Skip to main content

Full text of "A general pronouncing dictionary;"

See other formats




Shewing at one View the 






In the 


According to the present Practice of 





Carefully revised, augmented, ana improved. 

HonUott : 



No. 47, Paternoster Row, 





Hummer aad Brewis, Punters, Love-Lane, Little-Eastcheap. 


-Sermonum stet honos et gratia rivax 

Hot. Art. Poo?. 

[ X HE faculty of speech, or the power of expressing thoughts 
j by sounds, and of notifying the conceptions of the mind, by the 
combinations of appropriate tones addressed to the ear, L« at 
once the ornament and exclusive prerogative of Man : it is a 
distinction which, originating out of the privilege of reason, 
raises him much above the brute creation, generates the bonds 
of society, and produces all those amiable charit es of human 
life, which constitute its principal delight and interest. 
Therefore, in proportion as man cultivates this high and ex* 
tensive power, his intercourse with others becomes more dig- 
nified, and his means of attaining knowledge for himself, much 
more extended. 

Impressed with a conviction of this truth, men have at afl 
times paid attention to this pre-eminent gift of our species, and 
have cultivated the Art of Speaking not only as an ornamental, 
but an useful accomplishment. Grammarians existed coeval 
With the best writers, and Philology has been the object of 
the study of the cleverest men in all ages. The Athenians, for 
instance, were so strenuously bent upon the improvement of the 
pronunciation of their vernacular tongue, that at the least ex- 
pression dropped from the lips of any Greek, who was not da 
Athenian, they would discover him ; and the very flower-girls 
and market-women, of the city of Minerva, smiled at the im- 
proper dialect of any man, who did not add ess tLem in the 
purest style of Attic nicety. The Romans paid the same re- 
spect to their tongue, and a Varo y a Cicero, a Quintillutn, and 

several others, whose genius could soar far above tfie mere cal- 
culations of letters, and the irksome comparison of sounds, did 
tot disdain to bestow a great deal of their time and knowledge 
upon this branch of orthology. In our own country, in parti- 
cular, so many eminent philologists have gone before us in this 
path, that little remains for the Editor of a Pronouncing Dic- 
tionary of the English Language,but to familiarize the mind with 
a knowledge already extant, with principles thoroughly esta- 
blished, and to endeavour, by a more lucid arrangement of 
materials, to smooth the road to the attainable perfection of 
the science. 

I Although, at first sight, such a task might be supposed hum- 
ble, trite, and easy, yet the Editor, by the constant pains he has 
taken to bring the work to perfection, and the almost intermin- 
able difficulties which he met in his way, is well aware that such 
a performance requires the strictest attention, and the most in- 
defatigalle care ; and nothing but the success, which his exer- 
tions ensured to him, could repay him for the trouble he has 
taken. As he cannot here boast of originality in his concep- 
tions, he must build his fame upon strictness and exactitude, 
and sit down content with the conscience of having facilitated 
the acquisition of a branch of knowledge, worthy of the atten- 
tion of all classes of society. 

The first impression of this work consisted of seven thousand 
in number— it was sold off in a few months. A second edition 
was soon prepared, to the number of ten thousand, and has 
experienced as rapid a sale as the former $ and this new one, 
we feel no hesitation to say, will have the same success : such 
is the unbounded approbation which the public has given to 
this useful publication. Besides, the very flattering testimo- 
nies, hereunto annexed, of some of our best Critics, have stimu- 
lated our exertions to render this new edition still more worthy 
of public patronage. The singular nature of the accents, 

[ v ] 
directing to the best approved pronunciation, requiring the 
most minute attention in every department, has been scrupul- 
ously attended to, and its progress through the press has been 
proportionably regarded. 

Every sheet has been critically examined before it was com- 
mitted to the press, and minutely corrected before its com- 
pletion. From local circumstances we have been peculiarly 
enabled to distinguish with precision the southern from the 
northern expression of the vowels ; and the whole has been 
modelled to the best standard of our language. In this edition 
we have introduced the apostrophe, where two syllables at the 
end of words are usually contracted in pronunciation into one, 
and the pronouncing characters have been equally attended to ; 
but in all those contracted syllables where the common accent, 
which has been strictly regarded, coincides with the apostrophe, 
the latter is omitted. Several pages of additional words are 
introduced in their proper places, precisely defined ami nark- 
ed ; a very few anomalous cases excepted, which bid defiance 
to all general rules, where the nearest approved sounds arc 
specified. With these advantages, we feel confident that our 
labours will be properly appreciated. 

To this edition are annexed some thoughts on the Brit : ah 
empire and constitution, with a list of cities, borough*, and 
market towns, and their distances from the respective extre- 
mities of London, and some other useful matters ; and to the 
whole are prefixed a concise table of words of simjiar sound, 
and of the usual abbreviations occurring in printed books of 
this nature. 

[ vi ] 


Of Periodical and Critical Publications. 

" The obscure sound of the five vowels we consider as a very striking im- 
provement. Of this he gives specimens in all the vowels, though it is nearly 
alike in them all ; and it may be understood to constitute a new classification 
•f a general principle, hitherto but little adverted to by writers on the elements 
of our vernacular tongue. The mode of stating the two sounds of th also, 
though of Saxon origin, is both ingenious and useful. On the whole, this Dic- 
tionary may be justly recommended to all persons desirous of acquiring a 
knowledge of the principles necessary to form a correct and approved pronun- 
ciation." Gent. Mag, July, 1807. 

M In a very modest preface, Mr. Enfield observes. ' that the editor of such 
a work as this has little to do, but to familiarize the mind to knowledge already 
extant, and to endeavour, by a lucid arrangement of the materials of his pre- 
decessors, to smooth the path of science.' Humble as such pretensions are, 
the task is one which requires the exercise both of considerable judgment 
and of great industry ; and it is but common justice to say, that Mr. Enfield' 
has displayed both in the compilation and arrangement of the useful little vo- 
lume before us." Anti- Jacobin Itevierv, Aug. J8O7 

" To express by letters the nice distinction between sounds is no easy task; 
but in the work before us, the author has taken no small pains in compilation. 
His scheme of the vowels makes them comprehend twenty-two sounds, aLd 
that of the consonants represents their powers to be numerous. Weweiefor 
the most part pleased with his mode of pronunciation." 

Monthly Rev Feb. 1308. 


THIS little Dictionary, which is unequalled for its neatness and utility, 
has been already adopted by the following respectable Masters of Seminaries 
for the Instruction of Youth : and it is with pleasure we add, that its acknow- 
ledged merits have introduced it into various Schools of established reputation 
throughout the United Kingdoms. We shall just add the Names of some 
of the many Gentlemen, who, apprised of its real value, will, by 'this Recom- 
mendation, feel happy in promoting its utitily amongst the rising generation 

K The Reverend WILLIAM BURNEY, LD * 
Cold Harbour, Gosport. 
The Reverend JOHN EVANS, A.M. 

Pullin's Row, Islihgton 
The Reverend Mr. CUMYNS, Gosport. 
Mr. T. ES PIN, Louth Lincolnshire. 
Mr. LEVETT, Colchester, Essex. 
Mr. OVERETT, Romtord, Essex. 
Mr. STORR, Grantham, Lincolnshire. 



PROSODY consists of two parts : the one teaches the true pronunciation of 
words, and the other the laws of versification. 

is just when every letter has its proper sound, and when every syllable has its 
proper accent. 

lhe principles of pronunciation are letters ; and the' elements or letters into 
which the words of any language may be analysed, form the necessary alphabet 
of that language 

In the English alphabet are twenty-six letters. 


Of these letters there are six vowels, which, by themselves, each make, by 
simply opening the mouth, a perfect sound. The remaining twenty are called 
consonants, which cannot be sounded without a vowel, and whose pronuncia- 
tion depends on the particular application and use of every part of the mouth, 
as the teeth, the lips, the palate, &c. 

The several sounds of the English voweh are exhibited in the following 
scheme : 



Marked. Nature of Sound. Examples. 

a short and acute a"t, Mt 

a long ale, hate 

a broad all, Mil 

4 short and obscure liar, sluggaYd 


e* short and acute me*t, bSt 

e less acute and short • . . devout, desist 

6 longer than e scSne, mS 

6 short and obscure her, glimmer 

<f ...... . short and acute * • chYn, gYve 

i long • chine, wine 

1 ...... . slender, equal to 3 field, fief 

i short and obscure first, shirt 


b short and acute • • • • • shb*t, hb*t 

6 grave and long ...» vote, note 

6 equal to u protracted 16se, prova 

6 short and obscure actor, major 


K short and acute htit, but 

u long ... . push, bull 

u equal to yu • * * . • • m&te, cube 

u • • short and obscure • ....... fur, purl 


y short truly, tru»t> 

y long . try, rye 

[ viii ] 

01 or 0Y 

Marked Eramplei, 

&i btttl, point 

»y b$ty,j6y 

OU or OW 

8ft 8fit, pouch 

8w 5wl, b8wl 


Marked Example* 

w ••••••• • w6, wo 


hw whirf, whig 

h •••'.... • who, whole 

Observation on the foregoing Scheme. 

THE reader will notice that the a marked short, thus K, has its utterance 
lengthened by having the accent placed immediately after it — as in sha'rp, bath, 
a'ss,&c. the a is sensibly longer than in 8sh', hat', glad', &c. where the accent 
follows the consonant. The same holds with respect to short 8. This distinc- 
tion should be particularly noted by the consultor of this work- 

In sounding i open your mouth as wide as if you were going to pronounce 
the broad, obscure, and guttural a, and meant to sound that vowel ; but on 
the first effort of the voice for that purpose, check its progress by a sudden 
motion of the under jaw towards the upper, stopping it in that situation iu 
which the slender sound lis formed, and then instantly cutting off all sound. 
Thus as the sound of a is not completed, nor the sound of I continued, there 
results frorr the union of the two a third sound or diphthong which has no re- 
semblance to either, and yet is a compound of both. Sheridan. 

To form the diphthong ol' or of % it is necessary to pronounce the full sound 
of a\ dwelling some time on that vowel before the sound is intercepted by the 
motion of the under jaw to the position of forming the slender sound 5. and 
then the voice is instantly to cease. — This diphthong 8Y or £?', differs from that 
of I only in this, that the first vowel a' is distinctly heard before it unites with 
the latter vowel !. Sheridan. 

To produce the diphthong ou' or b\v', it is necessary that there should be the 
greatest aperture of the mouth, as if it were about to form the sound a'; but 
before that sound is comple ed, the organs are to change to the position of pro- 
nouncing 6 (or u), by a rapid motion of the under jaw towards the upper, and pro- 
truding the lips in the form of sounding 6 (or u), at the same time stopping tne 
voice short ; and thus, as in the diphthong of, by having neither the sound of the 
former or latter letter completed, there arises, from the coalescence of the two, 
a third sound different from both, which is the diphthong ou'or ow'. Sheridan. 
Here again the absence of the accent shortens the sound a little. 

Wh sounds h6 or hu before a, e, i, u, y. 

Wh sounds only like aspirated h before o and oo. 

When a letter is to be silent, the same is left out in the representation of the 
sounds to be given to each syllable; the silent e only is often characterised by 
being an Italic e at the end of a syllable, instead of being a Roman e. lest, where 
that si ent e serves to prolong the syllable, the absence of this final e should de- 
ceive ihe eye. 

Oftentimes y without any mark over it, because its sound gen'ly slides into 
that of the next vowel, will he found in this dictionary, as in Sheridan's quarto. 
From this it will be inferred, that this y does not form of itself a syllable : for 
instance in grammarian, marked gram-ma ry an, one is given to understand 
that the sound of the word consists only of three syllables from the i being 
changed into a coalescing.^. — There aie, however, many words in which the 
i actually forms a syllable of its own before another vowel, though that syllable 
be a very short one ; and it will generally form such a syllable when the i is 
preceded by bl t cl, dl,&c. or by br, cr, dr, &c. 

I « J 

In order to render this dictionary moie useful to those, who only make occa- 
sional eference to works of this nature, as well as to assist the student, th« 
preceding scheme is exhibited at the top of e^eh page, which will save the reader 
the trouble and inconvenience of turning to this part of the book, and forms & 
key which may be consulted with facility. 


Marked, Examples. 
B b beY, stab' 

r • • • • • k c^i're, cb'id 

C... \ s tfv'tt 

I sh gra'cious 

r * . • • • tsh • ch&t', chSss 

Ch • • < sh cM gri'n 

C ..... k ch6'rd 

D d . i dTd' 

c f fit' 

F • • - { v fer * 

r c g g^'rb, g^t' 

°" * * ' i dzh gen'tle, ges-ture 

Gh * ' X g hard .... gho'st 

H • • " h (an aspiration) l&tf, he*m 

J • • dzh ...••• jeV, jo ke 

K o k king* 

• x, 1 leV, felt' 

M m "-my 

N n not' 

P p pSp', pap*' 

Ph f phtlbVophy' 

Q k ••»••• • quaV-rel 

R r rSt', or 

• • s so', Ms' 

.. z ...... . ro'se, a'thefem 

• • sh • sure 

• • zh f&'sidn 

' t before e& i, s sce'ne, science 

&c ' * * \ sk ...... sc&t'-ter, scud' 

l r » before i, s ...... . schYsm' 

Sch » ♦ J • • • • e, sh schS'duleJ 

t • . • • e, sk • sche'me 

•Sh sh . * . . . • shall', wtsh 

* Though this will sometimes hold good, it has neither been frequently used 
in these pages, nor do we think that a general use of this hard sound would 
suit a modern English ear. At least it should certainly be received with 
much caution. Editor. 

t This sound of/ for gh is but sparingly used, and should be well at- 
tended to before it is admitted. In the word dough, for instance, we have 
another sound, viz. of w, and some other anomalous cases, perhaps, may be 
met with. Editor. 

t There has been great diversity of opinion on the proper sound of schism 
and schedule, some contending that they ought to be pronounced as in this 
synopsis, whilst others maintain that the third sound only should be admitted. 
Mr. Walker has enumerated them ; and seems to conclude for resolving the 
second into the first sound, though we have kept them distinct. Editor. 


•i x ) 

Marked. . Examples. 

5s . . , I" s prgss' 

*• sh miss'itfu 

St • • • before ion sht question 

r . . . - . t t6', at 

T • . . -< sh aV-ti6n 

I s satiety 

' r~ f th aspirate • • thin', breath 

i th t>ocaZ .... thfcn', thus' 

V .«v v&'st, ha've 

f ks exercise 

X • • • -^ gz exert, exist* 

t • initial • z xenophon 

Xt • • • before ion kssh mix'titfn 

2 . . . f r ...... , ra'z6r 

1 zh azure 

B is silent before t or after m ; as in debt , dumb. 

C is silent before the sound of k, and in a few other instances : as in 
ttick, sack, muscle. 

Ch is sometimes silent, as in yacht. 

D is sometimes silent, as in handsome. 

At the end of a syllable injf, one /is mute. 

G is often silent before m, n, h, as in phlegm, gnat, reign, sign, light. 

Gh is often silent before t, and at the end of words or syllables, as in light, 
fo'gh, &c. 

H is often silent when initial, and when between £ mute and final t, as in 
honour, sight. 

K is silent before n, in the same syllable, as in knave, knot. 

L is silent before k and m, as in ba\k, balm. 

N is silent after m in the same syllable, as in hymn, condemn.— -The lettei 
n, after e or o contracted, is uttered somewhat through the nose, so that its 
sound becomes obscure, as in heav'n, person, for heaven, person. 

P is sometimes silent, as in ysalm. 

Ph is sometimes silent, as in phthisic. 

On the Organic Formation of the English Language. 

Extracted from Dr. Crombie's Etymology, ^c. of the English Language. 

CONSONANTS are generally divided into mutes and semi-vowels. The 
mutes are those, which entirely, and at once, obstruct the sound of the vowei, 
and prevent its continuation. These are called perfect mutes. Those, which 
do not suddenly obstruct it, are called imperfect mutes. 

Semi-vowels are those consonants which do not entirely obstruct the voice, 
bat whose sounds may be continued at pleasure, thus partaking of the nature 
of vowels. 

The nature of these consonants I proceed briefly to explain, 

A vowel sound may be continued at pleasure, or it may be terminated, either 
by discontinuing the vocal effort, in which case it is not articulated by any con- 
sonant, as in pronouncing the vowel o; or by changing the conformation of 

• Opinions vary about this sound of x in several words, some contending 
for the softer sound of ks, whilst others, from a provincial partiality in many 
cases, at least, espouse the harder sound of gz. Some of these have been 
softened in the present edition, whilst others have been retained; for which we 
can only assign the general reason in our preface. Editor, 

[ xi 1 

the mouth, or relative position of the organs of speech, so that the vowel 
sound is lost by articulation, as in pronouncing the syllable or. It is to be 
observed also, that a vowel maybe articulated, not only by being terminated 
by a consonant, as in the example now given, but likewise by introducing the 
sound with that position of the organs, by which it had, in the former case, been 
terminated, as in pronouncing the syllable ro. ... . . , 

In pronouncing the consonants, there are five distinguishable portions of 
the organs. I he first is the application of the lips to each other, so as to close 
the mouth. Thus are formed the consonants p, b. and m 

In the second position, the under lip is ai plied to the fore teeth of the upr er 
jaw; and in this manner we pronounce the consonant standi;. 

The third position is, when the tongue is applied to the fore teeth ; and thus 
we pronounce th. 

In the fourth position we apply the fore part of the tongue to the fore part 
of the palate; and by this application we pronounce the letters t y d, s, z, 
r, I, n. 

The fifth position is, when the middle part of the tongue is applied to the 
palate, and thus we pronounce /c, the hard sound of g, (as in go) sh, J, 
and ng. 

In the first position we have three letters, of which the most simple, and 
indeed the only articularor, being absolutely mute, is p. In the formation of 
this letter, nothing is required but the sudden closingof the mouth, and stop- 
ping the vowel sound; or the sound may be articulated by the sudden open- 
ing of the lips, in order to emit the compressed sound of the vowel. 

Now if, instead of simply expressing the vowel sound by opening the lips, 
in saying, for example, pa, we shall begin to form a guttural sound, the posi- 
tion being still preserved ; then, on the opening the lips, we shall pronounce 
the syllable ba. The guttural sound is produced by a compt ession of the larynx, 
or windpipe, and is that kind of murmur, as Bishop W ilk ins expresses it, 
which is heard in the throat, before the breath is emitted with the vocal sound. 
B, therefore, though justly considered as a mute, is not a perfect mute. 

The mouth being kept in the same position, and the breath being emitted 
through the nostrils, the letier m is produced. 

In the first position, therefore, we have a perfect mute p, having no audi- 
ble sound; a labial and liquid consonant tn, capable of a continued sound; 
and, between these two extremes, we have the letter b, somewhat audible, 
though different from any vocal sound 

Here then are three things to be distinguished. 1st. The perfect mute, 
having no sound of any kind. 2dly The perfect consonant, having not only 
a proper, but continued sound: and 3dly, Between these extremes we find 
the letter b, having a proper sound, but so limited, that, in respect to the 
-perfect consonant, it may be termed a mute, and in relation to the perfect 
mute, may be properly termed imperfect. 

In the second position we have che letters f and t>, neither of which are 
perfect mutes. The letter f is formed by having the aspiration not altoge- 
ther interrupted, but emitted forcibly between the foie teeth and under lip. 
This is the simple articulation in this position. If to this we join the gut- 
tural sound, we shall have the letter v, a letter standing in nearly the same 
relation to/ 1 , as b and w, in the first position, stand top. The only differ- 
ence between f and v is, that, in the former, the compression of the teeth 
and under lip is not so strong as in the latter, and that the former is pro- 
duced by the breath only, and the latter by the voice and breath combined. 

The consonant f> therefore, though not a mute like p, in having the 
breath absolutely confined, may notwithstanding be considered as such, con- 
sistently with that principle, by which a mute is understood to be an aspira- 
tion without guttural sound. 

Agreeably to the distinction already made, v may be termed a perfect 
consonant, and f an imperfect one, having no proper sound, though 
audibie. Thus we have four distinctions of consonants in our alphabet, 

[ xii ] . 

namely, of perfect and imperfect consonants ; perfect and imperfect mutes I 

p is a perfect mute, having no sound. 

b an imperfect mute, having proper sound, but limited. 

on a perfect consonant, having sound, and continued. 

/ an imperfect consonant, having no sound, but audible. 

In the third position we have th as heard in the words then and thin 
formed by placing the tip of the tongue between the teeth, and pressing it 
against the upper teeth. The only difference between these articulations' 3 is 
that, like ./and v, the one is formed by the breath only, and the other by the 
breath and voice together. The sound of th, in thin, is usually marked with 
a stroke through the h, like the Saxon, to distinguish it from its other sound 
as in thick. 

Here also may be distinguished the perfect and the imperfect consonant • 
for the th in thin has no sound, but is audible, whereas the th in this, there 
has a sound, and that continued. 

In the fourth position there are several consonants formed. 

1st. If the breath be stopped, by applying the fore part of the tongue forcibly 
to that part of the palate which is contiguous to the fore teeth, we produce 
the perfect mute t, having neither aspiration or guttural sound. By accom- 
panying this operation of the tongue and palate with the guttural sound, we 
shall pronounce the letter d, which, like b of the first position, may be consi- 
dered as a mute, though not perfect. For in pronouncing ed the tongue at 
first gently touches the gum, and is gradually pressed clo3er, till the sound is 
obstructed; whereas in pronouncing et, the tongue is at once pressed so close 
that the sound is instantly intercepted. 

2dly, If the tip of the tongue be turned up towards the upper gum, so as not 
to touch it, and thus the breath be cut by the sharp point of the tongue, 
passing through the narrow chink left between that and the gum, we pro- 
nounce the sibilating sound of s. If we accompany this operation with a 
guttural sound, as in b, v,andlhiti then, we shall pronounce the letter z\ 
the same difference subsisting between s and z as between /and v> p and 6* 
th and th. 

3dly, If we make the tip of the tongue vibrate rapidly between the upper 
and lower jaw, so as not to touch the latter, and the former but gent'y, we 
shall pronounce the letter r. The more closely and forcibly the tongue 
vibrates against the upper jaw, the stronger will the sound he rendered. It is 
formed about the same distance from the teeth, as the letter d, or rather some- 
what behind it. 

4thly, If the end of the tongue be gently applied to the fore part of the 
palate, a little behind the seat of the letter d, and somewhat before the place 
of r, and the voice be suffered to glide gently over the sides of the tongue, we 
shall pronounce the letter I. Here the breadth of the tongue is contracted, 
and a space left for the breath to pass from the upper to the under part of the 
tongue, in forming this the most vocal of all the consonants. 

5thly, If the aspirating passage, in the formation of the preceding conso- 
nant, be stopped, by extending the tongue to its natural breadth, so as to in- 
tercept the voice, and prevent its exit by the mouth, the breath emitted 
through the nose will give the letter n. 

In the fifth position, namely, when we apply the middle or back part of the 
tongue to the palate, we have the consonants k,g. sh,j, and )tg. 

If the middle of the tongue be raised, so as to press closely against the 
roof of the mouth, and iniercept the voice at once, we pronounce the letter 
k (e/c). If the tongue be not so closely applied at first, and the sound be 
allowed to continue a ittle, we have the letter g (eg). Thus ek and eg bear 
the same analogy to each other, as et and ed of the fourth position. If the 
tongue be protruded towards the teeth, so as not to touch them, and be kept 
itt a position somewhat flatter than in pronouncing the letter s, the voice anil 

t xiii ] 

breath passing over it through a wider chink, we shall have the sound of 

If we apply the tongue to the palate as in pronouncing sh, but a little more 
forcibly, and accompanying it with the guttural sound, we shall have the 
sound of the Fr^-nchj. Thus j is in this position analagous to the letter b, 
v, th in the first, second, and third positions, and is a simple consonant. J in 
English is a douhle consonant, compounded ofd and the French j, as in join. 

U we raise the middle of the tongue to the palate gently, so as to permit 
part of the voice to issue through the mouth, forcing the remainder back, 
through the noose, keeping at the same time the tongue in the same position at 
in pronouncing eg, we shall have the articulating sound of ir/g, for which we 
have no simple character. 

'lhe only remaining letter k is the note of aspiration, formed in various 
positions, according to the vowel with which it is combined. 

What effect the compression of the larynx has in articulation, may be seen 
by comparing these pairs of consonants. 

"With compression. Without compression. 

B P 

G K 

D T 

Z S 

Th Tn 

V F 

J Sh 


Having thus given what we deem the best authorities as to the sounds 
of the letters, we shall insert the following short rules for the accent, or quan- 
tity of syllables, by Dr. Johnson ; which, though subject to exception, are, 
perhaps, the, best suited to the comprehension of the uniformed student of 
any extant, on a subject so complicated, and where so much, after all the 
rules that ran be given, must depend on the compass and capacity of the voice 
of the speaker. 

Accent is the laying a peculiar stress of the voice on a certain letter or 
syllable in a word, that it may be better heard than the rest, or distinguished 
from i hem; as in the word presume, the stress of the voice must be on the 
letter u. and second s\ liable sume, which takes the accent. 

Every woid of our language, of more than one syllable, has one of them 
distinguished from the rest in this manner; and every monosyllable of two or 
more letters has one of its letters thus distinguished. 

As emphasis is a stronger and fuller sound of voice, by whieh we distin- 
guish some word or words on which we design to lay particular stress, to shew 
how they affeci the rest of the sentence, so , where other reasons do not forbid, 
the accent always dwells with greatest force on that part of the word which, 
from its importance, the hearer has always the greatest occasion to ob- 


Of Dissyllables, formed by affixing a termination, the former syllable is 
commonly accented, a&childuh, kingdom,, a'c'ed, toilsome, lo'vers, cdffer, 
fa'irer, fo'rei/'ost, ze'atous, fulness, godly, ine'ekly,<t'rtist. 

Dissyllables formed by prefixing a- syllable to the radical word, have com* 
manly the accent on the latter; as, to bege't, to beseem, to bestow., 


[ ™ 1 

Of Dissyllables, which are at once nouns and verbs, the verb has com- 
monly the accent on the latter, and the noun on the former syllable; as to 
desca'nt, a descant ; to cemt'nt, a ce'mcnt ; to contract, a co'/dract. This 
rule has many exceptions. Though verbs seldom nave their accent on the 
former, yet nouns often have it on the latter syllable; as delight, perfume. 

All dissyllables ending in y, as cranny; in our, as labour, Javour in 
ow, as willorv ; toa'llow, except allow ; in Ic, as battle, bible , in ?sh, as banith ; 
inch, as ca'mbrick, cassock; in ter, a« to baiter; in age, as courage; in 
en, us fatten ; in et, as quiet, accent the former syllable. 

Dissyllable nouns in er, as canker, butter, have the accent on the former 

Dissyllable verbs terminating in a consonant and e final, as comprise, 
escape, or having a dipthong in the last syllable, as appease, leit'al, or 
ending in two consonants, as ntte'nd ; have the accent on the latter syllable. 

Dissyllable uouns having a dipthong in the latter syllable, have com- 
monly their accent on the latter syllable, as appla'u&ei except words m 
ain, as cc'rtain, mo'untain. 


Trissyllables formed by adding a termination, or prefixing a syllable, re« 
tain the accent of the radical word ; as loveliness, te'ndernos, contemner, 
tvu'ggoner, physical, bespa'tter, comme'nling, commending, a^su'i ance. 

Ttissyllabies ending in ous, as gracious, a'rduous; in al, as ca'pital ; in 
ion, as mention, accent the first. 

Trissyllables ending in ce, ent, and ate, accent the fist syllable, as 
co'unlenunce, continence, u'nndment, imminent, e'legant, propagate, ex- 
cept they be derived from words having the accent on the last, as comii'vance, 
acquaintance; or the middle syllable hath a vowel between two consonants, 
*s promulgate. 

Trissyllables ending in y, as entity, specify, liberty, victory, subsidy, 
commonly accent the first syilabie. 

Ttissyllabies in le or re accent the first syllable, as le'gible, the'atre, ex- 
cept disciple, and words which are long by ?on, as exa'mple, epistle. 

Trissyllables in ucie, commonly accent the first syllable, as plenitude. 

Trissyllables ending in ator, as creator ; or having in the middle syllable 
a dipthong, as endeavour; or a vowel before two consonants, as dome'slic, 
accent the middle syllable. 

Trissyllables that have their accent on the last syllable are commonly 
French, as acquie'sce, repartee, magazine; or words formed by prefixing 
one or two syllables to an acute syllable, as immatu're, overcharge. 


Polysyllables or words of more than three syllables, fol'ow the accent of 
the words from which they are derived, as abrogating, co'ntinency, incon- 
tinently, commendable, commu'nicable.ness. We should therefore say dis- 
putable, indisputable, rather than disputable, indisputable, and udver* 
ti'sement t rather than advertisement. 

Words in ion have the accent on the antepenult, as salvt'tion, pertur- 
ha'tion, conco'ction, words in atour, orator, on the penult, as dedicator. 

Words ending in le commonly have the accent on the first syllable as 
a'miable, unless the second syllable has a vowel before two consonants, as 

Words ending in ous have the accents on the antepenult, as uxo'rious, 

Words ending in ty have their accent on the antepenult, nspus&illanimity, 

[ xv ] 


VERSIFICATION is the arrangement of a certain number of syllables, 
according; to certain laws established in a language by frequent repetition, the 
harmony of which consists in a pleasing variety of accented and unaccented 
syllables, which, connected form a foot. They are called feet, because it is by 
their aid that the voice, as it were, steps alone throuch the verse, in a mea- 
sured pace; and it is ne;essary that the syllables, which mark this regular 
movement of the voice, should, in some manner, be distinguished from the 
others. This distinction was made among the Greeks and Romans, by dividing 
their syllables into long and short, and ascertaining their quantity by an exact 
proportion of time in sounding ihem ; the long being to the short as two to 
one, and the long syllables, being thus the more important, marked the 
movement. In English, syllables are divided into accented and unaccented; 
and the accented syllables, being as strongly distinguished from the unac- 
cented, by the peculiar stress of the voice upon them, are equally capable of 
marking the movement, and pointing out the regular paces of the voice, as the 
long syllables were, by their quantity, among the ancients. 

Ail leet used in poetry consist either of two, or of three syllables, and 
are reducible to eisht kinds ; four of two syllables, viz. a Trochee, an Iambus, 
a Spondee ; a Pyrrhic ; and four of three syllables, viz. a Dactyl, an 
Amphibrach, an Anapoest, and a Tribrach, 

A Trochee has the first syllable accented, and the last unaccented ; as, 
M Hateful, pettish/ 

An Iambus has the first syllable unaccented, and the last accented; as 
" Betray, consist." 

A Spondee has both the words or syllables accented. No word of two 
syllables is without accent, or with a double one in English ; as, " The pale 

. A Pyrrhic has both the words or syllables unaccented ; as, " bn the* 
tall tree." 

A D ictyh tau Lhe first syllable accented, and the two latter unaccented: 
as, " Labourer, posstblg." 

An Amphibrach has the first and last syllables unaccented; and the 
middle one accented : as, " Delightful, domestic.'' 

An Anapa&t has the tv/o first syllables unaccented, and the last accented : 
*>s, " Contravene, acquiesce." 

A Tribrach has three syllables unaccented: as, " Nume'rXble', conquerable." 

Some of these feet may be denominated principal feet ; as pieces of poe- 
try may be wholly or chiefly formed of any of them. Such are the Trochee, 
Iambus, Dactyl, and Anapa?st, which we shall endeavour to sxplain. The 
others may be termed secondary feet; because their chief use is to diversify 
4he numbers, and to improve the verse. 

IAMBIC verses may be divided into 
several species, according to the num- 
ber of feet or syllables of which they 
are composed. 

The first form of our Iambic which 
viz shall notice is too short to be con- 
tinued through any great number of 
lines. It consists of two Iambuses. 
What placets here! 
What scenes appear ! 
To me the rose 
No longer glows. 
The second form consists of three 

Yn place's far Or near, 
Or famous or obscure, 
Where wholesome is the air. 
Or where the most impure. 
The third form is made up of four 

and may Kt last my* weary" age, 
Find out the peaceful hermitage. 
The fourth species of English Iambic 
consists of five Iambuses. 
HoV lov'd, h8w valti'd once, avails 

the:* not, 
To whom related, or by whom begot : 
b2 * 

[ *vi ] 

A heap of dust alone remains of thee : 
>Tis all Ihou art, and all the proud 

shall be. 

This is called the Heroic measure. 
In its simplest form it consists of five 
Iambuses ; but by the admission of 
other feet, as Trochees, Dactyls, Ana- 
pasts, &c. it is capable of many varie- 
ties. Indeed, most of the English 
common measures may be varied in 
the same way ; but it's a sort of licence 
which good authors have very seldom, 
if ever, availed themselves of in works 
of a serious nature. 

The sixth foim of our Iambic is com- 
monly called the Alexandrine measure. 
It consists of six Iambuses. 
For thou art but bf dust j be* humble" 

and be wise. 

In all these measures the accents are 
to be placed on even syllables ; and 
every line considered by itself is, in 
general, more melodious, as this rule 
is more strictly observed. 

We must add, that in imitation of 
the ancients, our best authors have in- 
troduced the caesure in the Heroic and 
Alexandrine verse ; it is a pause or rest 
which is consistent with the sense of 
the phrase, and always conducive to its 
harmony.— In the line of five or ten syl- 
lables this rest occurs, generally af- 
ter the second foot, or fourth syllable, 
as in the following example : 
** Oh ! spare my youth] and for the life 

I owe 
Large gifts of price] my father shall be- 
stow ; 
When fame shall tell] that not in battle 

Thy hollow ships] his captive son de- 

Pope's Iliad, B. vi. 57- 

But the caesure changes often its 
place, and may be found after the third 
and even the fourth foot, as for instance: 
*• He said : compassioa touch'dj the 

Hero's heart. 

Loc. cit. 
u Scarce had his faulchion cut the reins ] 

and freed 
The incumber'd chariot from the dying 


Pope's Iliad. B. viii. 

However, this liberty should not be 
taken too often, and only when the 
harmony of the verse requires it. 

Besides this, our versification admits 
of few licences , among which we may 
rank the following. 

The synalapka , or elision of e in the 
before a vowel, as, tW eternal ; and 
sometimes but rarely of o in to, as, 
V accept. 

TROCH AIC verse is of several kinds. 

The shortest Trochaic verse in our 
language, consists of one Trochee and 
a long syllabic 

Truest love, 
From above, 
Being pure, 
Wiil endure. 

This measure is defective in dignity, 
and can seldom be used on serious 

The second English form of the Tro- 
chaic consists of two feet ; an i is like- 
wise so brief, that it is rarely used for 
any "ery serious purpose, 
on the mountain, 
By a fountain. 

It sometimes contains two feet or 
trochees, and an additional long sylla- 
ble ; as, 

in the days bf old 
Fables plainly told. 

The third species consists of three 
trochees; as, 

When bur hearts are mdurafng ; 
or of three trochees with an additional 
long syllable ; as, 

Restless mortals toil for nought; 

Bliss in vain from earth is sought : 

The fourth Trochaic species consists 
of four trochees; as, 

Round os roars the tempest louder. 

The fifth Trochaic species is uncom- 
mon. It is composed of five trochees, 
all that walk bn foot br ride tn oharibts. 
All that dwell in palaces or garrets. 

The sixth form of the English trochaic 
consists of six trochees , as, 
on & mountain, stretch* d beneath & 

hoar 1 ? willbw. 
Lay a shepherd swain, and view'd tht 

rolling billow. 

This seems to be the longest tro- 
chaic line that our language admits. 

In all these trochaic measures, the 
accent is to be placed on the odd syl- 

The DACTYLIC measure being very 
uncommon, we shall give only one ex* 
ample of one species of it; 

C **H ] 

From the* Ww pleasure* 8f this f alllm 

Rise we to higher, &c. 

'AN A P^STIC verses are divided into 
several species, the first and simplest of 
which is made up of two anapaests; as, 
Btit his courage 'gfcn fail, 
For no arts could avail. 
The second species consists of three 

fcye' woods, spread ytfur branches Space; 
To your deepest recesses I fly ; 

The preceding are the different kinds of the principal feet, in their mor* 
simple forms. They are capable of numerous variations, by the intermixtur* 
of those feet with each other, and by the admission of the secondary feet, by 
which two short vowels coalesce into one syllable, as question, special ; or 
when a word is contracted by the expulsion of a short vowtl before a liquid, 
as av'rice, temp'rance. 

I would hide with the beasts of the 
chace ; 
I -would vanish from every eye. 
This is a very pleasing measure, and 
much used, both in solemn and cheer- 
ful subjects. 

The third kind of the English ana- 
paestic, consists of four anapaests. 
May 1 govern my passions with abso- 
lute sway, 
And grow wiser and better as life 
wears away. 


TN order that the English Language may be more easily understood, as well 
as to give a key by which the student may form any derivative, or class of de- 
rivatives, that may be omitted in this Dictionary, we think it necessary to 
enquire how this description of words are deduced from their primitives, and 
point out the obvious rules by which they not only are formed, but by which 
their meanings may easily be discovered, and their true pronunciations acquired. 


Nouns, or Substantives, are derived from verbs ; as, from to love, comet 
love ; to fright, a fright ; to strike, a stroke, &c. &c. 

Several philologists and grammarians are inclined to think that on the-, con- 
trary , verbs are derived from substantives, and this seems to be the most plau- 
sible opinion — as to love is to do or make love ; to work, to do or make zcork, 
ice. besides names for things must have been inveuted before names for att» 
ing; as they first caught the eye, and called on the mind for a definition. 

The more usual sorts of derived substantives, or nouns, are Diminutive 
Nouns, Abstract Noims, Verbal Substantives of thet Actor, Verbal Substan- 
tives of the Action ; Nouns that signify Office, Nouns that signify Dominion 
or Rule, and Nouns that signify State or Condition. 

Diminutive Nouns express the same as their primitive substantives, with 
the adjective little, and they are formed by adding the terminations kin, (kin), 
ling (ling, ock, (bk), en (en), el (el), &c. as lamb, lumkin; goose, gosling ; 
duck, duckling ; hill, hillock; chick, chicken; cock, cockerel, &c. 

Abstract Substantives are regularly formed by adding the termination ness 
(nes). (which denotes the quality or state of what the preceding word expres 
sci) to the adjective, as good, goodness ; kind, kindness; and sometimes they 
end in th (th), as length from long ; strength from strong ; wealth from wgiki. 
Abstract Nouns borrowed from the Latin end variously, as justice, fortitude, 
liberty. Arc. 

The Substantives of the Actor or Doer are derived from verbs, and denote 
the mic or habit of doing wh*t the verb from which they are formed expresses. 
They are generally formed by adding the termination er (er) to the verb, as 


[ xViii ] 

teach, teacher ; play, player, &c. ; but. in words borrowed from the Latin we 
usually keep the Latin termination or (or), as in doctor, governor, orator, kc. 

Substantives signifying; tiction, as separated from the agent or doer are re- 
gularly formed in English by adding; the termination ing (Tng), to the verb, as 
preach, preaching; pray, pi ayii<g ; sing, singing; learn, learning; read, 
reading, &c. Some end in mcnt (m^nt), age v £dzh), once (ens>, ery, CerV), 
&c. ; as commandment, tillage, appearance, prudery, Ac., and many de- 
rived from the Latin end in (ion (shtin), as instruction, correction, &c. ; and 
many otherwise, a* lecture, reason, doctrine, ice. 

Nouns that signify office, stale, conditioyi, &c. are usually formed by ad- 
ding ship (ship) to the primitive substantive, as kingship, the office of a king', 
stewardship, the office of a steward ; guardianship, the office of a guar- 
dian ; or lordship, partnership, foe. the stute or condition of a lord, part- 
ners, &c. Some substantives in ship come fiom adectives, as hard, hardship, 
&c. denoting the state of what the preceding word signifies. Nouns that sig- 
nify state or condition are also formed by addiu head (he'd, or hood (hud), to 
the primitive substantive, as the godhead, the state or majesty of God ; man" 
hood, the state or condition of a man; childhood, the state or condition of 
a child ; widowhood, the state or condition of a widow. 

Nouns that signify dominion, rule, jurisdiction , or state, are usually 
formed by adding the terminations wick (wtk), ric (rVk), ana do/n, (dom), as 
bailiwick, the jurisdiction of a bailiff; bishopric, the dominion of u bishop ; 
kingdom, the dominion of a king ; freedom, the state of being free, &c. 

Nouns that signify profession, generally are formed by adding the termina- 
tion ian (dn), as from physic, music, are formed physician , musician, &c. 

Nouns denoting character or habit are derived from verbs or adjectives, 
by adding ard (£rd), asdiunk, drunkard ; dote, dotard, &c. 

Nouns which express particular belief, opinion, doctrine, heresy, sect, ©r 
something which affects in the manner the preceding word expresses, are 
formed by the termination ism (Yzm). added to the substantive or verb, as pw 
ritanism from Puritan ; gentilism from Gentile; baptism from to baptise; ca- 
techism from to catechise, &c. 

Substantives in ist (Yst), express the maker or writer of, follower or advo- 
cate for, a dealer in, or one of, or curious in, a player in, one skilled in, 
one affected with, what the primitive word expresses, as from La»in, Latinist; 
bigamy, bigamist; dialogue, dialogist: panegyric, panegyrist; to baptize, 
baptist', drug, druggist, &c. &c. 


Adjectives are derived from Substantives in the following manner, viz. 
Adjectives denoting plenty or abundance, are formed from Substantives, 
1st, by addmg £/(?), as from health, healthy; wealth, wealthy ; might, mighty, 
&c. 2dly, By adding ous (us); as from malice, malicious; courage, cou» 
rageous; right, righteous; &c. or, 3dly, by adding ful (ful), as from joy, 
joyjul ; sin, sinful ; health, healthful. 

Adjectives denoting plenty, but with some kind of diminution, are form, 
ed from Substantives by the termination some (s6m), as from light, lightsome ; 
trouble, troublesome; toil, toilsome, &c. 

Diminutive Adjectives, or those which denote a little or somewhzt bf the 
nature or quality of what the preceding word expresses, are formed by adding 
the termination 2^ (tsh;, to a substantive or adjective; as child, childuh, or 
somewhat of a child ; black, blackish, or a little black, or somewKat bla^k, &c. 

Adjectives of likeness, or those which denotes likeness to what the preced- 
ing word expresses, ate usually formed by adding the termination ly (ly) ; and 
sometimes the adjective like (like, as godly, or like God; manly, or like a 
mail, or man like, &c. 

Adjectives signifying capacity, or denoting a passive quality equal to that 
may be, or worthy of being, what the preceding verb or noun expresses, ard 

C xix ] 

formed by adding the final particle able (eVl); as ans-wer, answerable: to 
move, moveable; to abolish, abolishable; sometimes by changing ate into 
able ; as in abominable, from to abominate, &c. &c. 

Material Adjectives, or those denoting the matter out of which any thing 
is made, are usually formed by adding en (n) to the substantive ; as from oak, 
oaken; wood, wooden; gold, golden, Szc. 


It cannot be doubted that Verbs are some times derived from substantives, ad- 
jectives, and even from adverbs; as from the substantive salt, comes to salt ; from 
the adjective warm,£o warm; and from the adverb forward, to forward. Some- 
times they are formed by lengthening the vowel, or softening the consohaut ; 
as from giass, to graze; glass, to glaze; brass, to braze , &c. Sometimes by ad- 
ding the termination en ('n) to the substantive or adjective • as from strength, to 
strengthen ; length, to lengthen ; short, to shorten ; wide, to widen, &c. 

Adverbs of quality or likeness are usually formed by adding the termina- 
tion ly iiy) to the positive adjective; as wise ; wisely; foolish., joolishly ; sinful, 
sinfully; base, basely; virtuous, virtuously, &c. In which case it seems in 
import equal to after the manner of what the preceding word expresses ; or 
in the manner or force and value of the preceding word. 

Of the INSEPARABLE PARTICLES un, dig, mis, &c. 

These inseparable prefixes in composition all include the negative particle 
not, besides their peculiar signification. 

The particle un (tin) always signifies privation, that is, the absence or want 
of something that either was or ought to be ; as unmerciful, unkind, unsteady, 

In words derived from the Latin, the particle in (m) is the same as un, as 
ingratitude, inactive, incomplete, &c. And sometimes it is an intensive par. 
tide, and then it signifies very, or very much, &sintent, or very earnest, 6cc. 
Sometimes, also, in words borrowed from the French, instead of in we use the 
French particle en (en), when it is not privative, but it intimates that the thing 
is inherent in another, is caused in it, oris tending to a junction. En be- 
comes el before /, and em before b, m, or p, and er before r. The n of in is 
likewise changed into l,m, andr, according to the initial consonant of the word 
to be annexed ; hence il, im, ir, instead of in ; as in illegal, immodest, zrregu* 
lar, &c. 

Note — The particle un is always privative, en never ; in sometimes pri- 
vative and sometimes not ; yet in verbs it is seldom ever privative, but often in 
participles and other words. 

The particle dis (dis), usually signifies some contrariety ; as honour, rfij- 
honour; like, dislike; grace, disgrace, &c. ; in which this prefix reverses the 
meaning of each word annexed to it ; or denotes the contrary of what each word 
primitively implies. 

The particle mis (mts) usually signifies wrong, or error ; as to mistake, 
or take wrong, otherwise than it is ; to misuse, or me ill, or otherwise than 
we ought, Lq. 


con j. 
int. • 

part. • » 
part. a. • 
part. pass. 

• adjective 

• adverb 

' conjunction 

• interjection 

• participle 

• participle active 

• participle passive 


> preposition 

• preterite . 

• pronoun 

• substantive 

• substantive plural 

• verb active 

• verb neuter 


Alike in sound, or nearly so, 

A'BEL, a man's name 
A'ble, capable 
Ac'cidence, a book 
Ac'cidents, casualties 
Acts, deeds 
Ax, an instrument 
Ail, to be disordered 
Ale, a liquor 
Hale, healthy 
Air, an element 
Are, a verb 
Hair, of the head 
Heir, to an estate 
Hare, an animal 
All, every one 
Awl, an instrument 
Hall, a room 
All'ow'd, granted 
Al'oud, noisy 
Al'tar, for sacrifice 
Alter, to change 
Hal'ter, a rope 
An. a particle 
Ann, a woman's name 
Ant, an insect 
Aunt, a relation 
Arrant, notorious 
Err'ant, wandering 
Err'and, a message 
Arras, tapestry 
Harr'ass, to teaze 
Ascent, a going up 
Assent, agreement 
Assistance, help 
Assistants, helpers 
Auger, an instrument 
Augur, a soothsayer 
Bacon, hog's flesh 
Beacon, a directing mark 
Beck6n, to make signs 
Bail, a surety 
Bale, goods packed 
Bait, an allurement 
Bate, to take less 
Baize, a sort of cloth 
Bays, a garland 
Base, mean 
Bass, a part in music 
Bald, without hair 
Bawl'd, cried out 
Ball, a round thing 
Bawl, to cry aloud 
Barbara, a woman's name 
Bar'berry, a shrub 

Bare, naked 

Bear, to support 

Bear, a wild beast 

Be, the verb to be 

Bee, an insect 

Bean, pulse 

Been, particle of to be 

Bear, to strike 

Heet, an herb 

Beau, a fop 

Bo s a word of terror 

Bow, an instrument 

"eer, malt liquor 

Bier, for a corpse 

Ber'ry. a small fruit 

Bury, to hide 

Blew, did blow 

Blue, a colour 

Boar abea*t 

Bore, to make a hole 

Bold, daring 

Bowl'd, did bowl 

Borough, a corporate town 

Bur'row, a rabbit hole 

Bough, a branch 

Bow, to bend 

Boy, a young lad 

Buoy, to support 

Brake, a thicket 

Break, to part forcibly 

Bread, food 

Bred, brought up 

Breaches, broken pieces 

Breeches, a part of dress 

Brews, doth brew 

Bruise, to hurt 

Bruit, a report 

Brute, a beast * 

Buy, to purchase 

By, near 

Calendar, an almanac* 

Calender, to smooth linen 

Call, to name 

Caul, a membrane 

Cannon, a great gun 

Can'on, a rule 

Cart, a carriage 

Chart, a map 

Ceiling, of a room 

Sealing of a letter, &c. 

Cell, a hut 

Sell, to dispose of 

Cell'ar, of a house 

Sell'er, one that sells 

[ "i ] 

Cen'ser, an incense pan 

Censor, a magistrate 

Censure, blame 

Cession, a giving up 

Session, a sitting 

Choir, of si gers 

Quire, or (.apei 

Choi* r, rage 

Coi'lar, for the neck 

Chionicie a register 

Chronical, long standing 

Cite, to summon 

Sicht, to view 

Sile, a si uation 

Clause, an article 

Claws, of a bird, &c. 

Close, to shut up 

Clothes, dress 

Coarse, homely 

Course, order 

Coat, a part of dress 

Co e, a fold 

Complement, the remainder 

Compliment, kind -words 

Cousin, a rela ion 

Coz'en, to cheat 

Cicak, to make a noise 

Creek, a small bay 

Currant, a small fruit 

Current, a stream 

Cyg'uet, a young swan 

Sig' e , a seal 

Cymbol, a drum 

Sym hoi a sign 

Dam, a mother 

Damn, to condemn 

Dear, cos ly 

Deer, au animal 

Dew, moisture 

Due, owing 

Dier, one who stains 

Dire, d eadful 

Do, the verb 

Doe, an au mal 

Doueh, unbaked bread 

Doer, a performer 

Door, of an house 

Done, acted 

Dun, a troublesome creditor 

Ear, a pait of the body 

Year, a part of time 

East a point of the compass 

Yeast, what works beer 

Ewe, a sheep 

Yew, a tree 

You, yourself 

Exercise, labour 

Exorcise, to cast out devils 

Eye, the organ of sight 

I, myself 

Faint, weak 

Feint, a pretence 

Fair, beautiful 

Fare, at an entertainment 

Flea, an insect 

Flee, to r«in away 

Flew, did fly 

Flue, soft dowu 

Flower, in a garden 

Flour, to make bread 

Forth, abroad 

Fourth, in number 

Foul, nasty 

Fowl, a bird 

Gesture, carriage 

Jeser, one who jests 

Gilt, with gold 

Guilt, sin 

Glair, the white of eggs 

Glare, ereat brightness 

Grate, for burning coals, tea 

Great, large 

Grater, for nutmegs 

Greater, larger 

Groan, to sigh deeply 

Grown, increased 

Hail, to salute 

Hale, strong 

Hal'low, to make holy 

Hoi'low, empty 

Hart, an animal 

Heart, a part of the body 

Art, verb to be 

Hear, to hearken 

Here, in this place 

Heard, did hear 

Herd, of cattle 

Hew, to cut 

Hue, a colour 

Hie, to make haste 

High, lofty 

Higher, more high 

Hire, wages 

Him, that man 

Hymn, a divine song 

Hoar, white 

Whore, a lewd woman 

Hole, a hollow place 

Whole, perfect 

Hoop, for a barrel 

Whoop, to shout 

Hour, a part of time 

Our, of us 

Idle, lazy 

I'dol, an image 

I'll, I will 

[ **ii J 

Isle, an island 

Aile, of a church, &c. 

In, within 

Inn, for travellers 

Ingenious, of quick part* 

Ingenuous, candid 

Kill, to murder 

Kiln, for brie s, &c. 

Knave, a rascal 

Nave, part of a wheel 

Knew, did know 

New, fresh 

Knight, a title 

Tv ight, a part of time 

Knot, to make knots 

Not, a negative 

Know, to understand 

No, not so 

Lain, did lie 

Lane, a narrow road 

Leak, to let in cr out 

Leek, a pot herb 

Lease of a house, &c. 

Leash, three 

Less'en, to make less 

Lesson, a task 

Liar, who tens lies 

Lier, in wait 

Lyre, an instrument 

Limb, a member 

Limn, to draw 

Lo! behold! 

Low, humble 

Loathe, to dislike 

Loth, unwil'ing 

Loose, to slacken 

Lose, to suffer loss 

Made, did make 

Maid, a virgin 

Mail, armour 

Male, the he 

Main, chief 

Mane of a horse 

Mare, a female herse 

Mayor, of a town 

Mean, low 

Mien, aspect 

Meat, food 

Meet, fit 

Mete, to measure 

Mes'sage, an errand 

Mes'suage, a house 

MetAl. eoid.&c. 

Mettle, spirit 

Might, power 

Mite, an insect 

More, in number 

Moor, a black person 
Vlower, one who mows 
Naujht. bad 
Nought, nothing 
Near, nigh 
Ne'er never 
Oar. to row with 

'er. over 
Ore, of metals 
Of, concerning 
Off, from 
Oh! alas! 

Owe, to be indebted 
O.e, in number 
Won, did win 
Order, method 
Or'duie, dung 
Pai.. a wooden vessel 
Pa e, whitish 
fain, torment 
Pane, a square of glass 
Pair, a couple 
Pare, to cutoff 
Pear, a fruit 
Palate, taste 
Pal l.tte, a little bed 
Peai, upon i>ells 
Peel, nnd 
;rer, a iord 
Pier, of a bridge 
Place, of abode, &c» 
Pla ce, a fish 
Plain, even 

Plane, to make smooth 
PlaL, a told 
Plate, wrought silver 
Pole, a loru- stick 
Poll, the head 
Pore, of the skin 
Pour, to fall heavily 
Prac'tice, use 
Prar'tise, :o exercise 
Pra> , to beseech 
Prey, a booty 
Prir/eipal, chief 
Principle the first cause 
Pr6fii , gain 

1 roLi'het, one who foretels. 
Rain, watei 
Reign, rule 
Raise, to lift up 
Rays, of the sun 
Raze, to destroy 
Rais'in. a dried grape 
Reason, a cause 
Read, did read 
Red, a colour 


Rice, a sort of grain 

Ri^e, au increase 

Kite, a ceieuiony 

Ri-.'lit. true 

AViite, with a pen 

Road, a way 

Rode, did ride 

Roe. an animal 

Row, of trees, &c. 

Rouzh, uneven 

Huff, an ornament 

Scene a sight 

been, behod 

Scent, a smell 

Sent, did send 

Sea, the ocean 

See, to observe 

Seam, in a coat 

Seem, to appear. 

Seas treat waters 

Sees, doth *ee 

Seize, to lay hola of 

Slow, dull 

Sloe, a fruit 

Soared did soar 

Sword, a weapon 

Some, a pa. t 

Sum, the amount 

Son, a ma'e child 

Sun, the cause of light 

So n, quic ly 

Swoon to faint 

Stair, a step 

Stare, to look stedfastly 

8" tic, for a passage 

Style, manner of writing 

Succour, help 

Sucker, a young twig 

Tacks, small nails 

Tax, a duty 

Tail, the end 

Tale, a sioiy 

Tare, weight allowed 



Tear, to rend 
Team, of horses 
Teem, to abound 
Their, of them 
There, in that place 
1 hi one, a sea-, of siata 
Thrown, cast 
Thyme, an herb 
Time, an hour, &c. 
Tide, a flux of the sea 
Tied, bound 
To, unto 
Toe, of the foot 
Tow, hemp dressed 
Too, likewise 
Two, a couple 
Told, related 
Tolled, as a hell 
Vain, fruitless 
Vane, a weathercock 
Vein, for the blood 
Vale, a valley 
Vail, to cover 
Vial, or Phial, a bottle 
Viol, an instrument 
Wail, to lament 
Wale, a rising part 
Whale, a fish 
Wain, a waggon 
Wane, a -decrease 
Weak . feeble 
Week, seven days 
Ware, merchandize 
Wear, to waste 
Were, plural of was 
Where, in what place 
Whist, a game 
Wist, knew 
Wood, timber 
Wou'd, would 
Yarn, spun wool 
Yearn, to moan 
Earn, to get by labour 

Used for Dispatch in Writing 

A. B. or B. A. Bachelor of Arts 

Abp. Archbishop 

A. D. in he Yearof our Lord 

A. M. or M. A. Master of A« ts 

A. \i. before Noon 

A. M. in the Year of the World 

A. P. G. Professor of Astronomy in 
Gresham College 

B. L>. Bachelor of Divinity 
Bp. Bishop 

B. V. M. Blessed Virgin Mary 

C. stands for One Hundred 

I »i* 3 

Cwt. an Hundred "Weight, or 112 

Capt. Captain 

C. C. C. Corpus Christi College 
Cent, an Hund ed 
Col. Colonel 
C. P. S. Keeper of the Privy Seal 

C. S. Keeper >f ihe Seals 

D. in Number 500 

D. D. Doctor of Divinity 
Dec. December 

Dep. Deputy 
Deut. Deuteronomy 
Ditto, or Do. the same 
Du. Duke 
Dukm. Dukedom 

E. East 
E. Earl 

E. A. P. Priest of the Church of Eng- 

Edin. Edinburgh 

Edm. Edmund 

Edw. Edward 

e.g. or ex. gr. for example 

Eliz. Elizabeth 

Eng. England 

Engr. Engineer 

Ep. Epistle 

Esq. Esquire 

Ex. Example 

Exon. Exeter 

Expl. Explanation 

Exec. Executor 

Feb. February 

Fred. Frederick' 

F. K. S. Fellow of the Royal Society 
F. S. A. Fellow of the Antiq. Society ' 
Gab. Gabriel 

Gail. Gallon 1 

Gen. General 

Genmo. Generalissimo 

Genr. Gentleman 

Geo. George 

Gov. Governor 

Gr. Grains or Gross 

Greg. Gregory 

Hants. Hampshire 

Hon. Honourable 

Hond. Honoured 

I. in Number I 

Ibid, in the same Place 

Id. the same 

i. e. that is 

J. H. S. Jesus the Saviour of Men 

Imp. Imperial 

Inst. Instant 

Ja. James 

Jac. Jacob 

Jan. January 

J . D. Doctor of Law 

J. N. R. J. Jesus of Nazareth King of 

the Jews 
J. U. D. Doctor of Civil and Canon 

Kath. Katharine 
Knt. Knight 
L. in Number 50 
L. or I. a Pound Sterling 
lb. a Pound Weight 
L.C. J. Lord Chief Justice 
Leo. Leonard 
Lieut. Lieutenant 
L. J. C. Lo d Jesus Christ 
LL. D. Doctor of Law* 
Loud. London 
L. S. the Place of the Seal 
Rff. in Number 10Q0 
M. A. Master of Arts 
Mad. Madam 
Mat. Matthew 
Math. Mathematics 
M. D. Doctor of Physic 
Middx. Middlesex 
Mons. Monsieur 
Mr. Master 
Mrs. Mistiess 

M. S. Sacred to the Memory 
MS. Manuscript 
MSS. Manusciipts 
N. B. note, or mark well 
N. S. New Stile 
Nov. November 
Oct. October 
O. S. Old Stile 
Oxon. Oxfoid 
Oz. Ounce 
P. Iff-. Afternoon 
P. S. Postscript 
Q. D. as much as to say 
Q. E. D. which was to be demonstrated 
Rev. Reverend 
S. Saint 

S. T. P. Professor of Divinity 
"V. the Number 5 
W West 
Wp. Worship 
Wpl. Worshipfux 
X- in Number 10 
Xt. Christ 
Xtmas, Christmas 
Yd. Yard 
Yds. Yards 
& and 
&c. and so forth 



Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, me, her — chfn, chine, field, shirt — ■ 

A a, an article used before a word 
•**-? in the singular, and beginning 
with a consonant, is a contraction of 
an, as in a man, a tree. Sometimes 
a is a contraction of at, on. or in, as 
in, he is a hunting, she in abed, I saw 
him aboard that ship. Sometimes 
a denotes proportion, as in, he has 
200 a year, that is $s. a yard 
Aback, a-bak', ad. back, behind 
Abacus, abCakus, s. a counting table 
Abaft, a-baf 't, ad. from the forepart of 

the ship, towards the stern 
Abaisance, S-basens, ,<?. a congee 
Abalienate, ab al-i-gn-et, v. a. to change 

Abandon, a-ban' don, v. a to desert 
Abandoned, a biin'-dond, part, desert- 
ed, wicked [low 
Abase, a-base, v. a. to depress, to bring 
Abasement, ab-ase-mSnt, *. humilia- 
tion, depression 
Abash, a-bash', v. a. to make ashamed 
Abate, a-bate, v. a. to lessen. — v.n. to 

grow less 
Abb, ab, s. yarn on a weaver's warp 
Abbacy, ab' b'a-syy s. possessions or 
privileges of an abbot, an abbot's re- 
Abbess,?' 'bes,s. a superior of a nunnery 
Abbey, ab'-btf, s. a monastery of religi- 
ous persons [men 
Abbot, ab'-bot, v. chief of a convent of 
Abbreviate, ab-brevyate, v.n. to shorten 
Abbreviation, ab-brtv-ya'-shiin, *. the 
act of shoitening " [abridges 
Abbreviator, ab-brtv-ya'-tor, s. one who 
Abbreviature, ab bre-vya-turf , s. mark 
Abdicate, t.b'-di-kxte ,v.a .to give up right 
Abdication, ab-df-ka -shun, s. the act of 
abdicating [or implies an abdication 
Abdieative, ab-d^k'-a tfv, a. that causes 
Abdomen, ab-do'-men, s. thejower part 
of the belly [the abdomen 
Abdominal, ab-dom'-f-nal, a. relating to 

Abduce, ab-dus<?, v.a. to separate 
Abducent, ab-du-sent, a. drawing or 

pulling back [iag baclc 

Abduction, ab-dlik'-shtin,f. act of draw- 
Abductor, ab-duk'-tor, s. any muscle 

that contracts 
Abecedarian, a-bej-se-da'-ryan, s. person 

that teaches the alphabet 
Abecedary, a be-sed'-ar-y, a. relating to 

the alphabet 
Abed, S-bed, ad. in bed [the right way 
Aberrant, ab-er-rent, a. wandering from 
Aberration, ab-erra" shun, *. 'act of de- 
viating from the common track 
Abet, abet', v.a. to help [another 

Abettor, a bgt-tor, s. the encouiager of 
Abeyance, a ba'-yens^ s. expectation of 

a reversion 
Abhor, ab-hor', v.a. to detest, to loathe 
Abhorrent, ab hor'-re'nt, a. inconsistent 

with, detesting 
Abide, a-bl uV, v.n. to dwell in a place 
Abject, ab' dzhekt, a. mean, servile 
Abject, ab-dzheVt, v. a. to throw away 
Abjection, ab-dzhek'-shun, s. servility, 

Al ility, a b\Y-\ ty, $, pow-er, capacity 
Abintestate, ab In-teY-Ut, a. inheriting 

from one dying without a will 
Abjuration, ab-dzhu ru-shun,s. renounc- 
ing with an oath [oath 
Abjure, ab' dzhu'rp, v. a. to retract upon 
Ablactate, ab \^k'-t\te,v. a. to wean 
Ablactation, ab-lak ta'-shun, s. the 

weaning of a child 
Ablaqueatipn, ab la-kwf-*'slron, ?. the 

act of laying bare the roots of trees 
Ablation, lb-la 1 shi'!n,?.act of takrngaway 
Ablative, ab -la-ttv', a. that takes away, 

the sixth case of the Latin nouns 
Able, a'-bl, a. capable to perform 
Able-bodied,abl bbd'-Ydjcrstrongofbody 
Ablegate, ab'-le-gatf, v.a. to send abroad 

upon some employment 

ABS [ 2 ] ACA 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— mSt, desist, m£, her— chin, chine, field, shirt— 

Ablegation, ab-le-ga'-shun, 5. a sending 
abroad [or body 

Ableness, fc'-bl-ne's, s. strength of mind 
Ablepsy, a-blep-sy", s. want of sight 
Ablocate, £b'-lo kate, t) a. to let out to 
hire [of cleaning 

Abluent, fcb-lu-e'nt, a. having the power 
Ablution, ab-lu' shtin, s. act of cleasing 
Abnegate, ab'-ne-gate, v. a. to deny 
Abengation, &b-ne-ga-shun, s. denial 
Aboard, a-bo'rd, ad. in a ship 
Abode, a-bo'de, pret. of abide. — s. ha- 
bitation, dwelling [destroy 
Abolish, a-bcU'-'ish, v. a. to annul, to 
Abolition, Sb-o-ttsh'un, s. act of abo- 
lishing [able, horrible 
Abominable, ab-bm'-fn abl. a. detest- 
Abominate, a-bom'-'in-ate, v. a. to abhor, 
detest, hate utterly [polution 
Abomination, a-bbm-ln-a-shun, s.hatred, 
Aborigines, ab-n-rtdzh'-'i'n-ez, s. original 

inhabitants of a country 
Abortion, ftb-b'r-shun, s. miscarriage 
Abortive, ab-b'r-ttv, a. unsuccessful, 

Above, £-bov', prep, higher in place, 
power, or excellence. — arf.over head, 
in the regions of Heaven 
Above-board, a-b6v'-bord, in open sight 
Abound, a-b5u'nd, i. n. to have in great 
plenty [circularly, nearly 

About,a-bbu't,jore£>.round,near to — ad. 
Abracadabra, ab-ra-ka-da-br&, s. super- 
stitious charm against agues [degrees 
Abrade, ab-ra'de, v. a. to wear away by 
Abrasion, ab-ra-zhun, s. a rubbing off 
Abreast, a-br&t', ad. side by side 
Abridge, a-brfdzh', v. a. to shorten 
Abridgement, ab ridzh'-ment, s. a work 
abridged [run out 

Abroach, a-bro'tsh, ad. in a posture to 
Abroad, a-brad, ad. in another coun- 
try, without [annul 
Abrogate, ab'-ro-gate, v. a. to repeal, to 
Abrogation, ab-ro-ga-shun, s. act of re- 
Abrupt, &b-rtip't, a. hasty, sudden 
Abruption, ab-rup'-shtin, s. violent and 
sudden separation [body 
Abscess, ab'-sfes, s. morbid cavity in the 
Abscind, ab-smd', v. a. to cut off 
Abscissa, ftb-sls'-sS, s- part of the diame- 
ter of a conic section [off 
Abscission, ab-si'sh -tin, s. act of cutting 
Abscond, ab-skbnd', v. a. to hide one's 
self [inattention 
Absence, ab'-s&as s. not being present, 

Absent, ab'-sent, a. not present, inat- 
Absent, ab-s^nt', v. a. to withdraw 
Absentee, ab-sen-te', s. one who does not 

appear [pregnated with wormwood 
Absinthiated, ab-s1n'-thVa-t£d, part, im- 
Absist,&b-sist', v.n to leave off,to desist 
Absolve, ab-zblv', v.a. to pardon,forgive 
Absolute, ab'-so-lute, a. arbitrary 
Absolution, ab-so-lu'-shtin, s. acquittal, 

forgiveness [solves 

Absolutory, aNs61'-u-t6r-y, ad. that ab- 
Absonant, aV-so-nent, a. absurd, con 

trary to reason 
Absorb, ab-sb'rb, v. a. to suck up [up 
Absorbent ,ab-s8'r-be'nt,s.thatwhich dries 
Absorpt, ab-sb'rpt, part, swallowed up 
Absorption, ab-sbrp' -shtin, s. the act of 

swallowing up [keep from 

Abstain, ab-stane, v. n. to forbear, to 
Abstemious, ab-st6'm-yus, a. sober, ab- 
stinent [ing off 
Abstention, ab-sten'-shun, s. act of hold- 
Absterge, ab-ster'dzh, v. a. to cleanse 

by wiping [purify 

Absterse, Sb-sters', v. a. to cleanse, to 
Abstersion, ab-ster'-shun, s. act of 

cleansing [■power of cleansing 

Abstersive, ab-steY-siv, a. having th* 
Abstinent, ab's-tf-nent, a. temperate 
Abstract, ab'-strak't, v. a. to separate, 

reduce to an epitome,' [tome 

Abstract, Sb's-trakt, s. abridgement, epv 

refined [stracting, absence of thought 
Abstraction, ab-str'ak'-shtin, s. act of ab» 
Abstractive, ab-strak'-tvv, a. having th« 

power of abstracting 
Abstruse, ab-st'rus, a. hidden, difficult 
Abstrusity, ab-stru's-l-t^, s. abstruseness 
Absume, ab-su'me,t>.tf.towastegradually 
Absurd, ab-surd', a. contrary to reason 
Absurdity, ab-sur'-df-tyvs. inconsistency 
Abundance, ab-und'-ens, s. great plenty 
Abundant, a-bun'-dent, a. plentifu ■ , 

fully stored [with rudeness 

Abuse,' &-buse, v. a. to deceive, to treat 
[Abuse, a-bu'se, s. ill treatment 
'Abusive, a-bu'-sfv, a. containing abuse, 

deceitful [terminate 

Abut, a-btit', v. n. to border upon, to 
Abutment, a. bat ment, s. which joins 

to something 
Abyss, a-b\s', s. great depth, gulph 
Acacia, a-ka-sh-ya, $. an Egyptian drug 
Academian, ak-a-de'-myaji, «, a scholu 
" of an academy 


t 3 ] 


shtft, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Academic, Sk-adem'-tk, a. relating to an 
university— s. studentof an university 
Academician, ak-a-de-mtsh'-an, s. mem- 
ber ©f an academy 
Academy, a-kad'-e"-my, s. a school 
wherein the liberal arts and sciences 
are taught [breech 

Acanthus, a-kan'-thus, 5. the herb bear s 
Accede, ak-se'de, v. n. to be added to, 

to come to 
Accelerate, ak-s81'-er-ate, v. n. to hasten 
Acceleration, ak-sel-er-a'-shun, s. act of 
quickening motion [fire 

Accend, ak-send', v. a. to kindle, set on 
Accension,ak-sen'-shun,s. act of kindling 
Accent, ak'-sent, s. a mark upon sylla- 
bles, modification of the voice 
Accent, ak-sent', v.a. to note the accent 
Accentuate, ak-s2n-tu-ate, v.a. to place 

the accent properly 
Accentuation, ak-sen-tu-a-shun, s. act of 

placing the accent 
Accept, ak-sSpt', v. a. to take, to receive 
Acceptability, ak-sep-ta-Mmy\ s. qua- 
lity of being acceptable [agreeable 
Acceptable, ak-sep-ta-b'l, a. pleasing, 
Acceptance, ak-s&p -tanee, s. admission, 

Acceptation, ak-sep-ta'-shtin, s. a recep- 
tion, the meaning of a word 
Access, ak-'sgs, s. admittance to a per- 
son or place 
Accessary, ak-ses-sar-y", s. he who is not 
the chief agent in a crime but con- 
tributes to it. — a. additional, helping 
forward [approached 

Accessible, ak-se's'-s'fbl, a. that may be 
Accession, ak-sfesh'un, s, the act of ar- 
riving at {adding to 
Accessory, ak'-se's-sor-y', a. joining or 
Accidence, ak'-st-dens, s. the first rudi- 
ments of grammar 
Accident, ik'-st-dent, s. property of a 

word, what happens unforeseen 
Accidental, ak-3l-den'tal, s. property 
nonessential — a. nonessential, casual, 
Accipient, ak-stp-yent, s. a receiver 
Accite, fck-sVte, v. a. to call, summons 
Acclaim, ak-kla'm^, s. a shout of praise 
Acclamation,ak-kla-ma'-shun,9. applause 
Acclivity, ak-kh'v'- v i-ty\ s. ascent of a hill 
Acclivous, ak-kli-vus, a. rising with a 

Aedoy, ak-kltfV, v. n. to satiate [hurry 
Aceoil, ak-ktoi', v.ri. to bustle about, to 
Accolent, ak'-ko-leirt, *. a borderer 

Accommodate, ak-kttm'-md-date, v. a 
to supply with conveniences of any 
kind [able, fit 

Accommodate, ik-kom'-mo-det, a. suit 
Accommodation, ak-kom'-mo-da-shttn, s. 
provision of. convenience, reconcilia- 
tion, adjustment [musical addition 
Accompaniment, ak-'kiim-pa-ny'-me'nt, s. 
Accompany, ak-kum'-pa-n^, v. a. to join, 

or go with 
Accomplice, ak-kftm'-plls, s. an associata 
Accomplish, ak-kom'-pltsh, v. a. to exe- 
cute fully [completed, elegant 
Accomplished, ak-kom'-phsh-^d, part. 
Accomplishment, ak-kom'-pllsh-mcnt, s. 
completion [skilled in reckoning 
Accomptant, ak-k<5un-tent, s. a person 
Accord, ak-ktt'rd, v. a. to agree, to ad- 
just— v. n. to agree with [pact 
Accord, &k-k5'rd, s. an agreement, corn- 
Accordance, ak-k&'r-dens, i. agreement, 
conformity [good humour 
Accordant, ak-k f ttr-dent, a. willing, in 
According, ak-kb'r-dfng, part. a. in a 

manner suitable or agreeable to 

Accost, ak-kb'st, v. a. to address, salute 

Account, ak-ko'unt, s. a computation of 

debts, or expences, a narrative. — 

v. a. to esteem, reckon, compute 

Accountable, ak-ko unt-ebl, a. liable to 

give an account 
Accountant, see Accomptant 
Accounting, ak-ko unt-ing, s. act of 
making up accounts [together 

Accouple, ak-k6p'l, v. a. to join, to link 
Accoutre, ak-ko-ter, v.a. to dress, equip 
Accoutrement, ak-ko'-ter-mtnt, s. equi- 
page of soldiers [growing to another 
Accretion, ak-kre'-shun, s. the act of 
Accretive, ak-kre'-ttv, a. growing, that 

which by growth is added 
Accrue, ak-kru', v. n. to arise from 
Accubation, ak-ku ba-shun, s. the an- 
cient posture of leaning at meals 
Accumb, ak-kiimb', v.a. to lean at table 
Accumulate, ak ku mu late, v. a. to 
heap together [of accumulating 

Accumulation, ak-k6-mu la shun, s. act 
Accumulative, ak-ku'-mu-la tfv, a. tha* 
which increases [who accumulates 
Accumulator, ak kii mu la-t6r, s. he 
Accuracy, ak' kur-a-sy 1 , s. exactness, 

Accurate, ak-ku-ret, a. exact 
Accurse, ak.kur's,.i\ a. to doom to mi- 
B 2 


t 4 ] 


Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her — clan, chine, field, shirt- 

Accursed, ak kur se"d, part, doomed to 

miseiy, execrable, hateful [charge 

Accusation, ak ku za' shun, s. a criminal 

Accusative, ak kii'-za tfv, a. the fourth 

case of a. noun in Latin 
Accusatory, ak ku zS-tur-y, a. contain- 
ing an accusation [censure 
Accuse, ak kti'sr, v. a. impeach, blame, 
Accuser, ak ku -zer, s. one who brings 
a charge against another [tuate 
Accustom, ak-kws'-tom, v. a, to habi- 
Accustomary, ak-kiis' tom-ar-y,a. usual, 
practiced [to custom, frequent, usual 
Accustomed, iik ktis'-tomd, a. according 
Ace, asp, s. single point on cards, a 
small quantity [head 
Acephalous, a-sef'-al-us, a. without a 
Acerb, a-ser'b, a. bitter, sour, severe 
Acerbity, a ser'-bt t.?, s. rough sour 

taste, sharpness of temper 
Acervate, a-ser vate, v. a. to heap up 
Acervation, a-ser-va'-shun, s. a heaping 
together [ness 

Acessent, a se's'-se'nt, a. tending to sour- 
Acetose, as-e-tose, a. having a sour 

Acetous, a se'-tus, s. sour, acid 
Ache, a'kp, s. continued pain. — v. n. to 

be in continued pain 
Achieve, at-tshi'vf , v. a. to perform 
Achievement, at tshive'-ment, s. a per- 
formance, an escutcheon 
Achor, a'-kor, *. a species of the herpes 
Acid, as' id, a. sour, sharp, biting 
-Acidity, as id' Y-ttf/. sharpness, sourness 
Acid u It, as-id' u-le, s. medicinal springs 

impregnated with sharp particles ' 
Acidulate, as-fd'-u-late, v. a. to make 

sour in a slight degree 
Acknowledge, ak nol' Sdzh, v. a. to con- 
fess, to be grateful 
Acknowledging, ak-nbT-e'dzh-'ing, a. 
grateful, confessing [confession 

Acknowledgment, ak nol-e'dzh'-meiit, s. 
Acme,*k' mcV. height of any.thing,crisis 
Acolythist, a-kol' ytliist, s. one of the 

lowest order in the Romish church 
Aconite, ak' 6 mte, s. herb wolf's-bane, 
poison in general [the oak 

Acorn, a' korn, 4. the -seed or fruit of 
Acoustics, akoustiks, s. doctrine or 
theory of sounds, medicines to help 
the hearing [known, to inform 

Acquaint, ak-kwa'nt, v. «. to make 
Acquaintance, ak kwa'n tens, s. famili- 
arity, fellowship, a person with whom 
we associate 

Acquainted, ak-kwan-tgd, a. familiar, 

well known 
Acquest, ak kwe'st', s a thing sained 
Acquiesce,akkw l i-e's,i\/z.toyield,comply 
Acquiescence, ak kwl-e^s sens,' .s. sub- 
mission, content [labour or power 
Acquire, ak kwi re, v. a. to gain by one's 
Acquisition, ak kwi zlsh'-tin, s. a thing 

Acquisitive, ak kwtz'-Y Viv, a. gained 
Acquit, ak kwftf, v. a. to -set free or dis- 
charge, clear from guilt or obligation 
Acquittal, ak kwtt tal, s. deliverance 
from an offence [ a receipt for a deb* 
Acquittance, ak-kwlt' tens, s. a release, 
Acre, a'-ker, a quantity of land forty 
perches long and four broad, or 4340 
square yards 
Acrid, ak' fid, a. of a hot biting taste 
Acrimonious, ak-rt mo'-nyus, a. sharp, 
corrosive [corrosiveness 

Acrimony, ak'-rt-m6n-y, s. sharpness, 
Acritude, ak'-rttude", s. acrid taste 
Acroamatical, ak'roa-mat -lk-al, a. per- 
taining to deep learning 
Across, a-krd's, ad. athwart, crosswise 
Acrostic, akro's-ttk, s. poem in which 
the first letter in every line being' 
taken makes up a name 
Act, ak't, v. n. to be in action, not to 
rest.— v. a. to imitate. — s. deed, ex- 
ploit, uninterrupted part of a play, a 
decree of Tarliament 
Action, ak'-shtin, s. thing done, gesticu- 
lation, suit at law, a battle [by law- 
Actionable, ak' shun abl, a. punishable 
Actionary, ak'-sh*ui-a r^, s. one that 

holds public stock 
Active, &k'-ttv, a. busy, nimble, quick 
Activeness, ak-tiv' nes, s. nimbleness, 

Activity, ak ttv'-f-ty 1 , s. nimbleness 
Actor, ak'-tor, s. one that performs 
Actress, ak'-tre's, s. a female actor 
Actual, ak' tfe-al, a. real, certain 
Actuary, ak'-tu ar-^, s. a register or 

clerk of a court 
Actuate, ak'-tfr-ate, v.n. to put in action 
Acuate, ak' u ate, v. a. to sharpen 
Aculeate, a-ku'-lyet, a. having a sharp 
point [rata'ieZ»/,quickness of intellect* 
Acumen,a.kCi'-me'n,s. a sharp ^o\nt, figu- 
Acuminated, a-ku'-nvin a-t&d, part, end- 
ing in a point 
Acute, a-kfct'te, a. sharp, keen 
Acuteness, ak'-ute-nes, s. sagacity, 


[ 5 ] 


shot, note, 16se, actor— htit, push, mute, fur — truly", rye — thus, thick. 

Adacted, a-dak'-ted, part, driven by 

Adage, ad'-e'dzh, $. a maxim, a proverb 
Adaeio, a-dTi'-dzho, s. in music a lerm 
for slow time [loadstone 

Adamant, ad'-a mant, s. the diamond, 
Adamantean, ad-a man-te an, s. hard 
as adamant (or like adamant 

Adamantine, ad a-man'-tin, a. made of 
Adapt, a-dap't, t. a. to fit, to suit 
Adaptation, ad-ap ta-shun, s. the act of 

Add, ad', v. a. to join to, to increase 
Addecimate, ad-dis'-im ate, v.a. to take 
or ascertain tithes [count 

Addeem, adde'me, v. a. to esteem, ac- 
Adder, ad'-der, s. a serpent, a viper 
Adder's-grass, ad'-derz gras, s. a plant 
Adder's-tongue, ad'-derz-tong, s. an herb 
Adder*s-wort, ad'-dtrz wtirt, s. an herb 
Addible,ad'-dibl, a. that which may be 
added [dicate 

Addict, ad-dikt\t\ a. to devote, to de- 
Additament, ad'-dt-ta-mL-nt', s. addi- 
tion, the thing added 
Addition, ad dish'-iin, s. the act of add- 
ing one thing to another, thing added 
Additional, ad-dish' tin-al, a. that is 

Addle, ad'l, a. barren, empty, origi- 
nally applied to eggs, and signifying 
such as produce nothing 
Addle-pated, ad'l pa-ted, a. empty- 
headed, weak 
Address, ad-drts', v. a. to prepare one's 
self to enter upon any action, to ap- 
ply to another by words. — s. a verbal 
application, courtship, manner of ad- 
dressing another, skill, dexterity 
Adduce, ad-du'si 5 , v.a. to bring in,allege 
Adducent, ad-du sent, a. any muscle 

that contracts 
Addulce, ad-dul's, v. a. to sweeten 
Ademption, a dcmp'-shtin, s. a privation 
Adenography, ad-e nog'-graf-y\ s. a trea- 
tise of the glands [in his art 
Adept, &d-ep.'t, s. a person well versed 
Adequate, ad'-e-kwat, a. equal to, pro- 
Adfected, £d-fek'-ted, a. compounded 
Adhere, Sd-here, v. n. to stick to, to 

remain fixed to a party or opinion 
Adherence, ad-htr' ens, s. attachment 
Adherent, ad he'-rent, a. sticking to, 
uaited with. — s. a follower, a partisan 
Adhesion, ad-he'-shun, s. act or state of 
sticking to 

Adhesive, ad-he'-siv, s. sticking to, te- 
nacious [make use of 
Adhibit, adhm'-tt, v a. to apply to, to 
Adhibition, ad-hlb'ish'-un, &. applica- 
tion, use 
Adjacent, ad-dzha'-stnt, a. laying close 
to, bordering upon something. — 5. 
that which lies next another 
Adiaphorous, a di-af-6-rus, a. neutral 
Adiaphory, a-di-af'-ory, s. neutrality, 
indifference [put to 
Adject, ad-dzhe'ct', i\ a. to add to, to 
Adjection, ad-dzhgk'-shiin, s. the act of 
adding [ed, thrown in 
Adjectitious, ad'-dzheV-tish'us, a. add- 
Adjective, ad'-dzhgk-ttv, s. a word add- 
ed to a noun to denote its quality, as 
good, bad, 4 c. 
Adieu, a-du, ad. farewell 
Adjoin, ad-dzhol'n, v. a. to join or unite 
Adjourn, ad-dzhur'n, v. a. to put off, to 
postpone [ting off 
Adjournment, ad-dzhurn'-nient, s. a put- 
Adipose, £d'-i-pose, a. fat, greasy 
Adit, ad'-it, s. a passage underground 
Adjudge, ad-dzhadzh', v. a. to sentence 
to a punishment, to judge, to decree 
Adjudicate, ad dzhu'-dik-ate, v. a. to 

determine by law 
Adjugate, ad'-zhii gate, v. a. to yoke to 
Adjunct, ad'-dzhtingkt, s. something ad- 
herent to another 
Adjunction, ad-dzhungk'-shun, s. act 

of joining, thing joined 
Adjuration, ad,zhu-ra shun, s. the ten- 
dering or taking of an oath, form of 
oath proposed 
Adjure, ad-zhure, v. a. to tender an oath 

and prescribe the form 
Adjust, ad dzhtist', v. a. to regulate, put 
in order, settle [an artificial fountain 
Adjutage, ad'-zdu-tadzh,s. spout fitted to 
Adjutant, ad'-zhu-tant, s. military offi- 
cer who assists the major 
Adjute, ad-dzhut, v. a. to help, concur 
Adjutor, ad dzhu-tor, s. a helper [ful 
Adjuvant, ad-dzhu vaot, a. helpful,use- 
Adjuvate, ad'-zhu vate, v.a. to help, to 
further [by generals to their armies 
Adlocutiou,adl6ku'shim,s. speech made 
Admeasure, ad-mezh'-ur, r. a. to mea- 
sure by rule 
Admeasurement, Sd-m zh-ur'-mnt, s. 

measuring by a standard 
Admensuration, ad men-sur-a-shun, i 
the act of measuring to each his Dai* 

ADS [ 6 ]., ADV 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — me*t, desist, me, her— chin, chine, field, shirt 

Administer, ad-ihin'-is-ter, v. «. to act 

as minister or agent, to officiate 
Administration, ad-m in -Ts-tra shun, s. 

tiie act of administering 
Administrative, ad-mtn-ls tra-tiv, a. 

that which administers 
Administrator, ad-m?n'-fs-tra'-tor, s. he 
that administers in consequence of a 
will, that officiates in divine rites 
Administratrix, ad-mfn'-is-tra triks, s. a 

female administrator 
Admirable, ad'-mir-ab 1, a. to be admired 
Admiral, ad'-mt-ial.s. principal sea officer 
Admiralty, ad'-inf-ral-t?, s. the supreme 
office for the superintendence of na- 
val affairs [admiring, wonder 
Admiration, Xd mi ra-shtin, s. the act of 
Admire, ad mi're, v. a. to regard with 
wonder,, to esteem ("may be admitted 
Admissible, ad-mis'-stbl, a. that which 
Admission, ad'-mT-shon, 5. the act of ad- 
mitting, allowance of an argument 
Admit, ad mtt', v. a. to let in, to grant, 

to allow an argument or position 
Admittance, ad-mlt'-tens, s. a power of 

entering, act of entering 
Admix, ad-miks', v. a. to mingle with 
Admixtion, ad-mtks'-tshtin, s. union of 
one body with another [mixed 

Admixture, ad-m'iks' turf , s. the bodies 
Admonish, ad-mon'^sh^ v. a. to reprove 
gently, to caution [counsel 

Admonition, ad-mo-ni'-shtin, s. advice, 
Admonitory, ad mon'-l-tor-yV a. that ad- 
Adnoun, ad'-noun, s. an adjective 
Ado, a-dft', s. trouble, bustle, tumult 
Adoiescence,a-dol" 6s -sens, s. the prime 

of youth 
Adopt, a-dftpt', v. a. to take a child' by 
choice and make it one's own thoueh 
not so by birth, to embrace any parti- 
cular method or manner [of adopting 
Adoption, a-dop'-shttn, s. the act or state 
Adorable, ad'-o-ra-b'l , a. worthy of ado- 
ration [mage paid to the divinity 
Adoration, ad-6-ra-shun, s. worship, ho- 
Adore, a-do'n?, v. a. to worship 
.Adorn, a-d<Vrn, v. a. to dress, to decorate 
Adorning, a-dbrn'-mg, s. ornament, em- 
bellishment fthe ground 
A down, a-down, prep, down, towards 
Adrift, a-drift', ad. floating at random 
Adroit, a-droft, a. active, skilful 
Adry, a-dry', ad. athirst, thirsty. 
Adscititious, ad-sl-tf sh'-us, a. borrowed, 

Adstriction, ad-strtk'-shtin, s. the act ot 

binding together 
Advance, ad-vans, v. a. to bring for 
ward, prefer. — v. n to come forward, 
make improvement. — s. the act of 
coming forward, progression, improve- 
ment [ment, improvement 
Advancement, ad-vaffis'-ment, s. prefer- 
Advantage, ad-van' •te'dzlv. superiority, 
opportunity, gain.— v. a. to benefit/to 
promote, to bring forward 
Advantageous, ad-van-ta'-dzhus, a. pro- 
fitable, useful [to 
Advene, ad-ve'ne, v. v. to be superadded 
Advenient, ad-ven'-yent, a. superadded 
Advent, ad'-vent, s. the four weeks be- 
fore Christmas ; it means the coming, 
that is, the coming of our Saviour 
Adventitious, ad-ven-tl'sh'-us, a. acci- 
dental, casual, extrinsically added 
Adventual, ad-veri'tu-al, a. relating to 

the season of Advent 
Adventure, ad-ven'-ture, s. accident, 
chance, hazard. — v. n. to try the 
chance, to dare 
Adventurer, ad-vfen'-tur-er, $. one who 

adventures or hazards 
Adventurous, ad-ven'-tur-us, a. daring, 

courageous, dangerous 
Adventuresome, ad ven'-tur-som, a. dar- 
ing, courageous 
Adverb, ad'-verb, s. a word joined to a 
verb or adjective to denote the man- 
ner, time, &c. of an action 
Adverbial, ad-ver'b-yal, a. having the 

quality of an adverb 

Addressable, ad-ver'-sebl, a. contrary to 

Adversaria, ad-ver-sa'-rya, s. a common 

place book [antagonist, enemy 

Adversary , ad-veY sar f, s. an opponent, 

Ad verse, 'ad -vers, a. contrary, calamitous 

Adversity, ad-ver'-sl'-ty, s. calamity, 

misfortune [regard, to heed 

Advert, ad-vert', v. n. to attend to, to 

Advertency, ad-ver-ten-sy", s. attention, 

heedfu ness [heedful 

Advertent, ad-ver'-tent, a. attentive, 

Advertise, ad-ver-ti'ze, v. a. to inform, 

to give public notice 
Advertisement, ad-ver-tflz'-ment, s. in- 
formation, notice [notice 
Advertising, ad-vex-ti'-zmg, a. giving 
Advice, ad-vl'se, s. counsel, instruc- 
tion, notice [what is b*?sfc 
Advisable, ad-viz'-a-bl, a. prudent. 
Advise, ad-vi'ze, v. a. to counsel, to in- 
form.^-*?, consult, to consider 


I 7 ] 


shttt, note, lose, actor — htit, push, mute, fur — truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Advised, ad-vl'-zgd, part, acting with 

deliberation, prudent [compliment 
Adulation, ad-u-la-shun, s. flattery, high 
Adulator, ad'-u-la-tor, s. flatterer. 
Adulatory, ad"-u-la-t6r-y, a. Mattering 
Adult, a-diilt', a. grown up, past the 

age of infancy -s. a person above the 

age of infancy. 
Adulterate, a-diil'-ter-ate, commit 

adultery,corruptby foreignadmixture 
Adulterate, a-duj'-ter-at, a. tainted with 

the guilt of adultery, corrupted with 

foreign admixture 
Adulteration, a-did-ter-ashun, s. the 

act of corrupting by mixture 
Adulterer, a-dul'-tcr-er, s. a man guilty 

of adultery [guilty of adultery 

Adulteress, a-dul'-ter-£s, >. a woman 
Adulterous, a-dul'-ter-us, a. guilty of 

adultery plating the marriage bed 
Adultery, a dul'-ttr-V, 5. the act of via 
Adumbrate, ad lim-'brate, v. a. to sh - 

dow out faintly [sketch 

Adumbration, ad-tim-bra'-shun,s\ a faint 
Adunation, ad-u-na shun, s. state of 

being united, union 
Advocate, ad'-vo-kate, s. a pleader in a 

court of judicature, a vindicator 
Advocation, ad-vo ka-shtin, s the act of 

pleading, plea, apology 
Advowson, ad vow'-z6n, s. right to pre- 
sent to a benefice 
Adure, ii-du're, Adust, ad'-ust, v. n. to 

burn up fed 

Adusted, ad-us'te"d, a. burnt up, scorch- 
Adustible, ad-usttble, a. that may be 

burnt up [burning or drying 

Adustion, ad us'-tshiin, 5. the act of 
Adz, adz', s. a sort of ax 
JEra, e'-ra, s. a date of time 
Aerated, a-e -ra-tPd, a . impregnated with 

air or aerial acid 
Aerial, a-e-ryal, a. belonging to the air 
Aerology, a'-er-bl"-o-dzhv, s. doctrine of 

the air [divining by the air 

Aeromancy, a-er 6 man'sV, s- the art of 
Aerometry, a-er-cW-e-trtf, s. the art of 

measuring the air [through the air 
Aeronaut, a'-er 6-nat, s. one who sails 
Aeroscopy, a-er-bs-koptf, s. the obser- 
vation of the air Tto aerostation 
Aerostatic, a'-er-o-stit'-t-, a. belonging 
Aerostation, a'-er-6-sta'-shtin, s. a passing 

through the air in balloons 
Afar, S-fJt'r, a. a oreat distance 
Ability, af 'fa bil''i-ty, s. easiness of 


Affable, af'febl, a. civil, complaisant 
Affair, af-fare, s. business, thing to be 

managed or transacted. 
Afreet, af-fekt', s. affection, passion— 
v. a. to influence the passions, to as- 
sume [appearance 
Affectation, af-f£k-ta'-shttn, s. artificial 
Affected, af-fe-k'-ted, part, moved, af- 
Affection, af-fe-k'-shun,*. love, kindness 
Affectionate, af-ffck'-shdn-e't, a zealous, 
fond, tender [ed 
Affectioned, af-feY-shdn-e^l, a. conceit- 
Affective, af-fek'-t;tv,a.that which affects 
Affiance, af-ff-ans, s. marriage contract, 

trust, hope — v. a. to confide in 
Affianced, af-fT-ans'-Pd, prep, betrothed 
Affidavit, Sf-fi-da'-vit, s. declaration on 

Afhliation, af-fil-ya-shun, s. adoption 
Afhnage, af'-f:-n£dzh, s. the act of re- 
fining metals 
Affinity, af-ft-n'-f-ttf, s. relation by mar- 
riage, relation to, connection with 
Affirm, af-firm', v. ??. to declare, assert 
confidently — v. a. to ratify or approve 
Affirmance, af-firmens, s.a confirmation 
Affirmation, af firm-a'-shun, s. confirma- 
tion, declaration [or declares 
Affirmative, af firm'-a-tiv, «.that affirms 
Affix, af fiks', v. a. to subjoin, fasten to 
AfHation, af-fla'-shtin, s. the act of 

b eathing upon 
Afflict, af-fltkt', v. a. to grieve, torment 
Afflicted, af fllk' t£d, part, sorrowful, 

Affliction, Sf fftk'-shun, s. calamity, grief 
Afflictive, afilik'-tiv, a. painful, tor- 
Affluence, af-fiu'-ens, 5. plenty, wealth 
Affluent,af'-fl& ^nt,«. abundant, weal thy 
Afflux, af-fluks, Affluxion, af riuk'-shiin, 
5. the act of flowing, what flows to 
another place 
Afford, afford, v. a. to produce, grant, 

to be able to bear certain expeuces 

Afforest, af-fbr 1st, v. a. to turn ground 

into forest [free 

Affranchise, af-fran'-tcMz, v. a. to make 

Affray, af fra', v. a. to fright, to terrify 

— s. great tumult, quarrel 
Affright, af fri'te, v. a. to alarm, to ter- 
rify — s. terror, fear 
Affront, affront', v. a. to provoke, to 
insult,to offend — insult, an act of 
contempt [the quality of affronting 
Affronting,af-fr6nt' fng, £**/£. a. that hai 

AGG [ 8 ] AGR 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chm, chine, field, shirt- 

Affuse, af-fu'ze,t>. a. to pour one thing 

on another [fusing 

Affusion, af-fu'-zhun, s. the act of af- 

A field, a'-feld, ad. to, or in the field, 

Afloat, a-flote, ad. floating 
Afoot, a-fiit', ad. on foot, in action 
Afore, a-fo're, prep, before, sooner in 
time [fitted or prepared 

Aforehand, a-fo're-hand, ad. previously 
Aforesaid, a-fo're-sad, a. said before 
Aforetime, a-fore-tlme, ad. in time 
past [terrified 

Afraid, a'frade, a. struck with fear, 
Afresh, a-fresh', ad anew, over again 
Art, aft', or Abaft, a' baft, ad. the" hin- 
der part or stern of a ship 
After, af-tt'r, prep, behind, ad. fol- 
lowing another [crop of grass 
Aftermath, af-ter-matn, s, the second 
Afternoon, af-ter-no"n, s. the time 
from noon to evening [birth 
Afterpains, af-ter-panz, s. pains aftor 
Afterpart, after-part, s.the latter part 
Afterthought, aT-terthat, s. a reflection 
after the act, an expedient formui 
too late [ing time 
Afterward, after-ward, ad. in succeed- 
Aga, a'ga, s. the title of a Turkish mi- 
litary officer of rank 
Again, agen', ad. a second time, once 

more, in return, on the other hand 
Against, a-genst', prep, contrary, op- 
posite [ness 
Agape, a gap', ad. staring with eager - 
Agast, agast', a. struck with terror or 
amazement [the lowest class 
Agate, ag' -at, s. a precious stone of 
A^e, adzh, s. any period of time in 
which any particular man or race of 
men lived, space of a hundred 3 r ears, 
latter part of life, state of being no 
longer a minor 
Aged, adzhetl, a. old, stricken in 
years [an agent 
Agency, ad-zh-en'-sy, s. business of 
Agent, a'-dzhgnt, a. acting upon, ac- 
tive — 5. a substitute, a deputy, a 
factor [cretion of ice 
Aggelation, &g-dzhe-la'-shtin, s. a con- 
Aggeneration, ag-dzhen-er-a -shim, s.the 

act of growing to another body 
Agglomerate, ag-giom"er-ate, v. a. to 

gather up in a ball 
Agglutinate, Kg- glu'- tin-ate, v. n. to 
unite together [union, a cohesion 
Agglutination, ag-glu'-tin-a-shun, s. an 

Aggrandize, ag'-gran-dize, v. a. to make 

great, to enlarge, to exalt 
Aggravate, ag'-gra-vate, v. a. to make 

worse, to provoke 
Aggravation, ag-gra-va-shtin, s. a pro- 

vocation, an exciting to anger 

Aggregate, ag' gre get, a. framed by 

the collection of sundry parts into 

one mass— s. the sum or whole ot 

many particulars [heap together 

Aggregate, ag'-gre-gate, v. a. to add or 

Aggregation, ag-gre ga-shun, s. the 

state of being collected 
Aggress, ag-gres', v. n. to assault or in- 
jure first 
Aggression, ^g-gr^sh'-un, s. the com- 
mencing a quarrel [assaults 
Aggressor, ag-greV-sor, s. one who first 
Aggrieve, ag-gri've, v. a. to give sorrow, 
to vex, to harass [one view 
Aggroup, ag'-grop, v. a. to bring into 
Aghast, ag-a'st, a. struck with horror 
^gile, adzh'-il, a. nimble, active 
Agility, a-dzhYl'-t-ty, s. nimbleness 
Agio, a 'dzh-^-o, s- the difference of ex- 
change [to feed per week or month 
Agist, a dzhtst', v. a. to take in cattle 
Agistment, a dzhfet'-ment, s. herbage 

of cattle, money paid for pasturing 
Agitate, ad'zlvitate, i\ a. to put in 

motion, to move, to discuss 
Agitation, ad-zhrt a'-shun, s. the act of 
moving, a discussion, a perturbation 
of mind [the same father 

Agnation, ag-na'-shtin, s. descent by 
Agnition, ag-nish'-un, s. acknowledg- 
ment [own 
Agnize, ag-ni'ze, v. a. to confess, to 
Agnus castus, ig-n'tis-cas tus, *. the 

chaste tree 
Ago, ago', ad. past, long since 
Agog, a gbg', ad. in a state of longing 
Agoing, a-go-ing, a. in action 
Agonistes,lig-o nls' tes, s. a prize-fighter 
Agonize, ag'-o-nize, v. n. to be in ex- 
cessive pain 
Agony, ag'-b-n^, s. the pangs of death, 

a violent pain of body or mind 
Agrarian, a-gra'-ryan,a.relating to fields 

or grounds 
Agree, a-gre', v. n. to be in concord, to 
be of the same opinion — v. a. to re- 
concile [pleasing 
Agreeable,a-gre-abl, a. consistent with, 
Agreed, a-gred, part, settled by mu- 
tual consent [mony, bargain 
Agreement, a-gre'-mfent, s. concord, har- 


i 9 j 


sh5t, note, 16se, actor — hat, push, m&ti, fur — truly, rye — thus, -thick. 

Agrestic, a-gres-tik', a. rustic,clownish, 

unpolished [ing to agriculture 

Agricultural, Sg-rf-kuT tu-ral, a. relat- 

Agriculture, ag"-rt-cur-tiirp, »; tillage, 

Agrimony, kg'-rY-mon-^, s. a plant 
Aground, a-groh'nd, ad. stranded 
Ague, a'-gu, 6. an intermitting fever 
Ah, 8', int. denoting dislike, compas- 
sion, or complaint 
Aha, a-ha', int. a word intimating tri- 
umph and contempt 
Ahead, a'-he'd', ad. furthest on 
Aid, a'de, v. a. to help, to support, to 

succour — <?. help, support, subsidy 
Aidant, a -dent, o. helping, assisting 
Aid do-camp, a'-de-kom, s. a military 

Ail, alp, v. a. to pain, to trouble, to 

affect in any manner— <\ a disease 
Ailing, a'lp-lng, part. a. sickly 
Ailment, a'h-ment, s. pain, indisposition 
Aim, amp, v. n. to strive to hit, tr 
reach or obtain, to guess — v. a. to 
direct missile weapons, &c. — s. .-; 
direction, an intention, a design 
Air, a'rp, s. the element in which we 
breathe, a inusical tune, mien — v. a. 
to expose to the air, to warm 
Airiness, a'-r? nes, s. gaiety, openness 
Airing, a -ring, s. a short jaunt 
Airpump, a'-rp pump, s. a machine to 

exhaust air out of certain vessels 
Airy, a'-rv, a. relating to the air, gay 
Aisle, i'lp, s. a walk in a church 
Ake, ak'p, v. n. to feel a dull continual 
pain [sembling, alike 

Akin, a-kYn', a. allied by blood, re 
Alabaster, al'-a-bXs-ter, s. a kind of 

soft white marble 
Alack, a-lftk', int. expression of sorrow 
Alackaday, a lak'-a-da", ain£. a word de- 
noting sorrow and melancholy 
Alacrity, a-lak'-rf-ty, s. willingness, a 

Alamode, al-a-modp, ad. in the fashion 
Alarm, al-a'rm, s. notice of danger, 
sudden terror — v. a. to call to arms, 
to surprise, to disturb | 

Alarming, al-a'rm-tng, part. a. terrify- 
ing, giving alarm 
Alarmpost, a-la'rm-post, s. a post for 
each body of men to appear at in case 
of alarm [or pity- 

Alas, a-laV, int. expressing lamentation 
Alb, a'lb, s. a surplice [standing j 

Albeit, al-bfc'-lt, ad. although, notwitn- I 

Alcaic, al-ka-1k', a. a species or kind of 

Alcaid, al-ka'd-vs. the government of a 

oistle in Spain, the judge of a city 
Alchymical, al kym'-t-kal, a. relating to 

Alchymy, aT-kvm-y\ s. occult chemistry 
Alcohol, aT-ko-hol, s. an highly rectified 

spirit of wine 
Alcoran, aT-ko-ran, s. the Turkish bible, 
or took containing the precepts of 
the Turkis'n religion [in 

Alcove- 1 ko'vp, y. arecess to lie or sit 
Alder. aJ-dcr, s. a sort of tree 
Alderman, al-d^r-man, s. a magistrate 
Ah;, a'le, s. a liquor made by infusing 

malt and hops in hot water 
Aleconner, a'le-kmi-ner, s. an officer 
who examines measures of public 
Ale cost, a'lp-crjst,.s. an herb 
Aligar, al'-e-gar, s. sour ale 
A'.ehoof, ft'lp-hof, s. ground ivy 
Alehouse, alp-hous, £. a tippling house 
Alembic, a-lem'-blc, \ <t vessel used ia 

Aleit, a-lert', a. watchful, brisk 
Alexandrine, aTeks-an'-drln, s. verse of 

twelve syllables 
Alexipharmic, S-le'k-s'i'-far'-mlk, a. that 

drives away poison, antidotal 
Algebra, aT-dzhe-bra, s. a peculiar kiu4 
of arithmetic [to algebra 

Algebraic, al dzhe-bra^k, a. relating 
Algid, aT-dzhVd, a. cold, chill [ness 

Algidity, al-dzh'id'-f-t^ ,5. dullness, cold- 
Algorithm, aT gd-rtthm, s. the science 
of numbers [or constable in Spain 
Alguazil, aT-ga-zl'l, s. a sort of bailiff 
Alias, a lt-as, ad. otherwise 
Alibi, aT-f-b!, 5 the absence of a per- 
son on a particular occasion proved 
by his having been elsewhere 
Alien, a'l-yen, a. foreign — s. a foreigner, 

a stranger 
Alienate, al ygnatp, v. ??. to transfer, 
to withdraw the heart or affections — 
a. withdrawn from 
Alienation, al-ye'n-a'-shftn, s. the act of 
transferring, change of affection, men- 
tal derangement 
Alight, a-li'tp, t>. a. to come down, to 
descend, to fall upon [or form 

Alike, a-li'kp, ad. in the same manner 
Aliment, al'-t-mgnt, s. nutriment, food 
Alimental, al-l-ment'-al, a. that nou- 
rishes, nourishiug 

ALL [ 10 ] ALT* 

Sounds — h£t, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, h^r— chin, chine, f teld, shirt- 


Alimentary, al-1-ment'-ir-y, a. belong- 
ing to aliment 
Alimonious, al-f-mo'n yus, a 9 . that 
which nourishes [tenance 

Alimony, al'-l-mon-y', s. separate main- 
Aliquant, al'-l-k&nt, a. parts of a num 
ber, which, however repeated, will 
never make up the number exactly ; 
as, three is an aliquant of ten, 
thrice three being nine, four times 
three makes twelve 
Aliquot, al'-f-kwbt, a. parts of any 
number or quantity such as will 
measure it without any remainder : 
as, three is an aliquot part of twelve 
Alive, &-H've, a. not dead, active,cheer- 
ful [solvent, a liquor 

Alkahest,al'-ka-he'st, s. an universal dis- 
Alkalescent, al'-k&-les-ent, a. tending 
to an alkaline quality [body 

Alkali, af-ka-li, s. the fixed salt of any 
Alkaline, al'-ka-lme, a. having the qua- 
lity of alkali 
A lkalizate, &l-kaT-l-zate, v. a. to make 

alkaline, to' ferment 
Alkanet, al'-ka-ne't, s. a sort of plant 
A Ikermes, al-keY-mez, s. confection 
whereof the kermes grains are the 
< basis 

All, a'l, a. every one, every part — s. 
the whole, every thing — ad. quite, 
Allay, Sl-la', v. a. to mix one metal 
with another, to compose, to pacify 
— s. metal ot a baser kind mixed in 
coins to harden them 
Allegation, al-le-g&'-sh'un, s. an affirma- 
tion, a declaration, a plea 
Allege, al Igdzh', v. a. to affirm, to de 

clare, to plead 
Allegiance, aT-le-dz^tns, s. the duty of 

subjects to their king or prince 
Allegiant, al-le'-dzhent, a. loyal 
Allegoric, aT le-gbr"ik, a. figurative, 

not literal 
Allegorize. aT-le-gbri'ze, v. a. to turn 

into allegory, to form an allegory 

Allegory, al'-le-gbr-^, s. a figurative 

discourse, where more is meant than 

is literally expressed [in music 

Allegro, al le'-gro, s. sprightly motion 

Allemande, al-le-ma'nd, s. a grave kind 

of music, a lively dance [soften 

Alleviate, al l&'-vyate, v. a. to ease, to 

Alleviation, al-lev-ya-shun, s. that by 

which any pain is eased or fault ex 


Alley, aT-le, s. any narrow passage 
Alliance, al liens, s. friendship, con- 
sanguinity by marriage 
Allied, al'-ll &d, a. confederate—/?, re- 

lated to, united 
Alligation, fcl-lf-ga'-shtin, $. the act of 
tying or linking together, a sort of 
arithmetical rule 
Alligator, al' li-ga tor, i. the crocodile 
Allision, aTllzh' on, s. the act of strik- 

ing together 
Alliteration, al-lft-er-a'-shtin, *. the be- 
ginning two or more words with the 
same letter 
Allocation, al-16-ka-shun, s. the act of 

putting one thing to another 
Allocution, al-lo-ko'-shun, s. the act of 
speaking to another [pendent 

Allodial, al-ld'-dyal, a. not feudal, inde- 
Allonge, 81-londzh', s. in fencing, a 
pass or thrust [to grant 

Allot, al-lot', v. a. to distribute by lot, 
Allotment, 'al lot'-ment, s. lot, share, 

Allow, al-low', v. a. to admit, to grant, 

to permit, to abate in selling 
Allowable, al-low-a-b'l, a. lawful, per- 
mitted [p ort ion 
Allowance, al-lbw'-£ns,s. licence, share, 
Alloy, al-loy, v. a. to mix with some- 
thing baser — s. baser metal mixed in 
coinage [fer to 
Allude, Sl-lu'de, v. n. to hint at, to re- 
Allure, aJ-lu're, v. a. to entice 
Allurement, Sl-lu're-ment, s. entice- 
ment . 
Allusion, Sl-lu-zhon, s. hint, implication 
Allusive, al-la'sfve, a. hinting at some- 
Ally, Sl-ly', v. a. to unite by kindred or 
friendship or confederacy — s. one 
who is united to another 
Almanack, a'1-ma-nak, s. a calendar 
Almandine, a'1-man-dlne, s. a kind of 
inferior ruby (power, omnipotent 
Almighty, al-ml'-tjf, a. of unlimited 
Almond, a" mond, 5. the fruit of the 
almond tree [the throat, the tonsils 
Almonds, a"-mondz, s. two glands of 
Almoner, al-mon-er, s. a distributor of 
alms [alms are given 
Almonry, a'l-mon rtf, s a place where 
Almost, al-most, ad. nearly, well nigh 
Alms, a'mz, s. relief to the poor 
Almshouse, i'mz-hbus, s. a house built 

for the poor 
Alnage, al'-nage, s. ell measure^ ' 

ALT [ 11 ] A.MB 

shtit, note, ldse, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — tru'<% rye — thus, thick. 

Aloes, ai'-b-ez, s. a sort of precious 
wood used in the East fo» Derfumes, 
a medicinal juice extracted from the 
common aloes tree [aloes 

Aloetic, al-6-gttk, a. consisting of 
Aloft, a-15'ft, ad. on high, in the air, 
above [absurdity 

Alogy, al-5-dzhy", s. unreasonableness, 
Alone, a-16'ne, a. without company, 
solitary [onward 

Along, a-long', ad. at length, forward, 
Aloof a-lof, ad. at a distance [noise 
Aloud, a-18u'd, ad. loudly, with much 
Alpha, al'-fa, s. A or first letter in the 
Greek alphabet, therefore used to 
signify the first [any language 

Alphabet, al-fa-bet, s. the letters of 
Alphabetic, al f a-bgt'-tk, a. arranged 
according to the order of the alpha- 
bet [Alps 
Alpine, al'-pine, a. belonging to the 
Already, aj-red'-y, ad. before or at 
the time present [likewise 
A*so, al-sd, ad. in the same manner, 
Altar, al-tar, s. the table in Christian 
churches, where the communion is 
administered [offerings 
Altarage, i'l ter-e'dg, s. the profit from 
Alter, a'l-ter, v. a. to change, to vary 
Alterant, a'1-ter-ant, a. that has the 

power of producing changes 
Alteration, al-ter a shrin, s. the act 
of altering or changing, a change 
Alterative, a'1-ter-a-tiv, a. medicines 
that gradually gain upon and im- 
prove the constitution 
Altercation, al-ter-ka-shun, *. a de- 
bate, controversy, wrangle 
Alternate, a'1-ter-net, a. by turns, reci- 
procal — s. what happens alternately, 
Alternate, a'l ter-natp, v. a. to per- 
form alternately, to change one thing 
for another reciprocally 
Alternation, al-ter-na'-shtin, s. recipro 

cal succession of things 

Alternative, al-ter-na-tiv, s. a choice 

given of two things [ing, however 

Although, al-tho', corij. notwithstand- 

Altimetry, al-tYm'-e-tr^, s. the art of 

taking or measuring heiahts 
Altisonant, al-tts'-6-nant, a. high sound- 
ing, pompous 
Altitude, aT-tt'-tude, s. the height of a 
place, the elevation of any of the 
kwrealy bodies above the horizon 

Alto, alt'-6, 5. £ «• counter tenour, 
high [pletely, entirely 

Altogether, al-to-ge'th'-er, ad. corn- 
Alum, al-um, s. a kind of mineral 
salt of an acid taste [of alum 

Aluminous, a-iu'-mtnus, a. consisting 
Always, al-waz, ad. perpetually, con. 
stantly [of the verb To be 

Am, am, the first person of the present 
Amability, a-ma-bfl'-i-t^, s. loveliness 
Amain, a-ma'ne, ad. with vehemence 
Amalgam, a-mal'-gam, s. a mixture of 

Amalgamate, a-mal'-ga-mate, v. n. to 

unite metals with quicksilver 
Amalgamation, a-mSl-gam-a'-shun, s. the 

act of amalgamating metals 
Amandation, a-man-da'-shun, s. the act 

of sending on a message 
Amanuensis, a-man-u-en'-s'is, s. a per- 
son who writes what another dictates 
Amaranth, am'-a-ranth, s. a sort of 
plant ; in poetry, an imaginaryfiower 
unfading [ing of amaranths 

Amaranthine,! ma-ran'-thm, a. consist- 
Amaritude, a-mar'-i-tiide, s. bitterness 
Amass, a-maV, v. a. to heap up, to 
collect together [the fine arts 

Amateur, am'-a-turf , s. a lover of any of 
Amatory, am'-ft-tor-y\ a. relating to love 
Amaze, a-rmVze, v. a. to confuse, to sur- 
prise, to astonish — s. astonishment, 
confusion [ment 

Amazement, a-m?.'-ze ment, s. astonish- 
Amazing, a-maz'-mg, part. a. wonder- 
ful, astonishing 
Amazon, am'-a-zon, s. a race of war- 
like women [tion 
Ambages, am ba'-dzhez, s. circumlocu- 
Ambas-ade, am-bas sa'dV, s. embassy 
Ambassador, am-bas'-sa-dor, s. a person 
sent in a public manner from one 
power to another 
Ambassage, am'-bas-se'dzh, s. an em- 
Amber, am' ber, s. a yellow transparent 

gum — a. consisting of amber 
Ambergris, am'-ber-gris, 5. a fragranl 

drug, both a perfume and cordial 
Ambidexter, am-bY-dSks'-ter, s. a per- 
son that can use both hands alike, 
who is equally ready to act on either 
Ambidextrous, am-bt-deks'-trus, a. 
double dealing, practicing on botii 
sides [encompassing 

Ambient, am'-byt'nt, a. surrounding, 

AMO [ 12 ] ANA 

Sounds— hat, hate, hill, liar — mSt, desist, m6, her — t»iYn, chine, field, shirt 

Ambiguity, am hig-a'-t-ty, s. doubtful- 
ness of meaning, uncertainty of sig- 
nification [mysterious 
Ambiguous, am-bYg'-u-us, a. doubtful, 
Ambit, am'-blt, s. compass or circuit of 

any tiling 
Ambition, am-bish'-un,s. an earnest de- 
sire of preferment or honour, great 
pride [proud, vain 

Ambitious, am-Msh'-us, a. aspiring, 
Amble, am'-bl, v. n. to pace, to move 

Ambrosia, am-br'-oshya, s. the imagi- 
nary food of the gods, a sort of plant 
Ambrosial, am-brd'-shy'al, a. possessing 

the qualities of ambrosia, delicious 
A^bry, am'-bre, s. a pantry 
Ambs-ace, am'z-ase, s. a double ace 
.Ambulation, ani-bu-la-shun, s. the act 

of walking 
Ambulatory, am"-bu-la-tor'-y\ a. that 

has the power or faculty of walking 
Ambuscade, am-btis-ka'de, s. a private 
post in which men lie in order to sur- 
prise [wait 
Ambush, £m'-bush, s. place to lie in 
Aujel, am'-el, s. matter used for enamel- 

Amen, a men', ad. so be it, verily s 
Amenable, a-me'-nebl, a. responsible, 
subject to [haviour 

Amenance, a-me'-n^ns, s. conduct, be- 
Amend, amend', v. a. to reform, to 
grow better [for the better 

Amendment, a-mend'-meiit, $. a change 
Amends, a-mendz,s. recompence, com- 
pensation [of situation 
Amenity, a-men'-f-ty, s. pleasantness 
Amerce, a-mer's, v. a. to punish by 

fine or penalty 
Amethyst, am'-e-tMst, s. a precious 
stone of a violet colour [charming 
Amiable, a'm-yebl, a. lovely, pleasing, 
Amicable, am-lk-ebl, a. friendly, kind 
Amidst, a-midst, prep, in the midst, 
among [inally 

Amiss, a-mfs', ad. fau ^ily, wrong, crim- 
<^mission, ri-mtsh'-un, oss 
Amit, a-mtt', v. a. tc .ose 
Amity, amM-ty. s. friendship 
Ammoniac, am-.nd'-nyak, s. a gum, a 
salt [stores 

Ammunition, am-mCi m'sh'-un,s. military 
Amnesty, am'-nes-ty, s. an act of gene- 
ral pardon 
Amcmsj, a-mong', prep, mingled with 
Amorist, am -6-rist, s, a gcUant 

Amorous, am'-6r-us, a. enamoured, in- 
clined to love 
Amort, a-mo'rt, ad. dull, heavy, spirit- 
less [lands to a corporation 
Amortize, am'-or-tize, v. a. to transfer 
Amotion, a-mo'-shtm, s. the act of 
putting away , removal [to alter 
Amove, a'-mov*', v. a. to remove from, 
Amount, a-m5unt, v. n. to rise in 

value, to increase -v. sum total 
Amour, 2-mo'r, s. an affair of gallantry, 
intrigue [live in either air or water 
Amphibious, am-fW-yus, a. that can 
Amphibology, am-f v i-boT-d-dzhy, *. a 
double speech [about 

Amphibolous, am ftb' 6-lus, a. tossed 
Amphiscii, am-ftsh'-Y-t, s. people who 

inhabit the torrid zone 
Amphitheatre, am-f Y the-a' ter, s. a 
building in a circular or oval form, 
having its area encompassed with 
rows of seats one above another 
Ample, a'mpl, a. large, wide, liberal, 
diffusive [extend 

Ampliate, a'rn-ply-atf ,v f a. to enlarge, to 
Ampliation, am-ply a shun, a. enlarge- 
ment [larse, to amplify 
Amplificate, am-fillf-'Y-kate, v . a. to en. 
Amplification, am-plif-f-ka shim, s. ex- 
tension, exaggerated representation 
Amplify, Sm'-plify, v. a. to enlarge, to 
exaggerate [greatness, copiousness 
Amplitude, a'm-plt-tud^, s. largeness, 
Amply, am' piy, ad. liberally, copious- 
ly [a limb, &c. 
Amputate, am'-pu-tate, v. a. to cut off 
Amputation, am-pu-ta'-shtin, s. the act 

of cutting off 
Amulet, am'-u-le't, s. charm, thing hung 
about the neck for preventing or cur- 
ing a disease [divert, to deceive 
Amuse, a-mu'ze, v. a. to entertain, to 
Amusement, & muze'-ment, s. pastime, 
recreation [power of amusing 
Amusive, a mu-sW, a. that has the 
Amygdalate, a-nvig'-da-le't, a. made of 

Ana, an'-&. ad. in equal quantity 
Anabaptism, an-a bap'-tizm, s. adult 

baptr.m, doctrine of the anabaptists 

Anachorite, an-ak'-o-rlte, s. an hermit, 

recluse [in computing time 

Anachronism, an-ak'-ro-nYzm, s. an error 

Anaclatics, an-a-klSt'-lks, s. the doctrine 

of refracted light, dioptrics 
Anacreontic, a-nak-re-on'-tik, a, after 
the manner of Anacreon 

ANC [ 13 ] "AX I 

shot, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Anchorite, angle' 6-rite, s. a recluse, a 


Anchovy, an t&ha'-vf, s. a little sea fish 

Ancient, a'n-shent, a. old, aged, long 

past, former. — 5. flag or streamer of 

a ship, the bearer, (now ensign) of a 

flag times 

Ancients, ansh'-ents,s. who lived in old 

Ancientry, an-shent-r^, s. dignity of 

birth, high lineage 
And, and', conj. a particle by which 

sentences or terms are joined 
Andante, an-daV-te, ad. in music, mo- 
derately, regular sounds 
Andiron, and'-i-ron, s. irons at the end 
of a fire-grate in which the spit turns 
Androgynal, an-drog-y'-nal, a. partaking 
of both sexes [incident 

Anecdote, an'-^k-dote, s. a biographical 
Anemometer, an-e-mSm'-e-ter, s. an in- 
strument to measure wind 
Anemone, an-em'-d-ne, s. wind flow r er 
Anemoscope, an €-1116' skope, s. a ma- 
chine for change of wind [site 
Anent, *n'-%nt,prep. over against, oppo- 
Aneurism, an'-ii rlsm, s. a disease where- 
by the arteries become excessively- 
Anew, a-iiu', ad. over again, repeatedly 
Angel, a'n dzhel, s. a messenger, spirit 
employed by God in human affairs, 
a beautiful person, a gold coin worth 
about 10s. [heavenly 
Angelic, an-dzhel'-'ik, a. like angels, 
Angelica, an dzheT-t-kS, s. kind of plant 
Anger, ang'-ger, s. resentment, rage, 
smart of a sore.— v. a. to provoke, to 
enrage [the quinsy 
Angina, an dzhi'-na, s. a disorder called 
Angiography, aog bg'-gra-f^, 5. a de- 
scription of the vessels in the human 
Angle, ang'-g'l, s. a point where two 
lines meet, a fishing rod. — v. a. to 
fish with a rod and hook 
Anglicism, ang'-glf-slzni, s. an English 
idiom [inflamed 
Angry, ang'-gr?, a. provoked, enraged, 
Anguish, ang'-gwfsh, s. excessive pain 
of mind 01 body [or corners 
Angular, ang'-gu-l&r, a. having angles 
Anhelation, an'-he-la-shtin, s. the act of 
panting [life 
Animable, Sn-y-ma-b'l, a. capable of 
Animadversion, an'-t-nVad-ver-shun, s. 
reproof, severe censure, observation 

Anadiplosis, &n-a-dl-pld'-s?s, s. redupli- 
cation, a figure in rhetoric 
Anago'jetical, an-'a go dzhe't'-'f-cai, a. 
contributing or relating to religious 
raptures, mysterious 
Anagram, an'-a-mam, s. a conceit aris- 
ing from the letters of a name trans 
posed so a to form some other word 
or sentence fleeted from authors 

Analects, n'-a-lekts, s. fragments col 
Analeroma, 3 na-lgm-ma, s. a projection 
on the meridian [strengthening- 

Analeptic, an a ltp'-t:k, a. restorative, 
Analogical, a-i&-iocLzh-y-cal,a. referring 

to something similar 
Analogy, a-nal'-o dzh\% s. resemblance, 

proportion, similarity 

Analysis, a nal'-s-sts, s. separation of 

parts, solution of any tiling to its 

first elements [an analysis 

Analytic, an-a-iyt'-fk, a. belonging to 

Analyze, Sn-X-Kze, v. a. to resolve a 

compound into its first principles 
Anamorphosis, ana mor-f 6' sis, s. per- 
spective projection, so that at one 
point of view it shall appear deform- 
ed, in another an exact representation 
Anauas, a-na nas, s. the pine apple 
Anaphora, an af ' or?., s. a figure in rhe- 
toric, when several clauses of a sen- 
tence are betrun with the same word 
Anarchy, an' ar kv, 1. want of govern- 
ment, disorder, confusion 
Anasarca, an a sar'-ka, s. a sort of dropsy 
Anastrophy, an &s' tro ft, s. a postpon- 
ing of words [tical curse 
Anathema, an ath'-e-ma", s. an ecciesias- 
Anathematize, an aWe-m&t-I'zi?, v. a. to 
pronounce accursed by ecclesiastical 
authority [to anatomy 
Anatomical, ana tom'Ykal, a. relating 
Anatomist, an at-6m'-Tst, s. one who 

Anatomize, Kn &"t'-o rrnze, v. a. to dissect 
Anatomy, an-.t' o-my, s. the art of dis- 
secting the body [person descends 
Ancestor, Bn'-se's-tor, s. one from whom a 
Ancestry, Kn'-ses trv\ s.pedigree,descent 
Anchor, Sngk'-tfr, s. an iron instrument, 
which being fixed in the ground, by 
means of a (able, keeps the ship 
from driving. — v. //. to cast anchor, 
lie at anchor, stop at, rest on. — v. a. 
to place at anchor, fix on 
Anchorage, angk'-or-e'dzh, s. ground to 
cast anchor upon, duty paid for an- 
choring in a port 

ANN [ 14 ] ANT 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt-- 

Animadvert, an-f-mad v£rt', v. n. to ex- 
amine into, to observe, to censure 
Animal, an'-l-mal, s. a living creature. — 

a. not spiritual [animal 

Animalcule, aV-'i-mal'-kulf?, s. a small 
Animate, an'-f-mate, v. a. to quicken, 

make alive, to encourage [life 

Animate, an'- v -met, a. alive, possessing 
Animated, an'-i-mated, part, livcdy, 

Animation, an-tma'-shtin, s. the act of 

animating, state of being enlivened 
Auimative, an'-f ma-tiv, a. tending to 

animate, brisk [sionate malignity 

Animosity, an-i-mbs'-f-t^, 5. hatred, pas- 
Anise, an'-i's, s. a species of parsley 
Anker, angk'-er, 6. a vessel containing 

ten gallons [foot and leg 

Ankle, iingk'-el, s. the joint between the 
Annalist, an'-na-lfst, s. a writer of an- 
nals [into years 
Annals, an'-nalz, s. histories digested 
Annats, an'-nats, $. first fruits 
Anneal, an-nel, a. to temper glass or 

other things [— .9. the thing annexed 
Annex, an-n6ks', v. a. to unite, to join 
Annihilate, an'-nl-hi-late, v. a. to annul, 

' to destroy [of destroying 

Annihilation, an-ni lri-la'-shtin, s. the act 
Anniversary, an-n¥-ver'-sar-y, s. an an- 
nual or yearly festival. — a. annual 
Anno Domini, an'-no-dom'-', in the 

year of our Lord [cation, a note 

Annotation, an'-no ta'-shun, s. an expli- 
Annotator, an'-no-ta-tor, s. a critic, a 

commentator [to publish 

Announce, an-nbu'as, v. a. to declare, 
Annoy, an-noy, v. a. to injure, to vex 

— s. a*i injury, molestation 
Annoyance, an-noy'-6ns, s.which annoys 
Annual, an'-nu-al, a. that comes yearly 
Annuitant, an-nu-i-tant, s. one who has 

an annuity 
Annuity, an nu'-i-ty\ s. yearly allowance 
Annul, an-nul' v. a. to make void, to 

abolish [of a ring 

Annular, an'-nu lar, a. having the form 
Annulet, an-nu-le't, s. a little ring 
Arwiumerate, an-nu'-mersite, v. a. to 

add to, to include 
Annnmeration, an-nu'-mer-a-shtin, s. an 

addition to a number 
Annunciate, an-nun' shyate, v. a. to 

bring tidings, to relate 
Annunciation-day. an-nun sy a- shun-da, 

s. a day solemnized on the 25th of 


Anodyne, an'-o-dyne, a. that mitigate! 
pain [to consecrate 

Anoint, a-nbYnt, v. a. to rub with oil, 
Anomalistic, a nom'-a-lis-ttk, a. irregu- 
lar, out of rule 
Anomalous, a-nom'-a-lus, a. irregular 
Anomaly, a-nbm'-S-iy, s. an irregularity, 

a deviation from rule 
Anon, a-nbn', ad. quickly, soon, shortly 
Anonymous, a-non'-y'-mus, a. without a 
name [one more 

Another, an-6th'-er, ad. not the same, 
Ansated; an-sa't-£d, p. having handles 
Answer, an'-ser, v. n. to reply to, to be 
accountable for — s. a reply, a solu- 
tion, a confutation " [answer 
Answerable, an'-ser -£b'l, a. bound to 
Ant, ant', s. an emmet, a pismire 
Antagonize, an-tag'-o-nize, v. n. to coa- 

tend against another 

Antarctic, an-ta'rk-tik, a. relating to the 

southern pole [before 

Ante, an'-te, Latin participle signifying 

Antecede, an-te-sede, v. a. to precede, 

to go before 
Antecedent, an-te-se'-dent, a. going be. 
fore, preceding, — s. what goes before, 
the noun to which the relative is sub- 
Antechamber, an'-te-tsham-ber, s. a 
chamber that leads to the chief apart- 
ment [fore the real time 
Antedate, an'-te-dat^, v. a. to date be- 
Antediluvian, an-te-dl-lu' -vyan, a. be- 
fore the deluge— s. that lived before 
the flood 
Antelope, an'-te-16pe, s. a goat with 

curled or wreathed horns 
Antemeridian, an te-me-rid'-yan, a. be- 
fore noon 
Antemundane, an-te-mtin' dane, a. that 
which was before the creation of the 
Antepast, an'-te-past, s. a fore taste 
Antepenult, an"te-pe-nftlt', s. the last 

syllable but two in any word 
Antepileptic, ant-ep-l-lep'-tik, a. good 

against epilepsy 
Anteriority, an-te ry^r'-l-ty", s. a priority 

in time or situation 
Anterior, an-te'-ryor, a. going before 
Anthem, an'-them, s. a holy song 
Anther, an'-ther, s. that part of a flower 
which contains the fecundating 
Anthology, an-tnbl'-o-dzhy, s. a collet 
tion of flowers, devotions, or poems 


[ 15 ] 


shot, note, lose, act6r — htit, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Anthropophagi, an thro-pof '-a-dzhi, 5. 
man caters, cannibals 

Antic, an ttk', a. odd, ridiculously 
trild— S. he that plays antics, a buf- 
foon [Christianity 

Antichrist, Xn'-tM n'st, s. an opposer of 

Antichristian, sin ti'-krts'-tyan, a. oppo- 
site to Christianity 

Anticipate, an tis' Y-pate, v. a. to fore 
taste, to prevent 

Anticipation, Sn-tYs-f pa'-shan, s. the act 
of taking up something before its 
time, prevention 

Anticlimax, an-W-kll'-m&ks, s. a sen- 
tence in which the last part is lower 
than the first 

Anticonvulsive, Sn-ti-cbn-vul'-siv, a. 
good against convulsions 

Anticourtier, an-ti-ko'rt-yfer, 5. one that 
opposes the court 

Antics, stn'-tiks, $. tricks of a buffoon 

Antidotal, v in" ti- do tal, a. that which 
counteracts poison [expel poison 

Antidote, an'-tt dote, s. medicine to 

Antimonarchical, an ti-mo-nar' kikal,«. 
against monarchy [antimony 

Antimonial, an tt-mij'n-y^l, a. made of 

Antimony, an'-tf-mon-y, *. a mineiai 
substance of a metalline nature 

Antinomian,an tf-no'm-yan, s. one who 
prefers faith to practice 

Antipathetical, kn-tY-pa-theV-Y-kal, a. 
having a natural contrariety to any 
thing [siou 

Antipathy, an-tip'-& tfry\$ natural aver- 

Antiphonary, an t'lf'o-nar-j, s. a book 
containing all that was said or sung 
m the choir except the responses 

Antiphony, ian-tif -6-ny, s. a singing by 
way of response 

Antiphrasis, an-tff'-ra-sYs, s. the use of 
words in a sense opposite to their 
meaning [the antipodes 

Antipodal, an-tfp'-o-dal, a. relating to 

Antipodes, an-tfp' odz, a, those people 
who, living on the other side of the 
globe, have their feet directly oppo- 
site ours [the popedom 

Antipope, an'-tf pope, s. one that usurps 

Antiquarian, an-tt-kwa'-rySn, Antiquary, 
an t .i-kwar-j 1 , s. one who studies an- 
tiquity [obsolete 

Antiquate, an'-t'i'-kwate, v. a. to make 

Antique, an-ti'k, a. antient, old fashion- 
ed -s. a piece of antiquity, a relic 

Antiquity, an-ttk'-kwY-ty, s. old times, 
the antients, old aga 

Antiscii, an-tish'-l'-i, 5, the inhabitant* 

on opposite sides of the equator 
Antiscorbutic, an-tl-skbr-bu'-tik, a. 

good against the scurvy 

Antiseptic, an-ti-sep'-tfk , a. preventive 

of putrefaction [stanza of an ode 

Antistrophe, an-tis'-tro fe,8. the second 

Antithesis, i'.n tith'-e-sYs, s. opposition, 

Antitype, an'-tY-type, 5, that which is 
resembled or shadowed out by the 
type, a term of theology 
Antitypical, an' tUyp'-l-kai, a. that ex- 

plains the type 
Antler, ant'-ler, s. branch of a stag's horn 
Antoeci, an-td'-e-si, s. those inhabitants 
who live under the same meridian at 
equal distances from the equator 
Antonomasia, iln-to-no ma sya, s. the 
name of some dignity used for a pro- 
per name, as a king is called His 
Antre, Xn'-ter, s. a cavern, a den 
Anvil, an'-vll, s. an iron block which 

smiths use 
Anxiety, angk-si' e-tv, s. trouble of 
mind about some future event, soli- 
citude, depression of spirits 
Anxious, angk'-shus, a. uneasy, careful 
Any, an'-^, a. every, whoever, what- 
Aorist, a-b-rl'st, a. indefinite as to time 
Aorta, a-or'-ta', s. the great artery which 
rises immediately out of the left ven- 
trical of the heart [with haste 
Apace, a-pa'se, ad. quickly, speedily, 
Apart, a-paVt, ad. separately, private- 
ly ,"at a distance [of a house 
Apartment, a-pa'rt-ment, s. a room, part 
Apathy, ap'-a thy, s. exemption from 

Ape, ape, s a kind of monkey, a mimic 

— v. a. to imitate as an ape 
Apeak, ap' eke, ad. piercing, pointedly, 

a sea term 
Aperient,a-pe'-ryent,«. gently purgative 
Aperture, ap'-er ture, 5, an open place 
Apetalous, &-p£t-a4'us,a. without flower- 
Apex, a-p«ks, s. the tip or point 
Aphelion, a felyon, s. that part of the 
orbit of a planet in which it is at the 
point remotest from the sun 
Aphorism, Kf'-6-rYzm, s, maxim, precept 
Apiary, a'-pY-ar-y, s. a place where beat 

are kept 


[ 16 ] 


Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— m^t, desist, me, her— chtn, chine, field, shirt- 

Apiece, a-pi'se, ad. to each one share, 

Apish, a'-ptsh, a. imitative, foppish, 
silly, trifling [tion, a vision 

Apocalypse, a pSk'-a-lyps, *. a revela- 

Apocal} ptical, a-pbk-S-l^p'-W-ciil,a. con- 
taining revelation 

Apocope, a-pok' 6-pe, s. the suppressing 
of the last letter or syllable 

Apocrypha, &-p6Y-ry f*, *. books ad- 
ded to the sacred writings (of doubt- 
ful authors) 

Apocryphal, a-pok'-r^-fil, a. not cano- 
nical, of uncertain authority 

Apogee, ap'-o-dzhe, s. that point in the 
heavens in which the sun or a planet 
is at the greatest distance possible 
from the earth in its whole revolu- 
tion [in defence of any thing 

Apolosetic, a-pbl -6-dzhet'-ik, u said 

Apologist, a p 61-6'- dzl its t, s. one pleau | 
ing in excuse or defence 

Apologize, a-pbT-o dzhize, v. a. to plead 
in favour [tale 

Apologue, ap'-6 lege, s. a fable, a moral 

Apology, & poT-6 dzhy\ s. a defence, an 
excuse, a. plea [saying 

Apophthegm, ap'-o-tnem,*. a remarkable 

Apoplectic, ap-6 plCk'-tik, a. relating to 
an apoplexy 

Apoplexy, ap' 6-ptek-sy\ s. a sudden de- 
privation of all sensation by a disease 

Apostasy, a-pos'-ta sy\ s. departure from 
what a man has professed (generally 
applied to religion) 

Apostate, apos-tet, s. one who re- 
nounces his religion 

Apostatize, a-pbs'-ta-tize, v. n. to for- 
sake one's religion 

Apostle, a-po'sl, s. a person sent to 
preach the Gospel (applied particu- 
larly to those dispatched by our Sa- 
viour) [of an apostle 

Apostleship, a" pbVl-shfp, *. the office 

Apostolic, a-pos-tol'-ik, a. taught by 

Apostrophe, a-pos'-tro-fe, s. a sudden 
turn in a discourse, a contraction of 
a word by (') 

Apostrophize, a-pbs-tro'-f Ize, v. a. to 
address by apostrophe 

Apothecary, a-poth'-t-kar-y', s. one who 
prepares and keeps medicines for sale 

Apotheosis, a-pbthe-6-sts,. 5. a deifica- 

Apozem, ap'-6-z£m, s. a decoction 

Appal, ap-p&'l, V. a. to fright, to daunt 

Appanage, ap' pa-n£dzh, s. lands for 
maintenance of younger children 

Apparatus, ap-pa-ra'-tus, s. any tools, 
furniture, or necessary instruments 
for any trade, &c. 

Apparel, ap-par -61, s. diess, cloathing 

Apparent, Sp-pa-rent, ft. plain, evident, 
seeming, discoverable 

Apparition, appa-rlsh'-Un, s. an appear- 
ance, a spectre 

Apparitor, a p-parf tor, *. a low eccle- 
siastical oiTieer [censure 

Appeach, ap-pe'tsh, v. a. to accuse, to 

Appeal, ap-pe'l, v. n to refer to an- 
other as judge— .s. an application for 

Appear, £p-pe'r, v. ??. to be in sight, to 
become visible, to be evident 

Appearance, ap'-per< -ens, s. shew, sem- 
blance [pacify 

Appease, Sp-pe'z, v.-. a. to quiet, to 

Appellant, ap-peT-lent, s. a challenger^ 
he who appeals [a title 

Appellation, ap pgl'-la shtin, .5. a name, 

Appellative, ap-peY la ttv, s. name* 
for a whole rank of beings, as, a 
man, horse, &c. 

Appellator^, ap-peT-l&-t6r-y' > a. that 
contains an appeal [to 

Append, ap pend , v. o. to hang or join 

Appendage, ap-pgn'-dtdzh, J something 

Appendant, ap-pgn'-dent, a. hanging to 
or annexed — s. an adventitious part 

Appendicate, ap-pen'-d'i kat, v. u. to 
join to, to annex [a supplement 

Appendix, ap-peV-diks, s. an addition. 

Appertain, ap-per-tane, v. n. to be- 
long to 

Appertinent, ap-per'-tt-nent, a. belong- 
ing or relating to 

Appetence, ap'-pe-tens, s. carm 1 desire 

Appetibility, ap-pg'-tt • b?-'M-ty t , s. the 
state of being desirable 

Appetible, ftp-pe'-ttb'l, a. desirable 

Appetite, Sp-pe-tite, s. hunger, violent 
longing [praise 

Applaud, ap-plad, v. a. to commend, to 

Applause, ap-plaz., s. approbation, 
praise [the eye 

Apple, ap'l, s. a common fruit, pupil of 

Applicable, ap'-plt-keb'l, a. suitable, 
proper, fit 

Application, Sp-pH-ka-shrin, s. the act 
of applying, close study, great in- 
dustry [plies 

Applicative, ap'-pii-ka-tfv, a. that ap« 


[ U I; 


shtft, note, lose, actor — htit, push, mute, fur — truly", rye — thus, thick. 

Apply, ap-ply*, v. a. to put one thing 
to another, to study — x. n. to suit, 
to agree to 
Appoint, ap-poYnt, v. n. to determine, 

to settle, to equip 
Appointment, ap-poYnt-ment, s. a stipu- 
lation, a salary, a post 
Apportion, ap-por-shun, v. a. to divide 

into just proportions 
Apposite, ap'-po-zit, a. suitable, fit 
Apposition, ap-po-ztsh'-un, s. the addi- 
tion of new matter 
Appraise, ap-praze, v. a. to Set a value 

upon any thing 
Appraisement, ap'-praze-ment, s. act of 
valuing [goods 

Appraiser, ap'-praz-er,<\ one who values 

Appreciate, ap-pre'-5hyate,r.«. to value, 
to reckon, to estimate 

Apprehend, ap-pre hgnd', v. a. to com- 
prehend or understand, to seize or 
arrest, to fear 

Apprehension, ap-pre-hen'-shtin, $. con- 
ception, fear, suspicion, seizure 

Apprehensive, ap-pre-h£n'-slv, a. to be 
fearful, to be sensible 

Apprentice, Sp-pren-tts, s. one bound 
to a trade — v. a. to put out to a mas- 
ter as an apprentice 

Appreuticehood, ap-pre'n'-t'is-hud, s. the 
time an apprentice is to serve 

Apprize, ftp-prize, v. a. to inform 

jApprouch. ap-pro'tsh, v. n. to draw or 
ferine near — v. a. to bring near to — 
s. the act of drawing hear to 

Approbation, £p-pr6-bi'-shun, s. the act 
or approving 

Appropriate, kp-pro-prt-ate, v. a. to as- 
sign, to annex, to set apart 

Appropriation, ftp-pro-prt-a'-shun, s. the 
application of something to a particu- 
lar purpose or use 

Approval, ap-pro-val, s. approbation 

Approve, ;ip-prove', v. a. to like, to 
commend, to be pleased with 

Approximate, Sp proks'-'i-mtt,'*. near to 

Approximation, Xp-prbk-st-ma'-shun, s. 
approach to any thing [against 

Appulse, ap'-ptils, 5. the act of striking 

Appurtenance, a'p pur-t^'-nens, s. what 
belongs to any thing 

Apricot, a'-prf-kot,*. a kind of wall fruit 

April, a'-prtl, s. the fourth month of the 

Apron, a'-pron, s. part of a woman's 
dress, that which covers the touch- 
hole of a great gun 

Apsis, ap'-sfs, pi. Apsides, ap'-s^-dez, s. 

those points in the orbit in which the 

planet is at the greatest and least 

distance from the sun or earth 

Apt, *pt', a fit, quick, qualified for— 

■ v. a. to suit, to adapt [disposition 

Aptitude, aV-tf-tude,,tendency, 

Aqua, a'-kw&, s. water 

Aqua-fortis, a-kwft-for'-tis, s« corrosive 

liquor made of saltpetre and vitriol 
Aquarius, &-kwa-ry-us, s. one of the 

signs of the zodiac (water-carrier) 
Aquatic, 2-kwat'-ik, a. growing or living 

in the water 
Aqueduct, S'-kwe-diict, s. a conveyance 

made for carrying water 
Aqueous, a-kwe-us, a. watery, thin 
Aquiline, Sk'-wi-line, a. resembling an 

eagle, hooked 
Arabic, aY-a-blk, s. a kind of gum 
Arable, aY-gb'l, a. fit for tillage 
Araneous, a-ra'-nyus, a. resembling a 
cobweb [i nff 

Aration, i-ra-shun, s. the act of plow- 
Arbalist, ar-ba-h'st, s. a cross bow 
Arbiter, ft'r-bl'-ter, s. an umpire to settle 
a dispute [mination, choice, will 

Arbitrament, ar-bit-ra'-ment, s. a deter- 
Arbitiarious, ar-bi tra-r^us.a. arbitrary, 

depending on the will 
Arbitrary, a'r-bt-trary, a. despotic, al> 

solute, unlimited 
Arbitrate, ar -b'l-trate , v. a. to decide, 
to determine — v. ??. to give judgment 
Arbitration, ir-bf-tra-shun, s. the deter- 
mination of an umpire [a determiner 
Arbitrator , ar-M-tra'-tor, s. an umpire, 
Arborist, a'r-bo-rtst, *. a naturalist who 
makes trees his study [trees 

Arborous a'r-bo-rus, a. belonging to 
Arbour, a.'r-bor, s. a bower 
Arbuscie, a'r-bus-s'l, s. a little shrub 
Arbute, a'r-bute, s. the strawberry tree 
Arc, ?rk', s. an arch, segment of a circle 
Arcade, ar-ka'de, s. a confirmed arch 
Arcanum, ar-ca-num, s. a secret 
Arch, a'rtsh, or Arc, a'rk, s. part of a 
circle, the vault of heaven — v a. to 
build, to cover with arches— a. wag- 
gish, mirthful [phrase 
Archaism, ar-ka-izm, s. an ancient 
Archangel, Krk-a'-ne-dzhel, *. a chief an- 
gel, a plant [bishop 
Archbishop, artsh-bfsh' op, s. a chief 
Archbishopric, artsh-bish'-d-prtk, 5. ju» 
risdictioa of an archbishop 
C 3 

ARG [ 18 ] ARO 

Sounds — hKt, hate, hill, liar — m^t, desist, m£, her— chin, chine, Held, shirt — 

Archdeacon, artsh-de'-k6n, s. a bishop s 

Archdeaconry, artsh dt-kftn'-ry, s. ju- 
risdiction of an archdeacon 
Archduke, art h'-duke, s. grand duke 
Archduchess, artsh-dutsh' gs, s grand 

Arched, artsh'-e'd, a. bent like an arch 
Archer, ar-tsher, s. one who shoots 
with a bow [a bow 

Archery, a'r-tsher-tf, s. the art of using 
Archetypal, a'r-ke-tv-pal, a original 
Archetype, a'r-ke-typp, .s. the original 
pattern [longing to an archdeacon 
Archidiaconal, ar kt-df ak'-o-nal, a. be- 
Archiepiscopal,ar-kt-e pis" ko pal, a. be- 
longing to an archbishop 
Archipelago, Sr-kT pfel-a'-go, s. any sea 

which abounds with small islands 
Architect, a'r-krtgkt. s. a professor of 
the art of building [of building 

Architecture,ar-ki teVturr.s.the science 
Architrave, a r kl-traw, s.the upper part 
of a column lying immediately upon 
the capital [where records are kept 
Archives, a'r kivz, s. records, places 
Arctic, a'rk-tik, a. northern 
Arcuate, a'r ku 6t, a. bent like an arch 
Aicuation, ar ku-a'-shun, s. an arking, 

an incurvation, a curvity 
Ardency, ar-deh sy, s. zeal, eagerness 
Ardent, a'r-de'nt, a. vehement, zealous 
Ardour, S'r-dor, s. heat, warmth of af- 
fection, as love, desire, courage 
Arduous,&'r du-us,a. laborious, difficult 
Are, to*, plural of the present tense of 

the verb to be 
Area, a'-rya, s. the superficial content 
01 any thing, an open space before a 
b irildiug [growing dry 

Arefaction, ar-e-fak'-shon, s. the state of 
Arenaceous, a re-na'-shus, a. sandy 
Ai gal, &'r-gal, s. impure tartar adhering 

to the sides of wine vessels 
Argent, a'r-dzhfe'nt, a. silver white, 
bright like silver [clay 

Argil, a'r-dzMl, s. pure clay, potter's 
Argillaceous, ar-dzhii-ia'-shus, a. con- 
sisting of clay 
/irgol, ar'gbl, s. tartar from lees of wine 
.Argue, &'r gu, v. ri. to reason, to dis- 
pute — v. a. to prove .by argument, to 
debate [ledged, a subject in debate 
Argument, * &'r-gu-ment, s. a reason al 
Argumental,ar-gu-men'-tal, a belonging 
. to argument [the act of reasoning 
Argumentation, ar-gu-me'n-ta-shun, s. 

Argumentative, ar-gu-men ta'-ttv, a.dia- 

putatious, replete with argument 
Argute, ar-gute, a. subtile, witty, sharp, 

Ariau, a'rV-an.s. a follower of Arianism 
Arid, ar'td, a. dry, parched up 
Vridity, a-rtd f-ttf, s. dryness, insensi- 
bility in devot on [zodiac 
Aries, a ry-ez, s. the ram, a sign of the 
Arijjht, a rt'te, ad. rightiy, without 
mistake [ri-;e up 
Arise, X i\zr, v. n. to mount up, to 
Aristocracy, a rts tok'-ra sv, v. a govern- ' 

ment oy nobles [to aristocracy 

Aristocratic, a-rls-to-krat'-Tk, o. rel ting 
Arithmetic, a-rVth'-me tlk, s. the science 
of computation [rules of anthmetic 
Arithmetical, a rtth-met'-1-!<Al,«. by the 
Arithmetician, a-rtth' me-ttsh'-an, v. one 
who professes the knowledge of arith- 
Ark, a'rk, .5. the name generally applied 
to that vessel in which Noah was pre- 
served from the deluge 
Arm, &'rm, s. the limb reaching from 
the hand to the shoulder, a bough of 
a tree, an inlet of the sea— v. a. to 
furnish with weapons— v. n. to take* 
arms [shipr 

•\rmada, ar-ma'-dX, s. a large fleet of 
Armadillo, ftr-ma-dll' 1ft, s. a smaii ani- 
mal like a hoi [force 
Armament, a'r-m£-me*nt, s. a naval 
Armed, ft'r me'd, refurnished with arms 
Armigerous, ar-midzh'-er-us, a. bearing 
arms [bracelet 
Armillary, a'r-nvil-lar-y", a. resembL-ng a 
Arminian, ar-m'in-yan, s. a professor of 
Arminianism [wa?r 
Armipotent, ar-mip'-o tSnt, a. mighty in 
Armistice, a'l rhi'-stis, s. a short cessa- 
tion of aims 
Armoniac, ar-md'-nV-Sk, s. a sort of salt 
Armorer, ar-mor'-er, s. one who makes 

or sells arms 
Armorial, ar-mo'-r^ SI, *. belonging to 

the arms or escutcheon of a family 
Armory, ar-mor-v, .s. a place in which 
arms are deposited for use, ensigns 
Armour, a'r mor, s. defensive arms 
Armour-bearer, a r-mor-bar'-er, 5. one 

who carries the arms of another 

Arms, a'rmz, s.warlike weapons, a state 

of hostility fcmen 

Army, a'r-my, s. a large body of ar-med 

Aromatic, a-rd mat A'k, a. spicy, fragrant 

ART [ ig ] ASK 

shbt. note, lose, act6r — hUt, push, mutt, fur — trul^, rye — thus, thick. 

Aromatize, ar'-d-ma-tiz^, v. a. to scent, 

to perfume 
Arose, a'-rozr, v. n. from Arise 
Around, a r&un'd, ad. in a circle, on 

every side — prep, about 
Arouse, a rbusr, v. a. to awake from 

sleep, to excite 
Arow, a-ro', ad. in a row 
Arquebuse, a'r-kwe-bus, s. a hand gun 
Arrack, ar rak', s. a sort of spirituous 
liquor [to trial, to accuse 

Arrai«n, ar-ra'nf, r. a. to bring 
Arrange, ar-ra'ndzh, v. a. to set in or- 
der or place [ins in order 
Arrangement, ar-randzh'-meiit, 5. plac- 
A riant, ar'-rant, a. bad in a high degree 
Arras, ar-ras, s rich tapestry or hang- 
ings [v. a. to put in ord^r, to deck 
Array, ar-ra', s. dress, order of battle— 
Arrear, ar-rer, s. what remains unpaid 
Arrest, ar rest', s. a legal caption or 
seizure cf the person— v. a. to seize, 
to stop, to hinder jrior court 
Arret, ar-ret', s. the decision of a supe- 
iirriere, ar rir, s. the rear of an army 
Arrival, ar-ri-val, s. the act of coming to 
a place [to reach a place or point 
Arrive, ar-rl'vp, v. a. to come to a place, 
Arrogance, aV-ro-gens, s. pride, haughty 

Arrogant, ar'-rb-gent, a. haughty, proud 
Arrogate, aY 6-gatf% v. a. to claim 

vainly, to exhibit unjust claims 
Arrow, ar-rd', s. a pointed weapon 

which is shot from a bow 
Arsenal, a'rs-nal, s. a repository or ma- 
gazine for military stores 
Arsenic, SL'rs-nfk, s. a poisonous mineral 
Art, a it, v. science, skill, cunning 
Artery, a'r-ter-y, s. a canal or tube 
which conveys the blood from the 
heart to all parts of the body 
Artful, art-fiil, a, crafty, cunning 
Arthritic, ar-tiirt t'-Yk , a. gouty, relating 
to the gout or joints [plant 

Artichoke, a'r-tt-tshdkr, s. an esculent 
Article, a'r-ttkl, s. one of the parts of 
speech, a condition of a covenant, a 
stipulation — v. n. to stipulate, make 
terms — v. a. to draw up in particular 
articles, bind by written agreement 
Articulate, ar-ttk'-u-let/.'. distinct, plain 
Articulate, ar-ttk'-u-late, r. a. to utter 
words distinctly — v. n. to speak dis- 
Articulation, ar-ttk-u-la'-shtin, s. a joint 
or knot, the act of forming words 

Artince,a'r-t?-f?s,s. trick, fraud, art,trade 
Artificer, ar tif-l-ser, s. an artist, a ma- 
nufacturer [not natural 
Artificial, ar-ti-ffsh'-al, a. made by art, 
Artillery, ar-tll-ler-y, s. weapons of 
war, cannon [workman 
Artizan, ar-ti-zan', s. an artificer, a 
Artist, ar-tYst, s. one skilled in an art 
Artless, a'rt-les, a. without art or fraud 
Artuose, ii'r-tu ose, a. strong, nervous 
Arundinous, a-r'un-din'-us, a. full of 
reeds [cause 
As, az', conj. in the same manner, be- 
Asafcetida, as-&-fe ti' da, s. a gum of an 
offensive smell [of a plant 
Asarabacca, as-a-ra-bak'-ki, s. the name 
Asbestos, az-beV-tos, s. a sort of fossile 
which may be split into threads and 
filaments, and which remains uncon- 
sumed in the fire [in the rectum 
Ascarides, as-k^r-y'-dez, s. small worms 
Ascend, as-sgnd', v. n. to mount, to 
rise, advance, stand higher in genea- 
logy — v. a. to climb up any thing 
Ascendant, as-sen'-dent, 5. height, influ- 
ence — a. superior, predominate 
Ascendency, as s£n'-den-sv, s. an influ- 
ence, superiority [cending or rising 
Ascension, as-seli'-shtin, s. the act of as- 
Ascension-day, &s-sen"-shun dk>s. Holy 
Ihursday on which the ascension of 
our Saviour is commemorated 
Ascent, &s-s£nt', s. the rising of a hill, 
an eminence [certain, to fix 
Ascertain, as ser-ta'ne, v. a. to make 
Ascetic, as-sfet'-lk, a. employed in ex- 
ercises of devotion — s. a hermit 
Ascititious, as-sl-t!sh'-u3,ff. supplemen- 
tal, additional [impute 
Ascribe, as-kri'be, v. a. to attribute, to 
Ash, ash', 5. a sort of tree [shame 
Ashamed, a-sha'md, a. touched with 
Ashes, ash'-ez, s. remains of any tiling 

burnt, remains of the body 

Ashlar, ash'-ler, s. stones out of the 

quarry unhewn [land 

Ashore, a -shore, ad. on shore, on the 

Ash-Wednesday, ashvgdnz' da, 5. the 

first day of Lent 
Ashy, ^sh'-v, a. ash coloured, pale 
Aside, %-s\de, ad. to one side, apart from 
the rest [a. belonging to an ass 

Asinary, as'-f-narv, or Asinine, as'-i-nine, 
Ask, a'sk, v. a. to petition, to claim, to 
require [liquely, aw ry 

Askance, a-ska'ns, ad. sideways, ob- 

ASS [ 20 } AST 

Sotxnds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — clvtn, chine, field, shirt- 

Aslant,a~sla'nt,ud.obliquely ,on one side 
Asleep.a-sle'pe, ad. sleeping, at rest 
Alope, a-sld'pe, ad. with declivity, ob- 
liquely [tree 
Asp, a'sp,s. a very venomous serpent, a 
Asparagus, &s-par'-a-gus, s. an esculent 
plant [sition 
Aspect, aV-p£kt,s. appearance,view,po- 
Aspen, as'-pen,s. a kind of popular tree, 

the leaves of which always tremble 
Asperate, as'-per-ate,t>. a. to make rough 
Asperity, as-per'-¥-ty,s.roughness, harsh- 
ness [censure 
Asperse, as-pers', v. a. to slander, to 
Aspersion, as-peY-shiin, s. a sprinkling, 
calumny, censure [minous 
Asphaltic, as-fal'-tik, a. gummy, bitu- 
Asphodel, as'-f d-del, a. a day-lily 
Aspick, as'-plk, s. a sort of serpent 
Aspirate, as'-pir-ate, v. a. to pronounce 

fully or strong 
Aspiration, aVpir-a'-shtin, s. an ardent 
wish or desire, the act of pronouncing 
with full breath [to aim at 

Aspire, as-pl're, v. a. to desire eagerly, 
Asquint, a-skwYnt'/'^-obliquely [fellow 
Ass, a's, s. an animal of burden, a stupid 
Assail, as-sa'le, v. a. to attack, to assau it 
Assailat'^, as-sal'-abi, a. that is liable 

to be attacked 
Assailant, as-sa'-lent, s. he that attacks 
Assassin, as-sas'-sYn, s. a s ecret mur- 
derer [der, to way-lay 
Assassinate, us-sas'-sY-nate, v. a. to -nui- 
Assault, fts salt, s. invasion, attack, vio- 
lent injury — v. a. to attack, to invade 
Assay, as-sa',5. examination, proof, trial 
— v. a to make trial of [tion of things 
Assemblage, fts-sem'-ble'dzh, s. a collec 
Assemble, as-se'm'-b'l, v. a. to bring to- 
gether— v. n. to meet together 
Assembly, as-s&n'-biy, s. a company as- 
Assent, as-sent', s. consent — y.7?.to con- 
cede, to yield to [firm, to claim 
Assert, assert', v. a. to maintain, to af- 
Assertion, as-ser'-shtin, s. the act of as- 
serting [certain sum 
Assess, as-ses', v. a. to charge with any 
Assessment, as sSs'-ment, s. a parish or 

other rate of taxation 
Assessor, Ss-seV-dr, s. the person mak- 
ing an assessment 
Assets, as'-sgts, s. effects left by one 
dead, with which his executor is to 
pay his debts [lemnly, or make oath 
Assever, £s-seV-er, v. a. to affirm so- 

Asseveration, as sev-er-a'-shuu, s. a so* 

lemn affirmation 

Assiduity, as-st-du'-Y ty, s. diligence 

Assiduous as sid'-u-us % a constant in 

application [slave contract 

As*iento, as si tn' to, $. the Spanish 

Assign, &s-si'ne, v. a. to appoint, to give 

a reason for, to make over a right to 

another [pointment, a making over 

Assignation, as sfg-na shun, s. an ap- 

Assignee, Ss sl-nc, s. one appointed to 

do any thing on behalf of others 
Assignment, as-sinr'-me'nt, s. an ap- 
pointment, conveyance of right 
Assimilate, as-slm'-Y latf , v. a. to con- 
vert to the same nature or use with 
Assist, as-sYst', v. a. to help, to aid 
Assistance, assYst'-ens, s. help, aid, re- 
lief [ — s. one who assists 
Assistant, as-sYs'tent,a. helping, aiding 
Assize, as-si'ze, ,v. a court of justice in 
counties, a statute to determine 
weights and measures [join with 
Associate, as-so'-shyatf?,t>.a. to unite, to 
Associate, as-s<7-sh£t, a. confederate — 

s. partner, confederate, companion 

Association, as-.w shVa'-shun, s. union, 

confederacy, partnership, connection 

Assort, as-so'rt, v. a to range in order, 

to class [parcel or variety 

Assortment, &s sort' ment, s. a select 

Assuage, fts-swa'dzh, v. a. to mitigate, 

appease, ease [tigating 

Assuasive, as-swa-sYv, a. softening, mi- 

Assubjugate, as-sub'-dzhii-gate, v. a. to 

subject to 
Assuetude, as'-swe-tftdr, s. custom 
Assume, &s-su'me,v.rt. to take, to claim, 
to arrogate [gaut, haughty 

Assuming, as su'm-Yng, part. a. arro- 
Assumption, as-stimp'-shtin, 5. tlie act 
of taking any thing to one's self, the 
thing supposed, a postulate 
Assumptive, as-sump'-ttv,a. that which- 

is assumed 
Assurance,&-shu'-rens,?. confidence, cer- 
tainty, intrepidity, want of modesty j 
Assure, a-shu're, v. a. to assert posi- 
tively, to secure 
Asterisk, as'-ter-Ysk,5. the mark * 
Astern, & stern', ad. in the hinder part 
of or behind the ship [lungs 

Asthma, as'-tma, s. a disease of the 
Asthmatic, as-tmat'-tk, a. troubled with 
an asthma [confound 

Astonish, &s-ton'-Ysh, v. a. to amaze, to 


[ 21 ] 


shbt. note. idse. actor — htit, push, mute, tur — iruly\rye — thus, thick. 

Astonishment. *.s-t5n- , feh'-me , nt, s. sur- j 

pme, am< zement j ar< hitecture 

Astragal, as-t & u.u l . an ornament in 

Astral, is'-tral, a /.rry, relating to the 

Astr y, S-stra', ad. out of the right way | 
Astriction, Si -trtk'-shUn> s. the act of 
contracting parts [open 

Astride, a-stri'd , ad. across with legs 
Avtrinee, as-trfn'dzh, v. a to draw to- 
gether, to bind [contracting 
Astringent, as trfn' d/.lu-nt, a. binding, 
Ast o-.-ra hy, is trog'-raf-y, *•. the art or 

describing the stars 

Astrolabe, a- trc-lab, s. an instrument 

to tike the altitude of the sun or 

at sea [foretells by stars 

oger, as-trtfl-o dzher, $. one who 

Astrological, Xs tr64odzh-y-cal, a. re- 

lating to astrology 
Astrology, as-trfil-ddzhv", *•. the practice 

of foretelling events by the stars 
Astronomer, as tr^n'-o mer, >. one who 
studies the stars [to astronomy 

Astronomic, Ss-tro-nom'-Vk, a. belonging 
Astronomy, as-trftn'-6-mtf, v. a science 
that teaches the knowledge of the 
heavenly bodies, magnitudes, mo- 
tions, distances, periods, eclipsea,&c. 
Astro- ! heology, as' tro-the-bT'-o-dzhy, s. 
divinity founded on the observation 
of the celestial bodies [not together 
Asunder,* sim -der.'zd.apart.separateiy, 
Asylum, a sV-lttm,s.a sanctuary, a refuse 
At, at', pre p. near or not quite in, in, in 
a state of. emp oyed about, ready for 
Atheism, a'-tl e-tsm, <. disbelief of a God 
Atheist, a the-Tst, s. one who denies a 
God [ism, impious 

Atheistic, a-the fs-tfV, a. given to athe- 
Athirst, i-thir'st, ad. thirsty, in want 
pf drink foorous 

Athletic, at^-ltc'-ik, a strong, lusty ,vi- 
A thwart, a-*fia'rt, prep, across, trans- 

verse to any thins, through 
Atlan"i~, at-lan tik, s. the-western sea 

or ocean 
Atlas, at'-las, ?. a collection of maps 
Atmosphere, at'-mo sf< re, \. the air that 

en om passes the earth on all sides 

Atom, at' om, v. an extremely small 

particle [atoms, minute 

Atomical, £-tt5m'-f-kal, a. consisting of 

Atone, a tone, v. n. to agree, stand as 

an equivalent for, answer for— v. a. 

to expiate 

Atonement, a tttne'-mfnt, s. satisfaction 

Atrabilarian, a' tra-bf-la' ryan,orAtrabi- 

l<nious,a'-tra-b1-la"ryus,a. melancholy 
Atiamental, a-tra-men'-tal. or Atramen- 

tous, a-tra-mo'n' tus, a. inky, black 
Atrocious, a-tro'-shyus, a. wicked in a 
high degree, enormous [edness 

Atrocity, a-tros'-l ty, s. horrible wick- 
Atrophy, a'.'-tro f y, v. a disease in wliioh 
what is taken for food cannot act as 
Attach, at-tatsh', v.a. to lay hold on, to 
win or gain over, to fix to one s in- 
terest [law, adherence 
Attachment at-atsh-me'n', 5. a V*it in 
At ack, a- tak', v. a. ro assault, to be- 
gin — s. an assauic 
Atiain, at' -tanf, v. a. to gain, to over- 
take — v. come to a certain state, 
to arrive at [be gained 
Attainable, Kt-tane'-a b'l, a. which may 
Attainder, at-tane-der, s. the act of at- 
tainting in law, taint 
Attaint, at-ta'nt, v.a. to taint, to dis- 
honour, to corrupt 
Attemper, at- t&n'-per, x> a. to qualify 
or temper, to abate, to reculate, to 
mix in just proportions proportion 
At tempera e, at-tem'-per-ate, v. a. to 
Attempt, attempt', v. a. to vemure 
upon, to try — s. an attack, an essay, 
an endeavour 
Attend, at- end', v. a. to fix the mind 
upon, to wait on, to accompany— v.n. 
to yield attention, to stay- 
Attendance, at ten'-dens, 5. the act of 

wa'ting on another 
Attendant, at-ten ,, a. accompany- 
in? as subordinate — s. one who at- 
tends another [tending or heeding 
Attention, at-t^n'-shun, s. the act of at- 
Attentive, at-te'n'-tfv, a. heedful, re- 
gardful [or slender 
Attenuant, at-tfcn'-u-ent, it. making thin 
Attenuate, at-te'n'-u-et, a. made thin or 

Attenuate, at-ten'-Ci-ate, v. a. to make 
slender, to dilute [to invoke 

Attest, at test', v. a. to bear witness of, 
Attestation, at-tes-ta'-shon, s. evidence 
Attire, at-ti'iv. v. a. to dress, to habit, 

to array— £. apparel, horns of a stag 
Attitude, at'-tt-tud^, s. posture, gesture 
Attorney, at-tor'-nV, *. one who acts for 

another, a lawyer 
Attournment, at-t6rn'-mt;nt,s.'a tenant's 
submission to a new lord 

AV& [ 22 ] AUT 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — m^t, desist, m&, her — chtn, chine, field, shirt — 

Attract, at-tr'ak't, v. a. to draw to, to 
allure, to entice [drawing 

Attraction, ax-trak'-shiin, s. the power of 
Attractive, &t tr'ak'-iiv, a. alluring, en- 
ticing [to impute 
Attribute, fct-trib'-ute, v. a. to ascribe, 
Attribute, at'-trf-bitte, s. a .hing attri- 
buted to another, a quality inherent 
in a person or thing 
Attrition, &t-trfsh'-tin, s. the act of wear- 
ing things by rubbing, imperfect, sor- 
row for sin [to tune 
Attune, Xt-t&'ne, v. a. to make musical, 
Avail, ia-va'lt?, v. a. to turn to profit, to 
promote, to assist — v. n. to be of use 
— jr. advantage, benefit [fitable 
Available, a-vaT-ab'l,a. of service, pro- 
Avant-guard, a-va'nt-gard, s. the van 
Avarice, aV-i-rfs, s. covetousness, nig- 
gardliness [greedy 
Avaricious, av-£-rYsh'-us, a. covetous, 
Avast, K-va'st, ad. hold, stop, cease 
Avaunt, &-vi' at, interj. begone, away 
Auburn, a'-burn, a. brown, of a tan 
colour [bidder 
Auction, a'k-shon, s. a sale to the best 
Auctioneer, ak-sh6n-e r, s. he that ma- 
nages an auction [bird-catching 
Aucupation, a-ku-pa-shtin, s. fowling 
Audacious, a-da'-shus,s. bold, impudent 
Audacity, a-das -l-ty", s. spirit, boldness 
Audible, a'-dibl, a. that may be heard, 

Audience,4'd yens, s. the act of hearing, 
liberty of speaking granted, an as- 
semblage of persons to hear any thing 
Audit, a'-dlt, s. a final account — v. a. 

to take an account finally 
Auditor, a'-df-t6r, s. a hearer, an'exa- 

miner of accounts 
Auditory, a'-dttor-^, s. a collection of 
persons assembled to hear, a place 
where lectures are to be heard 
Avenge, a-vgndzh', v. a. to revenge, to 

Avenue, av'-e-nfi, s. an entrance to a 
I < place, an alley, or walk 
Aver, &-ver', v. a. to declare positively 
Average, aV-er-edzh, s. the mean or 

medium of any given quantities 
Averment, a-ver-ment, s. an affirmation 
Averse, a'-vers, a. contrary, not favour- 
able to 
Aversion, a'-ver'-shun, s. hatred, dislike 
Avert, a-v£rt', v. a. to turn aside or off" 
A uger, a'-ger, s. tool to bore holes with 
Aught, a't, prep, any thing 

Augment, ag-ment', v. a. to increase, to 
make bigger [act of increasing 

Augmentation, a'g-men ta"-shun, s. the 
Augur, a-gur, s. one who predicts bj 
the flight of birds. &c. — v. n. to 
guess, to conjecture by signs 
Augury, a'-gu ry, s. the act of prognos- 
ticating by the flight, feeding, &c. of 
birds, &c. 
August, a-gtist', a. grand, magnificent 
August, a' -gust, s. the eighth month 
Aviary, a'v-yar-y, 5. a place for keeping 
birds in [ness 

Avidity, a-vfd'-l-ty, s. greediness, eager- 
Aulick, a h'k, a. belonging to a court 
Auln, a'n, s. an ell. 

Aunt, a'nt, s. a father or mother's sister 
Avocate, av'-d-kate, v. a. to call away 
Avocation, av-6-ka-shttn, s. the act of 
calling aside [ — v. n. to retire 

Avoid, i-vbYd, v. a. to shun, to escape 
Avoidance, &-vtftd'-ens, s. the act of 
avoiding [ounces weight 

Avoirdupois, a-ver du' p5i'z, a. sixteen 
Avolation, i-vo-la'-shun, s. the act of 

flying away 
Avouch, a-vtiu'tsh, v. a. to affirm, to 
vindicate, to justify — s. a declara- 
tion, evidenced [openl; 
Avow, i(-v6V, v. a. to justify, to dec-lard. 
Avowal, a-vow'-al, s. a positive or open 
declaration [distress 
Avowry, &-v6V-ry", s. reason of taking 
Aurelia, a re 1-ya, s. the first apparent 
change of a maggot before it becomes 
a fly [appendages of the hear* 
Auricle, a'-rtkl, s. the external ear, two 
Auricula, a»rtk'-u-Hr, s. a flower 
Auricular, a rtk'-ft lar, a. within hear 
ing, told in secret [duces gold 
Auriferous, a-rff er-us, a. that pro- 
Aurora, a rd'-ra, s. a sort of crowfoot, 
the goddess that opens the gates of 
day, poetically the morning 
Aurora-borealis, a -ro •ra-bd-re-a'-lYs, 5. a 
light streaming in the night from the 
north [tening to 
Auscultation, as-ktil-ta-shtin, s. a lis- 
Auspice, a's-pfs, s. an omen, favour, in- 
fluence [favourable, happy 
Auspicious, as-pfsh'-us, a. prosperous, 
Austere, as-te're,a. severe, harsh, rigid, 
sour [tified life, cruelty 
Austerity, as-ter'-i-ty, s. severity, mor- 
Austral, a's-tral, a. southern 
Authentic, a-the'n'-t'ik, a. genuine, ori- 


[ 23 ] 


shtit, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, f6r — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Authenticity, a-tn£n ttV-t-t^, s. autho- 
rity, genuineness 
Author, a'-thor, s. the first beginner or 
mover of any thing, the writer of any 
tiling [or writer 

Authoress, a'-trioY-l's, s. a female author 
Autho; itative, a-tftor'-f-ta-ti'v, a. having 
authority [influence, rule 

Authority, a-tftbr-f'-ty, s. legal power, 
Authorize, *'- trio rlze, v. a. to impower, 
to make legal, to justify [ing 

Autograph, .Y-to-graf, s. one's own writ- 
Autography, a-tog'-raT-^, s. an original 
writing [the power of moving itself 
Automatical, a-to-m&t'-?-kal, a. having 
Automaton, a-tum'-^-ton, s. a machine 
that hath the power of motion with- 
in itself [itself the power of motion 
Automatous, &-t5m'-£-tus, a. having in 
Autumn, a'- turn, s. the season between 
summer and winter [autumn 

Autumnal, a-tum'-nal, a. belonging to 
Avulsion, S-vul'-shun, s. the act of pul- 
ling one thing from another 
Auxiliar, zg-zW-yiv, or Auxiliary, ag- 
zfl'-var-v, s. a helper, an assistant— 
a. helping, assisting [for, to attend 
Await, a-wa ts, v. a. to expect, to wait 
A T vake, a-wake, v. a. to rouse out of 
sleep or drowsiness — v. n. to break 
from sleep, to cease to sleep — a. 
Without sleep, not sleeping 
Award, 4-wa'rd, v. a. to adjudge — v. n. 
to determine— *. judgment, determi- 
Aware, a -ware, a vigilant, attentive I 

Away, &-wa', ad. out of the way, not 

present— interj. let us go, begone 
Awe, a', s. dread, fear, reverence— v. a. 

to strike with reverence or fear 
Awful, a'-ful, a. striking with awe or 

reverence, terrible 
Awfu'ness, a-ful-ne's, s. solemnity 
Awhile, S-hwi'le, ad. a time 
Awkward, a'k-ward, a. inelegant, un- 
handy, clumsy [holes 
Awl, al, s. a pointed instrument to bore 
Awme, a'm, 5. a Dutch measure equal 

to our tierce 
Awn, a'n, s. a pike or beard of corn 
Awning, a-ning, s. any covering spread 
over a boat or vessel to keep off the 
Awoke, &-wo'ke, irregular pret. of 

Awry, a^wry*, ad. obliquely, asquint, 

Axe, <tks', 5. an instrument to cut wood 
Axiom, ak'-shom, s. a self-evident pro- 
Axis, ak'-sts, s, a real or imaginary line 

on which any thing may revolve 
Axle, 'ax'!, or Axletree, aYl-tre, s. a 
piece of timber on which the wheel* 
of a carriage turn 
Ay, a'y, ad. yes 
Aye, a', ad. always, for ever 
Azimuth, az'-y-mutfi,*. an arch between 
the meridian of the place and a ver- 
ticle circle passing through the sun 
or star, an astronomical instrument. 
Azure, a'dzh-ur, a. blue, faint blue 


T^AA, ba. s. the cry "of sheep— v. n. 

to bleat or cry like a sheep 
Babble, bab'l, v. n. to prattle, to talk 

idly, to tell secrets— s. idle talk, 

senseless prattle 
Babe, ba'be, s. an infant 
Babler, bab-'l-er, s. an idle talker 
Baboon, ba-bo'nc, s. a monkey of the 

largest kind 
Baby, ba-'by, s. an infant, a doll 
Baccated, bak-ka-t£d, a. beset with 

pearls, having berries [aid 

Bacchanalian,bak'-ka-n£'l-yan,6\a drunk- 
Bacchanals, bak'-ka-nalz, *. drunken 


Bacciferous, b&kslf-er*us, a. bearing 

Bachelor, b&tsh'-el6r, s. an unmarried 
man, one who has taken his first de- 
gree, a knight of the lowest order 
Back, baV, s. the hinder part — v. a. to 
mount a horse, to maintain, to justify 
to support, to second [absent person 
Backbite, baY-bite, v. a. to censure an 
Backed, bakt', a. having a back 
Backgammon, bak-gam-'rn6n, s. a play 

or game with dice and tables 
Backslide, bak' slide, v. n, to fall off 
Backstays, baV-staze, s. ropes which 
keep the mast from pitching forward 


C «4 ] 


Sounds— hat, hat", hall, liar— rn^t, desist, nie, hei— chtn, chine, Held, shirt- 

Backsword^ bak' sord, a. a sword with 
one sharp edge (sluggish 

£ac ward, bak' ward, a. unwilling, dull, 
Bacon, ba'kn, s. hog's flesh salted and 
dried [hurtful, sick 

Bad, bad', a. not good,vicious, unhappy, 
Bad, had', Bade, bad', pret. of 'Bid 
Badge, b^dzh', s. a mark of distinction, 
a token — v.a. to mark [sort of pedlar 
Badger, bad' zher, s. a sort of animal, a 
Badness, bad'-ngs, s. want of good qua- 
lities [to deceive 
Baffle, baf'l, v.a. to elude, to confound, 
Bag, bag', s. a sack or pouch 
Baggatelle, Mg' a-tel', s, a trifle 
Baggage, bSg'-ge'dzh, s. the furniture of 

an army, a worthless woman 

Bagnio, ban' yo, S. a house for bathing 

or sweating, a brothel [instrument 

Bagpipe, bag-pipe, s. a sort of musical 

Bagpiper, bag-pi-per, s. a player on the 

Bail, ba'-le, s. a surety given for a per 
son's appearance — v.a to give bail, 
to admit to bail 
Bailiff, ba' Iff, s. an officer who executes 
or arrests, an under steward of a 
manor [of a bailiff 

Bailiwick, ba'-lY-wYk, ?. the jurisdiction 
Bait, bate, v. a. to put meat to terns >t 
animals, to set dogs upon— v. v. to 
stop for refreshment— s. meat set to 
allure, temptation, refreshment 
.Ba'ze, baze, s. a kind of coarse nappy 

Bake, bake, v. a. to dress victuals in 
an oven, to harden in the fire — v. n. 
to do the work of baking 
t^lance, bai' ens, s. a pair of scales, 
difference of accounts, beating part 
of a watch, the sign Libra — v. a. to 
"Weigh, to counterpoize, io regulate 
an account— v. n. to hesitate 
Balcony, bal-ko'n^, s. a frame of wood 
or stone before the window of a room 
Bald, bald, a. without hair, unadorned, 


Balderdash, ba'l der-dash, s. a rude 

mixture, illiterate discourse [diack 

Baldrick, ba'l drtk, s. a girdle, the zo- 

Bale, bale,s. a bundle of goods, misery, 

Balefu', - a'le-ful, a. pernicious 
Balk, bak, .«. a great beam, a ridge of 
land unploughed, a disappointment 
when least expected— v. a. to disap- 
point, to frustrate, to miss 

Ball, ba'l, s. any thing round, enter 

tainment of dancing 
'a lad, b<>l l<id, a. a -ort of song 
Ballast, baT-last, #. something put at 

the bottom of a -hip to keep it^teadj 
— v. 7i. to put ballast in a -hip 
Ballet, bal'-lft, 9. a sort of dance 
Balloon, bal-lo'nc , s. a round short" 

necked chemical vessel, a Jo e tilled 

with light air to carry a weight into 

the atmosphere 
Ballot, bal'-lot, s. a little ba lot or 

ticke' used in giving votes— v. n. to 

choose by ballot 
Balm, ba'm, s. a s rt of sweet plant— 

v. u. to anoint with balm, to sooth, 

to assuage 
Balmy, bal'-m?, a. having the qualities 

of balm, odoriferous. s-,o hing,soft 
Balneary, bal'-nc-ar-?, s. a barhina room 
Balsam, ba-'-sam, s, a shrub, an oint- 
ment [tigating 
Balsamic, bal-sam'-ik, a. unctuous mi- 
Baluster, bal-us-te'r, s. a stmil column 

or pillar [s all pillars 

Balustrade, b61-us-tra'de, \t a row of 
Bam, barn, s. a cheat, a fraud 
Bamboo, b*m,'-bo, s. an indidn plant of 

the reed kind [to trie* 

Bami-oozle, ba i '-boz'l, x>. a. to deceive, 
Ban, ban', s. a pui lie notice, a curse, an 

interdiction — t'. a. to curse, execrate 
Banana-tee. ha-na-nS-tre, s. a tpecies 

of the plantain 
Band, band', s. a tie, a bandaee, an or- 
nament for the neck, a company 
Bandage, ban' d< d*h,.s something bound 

over another, a fillet or rol er 
Bandbox, band-boks,s. a thin, sli. ht box 
Bandelet, ban'-del-£t, s. a Hat moulding 

or fil et [plunderers 

Bandittijban-dYt-ty, .$. outlaws, robbers, 
Bandoleers, bSn-do-ltr'z, s cases fo. 

charges of powder 
Bandy, ban'-dy\ s. a crooked stick— a. 

crooked— v. a. to to ; s to and frc to 

asitate or discuss— v. n. to contend 
BandylcL-oed, ban'-dy legd, a. having 

crooked legs 
Bane, ba'ne, s poison, mischief, ruin 
Baneful, bane-nil, a. poisonous, des» 

Bang, bang', v. a> to thump, to handle 

roughly— s. a blow, a thump 
Banish, ban'-fsh, v. a. to send or drive 

away, to condemn to leave hit ow - ., 



C 23 ] 


sh6t, note, lose, act6r — htft, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Binishment,ban' fsh.ment,s.exiled state 

Bank, bSngk', s. earth rising on each 

side of a river, a shoal of sand, a place 

wnere money is kept 

Bank-bill, bangk' bil,v.a note for money 

in a bank 
Banker,bSm.»k'-er,9.onethat keeps a bank 
Bankrupt, bangk'-rtipt, s. one incapable 
of paying his debts, or against whom 
a commission of bankruptcy is 
awarded [of a bankrupt 

Bankruptcy, b&ngk'-rupt-s¥, 5. the state 
Banner, ban'-ner, *. a military flag or 
standard [in the field 

Banneret, ban'-ner-e't, s. a knight made 
Bannian, ban-yan, s. a sort of light un- 
dress [meal cake 
Bannnock.baV-ncik, s. an oaten or pease 
Banns, b&nz, s. public notice before 

Banquet, bang'-kwfet, s. a feast 
Bansticle, ,ban'-sttkl, s. a very small 

prickly fish 
"Ranter, ban'-ter, v. a. to play upon, to 
rally— s. ridicule, raillery [another 
Banterer, ban-ter-er', s. one who rallies 
Bantling, banV-lfng, s. a little child 
Baptismal, bap tfz'-mal, «. relating to 
baptism [baptizing at 

Baptistery, bap'-tYs- ter-y, s. a place for 
baptize, bap tize, v. a. to christen 
Bar, bar, 5. a long piece of wood or iron, 
a shallow bank at the entrance of a 
harbour, where causes of law are 
tried, a small room in a tave a, a 
perpendicular stroke through the 
lines (in music) — v. a. to fasten vvith 
a bolt, to hinder or obstruct 
Barb, barb, s. a beard, the points that 
stand backward in an arrow, a Bar- 
bary horse — v. a. to shave the beard, 
to furnish a horse with armour, to 
point an arrow 
Barbarian, bar- ba'-ryan, s. a rude un 
civilized person, a man without pity 
Barbarism, bar-bar-Yzm, s. an uncouth 
manner of speaking or writing, igno- 
rance, brutality, cruelty 
Barbaritv, bar-bar f-ty, s. inhumanity 
Barbarous, ba'r-ba rtis, a. savage, un- 
civilized, ignorant, inhuman 
Barbecue, bar-be* ku, v. a. to dress a 

whole hog — s. a hog dressed whole 
Barbed, ba'rbed or bar'bd, part, fur- 
nished with armour, bearded, jagged 
with hooks 
Barbel, ba'r-b'l, *. a kind of river fish 

Barber, ba'r-ber, *. one whose trade is 
to shave 

Barberry, b^r-ber rtf, ?. a sort of bush 

Barbican, bar by-kan, s. an outward 
fortification, an opening in the wall 
for guns 

Bard, ba'rd, s. a poet 

Bare, bare, a. naked, uncovered, un- 
adorned, poor 

Barefaced, bare faste, a. shameless, 

Barefoot, ba're fist, a. without shoes 

Bareheaded, ba'-re-he'd-ed, a. uncover- 
ed, without a hat, &c. [verty 

Bareness, bare-lie's, s. nakedness, po- 

Bargain, bar-gin, s. an agreement for 
any thing, a thing bought or sold— v. 
7? * to make an agreement 

Barge, ba'rdzh, s. a large roat for plea- 
sure or burden 

Bargeman, ba'rdzh-ma'n, s. the owner 
or manager of a barge 

Barilla, ba-rf '-la, s. potashes used in 
making glass 

Bark, bark, s. the rind of a tree, a small 
ship — v. a. to strip off bark — v. n. to 
make a noise like a dog, to clamour at 

Barley, ba'rl?, 5 the grain of which 
malt is made 

Barleycorn, ba'r-K'-k bra , s. tne grain of 
barley, the third part of an inch 

Barm, qa'rm, s. yeast for making drink, 

Barn, ba'rn, s. a storehouse for corn, 

Barnacle, ba'r-nak'I, $. a bird like a 
goose, a species of shell fish [glass 

Barometer, ba-rom'-e-ter, s. '•» weather 

Barometrical, haro-mfe-t-rtk-ar, a. re- 
lating to the barometer 

Baron, ba'r on, 5. a nobleman next be- 
low a viscount, two surloins of beef 

Baronage, bar'-6n-edzh, 5. dignity of a 

Baronet, baY-on-e't, ?. the lowest degree 
of honour that is hereditary, next in 
rank to a baron 

Barony, bar' -on-?, s. the lordship that 
gives title to a baron 

Baroscope, baV-os-kope, s. an instru- 
ment to shew the weight of the at- 
mosphere [kind of cambiet 

Barracan, bar'-ra kan, s. a strong thick 

Barrack, baV-rak, s. a building to lodgs 
soldiers [encourager of law-suJM 

Barrator, bar'-ra-tdr, s. a wrangler arU 


I 36 1 


Sound9—\&t, hate, hill, liir — met, desist, mft, her— cMn, chine, field, shirt 

Barratry, bar'-rS-tr^, *. a foul practice 

itx law 
Barrel, bar'-rel, s. a round wooden ves- 
sel, the hollow tube of a gun 

Barrel, bar'-rel, v. a. to put any thing 
in barrels [tive, unmeaning, dull, 

Barren, bar'-ren, a. sterile, not produc- 

Barrenness, b&r-ren-nes, s. sterility 

Barricade, bar-rt-ka'de, s. a fortification, 
an obstruction — v. a. to stop up and 

BarFicado, bar-ri-ka'-db, s. a fortifica- 
tion, a bar-—©, a. to fortify, to bar 

Barrier, baY-ry^r, s. a boundary, a de- 
fence, a mark for the limits of a place 

Barrister, baY-ri's-ter, s. an advocate, a 

Barrow, baY-ro, s. a small hand car- 
riage, a mound of earth in honour of' 
those who died in battle 

Barter, bar-ter, v. n. <*o traffic by ex- 
change — v. a. to give any thing in 
exchange— s. an exchange 

Base, base, a. worthless, of low station, 
in music deep or grave — s. founda- 
tion of any thing, pedestal of a sta- 

Baseness, base-nes, s. meanness,vileness 

Bashaw, biish-a, s. a viceroy of a Turk- 
ish province [facf d 

Bashful, b^sh-ful, a. modest, shame- 

Bashfulness, bash-ftil-n&3, *. rustic 

Basil, baz'-fl, s. a plant, the edge of a 
joiner's tool, skin of a sheep tanned 
— v. a. to slope to an edge 

Basilicon, b&-s11-lk-6n, s. an ointment 

Basilisk/ baY-t-h'sk, s. a kind of ser- 
pent, a species of cannon 

Basin, fba's'n, s. a small vessel to hold 
water, a pond, a dock for repairing 
and building ships 

Basis, ba'-sts, s. foundation of any 
thing, lowest of the three principal 
parts of a column, the foot or pedes- 

Bask„ba'sk, v. a. to warm by laying in 
the heat — v. n. to lie in the heat of 
the sun or fire [twigs or rushes 

Basket, baVket, s. a vessel made of 

Bason, see Basin 

Bass, base, a. grave or deep in music 

Bass, b%s, s. a mat used in churches 

Basset, bas'-set, s. a game at cards 

Bassoon, bas sone, s. a musical wind 

Bass relief, bas-rg-lii, s. raised work 

Bastard, ba's-tard, t. a person born out 

of wedlock, any thing spurious— a. 

begotten out of wedlock, spurious 
Bastardize, bK's tar-dize, v. a to declare 

a child illegitimate, to beget a bastard 
Baste, baste, v. a. to beat with a stick, 

to pour butter upon meat, to sew 

Bastinade, bas-tY-na'de, v. a. to beat 

with a cudgel 
Bastion, bastyon, s. * bulwark, fortress 
Bat, bat', jj>. a club to strike a ball with, 

a small winged animal like a mouse 
Batch, batsh', s. a quantity of bread 

baked, or made at once 
Bate, bate, s. strife, contention— v.a. 

to lessen, to abate in price, to remit 
Bat-fowling, bat-f6w-lYng, s. birdc&lch- 

ing in the night-time 
Bath, b&'th, s. a place to bathe in, a 

measure [to soften 

Rathe, ba'the, v. a. to wash in a bath, 
Batoon, b&-tone, s. a staff or .club, a 

truncheon or marshal's staff 
Battalion, bittal-y6n, s. a division of 

an army, a body of foot soldiers, in 

number from 500 to 600 men 
Batten, Mt'n v. a. to fatten, to fertilize* 
— v. n. to grow fast — s. a narrow piece 

of board 
Batter, bk't'-ter, v. a. to beat, to beat 

down— s. a mixture of flour, eggs # 

milk, and salt 
Battery, bat'-ter-y, s. a raised work on 

which cannons are mounted, in law 

a violent assault 
Battle, bat'l, s. a fight, an encounter 
Battle-array, bat'l-a>-ra, 5. crder of 

Battle-axe, b&t'l-aks, s. a sort of weapon 
Battle-door, b&tl-ddre, #. an instrument 

forfstriking a ball or shuttlecock 
Battlement, b&t'l-me'nt, s. a wall with 

open places to look through to r annoy 

an enemy [penny 

Baubee, ba-bS, s. in Scotland a half- 
Bavin, baVln, *. a small bundle of 

wood, a faggot 
Bawble, ba'bl, *. a gew-gaw, a trinket 
Bawd, ba'd, s. a procurer or procuress 
Bawl, ba'l, v. n. to cry "out, to talk loud 
I — v. a. to proclaim (as a crier) * 
Bay, ba, a. of a colour inclining to 

chesnut — s. a road for ships, a species 

of laurel tree — v. n. to bark as a dog 

— v. a. to bark at [crown 

Bays, base, I. a garland, an honorary 


[ 27 ] 


shtft, note, lose, act6r — htit, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Bay salt, ba'-sa'lt, s. a salt of a brown 

colour made from sea water 
Bayonet, ba 6n-fet, s. a weapon fixed at 

tlie end of a musket 
Bdellium, dgl-lyum, .5. an aromatic gum 
Be, be, r. n. to exist, to have existence 
Beach, betch, s. the shore, the strand 
Beacon, be'k'n, s. a mark erected to di- 
rect navigators 

Bead, bede, s. a globular body, a small 
round ball of which necklaces and 
rosaries are made 

Beadle, be'd'l. s. a petty officer in pa- 
rishes, or trading companies 

Beagle, beg'i, s. a small hound to hunt 
hares . 

Beak, beke, s. the bill of a bird, a pro- 

Beaker, be'-ker, s. a cup with a spout 
in the form of a bird's beak 

Beam, beme, s. a large piece of timber, 
a part of a balance, a ray of light— 
i>. n. to emit rays 

Bean, bene, 5. a well-known kind of 

Bear, bare, v. a. to carry a load, to 
carry in remembrance, to convey, to 
support, to endure, to produce — v.n. 
to sufter pain, to be patient, to be 
fruitful — s. a rough savage animal, 
the name of two constellations 
called the greater and lesser bear 

Beard, be'rd, s. hair on the chin, the 
barb of an arrow, Sec. 

Bear-garden. baregSrd'n, s. a place in 
which bears are kept for sport, any 
pace of tumult 

Bearing, ba-rfng, s. the situation of any 
place, both as to distance and direc- 
tion, gesture, mien, behaviour 

Beast, beste, s. an irrational animal, a 
brutish man 

Beat, bC'te, v, a. to strike, knock, to 
conquer— v. n. to throb, to fluctuate 

Beatific, be-a-tff'-Yk, a. blissful (used 
only of heavenly fruition after death) 

Beatification, be-St-t-fY-ka-shtin, s. 'an 
acknowledgment made by the pope 
that the pe-son is in heaven and may 
be reverenced as blessed 

Beatify, be-at-Y-ft, v. a. to bless with 
celestial enjoyment 

Beating, be-tmg, s. correction by blows 

Beatitude, bg-at'-Y-tudp, s, blessedness, 

Beau, bo, t. a man of dress, a cox- 

Beaver, be'ver, s. an amphibious ani- 
mal, remarkable for his art in build- 
ing his habitation, a hat made of its 
fur, the part of a helmet that covers 
the face 
Beauteous, brA'-tyus, a. fair, elegant 
Beautiful, bu-ty-ful, a. fair, handsome 
Beautify, bu'-tf f^, v. a. to adorn, to 

Beauty, bu-tV, s. gracefulness, 'a fine 

appearance, a beautiful person 
Becalm, be-ka'm, v. a. to still, to quiet 

the wind 
Became, be ka'me, pret. of become 
Because, bg ka'z, conj. for this reason, 

on this account 
Beck, bek', v. n. to make a sign with 
the head— v. a. to call or guide as by 
a motion of the head— s. a nod 
Beckon, be'k'n, v. n. to make a sign— 

v. a. to make a sign to 
Become, be-kom', v. n. to enter into 
some state or condition — v. a. to 
suit, to be tit, to grace 
Becoming, bg kdm'-Yng, part. a. pleas- 
ing, graceful 
Bed, becT, s a place to lie on, a lodg- 
ing, a bank of earth raised in a gar- 
den, the channel of a river, a layer, 
a stratum [besprinkle 

Bedabble, be-d^bl, r. a. to wet, to 
Be daggle, be dag'l, v. a. to bemire 
Bedawb, be-dib, v a. to besmear 
Eodazzle, be-diz'l, v. a. to make the 
sight dim [to sleep in 

Bedchamber, be'd-tshime-ber, s. a room 
Bedcloaths, bed-cldz, s. covering of a 

Bedding, be'd'-ding, s. the materials of 
a bed [adorn 

Bedeck, be-dek', v. a. to deck, to 
Bedew, be-d&', v. a. to moisten as with 
dew [the same bed 

Bedfellow, bfe'd-fel-lo, 5. one who lies in 
Bedlam, be'd'-lam, s. a madhouse 
Eedlamite, becl'-l&-mite, s. a madman 
Bedrid, bgd'-rfd, a. confined to bed by 

ase or sickness 
Bedstead, bed'-sted, s. the frame on 

which the bed is placed 
Bee, be', s. an insect that makes honey, 

an industrious and careful person 
Beech, betsh, s. a tree 
Beechen, betsh'n, a. consisting of the 

wood of the beech 
Beef, bcfe.s. the flesh of ox or cow 

BEH [ £8 ] * BEL 

JS&unds — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, mS, hei — chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Beef-eater, beT -e-ter, s. a yeoman of the 
! guard 

Beehive, be-hive, s. a cover for bees 
Beer, be 're, s. a liquor made of malt and 

Beet, be te, s. a sort of plant (mallet 
Beetle, be'r'l, s. a sort of insect, a heavy 
Beeves, be'vz, s. black cattle, oxen 
Befal, be-fal, v. n. to come to pass, to 

happen to [able to 

Befit, be-rit', %. a. to suit, to be suit- 
Befool, be-f 61, v. a. to delude 
Before, before, prep, further onward, 

not behind in the presence of, prior 

to, sooner 
Beforehand, be-fd 're-h»nd, ad. in a state 

of anticipation, previously [soil 

Befoul, be-f6ul, v. a. to make foul, to 
Befriend, be -frond, v. a. tofavonr, to 

be kind to [toas^, to implore 

Ee<r, beg', v. n. to live upon alms — v.a. 
Began, be gan, pret. oj begin 
Beget, be-get', v. a. to generate, to 

produ'. e [begging 

Beggar,'-gar, s. one who lives by 
Beggarly, beg-gar-l?, a. mean, stingy, 

indigent— ad. meanly, stingily 
Beggary, beg'-gar-y', s. great want, indi- 

Begin, e gin', v. >'. to enter upon, to 

commence — v. a. to do the first act 

of any thing, to begin with, to enter 

upon [any thin. 

Beginner, be-gm ner, s. one who begins 
Beginning, be-gtn' -ntng, s. the original 

cause, the rudiments or first grounds, 

the first part 
Begird, be-,ird', or Begirt, be girt', v. a. 

to bind with ?. girdle, to surround 
Begone, be gtfn', inter, get away ! go 

hence ! 
Begot, be-gtit', pret. of Beget 
Begotten, be-got'n, part, of Beget 
Begrime, be-grime, v. a. to soil, to 

dirty with soot [ceive 

Begui e, be-gi'ie, v. a. to delude, to de- 
Begun, be gun', part of Begin [support 
Behalf, be-ha'f, s. favour, vindication, 
Behave, be have, v. a. to conduct — 

v. n. to act, to conduct one's self 
Behaviour, be-have-yor, s. manner of ! 

action, conduct, course of life 
Behead, be-hfe'd', v. a. to kill by cuttin-*- 

off the heap [BehoV 

Beheld, be held,, pret. and part, of 
Behemoth, be he-mtttft, s. the hippopo- 
tamus or river horse 

Behest, be-hfe'st', s. a command or pre- 
Behind, behind, prep, at the back of, 
following another, remaining after, 
inferior to 
Behindhand, be-hlnd hand, ad. late in 
t me, in arrears [ — inter, see, lo 
Behold, be hold, v. a. to view, to see 
Beholden, be hb'ld'n, part, obliged in 

Behoof, be hft'fe, s. profit, advantage 
Behoove, behove, v. befit 
Being, be-in g, s. existence, a particular 
state or condition, the person exist- 
ing [thump 
Belabour, be la-b6r, v. a. to beat, to 
Belated, be la' t£d,o.too late, benighted 
Belay, be la', v. a. to lay wait for, to 
fa. ten a rope [the stomach 
Belch, belsh', v. n. to eject wind from 
Beldam, beT dam, s. a scolding woman, 
a hag [to block up 
Beleaguer, be-le'-gur, v. n. to besiege, 
Belfry, beT fry", s. a place where the 
bells hang [guilt 
Belial, be-ly-al, s. the devil, wickedness, 
Belie, be-lie', v. a. to slander, to ca- 
lumniate [an opinion 
Belief, be-li'f, s. persuasion, a creed, 
Believj, be-lt'v, v. a. to give credit, to 
put confidence in -i>. n. to have faith 
or a firm persuasion of any thing 
Believer, be-liv-er, s. one who believes 
Belike, be-li'ke, ad. probably, perhaps, 

Bell, beT, s. a hollow sounding vessel 
BeBe, t>eT, 6. a gay young lady [ture Lettres, beT let r, s. polite litera- 
Be'iigpren., bel-hdzh'-er^nt,a. engaged 

in war 
Bellow, beT-lo, v. n. to roar like a bull, 
io vociferate, to roar as the ^ea, &c. 
Bel'ows, bel los, s. an instrument for 
blowing the fire [body 

L'elly, beT ly", s. the lower part of tb m 
Belman, beT-m'an,*. a public ciier 
Belmetal, beT-met'l, s. a mixture of 
copper and pewter [victuals 

Belly-timber, bel-ty-tim-ber, 5. food, 
Belong, be-long', v. n. to be the pro- 
perty of, to have relation to 
Beloved, be-16v'd, a. dear to 
Below, be-16', ad. lower in place, in- 
Belt, belt', s. a girdle, a cincture 
Bel ether, belWeth-er, s.a sheep which 
1 dstheflockwithabellonhisneck 

be a 

t 59 ] 


sh&t, note, ldse, actor— hut, push, mute, far— truly, rye— tlius, thick. 

Bemire, be-ml're, v. a. to soil, to daub 
with mire fbewail 

Bemoan, be mone, v. a. to lament, to 
Bench, bensh', s. a seat, a seat of jus- 
tice, the persons sitting upon a bench 
Bencher, ben'-sher, s. a senior in the 

inns of court 
Bend, bend', v. a. to make crooked, to 

subdue — v. n. to bow, to crook 
Beneath, be'neth, prep, under, lower 

in place, unworthy of 
Benediction, be'n-e'-dlk'-shun, s. a bles- 
sing,an acknowledgment for blessings 
received [table gift, a benefit 

Benefaction, ben-e-f ak'-shiin, s. a chari- 
Benefactor, ben-e"-f£k'-t6r, s. he that 
confers a benefit [confers a benefit 
Benefactress, hgae-f&kr.tre's, s. she who 
Benefice, ben'-e-f Ys,s. a benefit, a church 
living [goodness 

Beneficence, be-ne'f-'f-se'ns, 5. active 
Beneficent, b^-neT-l-sent, a. kind, do- 
ing good fous, useful 
Beneficial, bene-fish-al,^ advantage- 
Beneficiary, ben-e-f fsh'-ar-y, s. one who 
holds a benefice [tage 
Benefit, bt'n'-e-f tt, s. kindness, advan- 
Benevolence, be-nev-o-lens, s. kindness, 

Benevolent, be n8v' o-lent, a. kind, 
good, affectionate [ton 

Bengal, bc'n-ga'J, s. a slight indian cot 
Benign, be-ni'ne, a. kind, generous, 
wholesome [kindness 

Benignity, be-nYg'-ni-ty, s. graciousness, 
Benison, beVt-srin, s. a blessing, a be- 
Bennet, ben'-ne't, s. a sort of herb 
Bent, bent', s. a curve, tendency, in- 
clination, declivity, determination 
Benumb, be ntim', v. a. to make torpid, 

to stupify 
Benzoin, ben'-zbYn, s. a medical kind of 

resin, vulgarly called Benjamin 

Bequeath, be-kwe'th, v. a. to leave by 

will [will 

Bequest, be-kwest, s. something left by 

Bereave, be-reve, v. a. to deprive of, to 

take away 
Bergamo t, her' ga-mbt, s. a sort of pear, 

an essence or perfume 
Bercamote, berg'-mote,s.a court for de 

ciding controversies among miners 
Berlin, ber-ltn, 5. a coach of a particu- 
lar form first used at Berlin 
Bernardine, ber'-nar-dfn, s. a monk of 
the order of St. Bernard 

Berry, beY-r^, s. the fruit of severa 

shrubs and trees 
Beryl, ber'-yi, 5. a precious stone 
Beseech, be-se'tch, v. a. to intreat, U 
beg, to implore [befi* 

Beseem, be-seme, v. n. to become, to 
Beset, be-seV, v. a. to waylay, to haras? 
Beshrew, be-shru, v. a. to curse, tc 

happen ill to 
Beside, beside, or Besides, be-s7di 

prep, near, over and above 
Besiege, be'-sfdzh, v. a. to lay siege to, 

to beset with armed forces 

Besmear, be-sme're, v. a. to bedaub, tt 

soil, to foul [smoke 

Besmoke, be-smoke, v. a. to foul with 

Besmut, be-smut', v, a. to blacken with 

Besom, be'z-6m, s, an instrument to 
sweep with ;[pify with liquor 

Besot, be-s&t, v. a. to infatuate, to stu 
Besought, be-sat, part, of Beseech 
Bespangle, be spangl, v. a. to adorn 
with spangles [with dirt 

Bespatter, be-spat'-ter, v. a. to splash 
Bespeak, rbe-spe'ke, v. a. to order, to 

speak to, to betoken 
Bespread, be-spre'd', v. a. to spread ovei 
Besprinkle, be sprfnk'l, V. a. to sprinkle 

Best, be'st', a, most good, fittest 
Aestial, beV tyal, a, like a beast, bru- 
tal, carnal [to hasten 
Bestir, be-tir'/ v. a. to move quickly, 
Bestow,, bf7s-to, v. a. to confer upon, to 
apply [scatter about 
Bestrew, be-stro', v. a. to strew or 
Bestride, be-stri'de, v. a. to stride over, 

to step over 
Bet, bet', s. a wager — v. a. to w r ager 
Betake, be-ta'ke, v. a. to seize, to have 
recourse to [reflect 

Bethink, be-think', v. a. to recollect, tc 
Betide, be-ti'de, v. n. to happen to, to 
come to pass \ad. seasonably, early 
Betime, be-ti'me, or Betimes, be-ti'mz, 
Betle, betl, s. an Indian plant called 
water pepper /oreshow 

Betoken, be-to'k'n, v. a to signify, to 
Betony, bfet'-o-n^, s. a sort of plant 
Betray, be-tra', v. a. to deliver up trea- 
cherously, to divulge, to discover 
Betroth, betroth, v. a. to give or re 
ceive a promise of marriage, to af- 
fiance [or, more goOv! 
Better, bet'-ter, 0. a. improved, superv 
D 3,. 

BIG [ 30 ] r BIP 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, m6, her — chfn, chine, Held, shirt— 

Between, be-twene, prep, in the middle 
Betwixt, bt-twtkst, prep, between 
Bevel, bev'-el, s. a kind of square rule 
Beverage, beV-er-e'dzh, ;. drink, liquor 

to be drunk 
Bevy, bev'-tf, s. a flock of birds, a com- 
pany [ment 
Bewail, be-wale, v. a. to bemoan, to la- 
Beware, be-warf, v. n. to be cautious, 

to take care of 
Bewilder, bt-wfl'-der, v. a. to mislead, 

to puzzle 
Bewitch, be-wftsh', v. a. to injure by 

witchcraft, to charm, to please 
Bewray, be-ra, v. a. to betray, to dis- 
Bey, ba, s. a Turkish governor 
Beyond, be-y5nd, prep, on the farther 

side of, above, farther onward than 
Bezel or Bazil, bez'el, s. that part of a 

ring in which the stone isA^ed 
Bezoar, be-zd'n?, s. a medicinal stone 
Biangulated, b'l-ang' u-la-te'd, or Bian- 

guious, bt-ang'-u-16s, a. having two 

corners or angles 
Bias, bl-as ! ,s. a weight lodged on one 

side of a bowl, bent, inclination — v. 

a. to incline to some side 
Bib, hib', s. small piece of linen to pin 

before a child [to drinking 

Bibaciou?, bT-ba' shus,<z. much addicted 
Bibber, blb-ber, s. a tipler 
Bible, bib'l, s. the sacred volume con- 
taining the revelations of God [bible 
Biblical,' Wflbf-W-kSl, a. relating to the 
Bibulous, btb'-u-lus, a. spungy, that 

drinks moisture [painting 

Bice, bise, s. a blue colour used in 
Bicker, btk-ker, v. n. to skirmish, to 

wrangle [a price 

Bid. bid', v. a. to command, to offer 
Bidden, Md'n, part, of Bid, invited, 

commanded [offer of a price 

Bidding, Md'-dmg, y.a command, order, 
Bide, bi'de, v. a. to endure, to suffer— 

v. n. to dwell, to live, to stay 
Bidental, bf-den'-tal, a. having two 

teeth [tation 

Biding, bi'-d\'ng, s. a residence, a habi- 
Biennial, bi-en'-nyal, a. continuing for 

two years [^pon 

Bier, berp, &. a frame, to carry the dead 
Biestings, bte'-tmgz, s. the first milk 

after calving 
Bifarious, bi-f a'-ryus, a. twofold [a year 
Biferous,bif-er us, a.bearing fruit twice 
Big, b?g', a. great, pregnant, swoln 

Bigamy, big'-amy", s. having two wives 
at once [largest 

Biggest, blg'-gst, a. greatest, tallest, 
Biggin, Mg-gYn, s. a child's cap 
Bigot, b l ig'-6t,s. one devoted to a party, 
a zealot [zeal 

Bisotry, bYg'-6t-r¥, s. prejudice, blind 
Bilander, bd'-an dtr, t. small vessel for 

the carriage of goods 
Bilberry, btl'-ber-rV, s. a whortleberry 
Bilbo, hH' bo, s. a rapier, a sword 
Bilboes, blTboz, s. a sort of stocks on 

board of ship 
Bile, bi'le. s. thick bitter liquor in the 

gall-bladder, a sore angry swelling 
Bilge, hildzh, v. n. to spring a leak— s. 

the breadth of a ship's bottom 
Biliary, bil'-^ar-y, n. belonging to the 
bile [foul language 

Billingsgate, bfl'-Vngz gate, s, a scold, 
Bilious, bil'yus, a. consisting of bile 
Bilk, bilk', v. a. to cheat, to defraud, 

to over-reach 
Bill, biT, v. the beak of a fowl, a hat- 
chet, with a hooked point, a charge, 
an account of money, an act ot par- 
liament, an advertisement —v. n. to 
caress as doves — v. a. to publish 
Billet, bil'-l<;t, <s. a small paper, a note, 
a small log of wood — v. a. to quarter 
soldiers [letter 

Billet-deux, btl le-do, s. a short love 
Billiards, frfl'yardz, s. a game 
Billions, bil-yons,s.millions of millions 
Billow, Ml' 16, s. a swoln wave [&c. 
Bin, bin', s. a repository for corn, wine 
Binary, bi-nar-y\ a. double, two & two 
Bind, bind, v. a. to confine with bonds, 
to gird, to fasten, to restrain, to make 
costive — v. n. to contract, to grow, 
stiff, to be obligatory — s. a species of 
hops, a quantity 
Binder, bind er,s. one who binds books, 
a fillett [ing 

Bind!n2,bi'n-dVng,s.a bandage, a fasten- 
Binocle, bi'n-okl, s. a telescope with 
two tubes, so that an object may be 
seen with both eyes [eyes 

Binocular, bfn-ok'-u-lar, a. having two 
Binomial bi n6-my"-al, a. having two 

Biographer, bl-ttg'-raf-er, s. a writer of 
lives [writin? of lives 

Biography, bT-bg'-raf.y, s. a history or 
Biparous, bfp'-ar-us, a. bringing forth 
two at a birth [in two parts 

Bipartite, bi-par-tite, a. divided or cleft 


[ 31 ] 


shot, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur — truly\ rye — thus, thick. 

Bipartition, bl par-tish'-un, s. the act of 

dividing in two 
Biped, bi'-p£d,i\an animal with two feet 
Bipedal, bi'-pe-d<il,f/. two lectin length 
Eipennated, bi pcn'-na-te:d, a. having 

two wings [two flower leaves 

Bipetalous, bi-pet'-£-lus,«. consisting of 
Biquadrate, bi /-kwa-drate, s. the fourth 

power of numbers 
Birch, birtsh', •>. a sort of tree, a rod 
Bird, bird', s.a name applied to all fowls 
Bird-cage, bird'-kadzh, 5. a receptacle 

for birds [of birds 

Bird-catcher, bird'-k*tch-er,s, a catcher 
Birdlime, bird lime, s. a glutinous sub- 
stance used to entangle the feet of 

small birds 
Birt, birt', s. a fish of the turbot kind 
Birth, birth', s. the act of coming into 

life, extraction, rank inherited by 

descent [a person's birth 

Birth-day, birth'-da, s. anniversary of 
Birthplace, bir'th-plas, s. the city or 

place of a persons birth 
Birthright, bir'th-rite, s. the rights and 

privileges to which a person is born 
Birthwort, birth'-wort, s. the name of 

a plant [bread 

Biscuit, bls', 5. a kind of hard flat 
Bisect, bfseYt, v. a. to divide into two 

equal parts [of the clergy 

Bishop, btsh'-6p, of the head order 
Bishopric, b?sh'-6p-nk, s. the diocese of 

a bishop [brittle mineral 

Bismuth, biz-mutft, s. a hard white 
Bissextile, bis sgks' til r s. leap year 
Btsulcous, bi-stil'-kus, a. cloven-footed 
Bit, bit', s. the iron mouth-piece of a 

bridle, a morsel, a silver coin of 7|d. 
Bitch, bftsh', 5. the female of canine 

Bite, biV, v. a. to crush or pierce with 

the teeth, to hurt or pain, to cheat — 

3. the seizure of any thing by the 

teeth or mouth, a trick, a sharper 
Biter, bit' er, s. a sharper, one who 

tricks another 
Bittacle, bit takl, s. a frame of timber 

in the steerage where the compass is 

Bitter, bYt'-teY, a. of an acrid and sharp 

taste, cruel, severe, satirical 
Bittern, b'it-tern, s. a bird of the heron 

kind [men, 5. fat unctuous mattei 
Bitume, bt-tume, or Bitumen, Dl-tu- 
Bituminous, hi-tu'-imv-nus, a. com- 
pounded of bitumen 

Bivalve, bi'-valv, <i. having two valves 
or shutters as oysters 

Bizantine, biz-an-tin^, s. a piece of gold 
valued fifteen pounds 

Blab, bla •', v. a. to divulge— v. n. to 
tattle, to tell tales 

Black, blak', a. dark, cloudy, sullen, 
dismal, wicked — s. a black colour, 
mourning, a blackamoor — v. a. to 
make black, blacken [bird 

Blackbird, blak'-bird, *. a well-known 

blacken, blak'n, v. a. to make black, to 
defame — v. n. to grow black 

Blackguard, blak'-g&rd, s. a dirty fel- 

Black-rod, b&k'-rod', 5. the usher be- 
longing to the oider of the garter 

Blacksmith, .lak'-smlth, s. a smith who 
works in iron 

Bladder, biSd'-der, s. the vessel which 
contains the urine, a blister 

Blade, bla'd^, s. the spire of grass, the 
shoot of corn, the cutting part of a 
weapon, a brisk man 

Blain, bla'nr, s. a blister, a pustule 

Blame, blame, v. a. to censure, to re- 
proach -*. the imputation of a fault, 
the offence [ble, blameable 

Blameworthy, bla'mr> , a. culpa 

Blanch, hl&'nsh, v. a. to whiten, to 
skin or peel almonds, to obliterate — 
v. n. to evade, to shift 

Bland, bland', a. soft, mild, gentle 

Blandish, blan'-dish, v. a to smooth, to 
wheedle L ar "d pleasing actions 

Blandishment, blan'-dlsh-m nt, ,s soft 

Blank, i.langk', a. white, unwritten, 
confused — s. a void space, a disap- 

Blanket, hlangk'-et, s. a woollen cover 
for a bed, a kind of pear 

Blare, blare, v. a, to bellow, to roar 

Blaspheme, bl&s-femV, v. a. to speak 
blasphemy — v. u. to speak wickedly 

Blasphemous, blas'-ft-mus, a. very pro- 
phane, very wicked 

Blasphemy, blas'-fe-my, s. indignity of- 
fered to God 

Blast, blast, s.a gust of wind,the sound 
made "by a wind instrument of music, 
a blight— v. u. to wither, to injure, 
to blight 

Blatant, bla-tent, a. bellowing as a calf 

Blaze, blaze, s. a flame, the light of a 
flame, a publication, a white mark on 
a horse — v. a. to flame — v. a. to pub- 
lish, to blazon 

SLO [ 32 ] BOA 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, m£, her— chin, chine, field, shirt 

Blazon, blaz'n, v. a. to explain figures 
^ on ensigns armorial, to deck, to em- 
' bellish, to celebrate— s. blazonry 
Blazonry, blaz'n-ry", s. art of blazoning 
Bleach, ble'tsh, v. a. to whiten 
Bleaching, bletsh'-mg, s. the art of ma- 
king white [river fish 
Bleak, bleke, a. pale, cold, chill— s. a 
Blear, ble're, a. dim, watery, obscure 
Bleareyed, ble'r-Ide, a. having sore eyes 
Bleat, blete, v. n. to cry like a sheep 
Bleed, ble'de, v. n. to lose blood— v. a. 

to let blood 
Blemish, blgm'-lkh, v. a. to defame, to 
i- tarnish — s. a spot or stain, a defor- 
Blend, blend'/fl. a. to mix, to confound 
Bless, bleV, v. a. to wish or cause hap- 
piness to another 
Blessed, ble's'-se'd, part. -happy 
Blessing, bles'-s'fng, s. a benediction, 

divine favour 
Blew, blu', pret. of Blow 
Blight, bli'te, s. mildew — v. a. to blast, 

to hinder from fertility 
Blind, blind, v. a. to deprive df sight — 
a. dark — s. something to hinder the 
sight, something to mislead 
Blindfold, bli'nd-fold, a. having the 
eyes covered [ignorance 

Blindness, bUnd-ni^s, s. want of sight, 
Blindworm, blind-worm, 5. a small vi- 
per not venomous 
Blink, blink', v.n. to wink, to see ob- 
scurely [weak eyes 
Blinkard, blink '-ard, s. one that has 
Bliss, blis, s. complete happiness, feli- 
Blister, blts'-ter, 5. a raising in the skin 
— v. n. to rise in blisters — v. a. to 
raise blisters 
Blithe, bh'-the, a. gay, airy, merry 
Bloat, blo'te, v. a. to swell— v. n. to 

grow turgid 

Block, blok, s. a short heavy piece of 

wood, a rough piece of marble, a 

blockhead— v. a. to shut up, enclose 

Blockade, blok-ade, s. a siege carried on 

by shutting up the place 
Blockhead, blok'-hed, s. a stupid fellow 
Block-tin, blok'-tm', s. tin pure or un- 
Blood, blo'd, s. the fluid that circulates 
through the body of animals,kindred, 
Bloodhound, bio d' hound, 5. a hound 
that follows by the scent of blood 

Bloodshed, blSd'-shed, s. murdei, 

Bloodshot, blod'-sh»t,a. red, filled with 

Bloodsucker, bl6d'-suk 4r, s. a leech, a 

hanger on for support 
Bloody, bldd'.?, a. stained with blood, 

Bloom, bl&me, s. a blossom, the prime 

of life — 7). 72. to produce blossoms 

Bloomy, bl6'-m?, a. youthful, flowery 

Blossom, bl5s'-som, s.the flower of trees 

or plants — v. n. to put forth blossoms 

Blot, bl5t, v. a. to efface, to blur, to 

stain— s. a blur, a spot or stain 
Blotch, blotsh', 5. a spot or pustule on 

the skin 
Blow, bio', s. a stroke, a sudden event, 
ally's eggs in meat — v. n. to pant or 
breathe hard, to play musically by 
wind, to blossom — v. a. to drive by 
the force of the wind 
Blowz, blow'z, 5. a ruddy, fat-faced 
wench, a female whose hair is in dis- 
order [faced 
Blowzy, blow'-zy, a. sun burnt, ruddy- 
Blubber, bltib'-ber, s. the fat of a whale, 
&c. — v. n. to swell the cheeks with 
weeping [stick 
Bludgeon, blud'-zh6n, s. a short thick 
Blue, blu', a. sky coloured — 5. a sky 

Bluff, bluf ', a. stern, surly, blustering 
Blunder, blun'-der, v. n. to mistake 
grossly, to ilounder — s. a gross mis- 
take [g un with a wide bore 
Blunderbuss, bliin'-der-bus, s. a short 
Blunderer, blun'-der-er, s. one who is 
prone to mistakes [stupid person 
Blunderhead, blun-der-hfe'd, s. a dolt, a 
Blunt, blunt', a. dull on the edge or 
point, not sharp, unpolite, abrupt— 
v. a. to dull the edge or point or any 
Blui,hlur, s. a blot, a stain [tentiy 
Blurt, blurt', v. a. to speak inadver- 
Blush, blush', v. n. to betray shame or 
confusion by a red colour in the 
cheeks, to colour — .$. a red colour in 
the cheeks, sudden appearance 
Bluster, blus'ter, v.n. to roar, to hector 
Blusterer, blus'-ter-er, s. a bully, a 
swaggerer [noisy 
B lustrous, blus-trus, a. tumultuous, 
Bo, bo, inter, a word to frighten chil* 

Boar, bd 're, s. a male swine 


[ 33 ] 


shtft, note, lose, actor — htit, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Board, bord, s, a fiat piece of wood, a 

court of jurisdiction — v. a. to enter 

a ship by force, to lay with boards — 

v. n. to live or diet with another 

Boarder, bor-der, *. one who eats at 

another person's table 
Board-wages, bo'rd-wa'dzhez, *. wages 

allowed to servants for victuals 
Boarish, I o'rc-tsh, a. rude, brutal, cruel 
Boast, bo'st, v. a. to display ones own 
worth or actions — v. n. to brag of, to 
glory in, to exult — s. a proud speech, 
a brag, a. t ounce 
Boaster, l>6'st-er, s. one who brags 
Boat, bd'te, s. a vessel used in rivers 

and seas 

Boatman, bote-min, s. a manager of a 

boat [the care of a ship's riggings,&c. 

Boatswain, bo'ts'n, s. an officer who has 

Bob, boV, v. a. to dodge, to cheat — 

v. n. to play backward and forward 
Bobbin, bob'-btn, s a small wooden in- 
strument with which lace is made 
Bobtailed,bbVtald, a. having the tail cut 
Bob-wig, boV-wtg, s. a short wig 
Bode, bd'uV, o. a. to portend— v. n. to 

be an omen 
Bodice, bfid-fs, s. a sort of women's 

stay s 
Bodkin, bod'-kYn, s. an instrument to 
bore holes or draw something through 
a loop 
Body, b&d' y, s. the material substance 
of an animal, mat er, person, a col- 
lective mass, a corporation 
Body-clothes, t,6d 5-clOz, s. clothing for 

Bog, bog', .?. a marsh, a fen, a morass 
Boggle, bog'i, v. n. to start, to hesitate, 

to waver 
Boghouse, !>5g-hSus, s. a house of office 
Bohe-ti, bo-he, «. a species of tea 
Boil, I 6Y1, v. ??. to be agitated by heat 
— v. a. to heat or dress in boiling 
Boiler, b5?l'-er, <t. a vessel for boiling 
Boisterous, bSl', a. furious, loud, 

Bold, bft'ld, a. daring, impudent 
Boldness, bold'-ne's, s. courage, assur- 
Bole, bo'le, s. a kind of earth 
Boll, bo'le, s. a round stalk or stem, a 
corn measure of four bushels— v. n. 
to rise in a stalk 
Bolster, b5'l-ster, s. a large pillow, a 
pad— v. a. to pad, to support 

Bolt, bftlt, s. a bar of a door, an arrow — 
v. a. to fasten with a bolt — v. n. to 
spring out suddenly 
Bolter, bd'l ter, s. a sieve to separate 
meal from i.rau [mattras 

Bolthead, bolt'-hed, s. a receiver, a 
Bolus, bo' lus, s a large pill 
Bom'>, b6m', s. a kind of ordnance or 
large shell [with bombs 

Bombard, bom bard, v. a. to attack 
Bom ai dier, bom bar-d'i'r, $. a bomb en- 
gineer [silken stuff 
Bombasin, bom-b'a zt'n, ?. a slight black 
Bom >ast, b6m-ba'st, s. fustain, big 

words— a. high sounding 

Bombulation, bom-bu-la' shun,?, a great 

sound 'cap'iviry— a. captive 

Bond, bond', ?. any written obligation, 

Bondage, bSn'-dedzh, s. captivity, im- 

prisonmen' [slave 

Bondmaid, bond'-made, s. a woman 

Bondman, bfind' man, s. one bound for 

another, a manslave [the body 

Bone, bone, 5. 'he most solid part of 

Bonelace, bo'n -lase, s. a riaxen lace 

Bonfire, bim'-fire, s. a fire made for 

Bonnet, bon' net, ?. a hat, a cap 
Bonny, bon'-ny, a. handsome, beauti- 
ful, gay [a great plum 
Bonum-magnum, ho'-num-mag-num, s. 
Bony, bo'-ny, a. strong, stout, full of 

Booby, bo'-bV, s. a dull stupid fellow 
Book, buk', v. a volume in which we 
read or write [binds books 

Bookbinder, buk' b'n der, s. one who 
BooUsh,buk-ish//. much given to books 
Book-keeper, buk'ktp-rr, v. one who 
keeps accounts ['- eeping accounts 
Book-keeping, buk'-kep-ing, ». the art of 
Bookmate, biik'-ni -t<-, s. a school-fellow 
Boo seller, buk'-sfl ler, s. a vender of 

books by profession 
Bookworm, buk' worm, s. a mite that 

eats holes in ^ooks, a close student 
Boom, bo'm< , s. a long pole used to 
spread out the clue of a sail, a bar 
laid across a harbour .0 keep out the 
enemy [merry 

Boon, one, ?. a gif', a grant— a. gay, 
Boor, bb're, s a lout, a clown 
Boorish, bo'r-fch, n. clownish, rustic 
Poose, ho'zp, s. a stall for an horse or 

a cow — v. 7i. to drink, to guzzle 
Boosy, bo'zy, a. somewhat intoxicated, 

BO IT [ 3* ] BRA 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m6, he> — chin, chine, field, xhirt- 

Boot, hb'te , v. a. to superadd, to sup 

ply, to substitute — s. superaddition, 

, compensation, &c. a covering for the 

leg, the -place under the coach box 

Booth, bo'th, s. a stall or tent erected 

in a fair [vain 

Bootless, bo'-tles,a useless, unavailing, 

Booty, bd'-t¥, s. plunder, pillage, spoil 

Borachio, bo ra'-3ho, s. a drunkard 

Borax, bo-raks, s. a native neutral salt 

like alum, used to solder metals 
Border, bb'r-der, s. an edging, a hem, a 
side, a boundary [on the borders 

Borderer, bo'r-der-er, s. one who dwells 
Bore, bore, v. a. to pierce—*, n. to 
make a hole— s. a hole made by bor- 
ing, the size of any hole 
Boreal, bo'-ryal, a. northern 
Poreas, bd'-ryas, s. the nor:h wind 
Born, bVrn, come into life, part, of to 

Bear, in the sense of bringing forth 
Born, bo'rn, part, of to Bear, in the 

seyise of carrying, sustaining, &c. 
Borough, bor'-o, s. a town with a cor- 
poration [loan, to ask as a loan 
Borrow, bor'-ro, v. n. to take upon 
Boscage, b5s'-kgdzh, s. a wood, wood- 
Bosky, bos'-ky*, a.woody, rough, swelled 
Bosom, boz'-om, s. the breast, the heart, 
an enclosure— v. a. to conceal, to 
enclose in the bosom [knob 
Boss, bbs, s. a stud, a raised work, a 
Botanic, bo-tln' Ik, a. relating io herbs 
Uotanist, bot-an'-lst, s. one skilled in 
plants [course upon plants 
Botanology, bot-an-ol'-o-dzhy, s. a dis- 
Botany, btit'-a-ny, s. the science of 
plants, that part of natural history 
which relates to vegetables 
Botch, b8ish', s. a swelling, a part ill 
finished or clumsily added— v. c. to 
mend clumsily, to patch 
Botcher, botsh'er, s. a cobler, a mender 

of old cloaths 
Both, bo'th, a. two— conj. as well 
Bottle, bot'-t'l, s. a glass or earthen ves- 
sel to contain liquids 
Bottom, bot'-t6m, s. the lowest or 
deepest part, the foundation, a val- 
ley [a bottom 
Bottomless, btft-t6m'-l£s, a. without 
Bottomry, bot-t6m-ry, s. money bor- 
rowed on a ship's bottom . 
Bough, bow', s. an arm, a branch of a 
► tree [buy 
Bought, bat, pret. and part, of to 

Bounce, bou'ns,«. n. to leap suddenly 

to boast, to bully 
Bound, bdu'nd, s. a limit, a leap, a re- 
bound — v. a. to limit, to restrain — 
v. n. to jump, to spring, to fly back — 
a. destined for, going to 
Boundary, bofind -a ry, s. limit, bound 
Boundstone, bbu'nd-stone, s. a stone to 
play with [rous 

Bounteous, bo&'n-tyus, a. liberal, gene- 
Bounty, b5il'n-ty, s. generosity, muni- 
Bourn, bo'rn,s. a bound, a limit, a brook 
Bouse, b&'ze, v. n. to drink to excess 
Bousy, bo' sy, a. drunken [tempt 

Bout, bout, s. atrial, an essay, an at- 
Bow, bow', v. a. to bow, to stoop, to 
crush — v. n. to suffer flexure, to make 
a reverence, to stoop— s. the act of 
reverence or submission 
Bow, bo', s. an instrument of war, the 
rainbow, the instrument with which 
string-instruments are played upon, 
the doubling of a string in a slip knot 
Bowels, bow'elz, s. the intestines, com- 
passion, tenderness 
Bower, bow'-e>, s. an harbour,an archer 
Bowery, boW-er-y", a. shady, retired 
Bowl, boVl, s. a vessel to hold liquids, 
the hollow part of any thing, a 
wooden ball — v. a. to play at bowls, 
to roll any thing as a bowl 
Bow-legged, bo'-l^gd, a. having crook- 
ed legs 
Bowler, bowl'-er, s. one who bowls 
Bowline, bow'-lm, s. the name of a 

ship's rope 
Bowling-green, bbw'-lfng-grene, s. a 

level piece of ground for bowlrrs 
Bowman, bo'- man, s. an archer 
Bowsprit, bo'-sprit, s. the mast project- 
ing out at the head of a ship 
Bowstring, bb'-strtng, s. a string used 
for a bow [of bows 

Bowyer, b&'-yer, s. an archer, a maker 
Box, bbks', s. species of tree, a case 
of wood, a blow — v. a. to enclose in 
a box, to strike — v. n. to fight with 
the fist. 
Boy, boy, s. a male child, a youth 
Boyish, bby-fsh, a. childish, trifling 
Brabble, brab'l, a. a clamarous con- 
test — v. n. to contest noisily 
Brace, bra'se, v. a. to bind, to strain up 
— s. a bandage, tightness, a pair or 
couple [bandage 

Bracer, bras'-eV, s. that which braces, a 

BRA [ 35 ] BRB 

shSt, note, lose, act6r— hat, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Bracelet, brase-lCt, *. an ornament for 

the wrist [arm 

ial, brik'-yil, a. belonging to the 

Brachygraphy, brS-ky'-graf-?, *. the art 
or practice of short-hand writing 

Brack, brak', s. a breach 

Bracket, br*k'-ktt,s a piece of wood for 
a support 

Brackish, brak'-ish, a. saltish [head 

Brad, brad', 5. a sort of nail without a 

Brag, bragf, *>• n. to boast, to display 
ostentatiously — s. a boast, a swag- 
gerer, a game at cards 

Braggadocio, brag-gi-do -shyo,s. a boast- 
ing tellow 

Braggart, brag'-gart, a. vainly ostenta- 
tious—*, a vain puffing fellow 

Braid, bra'de, v. a. to weave together 
— 5. a sort of lace, a knot, false hair 

Brails, bra'lz, 5. ropes used to draw up 
a ship's sails 

Brain, bra ne, s. a soft substance within 
the skull, the understanding— -v. n. 
to kill by beating out the brains 

Brainpan, bra'ne-pan, s. the skull con- 
taining the brains [giddy 

Brainsick, bra'ne-stk, a. addle-headed, 

Brake, brake, part, of Break — s. a 
thicket of brambles, an instrument 
for dressing Max, a kneading trough 

Bramble, bram'-b'l, s.a prickly or thorny 

Brarnin, bram'm, s. a Gentoo priest 

Bran, bran', s. husks or skm of ground 

Branch, bra'nsh, s. a shoot from amain 
bough or from a stag's horn, offspring 
t>. n. to spread in branches — t;. a. to 
divide as into branches 

Brand, brand', s. a lighted stick, a mark 
of infamy— i'. a. to mark with a 
brand [shake, to flourish 

Brandish, bran'-dtsh, v. a. to wave, to 

Brandling, brand'-llng, s. a small worm 

Brandy, br£n'-dy, s. a strong liquor dis- 

Brangle, brang'-g'l^.a squabble,wrangle 

Brank, brangk', s. buckwheat 

Branny, bran'-ny, a. like bran, dry, 
foul [brass 

Brasier, bra'-zhyer, s. a manufacturer in 

Brasd, bra-zt'l.fs. an American wood 

Brass, bra's, s. yellow metai, impu- 
dence [brass, impudent 

Brassy, bra's-sy\ a. of biass, hard as 

Brat, brat', s.child by way of contempt 

Bravado, bra-va-do, t. a boast, a brag 

Brave, bra've, a. courageous, gallant, 
noble— t;. a. to defy, to challenge, to 

Bravery, bra'-ver-^, s. courage, magna- 
nimity, shew 

Bravo, bra'-vo, s. one who murders for 

Brawl, bral, r. 77. to quarrel, to speak 
loudly — &. a quarrel, a noise 

Brawler, bral'-er, s. a wrangler, a noisy 
turbulent fellow 

Brawn, bran, 5. the flesh of a boar 

Brawny, bra'-n^, a. muscular, fleshy, 

Bray, bra, v. a. to pound or grind 
small — v. n. to cry like an ass — 5. the 
noise of an ass, harsh noise 

Braze, braze, v. a. to solder with brass 

Brazen, bra'z'n, a. made of brass, impu- 
dent— v. n. to bully, to be impudent 

Brazenface, braz'n-fdse, s. a bold impu- 
dent person fa quarrel 

Breach, brt'tsh, s. an opening, a gap, 

Bread, bred', s. food made of ground 
corn, support 

Bread-corn, brfe'd kbrn, s. the corn of 
which bread is made 

Breadth, brtd'th, s. the measure from 
side to side 

Break, bre'ke, v. a. to open or part by 
force, to subdue, to crush, to make 
bankrupt — v. n. to part by force, to 
become bankrupt — *. an opening, a 

Breaker, bre'-ker, s. he that breaks 
any thing, a wave broken by rocks or 

Breakfast, brek'-f^st, v. n. to eat the 
first meal in the day — s. the first 

Bream, bre'me, s. a sort of fish 

Breast, br&t', s. that part of the body 
which contains the heart and lungs, 
the heart, the conscience 

Breasthigh, brest'-hi, a. up to the breast 

Breastknot, brSst'-knot^.ribbands worn 
on the breast [the breast 

Breastplate, brest'-plate, s. armour for 

Breastwork, brest'-work, s. a guard 
raised breast high 

Breath, breth', *. air drawn in and 
thrown out by the lungs, a breeze 

Breathe, bre'th, v. n. to draw breath, 
to live, to take breath-— v. a. to in- 
ject by breathing 

Breathing, bre'-thing, s. an aspiration, 
a secret prayer, a vent 

BRI [ 36 ] BRO 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m£, her— cHn, chine, fteld, shirt 

Breech, brttsh', s. the lower part of the 

body, the hinder part of i gun 
Breeches, brit'-tshez, s. a garment for 

the lower part of the body 
Breed, ore'de, v. a. to procreate, to 
give birth to, to produce, to contrive 
— -v. n. to bring young, to raise a 
breed — s. a cast, kind, offspring, a 
hatch [ners, nurture 

Breeding, bre'd-tng, s. education, man- 
Breeze, bre'ze, s. a stinging fly, a gentle 
gale [gales 

Breezy, bre'-z^, a. fanned with gentle 
Brent, bren't, a. burnt 
Bret, brgt',5. a fish of the turbot kind 
Brethren, breth'-ren, s. the 'plural of 

Breve, breve, s. a note in music 
Breviary, brev-yar-V, s. a book contain- 
ing the daily service of the church of 
Breviat, br£'v-yat, s. short compendium 
Brevier, bre'-vere, s small letter or type 
for printing [ness 

Brevity, brg'v-f ty, s. conciseness, short- 
Brew, bru', v. a. to make liquors, to 
contrive— v. n. to perform the office 
of a brewer [brewing in 

Brewhouse, bru'-hbus, s. a house for 
Brewis, bru'-fs, s. a piece of bread soak- 
ed in boiling fat pottage 
Bribe, bribe, 5. a present made to per- 
vert the judgment — v. a. to give 
bribes [bribing 

Bribery, bri-ber-y* , s. the act or crime of 
Brick, brtk', s. a mass of burnt clay, a 

Brickbat, brik'-bat, s. a piece of brick 
Brickdust, brtk-dtist, s. dust made by 
pounding bricks [bricks in 

Brick-kiln, brik'-kfl, s. a place to burn 
Bricklayer, brik'Ja'-er, s. a brick-mason 
Bridal, bri'-dal, a. relating to marriage, 

Bride, bride, s. a woman new married 
Bridecake, brt'de-kake, s. cake distri- 
buted at a wedding [ried man 
Bridegroom, bri'de-gr6m, s. a new mar- 
Bridemaiis, bri'de-madz, and Bride- 
men, hri'de-m^n, s. attendants on 
the bride and bridegroom 
Bridewell, bride-wel, s. a house of cor- 
Bridge, brtdzh', s. a building over water 
for the convenience of passing, the 
upper part of the nose, supporter of 
xhe string* in a violin y * 

Bridle, bri'd'l, s. the head and reins of 
a horse, a check— v. a. to guide, to 
restrain, to govern — v. n. to hold up 
the head [which holds the bridle 

Bridlehand, bri'd'1-hand, s. the hand 
Brief, bri'f, a. short— s. a short extract, 
an epitome, letters patent for charit- 
able collections 
Brier, brier, $. a sort of prickly plant 
Briery, bri'-tr ^, a. rough, full of briers 
Brig, brig', s. a ship with t wo masts 
Brigade, tsrl-gadr,';. a division of soldiers 
Brigadier-General, brig-a dir'-dzhen-er- 
al, s. an officer next in order below a 
major general 
Brigand, bn'sc-a'nd, s. a robber 
Brigantine, brig'-an-tme, s. a small ves- 
sel, a coat of mail [famous 
Bright, bri'te, a. shining, clear, witty, 
Brighten, bri't'n, v. a. to make bright, 
to polish— v. n. to grow bright, to 
clear up [ness 
Brightness, brite-n£s, s. lustre, acute- 
Brilliancy, briMy-an-s^, y. lustre 
Brilliant, brti-yant, a. sparkling — 3. a 
fine diamond [bank of a fountain 
Brim, brim', s. the edge, the lip, the 
Brimmer, brim-mer, s. a bowl full to 

the top 
Brimstone, brim-stone, s. sulphur 
Brinded, brin'd&I, a. streaked,, tabby 
Brindled, brin'-lSd, a. streaked 
Brine, brine, s.water impregnated with 

salt, the sea, tears 
Bring, bring', v. a. to fetch, to cause to 

come, to conduct, to prevail upon 
Brinish, bri'hi'sh, a. of a briny taste, salt 
Brink, bringk', s. the edge of a place, a ( 

precipice [bright 

Brisk, brisk', a. lively, vivacious, gay, 
Brisket, bris'-kSt, s. the breast of an 

Bristle, bris'l, s. the stiff hair of swine 

— v. n. to stand erect as bristles 
Bristly, bris't-l.V, a. set with bristles 
Bristol stone, bris'-t61 stone,s. a kind of 

soft diamond 
Brittle, brif'l, a. fragile, apt to break 
Broach, bro'tsh, 5. a spit — v. a. to tap 
a vessel, to give out [fulsome 

Broad, brad, a. wide, extended, coarse. 
Broad-cloth, bra'd-cloth, s. fine kind •< 

woollen cloth 
Broadside, bra'd-skle, s. the side of t 
ship, a volley of shot fired at once 
from the side of a ship, a sheet •' 
paper printed on one side only 


[ tr ] 


shot, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, ry/e^thus, thick. 

broadsword, bra'd-sword, s. a sword 
with a broad blade [flowered silk 

Brocade, brd-ka'de, s. a kind of fine 
Brocoli, brok'-ko ly , s. a species of cab- 
Brock, broY, ?. a badger [years old 

Brocket, brok'-ke't, s. a red deer two 
Brogue, bro'gf , s. a kind of shoe, cor- 
rupt dialect 
Broil, br6Yl,s.a tumult, a quarrel — v. a. 
to roast on the fire — v. n. to be hot 
Broken, brok n, part, destroyed, shi- 
vered, reduced 
Broker, bro'-ker, s. a factor, one who 
does business for another, or who 
deals in old household goods 
Brokerage, bro-ker-cdzh, s. the pay or 
reward of a broker [the throat 

Bronchial, brong'-kyal , a. belonging to 
Bronchocele, brong'-ko-sele, s. tumour 

in the fore part of the neck 
Bvonze, br&'nze, s.brass, a sort of medal 
Brooch, bro'tsh, s. a jewel, an orna- 
ment of jewels 
Brood, br6'de, v. n. to sit on eggs, to 
hatch, to Watch anxiously — v. a. to 
cherish by care, to hatch — s. offspring, 
a hatch, the number hatched at once 
iirook, brok, s. a little river, a rivulet 
— v. a. to bear, to endure — v. n. to 
endure, to be content 
Bfooklime, broY-lime , s. an herb, a sort 
of water speedwell [sweep with 

Broom, bro'fne, s. a shrub, a besom to 
Broomy, br&'-my', a. full of broom 
Broth, brft'tfc, s. the liquor in which 

flesh is boiled 
Brothel, br6th'-tl, or Brothelhouse, 

broth'-el-hous, s. a bawdy-house 

Brother, broth'-er, *. a male born of 

the same parents [society 

Brotherhood, broth'-er hud, s. union, 

Brought, brat, part, from Bring 

Brow, brow', s. the forehead, the edge 

of any high place [with stern looks 

Browbeat, brow*- bete, v. a. to depress 

Brown, brow'n, a. the name of a colour 

Brownish, broV'n-ish, a. somewhat 

brown [meditations 

Brownstudy, brown-stud-?, s. gloomy 

Browse, brow'z, v. a. to eat branches 

or shrubs— v. n. to feed— s. branches 

or shrubs fit for the food of animals 

Bruise, bru'ze, v. a. to crush or mangle 

t with a blow— 5. a hurt from a blow, a 

spot [report— v. a. to noise ayout 

Bruit, bru'te,_ «. a rumour, a noise, a 

Brumal, bru'-mal, a. cold, belonging to 

winter [ed woman 

Brunett,bru'-net,9. a brown com^lexion- 

Brunt, brunt', s. a shock, a violence, a 

Brush, brush', 5. an instrument for 
sweeping, a rude assault — v. rub 
with a brush— v. n. to skim lightly 
Brushwood, brush'-wud, 5. rough shrub- 
by thickets [man 
Brutal, bru'-tal, a. savage, cruel, inhu- 
Brutality, bru'-tal' -i ty, s. savageness, 

Brutalize, bru'ta lize> v. n. to grow bru- 
tal or savage— v. a to make brutal 
Brute, brute, a. senseless, savage, fierca 

— *. a creature without reason 
Brutish, bru'-tlsh,a. resembling a beast, 

Bryony j br^'-o-ny, s. the name of a plant 
Bub, bub', s. strong malt liquor 
Bubble, bubl', s. a water bladder, a per- 
son cheated [the groin 
Bubo, bu'-bo, s. a swelling or tumour in 
Bucaniers, buka-ni'rz, s. pirates in 


Buck, buk'-y s. the leys in which clothes 

are washed, the male of the deer, 

rabbits, and other animals [trefoil 

Buckbean, btik'-bC-ne, s. a plant, marsh 

Bucket, btik'-ke't, s. a vessel to draw or 

carry water in 

Buckle, buk'l, s. a fastening— v. a. to 

fasten with a buckle — v. />. to bend, 

to bow [defend, to protect 

Buckler, buk'-ler, s. a shield— v. a. to 

Buckram, buk'-ram, s. cloth stiffened 

with gum 
Buckskin, buk'-skfn, s. leather made of 

a buck's skin 
Buckthorn, btik'-thbrn, s. a tree 
Bucolic, bu kSl'-fk, a. pastoral 
Bud, bud', s. the first shoot of a plant, 
a gefm — v. n. to put forth buds, to 
be in the bloom— v. a. to inoculate 
Budge, budzh', v. n. lo stir — a. stiff, 

Budget, bud'-zhet, s. a bag 3uch as may 

be easily carried, store or stock 
Buff, btif Vs.leather made of a buffalo's 
skin, colour resembling yellow— v. a. 
to strike 
Buffalo, bttf '-f a-lo, 5. a kind of wild bul 
Buffet, btif'-fct, s. ft blow with the fist 
— v. a. to box, to beat — v. n. to pla^ 
a boxing match ~ 

BUN [ 38 ] BUR 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her— chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Buffet, buffet', s. a kind of cupboard 
Buffoon, buf-fo'n<?, s. a jackpudding, a 

man who practises scurrilous raillery 
Buffoonery,, bttf-l&'n-er y, s. low jests, 

Bug, bug', s. a son of stinking insect 
Bugbear, bOg'-s»are, s, a frightful objec , 

a false terror 
Bugle,bft'g'l, s. a shining bead of glass, a 

sort of plant, a bull, a hunting horn 
Buglehorn, bu'g'1-horn, s. a hunting 

horn [v. n. to depend on 

Build, blld', v. a. to raise a building — 
Builder, Mld'-er, s. an architect 
Building, bil'-dlng.s. a fabric, an edifice 
Bulb, bdlb', s. a round root, such as 

that of tulips, &c. 
Bui ous, bul'-bus, a. containing bulbs 
Bulfinch, buT-f Insh, $. a song bird 
Bulge, bfildzh, v. n. to take in water, 

to founder, to jut out [a bench 

Bulk, bulk',*, magnitude, size, the .nass, 
Bulkhead, bulk'-hc-d, s. a partition made 

in a ship [size or stature 

Bulky, btiT-ky\ a. lusty, heavy, of great 
Bull, .bill', s. the male of black cat;le, 

One of the signs of the zodiac, a man 

date published by the pope, a blunder 
Bullbaiting, ul'-ba-ting, s. the sport of 

baiting bulls with dogs 
Bull-dog, bul'-d5g, i. a kind of dog re- 
markable for his courage [or iron 
Bullet, bul'-let s. a round ball of lead 
Bullion, bui'-y6n, s. gold or silver in 

the mass [of boiling 

Bullition, btil lish'-un,s. the act or state 
Bullock, buT-16k, s. a young bull or 

steer, very fat ox, cow, &c. 
Bully, bul'-iy, s. a noisy quarrelsome 

fellow — v. a. to overbear with noise 

and threats — v. n. to be noisy and 

quarrelsome [ing by rivers 

Bulrush, bui-rush, s. a large rush grow- 
Bulwark, bul'-wark, s. a fortification, a 

defence [meanest kind 

Bumbailiff, bum-ba -llf, s.a bailiff of the 
Bumboat, btim'-bote, s. a small boat 

that carries things for sale to ships 
Bump, bump', s. a swelling, a protube- 
rance, a blow [the brim 
Bumper, bttm'-per, s. a cup filled o 
Bumpkin, bump'-ktni s. a clown, alowt, 

a rustic 
Bun,.bun,$. a kind of sweet bread 
Bunch, bti'nsh, s. a hard lump, cluster 
Bunchy, bun'-shy*, a. growing in or full 

of bunches 

Bundle, bun'di, s. a parcel of things 
I ound together — v. a to tie in a bun- 
Bung, bung', s. a stopple for a barrel 
Bungle, bting'l, v. n. to perform clum- 
sily — v. a. to botch, manage clum- 
sily — 5. a botch, awkwardness 
Bungler, bungler, s. a bad workman 
Bunt, bunt', v. a. to swell out 
Bunter, bGn'-ter, &. a mean, low, vul- 
gar woman [of stuff 
Bunting, btin'-tYng, s. a bird, a thin sort 
Buoy, boj', v. apiece of cork or wood 
floating and tied to an anchor — v. a. 
to kee, afloat — v. n. to float 
Buoyant, bo^'-ent, a. that which will 
not sink [dock 
Bur, bur', s. prickly head of the bur- 
Burbot, bur'-bot,s. a fish full of prickles 
burden, bur'd'n, s. a load, something 
grievous, birth — v. a. to load, to en- 
cumber [troublesome 
Burdensome, bur'd'n-s6m, a. grievous, 
Burdock, bnr'-d5k, s. a broad-leaved 

plant with prickly balls 

Bureau, bu-ro, s. a chest of drawers 

with a desk [cities and towns 

Burgage, bur'-gedzh, s.tenure proper to 

Burgeois, bOr' dzhots, s. a species ot 

small letter for printing 
Burgess, bur'-dzhe's, s. a citizen, a free 

man of a city, a representative 
Burgh, bur', s. a corporate town or 

Burgher, bur'-ger, s. one who has a 
right to certain privileges (as, to 
vote, &c.) 
Burglary, bur'-glar.y, s. house-breaking 

by night 
Burgomaster, hur'-go-mas-ter, s. a sort 

of magistrate in Holland 

Burgrave, bttr'-grave, s. a chief governor 

of a boi ough or town [the dead 

Burial, beY'-ryal, s. the act of interring 

Burl, bttr'l, v. a. to dress cloth 

Burlesque, bur-le'sk', a. jocular, merry, 

droll — s. ludicrous language— i>. a. 

to turn to ridicule [sical farca 

Burletta, bur-let'-t£, a. a ludicrous mu- 

Burly, btir'-ty, a. blustering, swoln, 

falsely great 
Burn, burn', v. a. to consume with 
fire— i>. n. to be on fire, to be inn" am- 
ed — ff. a hurt caused by fire 
Burner, burn'-er, s. one who destroys 
things by fire 
I Burnet, bur-net, s. a sort of plant 


C 39 ] 


shot, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Burning, biir'-ning, s. state of inflam- 
Burnish, bur'-ntsh, v. a. to polish, to 
make bright — v. n. to grow bright or 
glossy . 
Burnt, btirnt', part, from Purn 
Burr, bur', ». the lobe or lap of the ear 
Burrel, btir'-rel, a. a sort of pear, an 
insect [to mine or make holes 

Burrow, bur'-ro, s. a raboit hole— v. n. 
liursar, bur-sar, s. the treasurer of a 
college [merchants meet 

Burse, burs', 5. an exchange where 
Burst, btirstVi>. n. to break or rly open 
to fly asunder, — v. a. to break sud- 
denly—*, a sudden brea-inu, an 
eruption [against ruptures 

Burstwort, blirst'-wort, s. an herb good 
Burt, hOrt', s. a fiat fish of the turbot 

Burthen, bttr'd'n, s. see Burden 
Bury, beV-ry, v. a. to put into a grave, 

to hide— s. a dwelling place 
Bush, bush', s. a thick shrub, a bough 
Bushel, bush'-el, s. a measure contain 
ing 8 gallons or 4 pecks [brandies 
Bushy, bush',-?, a. thick or full of small 
Busily, biz' y-iy, ad. actively, hastily 
Business, bfz'-nPs, s. an employment or 

occupation, affair, trade 
Busk, busk, s. a piece of steel or whale- 
bone to strengthen women's stays 
Buskin, btis'-kTn, s. a kind of half boot 
Buss, bus', ,s. a kiss, a boat for fishing 
Bust, bfist', *. a statue representing a 

man to his breast 
Bustard, btiZ-tard, s. the largest of the 

British land fowls 

Bustle, bus'l, v. 7i. to stir, to be busy 

— s. a tumult, a hurry [dline 

Busy, biz'-^.ff. employed, active, med- 

Busybody, btz-^-bod f, s. a meddling 

officbus person 
But. but', amj. except, nevertheless, 

however -*. a boundary 
Butcher, but-tsher, s. one vho kills 
animals to sell — v. a. to kill, to mur- 
der [knee holly, i plant 
Butcher's-broom but'-tshers-brom, 5. 

Butchery, bht'-tsher-y, 5. cruelty, mur. 

der, a place where blood is shed 
Butler, but-ler, v. a servant employed 
in furnishing the table [arch 

B tment, but'-ment,*. the support of an 

Butt, but', s. a point or mark, object of 
ridicule, a barrel containing 126 
gallons—?', a to strike with the head 

Butter, but' ter, s. an unctuous sub- 
stance made from cream— v. a. to 
cover with butter 

Butterfiower, btit-ter-HSw er, s. a sort 
of yellow flower of May 

Butterfly, btit'-ter-rly, s. a beautiful 
winged insect 

Butterpnnt, but' ter-prlnt, ?. a piece of 
wood to mark butter [foretooth 

Buttertooth,bt>t' ter-t<kfi,s.a large broad 

Buttery, but' ter-?, a. having the ap- 
pearance or qualities of butter — s. a 
place where provision is aid up 

Buttock, btit'-ok, s.the thick part of the 

Putton, but'n, s. any knob or ball, bud 
of a plant — v. a. to fasten with but- 
tons [fasten a button 

Buttonhole, but'n- hole, s. a hole to 

Buttress, btit'-tres, s. a prop, a support 
— v. a. to prop [jolly 

Buxom, btik'-s6m, a. gay, lively, brisk, 

Buy, by, v. a. to purchase, to pay a 
price for — v. n. to treat about a pur- 

Buyer, by-er,v.the per3on who purchases 

Buzz, buz', i\ n. to hum like bees, to 
whisper— v. a., to whisper, to spread 
secretly — s. a hum, a whisper, low 

Puszard, buY-ard, s. a hawk, a block- 
head, a dunce 

By, by* prep, denoting the agent, way, 

By-law, by'-ia, s. private rules or orders 
in a society 

Py-name, by'-name, a. a nick-name 

B3-stander, by'-stander, s. a looker-on, 
one unconcerned 

By-word, by-word, s. a cant word, a 

CAL f 40 ] CAL 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, me\ her — chfn, chine, fteld, .Oiirt- 

f^AB, kab', s. a Hebrew measure of 

*- >/ three pints 

Cabal, kS-bal', s. a private junto, an 

intrigue— v. n. to form close intrigues 
Cabalistic, kab-a-lfs'-tfk, a. mysterious, 

Cabbage, kab be'dzh, s. a well-known 

plant — v.a. to steal in cutting clothes 
Cabin, kab'-m, s. a chamber in a ship, 

a cottage [a place for Qounsel 

Cabinet, kab'-Y-ne't, s. a set of drawers, 
Cable, ka-b'l, s. a rope to hold a ship at 

anchor [chocolate is made 

Cacao, ko'-o, s. the nut from which 
Cachetic, ka-kgk'-tfk, a. having a bad 

habit of body [state letter 

Cachet, kat'sh et, s. a seal,* a private 
Cachexy, ka'-kgk-sy. s. a disordered 

habit of body 
Cackle, kakl, v. n. to make a noise like 

a goose or hen, to giggle 
Cacochymy, ka-kbk'-y-my', s. diseased 

state of the blood 
Cadaverous, ka-daV-er-us, a. relating 

to dead bodies, stinking 
Caddis, kad'-dts, s. a kind of tape, a 

sort of worm or grub 
Cade, ka-de, a. tame, soft 
Cadence, ka'-dens, s. a fall of the voice, 

atone or sound 
Cadent, ka -dent, a. falling down 
Cadet, ka-det', s. a younger brother, a 

Cadi, ka-dt, s. a Turkish magistrate 
Caftan, kaf-tan, s. a Persian garment, 

a kind ofkabit 
Cag, kag', ?. a small barrel or cask 
Cage, ka'dzh, s. a place of confinement 
Cajole, ka-dzho'le, v. a. to flatter, to 

Cajolery, ka-dzho ler-y\ s. flattery 
Caisson, karson, s. chest of bombs or 

powder, a hollow fabric of timber 
Caitiff, ka'-tif, s. a mean villain, a des- 
picable knave '[ — v. 77. to harden 
Cake, ka'ke, s. a kind of delicate bread 
Calabash, ka'1-a-bash s. an Indian tree 

for cups 
Calamanco, kal-a-mank-6, *. a kind of 

woollen stuff 
Calaminej, kal'-a-mlne, s. ore of zink 

Calamitous, ka-lam'-?-tus, a. miserable, 
unfortunate [misery 

Calamity, ka-l'am'-Uy, *. misfortune, 
Calamus, kal'-a-mus, ». a kind of sweet- 
scented wood [pleasure, a head dress 
Calash, kaMash', s. small carriage ot 
Calcareous, kal-ka'-rjus, a. partaking ot 

the nature of calx or lime 
Calcination, kal-sf-na-shun, s. pulveri- 
zation by fire or acid [powder 
Calcine, kal-sTn't?, v. a. to burn to a 
Calculate, kaT-kii-late, v. a. to com- 
pute, to reckon 
Calculation, kal-ku la'-shttn, s. a com- 
putation, a reckoning 
Calculator, kaT-ku-la-t6rs, ?. a computer 
Calculous, kal'-ku-lus, a. stony, gritty 
Caldron, kaldron, 5. a boiler, a very 
large kettle [of Scotland 
Caledonian, kal-e-dd-nyan, s. a native 
Calefacotry kal e-faY-tor-y, a tending 

to warm, heating 
Calefy, kaT-e-fy, v. n. to grow hot, to be 

heated — v. a. to make hot 
Calendar, kal-gn-dar, s. a yearly re- 
gister, an almanack - 
Calendar, kaT-en-der, v. a. to dress 
cloth— s. a hot press, an engine to 
calender [calenders- 

Calf ndrer, kaTfjn-drerjS.the person who 
Calends, kaTendz, *. the first day of 

every month among the Romans 
Calenture, kaT-en-ture, s. a sun fever 

frequent at sea 
Calf, ka'f, s. the young of a cow, the 

thick part of the leg 
Caliber, kal'-Y-ber, s. the bore of fire arms 
Calico, kal-Y-kOjS. an Indian stuff mads 

of cotton 
Calid, kaP-?d, a. hot, burning [heat 
Calidity, ka-lfd'->ty\ 5. intense or great 
Caligation, kaW-ga-shon, .s. darkness, 
cloudiness, obscurity [dim 

Caliginous, ka-ltdzh'-i-nus, a. obscure, 
Caligraphy, ka-lfg'-ra-ty, s. beautiful 

Caliph, kal-ff.s. a Mahometan title 
Caliver, kaT-f-ver, s. a hand-gun, an 

^alix, kal-fks, s.a cup [a ship 

Calk, kak, v, a. to fill up the seams o! 


[ 41 ] 


shot, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, f6r— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Calker, kal'k-er, s. one who calks ships ' 
Call,ka'l, v. a. to name, to invite, to 
summon— v. n. to make a short visit 
— s. a requisition, a demand, an in- 
strument to call birds 
Calling, k&l.Wng,* .vocation, profession, 

short visit, station or employment 
Callipers, kal'-lY-perz,s. compasses with 

bowed shanks 
Callosity, kal-los'-Y-ty>. a hard swelling 

without pain 
Callous, kal'-lus, a. hardened, insensi- 
ble [wanting feathers 
Callow, kal'-lo, a. unfledged, naked, 
Calm, ka'm, a. quiet, serene, undis 
turbed, unruffled— s. serenity, still 
ness, quiet, repose -v. a. to still, 
quiet, pacify, appease [mildness 
Calmness, ka'mf--nt : s, 5. tranquillity, 
Calomel, kaT-6-mel,s. mercury six times 
sublimed [ducing heat 
Calorific, kal-or -Yr-Yk , a. heating, pro 
Caltrop, kal'-trop, 5. an instrument 
made with three spikes, a sort of 
Calvary, kal'-va-ry\ s. a place of skulls 
Calve, ka'v, v. ?/. to bring forth a calf 
Calvinism, kal-vYn-tzm, s. thedoctrine> 
held by Calvin [to Calvinism 
Calvinistic, kal-vYn-Ys'-tYk, a. relating 
Calumniate, ka-lom'-ny'-ate, v. a. to ac 

cuse falsely— v. ??. to slander 
Calumniator, ka-lum'-nya-t6r, s. a false 

accuser, a slanderer 
Calumnious, ka-lum'-nyus,a. slanderous 
Ca'umny, kar-um-ny", s. slander, false 

Calx, kalk's, s. chalk, lime, any thing re- 

duced to powder by burning 
CaIycle,kal'-vVl,s. a small budofaplant 
Cambering, kam'-her-Yng, a. arched 
Cambric, kam-brYk, s. fine linen from 

Camel, kam'-el^ s. a beast of burden 
Cameo, kam'yo, s. a picture of one 

Camera Obscura, kam'-S-ra-Sb-sku'-rH, s. 
an optical machine used in a dar- 
kened chamber, through which tie 
rays of light passing, reflect outward 
objects inverted 
Camlet, kam'-lgt, s. a kind of stuff 

made with woollen and silk 
Camomile, kam'-o-mYle, *. a fine physi- 
cal plant 
Camp, kamp', «. the order of tents for 

Campaign, k&m'-pane, s. a large open 
country, the time an army keeps the 
field in one year [iiower 

Campanula, kam-pan-u-la, s. a garden 
Campestral, kam-peV-tral, a growing in 
fields fresin or gum 

Camphire, kam'-fir, s. a kind 01" white 
Camphorate, kam'-fo-rat' , v. a. to im- 
pregnate with camphire — a. impreg- 
nated with camphire 
Campion, kam' py-6n, 9. a garden plant 
Can, kan', a. a cup — v.n. to be able, to 

have power 
Canaille, ka-nal', s. the lowest of the 
people [water, a duct 

Canal, ka-nal' , s. a bason or course of, kan-al kob?, •.. fine kind of, 
coal [made like a pipe or gutter 

Canaliculated, kan-a-hk'-u-la-tgd, a, 
Canary, ka-na' rtf, s. wine brought from 
the Canaries — v. n. to dance, to 
frolic [lent singing bird 

Canary-bird, ka-na'-r^-bird, s. an excel- 
Cancel, kan' sel, v. a. to blot out, to 
efface, to obliterate [barred 

Cancellated, kan' sSl-la-te'd, a. cross- 
Cancellation, kan-sgl-la-shtin, s. an ex- 
punging or wiping out of an instru- 
Cancer, k&n'-ser, *. a crahfish, sign of 

the summer solstice, a virulent sore 
Cancerate, kan'-ser-ate, v. n. to grow 
cancerous [rulence of a cancer 

Cancerous, k&n' ser-us, a. having thevi* 
Cancrine,kan'-krine, a. having the qua- 
lities of a crab 
Candent, kan'-dent, a. hot, burning, 

Candid, kan'-dYd, a. white, fair, open, 
ingenuous [for a place 

Candidate, kan'-dY-date, s. one that sues 
Candidly, kan'-dYd-iy, ad. fairly, up- 
Candify. k&n'-dY-fy, v. a. to make white 
Candle, ka'ndi, s. light made of wax or 
tallow [candle 

Candlelight, kand'1-lite, s. light of a 
Candlemas, kand'h-mas, s. the feast of 

the purification of the Virgin Mary 
Candlestick, kand'l-stYck, *. an instru- 
ment to hold candles 
Candor, kan'-d6r, s. sweetness of tem- 
per, integrity, ingenuousness 
Candy, kan'-dy, v. a. to conserve with 
sugar, to congeal — v. n. to grow cou- 

CAN I 42 ] CAP 

Sounds.— hiit, hate, hall, liar— met, desist, m&, her— chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Cane, ka'ne, 5. a reed from which sugar 
is extracted, a stick to walk with — 
v. a to beat with a cane 
Canescent, ka»neV-sent, a. growing 
white or old, hoary [the dog star 

Canicular, ka-ntk'-u-lar, a. belonging to 
Canine, ka-ni'ne, a. having the proper- 
ties of a dog [box to hold tea 
Canister, kan' ts-ter s. a small basket, a 
Canker, kang'-keY, s. a worm, what cor- 
v rupts or consumes, corrosion — v. n. 
to grow corrupt — v. a. to corrupt, to 
corrode, to pollute 
Cannibal, kan'-nf-bal, s. a man-eater 
Cannon, kan'-non, s. a great gun for 

Cannonade, kan-n6n-ade, v. n. to at- 
tack or batter with cannon — v. a. to 
lire u pon with cannon 
Cannonier, kan-no-ne'r, s. one who ma- 
nages the cannon 
Canoe, kan-6', 5. a sort of Indian boat 
Cnon, kan'-6n, s. a rule, a law, a sort 
of dignity in cathedrals, the book of 
holy scriptures 
Canonical, ka'-nbn^-kal, a. regular, 

spiritual, ecclesiastical 
Canonicals, ka n6n'-t-kaJz, *. the dress 

of the established clergy 
Canonization, kan-on-I-za'-shtin, s, the 

act of making a saint 
Canonize, kan'-6n-ize, v. a. to declare 
any one a saint [cannon 

Canonry, kan'-6n-ry", s. benefice of a 
Canopy, kan'-o-p^, s. a covering spread 
over the head— v. a. to cover with a 
Canorous, ka no'-r6s,a. musical, tuneful 
Cant, kant', s. corrupt dialect, wheed- 
ling — v. n. to wheedle, to flatter — 
v. a. to toss or fling away 
Cantata, kan'-ta-ta, s. an air, a grave 
piece of music [singing 

Cantation, kan-ta-shtin, s. the act of 
Canter, kan'-ter,s. an hypocrite, a short 
gallop [flies for blisters 

Cantharides, kan-tar'-'i'-dez, s. Spanish 
Canthus, kan-thus, s. the corner of the 
eye [pious song 

Canticle, kan'-Wk'l, s. song of Solomon, 
Cantle, kant'l, s. a piece with corners — 

v. a. to cut in pieces 
Canto, kan'-to, s. a book or section of a 

Canton, kan'-t6n, s. the division of a 
country, a small community or clan — 
$>. a. to divide land 

Cantred, kan'-trecl, s. a division or an 

hundred in Wales 
Canvas, kan' vas, s. a coarse thick 
cloth, a soliciting — v. a. to examine, 
to debate— v. n. to solicit [air 

Canzonet, kan-zd'-net,*. a short song, an 
Cap, kap', k. a covering for the head, a 
reverence— v. a. to cover the top, to 
Cap-a-pie, ka-a-pe, a. from head to foot 
Capability, ka-pa-b"ii'-]-ty\ s. capacity 
Capabte, ka-peVl, a. intelligent, equal 
to,, qualified for [extended 

Capacious, ka-pa'-shus, a. wide, vast, 
Capacitate,ka-pas'-f-tate, v. a. to enable, 
to qualify [space, state 

Capacity,, ka-pas'-*-ty, s. ability, sense, 
Caparison, ka-paF-Y-son, s. a superb 
dress for a horse— v. a. to dress 
pompously [piece of a coat 

Cape, ka'pe, s. a head-land, the neck- 
Caper, ka'-per, s. a leap, a jump, a sort 
of acid pickle—©, n. to skip or dance 
Caper-bush, ka'-per-bush,. s. a sort ot 
plant, the buds of which are pickled 
for eating 
Capias, kaphas' s. a writ of execution 
Capillary, ka-ptl'-lar-y, a. resembling 

hairs, small, minute 
Capital, kap'T-tal, a. criminal in the 
highest degree, that affects life, chiefs 
principal— s. the upper part of a pil- 
lar, the chief city of a nation 
Capitation, kap-Y-ta-shunjS. numeration 
of heads [temple 

Capitol, kap'-Y-tol, s. a splendid Roman 
Capitular, ka-pft'-u-lar, 5. a body of 

statutes, a member of a chapter 
Capitulate, ka-pft'-u-late, v. n. to yield 

on certain stipulations 
Capitulation, ka-pft-Ci-la-shun, s. the 
surrendering the town upon certain 
terms, stipulations, conditions 
Capon, ka'p'n, s. a castrated cock 
Capot, ka'-p&t, s. a term at piquet 
Caprice, ka-pri's, s. fancy, whim, hu- 
mour [fanciful, odd 
Capricious, ka prfsh'-us, a. whimsical, 
Capricorn, kap-ri-korn, s. one of the 
signs of the zodiac, the winter solstice 
Capstan, kap'-stan, s. an engine to draw 

up great weights, as anchors, &c. 
Capsular, kap'-sfi-lar,orCapsulary, kap'- 

su-lar-y,.or. hollow like a chest 
Capsulate, kap'-su-iat^, or Capsulatedy 
kap'-su-la-t£d, a, enclosed in a box. 

CAR I 43 ] CAR 

sh&t, note, 16se, act6r— hlit, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, tfiick. 

Captain, kap -tin, s. the chief commano 
er, the commander of a company 01 
of a ship 
Captation, kap'-ta-shun, s. the practice 

Of catching favour 
Caption, kap'-shun, 5. the act of taking 
Captious, kap'-shtis, a. peevish, insidi- 
ous [to subdue 
Captivate, kSp'-tt-vate, v. a. to charm, 
Captive, kap'-tfv, s. one taken in war, 

one charmed by beauty 
Captivity kap-fi'v'-f-ty, s. bondage, sla- 
very, servitude [soner or a prize 
Captor, kap'-t6r, s. one who takes a pri- 
Capture, kap'-ture, s. the act or practice 

of taking any thing, a prize 
Capuchin, kap-u-shin, s. a friar, a wo- 
man's cloak and hood 
Car, ka'r, s. a cart, a chariot «f war 
Carac, kaV-ak, s. a large ship, a galleon 
Carat, kar'-at, s. a weight of four grains 
Caravan, kaV-&-v£n, s. a troop or body 
of merchants or pilgrims, a large car- 
Caravansary, ka'r-a'-va'n'-sar-y, s.a house 
for the reception of eastern travellers 
Caravel , ka'r-it-v61,» a light old-fashion- 
ed ship 
Caraway, kaV-5-wa, s. a kind of plant 
Carbine, kar'-bine, s. a small gun 
Carbinier, kar-bt-ni'r,s.a light horseman 
Carbuncle, kar-b'ungk'l, 5. a precious 

stone, a red spot or pimple 
Carcass, ka'r-k&s, s. a dead body, a 

kind of bomb 
Card, ka'rd, s. paper painted to play 
with, the paper on which the several 
points of the wind are marked in the 
mariner's compass, an instrument for 
combing wool — v. a. to comb wool — 
v. n. to game [dicinal seed 

Cardamom ,ka'r-da -mom, s. a sort of me- 
Carder, kard'-er, who works wool 
upon cards [ening 

Cardiac, kar'-dt-ak, a. cordial, strength- 
Cardinal, kar-dl'-nal, a. principal, chief 
— s.a dignitary of the Romish church, 
a woman's cloak 
Care, ka're, s. solicitude, anxiety, cau- 
tion, charge — v. n. to be anxious, to 
be affected with [leaks 

Careen, ka*-r£'nf, v. a. to calk, to stop 
Career, ka re're, s. a course, race, swift 

motion, course of action 
Careful, ka're-ftil, a. cautious, diligent 
Carefully, kare-ffil-lv, ad. diligently 
CaT«fulness,ka're-ftil-ne'3, s. heedfuineai 

Careless, ka're-l£s, a. negligent, heedless 
Carelessness jka're-lfs-nes, s. inattention 
Caress, ka-reV, v. a. to endear, to fon- 
dle — s. an act of endearment 
Caret, ka" rSt, s. a no ~e denoting that 
something is wanting [freight 

Cargo, ka"r-gd, s. the lading of a ship, 
Caricature, kar-f-ka-ture, s. exaggerated 

resemblance, a droll likeness 
Caries ka'-ry"£z, Cariosity, ka-rf-os'-f-ty, 

s. rottenness of the bones 
Carious, ka'-ryus, a. rotten, decayed 
Cark, ka'rk, s. care, anxiety — v. n. to b& 

Carle, ka'rl, .?. a mean rude man, a churl 
Carlinethistle, kar'-hn-thYs'l, s. a plant 
Cartings, ka'r-lingz, s. timbers lying 
fore and aft in a ship [carts 

Carman, ka'r-man, s. one who drives 
Carmelite, ka'r-mel-ite, s. a pear, a beg- 
ging friar [dispels wind 
Carminativejklr-min'-K-tYvj.s. that which 
Carmine, ka'r-mine, s. a bright red or 
crimson colour [devastation 
Carnage, ka'r-nedzh,s. slaughter ,havock. 
Carnal, ka'r-nal, a. fleshly, lustful, sen- 
sual [grossness of mind 
Carnality, kar-naT-S-ttf, s. fleshly lust, 
Carnation, kar-na-slrfin, s. a flesh co- 
lour, a fine flower [cious stone 
Carnelion, kaY-ne'-Non, s. a sort of pre- 
Carneous, ka'r-nVus, a. fleshy, plump 
Carnival ka'r-rii-v&l, s. the time of mirth 
before Lent [ing 
Carnivorous, kar-nW-o-rus, a. flesh-eat- 
Carnosity, kar-nos'-i-ty", s. a fleshy ex- 
Carnous, ka'rn-us, a. fleshy 
Caroche, kar'-otsh, s. a coach 
Carol, kaV-61, s. a song of praise and 
exultation— v. n. to sing, to warble 
— v. a. to praise, to celebrate 
Carousal, ka-rbu'-zal, 5. a feast, a fes- 
Carouse, kS-rouz, s. a drinking match 
— v. n. to drink hard, to quaff — v. a. 
to drink [to cavil 
Carp, ka'rp, 5. a fish — v. n. to censure, 
Carpenter, ka'r-pen-ter, s. an artificer in 
wood [or table 
Carpet, kar'-pct, s. a covering for a floor 
Car, ing, karp'-lng, a. censorious, cap- 
tious [viour, conduct 
Carriage, kar'-rYdzh, s. a vehicle, beha- 
Carrier, kar'-rVer, s. one who carries 
goods, kc. a messenger, a species e-i 
1 pigoon 


[ 44 ] 


Sounds— h&t, hate, hall, liar — m^t, desist, me, he>— chin, chine, Held, shirt — 

Carrion, kaY-rY6n, s. bad meat 
Carrot, kaVrcSt, s. an esculent root 
Carroty, kaY-r6t-y\ haired,very red 
Carry, kar'-ry. v. a. to convey, to bear, 

to gain, to behave 
Cart, k&'rf , s. a carriage for luggage, &c. 

— v. a. to expose in a cart — v. n. to 

use carts for carriage 
Cart-blanche, k&'rt-blan'sh, s. a blank 

paper to be fillwd up with such con 

ditions as the person to whom it is 

sent thinks proper 
Cartel, k&'r-tel, agreement between 

nations at war relative to exchange 

of prisoners 
Carter, ka'r-ter, who drives a cart 
Cart-horse, k&'rt-htt'rs, s.strong, clumsy 

Cartilage, ka'r-tl-le'dzh, ?. a smooth sub 

stance softer than a bone and harder 

than a ligament 
Cartilaginous, kar-tl-l&azh'-t-nus, a. con- 
sisting of cartilages or gristles 
Cartoon, k'ar-to'n, s. a painting upon 

large paper 
Cartouch, kar-t6'sh, *. a case to hold 

balls [to hold powder 

Cartridge, ka"r trtdzh, s. a case of paper 
Cartwright, k&'rt-rite, s. a makerof carts 
Carve, ka'rv, v. a. to cut wood, stone, 

or meat— i 1 . n. fo exercise the trade 

of a sculptor, to perform at table the 

office of supplying the company 
Carver, ka'rv-er. s. a person who carves 
Carving, ka'r-ving, s. sculpture, figures 

carved [fall 

Cascade,k2s-kade, s. a cataract, a water- 
Case, k&'se, s. a covering, a sheath, the 

outer part of a house, condition(with 

regard to outward circumstances of 

leanness or health,) variation in 

nouns— v.a. to put in a case or cover, 

to strip off the covering [the outside 
Caseharden, ka'se-hard'n ,t>.a. to harden 
Case-knife, kase-knife, s. a large kitchen 

or table knife 
Casemate, ka'se-mate, s. kind of vault 

or arch of stone [ing upon hinges 
Casement, ka'se-m^nt,s.a window open 
Cases, ka's-es, s. variation of nouns 
Case-shot, kase shbt, s. bullets enclosed 

in a case 
Caseworm, kase-w6rm, s. a grub that 

makes itself a case. 
Cash, k&sh', s. money, ready money 
Cashier, k& shl'r, s. a cash-keeper — v. a. 

to discard - 

Cash-keeper, k&sh'-kep-er, s. one who 

has the charge of money 

Cask, k&'sk, 8. a sort of barrel 

Casket, kas-ket,^ a small box for jewels 

Casque, k&'sk, s. an helmet, armour for 

the head [tree 

Cashew-nut, kSsh'-aVntit, s. fruit of a 

Cassia, k&s'-shya, s. a fragrant sweet 

spice and tree [garment of a priest 

Cassock, kaY-s6k, s. the long under 

Cast, k&'st, v. a. to throw,to fling away, 

to drive by violence of weather — contrive, to turn the thoughts 

to, to warp — *. a throw, a mould, 

a form, a shade or tendency to any 


Castanet, kaV-tfc-ne't, 9. small shell of 

ivory or hard wood rattled by dancers 

( astaway, ka'st-&-wa, s. an abandoned 

or lost person [castle 

Castellain, kaVteM-l£n, s. governor of a 

CasteUany, kas-tel-ian y, 5. the lord- 

ship of a castle [to punish, to beat 

Castigate, k&s'-tt-gate, v. a. to chastise, 

Castigation, kas-tt-ga-shun, s. punish. 

ment, correction 
Casting-net, kas'-ting-ne't, s. a net 

thrown by the hand 

Castle, ka's'l, s. a house fortified, a 

project [the name of a star 

Castor, k£'s-t6r, 5. a beaver, a fine hat, 

Castrametation, k&'s tr&-me-ta"-shtin, s. 

the practice of encamping 

Castrate, k&s'-trate, v. a. to geld, to 

make imperfect [ing 

Castration, kSs-tra'-shtln, s. act of geld- 

Casual, kazh'-u-2l, a. accidental, arising 

from chance 
Casualty, k&zh'-ii-&l tf, s. accident, a 

thing happening by chance 
Casuist, kaz'-u-Yst, s. one that studies 

and settles cases of conscience 
Casuistry, kaz'-fi-ls-tryV the science of 
a casuist [of ship 

Cat, k&t', s. a domestic animal, a sort 
Catachrestical, kat-fc-kreV-ti-kalja. forc- 
ed, far fetched 
Catacombs, k&t-&-ko'mz, s. subterrane- 
ous cavities for the burial of the dead 
Catacoustic, kat-&-kous'-t*k, a. relating 

to reflected sounds 
Catacoustics, kat-& k<5us-ttks,s. the doc- 
trine of reflected sounds 
Catalan, k&t &'-l&n, s. a mean person 
Catalepsis, k&t &'-lep-sfs, s. a disease 
Catalogue, kat'-ft-lbg, 5. enumeration of 
particulars, a list 


t 45 ] 


shtft, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Cataplasm, katf-a-plazm, 8. a poultice, 
a soft plaister 

Catapult, kat'-ft-ptilt, s. an engine used 
anciently to throw stones 

Cataract, kat'-a-rakt, s. a water-fall, a 
cascade, an inspiration of the crys- 
talline humour of the eye 

Catarrh, ka-t<t'r, s. defluxion of a sharp 
serum from the glands about the head 
and throat 

Catarrhal, kl-ta'r-ral, a. relating to the 

Catastrophe, ka-t?.s'-tr6-fe, s. the change 
or revolution which produces the con- 
clusion or event of a dramatic piece, 
final event (generally unhappy) 

Catcal, kat'-kal, s. a squeaking instru- 

Catch, katsh', v. a. to lay hold, to stop, 
to seize, to ensnare— s. seizure, the 
act of taking quickly, a song in suc- 
cession, slight contagion, any thing 
that catches 

Catchfly, katsh'-fly, s. a flower 

Catching, katsh -¥ng, a. infectious 

Catchpoll, kat'sh-powl, s. a bumbailiff 

Catechetical, kat-e k^t'-t-cal, a. consist- 
ing of questions and answers 

Catechise, kat'-e-klzp, v. a. to instruct 
by asking questions [instruction 

Catechism, kat'-e-kizm, s. a form of 

Catechist, kat'-e-ktst, s. one who teaches 
the catechism 

Catechumen, kat-e-kn'-men, s. one who 
is yet in the first rudiments of Chris 

Categorical, kate-g6r'-1-kal,a. absolute, 
positive, express [of ideas 

Category, kat'-e-g6r-y,s.a class, an order 

Catenarian, kat-e-na'-ryan, a. belonging 
to a chain 

Catenation, kat'-e na'-shtin, s. a link, a 
regular connexion 

Cater, ka-ter, v. n. to provide food, to 
lay in victuals [favourite 

Catercousin, ka-ter-kttz'n, s. a petty 

Caterer, ka'-ter-er, s. a purveyor 

Caterpillar, kat'-er-pYl-lar, s. an insect, 
a grub, a plant 

Caterwaul, kat'-er-wal, v. n. to make a 
noise like a cat [dainties 

Cates, kats, s. cakes, viands, nice food, 

Catgut, kat'-gtit, s. fiddle strings, a 
sort of canvas [cleansing 

Cathartic, ka-tfca'r-tfk, a. purgative, 

Calhead, kat'-h£d, *. the bows of a ship, 
a fish 

Cathedral, ka-the-dral, a. episcopal* 
veneiable,antique — s.the head church 
of a diocese 
Catheter kath-e'-ter, s. a hollow pre be 
Catholic, kath'-o-hk, a. universal or 

general — s. a papist 
Catholicon, ka-thol-f-kon, s. an univer- 
sal medicine 
Catoptrical, kat-op'-trf-kal, a. relating 

to reflected vision 
Catoptrics, kat-bp'-triks, s. that part of 
optics which treats of vision by re- 
flection [mushroom* 
Catsup, kat'sh-iip, s. a kind of pickle of 
Cattle, kat'l, s. beasts of pasture 
Cavalcade, kav al-kade, s. a procession 

on horseback 
Cavalier, kav-a-lt'r, s. a horseman, a 
knight, a gay sprightly military man, 
a royalist— a. gay, generous, brave, 
disdainful, proud 
Cavalry, kav'-al-r>', s. horse troops 
Caudle ka'd'l, s. a sort of beverage for 

women in childbed 
Cave, kav?, s. a cavern, a den, a hollow 
Caveat, ka'-vyat, s. a caution, an admo- 
nition [a cave 
Cavern,,kav'-ern,s. a hollow place, a den, 
Caverned, kav'-ernd, or Cavernous, 

kav'-er-nus, a. full of caverns 
Caviare, ka-vyar, s. the spawn of a stur- 
geon salted 
Cavil, kav'-fl, v. a. to raise objections, 
to wrangle [tant 

Caviller, kaV-Vl-Ier, s. a captious dispu- 
Cavillous,. kaV-fl-lus, a. full of objec- 
Cavity, kaV-f-ty 1 , s. hollowness, hollow 
Cauk, kale, s. a course kind of mineral 
Caul, ka'l, s. a kind of small net for 
caps or wigs, &c. the integument in- 
closing the guts [cabbaga 
Cauliflower, kbT-f-flow-er, s. a species of 
Causal, ka'-zal, a. relating to causes 
Cause, ka'z, s. that which produces or 
effects any thing, reason, motive — 
v. a. to effect, to occasion 
Causeless, kaz-ies, a. without just mo- 
tives [raised and paved way 
Causey, 01 Causeway, ka's-wa, s. a 
Caustic, ka's-ttk, s. a burning applica- 
tion [wily 
Cautelous, ka'-te-lus, a. cautious,wary, 
Cauterize, ka-ter-Ize, v. a. to burn with 

irons, to sear 
Cautery, ka'-ter-^, s. the burning by a 
hot iron or with caustic medicines 

CEN [ 46 ] CER 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, mti, her — chfn, chine, field, shirt- - 

Caution, ka -shtin.s.prudence, foresight, 
wariness, warning — v. a. to warn, to 
give notice, to tell 
Cautionary, ka-shon-ar-y, a. given as a 

pledge or security 
Cautious, ka'-shfcs, a. wary, watchful 
Caw, ka', v. n. to cry as a rook or crow 
Cearment, see Cerement 
Cease, c&'se, v. n. to leave off, to stop, 
to give over, to be at an end— v. o. 
to put a stop to [tree 

Cedar, s6' dar, s. a sort of evergreen 
Cede, se'dp, v. a. to yield up, to give 

up to another 
Ceil, se'le, v. a. to overlay or cover the 

inner roof of a building 
Ceiling, sealing, s. the inner roof 
Celandine, se'-lan'-dinc, s. a plant 
Celebrate, seT-e-brate, v. a. to praise, 
commend, distinguish by solemn rites 
Celebration, sel-e-bra'-shtin, s. solemn 
remembrance, praise [fame, renown 
Celebrity, se-le'b-rt-t.y, s. celebration, 
Celerity, sel-eV-tty^i;. swiftness, speed, 

Celery, seT-ex -#, s. a species of parsley 
Celestial, se-leV-tyal, a. heaveuly — s. 

an inhabitant of heaven 
Celibacy, seY-¥ ba sV, or Celibate, 5eT-t- 

bfct, s. a single life 

Cell, seT, s. a small cavity or hollow 

place, a small close apartment in a 

prison [for stores or liquors 

Cellar, seT-lar, 5. a room under ground 

Cellular, sel-lu-lar, a. consisting of cells 

or cavities 

Cement, se'-mSnt, s. that which unites 

mortar — v. a. to join togethei, to 

solder [a church-yard 

Cemetery, sfe'm'-e-ter-y , ,$. a burial place, 

Cenotaph, s£n'«d-taf, s. a monument for 

one buried elsewhere 
Cense, s^n's, s. a tax, public rate 
Censer, sen'-ser, s. a perfuming or in- 
cense pan 
Censor, sen-s6r, s. an officer of Home 
who had the power of correcting man- 
ners, one who is given to censure 
Censorian, sgn-so-ryan, a. belonging to 
the censor [censure, severe 

Censorious, s&n-so'-ryus, a. addicted to 
Censurable, sgn'-shur-ab'l, a.'culpable 
Censure, sSn'-shur, s. blame, reproach, 
reprimand — v. a. to blame, to con- 
demn, to revile 
Cent, sgnt', s. an abbreviation of the 
Latin word centum, an hundred 

Centaur, sen'- tar, s. a poetical being 

supposed to be compounded of a 

man and a horse, the archer in the 

zodiac [plant 

Centaury, se'n'-tary, s. a medicinal 

Centenary, sgn'-tt-nar-y", s. the number 

of a hundred 
Centesimal, sen-te's' Y-mal, s. hundredth 
Centifolious, sen-tt fo -lyus, a. having a 

hundred leaves 
Cento, s^n'to, *. a composition formed 
by joining scraps from different au- 
thors [centre 
Central, seW tral, a. relating to the 
Centre, sen-ter, j. the middle— v. a. to 
place on a centre, to fix on a centre 
— v. n. to rest on, to be placed in the 
midst or centre 
Centric, sen'-trtk, a. placed in the centre 
Centrifugal, sfn-trff-u'-gal, a. Hying 
from the centi e [the centre 
Centripetal, sen-trtp'-e-tal, a. tending to 
Gentry, s£n-tiv,s. ste Centinel 
Centuple, s£n tup \,a. a hundred fold 
Centuriaior, sen-iu-rya'-tor, s. an his- 
torian who distinguishes times by 
Centurion, sfn-tu'-ryon, s. a Roman 

omcer who commanded 100 men 
Century, sSn-tu-ry, 5. a hundred years 
» ephahc, sef-al'-\k, a, any thing medi- 
cinal for the head [horns 
Cerastes, se-ras'-tez, s. a serpent with 
Cerate, s&'-ret, s. salve made of wax 
Cere, se'r' , v. a. to cover with wax 
Cerecloth,s&'-r^-cl5 h,$. a cloth smeared 

over with glutinous matter 
Cerement, se' rt-m^nt, s. cloth dipped 
in melted wax to enfold dead bodies 
Ceremonial, sete mo'n-yal, orjCeremoni- 

ous, ser-e-mo'n-yus, a. formal 
Ceremony, ceV-e mon-y>. outward rite, 
external form [some 

Certain, ser'-cen, a. sure, determined, 
Certainty, ser'-ten-ty, s. fullness of as- 
Certificate, s£r-tlf '-l-ke't, s. a testimony 
in writing [of 

Certify, seV-tt-fy\ v.a. to give assurance 
Certiorari, ser-shV6 ra'ri, s. a writ from 
Chancery to call up the records of a 
cause therein depending 
Certitude, sert'-f tude, s, certainty, 

freedom from dount 
Cerulean, se-ru-iy&n, or Ceruleous, s€- 
ru-lyus, a. blue, sky-coloured 


[ 47 ] 


sh8t, note, ldse, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Cerumen, s^-ru men', s. the wax of the 
" ear [to calx 

Ceruse, scr'-Us, s. white lead reduced 
Cesarian, se-za-rySn, a. the Cesarian 
section is cutting a child out of the 
Cess, seV, s. a tax or rate— r. a. to tax 
Cessation, ses-sa'-shtin, s. a stop, a rest, 

a respite, pause of hostilities 
Cessible, ses-stb'l, a. liable to give way 
Cession, sea'-shim, s. retreat, act of giv 

ing way 
Cestus, seY-tus, s. the girdle of Venus 
Cetaceous, se-ta'-shus, a. of the whale 

Chad, shad', s. a sort of fish 
Chafe, tsha'fe, v. a. to warm with rub 
bing, to make angry— v. n. to rage, 
fret, fume— a-, heat, violence, rage, 
Chaff, tsha'f, s. the husks of corn, a 
worthless thing [bargain 

Chaffer, tshaf -fer, v. n. to haggle, to 
Chaffinch, tsha'f-finsh, s. a small com- 
mon bird [chaff 
Chaffy, tshaf fy", a. like chaff, full of 
Chafingdish, tsha'-ftng-dtsh, s. a port- 
able grate for coals 
Chagrin, shi-gri'n, s. ill humour, vexa- 
tion— P. a. to vex, to hurt, to put out 
« of temper 

Chain, tsha'nr, s. a line of links, a se- 
ries, a ferter— v. a. to fasten with a 
chain, enslave 
Chainshot, tsha'ne-shftt, s. bullets fas- 
tened together by a chain 
Chair, tshare, s. a moveable seat, a 

Chairman, tshare man, s. the president 
of any public meeting, one who car- 
ries a sedan 
Chaise, sha'zp, s. a kind of light carriage 
Chalcography, kal-k5 graf-y, 5. engrav- 
ing on brass 
Chaldron, tsha 1 dron, s. a measure of 

coals consisting of thirty six bushels 
Chalice, tshal'-fs, «. a cup, a bowl 
Chalk, tsha k, .<?. a sort of white fossil — 
v. a. to rub with chalk, to mark with 
chalk [digs chalk 

Chalk-cutter, tsha'k-ktit-ter, s. oue who 
Chalky, tsha'-k^, a. consisting of chalk 
Challenge, tshaT lendzh, v. a. to call to 
fight, to accuse, to object to the im- 
partiality of any one, to claim as 
due— j. a summons to combat, a de- 

Chalybeate, ka-ltb' y£t, a. impregnated 

with iron or steel 
Cham^de, sha-ma'd. s. the beat of the 

drum which declares a parley 
Chamber, tsha'm-ber, s. an apartment in 

a house [bauchery 

Chambering, tsha'm-be>-Yng, s. riot, de- 
Chamberlain, tsham'-ber-ltn, s. the sixth 

officer of the crown, one who takes 

care of chambers 
Chambermaid, tsha'm-ber-made, s. a 

maid whose business is to take care 

of rooms 
Chameleon, kS-me'iyon, s. a kind of 

lizard said to live on air 
Chamfer, tsham'-fer, s. the fluting in a 

column [goat kind 

Chamois, sham'-y', s. an animal of the 
Champ, tshamp', v. a to bite frequently, 

to gnaw, to devour 
Champaign, sham pane, s. a kind of 

wine, a flat open country 
Champignon, sMm-ptn'-ong, s. a small 

kind of mushroom [batant, a hero 
Champion, sha'm-pyon, s. a single com- 
Chance, tsha'ns, s. fortune, accident, a 

fortuitous event [church 

Chancel, tsh&n-se'l, s. the east end of a 
Chancellor, tsha'n-sel-16r, s. an officer 

of the highest power and dignity in 

the court where he presides 
Chancery, tsha'n-ser-y, s. a court of 

equity and conscience [sore 

Chancre, shangk'-er, s. an ulcer, a bad 
Chandelier, shan-de-li'r, s. a branch for 

candles [candles, a huckster 

Chandler, tsha'nd-ler, s. one who makes 
Change, tshandzh, v. a. to alter, to 

amend, to exchange — v. n. to undergo 

change, to suffer alteration— s. altera- 
tion, novelty, small money 
Changeable, tshandzab'l, a. subject to 

change, fickle, unsteady 
Changeling, tsh&'ndzh-llng, s. a child 

left or taken in the place of another, 

an ideot, one apt to change 
Channel, tsh&n'-nel, s. a course for wa- 
ters, a strait, a narrow sea, a gut or 

furrow of a pillar 
Chant, t^ha'nt, v. a. to sing, >o celebrate 
by song — v.n. to sing — s. song, me- 
Chanter, tsh£nt'-er, s. a singer 
Choiiucieei, sha'n tt kierr*, s. the cock 
Chantry, tsha'n-ti¥, ». church or chnpe! 

for priests to sing mass in [confusioD 
Chaos, ka-6s, s. an indigested heap 


[ 48 ] 


Sounds. — hit, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Chaotic, ka-bt'-lk, a. resembling chaos, 

Chap, tshap', some tshbp', v. a. to di- 
vide, to open, to crack — s. a cleft, a 
gap, a chink, the jaw 

Chape, tsha'pe, s. a catch of any thing 
by which it is held in its place, the 
metal tip of a scabbard 

Chapel, tshap'-e'l, s. a place of worship 

Chapelry, tshap'-el-ry 1 , s. the bounds of 
a chapel 

Chapfallen, or Chapfaln, tshap' fal'n,a. 
having the mouth shrunk, dispirited 

Chapiter, tshap'-y-ter, s. capital of a 
column or pillar 

Chaplain, tshap-len, s. a clergyman who 
attends the king or other great per- 
sons and performs divine service (a 
chaplain may also belong to a ship or 
a regiment) [about the mouth 

Chapless, tshap'-le's, a. without any flesh 

Chaplet, tshap'-lSt, s. a garland or 
wreath for the head [goods 

Chapman, tshap' man, s. a dealer in 

Chaps, tshap's, s. the mouth of a beast 
of prey, entrance into a channel 

Chapter, tsliap'-ter, s. a division of a 
book , an assembly of the clergy 

Char, tsha'r, *. a small fish, work done 
by the day — v. a. to burn wood to a 
black cinder — v. n. to work by the 
day at people's houses 

Character, kar'-ak-ter, s. a mark, a let- 
ter, reputation 

Characteristic, kar-ak-ter-ls'-tfk, a. pe- 
culiar to, distinguishing 

Characterize, kar'-ak-ter-ize, v. a. to 
give a character of a person , to im- 
print, to mark with a stamp 

Charcoal, tsha'r kol, s. coal made by 
burning wood under turf 

Charge, tsha'rdzh, v. a. to intrust, to 
impute as a debt, to accuse, to com- 
mand, to load a gun— s. trust, com- 
mand [putable 

Chargeable, tsha'rdzh ab'l, a. costly, im- 

Charger, tsha'r dzher, s. a large dish, a 
war horse [sure, of state 

Chariot, tshaV-^ot, *. a carriage of plea- 
Charioteer, sh&r-y'ot-e'r, 5. a chariot 
driver [volent 

Charitable tsha'r-'i-tab'l, a. kind, bene- 

Charity, tshar-l ty\ 5. tenderness, kind- 
ness, benevolence, good-will, alms 

Chark. tsMrk, v. a. to burn to a black 
cinder [mountebank 

Charlatan, sbtfr- a-tan, $. a quack, a 

Ch&rles's-wain, tsha'rlz-ez-wa'n<% .?. the 
northern constellation called the 
Great Bear [corn with a yellow flower 
Charlock, tsha'r-lok, s. a weed among 
Charm, tsha'rm, s. a philtre, a spell or 
enchantment — v. a. to bewitch, to 
captivate, to delight 
Charmer, tsharaner, §. one who charm* 
Charming, tsha'r-mmg, a. very pleas- 
Charnel-house, tsha'r-n^l-hous, 5. a re- 
ceptacle for the bones of the dead, a 
vault for dead bodies [&c. a map 

Chart, tsha'rt, s. delineation of coasts* 
Charter, tsha'r tor, s. a privilege, immu- 
nity, or exemption by royal grant in 
writing •/ 
Chartered, tsha'r-terd, a. privileged 
Charter-party, tsha'r-ter-pa'r-t^, s. a 
paper relating to a contract of which 
each party has a copy 
Char woman, tsha'r-wti-man, s. a wo- 
man hired for odd work 
Chary, tsha'r^, a. careful, cautious 
Chase, tsha'se, v. a. to hunt, to pursue, 
to drive — s. hunting, grame hunted, a 
piece of ground larger than a park, 
the bore of a gun 
Chasm;, kaz'm, s. a cleft, an opening, a 
vacuity [honest 

Chaste, tshaste, a. pure, uncorrupt, 

v. a. to correct, to punish 
Chastisement, tshas tlze-ment, s. cor- 
rection [body 
Chastity, tshas'-tf-ttf, s. purity of the 
Chat, tshat', v. n. to prate* to talk idly, 

to prattle—*, idle talk, prate 
Chatellany, shst'-el-la-ny* *; a district 

under the dominion of a castle 
Chattel, tshat'l, s. moveable property 
Chatter, tsMt'-ter, v. n. to make a noise 
like birds or with the teeth, to talk 
idly or carelessly 
Cheap, tshe'pe, a. to be had at a low 

rate — s. a bargain 
Cheapen, tshe'p'n, v. a. to ask the price 
of, to lessen the value [mirth 

Chearful, tshere-fnl, a. gay, full of 
Chearfulness, tshere-f ul'-ne's, s. alacrity 
Cheat, tshe te, v. a. to defraud, to im- 
pose upon, to trick — s. fraud, trick, 
imposture, a deceiver 
Check, tsngk', v. a. to repress, to chide, 
to controul — v. a. to make a stop, ta 
interfere—*, reproof, stop, curb, r«v 
straint, a draught on a banke 


r 49 ] 

s h5t, note, 16se, act6r — hot, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Checli er, tshgk'-er, v. a. to variegate or 

div< .'rsity 
Cheel :, tsheke, s. the side of the'face 

bel< )w the eye, a name among me- 

ch* .nics for'those parts of their ma- 

clii nes that are double 
Chee k-tooth, tshe'ke-toth, s. a hinder 

to< )th or tusk 
Chef r, tshe're, s. entertainment, jollity, 

gai ety— v. a. to incite, to encourage, 

to comfort — v. a. to grow gay 
Chee jc, tshe'ze, s. food made from milk 

cui ds [of curds, sugar, &c. 

Chee: ;ecake, tshe'ae-ka'ke, s. a cake made 
Cheesemonger, tsheze-m6ng-^r, 5. one 

wh o deals in cheese 
Chee sevat, tsche'ze-vat, 5. a wooden case 

feu • pressing the curds into cheese 
Chei ish, tshe'r-'fsh, v. a. to support, to 

nu rse up [blooming 

Cher ry, tsher'-ry, s. a fruit — a. ruddy, 
•Cherry cheeked, tsheV-ry-tshekt, a. hav- 

inj ; ruddy cheeks 
Chci ub, tsher'-ub, s. a celestial spirit 
Cher ubic, tshS-ru -b l ik, a. angelic 
Cherubim, tsher'-u-b'im, s. plural of 

Cher up, tsher'-up, t?. n. to chirp, to use 

a cheerful voice 
Chesnut, tshes'-ntit, s. the fruit of the 

ch<:snut tree, name of a brown colour 
Ches.s, tsheV, s. a kind of game 
Chess-board, tshes'-bord, s. a board to 

play at chess 
Chest, tshe'st', s. a box or coffer 
•Chevalier, shev a-lir, s. a knight, a gal- 
lant man 
Chevaux de frise, sheV-6-de-fri'z, s. a 

military fence, timber traversed with 

wooden spikes pointed with iron for 

defending a passage or tourniquet 
Che von, tshev'n, s. a river fish 
Chew,tsho', v.a. to grind with the teeth 

or masticate, to ruminate in the 

thoughts — v. n. to champ upon, to 

Chicane, shi-ka'ne, s. artifice in general 

— v. v. to prolong a contest by tricks 
Chicanery, slvi-ka'-ner-y, s. sophistry, 

wrangling [young of hens 

Chick', tshik, or Chicken, tshtk'-en,s. the 
Chicken-hearted, tshik "-en-ha'r-te'd, a. 

cowardly, feai ful [creeping plant 

Chickweed, tshtk'-wede, s. a small 
Chide, tshi'de, v.a. to reprove, to blame, 

to reproach [leader 

Chief, tshi'f, a. principal, eminent — s. a 

Chieftain, tshi'f-ten, s. a leader, a com 
mander [frost 

Chilblain, tshtfl'-blane, j. a sore made by 

Child, tshYl'd, s. an infant 

Childbearing, tshi'ld-ba'r-tng, fart, the 
act of bearing children 

Childbed, tshi'ld-b£d, s. state of a wo- 
man bringing a child 

Childbirth-, tshi'ld-birth, s> labour of a 
woman bringing forth 

Childermas-day, tshll-der^m^s-'da', s. the 
day on which the feast of the Holy 
Innocents is solemnized 

Childhood, tshi'ld-hud, s. infancy, the 
state of a child [trivial 

Childish, tshi'1-dfsh, a. like a child, 

Chiliad, kil'-yad, 5. a thousand 

Chiliarch, kfl'-y'-ark, s. a commander of 
a thousand men 

Chill, tsh-il,' a. cold, depressed, dis 
couraged — s. chillness, cold — v. a. to 
make cold, to depress, to blast with 

Chime, tshi'me, a sound of bells, con- 
cord of sound— v. n. to sound in 
harmony, to agree [fancy 

Chimera, ki-me-ra, s. a vain and wild 

Chimerical, ki-me'r'-l-kai, s. imaginary, 
fantastic [smoke 

Chimney, tshtm'-ny, s. a passage for 

Chimneypiece, tshfrn'-ny'-pis, s. an or- 
namental piece round the fireplace 

Chin, tshln', s. the lowest part of the 
human face [lain, a country 

China, tshi'-na, s. China ware or porce- 

Chincough, tshm'-kbT, 5. a violent and 
convulsive cough 

Chine, tshi ne, s. the backbone — v. a. to 
cut into chines 

Chink, tshingk', s. a small aperture 
longwise — v. a. to jingle like money 

Chinky, tshingk'-^, a. full of holes, 

Chints, tsltfnt's,s. Indian printed calico 

Chip, tshtp', v. a. to cut into small 
pieces — s. a fragment cut off 

Chirographer, ki-rbg'-raf-er, s . an officer 
who engrosses fines in the Commoa 
Pleas [writing 

Chirography, ki-rtfg'-rtif-y, s. the act of 

Chiromancy, ki-ro-man-sy, s. divina- 
tion by the hand 

Chirp, tshirp, v. n. to make a cheerful 
noise as birds— s. the noise of bird3 
or insects 

Chirurgeon, tshl-rur -dzhon, s.a surgeoa 

CHO [ 50 ] - CHU 

Sound*— h^tt, hate, hill, Mr — mSt, desist, m£, her — chtn, chine, Held, sh irt— 

Chisel, tstiiz'\,s. a tool with which wood 
or stone is pared away [of corn 

Chit, tshft', s. a child, a baby, a sprout 
Chitchat, tshft'-tshat, s. prattle 
Chitterlings, tshit'-ter-llngz, s. the guts, 
the bowels [knighthood 

Chivalry, sh\'v'4il ff,s. military dignity, 
Chives, shi'vz, s. the threads or fila- 
ments rising in flowers with seeds at 
the ends, a species of small onions 
Chlorosis, klo'-ro-sts, s. the greensick- 
Chocolate, tshbk'-dl-et, s. the nut of a 

cacoa-tree, the liquor made with it 
Choice, tshoYs, s. election, power of 
choosing, thing chosen, best part of 
any thing, variety, plenty— a. select, 
of great value, careful [exact choice 
Choicely, tshol's-iy, ad. curiously, with 
Choir, koYr, s. a band of singers, part 
of the church where the singers are 
Choke, tshoke, v. a. to suffocate, to 
stop or block up, to suppress — s. in- 
ternal part of an artichoke 
Choke-pear, tsho'ke-pare, 5. a rough 
and unpalatable pear, any sarcasm 
that stops the mouth 
Choler, kol'-er, s. the bile, rage, anger 
Choleric, kfil'er-lk, a. angry, full of 
choler [out, to elect 

Choose, tshftze, v. a. to select, to pick 
Chop, tsh8p', v. a. to cut with a blow, 
to devour eagerly ,to mince, to change 
— v. n. to do any thing with a quick 
motion — s. a small piece of meat, a 
crack, a cleft 
Chop-house, tsh&p'-hotis, *. a house 

where dressed chops are sold 

Chopin, tsfrbp'-in, s. a Scotch quart in 

wine measure [jolly 

Chopping, tshop'-p'ing, a. large, healthy, 

Choppy, tshop -py\ a. full of holes or 

Chops, tshtfp's, s. mouth of a beast 
Choral, ko'-ral, a. sung by a choir, sing- 
ing in a choir 
Chord, ko'rd. s. the string of a musical 
instrument — v. a. to furnish with 
strings [thedrals 

Chorister, kbY-fs-ter, s. a singer in ca- 
Chorography, k6-r5g'-r&f-y, s. art of de- 
scribing particular regions, teaching 
geography [a concert 

Chorus, kd'-rus, s. a number of singers, 
Chosen, tsho'z(n, part, made choice of, 

Chough, tshof, s. a Kind of bird vhich 
frequents the rocks by the sea 

Chouse, tshbu's, v. a. to cheat, to trick 
— s. a bubble, a trick i [unt tion 

Chirsm, krtz'm, s. an holy unguent or 

Christen, krts'n.v.a. to baptize, to rttme 

Christendom, krts'n-dom, s. the regions 
in which the Christian religion is 

Christening, krts'-n'mg, s. ceremony of 
baptizing infants 

Christian, krfs'tyan, ». a disciple of 
Christ— a. professing the religien of 
Christ [gi ve n at baptism 

Christian -name, krts'-tyan-ifime, s.iame 

Christianity, krfs-tyan'-l'-ty, s. the reli- 
gion of Christians 

Christmas, krts'-mas, s. the day on 
which thv nativity of our Savioir is 
celebrated, the 25th of December 

Chromatic, kro mat' -Ik, a. relating to 
colour or music 

Chronic, kr5n'-tk, a. of long duraton 

Chronicle, kron'-ik'l, s. a registor of 
events, history— v. a. to reconl iv 

Chronogram, krtin'-o-gram, s. inscrif tion 
including the date of any action 

Chronologer, kro-nSl'-o-dzher, 5. an ex* 
plainer of past time 

Chronological, kron-d-'lSdzh'-Y-kal, a. re- 
lating to chronology 

Chronology, krSn-bl'-o-dzhy, s. science 
of computing time 

Chronometer, krd-nom'-e-ter, s. an in- 
strument for the mensuration of time 

Chrysalis, kryV-a-Ks, s. first apparent 
change of any species of insect 

Chrysolite, kryV-d-lite, y. a precious 
stone, of a dusky green with a cast 
of yellow 

Chub, tshtib', s. a sort of river fish 

Chubbed, t3hob'-bgd, or tshtib'd, a. big 
headed, like a chub, stupid 

Chuck, tshtik, s. the voice of the hen r 
a word of endearment 

Chuckle, tshtik'l, v.r?. to laugh much— 
v. a. to call as a hen, to *bndJe 

Chuff, tshlif ', s. a blunt clownish person 

Chum, tshum', s. a chamber fello w 

Chump, tshtimp', s. a thick heavy piece 
of wood 

Church, tsh6rt/sh, s. a collective bodv 
of Christians, adhering to one' parti- 
cular form of worship, a pxlace of 
worship .v. a. solemnly to return 

t thanfrs after childbirth, &:c r 

cio [ 51 ] cm 

» 65t, note, ldse, act<5r— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Chunshman, tshurt'shman, s. a clergy- 

ma. a, an adherent to the church of 

En jland 
Chm ch-warden, tshur'sh-wa'rdfc'n, s. 

an officer chosen by the miuister and 

Chu rchyard, tshurtsh-ya'rd, s. the 

gnmnd adjoining the church in which 

che dead are buried 
Chur ! , tshurl, s. a rustic, a surly ill- 

ore i man, a niggard 
Churl ish, tshurl'-hsh, a. rude, harsh, 

sell) ih, avaricious 
Churn, tshur'n, s. the vessel in which 

butt* t is made— -v. a. to agiiate, to 

make I utter [chyle 

Chylaccous, ky-la shus, a. belonging to 
Chyle, k.f'ie, a. white juice formed in the 

soma^li by digesticn of the aliment 
Chymic, kym'-lk, or Chemical, k^m -fk'l, 

a. 1 elating to chvmistry mistry 

Chyniist, kym' 1st, s. a professor of chy- 
Chyroistry, kyni'-l's-try\ s art of sepa- 
rating i.atural bodies by fire 
Cici .trize, slk'-a Lrize, v. a, to heal a 

ny ound— v. n. to skin over 
Ck i onian, sts-er-6'n-yau, a. eloquent, 

p ure, eleganr 
Cic;i6Deo, tshi'-shtz-be'-o, s. a gallant, 

iiu attendant on a married lady 
Cider, si-der, s. the juice of apples ex- 
pressed and fermented [< ider 
Ciderkin, si'-dtr-kTn, s. inferior kind or 
Ciliary, sil'-yar f t a. belonging to the 
. eyelids [hairy 
Ciltcious, si-lfsh'-us, a. made of hair, 
Ci meter, sim'-e te>, r. a kind of short 

and recurvated sword 
Cincture, smgk-lure, s. a belt, sash, 

girdle, rina 
■Cinder, sln'-der, s. a mass of any thing 

burnt but not reduced to ashes 
•Cineraliun, sfu-er a shvin, s. areduction 

of any thing by fire 10 ashes 
Cradle, sing'!, s. a girth used for a horse 
-■Ciunaoar, sin'-na bar, s. vermilion, red 

mineral [bark of a tree 

Cinnamon, s*n'-na-m6n, s. the fragment 
Cinque, s'ingk', v. the number five 
•Cinque foil, slngk'-f oil, s. a kind of 

rive-leaved clover 
•Cinque- ace, stugk'-pase, s. a kind of 

grave dance 
Cinque-ports, stngk'- ports, s. five parti- 
cular English havens so called 
Cion, sf -6a, i. a sprout, the shoot of a 

Cipher, si'-fer, s. the mark 0, intertex- 

ture of letters, secret manner of writ- 
ing- v. n. to practice arithmetic, to 

write in secret characters 
Circle, sir'k'l, 5. around body, an orb, 

a company— v. a. to move round, to 

enclose, to Keep together — v. n. to 

move circularly 
Circlet, sir'k-igt, *. a little circie, orb 
Circuit, sir'-kit, s. the act of moving 

round, space, ring, visitation of the 

judges for holding assizes— v. n. to 

move circularly 
Circuitous, sir-ku-1-tus, a. tedious, in 

a round about way [circle 

Circular, sir-ku-lar, a. round like a 
Circularity, sir-ku-lar'-t-ty, 5. a circular 

form [a circle — v. a. to put about 

Circulate, sir-ku late, v. n. to move in 
Circulation, sir-ku-la shun, s. a motion 

in a circle, a re urn 
Circumambient, sir ktim-am -byent, a, 

Circumambulate, sir-kum-Sm'- bu-larr, 

v.n. to pass round about 
Circumc se, sir-kftm-size, v. a. to cut 

off the foreskin 
Circumcision, sir-ktim-steh'-fin, s. th« 

act of cutting off the fo eskin 
Circumduct, sir kam-dtLv't, v. a. to con- 
travene, to nullify 
Circumference, sir-ktfm'-fer-ens, s. a 

circuit, a circle, space enclosed in a 

Circumferentor, sir-kum-fer.en'-t6r, s, 

an ins rument fcr measuring angles 
Circumflex, sir-kum-fte'ks, s. an accer>! 

(a) used over a vowel to make it 

sound long fing round any thing 

Circumfluent, sir-kf>m fluent, a. flow- 
Circumfluous, sir-kum flu-us, a. envi- 

loued with waters 
Circumfuse, sir-kum-f G'z<?. v. a. to pour 

round, to diffuse [of pouring round 
Circumfusion,sir-kum-fu'-shan,6. the act 
Circumgirate, sir-kum'-gl rate, v n. to 

roll round [ing round any dung 

Circumjacent, sir-ktim dzha'-sent, a. ly- 
Cn cum locution, sii-kum 16 kiY shun, $. 

indi ec expressions, circuit of words 
Circummured sir kbm mu'rd, a. watled 

CircumnavieatioD, sir-ktim-nav-Yg.a'. 

shun, s. the act of sailing round 
Circumnavigator, sir-kum-nav'-Xg-a-tdr, 

s. one who sails round 

CIV [52] CLA 

Sounds.— hat, hate, hail, liar— m^t, desist, me, he> — chm, chine, fteld, sh irt- 

Circumrotation, sir-kttm-ro-ta-shun, 
the act of whirling round 

Circumscribe, sir-kum-skri'be, v. a. to 
enclose, to bound, to limit 

Circumscription, sir-kum-skr'rp'-shtin, s. 
limitation, confinement 

Circumspect, sir-kum-spe'kt, a. cauti- 
ous, attentive, wary 

Circumspection, sir'-ktim-speY-shun, s. 
caution, watchfulness 

Circumspective, sir-kum-spe'k'-tfv, a. at- 
tentive, cautious [cautiously 

Circumspectly, sir-kum-spe'kt'-iy, ad. 

Circumstance, sir'-kum-stans, s. an inci- 
dent, an event 

Circumstantial, sir'-ktim-stan-shal, a. 
accidental, minute, particular 

Circumstantiate, sfr-kum-stan-shyate, v. 
a. to describe exactly 

Circumvallation, sir-kum-val-la-shtin, s. 
a fortification round a place 

Circumvection, sir-kam-veY-shun, s. the 
act of carrying round 

Circumvent, sir-kum-vent', v. a. to de- 
ceive, cheat 

Circumvention, sir-kum-veV-shun, s. 
fraud, cheat, prevention 

Circumvest, sir-kum-ve'st', v. a. to put 
or garnish round [round 

Circumvolve, sir-kum-volv', V. a. to roll 

Circumvolution, sir-ctim-vd-lu-shtin, $. 
the act of rolling round 

Circus, sir-k&5, or -Cirque, slrk', j. an 
area for sports vuth circular seats 

Cistern, sts'-tern, s. a vessel to hold 
water, &c. a reservoir 

Cit, sit', s. a pert low citizen 

Citadel, sft'-a-del, s. a sort of fortress 

Cital, si'-tal, s.a. reproof, impeachment, 
summons, a quotation 

Citation, sl-ta-shun, s. the calling a per- 
son before the judge, quotation from 
an author, words quoted, enumera- 
tion [to quote 

Cite, si'te, v. a. to summon, to enjoin, 

Cithern, sWh'-ern, s. a kind of harp 

Citizen, s'lt'-Y-zen, s. a freeman of a city, 
an inhabitant of a city 

Citrine, sYt'-rm, a. lemon-coloured— 
s. a species of crystal 

Citron, sit r6n, s. a fruit resembling a 

City, stt'-^, s. a town corporate that 
hath a bishop 

Civet, sWe't, s. an animal, the perfume 
produced by the animal 

Civic, stv'-tk, a.relating to civil honours 

Civil, sfv*n, a. political, civilized, com- 
plaisant, kind [the civil law- 
Civilian, slv-Tl'y&n, *. one that profissses. 
Civility, sfv-fl'-K-ty, .s. freedom, polite- 
ness, kindness [polish 
Civilize, sVv'-tl-ize, v. a. to reclaim, to* 
Clack, klak', s. a continued noise, part 
of a mill— v. n. to talk fast, to let the 
tongue run 
Clad, klad', prct. and part, of clothe 
Claim, kla'me, v. a. to demand of right- 
— s. demand of any thing due, a. title 
Claimant, kla'-ment, s. he that demands 
Clamber, klam'-ber, v. n. to climb with. 

Clamm, klam', v. n. to clog with glu- 
tinous matter 
Clammy, klam'-my, a. viscous, glutin« 

ous, ropy 
Clamorous, klam'-6r-6s, a. noisy, loud 
Clamour, klam -or, v. outcry, noise, vo* 

Clamp, klamp', s. a piece of wood joined, 

to another 
Clan, klan', s. a family, a race, a sect ' 
Clancular, klang-kular, a. clandestine 
Clandestine, klan-deV-tm, a. secret,. 

hidden, sly 
Clang, klansf, s. a sharp shrill noise-—-- 
v. n. to clatter, to make a loud shrill 
noise — v. a. to strike with a noise 
Clanguor, klang'-gor, s. a loud sharp • 

Clank, klangk', s. a loud sharp noise 
Clap, klap', v. a. to strike together, to"; 
applaud — v. n. to strike the hands 
together in applause— s. a loud noise, 
an explosion, an act of applause 
Clapper, klap'-per, s. one that claps, the 

tongue of a bell 
Clapperclaw, klap-per-kla', v. a. to scold 
Clarenceux. klar'-e'n-sfi, s. the second 
king at arms, so named from the dut- 
chy of Clarence 
Claret, klar'-e't, s. a sort of French wine 
Clarification, 'klar'-t-ft-ka'-shnn, $. the- 

art of making clear 
Clarify, klar'-tfy, v. a. to purify or clear 
Clarion, klar'-^on, s. a sort of trumpet 
Clarity, klar'-*-ty, s.brightness,clearnes» 
Clary, kla'-r^, s. an herb 
Clash, klash', v contradict, to op- 
pose— v. a. to strike one thing against 
another — s. a noisy collision of two 
Clasp, klasp', s. a holdfast, a hook — 
V. a. to embrace, to hug, to hold fast 


sh8t, note, 16sc, acto> — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Clasper, k!as'-per,s. the thread of creep- 
ing plants 
Class, klas', s. rank, order, a set of be- 
ings or things— v. a. to range into 
Classic, klas'-sfk, a. relating to antique 
authors of the first order or rank — 
5. an author -f the first rank 
Clatter, kiaY-ter, v. n. to make a con- 
fused noise — v. a. to dispute, jar, cla- 
mour — s. a rattling or confused noise 
Clause, kla'z, s. a sentence, a particular 
stipulation [cloister 

Claustral, klas-tral, a. relating to a 
Clausure, kla'-zurf , s. confinement 
Claw, kla', v. a foot of a beast, or bird 

v. a. to tear with nails, to scold 
Clay, kla, & an unctuous earth 
Clay-cold, kla'-k6wld, a. cold as earth, 

Clean, klene, a. free from dirt, neat, 

innocent -v. a. to free from dirt 
Cleanliness, ki^n'-l^-nts, *. neatness, 
purity [ness 

Cleanness, klene-nes', s. elegance. neat- 
Cleanse, klgnz', i>. a. to free from filth 

or dirt, to purify 
Clear, kle're, a bright, serene, evident, 
manifest, guiltless, unentangled — ad. 
quite, completely— v. a. to make 
bright or plain, justify, cleanse, dis- 
charge — v. n. to grow bright 
Clearance, kl&' rens, $. the act of clear- 
ing, acquittal 
Clearly, kle're-ltf, ad. brightly, plainly 
Clearness, kle re n£s, s. perspicuity, 
lustre (judicious 

Clearsighted, Here si-te'd, «.discerning, 
Clearstarch, klere-sta'rtsh, v. a. to stif- 
fen with starch 
Cleave, kl£Ve,w. n. to adhere, to part 
asunder — v. a. to divide with vio- 
lence, to split [ment 
Cleaver, kle-vgr, 5. a butcher's intru- 
der, klgf ', s. a mark to shew the key in 

Cleft, klgft, part . of cleave— s. a crack 
Clemency, kl^m'-gn-cy 1 , s. mercy, gen- 
Clement, klem'-ent, a. mild, gentle, 
merciful [down 

Clench, kl^nsh', v. a. to fasten, to pin 
Clepe, kl^'pe, v. a. to call, to name 
Clepsydra, kigp-sy'-dra, s. a machine to 
measure time by the running of water 
Clergy, kler'-dzliy, s. the whole order 
or body of divinos 

Clergyman, kler'-dzhy-man, s. a man in 

holy orders [clergy 

Clerical, kleV-ik-al, a. relating to the 

Clerk, kla'rk, s. a clergyman, a man of 

letcvrs, a man employed as a writer 
Clerkship, Uark'-shtp $. office of a clerk 
Clever, klev'r, a. skilful, dexterous 
Clew, klii', v. thread wound upon a bot- 
tom, guide — v. a. to raise saiL in or- 
der to be furled 
Click, klik', v. n. to make a sharp noise 
Client, kli'-ant, s. an employer of an at 
torney, (fee. [or hill 

Cliff, klif, or Clift,kh'ft',5. a steep rock 
Climacter, kll mak'-ter, s. every seventh 

or ninth month 
Climacte.ic, kh mak-ter'-Yk, a. contain- 
ina a number of years, at the end of 
which some great change is supposed 
to befal the body [land 

Climate, kli'-m£t, s. a region or tract of 
Climax, kll'-maks, ?. gradation, ascent, 
a rhetorical figure by which the sen- 
tence rises gradually 
Climb, kli'me, v. n. to ascend up any 

place— v. a. to ascend 
Clime, kli'me, v. climate, region 
Clinch. kiYnsh', v. a. to hold fast, to 
contract the fingers — s. a pun, ambi- 
guity, part of a cable, a witty saying 
Clincher, klinsh'-er, s. a cramp or hold- 
Cling, kh'ng'. v. n. to hang upon by 
twining round, to dry up [the bedside 
Clinic, khn'-tk, a. keeping the bed, at 
Clink, kltngk', v. a. to sound or jingle 
like metal— v. n. to utter a small in- 
terrupted noise [cinders 
Clinker, kftngk'-er, s.a paving brick, bad 
Clinquant, klingk'-ant, a. shining, glit- 
Clip, kltp',r. a. to embrace, to cut short 
Clipping, kltp'-ptng, s. the part cut or 

clipped off 
Cloa*- , klo'ke , s. an outer garment, con- 
cealment — v. a. to cover with a cloak 
Clock, kloV, s. an instrument which 

tells the hour, a sort of beetle- 
Clockwork, kl5k'-w6rk, s. movements 

by weights or springs 
Clod, klttd', s. a lump of earth or clay, a 

dull fellow 
Clodpate, kltfd'-pat<?, s. a stupid fellow 
Clodpole, klod'-p6al,s. a thick skull 
Cloff, klttf, s. allowance amo^g mer- 

CLU [ 54 ] COC 

Sounds.— hat, hate, hall, liar— mSt, desist, me, he> — cMn, chine, field, shirt- 

Clog, kltfg', v. a. to obstruct— v. n. to 

coalesce, adhere— s. hindrance, a 

sort of wooden shoe 

Cloister, klbYs-ter, *.a place of religious 

retirement, piazza— v. a. to shut up in 

a cloister 

Close, kld'se, a. to shut, to conclude, 

to join — v. n. to coalesce, agree upon 

— s. a small field enclosed, a pause, 

conclusion [concise 

Close, klb'se, a. shut fast, confined, 

Close-bodied, klo'se-bbd-id, a. sitting 

close to the body [crecy 

Closeness, klo'se-nfe's, s. narrowness, se- 

Close-stool, klo'se-stol, s. a chamber 

Closet, kloz'-e't, s. a small private room 

— v. a. to take or put into a closet 
Closure, klo'-zhure, s. an enclosure, con- 
Clot, klbY, s. a hard lump, a concretion 

— v. n. to form clots, to concrete 
Cloth, klbtfc, $. any thing woven for 
dress or covering [ments, to dress 
Clothe, klb'the, v. a. to cover with gar- 
Clothes, klo'ze, 5. apparel, covering 
Clothier, klo'-thy6r, s. a maker of wool- 

Clothing, klo-thVng, s. dress, garments 
Clotty, klbt-ty, a. full of lumps or clots 
Cloud, klbii'd, s. a body of vapours in 
the air — v. a. to darken with clouds 
v. n. to grow cloudy [clouds 

Cloudcapt, kioud-k&pt, a. topped with 
Cloudiness, klbfr'-dy-nes, s. darkness, 

Cloudy, klbu'-dy, a. obscured with 

clouds, gloomy, dark 
Clove, kld've, s. a sort of spice 
Clover, klo'-ver, s. species of trefoil 
Clovered, klo'-verd, a. covered with 

Clout, klbu't, s. a cloth for any mean use 
Clouted, klbu'-ted, part, congealed, 
coagulated [bred man 

Clown, klbw'n, s. a churl, a coarse ill- 
Clownish, klbw'-ntsh, a. uncivil, awk- 
ward, ill-bred 
Cloy, klby', v. a. to satiate, to surfeit 
Club, kltib', s. a heavy stick, the name of 
a particular card, society — v. n. to 
contribute to common expence — v. a. 
to pay a common reckoning 
Clublaw, klttb'-la, s. the law of arms 
Clubroom.fcltib'-rom, s. a room for a 
club [hen 

Clack, kltik', v n. to call chickens as a 

Clump, klump', s. a shapeless piece of 
wood [numbscull 

Clumps, kltimp's,5. a stupid fellow, a 
Clumsy, klfim-zy', a. awkward, heavy 
Clung, kiting', pret. and part . of cling 
Cluster, kltis'-ter, 5. a bunch, herd, or 

body of people or animals, &c. 
Clutch, kltitsh', s. a grasp, hand, paw — 

v. a. to hold fast, to gripe, to clinch 
Clutter, kltit'-ter, s. noise, bustle hurry 
Clyster, clfs'-ter, s. an injection into the 

body [together 

Coacervate, ko-a-ser'-vate, v. a. to heap 
Coach, ko'tsh, s. a carriage of pleasure 

or state 
Coachman, ko'tsh-man, a coach driver ' 
Coaction, kd-aV-shtin, s. compulsion 
Coadjutant, kd-ad'-ahu-tent, a. help- 
ing, f c-operating 
Coadjutor, ko-ad'-zhu-tbr, *. a helper, 

an assistant 
Coagulate, ko-ag'-u-lat<?, v. a. to curdle, 

to run into clots [cretion 

Coagulation, ko-ag'-u-la-shun, J. aeon- 
Coal, kole, v. a fossil used for firing 
Coalesce, ko-a-les', v. n. to unite, to 

grow together, to join 
Coalise, ko-alTz'e, v. n. to join, unite, 

form a coalition 
Coalition, kc~a lfsh'-tinT s. an union in 

one mass or body [ging coals 

Coalmine, kb'le-mine, s. a mine for dig- 
Coaly, ko'-ly\ a. containing coal, like 

Coaptation, ko-ap-ta-shtin, s. the ad- 
justment of parts to each other 
Coarse, korse, a. gross, not refined, 

rude, vile 
Coast, ko'st, s. the shore, the edge or 

margin of the land next the sea— v.a. 

by or near [the shore 

Coaster, ko'st-ir, 5. vessel sailing near 
Coasting, kostVtag, a. trading along a 

Coat, kote, s. a man's upper garment, 

a petticoat, a tegument 
Coax, kd'ks, v. a. to wheedle, to flatter 
Cobalt, kbb'-alt, s. a mineral for making 

Cobble, kbb'l, v. a. to mend coarsely or 

Cobier, kbb'-ler, s. mender of shoes, a 

botcher [ing swan 

Cobswan, kbb'-swan, *. the head or lead- 
Cobweb, kbb'-we'b, s. a spider's web 
Cochineal, kbtsrA'n-Ale, s. an insect 

used to die scarlet 


[ 55 ] 


shbt, note, l&se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Cock, kbk', $. the male of birds, a spout 
to let out liquids, part of a gun, torm 
of a hat, small heap of hay, needle 
of a balance— v. a. to set erect, to 
mould the form of the hat, fix the cock 
of a gun'for a discharge 
Cockade, kbk-ka de, s. a bow of ribband 

worn on a hat 
Cock-a-hoop, kbk'-a-hope, a. triumph- 
ant, exulting 
Cockatrice, koY-a-trts, s. a serpent sup- 
posed to rise from a cock's egg 
Cocker, kbk'-ker, s. one who handles 
or fights cocks— v. a. to fondle, in- 
Cockerel, koV-ker-el,s, a vouDg cock 
Cocket, kSk'-ke't, s. a ticket from the 
custom-house | [triumphant 

Cockhorse, kbk'-hb'rs, a. on horseback, 
Cockle, kbk'l, s. a shellfish, or weed 
that grows in corn — u. n. to contract 
into wrinkles [spiral stairs 

Cockiestairs, kok'l-sta'rz, s. winding or 
Cockloft, kok'-loft, a. the room over the 
garret [money 

Cockmatch,kbk'-matsh,s. a cockfight for 
Cockney, kbk'-n^, *. a native of Lon- 
don, an effeminate, low citizen 
Cockpit, kok'-ptt, s. a place where cocks 

light, place in a ship of war 
Cockscomb, kbk's-kom, s. a plant 
Cocksure, kok'-shure, a. confidently cer- 
tain, quite sure 
Cockswain, kftk'-se'n, s. one 'who has 
charge of steering a captain's barge, 
&c. [made from it 

Cocoa, ko'-ko, s. a kind of nut, liquor 
Coction, kbV-shtin, s. act of boiling 
Cod, kbd', s. a sea fish, case or husk of 
seeds [civil law 

Code, ko'de, s. a book, volume of the 
Codicil, kbd'-'i-sil, s. an appendage to a 

Codille, ko-dtl', s. a term at ombre 
Codle, kbd'l, v. a. to parboil 
Codling, kbd'-llng, s. a sort of apple 
Coefficacy, ko-6f '-f l-ka-sy", s. co-opera- 

tion, power of acting together 
Coemption, ko-ernp'-shiin, s. the act of 

buying up the whole 
Coequal, ko-e'-kwal, a. equal with 
Coerce, ko-ers, v. a. to restrain by 

Coercion, ko-eY-shtin, s. penal restraint, 

Coercive, ko-er'-sYv, a. that has the 
power of restraining, forcible 

Coessential, ko-e's-sen'-sh'al, a. partici. 

pating of the same essence 
Coetaneous, ko-e-ta'-nyAs, a. coeval, c4 
the same age [eternal 

Coeternal, ko-e-ter'-nal, a. equally 
Coeval, ko-S'-val, a. of the same age — 
s. a contemporary [same time 

Coexist, ko-eg-ztst', v. n. to exist at the 
Coexistent, koe'g-zfs'-te'nt, a. having ex- 
istence at the same time 
Coffee, koT-'fy, s. berry of an Arabian 

tree, drink made by the infusion 
Coffeehouse, kof'-fy-hbus, s. a house 

where coffee is made and drunk 
Coffer, kof -fer, *. a money chest 
Cofferer, kbf '-fer-er, *. a principal court 

Coffin, kbf -fin, s. chest for dead bodies 
Cog, kbg', s. the tooth of a wheel, a 
kind of boat — v. n. to fix cogs in, te 
wheedle— v. n. to lie 
Cogency, ko-dzhen-cy", s. strength, force 
Cogent, kd'-d3hfe'nt, a. forcible, resist- 
less, convincing 
Cogitation, kbdzh-Y-ta -shtin, s. thought, 
meditation, care [allied 

Cognation, kbg na'-shun, s. kindred, re- 
Cognisee, kbn-f-ze', s. he to whom a 
fine in lands or tenements is acknow- 
ledged [a fine to another 
Cognisor, kbn-Y-zbr, s. he that passeth 
Cognition, kbg-nl'sh'-un, s. knowledge, 
conviction [tried or examined 
Cognizable, kbn'-i zeb'l, a. proper to be 
Cognizance, kbn'-Y-zens, s. judicial no- 
tice, a crest [as husband and wife 
Cohabit, ko-hab'-Yt, v . n. to live together 
Cohabitant, ko-hab'-Y-tent, s. inhabitant 

of the same place 
Coheir, koare, s. joint heir 
Coheiress, ko-a'r-Ys, s: a joint heiress 
Conere, kd-here, stick together, 

Coherence, ko-her'-ens, s. consistency 
Coherent, kc-he'-rent, a. sticking toge- 
ther, consistent union, connexion 
Cohesion, kd-he-zhtin, s. a state of 
Cohesive, kd-he-sYv, a. having the 

power of sticking together 
Cohobate, ko'-ho-bate, v.n. to distil a 
second time [peated distillation 

Cohobation, ko-ho ba'-shdn, s. a re- 
Cohort, ko -hbrt, s. a troop of soldiers 

in number 500 
Coif, ko'tf, s. head-dress, cap 

COL [ 56 ] COL 

Sounds— ti&t, hate, ball, liar— m^t, desist, me, her— chin, chine, Held, shirt— 

Coigne, kbYn, s. a corner 

Coil, kbYl, s. tumult, bustle, rope 

wound into' a ring— v. a. to gather 

into a narrow compass, to roll up a 


Coin, kbYn, s money legally stamped— 

v. a. to make money, to forge 
Coinage, kbY-ne'dzh, s. the practice of 
coining [agree with 

Coincide, ko-fri-si'de, v. n. to concur, to 
Coincidence, ko-l'n'-sf-dens, s. concui- 
rence [rent, agreeing with 

Coincident, ko-Yn'-sY-dSnt. a. concur- 
Coiner, kot ner, s. one who makes mo- 
ney [at a mark 
Coit, koTt, s. around flat iron to throw 
Coition, kb-teh'-tin, s. the act by which 

two bodies come together 
Coke, koTce, s. a cinder made by burn- 
ing pit-coal 
Colation, ko-la'-shun, s. the act of fil- 
tering or straining 
Colbertine, kbl-ber-ti'n, s. a kind of 

lace worn by women 
Cold, kow'ld, a. not hot, not hasty, coy, 
chaste— s. want of heat, chilness, a 
Colewort, ko'le-w6rt, s. a sort of cabbaare 
Colic, kbl"-fk,s. a disorder affecting the 
bowels [gether 

Collapse, kbl-lKp's, v.n. to fall close to- 
Collar, kbT-lar, s. something put round 
the neck, a band — v. a. to seize by 
the collar 
Collate, k61-la'te, v. a. to compare, to 
examine, to raise to an ecclesiastical 
benefice [rallel, not di-rect 

Collateral, kol-lXt'-er-al, a. running pa- 
Collation, kbl-la-shtin, s. a gift, compa- 
rison, repast [presents, &c. 
Collator ,k51-la-t6r, s.onethat compares, 
Colleague, kol'-leg, s. a partner in office 
or employment — v. n. to unite with 
Collect/ kcU-leVt, v. a. to gather toge- 
ther, to infer [sive prayer 
Collect, kbT-le'kt, s. a short comprehen- 
Collectaneous, kbl-lec-ta'-nyYis, a. ga- 
thered up together 
Collection, kbl-leV-shun, s. things col- 
lected, a conclusion [accumulative 
Collective, kbl-li^k'-tiv, a . apt to gather, 
Collector, kbl-lgk'-tor, s. a gatherer, a 
tax-gatherer [of learning 
College, kol lgdzh, s. a society, a house 
Collegian, kbl-le-dzhan, s. a member of' 
of a college [college 
Collegiate, kol-le-dzhet, a. having a 

Collet, kbl-let, s. something about the 

neck, the part of a ring in which the 

stone is set [coal ship 

Collier, kbl-yer, s. a digger of coals, a 

Colliery, kol'-yer-?, s. a piace where 

coals are dug, coal trade [cahbage 

Collirlower, kol-lf-flbft-er, s. a species of 

Colligation, kol-h'-gd-shtin, s. the act of 

binding together 
Colliquate, kor-lY-kwate, v. a. to melt, 
to dissolve— v. n. to melt, to be dis- 
solved [dissolvent 
Colliquative, koT iV-kwat-tv, a.melting, 
Collision, kbUYzh-tin, s. act of striking 
together, a clash [station 
Collocate, kol'-18-kate, v. a. to place, to 
Collocation, kul-16-ka-shun, 5. the act 

or state of being placed 
Collocutioh, kbl-id-ku-shan,j.discourse, 


Collop, koT-lop, s. a small cat or slice 

of meat [conversation 

Colloquial, kol lo-kw^al, a. relating to 

Colloquy, kol'-lo-kwy", 5. a conference 

Collusion, kbl-ru'-zhtin, s. a deceitful 

agreement [deceitful 

Collusive, kbl-lu'-sYv, a. fraudulent, 

Colon, ko'-lbn, *. the great gut, this 

point [:j ^ [lars 

Colonade, kol bn-ade, s. range of pil- 

Coionel, kbr'-n^l, s. the commander of 

a regiment 
Colonial, kbl-6-nval, a. belonging 'to a 
colony [with inhabitants 

Colonise, kol-b-nlze, v. a. to supply 
Colony, kol'-on-y, 5. a body of people 
drawn from the mother country, the 
country planted 
Colophony, kbl-b-fo-ny\ s. black resin 
Colorate, k61-6r-ate, a. coloured, died y 
tinged [to produce colour 

Colorofic, kbl-or-Yf'tk, a. that is able 
Colosse, ko-15s', or Colossus, kd-^s-zus, 

s. statue of enormous size 
Colour, k6l'-6r, s. a green, red, bluej, 
&c. a pretence — v. a. to die, to ex- 
cuse, to make plausible [specious 
Colourable, k<51-6r-aVl, a. plausible, 
Colouring, k61'-6r-?ng, s. an art in 
painting an excuse [foolish fellow 
Coit, ko'lt, s. a young horse, a young 
Coltsfoot, kolts'-fut, 9i a plant 
Columbary, kol'-tim'-bar-y, s. a dovecot, 
a pigeon house [colour 

Columbine, kbl-tim'- bine, s. a plant* 
Column, kbT-tira, s. a round pillar, part 
of a page 


[ 57 ] 


shSt, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— troly\ rye— thus, thick. 

Comate, ko'-mate, s. a companion, an 

Comb, konn, s. an instrument for the 
hair, the crest of a cock, the cavities 
in which bees lodge their honey— v. a. 
to divide, clean or adjust the hair 

Combat, kom bat, v. n. to fight— v. 
oppose— s. a contest, a battle, a duel 

Combatant, kom'-ba-tent, s. he that 
fights with another, a champion 

Comber, kom -er, s. one who smooths 
wool [promised 

Combinate, kom'-bY-net, a. betrothed, 

Combination, kom-bi-na'-shun, s. a con- 
spiracy, an association 

Combine, k&m-bi'ne, v. a. to join, to 
unite, to accord— f. n. to coalesce 

fJombustiblc, kom-btis'-ttb'l, a. that 
which easily takes fire 

Combustion, 'kom-btts'-tshtin, *. a con- 
flagration, a burning, a confusion 

Come, kom', v. n. to draw near, to move 
towards [comic parts, an actor 

Comedian, kom-e-dyan, s. a player of 

Comedy, kbrn'-e-d?, s. a dramatic re- 
presentation of the lighter faults of 

Comliness, k6m-ly u -ne J s, s. grace, beauty 

Comely, k6m-ly', a. graceful, decent— 
ad. handsomely, gracefully 

Comet, kom'-et, s. a heavenly body 
which moves round the sun in a very 
eccentric orbit [meat 

Comfit, k6m'-ftt, s. a kind of dry sweet 

Comfort, kom'- fort', v. a. to enliven, 
to invigorate, to console— s. support, 
countenance, consolation 

Comfortable, kom'-fart-Kb'l, a. afford- 
ing relief [consoles another 

Comforter, k6m'-fmt-er, *. one who 

Comic, kbm'-ui, a. relating to comedy, 
merry, raising mirth [morous 

Comical, kom'-?-c41. a. diverting, hu- 

Coming, k6m'-Yng, s. an arrival, a draw 
ins near— part, ready to come, for- 
ward, future [thus[,J 

Comma, kfim'-ma*, 5. a point marked 

Command, kom-ma'nd, v. a. to govern, 
order, overlook— v. n. to have the 
supreme authority — s. act of com- 
manding, order 

Commander, kom-mSnd-er, s. a chief 

Commandment, kom'-mand-ment, *. a 
precept [to preserve the memory of 

Commemorate, kbm-mem'-or ate, v. a. 

Commemoration, kom-mgrn-dr-a'^shtin, 
act of public celebration 

Commence, kom-me'n's, v. n. to begin t 
to assume— v. a. make a beginning o! 

Commencement, k5m-m£ns'-ment, s. 
beginning, date 

Commend, kom-mend', v. a. to repre- 
sent as worthy of notice, praise 

Commendam, kBm-me'n'-dam, s. a void 
benefice commended to some person 
till a pastor is provided 

Commendation, ktfm-me'n-da-shfin, s. 
recommendation, praise 

Commendatory, kom-me'n'-d&-t6r-y, a. 
containing praise 

Commensurabilty, kbm-men-sCi-r&'-bir- 
t-ty, s. the capacity of being compa. 
red as to measure 

Commensurate, k6m-me'n'-s&-rate, v. a. 
to reduce to some common measure 

Commensurate, kom-me'n'-su-re't, a. pro- 
portionable, equal 

Commensuration, kom'-men'-su-ra shtin, 
s. a reduction to some common mea- 
sure [tion 

Comment, kbm'-me'nt, s. notes, explana- 

Comment, kbm-me'nt', v. n. to write 
notes, expound [planation, notes 

Commentary, kfim'-men-tdr y, s. an ex- 
Commentator, kbm-mgn-ta'-ter, s. one 
who- explains [vented, imaginary 

Commentitious, kom-me'n-tlsh'-us, a. in- 

Commerce, kbm-mers, s. trade, traffic 
— v. a. to hold intercourse 

Commercial, kom mer'-shyai, a. relating 
to commerce, trading 

Commination, kom'-ml-na'-shtin, s. a de- 
nunciation of punishment 

Commingle, kom-nring'l, v. a. to mix or 
blend together — v. n. to unite 

Comminution, kbm-nri-nCi'-shtin, s. act 
of grinding into small parts 

Commiserate, kom-mfz'-er-ate, v. a. to 
pity, to compassionate 

Commiseration, kfan-mfz-e'r-a-shtin, s. 
compassion, sympathy 

Commissary, kom'-nrts-sar-y, s. a dele- 
gate, a deputy 

Commission, kom-mfsh-tin, s. a trust, 
warrant office, charge— v. a. to em 
power, to appoint 

Commissioner, kom-mtsh'-dn-er, s. ont 
empowered to act 

Commit, kSm'-mft, v. a. to instruct, t# 
send to prison, to perpetrate 

Commitment, kbrn'-mft-meat, s. ordei 
for committing 

Committee, kom.nrit'-y, s. select num 
ber appointed to manage any mattw 


r 58 r 


Sounds— Wit, hate, hall, liar— mgt, desist, me, h^r-cMn, chine, field, shirt- 

Commix, kom-mlk's, v. a. to mingle, to 
blend [pound 

Commixion, kom nrtk'-shiin, s. a com- 

Co-rsmode, kom-mode, s. a woman's 
head dress 

Commodious, kbm-md'-dytis, a. con- 
venient, suitable, useful 

Comm dity, kbm-mbd-i-ty, 5. profit, 
convenience, merchandise 

Commodore, kom mo-do're, s. a captain 
of a squadron of ships 

Common, kom'-m6n, a. equal, vulgar, 
usual, public— s. an open country, 
public ground 

Commonalty, k6m'-m6n-al-ty", s. the 
common people, the bulk of mankind 

Commoner, kom'-mon-er, s. a member 
of the House of Commons, a student 
of the second rank at the university 

Commonplace, kbm-mon-piase, v. a. to 
reduce to general heads 

Commonplace-book, kbm-m6n-pla'se-bok 
s. book of general heads 

Commons, kom' monz, *. the common 
people, the lower house of parlia- 
ment, fare 

Commonwealth, kbm-m6n-we , ltn, s. a 
republic, the public [agitation 

Commotion, ktim-md'-shun, s. a tumult, 

Commune, k5m'-mune, v. ft. to converse, 
to impart 

Communicant, kom-mfV-nY-kent, s. one 
who receives the sacrament of the 
Lord's supper 

Communicate, kSm-mii'-m'-kate, v. 
impart, to reveal — v. n. to partake of 
the blessed sacrament 

Communication, ktim-mu-nt-ka'-shun, s. 
. the act of imparting or exchanging, 
a common inlet, a conversation, a 

Communicative, kbrn-mu-nY-kft-ttv, a. 
liberal of knowledge, free, not selfish 

Communion, kom-mii'-ny6n, s. inter- 
course, fellowship, taking the Lord's 

Community, kbm-mfY-nY ttf, $. the body 
politic, the commonwealth, a common 

Commutability, k8m-mfT-ta-b1Z- v f-ty, s. a 
being capable of exchange 

Commutation, kbmmu-ta'-shon, s. ex- 
change, ransom 

Commute, kom-mute, v. a. to ex- 
change, to buy off— v. n. to atone 

Compact, kom'-pakt, s. a contract, a 
mutual agreement 

Compact, kom-pakt', a. firm, solid, 
close, brief 

Companion, k&m-p&n-yon, s. a comra do 
a partner, an associate 

Company, k6m'-p&-ny, s. an assembly, a 
fellowship, a body corporate, a small 
body of armed men 

Comparative, kcon-par'-SUtVv, a. estima- 
ted by comparison 

Compare, kbm-pa're, v. a. to examine 
or measure one thing by another — s. 
comparison, similitude 

Comparison, kc>m-par'-is-6n, s. compara- 
tive estimate, the act or comparing, 
likeness, simile 

Compartment, ko-par't-ment, s. a di- 
vision of a picture, &c. 

Compass, k&m'-pas, v. a. to surround, 
grasp, obtain — s. circle, enclosure, 
space, power of the voice, instrument 
for drawing circles, an instrument 
whereby mariners steer 

Compasses, k6m'-pas-sfz, s. a mathema- 
tical instrument 

Compassion, k6m-p&sh'-tin, 5. pity, com. 
miseration, feeling 

Compassionate, k6m-pash'-6n-e't, a . mer- 
ciful, tender [to pity 

Compassionate, k6m-p^sh'-<5n-ate, v. a. 

Compatibility, kara-piM-Dll'-l-ty", s.con- 
sistency, suitableness 

Compatible, kbm-p&tVib'l, a. consistent 
with, aereeable to [same country 

Compatriot, ko-pa'-trf-ot, s. one of the 

Compeer, kbm-pe'n', s. an equal, a com- 
panion, a colleague— v.n. to be equal 
with [strain 

Compel. kbm-peT, v.a. to oblige, tocon- 

Compellation, kfim-pgl-la-shiin, s. the 
style of address [brief summary 

Compendious, kom-pfri'-dyus, a. short, 

Compendium, k&m pen'-dyurn, s. an 
abridgment, a breviate 

Compensate, kftm-pe'n'-sate, v. a. to re- 
compence, to counterbalance 

Compensation, kttm-p&n-sa-shun, s. an 
equivalent, a recompence 

Competence, kbm'-pe-tens, s, sufficien- 
cy, power 

Competent, kftm'--pt-te'nt, a. suitable, 
adequate, qualified 

Competible, kftm-pe't'-'ib'l, a. suitable t« 

Competition, kbm-pe tish'-tin, s. a con- 
test, rivalship [opponent 

Competitor, k6m-pe , tf-1-t8r, s. a rival, an 

Compilation kSm-pi-la'shun, s. a calico 
tion, an assemblage 


[ 59 ] 


shbt, note, 16se, actor — hilt, push, mute, fur, — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Compile, kbm-pi'le, v. a. to collect 
! from various authors [civility 

Complacency, kbm-pla zen c#, s. joy, 
Complacent, kbm pla'-zent, a. civil, af- 
fable, mild 
Complain, kbm-pla'ne , v. ?i. to murmur, 

to lament, to inform against 
Complainant, kbm-pla'-nent, s. one who 

urges a suit against another 
Complaint, kbm-pla'nte, s. an accusa- 
tion or impeachment, a lamentation, 
. a disease [politeness 

Complaisance, kom-ple-zans, s. civility, 
Complaisant, kbm-ple-zant, a. civil, 
, obliging [number, &c. 

Complement, kom'-ple-ment, s. the full 
Complemental, kom-ple-men'-tai, a. fill- 
ing up, completing 
^Complete, kbm-ple'te, a. full, perfect, 
I finished — v. a. to perfect, finish 
Completion, kbm-ple-shun, s. act of 

fulfilling, accomplishment 
Complex, kbm'-pleks, a. composed of 
- many parts [of the face, <5cc. 

Complexion, kom-plgk'-shun, s. colour 
.Compliance, kbm ply'-ens, s. submission 
/Compliant, kbm-pli' -gnt, a. yielding, 
civil [tangle, to join 

.Complicate, kbrn'-plf-kate, v. a. to en- 
Complicate, kbm'-ptt-ket, a. compound- 
ed of many parts 
.Complicated, kbm'-ply'-kat-cdjpar^. in-; 

tricate, difficult 
Complication, kom-pli-ka-shun, *. a 

mixture of many things 
Compliment, kbm'-pit-me'nt, s. an act 
of civility — v. a. to flatter — v. n. to 
use compliments [pressive of respect 
Complimental, kbtn-pli-men'-tal, a. ex- 
Complot, kbm-plbt', v. a. to conspire, 
to unite in [submit, to agree 

Comply, kom-ply', v. n. to yield or 
Component, kbm-po'-nfent, a. consti- 
tuting, forming 
Comport, kbm-pb'rt, v. n. to agree, to 
suit — v. a. to bear, to endure — s. be- 
haviour [sistent 
Comportable, kbm-po'r teb'l, a. con- 
Compose,kbm-poze, v.a. to form, write, 
imagine, calm, settle [rious, sedate 
.Composed, kbm-pozd, part, calm, se- 
Composite, kbm-poz'-lt, a. compound- 
ed ; in architecture, the last of the 
] five orders of columns 
^Composition, kbm po-zfsh-an, s. a mix- 
ture, congruity, a written book, an 
agreement or accommodation 

Compositor, kbm-pbz'-'i'-tdr, 5. one who 

ranges and adjusts printing types 
Compost, kbm'-post, i. manure 
Composure, kbm-po-ziiuir, s. order, 
lorm, calmness [drink ins match 

Compotat'on, kbm pG-ta' shun, a. a 
Compound, kbm-pbund, v. a. to mix— 
v. n. to come to terms by abating 
Compound, kbm'-pbund, a. formed out 
of many ingredients — s. a mass of in- 
gredients [comprise, to conceive 
Comprehend, kom-pre hend', v. a. to 
Comprehensible, kom-pre-hen'-slb'l, a. 

intelligible, conceivable 
Comprehension, kbm-pre-hen'-shun, s. 

knowledge, capacity 
Comprehensive, kdm-pre-he'n' s¥v, a. 
having the power to understand, ca- 
pacious [embrace 
Compress, kbm-preV, v.a. to squeeze, to 
Com 1 res, kbm'-pres, s. a bolster of linen 
rags [ing to pressure 
Compressible, kbm-pres'-stb 1, a. yield- 
Compression, kom presh'-un, s. the act 

of bringing parts near to each other 
Compressure, kbm-presh'-ur^, s. the act 
of pressing against [to include 

Comprise, kbm-pri'ze, v. a. to contain, 
Compromise, kom'-pro xwze , s a com- 
pact or bargain — v. a. to adjust by 
mutual concessions 
Comptrol, see Control 
Comptroller, see Controller 
Compulsatively, kbrn-ptil'-sa-tlv-iy, ad, 
by constraint [pelling, forcing 

Compulsatory,kftm-par-sa-t6r-y",tf. corn- 
Compulsion, kbm pul'-shtin, s. the act 
j of compelling, force 
Compulsive, kom ptil'-sfv, a. forcing 
Compulsory, kbm ptil'-sor-^, a. compel- 
ling, forcing [trition, repentance 
Compunction, kbm-pungk' shttn, s. con- 
Compurgation, kbm-ptir gii'-shtin, s. a 

vouching for another 
Computation, kbm pu-ta'-shtin, s. a cal- 
culation, an estimate [calculate 
Compute, kbm-pu'tc, v. a. to reckon, to 
Comrade, kbm'-rade, 5. an associate, a 

Con, kbn', 7;. a. to study, to think 
Concamerate, kbn kam'-er-ate, v. a. to 

arch over, to vault 
Concatenate, kbn-kat'-e-nate, v. a, to 

link or join together 
Concatenation, kbn-kat-e-na shtin, s. a 
series of links 


I <*> 3 


Sounds.— h&t, hate, hall, liar— m^t, desist, me, her — cMn, chine, rleld, shirt- 

Concave, kbn-kave, a. hollow in the 

inside as a bowl or cup 
Concavity, kftn-kav'-f-t^, *. hollowness 
Conceal, k5n-se ie, v. a. to hide, to keep 
secret [retreat 

Concealment, kbn sek-mfent, s. secrecy, 
Concede, kbn-sede, v.a. to admit, grant 
Conceit, kbn-sete, s. a conception, an 
idea, fancy, pride— v. a. to imagine, 
to believe {"opinionated 

Conceited, kbn-se'-te'd, fart, proud, 
Conceive, kftn-seve, v. a. to form in the 
mind, to understand, to think— v. n. 
to think, to become pregnant 
Concent, kbn-se'nt', s. harmony, con- 
Concentrate, ko-sen'-trate, v. a. to drive 
into a narrow compass, or towards 
the centre [to one point 

Concentre, ko-sen' ter, v.n. to bring to 
Concentric, ko-sen'-trik, a. having one 
common centre [gible 

Conceptible, kon-sep'-fib'l , a. inielli- 
Conception, kbn-se'p'-shun, *. the act of 
conceiving, a notion, apprehension, 
Concern, kbn-sern', v. a. to belong to, 
to affect, to interest — s. an affair, a 
business, interest [lating to 

Concerning, kon-ser'-ntng, part. a. re- 
Concert, kon-seVt, v. a. to settle pri- 
vately, to contrive 
Concert, kbn'-sert, s. music in several 
parts, a symphony [yielded, a grant 
Concession, kon-seV-shun, s. a thing 
Conch, kbngk', s. the name of a shell 
Conciliate, kon-sil-yate, v.a. to gain, to 

Conciliation, kbn-s'il-ya'-shun, s. the act 
of reconciling [maker, a friend 

Conciliator, kon-sfl-ya- tor, s. a peace- 
Conciliatory, ,kbn-s11-yft-t6r-y, a. relat- 
ing to reconciliation 
Concinnity, kbn-sin'-nf-ty, 8. decency, 

Concise, kon-si'se, a. brief, short 
Conciseness, kon-sl'se-ngs, s. brevity, 

Concision, kon-sfzh'-tin, s. a cutting off 
Concitation, kbn-sl ta'-shun, s. a stirring 
up, a disturbance [cardinals, &e. 

Conclave, kbn'-klave, s. an assembly of 
Conclude, kbn-klucU?, v. a. to deter- 
mine, to finish 
Concludent, kbn-klu'-dent, a. decisive 
Conclusion, kon-klu'-zhtin, s. determi- 
nation, consequence, end 

Conclusive, kbn-kiu'-slv, a. decisive, 
convincing, strong 

Concoct, kon-kbk't, v. a. to digest by 
the stomach 

Concoction, kbn-kbk'-shtin, s. digestion 
in the stomach 

Concomitant, kbn kbm'-¥-tent, a. ac- 
companying, joined to— s. a compa- 
nion, an attendant [harmony 

Concord, kbn' kbrd, s. agreement,union, 

Concordance, kbn-kord'-ens, s. index to 
the Scriptures, agreement 

Concordant, kon-kb'r-dent, a. agreeing, 
suitable, fit [a convention 

Concordate, kbn-kb'r-det, s. a compact, 

Concourse, kbn'-kdrse, 5. a great num- 
ber of persons assembled together, a 

Concrete, kon-kre'te, v.n. to coalesce 
into one mass— v. a. to form by con- 

Concrete, kbn'-krete, a. composed of 
different matters, or dissimilar prin- 
ciples [union of parti 

Concretion, kbn-kre-shun, s. a mass, an 

Concubine, kbn'-k u bine, s. a harlot 

Conculcate, kon-kul' ket, v. a. to tram- 
ple under foot 

Concupiscence, kbn-ku-pYs'-ens, s. lust 

Concupiscent, kbn-ku'-pts-sent, a. libi- 
dinous, sensual [opinion 

Concur, kbn-ktir , v. n. to agree in one 

Concurrence, kbn-ktir-r£ns, s. union, 

Concurrent, kbn-kur'-rent, a. acting ia 
conjunction — s. that which concurs 

Concussion, kon kush'-tin, s. the act of 
shaking, agitation 

Condemn, kon-de'm', v. a. to doom to 
punishment, to blame 

Condemnation, kon-dgm-na'-shtin, s. a 
sentence of punishment 

Condemnatory, kon de'm'-na' tor-y, a> 
passing a condemnation 

Condensate, kon d^n'-sate, v. a. to make 
thicker — v. n. to grow thicker 

Condensation, kon-den-sa-shun, *. the 
act of thickening 

Condense, kon-d^ns', v. a. to make 
thick or close — v. n. to grow close — 
a. thick 

Condenser, kbn-de'n'-ser, s. a vessel 
used in distillation and pneumatics 

Condensity, kon-de'ri-sf-ty', s. the state, 
of being condensed 

Condescend, kbn-de-se'nd', v, n. te I 
stoop, to yield, to bend 


[ «1 ] 


shtit, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Condescension, kon-dg-sgn'-shan,*. sub- 
mission, courtesy [able, deserved 
Condign, kttn-di'ne, a. merited, suit- 
Condiment, kon'-df-ment, s. seasoning, 
sauce [preserve by salts 

Condite, kbV-dite, v. a, to season, to 
Condition, ktfn-dtsh'-un, equality, tem- 
per, state, rank, stipulation 
Conditional, kon-dfsh-6n-al, a. by way 
of stipulation, &c. [pulated 

Conditionary, kon-dlsh'-6n-ar-y, a. sti- 
Condole, kbn-dd'le, v. n. to lament 

jointly — v. a. to bewail jointly 
Condolence, kbn'-dol-ens, s. sympathiz- 
ing grief [doning, a forgiving 
Condonation, kon-do-na'-shtin, *. a par- 
Conduce, ktfn-du'se, v. n. to help, to 

promote, to contribute to 
Conducible, ktfu-du'-s'ib'l, a. having the 
power of conducing [helping, &c. 
Conducive, kon-du-slv, a. promoting, 
Conduct, kon'-dukt, s. economy, beha- 
; viour [manage 

Conduct, kbn-dukt', v. a. to lead, to 
• Conductor, kon dtik'-t6r, s. a leader, a 
director, a chief [pipe, a cock 

e Conduit, kSn'-dft, s. a canal, a water- 
Cone, kone, s. a solid body in the form 
of a sugar-loaf [converse, to chat 
Confabulate, kon-fab'-u-late, v. n. to 
Confabulation, kon-fab-u-la-shun, s. 

easy conversation 
Confection, kbn-feV-shun, s. a sweet- 
meat, a mixture 
Confectionary, kbn-feY-shon-ar-y\ s. a 

place where sweetmeats are made 
•Confectioner, ktfn-feV-shun-er, *. the 
person who makes or sells sweet- 
meats [league 
Confederacy, kon-fe'd'-er-a-sy', s. union, 
'Confederate, ktin-fe'd'-er-ate, v. a. to 
join, unite, combine — v. n. to unite 
in a league 
Confederate, kbn-fe'd'-er-e't, a. united 
' in a league— s. an ally, a companion 
Confederation,, kon-fed-er-a'-shun, s. 

close alliance, union 
| Confer, kbn-fer', v. n. to discourse with 

— v. a. to give, to bestow 
{ Conference,kBn-fer'-ens, 5. conversation 
! Confess, kbn-feV, v. a. to acknowledge, 
to grant, to own — v. n. to make con- 
fession [ment, disclosure 
| Confe%sion,kbn-f^sh-un, s. acknowledg. 
Confessor, k&n'-fe's-soY, *. one who hears 
r confessions 
I! 2ottfest,ktfa-f£st', a. opes, known, plain 

Confidant, kttn-ft-da'nt, f. a person 
trusted with a secret, a bosom friend 
Confide, kon-fi'dt?, v. n. to trust in 
Confidence, kon'-fy-dens, s. assurance, 

Confident, kftn'-fi-de'nt, a. pos : tive, 
daring, bold — s. one trusted with se- 
crets [worthy of confidence 
Confidential, kttn-fl-den'-shal, a. trusty, 
Configuration, kbn-ftg-u-ra'-shtin, s. 
form of parts adapted to each other 
Confine, kon'-fine, s. limit, boundary, 

Confine, kSn-fi'ne, v. n. to border upon 
— v. a. to limit, to imprison, to re- 
strain [sonment, want of liberty 
Confinement, kon-flne-mgnt, s. impri- 
Confines, kon-finz', a. bounds, limits, 

or borders of a country 
Confirm, k8n-firm', v. a, to make cer- 
tain, to establish, to fix, to adminis- 
ter the rite of confirmation 
Confirmation, kon-fir-ma'-shun, s. a 
proof, convincing testimony, ecclesi 
astical rite [on private property 

Confiscate, ktfn ffs'-katf, r. a. to seize 
Confiscation, kon-tts-ka'-shun, s. the act 
of transferring the forfeited goods of 
criminals [neral fire 

Conflagration, kbn-fla-gra-shun, s. a ge- 
Conflation, k8n-fla-shun, s. the act of 
blowing many instruments together, 
a melting of metal 
Conflict, kbn'-frikt, v. a. to fight, to 
contest, to struggle— s. a contest, a 
struggle, agony 
Confluence, k5n-flu-ens. *. conflux, 

union of two or more rivers, &c. 
Confluent, kon'-flu-gnt, a. running into 
one channel [rents, a crowd 

Conflux, kbn'-fliiks, s. an union of cur- 
Conform, kon-fS'rm, a. assuming the 
same form— v. a. to reduce to the 
like appearance— v. comply with 
Conformable, ktfn-f6'r-ma'b , l, a. agree- 
Conformation, kbn-for-ma'-shtin, s. a 
proper disposition of parts as relating 
to each other [complies 

Conformist, k5n-f6rm'-1st, s. one who 
Conformity, kon-fb'r-mt-ty, s. simili- 
tude, a compliance 
Confound, kbn-fttu'nd, v. a. to mingle, 

perplex, disturb 
Confounded, kSn-ftfti'n-d&l, part, hate- 
ful, detestable 


[ 62 ] 


Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— m^t, desist, me, her— chin, chine, Held, shirt- 

Confraternity, kon-fra-ter'-nt-ty>. a re- 
ligious brotherhood 
Confront, kon-front', v. a. to face, to 

oppose, 10 compare 
Confronted, kbn fron'-ted,2>ar£. oppos- 
ed, brought face to face 
Confuse, kbnfuV, v. a. to disorder, 

perplex ooscure [astonishment 

Confusion,kou fu zhun,s.tumult,hurry, 
Confutation, kon-fu ta-shun, s. act of 

confuting, disproof 
Confute, kon-fu'te, v. a. to convict of 

error, to disprove [a bow 

Conge, kb'n-dzhe, s» act of reverence, 
Conge-d'elire, k8'n-dzh£-de-tf'r, s. the 

king's permission to choose a bishop 
Congeal, kbn-dzhele, v. a. to freeze — 

v. n. to harden, to grow stiff 
Congelation, kbn dzhe-la'-shttn, s. state 
r of being congealed or made solid 
Congenial, kodzhe'-nyal, a. partaking 

of the same nature 
Conger, kbng'-er, s. the sea-eel 
Congeries, kbn-dzhe-ryes, s. amass of 

small bodies [to amass 

Congest, kbn-dzhe'st', v. a. to heap up, 
Congestion, kon-dzh£s'-tshun, s. a col- 
lection of humours [to ice 
Conglaciate, kon gla sh^te,v.n. to turn 
Conglobate,kon'-glo-bate, v.a. to gather 

into a hard ball 
Congloba'ion, kon-glo-ba-shun, s. a 

round hard body 
Conglomerate, kon-glbm'-er-ate, a. to 

gather into a ball, to make round 
Conglutination. kbn-glu-tt-n'-sh'uu, s. 

the act of uniting wounds 
Congou, kbn'-go, s. a finer sort of Bo- 

hea tea 
Congratulate, kbn-grat'-u-late, v. a. to 

compliment upon any happy event— 

v. n. to rejoice in participation 
Congratulation, kbn-grat-u-la-shun, *. 

a giving joy [expressing joy 

Congratulatory, kbn-grat"-u-la tor-?, a. 
Congregate, kbn'-gre-ge'r, a. collected, 

compact [lection, an assembly 

Congregation, kbn-gre-ga'-shan, s. a col- 
Congress, kbn-gres, *. a meeting, an 

assembly, a conflict [encountering 
Congressive, kon-grgs-sYv, a. meeting, 
Congruent, kon'-gru ent, a. agreeing, 

suitable [fitness 

Congruity, kongru-i-ty, s. suitableness, 
Congruous, kon'-gru-us, a. consistent, 

suitable [cone 

Conic, k(5n'-Sk, a. having the form of a 

Conies, kbn'.fks, s. the doctrine of conic 

Conical, kbn'-V-kal, a. like a cone 
Conjectural, kbn dzhgk'-tft ral, a. de 

pending on conjecture 
Conjecture, kon-dzheY-ture, s. a guess, 
supposition -v. a. to guess, to sup- 
pose [nect — v. n. to league, unite 
Conjoin, kftu dzhbYn, v.a. to unite, cor- 
Conjoint, kon-dzhbfnt, «. united, con- 
nected [belonging to marriage 
Conjugal, kbn'-dzhQ-gal, a.matrimonial, 
Conjugate, kftn'-dzhu-gate, v. a. to join, 

to uni e, to inflect verbs 
Conjugation, kbn-dzhu-ga-shun, s. form 
of inflecting verbs, union, assemblage 
Conjunct, k5n-dzhungkt', a. conjoined, 

Conjunction, kbn-dzhongk'-shun, s. an 
union, a league, the sixth part of 
Conjunctive, kbn-dzhtingk'-ttv, a. close- 
ly joined, united together 
Conjunctly, kbn-dzhhngkt' \$,ad. joint- 
ly, together 
Conjunc ure, kbn dzhtfngk'-ture, 5. a 

critical or peculiar time 
Conjuration, kon-dzhu-ra'-shtin, s. ar 

enchamment, a plot 
Conjure, kon-dzhure, v. a. to enjoin 

solemnly, to conspire 
Conjure, kon'-dzhur, v. n. to practise 
charms or enchantments [teller 

Conjurer, kon-dzhur-er, s- fortune- 
Connate, kon-nate,a.born with a. other 
Connatural, kbn-nat'-u-ral, a. suitable 

to or connected by nature 
Connect, kfin-neVt, v. a. to join, to 

link, to unite— i'. n. to cohere 
Connected, kbn'-ngk-te'd, part, united 
together, joined [together 

Connex, kbn-nfks', v.a. to join or link 
Connexion, kon-neY-shun, s. an union, 
a relation [ness 

Connivance, kbV-mv*ens,s. wilful blind- 
Connive, kbn-mve, v. n. to wink at a 
fault [critic 

Connoisseur, kbn'-is-sur, s. a judge, a 
Connubial, kbn-nu'-byal, a. relating to 
marriage [of a cone 

Conoid, ko-nbid, *. a figure partaking 
Conquer, kon'-ker, v. a. to gain by con- 
quest, to win, to subdue — v. n. to 
get the victory 
Conqueror, kdn'-ker-6r, s. one who 
overcomes, a victor [a victory 

'Conquest, kbn'-kwe'st, 5» a thing gained 


[ 63 ] 


shot, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Consanguineous, kon-sang-gwln'-ytis, s. 
near of kin, related 

Consanguinity, kbn'-sang gwfn'-Y ty*, s. a 
relationship by blood 

Conscience, kbri-shens,s.the judgment 
of the soul on our moral actions, jus- 
tice, reasonableness 

Conscientious, kbu-shySn'-shus, a. scru 
pulous, exactly just [able, proper 

Conscionable, kbn-shbn'-eb'l, a. reason 

Conscious, kbn'-shus, a. privy to, in 
wardly persuaded [enrolled 

Conscript, kSn' skrtpt, a. registered, 

Conscription, kbn-skrip'-. hun, s. an 
enrolling [sacred, &c. 

Consecrate, kbn' se-krate, v. a. to make 

Consecrate, kon'-se-kret, a. consecrated, 
sacred [act of making sacred 

Consecration, kbn se-kra -shiin, s the 

Consectary, kbn'-se'k-t&r-y, a. conse 
quent .consequential — s. an inference, 
a corollary 

Consension, kbn-se'n'-shun, *. concord 

Consent, kbn-sent', s. agreement, cor- 
respondence — v. n. to agree, to be 
of one mind 

Consentaneous, kbn-sfe'n-ta'-nyus, a. 
agreeable to, consistent with 

Consentient, kbn-sen'-shent, a. agree- 
ing, united in opinion [importance 

Consequence, kbn'-se-kwens,s. an effect, 

Consequent, kbn'-se-kwent, a. follow, 
ing naturally 

Consequential, kbn-se-kwen'-shal, a. 
conclusive, important 

Conservdncy, Isbn-ser'-ven-stf, ». court 
held for the preservation of the fish- 
ery in the river Thames 

Conservation, kcn-ser-va'-shtin, s. the 
act of preserving 

Conservative, kbn-ser'-va'-t'iv, a. having 
power to preserve 

Conservatory, kbn-ser'-vft-tor-y\ s. a 
place where any thing is kept, a 
greenhouse [or candy fruit 

Conserve, kbn-serv', v. a to preserve 

Conserve, kbn'-scrv, s. a sweetmeat, 
preserved fruit 

Consider, kbn-sld'-er, v a. to think 
upon, to examine, to regard — v. n. 
to think maturely, deliberate 

Considerable, kbn sid-er'-;ib'l, a. im- 
portant [thoughtful 

Considerate, kbn-sfd'-er-e't, a. prudent, 

Consideration, kon-std er-a -shun, 
ture thought, meditation, compensa- 
tion, reason, notice 

Consign, kbn-si'ne, v. a. to make over 
to another 

Consignation, kbn sfg-n&'-shun, 5. the 
act of consigning 

Consignment, kbn-si'ne-me'nt, 5. trans- 
fer of goods to a factor or merchant 

Consimiiar, hO-slm'-i-l&r, a. having a 
common resemblance [of, to agree 

Consist, kbn-sTst', v. n. to be composed 

Consistence, kbn-slst'-ens, s. sunstance, 
density [able, firm 

Consistent, kbn-si's'-tSnt, a. confoim- 

Consistorial, kbn-sis-tb'-ryal,a. relating 
to the spiritual court [court 

Consistory, kbn-sls'-tor-y, s. a spiritual 

Consociate, kbn so'-shSt, s. an accom- 
plice, an ally [to join 

Consociate, kbn-so -shate, v. a. to unite, 

Consociation, kbn so shya'-shun, *. alli- 
ance, union [tion of misery- 
Consolation, kbn-so-la'-shun, s. allevia- 

Consolatory.kbn-rbl'-a-tbr-y, a. tending 
to give comfort [cheer 

Console, kbn-so le, v. a. to comfort, to 

Consolidate, kbn-sbl'-t-date, v. a. to 
form into a solid body, harden— v. n. 
to grow hard or solid 

Consolidation, kbn-sbl-Y-da-shtm, s. tha 
act of uniting into one solid mass 

Consonance, kbn'-so-nens, s. harmony, 

Consonant, kbn'-so-nent, a. agreeable. 
suitable,consistent — s. a letter which 
cannot be sounded by itself 

Consort, kon'-sbrt, s. a wife or husband, 
a companion 

Consort, kbn-sb'rt, v. n. to associate 
with— v. a. to marry, to accompany 

Co-ispicuity, kbnspl-ku-l-ty, 5. bright- 
ness, clearness 

Conspicuous, kbn-spfk'-u-us, a. obvious 
to the sight, eminent 

Conspiracy, kbn-spir' -a-s^, s. a plot, a 
lawless combination 

Conspirator, kbn-sptr'-a-tor, $. a plotter 

Conspire, kbn-spi"re, 9. »« to concert a 
crime, to plot, to conduce 

Constable, kon'-steb'l, s. a common 
peace officer [steadiness 

Constancy, kbn' sta -sV, s. firmness, 

Constant, kbn'-stSnt, a. firm, unchange- 
a; le 

Constellation, kbn-stel-la'-shun, s. a 
cluster of fixed stars 

Consternation, kbo-stei-na'-shun, s. as. 
tonishment, terror 
G 2 


[ 64 ] 

Sounds. — hSt, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me*, her- 


cMn, chine, field, shirt — 

Constipate, kon'-sfi'-pate, v.a. to crowd 
to thicken, to stop 

Constipation, kbn-stf-pa-shtin,s. the act 
of crowding together, costiveness 

Constituent, kbn-stft'-u-ent, a. essen- 
tial, composing — s. he that deputes 
another, an elector 

Constitute, kbn'-stl-t&te, v. a. to make, 
to establish, to depute 

Constitution, kon-sti'-tu'-shan, s. the 
frame of body or mind, law of a 
country, form of government 

Constitutional, 'kbn-stY-tu'-shun-il, a. 
bred in the constitution, radical, con- 
sistent with the constitution, legal 

Constrain, ktfn-strane, v. a. to compel, 
to force, to press [confinement 

Constraint, kftn-stra'nt, s. compulsion, 

Constriction, kbn-strYk'-shun, s. con- 
traction, compression, force 

Constringent, konstrm'-dzhe'nt, a. of a 
binding quality, or compressing 

Construct, kSn-strtikt', v. a. to build or 

Construction, kbn-struk'-shtin,s. the act 
of building, meaning, syntax 

Constructive, kon struk'-tlv, a. capable 
of construction 

Constructure, k5n-strnk'-ture, s. a pile, 
an edifice, a fabric [to explain 

Construe, ktin's-ter, v. a. to interrupt, 

Constuprate, kon'-stu-prate, v. a. to 
violate, to debauch 

Consubstantial, kbn-sub-st£n'-sh&l, a. of 
the same substance 

ty, s. existence of more than one in 
the same substance 

Consubstantiate, kbn-stibrst£n'-shyate, 
v. a. to unite in one common sub- 
stance or nature 

Consubstantiation, kon -sub-st£n-shya'- 
shtin, s. the union of more than one 
in one substance 

Consul, kbn'-snl, s. the chief magistrate 
in the Roman republic, a chief mana- 
ger of trade for his nation in foreign 
parts [a consul 

Consular, kbn'-su-lar, a. belonging to 

Consulate, kon'-su-let, s. office of con- 
sul [office 

Consulship, k&n-soT-shYp, s. consul's 

Consult, kon-stilt', v. n. to take counsel 
together — v. a. to ask advice, to de- 
bate, to plan 

Consultation, ktfn-snl ta-shun, s.the act 
of consulting, deliberation 

Consume, kftn-su'me, v. a. to waste, to 
destroy — v. n. to waste away 

Consummate, ktin-sum'-mate, v. a. to 
complete, to perfect 

Consummate, kftn-stim'-me't, a. com- 
plete, perfect 

Consummation, kSn-sttm-ma'-shun, s. 
completion, perfection, end 

Consumption, kbn-stimp'-shun, $. the 
act of consuming, waste, a disease 

Consumptive, kbn-sump'-tfv, a. de- 
structive, wasting [union 

Contact, kdn'-takt, *. a touch, close 

Contagion, kbn-ta'-dzhtin, 5. an infec- 
tion, pestilence [catching 

Contagious, kbn-ta'-dzhus,a. infectious, 

Contain, kbn-ta'ne, v. a. to hold, com- 
prise, restrain 

Contaminate, kttn-t&m'-Y-nate, v. a. to 
defile, to corrupt [luted, defiled 

Contaminate, kon-tXm'-f-net, a. pol- 

Contamination, k5n-tam-Y-na'-shun, s. 

Contemn, kbn-t^m', v. a. to despise, to 
scorn, to neglect [derate 

Contemper, ko-te'm'-per, v. a. to mo- 

Contemperation, ko-tem-per-a'-shtin, s. 
the act of tempering,a proportionate 
mixture of parts 

Contemplate, kbn-te'm -plate, v. a. to 
study, meditate — v. n. to muse 

Contemplation, kon-tgrn-pla'-shttn, s. 
meditation, thought 

Contemplative, kBn-t&np'-lX-tYv, a. 
thoughtful, studious 

Contemplator, kon'-tSm-pla-tor, s. one 
employed in study 

Contemporary, ko-t&n'-po-rdr-y, a. liv- 
ing at the same time — 5. one living 
in the same age 

Contemporise, kd-te'm-pd-rize, v. a. to 
make contemporary 

Contempt, kon-tgmptf, s. scorn, dis- 
dain, hate, vileness 

Contemptible, kbn-temp-tib'l, a.worthy 
of scorn, vile, mean 

Contemptuous, kon-te'mp'-tu-us, a. 
scornful, proud 

Contend, kftn-tgnd', v.n. to strive with, 
to struggle — v. a. to dispute, contest 

Content, k6n-t£nt', a. satisfied, easy — 
v. a. to satisfy, please, gratify— 5. 
moderate happiness, satisfaction, 
extent [ed, not repining 

Contented, ktfn-te'n'-te'd, part, satisfi- 

Contention, kbn-tfen'-shun, $. strife, de. 
bate, contest, zeal 

CON I 65 j CON 

shbt, note, 16se, act6r— hlit, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Contentious, kbn-ten-shus, a. quarrel- 
bo r 

some, perverse 
Conterminous, ko-t^'-mf-nus 

dering upon 
Contest, kbn-test', v. a .to dispute, to 

wrangle— v. n. to strive, contend 
Contest, kbn'-test, s. a dispute, a de- 
bate, a. quarrel [contesting, debare 
Contesta'ion, kbn-te's-ta'-shtin, 5 act of 
Context, kou'-te'kst, s. general series of 

a discourse 
Context, kon-tSkst', a. united, firm 
Contexture, kdn-tSk's-tun , ,s.. an inter- 
weaving or joining together, system, 
Coutiguity, kbn-tf-gu'-f-ty, s.actual con- 
tact [so as to touch 
Contiguous, kon-tig'-&-6s, a. meeting 
Continence, kbn-tl'-ne'ns, s. restraint, 

Continent, kbn'-tf-ne'nt, a. chaste, tem- 
perate, abstemious — s. land not se- 
parated by the sea 
Contingent, khn-tin'-dzhSnt, a. acciden- 
tal, casual — s. chance, proportion 
Continual, kbn-£i'u'-u-al, a. incessant 
Continuance, kbii-Kn-u'-ans, s. dura- 
tion [rupted, unbroken 
Continuate, kbn-fm'-fc-e't, a. uninter- 
Continuation,kbn-tln-u-a-shnn,s. a con- 
stant succession 
Continue, kbn-tYn'-u, v. n. to remain in 
the same state, to dwells to perse- 
vere — v. a. to protract 
Continuity, kbn-tin-u'-f-ty, s. connexion 
uninterrupted [writhe 
Contort, kbn-ttfrt, v. a. to twist, to 
Contortion, kbn to'r-shtin, s. a twist, a 
strain, a flexure [figure 
Contour, kbn-to'r, s. the outline of a 
Contra, kon' tra, ad. on the other side 
or part. The Latin prep, contra 
used in composition signifies against 
or opposite [illegal 
Contract, kbn-trakt', v. a. to shorten, 
to betroth, to get a habit of — v. n. to 
shrink up, to grow short, to bargain 
— part, affianced, contracted 
Contract, kbn'-trakt, s. a bargain, an 
agreement [of contraction 
Contractable, kbn-trak'-tfb'l, a. capable 
Contraction, kbn-trak'-shtin, s. the act of 
shortening or abridging, an abbrevi 
ation \ [makes bargain , 
Contractor, kbn-trak'-tbr, s. one whc ' 

Contradict, kbn-tra-dYkt', v. a. to op- 
pose verbally, 10 deny 
Contradiction, kon-tra-dtk'-shun, s. op- 
position, inconsistency 
Contradictory, kbn-tra dYk'-tor-y, a. in- 
consistent with 
Contradistinction, kbn-tra-dfs tYngk'- 
shtiu, s. distinction by opposite qua- 
Contradistinguish, kbn-tra-dYs-ting- 
wYsh, v. a. to distinguish by oppo- 
sites [sistent, across 

Coutrariant, kbn-tra' rygnr, 5. incon- 
Con trades, kon'-tra-riz, s. propositions 

that oppose 
Contrariety, kbu-trftri'-e-ty, s. opposi- 
tion, inconsisteney [the contrary 
Contrariwise, kbn'-tra-rY-wize, ad. on 
Contrary, kon'-tra-r^, a. opposite, dis- 
agreeing, adverse 
Contrast, kon'-trast, s. opposition 
Contrast, kbn-trast', v. a. to place in op- 
Contravallation, kSn-tra^val-la'-shun, s. 
a fortification thrown up to prevent 
sallies from a garrison 
Contravene, kon-tra-v&'ne, v. a. to ob- 
struct, to oppose [position 
Contraventior , ken-trS-v^n'-shun, s. op- 
Contributary, kbn trYb'-u-tar-y, a. pay- 
ing tribute to the same sovereign 
Contribute, kbn-trYb'-ute, v. a. to give 

— v. n. to bear a part 
Contribution, kon-trf-bu'-shun, s. the 
act of contributing, a military exac- 
tion, a levy [den 
Contristate, kon-trYs'-tate, v. a. to sad- 
Contrite, kon'-trite, a. very sorrowful, 

truly penitent 
Contrition, kon-trfsh'-un, s. repentance 
Contrivance, kbn-tri'v-ens, s. scheme, 

Contrive, kbn-tri've, v. a. to plan, to 
invent — v. n. to plan, form, or de- 
Control, kbn-tro'lc, s. power, restraint, 
authority— v. a. to govern, to re- 
strain, to confute 
Controller, \bn-tro'le-e>, s. he who has 
power to control [lating to disputes 
Controversial, kbri trd-ver'-shal, a. re- 
Controversy, kbn'-tro-ver-sy, s. a dis- 
pute, quarrel, enmity 
Controvert, kbn'-trb-vert, v. a. to de- 
bate, dispute, quarrel [putable 
ControvertiDle,kbn-trO'-vert'-lb'l, a dis- 
G3 " 

CON [ 66 ] COO 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — m^t, desist, me, her— chfn, chine, field, shirt — 

Contumacious, kbn-ta-ma-shyus, a. ob- 
stinate, perverse, stubborn 

Contumacy, kon'-tu-ma-sy, s. obstinacy, 
stubbornness, inflexibility 

Contumelious, kbn-tu-me-lyus, a. re- 
proachful, abusive, rude 

Contumely, kbn-tu-me-iy, s. contemp- 
tuousness, rudeness 

Contuse, kbn-tu'ze, v. a. to beat toge- 
ther, to biuise [bruise 

Contusion, kbn-ttt'-zhun, s. a bruising, 

Convalescence, kbn-va-les'-ens, s. re- 
covery of health 

Convalescent, kbn-va-le's'-se'iit, a. re- 
covering from illness 

Convene, kon-ve'ne, v. n. to come to- 
gether, to assemble — v. a. to call to- 
gether [ness 

Convenience, kbn-ve-nyens, s. suitable- 
Convenient, kbu-ve'-nygnt, a. fit, suit- 
able, well adapted 

Convent, k5n'-vgnt,s.a religious house, 
a nunnery 

Conventicle, kbn-^n'-tfk'l, s.a meeting- 
house, a secret assembly 

Convention, kbn-ven'-shtin, *. an as- 
sembly, a contract 

Conventional, kon-ven-shtin-al, a. sti- 
pulated, done by contract 

Conventual, kbn-ven'-tu-al, a. belong- 
ing to a convent [one point 

Converge, kbn-ver'dzh, v. n. to tend to 

Conversable, kbn-ver'-seb'l, a. fit for 
conversation, sociable 

Conversant, kbn'-ver-sent, a. acquaint- 
ed with, skilled in 

Conversation, kbn-ver-sa-shtin, s. fami- 
liar discourse, chat 

Conversative, kbn-ver'-sa-tfv, a. relat- 
ing to public life 

Converse, kbn-ver's, v. n. to discourse 

Converse, kbh-vers, s. conversation, ac- 
quaintance,cohabitation — M.contrary 

Conversion, kon-ver'-shun, s. change 
from one state to another 

Convert, kbn-vgrt', v. a. to change, 
turn, appropriate — v . n. to undergo 
& cnange [his opinion or religion 

Convert, kbn'-vert, s. one who changes 

Convertible, kbn-ver-£ib'l,a.susceptible 
of change 

Convex, kbn'-ve'ks, a. rising like the 
outside of a globe— s. a convex or 
spherical body 

Convexity, kbn-vgks'-lty', s. sl circular 
form, rotundity [transfer 

Convey, kbn-va, v. a. to carry, send, 

Conveyance, kbn-va'-ens,s. act or means 
of conveying 

Conveyancer, kbn'-va-en-ser, s. person 
used to form deeds, leases, &c. 

Convict, kbn'-vfkt, s. one convicted 

Convict, kbn-vfk't,a. convicted,detect* 
ed in guilt — v. a. to prove guilty 

Conviction, kbn-vtk'-shun, 5. a detection 
of guilt, full proof [convince 

Convictive, kon-vlk'-tfv, a. tending to 

Convince, kbn-vfn's, v. a. to prove, to 
make a person sensible of a thing by 
full proofs [proving, &c. 

Convincing, kbn-vVn'-s'ing, part. a. 

Convivial, kbn-v¥v'-y&l, a. festive, so- 
cial, jovial [quibble 

Conundrum, kbn'-un'-drum,^ a low jest, 

Convocate, kbn'-vd-kate, v. a. to call 
together [clesiastical assembly 

Convocation, kbn-vd-ka shan, s. an tc- 

Convoke, kbn-voke, v. a. to call or 
summon together 

Convolve, kbn-vblv', v. a. to roll to- 
gether, to wind, to turn 

Convoluted, kbn-vd-lu'-tecl, parJ.twist- 
ed, rolled upon itself 

Convoy, kon'-vSy, s. an attendance for 
defence [for defence 

Convoy, kbn-vby, v. a. to accompany 

Conusance, kbn'-u-sens, s. cognisance, 
notice [lent motion 

Convulse, kbnvuTs, v. a. to give a vio- 

Convulsion, kbn-v'uL'-shun, s. an invo- 
luntary contraction of the fibres and 
muscles, &c. 

Cony, kon-y, s. a rabbit 

Coo, ko', v.n. to cry as a dove or pigeon 

Cook, k&k', s. one who dresses victuals 
— v.aXo prepare victuals for the table 

Cookery, k&k'-er-y, s. the art of dressing 

Cool, kd'le, a. somewhat cold, indif- 
ferent— v. a. to make cool, to quiet 
— v. n. to grow cool, to become 

Cooler, k&'l-er, s. any thing which al- 
lays heat,vessel to cool wort in brew- 
ing [tie cold 

Coolness, ko'le-nes,s. indifference, gen- 

Coom, k6'me, s. soot, dust, grease for 
wheels [bushels 

Coomb, k&'me,s. a corn measure offiour 

Coop, ko'pe, s. a wooden cage for 
poultry, a barrel— v. a. to shut up, 
to cage 

Coopee, kft-pe', s. a motion in dancing 

Cooper, k&p'-er, 5. one who makes caska 


[ ft ] 


shbt, note, Idse, actor — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Cooperage, k6''per-e'dzh, s. a cooper's 
workshop, price for his work 

Co-operate, ko-bp'-er-ate, v. n. to la- 
bour for the same end 

Co-operation, ko op er-a-shtin, s. con- 
curring to the same end 

Co-ordinate, ko-b'r-dt-ne't, a. holding 
the same rank 

Coot, ko'te, s. a small black waterfowl 

Cop, kbp', s. the head or top of any 

Copal, ko-pal, s. a gum so named 

Coparcenary, ko pa'r-se-nar-y, s. an 
equal share in a patrimonial in- 

Copartner, ko-pa'rt ner, s. a joint 

Cope, ko'pe, s. a priest's cloak, a con- 
cave arch — v. a. to contend with, op- 
pose— v. n. to contend, to strive 

Coping, ko'-ping, s. the covering of a 
wall [dant 

Copious, ko-pyus, a. plentiful, abun- 

Copped, kopt', a. rising to a top or 

. head ' 

Coppel, kbp'-pel, s. an instrument used 
in chymistry to purify gold and 
silver [boiler 

Copper, kbp'-per, s. a metal, a large 

Copperas, kbp -peras, s.vitriol vulgarly 
so called [per 

Coppery, kbp'-per-y 1 , a. containing cop- 

Copper-plate, kbp'-per-pla'tey?.the plate 
on which pictures are engraven, an 
impression from such a plate 

Coppersmith, kop'-per-smlth^. one that 
works in copper 

Coppice, kop'-pts, s. a wood of small 
low trees 

Copse, kops', s. short wood — v. a. to 
preserve underwoods 

Copulate, kbp'-u-late, v. a. to unite, 

Copulation, kbp-u-la-shun, s. an union 

Copulative, kop'-u-la-tfv, a. joining to 
or mixing together 

Copy, kbp'-y, 5. transcript or picture 
from the original, an imitation, an 
original, a pactern to write after — 
v. a. to transcribe, to write from or 
out of, to imitate 

Copy-book, kip' ¥-b6k, s. a book in 
which copies are written 

Copy hold, kbp'-y-hbwld,s. a tenure un- 
der the lord of a manor 

Copyholder, kbp-^-hbwrd-er, s. posses- 
sor of copyhold lands, &c. 

Copyist, kbp'-y'-'l'st, s. an imitator, one 

who copies or transcribes 
Copy-right, kbp'-yrite, *. the sole right 

to print a book 
Coquet, kb-k£t', v. a. to deceive in love, 

to jilt — v. n. to act the lover 
Coquetry, kb-ke't'-ry, s. deceit in love 

affectation [a vain woman 

Coquette, ko-ke't', s. a jilting airy girl, 
Coracle, kbr'-ak'l,s. a boat used iu Wales 

by fishermen 
Coral, kbr'-al, s. a child's ornament, 

testaceous habitation of a marine 

Coralline, kbV-al-line, a. consisting 

of coral [ries 

Corb, kb'rb, s.' a basket used in coale- 
Corban, kbr'-ban, s. an alms-basket, a 

gift, an alms 
Cord, kb'rd, s. a sinew, a rope, a mea- 
sure of wood — v. a. to bind with 

Cordage, kb'r-dfedzh, s. a parcel of cords 
Cordelier, kbr-de-li'r, s. a Franciscan 

Cordial, kb'rd-y&l, s. a cherishing com- 
forting draught — a. reviving, sincere, 

hearty [affection, esteem 

Cordiality, kbrd-yaT-t-ty, s. sincerity, 
Cordon, kor'd-bn, s. a row of s f one, a 

chain of forces [maker 

Cordwainer, kbrd-wa'n-er, s* a shoe- 
Cord-wood, kb'rd- wud, j. wood tied up 

for firing 
Core, ko're, s. the heart or inner part of 

a thing [or like leather 

Coriaceous,ko-rya'-shus,a. consisting of 
Coriander, ko-rt-an'-der, «. a plant, a 

hot seed [ly called currant 

Corinth, kdr'-frvtn, s. the fruit common- 
Corinthian, ko-rin'-thyan, a. the fourth 

order in architecture 
Cork, kb'rk, s. a sort of tree, its bark, a 

bottle stopple — v.a. to put corks into 

bottles [prey, a glutton 

Cormorant, kbr'-mo-rent, 5. a bird of 
Corn, kb'ru, s. a grain, a hard lump 

like horn in the flesh— v. a. to salt, 

to sprinkle with salt 
Cornchandler, korn tehand-ler, s. one 

that retails corn 
Cornel, kb'r-nel, s. a sort of tree bear- 
ing the cornelian cherry 
Corneous, kb'r-nyus, a. horny, like horn 
Corner, kb'r-ner, s. an angle, a secret 

or remote place, the extremity, tea 


COR [ 6ft ] COS 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, m£, her — chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Cornet, kb'r-n£t, s. a musical instru- 
ment, the officer that bears the stand- 

Cornice, kb'r-nYs, s. the highest projec- 
tion of a wall or column 

Cornigerous, kbr-n!dzh'-er«us, a. horn- 
ed, having horns [of plenty 

Cornucopia, ktf'r nu-kd"-pya, s. the horn 

Cornuied, kbr-nu'ted, a. grafted with 
horns, cuckolded 

Cornuto, kcr-nu-tb, s. a cuckold 

Corollary, kbr' ol-ar-y, s. an inference, 
deduction, surplus 

Coronal, kbY-6-nal, s. a chaplet, a gar- 
land— a. belonging to the top of the 
head [crown 

Coronary, kbr-o-nar-y", a. relating to a 

Coronation, kor-6-na'-shhn, s. the act or 
solemnity of crowning 

Coroner, kbr'-d-ner, s. a civil officer, 
who, with a jury, enquires into ca- 
sual or violent deaths 

Coronet, koV-o-n&t, s. a crown worn by 
the nobility 

Corporal, kb'r-po-ral, s. a kind of low 
officer — a. belonging to the body, 
material [body 

Corporate, kb'r-po-re't, a. united in a 

Corporation, kbr-po-ra'-shun, s. a body 

Corporeal, kb'r-po'-r^al, a. having a 
body, not immaterial 

Corps, ko're, (pi. ko'rz,)*s. a body of 
soldiers, a regiment 

Corpse, kb'rps,s a carcase, a dead body 

Corpulency, kbr'-pu len-sy, s. bulkiness 
of body 

Corpulent, kb'r-pu-lent, a. fleshy, bulky 

Corpuscle, ko'r-pttsk'l, s. a small body, 
an atom [scrape together 

Corrade, kbr-ra'df?, v. a. to rub off, to 

Correct, kbr-rekt', v. n. to punish, chas- 
tise, amend— a. finished with exact- 
ness [amendmen 

Correction, kbr-reV-shun,s.punishment, 

Corrective, kbr-reV-ttv, a. having the 
power of correcting — s. what has the 
power of correcting 

Correctness, kbr-rekt'-ne'SjS. accuracy 

Corregidor, kbr-re'dzh'-l-ddre, s. a chief 
magistrate in Spain 

Correlate, kbr'-re-lat, 5. one that stands 
in the opposite relation 

Correlative, kbr^reT-a-fiv, a. having a 
reciprocal relation 

Correction, kbr-rep'-shun, s. chiding, 
xebuke, reproof 

Correspond, kbr-re-spbnd', v. n. to suit, 
to answer, to fit, to keep up a reci- 
procal intelligence 

Correspondence, kbr-re-spbnd'-ens, s, 
exchange of letters, relation 

Correspondent, kbr-respbn'-d£nt, a. 
suitable, answerable — s. one with 
whom intelligence is kept up by 
letters [amended, punishable 

Corrigible, kbr'-rt-dzhtb , l,a. that may be 

Corroborant, kbr-rbb'-6-rent,a. strength- 
ening, confirming 

Corroborate, kbr-rbb'-6 rate, v. a. to 
confirm, to establish 

Corroboration, kcr-rbb-6-ra-shtin, s. the 
aci of strengthening [by degrees 

Corrode, kbr-rd'de, v. a. to eat away 

Corrosible, kbr-ro'-sml, a. that frhich 
may be consumed by a menstruum 

Corrosion, kbr-ro'-zhftn, s. the act of 
eating away^ 

Corrosive, kbr-rd'-sfv, a. able to cor- 
rode or eat away— s. what wastes 
any thing away 

Corrugate, kbr'-ru-gaie, v. a. to wrin- 
kle or purse up 

Corrupt, kbr-rbpt', v. a. to infect, to de- 
file, to bribe — v. n. to become pu- 
trid, vicious, tainted with wicked- 

Corruptible, kbr-rup-tlb'l, a. that which 
may be corrupted 

Corruption, kbr-r0p'-shtin,j.wickednes5, 
matter in a sore 

Corsair, ko'sare, s. a pirate 

Corse, kurse, 5. a dead body, a carcase 

Corselet, ko rs-let, s. a light armcurfor 
the fore part of the body 

Cortical, kb'r-tt-kal, a. barky, belong- 
ing to the rind [bling bark 

Corticated, kb'r-ti-ka-te'd, a. resem- 

Coruscant, ko-rus'-kent, a. glittering, 
flashing [vibration of light 

Coruscation, kbr-tis-ka'-shtin, s. a quick 

Cosmetic, kbz'-mfet'-tk, a. beautirying — 
s. a wash to improve the skin 

Cosmical, koz' mf.kal, a. relating to 
the world, rising or setting with the 

Cosmographer fkbz -mbg'-raf er, v. one 
who vrite«- a description of the 

Cosmography , kbz-mbg'-raf-y", s. the 
science of ' he general system of the 
world or of the universe 

Cosmology, kbz-mbr-6 dzhy,s.discourse 
concerning the world 


[ 69 ] 


shtft, note, 16se, act6r — hUt, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Cosmopolite, kcSz-mop'-o-lite, s. a citizen 
of the world [by the hand 

Cosset, kos'-se't, s. a lamb brought up 

Cost, ko'st, s. price, charge, ex pence, 
loss — v. n. to be bought for or to be 
had at a price 

Costal, kbs'-tal, a. relating to the ribs 

Costard, koV-tard, s. a head, an apple 
round and bulky like the head 

Costive, kbs'-tfv, a. bound in the body 

Costly, ko'st-iy, a. sumptuous, expen- 
sive, dear 

Cot, kot' r or Cottage, kot'-t&Izh, s. a 
hut, a mean habitation 

Cotemporary, ko-tem'-po-rar-y', a. liv- 
ing at the same time 

Cotilion, ko-tu'-y&n,*. a French dance 

Cottage, kSt'-teclzh, s. a small house 

Cottager, kot-tSdzh'-er, s. one who lives 
in a cottage 

Cotton, kbt'n, s. down of the cotton 
tree, cloth or stuff made of cotton 

Couch, kou'tsh, v. n. to lie down, to 
stoop or bend down — v. a. to lay 
down, to hide, to fix — s. a seat of re- 
pose, a layer 

Couchant, kbu'-shent, a. lying down, 

Cove, ko've, s. a small creek or bay, a 

Covenant, kov'-e-nent, 5. a bargain, a 
deed, an agreement— v. n. to bar- 
gain, to agree 

Covenous, kov'-e-nus, [a. fraudulent, 

Cover, k6v'-er, v. a. to overspread, 
v conceal,hide— ^.concealment, screen, 
pretence [thing that covers 

Covering, kov'-er-tng, t. dress, any 

Coverlet, koV-er-let, s< the outermost 
of the bedclothes 

Covert, koV-ert, *. a shelter, a thicket, 
a hiding-place— a. sheltered, secret 

Coverture, k6v-er-tftre, s. shelter, state 
of a married woman 

Covet, k6v-e't, v. a. to desire earnest- 
ly — v. n. to have a strong desire 

Covetous, k6v'-e-tus, a. avaricious, 

Covetousness, kov-e-tus-ngs, s. avarice 

Covey, k6v'-#, *. a hatch, an old bird 
with her young ones, a number of 
birds together 

Cough, k5'f,s. a convulsion of the lungs 

Covin, or Covine, ko-v'ln, s. a deceitful 
agreement, a collusion 

Coulter, kol-ter, s. a ploughshare 

Council, kou'n-sfl, s. an assembly met 
for consultation 

Counsel, kou'n-sel, s. advice, direction, 
a pleader — v. a. to give advice, to 

Counsellor, kbCfn-sel-16r, 5. one that 
gives advice 

Count, kou'nt, v. a. to number, to tell, 
to reckon — s. number, reckoning, a 
title of nobility, an earl 

Countenance, kba'n-te-nens, s. form of 
the face, look, patronage— v. a. to 
support, patronise 

Counter, kou'n-ter, s. base money, a 
shop table — ad. contrary to, in a 
wrong way- 
Counteract, koun-ter-ak't, v. a. to hin- 
der, to act contrary to, to act against 

Counterbalance, koun-ter-baT-ens, v. a. 
to make amends with an opposite 
interest [opposite weight 

Counterbalance, kbu'n-ter -Bal-Sns, s. an 

Counterchange, koun-ter-tshandzh, s. 
a mutual exchange 

Countercharm, koun-ter-tsha'rm, s. that 
which dissolves a charm 

Countercharm, kbun-ter t-ha'rm, v. a. 
to destroy an enchantment 

Countercheck, kdu'n-ter-tshek,s.a stop, 
a rebuke [opposite evidence 

Coumerevidence, ko&n-ter-eV-f-dens, s. 

Counterfeit, kou'n-ter- fit, v. a. to forge, 
to imitate [deceitful 

Counterfeit, kou'n-ter ftt, a. forged, 

Countermand, kiun-ter-m'a'nd, v. a. to 
contradict an order 

Countermarch, kou'n-ter-ma'rtsli, s. a 
march backward 

Countermine, kdun-te'r-mlnp, s. a well 
or hole made in the ground to seek 
out the enemy's mine 

Countermine, kbun-ter-rm'ne, v. a. to 
defeat secretly [a contrary motion 

Countermotion, koftn-ter mo-shtin, s. 

Counterpane, kcm'n-ter-pa'ne, s. the up- 
per covering of a bed 

Counterpart, kSu'n-ter-pa'rt, *. a cor- 
respondent part [tion in law 

Counterplea, koun-ter-pl&', s. a replica- 

Counterplead, k5un-ter-ple'de, v. a. to 
contradict, to deny 

Counterplot, k5u'n-ter-pl6t', v. a. to 
oppose one plot by another 

Counterplot, kbu'n-ter-pl5t, s. an arti- 
fice opposed to an artifice 

Counterpoint, k<5u'n-ter-p5fnt, s. a co- 
verlet woven in squares 

COU C 70 ] CRA 

Sounds— Mt, hate, hill, liar— m^t, desist, me, her— chtn, chine, field, shirt- 

Counterpoise, ktfun-ter-pbYz, t>. a. to 

counterbalance [weight cr power 

Counterpoise, kou'n-ter-pltt'z, s. equal 

Counterproject, kdun-te>-pr5dzh'-e'kt, s. 

an opp site scheme 
Couuterscarp, k5u'n-ter-skarp,s. a ditch 
next a camp [undersign, to confirm 
Countersign, k5un-ter-si'ne, v. a. to 
Countertenor,kbun-ter-teV-6r,s. a mild- 
die part in music [tide 
Countertide, ktiu'n-ter-tlde, s. contrary 
Countervail, k6un'-ter-vale,t;.<7. to' have 
equal force or value, to be equivalent 
to [weight or value 
Countervail, kbu'n ter-vale, s. equal 
Counterview, kbu'n-ter-vu, s. an oppo- 
sition, a contrast 
Counterwork, kou'n-ter work, v. a. to 

counteract, to endeavour to defeat 
Countes3, kftun-tes, s. the wife of a 

count or earl 
Coun ing-house, kS6'n-tfng-hbTis, s. a 

room where accounts are kept 
Countless, kou'iit-ISs, a. innumerable 
Country, k tin -try, s. a tract of land, a 
region, rural parts, the native place 
— a. rustic, rural, unpolite 
Countryman, kun'-tr^-man,s'. one of the 

same country, husbandman, rustic 
County, ko.unt?,s. a shire, an earldom 
Coupee, kd-pe, s. a motion in dancing 
Couple, ktip'l, s. a man and wife, a pair, 
a brace— v.a. to join together, marry 
Couplet, ktip'-let, 6. two verses, a pair 
Courage, kaV-e'dzh, s. bravery, active 
fortitude [daring, bold 

Courageous, kur-a'-dzhus, a. brave, 
Couraut, kti-ra'nt, 5. a sprightly dance, 
&c. [haste 

Courier, k6'-rye>, s. a messenger sent in 
Course, korse, s. a race, a career, a 
race-ground, a track in which a ship 
sails, order of succession, method of 
life, natural bent, number of dishes 
set at once upon the table— v. a. to 
hunt, to pursue, to force, to run— 
v. 7i. to run, to rove about 
Courser, ko'r-str, s. a swift horse, a 

Court, kortj.s. the residence of a prince, 
a hall where justice is administered, 
a small opening enclosed with houses, 
persons assembled for the adminis- 
tration of justice— i?. a. to make love 
to, to solicit 
Courtelage, kort-^-le'dzh, s. a yard or 
piece of ground belonging to a house 

Courteous, k&'r-tyus, a elegant.of man- 
ners, well-bred 
Courtesan or Courtezan, kor-te-zan', |. 

a prostitute 
Courtesy, kttr-te'-sy,s. elegance of man- 
ners, civility 
Courtesy, ktirt'-s^, s. the reverence 
made by women— v. n. to make a 
Courtezan, k6r'-te-z&n, see Courtezan 
Courtier, ko'rtyer, s. one that attends 

the courts of princes, a lover 
Courtleet, kort-le'te, s. lord of a ma- 
nor's court 
Courtlike, k&'rt-lfke, a.well-bred, polite 
Courtly, k6'rt-iy, a. relating or apper- 
taining to the court, elegant, soft, 
hatiering [a woman 

Courtship, ko'rt-ship, s. making love to 
Cousin, ku'z'n, s. any one collaterally 
related more remotely than a brother 
or sister [v. a. to depress 

Cow, k6V, s. the female of the bull- 
Coward, kbw'-ard, s. a poltroon 
Cowardice, kSw'-ard-ls, s. fear, want of 

Cowardly, kow-ard-ly", a. like a cow- 
ard — pusillanimous, tearful 
Cower, kow'r, v. n. to sink by bending 
the knees [cows 

Cow-heid, kow'-heVd, s. one who tends 
Cowl, k&w'l* 5. a monk's hood, a vessel 
for carrying water [rose 

Cowslip, kftw'-slYp, s. a piece of prim- 
Coxcomb, kftks'-kbme, s. a cock's top- 
ping, a beau, a- fop 
Coxcomical, kttks-kbm'-fk-^l, a. pert, 
foppish, conceited [the cockboat 

Coxswain, ktfks'-on, s. commander of 
Coy, koy', a. modest, decent, reserved 
Cozen, koz'n, v. a. to cheat, to trick, to 
defraud [cheat 

Cozenage, koz'n-fe'dzh, s. fraud, deceit, 
Crab, krab', s. a fish, a wild apple, a 
peevish person [difficult 

Crabbed, krab'-bgd, a. morose, peevish, 
Crack, krak', s. a sudden noise, a chink, 

a boaster — v. n. to break into chinks 
Crack-brained, krak'-brand, a. crazy 
Crackle, krak'l, v. n. to make slight 
cracks, &c. [cake 

Cracknel, krak'-nel, s. a hard brittle 
Cradle, kra'd'l, s. a bed for an infant, a 
case for a broken bone, a frame of 
timber for launching a ship 
Craft, kra'ft, 5. trade, cunning, small 


[ 71 ] 


shot, note, lose, actor — hat, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Craftiness, kraf'-ty-nfe's, s. cunning, 

stratagem [mechanic 

Craftsman, kr'a'fts-mau,s. an artificer, a 
Crafty, kra'f-ty, a. cunning, artful 
Crag, krag', s. a rough steep rock, the 

nape of the neck [rocks 

Craggy, kr&g'-gy\a. rugged, rough with 
Cram, kram', v. a. to stuff, to eat 

greedily — v. n. to eat beyond satiety 
Crambo, kram'-bo, s. a play in which 

one gives a word and another finds 

a rhyme [led beyond satiery 

Crammed, kram'-roe'd, part, stuffed, fii- 
Cramp, kra'mp, s. a contraction of the 

limbs, restriction, a bent piece of 

iron — a. difficult, hard, knotty—©, a. 

to restrain, to confine, to bind 
Crampiron, kramp'-i-ron, s. an iron to 

fasten together 
Cranch, or Craunch, kransh', v. a. to 

crash between the testh 
Crane, kra'ne, s. a bird, a machine, a 

crooked pipe 
Cranium, kra'-nyum, s. the skull 
Crank, krangk', s. end of an iron axis, 

a conceit— a. healthy, lusty, easy to 

be overset 
Crank le, krangk'l, v. n. to run in and 

out— v. a. to break into unequal 

Crannied, kran'-nyd, «. full of chinks 
Cranny, kran'-ny, s. a chink, a fissure, 

a crevice [ing 

Crape, krape, s. a thin stuff for mourn- 
Crash, krash', s. a loud mixed sound — 

v. n. to make a loud complicated 

noise — v. a. to break or bruise 
Crasis, kra'-sfs, 5. constitution, tempe- 

rament [coarseness 

Crassitude, kras'-sf-tude, s. grossness, 
Cratch, kratcb', s. a frame in which 

hay is put for cattle 
Crater, kra'ter, s. a cup, a bowl, the 

mouth of a volcano 
Cravat, kra-vat', s. a neckcloth 
Crave, krave, v. a. to ask earnestly, to 

long for [coward 

Craven, kra'v'n, s. a conquered cock, a 
Craw, kra , s. the crop or stomach of 

Crawfish, kra'.f tsh, s, the river lobster 
Crawl, kra'l, v. n. to creep, to move 

slowly or as a worm 
Crayon, kra-6n, s. a pencil, a roll of 

paste to draw lines with, a picture 
Craze, kra'ze, v. a. to break or crack 

the brain 

Crazy, kra-zy\ a. decrepit, feeble, 

broken witted 
Creak, kr&ke,v.n. to make a harsh noise 
Cream, kre'me, s. the oily part of milk 
Cream faced, krem f ait, a. pale, wan 
Crease, kre'se, s. a mark made by doub- 
ling any thing— t). a. to mark by fold- 
ing [duce, to cause 
Create, kre-a'te, v. a. to form, to pro- 
creation, kre-a'-shun, s. act of creating, 
the. universe [to create 
Creative, kre-a'-fiv, or. having the power 
Creator, kre-a'-t6r, s. the Being that 

bestows existence 
Creature, kre ture, s. a being created, 
a word of contempt or tenderness, f». 
dependant [reputation 

Credence kre'-dens, s. belief, credit, 
Oedpnda, kre-den' da,s. articles of faith 
Credential, kre-den'-shal, s. title to cre- 
dit [credit, probability 
Credibility, kr£d-t -bfl'-t ty, s. a claim to 
Credible, krSd'-lb'l, a. worthy of credit, 


Credit, krSd'-it, •?. belief, reputation, 

trust reposed — v. a. to believe, trust, 

confide in [estimable 

Creditable, kred'-tt-eb'l, a. reputable, 

Creditor, kr&T-xt-or, s. ono who trusts 

or gives credit ; [belief 

Credulity, kre-du'-h'-t^, *. easiness of 

Credulous, krexl'.u-lus,a. apt to believe, 

Creed, krede , s. a confession of faith 
Creek, kre ke, s. a small bay, a nook " 
Creep, krepe, v. n. to move slowly, to 
fawn, to bend [on the ground 

Creeping, krep'-lng, a. moving slowly 
Crenated, kre'-na-tSd, a. notched, jag- 
ged, rough 
Crenelle, kiS-nel, a. embattled 
Crepitate, kr^p'-t tate, v. n. to make a 

low crackling noise 
Crepuscule, kre-pus'-kul<r, s. twilight 
Crepusculous, kre-pus'-ku-lus, a. glim- 
mering, dim 
Crescent, kres'-sent,«. increasing, grow 

ing— f, an increasing moon 

Cress, krfes', s. a sort of water-herb r 

Cresset, kre's'-se't, *. a light on a beacon 

Crest, krgst', s. a plume of feathers, a 

tuft or ornament on the head, pride, 

spirit, fii e (plume or crest 

Crested, kreVtecl, a. adorned with a 

Cres-fallen, krgst fa'l'n, c. dejected, 

low, spiritless | chalky 

CreUceous,kre-ta'-»h6i,«L.haviK C chail^ 

CRI [ 72 ] CRO 

Sounds.— hit, hate, hall, liar— met, desist, me, he>— chfn, chine, Held, shirt- 

Crevice, krev'-tfs, s. a crack, a cleftl 
Crew, kru', s. a mean set of people, a 
ship's company [yarn, &c. 

Crewel, kru'-el, s. a ball of worsted 
Crewet, kru'-et, s. a phial for oil or 

Crib, krfb', s. a manger, a stall, a cot- 
tage—?;, a. to shut up, to steal pri- 
vately [game at cards 
Cribbage, kr'ib'-bgdzh, s. the name of a 
Cribble, krl'b'l, s. a sieve for clearing 
corn [stiffness in the neck 
Crick, kriV, s. the noise of a hinge, a 
Cricket, krik'-ket, s.a chirping insect, a 
sort of sport, a low stool [for sale 
Crier, kri'-er, «; one who cries goods 
Crime, kri'-me, offence, wickedness 
Criminal, krtm'-m-al, s. a person ac- 
cused, a felon — a. faulty, guilty 
Crimination, krim tn-a'-shun, s. an ac- 
cusation, a charge [ing to accuse 
Criminatory, krfm"-'in-a-t6r'-y, a. tend- 
Criminous, krtm'-fn-us, a. wicked, ini- 
quitous, guilty 
Crimp, krtmp', a. crisp, brittle — s. one 
who kidnaps or inveigles men to enlist 
Crimple, krtmp'l, v. a. to contract, to 
corrugate [colour 
Crimson, krim'-zon, *. a very deep red 
Crincum, krtngk-um, s. a cramp, a 

Cringe, krfndzh', s. servile civility, 
mean reverence— v. a. to contract, to 
flatter — v. n. to bow, to fawn 
Crinkle, krtngk'l, v. n. to run in wrin- 
kles, &c. — v. a. to mould into ine- 
qualities— rs. a wrinkle 
Crinose, krf.nose, a. hairy, rough 
Cripple, krip'l, s. a lame person— v. a. 

to lame 
Crisis, krf-sYs, s. a critical time or turn 
Crisp, krtsp',a. curled, indented, brittle 

— v. a. to curl, to twist, to indent 
Crispation, krts-pa-shun, s. the act of 

Crispy, krts'-py, a. curled 
Criterion, kri'-te-ry6n, s. a standard 

whereby any thing is judged of 
Critic, krtt'-tk, s. a person skilled in 
judging of literature, a censurer, a 
criticism [accurate 

Critical, krft'-Y-kal, a. nice, judicious, 
Criticise, krl't'-t-sfze, v. n. to judge, to 
Animadvert upon as faulty — v. a. to 
pass judgment upon 
Criticism, krft'-f-s?zm, t» animadver* 
sk>n, critical remark 

Critique, krtt'-tke, s. a criticism 
Croak, kro'ke, *. the cry of a frog or a 
raven [saffron 

Croceous, kro'-syus, a. yellow, like 
Crock, krok', s. an earthen pot or vessel 
Crockery, krok'-er-y 1 , s. earthen ware 
Crocodile, krok'-odl'l, *. an amphibious 
voracious animal in shape resembling 
a lizard 
Crocus, kro'-kus, s. an early flower 
Croft, krtt'ft, s. a small close near a 
house [anct 

Crony, kro'n?, s. an intimate acquaint- 
Crook, krdk', s. a crooked or bent stick 

— v. a. to bend, to pervert 
Crooked, kr6k'-ecl, a. bent, curved, per- 
Crop, krbp', s. the craw of a bird, the 
harvest produce— v. a. to lop, to cut 
short [of a bishop 

Crosier, kro'-zhyer, s. the pastoral staff 
Croslet, krtf s let, s. a small cross 
Cross, kro's, s. a straight body laid at 
right angles over another, raisfor 
tune, vexation — a. transverse, per- 
verse, peevish, fretful, contradictory 
— v. a. to lay one body athwart an 
other, to sign with the cross, to mark 
out or cancel, to pass over, to thwart 
or vex [v. a. to cheat 

Crossbite, krb's-bite, s. a deception — 
Cross-bow, krti's-bo, s. a weapon for 

Crossgrained, kro's-grand, a. having the 
fibres transverse, troublesome, ill- 
natured [tree 
Crotch, krotsh', s. a hook, the fork of a 
Crotchet, krotsh' et, s. a musical note 
equal to half a minim, a mark in 
printing formed thus [], a fancy, 
whim, conceit [stoop low, to fawn 
Crouch, krtfu'tsh, v. n. to cringe, to 
Crow, kro', s. a bird, an iron lever— 
v. n. to make a noise like a cock, to 
boast, to vapour 
Crowd, krow'd, s. a multitude, a mob — 
v. a. to press close together— v. n. to 
Crowing, kro'-Yng, s. a cock's voice in 
triumph or defiance — a. boasting, 
Crown, krow'n, s. a diadem, a garland, 
the top of the head, a silver coin — 
v. a. to invest with a crown, to 
adorn, to complete, to terminate 
Crown-glass, krSw'n-gla's, f. the fincet 
sort of window glas* 


[ 73 ] 


shot, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Cruciate, kru-shyate, v. a. to torture, 

to torment [pot 

Crucible, kru'-sfb'l, earthen melting 

Crucifix, kru-st-fiks, s. the figure of 

Christ upon the cross 
Crucifixion, krCi-si-fik'-sJilin, 5. the act 

of nailing to a cross 
Crucify, kru'-sl-fy, v. a. to nail or fas- 
ten to a cross [undigested 
Crude, kru'de, a. raw, harsh, unripe, 
Crudity, kru'-di-ty, s. indigestion 
Crudle, krud'l, v. a. to coagulate, to 
curdle [fierce 
Cruel, kr&'-el, a. inhuman, hardhearted, 
Cruelty, kru'-el-ty, s. inhumanity, bar- 
barity [or oil 
Cruet, kru-et,s. a small vial for vinegar 
Cruise, krii'se, s. a small cup, a voyage 
in search of plunder — v. n. to sail in 
search of an enemy 
Cruiser, kru'-zer, s. a ship that cruises 
Crum or Crumb, krum', s. the soft part 
of bread, a small piece or fragment of 
Crumble, krum'bi, v. a. to break into 

pieces — v. n, to fall into pieces 
Crumm}', krrim'-my, a. soft, full of 

Crumple, krump'l, v. a. to wrinkle 
Crumpling, k rump -h'ng, s. a smidl green 
codling [a saddle tight 

Crupper, kriip'-per, .?. a leather to keep 
Crural, kru-ral, a. belonging to the leg 
Crusade, krti-sadf, or Crusado, kru-sa'- 
do, s. an expedition against infidels, 
a Portuguese coin [pot 

Cruset, kru-se't', s. a goldsmith's melting 
Crush, krush', v. a. to squeeze, to sub- 
due, to bruise — s. a collision 
Crust, krtist', s. any shell or external 
coat, the case of a pye, outward part 
of bread [with joints 

Crustaceous, krtts-ta'-shus, a. shelly, 
Crusty, krus'-t}*, «• covered with a 
crust, morose, snappish [pies 

Crutch, krutsh', s. support used by crip- 
Cry, kry, v. n. to call, to proclaim, to 
exclaim, to weep — v. a. to proclaim 
— s. a shrieking, a weeping, &c. 
Cryptic, kryp'-nk, a. hidden, secret 
Cryptography, kryp-tbg'-ra-f^, s.the act 
of writing secret characters, cyphers 
Crystal, krys'-tal. s. a sort of transparent 
stone [transparent, clear 

Crystalline, kryV-tal-line, a. bright, 
Crystallize, kr^s'-tal-Hze, v. a. to con- 
geal or concrete into crystals 

Cub, ktib', s. the young of a beast, gc? 
nerally of a bear or fox — v. a. to 
bring forth [down 

Cubation, ku-ba'-sh'un, s. act of lyinj 
Cubatory, k'ii-ba-tor-y, a. recumbent 
Cubature, ku'-ba-ture, s. the solid con- 
tents of a body [body 
Cube, kfi'be, s. a square, a die, a solid 
Cubic, ku'-bfk, a. formed like a cube 
Cubit, ku'-Wt, s. a measure of tighteen 

Cucking-stool, kttk'-ing-sto'le, s. an en- 
gine for ducking scolds 
Cuckold, kuk'-hold, s. the husband of 
an adultress— v. a. to commit adul- 
tery [being a cuckold 
Cuckoldom, kuk'-ol-dom, s. state of 
Cuckow, kuk'-k6, s. a bird, a word of 
contempt [its fruit 
Cucumber, ku-kum-ber, s. a plant and 
Cucurbite, ku-kur-bit, s. a chymic*.! 


Cud, kud', 5. food reposited in the first 

stomach of an animal in order to be 

chewed again 

Cuddle, ktid'l, v. a, to lie close, to hug 

Cudgel, kudzh'-el, s a fighting stick — 

v. a. to beat with a stick 
Cue, ku', s. the end of any r thing, a hint 
Cuff, kuf, s. a blow, a box, part of a 
sleeve —v. n. to fight, to scuffle— 
v. a. to strike with the fist 
Cuirass, ki'-ras, s. a breastplate 
Cuirassier, ki'-ras-sir, s. a soldier in ar- 
mour [kitchen 
Culinary, ku'-ltnar-y', a. relating to the 
Cull, km", v. a. to select from others 
Cullender, kul'-'in-der, s. kitchen sieve, 

a strainer 
Cully, ktil'-iy, s. a man deceived 
Culm, kulm', s. small coal 
Culminate, kul' mm-ate, v. n. to be in 
the meridian [able 

Culpable, ktil'-peb'l, a. criminal, blame- 
Culprit, ktil'-prvt, s. a man arraigned 
before a judge [nure, improve 

Cultivate, kul'-tt-vate, v- a. to till, ma- 
Cultivation, knl-ti-va-shun, s. the act 

of improving soils, &c. 
Culture, kur-ture, s. the act of cultiva- 
tion — v. a. to cultivate, to till 
Culver, ktil'-ver, s. a pigeon 
Culverin, ktil'-vtr-tn, s. a species of ord- 
Cumber, kam'-ber, v. a. to embarrass. 
to entangle 


[ 74 ] 


Sounds.— -hat, hate, hall, liar— met, desist, m^, her— cMn, chine, field, shirt- 

Cumbersome, kum'-be>-som, a. burden- 
some, troublesome, unmanageable 
Cumbrous, kitm'-brus, s. burthensome, 
troublesome [together 

Cumulate, ku-mu late, v. a. to heap 
Cuneated, ku'-nya-ted, a. formed like a 

Cunning, ktm-ntng, a. skilful, subtle, 

crafty — s. artifice, slyness 
Cup, ktip, s. adrinking vessel, part of a 
flower— v. a. t to draw blood by ap- 
plying cupping-glasses 
Cupbearer, ktip'-ba-rer, s, an officer of 
the houshold [victuals 

Cupboard, kup'-bord, s. a repository for 
Cupel, ku'-pel, s. a refining vessel 
Cupidity, ku pW-1-ty, s. unlawful desire 
Cupola, ku'-pc-la, s. a dome, an arched 
roof [scarification 

Cupping, ktip'-Yng, s. drawing blood by 
Cur, kur, s. a dog, a snappish person 
Curacy, ku-rd s^, s. office of a curate 
Curate, ku'-re't, s. a clergyman who offi- 
ciates for another, a parish priest 
Curb, kurb', s. a part of a bridle, restraint 
— v.- a. to restrain, to check, to bridle- 
Curd, ktird', s. the coagulation of milk 

— v. a. to turn to curds 
Curdle, kurd'l. v. n. to turn into curds 
Cure, ku're, s. a remedy, act of healing, 
employment of a clergyman — v. a. to 
heal, to restore to health, to salt 
Curfew, ktir'-fu, s. the eight o'clock bell, 
a fire plate [ness, rarity 

Curiosity, ku«ryos'-i-ty\ s. inquisitive- 
Curious, ku'-ryus, s. inquisitive, rare, 

Curl, kurl', s. a ringlet of hair, a gentle 
ruffling wave— v. a. to turn into 
ringlets, to twist — v. n. to twist itself 
Curlew, kur'-lu, s. a kind of water-fowl 
Curmudgeon, kur-mud'-zhon, 5. an ava- 
ricious fellow, a churl, a miser, a nig- 
gard [and its fruit 
Currant, kuY-rant, 5. the name of a tree 
Currency, kuY-rfen sy\ s, circulation of 

cash or paper, general esteem 
Current, ktir'-rent. a. circulatory, gene- 
ral, popular — s. a running stream 
Curricle, kur'-rtk'l,*. a two wheel chaise 

drawn by two horses 
Cur. ier, kur'-ryer, s. a dresser of leather 
Currish, kuYrish, a. like a cur, quarrel- 
r some [beat 

Curry, kur'-r^,»t>. a. to dress leather, to 
Currycomb, ktir'-ry-kome, s» an iron 
comb foi horses 

Curse, ktir's, s. a bad wish, torment* 
vexation — v. a. to wish evil to, to af 
fiict [detestable 

Cursed, kttr'-sed, part, under a curse, 
Cursitor, ktir-sl'-tor, s. a clefk in chan- 
cery [less 
Cursory, kur'-stfr-y', a. hasty, quick, care- 
Curtail, kur-tale, v. a. to cut off, to 


Curtain, kiir'-tin, s. furniture of a [bed 
or window, fortification ~v. a. to en- 
close with curtains 
Curtation, kur-ta'-shtin, s. a term in as- 
tronomy, the distance of a star from 
the ecliptic [bend 

Curvature, kur'-v&-ture, s. crookedness, 
Curve, kttrv', a. crooked, bent— s. any 

thing bent — v. a. to bend, to crook 
Curvet, kur-veV, v. a. to leap, bound, 

prance — s. a leap, a frolic, a prank 

Curvilinear, kur-Vi-lin-yar, a. having 

crooked lines [or soft seat 

Cushion, kush'-un, s. a kind of pillow 

Cusp, klisp, s. the horn of the moon or 

other luminary, a point [point 

Cuspated, kus'-pa-t£d, a. ending in a 

Custard, kus'-tard, s. a sweet food made 

by boiling eggs with milk and sugar 

Custody, kus'-tod-y, s. imprisonment 

care, security 
Custom, kuV-tom, s. habit, fashion, 
usage, duty or tax on imports or ex- 
ports [common 
Customary, kus'-tom-Ur-y", a. habitual, 
Customer, kus'-tom-er, s. one who buys 
Customhouse, kus'-tom-hous, s. a house 
where duties on imports or exports 
are collected 
Cut, kut', v. a. to divide, hew, carve — 
.$. a cleft or wound made with an 
edged tool, a printed picture, fashion, 
form, shape [the skin 
Cutaneous, ku-ta-nyus, a. relating to 
Cuticle, ku'-tik'l, s. the outermost skin, 
the scarf skin [the skin 
Cuticular, ku-tik'-u-lar, a. belonging to 
Cutlass, kut'-la's, s. a broad cutting 
. sword, [knives, &c. 
Cutler, kut'-l^r, s. one who makes 
Cutter, ktit'-ter, s. one who cuts, a swift 
sailing vessel [an assassin 
Cut-throat, ktit'-throte, s. a murderer, 
Cutting, ktit'-ting, s. a piece cut off, & 

Cuttle, ktit'l, s. a fish, a foul-mouthed 

Cycle, sy'k'l, s. a circle, a round of time 


r 75 ] 


sh&t, note, l&se, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye —thus, thick. 

Cycloid, sy'-kl5id, *. a figure of the cir 
cular kind 

Cyclopaedia, sy-klo-pe'-dyK, s. a circle of 
knowledge, a course of the sciences 

Cygnet, syg'-net, s. a young swan 

Cylinder, sVl'-in-de'r, s. a long round 
body, a roller, &c. 

Cylindric,sy-lin'-drik, a. like a cylinder 

Cymbal, sym'-bal, s. a musical instru- 

Cynic, sy'n'-'ik, a. churlish, snarling, 
satirical— s. a follower of Diogenes, a 

Cynosure, sy-no-sure, s. the north polar 

Cyon, sy'-6n, s. a young shoot of a tree 
Cypress, sy-pres, s. a tree, an emblem 

of mourning 
Cyprus, sy'-prus, s. a thin silk gauze, a 

Cyst, s#st', s. a bag containing morbid 

Czar, zK'r, s. the title of the emperor of 

Czarina, za-rl'-na, s. the title of the em* 

press of Russia 


DAB, dab, v. a. to strike gently— s. 
a small lump, a gentle blow, an 
artist, a flat fish 
Dabble, d&b'l, v. a. to daub, to wet- 
in play in water or mud, to tam- 
Dacapo. da'-ka-po, ad. over again 
Dace, dis£», s. a small fish resembling a 

Dactylc, dak'-tyl, s. a poetical foot of 

one long syllable and two short 
Dad, dad', ordad'-dy, s.children's names 

of father 
Daemon, de'-m6n, s. an evil spirit 
Daemoniac, de-mo'-ny&k, s. one posses- 
sed with a devil 
Daffodil, d*f'-fd-dYl, or Daffodilly, daf- 

ro-dtl'-ly\ s. a kind of lilly 
Daft, da ft, v. a. to toss aside 
Dagger, dag'-ger, s. a short sword, a 
poniard [mire or water 

Daggle, dag'l, v. a. to dip negligently in 
Daggletail, dag'1-tale, a. bemired — s. a 

Daily, da-ly*, a. happening every day 
Dainty, da'n-t^, a. delicate, nice— s. a 

Dairy, da'-r^, s. a milk farm or house 
Dairymaid, da'-r^-made, 5. the woman 

servant who attends the dairy 
Daisy, da'-zty, s. a common spring flower 
Dale, dale,,?, a vale, a valley 
Dalliance,dal'-lySns, s. fondness, caresses 
Dally, daT-iy, v. n. to trifle, to fondle- 
to put off, to delay 
Dam, dam', s. the mother of brutes, a 
mole or bank — v. a. to confine, to 
shut up by moles or dams 

jDamage, dam'-e'dzh, s. mischief, loss 

hurt —v. a. to injure, to impair 
Damask, dam'-ask, s. linen or silk woven 

in flowers — v. a. to weave in flowers 
Darne, dame, s. an old title of honour 

for women, a mistress of a family, 

women in general 
Damn, dam , v. a. to doom to torments 

in a future state, to curse, to condemn 
Damnable, dam'-neb'l, a. deserving 

damnation, odious, detestable 
Damnation, dam-na'-shun, s. condemua«= 

tion to eternal punishment 
Damned,dam'd,£>ar£. cursed, detestable 
Damnify, dam'-nf-fy, v. a. to injure, to 

hurt, to impair 
Damp, damp', a. moist, dejected — s~ 

fog, moisture, dejection — v. a. to wet, 

to moisten, to depress 
Damsel, dam'-zel, s. a young maiden, a 

country lass 
Damson, dam'z'n, s. a small black plum 
Dance, da'ns, v. n. to move in measure 

— v. a. to make to dance — s. motion 

of one or more in concert 
Dancing, dans'-tng, s. act or art of mov- 
ing to music [ a plant 
Dandelion, dSr-de-li'-6n, s. the name of 
Dandle, dSnd'l, v. a. to fondle, to play 
Dandriff, dan'-drff, s. scurf, &c. on the 

head [Danes 

Danegelt, dane-gglt', s. tax paid to th 
Danewort, danewort, s. a species of 

elder [v. a. to endanger 

Danger, da'n-dzher, s. risk, hazard — 
Dangerous, dan-dzher-us, a. unsafe 

hazardous, perilous 


[ 75 ] 


Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar, — m&t, desist, m6, her, — chm, chine, field, shirt- 

Dandle, dang-g'l, v. n. to hang loose, to 

Dank, dank', a. damp, moist 
Dapper, dap'-per, a. little and active, 

neat, tight 
Dapple, dap'l, a. of various colours, 

streaked — v. a. to streak, vary 
Dare, da're, v. a. to challenge, to defy 
Daring, da-ring a. bold, fearless 
Dark, da'rk, a. without light, obscure, 

blind— s. darkness, obscurity 
Darken, dark'n, v. a. to make dark, to 
cloud, to perplex v. n. to grow dark 
Darkish, dark'-ish, a. inclining to dark- 
ness [of light 
Darkness, dark'-ne's, s.obscurity,absence 
Darksome, da'rk -som, a. gloomy, ob- 
scure [a favourite 
Darling, da'r-iYng, a. dear, beloved — s. 
Darn, da'rn, v. a. to mend holes 
Darnel, da'r-nel, s. a sort of weed 
Dart, da'rt, s, a weapon thrown by the 

Dash, dash', v. a. to throw suddenly 
against, to bespatter, to sketch in 
haste, to blot out, to make ashamed 
— s. a blow, a mark as — 
Dastard, das'-tard, s. a coward, a pol- 
troon [date, to terrify 
Dastardise, da's-tar-dize, v. a. to intimi- 
Dastardly, das'-tard-iy, ad. cowardly, 

Date, da'te, s. the precise time at which 
a letter is written or any thing done, 
the fruit of the Palm tree— r. a. to 
note the precise time [in Latin 

Dative, da'-t'fv, a. third of the six cases 
Daub, dab, v. a. to smear, to paint 
coarsely , to flatter [a woman 

Daughter, da'-ter, s. a female offspring, 
Daunt, dant, v. a. to discourage, to in- 
Daw, da, s. a sort of bird 
Dawn, dan, v. n, to grow light, to glim- 
mer, to open — s. the break of day, 
Day, da, s. the time from the rising to 
the setting of the sun, light, sunshine 
Daybook, da'-b&k, s. a tradesman's 
journal [pearance of light 

Daybreak, da'-breke, s. dawn,* first ap- 
Daylight, da-lite, s. the light of the day 
Daystar, da'-sta'r, s. the morning star 
Da^zel, daz'l, v. a. to overpower with 
light— v. n. to be overpowered with 
light [the clergy 

Deacon, de'k'n/ s. one of the lowest of 

Dead, ded, a. deprived of life, dull, 
spiritless [vapid or spiritless 

Deaden, ded'n, v. a. to weaken, to make 
Deadly, de'd'-ly, a. mortal, destructive 
Deaf, deT, a. wanting the sense of hear- 
Deafen, def 'n, v. a. to make deaf 
Deafness, dl'f '-nes, s.dullness of hearing 
Deaforest, de-af-f5'-rest, v. 71. to break 

up a forest 

Deal, delc,.s.a quantity, fir wood — v. a. 

to distribute, to give each his due — 

v. n. to traffic, to" trade [bleaching 

Dealbaticn, de-a! ba'-shun, s. the act of 

Dealer, de'-ler, s. one who traffics 

Dealing, de'-iing,s.practice,intercourse, 

traffic [a diocese 

Dean, d£'ne, s. the second dignitary of 

Deanery, dS'n-er-^, s. the office or house 

of a dean 
Dear, dere, a. beloved, costly 
Dearness, dere-ne's, s. scarcity, high 
price [ nea j 

Dearth, dertfr', s. scarcity, want, barren- 
Dearticulate, de-ar-tik'-u-Iate, v. a. to 
disjoint, to dismember [mortality 
Death, de'th', s. the extinction of life, 
Deathlike, deth'-like, a. resembling 

death, still 
Death-watch, detfr-watsh, s. a small in- 
sect that makes a tinkling noise, su- 
perstiiiously imagined to prognosti- 
cate death - [gilding 
Deauration, de-a-ra'-shiin, ,<?. the act of 
Debar, de b&'r, v. a. to exclude, to pre- 
Debark, de bark, v. a. to disembark 
Debase, de-ba'sc, v. a. to lessen, to adul 

terate, to deerade 

Debate, debate, s. a controversy, a 

contest, a quarrel — v. a. to dispute, 

to contest — v. n. to deliberate, to 

argue [vitiate, to ruin 

Debauch, de-ba'tsh, v. a. to corrupt, to 

Debauchee, dSb-a-she', s. a rake, a 

drunkard [intemperance 

Debauchery, de-ba'tsh-er-^, s. lewdness, 

Debel, de-heT, or Debellate, de-beT- 

late, v. a. to conquer in war 
Debenture, debgn'-ture, s. a writ or 

note by which a debt is claimed 
Debile, dgb'-'il, a. weak, feeble, languid 
Debilitate, de-bil'-'i'-tate, v. a. to weaken 
Debility, de-bll'-f-t^, s. weakness, fee- 
Debonair, de'b-6-na're, a. elegant, civil, 
well bred, obsoL 


[ 77 ] 


sh&t, note, 16se, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly\ rye— thus, thick. 

Debt, dg't, s. that which one man owes 
to another [ney, &c. 

Debtor, dt-'t'or, s. one that owes mo- 
Decade, de'-kad, s. the sum or number 
of ten [equal sides 

Decagon, deV-a-gon, s. a figure of ten 
Decalogue, deY-ii-log, s. the ten com- 
mandments [camp, to move off 
Decamp, de-k£mp', v. a. to shift the 
Decant, de-kant',iy. a. to pour off gently 
Decanter, ke-kan-ter, s. a glass vessel 

for liquor 

Decapitate,de-kap'-i-tate, v. a. to behead 

Decay, de-ka, v. n. to decline, to rot — 

v. a. to impair, to bring to decay— s. 

a decline, a falling away 

Decease, de-s^'sf, s. death, departure 

from life— v. n. to die 
Deceit, de-se'te, s. fraud, cheat, artifice 
Deceive, de-se've, v. a. to mislead, to 
delude [of the year 

December, de-s&m'-ber, s. the last month 
Decemvirate,de-sem-vir-fct, s. a govern- 
ment by ten rulers 
Decency, de-sen-sy" s. modesty, pro- 
priety of behaviour [years 
Decennial, de-sen'-nyal, a. space of ten 
Decent, de-sent, a. becoming, suitable, 

Deceptible, de-sep'-tfb'l, a. liable to be 
deceived [fraud, a beguiling 

Deception, de-seV-shcin, s. a cheat, a 
Deceptive, de sep'ti'v,a. able to deceive 
Decession, de-seV-sy<5n, s. a departure, 
going away [settle 

Decide, de-si'de, v. a. to determine, to 
Deciduous, de-s'id'-u-us. a. falling off, 

not perennial 
Decimal, des'-i-m2l,a. numbered by tens 
Derimation, de's-'i-ma'-shun, s. a selec- 
tion of every tenth [ravel, unfold 
Decipher, de-si'-fer, v. a. to explain, un- 
Decision, de-steh'-6n, s. the termination 

of a difference 
Decisive, de-si' -s^v, *. conclusive 
Deck, dek', i'. a. to dress, to adorn, to 
cover — s. the floor of a ship, a pile of 
cards [to inveigh 

Declaim, de-kla'me, v.n. to harangue, 
Declamation, d£k-la-ma-shtin, s. an ha- 
rangue [ing to the passions 
Declamatory jde-klam'-a-tor-y,^. appeal- 
Declaration, dgk-la-ra'-shun, s. a publi- 
cation, an affirmation 
Declarative, de-klar a-ti'v, a. explana- 
tory, proclaiming [tive, expressive 
Declaratory, de-klar'-a-t6r-y, a. affrrma- 

Declare, de-klare, v. a. to make known, 
to proclaim [descent, inflexion 

Declension, de-klen' shiin,s. declination, 
Declination, dek-lf-na'-shun, s. descent, 
distance from [meut in dialling 

Declinator, de-kll-na'-tor, s. an hiitru- 
Decline, de-klin^, v n. to lean, to de- 
viate, to refuse, to decay— v. a. to 
bend downward, to refuse, to modify 
by various terminations — s. a decay 
Declivity, de-kliv'-V-ty,,. gradual descent 
Decoct, de kok't, v. a. to boil, to diqest 
Decoction, de-kok'-shtih, s. a preparation 
by boiling [of beheading 

Decollation, de-kol-la"-shun, s. the act 
Decompose, de-kom-po'ze, v. a. lo re- 
solve into its component parts 
Decomposition, de'-kom-po-zts!/ un, s. 
a chymical resolution of a compound 
into its component parts 
Decompound, de'-kom-pou"nd. v. a. to 
separate compounds [embellish 

Decorate, deV-6 rate, v. d. to adorn, to 
Decoration, dek'-o-ra'-shun, s. an orna- 
ment, added beauty [cecoming 
Decorous, dek'-6-rus, a. decent, suitable, 
Decorum, de-ko'-rtim, a-, decency, seem- 

Decoy, de-koy", v. a. to allure, to en- 
snare — s. a place to catch wild fowls 
Decoyduck, de-koy'-duk, s. a cluck that 

lures others 

Decrease, de-kre'se, v. n. to grow less 

— v. a. to diminish — 5. diminution, 


Decree, d£-kre', v. n- to make an edict 

— v. a. to doom by a decree — s. an 

edict, law, determination 

Decre-nent, deY-re-ment, s. decrease, 

state of growing less [by age 

Deorepitjde-kre'p'-it, a.wasted and worn 

Decrepitation, de-krep-'i-ta'-shun, 5. a 

cracking noise [stage of old age 

Decrepitude, de-krep'-t tude, s. the last 

Decrescent,de kres' sent,<7.growing less 

Decretal, de-kre'-tal, a. appertaining to 

a decree — s. a book of decrees or 

edicts [critical 

Decretory ,dt-kre-tor y^a. judicial, final, 

Decry, de-kry', v. 11. to censure, blame 

Decumbence, de-ktim'-bens, s. the act 

of lying down 
Decuple, dek'-up'l, a. tenfold [of ten 
Decurion, de-ku ryon, s. a commander 
Decursion, de-kur'-shtin, s. the act oi 

running down 

DEF [ 78 j DEG 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chm, chine, field, shirt- 

Decussate, de-kus'-sate, v. a. to inter- 1 

sect at acute angles [grace ! 

Dedecorate, de-deV-6-rate, v. a. to dis- ' 

Dedicate, d&d'-l-kate, v. a. to devote or I 

inscribe to 
Dedication, de'd-Y-ka-shun, s. consecra- ! 
tion, address to a patron [from j 

Deduce, de-du'se, v. a. to gather or infer j 
Deducible, de-du'-sWl, a. that which 
may be inferred [take away 

Deduct, de-diik't, v. a. to subtract, to 
Deduction, de-duk'-shun, s. an abate- 
ment, an inference 
Deductive, de-duk'-tiv, a. deducible 
Deed, de'de, s. an action, an exploit, a 
fact [elude, to think 

Deem, de'me, v.n. to judge, to con- 
Deep, de'pe, a. far to the bottom, saga- 
cious— s. the sea, the most still part 
Deepen, dep'^en, v. a. to make deeper 
Deer, de're, s. a forest animal hunted 
for venison [to disfigure 

Deface, de-fa's? , v. a. to destroy, to raze, 
Defalcate, dc-faT-kate, v. a. to cut or 
lop off [tion 

Defalcation, de-fal-ka'-shun, s. diminu- 
Defamation, dgf-am-a'-shun, s. the act of 
defaming, slander [ous 

Defamatory, de fam'-a-tor-y', a. slander- 
Defame, de-fame, v. a. to censure 
falsely [defect 

Default, de-falt, s. an omission, failure, 
Defeasance, de-fe-zens, s. act of annul- 
ling [may be annulled 
Defeasible, de-fe'zm'l, a. that which 
Defeat, dg-fe t, s. an overthrow, a de- 
privation—!;, a. to overthrow, to frus- 
trate [cleanse 
Defecate, def '-e-kate, v. a. to purify, to 
Defecation, deT-e-ka'-shun, s. purifica- 
Defect, de-f&k't, s. a fault, a blemish 
Defectible, de-fek'-fib'l, a. imperfect, 
deficient [tacy, revolt 
Defection, de-fgk'-shun, a. failure, apos- 
Defective, de-fgk'-tiv, a. full of defects, 
imperfect [ling 
Defeisance, de-fe-zens, s. act of annul- 
Defence, de-fen's, s. a guard, vindica- 
tion, resistance [dicate, forbid 
Defend, de-fend', v. a. to protect, vin- 
Defendant, de-fgn'- dent, s. 'the person 

Defender, de fen'-der, s. one. who de- 
fends another, a champion 
Defensible, de-fen'-snVl, a. that may be 
defended, justifiable 

Defensive, de-fgn '-sYv, a. proper for de- 
fence— s. safeguard, state of defence 

Defer, defer', v. n. to put off, to delay 
— v. a. to leave to another's judgment 

Deference, def'-er-ens, 8. respect, sub- 
mission [ries or conveys 

Deferent. deT '-er-ent, s. that which car- 
Defiance, de-ff-ens, s. a challenge, ex- 
pression of contempt 

Deficient, de-f Ysh'-gnt, a. failing, want- 
ing, defective 

Defile, de-file, v. a. to make foul, pol- 
lute, vitiate — s. a narrow passage 

Defilement, de-f ile-ment, s. pollution, 

Define, de f I'ne, v. a. to explain, cir- 
cumscribe — v. n. to determine 

Definite, dgf-1n-1t, a. certain, limited, 
precise— s. a thins explained 

Definition, def Yn-feh'-un, s. a descrip- 
tion of any thing by its properties 

Definitive, de-f tn'-tt Iv, a. determinate, 
express, positive 

Deflagration, de-fla-gra-shtin, s. the act 
of consuming by fire 

Deflect, de-flek't, v.n. to turn aside 

Deflection, de-llek'-shtin, s. deviation, 
act of turning aside 

Derlexure, de flek'-shure, s. a bending 
down, a deflection 

Defloration, de lio-ra -shun, s. the act of 
deflouring, selection of what is best 

Deflour, de-flour, v. a. to ravish, to 
take away the beauty of a thing 

Defiuous, dSf '-flii-us, a. that Mows down 
or falls off [humours downwards 

Dcfiuxion, de-fluk'-sh'dn, s. the flow of 

Deforcement, de-for'se-mgnt, s. a with- 
holding property by force 

Deform, de-form, v. a. to disfigure, to 
dishonour [crooked 

Deformed, de-foYm'-e'd, part, disfigured, 

Deformity, de-fb'r-nrt-ty', s. ugliness, 

Defraud, de-frad, v. a. to rob by a trick 

Defray, de-fra, v. a. to bear charges or 

Deft, deft, a. neat, proper, dexterous 

Defunct, de-fungk't, a. dead, extinct— 
5. a dead person 

Defy, de-f y' v. a. to challenge, to slight 

Degeneracy, de-ggn'-er-a sy\ s. inferioi 
to ancestors, apostacy 

Degenerate, de dzhen'- er-ate, r, n. U 
decay in virtue or kind 

Degenerate, de'-dzhgn-er-gt, a. unlike 
his ancestors, unworthy, base 


[ 79 ] 

shbt, note, 16se, act6r — htit, push, mute, fur — truly\ rye — thus, thick. 

Degenerous, de-zhgn'-er-us, a. degene- 
rated, vile, base [swallowing 
Deglutition, deglu-tish'Tm, s. the act of 
Degradation, de-gra-da-shun, s. depri 
vation of office or dignity, degeneracy 
Degrade, de-grade, v. a. to place lower, 

to lessen 
Degree, de-gr'e\ s. quality, station, 
class, the 360th part of a circle, 60 
geographical miles 
Dehort, de-htt'rt, v. a. to dissuade 
Dehortation, de-hor-ta'-shtin, s. dis-ua- 
sion [afflict, grieve 

Deject, de-dzheVt, v. a. to cast down, 
Dejection, de-dzhgk'-shtm, s. melancho- 
ly, weakness 
Dejecture, de-dzhek'-turp, s. excrement 
Deification, de-f-fi'-ka'-shun, s. the act 
of making a god [to adore 

Deify, de'-'f-f f, v. a. to make a god of, 
Deign, dane, v. n. to vouchsafe, to 

think worthy — v. a. to grant 
Deism, de^zm,s. the opinion of those 
who acknowledge one God, but deny 
revealed religion 
Deist, de-Yst,s. aproftssor of deism 
Deistical, -de-ls'-ti-kal, a. belonging to 

Deity, de.'-f-ty, s. Divine Being, God 
Delapsed, de-lap'st, a. bearing or falling 

Delate, de-la'te, v. a. to carry, convey 
Delation, de-la'-shtin, s. a conveyance, 

an accusation 
Delay, de-la, v. a. to defer, to frustrate 
— v. n. to stop— s. procrastination, 
stay, stop [lightful 

Delectable, de-leV-teb'l, a. pleasing, de- 
Delectation, de-lgk-ta'-shun, s. pleasure, 
delight [to intrust 

Delegate, deT-e-gate, v. a. to send away, 
Delegate. deT-e-g&t, s. a deputy, a com- 
missioner [tive, deadly 
Deleterious, de'1-e-te-ryus, a. destruc- 
Deletion, de-lt'-shnn, s. the act of blot- 
ting out, destruction [earthen ware 
Delf, or Delfe, d£lf "', s.a mine, aquarry, 
Deliberate, de-h'b'er-ate, v. n. to think, 
to hesitate, to muse [wary, slow 
Deliberate, de-ttb'-er-e't, a. circumspect, 
Deliberation, de-ltb-er-a-shun,s.circum- 

spection, thought 
Delicacy, del'-t-ka-s^, s. daintiness, 
nicety, politeness [lite 

Delicate, deT-Y-ktt. a. nice, dainty, po- 
Delicious, de-ltsh'-us, a. sweet, grate- 
ful, pfoasant 

Delegation, del-'i'-ga'-shun, s. the act of 
binding up 

Delight, de-li'te, s. joy, satisfaction, 
pleasure — v. a. to please, to satisfy— 
v. n. to have delight or pleasure 

Delineate, de-lfn'-yate, v. a. to design, 
sketch, paint 

Delineation, de-lfn-ya'-shtin, s. outlines 
of a picture, a sketch 

Delinquency, del'-ui kwe'n-sy', s. a fault, 
failure in duty [fender 

Delinquent, de-llng'-kwent, 5. an of- 

Delirious, de-lir-yus, a. light-headed, 
raving, doting [mind, dotage 

Delirium, de-lir'-ytim, s. alienation of 

Deliver, de-Kv'-er, v. a. to give up, to 
release, to rescue [childbirth 

Delivery, de-ttv'-er-y^s.a release, rescue, 

Dell, del', 5. a pit, a valley 

Delude, de-lu'de, v. a. to cheat, to de- 
ceive, to debauch 

Delve, delv', s. a ditch, a pitfal, a den 
v. a. to dig, to fathom, to sift 

Deluge, del'-udzh, s. a general inunda- 
tion — v. a. to drown, to overwhelm 

Delusion, de lu'-zhun, s. a cheat, a de- 
ception [sor-V, a- apt to deceive 

Delusive, de-lu-s'iv, or Delusory, de-lu- 

Demagogue, dSm'-a-gbg, s. the ring- 
leader of a faction 

Demand, de-ma'nd, s. a claim, a ques- 
tion, a call— v. a. to claim with au- 
thority [tiff in an action 

Demandant, de-ma'n-d£nt, s. the plain- 

Deme, de'me, v. a. to determine, to 
judge [lessen, to debase 

Demean, de-me'nf, v. a. to behave, to 

Demeanour, de -me'-nor, s. carriage, be- 
haviour [ness, a delirious state 

Dementation, de mgn-ta-shrm, s. mad- 
Demerit, de mer' ft, s. one ill deserving 
— v. a. to deserve punishment 

Demesne, de ma'ne, s. a patrimonial 

Demi, dPrn'-Y, a. half 

Demi devil, dem"-i-deVl, 5. half a devil 

Demi-god, de'm'-f-gtfd, s. partaking of 

divine nature, half a god 
Demise, de-mlze, s. death, decease — 

v. a- to bequeath at one's death 
Demission, de'-mfsh'-tin, s. degradation, 

depression [grade 

Demit, dg-nVit, t\ a. to depress, to de- 
Democracy, dg-mbk'-ra-sy, s. popular 

DemocTaucal, 'dgm-o-krat'l'-kal, a. re. 

lating to democracy 

DEN f 80 1 DEP 

Sounds — h&t, hate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, me, her — cMn, chine, fteld, shirt.- 

Demolish, de-m6T-fsh, v. a. to destroy 

to overthrow 
Demolition, de'm'-o-l'ish'-un, s. the act of 

demolishing buildings 
Demon, de'-mdn, s. an evil spirit, a devil 
Demoniac, de-mb'-ny&k, s. one posses- 
sed with a demon 
Dernonology, de-mo-nbT'-d-dzhV, s. dis- 
course on the nature of devils 
Demonstrate, de-mons'-trate, v. a. to 

prove with certainty 
Demonstration, dem 6n-3tra'-shfm, s. an 

indubitable proof 
Demonstrative, dt-mons'-tr'a. ti'v, a. in- 
vincibly conclusive 
Demulcent, de-m'ul'-sent, a. softening 
Demur, de-mur\ v. n. to delay, to sus- 
pend — v. a. to doubt of — s. doubt, 
hesitation [affectedly modest 

Demure, de-mu'rc, <•/. decent, grave, 
Demurrage, dc-mtir'-redzh, s. allowance 

for > hips kept m a port 
Demurrer, de-muY-rer, s. pause on a 

difficult point of law 
Demy, de-my', a. a species of printing 

Den, den', s. a cavern, a cave 
Denial, de nf-al, s. a refusal, negation 
Denizen, den'-i-zen, s. a citizen, U free- 
man [give a name to 
' Denom-inate, de-nom'-Vn-^it^, v. a. to 
Denomination, de-nom Yn-a'-shun, s. a 

name given to a thing 
Denominator, de-nom-^-na'-tor, s. parts 

into which an integer is divided 
Denotation, de-no-ta-shun, s. the act of 
denoting [token 

Denote, de-no'te, v. a. to mark, to be- 
Denounce, de-nbu'ns, v. a. to threaten, 
to accuse [solid 

Dense, den's, a. close, compact, almost 
Density, den'-sf-ty, s. closeness, com- 
Dent, dent', s. a notch, a crease 
Dental, den'-tftl, a. relating to the teeth 
Dented, dent M, a. edged like teeth 
Dentelli, den-teT-lT, s. modillions in ar- 
chitecture [with small teeth 
Denticulated, den-tl'k-u-la-te'd, a. set 
Dentifrice, den'-tf-fri's, s. a powder for 
the teeth [breeding the teeth 
Dentition, den-tish' tin, s. l±te act of 
Denudate, de-nu'-datf , v. a. to divest, 
to strip [public menace 
Denunciation, de-nun-shyft'-shtin, s a 
Deny, de-ny', v. a. to disown, to refuse, 
to contradict 

Deobstruent, de-bb'-stru-e / nt,s.removing 

Deodand, de'-6 dand, s. thing forfeited 
to God [describe 

Depaint, de-pa'nt, v. a. to picture, to 

Depart, de-part, v. n. to go away, to 
desert, lo die — s. the act of going 
away, death [office or duty 

Department, de-pa'rt-me'nt, v. a separate 

Departure, de-pa'r-ture, s. a going awav , 

Depasture, de-paV-ture, v. n. to con 
sume by feeding on [-make poor 

Depauperate, de-pa-per-ate, v. a. to 

Depend, de-pend', v. a. to hang from, 
to rely on [relianc e 

Dependance,de-pe'nd'-ens,s. connections 

Dependant, de-pe'n'-de'nt, a. in the 
power of another — s. one who lives 
in subjection to another 

Dephlegm, de-rlem', v. a. to clear from 
phlegm [scribe 

Depict, de-plk't, v. a. to paint, to de- 

Depilous, de-pi'-lus_. a. without hair 

Depletion, de-ple-shun, s. the act of 
emptying [dismal 

Deplorable, de-plor'-&b'l, a. lamentable, 

Dej lore, de-plo're, v. a. to lament, be- 
wail [the feathers 

Deplume, de-plu'me, v. a. to strip off 

Deponent, depo'-nent, s. a witness up- 
on oath ; verbs which have no active 
voice [people, to lay waste 

Depopulate, de-pbp-u-late, v. a. to un- 

Depopulation, de-pbp-Ct-la'-shun, s. ha- 
voc, destruction 

Deport, de-pb'rt, v. a. to carry, to de- 
mean— s. demeanour, behaviour 

Deportment, de-port'-ment, s. carriage, 
behaviour, management 

Depose, de-po'ze, v. a. to degrade, 
to divest, to attest — v. n. to bear 

Deposit, de-pbz'A't, v. a. to lay up as a 
pledge — s. a pledge, a pawn 

Deposition, dep-o-ztshun, s. evidence 
upon oath, depriving a prince of so- 

Depository, de-pbz'-Y-tor-y, s. the place 
where any thing is lodged 

Depravation, dgp-ra-va'-shun, ?. degene- 
racy, depravity [to corrupt 

Deprave, de-pra've, v. a. to vitiate, 

Depravity, de-prav'-Y-ty, s. a vitiated 

Deprecate, deV-re-kate, v. a. to pray 
deliverance from, to implore mercy 


r si ] 


shtft, note, ldse, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye —thus, thick. 

Deprecation, dfp-re-ka'-shun, s. a prayer 

against evil [value 

Depreciate, de-pre-shyate, under- 

Depredate, dey-re-datf, v. a. to rob, to 

pillage, to spoil [bing or spoiling 

Depredation, d^p-re da-shun, s. a rob- 

DeDredator, dep-re-da'-tor, s. a robber, 

a plunderer [humble, to deject 

Depress, de-pr^s, v. a. to cast down, to 

Depression, de-presh'-un, s. the act of 

pressing or humbling, abasement 

Depressor, de-preV-sor, s. he that keeps 

or presses down [of depriving 

Deprivation, dSp-ri-va'-shun, s. the act 

Deprive, de-pri xe , v. a. to bereave, to 

take from [abstruseness 

Depth, dep'tfc, s. deepness, the abyss, 

Depurate, dSp-u-ret, a. cleansed, pure 

Depuration, dep-u-ra-shun, s. making 

pure or clear [deputing, vicegerency 

Deputation, de'p-u-ta'-shtin, s. act of 

Depute, de-pft'te, v. a. to appoint, to 

empower to act 
Deputy, dgp'-u-ty, s. a viceroy, any 
. one that transacts business for ano- 
ther [of order 
Derange, de-ra'ndzh, v. a. to put out 
Dereliction, de-re-lik'-shim, s. an utter 
forsaking [mock 
Deride, de-ri'de, v. a. to laugh at, to 
Derision, de-rtzh'-tin, s. scorn, contempt 
Derivation, d£r-f-va-shun, s. the tracing 

any thing from its source 
Derivative, de-rlv'-a^v, a. derived 

from another 
Derive, de-ri' xe, v. a. to trace from its 
original, to deduce— v. n. to descend 
Dernier, dern-Ve'r, a. the last 
Derogate, deV-6-gate, v. a. to disparage, 

to lessen — v. n. to detract 
Derogate, de"r-o-g£t, a. lessened in 
value [tion, detraction 

Derogation, der o-ga shun. s. defama- 
Derogative, de-rug* S-tYv, a. detractory 
Derogatory, de-r5g'-&-t6r-^, a. that les- 
sens the value 
Dervis, deY-vIs, 5. a Turkish priest 
Descant, deV-kant, s. a song, a dis- 
course [large 
Descant, de-skant', v. n. to discourse at 
Descend, de-send', v. n. to come down, 
to sink [of an ancestor 
Descendant,desen'-dant, s. the offspring 
Descendent, de-sen'-dent, a. proceeding 
from [gradation 
Descension, de-sgn'-shtin, s.descent, de- 

Descent, de-s^nt', s. a declivity, inva- 
sion, lineage [words, &c. 
Describe, de-skri'br, v. <t to represent by 
Description, dc-skrlp'-shtin. s. the act of 

describing, representation 
Descry, de-skry"', v. a. to spy out, to 

Desecration, des-e -kra"-shun, ^.pollution 

of things sacred 
Desert, dez'-eit, s. a wilderness, a waste 

country— a. wild, waste 
Desert, dt-zert, v. it. to forsake, to quit 
— v. it. to run off or away — s. merit, 
worth, claim to reward 
Deserter, de zert'-er, s. who forsakes a 

post or regiment 
Desertion, de-zer'-shtln, s. the act ot 
deserting [ofgoodcrill 

Deserve, de-zerv', v. n. to be worthy 
Deserved, dc^zer'-vgd, part, merited 
Desiccant, de-s'lk'-kent, a. drying— s. 

an application to dry sores 
Desiccate, de-sflt-kate, v. a. to dry up 
Desiderate, de-sW-er-ate, v. a. to want, 

to miss 
Desideratum, de-s^d-er-a turn, s. some. 

ching not yet discovered or settled 
Design, de-zi'n<°, v. a. to purpose, to 
project, to plan — 5. an intention, a 
scheme, a plan 
Designation, deVi'g-na'-shiin, s. appoint- 
ment, intention 
Designing,, de-zl'-n'ing, part. a. cunning, 

Desire, de-2i'rf , s. a wish, eagerness to 
enjoy — v. a. to wish, to long for, to 
Desirous, de-zi'-rus, a. full of desire, 
eager [stop 

Desist, de-sfet', v. n. to leave off, to 
Desk, d£sk', s. an inclining table to 
write on [waste, solitary 

Desolate, dgs-d-lfe't, a. uninhabited, laid 
Desolate, deV-6 latP, Vf&. to lay waste 
Desolation, de's-c-la'-shun, s. destruc- 
tion, gloominess, sadness 
Despair, de-spa're, s. hopelessness, de- 
spondence — v. ??. to despond 
Despatch, dls-pXtsh', V. a. to send away 
hastily, to kill — s. haste, speed, an 
express [villain 

Desperado, deVpeY-a'-do, s. an atrocious 
Desperate, de's-pe-re't, a. without hope, 
rash, furious [rashness 

Desperation, de's-pe-ra-shun, S. despair, 
Despicable, dgs-pf-keVl, a. contempti- 
ble, worthless 

BET [ 82 ] DEV 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me 1 , her — chfn, chine, field, shirt- 

pespise, de-spi'ze, v. a. t to scorn, to 

Despite or Despight, de-spi'te, s. ma- 
lice, defiance — v. a. to vex, to af- 
Despitefully, de-spite'-ftil-iy, ad. ma- 
liciously, malignantly 
■Despoil, de-spbYl, v. a. to rob, to strip 
Despond, de-spbnd', v. n. to despair, to 
lose hope [desperation 

Despondence, de-spbn'-dens, s. despair, 
Despondent, de-spbn'-dent, a. despair- 
ing, hopeless 
Despot, deV-pbt, s. an absolute prince 
Despotic, de-spbt'-fk, a. absolute, arbi- 
trary [power 
Despotism, deV-po-tism, s. absolute 
Despumation, dg-spu-ma'-shun, s. scum, 

Dessert, de-zert', $. the last course of 

an entertainment 
Destinate, des'-tf-nate, v. a. to design 
Destination, d£s-tl-na'-shun, s. the pur- 
pose intended 
Destine, deV-tfn, v. n. to doom, to ap- 
point, to devote 
Destiny, deV-tiny, s. fate, doom 
Destitute, des'-ti-tute, a. forsaken, 

abandoned, in want of 
Destroy, de-str&y, v. a. to put an end 

to, to lay waste, to kill 
Destructible, de-struk'-ttb'l, a. liable to 

Destruction, de-struk'-shun, s. the act 

of destroying, ruin, massacre 
Destructive, de-struk'-fiv, a. that which 
destroys, wasteful [custom 

Desuetude, de-su'-e-tude, s. disuse of a 
Desultory, de-sul-tor-^, a. unconnect- 
ed, unsettled [any thing 
Desume, de-su'me, v. a. to take from 
Detach, de-tat'sh, v. a. to separate, to 

send off a party 
Detail, de-tale, v. a. to relate particu- 
larly — s. a miuute and particular ac- 
count [tody, to withhold 
Detain, de-ta'ne, v. a. to keep in cus- 
Detainer, de-ta'ne-er, s. a writ to detain 
in custody [find out 
Detect, de-tek't, v. a. to discover, to 
Detection, de-tgk'-shun, s. discovery of 

guilt or fraud 
Detention, de-ten'-shun, s. the act of 

detaining, restraint 
Deter, de-ter', v. a. to discourage from 
Deterge, de-ter'dzh, v. a. to cleanse a 

Detergent, de-ter-dzhe'nt, a. that 

cleanses [may be decided 

Determinable, de-teV-nvi-neb'l, a. that 

Determinate, de ter'-mi-net, a. limited, 

conclusive, resoluie 
Determination, de-ter-nVi-na'-shun, s. a 

decision, a resolution 
Determine, de-ter'-mm, v. a. to fix, to 
resolve, to decide— v. n. to come to 
a decision [power to cleanse 

Detersive, de-ter'-sfv, a. having the 
Detest, de-tSst, v. a. to hate, to ab- 
hor [abominable 
Detestable, de-tes'-teVl, a. odious, 
Detestation, de-te's-ta'-shun, s. hatred, 
abhorrence [royalty 
Dethrone, de-tfcro'ne, v. a. to divest of 
Detonation, de-to na'-shtin, s. that noise 
which happens on mixing fluids that 
ferment with violence 
Detract, de-trak't, v. a. to derogate, to 
defame [tion, calumny 
Detraction, de-traV-shun, s. defama- 
Detractory, de-trak'-tor-y, a. defama- 
tory [mage, mischief 
Detriment, det'-rf-ment, s. loss, da 
Detrimental, det-ii-men'-tal, a. hurt- 
ful [({own 
Detrude, de-trude, v. a. to thrust 
Detrusion, de-tru'-zhun, s. the act of 
thrusting down [disturbing 
Deturbation, de-tur-ba-shun, s. act of 
Devastation, de-vas-ta-shtin, s. waste, 
havoc [dice 
Deuce, du'se, s. the two in cards or 
Develope, de-veT-6p, v. a. to unfold, to 

Deviate, de'-v^ate, v. n. to go astray, to 
err [right way, offence 

Deviation, de-v^a-shun, s. quitting the 
Device, de-vl'se, s. a contrivance, an 
emblem [person 

Devil, deVl, s. a fallen angel, a wicked 
Devilish, dev'1-lsh, a. like a devil, dia- 
bolical [track, erring 
Devious, de-v^us, a. out of the common 
Devise, de-vi'ze, v. a. to contrive, to 

invent — v. n. to consider 
Devisee, de-vl-s&', s. he to whom a 
thing is devised [stitute of 

Devoid, de-vbfd, a. empty, vacant, de- 
Devoir, de-vbYr, s. service, an act of 

Devolve, de-volv', v. a. to roll down—* 

v. n. to fall by succession- 
Devote, de-vo'te, v. a. to consecrate, to 
resign— -a. devoted 


[ 83 ] 


shot, note, 16se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, :hick. 

Devotee, dev-o-te', s. a superstitious 

person, a bigot 
Devotion, de-vb'-shun, s. piety, wor- 
ship, strong affection, power 
Devour, de-vtiu'r, v. a. to eat ravenous- 
ly, to consume 
Devout, de-vou't, a. pious, religious 
Dew, du', 5. a thin cold vapour— v. a. 
to moisten [species of bramble 

Dewberry, du'-ber-r^, s. the fruit of a 
Dewdrop, du drop, s. a drop of dew 
Dewlap, dii'-lap, s. the flesh hanging 

from the throats of oxen 
Dewy, du-^, a. moist with dew 
Dexter, deks'-ter, a. belonging to the 
right side [pertness, readiness 

Dexterity, dSks'-teY-i-tjS $. activity, ex- 
Dexterous, deks'-ter-us, a. expert, ac- 
tive, cunning [side 
Dextral, deks'-tral, a. on the right hand 
Dey, da', s. the governor of Algiers 
Diabetes, di-a-be'-tez, s. an involuntary 

discharge of urine 

Diabolic, di-a-bbT-lk, a. of or like a 

devil [of poppies 

Diacodium, dl-a-ko'-dyiim, s. the syrup 

Diacoustics, di a-kouVttks, $. doctrine 

of unreflected sounds 
Diadem, di-a-dem, s, a crown, a mark 
of royalty [syllables 

Diaeresis, di-e'-re-sVs, s. the division of 
Diagnostic, dfag-nos'-tik, s. the symp- 
tom distinguishing a disease 
Diagonal, dl-iig'-6n-al, s. a line drawn 
from angle to angle [scheme 

Diagram, di'-a-gram, s. a mathematical 
Dial, di'-al, s. a plate where a hand or 

shadow shews the hour 
Dialect, di'-a-l&kt, • s. subdivision of a 
language, style, manner of expres- 
sion [mentative 
Dialectic, di-&-lek'-t v ik , a. logical, argu- 
Dialling 3 di'-al-lmg,s.the art of construct- 
ing dials 
Dialogue, dl-a-log, s. a conference, 
conversation between two or more 
Diameter, di-am'-e-ter, s. a line which, 
passing through the centre, divides a 
circle into equal parts [ing a diameter 
Diametrical, df-a-met'-rik-al, a. describ- 
Diamond, di'-mond, s. the most valu 
able of all gems [music 
Diapason, dl-a'-pa'-zon, s. an octave in 
Draper, di'-a-per, s. flowered linen 
Diaphanous, di-af '-a nus,a. transparent, 
clear [perspiration 
Diaphoretic, dl-a-fo-reV-uc, a. promoting 

Diaphragm, di'-a-fr'ame, s. the midriff 
Diarrhoea, dl-ar-he-a, s. a flux of the 
belly [journal 

Diary, di'-ax-^, s. a daily account, a 
Diastole, di-as'-to-le, s. making a short 
syllable long, dilatation of the heart 
Diatonic, dT-S-ton'-ik a. gradual tones 

or gamut of music 
Dibble, dib'l, s. a planting tool 
Dice, disf, s. pi. of Die— v. n. to game 

with dice 
Dictate, dik'-tate, v. a. to Jell what to 

write, to instruct 
Dictate, dlk-te't, s. a rule or maxim, a 

Dictator, dlk-ta-tor, s. an absolute ma- 
gistrate, a ruler [tive 
Dictatorial, dtk-tl-to'-ry'a'l, a. authorita- 
Diction, dik'-shtin, 5. style, language, 

Dictionary, dtk'-son-aVry, s. a book ot 

words explained, a lexicon 
Didactic, dl-dak'-tik, a. preceptive, giv- 
ing precepts [cold, to quake 
Didder, dtd'-der, t>. n. to shiver with 
Die, dy, v. a. to tinge, to colour — v.n. 
to lose life, to perish — s. colour, hue 
stain, a stamp used in coinage, a 
small cube to play 
Diet, di'-£t, s. food, an assembly or 
princes — v. a. to supply with food— 
v. n. to eat by rules 
Diet-drink, di'-^t-dringk, s. medicated 
liquors [vary, to disagree 
Differ, dtf'-fer, v. n. to be unlike, to 
Difference, d'lf'-fer-ens, s. disagree- 
ment, dissimilitude [like 
Different, dYf'-fer-e'nt, a. distinct, un- 
Difficult, dif-fi-kult, .a. not easy, trou- 
blesome, hard to please 
Difficulty, dif '-ft-kul t^, ^.trouble, per- 
plexity, objection [ity 
Diffidence, d v if'-fi-dens,s.distrust,timid- 
Difbdent, dtf '-f t-dent, a. not confident 
Diffluent, dif'-fiu-tnt, a. flowing every 
way [to spread, to scatter 
Diffuse, dtf-fu'ze, v. a. to pour out, 
Diffuse, dlf-fuse, a. scattered, copious, 

not concise 
Diffusion, dlffu'-zhtin, s. dispersion 
Diffusive, dtf-fu'-SiV, a. dispersed, scat- 
teied [land 

Dig, dig', v. a. to turn up and cultivate 
Digest, dl'-dzhe'st, s. a collection of civil 

Digest, d'l-zdhe'st', v. a. to range me. 
thodically, to concoct in the stoiracb 

DIM [ 84 ] DIS 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, mti, her — chm, chine, field, shirt- 

Digestible, dt-dzh^s'-ttb'l, a. capable of 
being digested 

Digestion, dl-dzhe'sh'-tun, s. concocting 
of food in the stomach, preparation 
by heat, reduction to a plan 

Dight, di'te, v. a. to deck, to adorn 

Digit, dtdzh'-tt, s. three fourths of an 
inch, twelfth part of the diameter of 
the sun or moon, a number'untier ten 

Dignify, dtg'-nf-fy, v. a. to advance, to 
exalt, to honour 

Dignitary, dYg'-nt-tar-^, s. a clergyman 
advanced to some dignity 

Dignity, dlg'-nY-ty, s. rank, grandeur, 

Digress, dY-gres', v. n. to wander from 
the subject, to expatiate 

Digression, dY-greW-tin, s. a deviation 
from the subject 

Dike, dike, s. a ditch, a mound, a 

. bank [to force in two 

Dilacerate, dl-las-er-ate, v. a. to tear, 

Dilapidate, dl-lap'-l'-date, v. n. to go to 

Dilapidation, df-lap-'i-da'-shan, s. suf- 
fering edifices to go to ruin or decay 

Dilatation, dtla-ta-shun, s. act or state 
of extension 

Dilate, di-late, v. a. to extend, to en- 
large — v. n. to grow wide, to speak 

Dilatory, drt'-a-t6r-y\ a. tardy, slow 

Dilemma, di-lem'-ma, s. vexatious alter- 
native, intricacy 

Diligence, dtt-X-dzhens, s. industry, as- 

Diligent, dil-Y-dzhent, a. assiduous, 
persevering, not idle 

Dilucid, dilu'-sid, a. clear, not opaque 

Dilucidate, di-lu'-sf-date, v. a. to ex- 
plain, to make clear 

Diluent, d'lT-u -fent, a- making thin, at- 
tenuating [weaken 

Dilute, df-lute, v. a. to make thin, to 

Dilution, d^-lu'-shun, s. the act of di- 
luting [deluge 

Diluvian, di-lu-vyan, a. relating to the 

Dim, dtm', a. not quick in sight or ap- 

Dimension, dl-men'-shun, s. bulk, ex- 
tent, capacity 

Diminish, dfrn-fn'-fsh, v. a. to lessen, 
to impair, to degrade— v. n. to grow 
less [of making less, discredit 

Diminution, dYm-in-u'-sh'tin, s. the act 

Diminutive, dim-fn-fc'-tiv, a. small, 

Dimissory, dl-mYs-sor-y, a. a letter from 
one bishop to another about confer- 
ring holy, orders 
Dimity, dfm-ftft s. a fine kind of fus^ 

tain or cotton cloth 
Dimness, dfm'-nes, s. dullness of sight 
Dimple, dfmp'l, s. a hollow in the cheek 
or chin [sound 

Din, dm', s. a loud noise, a continued 
Dine, di'ue, v. n. to eat a dinner — v. a. 

to give a dinner 
Ding, dmg', v. a. to dash with violence 
— v. n. to bluster [hills 

Dingle, dfng'-g'l, s. a hollow between 
Dingy, dYn'-dzh^, n dark, foul, sullied 
Dining-room, dln'-fng-rom, s. room to 

dine in, or entertain company 
Dinner, din'ner, s. the chief meal of 

the day 
Dint, dmt', s. a blow, mark made by a 

blow — v. a. to mark by a blow 
Dinumeration, di-nu-mer-a-shun, s. act 

of numbering one by one 
Diocesan, di Ss-e-san, 5. a bishop or 

head of a diocese 
Diocess, di'-o-s^s, 5. the jurisdiction of 

a bishop 
Dioptrics, di-op'-trt'ks, s. a part of op- 
tics treating; of the different refrac- 
tions of light 
Dip, dYp', v. a. to immerge, to moisten 
Diphthong, d'if'-thbng, s. two vowels 
joined together [vilege of degree 
Diploma, dYp-lo' ma, s. a deed or pri- 
Diptote, dip-tote, s. a noun of two 
cases only [ble 

Dire, dl're, a. dreadful, dismal, horri- 
Direct, di-rSkt', a. straight, open, plain, 

express — 7;. a. to aim, to regulate 
Direction, di reV-shiin, s. an aim, super- 
Director, dt-r^k'-t6r, s. a superinten- 

dant, an instructor 
Directory, df -r&k'-tor-y, s. a rule, body 

or office of directors 
Direful, direful, a. dismal, dreadful 
Direption, df-rep'-shtin, s. the act of 

Dirge, dir'dzh, s. a mournful ditty 
Dirk, dirk', s. a kind of dagger 
Dirt, dirt', 5. mud, mire, meanness 
Dirty, dirt'-^, a. foul, mean, sordid— 

— v. a* to foul, to soil, to disgrace 
Disable, dfs-ab'l, v. a. to render inca- 
pable, to impair 
Disabuse, dYs-a-bu'ze, v. a, to set right, 
to undeceive 

DIS [ 85 ] DIS 

shtft, note, lose, actdr — htit, push, m(ite, fur — trul#, rye — thus, thick. 

Disadvantage, dfs-ad-vant'-e'dzh, s. loss 
injury, state of beiug nnpreparad 

Pisaffect, dte-af-fek't, v. a. to fill with 
* discontent 

Disaffected, dts-af-fek'-t^d, part, not 
wishing well to 

Disaffection, dfs-af-fe'k'-sh'un, s. want of 
loyalty or zeal 

Disagreeable, dfs-a-gre'-eb'l, a. unpleas- 
ing, offensive [ference of opinion 

Disagreement, dts-a-gre'-mSnt, s. dif- 

Disallow, dts-al-loti', v.n. to deny any 
thing [void, to annul 

Disannul, dts-an-nul', v. a. to make 

Disappear, dis-ap-pe're, v. n. to be lost 
to view, to vanish 

Disappoint, d?s-ap-p(ftnt, v. a. to de- 
feat expectation 

Disappointment, dfs-ap-p(ttnt < *me'ttfc, s. 
act of being disappointed 

Disapprove, d'is-ap'-prove, v. a. to dis- 
like, to censure 

Disarm, dis-ar'm,r. a. to deprive of arms 

Disarray, dVs ar-ra', v. a. to divest of 
.clothes — s. disorder, confusion, un- 
dress [grief 

Disaster, dYs-as'-ttir, s. mishap, calamity, 

Disastrous, dts as'-trus, a. unlucky, ca- 

Disavow, dfs-a-vbw', v. a.. to deny 

Disband, dts-band', v.a. to dismiss from 
military service — v. n. to retire from 
military service, to separate [of belief 

Disbelief, d\'s-be-lif\ s. discredit,refusal 

Disburse, dl's-bur's, v. a. to spend or 
lay out money [laid out 

Disbursement, dVs-burs'-ment, s. money 

Discard, dfs-ka'rd, v. a. to dismiss from 
employment [to j udge, to descry 

Discern, d'i'z zern', v. a. to distinguish, 

Discernible, dfc-zer'n-lb'l, a. percep- 
tible, distinguishable 

Discerning, dtz-ger-ntng, part. a. ju- 
dicious, knowing 

Discernment, d'te-zern'-ment, s. judg- 
ment, faculty of discerning 

' Discharge, dis-tshar'dzh, v. a. to re- 
lease, to dismiss, to pay — s. a dis- 
mission, an acquittance 

Discind, dts-sind', v. a. to divide, re 
cut in pieces [lower 

Disciple, ch's-si'p'l, s. a scholar, a fol- 

Disciplinarian,dts'-s s,s.strict 
observer of rules 

Discipline, dts'-st pttn, s. order, regula- 

' tion— 1> a. to regulate, to instruct; 
to reform, to chastise 

Disclaim, d'ls-kla'me', v. a. to disown,to 

deny, to renounce 
Disclose, dfs-klo'ze, v. a. to reveal, tc 
tell, to discover [act of revealing 

Disclosure, diSrklo'-zhurtf, s. discovery 
Discolour, dts-k61'-6r, v. a. to stain, 01 
change colour [quish, to defeat 

Discomfit, dis-kom'-f it, v. a. to van- 
Discomfiture, dfs-kom'-f tt-ure, s. rout, 

Discomfort, dfc-kbm'-fort, s. uneasiness 

— v. a. to grieve, sadden, deject 
Discommend, dfs-kom mend', v. a. to 

blame, to censure 
Discommode, dts-kom-mb'de, v. a. to 

put to inconvenience 
Discompose, dfs-kom-po'ze, v. a. to dis» 

order, to ruffle, to vex 
Disconcert, dis-kbn sert', v. a. to un- 
settle, to discompose 
Disconsolate, dis-kon-sd-let, a. sad, 

hopeless, sorrowful 
Discontent, dts kon-tent', s. a want of 

content, sorrow 
Discontented, dfs-kbn-te'n'-te'd, part. 

uneasy, dissatisfied 
Discontinuation, dtskon-tm- u-a-shun, 
s. a cessation, separation foil' 

Discontinue, dl's-kbn-tm'-u,©. or. to leave 
Discord, dts'-kord, s. disagreement, op- 
Discordant, dfs-kb'r-dent, a. incon- 
sistent, disagreeing 
Discover, dis-kbv'-er, v. a. to disclose, 

to find out, to espy 
Discovery, dts-kov -er-%, s. the act of 

finding, invention 
Discount, dts'-kbunt, s. a drawback, an 
allowance [pay back 

Discount, dis-kb6'nt, v. a. to draw or 
Discountenance, di's-kbun-te-ne'ns, v.a. 
to discourage, to abash — s, cold treat- 
ment [press, to deter 
Discourage, dts-kuY-edzh, v. a. to de- 
Discouragement dYs-kuY-edzh-ment, s. 

cause or act of discouraging 
Discourse, dts-kor'se, s. conversation, a 

Discredit, dts-krgd'-'it, s. ignominy, re 
proach, disgrace — v. a. not to believe 
Discreet, dts-kr*te, a. prudent 
Discrepant, dfs'-k re-pent, a. different 
Discretion, dfs-krgsh'-tin, s. prudence, 

liberty of acting 
Discriminate, dts-krtm'-tn-ate, v. a. t« 
distinguish, to select, to separate 

DIS [ 86 ] DIS 

Sounds. — bat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chtn, chine, field, shin — 

Discrimination, dYs-krYm-Yn-a-shun, s. 
distinction, separation, mark 

Discriminous, dis-krYm'-Yn-us, a. dange- 
rous, hazardous 

Discumbency, dYs-kum'-ben-s^, a. act 
of leaning at meat 

Discursive, dYs-kiir'-sYv, a. argumenta- 
tive, progressive 

Discursory, dis-ktis'-sor y\ «.argumental 

Discuss, dis-kus', v. a. to examine, to 
argue, to disperse 

Discussion, dis-kiis'-shun, s. examina^ 
tion of a question 

Discutient, dis-ku-shent, s. a repelling 

Disdain, dYs'dan'e, v. a. to scorn, to re- 
ject— s. scorn, contempt 

Disease, dis-eze, .>. distemper, malady, 
sickness — v. a. to pain, to torment 

Diseased, dYs-e -zed, part, afflicted with 
a distemper 

Disembark, dYs-gm-baH", v. a. to put on 
shore — v. n. to go on shore 

Disembitter, dYs-tm-bYt'-ter, v. a. to free 
from bitterness 

Disembodied, dts-em-bbd'-Vd, a. di- 
vested of the body, corps dismissed 

Disembogue, dis-ern-bo'ge, v. a. to dis- 
charge into the sea— v. n. to flow 

Disembroil, dYs-em-brbY'l, v. a. to dis- 
entangle, to clear up 

Disengage, dYs-en-ga'dzh , v. a. to sepa- 
rate, to disentangle, to free from— 
v. n. to set ones self free 

Disengaged, dis-en ga'dzhd, part, at 
leisure, clear from 

Disesteem, dYs-eVte'me, s. slight dislike 

Disfavour dYs-fa'-vor, s. discounte- 

Disfiguration, dYs-fYg-u-ra'-shiin, s. the 
act of disfiguring, deformity 

Disfigure, dYs-fYg'-ure, v. a. to deform, 
deface, mangle 

Disforest, dfs-fdr'-est, v. a. to turn into 
common land 

Disfranchise, dYs-fran'tsh-Ize, v. a. to 
take away privileges 

Disgorge, dYs-gordzh, v. a. to vomit, to 
pour out with force 

Disgrace, dYs-gra'se, s. loss of favour, 
dishonour — v. a. ts dishonour, to 

Disguise, dYs-gi'ze, v. a. to conceal, dis- 
figure, deform— s. a dress to deceive, 
a pretence 

Disgust, dYs-gnst', s. an aversion, dis- 
y like— v. a. to offend, to provoke 

Dish, dYsh', s. a vessel to serve food in 
— v. a. to serve in a di^h 

Dishabille, dis a-ul'i, *. an undress, a 
loose dress * 

Dishearten, dYs-ha'rt'n, v. a. to discou- 
rage, to terrify 

Disherit, dYsher'-Yt, v. a. to cut off 
from inheritance 

Dishevel, dish-ev'l, v. a. to spread the 
hair disorderly 

Dishonest, dts-hdn' £st, a. wicked, frau- 
dulent, void of probity 

Dishonour, dYs-on'-6r, «. reproach, dis- 
grace, censure— v. a. to disgrace, to 

Disinclination, dYs-Yn-klYna'-shun, s. 
want of affection, dislike 

Disincline, dts-Yn-kune, v. a. to pro- 
duce dislike to 

Disingenuity, dYs-Yn-dzhe-nu'-Y-ty 1 , s. 
insincerity, unfairness 

Disingenuous, dYs-Yn-dzheV-u-us, a. un- 
fair, meanly artful, illiberal 

Disinherit, dts-ln-her'-tt, v. a. to cut off 
from hereditary right 

Disinter, dls-Yn-ter', v. a. to take out of 
the grave 

Disinterested, dYs-Yn' te>-eV-ted, a. void 
of private advantage 

Disjoin, dYs-dzhol'n, v. a. to separate, to 

Disjoint, dYs-dzhoY'nt, v. a. to put out 
of joint, disunite, to make incohe- 
rent — v. n. to fall in pieces 

Disjunct, dYs-dzhungk't, a. disjointed, 

Disjunction, dYs-dzhungk"-shiin, s. disu- 
nion, separation 

Disk, disk', 5, the face of the sun or of 
a planet 

Dislike, dYs-li'ke, s. aversion, disappro- 
bation — v. a. to disapprove, to hate 

Dislocate, dis'-lo-kate, v. n. to disjoint, 
to displace 

Dislocation, dYs-lo-ka'-shtin, s. the act of 
displacing, a luxation 

Dislodge, dYs-lddzh', v. a. to drive out 
— v. n. to move away 

Disloyal, dYs-lSf-al, a. disaffected to 
government [dark 

Dismal, dYz'-mal, # .sorrowful,unhappy, 

Dismantle, dYs-mant'l, v. a. to disarm, 
strip, overthrow, destroy 

Dismask, dis-mask, v. a. to divest of a 

Dismast, dYs-mast, v. a. to deprive of 


DIS [ 87 ] DIS 

shot, note, 16se,.act6r — hut, push, m&te, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Dismay, dYs-ma, v. a. to discourage, af- 
fright — ?. fear, terror 

Disme. dim, s. the tenth part, a tithe 

pismember, dts-mdm'-ber, v. a. to cut 
off a limb, <Vc. 

Dismiss, dis-mYs', v. a. to send away 

Dismission, dis-mYsh'-un, s. deprivation 

Dismortgage, dfe-mo'r-ge'dzh, v. a. to 
redeem from mortgage 

Dismount, dTs mb'unt, v. a. to throw 
from on horseback — v. a. to alight 
from a horse 

Disobedience, dYs-6 be-dyens, s. breach 
of duty [duty 

Disobey, ciYs-o-ba', v. a. to transgress a 

Disoblige, d?s 6-blidzh, v. a. to offend, 
to disgust 

Disobliging, dYs-o-bli'-dzhYng, part. a. 
disgusting, unpleasing 

Disorder, dYs-or-der, s. irregularity, 
confusion, sickness — v. a. to throw 
into confusion, to make sick 

Disordinate. dYs-o'r-din-et, a. vicious, 
living irregularly 

Disown, dYs-6'ne, v. a. to deny, to re- 
nounce [spread abroad 

Dispand, dYs-pand', v. a. to display, to 

Disparage, dYs-par'edzh, v. a. to treat 
with contempt 

Disparity, dYs-p^r'-i-t^, s. inequality, 
dissimilitude [a park 

Dispark, dYs-pa'rk, v. a. to throw open 

Dispassion, dYs-pash'-tin, s. coolness of 

Dispatch, dYs-patsh'. see Despatch 

Dispel, dts-pel, v. a. to drive away, to 

Dispend, dYs-pend', v. a. to spend, to 

Dispensary, dYs-pen'-sar-V, s. a place 
Where medicines are dispensed 

Dispensation, dYs-pen-sa'-shtin, s. a dis- 
tribution, an exemption, permission 
to hold two livings 

Dispensatory, dYs-pe'h-stf-tor-^, s. a di- 
rectory for making medicines 

Dispense, dis-pen's, v. a. to distribute 
— v. n. to excuse 

Dispeople, dYs-pep'l, v. a. to depopu- 

Disperse, di's-perdzh', v. a. to sprinkle 

Disperse, dYs-per's, v. a. ^to scatter, to 

drive a way- 
Dispersion, dYsper-shtin, s. the act of 
scattering or spreading abroad 

Dispirit, dYs-pir'-Yt, v. a. to discourage, 
damp, oppress 

Displace, dfs-pla'se, v. a. to put out of 
place [disgust 

Displacency, dYs-pla-sen-sy"., 

Displani;, di's-plant', v. a. to remove a 
plant, to drive from a settlement 

Display, dYs-pla, v. a. to spread wide, 
to exhibit — s. exhibition 

Displeasant, dis-pk-z'-ent, a. unpleas- 
ing, offensive 

Displease, dts-ple'zr, v. a. to offend, 
provoke— u. ?i. to raise aversion 

Displeasure, dYs-pleYn'-ur, s. offence, 
anger, disgrace 

Displode, dis-plo'de, v. a. to vent with 

Displosion, dYs-plo'-zhtin, s. a bursting 
with noise 

Disposal, dYs-po' zai, s. management, re- 

Dispose. dYs-pd'ze, v. a. to bestow, to 
incline, to prepare, to regulate — v. n. 
to dispose of 

Disposition, dYspo zYsh-un, s. order, 
method, quality, tendency, temper 
of mind, predominant inclination 

Dispossess, dYs-poz-zes' v. a. to put out 
of possession, to deprive, to disseize 

Dispossession, dYs-poz-zesh'-un, $. the 
act of putting out of possession 

Disposure, dis-p'6-zhur, s. power, state, 

Dispraise, dYs-pra'ze, s. blame, censure 
— v. a. to blame, to censure 

Disproof, dYs-pro'f, s. a refutation, a 

Dispront, dYs-prof '-Yt, s. loss, damage 

Disproportion, dYs-propb'r-shun, ,s. uq- 
suitableness, want of symmetry — v.a. 
to mismatch 

unsuitable, unequal 

Disprove, dYs-pro've, v. a. to confute, to 

Dispunishable, dYs-pun'-Ysh-eb'l, a. with- 
out penal restraint 

Disputant, dYs'-pu-tSnt, s. a controvei- 
tist, a reasoner 

Disputation, dYs-puta'-shfcin, s. argu- 
mental contest, controversy 

Dispute, dYs-pu'te, v. n. to contend, de- 
bate — v. a, to contend for, to oppose 
— s. a contest, a controversy 

Disqualification, dYs-kwal-Y-f Y-ka-shun, 
s. that which disqualifies 

Disqualify, dYs-kwaT-i fy, v. a. to mane 
unfit, to disable 
I 2 

DIS r 68 J DIS 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— mSt, desist, m£, Wr-chtn, chine, field, shirts- 

Disquiet, dis-kwl'-k% s. uneasiness, 
anxiety— v. a. to disturb, to harass 

Disquietude, dfs-kwi-e-tude, s. uneasi- 
ness [tative inquiry 

Disquisition, d'is-kwf-zfsh'-tin, s.a dispu- 

Disregard, dts-re-ga'rd, s. slight notice, 
neglect— v. a. to slight, to contemn 

Disrelish, dYs-reT-lsh, s. nauseousness, 
dislike— v. a. to make nauseous, 

Disreputable, dls-rfey-u-teb'l, a. dis- 
graceful, unbecoming 

Disrepute, dis-re-pu'te, s. ill character, 
want of reputation 

Disrespect, dfs-re-spgkt', s. want of re- 
verence, rudeness 

Disrobe, dVs-rob'e, v. a. to undress, to 
strip [asunder, a rent 

Disruption, dVs-rtip'-shtin, s. a breaking 

Dissatisfaction, dts-sat-ts-fak'-shun, s. 

Dissatisfy, dVs sat'-fe-fy, v. a. to dis 
oblige, to displease 

Dissect, dts-sSkt', v. a. to cut in pieces, 
to anatomize 

Dissection, dts-sck'-shun, s. nice exami- 
nation, anatomy 

Disseise, dfs-s&'z, v. a. to dispossess, to 
deprive [possession 

Dissesin, dis-seV- l in, s. unlawful dis- 

Disseisor, d?s-s£'-z6r, s. he that dispos- 
sesses another 

Dissemble, dfs-s&n'b'l, v. a. to hide un- 
der false appearance — v. n. to play 
the hypocrite 

Disseminate, d'is'-se'm-'in-ate, v. a. to 
scatter as seed, to spread 

Dissemination, dis'-sSm-fn-a'-shun, s. 
the act of scattering 

Dissention, d^s sen'-shun, s. disagree- 
ment, strife, discord 

Dissent, dfs-sent', v. n. to disagree in 
opinion, to differ 

Dissenter, dis-sent'-ec, s. a separatist 
from a national church 

Dissertation, dis-ser-ta'-shun, s. a dis- 

Disserve, dis-serv', v. a. to injure 

Disservice, dis-ser'-vYs, s. injury, mis- 
chief [rious, mischievous 

Disserviceable, d'l's-ser'-vis-^b'l, a. inju- 

Dissever, dVs-sev'-er, v. a. to cut in two, 
to break, to divide 

Dissimilar, dfs-s?m'-i-lar, a. unlike, he- 

Dissimulation, dts-sim-u-la-shtin, s. the 
act of dissembling, hypocrisy 

Dissipate, dVs'-st-pate, v. a. to disperse, 
to spend extravagantly 

Dissipation, dis-st-pa-shun, s. extrara* 
gant spending, waste 

Dissociate, dts-so'-shyate, v. a. to sepa- 
rate, to disunite 

Dissoluble, dls'-so-lub'l, a. capable of 

Dissolve, dtz-olv', v. a. to disunite, to 
break up — v. n. to fall to nothing, to 
be melted 

Dissolvent, dfz-bT-vent, a. having the 
power of melting 

Dissolute, dfs-so-lute, a. loose, wanton 

Dissolution, dis-s.o-lu-shun, s. a dissolv- 
ing, destruction, death, act of break- 
ing up an assembly 

Dissonant, dis-so-nent, a. unharmoni- 
ous, harsh [the contrary 

Dissuade, dfs-swade, v. a. to advise to 

Dissuasive, dfs-swa'-sfv, a. tending to 
persuade against [two syllables 

Dissyllable, dfs-syl-lab'l, s. a word of 

Distaff, dts'-taf, s. a staff used in 

Distance, dts-tens, s. remoteness in 
place or time, disrespect, distant be*, 
haviour — v. a. to leave behind ih a 
race [time, reserved 

Distant, d l i's'-tent, a. remote in place or 

Distaste, distaste, s. disgust, dislike 

Distemper, dYs-tgrn'-per, s. disease, dis- 
order, uneasiness 

Distemperature, dfe-tgrn'-per-a-ture, s. 
noise, intemperateness 

Distend, dts-tend', v. a. to stretch out 
in breadth [stretching, breadth 

Distention, dis-ten'-shtin, s. the act of 

Distich, dte'-tik, s. a couplet, a couple 
of verses 

Distil, dis til', v. ri. to drop, flow gent- 
ly and silently — v. a. to draw by dis- 
tillation [of distilling 

Distillation, dis-ttl-la-shun, s. the act 

Distillery, dts til'-er-\ T , s. a place where 
a distiller carries on his business 

Distinct, d^s-tingkt', a. different, apart, 

Distinction, dis-tingk'-shtin, s. note 
of difference, quality, separation 

Distinctive, dis-tingk'-tiv, a. judicious, 
able to distinguish 

Distinguish, dte-ting'-gw'ish, v. a. to 
discern, to note, to honour— v. n. to 
make distinction 

Distinguished, dts-ting'-gwhtst, part. 
eminent, transcendent 


[ 89 ] 


shtft, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Distort, dis-to'rt, v. a. to writhe, to 
twist, to misrepresent 

Distoition, dfs-tb'r-shtin, s. grimace, 

Distract, dYs-trakt', v. a. to divide, to 
perplex, to make mad [wild 

Distracted,dfs-tra J k'-te'd,;??ar£.perpIexed, 

Distraction, dts-trak'-shun, s. confusion, 
madness, discord 

Distrain, dYs-tra'ne, V. a. to seize goods 
or chattels [&c. 

Distraint,dYs-trant,s.a seizure of good*, 

Distress, dYs-tr£s', s. a distraining, cala- 
mity, misery — v. a. to harass, to 
make miserable 

Distribute, dts-trtb'-utf, [v. a. to divide 
among; many 

Distribution, dts-trt-bu-shun, s. the act 
of distributing [vince, a region 

District, dYs-trYkt, s. a circuit, a pro- 

Diatrust, dfs-triist', v. cr. not to trust, 
to disbelieve — s. loss of confidence, 
suspicion [to interrupt 

Disturb, dVs-trub', v. a. to perplex, 

Disturbance, dis-tiirb'-ens, s. confusion, 
tumult [disagreement 

Disunion, dYs-u' nyon, s. a separation, 

Disunite, dis-u'-ni'te, v. a. to separate 
friends, to divide 

Disunity, dis-ii'-nY-ty", s. the state of ac- 
tual separation 

Disvouch, dYs-vou'tsh, v. a. to destroy 
the credit of, to contradict 

Ditch, dftsh', s. a trench, a moat 

Ditto, dit'-to, s. the aforesaid 

Ditty, dtt'-ty, s. a musical poem, a 
song [toman grand council 

Divan, di'-van, some dYv'-an, s. the Ot- 

Divarication, dT-viir-i-ka-shun, s. a divi- 
sion of opinions 

Jive, di've, v.n. to sink involuntarily 
under water, to go deep into any 
question or science 

Diverge, di-ver'dzh, v. v. to tend vari- 
ous ways from one point 

Divergent, di-ver'-dzhent, a. going far- 
ther asunder 

Divers, di-verz, a. several, sundry 

Diverse, di-vers, a. different, unlike, 
o/posite [variation, change 

Diversification, di-ver-sY-f Y-ka'-shtin, s. 

Diversify, dY-ver'-sY-;y, *>• a - to distin- 
guish, to variegate 

Diversion, dt-ver-shan, 5. the act of 
turning any thing from its course, 
sport, game - [variety 

Diversity, di-ver'-sUy, s. difference, 

Divert, dY-vert', v. a. to turn aside, to 
entertain [possess 

Divest, dY-vfe'st', v. a. to strip, to dis- 

Divesture, dY-veV-tfcre, s. the act of 
putting off 

Divide, dl-vi'de, v. a. to part, separate, 
distribute— v. v. to break friendship 

Dividend, dYv-Y-dcnd, s. share, part al« 
lotted in division 

Dividual, di-vYd'-u-al, a. divided, shared 

Divination, dYv-Y-na'-shtin, s. a foretel- 
ling of future things 

Divine, div-i'ne, a. godlike, heavenly, 
not human — s. a minister of the 203- 
pel, a clergyman — v. a. to foretel, to 

Diviner, dY-vIn'-er, 5. a professor of 

Divinity, dYv-Yn'-Y-ty, s. the Deity, the 
Supreme Being, science of divine 
things, theology [divided 

Divisible, div-Yz'-Yb'l, a. that may be 

Division, dYv-Yzh'-un, s. the act of divid- 
ing, a partition, part of a discourse, 
just time in music [divides 

Divisor, dYv-I'-zor, s. the number that 

Divorce, di v-6'rse, s. separation in mar- 
riage — v. a. to force asunder 

Diuretic, dYu-ret'-Yk, a. provoking 

Diurnal, dl-ur'-nal, a. performed in a 
day, daily— s. a journal, a day-book 

Diuturnity, di-u-tur-nt-tv, s. length of 
duration [lie, to proclaim 

Divulge, dYv-ul'dzh, r. a. to make pub- 

Dizen, di'z'n, x). a. to dress, to deck 

Dizzy, dlz'-z^, a. giddy, thoughtless 

Do, dd, v. a. to act any thing either 
good or bad— v. n. to act in any 
manner either ill or well 

Docible, dos'-Yb'l, or Docile, dos'-ll, n. 
easily taught, tractable 

Docility, do-sYl'-Y-ty, 5. aptness to be 

Dock, dbk', s. an herb, a place where 
snips are built or laid up— v. a. to 
cut short, to lay in a dock 

Docket, d6k'-£t, s. a direction tied up- 
on goods [val stores, &c 

Dockvard, dok'-ya'rd, s. a yard for na- 

Doctor, dbk'-tor, s. a title in divinity, 
law, physic, &c. 

Doctrinal, dbk'-trY-n&l, a. containing 
doctrine Tact of teaching 

Doctrine, dbV-trYn, 5. precept maxim, 

DOM t 90 ] DOT 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — me't, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt — 

Document, dok'-u-rne'nt, 5. a precept, 

instruction, direction [plant 

Dodder, d5d'-der, s. a winding weed or 

Dodecagon, do-dH.'-a-gftn, s. a figure 

of twelve sides 
Dodge, dod'zh, v. n. to use craft, to 

follow artfully, to quibble 
Doe, do', s. the female of a buck 
Doff, dof, v. a. to put off dress, to 

strip, to delay 
Doer, dog', ,v. a domestic animal— v. a. 
to follow, to watch with an insidious 
Dogdays, dog'-daze, 5. the days in which 
the dogstar rises and sets with the 
sun [of Venice 

D*oge, do'dzh, s. the chief magistrate 
Dogged, dog'-ge'd, a. sullen, sour, mo- 
rose [one mast 
Dogger, dbg'-geY, s. a small ship with 
Doggerel, dog'-grel, a. vile, mean— a. 

despicable verses 
Doggish, dog'-gtsh, a. currish, brutal 
Dogma, dog'-ma, s. an established prin- 
ciple, a tenet 
Dogmatic, dSg-mat'-tk , a. authoritative 
Dogmatize, dog'-ma-tizr, v. n. to assert 

positively, to teach magisterially 
Dogs, do'gz, s. handirons 
Dogstar, dog'-star, s. the star which 

gives name to the dogdays 
Doily, dbY-iy, s. a small coarse napkin 
u^ed after dinner [bustle 

Doings, do'-mgz, .s. feats, actions, stir, 
Doit, doi't. s. a small piece^of money 
Dole, dole", s. a share, a part, grief, 

misery — v. a. to deal, to distribute 
Doleful, dol'e-ful, a. sorrowful^ melan- 
choly, afflicted [gloomy 
Dolesome, dole-som, a. melancholy, 
Doll, dol', s. a little girl's baby- 
Dollar, dol-lar, s. a foreign coin 
Dolortfic, dol-o-rff'-lk, a. that causes 

grief or pain 
Dolorous, dol'-o-ros, a. sorrowful, dis- 
mal, painful 
Dolphin, dol' fin, s. a sea fish 
Dolt, do'wl't, s. a heavy stupid fellow, 
a thickscull • [blockish 

Doltish, do'wlt- ; .sh, a. stupid, mean, 
Domain, do-ma'ne, &, a dominion, em- 
pire, estate 
-Dome, dome, s. an arched roof, a 

cupola * 

Domestic, do-meV-tik, a, belonging to 
the house, not foreign, private — s. a 
servant, a dependent 

Domesticate, do-meV-tt-kate, v. a. to 
make domestic 

Dominate, dom'- l i mte, v. a. to predo- 
minate, to prevail over 

Domination, dSm'-l ni'-shun, s. domi- 
nion, tyranny 

Dominee: , dom i-ncre, v. n. to hector r 
to rule with insolence, to act without 

Dominical, do-mtn' i-kal, a. that notes 
the Lords day 

Dominion, do min'-yon, s. sovereign au- 
thority, territory, power 

Domino, dom'-i no, s. a sort of masque- 
rade dress, a game 

Don, don', s. a Spanish title for a gen- 

Donation, do na shun, s. a gift, a pre- 
sent, a bounty, a thing given 

Donative, don'-a-ttv, s. a gift, a present,, 
a benefice 

Done, don', part, of the verb Do — 
int^r. a word used to confirm a 

Donor, do'-n6r, s. a giver, a bestower 

Doom, do'me, v. a. to sentence, to des- 
tine— s. a judicial sentence, judg- 
ment, condemnation, destiny 

Doomsday, do'mz-da, s. day of judg. 

Doomsday-book, do'mz da-bok', s. a 
book for registering estates . 

Door, dore, s. the gate of a house, a 
passage [warrant 

Doquet, d&k'-et, s. a paper containing a 

Doree, dore, s. a delicate fish 

Doric, dor'-ik, s. the second order in 

Dormant, do'r-ment, a. sleeping, pri- 
vate, concealed 

Dormitory, dor-nit-tor-^, s. a room 
with many beds, a burial place 

Dormouse, dor-mbus,s. a small animal 
which passes the winter in sleep 

Dose, do'se, s. so rquch of any medicine 
as is taken at one time 

Dot, dot', s. a small point or spot in 
writing, &c. 

Dotage, do tSdzh, s. imbecility of mind, 
excessive fondness [dowry 

Dotal, do-tal, a. relating to portion or 

Dotard, dbt'-ard,s. one whose intellects- 
are impaired, a silly lover 

Dote, do'te, v. n. to love extremely 

Doting, dot'-tng, p?\ from dote 

Dotterel, dot'-tril s. a bird that mimics 


[ 91 3 



shSt, note, 16se, actor— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Double, dub'l, a. twice as much, two- 
fold— v. a. to enlarge by like quan- 
tity, to fold, to pass round a head- 
land — v. n, to increase to twice the 
quantity — s. a plait or fold, trick, ar- 
tifice [deceit, dissimulation 
Double dealing,dub'l-de'-!fng,s. cunning, 
Double minded, dnb'1-mi'n-de'd, a. de- 
ceitful [or a pair 
Doublet, dttb'-lgt, s. a waistcoat, two 
Double-tongued, dtib'l-t6ng'd, a. deceit- 
ful, false, hollow 
Doublon, dub-16'n<?, s. a Spanish coin of 

two pistoles 
Doubt, d5ut', v. a. to question, to sus- 
pect — s. suspicion, difficulty 
Dove, d6v', s. a sort of wild pigeon 
Dovecot, dov'-kdte, s. a pigeon-house 
Dovetail, d6v'-talr, 5. a" term used by 

Dough, do', s. unbaked paste 
Doughty, dtt&'-ty 1 , a. brave, illustrious, 
eminent [pale 

Doughy, do'-y", a. soft, not quite baked, 
Douse, dou's, v. a. to plunge suddenly 
in water [a jointure 

Dowager, dbw'-V-dzher, 5. a widow with 
Dowdy, dow'-dV, a. awkward — s. an 

awkward inelegant woman 
Dower, d5w'-er, 5. a wife's portion, a 

widow's jointure, endowment 
Dowlas, dftw'-las, s. coarse strong linen 
Down, dow'n,s. soft feathers or wool, 
tender hair, a large open plain— prep. 
along a descent — ad. on the ground, 
into disgrace 
Downcast, d<5w'n-k&st, a. bent down, 
dejected * 

Downfall, dbV'n-fal, s. ruin, calamity 
Downhill, down'-Ml, s. a descent— a. 
descending [dejected 

Downlooking. dbwn-lok'-fng, a., sullen, 
Downlying, down'-ly-fng, a. near child- 
Downright, dbwn-ri'te, ad. honestly, 

plainly — a. open, undisguised 
Downward, d6wn'-ward, a. bending 

down, dejected 
Downwards, dfiw'n-waYdz, ad. towards 
the centre, from a higher to a lower 
situation [or nap, soft 

Downy, dSw'-ny", a. covered with down 
Dowry, dbw'-ry, s. portion, a dower 
Doxology, d&ks-bT-o-dzhy, s. a form of 

giving glory to God 
Doxy, dbk'-sy, s. a loose wench, a pros- 

Doze, do'ze, v. n. to slumber — v. a. to 

stupify, to dull 
Dozen, doz'n, s. the number of twelve 
Dozy, dd'-zy 1 , a. sleepy, drowsy 
Drab, drib', s. a slattern, sort of wool- 
len cloth 
Drachm, dr&m', s. a Roman coin, the 
eighth part of an ounce [away 

Draff, draf ', s. refuse, any thing thrown 
Draft, draft, s. a bill drawn on another 

for money 
Drag, drag', v. a. to draw by force, to 

trail — s. a sort of net or hook 
Draggle, drag'l, v. a. to trail in the dirt 
Dragon, drag'-6n, .s. a winged serpent 
Dragonlike, drag'-on-Hke, a. furious, 

Dragoon, dra-go'ne, 5. a horse soldier — 

v. a . to force one against his will 
Drain, dra'ne, v. a. to draw off gra- 
dually, to make quite dry — 5. a chan- 
nel to carry off water 
Drake, drak^, s. the male of the duck 
Dram, dram', s. the eighth part of an 
ounce, a glass of spirits [a play 

Drama, dra -ma, s. a poem, the action of 
Dramatic, dra-mSt'-tk, a. represented 

by action 
Dramatist, dram-S'-tfst, s. author or' 

dramatic compositions 
Draper, dra-per, s. one who sells cloth 
Drapery, dra'-per-^, s. cloth work, the 

dress of a picture 
Draught, dr&'ft, s. the act of drinking, 
quantity drunk or drawn at once, a 
delineation, a picture, a check or bill 
of exchange, a detachment 
Draw, dra, v. a. to pull forcibly, to at- 
tract, to describe, to allure — v. n. to 
unsheathe, to write a bill of exchange, 
to delineate 
Drawback, dra'-bak, s. money paid back 
on exports [lift up 

Drawbridge, dra'-brtdzh, s. bridge to 
Drawer, dra'-er, s. one who draws, a 
sliding box in a case [breeches 

Drawers, dra'-erz, s. a pair of under 
Drawing, dra-mg,s a delineation 
Drawing-room, dra-lng-rome, s. a room 
for company [clownishl v 

Drawl, dral, v.n. to speak slowly or 
Drawr.ell, dra'-wel, s. a deep well 
Dray, dra', or Draycart, dra'-kart, s. a 

car for beer 
Dread, drgd', 5. great fear, terror, awe 
— a. terrible, awful — v. a. to fear ex- 
cessively— v.n. to be in fear 

DRO [ 92 ] DUC 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — met. desist, me, her — chin, chine, HHd, shfrt — 

Dreadful dre'd'-f til, a. terrible, formi- 

Dream, dre'me, s. thoughts in sleep, an 
» idle fancy — v. a. to have thoughts in 
sleep, to be sluggish 

Dreary, dre'-rV, a. sorrowful, dismal 

Dredge, dredzh', .5. a kind of net — v. a. 
to gather or fish with a dredge 

Dreggy, dreg'-g^, a. having dregs, not 

Dregs, dreg'z, s. sediment of liquors, &c. 

Drench, dren'sh, v. a. to soak, to fill 
with drink— s. physic for a brute 

Dress, dreV, v. a. to clothe, to deck, to 
cover a wound, to cook, to curry a 
horse — s. clothes, ornament 

Dresser, dres'-ser, s. one who dresses, a 
kitchen table 

Dressing-room, dreV-sing-rome, s. a 
room to dress in 

Drib, drib', v. a. to crop, to cut off 

Dribble, drib'l, v. n. to drop slowly 

Driblet, drib'-le% s. a small sum 

Drift, drift', s. course, tendency, a heap 
thrown together by the wind — v. a. 
to drive, to throw on heaps 

JDrill, dril', v. a. to perforate, to make 
a hole, to teach recruits — s. an instru- 
ment for boring, a small furrow 

Drink, dringk', v. n. to swallow liquors, 
to be an habitual drunkard — v. a. to 
swallow, suck up, absorb — s. liquor 
to be.. swallowed 

Drip, drip', v.n. to fall in drops — v. a 
to let fall in drops — s. what falls in 

Dripping, drip'-pYng, s. the fat dropped 
from roast meat 

Drive, dri've, v. a. to force along, to 
urge, to guide— v. n. to go as im- 

Drivel, driv'l, v. n. to slaver, to dote 

Driven, driv'n, part, of Drive 

Drizzle, driz'l, v.n. to fall in slow drops 

Drizly, driz'-iy, a. small rain 

Droll, drole, s. an arch fellow, a jester, 
a farce — a. merry, ludicrous — v. n. 
to jest, to play the buffoon 

Drollery, dro'l-er-y', s. idle jokes, buf- 
foonery [camel 

Dromedary, drbm'-e-dar-y, s. a kind of 

Drone, drone, s. a dry bee, a sluggard, 

* a slow humming music — v. n. to live 
in idleness 

Dronish, dro'-riish, a. idle, sluggish 

Droop, dr6'pe, v. n. to languish with 

k sorrow, to faint, to pine away 

Drop, drop, s. a globule of moisture, a 
diamond hanging in th* ear- v. n. to 
pour in drops, f o let fall, to cease, to 
quit— v. a. to sink into silence 
Dropping,diop'-p v ing,>>.whatf<:lls indrops 
Dropsical, drop -tf-k&l, a. diseased with 
a dropsy [in the body 

Dropsy, drop' stf, s. a collection of water 
Dross, chos', s. scum of metals 
Drossy, dros'-s^, a. full of dross, foul 
Drove, dro'vp, s. a herd of cattle, a tu- 
mult, a crowd ("tie 
Drover, dro ver, s. one that drives cat- 
Drought, drout, s. dry weather, thirst 
Droughty ,drou'-tV,awantingrain, thirsty 
Drown, drow'n, v. a. to suffocate in 

water, to overflow, to immerge 

Drowsy, drow'-z^, a. sleepy, dull, stupid 

Drub, drub', v. a. to thresh, to beat. »o 

bang — s. a thump, a knock, a blow 

Drudge, drtidzh', v. n. to labour in 

mean offices — s. one employed in 

mean labour [labour 

Drudgery, drudzh'-er-y, s. hard mean 

Drudgingbox, drodzh'-'/ng-boks, g. a box 

out of which flour is sprinkled 
Drug, drug', s. a medicinal simple, any 

thing without worth or value 
Drugget, drug'-gSt, s. a slight kind co 
woollen stuff [the ancient Britons 
Druid, dru'-Yd', s. a priest and bard ot 
Drum, drtim', s. an instrument of mili- 
tary music, the tympanum of the ear 
v. n. to beat or sound a drum 
Drummajor, dram-ma'-dzhor, s. the 

chief drummer of a regiment 
Drunk, driingk', a. intoxicated with 
liquor [excessive drinking 

Drunkard, drungk'-ard, .5. one giver* to 
Dry, dry', a. arid, without rain, thi"v:y, 
barren — v. a. to free from moisture, 
to drain — v. n. to grow dry 
Drynurse, dry'-nurs, s. a woman who 
brings up children without the breast 
Dual, du'-al, a. expressing the number 
two [a person 

Dub, dub', v. a. to confer knighthood on 
Dubious, du-byus,or.doubtful,uncertain 
Ducal, du'-kal, a. appertaining to a duke 
Ducat, duk'-at, s. a foreign coin 
Duchess, dtitsh'-£s, s. wife of a duke 
Duchy, dutsh-V, 5. a dukedom 
Duck, duk', s. a water fowl, female of 
the drake — v. n. to dive under water 
— v. a. to put u.ider water 
Ducking-stcol, duk'-Yng-stote, s. a cha* 
in which scolds are ducked 


[ 93 ] 


shbt, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Ducklegged, dttk'-leg'd, a. short legged 
Duckling, duk'-ling. s. a young duck 
Duct, dukt', s. a guidance, a passage 
Ductile, duk'-ttl, a. flexible, pliable 
Ductility, duk'-Ul'-l-tf, s. flexibility, 

Dudgeon, ddd'-dzh6n, 5. ill-will 
Due, du'' a. owed, proper, exact — s. a 

debt, right, just, title, tribute 
Duel, du'-tl, >. a right between two 
Duenna, clutn' na, 5. an old governess 
Duet, du e't', 5. an air in two parts 
Dug, dug', s. the pap or teat 
Duke, du'kf, s. one of the highest order 

of nobility in England 
Dukedom, du'ke-dom.s. the possession 

or quality of a duke [monious 

Dulcet, duT-sel, a. sweei, luscious, bar 
Dulcify, d'uT-sl-fy, v. a. to sweeten 
Dulcimer, did'-sl-mer, 5. a kind of mu- 
sical instrument 
Dull, duT, a. stupid, sluggish, dejected 

— 1>. a. to stupify, to biunt 
Dulness, dtd'-nes, 5. stupidity , heaviness 
Dumb, dtim', a. mute, silent [sadness 
Dump, dtimp', s. sorrow, melancholy, 
Dumpish,dtimp'.ish, a. sad, melancholy 
Dumpling, dump'-h'ng, s. a small boiled 

Dumps, dumps, s. a melancholy fit 
Dun, dun', s. colour between brown 

and black, gloomy — v. a. to press for 

a debt — s. a troublesome creditor 
Dunce, dun's, s. a dolt, a thickskull 
Dunch, diinsh', a. deaf 
Dung, dung', s. excrement, soil — v. a. 

to fatten land with dung 
Dungeon, dtin'-dzhon, s. a close prison 
Dunghill, dung'-hll, s. a mean person, a 

heap of dung 
Duodecimo, du-d-deV-t-mo, s. a book 

having twelve leaves to a sheet 
Dupe, du'pe, s. a credulous person — 

v. a. to trick, to cheat 

Duple, du'-p'l, a. double 

Duplicate, du-pll'-katc, v. a. to double, 

to fold together 
Duplicate, du-plf-ket, s. an exact copy 

of any thing, of the same kind 
Duplication, du-pli-ka-shun, s. the act 
of doubling or folding [tng 

Duplicity, du-pfrs'-i-ty, s. double deal- 
Durability, du-ri-bll'-t-ty, s. the power 
of lasting [tinuance 

Durance, du' rens, s. imprisonment,con- 
Duration, du-ra'shun, s. continuance, 

length of time 
Dure, dure, v. n. to last, to continue 
Duress, dii'-res, s. constraint, imprison- 
ment [continuance 
During, du'-rfng, jprep. for the time of 
Durst, durst', pret. qf'Dave 
Dusk, dusk', s. a tendency to darkness 
Dusky, dusky, a. tending to darkness 
Dust, dfist', s. earth dried to powder — 
v. a. to free from dust, to sprinkle 
with dust 
Dusty, dtis'-ty, a. clouded with dust 
Dutchy, dtitsh'-y, s. territory which 
gives title to a duke [sive, respectful 
Duteous, du-tyus, a. obedient, submis- 
Duty, du ty", s. natural or legal obliga- 
tion, respect, reverence, a tax [size 
Dwarf, dwarf, s. a man below the usual 
Dwarfish, dwar-ftsh, a. low, little 
Dwell, dweT, v. n. to inhabit, to con- 
tinue long [place of residence 
Dwelling, dweT- ling, s. habitation, a 
Dwindle, dwYnd'l, v. n. to shrink, to 
grow feeble, to wear away [lour to 
Dye, dy'> v. a. to lose life, to give a co- 
Dying, dy'-tng, part, expiring, giving 
colour to [vereignty 
Dynasty, dy'-na^ty 1 , s. government, so- 
Dysentery, d^s'-enter-V 7 , s. a looseness 
Dyspepsy, dvs'-pep-sV, s. indigestion 
Dysury, dys'-u-ry, s. a difficulty in mak- 
ing urine 


EACH, £'t=fc prcn. either of two, 
every one 
Eager, e-'-ger, a. ardent, zealous 
Eagerness, e-ger-ncs,s. keen desire, ve- 
Eagle, eg'l, ?. a bird of prey, the Ro- 
man standard 

Eagle eyed, e'g'l-ide, a. sharp sighted 
Eagle speed, eg'1-spede. s. swiftness 

like an eagle 
Eaglet, e'-glet, s. a young eagle 
Ear, ere, s. the organ of hearing. 

power of judging of harmony, spike 

of corn 

ECH [ 94 j EFF 

Sounds — b&t, hate, hall, liar — me't, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Earl, erl', s. the title of nobility next to 
a marquis [an earl 

Earldom, erl'-dom, the seigniory of 
Earl-marshal, eVl'-ma'r-sh&l, s. the offi- 
cer that has the chief care of military 
Early, er'-iy, a. soon — ad. betimes 
Earn, ern', v. a. to gain by labour 
Earnest, eY-ne'st, a. ardent, zealous, 
intent, eager — s. seriousness, money 
advanced [at the ears 

Ear-ring, e're-ring,s. an ornament worn 
Ear-shot, S're-shot, s. within hearing 
Earth, ertfr', s. land, mould, the terra- 
queous globe [clay 
Earthen, erth'n, a. made of earth or 
Earthquake, ertli'-kwakc*, s. a tremor of 
the earth [mea>, sordid wretch 
Earthworm, erth'-worm, s. a worm, a 
Earthy, ertft'-y, a. consisting of earth, 

gross, foul 
Ease, e'ze, s, quiet, rest after labour, 

facility — v. a. to relieve, assuage 
Easel, ez'l, s. a painter's frame for can 

Easement, eze'-ment, s. relief, assistance 
East, e'ste, 5. the quarter where the sun 

Easter, e's-ter, s. the day on which 
Christians commemorate our Savi- 
our's resurrection 
Easterly, 6's-ter-iy, a. coming from the 

east, towards the east 
Eastern, e's-tern, a. belonging to the 
east, oriental [east 

Eastward, est-ward, a. towards the 
Easy, e'-z^, a. not difficult, quiet, ere 
dulous [ — v. n. to take food 

Eat, etc, v.a. to feed upon, to consume 
Eaten, e't'n, part, devoured, consumed 
Eaves, e'v'z, s. the edges of the roof 

which overhang the house 
Eavesdrop, eVz-drop, v. a. to catch 

what comes from eaves 
Ebb, eV, s. to flow back to the sea 
Ebon, eV-6n, or Ebony, eb'-on-y", s. a 

hard valuable black wood 
Ebriety, e-bri'-e-t^, s. drunkenness 
Ebullition, e'-bul-h'sh'-nn, s. the act of 
boiling up [the centre, irregular 

Eccentric, gk-sen'-trik^. deviating from 
Eccentricity, ek-sen'-trfs'-f-ty, s. devia- 
tion from the centre 
Ecclesiastic, tik-kle-zl-as'-tik, a. relating 

to the church — s. a clergyman 
Echo, eY-kd, s. the repercussion of a 

Ecclaircissement, ek-klare-sYs'-ment, s. 

an explanation 
Eclat, e-kla', *. splendour, show, lustre 
Eclectic, e'!;-lek'-tek, a. selecting, choos- 
ing at will 
Eclipse, e-kl/p's, s, obscuration of the 

sun, moon, &"c. — v. a, Co disgrace 
Ecliptic, e-klip'-tik, s. the apparent or- 
bit of the earth [poem 
Eclogue, ek'-log, s. a pastoral or rural 
Economy, e-kon'-o-mV, s. frugality, dis- 
position of things [saving 
Economic, C-kbnom'-'ik, a. frugal, thrifty, 
Ecstacy, tk's-W-sy, s. excessive joy, rap- 
ture, enthusiasm • [porting 
Extatic,eks tat'-tk, a. enrapturing, trans- 
Edder, ecl'-der, s. top of fences 
Eddish, cd'-ish, s. latter grass 
Eddy, ed'-dy, s. turn of the water or 

wind, a whirlpool 
Edge, euzh', s. the sharp part of an in- 
strument, keenness [border 
Edging, edzh'-tng, s. a narrow lace, a 
Edge-tool, edzh'-tole, s. a tool made 

sharp to cut 
Edible, ed'-ib'l, a. fit to be eaten 
Edict, e-dikt, s. a proclamation, a de- 
cree [ment, instruction 
Edification, ef-ff-'i-ka'-shun, s. improve 
Edifice, £d'-i-fls, s. a fabric, a building 
Edify, ed'A'-fy, v. a. to instruct, to im- 
prove [magistrate 
Edile, e'-dTlc", s. the title of a Roman 
Edition, e-dtsh'-un, s. the impression of 

a book 
Editor, fecl'-Y-tor, ,?. one who revises or 

prepares a work for publication 
Educate, gd'-u-kate, v. a. to bring up, to 

Education, ^d-u-ka shtin, 5. the instruc- 
tion of youth 
Educe, e-dii'se, v. a. to bring out, to ex- 
tract [act of sweetening 
Edulcoration, e-dol-ko-ra'-shun, .1. the 
Eel, ele, s. a serpentine slimy fish 
Effable, ef -eb'l, a. expressive, utterable 
Efface, ef-f ase, v. a. to blot out to de- 
Effect, ef-f £kt', s. event produced, issue, 
reality — v. a. to bring to pass, to pro- 
duce * [serviceable 
Effective, ef-f ek', 
Effectual, ef-f ek'-tu-al, a. powerfui, ef- 
ficatious [to pass, to fulfil 
Effectuate, ef-f gk'-tu-ate, v. a. to bring 
Effeminancy, ef-f em'-l' na-s^, 5. unmanly 
delicacy, mean submission 

EIG [ 95 ] ELE 

siiSt, note, 16se, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Effeminate, e'f-fe'm'-t-ne't, a. womanish, i 

voluptuous, tender 
Effervesce, gffer-veV, v. n. to have an 

intestine motion excited 
Effervescence, gf-fer vgs-ens, ?. act of 

becoming hot by fermentation 
Efficacious, Zf-i f-ka-shus, a. powerful to 

produce the consequences intended 
Efficacy, ef -f l-ka-s^, s. ability or power 

to effect 
Efficient, e'f f fsh'-ent, s. the cause which 

makes e lects — a. causing effects 
Effigies, off Ydzh' Y-ez, 5. an effigy 
Effigy, ef '-tt-dzhy* , s. a resemblance, an 

image in painting or sculpture 
Efflorescent, ef-rld-res'-sent, a. shooting 

out in the form of flowers 
Effluent, ef'-flu-ent, a. flowing from, 

issuing out of 
Effluvia, ef-fl&'-vyS, s. small particles 

continually flying off from bodies 
Efflux, ef '-fluks," $. the act of flowing out 
Effort, e'f '-fort, s. a struggle, laborious 

endeavour [boldness 

Effrontery, gf'-fronj-ter-y', s. impudence, 
Effulgent, gfftiT-dzhent, a. shining, 

bright, luminous * [ing out, waste 
Effusion, Kf~f u'-shtin, ■<?. the act of pour- 
Eft, eft', .5. a newt, an evet 
Egg, eg', 6'. that which is laid by fea- 
thered animals, spawn or sperm — v.a. 

to incite, to instigate 
Eglantine, eg'-lan-tinc, s. a species of 

rose, swee; biier 
Egotism, e go-tizm, s. talk of one's self 
Egotize, e-gc-tlze, v. v. to talk much of 

one's self [bad, extraordinary 

Egregious, e-gre'-dzhus, a. eminently 
Egress, e-grfis, s. departure [out 

Egression, e-gre*sh' un, s. act of going- 
Ejaculate, e-dzhak'-u-late, v. a. to throw 

out, to shoot out 
Ejaculation, edzhak-u-la'-shun, s. a 

short fervent prayer 
Rjaculatory, e dzh,iiv"-u-la'-t6-ry\ a. sud- 
denly darted out, fervent, hasty 
Eject, e-dzhekt', v. a. to throw out, to 

cast forth 
Ejection, e-dzheV-shun, s. expulsion 
Ejectment, e-je'kt'-me'nt, s. writ of or- 
dering a pefson from a house, Sec. 
Eight, C'yht, a. twice four [united 

Eighteen, e'y'-tene, a. ten and einbt 
Eightfold, eyte' fold, a. eight times the 

number, &c. [twenty 

Eightscore, e*yte-sk5ir, a. eight times 
Eighty, ey-ty, a. eight times ten 

Either, e-ther; pron. one or the other 
Eke, k'ke. ad. also, besides — v.a. to 

increase, to fill up deficiencies 
Elaborate, e-lab'-o ret, a. finished with 
great laboui [away 

Elapse, e lap's, v. n. to pass or glide 
E'astic, e-las'-ttk; a. springing back 
Elasticity, e'-las-t!s"-T-ty,s.- force in bo- 
dies by which they endeavoui to re- 
store themselves 
Elate, e-late, a. flushed with, success — 

v. a, to puff up, to exalt 
Elation, e-la-shtin, s. haughtiness 
Elbow, eT-bo, s. the bendmg of the arm 

below the shoulder, an angle 
Elbowchair, eT-bo- tshare, s. a chair with 

Elder, eT-der, a. exceeding another in 
years — s. name of a well known tree 
Elders, el-derz, s. ancient rulers 
Eldest, el'-dest, a. the oldest, the first 
born [pla*it 

Elecampane, tl-e-kam-pa'np, s. a sort of 
Elect, e-le'kt', v. a. to choose, to select 
— a. chosen [of choosing 

Election, e-leV-shiin, s. the act or pewer 
Elective, e-leV-tiv, a. exerting the 
power of choice [in an election 

Elector, e-lek'-tor, s. he that has a vote 
Electoral, e-lek'-to-r&l, a. of or belong- 
ing to an elector [of an elector 
Electorate, e-lek'-to-ret, s. the territory 
Electric, e le'k-trik, a. belonging to 

Electricity, e leVtrfs'-i-ty, s. property 
in bodies which draws substances, 
and emits fire by friction 
Electuary, e lek'-tu ar-y, s. a medicine 

made of conserves and powers 
Eleemosynary, tie moz'-y-nar-^, a. liv- 
ing on charity [ing> neat 
Elegant, eT-e gant, a. beautiful, pleas- 
Elegiac, el-e-dzhy'-ak, a. used in elegies, 
mournful [poem 
Elegy, eT-e-dzhy 1 , s. a mournful pathetic 
Element, eT-e-me'nt, s. first principle, 
earth, fire, air, or water, proper ha- 
bitation, &c. of any thing, rudiments 
of literature or science [elements 
Elemental, et-e-men'-tal, a. produced by 
Elementary, el-e-men'-tar-y\ a. not com- 
pounded, simple [quadrupeds, ivory 
Elephant, el-e-fant, s. the largest of 
Elephantine, e'l-e-f an'-tin, a. pertaining 

to the elephant 
Elevate, eT-e'-vate, v. a. to raise up, to 
exalt, to make glad 


[ 96 ] 


Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chYn, chine, field, shirt- 

Elevate, eT-e' vet, part. a. exalted, elated 
Elevation, el-e-va"-shttn, s. the act of 

raising aloft, exhaltation, height 
Eleven, e-leVn, a. ten and one 
Elf, eif ', s. a fairy, a devil 
Elicit, e-hs'-tt, v.a. to strike out, to fetch 

out by labour — a. brought into act 
Eligible, eT-i-dztb'l, a. fit to be chosen 
Elision, e-lfzh'-un, s. act of cutting off 
Elixir, e-lfk'-sir, s. quintessence of any 

thing, any cordial 
Elk, elk', s. animal of the stag kind 
Ell, eT, s. a measure of a yard and a 

Ellipsis, el-ltp'-sfs, s. something left to 

be understood, an oval figure 
Elliptic, el-W p'-ttk, a. formed like an 

Elm, s. a tall timber tree 
Elocution, el-b-ku'-shttn, s. fluency of 

speech or diction, eloquence 
Elogy, eT-o-dzhy", g. praise, panegyric 
Elongate, e-16ng'-ate, v. a. to lengthen, 
to draw out [lengthening 

Elongation, e-long-a-shSn, s. the act of 
Elope, e-16'pc?, v. n. to run away, to 
break lose [restraint 

Elopement, e-lope-me'nt, s. escape from 
Eloquent, eT-b-kwe'nt, a. having the 
power of oratory [ad. otherwise 

Else, eTs, pron. other, one besides — 
Elsewhere, eTs-hware, ad. in another 
place [to clear up 

Elucidate, e-lu'-s?-date, v. a. to explain, 
Elude, e lu'de, v. a. toescape by arti 
fice, to shun [in the loins 

Elumbated, e-lttm'-ba -te'd, a. weakened 
Elusion, e-lu'-zhtin, s. escape from in- 
quiry, artifice 
Elusive, e-lu'-s?v, a. tending to elude 
Elysian, e-lfzh'-yan, a. pleasant, ex- 
ceedingly delightful 
Elysium, e lizh'-yBm, s. any place ex- 
quisitely pleasant [flesh, to waste 
Emaciate, e-ma'-shyate, v. n. to lose 
Emaculation, e-mak u la'-shttn, s. the 

act of freeing from spots or foulness 
Emanation, e'm'-a-na'-sh'un, 5. the act of 
issuing or flowing from another sub- 
stance, that which flows 
Emanative, gm'-a-na-tiv, a. issuing from 

Emancipate, e-man'-sf-pate, v. a. to set 

Emancipation, e-man'-sl'-pa'-shtin, s. a 
-setting free, a deliverance from 
•lavery or servitude ' 

Embalm, &m-bam, v-. a. to impregnate 

with aromatics 
Embarcation, em-bar-ka-shun, s. a put- 
ting or going on shipboard [sail 
Embargo, em-ba r-go, 5. a prohibition to 
Embark, em-bark, v. a. 10 put on ship- 
board, to engage— v. n. to go on ship- 
board [to distress 
Embarrass, etn-bar'-ras, v. a. to perplex, 
Embase, em-ba'se, v. a. to degrade, to 

Embassy, ^m' bas-sy", s. a public message 
Embattle, em-bat'J, v. a. to range in 

order of battle 
Embay, gm ba', v.a. to enclose in a bay 
Embellish, em beT-lfsh, v. a. to adorn 
Ember day, eW-ber-da, s. a day o! fast- 
ing and abstinence [ed, hot cinders. 
Embers, 6m'-bers,s. ashes unextinguish- 
Ember-week, em ber'-weke, s. a week in 

which an ember day falls 
Embezzle, em be'z'l, v. a. to steal pri- 
vately, to waste 
Emblaze, £m -blaze, v. a. to blazon, to 

paint with ensigns armorial 
Emblazon, em-bla'z'n, v. a. to adorn 
with figures of heraldry, to set off 
pompously, to deck 
Emblem, em'-blem, s. enamel, a repre* 

sentation, an illusive picture 
Emblematic, gm-ble-mat'-ik, a. allusive, 
using emblems (bold 

Embolden, em btfld'n, v. a. to make 
Emboss, &n-bos', v. a. to engrave with 
relief or rising work, to enclose, to 
hunt hard [the entrails 

Embowel, em-bow'-el, v. a. to take out 
Embrace, em-bra'se, v. a. to hold fondly 
in the arras, to encircle, to comprise 
— v. n. to join in an embrace- s. a 
clasp, a fond pressure 
Embrasure, em-bra-zh&'re, s. an aper- 
ture in fortifications for cannon, a 
battlement [a part diseased 

Embrocate, em'-bro-kace, v.a. to foment 
Embrocation, &n bro-ka'-shtin, s. a fo- 
mentation, a lotion 
Embroider, e'm-brbY-der, v. a. to deco- 
rate with figure work 
Embroidery, em-brol"'-der $, s. variega- 
ted needle work [confuse 
Embroil, em-brbt'l, v. a. to disturb, to 
Embryo, embr^-o, s. the child in the 
womb before it has perfect shape, any 
thing unfinished 
Emendation, &-me J a-da"-shun, s. correc- 
tion, alteration 


[ 97 ] 


shot, note, lose, act<Sr — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Emerald, e'm'-e'-r&ld, s. a green precious 

- stone 
Emerge, e-merdzh', v. n. to rise out 
Emergent, e-mer'-dzhent, a. rising out 

or into view or notice, sudden 
Emerods, fem'-er-tidz, s. painful swel- 
lings of the hemorrhoidal veins, piles 
Emersion, e-mer'-shun, $. act of rising 

into view again 
Emery, em'-er-y 1 , s. an iron ore 
Emetic, e-mgt'-Yk, a. provoking vomits 
Emigrant, em'-Y- grant, a. departing from 
a place, wandering. — s. one who emi- 
Emigrate, eYu'-Y-grate, v.n. to remove 

from one place to another 
Eminent, ein'-l-nent, a. high, exalted, 
dignified [agent 

Emissary, gm'-Ys sa>-y', s. a spy, a secret 
Emission, e-mYsh'-on, s. the act of throw- 
ing or shooting out [charge 
Emit, e-ruYt', v. a. to send forth, to dis- 
Emmet, gm'-me't, s. an ant, a pismire 
Emmollient, e-mbT-lye'nt, a. softening, 
supplying — s. what softens or relaxes 
and supples the solids 
Emotion, £-m6'-shun, s. disturbance of 

the mind, vehemence of passion 
Empale, empale, v. a. to fence with 
pales, to enclose, to put to death by 
fixing on a stake 
Empannel,£m-pan'-nel, v. a. to swear, 

&c. a jury 
Emperor, emp'-eror, s. a monarch su- 
perior to a king 
Emphasis, e'm'-fa-sYs, s. a remarkable 

stress laid upon a word or sentence 
Emphatic, em-f St' Yk, a. forcible 
Empire, gm'-plre, s. imperial power, 
command [sician, a quack 

Emperic, gm-pYr-Yk, s. a pretended phy- 
Empiricism, em-pYr' Y-sYzm, 5. quackery 
Emplead, e'm-ple'de, v. a. to indict, to 

prefer a charge against 
Employ, ^m-ploy^, v. a. to keep at work, 
to use — s. business, office or post of 
Emporium, em po-ryum, s. sl place of 
merchandize, a mart, a commercial 
city [make pool 

Empoverish, &n-pbv'-er-Ysh, v. a. to 
Empower, em-pow-er, v. a. to authorise 
Empress, e'm'-pre's, s. the wife of an em- 
peror, a female with imperial dignity 
Empty, emp'-ty", a. unfurnished, not 
full, ignorant [heavenly 

! Empyreal, gm-pyV-y&l, a.refined, aerial, 

Empyrean, em-pyr-e'-Sn, s. the highest 
heaven where the pure element of 
fire is supposed tc subsist 
Empyreum, e'm'-py'-rum, or Empyreu- 
ma, Sm-py-ru'-nvi, s. the burning of 
any matter in boiiing or di-tillation 
Emulate, em'-u-late, v. a. to rival, to 
imitate [sire of superiority 

Emulation, gm u-la'-shtin, s. rivalry, de- 
Emulative, em'-u li-tiv, a. inclined to 
emulation [peiitor 

Emnlator, gm'-u la-tor, s. a rival, a com* 
Emulge, e-muldzh', v. a. to milk out 
Emuigent, e.muT-dzhe'nt, a. milking or 
draining out [ous to excel 

Emulous, em'-u-lus, a. rivalling, desir-. 
Emulsion, e-moT-shuu, s. an oily, lubri- 
cating medicine 
Enable, gn a'b'l, v. a. to make able 
Enact, en&kt', v. a. to establish, to de- 
cree, to represent by action 
Enamel, e'n-am'-el, v.n. to inlay, to 
variegate with colours— 5. a substance 
used in enamelling [lova 

Enamour, gn-Sm'-ur, v. a. to inspire with 
Encamp, en-k&mp', v. n. to pitch tents 

— v . a. to form into a camp 
Encampment,e'n-ka , mp'-me'nt, s. an army 
in camp ' [a chain, to bind 

Enchain, en-tsha ne, v. a. to fasten with 
Enchant, en-tsh&'nt, v. a. to bewitch, 
to delight [an ornament 

Enchase, en-tsha'se, v.n. to adorn by 
Encircle, en-sirk'l, v. a. to environ, to 

enclose in a circle 
Enclitics, gn-klYt'-Yks, s. particles which 
throw back the accent upon the fore- 
going syllable [surround 
Enclose, gn-klo'se, v. a. to fense in, to 
Enclosure, en-kld'-zhure, s. the act of 
enclosing, separation into distinct 
possessions [praise 
Encomium,^n-ko'-myum, s. a panegyric, 
Encompas", en-kom'-pSs, v. a. to en- 
close, to encircle, to go round any 
Encore, ong-ko're, ad. again, once more 
Encounter, en-kSun'-ter, s. a duel, a 
battle, sudden meeting, casual inci- 
dent— v. a. to meet in a hostile man. 
ner, to attack, to meet by accident 
Encourage, e'n-ktir'-e'dzh, v. a. to ani» 

mate, to embolden 
Encroach, en-kro'tsh, v. a. to advance by 
stealth, to invade [impede 

Encuo>ber, gn-kum'-beV, t a to clog, to 





Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m&, her— chin, chine, field, shirt. - 

Encumberance, e'n-kun'-bre'ns, s. a clog, 
an impediment 

Encyclopaedia, en-sy-k!b-pe-dya, s. a 
complete circle of sciences 

End, £nd', s. extremity, conclusion, de- 
sign, death [to prejudice 

Endamage, 'en-dam'-e'dzh, v. a. to hurt, 

Endanger, gn dan dzher, v. a. to bring 
into peril, to hazard [or beloved 

Endear, en-de re, v. a. to render dear 

Endeavour, en deV-ur, s. an effort, a 
labour— v. n. to strive for some end 
— v. a. to attempt, to try 

Endemial, en-de'-myal, or Endemic,'en- 
de'm'-'ik, a. peculiar to a country as 
applied to diseases 

Endict, or Endite, en-di'te, v. a. to 
charge by a written accusation, to 
draw up, to compose — v. n. to com- 
pose [herb, succory 

Endive, en'-dfv, s. a common sallad 

Endorse, en-db'rs, v. a. to superscribe, 
to accept a bill 

Endorsement, gn-dbrs'-ment, s. confir- 
mation, writing on the back 

Endow, endow', v, a. to enrich with 
portion or excellence 

Endowment, en-dbw'-ment, 5. grant of 
a vicarage, gift of nature 

Endue. £n du', v. a. to supply with 
mental excellencies 

Endure, Sn'tiu're , v. a. to bear, sustain, 
support — v. n. to last, to continue, to 
brook [an adversary 

Enemy, Sn'-e-m^, s. a foe, an opponent, 

Energetic, fen-er-dzhet'-lk, a. forcible, 
vigorous [vigour 

Energy, en'-er-dzhy, s. power, force, 

Enervate, e-ner' vate, v. a. to deprive 
of force, to crush [enervate 

Enfeeble, fen-f e-b'l, v. a. to weaken, to 

Enfeoff, en-fef ', v. a. to invest with 
possessions [ters, to confine 

Enfetter, en-f et'-ter, v. a. to bind in fet- 

Enfilade, gn-f 1-la'de, s. a straight pas- 
* sage— v. a. to pierce in a right line 

Enforce, en-f orse, v. a. to strengthen, 
to urge — v. 71. to prove 

Enfranchise, en-frau'-tsmze,t;.a. to make 
free, to liberate 

Engage, gr*ga'dzb, v. a. to embark in 
an affair, to bind, to gain attenion, to 
employ, to encounter, to fight 

Engagement, en gadzh men: , s. em- 
ployment, a battle, a motive, an ob- 
ligation [to produce, to excite 

Engender, en-dzhen'-der, v. a. to beget^ 

Engine, en'-dzlrm,;?. a machine, an agent 
Engineer, Sn-dzhi nere, 5. one who ma- 
nages engines, or directs artillery 
English, mg'-li'sh, a. belonging to Eng 
land [bruise as with bail 

Engrail, en-gra'le, v. n. to batter or 
Engrave, en-gra'vf, v. a. to cut charac- 
ters or figures on copper, &c. 
Engraving, gn-gra'-vi'ng, s. a picture en- 
Engross, ^n-gro'se, v. a. to monopolize, 
to engage deeply, to copy in a large 
hand [or esteem, to aggravate 

Enhance, en-ha'ns, v. a. to raise in price 
Enigma, e-n¥g-ma, s. a riddle, an ob- 
scure question 
Enigmatical, e-ntg-mat'-'i-k'al, a. obscure 
Enjoin, en-dzhbYn, v. a. to order, to 

Enjoy, en-zhof, v. a. to feel or perceive 
with pleasure, to possess, to gladden 
— v. n. to live in happiness 
Enkindle, gn-kin'd'l, v. a. to set on fire, 
to inflame ^ [expatiate 

Enlarge, en-iardzh, v. a. to expand, to 
Enlargement, en-la'rdzta-ment, s. aug- 
mentation, copious discourse 
Enlighten, en-li't n, v. a. to illuminate, 
to instruct [make lively 

Enliven, en-liVn, v. a. to animate, to 
Enmity, en'-mf-ty, s. malevolence, ma- 
lice [elevate 
Ennoble, en-no'b'l, v. a. to dignify, to 
Enormity, S-nb'r-rhi-ty, s. greaf wicked- 
ness, villainy; 
Enormous, e'-nd'r-mus, a. irregular, very 

wicked, very large, out of rule 
Enough, e-niif ', a. sufficient— 5. a suiri- 

ciency — ad. sufficiently 
Enow, e-novr', plural of ^Enough, suffi- 
cient number 
Enquire, en-kwin?, v. n. to inquire 
Enrage, en-ra'dzh, v. a. to irritate, to 
provoke [port with pleasure 

Enrapture, £n rap'-ture, v. a. to trans 
Enrich, en-rttsh', v. a. to make rich, to 

Enripen, en-ri'p'n, v. a. to make ripe, to 

Enrobe, enrobe, v.a. to dress, to clothe 
Enrol, en-ro'le, v. a. to register, to re- 
cord, to involve [ter, a recoi»d 

Enrolment, e'n-rbwl'-me'nt, s. a regis* 
Ensample, en-sa'mp'l, s. an example, a 

pattern, a subject of irritation 
Enshrine, e'n-shrine, v. a, to preserve 
as a holy relic 


[ 99 1 


shot, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Ensign, fen'-slne, s. a flag or standard, 
the officer who carries it [liberty 
Enslave, en-slave, v. a. to deprive of 
Ensue, e'n su', v. a. to follow, to pur- 
sue- v.n. to follow as a consequence 
Ensure, en shu're, v. a. to engage, to 

Entablature, gn-taV-la-ture , or Entable- 
ment, gn-iab'l-ment, s. the architrave, 
frize, and cornice of a pillar 
Entail, fen-ta'le, s. an estate settled with 
regard to its descent, the rule of de- 
scent settled for any estate — v. a. to 
fix an estate unalienably 
Entangle, en-tang'i, v. a. to ensnare, to 

twist, to perplex 
Enter, en-ter, v. a. to go or come into, 

U5 imitate, to set d-O^n in writing 
Entering, en'-ter-Yng, s. a passage into 
a place [undertaking 

Enterprise, eV-ter-prize, s. a hazardous 
Entertain, gn-ter-ta'ne, v. a. to converse 
with, to treat at table, to amuse or 
divert, to foster in the mind 
Entertainment.e'n ter-ta'ne-ment,s. hos- 
pitable treatment, amusement 
Enthral, enthral', v. a. to enslave 
Enthrone, en thro'ne, v. a. to place on 
a throne, to exalt [imagination 

Enthusiasm, en thuzyKzm, s. heat of 
Enthusiast, en-thu-zySst, 5. one of a hot 
imagination or exalted ideas, a per- 
son mad with wild notions 
Enthusiastic, fen-thu-zyaV-tik, a. over- 
zealous in any thing, superstitious 
Entice, en-ti'se, v. a. to allure, to attract 
Entire, en tT're, a. whole, undivided 
Entitle, en-tlYl, v. a. to give a title or 
right to [real being 

Entity, fen'-ti-ty, s. a real existence, a 
Enioil, en toYl, v. a to ensnare, to per- 
plex [tomb, to bury 
Entomb, fen-tome, v. a. to put into a 
Entrails, en'-trels, s. the Dowels, the in- 
testines [i n g> an avenue 
Entrance, cn'-trens, 5. the act of enter- 
Kn ranee, en tra'ns, v. a. to put into a 
trance [take advantage of 
Entrap, hu trap', v. a. to ensnare, to 
Entreat, en-tre'te, v. n. to beg earnestly 
Entreaty, e'n-tre-ty, s. a petition, solici- 
tation [taking possession 
Entry, en'-try, $. a passage, the act of 
Entwine, gn-twi'ne, v. a. to. wreath to- 
gether, to twist 
Envelop, fen-vel-bp, v. a. to inwasg, to 
hide, to surround 

Envenom, en-ven'-6in, v. a. to poison, 

to enrage 
Envious, gn'-vyus, a. full of envy 
Environ, en-vi' ron, v. a. to surround 
Environs, en-vl ro'nz, s. neighbouring 
places [over distinctly 

Enumerate, e nu-mer-ate, v. a. to count 
Enumeration, e'-nu-mer-a"-shun, s. the 
act of counting over [to proclaim 
Enunciate,e nun'-shyate,t>.a. to declare, 
Enunciation, e'-ntin-shya"-shun, s. de- 
claration [rative, expressive 
Enunciative, e nun'-shya-tiv, a. decla- 
Euvoy, en'-vby, s. a public messenger 

below an ambassador 
Enure, en-u're, v. a. to accustom, to 

bring iuto use 
Envy, en'-v<-, v. a. to repine at the hap- 
piness of others, to hate because of 
superiority of success — s. vexation at 
another's good 
Epact, &-'p£kt, s. eleven days of the so- 
Jar above the lunar year, a Hebrew 
measure [fortification 

Epaulment, e*pal-ment, s. asidework in 
Ephemera, e-fe'm'-e ta, s. a fever that 
terminates in one day, an insect that 
lives only one day [in a day 

Ephemeral, e-f em'-e-r'al,ar. diurnal, done 
Ephemeris, fe-f em'-e-ris, s. account of 

the daily motions of the planets 
Ephemerist, e-f em'-e-rlst, s. one who 
studies astronomy [Jewish priests 
Ephod, ef'-od, s. an ornament worn by 
Epic, e'p'-fk, a. containing narrative, 
heroic [sexes 

Epicene, £p'-Y-s£ne, a. common to both 
Epicure, £p-f ku're, s. a person given 

wholly to luxury 
Epicurean, Sp-i-ku-re'-^n, 5. a follower 
of Epicurus — a. luxurious, contri- 
buting to luxury [vailing 
Epidemic, ep-i-dem'-lk, a. generally pre- 
Epigram, Sp'-i-grarn, s. a short pointed 
poem [lating to epigrams 
Epigrammatic, e'p-Y-gram -mai'-ik, a. re- 
Epilepsy, ep'-f-lep sy\ s. a convulsion 
with loss of sense [an epilepsy 
Epileptic, ep-llfe'p'-tfk, a. affected with 
Epilogue, ep'-t-log, s. a speech at the 

end of a play 
Epiphany, a-ptf'-a-ny,s. the twelfth day 

after Christmas 
Episcopacy, e-pYs'-ko-psi-sy, s. govern 
ment of bishops [bishop 

Episcopal, e-p'is'-ko ual, a. relating to a 

EQU [ 100 ] ERR 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar— met, desist, m&, h£r— chm, chine, field, shirt.-^ 

Episcopalian, e-pis-ko-pa'-lyan,a. having 
bishops — s. an advocate for episco- 

Episode, ep'-t-sod^, s. a digression or 
incidental narrative [episode 

Episodic, gp-f-sod'-ik, a. contained in an 

Epistle, e-pfs'l, s. a letter 

Epistolary, e-pYs'-to-lar-y, a. relating to 
or transacted by letters [scription 

Epitaph, ep'-f-taf, s. a monumental in- 

Epithalamium, ep-'i-tha-la'-my&m, s. a 
nuptial song [noting a quality 

Epithet, e'p'-l-tne't, s. an adjective de- 
Epitome, e-ptt'-6-me, s. an abridgment 

Epitomise, e-pft'-d-mlze, v. a. to ab- 
stract, to abridge 

Epoch, ep'-6k, or Epocha, ep'-d-ka, s. the 
time from which dates are numbered 

Epode, gp'-ode, s. the stanza following 
the strophe and antistrophe in an ode 

Epopee, gp-o-pe', s. an epic or heroic 
poem [feast 

Epulation, ep-u-la-shun, s. a banquet, a 

Equability, e'-kwa-bil"-i-ty, s. evenness, 

Equable, e'-kweb'l, a. equal to itself, 
even, uniform 

Equal, e -kwal, a. adequate, alike, even, 
uniform— s. one of the same age or 
rank —v. a. to make or be equal to 

Equalise, e-kwal-Ize, v. a. to make equal 

Equality, e kwal'-it-^, s. likeness, uni- 

Equanimity, &'-kwa-nim"-l-ty", s. even- 
ness of mind 

Equation, e-kwa'-shun, s. the bringing of 
things to an equality 

Equator, e-kwa'-t6r, s. a great circle 
which divides the globe into two 
equal parts, north and south 

Equatorial, e-kw&-to"-ryal, a. pertain- 
ing to the equator [horse 

Equerry, e-kwer'-y\ s. master of the 

Equestrian, e-kweV-trf-an, a. pertaining 
to a horseman or knicht, belonging to 
the second rank in Rome 

Equidistant, e-kw?-dts"-tant, a. being at 
the same distance [form equality 

Equiformity, e-kwi-ftf"r-mi ty\ s. uni- 

Equilateral, e-kwi-lat"-er-al, a. having 
all sides equal 

Equilibrium, e'-kwi-lm'-rt-tim, s. equa- 
lity of weight, equipoise 

Equinoctial, e-kwY-nbY'-shyal, s. an 
imaginary line in the heavens, which 
answers to the equator — a. pertain- 
ing to the equinox 

Equinox, ti-kwV-n&ks, s. the time when 
the day and night are equal 

Equip, fc-kwYp', v. a. to accoutre, to fit, 
to furnish 

Equipage, eV-wt-pgdzh, s. horses and 
carriages, retinue, accoutrements 

Equipment, e-kwYp'-ment, s. the act of 
accoutring or equipping 

Equipoise, e-kwlp5tz, s. an equality of 
weight or force 

Equipollent, e-kwtpoT-lent, a. having 
equal power or force 

Equiponderant, e'-kwf-pon"-der-e'nt, a. 
of equal weight 

Equiponderate, 6'-kwf-pon".deT-ate, v.n. 
to weigh equally 

Equitable, fek-wt-teb'l, a. just, candid 

Equity, eV-wt-ty", s. justice, right, ho- 

Equivalent, e-kwiv'-al-ent, a. equal in 
value or force— 5. a thing of the Same 
value |[uncertain 

Equivocal, e-kwfv'-d-kal, a. ambiguous, 

Equivocate, e-kwfv'-6-kate, v. n. to use 
doubtful expressions 

Equivocation, e-kwtv-o ka-shun, s. am- 
biguity of speech _ [equivocates 

Equivocator, e-kw1v'-6-ka-tor,s. one whe 

Era, &'-ra, s. an epoch, a point of time 

Eradiation, e-ra-dl-a'-shun, s. a sending 
forth brightness 

Eradicate, e-r&d'-l-kate, v. a. to pull up 
by the root, to destroy 

Eradication, e-rad-1-ka"-shun, s. the act 
of rooting up [punge 

Erase, e-ra'se, 0. a. to destroy, to ex- 

Ere, en?, ad. and a. before, sooner 

Erect, e-rgkt, v. a. to place perpendi- 
cularly, to raise, to build — v.n. to 
rise upright — a. upright, bold 

Erection, e-reY'-shun, s. a raising up or 

Eremit, eV-e-mlte, s. an hermit 

Eremitical, eY-e-mft'-f kal, a. religiously 
solitary, retired [holly 

Eringo, g-ri'ng'-6, s. a plant called sea- 

Ermine, er'-min, s. a sort of animal, or 
its fur [mine 

Ermined, eY-m'm'd, a. clothed with er- 

Erod, erode, v. a. to canker, to eat 
away [bestowing 

Erogation, er-d-ga-shun, s. a giving 01 

Erozion, e-ro'-zhun, s. the act of eating 

Err, ev v , v. n. to.stray, to mistake 

'E/Tarvd, er'-rand, s. a message 

E: ; r?rt, er'-rent, a. wandering, vile 


[ 101 ] 


shot, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, r>e — thus, thick. 

Errantry, eV-rent-ry, $. an errant state, 

employment of a knight errant 
Errata, eY-ra'-tl, s. a notice of faults in 
printing, &c. [lar 

Erratic, eY-rat'-fk, a. wandering, irregu- 
Erratum, eY-ra'-tum, s. error of the press 
Erroneous, iY-ro-nyus, a. subject to or 
full of errors [irregular course 

Error, eY'-rdr, s. a mistake, a blunder, an 
Erst, erst', ad. at first, when time was 
Erubescent, eY-u-beV-seiit, a. reddish 
Eructation, e-ruk-ta' shun, s. a belch, a 
sudden burst of wind [knowledge 
Erudition, er-u-dtsh'-un, s. learning, 
Eruginous, e i u'-dzhYnus, a. coppery, 
rusty [hostile excursions, pustules 
Eruption, e-riip'-shtin s. a bursting forth, 
Eruptive, e-rup'tiv, a. bursting forth 
Erysipelas, eY-y-sip-e-laz, s. a hot and 

sharp eruptive humour 
Escalade, es-ka-lade, s. the act of scal- 
ing walls [fish 
Escallop, es-kal-6p, s. a sort of shell 
Escape, es kape, v. a. to avoid — v. ru 
to get out of danger or confinement 
— s. a flight, a getting out of danger. 
' a mistake [healed 
Eschar, eV-kaY, s. a mark upon a wound 
Escharotic, es-k^-rbt'-ik, a. caustic.burn- 

Escheat, es tshe'te, s. what falls to a 
lord within his manor by forfeiture, 
or the death of a person dying with- 
out heir [to shun 
Eschew, eVtshu', v. a. to flee, to avoid, 
Escort, eV-kort', s. a convoy, a guard 
Escort, e's-kb'rt, v. a.\ to convoy, to 

guard from place to place 
Escritoir, e's-kru-toYe, s. a kind of desk 

upon drawers 
Escuage, eg-ku' adzh, 5. service of the 

shield, a sort of knight's service 

Esculent, &>-ku-lent, a. good for food 

Escutcheon, es-kutsh'-un, s. a shield 

with arms [planted in rails 

Espalier, e's-paT-yer, s. dwarf trees 

Especial, eVpe'sh'-dl, a. principal, chief 

Esp'anade, es-plii na'de, s. void place in 

front of building [pousals 

Espousal, e's-pbu-za 7 . a. relating to es- 

Espo-'sals, es pou z^'s, s. the act of af- 

,'u-t«eing a man anc a woman to each 

other [to defend 

Espouse, e's-pbu'z, v. a. to marry,, to wed, 

Espy,, fes-py', v. a. to see at a distance, 

to watch [a knight 

Esqaire, e's-kwiYf, s. a title nest below 

Essay, es sa, v. a. to attempt, to endea- 
vour, to try — s. au attempt, an en- 
deavour, experiment 
Essence, es'-sens, s. the existence, na- 
ture, or substance of any tiling, chief 
properties or virtues, a perfume, a 
scent — v. a. to perfume, to scent 
Essential, eVseYi'-shal//. necessary, very 
important— s. existence, a chief point 
Essoign, gs-sbYn, s. an excuse for non- 
appearance [firmly, to found 
Establish, e's t&b' ltsh, v. a. to settle 
Estate, e's-ta'te, s. a fortune, rank, con- 
dition of life 
Esteem, este'mp, v. a. to value, to 
prize, to regard — s. high value in opi- 
nion, regard [esteem 
Estimable, es'-tYmeb'l, a. worthy of 
Estimate, eV-ti-matP, v. a. to set a va- 
lue on, to compute [valuation 
Estimate, es'-ti-met, s. a computation, a 
Estimation, e's-ti ma'-shun, s. value, 

computation, opinion, regard 
Estival, eV-ti-val, a. of or for the summer 
Estrange, es-tra'ndzh, v. a. to keep at a 

distance, to alienate from affection 
Estray, e's-tra', s. a stray tame beast in 

a manor 
Estuary, e's'-tu-aY-y, s. a frith, an arm of 
the sea [by means of aquafortis 

Etch, etsh', v. a. to engrave on copper 
Eternal, e-ter-n&l, a. perpetual, un- 
changeable— s. the Almighty 
Eternalize, e ter'-na-lize, v. a. to make 
eternal [out end 

Eternity, e-ter'-ni-ty, s. duration with- 
Ether, e'-ther, s. air refined or sublim- 
ed, a pure element [heavenly 
Ethereal, e-the-ry&l, a. formed of ether, 
Ethic, feYh'-Yk, a. moral, relating to mo- 
Ethics, eYrV-'iks, s. doctrine of morality 
Ethnic, feYh'-nik, a. heathen, pagan 
Etymological, ety-mo-lodzh'-l-Eai, a. re- 
lating to etymology 
Etymology, eY-y-moT-d-dzhy', s. the de- 
rivation of words [mitive word 
Etymon, et'-y-mon, s. the origin, a pri- 
Evacuate, e-v&k'-u-ate, v. a. to empty, 
to make void, to quit [charge 
Evacuation, e-vaVu-a'-shvin, s. a dis- 
Evade, e-va'de, v. a. to elude, to avoid, 
to equivocate — v. n. to practise eva- 
Evanescent, e -va'-ne's'-seYit, a. vanishing, 

K 3 

EVI [ 102 ]\ EXC 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m6, her — chin, chine, field, shirt.— 

Evangelic, e-van-dzheT-tk, a. agreeable 

to the gospel [of gospel history 

Evangelist, e- van dzhg-l'/st, s. a writer 

Evangelize, e-van dzhe-lize, v. a. to 

preach the gospel 
Evaporate, e-v&p'-o-rate, v. n. to fly away 
in fumes or vapours — v. a. to drive 
away in fumes 
Evaporation, e-vap'-6-ra'-shun, s. a fly- 
ing away in fumes [excuse 
Evasion, e-va'-zhtin, s. a subterfuge, an 
Evasive, e-va'-s\'v, a. elusive, equivocat- 
ing [! hanks, the Lord's Supper 
Eucharist, fc'-ka-r!st,s. the act of giving 
Eucharistical,u-k<£-ris' ti-kal, a. relating 

to the Lord's Supper 
Eve, &'v, s. close of the day, the day be- 

fore a festival 
Even, e'v'n, a. level, uniform, calm — s. 
the close of the day [tial, equitable 
Evenhanded, e'v'n handed, a. impar- 
Evening, ei'v-n'mg, .<?. the close of the 
day [worship used in the evening 

Evensong, e'v'n-song, s. the form of 
Event, e-vgnt', s. an end, incident, con- 
sequence, issue [evening 
Eventide, e'v'n-tTde, s. the time of the 
Eventilate, e-ven'-fi'-late, v. a. to win- 
now, to sift out, to discuss 
Eventual, e-ven'-tu al, a. consequential, 
accidental [always 
Ever, eV-er, ad. at any time, for ever 
Evergreen, eV-er-grene, s. a shrub or 

plant having verdure all the year 
Everlasting, eV-er-last'-Ing, s. eternity, 
duration — a. eternal [eternally 

Evermore, 8v-£r-md're, ad. always, 
Eversion, e ver'shun, s. the act of over- 
Evert, e-veVt', v. a. to destroy 
Every, eV-er-y", a. each, one of all 
Everywhere, eV-er-y-hware, ad. in all 
places [sentence of law 

Evict, e-vfk't, v. a. to take away by a 
Eviction, e-vtk'-shtin, s. dispossession 

by law, proof, conviction 

Evidence, eVi-dens', s. state of being 

clear, testimony, proof [notorious 

Evident, eV-t-dent, a. plain, apparent, 

Evil, 6V1, a. wicked, bad, mischievous 

— s. wickedness, mischief, calamity 
Evince, e-vln's, v. a. to prove, to make 

Evincible, e vYn'-s l ib , l,«. capable of proof 
Eviscerate, e-v¥s'-ser ate, v. a. to em- 
bowel, to search 
Evitate, eV-1-tate, v.a. to avoid, to shun 

Eulogy, u'-lb" dzhy, s. praise, encomium 
Eunuch, u'-nuk, *. one that is emascu- 
lated [or from 
Evocation, ev-6 ka'-shun, s. a calling out 
Evoke, e-vo'ke, v. a. to call out, to sum- 
Evolve, e-volv', v. a. to unfold, to dis- 
Evolution, eVd-lu'-shtin, s. an unfold- 
ing, a motion made by a body of men 
in changing their posture 
Euphony , u-f 6-nyV. an agreeable sound 
Euroclydon, u-r6k'-ly"-dun, s. a tempes- 
tuous north-east wind [Europe 
European, u ro-p£'-an, a. belonging to 
Eurus, &'-rus, s. the east wind 
Evulsion, e-vtiT-shttn, s. the act of pluck- 
ing out 
Ewe, &', s. a female sheep 
Ewer, fi'-er, s, a vessel in which watei 

is brought for washing the hands 
Exact, Sks-Skt', a. nice, methodical, ac- 
curate —v. a. to force, to extort — v.n. 
to practice extortion 
Exaction, e'ks-ak'-shun, ». extortion, a 

severe tribute 
Exaggerate, eks-adzh'-er-ate, v. a to 

heighten, to aggravate, to enlarge 
Exaggeration, gks-adzh-er-a-shun/s. tlfi 

act of exaggerating 
Exagitate, Sks-adz'-l-tate, V. a. to shake, 

to put in motion 
Exalt, e"ks-a'lt, v. a. to raise on high, to 

lift up, to elevate, to extol 
Exaltation, feks-al-ta'-shun, s. the act of 

Examination, e'ks-am-f-na'.shun, s. cri- 
tical disquisition, a questioning, a 
trial or proof [aminer, an inquirer 
Examinator, fe'ks-am'-'l'-na-tdr, s. an ex- 
Examine, e'ks-am-'in, v. a. to ask ques- 
tions, to consider [del, a precedent 
Example, Sks-a'mp'l, s. a pattern or mo- 
Exanimate, £ks-&n'f-m£t, a. dead, spi- 
ritless [voke, to enrage, to vex 
Exasperate, ^ks-as'-per-ate, w. a. to pro- 
Exasperation, £ks-8s-per a'-shim, s. a 
strong provocation [from flesh 
Excarnate, Sks-k&'r nate, v. a. to clear 
Excavate, feks-ka-vate, v. a. to hollow 
Exceed, £k s&'de,^. a. to go beyond, to 

excel — v. n. to go too far 
Exceeding, %k-c,& -ding, part, a. great in 
quantity, &c. [be eminent 

Excel, t'k-seT, v. a. to surpass— v. n. to 
Excellence, e'ks-el-le'n's, s. state of ex- 
celling, goodness, rank 

EXC [103 ] EXH 

sh5t, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Excellent, gk-sel-leht, a. of great vir- 
tue or worth, eminent 
Except, e'k-sept', v.a. to leave out — v.n. 
- to make objections [an objection 

Exception, £k-sep'-shun, s. an exclusion, 
Exceptionable, gk sep'-shun-eb'l, a. lia- 
ble to objection 
Exceptor, 8k-sep'-t.6r, s. one who objects 
Excerpt, gk-s6rpt', a. gleaned, picked 
Excess, e'k-seV, 5. more than enough, 

iutemperance {bounds 

Excessive, eVses'-siv, a. beyond due 
Exchange, gks-tshandzh, v. a. to give 

and take reciprocally, to barter — s. 

act of bartering, balance of money of 

different nations, where merchants 

Exchequer, Sks-tsheY-eV, s. the court to 

which are brought all the revenues 

belonging to the crown 
Excise, gk-sTze, s. a tax levied upon 

Exciseman, gk-sfze-man, s. an officer 

who inspects exciseable commodities 
Excision, Sk-sfzh'-tin, s. extirpation 
Excitation, gk-sf-ta'-shun, s. the act of 
. exciting or stirring up [courage 

Excite, Sk-sl'te, v. a. to rouse, to en- 
Exclaim, gks-kla'me, v. ??. to cry out 
Exclamation, elcs-kla-ma'-shrjn, s. an 

outcry, a clamour, a mark after a 

pathetic sentence, thus ! 
Exclamatory, Sks-klam'-a-tor-^, a* per 

taining to exclamation 
Exclude, Sks-klu'de. v. a. to shut out, 

to debar, to except 
Exclusion, elis-klu'-zhiin, s. the act of 

shutting out, a rejection [cepting 
Exclusive, gks-klu'-stv, a. debarring, ex- 
Excogita-.e, Sks-kSdzh'-l-tate, v. a. to 

invent [v. a. to censure, to exclude 
Excommunicate, eks-kom-mu-hi'-kate, 
Excommunication, 6ks kfim-mu-nt-ka'- 

shiSn, s. an ecclesiastical interdict 

Excoriate, gks-ko-ryate, v. a. to strip 

off the skin [skin, plunder 

Excoriation, gks-ko-rya'-shtin, s. loss of 

Excrement, feks'-kre-ment, s. human 

soil, dung, &c. [out irregularly 

.Excrescent, Sks-kres'-sent, a. growing 

Excretion, e'ks-krt-shun, s. ejection of 

animal substance [ture, to torment 

Excruciate, Sks-kru'-shyate, v. a. to tor- 

Excubation, gks-ku-ba'-shlin, s. the act 

of watching all night 
Exculpate, gks-km'-pate, v. a. to clear 
from imputation 

Excursion, feks-ktir'-shun, s. a digres- 
sion, a ramble 
Excuse, gks-kuze, v. a. to extenuate by- 
apology, to remit, to pardon 
Excuse, eks-ku se, s. a plea, an apology, 

a cause for which one is excused 
Excuss, Sks-ktis', v. a. to seize and de- 
tain by law [wish ill to 
Execrate, gk-se-krate, v. a. to curse, to 
Execration, Sk-se-kra'-shun, s. a curse 
Execute, eV-se-kute, v.a. to perform, 

to put to death 
Execution, ek -se-ku'-shtLn, s. a perform- 
ance, a seizure, a death inflicted by 
forms of law [to ac£ 

Executive, Sks-fek-u-t'iv, a. having power 
Executor, gks-eY-u-tor, .5. he that is in- 
trusted to perform the will of the 
testator [copy- 

Exemplar, e'ks-e'm'-plar, s. a pattern, a 
Exemplary, £ks em-plar-tf, a. serving 

for example, worthy of imitation 
Exemplification, &ks-em'-phf-y-ka'-shiin, 

s. a copy, a transcript 
Exemplify, gks em'-ph-fy, v. a. to illus- 
trate by example, to copy 
Exempt, els-empt', v.a. to privilege, to 
free from [immunity 

Exemption, Sks-emp'-shtin, s. privilege, 
Exequies feks' e-kwtfz, s. funeral rites 
Exercent, e'ks-eY-se'nt^. practising, fol- 
lowing a calling 
Exercise, gks'-er-size, s. labour, practice, 
performance — v. a. to employ, to 
tiain by use L cise, practice, use 

Exercitation, Sks-er s'l-td-shun, s. exer- 
Exert, gks-ert', v. a. to use with effort, 

to enforce, to perform 
Exertion, e^s-er'-shon, 5. the act of ex- 
erting, an effort [through 
Exesion, gks-e'-zhbn, s. the act of 1 
Exfoliate, e'ks-fo'-lyate, v. ;>. to shell 
off, to pull off [pour 
Exhalation, e'ks-ha-la'-shun, s. fume, va- 
Exhale, e"ks hale, v. a. to send or draw 
out vapours [tally, to waste 
Exharst, Sks-ha'st, v. a. to draw out to- 
Exhibit, tks hib'-Tt, v. a. to produce, to 

show, to display 
Exhibition, Sks-hUb-tsh'-iin, s. the act 0/ 

exhibiting, display, salary 
Exhilarate, eks-hll'-a-rate, v. a. ko make 
cheerful [action 

Exhort, Sks-ho'rt, v. a. to incite' to am 
Exhortation, £ks*hor-ta'-shun, s. an in- 
citement [to exhort 
Exhortatory, e'ks-hb'r-ta-tor-y'j.a serving 

EXP [ 104 ] EXP 

Sounds. — bat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, m3, her — chSti, chine, field, shirt — 

Exigence, e"k-sl-ge"ns, s. pressing neces- 
sity, sudden occasion [ness, a writ 
Exigent, gk'-st-dzhSnt, s. pressing busi- 
Exiguous, e^ks-ig'-u-us, s. small, diminu- 
Exile, e'ks'-ile, s. banishment 
Exiie, eY-sile, v. a. to banish, to trans- 
Exist, gks-fet',i>.7?.to be, to have a being 
Existence, e'ks-'ist'-ens, s. state of being 
Existent, e'ks-fs'-te'nt, a. in being, in 
1 possessionof being 
Exit, feks'-'it, s. a departure, death 
Exodus, fks' 6-dus, s. the second of the 

books of Moses 
Exonerate, &ks-on'-er-ate, v. a. to un- 
load, to disburden 
Exoneration, gks-on-er-a'-sltiin, s. the 

act of disburdening 
Exop'able, feks-op'-teb'l, a. desirable 
Exorable, elts'-c-reb'l, be moved by 
1 intieaty [extravagant 

ExorbitantJdks-o'r-bt-te'nt, a. excessive, 
Exorcise, e^s-or-sTze, v. a. to abjure, to 

cast out evil spirits 
Exorcist, Sks-or-sust, s. an enchanter, a 
i dispeller of evil spirits 
Exordium, Sks-or-d^um, s. an intro- 
duction to a discourse 
Exotic, e'ks-bt'-lk, a. foreign— s. a fo- 
reign plant [lay open 
Expand, eks pand', v. a. to spread, to 
Expanse, eks-p<in's, s. an even body 

widely expanded 

Ex pan. ion, tks-pan'-shun, s. the act of 

spreading out, extent [spreading 

Expansive, £ks-pan'-s'iv, a. extensive, 

Expatiate, eks-pa-shyate, v. ??. to range 

at large, to enlarge on - 
Expatriate, eks-pa-trf-ate,t>. a. to banish 
Expect, wait or look for 
Expectant, eks-peY-tent, a. wailing in 
expectaiion — s. one who waits or ex- 
pects [of expecting 
Expectation, e'ks-pe'k-ta-shun, s. the act 
Expectorate, eks-pSk'-torate, v. a. to 

eject from the breast 
Expectoration, Sks-peY-tc-ra-shun, s. a 

discharge by coughing 
Expedient, e'ks-pe'ayent, a. fit, proper, 

quick — s. means, away, a device 

Expedite 8ks' pe-dite, v. a. to facili- 

tae, to dispatch — a. quick, ready, 

active [warlike enterprise 

Expedition, e'ks-pe-dish'-un, s. speed, 

Expedmous, gks'-D^-dlsh-us, a. quick, 

swift, alert 

Expel, eks-peT, v. a. to drive out, to 
eject, to banish 

Expend, e'ks-pe'nd', v. a. to lay out, to 
spend, to consume [ney expended 

Expense, e'ks-pe'ns', s. cost, charges, mo- 
Expensive, e'ks-pen-sfv, a. given to ex- 
pense, costly 

Experience, gks-pe'-ryens, s. practical 
knowledge — v. a. to try, to know by 
practice [ful by practice 

Experienced, gks-p&'-ryenst, part, skil- 

Experiment, Sks-peV-l'-ment, s. trial, 

Experimental, e'ks-pe'r-f-me'n-tal, a. 
known by or founded on experiment 

Expert, feks-pert, a. skilful, ready, dex- 
terous [crime 

Expiate, eks'-pi-ate, v. a. to atone for a 

Expiation, eks-pi-a'-shmi, s. the act of 
expiatiug, atonement 

Expiatory ,eks"-p1-^-t6r'-y, a. having the 
power of expiation [an end,death 

Expiration, eks-pi-ra-shnn, s. breathing, 

Expire, eks-pl're, v. a. to breathe out, to 
exhale — v. n. to die 

Explain, eks-pla'ne, v. a. to illustrate, 
to clear up 

Explanation, e'ks-pla-na'-shun, s. the act 
of making plain, a note 

Explanatory, e'ks-plan'-a-tor-^, a. con- 
taining explanation 

Expletive, eks' ple-tiv, 5. something 
used only to take up room 

Explicate, gks-ph'-kate, v. a. to unfold, 
to explain 

Explication, e'ks'-plt-ka'-shiin, s. act of 
unfolding or explaining 

Explicit, eks-piis'lt, a. unfolded, clear, 
plain [scorn and disdain 

Explode, gks-plode, v. a. to treat with 

Exploit, gks-plot't, s. an achievement, a 
great action [to examine 

Explore, ^ks-plo're, v. a. to search into, 

Explosion, eks-pld'-2hun,s\ a loud report 

Explosive, eks-plo-sfv, a. driving out 
with noise, &c. [a country 

Export, elvS-po'rt, v. a. to carry out o* 

Export, e'ks'-port, s. a commodity sen* 
to a foreign market 

Exportation, gks-por-ta-shun, s. the act 
of carrying out commodities 

Expose gks-poze, v. a, to lay open, to 
make liable, to put in danger, to cen- 

Exposition, e'ks-po-z'ish'-un, s. situation, 
an explanation 

Expositor, feks-poz'-i-tor, s. an explainer 


t 105 ] 


shbt, note, 16se, act6r— hilt, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

^s*- ++-*--+-*^^+-+ 

Expostulate, e:ks-p&s-tu-late,v.w. to de- 
bate, to argue 
Expostulation, gks-postu-la'-shun, s. a 

debate without anger 
Exposure, gks-pd'-zhure,s. the act of ex- 
posing, situation as to sun and air 
Expound, gks-p&u'nd, v. a. to explain 
Express, Sks-prfeV, v.a. to represent, to 
pronounce, to denote, to squeeze out 
— a. plain, clear, in direct terms— s. a 
messenger, message sent [be uttered 
Expressible, Sks-pre's.s'ib'l, a. that may 
Expression, 6ks-prgsh'-un,s. a represen- 
tation, a word or phrase, a mode of 
speech, the act of squeezing out 
Expressive, Sks-prfes'-slv, a. proper to 

express, strong 
Exprobration, gks-pro-bra-shun, s. re- 
proachful accusation 
Expropriate, eks-prd-pil'-ate, v. a. to 
part with, to give [assault 

Expugne, eks-pa'ne, ©. a. to take by 
Expulse, gks-pul's, ». a. to expel, to 
drive out [ling or driving out 

Expulsion, Sks-pul'-shun, s. act of expel- 
Expulsive, £ks ptil'-s'iv, a.having power 

to expel 
Expuuge, Sks-prmdzh, v. a. to blot out 
Expujgatory, gks-pui'-ga-tdr-y', a. em 

ployed in purging or purifying 
Exquisite, gks'-kwfz-ft, a. excellent, 

choice, consummate 
Exsiccate, Sks-stk'-ate, v. a. to dry 
Exsudation, £ks-su- da-shun, s. a sweat- 
ing, an extillation 
Extant, £k'-st&ut, a. standing above the 

rest, now in being 
Extatic, £k-3t&t'-lk, a. rapturous 
Extemporary, Sks-tSm'-po-rar-y, a. not 
premeditated [premeditation 

Extempore, gks-tem'-po-re, a. without 
Extemporize, Sks tfem'-p5-rlze, v. a. to 

speak extempore 
Extend, e'ks-te'nd', v. a. to stretch out, 
to enlarge, to diffuse [extended 

Extensible, fcks-teri'-stb'l, a. that may be 
Extension, feks-ten'-shun, s. the act of 
extending [diffusive 

Extensive, Sks-teV-sfv, a. wide, large, 
Extent, Sks-tSnt', s. the circumference 
of any thing, a seizure [to palliate 
Extenuate. e*ks-teri-u-ate, v. a. to lessen, 
Extenuation, fcks-tSn-u a-shtin,s. pallia- 
tion, mitigation [ternal 
Exterior, &ks-te'-ry6r, a. outward, ex- 
Exterminate, £ks-ter'-rnin-ate, v. a. to 
root out, to drive away 

Extermination, Sks-ter-rhi'-na-shun, *. 

destruction, excision [ble 

External, Sks-ter'-naM, a. outward, visi- 

Extinct, gk-stfngkt', a. extinguished, 

Extinction, gk-sWngk'-shun, s. the act of 
quenching or extinguishing, destruc- 
tion, suppression 
Extinguish, Sk-stmg'-gw'ish, v. a. to 

quench, suppress, destroy 
Extirpate, ek-stir-pate, v. a. to root out, 

to destroy 
Extirpation, gks-tir-pa-shun, s. the act 

of rooting out, excision 
Extol, eks-toT, V. a. to praise, to mag- 
nify, to celebrate 
Extort, Sks-to'rt, v. a. to draw or gain 
by force— v. n. to practise oppression 
or usury 
Extortion, Sks-tor-shtin, s. an unlawful 
exaction of more than is due, op- 
Extortioner, &ks-tbr'-shon er, s. one 

who exacts more than his due 
Extra, gks'-tra, ad. without, foreign 
Extract, Sks-trakt', v. a. to draw out of, 
to select — s/the substance extracted, 
the chief heads drawn from a book 
Extraction, Sks-traV-shtin, s. a drawing 

out, lineage 
Extrajudicial, e"ks tra-dzhu-dish-y&l, a» 

out of the course of law 

Extramundane, gks-trS-mfcin'-dane, ar. 

beyond the limits of the material 

world [substance, foreign 

Extraneous, e:ks-tra-nyus,a. of different 

Extraordinary, eks-trar-d'i-nar-y\. a. 

eminent, not common 
Extraparochial, &ks trft-par-d'-ky&l, a. 

out of the parish bounds 
Extraregular, Sks-tra-j^g'-u-ldr, a. Lot 

subject to rule 
Extravagance, gks traV-a-geirs, s, waste, 

idle expence, outrage 
Extravagant, £ks trav'-a-gent, a. wild, 

irregular, wasteful 
Extravasated, gks-trav'-a-sa-t£d,a. forc- 
ed out of its proper vessels 
Extreme, £ks-tre'me, a. of the highest 
degree, utmost, last, very much- -s. 
the utmost point, highest degree, ex- 
tremity, end 
Extremity, gks-tre'm'-f-ty', s. utmost 
point, highest degree, remotest parts, 
Extricate, Sks'-tit-kate, v. a. to disem- 
barass, to set free 


[ 106 ] 


Sounds. — Vat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her— chin, chine, field, shir 

Extrication, eks-tri-ka'-shun, s. the act 
of disenian^ii .g 

Extrinsic, £ks-trin'-sik, a. outward, ex- 

Extrude, ^ks-tru'de, v. a. to thrust off 

Extrusion, feks tru'-zhun, s. the act of 
thrusting out or from 

Exuberance, &ks-u-ber-e J ns, s. over- 
growth, luxuriance 

Exuberant, eks-u-ber-ent, a. overabun- 
dant luxuriant 

Exu<!*!rtion, £k-su-da' shun, 5. a sweat- 
ing! perspiration 

Exucfole, ek su' date, or Exude, Sk- 
su'de — v. a. to sweat out — v. n. to 
issue by sweat • 

Exu>.cera"e, e'ks-ul'-serate, p. a. to make 
sore with an uicer, to corrode 

Exult, Sks tilt', v. a. to rejoice, triumph 

Exultation, 6ks-uHa-shuu,s\ joy, trans- 
pott f [able,vn»cit>le 

Exuperable, ek-su'-per-eb'i, a. conquer- 

Exuscitale, ek-sus'-si-tite, v. a. to rouse 
from sleep 

Exusticu, eVs-us'-tshun, s. consumption 
by fuc 

Exuviae, eks u-vye, s. whatever is shed 
by animals, as skin or shells 

Eyas, I'-as, s. a young hawk taken from 
the nest 

Eye, i', s. the organ of sight, aspect, re- 
gard— v. a. to watch, to keep in 

Eyeball, i'-bal, 5. the pupil or apple of 
the eye 

Eyebrow, i'-brow,s. the hairy arch over 
the eye 

Eyelash, i'-lash, s. a line of hair that 
edges the eyelid 

Eyelet, Met, 5. a hole for the light, &c. 

Eyelid, i'-ltd,t.the membrane that shuts 
over the eye 

Eyeshot, i'-sho>, s. sight, glance, view 

Eyesight, i' site, 5. the sight of the eye 

Eyesore, i'-sore, s. something offensive 
to the bight [grinders 

Eyetooth,I'-toth, 5. the tooth next the 

Eyev.1tne.33, I'-wit-n^s, S. an ocular evi- 

Eyre, a're,s. a court of justices itinerant 

Eyry, a'-ry s a place where birds o 
prev build their nests 


FABACEOUS, f a-ba'-shyus, a. hav- 
ing the nature of beans 
Fable, fab'l, s. an instructive fiction, a 
falsehood — v. 71. to feign, to tell 
Fabled, fa'bl'd,©. told in fables 
Fabric, f aV-rik, s. a building, an edi- 
ncej a system [construct, to forge 
Fabricate, f ab'-rt-kate, v. a. to build, to 
Fabulist,, f ab'-u-list, s. a writer of fa- 
bles [fables 
Fabulous, f ib u-lus, a. feigned, full of 
Fac de, f as -ad'e,s\ front of a large build- 
Face, f a'se, s. the visage, countenance, 
frcnt,appearance, surface, confidence 
— v. a. to n,eet in front, to oppose 
boldly, to stand opposite to, to cover 
with an additional superficies 
Facetious, fa-se'-shus, a. gay, lively, 

cheerful, witty 
Facile, fas'-ll, a. easy to be done, pliant 
Facilitate, f a-sil'-i-tate, v. a. to make 
clear or easy 

Facility, f H-sflVf-ty*, s. easiness, ream- 
ness, affability [vering 

Facing, fa- sing, s. an ornamental co- 

Facinorous, f a-sin-o-rus, a. wicked, 

Fact, f akt', s thing done, reality, deed 

Faction, faY-shuu, s. a party or cabal, a 

Factious, f ak'-shus, a. given to faction, 

Factitious, f ak-tish tis, a. made by art 

Factor, f ak'-t6r, s. an agent for anothr-r 

Factorage, f ak'-tdr-edzh, s.allowance to 
a factor 

Factory, f ak'-tor-^, s. a house or dis- 
trict inhabited by traders in a dis- 
tant country, traders embodied in 
one place 

Factotum, f ak'-to'-tum, s. a servant em- 
ployed alike in all kinds of business 

Faculty, f ak'-til-ty, s. ability, power of 
the mind, dexterity 

Facundity, f a-kun'-dit-y", s. eloquence, 
readiness of speech 


t 107 ] 


sh5t, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur — iruly\rye — thus, thick. 

Faddle, fad'l, v. n. to triflle, to toy 
Fade, fa'dr, v. n. to grow weak, to 
wither, to die away— v. a. to wear 
away [agree, succeed 

Fadge, fiidzh', v. n. to suit, to fit, to 
Freces, fe'-sez, s. excrements, dregs 
Fag, fig', v . a. to grow weary, to la- 
bour ° [thing 
Fagend, fag-end, *. the worst end of a 
Fagot, f a'g-6t, s. a bundle of wood for 

the fire 
Fail, fate, v. n. to be deficient, to be- 
come bankrupt, to be extinct, to 
perish, to decay— v. a. to neglect 
Failing, fa-ling, s. a deficiency, imper- 
fection, lapse 
Failure, fa'-lur, s. a deficiency, bank- 
ruptcy, omission, slip 
Fain, fa'ne, a. glad, merry, compelled 

— ad. gladly 
Faint, f a"nt, v. n, to sink motionless, 
to grow feeble — a. languid, feeble, 
Fainthearied,fa'nt-hHrt-e'd,a. timorous, 

Fainting, f a'nt-lng, s. temporary loss of 
animal motion [low 

Faintish, fant-fsh, a. rather faint or 
Fair, ia're, a. beautiful, clear, favoura- 
ble, just — ad. genHy,civilly, success- 
fully — s. the female sex, a free mar- 
ket [a fair 
Fairing, fare-tog, s. a present given at 
Fairy, f a-ry, s. an elf, an enchantress — 

a. given by or belonging to fairies 
Faith, f a'th, s.belief, trust in God, fide- 
lity, veracity 
Faithful, fath'-ful, a. true, sincere 
Faithless, fath'des, a. perfidious, want- 
ing faith [like a scythe 
Falcated, f aT-ka-tfe'd,' a. hooked, bent 
Falchion, fa'-shtin, s. a short crooked 
sword [for sport 
Falcon, fa-k6n, s. a small hawk trained 
Falconer, faVn-er, m s. one who trains 
hawks [cons 
Falconry, fak"n-ry\ s. fowling with, fal- 
Fall, f a'l, v. n. to drop down, to de- 
crease in value, to happen — s. the 
act of falling, overthrow, ruin 
Fallacious, fal-la'-shus,a. deceitful, un- 
certain [argument 
Fallacy, f aT-la-sy\ s. sophism, deceitful 
Fallen, faTn,pr. sunk, tumbled down 
'.Nihility, fal-H-MM-ty, s. liableness 
to be deceived 
Fallible, f al'-ttb'l, a.liable'to error, frail 

Fal'ing, fa'l-Vng, s. a sinking, error 

Fallingsickness, fa ltng stk."-n^s, s. the 

Fallow, f aT-lo, a. unsowed. uncultivai- 
ed, neglected— s. ground lying a'; 
rest [terfeit 

False, f o Is, a. not true, not real, coun< 

Falsehearted, f ols-ha'i t-ed, a. treacher- 

Falsehood, fo'ls-hud,; s. alie,anuntrutn 

Falsify, f 6'ls-l-fy, v. a, to counterfeit^ 
to forge— v. n. to tell lies 

Falsity, fo'1-s^-ty, s. an unfair represen 
tation, a lie [hesitate in speech 

Falter, fal-ter, v. n. to stumble, to 

Fame, fame, s. celebrity, renown, ru- 

Famed, fa'md, a. renowned, celebrated 

Familiar, fa-mll'-y'ar, a. domestic, at- 
fable, free — s. an intimate, a demon 

Familiarity, fa^mil-yar-'f t} T , s. acquaint 
ance, easy intercourse 

Familiarize, fa^mfl'-yar-u5e,».a. to make 
easy by habit 

Family, fam-il-y", s. a household, race^ 

Famine, f &m'-fn, s. dearth 

Famish, f am'-tsh, v. a. to kill -witit 
hunger — v. n. to die of hunger 

Famous, f a'-mus, a. renowned 

Fan, fan, s. an instrument to move 
the air, an utensil to winnow corn — 
v. a. to cool with a fan. to winnov, 

Fanatic, f a'-nat'-'ik, a. enthusiastic— *. 
an enthusiast 

Fanaticism, fa-nat'-l-sfzm, s. enthusi- 
asm 1 

Fancy, f aV-s^, s. a visionary imagina- 
tion, inclination, whim, frolic — v. n. 
to imagine— v. a. to pourtray in the 
mind, to like, to be pleased with 

Fane, fane, s. a temple, a weathercock 

Fang, fang', v. a. to seize, clutch— s. a 
long tusk or nail, a talon 

Fanged, f ang'd, a. furnished with fangs 

Fangled, f ang'gl'd, a. vainly fond of 

Fantastic, f&n-taV-tik, a. bred only in 
the fancy, imaginary, whimsical 

Fantasy, faV-t&-s^, s. fancy, imagina 
tion, humour 

Fantom, f an'-tbm, s. see Prfantom 
j Far, fa'r, ad. to a great extent — a. dia- 

Itant, remote 
Farce, f a'rs, s. a mock comedy [farce 
Farcical, f a'r-st-kal, a. be.onging ;o * 

FA8 [ 108 ] FEA 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — mgt, desist, me, her — cMn, chine, field, shirt 

Farcy, far'-sy", s. the leprosj' of horses 

Fardel, far'-del,s. a bundle, a little pack 

Fardinga.le, f ar'-dtng'l, s. fourth part of 
an acre 

Fare, fare, v. n. to pass, to travel, to 
be in a state good or bad, to be en- 
tertained — s. hire of carriage by land 
or water, provisions 

Farewell, f are-weT,acZ. adieu — s. leave, 
the parting compliment 

Farina, f a-ri'-na, s. meal, fine dust in the 
small Mower of plants 

Farinaceous, f ar-l'-na'-shyus, a. mealy, 
tasting like meal 

Farm, farm, s. land let to a tenant 

Farmer, fa'rm-er, s. a cultivator of 
ground, a renter of land 

Farrago, f ar-ra'-go, s. a medley 

Farrier, f a'r-yer, s. shoer of horses, a 
horse doctor 

Farrow, f ar-ro, s. litter of pigs — v. a. 
to pig 

Farther, f a'r-ther, ad. more remotely — 
a. more remote — v. a. to promote, 

Farthermore, far-ther-mo're, ad. be- 

Farthest, f a'r-the'st, ad. most remotely 
— a. most distant, remotest 

Farthing, f ar'-thing, s. the fourth part 
of a penny 

Farthingale, f a'r-thmg-gal, s. a hoop for 

Fasces, fas'sez, s. a bundle of rods an- 
ciently carried before the consuls 

Fascia, fash'-ya, s. a fillet, a plain 
moulding - 

Fascinate, f as'-st-nate, v. a. to bewitch 

Fascination, f as-s¥-na'-shun, s. witch- 
craft, enchantment 

Fascine, f as-sl'n, *. a faggot 

Fashion, f ash'-tin, s. form, manner, cus- 
tom, mode — v. a. to form, to mould, 
to fit 

Fashionable, f &sh'-6n aVl, a. modish, 
approved by custom 

Fast, f a'st, v. a. to abstain from food — 
s. an abstinence from food — a. firm, 
strong, immoveable, swift— ad. firm- 
ly, immoveably, closely, nimbly 

Fasten, f aVn, v. a. to make fast, to ce- 
ment [handed, niggardly 

Fasthanded, fa'st-haud-e'd, a. close- 
Fastidious, f as-ttd'.yus, a. disdainful, 
squeamish [food 

Fasting, f ast'-mg, pr. abstaining from 

Fastuous, f as'-tb-us, a, proud, haughty 

Fat, fat', a. plump, fleshy— s. the unc- 
tuous part of animal flesh or oily part 
of a fish, a vessel in which any thing 
is put to ferment— v. a. to make fat, 
to fatten — v. n. to grow fat 

Fatal, fa'-tal, a. deadly, mortal, inevita- 
ble [a decree of fate 

Fatality, fa-tal'-M?, s. predestination, 

Fate, f ate, s. destiny, destruction,cause 
of death 

Fated, f a'-te'd. a. decreed by fate 

Father, f a'-ther, *. he by whom a child 
is begotten— v. a. to adopt a child, 
to ascribe to any one as his offspring 

Fatherhood, f a'-ther-hud, s. the charac- 
ter of a father 

Father-in-law, fa-ther-m-la', s. the fa- 
ther of one's husband or wife 

Fatherless, f a-ther-les, s. children that 
have no father 

Fathom, f ath-6m, s. a measure of six 
feet — v. a. to sound, to penetrate 

Fatidical, fa-tfd'-tf-kal, a. prophetic 

Fatigue, fa-tl'g, s. ^weariness, labour, 
toil — v. a. to tire, to weary 

Fatiing, fat'-ling, s. a young r animal 
fed for slaughter 

Fatness, fat'-ne's, s. plumpness, what 
causes fertility [grow fat 

Fatten, f at'n, v. a. to make fat— v. n. to 

Fatuity, fa tu'-I-ty, s. foolishness 

Faucet, \i a'-sYt, s. tube to draw liquor 
from a vessel 

Fault, fait, s. an offence, a slight crime 

Faulter, see Falter 

Faulty, fa'l-ty, a. guilty of a fault, 
blameable, erroneous 

Faunist, fa'n-'ist, s. naturalist whose 
inquiries relate to woods 

Favour, fa'-vor, v. a. to support, to as- 
sist, to conduce to — s. countenance, 
kindness, lenity, good will, any thing 
worn openly as a token 

Favoured, f a'-vord, part .regarded with 
kindness, featured well or ill 

Favourite, fa'-vdr-it, s. person or thing 
beloved -, 

Fawn, fa'n, s. a young deer — v.n. to 
flatter, to cringe 

Fealty, fe -al-ty\ s. homage, loyalty 

Fear, fe're, s. dread, terror, anxiety — 
v. a. to terrify — it. n. to be afraia, tc 
be anxious 

Fearful, f&'re-ful, a. timorous, afraid 

Feasibility, S'-zf-MV'-t-ty, s. the pr&o 
ticability of a thing 


[ 109 ] 


shSt, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur,— truK, rye— thus, thick. 

Feasible, fezib'l, a. practicable 

Feast, fe'st, s. a sumptuous treat, an 
anniversary day of rejoicing — v. a. 
to entertain sumptuously, to pam- 

Feat, fete, s. an act, a deed, a trick or 
slight— a. skilful, ingenious, nice 

Feather, f eth-'er, s. the plume of birds, 
an ornament — v. a. to dress in or fit 
with feathers 

Featherbed, f e'th'-eY-be'd,*. a bed stuffed 
with feathers 

Feathered, f^th'-erd, a. clothed with 

Feature, fe'-tur, s. the cast or make of 
the face, any lineament or single part 
of the face 

Febrifuge, feV-rt-f udzh,s.a medicine to 
cure a fever [ing to a fever 

Febrile, f £'-brfl,<z.constitutingor relat- 

February, feV-ru-ar-y\ s. the second 
montli of the year 

Feculent, f e'k'-u-l6nt, a. foul, dreggy 

Fecund, fe-kund', a. fruitful, prolific 

Fecundation, fe -kun da"-shun,s. the act 
of making fruitful 

Fecundity, fe-kun'-di-ty\s. fruitfulness 

Fed, feci', pret. and -part, of Feed 

Federal, f &T er-Al, a. relating to a 

Federary, f ^d'-er-dr-\f, s. a confederate, 
an accomplice 

Fee, fe',s. perpetual right, reward, per- 
quisite, v. a. to reward, to pay, to 
bribe, to keep in hire 

Feeble, fe'b'l, a. weak, infirm, sickly 

Feed, fe'de, v. a. to supply with food, 
to graze, to nourish — 5. food, pas- 

Feel, fe'lp, 9. rt. to touch— v. a. to per- 
ceive by the touch, to try, to sound, 
to know, to be affected by — s. the 
sense of feeling, the touch 

Feeling, fel-Yng, s. sense of touch, sen- 
sibility, perception 

Fee% fe'te, s. plural of Foot 

Feign, f a'ne, v. a. to invent, dissem- 
ble. — v. n. to relate falsely 

Feint, fa'nt, s. a false appearance, a 
mock assualt 

Felicitate, fe-Ks'-f-tate, v. a. to make 
happy, to congratulate 

Felicitation, ft-hs-1-ta-shun, s. congra- 

Felicity, fe-l l fc'-Yt-y\ s. happiness 
1 Feline, f£'-llne, a. like or pertaining to 
a cat 

Fell, feT, a. cruel, fierce, barbarous — 

v. a. to knock down, to hew or cut 

down [hide.- or skins 

Fellmonger, f eT-mong-er, 8. a dealer in 

Felloe, f eT-16, s. the circumference of a 

Fellow, f eT-16, s. an associate,an equal, 
a mean person — v. a. to suit with, to 
pair with 
Felo-de-se, fe-15 de-se", s. a self-mur- 
derer, a suicide 
Felon, f el'-6i:, s. one guilty of felony 
Felonious, fe-16' nyus, a. wicked, trai- 
torous, vil!a;jous [crime 
Felony, feT-tfn-V, s. a capital offence or 
Felt, felt', s. stuff for making ha's, a 
hide or skin — v. a. to unite without 
weaving [like felt 
Feltre, feT-ter, v. a. to clot together 
Felucca, f e-luk-ka, s. a small open boat 

with six oars 
Female, fe'-malc, s one of the sex 
which brings forth young — a. not 
Feminine, fe'm'-'in-in, a. of the sex that 
brings young, female, soft, tender, ef- 
Femoral, f^m'-or^l, a. belonging to the 
thigh [marsh 

Fen, fe'n', s. flat moist land, a moor, a 
Fence, fen's, ». a guard, an enclosure, 
a mound, a hedge — v. a. to secure 
by a fence — v. n. to practise mauual 
Fencible, fen'-sib'l, a. capable of de- 
fence [by weapons 
Fencing, f e'n'-s'ing, s. the art of defence 
Fend, f £nd', v. a to keep off, to shut 
out — v. n. to dispute [the cinders 
Fender, feV-der, s. a fence to keep in 
Fei:estral,fe-neY-tral, a. belonging to a 

Fennel, f en'-nel, s. a garden herb 
Fenny, f en'-ny", a. marshy, boggy 
Feodal, fe-6-dal, a. held from another 
Feodary, fe'-d-dar-^, s. one who holds 
an estate under tenure of service, 
&c. to a superior 
Feoff, fef, v. a. to put in possession 
Feotiee, f eT-e, *. one put in possession 
! eoffment,f eT-ment, s. act of granting 
possession [tility 

Feracity, f e-ras'-Y-ty, s. fruitfulness, fer- 
Feral, feral, a. funereal, mournful 
Ferial, fe'ryal, a. belonging to week 
days, the sabbath excepted 


( no ] 


Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt 

Ferine, ffe'-rine, a. wild, savage 
Ferment, fer-ment', v. a, to exalt or 
rarify by intestine motion of its parts 
Ferment, fer'-me'nt, s. intestine motion, 

Fermentation, fer-men-ta'-shtin, s. inter- 
nal heat, commotion 
Fermentative, fer-men'-ta- fiv,a. causing 

Fern, fern', 5. a sort of plant growing on 

heaths, &c. 
Ferny, fern' y", a. overgrown with fern 
Ferocious, fe-ro'-shyus,a. savage, fierce, 

Ferocity, fe-rbV-1-ty, s. savageness, 

fierceness, wildness 
Ferret, feY-ret, 5. a small animal of the 
weasel kind, a kind of tape — v. a. 
to drive out of lurking places 
Ferruginous, fer-r£t'-dzhm-us, a. par- 
taking of iron 
Ferry, fer'-r^, v. a. to carry over in a 
boat— s. a boat for passage, the pas- 
sage over which the ferryboat passes 
Ferryman, fer-ry-man, s. one who keeps 

or raws a ferry 
Fertile, fer-Cil, a. fruitful, abundant 
Fertility ,fer-tll'-1-ty,s. abundance, fruit- 
fulness [tile 
Fertilize, fer'-ttl-ize, v. a. to make fer- 
Fervent, fer-ve"nt, a. hot, vehement, ar- 
dent, zealous 
Feivid, fer-vld, a. burning, vehement, 
zea/ous [on the hand 
Ferula, fer-u-la, s. an instrument to beat 
Ferule, fer'-ule, v. a. to chastise with 
the ferula [zeal 
Festal, fes'-tal, a. belonging to a feast, 
joyous [grow virulent 
Fester, feV-ter, v.n. to rankle, corrupt, 
Festival, feV-tf-val, s. a day of civil or 

religious joy 
Festive, feV-ttv, a. joyous, gay 
Festivity, f&s-tiv-l-ty, 4. a festival, a 

time of rejoicing 
Festoon, fes-t&'ne, s. an ornament of 

twisted flowers 
Fetch, fetsh', v. a. to go and bring, to 

produce— s. a stratagem 
Fetid, fetVfd, a. stinking, rancid 
Fetlock, feV-Iok, s.a tuft of hair behind 

a horse's pastern joint 
Fetter, feY-ter, v. a. to bind, to chain 
Fetter3, fet'-terz, s. chains for the feet 
Fetus, fe'-tus, s. any animal in embryo 
Feud,ffc'de, s. a quarrel, contention 

Feudal, fu'-dal, a. held of a superior, de- 
Feudatory, fu'-dS-tor-y, who holds 

of a lord or chief 
Fever, fe'-ver, s. a disease in which the 

pulse is quickened, and heat and cold 

prevail by turns 
Feverish, fe-ver-lsh, a. troubled with & 

fever, tending to a fever 
Few, fry, a. not many, a small number 
Fib, fib', s. a falsehood— v. n. to tell 

Fibie, ff-ber, s. asmall thread or string 
Fibrous, f i'-brus, a. composed of fibres 
Fickle, f l'k'l, a. changeable, unsteady. 

not fixed [a falsehood 

Fiction, f ik'-shun, s. a story invented, 
Fictious, f ik'-shus, a. fictitious, imagi- 
nary [feigned, false 
Fictitious, flk-tlsh'-us, a. not genuine, 
Fiddle, ffd'I, s. a stringed instrument 

of music, a violin — v. n. to play 

upon the fiddle, to trifle [triflei 

Fiddlefaddle, fld'l-fad'l, s. a trifle, a 
Fiddler, flcl'-ler, s. a player on the 

Fidelity, f I-del-l-ty, *. honesty, faith- 
fulness, veracity 
Fidge, Pidzh', or Fidget, f Idzh'-St, v.n. 

to move nimbly and irregularly 
Fidgety, f Idzh'-lt-y, a. restless, moving 

from place to place [doubting 

Fiducial, f I-dft'-shal, a. confident, un- 
Fiduciary, f I-dti'-sher-^, s. one who 

holds in trust 
Fief, f i'-ef, s. a fee, a manor 
Field, f fid, s. ground not inhabited, a 

cultivated tract of ground,the ground 

of battle, a wide expanse 
Fieldfare, fel'-f ar^, s. a bird, kind of 

thrush [used in battle 

Fieldpiece, fl'ld-pts, s. a small cannon 
Fiend, f t'nd, s. an euemy, an infernal 

being [ous, forcible 

Fierce, f i'rs, a. ravenous, savage, furl- 
Fiery, fi'-e-ry, a. hot like fire, ardent, 

active, passionate 
Fife, f i'fe, 5. a small pipe blown to the 

Fifteen, f If '-ten, a. five and ten 
Fifth, ft'ffh, a. next to the fourth in 

order of number 
Fifty, f If '-ty, a. five tens 
Fig, fig, s. a tree that bears figs, its 

Figary, f ?g-a-ry, *. a random volatile 


FIN I 111 ] FIR 

shbt, note, ldse, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick, 


Fight, fi'te, v. n. to contend in battle 
— v. a. to combat— 5. a battle, a 
combat, a duel [fiction 

Figment, ffg-me'nt, s. an invention, a 

Figulate, f ig'-u-lgt, a. made of potters' 

Figurability, fYg-u-ru-btr-f-ty, s. qua- 
lity of being capable of a form 

Figural, fig-u-ra!, a. of a certain form 

Figurate, fYg'-u-rgt, a. reduced to form 

Figurative, fig'- ii-rativ, a. not literal, 

Figure, f fg' ure, s. shape, form, a sta- 
tue, an image, a character denoting 
a number — v. a. to form into any 
shape [threads 

Filaceous, f Ma'-shus, a. consisting of 

FiJameut, fil'-a-inent^.a slender thread, 
a fibre [a thin shell 

Filbert, f tl'-bert, s. a fine hazel nut with 

Filch, fil'sh, v. steal, to pilfer 

File, f fie, s. a steel tool to polish iron, 
&c. a wire for papers, a line of sol- 
diers— v. a. to string upon a thread 
or wire, to cut with a fie 

Filial, nj'-yal, a. pertaining to" or befit- 
ing a son 

Filigree, fu'-f-gid, s. curious work in 
gold or silver, in manner of threads 
or grains [by the file 

Filings, f i'-lingz, s. particles rubbed off 

Fill, HI', v. a. to make full, to satisfy, 
to surfeit — v. ?i. to grow full — $. ful- 
ness, satiety, a place between the 
shafts of a carriage 

Filiet, fil'-let, s. a band tied round the 
head, &c. a joint of veal 

Fillip, f U'-lTfp, v. a. to strike with the 
nail of the finger by a sudden spring 
— s, a sudden jerk of the finger 

Filly, ftl'-ly", s. a young mare 

Film. film', s. a thin skin 

Filmy, fVl'-ra^, a. composed of thin 

Filter, f if-ter, v. a. to stain, to per- 

Filth, filth, s. dirt, nastiness, pollution 

Filthy, fflth'-y, a. nasty, foul, gross, 

Filtrate, fil'.trat(V>.«.to strain, to filter 

Filtre, f il'-ter, v. a. to cleanse by strain 
ing, to filter [fringed, edged 

Fimbriated, f ¥m-bri at'-ed, a. bordered. 

Fin, fin, $. the wing of a fish 

Final, fi'-nal,a. last, conclusive, mortal 

Finale, f i-na'-le, s. close of a concert ot 

Finally, f i'-nal-ly", ad. ultimately, lastly, 

Finance, fin-ans', s. revenue, income, 

Finances, f in-an's-£s, s. public reveuues 

Financier/ in-an-sir,$.one who schemes 
or collects the public revenue 

Find, fi'nd, v. a. to discover, to de- 
tect, to furnish 

Fine, fi'ne, a. refined, pure, clear, 
showy, not coarse — s. a mulct, a pe- 
nalty, a forfeit— v. a. to refine, puri- 
fy, inflict a penalty [appearance 

Finery, f i'ne ery*, s. show, splendor of 

Finesse, f i-nes', s. an artifice, a strata- 

Finger, f ing' er, s. part of the hand — 
v. a. to handle, to touch lightly, to 

Finical, f In'-f-kal, a. nice, foppish 

Finish, f fn-ish, v. a. to end, to perfect, 
to complete 

Finite, f I-nite, a. limited, bounded, 

Finny, fin'-ny*, a. furnished with fins 

Fir, fir', s.the tree of which deal boards 
are made 

Fire, fi're, s. the element that burns, 
what burns, conflagration, heat, pas- 
sion, eruption— v. a. to kindle, to in- 
flame— v. n. to discharge fire-arms 

Firearms, f i're-armz, s. guns, muskets 

Firebrand, fi' re-brand, ?.a piece of wood 
kindled, an incendiary 

Firelock, fi're-15k, s. a soldier's gun 

Fireman, f?re-man, s. one employed to 
extinguish fires 

Firepan f i're-pan* s. a pan for holding 
fire [combustibles 

Fireship,fi're-ship, 5. a ship fiiied with 

Firework, fi're- work, 5. a beautiful dis- 
play of fire 

Firing, fi'-ring, s. fuel [Ions 

Firkin, fir'-kin, s. a vessel of nine gal- \ 

Firm, firm, a. fast, strong, hard, con- 
stant, steady — s. name or names un- 
der which the business of any trad- 
ing house is carried on 

Firmament, fir'-ma-mgnt, s. the sky, 
the heavens 

Firmamental, f ir-ma-men'-tal, a. of the 
upper regions, celestial 

Firman, fir'-mKn, s. passport to trade 
to certain parts or places 

Firmness, firm'-nes, s. steadiness, hard- 
ness, resolution 
L 2 


[ 112 ] 


^*^s^» 1h+*+*+-+ 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt — 

Firs', first', a. earliest in time, highest 
in dignity, chief [of any thing 

First-fruits, f irst'-fruts, s. first produce 
Firstling, first'-llng, s. the first produce 
Fiscal, fts-cal, s. the exchequer, the 

Fish, ftsh', s. a water animal — v. n. to 

ca ch fish, to catch by art, 10 sift 
Fisherman, ffsh'-er-man, s. o >e who 
! catches fish [meut of fishing 

Fishery, flsh'-er-V, s. trade or employ. 
Fish-hook, f fsh'-hok', s. a hook for catch- 
ing fish [fish 
Fishwieal, fi'sh'-mele, s. a meal made of 
Fishmonger, f ish-mong-er, s. a dealer 

in fish 
Fissure, f is'-urf ,<?.a cleft, a small chasm 
Fist, ffs'.',.5.t he hand clenched or closed 
Fisticuffs, f Is' -tf-kufs, s. a battle with 
the fists [lous within 

Fistula, f ts'-tu-la, 9. a sinuous ulcer cal- 
Fistulous, f Is'-tu-lus, a. pertaining to a 

Fit, fit, s. an hysterical disorder, a con- 
vulsion, a touch of a disorder — a. 
qualified, proper, convenient — v. a. 
to suit,. to adapt, to accommodate 
Fitch, f 1 tsh', s. a small kind of wild pea 
Fitness, fit-lie's, s. propriety, conve- 
Five, five, a. four and one. 
Fives, f ivz, s. game at ball, a disease 

of horses" 
Fix, f Iks', v. a. to make fast, to settle 

— v. n. to determine, to rest 
Fixation, flk-sa-shun, s, stability, so- 
lidity [mined 
Fixed, fi'k-se*d, par*, appointed, deter- 
Fixidity, f ik-std'-R\ f , or Fixity, f Ik'-st- 

tf, 5. coherence of parts 
Fixture, ftks'-ture, s. any article fixed 
to the premises, as fire-grates, dres- 
sers, &x. [harpoon 
Fizgig, flz'-gYg, s. a kind of dart or 
Flabby, flab'-by, a soft, not firm 
Flaccid, fiak'-s'id, a. weak, limber, not 

Flaccidity, flak sid'-Uy\ s. limberness 
Flag, flag', v. n. to grow dejected—*, a 
plant, colours of a ship or land forces, 
a Hat stone 
Flag.elet, fladzh' e-lgt,s. a small flute 
Flageila ion, fladzh-el-la-shun, s.theact 

of scourging 
Flagay, nag'-gy\ a. weak, lax, insipid 
Flagitious, fla-dzhish'-us, a. wicked, 
atrocious, vile 

Flaggon, flag'-gtfn, s. a drinking vessel 
with a narrow mouth 

Flag-officer, flag-5f'-flser, s. the com- 
mander of a squadron [notorious 

Flagrant, fla'-grfent, a. glowing, eager, 

Flag-ship, flag' shfp, s. a ship in which a 
flag-olficer is 

Flail, fia'le, s. a threshing instrument 

Flake, Make, s. any thing loosely held 
together, a stratum, a layer, a scale 
of iron — v. a. to form in flakes 

Flaky, fla'-ky, a. lying in layers, broken 
into laminae [pretext 

Fl am, flam', s. a falsenood, an illusory 

Flambeau, flam'- bo, s. a torch 

Flame, flame,?, light given by fire, fire, 
brightness of fancy, the passion of 
love — v. a. to shine as fire, to blaze 

Flamen, fla-men, s. a Pagan priest in 
ancient times [ness to take fire 

Flammability, flam-ma-biUf ty>.an < pt- 

Flamy, fla'-nty, a. burning, flaming, like 

Flank, flangk', s. the side, part of a bas- " 
tion — v. a. to attack the side of a 
battalion or fleet 

Flannel, flan'-nel, s. soft nappy stuff 
made of wool 

Flap, flap', s. any thing that hangs 
broad and loose, a blow with the 
hand, a disease in horses — v. a. 
to beat with a flap — V. n. to ply 
the wings with a noise, to fall with 

Flapdragon, flap'-drag-6n, s. a game in 
which they catch raisins out of burn- 
ing brandy 

Flare, flare, v. n. to flutter with a 
splendid show, to glitter offensively, 
to give a glaring light 

Flash, flash', s. a sudden blaze, a sud- 
den burst of w r it — v.n. to glitter with 
a quick and transient flame 

Flashy, tiash'-y, a. showy, empty, in- 

Flask, fia'sk', s. a bottle, a pewder-horn 

Flasket, flask'-St, s. a kind of tray 

Flat, fiat', a. even, smooth, insipid, 
dull, not shrill, — s. a level, even 
ground, a shallow — v. a. to level, 
to make vapid — v. n. to grow flat or 

Flatness, flat'-n&s, s. evenness, dullness, 

Flatten, flat'n, v. a. to make even or 
level, to make vapid, to deject— v.n. 
to grow even or insipid 


[ 113 ] 


sh5t, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly\ rye — thus, thick. 

Flatter, flat'-ter, v. a to sooth with 

praises, to praise falsely, to raise 
' false hopes |ing 

Flattery, flat'-ter-y\ s. false praise, fawn- 
Flattish, flat'-tsh, ft. somewhat flat 
Flatulent, flat'-u-lent, a. windy, empty, 

Flaunt, flant, v. nAo make a fluttering 

show in apparel, to give one's self 

airs — s. any thing loose and airy 
Flavour, fia-vor, s. taste, sweet smell, 

relish, odour 
Flaw, fla', s. a crack, a defect 
Flax, flak's, s. a ribrous plant of which 

the finest thread is made, the fibres 

of flax cleansed 
Flaxdresser, flak's-dre's-ser, s. he that 

prepares flax for the spinner 
Flaxen, flak's'n, n. made of flax, fair 
Flay, fla, v. a. to strip off the skin 
Flea, fle', s. a troublesome small insect 
Fleabitten, fle-bit'n, a. stung by fleas, 

mean, worthless 
FJeam, Heme, 5. an instrument used to 

bleed cattle 
Fleck, fleV, or Flecker, flgk'-er, v. a. to 

to spot, to streak, to dapple 
Fledge, fiedzh', v. a. to furnish with 

wings or feathers 
Flee, fle', v.n. to run from danger, or 

for shelter — v. a. to avoid 
Fleece, flefe^, ?. the wool of one sheep— 

v. a. to strip or plunder a person 
Fleeced, tte'st, a. stripped, plundered 
Fleecy, fie'-sy, a. covered with wool, 

Fleer, fle're, v. n. to mock, to leer, to 

grin with scorn 
Fleet, fle'te, s. a company of ships, a 

creek — a. swift of pace, nimble, ac- 
tive— v. n. to fly swiftly, to vanish 
FJeetness,flete- ne"s, s. speed, swiftness, 

Flesh, fle'sh', s. a part of the animal 

body — v. a. to initiate, to harden, 

to glut 
Fleshfly, flesh'-fly, *. a fly that feeds 

upon flesh 
Fleshmeat, flfe'sh'-mete, s. animal food 
Fleshy, fle'sh'-^, a. plump, full of flesh 
Fletcher, fletsh'-er, s. a maker ofbow3 

and arrows 
Flew, flu', pret. of Fly — s. the large 

chaps of a deep-mouthed hound 
Flewed, flu'df, a. chapped, mouthed 
Flexibility, flgks-TMrtl-i-ty, 4. pliancy. 

ductility, facility 

Flexible, fl^ks'-tb'l, or Flexile, flSks'-tl, 

a. pliant, manageable 
Flexion, fle'k'-shon, s. the act of bend- 
ing, a joint, a turn 
Flexure, flgk'-shure, s. the part bent, 
the joint [the wings 

Flicker, flik'-er, v. a. to flutter, to play 
Flight, fli'te, s. the act of Hying or 
running away, a flock of Iird3 fly- 
ing together, heat of imagination; 
stairs from one landing-place 10 an- 
other [imagination 
Flighty, fli'te-y, a. wild, swift, full of 
Flimsy, nim'-zy, a. weak, slight, mean, 
spiritless [pain^&c. 
Flinch, ni'n'sh, v. n. to shrink from 
Fling, fling', t;. a. to throw, to cast with 
violence — v.?i. to flounce— $. a throw, 
a sneer 
Flint, flint', s. a hard kind of stone 
Flinty, flint'. j", a. made of flint, hard- 
hearted [andsus:ar 
Flipp, flip', s. beer mixed with spirits 
Flippant, flip'-ent, a. nimble, pert, 

Flirt, flirt', v. n. to jeer, to run about 
idly, &c— a", a sudden trick, a pert 
Flirtation, flir-ta'-shun, s. a qukfc 

sprightJy r motion, coquetry 7 
Flit, flit', v. n. to By away, to flutter 
Flitch, flitsh', s. a side of bacon 
Float, flo'te, v. ;?. to swim on the sur- 
face — o. a. to cover with water— s. 
the act of flowing, any thing swim- 
ming on the water 
Flock, flok', s. a company of birds or 
beasts, &c— v. /?. to assemble in 
Flog, flog', v. a. to lash, to whip 
Flood, flud', s. influx of the tide, an 
overflow, inundation— v. a. to cover 
with waters, to overflow 
Floodgate, flud'-gatt% s. a gate or stop 

to let out water 

Flook, At'ke, s. the broad part of the 

anchor which takes hold of th 

ground [ a story 

Floor, fio'ir, s. the bottom of a room", 

Flop, flfip', r. a. to clap the wings with 


Floral, flo'-ral, a. relating to llora or 

to flowers [bloomy, rosy 

Florid, ftor'-\d, a. flushed with red 

Floridity, nor-id'-l-ty, k freshness o' 

L 3 


[ H4 ] 


Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — cMn, chine, field, shirt- 

Florin, flbV-m, s. a foreign coin 

Florist, flo'-rfst, s. one who cultivates 

Flota, flo'-tS, s. a rich Spanish*fleet that 
sails annually from the West Indies 

Flounce, flofr'ns, v. n. to move with 
violence in the water, or passionate 
agitation — v. a. to deck with flounces 
— *. a loose trimming in apparel 

Flounder, flbun-der, s. a small flatfish 
— v. to. to struggle with violent and 
irregular motions 

Flour, floh'r, s. fine part of ground corn 

Flourish, fl6r'-lsh, v. n. to be in vigour, 
to thrive, to boast — v. a. to adorn— 
*. embellishment, figures formed by 
lines curiously drawn, bravery 

Flout, flfiu't, v. a. to mock, to insult — 
v. n. to practise mockery 

Flow, 116', v. to. to run as water, to 
melt, to issue — v. a. to overflow — 
s. the rise of water, not the ebb 

Flower, flttw'-e'r, s. a blossom of a plant, 
the prime — v. to. to be in (lower, to 
blossom [flowers 

Flowery, flbw'-er-^, a. adorned with 

Flown, llo'nf , part . of Fly — a. puffed, 

Fluctuant, fluk'-tu-e'nt, a. wavering 

Fluctuate, fitik'-tu-ate, v. to. to be in an 
uncertain state, to be irresolute 

Fluctuation, fluk-tu-a'-shun, s. uncer- 
tainty, indetermination 

Flue, flu', s a small pipe or chimney, 
soft down or fur 

Fluent, Uu'-ent, a. eloquent, liquid, 

Fluid, flu'-jd, a. running as water, not 
solid— s. any animal juice, a liquid 

Fluidity, flu-Id' -^-ty, 5. the quality in 
bodieo opposite to solidity 

Fluke, flu'ke, s. see Flook 

Flummery, num'-mer-v", s. a food made 
Of wheat flour or oatmeal 

Flung, flung', part, and pret. ofFling 

Fluor, tiu'or, s. a fluid state 

Flurry, fliir-r^, s. a gust of wind, flutter 
of the spirits 

Flurt, flur't,s. see Flirt 

Flush, flush', v.n. to flow with violence 
— v. a. to colour, to elate — s. violent 
flow, cards all of a suit 

Fluster, fltis'-ter, v. a. to put in confu- 

Flute, flfi'te, *. a musical pipe, furrow 
in a pillar — v, a, to cut into hol- 

Flutter, fltit'-ter, v. to. to fly with agita. 
tion of the wings— v. a. to confuse — 
s. hurry, disorder of the mind, con- 

Flux, Auks', *. the tide or flowing of the 
sea, a dysentery, concourse 

Fluxion, fluk'-shtin, s. the act of flow 
iug, matter that flows 

Fly, fly , v. n. to move through the air 
with wings, to pass away swiftly, to 
spring with violence, to shiver — s. 
a small winged insect, a balance of a 
jack. [gots 

Flyblow, fly'-blo, v. a. to fill with mag- 

Flyfish, fly'-f Ish, v. to. to angle with a 
hook baited with a fly 

Foal, fo'le, s. the offspring of a mare or 
other beast of burden — v. a. t 
forth a foal 

. to bring 

Foam, f 6'me, s. froth, spume — v. to. to 

froth, to be in a rage 
Foamy, f d'-m^, a. covered with foam, 

Fob, fob', s. a small pocKetfor a watch, 

&c. — v. a. to trick, to defraud 
Focal, f o'-kal, a. belonging to a focus 
Focus, f o'-kus, 5. the point where rays 

Fodder, fod'-der, s. dry food for cattle 

— v. a. to feed with dry food 
Foe, fo', s. an enemy, a persecutor 
Foetus, fe'-tus, s. a child in the womb 
Fog, fog', s. a thick mist, aftergrass 
1 °ggy» fo£-g¥> «• misty, cloudy, dull 
Foible, fof b'l, s. a weakness, a failing 
Foil, foil, v. a. to put to the worst, to 

defeat — s. a defeat, a glittering sub- 
stance, a blunt sword for fencing 
Foist, foi'st, v. a. to insert by forgery 
Fold, fold, 5. a pen for sheep, a double 

or plait — v. a. to shut sheep in the 

fold, to double, to shut 
Foliage, f d'-lye'dzh, $. leaves or tufts of 

Folio, fo'-lyo, s. a book in which a sheet 

of paper doubled forms four pages 
Folk, fo'ke, s. people, nations,mankind 
Folkland, fftuk'-land, s. land which be. 

longs to the common people 
Follow, fol'-16,t; go after ,to obey,to 

attend — v. to. to come after another 
Folly, fol'-iy, s. weakness, foolishness, 

Foment, fo-ment', v. a. to cherish with 

heat, to bathe with warm lotions, to 

encourage, >o abet— v. n, to boil up 

as liquor working 

FOR L 115 J TOR 

shtft, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Fomentation, fo-men-ta'-shun,s the act 
of fomenting, a lotion prepared to 
foment will 

Fond, fond', a. tender, indiscreet, do- 
ting, silly [to oe fond of 

Fondle, fSnd'l, v. a. to caress— v. n. 

Fondling, r ond'-iing, s. one much ca- 
ressed or doated on 

Font, f 5nt', s. a baptismal vessel 

Food, fo'de, s. victuals, any thing that 

Fool, foV, s. an ideot, a buffoon — v.n. 
to trifle, to play — v. a. to disappoint, 
to cheat 

Foolery, fd'l-er-y 1 , s. habitual folly, an 
act of folly 

Foolhardy, fdl-haY-dy", a. daring with- 
out judgment, madly adventurous 

Foolish, fol-tsh, a. weak of intellect, 

Foot, fut', s. that on which any anim 1 
or thing stands, a measure of twelve 
inches — v. n. to dance, to tread— v.a, 
to spurn 

Football, fut'-bal, s. a ball driven by the 
foot [ant in livery 

Footboy, fuL'-bby 1 , s. a boy or attend- 

Footed, fut'-e'd, a. shaped in the foot, 

Footing, f ut'-fng, s. foundation, an en- 
trance, a condition— p. walking, trip- 
ping [livery, a sta d 

Footman, fut' man, s. a male servant in 

Footpad, fut'-pad, s. one that robs on 
foot [for passengers 

Footpath, fut'-p&th, s. a narrow way 

Footstep, fut -step, s. a trace, a track, 
an impression left by the foot 

Footstool, fut'-stfile, s. a stool for the 
feet [dress 

Fop, f ftp', s. a coxcomb, one fond of 

Foppery, ftip'-er-y', s. folly, affectation 
of show 

Foppish, f op'-pfsh, a. affected, foolish, 
idle, vain 

Forage, f bV-e'dzh, v. n. to wander in 
search cf provisions, to ravage — v. a. 
to plunder, to strip — s. a search for 
provisions, provisions 

Forbear, f or-ba're, v. n. to cease from 
any thing, to abstain— v. a. to de 
cline, to spare 

Forbearance, ftfr-bar'-ens, s. delay of 
action or vengeance, mildness, len- 

Forbid, f ftr-Md', v. a. to prohibit, to 

Forbidding, for-hid'-dVng, part. a. a 
raising abhorrence 

Force, fo'rse, s. strength, violence, an 
armament — v. a. to compel, to over- 
power, to enter by violence, to ra- 
vish [ment 

Forceps, f br'-seps, s. a surgical instru- 

Forcible, for'-s'fb'l, a. strong, violent, 
efficacious, powerful 

Ford, fo'rd, s. the shallow part of a 
river, the stream — v. a. to pass a 
river without swimming 

Fordable, fd'rd-eb'l, a. capable of being 

Fore, fore, a. anterior, — ad. before 

Forearm, fore-ar'm, v. a. to provide f.r 
an assault or attack 

Forebode, fore-bo'de, v. n. to forelel, 
to prognosticate 

Forecast, fore-ka'st, v. a. tc scheme, to 
contrive, to foresee — s. contrivance 

Forecastle, f 6re-ka's*l, s. the forepart of 
a ship 

Forecited, fore-sl'-te'd, part . quoted be- 
fore [to preclude 

Foreclose, fore-klb'ze, v. a. to shut up, 

Foredoom , fore-do me, v. a. to predes- 
tinate, &c. 

Forefather, fore-f a'-ther, s. an ancestor 

Forefend, fore-f end', v. a. to prohibit, 
to avert, to secure 

Forego, fore-go', v. a. to quit, to give 
up, to go before 

Foreground, fore-ground,*, that part of 
a picture before the figures 

Forehand, forehUnd, s. the part of a 
horse which is before the rider— a. 
done too soon 

Forehead, fore hed, s. upper part of the 
face [not belonging to, extraneous 

Foreign, f 5r'-?n, a. not domestic, alien, 

Foreigner, fbY-tn-er, s. one of another 
country [beforehand 

Forejudge, fore-dzhtidzh', v. a. to judge 

Foreknow, fore-no', v. a. to know pre- 
viously [science 

Foreknowledge, fore-nbT -e'dzh, s. pre- 

Foreland, fo're-land, s. a promontory, a 

Forelay, fore-la', v. a. to lay wait for, 
to entrap [forehead 

Forelock, fo're-lok, 5. 'he hair on the 

Foreman, foreman, s. tne first or chit-; 
person on a jury, &c. 

Foremast, fo're-mast, s. the roaflt Aear- 
est the head of a ship 

FOR [ 116 ] FOR 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hill, liar — mSt, desist, m£, her — cWn, chine, field, shirt— 

Forementioned, fcre-men'-shbnd, a. 
mentioned before [mid-day 

Forenoon, fore-n6'ne, >s. the time before 

Forensic, fo-reV-sIk, a. belonging to 
courts of judicature 

Foreordain, fore-or-da'nc, v. a. to pre- 
destinate, to preordain 

Forepart, fore-part, s. the anterior part 

Forerank, fo're-rangk, s the first rank, 
the front 

Forerun, fore-run', v. a. to come before, 
to precede 

Forerunner, fore-run'-ner, s. a mes- 
senger sent before, a sign, a prog 

Foresay, fore-sa', v. a. to predict 

Foresee, fore-se, v. a. to see before- 

Foreshow, fore sho', v. a. to predict, 
to discover before it happens 

Foresight, fo'rc site, s. foreknowledge, 
provident care of futurity 

Forest, fbr'-e'st, s. a wild woody tract 
of ground 

Forestal, fore-sta'l, v. a. to take up be- 
forehand, to prevent, to anticipate 

Forester, f br'-es-ter, s. an officer of the 

Foretaste, fore- taste v. a. to taste 
beforehand — s. anticipation of 

Foretel, fore-teT, v. a', to predict— v. n. 
to utter prophecy 

Forethink, fore-think', v. a. to antici- 
pate in the mind 

Forethought, fore-that, s. prescience, 
anticipation, provident care 

Foretoken, fore-tok'n, s- a sign, prog- 
nostic — v. a. to foreshow 

Foretold, fore tcl'd, p. predicted, de- 
clared before it happens [wig 

Foretop, fo -re-top, s. the front of a peri- 
Forewarn, fore-wa'rn, v. a. to warn be- 
forehand, to caution against 

Fbrfeit, fbr'-f U, s. a penalty, a fine for 
an offence 

Forfeiture, fbr'-f ft -tire, s. the act of for- 
feiting, a thing forfeited, a fine 

Forge, fo'rdzh, 9. a place where iron is 
beaten into form — v. a. to form by 
the hammer, to counterfeit 

Forgery, fo'r-dzher-y, s. the crime of 
falsification- [of, to neglect 

Forget, fbr-gSt, v. a. to lose memory 

Forgetful, fbr-gSt'-f til, a inattentive, 
apt to forget 

Forgive, fbr-gl'v, v. a. to pardon, to 

Forgiven, fbr-glv'n, part, pardoned * 

Forgiveness, fdr-gfv'-ne's, s. willingness 
to pardon, act of pardon 

Forgotten, f br-gbt'n, part, not remem- 

Fork, f b'rk, s. an instrument with two 
or more prongs— v. n. to shoot into 
blades [more parts 

Forked, f oV-kgd, a. opening into two or 

Forlorn, f br-lb'rn, a. de,e$ted, helpless 

Form, f b'rm, s. shape, figure, method, . 
ceremony, a bench — v. a. to make, 
to model, to arrange 

Formal, fb'r-mal, a. ceremonious, af- 
fected, regular [preciseness 

Formality, fbr-maT-Y-ty, s. ceremony, 

Formation, for-ma'-shun, s. the act of 
forming, &c. 

Formative, fo'r-ma-t l iv, a. having the 
power of forming 

Formed, f or 'm-e'd, p. shaped,, modelled, 
planned, adjusted, arranged 

Former, f bV-mer, s. one -who forms — 
a. past, before another in time 

Formerly, f b'r-mer-ly\ ad. in time past 

Formidable, f 6'r m l i-deb'l, a. terrible, 
dreadful, terrific 

Formulary, fb'r-mu-lar-y,s. a book con- 
taining stated and prescribed models 

Fornicate, f o'r-nt-kate, v. n. to commit 

Fornication, f or n'l'-ka-shun, s. concu- 
binage, idolatry 

Fornicator, f o'r-ni-ka-tor, s. a man that 
has commerce with one unmarried 

Forsake, f or-sa'ke, v. a. to leave, to de- 
sert [deserted 

Forsaken, for-sa'k'n, part, neglected, 

Forsook, fbr-suk', pret. of Forsake 

Forsooth, for-suth', ad. in trnth, cer- 

Forswear, f br-sware, v. a. to renounce 
or den} r an oath, to perjure — v. n. to 
swear falsely 

Fort, f 6'rt, s. a fortified house, a castle 

Forth, forth, ad. forward, abroad, out 
ofdoofs [to appear 

Forthcoming, f 6rth-kum'-mg, a. ready 

Forthwith, forth-wfth', ad. immedi- 
ately, without delay 

Fortieth, f o r-tftfr, a. the fourth ten 

Fortification, f br-tt-fi-ka-shun, s. the 
science of military architecture, a 
place built for strength 

Fortify, f b'r-ti-fy, v. a. to strengthen, 
to encourage 

FOU t 117 3 FRA 

shfct, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— -truly, rye— thus, thick, 

Fortitude, f6'r-tf-tudc, s. courage, mag 
nanimity, strength 

Fortnight, f6'rt-nite, s. a space of two 
weeks [fortified place 

Fortress, fo'r-tr£s, s. a strong nold, a 

Fortuitous, for-tu'-*-tus, a. accidental, 
casual [successful 

Fortunate, for-tu-ngt, a. lucky, happy, 

Fortune, ffi 'r-tun,s. chance, possessions, 
esUte, portion, the good or ill that 
befals mankind 

Fortunehunter, foVtun-han'-te*r, s. a 
hunter of women of fortune 

Forty, fS'r-ty, a. four times ten 

Forum, for'-urn, s. court of justice, a 
public place, a market 

Forward, fbV-ward, a. confident, pre- 
mature— v. a. to hasten, to patronize, 
to advance 

Fosse, f6V, s. a ditch, a moat 

Fossil, fite'-sfl, a. dug out of the earth 
— 8. a mineral or shell 

Foster, f6s'-ter, v. a. to nurse, to bring 
up, to cherish 

Fosterbrother, fbs'-ter-broth-er, s. one 

. bred at the same breast 

Fosterchild, ftf'ster-tshild, s. a child 
brought up by those who are not its 
natural parents 

Fother, f5th'-er, s. a load, a weight of 
lead or metal [Fight 

Fought, fa't, s. prtt. a/id part, of 

Foul, ftful', a. not clean, impure, wick- 
ed, ugly — v. a. to daub, to dirty, to 
make filthy [face 

Foulfaced, foul'-fast, a. having an ugiy 

Foulmouthed, foul-m&uthd, a. scurril- 

Found, ftfu'nd, pret. and part, of Find 
— 9. a. to lay the basis of, to esta- 
blish, to cast metal 

Foundation, fQun-da-shun, s. the basis, 
the first principles or grounds, esta- 

Founder, foun-der, v. n. to sink to the 
bottom, to grow lame 

Fou; dery, fflu'n dr^, 5. a casting-house 

Foundling, fou'nd-h'ng, s. a deserted 

Fount, fount, or Fountain, ftfu'n-tan, s. 
a well or spring, a spout of water 

Four, fu're, a. twice two [many 

Fourfold, fo're-fold, a. four times as 

Fourfooted, fore-fut-Sd, a. quadruped 

Fourscore, fo're-skore, a. four times 

Fourteen, fd'-re-tene, a. four and ten 

Fowl, ftiw'l, s. a winged animal, a bird 
Fowler, fow'l-er, 5. a sportsman who 

pursues birds 
Fowlingpiece, fdw'l-mg-pts, s. a gun for 
biids [the dog kind, a knave 

Fox, fbks\ s. a wild cunning animal of 
Foxcase, fSks' -kase, s. the skin of a fox 
Foxchase, foks'-tshase, s. the pursuit of 
a fox with hounds [hunts foxes 

loxhunter, f6ks'-hunt-er, s. one who 
Foxtrap, fSks'-trap, s. a snare to catch 

Fraction, frak'-shun, s. the act of break- 
ing the broken part of an integral, 
dissension, strife 
Fractional, frak'-shon-al, a. belonging 
to a fraction [soma 

Fractious, frak'-shfcs, c.peevish,quarrel 
Fracture, frak'-ture, s. a breach, separa- 
tion of parts — v. a. to break a bone 
Fragile, frfcdzh'-ll, a. brittle, weak, frail 
Fragility, fra-dzhtl'-Y-ty, «. brittleness, 

weakness, frailty 
Fragment, fi ag'-ment, s. a part, an im- 
perfect piece 
Fragmentary, frag'-me'n-tar-y, a. com- 
posed of fragments 
Fragrant, fra'-gre'nt, a. ^weet smelling 
Frail, frale, s. a basket made of rushes, 

a rush — a. weak, liable to error 
Frailty, fraltj-ty, s. weakness, instabi- 
lity of mind 
Frame, frame, v. a. to form, to make, 
to regulate, co plan, to invent — s. any 
thing made to enclose or admit some- 
thing else,crder, regularity, construc- 
tion, shape 
Franchise, fran'-tshiz, s. an exemption, 
privilege, immunity, extent of juris- 
diction — v. a. to make free [tie 
Frangible, fran'-dzlrib'l, a. fragile, brit- 
Frank, frangk',a. liberal, open, ingenu- 
ous — s. a letter free from postage, a 
French coin— v. a. to exempt from 
payment [riferous gum 
Frankincense, frangk'-Yn-se'ns, s. an odo- 
Frantic, frari-tik, a. transported with 

passion, mad 
Fraternal, fra-ter'-nal, a. brotherly 
Fraternity, frfcL-ter'-nf-ty 1 , s. a corpora- 
tion, a society [a brother 
Fratricide, frat'-rt-side, s. the murder of 
Fraud, frad,s. deceit, a cheat, a trick 
Fraudulent, fra'-du-lent, a. trickish, 

Fraught, fr&'t, part, laden 
Fray, fra', s, a broil, a battle, a defect 

*Itf L H8.J F^O 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m&, her — chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Freak , fr6'ke, s. a sudden fancy, awl dm 
Freakish, fre'k-ish, a. capricious 
Freckle, freYl, s. a spot in the skin 
Freckled, fre'k'Pd, a. full of spots or 
freckles [exempt 

Free, fr&', a. at liberty, liberal, frank, 
Freebooter, fre-bo'-ter, s. a robber, a 
plunderer [berry 

Freeborn, fre'-bbrn, a. inheriting li- 
Freecost, fre-c5st, s. without expence 
Freedom, fre-d6m, s. liberty, privilege, 

Freehearted, fi e-ha'r-te'd, a. liberal, ge- 
nerous, kind [petual right 
Freehold, fre hold, s. land held in per- 
Freely, fre'-l^, ad. at liberty, without 

Freeman, fre'-man, s. one at liberty, or 

free of a corporation 
Freeminded, fre-nri'nd -fetl, a. uncon- 
strained, without care 
Freespoken, fre-spo'k'n, a. speaking 
without reserve [building 

Freestone, fre-stone, ?. a hard stone for 
Freethinker, fre-tfrtngk'-er, s. a con- 
temner or" religion 
Freeze, fre'ze, v. n. to be congealed with 


Freight, fr^'te, v. a. to load a ship 

with goods — s. the loading of a ship 

money due for transportation of 

goods [France 

French, frensh', a. of or belonging to 

Frenetic, fre'n'-e'-ttk, a. mad, distract- 

1 ed, frantic [tion ot mind 

Frenzy, fren'-zy, s. madness, distract- 

Frequent, fre'-kwent, a. often done, 

seen, or occurring 
Frequent, fre-kwent', v. a. to visit of- 
ten, to resort to Jkiness 
Fresco, frey-ko,$.asort of painting, dus- 
Fresh, fresh', a. cool, not salt, new, re- 
cent, florid, ruddy, brisk 
Freshen, fresh'n, v. a. to make fresh — 

v. n. to grow fresh 

Fret, fret', & agitation of mind, or 

liquors by fermentation — v. a. to 

wear away by rubbing— v. n. to be 

agitated [vexed 

Fretful, fret'-ful,a. peevish, being soon 

Fretwork, frfet'-work, s. raised work in 

masonry [powder 

Friable, fri'-eb'l, a. easily reduced to 

Friar, fri'ar, s. a religious brother of 

some order 
Friarlike, fri'ar-like, a. monastic, un- 
skilled in the world 

Friary, fri-ar-y^ s. a monastry or con- 
vent of friars a. fop— v. n. to trifle 
Fribble, frtb'l, insignificant fellow, 
Fricassee, frik-as-s&', s. chickens, &c. 
cut small, and dressed with strong 
sauce [bodies together 

Friction, frtk'-shun, s. act of rubbing 
Friday, fri-da, s. the sixth day of the 
week [nion, a favourer 

Friend, frend', s. an intimate compa- 
Frieze, fre'ze, s. a coarse warm cloth, a 

term in ornamental architecture 

Frigate, fri'gat, s. a ship of war under 

50 guns [a sudden terror 

Fright,fn te, v. a. to terrify — s. a panic, 

Frighten, fri't'n, v. a. to terrify, to 

daunt [terrible 

Frightful, fri'te-ftil, a. unbecoming, 

Frigid, frtdzh'-Yd, a. cold, impotent, 

dull, unmoved [dulne=;s 

Frigidity, frl-dzhid'-l-ty', 3. coldness, 

Frigorific, fri-go-rff '-Ik, a. causing cold 

Frill, frtT, v. n. to quake or shiver with 

cold — s. a kind of ruffle 
Fringe, frfndzh', s. ornamental trim- 
ming — v. a. to adorn with fringes 
Frippery, frtp-er-^, s. old clothes, pal- 
try, ridiculous finery, insignificant 
Frisk, frisk', v. n. to skip, to dance in 

frolic— s. a fit of wanton gaiety 
Frisky, frisk' -^, a. gay, airy, wanton 
Frit, frit', s. ashes or salt for making 
glass [of net 

Frith, firth, s. a strait of the sea, a kind 
Fritter, frtt'-ter, s. a small pancake — 
v. a. to crumble away in small parti- 
cles or fragments 
Frivolous, frfv'-d-lus, a. light, trifling, 
of no importance [culs 

Frizzle, frtzl, v. a. to curl in short 
Fro, fro', ad. backward, regressively 
Frock, frbk', s. a dress, a gown for 

Frog, frog^s. a small amphibious animal 
Frolic, frol'-lk, a. gay, wild, full of le- 
vity — s. a wild prank, a flight of 
whim and levity — v. n. to play 
pranks [gaiety or pranks 

Frolicsome, frol -Ik-som, a. full of 
From,fr8m',£>rep. away, out of, noting 

Front, fr6nt', s. the fore part, the van 
of an army, impudence— v. a. to op- 
pose directly, to stand opposite to 
Fronted, frdnt-e'd, a. formed with a 


:r 119 3 


shbt, note, ldse, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Frontier, frbn-tir, s. a limit, a boun- 
dary [French white wine 
Frontiniac, frbn-tfn-yak', s. a sweet 
Frontispiece, fr6n-tisp!se, s. that part 
of any thing that directly meets the 
eye, a picture facing the title page 
of a book [on the forehead 
Frontlet, front-let, s. a bandage worn 
Frost, frost, s. the power or act of con- 
gelation [frost 
Frostbitten, f i b'st-btt'n.r/. nipped by the 
Frosted, frbY-te'd, a. made in imitation 

of frost 
Frosty, fib's ty 1 , a. very cold, hoary 
Froth, fr&'tn, s. foam, empty show of 
words, &c. — v. n. to foam [trifling 
Frothy, fr5'th-?,a. full of froth, empty, 
Frouzy, fr6u'-zy\ a. fetid, strong, musty 
Froward, fro'-ward, a. peevish, ungo- 
vernable, perverse 
Frown, frbw'n, v. n. to knit the brows 
— s. a wrinkled look, a look of dis- 
Frozen, fro'z'n, part, of Freeze [fruit 
Fructiferous, frtik-ttf'-er-us, a. bearing 
Fructify, frtik'-ttfy, v. a. to make fruit- 
ful, to fertilize 
Fructuous, frttk'-tu 6s,a. fruitful, fertile 
Frugal, fru'-gal, a. thrifty, sparing 
Frugality, fru-gal'-Y-ty", s. good husban- 
dry, parsimony 
Fruit, fru't, s. the produce of the earth, 
trees, &c. the offspring of the womb 
Fruitbearing, frut-bare-Yng, a. produc- 
ing fruit [in fruit 
Fruiterer, fru't-er er, s. one who trades 
Fruitful, frut'-ful, a. plenteous, produc- 
ing fruit [session 
Fruition, fru-Ysh'-tin, s. enjoyment, pos- 
Fruitless, f rut'-ISs , a. barren, unprofit- 
able, void of fruit [duces fruit 
Fruit-tree, frut-trfe, s. a tree that pro- 
Frumentacious, fru-men-ta'-shus, a. 

made of grain 
Frumsty, frtim-e'-ty', s. food made of 
wheat boiled in milk and sweetened 
Frump, frnmp', v. a. to mock, to brow- 
beat — s. a foolish old woman 
I Frustrate, frtis'-trate, v. a. to defeat, to 
Frustrate, frtts-tre't, a. vain, useless, 
void [ment, defeat 

Frustration,frus-tra'-shan,s. disappoint 
Fry, fry', s. a swarm of little fishes. &c. 
—v. a. to dress food in a frying pan 
Fryingpan, frying-pan, s. a kitchen 
utensil for frying 

Fucus, fu'-kus, s. a paint, &c. for the 

Fuddle, f tid'l, v. a. to make drunk — 
v. n. to tipple [fire 

Fuel, fu'-el, s. the matter or aliment of 
Fugacious, fu ga'-shus a. volatile, fly- 
ing away 
Fugitive, fu-dzM-t'iv, a. unsteady, vo- 
latile— s. a runaway, a deserter 
Fulcrum, f til'-krrtm, s. support of a 

lever, point of suspension 
Fulfil, ful-f il, v. a. to complete, to per- 
form [pietely stored 
Fulfraught, ful-fra't, a. fully or corn- 
Fulgent, ful'-dzhe'nt, or Fulgid, ful'- 
dzlifd, a. shining, glittering [smoky 
Fuliginous, fii-h'dzh'-fn-us, a. sooty, 
Full, f til', a. replete, filled, crowded, 
perfect — s. complete measuic — v. a. 
to clean cloth 
Full-blown, ful'-blone, a. spread to the 

utmost extent 

Full-bottomed, ful'-bbt-tomd, a. having 

a large bottom [cloth 

Fuller, f til'-ler, s. a person who fulls 

Fullers earth, ful'-lerz-irth, s. a kind of 

soft marl or clay used in fulling 
Full-eyed, ful-i'de, a. having large pro- 
minent eyes 
Full-fed, ful-f Sd', a. sated, fat 
Fully, tul'-iy, ad. without vacuity,corn- 
pletely [very loud 

Fulminant, f til'-m''nt, a. thundering, 
Fulminate, f ul'-m'i-nate, v. a. to thun- 
der, to make a loud noise 
Fulmination, f ul-mtna'-shun, s. the act 
of thundering, a denunciation of cen- 
sure [plenty, satiety 
Fulness, ful'-ni^s, 5. state of being full, 
Fulsome, ful'-sdm, a. nauseous, offen- 
sive, rank [awkwardly 
Fumble, fum'b'l, v. n. to do things 
Fume, fu'-me, s. smoke, vapour, rage, 
conceit— v. n. to smoke, to be in a 
rage — v. a. to dry in the smoke 
Fumid, fumfd, a. smoky, vapourous 
Fumigate, fu'-mi-gate,t>. ??. to smoke, to 
perfume [raised by fire 
Fumigation, fu-mt-ga'-shun, $. a scent 
Fumous, fu'-mus, or Fumy, fu'-my*, a. 

producing fumes 
Fun, f u-n', *. sport, high merriment 
Function, f tingk'-shau, s. an employ- 
ment, an occupation 
Fund, fund', s. stock, capital 
Fundamental, fttn-da men'-tal, a. serving 
for the foundation, essential, original 

GAF [ 120 ] GAI 

Sounds. —hit, hate, hall, liar— met, desist, m£, her — chfn, chine, Held, shirt- 

Funeral, fu'-ner-al, s. the solemnization 

of a burial — a. used for burial 

Funeral, fu-ne'-ryal, a. suiting a fune 

ral, dark, dismal [spongy 

Fungous, fung'-gus, a. excrescent, 

Funicular, fu-ntk'-u-lar, a. consisting of 

small fibres 
Funnel, ftin'-nel, s. an instrument for 
conveying liquor into vessels, the 
hollow of a chimney 
Funny, ftin'ny, s. full of fun, merry 
Fur, fur', s. the soft hairy skins of seve- 
ral beasts, a substance sticking to the 
sides or bottom of a vessel 
Furbelow, fur'-be-ld, s. furor other or- 
namental trimming on the lower part 
of a garment [polish 

Furbish, fur'-Msh, v. a. to burnish, to 
Furious, fu'-ryus, a. mad, raging 
Furl, fur'l, v. a. to draw up, to contract 
Furlong, fur'-long, s. the eighth part of 
a mile [from military service 

Furlough, fur'-lo, s. leave of absence 
Furmety, fur'-me'-ty, 5. wheat boiled in 
milk [place 

Furnace, fur'-nas, s. an enclosed fire- 
Furnish, fur'-rifsh, v. a. to supply, to 

fit up, to equip, to adorn 
Furniture, fur'-n^-ture, s. goods in a 
house for use or ornament, appen- 
dages, equipage 
Furrier, fur'-ryer, s. a dealer in furs 
Furrow, fur'-d, s. a long trench or hol- 

Furry, fur'ry, a. covered with or made 

of fur 
Further, fur'-ther, ad. to a greater dis- 
tance— v. a. to forward, to promote 
Fury, fu-ry, s. madness, rage, enthusi- 
asm . [fuel, eorse 

Furze, fur'z, g. a prickly shrub used for 
Furzy, fur'-z?, a. overgrown with furze 
Fuse, fu'ze, v. a. to melt, to dissolve — 

v. rt. to be melted 

Fusee, fu'ze', s. the part round which 

the chain of a clock or watch is 

wound, a light musquet, a track for 

setting on fire a bomb or grenado 

Fusible, fu'-ztb'l, a. capable of being 

melted [with a fusil 

Fusilier, fu-zYM'r, s. a soldier armed 

Fusion, fu-zhbn, s. the state of being 

Fuss, fas', s. a tumult, a bustle 
Fustain, f fish'-tan, s. a kind of linen and 
cotton cloth, a bombast style— a. 
made of fustain, high-swelling 
Fusty, f tis'-ty, a. smeiling mouldy 
Futile, fu'-HI, a. trilling, worthless,ta!k- 

Futility, fu-tYl'-l'-ty, ^.vanity, loquacity 
Futuie, fu-turc, a. that which is to 

come—*?, the time to come 
Futurity, fu-tu'-rt ty>.tfce time to come 
Fuzz, f uz', v. a. to fly out in small par- 
Fy, fy\ interj. a word of blame or cen- 


GABARDINE, gab-ar-di'ne, s. a 
coarse frock 
Gabble, gab'l, v. n. to prate loudly and 

noisily— s. loud talk without meaning 
Gabel, gab'l, s. an excise, a tax 
Gabion, ga-byon, s. a wicker basket full 

of earth for fortification [building 
Gable, ga'bl, s. the sloping roof of a 
Gad, gad', s. an ingot of steel, a graver 

— v. n. to ramble about 
Gadfly gad'-fty,s. a fly the sting of which 

makes cattle gad or run wildly 
GafF, gaf', s. a harpoon or large hook 
Gaffer, gaf '-fer, s. an old country word 

for master 
Gaffles, gaf 'lz, s. artificial spurs upon 


Gag, gag', v. n. to stop the mouth— s. 

something to stop the rnouth 
Gage, ga'dzh, s. a pledge, a pawn, a 
caution — v. a. to lay down as a wa- 
ger, to pawn, to measure 
Gaggle, gag'l, v. n. to make a noise 

like a goose 
Gaiety, ga'-e-ty, s. cheerfulness,vivacity 
Gain, ga'ne, s. profit, advantage — v. a. 
to obtain, to procure — v. n. to en- 
croach [profits 
Gainer, gan-er, s. person who gains o: 
Gainly, ga-ne-lV, ad. handily, readily 
Gainsay, gane-sa, v. a. to contradict, to 
deny [flighty 
Gairish, ga-rfsh, a. gaudy, showy, fine, 
Gait, ga'te, s. manner and air of walking 


I m 3 

shot, note, 16se, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Galaxy, gaT-ak' sy, s. the milky way 

Galbanum, gaT-ba-num, s. a kind of gum 

Gale, gait , s. wind not tempestuous 

Galeated, gal'-ya-t^d, a. covered as with 
a helmet 

Gall, ga'l, s. bile, rancour, anger — v. a. 
to hurt by fretting the skin, to fret, 
to teaze, to vex ~ [brave 

Gallant, gal'-lant, a. gay, fine, specious, 

Gallant, gal-la'nt, a. inclined to court- 
ship— s. a nay sprightly man, a lover 

Gallantry, gal'-lan-try\ 5. shew, bravery, 
generosity, courtship [ship 

Galleon, gal-lyft'ne, s. a large Spanish 

Gallery, gal'-ler-v, s. a passage leading 
to several apartments, a balcony 

Galley, gaT-lV, s. a small vessel both 
tor sails and oars 

Galley-slave, gal-ltf-slave, $. any one 
' condemned to row the gallies 

Galliard, gaT-lyard, s. a gay brisk man, 
a sprightly dance 

Gallicism, gal-h'-stzm, #. a mode of 
speech peculiar to the French lan- 
guage [open hose 

Galligaskins, gal-lf-gas'.kYns, s. large 
' Gallimaufry, gal-lt-m*-rrjf, s. a hotch- 
potch, a medley 

Galliot, gaT-lyot, s. a small swift galley 

' Gallipot, gal'-li-pct, s. a pot painted and 

glazed [four quarts 

Gallon, gal'-lun, s. a liquid measure of 

Galloon. pal'-Ion', s. narrow ribband, a 
sort of lace 

Gallop, gal' -lop, v. n. to move by leaps 
— $. motion of a horse at full speed 

Galloway, gal' Iowa, s. a horse not 
above fourteen hands high 

Callows, gal -16s, s. a tree for executing 
malefactors [p a ° e 

Gaily, gal'-ltf, *. a printer's frame for a 

Gambade, gam-ba'de, or Gambado, 
gam-r>a'-do, s. a kind of large boot 
fixed to the saddle instead of stirrups 

Gamble, gam'b'!, r. a. to practise the 

arts of a gam b lei [gaming 

1 Gambler, gam'-blcr, s. one who follows 

{ Gambol, gam'-bo!, v. n. to dance, to 

skip, to frisk — 5. a skip, a frolic, a 

wild prank 

Game, ga'me, s. sport of any kind, 
mockery, a single match at play, ani- 
mals pursued in t- e held — v. n. to 
sport,to j lay extravagantly for money 
1 Gamecock, gamp-kfik, 5. a cock bred to 
fight [who looks after came 

Gamekeeper, game-kep-er, 5. a person 

Gamesome, ga'me-s6m, a. gay, sportive 
Gamester, ga'ms-ter, s. one viciously 

addicted to play 
Gammer, g'am'-mer, *. a country appel- 
lation fcfr mistress, mother, &c. 
Gammon, -gam'-mon, s. the buttock of a 
hog salted and dried [notes 

Gamut, gam'-iit, s. the scale of musical 
Gander,gan'-der,?.the male of the goose 
Gang, gang', s. a number hanging toge- 
ther, a troop 
Gangrene, gan'-gr&ne, s. a mortification 
Gangrenous, gan'-gre-nus, a. mortified, 
putrified [ship 

Gangway, gang'-wa, s. the passage in a 
Gannet, gan'-net, s. a species of duck 
Gantlet, gant'-let, s. a military punish- 
ment of a criminal, running between 
the ranks 
Gaol, dzale, s. a prison 
Gap, gap', s. a breach or opening, a hole 
Gape, gape, v. n. to yawn, to stare, to 
crave [appearance 

Garb, garb, s. dress, clothes, exterior 
Garbaee, ga'r-badzh, s. offals, the en- 
trails [separate 
Garble, ga'rb'l, v. a. to sift, to part, to 
Garboil, gar-bifrl, s. trouble, disturb. 

ance, uproar 
Garden, ga'rd'a, s. a piece of ground 
enclosed and planted with herbs or 
fruits — v. n. to cultivate a garden 
Gardener, gar'-dfe'n-er, 5. one who lays 

out gardens 
Gardening, ga'rd-nYng, s. the act of 

cultivating or planning gardens 
Gargle, ga'rg'l, v.. a. to wash the mouth 
and throat, ro warble — s. a liquor to 
wash the throat and mouth 
Garish, gar'-ish, a. shewy, fine, gaudy 
Garland, ga'r-land, s. a wreath of 

branches or flowers 
Garlic, ga'r-h'k, s. a plant [the body 
Garment, sa'r-me'nt, s. any covering for 
Garner, ga'r-neY, s. a place to store up 

e>ain— v. a. to store in garners 
Garnet, gar-net, s. a red gem 
Garnish, ga'r-nfsh, v. a. to decorate, to 
set off— 5. ornament [bellishmcnt 
Garniture, ga'r-ni'-ture, ?. ornament, em- 
Garret, gar'-ret, 5. a room on the high- 
est floor [in a garret 
Garreteer, ga'r-rfct b're, 5. one that live* 
Garrison, ga'r-rt-s6n, *. soldiers in a 
fortified place— r. a. to secure by 

GEM [ 122 ] GEN 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt — 

Garrulity, gar-ru'-lf-t^, s. loquacity 
Garrulous, gar'-ru-16s, a. talkative 
Garter, ga'r-ter, s. to tie up the stock- 
ing, badge of the order of the gaiter 
Garth, garth, s. a court yard 
Gas, gas', s. a spirit not capable of be- 
ing coagulated 
Gasconade, gas-ko-na'de, s. a boast, a 

bravado — v. n. to brag 
Gash, gash', 5. a deep cut or wound 
Gaskins, gas'-kfnz, 6'. wide hose or 

Gasp, gasp', v. n. to pant for breath— s. 

a short catch of the breath 
Gate, ga'te, 5. a large door, an entrance 
Gateway, ga'te-wa, s. a way under a 
building, or through ground inclosed 
Gather, gath-er, v. a. to collect, to 
bring together, to pick up, to glean, 
to pucker needle-work — v. n. to as- 
semble, to fester— s. a pucker, a cloth 
drawn in wrinkles 
Gathering, gath'-er-ing, s. a collection 
Gaude, ga'd, s. an ornament, finery — 

v. n. to exult, to rejoice 
Gaudy, ga'-d^, a. showy, splendid, 

pompous—*, a festival in colleges 
Gave, ga've, pret. of Give 
Gavelkind, gav'-el-kind, s. an equal di- 
vision of lands among all the sons 
Gauge, ga'dzh, v. a. to measure the 
contents of a vessel — s. a measure, a 
Gaunt, gant', a. thin, slender, lean 
Gauntlet, gant'-let, s. an iron glove for 
defence, &c. [silk, &c. 

Gauze,ga'z, s. a kind of thin transparent 
Gay, ga\ a. cheerful, merry, fine 
Gaiety, ga-f-tjf, ^.cheerfulness, airiness, 
finery [earnestly 

Gaze, ga'zp, v. n. to look intently or 
Gazette, ga-zef, s. a paper of public au- 
thentic intelligence [zettes, &c. 
Gazetteer, gaz-et-te're, s. a writer of ga- 
Gazingstook, ga'-zmg-stbk, s. a person 
gazed at with scorn [ traces 
Gear, ge~'re, s. furniture, accoutrements, 
Geese, ge's, s. plural, of Goose 
Gelatine, dzheT-a-tmu, or Gelatinous, 

dzhe'-lat'-tn-us, a. made into a jelly 
Geld, geld', v. a. to castrate 
Gelding. geT- ding, s. a horse that has 

been castrated 
Gelid, dzheT-fd, a. extremely cold 
Gelly, dzhel'-ly>.a gluey substance, &c. 
Gem, dzhem', s. a jewe 1 or precious 
\ stone, the first bud 

Gemination, dzhem-m-a-shun, s. repe- 
tition, reduplication 

Gemini, dzhem'-m-y 1 , s. twins, a sign in 
the zodiac 

Geminous, dzhem'-fn-us, a. double 

Gemmary, dzhfem'-mar-y, a. pertaining 
to gems or jewels 

Gender, dzhen'-der, s. a kind, a sort, a 
sex — v. a. to beget, to cause — v. n. 
to breed, produce 

Genealogical, dzhen'e-a-lodzh''?-kal, a. 
pertaining to pedigrees 

Genealogist, dzhe'n-e al-6-dzhfst, s. one 
who traces descents 

Genealogy, dzhen-e-al'-o-dzhy, s. his- 
tory of family succession 

General, dzhen'-er-al, a. common, usual, 
extensive — s. one that commands an 

Generalissimo, dzh£n-er-al-?-s-'i-rnd, s. a 
commander in chief 

Generality, dzhen-er-al-'i-ty, s. the bulk, 
the main part 

Generate, dzhen e>-ate, v. a. to beget, 
to cause, to produce 

Generation,dzhe'n-er-a'-shun ) s.offspring, 
progeny, age [prolific 

Generative, dzhen'-er-a-tfv, a. fruitful, 

Generic, dzhen-er-ik, a. that compre 
hends or regards the genos 

Generosity, dzh£n-er-5s'-¥-t$, s. magna- 
nimity, liberality 

Generous, dzhe"n-er-us, a. noble, liberal, 

Genesis, dzhe'n'-e-sYs, s. the first book ol 
Moses, generation 

Genet, dzhen'-fet, s. a small well-made 
Spanish horse 

Geneva, dzhe'n-e' -v a", s. the spirit of ju 

Genial, dzhe'-nyal, a. contributing to 
propagation or natural cheerfulness 

Geniculated, dzhen-ttt'-u la-te"d, a. knot- 
ted, jointed 

Genii, dzhe-n^-7, s. spirits or demons 
supposed to preside over men's actions 

Genetin", dzhen'-t ttng, *. an early ap- 
ple gathered in June [in Latin 

Gerritive,dzhen'- , i-trv, a. the second case 

Genius, dzhe-nyus, ?. a spirit either 
good or evil, mental power, disposi- 
tion, nature 

Genteel, dzhen-te'le, a. polite, civil, 
graceful, elegant in behaviour 

Gentian, dzh'm'-shan, s.h sort of plant 

Genrile, dzh&i ti'le, 5. a heathen, a 

GE3 t 123 ] GTP 

shtit, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Gentility, dzh£n-tfl'A'-ty\ *. good ex- 
traction, dignity of birth, elegant be- 
haviour, heathenism 

Gentle, dzhent'l, a. mild, tame, meek— 
s. the maggot of a llesh fl y [birth 

Gentleman, dzhenfl-ma'n, s. a man of 

Gentlemanlike, dzhent'l-manlike, a. 
becoming a gentleman 

Gentleness, dzhe'nt'l-ne's, s. softness, 
placid temper 

Gentlewoman, dzhent'l-wum-an, s. a 
Avoman of good birth 

Gently, dzhen' meekly, tenderly 

Gentry, dzhen'-tr?, s. people above the 
vulgar [act of kneeling 

Genuflection, dzhe'-nu-fleV'-shun, s. the 

Genuine, dzh£n'-u-tn, a. free from adul- 
teration, natural 

Genu', dzhe'-nus, s. a class of beings 
comprehending under it many species 

Geocentric, dzh&'-o sgn"-trtk, a. in as- 
tronomy, having the earth for its 
centre [describes the earth 

Geographer, dzhe-bg'-ra-fer, f. one who 

Geographical, dzhe-6-graf -f-kaU, a. re- 
lating to geography 

Geography, dzhe-Sg'-r&fy 1 , *. the know- 
ledge of the earth [tune teller 

Geomancer, dze'-6-man-ser, s. a for- 

Geomancy, dzhe-6-man-sy, s. the act of 

' foretelling by figures 

Geomantic, dznti'-o-man'-tik, a. pertain- 
ing to geomancy [in geometry 

Geometer, dzhe-5m' e-ter, s. one skilled 

Geometric, dzhe 6-me.t"-rfk, a. pertain- 
ing to geometry 

Geometry, dzhe-8m'-e-try\ s. the science 
of quantity, extension or magnitude 
abstractedly considered 

George, dzhtt'rdzh, s. the figure of St. 
George on horseback worn by the 
knights of the garter, a brown loaf 

Georaic, dzhb'r-dzhfk, s. a rural poem 

German, dzher'-man, s. a first cousin — 
«/. related 

Germe, dzherm', 5. a sprout, a shoot 

Germinate, dzher'-rhin-ate, v. n. to 
shoot, to bud [noun 

Gerund, dzher'-tind, s. a kind of verbal 

Gestation, dzhgs ta'-shtin, s. the act of 
bearing young 

GestictttBte, dzhes-tfik-u-late, v. n. to 
play antic tricks, foe. 

Gesticulation, dzhgs-t l ik-u-la-shun, s. 
antic, tricks, various postures 

Gesture, dzh£s'-ture?, s. posture, move, 
rnent of the body 

Get, get', v. a. to procure, to obtain, to 
win, to learn — v. n. to be a gainer 

Gewgaw, gu'-ga, s. a bauble — a. trifling 

Ghastly, gast'-lv, a. frightful, dismal 

Gherkin, ceV-kln, s. a small cucumber 
for pickling 

Ghost, go'st, s. the soul, a spirit 

Giant, dzhl'ant, s. one unnaturally tall 
and large [vast 

Giantlike, dzhi'-£nt-like, a. gigantic, 

Gibberish, gtb'-ber-ish, 5. cant, unintel- 
ligible talk 

Gibbet, dzhYb'-be't, s. a gallows — v, a. to 
hang or expose on a gibbet 

Gibbous, gfb'-bus, a. convex, crook- 

Gibe, dzhibe, v. a. to scoff, to ridicule, 
to taunt — s. a sneer, a scoff 

Giblets, dztab'-Ms, s. parts of a goose 
or turkey cut off before it is roasted 

Giddy, gtd'-d^, a. whirling, unsteady, 

Giddy brained, gW-dV-bran'd, or Giddy- 
headed, gtd'-djf h&l-gd, a. unsteady, 
thoughtless, careless [or faculty 

Gift, gift', s.a thing given, abribe.power 

Gifted, g v if '-ted, a. endowed with extra- 
ordinary powers [play 

Gig, gig', s. any thing whilled round in 

Gigantic, dzhi-gan'-tlk, a. giantlike, big, 
bulky [titter 

Giggle, gfg'l, v. it. to laugh idly, to 

Gild, %\\d',v.a. to wash over with gold, 
to adorn [nament 

Gilding, gil'-dfng, s. gold laid on for or- 

Gill, dzhtl', s. the fourth part of a pint, 
ground ivy [fish's head 

Gill, gtt', s. apertures at the side of a 

Gillyflower, dzMl'-l^-flow-er, s. the July 

Gilt, g'ilt', pret. and part, of Gild— s. 
golden show, gold laid [screws 

Gimlet, glm'-let, e. a borer for nails or 

Gimp, gVmp', s. a kind of silk twist or 

Gin, dzhin', s. a snare, spirits drawn 
out of juniper berries 

Ginger, dzhi'n'-dzher, s. a warm, spicy 
Indian root 

Gingerbread, dzhW-dzher-bre'd , 3. bread 
made of flower, ginger, treacle, Arc. 

Gingle, dzhtn'-g'l, v. a. to make a tink- 
ling noise — s. a shrill resounding 
Gipsy, dzhtp'-sy, <?. a vagabond who pre- 
tends to tell fortunes 
M o 


C 124 j 


Sounds. — h&t, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, nits, her — cMn, chine, field, shirt 

Girandole, dzhir'-lin-ddle, s. a branched 

Gird, gird', v. a. to bind round, to in- 
vest, to encircle—v. n. to gibe, to 
sneer [a floor 

Girder, gir'-der, s. the largest timber on 
Girdle, gtrd'l, s. any thing tied round 
the waist [woman 

Girl, gir'l, s. a female child or young 
Girlish, girl'-'fsh, a. acting like a girl, 
youthful [drawn 

Girt, girt', v. to gird — s. a cable tight 
Girth, girtn, s. a band for fixing a saddle 

upon ahorse 
(Jive, gV, v. a. to bestow, to grant, to 

yield, to allow, to pay 
Gizzard, gtz'-zard, s. the musculous sto- 
mach of a fowl 
Glaciation, gli-shya' -shun, s. the act of 

freezing, ice formed 
Glacis, gla.sVs, s. a sloping bank 
Glad, glad', a. cheerful, gay, pleasing— 
v. a. to make glad, to cheer, to exhi- 
Gladden, glad'n, v. a. to make glad 
Glade, glade, s. a lawn or opening in a 
wood [sword-player 

Gladiator, gla-dya'-tor, ». a prize fighter, 
Gladly, glad'-ly\ ad. joyfully, with glad- 
Gladness, glad'-nfes, s. chearfulness, joy 
Gladsome, glad'-som, a. pleasing, gay, 

Glaire, glare, s. the white of an egg, a 
kind of halbert— v. a. to smear with 
the white of an egg 
Glance, gla'ns, s. a sudden shoot of 
light oi splendour, a stroke or dart 
of the beam of sight, a quick view — 
v. n. to emit rays of splendour, to 
censure by oblique hints 
Gland, gl&'nd, s. a smooth fleshy sub- 
stance serving to the secretion of hu- 
mours [dent to horses 
Glanders, gla'n-derz, s. a disease inci- 
Glandiferous, glan-dtf '-er-us, a. bearing 
mast or acorns [to the glands 
Glandulous, glan'-du-lus, a. pertaining 
Glare, glare, v. v. to shine so as to daz- 
zle the eyes— s. overpowering lustre, 
splendour [barefaced 
Glaring, gla-rtng, a. shining, bright, 
Glass, gl&'s, s. an artificial transparent 
substance — a. vitreous, made of glass 
— v. n. to cover with glass, to glaze 
Glassfurnace, glas-fur-nas, s. a furnace 
foi making glass in 

Glassgrinder, glas' grlnd-er, s. one who 

polishes or grinds glass 
Glasshouse, glas-hous, s, a house where 

glass is made [glass 

Glassman, gla's-m&n, s. one who sells 
Glassmefal, glaY-mSt'l,*. ^lass in fusion 
Glasswork, gla'swork, *. manufactory 

of glass 
Glassy, glft's-s^, a. made of or like glass 
Glaucous, gla kus, a. of a pale green 

Glave, gla've,s.a broad sword, a falchion 
Glaze, glaze, v. a. to furnish or cover 

with glass [dows 

Glazier,gla'-zher, s. one who glazes win- 
Glede, gl£de, s. a kite, a sort of hawk 
Gleam, gl&'me, s. a sudden shoot of 

light, brightness 
Gleamy, gle-my,a.fiashing,darting light 
Glean, gle'ne, v. a. to gather any thing 

thinly scattered [the thing gleaned 
Gleaning, elfc'n-'fng,s.tne act of gleaning, 
Glebe, de be, 5. turf, soil, church-estate 
Glee, gle, s. joy, merriment, a sort of 

song [from a sore 

Gleet, glfe'te, s. thin matter running 
Glen, eleV, s. a valley, a dale 
Glib, glib', a. smooth, slippery, voluble 
Glibly, ghb'-iy, ad. smoothly, volubly 
Glide, gli'de, v. n. to flow gently, to 

move smoothly [appear faintly 

Glimmer, glW-mer, v. n. to shine or 
Glimpse, gltmp's, *. a weak faint or 

quick flashing light, a short view 
Glisten, gh's'n, v. n. to shine, to sparkle 

with light [shine 

Glister, glfs'-ter, s. a clyster — v. n. to 
Glitter, gltt'-ter, v. n. to shine, to 

gleam, to be striking— s. lustre, 

Gioar, glo're, v. a. to squint, to stare 
Gloat, glo'te, v. n. to cast side glances 

as a timorous lover [globe 

Globated, glo'-ba-tSd, a. formed like a 
Globe, glo'be, s. a sphere, the terraque- 
ous ball 
Globose, glo-bo'se, or Globular, glb'b-u 

lar, or Globulous, glbb'-u-lus, a 

round, spherical [rical 

Globosity, gld-bos'-f-tV, s. a being sphe- 
Globular, gl6V-u-lar, a. round, like a 

globe [pirticle 

Globule, sdbb'-ule, s. a small spherical 
Glomerate, glom'-er-ate, v. a. to gather 

into a ball 
Gloom, glo'me, *. cloudiness, want of 

li ht, heaviness of mind, svUlenness 


t 125 3 


shftt, note, l&se, actor — htit, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Gloomy, glom-^, a. obscure, sullen, 

cloudy of look, melancholy 
Gloried, gld'-ryd,a. illustrious, honour- 
able * [act of giving glory 
Glorification, glo-rt-fl-ka'-shtin, s. the 
Glorify, glo'-rt-ry, v. a. to honour, to 
extol, to worship [splendid 
Glorious, glo -ryus, a. noble, illustrious, 
( iory, glo'-ry\ s. praise, honour, fame, re- 
nown— v. n. to boast in or be proud of 
Gloss, gifts', s. a comment, a superficial 
lustre— v. a. to explain, to palliate, to 
adorn L obscure or antiquated words 
Glossary, gloY-ser-^, s. a dictionary of 
Glossy, glbV-sy, a. shining, smoothly 

polished, bright 

Glove, glov', 5. a cover for the hand 

Glover, glov'-er, s. a maker or seller of 

gloves [sullen 

Glout, glttu't, v. n. to pout, to look 

Glow, glo', v. n. to shine with heat, to 

feel passion of mind or activity of 

fancy — 5. shining heat, brightness of 

colour [a luminous tail 

Glow-worm, glo'-worm,*. an insect with 

Glue, glu', $. a cement to join wood, 

&c. — v. a. to join with glue 
Glum, gltim', a. sullen, stubbornly grave 
Glut, gltit', v. a. to devour, to cloy, to 
saturate — s. great plenty, more than 
enough [tenacious 

Glutinous, glu-tm-us, a. gluey, viscous, 
Glutton, glttt' who eats to excess 
Gluttony, glut'-on-y", s. excess of eating 
Gnarl, narl, v. n. to growl, to snarl 
Gnash, na"sh', v. n. to grind the teeth in 
a rage [teeth 

Gnashing, n&sh'-fng, s. grinding the 
Gnat, nat', s. a small winged stinging in- 
sect [rage, to pick with the teeth 
Gnaw, na\ v. a. to bite in agony or 
Gnomon, no'-mon, s. the hand or pin of 
a dial [dialling 

Gnomonics, no-m&n'-fks, s. the art of 
Go, go', v. n. to move, to proceed, to 

travel, to pass 
Goad, go'de, s. a pointed stick to drive 
cattle with— v. a. to prick or drive 
with a goad, to stimulate 
Goal, gol<?, $. a starting post, final pur- 
pose or end 
Goar, go're, s. slanting piece to widen a 
garment, any edging sewed upon 
cloth [tween a deer and a sheep 

Goat, gb'te, s. a ruminating animal be- 
Goatherd, go te-herd, s. one who tends 

Goatish, go'te-tsh, a. lustful, like a goat 
Gobbet, gob'-bet, s. a mouthful— v. a. 
to swallow at a mouthful [noise 

Gobble, gbb'l, v. a. to eat hastily with 
Goblet, gob-let, 4. a bowl or large cup 
Goblin, gftb'-ltn, s. an evil spirit, a 
phantom, a fairy [child] en to walk 
Go cart, go'-kart, s. a machine to teach 
God, gSd', s. the Supreme Being 
Godchild, god'-tshild, s. a child for 
whom one became a sponsor at bap- 
tism [whom one is a sponsor 
Goddaughter, god-da-ter, s. a girl for 
Goddess, god'-dgs, s. a female divinity 
Goddess-like, god'-dts-llke, a. resem- 
bling: a goddess [sor in baptism 
Godfather, gSd'-fa-ther, s. a male spon- 
Godhead, god'-hed, s. divine nature, 
the Deity [atheistical 
Godless, god'-Ie's, a. irreligious, wicked. 
Godlike, god'-like, a. divine, supremely 
excellent [piety 
Godliness, god'-l^-nes, s. fear of God, 
~odly, god'-ly 1 , a. pious, religious, 

Godmother, god'-mSth er, s. a femaie 

who becomes sponsor at baptism 
Godson, god'-son, s. one for whom one 

has been sponsor 
Goggle, gog'l, v. n. to look asquint 
Goggle eyed, gdg'1-kte, a. squint eyed, 
having large eyes [departure 

Going, go'-lng, s. the act of walking, 
Gold, go'ld, s. the heaviest and most 
precious of all metals, money — a. 
made of gold [beats gold 

Goldbeater, gold-be-ter, 5. one who 
Golden, go'ld'n, a. made of gold, yel- 
low, valuable, delightful 
Goldfinch, go'ld-ftnsh, s. a small sing 
in? bird [nufactures gold 

Goldsmith, gold-smVth, s. one who ma- 
Gondola, gon'-do-l&, s. a boat much 

used in Venice 
Gondolier, gon-dd-li'r, s. a boaiman 
Gone, gS'ne, part, of Go, past, lost, 
dead [venereal discharge 

Gonorrhoea, g&n-br e a, s. a morbid 
Good, gud'. a. wholesome, proper, 
sound not evil — s. the contrary to 
evil, virtue [gance 

Goodness, giid'-iy-ne's, s. grace, ele- 
Goodliness, gud'-ne"s, s. favour, benevo- 
lence, piety [chandize 
Goods, gud'z, s. furniture, wares, mer- 
Goody.gud'-dy", s. an old term of civility 
M 3 

GOW [ 126 ] GRA 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m£, her — chfn, chine, field, shirt 

Goose, go'se, j. a large water fowl, a 
taylor's smoothing iron 

Gooseberry, go'se-ber-ry, s. a small tree 
and its fruit [lied 

Gorbellied, g5'r-bel-iyd, a. fat, bigbel- 

Gore, go're, s. blood clotted or con- 
gealed— v. a. to stab, to pierce with 

Gorge, gtf'rdzb, s. the throat, the swal- 
low — v. a. to fill up to the throat, to 
glut, to swallow [splendid 

Gorgeous, gft'r-dzhus, a. fine, showy, 

Gorget, gtff-dzhe't, 5. a breast-plate 
worn by military officers 

Gorgon, gor-g6n, s. any thing ugly or 
horrid [feed ravenously 

Gormandize, g&'r-man-dlze, v. ft. to 

Gorse,gS'rs,s.furze,a thick prickly shrub 

Gory, go'-r^, a. covered with congealed 
blood [large kind 

Goshawk, goV-hak, s. a hawk of a 

Gosling, goz'-ling, s. a young goose 

Gospel, gbV-pel, s. God's word, the 
holy book of the Christian revelation 
— v. a. to instruct in the Christian 
religion [of plants 

Gossamer, gos'-sa-mer, s. the fine down 

Gossip, gos'-slp, s. a sponsor in baptism, 
a tatler — v. n. to chat, to be merry 

Get, g5t', pret. of Get 

Gothic, gotft'-fc, a. after the manner of 
the Goths, antique 

Gotten, got'n, fart, of Get 

Govern, gov'-eru, v. a. to direct, to re- 
gulate, manage 

Governance, gov'-er-nans, s. rules, ma- 
nagement, behaviour 

Governante, gov-er-na'nt, $. a governess 
for young ladies 

Governess, gov-er-ne's, ?. a tutoress, a 
lady having authority 

Government, gov'-ern-me'nt, s. an esta- 
blishment of legal authority, execu- 
tive power, management 

Governor, gov'-er-nor. s. one who rules 
with authority, a manager, a tutor 

Gouge, g6'dzh, s. achissel with a round 

Gourd, go'rd, 5. a sort of plant, a bottle 

Gourdy, go'r-dy, o. swelled in the legs, 

Gout, gfiu't, s. a periodical painful dis- 
ease, a drop [with the gout 

Gouty, poCL-tf, a. afflicted cr diseased 

Gown, gow'n, 5. a long upper garment 

Gownman, gow'n-mdn, s.aman devoted 
to the acts of peace 

Grace, gra'sr, *. kindnoai, favour, par* 
don, privilege, beauty, dignity, ele- 
gance, a short prayer before and after 
meat— v. a. to adorn, to dignify, to 

Grace-cup, graso!<op, 5. the cup or 
health drunk after grace 

Graceful, grase-fal, a. beautiful, digni- 
fied [doned 

Graceless, gra'se-les, a. wicked, aban- 

Gradle, grssVfl, a. slender, small, 
lean [virtuous, good 

Gracious, gra' shtis, a. merciful, kind, 

Gradation, tira-da shun, s. regular pro- 
gress or advance [steps 

Gradatory, grad' a tor ?, s. a flight of 

Gradiant, gra-dyl'nt, a. walking 

Gradual, grad'-Ctal, a. proceeding by 
degrees or advancing step by step 

Graduate, grad'-u-ate, v. a. to dignify 
with a degree, to mark with degrees, 
to heighten 

Graduate, grad'-u-et, s. a man dignified 
with an a<ad- mical degree 

Graduation, grad-u-a'-shlln, *. regular 
progression, the act of conferring 
academical decrees 

Graff, gra'f, or Graft, gra'ft, *. a young 
branch— v. a. to insert a branch of 
one tree into the stock of another 

Grain, graW, s. all kinds of corn, the 
seed of any fruit, a minute particle, 
the smallest weight, the direction of 
the fibres of wood or other matter, 
the fonn of the surface with regard 
to roughness and smoothness 

Grained, gra'n'd, a. rough, made less 
smooth [brewing 

Grains, gra'nz, s. the husks of malt in 

Gramineous, gra-mln'-yus, a. grassy 

Grammar, gram'-mar, s. the science of 
speaking and writing correctly, a 
book that treats of the various rela- 
tions of words to one another 

Grammarian, gram-ma'-ryan, s. one who 
teaches irrammar 

Grammatical, gram'-mat'-lf-kal, a. be- 
longing to grammar 

Grampus, gram'-pus, s. a larg«s fish of 
the whale kind [threshed corn 

Granary, gran'-ar-y", s. a storehouse for 

Granate, gr'sn'-e't, s. a kind of fine spec- 
kled marble 

Grand, grand', a. illustrious, noble, 
splendid, high in power 

Granddaughter, gran'-d* ter, *. the 
daughter of a son or daughter 

GRA [ 127 ] GR£ 

shftt, note, 16se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Grandchild, grand'- tshlld, s. the child 

of a son or daughter [rank or power 
Grandee, gran-de, s. a man of great 
Grandeur, gran' dure, s. state, magnifi 

cence [ther of a father or mother 

Grandfather, gran'-fa-ther, s. the fa- 
Grandiloquous, gran-dtl' 6-kwtls, a. 

speaking in a lofty style 
Grandmother, gran'-moth-er, s. the 

father's or mother's mother 
Grandsire, gr&nd'-slre, s. a grandfather, 

an ancestor [or daughter 

Grandson, grand'-son, s. the son of a son 
Grange, gra'ndzh, s. a farm-house, a 

lone house 
Granite, graV-tft, s. a stone composed 

of separate and very large concretions 
Granivorous, gr&nYv'-o-rus, a. eating or 

Jiving upon grain 
Grannam, gran'-am, s. a grandmother 
Grant, grant, v. a. to admit, to bestow 

— s. the thing granted, a gift 
Grantee, gra'n-t&, s. he to whom a grant 

is made [grant is made 

Grantor, gra'nt-6r, s. he by whom a 
Granulate, gr&n'-u-late, v. a. to form 

into small grains 
Granulation, gran'-u-la-shtin, 5. the act 

of forming small parts like grains 
Granulous, gran'-u-lus, a. full of little 

Grape, grape, s. the fruit of the vine 
Graphical, graf '-t-kal, a. well delineated 
Grapnel, grap'-nel, s. a small anchor, 

an iron hook with which one ship 

fastens on another 
Grapple grap'l, v. n. to contend by 

seizing each other — v. a. to fasten, 

<o lay hold of 
Grasp, gra'sp, v. a. to hold in the hand, 

to seize— s. gripe or seizure of the 

hands, possession 
Grass, gra's, s. the common herbage of 

fields on which cattle feed 
Grasshopper, gras-hbp-per, s. a small 

chirping insect that hops 
Grassy, gra s-sy, a. covered with grass 
Grate, gra'te, 5. an enclosure made 

with bars, a range of bars within 

which fires are made — v. a. to rub or 

wear away, to offend by harshness 
Grateful, grate-ful,a. having a due sense 

of benefits, pleasing, acceptable 
Gratification, gra -tt-f t-ka'-shtin, s. the 

act of pleasing, pleasure, recompence 
Gratify, grat'-l-fy, v. a. to indulge, re- 

Grating, gra -tmg,y.any thing consisting 
of bars crossed, &c— a. harsh, rough 
Gratis, gra'-tfs, ad. without reward 
Gratitude, grat'-Y-tude, s. duty to bene- 
factors, a desire, to return benefits 
Gratuitous, gra-tu'-t-tus, a. voluntary, 
granted without claim or merit, as- 
serted without proof [compence 
Gratuity, gra-tu'-f-ty, s. a free gift, re- 
Gratulate, grat'-u late, v. a. to salute 
with declarations of joy, to wish joy 
to [of gi atulating, salutation 
Gratulation, grat u-la'-shun, s. the act 
Gratulatory, grat"-u-la-tor.y, a. expres- 
sing gratulation 
Grave, gra've, s. the place in which the 
dead are deposited, the name of an 
accent — u. a. to carve or insculp — 
v. n. to delineate on hard substances 
— a. solemn, serious, not showy 
Gravel, graV-el, s. hard sand, sandy 
matter concreted in the kidneys — v.a. 
to cover with c ravel, to puzzle 
Gravelly, graV-el-iy,#. abounding with 
gravel [cently 
Gravely, gra've-iy, ad. seriously, de- 
Gravestone, grave-stone, s. a stone 

placed over the grave 
Gravid, grav'-td, «. big, heavy 
Gravitate, grav'A'-tate, v. n. to tend to 

the center of attraction 
Gravitation, grav-1-ta-sbun, 5. the act of 
tending to the centre [ness 

Gravity, graV-t-ty, s. weight, serious- 
Gravy, gra-vy, s. the juice of roasted 
meat, &c. [hoary, dark 

Gray, gra, a. white mixed with black, 
Graze,, gra'ze, v. n. to feed on grass, to 
touch lightly [cattle 

Grazier, gra'-zhyer, s. one who feeds 
Grease, grese, s. the soft part of the 
fat — v. a. to smear with grease, to 
bribe [with grease 

Greasy, gre'-sy, a. oily, fat, smeared 
Great, gre'te, a. large, eminent, illus- 
trious [large belly 
Greatbellied, gre'te-bel-iyd, a. having a 
Greatness, grete-ne's, *. grandeur, mag- 
Greaves, gre'vz, s. armour for the legs 
Grecism, gre stzm, 5. idiom of the 

Greek language 
Greedy, gr6'-dy, ar, ravenous, eager, 

Green, gre'ne, a. blue mixed with yel- 
low, fresh, unripe, young — s.a green 
colour, a grassy plain 

GR1 t 1C8 J GRO 

Sounds — h&t, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her — chYn, chine, field, shirt.— 

Greencloth, gre'ne-knrVth , s. a court of 
justice of the king's houshold 

Greeneyed, grene-id^, a. having green- 
ish eyes [ing bird, a fish 

Greenfinch, gre'ne-f'i'nsh, s. a small sing 

Greengage, grene-ga'dzh, s. a species of 
plum [tender plants 

Greenhouse, greW-hous, s. a house tor 

Greenish, gre'n tsh,a. somewhat green 

Greensickness, sren< B -stk-ne's, s. a dis- 
ease, so called from the paleness 
which it produces 

Greensward, grene sward, s. a turf on 
which grass grows 

Greet, gre'te, v. a. to address, to con 
gratulate — v. n. to meet and salute 

Greeting, gre'-ti'ng, s. a kind salutation 
at meeting [Hocks or herds 

Gregarious, gr£-ga'-ryus, a. going in 

Grenade, gre-na'dp, or Grenado, gre 
na'-do, s. a kind of small bomb 

Grenadier, grena-diY, s. a tall foot sol- 
dier [hunting dog 

Greyhound, gra-hound, s. a tall fleet 

Gridiron, grfd'-i-ron, s. a grate for broil- 
ing meat 

Grief, grff, s. sorrow, trouble, harm 

Grieve, grt'v, v. a. to afflic, to hurt — 
v. n. to be afflicted, to mourn 

Grievous, gri'v-us, a. afflictive, painful, 

Grffin. or Griffon, grff '-fon, s. a fabled 
animal between a lion and an eagle 

Grig, grfg', s. a small eel, a merry crea- 

Grill, grlT, v. n. to broil on a gridiron 

Grim, grim', a. ill-looking, horrible, 

Grimace, grf-ma'se, ?. a distortion of the 
countenance from habit, affectation 

Grimalkin, grfm al'-kfn, 6. an old cat 

Grime, grime, s. dirt — v. a. to sully, to 

Grin, grin', v.n. to set the teeth toge- 
ther — s. an affected laugh, a snarl 

Grind, gri'nd, v. a. to reduce to pow- 
der, to sharpen, to oppress — v. n. to 
perform the act of grinding 

Grindstone, gri'nd-stone, s. a stone for 
grinding on 

Gripe, gri'pe, v. a. to grasp, to clutch, 
to pinch, to squeeze, to oppress — s. a 
grasp, oppression 

Gripes, gri'ps, s. the belly-ache, the colic 

Griskin, grfs'-kln, s. the back-bone of a 

GrUly, grtz'-iy, a. horrible, hideous 

Grist, grist', s. corn to be ground, pro- 
G istle, grts'I, <?. a cartilage [laginous 
Gristly, giYs'-lv, a. full of gristles, carti- 
Grit, grTt', s. the coarse part of meal, 

Gritty, grft'-tv, a. full of hard particles 
Grizzle, grlzl, s. a mixture of white and 

Grizzled, •.YizTd, a. somewhat gray 
G roan, grone, v. n. to breathe with a 
hoarse noise— s. a deep sigh from 
sorrow or pain [oats 

Groat, grat, s. fourpence— pi. hulled 
Grocer, gro-ser, 5. a dealer in tea, su- 
gar, &c. 
Grocery, ero-ser-V, s. grocer's ware 
Grogram, gr6V-ram, s~ a kind of silken 

Groin, groVn, s. the part next the thigh 
Groom, glome, s. a servant that tends 
the stable [with a tool 

Groove, groVe, s. a hollow channel cut 
Grope, gro' pe, v.n. to feel in the dark 
Gross, grose, a. thick, fat, stupid, 

coarse — s. main mass, twelve dozen 
Grot, groV, or Grotto, grSt' to, s. a cave 
made for coolness [tural 

Grotesque, gro-te'ke, a. distorted, unna- 
Grove, gro've, s. a walk shaded by trees 
Grovel, grftVl, v. n. to lie or creep on 

the ground, to be mean 
Ground, grou'nd, s. land, floor, dregs, 
first principle — v. a. to lay on the 
ground, &c. 
Ground ivy, grbund-i-vy', s. a plant 
Groundless, grbund-le's, a.void of rea- 
son or truth [of the vulgar 
Groundling grou'nd-l'ing, s. fish, one 
Ground plot, ground plbt, s. the plot 
of ground on which a building stands 
Ground rent, gi bund-rent, s. the rent 
paid foi the ground on which a house. 
is built, &c. [the ground, a. plant 
Groundsel, grou'nd-sel, 5. timber- next 
Groundwork, gr5und-work, s. the first 

stratum, the original reason 
Group, gro pe, s. a crowd, a cluster, a 
huddle [heathcock 

Grouse, grou's, s. a kind of wild fowl, a 
Grout, grout, s. coarse meal, pollard, 
dregs [crease, to improve 

Grow, gro', v. n. to vegetate, to in- 
Growl, grbw'l, v. n. to snarl, to murmur 
Grown, grone, 'part, of Grow 
Growth, groth, s. vegetation, increase 
of stature, thing produced 


L 129 ] 


shot, note, l&se, actor— hut, pus!^ mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Grub, grtib', v. a. to dig up, to destroy 
by digging— s. a sort of small worm, 
a dwarf [dark 

Grubble, gruh'l, v. n. to feel in the 
Grudee, grtid'zh, v. a. to envy, to give 
unwillingly— s. an old quarrel, ill- 
will, envy 
Gruel, gruel, s. oatmeal boiled in water 
Gruff, griff', a. sour of aspect, surly 
Grum. grtim', a. sour, surly, sullen 
Grumble, grtimVl, v. d. to growl, to 

murmur, to snarl 
Grumbling, grum'-blYng, s. a discon- 
tented murmuring 
Gruuious, gru'-mus, a. thick, clotted 
Grunt, grunt', v. n. to murmur like a 

ho?— s. the noise of a hog 
Guarantee, gaV-an-te', s. a power who 
undertakes to see stipulations per- 
Guaranty, gar-Kn-te', v. a. to undertake 
to secure the performance of a treaty 
Guard, g&Yd, v. a. to protect, to defend 
— s. a state of defence, caution, vigi- 
Guardian, g&Y-dy'a'n, s. one that has the 
care of an orphan — a. defending or 
superintending [ment 

Gubernation, gu ber-na'-shtin, s. govern- 
Gudgeon, gtid'-zh6n, s. a smaji fish, a 

person easily cheated 
Guess, geV, v. n. to conjecture — v. a. 
to hit accidentally upon— s. a con- 
jecture [by another 
Guest, gSst', .?. one who is entertained 
Guiacum, gy' i-ktim, s. a physical wood 
Guidance, gy'-dans, s. government, di- 
Guide, gi'd<?,t;. n. to direct, to regulate, 
to superintend — s. one who directs 
another [a fraternity 
Guild, gtld', 5. a society, a corporation, 
Guile, gfl<», *. deceitful cunning, insi- 
dious artifice [fault 
Guilt, gYlt', s. a crime, an offence, a 
Guilty, gflt'-y*, a. not innocent, wicked, 
corrupt [one and twenty shillings 
Guinea, g¥n'-e, s. gold coin valued at 
Guise, gi'ze, s. manner, habit, practice, 
dress [instrument 
Guitar, gYt-S'r, s. a stringed musical 
Gules, g&'lz, s. in heraldry a red colour 
Gulf, etilf ', s. a bay, an abyss, a laree 
whirlpool [pools 
GuKy, gal'-fy", a. full of gulfs or whirl- 
Gull, gfil', v. a. to cheat, to defraud — 
s. a sea bird, one easily cheated 

Gullet, gul'-leY, 5. the throat 

Gullyhole,gnT-lyMiol*?, s. the hole where 
the gutters empty themselves 

Gulosity,glu-loV-'i-ty, $. greediness,glut- 
tony, voracity 

Gulp, gulp', v. a. to swallow eagerly 
with noise — s. as much as is swallow- 
ed at once 

Gum, gum', s. the viscous juice of trees 
and plants, the fleshy covering that 
contains the teeth — v. a. to close or 
smear with gum 

Gummy, gum'-mtf,a. consisting of gum, 
productive of gum, clammy 

Gun, gun', s, afire arm 

Gunner, gW-ner, s. a cannonier, he 
who uses a gun [artillery 

Gunnery, gtin'-ner-y\ s. the science of 

Gunpowder, gun'-pbw der, s. powder 
for guns [of a gun 

Gunshot, gun' shot, s. .the reach or range 
I Gunsmith, gtin'-sinlth, *. a maker of 

Gunstock, guV-stek, *. the wood to 
which the barrel of the gun is fixed 

Gunstone, gun'-stone, s. the shot of a 

Gunwale, gun'- nil, s. that piece of tim- 
ber reaching on either side ©f the 
ship from the half-deck to the fore- 
castle [with noise 

Gurgle, gur'g'l, v. n. to fail or gush 

Gurnard, or Gurnet, gur'-ngt, s. a kind 
of sea-fish [with violence 

Gush, gush', v. n. to flow or rush out 

Gusset, gas'-set, s. a square piece of 
cloth to strengthen with 

Gust, gust', *. taste, liking, a sudden 
violent blast of wind 

Gustation, gus-ta-shtin, s. the act of 
tasting [liking 

Gusto, gtis'-to, s. the relish ofany thing, 

Gut, gtit', s. the internal passage for 
food — v. a. to take out the guls, to 

Gutter, gtit'-ter, s. a passage for water 
v. a. to cut in small hollows 

Guttle, giit'l, v. n. to eat greedily, to 
gormandize — v. a. to swallow eagerly 

Gutulous, gut'-tu-lus, a. in the form of 
a small drop 

Guttural, gut'-tu-Val, a. pronounced in 
the throat 

Guzzle, gtiz'l, v. n. to drink immode- 
rately — v. a. to swallow eagerly 

Gymnastic, gym-nas'-tlk, a. relating to 
athletic exercises 

HAI f 130 ] HAM 

Sounds.— bat, hate, hall, liar—met, desist, me\ her— chtn, chine, field, shirt- 

Gynecocracy, g^n-e-kftk'-ra-sy, s. a pet- 
ticoat government 

Gypsurr, gl'pe-sum, s. plaster stone, 
kind of fossil 

Gyration, gy-ra shtin, s. the act of 

turning a thing round 
Gyre, gy're, s. a circle, a ring [legs 
Gyves, gy'vz, s. fetters, chains for the 


HA, ha', interj. an expression of 
wonder, surprise or sudden exer- 
tion, expression of laughter 
Habeas Corpus, ha'-be-Ss-kb'r-pu?, s. a 
writ which a man imprisoned for 
some trespass may have for bringing 
his cause to a hearing 
Haberdasher, hab'-er-dash-er, s. a dealer 

in smaH wares 
Habiliment, ha-Ml-t-ment, s. dress, 

clothes, garment 
Habilitate, ha-Ml'-l-tate, V. a. to qua- 
lify, to enable, to fit 
Hability, ha-btt'-fcty, s. faculty, power 
Habit, nab'-ft, s. state of any thing, 
dress, custom — v. a. to dress, to ac- 
coutre [bited 
Habitable, hab'-Y-teb'l, a. fit to be inha- 
Habitant, hab'-f-tent, s. a dweller, an 
inhabitant [abode, a dwelling 
Habitation, hab'-'i-ta-shun, s. a place or 
Habitual, ha-bit'-u-al, a. customary 
Habituate, ha-Mt'-u-ate, accustom 
Habitude, hab-'i-tude, s. familiarity, 
relation, use [chance 
Habnab, hab'-nab', ad. at random, by 
Hack, hak', v. a. to chop, to cut into 

small pieces 
Hackle, kak'l, a. any thing used in com 
mon — v. a. to dress flax [hireling 
Hackne}', hak'-n 1 ^, s. a hired horse, a 
Haddock, had'-dok, s. a small sea fish 
of the cod kind [haft 

Haft, haft , s. a handle— v. a. to set in a 
Hag, hag', s. a fury, a witch, an old 

ugly woman 
Haggard, hag'-gard, a. wild, lean, de- 
formed — s. any thing wild, a species 
of hawk [formed, horrid 

Haggish, hag'-gfeh, a. like a hag, de- 
Haggle, hag'l, v. a. to chop, to mangle 
— v. n. to be tedious or beat down in 
a bargain [writer 

Ilagiographer, hag-yog'- ra-fer, s. a holy 
TTaha, ha-Ka', s. concealed fence 
Hail, hale, s. frozen rain — 1\ ri. to pour 
down hail — v. a. to salute, to call to 

Hailshot, hale-shtft, s. small shot scat- 
tered like hail [single ball of hail 
Hailstone, haV-stone, t. a particle or 
Hair, hare, s. one of the coverings of 
the body, a single hair [distance 

Hairbreadth ,ha're-bre'dtn, s.a very small 
Haircloth, ha're-klo'th. s. a stuff made 
of hair [sisting of hair 

Hairy, ha-ry', a. covered with or con- 
Hake, bl'ke, s. a fish so called [axe 
Halbert, bal'-bert, s. a soldier's battle- 
Halcyon, hal'-shyon, s. a sea-bird — a. 

calm, happy, quiet 
Hale, hale, a. healthy, robust, hearty — 
v. a. to drag by force [ad. equally 
Ha'f, ha'f, s. a moiety, an equal part — 
Half-blooded. ha'f-blod-Sd, a. mean, de- 
generate [of money 
Halfpenny, hap'-en-nty, 9. a copper piece 
Half-sighted, h&'f-slt^ e'd, a. having a 

weak discernment 
Half-wav, ha'f wa, ad. in the middle 
Half-wit, ha'f-wYt, s. a blockhead, a 

foolish fellow 

Halibut, haT-i-bfit, s. a large flat sea fish 

Hall, Ml, s. a court of justice, a large 

room [Lord 

Hallelujah, hal-le lu-ya, <?. praise ye the 

Halliard, hal'-yard, ^. rope or tackle to 

hoist or lower a sail [shouts 

Halloo, hil-ln, v. a. to encouraee with 

Hallow, hal'-lo', v. a. to consecrate, to 

make holy [blunder, a mi take 

Hallucination, hal-lu-s'i-ria'-shtin, s. a 

Halm, ha'm, s. straw after corn is 

threshed [or moon 

Halo, ha'-lo, s. a circle round the sun 

Halt, ha'lt, v. n. to limp, to stop in a 

march — a. lame, crippled— s. the act 

of limpine, a stop in a nutrch 

Halter, hal tt r, s. sl rope to tie about 

the neck of a horse or n alefactor 
Halve, hav, v. a. to divide into two 

Ham. ham', s. the thigh, a leg of pork 

Hamlet, ham'-le't, s. a small village 


[ 131 j 


shot, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Hammer, ham'-mer, s. an instrument to 
drive nails -v. a. to beat with a ham -J 
mer — v. n, to labour 

Hammock, Wm'-mok, s. a swinging bed 
in a ship 

Hamper, hamp'er, s. a large basket for 
carriage— v. a. to entangle, to in- 
snare, to perplex, to put in a hamper 

Hamstring, ham'-strtng, s. the tendon 
of the ham -©. n. to'lame by cutting 
the tendon of the ham 

Hanaper, han'-a-per, s. a treasury, an 

Hand, hand , s. the palm with the fin- 
gers, a measure of four inches, cants 
held at a game— v. a. to give or trans- 
mit with the hand, to guide or lead 
by the hand [basket 

Hand basket, hSnd'-b&s-ke't, s. a portable 

Hand-bell, hand'bgl, s. a bell rung by 
the hand 

Hand-breadth, hand' bre'dth, s. a mea- 
sure of four inches 

Handcuff, hand'kuf, v. a. to confine the 
hands toother with iron 

Handed, hSn'-de'd, a. with hands joined, 
using hands [can hold 

Handful, hand'-ftil, s. what one hand 

Hand gallop, hand'-gal-ldp, s. a slow 
easy gallop 

Han licraft, nan' dt-kraft, s. a manual 

. occupation 

Handiwork, hSn'-d"i'-w6rk,s. work done 
by the hand 

Handkerchief, han'-keV-tsMF, s. a piece 
of silk or linen to wipe the face or 
cover the neck 

Handle, hand' I, v. a. to touch, to ma- 
nage, to treat of— v. the part by 
which a thiiigr is held in the hand 

Handmaid, hand'-made, s. a maid that 
waits at hand 

Handmill, hfcnd'-mfl, s. a small mill* 
moved by the hand 

Handsel, haV-sel, v. the first act of sale, 
money taken for the first sale — v. n. 
to u-e a thing the first time 

Handsome, han'-som, a. beautiful, ele- 
gant, liberal 

Handwriting, hand'-ri-tYng, s. a form of 
writing peculiar to each hand 

Handy, han'-dy, a. ready, dexterous, 

Handydandy, han'-dy -dan'-dy, s. a 
childish play 

Hang, hang', v. a. to suspend, to choak 
— • v. n. to be suspended, to dangle 

Hanger, hang'-er, s. a short broad 

Hanger-on, hang-eron', s. a dependant 

Hanging, hang'-ing, 5. drapery hung or 
fastened against the wal!s of rooms 

Hangman, hang'-man. s. the public exe- 

Hank, hangk', s. a skein of thread, &c. 

Hanker, hangk'-er, v. n. to long for 

Hap, huip', s. chance, casual event— 
v. n. to happen 

Hap-hazard, h£p-h&z-ard, s. mere 
chance, accident 

Happen, hap'n, v. n. to fall out, to 
come to pass 

Happiness, h&p'- pane's, 5. state of be- 
ing happ3 r , good fortune 

Happy, hap'-py, a. felicitous, lucky, 

Harangue, ha-rang', s. a speech, a po- 
pular oration— v. a. to address by 
an oration [to vex 

Harass, har'-as, v.a. to weary, to fatigue. 

Harbinger, ha'r-bin dzher, s. a forerun- 
nei , a messenger 

Harbour, ha'rbor, s. a port or haven — 
v. a. to entertain, to shelter, to 

Hard,ha'rd, a. firm, solid, difficult, se- 
vere— ad. laboriously, diligently, 

Harden, ha'rd'n, v. n. to grow hard — 
v. a. to make hard, to confirm in 
vice [of feature 

Hardfavoured, ha'rd-fa-vord, a. coarse 

Hardhearted, ha'rd-har-tgd, a. cruel, 
inexorable, insensible 

Hardiness, har'-di-ne's, s. confidence, 
stoutness, impudence 

Hardmouthed, hK'rd-mo&thd, a. diso 
bedient to the rein 

Hardness, ha'rd-n^s, s. severity, stingi. 
ness, obduracy 

Hardship, haYd-shYp, s. oppression, in- 
jury [iron, steel, &c. 

Hardware, hK'rd-ware, s. ware made of 

Hardwareman, hard- ware-man, s. a 
maker of hardware 

Hardy, ha'r-dy, a. bold, brave, firm, 
strong, daring [animal 

Hare, ha're, s. a well known small timid 
Harebrained, hare-brand, a. giddy, wild 
Harier, haY-yer, s. a small dog for hunt- 
ing hares 
Hark, hark, inter j. he^r ! listen ! 
Harlequin, har-le-kfc, S. a buffoon, a 

HAS f 132 ] HAY 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, me, her— cWn, <hine, field, shirt. — 

Harlot, ha'r-lot, 5. a strumpet, a prosti- , 

Harlotry, ha'r-lot-ry", s. fornication, the 
trade of a harlot 

Harm, h&'nn, s. injury, hurt, a crime, 
mischief, detriment— v. a. to hurt, to 
inj ure 

Harmonic, har-mbn'-tk, or Harmonious, 
har-mo'n-yus, a. pertaining to har- 
mony, adapted to each other 

Harmonize, ha'r-mo-nize, v. a. to ad- 
just in fit proportions— v. n. to 

Harmony, haVmbn-y*, s. just propor- 
tion of sound, correspondent senti- 
ment, concord 

Harness, h&'r-nes, s. armour, furniture 
for horses 

Harp, ha'rp, s. a lyre, a constellation 
—v. n. to play on the harp, to dwell 

Harponeer, h&r-po-ne're, s. he that 
throws the harpoon 

Harpoon, har-p6n', s. the bearded dart 
to strike whales 

Harpsichord, ha'rp-sf-kbrd, s. a musical 
instrument with keys 

Harpy, ha'r-py, s. a bird, a ravenous 

Harrow, har-ro, s. a frame of timbers 
crossing each other, and set with 
iron teeth — v. a. to break with the 
harrow, to tear up, to strip, to in- 
vade, to disturb 

Harsh, ha'rsh, a. austere, rough, pee- 
vish, rigorous 

Hart, ha'rt, s. a stag, the male of the roe 

Hartshorn, ha'rts-hbrn, s.spirit obtained 
from horn, a sort of herb 

Harvest, ha'r-vfe'st, .5. the season for 
reaping, &c. the corn 

Harvest-home, hii '-ve'st-home, s. the 
feast or song at the end of harvest, 
time of gathering in harvest 

Hash, haW, V. a. to mince, to chop and 
mangle — s.meat chopped and dressed 
a second time 

Haslet, has'-lSt, s. the heart, liver, and 
lights of a pig 

Hasp, ha'sp, s. a fastening, a clasp over 
a staple — v. a. to shut with a clasp 

Hassock, haV-sdk, s. a thick mat to 
kneel on 

Haste, haste, s. hurry, speed, passion 

Haste, ha'ste, or Hasten, ba'st'n, v. n. 
to be in a hurry— v. a. to hurry, to 
urge on 

Hastiness, has'-ti'-ne's, s. hurry, anger, 
vehemence [early 

Hastings, ha's-tYngz, s. peas that come 

Hasty, has ttf, a. quick, speedy, pas- 
sionate, rash, precipitate 

Hasty-pudding, has ty-pud'-dfn?,.s. milk 
and Mower boiled 

Hat, hat', s. a covering for the head 

Hatch, hStsh', v. a. to produce young 
from eggs, to contrive, to plot— s. 
a brood, a disclosure, a half door, a 
door or opening on a ship's deck 

Hatchet, hatsh'-e't, s. a small axe 

Hatchet-face, hatsh'-St-fase, s. an ugrly 
face [for the dead 

Hatchrnent,hatsh'-ment, escutcheon 

Hatchway, hatsh'-wa, s. the way over 
the hatches 

Hate, ha'te, v. a. to detest, to abhor, to 
abominate — s. malignity, detestation, 
abhorrence, ill-will 

Hatred, ha-tre'd, 5. hate, ill-will, ma- 

Hatter, haV-ter, s. a maker of hats 

Have, haV, v. a. to possess, to enjoy 
to hold [shelter 

Haven, ha'v'n, s. a port, a harbour, a 

Haughty, ha'-ty, a. proud, lofty, arro- 
gant [violence 

Haul, ha'J, v. a. to pull, to drag by 

Haum, M'm, s. straw 

Haunch, ha'ntsh, s. the thigh, the hkid 

Haunt, h*.'nt, v. a. to frequent, to dis- 
turb — v. n. to be much about, to ap- 
pear frequently — s. a place of resort 

Havoc, hav'-6k, s. waste, ruin, spoil — 
v. a. to lay waste 

Hautboy, ho'-bby, s. a wind instrument, 
a large strawberry 

Haw, ha', s. the berry and seed of the 

Hawk, ha'k, s. a voracious bird of prey 
—v. n. to fiy hawks at fowls, to 
force up phlegm with a noise, to cry 
goods [sale 

Hawked, ha'-ked, a. carried about for 

Hawker, ha'-ker, s. a pedlar, a newscar- 
rier [cable 

Hawser, ha'-zer, s. a rope less than a 

Hawthorn, ha'-tfrb'rn, *. a thorn that 
bears haws 

Hay-, ha', s. grass dried in the sun. a 
kind of dance [in 

Hayloft, ha-lbft, s. loft to put hay 

Haymaker, ha-ma-keY, s. one employed 
in making hay 


C 133 ] 


shot, note, 16se, actor— httt, push, mute, fur— truly, rye —thus, thick. 

Hay ward, ha -ward, s. a keeper of cat- 
tle or meadows, &c. 
Hazard, haz'-ard, s. chance, danger, a 
game at dice— v. a. to expose to 
chance— v. n. to try the chance 
Hazardous, haz'-ard-us, a. dangerous, 

exposed to chance 
Haze, ha'ze, s. a thick fog, a mist 
Hazel, ha'z'l, s. the nut-tree— a. light 

brown, like hazel 
Hazy, ha'-z^, a. foggy, misty 
Head, he'd', that part of the body that 
contains the brain, chief, the top- 
ee, chief, principal — v. a. to lead, to 
Headache, hgd'-ake, s.apain in the head 
Headband, he'd'-'band, s. a fillet for the 

head, a topknot 
Headborough, hgd'-bor-S, s. a subordi- 
nate constable 
Headdress, hgd'-dre's, c< the dress or 

covering of a woman's head 
Headland, held'-land, s. a cape, a pro- 
montory [thoughtless 
Headlong, he'd'-long, a. rash, precipitate, 
Headpiece, he'd'-pls, s. armour, force of 
mind [chief stone 
Headstone, hfcd'-stone, *. the first or 
Headstrong, hgd'-strbng, a. violent 
unruly [lent, strong. 
Heady, h^d'-^, a. rash, precipitate, vio- 
Heal, he'le, v. a. to cure a wound, to 

reconcile — v. n. to grow well 
Healing, hel-mg, part. a. mild, gentle 
Health, heltn', s. freedom from pain or 

Healthy, heT-tny", a, in health, free 
from sickness 

Heap, he'pe, s. a pile, a confused jum- 
ble, a cluster— v. a. to pile, to jumble 
together, to lap up 

Hear, he're, v. a. to perceive by the 
ear, to listen to 

Hearing, he r-fng, 5. the sense by which 
sounds are perceived, audience, trial 

H»arken, ha'rk'n, v. n. to listen, to at- 
tend, to regard 

Hearsay, he'i-sa, s. report, rumour 

Hearse, herse, s. a carriage for dead 

Heart, ha'rt, 5. the most noble part of 
the body, mind, conscience 

Heart-ache, ha'rt-ake, *. sorrow, anguish 

Heart-burning, ha'rt-bur-nfng, s. a pain 
at the stomach 

Hearten, ha'rt'n, v. a. to encourage, to 
animate, to stir up 

Heart-felt, ha'rt-fe"lt. a. felt in the con- 
Hearth, hS'rth, s. the place on which a 
fire is made [ling with anguish 

Heart-rending, ha'rt-rend'-Yng, a. kil. 
Heart-sick, ha'rt-stk, a. pained in mind, 

mortally ill 
Heart-string, h£'rt- string, s. the nerve 

that braces the heart 
Heart-whole, ha'rt-hole,a. the affections 

unfixed, vitals unimpaired 
Hearty, ha'r-ty, a. sincere, in full 

health, vigorous, strong, spirited 

Heat, he'te, s. the sensation caused by 

fire, hot weather, warmth, a passion, 

a race — v. a. to make hot, to put 

into a passion — v. n. to grow hot 

Heater, he'-ter, s. a kind of iron for 

smoothing linen [ground 

Heath, he'tne, s. a plant, common 

Heath-cock, hetfc-kSk, s. a large fowl 

that frequents heaths 
Heathen, he'th'n, s. a gentile or pagan 

— a. savage, pagan 
Heathenish, he th-n'ish, a. belonging to 

the heathens, wild, savage 
Heave, he've, v. a. to lift — v. n. to 
pant, to labour, to swell— s. a lift, an 
effort to vomit 
Heaven, he"v'n,s. the regions above, the 

sky, the habitation of the blessed 
Heaven-born, heVn bb'rn, a. descended 

from heaven 

Heaviness, heV-^-nes, s. depression, 

dulness, affliction [sluggish 

Heavy, hev'-y, a. weighty, dejected, 

Hebdomad, heV-do-mad, s. a week, a 

space of seven days 
Hebdomadal, heV-dom'-a-dal, or Heb- 
domadary, hSb-ddm'-a-ddr-y", a. 
weekly [ness 

Hebetude, heV-e-tftde, s. dulness, blunt- 
Hebraism, he-bra-fzm, s. a Hebrew 
idiom [in Hebrew 

Hebraist, he-bra-Yst, s. one skilled 
Hecatomb, hfeV-a-tome, s. a sacrifice of 

a hundred cattle 
Hectic, heV-tfk, a. habitual, constitu- 
tional, troubled with a morbid heat 
— s. a hectic fever 
Hector, heV-t6r, s. a bully, a noisy 

fellow— v. a. to threaten, to bully 

Hedge, hfe'dzh', s.a fence made of bushes 

— v. a. to make a hedge, to enclose 

— v. rt. to shift [born 

Hedse-born, hedzh'-oo'rn. a. meanly 



C 134 ] 


Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chm, chine, field, shirt- 

H edge-hog, hedzh'-h8g, s. a sort of 
prickly animal 

Hedging-bill, he'dzh'-ing-Ml, s. a hook 
for trimming hedges 

Heed, he'dc, v. a. to mind, to regard, 
to attend to — s. care, attention, cau- 
tion, seriousness 

Heel, heTe, s. the hind part of the foot 

Heel-piece, he'le-ptse, s. the piece fixed 
on the hinder part of the shoe — v. a. 
to put leather on a shoe-heel 

Heft, heft', s. an effort to heave, a han- 

Hegira, he*g'-i-ra, s. the epoch of the 
Arabians and Turks 

Heifer, hSf 'er, <?. a young cow 

Heigh-ho, hay' ho, interj. expression of 
languor and uneasiness 

Height, hi'te, s. space upwards, utmost 
degree, state of excellence 

Heighten, hi't'n, v. a. to raise, to exalt, 
to improve [wicked 

Heinous, ha'-nus, a. atrocious, very 

Heir, a Ye, s. an inheritor — v. a. to in- 
herit [with a freehold 

Heirloom, are-16me, s. what descends 

Held, hgld, pret. of Hold ' 

Heliacal, he-li'-a-kal, a. pertaining to 
the sun [circumvolutions 

Helical, hel'-ik-al, a. spiral, with many 

Heliocentric, he'-lyd-se'n"-trtk, a. be- 
longing to the sun 

Hell, h61', s. the place of the devil and 
wicked souls 

Hell-doomed, hel'-do'md, a. consigned 
to hell [flower 

Hellebore, heT-le'-bore', 5. the Christmas 

Hellenism, heT-le-ntzm, s. an idiom of 
the Greek i [agent of hell 

Hell-hound, hellhound, s. a dog or 

Hellish, heT-ftsh, a. infernal, wicked, 
sent from hell 

Helm, helm', s, ahead-piece, the rud- 
der [headpiece 

Helmed, heT-meld, a. furnished with a 

Helmet, heT-met, s, a headpiece 

Help, help', v. a. to assist, to support, 
to promote, to cure — s. assistance, 
aid, support, remedy 

Helper, help'-eY, s. an under servant, 
one who assists 

Helter-skelter, hel'-te>-skeT-ter, a. in a 
hurry, without order 

Helve, helv', s. the handle of an axe 

Hem, hem', s. the edge of a garment, a 
sudden noise — v. a. to close with a 
hem, to enclose 

Hemisphere, hem'-f-sfere, s. the hal 
of a globe 

Hemispheric, hem'-Y-sfer"-tk. a. being 
half round 

Hemlock, h&n'-15k', y. a narcotic plant 

Hemorrhage, htfrn'-S-radzh, s. a violen 4 " 
flux of blood 

Hemorrhoids, hem'-#-rfridz, s. the piles 

Hemp, hemp', s. the plant of which 
coarse linen and robes are made 

Hempen, hemp'n, a. made of hemp 

Hen, hen', s. the female of any bird 

Hence, hen's, ad. or interj. away, for 
this reason, from this cause or 

Henceforth, hens'-fdrtfi, ad. from this 
time forward 

Henceforward, hens-fbV-ward, ad, 
from this time to futurity 

Hen-hearted, hfen-ha'r-ttd, a. dastardly, 

Hen-pecked, he'n'-pe'kt, a. governed by 
a wife 

Hen-roost, hgn'-rost, s. a place where 
poultry rest [liver 

Hepatic, he p'at'-Yk, a. belonging to the 

Heptagon, h^p'-ta gon, s. a figure with 
seven equal sides 

Heptarchy, he'p'-tar-ky', s. a sevenfold 
government [female 

Her, her', a. and pron. belonging to a 

Herald, her'-ald, s. an officer for regis- 
tering genealogies, and proclaiming 
war and peace ; a messenger, a har- 
binger — v. a. to introduce as a herald 

Heraldry, her'-al-dr^, s. art or office of 
a herald, the science of blazon 

Herb, herb', s. a plant, chiefly of the 
esculent kind 

Herbaceous, her-ba'-shus, a. belonging 
to herbs, feeding on vegetables 

Herbage, her'-bfedzh, s. herbs in gene- 
ral, grass, pasture 

Herbal, her'-bal, s. a book of plants, a 
treatise on herbs [herbs 

Herbalist, her'-ba-list, s. one skilled in 

Herculean, her-ku'-iyan, n. of preat 
magnitude, requiring great labour 

Herd, herd', s. a flock, a drove, a com- 
pany — v. n. to run in herds, to asso- 
ciate — v. a. to put into a herd 

Herdsman, herd'z man, employed 
in tending herds 

Here, h&'re, ad. in this place or state 

Hereabouts, he're-a-bouts, ad. about 
this place 


I 1»5 ] 


shtft, note, 16se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Hereafter, here-af^er, ad. in a future 

Ilerebv, here-by', ad. by this 

Hereditable, he-rSd'-Yt-eb'l, a. what- 
ever may be inherited 

Hereditament, ae-rSd'-f-ta-ment, s. an 

Hereditary, ht-re'd-'i-tar-y, a. descend- 
ing by inheritance 

Herein, he're-Tn, ad. in this 

Hereinto, here-'in'-t6, ad. into this 

Hereof, here-oT, ad. of this 

Hereon, here-tin', ad. upon this 

IT< resiarch, h<j-re-syark, s. a leader in 

Heresy, heV-e-sy", s. an opinion differ- 
ent from that of the orthodox church 

Heretic, beV-e-tik,*. one whose opinion 
opposes the orthodox church 

Heretical, he-re' t'-fk-al, a. relating to 

Hereto, hereto', ad. to this 

Heretofore, here-to-fore, ad. formerly, 

Herewith, here-witfc, ad. with this 
. Heriot, her-y6t, s. fine to the lord at 
the death of a landholder 

Heritable, her'-ft-eb'l, a. capable of be- 
ing inherited 

Heritage, her'-Y-te'dzh, s. inheritance, 

- estate by succession 

Hermaphrodite, her-mSf '-ro-dite, s. unit- 
ing two sexes 

Hermetic, her me't'-'ik, a. chymical 

Hermit, her mtt, s. a solitary devout 
person, a recluse 

Hermitage, her'-nrtt-e'dzh, s. a hermit's 
cell [bravery, a great warrior 

Hero, he'-ro, s. a man eminent for 

Heroic, he-ro'-ik, a. brave, noble, 

Heroine, he-ro'-Yn, .<;. a female hero 

Heroism, he-rq'-Ysm, s. qualities of a 

Heron, hern', ?. a large water fowl 

Herring, her'-rfng, s. a small sea-fish 

Herself, her-self, 5. her very person 

Hesitate, heV-f-tate, v. a. to doubt; to 
delay, to pause 

Hesitation, heVi'-ta'-shun, s. doubt, in- 
termission of speech 

Heteroclite, het'-er-Sk-Wt, s. in gram- 
mar, a noun irregular in its inflec- 
tions [dox 

Heterodox, heV-er-o-dtfks, a. notortho 

Heterogeneous, ht't-er-6 dzhe-nyus, a. 
unlike in nature, opposite 

Hew, hu', v. a. to fell, to cut, to hack, 

to chop [wood or stone 

Hewer, hu'-er, s. one who hews or cuts 

Hexagon, heks'-a-gfin, s. a figure of six 

equal sides or angles 
Hexagonal, heks-'ag'-o -nal, a. ha\ing 

six sides 
Hexameter, he'ks-am'-e-ttr, s. a verse 

of six feet 
Hey, hi, inter; . an expression of joy 
Heyday, hi'-da, inter j. an expression of 

frolic and exultation 
Hiatus, hi'-a-tus, s. an aperture, a 

breach, an opening 
Hibernal, hl-ber'-nal, a. belonging to 

the winter 
Hiccough, or Hickup, htk'-kup, s. a 
convulsion of the stomach— v. r>. 
to sob with convulsion of the sto- 
Hid, tiid',pret. of Hide 
Hidage, hld'-e'dzh, s. tax on each hide 

of land 
Hidden, hfd'n, part, of Hide 
Hide, hi'de, v. a. to 'conceal — v. ??. to 
lie hid — s. the skin of an animal, a 
certain quantity of land [ful 

Hideous, ltfd'-yus, a. horrible, dread- 
Hie, hi*, v. n. to hasten, to go in haste 
Hierarchy, hi'-e-rar-ky, s. sacred go- 
vernment, ecclesiastical establish- 
Hieroglyphic, hi-e-rd-glif'-Yk, a. emble- 
matical — s. an emblem, a figure 
Higgle, Mg'l, v. n. to chaffer, to bar- 
gain hard, to go selling provisions 
from door to door 

High, hf, a. exalted, tall, proud 
High-born, hi-bft'rn, a. of noble birth 
High-flier, hi'-rii-er, s. one that carries 

his opinions to extravagance 
High-flown, hi'-flone, a. elevated, proud, 

Highland, hi-l^nd, s. a mountainous 

Highness, hi'-ne's, s. dignity, title 
Hichwater, hi'-wa'-ter, 5. the utmost 

flow of the tide 
Highway, hi wa, s. a great road, a 

public path 
Highwayman, hf-wa-man, s. a robber 

on the highway 
Hieler, litg'-ler, s. a hawker of pro* 
visions by retail 
N <2 

HIV [ 130 J HOL 

Sounds— hat, hate, hill, liar — m8t, desist, mS, h^r-chfn, chine, field, shirt. — 

Hilarity, hll-ar'-it-y], s.merriment, gaiety 

Hill, tiii't s. elevation of ground, a high 

Hillock, hll'-lbk, s. a little hill 

Hilly, hilly, a. full of hills 

Hilt, hilt', s. the handle of a sword 

Him, hW, pron. that male, the ob- 
lique, case of He 

Hind, hi'nd, a. backward— s. the female 
of a stag, an overseer of cattle 

Hinder, hln'-der, v. a. to obstruct, to 
stop, to prevent— v. n. to cause im- 

Hindrance, hln'-drens, s. obstruction, a 

Hinge, hlndzh', s. the joints on which 
a gate or door turns — v. a. to furnish 
with binges 

Hint, feint', v. a. to bring to mind, to 
intimate— s. a remote suggestion, an 

Hip, hip', s. the joint of the thigh, low- 
ness of spirits, the fruit of the briar 
— v. n. to dispirit 

Hippish, hlp'-plsh, a. low in spirits 

Hippopotamus, hlp-pd-pbt'-a-mas, s. a 
river horse 

Hire, hi're, v. n. to engage or pro- 
cure for pay— 5. the wages paid for 

Hireling, hire-ling, s. one who serves 
for wages, a mercenary and unprin- 
cipled writer 

Hiss, Ill's', v. n. to utter a noise like 
that of a serpent. — v. a. to condemn 
by hissing, to explotle 

Hist, hist', inter j. exclamation com- 
manding silence 

Historian, nYs-to'-ryan, s. a writer of 
facts and events 

Historic, hls-tbr'-lk, a. pertaining to 
history, narrative 

History, hi's-tor-^, s. a narration of 
events and facts 

Histrionic, hls-tr^-oV-lk, a. befitting 
the stage, suitable to a player, 

Hit, hit', v. a. to strike, to reach the 
point— v. n. to clash, to light on, to 
succeed — s. a stroke, a lucky chance 

Hitch, hYtsh', v. n. to catch, to move 
by jerks 

Hithe, hi'th, s. a landing place for 
goods, &c. [nearer 

Hither, hlth'-er, ad. to this place, 

Hithei to, hlth'-er-td, ad. to this time, 
yet,, till now [pany 

Hive, ni've, s. a basket for bees, a com- 

Hoare, ho're, or Hoary, hd'-ry, a. gray 
with age, white with frost 

Hoar-frost, ho're-frbst', s. frozen dew 

Hoard, ho'rd, s. hidden stock, treasure 
— v. n. to lay up store— v. a. to lay 
up privately [voice 

Hoarse, ho'rs, a. having a rough deep 

Hoax, ho'ks, s. a trick played upon one 
— v. a. to delude, to deceive 

Hobble, hob'l, v. n. to walk lamely, to 

Hobby, hbb'-by, or Hobby-horse, hbb'- 
by-ho'rs, s. a species of hawk, a small 
horse, a plaything, a stupid fellow 

Hobgoblin, hbb-gbb'-lln, s. a sprite, a 
fairy [shoeing horses 

Hebnail, hbb'-nale, s. a nail used in 

Hobnob, hob'-nbb, ad. at once, at ran- 

Hock, hbk', s. small end of a gammon 
of bacon, old strong rhenish wine, 
lower part of the thigh 

Hocus-pocus, ho-kus-pd'-kus, s. a jug 
gle, a cheat 

Hod, hbd', s. a bricklayer's trough 

Hodge-podge, hbdzh'-pbdzh', s. a med- 
ley, a confused mixture 

Hodiernal, ho-dyer'-nal, a. of to-oay 

Hoe, ho', s. a garden tool i for weeds, 
&c. — v. a. to cut or dig with a hoe 

Hog, hbg', s. the general name of swine 

Hoggerel, hbg'-rel, 5. an ewe of two 
years old 

Hogherd, hbg-herd, s. a keeper of hogs 

Hoggish, hbg'-lsh, a. greedy, brutish, 

Hogshead, hbgz'.gd, s. a measure of 
sixty-three gallons [swine 

Hogsty, hbg'-sty, s. a place for keeping 

Hogwash, hbg'-wash, ». draft which 
is giveu to swine 

Hoiden, hbl'd'n, s. an awkward coun- 
try girl 

Hoist, hbYst, v. a. to raise up on high 

Hold, ho'ld, v. a. to grasp, to keep, to 
retain, to contain — s. grasp, support, 
power, custody — interj. stop ! for- 
bear! be still 

Holdfast, hold fa'st, s. a catch, a hook, 

Hole, hole, s. a cavity, a hollow place, 
a mean habitation, a subterfuge 

Holiness, hd'-il-nes, s. religious good- 
ness [cry out loudly 

Holla, hbl-la', or Hollo, hbl-16', v. a. to 

Holland, hbl'-land, s. a kind of fine 


r w ) 


shSt, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, m&te, fur,— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Hollow, hbT-16, a. having avoid within, 

deceitful — s. a hollow place, a hole, 

an opening or vacuity— v. a. to make 

hollow— v. n. to shout, to hoot 

Holly, hoT-iy, s. a tree, an evergreen 

Hollyhock, hbT-iy-httk, s. a rose-mallow 
Holme, hbAvm, s. a river island, the 
ever-green Odk ffice 

Holocaust, hoT 6-kast, s. a burnt sacri 
Holpen, hol'p'n, part, of Help 
Holster, ho'1-ster, s. a case for a horse- 
man's pistol 
Holy, holy, a. pious, religious, hal- 
lowed, sacred [feast, a day of joy 
Holyday, hol-V da, s. an anniversary 
Homage, htfm'-e'dzh, s. service to a lord, 

Home, hb'me, s. one's own house or 
country, place of constant residence 
Homebred, ho'me-bre'd, a. bred at home, 

native, plain, artless 
Homefelt, home-felt, a. inward, private 
Homeiy, ho'me-ly\ a. plain, not elegant 
Homemade, hd'me-made, 5. made at 

home, plain 

Homer, ho-mer, s. a measure of about 

three pints [home, plain, coarse 

Homespun, hd'me-spun, a. made at 

Homeward, ho'me-ward, ad. towards 

Homicide, hom'-i-slde, s. manslaughter 
Homily, hftm'-ll-y, s. a discourse read 

in churches 
Homogeneous, ho mo-dzh£-nyus, . a. 
having the same nature or principle 
Homologous, hd-mbT-o-gus, a. in the 

same manner or proportion 
Homotonous, ho mbt'-6-nus,a. equable, 

Hone, ho'ne, s. a whetstone for razors 
Honest, bn'-est, a. upright, sincere, 
chaste, just [purity 

Honesty, 8n' es-ty, s. justice, truth, 
Hoi ey, hon'-y, s. the sweet substance 

prepared by r bees 
Honey-bag, hon-y bag, s. the stomach 

of a bee 
Hone/comb, hon-y'-kd'me, s. a cell of 

wax for noney 
Honey-dew, hon'-y-du, s. a sweet dew 
Honey-moon, h6n'-y-m6ne, s. the first 

month after marriage 
Honey -suckle, h6n'-y-suk'l, s. an odori- 
ferous woodbine 
Honied, hon'yd, a. covered with 
honey, sweet 

Honorary , bn'-Or-ar-y, a. done in ho" 
nour, conferring honour without 

Honour, bn'-6r, s. dignity, reputation, 
chastity— v. a. to reverence, to 

Honourable, hbn'-6r-eb'l, a. noble, il- 
lustrious, honest 

Hood, hud', s. an upper covering for the 

head [to hide, to deceive 

Hoodwink, hud'-wingk, v. a. to blind, 

Hoof, ho'fe, s. the horny substance of 
the foot of several animals 

Hook, hok', s. a bent piece Oj iron, 
wood, &c. — v. a. to catch with a 
hook , to ensnare, to fasten 

Hooked, hok'-Sd, a. bent, curvated 

Hoop, ho'pe, 5. any thing circular— v.a. 
to bind with hoops — v. n. to shout 

Hooping-cough, hb'-p'ing-kof, s. a con- 
vulsive cough 

Hoot, hd'te, v. n. to shout in contempt 
— v. a. to drive with shouts 

Hop, hop', v. n. to jump, to leap on 
one leg, to walk lamely — s. a jump, 
a mean dance, a plant 

Hope, hope, s. confidence in a future 
event — v. n. to place confidence in 
futurity— v. a. to expect with de- 

Hopeful, ho'pe-fnl, a. promising, likely 
to answer expectation 

Hop-ground, hop-ground, s. ground 
set apart for the culture of hops 

Hopper, hop'-per, 5. wooden frame to 
contain corn before it is ground 

Horal, ho'-ral, er Horary, hd'-r£r-y, a. 
relating to an hour, continuing for 
an hour 

Hord, hb'rd, s. a clan, a migratory crew 
of people 

Horehound, horehound, s. an herb so 

Horison, hd-ri-zon, 5. the line that ter- 
minates the view 

Horizontal, hor-Y-zSn'-tal, a. near the 
horizon, level 

Horn, hb'rn, s. defensive weapon of an 
ox, a wind instrument 

Hornbook, hc/rn-bdk, s. the first book 
for children 

Horned, hb'r-ntd, a. furnished with 

Hornet, hb'r-nSt, s. a large stinging fly 

Hornpipe, hfc'rn-plpe, s. a kind of dance 

Horny, hbVntf, a. made of orlike horu. 

HOS C *38 ] HOW 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her— cWn, chine, field, shirt. 

Horologe, hbr'-6-lddzh, s. an instrument 

that tells the hour 
Horoscope, hbr-6-sko'pe, s. configura- 
tion of planets at a person's birth 
Horrible, hbr'-ri'b'l, a. dreadful, terrible 
Horrid, hbr'-rfd, a. hideous, enormous 
Horrific, hbr-rif'-fk, a. causing horror 
Horror, hbr'-rbr, s. terror mixed with 

Horse, hb'rs, s. an animal, a wooden 

machine for drying clothes 
Horseback, hb'rs-b&k, s. the seat or 

state of riding 
Ilorsebean, hbrs-bene, s. a small kind 

of bean for horses 
Horseblock, hb'rs-blbk, s. a block for 

climbing to a horse 
Horsebreaker, hb'rs-bre-ker, 5. one who 

tames horses 
Horsefly, hb'rs-fly, s. a fly that stings 

Horselaugh, hb'rs-laf, s. a loud laugh 
Horseleech, hb'rs-letsh, s. a great leech 

that bites horses 
Horseman, hbr's-man, s. one skilled in 

Horseplay, hb'rs-pla, s. coarse and rough 

play, rudeness 
Horsepond, hb'rs-pbnd, *. a pond for 

Horseradish, hb'rs-rftd'-fsh, s. a root 
Horseshoe, hb'rs-sh6, s. a shoe for 

horses, a sort of herb 
Horseway , hb'rs- wa', s. a broad open way 

by which horses may travel 
Hortation, hbr ta'-shtin, s. the act of 

exhorting, advice 
Hortulan, hb'r-tfi-l&n, a. belonging to a 

Hosanna, ho-zaV-na*, s. an exclamation 

of praise to God 
Hose, hoze, s. breeches, stockings 
Hosier, ho-zbyer, s. one who sells stock- 
ings, &c. 
Hospitable, hos-pV-teVl, a. kind to 

strangers, friendly 
Hospital, b's-p¥-taM, 5. a receptacle for 

the sick and poor 
Hospitality, hos-pf-taT-ft-^, s. the prac- 
tice of entertaining strangers 
Host, ho'st, s. a landlord of an inn an 

army, a great number 
Hostage, hbs'-tgdzh, s. z. person left as 

a pledge for performance of condi- 
Hostess, hos't-gs, s. mistress of an inn 
Hostile, Ws'-tfl, a. adverse, warlike 

Hostility, hbs-tf l'-V-ty", s. open war 
Hostler, bs'-ler, s. one who has the 

care of horses at an inn 
Hot, hbt', a. having heat, lewd, eager 
Hotbed, hbt'-bgd, s. a bed of earth made 

hot by the fermentation of dung 
Hotbrained, hbt'-brand, a. violent, fu- 
rious [childish play 
Hotcockles, hbt'-kbkl'z, s. a species of 
Hotheaded, hbt'-hgd-Sd, a violent, pas- 
Hothouse, hbt'-hbus, s. a house for ten- 
der plants, and in which fruits are 
matured early by artificial heat 
Hotspur, hot'-spur, s. a headstrong and 

precipitate man, a kind of early pea 
Hovel, hov'-el, s. a mean habitation 
Hover, hbv'-eV, v. n. to hang over head, 

to wander about 
Hough, hbf, s. the lower part of the 

thigh — v. a. to hamstring, to cut up 

Hound, hb&'nd, s. a dog used in the 

chace [ a day 

Hour, bu'r, s. the twenty-fourth part of 

Hourglass, bu'r-gl&s, s. a glass filled 

with sand for measuring time 
House, hb&'s, s. a place of human 

abode — v. a. to harbour, to shelter 
Housebreaker, hb&'s-bre-ker, s. one who 
robs houses [bing of houses 

Housebreaking, hbft's-bre-king, s. rob- 
Household, hb&'s-hold, s. a family 
Householdstuff, hbus'-hold-stuf, s. fur- 
niture, utensils for a family 
Housekeeper, hbu's-k£-pe>, s. one who 
possesses or rents a house, one who 
has the care of a house and family 
Housekeeping, hbus'-keVpfng, s. domes- 
tic management 
Houseleek, hb&'s-l§ke, s. herb growing 

on houses, &c. 

Housemaid, hb&'s-madf, s. she who 

keeps the house clean [apartments 

Houseroom, hbft's-rome, s. convenient 

Housewarming, hb&'s-war-m^ng, s. a 

feast on taking possession of a new 


Housewife, huz'-lf, a mistress of a 

family, a female economist 
Housewifery, huz'-ff-ry, s. female eco- 
nomy [gree 
How, how', ad. in what manner or de- 
How beit, hbw-be'-lt, an. nevertheless, 

However, hbw-eV-er, ad. at least, ne- 
vertheless, yet [mortar 
Howitz, ho'-wtts, $. a small kind o* 


[ 139 ] 


shftt, note, lose, actor— htit, push, mute, fur— truly, rye —thus, thick. 

Howl, how'l, v. n. to utter cries in dis- 
tress as a dog— 5. cry of a wolf or doc 

Howsoever, h6w-so-eV-er, ad. in what 
manner soever 

Hox. hok's, v. a. to hamstring, [ship 

Hoy, hby, s. a coasting vessel,, a small 

Hubbub, hub-bub, s. tumult, a riot 

Huckaback, huk'-a-bak, s. a kind of 
figured linen 

Hucklebone, huk'1-bone, s. the hipbone 

Huckster, huks'-t^r, s. a retailer of small 

Huddle, h'tid'l, v. a. to perform 'in a 
hurry, to throw together in confusion 

Hudibrastic, hu-dt-bras'-tlk, a. like 
Hudibras, doggerel 

Hue, hu', s. shade of colour, die, cla- 
mour, pursuit [and arrogance 

Huff, htif ', v. a. to treat with insolence 

Huffish, huf '-tsh, a. arrogant, hector- 
ing, petulant 

Hug, hug', v. a. to embrace fondly, to 
hold fast— s. a close embrace 

Huge, hu'dzh, a. vast, immense, enor- 

Huggermugger, hug'-ger-mug-ger, s. 
secrecy, a by-place [clown 

Hulk, hulk', s. the body of a ship, a 

Hull, huT, s. the husk of any thing, the 
body of a ship 

Hum, hum', v. a. to buzz, to pause in 
speaking, to sing low, to deceive — 5. 
a buzzing noise, a deception 

Human, h^'-mln, a. having the quali- 
ties of a man 

Humane, hu-ma'ne, a. kind, benevo- 
lent, good natured 

Humanity, hu-man'-tt-^, s. the nature 
of man, kindness, benevolence, com- 

Humanize, hu'-m£n-tze, v. a. to soften, 
to reduce from savageness 

Humankind, hu'-m&n-ki'nd, s. the race 
of man 

Humble, htim'b'l, a.modest, submissive 
— v. a. to make humble or submissive 
— v. n. to become humble 

Humbles, hum'b'lz, s. the entrails of a 
deer [stupid 

Humdrum, htim'-drum, a. duii,dronish, 

Humectation, hu-me'k-ta'-shtin, s. a wet- 
ting or moistening 

Humeral, hu'-mer-al, a. belonging to 
the shoulder 

Humid, hd-mfd, a. wet, moist, watery 

Humidity, bu mM'-lt-y^ *. moisture, 

Humiliation, hu-mtl-ya'-srnln, s. the act 

of humility 
Humility, hu-mfrJit-y", s, freedom from 

pride, modesty 
Humourist, hu'-mdr-Yst, s one who gra 

tines his humour 
Humorous, hu'-mor-us, a. capricious, 

pleasant, jocular 
Humour, hu'-m6r, s. moisture, jocula 
rity, whim— v. a. to gratify, to com- 
ply with [back 
Humpback, hump'-b&k', s. a crooked 
Hunch, hunsh', v. a. to jostle, to crook 

the back 
Hundred, htin'-dre'd, s. ten multiplied 

by ten, a division of a county 
Hung, hung', pre;, znd part, of Hang 
Hunger, hung'-er, s. a desire of food, 
violent desire [eree:ly 

Hungry, hung'-ry", a. in want of food, 
Hunks, htingks, s. a covetous, sordid 

Hunt, hunt', v. a. to chase, to pursue, 
to search for — v. rt. to follow the 
chace — s. a pack of hounds, a chace 
Hunter, hunt'-er, s. one who follows the 

diversion of the chace 
Huntsman, hunts man. s. one who do- 

lights in or manages the chace 
Hurdle, hur-d'l, s. a texture of sticks, a 
grate [flax 

Hurds,hurd'z, s. the refuse of hemp or 
Hurl, hurl, v. a. to throw with vio- 
Hurlbat, hurl'-bat. s. awhirlbat 
Hurly-burly, huV-l^-bur'-ly", s. tumult, 

confusion, bustle 
Hurricane, hur'-rt-kane, s. a violent 

storm, a tempest 
Hurry, hur-r^, v. a. to hasten— v. n. 
to move with haste — s. tumult, pre- 
cipitation, haste 
Hurst, hur'st s a grove, a small wood 
Hurt, hurt', v. a. to injure, to harm, to 
wound — s. harm, mischief, wound, or 
Hurtful, hur't-ftil, a. injurious, perni- 
Husband, huY-biind, s. a married man, 
a frugal and careful man— v. a. to till, 
to manage frugally 
Husbandman, htiz'-band-mXn, s. one 

who works in tillage 
Husbandry, htiz'-ban-dry\ 5. tillage, fru- 
gality, care, thrift 
Hush, hush, v. a. to still, to quiet, 
,, appease— tu n, to be still 

HYD I 140 ] HrS 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, me, her — chin, chine, Held, shirt.— 

Hushmoney, htish-m6n-y", s. a bribe 

to induce secrecy- 
Husk, husk', s. the outmost tegument 
of wheat, bailey, &c. [dry 

Husky, has'-ky, a. abounding in husk, 
Hussar, huz~za'r, s. a kind of horse sol- 
Hussy, huz'-zy 1 , s. a sorry bad woman 
Hustings, hus'-tfngz, s. a council, a 

court held 
Hustle, htis'l, v. a. to shake together 
Huswife, huz'-tf, v. a. to manage with 
frugality [abode 

Hut, huV, s. a poor cottage, a mean 
Hutch, htltsh', s. a corn chest, a rabbit 

Huzza, htiz-za', interj. a shout of joy 

— v. n. to utter acclamation 

Hyacinth, hy'-a-s'mth, s. a flower, a 

colour [hyacinths 

Hyacinthine, hy-a-s'm'-tMn, a. like 

Hyades, hy'-a-dez, s. a constellation 

which prognosticates rain 

Hybernal, hi'-ber-nal, a. belonging to 

winter [heads 

Hydra, hy'-dr&, a monster with many 

Hydragogues, hy'-dra-gbgz, s. merli- 

dicines for the discharge of watery 

humours [hydraulics 

Hydraulic, hy-dra'-h'k, a. relating to 

Hydraulics, hy-dra-ftks, 5. the science 

of conveying water through pipes or 

conduits [rupture 

Hydrocele, hy-dro-sele, s. a watery 

Hydrocephalus, dy-dro-seT'-a-lus, s. a 

dropsy in the head 
Hydrographer, hy-drbg'-r&-fer, 5. one 

who draws maps of the sea 
Hydrography, hy-drbg -ra-fy, s. the art 
of measuring and describing the 
watery part of the terraqueous globe 
Hydromancy, hy'-dro-man-sy, 5. a pre- 
diction by water [water 
Hydr^mel, hy'-dro-mel, s. honey and 
Hydrometer, hy drom'-e-ter, s. an in 
strument to measure the extent of 
water [of water, the canine madness 
Hydrophobia, hy-dro-fc'-by&, s. dread of 
Hydropic, hy-drop'-tk, a. dropsical 
Hydrostatical, h|-dro-stat'-l-kiil, a. re- 
lating to hydrostatics 

Hydrostatics, hy-dro-stat'-lks, s. sciecce 
of gravitation or weighing of fluids 

Hyena, hy-e'-nS, s. a fierce animal like a 

Hygrometer, hy grbm'-e-ter, 5. an in- 
strument to measure the degrees of 

Hygroscope, hy'-gro-skope, s. to shew 
the moisture and dryness of the air 

Hymeneal, hy'm-e-ne-al, a. pertaining 
to marriage 

Hymn, h^m', s. a divine song— v. a. 
to praise in songs of adoration 

Hyp, nyp, v. a. to make melancholy, 
to dispirit [of cases, &c. 

Hypallage, hy-paT«la-dzhe, s. a change 

Hyperbole, hy-peY-bd-le, *. in rhetoric, 
exaggeration, diminution 

Hyperbolic, hy-per-bbl'-'ik, a. exagge- 
rating or extenuating beyond fact 

Hyperborean, hy-per-bo-ryan, a. north- 
ern [reasonable critic 

Hypercritic, hy-peV-krft'-'ik, s. an un- 

Hypercritical, hy-p^r-krlt-t-kal, a. cri- 
tical beyond use 

Hyphen, hy'-fen, s. a short line thus (-) 
between words or syllables 

Hypochondriac, hyp-d-kon-dri'-ak, a. 
melancholy — s. one affected with me 
lancholy, or disordered in the imagi- 
nation [tion, a pretence 

Hypocrisy, h^p-bk'-rts-y, s. dissimula- 

Hypocrite, hyp -6-krite, s. a dissembler 
in religion, &c. 

Hypocritic, hyp d-krft'-'i'k, a. dissem. 
biing, insincere 

Hypostasis, hy-pbs'-ta-sYs, s. a distinct 
substance, personality 

Hypostatical, hy-po-statVf-kal, a. con- 
stitutive, distinct 

Hypothenuse, hy-pbth-e-nuse, s. longest 

side of a right angled triangle- 
Hypothesis, hy-poth-e-sls, *• a system 
formed upon supposition 

Hypothetic, ha-po-thetVik, a. supposed, 

Hyson, hi'-sbn, s. a species of fine tea 

Hyssop, hlz'op, s. a sort of plant 
Hysteric, hy's-ter-'ik, a. troubled with 
fits [women 

Hysterics, h^s-ter-tks, s.fits peculiar to 


sh&t, note, ldse, actdr— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

It, pron. of the first person in the 
5 Nominative, myself 

Jabber, dzhab'-ber, v. n. to talk idly, to 
chatter [extended 

Jacent, dzha'-s&it, a. lying at length, 

Iacinth, l'-a-sfnth, 5. the hyacinth, a 
precious stone [young pike 

Jack, dzhak', 5. John, an engine, a 

Jackal, dzhak'-al, s. a small dog-like 

Jackanapes, dzhak'-an-aps, *. a monkey, 
a coxcomb 

Jackdaw, dzdak-da', s. a small species 
of crow 

Jacket, dzhak'-et, s. a short coat, a 
close waistcoat 

Jacobin, dzhak'-o-bfn, s. a species of 
monk, a species of pigeon, a person 
disaffected to the state [ing 

Jactation, dzhak ta-shtin, s. vain boast- 

Jaculation, dzhak-tl-la-shuu, s. the act 
of throwing weapons 

lade, d^ha'de, s. b worthless horse, a 
sorry woman — v. a. to tire, to dis- 
pirit, to weary 

Jadish, dzha'-dtsh, a. unruly, vicious, 
unchaste [culation 

Jag, dzhag', v. a. to notch— s. a denti- 

Jaggy, dzhag'-y, a. uneven, ragged, 

Jakes, dzhak's, s. place of receiving 
filth or excrement 

Jalap, dzhai -ap, s. a purgative root 

Jam, dzham', s. a conserve of fruit — 
v. n. to wedge in, to confine 

Jamb, dzham', s. the upright post of a 

Iambic, i-am'-Mk, s. verses composed 
of a long and short syllable alter- 

Jangle, dzhang'l, v. ??. and a. to 
wrangle, to be out of tune 

Janizary, dzhan'-fz-ar-y, 5. one of the 
Turkish guards [tering 

Janty, zha'n-ty, a. showy, giddy, flut- 

January, dzhen'-u ar-y, s. the first 
month of the year 

Japan, dzha-pari, s. a varnish made to 
work in colours 

Jar, dzha'r, v. rt. to make a disagree- 
able noise, to clash, to quarrel — s, a 
harsh sound, an earthen vessol 

Jargon, dzh'ar-g6n, r. gabble, gibberish 

Jargonelle, dzhar-go'-ne'l, s. a species of 
pear [stone 

Jasper, dzhaV per, s. a green precious 

Javelin, dzhav-lfn, $. a spear or half 

Jaundice, dzban-dl's, *. a distemper 
caused by the obstructions of the 
glands of the liver 

Jaundiced, dzha'n-dtst, a. affected with 
the j.aundice 

Jaunt, dzha'nt, v. a. to walk or travel 
about — s. a ramble, an excursion 

Jaw, dzha', s. bone inclosing the teeth 

Jay, dzha', $. a bird with gaudy fea- 
thers [sugar 

Ice, i'se, s. frozen water, concreted 

Ichnography, ik-no'-gra-fy, 5. ground- 

Ichor, i'-k6r, s. a thin watery humour 

Ichthyology, tk-tny-81-d-dzhy, s. the 
doctrine of the nature of fish 

Icicle, i'-slk'l, s. a shoot of ice hanging 
down [tion 

Icon, i'-kon, s. a picture or represeuta- 

Icy, i'-sy, a. full of ice, cold 

Idea, I-d6'-a, *. mental imagination, a 

Ideal, I-d&'-al, a. mental, intellectual 

Identify, I-dSn'-tf-fy, v. a. to prove to 
be really the same 

Identity, I-den'-tf-ty, s. sameness 

Ides, Tdz, s. a term of time amongst the 
Romans, the .fifteenth day of March, 
May, July, and October, and the 
thirteenth of eve*/ other month 

Idiocracy, fd-y-bk'-ra-sy, s. peculiar 

Idiom, Yd'-yom, s. a particular mode of 

Idiot, I'd'-yot, s. a fool, a changeling 

Idiotism, Td'-yo-tfzrr , s. folly, natural 
imbecility of mind 

Idle, i'd'l, a. lazy, unemployed, worth- 
less — v. n. to spend time in inac- 

Idleheaded, i'd'l-he'd-e'd, a. foolish, un- 

Idleness, id'l-nes, s. laziness, sloth 

Idol, i'-d61, 5. an image worshipped as 
God [idols 

Idolater, I-doi'-a-ter, s. a worshipper of 

IGN" C 142 ] ILL 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her— chin, chine, field, shirt.— 

Idolatrous, i-dol'-a-trus, a. tending or 
given to idolatry 

Idolatry, I-doT-i-tr^, s. the worship of 

Idolize, i'-do-lize, v. a. to love or re- 
verence to adoration 

Jealous, dzheT-us, a. suspicious, fear- 
ful, cautious 

Jealousy, dzheT-us-y'.s.suspicion in love 

Jeer, dzhere, v. n. to scoff — v. a. to 
treat with scorn 

Jehovah, dzhe-hoVva, s. the appropriate 
name of God in Hebrew 

Jejune, dzhe dzhCl'ne, a. hungry, trifl- 
ing, unatfecting 

Jelly, dzheT-iy, s. any thing brought to 
a glutinous state 

Jennet, dzhgn'-nSt, s. a Spanish or Bar- 
bary horse 

Jenneting, dzhen'-ne-tfng, s. species of 
forward apple 

Jeopardy, dzhep'-ar-dy, s. hazard, peril, 
danger [quick jolt 

Jerk, dzherk', s. a smart quick lash, a 

Jerkin, dzher'-kfn, s. a jacket, a kind of 

Jersey, dzher'-zy, s. a fine yarn of wool 

Jessamine, dzhfeV-sa-mln, s. a fragrant 

Jest, dzhfest', v. v. to bo merry by 
words or actions — s. any thing ludi- 
crous, a laughingstock 

Jesting, dzheV-trng, s. talk to raise 

Jesuitical, dzhSs-u It'-Y-kal, a. shuffling, 
artful, sly 

Jet, dzhet', s. a curious black fossil, a 
spout of water— v. n. to shoot for- 

Jetty, dzheY-tf, a. black as jet— $. a 
buttment against water, &e. 

Jew, dzhu, s. a person who professes 
the Jewish religion 

Jewel, dzhu-el, s. a precious stone, a 

gem [cious stones 

Teweller, dzhu'-e'l-e'r, s. a dealer in pre- 

Jews-harp, dzhuz-harp, s. a kind of mu- 
sical instrument 

If, If, conj . suppose that, whether or no 

Igneous, ig'-nyus, a. containing or 
emitting fire 

Ignis-fatuus, Yg'-nYs-tat'-u-us, s. a kind 
of fiery vapour, called Will with the 
wisp [ting on fire 

Ignition, ig-nYsh'-un , *. the act of set- 
Ignoble, Yg-no'b'i, a. mean of birth, 

Ignominious, Yg-no-mW-yus, a. mean, 
disgraceful, scandalous 

Ignominy, Yg'-no-mfn-y, s. disgrace, re- 
proach, shame 

Ignoramus, jg-no-ra-mus, s. a vain pre- 
tender, a foolish fellow 

Ignorance, fg no-rans, s. want of know- 
ledge, unskilfulness 

Ignorant, Yg'- no-rent, a. illiterate, with- 
out knowledge 

Jig, dzhtg', s. a light careless dance or 

Jill, dzhYl', s. quarter of a pint 

Jilt, dzlWit', s. a deceiving woman — 
v. a. to deceive in love — v. n. to 
play the jilt 

Jingle, dzhing'l, v. n. to clink — 5. any 
thing sounding, a rattle 

He, \'\e, s. a walk or alley in a church 

Iliac, Yl'-yiik, a. relating to the lower 

111, YT, a. sick, disordered — s. wicked- 
ness, misfortune — ad. not well 

Illaqueate, ll-la'-kwe-ate, v. a. to entan- 
gle, to ensnare 

Illation, Yl-la'-shun, s. an inference, a 
conclusion [rc<J 

Illative, Yl'-li-tYv, a. that may be infer 

Illegal, Yl-le-gal, a. contrary to law 

Illegality, Yl-le-gal'-Y-ty, s. contrariety 
to law 

Illegible, Yl-lSdzh'-Yb'J, a. what cannot 
be read 

Illegitimacy, Yl-le-dzhYt-y-ma-sy\ 5. state 
of being illegitimate 

Illegitimate, Yi-le-dzhYt'-Y-mgt, a. not 
begotten in wedlock 

111 favoured, Yl-fa'-v6rd, a. deformed 

Illiberal, Yl-lYb'-er-al, a. not noble 

Illicit, Yi-lts-Yt, a. unlawful 

Illiterate, il-lYt'-er-et, a. unlettered, un- 
taught, unlearned 

Illnarure, Yl-na'-ture, s. peevishness, 
habitual, malevolence 

Illnatured, Tl-na-turd, a. peevish, cros* 

Illude, Yl-lu'de, v. a. to deceive, to 

Illume, Yl-lu'me, Illumine, Yl-lu'-mYn,or 
Illuminatp, Yl-lu'-mYn-ate, v. a. to en- 
lighten, adorn, illustrate 
of giving light, what gives light, 
Illusion, Yl-lu-zhun, s. mockery, false 

Illusive, Yl-lu'-sY'v, a . deceiving by fals« 

1MM f 143 ] IMP 

T shStTnote, l&se, actor— hut, push, mute, fur-truly\ r>e —thus, thick. 

Illusory, fl-lu'-z6r-y, a. deceiving, frau- 

Illustrate, tUtis'trate.v. a. to brighten, 
to elucidate [tion, elucidation 

Illustration, tUus-tra'-shun, s. explana- 

Illustrative, Yl-ivis'-tra-tfv, a. that elu- 

Illustrious, fl-ltis'-tr^-us, a.conspicuous, 
noble, eminent 

Image, ttn'-e'dzh, idol, a likeness, an 
idea [sensations, show 

Imagery, frn-e'dzh-rv, s. sensible repre- 

Imaginary, tm-adzh'-ln-ar-y, a. fancied, 

Imagination, im-#dzh'A'n-a-shtin, s. fan- 
cy, conception, contrivance 

Imagine, fm-adzh'-Yn, v. a. to fancy, to 
scheme, to contrive 

Imbecile, fm-beV-tl, a. feeble of mind 
or body [of mind or body 

Imbecility, Ym-be sYl'-Y-t^, s. feebleness 

Imbibe, Ym-bi'be, v. a. to drink in, to ad- 

j mit into 

Imbitter, Ym-bft-ter, v. a. to make bit- 
ter, to exasperate 

Imbody, "I'm bbd'-y\ v. a. to form into a 

j body— v. n. to unite into one mass 

' Tmbolden, tm-b5'ld'n, v. a. to make bold 
to encourage 

Imbosom, Ym-bdz'-om, v. a. to hold in 

\ the bosom 

j Imbow, "mi-boV v. a. to arch, to vault 

jlmbower, ¥m-bow'-er, v. a. to shelter 

' with trees 

Imbrue, Vm-bru', v. a. to steep, to soak 

Imbrute, "im-bru'te, v. a. to degrade to 
brutality [to tinge 

Imbue, lra-bu', v. a. to tincture deep, 

Imburse, lm-bttr's, v. a. to stock with 

Imitable, Ym.y.teb'l, a. proper for imi- 
Imitate, frn'-Y-tate, v. a. to copy, to en- 
deavour to resemble, to counterfeit 
Imitation, tm-V-ta-shnn, s. the act of 
copying, an attempt to resemble 

limitative^ W-tta-tlv, a. inclined to 

j c °py 

llmitator, frn'-l ta-t6r, 5. he who copies 
1 or imitates [pure 

Immaculate, Ym-mak'-u-le't, a. spotless, 
Immaterial, Ym-ma-te'-ryal, a. incor- 
1 poreal 

Immature, Ym-ma-tu n», a. not ripe 
|Immaturity, Ym-ma-tu'r Yt V, s. unripe 

j ness [to be measured 1 Impassable, Ym-paV-eb'l, u. not too* 

'Immeasurable, ftn-mezh'-ti-reb'l, a. not ^ passed, not admitting passage 

Immediate, Ym-me-dye't, a. instant 
Immemorial, im me-mo' ryal, a. past 

time of memory 
Immense, Ym-m£n's, a. unlimited, in- 
finite, huge 
Immensity, Ynci-me!n'-sYt-y, s. unbounded 

greatness, infinity 
Immerge, Ym-merdzh', or Immerse, 
Ym-mers', v. a. to put under water, 
to cover 
Immerse, Im-me'rs'e, v. a. to put under 

Immersion, Ym-mer'-shiin, *. tlie act of 

immersing, dipping under water 
Immethodical, Ym-rngth tfd'-y c£l, a, 

without method, confused 
Imminent, Ym'-mi-nent, a. impending, 

Imminution, Ym-mY-nu-shun, s. a dimi- 
nution, a decrease [sive 
Immoderate, Ym-mod'-er-atp, a. exces- 
Iramodest, Ym-mSd' est, a. unchaste 
Immodesty, Ym-mod es ttf , s.,want of 
modesty [fice 
Immolate, toil'- mo-late, v. a. to sacri- 
Immolation, Ym-mo-la'-shtin, s. the act 

of sacrificing 
Immoral, Ym-mor'-al, a. dishonest 
Immorality, Ym-md-raT-Y-ty, s. want of 

Immortal, im-mor'-tdl, a. exempt from 

death, never to die. 
Immortality, Ym-mor-taT-Y-ty", s. exemp- 
tion from death 
Immortalize, Ym-mbY-ta-lIzc, v. a. t<, 

make immortal 
Immoveable, Ym-mov'-eVl, a. firm 
Immunity, fm-mu'-nV-ty', s. privile^o 
Immure, Ym-miYre, v. a. to shut in 
Tmimisical, Ym mu-zY-kal, a. harsh 
Immutability, Ym-mu-ta-bil'-Y-ty', s. ex-- 

emption from change 
Immutable, Ym-mu teb'l, a. invariable 
Imp, Ymp', s. an offspring, a puny 
devil [hard 

Impact, Ym-p&kt', v. a. to drive close or 
Impaint, Ym-pa'nt, v. a. to paint, to" 

adorn, to decorate 
Impair, Ym-pa're, v. a. to diminish, to 
injure— v. n. to be lessened or worn* 
our [to communicate 

Impart, Ym-pX'rt, v.a ■ to bestow, to give, 
Impartial, Im-jar'-shAl, " equitable 
Impartiality, 1'm-par-shyal. ~i-i$, s. jus- 

IMP £ 144 ] IMP 

Sounds. — h&t, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chYn, chine, field, shirt- 

Impassioned, Ym-pash'-tind, a. seized 
with passion 

Impatient, Ym-pa-shent, a. eager 

Impeach, Ym-pS'tsh, v. a. to accuse by 
public authority 

Impeachment, fm-petsh'-ment, s. an ac- 
cusation or public charge 

Impearl, Ym-peYl, v. a. to form like or 
decorate as with pearls 

Impede, Ym-p6'de, v. a. to hinder, to ob- 

.' struct [drance, obstruction 

Impediment, Ym-p&T-Y-ment, s. hin- 

Impel, lm pfeT, v. «. to urge forward, 
to press on 

Impellent, Ym-peT-le'nt, s. a power to 
drive forward [to be at hand 

Impend, ftn-pgnd', v. n. to hang over, 

Impendent, Ym-pgn'-dent, a. hanging 
over or near 

Impenetrable, Ym-pe'n'-e-treb'l, a. not to 
be pierced, not to be moved 

Impenitence, Ym-pgn'-Y-tens, s. obdu- 
racy, want of remorse for crimes 

Impenitent, tm pen'-Y-t&it, a. obdurate 

Imperative, Ym-per -a-tYv, a. command- 

Imperceptible, Im-per-s^p'-tib'l, a. not 
to be discovered 

Imperfect, Ym-per-ftkt, a. defective 

Imperfection, Ym-per-f£k'-shun, 5. a de- 
fect [pierced through 

Imperforate, Ym-per-rd r£t, a. not 

Imperial, fm-pe'-ry al , a. royal, belong- 
ing to an emperor 

Imperious, mvpe'-ryus, a. haughty, ar- 
rogant, lordly 

Imperishable, Ym-p£rY-sheb'l, a, not to 
be destroyed 

Impersonal, Ym-pe> s6u-al, a, not vari- 
ed according to the persons 

Impersuasible, Ym-per-swa'-sm'l, a. not 
to be persuaded 

Impertinence, Ym-per-tf-ne'ns, s. intru- 
sion, what is foreign to the matter in 

Impertinent, Ym-per-tt-nent, a. intru- 
sive, meddling 

Impervious, Ym-peY-vyus, a. unpassable 

Impetrate, Ym'-pe-trate, v. a. to obtain 
by intreaty 

Impetuosity, Ym-pef-u-oV'-Yt-y, s. vio- 
lence, fury, vehemence 

Impetuous, Ym-peV-u-us. a. violent, 
fierce, vehement [force 

Impetus, Ym'-pe-tus, s. a violent effort, 

Impiety, Ym-p7-e-ty a , s. irreverence, 

Impinge, Ym-pYndzh', v. n. to fall or 
strike against, to clash 

Impious,Ym-pyus, ff. irreligious, wicked, 

Implacable, Ytr.-pla-keb'l, a. not to fje 
pacified, inexorable 

Implant, frn-plant', v. a. to infix, to in- 
sert, to ingraft 

rmplausible, ftn-pla'-z'ib'l, a. absurd 

Implead, Ym-ple'd<?, v. a. to sue, to 
prosecute [utencH 

Implement, Ym'-ple-ment, s. a tool, an 

Impletion, Ym-ple'-shun, s. the act of 
filling up 

Implicate, Ym-plY-kattf, v. a. to entan- 
gle, to embarrass 

Implication, Ym-plY-ka-shun, s. involu* 
tion, a tacit inference 

Implicit, Ym-plis'-Yt, a. involved, resting 
upon another, tacitly understood 

Implore, Ym-plo're, v. a. to ask, to be- 
seech [prise 

Imply, Ym-ply', v. a. to include, to com- 

Impoison, Ym-poYz'n, v. a. to corrupt 
with poison 

Impolitic, Ym-pbT-¥-tYk, a. imprudent 

Imponderous, Ym-pon'-der-us, a. light 

Import, tai-port, v. a. to bring from 
abroad, to imply 

Import, Ym'-port, s. importance, things 

Importance, Ym-ptf'r-tens, s. a matter, 
subject, consequence 

Important, Ym-pbY-tent, a. of conse- 
quence, momentous 

Importation, Ym-por-ta'-shtin, s. the act 
of bringing from abroad 

Importunate, frn-pbVtu-ne't, a. inces- 
sant in solicitation 

Importune, Ym-por-tu'ne, v.a, to tease, 
to molest — a. troublesome 

Importunity, Ym-pbr-tu'-nt-ty, 5. inces- 
sant solicitation 

Impose, 1m-p6'ze, v. a. to enjoin as a 
duty, to deceive — s. a command, in- 
j unction 

Imposition, Im-po-zYsh'-tin, s. the act of 
laying any thing on another, an in- 
junction, an oppression, a cheat 

Impossible, Ym-pos'-Yb'l, a. impractica- 
ble [practicability 

Impossibility, Ym-ptfs-sY-b'iT-Y-ty, 5. im- 

Impost, Im-post, s. a tax, a toll 

Imposthumate, 1m-pos'-ttt'-mate, v.n. to 
form an abscess 

Imposthume, Ym-p»s'-tumc, f. mattei 
gathered in an abscess 


I M 1 


shot, note, lose, actor— hot, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Impostor, Ym-pbY-tor, who cheats, 
a false pretender 

Imposture, Ym-pbV-ture, s. cheat, fraud 

Impotence, Ym-po-tens, or Impotcncy, 
Ym'-pd-ten-sy, s. want of power, ina- 

Impotent, W-po-tent, a. weak, feeble 

Impoverish, Ym-poV-er ish, v. a. to 
make poor, to diminish 

Impound. YV-pSund, v. a. to shut up 
in a pinfold 

Impracticable, Ym-prak'-tY-ki-b'I , a. im- 
possible [ cy il> to curse 

Imprecate, Ym-pre-kate, v. a. to wish 

Imprecation, Ym-pre-ka'-shun, ■*. an in- 
vocation of evil 

Imprecatory, Ym'-prt-ka"-t6r V, a. con- 
taining wishes of evil 

Impregnability, Ym-pre'g-na'-bYr-Y-ty, s. 
state of being impregnable 

Impregnable, Ym-preg'-neb'l, a. not to 
be taken, unmoved 

Impregnate, Ym-preg'-n a t<?, v. a. to fill 
with young, to make prolific, to sa- 

Impregnation, Ym-pre'g-na-shun, s. the 
act of making prolific 

Impress, Ym-pres, s. a stamp or impres- 
sion — v. a. to stamp, to fix deep, to 
force [be impressed 

Impressible, fm-preV sYb'l, a. that may 

Impression, Ym-presh'-un, .<?. the act 
of pressing one body upon another, 
a stamp, an edition, number printed, 
influence made on the mind 

Impressive, Ym preV-sYv, a. tending to 
impress, capable of influencing 

Impressurf, I'm-pre'sh'-ure, s. a mark 
made by pressure [place 

Imprimis, Ym-pri'-mYs, ad. in the first 

Imprint, Ym-prYnt', v. a. to stamp or 
print, to fix on the mind 

Imprison, Ym-prYz'n, v. a. to shut up 
in a prison 

Imprisonment, Ym-prYz'-on-ment, s. con- 
finement, state of being imprisoned 

Improbable, Ym-pr5b'-eb'l, a. unlikely, 

Improper, Ym-prttp'-er, a. ill adapted, 

Impropriate, im-pro-prY-atc, v. a. to - 
convert to private use 

Impropriation, Ym-prd-prt-a'-shtin, s. 
church land in the hands of a layman 

Impropriator, Ym-pre-i^rY a'-trir, s. a lay- 
man that has the possession of church 

improve, Ym-prove, v. a. to advance 
nearer to perfection— r. n. to grow 
Improvement, Ym-prov'-me'nt, *. the 

act of improving, instruction 
Improvident. Ym-prov'.Y-di: ; nt, a. want 

ing thought or care to provide 
Imprudence, Ym-pru'-dens, s. inatten- 
tion to interest, indiscretion 
Impudence, Ym'-pu-dens, s. want of 
modesty [wanting mode- ty 

Impudent, Ym'-pu-de'nt, a. shameless. 
Impugn, Ym-pune, v. a. to attack, to 

Impulse, Ym'-puls, s. a communicated 

force, influence, motive, idea 
Impulsive, Ym-puT-sYv, a. having power 

to impel 

Impunity, Ym-pu'-nY-ty, s. exemption 

from punishment [purity 

Impure, Ym pure, a. drossy, void of 

Impurple, Ym-pur'p'l, v. a. to colour as 

with purple 
Imputable, Ym-pu-teb'l. a. chargeable" 
Imputation, Ym-pu-ta'-shtin, s. an accu- 
sation or charge 
Imputative, Ym-pu'-ta-tYv, a. capable of 
being imputed [to attribute 

Impute, Ym-pute, v. n. to charge upon. 
In, "in', prep, and ad. within, not out, 

among, &c. 
Inability, Yn-a-bYl'-Y-ty, s. impotence 
Inaccessible, Yn-ak-ses'-stb'I, a. not to 
be approached [exactness 

Inaccuracy, Yn-ak'-k&ra-sV, s. want of 
Inaccurate, Yn-ak'-ku rSt, a. not exact 
Inaction, Yn-ak' shun, s. a state of rest, 

Inactive, Yn-ak'-tYv, a. indolent 
Inactivity, Yn-ak-tYv'-Y-ty,.y. idleness 
Inadequate, Yn-ad'-Y-kwgr, o. defective ' 
Inadequately, Yn-ad'-Y-kw&t iy, ad. de- 
fectively, not completely 
Inadvertence, Yn-ad-veV-tens, $. care- 
lessness, negligence- 
Inadvertent, Yn-ad-veV-tSnt, a. careless '■ 
Inalienable, Yn-al-'yfen-eb'l, a. that can- 
not be alienated 
Inamorato, Yn-am-6-ra'-to, s. a lover 
Inane. Yn-a'ne, a. empty void 
Inanimate, Yn-an'-Y met, a. without ani- 
mation, dead [of body 
Inanition, Yn-a-nYsh'-tin, s. an emptiness 
Inanity, Tn-an' Y-ty, s. emptiness, void 
space [stomach or appetite 
Inappetency, Ya-ap'-pe-ten-sy, s. war»t of 

INC [ 146 ] IXC 

Sounds — h&t, hate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, me, h^r-cWn, chine, field, shirt. — 

Inapplicable, Yn-ap'-plY-keb'l, a. not to 

be put to a peculiar use 
Inapplication, In Hp-plY-ka'-shun, s. in- 
dolence, negligence 
Inarticulate, Yn-ar-tYk'-u-let, a. not ut- 
tered with distinctness 
Inartificial, Yn-fcr-tl-f Ysh'-Bl, a. contrary 
to art [negligence, neglect 

Inatt«ntion, Yn-SLtten' shtin, s.disregard, 
Inattentive, Yn-ttt-teV-tYv, a. careless 
Inaudible, Yn-a'-dYb'l, a. not to be heard 
Inaugurate, Yn-a-gu-rate, v. a. to con- 
secrate, to invest 
Inauguration, Yn-a-gu-ra'-shtin, s. inves- 
titure by solemn rites 
Inauspicious, Yn-ls-pYsh' us, a. unlucky 
Inborn, Yn-bb'rn, a. innate, implanted 

by nature 
Inbred, fn'-bre'd, a. bred or hatched 
within [hot 

Incalescent, Yn-kft-les'-gnt, a. growing 
Incantation, Yn-k&n-ta'-shtin, s. enchant- 
Incantatory, Yn-k&n-t&-t6r-y, a. dealing 

by enchantment 
Incapable, Yn-ka'-peb'l, a. unable 
Incapacious, Yn-ka-pa shtis, a. narrow 
Incapacitate, Yn-ka-paV-Y-tate, v. a. to 

disable, to weaken 
Incapacity, Yn-k£-paV-Yt-y, s. inability 
Incarcerate, Yn-k&'r-seY-ate, v. a. to im- 
Incarnate, Yn-ka'rn-ne't, a. clothed or 

embodied in flesh 
Incarnation, Yn-kSr-na-shtm, s. the act 

of assuming a body 
Incautious, Yn-ka'-shus, a. unwary 
Incendiary, Yn-sen'-dyar-y, s. one who 
sets houses or towns on fire, a sower 
of strife 
Incense, m'-sens, s. a perfume offered 
to images [enrage, to provoke 

Incense, Yn-seW, v. a. to enkindle, to 
Incentive, Yn-sent'-Yv, s. an incitement 

or motive — a. inciting 
Inceptive, Yn-sep'-tYv, a. noting a be- 
ginning [continual 
Incessant, Yn-seV-ent, a. unceasing, 
Incest, tn'-se'st, s.nearly related in blood, 

criminal conjunction of peisons 
Incestuous, Yn-ses'-tu-us, a. guilty of 
incest [foot 

Inch, Ynsh', s. the twelfth part of a 
Inchoate, Yn'-kd-ate, v. a. to begin 
Inchoation, Yn-ko-a-shun, s. a beginning 

of any work 
Incide, Yn-sl'de,v. a, to cut into * 

Incidence, Yn'-sY-dens, s. direction of 

one body to another 
Incident, Yn'-sY-dent, a. casual, fortu- 
itous, occasional — s. a casuality, an 
Incidental, Yn sY-den'-tSl, a. incident, 
casual [commencing 

Iwipient, Yn-sYp'-ygnt, «• beginning, 
Incision, Yn-sYzh'-tin, s. a cut, a wound 

Incitation, Yn-sY-ta-shtin, s. an incite- 
ment, motive [on 
Incite, Yn-si'te, v. a. to stir up, to urpe 
Incivility, Yn-sYv-Yl'-Y-ty, s. want of 

courtesy, rudeness 
Inclemency, Yn-klem'-en-sy, s. cruelty 
Inclement, Yn-klem'-fent, a. harsh 
Inclinable, Yn-kli'-neb'l, a. having a 

Inclination, Yn-klY na-shtin, s. tendency 

to a point, propension of mind 
Incline, Yn-kii'ne, f% n. to bend, to tend 
towards any part — v. -a. to give a 
tendency or direction to 
Incloister, Yn-kltfi's-ter, v. a. to shut 

up in a cloister 
Inclose, Yn klo'ze, v. a. to surround, tr 
shut in [ced in 

Inclosure, Yn klo'zh-ure, s. ground fen- 
Include, Yn-klu'de, v. a. to enclose, to 

Inclusive, Yn klu'-sYv, a. comprehend. 

ing, enclosing 
Incog, Yn-kog', ad. unknown, in private 
Incognito, Yn-koV-ni-to, ad. in a state 

of concealment 
Incoherence, Yn ko-he'-re'ns, s. want of 

connection, incongruity 
Incoherent, Yn ko he-rgnt, a. inconsis- 
tent [to be consumed by fire 
Incombustible, Yn-kbm-bus'-tYb 1, a. not 
Income, Yn'-kbm, s. revenue, profit 
Incommensurable, Yn-k5m-m£n-su reb'l, 

a. not to be reduced to measure 
Incommode. Yn-kom-md'de, r. a. to 

hinder or embarrass 
Incommodious, Yn-kom md'-dytis, a. in- 
convenient, vexatious 
Incommunicable, Yn-ktfm m&'-nY-keVl, 

a. not impartable, not to be told 
Incompact, Yn-k5m-pakt', a. not joined 
Incomparable, Yn-kttm'-pa'-reb'l, a. ex- 
cellent above compare 
Incompatible, Yn-kbm-pHt'Yb'l, a. in- 
consistent with something else 
Incompetency, Yn-kom-pe-ten-sy, s. in- 


C 147 1 


'Ihttt, 'ndte^lftse, actor— hot, push, mute, fur— truly, rye —thus, thick. 


Incompetent, Yn kbrn'-pe-tent 

suitable, not adequate 
Incomplete, Yn-kbm pie te, a. not per- 
Incompliance, Yn-kompli'-ens, s. un- 

tractableness, impracticableness 
Incomprehensible, Yn-kbm-pre-hen-sYb'l, 

a. not to be conceived 
Inco-aprehensibleness, Yn-kbm-pre-hen'- 

stb l-ngs, s. unconceivableness 
Incompressible, Yn-kbm-prtV sYb'l, a. 
not capable of being compressed inlo 
less space [be conceived 

Inconceivable, Yn-kbn se'-veb'l, a. not to 
Inconclusive, Yn-kbn klu'-sYv, a. not ex- 
hibiting cogent evidence 
Inconclusiveness, Yn-kon-klu-sYv-nes, s. 

want of rational cogency 
Inconditional, Yn-kbn-dYsh'-6n-al, or In- 
conditionate, Yn-kbn-dYsh'-bn-e't, a. 
not limited 
Inconformity, Yn-kbn-fbr'-mY-t^, s. in- 
Incongruence, Yn-kbn-gru-ens, or In- 
congruity, Yn-kbng-gru-Y-ty\ s. incon- 
sistency, absurdity, disagreement 
Incongruous, in-kong'-gru-us, a. not 

Inconsequence, Yn-kbn'-se-kwens, ?. in- 
conclusiveness, want of just infer- 
ence {"out just conclusion 
Inconsequent, Yn kou'-se-kwent, a.with- 
Inconsiderable, Yn-kbn-sYd'-er-ebi, a. 

unworthy of notice 
Inconsiderableness, Yn-kbn sYd-er-eb'l- 
nes, »> small importance [less 

Inconsiderate, Yn- 1 - bn-sYd'-er-e't, a. care- 
Inconsider^teness, "m-kbn-sYd'-er-^t nes, 
or Inconsideration, Yn-kbn-sTd er a- 
shiin, s. want of thought, inattention 
Inconsistency, Yn-kbn-sYs'-ten-sy, s. dis- 
agreement, absurdity 
Inconsistent, Yn-kbn -sts'-ttnt, a. absurd 
Incou-olable, Tn-kbn-so-leb'l, a. not to 

be comforted, sorrowful 
Inconspicuous, Yn-kba-spYk u'-us, a. in- 
discernible, not I erceptible 
Inconstancy, Yn-kbn' stan sC, s. unstea- 
Inconstant, Yn-kbn'-st&nt, a. not. firm 
Incontestible, Yn-kbga-te's'-teb'l, a, not 

to be disputed 
Incontieuous, Yn-kbn-tYg'-u us, a. not 

touching each other 
Incontinence, fnkBn'-tt-ne'ns, s. intem- 
Incontinent, Yn-kbn'-tY-nent, a. unchaste 

Incontrovercible,Yn-kbn-trd.vert'-tb 1, a. 

Inconvenient, fn-kbn-ve -nyent, a. unfit 
Inconversible, Yn-kbn-veY-seb'l, a. un- 
social [transmutable 
Inconvertible, Yn-kbn ver-tYb'l, a. not 
Incorporal, Yn kbr'po-rXl, or Incorpo- 
real, Yn kor pb-ryal, a. immaterial, 
distinct from body 
Incorporate, In kbr-po-rab?, v.a. to form 
into one body, to mix, to unite to a 
society [terial, unbodied 
Incorporeal, Yn-kbr-pb'-ryal, a. imma- 
Tncorrect, Yn-kbr-rSkt', a. not exact 
Incorrectness, Yn-kbr-r£kt'-ne's, s„ inac- 
curacy, want of exactness 
Incorrigible, Yn-kor'-rY-dzhYb'l , a. bad 

beyond correcting, depraved 
Incorrigibleness,1n-kbr'-rl-d2hxb , l-ne's s. . 

hopeless depravity 
Incorrupt, Yn-kor'-rtipt', a. honest 
Incorruptible, Yn kbr-rup'-ttb'l, a. not 

capable of corruption 
Incorruption, tn kbr-rtip'-shun, s. inca- 
pacity of corruption 
Incrassate, tn kras'-sate\ v. a. to thicken 
Incrassation, Yn-kr&s sa'-shtin, s. the act 
j of thickening [augmentation 

I Increase, Yn-kreV, v. n. to grow— s. 
Incredibility, Yn-krecl Y -btl' Y-ty, v. the 
Quality of surpassing belief fdited 
Incredible, in-kred'-Ybi. a. i-otto he ere- 
Incredulity, Yn-kre-du lY-ty\ s. hardness 

of belief 
Incredulous, Yn-kre'd'-u-lus, a. hard of 

belief, refusm? credit 
Increment. Yn'-kre-ment, s. produce 
Tncrepation. Yn kre-pa'-shun, s. chiding, 
Incrust, Yn-kriist', v. a. to cover with an 

additional coat 
Tn ru station, Yn krtis-ta'-shun, <r. some- 
thin? superinduced 
Incubate, Yn-ku-ba£f\ v. n. to hatch 
Incubation, Yn-ku-ba' shttn, s. the act of 

sitting upon eggs to hatch 
Incubus Yn K&'-bus, s. the nightmare 
Tnculcate, Yn kti! katP, v. a. to instruct 
Inculcation, Yn-ktll-ka-shun, *. the act 

of instructing 
Inculpable, Yn ktiT peb'l, a. free from 

fault or blame 
Incumbent, Yn-kum'-be'nt. a. resting 
upon, imposing as a duty — s. the pos- 
sessor of a benefice 
Incur, Yn-kor', v. a to become liable to 
Incurable, Yn-ku'-reb'l, a. hopeless 
O 2 


L 148 j 


Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— m£t, desist, me, her— chYn, chine, field, shirt. - 

Incurious,Yn-ku'-ryus, a. negligent, void 

of care 
Incursion, Yn-ktir'-shtin, s. an attack 
Incurviate, Yn-kur'-vate, v. a. to bend 
Incurvity, Yn-ktir'-vY-ty, s. bending 
Indagate, tn-d^-gate, v. a. to search, to 

* examine [to, or in debt 
Indebted, Yn-det'-ed, part. a. obliged 
Indecency, Yn-de'-sen-sy", a. any thing 

contrary to good manners 
Indecent, Yn-de sent, a. obscene 
Indeclinable, Yn-de-kli'-neb'l, a. not va- 
ried by terminations 
Indecorous, 1'n diko-rus, a. indecent 
Indecorum, Yn de-ko-rnm, s. indecency 
Indeed, Yn-dede, ad. in reality 
Indefatigable, Yn-de-fat'-Y-geb'l, a. un- 
wearied, not tired 
Indefeasible, Ynde-fe'-zYb'l,a. not to be 

cut off, not to be vacated 
Inde r ensible, Yn-de-fe'n'-sYb'], a. what 

cannot be defended 
Indefinite, Yn-dfeT '-Yn-Yt, a. unlimited 
Indeliberate, "in de-lYb'-er-e't, a. rash 
Indelible, Yn-dfeT-Yb'l, a. not to be ef- 
faced [proper decency 
Indelicacy, Yn deT-Y-ka" stf, s. want of 
Indelicate, Yn-deT-Y-ket, n. rude, gross 
Indemnify, Yn-dem'-nY-fy, v. a. to secure 

against loss or penalty 
Indemnity, Yn-dem'-nY t^, s. security 

from punishment 
Indent, Yn-dfent', v. a. to scollop 
Indentation, Yn-den-ta'-shnn, s. inden- 
ture, inequality [or deed 
Indenture, Yn-den'-ture, s. a covenant 
Independence, Yn-de-pen'-dens, or In- 
dependency, Yn-de" pen' - den c% s. free- 

* dom, exemption from controul 
Independent, Yn-de-pen'-dent, a. free — 

s. one who in religious affairs holds 

; that every congregation is a complete 

church [to be destroyed 

Indestructible, Yn-de-struk'-tYb'l, a. not 

Indeterminable, Yn-de-ter-mY-neb'l, a. 

not to be fixed, not to be defined 
Indeterminate, Yn-de-ter'-mY ne% a. un- 
Indevotion, Yn-de-v6'-shun, s. want of 

devotion, irreli^ion 
Indevout. Yn-de-vout', a. not devout 
Index, Yn'-de'ks, s. the pointer out, the 
hand that points to any thing, the 
' table of contents to a book 
Indicant, Yn'-dt-kent, a. showing 
Indicate, Yn'-dY-kate, v. a, to show 
Indication, Yn-dY-ka'-shtin, s. mark 

Indicative, Yn-dYk'-a-tYv, a. pointing out, 

in grammar a modification of a verb 

expressing affirmation [charge 

Indict, Yn-di'te, v. a. to accuse, lo 

Indictable, Yn dit'-eb 1, a. liable to be 

Indiction, Yn-dYk'-sh'rin, s. declaration, 
proclamation, an epocha of the Ro- 
man calendar instituted by Constan- 
tine the Great 
Indictment, Yn-di'te-ment, s. accusation 

in a court of justice 
Indifference, Yn-dYf '-fer-e'ns. s. ncgli 

gence, disinterestedness 
Indifferent, Yn dtf '-fer-ent, a. neutral 
Indigence, Yn'-dY-dzhens, s. want 
Indigenous, Yn-dYdzh'-e-nus, a. native 

to a country 
Indigent, Yn'-di'-dzhe'nt, a. poor 
Indigested, Yn-dY dzhe'st-e'd, a. not 

formed, not digested 
Indigestion, m-dY-dzhesh'-ttin, 5. want of 
digestion, the state of meats uncon- 
Indigitation, Yn-dYdzh-Y-ta' shtin, s. the 

act of pointing out or showing 
Indignant, Yn-dYg'-ngnt, a. angry 
Indignation, Yn'dtg-na'-shan, $. angei 

mingled with contempt or disgust 
Indignity, Yn-dYg'-nY-ty, s. contumely 
Indigo, Yn'-dY-go, s. a plant for dying a 

blue colour 
Indirect, Yn-dY-rekt', a. not straight 
Indiscernible, Yn-dYz-er'-nYb'i, a. not 

Indiscreet, Yn-dYs-krete, a. imprudent 
Indiscretion, Yn-dis-kre'sh'-un, s. impru- 
dence, rashness 
Indiscriminate, Yn-dYs-krYm'-Yn-et, a. un- 

distinguishable, confused 
Indispensable, Yn-dYs-pen'-seb'l, a. not 

to be spared, necessary 
Indispose, Yn-dYs-po'ze, j). a. to disorder 
Indisposition, Yn-dYs-po-zish'-tin, s. dis- 
order of health 
Indisputable, Yn-dYs'-pu-teb'l, a. uncon 

trovertible, incontestible 
Indissolvable, Yn-dtz-zol'-veb'l, a. indis 

soluble, not to be broken 
Indissoluble, Yn-dis'-so-l&b'l, a. firm 
Indistinct, Yn-dYs-tYngkt, a. confused 
Indistinguishable, Yn-dYs-tm^'-gtiYsb' 
eVl, a. which cannot be distinguished 
Indite, Yn-di'te, v. a. to compose, to 

draw up 
Individual, Yn-dY-vYd'-u-al, a. not to be 
divided— s. every single person 

INE L u 9 1 INF 

shbt, note, ldse, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

*■*■*■* +- 

Indivisible, Yn-dYv-Yz'-Yb'l, a. what can- 
not be broken into parts 
Tndocible, Yn-dbs'-tb'l, or Indocil, Hil- 
das' Yl, a. unteachable 
Indocility, Yndd-sYl'-i'-ty, s.unteachable- 
- nes>, refusal of instruction 
Indolence, Yn'-do-lens, s. laziness 
Indolent, Yn'-dd-lent, a. lazy 
Iadorse, Yn db'rs, v. a. to write on the 

Indraught, Yn'-draft, s. an inlet 
Indrench, Yn'-drensh', v. a. to soak 
Indubitable, Yn du' bY-teb'l, a. certain 
Induce, Yn du'se, v. a. to persuade 
Inducement, Yn-du'se-mfent, s. motive to 

any thing 
Induct, Yn-dttkt', V. a. to introduce, to 

put in possession of a benefice 
Induction, Yn-dtik'-shtin, s. a taking pos- 
session [gratify 
Indulge, Yn-doldzh\ v. a. to fondle, to 
Indulgence, Yn-dtil'-dzhens, s. fondness 
Indulgent, Yn dul'-dzhent, a. kind 
Indurate, Yn'-du-;at<-.r. a. to harden 
Induration, Yn-du a shan, s. the act of 

Industrious, Yn-dtis'-tryus, a. diligent 
Industry, Yn'-dus-try, s. diligence 
inebriate, ifn-e-brtate, v. a. to intoxi- 
Inedited, Yn-e'd'-Yt-e'd, a unpublished 
Ineffable, Yn-ef'-feb'l, a. unspeakable 
Ineffective, Yn-eTfek'-tYv, a, that which 

can produce no effect 
Ineffectual, Yn-eT-fek'-tu-al, a. weak 
Inefficacy, Yn-eT-f Y-ka-sy, s. w r ant of 
power [gance 

Inelegance, Yn-eT-e-ge'ns, s. want of ele- 
Inelegant, in eT -e-gent, a. mean 
Ineptitude, Yn-ep'-tY-tudc, s. unfitness 
Inequality, Yn-e-kwaT-Yt-y, s.unevenness 
Inert, Yn-ert', a. dull, sluggish 
Inevident, Yn-eV-Y dent, a. not plain 
Inevitable, Yn-Sv'-Y-teb'l, a. certain 
Inexcusable, Yn-gks-ku'-zeb'l, a. not to 
be excused [cannot evaporate 

Inexhalable,Yn-&ks-haleb'l,tt.that which 
Inexhaustible, Yn-e'ks-has'-tlbl, a. not 
to be spent [moved by intreaty 

Inexorable, Yn-e'ks'-d rgbi, a. not to be 
Inexpedience, Yn-Sks-pe'-dyens, s. want 

of fitness 
Inexpedient, Yn-e'ks-pS'-dye'nt, a. unfit 
Inexperience, Yn-Sks-pe'-ryens, s. want 

of experimental knowledge 
Inexpert, Yn-Sks-peVf, «. unskilful 

Inexpiable, Yn-e'ks'-pY-eb'l, a . not to be 
aroned ' [i,le of being explained 

Inexplicable, Yn-£ks'-plYkeb'l, t/.mcapa- 
Inexpressible, Tn-gks-prgs'-sYb'l, a. not 
to be described [£b'I,a. unquenchable 
Inextinguishable, Yn-Sk' sttng'-gwYsh- 
Inextricable, Yn-eks'-trY-kebl, a. not to 

be disentangled 
Infallibility, Yn-faUY-bYl'-Y-ty, *. inerra- 
bilitv [mistake 

Infallible, Yn-fal lYb'l, a. incapable of 
Infamous, Yn-fa-mus, a. base, vile 
Infamy, Yn'-fa-my, s. notoriety of bad 
character [life 

Infancy, Yn'-fen-sy\ s. the first part of 
Infant, Yn'-fent, s. a child under seven 

years of age 
Infanta, Yn-fan -ta, s. a Spanish princess 
Infantile, Yn'-fan-tuV, a. pertaining to 
an infant [of an army 

Infantry, Yn'-fan try, s. the foot soldiers 
Infatuate, Yn-rat'-u-ate, p. a. to bewitch 
Infatuation, Yn-fat-u-a-shun, s. depriva- 
tion of reason 
Infect, Yn-f&kt', v. a. to taint 
Infection, Yn-felc'-shun, s. contagion 
Infectious, Yn-f^k'-shus, a. contagious 
Infelicity, Yn-fe-lYs'-Y-.y, s. misery, cala- 
Infeoff, Yn-fe'f ', v. a. to unite to the fee 
Infer, Yn-feV, v. a. to induce 
Inference, Yn'-ftj-rens, s. conclusion 

drawn from previous arguments 
Inferior, Yn fe-ry6r, s. lower in place 
Inferiority ,Yn-fe-ry6r'-Y-ty, s. lower state 

of dignity or value 
Infernal, Yn-fer'-nal, a. hellish 
Infertile, Ynfer'-tYl, a. unfruitful 
Infest, Yn-fe'st', v. a. to disturb 
Infidel, Yn-f Y-del, s. an unbeliever 
Infidelity, Yn-fY-dfeT-Y-ty, s.want of faith 
Infinite, Yn'-ft-nYt, a. unbounded 
Infinitive, Yn-f Yn'-Yt-Yv, s. a moood in 

Infinitude, Yn-f Yn'-Y-tude, s. infinity 
Infinity^ Yn-f Yn'-Y-t>\ s. immensity 
Infirm, Yn-f irm', a. weak, feeble 
Infirmary, Yn-f ir'-mar-y, .$. lodgings for 
the sick [ins, malady 

Infirmity, Yn-f ir-mY-ty, s. weakness, fai!- 
Infiame, Yn-fla'me, v. a. to kindie_. to 

set one fire, to provoke 
Inflammability, Yn-flam-ma-bYl'-Y-ty, s. 

quality of catching fire 
Inflammable, Yn-flam'-meb'l, a. easy !*>, 
be inflamed 

ING C 150 ] INH 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her— Chin, chine, field, shirt. 

Inflammation, Yn-flam-ma'-shtln, s. the 
"i act of inflaming, state of being in- 
Inflammatory, Yn-flani'-ma-tdr-y*, a. hav- 
ing power to inflame 
Inflate, iD-flat^, v. n. to swell or puff 

up with wind 
Inflation, Yn-fla -shun, s. the state of be- 
ing swelled with wind, flatulence 
Inflect, Yn-flek't, v. a. to crook, to bend, 
to turn, to vary [ing 

Inflection, Yn-fleV-shon, s. act of infiect- 
Inttective, Yn fleY-tYv, a. having the 
power of inflecting [terable 

Inflexible, Yn-fle'ks'-eb'I, a. stiff, unal- 
Inflict, Yn-flY'kt, v. a. to put in act or 

impose as a punishment 
Infliction, Yn-flik'-shiin, 5. the act of in- 
flicting punishment [to inflict 
Inflictive, Yn-flYk'-tYv, a. tending or able 
Influence, Yn'-flu-ens, s. an ascendant 
power, sway, bias — v. a. to act upon 
with impulsive power, to bias 
Influent, Yn'-fiu fent, a. flowing into 
Influential, Yn-Hu £n'-shal, a. exerting 
influence or power [disease 
Influenza, Yn-flh en'-za, s. an epidemic 
Influx, Yn'-fTuks, s. the act of flowing in, 
infusion [leaves 
Infoliate, Yn-fo -lyate, v. a. to cover with 
Inform, Yn-fo'rm, v. a. to animate, to 
instruct, to acquaint — v. n. to give 
intelligence [form 
Informal, Yn-fo'r-mal, a. not in due 
Informality, in-formal'-i-ty, s. want of 
due form [forms 
Informant, Yn-fo'r-ment, s. one who in- 
Information,'-shun, s. intelli- 
gence, instruction, accusation 
Infract, Yn-frakt', v. a. to break in pieces 
Infraction, in frak'-shuii, s. the act of 

breaking, violation 
Infringe, Yn-frYndzh', v. a. to violate, to 

break a contract 
Infuriate, fii-f u'-ryet, a. enraged, raging 
Infuscation, Yn-fus-ka'-shun, s. the act 

of making dark 
Infuse,, Yn-fit'se, v. a. to pour in, to in- 
stil, to steep, to tincture, to inspire 
with [infused, not fusible 

Infusible, Yn-fu'-z-Yb'l, a. impossible to be 
Infusion, Yn-fu'-zhrin, s. the act of in- 
fusing, liquor made by infusion 
Infusive, Yn-fu-sYv, a. having the power 

of infusion, or of being infused 
Ingathering, Yn gath"-er-Yng, *. the get- 
ting in he harvest 

Ingeminate, in dzem'-Yn-kte, v. a. to 

double, to repeat 
Ingenerate, Yn-dzhfen'-er-e't, or Ingpnc- 

rated, Vn-dzhen' er-a-ted, a. unbesot- 

tcn ! rive 

Ingenious,Yn-dzhe'-nyus, a. witty, inven- 
Inoenuity, Yn-dzhe-nu'-Y-tV, s. invention. 

genius, subtilty, candour 
Ingenuous, fn-dzhen'-u-us, a. open, fair, 

generous, noble [the stomach 

Ingest, Yn-dzhest', v. a. to throw into 
.Inglorious, in-glo'-ryus, a. dishonour 

able, mean 
Ingot, Yn'-gbt, s. a wedge of gold or 

silver, &c. 
Ingraft, Yn-gritft', v. a. to plant the sprig 

of one tree in the stock of another, 

to fix deep 
Ingrate, in-gra'te, a. ungrateful 
Ingratiate, Yn-gra'-shyate, v. a. to get 

huo favour, &c. [fulness 

Ingratitude, Yn-grat'-Y-t&de, s. unthank- 
Ingredient, Yn-gre-dyent, *. a compo- 
nent part [entrance 
Ingres*, Yn'-grfes, s. entrance, power of 
Ingression, in gresh'-'un, s. the act of 

entering fa gulf 

Ingulph, Yn-gti'lf, v. a. to swallow up in 
Inguinal, Yn'-gwin-al, a. belonging tr 

the proir* 
Ingulph, in gulf, v. a. to swallow up 

in, or cast into a gulph 
Ingurgitate, Yn-gur'-dzhY tate, v. a. to 

swallow creedily 
Inhabit, Yn-haV-it, v. a. to dwell in 
Inhabitable, Yn-hab'-Y-teb'l, a. that may- 
be inhabited 
Inhabitant, Yn-hab'-Yt-ent, s. a dweller 
Inhale, Yn-hal^, v. a. to draw in with 

air, to inspire [musical 

Inharmonious, in-har-m6n'-yus, a. un- 
Inherent, Yn-her'-ent, a. existing in 

something else, innate, inborn 
Inherit, in her'-Yt, v. a. to receive 01 

possess by inheritance 
Inheritance, Yn-her'-Yt-ens, s. hereditary 

possession, patrimony 
Inheritor, Yn-neY-it-6r> 5. an heir 
Inhibit, Yn-hYb'-Yt, v. a. to restrain 
Inhibition, Yn-hY-bYsh'-iin, 5. prohibition 
Inhold, Yn-ho'ld, v. a. to contain in it- 
self [to strangers 
Inhospitable, Yn-hbV-pY-teb'l, a. unkind 
Inhuman, Yn-hu'-man, a. barbarous 
Inhumanity, Yn-hu-man'-Yt-?, *. cruelty 
Inhumate, Yn-hu'-mate, or Inhume, Yn- 

bu'me, v. a. to bury, to inter 


[ 1M ] 


shot, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mufe, fur,— trul?, rye — thus, thick. 

Inject, Yn-dzhSkt', v. a. to dart in 
Injection, Yn-dzhe'k'-shun, s. the act of 
casting in [trary, repugnant 

Inimical, Yn-Ym'-Y-kal, a. hostile, con- 
Inirnitable, Yn-Ym'-Y-teb'l, a. not to be 

Iniquitous, Yn-Yk'-wY tus, a. wicked 
Iniquity, Yn-ik'-wY ty\ s. injustice, sin 
Initial, fn-Ysh'-yal, a. placed at-the be- 
ginning [instruct 
Initiate, Yn-Ysh'-yate, v. a. to enter, to 
Injudicial, Yn-dzhu-dtsh'-al, <v. not ac- 
cording to form of law [judgment 
Injudicious, Yn-dzhu-dfsh'-us, v. void of 
Injunction. Yn-dzhungk-sh'un,s- anorder 
Injure, m-dzhur, v. a. to annoy 
Injurious, Yn-dzhu' ryus, <i. unjust 
Injury, Tn-dzhur-y, s. mischief 
Injustice, fn'-d^hus-tls, s. iniquity 
Ink, Yngk', s. the black liquor with 

which we write 
Iukhorn, Yngk'-htfrn, s. a portable case 

of writing instruments 
Inkle, Yngk'l, s. a narrow fillet, a tape 
Inkling, Yngk'-h'ng, s. a hint, a whisper 
Inky, Yngk'-y, a. consisting of ink, black 
Inlaid, Yn-la'de, a. inserted into a dif- 
ferent substance, variegated 
Inland, Yn'-land, a. interior 
Inlay, Yn-la,». a. to variegate 
Inlaw, Yn'-la, v. a. to clear of outlawry 
Inlet, in-let, s. place of ingress 
Inmate, l'n'-mate, s. an in-d\veller 
Inmost, Yn'-most, a. remotest, deepest 
Inn, "in', s. house of entertainment for 
travellers, college for students at law 
Innate, Yn-na'te, a. inborn 
Inner, Yn'-ner, a. not outward 
Innholder, Yn'-hol-der, or Innkeeper, 
Yn'-ke-per, s. one who keeps lodgings 
and provisions for travellers 
Innocence, Yn'-no-sens, s, purity 
Innocent, Yn'-nd-sent, a. pure, harmless 
Innocuous, Yn-n6Y-u-us, a. harmless in 

Innovate, Yn'-no-vate, v. a. to introduce 

Innovation, Yn-nova'-shiin, s. the intro- 
duction of novelty 
Innovator, Yn'-no-va-t6r, s. one who in- 
troduces novelties 
Inuendo, Yn-u-en'-do, s. an oblique hint 
Innumerable, Yn-nu'-mer-eb'l, a. not to 

be numbered 
Inoculate, Yn-ok'-u-late, v. n. to insert a 
bud or matter of infection— v. a. to 
affect by inoculation 

Inoculation, in-dk'-u-la'-shtin, 5. inser- 
tion of matter of infection 
Inoffensive, Yn-of-fdn-siv, a. harmless, 
innocent [sudden 

Inopinate, Yn -op'-Y-net, a. not expected, 
Inordinate, Yn-o'r-dY-nSt, a. irregular, 
disorderly [by contact 

Inosculate, Yn os'-ku late, v. n. to unite 
Inosculation, Yn-bs-ku-la-shtin, *. an 
union, a kiss [a jury- 

Inquest, Yn'-kwcst, s. a judicial inquiry, 
Inquietude, 'ln-kwi'-e-tude, s. want of 

quiet, uneasiness 
Inquire, Yn-kwi're, v. n. to ask ques- 
tions, to make search or examination 
— v. a. to ask, to seek out 
Inquiry, Ynkwi'-ry", s. an examinations 

Inquisition, Yn-kwYz'ish'-tin, s. judicial 

inquiry, court to detect heresy 
Inquisitive, Yn-kwYz' -Yt-Yv, a. curious 
Inquisitor, Yn-kwYz'-Yt-6r, 5. a judge in 

the court of inquisition 
Inroad, Yn'-rcde, s. incursion 
Insane, Yn sane, a. mad, making mad 
Insanity, Yn-san'-Y-t^, s. madness 
Insatiable, Ynsa-sheb'l, a. not to be sa- 
tisfied [fied, greedy 
Insatiate, Yn-sa'-shyate, a. never satis- 
Inscribe, Yn-skri'be, v. a. to dedicate 
Inscription, Yn-skrYp'-shtin, s. a title, 

something written or engraved 
Inscrutable, Yn -skru'-teb'l, a. unsearch- 
able [flying animal 
Insect, Yn'-s&kt, s. a small creeping or 
Insection, Yn-sSk'-shun, 5. a cutting into 
Insecure, Yn-se-kure, a. not secure 
Insecurity, Yu-su-ku-rY-ty', 5. danger 
Insensate, Yn-sen'-sfet, a. stupid 
Insensibility, Yn-sen-sY-bYl'-Y-tJf, 5. stu- 
Insensible, Yn'-s£n-sYb'l, a. void of sense 
Inseparable, Yn-sSp'-areb'!, a. not to be 
disjoined [amongst other things 
Insert, Yn-sert', v. a. to place in or 
Insertion, Yn-ser'-shun, s. the act of in- 
serting, the thing inserted 
Inservient, Yn-ser'-vyent, a. conducive 
Inshrine, Yn-shri'nc, v. a. to enclose in 

a shrine 
Inside, Yn'-sidc, s. the interior part 
Insiduous, Yn-sYd'-yus, a. treacherous 
Insight, Yn'-site, s. inspection [les.* 

Insignificant, Yn-sYg-nYf'-Y-kent^a.worth- 
Insincere, Yn-sYn-s6're, a. unfaithful 
Insincerity, Yn-sYn-ser-Y-ty, s. dissimula- 

INS [/ 152 J INT 

Sounds — h&t, hate, hall, liar — melt, desist, mS, he> — chYn, chine, field, shirt. — 

Insinuant, Yn-sYn'-u-ent, a. able to gain 

Insinuate, Yn-sYn'-u-ate, v. a. to instil, 

to hint 
Insinuation, Yn-sYn-u-a'-shtin, s. the act 
of pleasing, a stealing upon the af- 
fections, a hint 
Insipid, Yn-sYp' Id, a. without taste 
Insipidity, Yn-sY-pYd'-Y-ty, s. want of 

Insipience, Yn-sYp'-yens, s. folly 
Insist, Yn-sYst', ». n. to persist in 
Insnare, Yn-sna're, v. a. to intrap 
Insociable, Yn so'-sheb'l, a. averse from 
conversation [to the sun 

Insolation. Yn-so la-shtin, s. exposition 
Insolence, Yn' so-lens, s. insulting pride, 

contempt of others 
Insolent, Yn'-so lent, a. haughty 
Insolvable, Yn-sbT-veb'l, a. that cannot 
be paid [solved or separated 

Insoluble, Yn-sbT-ub'l, a. not to be dis- 
Insolvency, Yn-sbT-ven-sy, s. inability 

to pay debts 
Insolvent, Yn-sbT-vent, a. unable to pay 
Insomuch, Yn-so-mntsh', conj. so that 
Inspect, Yn-spSkt', v. a. to superintend 
Inspection, Yn-sp^k'-shun, s. close sur- 
vey [tendant 
Inspector, Yn-sp£k'-tor, s. a superin- 
Inspersion, Yn-sper'-shtin, s. a sprinkling 
Inspiration, Yn-spY-ra-shun, s. the act of 
drawing in the breath, an heavenly 
impulse or suggestion 
Inspire, Yn- spire, v. a. to breathe 
Inspirit, Yn-spir'-Yt, v. a. to animate 
Inspissate, Yn-spYs'-sate, v. a. to thicken 
Inspissation, Yn-spYs-sa'-shtin, s. the act 

of making any liquid thick 
Instability, Yn-stS-bYl'-Yt-y, ^.inconstancy 
Instable, Yn-stab'l, a. inconstant 
Install, Yn stal', v. a. to invest 
Installation, Yn-staT-la-shun, s. the act 

of giving visible possession 
Instalment, Yn-stal'-ment, s. the act of 

Instance, Yn'-stans, s. importunity, so- 
licitation, motive, influence 
Instant, Yn'-stant, a. pressing, urgent — 
s. the pre-ent month [in an instant 
Instantaneous, Yn-stSn-ta-nyus, a. done 
Instantly, Yn-stent'-iy, ad. speedily, im- 
Instate, Yn-sta'te. v. a. to invest 
Instauration, Yn-sta-ra'-shun, s. restora- 
Instead, Yn-stSd', prep, in room of 

Instep, Yn'-step, s. the upper part of the 

Instigate, Yn'-stY-gate > v. a. to urge to ill 
Instigation, Yn-stY-ga-shun, s. impulse 

to ill 
Instigator, Yn'-stY-ga-tor, g. inciter to ill 
Instil, Yn-stYV, v. a. to infuse by drops 
Instillation, Yn-stYl-la'-shun,s. the act of 
dropping, the act of infusing slowly 
into the mind [aversion 

Instinct, Yn'-stYngkt, J. natural desire or 
Instinctive, Yn-stYngk-tYv, a. acting 
without the application or choice of 
reason [s. established law 

Institute, Yn'-sW-tute, v. r?.to establish— 
Institution, Yn-stY-tu'-shtin, s. establish- 
Instruct, Yh strtikt'. v. a. to teach 
Instructor, Yn-struk -tor, 5. a teacher 
Instruction, Yn strdk'-shun, s. the act of 

teaching, information, mandate 
Instructive, Yn-struk' tiv, a. conveying 
Knowledge [deed 

Instrument, Yn'-stru-ment, s. a tool, a 
Instrumental, Yn-stru-mgn'-tal, a. con- 
ducive as means to some end [ble 
Insufferable, Yn-stif -fer-eb'l, a. intolera- 
Insumciency, Yn-stif-fYsh'-en-sy, §. ina- 
bility [abilities 
Insufficient, Yn stif -f Ysh'-ent, a. wanting 
Insular, Yn'-su-lar, a. belonging to an 
island [island 
Insulate, Yn'-sfi-late, v. a. to make an 
Insult, Yn-stilt', .?. act of insolence 
Insult, Yn stilt',». a. to treat with inso- 
Insuperability, Yn-su-per-a-bYl'-Y-ty, 5. 
the quality of being insurmountable 
Insuperable, Yn-su'-per-eVl, a. insur- 
mountable [lerable 
Insupportable, Yn-stip-por-teVl, a. into- 
Insurance, Yn-shu'-rens, s. money paid 

to ensure from loss 

Insurmountable, Yn-stir-mb'un'-teb'l, a, 

not to be got over [tious rising 

Insurrection, Yn'Stir-reV-shtin, s. a sedi- 

Intaglio, Yn-tal'-yd, s. any thing that 

has figures engraved on it 
Intangible, Yn-tan'dzh'-Yb'i, a. what oan- 

not be touched 
Integer, Yn'-te-ger, s. the whole of any 

thing, one entire number, &c. 
Integral, Yn'-te-gral, a. whole 
Integrity, Yn-teg'-rY-ty", s. honesty, en- 
tireness [ing 

Integument, Yn-teg'-u-m&it, s. a cover- 
Intellect, Yn'-tel-lSkt, s. understanding 

INT [ 153 ] INT 

sh5t, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur,— trul#, rye— thus, thick. 

Intel iective, Yn-tel-leV-tYv, a. having 

power to understand 
Intellectual, Yn-tel-l6k'-tu-21, a. ideal 
Intelligence, Yn-teT-Y-ggns, s. skill, un- 
derstanding, information 
Intelligent, Yn-tSl'-lY dzhent, a. knowing 
Intelligible, tn-tel-lYdzh-'Yb'l, a. easily 

Intemperament, tfn-te'm'-peY-a'-me'nt, s. 

bad constitution 
Intemperance, Yn-tem'-per-ens, s. excess 
Intemperate, Yn-tgm'-per-et, a. immo- 
derate [cess of some quality 
Intemperature,Yn tem'-per-a-ture, s. ex- 
Intend, Yn-tend', v. a. to mean 
Intendant, Yn-ten'-d£nt, s. an officer of 
the highest class [not be held 
Intenible, Yn-ten'-Yb'J, a. that which can- 
Intense, Yn-tgns', a. vehement 
Intensive, Yn-ten'-sYv, a. strong, unre- 
mitting s. a design, a drift 
Intent, Yn-tfent', #. anxiously diligent — 
Intention, Yn-t£n'-shun 5. design 
Intentional, Yn-ten'-shun-al, n. designed 
Inter, tn-ter, v. a. to bury 
Intercalary, Yn-ter-ka'-lar-y, s. inserted 
out of the common order to preserve 
the equation of time 
Intercalation, Yn-ter-ka-la-shtin, s. an 

insertion of a day 
Intercede, Yn-ter-sede, v. n. to mediate 
Intercept, Yn-ter-s£pt', v. a. to stop 
Intercession, Yn-ter-sgsh'-un, s. media- 
Intercessor, Yn-ter-seV-sor, s. mediator 
Interchange, Yn-ter-tshandzh', v. a. to 
succeed alternately [merce 

Interchange, Yn-ter-tshandzh, s. com- 
Intercipient, Yn-ter-sYp'-yent, s. an inter- 
cepting power 
IntercOiUmination, Yn-ter-kd-lum-nya- 

shtin, s. space between the pillars 
Intercourse, Yn-ter-ko'rse, s. commerce 
Interdict, Yr>-ler-dlkt', v. a. to forbid 
Interdict, Yn'-ter-dYkt, s. a prohibition 
Interdiction, Yn-ter-dtk'-shun, s. a curse 
Interest, Yn'-ter-e'st, 7;. a. to concern — 

5. concern, advantage 
Interfere, Yn-ter-fe're, v. a. to interpose 
Interfluent, Yn-ter-flu-ent, a. flowing be- 
tween [between 
Interjacent, Yn-ter-dzha'-se'nt, a. lying 
Interjection, Yn-ter-dzngk'-shun, 5. a sud- 
den exclamation 
Interim, Yn'-ter-Ym, s. meantime 
Interjoin, Yn-ter-dzhbTn, v. it. to inter- 

Interior, Yn-te'-ryor, a. internal 
Interknowledge, Yn-ter-noT-Sdzh, $. mu- 

tua4 knowledge 
Interlace, Yn-ter -la'se, v. a. to intermix 
Interlapse, Yn-ter-laps, s. the flow of 

time between anv two events 
Interlard, Yn-ter-la'rd, v. a. to insert 

between, to diversify by mixture 
Interleave, Yn-ter-le've, v. a. to insert 

blank leaves between printed ones 
Interline, Yn-ter-li'ne, v. a. to write be* 

tween the lines 
Interlineation, Yn-ter- lYn-ya'-shiin, s. 
correction made by writing between 
the lines [in another 

Interlink, Yn-ter-lYngk', v. a. to join one 
Interlocution, Yn-ter-lo-ku-shtin, s. a 
dialogue [sisting of dialogue 

Interlocutory, Yn-ter-loku'-tor-^, a. con- 
Interlope, Yn-ter-ld'pe, v. n. to obtrude 
into or between [between 

Interlucent, Yn-ter ld'-sent, a. shining 
Interlude, Yn-ter-ld'de, 5. a farce 
Intermarriage, Yn-ter-maY-rYdzh, s. mar- 
riage between two families, where 
each takes one and gives another 
Intermeddle, Yn-ter-mSd'l, v. n. to in- 
terpose officiously 
Intermedial, Yn-ter-m£'-dyal, or Inter, 
mediate, Yn-ter-me-dye't, a. lying be- 
tween, intervening 
Interment, Ynter-rnent, s. burial 
Interminable, Yn-ter'-mYn-eb'l, or Inter- 
mediate. Yn-ter'-mYn-e't, a. unbounded 
Intermingle,Yn-tfcr-mYng'l,t'.a. to mingle 
Intermission, Yn-ter-mtsh'-un , s. pause 
Intermissive,Yn-ter-mYs'sYv, a. not con 
tinual [between the fits 

Intermit, Yn-ter-mYt', v. n. to grow mild 
Intermittent, Yn ter-mtt'-tent, a. coming 
by fits [together 

Intermix, Yn-ter-mYks', v. a. to mingle 
Intermixture, Yn ter-mYks-ture, s. mass 

formed by mingled bodies 
Intermundane, Yn-ter-mW-dane, a. sub- 
sisting between worlds 
Intermural, Yn-ter-mu'-ral, a. lying be- 
tween walls [interchanged 
IntermutuaJ, Yn-ter-mu-tu-al, ^, 
Internal, Yn-ter' nal, a. inward 
Internuncio, Yn-ter nnn'-shyo, s. a mes- 

senger between two parties 
Interpellation, -Yn^ter-pel-la'.shun, s. a 

summons, a call upon 
Interpolate, Yn-ter'-po-liite, v.a. to insert 
words improperly [thing foisted in 
Interpolation, Yn-t«r-po-la'-shun,;r.;:- 


I 151 ] 


•bounds- — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m6, her — chYn, chine, field, shirt- 

Interpolator, Yn-ter'-pd-la-t6r, s. one 

who foists in counterfeit passages 
Interposal, Yn-ter-po'-zal, s. interposition 
Interpose, Yn ter-pd'zf , v. a. to mediate 
Interposition ,tn t£r-po-zYsh'-un,s. agency 

between parties 
Interpret, Yn-teY-prgt, v. a. to explain 
Interpretation, Yn-ter-priHa-sh'un, s. ex- 
planation [explains or translates 
Interpreter, Yn-ter'-prC-ter, s. one who 
Interregnum, Yn-t('r-r£g'-num, or Inter- 
reign, Yn-ter ra'ne, s. space between 
the loss of one king and the succes- 
sion of another, vacancy of the throne 
Interrogate, tn'-ter-ro-gate, v. a. to ex- 
Interrogation, Yn-teY-rtt-ga'-shtin, s. a 
question put, an inquiry, a note that 
marks a question, thus ? 
Interrogative, Yn-ter rog'-£-tYv, $. a pro- 
noun used in asking, questions, as 
who ? what ? 
interrogatory, Yn-ter-rog'-a^r-y*, s. a 

Interrupt, Yn-ter-rtipt\ v. a. to hinder 
Interruption, Yn-ter-rtip'-shtin, s. a stop, 

Intersect, Yn-ter-se'kt', v. a. to cut 
Intersection, Yn-ter-seY-shun, $. the 

point where lines cross each other 
Intersperse, Yn-te>-sp£rs\ v. a. to scat- 
ter here and there 
Interstice, Yn testis, s. space between 

one thing and another 
Intertexture, Yn t£r-te*ks'-ture, s. an in- 
terwoven state [by twisting 
Intertwine, Yn-ter- twY'ne, v. a. to unite 
Interval, Yn-ter-val, s. space between, 
time passing between two assignable 
points [tween 
Intervene, Yn-ter v&'ne, v. n. to come be- 
Intervenient, Yn-te>-v&'-nycnt, a.passing 

Intervention, Yn-ter-veV-shtin, 
Interview, Yn'-te>-vu, s. mutual sight 
Intervolve, Yn ter-vblv', i?. a. to involve 

one within another 
Interweave, Yn-ter-we ve ,v.a.\o mix one 

with another in a regular texture 
Intestate, Yn-teV-tate, a. dying without 

a will 
Intestinal, Yn-teV-tYn-al, a. belonging to 

the cuts 
Intestine, Yn-teV-tYn, a. internal 
Intestines, Yn tfcs'-ttnz, s. pi the bowels 
Inthral, Yn-tfcraV, v. a. to enslave 
Intimacy, Yn'-tt-rnJl-sy, $. familiarity 

Intimate, Yn'-tY-miit, a. familiar, closely 
acquainted— s. a familiar friend 

Tntimate, Yn'-tt-mate, v. a. to hint 

Intimation, tn tt-ma'-shun, s. a hint, an 
obscure or indirect declaration 

Intimidate, tn t'im'-t-d-ite, v. n. todis- 

Intire, tn ti're. a. whole, unbroken 

Into, tn'-t6, prep, noting entrance 

Intolerable, tn- tol -cr-eb I , or I ntolerant, 
Yn-toT-er-^nt, a. insufferable, not to 
be indured [thundering 

Intonation, tn-to-na'-shun, s. the act of 

'ntoxicatCjYn-toks'-Y-l'.ate, v. a. to make 
drunk [briation 

Intoxication, Yn-toks'-Y-ka shun, s. me. 

Intractable, Yn-trik' teb'l, a. furious, 
not to be led or drawn 

Intran mutable, Yn trans mu'teVl, c. 
unchangeable to any other substance 

Intreat, Yn-tr£'t<°, v. a. to supplicate 

Intrench, Yn tr£nsh\ v. n. to encroach 
— v. a. to break with hollows, to for- 
tify with a trench 

Intrenchment, Yn-trgnsh' mgnt, 5. a for- 
tification by trenches f brave 

Intrepid, Yn-tr^p'-td, a. fearless, bold, 

Intrepidity, Yn-tre" ptd'-t t)% s. courace, 
boldness [difficulty 

Intricacy, Yn-trYk'-a-s^, *. perplexity, 

Intricate, Yn'-trY-ket, a. perplexed, in- 
volved, ob-cure 

Intrigue, Yn-tre'g, s. a plot, a cabal, a 
love affair— r. n. to form plots, to 
carry on an affair of love [real 

Intrinsic, Yn-trYn'-sYk, a. inward, true, 

Introduce, Yn-tro-duse, v. a. to brine or 
lead in [ing in, a preface 

Introduction,Yn-tro-duk'-shun, s.a bring- 

Introduetive, Yn-tro-diik'-tYv, or Intro- 
ductory , Yn trd-dtik'-tor-?, a. previous, 
serving to introduce 

Introspection, Yn-tro speV-shun, s. a 
view of the inside 

Intrude, Yn-tru'de, r. n. to come unin- 
vited, to encroach — v. a. to force 
without right [intruding 

Intrusion, Yn tru'-zhtin, s. the act of 
Intrust, Yn-trtist', ©. a. to charge with a 
secret, &c. [knowledge 

Intuition, Yn-tu Ysh'-un, s. immediate 
Intuitive, Yn r&'-tt tv, a. seen by the 
mind immediately, without the in- 
tervention of reason 
Intwine, Yn-twi'ne, v. a. to twist 01 
wreath together [tile entrance into 

J Invade, Yn-va'de, v. a. to make an hos- 

INU r 155 ] JOK 

'shot, note, ldse, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

In valid, Yn-vaT-Yd, a. weak, of no weight 

or efhcacy 'sickness 

Invalid, Yn-vvi-lid', s. one disable,! by 

Invalidate,tn-vftl' t date, v.a. to weaken, 

to deprive of force or efficacy 
Invalidity, Yn-vaT-id-Y-t?, 5. weakness, 

want of efficacy 
Invaluable, Yn vaT-u-eb'l,a. inestimable 
Invariable, Yn-va'-rY-eb'l, a. constant 
Invasion, Yn va-zhtin, s. a hostile en- 
trance [tilely 
Invasive, Yn-va-sYv, a. entering hos- 
Invective, Yn-vek'-ilv, s. railing, an abu- 
sive expression [against 
Inveigh,Yn va,i>.7i. ro rail at, to declaim 
Inveig'e, In ve'g'l, v. a. to wheedle, to 
allure [forge, to feign 
Invent, Yn-vgnt', v. a. to find out, to 
Invent-on, Yn-ven'-shtin, s. a fiction, a 
di-tovery [trivance 
Inventive, Yn ven'-tYv, a. quick at con- 
Inventor, Yn-vdn'-tor, s. a contriver, a 
finder out [of goods, &c. 
Inventory, Yn'-vgn-toV-y, s. a catalogue 
Inverse, Yn'-vers, a. inverted, reciprocal 
Inversion, Yn-ver'-shtin, s. change of 

order or time 
Invert, Yn-vert', v. a. to tern upside 

down, to place the last first 
Invest, In v^st', v. a. to dress, to adorn, 
to confer, to enclose [out 

Investigate, Yn-veV tY-gatfV'.tf. to search 
Investigation, m-v£s-tY-ga-shiin, .v. an 
examination [giving possession 

Investiture, Yn-veV tY-tun , s. the act of 
Investment, Yn-vSst'-me'nt, s. dress, ha- 
bit, advance of money 
Inveterate, Yn vgf er-et, a. long esta- 

b'ished. obs'inate 
Invidious, Yn -vYd' yus, a. envious, ma- 
lignant [strengthen, to anima'.e 
Invigorate, Yn-vYg'-6r-ate, v. a. to 
Jnvk'ora!fon,Yn-vYg'-6r a shtiu, s. the act 

of invigorating 
Invincible.Yn vtn'-sYb'l,a. unconquerable 
Inviolable, Yn-vi-6-leb'l, a. not to be 
violated [broken 

Inviolate, Yn-vi' o-l6t, a. unhurt, un 
Invisible, Yn-vYz' Yb'l, a. not 10 be seen, 
imperceptible fine 

Invitation, Yn-vi-ta'-shun. s. act of invit- 
Invite, Yn-vi' te, v. a. to ask to come, to 

persuade — v. n. to eive invitation 
Inumbrate, Yn-um'-brate, v. a. to cover 

with shade 
Inundation, Yn-tin'-da-shun, s. a flood, an 
overflow of water 

Invocate, Yn' vd-kate, v. a. to invoke 
Invocation, Yn-vo-ka-shtin, s. a calling 

upon in prayer [freight 

Invoice, Yn'v6Is,s.a catalogue of a ship's 
Invoke, Yn vo'ke, v. a. to call upon, to 

pray to [ply, to entangle 

Involve, YnvbJv', v. inwrap, to im- 
Invol unwary, Yn-voT-un-t£r-y, a. not 

done willingly 
Involution, in vo-liY-shun, s. act of in- 
volving, complication 
Inure, Yn-u're, v. a. to accustom 
Inutile, Yn-u-tYl, a. useless 
Invulnerable, Yn vul-ner-eb'l, a. that 

cannot be wounded 
Inward, Yn'-ward, a. and s. internal, in- 

timate — ad. within [complicate 

Inweave, Yn-we've, v. a. to intwine, to 
Inwrap, Yn-r^p', v.a. to cover, to in. 

volve, to puzzle 
Inwreath, Yn-re'tbr, v. a. to surround 

as with a wreath [work 

Inwrought, Yn-ra'r, a. adorned with 
Job, dzhbb', .s. a mean lucrative affair, a 

piece of chance work — v. a. to stab 

— v. buy and sell as a broker, to 

do chance work 
Jockey, dzhok'-y, s. a rider in the race, 

a dealer in horses, a cheater — v. a. 

to justle by riding against one, to 

cheat, to trick 
Jocose, dzho-kose, or Jocular, dzhttk'- 

(i-laV, er.waggish, given to jest [ment 
Jocularity, dzhbk-ft-lar'-Y-ty, s. merri- 
Jocund, dzhok' find, a.merry,gay,blithe 
Jog, dzhbg', or Joggle, dzhbg'l, v. a. to 

shake, to push— v. n. to move heavily 

or dully — s. a push, a slight shake 
Join, dzhoY'n, v. a. to add, to unite — 

v. n. to grow to, to unite with 
Joinder, dzhoY'nder, s. a conjunction, 

a joining 
Joiner, dzhbYn-er, s. one who makes 

wood furniture of various pieces 
.loint, dzhoYn', $. a hinge, the point 

where bones or pieces meet — a. 

shared among many, combined — v. a. 
to divide a joint, to cui into joints 
Jointed, dzhbY'n- ^d, a. fu'l of loints 
Jointer, dzhbY'n ter, s. asor* of plane 
Jointress, dzhdY'n re's, s. she who has 
a iointure [settled on a wife 

Jointure, dzhbYn-ture, ?. an income 
Joisr. dzh5i'st, s. the secondary beam of 

a floor 
Joke, dzhd'ke,*. a jest— v.n, to jest, U> 
be merry 

IRR 1 156 J JUD 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, Mr — mSt, desist, me, her — cMn, chine, field, shirt. ■ 

Jollity, dzhb'MY-ty", s. gaiety, merri- 
ment, festivity 
Jolly, dzhol'-iy, a. gay, merry, plump 
Jolt, dzho'lt, v. n. and a. to shake or 

jostle to and fro — s. a shock 
Ionic, i-bn'-Yk, a. belonging to the dia- 
lect of the Jonians, belonging to the 
third of the five orders of architecture 
Jonquille, dzh6ng-ki'l, or kwfl, s. a spe- 
cies of daffodil [pot 
Jorden, dzhbr'd'n, s. a pot, a chamber 
Jostle, dzhbVl, v. a. to push with the 

elbows, &c. 
Jot, dzhbt', s. a point, a tittle 
Jovial, dzhd'-vyal, a. gay, merry, jolly 
Journal, dzh6r'-nal, s. a diary 
Journey, dzhor'-ny", s. travel by land or 

by sea — v. n. to travel 
journeyman, dzhor'-n^-man, s. a hired 

Joy, dzhby', s. gladness, gaiety, happi- 
ness — v. n. to rejoice, to exult — v. a. 
to congratulate, to gladden, to enjoy 
Joyous, dzhby'-us, a. glad, merry, giv. 
" ingjoy [dian emetic plant 

Ipecacuanha, Yp e-kak-u-an'-a, s. an In- 
Irascible, I-ras'-sYb'l. ^.disposed to anger 
Ire, I're, s. anger, rage, hatred 
Ireful, ireful, a. angry, furious 
Iris, Y'-rYs, s. the rainbow, the flower- 
Irksome, irk'-s6m, a. troublesome 
Iron, i'-rbn, s. a hard metal — v. a. to 
smooth with an iron, to shackle with 
* irons [thing and meaning another 
Ironical, I-rbn'-Yk-al, a. expressing one 
Ironmonger, I-rbn-m6ng-eY, s. a dealer 

in iron 
Irony, ?-r6n-^, s. a mode of speech in 
which the meaning is contrary to the 
words [with light emitted upon it 
Irradiate, Yr-ra'-dyate, v. a. to adorn 
Irradiation, Yr-ra-dya'-shun, s. illumina 
tion [son 

Irrational, Yr-rash'-6n-al, a. void of rea- 
Irreclaimable, Yr-re-kla-meb'l, a. not to 
be reclaimed [to be reconciled 

Irreconcilable, Yr-re'k-bn-si'-leb'l, a. not 
Irrecoverable, Yr-re-kbv'-er-£b'l, a. not 
to be regained [reduced 

Irreducible, Yr-re-du-sYb'l, a. not to be 
Irrefragable, Yr-re-fra'-geb'l, a. not to be 
refuted [overthrown by argument 
Irrefutable, Yr-re'-fu-teb'l, a. not to be 
Irregular, lr-rgg'-u-lar, a. disorderly 
Irrelative, Yr-reT-a-tYv, a. single, un- 

Irrelevant, Yr-reT-g-vent, a. unassisting 
Irreligion, Yr-re-lYdzh'-6n, s. impiety 
Irreligious, Yr-rt-lYdzh'-us, n. impious 
Irremissible, Yr-re-mYs'-sYb'l, a. not to 

be pardoned 
Irremovable, Yr-rf-mov-tb'l, a. not to 

be moved, not to be changed 
Irreparable, Yr rep' ar eb'l , a. not to be 
repaired [from reproach 

Irreproachable, Yr-re-protsh' eb'J, a. free 
Irreprovable, Yr-re-prbv'-eb'l, a. not to 
be blamed [to opposition 

Irresistible, Yr-re-zYst'-Yb'l, a. superioi 
Irresolute, Yr-reV-d-lute, a. not deter- 
mined [of firmness of mind 
Irresolution, Yr-re's-b-lu'-shftn, s. want 
Irretrievable, Yr-rfe'-trev-eb'l. a. irrepa- 
rable [veneration 
Irreverence, Yr-reV-er-e'ns, s. want of 
Irreverent, Yr-reV-er-Snt, a not paying 

due homage or reverence 
Irreversible, Yr-re-vers'-Yb\\ or Irrevo- 
cable, Yr-reV-o-keb'l, a. riot to be re- 
Irrigate, Yr'-rY-gatr, v. a. to wet 
Irriguous, Yr-rl'-gu-us, a. watery 
Irritate, Yr'-rY-tate, v. a. to provoke 
Irritation, Yr-rY-ta'-shtm, s. provocation 
Irruption, Yr rtip'-shun, s. an invasion 
Is, Yz', the third person singular of to 
be, I am, thou art, he it ; sometimes 
expressed by s, as he's gone out 
Isicle, i'-sYk'lj s. a pendant shoot of ice 
Isinglass, 1'-zYng-g]as, s. a transparent 
tough jelly [rounded by water 

Island, i'-land, or Isle, fie, s. land sur- 
Isolate, Ys'-o-lite, v. a- to place in a de- 
tached situation 
Issue, Ysh'-u, s. evacuation, discharge, 
event, conclusion, end, offspring — 
v. n. to come out, to proceed as an 
offspring — v. a. to send forth 
Isthmus, Yst'-mus, s. a neck or jut of 

It, Yt', pron. the thing 
Itch, Ytsh', s. a disease, a teazing desire 
Item, i'-tgm, s. a new article, a hint 
Itinerant, i tYn'-er-fent, a.waudering.un- 

Itinerary, I-ttn'-er-ar-y, s. a diary oi 

book of travels 
Itself, Yt-sSlf ', s. that very thing 
Jubilee, dzhu'-bY-le, s. a public festivity 
Jucundity, dzhu-ktin'-dYt-y, s. pleasant- 
ness, agreeableness 
Judaical, dzhu-da'-Yk-al, a. pertaining 
to or in the manner of the Jews 

KAR [ 157 ] KEC 

^Th&t, note, 16se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, truck. 

Judaise, dzhu'-da tze, v. n. to conform 

to the Jews 
Judge, dzhi'idzh', s. aa officer appointed 
to hear causes iu a court, one who 
has authority to decide upon the me- 
rit of any thing— 1>. n. to pass sen- 
tence, todeteunine — v.a. to examine 
authoritatively, to coudemn 
Judgment, dzhtidzh'-ment, 5. act or 

power of judging, opinion, decision 
Judicatory, dzhu-di-ka-to-r.y, s. a court 

of justice, &:c. 
Judicature, dzhu'-dt-ka-ture, s. a power 

to distribute justice 

Judicial, uzhu-dish'-al, a. done in due 

form of justice, &c. inflicted on as a 

penalty " [judgment upon any thing 

Judiciary, dzliu dish'-ar-y, a. passing 

Judicious,dzhu-dish'-us,a. prudent,wise 

Jug, dzhug',s. a large drinking vessel 

Juggle, dzhug'l, v.n. to play tricks by 

slight of hand, to deceive— s. a trick, 

an imposture, a deception 

Juguiar, dzhu-gu-lar, a. belonging to 

the throat [in animals 

Juice, dzhus, s. sap in vegetables, fluid 

Juicy, dzhu'-ssf, a. moist, succulent, 

full of juice [medicine 

lulep, dzhu'-lap, s. a pleasant liquid 

July, dzhu-lf, s. the seventh month of 

the year 
Jumble, dzhtimb'l, v. a. to mix con- 
fusedly together — s. a confused mix- 
Jump, dzhtimp', v. n. to leap, to jolt, 
to tally— v. a. to leap over — s. a leap, 
a lucky chance [any delicacy 

Juncate, dzhting' ket, s. a cheesecake, 
Junction, dzhnngk'-shon, s. an union 
Juncture, dzhtink -tun?, 6\ an union, a 
joint, a critical point [year 

June, dzhu'n, s. the sixth monUi of the 
Junior, dzhu nyor, a. younger than 
another [produces a berry 

Juniper, dzhu'-nt-per, s. a plant which 

Junek,dzhungk', s. a small Chinese ship, 
pieces of old cable 

Junket, dzhung'-ke't, s. a sweetmeat — 
v. n. to feast secretly 

Junto, dzhtin'-to, s. a cabal 

Ivory, i-vor-y, s. the tusk of the ele- 
phant — a. made of or pertaining to 
ivory [corporations 

Jurat, dzhii'-rat, s. a magistrate in some 

Juratory, dzhfl'-rat-6r-y, a. giving an 
oath [distribution of justice 

Juridical, dzhu-rtdVik-aJ, a. used in the 

Jurisdiction, dzhu-r'is-d'ik'-shun, s. legal 
authority, extent of power 

Jurisprudence, dzhu-rYs-prudens, s.the 
science of the law 

Jurist, dzhu'-rist, s. a civil lawyer 

Juror, dzhu'-rbr, or Juryman, dzhu'-ry- 
man, s, one of a jury 

Jury, dzhu'-r.y, s. twenty-four to twelve 
men sworn to deliver truth upon such 
evidence as shall be delivered to them 

Jurymast, dzhu'-rV-mast, s. something 
set up in the room of a mast lost 

Just, dzhtist', a. upright, honest, virtu- 
ous, regular — 5. a mock fight 

Justice, dzhus'-tts, s. equity, right in 
law, a sort of magistrate 

Justiciable, dzhus-tish'-eb 1 ], a. proper 
to be examined in courts of justice 

Justifiable, dzhtis'-ti-f i eb'l, a. that 
which can be justified 

Justification, dzhtis'-ti-f i-ka-shtin, s. a 
vindication, a defence 

Justificator, dzhtis'-ti-f i-kator, s. one 
who justifies [to clear from guilt 

Justify, dzhtis'-tY-fy, v. a. to vindicate, 

Justle, dzhtis'l, v.n. to encounter, to 
clash— v. a. to push, to rush against 

Jut, dzhtit', v. n. to come out beyond 
the line 

Juvenile, dzhu'-ve-nYl, a, youthful 

Juvenility, dzhu ve-nil'-i ty, $. youth- 

Ivy, i'-vy, s. a common plant 

KALE, kale, s. colewort 
Kalendar, kal en-dar, s. 
count of time 
Kali, ka' ly, s. a sea weed, salt 
Kam, karri a. crooked, thwart 
Karl, ka'rl, s. a man servant 


Kaw, ka , v. n. to cry as a raven — s. the 
cry of a raven or crow 

Keck, k£k', v. n. to heave the stomach, 
to nauseate— a. a dry stalk or stick, 
a hollow joined plant [a cable 

Keckle, kfck'l, v. a. to tie a rope round 


C 158 ] 


Sounds-- Mt, hate, hall, liar — me*t, desist, me, he> — chin, chine, field, shirt 

Kedger, keUzh'-lr, s. a small anchor 
used in a river 

Keel, kele, 5. the bottom of a ship, a 
flat-bottomed vessel used to load the 
colliers ("the keel 

Keelhale, ke'le-hale, v. a. to drag under 

Keen, kene, a. sharp, eager, acrimoni- 

Keep, kepe, v. a. to detain, to hold, to 
retain, to preserve, to maintain — s. 
guard, restiaint, dungeon 

Keeper, ke'-per, s. one who has the 
care or charge of any thing 

Keg, keg', s. a small barrel 

Kell,keT, s. the omentum, the cawl 

Kelp, kelp', s. salt from calcined sea- 

Ken, ken', v. a. to see at a distance, to 
know — s. view, the reach of sight 

Kennel, kfen'-nel, s, a cot for dogs, a 
water course 

Kept, kept', pret. an<% part. o/Keep 

Kerchief, ker'-tshtf, s. a kind of 

Kern, ke>n', s. an Irish foot soldier, a 
handmill — v. 77. to harden as ripened 
corn, to take the form of grains 

Kernel, ker'-n61, s. the subscance within 
a shell 

Kernelled, ke'r'-nel-le'd, s. having open- 
ings as a battlement 

Kersey,keY-zy, s. a kind of coarse stuff 

Kerseymeer, ke>-zy-m£'re, s. fine cloth- 
woven as kersey 

Ketch, ketsh', s. a heavy ship 

Kettle, ktft'l, s. a vessel in which liquor 
is boiled 

Kettledrum, keYl-drtiro, s. a drum with 
a body of brass 

Key, ke', s. a thing to open a lock or 
explain, a sign in musical composi- 
tion, a wharf 

Keyage, ke'-e'dzh, s. money paid for 
lying at the key 

Keyhole, k&'-hole, s. the hole to put a 
key in 

Keystone, ke stone, s. the middle stone 
of an arch 

Kibe, ki'be, $. an ulcerated chilblain 

Kick, ktk', v. a. toistrike with the foot 
— $. a blow with the foot 

Kickshaw, kik'-sha, s. a fantastical 
thing or dish 

Kid, ktd', s. the young of a goat, a 
bundle or furze— v. a. to bring forth 

Kidder, ktd'-der, *. an engrosser of corn 

Kidnap, Wfd'-nap, v. a. to steal children, 

Kidney, k"id-ny\ s. one of the two 
glands that separate the urine from 
the blood [pulse 

Kidneybean, k^d'-n^-bene, s. a sort of 

Kilderkin, kli'-der-kVn, s. a beer mea- 
sure of 18 gallons 

Kill, Ml',*, a. to deprive of life 

Kiln, kil'n, 3. a stove for drying or burn- 
ing in 

Kimbo, kYm'-bd, a. crooked, arched 

Kin, kin', s. kindred, a relation 

Kind, ki'nd, a. benevolent favourable, 
good — s. general class, particular na- 
ture, manner, sort 

Kindle, kfn'd'l, v. a. to set on fire, to 
inflame — v. n. to catch fire 

Kindness, kin'd-nes, s. tenderness, good- 
will, favour 

Kindred, kin'-dr£d, s. relation, affinity 
— a. congenial,, related 

Kine, kine, plur. qfCovr 

King, ki'ng',s. a monarch, a chief ruler 

Kingcraft, k'ing'-kraft, s. the act or art 
of governing 

Kingdom, ktng'-dom, s. the dominion 
of a king 

Kingfisher, kfng'-f tsh-er, s. a small bird 

Kinglike, king' like, a. royal 

Kingsevil, klngz-e'v'l, a. scrofulous 

Kinsfolk, kms'-fok, s. relations 

Kinsman, ktns'-man, s. a man of the 
same family [relation 

Kinswoman, kfns'-wum An , s. a female 

Kirk, kirk', ?. the church of Scotland 

Kir tie, ki/t 1, s. an upper garment 

Kiss, k¥s, v. a. to touch with the lips — 
s. a salute by joining lips 

Kissingcrust, kfs'-smg krtist, *. a crust 
formed in the oven, where one loaf 
touches another 

Kit, kit', s. a sm 11 fiddle, a vessel 

Kitchen, kftsh'-en, s. a room for cook- 
ery, &c 

Kitchengardeu, kftsh'-en-gard'n, s. a 
garden for esculent plants 

Kitchenmaid, kftsh'-en made, s. an 
under cookmaid 

Kitchens tuff, kttsh'-en-sttif, s. the fat of 
meat scummed off the pot, &c. 

Kite, ki'te, s. a bird of prey, a fictitious 
bird made of paper 

Kitten, ktt'n, s. a young cat — v. n. to 
bring forth young cats [noise 

Klick, kl1k',v. n. to make a small, sharp 

LAB [ 159 ] LAC 

shot, note, Idse, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly\ rye — thus, thick. 

Knab, nab', v. a. to bite with noise 
Knack, nak', s. petty contrivance, dex 

terit}', nice trick 
Knag, knag', s. a hard knot in wood 
Knaggy, knag'-gy, a. knotty 
Knap, knap', s. prominence upon cloth, 

&c. — v. a. to bite, to bre«k short 
Knapsack, knap' sak, s. soldiers bag 
Knave, knave, * a petty rascal, a cad 
Knavery, knaVe-er-y, 5. dishonesty, 

craft [gish 

Knavish, kna've-tsn, a. fraudulent, wag- 
Knead, kue'de, v. a. to work dough 

with the fist 
Kneadingtrough, kn^'dlng-tro, s. a 

trough to woik together the paste o 

bread [and thigh 

Knee, kne , s. the joint be' ween the leg 
Kneedeep, kne depe, «. rising or sunk 

to the knees 
Kneel, kne I*-, v. n. to bend the knee 
Kneepan, ne-pan, s. a convex bone on 

the articulation of the knee 
Kne I, kneT, s. the sound of a funera' 

Knew, knu, pret. of Know 
Knife, kni'fe, a. an instrument to cut 

Knmht, knfte, s. a title of honour, a 

cham pi n— r. a. to create a knight 
Knight E-raut, knite-er'-rent. 4-. a wan 

dering knight 

Knight Errantry, knite-er rent'-r^, s. the 
feats, character, or manners of knight- 

Knighthood, km'te-hud, s. the dignity 
of a t night 

Knit, knft, v. a. to make or unite by 
texture without the loom, to join 

Knittingneedie, kntt' tlng-ned'l, *. 
wire used in knitting 

Knob, kn5b', s. a protuberance 

Knobbed, knob'd, or Knobby, knob -by\ 
u. full of knobs, hard 

Knock, kntfk', v. n. to clash, to strike 
— 1\ a. to dash together—*, a sud- 
den stroke, a blow 

Knoll, kno \c, v. a. to ring a bell-— v.n. 
to sound as a bell 

Knot, kn&t', ?. a part which is tied, a 
hard plc.ce in wood— v. a. to make 
knots, to entangle, to unite 

Knotted, knot' te"d, or Knotty, knot-ty, 
a. full of knots, hard, intricate 

Know, kno', r. a. to understand, to re- 

Knowing, kno'-tng.a. skilful, conscious, 

Knowledge, kn6T-edzh,s.learning, skill, 

Knuckle, kniik'l, s. a protuberant joint 
of a ringer, knee joint of a calf* 
joint of a plant— v. n. to submit, to 

LA, la', inter;, look, see, behold 
I abdanum, lab'-da-num, s. a resin 

of the softer ^ind 
Labefaction, ab-e-fak'-shtin, s. the act 

of weakening, decay [impair 

Lahefy, lan'-e fy, v. a. to weaken, to 
Ladel, la-hel, s. a short direction upon 

any thing 
i Labent, la bent, a. gliding, slipping 
labial, la byal, a. uttered by or relat- 
ing to the lips 
Lanoratory, lab'-6-ra-t6r-^, s.achymist's 

workroom [tiresome 

Laborious, la-bo'-ryus, a. assiduous, 
Labour, la'-b6r, 5. work, toil, pain, 

childbirth— v. n. to toil, to work, to 

take pains, to be iD travail 
Labourer, la'-bbr-er, s. one employed 

in toilsome work 

Labyrinth, lab'-ir-Yntn, s maze full of 

Lac, lak', s. a kind of gum 
Lace, la'se, s. fine thread curiously 

woven, textures of thread with gold 

or si ver — v. a. to fasten with a lace, 

to adorn [lace 

Laceman, lase man, s. one who deals in 
Lacerate, l&s'-er-ate, v. a. to tear, to 

rend [tearing or rending 

Laceration, laVer-a'-shtin, ». the act of 
Lachrymal, lak'-r^-mal, a. generating 

tears [vessel to preserve tears 

Lachrymatory, lak"-ry-ma ibr-V, s. a 
Lack, lak'- v. a. to want — v. n. to be 

in want 
Lacker, lak'-er, s. a kind of yellow 

varnish— 9, a. to cover with lacker 
P 2 

LAM [ 160 ] LAN 

Sounds. — hilt, hate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, me, her— chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Lackey, lak'-ky, s. a footboy — v. a. to 
attend servilely 

Laconically, la-kon'-ik-al-l^, ad. briefly, 

Laconic, la-kon'-'ik, a. short, brief 

Lactation, lak-ta'-shtin, s. the act or 
lime of giving suck 

Lacteal, lak'-te-al, a. conveying chyle — 
s. a vessel that conveys chyle 

Lacteous, lak'-te-us, a. miiky, convey- 
ing chyle 

Lactific, lak-tff'-ik,a<2. producing milk 

Lad, lad', *. a boy, a stripling 

Ladder, lad' der, s. a frame with steps 
for climbing 

Lade, lade, v. a. to load, to freight, to 
throw out [of a ship 

Lading, la'-dmg, 5. a freight, a cargo 

Ladle, la'd'l, s. a large spoon, recepta- 
cles of a mill wheel 

Lady, lady, s. a woman of high rank, 
a word of complaisance used to wo- 

Lady-bird, la-dtf-bird, or Lady-cow, 
la'-d^-kbw, s. a small beautiful red 
insect of the beetle kind 

Lady-Day, la'-d^-da, s. the 25th of 

Lady-like, la'-dy'-llke, a. soft, delicate, 

Lag, lag 7 , a. coming behind, last, slug- 
gish — v. n. to stay behind, to loitei 

Laical, la'-lk-al, a. pertaining to the 

Laid, lade, pret. and part, of Lay 

Lain, lane, part.ofUie 

Laird, la'rd, s. a Scotch lord of a 

Laity, la-it-y>.the people distinguished 
from the clergy, state of a layman 

Lake, la'ke, s. a large water, a coloui 

Lamb, lam', s. the young of a sheep 

Lambative, lam'-ba-tiv, a. taken by 
licking — s. a medicine to be licked 

Lambent, lam'-bent, a. gliding over 
without harm, vaporous 

Lambkin, lam'-kln, s. a little lamb 

Lambs-wool, lamz'-wul,s. ale and roast- 
ed apples 

Lame, lame, a. crippled, hobbling, im- 
perfect — v. a. to cripple 

Lamellated, lam'-el-a te"d, a. covered 
with films or plates 

Lameness, lame-neV, s. weakness, im- 

Lament, la-meW, v. n. to mourn, to 
wail— v. a. to bewail 

Lamentation, lam -£n-ta'-shtin, s. an ex- 
pression of sorrow 
Lamina, lam'-t-na, s. a thin plate or 

Laminated, lam'-t-na-te'd, a. plated 
Lammas, lam'-mas, s. the first of 

Lamp, lamp', 5. a light made with oil 

and a wick 
Lampblack, lam'-blak, s. a black made 

by holding a lighted torch under a 

Lampoon, lam-pone, s. a personal sa- 
tire, abuse — v. a. to write or utter 

Lamprey, lam'-pr?, s. a fish like an eel 
Lance, Ja'us, s. a long spear — v.'a. to 

pierce with a lancet 
Lancet, lan'-set, s. a small chirurgical 

Land, land', s.a country, region, rarth, 

ground, estate — v. a. to set on shore 

— v. n. to come on shore 
Landed, land'-gd, a. having a fortune 

in land, set on shore 
Land-fall, laud'-fal, s. sudden transla- 
tion of property in land by a rich 

man's death [raii» 

Landttood, land'-fiud, s. inundation by 
Land-forces, land'-for-sez, s. soldiers 

that serve on land 
Landgrave, land'-grave, s. a German 

title of dominion 
Landholder, land'-hd*-der, s. one who 

possesses land 
Landing, lan'-dfng, s. a place to land 

at, the top of stairs 
Landjobber, land'-dz6b-ber 5. one who 

buys and sells land 
Landlady, land'-la-d}', s. tne mistress of 

aninn,&c. [land 

Landlocked, land -lokt//. enclosed with 
Landlord, land'-'lord, s. one who owns 

lands or houses, the master o* an inn 
Landmark, land'-mark, 5. a mark to pre- 
serve boundaries 
Landscape, land'-skep, s. the prospect 

of a country 
Land-tax, land-taks, $. a tax on land 

and houses 
Land-waiter, land'-wa-ter, s. an officer 

of the customs to watch what goods 

are landed 
Lane, lane, s. a narrow alley or street 
Language, lang'-gwe'dzh, s. speech in 

general, tongue of one nation 
Languid, lang'-gwid, a. faint, weak 


161 ] 


sh5t, note, Idse, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Languish, («ng'-gwl;>h, v. n. to grow 
feeb.e, to pine 

Languor, lang-gwoi , s. faiutness, want 
ofs'rength [wool 

Lanigerous, la-ntdzh'-er-us, a. bearing 

Lank, lank', a. loose, slender, not fat, 

Lansquenet, lan'-sken St, s. a foot sol- 
dier, a game at cards 

Lantern, lan'-tern, s. a case for a can- 

Lar uginous, lan-u' dzhin us, a. downy, 
covered with soft hair 

Lap, lip*, .v. that par of a person sit- 
ting from the waist to the knees— 
v. a. to rap round, to lick up 

Lapdog, lap'-d5g, s. a little dog foi 
the lap 

Lapidary, lap' td ar-y*, s a polisher of 
precious stones 

Lapidate, lap'-id-ate, v. a. to stone 

Lapidist, lap'^d-fst,*. a dealei insto.ies 
or gems [the tongue 

Lapper, lap'-per, s. one who licks wi h 

Lappet, lap'-pgi, s. a loose part of a 

Lapse, lap's, s. a fall, a petty error- 
v. n. to glide, to fall from pe. fection 

Lapwing, lap'-wtng, 5. a swift and noisy 

Larboard, la'r-bdrd, s. the left hand side 
of a ship 

Larceny, la'r sn^, s. petty theft 

Larch, lar'tsh, s. a species of fir but 
not evergreen 

Lard, la'rd, s. the fat of swine melted 
— v. a. to stuff with baco , o f a ten 

Larder, la'r-de. 1 , s. a room where meat 
is kept [copious 

Large, la'rdzh, a. big, bulky, wide, 

Largeness, lar'dzh-ngs, s. greatness, ex 
tension, bigness 

Largess, la'r-dzhe's, s. a present, a gift 

Lark, la'rk. s. a small singing bird 

Larum, la'r-um,s. an alarm, a machine 
which alarms 

Larynx, ia'-rynks, s. the wind-pipe 

Lascivious, Ias-s1v'-yus,a. lewd, lustful, 

Lash, lash', s. a stroke with a whip, a 
sarcasm— v. a. to scourge, to sati- 

Lass, las', s. a girl, a young woman 

Lassitude, las'-sl-tude, &. fatigue 

Last, la'st, a. latest, hindmost — v.n. to 
endure, to continue—*, a mould for 
shoes, a certain weight or measure 

Lastage, laVtgdzh, s. custom paid for 

Lasting, las -ting, part. a. durable, per- 
Latch, latsh', s. catch of a door,&c 
Latchet, laish'-gt, s. who fastens tho 

sh e 
Late, la'te, a. slow, tardy, deceased — 

ad. not long ago, far in the day 01 

Lrt eut, la'-te'nt, a. hidden, secret 
Lateral, lat'-ei-al, a. on or near the side y 

Lath, la'tfc, s. a thin slip of wood to 

support files or plaster — v. a. to fit 

up with la hs 
Lathe, lathe, s. the tool of a turner 
Lather, lath'-er, s. the froth of soap and 

water [guage 

Latin, lat' t!n, s. the ancient Roman Ian- 
Latinize, lat'-iu-ize, v. n. to use words 

or phrases borrowed from the Latin 

— v. a. to give words a Latin termi 

nation, &c. 
Latish, la'tr-lsh, a. somewhat late 
Latkant, latlt-e'ut, a. lying hid, con 

Latitude, lat'-l-tude, s. breadth, width, 

extent, freedom from sett'ed rules, 

distance north or south from the 

Latitudinarian, lat-tt u dl na'-ryan, a. 

unlimited, ot restrained 
Latrant, la'-trent, a. barking 
Latten, at'-ten, s. a plate of brass, iron 

tinned over 
Latter, lat'-ter,a.the last of two, modern 
Lattice lat'-tfs, s. window of grate- work 
Lavation, la-va'-shtin, s. the act of wash- 
ing [ing place 
L-vatory, lav' a-t6r-^, s. a wash, abah- 
Laud, lad, s. praise— v. a. to praise, 

to extol 
Laudable, la'd-eb'l, a. commendable, 

worthy of praise 
Laudanum, tad'-a-num, 5. the tincture 

of opium [bathe 

Lave, la've, v. a. to wash — v. n. to 
Lavender, laV-gn-der, s. a fragrant 

Laugh, laf, r. n. to makp that noise 

which sudden mirth excites — v. a to 

deride, to scorn 
Laughingstock, la'f-Yng-st&k, object 

of ridicule [noise 

Laughter, li'f-ter, s. a convulsive merry 

LEA [ 162 ] LEE 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, he> — chin, chine, field, shirt — 

Lavish, lav'-tsh, a. prodigal, profuse — 

v. a. to scatter with profusion 
Launch, la'nsh, v. n. to push to sea — 

v. a. to d;trt from the hand 
Laundress, lan'drt's, s. a washer woman 
Laundry, lan'-dry", 5. a room to dry 

and smooth clothes in 
Laureate, la-rye't, a. decked with laurel 
Laurel, lcV-el, s. a sort of evergreen 

tree [laurel 

Laureled, lbr'-eld, a. crowned with 
Law, la, s. a rule of conduct, an edict / 

mode of process, a bill 
Lawfulness, la- tub-lie's, s. conformity to 

the law [laws 

Lawgiver, la -gfv-er, s. one that makes 
Lawn, Ian, s. an open space between 

woods, fine linen 
Lawsuit, la'-sute, s. a process in law 
Lawyer, la-yer, s. a professor of law, a 

Lax, laks', a. loose, vague, slack — *. a 

Laxative, laks'-a-tfv, a. having the 

power to relieve costiveness 
Laxity, laks'-i-t^, s. looseness, open- 
Lay, la, v. a. to place along, to still, to 

wager, to bring forth eggs— v. n. to 

bring forth eggs, to contrive—a-, a 

row, a stratum, grassy ground, a song 

— a. not clerical, laical 
Layer, la'-er, s. a stratum, a sprig of a 

plant [image to paint fiom 

Layman, la-man, s. one of the laity, an 
Lazar, laz'-ar, s. one infected with filthy 

Lazaretto, laz-ar-eY-td, or Lazar-house, 

laz'-ar-h6us, s. a sort of hospital 
Lazy, la-zy,a. idle, sluggish 
Lead, lSd', s. a soft heavy metal 
Lead, lede, v. a. to guide, to conduct, 

to induce— v. n. to go first 
Leaden, l£d'n, a. made of lead, heavy, 

dull [of a party 

Leader, le'-der,s.a commander, the head 
Leading, leading, a. principal 
Leaf, ll'fe, s. the green part of plants 

and flowers, part of a book or table, 

one side of a double door 
Leafy, le'f-y, a. full of leaves 
League, le'ge, s. a confederacy, a mea- 
sure of three miles — v. n. to unite in 

confederacy [to drop 

Leaf, le ke, v. n to let water in or out. 
Leakage, iek-£dzh, s allowance for loss 

by leak 

Leaky, le'ky^ a. letting water in or out 
Lean, le'ne, v. n. to incline against 01 
towards — a. meagre, thin — 5. meat 
without fat 
Leap, le'pc, v. n. to jump, to bound, to 
spring— v. a. to pass over by leap- 
ing— s. a bound, a jump, space pas- 
sed by leaping [dren 
Leap-frog, lc'pc-fiog, *. a play of chil- 
Leap-year, le'-pe-yer, s. every fourth 
year [gain knowledge 
Learn, lei n', r. a, to teach— v.- n. to 
Learned, ler' ned, a. skilled, having 
learning [any science 
Learner, ler'-ner, s. one who is learning 
Learning, leY-ning, s. skill in any thing, 


Lease, le'se, s. contract for a temporary 

possession of houses or lands, any 


Lease, l&ze, v. n. to glean, to gather up 

Leash, iesh',s. a leathern thong, a band 

to tie with 
Leasing, le' zing, s. lies, falsehood 
Least, lest, a. little beyond others, 
smallest — ad. in the lowest degree 
Leather, leth'-er, s. the dressed hides ot 
animals, skin [with a tough rind 

Leathercoat, l£th'-er-kote, 5. an apple 
Leathern, lgth'-ern, a. made of leather 
Leave, le've, s. permission, a farewel — 
v. a. to quit, to forsake, to bequeath 
— v. n. to cease, to stop 
Leaven, or Levei;, leVn, *. a ferment 
for making bread light— v. a. to fer- 
ment by 
Leaves, ld'vz, s. plur. of Leaf 
Leavings, lev-Vngz, s. a remnant, relics, 

Leacherous, Msh'-er-us, a. lewd 
Lechery, le"tsh' er-#, s. lewdness, lust 
Lection, lfeY-shun, s. a reading, a va-* 

riety in copies 
Lecture, le*k -ture, s. a discourse on any 
subject— v. a. to instruct formally* 
to reprimand— v. n. to read lee*; 
Led, led', pret. and part. o/Lead 
Ledge, le'dzh', s. a small moulding on 

the edge 
Ledger, or Leger, le'dzh'-eY, s. any thing 
that lies or remains in a place, a book 
of accounts 
Lee, le', s. that pait of the hemisphere 

to which the wind is directed 
Leech le'tsh. s» a small water blood- 


r 163 j 


shot, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mtite, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Leek, leke, s. a common potherb 
Leer, le're, s. an oblique view, an arch 

look— v. n. to look archly 
Lees, l£'ze s. dregs, sediment 
Leet, iu'tc, s. a manor court 
Leeward, le'-wdrd, a. towards the point 

to which the wind blows 
Leeway, le-wa, s. ship's deviation from 

the course by compass 
Left, Mt', pret. and part, of Leave — 

a. opposite to the right, sinister 
Left- handed, lgft'-hln-dcd, a. using the 

left hand 
Leg, Igg, s. the limb between the knee 

and foot [will 

Legacy, leg'-a^sy", s. a bequest made by 
Legal, le-gal, a, done according to law, 

Legality, le-g'aT-f-ty", s. lawfulness 
Legalize, le-gal-ize?, v. a. to authorise, 

to make lawful [the Pope 

Legate, leg'-St, s. an ambassador from 
Legatee, leg'-a-te, s. one who has a 

legacy left him [a legate 

Legatine, leg'-ii-tin, a. pertaining to 
Legation, le-ga'-shun, s. a commission, 

an embassy 
Legend l&dzh-e'nd, s. a chronicle, a 

memorial, a fabulous narrative, an 

Legendary, le'dzh'-e'n-dar-y,a. fabulous, 

j Legerdemain, l£dzh-er-de-ma'ne , ,s. slight 

of hand, a juggle 
Legible, ledzh'-lb'l, a. easy to be read, 

appai ent [a vast number 

Legion, le'-dzh6n, 5. a body of soldiers, 
Legislate, le'dzh'-'is-late, v. n. to make 

laws [of giving laws 

Legislation, ltdzh-'is-la'-shon, s. the act 
Legislative, le'dzh'-Ys-la-tfv, a. giving 

laws [makes laws 

Legislator, le'dzh'-¥s-la-t6r, s. one who 
Legislature, ledzh'-ts-la-ture, s. the 

power that makes laws 
Legitimacy, le-dzh'it'-l-ma'-sy, s. lawful- 
ness of birth 
| Legitimate, le-dzMt'-'i-me't, a. lawfully 

begotten, uot spurious 
Legume, leg'-ume, or Legumen, le- 

gu'-men, s. pulse, large seeds 
Leguminous, le-gu'-ntfn-us, a. belong- 
ing to pulse 
Leisure, la'-zhur, s. freedom from busi- 
ness or hurry 
Leisureable, la'-zhur-eb'l, a, done at 

leisure, enjoying leisure 

Leman, le'm'-£n, s. a sweetheart or gal- 
lant [viously assumed 

Lemma, l£m'-m&, s. proposition pre- 

Lemon, lgm'-6n, s. the name of a tree 
or its fruit 

Lemonade, l£m-t>n-a'de, s. liquor made 
of water with sugar and the juice of 
lemons [any thing 

Lend, lend', v a. to grant the use of 

Length, lgng'tfc, s. extent from end to 

Lengthen, lfng'trVn, v. a. to draw out, 
to protract — v. n. to grow longer 

Lenient, le'-nygnt, a. assuasive, laxa- 
tive — s. an emollient 

Lanify, len'-t-fy, v. a. to assuage, to 
mitigate [palliative 

Lenitive, lgn'-it-'rv, a. assuasive — s. a 

Lenity, lfn'-i-ty, 5. mildness, mercy 

Lens, len'z, s. a glass convex on both 

Lent, lSm', pret. and part, of Lend 
— s. a quadragesimal fast 

Lenten, lent'n, a. used in Lent, spar- 
ing [convex, like a lens 

Lenticular, lgn ttk'-u-lar, a. doubly 

Lentil, len'-til, s. a kind of pulse 

Lentor, len'-tor, s. tenacity, delay, the 
sizy part of the blood 

Leonine, le'-o-nine, a. having the na- 
ture or colour of a lion [piey 

Leopard, lep'-ard, s. spotted beast of 

Leper, l£p'-er, s. one infected with a 

Leperous, l^p'-er-us, or Leprous, lep'. 
rus, a. infected with the leprosy 

Leprosy, lep'-ros-?, s. a distemper 
which covers the body with white 

Less, leV, ad. in a smaller degree 

Lessee, leV-s^, s. a person to whom a 
lease is given 

Lessen, ISs'n, v. a. to diminish in bulk 
or quality, to degrade — v. n. to grow 
less [precept 

Lesson, leVn, s. task to learn or read, a 

Lessor, leV-edr, s. he who grants a 

Lest, lgst', conj. that not, in case that 

Let, lSt, v. a. to allow, to suffer, to 
permit, to put to hire — s. an hin- 
drance, an obstacle, an impediment 

Lethargic, leth'-ii-dzhtk, a. sleepy, 
drowsy, heavy] 

Lethargy, le'th'-ar-dzhy', s. a morbid 
drowsiness [oblivion 

Lethe, le the, s. oblivion, a draught of 

LIB [ 164 ] LIG 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chtn, chine, field, shirt 

Lethiferous, le thlf -e>-us,a.deadly,fatal 
Letter, leY-ter, *. one of the elements 

of syllables, a written message 
Lettered, leV-terd, a. marked with let- 
ters, learned 
Letters, leV-ters, s. pi. learning, erudi- 
tion [plant 
Lettuce, leV-tus, s. a common sal lad 
Levant, le'-v&nt, a. eastern 
Levant, le-va'nt, s. the eastern coasts 

of the Mediterranean 
Levee, leV-y, s. a crowd of attendants, 

morning visits 
Level, leV-61, a. even, plain — v. a. to 
make even, to lay flat — v. n. to take 
aim — s. a plain, state of equality, an 
instrument used in building 
Lever, le'-ver, s. a mechanical power 

used to raise a great weight 
Leveret, leV-er-e't,^. a young hare 
Leviathan, le-vi'-a-th&n, s. a large wa- 
ter animal 
Levigate, leV-t-gate, v. a. to rub or 

grind to powder, to smooth 

Levite, le'-vite, s. one of the tribe of 

Levi [the Levites 

Levitical, le-vtt'-lk-al, a. belonging to 

Levity, leV^-ty", s. lightness, incon 

stancy, vanity 
Levy, lev'-y, v. a. to raise, to collect, 
to impose— s. the act of raising mo- 
ney or men 
Lewcl, lu'de, a. wicked, lustful 
Lexicographer, ielcs-f-kog-raf-er, s. a 

writer of dictionaries 
Lexicon, l^ks-l-kon, s. a dictionary 
Ley, ia , s. a piece of land untitled 
Liable, li'-eb'l, s. subject to, not exempt 
Liar, li'-ar, *. one who tells falsehoods 
Libation, li-ba'-shiin, s. an offering made 

of wine, wine so poured 
Libel, ll'-bel, s. defamatory writing 
Libellous, ii'-bel-lus, a. defamatory, 
abusive [generous 

Liberal, llb'-er al, a. free, bountiful, 
Liberality, llb-er-aL'-'i'-ty, s. bounty, ge- 
nerosity [release 
Liberate, Ilb'-er-ate, x>. a. to free, to 
Liberation, ltb'-er-a'-shnn, s. the act of 

Libertine, Ifb'-er-tYn, s. a licentious or 
irreligious person, a rake — a. licen- 
tious, irreligious [leave 
Liberty, lm'-er-t^, s. freedom, privilege, 
Libidinous, li-btd'-'l'n-u3,a. lewd, lustful 
Librarian, lH>ra-ryan, s. one who has 
^the care of a library 

Library ,li'-bra ry" ,». a collection of book* 
or place where they are kept 

Librate, li'-brate, v. a. to poise, to ba- 
lance [being balanced 

Libration, ll-bra'-shun, s. the state of 

Lice, li'se, plural of Louse 

Licence, ii'-sens, s. exoruitant liberty,. 
permission— v. a. to set at liberty, to 
permit by legal grant 

Licentiate, li-sen'-she't, s. a man who 
uses a licence, a degree in Spanish 
universities [ed, disorderly 

Licentious, ll-seV-shus, a. unrestrain- 

Lick, Irk', v.a. to touch with the tongue, 
to lap [of food, delicate 

Lickerish, llk'-er-lsh, a. nice in choice 

Lictor, ltk'-tor, s. a beadle amongst the 

Lid, ltd',5. a cover for a pan or box, &c. 

Lie, Jy', 5. water impregnated with al- 
kali, a falsehood, a fiction — v. n. to 
utter falsehood, to rest, to repose 

Liege, lfzdh, a. subject, trusty — 5. a 
sovereign, a superior lord 

Lieu, lu', ». place, room, stead 

Lieutenant, ltf-ten'-ent, s. a deputy, a 
second in rank [sprit, love 

Life, li'tV, s. state of a living creature. 

Lifeguard, li'fe-ga'rd, s.guard of a king's 
person [lfte 

Lifetime, li'fe-time, s. the duration of 

Lift, h'ft', v. a. to raise up, to elevate, 
to support— s. the act or manner of 
lifting, a hard struggle 

Ligament, ]Tg'-&-ment, s. a substance 
which unites the bones,a band.a chain 

Ligature,lig'-<£-ture,s a bandage, ligation 

Light, lite, s. that quality or action of 
the medium of sight by which we see, 
illumination of the mind, point of 
view, any thing that gives light — a. 
not heavy, nimble, bright, trifling — 
v. a. to kindle, to illuminate, to ease 
of a burden— v. n. to descend from 
a horse or carriage 

Lighten, li't'n, v. rt. to flash with light* 
ning— v. a. to illuminate, to unload 

Lighter, ll'-te-er, s. a boat for unloading 
ships [nages a lighter 

Lighterman, li'te-er-man,s. one who ma- 

Lightfmgered, li'te-f ing-gerd, a. thiev- 
ish, dishonest [ble, active 

Lightfooted, li'te-f ut-e'd, a. swift, nim- 

Lightheaded, ltte-he'd'-e'd, a. delirious 

Lighthearted,litp-h&'r-tecl, a. gay, merry 

Lighthorse, lite-hors, s. cavalry lightly 

LIN [ 165 j LIT 

shtft, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Linen, lin-en, s. cloth made of hemp o* 
Max— a. made of or like linen 

Lightning, li'te-nfng, s. the flash that 

precedes thunder 
Lights, li'ts, t. the lungs [airy 

Lightsome, li'te s6m, a. luminous, gay, 
Ligneous, lig'-nyus^ a, made of or like 

Like, li'ke, a. resembling, equal, proba- 
ble — ad. in the same manner, proba- 
bly — v. a. to choose, to approve 
Likelihood, li'ke-11-hud, s. appearance, 
prouability [compare 

Liken, li'k'n, v. a. to make like, to 
Like\vise,h~'ke-wize, ad. in like manner, 
also [trial, inclination 

Liking, li'-king, s. plumpness, state of 
Lilied, Itl'id, a. embellished with lilies 
Lily ltl'-y, s. a flower 
Limb, lmV, a. member, an edge, a bor- 
der— v- a. to supply with limbs, to 
tear asunder 
Linibec, lim' be\ s. a still [to limbs 
Limbed, iimd', a. formed with regard 
Limber, llm'-ber, a flexible, easily beat 
limbo, h'm'-bo, s. figuratively, the bor- 
ders of hell, a place of restraint 
Lime, H'me, s. a stone, a species of le- 
mon — v. a. to ensnare 
Limekiln, ll'm<°-ktl,s.akiln where stones 

are burnt to lime 
Limit, hrn'-it, s. border, utmost reach — 
v. a. to confine within bounds, to re- 
strain [boundaries 
Limitary, li'm'-i-tar-^, a. placed at the 
Limitation, lim-l-ta-shtin, s. restriction 
Limn, limn, v. a. to draw, to paint 
Limous, li'-mus, a. muddy, slimy 
Limp, limp', s. a halt — v. n. to walk 

Limpet, lim'-pe't, s. a kind of shell fish 
Limpid, Iim'-pid, a. clear, pure, trans- 
parent [an axle-tree 
Linchpin, llnsh'-pin, s. the iron pin of 
Linctus, lingk'-tus, s. a medicine to be 

-licked up 
Linden, lin'-dcn, s. a lime tree 
Line, ll'ne, s. extension, a string, linea- 
ment ,limit,the equator, progeny, 10th 
part of an inch— v. a. to cover on the 
inside, to guard within 
Lineage, h'n'-tdzh, s. race, progeny, fa- 
mily [line 
Lineal, lin'-yal, a. descending in a right 
Lineament, lin'-ya-ment, s. a feature, 

a discriminating mark 
Linear, lm-yar, a. composed of lines 
Lineation, lin-ya'-shtin, s. the draught 
of a line or liness 

Linen-draper, lin'-en-dra per, who 

deals in linen 
Ling, ling', s. heath, kind of sea fish 
Linger, ling'er, v.n. to remain long 

to hesitate, to pine 
Lingo, llng'-o, s. a language, tongue 
Linguist, ling'-gwist, 5. one skilled in 

languages [balsam 

Liniment, lin'-l-me'nt, s. an ointment, a 
Lining, li-nmg', 5. that which is within 

any thing 
Link, link', s. ring of a chain, torch of 

pitch— v. a. to unite, to connect 
Linnet, lln'-net, s. a small singing bird 
Linseed, 11n"-s£de, s. the seed of flax 
Linsey-woolsey, lin-s^-wul'-sy, a. made 

of linen and wool 
Linstock, 11n'-st5k, s a staff with a 

match at the end [on sores 

,Lint, lint', s. flax, linen scraped to lay 
Lintel, lin'-tel, s. the upper part of a 

door frame 
Lion, li'-6n, s. the most magnanimous 

of four-footed beasts 
Lip, lip', s. the outer part of the mouth, 

the edge of any thing 
Liquation, 11-kwa-shtin, s. the act of 

melting, capacity to be melted 
Liquefaction, lik-we-f ak'-shtin, s. the 

state of being melted 
Liquefy, lik'-we-fy, v. a. to melt, to dis- 
solve — v. n. to grow liquid 
Liquescent, H-kweV-ent, a. melting 
Liquid, lik'-wid, a. fluid, soft,dissolved 

— s. a fluid substance, liquor 
Liquidate, lik'-wid-ate, v. a. to clear, to 

lessen debts [quidating 

Liquidation, lik-wid-a-shun, J.act of li- 
Liquor,lik'-6r, s. any thin liquid, strong 

drink [root, or its juice 

Liquorice, lik'-6r-is, s. a long sweet 
Lisp, lisp', v. n. to clip words in pro- 
List, list', s. a catalogue, a place for 

fighting, a desire, a scrip ot cloth, a 

border — v. rt. to choose, to desire — 

v. a. to enrol, to enclose for combats, 

to hearken to [ed 

Listed, lis'-tSd, a. striped, parti-colour- 
Listen, lls'n, v. n. to hearken, to give 

attention [catory prayer 

Litany, lit'-an-Y, s. a form of suppli- 
Literal, lit'-er-al, a. not figurative 
Literary, lit-er-ar-y, a. respecting let- 
ters or learning 

LOA f 166 ] Lni 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m£, her — chfn, chine, field, shirt — 

Literati, ltt'-er-a'-ti, s. men of learning 
Literature, llt-er-a-ture, s. learning, 

skill. in letters 
Litharge, lftfvardzh, s. leaa vitrified 
Litigant, lft-f-ge'nt, a. engaged in a suit 

of law 

Litigate, ltt-t-ga'te, v. a. to contest in 

law, to debate— v. n. to manage a 

suit [contest, a suit of law 

Litigation, ltt-f-ga'-shun, s- a judicial 

Litigious, hi ldzh'-us, a. inclinable to 

law-suits, wrangling 

Litter, Ht'-ter, s. a portable bed, straw 

under animals, brood of young, birth 

of animals, things lying disorderly — 

v. u. to bring forth, to scatter about 

Little, ltt'l, a. small, diminutive—*, a 

small space, a trifle — ad. in a small 

degree or quantity 

Liturgy, ltt'-ur-dzh^, s. a public form of 

prayer [mation, to be alive 

Live, liv', v. n. to be in a state of ani- 

Livelihood,li've-lthud,, means 

of living [airy 

Lively, livs-iy, a. vigorous, brisk, gay, 

Liver, lfv'-tr, s. one who lives, one o) 

the entrails [dark, red 

Livercolour, lTv'-er-kol-6r, a. a very 

Livergrown, liv er-grone, a. having a 

great liver 
Livery, llv'-er-y\ s. clothes given to ser- 
vants, a particular dress 
Liveryman, ilv'-er-jf man, s. who wears 

a livery, freeman of a company 
Lives, li'vz, s. plural of Life [blow 
Livid, liv'-id, a. discoloured as with a 
Lividity, liv-id'-ft-y^ s. discoloration as 

by a blow 
Living, lfv'-tng, s. support, livelihood, 

the benefice of a clergyman 
Livre, l'i'-ver, s. a French sum equal to 
ten pence [salt^ 

Lixivial,hk-sV-yal,a.impregnated with 
Lixiviate, lik-sfv'-yet, a. making a lixi- 
Lixivium, lik-sfv'-ynm, s. lie, water im- 
pregnated with fixed alkaline salt 
Lizard, IV-ard, s. a small creeping ani- 
mal resembling a serpent 
Lo, 16, interj. look, see, behold 
Loach, lot'sh, s. a small river fish 
Load, 16'de, s. a burden, a leading vein 
in a.mine— v. a. to burden, to freighr, 
to charge a gun 
Loadstone, 16'de-sto'ne, s. the magnet 
Loaf, 16'fe, s. a mass of bread or sugar, 

Loam, 16'mc, s. a sort of fat earth 
Loamv. 16' my, a. consisting of loam 
Loan, 10'nc, s. any thing lent 
Loath, 16'tne, t;.«.to hate, to nauseate 
Loathsome, 16'the-som, a. abhorred, 

causing dislike 
Loaves, \b'vz, plural of Loaf 
Lob, 15u\ s. any one heavy or sluggish, 

a worm, a prison [room 

Lobby, lob'-by, s. an opening before a 
Lobe, lobe, s. a division, part of the 

Lobster, lob'-ster, s. a shell fish 
Local, lo'-kal, a. relating to place 
Locality, 16-kal-lt-yV.existence in place 
Location, 16-ka'-shtin, s. situation with 

respect to place, the act of placing 
Loch, 16r/sh,s a lake, a large collection 

of waters 
Lock, 18k', s. an instrument to fasten 

doors, &c. — v. a. to fasten with a 

lock, to close fast— t'. n. to become 

fast by a lock, to unite by mutual in- 
Locker, lok'-er, s. any thing closed with 

a lock, a drawer 
Locket, lQk'-et, s. a small lock, a catch 

or spring to fasten a necklace or othei 

ornament [linen 

Lockraut, 15k'-ram, s. a sort of coarse 
Locomotive, 16-ko-m6'-tiv, a. able to 

change place 
Locust 16 kust, s. a devouring insect 
Lodge, l&dzh', v. a. to place, to settle, 

to harbour — v. n. to reside, to lie flat 

— s. a small house in a park or forest, 

a porter's room 
Lodging, lSdzh'-ing, s. rooms hired, a 

temporary place of residence 
Loft, 16'ft, s. the highest floor 
Lofty, lS'f-ty', a. high, sublime, haughty 
Log, \6g, s. a piece of wood, a Hebrew 

Logarithms, lbg'-a-rYtnms, s. index of 

the ratios of numbers one to another 
Loggerhead, lbg'-ger-he'd, $, a dolt, a 

Logic, lodzh'-Yk, s. the art of reasoning 
Logical, lbdzh'-tk al, a. pertaining to or 

skilled in logic [logic 

Logician, 16-dzhtsh' tin, * one versed in 
Logwood, lftg'-wud. s. a wood used for 

dying dark colours 
Loin, 16Yn, s.the back of an animal, the 

Loiter, JbY-ter, v. n. to linger, to idle 
Loll, lbT,v. n. to lean idly, to hang out 


L ltf ] 


shtit, note, 16se, act6r — hut, push, mute, f6r — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Lone, lo'iie, a. solitary, single,without 

Lonesome, 16'ne-s6m//. solitary, dismal 

Long, long', a. not short, dilatory — 
v. n. to desire earnestly [of a ship 

Longboat, I6n«'-b6te, s. the largest boat 

Longevity, lcm-dzhev'-ft-y, s. great 
length of life [penetrating 

Long-headed, long-heel' -Sd, a. subtle, 

Longimetry, l.Sn-dz Mm'-e-try , s. the art 
of measuring distances [or desire 

Longing, lttng'-tng, s. an earnest wish 

Longitude, lbn'-dzhi tude, s.length, dis- 
tance from east to west 

Longitudinal , lon-dzhi-tu'-dt'-nftl, 
ningin the longest direction 

Longs uffering, long'-suf-fer-*ing, a. pa- 
tient — s. clemency, patience 

Longways, lemg'-waze, or Longwise, 
iong'-wize, ad. in length 

Longwiuded, ISng'-wln'-d&l, a, long- 
breathed, tedious 

Loo, Id', s. the name of a game at cards 

Looby, lo'-by, s. a lubber, a clumsy 

Loof, 16f ', *. the after part of a ship's 
bow— v. a. to bring the ship close to 
a wind 

Look, 16k', v. n. to direct the eye to 
any object — v. a. to seek for, to turn 
the eye upon, to behold— s. the air 
of the face, mien 

Looking glass, lok'-Yng glas, s. a mirror 

Loom, Id'me, s. a weaver's frame — v. n. 
to appear indistinctly at sea 

Loon,16'ne,s.a mean fellow, a scoundrel 

Loop, 16'pe, s. a noose for a rope 

Loophole, lo'pe-hole; s. a hole for a 
string, an aperture, evasion 

Loose, 16'se, v. a. to unbind, to set free 
— a. unbounded, wanton — s. liberty 

Loosen, 16's'n, v. n. to part — v. a. to re- 
lax, to set free 

Looseness, lo'se-nes, s. a diarrhoea, ir- 
regularity, unchastity 

Lop, 15p', v. a. to cut branches, to cut 

Loquacious, 16kwa-shus,a. full of talk 

Loquacity, l6-k\vaV-\t-y,s. talkativeness 

Lord, lo'rd, 5. a title of honour, a no- 
bleman, a ruler — v. n. to domineer, 
to rule despotically 

Lording, lording, or Lordling, lbrd'- 
l*i ng, s. a lord in contempt 

Lordship, ltird'-shlp, 5. power, domi- 
nion^ manor, title of a nobleman,&c 

Lore, lo're,s. doctrine, instruction 

Lorimer, lbV-'i-mer, or Loriner, loY-Y- 

ner, •«. a bridle-cutter 
Lorn, 16'rn, a. forsaken, lost 
Lose, lo'ze, v. a. to forfeit, not gain — 

v. n. to suffer loss, to fail 
Loss, 15's, s. forfeiture, damage, puzzle 
Lost, lost, pret. and part, of Lose 
Lot, lot', s. fortune state assigned, por- 
Lotion, 16' shtin, s. a medicinal wash 
Lottery, ltit'-ter-y, s. a distribution of 

prizes by chance 
Loud, 15u d, a. noisy, clamorous 
Love, 16v', v. a. to regard with affec- 
tion — s. passion between the sexes, 

kindness, courtship, friendship, a 

kind of thin silk stuff 
Loveletter, lov'-lel-ter, s. a letter of 

Lovelorn, lovMcVrn, a . forsaken by one's 

love [in love 

Lover, ldv'-er, s. a friend, a person 
Lovesick,16v'-s*i'k, ^languishing through 

love [sing love 

Lovesong, lov-sbng, s. a song expres- 
Lovesuit, lov'-sute, s. courtship 
Lovetale, lov'-tale, s. a narrative of love 
Lovetoy, lov'-tby, s. a small present 

given by a lover [sing love 

Lovetrick, lov'-trlk, s. the art of expreb- 
Lough, lok', s. a lake, standing water 
Loving, lov'-Vng, a. kind, affectionate 
Lovingkindness, lov'-tng-kind-nes, s. 

tenderness, mercy 
Louis D'or, 16-y-do're, s> a French gold 

coin of about twenty shillings 
Lounge, lbu'ndzh, v. n. to idle 
Louse, lbus, s. a small animal 
Lousy, lcm'ztf, a. swarming with lice, 

Lout, lbftt', s. a bumpkin, a clown 
Loutish, lout'-Ysh, a. clownish 
Low, 16', a* and ad. not high, dejected, 

abject, in poor circumstances — v. n. 

to bellow as a cow 
Lower, lo'-tr, v. a. to bring low, to 

lessen, to reduce— v. n. to grow less, 

to sink 
Lower, ltfw -er, v. n. to appear gloomy, 

to frown — s. gloominess, a frown 
Lowland, lo-land, s. a low country, a 

marsh [of dignity 

Lowly, 16'iy, a. meek, humble, void 
Lowminded, lo-mi'nde'd, a. mean, 

Lown, 166'n, s. a scoundrel, a rascal 
Lowspirited, 16-spfr'-lt-£d, a. dejected 


[ 168 ] 


Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — me% desist, m£, her— chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Loyal, 'loyal, a. true to the prince, 

faithful in love [to his prince 

Loyalist, loy-aLfst, s. a rigid adherent 

Loyalty, lby'-al-ty,;adherence 

Lozenge, loz'-fe'ndzh, s. medicine made 

in small pieces to melt gradually in 

the mouth [s- a lazy sturdy fellow 

Lubbard, lub'-bard, or Lubbar, lub'-ber, 

Lubric, lu'-brik, or Lubricous, lu'-brf- 

kus, a . slippery, unsteady 
Lubricate, lu'-bri-kate, V. a. to make 
smooth or slippery [lewdness 

Lubricity, .lu-brts'-l-ty", 5. slipperiness, 
Luce, l&'se, s. a pike full grown 
Lucent, lu'-s&ut, a. shining, bright 
Lucerne, or Lusern, lu-sern, *. a kind 

of grass cultivated as clover 
Lucid, lu'-sid, a. glittering, bright, pel- 
Lucidity, lu-sYd'-f-ty', s. brightness 
Luck, ltik', s, chance, fortune [chance 
Lucky, luk'-y, a. fortunate, happy by 
Lucrative, lu'-kr&'-tlv, a. bringing gain, 

Lucre, lu'-ker, s. gam, profrt 
Luctation, luk-ta'-shun, s- a struggle, a 
contest [by night 

Lucubrate, lu'-ku-brate, v. a. to study 
Lucubration, lu-ku-bra'-shun, s. a night- 
ly study or work [laughter 
Ludicrous,lu-d1-krus,a. merry, exciting 
Luff, lfif ',v. n. to keep close to the wind 
Lug, lug', v. a. to drag, to pull with 
violence — s. a kind of small fish, the 
ear in Scotland [thing 
Luggage, ltig'-g&izh, s. any cumbrous 
Lukewarm, lu'k-warm, a. moderately 
warm, indifferent [put to rest 
Lull, lul', v. a. to compose to sleep, to 
Lullaby, luT-la-b^. s. a song to still babes 
Lumbago, lum-ba-go,s. pains about the 
loins [or cumbersome 
Lumber, lum'-beV, s. any thing useless 
Luminary, lu'-mm-ar-^, s. any body that 
gives light [bright 
Luminous, lu'-mYn-us, a. enlightened, 
Lump, lump', s. a shapeless mass, the 

Lumping, lnmpVmg, or Lumpish, lump'- 

Ish, a. large, heavy, gross, dull 
Lumpy, ltimp'-y\ a. full of lumps 
Lunacy, lu'-na-s^, s. madness in general 
Lunar, lu'-nar, or Lunary, lu'-ndr-y, a. 
relating to , the moon [man 

Lunatic, lu-n'a-t?k, a. mad— s. a mad- 
Lunation, lu-na'-shun.s. a revolution of 
the moon 

Lunch, lunsh', or Luncheon, ltii/-shun, 

s. a handful of food 
Lunette, lu'-nfeY, s. a half moon in for- 
tification ( [of respiration 
Lungs, lting'z, s. the lights, the organs 
Lupine, lu'pin, s. a kind of pulse 
Lurch, lurtsh, s. a forlorn, or deserted 
state— v. a. to shift, to filch, to pil- 
fer, to lurk [tice 
Lure, lix've, s. enticement — v. a. to en- 
Lurid, lu-ri'd, a. paie, gloomy, dismal 
Lurk, lurk, v. n. to lie in wait, to lie 

Lurkingplace,!urk'-ing-plase,s. a hiding 
place, secret place [cloying 

Luscious, lus'-shus, a. sweet, pleasing, 
Lush, lush', a. of a dark deep colour 
Lusorious, lii-so'-ryus, or Lusory, lu'- 

s6r'-y, a. used in play, sportive 
Lust, lust, s. carnal desire— v. n. to 
desire carnally [purify 

Lustrate, lus'-trate, v. a. to cleanse, to 
Lustration, llis-tra'-shun, s. a purifica- 
> tion by water 

Lustre, ltis'-ter, s. brightness, a sconce 

with lights, renown, a space of five 


Lustrous, Itts'-trus, a. bright, luminou* 

Lusty, Itis'-ty, a. stout, healthy, ab^e of 

Lute, lu'te, s. a musical instrument, 
chymist's clay — v. a. to close with 
chymist's clay ' [shining silk 

Lutestring, lu'te-strfng, s. a kind of 
Lutheran, lu-ther-an, s. a follower of 
Luther [put out of joint 

Lux, Ink's, or Luxate, ltik's-ate, v. a. to 
Luxation, luks-a'-shtin, s. the act of dis- 
jointing, thing disjointed 
Luxuriant, lug'-zu ryfen't, a. exuberant, 

superfluously plenteous 
Luxurious, lug-zu'ryus, a. voluptuous, 

delicious, enervating, exuberant 
Luxury, luk'-sur.y, s. voluptuousness, 
delicious fare, excess in eating or 
dress, &c. 
Lydian, ly'd'-ySn, a effeminate 
Lying, ly'-ing, part. a. of Lie, or Lye 
Lymph, lymf ', s. a pure fluid, transpa- 
rent, colourless 
Lymphatic, lym-f at'-fk, s. a vessel con- 
veying the lymph— a. belonging to or 
conveying thelymph [beast 

Lynx, lyngks', s. a sharp-sighted spotted 
Lyre, ly'r^s. a musical instrument 
Lyric, lyV-lk, a. pertaining to a Jyre or 
to odes of poetry sung to a lyre 

MAG v 169 ] MAI 

shot, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 


MAC, mak,s. an Irish and Scotch 
word for son [comb 

Macaroni, mak-a-rd'-n^, s. a fop, a cox- 
Macaronic, mak-a-rftri-fk, s. a confused 

mixture [cuit 

Macaroon, mak-a-rone, s. a sweet bis- 
Macaw, ma-ka', s. a West-Indian bird 
Mace, ma'se, s. an ensign of authority, 

a spice [carries the mace 

Macebearer, mase-bare-er, s. one who 
Macerate, mas'«er-ate, v. a, to make 

lean, to steep 
Maceration, mas er-a'-shun, s. the act of 

macerating, steeping 
Machinate, mak'-fn-ate, v. a. to plan, to 

Machination, mak-Yn-a-shrin, s. contriv- 
ance, a malicious scheme 
Machine, ma'-shine, s. a complicated 

piece of workmanship, an engine 
Machinery, ma-shi'n-er-y, s. complicated 

Mackerel, m'ak'-rel, 5. a small sea fish 
1 Macrocosm, m'a'-kro-kozm, s, the whole 

world or visible system 
j Macula, mak'-u la, or Haculation, niak- 

u-la'-shun, s. a spot, a stain 
Maculate, mak'-£-(ate, v. a. to stain to 

Mad,. mad', a. disordered in mind, furi- 
ous — v. a. to make mad, to enrage 
Madam, mad'4m, s. a term of address to 

Madbrained, mad'-bran'd, a. disordered 

in the mind, hot-headed [fellow 

Madcap, macl'-kap,s. a wild, hot-brained 
Madder, mad'-der,s. a plant much used 

in dying 
Made, made, pret. and part, of Make 
I Madefy, mad'-e-f y, v. a. to make wet 
Madhouse, mad'-hous, s. a house for 
' madmen [of his understanding 

Madman, mad'-man, s. a man deprived 
■■ Madness, mad'-ne^s, 5. fury, distraction 
Madrigal, mad'-rt-gal, s. an amatory 

epigram or song 
Magazine,- mag-a-zt'ne,s. a storehouse, a 

miscellaneous pamphlet [titute 

Magdalen,mag'-da-len, s. a penitent pros- 

( ; Maggot, mag'-g6t, s. a small grub, a 

whim [whimsical 

Maggotty , mag'-g6t-y\ a. full of maggots, 

Magic, madzhVik, a. acting or perform- 
ed by incantation or secret power — s. 
a dealing with spirits, &c. 
Magician, ma-dzhYsh'-an, s. one skilled 
in magic [arrogant 

Magisterial, ma-dzhrs-te ryal, a. lofty, 
Magistery, madzh'-Ys-ter-y, s. a fine che- 
mical powder [with authority 
Magistrate, madzhVis-trat.s. one vested 
Magnanimity, mag-na-nlm'-'i-ty, s. great- 
- ness of mind 
Magnanimous, mag-riari-im-us, a. great 

of mind, brave 
Magnesia, mag-n6'-sh£, s. a sort of white 
absorbent earth [tracts iron 

Magnet, mag'-net, s. a stone that at- 
Magnetic, mag neY-Yk, a. attractive 
Magnetism, mag'-ue'-tizm, s. power of 

Magnific, mag riff '-Ik, a. illustrious 
Magnificent, mag-nlf -is-ent, a. grand 

in appearance, splendid, pompous 
Magnify, mag'-rii'-f y, v.a. to make great, 
to extol highly [comparative bulk- 
Magnitude, mag'-ni tude, s. greatness, 
Magpie, mag'-py, s. a bird, a loquacious 

Mahogany, ma-hbg'-an-y, s. a valuable 
brown wood much used for furniture 
Maid, made, s. a fish, a female servant, 

a virgin 
Maiden, mad'n, s. a virgin, a female ser- 
vant — a. consisting of virgins, fresh, 
unpollutted [uncontaminated state 
Maidenhead, mad'n-he'd, s. virginit} 7 . 
Maid-servant, mede-ser'-vent, s. a fe- 
male servant 
Majestic, madzh-e's'-tYk,rc. august, grand 
Majesty, madzh'-es-ty, s. grandeur, so- 
vereignty, a title of kings and queens 
Mail, male, s. armour, a postman's bag 

of letters 
Maim, mame, v. a. to wound, to crip- 
ple— s. lameness, injury, defect 
Main, rna'ne, a. principal, forcible— 5 

the gross, the bulk, the ocean 
Mainland, ma'ne-larid, s. a continent 
Mainmast, ma'ne mast, s. the chief or 

middle mast 
Mainprize, -nane-prize, 8. a nail, a 

ptedge or surety 

MAL [ 1T0 ] MAN" 

Sounds — h&t, hate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, m£, her — chfn, chine, field, shirt.— 

Mainsail, mane-sale, s. the sail of the 

Maintain, men-taW, v.a. to keep, to 
support — v. n. to support by argu- 
ment [nance, protection 
Maintenance, ma'n-te'n-ens, s. suste- 
Maintop, ma'ne-lop, s. the top of the 
mainmast [mainmast 
Matnyard, mane-yard, s. the yard of the 
Major, ma'-dzhor, a. greater, senior, el- 
der — s. an officer above the captain, 
the first proposition of a syllogism 
Majority, ma-dzh6r'-tty, s. the greater 
number, full age, the office of a major 
Maize, ma'zc,s. Indian wheat 
Make, ma ke, v. a. to create, to form, 
to establish in riches or happiness — 
s. form, structure, nature 
Makepeace, ma ke-pese, s. a peace maker 
Maker, ma'-ker, s. one who makes any 
thing [temper 
Malady, maT a-dtf, 5. a disorder, a dis- 
Malapert, mal'-a-pert, a. saucy, impu- 
Malcontent, mal kbn'-tent, s. one dissa- 
tisfied, disaffected to government 
Male, male, a. of the sex that begets 

young — s. the he of any species 

Malediction, mal-t-dtk'-sliun, s. a curse, 

an execration [a amst law 

Malefactor, maT e-f ak-t6r, s. an offender 

Malefic, mal-e'f'-'ik, a. mischievous, 

Malevolent, ma leV-o-lent. a. ill-na- 
tured, malignant [evil intention 
Malice, maT ts, s. deliberate mischief, 
Malicious, ma-lish'-us, a. ill-disposed, 
intending ill [fectious, ratal 
Malign, ma-li'n<?, a. unfavourable, in- 
Malignant, ma-lig'-nant, a. malicious, 

Malignity, ma-Wg'-hit-y. 5. malice, de- 
structive tendency 
Mal kin, mal-kYn, s. a dirty wench 
Mall, ma'l, s. a beater or hammer — v.a. 

to strike with a mall, ?o oeat 
Mail, melj s. a public walk 
Mallard, maT-lard, s. the drake of the 

wild duck 
Malleability, maT-lya bir-1t-.V\ s. the 

quality of enduring the hammer 
Malleate, mal'-lyate, v.a. to hammer, to 

spread by beating 
Mafet, mal' lgt, 's. a wooden hammer 
Malmsey n<a'm-zy> s. a sort of grape, a 
kind of wine [and dried 

Malt, malt, s. grain steeped in water 

Maltfloor, ma'lt-flor, s. a floor to dry 

malt on 
Malthouse, malt-hftus, s. a building in 

which malt is made 
Maltman, malt-man, or Malster, ma'ls- 

ter, s. one who makes malt 
Maltreated, mal tret-e'd, part, abused, 
ill used [dealer in malt 

Maltster, or Malster, mal'-ste>, s. a 
Malversation, mal-ver-sa'-shtinj s. mean 
artifices or shifts [mother 

Mamma, mam-ma', s. a fond word for 
Mammillary, mam-imT-lar-y, a. belong- 
ing to the paps 
Mammon, mam'-m6n, s. riches 
Man, man', s. human being, the male of 
the human species — v. a. to furnish 
with men, Sec. [hands, to shackle 
Manacle, man'&k'l, v. a. to chain the 
Manacles, man'-ak'lz, s. chains for the 

Manage, man'-eclzh, v. a. to conduct, 
to govern, to husband —v. n. to su- 
perintend affairs — s. conduct, ma- 
nagement of a house 
Management, man-fe'dzh'me'nt, s. con- 
duct, practice 
Manche, ma'nsh, $. a sleeve 
Managery, man'-e'dzh-ry", s. conduct, ad- 
ministration, frugality [tine bread 
Manchet, mansh'-e't, s. a small loaf of 
Mancipate, man'-st-pate, v.a. to en- 
save, to bind [veyor 
M nciple, man'-sfp'l, s. a steward, a pur- 
Mandamus, man da'-mus, s. a writ from 

Jie King's Bench 
Mandarin, man-da-ri'n, s. a Chinese no- 
bleman ormagis:rate 
Mandate, man'-det, s. a command, a 

Mandatory, man' da-tor V, a. preceptive 
Mandible, man'-dtb'i, s. the jaw 
Mandrake, man-dra!*". s. a plant 
Manducate, man' du-kau?, v. a. to chew, 

to eat 
Mane, mane, s. the iong hair on the 

neck of horses 
Man eater man'-et-er, s. a cannibal 
Manes, ma'-nez, s. ghosts, shades 
Manful, rran'-ful, a. bold, stout, daring 
Manganese, man-ga-ne'ze. s. a kind of 

poor iron ore used by glassmakers 
Mange, mandzh, s. the itch or scab in 

cattle, dogs, &c. 
Manger, ma'n-dzer, s. a long wooden 
trough in AYhich animals are fed with 


[ 171 ] 


shot, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Mangle, mang'l, v. a. to cut or tear in 

pieces, to smooth linen — s. a machine 

for smoothing linen ^pickle 

Mango, man' go', s. an Indian fruit or 

Mangy, ma'ndzh-y', a. infected with the 

Manhood, man'-hud, s. virility, courage 
xManiac, ma'-nyak, a. affected with mad- 
Manifest, man'-i f £st, a. plain, clear, 
evident — s. a public declaration — v. a. 
to make appear 
Manifestation, man-Y-f fes-ta'-shun, s. dis 
covery, publication [claraiion 

Manifesto, man-l-feV-td, 5. a public de- 
Manifold, man'-f-f old, a. many in num 
ber, divers [at ombre or quadrille 
Manille, ma-nYl', s. the second best card 
Maniple, man' tp 1, s. handful, a small 

band of soldiers 
Mankind, man ki'nd, s. the human race 
Manlike, man'-like, or Manly, man'-iy, 

a. fitting a man, firm, stout, brave 
Manna, man'-na,s. a physical drug, &c. 
Manner, man'-ner, s. form, cus'ora, 
sort, mem [behaved 

Mannerly, man'-ner-ltf, a. civil, well 
■Manners, man'-ners, s. morals, studied 

or habitual civility 
Manor, m&n'-6r, s. a lord's jurisdiction 
Manse, m&ns', s. a parsonage-house 
Mansion, man'-shnn, s. a place of resi- 
dence, a great house 
Manslaughter, m&n'-sla ter, s. murder 
without malice [chimney 

Mantel, man't'l, s. raised work over a 
Mantelet, man'-te-l£t, s. a small cloak, 

a moveable penthouse for shelter 
Mantle, mant'l, s. a cloak or garment — 
v. a. to cloak, to cover — v. n. to froth, 
to ferment 
Mantua, mant'-a\ s. a lady's gown 
Mantuamaker, man'-ta-ma'-ker, s. one 

who makes gowns 

Manual, man'-u-al, a. performed by the 

hand — s. a small book [spoils in war 

Manubial, mi-nu'-byaf, a. taken as 

Manuduction, man u-diik'-shun, s. a 

guidance by the hand 
Manufacture, m&n-u-f&k'-Lure, s. any 
think made by art — v, a. to make by 
', Manumission, man-u-m¥sh' tin, 5. the act 
of setting free [from slavery 

Manumit, raan u-mtt', v. a. to release 
Manure, ma-nu're,v. a. to dung, to en- 
rich — s. soil to be laid on lands 

Manuscript, man'-u-skrfpt, s. a book 

written « 
Many, m£n'-y\ a. numerous, several 
Map, mSp', s. a delineation of coun- 

tries, &c. 
Maple, map'!, s. a tree [damage 

Mar, ma'r', v. a. to injirre, to spoil, to 
Maranatha, mA-ra-na'-tha, s. a Jewish 
form of anathemizing f tion 

Marasmus, ma-raz'-mus, s. a consump- 
Marauder, ma-ra'd-er, ,<?. a plundering 
soldier [search of plunder 

Marauding, ma-rad-tng, s. roving in 
Marble, ma'rb'l, s. a stone of a fine po- 
lish, a little ball of marble— v. a. to 
variegate, to vein like marble 
Marblehearted, marb'l -h&rt'-e'd, a. cruel, 
hardhearted [fossil 

Marcasite, mar-ka-zite, s. a hard bright 
March, ma'rtsh, s. the third month of 
the year, the movement of soldiers, 
a solemn v.'alk or tune — v. ??. to move 
in a military or sta< ely manner — v. a. 
to put in military movement or re- 
gular procession [of a marquis 
Marchioness, maV-tshon ^s, s. the wife 
Mare, ma're, s. the female of a horse, a 
kind of torpor or stagnation called 
the night mare [of an army 
Mareschal, ma'r-shal, *. a commander 
vJargari e, mar ga- rite, s. an herb, a 
pearl [dzhfn, 5. a border, an edge 
Margent, ma'r-dzhent, or Margin, m&'r- 
Marginal, m&'r-dzhin-il, a. placed in 

the margin 
Margrave, m/r-grave, s. a title of sove- 
reignty in Germany 
Margraviate,mar grav-yet,s. the dignity 
or territory of a margrave [flower 
Marigold, ma'r -Y gold, s. a sort of yellow 
Marinate, ma'r-ln ate, v. a. to salt and 

preserve fish in oil or vinegar 
Marine, ma rl'ne, a. belonging to the 

sea -5. sea affairs, a sea soldier 
Mariner, mar' l'u-er, s. a seaman, a sailor 
Marjoram, mar' dzhor am, s. a fragrant 
herb [husband 

Marital, mar'^t-al, a. perainine to a 
Maritime, mar'-tt-Vm, a. performed on 

the sea, navai, bordering on the sea 
Mark, ml'rk, s. a token, an impression, 
a character, a proof, evidence, any 
thing at which a missile weapon is 
directed, a silver coin worth 13s. 4d. 
— v. a. to impress wilh a mark, to 


[ W ] 


Sounds — h£t, hate, foall, liar — met, desist, roe, her— cht-n, chine, field, shirt. 


Market, ma'r-ket, & t place and time 

to buy or sell — v n. to deal at a 

market [to hit a mark 

Marksman, ma'rksman, s. one skilful 

Marl, ma'rl, s. a kind of fat clay used 

for manure [pitch 

Marline, ma'r-Wn, s. hemp dipped in 

Marlpit, ma'rl-p?t, s. a pit out of which 

marl is dug 
Marly, ma'r-ty, a. abounding with marl 
Maimalade, ma'r-ma-lade, s. the pulp 
of quinces or of other fruits boiled 
with sugar [marble 

Marmorean, mar-mo'-ryan, a. made of 
Marque, m&'rk, s. a licence for reprisals 
Marque, ni&r-ke', s. an officer's field 
tent [rank to a duke 

Marquis, maV-kwts, s. a title next in 
Marquisate, ma'r-kwlz-e't, s. seigniory 
of a marquis [man and woman 

Marriage, mar'-ridzh, s. act of uniting a 
Married, mar'-r^d, a. conjugal, connu- 
bial [bones 
Marrow, mar'-ro, s. an oily substance in 
Marrowfat, mar'-ro-f at, s. a kind of pea 
Marry, mar'-ry', v. a. to join a man and 
a woman, to take for a husband or 
wife — v.n. to enter into the conjugal 
Marsh, ma'rsh, s. a fen , a bog, a swamp 
Marshal, ma'r-shal, s. the chief officer 
of arms — v. a. to arrange, to rank in 
Marshalsea, ma'r-shal-sy\ s. a prison be- 
longing to the king's marshal 
Marsh-mallow, marsh-maT-lo, $. a plant 
Marsh-marigold, marsh-mar'-t-gold, s. a 
flower [in marshes 
Marshy, ma'rsh-y', a. marshy, produced 
Mart, ma'rt, s. a place of public traffic, 
a bargain [swallow 
Marten, marten, s. a kind of weasel, a 
Martial, m'a'r-shal, a. warlike, brave, 
valiant [strap for a horse 
Martingal, mar-tm-gal, s. a leathern 
Martinmas, mar-tin-mas, s. the feast of 

St. Martin, the 11th of November 
Martlet, ma'rt-let, s. a kind of swallow 
Martyr, mar-tir, s. one who dies for the 
truth [or honour of a martyr 

Martyrdom, ma'r-tir-dom, s. the death 
Marty rology, mar-ttr-oT-b dzh^, s. a re- 
gister of martyrs 
Marvel, ma'r-vel, s. wonder — v. n. to 

wonder at 
Marvellous ma'r-vel-lus, a. wonaerful 

Masculine, mas'-ku-lfn, a. male, like a 
man, manly 

Mash, mash', s. a mixture for cattle — 
v. n. to beat into a confused mass 

Mask, or Masque, s. a disguise, a fes- 
tive entertainment [wheat and rye 

Maslin, maz'-ltn, s. mixed corn, as 

Mason, ma'-s'u, s. one who works in 
stone [of a mason 

Masonry, maVn-r^, s. the craft or work 

Masquerade, mas-ker-a'de, s. a masked 
assembly [Romish church 

Mass, mas', s. a lump, service of the 

Massacre, mas'-s£-ker, s. butchery, in- 
discriminate destruction — v. a. to 
butcher indiscriminately 

Massive, mas'-stv, or Massy, mas'-sy 1 , a. 
weighty, bulky 

Mast, ma'st, s. a post raised above a 
vessel, the fruit of the oak or beech 

Master, ma's-ter, s. the ehief of any 
place or thing, dignity in the univer- 
sities — v. a. to conquer, to rule 

Masterly, mas'-ter-f?, a. skilful, artful, 
suitable to a master 

Masterpiece, ma's-ter-pise, s. a capital 
performance, chief excellence 

Masterstroke, ma's-ter-stroke, s. a capi- 
tal performance [skil 

Mastery, ma's-ter-^, s. rule, superiority, 

Masticate, maV-tf-katf, v. a. to chew 

Mastication, mXs-ti-ka-shun, s. the ac« 
of chewing [cemen* 

Mastich, ma's Ilk, s. a kind of gum, 3 

Mastiff, ma's-tlf, s. a fierce dog of the 
largest size 

Mat, mat', s. a texture of sedge, flags, 
or rushes — v. a. to cover with mats 

Matadore, mat-a-do're, s. one of the 
three principal cards at ombre and 

Match, matsh', s. any thing that catches 
fire, a contest, one equal to another 
marriage — v. a. to be equal to, to suit 
to marry — v. n. to be married 

Matchless, matsh'-les, a. having no equal 

Matchmaker, matsh' -ma-ker, s. one whr 
makes matches [suberdinatior 

Mate, ma'te, s. a companion, second ir. 

Material, ma-t6'-ryal, a. consisting ol 
matter, not spiritual, important 

Materiality, ma-te-ryal'-it-y, s. material 
existence, corporeity 

Materials, ma-te-ryalz, s. what any thing 
is made of 

Maternal, ma-ter-nal, a. of or befitting ! 
a mother 

MAX [ 173 ] MEC 

shbt, note, lose, act6r— hot, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Mathematic, matft-e-mAt'-'lk, a. consi- 
dered according to mathematics 
Matnematician, m&th-e-mft-tfsh'-an, s. 

one versed in the mathematics 
Mathematics, matti-e-mat' Iks, s. the 

science of number and measure 
Mathesis. ma-tn&'-sfe,. s. the doctrine of 

Matin, mSt'-tn, a. used in the morning 
Matins, m&tVrnz, s. morning worship 
Matrass, m&t'-rfts, s. a chymical vessel 
Matrice, rria'-trts, s. the womb, a mould 
Matricide, mat'-rl-side, s. the murder of 

a mother 
Matriculate, m& trtk-u-late, v. a. to ad- 
mit to a membership of an university 
Matriculation, m&trYk-ft-la'-shrin, s. the 

act of matriculating 
Matrimonial, m&trf-md'-nyal, a. per- 
taining to marriage [wedlock 
Matrimony, mat'-rl-mon-y", s. marriage, 
Matrix, ma'-tri'ks, s. the womb 
Matron, ma'-tron, s. a prudent elderly 
woman [gunners in artillery 
Matros, mS-tros', s. a soldier under the 
Matter, mftt'-ter, s. body or substance, 

materials, subject, purulent running 
Matting, m&t'-ti'ng, s. mats, texture of 
which mais are made [or hoe 

Mattock, m&t'-t6k, s. a kind of pick-ax 
Mattress, mat'-tres, s. a kind of quilt 
made to lie upon [ripening 

Maturation, m&t-fi-ra'-shon, s. the act of 
Maturative, mat' u-r£-tiv, a. ripening, 
conducive to ripeness [digested 

Mature, ma^u're, a. ripe, perfect, well 
^Maturity, m£-tu'r-?t y, s. ripeness, com- 
Maudlin, ma'd-lm, a. drunk — s. a plant 
Maugre, ma'-ger, ad. in spite of 
Maul, nral, v, a. to bruise or beat 

soundly — 5. a wooden hammer 
Maund, mand, s. a hand basket 
Maunder, m&'n-der, v. n. to grumble, 

to mutter 
Maundy Thursday, ma n-dy-tfcurz'-da, s. 

the Thursday before Good-lriday 
Mausoleum, ma so le' dm, s. a pompous 
funeral monument [birds 

Maw, mi', s. the stomach, the craw of 
Mawkish, ma'-klsh, a. apt to cause loath- 
ing [stomach 
Maw worm, ma' w6rm,$. a worm in ihc 
Maxillary, maks-lT-lar-y, a. belonging to 

the jaw bone 
Maxim, maks'-lm, s. an axiom, a general 
principle Q 3 

Maximum, m&ks'-f-mum, s. the greatest 

possible quanity 
May, ma, s. tlie fifth month of the year 
May-flower, ma'-fl5w'r, s. a plant 
May-fly, ma'-fly, s. an insec peculiar to 
May [first of May 

May-game, ma'-game,s. diversions on the 
May-lily , ma -Til-y^s. the lily of the valley- 
Mayor, ma're, s. the chief magistrate of 
a corporation [mayor 

Mayoralty, ma're-al-tN r , s. the office of a 
Mayoress, ma'-6r-£s, 9. wife of a mayor 

or representative of one 

May pole, ma-pule, s. a pole danced 

round in Way - [momile 

May -weed, ma'-wede, s. a species of ca- 

Maze, maze, s. a labyrinth, confusion 

of thought 
Mazy, ma'-z^, a. perplexed, confused 
Mead, me'de, s. a drink made of water 

and honey, a meadow 
Meadow, me'd'-d, s. rich pasture land 
Meager, merger, a. lean, poor in flesh, 

Meal, me'le, s. a repast, the flour of corn 
Mealman, mes'le-man, s. a dealer in meal 
Mealy, me'-l^, a. besprinkled with meal, 
pappy [bashful of speech 

Mealy-mouthed, m&'-ly-mftfoth'd, a. 
Mean, mene,a. low of rank, despicable, 
base— s. mediocrity, measure, reve- 
' nue — v. n. to intend — v.a. to purpose 
Meander, me-an'-der, s. amaze, a serpen- 
tine winding — v. n. to run with a ser- 
pentine course 
Meaning, me'n-lng, s. intention, sense 
Meanness, men'-ne's, s. niggardliness, 
want of dignity [tune 

Means, mens, s. income, revenue, for- 
Meant, m^nt', pret. and part, of Mean 
Mease, me'se, s. a measure of five hun- 
dred herrings 
Meazles, m£'zl'z, 5. a disease attended 

with inflammation, eruptions, &c. 
Measled, me'zl d, or Measly, mez-iy, a. 

spotted with measles 
Measure, mezh'-ur, s. proportion, a 
stated or sufficient quantity, musical 
time, moderation, limit — v.a. to com- 
pute, to adjust, to distribute by mea- 
sure [quantity of measure 
Measurement, mez'h-ur-me'nt, s. act or 
Meat, me te, s. flesh, food in general 
Meated, m&'t-e'd, a. fed, foddered 
Mechanic, me-kSn"lk, a. mean, servile, 
skilled in mechanics— 5. a manufac* 
turer, a~low workman 


[ 174 ] 


Soimds— hat, hate, Mil, liar -met, desist, me, her— chtn, chine, field, shirt.- 

Mechanics, me-kan'-Yks, s. the geometry 

of motion [ j uice of poppies 

Meconium, me-ko-nyum, s. expressed 

Medal, me'd'-al, s. an ancient coin, a 

stamped piece of metal 
Medallion, mg-dfcl'-lydn, s. a large coin, 
or medal [interpose 

Meddle, mgd'l, v.n. to have to do, to 
Meddlesome, me'd'l-som, a. intermed- 
Medial, me'-dyal, a. middle, mean 
Mediate, rne'-dyate, v. n. to interpose 
as a friend — v. a. .to form by media- 
tion [tion, agency 
Mediation, me-dya'-shun, s. an interposi- 
Mediator, me-dya'-tor, s. one that inter 

poses, an intercessor 
Mediatorial, me-dya-to'-ryal, or Media 
tory, me'-dya-tor-y, a. belonging to a 
mediator [being healed 

Medicable, me'd'-Vkeb'l, a. capable of 
Medical, mfcd'-Y-kal a. physical, medi- 
cinal [used in. healing 
Medicament, m*d"f-ka-m8flt,s. any thing 
Medicate, med'-l-kate v. a\ to tincture 

with medicjnes 
Medicinal, me'd-Y-sY' nal, a. having the 
power of healing, belonging to physic 
Medicine, med'-Y-stn, s. physic 
Mediety, me-di'-e-ty\ s. a middle state 
Mediocrity, me-dyok'-rf-ty, s. a small 

degree, middle state, moderation 
Meditate, m&T-Y-tate, v. a. to plan, to 
" think on — v. n. to contemplate 
Meditation, mSd-V-ia'-shun, s. deep 
thought, contemplation I 

Meditative, mex!' Yta-tYv/ a. given to' 
meditation, serious J 

Mediterranean, med-Y-ter-ra'-nyan, or 
Mediterraneous, me'd-Y-te'r-ra-nytts, a. 
incircled with land, inland 
Medium, me'dyum, s. any thing inter- 
vening, a middle space or degree 
Medlar, me'd'-lar, s. a sort of tree or its 
fruit [mass 

Medley, m^d'-ly^s. a mixture, a mingled 
Medullar, me dtil'-lar, or Medullary, 
me-duT-lar-^, a. pertaining to marrow 
Meed, mt-'de, s. a reward, a gift 
Meek, meke, a. mild, soft, gentle 
Meekness, mek'- jgs, s. gentleness, soft- 
ness of temper 
Meer, me're. See Mere 
Meet, me'te, a. fit, proper — v. a. to face, 

to encounter, to join, to find 
Meeting, me'-tYng, s, an assembly, a 

Megrim, me'-grim, s. a disorder of the 

Melancholic, meT-an-kbl-Yk, a. disor- 
dered with melancholy, fanciful 
Melancholy, m£l-an-ktfl-y, s. a disease 
from a redundance of black bile, dis- 
contented temper— a. diseased with 
melancholy, fanciful, dismal 

Melilot, meT-l-15t, s. name of a plant, 
an unguent [to improve 

Meliorate, me'-lyo'-rate, v. a. to better, 

Melioration, me-lyd-ra".shun, s. the state 
of being betteii, improvement 

Melliferous, mel-lYf '-er-us, a. producing 

honey [act of making honey 

Meliification, mel-lY-fi-ka-shun, s. the 

Mellifluent, mel.ttf'-lu-ent, or Melli- 
fluous, mel-lif-lu-us, a. flowing with 
honey [ripe, drunk 

Mellow, meT-lo, a. soft in sound, full 

Melodious, me-16' dyus, a. harmonious, 
full of melody 

Melody, meT-d-dy", s. harmony of sound 

Melon, mfcl'-on, s. a plant and its fruit 

Melt, melt', v. a. to dissolve, to make 
liquid — v. n. to become liquid 

Member, mem'-ber, s. a limb, a part of 
a discourse, or period, one of a com 
munity [fibres 

Membrane, mem'-brane, s. a web of fine 

Membraneous, men-bra'-nyus, a. con- 
sisting of membranes 

Memento, me-men'-td, s. a hint to 
awaken the memory [thing 

Memoir, m&n'-(ftr, s. an account of any 

Memorable, mem'-or-eb'l, a. worthy of 

Memorandum, mem-o ran'-dum, s. a note 
to help the memory 

Memorial, me-mo-ryal, s. something to 
preserve memory, a written act con- 
taining a remonstrance or petition 

Memorialist, me-mo-ryal'-Yst, s. one who 
presents a memorial 

Memory, mfem'-or-y', s. that faculty by 
which we call to mind any past trans- 

Men, mgn', s. plural of Man 

Menace, men'-^s, v. a. to threaten— s. a 
threat [of animals 

Menagery, me-na^n-fe^y, s. a collection 

Mend, mgnd', v. a. to repair, to correct, 
to improve— v* n. to grow better 

Mendacity, men-das'-t-ty, s. lying, false* 

Mendicant, men'-df-k^at, a. begging— 
s, a beggar 


[ 175 ] 


shot, note, lose, actor — htit, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Meudicate, men'-df-kate, v. a. to beg, to 
ask alms [mestic 

Menial, me -nyal, s. a servant— a. do- 
Menstrual, mfiis'-tru -HI, a. monthly, 

pertaining to a menstruum 
Menstruum, mens'-tru-um, s. liquor 

used in infusions 
Mensurability, me'n-su-ra-b'ii'-'i-ty, s. ca- 
pacity of being measured [sure 
Mensurate, men'-su-rate, v. a. to mea- 
Mensuration, men-su-ra-shun, $. the act 
or practice of measuring [in the mind 
Mental, ment'-al, a.intellectual, existing 
Mention, m£n'-shun, s. oral or written 
expression — v. a. to express in words, 
Mephitic, me-fit'-fk, a. noxious 
Merchantile, rneY-kan-tlle, a. trading, 
commercial [ish — s. a hireling 
Mercenary, mer'-se-naYy, a. venal, self- 
Mercer, mer'-ser, s. one who sells silks 
Mercery, meY-ser-y, s. a dealing in silks 
Merchandise, mer'-tshan-dize, s. traffic, 

commerce, wares — v. a. to traffic- 
Merchant, mer'-tshent, s. a dealer by 
wholesale [ship of trade 

Merchant-man, mer'-tshent-man, s. a 
Merciful, meV-s'f-ful, a. compassionate, 
tender [quicksilver 

Mercurial, mer-ku-ryal,<z. consisting of 
Mercury, mer'-ku ry\ s. quicksilver, a 

planet, a news-carrier 
Mercy, meY-sy^s. tenderness, clemency, 

compassion, pardon 
Meer, mere, a. that or this only, sim- 
ple — s. a pool, a lake, a boundary 
Merely, me're-ly, ad. simply, only 
Meretricious, mer-e-tfl'sh'-us, a. whorish, 

lewd, gaudy 

Meridian, me-rfd'-yan, s. mid-day, the 

line which the sun crosses at noon, 

the highest point of glory or power 

Meridional, me-rld'-yo-nal, a. southern 

Merit, meY-Yt, s. desert, due, reward, 

claim, right — v. a. to deserve, to earn 

Meritorious, mer-t-to'-ryus, a. deserving 

of reward 
Merlin, mer-ltn, s. a kind of hawk 
Mermaid, mer'-made, *. a fabulous sea- 
Merriment, meY-rf-ment, s. mirth, gaiety 
Merry, meY-ry, a. chearful, causing 

Merry Andrew, meY-r^-an'-die', s. a buf- 
Merrythought, meY-ry-that, s. a forked 
bone in the breast of a fowl 

Mersion, mcr'-shun, s. act ol dipping 01 
plunging [the mesentery 

Mesenteric, me-se'n-teY-ik, a. relating to 
Mesentery, me'-sen-ter-y, s. that mem. 
! braneous part round which the guts 
are convolved [threads of a net 

Mesh, mesh', s. space beiween *S 
Mess, mes', s. a portion of food, a set it 
people who eat together — v. ??. to eat, 
to feed together 
Message, me's'-se'dzh, s. an errand 
Messenger, meV-seu-dzher, s. one who 

carries a message 
Messiah, mSs-si-a, s. the anointed, Christ 
Messieurs, mes-st'rz,,?. sirs, gentlemen 
Messmate, mes'-matr, s. one who eats 
with another [house, a tenement 

Messuage, me's'-se'dzh, s. a dwelling- 
Met, meY, pret. and part, of Meet 
Metage, mete-e'dzh, s. act of measuring 
Metal, meYl, s. a h.ard co:rpact body 
malleable, and capable of fusion, cou- 
rage — a. made of metal inferior to 
gold or silver [containing metal 

Metallic, me-taT-lik, a. partaking of, or 
Metalline, me't'-al Tin, a. impiec-iiated 
with metal [of working metals 

Metallurgy, meY-al-lur-dzhy, 4. the art 
Metamoiphosis> met-a-mSr-fo-sYs, s. a 

transformation, a change of . hape 
Metaphor, m£t' a for, s. a change from, 
natural to figurative, a sim le com- 
prised in a word [figurative 
Metaphoric, mel a f Sr-tk, a. not literal, 
Metaphrase, m£t-a-fra'ze, s. a \er »al 

Metaphisic, meYK-fyz'-fk, a. versed in 

or relating to metaphysics 
Metaphysics, meYa fyY-Tks, s. the sci- 
ence which considers beings as ab- 
stracted from all matter 
Metastasis, mfe'-tas'-ta-sfs, s. a transla- 
tion or removal [sition 
Metathesis, mg-tatri'-e-sYs, s. a transpo- 
Mete, me'te, v. a. to measure 
Metempsychosis, me temp-sV-ko'-s'i's, 5 
a transmigration of souls from on. 
body to another 
Meteor, me-ty6r, s. a body in the ail 
or sky of a luminous or transitory na 
Meteorological, me-te'-e ro-ltidzh'-f-kSL 

a. relating to meteors 
Meteorology, me-te 6 r5l'-6 d2hy, .t. the 
fl doctrine of meteor 
Meter, met'- er, s. a measurer, an ii*. 
, spector of measur in : 

MID [ 176 ] MIL 

Sounds — hiit, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — chm, chine, field, shirt. — 

Mete-wand, me'te-w&'nd, or Mete-yard, | Midshipman, mfd'-shfp-man, s. a lower 
m&'te yard, 5. a staff to measure with 

Metheg'in, me-theg lfn, s. drink made 
of honey and water, &c. 

Method, meth'-6d, s. order, regularity, 
manner [due order 

Methodical, me-thttd'-i-kaM, a. ranged in 

Methodise, me , tft'-6d-Ize, v. a. to regu- 
late, to dispose in order 

Methodist, mtfth'-d dfst, s. a person pro- 
fessing the established religion but 

r practising it as the dissenters 

Methodistical, me'th-od-ls'-tl-kil, a. be 
longing to the Methodists 

Metonymy, meV-o-nym-y, s. a figure in 
rhetoric when oue word is used for 
another [verse 

Metre, me' ter, s. harmonious measure, 

Metrical, meV-rfk-Sl, a. pertaining to 
metre [city of a country 

Metropolis, me-tr-bp'-o-lfs, s. the chief 

Metropolitan, me'-tro pol"-1 tan, s. au 

,.. archbishop— a. belonging to a metro 

Mettle, metl, s. spirit, vivacity, courage 

Mettlesome, mS l-som, a. lively, brisk 

Mew, rnu', s. a cage, an enclosure, the 

,.. cry or a cat, a sea fowl — v. n. to shut 

*. up, to shed the feathers, to cry as a 

Mewl, m&'le, v. n. to squall as a child 

Mezzotinto, mez-6 tm'-to, s. a kind of 

Mice, ml'se, s. plural of Mouse 

Michaelmas, mlk'l-mas, s. the feast of 
St. Michael 

Microcosm, nal-kro-kttzm, s. the little 
world, man is so called 

Microme-er, mi krom'-e-teY, s. an instru- 
ment to measure small spaces 

Microscope, ml krd-sko'pe, s. a magnify- 
ing optic instrument 

Mid, mid', or Middle, mA'd'l, a. equally 
distant from 'wo extremes [way 

Mid course, mid kdiS, s. middle of the 

Mid day, mid' da, s. noon 

Middle aged, nYfd'l-adzh'd, a. about the 
middle of life [moderate 

officer on board a ship 
Midst, mfdst, s. the middle — a. situate 

in or near the middle 
Midstream, mtd'-treme, s. the middle of 

the stream [mer solstice 

Midsummer, m'id'-sum-mer, 5. the sum- 
Midway, mid'-wa, ad. in the middle of 

the passage 
Midwife, mld'-wifc, s. a woman who as- 
sists women in. childbirth 
Midwifery, mid'-wYf-ry, s. the art of de- 
livering women [solstice 
Midwinter, nnd'-wm ter, s. the winter 
Mien, m'i'n, s. air, look, maimer 
Might, ml'te, pret. of May See Can — 

s. power, force [great degree 

Migh y, ml'-ty, a. powerful — ad. ki a 
Migrate, mf- grate, v. n. to change place 
Migration, mi-gra-shun, s. the act of 

changing place [settled 

Migratory, mi' grantor y\ a. roving, uu- 
Milch, mtbh', a. giving or yielding milk 
LMild, mi'ld, a. kind, tender, indulgent, 

gentle, not acrid 
Mildew, mtl'-du, s. a disease in plants 

— v. a. to taint with mildew 
Mile, mile, s. a land measure of 1760 

yards [mark the miles 

Milestone, mi'le-stone, s. a stone set to 
Milfoil, mii'-f oil, s. a plant 
Miliary, mYl'-yar-y', a. small, resembling 

a millet seed [in warfare 

Militant, nfiT Y-tent, a. fighting, em-a^eti 
Military, mil'-i-tar-^, a. suiting a soldier, 

warlike [pose 

Milita'e, nriT-i-tat/?, v. n. to war, to op- 
Militia, nriii-fsh'-ya, 5. train bands, a na 

tional force 
Milk, milk', s. liquor from the breast of 

females— v. a. to draw milk from a 

cow, &c. [ployed in the dairy 

Milkmaid, m\'lk'-macU\ s. a woman em- 
Milksop, mflk'-sSp, s. an effeminate 

feeble-minded man 
Milkwhite, nrtlk'-hwite,a. white asmilSk 
Milky, m'ilk'-y, a. yielding milk, tender, 


Middling, raiding, a. of middle rank, Milky-way, nri'k'-y-wa, s. the galaxy, a 

Midge, niidzh', v. a gnat 1 the sky 

Midheave/n, mid' heVn, s. the middle of 
Midland, mid land, a. surrounded by 

land [ipg 

Midleg, mid' leg, s. the middle of the 
Midnight, mid'-mte, s. the middle of 

Midriff, rriid' rlf, s. the diaphragm 

s'ream of lkht in the heavens arising 
from an innumerable assemblage of 
small stars 

Mill, imT, s. an engine to grind, &c — 
v- a. to grind, to comminute, to scamp 
letters or other work round the edges 
of coin 

Mill-cog, imT-kog, s. a tooth of a wheel 


shtft, note, lose, act6r— htit, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Milled, mti'd, a. worked thick as cloth 
stamped [expects the millenniurr 

Millenarian, mtl-le-na'-ryan, s. one who 

Millenary, urtl'-len-a-ry, a. consisting of 
a thousand 

Millennium, mfl-ien'-nyum, s. the space 
of one thousand years, during which 
some imagine Christ will reign upon 
the earth after the resurrection 

Millepede, mil'-e-pede, s. a wood-louse 

Miller, mfl'-ler, s. one who manages a 
mill, a sort of moth 

Millesimal, nril-leV-imal, . a thou, 
sandth [fish 

Millet, mll'-let, s. the name of a plant, a 

Mill-horse, mfl'-hftrs, s. a horse that 
turns a mill 

Milliner, mll'-lm er, s. one who sells 
ribbons and dresses for women 

Million, mtt'-y6n, s. ten hundred thou 

Mill-pond, mll'-p&nd, s. a head of water 
dammed up to drive a mill 

Millstone, mti'-stone, s. a stone for 
grinding corn [spleen 

Milt, mtlt', s. the soft roe of fishes, the 

Milter, mA'lt'-er, s. the male of fishes 

Mimic, mYm-lk, a. imitative, apish — s. 
a ludicrous imitator, a buffoon — v. a. 
to imitate as a buffoon 

Mimickry, mfm'-ik-ry, s. a burlesque 

Minatory, mi'-na-tor-Y, a. threatening 

Mince, mtiis', v. a. to cut very small, to 

Mind, mind, s. intelligent faculty, opi- 
nion — v. a. to mark, to attend, to re- 
mind - [affected 

Minded, mi'nd-£d,<7. disposed, inclined, 

Mine, mi'ne, a. belonging to me — s. a 
place in the earth where metals or 
minerals are dug — v. n. to dig mines 
— to sap or ruin by mines 

Mineral, mln'-er-al, s. matter dug out of 
mines — a. consisting of fossil bodies 

Mineralogy, mm-er-al 6-dzhy, s. the doc- 
trine of minerals 

Mingle, mlng'g'l, *'• a- to mix— v. n. to 
be mixed or united — s. a mixture, a 
confused mass 

Miniature, mtn'-ya-ture, s. a representa- 
tion in a small compass 

Minikin, mYn-1-ktn, a. small, diminutive 
— s. a small pin 

Minim, -min'-lm, s. a note of slow time 

Minimum, min-i'-mum, s. the least pos- 

Minion, mtn'-yon, 5. a darling, a low de- 
Minish, nrtnVteh, v. a. to lessen, to lop 
Minister, mtn'-Ys-ter, s. an agent, an 
officer of state or church— v. (i. to 
give, to supply — v. », to serve in any 
office, to give assistance, to attend on 
the service of God 
Ministerial, mtn-ls-te'-ryal, a. acting 
under authority, pertaining to a mi- 
nister of a church or state 
Ministration, min-fs-tra'-shun, f. agency, 

ecclesiastical function 
Ministry, mm-fs-try, s. service, agency, 

persons employed in state affairs 
Minnow, mln'-no s. a very small fish 
Minor, mi'-nor, a. less, petty — s. one 
under age ; in logic, the second pro- 
position in the syllogism 
Minority, mm-or'-l-ty, s. the state of be- 
ing under age, the smaller number 
Minotaur, rm'-no-tar, 5. a monster half 

man and half bull 
Minster, mins' ter, s. a monastery, a 

cathedral church 
Minstrel, nYi'ns'-trel, s. a musician, a 

player on a musical instrument 
Minstrelsey, mins' trel -sy , s. music, a 
company of musicians [ing 

Mint, mint', s. a plant, a place for coin- 
Minuet, min'-u St, s. a stately regular 


Minute, ml-nuV, a. small, little, slender 

Minute, rnln'-U, s. the sixtieth part of 

an hour — v. a. to set down in short 

hints [nicely 

Minutely, mi-nut'e-iy, ad. exactly, 

Minx, mingks', s, a pert or wanton girl 

Miracle, mir'-ak'J, s. something above 

human power [miracle 

Miraculous, ml-rak -u-lus, a. done by 

Mire, mi're, s. mud, an ant— t;. a. to 

whelm in the mud [pattern 

Mirror, mfr'-ror, s. a looking-glass, a 

Mirth, mirth', s. merriment, jollity, 

Miry, mi'-rY, a. deep in mud, muddy 
Misadventure, mfs-ad-ve'n'-turf , s. mis. 
chance, bad fortune [mankind 

Misanthrope, mYs'-an-thrope, s. a hater of 
Mi-anthrophy, mts-an'-thro-pV, s. hatred 
of mankind [wrong 

Misapply, ml's-Hp-ply', v. a. to apply to 
Misapprehend, mfs ap-pie-hgnd, v. a. 

not to understand rightly 
Misapprehension, nils ap-pre-hSn'-afan, 
s. wrong a-pprehension 


[ 178 ] 


Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— mSt, desist, me*, her—chtn, chine, ffeld, sbirt.- 

Misbegot, m'l's-b&gttt', or Misbegotten, 
mis- le-gttt'n, a. unlawfully begotten 

Misbehaviour, mts-b6-ha've-y6r, s. ill 

Misbeliever, m l i's-be-li'-ver, s. one that 
holds a false religion | perly 

Miscal, mtskai, v. a. to name impro- 

Miscalculate, mls-kaT-ku-laie, v. a. to 
reckon wrong [happy event, abortion 

Miscarriage, lnts-kaY-ndzh, s. an un- 

Miscarry, mts-kar r^, v. n. to fail, to 
have an abortion 

Miscellaneous, mi's sel-la'-nyus, a. com- 
posed of various kinds 

Miscellany, mls'-seT-lin-y', s. a collection 
of various kinds [tune 

Mischance,m1s-tsha'ns, s. ill luck, ill for- 

Mischief, mts'-tshtf, s. harm, ill-conse 
quence, injury 

Mischiefrnaker, mis'-tshtf-ma-ker, s. one 
who causes mischief [noxious 

Mischievous, mts tsht-vus, a. harmful, 

Miscible, mis-sib'l, a possible to be 

Misconception, mts-kSn-sfep'-shun, s. a 
false opinion, a wrong notion 

Misconceive, mis' vr, v. a. to mis- 
understand, to have a false notion of 

Misconduct, mis-ken -dnkt, 5. ill-manage- 
ment, ill behaviour 

Misconstruction, mfs-kon-strttk' shim, s. 
mistaken interpretation 

Misconsirue, mts-kon's-tru, or mts-kbn- 
ter, v. a. to interpret wrong 

Miscount, rnts'-kbunt, v. a. to reckon 
wrong [a vile wretch 

Miscreant,m1s'-kre-ant, unbeliever, 

Misereate mls-kre-aV, or Miscreated, 
mts-kre-a-te'd, a. formed unnaturally 

Misdeed, mts-de'de, s. an evil action, a 
crime [of, to mistake 

Misdeem, nrts-de'me, v. a. to judge ill 

Misdemeaner, mls-de-m§'n-6r, s. an of- 
fence, ili-behaviour 

Misdo, mis-do , v. a. to do wrong— v. n. 
to commit faults 

Misdoing, mts-do-ing, s. an offence, a 
deviation ftrom ri ht 

Misdoubt, mts drtii't, v. a. to suspect — 
s. suspicion, hesitation 

Misempl oy , mts gm-ploy', v. a. to use to 
wrong purposes 

Misemployment, mYs-em-plby-ment, s. 
improper application 

Miser, mi'-zer, s. one covetous to excess 

Miserable, mtz'-er-eb'I, a. unhappy, 

r ^ wretched, stingy 

Misery, mtz'-eY-y, s. wretchedness, cala- 
mity, avarice 

Misesteem, mis gs teW, s. disregard 

Mis form, mts-f tt'rm, v. a. to form badly 

Misfoitune, mts-f o'r-tune, s. calamity, 
ill luck 

Misgive, mts-gYv', ©, a. to fill with doubt 

Misgiving, nVis-gtv'-fng, s. doubt, dis- 
trust [amiss 

Misgovern, mts g6v'-ern, v. a. to rule 

Misguide, mts-gidf , v. a. to direct ilJ, to 
lead wrong 

Mishap, mts-ha'p,s. a mischance, ill-luck 

Misinfer, mYs-Yn-fer, v. infer wrong, 
to mistake 

Misinform, mYs-Yn-f tf'rm, v. a. to give a 
false account 

Misinterpret, mYs-Yn-ter'-pre't, v. a. to in- 
terpret wrong 

Misjudge, mts-dzhndzh', v. n. to form 
false opinions, to judge ill — v. a. to 
mistake, to judge ill of 

Mislay, nits-la', v. a. to lay in a wrong 

Misle, mYz'l, v. n. to rain in small dropj 

Mislead, mts-lS'de, v. a. to lead into an 

Misletoe, mtz'l-to, s. a plant that grows 
on tbe oak, ash, or appc-tree 

Mislike, mts-likf , v. a. to disapprove, to 

Mismanage, mts-man'-e'dzh, v. a. to ma- 
nage ill, to misapply 

Mismanagement, mYs-man'-gdzh-ment, s. 
ill conduct 

Mismatch, mts-matsh', v. a. to match un- 
sui ably 

Misname, mts na'me, v. a. to call by a 
wiong name 

Misnomer, mis-no'- mer, s. an indictment 
under a wrong name, a miscalling 

Misobserve, rnls-tib -serv', v. a. not to ob- 
serve accurately 

Mispel, mts-peT, v. a. to spell wrong 

Mispend, mis-pend', v. a. to spend ill, to 
waste wrong notion 

Mispersuasion, mYs-per-swa'-zhun, s. a 

Misplace, mis-pla'se, v. a. to put in a 
wrong place 

Misprint, mYs-prYnt, v. a. to print wrong 

Misprision, mYs-prYzh'-un, s. contempt, 
mis' ake, neglect 

Misproportion, niYs-pro po'r-shtin, v. a. 
to join without symmetry 

Misquote, mYs-kwo te, v. a, to quote 
falsely [wrong 

Misreckon, mis-re'k'n, v. a. to compute 


t 179 


shot, note, lose, actor — hut, push, 

Misrepresent, mYs-re pre-zent, v. a. to 
represent not as it is, to falsify to dis- 
Misrule, inYs-ru'J, s. tumult, revel 
Miss, mis', *. a term of honour to a 
young woman — v. a. not to hit, to 
tail or obtaining, to discover to be 
wanting, to omit — v. n. not to hit 
Missal, mYs'-sal, s. the Romish mass 
book [to deform 

Misshape, mYs-sha'pe, v. a. to shape ill, 
Missile- mYs'-sYl, a. thrown by the hand 
Mission, mtsh-tin, s. a commission, a le- 
Missionary, mYsh'-6n-ar-y, #. one sent to 

propagate religion 
Missive, mYs'-slv, a. that may be sent or 
flung [rain, dimness 

Mist, mYst', 5. a low thiu cloud, small 
Mistake, rate-take, v. a. to take or con 
ceive wrong — v. n. to err — s. a miscon 
ception, an error 
Misstate, mYs-sta'te, v. a. to state wrong 
or falsely [right 

Mistime, mYs-ti'me, v. a. not to time 
Mistress, mYs'-tres, s. a woman who go- 
verns, a title of common respect, a 
Mistrust, mis-trust', s. diffidence, suspi- 
cion — v. a. to suspect, to regard with 
diffidence [plain 

Misty, nrts'-ty, a. clouded, obscure, not 
Misunderstanding mYs-un-der-stand'-Yng, 

*. a misconception, an error 
Misusage, mYs-u'-zfedzh, s. bad treat- 
ment, abuse [improperly 
Misuse, mYs-u'ze, v. a. to treat or use 
Mite, rente, s. a small insect, a small 
particle [against poison 
Mithridate, mYth'-rY det, s. a medicine 
Mitigate, mt-Y-gate, u. a. to alleviate, to 

Mitigation, mYt-Y-ga-shun, s. abatement 
! of some punishment 
Mitre, mi'-ter, s. a bishop's cap 
Mitred, mi'-terd, a. adorned with a 
mitre [the winter 

Mittens, mYt'-tenz, *. coarse gloves for 
Mittent, mYt'-tent, a. sending forth, 
emitting . [commitment 

Mittimus, mU'-tY-mus, s. a warrant of 
Mix, nuks', v. «. to mingle — v. n. to je 

united into one mass 
Mixture, mtks'-tftre, s. a mass formed by 

mingled ingredients 
Mizen, mYz'n, s. the aftermost mast of a 
• ship that has three 

ute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Moan, mb'ne, v. a. to lament, to deplore 

v, n. to grieve — s. lamentation 
Mo.-t, mot.' , s. a canal of water lound 

a castle, &c. 
Mob, mob', *. a crowd, a rabble, a fe- 
male head-dress— v. a. to harass, to 
scold vulgarly 
Mobby, mob'-by, s. a drink made of po- 
tatoes [ness, the populace 
Mobility, mo-bYl'-Y-ty, s. activity, fickle- 
Mocho-stone, mo'-ko-stone, 5. a stone ot 

the agate kind 
Mock, m6k', v. a. to ridicule, to mimic, 
to tantalize— v. n. to scoff, to fleer — 
a. false, counterfeit, not real 
Mockery, mok'-er-y, s. derision, sportive 

insult, counterfeit appearance 

Modal, mo dal, a. relating to the form 

or mode [fashion 

Mode, mode, s. form, state, degree. 

Model, mbd'-el, s. a representation, a 

copy to be imitated, a standard —v. a. 

to shape, to mould, to delineate 

Moderate, mbd'-er-St, a. temperate,mild, 

Moderate, mbd'-er-ate, v. a. to regulate, 

to restrain 
Moderation, mbd-er-a'-shttn, s. forbear- 
ance of extremity, equanimity, fruga- 
lity [rules or restrains 
Moderator, mbd er-a'-tor, s. one who 
Modern, mbd'-ern, a. recent, vulgar, 

Modernise, mod'-ern-Ize, v. a. to adapt 
ancient compositions to modern per- 
sons or things 
Moderns, mbd'-ernz, s. those who have 

lived lately 
Modest, mod'-e'st, a. not presumptuous, 

chaste, discreet 
Modesty, mod -es-ty,s. chastity, decency, 

purity of manners 
Modicum, mbd'-Y-kum, s. a small por- 
tion, a pittance ■ [be diversified 
Modificable, md-dYf'-Yk-eVl, a. that may 
Modification, mod-Yf-tk-a shun, s. the 
act of modifying [of, to shape 

Modify, mbd'-Y-f y, v. a. to change the 
Modillion, or Modillon, mo-dYf-lyou, s. 
a sort of bracket [eay 

Modish, md'dYsh, a. fashionable, tasty, 
Modulate, mbd'-u-late, v. a. to form 

sound to a certain key or note 
Modulation, mbd u-la shfcfcn, s. the act of 

modulating, harmony 
Modulator, mdd'-u-la-tor, s. he who D'4> 
duiates, a tuner 

MON [ 180 ] m MOO 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— met, desist, me, her — chtn, chine, field, shirt. 

Module, mbd'-ule, s. an empty repre- 
sentation, a model 
Modus, mo'-dus, s. an equivalent in the 
lieu of tithes [made of hair 

Mohair, mo hare, s. a thread or stuff 
Mohawk, mo hak, s. a barbarous Indian, 

a ruffian 
Moidered, mot' derd, a. crazed, stupified 
Moidore, mot do're, s. a Portugal coin 

of 11. 7s. 
Moiety, moY-e-ty", s. half 
Moil, mol'l, v. a. to daub with dirt, to 

weary— v. n. to toil, to drudge 
Moist, moYst, a. wet, damp, juicy 
Moisten, mbYs'n, v. a. to make moist 
Moisture, mbYs-ture, s. a small quantity 
of water, &c. [sugar 

Molasses, mo-laV-sez, s. treacle, dregs of 
Mole, mo'le, s. a natural spot, a mound, 
a little animal that works under 
ground [catches moles 

Molecatcher, mo'le-katsh-e>, s. one who 
Molehill, mole-hll, s. a hillock made by 
a mole [trouble, to vex 

Molest, mo lSst', v. a. to disturb, to 
Molestation, mb-leVta-shun, s. disturb- 
ance, vexation 
Molewarp, mo'le-warp, or Mouldwarp, 
mold w&rp, s. a small animal that 
throws up the earth 
Mollient,m6T-lye'nt, a. softening 
Mollification, mol-lt f tk-a-shan, s. the 

act of mollifying, mitigation 
Mollify, mbl'-li-f y, i« u. to soften, to as- 

guage, to appease 
Molten, Molt' n, part. ofMelt 
Moment, mo-me'nt, s. consequence, im- 
portance, value, an indivisible part of 
Momentary, mS-m^n-tar-^, a. instantly, 

lasting but a short time 
Momentuous, mo-men'-tus, a. impor- 
tant, weighty 
Momentum, md-meV-tum, s. impetus, 
force, quantity of motion in a moving 
body [lating to monks 

Monachal, mbn'-a-kal, a. monastic, re- 
Monarchism, mbn'-a-k!zm, s. a monastic 

Monarch, mbn'-ark, s. a king, a sovereign 
Monarchal , mo -na'r-kal, a. regal, princely 
Monarchical, mo-na'r-kt-kal, a. vested in 
a single ruler [by one, a kingdom 

Monarchy, mon'-ar-ky, s. a government 
Monastery, mon'-as-ter-^, s. a convent 
Monastic, mo-n&s'-tfk, a. pertaining to a 

Monday, m6n'-da, s. the day after Sun- 
day [public use 
Money, mon'-y', s any metal coined for 
Moneyed, mbn'-^d, a. rich in money 
Moneyscrivener, mbn'-^-skr'iv-ner, s. a 

raiser of money 
Monger, mdng'-er, 5. a dealer, a seller 
Mongrel, m6ng'-grel, s. an animal of a 

mixed breed [hint 

Monition, montsh'-iin, s. information, 
Monitor, mon t-tor, s. one who warns 

of faults or gives useful hints 
Monitory, mbn'-t-tor-y, a. giving admo 

nition — s. a warning 
Monk,mbngk', 5. one who lives in a 

Monkery, mongk'-£-ryV 5. life of a monk 
Monkey, mongk'-y", s. an ape, a word of 

Monkish, mongk'-ish, a. monastic 
Monochord, mbn'-6-kb'rd, 5. an instru- 
ment of one string 
Monocular, mo-nbk'-d-lar, or Monocu. 

lous, mo-nbk'-u-lus, a. one-eyed 
Monody, mbn'-o-dy, s. a poem sung by 

one person ["age of one wife 

Monogamy, mo-nog'-a-my, s. the mar- 
Monopetalous, mbn-6-pe't'-&l-6s, a. hav 

ing but one leaf 
Monopolize, mo-nbp'-d-lize, v. a. to en 

gross all of a commodity into a per 

son's own hands 
Monopoly, mo-nbp'-o-iy, s. an exclusive 

privilege of selling 
Monoptote, mbn'-bp-tote, s. a noun used 

in one case only 
Monosyllable, mbn-d-syl'-lab'l, s. a word 

of one syllable 
Monotony, mo-nbt'-o nf, s. uniformity 

of sound, want of variety of cadence 
Monsoon, mbn-s&'ne, s. a shifting trade 

wind [tural or horrible 

Monster, mbn'-ster, 5. something unna 
Monstrous, mbn'-strus, a. wonderful, 

unnatural, shocking 
Month, month', s. the twelfth part of 

the year, a space of four weeks 
Monument, mbn-u-ment, s. any thing 

to perpetuate memory, a tomb 
Monumental, mbn-u-mgn'-tal, a. pre 

serving memory 
Mood, mo'de, s. a peculiar form of th<» 

verb, temper of mind [the night 

Moon, mo'ne, s. the great luminary of 
Moon-beam, m&'ne-b&me, s. a ray of lu 

nar light [blind 

Moon-eyed, mo'ne-ide, a, dim-eyed, pur 


[ 181 ] 


shot, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Moonlight, raone-lite, s. light afforded 
by the moon [the moon 

Moonshine, mo'ne-shrae, s. the lustre of 
Moor, mo' re, s. a marsh, a negro— •t. a. 
to fasten Lf anchors— v.ti. to be fixed 
Moorhen, mo re-hen, s. a fowl that feeds 

in the fens 
Mooring. mor'-mg, part, fastening with 
ropes and anchors — 5. places for 
mooring a ship 
Moorish, mo'r-ish, or Moory, mo'r-^, a. 

fenny, marshy, of the moors 
Moorland,, m6're-land, s. a marsh, fen, 

waterv ground 
Moose, mo'se, s. a large American deer 
Moot, mo'ie, v. a. to plead a mock 
cause, to ar^ue unsettled and dis- 
putable points [root 
Mooted, mo't-gd, a. plucked up by the 
Mooihall, mot-hal, s. place fur trying 
moot causes [rloois 
Mop. m6p', s. an utensil to clean the 
.Mope, md'pe, t\ n. to be spiritless or, 
drowsy [s. a puppet, a doll 
Moppet, mop'-pSt, or Mopsy, mop'-s^, 
Moral, mftr'-ki, a. teaching the rules of 
virtue or the duties of life, regarding 
vice and virtue— s. the doctrine in- 
culcated by a fiction [morals 
Moralist, mor'-al-tst, s. one strict in 
Morality, morXl'-'i-ty, s. the doctrine of 

the duties of life 

Moralize, mo. '-a \Ue, v. a. to explain in 

a moral sense — v. n. to speak or write 

on moral subjects [duties 

Morals, mbV-alz,*. the practice of moral 

Morass, md-ras', s. a fen, a moor 

Morbid, moVbid, a. diseased 

Morbific, m6'r-btf -tk,«. causing diseases 

Moroose, mor-bose,tf. proceeding from 

disease [state 

Morbosify, mfir-b5s'-ft-?, s. a diseased 

Mordacious, m5r-da'-shus,a. biting, apt 

to bite [number 

More, mo're, a. in greater degree or 

Morel, mo-re 1 !', s. a plant, a kind of 

cherry [tract of land 

Moreland, mo're-land, s. a mountainous 

Moreover. inorc-6'-ver, ad. more than 

yet mentioned 
Morn, morn, or Morning, mb'r-nmg, s. 

the first part of the day 
Morocco, mo i ok' k 6, s. a fine kind of 

Morose, mo-ro'se, a. peevish, cross, 
surly [sourness 

Morosity, inoros'-ft-y, s. sullenness, 

iMorphew,m8'r-fu, s. a scurf on the face 
Morris-dance, moY-rfs dans, s. a Moor- 
ish dance 
Morris-dancer, mdr'-rrs-dan-ser, s. one 

who dances the Moorish dance 
Morrow, mor'-ro, s. the day following 

the present 
Morse, mo'rs, s. the sea horse 
Morsel, mo'r-sel, s. a mouthful, a small 

Mortal, mo"r-tal, «. subject to death, 
destructive, violent — s. a man, a hu- 
man being 
Mortality, mSr-taT-Tt-y*, s. power of de- 
struction, frequency of death, hu- 
man nature 
Mortar, mS'r-tar, s. a vessel to pound 
in, a cannon for bombs, a cement for 
building [lands, &c. 

Mortgage, mor-ge'dzh, v. a. to pledge 
Mortgagee, mor-ga-dzhe', *. one who 
takes a mortgage [structive 

Mortiferous, mor-ttf'-er-us, a. fatal, de- 
Mortification, mor-ff-f l-ka-shiin, s. a 

gangrene, humiliation 
Mortify, mo'r-tl-fy, v. a. to humble, to 

vex — v. n. to gangrene 
Mortise, mo'r-tfs, s. a hole cut into 
wood to admit another piece in— 
v. a. to join with a mortice 
Mortmain, mo'rt-mane, s. an unalien- 
able estate [the church 
Mortuary, nior-tu-ar-y", s. a gift left to 
Mosaic, mo-za-lk, a. kind of painting 

in pebbles and shells 
Moschetto, mbs-k&'-to, s. a West Indian 

stinging gnat 
Mosque, mosk', s. a Mahometan temple 
Moss, moY, s. a plant growing on trees, 

&c. • 

Mossy, mos'-sV,#« overgrown with moss 
Most, mo'st, a. greatest in number or 
quantity or degree— s. the greatest 
number or value 
Mostly, mo'st-1^, ad. for the most part 
Motable, mo-teb'l, a. motable, chang- 
ing position 
Motation, mo-ta'-shttn, s. the act of 

Mote, mo'-te, s. a small particle of mat- 
ter, a court of judicature 
Moth, mo'th, s. a small winged insect 
Mother, m6th-er, s. a woman that has 
borne a child, a sort of mouldiness 
in liquors— a. had at the birth, na- 

MOU { 182 J MLTL 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hail, liar — mel, desist, me, her — chm, chine, field, shirt — 

Mother-of-Pearl, moth'-er-of-perl, s. a 

kind of coarse pearl, a shell in which 

pearls are generated [mother 

Motherless, mtith'-er-les, a. having no 
xWotherly muther-iy, ad. friendly, 

acting as a mother 
Mothery, muth'-£r-y, a. concreted, 

dreggy, mouldy 
Mothy, mb'tfi-y, a. full of moths 
Motion, mo-shan, s. the act of moving, 

action, proposal 
Motive, mo'-rfv, a. causing motion— s. 

the reason of an action [colours 

Motley, mbt'-iy, a. mingled, of various 
Motto, mbt'-to, s. the senteuce added 

to a device or prefixed to any thing 

Move, m&'ve, v. a. to put out of one 

place into another, to put in another 

— 9. n. to go from one place to an- 

other [furniture 

Moveables, mo'v-eblz, s.personal goods, 
Moving, mft'-vYng, part. a. pathetic, 

Mould, mold, s. a concretion occasion- 
ed by damp, earth, cast, form — v. a. 

to form, to model, to knead 
Moulder, mdl-der, v. n. to perish— 

v r a. to turn to dust 
Moulding, mo'1-dtng, s, ornaments ol 

wood, stone, <5ec. [concretions 

Mouldy, mol-dy, a, overgrown with 
Moult, molt, v. n. to shed or change 

Mound, mftu'nd, s. a fence, a rampart 
Mount, mount', *. a mountain, a hill — 

v. n. to get on horseback — v. a. to 

ascend, to climb 
Mountain, mbu'n-tin, s, a large hill— 

a. found in the mountains 
» Mountaineer, mbun-tin-£'re, s. a rustic, 

a highlander [a stage doctor 

Mountebank,mou.'n-te-bangk,s. a quack, 
Mounting, mbu'n-tlng, s. ornaments 

that raise and set off a work 
Mourn, mo'rn, v. n. to grieve, to wear 

tne habit of sorrow-*-*?, a. to grieve 

for, to lament 
Mourner, morn er, s. an attendant on 

funerals in black 
Mournful , mo'rn--ful, a. causing sorrow, 

Mourning, mo'r-nfng, s. lamentation, 

the dress of sorrow 
Mouse, mbu's, s. a small quadruped 
Mouse-trap, m&us'-trap, s, a trap to 

catch mice with 

Mouth, mouth, s. the aperture in th e 

head, where food is received, an en- 
trance — v. n. to vociferate 
Mow, mow', s. a heap of hay or corn — 

v. a. to cut with a scythe, to cut down 

with speed [with a scythe 

Mower, mbw'-er, s. one who cuts down 
Much, mutsh', s. a great deal— ad. 

greatly, often 
Mucilage, mfi'-s'i-le'dzh, s. a slimy or 

viscous body [slimy, viscous, ropy 
Mucilaginous, mu sl-ladzh'-fn-us, a. 
Muck, mtik', s. dung, any thing filthy — 

v. a. to manure with muck [chief 
Muckender, muk'-en-der, #. a handker- 
Muckhiil, muk'-hfl, s. a dunghill 
Muckworm, mhk' worm,*, a worm that 

lives in dung, a miser 
Mucky, mtik'-ky, a. nasty, filthy 
Mucous, mfr'-kus, a. slimy, viscous 
Mucus, mu'-kus, s. a slimy liquor or 

Mud, mud', s. wet dirt, filth, or mire 
Muddle, mud'l, v. a. to make foul, to 

make tipsy 
Muddy, mijd'-dy, a. turpid, foul with 

mud, cloudy— v. a. to make muddy 
Mudwall, mud-wai. s. a wall built witl. 

mud [hands in winter 

Muff, mtif ', s. a soft cover of fur for the 
Muffin, mUf'-ftn, s. a kind of light 

spongy cake [fold 

Muffle, muf '1, v. a. to wrap up, to blind- 
Muffler, mtif'-fler, s.a cover for the face 
Mufti, muT t#, s. the high priest of the 

Mug, mug', s. a cup to drink out of 
Muggy, mttg' g^, or Muggish, mug'-gtsh, 

a. moist, damp, close 
Mughouse, mfig'-hous, s. an alehouse 
Mulatto, mu 'ai'-to, s. one begotten be- 
tween a white and a black [fruit 
Mulberry, mul'-bfcr-ry', s. a tree and its 
Mulct, mulkt', s. a fine, a penalty — v.a. 

to punish with fine or forfeiture 
Mule, mule, s. an animal generated 

between an ass and a mare 
Muleteer, mu-let-tere, s. a driver of 

mules [hood, tenderness 

Muliebrity, mu-lyVeV-rl-ty, s. woman- 
Mull, mul', v. a. to warm and sweeten 

wine or ale 
Muller, mul.'-lar,s. a stone for grinding 

Mullet, mul'-lSt, s. a sea fish 
Mulligrubs, mul'-lf-grubz, s. a twisting 

of the guts, sullenness 


f 183 ] 


sh»t, note, 16se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick - 

Multangular, mtilt-ang'-u-lar, a. having 

many corners 
Multifarious, mttl-ttfa'-ryus, a. having 

great multiplicity, &c. 
Multiform, mol'-tY-fdVm, a. having va- 
rious shapes [with many feet 
Multipede, mul'-tf-p£de, s. an insect 
Multiple, mul'-tip'l, s. a number con- 
taining another several times 
Multiplicable, mul'-tt-pli keb'l, a. that 

may be multiplied 
Multiplicand, mul-t'i'-ph'-kand', s. the 

number to be multiplied 
Multiplicarion,mul-tf pli-ka'-shun,?. the 

act of multiplying 
Multiplicator, mul-t'ipH-ka'-tor, 5. that 
which multiplies [variety 

Multiplicity, mnl-tf-pli's'-'i-ty, s. a great 
Multiplier, mul-tt-pli'-er, s. the multi- 
plying number in arithmetic 
Multiply, mul'-ti-ply, v. a. to increase 
in number [ber, many, a crowd 

Multitude, mtil'-tf-tude, s. a great num- 
Multitudinous, m'ul-tf-tu'-din-us,'/. ma- 
nifold [kind of ale 
Mum, mum', mferj. silence, hush— s. a 
Mumble, mum'b'l, v.n. to speak indis- 
tinctly, to grumble, to mutter, to 
chew [masks, buffoonery 
Mummery, mum'-mer-y, s. frolic in 
Mummy, mum'-m^, s. an embalmed 
corpse, a sort of wax [to beg 
Mump, mump', v. a. to nibble, to bite, 
Mumps, mumps' ,s. sullenness, a disease 
, Munch, mnnsh', v. n. to chew eagerly 
Mundane, mun'-dane, a. belonging to 
the world [cleansing 
Mundation, mun-da'-shun, s. the act of 
Mundatory, mun'-d«i-t6r-y, a. having 

the. power to cleanse 

Mundic, mun'-dfk,s. a kind of marcasite 

Mundungus, m'un-dimg'-gus, s. stinking 

tobacco [nature of a gift 

Munerary, mu'-ner-ar-y\ a. having the 

Municipal, mh nts'-f-pal, a. belonging 

to a corporation [bountiful 

Munificent, mu-ntf'A'-se'nt, a. liberal, 

Muniment, mu'-nl-ment, s. a strong 

hold, a support [ammuni ion 

Munition, mu nfsh'-un, s. fortification, 

Mural, mu' ral, a. pertaining to a wall 

Murder, mur'-der, s. the act of killing 

unlawfully— v. a. to kill unlawfully, 

to destroy [commits murder 

Murderer, mur'-der-er, s. one who 

Murderous, mtu'-der-us, a» bloody, 

guilty of murder 

Mure, mu're, 5. a wall — v. a. to enclose 

in walls [ture of brine 

Muriatic, mu-rf-at'-lk, a. having the na- 

Murky, mur'-ky, a. dark, cloudy 

Murmur, m'ur'-mur, s. a low continued 

buzzing noise, a complaint — v. n. to 

give a low buzzing sound, to utter 

secret discontent [cattle 

Murrain, mur'-rfn, s. a plague amongst 

Murrey, mtir'-ry, a. darkly red 

Muscadel, mus'-ka del, or Muscadine, 

mus'-ka-dhic. 5. a kind of sweet grape 

or wine [fish 

Muscle, mtts'l, s. a fleshy" fibre, a shell 

Muscosity, mus-koY-1t-y, s. mossiness 

Muscular ,mus'-ku-lar,a. full of muscles, 

Muse, mu'ze, s.deep thought, the power 
of poetry, one of the nine sisters pre- 
siding over the liberal arts— v. n. to 
ponder, to think close [curiosities 
Museum, mu-zt'-um, s. a repository for 
Mushroom, mtish'-iome, s. a sort of 

spongy plant, an upstart 
Music, mu'-zfk, s. harmony, science of 

harmonical sounds 
Musical, mu'-zf-kal, a, harmonious, 
sweet sounding [music 

Musician, mu ztsh'-an, s. one skilled in 
Musing, muz'-ing, a. pausing, closely 
thinking [flower 

Musk, mhsk', s. a sort of perfume, a 
Musket, mus'-ke't, s. a soldier's hand- 
gun, a male hawk 
Musketeer, mus-ke-te're, s. a soldier 
armed with a rrrusket ^buss 

Musketoon, mus-ke-to'nf, s. a blunder- 
Musky, mtis'-ky, a. fragrant, sweet, 
smelling like musk [cotton 

Muslin, muz'-lfn, s. fine stuff made of 
Musqueto, see Moschetto 
Mussulman, mus'-sul-man, s. a Maho- 
metan believer 
Must, must', v. a. to make mouldy — 
v. n. to grow mouldy — s. new wine, 
new wort — v. imperf. to be obliged 
Mustaches, mus-ta-zh£z, s. whiskers 
Mustard, mtis'-tard, s. a plant and its 

Muster, mtis'-ter, r. ?t. to assemble 
forces— v. a. to review, to bring to- 
gether — s. review of a body of forces, 
register of forces [damp, dull 

Musty, mus'-ty, a. mouldy, spoiled wilh 
Mutability, mu-ta-bll'-t-ty, *. change- 
ableness, inconstancy 
R 3 


r 184 ] 


Sounds.— hat, hate, hall, liar— m^t, desist, me, her— chtn, chine, field, shirt- 

Mutab!e, mu'-teb'l,a. subject to change, 
incoustant, uncertain 

Mutation, mu-ta-shdn, s. the act of 
changing, alteration 

Mute, mt'tc, a. silent, not vocal, dumb 
— s. one that has no power of speech 
— v. n. to dung as birds 

Mutilate, mu'-tfl-ate, v. a. to deprive of 
serine essential part, to maim 

Mutilation, mutl-la-shun, s. depriva- 
tion of a limb, &c. 

Mutine, mu tin, or Mutineer, mu-tYn- 
e're, s. a mover of sedition 

Mutinous, mu'- tin-us, a. seditious, tur- 

Mutiny, mu'-tf-ny\ v. n. to rise against 
authority — 5. insurrection, sedition 

Mutter, mui'-ter, v. n. to grumble, to 
murmur-:.', a. to mutter with im- 
perfect articulation [sheep 

Mutton, mut'n, s. the flesh of sheep, a 

Muttonfist, mut'n-f ist, s. a hand large 
and red [in return 

Mutual, mu'-tual, a. reciprocal, acting 

Mutuality, mu tu-al'-t-ty 1 , s. reciproca- 

Mutually, mu'-tu-a'l-iy, ad. in return, 

Muzzle, mtiz'l, s. the mouth of any 

thing — v. a. to bind the mouth 
My, my', a. belonging to me 
Myography, my-bg' graT-Jf, s. a descrip 

tion of the muscles 
Myriad, mir'-yid, s. ten thousand 
Myrmidon, nYir'-mi don, s. any rude 

Myrrh, mir', s. a precious kind of gum 
Myrrhine, mir'-rine, a. belonging to 

myrrh, made of the myrrhine stone 
Myrtle, mir't'l, s. a fragrant kind of 

Myself, my-self , *. my very person 
Mystagogue, myV-tSL-gog, s. one who 

interprets mysteries 
Mysterious, mtfs-te-ryus, a. full of 

mystery, awfully obscure 
Mysterize, myY-te-riae, v. a. to turn to 

enigmas [or hidden 

Mystery, mys'-te-r^, s. something secret 
Mystic, myV-tlk, a. sacredly obscure, 

secret [lating to fables 

Mythological my-tfro-lbdzh'-1k <U, a. re- 
Mythologize, my-thol'-o-dzhize, v. n. to 

relate or explain the ancient fables of 

the heathens [of fables 

Mythology, my-inby-d-dzhy*, s. a system 


NAB, nab', v. a. to catch unexpect- 
Nabob, na-bob', s. a governor in the 
m empire of the great mogul, one who 
\ has acquired a large fortune in the 
r East Indies 
Nadir, na'-dir, s. the point under foot 

directly opposi' e to the zenith 
Nag, nag', s a small or young horse 
Naiad, na'-yad, s. a nymph supposed to 

haunt rivers and fountains 
Nail, na'le, s. a horn on the fingers and 
t toes, a spike of metal, a stud, the 
* sixteenth part of a yard — v. a. to 

fasten or stud with nails 
Naked, ru'-kgd, a. uncovered, unarm- 
ed, evident 
Nakedness, na-ke'd'-ne's, s. want of co- 
vering or concealment, poverty 
Name, na'me, s. an appellation, repu- 
tation, renown — v. a. to discriminate 
by a particular appellation, to men- 
tion by name, to specify, to nominate 

Namely, ''name-ty, ad. particularly, 

specially [same name 

Namesake, na'me-sake, s. one of the 

Nap, nap', s-. a short sleep, down on 

cloths [bind 

Nape, na'pe, s. the joint of the neck be- 

Napkin, nSp'-kfn,s. a cloth to wipe the 

hands, &c. [having a nap 

Nappiness, n8p'-pY-n&s,s. the quality of 

Nappy, nap'-ptf, a. frothy, spumy 

Narcissus, nar-s'is'-us, $. the daffodil 

Narcotic, nar-kbt'-ik, a. causing torpor 

or stupefaction [shrub 

Nard, n£'rd, s. spikenard, an odorous 

Narrate, naV rate, v. a. to relate, to 

Narration, nSr-ra'-shun, or Narrative, 

naY-ra'-tfv, s. a relation, a history 
Narrator, nfcr-ra-t6r, s. a teller, a re- 
Narrow, naV-ro, a. near, covetous, not 

broad or wide 
Nasal, na'-zal, a. belonging to the nose 


[ 185 ) 


»h6t, uote, lose, actor— htit, push, mate, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Nastiness, nas'-tl-nes, s. filthiness, ob- 
scenity, dirtiness [gross 
Hasty, naV-tV, a. dirty, fil;hy, obscene, 
Natal, na'-t&l, a. native, relating to 
nativity [ming 
Natation, na-u'-shun,$. the act of swim- 
Nation, na-shun, s. a people distinct 

from otheis 
National, nash'-6n-al,a. public, general 
Native, na'-tiv, a. produced by nature, 
natural, original, pertaining to the 
place of birth— s. one born in any 
Nativity, na-Uv'-Y-ty\ s. birth 
Natural, nat'-u-ral, a. produced or be- 
stowed by nature, illegitimate, ten- 
der, unaffected — s. an idiot [physics 
Naturalist, nat'-u-ra-llst, s. a student in 
Naturalization, nat-u ra-!t-za'-shun, s. 

the admission to native privileges 
Naturalize, nat-u-ra-li'ze, v. a. to admit 

to native privileges, to make easy 
Nature, na'-ture, s. the native state of 
any thing, the constitution of an ani- 
mated body, disposition of mind, the 
regular course of things, the compass 
of natural existence, natural affec- 
tion, state or operation of ihe mate- 
rial world, species 
Naval, naval, a. consisting of or be- 
longing to ships 
Nave, na've, s. part of a wheel, the 
middle part of a church [middle 

Navel, na-v'l, s. a paitof the body, the 
Naught,nat, a. bad, corrupt— s. nothing 
Naughty, na'-ty,a. bad,\vicked, corrupt 
Navigable, nav'-Y geb'l, a. capable of 

being passed in ships or boats 
Navigate, naV-lg-ate, v. n. to sail — v. a. 

to pass by ships or boats 
Navigation, uav-Y-ga'-shnn, s. the act of 
passing by water, the art of conduct- 
ing a ship at sea 
Navigator, nav-Y-ga'-tor, s. a seaman, a 
traveller by water [fight 

Naumachy, nV-ma-ky", s. a mock sea- 
Nausea, na'-shya, s. sickness of the 
stomach [squeamish — v. a. to loath 
Nauseate, na'-shate, v. n. to grow 
Nauseous, na-shus, a. loathsome, dis- 
Nautic, na'-tfk, or Nautical, na'-tfk-al, 

a. pertaining to ships or sailors 
Nautilus, na'-ttl-us, s. a shell-fish hav- 
ing oars and a sail 
Navy, na'-vy, *. an assembly of ships, a 

Nay, na. ad no, not only so but more 

Neaf, ne'fe, s- the fist [heat 

Neal, ne'lc, v. a. to temper by gradual 

Neap, ne'pe, a. low, wed only of the 

Near, neVc, a. nish, close, \ arsimoni- 
ous — ad. at hand, noc far, almost 

Neat, nete, s. black cattle, oxen— a 
elegant but witncut dignity, spruce, 
unadulterated ^ [cattle 

Neatherd, ne'te-herd,s\a keeper of black 

Neatness, net-lie's, s. cleanliness, ele- 
gance [mouth 

"Neb, n£b', s. the nose, the beak, the 

Nebulous, neV-u lus, a. misty, cloudy 

Necessaries, n£s'-essai-Yz, s. things not 
only convenient but needful 

Necessary, nfes-e's-sar-y, a. needful, fa- 
tal, unavoidable [necessary 

Necessitate, nesfe' Y-tate, v. a. to make 

Necessitated, ne-seV-sY-ta-ttd, a. in a 
state of want • 

Necessitous, ne-sfeV-si-tus, a. pressed 
with poverty, in want [need 

Necessitude, ne-ses'-sY tude, s. want, 

Necessity, ne-seV-sY-ttf,s. need. poverty,, 
compulsion, cogency 

Neck, n£k', 5. the part between the head 
and body, a long narrow part 

Neckcloth, neY-klbtn, s. a cloth foi 
men's necks 

Necklace, nek' las<?, s. an ornament 
worn by women on their necks 

Necromancer, nek'-i 6-man-ser, s. one 
who practises necromancy 

Necromancy, nek'-rd • man-sy', s. the art 
of revealing future events by com- 
munication with the dead 

Necromantic, n&k-ro-man'-tYk, a. re- 
lating to necromancy [the gods 

Nectar, neV-tdr, *. the feigned drink of 

Nectareous, ngk-ta-ryus, or Nectarine, 
neV-tar-Yne, a. sweet as nectar 

Nectarine, neV-tar-Yn, s. a fruit of the 
plumb kind 

Need, ne'de, s. exigency, want, dis- 
tressful poverty— v. a. to want, to 

Needle, ne'dl, s. a small steel instru- 
ment for sewiag, a small steel bar in 
the mariner's compass 

Needlemaker, ned'l-ma-ker, s. one who 
makes needles [with the needle 

Needlework, ne'd'1-wdrk, t. work don© 

Needs, n£'dz, ad. necessarily, by com- 
pulsion, indispensably 
R 3 

NEV - [ 186 ] NIG 

Sounds.— h£t, hate, hall, liar— met, desist, me, her— clrfn, chine, field, shirt- 

Needy, n&'-dy, a. poor, necessitous 

Nefarious, ne-fa'-ryus, a. wicked, abo- 

"Negation, ne-ga'-shun, s. denial 

Negative, neg'-&-tlv, a. denying — s. a 
proposition that denies 

Neglect, neg-le'kt', v. a. to omit by 
carelessness, to slight — s. inatten- 
tion, negligence 

Neglective, neg-leV-rtv, a. inattentive 
to or regardless of 

Negligence, neg'-l'i ge'ns, s. instance of 
neglect, habit of being negligent 

Negligent, negTi-dzhent, a. careless, 
habitually inattentive 

Negociate, nt-go'-shyate, v. n. to traf 
fie, to treat -with 

Negotiating, ne-go'-shya-tmg, a. trad- 
ing, employed in negotiation 

Negotiation, ne-go-shya-shun, s. treaty 

"■ of business, &c. 

Negotiator, ne-go-shya-t6r, s. one em- 
ployed to treat with others 

Negro, ne'-gro', s. a blackmoor 

Negus, ne'-gus, s. a mixture of wine, 
water, sugar, &c. 

Neigh, na', v. n. to make a noise like a 
horse— s. the voice of a horse 

Neighbour, na'-b6r, s. one who lives 
near another 

Neighbourhood , na'-b6r-hud, s. the place 
and people adjoining 

Neither, ne'-ther, a. not either 

Nephew, nev'-u, s. the son of a brother 
or sister 

Nephritic, ne-frft'-ik, a. belonging to 
the organs of urine, troubled with 
the stone, good against the stone 

Nerve, nerv*,*. an organ of sensation 

Nervous, n6rv'-vus,a. vigorous, relating 
to the nerves, having weak nerves 

Nescience, neV she, s, s.the state of not 
knowing, ignorance 

Nest, neV/, s. a t ird's bed for incuba- 
tion, an abode, bcxes of drawers — 
v. n. to build nests , [nest 

Nestegg, ngst'-eg *. an egg left in the 

Nestle, neV), v. n. to settle, to lie 
close— v. a. to house as in a nest, to 
cherish [hatched 

Nestling, nes'ltng, s. a bird just 

Net, nei', s. a texture with interstices 

Nether, ngth'-er, a. lower, infernal 

Nettle, net'l, s. a common stinging herb 
— v. a. to sting, to irritate 

Never, nev'-er, ad. at no time, in no 

Nevertheless, neV-er-the-les', ad. not- 
withstanding that 

Neuter, nu'-ter, or Neutral, nu'-tral, a. 
of neither party, indifferent 

Neutrality, nu trar-it-y\ s. the state of 
being neutral 

New, nu, a. fiesh, modern, not ancient 

Newfangled, nu-f ang-gl'd, a. foolishly 
fond of novelty 

Newfashioned, nu fash'-6nd, a. just 
come into fashion [thin.g 

News, nu'zp, s. a fresh account of any 

Newspaper, nti'ze-pa-per, s. a paper con- 
taining the news 

New), nu'te, s. an eft, a small lizard 

Next, ngkst', a. nearest in place or gj> 
dation [of a pe* 

Nib, riib', s. the bill of a bird, the point 

Nibbed, ntb'd', a. having a nib 

Nibble, nib'l, i>. a, to eat slowly— v. n. 
to bite at, to carp at [delicate 

Nice, ni'se, a. accurate, scrupulous, 

Niceness, nfse-ne's, s. delicacy, unne 
cessary exactness 

Nicety, hi'-se-ty, s. minute accuracy, 
delicate management, cautious treat- 
ment, a dainty [to stand in 

Niche, nftsh', s. a hollow for a statue 

Nick, nfk', s. exact point of time, v 
notch, a score— v. a. to hit, to cut in 
notches, to cozen 

Nickname, nfk'-name, s. a name given 
in scoff or contempt — v. a. to call by 
an opprobrious name [pheasants 

Nide, hi'de, s. a brood, as a brood of 

Nidorous, ni'-d6r-us, a. having the 
smell of roasted or burnt fat 

Niece, ni'se, r. the daughter of a brother 
or siser [nious — s. a miser 

Niggard, nYg'-gani, a. sordid, parsimo- 

Nigh, m', a. near, not far 

Night, ni'te, s. time of darkness, or 
from sun-set to sun-rise 

Nightfaring, nl'te-fa -ring, a. travelling 
in the night [vapour 

Nightfire, nite-ftre, s. a will-a-wisp, a 

Nightingale, ni'te •Yn-ge'l, s. a small bird 
that sings at nighc 

Nightman, ni'te-man, who empties 

Nightmare, ni'te mare, s. a morbid op- 
pression during sleep 

Nightpiece, ni'te pise, s. a picture so 
coloured as to be supposed to be 
seen by candle-light 

Nightrail, ni'te-rak, 5. a light kind of 
night dress 


L 187 ] 


shbt, note, 16se, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

+ <r-*-^r+* 

Nightwatch, ni'te watsh, s. a period of 
the ni^ht distinguished by change of 
the watch [biack 

Nigrescent, nl-gres'-sfent, a. growing 
Kill, nil', v. o. not to will, to refuse 
Nim, nfm', v. a. to steal, to filch 
Kimble, irtm'b'l, a. quick, active, ready 
Nimbiewii'.ed, nlm'b'1-wlt-ted, a. not 
at a loss for words [tnfler 

Nincompoop, nin'-kom-pop, 5. a fool, a 
Nine, ni J ue. .s. one more than eight 
Ninefold, nl'ne-fold, s- nine times re- 
peated [added 
Nineteen, nine-tene, a. nine and ten 
Ninety, ni'ne-ty\ a. nine times ten 
Ninny, nfn'-n^, or Ninny hammer, nYn'- 

ny-ham-mer, 5. a simpleton, a fool 
Ninth, ninth, a. what precedes the 

Nip, ntp', v. a. to pinch, blast, ridicule 
Nippers, nfp'-perz, s. small pincers 
Nipple, ntpl,$. a teat, a dug 
Nisi Prius, ni'-sl-pri-us, s. a law term 

for civil causes 
Kit, nit', s. the egg of a louse [nous 
*Nitid, ntt'-Vd, a. brighr, shining, lumi- 
Nitre, nl'-tcr, s. saltpetre 
Nitrous, ni'-trus, or Nitry, ni'-tr^, a. 

impregnated with nitre 
Nitty, ntt' ty, a. abounding with the 
eggs of lice [bling snow 

Niveous, ntv'-yus, a. snowy, resem- 
No, no , a. not any— ad. the word of 
denial [rank, dignity' 

Nobility, no-b'ii'-t-ty, s. persons of high 
Noble, no'b'l, A. illustrious, exalted, ge- 
nerous — s. one of nigh rank, an an 
cient gold coin valued at six shillings 
and eight pence 
Nobleman, nobi-man, s. one who is 
ennobled [collectively 

Nobless, no'-ble^ s. nobility, noblemen 
Nobody, no'-bbd y, s. no one, not any 
ono [ous 

Nocent, no'-sent, a. criminal, mischiev- 
Noctidial, nok-ttd'-yal, a. comprising a 

night and a day 
Noctuary, nbk'-tu ar-V, s. an account of 

what passes by night 
Nocturnal, nbk-tur' nal, a. nightly — i. 

an instrument 
Nocument, nbk-u-m&it, s. hurt.damage 
Nocuous, nbk'-u-us, a. hurtful 
Nod, nbd', v. n. to bend the head, to 

be drowsy 
Noddle, nb'd'l, s. the head, in derision 
Noddy, nbd'-djf, s. simpleton, ideot 

Node, no'dc, s. a knot, a knob, a swel. 
ling on the bone, an intersection 

Nodous, no' dus, a. knotty, full of knots 

Noggin, nog'-gtn, s. a small mug or cup, 
a quarter of a pint [clamour 

Noise, n<5f-z, s. any sound or outcry, 

Noisome, noY-som, a. noxious, otfen- 
sive, stinking [morous 

Noisy, not'-zy, a. sounding loud, cla. 

Nomenclator, no-mgn-kla'-tur, s. one 
who gives names 

Nomenclature, nom-Sn kla-ture, s. a 
naming, a vocabulary [not real 

Nominal, nbm'-f-nal, a. only in name, 

Nominate, nbm'-in-ate, v. a. to name, 
to appoint by name 

Nomination, nom-Yn-a'shun, S. the 
power of appointing 

Nominative, nom'-in-a-Wv, s. the first 
case in grammar [an office 

Nominee, nbm'-tn-6',s. one appointed to 

Nonage, nbn-a'dzh, s. minority in years, 

Non-appearance, nbn ap-pe r-gns, s. a 
default in not appearing in a court 
of judicature 

Nonconformist, nbn-kbn-fbrm'-ist, s a 
dissenter, one who does not conform 
to general customs [described 

Nondescript, ndn-de-skrfpt', a. not yet 

None, nun, a. not one, not any 

Nonentity, non-Su'-tY-ty 1 , s. non-exist- 
ence, an ideal thing 

Nones, nons, s. in the Roman calen- 
dar the 7th of March, May .July, and 
October, and 5th of the other months 

Nonesuch, nbn-satsh', $. an extraordi- 
nary person, &c. [tion of being 

Nonexistence, nbn-e'g-z'fe'-t.e'ns, s. nega- 

Nonjuring, nbn-dzhu'-rfng, a. refusing 
to swear allegiance 

Nonjuror, non dzha'-ror,s. one who re- 
fuses to swear allegiance to the pre- 
sent king 

Non-naturals, nbn-nat'-u-rals, s. the 
more immediate causes of diseases, 
as air, meat, drink, sleep, &c. 

Nonpareil, nbn-pa-rSl',s.a kind of apple, 
a small printing letter 

Nonplus, no n'- plus, s. a puzzle— v. a. 
*o confound, to puzzle 

Nonresidence, nbn-reV-l-dens, s. a fai- 
lure of residence 

Nonresistance, nou-re-sYst'-ens, $. pas. 
sive obedience 

Nonsense, non'-sens, s. unmeaning oi 
ungrammatical language, trifle* 


[ 188 ] 


Sounds.— hat, hate, hall, liar — me't, desist, m£, he>— chm, chiae, Held, shirt— 

Nonsensical, ntfn-se'n'-s'i-kal, a. unmean- 
ing, foolish [gal process 
Nonsuit, nftn'-sdte, v. a. to quash a le- 
Noodle, nd'd'J, s. a silly fellow, a sim- 
Nook, n&k\ s. a corner 
Noon, nft'ne, s. the middle of the day 
Noonday, n&'ne-da,or Noontide, none- 

tide, s. mid-day — a. meridional 
Noose, n&'ze, s. a running knot — v. a. 

to tie in a noose 
Nor, nor', conj. a negative particle 
North, no'rth, s. opposite the south 
Northerly, nb'r-ther-iy, or Northern, 
nfi'r-thern, a. being in or towards the 
North-star, no rth-sta'r, s. the polestar 
Northward, nb'rtft-ward, ad. towards 

the north 
Nose, noze, s. a prominence on the 

face — v. a. to scent, to smell 
Nosegay, no'ze-ga, 5. a bunch of flowers 
Nosle, noz'l, s. the extremity of any 
thing [of diseases 

Nosology,no-zbT-6-dzhy, s. the doctrine 
Nostril, nb$'-tril,s.the cavity in the nose 
Nostrum, nbVtrum, s. a medicine not 
yet made public . [or refusal 

Not, nbY, ad. the particle of negation 
Notable, noY-eVJ, a. remarkable, care- 
ful, bustling 
Notary, no-tar-^, s. one who protests 

bills, draws contracts, &c. 
Notation, nd-ta-shun, s. the act of not- 
ing, signification [thing, a nick 
Notch, notsh', s. a hollow cut in any 
Note, no'te, s. a mark, a written paper, 
notice, reputation, sound in music, 
explanatory annotation — v. a. to ob- 
serve, to attend to, to set do^n 
Noted, nd'-tecl, a. remarkable, eminent 
Nothing, noth-mg, s. non-existence, 
not any thing [mation 
Notice, nd'-tls, 5. a remark, heed, infor- 
Notification, nd-ti'-fl-ka'-shun,s. the act 
of making known [make known 
Notify, nbt'-t-fy, v. a. to declare, to 
Notion, no-shun, s. thought, sentiment, 
opinion [ideal, visionary 
Notional, no-sh6n-al, a. imaginary, 
Notoriety, no-td-ri' -e-ty, s. public know- 
ledge or exposure [known, evident 
Notorious, no-to'-ryus, a. publicly 
Notwithstanding, not-wtth-stan-dtng, 

conj. nevertheless 
Novation, no-va'-shun, s. introduction 
of something new 

Novel, noVel, a. new, not ancient, un- 
usual — s. a feigned story or tale 
Novellist, noVel-lst, s. writer of novels 
Novelty, nbV-el-ty, s. a thing unknown 
to former times [month of the year 
November, nd-vem'-ber, s. the eleventh 
Novercal, no- veY-kal, a. pertaining to a 
step-mother [dec- 

Novice, nov'-ts, s. an unskilful person, 
Noviciate, no-vlsh'-yate, 5. the state of 
a novice, the time in which the rudi 
ments are learned 
Nought, nat, s. not any thing 
Noun, ntiu'n, s. a name or substantive 
i* grammar [food, to foment 

Nourish, nur'-fsh, v. a. to support by 
Nourishment, nur'-Ysh-ment, 5. food, 
sustenance [at this time 

Now, now', s. the present moment — a. 
Nowadays, ntiw'-a-daz, ad. in the pre- 
sent age [place 
Nowhere, no'-hwa're, ad. not in any 
Nowise, no'-wlze, ad. not in any man- 
ner or degree [offensive 
Noxious, nok'-shus,a. hurtful, baneful, 
Nubble, nub'I, v. a. to bruise, to press 
with the knuckles [clouds 
Nubiferous nu-bYf'-er-6s, a. bringing 
Nubila;e, nu-btl ate, v. a. to cloud 
Nubilous, nu'-bil-us, a. cloudy, overcast 
Nuciferous, nustf'-er-us, a. bearing 

Nucleus, nu'-klyus, s. the kernel, any 

thing about which matter is gathered 
Nudity, nu'-dft-y, s. nakedness 
Nugacity, nu'-gas-tt-^, s. trifling talk or 

Nugatory, nu'-ga-tor-^, a. trifling, futile 
Nuisance, nu'-selns, s. something noxi- 
ous or offensive [meaning 
Null, nul', s. a thing of no power or no 
Nullify, nlil'-t-fy, v. a. to annul, to 
make void [existence 
Nullity, nul'-ltt-Jf, s. want of force or 
Numb, num.', a. torpid, chill, benumb- 
ing — v. a. to make torpid, to stupify 
Number, ntim'-ber, v. a. to count, to 
reckon — s. many, jdZ. harmony, poetry 
Numberless, ntim'-ber-le's, a mor§ than 

can be numbered 

Numerable, nu'-mer-eb'l, a. capable or 

being numbered [number 

NumeraJ, nu'-mer-al, a. 'elating to 

Numerary, nd'-mer-ar-^, a. belonging 

to a number 
Numeration, nu mer-a'-shun, s. the art 
of numbering 


r 189 j 


shbt, note, 16se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Numerator, nu'~me>-a-t6r, s. he that 
numbers, that number which mea- 
sures others [number, numeral 
"Numerical, nu-mer'-f-kal, a. denoting 
Numerist, nCi-mer-fst, s. one that de^ls 
in numbers [many, harmonious 
Numerous nu'-mer-us, a. containing 
Numskull, num'-sktil,*. adunce, a dolt 
H un, nun', s. a religious recluse woman 
Nunchion, nun'-shun, s. food eaten be- 
tween meals [the pope 
Nuncio, nun'-shyo, s. a messenger from 
Nuncupative, nun-ku'-pa-tfv,a.verbally 
pronounced [nuns 
Nunnery, nun'-ner-y, $. a convent of 
Nuptial, nup'-slial, a. pertaining to mar- 
Nuptials, niip'-shalz, s. marriage 
Nur3e, nttrsV s. a woman that takes 
care of a child or sick person — v. a. 
to bring up a child, to feed 
Nursery, ntir'-ser-^, s. a plantation of 
young trees to be transplanted, a 
place where young children are nurs- 
ed and brought up [fondling 
Nursling, nurs'-lYng, s. one nursed up, a 

Nurture, nur'ture, s. food, diet, edu- 
cation — v. a. to feed, to bring up 
Nustle, nus'l, v. a. to fondle, to cherish 
Nut, nut', s. a fruit of certain trees, 

part of a wheel 
Nutation, nu-ta'-shun, s. a kind of tre- 
I mulous motion of the eaith's axi* 
Nutgall, ntot'-gal, s. the excrescence of 
the oak [spice 

Nutmeg, nut'-meg, s. a warm Indian 
Nutrication, nu-tri-ka'-shtin, $. the man- 
ner of feeding [ment 
Nutriment, nu-trt-mfe'nt, s. food, a!i- 
Nutrimental, nu-trf-men'-tal, a. having 
the qualities of food [nourishing 
Nutrition, nu-tnsh'-tin, s. the quality of 
Nutritious, nu-trish'-us, or Nutritive, 
nu' trY-tlv, a. nourishing, nutrimental 
Nutshell, nut'-shel, s. the hard sub- 
stance that encloses the kernel of the 
nut [nuts 
Nut tree, nnt'-tr&, s. a tree that bears 
Nuzzle, nriz'l, v. a. to nurse, to foster 
Nymph, nymf, s. a goddess of the 
woods or meadows, a country girl, a 


OAF, o'fe, s. a changeling, a foolish 
fellow, an idiot 
Oafish, e'fe-ish, a. stupid, dull, doltish 
Oak, 6'ke, s. a tree or the wood of it 
Oakapple. 6'kc-ap'l, s. a spongy excres- 
cence on oaks [from oak 
Oaken, 6'k'n. a. made of oak, gathered 
Oakum, ok dm, s. cords untwisted and 

reduced to hemp 
Oar, ore, s. an instrument to row with 
— V. n. to row — v. a. to impel by 
rowing [oatmeal 

Oatcake, o'-te-kal-c, s. a cake made of 
Oaten, ot'n, u. made of or bearing oats 
Oath, o'th, s. an attestation, a solemn 

appeal to heaven 
Oatmalt, b'te-malt, s. malt, made of oats 
Oatmeal, 6'te-mele, s. the flour of oats 
Oats, 6'ts, s. a grain commonly given t© 

Obduracy, bb-dii'-ra s^, 5. hardness of 

heart, inflexible wickedness 
Obdurate, ob du'-rbt, a. nard hearted, 
impenitent [authority 

Obedience, o-bft'-dyens, s. submission to 

Obedient, o-be-dyent, a. submissive to 
authority [taining to obedience 

Obediential, ft-be-dyen'-shyal, a. per- 
Obeisance, o-be'-se'ns, s. a bow, an act 
of reverence [this markll 

Obelisk, bb'-eVisk, s. a sort of pyramid, 
Oberration, ob-er-ra'-shun , s. the act of 
wandering about [to comply with 
Obey, d-ba, v. a. to pay submission to, 
Object, bb'-dzhgkt, s. that about which 
we are employed [to oppose 

Object, ob dzhek't, v. a. to urge against, 
Objection, ob-dzheV-shun, s. a charge, 
an adverse argument [the object 

Objective, bb dzhfck'-tfv, a. relating to 
Objector, ob dsheV-tbr, s. one who ob- 
jects or opposes 
Obit, o-bYt,s. funeral obsequies 
Obituary, 6 blt'-Cbar-y, s. a register of 

the dead 
Objurgate, bb-dzhur'-gate, r. a. to re- 
buke, to reprove 
Objurgation, bb-dzhur-ga'-shun, s. re- 
Oblate, bb-la'te, a. flatted at the poles 

OBS [ 190 ] OBV 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her — chtn, chine, field, shirt — 

Oblation, bb-la-shun, s. an offering, a 
sacrifice [recreation 

Oblectation, bb-lgk-ta-shun, s. delight, 
Obligation, bb-lS-ga'-shihi, s. an engage- 
ment, favour, bond 
Obligatory, 8b"-lt-ga-tor'-y, a. binding, 

imposing obligation 
Oblige, 6-bli'dzh, v. a. to bind, to com- 
pel, to lay obligations of gratitude. 
to please [con 1 race 

Obligee, ob-lf-dzhe, s. one bound by 
Obliging, 6 bli'-dzhfng, part. a. civil, 
complaisant, binding [pendicular 
Oblique, fib lt'ke, a. not direct, not pe; - 
Obliquity, bb-ltk'-wft-\ f , s. deviation 
from physical or moral rectitude, not 
dii ect [to destroy 

Obliterate, bb M'-er lie, v. a. to efface, 
Obliteration, ob-Wt'-er a shun, s. efface- 

ment, extinction 
Oblivion, bb-liv' y6n, s. cessation of re- 
membrance, amnesty [getfulness 
Oblivious, bb-llv'-yus, a. causing for 
Oblong, bb'-lbng, a. longer than broad 
Obloquy, bb'-lb-kwy 1 , s. blame, slander, 

Obnoxious, bb-nbk'-shus, a. subject, 

liable to punishment, exposed 
Obnubilate, bb-nu'-bUate,v. a. to cloud, 
to obscure [grains 

C.jole, bb'-ole, s. in pharmacy twelve 
Obreption, bb-rep'-shtin, s. the act of 
creeping on [gusting, offensive 

Obscene, bb-se'ne, a. immodest, dis- 
Obscenity, bb-sen'-'i-ty', s. unchastity, 
lewdness [of darkening 

Obscuration, bb-sku-ra'-shun, s. the act 
Obscure, bb-sku're, a. dark, gloomy, ab- 
struse— t\ a. to darken, to perplex 
Obscurity, bb-sku'-rf-ty, s.want of light, 
an unnoticed state, darkness of mean- 
ing [cate earnestly 
Obsecrate, bb'-se-krate, v. a. to suppli- 
Obsecration, bb-se-kra-shun,s. entreaty, 

Obsequies, bb-se'-kwyz, s. funeral so- 
Obsequious, bb-s&'-kwyus, a. obedient, 

compliant, funereal 
Observance, bi>zer'-vens, s. attention, 

Observant, bb-zeY-vent, a. diligent, 

watchful, attentive 
Observation, bb-ser va'-shtin, s. the act 

of observing, a remark 
Observator, bb-ser-va-t6r, s. one that 
observes or remarks 

Observatory, bb-zeY-va-t6r-y, s. a place 
adapted for making astronomical ob- 
Observe, tfb-zerv', v. a. to watch, to re- 
gard attentively, to note, to obey — 
v. n. to be attentive [out of use 

Obsolete, bb'-so-lete, a. disused, grown 
Obstacle, tfb'-stak'l, s. hindr nee, ob- 
struction [midwife's office 
Obstetric, bb-stet'rtk, a. doing the 
Obstinacy), bb'-sti'-n&.sy>. stubbornness, 

Obstinate, bb-stf ne"t, a. stubborn, con- 
tumacious, nttexible 
Obstreperous, bb strep'-er-us, a. loud, 
clamorous, turbulent [tion, a bond 
Obstriction, bb-strtk'-shun, s. an obliga- 
Obstruct, bbstiakt', v. a. to hinder, to 

block up, to bar 
Obstruction, bb strtik'-shun, s. an hin- 
drance, an obstacle 
Obstructive, bb-strttk'-tYv, a. hindering, 
impeding — s impediment, obstacle 
Obstruent, bb'-stru-ent, a hindering, 

blocking up 
Obstupefaction, bb-stu-pe f Kk'shnn, *. 
stoppage of the exercise of the men- 
tal powers 
Obtain, ob-ta'ne, v. a. to gain, to ac- 
quire, to procure — v. n. to continue 
in use [pretend 

Obtend, bb-t&nd', v. a. to oppose, to 
Obtension bb-ten'-shtin, s. opposition, 
denial [supplicate 

Obtest, bb-test, v. a. to beseech, to 
Obtestation, bb-tSs-ta-shun,s. supplica- 
tion, entreaty [der, calumny 
Obtrectation, bb-tr£k-ta'-srmn, s. slan- 
Obtrude, bb tru'de, v. a. to thrust into 
any place or state by force or impos- 
ture [truding, forcing in or upon 
Obtrusion, bb-tra'-zhun, $. the act of ob- 
Obtrusive, bb-tru-slv, a. inclined to ob- 
trude on others [dull, to deaden 
Obtund, bb-tand' v. a. to blunt, to 
Obtuse, bb-tu'se, a. not pointed, blunt, 
dull, obscure [ling 
Obtusion, bb-tu' zhun, s. the act of dul- 
Obvention, bb-ven'-shtin, s. an inciden- 
tal advantage [spiritual fees 
Obventions, bb-ven'-shtnis, s. offerings, 
Obvert, bb-vert', v. a. to turn towards, 

Obviate, fib'-vyate, v. a. to prevent, to 

hinder, to oppose 
Obvious, bb'-vyus, a. open, plain, evi- 
dent, easily discovered 

OCT J. 191 ] 0FF 

shbt, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thkk. 

Obumbration, bb-um-bra'-shun, s. the 

act of darkening or clouding 
Occasion, bk-ka'-zhon, s. opportunity, 

accidental cause, incidental need— 

v. a. to cause, to influence 
Occasional, ok-ka-zhun-al, a. inciden- 
tal, casual 
Occecation, bk-se-ka-shun, s. the act of 

blinding, or making blind 
Occident, bk'-sl'-dgnt, s. the west 
Occidental, bk-sl-den'-tai, a. western 
Occipital, bk-s?p'* v it-al, a. placed in the 

occiput [of the head 

Occiput, bk'-s¥-put, 4. the hinder part 
Occluse, bk-klu'se, a. shut up, closed 
Occult, 6k ktilt', a. secret, hidden, un- 
Occupation, •bk-kul-ta'-shan. 5. the act 

of hiding; in astronomy, the time 

that a star or planet is hidden from 

our sight [possessing 

Occupancy, bk'-ku-pans^, s. act o. 
Ooeupant, bk'-ku-p6ut, s. he that takes 

Occupate, ok'-ku-pate, v. a. to take 

up, to possess, to ho'd 
Occupation, ok ku-pa shnn, s. a taking 

possessson, employment, business, 

trade [cupies 

Occupier, bk'-ku-pl-er, s. one who oc- 
Occupy, bk'-ku-py, v. a. to possess, to 

take up, to employ, to foliow r as a 

Occur, ok-kuY, v. n. to be remembered, 

to appear here and there 
Occurrence, ok kur'-r£ns, s. incident, 

any thing that happens 
Occursicm, bk-kur'-shtin, s. a clash, a 

mutual blow 
Ocean, o'-shan, s. the main, a great sea, 

any immense expanse 
Ochre, 6' ker, s. a kind of earth 
Ochreous, b'-kry'-us, a. consisting of 

ochre [sides and angles 

Octagon, bk'-t£-gon, s. a figure of eight 
Octangular, bk-tang'-u-lar, a. having 

eight angles [part of a circle 

Octant, bk'-tent, a. distant an eighth 
Octave, bY-tave, s. the eighth day after 

some festival, the interval of eight 

Octavo, bk-ta-vd, a. having each sheet 

folded into eight leaves 
Octennial, bk-tgn'-nyal, a. done or hap 

pening every eighth year, lasting 

eight years [of the year 

October, bk-to'-ber, s. the tenth month 

Octogenary, ok-to dzhe -na-p?, a. having 
the age of eighty years 

Ocular, bk'-u-lar, a. depending on the 
eye, known by the eye 

Oculist, bk'-u-ltst, s. one who cures dis- 
tempered eyes 


Odd, bd',a. not even,particular, uncouth, 

Odds, bd'z, s. more than an even wager, 

superiority, dispute [music 

Ode, 6'de, s. a poem to be sung to 

Odious, b'-dyus, a. hateful, exposed to 

ha p c invidious [tred, blame 

Odium, o'-dyum, s. invidiousness, ha- 

Odoriferous, b-do-r'lf '-er-us, a. giving 

scent, fragrant [ed 

Odorous, b dor-us, a. fragrant, peifum- 

Odour, o-dbr, s. scent good u* bad, 

OZconomics, e-ko-nbrn'-Yks, s. manage- 
ment of household affairs 
OZconomist, l-kbn'-o-mVst, s. a good ma- 
nager [bandry 
OZconomy, e-kbn'-6-my, s. good hus- 
GEcumenical, £-ku-me'n'-ik-al,a. general, 

O'er, ore, contracted from Over 
Oesophagus, e-sof '-a-gus, 5. the gullet 
Of, ft?', pr. belonging to, among, con- 
cerning [not toward 
Off, bf ', ad. signifying distance, from, 
Offal, bf '-fal, 5. waste meat, carrion, 

Offence, bf-fens', s. a crime, a trans- 
gression, injury, displeasure given or 
Offend, bf-fgnd', v. a. to make angry, to 
assail, to injure— v. n, to transgress 
the law, to cause anger 
Offender, bf-f gn'd-er, s. one who does 

an injury, a criminal 
Offensive, bf-f en'-sfv, a. displeasing, in- 
jurious, hurtful 
Offer, bf '-fe>, v. a. to present, to exhi- 
bit, to sacrifice, to bid as a price, to 
attempt, to propose— 5. a proposal, 
an endeavour, a price bidden 
Offering, bf'-fer-fng, s. a sacrifice 
Offertory, bf '-fer-tor-?, *. a thing offer- 
ed, the act of offering 
Office, bf'-fts, 5. public employment, 


Officer, bf-fi'-se'r, s. one in office, a 

commander, one wno apprehends 

criminals [commanders 

I Officered, bf '-fY-serd, a. supplied with 

' Official, bf-ffsh'-al, a. pertaining to an 

office—*, an arch-deacon's deputy 


r 192 ] 


Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her — chm, chine, field, shirt — 

Officiate, of-fTsh'-yate, v. n. to dis- 
charge an office, to perform duty for 
another [longing to a shop 

Officinal, bf-f is'-i-nal, a. used in or be- 
Officious, bf*f ish'-us, a. kind, too at- 
Offing, bf '-f i'ng, s. the act of steering to 

a distance from the land 
Offset, of '-sgt, s. a sprout, the shoot of 

a plant 
Offspring, bf '-sprYng, 5. any thing pro- 
pagated or generated, children 
Oft, oft, or Often, 6'ft'n, ad. frequent- 
ly, many times [moulding 
Ogee, 6 dzhe', architecture, a sort of 
Ogle, 6'g'l, v. a. to view with side 
glances [son ow, or surprise 
Oh, o', interj. an exclamation of pain, 
Oil, 6Y1, s. the expressed juice of 

olives, &c. 
Oilcolour, bi'I-ko.-br, s. colour made by 

grinding substances in oil 
Oilman, oYl-man, s. a dealer in oils, 
pickles, &c. [and pickles are sold 

Oilshop, oil-shop, s. a shop where oils 
Oily, ol'l-y, a. consisting of oil, fat, 
greasy [salve 

Ointment, bi'nt-ment, s. an unguent, a 
Old, 6'ld, a. ancient, advanced in age, 

not new 

Oldfashioned, 6'ld-fash-6nd, a. obsolete, 

out of fashion [unctuous 

Oleaginous, b-le-adzh'-i'n-us, a. oily, 

Olfactory, bl-fak'-tor y, a. having the 

sense of smelling 
Oligarchical, bl^-ga'r-k'i'-kal a. pertain- 
ing to an oligarchy 
Oligarchy, br-f-gar-ky, s. a form of go- 
vernment which places the supreme 
power in the hands of a few, an aris- 
tocracy [ley 
Olio, o'-iyo, s. a hotch-potch, a med- 
Olive, bT-tv, s a tree or its fruit, the 
emblem of peace [played by three- 
Ombre, a'm-ber, s. a game of cards 
Omega, o-m&'ga, s. the last letter of 
the Greek alphabet [made with eggs 
Omelet, om'-Iet, s. a kind of pancake 
Omen, o'-men, s. a good or bad sign, a 

Omentum, o-men'-tum, s. the cawl 
Omer, o'-mer, $. an Hebrew measure 
containing about three pints and a 
half English [inauspicious 

Ominous, om'-fn-us, a. foreshewing ill, 
Omission, o-mlsh'-un, s, a neglect of 

Omit, 6-mft, v. a. to leave out, to 

Omninc, bm-nYf'-ik, a. all-creating 
Omuiform, om'-ni form,«.having every 
shape [power 

Omnipotence, bm-ntp'-6t^ns,?.almighty 
Omnipotent, bm-a'ip-6-t^nt,a. almighty, 

Omnipresent, bm-n'i-pre'z'-e'nt.a. present 
in every place [knowledge 

Omniscience, bm-nfsh'-yens, s. infinite 
Omniscient, om-nlsh'-ent, a. infinite, 
knowing all [off 

On, on', prep, upon— ad. forward, not 
Once, w6ns\ ad. one time, a single 
time, formerly [single person 

One, won', a. one of two, single — s. a 
One-eyed, wbn'-ide, a. having only one 
eye [terpreter of dreams 

Oneirocritic, b-nl-ro-krYt'-fk, s. an in 
Onerate, on'-er-ate, v. a. to load, to 
burden [pressive 

Onerous, bn'-er-us, a. burdensome, op- 
Onion, bn'-ybn, s. a common plant 
Only, 6'n 1?, a. single, one and no 
more — ad. simply, barely [a storm 
Onset, bn'-seH, 9. an attack, an assault, 
Ontology, on tol'-b-dih$, s. metaphy- 
sics, science of the affections of being 
in general [forward 

Onward, on'-ward, ad. progressively, 
Onyx, d'-n^ks, s. a clear valuable gem 
Ooze, b'ze, s. soft mud, slime, soft flow 
— v. 7t. 10 run gently, to flow by 
Oozy, o'-z^, a. miry, muddy, slimy 
Opacity, o-pus-tt-V, s. want of transpa- 
rency, darkness 
Opacous, 6-pa'-kus, a. obscure, not 
• transparent [various colours 

Opal, 6'-pal,s.a precious stone reflecting 
Opaque, d-pa'ke, a. not transparent, 

dark, cloudy 
Open, b'p'n, v. a. to unloose, to unlock, 
to divide, to begin— a. unclosed, not 
shut, plain, apparent, sincere, expos- 
ed to view [ful 
Openeyed, o p'n-ide, a. vigilant, watch- 
Openhanded, op'n-han'-de'd, a. genei 
ous, liberal [candid 
Openhearted, op'n ha'r-t^d,a. generous, 
Opening, 5'p-nlng, s. an aperture, a 

breach, the dawn 
Openly, op'n-iy, ad. plainly, evidently, 

without iisguise 
OpenmouthedjOp'n-mbu'thd, a. greedy 


r m ] 


shbt, note, lose, actor — hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Opera, ftp -er-a, s. a musical entertain- 
Operant, bp'-er-£nt, a. active, able to 
produce [duce effects 

Operate, Kp'-er Ite , V. n. to act, to pro- 
Operatical, bp-er-aY-tk-al, a. belonging 
to an operation [fluence, effect 

Opeiation, op-er-a-shun, s. agency, in- 
Operative, bp'-er-a-t l iv, a. having the 

lower of acting 

Operator, bp'-er-a-tor, s. one that per- 

forms any act of the hand, one who 

produces any effect 

Operose,bp-er-b'se, a. laborious, full of 

trouble [the eye 

Ophthalmic, of-ttaT-mtk, a. relating to 

Ophthaimy, of ' thal-my 1 , s. a disease of 

the eyes [sleep 

Opiate, o py&t, 5. a medicine that causes 

Opiniative, b-pm'-yat-lv, a. stubborn, 

Opinion, o-pfn'-yon, s. persuasion of the 
mind without proof, sentiment, no- 
Opinionative, opto-yon'-a-tiv, a. fond 

of preconceived notions, stubborn 
Opium, 6'-pyum,s. the juice oflurkish 

Oppone, bp-pone, u. a. to oppose 
Opponent, bp-pb'-nent, a. opposite, ad- 
versers, an antagonist, an adversary 
Opportune, op-pbr tu ne, a. seasonable, 
convenient [time, couvenience 

Opportunity, bp-pbr-tu'-nit-y,s. fit place, 
Oppose, bp-poze, v. a. to act against, 

to hinder, to resist 
Opposite, bp'po-zft, a. placed in front, 
facing, adverse— s. an adversary, an 
Op osition. bp-po-zlsh'-tin, s. hostile re- 
sistance, contrariety of interest, con- 
duct, or meaning 
Oppress, bp-pr£s', v. a. to crush by 

hardship, to subdue 
Oppression, bp-presh'-un, s. the act of 
oppressing, cruelty, severity, dulness 
of spirits " : justly severe, heavy 

Oppressive, Bp-preV-sfv, a. cruel, un- 
Oppressor, op-pres'-sor, s. one who ha- 
rasses others 
Opprobrious, bp-prb'-brynis, a. re- 
proachful, disgraceful, vile 
Opproorium, bp-pro'-bry'-urn, s. dis 
grace, rnt'amy [attack 

Oppugn, bp-pfr'nf, v. a. to oppose, to 
Oprable, ttp'-teb'l, a. desirable, to be 

Optative, bp'-ta-tfv, a. expressive of 

Optic, bp'-flk,/?. visual, relating to vision 

— s. an instrument or organ of sight 
Optician, bp-tish'-an, s. one skilled in 

Optics, bp'-ttks, s. the science of vision 
Optimacy, bp'-tfrn-as-^, s. nobility, the 

body of nobles [choosing 

Option, bp'-shtin, s. choice, power of 
Opulence, op'-Cl-lens, s. wealth, afflu- 
ence, riches [affluent 
Opulent, bp'-u l&nt, a. rich, wealthy, 
Or, br', conj. either 
Oracle, br'-ak'i, s. something delivered 

by supernatural wisdom, one famed 

for wisdom 
Oracular, o-rak'-u-l&r, or Oraculous, 

o-r'ak' u-lus, a. uttering oracles 
Oraison, br'-l-zOn, s. a prayer 
Oral, o'-ral, a. delivered by mouth, not 

written [fruit 

Orange, or' fendzh, s. a 'well-known 
Orangery, b-ra'n-zher-y, s„ a piantat.on 

of orange trees 
Oration, 6-ra-shun, s. a discoursa or 

speech pronounced in public 
Orator, br'-a-tor, s. an eloquent public 

Oratorical, br-&-tbr'-?k-al, a. rhetorical, 

befitting an orator 
Oratory, br' a-tbr-^, 5. eloquence, rhe- 
torical skill [a wheel, the eye 
Orb, b'rb, s. a sphere, a circular body, 
Orbicular, br-blk'-u-lar, a. spherical, 

Orbit, b'r-brt, s. the path of a planet 
Orchard, b'r-tshard, s. a garden of fruit 

Orchestra, br-kes'-trS, or Orchestre 

b'r-kgs-ter, s. a gallery or place 

where musicians play in 
Ordain, br-da'ne, v. a. to appoint, to 

establish, to invest with ministerial 

function [water 

Ordeal, o'r-dyal, s. a trial by fire or 
Order, o'r-der, s. a method, a mandate, 

a rule, a rank, a religious or military 

fraternity — v. a. to regulate, to com 

mand, to ordain — v. n. to give com 

mand or direction 
Orders, b'r-ders, s. state of the clergy 
Ordinal, b'r-dln-al, a. noting order — s. 

a ritual 
Ordinance, b'r dtn-ens, s. a law, a rule, 

an appointment 
I S 


[ m ] 


Sounds. — hiit, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m6, heV — ctrin, chine, field, shirt- 

Ordinary, b'r-dm-ar-^, a. established, 
regular, common, mean, ugly — s. an 
ecclesiastical judge,asettledestablish- 
ment [eating at a certain price 

Ordinary, b'rd-nar-y, s. a place for 
Ordinate, 8'r -di-nate, v. a. to appoint 
Ordinate, b'r-din-et, a. regular, me- 
thodical [of ordaining 
Ordination, o'r-dVna"-shan, s. the act 
Ordnance, b'rd nehs, s. cannon, heavy 

Ordonnance, b'r-db-nehs, s. the dispo- 
sition of figures in a picture 
Ordure, b'r-d&re, s. animal dung, filth 
Ore, b're, s. metal in its mineral state 
Orgal, br'-gdl, s. lees of wine 
Organ, (5'r-gan, s. a natural or musical 

Organic, br-gan'-fk, a. acting as instru- 
ments of nature or art, respecting 
organs [on the organ 

Organist, br'-gdn-^st, 5. one who plays 
Organization, b'r-g& rii-za'-shun, s. the 
act of organizing, a due construction 
of parts 
Organize, b'r-ga-nize, v. a. to construct 
so that one part co-operates with an- 
other [frantic revels 
Orgies, b'r-dzhyz, s. rites of Bacchus, 
Orient, o'-ryeht, a. rising as the sun, 

eastern, bright — 5. the east 
Oriental, o-rygn'-ttl, a. eastern, pro- 
ceeding from the east — 5. an inhabi- 
tant of the east [ration 
Orifice, or'-f-f Is, s. an opening or perfo- 
Origin, br-Ydzh'-fn, s; beginning, source, 

Original, 6-ridzh'-in-£l, a. primitive, 

pristine, first — s. the first copy 

Originate, o-rtdzh'-tn-ate, v . a. to bring 

into existence [cation 

Orisons, or'1-z6ns, s. a prayer, a suppli- 

Orlop, br'-16p, s. the middle deck of a 

Ornament, b'r-na mgnt, s. embellish- 
ment, decoration — v. a. to embellish, 
to decorate [embellishment 

Ornamental, b'r-na men"-tal, a. giving 
Ornate, b'r-na t<?, a. bedecked, decorated 
Ornithology, b'r-n?-tfrbl"-d-dzhy, s. a 

discourse on birds 
Orphan, b'r-fan, s. a child who has lost 
father or mother or both — a. bereft 
of parents [an orphan 

Orphanage, 6'r-fan-eclzh, s. the state of 
Orpiment, b'r-pl-ment, s. a kind of mi- 
neral, yellow arsenic 

Orrery, bY-e>-y, s. an instrument which 

represents the revolutions of the hea- 

venly bodies [plant 

Orris, bV-rts, and silver lace, a 

Orthodox, b'r-thd-dbks, a. sound in opj. 

nion and doctrine 
Orthodoxy, 6'r-tho-dbk-s^, s. soundness 

in doctrine, &c v 

Orthographer, b'r-thbg-raf-er, s. one who 

spells rightly [rightly spelled 

Orthographical, b'r-tn6-graf"-ik-al, a. 

Orthography, b'r-thbg-raf-y, s. the part 

of grammar which teaches how words 

should be spelled, the elevation of a 

building delineated 

Ortive, b'r-tfv, a. relating to the rising 

of a planet or star [bird 

Ortolan, b'r-t61-an, s. a delicate small 

Ores, o'rts, s. refuse, fragments 

Oscillation, bs-sil-la' shun, s. the act of 

moving backward and forward like a 

pendulum [like a pendulum 

Oscillatory, bs'-sil'-la x6r-f, a. moving 

Oscitant, bs'-si-teht, a. yawnish, sleepy, 

sluggish *[kissing 

Osculation, bs-ku-la'-shtin, s. the act of 

Osier, o'-zhyer, s. a tree of the willow 

kind [of bone 

Osseous, bs-shyus, a. bony, consisting 

Ossicle, bs'-stk'l, s. a small bone 

Ossific, os-sif '-tk, a. having the power 

of making or changing bones 
Ossification, os-st-ft-ka -shun, s. a change 

into bony substance 
Ossify, bs'-si-fy, v. a. to change to bone 
Ostensible, tts-ten'-sWl, a. that may be 
shown, apparent [tokening 

Ostensive, bs-teh'-slv, a. showing, be- 
Ostent, bs-ttfnt', s. air, manner, snow , a 
prodigy [ward or vain show 

Ostentation, bs-teh-ta'-shun, s. an out- 
Ostentatious, bs-teh-ta'shus, a. vain, 

boasting, fond of show 
Osteology, bs-te-bl'-d dzhy*, s. a descrip- 
tion of the bones 
Ostiary, bs'-tyar-y", s. the opening at 

which a river disembogues itself 
Ostler, bs'-ler, s. one who takes care of 

Ostracism, bs-tra-sfzm, s. a passing sen- 
tence by ballot, banishment, public 
censure by shells 
Ostrich, bs'-tritsh, s. a very large bird 
Other, 6th'-er, a . not the same, different 
Otherwise, 6th'-er-wlze, ad. in a differ- 
ent manner 
Otter, bt'-ter, s. an amphibious animal 


L 195 


shtit, note, 16se, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Oval, 6-val, a. oblong, shaped .ike an 

egg — s. what has the shape of an egg 
Ovarious,6-va -ryusjor. consisting of eggs 
Ovary, o'-var-^, s. the seat of eggs or 

Ovation, 6-va-shun, s. a lesser kind of 

triumph among the Romans 
Oven, 6Vn, s. a place to bake bread in 
Over, 6-ver, prep, and ad. above, a- 

cross [than enough 

Overact, 6-ver-akt, v. a. to act more 
Over-balance, 6'-ver-bal"-ens, v. a. to 

weigh down [to keep in awe 

Overbear, 5-ver-bare, v. a. to repress, 
Over-bid, 6-ver-bfd', v. a. to offer more 

than equivalent [of the ship 

Over-board, 6-ver-bord, ad. off or out 
Over-burden, 6-ver-bur'd'n, v. a. to load 

with too great a weight 
Over-carry, o'-ver-kar'-r^, v. a. to carry 

too far 
Over cast, 6-ver-kast, v. a. to cloud 
Over-charge, 6-ver-tsha'rdzh, v. a. to 

oppress, to fill too full, <Vc. 
Overcloud, 6 ver klbud', v. a. to cover 

with clouds 
Overcome, 6 ver-k6m', v. a. to subdue 
)ver-count, 6 ver-koun't, v. a. to rate 

above the true value [enough 

Over-do, 6-ver-do, v. a. to do more than 
Over-drive, 6-ver-dn ve, v. a. to drive 

too hard, or fast 
Overflow. 6-ver-no', v. a. to overrun 
Overflowing, 6-ver-fl6'-ing, s. copious- 
Over-fond, 6-ver-ftfn'd, a. too fond 
Over-< rowth, 6-ver-groth. s. exuberant 

growth [jut over 

Over-hang,6 ver-hans\ project, to 
Over-haul, o-ver-hal', v. a. to unfold 

an assemblage of tackle 
Overhead, d-ver-he'd', ad. aloft 
Over-hear, 6-ver-he're, v. a. to hear se- 
cretly [much 
Over-heat, 6 ver-he'te, v. a. to heat too 
Over-joy, 6-vt'r-dzhby, v. a. to affect 

with too much joy [den 

Over-lade, o-ver-la'de, v. a. to overbur- 
Over-lay, 6-ver-la, v. a. to cover, to 

oppress by too much weight or 

power, to smother by lying upon 
Over-leap, 6-ver-le pe, v. a. to pass by, 

a jump [with too much 

Over-load, 6 ver-lo de, v. a. to burden 
Over-long, 6-ver-lbng', a. too long 
Over-look, 6-ver-lok', v. a. to neglect, 
to peruse, to pass by indulgently 

Over-match, 6-ver-mKtsh', s. one of su- 
perior powers [great degree 
Over-much, 6-ver-mutsh', ad. in too 
Over-night,6-vtr-ni'te,s.the night before 
Over-pass, 6-*er-pas, v. a. to omit 
Over-pay, 6-ver-pa', v. a. to reward be- 
yond the price 
Overplus, 6 ver-plus', s. surplus 
Overpoise, 6-ver pttfz', v. a. to outweigh 
Over power, 6 ver-pSw'-er, v. a. to op- 
press by superiority 
Over-press, 6 ver-preV, v. a. to crush 
Over-prize, 6 ver-pri'ze, v. a. to value 

at too high a price 
Over-rank, 6-v^r-ra'nk, a. too ranl< 
Over-rate, o-ver-rate, v. a. to rate too 

Over-reach, 6 ver-retsh', v. a. to deceive 
Over-reckon, o-ver-reVn, v. a. to 

reckon too much 
Over-ride, 6-ver-ride, v. a. to ride a 

horse beyond his strength 
Over-ripen, 6-ver-ri'p'n, v. a. to make 
too ripe [much 

Over-roast, 6-ver-rost', v. a. to roast too 
Over-rule, 6-ver-rul', v. a. to superin- 
tend, to dissuade, to supersede 
Over-run, 6-ver-ron', v. a. to ravage, to 
cover all over, to pester [to omit 
Oversee. 6-ver-s&', v. a. to superintend, 
Overseer, 6-ver-se'r, 5. a parish officer 
who has the care of the poor, a super- 
Overset, 6-ver-s^t', v. a. to overturn 
Over-shade. 6-ver-shade, v. a. to cover 
with darkness [shelter 

Overshadow, 6-veV-shad'-6, v. a. to 
Over-shoot, 6-veY-shot'e, v. a. to fly be- 
yond the mark 
Oversight, 6-ver-sTte, s. a mistake, error 
Over-size, 6-ver-size, v. a. to surpass in 
bulk [long 

Over-sleep, 6-ver sl&p', v. a. to sleep too 
Oxerslip, 6-ver-sh'p', v. a. to neglect 
Over spread, o-ver-spr&T, v. a to cover 
Over-stock, 6-verstoV, v. a. to crowd 
Over-strain, 6-ver-stra'ne, v.a. to stretch 
too far [rule 

Over-sway, 6-ver-swa', v. a. to over 
Over swell, 6-ver-sweT, v. a. to risf 
above [ren* 

Overt, 6'-vert, a. open, public, appa 
Overtake, 6-ver-take, v. a. to come uf 

with in a pursuit 
Overthrow, 6 vei-tfrro', v. a. to over 
turn, to demolish, to defeat to ruin 

OUT r 19 6 ] OUT 

Sounds — h&t, hate, hall, liar — mgt, desist, me, her— chfn, chine, field, shirt. — 

Overthwart, 6-ver-tna'rt, a. opposite. 

crossing perpendicularly, perverse — 

prep, across Overtake 

Overtook, Q-ver-toV, prep. and pari, of 

Overtop, 6-ver-tbp', v. a. to rise above, 

to surpass, to excel [ly over 

Overtrip, 6-ver-*rtp', v. a. to walk light 

Overture, o'-ver-ture, s. an opening, a 

discovery, a proposal 
Overturn, o-ver-turu', v. a. to throw 

down, to overpower, to ruin 
Overvalue, 6-ve>-vaT-u, v. a. to rate at 

too high a price 
Overveil 6-ver-v7\'le, v. a. to cover over 
Overween, 6-ver-we'ne, v. n. to think 

too highly, to be proud 
Overwhe'm, 6-ver-wh£lm', v. a. to crush 

underneath, to fill too much 
Ought, a't, s. any thing, something 
Oviform, 6'-vf-fb'rm,a. having the shape 
of an egg , . [eggs 

Oviparous, o-vfp'-ar-us.a. bringing forth 
Ounce> buns, s. a weight, a lynx, a pan- 
3ur, ou'r, a. of or belonging to us 
Ourselves ,bur-sblv'z, s. our very persons 
Ousel, 6'z'l, s. a blackbird 
Oust, dust', v.a . to vacate, to take away 
Out, but', ad. not within, not at home, 
loudly, without restraint, at a loss, 
in a puzzle— interj. an expression of 
abhorrence or expulsion 
Outact, out-Kkt', v, a. to do beyond, to 

Outbalance, but-bal'-e'ns, v. a. to pre- 
ponderate, to outweigh [price 
Outbid, but-bfd', v. a. to bid a higher 
Outbound, but'-bbund, a. destined to a 
„ distant voyage 

Outbrave, but-brave, v. a. to bear down 
and disgrace by more insolent or 
splendid appearance 
Outbrazen, but-bra'z'n, v. a. to bear 

down by impudence 
Outbreak, buf-br&ke, 8. an eruption 
Outcast, but'-kast, s. an exile, one ex- 
pelled [cunning 
Outcraft, out-kraft', v. a. to excel in 
Outcry, but'-kry, s. a cry of distress, 
noise, clamour [yond 
Outdare, but da're, v. a. to venture be- 
Outdate, but-da'te, v. a. to put out of 

date, to antiquate 

Outdo, outdo', v. a. to excel, to surpass 

Outer, but'-er, a. that which is without, 

outward - [down 

Outface, but-fa'se, v.a. to brave, to stare 

Outfawn, but-fan, v. a. to e>:eel in 

fawning [ting out a ship 

Outfit, but'fit, s. actor e^ence of fit- 

OutHy, but fly', v. a. to leave behind in 

Outgate, but gate, s. an outlet 
Outgeneral, out'-dzhe'n eral, v. a. to 
beat by dint of skill [giving 

Outgive, but-g?v', v. a. to surpass in 
Outgo, but-go , v. a. to surpass, to ex- 
cel, to circumvent 
Outgoing, out-go'-lng, s. the act or state 
of going out [growth 

Outgrow, but gro , v. a. to surpass in 
Outguard, but-ga'rd, s the advanced 

Outhouse, but'-hbuse, s. a building de- 
tached from a dwelling, a hovel 
Outknave, out nave, v. a. to surpass in 
knavery [native 

Outlandish, but-lan'-dVsh, a. foreign,not 
Outlaw, but la, s. one excluded from 
the benefit of the law — v. a. ro de- 
prive of the benefits and protection 
of the law 
Outlawry, buf-la-ry\ s. a decree by 
which one is cut off from the com- 
Outleap, but-le'pe, v. a. to surpass in 
leaping [ter than another 

Outlearn, but-ler'n, v. a. to learn fas- 
Outlet, Butf-let, s. the passage or dis- 
charge outwards 
Outline, but'-line, s. the line by which 
any figure is defined, contour, extre- 
mity [live beyond 
Outlive, but'-lYv, v. a. to survive, to 
Outlook, but-lok', v. a. to browbeat 
Outlying, but'-ly ¥ii£* part. a. exceed* 
inr; others in lying, not in the course 
of order [ceed in measure 
Outmeasure, bfit-me'zh'-ur, v. a. to ex- 
Outmarch, but ma'rtsh, v. a. to leave 

behind in the march 
Outmost, but most, a. the remotest 

from the middle 
Outnumber, but-num'-ber v. a. to ex- 
ceed in number [leave behini 
Outpace, bfit-pa'se, v. a. to outgo, to 
Outparish, but'-par-tsh, s. a parish with- 
out the walls 
Outprize, out-prize, v. a. to exceed in 

the value set upon it 
Outrage, bu^'-re'dzh, ft, open violence, 

tumultuous mischef 
Outrageous, but ra-dzhus, a. violent, 
furious, excessive 

VAC • [ 197 ] PAC 

shot, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Outreach, but-re'tsb, v. a. to go beyond, 
to cheat [ing 

Outride, but-ri'de, v. a. to pass by rid- 
Outright, out-rite, ad. without delay, 
completely [roaring 

Outroar, but-ro're, v. a. to exceed in 
Ourrode, but'-rode, s. an excursion 
Outroot, out-ro'te, v. a. to extirpate, to 
eradicate [in running 

Outrun, but-rnn', v. a. to leave behind 
Outsail, bfit-sa'ie, v. a. to leave behind 
in sailing [higher price 

Outseh, but-seT, v. a. to sell for a 
Outshine, btit-shi'ne, v. a. to emit lus- 
tre, to excel in lustre 
Outshoot, but'-shbte, v. a. to exceed in 

shooting, to shoot beyond 
Outside, but'-slde, s. the external part, 
show, utmost [proper time 

Outsleep, but-sle pe, v.a. to sleep beyond 
Outspread, but-sprfe'd', v. a. to extend, 
. to diffuse 

Outstanding. but-stan'-dfng, a. stand- 
ing beyond, not yet gotten in 
Outstare, but-sta're, v. a. to facedown, 
to brow-beat [to spread out 

Outstretch, bat-str£tsh', v.a. to extend, 
Outstrip, out'-strtp', v. a. to outgo, to 
leave behind [by swearing 

Outswear, but-sware, v.a. to overpower 
Outtalk, but-tak, v. a. to overpower by 

Outtongue, oat-t6ng', v. a. to bear 
down by noise [in price 

Outvalue, butvaT-u, v. a. to transcend 
Outvie, but-vy', exceed,to surpass 
Outvote, but-vo te, v. a. to conquer by 

a plurality of votes 
Outwalk, but-wak, v.a. to leave be I 
hind in walking [of a building 

Outwall, but-waP, s. the outward part 
Outward, but'-ward, a. external, fo- 
reign, apparent— s. external form- 
ad. to foreign or outer parts 

Outwards, out'-wardz, ad. towards the 

Outwear, but wa're, v. a. to pass tedi- 
ously, to wear beyond 

Outweigh, &ttt-way", v. a. to exceed in 
weight or influence 

Outwit, but-wtt', v. a. to overcome by 

Outwork, out'-work, v. a. to do more 
work— 5. external of a fortification 

Outworn, but-wo'rn, part, destroyed by 
use or age [for 

Owe, 6', v. a. to be indebted or obliged 

Owing, o'-lng, part. a. consequential, 
imputable to as an agent 

Owl, bw'l, or Owlet, ow'-let, s. a bird 
that flies by night 

Owler, bw'l-er, s. one who carries con- 
traband goods [avow 

Own, one, v. a. to acknowledge, to 

Owner, 6'rie-er, s. one to whom any 
thing belongs 

Ox, bks', s. a general name for black 
cattle, a castrated bull 

Oxen, bks'n, plur. of Ox 

Oxlip, bks'-sltp, s. the Cowslip 

Oxycrate, bk'-^-kr^t, s. a mixture of 
water and vinegar 

Oxygen, bks'-^-dzhen, s. the principle 
that produces acids, the basis of that 
part of atmospheric air which sup- 
ports life and combustion 

Oxygenate, bks-Idzh'-en-ate, v. a. to im- 
pregnate with oxygen 

Oxygenous, bks-idzh'-en-us, a. of the 
nature of oxygen [gar and honey 

Oxymel, bk'-sy-mel, s. mixture of vine- 

Oyer, o'-^er, s. court of oyer and ter- 
miner is a judicature where causes 
are heard and determined 

Oyes, o'-tfes, s. hear ye 

Oyster, bVs'-ter, s. a bivalve shell fish 

Oysterwoman, byV-ter-wtim-an, s. one 
who sells oysters, a low noisy woman 

PABULAR, paV-u-ia>, a. affording 
Pabulous, pab'-u-lus, a. alimental 
Pabulum, pab'-u-lum, s. food, support 
Pace, pase, s. step, gait, a measure of 
five feet — v. ??. to move slowly— 
v. a. to measure by steps 

Pacific, paVif '-tk, a. mild, gentle, ap 
peasing [of making peace 

Pacification, paWf-t-ka-shon, s. the act 

Pacificator, p&s-lf-f-ka'-t6r, s. a media- 
tor, a peace-maker [quiet 

Pacify, pas'-f-fy, v. a. to appease, tn 

PA1 [ 19s J PAC 

Sounds. — hat, bate, hall, liar — m£t, desist, me:, her — chfn, chine, field, shirt — • 

Pack, pak', s. a large bundle of any 
thing, a burden, a set of cards, a 
number of hounds, &c. — v. a. to 
bind up for carriage, to sort the 

Package, pak' e'dzh, s. what troods, &c. 
are packed in, duty 01 charee for 
packing [which goods are tied up 

Packcloth, puk'-kl5tfc, s. a cloth in 

Packer, pak'-er, s. one who binds up 
bales for carriage fof letters 

Packet, pak'-£t, s. a small pack, a mail 

Pack-horse, pak'-hSrs, s. a horse employ- 
ed in carrying goods 

Packsaddle, pak-sadi, s. a saddle on 
which burdens are carried 

Packthread, pak -tnre'd, s. a strong thread 
used in packing 

Pack, pakt', or Paction, pak'-sbun, s. a 
bargain, a covenant 

Pad, pad', s. an easy paced horse, a 
foot robber— v. n. to travel gently, 
to rob on foot 

Paddle, pad'l, v. n. to row, to play in 
the water— s. an oar used by a single 

Paddock, pad'-dok, s. a great frog or 
toad, a small enclosure 

Padlock, pad'-lok, s. a pendant or hans- 
ing lock — v. a. to fasten with a pad- 

Paean, pe'-an, s. a song of triumph 

Pa.-dobaptism, sec Pedobaptism 

Tagan, pa-gan, s. a heathen — a. hea- 
thenish [state of a pagan 

Paganism, pa-ga-nfz'm s. heathenism, 

Page, pa'dzh, s. one side of the leaf of 
a book, a young boy attending on a 
great person 

Pageant, padzh'-e'nt, s. a statue in a 
show, any show, a spectacle of enter- 
tainment — a. showy, pompous 

Pageantry, padzh'-gn-try, s. pomp, os- 
tentation, show 

Paginal, padzh'-fn-al, a. consisting of 

Pagod, pa'-gftd, or Pagoda, pa-gd'-da, s. 
an Indian idol or its temple 

Paid, pa'de, pret. and part. o/Pay 

Pail, pale, s. a wooden vessel for wa- 
ter, &c. 

Pain, pa'ne, s. sensation of uneasiness, 
punishment — v. a. to afflict, to make 
uneasy, to sjtrive with, to labour 

Painful, pa'ne-fol, a. uneasy, giving 
pain, industrious 

Painim, pa'-m'm, s. an infidel 

Painstaker, panz-ta-ker, s. a laborious 
person [industrious 

Painstaking pa'nz-ta-kmg, a. laborious, 

Paint,. pant. r. a. to represent by de- 
lineation and colours, to describe, to 
colour— i'. n. to lay colours on the 
face — s. colours for painting 

Painter, pa'nt-< r, s. one who paints 

Pai.iting, pa'nt-Yne, s. the art of laying 
on colours, a picture 

Pair, pare, s. two things suiting one 
another, a couple— v. a. to join 
in couples to suit, to unite 

Palace, pal-as, s. a splendid or royal 
house fter or chair 

Palanquin, pal-an-M'n, s. an Indian lit- 

Pala!able,pai'-et eb'l, a. pleasing to the 

Palate, paT-e't, s. the organ of taste, 
mental relish, the roof of the mouth 

Palatinate, pal at'-in-el, s. signiory pos- 
sessed by a palatine, one of the elec- 
torates of the German empire 

Palatine, paT-a tine, 5. one invested 
with regal rights and prerogaiives,the 
subject of a palatinate 

Pale, pale. a. wan, whitish — s. a narrow 
piece of wood joined above and be- 
low to enclose ground, an enclosure, 
a jurisdiction— v. a. to enclose with 
pales, to encompass [wan, pale 

Palefaced, pa'lr-fast,^. having the face 

Paleness, pa'le-ne^, s. want of freshness, 
whiteness of look 

Palette, pal' et, s. a board on which a 
painter puts his colours 

Palfrey, pal'-fry 1 , s. small horse fit for 

Palfreyd, paT-fry'd, a. riding on 

Paline, pa-lVng, s the act of enclosing 
with pales, a fence of pales 

Palisade, pal-t-sade, or Palisado, pal t- 
sa-do, s. pales set for enclosure or; 

Palish, pale-teh, a. somewhat pale 

Pall, pa'l, s. a cloak or mantle of state, 
a covering thrown over the dead—. 
v. a. to weaken, to cloy — v. n. to 
become insipid 

Pallet, pal'-l^t, s. a small mean bed 

Palliament, pal'-lya-me'nt , s. a dress, a 

Palliate, paT-lyate, v. a. to excuse, to 
extenuate, to ease 

Palliation, pal-lya'-shun,s. extenuation, 
alleviation, an imperfect cure 


199 J 


shift, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur,— trul?, rye — thus, thick. 

Palliative, pal'-lya-ttv, a. extenuating, 

mitigating— s. something mitigating 
Pallid, paT-ltd, a. pale, not high co- 
loured [and a mallet 
Pallmall, peT-meT, s. a play with a ball 
Palm, pa'm, s. a sort of tree, victory, 

triumph, the inner part of the hand 

— v. a, to conceal in the palm of the 

hand, to impose, to cheat 
Palmer, pa'-mer, s. a pilgrim from the 

Holy Land, a deer's crown, a cheat 
Palmetto,,$. a species of the 

palm-tree [palms 

Palmiferous, pal-mff '-er-us, a. bearing 
Palmistry, paT-m'is-try", s. the cheat of 

foretelling fortunes by the lines of the 

Talmy, pa'-my", «. bearing palms 
Palpability, pal pa-btl'-Yt-y, s.the quality 

of being perceivable to the touch 
Palpable, pal'-peb'l, a. perceptible by 

the touch, gross, pain 
Palpitate, paT-pt-tatf, v. a. to beat at 

the heart, to flutter 
Palpitation, pal-pi-ta'-shun, s. a beating 

or panting of the heart [count or earl 
Palsgrave, pa'Iz-grave, s. a German 
Palsical,pa'hf-kal, or Palsied, pal-zy'd, 

a. afflicted with the palsy 
Talsy, pa'i-zV, s. a privation of motion 

or sense of feeling 
Palter, pal ter, v. n. to shift, to dodge 
Paltry, pal'-try, a. sorry, despicable, 

Pam, pam', t. the knave of clubs 
Pamper, pam'-per, v.. a. to glut, to fill 

with food [book 

Pamphlet, pam -fl^t, s. a small unbound 
Pamphleteer, plm-fle't-en', s. a scribbler 

of small books [any thing hollow 
Pan, pan', s. a vessel broad and shallow, 
Panacea, pan a se' a, s. an universal 

medicii ;, an herb 
Panada, pa-na'-da, or Panada,, pa-na'- do, 

s. boiled bread and water 
Pancake, pan'-kake, s. thin batter fried 

in a pan 
Pancreas, pan'-kre -as, s. the sweet- 
bread [in the pancreas 
Pancreatic, pan-kre-at-tk, a. contained 
Pandect, pan'-dgkt, s. a complete trea- 
tise on any science 
Pandemic, pan-dSm'-lk, a. incident to a 

whole people [bawd, a procurer 

Patider, pan'-der, s. a pimp, a male 
Pandiculation, pan-dfk-u la'-shun, s. a 

yawning and stretching 

Pane, pa'ne, s. a square of glass, wains- 
cot, &c. 
Panegyric, pan-e gzhir'-ik. s. eulogy, an 

encomium [taining praise 

Panegyrical, pan e-dzhir'-lk-al, a. con- 
Panel, pan'-cl, s. a square of wainscot, 

&c a schedule or roll of jurors 
Pang, pang', 5. violent and sudden 

pain ffeai 

Panic, ptfn'-Yk, s. sudden groundless 
Pannage, pan' n&lzh, s. mast of oak or 

beech, duty on cloth [saddle 

Pannel, pan'-nel, s. a kind of rustic 
Pannier, pan'-yer, s. a wicker vessel 

for carrying fruit or other things on 

a horse 
Panoply, pa n'-o-piy, s. complete armour 
Pamy, pan'-sy", s. a kind of violet 
Pant, pant', v. n. to palpitate, to wish 

earnestly [ment, a buffoon 

Pantaloon, ptin-ta-16'ne, s. a man's gar- 
Pantheon, pan-the -on, s. the temple of 

all the gods [a lynx, a pard 

Panther,pan'-tfier,s.a spotted wild beast, 
Pantile, pan-til^, s. a gutter tile 
Pantler, pant'-ler, s. an officer in a great 

family who keeps the bread 
Pantomime, pan'-to-mime, s. a tale ex- 

hibited only in gesture, dumb shew, 

buffoon [provisions 

Pantry. pan'-trV, s. r^om or place for 
Pap, p£p\ s. a nipple, food made for in- 
fants, the pulp of fruit 
Papa, pa-pa', s. a fond name for father 
Papacy, pa'-pa-c^, s. the popedom, the 

popish dignity [the pope 

Papal, pa'-pal, a. popish, belonging to 
Papaverous, pa-pav'-er-us, a. resembling 

Paper, pa per, s. the substance on which 

men write and print — v. a. to furnish 

with paper hangings 
Papermakcr, pa'-per-ma-ker, s. one who 

makes paper 
Papermill, pa'-rer-mfl, s. a mill ia 

which rags are ground for paper 
Papilio, pa-pfl'-yd, s. a butterfly 
Papillary, pa-pll'-lar-^, or Papillous, 

pa-p^l'-lus, a. resembling paps 
Papist, pa'-pYst, 5. one that adheres to 

popery [herent to popery 

Papistical, pii-pYs'-tf-kal, a. po ish, ad- 
Papistry, pa'-pts-try , s. popery, the doc- 
trine of the Romish church 
Pappv, pap'-py, a. soft, succulent,easily 

divided [lence 

Par, pa'r, 5. a state of equality, equiva- 

PAR [ 200 J PAR 
Sounds. — h&t, hate, hall, lia> — met, desist, me, her — chfn, chine, field, shirt. 

Parable, pXr'-eb'l, $. a similitude, a figu- 
rative speech [nic sections 
Parabola, parab'-6-la, ?. one of the co- 
Parabolic, par-a-boT-'lk, a, expressed by 

Parachute, par'-&-shute, s. a machine 

to prevent a dangerous fall 
Paraclete, par'-a"-klete, .s. a comforter, 

an advocate 
Parade, pa-ra'de, s. sh. w, military or- 
der, a place where troops are drawn 
up to do duty [gions, heaven 

Paradise, paY-a-dlse. s. the blissful re- 
Paradisiacal, par-a-dfs-I'-a-kal, g,. suit- 
ing or making paradise 
Paradox, paV-a-dtiks, s. a proposition 
seemingly wrong but not really so, 
an assertion contrary to appearance 
Paradoxical, par a-dftk'-st-kal, a. having 
the nature of a paradox, inclined to 
new tenets 
Paragon, par-&-g6n, s. a model, a pat- 
tern, something supremely excel- 
lent [of a discourse 
Paragraph, paY-a-graf, s. a distinct part 
Parallactic, par aT-lak'-tfk, a. pertaining 

to a parallax 
Parallax, par'-al-laks, s. the distance be- 
tween the true and apparent place of 
any star 
Parallel, paY-allel, a. in the same di 
rection, equal — s. lines continuing 
their course and still remaining at 
the same distance from each other, 
line of latitude, resemblance, con- 
Pallelogram, par-al-leT-o gram, s. a 

right lined quadrilateral figure 
Paralogize, pa-ral-6-dzhize, v. n. to rea- 
son sophist ically [soning 
Paralogy, pa-raT-o-dzhy, s. false rea- 
Paralysis, pa" -ral'-V-sfs, s. a palsy 
Paralytic, pSr-^-l^t -fk, a. palsied, in- 
clined to palsy chief — s. the chief 
Paramount, par a-mount, a. superior, 
Paramour, par'-a-m5re, s. a lover, a 

Parapet, par'-a pet, s. a wall breast high 
Paraphernalia, pSr -a-fe>-na'-lya, s. goods 

in a wife's disposal 
Paraphrase, par'-a-frazr, s. an explana- 
tion in many words— v. a. to trans- 
late loosely 
Paraphrast, paY-a-frast, s. a lax inter- 
preter* one who explains in many 
words [ral, not verbal 

Paraphrastic, par-&-fras'-t1k, a. not lit- 

Parasite, par'-a-site, s. one that fre- 
quents rich tables and earns his wel- 
come by flattery [wheedling 

Parasitic, par-a- sYt'-ik, a. flattering. 

Parasol, par-a sol?, s. a small sort of 
canopy to screen from the sun 

Parboil, pa'r-bQtl, v. a. to half boil 

Parcel, pa'r-sei, s. a small bundle, lot, 
quantity— v. a. to divide into por- 
tions, to make up into a mass 

Parcenar, par's-ner, s. a coheiress, an 
equal sharer of inheritance 

Parch, pa'i tsh, v. a. to burn slightly 
and superficially— v. 77. to be scorch 
ed [ed for writing: on 

Parchment, pa'rtsh-ment, s. a skin dress- 

Pard, pa'id, or Pardale, pa'r-dale, s. a 
leopard, a spotted beast 

Pardon, pa'rd'n, v. a. to excuse, to for- 
give, to remit— s. sorgiveness, remis- 
sion of penalty 

Pare, pa're, v. a. to cut off extremities 
on the surface, to diminish 

Paregoric, par •g-gbY-'ik, a. having power 
to comfort and assuage 

Parent, pa'-rent, s. a father or mother 

Parentage, par'-en-te'dzh, s. extraction, 
birth, descent [parents 

Parental, pa-ren'-tal, a. pertaining to 

Parenthesis, pa rfen'-the-sts, s. a sen- 
tence included in another sentence, 
the marks thus (.) 

Parenthetical, pa-ren-tfife't'-fk-al, a. per- 
taining to a parenthesis 

Parer, pa'-rer, s. a tool to cut away the 
surface [plaster 

Parget, pa'r-dzhet, $. a plaster— v. a. to 

Parhelion, par-h£'-ly6n, s. a mock sun 

Parietal, p^-ri'-e-tal, a. constituting sides 
or walls [off, the rind 

Paring, pa'-rtng, s. that which is pared 

Parish, par'-fsh, s. a particular district 
with a church and having its own 
officers and priest 

Parishioner, pa-rtsh'-6n e*r, s. one that 
belongs to the parish 

Parisyllabkal,par-t-syl-laV-tk-al, a. hav- 
ing an equal number of syllables 

Parity, paY-ft-y', s. equality, resem- 
blance [of chace 

Park, pa'rk, s. an enclosure for beasts 

Parle, pa'rl, s. conversation, oral treaty 

Parley, pa'r-ly", v.n. to treat by word 
of mouth — s. oral treaty, conference 

Parliament, pa/r-H-ment, s. the assem- 
bly of the king and two estates of the 


201 J 


shot, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, thus, rye — hick. 

Parliamentary, pS'r lf-mSn-tdr y\ a. en- 
acted by parliament, suiting or per- 
taining to i an i amen t 

Parlour, pa'r-lor, s. a lower room Tor 
entertainment [waggish, dangerous 

Parlous, pa'r lus, a. shrewd, subtle, 

Parochial, pa-ro'-kyal, a. pertaining to 

rarody, par'6-dv, s. a kind of writing 
in which the words are by a slight 
chance adapted to some new purpose 
— v. a. to copy by way of parody* 

Parole, pa-rolc, s. words given as an 
assurance. [of parrot 

Paroquet, plir'-o ket, «. a small species 

Pare id. pa-rfct'-fd, a. belonging to the 
elands under and behind the ear 

Paroxysm, paY-riks-y'sra, s. a periodica! 
return of 'a fit, & r c. [parricide 

Parr;cidal, par-rf-si'-dai, a. relating to 

Parricide, paV-rl-side, 5. the murderer 
or murder of a father 

Parrot, par'-r6t, s. a well known bird 

Parry, par' ry", v. n. to put by or ward 
off thrusts 

Parse, pa'rs, v. a. to resolve a sentence 
into the elements or parts of speech 

Parsimonious, paY-sl'-md-nyus, a. covet- 
ous, frugal [covetousness 

Parsimony, pa'r-sY-mon-y\ s. frugality, 

Parsley, pa'rs-ly, 5. a well-known herb 

Parsnep, pK'rs-nep, s. a plant 

Parson, pa'rs'n, 5. a priest of a parish, a 
clergyman - [house or benefice 

Parsonage, pa/rs'n-eclzb, s. a parson's 

Part, part, s. a portion, a share, a par- 
ty, something less than the whole 

Partage, pa'r t£dzh, s. division, the act 
of sharing [have part in 

Partake, p&r-takf, v. a. to share, to 

Parterre, par'-ter, s. a level ground, a 
flower garden 

Partial, par-shal, a. inclined to favour 
one party more than the other, affect- 
ing only one part, not general 

Partiality, par shyaT-i-ty, s. an unequal 
judgment [partial 

Partialize, pa'r-shyad-Ize, V. a. to make 

Partible, pa'rMb'l, a. divisible, sepa- 
rable [share or part 

Participant, pa>-tYs'-t pent, a. having a 

Participate, par-tYs'-Y-patc, v. a. to have 
share or part — v. a. to partake, to 

Participation, paY-tYs-Y -pa-shun, s. the 
act of partaking of something, a divi- 
sion into shares 

Participial, par-tY-sYo-yal, a. of the na- 
ture of a participle 

Participle, pa'r-ti-'sVn'l, s . a W ord par- 
taking at once of the qualities of a 
noun an J verb [part 

Particle, pa'r-t'ik'l, s. a^y small word or 

Particular, par tfk u-lar, u. not general, 
individual, odd, singular — s. a single 
instance or point, a minute detail 

Particularity, par-tfk-u lar Y-tv, s. some- 
thing particular [mention distinctly 

Particularize, par-tYk'-u U-rize, v. a. to 

Parting, pa'rt-Yng, s. a division, a cere- 
mony in taking leave 

Partisan, par-tY-zan, 5. a kind of pike, 
an adherent to a party 

Partition, par-tYsh'-un, s. the act of di- 
viding, division—f. a. to divide into 
distinct parts 

Partly, pa'rt ly", ad. in some measure 
or degree 

Partner, pa'rt-ner, s. one who has part 
in any thin?, or dances with another 

Partnership, pa'rt-ner sbYp. >. union of 
two or more in trade, joint interest 

Partook, p&r-tok', pret. or Partake 

Partridge, pa'r-trYdzh,s. a bird of game 

Parturient, par-tu-ryent, a. about to 
bring forth 

Parturition, par-tu-rYsh'-un, *. the state 
of being about to bring forth 

Party, pa'r-ty", s.'a select assemMy,one 
concerned in any affair, persons es- 
pousing the same cause, a detach- 
ment of soldiers 

Party coloured, pa>-t¥-k61-6rd, a. hav- 
ing different colours 

Party-jury, par-ty-dzhu-ry\ *. a jury 
composed of natives and foreigners 

Partyman, paV-t^-m^n, *. an adherent 
to a party right or wrong 

Party-wall, par t¥-wal, s. a wall be- 
tween buildings [over 

Paschal, paV-kal, a. relating to the pass- 

Pacuace, pas'-ku-adzh s. pasturage 

Pasquin, paV-kwYn, or Pasquinade, pa"s- 
kwYn-a'dr, s. a lampoon 

Pass, pS's, «'. a. and ??. to co through, 
to enact a law, to allow, to om t, to 
pro'-ee d, to vanish— s. a narrow en- 
trance or road, a licence to go or 

Passado. paY-sa'-do, s. a push or thrust 

Passage, paY-s*dzh, $. the act of passing, 
travel, road, part of a book 

Pa^sant, pas'-sent, a. walking along 

PAT f 202 ] PAV 

Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, h^r-cWn, chine, Held, shirt. - 

Passenger, pas'-sgndzher, s. a way- 
farer, one who hires a place in a car- 
riage or vessel 
Passibility, pas-sf-Ml'-f-ty, s. the quality 
of receiving impressions from exter- 
nal agents [pressed 
Passible, pas'-stb'l, a. that may be im- 
Passing, pa's-stng, part. a. supreme, 
eminent [bell 
Passingbell, pas-sfng-be'l, 5, the death- 
Passion, pash'-tm, s. anger, love, zeal, 
suffering [passion, soon ar.gry 
Passionate, pash'-6n-et, a. moved by 
Passive, pas'-sfv, a. unresisting, suffer- 
ing , [sacrifice lulled 
Passover, pa's-d-ver/.a Jewish festivity , 
Passport, pa'e -port, &• a permission in 

writing to pass 
Past, pa'st, part, of to pass, not pre- 
sent, gone through, beyond 
Paste, pa'ste, s. any viscous tenacious 
mixture, cement [paper 

Pasteboard, pa'ste-bord, s. thick strong 
Pastern, pas-tern, s. the knee of a horse 

the leg of any animal 
Pastime, pas'-tlme, s. sport, recreation 
Pastor, pas'~t<Sr, s. a shepherd, a minis- 
ter of a congregation 
Pastoral, pas'-tor-al, a. rural, like shep- 
herds, relating to the care of souls 
Pastry, pas-try\ s. pies or baked paste 
Pasturable, pas'-tur-eb'l, a. fit for pas- 
ture [grazed by cattle 
Pasturage, pas'-tur-edzh, s. grounds 
Pasture, pas' ture, s. land for grazing 
food [without a dish 
Pasty, pasty", s. a pie of crust raised 
Pat, pat', a. fit, exact — s. a light blow 

—v. a. to strike lightly 
Patch, patsh', s. a piece to cover a hole, 
a piece of black silk put on the fare 
— v. a. to cover with or put on 
patches, to botch 
Patchwork, patsh'-w6rk, s. pieces of 
different colours sewed interchange- 
ably together 
Pate, pate, s. the head 
Patefaetion, pat-e f ak'-shtin, s. the act 

or state of opening 
Paten, pat'-en, s. a plate used for 

bread at the altar 
Patent, pat'-e"nt, a. open, public— s. a of exclusive right, a charter 
patentee, pat-en te, s. one who has a 
patent [ditary 

Paternal, pa-ter'-nal, a. fatherly, here 
Path, pith, s. a way, a tract 

Pathetic, pa-tnet'-tk, v. affecting the 
passions, passionate 

Pathological, pa-tho lodzh'-tk al, a. re- 
lating to the tokens of a distemper 

Pathology, pa-tfcoT-odzhy, ,?. that part 
of medicine which relates to the dis- 
tempers of the human body 

Pathos, pa-thtfs, s. passion", warmth 

Pathway, path'-wa, s. a narrow way for 
foot passengers 

Patience, pa-shens, s. calmness, sub- 
mission to affliction 

Patient, pa-shent, a. not easily moved 
or provoked — v. a diseased person 
under the care of another 

Patine, pat'-Tn, s. the cover of a chalice 

Patriarch, pa'-trt-a'rk, s. the head of a 
family, a superior bishop 

Patriarchal, pa-tri-a'r-kal, a. pertaining 
to patriarchs 

Patriarchate, pa-tr"J-a'r-ket, s. tlie dig- 
nity or office of a patriarch 

Patrician, pa-trfsh'-an, a. senatorial, 
noble— s. a nobleman 

Patrimonial, pat-rf mo'-nyal, a. pos- 
sessed by inheritance 

Fatrimony, pat'-rt-mon-y", s. an estate 
by inheritance [country 

Patriot, pa'-trt-6t, s. a real lover of his 

Patriotic, pa-trt-ot'-tk , a. having pa- 
triotism [one's country 

Patriotism, pa-tr l i-6-t¥zm, s. Jove of 

Patrol, pa-trole, s. a guard to walk the 
streets [vocate 

Patron, pa' tron, s. a benefactor, an ad- 
Patronage, pat'-rd-ne'dzh, s. support, 
protection, right of giving 

Patronal, pat'-ro-nal, a. protecting, sup 

Patronize, pat'-ro-nize, v. a. to protect, 
to support, to countenance 

Patronymic, pat ro-nytn'-ik, s. a name 
expressing that of the father or an- 
cestor [iron ring 

Fatten, pat'-ten, s. a clog shod with an 

Pattepan, pat'-te-pan, s. a pan to bake 
a tart or small pie in | like hail 

Patter, pat'-ter, v. n. to make a noise 

Pattern, pat'-tern, s. a specimen, an ex- 
ample, a model [ber 

Paucity, pa'-s'i-t? , s. smallness of num- 

Pave. pa've. v. a. to lay with brick or 
stone, to make easy 

Pavement, pave-mgnP, v. stones or 
bricks laid on the ground 

Pavilion, pa-vtl'-ydn, s. atent,.a tempo- 

i rary house 


f 203 ] 


shftt, note, lose, act6r— hat, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Pavior, pa-vy6r, s. one who lays with 

Paunch, pa'nsh, s. the belly, the region 

of the abdomen — v. a. to take out 

the paunch of" [receives alms 

Pauper, pa per, s. a poor person who 
Pause, paz, s. a stop, a break — v. n. to 

stop, to deliberate 
Paw, pa, s. the foot of a beast of prey, 

the hand— v. a. to strike with the 

forefoot, to handle roughly 
Pawn, pa'n, v. a. to pledge, to give in 

pledge [lends money on pawns 

Pawnbroker, pan bro-ker, s. one who 
Pay, pa', v. a. to discharge a debt, to 

beat, to reward — *. wages, hire, mo- 
ney for services -^ 
Payable, pa-eb'l, a. proper to be paid, 

due [to pay 

Paymaster, pa-mas-ter, s. one who is 
Payment, pa'-ment, s. act of paying, 

discharge of a debt 
Pea, pe,s. a well-known kind of pulse 
Peace, pe'se, s. respite from war, quiet, 

rest, silence — ir.te.rj. silence 
Peaceable, pe's-eb'l, a. free from war 

or tumult, not turbulent 
Peacemaker, pes ma-keY, s. one who re- 
conciles differences 
Peaceofficer, p£s-oT-fj ser, s. an officer 

to keep the peace, a constable 
Peach, pS'tsh, s. a sort of tree or its 

fruit— v. n. to accuse of some crime 
Peacock, pe -k5k, s. a/owl of beautiful 

plumage [peacock 

Peahen, pe'-hen, s. the female of the 
Peak, p&'ke, s. the top of a hill, the 

forepart of a head-dress — v. n. to 

look sickly, to make a mean figure 
Peal, pfc'le, s. a succession of loud 

sounds, as of bells, &c. 
Pear, pare, s. a kind of tree or its fruit 
Pearl, pe>l', s. a gem from shell fish, a 

speck on the eye 
Pearly, perl'-y, a. abounding with or 

resembling pearl [pie 

Pearmaio, pare mane, s. a sort of ap- 
Peasant, pez'-ent, s. a rustic, one who 

lives by rural labour [people 

Peasantry, pfcz'-e"nt rtf, s. the country 
Peascod, pe'z-kod, or Peashell, pe-shgl, 

s. the shell or husk that contains peas 
Pease, p£'ze, plural of Pea [fire 

Peat, p&'te, s. a species of turf used for 
Pebble, peVl, or Pebblestone, pSb'l- 

stone, s. a sort of stone 
Pebbly, peV-biy, a full of pebbles 

Peccability, pe'k-ka-bir-'it-y, *. a being 
subject to sin [ble to sin 

Peccable, p<ik' keb'l, a. incident or lia- 

Peccadillo, pek-ktf-chT 16, s. a petty 
fault, a slight crir,ie 

Peccant, peY-kent, a. criminal, bad dis- 

Peck, peY, s. fourth part of a bushel — 
v. a. to strike or pick food with the 

Pecker, peY-er, s. one that pecks, a bird 

Peckled, pe\Td, a. spotted 

Pectoral, peK -t6r fcl,«. pertaining to the 
breast — s. a breast-plate, a medicine 
to strengthen the stomach, &c. 

Peculate, peV-u-late, v. a. to defraud 
the public [public money 

Peculation, peVu-la'-shnn, s. theft of 

Peculator, pSk-ula'-tor, 5. one who robs 
the public 

Peculiar, pe-ku'-lya>, a. appropriate, 
particular — s. the exclusive property 

Peculiarity, pe-ku-lyaY-ft-y', s. particu- 
larity , oddness [money 

Pecuniary, pe-ku'-nylr-y, a. relating to 

Pedagogue, pgd'-^-gog, s. a schoolmas- 
ter, a pedant 

Pedal, pe'-d^l, a. belonging to a foot 

Pedals, pg'-dalz, s. the large pioes of an 
organ [knowledge 

Pedant, pe"d'-£nt, s. one vain of low 

Pedantic, pe-dan'.tfk, a. like a pedant, 

Pedantry, pe'd'-e'n-try, *. ostentation of 
shewing needless learning 

Peddle, pgd'l, v. n. to be busy about 

Pedestal, pe'd'-e's-tal, s. the lower mem- 
ber of a pillar, the basis of a statue 

Pedestrian, pe-deV-try-an, or Pedes tri- 
ous, pe-deV-try-us, a. going on foot 

Pedicle, pgd'-lk'l, s. the footstalk of 
fruit. &c. 

Pedicular, pe-d'iK'-u-lar, a. lousy 

Pedigree, pgd'-\'gr6, s. lineage, descent 

Pediment, ped'-t mSnt, s. an ornament- 
al projection, &c. 

Pedlar, pSd'-lor, s. one who travels Cie 
country with small commodities 

Pedlery, pe'd'-ler-y, 5. wares sold by 

Pedling, ped'-ifng, a. petty dealing 

Pedobaptism, pe'-do bip '-ttzm, s. infant 

Pedometer, pa dom'-e-ter, s. an instru. 
ment to measure the space walked 

PEN C 204 ] PEN 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — me^t, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shrit- 

Peel, p6'le, v a. to pare, to take the 
rind of, to plunder— s. the rind, a 
board used by bakers 
Pee;', pepe, v. n. to make the first ap- 
pearance, to look closely or curious- 
ly — s. first appearance, a sly look 
Peer, pere, s. an equal, a nobleman — 

v. n. to come just in sight, to peep 
Peerage, pe'r-e'dzh, s. dignity of a peer 
Peerdom, pe'r d6m, s. peerage 
Peerless, per' les, 5. unequalled 
Peevish, pe-vtsh, a. easily offended, ir- 
ritable [fasten with a pec 
Pea, peg', 5. a wooden pin — 1>. a. to 
Pelf, pelf s. money, riches 
Pelican, reT-i-kan, s. a bird 
Pellet, eel' let, s. a little ball, a bullet 
Pellicle, peT lfk'l, s. a thin skin 
Pellme'l. pel'-meT, ad. confusedly, tu 

Pells, pe'lz', s. an office in the exchequer 
Pellvcid. pM-lu'-sid, a. clear, transpa- 
rent, bright 
Pelt, pelt', s. a skin, a raw hide — v. a. 
to throw at [stones, &c. 

Felting, pelt'-¥ng, a. paltry, throwing 
Pelvis, peT-vfs, 6. the lower part of the 

Pen, p£n\ s. an instrument to write 
with, a fold — v. a. to coop, to shut 
up, to write [punishment 

Penal, p&i'-al, a. enacting or inflicting 
Penalty, pgn'-al-t^, s. a punishment, a 
forfeiture [mortification 

Penance, pfri gns, s. an atonement, a 
Pence, pgn's, s. plural of Penny 
Pencil, peV-sYl, s. a tool for drawing or 
painting— v. a. to delineate, to paint 
Pendant, pen'-dent, s. a small flag in 
ships ("over 

Pendent, pen'-dent, a. hanging, jutting 
Pending, pen' -ding, a. depending, un- 
decided fpended 
Pendulous, pen'-du-lus.ff. hanging, sus- 
Pencfulum, p£n'-du-16m, s. any weight 
hung to swing backwards and for- 
wards [ceptibil'ty of impression 
Penetrability, pe*n-e tra-trtl' it-y\ s. sus- 
Penetrate. pen'-e-tratp, v. a. and n. to 
pierce, to enter, to reach the mean- 
ing [of entering a body, sagacity 
Penetration, pe"n e-tra'-shun, s. the act 
Penetrative, peV-e tra-tiv, a. piercing, 
subtle, sagacious [fruit 
Penguin, pen'-gwfn, s. a sort of bird, a 
Peninsula, pen-tn'-su-la, 5. land almost 
surrounded by water 

Penitence, pgn'-l-tfe'ns, 5. contrition for 

an offence, repentance 
Penitent, p£n'-f-tent, a. repentant, con- 
trite for sin [ing penitenre 
Penitential, pgn-l-ten'-shyal, a. express 
Penitentiary, pen-f-ten'-shyar-y, s. on* 

who does penance, a confessor 

PenVnife, pen'mfe, s. a knife used U 

make pens [vritei 

Fenman, pen'-man, s. an author, a good 

Penmanship, pgn' -man-ship, s. use of 

the pen 
Pennant, pen'-nfe'nt, s. a small fla^, a 

tackle for hoisting things on board 
^ennated, p£n' na ted, a. having wings 
Petion, p£n -non, s. a small Mag 
Penny, pen'-ny^ 5. the 12th part of a 
shil ing [troy weight 

Pennyweight, p£n'-ny-wf*ite, s.24 grains 
I'enpywi e, peV-ny-wize, a. hazarding 

much to save a little 
Pennyworth, pen'-ny^-wort^, s. what 
may be bought for a penny, a good 
Pension, p£n'-shon, s. a settled allow- 
ance — v. a. to support by allowance 
Pensionary, peV-shun-ar-y, n. mainlin- 
ed by a pension — s. a magistrate in 
Dutch cities [ceives a pension 

Pensioner, pen-shun-er, s one who re- 
Pensive, pgn'-sfv, a. serious, sorrowful, 

Pent, p^nt', part, of Pen, shut up 
Pentacapsular, pen-ta-kap-su lar,a. hav- 
ing five cavities 
Pentachord, pen'-ta-kfird, s. an instru- 
ment with five strings [five sides 
Pentaedrous. pen-ta-e-drus, a. having 
Pentagon, pgn'-ta-gon, s. a figure with 
five angles [five angles 
Pentagonal, p^n-tag'-o-nal, a. having 
Pentagraph, pfn'-ta-graf, s. an instru- 
ment for copying designs in any pro- 
portion [verse of five* feet 
Pentameter, pgn-tam'-e-ter. s. a Latin 
Pentangular, pgn-tang'-u lar, a. five 
cornered [ing five petals 
Pentapetalous, pe'n-ta-p£t'-&-lus, a. hav- 
Pentateuch, pen'-ta-tuke, s. the five 
books of Moses [Whitsuntide 
Pentecost, pSn'-te-kost, s. a Jewish feast, 
Pentecostal, pen-te-kos'-tal, a. belong- 
ing to Whitsuntide 
Pentheuse, pent'-h5us, s. a sloping shed 

or roof 
Pentile, pen' tilp, s. a tile to cover the 
sloping part of the roof 


[ 205 ] 


shSt, note, lose, actor — htit, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Penultima, pe-nul'-tt-ma, 5. the last 
syllable but one [shadow 

Penumbra, pe-num'-bra\ 5. an imperfect 
Penurious, pe-nu'-ryus, a. sordidly 
mean, scant fgence 

Penury, pen'-u-ry, s. poverty, indi- 
People, pe'p'l, 5. a nation, the vulgar, 
persons in general— v. a. to stock 
with inhabitants 
Pepper, pep'-ptr, s. an aromatic pun- 
gent spice— v. a. to sprinkle with 
pepper, to mangle with shot or blows 
Peppercorn, pep'-per-k&'rn, s. a grain of 
pepper, or any thing of trifling value 
Peppermint, p^p'-per-mfnt, s. very hot 

mint, drink made of it 

Peradventure, per-ad-veV-ture, ad. 

perhaps, may be [over 

Peragrate, peY-a- grate, v. a. to wander 

Perambulate, per-am'-bu-late, v. a. to 

walk through, to survey by passing 

through [wandering survey 

Perambulation, per-am-bu la-shun, s. a 

Perambulator, per-am'-bu-la-tor, s. an 

instrument with a wheel to measure 

roads [know, to observe 

Perceive, per-sfve, v. a. to discover, to 

Perceptibility, per-sep-ti-Ml'-tt-y, s. the 

power of perceiving 
Perceptible, per-sep'-Ub'l, a. that may 

be perceived 
Perception, per s^p'-shun, s. the power 

or act of perceiving, idea 
Perceptive, per-sep'-ttv, a. having the 

power of perceiving 

Perch, pertsh', s. a fish, a measure of 

five yards and a half, a bird's roost — 

v. n. to sit or roost as a bird — v. a. 

to place on a perch [ture 

Perchance, per-tsha'ns, ad. peradven- 

Percipient, per-slp'-ygnt, a. perceiving 

Percolate, per'-ko-late, v . a. to strain 

through a sieve [of straining 

Percolation, per-ko-la-shun, s. the act 

Percuss, per-kus', v. a. to strike 

Percussion, per-ktish'-un, 5. the act of 

striking, a stroke 
Percutient, per-ku'-shgnt, a. striking, 
able to strike [ruin, death 

Perdition, per-dfsh'-un, s. destruction, 
Perdue, per-dti', ad. close, lying in am- 
Perdurable, per'-du-reb'l, a. lasting 
Perduration, per-du-ra'-shtin, s. long 

Peregrinate, peV-e-grYn-ate, V. n, to 
travel into far countries 

Peregrine, per'-e-grtn, a. foreign, not 
domestic [extinction 

Peremption, "p^r-gm'p-shun, »• crush. 
Peremptory, peY-emp-t6r-y, a. dogma- 
tical, absolute 
Perennial, per-en'-nyal, a. lasting a 

year, unceasing 
Perfect, per'-fekt, a. complete, pure, 
immaculate — v. a. to finish, to com- 
plete, to make skilful 
Perfection, per-f^k'-shiin, s. the state of 
being perfect [perfection 

Perfective, per-feV-tYv, a. conducing to 
Perfidious, per-fid'-yvs, a. treacherous 
Perfidy, per'-ft-d^, s. treachery 
Perforate, per'-fo-rate, v. a. to pierce 

through, to bore 
Perforation, per-fo-ra'-shiin, s. the act 
of piercing, a hole [ment for boring 
Perforator, per'-fo-ra-tor, s. an instru- 
Perforce, per-fo'rs, a d. by force, vio- 
Perform, per-fo'rm, v. a. to execute, to 
do, to accomplish — v. 11. to succeed 
ir. an attempt 
Performance, per-fo'r m£ns, s. execu- 
tion of something promised, compo- 
sition, work, action 
Performer, per-fo'r-mer, s. one that 

sings, plays, or acts in public 
Perfume, per-fu'me, s. sweet odour, 

Perfume, peVfft'me, v. a. to scent 
Perfunctory, per-fungk"-tor-yV/. slight, 
careless, negligent [it may be 

Perhaps, per-haps', ad. peradventure, 
Pericardium, per-i-k£'r-dyum, s. a thin 

membrane round the heart 
Pericranium, per-l-kra'-nyum, s. the 

membrane that covers the skull 
Periculous, p£-r\'k'-u~lus, a. dangerous 
Perigee, pe-ri-dzhe', or Perigeum, pg- 
r'l-dzhe um, s. that point of the hea- 
vens wherein the sun or any planet 
is nearest the earth 
Perihelium, pe'-rV-he-lycm. s. that point 
of a planet's orbit wherein it is near- 
est the sun [pardy 
Peril, per-'il, s. danger, hazard, jeo- 
Perilous, per'-ll-us, a. dangerous, ha- 
zardous [ference of a figure 
Perimeter, pe'-rfm'-e-ter, s. the circum- 
Period, pe -ry6d, s. a circuit, an epocha, 

a complete sentence, a full stop 
Periodic, pe-ryod'-tk, a. at stated'times, 
regular, making a revolution 


f 606 ] 


Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — me"t, desist, me, her— chYn, chine, field, shirt. — 

Periosteum, pe rf-bs'-fyum, s. the mem- 
brane that covers the bones 
Peripatetic, p£-rY-pa teY-Yk, s. one used 

to dispute walking up and down 
Periphery, pe*-rYf '-er-y", s. circumference 
Periphrase, pe -rY fraze, v. a. to express 
by circumlocution [cution 

Periphrasis, pS rYf'-ra" sYs, s. circurnlo 
Periphrastical, pe-rY-fras'-tYk-al, a. cir- 
Peripneumony, pg-rYp-nu'-mdn-y, 5. in- 
flammation of the lungs 
Perish. per'-Ysh, v. n. to die, to decay, 
to be destroyed or lost [spiral 

Peristaltic, pg-rY-stai'-tYk, a. worm-like, 
Peristyle, pg ri-style, s. a circular range 

of pillars 
Perisystole, pg-rY-syV-td-le, s. the pause 
betwixt the two motions of the heart 
Perjure, per'-dzhur, v. a. to forswear 
Perjury, peY-dzhur-y*, s. a false oath 
Penwig, peY-Y-wYg, s. a wig, a covering 
for the head [fish 

Periwinkle,per'-Y-wYngk'l,s.a small shell 
Perk, perk', v. to hold up the head af- 
Permanence, peV-m&.nens, *. continu- 
ance in one state, duration 
Permanent, per'-m&-nent, a. lasting, 
unchanged [through 

Permeant, peY-me-ant, a. passing 
Permeate, per me-ate, v. a. to pass 
through [he min:/!ed 

Permiscible, per-mYs'-sYb'l, a. that may 
Permissible, per-mYs'-sYb'l, a, what may 
be permitted [leave or liberty 

Permission, per-mYsh'-tin, s. grant of 
Permissive, per-mYs'-sYv, a. granting 

leave, allowed 
Permit, per-mYt\ v. a. to allow or suffer 
1 to be done 

Permit, per'-mYt, s. a sort of warrant 
Permutation, per-mu-ta-shtin, s. an ex- 
change of one for another, a barter 
Permute, per-mu'te, v. a. to exchange 
Pernicious, per-nYsh'-us, a. destructive, 
very hurtful [lerity 

Pernicity, per-nYs'-Yt-^, s. swiftness, ce 
Pernoctation, per-ntfk ta shun, s. state 

of laying out all night 
Peroration, per-c-ra'-shtin, s. the con- 
clusion of an oration, &c. 
Perpendicular, per pen-dfk'-u lar, a. 
crossing at right angles, cutting the 
horizon at right angles 
Perpendicularity ,per-pen-dYk-u-larVit-y, 
, *. state of being perpendicular . 

Perpension, per-pen'-shun, s. considera- 
tion [mit a crime 

Perpetrate, per'-pe-trate. v. a. to conv 

Perpetration, per-pe-trlt'-shun, s. the 
commission of a crime [constant 

Perpetual, per-pet'-u-al, a. continual, 

Perpetuate, per-pSt'-Ct ate, v. a. to make 
perpetual, to eternize 

Perpetuation, per- peVu-ii '-shun, s. a 
making perpetual 

Perpetuity, per-pe td'-Yt-y, ^duration to 
all futurity [doubts, to vex 

Perplex, ptr-ple'ks', v. a. to disturb with 

Perplexity, peY-pleW-t.ty 1 , s. distraction 
of mind, intricacy 

Perquisite, per-kwYz-Yt, 5. something 
gained above the settled wages 

Perry, peY-r?, s. cider made of pears 

Persecute, per se-k Cite, a. a. to pursue 
with malignity, to harrass, to vex, to 
trouble ' [of persecuting 

Persecution, per-se-ku'-shtin, s. the act 

Persecutor, per'-se-ku-tor, s. one who 
persecutes [ness of pursuit 

Perseverance, per-se-ve'-rens, s. steadi- 

Perseterant, per-se-v&'-rent, a. persist- 
ing, steady in pursuits 

Persevere, per-se-vere, v. n. to persist 
in an attempt 

Persist, per-sYst, v. n. to persevere, to 
continue firm or obstinate 

Person, per's'n, s. an individual, a hu- 
man being,exterior appearance, shape 
of the body 

Personable, peYs'n-eVl, a. handsome, 
graceful [able person 

Penonage, perVn-Sdzh, s. a consider- 

Personal, peY son-al, a. pertaining to a 

Personality, per-s6-nal'-Y-ty\ s. exis- 
tence or individuality of any one 

Personate, per'-son ate, a, v. to repre- 
sent, to counterfeit 

Personification, per-son'-Yf-Y-ka"-shan, 
s. the change of things to persons 

Personify, per-s6n-Y-fy'. v. a. to change 
from a thing to a person, to represent 

Perspective, per-SpeV-tYv, s. a spying- 
glass, view, vista— a. relating to the 
science of vision, optical 

Persricacious.per-spY-ka'-shyus.a quick- 
sighted, sharp [sighted ness 

Perspicacity, per-spY-kas'-Yt-y\ 5. quick- 
Perspicuity, per-spY-kti'-Yt-y", s. clear- 
ness, transparency 

Perspicuous, per-spik'-u-us, a. transpa- 
rent, clear, easily seen 


I 207 


shot, note, 15se, actor— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, thus, rye-^hick. 

Pestilent, p&s'-ti'-le'nt, a, producing 

plagues, malignant 
Pestilential, pSs tf-len'-shal, a. infectious 
Pestle, pgst'l, s. an instrument to break 

things in a mortar 
Pet, pet', s. a slight passion or anger, 
a \ T oung lamb brought up by hand, a 
favourite — v. a. to spoil by too much 
Petal, peY-al, s. the leaves of flowers 
Petalous, pel'-a-lus, a. having petals 
Petechial, pete' -shyal, a. pestilentially 

Petition, pe -tVsh'-nn, s. a request, en- 
treaty, prayer— v. a. to solicit, to 
Petitionary, pe-tYsh'-on-ar-ty, a. con- 
taining petition or request 
Petre, pe'-ter, s. nitre, salt-petre 
Petrescent, pe-trgs'-s£nt, a. growing or 

becoming stone, hardening 
Petrifaction, pet-rY-faV-shtin, s. the act 

of turning to stone 
Petrifactive, pet-rt-fak'-tVv, or Petrific, 
pe tiYf'-¥k, a. having power, to change 
to stone 
Petrify, pfet'-rf fy, v. a. and n. to 

change to stone, to become stone 
Petronel, pe't'-rd-ne'l,*. a pistol or small 
gun [lower vestment 

Petticoat, pfct'-tV-kote, s. a woman's 
Pettifogger, pfet'-ti-fog-ger, $. a petty, 
small-rate lawyer [mean 

Petty fogging, pe't'-tY-fog-g'ing, a. low, 
i Pettish, peV tfSh, a. fretful, peevish 
Pettitoes, pgt'-tY-toze, s. the feet of a 
sucking pig [privacy 

Petto, pgt'-to. s. ihebreastfigif ratixrly 
Fetty, pgt'-t^, a. small, inconsiderable, 
little [peevish, perverse 

Petulant, p£t'-u-lant, a. saucy, wanton. 
Pew, pu, s. a seat inclosed in a church 
Pewet, pe'-wet, s. a sort of wild fowl 
Pewter, pu'-ter, *. a sort of compound 
metal [in nature 

Pluenomena, ft-nom-Y na,^. appearances 
Phenomenon, fe nom-Y n5n, s. an ap- 
pearance in nature [ria?e 
Phceton, fa'-e-ton, s. a high o; en car- 
Phalanx. fa'-lKngks, s. a troop of men 
closely embodied, the division of the 
Phantasm, fan'-tazm,s. vain imagination 
Phantoi'n, fan'-t6m, s.a spectre, a fancied 
vision [religious 
Pharisaical, far-Y-sa-Yk -ai, a. externally 
T 2 

Persriration, per-spi-ra-shtin, s. excre- 
tion 6y the cuticular pores 
Perspirative, pe>-spi-ra-tYv, a. perform- 
in'.!; the act of perspiration 
Perspire, per-spi're, v. n. to sweat, to 

be excreted by the skin 
Persuade, per-swa'de, v. a. to bring to 
an opinion, to influence by argu- 
ment t be persuaded 
Persuasible, per-swa-sYb'i, a. that may 
Persuasion, pei-swa-zhun, s. the act of 

Persuasive, per-swa-sYv, or Persuasory, 
per-swa-sor-y\ a. having power to 
persuade [tulant 

Pert, pert', a. brisk, smart, saucy, pe- 
Pertain, per-tane, v. 71. to belong 
Pertinacious, pe>-tY-na-shyUs, a. obsti- 
nate, stubborn, wilful 
Pertinacity, per-tt-naV-Yt-y, a. s. obsti- 
nacy, resolution 
Pertinent, per-tY-ngnt. a. fit, apt, to 

the purpose, apposite 
Pertingent, p£r-tYn'-dzh£nt, a. relating 
to, touching [smartness, sauciness 
Pertnesss, peVt-ngs, s. trifling or low 
Perturbate, per-ttir'-bat, v. a. to dis- 
quiet, to disturb, to confuse 
Perturbation, p6r-tur-ba-shun, s. dis- 
quiet of mind 
Pervade, per-va'dtf, V. a. to pass through 
Pervasion, p£r-va'-zhvm, s. the act of 
passing through [born, peevish 

Perverse, per-vers', a. obstinate, stub- 
Perverseness, per-ver's-nes, s. quality of 

being perverse 
Perversion, per-ver'-shan, s. a pervert- 
ing or turning to a wrong sense 
Pervert, per-vert', v. a. to distort frotn 

the true erd or purpose, to corrupt 
Pervertible, per vert'-Yb'l, a. that may 
be perverted [fully obstinate 

Pervicacious, per-vY-ka'-shvus, a. spite- 
Pervious, per'-vyus, a. admitting pas- 
sage i [false hair, a wig 
Peruke, per'-ukc, s. a head covering of 
Perusal, pe-ru-zvil, s. the act of reading 
over [observe 
Peruse, pe-ru'z<?, v. a. to read over, to 
Pest, pSst', s. a plague, any thing mis- 
chievous or destructive 
Pester, peV-ter, v. a. to disturb, to har- 

rass, to encumber 
Pestiferous, peVtYf '-er-us, a. deadly, 

destructive, infectious 
Pestilence, pgs'-ti'-le'ns, s. plague, a ma- 
lignant fever 


T 208 3 


Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— mgt, desist, me, her— chtn, chine, field, shirt. — 

Pharisee, faY-Y-se, s. a noted sec.arist 
of the Jews 

Pharmaceutic, t^r-ma" su'-ttk , a . relat- 
ing to the knowledge or art of phar- 
macy [the knowledge of drugs 

Pharmacology, t&Mni-kbT-o dzhy", s. 

Pharmacopoeia, far-ml-ko-pe-ya, s. a 
dispensatory [an apothecary 

Pharmacepolist, faY-ma-kcp'-o list, s. 

Pharmacy, faV-ma-sy, v. the act of pre- 
paring medicines, the trade of an 

' apothecary t [tower 

Pharos, fa'-ros, s. a light-house, a watch- 

Phasis, fa'-sfs, 5. in the plural Phases, 
fa'-sez, appearance of the moon, &c. 

Pheasant, fe'z'-e'nt, s. a kind of wild 
cock or hen 

Phenix, f&'-nfks, s. a bird supposed to 
exis* single, and to rise again from 
its own ashes 

Phenomenon, fe-nbm' en6n, s. an ex- 
traordinary appearance in the works 
of nature 

Phial, fi'-al, s. a small bottle 

Philanthropy, frl-an-tnro-py\ s. love of 
mankind [clamation 

Philippic, fll-Yp'-pfk, s. an invective, de- 

Philologer, fi-lbi'-o-dzher, s. a gramma- 
rian, a critic [cal, grammatical 

Philological, fi-lo-lbdzh'-Yk al, a. criti- 

Philoloay, fi-lbl'-d dzhy", s. criticism, 
grammatical learning 

Philomel, ftl'-6 mel, or Philomela, ftl- 
6-me-l£, s. the nightingale 

Philosophaster, ftl-bs-o-fas-ter, s. a 
smatterer m philosophy 

Philosopher, ffl-bs'-o-fer, s. a man deep 
in knowledge either moral or natural 

PhMosophers-stone, ffl-bs'-6-ferz-std"ne, 
s. a stone dreamed of by alchymists, 
which, it is pretended, by its touch 
turns metal into gold. 

Philosophic, fil-6-sbf '-f'k, a. belonging 
to philosophy, rational, wise 

Philosophize, f fl-bs'-o-f Ize, v, a. to rea- 
son like a philosopher 

Philosophy, f ll-bs'-d-fy, s. knowledge 
natural or moral, hypothesis to ex- 
plain natural effects 

Philter, f*l'-ter, s. something to cause 
love, to separate earth from water, 

Phiz, f Yz, I. the face, the countenance 

Phlebotomize, fle-bbt'-o-mize, v. a. to 
let blood 

Phlebotomy, fle bttt'-o-my 1 , s. the art or 
practice of blood-letting 

Phlegm, fiem', s. <*. wateiy humoui of 
the body 

Phlegmatic, fle -ma-tfk, a. abounding in 
phlegm, frigid, dull 

Phlegmon, fleg'-mon, s. a tumour, an 
inflammation [bleed with 

Phleme, fle'mc, ,v. an instrument to 

Phlogisticate, flo-dzhts'-tf-kate, v. a. to 
impregnate with phlogiston 

Phlogistic, fld-dzhYs'-fi'k, a. inflammable 

Phlogiston, flo-dzhts'-ton^s. a chymical 
liquor extremely inflammable 

Phonics, fbn'-Yks, s. doctrine of sounds 

Phenocamptic, fbn-6-k£mp'-tfk, a. hav- 
ing the power to inflect and alter 

Phosphorus, fbs'-fo-nis, s. the mottling 
star, a chymical substance which ex- 
posed to the air takes fire 

Phrase, fra'ze, s. an idiom or mode or 
speech, expression — v. a. to style, to 
call, to term 

Phraseology, fraz-oT-o-dzhy*, s. style, 
diction, phrase book 

Phrenetic, fre'-ne't'-'ik, a. mad, frantic 

Phrensy, fr6n'-zy, s. madness, frantic- 

Phthisic, tiz'-Yk, or Phthisis, fthi'-sYs, s. 
a consumption of the body [ease 

Phthisical, fiz'-ik-al, a. wasting by dis- 

Phylactery, fyi-ak'-te>-y, s. a bandage 
or scroll with some memorable sen 
tence inscribed on it 

Physic, fyz'-'xk, s. the science of healing, 
medicine — v. a. to purge 

Physical, fyz'-Yk-aJ, a. relating to na- 
ture, not moral, medicinal 

Physician, fyz-Ysh'-an, s. one who pro- 
fesses the art of healing 

Physicotheology, fyz'-Y-ko-tfce-br'-o- 
dzhy, s. divinity illustrated by na- 
tural philosophy 

Physics, fyz'-Yks, s. natural philosophy 

Physiognomy, f jfz-i-bg'-no my, s. the 
face, the cast of the look, the art of 
judging by the features of the face 

Physiological, fyz-t-d-16dzh"-Yk-&l, a, 
relating to physiology 

Physiology, fyz-Y-bl'-o-dzhy, s. the doc- 
trine of nature, natural philosophy 

Piacular, pl-&k'-u-la>, or Piaculous, pl- 
ak'.u-lus, a. expiatory, that requires 
expiation, criminal 

Pia-mater, pi a-ma'-te>, s. a thin mem- 
brane covering the brain 

Pianet, pf-a-net, s. a magpie, a specie* 
I of the woodpecker 

pis L 209 J PIM 

shot, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, thus, rye — hick. 

Pianoforte, pi-a'n o-fo"r-ta, s. a musical 

instrument flue about 5s. 

Piaster, pi-a's ter, s. a foreign coin va- 

piazza, pi-ar' ^a, s. a walk under a roof 

supported vy pillars 
Pica, pf-ka, s. a kind of printins letter 
Picaroon, ptk-a-ro'ne, s. a robber, a 

Pick. pYk', v.a. to cull, to choose, to 
gather, to pierce, to peck, to open — 
r. n. to eat slowly or little — s. a 
sharp-pointed iron tool 
Pickapack, p^k'-a-pak, ad. in manner of 
a pack [point 

Pickaxe, p*lk'-aks, s. an axe with a sharp 
Pickback, plk'-bak, a. on the back 
Picked, pVk'-fd, a. sharp, smart 
Pickerel, pfk'-er el, s. a small pike 
Pickle, ptk'I, s. a salt liquor, thing i 
pickled, state— v. a. to preserve in 
pickle [andrew t 

Pickleherring, pYkM-heY-rtnir, s. a merry- 
Picklock, plk'-iok. s. a tool to pick locks j 

with, a person who picks locks 
Pickpocket, pik'-pok-St, 5. a thief who j 

steals out of a pocket 
pickthank , pik'-thcingK., 5. an over offi- 
cious fellow, a tale-bearer 
Picktooth, ptk' toth, s. an instrument to 

clean teeth 
Pict. pikt', s. a painted person 
Pictorial, plk-to-ryal, a. produced by a 


Picture, pW-tfrrje, s. resemblance of 

persons or things in colours — v. a. 

to paint, to represent 

Picturesque, pYk-tQ-re'sk', a. suited to 

the pencil [to trifle 

Piddle, pfti'l,z>. n. to feed squeamishly, 

Pie, py', s. a crust baked with some- 

thing in it 

Piebald, py'-bald, a, of various colours 

Piece, pt'se, 5. a patch, a fragment, a 

part, a performance, a gun, a coin— 

v. a. to enlarge by adding a piece, to 


Picemeal. piVmele, ad. in pieces or 

fragments—./?, single, separate 
Pied, pi'de, a. party-coloured, varie- 
Piepowder-court , pi'-pow-der-kort, s. a 
court held in fairs for redress of dis- 
orders committed therein 
Pier, pi re, s. the columns on which the 
arch of a bridge is raised [to effect 
Pierce, piYse, v.a. to bore, to penetrate, 
Piety,pi'-e-ty>. discharge of duty to God 

Pig, pig', 5. a young sow or boar, an ob 

long mass of lead or unforged iron — 

v. n. to farrow, to bring forth pigs 

Pisreon, pfdzh'-6n,s. a well-known bird 

Pigeon-livered, ptdzh'-6n-lfv-erd, a. 

mild, gentle, timid 
Pig_iin, ptg'-g"i'n,$.a small wooden vessel 
Pigment, pig'-ment, $. paint, colours for 

Pigmy, plg'-my", s. a dwarf— or. small 
Pignoration, pig no-ra -shun, s. the act 

of pledging 
Pignut, pYg'-niit,5. an earth nut 
Pike, pi'ke, s. a fish of prey, a lance 
used by soldiers [point 

Piked, ptk'gd, a. sharp, ending in a 
Pilaster, pil a's ter, -. a small square 
column [herring 

Pilchard, pYlsh' ard, s. a fish like a 
Pile, pi'le, s. a piece of wood to make 
firm a foundation, heap, edifice, hair, 
nap— v. a. to heap or lay upon 
Piles, pl'!z,s. the haemorrhoids 
Pilfer, pll'-fer, v.a. to steal, to practise 

petty thefts 
Pilfery, p\T fer-^, s. petty theft 
Pilgarlic, ptl-gar-lik, s. a name of ridi- 
cule, a poor forlorn wretch 
Pilgrim, piT-grfm, s. one who travels 

on a religious account 
Pilgrimage, pil'-grtm-e'dzh, s. a journey 
on account of devotion [small ball 
Pill, pTI', s. a medicine made into a 
Pillage, pf;'-]gdzh, s. plunder 
Pillar, pll'-f&r, s. a column, supporter 
Piiion, piT-yon, *. a pad, a woman's 

Pillory, pll'-lor-^, a. an instrument of 
punishment— v. a. to punish with 
the pillory 
Pillow, pll' 15, 9. a sort of bag to lay the 
head on — v. a. to rest any thing on 
a pillow 
Pillowbear, pfl'-lo-ben?, or Pillowcase, 

ptl'-lo-kase, s. the cover of a pillow 
Pilosity, pi-los'A't-y', s. hairiness, rough- 
Pilot, pi'-lot, 5. he who steers the ship 
— v. a. to steer, to direct in the 
course [fice of a pilot 

Pilotage, pi'-lot edzh, s. the pay or of- 
Pimento, pf-mgn'-td, s. all-spice 
Pimp, ptmp', s. a procurer, a pander — 

v. n. to pander, to procure 
Pimping, plmp'-ing, a. little^ mean, 


[ 210 ] 


Sounds. — b£t, hate, bail, liar — m£t, desist, m6, her — chin, chine field, shirt- 

Pimple, pfmp'l, s. a small *-ed pustule 
on the skin 

Pin, pin', s. a short pointed wire with 
a round head, a peg, a bolt — v. a. to 
fasten with pins 

Pincers, pm'-serz, s. an instrument for 
drawing nails with 

Pinch, plnsh', v. a. to squeeze, to gripe, 
to distress — v. n. to bear hard upon, 
to be frugal — s. a painful squeeze, a 
small quantity contained between 
the finger and thumb 

Pinchbeck, pfnsh'-be'k, s. a compound 
metal resembling cold 

Pincushion, pin' kushon. s. a stuffed 
bag to stick pins in 

Pindaric, pfn-dar'-?k, a. in the manner 
of Pindar, lofty', sublime 

Pine, pi'ne, s. a tree — v. n to languish 
— v. a. to bemoan in silence 

Pineal, pln'-yal, a. resembling a pine- 
apple [beasts are confined 

Pinfold, pYn'-fold, s. a place in which 

Pinguid, plng'-gwid, a. fat, unctuous, 

Pinion, pin' yon, s. the wing of a fowl, 
fetters for the 'lands — v. a. to bind 
the wings or elbows to the sides, to 

Pink, ptngk', 5. a flower, a colour, a 
narrow-sterned ship, the minnow — 
v a. to work in eyelet holes -v. n. 
to wink with the eyes [inone} r 

Pinmoney, pin-mon-y\ s. a wife's pocket 

Pinnace, pfn'-ne's, s. a man of war's 
boat [spiring point 

Pinnacle, pln'-aVl, s. a turret, a high 

Pinner, pin'-ner, s. part of a head dress 

Pint, pi'nt, s. half a quart 

Pioneer, pi-6-ne're, s. a soldier to clear 
ways or sink mines 

Pious, pi'-us, a. devout, godly, religious 

Pip, ptp', s. a disease in fowls, a spot 
on cards— v. a. to chirp as a bird 

Pipe, pipe, s. a tube, a musical instru- 
ment, the key of the voice, a measure 
of two hogsheads— -v. n. to play on 
the pipe, to whine 1 

Piping, pi'pe-mg, a. weak, feeble, hot 

Pipkin, plp'-kin, s. a small earthen 

Pippin, pfp'-pYn, s. a small apple 

Piquant, pf'-kent, a. stimulating, sharp, 

Pique, pVk, s. ill-will, petty malice, en- 
mity— v. «. to touch with envy, to 

Piquet, p!-k£t', s. a game at cards 
Piquet, pik'-^t,9.a punishment in which 
a soldier is made to stand bare foot 
on a sharp pointed stick — v. a. to 
punish with the piquet 
Piracy, pi'-rft-sy 1 , s. robbery at sea 
Pirate, pi'- ret, s. a plagiary, a sea-robber 
Piratical, pi-rat'-l-kKl, a. predatory, 
thievish fing 

Piscary, pYs'-kar-^, s. privilege of fish- 
Piscatory, pfs'-ka-t6r-tf, a. relating to 
fishes fdiac 

Pisces, pls'-sez, s. the fishes in the zo- 
Piscina, pTs'-I-na, s. a bason-like lava- 
tory near the altar in many old 
churches [fLh pond 

Piscinal, pts'-Y-ndl, a. belonging to a 
Piscivorous, pls-siv'-d-rus, a. fish eat- 
ing, living on fish [clamation 
Pish, pish', inter), a contemptuous ex- 
Pismire, pls'-mlr^, s. an ant or emmet 
Piss, pis', v. n. to make water — s. urine 
Pissburnt, pls'-burnt, a. stained with 
urine [nut 
Pistachio, pYs-ta -sho,s. a fragrant Syrian 
Pistil, pts'-tii, s. the female organ of 

generation in plants 
Pistol, p"is'-t6l, s. a small handgun 
Pistole, pts'-to'Ie, s. a foreign coin of 

different value in different countries 
Piston, pfs'-ton, s. that part ot a pump 
whereby suction or attraction is 
Pit, pit', s. a hole, an abyss, the grave, 
an area on which cocks fight — v. a. 
to sink in hollows, to set on an area 
to fight f pitation 

Pitapat, plt'-a-pat, s. a flutter, a pal- 
Pitch, pYtsh', s. the resin of the pine, 
height, degree, rate— v. a. to fix, to 
plant, to throw headlong, to cast for- 
ward, to smear with pitch — v. n to 
drop, to fall headlong, to fix choice 
Pitcher, pitsh'-er, 5. an earthen vessel, 
an iron bar [husbandry 

Pitchfork, pltsh'-fo'rk, s. a fork used in 
Pitchy, pf tsh'-y", a. smeared with or like 

pitch, dark, dismal 
Pitcoal, ptt'-kole, s. fossile coal 
Piteous, pft'-yus, a. sorrowful, com- 
passionate, tender, meai 
Pitfall, pU'-fal, s. a pit dug and cover- 
ed over 
Pith, pith', s. the soft part in the midst 
of the wood, marrow, strength, energy 
Pithy, pfth'-y, a. consisting of pith, 
strong, energetic 


r fen 3 


shot, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Pitiful, pYt'-f-fQl, a. compassionate, 

melancholy, paltry [ a pit 

Pitman, pft'-man, s. one who works in 

pittance, pYt'-tens, s. an allowance of 

food, a small portion 
Pitted, pYt'-e'd, part, sunk in hollows 
Pituitous, plt-u'-tt-us, a. consisting of 

Pity, pft'-y", s. sympathy with misery 
or pain — v. a. to compassionate mi- 
'■' sery [thing turns 

Pivot, pYv'-dt, s. a pin on which any 
Pix, ptks', s. the box for the conse- 
crated host [be appeased 
Placable, pla'-keb'l, a. that which may 
Placability, pla-ka-bYT-Y-ty, s. willing- 
ness or possibility to be appeased 
Placard, pla-ka'rd, or Placart, pla-ka'rt, 

s. an edict, a manifesto 
Place, pla'se, s. a particular portion of 
space, or space in general, locality, 
existence, residence, rank, office, 
room— v. a. to put in anyplace or 
•rank, to fix, to establish 
Placid, plas'-Yd, a. gentle, quiet, mild 
Placit, plas'-Yt, s« decree, determina- 
tion [petticoat 
Placket, plftk'-e't, s. che open part of a 
Plagiarism, pla-dzhY-a-rtzm, s. literary 
theft [rature, a literary theft 
Plagiary, pla'-dzhar-Y, s. a thief in lite- 
Plague, pla'ge, s. a pestilence, trouble — 

v. a. to trouble, to teaze, to afflict 
Plaguy, pla'-gy", a. vexatious, trouble- 
some [fish 
Plaice, plase, s. a common kind of flat 
Plaid, plad, s. a variegated cloth, a 

Scotch dress 
Plain, plit'ne, a. smooth, level, simple, 
sincere, evident — ad. distinctly, sim- 
ply, flatlv — s. level ground, a flat, 
field of battle— v. a. to level, to 
make even 
Plaindealing, plane de-lfnsf, a. acting 
without art — s. management void of 
Plainly, plane-ly\ ad. openly, clearly 
Plainness, plane-n^s, s. sincerity, open- 
ness, simplicity, [plaint 
Plaint, plant, s. a lamentation, a com 
Plaintiff, pla'n-tff, s. he that com. 

mences a suit 
Plaintive, plan-tfv, a. expressive of sor- 
row [needle work 
Plainwork, plane- w6rk, v. common 
Plait, pla'te, s.a fold, a double— -v. a. 
to fold 

Plan, plaV, s. a scheme, a form, a mo- 
del — v. a. to scheme, to design 
Planched, plansht , a. made of boards 
Plancher, plan' *he>, s. a board, a p'ank 
Punching, plan'-shtne, s. a layer of the 

floors in a buildms 

Plane, plane, s. a level surface, a tool 

for smoothing boards — v. ".to lever, 

to smooth i tall tree 

Plane-tree, pla'ne-tre, s. a sort of fine 

Planet, plan'-et, s a celestial body which 

moves round and receives h^ht from 

the sun' [the lanets 

Planetary, plan'-e-tar-tf, a. pertaining to 

Planetstruck, planet strtik. a. blasted, 

amazed [Hon of plane surfaces 

Planimetry, pla -ni'm' e-trV, 5. mensura- 

Planisphere, pi An' Y-sfere, s. a sphere 

projecting on a plane 
Plank, pi&nsk', s. a board— v. a. to 

cover or lay with planks 
Planoconcave, pla-no kon"-kav, a. fat 
on one side and concave on the other 
Planoconvex, p!a'-no kon"-veks, " flat 

on one side and convex on the other 

Plant, plant', s. any vegetable -ioduc- 

tion — v. a. to put into the ground, to 

set, to place, to settle 

Plantain, plan' tin, s. .,n herb, a tree 

bearing an esculent fruit 
Plantation, plan-ta-shuu, s. a place 

planted, a colony 
Planted. pl?.n'-t^d,«. settled, established 
Planter, plan:-er, s. one who plants 

and cultivates 
Plash, plash', s. a small puddle of wa 
ter— v. a. to dash with water, to in- 
terweave branches 
Plashy, plXsh'-v, a. filled with puddles 
Plasm, plSssm', s. a mould a matrix for 

Plaster, plas'-ter, s. lime prepared to 
co^er walls, a salve— v. a. to cover 
with plaster 
Plasterer, plas'-ter-er, s. one who over- 
lays walls, &c. with a mort-r [ form- 
Plastic, pi vV-tYk, o.havin? power to give 
Plat, plat', v. a. to weave — s. a small 

piece of ground 
Plate, pla'te, s. wrought metal, a shal- 
low vessel to eat on— v. a. to cover 
or arm with plates 
Platform, plat'-fti'rm, * an hoiizontal 
plain, a level [heavier than sold 

Platina, plat'Y-na, 8 a white metal 
Platonic, pll-ton'-rk, a. pertaining to 
the doctrine of Plato, pure 

PLE t 212 j PLU 

Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — mfct, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt. - 

Platoon, pla-to'ne, s. a square body of 
musketeers [wooden dish 

Platter, plat'-ter, s. a large earthen or 
Plaudit, pla -dtt, s. applause 
Plauditory, pla'-dft-6r-y\ a. praising 
Plausibility, pla zl biT-tt-y, s. appear- 
ance of right [pleasing, specious 
Plausible, pla-sflb'I, a. superficially 
Plausive, pla-sfv, a. applauding, plau- 
£" sible 

Pla} T , pla, v. n. to sport, to toy, to 
trifle, to game — v. a. to put in action 
or motion, to use an instrument of 
music, to act or perform — s. amuse- 
ment, sport, a drama, game 
Playsome, pla'-som, a. sportive, full of 
levity [logy 

Plea, pie', s. a form of pleading, an apo- 
Plead, plede, v. n. to argue before a 
court of justice — v. a. to defend, to 
discuss [any thing in a court 

Pleader, pled-er, s. one who argues 
Pleading pled-Yng, s. the act or form 
of pleading [lively, ludicrous 

Pleasant, plez'-gnt, a. delightful, gay, 
Pleasantry, pleVen-tr^, s. gaiety, mer- 
riment, lively talk 
Please, ple'ze, V. a. to delight, to hu- 
mour, to content — v. n. to give plea 
sure [tion, choice 

Pleasure, pl&h'-ur, s. delight, gratifica- 
Plebeian, pie ba-yan,a. popular, vulgar 
Pledge, ple"dzh', s. a pawn, a surety— 

v. a. to pawn, to invite to drink first 
Pledget, ple'dzh'-e't, s. a small mass of 

Pleiads pla-j-ads, or Pleiades, pla-ya- 

dez, s. a northern constellation 
Plenary, plen'-ar-y 1 , a. full, complete 
Plenil unary, plen'Mlu-nar-y, a. relat- 
ing to the full moon 
Plenipoten^ple-ntp'-d-tent, a. invested 

with full power 
Plenipotentiary, plen-l-po-ten'-shar -y\ s. 
anegociator invested with full powers 
Plenist, pie -ntst, s. a philosopher who 

holds all space to be full of matter 
Plenitude, plen'-Y-tude, s. fulness- 
Plenteous, plen'-tyus, a. copious, fertile 
Plentiful, pleii'-ti-ful, a. abundant, co- 
Plenty, plen'-ty*, s. abundance, fruitful- 

Pleonasm, pl&'-o-nazm, s. redundancy 

of words 
Plethora, pMfc'-o-ra, or Plethory, 
ple'th'-d-ry", s. a fullness of habit 

Plethoretic, pIe"th-6-reV Yk, or Pletho. 
ric, ple-thor'-tk, a. having a full habit 

Plevin, pleV-fn, s. in law a warrant or 
assurance [chest 

Pleura, plu'ra, s. the skin that covers the 

Pleurisy, plu'-rts-^, .s. an inflammation 
of the pleura [pleurisy 

Pleuritic, plu'-rtt-ik, a. diseased with a 

Pliable, ph'-eb'l, or Pliant, pli'-ent, a. 
flexible, limber, easily persuaded 

Pliers, pli'-erz, .?. a kind of small pincers 

Plight, plfte, v. a. to pledge— s. condi- 
tion, good case, pledge [of a pilar 

Plinth, plinth, s. the lowermost part 

Plod, pl&d', v. n. to toil, to drudge, to 
study closely and dully 

Plot, plftt', s. a small extent of ground, 
conspiracy, intrigue, stratagem, con- 
trivance — v. n. to contrive, to plan 

Plover, pl6V-er, s. a lapwing 

Plough, plSw', 8. an instrument in hus- 
bandry — v. a. to turn up the ground 
with the plough 

Ploughland, plo'w-land, s. as much 
land as one team could cultivate 

Ploughman, plbw'-man, s. one who uses 
the plough, a strong laborious man 

Plough- Monday, plow'-mtin-dy, s. the 
Monday after Twelfth-day 

Ploughshare, plow'-share, s. that part of 
the plough which pierces the ground 

Pluck, pluk', v. a. to snatch, to pull, to 
draw, to strip of feathers — s. a pull, 
the heart with liver and lights 

Plug, plttg', s. a stopple — v. a. to stop 
with a plug [the sum of 100,0001. 

Plum, plum', s sort of fruit, dried grapes, 

Plumage, plu'-medzh, s. feathers 

Plumb, plum', s. a plummet — ad. per- 
pendicular to the horizon — v. a. to 
sound, to regulate by the plummet 

Plumber, pltfm'-er, s. one who works 
upon lead 

Plume, plume, s. a feather, pride, tow- 
ering mein— if. a. to adjust feathers 
or place as a plume, to make proud, 
to strip [ing feathers 

Plumigerous, plu-nVidzh'-er-us, a. hav- 
Plummet, plUm'-met, s. a leaden weight 
or pencil [ing feathers' 

Plumosity, plu-mSs'-'it-Jf, s. state of hav- 
Plumous, pifi'-mus, a. feathery, like 

Plump, plftmp', a.sleek, full and smooth 
— v. a. to fatten, to swell — v.n. to 
fall like a stone into the water, to be 
swollen-— ad. with a sudden fall 


C 21* 1 


shftt, note, ldse, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Plumper, pltimp'-er, .?. a sudden stroke, 

what plumps out 
Plumpy, plump'-V, a. plump, fat 
Plumy, plu'-my/a. feathered 
Plunder, pltin'-der, v. a. to pillage, to 

rob — s. spoils gotten in war or by 

Plunge, plttndzh', v. a. to put suddenly 

under water*— v. n. to drive, to fall 

or lush into hazard or distress — s. 

putting or sinking into waier 
Plunket, plunk'-St, s. a kind of blue co 

lour [one 

Plural, pi u'r&l, a. implying more than 
Pluralist, plu-raT-ist, s. a clergyman 

who holds more benefices than one 
Plurality, plu-raT-1-ty, s. a number of 

two or more 
Plush, plush', s. a kind of shaggy cloth 
Pluvial, plu'-vyal, or Pluvious, plu'- 

vyus, a, rainy, wet 
Ply, ply v. a. to w ork closely, to em- 

ploy with diligence or set on wok, 

to practise diligently, to solicit — v.n. 

to bend— *. a bent, a plait [wind 

PneuCiatic, nu-maY-Yk, a. relating to 
Pneumatics, nu-mftt'-lks, 5. the doctrine 

of the air 
Pneumatology, nu-ma-toT-6-dzb.y,s. the 

doctrine of spiritual existence 
Pneumonic, nu mon'-'ik, a. belonging 

to or good for the lungs— s. a medi- 
cine for the lungs 
Poach, po'tsh, v. a. to boil slightly, to 

s'.ral game 
Poacher, potsher, s. one who takes 

game secretly and unlawfully 
Pock, pbY, s. a pustule of the small'pox 
Pocket, pftk'-et, s. a small bag inserted 

inro clothes — v. a. to put into the 

Pocky, pok' f f a infected with the pox 
Poculent, puk'-u-lent, a. fit for drink, 

Pod, pfid', $. the case of seeds 
Podagrical, po-dag'-rf-kal, a. gouty, re- 
lating to the gout [cod 
Podder, pod' der, s. a gatherer of pease- 
Podge, podzn', s. a puddle, a plash, a 

watery p'ace 
Poem, po'-Cm, s. a composition in verse 
Poesy, po-e-sy, s. the art of writing 

Poet, po' et, s. a writer of poems 
Poetaster, po-et as'-ter, s. a vile petty 

Poetess, pd'-e-tes, s. a female poet 

Poetic, po-^t'-ik,a. expressed in poetry, 
pertaining to poetry [p. et 

Poetize, po-£t-ize, v. n. to write like a 
Poetry, po' et-ry, s. metrical conrposi- 
tion, poems [sa'irical 

Poignant, pbY-ne'nt, a. sharp, keen, 
Point, point, s. a sharp end sting of an 
epigram, indivisible part of time ox 
space, nicety, a dot, the stop ( ), 
aim, single posi ion, single par of a 
question— t. a. to sharpen, to direct 
— v. n. to note with the finger, to 
show, to distinguish by dots or stops 
Pointed, pbYm-e'd, a. sharp, keen 
roise, poVz, . balance, regulating pow- 
er — v. a. to ralance, to weigh 
Poison, poiz'n, s. wha destroys life 
venom— v. a; to infect with poison 
to corrupt [tniniag 

Poisonous, pbYz'n-us, a. venomous 
Poke, poke, s. a pocket, a small bag^ 
v. a. to feel in ihe dark, to search 
out [stirring the fire 

Poker, poker, 5. an instrument fot 
Polar, po'-!ar, a. pertaining to tb« \ oe 
Polarity, po-laV-'it-y, s. tendency to tl>e 


Polary, po'-ldr-^, a tending to the *>oIe 

Pole, pb'le, s eitnei extremity of the 

axis of the earth, a long staff or piece 

oftimbc ereced, a measure of five 

3 r ards and a half— v. a. to furnish 

with poles [animal 

Polecat, po'le-kat, s. a kind of sihuing 

Poledavey, po'le-da vV, s. a kind of 

coarse cloth or canvas 
Polemic, po lgm'-lk a. controversial, 
disputative -s. a disputant, a contro. 
Polestar, po'le-star, s. a star hear the 

pole, a guide or director 
Police, po-li's, $. the regulation and go- 
vernment of a city or country 
Policy, pol'-ts-y, 6 1 . art of governmc at, 


Polish, poTtsh, v. a. to smooth, to g oss 

— r>. 7?. to receive a gloss - s. ait fi- 

cial gloss, elegance of manners 

Polite, po-li'te, a. glossy, elegant of 

manners, genteel [a ai s, cunning 

Politic, poT V v ik. a. prudent, versed i i 

Poli ician, p61 t-tlsh'-an, *. one skilled 

in politics [government 

Politics, p5l'-Y-ttks, s. the scien e of 

Poll ure, pbT-f-ture, s. the g oss g ven 

by polishing [civil constitution 

Polky, pol'-Yt-y, s. form of government, 


I «14 ] 


Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liAr — mSt, desist, me, her — chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Poll, po'le, 5. the head, list of voters, 
register of heads — v. n. to lop the 
top of trees, to cut off hair, to clip 
short, to take a list or register of 
voters, to vote [bran 

Pollard, pbT-lard,s. a tree lopped, fine 
Pollute, pbl-lu'te, v. a. to defile, to cor- 
Polluted, pol-lu-te'd, a. defiled 
Pollution, pul-lu'-shtin, s. a defiling or 

being defiled 
Poltroon, pol-tro'ne, s. a coward 
Poly acoustic, po-iy-a-kbu's-tik, s. what 

multiplies sounds 
Polyanthos, pd-iy-an'- trios , s. a sort of 

plant bearing many flowers 
Polycdron, po-!y e-dron, s.a solid hav- 
ing many sides [of wives 
Polygamy* po-l^g'-a-my", s. a plurality 
Polyglot, pbl'-^-glot, a. having many 
languages [angles 
Polygon, pol -^-gon, s, a figure of man}' 
Polygonal, po lyg'-o-nal, a. having many 


Polygraphs, po lyV-riif y\ s. the art of 

writing in seveial manners or cyphers 

Polypody, po-ltp'-o-d^, s. a species of 

moss [with many feet 

Polypus, pul'-y'-pus, s. a sea animal 

Polysyllabical, pbl-y" syd-lab'-t-kad, a. 

having many syllables, pertaining to 

a polysyllable 

Polysyllable, pbl-y.syi'-leb'l, s. a word 

of more than three syllables 
Polytheism, pol' -y-tnfi-fzm, 5. the doc- 
trine of plurality of gods 
Pomace, pom'-as, s. the refuse of the 

apple after the cider is pressed out 
Pomaceous, po-ma-shus, a. consisting 
of apples [ment 

Pomade, po-made, s. a fragment oint- 
Pomatum, po ma tum,s. a sort of oint- 
Pomegranate, pom-gran'-el, s. a tree 
and its fruit [apple 

Pomeroy, p6m'-rSy\ s. a large kind ot 
Pomifeious, po-mSlf'-er-us, a. bearing 

Pommel , pom'-mel, s, a knob on a sword 
or saddle— v. a. to bruise, to beat 
black and bine 
Pornp, pomp', s. splendour, pride 
Pompion. u6m'-py6n, s. a pumpkin 
Pomposity, p«',m-pbs'-'it-y, s. affectation 
Pompous, pom -pus, a. magnificent, 
showv, ostentatious [water 

Pond, pond', s. a small pool or lake of 

Ponder, pbn'-der, v. a. to weigh men 

tally, to consider, to muse 
Ponderal, pbn'-der-al, a. estimated by 

u eight 

Ponderosity, pon der-bs'M ty", s. weight, 

gravity [portant, forcible 

Ponderous, pon-der-us, a. weighty, im- 

Poniard, pon'-yard, s-. a small pointed 

dagger — v. a. to stab with a poniard 
Pontack, pbn'-tak, s. the best sort of 
claret [tion of ijidnns 

Pontage, pbn'-t£dzh, s. duty for epara- 
Pontiff po'n-tYf,.?. a high priest, the Pope 
Pontifical, pbn tff'-t-kal, a. bel nging 
to a pontiff — s. a book of ecclesiasti- 
cal rites and ceremonies 
Pontificate, \tfth -ttf-f-kfct,s. capacy, tht 

Ponton, pbn-to'ne, s. a fl»ating bridge 
Pony, pb'-ny, s. a small horse 
Pool, po'ie, 5. a lake of standing water 
Poop, pope, s. the hindmost part of the 
ship ^ [deje cted 

Poor, pf/re, a. indigent, paltry, mean, 
Poorspirited, po'r-spir'-'it-e'd, a. mean, 


Pop, pop', »•. a small smart sound— v .n. 

to move or enter quickly or slily— 

v. a. to put out or in suddenly or 

slily [fish 

Pope, po'p^, s. the bishop of Home, a 

Popedom, p6'pe-d6m,«. jurisdiction of 

the Pope 
Popery, p<3-peY-V, ?• the popish religion 
Popeseye, pops-i', s. a gland iu tiie mid- 
dle of the thigh 
ropgun,pbp'-gun, ?. a child's gun 
Popinjay, pop'-ln-dzha, s. a parrot, a 

woodpecker, a trifling fop 
Popish, po'-plsh, a. taught by the Pope, 

Poplar, pbp'-lar, s. a sort of tree 
Poppy, pbp'-p^. s. a sort of i.lant 
Populace, pbp'-u Ids, s. the common 

people, the multitude 

Popula', pbp'-u-lai, a. vulgar, pleasing 

to the people [of the people 

Popularity, pbp-u lar"it-y\ s.t'he favour 

Populate, p6p'-u late, v. n. to breed 

Population, pbp-fk-la-shun, s. the num- 
ber of people [well inhabited 
Populous, pbp'-u-lus, a. full of people, 
Porcelain, pbr'-sel-en, s. china ware 
Porch, poMsh, s. an entrance with a 
roof, a portico [large hedge hog 
Porcupine, pbr-kft-pine, «. a kind of 

POS [ 215 ] POS 

shot, note, lose, act6r — hat, push, mute, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Pore, pore, s. passage of perspiration — ' 
v. n. to look with great intenseness 
and care 
Pork, po'rk, s. swine's flesh 
Porker, pork er, s. a hoc, a pig 
Porket, po-rk-Sc,or Porkling, pork-ling, 
s. a young pig [iog pores 

Porosity, po-roV-lt?, s. qualify of hav- 
Porous, po'-rus, a. having pores, full of 
pores [marble 

Porphyry, p8'r-fir-y\ s. a kind of fine 
Porpoise, or Porpus, por-pus, s. a sea- 
Porridge, pbV-rfdzh,s. broth 
Porringer, p5r-vfn-dzLer, s. a vessel fo. 

Port, port, s. a harbour, aperture sX 
which the gun is put out, air, mein, 
a sort of Portugal wine 
Portable, port-eb'l, a. that may be car- 
ried, supportable 
Portage, po'rt&lzh, s. price of carriage, 
a porthole [which the gate opens 
Portal , po'r-ta! , s. a gate, the arch under 
Portance, por-tens, s. air, mein, de- 
meanor [bridge 
Portcullis, port-kni'-lfs.s. a sort of draw- 
Ported po'r-te'd, a. born in a regula 
order [foretoken 
Portend, por-timd', v. a. to forebode, to 
Portension, p&r-ten' -shun, s. the act of 
foretokening [tokening of ill 
Portent, pbr-tent, s. omen or fore- 
Portentous, por-ten'-tus, a. monstrous, 


Porter, pb'r-ter, s. one that has the 

charge of a gate or waits at the door 

to receive messages, a carrier, a kind 

of strong beer [a porter 

Porterage, por-ter-fe'dzh, $. the hire of 

Portfire, port-fire, s. a kind of fire or 

match for discharging cannon 
Porthole, po'rt hole, s. a hole, to point 
cannon through [piazza 

Portico, p&'r-ti-ko, s. a covered walk, a 
Portion, po'r-shun, s. part, allotment — 
v. a. 10 parcel, to endow with a for- 
Portly, port-iy, a. grand of mein, bulky 
Portmanteau, port-man' to, $. a bag for 
carrying clothes [from life 

Portrait, po'r-tratc, s. a picture drawn 
Portray, por-tra'.c. a. to paint, to adorn 
Pory, po'-ry, a. full of pores 
Pose, po'ze, v. a. to puzzle by questions, 

to examine 
Posited, p5a'.tt-e'd > a, placed, rangeq 

Position, po-zfsh-un, s. a situation, 
principle laid down [position 

Positional, po-zfsh'-dn-aU, a. respecting 

Positive, pbz'-l't tv, a. real, absolute, 
peremptory [large body 

Posse, pbs'-se, s. an armed power, a 

Possess, poz ze's', v. a. to be master of, 
to enjoy, to obtain 

Possession, p5z-z^sh'-6n, s. a having in 
one's own power, property 

Possessive, poz-zfe's'-tv, or Possessory, 
poz'-z£s-sor-y, a. having possession 

Possessor, poz-zeV-br, s. a proprietor, 
an owner [wine, &c e 

Posset, j*-oV-s£t, s. milk curdled with 

Possibility, pbs-sl-biT-it-y, s. the power 
of being or doing 

Possible, pos'-stb'l, a. having the power 
to be or to do, not absurd 

Post, po'st, s. a nasty messenger, a 
qjiick. manner of travelling, situa- 
tion, military station, employment, a 
piece of timber — v. n. to travel with 
speed — r. a. to fix opprobriously on 
posts, to station, to register metho- 
dically [letters 

Postage, po'st-gdzh, s. money paid for 

Postboy, po'st-bo^, s. boy that carries 
letters [carriage 

Postchaise, po'st-shaze, s. a light body 

Postdate, post-da te, v. a. to date later 
than the real time 

Posterior, pos-te'-ryor, a. happening C' 
placed alter, backward 

Posteriority, pos-te-rybr'-Yt-y, a. state 
of being after [parts, ttie breech 

Posteriors, pos-te'-rybrz, s. the hinder 

Posterity, pos-ter'-lt y, s. succeeding 
generations [tie door 

Postern, pbs'-tern, s. a small gate, a lit- 

Posthaste, po'st-ha'ste, acL very fast or 
quick [in letters 

Posthouse, po'st-hotis, s. a house to take 

Posthumous, post'-hu-mus, rt.done, had, 
or published after 0112's death 

Postillion, pos-tll'-yon, s. one who rides 
the first horse in a carriage 

Postmaster, post-mas ter, s. one who 
has charge of a post-office 

Postmeridian, po'st-mg-rtd'-yan, a. be- 
ing in the afternoon 

Postomce, po'st-bf'-fls, 5. a posthouse, 
a place for letters 

Postpone, post-pone, v. a. to put off, to 
delay, to undervalue 

Postscript, po'st-skrYpt, s. a paragraph 
added to the end of a letter 


[ 216 j 


Sounds.— nat, hate, hall, liar— m£t, desist, me, her— chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Postulate, pbY-tu late, i?. a. to beg or 

• assume without proof 

Postulate, pos' -til-let,*, a position with- 
out j roof 

Postulation, pbs-tu-la'-shtin, s. a sup- 
posing wit I'ou- proof 

Postulaory. pos'-tu la-tor-V, a. assum- 
ing or assumed without proof 

Postuie pbs-t&re, s. position, state, dis- 
position [nosegay 

Posy, poz?, 5. a motto on a ring, a 

Pot, p6t\ s. a vessel for boiling or hold- 
in., liquids— v. a. to preserve or sea- 
son in pots 

Potable, pd-t£b 1, or Potulent, pbt'-ii- 
le^t, a. fit to drink [pickle 

Potargo, pbt-a'r go, s. a West Indian 

Potash, pot-ash, s. ashes made from ve- 
getables [a draught 

Potation, po ta'-shun,.s. a drinking-bout, 

Potato, po-ta-to, s. an esculent root 

Potbelly, poV-bel-ly'.s. a swelling paunch 

Potch, pt/ish, V. a. tQ thrust, to brush, 
to boil slighcly [fellow drinker 

Potcornpanion, pot"-k6m-pUn'-y6n, s. a 

Potent, po tent, a. powerful, efficaci- 
ous, mighty [prince 

Potentate, po-ten-tet, s. a monarch, a 

Potenial, po-ten'-shal, a. existing in 
possibility, not in act, efficacious 

Poihanger, pot'-hang-er, s. a hook to 
hang pots on 

Pothecary, pbth'-e-kar-V, s. apothecary 

Pother, ptfth' er, s. a bustle, a tumult — 
v.n. to make a blustering ineffectual 
e ort — v. a. to turmoil, to puzzle 

Potion, po'-shtin s. a draught 

Potsheid, pbt' sherd, s. fragment of a 
broken pot 

Pottage, pSt'-tgdzh. s. any thing boiled 
or decocted for food 

Pottery, pbt'-ter-y 1 , s. the work, &c. of 
a potter, the place where earthen 
ware is made 

Pottle, pot 1, s. a measure of four pints 

Potvaliant , pbt'-val-ygnt, a. made con- 
rageous with drink 

Pouch, pbu'tsh, s. a small bag, a 
pocket, tlie paunch 

Poverty, pov'-er ty 1 , *. indigence, ne- 
cessity, meanness 

Poult, po'lt, s. a young chicken 

Poulterer, po'l ter-er, s. one who sells 
fowls ready picked 

Poultice, po'l-tis, <t. a mollifying appli- 
cation— v. a. to apply a poultice 

Poultry, po'l-try, 5. domestic fowls 

Pounce, pbu'ns, s. the talon of a biid 
of prey, gum sandarach powder 

Pouncebox, pou'ns-b5ks, s. a small box 
for pounce 

Pound, pbu'nd, s a weight of 12 ounces 
in Troy and 16 in Avoirdupois, 20 
shillings, a pinfold — v. a. to beat 
with a pestle, to shut up 

Poundage, pbu'nd-fdzh.s. an allowance 
of so much iu the pound, payment 
rated by the weight of the commo- 

Pounder, pbd'nd-er, s. a pestle, a gun 
that carries a bullet of some pounds 

Pour, po're, v. a. to empty liquids out 
of any vessel — v. n. to flow rapidly, 
to rush tumultuously 

Pout, pou't, s. a kind of bird or fish — 
v. n. to look sullen, to frown 

Powder, pbw'-der, s. dust, gunpowder, 
dust for the hair— v. a. to reduce to 
dust, to sprinkle wi:h dust 

Powdering- tub, pow'-der-ing-ttib, s. a 
vessel for salting meat 

Powdery, pbw'-der-^, s. dusty, friable 

Power, pow'-er, s. might, authority, in- 
fluence, ability, strength, force, mili 
tary force 

Powerful, pbw'-erful, a. having power, 
strength, or authority [ease 

Pox, pbks',s. pustules, the venereal dis- 

Practicable, prak'-tl keb'l, a. that may 
be performed, feasible, assailable 

Practical, prak'-ti-kal, a. relating to ac- 
tion, not merely theoretical 

Practice, prak'-Ws, s. habit, use, actual 
performance, method, art 

Practise, praV-tts, v. a. to do habitual- 
ly, to exercise — v. n. to have a habit 
of acting, to exercise any profession 

Practitioner, prak ttsh'-6n-er, 5. one en- 
gaged in any art 

Prsecognita, pre-kbg-rii-ta, s. things pre- 
viously known [impertinent 

Pragmatic, prag-mat'-fk, a. meddling, 

Praise, pra'ze, s. renown, laud, com- 
mendation — v. a. to commend, to 
applaud to glorify in worship 

Prame, praftie, s. a flat-bottomed boat 

Prance, pra'ns, v. n. to spring or bound 

Prank, prangk', s. a frolic, a wild flight, 
a wicked act 

Prate, pra'te, v. n. to talk idly, to chat- 
ter— s. tattle, unmeaning loquacity 

Prattle, prat'l, v. n. to talk lightly, t« 
chatter— s. trifling,talk 


C 217 ] 


shot, note, lose, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Pravity, praY-'it-y, 5. corruption, ma- 
Jignity [larger 

Prawn, pra n, s. a fish like a shrimp but 
Pray, pra, v. n. to make petitions, to 
ask submissively— v. a. to supplicate, 
to implore [treaty 

Prayer, pra'rf, s. petition to heaven, en- 
Preach, pr£'tsh, v. n. to deliver a public 
discourse upon sacred subjects— v. a, 
to harangue tediously 
Preacher, pretsh'-er, s. one who incul- 
cates earnestly 
Preamble, pre-amVl, <?. an introduction 
Preambulary, pre-am'-bu-lir-V, or Pre- 
ambulous, pre-am'-bu-lus, a. previous 
Preapprehension , pre'-ap pre-hen"-shun, 
s. opinion formed before examination 
Prebend, prfeb'-e'nd, S. a stipend in ca- 
thedral churches, a p'ebendary 
Prebendal, preV-en-dal, a. belong to a 
prebend [diary of a cathedral 

Prebendary, preb'-gn dar \ r , 5. a stipen- 
Precarious, pre-ka'-ryus, a. dependant, 

Precaution, pre-ka-shun, s. preventive 
measures — v. a. to warn before hand 
Precedaneous, pre-se-da-i:yus,a. previ- 
ous, antecedent [rank or time 
Precede, pre-sede, v. a. to go before in 
Precedence, pre ce -dens, s. priority, 
eoing before in ceremony [before 
Precedent, pre'-su dent, a. former, going 
Precedent, pre's'-e-duit, s. example, 

thing done before of the same kind 
Precentor, piemen-tor, s. he that leads 
the choir [rule, a mandate 

Precept, pre sept. $. an authoritative 
Preceptive, pre-sep'-tiv, a. containing 
or giving precepts [tutor 

Preceptor, pre-sep'-tor, s. a teacher, a 
Precession, pre-sfeh' on, s. the act of 

going before 
Precinct, pre stngkt, s. an outward 
limit, a boundary [worth 

Precious, pre'sh'-us, a. valuable, of great 
Precipice, pres'-fp-Ys, s. a perpendicular 
declivity [headlong, hasty, rash 

Precipitant, pre-stp'-f-tgnt, a. falling 
Precipitate, pre-s¥p'-i-tate,v. a. to throw 
headlong, to hurry — v. n. to fall 
headlong, to hasten 
Preciphae, pre slp'-t-tet, a. headlong, 
hasty, violent— s. a corrosive mercu- 
rial medicine [blind haste 
Precipitation, pre- sfp'-f-ta'-shun,A\ hurry, 
Precipitous, pre-stp'-t-tOs a headlong, 
steep, hasty 

Precise, presl'ze, a. formal, exact, nice, 
finical [tion, uicety 

Precision, pre-sfch'-un , s. exact limita- 

Precisive, pre-si' sYv, a. exac tl> limiting 

Preclude, pre-klude, v. a. to shut out 
or hinder by anticipation 

Precogitate. pre-kodzh-f-tate, v. a. to 
consider beforehand 

Precogitation, pre kodzh-Y-ta"-shtin, s. 
previous consideration 

Precognition, pre'-kbg nYsh'-un, 5. pre- 
vious knowledge 

Preconceit, pre'-kon-se'te, s. opinion 
previously formed 

Preconceive, pre'-kon-si've, v . a. to form 
an opinion beforehand 

Preconception, pre'-kon-s^p'-shun, $. a 
previous opinion [over beforehand 

Preconsign, pre'-kon-sVn^, v. a. to make 

Precontract, pre'-kon"-trakt, s. a previ- 
ous contract [contract beforehand 

Precontract, pre-kon-tr&kt", v. a. to 

Precurse, pre-kurs', s. a forerunning 

Precursive, pre-kur'-slv, a. forerunning 

Piecursor, pre-kur-sor, s. a foreiunner, 
a harbinger [prey 

Predacious, pre-da'-shus. a. living by 

Predal, pre'-dal, a. practising plunder, 
robbing [ravenous 

Predatory, pre'd'-a-t6r-y\ a. plundering, 

Predecessor, pred-e seV-sor, 5. one going 
before, an ancestor 

Predestinarian pre-des ti-na"-ry#n, s. 
one that holds the doctrine of predes- 

Predestinate, pre-des'-tY-nat<?, v. a. to 
decree irreversibly beforehand 

Predestination, pre'-des tt-na'-shnn, s. 
preordination [beforehand 

Predestine, pre-des'-tYn, v. a. 'o decree 

Predetermination, pre'-de-ter'-nri-na"- 
shtin, s. previous resolution 

Predetermine, pre-de t r-mYn, v. a. to 
doom by previous decree 

Predial, pre-dyal, a. consisting of farms 

Predicament, pr£d tk'-a-ment, s. a class, 
arrangement, kind 

Predicamental, pred-T-ka-men'-tal, a. re- 
lating to predicaments 

Predicant, pred'-kgnt, s. one that affirms 
any thing [declare 

Predicate, pr£d'-t kate, v. a. to atfirm or 

Predicate. pred'-iket, «. what is affirm- 
ed of the subject 

Predication. pr£d l-ka-shtin S, affirma* 
tion, declaration 



£J8 ] 


Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, m£, her — chin, chine, field, shirt — 

Predict, pre d'ikt', v. a. to foretell 

Prediction, pre-dlk'-shun, s. a prophecy, 
a foretelling 

Predictor, pre-dtk'-t6r, s. a foreteller 

Predilection, prgd-t-leV-shon, s. a pre- 
possession in favour of any thing 

Predispose, pre'-dfs-pd"ze, v. a. to dis- 
pose beforehand 

Predisposition, pre d s is-pd-z , ish"-un, 5. 
previous adaptation [valent 

Predominant, pre-dom'-'f-nent, a. pre- 

Predominate, pre-d5m' 1-nate, v. n. to 
prevail, to be supreme iu influence 

Predoom, pre-d&'me, v. a. to doom be- 
fore hand [previous decree 

Pre-elect, pr&'-e-le'kt", v. a. to choose by 

Pre-eminent, pr&'-em'-l-ne'nt, a. excel- 
lent above others 

Pre-emption, pre'-emp'-shun, s. right of 
purchasing before another 

Pre-engage, pre-fen-ga'dzh, v. a. to en- 
gage previously 

Pre-establish, pre'-fe's-taV-h'sh, v. a. to 
settle beforehand [forehand 

Pre-exist, pre'-Sks-Yst", n. n. to exist be- 

Pre-existent, pre'-e'ks-*st"-e'nt, a. exist- 
ent beforehand 

Preface, pre"f '-as, s. an introduction to 
a book, &c. — v. a. to say something 

Prefatory, pref '-a-tor-y\ a. introductory 

Prefect, pre -f fekt, s. a governor, a com- 
mander [government 

Prefecture, pre'-f tik-ture, s. the office of 

Prefer, pre-fer', v. a. to regard more, to 
advance, to exalt [fore others 

Preferable, pre? '-er-eb'l, a. eligible, be- 

Preference, pref '-er-ens, s. estimation 
above another 

Preferment, pre-fer'-mgnt, s. advance- 
ment to honour or profit 

Prefigurate, pre f ig'-u-rate, v. n. to show- 
by antecedent representation 

Prefiguration, pre-f ig'-u-ra"-shun, s. an- 
tecedent representation 

Prefigure, pre-f ig'-ure, v. a. to pre- 

Prefix, pre-f Iks', v. a. to appoint before- 
hand, to settle, to place before 

Prefix, pre -f Iks, s. a particle placed be- 
fore a word to vary its signification 

Preform, pre'«f o"rm, v. a. to form be- 

pregnancy, preg'-nan-s^, s. fruitfulness, 
state of being pregnant 

Pregnant, pr^g'-neat, a, breeding, fer- 
tile, fruitful 

Pregustation, pre-gus-ta-shun, s. th e 
act of tasting first [beforehand 

Prejudge, pr£'-dzhudz", v. a. to judge 

Prejudicate, pre'-dzh&"-df-kat<?, v. a. to 
determine without evidence 

Prejudicate, pre'-dzh&"-di-k6t, a. formed 
by prejudice [judging beforehand 

Prejudication, pre'-dzhu di-ka-shtin, s. a 

Prejudice, prgdzh'-u-dis, s. preposses- 
sion, injury— v. a. to fill with preju- 
dice, to injure 

Prejudicial, prgdzh u d'i'sh'-al, a. hurt- 
ful, obstructive, injurious 

Prelacy, prSl'-a-sy, s. order of bishops 

Preiate, prKi'-e't, s. an ecclesiastic of the 
highest order and dignity, a bishop 

Prelatical, pre-Iat'-t-kgl, a. relating to 
prelates or prelacy 

Prelature, preT-a-tflre, s. state or dignity 
of a prelate [ture 

Prelection, pre-leV-shun,5. reading, lec- 

Preliminary, pre-lim'-m-ar-^, a. previ- 
ous, introductory [ductory 

Prelude, preT-ude, s. something intro- 

Prelude, prelude, v. a. to serve as an 
introduction [ductory 

Prelusive, pre-lu'-stv, a. previous, intro- 

Premature, pre"-ma-tu're, a. ripe too 
soon, too hasty 

Prematurity, prg'-m&-t(i''-rt-ty, s. too 
great haste, unseasonable earliness 

Premeditate, pre-me'd'-i-tate, v. a. to 
think beforehand 

Premeditation, pre-me'd f-ta'-shon, s. a 
meditating beforehand 

Premerit, pre-mer-it, v. a. to deserve 
before another [cipal 

Premier, pre'm'-yer, a. first, chief, prin- 

Premise, pre m'i'ze, v. a. to explain pre- 

Premises, prem'-ls-ez, s. houses or lauds 

Premises, pre-miz'-ez, s. antecedent 

Premium, pre'-myiim, s. something 
given to invite a loan or a bargain 

Premonish, pre-m5n'-tsh, v. a. to ad- 
monish beforehand [ous notice 

Premonition, pr^'-mo-n s ish"-un, s. previ- 

Premonitory, pre-mon'-'i t6r-^, a. pre- 
viously advising [show beforehand 

Premonstrate, pre-mftn'-strate, v. a. to 

Premunire, pr&n'-u-ni-re, s. a writ, a 

Premunition, pre'-mu-nfsh'-UD, s. anti- 
cipation of objection 

Prenominate, pre-nom'-tu-ate, v. a. to 

PRE L 219 3 *KE 

shtft, note, l&se, &ct6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Prenomination, pr£'-nom-¥n-a"-shtin, s. 
a naruiug first [ledge 

Preuotion, pre-no'-shtin, s. foreknow- 

Prentice, pren'-«s, s. one bound to a 
master for instruction 

Prenunciation, pre-nun-shya-shun, s. 
act of telling before 

Preoccupancy, pre-oV-ku-p£n-cy", s. a 
taking possession before another 

Preoccupate, pre-bk'-ku-pate, v. a. to 
anticipate, to prepossess 

Preoccupation, pre-ok'-ku-pa'-shun, s. 
anticipation, prepossession 

Preoccupy, pre-ok'-ku-p$, v. a. to pre- 
possess, to occupy by anticipation 

Preopinion, pre'-d-pln"-y6n, s. opinion 
antecedently formed 

Preordain, pre'-or-da'ne, v. a. to or- 
dain beforehand [dent decree 

Preordinance,pre-or-din-ens, s. antece- 

Preordination, pre -or-di'-na'- shun, ?. 
act of preordaining 

Preparation, pr^p'-ar-a-shun, s. act of 
preparing, ceremouious introduction 

Preparative, pre-par-a-tlv, a. serving 
to prepare 

Preparatory, pre-par'-a-t6r-y\ a. ante- 
cedent, introductory 

Prepare, pre-pa re, v. a. to make fit, or 

, ready, to form, to qualify — v. n. to 
take previous measures 

Prepense, pre-pSns', or Prepensed, pre- 
pgnst', a. preconceived, contrived 

Preponder, pre-pbn'-der, or Preponder- 
ate, pre-pbh'-der-ate, v. a. to exceed 
in weight or overpower by influence 

Preponderance, pre-pbn'-der-eus, s. ex- 
cess of weight 

Preponderation, prS'-pon-der-a'-shun, s, 
act or state of outweighing 

Preposition, prep-o-zYsh'-un, s. in gram 
mar, a particle governing a case or 
prefixed to a word 

Prepossess, pre'-poz zes", v. a, to bias, 
to prejudice 

Prepossession, prS'-pSz-zeW-un, s. first 
possession, prejudice 

Preposterous, pre-pbs'-ter-us/a. wronsr, 
absurd, perverted [glands 

Prepuce, prep'-use, s. what covers the 

Prerequire, pre-re-kwi're, v. a. to de- 
mand beforehand 

Prerequisite, pre-reV-w¥z-Yt, a. previ- 
ously necessary 

Prerogative, pre rbg'-'a-fiv, s. peculiar 
privilege or right 

Prerogatived, pie-rog'-S-tiv'd. a. hav- 
ing an exclusive privilege, having a 
Presage, preV-e'dzh, s. a prognostic 
Presage, pre-sa'dzhe, v. a. to forebode ' 
Presbyter, preV-by-ter, s. a priest, a 
presby • erian [ing of elders 

Presbyterial, preVby-te'-ryal.a. consist- 
Presbyterian, pre's-by'-te'-rySn, a con- 
sisting of elders— 5. an abettor of 
presbytery, a follower of Calvin 
Presbytery, preV-by-ter-y, s. body of 
elders [future events 

Prescience, pre'shyens, s. knowledge of 
Prescient, pre'-shent, a. foreknowing, 
prophetic [abstract 

Prescind, pre-stnd', v. a. to cut off, to 
Prescindent, pre-s'md'-e'nt,ff. abstracting 
Prescious. pre-shyus, a. having fore- 
Prescribe, pre-skri'be, v. a. toordei, to 
direct medically- ~v. n. to influence 
by long custom or arbitrarily, to 
write medical directions 
Prescript, pre-skrtpt, a directed, Or- 
dered— s. directions, precept 
Prescription, pre-s'<rjp'-shon, 5. a cus- 
tom continued till it has the force of 
law, a medical receipt 
Presence, pr-e'z-ens, s. a oeing present, 

mien, readiness 

Present, preV^nt, a. face to face, at 

hand, neither past nor future — s. a 

gift, a mandate 

Present, pre-zent', v. a. to exhibit, to 

give, to offer openly, to lay i efore a 

court of judicature [be presented 

Presentable, pre-zent'-eb'l, a. fit to 

Presentaneous, prez-en-ta nyus, a. 

ready, immediate 
Presentation, prez-en-ta'-shttn. s. act of 

presenting, the gift of a benefice 
Presenta. ive, prg-zen' ta-trv, a. capable 

of being presented 
Presence, prez-en-ie, s. one presented 

to a benefice 
Presential, pre zen'-shyal, a. supi osing 

actual presence 
Presential ity, pre-zen-shyaT-ft-yVs. state 

of being present 
Presentment, pre-zent'-me'nt, s. form or 

act of presenting to a court 
Preservation, prgz-er-va-shun, s. the 

act of preserving 
Preservative, pre-zer'-va-tYv, a. having 
power to preserve 
U 2 

PRE [ 220 ] PRI 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — mgt, desist, me, he> — chin, chine, field, shirt- 

Preserve, pre zerv', v. a. to save, to de 
fend, to keep, to season fruits, &c — 
s. fruit preserved [authority over 

Preside, pre-zi'de, v. n. to he set or have 

President, pres-l-de'nt, s. one at the 
head of a society, a governor 

Press, pie's, v. a. and n. to squeeze, to 
urge, to distress, to force into service 
— s. an instrument for pressing, a ma- 
chine for punting, a throng, a case 
for cl.'thes, &c. the act of forcing 
men into military service 

Pressman, prey-man, s. one who works 
a press in a printing office 

Pressure, presh' ur, $. act of pressing, 
force, impression, affliction 

Prestiges, pre's'-tl'dzh-^s, s. illusions, 
juggling tricks 

Presto, preY-to, s. quick, at once 

Presume, pre-zu'me, v. n. to suppose, 
to affirm without immediate proof, 
to venture 

Presumption, pre zump'-shtin, s. a sup- 
position previously formed, argument 
strong but not demonstrative, arro- 
gance, confidence 

/resumptive, pre-ztimp'-tfv, a. presum- 
ed, supposed next in inheritance, ar- 
rogant [haughty, irreverent 

Presumptuous, pre-zump'-tu-us, a. 

Presupposal, pre stip-po"-zal, s. suppo- 
sal, previously formed 

Presuppose, pre-s'up-pd"ze, v.a. to sup- 
pose beforehand 

Presupposition, pr£'-sup-po-z1sh"-un, s. 
a supposition previously formed 

Presurmise, pre-snr-mi'ze, s. a surmise 
previously formed [sumption 

Pretence, pre-tSns', s. a pretext, an as- 
Pretend, pre-te'nd', v. a. and n. to al- 
lege falsely, to show hypocritically, 
to ciaim, to presume 

Pretension, pre-t&n'-shtin, s. a claim, a 
false appearance I 

Pretermi perfect, pre"-ter-Ym-per'-ffekt,«. 
in grammar, denotes the tense not 
perfectly past 

Preterit, pret'-er-it, a. in grammar, the 
.past tense 

Preterition, pre-ter-Vsh'-un, s. the act of 
going past, state of being past 

Peter! apsed, pre-ter-lapst', a. past and 

Preterlegal, pr£-t£r-le'-gal,c. not agree- 
able to law 

Pretermission, prMer-irifeh'-tin, s. the 
net of omitting 

Pretermit, pre-ter-mft, v. a. to pas* by, 

to omit 
Preternatural, pre -ter-nat"-u-ral, a. not 

natural, irregular 
Preterperrect, pre-ter-per"-f^kt,a. abso- 
lutely past 
Preterpluperfecr, pre'-te>-plu"-per-fe'kt, 
a. time relatively past, or past before 
some other past time [allegation 

Pretext, pre-tgkstV*. a pretence, a false 
Pretor, pre -tor, s. a Roman judge, a 
mayor [erciset* by a pretor 

Pretorian, pre-td'-ryan, a. judicial, ex- 
Pretty, pret'-ty,«. neat, pleasing, beau- 
tiful without grandeur— ad. in some 
Frevail, pre-va'le, v. n. to be in force, 
to have effect or influence, to over- 
Prevailing, pre-vale-fng, a. predomi- 
nant, having most influence 
Prevalent, preV-alent, a. powerful, 
predominant [vil, to quibble 

Prevaricate, pre-var'-f-kate, v. n. to ca- 
Prevarication, pre-var-?-ka"-shan, s. a 
shuffle, a cavil [viller, a shuffler 

Prevaricator, pre-var'-t-ka-tor, s. a ca- 
Prevenient, pre-ve-nyent, a. going be- 
fore, preventive [obstruct, to guide 
Pi event, pre-vent', v. a. to hinder, to 
Prevention, pre-vgn-shtio, s. act of go- 
ing before, anticipation, hinderance,. 
prejudice [preservative 

Preventive, pre-veht'-'iv, a. liinderii:^, 
Previous, pre' vyiis, <z. antecedent, prior 
Prey, pra, s. something to be devoured 
or seized, plunder — v. n. (o plunder, 
to corrode 
Price, pri'se, s, ra?e, value, reward 
Prick, prfk', r. a. to pierce, to spur, to 
incite, to affect with remorse — s. awy 
thing by' which a puncture is made, 
a puncture [instrument 

Pricker, prtk'-er, s. a tsharp pointed 
Pricket, prfk'-et, s. a buck in his second . 
year [thorn 

Prickle, prik'l, s. a small sharp point, a 
Prickly, prtk'-ly' , a. full of sharp points 
Pride, pri'de, s. inordinate self-esteem, 
insolence, ostentation, ornament — 
v. a. to make proud, to rate high 
Priest, prt'st, s. one who officiates at 

the altar 

Priesthood, pri'st hud, f. the office and 

character of a priest— s. the order of 

men for holy offices [by priests 

Priestridden, pri'st-rtd'n, a. managed 


[ 221 ] 


shttt, note, 16se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Prig, prig, s. a pert conceited little fel- 
Prim, prim', a. formal, affectedly nice 
Primacy, pri'-ma-s^, s. highest state of 
an ecclesiastic [original, chief 

Primary, pri'-mar-y, a. first in order, 
Primate,pri'-met, s.the chief ecclesiastic 
Prime, pri'me, s. the dawn of day, best 
part, the spring of life, height of per- 
fection — a. principal, first, excellent 
— v. a. to put powder in the pan of 
a gun, to lay the first colours on in 
painting [children 

Primer, prim'-er, s. a small book for 
Primero, pri-me-ro, s. an ancient game 
at cards [at first, original 

Primeval, pri-me-val, a. such as was 
Primitive, prim'-it-tv, «. ancient, origi- 
nal, formal [born, primary 
Primogenial, pri-mo-dzhe-nyal, a. first- 
Primogeniture, prl-md-dzhen'-it-ure, s. 

state of being first born 
Primordial, pri-mb'r-dyal, or Primordi- 
ate, pri-mo'i-dye't, a. original, exist- 
ing from the first [Mower 
Primrose, prim'-roze, 5. the name of a 
Prince, prins', s. a sovereign, a chief, 

son or kinsman of a sovereign 
Princedom, prins'-dom, s. the rank, 

estate, &c. of a prince 

Princess, pi In'- cgs, s. wife of a prince, 

daughter of a king [essential 

Principal, prin'sf pal, a. chief, capital, 

Principality, prtn-si-paT-it-yVs.a prince's 

domain, superiority 
Principle, prtn'-stp'l,s. constituent part, 
original or operative cause, funda- 
mental truth, motive, tenet 
Print, print', v. a. to mark by impres- 
sion — v. n. to publish a book — s. a 
mark made by impression, a picture, 
formal method 
Printer, prtnt'-er, s. one who prints 

books, or stains linen 
Printing, prlnt'-tng, *■ the act or pro- 
cess of impressing letters or staining 
Prior, pri'-6r, a. former, anterior — s. 

the head of a convent of monks 
Priority, pri-or'-lt-^, s. a being first 
Priory, pri-6r-y, s- a convent inferior to 
an abbey [upon lawful prize 

Prisage, pri'-sedzh, s. a duty of a tenth 
Prism, prt'zm, s. a kind of mathemati- 
cal glass [prism 
Prismatic, pris-mat'^'k, a. formed as a 
U 3 

Prisma tically, priz-n at'-ik-SI ly, ad in 
the form of a prism [like a prism 
Prismoid, prfz'-moYdf , <?. a solid body 
Prison, prt'z'u, s. a gao:, a place of con 
finement -i>. a. to imprison, to con- 
fine [rural play 
Prisonbase, priz'n-base, g. a kind of 
Prisoner, priz'-her, s. a captive, one 
under an arrest. [ginal 
Pristine, pris'-ttn, a. firs', ancient, ori- 
Priiiee, prtth'y, abb: emotion for I 
pray thee [crecy 
Privacy, pri va-sy, ?. retirement, se- 
Privado, pri-va' do, s. a secre' friend 
Private, pri'-vfet, a. secret, alone, not 

public, not open, particular 
Privateer, pri va-tere, s. a ship fitted 
out by private men to plunder ene- 
mies [struciion of any thing 
Privation, pri-va'-shun, s, loss or de. 
Privative, priv'-a-tiv, a. causing priva» 

tion, negative 

Privilege, priv'-il-gdzh, s. peculiar ad. 

vantage, public right— v. a. to grant 

a privilege, to exempt [renca 

Privity, priv'rit-y, s. private concur- 

Privy, priv'.y, a. private, secret, admit. 

ted to secrets, acquainted with 
Prize, prize, s. a reward gained, some, 
thing taken from the enemy — v. a. to 
rate, to value highly, to esteem 
Pro, pro, prep, for, in defence of 
Probability, prob-a-bll' It-y, s. likeli- 
hood, appearance of truth [be 
Probabl pron'-eb'i, a. ; Hely, or like to 
Pronat, pro-bat, s. a proof of a will, (fee- 
Pro ; ation, pro-ba'-shun, s. proof, testi- 
mony, trial [ing for trial 
Probatio ary, pro-ba.' shbn-ar-y. a. serv. 
Pro^aticner, pro-ba -shtin-er, upon 
trial, a novice [trial 
Probatory, p o'-ba t6r-y, a. serving for 
Probatum Est, pro-ba'- tum-gsr, {Latin) 

tried and proved 
Probe, pro' e,s. a surgeon's instrument 
— v. a. to search, to try with a probe 
Probity, prob'-Y-ty, s. uprightness, ho- 
nesty, sincerity 
Problem, prbV-ie'm.s. question proposed 
Problematical, prob-le mat'-Yk-al, a. un« 

certain, disputable 
Proboscis, pro-i>bs'-Ys, s. the snout, the 
trunk of an elephant [loose 

Procacious, pio-ka' shus, a. petuiant, 
Procacity,prokas'-Yt-y, s. saucines-, pe- 
tulance [proceeding, progress* 
Procedure, prd-s£-dure, s. manner oi 

PRO [ 222 ] PRO 

Sounds. — hat, hate, hall, liar — m&t, desist, me, he> — cWn, chine, field, shirt- 

Proceed, pro-sede, v. n. to go forward, 
to arise from, to come forth, to issue, 
to be carried on 

Proceeding pro se'd ing, s. progress, a 
transaction, a legal process 

Procerity, pro-ser-ity, s. tallness,height 
of stature 

Process, pros'-e's, s. regular progress, 

method, course of law- 
Procession, pro-sesh'-ttn, s. a train in 
ceremonious solemnity 

Processional, pro-sesh'-un-'al, a. relating 
to procession 

Processionary, prb-sesh'-un-iir-y, a. con- 
sisting in procession 

Proclaim, prd-klame, v. a. to publish 
solemnly, to tell openly 

Proclamation, prok-l£-ma'-shi1n, s. a 
public notice given by authority, a 
declaration of the sovereign's will 

Proclivity, pro-kllv'-lty, s. tendency, 
facility of attaining 

Proclivous, pro-kli'-vus, a. inclined 
downwards [governor 

Proconsul, pro-kon'-sul, s. a Roman 

Procrastinate, pro-kr'as'-ttn-ate, v. a. to 
defer, to delay— v. n. to be dilatory 

Procrastination, pro kr^s-tin-a-shun, 5. 
delay [dilatory person 

Procrastinator, pro-kras'-ttn-a-tor, *. a 

Procreant, pro'-kre-ent, a. productive, 
pregnant [to produce 

Procreate, pro-kre-abf, v. a. to generate, 

Procreation, pro -kre-a'. shun, s. genera- 
tion, production 

Procreative, prb'-kre-ativ, a. genera- 

' tive, productive 

Procreator, pro'-kre-a-t6r, s. a genera- 
tor, a begetter 

Proctor, prok'-i6r, s. a manager of an- 
other man's affairs, an attorney in 
the spiritual court, the magistrate of 
the university 

Procumbent, pro-kum'-be'nt, a. lying 
down, prone 

Procuracy, prbk'-u-rasy > , s. manage- 
ment of any thing [procuring 

Procuration, prbk-u-ra-shun, s. act ot 

Procurator, pibk-u-ra'-tor, s. a ma- 
nager, an agent 

Procuratorial, prok-u-r2-tor-yal,rt. made 
by a proctor [ing to procuration 

Procur^tory, pr6-ku-r&-tor-y", a. tend- 

Procure, pio-kd're, v. a. to manage, to 

Prodigal, prbd'-i-$d, o. profuse, expen- 
sive, lavish 

Prodigality, prbdt gal-l-ty, s. extrava- 
gance, profusion 

Prodigious, pro-dtdzh'-us, a. amazing, 
enormous, vast 

Prodigy, prbd'-idzh-y*, 6. a supernatural 
thing, portent, a monster 

Prodition, pro-d'fsh'-un, s. treason, 

Produce, prbd'-use, v. a. to exhibit, to 
bring forth, to cause, to generate 

Pioduce, prbd'-use, s. product, amount, 
gain. [hibits or otters 

Producent, pro-du-sent, s. one who ex- 
Producible, pro-du-sm'l, a. that may be 
exhibited or made 

Product, prod'-tikt, 5. the thing pro- 
duced, work, effect 

Production, pro-duk'-shtin, s. whatever 
is produced 

Productive, pro dttk'-tfv, a. having 
power to produce, fertile [duction 

Proem, pro -em, s. a preface, an intro- 

Profanation, pro f a-na-shan, 8. a viola- 
tion of sacred things, irreverence to 
holy things or persons 

Profane, pro-fane, a. irreverent, pol- 
luted— v. a. to violate, to pollute, to 

Profess, pro-f eV, v. n. to declare open 
ly, to practise or teach publicly 

Profession, profe'sh'-im, 9. calling or 
vocation, a declaration 

Professional, pib-fe'sh'-tin-al, a. relating 
to a particular profession 

Professor, pr6feV-s6r, 5. a public 
teacher of some art 

Proffer, prof '-fer, v. a. to purpose, to 
offer — s. an offer made 

Proficient, pro-f Ysh' ent, s. one who 
advances in study 

Profile, pro file, ». the side f*ce 

Profit, profit, s. gain, advantage, im- 
provement — v. n. to gain advantage, 
to be of use 

Profitable, prbf-'it-eb'l, a. lucrative, 
useful, advantageous 

Profligate, prof '-li-get, .a. abandoned, 
lost to virtue [ward 

Profluent, prbf '-lu-gnt, a. flowing for- 

Profound, prb-fbu'nd, a. deep, learned, 
humble— s. a deep sea, abyss 

Profunuity, pro-f und'-it-y, s. depth of 
place or knowledge 

Profuse, prbfu'se, a. lavish, prodigal, 

Profusion, prd-fu'zhun, s. prodigality, 
exuberance, plenty 

PRO [ ' 223 ] PRO 

shbt, note, lose, actor— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Prcg, prbg', v. n. to shift meanly lor J 
provisions — s. victuals, provision of j 
any kind 
Progenitor, pro-dzhfen'-lt-6r, i. an an 

cestor in a direct line 
Progeny, prbdzh' -en V, s. offspring, is 

sue, race [ing ■ 

Prognostic, prog-nbs'-tik, a, foretoken 
Prognosticate, prbg-nbs'-tf-kate, v. u. to 

foietel, to foreshow 
Prognostication, prbg nbs tt-ka-shun, >. 

the act ot foretelling 
Prognos icaror, prbg-nbs'-ti ka tor, s. 

one who foretells 
Progress, prbg'-res, s. a course 
Progression, pro-grtah'-tin, «. regu'ar 
and gradual advance, improvement 
Progressional, pro-gre'sh'-on-al, a. in- 
creasing or advancing 
Progressive, | rd-greV-slv, a. going for- 
ward, advancing 
Prohibit, pro-htb'-tt, v. a. to forbid, to 
debar, to hinder [diction 

Prohibition, pro-hY-bYsh'-on, s. an inter- 
Prohibitory, pro-hlb'-i-tbr-tf, a. imply- 
ing prohibition 
Project, prd-dzhgkt', v. a. to throw out, 
to cast forward, to contrive— v, n. to 
jut out [trivance, design 

Project, prbdzh'-Skt, s. a scheme, con- 
Projectile, prd-dzh^k'-tll, a. impelled 

Projection, pro-dzheY shun, s. the act 

of shooting forwaids, a plan 

Projector, pi 6 dzhe"k -tor, s. one who 

forms schemes, &c. [ou; 

Projecture, pro-dzhe'k'-ture, s. a jutting 

Prolapse, pro-laps', v. n. to extend out 

too much 
Proiapsion, pro-lap' shun, s. a protrud 

ing beyond the natural position 
Prolate, pro-late, v. a. to pronounce, 

to utter 
Prolate, pro-l&t, a. oblate, flat 
Prolation, pro-la -shun, s. a pronuncia- 
tion, utterance, delay 
Prolepsis, pro-lep-sls, s. an anticipation 
of objections [antecedent 

Proieptical, pro-lfep'-ttk-al, a. previous, 
Proletarian, pro-le-ta'-ryan, a. vile, 

mean, vulgar 
Prolific, prd-llf' Ik, a. generative, pro- 
ductive [ration of children 
Prolification, pro-llf '-tk-a-shun, s. gene- 
Prolix, pro-liks', a, tedious, not con 
cise [want ot brevity 
Prolixity, prd-riks'-Yt-y, $. tediousness, 

Prolocutor, pib-16-ku-t6r, s. the speaker 

of a convocation 
Prologue, prbl'-og, s. preface, introduc- 
tion to a discourse or performance 
Prolong, pro-long', v. a. to lengthen out, 

to put off 
Prolongation, pro-lbng-a'-shtin, *. the 
act of lengthening, delay to a longer 
time [take the air 

Promenade, prdm-e-na'd, a. a walk to 
Prominent, pi bm'-i-ne'nt, a. protube- 
rant, projecting [confused 
Promiscuous, pro-mfs-ku us,a. mingled, 
Promise, prom' "is, s. declaration of 
someching im ended, expectation-r- 
v. a. and n. to declare or assure by 
a promise [ing a promise 
Promissory, prbm'-Ys-sor-tf, a. contain- 
Pro aiontory, prom'-6n tor-^, s. a head- 

land, a cape 
Promote, pro-mo'te, v. a. to forward, 

to elevate, to advance 
Promotion, pro-md'-shtin, s. advance- 
mem, encouragement 
Prompt, prompt', a. quick, ready, acute, 
petulant — v- a. to assist, to incite, to 
remind, to help a public speaker 
Prompter, prb'mp-ter, s. one who put* 

another in remembrance 
Promptitude, p romp'- tf-t tide, s. readi- 
ness, quickness 
Promulgate, pro-mul'-gate, v. a. to pub- 
lish, to teach openly 
Promulgation, pro-mul'-ga-shun, s. pub- 
lication, open exhibition 
Promulgator, pro-mtil-ga'-tor, s. a pub- 
lisher, an open teacher 
Promulge, pro-mtildzh', r. a. to pro- 
mulgate, to teach openly 
Prone, prone, a. bending downwards, 

Prong, prong, s. a branch of a fork 
Pronominal, pro-nbm'-Yn-al,a.belonging 
to a pronoun [a noun or name 

Pronoun, pro-nbun,s. a word used for 
Pronounce, rrb-nbu'ns, v. a. to speak, 

to utter rhetorically or confidently 
Pronunciation, pro-nun-shya'-sh'un, s. 

the act or mode of utterance 
Proof, pro're, s. evidence, test, impene- 
trability, a rough sheet of prim; to be 
collected— a. impenetrable, able to 
resist [port 

Prop, prbp', v. a. to support— s. a sup- 
Propagate, prbp'-a-gate, v. a. to spread, 
to increase, to generate, to have atf- 
spring . 


£ 224 ] 


Sounds — hat, hate, hall, liar — mSt, desist, me, her — cMn, chine, field, shirt- 

Propagation, prop'-a-ga'-shtin, s. diffu* 
sion by generation or production 

Propagator, pi bp'-a-ga-tbr, s. one who 

Propel, pro-pel', v. a. to drive forwaid 

Propend, pro pend', v. n. to incline to 
any part or side [ed, prone to 

Propense, pro-peW, a. inclined, dispos- 

Propensity, pro-peW-lt-y, s. inclina- 
tion, tendency 

Proper, prop'-er, a. peculiar, one's 
own, fit, exact 

Property, prftp'-er-ty, s. quality, right 
of possession, thing possessed 

Prophecy, prbf'-e-sy', s. a prediction 

Prophecy, prbf'-e'-sy, v. a. and n. to 
foretel, to utter predictions [events 

Prophet, prbf'-e't, s. one who foretels 

Prophetic, pro-fet'-lk, a. foretelling 
• events [ventive, preservative 

Prophylactic, pro-f^-lak'-ttk, a. pre 

Propinquity, pro-ptng'-kw'i-ty, •$. prox- 
imity, kindred 

Propitiate, pro-pfsh'-yate, v. a, to induce 
to favour, to make propitious 

Propitiation, pro-pfsh-ya-shon, s.a mak- 
ing propitious, an atonement for a 
crime [propitiates 

Propitiator, pro-p'ishya'-t6r, s. one that 

Propitiatory, pro-p1sh-ya-t6r-y\ a. hav- 
ing power to make propitious — t. 
mercy-seat, covering of the ark in 
the temple of the Jews [kind 

Pwpitious, prd-plsh'-us, a. favourable, 

Proponent, prd-pd'-n8nt, s. one thai 
makes a proposal 

Proportion, pro-po'r-shvin, s. ratio,equal 
or harmonic degree, symmetry,size — 
v. a. to adjust, to make fit, to form 

Proportional, pro-pb'r-sbiin-al, a. hav- 
ing due proportion— s. in proportion 
to some other 

Proportionality, pro-pbr-shtin al'-tt-^, s. 
quality of being proportional 

Proportionate, prb-pb'r-shtin-e't, a. ad- 
justed to something else that is ac- 
cording to a certain rule 

Proportionate, pro-pb'r-shun-ate, v. a. 
to adjust in a certain manner 

Proposal , pro-po'-zal, s. an offer to the 
mind or consideration 

Propose, pro-po'ze, v. a. to offer to the 

Proposition, prdp-o-zYsh'-tin, a. a sen- 
tence in which any thing is affirmed 
cr decreed, an offer of terms 

Propositional, prop-d-zteh'-un-al, a. con- 
sidered as a proposition 

Propound, pro-pbu'nd, v. a. to propose, 
to offer 

Proprietary, prd-prl'-e-tar-y\ s. an owner 
in his own right— a. belonging to a 
certain owner [in his own right 

Proprietor, pro-pri'-e-t6r, 5. a possessor 

Propriety, pro-pri'-e-ty, $. exclusive 
right, accuracy [vindicate 

Propugn,pr6-pu'ne,w. a. to defend, to 

Propulsion, prd-ptU'-shtin, s. the act of 
driving forward [drive forward 

Propulsorv, pro-puT-sor-y, a. serving to 

Prorogation, pror-6-ga-shun, s. a con- 
tinuance, a prolongation 

Prorogue, pro-roge, v. a. to prolong, 
to put off [bursting out 

Proruption, pro-rtip'-shtin, s. the act of 

Prosaic, pro-za-ik, a. belonging to or 
resembling prose [capitally 

Proscribe, prb-skri'be, v. a. to censure 

Proscription, pro-skrfp'-shan, s. a doom 
to death or confiscation 

Prose, proze,s language not restrained 
to number of syllables 

Prosecute, prbs'-e k ute, v. a. to pursue, 
to continue, to sue 

Prosecution, pros'-e-ktY-shun, $. a pur- 
suit, a criminal suit 

Prosecutor, prbs'-e-ku-tor, *. a pursuer 
of any purpose, or in a criminal cause 

Proselyte, pros'-e-lfte, s. a convert — 
v. a. to convert 

Prosodian, pro-so'-dyan, a. skilled in or 
pertaining to prosody 

Prosody, prbs'-6-dy, $. art of metrical 
composition [nification 

Prosopopoeia, prbs'-o-po-pe-ya, s. perso- 

Prospect, prbs'-pgkt, s. a place afford- 
ing an extensive view, an object of 
view [a distance 

Prospective, prbs-peY-ttv, «. viewing at 

Prosper, prbs'-per, v. a. to make happy, 
to favour — v. n. to thrive 

Prosperity, pros-per'-ft-y, s. success, 
good fortune [successful 

Prosperous, prbs'-per-us, a. fortunate, 

Prosternation, prbs-ter-na-sh«n, s. de- 

Prostitute, prbY-tt-tute, v. a. to sell to 
wickedness, to expose upon vile 
terms— a. vicious for hire 

Prostitution, prbs-tf-t&'-shiin, s. the act 
of prostituting 

Prostrate, prbs'-trgt, a. laying at length, 
I or in humblest adoratioa 

PRO [ 225 J PRU 

shot, note, l&se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur,— truly, thus, rye— hick 


Prostrate, prbs'-tratc, v. a. to lay flat, 
to throw down 

Prostration, pros-tra-shon, s. a falling 
down in adoration, dejection 

Prosyllogism, pro-syT-16 dzhfzm, s. & 
connecting of two or more syllogisms 

Protect, prd-t£kt', v. a. to defend, to 
shield [shelter from evil 

Protection, pro-tfe'k'-shun, s. defence, 

Protective, pro-teV-ttv, a. defensive, 
sheltering [supporter, regent 

Protector, pro-teV-t6r, s. a defender, 

Protectorate, prd-teY-t6r-et, s. office or 
jurisdiction of a protector 

Protend, pro-tend', v. a. to hold out, 
to stretch forth [petulance 

Protervity, prd-ter-vft-y", s. peevishness, 

Protest, pro-test', v. a. to give a solemn 
declaration, to enter a caveat against 
a bill nor accepted or paid in due 
time [tion against something 

Protest, prd-te'st, s. a solemn declara- 

Protestant, prdt'-es te"nt, s. one who 
. protests against popery — a. belong- 
ing to protestants 

Protestantism, prot'-£s-tan-t'iz"m, 5. re- 
ligion of protestants 

Protestation, prbt-eVta'-shun, s. solemn 

[ declaration, a vow 

Prothonotory, prd-thon'-d-tar-y", s. a 
head register or notory 

Protocol, pro-to-kbl, s. the original 
copy of a writing [martyr 

Protomartyr, pro-to ma'r-tir, s. the first 

Prototype, prw-td-type, s. the original 
of a copy [to delay, to lengthen 

Prot. act, prd-tr&ktf, v. a. to draw out, 

Protraction, pro-trak'-shun, 5. a deiay, 
a lengthening out 

Protractive, pro trak'-ltv, a. delaying;, 
spinning to length [forward 

Protrude, pro-tru'de, v. a. to thru-t 

Protrusion, pro-tru'-zhun, ». the act of 
thrusting forward [ ward 

Protrusive, pro tru'sYv, «. thrusting ror- 

Protuberahce. prc-tu-ber ens, s. a tu- 
mour, a prominence 

Protuberant, pro tu'-ber-ent, a. swell- 
ing, prominent [swell out 

Protuberate, prd-tfi'-ber-ate, v. //. to 

Proud, prbfc'd, a. elated, haughty, pre- 
sumptuous, grand [ence, to try 

Prove, prft've, v. a. to evince, toexperi- 

Proveditor, prd-ved'-ft-6r, or Prove 
dore, prbv-e-dore, s. one who un- 
dertakes to orocure supplies for an 

Provender, proV-e'n-der, s. dry food for 

brutes [a maxim 

Proverb, prov'-erb, s. a common saying, 

Proverbial, pro-verb'-yal, a. mentioned 

in or suitable to a proverb 
Provide, pro-vide, v. a. to prepare, to 

supply, to stipulate 
Providence, prdv'-'i-dens, s. foresight, 

God's care, prudence 

Provident, prov'-i-dent, a. forecasting, 

cautious [fected by Providence 

Providential, pr6V-f-den-shyal, a. ef- 

Province, pr5v'-¥ns, s. a region, tract, 

Provincial, pro-vfnsh'-yal, a. relating to 
a province, rude — s. a spiritual go- 
vernor [to a province 
Provinciate, prd-vYn'-shyate,v.a. to turn 
Provision, pro-vizh'-tin, s. a providing 
beforehand, measures taken, stores 
laid up, victuals, stipulation 
Provisional, prd-vteh'-on-al, a. tempo- 
rarily established 
Proviso, pro-vf-zo, s. a stipulation, a 
caution [of anger 
Provocation, prbv-d-ka-shun, s. a cause 
Provocative, pro-vok-at-'iv, s. what re- 
vives appetite 
Provoke, pro-voke, v. a. to rouse, to 

enrage, to challenge 
Provost, prbv'-ost, s. the chief of any 
corporate body [a ship — a. valiant 
Prow, prow' s. the head or forepart of 
Prowess, prtfw'-e's, s. bravery, valour 
Prowl, prow'l, v. a. to rove over, to 

wander for prey 
Proximate, prok's-i'm-gt, a. immediate, 

near in approach 
Proximity, pr6ks-\'m'-ft-y\ s. nearness 
Proxy, prok's-y, s. a substitute or agent 

for another, a deputy- 
Prude, prude, s. an affected scrupulous 
woman [to practice 

Prudence, pru'-dens,s. wisdom applied 
Prudent, pru'-d£nt, a. practically wise, 
discreet [pies of prudence 

Prudential, pru-d&n'-shyal, a. on princi- 
Pruden'iality, pru den-shyal'-Yt-V, s. cli- 

gi'ility on principles of prudence 

Prudentials, pru-den'-shyalz, s. maxims 

of prudence [in coudutt 

Prudery, pru'd-er-y\ s. over-much nicety 

Prudish, prti'd-tsh, a. affectedly grave 

Prune, prune, v. a. to lop or crop, to 

clear from superfluities — s. a dried 

plum [stuff, a plum 

Prunello, pru-neT-lo, *. a kind of silkc* 

PUE [ 226 ) PUN 
Sounds. — hiit, hate, hall, liar — me^t, desist, m£, her — chin, chine field, shirt 

Prumiferous, pru-nlf'-er-us, a. plum- 
bearing [less branches 
Pruning, pr&'-nYng, a. lopping off use- 
Prurient, pru-r^-ent, a. itching, having 

a great desire 
P r >» !' r y » f • a ' to inspect officiously, &c. 
Psalm, sa'm, 5. a holy song [songs 

Psalmist, sa'1-mfst, s. a writer of holy 
Psalmody, sal'-mo-dy, s. singing of 
* psalms 

Psalter, sa'l-ter, y. a psalm book 
Psaltery, sal-ter-y, 5. a kind of harp 
beaten with sticks [tended 

P?eudo,su'-do, a. false, conceited, pre- 
j ieudography, su-dog'-r&f-y", s. false 
writing [speaks falsely 

Pseudologer, su-dol'o-dzher, s. one who 
Pseudology, su-dbl'-6-dzhy, s. false 
speaking, lying [counterfeit martyr 
Pseudo martyr, su-do-maY-ter, s' a 
Pshaw, sh&, interj. expressing contempt 
Psycholocry, sy-kftl'-b-dzhy, $. the doc- 
trine of the nature of the soul 
Ptisan, tls'-^n, s. a cooling medical 
drink [kind 

Puberty, pu' -ber-ty\ s. ripe age in man- 
Pubescent, pu-beV-sent, a. arriving at 

Public, p'ub'-hk, a. common, notorious, 
open, not concealed, general — 5. 
the body of a nation, the people 
Publican, pnb'-lt-k&n, s. a toll-gatherer, 

a victualler 
Publication, pttb h'-ka-shun, s, the act 

of publishing, edition 
Publicity, ptib-lls'-l-ty, s. notoriety 
Publicspirited, pW-ltk-spir'-'it-Sd, a. 
having regard to the general advan- 
tage above private good 
Publish, pub'-ftsh, v. u. to make gene- 
rally known, to set forth 
Puck, ptik', s. a sprite among the fairies 
Puckball, ptik'-bal, s. mushroom full of 
dust [wrinkles or folds 

Pucker, puk'-eY, v. a. to gather into 
Pudder, pud'-6r, 9. tumult, bustle— v. 

to make a pudder, to perplex 
Pudding, pud'-dmg, s. a kind of food, a 

Puddle, pud'l, ?. a dirty plash 
Pudency, pu'-de'n-sy, or Pudicity, pu- 

dte'-Tt-y\ «.. modesty, chastity 
Puerile, pd'-g-rtl, a. childish 
Puerility, pd'-g-rfl'-Vt-^, *. childishness 
Puerperous, pu-eY-per-us, a. bearing 

Puet, pu'-gt, s. a kind of water fowl 

Puff, ptif ', 5. a quick blast of wind, any 

thing porous, a thing to sprinkle 

powder on the hair, undeserved praise 

— v. a. to swell with wind — v. n. to 

blow, to breathe thick and hard 

Puffin, ptif '-In, s. a sort of water-fowl 

or fish [mid 

Puffy, ptif'-fy, a. windy, flatulent, tu- 

Pug, ptig', s. a small Dutch dog, a 

Pugh, pun', interj. a word of contemp. 
Put;il, pfi-dzhtl, s. a small handful 
Pugnaceous, pug-na'-sh6s, a. inclinable 
to fight, quarrelsome [fight 

Pugnacity, pug-naY-ft-^, s. inclination to 
Puisne, pu' tn, a. ^oung, younger, in- 
considerable [We 
Puissant, pu' Ys-sent, a. powerful, forci- 
Puke, pu'k<?, s. a vomit, a medicine 

causing a vomit — v. n. to vomit 
Pulchritude, puT-krt tude, s. beauty, 
grace [a chicken 

Pule, pule, v. n. to whine, to cry like 
Pull, pul', r. a. to draw forcibly, to 
pluck -s. the act of pulling, a pluck 
Pullet, pul'-let, s. a young hen 
Pulley, pul-iy, s. a small wheel for run- 
ning a cord 
Pulmonary, puT-md-nar-y, a. belonging 
to the lungs [of fruit 

Pulp, pulp', s. any soft mass, soft part 
Pulpit, pul'-pYt, j. an exalted place to 

speak in 
Pulpy, ptilp'-y, a. soft, pappy 
Pulsation, pul-sa'-shun, s. a beating or 
moving with quick strokes against 
any thing opposing 
Pulse, puis', s. ail sorts of grain con- 
tained in pods, the motion of any 
artery, vibration [ing forward 

Pulsion, pul' -shun, s. a driving or forc- 
Pulverable, pul'-ver-^b'l, a. that may 

be reduced to dust 
Pulverization, pul-ver-i-za-shun, *. re- 
duction to dust [to powder or dust 
Pulverize, pul'-veY-ize, v. n. to reduce 
Pulverulent, pul-veY-u-lfent, a. dusty, 
covered with dust [of pores 

Pumice, pum'-Ys, s. a spungy stone futl 
Pump, pump', s. a water-engine, a sort 
of shoe— v. to work a pump, to 
throw out by a pump, to examine 
artfully [pum'p-kYn, s. a plant 

Pumpion, pump-yon, or Pumpkin, 
Pun, pun', s. a quibble, a ludicrous re- 
partee— v. n. to quibble, to play up* 
on words 


C 227 3 


sh5t, note, 16se, actor — htit, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Punch, punsh', 5. a pointed instrument, 

sort of mixed liquor, a buffoon, a 

short fellow — v. a, to bore a hole 

-with a punch 
Puncheon, piinsh'-on, 8. a tool, a cask 

of 84 gallons [ haviour, exactness 
Punctilio, ptingk-tfl'-yb, s. nicety of be- 
Punctilious, pttngk-tfl'-yus, a. exact, 

nice, ceremonious 
Punctual, ptingk'-tu-al, a. exact, nice, 

Punctuality, ptingk-tual-'it-y\ s. nicety, 

scrupulous exactness 
Punctuation, pun gk'-tCi-a- shun, s. the 

act or method of pointing 
Punctulate, ptingk-tu-late, v. n. to 

mark with small spots 
Puncture, pungk'-ture, 5. a hole made 

with a sharp point 
Pungency, ptin-ggn-sy, s. acrimonious 

quality, power to pierce the mind 
Pungent, ptin'-dzhent, a. pricking, 

sharp, biting [correct, to afflict 

Punish, pun'-fsh, v. a. to chastise, to 
Punishment, pim'-Ysh-me'nt, s penalty 

inflicted for a crime 
Punition, pu-nYsh'-iin, 5. punishment 
Punitive, pCi'-nit-lv, a. awarding or in- 
flicting punishment [tute 
Punk, pungk', 5. a strumpet, a prosti- 
Punning, pun'-lng, a. quibbling, dealing 

in puns [of puns 

Punster, ptins'-ter, 5. one who is fond 
Punt, ptint', v. a. to play at basset or 

ombre— s. who punts 
Puny, pu'-n?, a. young, inferior, petty 
Pup, pup', v. n. to bring forth puppies 
Pupil, pu'-ptt, s. the apple of the eye, 

a scholar [a scholar, wardship 

Pupilage, pu-pYl'-e'dzh, s. state of being 
Pupillary, pu'-pfl-ar-y, a. pertaining to 

a pupil or ward [doll 

Puppet, ptip'-p£t, s. a wooden image or 
Puppy, ptip'-p^, s. a whelp, a saucy 

ignorant fellow 
Purblind, pur'-blind, a. shortsighted 
Purchase, pur'-tzhes, v. a. to buy, to 

obtain by labour or danger, to atone 

for — s. thing purchased 
Pure, pu're, a. not sullied, clear, un- 

mingled, chaste 
Fureness, pure-nSs, s. innocence, sim- 
plicity, unmixed state 
Purgation, pnr-ga-shun, s. the act of 

cleansing, &c. 
Purgative, ptir'-ga-tfv, a. having power 

to cause evacuations 

Purgatorial, pur-gaMo-ryal, a. cleans- 
ing, belonging to purgatory 

Purgatory, pur'-gat-6r-y, s. a place for 
souls to be purified 

Purge, purdzh', v. a. to cleanse, to 
clarify, to cause stools— v. n. to 
have frequent stools — s. a purging 

Purification, pu-rf-fY-ka'-shun, s. the 
act of making pure or clean 

Purify, pu-rt-fy, v. a. to make pure, 
to clarify — v. n. to grow pure 

Puritan, pu'-rl-tan, s. sectary pretend- 
ing to eminent sane tity of religion 

Puritanical, pu-rt-tan' i-k<il, a. relating 
to puritans [chastity 

Purity, pu'-rY-t^, s. clearness, innocence. 

Purl, purl', s. an embroidered and 
puckered border, a kind of malt li- 
quor — v. n. to flow with gentle noise 

Purlieu, pur'-lu, s. a district, a border, 
an enclosure 

Purlins, pur'-lYns, s. pieces of timber, 
across the rafters on the inside 

Purloin, pur-lfiYn, v. a. to steal, to 
pilfer, to filch [in division 

Purparty, ptir'-par t$, s. a share, a part 

Purple, pur'p'l, a. red tinctured with 
blue [red, a purple fever 

Purples, pur-pl'z, s. spots of a livid 

Purplish, pur'p-itsh, a. somewhat pur- 

Purport, ptir'-port, s. design, tendency, 
meaning— -i/. n. to intend, to tend to 

Purpose, pur'-p6s, s. intention, design, 
effect — v. to intend, to design, to re- 

Purr, pnY, v. a. to murmur as a cat or 
leopard when pleased 

Purse, purs', s. a small bag for money 

Purser, ptif'-ser, s. the pay-master of" a 
ship [breath 

Pursiveness, puY-s'iv-ne's, s. shortness of 

Purslain. purs'-len, s. an herb 

Pursuance, pur-su'-e'ns, s. prosecution 

Pursuant, pur-su'-Snt, a. done in conse- 
quente of any thing 

Pursue, pur-su', v. a. to chase, to pro- 
secute, to endeavour to go on 

Pursuit, pur-sCl'te, s. the act of pursu- 
ing [dant on heralds 

Pursuivant, pur'-swy-ve"nt, s. an atten- 

Pursy, pur'-sy, a. short-breathed and 
fat [of an animal 

Purtenance, ptir'-t^a -e!ns, *. the plucV 


[ 228 ] 


Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar — me"t, desist, me, her— cMn, chine, field, shirt. - 

JPurvey, ptir-va', v. to provide with or 
procure, to buy in provisions 

Purveyor, pur-va'-6r, s. one that pro- 
vides victuals, a pimp 

Purview, pur'-vu, s. a providing clause 

Purulent, pVruie'nt. a. consisting of 
or generating corrupt matter or pus 

Pus, pus', s. corruption, thick matter is- 
suing from a sore 

Push, push', v. to thrust, to press for- 
ward, to urge — s. a thrust, impulse, 
assault, trial 

Pusillanimity, pu-s!l-a-nYm'-it-y\ s. co- 
wardice, timidity 

Pusillanimous, pu-sll-an'-fm-us, a.mean- 
spirited, cowardly 

Puss, pus', s. a cat or hare 

Pustule, pus'-tule, s. a small swelling, a 
pimple [pimply 

Pustulous,puY-tu-lus,a.full of pustules, 

Put, put', v. a. to lay or place, to urge, 
to propose, to state, to offer, to unite 

Put, pttt', s. a sort of game at cards 

Putative, pu'-ta-tiv, a. supposed, re- 

Putid, pu' tfd, a. mean, vile 

Putredinous, pu-tre'd'-'i-nus, a. rotten, 
stinking [ruption, rottenness 

Putrefaction, pu-tre-fak'-shtin, s. cor- 

Putrefactive, pu tre-fak'-ti'v, a. making 

Putrefy, pu tre-fy, v. to rot, to make 

Putrescent, pu-tres'-sent, a. prowin* 

Putrid, pu'-trtd, a. rotten, corrupt 
Putridity, pu-trtd'-t ty, t. rottenness 
Putty, put-ty, s. a kind of cement used 
by glaziers [rass — s. perplexity 

Puzzle, poz'l, v. to perplex, to embar- 
Pybald, pi' -bald, a. spotted with white 

or some different colour 
Pygmy, p^g'-m^, s. a dwarf 
Pylorus, py lo'rus, s. the lower orifice 
of the stomach [ending in a point 
Pyramid, pir'-H m¥d. s. a square pillai 
Pyramidal, py ram'-t-dal, or Pyramidi- 
cal, pir-a-mfd-f-kal, a. having the 
form of a pyramid [are burnt 

Pyre, py're, s. a pile on which the dead 
Pyrites, p^-ri' tez, s. afirestone 
Pyromancy, py'-rd-man-sy*, s. a divina- 
tion by fire 
Pyrometer, py-rbm'-e-ter, s. an instru- 
ment for measuring the expansion of 
bodies by heat 
Pyrotechnical, py ro-teY-nY-ka^a. relat- 
ing to fire-works 
Pyrotechny, py'-ro-te'k-ny', s. the art of 

making fire -works 
Pyx, pyks', s. a box in which the papists 
keep the host 


QUACK, kwak', V. a. to cry like a 
duck, to brag— s. a tricking prac- 
" titioner in physic 

Quackery, kwak'-er-y', s. mean or bad 
' acts in physic 
Quadragesimal, kw&d-r&-dzhe's'-tin-&l, a. 

belonging to Lent 
Quadrangle, kwa-drang'l, s. a square 
Quadrangular, kw&-drang'-u-lar, a. hav- 
ing four angles 
Quadrant, kwa'-drent, s. fourth part, an 
instrument with which latitudes are 
* taken [part of a circle 

Quadrantal,kwa-drant'-al, the fourth 
Quadrate, kwa'-drate, a. having four 
- equal [a square 

Quadratic, kw&-drat'-^k, a. belonging to 
Quadrature kwa'-dra-ture, s. the act of 
squaring, the first and last quarter 
of the month, a square 

Quadrennial, kwK-dren'-ny51, a. con 

sisting of or happening once in four 

years [squared 

Quadrible, kwa'-drfb'l, a. that may be 

Quadrified, kwad'-rf-fyd, a. cloven into 

four divisions 
Quadrilateral, kwad-rt lat'-er-al, a. hav- 
ing four sides 
Quadrille, ka -drfl', s. a game at cards 
Quadripartite, kwa'-di ip'-ar-tite, a. hav- 
ing four parts [four feet 
Quadruped, kwad'-ru-pe'd, a. having 
Quadruple, kwad'-rup'l, a. fourfold 
Quadruplicate, kwa-dru'-pll kate, v. a. 

to double twice 
Quaff, kwaf, v. a. to drink luxuriously 
Quaggy, kwag'-gy\ a. boggy, soft 
Quagmire, kwag'-mire, s. a shaking 

marsh ... r 

Quail, kwale, s. a bird of gams 


[ 229 3 


shttt, note, lose, act6r — hut, push, mite, fur — truly, rye — thus, thick. 

Quailpipe, kwa'le-pipe, s. a pipe to al- 
lure quails with [artful 

Quain;, kwant, a. exact, nice, affected, 

Quaintness, kwant-ne's, s. petty ele- 
gance, nic.Pty [or fear 

Quake, kwi'ke, v. n. to shake with cold 

Quaker, kwit'-ker, s. one of a religious 
sect so called [of the quakers 

Quakeiism, kwa'-ker-tzm, s. principles 

Qualification, kwal-f-fl-ka-shun, s.what 

Qualify, kwal'-t-W, v. a. to make fit, to 
abate, to regulate 

Quality, kwal'-tt-^, s. nature relatively 
considered, property ,disposition,qua- 
lifk-ation, rank 

Qualm, kw/m, s. a sudden fit of sick- 
ness, a temporary rising of the con- 
science [sickly languor 

Qualmish, kwam-fsh, a. seized with 

Quandary, k wan-da'- r^, s. a doubt, a 

Quantity, kwan'-tit-^, s.bulk, part, large 
portion, measure of time in pronoun- 
cing syllables 

Quantum, kwan'-tum, s. the quantity, 
the amount 

Quarantine, kur-^n-ti'nc, s. the space of 
forty days, during which a ship, sus 
pected of infection, is obliged to 
forbear intercourse or commerce 

Quarrel, kw&r-rel, s a brawl, a scuffle, 
a contest— v. n. to squabble, to fall 
into variance, to fight, to find fault 

Quarrelsome, kwar'-rel som,a. choleric, 

Quarry, kwar' r?, s. a square, a stone 
mine— v. n. to prey u< on, to dig out 
stunes [digs in a quarry 

Quarryman, kwar' r^-man, *. one who 

Quart, kwa'rt, s. the fourth part of a 

Quartan, kwa'r-tan, s. the fourth day 
ague a returning every fourth day 

Quartation, kwar-ta-shun, s. a chymical 

Quaner, kwa'r-ter, s. a fourth part, 
three months, proper station, mercy, 
a measure of eigh bushels— v. a. to 
divide into four parts, to station or 
lodge, to diet, to oear as an appen- 
dage [teriy allowance 

Quarterage, kwa'r-ter-£dzh, s. a quar 

Quarter bay, kwa'r-ter da , s. the day 10 
pay or receive rent 01 pension 

Quarterdeck, kwa'r-ter-dgk, s. a short 
upper deck 

Quartermaster, kwa'r-te>-mas-ter,s. one 
who regulates the quarters of sol- 
diers [of a pint 
Quaitern, kwa'r-tern, s. the fourth part 
Quarters, kwar'-ttrz, s. places where 

soldiers are billeted 
Quarterstaff, kwar-ter-staf,s. an ancient 

staff of defence 
Quarto,kwa'r-to, s.a book in which every 

sheet makes four leaves 
Quash, kwash', v. a. to crush, to annul, 

to be shaken with a noise 
Quassatiou, kwas-sa'-shnn, s. act of 

shaking any to pieces 
Quatercousins, ka"-ter-k6z'nz, s. friends 
Quaternion, kwa ter-nyon, s. the num- 
ber four 
Quatrain, kw&'-tr'in, s. a stanza of four 

Quaver, kwa-Ver, v. n. to shake the 
voice, to vibrate — s. a note equal in 
time to half a crotchet, a shake of 
the voice 
Quay, ke', s. a key for landing goods 
Quean, kwe'ne, s. a worthless woman 
Queasy, kwe"-z^, a. fastidious, sick at 
the stomach [pain 

Queck, keY, v. n. to shrink, to shew 
Queen, kwe'ne, s. the wife of a king 
Queer, kwe're, a. odd, strange, particu- 
lar [to appease 
Queil, kweT, v. a. to crush, to subdue, 
Quench, kwensh', v. a. to extinguish 
fire, to allay, to destroy— v. n. to 
grow cool 
Querent, kw&'-rfe'nt, 5. a plaintiff 
Querimonious, kwer-1f-md'-nyus,a. com- 
plaining, querulous 
Querist, kwe'-rt'st, s. an asker of ques- 
Quern, kwg'rn, s. ahand-mill, a churn 
Querpo, kwer'-pd, 5. a dress close to the 
body [complaining 
Querulous, kwer'-u-lus, a. habitually 
Query, kwS'-r?, s. a question — v. a. to 

ask questions 
Quest, kwest', *. a search, an impannel- 

led jury — v. ??. to go in search 
Question, kwesh'-tun, s. interrogatory, 
inquiry, sutnect of debate, doubt — 
7;. a. to inquire, to debate, to 
Questionable, kwg'sh-ton-eb'l, a. doubt- 
ful, suspicious, liable to question 
Questionary, kwSsh'-tun-ar-y" a. it 


[ 230 '} 


Sounds— hat, hate, hall, liar— met, desist, me, h£r— chtn, rhine, fteld, shirt- 

Questionless, kw£'sh-t6n-le's, a. without 
dour>t, certainly [lawsuits 

Questman, kwgst'-man, s. a starrer of 
Questuary, kwgs'-tu-ar-y", a. studious 
of profit, greedy [pun — s. a pun 

Quibble, kwfb'i, v. n. to equivocate, to 
Quick, kwtck', a living, nimble, sharp, 
speedy, active — ad. nimbly, speedily, 
readily — s. living flesh, any sensible 
Quicken, kw"ik'n, v. ti. to make alive, 
to hasten, to excite — v. n. to become 
alive [ed 

Quicklime, kw l ik'-lime,s.lime unquench- 
Quickness, kulk'-nes, s. sharpness, sa- 
gacity, swiftness, activity 
Quicksand, kwlk-sand, s. a moving 

sand, unsolid ground 
Quickset, kwlk'-set, v. a. to plant with 
living plants— s. living plants set to 
Quicksilver, kwik'-sYl-ver, s. mercury 
Quid, kwld', s. a morsel to be held in 
the mouth and chewed, a smal! quan- 
tity of tobacco held in the mouth 
Quiddity, kwid'-Yt-y, s. essence, a tri- 
fling nicety, a cavil 
Quiescent, k wi-eV-sent, a. resting, ly- 

kig at repose 
Quiet, kwi'-fct, a still, peaceable, not 
ruffled — s. rest, repose, tranquillity — 
v. a. to calm, to pacify, to still 
Quietly, kwi'-et-ly", ad. calmly, without 

offence, without violence 
Quietness, kwi'-et-nSs, s. tranquillity, 

stillness, coolness of temper 
Quietsome, kwi'-gt-s6m, a. calm, still 
Quietude, kwi'-et-tude, s. rest repose 
Quill, kwTl',s. the hard and strong fea 

ther of the wing, a weaver's reed 
Quillet, kwfl-tet, s. subtilty, nicety 
Quilt, kwflt', s. the cover of a bed— 
v. a. to stitch one cloth upon an- 
other with something soft between 
them [five 

Quinary, kwi'nar-^, a. consisting of 
Quince, kwfus', s. a tree or its fruit 
Quincunx, kwm'-k'ungks, s. plantation 
of five trees (one at each corner of 
a square and a fifth in the middle,) 
five twelfths of any thing 

Quinquagesima, kwYn-kw'a-dzhes'-Y-ma^ 
s. the first Sunday in Lent 

Quinquennial, kwm-kwen'-nyal, a. last- 
ing or happening once in five years 

Quinsy, kwfn-zv, s. a tumid inflamma- 
tion in the throat 

Quint, kint', s. a set or sequence of five 

Quintal, kwl'n' tal, s. an hundred pound 

Quintessence, kwYn'-te's-se'iis, s. a fifth 
leing, the virtue of any thing ex- 

Quintessential, kwfn-tes-sen'-shyal, a. 
consisting of or containing the quint- 
essence [times told 

Quintuple, kwYn-tup'l, s. five-fold, five 

Quip, kw'/p', v.a. to rally— s. a jest, a 

Quire, kwi're, 5. a body of singers, 24 
sheets of paper — v. n. to sing in con- 

Quirister, kwir'A's-ter, s. a chorister 

Quirk, kwirk', s. a smart taunt, a turn, 

Quit, kwft', a. free, clear — v. a. to dis- 
charge, to repay, to give up 

Quite, kwi'te, ad. completely, perfectly 

Quitrent,kw1t'-rent, s. a small rent re- 

Quittance, kwlt'-tens, s. an acquittance, 
a receipt 

Quiver, kwtv'-er, s. case for arrows— 
v. n. to ouake 

Quoif, kot'f, 5. a cap 

Quoin, koi'n, s. a corner, a wedsie 

Quoit, koft, s. a sort of horse-shoe to 
play with 

Quondam, kwbn'-dam, a. having been 

Quorum, kwo-rum, s. a bench of jus- 
tices, a special commission 

Quota, kwd' ta,s. a share, a rate 

Quotation, kwo-ta'-shun, 5. a citation, 
• passage quoted 

Quote, kwote, v. a. to cite, to adduce 
the words of another 

Quoth, kwo th, v. impcrf. say I or said I 

Quotidian, kwo-ttd-yan, a. daily, hap- 
pening every day 

Quotient, kwd'-shent, s. in arithmetic, 
the number produced by division 

RAF [ 231 ,.] RAM 

shtit, note, lose, actor'— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye — thus, thick. 


R ABATE, ra bate, v.n. to recover a 
hawk to the list again 

Rabbet, rab'-be't, s. ajoi jtin carpentry, 
a groove- v. a. to make a rabbet joint 

Rabbi, rab'-Di, or Rabbin, rab'-Wn, s. a 
doctor among the Jews 

Rabbinical, rab-bln'-i-kal, a. relating to 

Rabbit, rab'-bft, s. a four-footed furry 
animal that burrows in the ground 

Rabble, rabl, a. an assembly of mean 

Rabid, rab' td, a. fierce, furinus, mad 

Race, ra'-se, s. a family, generation, 
particular breed, a running match, a 

Racehorse, ra'se-librs, or Racer, ra'-ser, 
5. a running horse, a horse bred to run 
fo> prizes 

Racing, ras'-fng, p. running in a race 

Rack, rak', 5. an engine to torture, tor- 
ture, a wooden frame for hay or bot- 
tles— v. n. to stream as clouds before 
the \. ind— V. a. to torture, to harrass, 
to defecate 

Racket, rak' e*t , .<? . a noise, an instrument 
to strike a tennis ball 

Racoon, rak'-6'ne, s. an American ani- 
mal like a badger 

Rack-rent, rak'-rent, s. rent raised to 
the utmost 

Racy, ra s^, a. strong, retaining flavour 

Radiant, ra -dySnt, a. shining, emitting 
rays [shine 

Radiate, ra' dyate, v. ?i. to emit rays, to 

Radiated, ra'-dyat-e'd, a. adorned witn 
rays [of rays 

Radiation, ra-dya-shlin, s. an emission 

Radical, rad'-l-ka 1 , a. primitive, origi- 
nal, implanted by nature 

Radicate, rad'-l-kate, v. a. 'o root, to 
plant deeply [fixing deep 

Radication, rad f-ka-shun, 6. the act of 

Radic.e, rad'lVl, 5. that part of the seed 
of a plant which becomes its 1 oot 

Radish, rad'-tsh, s. an esculent ro^t 

Radius, ra'-dyus, s. the semi diameter 
of a circle 

Radix, ra'-dtks, s. root of a plant, any 
primitive word 

Raffle, raf'l, v.n. to cast dice for a 
prize— s. a lottery by casting dice 

Raft, ra'ft, s. a frame or float of wood 
Rafter, rii'f-ter, s. the roof timbers of a 

Raftered, ra'f-terd, a. built with rafters 
Bag, rag', s. any thing tattered or worn 

out [mean fellow 

Ragamuffin, rag-a-mttf'-f Yn, s. a paltry 
Rage, ra'dzh, s. violent anger, fury, 

passion [in rags, rugged 

Ragged, rag'-ire'd, a. rent into or dressed 
Ragman, rag'-man, s. adea er in rags 
Ragout, ra go', s. a high-seasoned stewed 

Rail, rale, s. a son of wooden or iron 

fence — v. n. to enclose with raiis — 

v. a. to insult [rical mirth 

Raillery, ral'-ler-V, s. slight satire, sati- 
Raiment, ra-me'nt, 5. vesture, dress, 

Rain, ra'ne, v.n. to fall in drops from 

the clouds — v. a. to pour down as 

rain — s. moisture that falls from the 

Rainbow, ra'ne-bo, s. a various colour 

ed arch in the clouds, formed by the 

refraction of the sunbeams 
Raindeer, rane-de're, s. large northern 

Rainy, ra'ne-y, a. showry, wet 
Raise, ra'ze, v. a. to lift, to erect, to 

elevate, to advance, to collect or levy 
Raisin, ra'z'n, s. a dried grape 
Rake, ra'ke, s. an instrument with teeth, 

a loose thoughtless fellow — v. a. to 

gather or clear with a rake, to scour 

— v. n. to search 
Rakehell,ra'ke-he1, s. a wild, worthless, 

debauched fellow [lute 

Rakish, ra'ke-lsh, a. loose, lewd, disso- 
Rally, raT-iy, v. a. to reunite disorder- 
ed troops, to treat with satirical nie» 

rim en t 
Ram, ram', s. a male sheep, an engine 

to batter walls— v. a. to drive with 

Ramble, ram'b'l, v. n. to rove loosely, 

to wander— s. an irregular exccursion 
Rambler, ram'-bler, s. one M10 rambles 

from one place to another 
Ramification, ram-1-ft-ka-shun, *. n 

branching out 

RAP [ 232 ] RAC 

Sounds — hit, hate, hall, liar — met, desist, me, her — cWn, chine, field, shirt.-— 

Ramify, ram'-Y-f ^, v. a. to separate into 
branches [ram with 

Rammer, ram'-mer, s. an instrument to 
Rammish, ram'-mlsh, a. strong scented 
Ramous, ramus, a. consisting of 

Ramp, ramp', v. n. to leap about, to 

climb — s. a leap, a spring 
Rampant, ramp'-Snt, a. exuberant, rea- 
dy to attack an enemy, frisky, wan- 
Rampart, ram'-part, or Rampire, ram'- 
pin?, s. the wall round fortified places 
Ran, ran', pret. of Run [stinking 

Rancid, ran'-sui, a. strong scented, 
Rancidity, ran-sid'-it-y', s. strong scent 
Rancorous rangk'-6r-tis, a. malignant, 
malicious, direful [lignity 

Rancour, rangk'-6r, s. inveterate ma- 
Rand, rand', s. a border, the seam of a 

Random*, ran'-d6ra, s. want of direction, 
, chance— a. done by chance, without 

Rang, rang, pret. of Ring 
Range, ra'ndzh, v. a. to place in order 
or ranks, to rove over — v. n. to rove 
at large — s. a rank, an excursion, a 
kitchen grate 
Ranger, ra'ndzh -£r, s. a rover, an officer 

who attends the game of a forest 
Rank, rangk', a. luxuriant, fruitful, 
strong scented, high tasted, high 
grown — s. aline of men, class, order, 
degree— v. place in a row, to ar- 
range — v. n. to be ranged 
Rankle, rangk'l, v,n. to fester, to be 

Rankness, ran'gk-nes, s. superfluity of 

growth, exuberance 
Ransack, ran'-sak, v. a. to plunder, to 

search narrowly 
Ransom, ran'-som, 5. a price paid for 

liberty — v. a. to redeem 
Rant, rant', v. a. to rave in high-sound- 
ing language— s. high-sounding lan- 
guage [rakish 
Rantipole, rant'-¥-pdle, a. wild, roving, 
Ranunculus, ra-ntink'-ft-lus, s. the flower 

Rap, rap', v. «. to strike smartly — v. a. 
to snatch, to strike with a quick, 
smart blow — s. a quick smart blow 
R apacious, ra-pa'-shus, a. given to plun- 
der, seizing by violence 
Rapacity, ra pas'-ft-¥, & exercise of 
plunder, ravenousnes* 

Rape, rape, s. a violent defloration o* 

chastity, a plant 
Rapid, rap'-Yd, a. quick, swift 
Rapidity, ra-ptd'-¥t-y\ *. velocity, swift* 

Rapier, ra'-pyer, s. a small sword 
Rapine, rap' In, a, the act of plunder- 
ing, violence 
Rapt, rapt', s. trance, ecstasy 
Rapture, rap'-t&re, s. ecstasy, transport, 

Raptured, rap'-turd, a. ravished, trans- 
ported [parting 
Rapturous, rap'-tu-rus, a. ecstatic, trans- 
Rare, rare, a. scarce, excellent, thin, 
raw [in a box 
Rareeshow, ra'-ry-sho, s. a show carried 
Rarefaction, ra re-fak'-shon,6. extension 

of the parts of any body 
Rarefactive, ra-re fak'-ttv,a. tending to 
rarefy [v. n. to become thin 

Rarefy, rar* e f #, v. a. to make thin — 
Rarely, ra're ty, ad. seldom, not often 
Rareness, rar'e'-ngs, s. scarceness 
Rarity, ra'-rtt-y, s. uncommonness, thin- 
ness [scoundrel 
Rascal, ras'-kal, s. a mean fellow, a 
Rascalion, ras-kal'-ly6n, $. one of th# 

lowest people 
Rascality, ras-kal'-¥-ty, s. the scum of 
the people [erase 

Rase, raze, v. a. to skim, to destroy, to 
Rash, rash', a. hasty, violent, precipi- 
tate— s. a breaking ut 
Rasher, rash'-er, s. a thin slice of bacon 
Pashness, ras'h-ne's, s. inoonsiderate- 

ness, precipitation 
Rasp, rasp', s. a raspberry, a rough file 

v. a. to rub with a rasp 
Raspberry, ras'-ber-v", s. a berry of a 
pleasant flavoui [writing 

Rasure, ra'-shtir, 5. a scraping out of 
Rat, rat , s. an animal of the mouse kind 
Ratafia, rat-a-f 1, s. a cordial liquor 
Ratan, rat-an', s. asmail Indian cane 
Rate, ra'tf, s. a price or quota, degree, 
manner of doi.jg any thing, a parish 
tax — v. to value, to chide hastily 
Rather, rath' er, ad. moie willingly, 
preferably [firmation 

Ratification, rat \-f \ ka'-shtin, s. a con- 
Ratify, rat'-f-f y, v. a. to confirm, to 
settle [price, scolding 

Rating, rat'-me, jt?arf . fixing at a certain 
Ratio, ra'-sho. s. a proportion 
Raciocinate, ra-shT-fts-ln-ate, v. <x» to 
reason, to argue 

REA [ 233 ] REB 

shot, note, 16se, act6r— hut, push, mute, fur— truly, rye— thus, thick. 

Ratiocination, ra-shf os-m-a'-shtin, s. a 

reasoning or arguing 
Ratiocinate, ra-shl oV-m-a-t?v, a. ai- 
gu.nentative, advancing by progress 
' of discourse [to each man 

Ration, rash'-6n, s. portion of forage, &c. 
Rational, rash'-on-al, a. having the 
, power of reasoning, agreeable to rea- 
son, judicious 
Rationale, ra-shun-a-le, s. a detail wi h 
reasons [of reasoning 

Rationality, ra-shtin aT-¥-ty» s. the power 
Ratsbane, rats'-bane, s. poison for rats, 

Rattle, rat'l, s. quick noise nimbly re- 
peated, empty talk, a child's play- 
thing — v. to make a noise, to rail, to 
scold [steady 

Rattleheaded, rat'1-hed •&!, a. giddy ,not 
Rattleskull, rat'l-sk'til, s. a noisy empty 
fel'ow [with a rattle in the tail 

Rattlesnake, rat'l-snake, s. a serpent 
Ravage, rav'-e'dzh, v. a. to lay waste, to 
sack, to pillage— 5. spoil, ruin, waste 
Raucity, ra-sft-y, s. hoarseness, a loud 

rough noise 
Rave, raw , v. n. to be delirious, to be 

very fond 
Ravel, rav'l, v. a. to entangle, to un- 
weave— v.n. to fall into perplexity 
or confusion [tification 

Ravelin, rav'-lin, s. a half moon in for- 
Raven, ra'v'n, s. a large black carrion 
fowl [gry to rage 

Ravenous, r'av'n-us, a. veracious, nun- 
Raven, raV in, 5. prey, rapine 
Ravin, rdv-i'n, s. dell or deep vale 
Raving, ra'v !ng, p. talking as one deli 

rious, exclaiming furiously 
Ravish, raV-lsh, v. a. to deflower by 

force, to rapture, to detight 
Ravishment, rav'-ish-ment, s. transport, 
rapture, a forcible violation of chas- 
tity [not skilled, chill 
Raw, ra', a. not subdued by fire, sore, 
Rawness, ra'-nes, s. state of being raw, 
victuals not sufficiently dressed or 
even undressed [herb 
Ray, ra, s. a beam of light, a fish, an 
Raze, ra'ze, s. a root of ginger 
Razor, ra-zor, s. a tool for -having 
Razure, ra'-zhur, s. the act of erasing 
Reach, re tsh, v. to touch with the hand 
extended, to arrive at, to fetch and 
give, to hold out— s. the actor power 
of reaching, power, contrivance, 
fetch extent 

Reaction, re ak'-shtin, 5. the reciproca- 
tion of an impulse 
Read, re'de, v. a. to peruse, to discover, 
to know fully — v. n. to perform the 
act of perusing writing, to be studi- 
ous in books 
Read, xM y pret. and -part, of Read — 

a. skilful by reading 
Reader, red'-er, s. one who reads 
Readily, re'd'-l-ly'. ad. e-xpeditelj, with 

little hindrance or delay 
Reading, rea'-ing, s. study, lecture, va- 
riation of copies 
Readiness, xM-'i lies, s. wii/ingness, 

Readmission, re-ad-mfsh'-tin, *. the act 

of admit ring again 
Readmit, re-ad-mtt', v. a. to let in again 
Ready, rgd'-y", a. prepared, willing 
Reaffirmance, rS af-f trm'-e'ns, s. a se- 
cond confirmation 
Real, rS'-al, a. not fictitious, genuine 
Reality, re-ai'-lty, s. truth, what is 
Realize, re'-a-ltze, v. a. to bring into 

being or act 
Realm, reim', s. a kingdom, a state 
Ream, 1 e'me, s. twenty quires of paper 
Reanimate, re an'-i-mate, v. a. to re- 
store to life [again 
Reannex, re-an-neYs, v. a. to annex 
Reap-, re'pp, v. a. to cut down corn 
Reaper, rep'-e>, s. one who reaps 
Rear, re/re, hinder troop, last class — 
v. a. to raise up, to rouse — a. raw, 
half-roasted, half sodden 
Rear-admiral, rere-ad'-mi-ral, s. the ad- 

iii i\ 0: the thiid or last division 
Rearmouse, re'r-mous, s. a bat 
Reascend, re-as-send', v. a. to climb 

Reason, re z'n, s. a cause, a principle, 

a motive— v. a. to argue rationally 
Reasonable, re'z'n-eb'l, a. having the 

faculty of reason 
Reasoning, re'z'n-ing, s. argument 
Reassemble, re-as-sern'b'l, v. a. to col- 
lect anew [again, to reassume 
Reassume, re as-su'm:', v. a. to take 
Reassure, re-fc-sh'ure, v. a. to renew a 

promise, to release from fear 
Reave, re've, v. a. to take by stealth 
Rebaptize, re-bap-tize, v. a. to baptize 

Reba.e, re-ba'te, v. a. to blunt