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Full text of "The Gentleman's Dog, His Rearing, Training and Treatment"

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GENTLEMAN'S 0O6, 



BIS 

Rearing, Training and Treatment. 

By C. A. Brye*> A. H^ IE. D., 



I/' 

i 



T«E l:iV V X.S 
PUBLK L:3?,;.ky 

74};5003 

TltDtN FOUND*] IONS 

R 1»15 L 



PRBFACB. 

ANT men never have known the pleaeure 
of being loved by man's best friend. They 
coneeqnently have never learned to love this faith- 
ful animal friend — the truest on earth to man. 
They are Hko the poor fellow with tlie muck rake 
who was so busy enriching himself with the fonl 
products of earth that he could not see the mellow 
raye of an evening snnseir^r ifihalc the fragraiice of 
the violet at hie feet. '.'-'. 

Poor fellow, he never owned^ nt-rioveii a dog, nor 
would a decent dog have csrert-fojr-hifl Icve.- 

But the Almighty certaiiiiy 'ereateU -the 'dog for 
companionship with mankind, and true to his 
instincts, he will return tenfold in love and loyalty 



all we can do for liim. Bat in the parlance of the 
Old Virginia Gentleman, he must be treated like a 
white man, and that means something more than 
crnstB and kicks and sleeping on the ash-pile. 

This little book is intended to fill a want yet nn- 
filled, as many dog books as we have, for it teaches 
how to care for, train and treat the diseaees of your 
bird dog, and does not keep you constantly bnying 
dog foods and dog remedies, but tells jou what to 
get, how to prepare and how to use remedies after 
you have prepared them. 

It is written by a dog lover, a dog owner, a 
huntsman and a medical doctor, and it ie what yon 
need. 

The Acthoe. 



To Ote TOimxrry of Tny dear friend, 



ho has given me many happy days afield, 
this little book ia Umingty dedicated. 



Copfrishted 1009 by C. A. Bryoe, M. D. 



THE GENTLEMAN'S DOG. 



CHARACTSm AKD DISFCmiTIOIf . 



S|^ EFOBE entering npon the important giihject 
I^P of training the bird dog for active field work 
we will devote a little space to the coneideration of 
the natural tendencies and diepoeition of all bird 
doge, and the peculiar idiosyncraeieB of many indi- 
vidual dogs of their claeees. We would also urge 
upon our readers the importance of knowing their 
own diapositioDS and weaknesses before undertaking 
to train eo sensitive an animal as a thorough bred 
pointer or setter. 

While all dogs have certain instincts and traits in 
common, tliey are individually as different in temp- 
erament and peculiarities as men. 



10 TEE QEHTLBHAN's DOO. 

There is no one wlio has read even the little etory 
books of childhood days who has not had instances 
without nnmber of the dog's fidelity and love im- 
preeeed npon hie mind. Caeee in which doge have 
starved to death while watching over the gravee of 
their departed friends are numeroaa; and the many 
reecnee of persons from drowning and fire where the 
faithful animal has, regardless of siiflering, saved the 
little child who has gained hie love are familiar to 
all. These examples show that the dog possesses in 
a high degree the qualities of love, devotion, intelli- 
gence and courage; and with such qualities one can 
train and perfect a faithful servant and warm heart- 
ed companion that will prove more sincere than any 
human being usually met with outside of the imme- 
diate family circle. 

Possibly the best all-around trihnte to the dog's 
good qualities may be found in Senator Vest's elo- 
quent speech before a jury in a western court some 
years ago when a brute of a man was being tried for 
killing a faithful dog. If you have never read it, it 
will be worth the price of this book; and if you have 
read it, it will not hurt yon to read it again and again. 



fHE OEHTLBU&n's dog. it 

Senator Vest, of Missouri, was attending court in 
a country town, and while waiting for the trial of a 
case in which he was interested, he was nrged by 
the attorneys in a dog case to help them. He was 
paid a fee of |250 by the plaintiff. Voluminona ev- 
idence was introduced to show that the defendant 
had shot the dog in malice, while other evidence 
went to show that the dog had attacked the defend- 
ant. Vest took no part in tlie trial and was not dis- 
posed to Epeak. The attorneys, however, nrged him 
to make a speech, eUe their client would not think 
he had earned his fee. Being thus urged, he arose, 
scanned the face of each juryman for a moment, and 
said: 

"Gentlemen of the Jury — The best friend a man 
has in the world may turn against him and become 
his enemy. His son or daughter that he has reared 
with loving care may prove ungrateful. Thoee who 
are nearest and dearest to us, those whom we trust 
with our happiness and onr good name, may become 
traitors to their faith. The money that a man has 
he may lose. It flies away from him, perhaps, when 
he needs it most. A man's reputation may be sac- 



12 THE GBNTLEMAh'b DOQ. 

rificed in a moment of ill-considered action. The 
people who are prone to fall on tlieir knees to do ae 
honor when eacceee is with ns may be the first to 
throw the stone of malice when failnre settles its 
cload upononr heads. The one absolutely unselfish 
friend that man can have in this Belfieh world, the 
one that never deserts him, the one that never proves 
ungratefnl or treacheroite, is his dog. A man's dog 
stands by him in prosperity and poverty, in health 
and in sicknesB. He will eleep on the cold ground, 
where the wintry winds blow, and the snow drives 
fiercely, if only he may he near his master's side. 
He will kiss the hand that has no food to oSer; he 
will liek the wounds and sores that come in encoun- 
ter with the ronghness of the world. He guards the 
sleep of his pauper master ae if he were a prince. 
When all other friends desert he remains. When 
riches take wings and reputation falls to pieces, lie 
is as constant in his love as the sun in its journeys 
through the heavens. 

"If fortune drives the master forth an outcast in 
the world, friendless and homeless, the faithful dog 
asks no higher pnvilege than that of accompanying 



THE OSNTLEHAn's DOO. 13 

liiiD, to guard against danger, to tight against liig 
enemies. And wlieii tlie last scene of all comee, 
and death takes the master in its embrace, and his 
body is laid away In tbe cold ground, no matter if 
at) other friends pnrKue their way, there by tbe 
graveeide will the noble dog be fonnd, his bead be- 
tween his pawe, his eyes sad, but open in alert 
watclifnlnese, faithful and true even in death." 

Then Vest sat down. He bad spoken in a low 
voice, without any gesture. He made no reference 
to the evidence or tbe merits of the caee. When 
he finished, judge and jury were wiping their eyes. 
The jury tiled out, but soon entered with a verdict 
in favor of the plaintiff for $500. He had sued for 
$200. It is even said that some of the jurors actu- 
ally wanted to hang the defendant. 

There may be a question ae to why we have lim- 
ited the appellation of the Gentleman's Dog in this 
little volume to tbe bud dog — the pointer and setter. 
We have no authority for thus clasaifying these dogs 
to the exclusion of tlie foxhound and shepherd — 
both special favorites with everybody. But as we 
look back upon a memory picture of old Virginia, 



14 TBE OSNTLBMAk's DOtt. 

her gentlemen, and lier dogs also, in tlieir palmiest 
days, we cannot diEa^sociate the bird dogs of ante- 
bellum days from those lordly old fellows known as 
Old Virginia Gentleiueu! 

In "dern good ole days" when the plantation 
songs enlivened the labors of thehnndreda of blacke 
as the goldeu harvests yielded to their cradles, and 
" ole marster " rode among them over liis broad acres 
on his easy-going pacer he was almost always ac- 
companied by a brace of thorough-bred pointers. 

The poor white man and the free negro hnnted 
"ole hyars and 'possnme" with the hound; but the 
bloods of Virginia bird-hunted on thorough-bred 
horsea and with dogs of pure blood likewise. With 
this picture of the past we still remember the bird 
dog as the Gentleman's Dog! 

It would be unfair in us to leave our readers under 
the impression that these dogs were the prominent 
or principal dogs owned by gentlemen in those days, 
for nearly all wealthy gentlemen owned large packs 
of hounds and indulged in fjx hunting extensively. 
So much was the sport endorsed and popularized that 
no one objected to the mad rush of dogs and horses 



THE eBNTI-KMAH'B DOG. 17 

Nothing prepares a pupp; for any of the diseaeee 
mentioned better than gradual Btarvation under 
ignorant ideas of proper feeding. 

One of the most sensible replies that we ever 
received to a question of ours as to how we should 
feed and treat onr little weanling of a setter who 
had a troublesome diarrhoea and looked generally 
miserable and unhappy, came back to us over the 
telephone from a level headed dog man as followe: 
"Doctor, treat him jnst like you would your little 
baby." 

The most valuable remedy in the whole dog 
pharmacopoeia ie common sense, and we advise our 
friends who wish to raise healthy and happy doge 
to use their judgment and experience while listen- 
ing to the advice of others who know probably less 
about the dog than they do themselves. 

Puppies cannot all be subjected to the same line 
of treatment anymore than children can, and this is 
the reason that the well-meant advice of our friends 
is so often actually harmful in individual cases. 

If you examine a dog's teeth you will see that he 
was intended to be a meat eater, and from his con< 



18 THE OBMTLElCAM'a DOG. 

formation it is evident that as he was not certain 
ID primitive days of always getting his meat at 
regular times his capacity for taking a large meal, 
for enduring hunger, and for severe exertion was 
great. Bnt thie ehoiiM also teach ns a leeson that 
aCGOi'ding to a dog's needs should he be fed. The 
results would be qnite different if we allowed the 
puppy witJi little exercise to gorge himself as the 
sinewy hungry dog does after a Itard day's work. 
One would be injured while tlie other be benefitted. 
The growing puppy requires an abundance of 
nourishing food rich in nerve and bone factors and 
a plentiful supply at all times of freeh, clean drink- 
ing water. The setter or in fact any of his class 
will drink a great quantity of water, and unless 
this is provided he will suffer for it and decline in 
health. In our days of civilization the dog, of 
course, has no longer to pursue game for his sup- 
port and coTiseqnently his exercise is not severe 
enough to demand that his food should be meat at 
all times. For this reason a mixed diet is best for 
the growing dog as well as the mature one. As a 
general rule the healthiest puppies are raised from 



THE GBNTLKMAU'S DOG. 19 

the geaeral Bcrappage from the familj table, with 
occasionally some odds and ends from the bntcber. 
It is safe to let a young dog eat whatever he finds iu 
this table oSal and jnst ae mnch ae he will hold. He 
can have milk and meat, cooked and raw, in spite of 
all the ominous head shaking of the wise ones, and 
he will improve and grow fat and strong on it. I 
have raised some of the finest dogs I ever saw by 
giving them a start with raw meat, and keeping them 
fed plentifully on it for a week at a time until they 
wanted something else, and then they would go ahead 
eating corn bread, mush and milk, and table offal, 
when before that they would not touch it, and would 
have starved if restricted to it. It is a good rule 
when your pnppy gets off his food or off the ortho- 
dox food as you have been taught, to let him eat 
whatever he may prefer, whether it agrees with the 
DEual teaching or not, for here is where common 
sense saves the day every time. Twice I have had 
fine puppies saved by my wife who, in spite of my 
former ideas of dieting too rigorously, just stuffed 
them .vith all manner of raw meat, grease, and other 
prohibited articles with the result of bringing them 



20 TUB OKirrLEMilT'e DOS. 

back to t)ie normal in a hurry. I write tine not to 
eiiconrage reckleseneBB in feeding but to show that 
cirenmttHnceB must goperti our conduct in the man- 
agement of the pnppy as in other conditione affect- 
ing our own lives and health. It must be lemem- 
bered that the growing pnppy will require gradnall; 
increaeing amounts of food and of a stronger char- 
acter, and the making of big bones ranst be kept in 
view all the time, for npon a strong skeleton we hope 
to bnild a strong dog. Therefore do not let the 
nothing-bnt- corn-bread idea get hold of yon too 
strong. Good "grudging" flour ae we call the old 
time seconds or brown flour that the country millers 
send back when they make ns a barrel of white flour 
IS one of the best possible additions to the occasional 
food of the young dog. Mixed with a little corn- 
meal and properly baked it makes a delightfnl change 
of diet for a few days at a time. 

One of the best all-around foods that we know 
of is made from a recipe appearing in the AmaUw 
Trainer, one of the best books on training of the 
bird dog in the English language, and written by 
onr friend, Ed. H. HaberJein, of McPherson, Kan- 



THE OBNTLSHAn's DOG. 21 

Bae, and 8oId by him at $1.50 postpaid] a book that 
yon all ehould have. His formula is as followr: — 

"Secure Bcrape at your meat ehop, or bny a clitink 
of cheapest beef; put tliie into a kettle with hot 
water and a pinch of salt, aud boil until meat falls 
from the bones; fish out the latter, and with a fork 
stir meat into ehrede, to remain in the broth. Now 
stir and work into this a mixture consisting half and 
half of corn meal and shorts to a stiff dough; fill 
low pans and place into a slow oven till qnite well 
baked through. When cooled cnt pone into suita- 
ble pieces. The quantity of meat (bus worked into 
meal and shorts may be in proportion of one to six' 
At the slaughter house the head of a beef may 
be had for the asking, and such a one can be util 
ized for the above purpose with very good results. 
After boiling, the bones of the head become quite 
brittle, and these form a splendid part of the dog's 
diet. Dog bread made as above stated will keep 
for a long time, and it embodies nourishment of 
the very best quality; the dogs eat it with delight 
and remain in excellent condition". 

Like the grown dog the puppy's heaviest meal 



22 ^ THE eBKTLBUAN'S DOO. 

ehonld be his Bapper, and in cold weatlier it should 
contain enough meat scraps or a little fat to help 
keep him warm. Cooked greens and other vegeta- 
bles, pot liquor and corn bread softened in it is tip- 
top. He needs a variety just like yjn and me, and 
if this general idea ie borne in mind you will raise 
a strong sprightly dog that will stand by you under 
all conditions, whatever may come 



J^Mp S we Lave eaid a tirBt-claes dog should be 
^SHi treated like "a white man" to nse a com- 
mon expression of we "down south" fellows. Ton 
cannot expect to raise a decent self-respecting dog 
nnleBS yoD think enough of him to give him com- 
fortable, clean, and well attended sleeping quarters 
A dog that has to scurry around when night comee 
on for a place to sleep is nobody's dog and will 
sooQ not have courage or bottom enough to defend 
his home when yon give him one. 

The country dog is more likely to be neglected 
in this respect than the dog raised in a city for ob 
vious reasons, and yet it is just as important to 
teach a dog in the country that he has a better 



24 TBB GENTLEMAN'S DOG. 

place for hie lodging-room than the cow shed, hay 
Btack, or under tlie honee. Inattention to thie pro- 
vision of one certain comfortable place for sleeping 
belonging solely to the one dog is one of the surest 
ways of creating a rambler from home and eneonr- 
aging shiftless ways and inconstancy towards his 
master. 

From about the first of May to the latter part of 
September the dog needs no other bed than the 
ground or clean plank floor under an open shelter. 
For the remainder of the year he needs a comforta- 
ble kennel or other compartment in some building 
that he can get in and out at all times The size of 
the kennel or room in the building should be small 
enough to allow the natural heat from the dog's 
body to accumulate and help to keep him warm 
with the least expenditure of his own reserve. We 
would say a room two and-ahalf by three feet and 
four feet high would be an average good house for 
the dog. It should be so constrncted that its sides 
could be removed to allow thorough cleaning at 
regular intervals as well as for arranging the bed- 
ding. The fioor should be absolutely airtight, for 



THE QSNTLBMAN^S DOO. SS 

no dog can be kept comfortable in severe weather 
upon a floor admitting air from beneath, however 
mnch yon may cover it with bedding. It is equal- 
ly as important to allow sufficient ventilation over- 
head, for doge ueed fresh, pnre air za well as 
body warmth. The beet way to keep the cold 
winds from disturbing the dog in his sleeping room 
ia to have a wigwam- shaped entrance which may be 
bnilt of plank or canvas as is most handy. This 
winding entrance secnrely guards the puppy or old- 
er dog from the severe winds that tax his powers 
and lay him liable to diseases only awaiting certain 
depressed conditions to make themselves manifest. 
The bedding may consist of several layers of 
crocus bags, carpeting, pjnetags, excelsior, walnut 
leaves and similar stnS. I am opposed to allowing 
wheat straw under dogs, for it certainly has a ten- 
dency to promote skin troubles. The bedding 
should be frequently changed and renewed, for fil- 
thy bedding is all that is needed to produce any 
number of obstinate skin affections. 



VHB BATH. 

jljgig HE dog having no pores in its ekin lias not 
1^^ tbe advantage of the freely sweating dnimals 
of relieving the Iiide of many impuritJee and con- 
sequently is far more liable to skin affections than 
might he supposed. It is particularly true of long 
haired dogs, as the setter and shepherd dog. Such 
dogs need frequent bathing both for their comfort 
and for health. Tliey can be best protected from 
vermin and incipient mange by systematic washing 
with a good antiseptic soap once or twice a week. 
I am confident that many cases of mange or so call- 
ed scratcheu commence from a dirty irritated ekin, 
and more particularly will this be the case if the 
skin has gotten in a state of rebellion by the pres- 



THB qbhtlkman's doo. 27 

ence of thonsaDds of dog lice which infest dirty 
hides OD ill Dotiriehed dogs. The frequent bath re- 
liereB and prevents all these conditioDB. 

Now the Dovice will wish to know whether to 
wash his dog in cold weather, whether to nse warm 
or cold water, what kind of soap to nse and oiany 
other questions that we wonid hardly snppose him 
to ask, yet this ie natural when a man wishes to do 
exactly right abont all the details in caring for a 
good dog in a hnmane manner. And we would 
say in this instance as in all others: In all cases 
nse good common sense, ae circumstances changing 
will force conditions to be so altered that yon can- 
not follow any hard and fast rules. Adapt the 
temperature of the bath to the comfort of the dog ; 
if the weather is very cold take the chill oS the 
water, wash the dog in a sheltered place and be 
sure to dry him thoroughly before turning him out 
of doors. This is all the precaution needed for 
washing in winter. I seldom use warm bath for 
dogs even in winter, but often take oflE the chill. 
The main care being to rub the dog thoroughly dry 
so that he will not be chilled after his bath. In 



TBK QBirrLBHUI e DOO. 



Buinmer the natnra] temperatnre of the water ie all 
right and if the Bon ie ebining and the dog can 
have a run and wallow in the graee I omit rnbbing 
him dry. 

The question of what aoap to nee will arise and 
yon will be told that this, that or the other is the 
best. The fact is they all are good, bnt very little 
better than the average aoap sold in the grocery or 
drng stores for family nee. Some are entirely too 
liigh for their actnal worth bucanse they are sold on 
reputation, and claims, that we are sorry to say, 
have not been realized in our experience. Any 
good castile or tar soap will be all needed for yonr 
dog's bath, and if you need to treat liim for any 
skin affection it is better to apply a direct remedy 
for the disease than (o reiy npon the small amount 
of drug in an ordinary washing soap to cure him. 

The mistake ie frequently made of using a soap 
too strong with carbolic acid or other antiseptic 
agents which leaves the ekin irritated, when really 
the object is to leave the skin clean and pliable 
with a good lively feeling and scented pleasantly 
with such agents as will drive away insects and 



THB OKNTLKMIM 8 DOO. 29 

make an agreeable odor at the same time. We 
greatly prefer the regnlar nse of a good caatile soap 
followed by a epray of mild earbolized water, creo 
liri, or apirite of lavender, ail of wbicli will drive 
away parasites and vermin. 



Slffl|S EXT to proper feeding for the puppy and 
|i||g growing dog ie correct and regnlar ezerciae. 
This like other things in the care of the dog ia fre- 
quently given with the very best intentions, but re- 
sults disastronaly to the yonng dog. It mnst not 
be argued that if exercise will aid the puppy's di- 
gestion and development of frame and muscle, that 
the more the better for this purpose. Exercise, 
like medicine should be administered in proper dos- 
es, at proper times and with regularity to accom- 
plish certain desired results. No two dogs have 
exactly the same powers of indurance nor the same 
capacity nor need for food or exercise. This is a 



THE OBMTLEHAM'b DOG. 31 

matter for the trainer or owner to aBcertaio from a 
study of the individaal dog or puppy. 

No growing puppy can be kept healthy and de- 
veloped to the best advautage for field work with- 
out Byetematic exerciee gradually increased food 
conenmption and bodily growth. 

It ehould be borne in mind that the young dog is 
taken out to improve his digeBtion, strengthen hie 
muscular and nervous Bystem, to improve his circu- 
lation and give him "good wind," and lastly, and 
by no means least, to let him get acquainted with 
the world so as not to conduct himself like a 
fool the first time he finds himself outside of his 
yard. 

Simply walking along a highway or running over 
the pike is not the correct form of exercise. The 
dog is to he trained for the work ahead of him. 
He should be allowed a free rein to go in the fields, 
jump ditches, run and race in the leaves and pine 
tags and take a plimge in the ponds and streams as 
he likes. From six months until the dog is a year 
old he slionld have at least 2 or 3 outings a week 
working him up to his full capacity of endnrance — 



TBR OEMTLEHAN S DOQ. 



but not beyond. A dog bo raised will be in condi- 
tion to take the field wlien be ii a ^'ear old and stay 
with the best of them all da; long. 



WBK HE great principle in training the bird dog, 
iSSI 0' fiij other dog for that matter, ia to gain 
hie affection, bis respect, and liia obedience; and 
the chief of these is obedience — prompt and une- 
quivocal. We have often noticed perfortnances go- 
ing on between the muster and vonng dog under 
the name of training when in fact the yonng dog 
was being mined, just as manj a cliild is ruined by 
a too indulgent and soft liearted parent. 

The half-handed system of playing with a young 
setter or pointer and persuading liim to come to 
yon, fetch, or lie down, is not understood by the 
dog as being in the order of command, nor does he 
consider that he is obeying your command when he 



34 TUB obntleuan'b doo. 

brings yun a ball or stick ander such conditions. 
In other words, he is playing with jOD and stops 
when he gets eiioDgh of it. There is uo ase to get 
mad ai)d whip or cower him at this Btage; you will 
oiiiy ni:ike maiters worse and after a while he will 
be afraid even to play that kind of t^ame with yon. 
It ie all right to play with your dog — it makes 
him affectionate and givis him a good disposition, 
but let it be play pare aud simple and do not give 
him any commands, nor impose any task npon him, 
and let him quit whenever he likes. But when yon 
commence to train you must let him nnderstand 
that it is a matter of business and obedience and 
then you must let your orders and words be few, 
distinct and be obeyed. One of the greatest les- 
sons taught dog trainers has been the instruction 
in what is known as the force system witliont the 
whip. Our friend Edward F. Haberlein, the an- 
ther of an excellent manual, gives very full direc- 
tions fur this system by the use of the force col- 
lar. We commend the book to onr readers. But 
the principle involved owes its value to the un- 
derlying foundation-stone of teaching obedience in 



THK SICNTLEMAN's DOG. 35 

small things iu the beginning, and insteaii of beat- 
ing and coweringi; a dog, to bo control bim tbat he 
eeee it is beet to do what be is commanded to do. 

Now to Btart with ; We must make objection to 
much that is considered "the thing" in dog training. 
We are totally opposed to a lot of unnecessary, and, 
to oDr mind, fooli»^h accomplishments insisted upon 
by "professional" dog trainers and dog owners. 
There are also terms which are not in common use 
with the average person and which we believe 
should be dropped. Of course if you are going to 
train a dog to meet the requirements of a select 
few, you must teach him to do alt the stunts requir- 
ed by these critics, and in this way you perfect him 
in one way and handicap him in another and fre- 
quently ruin him for field work. It must be re- 
membered too that you are training your dog for 
your own pleasure and for your own field work; and 
as no two men nor dogs possess the same ideas or 
dispositions, possibly your dog will work to suit 
you perfectly when no other dog would do it half 
80 well- Therefore you wish a good, sweet tem- 
pered and obedient dog at home and afield. 



86 THE gkntleman'b doo. 

To illustrate the importance of few conimande 
and instant obedience, I will mention that on one 
occasion I asked a veteran hnntsman and dog raiser 
what he considered the most important thing to 
teacli a bird dog. He promptly replied "If I had 
only one thing to teach my pointer or setter it 
would bo to "stop instantly anywhere I told him to 
do BO." And another great hunter made almost a 
similar reply when he told us that a dog ehonld al- 
ways be nnder snch command "that yon can get 
yonr hand on him when you want him." 

The point insisted upon is not only ohedience bnt 
prompt obedience. When you tell a dog to "take 
eare" or "down," he mnst not continue to walk 
ahead slowing down gradually and getting into a 
covey or upon a eingle bird, hemnst stop as prompt- 
ly as the sound of the voice reuehes his ear. 

To illustrate again on this vital point; When 
you go into your back yard and whistle and clap 
your ImtiHfl and say "come here Boh" and your dofj 
comes bounding to yon, he does not do this liccauRe 
you eay "come here" but becanse he is glad to eee 
you and wants to play with yon and welcome you. 



THE 6BKTLBMAN 8 DOQ. 



Zl 



When you toes a ball out to him and he rnoe after 
it and brings it to you, he doee not do it because 
yon tel) him to "fetch it," but because it is fan 
fot him. He lias no idea that he is under your 
dominion or in any sense obeying you. 

But wlien you see him anywhere about the prem- 
ises, no matter how far off, and no matter how much 
engaged in |)Iay or otherwise, if you say to him in 
a distinct, quiet tone, "Down" and he immediately 
prostrates iiimself with fore feet extended and head 
resting Sat upon the gronnd, lie is obeying your 
command. If you, then tell him "Up" and he gets 
up and stands awaiting furtlier orders, he ie obeying. 
If yoH can say "Come here" — no coaxing, beckon- 
ing or en con rage m en t, and if he promptly comes to 
yop, and obeys the other few commands — "Take 
care," "Sit down," you have a dog ihat is as well 
trained as mortal man can train an intelligent ani- 
mal and all other things can be easily achieved with 
but little trouble. 

Now, hnw is the best way to reach this desirable 
state with the young dog J 

As we have said, dogs differ in disposition and 



is 



TllE (IektLbman a I 



while man; may be trained b; patieoee and gentle- 
ness, some will require more forcible measures tlian 
others and for this class we nnhesitatingl; recom- 
mend Haberlein's method of the force collar and 
cord. 

We have foand that the vocabulary for all usnal 
purposes with the bird dog may be contained with- 
in about the following list, and are the most impor- 
tant in the order in which they are stated : "Take 
care" which means to stop and remain in a standing 
position until ordered forward. "Hie on" which 
means to advance or seize the object which he stop- 
ped to point. "Hie Away" which means liberty to 
go away, play or do what he likes— in the field it 
means to proceed to scour the fields and range for 
game. "Sit Down." Emphasize the word "sit" 
and pronounce "down" lightly. The dog should 
sit upon his liannches and be attentive for any oth- 
er command or order. "Down" is one of the most 
important commands, and should be followed by an 
iiiB^ant nrnatriition of the dog's body, extensioD of 
srward and a complete dropping of 
between the front feet. The dog 



TBS OEKTLEHA.N a DOQ. 39 

sbould associate this command with a downward 
waviiif; of the hand ; bo that when at a distance, or 
when yon wish to make no noise a simple wave of 
the hand towards tlie earth will bring him down 
promptly. 

"Come Here" — "Bring It" and "Let Go" are 
self explanatory, and those eight commands will fit 
your dog for the field. Understand — you cannot 
teach yoar dog 1o hunt and find game, point it and 
rctriuve it after it is killed. If lie does not inherit 
tJiese tendeociee and practise them natnrallj he is 
worthless. But yon can so train liim that he will 
point or stand and retrieve an^MiH^ and when he 
finds game he will be cautions and obedient and 
Boon adapt your general training to his special work 
afield. 



TiHB worn. TRAmmo. 

UGH lias been said and written aa to the 
proper time to commence training the pup- 
py. Tliid 18 subject to varying conditions, for really 
while a dog's education should commence as soon as 
it is old enougii to understand anything, the serious 
metiiodical training should not be undertaken until 
a puppy is six or eight months old and reasonably 
well developed. 

So our rule is to commence with the pup at two 
or three months and the lirst thing we teach him is 
to "Take Care" before he eats hie food — not always, 
but so many times a week. It is just as important 
to let him have his food without tliis command also, 
as it teaches him the diSerence between obedience 



T&B gbiitlbiia.n's doo. 41 

and reatraiat on the one hand and freedom and lib- 
erty on the oiher. 

Therefore we take the pappy and set Iiie plate of 
food before him and white gently reatraining him 
by holding, we say in a quiet, distinct tone; "Take 
Care," and keep him quiet for a few moments, le 
leasing him with the words "Hie on." Be careful 
and always try to speak the words plainly and in 
the same qniet tone, and by all means do not keep 
repeating them as if you were fearful he would not 
obey — make htm take care by simply holding him 
quietly without further words. Don't overtax the 
puppy's patience, but gradually extend the time un- 
til your dog will wait a full minute for you — or 
longer. 

Don't make the mistake of getting too far away 
from the puppy until yon know you have him 
staunch, then you may caution him and place his 
food three or fonr feet in front of him and, stand- 
ing to one side and between him and his plate, give 
the order to "Take Care." The puppy should 
stand staunchly until you order him on. Then yon 
should gradually increase the distance so that where- 



43 THB OBNTLEUA.N'e DOO. 

ever yon are be will come to a prompt etand when- 
ever he hears your voice. 

Don't lose yonr temper, nor chastise the dog, bnt 
keep cool and firm, and maintain absolute control of 
him bj actually holding liim if necessary. Never 
give a pnppy two commands at the same time nor 
in different words for the same command ; yon will 
confonnd him and make him unstable and uncertain 
— and when he loses con6dence in himself as your 
interpreter he is ruined. 



""^^^^^^^ 



IK TMB PIBU>. 

S^ T may be inferred that after all we liave wril- 
g^ ten tliere is nothing more to be done for the 
dog bat take liim into the field and find hitu a good 
hunter, ataanch on point, a good "dropper," a per 
feet retriever &a., &n. Well, with ordinary care 
each a dog can be carried into the field and will, 
with a little handling, do all of these things. 

The three things to he gnarded against in the field 
are flashing, chasing (or breaking shot) and improp 
er retrieving. Kight here ie where we wish to again 
impi'eBs upon you the importance of prompt obedi- 
ence — "teaching the dog to atop when you tell 
him" as we have so frequently impressed upon the 
reader. Therefore if the lesson has been properly 



44 THE QENTLBUAN 8 DOO. 

tanght at home ia the yard— two of the tronbles 
are exdnded for he will neither flneh uor (break 
shot) chaee birds after covey liae jtotten up if you 
are able to control him with your voice. In spite 
of your efforts shonld the dog get excited aud hard- 
headed and bolt into the covey any way, we know 
of no better method than the force collar and cord 
which Mr. Haberlein so well describee in his book. 
In fact no one makes or sells a better force col- 
lar than Mr, Kaberlein. This collar, provided with 
modified metal points next the dog's neck and with 
a ring into which is snapped as much cord (sash 
cord is our preference) as you like, is the outfit. 

For a headstrong dog we prefer twenty feet of 
good cord. Usually fifteen feet is enough. The 
application is simple. If yonr dog is a flusher, put 
on the collar and cord and let htm trail until he is 
nearly ready to mo into the birds. Keep close to 
him and caution him with the words "Steady," 
"Steady." Kow as he scents the birds and increas- 
es his pace it is the proper time to test his obedi- 
ence. Step lip and tell him to "Take care" in a 
firm, but quiet tone. If he pays no attention to it, 



THE gkntlkman's doo. 45 

pick lip tlie end of the cord, run forward with it so 
as to give it good slack, drop it, and put yonr foot 
down on it firmly and juet before tlie dog makes it 
taut, call out eliarply "Take care," and let liim 
know tliat "Take care" means to stop and to stop 
instantly. Don't scold liim nor speak a word, bnt 
let liltn know tliat he brings it on himself. Instead 
of nsing the foot to hold the cord a very convenient 
method is to wear a stout leather belt with a strong 
snap attached and the drag end of the cord, which 
always terminates in a good sized iron ring, can be 
picked up and snapped on to the belt. In this way 
the trainer has the use of his hands and can simply 
drop back on the cord with his whole weight and 
bring the dog np jnst at ihe proper moment. 
When yon are using the gun in advanced training, 
and wlien yon are leaching to drop to shot as it is 
called, and wieh to break the habit of chasing, this 
belt is indispcnBable. 

Now the same procedure with the force collar 
that breaks the dog of flushing will make him re- 
main etamich after the covey tias flown until you 
give him the command. The judgment of the 



46 THB obntlrhah'b doo. 

handler and disposition of the dog will determine 
when to relinqalsb the use of the force collar, but 
it is weil to keep the collar reversed on the dog 
with a little cord attached eo as to remind liim that 
he is yet under restraint and likely Co pnnieh him- 
self if he is disohedieiit. 

Of course whipping, kicking, beating and shoot- 
ing will break a dog occasionally of these faults but 
no man acqaatnted with the character and traits of 
the bird dog nor with tlie proper feelings towards 
God's creatures will tie likely to adopt these meth- 
ods, when more sensible and humane measures are 
at hand in the force collar. 

KBTEIBVING. 

If your dog has been properly trained in the yard 
to "fetch" and "let go" the chances are that if he 
retrieves he will do it properly. Some dogs will 
never retrieve; most will do it, and the important 
thing is the manner in which it is done. The dog 
who moutliB, noses and chews the bird, and who 
holds on to it nntil you drag it out of hie mouth 
isn't tit. to carry into the field and unless broken of 
the habit will be worse than worthless. This very 



TUB ORNTLEMAM'a DOG. 47 

l)ad faii)t ij iiaiially tlie result of carelessiieee on the 
part of the trainer in permittiog the yonng dog to 
catch and kill a wounded bird in the beginning. 

Thie is the verj worst thing that could happen, 
and it U very hard to break the habit. But with 
pains and patient yard training it may be done. 
For fear of this accident we always advise onr 
friends to have a companion who will do the shoot- 
ing at first so as to allow the owner or trainer to 
have control of his dog with both hands at all times. 
Id this way the dog never has the advantage and a 
few outings will cure him of all bad habits and 
make him staunch, safe and reliable afield under all 
circumstances. 

There are other faults that serionaly handicap a 
dog's usefulnoBG, and some that render him actually 
worthless. The worst of these is gun shyness, and 
while it may be overcome, we have never had the 
patience to cure a well developed case of it and 
offer no suggeetioiis on the subject. Our honest 
belief is that a thoroughly gunehy dog ie only fit 
for a pet about the house and then he is taking care 
and attention that had better be bestowed upon a 



48 TBS obntleham's doo. 

dog that could be not only a pet, but capable of fill- 
ing all of tbe requireiuents of a first-claee banter 
afield. 

ApropoB to tbe Bobject of training the bird dog, 
I will cloBC thie chapter with a little article from 
my pen which appeared in the Amateur Sports- 
man for December 1895, and which iiluBtrates my 
ideas with tbe yonng dog when introducing to field 
work: 

" HOW TO TR&IK TOtTK DOG. 



I wish to state at the commencement that I do 
not expect to eay anything likely to inatruct the 
"regulars," but, as a member of the army of good 
fellows who hunt occasionally and tiah whenever 
they can, with rude implements and adverse condi- 
tions, I may offer a suggestion or two for those of 
my class. In this paper I will talk briefly about 
the dog, one of the noblest animals ever created 
and man's most davotod friend. 

It has been my fortune, or, rather, misfortune, to 
spoil some as good dogs as any man ever owned, 
and this by trying to follow the advice of men sup- 



THE osntlbman's doo. 49 

posed to know "all about it." While going tliroiigh 
this school I learned some few things of value, and 
HOW I feel able to apeak positively on a few points 
in the training of young dogs, especially setters and 
pointers. 

Possibly a little account of my management of 
two different dogs will better illustrate my lesson. 
A number of years ago a friend presented me with 
a full-blooded setter pnppy, and I determined to 
make a crack dog of him in every particular. I 
was told that obedience was everything, and I made 
that dog obedient, you may be sure. When he was 
eight mouths old I could speak to him in an under- 
tone and he would fall to the earth, with his tail 
between his legs, like one stone dead. But this obe- 
dience was duarly bought, for when he was in the 
tieh), although he had a most excellent nose, he was 
80 cautious and fearful of not catching my every 
command or wish that he would stand, tremble and 
wait for me, look back, and tiien advarce on a cov- 
ey of hirde until lie would make forty stands be- 
fore I actually reached the birds. lie was a good 
dog, but too well trained. 



50 THE OENTLRlf An's DOO. 

I concluded afrer tliis that I wanted a dog with 
more |)ii»h ahont him. So I got anotiier and gavu 
him more latitude in training. He would at com- 
mand, '"Titkecare," atop reasonably before iiia iood. 
hut I alwaj'B took good pains lo "hie on'' in good 
time to keep him from really diBobeyiog me. He 
would bring me a glove or any light article when I 
threw it away, and he felt in the humor to do ao. 

I flattered myself that I had a pretty good dog, and 
with ihe proper amount of field training expected 
to find hint a treaenre indeed. Well, he was a dan- 
dy. He could atnell partridgea a half-mile away, 
and Ilia great Z'al woald carry Iiim right np to 
them. He would make his oeaal "bread stand,'' 
take it for granted that I had said "hie on," and np 
he wonld get the covey, regardless of all my yell 
ing and threatening. The only way I ever got a 
shot waa to outrun him. I never encceeded in 
breaking him of tins bad habit. 

1 have been bothered much in former yeai-s alwnt 
doge not retrieving, running liarep, etc. Ni.w, here 
is the way I handled the last dog I trained— i bavu 
him now. Ho is entering hie fourth year, Ib a 



THE OKNTLKHAk's DOO. M 

pointer dog of dret-class blood, a beairty and one of 
the beat all aronnd dogs in Virginia, or any otlier 
State in the Union. 

TIiJB puppy was given to me when about two 
moathe old. I determined to etudj its disposition 
and make a friend of it. I had long a^o learned 
that no two dogs have the same disposition, nor can 
they be treated alike, either in regard to petting or 
pnuibhrnent. I was very fond of him, and allowed 
liiin much liberty, talked to him a great deal, play- 
ed with him frequently, scolded him moderately 
when he needed it, and always complioiented him 
highly for hia good behavior. I wish to say right 
here that experience has proven to me that the av- 
erage dog or horse can anderstand and appreciate a 
very large vocabulary, and for this reason I am a 
very great talker to dogs and horses. The next 
thing to be observed is the fact that tho dog, espec- 
ially, is anxious and willing to do his master's bid- 
ding as soon as he understands him. 

We will get back to my dog. Fully trusting to 
the general intelligence of my dog, I took him into 
the field at eight months of age, and he trailed up 



52 TSB obktlkhah's Doa. 

n covey of fiartridfi^B and made a very pretty etaiid. 
I was two hundred yards anay, and lie looked anx 
ionsly back for me several times, and finally, jnet 
before I reached Iiim, he sprang into them and chwH 
ed them beautifully. I was sorry to have liiiii do - 
this, hilt I knew he was a puppy and I wonld have 
to calk to him, about it. I called him in and patted 
him and safd nothing abont his bad behavior. 

The next day we winded some birds, and this 
time I called bim back sharply and made hipn keep 
close to me. When within sixty yards of the cov- 
ey lie began to creep and tremble, throwing liis eye 
back at me for every few steps and advancing like a 
panther. Now, huntsman, here is a pictnre for the 
artist, and here is the time and place to make or 
ruin your dog. 

"Steady now, boy, take care," I said, in a quit-t, 
kindly manner. The puppy knew exactly what I 
meant, and steadily felt his way, telling me plainly 
with iiie eye and gestures that be appreciated liis 
work. 

"Steady, boy," I said lower in tone, and wiih 
eyes blazing witli intensity, tail straight as an arrow. 



THE rentleuan'b doo. 53 

bell; almost tonching the gronnd, aDd every mascle 
in a quiver, lie came to a stand as decided and im- 
movable as if he had been transformed to marble. 
I advanced and up the covey arose; bangl and one 
bird fell. (I was shooting a little einglebarrel 
breeul I loader.) The puppy started off at a good 
rnn after the birds, but with a little positive calling 
he ctme baek and found the dead bird, mouthed it 
and left it. I conld not persnade him to bring it to 
nif. nor did I worry him much about it. 

In a few weeks lie would stand, flush at command, 
and hnnt single birds very well, but had never re- 
trieved — would not do eo. I did not get mad with 
him ubont this fault, for I reasoned tliat he was a 
youngster, and further that as all of the birds I had 
killed were in the open and easy to get myself he 
did not see the necessity for btiiiging Ihcm. Still, 
I was very sorry he wonld not do bo, and trnsted to 
his affection and good sense to overcome this evil. 

One day late in the eeason I was liiintiiig over a 
low ground with a friend and just as we came to 
the edge of a dense half acre of immense briars, als 
eolutely impenetrable for a man, a large covey arose 



61 THE QBNTLEHAH^B DOO. 

and we dropped three of thetn about forty yards 
in this field of briarB. The dog was soouring the 
field on the other Bide wh«ii we got the Suck up, 
and hearing the ehotB came bounding to ua. I had 
not much hope of getting the birds, as my dog had 
never brought me one, but I told him to "look for 
them." He threaded hie way in and I eoor. heard 
a crippled bird fliitti^r when hu caught it. I could 
not Bee ten feet in the jungle, but spoke encourag- 
ingly to him and continued to say, "Bring liim to 
master," "Come along, good boy," etc., and to ray 
. great delight he caine, not only once, but again and 
again, until he had brought all three birds and laid 
them at my feet. 

From that day to this he has invariably gotten my 
game for me, unless it would happen to be within 
immediate reach of me. One great error with the 
young dog owner is to be too particular abont his 
dog. Now, I do not care a snap how many hares 
my dog runs, nor whether he is a good "'possum 
dog" or not. The fact is simply the amount of 
brain yonr do^; may have. A good dog will hunt 
anylhiiig and do it correctly. My pointer has no 



THB obktlrmak's doo. 55 

saperior for birds, and jet he will staud, run and 
brinf; back a hare as well as a hound. He will put 
turkeys np a tree and come back and lie as etill as a 
mouse nntil tliey are yelped up and shot. He will 
tree squirrels and bark until I tiud him, and then 
h« will keep his mouth shut and never move out of 
liiu tracks for a half hour or nntil I shoot the little 
game. He will throw down a eteer or hold a ho^ 
weighing one hundred and fifty pounds as still as 
Hny two men could. The fact is, whatever he does 
he does well, and he is capable of doing a great man; 
things. This is a very complimentary notice of my 
own dog, and I never would offer it to the readers of 
the Ahatbub SpoETSMiN but for the fact that it 
mny impress them with the importance of having 
patience with young dogs, treating tliein as intelli- 
frent beings and gaining their affection and very 
beet possible work." 
HlOBMOMD, Va. 



TKBATIEftS TBB SICK DOe. 

^^ VERY dog owner slionld have a reasonablj 
^^ fair knowledge of tlie usual dieeases affecting 
the dog and he should know enough of certain rem- 
edies to make intelligent use of same when thrown 
upon his own resources. 

So we will first call attention to a few drugs and 
the matters of dose and method of giving. The 
full grown year or two old dog weighing fifty or 
seventy pounds can take usually about the average 
dose of any ordinary drug that we prescribe for the 
adult human being, though we seldom give the larg- 
est dog over half the full dose, preferring to in- 
crease with small doses at short intervals until we 
have the desired efEect. Puppies according to age 



TUB obntleham'b doo. 57 

and eize require diminished doeee in proportion, so 
that you can figure ont a puppy'a dose if yoo know 
the adalt human dose, or dog's dose which we usu- 
ally make one-half less. It is well also to remem- 
ber that the animal, aniike man, has not been raised 
on drags and become immune to their action by re- 
peated and constant use, hence their action becomes 
more prompt and energetic than in man, therefore 
for given eSecte tliey require less drug. Then 
again certain drugs act diSereutly according to dose, 
and some are not as well borne by the lower ani- 
mals while others must be administered in larger 
doses to have required effect. For example a dog 
will improve on doses of arsenic that would be 
dangerous for a man, while very small doses of 
cocaine will often affect him seriouely. Strychnine 
should be given with much caution and in smallest 
doses in commencing, while the mnch used carboHo 
acid has been the cause of much damage to many 
dogs by reason of its reckless use, and its ill effects 
on the kidney. Many a dog has been made toenffer 
from partial paralysis, weak back and nephritis or 
kidney infiammation from having been literally 



6$ TR& GBNTLBHAM^B DOO. 

bathed in carbolic acid as we find it in man; lotions 
for vermin, scratches and skin troubles. 

It IB a good rule never to give a dog medicine nn- 
lesfl he needt it, and it ie a better rnle to always 
know what yon are giving, and stitl better to know 
what you arc giving it for or what fffect it should 
liave — an effect that yon can see whether yon are 
getting or not. While there are many excellent 
ready-made preparations for the varions ailments of 
the dog pnt np by the manufacturers, we prefer to 
fix our own drugs and make our own preparations 
for our own use, but whenever we use any propne- 
tary remedy we always inform ourselves of the in- 
gredients entering into it before using it on our d<^. 
We would suggest this advice to our readers, for 
then you will know when you are getting the effects 
desired and when to stop the use of the remedy. 

Among the drugs most commonly needed we will 
mention the following: 

Calomel — The Mild Chloride of Mercury — is 
used as a prompt purgative in 5 or 6 grain doses — 
in doses of a grain repeated at 2 hour intervals it is 
good in jaundice and liver troubles. Its chief use 



THB QBEn'LEHAM'u DOO. 53 

in dog practice is for the removal of worms in con- 
nection with B&ntoDiii. 

Cabtok Oil — too well known aa the safest and 
best laxative cathartic for doge and puppies — Table- 
spoon fal IS a fair dose. 

Aboh&tio SfRDP OF KuoBABB— is a splendid laxa- 
tive catliartic well enited for pnppice or dogs with 
iodigestion and bloody diarrhteal paeeagee. Dose 
teaspooaful. 

SuLFBATB OF QuiMiKE— is iiBsd for cliills and oou- 
gestione, colde, dlstennper &a. Dose 5' to 10 grains 
— as a tonic 1 or 2 grains a daj. 

Aksbnio — Arsenious Acid. Powerful poison — 
Fine alterative in skin diseaeee, splendid tonic, good 
blood remedy (Dose -^to-^oi a grain. Average 
doae l-30tii grain after meuls 3 times a day.) The 
dog is an exception and will take -J of a grain three 
times a day to advantage. 

Ieok— A splendid tonic and astringent, both in- 
ternally and externally. Dried sulphate of iron 
(copperas) may be given in 1 grain doses. The tinet- 
nre of iron may be given in 3 to 5 drop doses well 
diluted in gam water or rice water. 



60 THB aKHTLEUA.M's DOO. 

SANTotriN — The great worm ezpeller. It ie made 
from the old time hoaeehold remedy known as worm 
seed ( chenopodiam) given in connection with an 
active cathartic it speedily clears oat the common 
ronnd worm. Dose — A dog may be given i to 1 
grain with a little calomel, or it may be given alone 
and followed with a dose of castor oil. 

SpiErre or NrrEE — Febrifnge. Dinretic (acting 
on kidneys.) May be given in dose of 10 to 30 
drops (half teaspoonful) well diluted every three 
hours. 

MAaNBSiDMSnLPH&TK — EpBom Saltfl — Thifl is the 
beat cooling cathartic that can be given a dog — Tea- 
spoonful in half glass of water. 

Cabbolic Acid — This is one of the coal tar prod- 
sots. It is a powerful antiseptic, deodorizer and 
germicide. It is a deadly poison and used entirely 
too often and too recklessly nnder the belief that it 
is harmless. It has its place in medicine— bnt we 
wish to caution against its immoderate or unneces- 
sary use. Solutions and ointments should not be of 
greater strength than 1 to 5 per cent, of carbolic acid. 

SfBYGHNiNE — PowerfuI poisou — splendid nerve 



THB OEMTI-BHAh's DOG, 61 

and mii8cnUr tonic. Slionld be need in minimnm 
doaefl and cautioiielyon doge. Wewonid not liketo 
give a full grown dogover-j^i^of agrainStimeBaday. 

Gltcerinr — Tliifl excellent household remedy ia 
good in fevers, colds and coughs and can be given 
in teaBpoonfn) doses. 

Sauctlatk of Sodidm — This is the great rheuma- 
tism medicine, and may be given in doses of 3 to 5 
grains 2 or 3 times a day. 

LiDDANUM — This is a liqnid form for administer- 
ing opium. The dose for tlie average full grown 
forty to sixty poand dog is 3 to 5 drops, eqnal to-^to 
^ grain of opium. 

CALoroM SuLPHiDB — A great anti-zymotic, germ- 
icide, and pus preventive. Dose for a dog I- to 1 
grain three times a day. 

AuTrKAMNiA Tablets — The ideal pain reliever, 
fever reducer and sedative — Dose one or two tab- 
lets and repeat in 2 or 3 liours if necessary. 

SoDruM Brouidk— Aiiotlier excellent mild seda~ 
tive. It relieves pain, fever and restlessness. Av- 
erage dose for adult dog 4 to 10 grains in solution 
or milk. 



02 THE QKHTLEMAN a DOO. 

Oil of Tab — Here is one of tlie best remedies io 
the do^ owner's wliole materia inedica. It acts on 
t)ie kidneys, is a good vfrmifn^e, liae antiseptic 
properties, and when nsed exteniully is good for 
sores, abraeiona &c., and a good flea killer and pre- 
' venter. Internally a few drops is a dose— say 2 to 
5. Externally it may be used in oil or ointment as 
Iiigh as 50 per cent, strength. 

Hydkogkn Pkkoxidk — For quickly cleansing and 
disinfecting purulent ulcers and soree of all pns. 
It can be diluted anywhere from 50 per cent., to the 
pure preparation and applied as a local wash to the 
diseased parts with sponge or absorbent cotton. 

loDOFOHu — is a splendid local antiseptic, germi- 
cide and protective to fresh sores or injuries and 
may be sprinkled on at liberty. Its odor is disa- 
greeable, but it is admirably adapted to keep fliee 
and vermin away, and in summer it is one of 
the best applications we know of for keeping flies 
away from sores on dogs. 

Cocaine Muriate. — This is a most valuable local 
application for relieving itching or pain of an acute 
kind. It should be used cautiously and moderately. 



■TBE OSHTLEMAN 8 DOO. 63 

Jnet d&nipen the puiuful siirfuce ouoe or twice witb 
a four per cent, solution, which jour druggist 
should prepare for yon. 

Oxide of Zinc. — Yon will find this a good dust- 
ing, drying and protective powder whicli may be need 
freely where an open sore simply needs a protec- 
tive powder. 

We liave said nothing about how to administer 
the drugs mentioned. It seems tliat most people 
who give advice on remedies assume that any- 
body can give medicine to a sick dog. This is 
abont like giving physic to yonr own child; and 
sympathy for the sick one too often bnngles the 
job. We have found dosing a sick dog a very dis- 
agreeable and unpleasant bnsiness usually. The 
chief thing to do is to make up your mind that yoo 
are going to give the dog hie medicine, determine 
how yon are going to make him take it, and then 
withont scolding, scuffling or worrying the dog, 
just give it to him. 

For liquids the beet way is to hold the dog's 
head Up witb your band under the cliin, pull one 
side of cheek out so as to make a funnel and pour 



6i THE QRNTLKMAN 8 DOG. 

tli6 medicine ont of a lone neck bottle slowly in, 
allowing him to swallow gradually. The dog should 
be madato sit down, and if not willing to snbtnit 
quietly, help mnst be had to hold him qnietly and 
firmly nntil he has swallowed rlie dose. It pays lo 
go about it rightly — saves (lie dog from fatigneand 
irritation, and ie quickly and properly done. 

When a dog is not serionsly sick and does not 
refuse all food, many drugs in pill form may be 
put in bits of beef and thrown at him to catch and 
swallow Always throw him one or two pieces 
without the pill to get hini to catching and swal- 
lowing withont enspiCLon, then let the piece with 
the pill go and lie will take it down withont any 
tronble. 

We d» not approve, however, of giving medicine 
to eick doge in any food or drink. It is generally 
discovered and they neither take the medicine 
when needed, nor their food for some time after- 
wards. It is best to face the ransic, get the dog in 
your power and give tlie remedy promptly and 
properly. 

When an injection is needed the dog's buttocks 



THE QKNTLEHAn's DOd. 65 

Bliould be elevated, an aesietant slionld hold him, 
and the fiiiid injected quietly and in eiifticteiit 
qnantity from a foantain syringe, or a common one 
if necessary. 



Dtanhna. 



WSSjfi HE digestive sj'stem of the dog is liable to 
^^ the same deraugemeiits as tlio human sabject, 
and consequently diarrhoea especially is not aii 
iiiiconiinon affection and usually is easily managed, 
hut now and then it becomes a matter of serious 
moment. 

It must be borne in mind that many causes can 
be found for the production of this trouble and 
that it is a very valuable point to discover the 
cause, for frequently a removal of the same will 
allow the dog to get well. Such is not always the 
case, however, and the dog will require certain 
medication to restore him to health. We have 



THK obntlumah's uoo. 67 

found tlie cliief caiiees to be diiu to worms, (in pap- 
pies especially) overfeeding on raw meat, or too 
long coutiimance on a common diet, and cold from 
dampness of bedding or inenfGcient bousing. From 
lung oliservation we are convinced that in the 
grown dog we have entirely too mnch diarrlKea 
and dysentery from want of dry, warm and proper- 
ly vuntilated sleeping qnarters. For seven or eiglit 
months in tlie year the do^ needs a comfortable 
"living room," lionse or bedroom as yon choose to 
designate the place he looks upon as "hfs room." 
When he comes in tired and warm he should not 
be compelled to sleep undir the steps, or in the 
woodshed, nor down in the barn where cold drafts 
of whid may strike him when he curls up for an 
hour's rest. He should know jnst where he can 
find a qniet, protected, sweet- smelling bed to rest 
on Hnd to which he can retnni for the night's rest. 
The dog that comes home chilled from exposure 
to cold rain, aTid consequently with resisting powers 
lowered fri)m fatigue, needs jitsi such a place as we 
have described, it should be roomy enough to 
allow him to wallow on some dry hay, tags or leaves 



68 THK GEHTLKHAN B DOO. 

and theD to find a dry place to sleep npoo. To 
provide ench qnartera requires a little time and 
trouble and a dollar or two; but isn't a decent, faith- 
ful friend and loving companion worth tliis much? 

Diarrhoeas need different lines of treatment in 
accordance with the actual disturbed conditions of 
the alimentarj tract. Some diarrhoeas are eatutarj 
and are relieving the dog of mutters that should be 
expelled, hence it would be bad practice to sudden- 
ly check up such cases with astringents and opiates. 
If the dog is in good condition otherwise, it wonid 
)>e well to moderate his diet for a day or two — let 
liitn keep reasonably qniet, and feed him On a little 
well cooked rice with a little boiied milk. An 
ounce of pulverized gum arabic. may be dissolved 
in a quart of water, whicli should be used for his 
drinking water. 

If this doesn't relieve him and there is a tendency 
for the paesages to become more watery and fre- 
quent, a tablespoonful of castor oil and a teaspoon- 
ful of paregoric should be given and if necessary 
repeated in eight or len hours. In place of the 
above a teaEpoonful of the aromatic syrnp of 



THB OBMTLEMAN 8 DOG. bV 

rhubarb two or three timeB a day will be found 
very effective. It may be necessary to add 10 or 15 
drops of laudanum or a teaspooiiful of paregoric, if 
the rhubarb alone is ineffective. This is aboat all 
required for the ordinary case of diarrhoea due to 
indigestion or cold. The diet should be bland and 
simple, coueistiug uf boiled rice, boiled milk thick- 
ened with wheat Hour, stale biscuit crntnbled in 
milk, or a little beef broth well thickened. The 
dog should be kept warm and comfortable and his 
drink limited to gum arabic or slippery elm water. 
In puppies where worms are the cause they 
should be treated for worms — according to direc- 
tions under that liead elsewhere in this volume. 



DjrBsatery. 

Dtsentkky, while somewhat akin to diarrhoea, 
must he treated differently, as tliey are by no means 
the same affections nor do they arise from the 
same causes altogether. Cases of diarrhoea very 
often end up in dysentery, but this is as a result of 
neglected treatment of the first disease. 

Usually dysentery In the dog is due to direct 



10 



THE OENTLEHAN 8 DOO. 



cold or ciiilling wliich either congests the boweU or 
affects llie liver in adi^ance of the attack. This 
being the case, it ie almost always gnod practice to 
commence by nsing a mild catharlic with some 
gentle mercurial to stimulate the liver and clean 
ont offending material from the bowoU. 

In tills trouble the dog is likely to have coneider- 
ahle thirst, loss of appetite and frequent strainings of 
mucns and blood in small quantities. This condi- 
tion is palnfnl and soon prostrates a dog onlese he 
is promptly and properly treated. He should be 
confined and made to keep quiet in some vacant 
room or cioae lot; his drinking water should be cut 
down to Bonie extent and his diet confined to about 
what we have outlined for diarrhoea. 

It is our cnstom to give at first a dose of castor 
oil and if it relieves the straining we wait awhile 
and see wliat rest, wannth, and dieting will do. If 
the trouble seems to be unrelieved in 24 hours, we 
would give the following: 

Calomel, 2 grains. 
Opium, 1 grain. 

Make four pills. Give one every hour. 



tSb obhtleh&n b u 



?1 



If the dog is in mncli pain or eeems iinnBually 
feverigh or thiraty, in place of the above tlie follow- 
ing ia better: 

Epsom Salts 1 Tableepoonfnl. 

Pnlv. Gum Arabic 1 " 

JParegoric 1 " 

Water 8 " 

Mix well together and shake, and give one talile- 
epoonfiil everj hour or two until relieved. 

If the bloody straining is very severe and increas- 
ing after nse of above remedies, the dog shuuld 
have a rectal injection of laudanum and starch, jnat 
as we administer to the human snbject. Make a 
thick starch and to a small syringefnl add 20 or 30 
drops of laudannm and slowly inject same, having 
the dog's hind parts elevated, and hold rectum to- 
gether for a little while to retain the mixture. In 
any of these abdominal troubles when the dog 
becomes weakened from the disease and pain, it is 
good practice to give him a raw egg now and then, 
and even better to give him a few teaspoonfule of 
good whiskey in egg or milk punch. It not only 
nourishes and sustains him, but greatly relieves the 



p-AUi from inflammation aud gaseous disteneion of 

the intestines. 



mmtmtajfx. 

Diis is unfortunately a ver; BerioQe disease and 
wiiile it may be in many tnGtanoes easily cured with- 
in a weeli or two, it is one of the most obstinate 
and daiigerons diseases with serious sequelae wlien 
neglected or improperly treated. 

The Symptoms of distemper are a general dull- 
ness especially ahont the eyes, loss of appetite, no 
disposition to be playfni. Bog looks miserable and 
dejected and within a few days is taken with a ca- 
tarrlial sneezing cough. The disease is in effect an 
almost perfect counterpart of epidemic influenza or 
La Grippe in the liuman subject and if treated 
witli this idea in view from its inception can fre- 
quently be aborted within the first week. The gen- 
eral muscular soreness, aching in limbs, feverish- 
nefs, pains and marked debility and depression all 
remind lis of a typical case of Grippal influenza. 

Tiie chief indications to be met are to open the 
bowels with a gentle laxative — one or two teaspoon- 



THE QENTLEKAN 8 DOQ. 



1Z 



fob of castor oil is the beet; to reduce fever and 
allay congeetioi: and pain — a pill of 2 grainB of an- 
tikamnia, one grain of quinine and f grain of pulv. 
capsicum given 3 times a daj* (or one antikamnia 
and quinine tablet) will hold him in a very comfort- 
able shape; and lastly to sustain his strength, which 
may be done by putting him in warm, quiet quar- 
ters, keeping him free from excitement or annoy- 
ance and feeding on light, relishable uutrient. A 
pan of beef broth, a saucer of warm milk or cool 
milk if he is very feverish will be relished. Mush 
and milk or grit» and milk make an excellent diet 
for him. He should have an abundance of fresh 
water, and be allowed to take moderate exercise of 
his own accord in good weather. If he seems to 
be unusually depressed and failing, it is advisable to 
give him a teaspoonful of some good oil emulsion 
or codliver oil 3 times a day. Added to this, if 
necessary for great weakness we would give a little 
cream toddy or eggnog several times a day and, if 
still showing symptoms of serious depression, we 
would suggest 4^ to 2 drops of tincture of nux 
vomica S times a day 



74 THB GBNTLBMAs's DOG. 

Where the head BymptoniB are severe and the 
noatrils are stopped up with mnctis or piiralent 
secrelione, mach relief will he afforded by wiping 
into each nostril or right across the nose a mixture 
consisting of olive oil, liquid albolene each 2 
drains (ISO grains) and mentliol IS grains. This 
will open the nostrils and encourage a discharge of 
the offensive secretions; and where cough is very 
troublesome and the respiration is embarrassed, 
there is much good to be derived from the use of 
Glyco-Heroin in teaspoonful doses 3 or 4 times a 
day. This excellent preparation is put up by the 
Martin H. Smith Co., of New York, who will ship 
it directly to you if your local druggist does not 
carry it in stock. Ic is known as "Grljeo- Heroin- 
Smith" and should be so specified when ordering it. 
It is almost always needed in this disease, and sel- 
dom fails to relieve. A few dropsof oil of tar rub- 
bed over the dog's nose or on his tongue clears res- 
piration and opens the head very well in some cases. 

A case taken early and treated sensibly should be 
well within a week or two instead of running on 
for months and ending in chorea or paralysis. 



Ttifc obntlemam's dog. 75 

To recapitulate, we 'nieh to impreee upon our 
readers tliat we have noted the striking resemblaoce 
of this disease to La Grippe in the human sabject 
and we have found furtlier that care and treatment 
of the dog under this point of view has given as 
the best resnlte. It is (he chronic caee of both difl- 
eaees that is the serious one and likely to be follow- 
ed hy paralysis, chorea or congestion of lungs end- 
ing in pneumonia or tuberculosis. 

We see cases of distemper of an acute character 
in the dog which are well, under vigorous treatment 
or by reason of extra constitntional vigor, in a week. 
We see cases of acute Grippe in the human subject 
that pass off in three days under a good purge, a 
hot muBtard foot balh, and ten grains of antikam- 
nia and quinine followed by a sweat, and twenty- 
four honre in bed. On the other hand we see the 
same disease drag on for weeks ending in death or 
permanent invalidism. These are the cases that tax 
the judgment and patience of prescriber and nurse. 

Therefore when your dog shows symptoms of this 
disease you should take his case in hand'seriously 
and not lose a moment in waiting to see if lie will 



76 THK GIMTLEHAn'r DOfl. 

not be better to-morrow. The disease is oae that 
strikes at bis ritals and proetrates bim speedily. 
Everything that wilt maintain bis powers should be 
tttilized. Bear in mind that tbe whole mncons 
membrane in tbe dog is in a state of conges- 
tion — that he is having catarrh of the bronchial 
tubes and their ramifioations in the lungs, tliat 
his breathing will be embarrassed and his blood 
consequently impaired and poisoned by reason of 
insutlicient aeration. He will have catarrh of stom- 
ach and his appetite and digestion will fail. Keep 
this before you and you will see how necessary it 
will be to make him perfectly comfortable in hie 
room. The temperature should be such as to avoid 
any cold draft or chill from moisture, the air should 
be pure and enough for liis need and hie bed should 
be clean, soft and free from humps, so that he rests 
without any effort to tind an easy lying-spot. 

In the inflammatory stage of this disease, which 
is the first three or four days, you will try to reduce 
fever and Iieadaeliu by slight laxatives and fever re- 
ducers that do not depress. We do not recommend 
aconite in distemper (or dog (rrippe), but prefer 



the milder and safer af;ente, such ae apte. nitre, cool 
sweet milk or antikamnia about lialf a tablet erery 
2 or 3 iionre. Within a few days after the coin- 
meii cement of the attack nnless it is aborted, you 
will obaer/e the iticroasing catarrhal progresB and 
the aecoinpanyingdeUility. The dog will be suEEer- 
ing from headaciie; hte w^ak eyes and hebetude 
will indicate thie. Kow yon need to stimulate his 
Bccretione, help htB breathing and hold up hie gen- 
eral strength. Here ia the place to use Glyco-Her- 
oiti-Smitb, as we have described ; thie will clear his 
bronchial tubes and help him bring up the clogging 
secretions. He will breathe deeply and his head 
will clear up. Now is also time to feed for pur- 
poses of keeping his powers up at this critical stage. 
His diet should be v«ry easily digested and of am- 
ple value as a blood builder. IE he will not volun- 
tarily take milk, broth, nor mush, yon must stimu- 
late him at regular intervals with milk toddy, egg- 
nog and beef broth, fed by way of the month in 
funnel faiiliion as we have described in giving li- 
quids. 

With care and right attention nearly all dogs 



78 THE QKNTLKHAh's DUO. 

Bhoiild be Baved — bat more of them die from neg- 
lect or treating by lialMianded metliude. 

Our friend, Pulk Miller, of tliia eitj, one of tlie 
best feliowB on eartli to day, and who knows more 
about dogs than any man in Virginia, gives eome 
excellent and timely advice on the sulijcut of 
distemper which we take the liberty of copying 
bodily from his little book "Dogs." Jn reference 
to the brain symptoms in this disease he says; 

"Every portion of the body of tlie dog in whicli 
there is a "iiiucons membrane" — and that's almost 
everywhere — is affected by this disease. But rhe 
head seems to be the part mostly affected. The 
dog doesn't seem to be able, as a man is, to 
"blow his nose" frequently, and thns get rid of the 
mncuB, nor can be take a pinch of snuff to loosen 
np the accumulation. It finds a lodgment there, 
and seems to produce fever, which finally goes to 
the brain. I do not despise the remedy which the 
the folks in the country used when 1 was a boy, for 
I have seen great clots of mucus eome from the 
nose of a dog which inhaled burnt tar and feathers. 
They shut the dog np in a close room, and made the 



THK RKNTLKMAN't) DOO. 79 

air siifliug with tlie odor, and after retnaiiiiiig in it 
for an hour, I have seen dogs come forth sneezing 
and sliugiiig mncuB for six feet arouDd. I have 
seen men do tlie eame thing after taking a pinch of 
srinff, and they felt bettor afterwards. Try it on 
your dog. . 

There is evidently inflammation of the brain in 
bad cases of distemper, and I've seen the most won- 
derful recoveries from llie use of a seton, which 
acted as a conn ter- irritant, and brought the inflam- 
mation to the surface. Tills is done as follows: 
Take up about an inch of the skin bf the dog jnst 
back of the base of the skull, on hie neck, and run 
a big needle (called a bodkin) straight tliroagh. 
Thread the bodkin witli some coarse twine, such as 
is used by grocers ( the coarser the better) pull it 
through, leaving about three to four inches of the 
twine on eilher side of the wound. Work it back 
and furth a few times, and then tie it and leave it 
i(]. Next day, and for several days, untie it, and 
saw back Mud forth through the wound, so as to pre- 
vent iie healing. Keep this up until the dog be- 
gins to show signs of recovery. This is a simple 



80 THB GBNTLKMSk's DOG. 

Mid ewy way of treating a dog, and there is 
little or no pain ahont it. Many a man's life has 
been saved in pneumonia by rlie blistering of liia 
chest, tn order to draw the inflammation from his 
lungs to the surface, and eince, on account of the 
hair of the dog, wti cannot applj a blister, (lie ee 
ton is the next best thing. 

One very important thinjif is not to allow the dis- 
ease to get too great a start ; but, as so<'n as yon 
snspect it, go to your nearest drng or sporting goode 
store and purchase a box of Sergeant's Condition 
Pills, which, acting ae a powerful tonic and altera- 
tive, will bnild lip his syslem to sueli an extent as to 
prevent the disease from makJTig any headway 
whatever," 



The syniptoma of this trouble are so well known 
that they hardly require mentioning. The victim 
of this annoying and loathsome disease is biting and 
scratching all the time nntil his skin is thoroughly in- 
flamed, red, pustulous and 8cai»by. The disease is due 
to parasitic infection and usually requires both loe^I 



THic uemtlbman's Duo. 81 

and internal treatment after it li:is become chronic. 

After thoruuglily cleansiiiji; the skin with some 
good carboiized soap or alkaline waab, the dog 
Bboiild be treated to an inunction of some one of 
the varioas specitie oil preparations or ointments 
containing some paraciticide. Tiie basis of all of 
the local applications fur the cure of scratches will 
be found to be sulphur, tar or carbolic acid held in 
oilj suspension. Sometimes one is taken, and fre 
quently all are used in one prescription. 

The great secret in the whole range of external 
remedies consists in getting them thoroughly ap- 
plied to the hide, which is not only difficult but 
disagreeable unless it is undertaken seriously and 
with a full determination to do it as it should be 
done. And next to this thorough application of 
the remedy in importance is the prevention of re- 
infection. 

Unless great care is taken to keep the dog quar- 
antined so that he cannot lounge and sleep abont 
promiBCuonsIy, you cannot destroy all of bis bed- 
ding and disinfect his quarters after he is well; and 
nn less this is done he will reinfect himself again 



82 THK GENTLEMAN B DOQ. 

&nd again and yon will finally conclude that ynn 
have an incurable case on your hands. Unless the 
treatment ie properly conducted in all of its details, 
this is one of the most nnmanageahle diseaEee we 
ever encoonlered; and where it is properly handled 
it is always easily cured. 

One of the best English setters we ever owned 
was ruined by ihis lialf-handed treatment in thu 
beginning. He had an unusoal coat of very long 
hair and we empli>yed what we supposed was a 
good, responsible negro man to give liim his pre- 
paratory Bcrnbbingand to follow with tlieinnnction. 
We left the matter to bim for the tirst week or ten 
days, when to onr horror we found the dog snfEer- 
ing from blood poisoning from absorption of pns 
from the numerous nlcere and abscesses concealed 
under liis malted and half washed hair But for 
onr great affection for the poor beast we would 
have humanely ended his life. As it was, after six 
months of the most intense snSering on his part 
and the moat troublesome attention on onr part, he 
eame out of the disease with the loss of every hair 
on him, and ns deaf as a post. The pour dog seem 



THB QENTLKHAn's DOG. 83 

ed to be conecione of his j^reat affliction, and uvoided 
Lie friende and former acqnaintauceB, staying in his 
kennel moat of tlie time and linally wandered away 
one day and never retnrned. We firmly believe 
lie died of grief over liis linmiliating affliction. We 
give tliis as an example of what may happen from 
half-way treating some nniiBual cases of this very 
contagious and loathsome disease when it fi?st 
makes its appearance — the very time to put in yonr 
best efforts. 

Coming to the treatment proper we wonid advise, 
except in very cold weather, that all long haired 
doge should be clipped, eo that their skins can be 
well washed and medicated ointments or oils easily 
applied to the entire enrface. We do not say this 
is absolutely necessary, but it saves a deal of labor 
and insures correct treatment and earlier cure. It 
favors against the dog's reinfecting himself from 
concealed secretions under matted hair. 

After catting the hair if you conclude do so, 
then give the dog a good cleansing bath, with the 
chill slightly taken off, of carbolized soapsuds or 
caetile soap with a taUespoonfuI of creolin in the 



84 THE OBHTLBHUl'e DOO. 

wuter. Knb him well, iu fact, ecrab bim clean. 
When be hu been thoronghly dried ^ or rnbbed 
dry then apply either of the following preparations 
to every portion of hia body except hia eyea — with 
the haude jnet i;o over the dog working it into 
every inch of bts akin. 

Yltn can select from the following — they are all 
gojx] — the main thing is to nse them faithfully, and 
eo as to hit the spot : 

Dr. Hall in his treatise gives this: 
Sulphur Sublimed 8 ozs. 
Whale Oil 8 ozs. 

Oil of Tar J oz. 

Mix thoroughly. 

Folk Miller, whom we have already iotrodnced, 
gives the following: 

"Take qnarter-ponnd each of tar and snlphur 
and one pound of vaseline. Mix them thoroughly 
(first the tar and vaseline) and add to the mix- 
tnre a half ounce of pure carbolic acid. After 
thoroughly greasing the dog with it— once in two 
daja -vaeh him off well with warm waler and 
Boap. When dry apply an ointment as before. 



THK ORHTLRHAM*e DOG. 85 

Two or three applicatioiie geoerally cure, bnt it may 
be necessary to make as many more." 

We have derived most excellent results from the 
following prescriptions xiven ne by oar friend, Dr. 
Oha*. H. Epps, T. S., of this city : 
Snlphur 4 ounces. 

Pot. Bicarb | onnce. 
Petrolatum 6 ounces. 
Work into an ointment and apply as directed. 
Another good one : 
Fish Oil 1 qt. 

Snlphur 1 Ih. 

01 Tar 4 ounces. 

01 Turpentine 2 ounces. 
Mix. 

In chronic eases where tim blood needs alterative 
remedies he prefers the following: 
Fowler's Solution of Arsenic. 
Give 2 drops first day and increase 2 drops every 
day until yon get to 20, then decrease 2 a day until 
yon get back to 2 drops. 



TBB OENTLEMAN B DOG). 



The mao who knows how to saccesafullj treat 
Distemper, Scratches and Worms in his dogs is pre- 
pared to meet foar-fifths of the troobles that he 
will encounter. Those are the three bngbears of 
the canine practitioner or dog owner. For this 
reason we have devoted unusual space to the fore- 
going anbjects and now we eliatl try to sliow the 
important part played by these intestinal parasites 
in producing a multitude of ills in the puppy and 
grown dog alike. 

All dogs under certain conditions are liable to be 
infested by this curse, and especially the puppy. 
Their presence is reeponsibie for Sctilioas appetite, 
loss of strength and animation, dead and lusterless 
coais, chronic diarrhoeas, fits, chorea, weakness of 
loins and irregular gait. 

Dogs fed on infected, decomposing refnse foods 
■re more likely to eat the eggs or ova producing 
these worms, and sncli dogs with impaired digestion 
and foul contents in stomach and intestinal tract 
are more likely to develop and mature these worms. 



THE OENTLSMAk's DOG. 87 

Goiisequeiitly a do^ witli worms neceeearil; has 
feeble digtistioii on the one hand and on the other 
is mnch more likely to develop the ova when in- 
trodnced into his digestive tract. It Je obvious 
therefore that as a preventive of worms there is 
nothing better than attention to the proper diet. 

Now when yon Bee yonr puppy on a decline, with 
ocnibby hair and a miserable little diarrhoea, yon 
may snspiciou worms. If he has a fit now and 
then along with these symptoms, you may be still 
more certain. Your older dog is not as likely to 
have fits nor diarrhoea, but Le may have both along 
with his bleared eyes, voracious appetite, rough 
coat, and loss of flcbh. Of course, if you iiotico 
worms in hie defecations, it is positive proof of his 
. infection. Nevertheless, the general symptoms 
will be enough to warrant tlie assumption that your 
dog is "wormy." 

Like many other troublt-s, human »rid canine, in 
ttiis case the diagnosis (ascertaining what disease is 
present) is of more iuipurtaiice thsii the treatment, 
for this can be made effectivo quite easily with (lie 
proper remedies. Yuu oau buy a number of pre- 



88 THR OENTLKMAW B DTKi. 

paratione under varions DameB for expelling wormf, 
and most of tliein are good, and if directione are 
followed will relieve tlie dog of hie internal enemies. 
Bnt all of tliem depend npon one ingredient viz: 
Santonin, the active principle of worinsfled. 

Yon can get from yovt drnggist a few grain* or 
tablets of Santonin, give tlie proper dose to yonr 
dog— say lialf grain to grain and a half, according 
to age and size, and in three hours foilow witli a 
good purge of castor oil. Some prescribers prefer 
to give santonin and oil together, l>nt we prefer 
giving the vermicide an hour or two aliead to kill 
the worms before sweeping them ont with the oil. 

Tliis U all there is to worm expelling, in a nnt 
shell, and if you have not so and 6o'& remedy at 
hand, ;on will do jnst as well with what we have 
given yon. 



KhvuB fttlaBK. 



Many people forget that the dog is especially 
prone to rlicnmatism and gouty affections, particular- 
ly the well fed, middle aged, city dog. These ani- 
mals by reason of insufficient exercise, rich food 



TbK ormtlbman'b TtOO. 89 

iind poor elimination, accamulate morbid products 
in the blood rapidly and develop all phases of 
rheumatic troubles. Unlike some doge who have a 
bapp; balance of exercise with sensible food, they 
are not in shape to throw o£E waste products and 
consequently goffer the penalty of having indulgent 
masters who believe in coddling and feeding. 

But indolence and overfeeding are not the sole 
causes of riienmatisni in the dog. A hard day's 
hunt, a full meal of meat, and a good night's chill- 
ing will do the work just as well. After a day of 
hard work late in the chill November days when 
your dog drags himself up to the porch and flops 
himself down for relief from his severe fatigue, ho 
needs more attention than you would if you did 
such a foolish thing. In thirty minutes he will be 
fast asleep and chilled to the marrow. Bis blood 
will be driven in upon the vital organs and he will 
have congestion of the lungs, kidneys and liver. 
It may not proceed far enough to bring on serious 
consequences to those origans themselves, but it will 
interfere with all of their functions and leave the 
dog's muscles and blood charged with the poison 



90 THK GKNTLKMAN^S DOG. 

tbat producer rheumatism and mnecular soreneee. 

Tlifl prevention of rheumatiatu Is better tlian its 
cure. In the first place do not ataff jour dug with 
too much meat, but feed him on a generous mixed 
diet, eepecialiy enough corn pone, grits or shorts to 
keep hia bowels in a boaltb}' condition, then protect 
liim horn cold and daiiipnesB when he is exliausted 
from hard work. In fact, as we have stated else- 
wliere, a dog when in repose should be comfortable 
and protected from cold and wet. 

When he comes in after your day's hunt, you 
shonld ^ive him a pan of water if he is thirsty, 
then a bowl of sweet milk, a bit or two of bread and 
allow liim to lie down eitiier in a comfortable close 
kennel or with a cuverlel over Lini if on the porch. 
After two hours rtst you can give him a full, nu- 
tritious supper, and you will find him all i-ight next 
morning for another glorious day afi<:]d. 

If you have been so unfortunate as to allow your 
dog t() c<intract this painful affection, then he must 
be treated and carelnlly housed. His diet should 
be lessened In quantity atid changed in quality. 
Milk, buttermilk, tnush, ''pot liquor" and cooked 



tHtc GKI«TLKMA^'8 DOO. 91 

greens are ^ood. A light purge of ruehellt) ealU, 
or cream of tartar every otLer day for a few days 
will help Iiiin. The great remedy for this trouble, 
fur direct antidoting and reriioviiig pain and the 
cause of it, is iiaually salicylic acid in EOine com- 
bination such as salicylate of sodium. This may be 
given ill five grain doses tiiree tiineeaday until 
the dog is relieved. 

What we greatly prefer however, both for con- 
Tenience of adiniiiistratioii and universal relief, is 
Antikamuia and Salol. This maybe iiad in a sin- 
gle tablet, and one may be given two or three times 
a day, which will afford speedy relief. 



St. Vltns* Dascs. ( Ctaorwi). 

The dog, like his human friends, is subject to 
many nervous troubles and none more disabling to 
himself nor painful to his master than Chorea. 
This is a troublesome affection to get at by reason 
of its obscure origin. In one so sensitive as the 
dog, it may result fmrn many very different caueee, 
co[ise(jueiitly it is one of those difficult diseases to 



9d 



THE OBNTLRHAN 8 DOQ. 



find the partioQlar dietarbing or exciting canee. 

In a few caeee we have been able to trace this 
trouble to wortne, hut the cause is usually of a far 
graver nature and not amenable to succeBfiful treat- 
ment 

The majority of cases are simplj- the end results 
of graver antecedent diseases, notably and princi- 
pally distemper. We liave *een more capes follow- 
ing distemper than from all other causes. Wheth- 
er chorea is partial or general its teat is always in 
the central uervoue system {the brain or spinal eol- 
nmn) and as long as the brain or spinal cord is con- 
gested or pressed upon, or irritated from nervous 
impnlsee sent back tlirougli the nerves of sensation 
in skin, muscle or digestive system, we will have 
these irregular jerky musonlar movements. 

Now we have tried to make the matter plain to 
our readers huw this affection is kept up, and we 
trust they will be able to treat tlieir dogs, under- 
standiiigly. While most authorities hold out very 
little hope of cure of a clioreic dog, It is by no 
means a reason why we should not analyze each case 
and make an effort along sensible lines. A fair 



1'Hk ountlkman b uoo. wo 

□amber Lave been cured, many more might be if 
the proper ideas were folluned ont. The main re- 
liance has been in strychnine in small doses which 
has failed uftener than it has broQji^ht relief. 

Looking upon this discaee in the true light we 
find that congestion of the spine will produce it; 
that morbid pressure from inflammatory deposits 
will do it, and that irritation reflected to brain or 
spine will do it. 

Now it ia advisable to give strychnine a fair trial 
for a month. If this fails and the case is one that 
hae followed distemper we would assume that there 
was chronic irritation, congestion or deposits in 
brain or cord and would discontinue strychnine and 
give an absorbent such as iodide of potassium. A 
most excellent prescription wonld be : 

Iodide of Potassium, One dram. 
Fluid Extract Ergot, " " 
Syrup Wild Cherry, 4 ounces, 
(jive tuaspoonful morning and evening. 

Usually the dog will be benefited by a little irri- 
tating liniment rubbed down the spine, not enough 
to blister, bat to warm things up a little. There is 



94 THB gkntlkman'b imo. 

iiotliitit! bettur than capeicnni vaseline. It rnuy lie 
huuglit ill little tiibcB for ten cents from yimr driig- 

glBt. 

We liuve found very mild descending galvunic 
ciirrcTitH to do mncli good in a few c;iee8, bat on llie 
wbol<j treatment i» nut a.a i-atidfiK^tiirj' n6 it Hliuul<i 
be, but enongh caaee are curable to warrant tlie 
trouble witli a valuable dog. 



CoKvatetonB or Fits. 

Fits in pnppios generally ariee from worms, con- 
stipation, or over feeding with meat. Remove the 
cause and usnally tlie pnppy is all right. In older 
dogs we find a somewbat different condition, for 
they seem to partake of epileptic seizuree, and iien- 
ally follow from constipation or over exertion and 
excitement. 

For such doge we would ailviee a laxative diet. 
moderate exercise and a lirain and nervous sedative. 
We know of notbing better than the following: 

Bromide of Sodinni, ^ ounce. 

Fluid Extract of Ergot, 2 draiiip. 



THK (JKKTr.KMAN'tl nno. 95 

Sj'rnp Acacia, 1 onuce. 

Distilled water, 3 onncca. 

Give icaripoon ful twice a dny. 

If the (log \b poorly nourished and not ettong, in- 
stead of Ihe above wewmild give the following pill 
morning and evening for a week or two at a time: 

Siilphnte of Iron, , 10 grains. 

Extract Nux Vomica, 4 grains. 

Extract Taraxacnm, 30 grains. 
Make into 30 pills. 

Sljonld you prefer a liquid instead of ttiia pill 
your drnggist can prepare this for you : 

Diatysed Iron, ^ ounce. 

Tincture Nux Vomica. 1 dram. 

Fid. Ext. Taraxacum, 2 ounces. 

Syr. Simple, 2 " 

Mix atid give dog teaspoonfiil 3 times a day. 



Tliere is no greater pest nor one least suspected 
tliim lice on dogs. As a general rule one ia not apt 
to think of a dog having Mce on liim. Someiiow it 



06 THK OKMTLRHAN'd DOO. 

ie noiisnal to see a do^ owner wlio enBi>icionB lice 
when he finds hie dog annojud with an intractable 
itciiing and an irritahle ekln. He may think 
of flexB, eczema, orficratehes, but seldom cloael; ex- 
amiiiee his -log for those dreadful pests. 

The greatest surprise we ever had was in a case 
of a beautiful setter wliich seemed to go ahnost 
wild from an acute erythema. We regulated his 
digestion, and bathed him in soothing lotions, hut 
no relief. Finally we took a strong glass and ex- 
amined the skin closely at the roots of the liairs, 
when we found hiin simply alive with millions of 
the smallest lice. 

Quick work can be made of these invaders with 
the following; 

Kerosene oil, 3 ounces. 

Liquid Alboleno, 4 ounces. 

Spirits Turpentine, 1 ounce. 
Mix — Rub well into dog's hide and wash wilh a 
good soap ends next day. 

Polk Miller gives the following: 

Kerosene oil, 1 pint. 

Melted lard, J " 



THR OKNTLKHAN H DOO. 



Spirits Turpentine, | gilt. 
Mix and apply as above. 



Tlie dog IB Bobject to colds and pulmonary and 
broricliial congh, acnte and olironic. 

Tlie best line of treatment ie to make the dog 
warm and comfortuble, regulate liis bowelp, and 
^ive him a stimulating and aootliing mixture. The 
cod liver oil emulBione are excellent, raw eggs are 
good, but the very beat remedy for tliie entire state 
of affaire is Glyco Ileroin-Sitiitli. Teaspoonfnl three 
-or four times a day. 



THE W(»UltI>BI> DOe. 

^^^ LL dog owners and do^ lovers bIiouM be pre- 
^^^ pared to treat sudden injuries and woiirde to 
which the.dog may be exposed. It is the unexpect- 
ed that happens, and it nsiially happens when yon 
are away from help and dependent upon yourself. 

It ie unpardonable in anyone to allow a dog to 
die from loss of blood from an open wound or 
severed artery, or for a broken leg to be aUowed to 
swing and grind its fragments until ibe poor dog 
can drag iiself home. These things have ooenrred 
and may occnr again wiih aiiyime who does not 
infonri himself and is not prepared to meet the con- 
ditions. 

The usual lacerated or iticised wounds are accom. 



'I'HK GKMTLKHAN e UOO. UU 

pHiiied wit1i eitiier capillar^- or iiiterial Iieinorrliage. 
W\wrtf no artery is cnt, wo have eimpl^ oo^tiug 
(ca,pi]lary liemoi-rliage). In eiicli cases ail tliat is 
necessary is to cleanse the wound with simple water, 
no soaps nor carbolic acid, and dust on a Utile iodo- 
form for ordinary abraded wounds. 

If tiie wound is deeper and fjaping, it should be 
lirought togetiier with a coinpi-oss and bandage, or 
by means of a stitch or two, and tbts iodoform or 
otlier antiseptic dressing powder sprinkled over all, 
not inside before drawing togethtr, as we would on 
an ordinary abraded or surface wound tiiat must 
Ileal gradnalh by granulation. Bear this in mind 
for deeply cut or lacerated wounds that are brought 
together must not have any drug, chemical or 
piiwder left inside after closing. 

We wish to call yonr attention here to another 
one of the popular crazes which we hope yon will 
not fall into. It is t!ie eternal cry about germs, 
aiinseptics, blood poison and the like. It is fashion- 
alile nowadays to tight unseen germs, and liie poor 
child and his playmate, the dog, are both to be 
pitied when tliey fall into the hands of the germ 



7!530C>3 



100 THE QKNTLEMAM*8 DOG. 

crazy faddiBt, whetlier lie be a fool doctor or an 
excitable layman. , 

No poison applied to any wonrid facilitateB its 
healing, and if used t^o freely, retards and prevents 
it. Most of tbe germicides and antiseptics are 
poisonous and are nsed fo kill something, and while 
they are killing the imaginary germs they may kill 
the healing processes or the dogl 

We do not discourage sanitary antisepsis in its 
proper application, hut used foolishly and In the 
wrong place, so-called antiseptics have done a world 
of harm. Your dog is sure to lick his wounds, and 
nature intended that he should, bnt it never intend- 
ed that he shonld lick carbolic acid, corrosive sub- 
limate nor formaldehyde. 

Mr. LawBOM Tait, the most celebrated and success- 
ful surgeon that England ever produced, wrote us 
a little before his death that in his hundreds of 
successful abdominal operalione he never nsed any- 
thing about the patient but plain water from tlie 
hydrant tap. No man in this country or Europe 
h:is ever equalled Tail's aucesses. We introduce 



TBE QSNTLEMAN'a DOO. lOl 

this to aaeure 70U that yoa need not poison yunr 
dog in trying to cure liim ! 

But we will get back to the subject of hemorrhage. 
If the wonnd has been deep and an artery lias been 
divided, Lemurrhage will be rapid and abundant. 
No time is to be lost. The blood will come out in 
a stream in spurts, unless Ihe end of the artery is 
obstructed by overlapping flesh, and then it will 
come out as a flow— a rapid, numlng stream. 

This kind of bleeding inay be controlled in 
several ways. If it ia a small artery and over a 
bony surface, it njay he controlled by pressure 
between the open wound and the heart; just press 
here and there until the flow is checked. Cold 
applications and pressure with lint or cotton on the 
wound itself will help. Most of the arteries in the 
legs are found on the inner sides of the legs, this is 
the place to apply pressure. This is only safe for 
email arteries. 

A better way is to have a small pair of rattooth 
forceps and Cry to see the spouting place aii<l seize 
it and twist it around once or twice. This is called 
torsion, and will quickly arrest a dangerous hemor- 



102 THE aBNTI.KMAN's DM. 

rliage. Another iiiofit excellent way ie to have a 
curved needle (ancli as eurgeone ubc) witli a well 
waxed silk thread, and aponge or mop out the wound 
until you see exactly the spot from which the blood 
ie spouting, and then iiiBert t)ie point to one side of 
the artery, carry it under for J inch and bring it 
out on opposite side and tie tiglitty acroes the month 
of the bleeding vessel. This will arrest any hem- 
orrhage. Cut one end of string short and let the 
other hang out of the wound. After bleeding has 
been stopped uud clota and other foreign matter 
liave been cleaned away, bring the edges of the 
wound together and take a few stitches with tiie 
same curved nee<ile and stout silk thread. Tie the 
} stitches only moderately tight to allow for swelling, 
which would cause them to cut out, if very tight. 

The dressing over all should be simply dusting 
with iodoform, aristol, baby powder or soot from the 
chimney. Tyret's Antiseptic Powder, made by 
our friend, J. S. Tyree, Washington, D. C, is the 
best thing you could get. 

Yon may fix your dog up all right and yet make 
a fniUire of his case by neglecting to provide a place 



tMk ckntlkman's dog. 103 

wli«re lie can l>e ktpt quiet and free from disturb- 
ance by tbe other doge, horses or cattle about the 
preitiUea. A aick dog or a wounded dog doesu't 
waiit to be played with or aiitio^-ed by other dogs 
miJDiiig over liim and jumpiug around liim. Unless 
lio is in a. good, aufe rootn, lje is in constant dread 
and ai^preheiieion of being walked over when unable 
to get about. Su let ua beg you not to leave a 
wounded dog to shuffle for himself after you have 
dressed his injury, lie needs your help more then 
than ever. 

Ill addition to wounds, the dog is liable to fractures 
and dislocations, which need prompt attention also 
A broken leg should not condemn a dog to a life of 
uselessness nor to ue shot because it is troublesome 
tw get him well. If your dog breaks his leg while 
away from home, just tnke him in a vehicle or on a 
stretcher and bring him home, after straighteniKg 
the liiob and wrapping a few turns of a broad 
handkerchief around it to keep it in place. 

The novice must not think that no one but a 
professional man can properly adjusta broken hone. 
He may not do it as well as a veterinarian, but he 



104 THK OENTLEHAN S IX>0. 

can do it well eoougb to make liis dog comfortable 
and bring about a 8)t tie f actor jr cure with a perfectly 
useful leg. 

All fractures require three tliiiinB for Bneceeaful 
unior, viz: replacement of the fragments, retaining 
them in position, and non-use of same nntil the 
cailns or ferrule of organized plasma has been 
thrown around the broken ends and solidified. 

It is useless to attempt to cure a broken leg atid 
allow your dog to flop around and sleep on the 
porch floor or under the etepe. Just what we have 
said about giving the wounded dog a safe, quiet 
place to stay in during hie con valeecetice applies 
even more forcibly to the dog with a. broken leg. 
Indeed, many cases of fractnre in the Bmaller ani- 
mals only require that the animal elioald be so con- 
fined as to prevent it from attempting to travel 
ftbout. 

The animal usually has no desire to move about 
with a liroken limb, and wlieii he is confined to 
restricted quarters and sees that he cannot get away 
he will not attempt motion in such narrow limits. 

Usually it is only necessary to pull the limb 



tMe gentleman's dog. lOS 

straight in email dogs, make a few turne of tbick 
felt cloth or canton flannel three or fonr inches 
wide aronnd the broken ends; secure with safety pins 
or stitches, and confine the dog to limited qnarters. 
This bandage must not be tight enough to produce 
congestion or swelling in the foot, but just enough 
to act as a mild support. The majority of fractures 
will be cured without deformity by this simple 
procedure. Where the dog is a large, heavy animal 
it is necessary (o use more substantial means of 
retaining big bones in place. 

There are many expedients for doing this, but all 
depend npon using some adaptable device or mate- 
rial that can be moulded or fitted to the limb. Wo 
must straighten the leg to the length of the corres- 
ponding one, and then protect bony parts from 
preeenre of retaining splint by linen compresses or 
other suitable padding. Now we can mould over 
this a suitable retaining support from sole leather, 
gutta percha, binder's board, starch bandage or 
plaster of paris. Probably the simplest for the 
country maTi, away from the conveniences of the 
city, is leather or pasteboard splint. This can be 



106 TKK GICNTLEMAnV DUO. 

softenecl and broiiglit snugly around tlie limb for 
an inch or two above and below the fracture. It 
can encircle the leg ae a whole piece or be more 
elaboralely made in two pieces. Some turns of a 
common bandage wit4 bold it togetlier or it maj' be 
perforated and tied nicelj' with eboe laces or cord. 
Remember, you must not squeeze the dog's leg, but 
allow a littlfi room f<>r Girculati<in. If the dug per- 
sists ill getting up and moving around, it will be 
well to put a little barness or jacket around bis 
ebdulders ai>d attach the bandage or retaining ap- 
paratus from its nppttr margin to prevent itd slip- 
ping down too far, and in this manner }'on can 
retain a loosely fitting splint in place. 

Where the thigh bone is broken, it will be 
necessary to use more care and a broad splint mould- 
ed toeinbrace the whole leg. We would recommend 
the accurate moulding of a piece of leather or 
gutta percha from the dog's foot all along Ibe an- 
terior face of the leg above the seat of fracture, 
good padding and the whole lield up against this 
splint by ample bandage and tight enough to hold 
rather well. In experienced h;inds, we would rec 



taa OkHTLfcH&ti B DOO. 



10? 



ommend a liglit plaster east for ttie whole lirab. 

The time required for the union of these bones 
varies from a week to three weeks, aocordinK to age 
aod condition of the animal. As eooD as a hard 
ealargeinent is observed around the ends of the 
bones, the retaining apparatus may be removed, 
but the dog should only be allowed moderate ex- 
ercise for a week or two longer. 



••POIRTSMS." 

H|^ HE WHISTLE.— While it is proper to trail) 
^^ yonrdogtoobeyj'uiirepukencotnmaiide, itiea 
iimlter of importance to train liim always to come to 
your whistle. In lliis way be can be giade to hear 
at a far greater distance than he wonid bear tlie 
voice and it would be no strain to you to sound the 
whistle. You should use the little sbrill metal or 
hard rubber pocket wliistle. 

When a dog has been (rained to come to tbe 
wliistle he will return to liis master upon hearing it 
more promptly than from any oilier call. 

RicTBiEvma From Watkr— Every dog should be 
encouraged to be fond of taking water, playing in 
it and retrieving from it. Frequently it will liappeu 



THK OKNTI.KMAH 8 DOO. 109 

tliat game will fall into a river (ir lake wliere tb« 
dog is the only one to get it. If yonr dog has been 
made fond of water by throwing sticks in and hav- 
ing him swim about after them and bringing them 
out to yon, he will rcHdily plnnge in and bring yonr 
duck or bird when ordered in by a wave of the 
hand with or without the word "fetch." 

Don't Lbnd Touk Dog Out.— The owner of a 
good dog ehonld think enough of him not to lend 
him to the best friend he lias on earth. More dogs 
have been spoiled and ruined by being handled and 
hunted by men of different dispoeilions than in any 
other way. If a friend must hnnt with your dog, 
see that lie hunts with you and your dog. This is 
the only safe way,'for everybody's dog is nobody's 
dog, and the first one to find itout is the dog himself. 

A truly loyal dog wiil not follow anyone but his 
master if bis master has gained his affection. 

We had a dog, dear old Hunter, to whose memo- 
ry we have dedicated this book, who was the most 
enthiisiastiu hunter we ever knew, and yet he would 
only hunt with ub. If we were shooting in company 
with others and dropped out he would leave the field 



no THE OENTLRHAn'h DOQ. 

promptiy when he discovered we wore not tilottg. 

Sore Fkbt. — TJiitit a dog gets liie feet tongli and 
liard he is likely to eiiEEer very much in Hie com- 
mGiicemeiit of the linntnig seaaon from tender feet. 
TIio hest thing we have ever tried for this is Mr. 
Haberlein'e suggestion in tlie Amateur Trainer: 

"During some weeks before aclnal work afield 
ehiill commence, freqnently give your dog nina of 
moderutG dnratioii at first, increasing time and dis- 
titrice at each subsequent run. Tliis will put a good 
solid padding on tlie dog's feet. If cracka are 
noticed to appear on the sole, besmear them with a 
little castor oil or vaseline. After a tough, thick 
sole has been produced, procnre some pine tar, soft- 
en thifi to the coiisietency of a syrup, pour onto a 
board or tin plate -^ of au inch deep and set dog's 
foot in it, withdraw aTid set foot firmly down in a 
pan of di)8t taken from a dusty road devoid of 
sand. Treat each foot in this manner for three con- 
secutive days before starting out on a tinnlinf^ trip, 
and redip once a week thereafter, and you will nev- 
er be bothered l>y a latrie dog, caused hy wearing 
his feet sore." 



THK OKNTLKHAN'ti IKiU. Ill 

BKIAU8 4WD BcBBS,— Maiij- an (jiitluiiiiaelic dog 
has been liandieapped in his work and made to snf. 
fur btjvtrely by liaving a briar or tliorii in liis foot 
wliere lie coiiFd not remove it, or a burr deeply 
malted in liie bair and grinding down npon sensi- 
tive bleeding fleeb. 

Now brother biintenian, wbeii you see your dug 
stop and lie down and try to get soinethiiig out of 
Ills fool, don't leave it all to Mm. Do j'lst aa one 
of your family would for yon if yon bad a ep'inter 
in your baud — belp bim get it out! The same in- 
junction applies to burrs under a tender ear. 

The Collar — Always Bee tliat the dog has com- 
fortable room in bis eoltar. Wben bnekled around 
bis ne<'k run your hand tiirongb and see tbat it can 
easily move around between collar and dog's neck. 
See tbat it is wide enongh to prevent twisting and 
cnlting under strain, and see rhat there are no tiv- 
etB or projections to tiurt bim. This looks like a 
sim;>lc master, but these little things neglected im- 
pair the beet \vork of your dog liesidea giving bim 
unnecessary pain and annoyance. 



A SXATVWIAS, SOHR HmiTBIE. 



8^^ E have told our readers a good deal about 
^Hfl^ trainin;^ the liiinting dog, whicli would iu- 
dicate that a dog tniiet he (rained to he of any ac- 
coQut. Now in (lie main if this were not true we 
would have bnt little claim on tlie great army of 
huntsmen to biif this humble little volnme. 

But there are exceptions to all rules and these ex- 
ceptions make a fellow sit up and think now and then. 

We are going to take enougii of your time to 
toll you about an untrained dog that we were ac 
quainted with and whose exploits we published in 
that admirable sportsman's journal, F'ield and 
Stream, of New York. We reproduce it from the 
November. 1905 issue; 



THE GENTLKMAN's DOO. 1 1 3 

"good blood bomkwbebk. 

Having Imd coueiderabte experience afield witli 
bird dogs of varied accomplish menu, pedigrees, 
training records, and other enppoeed neceeearj qual- 
ities to make ttiem good liuiiteiB, I have iiatniaily 
made some coiiiparieoim now and tiien between 
these favored canines and the common run of 
"pick ups" found here and theie at tlie farmlionei-s 
all over our state, and who are of uncertain lineage 
and utterly unknown to fame. 

I have 80 frequently been astounded at tlie good 
work done by tliei<e unkempt dogs tliat I sometimes 
wonder if many gond doge are not overtrained, and 
maybe overbred I It is a fact well know that many 
of onr beet men in all wuike in life are self made 
men, and certainly some of the very Irest doge I 
have known have been essfntially self broken and 
self developed. 

1 recall the fact that some auMimns ago I went to 
a genlleinan'e liouee in a nearby county to bunt 
partridges, but as both of my dogs were sic-k, I re- 
lied upon finding some kind of a dog at liis place 
lie seemed enrpiiscd that I had not bronglit my 



1 14 TRR ORNTLRUAH's DOO. 

doj^s with me, btit, taid he had a "ping of a dog" 
tliat might help out after a faehion. The animal 
WHB certainly one of very nnprepoSBeesiiig appear- 
ance. He was a kind of eorrel setter, with a de- 
cided euBpicion of a hnll dog ctmb ahont liis face. 
He looked eheepis)i and gnilty, and had a woebe- 
gone eye. Tlie poor fellow liad iteen taking pot 
luck with hie master, wlio was a good fellow, bnt a 
bachelor, and even a dog would not be expected to^ 
be happy and sleek nnder the domestic manage- 
ment of a bachelor. 

After dinner we concluded to take a little round 
after the bird?, and calling tlie dog out from under 
the house, my friend tossed him two little piec?8 of 
corn bread and bade him "git out." The dog shook 
the ashes and feathers out of his coat and exhibited 
eoiiBiderable interest as he saw our guns. He 
struck out ahead of ne and dodged off into a well- 
covered liuld from which grain had been cut. In a 
little while he made a very reepeclable stand, and I 
advanced and whs getting ready to flush tho covey, 
when my friend said, '"Ni* birds there, — he stands 
moles too." Sure enough tlio dog roacbed hie back 



THE OENILEHAn's DOO. 115 

and poiiuced down with l>otli forepaws and dug ont 
a mole in eliort order. Soou the do;; mado aiiutlier 
staod, and I ambled on read; for a rise, when hie 
master eaid : " I think that is a hare." It proved to 
be an old hare and onr bird dog gave liim as lively 
a chase aa I have ever obsorved. 

Iq the conree of fifteen or twenty minntes the 
dog returned and commenced hnnting the field care- 
fully and soon came to a dead stand. 

"They are there," said my friend in a confident 



And they were there, and a beautifnl covey it 
was. 

In a two bonrs' hunt this peculiar dog's work was 
perfectly beautiful, he tinditig covey after covey and 
standing single birds as staunchly as he did the 
coveys, never flusliing under any circumetanceB,and 
while he would not retrieve in the usual way he 
woald find every dead or crippled bird and stand 
over him until we ciime and got it. I never saw n 
more unpromising looking dog, nor have I ever 
hunted with a better one. 

My friend, Mr. Walter Harrison, living near Ash- 



116 THE OKNTLIiMAm'b DOO. 

Und, Ya., had a puppy Uiat )ie took into the field 
last fall at ten luuiitlia of age for the first time. 
ProviooB to this time, the puppy had never been 
trained a day in any raanner, nor had lie ever seen a 
bird; he bad just loitered aronnd the farmhouse 
with the bounds and curs and rnn as he pleased. 

Mr. Harrison took bini out alone ono aflernoon 
to see what be would do. The little fellow soon 
stood a covey and held them like a "Stonewall," to 
ase a favorite Sontbern expression, and when Mr. 
Harrison came up and kicked them up and shot a 
couple of them, the puppy stood his ground until 
the two birds fell and ti en without a word of com- 
mand went and got each bird and brought them to 
bis master. He stood three coveys that afternoon 
and a number of singles, never finqhed a bird, and 
retrieved every one killed. And he has kept this 
behavior up ever since. Mr. Harrison has never 
found it necessary to speak to him or give him any 
sort of command, for he dues everything that be 
should do, and does it well. 

The lesson that we draw fn>tn tbese experiences 
u that a mail must gain the tuntidence of bis dog, 



tHB QBHTLSHAH'B DM. 117 

aseociate with bitn, and let him fntij nnderetand by 
obeervation what is wanted, rather than hamper bim 
by constant watching and training in narrow limits. 
The next observation that we have made is that 
'blood will telt," even in a dog. 



POI.IK HEX.LBK, OW VmeiRIAt 

W^^ ^ c.iTiie near ctoBing tliie Ijook and making 
^^^ a bif; mistake; for any man living iu Vir- 
ginia wlio writes a "dog l)ook" witli Polk Miller 
left out would be giving the pndding with all the 
sauce left o£E. We are going to gi,ve yon just a 
glance at him to save ourselves, bless bis dear old 

Polk Miller is one of the South's most popular 
liuinorists. He has been in the drug busineee in 
Kicliinond just fifty years. He is the President of 
the Polk Miller Drug Co., of this city. His son, 
W. Witliei-8 Miller, is the Secretary and Treasur- 
er, and is in fact the real thing when it comes to 
rnniiing the business, but now and then he goes oS 



The rrntlrhah's doo. 119 

on business, or pleaeiiro trips, and the "old man" 
takes charge of things. Tliey do a large mail order 
business in dog medicines, and one da;, in the 
absence of the eon, Polk concluded he would get out 
a circular to send to the druggists at large, and here 
It is: 

"TsK Dam Fool DKnGoiax." 

We get orders by mail from every quarter of tJie 
United States, and on shipping tlie goods, we fol- 
low it up with a letter wliicli reads as follows: 

"Please get jonr nearest druggist to keep our 
goods in stock." 

A man in Ohio who had sent in ten letters en- 
closing money, and four telegrams, asking them to 
hurry the shipment, received one of these letters of 
advice after each shipment, and wrote back as fol- 
lows: 'You keep on writing me to get my nearest 
druggist to order your goods, and I have seen the 
dam fool druggist, but he won't order. ' 

Are you one of that kind? If so, we'll remind 
yon that it is a peculiarity of some people to love 
dogs. You may think they are "dam fools," but it 
won't do to tell 'em so, particularly if the dog 



120 THE eEMTLBHAN^H DOO. 

owner Bhould be a woman, for sbe wonld continue 
to love lier dog, wiiile yon would roost very low, in 
her estimation." 

About the time that Polk Miller's printer had 
struck off 100 of the circulars, the son, who is of a 
digni&ed mien, and is "business all over", came into 
the office, and the 100 circulars are hid away until 
the son can see the humor in iti 

Some more of his fooltsbueaa: 

"I's GwiNB Die Sou." 

Pulk Miller's latest darkey story is on an old man 
whom he found sleeping at a station, waiting, as he 
was, fur a belated train. The old fellow's head was 
thrown back with liia month wide open, and he was 
snoring so loud that it sounded as it some one was 
grinding coffee. The attention of a score or more 
of pafiseiigers was called to him, and a mischievous 
drummer slipped up and dropped, far back into his 
mouth, a ten grain powder of quinine. He then 
aroiieed him and aBked where he was going) The 
old negro's face began to show signs of distress and 
I'nar as he hawked and spat upon the ground, and 
Biiid " Bos-*, is dar a Doctor 'bout here?" "No, 



tUK okntlkhan'b doo. 1^1 

there's no doctor here, what do yon want with a 
doctor, old man ?" "Well snh, I'd gwine ter die." 
"What makes yon think wif said the drummer. 
"1 knotvs I'd gwine tor die, knee my gall is done 
basted !" 



■KTTBM XHAIt DOKILAMai. 

HffiM HERE are men in tliie world who are in- 
^is cliiied to epeak diBreepectfull; and iinkindl; 
of liiintKmen as a claes. Tliey claseifj tliem me 
"loafers" or " treepaasera," and tteem to think that 
the only mieBion of man ia to grind on forever with- 
out a moment's recreation nntil the last call catclies 
hitn with his hand on the other fellow's dollar! 
You will hear tliein say, "Idon't see how Jones can 
keep a dog, a pretty gnn, and take whole days off 
from his bnsiness and keep his bills paid, when it is 
all I can do to keep buckle and tongue together 
when I never miss a day from my business." 

Well now the xecret ie just this: Jones is the 
better man of the <:wo— he is more eiieceEefnl in 



t6b qentlrhak's doq. l^i 

baiiinesB because lie lightens and brigliteiie liie heart 
by going ont and enjoying a whole glorions day 
over the bruwii and fragrant fiulds, through the 
bright tinted woods and along the puHiog brook. 
He hae roBtled around and inlialed the fragrance of 
the pungent pine, and "life everlaetin." 

He has been reminded of his days back at the 
farm, had retrod his steps froiri manliood to boyhood 
and sat down by the old " iishing hole" where be 
hooked his Srst minnows; he has come back by the 
the old pasture path along by the foot of tlieold gar- 
den and paused under the willow tree drooping over 
a lune mound — be bas lingered long enough to lean 
on tbe old crumbling rail and go away back to the 
memory of the dear one resting there under that 
mound. Perhaps he utters reverently tbe word 
"mother" and wipes away a tear. 

Jones may not bave as many questionable dollars 
as old skinflint, but when tbe boritm^m calls for 
Jones to take bis last trip, there'll be no trouble 
about tbe toll. 



PREFACE 

Character and DiBpoaition 

How to Feed the Fupp; 

The Puppy's Bed , 

The Bath 

Exercise 

Training; the Puppy 

Time for Training 

In the Field 

Treating the Sick Dog . 



Qeneral DUeases 
Duurhtea 
Dysenterjr . 
Dutemper 
Mange — ( Scratches) 

HhenmatJBm 

St. Titm' Dance ( Chorea) 

CoDvnluona or Fits 

The Wounded Dog 

Arrest of Hemorrrhage 
Dressing of Wounds 
Fracture of Bones 
Treatment of Same 

Pointera 



RetrieTing from W&ter 

Don't Lend Tonr Dc^ Out 
. Sore Feet 

BrioTB and Bum 

The Collar 
A Natural Born Hunter 
Polk Miller of Tirginia 
Batter Than Dollars 



THE SWEETEST LITTLE PRESENT 

jou could give 
iiiiy iadjf or relative ie a lovely copy of 

KITTY DIXON 

A WEE BIT OP LOVE AND WAR 

in 
Blue and Gray and Gold 

by 
0. A. BRYCE, A. M., M. D. 

PMICB FIFTY CBKTS. 

ftt 
SuUTHKRn Clinic, 

Richmond, Va. 



IF YOU FEEL BLUE 

ind Iwgiu to thiDk that you and Old Sport have 

about hunted tlie field over, jour liver ie 

wrong. A good laugh will help it aod 

many laughs will cure the caBe. 

Ups and Downs of a Virginia Doctor 

By O. A.. BRVCB, A. M., BI. D., 

Will Fubhish the Rbmbdt. 



The records show that four persons have laughed 

themselves to death already, but thouiands 

have been saved by it and 

you can chance ir. 



PRICE ONE DOLLAR. 

Send direct to the old fellow himself for it. 
Db. BRTCE, 

SouTHKBN Clinic, 

Richmond, Ya 



For Field Shootii^g 
Use Shells Loaded With 



WAL8R0DE POWDER 

Schoverling, Daly & Gales, 



SOI-ilM BBOAUWAt, 

NEtr lOKK. 



\' 1 



SEP 1 9 



FP 1 9 V'-A 



d