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' ^It^- THE 

Gentleman s Magazine: 


Hiftorical Chronicla 

Volume LV. 







minted by John Nichols, for Davio Henay, late of St. Johif$ 
(jMi and fold by Eliz. NBWBE&Yy the Comer of St PmV$ 

To the Editor of the Gentleman's Magazine:. 

^P^ROCECD^ friend Urbav, to improve the age t 
•*• The lire of youth ftill glows in every page ; 
Thy genius faints not at th' approach of time ; 
Long may this ncwo be spread through every clime ! 
Urban ftill lives, to blefs and pleafe mankind, 

. To^mend die maunerSj and improve the mind. 

" ■» 

I' ' 'Lfȣi^ ^iIivtnMatll^egratdtiliouiidt 
With joyful echoes makes the air rebound : 

Her fiivourite Johnson from her arm is fled, 

• - ^ 

iVnd many miore areO(iu]iii)er!d with^e dead : 

In the fhort fpaee of one revolving year. 

She oft has dropp'd the fympathctic tear. 

^otSndk her forrows for thefe joys boreft. 

Among her fons one darling ftill is left ; 

Leamii\g and Genius at th* event rejoice ; 

Among their votaries, this the public voice, 

Long may'ft thou live, with fame and honour crown'd. 

And thy produSiOfW evet be f enown*d ! 

Mor yet alone is aU the merit due. 

Nor does their fpndne& center all in you : 

Another Urb akl ftill divider th^ care, 

A younger hope, who bids them not defpair. 

Thefe Sifters ftill have.that one joy in ftore. 

Should they be forc'd their Urb an to deplore t 

t( the ftcrn Fates fhoidd fnatch vou to the ikie^» 

i^tictiier PhfgTiT X will innnedi atR tife I 

The Gentleman's Magazine '\ 

PibliAdwrtifer .. . ^„ A 


••n to •tmnttt ns ainm Orlttz ttn uv Vool «r 4* Bfna ant ptbt. 

Motorel. Diiriti for JglyMilAiiEi.«, 1784, 4941 S'"To''Mfi.BrU.m»'iB67 Peter 

!Rrn>rkiltl7 lirgE \Vi11oar-TKe dcfcribei 495 N*tBrilCariDfi>ici (fircoTFred in RulS* 
Dr. IshnCfln'i ChiriAcr oi Bu-dii 49 7 On ihe flow Proer<ri ofihc Ani 

Pujlltl Piff.g« of Shikfpc.fe LllirtrMcd 498 Epiripht— Founder of Em.i,«i Co[I«<i 
Mi.Birrmiion'iR'tnirkian ArcbcTf - 449 pDmniirjori'ractcdingiln Pj-Ilameni 1:14— 
of r. Dwii of«llj, 50c CJ.rtof D-Emr.'>:.H«ui,h.iW,fe',MarierJr, . 

D.a-..ltenl forhnmiD LMcli 501 niffi:rcni N.mticf Uirtti ].i Engl, ind Sc«l. '. 
xnnmenoB it KnrtoD.WdFi, joi Riiletnfi new Liicurv Sdciciy at MonuoTe i 
'O111I.C R^Timbtr fuuud in the Ille ot Min ji'j ElTiyon Thinking j 

Siniulir Aniiqviiiti in Cbuhtm Chuich jO] Anndoin ..I' Drin Swifi ; 

Wer Inm Dr. SneIrT c»Si>ringrii Pe 'n S'^5 -^""Y ■■' ■ *''"■■ ^"^ DrruniMon 
Wm.nioflu.on-A^o-nX'f Srjgbroot 5=6pf Plijr.n.nJ PuHciwI w.,CeniutMtiMo , 
;L«tLr.f,.b/.CtD«elterfliite, sr7|C«»lo6at of Ne» ' 

iVi]CM'i\Vri[ini<ibiiii)iiiCirai<l <o]t|IUviEw of New Public ATiam ^i\~y 

Mfc.«uf LlIlofiMirPem— 0,ifr-f.-«i c<», V.ri..y of Ox.oinal PoirnY h-~\ 

Jitrt.i.irn,,,t»Iend.i.i:»-Anilii.i»lM.Ei«»S" "«'■»''"">"<'' I>r. Funklin , 

HnwkiDnroiBeliicbifeov.rki jrifui'lj" Afiiir^— Amcriiin, Scotch, Count 

'Aatiquariin Nei<:i in l^irchillcrChurch ;■: -vid Domcnic Ncoi, &c. <;<>:-. 

IfBirkiooihe Lfiiori. Mr. \V»f<oii ,V Lift, of Blrtl.., M.rraEo, Dtuhi, P.uo-mIo 

APeifiin Tifc— Al.frbm j'l LjtI.iiir J 1 ; PrtfcriBenii, &t. Jtc. (70-; 

iiriAaniDnchcTrrtimcniot McihoJ'lti 516 Avcnj^L' rrcei.DfCorn mid Grilii 
r>ri(iaj| Aottdore. of <«n. ynXViwa of Siocki , 

Illulirucil wiih * R.>p«r..'ni.[lon of ftret.! u-nsui As r ly; 1 



ir II» 




S Y L V J H V S U K li ^ ^. 

:l bj J. NICHOLS, for D. HENRY, Inc of Saint Joi 


49^ 'Dr. Jones'i DifiripiUn of ibi alihreted Lickfidd ff^Bntf. 

tree has now a vigorous and increafing 
appear a nc e , ■ ■ The wiliowy in iu ge- 
neric chara6lery reaches but a middling 
£xe ; yet there are fome fpecies which 
authors defcribe as of larger growth 
than others. This appears to me to be 
the twenty -ninth of Linnasus, Salix fi- 
im fMntir^ewanis laaci9Uiio-4inearibms 
iongtjfimis acntis Jubtus fgriciis^ ramis 
nnrgatij\ which. Miller fays, feldom 
grows to a large (ize. 

'* But as great iize is owing to Atua- 
tioD, we may perhaps find, in the fpot 
mllotced to this tree, much of the caufe 
of its extraordinary growth. It (lands 
nearly midway, between the Minder 
and Stow pools, in the boggy . vale 
through which the Pipe Brook runs ; 
and at the bottom of a gentle defcent, 
which terminates, at a Ihort diftance, in 
a deep moor. 

'* Draining and an acceflion of foil 

opportunity for extenfive growth. Tfie 
iDofk moderate reputation of its age 
is near fourfcorc years, and fome rc- 
fpedablc authorities (irongly in-line tQ 
think a century has pafTcd over its head. 
It were to be wiflied, that we had fome 
certain knowledge of the time it left its 
parent flo9k, but it has probably out- 
lived all ihofe who might have rcmemr 
bered its infancy ; and as the place where 
it (lands has no celebrity, it can fcarce 
be expe£led that the accidental fpring- 
ing, or even deiigncd planting, of a io- 
lirary willow (hould be a ciicumAance 
of fo much notice as to have its date 
tranfmitted tQ poftcrity. 

" 1 am, with much efti em. Sir, your 
mpft obedient and faithful fcrvant, 

Trevor jonei, 
LichJUlJ, i^ Novimb. lySi. 
To Dr. Samuel Johofon." 

On the fummit of the hill, bevond 

have, of late years, made the grnuiid ^i^^ g^ctt willow tree, appears an hand- 

iide, and that, with the coni'olidation of 

noc, ana inat, wtn tne conioiioation or ^^ ^^c Urc Gilbert Walmcdey. KCciuirc. 
the light fpungy moor, may have been j^e friend and patron of Dr. Johnfou. 

the reafon that the inclination of the 
tree, from the force of the Northerly 
and Wederly winds, is icfs than ufual 
in aquatic tiees, erpecially thofe which 
have difiufe heads. 

" All the banks of the brook which 
intcrfefis the vale are moor, in fome 
places improved by the indudry of cul- 
ture j in others remaining dangerous 
quagmires ^, concealed by maticd 
fed^es, reeds, and other marfliy plants. 
There are feveral willows in the cul- 
tivated lands, and fome of cojifidcr- 
ahle fiie» but modly afpiring. J niea- 
furtd one on the Wed TkIc of the bridge, 
above the Minder pool, icvcn feet eight 
inches in circurofeicnce, and about forty 
feet high. 

** Wet foils are the natural fituations 
of willows; and mardiy places, accord- 
ing to Dr. Priedlcy, are moic peculiarly 
their choice. Such places abooiid with 
inflammable air, which he fuppofcs to 
be the food of the willow. 1 c^IIcAcd 
large quantities a few paces from the 
tree; and if plenty and vicinity facili* 
tated the incrraie, it is no wonder that 
this willow diould attain 16 d id ingu idl- 
ed a (ize. 

** Its age alfo has aflfordcd time and 

^ Since then drained, and made gued land; 
^7 the Rev. Di. FaUoauTa 

The veneiable old building r.ext aura£i^ 
our notice. It is fuppofed to be chc molt 
ancient chuifch belonging to the city i 
is dedicated to St. Chad^l. and generally 
called Stow Church. Adjoinin?) for* 
merly dpod the cell of St. Chadd. By 
fom'^ authentic papers prcferyed in the 
archive^ of the vicars choral of the ca- 
thedral^ mention ii> made of an altar de- 
dicated to St. Catharine, as appe.ars by 
the following tranfcript : *• Roger, bi- 
(hupof Covcntric and Lichfield, did or- 
dain a clnnti ic at Srpwc, vud built an 
houfe, and g.ivg lands apd yearly reye* 
nues to a pried, which fliould be one of 
the vicars, to fay ixiaI* there daily, which 
pried (hoiild have all fuch allowances 
as the vicars hsd. But this mafs bcin';; 
neglef^cd, iind the hnufe decayed, John 
dean of Tichficid and the Chaptct did 
enter upon the chantcry, and made onf 
King pried there, and rcdored (tic houi'e, 
lands, and revenues to the chantery 
againe, that the biOiop gave j \^bere- 
upon the fubchantcr and his fellow 
vicars went into the Chapterhoule, and 
promil'ed that fome one of there fellowe 
piied^ and vicars (hould fay dayley the 
mafs there, and that thev would repaira 
the hnufe thereto belongingc, and that 
was ordered in the Chapter -houfe then, 
that the fubchantcr and company of vi- 
ciih Aouid piefeat 9 lit man to theio* 




?ntlemans Magazine ; 

For JULY, 1785. 


Jr B A N, LicbJUUn July 20. 

rjgf '^HE large willow tree in 
w the fore-ground of tht 
S view of Stow-hill, near 
^ this city, fent to your 
3§C Magazine by my wor- 
'jBCjfti *^^y friend the Rev. Mr. 
White, in June lafl, p. 
IS been gene rally fuppofed to 
en planted by the late Dr. Sa- 
ahnfon's father, as the Do£lor 
ailed to viiit it whenever he 
» Lich6cld. The vicinity of a 
;, known by the name of "The 
imcnt Houlc/' perhaps gave rife 
fuppofitinn, as the Do£lor would 
ioiit the faft. The bufmefs of 
:nt-raaking was, for many years^ 
on by old Mr. Johnfoii, at that 
inti! he had greatly enriched hit 
t, and injured his own fortune, 
ire now no vcfliges remaining of 
.aoufa£loryi the pits aie Blled 
. the yarcl occupied, in part, by 
Dcr, and by Mr. Saville, one of 
itlemen belongmg to our cathe- 
ho has lately planted a botanic 
, confiding of above fcvcn hun- 
pccimens of rare and elegant 
well worthy the notice of the 

viilow, as before obfcrved, at- 
thc attention of Dr. Johnibn 
ny years ; and during hi^ vifit at 
M, iu t)ie ^car 17S1, he defired 
les, a phyhcian of that place, to 
m an account of it, faying it was 
:hlhe largtll tree-of the kind tic 
srfecn or heard of, and therefore 
to eivc an account of it in the 
ifoplucal Tranfadioo^/' tliac its 

fize* might be recorded. When in 
Lichfield lafl >car, he begged to have 
another cop^ of the letter, having mif- 
placed the former, and not being able to 
recover it; but he -.vas fo ill duiingthe 
latter part of his Hay, that it was for- 
gotten. Dr. Jones has obligingly fa- 
voured me with a copy; which Is as 
follows : 
•« Sir, 
" In confcquencc of the convgrfation 
J had lately with you, I have tnkcn the 
dimensions of the Lichfield willow.— 
The trunk rifeg to the height of twelve 
feet eight inches, and five tenths, and 
is then divided into fifteen large nicf tid- 
ing branches, which, in very numerous 
and crowded fubdiviiions, fprcad at the 
top in a circular form, nor unlike the 
appearance of a (hady oak, inclining a 
little tow^iids the Eaft. The circum- 
ference of the trunk at the bottom is 
fifteen feet, nine inches, and five tenths; 
in the middle, eleven feet ten intlic:>j 
and at the top, immediately below tiic 
branches, thirteen feet. The entire 
height of the tree is forty-nine feet; 
and the circumference of tnc bianchcs, 
at their extremities, upwards of two 
hundred feet, ovei fliadowing a 
not far fliort of four thoufand feet. The 
furfiice of the trunk is very uneven; 
and the bark is much furrowed. T!ic 

* As the fcale of our platr was no \:.\a\1 
to exhibit an exad reprernuation of ihc wil- 
low, our fneodly rQrseiponufni Kai accom* 
panird his lerter wiih another drawipg, t^k -i-j 
by Mr. Stringer, Irom the Sonih; wh ch ihi'I 
be given ID « nufcellaneous plaie i.ext tnoiitii. 
The ibrmer view was taica trem ihc Nil it* 
Well. hiiiT. 


IcDce of the fame kio^ mieht fitve Dr. 
Dodd ; bur the impunity of Sava^ and 
Barctti'Nvat not fufliciently edifymg to 
the publick in iu confequcnces to au- 
thonic the extending the iame indul- 
^nceto the unhapny Divine. 

Yours, &C. QjJEftiST. 


THE Parallel PaOages and Remarks 
on Shakfpeaie, p. 277, are ex* 
trcmely plcafing and ingenious.; but, 
Mrith great deference, I would fubiBic 
the following Obfervationt to your en- 
tertaining correipondcnt. 

The Greek lines ought to have been 
rranilated literally and •verbatm^ as fara» 
podible. This, indeed,' iliould be a ge- 
neral rule, nor only tor the fake of fe- 
male readers, but al(b for a vail majo- 
rity of readers of the other fex, wiio, 
though perhaps men of the beft undtr- 
fiandings and great information^ may 
not have had the advantage of acade- 
mical education, it would be ufeful 
alfu for another purpofe : conjectures 
uould be otilrcd uiih more caution, 
.and writers, wlicn conipclicd to this 
tcft, would perceive they muft proceed 
oil furc g>round ; paralkjs and fimili- 
rudcs would then be rigoroufly cxaft- 

1 mud take the liberty of mentioning 
10 yr,ur corrcfpoudcnc, that there aic 
inniin)«T>iblt thG:ighii that muft be com- 
Tu<>\\ :•» manl.ind in ^II ugcs, in all 
pi;:cci, and, pr<»b<b!y, aietxprelFtd in 
Dearly the lan^c mar.ncr in all ian- 
j;uan(s. Suclr as rise haff of my Uftt 
half of my leh'y , htuf oj mj fukftance ; 
aoi! it ficm- th.owinq; away ingenuity 
.i:i<i Ituraturc to coljcdl and compare 
julHi^i'/of that foit. 

I'iu i;iiT)c rcinaik may be made with 
Tdjc^f to il.c \\ini\ fffifti'tf in tlic next 
qjutation. T!i?.t '^\iiT<\ was the com- 
r»w)ri trivial tpiiiict in iliofe diy^, when 
dci'cribing u .ctrt.iin kiiul of voice. It 
may not be fo frtqucnt jt the preftnt 
fiir.i;, \ ci Vi fc.r fi'-m having yer gone 
:i»t«» j^cntral <iiru.''t:, I'hc word, J think, 
wo^v preferred is /A/.v. A thin voice is 
r< laui of ctrtdi:i fingers, and 
aiio of men, cither as to familiar dif- 
fcurfc or to public fpcakiug. If fuch 
phiafes a^ t!)i.ic arc ever to be taktn in- 
to foMVidcraiion, wc m.iy cxpcft the 
fofluwing a& iiiitanccs of plagiarifm, or 
atimiiablc concu;icncc, TA/.< irjinenvca' 
thtr — ifgry haU — ierrilly hot aay^^ixctf" 
/ti'fi) co/J.&ii. wJiich, forcigncri oblei ve, 
i»- tuc ijf\al coinmcnrcincnt of Knglifli 
cxinvtjJanon \\I.t:) 1^0 fi icudi uictt. ' 

The note oa the epithet JeUghtui 1% 
very fatisfa£^ory ; but I cannot make 
fenic of this paiiagc, and requeft it m^j 
be explained. '* No doubt « yfotihj 
*' augmeniaikn bf the hiftorn conccm- 
*' ing the bel of IJUind,** A few linet 
after, " When it is weary of lurking." 
The word augmentmion may perhaps be 
eafily undtfllood \ but does bel mean a 
fpirit, and is fflmtid put fur Ictland ?— 
I Ihould fuppofc fo, only the fpelling 

^e-njubitt ^§*njitbo9f The iimplicity 
of the t^o little palloral fongs, in one 
of which thofe words form the bur* 
then, is fo delightful, tlut we feel aa 
anxiety to be certata of the figniO- 
eance of every fyllrtble. 7<^'wbit f 
Tt-'wboo i . are onomatopetia ; . and 
word« of that foit, I ihould imagine, 
never grow out of date, thai the com- 
mon people never ceafe employinj^ 
them when occafK^n demands. Is tliat 
the cafe wuh ilit.!" vf-i^K? I thiuk 
4iot. X have never oi. :crvw'l the com* 
nion peopic, in any p-^it <^t the three. 
kinjK^doms, uitcr iLcir. ; — v.hi.nce this 
dtd'cicnce ? Perhaps the uwl is a bird 
more fcarce now than in the times of 
our anccllors. This is not unlikely, 
P'tpulation being increafcd, our pec^ 
pie, morj^ en^«ij>ed in induftry, are leia 
atrcniivc to ojc^is of this Ibtt; and 
both caufes may have rendered the 
words obfbletc. . Some perlbns cannot 
imagine tnat thofe words are at all imi- 
tative of the cry of the ow) ; but to me 
it fcenis oiherwiie. The ciy of the owl 
is variable. This may pioceed from the 
diircTcncc of male or female, youngs 
or old, or the fpecies, of which there 
is ^reat variety. I doubt not but 
fkilful naturaiilis, or perlbns entirely 
rcfident in the countiy, might be able 
to difcriminaie the diti'ercnt voices.-— 
The obfervation that has occurred to 
me is, that in the word To- -nmbit, the 
firll fyllable, To, is long, the laft very 
ihort and acute, followed by a repeti- 
tion of both fyllables, vei y quick, acute, 
and both fhort. in the word TO'iuboo^ 
the fuH fyllable always ihort; njuboo, 
the laft, lengthened out prodigiouily, 
with a very lugubrou^ tone. The found 
of the whole produces a pleafing melan* 
choly fenfariou, when liftened to from a 
cottage-window^ or wandering through 
a lonely wood, in the filence of the 
night. But of theie Jtrx/^tf peihaps moic 
than enough. 

The childing autumn. The term 
(LilMngy 1 prefumc, is well explained j 


Afr» Barrington^i Amcdrtis tf Archtrj, 

^ut if it be an epithet in vented by the 
poer, it it very ftiff and fir^fctchcd. I 
chercfbre conclude it w^Syin thofe days, 
a conmon popular mode of fpeaking. 
Hiht lines from Fairfax fhould have 
been explained; they mean, I fuppofe, 
that the hundred plants were enchanted 
into an hundred nymphcs. I have ni't 
an opportunity of confulring the book ; 
and that muft be the cafe with a multi- 
tude of your reader5. 

The paflage from Aulus Gellius Is 
applied with much ingenuity and plea- 
fantry> but with this diftin6Vion, that 
though Aulas Gellius has exprclfcd his 
idea with a very (lifF, embarrafHd cir- presenting an archer drawing the long* 


that Mr. Scott (<he great brick-maker) 
hath been under the necelTity cf rook- 
ing his fubmifnon. 

Charles the Firft likewife KTued two 
proclamations for the promotion of ar* 
chery, the I aft of which recommend* 
the ul'e of the bo^ and pike together. 

Ciithcrine of Portupnl (qucrii t* 
Charles the Second) fccmi to have 
been much plcafcd with the fipht .t 
Icaft of this cxercife; for in if>r$, by 
the contiiburions of Sir l'2dward Hun- 
ger ford and others, a filvcr badge for 
the marlhal of the fraternity was madr^ 
weighing twenty -five ounces, and re- 

cumlocution, yet he really explains the 
term obnoxium. ShaUfpeare^on the con- 
trary» is idem per idemt manifcftty a bur- 
lefq'ue; and the word accommodatid is 
not explained at all. 

Thefc thoughts arofe on reading the 

bow (in the proper manner) to his ear, 
with the following infcription, Rtgixie 
Catberinte Sa^ittarii, The fupporters 
are two bowmen, with the arms of Eng- 
land and Portugal. 

In 1O82 there was amoft magnificent 

agreeable letter (igned "T. H, W, If cavalcade and entertainment given by 
they be worthy a place in your valuable the Finlbury archers, when they bc- 
rcpoiitory, Mr. Urban will pieafe to in- ftowcd the titles of Duke of Shore- 
fort themi but, if not, the wi iter can ditch. Marquis of Illington, &:c. upon 
readily acquiefcc in the better judgment the mod dcferving. ChLirlcs the Sc* 
of one lie lb much refpcdls and cllceras. ^^nd was prclent upon this occafioni 
Yours, &c. A.C. but, the day being rainy, he wasobhged 
P. S. P. 288. TheZU^MV of Jobn- ibon to leave thc^ficld. 

Jom^i I heard many years ago, but with 
feme dilTcrence. It was faid of Mack- 
lin's converfatiun, '< a conftant renova- 
<< tion of hope, with perpetual difap- 
•* pointmcnt."— Query, Which was 

/Mri9f#f0/' Archery \n England, 

hv Mr. Barrxngton. 

(Frnn tbe Archxologia, f^oL HI,) 

CHARLES the Firft fecms, from the 
dedication of a trearife, intituled, 
Vf't Bifwrnan^sGlory^ to hate been him- 
self an archer; and in the cighrh year 
of his reign he ifl'ued a comir.iii.on to 
the Chancellor, Lord Mayor, and Icve- 
ral of the Privy Council, t<» prevent the 
fields near London being fo inclol'ed as 
•* to interrupt the nccellary and nvotii- 
'* able cxercife of fhooting,'* a^ alio to 
lo\fer the mounds where iliey prevent- 
ed the view frem one maik t.i another. 
—•The lame comniiifion directs that 
bridges fhould be thrown over the 
dikes, and that all ihootini.^ mnrks 
which had been removed fhould be re- 
ftored. -Under tiicfc lail clauics, a ccw- 
kceper, named Piitield, was. To la:c ::b 
1746, obliged to renew one of tliei'e 
marks, on which the Artillery Com- 
pany cut the following infcriptiun, viz. 
FiffiMs Reftntanct* X am iufoimcd alio 

I do not find any thing rclati'vc to 
the ftate of archery during the fliort 
reign of James the Second; but it con- 
tinued, after this, to be ufcd for a man- 
ly exercifc, as appears by an epitaph on 
the South fulc of Clerkcnwcll churchy 
on Sir Wm. WooJ, wlio died in 1691, 
ai;cd 8 J, which is ttill verv ien;iblc.-— 
There is.i very go<»d portrait ot this fa- 
mous archer, beioiJi;in^!j to the Artillery 
Company, at the iiluc Anclior, a pub- 
lic- houfj in Bun hill -Row, which iouks 
into the Artillery Ground. 

Archery, hov.ev.r, did not entirely 
die with Sir W'lu. Wood, for in 1696, 
awidov.' (named \!;s. Eliz. Shakcrley) 
left by her wiii thiiiy-hvc pounds to be 
dillributcd in prizes to this ti-atcrniiy. 
Poliibly ih;: \\:.\\ btrLnueJ the Finlhury 
archers rro;n tlic iiime curiolity which 
Ovid nllrihes to Penelope*. 

In the fuccecdiu^ reign of Queen 
Anne, I hiivc been informed by Gen. 
C>L',lctlio!pe, tiwit, together with the 
Ui^kc ot Riitlaiiii and I'ever.-il other-^ ot 
conlliiciablt laiik, he ul'ed frequently 10 
Jhoot in the fieivji'^o-jrhf^od ol London. 

^ <( Poiiclope jovRiium vires teotabat ia 
** arcu, 
«' (^li latus a'-jucret cori:eus arcus 
<« erat." 


!^erutt Sti $$tit^tiii $f ^lurith 


I do not prefumc to guefs the 6eneral't 
age ; but he mud he adTaaced in years, 
as he was aid*de<*camp to I'rlnce Eogene 
of SaToy, and (lill continues to haAdle 
lii^ bow iti fuch a manner that there it 
little doubt but that he would diftin* 
.^ifh himfelf in this Ihanly ezercife*. 

1 do notfindy in the archives of the 
Company, any memoranda of confe* 
qucncc aurinff the reign of George the 
Fir ft; but till the ^ear 17 c 3 targets 
were ere6led in the Fmfbory fields dur- 
ing the Eafter and Whitfun holidays, 
when the heft (hooter was (tylcd captain 
for the cnfuing year; and the fecond, 
lieutenant. Ot thcfe there are only two 
sow furvlving, viz. Mr. Benj. roole 
and Mr. Philip ConHable^ who have 
frequently obtained thefe titles. The 
former of thefe is now rather aged and 
infirm ; but the latter hath been {o 
obliging as to ihew me mod of their 
marks m the Fmfbury fields, as well as 
to communicate feveral anecdotes and 
•bfenrations relative to archery. 

Mk. Urban, Baib,Jniji$. 

. A- Miftake having (lipped into your 
^tx. obituary articles or the month of 
May laft, relative to the death of Tbo^ 
mas Riddle^ Efquire, (who is defcribcd 
as the gentleman who lately fought a 
duel with the Honourable Col. Coimo 
Gordon,) left the error (hould be hurt- 
ful, and to the prejudice of the charac- 

' ter of Col. Gordon. As your Maga- 
zine is univerfally read, and refpe^lable 
as ro credit, you are rcquefted to unde- 
ceive the publick.— The nobleman al- 
luded to never had the misfurtune to 
have, during life, but one private tfim-' 
dicalimif and that was unarjoUabU, as he 
was injured, confident with the feelings 
of a gentleman and an officer. That 
fatal affair happened on the 4th of Sep- 
tember, 1783, in Hyde Park. On the 
17th of September, 1784, the Honour- 
able Colonel Cofmo Gordon furrcnder- 

Itlt. UHBAIf, . 

THE coliedor of anted'vtM tefpefta 
io|; Prefident Brad(haw may not 
Be appnfed, that, while he lived at die 
I>eanry-hou(e at Wefiminfter, he waa 
(aid to have countenanced and fuppoit« 
ed Mr. Edward Bagihaw, the fecoad 
mafter of that fchool, ag^inft Dr. Buiby» 
the head mafter.—- ^/M. p. 60). Bag- 
ihaw dedicated to the Prefident his 
** Praf^ical Difcourfe concerning God*$ 
** Decrees Oxford, 410, 1659." The 
epiftle dedicatory is addrelTed '* To the 
'' Honourable my Lord bradihaw, Lord 
" Chief Juftice of Chefter ;" and m it 
he declares how defirous he was to tef- 
tify to the world the real efteem he had 
of his Lordibip's lingular worth and 
eminence in general, and likewi(e to 
manifeft, in particular, how mindful he 
was of thofe many fignal and unpaial- 
leled marks of favour he had been pleafcd 
to confer on himfelf, &c. 

B. R. in your Ma|;azine for Decern* 
her 1783, p. 1028, wi(hek to know who 
was the author of " A Hiftory of the 
** Civil Wars of Great Briuin and Ire* 
*' land," printed in x66i, under the 
fignature of J, />* There is a reference 
to this book in Bi(hop Kennet's Regif- 
ter, p. 527; and, according to him, the 
fame letters denote a per(bn, or perfons, 
concerned in two other publications. la 
one of them, At p. 696, he is ftyled a 
friend to Henry Turberville, the author 
of '* Enchiridion, or, A Manual of 
'' Controvcrfies, clearly demonftrating 
" the Truth of the Catholic Religion,'^ 
&c. reprinted in 1686, and to which 
was then added the author's laft conrro- 
vcrfial piece in ver(e, with feveral (en* 
tences out of the Fathers, col le^ed by 
J, D. all marked with a ftar. At p. 
487, J. D, alfo occurs as the tranflator 
into Englilh of David Blondell's trea- 
tifc of the Sibyls, fo highly celebrated, 
as well bv the ancient heathens as the 
holy fatiiers of the church. In the 

€d himfelf to the laws of his countrv, margin this y» D, is mentioned to have 

and was tried for his life, by a relpeft- been J* Davis of Kidwelly*.— Peftiaps 

able jury, at the Old Bailey, who, with- the alxive hints may be a means of dil*- 

out quitting the Court, bomurahiy ac covering the name of the hiftorian 

faf//#</i&Mi, to the evident fat isfa&ion of whom your cotrcfpondent is in quell 

every perfon prefent, and the candid of. That three authors, about the 

world in general. 


* This gallant Veteran hn (ince been ar- 
refted by Death; and fcreral curious par- 
ticulars of him may be fcen ia pp. 517. 
£71. EniT. 

f Mr. Riddle*s duel was with Mr. Cun. 
niagham; fee an tecoaat of^it in tol« LI 11. 
p. 363. EpiT. 

fame time, (bould make choice of the 
(ame (ignaturc, is not very probable. 

Yours, &c. W. & D. 


to Hcarnc, J. Dtvii of 
Kidwelly publifhed, in 167X9 Mickleron's 
Account of the Ancient Riles and Monu- 
ments of the Monaftical and Cathcdcal 
Church of Durhitn. Cul'ulm, Ncubrig,'-^ 

.A inefllmhU Dljfolvent for the human Calculi » 


t. Urban, Batb, Junei>. 

. Benjinnin Colbume of Bath is a 
icntleman fo univerfalty known and 
led, that, were it not for the infur- 
n of mankind through'ouc Europe, 
lid be needlefs to fay, that he is a 
K>f ample fortune, of the utmoft 
or, and pofTcfres unbounded philan • 
f ; A^ac being bred to phytic (but 
the praftJce of which he has many 
iincc retired) he has employed his 
; hours in chemical experiments, 
ith fuch fuccefs, that he has proved, 
d a doubt, on himfelf, and on fc- 
of his friends, that the folurion of 
alkaline fait, faturated with tixible 
n\\ prevent the formation of calculi 
human bladder; nay, that calculi 
(Veeped in that folution, will daily 
)f its original weight, and be dit- 
to crumble and diUblve. The late 
io«s Dr. Dobfon, in his "Commen- 
n Fixed Air/' had conceived, that 
benefit in many diforders, and par- 
rlv in the gravel, m''i{ht be rc- 
I from the ufc of medicated waters, 
t appears that Mr. Colbume is the 
tan who has experienced, in his own 
I, tlK fuccefs of hit own difcovery ; 
iving fo done, he generoufly com- 
uited it to his friends and neigh- 
, who have been equally relieved, 
jrho were equally willing to have 
names and cafes publifhed ; which 
ily proves the efficacy of the medi- 
an a Angle patient^ or conditution, 
lat \l is fucU as a6^s on the urine of 
man l)eing!5. Mr. Colburne's owp 
the rev. Dr. Cooper, the hon. ar.d 
5. Hamilton of Taplow, of Mr. 
e, and of a fimple man of 65, who 
I not permit his name to be pub- 

(vct equally benc£ted) has been 
bed by Dr. Falconer; but publiOi- 

an Appendix to Dr. Dobfon *s 
nmentary on Fixed Air." I have, 
ore, thought it an a£l of humanity 
e the poor, as well a<: the rich, the 

of relief, by lendinp; you a ikctch 
\% valuable difcovery ; and it will 
be in every man's power either to 
re the folution himlclf, or Xo pur- 
it at a very moderate price; and 
nay be furc that this is fent to you 
the fame good dcfien that it was 
unicaied by the dilcoverer, whofc 
ry, I have rcafon to believe, will 
ivered by many nations. Mr. - 
irne informs us, tha*: from fevcral 
accurate experiments on the human 
ns ftceped in alkaiine faltSj they 
MT. Mac< July 1785. 

wci** reduced in weight, and difpofcd to 
dilTolve ! this led him to try what cffcdt 
it would produce, by the internal ufc, im 
the urine of thol* who fufFcr from ihc 
gravel or Oone, and was agi-eeably fur* 
prifed to find that his own urine (for he 
was a fufFerer himfelf) from being tur- 
bid, and difpofcd to precipitation, be* 
came clear and of a natural colour. But 
the alkaline fahs proving difagreeablc 
and naufraring, he conrciVcd tliat fomc 
more aj^rccable mode mit^ht be contrived 
to anfwcr the lame good purp^fcs. Fixed 
air feemcd to Mr. Colburne the Ixrft 
means of fuccefs, and ex|>erience foon 
conhrmed his hopes. The alkaline folu* 
tion is thus prepared : 

Put two ounces, troy weight, of dry 
Uh cf tartar into an open canhen vetf;!, 
and pour upon it two quarts of the foftsft 
water to be had, and Oir them well to- 
gether. Let the folution (land for 24 hours, 
when the clear part mufl be poured ofi^ 
wirh care to avoid any of the rcfiduum, 
and put into the middle part of one of the 
glafs machines for impregnating water * 
with fixible air, and expoled to a (Iream 
of thu fluid : atter the water has l>etrn 24 
hours in this fituation, it will t>c fit fot 
ufe, and ihould be bottled off; well cork 
the bottles, and fct them upon their 
c(»rk«i, bottom upwards j and w^rh fuch 
care it will keep fcvcial week-. Eighc 
ounces may*bc taJ(t:M tluec times in 24 
hours without any inconvenience; hjt it 
ma^r jiC beft to' begin with a finUlcr 

It is needlefs to trouble you with the 
ca^es of the other rcfpefilahlc ^cTlcmm 
whofc names arc mtntiored abo\c; it ts 
fufficicnt to fa", thar Mr, Collju nr, by 
an almufl conf(ant ufe n\ rbis medicine^ 
enjoys better healih an J better fpiritti 
though confidcrably turned of 60, than 
he had eyp::ri ^nccd for 20 yciars before, 
and ncvLT 1.^ . any fymptoms of gravel or 
(lone but when he happens to negle^^ 
(as is fomctimes the cafe when tron 
home) his accuflomcd folution. It ap« 
ptars alfo th^it the other gentlemen whofe 
names are mentioned, and a lady of Bath 
alio, who fi-om delicacy, not fiUy^ has 
with-hcld her name alfo, have all expe- 
rienced the wonderful efFe6ls of this very 
impvi^ai.t difcovery. Had this medicine 
Ixjn difcovcred by a praftifing and p\o- 
felVtonal man, there is not a doubt but ic 
would have made his fortune: or, in- 
deed, bad Mr. Colburne tccretly com- 
municated it to loine medical fntnd, and 
no doubt he ha^ many, it m\x% io that 


502 Natural Phanomimn at Newton in Glamorganfliire. 


cafe 9 have enriched an Indiviiluil. But Half a mile from the aboire, towards 

he has generouily given ic for the good Bridge-end river, is a fine fpring, called 

of all mankiody (^wcd them how to Prince's WelU. which does not ebb and 

prepare' ir, and kovr to ufe iti and, flow, but ri let from under the hill, an« 

therefbie, I JleCreii; |D be tiniverfally ex* forma a brook, which empties itfelf into 

tended in ybur ufefiil and entertaining the Briftol channel. 

Mapzine. I am^ Sir, your conflanc The fepulchral monument between 

reader and friendi Folyxena* Margam and KvnBg has lately lieea 

r. S. Mr Cclbuine it father-in-law placed upright near a gate leaditig dowa 

to :he very rcf^^^lable member for New- a chafeway (which gives ic too much the 

caftle, Sir Matthew White Ridley. appearance of a niile (lone ){ il mtJifurcs 4 

fett 8 inches high, i foot 8 inches wide 

Particulars nlative to tbe Natural Hlf- on the fide, and r foot 4 inches in frcnt, 

tory of the yillagi qf liic^toxi m Gia- where the infcription ik. Mr. Wvnd- 

morganlhire. ham, in his " Tour rhrouc;h Wales ," 

TH£ villai^e of Newton in Glamor- has given the infcription wrong; it if 

ganfliire 18 fituated on the fouth n«t pvNrElv& carantorivs, but tho 

(ide of the Bri(\ol channel, between Cuw* fame as in the lalV edition of Camden, 

bridge and File, four miles from tha The i. in 'roriu-: is one of thr pli:ri(l 

latter, where a lodging-houfe for company letters of the infcription. bee the arjiw* 

is opened the .firfl of May during the ing, fig. s, uken on the fpot, Feb. 1 7^S| 

bathing feaJon ; the beach is a fine land, and, tor a fuller account, Camclen's U{^ 

and very convenient for the purpofe of edition. 

bathing; company are accommodated The antient crofi in Margam- ftreetl 

with breakfail, dinner, tea, and fupper, fuppofed to have been an altar, flood 

for the trifling fum of one guinea a fbroe few vtars hack in the fooc-Mth by 

week, and half-price for fer>-ants. Upon the road fide; it is now removed a feW 

the beach are a variety of fliells and ma- yards from the fpot, ami placed by the 

line plants; among tne former you find wall of a cottage, being a greater ,fecuri« 

plenty of the echinus or fea hedge-hdg, ty for its prcfervation, at well as remov- 

irochus or tojp, hermit crahs, and the ing it more out of the way. . The crofa 

gurpuro-buccmum (of DaCofla,p. 1x51 (lands upon a pedcftal, the front of 

uccinum lapillus of Pennant, Bri. Zool. which, two parts out of three, is, as 

N° 89, tab. 7^9 Ak« S9} puirple whelke, well as the crofs, covered with knots and 

the fi(h of which has a vein, if pricked, fret-work; as to chara£tcrs, near the fi- 

and a pen dipped in, will mark linen 1 gure, I faw none. On the top part it 

tlie colour is a yellowiih white, but when ma go very plain $ what is the meaniojg 

dried in the fun changes to a fine crim- of it I know noL See the plate, fig. i» 
fon or purple, and will never walh out. 

Among the plants, lavcr is found in Mr. Urban, 7«^4- 

great plenty, which, in the winter ^r^ HE three following letters, com mu« 

months, is potted and fent to town. -L nicated pro bono publico by the iata 

.channel, and about two or three hundred 

yaids from it. What is very cxtraordi- ,, To Dr^ D u c A R E L. ' 

nary, when the tide is hightfl the well is s i R, Lomdon-Houfe^ Aug. 6, 1743. 

lowcfti and, on the contrary, when the WITH much plcafurc and gratitude 

tide is at its greateft height, you defcend I received your lall favour, and beg your 

from the entrance A; down 13 flcps, to acceptance of the trifles which attend 

the water; wlien the tide it at the loweR, this, till I have worked off my other 

\u(cii by the inliabitants in fummerjall have been done to obftruf^ Mr. Rowncy's 

the other wells are aftcfted by the tide, ele£kion to that high poft, enjoyed tor- 

. and Ucomc brackifli. The inhanitanis, merly by none Icfs than nobles. I had ic 

■ many years fince, furxounded it with a u^any years in MS. but put no great va- 

. circular ftone building abou: ten Utx. . 

high, which is now open at top : the • Qg. On what occafioa was thia ** fU» 

l>eps are entirely enclolcd, fee fig. 3; but port" printed^ fiair* 

skvy uc fliewa In the fe£iioDj fig. 4* 1m« 


3 V A a 


/ i 

(hiiiiB^g TtmhiT fmid in thi Ifle of Mtm 505 

lue aa tlie ontory. Q^ Where is the ciety of Antiquaries in London* Thefe 

BVtlfic-fdliool buildingy and at whofe ex* queries I am now anfwering as far as 

peQce, the public, or private > An an- they concern my pariih and fome adja* 

Swcr At your leiiure would much oblige cent parts. He had from me a prcuy 

Your humble fervanty good co11e£Hon of miteiials, which will 

R. RaWLimsoV. much afliiV him; and I hope we (hall, 

■ I within the compafs of a year at moft^ 

t. 9V Dr* D'tl e A R* B L. have his Hiflory of Mans a place of too 

Pear Sift IfiiffMam^QS^ 21, i774* much confeouence to be left unnoticed^ 

YOUR pleanng favour d^me duly to or fo (Irangeljr mifreprefented by dabblers 

fcand ; and I am much obliged to you for in hidory as it has been. With grateful 

thinking fo much of me as to give me an acknowledgements for your kind remem- 

cftra£^ from Peere Williams relative to brance, as well as pafl favours, I remain* 

appeals from this illand. Sir^ your much obliged humble fervant^ 

At to the queries you put, whether James Wilk|^« 

the two kinds ot bog timber fent you are . .. 

found on a level, or in different ftratas of ^^ ^^.^ g ^^ 

ibil; and what the particular depth of ^* ' ' •'^* 

each ? Sir, Kochtfitt^ Majf 1 8, i78|. 

Mf'WiT. They are generally found on BY the dciire of my worthy friend 

a level, but in different kinds of fdl; Br. Ducarel, I be? leave to fend you an 

l)ie trvutn modly in a bluiih loam or account of a fingular difcovery, made by 

clay, and the Uach in a bed of peat or accident, in the pariih churca of Chat« 

turf: and botti are found in different ham, in the diocefe of RocheHer ; a 

depths; fome near tht furface, and fome church wherein, from i(s appearance, no 

three or four feet deep, or more : and I one would expc£t any thine of the kind ; 

am of opinion, that tnc difference of co- as it prcfents, in oiher refpe£ls, hardly 

lour is owing folely to the foil they are any thing worthy the attention of the cu* 

found in \ and it is remarkable, that the rious or the antiquary. 

Ikort fmooth-jgrained pieces fent y0U In repairing a pew belonging to the 

are always of^the fame colour in all mafter-builder of Chatham-vard, fitu« 

kinds of foil. ated on the fouth fide of the cnancel, the 

As to the remaining part of your workmen found, in the wall to which ic 

«uery, whether a nortion of the black joined, fome lool'e bricks which ob« 

timber, if unpolimed, would not be flruded their work ; and being thereby 

more farisfa6Vory than in the prefent (late, led to examine the place goore attenti%'e- 

as to afcertaining .the fpecies of timber ? ly, they perceived a conAderable part of 

Ampwer. Would not breaking one of the wall unfound, and neceilary to be 

rbe poliihcd flicks anfwer this quedioo ? uken down and re-built, in order to 

But, if 3*ou be inclinable to have a por- compleat their work. In doing of this^ 

nott thereof in any (late, rt -ihall be im- they found that what they thought to be 

mediately fent you, as I have abund- the wall of the church was only a facing 

ance thereof by me,- partly foiind in an of bricks plaflered over, to fill irregula* 

old cabin I pulled down, and panly rities in the original wall ; which, when 

from fome dug out of one of my bogs cleared of this extraneous matter, prc- 

this feafon. ^ fented the difcovery.I am going to men« 

I had the pleafi^^ of being introduced tion. 
to Captain Grofc, Meifrs. Lort, Pennant, It was a cavity in the wall about 8 feet 

and uie other gentlemen of the party wide and xo feet high, formed entirely 

who f ifited our iiland laft Auguft. 1 of flone, very much refembling that ufed 

aondjf^ed Mr. Pennant^ who is very cu- in the building of the cathedral church 

rious, ^through fome of our bogs^ and of Rocheflcr, divided into three feats by 
Jbewed him the different kinds of rimber flcndcr partitions, which had been dc« 
found there, fome of them in the phs, flroyed, fome traces only now lemaining 
oanly dug up ; and afterwards efcorfed of them. The majtir part of tlie top 
Mm through the remainder of the ille he was alfo dcflroyed, which Teemed to me, 
had not fecn before he reached my houfe. and others that were prei'cnt, to have o« 
He intends favouring the public with a riginaily projected foiticwhat out of the 

hiftory of this idand ; and to chat end has ^,._.«.... ._ 

fent fevcral gentlemen a orintcd iheet of ♦ Rev. Mr. Wilks, ficarrgeneral of the 
§ncricS| oii^oally publiucd by the So« Jilc of .Qian. 


Singular Antiquities in Chatham Church. 

wall i but of this we could not be cer- 
tain. Whatever dire^ion or form it 
had been of» we could plainly perceive^ 
by fome fragmenra that 1 have now in 
my po(rc(!ion, that it mufY have been e*. 
leeantly carved. Ti)e back part^ of 
thefe (eat^ arc entire^ not the leafl inuti* 
1:ited, reprefenting delicate branches of 
«ak, vine, and other trees, with their 
liruit on, and interfperfed with the 6* 
gure^s of various birds and animals, fuch 
as fquirrels and apes* &c. (ictinj^ on the 
branches. But what more p:;rticularly 
'Cog'a^ed my attention uas rhc foliage of 
"tbofc trees, which was Wautiful beyond 
•ipreifion, but different in the three 
compartments or feats. Such an uncxpc£t- 
cd and uncommon difcovery, exceeding 
every thing of the kind in this neigh- 
bourhood, foon brought together fevera! 
fpe^tatorsy wlo were no lefs furprizcd 
fnan delighted with the ohjt6l ; and, 
among the reft, myfelf, who am the of- 
ficiating minil^cr of ibe parilh { who, 
from the pleafure it atfonied me and 
tvery one prefent, wa« willing that fome 
means might he contrived to keep the 
place open Un the infpt£li(>n and entcr- 
tainn^ent of others : and therefore recom- 
mended, in lip room of another facing 
of brick, to have an arch thrown round 
it, to ftcurc the building above, which 
fcemcd to be 'oofe, and to want feme fup- 
port. Unfortunately the churchwardens 
W' :<' not of the fame opinion with niy- 
felf, and therefore ordered the place to 
be clofrd up as before, to my no (mall 
mortification, and the lofs of a preat deal 
of pleafure to fuch as are dclighied with 
the venerable views of anticnt ingenuity. 
From the idea 1 hare. Sir, endeavour^ 
cd to give yoti by this defcription, I am 

' ceitain you have already pronounced it 
to be a confedionary, or confeffional, 
general Iv found in cathedral churches, 

' and exactly fituated as this is. That in 
the church of Rochcflcr is fo ; but infi- 
nttelv inferior in point of workmanfbip 
to this. It waft mo(V prohahlv contem- 
porar) with the church, eit£led fome 
time in the fourteenth century, and in- 
tended for the reception of the bilhop and 
bis two alitrf)brs, moft likely, at the 
confecration of the church, and other 
epifiopal vifitations. But of this I can- 
not pretend to determine \ therefore muft 
b ave it to your fa^acity and that <»f my 
good frierid Dr. Ducarel. I have the 
burour to be, S<r, your obliged aod 
ngft obedient humble (exfanr, 

}ii,ft. Jones. 

Spriwokto Pennio *, LiheraliuM Arr 
tium fudiofo^ GuiLlELMys SBt£* 
Lius, S. D. P. 

'T^UAM, <]ua te in patria reducem 

-*- fa6^um fignificafli, juvcnis ornatifli- 

mey accept j et libens reilitum tuum in- 


♦ This amiable yonog man was the eldeft 
foo of William Penn, proprietor and govex^ 
nor of PenoHlvania. He died about three 
ycari after the date of this letter, in the aift 
yc»r of hi* age. What follows conecrning 
nim, is taken from an acco-ont of his iUneu 
and death, writreo by his father. 

•* My dear fon Springctt Pcnn from bit 
childhood manifefltd a dtfpoiitioD to good- 
nefs, and ^ave me hope of more than ordi« 
nary capacity ; and time fitisfi^d me in boila 
refpc£ks. For, befides a good ihare of learn- 
ing, he (hewed a' judgement in the ufe and 
application of it, much abo^e his years. Re 
h^d ilie feeds of many good qualities rifinr 
in him, that made him beloved, aod eonfe* 
qucntly lamented. 

" I>or:ng* his illnefs he frequently mant- 
fefted the piety of his mind by txpreflions of 
thankfulnefs and praifes to God. One day 
he faid to us, ' I am refigoed ; what God 
' pleaft-th ; he knows what is beft. I would 

* live if it pirafcs him, thai I might ferte 
« him. But, O Lord, not my will, but thine 
« be done !' 

*< One fpeaking to him of what might 
pleafe him when recovered, he faid, * Mj 
« eye looks another way, where the trueft 

* pleafure is.' 

*• When I faid to him one morning, * it 
« was a mercy he had reiied well 5' he rcpHcd^ 

* All is mercy, dear father, every thing it 

* mercy.* 

'* Upon telllog him how fome of the 
geocry, who had been to vifit him, were 
gone to th^ir fporis, and how little conAde* 
ration men have of their Utter end \ he an- 
fv.ered, • It is all ftuff, my dear father, ic is 

* f«d fluff. O that I might live to tell them 

** Siyiug one day, < I am refolved I will 

* have fuck a thing done,* he immediately 
fell into this reflexion with much contrition* 

* Did I fay, I will r O X,ord, forgive me that 

* irreverent and hafty exprcHion 1 I am a 

< poor, weak creature, and live by thee ; 

* therefore 1 fhould have faid, If it pleaftth 

* thee that 1 live. 1 intend to do fo. liord^ 

< forgive my ram eapreffion.' 

*' Two or three days before his icceaic he 
called his brother to him, and looking fcri* 
oiilly upon him, faid, < Be a good boy, and 

* know that there it a God, a great and 

< mighty God, who it a rewarder of the 
' righteous, and fo be is of the wicked \ but 
^iheir rewarda are ott the- lime. Hawe a 


tiHir fr9m Dr. Seveley U Springett Penit« ^ ' $05 

coltrmem uiteltexi, non autcm nuncium liiTenies podrema prioribns multo iu« 

de matiis tua sgritudinc, cui mcliortm cundiora. Scilicet habent literarum flu* 

▼aletudinem ex, animo precor, et quam dia, feu mufae ^quas virgines eiP: at* 

zntmo licet ignotatn, facis fupcrque per- tint) nefcio quod incentivum, quo ad al* 

fuafus, ex his quae fublnde audivi, (in* tiora non fegniccr, fed fumma cum ala<- 

gularis exempli earn effe marrooam. crirate impellimur. Hie taroen fpe6lan« 

At ecquis Italics, Belg^csque linguae dum, quod femper et ubique expedite mr 

araor tibi etiamnum durat? ecnuid in lis qtddnimis\ quippe, quod caret alterna. 

profecifti } an potius l^atinz eloquentiae requie durabile non eir. et quae nimiutii 

adhuc operam das ? Si poftremum prae- diligimus, ea tandem effli^imdeperimus, 

cipue tibi cordi (]t, macre tua virtute; et pene infanientisinftar extollimus. Sic 

nam nihil tarn aire nacura conflituit, telle igitur bonx literae amandae, ut eas potius 

Cortio, quod virtus non poflit eniti. per vices pro ' obIe£lamento habeamus^ 

Qux cum ita fmr, cur non gnaviter quam totam aetatem in iif agendo eo dc« 

ihidiis incumberes ad aflequendum intel- mum pervadere, ut aliorum quae maxi* 

Ie£lum eoruni qui non fofum nicide, fed mi momenti funt, nobis fordeat cura ct 

ct (lylo pauIo abflrufiore fcripferunt. prorfus viiefcai $ quod vereor utiquejaa 

Cum eoim prima fundamenta jam fatis multis in fortem cecidcrit. 
firmiter tibi jafla funt» baud defperan- At quid ego haec ad te, cut parens eft 

dum, fed (Irenue adnicendum, praefertim pius fan^ et prudens, qui bona virtutum 

dum virt't aetas, viget memoria^ et vires lemina tibi ingerenco, eximio fuo exem« 

florent; ut integram tandem folidannque plo prxiretibi non dcfinit. Perge igitur 

linguae Latinae nodtiam nancifcaris. At ut caepif^i, et Latini (Timor um fcriptorum 

hoc (ine frequenti^ tmo pene adidua prae- le6^ioni te alTucfcas, ut lludiorum tuoruoi 

ftantifHrnorum authorum le£lione baud mellem reportare denique poflis noacoa* 

comparatur, ideoque quandam quail mo- temncndam. Vale, 
lefliam habere vidctur. Verum quid re- Atnftihdamo, vi kalends NovemB^ 
fen! Juvenis es, firmus es, et clalocxciu. 

Dulcia non mcruli qui non guftavit amarac 

Omnem ergo labcrcm fpernc, et tunc r^u'J^Vu^'- ^^ "• 
^ ^ ^ 'T*HE following papers were tran* 

« care of idle company, and love good com- r* fcribed from a mifccUaneous coilcc 

« panjr, aod ihe Lord will bicfs thee. I have tion in the Britifh Mofcum. It does 

« feea fiood things for thee, if thou dofl bat not app<;ar (cither from the hook itfelf, ' 
< fear God.' 6r from the Harleian Catalogue) c* 

morey breatbibg hit laft on my brcaO', be- fliall be obliged to any of your curre- 

tween the hoorsof nineandten inthe morn- fpondentt wno will favour me with a 

ing. So ended the life of my dear child and better folu.ton* 

eldcftfonj ranch of ray comfort ana hope, ^ The fame fliadow viewed at night 

and one of tHe mot tender and dutiful, as through the light of a fire appears blue, 

well as ingenious and viituoos youths, I but not of (o deep or vivid a colour, 

knew. In whoa I loft all that any father T mm ^r Q fS 

can lofe in a child j fince he was capable of * ^ ^ ^* 

•ny iliiiig chat became a fober young man : g. •.,• , •.• r * t 

my fiiend and companion as wcU as motl af- „ ''Whereas upon the petition of Joha 

Mkionace foD. Ranfon, keeper of his Majeibc's houfc 

- May this loft have its due weight upon ^f records and evidences, called St. Ma- 

an his relations and friends, and thofe to "«'> Tower, at York, I am icformcd 

whofe hands this accoout may come, for that the coucher books of (he monaileriet 

Ikeir repeaibrance and preparation for their >od abbies of Monk Bretton^ Mcuxy 

great aad laft change r* Fouutaios^ Bi:aillUxi| Whttlb^^ I^wl^ 

5liS Curtitis Waeremi from ^f* Jiixon.—- lif^r^auMrt rf Sedgbrooke. 

Selby, Vantciv^ -|U>che, BridlineitoOf 
9tid of the cell of St* Manin* near Ricli- 
ifioDd, in the county of Yorki do now 
funuB in your fevcral cu(lodie$y through 
|be want whereof his much 
prejudiced in the revenues and Iihertie^ 
(ehnigiog to the faid late diflblved mo 
Bafteiies and abbtes, and hit fubjc6ts of- 
leBcimes put to caufelefs and unDecciTary 
liiits of law, which otherwife might be 
determined and decided with lefs expencc 
cf money and lofs of time, if the faid 
coucher books were remaining in a pub* 
Ittk office, where every man might havft 
free acceis to come unto them at their li- 
licnkt and plcafufcs $ which faid books 
aie conceived neerly and^ properly to be 
the king's records and evidences, and not 
of any private fubjeft, of what eilate or 
condition foever* Thcfc are, therefore, 
to will tnd require you to deliver unto 
die faid John Kanfon fuch coucher book 
and books of the monafteries and abbies 
nibrefaid as ihall remain in vour cufto- 
Acs, betwixt this and the feafl of the 
bmh of oujr Lord God next coming, to 
nmatne in the faid houfe of evidences 
amoogft ^e red of his Ma}e(\ie'& records, 
•s weU for the ufe and benefit of his Ma- 
jeitie at of hit fubje£t8y as occafion fliall 
>eauire. Hereof fail not, as you will 
tuMwer the contrary at your perils { and 
that you and every of^you refpc6iively 
%ake nouce of this our current warrant 
being fliewn unto you, and a true copy 
thereof being left with you. From Fuf- 
kam-houie, the 28th day of July, 1637. 
•* Your very loving friend, 

** GuiL. JuxON, London. 
^* To my loving friends Sir Francis 
IVortley. ban. Sir William Armyn, kt. 
and bart. Sir William Alford, kt. Wil- 
liam Inglehy, efq. Sir Hugh Choleme- 
)ev, ktk Philip CooAable, efq. Thomas 
WalmeUcy^ efq. Roger Doddefworth, 
— — French, — Pepper, gents. Sir 

iamet fiillingham, kt. and Sir William 
trickiand, kt." 

Tranjcribed from a MS. book in the 
eficc of ihc treaf ury. 

N. B. The like warrants were fent to 
the lord Wharton for the book of By- 
iand, and Lord Falconberg for New* 
^urgh in Yorkihirc. 

Jixiorfed in a differPPt hand. — " This 
Wa? given me Jby Mi. Weft, who tran- 
fcribed it from Mr. Le Neve, who tran« 
icvibed it from the pffice book." 

Bari. MSS. ifii. 

deanery of Grantham, aliat of Sedgf 
brooke, with Eaft Allington, is diridoji 
into two medieties, running equally 
through both thofe places. They are 
both redorles ; but one of them a fine* 
cure, and called the deaconr>', as the 
glebe belonging to it is called the dea* 
con's glebct, and the incumbent has been 
called the dean. There is nothing due 
for him to do, but the providing the 
ringing of a hell at morning and night 
every dav^ except Sundays. And it it 
prefumea, that heretofore, for that and 
the like miniflerial purpofcs, a deacon 
was appointed from the neighbouring 
abbey of Newbo, to whieh tlie proBtt of 
this mediety was appropnated. Since the 
Heformauon, the donation of both rec« 
tories has been in the crown. 

The church is a fair country parilh 
church with a large chancel, which openi 
on each fide into a place or buildidg add- 
ed thereto, and deigned, the one on the 
north fide for a burial place for the ab« 
bey aforementioned; the other, on tlie 
fouth, for a burial place for the family of 
the Markhams. It was built, if not the 
whole church, in Edward the Fourth*a 
days, by Sir John Markhara, that excel- 
lent peilon, whom Fuller, in his ** Holy 
State,'* gives for the example of the up« 
right judge, having lod the place of lord 
chief juflice of the Common Pleas for hit 
inteerity. ' After which lofs he retired 

to this place, and, fequcftering himfelf 
from the world, he fpcnt his lad days in 
devotion in a chamber which he made 
over this burial place. There remains J 
chimney in the wall, fome ends of joifts, 
and other marks that juilify this traditioui 
As do alfo tlie many bafons for holy wa< 
ter, and other marks of devotion, accord< 
ing to the humour of thofe times, ftev 
'the piety of his difpofition. And Go€ 
hath blcfTed him witn a worthy poftcriiy 
that have been all along remarkable foi 
their judice, honour, and goodncfs, am 
have been for fome defcent^ dignified witl 
the title of a baienet." 

Harl.MSS. 68aa. 

^Tke fsaifk id Scdgbrookc ip the 

Mr. Urban, 

THE following Love Letter in prof 
and verfe, , written by a GloucelUr 
(hire Divine about, a century and a ial 
ago, is very much at your fervice, if yoi 
think the infertion of i^ in your Mifccl 
lany will afiiwd any aroufement to you 

S. L. 
•« A Itttc 

m » 

tmH^LitfiTj written fy a doucefterflihc Dhnne^ yjf 

A letter erf thanks to Mrs. Eliza* iignif^ your prime and floutiflitn^ ^art^ 

bcth Brooks, that prefcDteci me with that time andf age have made so urrinkle 

two apples. Dor furrow on vour brow, but that you 

Mrs. Brvehf are like the griifing dreams in calm wea- 

may jullly bs dccmM a folecifm in ther, whofe waters are without ail man« 

bip> and very prepoflerous, if not ner of roughncife. 

a p» * siin prefumption, to fend • letter to The fweetncfTe of the tafte did put 

an ajanknown perlon ; whereas indeed Ti- me in mind of your good temper, that 

fit^ (hould precede epiilles* But be it you are like a tru': turtle without a gall^ 

fo» yet I know you carry fo much can- unacquair.tcd wicii morofcntflc, but aiU 

do ^^ T in your bread to remit an acknow- ways atfable, and of good humour, noc 

led f^'d error. Some, no doubt, may inflexible, bur of great tendernetfe, and 

tht r^ Ice it proper eno' to write Hrd, be- a becoming compliance. 

foarc^ they come tO an interview, that The coat, by which the inward Tub- 

thcT-« may be fome way made for dieir (lance was prore6^ed. was fo thin to ad<- 

beeper acceptance and more eafy carrying miration, that it pot me in mind of the 

on iltdrdedgn. Words written, being finenefle of your (kin, fo tranfparent and 

th^ fentiments of the mind, differ not diaphanous,* if s if it were ambitious to 

inx^Gh from' thofe that are viva *voci dc ^ve the advantage of a profped to tlie 

IW c red, in relation to the end and aym' inward parts, or be a cafement to tlia 

of V>oth : tho' a good orator may pofiibiy heart { where no doubt doth rciide foch 

P^^' i~uade more by fpeaking hi$ rpind in vertue that may altogether corrtfpond c# 

*i^^lv rhftoricke than bv w:«ting in the exLcrnal fymmetry. 

bl«.<=^ fee and white. But, to fay the truths Tlic moyrfure of them wis fo plea- 

I xvas impatient of forbearing my (ing and palatable, that it minded me of 

^^^r^kes any longer for your kind pre- your flowry age, that you are like a 

^'Can-^, the two fair apples you fent me by young tree fuU of juice and fap, and 

'^ y good friend Mr. Smith, hy which I are fo far fiom any thin^ of decay, tha^ 

m ^.^e this interpretation unto myfelf, like the fun in its meridian glory, you 

<h^a^ I (hould not looke uppon you as are afcended to the zenith or prime o£ 

^<^^V)idden fruit. your age. And how well dotli it fuite 

^By the dcfcription of your mod eze- with your name I the pleafant Brooks 

1^^^^ perfon and features that I have do not only -fill themfelves, but fatiate 

1^^ ^ rd from fundry perfons, I cannot but fuch as drinke of their dreams, the 

i<^ ^gine yourfelf reprcfented by them in hunted Hart flyes to them to ({uench his 

^o^Yieofyour perfcftions. third, and fo can you refrefh the Heart 

*7he ripenede of them did mind me that is wounded with another ion of ar- 

oF ^'our maturity, how fit you are to be row. 

<^ WcD in by fome happy hand ; for wo- And what elfe can the fending of a 

ii^^n and fruit have fit fcafons to be ga- pair impan, but that you judge the hap- 

^^CTtd. pinefTe of your life to confid in focicty ? 

"Xheexafb mixture of the white and Fierius, in his Hieraglyphickes, com* 

^'^^ may well adumbrate arid (hadow out pares a fingle perfon to one miildone. 

^^Ibe s which indeed was one reafon you had fent a (ingle apple, I (hould 

y^^y I have not yet wayted uppon you, nave thought you irrcmovably refolved 

^^canfe I thought my eye to weake to upon a virgin date, bat now 1 give ro?- 

*^ uppon fo great a Ihine of beauty; felfe the hopes of -being the «>thet to make 

u\e fuQ qm only be fully view'd by ea* up the pair. 

C^cs. Nor can I forget how full it was of 

The nnindnede- may well fignify the fair kertiels, which are the feed to pre- 

^^rpetiiity of atie£Hon you will bedow ferve its kind ; and what may be in- 

'^ppan that perfon that diall be admitted ferred from this, but ^at you may be 

.toyoorlovri as h^retofDre etefnity was the happy mother of a numerous off- 

V d^figypcians reprefented by the hie- fpriog wnen joyned to a loving hvfband * 

iQ^vphicke and fculpture of^a circle. And the foundnelfe mud not be o- 

Att Wdi DO cod : or as time, whole in- mitied, for ofc times it happens chat fair 

ftiots are fvoceflire, was'fet forth by a apples in view have rotten coars, like tito 

fBake that received his tayl in his mouth, apples near the Dead Sea i bat tl^efe ba4 

Tbe iaoodkodSk ef them may well not the leads fpeck m piiftdre, w)iich I 

ft «A 

jo8. Lm^Litttr^ in Virfi^ frcin a GIoucefteKhire Dhtm. 

* '*• 

flid compart to the integrity and found- 
aefle of vour heartt 

And ifbWy what can T return for fo 
£gnificant a prefent ? Had I the golden 
apples that Venus gaVe HippomeneSy by 
which he overcame fwift Atalanta; or 
had I the eolden apples that were kept 
in the orcttard of the Hefperides ; or 
liad I the golden apple that Paris once 
had when he was made umpire between 
Juno, Pallas, and Venus ; I (hould foon 
JTwerc there never fo many fair coropeti- 
tors) adjudge it unto you* as that urn* 
pire did to Venus, 

But I fcare I am tedious, and there* 
fore beg your pardon for it, and for the 
holdneiTc cf this firfl addrcQe by letter ; 
the next muft be by a perfonal vifit at 
Twiford, where I (hali ccnainly 6nd not 
•n^y fuch embellilhmcnt in the degrees 
tforefaid, but alfo muche beyond ity as 
the Arabian Qjieene told Salomon^ and 
that not halfe was reported to 

Your admirer and humble fenrant." 

The L I T T X m verHfied. 

A vifit to precede a letter 

Id coartihip feemeth to be better, 

Efpecially when 'tit feot o*er 

To one that ne*er was feen before. 

Bttt yoo have candour in your breaft 

To pardon error when confefL 

Yet fome affirm a letter nay 

Be ufeful firft to make the way. 

Both ofeful, but the tongue can heft 

Speak the love ihat*s in the breai^. 

The twdfair apples that yoo fent 

Make me my gratitude to vent. 

The ripeneft of them feem*d to vye 

With yoo for jour maturity : 

Women and fruit will fooi^ be wither'd 

If they ftay too long ungather*d. - 

The colours of the white and red 

Are in your face difcovered, 

That when I come I feare the ihtne 

Of it will quickly dazzle mine ; 

For only eagles, we are cold, 

Can ftedfaAly the fun behold. 

The roundneflfe of them fignifye 

Your love with perpetuity, 

As ringi and circles do portend 

Btemity without an end. 

The fmooihoeflfe of them plainly (how 

There is no wrinckle on your brow* 

Alfo the fweetneflc brings to min4 

That you* re of difpofitipn kind. 

The coat, diaphanous and thin. 

Hints at the fineneiTe of your (k^n^ 

Made by fuch a curious an. 

As if a cafement to your hearty 

Where doth inward virtue lye. 

To aofwer outward fymmeiry. 
. . Tb« moyftore thews your age to be 
I But yet lA adokCcency y 

Like a young tree, tis your good hip 

To be full of juice and Tap ; 

Toft Nke a brook full to the brinke. 

That fills itfelf and all that drinke, 

Whether the wounded hart doth fly 

To take off his aridity. 

That th' apples that were fent were t««b 

Plainly points at nut and ym* 

If yon a finglc one had fent, 

I had gueft at your intent. 

That you would never married mtf 

But ftiJl retained yirginity. 

The kernells, that preferve its kind^ 

May call your fruitfulneffe to mind x 

In th' orchard of Hefperides 

Never founder grew than ihefc \ 

The' oft it's feen that they before 

The eye are fair have rotten core* 

As prels'd out eno' there is 

Neare the lake Afphaltitis ; 

This uncorruptnefie (hews to xam 

Truth of hearty integrity. 

For fuch a prefent what Jhall I 

Prefent again^ how gratify ? 

Did I the golden apples keep 

Were flung before Atlanta's feety 

bx that which Paris gave the queen } 

Worthy of ^\\ I'd you efleenu 

TbaSf as a prologue to^a play^ 

Or Harbinger unto the day. 

So this letter eomes to yoo 

From him that longs to have a TieW* 

Where I iball find not only what 

Was faid was true, but 'al^ that 

Twice more merit to mine eye 

Appear'd than tx> mine ear did flye* 

Mr. Ueban, 

AMONG the various anecdotes 
ceming Milton and his work.s^ 
which have lately been repeated, I have- 
not feen mentioned a circumllaoce wor- 
thy» I thinky of being remembered^ 
which is, tlie burning of his writings fa^ 
the univerfity of Oxford, ^is learned 
body, it feems, in the reign «r Cha. JUL 
thought fit to give a demooftration of 
their loyal and monarchical principles by 
a public decree, condemning to the 
flames the works (I fuppofe only in part) '^ 
of Milton* Buchanan, and Hobbcs. X 
learn the fa6t from a poem in the Mufk 
Jftgluiune^ vol II. entitled, Dicritum 
Oxomiinfe Anno 1683. It is eafy to con* 
ceive what pieces, theological and politi- 
cal, brought down this fentence upon 
him. Buchanan was obnoxious from hit 
treatife Di Jure Rigtd oj^ud ScoicSf in 
which be, according to this veriifiery 

Jus regum angufti contraxxt limke gyru 

The crime of Hobbes was, I beHevc^ 

writing his Lsvimiban* ^ That ihk fiiould 

. ht the mode of rsfutation pra£tifed In fo 


$fihi lAft 9f rnw Pun.^riilfHi Mr ihi ff^trd purpnreus. 50^ 

kI 1 fita •ftbi Mufes, mvf feem 
Ltraordinaiy ; but the Oxonim 
ppeal to kanied authorities for 
ethod of argumentation % and no 
call in quellion their prmdiHCi in 
', as all thefe famous champions 
W9 demJ, .The author of the 
toh, in fplendid terms, the dig- 
greatnefs of the cntcrprize. 

bnt laudesy •mmonalefqoe triamphi, 
ellofici facras quB protegis arcei. 

le does not fail to breathe a pious 

It it were poflible to infli« the 

niihinent upon the writen, is 

ir works. 

B O fi fimili, qnicnnque h«c (crip- 

rit aathofy 

obuifler. eodemque arferit ignc 1 

▼ideas Uamma crepirante cremari 

UM, terris coeloqoe inamabile no^ 


"quanquam O" is worthy of 
ol of Dominic or Loyola, and, 
> contributed greatlv to the ap- 
1 (hewn to the piece by its infcr- 
this academical colle£^ion. Ic 
however, be wondered at^ that 
ds of Enflifh liberty Ihould re* 
ih jealouiy and averfion a party 
>f (lamping their public fan£iioii 
dments like thefe. I know not 
this poem ftill continues to dif- 
e colle£tion* I copy from the 
f I7at. 

ot my intention, Mr. Urban, to 
(lium upon a feminary which, I 
ng to believe, now inculcates 
:rent principles ; but I think it 
r be ufelefs or impertinent to ex- 
he public, in their true colourst 
gnity and meannefs infeparable 
arty fpirit. I am, Sir, &c. 

Att old CorrtJponditU 


t correfpondent S. H* p. 3271 
ccafe to " wonder** at my omit* 
d Ofbome among the '* barons 
efcnt reign,^' when he recolle6ts 
lord (hip was not fo " created," 
called up by writ to his father's 

and accordingly ranks from 
, 1673. '* Two generations^" 

would, in that inftance, have 
X •* accurate** than " another." 
eftcr is fpelt as I found it in the 
sgider, and in your 'Magazine, 
}. 496, ffom the Gazette 1 fup* 

may be wron^. Though peers 
etimes taken titles from tiie pa- 
of others, or that have been pre- 
. Thus Lord Walfingham it 
.'M.KQ.Julj 178^. 

fo titled from an eftate that belongs ta 
Mr. Warner ; and Cardiff is one of tbt 
ancient baronies of the earl of Pembroke* 
" Lord Mountftuart," fays S. H. " it 
the fame perfon as Lord CaiUiff.'* No 
dcvlbtj yet his mother (Lady Bute) 
whom I mentioned, is alfo> in her owa 
right. Lady Mountftuan, being fo created 
April 3, 1761. This, therefore, is M/tht 
feeond '' title only of the earl of Bute 1 
but, an Engliih barony being prior, will 
abforb that of Cardiff. The barony of Bq* 
tetourt is a barony in fee, and tnerefors 
mud be vefted in the dutchefs dowager of 
Beaufort, as iifter to the late lord. Froia 
hcr» indeed, it will defcend to the duke 
her fon. Berkfhirej as well as Suffolk* 
defcended to the prefent earl» his ancef- 
tor being the (irft earl of Berks \ m^us^ 
In this cafe, involtni mhuSk Among 
the peers ** advanced In this reign frtHii 
inferior titles," I menrioned, but, your 
printer omitted, ** two dukes/ vbu 
Monugu and Northumberland. 

Yours, C&ITO* 

P. S: The red book, I obferre, hu 
placed the duke of York mftn the duket 
of Gloucefter and Cumberland* But 
certainly he (hould be bifitri them, u 
the kine^ fons take place of his brochcrt 
by the fttt. 3 1 Hen. VIII* c io» 

Mr. Urban, Lwndon^ Jum 4^ i^St* 

IN reading Latin authors we fcarcely 
meet with any pa(fages fo obfcure at 
thofe which relate to 4U>loors. We fee 
the fame word applied as an epithet to 
fuch oppoiite thin^ \ and, confequently^ 
we fee luch oppohte meanings affiled to 
the fame word, that we are idchned to 
doubt whether the iignificarion be ** ai* 
bus an otiTm" Thus the word '' pxrpu^ 
nus** is applied to fire, air, and water* 
as well as to fwans and fnow. It fecmt* 
at. the firfl view, almoft impodible to 
fettle the idea which the ancients intend- 
ed to convey by this word» I (ball endea* 
vour to clear away part of this difficulty* 
In the firft place, it appears evidcnti]f 
that purpuras very ofun conveyed the 
fame idea with out purpfe : and this waa 
its literal and original meaning* Thus* 
•' Puq>oreo5 fl%?re»." Viro. Ocor. iv, 54, 
** Cam tibi fuccUrrit Venciis Ulcivia noftraef 
Purpureas tenero pollice range genas.** ' 

Ovid, i Amor. iV. 21. 
" Pu rpHrcos ignii." S r A r , i Acliih 1 61, 
•* Purpur-iufque pudor." 

OvtD. Amor. I. 7, 14. 

■' * « »**«M^MfcWM 

♦ The picfcnLe<iii f^JoUn), co:o .ci ui iii« 
7orh /egiment of fool, il the I5rh *ftrl of 
AiatfoUi and the iih uci ot Jlccklhim 


Critiqut tn thi Wird purptirfU8» 

In the next plaeei I iraigrae the anci* true readiDg^ I fiiould infer maeh fron 

entt thought purpurtMs properly applied hence in favour of my opinioBt fince I 

to that matter which was eminent for its fee no other reafon why a fword* which 

ihining qualities, of what colour focTCr is not ilatned with blood, ibould brcall* 

it might he : this I take to have been its ed furpunut^ except on account of its 

meuphorical or figurative meaning. 
Thus Horace, addrciling Venus, 

'* TerapcftlTiot in donora 
Pauli, puiporris ales oloribos, 
Contflabcre M«x<mi." 4 Cam. !■' 9* 

On which paffage Baxter has the follow- 

ihining qualities. Bur I am entirely in 
favour of the other reading of thii paf- 

— — cniis 
Tarptirutt fabter eervicrs : 

that is, '< the fword which was hung 

Sng note. '** Purfureym pro tulcbro poi'- ^^^^ ^he head of Damocles, drciled in 

U dictri a£uiveruntr {ytu Schol.) >^inrfy garments"— r/^w omatu amiaus. 

*• Albinovano etiam nix purpurea dlci- Horace, fpcaking ot tliofe heroes, who 

tun Qiiicquid late fplendcbat et cande- • for the greatnefs of their a6lions were rc«» 

bat per catachrcfin purpureum diccbatur : ccived into the hig;hcft heaven, thus antt« 

lllud enitti in coloribus fummum erat." cipates the deificauon of Auguftui t 

This, I think, is in general the idea ^ Quos inter Anguftut recumbent 

meant fo be conveyed by purpunus. Let 
ti» examine it in two or three palTages. 
Ovid, fpeaking of the horfes of the nin, 
has theie words : 

**< Ctaimek purpuriis can jvga demet tfnU,** 

Fafi. ti. 74. 

And in another place, 

*< Caronina fangainea dedocirat comua lane, 
fit revocant mveot folis eunds «f rwi." 

Lib. a. Amor. £leg. i. 24. 

One would think it almoft impoffible 
to reconcile the two epithets, purpurgcs 
and HsveoSf which are here applied to the 
faYnc animals by the fame perion. How* 
ever, I think the paflages may be per- 
fe^ly underOood by confidering Baxter's 
explication of purpunus* I am per- 
fuaded that the poet, alluding to the ap* 
•pearancc of the fun itfelf, meant to fay, 
' that the horfes made a bright, (bining, 
and /fplendid figure \ and this without 
wiihing to point out an 
lour. I am the more 

Pa^pureo bibit ore nedtr.'* 3 Carm. liL ix« 

It is well known that Augufhis's vanity, 
led him to imagine that his eyes beamed^ 
forth light after the manner in which 
Apollo is defcribed. This weaknefii 
Horace here flatters : the purpurgum as 
means that radiant countenance^ that 
** quiddam di*vim vigoris,*'' which Au* 
£u(lus imagined he fo peculiarly poC* 
lefTed. In tlie fame flrain of flattery v1r-k 
gil fpeaks of iEneasj the repKfenutive 
of Auguflus X 

— « Hand iUo (Apollo) fegnior ibit 
JEneas ; tantam egregio decus enitet ore.*' 

... i^- H<^ 

And again ; 

** Os homerofqae dec fimilis. Kamqae iff% 

' ^ (Venus; decoram 
Cxfariem ntto genltrix, lumenqae juventae 
Purpureum ; ec Istos ocalis afllarat honores.** 

IV. 150. 

y panicular co- . J" thefe pafTagcs /irr^ifW/ fcems, ag 

inclined to be of ^^•^' to fignify fple ndid, fhiwng. With 

this opinion, bccaufc Val. Flaccus, fpcak- I7. '*"*® figmfication, Ovid, fpeaking of 

ine of the fame horfes, calls them «' ni- ^*'*^» ""* ^^^ purpurtus. 

UHtes gques," lib. v. 415. Ovid has 
•« dUm purpureum 5" •nd Virgil and Ti- 
bullus, ** purpureum t/e'r." (Ovid. 
.3 Faft. 5i8,> Virg. Ed. ix. 401 Tibul. 
iii. 5. 4*) 1 fee no other way in thcfe 
pafTages of tranflating purpureus except 
^ fplcndid, Ihining." 

In Ferfius are the following lines t 

'* Cum vcro faciem demto nudaverat sre« 

Purpareufque ■ - 

Terga premebat equi." Mat, viii. |2, 

To the above examples, which I hare 
brought to prove the meaning of purpm^ 
reuSf 1 ihafi add an argument from Ko« 
dcllius. Why fhould not purpureus^ 
fays he, fignify Ihining, iincc " fimiJi 

..^ (• Magis auratis pendens laqoearibUi •ratione multa vocamus aurea, in quibUa 
' •5»ri nihil eft, pneter pulchritudinem ct 

nltorem ?** 

Havinc;,,in fome meafure, pointed out 
by the jforcgoing examples the meaning 
ot purpureus, I .(ball here attempt to 
acci»unt for its figurative lignification. 
The word " purpureus*^ is derived from 

PertureM fubter cervices termit *.'* 

• Fat. m. 40. 

Did 1 imagine en/s purpureus to be the 

* Periius hert alludes to the well-kDOwn 
ftory of Damocles, over whofe head a naked 

fwotd was hung ny a Angle horfchair by or- purpura, and was originally applied to 
der of Dionyflaa t^ tyiant* See Cic* Tufc, (hac which poiTclTed tUc qualiue& of the 
<bia!ll. Ilk. V. • iurpurm. 

Jai^hitifm^ Us Teniiwey.^^^ArtifiM Magfuk Mieheir/ Right. 511 

purpwrtu Thi$ pmrpMra was a fpeckt of cation of his wretcbecl tnean^rpirited fuc* 

ihcA-fiOiy within whpfe beajd is the liquor celTor ? Lee any fenfibky difpaiTioDate 

ufcd in dying purple. Now purple ear- many diveiling himfelf of prejudice a- 

ments were the marks of the hi^heft dig* gainfl prelbyterians and republicans, re« 

■itiesy and were worn by princes and vicwtheStuart reigns with an impartiality 

kings, and aUo by the chidf Kuman ma- and cand«ur greater than Harris, Hume, 

giftrates. It is hence their writers ufe or Macaulay poHefs, and tell us, 

fuffur^ to exprefs the bigheft offices, at wherein confid the merits of their admi- 

well as the perfons who were dignified > ^lidrations, or what bleilings we owe to 

with thefe offices*. When, therefore, thero,exceptthatoppreilion,whichmaketh 

purfurs thus defiated from its literal to wife men mad, taught or ought to teach 

a figuratire fenfe, it was likely thatjpvr- us the true value of liberty ; and, then 

purnn ihoold alfo alter its fignification ; let him, draw a fair comparifjpn betweeii 

and that when purpura came to (ignify theal and the princes ot the houfes of 

that which was fplendid and remarkable Oranjge or Brunfwick, and apply it to thQ 

for itt fuperior diflin^ions, turpuniu happmefs of our prefent enjoyments, 
alfo would then be applied to tnat which 

was poffefTed of /^//r diftin£lions. Hence Mr. Urban, 

I think the reafon why, among the La- T^ ROM an ambiguity in dating the 

tins, purpwrtuf was applied to fuch dif- X^ year according to the old flyle, the 

faent, nay oppofite things, fince it was readers of Mr. Canton's life in the new 

aightly faid of whatcrer liad a fplendid edition of Biog. Brit, may be led to 

and fliining jppearance. ** Quicquid think that his experiments were prior to 

late fplendebat purpureum dicebatur ; Mr. Micheli's <* Tra6t on artificiiU Mag* 

illud cnim in coloribus fummuoi erat." ■ mtSy publifhed in the beginning of the 

O. £• year 1750, including a method of ob* 

Mr. Urbaii, tainiog magnctil'm by means ot iron 

WHEN I read of men of fenfe and bars. The truth is, Mr. C's expcri- 

emdiuon, like Mr. Sam. Welley, ments were not fliewn to the Royal So* 

retaining Jacobitical attachments fo long . ciety till the January following (vi%. 

after the abdication of the houfe of Stu- Jan. 17, 1750-1), he being elc£led F.R.S. 

art, I am led to aik one iimple qucfUon^ near ten months before. Neither is ic 

mmt Miatmtt Umtwt ntbt houfi cfStutrtf true that Mr. C. kept back the publica- 

Had the unfortunate Queen of Scots "on of his experiments from tendernefs 

afccnded the throne of fiSgland, it is ^^^'' Knight,, till he was perfuaded by 

iiiore than probable that French councils, Mr. Folkes not to with-hold a difcovery 

or thofc dawningG of arbitrary power «f J"^** ?'^"^*L""i>»'''' any pnvatc 

which her fon difcovered, would^have confideration. Mr. M.s pamphlet had 

exerted themfelves as ftrongly as they did iV'"^"'*^*" ^^^ ''^*'^*' difcovery public, 

in her grandfon, whom we pity, becaufe Mr. C.'s experiments are fo nearly the 

his fubjefts couia find no other way of ^^^^ with Mr. M. s, that no one. who 

ridding themfehes of his tyranny than by ^lil take the trouble of comparing them, 

• ^ ^ •• » • *./ V . -^ can doubt whcoce they were borrowedc 

Cha n. delivered this country from the »"«P"«*^^ ^>l"n 'Jo *^» f nends in London, 

horrors of fanaticifm and anarchy , but «'» he exhibited them to the Ro> al Soci- 

what did it fubftitutc in their room that "X ^ith a httJe ditterf pee in the form 

W€ ihould lament his death, or the abdi- J°ly» which might not iqiprobablv be 

- borrowed from lome experiments of Du 

• Thas ** feptima purpart*' is ufcd by HamelS, with which it exaftly coincides. 

Floras for «C fepiimo confulatu," 3. xxi. 17. jn Mempires de tAcacLdti Sdeucts for 

Pliny, lib.x. at, has «« Romana purpura" ,^^j^ p, jg,^ printed 1749. Among 

for ^ Romani magiftratui." Mtrt. Lb, ?iii. 8. jj^g pcrfons, who allifted at Mr. C's re- 

« Piirj)Bra le feUi, te coUt omnis honos. p^ri^on of Mr. M.'s experiments at his 

^??. *** er own houfe in London, was Dr. Kniehc. 

« Jaflive oon pneeant fafees, »o^«^PJ';- ^ho, Mr. Smeaton remembers, not onl^ 

«IU™*«oVp^Ii faices, non purpuri; feemecj furprifed at the ready Aiccefs of 

j^-^j ^ * ^ • them, but declared he could not have be- 

Flcxii!^ Virg. 1 Gforg. 495. iJcved any method could have been founjl 

FfoB whence the espreffipa «« attin|ere pu|r- . CO procure fo fkrong a (legrec of magnet- 

ipta^" " iaiRere par^nraa/' Ice iip 


Xmarh mi fim$ Uii DifcovnUu 

ifm fo ixpidHitovflyf with other cxprrf- 
fions tendingjto Ihcw that Mr. M.'s pro- 
cefs had not been known to him before. 
It was not till fome months after this ex- 
hibition that Mr. C. exhibited his expe- 
riments to the Royal Society, with which 
Dr. K. was offended irreconcileably, al* 
ledgir^g it was critically timed, as he was 
then about conclu'.ing a treaty with the 
navy^boaid, that his bars mient be ufed 
in the royal navy ; whereas the Dr. re» 
ntaire^l i:i friendihip with Mr, Michell 
CVfrr after. 

The above ftate of fa6l$, abftraftcd 
frv">m Mr. Michcll's Letrer to the 
M )nil»ly Reviewers, dated Thornhill, 
May 17, iT^S* ami publiflicd in (he 
Monthly Review for June lad, cannot 
be unacceptable to the friends of truth 
and fcicncc. A, Z* 

Mr. Urban, 

YOUR coircfpondent A. B. p. 326, 
may fee fuch a portrait of our Savi- 
our as he mentions at Ant^vcrp, in the 
Bodleian Library, engraved in the An- 
tiq. Repert. IV. 2, uwicre it is faid to 
have been copied from one on an eme- 
rald, and fine as a prefent from the Grand 
Seignior to Pope Innocent Vlli. to re* 
deem his brother who was taken prifoner. 
This pontiff fat from 1484 to 14929 and 
was contemporary with Bajazet il. the 
fuccelTor of MahonM:t, who took Con- 
ilantinoclc about thirty years before. It 
ihould fcem this ponrait was a copy from 
that pretended to have been fent by Jcfut 
Chrift himfclf to Abgarus king of Edtfla, 
or fafhioned after the pretended defer ip- 
tion of him fent by Lentulus the pro- 
conful to the emperor Tiberius, of which 
fee a medal found in Anglefea, in Row- 
land's Mona Antiqua, p. 93 and 298— 
300, 2d edit. If I am not miClakcn, the 
copies, like that in the Antiq. Repcrt. 
are by no means uncommon. 

The Roman infcription found in the 
Tower (p. 332), thouj^h only a common 
fepulcliral one in memory of fome ob- 
fcure perfon, is a valuable addition to 
this department of BritiOi Antiquities, if 
your correfpondentt, who communicate 
lucby will give them with equal fidelity, 
youi repofitory will become -a valuable 
lupplement to Horfley's Brit. Roro. 
which we do not fecni likely to have in 
any other form, though that book well 
defcrves a new edition *, which the many 
coniklcrahle dilcovcries of fuc^ceding 
tiravi Wiuild greatly improve. I the 
rather tlnow out this, bccaufe feveral in- 

^ T -^ plates vrrre fold, ve underitauo, m 
Pcpeokbi r iafl| to 4 coppcrlJRuU. pDiTf 

fcriptions, on which your worthy mA.. 
learned correfpondent, P. Gei^ifagey hat 
tried his (kill to little purpofe, have been 
Tery faultily copied. I cannot help ob« 
ferving on this occafioo, that a Roman 
infcription publiflied by you June 1784^ 
p. 403, aT found at Watton in Surrey, 
IS a grofs impo(i:ion, fabricated to inn* 
pofe on the lord of the manor, wiva 
afpires to be thoui;ht an amiquariwtm 
LiciniuSf with and without the prefix, it 
not an uncommon naine in Gruur, and 
Afcanius occt»:> there four times j but 
never conne6Ud together. Licinius it 
alfo in Hoiflcy. This infcription, com* ' 
pared with the Roman difrvTeiies in tha 
Tower of London, illuflrated by the latt 
prefident of the Antiquary Society, 
Arch. V. 292, fcrves to prove the im^ 
portanoe of that city at that time. 

The chalice found in Lichfield cathe^ 
dral, p. J3S, certainly denoted the de« 
ceafed to have been an ecclefiaflic ; cha* 
lices and pattens having been frecjuently 
*found in the graves and coffins of all 
ranks of eccleliaftical p^rfons (fee Mr, 
Greene's account of one, voL XLII. 
p. 168.). 7 hough in it not faid wliether 
the cruciiix was b.'ulici: oiT at the bottom, 
it is not impiobable that it formed the 
head o5 a cioiicr or paOoral flaff, fuch 
lieing iifually buried with prelates or . 
heads of religious houfes. 

The flone coffin probably came intq 
difufe about a century hefore the dilfolu* 
tion : from that time wooden cofflht 
came into more general ufe. 

YourShrewfbury correfpondent,p.337, 
involves himielf in a perplexity of hit 
own creating. Nobody but himfclf ever 
fuppofed Mr. Wray's Gretk infcriptUm 
was an Bnglijb one. It may be rendered 
into Englilh as well as every antient in* 
fcription ; but that the Greek letters art 
the vehicle for Englilh words, which i| 
what he feems to infmuate, if he meant 
any thing, I defy him, or any^ther Oc* 
dipus, to make out. 

Some account of William Maitland 
(fee p* 359) may be found in Brit. To^ 
pog. II. 572, 665, One of the fame 
name and profeflfion, as hair^merchant^ 
Aill lires in Swallow or Warwick-ftreet, 
near Golden-fquare. 

The boot, fpur, and glove, of Henry 
VI. p»4i8, were engraved in Antiq, 

Fig. 4, 5, in your lad month's plate, 
are ilatuci of two abbots or rcligioui^ 
Fig. 6 is too much ruined and indiAinfib 
to afcertain whom it reprefents. Fig. 7 
18 rtther a pillar tnan tn tUan or t puUr 

I Dr. DnctrdV Koiis.^-^Antifintiii in Dorfckefter Churehm jij 

n'altan Fig. 8 may be the lower Qjaeen's Crofs, near Noithimproiiy wat 

any deity a$ well a$ Silenut* faid to be boilc by Q^ Eleanor, boc 

le lid of Middlefex parifhes add would have conre&ed the ttTiftake of die 

Newbon, at £oiield« Fellow of peafant who ihewed it 4iim, and Writtcii« 

^oll. Carobridee. ^ that it wat built in memory of her. ' 

lurch, or Little Stanmore^ Will. 
:t, efq. Mr, Poole. Mr. Urban,' 

Bamet, 1 Cannot conceal my furprize at your 

Benj. Underwood, prebendary of ^ Gaining a page of your ufeful ripo(i« 

tory with fuch refledHons on Mr, War* 

Clapton chapel not permitted to ton as you have printed in p. 416 of laft 

ed by the vicar of Hackney. month. It is not difficult to eucft from 

Etory of Hackney is a finccure, to what hand they came. Mr. w. is the 

K the lord of the manor, Fr. John friend of Antic^uarian tafte and fctence i 

n, efq. has prefented bis brother^, and he is my fnend. 
antiquarian notes, pp. 433, 434, *< Give dis letter to Sir Hu}^, by gar 

i credit to their author. The mo* ^* it if Ihallengc : I vill cu^ his throat \m 

% in Dorchefler church are put '' the park, and I vill teach a fcunry 

uft as the featon mifnames them, *' jackanape prieft to meddle or make." 
int (mifprinted firft) has eleven Q^ 

tient figures, and is remarkable Mr. Urbav, 

g made of lead. The figures in T HAVE accidentally picked up an a« 

h window of the choir reprefent A nonymous letter to Mr. WartoV, oa 

[ory of St. Berinus, who never his late edition of Milirin's *' Juvenile 

I king Lucius, but Kenewalch, Poems." The writer, except in the in*** 

the Saxons, fome centuries after Hanco of the new interpreudoo of the 

In the north window is the guarded mou/if, and the propriety of tbo 

JeCTe, or pedigree of our Saviour, application of Mooa and- the river Dee^ 

ited by a tree, at whofe root lies in Lyeidai, does not feem to be fe nfible 

nd>on its branches are portraits of of the ^hara^erifVt and eflential exceW 

:ies recited in St. Matthew, with lencics of Mr. Waston'a commentary* 

ime« umier them in Saxon capi* His views in criticifm are partial and ctr- 

tt the tad vi'vidow were feveral cumfcribed. Mischief aim ia todeced: 

F coats of arms concealed by a mtAakea in unimportant Notes. In e 

(crten » as is, I fufpefV, the mo* few columns of your iinpartial and com* 

of tiie founder, unlefs confound* prehcnfive rcpofitory, which ia open to 

an old ilone figure dug up fome all parties, and to every fptxies of litera* 

;o, and laid in tne confiuory court ture, I lieg leave toconfider fome of hh 

/eft trnd of the church, and called moft maCerial obje6lions. He it fro- 

e in mennory of the bifhop of that quently mifled by a captious pedantry f 

meniioncd by Leland, Itin. but the greater put oi thefe ob]e£^ionf 

in(ipripcion in the choir is as fol- will be found to originate from a perver* 

fion, or a mifapprehenfion, of the mean- 

Jacet dns Rogerus por poratus ing.eithexof iVlilton or of hiscommen- 

irioratus) dc ranton in com. Sta- utor. 

podea abbas mon de dorcbeftre Page 7. He blames the commentator 

dioces i|ecnon epus lidenfis s c^- for remarking that then fignifies at mighty 

ne ppicietur de amen, an the line, 
on the \ic\\ : Towred citUs pUaft us then. 

otege Birine quos convocp "An odd time," fays he, « furely, 

1 fine fine, Raf. Raflwood. for towred cities to pleafe, when they 

tale about a communication under cannot be feen* It is not Milton's woo( 

between Kenel worth (not KUiing^ to throw about his epithets thus at ran- 

caftle and Warwick, is applied ,dom." But Tow*RED cities are not here 

vulgar to all old' buildings how* intended to be y>/», nor is it the poet*t 

Unt, as is alfo the impediment to dclign to fhew or dcfcribe their magnifi* 

through it. A Ichoolboy would cent ilru6lures« The epithet^TOWRED 

e written in his pocket-book, that is here ufed to point out great and r§yai 

e advowfon, or next turn, of the n- cities, where the feflivitics of the court 

was purchafcd by the late rev. F. «r« held : here he wilbes to be pretcnt at 

i Ckelmsford, for one of hi$ fonsj mafks and plays, the evening diverfiont 

ire an not ^!j^vcm$4^ hu lauiy pt iv^ citiei* In thit poem of L'Al- 

514 Hjpirmiic §n Warton'i Crith. 

LEGROy the tmufements of nljgbt in curious anecdotes^ of Voung, MikonV 

London and in the country are contr aft ed* firft preceptor in the clatTic^. 

Page 10. *' The ploughman does not Page 15. *' h,i\czd of your qaemp 

always quit his work at noon." He i. e. Tibrum» T read quam, i. c. mundi* 

docs; at kaft in the oounrie* known to tiem." But it was not (o much die 

the poet. Milcon was here fafcinated by bindingt as riu-. book.' which was ^iven. 

an iniagc of which the claflics are fo fulK ^em is ccnainlv more fimple and clear». 

Ibid. *' A quality of which all ere- Ii)id. Hcic four un s trom Peele's 

ated beings are, or have been, podefled, old Wives 1 ale arc ahiuruly Taid^ 

cannot be particular or p^rjbna).** Be - by our cciilor, to be written l»v iCliltnn. 

caufe the commentator had ohje6ted, that Nor does Mr. Warton, as it is Jufl after^ 

y9u are but young yet t in CoMUSy was wards inlinuatcd, luppole that CoMus 

ioo PirJbnaL But uirely he means> that has any reference to this pau of Ptcle's 

the poet too palpably adverted to the pUy» The I.titcr-vvriter is angry that 

Lady AUce Egerton, who aStcd the part a Gothic dr^nia fhouu. i)c quoted in a 

•f the i!«^in chat drama» and was about clidical editi- ^ of Milton. But from 

twelve. She here fuftaincd a feigned fuch books Milton, as well as Shak* 

charaf^er, which tl>e poet overlooked. fpeare, is to be iliuilratcd. 

Ibid. Our Letter- writer, without Page 16. In fpcaktng of Mr. War* 

giving a (ingle reafon, roundly aileits, ton's //^»;r.iV7^'f/r/, lie lav<, '< One knuwt 

^tat ** vice bouhing her arguments,*' in not, in this profufioi? ot' flowers, &c. I 

C0MU8, is " /booting againll heaven." confider mylcif in the caic of a gardener, 

Mr, Warton has proved, not by bare af- who is fomtnmes obliged to cut his way 

fcrtions, but M authentic parallels, that into an overgrown ail)ourwith his dcfpe* 

the phrafe fignifics, ** ffting arguments." rate hook, lUrough groves of jcllamine. 

Page II. ** You hav^ difcoverccf in fweci-briar, ar.^i honcy-fuckle.** Defpe* 

the line, rate book indeed ! Cut thefe rich (hrubt 

j^aiii/t thi eantm'lawi of our finndatkmy arc foon converted into tlioms and 

a ridicule which I cannot yet com pre* brambles. 

hend." Milton's profe irafts abound Page i*». " We have here a round 

with attacks on the iniquitj of church- dozen of cankers." l'>ut how was it pof- 

canons and canon-law. And here he lible, othci wife, to prove that Shakfpeare 

artfully pars the cenfure in th« mouth of was fond of this alluiion ? The fame rea« 

a vicious charaftcr. The poet's eccleii- (on holds good afterwards (p. 19) for 

aftical principles are to be recollc6led, to the Notes on arcbtd^ Hay's eye^ canopy^ 

perceive the ridicule. Here is alfo a tripping, ttid pure nmJi cure. 

gUnct at foundations, or eftabii/bments^ Page 19. "I have no intention to 

which Milton hated. hurt you.'* No ! and for a good reafon. 

page I a. *• By feul Eleftra*s poet, in Page ai. " Yon take from Newton.** 

the Sonnets, Milton means the /o^ Elec- The annotator, 1 think, fays in his Pre^ 

tra, not the fad or patbetic Euripides, face, *< that he, perhaps, may fomctimc^ 

Becaufe, in the traeedy^ Ihe is repeatcdlv have been anticipated by Newton." 

ililed the miferabuJ" But fad and j»f- Page 25. *< The petulance of this at- 

ferabie are words of different import, tack on Mr, Pope," Mr. Waiton never 

Nor did £le£lra need to be here didin- could mean to depreciate Pope, where he 

guifhed by any attribute. The poet £u- fays, that ** Pope fprinkled his Eloisa 

fipides is the predominant idea, whofe with a fewo epithets from Milton." It 

power ^ in the context, is drawn from was a proof of Pope's judgcmeiit, and 

Dis patbos. ^ better tafie, which, it is to be wiflied, he 

Page 14. The Letter- writer is in his had indulged, 

own proper department, when he is de- Page 30. ^< The reader will froile at 

cidtng a difpute between at and et, Af- my placing the names of Shakfpeare and 

tcr fo prohx and (Iriking a difpla^ of Addifon together." Rather, ** laug)| 

Young's fufferings, // is languid. Thew^ heartily." 

is a force in the apoflrophic ai. Page 31. << You fay, that Bp Parker 

Ibid. ''Young could not be reward- was certainly a man ofUarning.'* ^ The 

ed with -appointments of opulence and ho- commentator evidently ules thefe wordt^ 

Bour, as you fuppofe, fur the Maflerlhip not to vindicate Parker, whom he hat 

•f Jefus College in Cambridge is worth fufficiently expofed, but to ihew the foree 

only 40VI a year," &c. Indeed ? But, of political prejudice, and to prove h^ 

furely, the annotator has foroe merit, contemptuoufly Milcon was treated even ' 

which (hould have been honellly acknoW* by thp Ick^ohMrs of th|it tip€f 

ledgedj in giiisg us fo many new and fag^ 


Perfian TaU.^^Spieimin rf Bp. Atterbury*$ Latinitjr. 515 

38. << The Calvtnifm of an was at fchooK reading the Koran : Khu* 

suniiay feems eftablilhed by uni* lid, I can tell you, has a clear pipe of 

anfcnr.** And very properly, his own.— Did you fee Khulid's mo* 

r. VVarton fay othcrwife ? He ther ? By my troth, a lady of fuch cx- 

, and very truly, that our pre- quifite bieauty, the world holds not her 

7e Sunday was the confcquence equal. — Did you obfcrve my great 

iwcli's Ufurpation. Here is a houfe?: The nwf of your houfe. Ire- 

an vpinian. At the Reftora- member, touched the ikies. — Did yon 

imon-fcnfe met Calvinifm, and fee my camel? A fat young beaft it it, 

1 the rational mode of fpending and eats plenty of grafs.— And did you 

ath which now prevails. But fee my honed dog ? In truth, it is a« 

a Cahinifiu Sunday. honefl dog, and the creature watchea 
p. *' i object to an unfparing . the houfe with futh fidelity ?-— ^Tht 

9tack-lctter books in eiajjfical rich man, having heard the good oewa 

onii." Why i^ this fo much a of his family, again fell to eatings* 

->ublicafion ? »Some of the fined and caft the bones to a dog that lay 

s in rhis volume of Milton can- under the tables but be requited not 

undci (\ood, without confulting the poor " Arab with the fmalleft 

ft'i cf an agt wbick biord of gratincation. The hungrf wretch, 

at this ufage, refVt6^ed in hit owa 

are the firi6lures of our Arif- mind, <' Of all this good I have been tha 

on matters which have very beaier, yet he has not relieved my hun* 

do with the real merit of the ger with a morfel of 'bread." Alaal 

ton. . In the dofe, however, he faid he, giving a deep figh, would t^ 

ididly condefcends to pronounce God vour honeft dog were living, wfa« 

'. Wanon (although the world was (o much betur than this cur ! The 

It to pay '' implicit obedience to rich man, who had been wholly cn«> 

lority of a writer of edabliibed gaged in eating, ilopt in an infiant : 

3n for parts and learning") is What! cried he, my honed dpg dead.* 

>able of giving a good edition of Why nothing would go down with him 

ainder of Milton's Poems. It but the camel's carcafe.— Is the camel 

l,*that Mr. Warton has yet to dead then ? The bead died ^ pure 

wcderation ; for the Letter-wri- grief for Khulid's mother. The mo* 

uently afl'umes to himfeif the. ther of Khulid ! is (he dead? Alas? to« 

f this peaceable and harmlefi^ ac- true, in the didra6lion of her mind for 

imcot. And, therefore, in cafe the lofs of Khulid, (he dalhed her head 

iphlet (hould druggie into a fe- agaihd the dones, fra^lured her (kull, 

ition, I would recommend for a and periflied.— >What has happened Co 

le two following verfes from an Khulid ? At the time your great hoa(e 

(titled, II Moderato, writ- fell, Khulid, who was prefent, now lies 

Dr. Dafton, to be performed buried under its ruins. — What railchief 

Allegro and II Penseroso. befel the great houfe ? Such a hurricane 

c, in native luftrc (hine, can>e on, that your great houfe (book 

DstATioN, oympbdivinel lil^c a reed, was levelled with the 

ir, your mod humble fcrrant, ^^T"*' ""^t ""^ ""u^^T ^^t "^P^" *' 

SCRUTATOR Juni!^. T?:'f-"7 ,K V*'^ Arab, who at the 

"^ reciul of thcfe events had given over 

PERSIAN TALE. t?""S» n««^ ^Cfpc^i and wailed, renf 

his garments and beat his bread, and at 

crtam rich man of Arabia was hd, wound up to madnefs, rutted forth 

ttmg do\i'n to his repad at a in the wUdnefs of dcfpair. The 

1 table, when a poo^ country- hungry Arab, feeing the place clear, 

.ppreflcd with hunger, unex- ftiicd the golden opportunity, faftcned 

f arrived from the place of his on the viands, and regaled to his hearft 

The rich Arabian indantly en- concent. [Copied from the india Ga- 

Whence come you? Not far, ictte, dated June 1 6, 1782.] 
es, from the neighbourhood of 

mily. What ncw)i do you bring? Mr. Urbam, t 

y* the other, I can undertake 10 nPHEtoi lowing letter fell acciden- 

•II your qucdions, be they ever X tally into jny hands. It is wrtuen 

y. Weill began tlic rich Arab, In tlie autog aphy of Dr. Atterbury, ttia 

fee a boy of mine that goes by (aaious Bimop ox KMrtKtter ; aiid, as 1% 

[ie ef Khulid.* Yes, your IIba cenC4iAa 


SurUhirism thi Tnatmintif M€th$£Jlu 

conuipi i ctirioai fpectxncD of his Latin 

Srofcy it will probably be acceptable to 
le readert of your cntenafning MtfceU 
lany. Dr. Arterbury's fluU in Latin 
irerfe is well known by his tranilation of 
Prydcn's Abfalon and Achicophel. The 
pcxlbn to whom the letter is addrefled ii 
Sioft probably Dr. Aldrich, Dean of 
Chrift Chnrcb, with whom Atterbury 
lived on terms of intimicy during fall re- 
fidence in college. 

. EFFLUX IT jam puto plus quam fe* 
•leftre fpatinmyex quo a te vir plurimum 
colende ! tuis coniiliis, monitis, et donit 
Uttdos cumulatufque difcelTenm; et u- 
■icn nihil a me interim datum eft litera- 
rum» nihil tibi gratiarum 'quidero ! Ha- 
bet coofitentem reum, tta tamen facen* 
fern, ut deli£H» fi quod^ fuerit, imputa- 
lionem non tam demgere ftudeat» quam 
ampledi. ^ Sic enim cgomet mihi ^r- 
luau nihil ifto homioum genere turpius, 
albil indignittSy quim qui in patronorum 
landibus multi funt, in gratiis reftrendit 
ctiam nimii, non qudd collocati muneris 
Bovo ipfi fub onere laborent ; fed ut fpe« 
de .gratulationis majora eliciant, quam 
quz pridem accipwrinty ita per bentficia 
ad beneficiiMD viam ftruqnt; et aucu- 
pnm more quic^uid ufpiam pranUe na£ti 
fttnt, id ipfum ita difponunty ita exor« 
iiant, ut in fui foaietatem ayiculas etiam 
plures trahat. Et fane quod a licerii 
Kribendis tantifper me contiaui, neque 
ignavus uti fpero, nrque ingratus apud 
te audiam ; quippe qui verebar ne fcili- 
jiati nimis gratiarum a£Uone, non 'tam 
' ireteri beneficio fatisfa^m elle viderer, 
quam aucupari novum. En tandem li* 
'tens ! nulla tamen quod folet carminum 
iardni oauftas : ne forte mufis aequo ad* 
di£lior videar, ade6que non boras uo« 
turn fubfecivas fed et dies intcgro^ in 
poematiis fcribendis collocafTe. Etoro* 
|c6hi id ipfum mihi jimpridem obttitit, 
^u6 minus poeticam quandam farraginem 
ante oculbs tuos exponerem, quae pub* 
lici quidem juris faaa cum fit, deberet 
re£U ad te proficifci ; niii id yetuilTet 
cum tua vir plurimum rtvercnde au6^o- 
jricasy turn noilra quantulacunque (it ve* 
recundia. Reftat jam» ut abjc£tts nugis, 
fapere tandem incipiam, et dereli^s a- 
moenioiibus mufarum diverticulis, per 
oronlFari;>* doflrinx campos longc Ute« 
que expatior. fit profeai» cum, ut rei 
licerari* fedulo operam navem, multa 
fint quae inhortentur, mufta etiam quae 
accendanty nihil tamen mihi acriores fli* 
inulos injecity quam ut extnde dignum 
aliquid moliar cut tuum vir optimi ! in- 
fctibatur nottieni adceque palam in 

omnibus et feipfii innotefcar, quod littDC 
clanculikm et verbo ten us proBreor 
Favoris fcilicet tui perquam 

ftudiofum efTe 
Franciscum Atterbury** 

# See the plate, fig. 6. 

Fig. 5 of the fame p^te is a ftone^ 
whldi coo^fes part of a wall now ftanding 
within the fortification of Old Csrltfle^ near 
Wigton, in Cumberland, two feet and a 
half in length, and near two feet in breadth* 

Mr. Urbak, jMfy IS. 

IN your laft, p. i6S, it a difcovery, 
thac the right eye is lefs powerful thaa 
the left. I obferved it feveral years ago, 
when I was about fifty i but thought the 
peculiarity^ 'owing to an ilTue in the left 
arm, admitted for a tendcrnefs of fight^ 
coDtni£);ed by reading when a fchooKboy, 
with the bead too near the fire, before 
candle-light, and ftill continued as a fa* 
lutary discharge, though the original ne« 
ceflity for it has long ceafed. 

A travelling correfpondent mentiont 
in your lad, p* 3339 the Methodifts at 
bavmg got footing at jerfey, but infult* 
ed. Yet thefe people are prote£led by 
the A£k of Toleration, as wcH as diw 
fentefs, and are conformifts to the churdt ^ 
of England in all its ordinances f. They 
are defcribed, fee p. 624 of your Mag* 
for 1781, as a well-meaning people, by 
Archbiibop Seeker, who delivered then 
from the ftridures of Dr. Green, dean of 
Lincoln. Yet ftldom, and with diffi« 
culiy, can they find rcdrefs of injuries^ 
even when interrupted in public autho* 
rized worihipi while nobody infults or • 
Thterrupts the common fwearer, th« 
drunkard, the law* breaking publican, 
who fuffers tippling in his houfe, the 
gambler, the notorious debauchee, and 
labbatK-hreaker. Thefe are often ho- 
nourable men ! They are frequently call* 
ed to refpe6^able and worfliipful ofiicet 
in church and (late. Arians, deifls, and 
pra6lical. atheifls, meet with civility | 
while methodifts, and but reputed ones^' 
are treated with every indignity and in* 
jury I We need not go to Korne or bea* 
thenifm for perfecutors. If reclaiming 
men from vice, though the dregs of tlM 
people (for mo(l of uie rich are too vrifo 
and faihionable to be religious), and raif^* 
ing a generation zealous of good works^ 
is criminal, thefe reforming mtthodiftt 
are not fit to live I By what fpirit art 

^ f Is this true of Lad^ Huntingdon^ (o*' 
ciety, aiid of various itinerant preachers 
■nder the denomination of mtikofifiif or is it 
true ooljf of Mr. VftSitfi fiiiiowcrs^ £i>it» 


S(nAi vfut Ironical Rtmaris. 


tieh jperfbemon tftutted » t/Ddejr whofi^ 
banocr do they milinte^ Anji whbje 
Uttic do they promote ? - ' W. B.' 

I Entreat you to ereft a .tpintuat 
conrt, a tribunal of virtue^ to' try the 

• ^^'e«** #• 

sioral 6toefs and religiout momentum of confift cT^ It is booked^ and flceps ia 

rent I they are curacies I In feveral in* 
ftances, ratlier prefermcDtt than ihe cuio 
of fouls. 

What a left or pity to fordeners our 
boaflcd Biitifh ProtcUaorifm ! Whcie is 
the Reformaiion' V\'hat does 

It now 

ought to be didactic and exemplary, 
it well at amufive and entenaining t 
therefore honeftly and boldly point out 
aberrationtv that the nmup it decern 
mve be chriftianly fuftained. ' 

Do you advife vour fi lends to be, with 
Mr. Booth, highly convivial, clofely at- 
uched to the .bottle,'^ to live ' away, to 
ftrain their abilities to furnifii princely 
banquets, to be lovers of pleafure more 
than lovcrt of God, vindictive, prodi* 

Sal ; and not to mortify the deeds uf the 
efli ? Whether fuch a man's religion is 
aominally Popiih or Protedant, whether 
be it a Digot, or of more enlarged no- 
dons, hit religion is vain ; it wants the 
pra£tical and efTential part } if ye know 
thefe things, happy are ye if ye do them. 
' Aiiiduous CO correal imperfe6tions in 
ttattert of ilyte and human reafoning, 
be no lefs alert to point out the moral 
beautiet and blemiues of biographical 
charaders. I hope to iee the time when 
pompt and vanities, with all things hof- 
tile to heavenly -reindcdnefs, fliall feci 
your futhful ft litres : left fome future 
animadverter' confound your Magazine 
with the ftage for immoralities ; where 
turpitude and deformity are often regard- 
ed as amiable and heroic i libertinifm, 
enviably elorlous. 

Yours, Lbicest&iensis. 
P. S. Patriotic hints. 
K§L actional or parliamentary premium 
advifed, to find an expedient to reform 
the times, and enforce and execute |>enal 
Jaws. Reformation not to be expected 
from the prefent mode, and reafuns fur 
difpofing of and ferving church-livings. 
The militia charged wiih giving the laft 
blow to tlie morals and religion of this 
country. To propofe a grca: laving, by 
fuppreUing military and naval chaplain- 
iiips, their ufeleiroc.fs at all times appa- 

vice and impiety 1 No reArainr, after the 
example of Fiance, on corrupters fron^ 
the prefs ! No informaiioRs, no difcou- 
ragements to common piofligacy ! ■ 

It has been obfcrved, that the approack 
of divine judgements is announced by aa 
almod general predominancy of wicked^ 
ncfs.— 'Then, woe to Britain 1 

Mr. Urban, ^uh xi. 

THE inciofcd notices of the late Gen. 
Oglethorpe are not fcnt vuj as a 
complete account of him j but iluv may 
help to All up fuch as ir.ay be cominuni- 
catcd by others. Part of them arc :akca 
from the former volun^ of your work. 
Was the mcd^l of him ever cngrr^vtd 
which was propofcd by your picdtccflbr 
in 1736 *? Yours, &c. $• 

On the 3,cth of June, 1785, died, ac 
Cranham- hall in Elfcx, fames tdwiird 
Oglethorpe, cfq. a general in the army. 
The pfl|)crs mention his age to he 102; 
but ic appear*, hy the books of Chrift- 
church College, Oxford, that he was en- 
tered there in 1714, as l)cing then 16 
years old, which wiil make his age only 
87. iiowercr chib may be (and he w<)ulct 
never tell his age) he ictjin«d his ui.iier- 
ftaniiin^, his e>e-fjjijht (leading \\\ . ut 
fpcClacks), his hearing, and the ul*' o£ 
his limht>, till within two or ihicc oays 
of hib i'caih. 

His father, Sir Thcophlluw Ocl^tlK*' jie, 
was of a very ancient familv m Yoi .« 
ihire, but in tlie time of Janu-^ 11; i' 
liimfcif, by puichalc, at \V»; 
Placet, near atljoininij to ti»w t^wn of 
Godalming inSuirey. Ui; uici' ia 1701, 
aged 50, and i:» tuii.*! in St J^'» 
church, Wcl'fuii:.ltcr, wl.cre is ^ lUwiiU- 
mcur for liim ar.d his ion Liewi... Sic 
Th:ophiIus had thicc Ions and four 

♦ li *a8, and urokcn altera tew were ilrjck on hi>i 1 . • 

\ A beautiful fiiaation in a bcsuiil'al cfupirv. li iia.u^t on he Hope of a hill, at th* 
foot of whicil are meadowi watered bf the river \Vt y ; it cummsnds the v>e«r of fcverai 
hilk runnii.g in different dlre£ttoas, their fides counu ng uf corn hclJs intcifperfed bctweea 
bangiog woods { behind ic it a /mall park well wooded; And on uie Cdc is a hargiof 
gardcD, froQiiog the foutii-eaft, whcf the Gcnctal formerly planted a Tioeyaid^ nuw mu.h 
•ecajfd. ^ 

GiNT. Mag. JmI^ 1785. i. Lewif» 


GiM* Ogletborpe't Plan ^fft^ng Georpt« 

t. Lewit, who wu equtrfy to Qgcea dMntld h«?e fe long remained tmiiai 

Anne, aid-de-camp to the duke of Mtrl* in • coyotry where {happily) ue ' 

borough, and was killed in the battle of fupeiior to JpoWer. The good eft 

ScheUenberg, in the aid year of his age^ thir interpomion have been* felt ere 

Oft. 30, I704- 

a. Theophilut, who was atd-4e*eanip to 
die duke of Onnond» died before 17 3 9* 
without children. 

3. Jamet*£dward, the fubijedof this 

4. Henrictu Maria. 

5. Eleanor, who married the Marquis 
of Mozieres in France. 

6. Mary. 

7. Frances-Charlotte. 
The five elded of them were bom in St. 
James's houfe } and two of the daughters 
were in the court of )^in|; Jan\es's queen 
at St. Germain, and married men of the 

firft rank in France. The marquis of ous intention of inflru61ing the Ir 
Bellegrade is defcended from one of them, He made another voyage to Bn 
and, the general having no child, the 
Marquis is fuppofed to be bis heir. 

The general entered early into the ar« 
iny» having a captain-lieutenant's com* 
snilGon in the firil troop of the Q^een*s 

by the unhappy prifoners. 

In 1 73 a he took an a£Hve lead 
fettlement of Geot^gia, to which ht 
as governor f and engaging in k 
that ardour which marked all his 1 
takings, he fucceeded, after eocoufl 
innumerable hardfiiips and diffic 
In the courfe of this he expended 
fums of his private fortune, whichy 
lieve, were never repaid. In 17 
returned to England, when he was < 
a dep«ty-2overaor of the African 
panv, and the next year carried 
witn him to Georgia Mr. John an 
Charles Wefley, who went with t 

raifed a regiment to carry orer, p 
ting every man to take a wife witl 
and returned with this reg. in 173S 
had great difficulties thrown in his \ 
well from the Spaniards, who w 
grenadiers, 171 j, as appears bv Tho- him with a very jealous eye, as fn 
reiby's Leeds, p. 25$. tie had the ranks mtfmanagtnient of thofe he was c 
of colonely Aug. 25, 1737; of major* to intruft, and from the want of fi 

general, March 30, 1745 ; ^^ lieutenant- 

Seneral, Sept. ij, 17471 and of general t 
cb. 2a, 1765. 

He was chofen member of parliament 
for Hailemere in Surrey at the general 
ele£^oa in lyaa, and continued to repre* 
fent that borough till 17541 after which 
he lived a retired life, in fummer at 
C!an)tam-hall * (the feac of his lady, 
whom he married jn 17 54* and who was 
Kliiahetl) Wrighte, an hcirefs of an el- 
der branch of Uie lord -ket per Wrighic's 
family) ; io the winter he came to town. 

In' 1729 he engaged in the generous 
enquiry into the (late of the gaols, on 
finding a gentleman whom he went to 
vifit in die Fleet Idadecl with irons, and 
vt'cu in the mod barbarous manner, lie 
was chairman of the committee appointed 
by the Houfe of Commons to make this 
enquiry, on uhich fuch t'atfts came out 
as were ihocking to humanity. 1: teemed 
incredible thflt luch inf;ti:ious oppieirions 

V lu the hjill of ttiis oid (nAr.liju, built 
abocc ilie end q( James the Fiifl's rciga 00 a* 
plcAiing r^Gng ground, is a very fiuc "Ahole 
lenglii i»'t^ Jrr ot Mr. NuiLm ff'^ngb:, a con- 
lidcr tble Sji.i'/.fh mcrcliant in r'lc bcgiiuiii'.g 
ui'Chirir.t i-he firft'9 iia:f^ «lin rrlidcit lo.-vr 
in that ccun'ry, by Atiionio Ar-as, an e-n.- 
n.ncpain;c;' ot Madrid j and the more curi- 
ous, as f-eiUaps there is not auQLhcr pidt^re 
M iM«i aulw inafier iu Knglaad* 

from home ; the latter occafioned 
tempt to airadinate him, and a ar 
which he quelled by his perfonal a 
and condu&. In 1740 lie attack 
Spaniards, took two fmall forts, a 
ficgcd St. Auguftine, but witlioc 
eels. In 174a the Spaniards at 
tlve new fettlement, but we.'^ repul 
him; and in 1743 he came home 
his return his lieutenaot-colosel cxI 
fcveral charges againd him, wliicli 
all found to be faiic, the accult 

In 1745 he was with the di 
Cumberland in the north, wliich \ 
lad of his military expeditions. 

Rcmarkiiblc for his aufl^m'fo 
he enjoyed good health ; anc, !u 
his itdirity, that to the lad he 
outwalk younger pcrfon?. 

If he indulged himfclf in a I 
gariuiiry, ic wa^ that of one, uh 
irg re£(i and icco much, with 
oblervation, was willing 10 comm' 
his knowliijgej and, ievv who at 
IG him, did lo vvi:houi rcL-ivin^; 

Ilis priva'c Iv .-.c'vo^ci'-c w«$ 
Tlic laiiiilji-s nf iiis lonrrts nnd 
cn:s vwrc Juic oi" l>i^ ai!- (lance 
t'lcv tl';fv.rvt(l it; and In lias iict 
iv'pp'?:-?.! a Jcn.Tnt whok- f:ii.nn 

Stwy isf Mtt. iBeikdiy^ i$tf Peter.— HantV S^eriis. 51 ^ 

Ahr itn^ Ba^ ^ Icndiiig^ him ftency 
Ai ito cm widr Us nrm. S. 

HAYINO- ttkvii a trip to Tanbrklge 
Wellft where the ^meften ftript 
her of 29ol« and left her with v coach 
ifed fo to make her way to town penny- 
kfs { ihe had taken notice of a genteel- 
looking ladf though in rags, who waited 
Upon a poor ihufician who lived oppofrte 
foher. She ordered a perfon to enquire 
whether the hoy wamea a place } Being 
afmoft ftanred for want of rood, and pot- 
foned with dirr, the vouth readily an* 
fwered, ** chat he fliodld be glad to leave 
hik prefent fituatton." When he came, 
(be round that he was of Bruges in* Flan- 
ders, which was' all the intelligence re- 
lative to his hi (lory the fervants could get 
out of htm ; hot there was fomcthing fo 
ditUngui Iked in his manner and bchavi- 
our, that, notwithdanding ihe hid en- 
gaged him to do the drudgery of the 
houfe, her own man and he ihared it he« 
tween them as it cafuaily offered. '* The 
boy bad not been long with me/' fays 
ft4 ** before he (hewed his gratitude for 
the comfortable exchange I had offisred 
him, by the mod alert indu^ry and fcru- 
Pttlous attention to my wiihest and lo 
luch a height did he carry his zeal to 
pleafe me, that he feemed almeft to pay 
me divine honours, 

** One mumiog I was informed that a 
foreigti gentlei.ttn wanted to fee me» 
Being (hewn in, he requeued to know, 
' whether I had not a youth in my fervict 
whofe name was Prterf* On my anfwer- 
ing, tliat I had, he exclaimed with tranf- 
port, ' Then, thank God, I have found 
myfonl' The agitation of the ftranjger 
on receiving this alTurance, and my (ur* 
prize at fo unexpe^ed an event, occafi* 
OQcd a filence for (broe time. In the in- 
terim Peter enteitd the room, leading in 
my little boy, with whom he had been 
talcing a walk. Upon feeing lus father 
he dropped upon the floor in a (late of 
infcnftDitity ; and it was not without fome 
difficulty that he was brouglit to himfelf. 
When ic was a little recovered* his fa- 
atktT alTuied him of his torgivencft, tell- 
ing him alfo, that his compaoioa was 
livmg> upon which the boy's face bright- 
ened up, and falling upon his kners, he 
crievi with gfeat fiervcncy, ' Thank Godi 
ti&nk God V This exclamation exciting 
my curio(it)', I begged the gentleman to 
explain to me the caui'e of the tccne J had 
juit been a wuoefs to. He f eplicdy ' cha( 

I will do with the grearefl readinefs. 
Madam, I am a wine- merchant of Bru- 
tes i my fon, whom you fee before you^ 
had a quarrel with his favourite fchool- 
fellow at the time he was about twclvo 
years of age, in which he received a blow* 
Enr^ed at the affront, he plunged a 
knife, which he unfortunately had in 
his handy into the bofom of the lad that 
hid ftruck him. Sliocked at the deed 
that he had joil committed, and appre- 
hcnfive of falling into the hands of^ juf« 
tice, he fled ; and all the enquiries 1 have 
made after him, during fix years, have 
been till now ineffectual. Some buiincfs 
calling me to Bngland, a townfmao of 
mine informed me yederday, that he had 
feen my fon Peter go into a houfe in 
Frith-ltreet. His informacicin was the 
means of my paying you this vifit. Ma- 
chmi, and has rcdorci) to me my ciii)dU' 
Though I was concerncii at loling a icr- 
vant who had bocn fo faithful to me, and 
had ihcwn nic lo much rcipct\ and atten- 
tion ; yet I could not help l>cir.g pieafed 
that his father had dilcovered hiui, and 
that he would now be removed lo a litu • 
ation more eljgibitt than that of fei-vitu^-^. 
In a (hort time he left mc, with a mind 
deeply impreifed with enititude ; and his 
father g.^ve me a pre fling invitation to 
pay him a viiit it ever 1 ihould travel 
through Flanders $ which fume years af- 
ter I did, and he made my (hort ftay as 
agreeable to mv as lie coulJ. 

Mlt. Urban, June j^ 

THEfirflot Mr.Hunt'squericb.p.j^, 
may be very well anfwered from an 
ingenious little tru^, called, ^* Jupiter 
and Saturn/* (noticed in your vol. LI I. 
p. 539, foon after its iird pu|>!icatiun.) 

" Jupiicr, the larji^efl and moft beauti- 
ful planet in our fyltcm (Venu^ except. 
ed) is near looo times as lar^c av tlie 
earth, and performs one revoluciou in 
Ufs than lo hours J 

** This (wittnels of diurnal motion 
draws his clouds and vapours into iireaks 
or lines over his ei|uatorial parrr, torni* 
ine, wbu we are about to mention, ins 
Belts. Five of thelc (lieaks were for- 
merly obferved \ but our improved tcK- 
(copes now difcover many more, as an 
aiicmblagc of long" 

Yuurb, Abdolony^us. 

Mr. Urban. 5 '^•'Mfi*'^ [*' D,',, 

IN the neigh bourhooU of tnU tuwu, 
which is about 30 verft* from Voi..» 
tietch, on the bii;^ oi i()c i&vci Do^, 



Continwaion of octajknal t^musrh from Rufit. 

ippcmuice of fuch fbflU booei h ibil| 
paiu to fome geoeril rcfoltttum oii|r 
globe has undcrjgoiic in timet enransl^ 
XfiOMtc I or to (one particuUr ud local 
event ? Ii is very poflible that thefe ti 
the Don, ami thous of Sibciiay may hat* 
hetn produced by the fame caufc. Wiu 
it be allowed as probable, thtt gxuK 
troopi of elephants, forced by a* caitaia 
imminent danger to leave their natal foily 
vera reduced to periih in foma country 
more of leU remote* more or left to thft 
north or to thejputh? When wt con^ 
(ider the vi^nicy of Perfia* does aoc 
that idea come ix^ aid of the fuggeftio» 
as to the bpqes of eUphants on the banks 
of tli^ Pon ? And what il^all hinder ot 
then from fuppofing that other pnoopa of 
thefe animals may have ventured father, 
to the north, where tjiey foiind ;baK 
death they endeavoured to aVoi^ tfi 
home ? That the banks of rjvert iliottld 
be their only cocnieteriesy may be ex* 
plained from the ravages occafioned hj 
inundations, which may hiu left then? 
carcafes in thefe fpocs. 

Thofe whom thefe fuppoiitions do not 

fatisfy, o^ay tell us, that a number of 

things are fttU wanting towards enabling; 

us to form any juclgcmeot on the origia 

of .thofc heaps jot l)oncs daily difcovered 

in the bowels of the earth. It werq- 

much to be wiflied, that fome a£kive 

and ingenious naturalift would collect 

tcigether all the particulais that have 

^ fioin time- to time been given on chat 

\Vc olic.i {n;.cr with diSicuicici thaf ful>je£b 3^^ nothin^Lappears to m^ 

throw s (iamp on all enijuiry, and (cem more Ariking tjian thetatts related by 

are found a vafl number of bones, of a 
very lar^c fizc, dilncried about in the 
l^rcarcd uifurLicr. 1 hey confjA of teeth, 
jaw-bones. rib:>y Ipinal vertebra:, the os 
pubiv, hip-booe^. tibia, &c not at all 
p;:rrificd, but in their natural (late, only 
lomevvliat dccompotcd by the depreda* 
tio.ib of time. They are found in a 
Ipacc nearly three ells in depth, and a- 
bout foil V fathoms in lecgih. I called 
.toectncr fome boois that «vcre at work 
ft a di^loiicc, and gave them a few co- 
peeks fur digging a couple of ar(hioes 
3n cltrpih (i. e. four feet aiui a half) far- 
tli;:r up on the bank of the liveri but 
nothing of the kind appeared. And, 
fi\MO repeated trials made by others, we 
IT) ay conclude, that not the llighteft vef« 
tige of i'lnriilar bones is to be perceived 
cither above or bpjo^v the before-men- 
tioned part of the rivtr* Now, how has 
It cpnic to pafs that thel'c boots have 
been accumolated and circurofcribcd 
u-icliin To Jinall a fpace of groynd .^ By 
what fingular cicnt has thi^ fpot been 
made the receptacle of fo enormous a 
nuantits ? Uhit man foever, that has 
iii^n ihe ikclctons of elephants, would 
\i lifcite a nuHncnc to pronoUnce, that 
thel'c liones at Kadiiilktii are the bones 
of xh.u animal ? The like are .found in 
dilili-.i:t pans of RuHia, and efpecially 
jn Siberia. And it is above all things to 
Yt remarked. tb«t ihcy aie commonly, 
not to Us aUvaySy fiyund en |hc very 
brirk o^ river*;. 

iin:Mciiia!cly rn in ike us as l>c)ond iht 
i:tir.o(l cnlitb o{ the human mind to 
iolvc. I li^rc are cilieis which fecm to 
iolhcic ov.r reUarcii, by affording fuveral 
«lac.i tfv^iii whence wc nuy fct out. 
proui WkUt L have laid down a(>ovc, the 
rrtfent lecms t»» be of tlie Utter kind i 
an.l vou: lea '.ers will probably j>c n»ortt 
inclinttl toa^»ce wiih ine,vvhen they have 
ixraicJ v/b;;: 1 have to o.'icr them cm tiie 
ii:*Mod. Such rea(gnab!o conciuiions as 
a:i/ ot llitm wiil pleafe to diaw, I Ihall 
be i;U«l to (vC ; «r.dy having all circum- 
i antes tanbfu.'ly laid beioic iheni, they 
will bj av well enabled to leafoa on the 
mure; as \\ ibcy weic up»n the fpot. 
Wc arc io u((.d to tiie diUufnoo, that it 
prows vapid on our hands ; tiicrcfore 
iho't- IO whom ii comes with the attrac- 
tions ^j» novc!ty arc now mo ft likely to 
h:: u,>f»n a true iolution. 

The <iJ(.llion that prefents it.'clf at 
iciv.iu o<JC 1^: Arc wc to attdbuic lEc 

fhe Abbj$ Fprtis, in his obfervationt on 
the iUcs of Cheifo ai^d Ozero in the A^ 
driatic. He dcfcribcs two caverns in tlie 
former of thofe two ides i and adds, 
that the Ihores of lilria atfbrd a great 
number which are very fpacious. .One 
of thc(e two caverns is, properly fpeak- 
ing, compplcd of three grottos, that 
conuaunicatc with cack uuier. Their 
^n fide,. from top to bottom, is betweea 
two beds of maiUlc. lii thefe aie a 
quantjiy of lx)m;s, in a half- petrified 
it ate, and conucded together by a kind 
of ferruginous ochre» They-he in one 
of ii;e dccpcfl recelTes of this fubterra* 
neao cave, two feet above the ground^ 
and at the depth of thirty feet beneath 
the fupeificics of the mountain, which 
\m all of marble. Thefe fotlil-bones, of 
which other vediges are met witli oa 
tills ifle, are found fcattered along the 
whole ot Dalmatia, as tb^ arc all over 
the iilc of Cherfo, They are the bonei; 
■ • ^ of 

Of EUfimdf Hid ^hf Bmsfmnd in €avims, &c« 511 

ii vtiiout lentftml aDimahy fomc bro- 
ken, and fbme entire. They trt found in 
fienttft quantkics in vertical end horizon- 
tal ga^y and in the inter Aices of the beds 
of marbk which conflitute the bafe of 
the hilk of thk file. Every parcel of 
fhele bones b enveloped in a coat of 

aaartz and ilalafbcs above a palm in 
licknaCa* The fubftan^ of thefe bones 
Is calcined and ihining. As they are 
conibmtly found in the ifle of Cherfo. 
In a ftony and martial earth; and as 
ihcfe bedfl of marble preferve a certain 
corrcfpondence ^h the fides of tlte ca- 
vern and the continent; we may fujpporc 
that thefc Uyers, alternately comooied of 
a ftratum of marble and one ot bones, 
agree with the northern Ihore of the 
C^amarOy as far as the ifles of the Ar- 
chipeUj^ and probably farther. At 
thr jVXiflEum Britannicum die^ (hew 
cn04i«6us jaw-booet with all their teeth, 
bones, and tuiks fimilar to the bones and 
tulka of the largeft elephants, all of 
them found in the earth on the banks of 
the river Ohio, and were fent to the 
Mttftttoi by the celebrated Dr. Franklin. 
Thefe bones have haidlv changed their 
nature* As to the jawi)ones> they ccr- 
iaioly never did belong to elephants; 
the teeth of them are not difpoied in la- 
mia, like thofe of that animal, but are 
pf th^ natojrt of the teeth of carnivorous 
anirmUt. They are attributed, till fome- 
thing better can be found out for them, 
to the mahmottt, the eiiflence whereof 
IS toully defUtute of all probability. 

In the cabinet of the Royal Society 
at London there is a . lar|j;e piece of the 
rock of Gibraltiir, containing a great 
quantity of fragments of human bones ; 
which, althou^ they liave not changed 
their nature, are perfejElly inherent to 
the mafs of the rock. 

Mr. Thomas Falkner, in his defcrip- 
tion of tbo country of die jf^itagonians, 
rcljmi"rfult a very large quantity of 
what to all appearance were human 
bones, of extraordinary magnitude, are 
found on the banks of the river of Car- 
ca^ia or T^rcero, 'at a little diihmce 
from the plac^ where it fills into the 
Parana. They are of different files, 
iad fieem to have belonged to people of 
difltrent ages. Mr. Falkner lavs, *' he 
hu feed the bones called tibia, rios, (ler- 
aufiH, fragments of fculls, and panicii- 
larly molar teetli, which are above three 
Inches in diameter at the^root. I am 
alTured," adds he, <' that the like bones aro 
ha^d oa the banks of iha Faranai Pa- 

raaiay, and even in Peru.** 

\Vhen 1 paflfed through Chirikova, a* 
boat thirty verlls from Simbirlk, I \^aa 
ihewn various bones of elephants, f ji.nd 
in difTtrent paits upon the. twu (hurea 
of the Svij^a. The inhabitants pro- 
duce likewife feveral bttic works carved 
out of the tuik of one of thefe animiia 
difcovered twenty-five year& ago in the 
fame place, the ivory of which is very 
yellow. A much greater numl)er of 
thefe bones, and even the fcull of an 
elephant, were d^g up noar Naeacikina, 
on the bank of the livulet BirutK, which 
runs into the Sviaega. The .people here 
have made a number of little toys, &c« 
of the ivory found in thefe parts, which 
differs in no refpe^k whatever, and can- 
not be diAinguifhed, from the fineft 
ivory ever ufed. The p<'int of the tufk» 
employed in thefe works, is the only 
part of it that is the leafl calcined, and 
began to exfoliate. But is it not to the 
lau degree aHoniibing, that a bone (bould 
be prelerved, in a hot cliraare, without 
undergoing the (lightcft alteration, thro' 
an ahnoft infinite iucceflion of years ? 

It is pretended, that near the village 
of Nagadkina the remains of two an- 
cient entrenchments dill cxld ; and that, 
whenever the earth is turned up about 
thehi, they are fure to find a quantity 
of human bones. If this be true, tho' 
I could learn nothing probable about it« 
it would occallon a fort of little triumph 
to fome authors, who are of opinion^ 
that all thefe elephant-bones, found un- 
der ground in tne ditferent countries of 
the North, belonged to thofe animalt 
that were brought by the armies that 
came on expeditions into thelf parts. 
But this opinion may be overturned bj 
a hod of reafons more triumphant Aill. 
And it is much more natural to carry 
back the origin of thefe remains^ feat* 
tcrcd even as far as the banks of the 
Frozen Sea, to revolutions much more 
remote, and of far greater importance, 
even fubvcrfive of the whole face of the 
globe we inhabit. 

The opinions of naturalifls on the 
origin of thefe fkeletons of exotic ani- 
mals are very various. Some, with all 
podible fubtilty and tngenuixy, have ad- 
vanced, that the climates of the earth 
have fucccflivj^y changed their nature i 
and, that thjp^ which are at prefent co1d» 
were hot^^ great number of ages ago* 
Otheas attiibute it to the deluge. But 
perhaps there may be no nece^ty fur 
wandeting fo far into the darkhefs of 



On thijlow ^rogrtfs of tbi 

anti^aity. Tn the yetr i767» af dtey 
fveve dif^Dff ■ vrell near the BiniHk, ac 
the depth or a fathbm and a half they 
found a qiKinricy of human bones, with* 
eut the froallefl trace of a coffin,' or any 
thing that might ferve a» fucli ; and (i* 
inilar bo&et are often found in the 
Beighhourhood of that Aream. Some- 
limes, it it iaid, the iron heads of pikes 
are found itmong the bonet, and pans of 
#cher otfeofive weapons ; which indubi- 
tably proves, rhac a hatde has formerly 
been foug:ht in thcfe paits. Now we 
know ih It a great many of the AHatic 
nations .u fed elephants in war. Ic has 
been thou^lit apparent therefore, that 
thetc cai tales of exotic animals wcru bu- 
lled in the neighbourhood of the Volga 
fcrerU centuiies perhaps, but not To 
many thouffd years at!;o as fome fup* 
pofe. ■■ But how are thcfc pretended 
nahmouc-botiet often covered with fo 
many )a*. crs of earth, and a^ualh found 
in the cliffs that form tite vety banks of 
the river ? It is tlK)aght not difficult to 
explain it. We know thai the current 
of the rmmenfe river? that travcrfe Ruf« 
fia frequently undcrmire and cut their 
tnofl (olid barks, and that the foil where 
livers, both grea' and fmall, have former- 
ly flowed, is now quite dry. The Vo'ga, 
even in our days, has fwillowed up 
whole iflands, and formed new ones iti 
other parts. Nay, fometimes it leaves 
Its ancient bed, and forms another. 
This is proved by all thofc hillocks of 
fantl, irregularly placed, and containing 
a very great quantity of fluviatile (hells. 
This Once faid down, we may cafily 
c )ncnie how ihofc regular layers have 
been formed v\ ith which theft elephant- 
booes arc coitrcd. And we fee too 
b«>w ic is pciTible that a certain quan- 
tity of iliefe iioncs may have been dc- 
juchtil from a former place by the wa- 
ters, and carried lower down by ihc cur- 
rent, and then covei^d afrefh with earth. 
—There, however, arc far from folving 
the chfTereiit appearance^ ot thole num- 
ber*e(t. cu'leflions of bones that prefent 
themftlves in various parts of the globe. 
1 fiiou'd be vcrv happy if fome of your 
Itarned natuialifts would take this fub- 
jedi inio coiifiucration. M. M. M. 

Mr Uwba^, JuHeiu 

THE projfrtls that mankind tormtrlv 
m^de in applying to their \Sc 
anv patticular ptoptrtjcs that they dif- 
covered in nature, ua« in general ex- 
coedin^lv (1«iu : wc know ti^a the attrac* 
tioa of 'the ka.Ulionc was Ij^kcd go 

only as t matter of cnrioiity fir ii|iimiWI| 
of a tlioufaod yean befbrr k wat ad* 
apted to the amftance of narigaCNML 
The explofive power of aitra remaiaai 
inoffeniive foy many ages. TKa impel* 
ling force of wind and water rauft have 
been alwa^'s obferred $ yet the acaom- 
modating of them to the convenieneet of 
life is comparatively of late dace; tht 
earliefl account of water-millt is not a* 
bove fifteen hundred years old, and 
wind- mill I are of a much later iovcn* 
tion In works of art alfo; what acar 
approaches did the Greeks and Komaiis 
make to printing when they ftampcd 
leuers on their coins and eaithea ware i 
yet never attained the perfection of the 
art I Is ic not then highly probable, 
that the inquifitive turn of mind which 
difUnguiihes the prefent aera willy on 
fome future occafion, improve the two 
late iniportant difcoveries of coUe^ng 
the elearic fluid by machines and from 
the clouds, and alto the an of afcendin^ 
and exploring the upper regions of the 
air, (which now remain little rooit than 
mere matters of fpeculation,) faaa to 
give a luftre to thole difcoveries, by ap* 
plying them to many ufefnl purpoies of 
which at prefent we nare no conception* I 
Thefe reflexions occurred to me by 
meeting with pafTages in the ancients 
which I think I am juftificd in caMiof 
glimmering s- of §le&riciiy. 

The 6rA I recoiled is in the abftraft 
that Photius made of the Indian hiflory 
of Ctefioi t i where he fays, that lie law 
two nvords which, when liied in the 
earth, avened (lorms of hail, and thun- 
der, and lightning. 

** Ili^i m UTv ^rvQyttH tii$ n^ntm £1- 
*' AHPOT, ii M XAi ivo m^n Kmcrmg 
'* ^n^it iiTxrttifar If wfffM 0m9t?i9ift^ an* 

** fV^aliJ^. <l>>}9t ^f vrpi oet'lif, oli «nr- 

* May not the phenomena which are 
produced by the /Bob pile be applied to a 
BBcthod of improving the nachiuei ufcd ia 
tbtffc difcovcrcs ? 

■f Ciefi»s was a phyfician, who accompa* 
nicfJ Xenophon io his expedition, wat taken 
prifoner, and rciided many ^ears in the 
jpcrfian court. Hfs v^orks abound with Ae- 
ries thai fcem improbable and e&travagaut j 
fome of theiD perhaps are ill renderco in ihc 
tpitomc, and others, ii is certain, want ex- 
plaKaiion, as will appcu in a future account 
ef Amber and Lacaa. 

Earfy KJI. rf BUBrmtj.^Mmimint ^f F9unJeT tfZwm. Colh 5ij| 

Colvmelh fiys, in treating of domcf- 
tifc fowl: *« Plurimi ctiam infra cubi- 
*Iiam (Iramtnta graminit ali<|uid, ct 
* i^ffiulos lauri, nee niinus a11i| capita 
•« cum cktWi ftrriis fubjiciunt ; quae 
^ cunSa remedia creduntnr elTc advcrfua 
'< umitrua, quibus vidaniur ova." Lib* 

viii. c. 5.. 

Pliny likcwife remarks, t1>at an iron 
Xpikc placed under a ncft of eggs is a 
BEincdv againft thunder. 

<* lUracdium contra tonitma, ciavsts 
^firrius fub ftramine ovbrum pofitub.** 
Hift. Nat. lib x. c. 75. * 

This is aKo mentioned in the Geopo* 
Bica, lib. xiv. c. it. 

Palladium obferves, '' Contra grandi* 

^ nem multa dicuncur item cru- 

'< entae jtcurn contra coclum minaciter 
*' Icvaocur ..... y^\ftrramtntay quibua 
^ opcraodum eA." • Lib. i. tic. 35. 

The fucceeding quotations are from 
%he Gcoponica. 

<< If the keys of feveral houfes are 
** hung up> the hail will pafs by that 

'' £1 ^1 xa\ KAEIAXA fsroX?^ }^af op aiv 
'** oft««^«i»I*>9 xvn^M Til X^^»H iy ^Kciyioi; 

I«ib. i. c. 14. 

^ Iron placed on the head of a ycffel 
" prefcrves the liquor from being cla- 
«■ maged by thunder and lightning." 

*' ir»1»6i/xfft^ fltvipvKii Tr.y afro tui £^t' 
^^IvtKai oboi^truf PKccQrtft! Lib. vii* 

It is a cuOom at this rime, in fome 
parts of the country, to put iron on bar- 
rels of l)ecr y and I have heard it af- 
fCTtedy that^ in a row of them, thofe 
which had iron placed on ihcm have 
been prcicrved, while the others were 
turned lour by thunder : I do not gi\'e 
this as a certain hSt from my own 
knowledge, but the experiment i& wonh 
trvmg. 1 have alfo jomewlicre hcard^ 
or rcati, of tuining harrows wichthe iron 
tines, or teeth, upward, to avert light- 
nib^. It cannot reafun^bly be imagined 
tliac ihefe prefcivatives agaiufl Ji^^ht- 
ning fli'juUl untFormly coijfill of iion, 
unlets frmc notion, obfcure and con- 
fulcd hovvcv'cr it migltt be, lud pie- 
▼aitcd, that the cxptofire flioke was 
conduclcd, or cariicd oA', by th2t metal. 

T. H. W. 

Ms. U&BAHy 

THE exprellive Simplicity of one of 
. the inclofed epiuphf, and the pe- 
culiarity of the other, may make thua 
worth prefcrving in your rcpofitorv. 

Mr. Rugglesy fee p. 34x1 is a gentlemaft 
of fortune, who did live at Cobham in Suf« 
leyy and now lives near Clare io Suffolk. 

Yours, & 

In the Abbey -church of Bach. 

H. S. I. 

Dorothea cc Mariiy 

Filijp peramabiles 

Jobannis Enys dt Enysin com. Cornvb. »n% 

Obiii Maria, ¥ov. i, lyj^f ct. zi } 

Dorotheai Jan. 30, 1785, xc. 30* 

Hoc inane munos 

Hoc defiderii (exignom licet) tcftimoftiaaa 

Fratcrnut aoioT 

L. M. P. 

On the fouth wall of the outfide of tlie 
church of Winiky, a village near 
Bradford in Wilts. 

Near this place lie the remains of Jane 
Sarfeo. She fpent a great part of her life is 
nurfiog young children, in which ftatioa ihe 
behaved with that faithful diligence ma4 
teodernefsy that her example is highly woe* 
thy the iaattation of all ihofc who undertake 
fo important a trirft. Elizabeth Olivert 
who owes her life to the indefatigable pains 
and unwearied attendance of this good wo- 
man, thinks it her doty to pay this iaft 
grateful tribute to her memory. 

M a . Ur 'i AN, Nomokby Jttni 4. 

THE flonecrofs dcfcribed in p. 177 
of your April Mag. and engrared 
in that tor May, is 6 feet in lengthy £ 
feet 8 inches in breadth at the head, and 
a feet 3 inches in breadth at the feet. It 
is very rifing in the middle ; but, when 
it was difcovcrcdj'the crofs was turned 
downwards* It is thought to have been 
the memorial of one of the priors. Mr. 
Coufin is one of the fub-iacriils of our 

Yours, A Cof{flant Rtadtr* 

Mr. Urban, July 26. 

IN the church oF St. Bartholomevir 
the Great, in Smithfield, is a monu-* 
mcnt (and a x'cry t]c^>ant one for its agc^ 
of Sir Walter. Mildmay and hn 
lady ; which is, and \mi% been for fome 
time, in d^cay. This> 1 concluile, is 
not known to the prtient worthy mailer 
and fellows of bmanucl College, of 
which hs was the founder [in X5i>4.] 

Yours, ike X. Y. 


' I ( 5*4 ) 


i^kmlis im ihiprejimt S^ffivn of Parim > cotton and callicoes 9t Lancafbr, priyie|( 

miMtj continued from p. 449. . . . .' -^ ^ ' 

T momaajr, April 4. j^y^ ^^^^^ worimeo, bcM a mcctiDb 

HE Common* met accoidiog to ad- i„a ca«Tco»kt followiog reloliiuoM .mT 

jnurnrocnt. moufly : 

M' . «// moTcd, "that the Lanctfliirc ,. That ^ deftraaWe fyfteBt »dopte4' 

patitioo, which was left.UDhniihed, might i^wardi the natiofaehirefl of thit kiofiea^ 

be talcco into coniideration to-morrow }" «nd this town aod aeighbearkood in f aitkn* 

which was afjreed to* lar^ reader it incuabcnt upon theai immcdi* 

He theo moTed for leave to bring in a ately to appoint delegates to fo to Ireland, 

bill to continue <* an KQi bveding his for the porpofei of treetiog with aay pnUxe 

Majeftv with powtxt to difpenfc with ccr- ^<x*y» <>' todiTidual aohleman or geotkasa^, 

jain documents and inftruroenti, ufually wO»<^inE » proper fi^uMion for coaduaing 

squired from veifcls trading from Nonh •" «!!r''*i^*?' manuf*aare. ^^ ^ ^ ^ 

America, to the ^th of /pril, I756.V .«• T*»*t Mi. James Edge, and Mr. Jofepk 

He acoujunted t«i Houfe, Lt the for- t^ltt^^^^r'^'^''^ " *^ " 
mtx la bemg near expiring, the Houfe ^hat, to juftifV their condod to tkdr 
would be under the ncccAty of going countrymen, for adapting a mtafnre fo re- 
through with the bill with a degree of p„gn.nt to their feelings, and fo raino«s to 
expedition which that circumllance alone the nation, as tranfplantiog the cotton ma- 
aouid juftify. ^ nufaAures to foreign parts, and thereby de- 
/Mr. Fox declared himfelf an enemy to priving Great-Britain of one of iu moft 
the powers cntrufled by this bill to a cer- principal rtfoorccs, thej beg leave to give 
tain branch of the legiilai ure,and had hoped the following reafons : 
that (oroe permanent regulation would «< Thar, from the fair trial they have given 
before now have been fettled between the the aa of laft feffien, they find it imprae- 
two ftates. As in that he had been dif- «^«^*»>[« ^ ««nr on their trade without in- 
appointed, he wa$ for fhorteniog the '^"tk "7 ',,_._ ., ,. ,. ^ 

te^Sgf thVaa, that fome-effeaual mea- J' L JLl^^.fe ^S^^ 

r Z^' 1... t. i>-^«.^u» r^.^..^ u^£^*. oer the cxcile laws are moftobnoxioas: 

fure might be brought forward before „ ^hat of all the eacife Uws, that npon 

the end of the prefcnt feflioiu 3 j „^ \Atxz\ifA fuftians q>erates om 

To.this It was replied, that the length yexaiioefly, and produces more evils, than 

•f the term now propolcd was of no con- a„y heretofore enaaed, owing to the oom* 

fequence, as the opention of the prefent pirx nature of that mannfaAare : 

%Ql mult ceafe of courfe when any ijpcci- <• That amongft the many grievances thia 

£c meafure Ihould be adopted. Tiiere law produces, the amazing number of exciie 

Mng no other obje£lion^ the bill went officers,neceflarytoenforccit,i8 nottheleafts 

through the committee, and the Houfe *• That, in onr opinion, not left than r4r«r 

was xefumed. bvndrtd m4ditional eicifemen can eiToAoaHr 

. Mr. Fin then rofc, and gave notice, fuperintcnd the aa, whofe operations wiU 
mat on Monday next he intended to 

move the queflion for a Parliamentary 
^ILeform. ^ 

Mr. Eden fubmitted to the Rt. Hon. 
Geot.'s opinion, whether a longer uay 
would not be more ad vil table, in order 
that the members might be appnled of 
the importance of the buiincU that was 

ruinoufly retard the bufioels: 

'* That fuch an inflax of thofe gentry to 
diftjjrb the harmony and arrangements of 
their manufsaurei^to deprive them of perfo- 
nal liberty, and the free exercife of their 
property, is unwifif imp9titict and unjuft, 

** That every manufadurer dailj experi« 
ences a variety of troubles, ioconveniencies, 
lolTes, and dilcouragcments, in the necefTary 

to be brought before them, andthcne* operations of his boliincls, without additional. 

•efTitv of their attendance. 

After fome Ihort convcrfation, Mr, 
Pitt agreed to defer hi^ intended jnoiiun 
to Monday the 18th. 

Among a number of pctirions fmm 
different places and diticient inanutadtu- 
rcrs a^^ainll the Infhpropcifnioi.b. 

Mr. Blackburn role, anu prcf^ntcd a 
peti'ion^fiomiiie uicacners ar.o (ivciv rtt 

• WhUe this fcuiicnwas p u, 18 

cramps and fetters of excife laws: 

<< That by this law the inhabitants of the 
county or Laocifter arc more op|)rcfl*ed than 
tliofr ot ai-y "thrr part of the kinedom | 
conk*<iJeptly they do not cpjoy an equal par- 
tit ipanon of x.\\ri birflll- g; of liberty, and the 
f^mr ii(-e ex'icife ot the r property, with the 
reft of h 8 M-j "Cy s fub'c^ls : 

" rh»r*»rh y cntrt uierqually with the 
rrft of i.i» M*jt-ftv*s fohjr6', towards the 
g'ler*! rxpfudtturc ui ihc enn -'re, it-cy aro 
equally entitled to partake of its benefits : 



AMMMfy •f Prmtiingt in the pre/hi Seffun ef ParSammt. 595 

ID bft htud agiinft tho ttx of Ufk yt ar on 
coitOBt and callicocf, 

Mr. Pin obfcnrcdy that when the tax 
«ras in aeitanon Uft year* feveral pcrfon^ 
iBtercfteJ in th« trade had iUced, that if 
cht tax was laid on the pi am good&, it 
would be detrifloental ; if upon the print- 
ed, it would not I and tike tax was laid 
accordingly. • 

Mr. ^ fpoke in faTOur of the petii- 
doDy and leaf e waa gif en for counfcl to 
be heard. 

Tmififaji April 5. 

The order of the day, for hearing 
counfel on the Manchetler petition, be- 
ing le/il. the Houfe refolved iclclf into a 
committee; and 

Mr. WaUter^ one of the fuftian manu* 
fa^rcrs, wm further evamincd (fee 
R* 449}* >"^ '^^ Huule adjourned. 
liredMifday, April 6. 

The buixnefk of the day was chiefly 
taken up in receiving and reading peti* 

The Hoofe refolved itfelf into a com- 
DiitteCt pr9 forma^ to receive the ani wer 
of the coimninioners to the queflion put 
to them (fee p, 447} i which being read, 
and ordered to lie on the uble, the com- 
mittee adjourned. 

The report nf the committee on the 
petition prefcntcd hy Sir George Collier 
from the officers and men on the capcdi* 
tion to Penobfcoty praying that head- 
money might be allowed tor the rebels 
dcHroyed there, without fpecifying their 
numbers as the tdi dire£^s ; 

Mr. Fitt thought it highly improper 
to proceed upon the matter at prefenr, as 
it militated againft the expreU letter of 
tlte 36*^ ; but av the committee hati come 
to a rclolution, that thofe ofiiccis and 
n»tn were enftled to t heir claim, he pro- 

<• Thar as the law deprives them of furoc 
of the moft valuable blrflingt of the empire, 
they conccire themfelvts injured in being li- 
able to bear its burthens ai fuch ; thej are, 
therefore, compelled immediately to feelc a 
more hofpitable ihore : 

*' That at a time when thefe deftrudive 
and obnoxious fyftems are enforced lodcprcl's 
the griiius of their arciAs, the mintfttr it 
h§iJitg fifth tb* Mijl imhoumifd prt/u/iw, n 
€Xlin4 tie cmwttrct ami minn/a^urei bf thi Jif- 
tgr kinfi'im. 

'* That, to introduce vexatious and re0ric- 
five f&cilc laws am mgii the maoufaAures of 
this kingdom, when I'urr onding nations are 
panting fur a participation of tnem, and of- 
Irring the moft tempting allurements to our 
artifts 10 emtf^rar^, is a mrafure wh<illy nn- 
jufilfi'iifle^ and unwifi in the extreme.^ 
Thomas pALKNaa PMiLLtPs,CbaAciBam. 

Gfnt. Mao. JuIj^ 1785. 

pofed that time ihould he allowed for io« 
vef>i^ting the matter, ahd therefore 
he (hou'd move, ** that the report be 
brouiflit up that Hay three months.'* 

Sir Geor^i Coiiier made a mod pathetic 
fpccch in favour of that body of brave 
men, who, unacquainted with the exa6b 
letrer of the law, or the modes of regular 
proceeding in the-Houfe of ComtnonSy 
had preferred thejr prayer as they had 
been advifed, and had obt^ned the fa* 
vourahle report of the committee tQ 
which their petition h|d been refcriedi 
he, therefore, thought it fomewhat hard 
on the navy, fomewhat unfriendly to our 
feamen, to reje6^ the report, and to put 
ot!' the claims of thofe brave fellows for 
three months, who had rendered the 
moll eflential fervice to their f ountry of 
any that had been performed during the 
American war. He hoped^ iherefort» 
that the Houfe would not comply with 
the motion of the Right Hon. the Chaa^ 
cellor of the Exchequer, but give Icav^ 
for a bill to be brought in for their imr 
mediate relief. 

Mr. EtUm faw no hardfliip whatfoerec 
in podponing the report for three menths* 
that gentlemen miglic have time to turn it 
in their thoughts, as afis of parliameDC 
are not ralhly to be difpenfed with. 

The queflion was put, and Mr. Pitt's 
motion carried without a divifioo. 

More petitions were prefented ; and a 
qucllion arolc about tlie propriety of re* 
cciving petitions, figned by one perfoa 
on/jf in the name of a whole body | and, 
after a warm debate, an order was madie 
agaiiifl receiving fuch petitions, 
Tburfday, April 7, 

More petitions were prefented, and a^ 
mong them one, entitled, Tbf btanbU pgm 
iitioM of tbi mircbatttSf moMufadunrtf 
and tfbers, of tbt toivn and neighbour • 
hood of tAaHtbeftiVy figned by 55,35a 
pcrfons, huinblv praying, that this Hon. 
Houfe will rcje£l the wlK)le fvAem [oC 
refoluiionb] Inrfore them, as unjuft, un* 
wife, unrcai'onable, and impolitic; not 
having either e((uity or reciprocity for its 
baiis. This petition was received, and 
ordered to be read. 

Mr. Gren^vilie then rofe, in confe* 
qu -n '.c of notice he had given a few dayl 
bctore, to move for an alteration in the 
bill which his father l(ad left as a Okc- 
inurial uf \\\% wifdom and his uprightnefs^ 
in a'ccrtaining the mode of trial on all 
controverted cic£lions. He did not, he 
faid, mean to propofe any material alte« 
ration this year, but only t«> iii4k«. a 
temporary iaiprovem.nt| which the irniU 

5l6 Sumnfary of Prkudingt irrthi prifint S$ffl$n $f PMriiamm* 

cipHciry of petitions mtde nece(Tary, and the committee muft break up» and tlie 
which the difficulty of setting members expence the panies had been at, lotV : h^ 
fuffictcnt to make a ballot would judifr. therefore had to propofe, that the corn- 
It was, he faid, not only the number of mittee mti^ht have leivc to proceed with 
petitions that madcfome alteration necef- ii, or even nine meipl^crs, ihould it be 
fary, but the vexatious tendency of forhe made appear that the abfence of theotheri 
t>f them, calculated onlv to cicate ez- was occafioned by ocath or illnefs. 
pence, owing to the impotTiUilitv of pii- It mi^ht l>e a matter worthy confide* 
ikiihing the offenders, as he believrd it ration, to limit the number of commit* 
was the only couit in the kingdom wiierc tcev which fKo\il<i 'fit iit one rime ; for, as 
coih coutd. not be recovered when the the number of memi>cn elf^ble for bufi* 
jury found tlie parfy entitled to them, nefs was but few, when rc%'cral commit 
lie would therefore propofe, that, when- tees were fitiiae: at the fimc time, the 
ever a petition was prcientcd, the parties bufmefs of tlic Houie was furc to be oh- 
Ihould enter iDp bond for the payment ('f Aru£^ed; therefore he would propofey 
cofh, if the petition, afrtf trial, (bould that the hill migh; \>c altered to as t<i 
be found frivolous arid vexatious. permi: the Houle to receive the repoik 

Another caufe of the increafe of peti- of a connminee previous to ^ ballot, as it 

cions was, the doubt alioiit the right of would not only add the two members re^ 

Totiog in the different boroughs. This turned, but the ie that had tried thq 

he would propofe to afcertain. eledion; and the 17 might go in addi* 

' A third great poins was, the puniih* tibn to make up the number wanted to 

ment of returning officers, who (hould make up the new ballot. 

be found to have violated their truf>. The lad regulation, he faid, that ht 

There l;kewife appeared \o him to be (hould propoCe, was. to obviate any in- 
feveral alterations necetfary in the foe- convenience rbnt mi«;lu arife from a pro« 
mation of the committee. It had been fogatipn of parliament. As the bill now 
fbrefeen, that, as the coifnnitttee was to Aand^, (houlcl a prorogation uke plact 
be chofen by ballot, it might happen, while the committee is fitting, all thaC 
that at the meeting of a new parliament they have done goes for nothing, and thd 
none but voung members, little fkilled panics, after all their expence, niufl be- 
in the bufinels of ihe Uoufe, gin dt tfvq at their next meeting. H^ 
elc^ed; to obviate which^ each party would, therefore, unfb the cummittetf 
bad leave to nominate one memlxr of might be enaiiled'to proceed duiing tlie 
(kill and experience as a guide to the prorogation, or that what had pafTed 
re(V$ but of late it has been l^ound that ihighc be brought in evident when tlie 
thofe nbmint^cs (althoiigh upon oath to committee fat afrefb. 
*£it im(:&rttaily) had behaved more like Ttiefe, he laid, were all the points 
Advocates than judges, and had frequent- that he had now 'to trouble the Houfd 
ly entered into the caufe like partizans, with, and concluded with moving " foe 
father than as free and unbiall'ed mem- leave to bring in a bill to amend and ci- 
bers. To prevent this, he would wiih plain Mr. Gffemille's adt relative to tlic 
the nominees to be the ett'cft of chance, tryals of controverted ele£tions.** "' 
and choi'en like the reO, or by the ^3 'Mr. Montagu faid, he rofe with p}ea« 
tivhich iirft compofe tlie committee. ' fure to fecond the motion. 
' Another alteration which he wifbed to L.'^rd Maboa exprtllcd his eoncen^ 
introduce, was in the numtx^r when the whenever he wai obliged to differ in upi- 
panics are to begi|i to challenge ; at preleht nion from his Rght Hon. friend ; but he 
It was 49. and tlie ureateii difficulty had could not help obfcrving, that one of the 
been fufand in getting 49 eligible mtm- propoiitionv jull mentioned, visu that of 
bers out of too. Now he did not.wifh futtcring the public bufmefs to proceed* 
to reduce :his number, but ilie number though the ballot Ihoufd fail, wa^cutiine 
to'flrike the committee from, which he up the principle of jVlr. Grcnville's, biH 
meant IhouUl be ^9 ihliead ot 49. Tliis lotH and bianch. The putting a (lop to 
number left each pany a complekt pannel, all public bulincfi till the ballots were 
add 13 td ubjccVso. made was the vital principle of Mr* 
» As the law now (lands, the committee Orenvilic's bill. Jf the public bufinefs 
li not to proceed on bulioefs with left fuMeicd to go on when ballots aiuM 
than II mcmbtrs ; the bill makes no al- not be made, they never would l>c miide^' 
lowai.ce tor death or fickntl's of more and controverted elections might puliibl/ 
than two out of 1 5 1 and it, after a com- remain undetermined from one feiiiou to 
Iricui had Ut IcVenl uiont^si tbiee of aAoihcr, tiU tiie term of the .duration of 
its members Ihould be aoablc to jutcnd, parliament 


Nummary of Prochdings in thi prifint Sejffkn of ParlU 527 

mrliaitient expired. He was not againfl the gentlemen of the long robe. He in* 

deducing the number of members need- filled that no one man, let his knowIedj»e 

fary to conHitute a committee, which he and experience in the law be ever fo 

thought would aniwer evefy good pur- great,' wa\ equal to the talk of deciding 

fiofe. on the various com plicated cafei that ot- 

■ Mr. Popbam faw much good, and fome ten occurred ; - anci he was fure no on^ 

few exceptionable thiiigs, in the motion man would (ingly undertake it. Oa 

which had, with fo much propriety* been many of the objects of the motion now 

imioduced by the Right Hon. mover. l>cfore the hou(e he would nor hazard aa 

To a redu£Hon of ihe nuroberk he could opinion; but thus much he would fay* 

by no meiitns comply; nor did he ap- that whatever atfc^ed the principle of the 

prove of wh^t wav propofed refpcfting bill ought not to be rafhly hazarded : 

nominees. He could not, however, help and he truftcd that public butinefs would 

Attending to that which went to the reco- never be admitted as a pretence to fuper-^ 

veryofcqOs. Every srcntleman muA be iede a ballot. This great principle of 

Aruck with the ntc«Hiry of that altera- the bill he would never. fort'ake. 
(ion, as they mutl have feen enormous Mr. Dimpfltr exprdled hit diflike to 

cxpences frequently incurred on the mo'fl whatever, iu the minuted manner, tend- 

frivolous pretence*. He approved of ed to affedt what, in his miod, contli-^ 

committees fitting during the time of pro- tuted the great operative principle of the 

rogation. Like o; her juries, they ought bill. He could name fome of the rpoil 

not to be fuffered to depan till they had refpeflab'e courts in which all buQntls 

finifhcd the cau'e. flood fulpendcd till the powers of the 

The L9rd AUvocati of Scotland was court, and the qualifications of its roem- 

igaiail lefTeoiog the number of members bcrs. were acknowledged; it was the 

on committees. He complimented Mr. prclfurc of public hufinefs that ^ve the 

{Sreciville on tlie propriety, in every re- law its energv. And why, he fair!,* 

pe£l, with which he had brought for- Ihould not the repiefentarion of tire peo- 

^ard his motion. He Adopted his id^a as pie be as coiiiplc4t as the nature of the 

to nominees^ and ij^ke in general of tlie ca!e will adntit Dcfore tire public buiineis 

^licacy of that truft. Fheie could criuld proceed ? If he were alked, where 

hardly be iuppofed a cai^p ^he faid, in the tau'.t of delay lay r He would ani'wer, 

^hich a competent knowledge of the In the lazincis and waiit of attentioa 

laws of the land and of ele^iuns was fo io iirembers to their duty ; a detect 

abfolutely necellan as in thofe commit- which he feared would doc be remcdierf* 

tees. He recommended a reference a> , bv accoamodatiiifc xhc matter to their 

the judges when knotty points of Uw oc- difpotitibns 1 it mud be by a Oimulus to 

curced. , .. acconimodace tlicir dilpoiitions to tbeic 

. Mr. /IT. Stanbopi (aid, he had the mif- duty. 

fortune .to diHer efleniially from the Mr. Ponvys rofe to faVe time,' by calU 

learned Lord. He had always observed, ipg the attention of the Houfe to the 

that in cal'es of elc^ions, that which was qucllion before them, which was for 

obvious to the common-fenfe of every leave to bring in the bill, not to debate 

honeft man, was often, bv the fophidry upon it beh>re gentlemen ceuld know 

of the bar, involved in (iich a cloud of prccifely the tendency of its conte^.^l» 

learned obfcurity, that lawyers only It it had appeared, tliat the Right Hon. 

could underiland. For his part, he had Gentleman had meant to bring io a bill 

ever thought, that no one a£t of the le- to defeat the purpoi'e of that of his an« 

giflature had brought fo much eiiu>lu- cedor, he (houM have been as unwilling 

mcDC to genrletiien of the long^ robe as to give him countenance as the Noble 

this a£k of Mr.;Grcnville. It had piit Lord who had rcpiobated the morion in 

more than ioo,ocol. into the lawyen»' fuch harlb terini> ^ but, as ihe reveWe ap* 

pockets, without the intcred of ele6^tans peaicd to be the c«ife, be ihould give the 

ocing une whit the l)citer tor it. He motion and the bill hi^ luppoit. 
huped, tlicn^fure, that, when the new re- ' Lord Mabon declared, he never me»nt 

gulations ihould take place, lume fpecial to (ay a dideipe^ful word ag^ind the 

^rovilioo might be made rq this eHe£t j motion, farther than as it appeared to 

tax lie was Orongly of opinion, that on him calculated, in one indance, lu de* 

•ircommiitues oue counlellor was fuffi- feat the Kight Hon. Gentleman's own 

cleat. . puipofe in bringing in the bill. 

Mr. Taylor rofe chiefly to combat the Mr. Orttrvtlig thought himfclf lio« 

iodlriaie uf the lad fpcAkci* coocdlraing DOUicd by tiic aucutiun ol: gjsdtkai^u V^' 
i Nii\w* 

5l6 Sttmmarj ef- Proeitdingi irrtht pftftnt SiJ^n tf Pmr^amiitt. 

tinliuiy of pctitioni maile necelTir;, : 
ivliich'chc difficulty of entinj; mtm\ 
fufficicDt to mike ■ ballot wotild ji 

the comminee mult break up, vnA ttM 
CKiwnce the parties hatl been ic, lod : h); 

. , therefate hid to propofe, thit the uim- 

It wss, he f«ld, not only ihe number of roittce mi^ht hire Icivi: to pmc«cd with 

wiUions ihit [nidcfomc itiEriciiin ncccf- ii, or cvf-^ oinfl mciiilicn. fliould it be 

ftry, Iwt ilic vcxitioui ten.lency of (ome iii^<le ijv,^e»r ihat the ihfenec of (heothert 

of [liem, cilcutitcd onlr to ciciie ex- wii oerifioriet! by (icxh or il'neft. 

pence, owinf; to ilie impolTilnliiv ol* pii- It ini^hi l>e i miitsr wotthv coDfiite- 

nilhinfi the ofTenderi, *i he jiehcvcU it rition, tti limit the number of commii- 

w» the only couit \a thekini;doin alien: teti which fluxildTit lit one time; for, li 

colh could not be recorereil when the the number bf nienil<en eliinhle for hufi^ 

jury found (lie pitty en(ii)e<l to th.em. ncis wat but few, when r(.-\-eril comntiCf 

He ii-ould therefiwt propofe, thit, when- lees u'cit- liuiii^ it thti f»me time, the 

arcr 1 petition wu prclentcd, the pirticE hulinefs of tlu: Houic wii (ure to lie oh- 

IbcuUI enter into bond for ilie pivment of nni^ted ; rlierefore he would propofe, 

cofh, if tlie petition, itrtr iriif, Ihould thit the hill micli; be iltcrcd to is t4 

be fiiund friTolojs iiid Teutinus. pcrmi: the Houfe lo iLceive the rcpoit 

Aooihcr caufe of the incmie uf pcti- of ■ cnminittee previvui [u i Billm, «t it 

tions wu, the Joubt il«Ut the light of would nbt only idd ihi- two rnvmhen re-! 

twiDg in the diSiircnt boroughi. This turned, but (he it thil hid tried thf 

he would propofe to ilccrtiin. election > aud ihe 17 might fv in addi- 

' A tliird ^reit point wic, the punifli- libn to make up the numlwr wanted to 

tnenc tif tcLurning ofBceri, who Oinuld mike up the new hitlnc. 

be found to hive violited their irult. The lill rejjulaiiun, he fiid, that h< 

There Ukewifc appcircd {o him to be Ihould prnpoCe, wk, to obviitc any in- 

feveril ilt'ciirionE nccelUty in tlic for- convenience ihu mi^ht arife ftom a pro- 

Biition of [he commiitEC. It had lieen rogii ion of pari i intent. At the bill now 

forcfeui, thic, *) the ooinroiitee wa> to (lands, Ifaould « prorogation take place 

be chofcD by ballot, it might happen, wfhilc the rommittce is fining, all ibac 

thit at the meeiiaft of a new parliiment they have doiie ^oi:^ fur nolhin)(, anil thd 

none but young members, liiile (killed ^riiei, after all their ex pence, niuft be- 

In the buunels of ihe Uuufe, might-be );in dmtvc at (heir 'next nieeiing. Hf 

elected; to obTJaie whict^ each party would, iheiefore, u^lh the cummilted 

bad leave to nominate one mcml>er (tf might be cnahled'to proceed duuiig tlie 

fliill and experience as a guide to the prorogition. or ihit what hid pilTed 

teflf but of late it hai been found that might lie breuiiht in eviiJciicc wlicn tlw 

thole nbniineu (illhoiigli upon oaili to cummitice fat atrclb. 

*aim|:ariiaily) had bchaTvd ntore like Tncfe, Ike laid, were all the rninii 

Adiocates than judges, and hid frcfjueot- that lie hail now 'to trouble [lie HauM 

id concluded witl^ mming " fad 
bring in 1 bill to imeiKl ud tx-\ 

r. Uft^^ilic't a£i icliiive to tbf 
contmve'ncd eletlions.'' 
Mmtegu faiii, he lofemth 

L:'rd Matui 

ly entered iuto the caufe like partizini, 
niher than is free and unluilled iriciii- leave 1 
beir- To prevent this, he would wilh plain : 
■he noinineu to be ihe etlefi of chance, tryah 
and cboren like the rel>, or by the ij Mr 
ivbich litft compofe iIk cumniittie. incr n 

' Anoilwr alteration which he wilbed to 

iutrnduce, wi« in the niimlitr when the whcnevci lie wai oh'lig. _. „ , 

(laniesaietoliegiptochallcnjjciiipreleiil nion fi-wn hn K-ght Hon. Iiiendj (li- 
lt wa« 49. and tlie ttieatelt difficulty had could noi help obloving. tiiatu^ 
been fnhud in getting 49 eligible mcin- piopoliiions jQll mcntit>'i<-il, t 
bei* out »f 100. Now he did nu(.wi(h lutttnn); the public htifinert 
to riduc'i: :1m number, but ilie nunilicr rliuugli the biUui Ihoufd fl" 
tu'ftrike the commiHcc Irom, which lie upilie principle »f'~"' " 
meant OicuUl be Jo iiilleail ot 49. Tliii - ■-■ --■- ■- -- -' -" 
number left each party 1 compkkt pannel, 
add 13 looiiject to. 

, Ai the law now (linds, the committee 
it not to proceed on bufioefi with lett 
than ij minul*rs ; the bill mikcii no »1- 
InwK'cc lor dcicb or licknel'i of 
than two out of 151 "md if, alter 1 
mill' had fai leVenl uiuntl^i; three tif 
tu invmbcn Ihouid be uoibie b> utnd. 

Smn ma rif if PrteeiJingt in thi prtfitit Se^n if ParHament, 

of the 1 

not i^ainft the f^nth 
ilwrs atteU """ ' "' 

Bfy good pur- 

t. Ht In. 
know led pe 

and euptritnce in ihe J«w bt e»Er fo 
gicitj WA^Equil to the illk of deciJing 
on the Taiiout luiii plicated cifes tint ol- 
ne ten occurred ; atid he o/ti iarc no on^ 
on mtn would finftlv undertake It. On 
en many of itie ohjifts of tin: motion nouf 
if. btifure ihti hnufe Iw would not hiiird in 
lid o|iinlon: but ihu« much he would fiy, 
, , . . . p- thit vvhitevcr ilTudcd the principle ot tin 

More of whit ivxk pTopoftJ rcfix^iting hill ought not lo be nffily hacitdeti : 
ixifninect. He coulil nut, however, hcl|> tnil he tnintJ that public hulincfi would 
ttiending u> that which went to the rec^- never lie admitted a^ a pretence ro fuper- 
»erif of Gi^ft*. Eierv feotlemin mufl be fede a bjibt. ThU great pijnciplu of 
flruck with tlie nix.Hiiy of that altera- tlie bill he wouM never fot lake, 
(ion, ai Chey mull hare feCn enormous Mr. DiapJItr exprcired liii dillike to 
cxpcncet fn:i|ucntly incurteJ on the rnuit whatever, iu (he ininutcll tnanoer, tend- 
frivotous pietencc. He apptored of ed lu afieCt what, in hit utiod, conllii 
cnmmiticcs lilting during the of pro- tuteil the great o|H:rative principle of the 
legation. Liki: ujh'ci juriei, ihcy <iu|;1it bill. He cuuld name fome o[ the i^oil 
futfeted to depan till tficy had iefpc£Sab|e courli in which all burintU 

iirlltihcnt expired. He 
.feducing the number of 

firy loiondituti - - - 
Thought would 

, Mr. Pafibcm faw much f^d, and 
few cxce)» ion able tliin)^., in the n 
which had, with lo mu^h propiieivi 
iniioiluceil hy the Kight Hon. n 
To it redu£lit>n of ilie numbcrt he 
by no meant comply ; nor did he 

finilhtd thi 

Tli« Lord AJ-jocaii ej ScBtlaxd was 
agiiafl Idteoing the number of memlier) 
on commictcei. He complime.-.ted iMr. 

Jiicnville on tlie propriity,' in tverv re- 
peA, with which he lud brou)>ht for- 
4rard hit motion. He adopted \\\\ iil.i as 
to nomineei, and l^ke in general u'. iIk 
delicacy of that tiuft- Theie cnuld 
hardly be fuppofcd a cal^ .he faid, in 
«hich a competent knowled^ oC the 
lawa of the land aud of eiei'iliuns wai fo 
fhroluiely neceliart as in ihufi; coromit- 
teci. He reconimended a 
thejudget when knotty poii 

Mr. ff'. Sl^iape CM, he had the nif* 
fortuae to,ditfcr dlLniially from the 
Icaiocd tiiai. He had always oh^crrerl, 
that in calei of cleQion^, that which was 
olitiou) to liie «ammoa-lcti(c 
Itoacfl maot WU often, bj 

a ihobv. - <ivcd ' 

ftuud luipendtd till the powcn u 
CDuit, and tlie quablicationi of its mcm- 
hcis, were acknowledfiud : it was tlie 
prttfuri; of public bufineri ihn gave ihe 
I4W i:t enctgv. Aiid why, he fjid,' 
Ihiiuld not ihi: repicfentatinn of tlie jKa- 
ple be as cuiuplc^t as tile nature of the 
call will ndiiiit oi'tbie tlic public bulinelE 
ciuld procttil i If hi: were ajkcd, wheie 
the r^u!t lit dtitv lay r He would anfwcr. 
In laziacls' and want of attention 
in iiiEiTilict'i to their dutv ; a detett 
which he fcued would nut be lemedic^ 
by acconaiiUMUtiajt' the matter to (lieir 
of law oc- (lifpoiitibnii it mull be iiy a llimului to 
accommoUaic their diipoutioni to tbcit 
duty, . 

Mr. Pnvyi roTe to five lime,' by «1U 

ing tlie ttlention of tlie Houfc ta the 

quellion bcfuit them, which was lie 

Icdve IU bitng in the IhII, not to debate' 

it bctiMe gentlemen c*uld kaoir 

ly the tendency of tti contutfc 

\ad appealed, that the Right Hoa. 

Iman had irieant to bring JBsliili 

cat il>e purpufe of that of tiiian.' 

. he Ihuul'l luve beee ai uawitliM 

te him ixiunienaace at the NoUk 

who had rcpnbBKl Ok itMtiM in 

( bui,a»i|itR.«Hc(<b 

i<! «l«, he ttould gin tt» 

the biJl hi. luppo^, ■ ■" 

tter than ■ ,t tpfnitj ,^, 

Jfcd. in CM miUne,. tu .... 

mi Um. Grpiliman. .,*■. 



St~ ^MMiemen 

IfsS Smmnaty (f PrdofUngt it iljiprifixi Sijjm 9fParUtmmitm 

«rhar he had ocliVe^ed ; much he faid had 
been fuggefted in tine courfc of the debate 
that was material, and of* which he ihould 
profit. The queiUon was put, md leave 
was frranted* 

^ Tbe order pf the day being read, for 
the committee to hear cowifel in behalf 
«f CIm petitioners from LancaAcr ; a de- 
bate arofc as to the fimilarity of evidence, 
that was to be produced on this petition, 
(o that which had already been heai d on 
the petition fronn Mancheflcr. On the 
one lide it was contended, that, if the 
cafes nearly refembled each other, the 
ai'guments of counfcl muft of courfe lie 
fimilar, and it would only be waging the 
<time of the Houfe to fit and hear rcptii- 
dons of the fame arguments. 

On the contrary, it was argued, that 
••Ten fttppoHng the two cafes to be the 
fame (which was far from being the fa6l), 
yet as thefe petitions wer» leferred ly the 
JHoufe to the Committee, for the expreis 
purpofe of hearing counfel and evidence 
upon each, the committee were not at li- 
berty to ufe their difcretion, but mull 
.ftriflly abide by the order of the Houlc. 
This argument prevailed in the prcfent 
cafe, though not admitted as a general 
principle. And Mr. Erikinc was ad- 
jnitted to the bar in behalf of the petiti- 
oners ^ but, 'as nothing row was faid, it 
is not for us to tire our readers with re- 

Friday^ A^H 8. 

The order of the day being read, for 
going into a committee on the petition of 
Sie hifhan manufacturers, 

Mr. Carronv, their counfel, was call- 
ed to the Imr, and endeavoured to con- 
vince the Houfe, that, if the tax impofed 
lad year upon fuftians were continued, 
its ene£k mu(i lead to the moA pernicious 
confe(|Uenc«9y inafmuch as the manufac- 
jyrers muft either Oan*e or emigrate. 
He hud not yet heard it laid down^ he 
'faidy at a maxim* of found policy, that 
.^le ruin of a capiul manafai6turc, largely 
produ£kive of employment to the indui- 
trious, and of refources to tlic revenue, 
was a facrifice ftt to be offered up to gta- 
jify the humour of thofe in power ; yet 
'f\)ch mud be the cafe if the tax of Ud 

J ear is fufifered toexifta moment longer. 
le irmarked' upon the evidence that hriii 
been produced, drew inferences of the 
moil Itrikifg nature on the mode latclv 
adopted jf introducing o£icers of excise 
scto tbe houfcf of manufacturers; and 
reccttntcd the numerous hai'dfhips under 
^hich they groaned, all tending to depo- 
>f uUu iXm sovRtrXf 1*hI U) redttca to 

beggary thofe who ihould remain belnnA 
He concluded with a well -grounded h6p6y 
that the committee, after what they had 
heard from the tcftimooy of wicneiTes of 
the moil refpcftable aBihority, ^vould 
not licfitate a moment to refolvei that the 
tax ought to be repealed^ 

Mr. Pitt rofe as fobn as Mr« Garn)\r 
had concluded Iy^s fpeech of more tlian twor 
hours in the delivery, and apologifed for the 
witnelfes he meant to havecailed not being 
in reaciinefs, and moved, ''that the chair- 
man report proerefs, and ait leave to iit 
again." The Houfe was then refnmed^ 
and inftantly adjourned. 

Mojulay^ J^fil it. 
The report of the committee on the 
Crick Ude cle6lien, chargin? the return^ 
ing officer with having aaed pmrtimRf 
and illegally, was read the firfl time ; aod# 
after a n)ng and fpiritcd debate, the fame 
was adjourned tt) the T4th. 

Mr. Pitt then called "the attention rf 
die Houfe to a fuhjc£l, which, he faid, 
was nearcil his heart, namely^ the flou«< 
riihing ilate of our finances, which, fo 
far from affording any appreheniions of 
iicipair, furnidiLd the moif flattering pro^ 
l'pe£l of not only anfwering every de- 
mand, but of creating an cfie£tive aiid 
fubilantial furplus for the pnrpofe oft 
iinking fan4| which he (tated at one miU 
lion. He then entered into a detail on 
the fubje£^ of finanee> on which few of 
our readers would receive much infhiie* 
tion, were wc to endeavour to fbllov^ 
him ; we iball, therefore^ pafs it over/ 
with only remarking, that he moved by 
way of elucidation., for *'the net pro« 
duce of the taxes for the quarurs_end« 
ing on the 5th of January, 17S4 am{ 
178;, and alio of thofe ending on the 
5'th of April, X7S4 and 1785, to be laid 
befoie tlie Houfe,*' This he did to ibew 
the incraafeof the revenue, by acompa-< 
rati\ i Aate of their produce during tbofn 
t^uarreis, which came .out thus : 
Met ptoJuce for the quarter 

emiing Jan. 3, 1785, a773'8,oo# 

Ditto, tor quarter cnd# Apr 5^ 3,066,009^ 


£. 5,804,00* 



Net produee of the two cor-« 

retponding quarters to 

Jan. 5, 1784, - a,5^5,oo# 

To April 3, 17S4, • a, r^ 8, 009 


C 4>783,ooa 
■ .1 # 

The produce therefore of ths taxes m 
thf kft iiji monciisi was aboiFc a millieor 


. ^ Summary rf Pr$ctiiings in thi fnfint Stffiin $f PmrBtmnu $29 

thn thtfr prodnee 10 the corrr- 
fpondiog fix months of the preceding 
year % ind the produce of tne Tingle 
qvaiteTf ending 5th April laft^ was near« 
Iv 87o,o«oh more than that of the corre- 
^KXidiDg quiner, 17S4. And he rea- 
Moedy not only from the great fuperio- 
tky whtdi the tirft quarter of the prefent 
year -bore to the correfpondent quarter of 
the former year, but from the great in- 
creale of the fecond quaner t6 that of the 
lirft ouarter of the prefent year) and 
though, he faid, he could entertain no 
very fanguine hopes of a progrcllivc in- 
creafe in each.fucceeding quarter, yet the 
BCMT taxes that bad l>ccn lately laid on 
afforded fuch an appearance of being pro- 
iSudlive, as he was fure would make the 
Houfc feel peffeftly eafy as to the choice 
that had been made of them. He fpoke 
with confidence of appropriating a mil- 
lion to the cllablifliment of a finking 
fiindv \»hich (hould be fo locked up, and 
io ftrongly confined to the purpoles ot its 
inftitatkiB, as to be perfe£):iy facred, and 
not conrertible to any otlier fcrrice on 
Any emergency whatever. 

Mr. StiridoKf Mr. FcXf and Mr. 
Mdntp in particular, thanked the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer, not only for 
^itin? upon oarliament to enter into a 
eoofideration of the firft poflihie means, 
tnit for having prepared information^ cf- 
fedutlly neceflary towards arriving at 
the juft point of judgement, and to en- 
«ble the Houfe to form conclufions re- 
fpe^ng the public finanoet, not too fan- 
guine on the one hand, nor too defpond« 
iDg 00 the otlier. 

Mr. Bdeitf for the ftke of argument, 
admitted the whole that Mr. Pitt had ad- 
vanced in its utmofl extent, and that the 
tances for the future would amount to 
1,025,0001. a quarter, or ta,ioo,ocol. a 
jtMti and to this he would add a,5oo,oool. 
tor land 4ifid malt tay ; which all together 
tvould only equalize the annual expendi- 
ture, on all hands allowed to amount 
10 fourteen milKons and a half*; and 
therefore, under the admiilion of very 
-tfifputable calculations, there remains no 
favourabfe balance whatever } but, on tl>e 
«Cher hand, if the Kight Hon. gc(itl«>- 
man's calculation (houid prove fallaciousy 
the profpt:£l would then \)c very gloomy, 
■and fcqutre much wildom, much tirm- 
fiefs, and much folicitude in parliimenr, 
Sndin miniftcrs, and iiiueh temper in the 
people atiHr|.^c, to \yedT ihc heavy bunhcns 
with which they were over!9a<!cd. 

« Mr, flit ttMxed ihx vhoh co^eibcr ac 

Mr. Sberutam obfenred, that, by lock- 
ing up the finking fund, the public cre- 
ditors would be deprived of their collate- 
ral, perhaps of their beil, fecurity. The 
motion was agreed to^ and the accounta 
ordered. • 

Lord BianchoMtp then rofe, and called the 
attention of the Houfe to the deplorable 
cafe of the felons now under fentence of 
tranfportation in the fcveral gaols of this 
kingJom. He reminded the Right Han. 
Gentleman of an account that had been 
called for, at the beginning of the feifion* 
of ihe number of felons under fentenoe 
of tranfportation, which had not yet 
been laid upon the tabic ; in the mean 
time he had heard, from undoubted au- 
thority, that a number of them had a£hi- 
ally been put on hoard a (hip, in order to 
be landed on an ifland in the rivtfr Gam- 
bia ; and, as it was his intention to offer 
fome motions upon trie fubjed when i\\ax 
papjr fhouid he produced, he wifhcd ex- 
ceciiingly the Right Hon. Gent. wouU 
give the proj^r dire6\ions for the oxder 
of the Houfe to he ol)cvcd. 

Mr. htt wifhed he had known the 
Noble Lord's intrntions of taking up the 
fubjc£l un tliat day, he (hould then hare 
bucn pi'cpjied to have given the Houfe 
the ncccli'ary fatisfafiion ; at prefent lie 
could fay no morcj but if die Noble 
Lord w&uld be fo good as to fiatc the na- 
ture of his intended motions, he would, 
at the fame time^ take upon him to fay 
how far they appeared right to be com - 
plied with. 

L:)rd Efauchamp faid, tl^ nature of 
Ikts propod lions depended altogether on. 
the nature of the paper moved for. When 
that was before chc Houfe, he (hould be 
enabled to ftatc his propofitions. 

Mr. Bnrkt then took up the matter,- 
and was enlarging on the cruelty of fcDd- 
ing any human beings to linger out a mi- 
fcrablc exigence in Africa (fee p. 44k), 
when he was called to order by Mr. Htr, 
ab there was do motion betore'thc HouU. 

Mr. Bjtrkf compUincd, that whenever 
the actcnriun of tlic Houfe was called fur 
to a fubjv6t inieiclbng to humanity, thr: 
matter was artfully contrived to i>c ^oc 
rid of, by Hating that other bufinefs w«s 
waiting to come on. He reprobated (he 
idea Vt fending coDvi6^s to Africa, the 
only country upon earth to which they 
ouv'ht not to be trAn([X3rttd. 

The order of the diy wa^j then read, 
for proccodintjon the Jiiili buhnclsj and 

Mr. £r/kt/ie was caik-d to tiic b«r as 
coiu'iil) Cii the Manciiellif i)cii(i<jii, and 
proceeded to examine wihovliew 

5^ Smmmj of PrbeeiMngs in thi phfinf Siffiofi if ParGan^m 

The bill for tixfitkfr a certain Aim of 
nioney by loans and Exchcquor bills for 
the v^ar i7Sj» and 

The bill Xw raiiing a farther fum bj 
the fame, were read and comnvitced. 

Mr. Grenvilld's bill, tor the furthel: 
Tcgttladng the trials of controverted elec- 
tions, was prefeoted, and read the iirft 
tunc * 

^utfday^ April 1 1< 

A bill, to amend and explain the a£l of 
Jaft felTioD relative to the Scutch di(lil- 
Jery, was brought in, and read the firft 

Mr. ?itt prefented to the Houfe the 
papers which were railed fur relative to 
coHTidsy fentenced to be tnmfpOittd to 
parts beyond the fcas, and lo America, . 
being conveyed to Africa. They were 
ordered to lie on the table. 

IVetineJiiay, April 13 

The Houfe refolvcd iifclf into a com- 
•nittee on the petition froiii thfe failitfn 
roanufadurers of Mandied^r, &t. againft 
the excife duty on fuAianu. The wit- 
neifcs this day examined were chiefly in- 
tentled to invalidate the teflimofly of thoTe 
who had liefore been adduced in (upport 
of the allegations of the petition. Among 
them were ofHccrs of Excife^ who fpoke 
chicflv to the arts of cva(ion pr^difed by 
the inanufa^lurers, and to the means 
ufed to iccure tlic revenue, 

A Mr. Faulkner was called to the bar^ 
and fcvcral (jucilioos l>cing aiked him rt* 
fpc6iinff the MaochcQcr trade, a dcbat^ 
took place, in which Mr. Pitt, Mr. 
Dundas, I^rd North, Mr. £den» end 
others, took part, Whctiicr he did nc/t 
think ilie eviiicnce given by Mr. Walker 
was in a great mealure influenced by the 
tax laid 00 their fudian manufacture > 
Afid a fpiritcd altercation en/uing) the 
queOion v\as lo ()ualitit:d, that Mr. 
Faulkner in reply laid, that altliough 
Mr. Walker was undoubtedly deeply 
concerned uud inierelUd in die fufliaA 
manufadturc, yet he did not chink htm 
capable of giving a falfe tedimony on that 

An uointercOing debate took place a» 
b^utthe priority of hcaiing other petitions 
which were referred to tlie committee ; 
and the oi^ht being tar Ipcnt, it was 9e» 
greetl tQ refer lue further examiuativAs 
till Friday. 

^burfJM}\ April 14. 

The rcpuit ut the Cricklade eIe£^ion 
committee came again under confiderJ^ 
tion, and again was proceeded on and 

The order of ibe day was' Uiea reaui/ 

for the Houfe to go into a 'committee <Mf * 
Mr. Grenville's bill. , 

The Steaktr r<?fe to itmirk on th# 
prefent bill» thiit lit anderdogd the in-^ 
tcntion df tlie Right Hon. Gcntlemai| 
who introdifced it^ was merely to torrent 
certain mechanical parts or tlie operatioa 
of the original bill, but by no means' t9 
go intd a confideration of its principlei 
avowedly referring the coniideration of 
the fuhjeCt at large for another feflion § 
he would^ however, feite the prcfcnC 
uppoitunity t6 fugged two or thvte par* 
ticulais which have occurred to him du- 
ring the courfe of his long experience^ 
both as a private meipber» and in the 
high department he had now the honour 
to occupy. As tlie law now ftood, hr' 
faid, the Houfe had no powcF' to compet 
a pitfty to abide by his petition. Amo-. 
tlier defedt was, in ca(e of the death d»( 
either party, fome means Should be d6« 
Tile^ to fecure thc'triil of the eledioni 
A third defe6t was^ the wi[nt of power of 
adjourning when tlvere was no likelihoo^ 
of making up a ballot. A fourth defe£b 
was Very pcoperly noticed by the Righc 
Hon. Gentleman who introduced the bill,' 
anil that was, the cafe of diifolving thp 
committees on every prorogation. He 
thought that might be remedix:d, by the 
fame committeec refuming the bufinefs 
where they broke off at the next meeting 
of the Houfe; Thefe particuhrs he only 
fuggeded, and fubmitted their propriety 
to the Right Hon. Gentleman who had 
framed the bill. 

. Mr. Pophamt Mr. Mont^e, Mr. 
Martin, and many others, remarked up- 
on the elaftfes as' thfc bill was read, and 
fome corrections admitted ; but the prin- 
cipal debau arofe about lell'ening tlie 
numbers on the ballot,' which, after all, 
was referred to next feiSon. The com- 
mittee went through the bill^' and order- 
ed it to be read a third ume, and ad- 

. Vridf^^ April ic. 

The Houfe reiolved itfelf into a com* 
mittee, and proceeded to hear counfcL oa 
the fcveral petitions.' The cxtminatioii' 
of one witneis, were we to enter into «' 
detail, would fill a Magazine. We ihtllit' 
in concluii6n, give a lift of the fevend* 
petitions, for the (atisfa£iion of tiiutc 
who may be curioUs hereafter ta leara 
the aggregate of the oppolition. 

Mr. Urban, Junt i\.\ 

THE author of a very ingenious and' 
elegant production lately publillr- 
ed; cndUCld, •< Ah Ellkyf on PonClua-, 

df/i $f D'EntMafteatlK, tis Wtfh Mwri&tH 5^3 

ii .genenl beiieToleiice it the end pro- 


. The petition of lyBmrtctdeaux, late 
ipceiidcDt of the parliameot of ProTcncc^ 
16 the queen of Portugal, appears to me 

continues he hat an enentv .h) Kimfelf 
wicUio his bread, whofe teAimony is not 
to be brilied, :aod whofc juOicc is not t<^ 
be ^vtdcJ. But u'heo the n^ind is war^i-* 
ed by inndclicy, its miferv is arcrii>td td 

of fo fingular m nature, and to exhibit fo faUe caufes, which ^do but increafe ict. 
melancholy a pi£lureof anxiety and infi- fuffcriDir-., and prevent it from appjying 

delity» that a' few remarki on tlie cafe 
may not be unacccpable* I have v'ai:cd 
fome time to fee them executed by an 
abler hand j but, as none has yet appear- 
ed, I have thrown toeetiier rhcfo few im- 
perfcft hints i which, if they may l>c 
vfeful to any One, in ihcwine the dcfpc- 
rate evil of Unl>ounded paffions, or ci- 
pofing the fatal tendency of incrcafing 
infiilclity, my time is happily employed. 
The unhappy D'Enirecafteaux mar- 
ried without love, and lived without at-« 
tachmenr ; his mind, e'lucated in the fa- 
ihionable fchool o( infidchty, was unable 

JpreQll the charms of licauiv, or to ab- 
lain from the aits of fedu6iion. One 
icnfual gratihcaticn opened the way for 
another, till a nturn to the path of duty 
was morally impoliiblc ; and a continu- 
ance in the (ilcafures of fin, an accumu- 
lation of difficu'tv and ruin. A courfc 

to that nivrrcy which Revelation d»l-o» 
vet*. . ^ 

Confidi'ring ti)c relations in which we 
(land to God, as of crcatuics-fo their 
Creator, aud as of lubjctl': to the moral 
Governor of the woi|u ; we ought tcp 
have a primary refpc^l unto him, as tic 
Being to whom we arc accountable : yet 
this unhspp. man> whofe ca(c 1 am con- 
fultripj^, has no ide.. of his rciation to 
Goo, or his profptct in another. WOil<! j 
the foujce of his anxiety l^ his imaiinary 
honour, and that * a perpitual itijamy 
nvohU bt ajSixed to kis mcfhorj, *[ h u r_- 1 f 
we muu elteciii this abfurd word, *• ho- 
nour," to Ijc the idol of infuicliiv, jtul a 
ftrong deliifiony with wliish a moJciri 
age, cnvmies to divine truth, aru mi(c- 
rablv impofcd on. Or could a mani 
guilcv of fuch black and complic^ncij. 
crimes) one who had vioiatcd tlic mar- 

of fcnfualitv overclouds the underdand* iiagc Hcd, and imbrued his handb in the 
ing, deftroys the degree of libeny en- b\ood of his w]fe, could he diilrcf'* him- 

truAed to our hands; centers the mind on 
one ol>jc£l, however mean and dcfpica- 
ble, and hurries it away in the temporary 
madnefs of impetuous heat and craving 
defires. Thus D'tntrei:afteaux, to pre- 
serve the continuance of his pleafure, 
:|nd the reputation of his miAreU) a£ted 
the affafTrn's part againft a young and 
amiable wife, whofe only erime was hei* 
alliance with him ; and this is apologized 

fclf with " tie hrurj' of his honour f^* 
If difhonourable adlions can alone render 
us fo, what ctKild bt- wanting to make 
the meafure of his infamj? (V^nnplcte. who 
had rhus violated the moft faci*ctl uia-l 
tjoafliips in (ocial life? The appichcni 
(ions for his honour are the cau^c of his 
miferv, and no fc^ard to that G* d whofb 
laws lie hid tranlgreitcd, whofe creatur^ 

he had dcfiroycd, and whofc anger ho 
for as proceeding from " a fentiwunt of had incurred^ and already liegan fo ftell 
bon9ur carried to txcefs,^ Un the com- Hut here intidulity is conliftcnt in it'' er- 
miflion of this al>ominabIe crime, he fuf- ror and its licltiuction ; as it rob:, of 

fers all the corrodings of conlcicnce, and 
the ftings of remorfe. He is defeated in 
the end propofed ; torn with diflraf^ions^ 
and calhng for death as a refuge from 
his miferv. Thus infidelity and deiPm 
produce tiiofe evils which thty cannot 
Support t they can neither retrain the 
impetuoiity of paHlon from ruihing to 
fenfual ^^ihcations, nor fortify thd 
xnind again ft the painful feoie of euilt 
which thefe produce, and this pblltive 
cvilt which they infli£t. Althoii^h man 
may endeavour to contrail his mind by 
ibiidclity, to familtarite hid) with thtt 
inte^oiitand degrading fccnet of vice; 
and to footh himfelf with the gloomy 
Kopes of non-e%i(lence ; yet conlcience 

his comfort here, fo it docs of his l;opea 
hereafter: the dark and |>loomy piolj^ft 
of annihilation is all that it can pM-.niil<f 
to its deluded votary, that thus he fliall 
He as though he had never been l»crn, 
Suppofing for a motheht that the cafe 
\vas Goiihtfiil, how is all. natural ordcc 
invtitcd I The bad inan ^<;jolcrfi tiiat !.«: 
has nothing to fear, and the good ma.i 
may u* Ipdnd that he ha » norhihg to hopi 
foK j:ut. blelFcd be Gob i this lad ie«« 
fugc of infidelity will fail, as vVcll is tha 
red : all nar'jre indicaiVjs* all rcvclariori 
proclaims; ihat m'an WiU :!v- a^ain, 
Mow mlferable then is their Jatc likely to 
be, who have encouraged ihenfeUcb in 
vice, and trailed to annihilation for thcii: 

iannot be deQroyed i and u loii| at thai iecMty 1 Pygr P'Ejitrectiicavx, ckOf gH 

534 £^ ^M»i 9f BtrJb^ ^c. Sffer htS.m^dV. Britaitf. 

hart hft faScred ** the Umrs rf rf 

marftf**' jtt intreated for death, which 
^^» to be " the recruify •/ bis wrhtitf 
ihs fjfifir^aivmof his boM0Wf end thgimi 
efbis mfmes.'* The grand experiment 
•f death will dcAro^ this error, their 
liA deluiioD : the time of prohatton 
^cafcs, and now they muft eat the fruit 
•f their own doing* n>uft reccirc the 
"wages of vice and folly, even inifery 
mnd diflrcfs. 

Here I am drawing no fanciful pic« 
Wrc, proceeding from a gloomy mind ; 
I>ut offering a few obfcnrattons on fa6bv 
4»n infidelity reduced to pra6^ice. A re* 
2:ard for the interefts of Chriflianity, 
and an afTcftipn for ail mankind, in- 
duces me to warn them from this, not 
So let the a£^ions of vice incline them to 
^fidelity, as the principles of unbelief 
urge them to the commillion of (in, and 
vromife thtm fccurity in their unlawful 
indulgences ; left, like D*Encreca(leauz» 
thcjr JufTer the horrors of remorfe, feel 
tlieir life to be a burthen, and their pro- 
:fee£ts of futurity to be clouded with' 
«u:k annihilation. 

Yours, &c W. A. 

Richmond y Yorijbiriy Nov. 6, 1784* 
',Mii. Ukuan, 

OEEINO fomc cxprcfllons of defire 
^ from your corrcfpondcnts Raymitmd 
SM^d' T. C. of knowing the different 
liannes of fubje£ls of natural hiftory in 
vtnous parts, I have hadily put together 
the following anecdotes, which, when 
1 have more leifure, may be followed 
^iih fomc more interefling, being at 
prcfent h aliened in time^. 

The foumart^ not fumart^ undoubt- 
edly one of the names of tlie poU-cat, 
frequcniiy alfo called //c^//, is the mttf' 
tflaputorius of Linncus. The putoii of 
Sum^n moll probably is a corruption 
ft*om faux^martit or fnlfe martin » to 
diftinguiih it from the true, or what is 
called in the north of Yorkfhire the 
f*wiet mariiit or marte, of which alfo are 
two fpccics; our common one, which 
BuflToQ calls la^, and the pi/tg mar' 
tiM of Penman r, av yellonu'throatid mar- 
gifif not very common in Etigland, but 
has io WaU.v a di(l'm6b name, via. bgla 
go*d, which fi^nlfies nvcoJ martin. The 
common wcaiclj I own, according to 
Ikli. R^y, has been fomctimes called in 
TorkiliiVe fiicbsi^ ond foumart -y but, 1 
behevc, ndvcr at prefent, Thc/o/if, 
t^t/aiift is frequently, by the ¥ul]^r, 
conirvubdcd with the common weuU, 
t^hich it much refitmbies, Inu it v«j[ 


diftiagiiilhablc both hj itt fuperior Stei> 
its roofily inhabidng fields and hcdgtt^ 
and principally by die length of itt tail» 
and having always, whether in the 
nvbin or bronvM ftate, near an inch of 
black at the end ; this, when white, is* 
the true trmi/u, though perhaps inferior 
to thofe of more nonhern countries : it 
is frequently found in a perfe£k ^vbite 
ftate in the north of Torkjhirg, though> 
the end of the tail it invariably the* 
fame. This, is what is made ufe of to 
make the black fpots in ermine tippets^ 
&c. it is the mufiela grminea of JLin-' 
neus. Our common weafel foioctimer 
turns white, but may be always diftin* 
guiflied by its inferiority of iize, Ibort* 
nefs of legs, and principally by th» 
fhonnefs or tail, and want of blacK tip. 
It feems to have been noticed, by Lin** 
naens,. in its n^biti (late only^ in which 

erobably if is- modly fcen in Sweden ;' 
eing, as I apprehend, his mvflila «i* 
vo/fi. Many birds andanimals feem t» 
have particular names in thefe parts ^ 
hadgirs, befides being called bofons^ 
greys, and bocks, are here cabled pates^ 
HyidpickiTs mo^ly y.1 believe, the green, 
pickatreeSf gold-fincbes^ red-caps i yel^ 
knjO'bammerjy. gold fpinks^ and alfo ^fAt 
lonuyoulrifigs i cbafincbes^ mobile linnets ^ 
and dill, as obfcrvcd in the lad century 
by Ray, the true turhot is called a bret^ 
and the boUibut a turbot, 

Thefe very hafty obfervations I fend^ 
having an opportunity ; if wonh infcrt-- 
in|;, may lend more when time per«^ 

Yours, &c. ZoopHitQS. 

Ma. Urban, Montr ofe, Dec, i. 

I AM obiiecd to your coriefpondent' 
from Berkfliiie, who fignifies, vol. 
LIV. p, 37J, his approbation of the 
plan I propofed for the advancement oF 
natural knowledge. He afcertains the 
ox^e to be the greater tom^titj and- 
mentions that the two leflxr fpecies are 
called, the one tom^ub, and the other 
blue-lottlg, I fball be glad to confult 
Albin's " Nat. Uift." but it may be 
fome time before 1 can fee it in this fe- 
queftercd comer. K G. determines the 
fitmart to be the polecat ^ on the autho- 
rity of Ray's «♦ Coliedtjon of Northern' 
Words,*' of which 1 had once a copy^ 
but have fome how loft it. . 

To S. H. 1 can freely fay, that if th^ 
propofed corre^ion of Macbeth in th» 

<* Aroint thee witch!" 
eta bo defcadcd itt' ^er <c()^ftf, it^ 

Kalit tfa niw Ettrgrf LffHtulim in Montrofe* 


wilt Hfl^ itt ^fwmd in this : for uni« 
serially in thit put of the country the 
MTmine is eftecmed a nnB^ervative againft 
witchcraft, i lia^e icen a branch of it 
fijLCtd above the door«f a byre, or cow* 
lioulcy to ward off evil from the beails 
within. And Iience alfo the diftich, 

^* A ramree* and a red thread 
Can (nakes) an (all) ilie witchei dance to 
dead (death)." 

It feems hiehly probable that the failor^t 
vrife fhould threaten the witch in thcfe 
terms: •* I've rantrce, witch !'* 

Where any more fynonyms occtxr, I 
ftall readily communicate them. 

Yours, &c. T. C. 

Ma. U R B av » ^ Montrofi^ Jtm 1 8^ 

AS your Magazine is the repuficory 
or every thing iaterefUng to fociety 
or literature, I take the liberty to fend 
jou an account of an tnftitntion which is 
juft cllahliflied here. I hope it will be 
acceptable to feveral of your readersi and 
I heanily wi(b that our example may in- 
duce others «> tnftitute fimiltr (ocieties 
in the to\f ne wlMna they refide. People 
in fraall peaces tabouriuidcr manjf difad- 
vantages | but chey may do oHicn to rt* 
mcdy them by unanimity. If a plan of 
this kind be properly condn£led, nochine 
can tend more to diffufe knowledge, and 
promote liberidity of ientiment among 
mankind. Youn» T. C. 

AT a general meeting of the iubiieri- 
bers to the Montrofe Library, the fol- 
lowing regulations were agreed upon i 
CoMcordia ns tarvgt crefcunU 

I. Every fubfcriber to pay one gui- 
nea yearly, in the month of January : 
the nrft guinea to be paid in the month 
of June, as fome months of 1783 are 
already clapfed. Subicribers are net 
bound to prefcnt books, as originally 
propofcd ; out all donations, either from 
fubfcribers, or others, will be thank- 
fully received, and entered in the Jour- 
nal of the fociety. 

II. The books to be depoficcd in a 
room in town, hired for the purpoH ; 
and any fubfcriber may caufc a key to 
be made for himfclf, at his own ex- 

III. Two managers and a fccrctary 
to be choiea annually by a majority of 
fubfciibers, who (hall attend at a gene- 
ral meeting. Thefe three to have full 

power to pnrchafe books, 'caufe them ro 
be bound, and do every thing elfc that ' 
may be necefTary. 

IV. The fociety to have three white 
paper books placed in their libiary; a 
CATALOGUE to contain a liH of the 
books, with the prices of each ; a 
JOURNAL, to contain minutes of their 
tranfa6iions and rcfolurinns, account of 
donations, &c. &c. ^ and a aEGlSTER* 
to contain a lift of books taken out of 
the library. 

V^ Every fubfcriber uking out any 
book, is to mark it in the Hegifttr ia 
the following manner X ''June 10, 17R5, 
Oibbon'sRoraan Hiftory, vol. I. A.B." 

VI. Until a book ha> been fix montiit 
in the library, n^^ perfup tu be at liberty 
to keep it 9\,.*.: eight days at once, upon 
penalty of 6d. a day. After fix months. 
It fiuy l)« kept oDe month at a time. 
Subfcribers not to fend fcrvants, Init cip 
thcr to call themfelves, or caufe anotlier 
fubfcril)cr to bring them books out of 
tlie library. 

VI L Subfcribers are not to give ^ 
books to one another, but to return them 
to the library after their time is out« No 
one to take out a new book a fecond 
time, until it hu been lodged by him 
eight days in the library, it any fub- 
fcriber nndt a book out that he wiflied to 
fee, be is to mark in the Regti^er the date 
when he called, which willfccure to him 
a preference when the book is returned to 
the library. 

Vni. On the lafi: week of the year all 
the books are to be returned vb the li- 
braqr, in order that it may be feen if any 
of tnem are mi (Ting. 

IX. Subfcribers are not to lend the 
hooka to others out of their own family, 
as the expencc of the fubfcription i» mo- 
derate ; and it is not thougbt rcafonahle 
that others (hould prctit at the cxpeoce 
of the generous few. 

X. The books to be bought arc chief- 
ly the bed new l)ooks in Hiflory, Belles 
Lettres, Voyages and Travels, Antic} ui- 
tics. Natural and Moral Philofophy, and 
Theology, Some part of the money to 
be rcfervcd for purchafing fl:.ndard woikt 
already puhlifticd. 

XI. No Romances to be admitted, 
unlefs prcfented, or when a p.<rricu1ar 
exception is made in favour «>f n wurk of 
fupcrior excellence, fuch as Mif;, Bar- 
ney's Cecilia. 

XII. It is undciOood that the mana- 
gers will employ the lubfcription nionev 
in luch a way as to fuit, aa mucii as -^of- 
6ble, the general u^lc k)V \W WuVmtvv.v^ > 


Mffi9 Ml tilnimfp 

fnd, on tbe other hand, it is hoped, that 

Ikofuhfcribtr, if the books are gentraliy 
a^ceablc, will take it amifs, if fame few 
are introduced that may not fuit his tatle, 
or plan of reaciini;, the whole fiicccfs of 
the pUn depecdiH^ on unanimity. Tlic 
greater pa it of the money is to be laid 
put in buying books adapted to general 
fading! ^^d only aTmall part to (>e de- 
voted to pi^fcfiional books in Medicine, 
Commerce, Thfcoiogy. Profcllional 
buoks of Thcologv arc underdood to be 
iuAh as Qifcufs tlie controveriies amons^ 
Chriftianv. Books in defence of Oiriui- 
anitv, illiiftrations of the SacrcJ Writ- 
iMgs, and Sermons, are not profilTiohal 
•liookSf liecaufc it belongs to every man, 
fnore or lefs, to know tbe'gn>unds of 
our common religion, to VnitcrHand the 
Bcriprure;, and to be put in mind of the 
important duties enjoined in them. So 
"ffiiuch of this article as provides, that 
prnfefTional books (hall not Ih: tola/lj^ 
.and iti every cai'e excl^ied, is to be fun- 
damental and unalterable. 
'•Xlil.' Quarto volumes, publilhed ct 
. I>ondon, not to be lx>ught till they com'e 
to odavos, unlefs in panicular cafes, or 
vhen, from the nature of the work, it 
ran not be expc£4L'd t6 be rp-printpd iti 
p£^avo. •■ • 

• XIV. If any ful/cri her leave the coun- 
try, or withdraw his fubCcription, the 
)H>oks remain the property of thofe who 
continue tht fchemc ; but he may trans- 
fer his propcitv in the library to any 
other p^rfon, who ihali then begin to be 
k rubfv4il)€r. 

- XV. Sul^criheis, v/ho wifli any parti- 
cular books to he i^ought, may rccoixi- 
fiicnd. thetii to ihc fecrstaryj who is then 
io confult the manat>ers ' 

XVI. Manai'cis tor nS^, Rev. Mr. 
Kc««y, Dr. Mudie; Thomas Chriftie, 

' N. B. Next year fome rule is to be 
£xed as to the teims of admiiting thofe 
wtio Hull become tubfcril>er^ afzcr the 
^rii: > The prcl'ent number of fub- 
fcril«:ri is 36, who arc perionsof all na- 
tions, fcti.>| and profcil'.Qds. ' 

Mr. Urban, 

TH t h>llo\viner cflay (defcftivc n'. it 
may uppcar) m^)', perhaps, excite 
frimc abiC Ct'!iilpO..'itvut . to pcrfcft its 
0.)jc<^- Vcur^, Vmi — Bo — !-us« 

An essay o> thinking. * 
^ Wiut cm wc r«aloii, but frum what we 

\ 1.0 V : . . 

Of wan what frc* bat his fl;ition here, 
Fruu \Tliw*iCC CO SKmiifUp^d Co ^hich (tf«r^'* 
/. I'crfi. 

Mathematical and phitofophical cmtfci^ 
when firfl difcovered, did not then begitt 
to l)e fo; they were fa£^s before knowi^ 
to the difcovcre^s. The animalculse dif* 
covered by microfcopes Wfcre in motioi| 
before thcfe glaii'es made iliero apparent 
to mankind to be fo. The teiefcopiti 
Oars were alfo in the rcfpe£live flationSf 
affigned b/ the Author q\ nature, beforf 
al\ronomcrs could fee them. As the a£t 
left the U(^y fp perhaps it has remained, 
and will remain, al^hopgh hidorians and 
their readers may be in a great doubt an^ 
fufpence of it. In like i^anncr, had ic 
not been for that part of thinking in deep 
^hich the memory retains, it fcarcely 
could have l)een imagined, that there 
was u lUccefTion of ideas in the mind, 
when 'the Tcnfes, by fleep, were in a very 
high degree impaired in their rcfpe6iive 
fun6lipDS. To the candid mind, that i^ 
plcafeci with truth from wltatever quarter 
It comes I that regards not the dreis, bu( 
the matter it contains; that will follow 
in the reading of this (he maxim of tho 
poet, that " '• 

** Errors, (ijce (Irawe, i^pon tbe furface flow>; 
^ut tiiey tl^t fi(b fur pearl mufi dive delow }'* 

to fuoh this elTay is Aibtnittcd. It \\a$ 
been difputed by iome men, that the 
minds of mankind do not alwavs thini^ 
when their rcfpedlive bodies are deeping. 
To prove that they do, is the intention of 
tills humble cilay. ' The arguments ace 
taken from what every mah expcrience<|^ 
and may rcHett upon, by obferving wha^ 
pall'cs in his own mind. I (hall divide 
this elfay into two propoiitions, and tbc 
confe(|uenpe Rowing from thcrot 

Propos;tion I. 

That though thp mind always thinl^t 
when the boi(y is awake, or when the 
fenfps peifoiqi thuir rcfpc£iivc offices, at 
objedls arc prefcnted to them i yet tho 
m^-mory, however retentive, lofes much 
of ilic fucccHion of ideas in the mind. 

1 he firll thing that led me to this w^y 
pf thinking was reading a newfpaper* 
Let a pcrlon take a paper of this ki^d 
and read it all ; there can be no doubt, 
that during the time he is reading, that 
lie is alio thinkitvr. Afk him, Vvhat if 
in the ^^aper ? It t^urc is any thing good 
or bad to the community, his memory will 
retain that. If thqre is any thing good or 
bad to him« his fncnd;?, or acquaintance { 
if there is liny thing good itr bad to his 
religion i if tin re is any thing witty or 
fenhble; if there is any thitig marvellous, 
- fuch as murders, robberies, or fuch like : 

ia ibort; whaufcff €oao Ikmac to ^ 

tyfif m fhttMng, 


piu^s bu&itrs tnd bofom, the memorv 
will retain put> if not all : yet, through 
the whole, there will be a great deal of 
thinking which the memory does not re- 
tain. If a man is in a feie£t or a mij(t 
eompanv* whatever is witty, fenfible, 
reafonahle, humane, modeO, refpe^ful, 
facetious, polite, &c. or their oppofites, 
may perhaps be retained by the memory : 
let him, after being fomc hours in com- 
pany, withdraw, and try to recoiled the 
whole fucceifion of ideas that palTcd in 
his mind in that time i he will nnd that 
the memory, thoush it retains part of the 
chinking, vet it hat loft a very great 
quantity of it. 

If a perfon hears a fermon, or a le£Vure 
in any fcicnce, he may, upon recollec- 
tion, find the memory retains the divi(i- 
ons of the fubjcd, the principal argu- 
ments, the general tendency, or do^nne, 
through the difcourfe ; Aill he will find 
a great deal of the fucceflion of ideas 
have efcaped the Aorchoufe of the mind. 

If a man on a journey meets with any 
thing beautiful or ugly, pkaling or dii- 

fufling, profperous or adverfe, either to 
imfelf or his acquaintance, the memory 
will probably rctfiin thcfe ideas. But, 
ffter all this journey, let him try to re- 
polled the wliole lucccfllon of ideas in 
his mind during that time, he will 6nd a 
l^a^ part has el'caped the memor}'. 

If a perfon reads an author once, and 
afterwards the fame book over again; 
\ipon the fecond reading he will retain in 
memory more of the beauties, the fpiric, 
and arguments of the author, than in the 
Hrft I this is a demon (Iration, that pait 
tfcaped the retentive faculty on the (irft 
reading. A third will be attended with 
the fame effect. Every fchool-boy knows 
this to be ciue, by repeating his Gram- 
mar. ^ 

Proposition IT. 
That the mind thinks when the body 
is flec^Ang, is very clear to every perfon 
who refletis upon it, from what the me* 
mory lietains of that thinking. And 
what the memory retains in deep, (Irong- 
)y and perfcdly refembks that which it 
retains when awake. 

What the memory rcuins of thinking 
in ileep, is get^erally of the marvellous, 
highly profoerous or adverfe to the party 
or his friendv, highly plcafing or dif^uf:- 
inj^ to the fame party ; all this is the lame 
with what is retained when awake, in 
Ihort, wfaaitfrer ihinkin? materially af- 
lie^U the ^Tof^ty, weinre, fafcty, and 
peace of tf'penon, wiU'be retained bv the 
mernaq^ fViMCte flocpirig ^' awiuic. 

This holds good alfo in the circles of a 
man's friends or neighbours. From xhc 
lowed degree, or point of attention to the 
fucceiHon of ideas in the mind, to the 
higheft degree, or point of anxiety to re* 
tain tbem; the nearer thinking approaches 
to the latter, the more fure the memory 
is to retain it, whether the body is ileep* 
ine or awake ; the nearer it approaciies 
to the former point, the more likely iti 
to efcape the retentive faculty of tUo 

The Consequence* 
By propofition the firii, it is evident, 
that while the body is awake, although 
there is a conilant fucceflion of ideas la 
the mind, a great part of them efcape 
the memory. Can it be imagined that 
the fame does not happen when deeping f 
That what the memory retains when the 
body is (lecpins, is only a part of the 
fucct'flion of ideas that pa(s then and 
there. Is it probable that the mind Aana 
from non-thinking to thinking when the 
memory begins to retain ? In all the ope- 
rations of nature, the tranfition from one 
extreme to the other is gi adual and pro- 
grelllve. Oblenc it in that of day to 
nijght, and night to day ; in the fesUbns 
ofthe year ; in the diHerent clallcb in the 
animal, vegetable, and mineral kjr.g- 
doms, and even in the kingdoms tUcui- 
felves. If the mind, when the l)ody is 
deeping, does think, and it elcapes the 
memory, what is this more than what 
happens when awakej? And what the 
memory retains, in both cafes, fltongly 
and juiily rcfembles each other. Why 
not al(b refemble each other in what 
palfes off, like a cloud in a fun-diine 
day, leaving no trace behind ? Between 
the degree of leaft auention to, and 
^rcareft anxiety for, the retaining th« 
idea;* in the memory, falls the whole fi^sld 
ofthinkmg. When awake, the iucccf- 
fion of ideas fall at or near both ex- 
tremes i but if we do not always think 
in deep, then the fucceflion ot irJeaii falls 
only near the laft of theie cxiiemes, 
which lall poiition cannot be the cale. 
Behdes, tlicre are people who dream, 
and know they have done fo, the 
particulars have efcaped the memory. 
Ihik is bringing thinking awake, and 
when deeping, to a pertcfi finiilaiitv. 
Sleep is often and truly laid^ to leiembln 
death ; fo thinking in deep may be as 
jaflly 4ii\d to refemble the date ol the k)ul 
after death. What a delightful and 
t>leantig proof, profpefl, apd toictafte of 
the immortahty of the foul^ do tlicie 

538 Amciottt of D$mi SmMu-^Sioij tfa^rtmlfbr Defamation. 

AVING inenn.ooed the impropriety 
of writine; tlie nime Antomy with an 
k in the . middle, permit me to eo odc 
Acp farther on tlwfubjcftof philoWy, 
and to mention aDoihci name in a fimilar 
iknation. vm, that of Nieclsu ; this name 
it truly Greek, Nu^Va«(, Nicolaus, a^d 
\% interpreted to figoify pffttHwihr^ be- 
ing derived from iMav, vxnco, and Xx«f, 
populus ; cenainly then there can be no 
tf|Ucfttoii as to the orthography of this, 
any moie than the Brft mentioned name : 
let Of. thercfure, fee no more of Anthony 
ms J/khiasp but let ut in future write 
them, at in old books we frequently find 
ihero, Af{t$My and Ni^oias, unlcfs it can 
ht demon itrated that this is not their 
gnonroatical orthoeraphy. 

Having met with an extra A from Mr. 
Bheridan't " Life of Swift," I t^nd w- 
corded in it a flory of what^patTed be». 
twecn him and Dr. Arhuthnot, the ^oijrf 
of which U io{f tor want of recording the 
Whole. Swift, whofe finances were ^t 
that time probably but m a low ftate, 
was fUfiding in the ccffee^houfe im his 
robes (a drcfs wluch t<>c der^y in thofe 
«Uiyi almoft always appeared in), and the 
Dodor obfen-ing that they looked very 
4uiiy and fliabby, took hold of them, 
ineteoding that he meant to ihake ibe 
duft out of them upon a letter which he 
}iad juft wiitten i which produced the re- 
tort that Sheridan mentions, ** I hare 
the gravel, and if you*U give me your 
kttcr, I'll p— upon it." 'to thi* let me 
#dd aBothcr ftory that I have lieard of 
tlie Dean, which, perhaps, you may 
tliUik wortliy of a place in your valuable 
Miicellany, if it hts not yet been gi? en to 
the public, wluch is as follows : Early 
in life lie was once preaching an ailite 
ferroon in Ireland, and in the courfe of 
it was very feverc u,pon the council, tor 
pleading for people againfl their own 
cpnfcieqccs, After dinnes a young bar* 
rit^er, nor knowing whom he had to deal 
with, thought he would be even with the 
parfon, and having faid a great many (e* 
vere things againft the clcigy, which the 
Dodor took no notice of, at lengrh faid, 
*' that if tlte devil wcie to die, he did not 
doubt but a parfon might l>c found who 
would preach him a funeral fermon." 
" Yes, Sir." fays Swifr, •• I would wil- 
linglv tkke that office mvTelf, and X 
would ^hi ihi ikvU his Jue, as 1 did 
kh (hUdrfn this morning." 

In vour left vol. p. 8K8, col. a, for 
FfilmXyill. read CXVlll. P. 957, 
col. I. Sir f f aocis ChtfUoa was comp* 

troller of the Penny Poft-office. P. ^^^ 
col. t, m;ar the bottom, for George £arl 
Nugent, read £«rl Temple« 

Yours, &c £• 

Dr! bur N^ in his *' Ecclefiaftical 
Law," has cited many cafes of de- 
famation : and, if I am not miAakcn, ail 
of them have reference to words that af« 
fecled the charafiers of individuals. But 
it is certain that a common defamcr of 
any town or pari ft was formerly liable to 
the ceofurts of the (pi ritual court ; and a 
variety of iaftances, in fupport of its ju- 
rifdi6lioo in tliis re1pe6^, occur in the 
confiilorial a^s of the dioccfc of Rochef^ 
ter. The fuliowing is a tranflated ab« 
iira£^ of a ratlier curious procefs of tlijf 
kind, which you may infert in ^our Ma« 
gazine, ihould you be of opinion it will 
aUbrd any entertainment to your readers* 

'* A. 1518, Feb. a6. At a confiilory 
court held in the church of St. Peter's ia 
Tiinbridge. A libel was preferred againft 
Thomas Henley as a general defamer of 
his neighbours, by having faid in SngUfli 
m^Thirg is ntoir a good nuomam txctpt mn 
nuij€ and otbtr three Huomtm dweify^ge m 
Cbetbam panjhe. He denied the charge § 
but, by the oaths of fuflicient wicnelies, 
was proved to have uttered thefe or die 
like words in his own houfe, and the of. 
ficial (iiicovercd alfo many ftiong pre* 
fumptions of his guilt. A fatutary pe* 
nance was therefore enjoined, to wluch 
he, at Uttgtlk, humbly fubmitted, tho' 
not tilliie found he was in danger of be* 
ing^ excommunicated by a late provin* 
cial conftitution. The fcntence of tlie 
court was, that in the morning of the 
next Lord's day, he ihould be whipped 
at the head of the proccdion in his own 
parifli church, being covered only witli a 
linen cloth alter the manner of penitents, 
and holding a wax taper in his hand ; and 
thar, when die pruceflion was ended, he 
Ihould upon his knees declare to his 
neighbours-—/ kno^u no 'worj'e of jour 
'vityffi theiH J do hjmj o*wff, anJ there/ore 
I praye jott alle mtn and *WYffs Jorgrv0 
my preiyn,'* It was further onieicd, 
that he Ihould, on the enfuing market** 
day, in the city of Kocheilcr, be con- 
veyed as a penitent round the market, 
preceded by ihc apparitor. 

According to the leained Dr. B. in 
his ** Juftice of the Peace," a writing 
which inveighs againA mankind in gene« 
ral, 01 againft a particular order of men, 
as for inftance, againft men af the gown, 
is no libel. It ihould iieem, however, 
that thfl afoi€iai4 ThoBia&Uoaiey was pre. 


(JffPtafirrataiPuNicmns Twidnfurin ag^ 

fhrtdMb 9t 8 ^MANleet u a conunon btr- 
Mor, in tntng; fprea4 a faiie and ca* 
Mnmtiiig repotf^ thac hail a tenancy to 
atdttdHMrdao^difquict in the neigh- 


pleafc mofl. Tljcy arc as crafty with an 
old ^lavy as bauds with olde faces ; tlic 
one puts on a new frefli . colour, tlia 
other a new face ami name r they prac- 

boarhood ; nor can there be a doubt of tife a Orange order, for moA cotniDonlv 

Im having dtfenrcd at fe^ere a puoifii- the wifeft man is the foole : they arc 

nent at lead at the duckin^-AooI, which much beholden to fchollcry that are out 

our anceihurt are fald to have moft unpo- of neanes ) for they fell them ware the 

litely confined to a female fcold^. And cheaped : they hauc no peat reafon to 

liad it been the praQice to impanel wo- 
man to try a banator (nor can any fuffi- 
ttent reailoa be afligned why they were 
aot qualified for jurors upon fuch an in- 
di6lment t)» what ingenuity and powers 
of oratorr mu(l the ftewaid of the Icet 
kinre poileiTedy to hare ctnivinced twelve 
good wyffsy that after hearing the above 
Sefamatmy worus read in evidence, they 

loue puritans, for they hold their calling 
vnlawftiU. New plarcs and new cloatKee. 
many times help bad a£lions : they pra/ 
the company that's in, to l\eare them pa* 
licntly, yet they would not fuffer thcnt 
to come in without payment : they fay at 
fchollers new vfe to fay, there are fo ma- 
ny, that one foa could find in hit heait 
to eatt his fellow : a player often 

were, beeaufc not lawyers, ineompetent changes, now he a£ts a monarch, to- 
to judze of, and decide upon, the ilan* morrow a beggar : now a fuuldicr, nexr 

dcfovt latention of the prater 1 W. & D^ 


Mft. UsiANr Si/b9psgate. 

T may afford fbme amufement to your 
readers to be informed, in the pedan- 

a taylor t their f pccch is loud, but neucr 
extcmpoft i> he fcldome fpcakes his owa 
mtnde, or in his owu name t when meit 
are hecrc, and when at church, they are o£ 
contrary mindcs, there they thinke the 

tical fly le of the reign of Qgeen Elizabeth, time too long, but here too fhort : moft 
what degree of reputation Players and commonly when the pfay h done, you 

^blicant fhared about two centuries 
fioce. The following chara&cr is ex- 
tra^ed from a fmall obfcure book, lu- 
dicroufly entitled, ^ London and the 
Countrv carbonadoed and quanered," 
1^ D. Lupton; printed at London, i6o2« 
what is liere preferred mi^y ferve as a 
fpecimen of the wit of the age among 
the vulgar at that memorable period. 

Yours, n. LiMOINB. 

<< TIME, place, fabjcfV, a£lors, and 
^loathes, either nuke or marr a play ; 
i;he prologue and epilogue are like to an 
|K>ft and hofUflc, one bidding thetr gurfts 
welcome, the other b'dding them far- 
well: the a6tors are like Idruing-roen, 
chat bring in the fceanet and a£ts as their 
Bieate^ wiuch are lik'd or diflik'd, ac- 
cording to euery mans iudgcmcnr, the 

seated drefV, and faircft dcliuercd, dorh 

J - ^ ■ ■• —■-■■— - . ■■ ■ 

* ComcDunit br«ciatrix, uvc iiAaifii, m 
the femintne geodcr. 

f 9ee a note under the title ** Nufance" 
ii Dr. Burn's « Juilicc.*' 

ihal haue a jig^re or dance of al tradt^ 
tbcy oiean to put their legs to i.> as well 
as their tongs : they make nen wonder 
when they haue done, for tbty all clappe- 
their hands. Sometimct iliey flye into 
the countrey i but tit a iSifpicion,- that 
they are either poore, or want cloath8,or 
eife company, or a new play : or cio at 
fbmc wandring fermonilh, make one fer- 
mon trauaile and fcrve rwebty churches. 
All their care is to be like apes, mimmi- 
tate and exprclle other mens aflions in 
their own pcrCons: they loue not the 
company of gecfc or fcrpents, btcaufe of 
their hi(!ing : they are many times lovrv 
zy, it's Grange, and yet ihift fo otten : 
as ao alehoufe in the country is Uliuiden 
to a wilde fchooiemaitcr, 1o an wlioore- 
hottfe to fome of thefe, ibr they l}Oth 
fpend a! I they get. Well, I like tlicm 
well, if when they i€t vice they will 
leave it, and when vcrruc, they will fol- 
low. 1 ipcak no moic of them,' but when 
I plcafe, I will conic ami (ct them. 
(7o Le coKtiruid.) 


K £ 



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JtiiniW tf Niw TuilUaiiont, 

I SEND you a review of a book, the 
penifal of which, I prcfume, will fail 
to few of your readers, but which de* 
fenres to be more known* It is << iVeir- 
<' nfiou V^yagt in Efpagne, fait n 1 777 
<^ AT 1774 9 ^^oi» Uquel m traits d$s 
^* Mitmrs, du CtaraSere, Sec* A Lon* 
« dres tt a Paris, 1781, 1 Toawj," 8vo. 

" groaned to fee the proiid and natural 
" terraces of thcfe inctianted gardens, 
'< p^ived i^ companroents, and this 
" place, which was another time the 
'* centre of Aiiatic voluptuoufnefs, to 
*' be reduced to that of fimple reeds, as 
'' the barren corner of a cloifter of Ca- 
" puchins. The pure air which is 
** drawn in at Generalife, the (imp[e 

VI, A New Journey into Spain, in '^ Moorifh flnifhire, the clcarnefs ai^d 
<' the Years 1777*8. in which is given '< abundance of the waters^ called ba^l^ 

^ an Account of the Manners, Charac- 
'* tcr, ancient and modem Monuments, 
^^ Cemmerpe, Theatre, Legiilacion of 
^ the feveral Tribunals of this King- 
''dMn, and of the Inquifition; with 
'' new Details of their prefent Sute, 
*< and on a recent and famous Proceed-* 
** ing." This is an hiftory of tlie af- 
fair of Von Fabh de OUeuidis^ which 
Baron Dillon copioufly relates at the 
end of his Letters on Spanifh Poetrv. 
On cafually enquiring for the book, 
near two years fince, I was repeatedly 
informed that it was out of print. An- 

^* to me the time when Gtanada was. 
'' one of the fined towns of the world- 
<< It is now fad and dcfcrted; a totfil 
" alteration of manners $ another g9- 
<* vernment has totally annihilated it« 
" glory." lb. 208, 9. 

** The firft church I entered at Antf^ 
*' quera, I heard, from everv part, tb« 
" linging of birds. I fcarched to difi 
" cover their habitation, which they 
** had been able to make in this holy 
** and frequented place, when I difco- 
** vcred feveral cages pung in different 
'* chapels, whea* tney force the finches 

other account of it, in Augufi ]aft,was, '< and the larks to fing the praifes of 

that it had^been defignediy fupprcffed; " the Lord. — ^Thc principal cliurch olE 

and this I was difpofed to give credit *' this town has nothing remarkable but 

to from that fieedom of fentiment '^ a very bad figure reprefenting Jcfua 

every where confpicuous throughout ** Chrift in the garden of Olives, ic 

the whole. The religion of their church *' would be difficult to number the 

fecms to be the principal objcft of the ** Quantity of hearts, arms, fccr, and 

ridicule of the author.—** Before we «* thighs of filvcr (fee Middlcton's Lei-' 

•* leave the Mambra," fays he, in his " //r from Rome), which are fufpendcd 

account of Grsmada, ** let us fpcak a •< near the (lake." lb. izS. 
** word of fome monuments which have 
" been deftroyed, and of which tradi- 
** tion and the zeal of the curious have 
•■ preferved the memory. The Fran- 
** cifcan convent, near the palace of 

The church of Utrem is ordinary^ 
" very ordinary ; but there arc fcvcral 
** chapels lichly decorated j and, amoug 
'< others, that of Santiffimo Cbrtfto, whole 
** altar is all of filvcr, in fuch a mannpc 

** Charles the Vth, is conflruaed upon '* that there were before this chapei 

** Moorifh ruins. It was built when 
« Philip V. and Queen Ifabel Farnelc, 
" his wife, came to Granada. Thcfe 
*' monks, without refpe6t fur the old 
** marbles, which atteft the ancient 
** magnificence of their mafters, con- 
** founded them with the vile materials 
** which transformed a voluptuous pa- 
*' lace into idle cells." Tom, 1, 204. 

Ginera^i is the firuation the mofi 
agreeable and tiie mod pi^lurefque in 
the environs of Granada, it is a place 
privileged by nature.—** Ah !*' he ob- 
usrves, ** if a countryman of .f/rr^f and 
*' Rkbardfon was the mafler of this pa- 
*' lace ! There is no place imagined by 
** the makers of romances that can 
** equal it. It is the file which has 
*' (;fven me more regret to fee ir inha- 

** many faithful profirated \ fo much is 
'* a filvcr altar made to infpire devo* 
** tion." lb, 235. 

•• The ftxton of the church of Cor* 
** dova is not wanting to make you ad- 
** mire a crucifix, which a Chrifljail 
** Have, chained to one of the columns 
** of the mofquc, traced upon the fam* 
** column with his thumbnail, which 
** mufl have been very hard ; but no- 

thing is impofllbie with God, as ouc 

guide obfcivcd to us." lb. 287. 

Speaking of the rofary, he remarks^ 
that *• few women go out, walk, play, 
** or make love, without having a ro- 
*• lary in their hand. The men have 
** always one hanging at their ntck. In 
'* their comedies, if they chain the dc- 
*' vii, it is with a lolary; and the devil 


* given me more regret 10 lee u inna- -' vu, it is witn a loiary ; ana ine ucvu 
^bited'by infenfible proprietors. I *' makes horrible hovvfin^s^ by wlacti 
GjCNT. Mag. Jutj^ ii^. •* ihc 

Rsvltw tf Ntwi Pablic0tt(mi» 

** the pood people art always much 
" edified; but don't let us fpeak ill of 
<* the good people, they have a toucljing 
credulity.— How much more intereft- 


ing is the devotion to the dead, tjie 
'« apparitions, the graves ft'rewed with 
'* flowers, watered with holy water !— 
** Every drop of holy water, fays the 
•* prieft, which you fcattcr upon the 
** tomb of the dead, exringuifhes a tittle 
" of the fire of purgatory." Tom, lU 


** The eve of All Souls, in almoft 
•' all the towns and villages of Spain, 
** they place rows of benches in a pub- 
«« lie place, the multitude alTcmblc, and 
" they rfiake a public falc for the profit 
** of the fouls of purgatory. It muft be 
•* known that, feme weeks befdre this 
'* auction, the members of the fraternl- 
<< tics pre-defigncd for this purpofc 
<* make the tour of the houfes, and of 
** the country. They get together every 
** thing that is given them, as fhecp, 
'* lambs, pigeons, pullets, corn, garden- 
*• ftuffi and all there matters, got toge- 
<* rher, arc fold to the highell bidder. 
<* The money arifing fcrvcs to pay for 
«« mnlTcs, The devout pique thcmfelvcs 
•* upon (hi.iing at this fcaft, and a pi- 
■•* gcon is often iohl for fix types above 
" its worth. They go to the chace ; 
•* thty ^ivc balls for the fouU of the de- 
«* parted ; in a wcid, nothing is ncglc£l- 
<* cd to give them all the relief which 
<< can depend upon us. The good God, 
«' touched, doubtlcfs, with fo much hu- 
«* manirv, dees the reft. I was witncfs 
•' of thi-i fefiival in a village of La 
<» Mancha, and I af-ced, upon my re- 
«• turn, my hoficfs, if fhe had given 
<* any thing ? Ah ! tioubtl cfs, anfwcrcd 
'* ibe, with viv'dcity, and the bell of all 
'• the pullets 1 had J — what would not 
<* one do for thcfc poor fouls ?— On All 
* •* Saints day they carry lighted torches 
" over the lomb of their relations, be- 
'* caufe this tvc of Ail Souls, all the 
** fouls make a proceliion, and thole 
** for whom they have i»rolc6lcd to 
** cairy a torch have the miifurtuue to 
** be prcfent with theiir arms crofled. 
** So*ne pcrfons pulh their zeal ilill far- 
•* ther; they take care to prepare the 
•* principal bed of their iioufe, and tD 
'* leave it empty, that it may ferve as a 
** relling-place lor erring fouls.— When 
*' the fick pel fon is in hjs lad moments, 
** lie is covered with the habit of a 
•* monk ; for men and women, if they 
*• would be interred, cannot he but in 
** the lipbit of a raligioub, which every 

•* one chufes according to his dp'^c^tion. 
** and the good fathers rikc care ^o 
** fell very dear the old habits of the 
*' convent." 

The author obferves, t^ a note, that 
" Milton (he muft be cxrufcd, he' was 
** not a Catholic,) places in tht parridife 
*' of fools all thofe who, in the arricle 
** of death, arc covered with the habit 
** of a monk, thinking, in favour of this 
*' difguife, to enter into eternal glory 
" without being known ; but they, I 
" think, make ufe of a bad paflport : 

'* And they who, ttf be fure of paradifey 
** Dying, put on tho weeds of Dominic, 
<<0r in Francifcan think to pafs difguit'd.** 
Paradii ftrduy Lhf. i, 154, 5, 6. 

^' The holy week is for the Spaniards 
" a time of great dilfipation; it is true, 
** that their pleafures are in general 
'.'very tranquil; biit in the holidays 
** the lovers, the devout, and the hypo* 
" critcs, play each ftrangc parts. Tho 
" procefifions made on this week have 
*' been hitherto famous for their extra- 
" vagances; fevera! devotees, their faces 
" malked, naked to their girdle, have 
*' been feen to fcourgc thcmfelvcs, and 
*' to make rivers of blood run from 
*' their bodies. The Apoftles have alfo 
" beea fccn in long pcrriwigs of hemp, 
** holding in their hands great books, 
" and having behind their head a fmall * 
" mirror, to fignify that they kjnew 
** what was to come. In the year 177^ 
"*' the King thought it bad that the^r 
** fhould ufe thele mafks, whippings^ 
'' dances, and that they ihould go with 
** their arms crofTcd. He has prohibit- 
" ed all thefc pious a£ls, under very 
*• heavy penalties, and the proceiiiont 
'* have not been half fo ridiculous. I 
'* have feen one at Malaga on Holy 
** Thurfday. I have known the pcr- 
*' fonages they call Nasutrtnos, or Na- 
" zarenes. Thefe have to thtir habit a 
'< tail, or train, forty feet long; {o that 
^ three Nazarencs occupy the length pf 
** a ftreet, which is very edifying. He 
*' that could have moft (lufif at his tail 
'< is tlie fierceft, and, without doubt, 
*' the roQft devout." /^. 60,1. 

*' Merit, knowlege, a fpirit of juClice 
'* and truth, arc crimes puniHiable in 
** the eyes of the Inquifition ; % it perfe- 
'* cutcs, tooth and nail, the genius apd 
<' the virtues that accompany them.*' 
Ih, III. 

How far it is ftiil dreaded may ap« 
pear from this (lory : *^ An inquifitor 
** of Valencia, walking in the environs 
^' of this town, diTcov^red, near the 

*• great 

Revttw of New PubHcathns. 543 

" great road, a fig-tree, loadcn with try famous for the loves and travels of 

"fruit. He took one, and Ending i( Don Qiiixote, he tells us, that the wo- 

*^ to his palate, learned the name of the men there arc hnndfome and well made ; 

•• froprictor, and without delay furo- that he diTcowrcd in that canton the 

** moned him before him. This was a habits and ciifiom.s which Cervantes has 

'' poor countryinan, who, at the word fo well dtiViihcd in his iiiimitahic bouk. 

** of the inquintor, trembling, and with There is not a iabuuicj, nyt a young 

** tears in !;is eyes, took leave of his wife country pi>I, but ,i'j \\cll acquainttd 

** and lelations, thinking he ihouid with Don Quix'jtc «nd Sanclio. There 

*< never fee them agai*:!. He went, and is, in tIic inn at ^luf^ia. a well time 

*• threw himfelf at the feet of tlie in- bears the i.aij>c oF ihc knight trran;. 

•• quifitor, \\\\o told him only tliat he There this Itr.o kept the watch i)f hit 

'' found his figs excellent, and begged arms. Such it the i(;t and recumpence 

"of him to bring him a bafkcL The of men of gcniui.; their pocfics ^^iv» 

** countryman, traniported with joy, them credit, and with the people rlvni- 

" got up, c^me to his field, filled a fclves they have monuments. So Sbak/" 

^' large balket wiili the fruit, and dug //^r/, among the Englifl],has given his 

** up the tree, that henceforward it name to roads and mountains. /^.jiS. 
** fhould net give him fuch another He expicfics of f/>/tf;>^'j hook of the 

** fr:;;ht." /3. 219. caufcs of crimes, and the means to jrc- 

The author, who refidednot lefsthan vent them, his wifhcs that he had had 

thrcp years in Spain, acquired great time to finiih fo ufcful a work. In this 

knouicge and authentic information of note he acquaints his readers, that rra- 

that kingdom. Granada feems to be veiling had given him fume ideas upon 

his fa vQu rite fpot. "This alone," he this important fubjcch ** I have lien/' 

oblcn'ts, torn. I. 24, " ihcws the traces fays he, ** in general, that the countries 

" of the happ)' days of the reign of the ** where iniluftry and commerce have 

•* IVToors. The Albambra and Gent' ** acquired the hij^belt degree of perfec- 

" rAA/jf would alone fufficc to prove th€ " tion, arc thole where ihcft is mofl 

•' reality of the brilliant dcfcriprions *» multiplied. 1 here is no country 

" wl'cli have been prefeivcd to us in a •* where there are To many robbeis as 

" multitude of Arabian tales > and one "in Kngland." Spain, according to 

•• might lay, without exaggerating too him, is the country where they execute 

** much, that ihc poets wrote after the fewer tlian any where. In near three 

** monuroenis lailtd by the architects, years of his being there, he never heard 

** or that they built after edifices ima- an execution meationcd. 
** gincd by the poets." — Another par- The poUefrmg a book, more valuable 

titular mufl not be omitted: "The for its inirinfic merit than its lingular 

«• country which furrounds it is a tcf • rarity, and which gives pleafure on each 

•* rcflrial paradife'; one fees all around re-perufal, made me defirous of giving 

«* enchanting places,, but fo negle6ltd, your readers Ibine fhare with me. 
•« Nature there ^s fo left to hetlelf, that Junt 10. Yours, &c A. B. 

•* thofc who love her groan at every .«^__ 

«< ftep to lee the little piofit from thole 

«* happy fpots which Ihe offers for em- g^^. Eibliotheca Tofocrafhica Bm- 
<< bellimment and pleafure.— 'They fay tannic a. iV* XXIX, C*Xtainirg on 
** the Mocis regret none of their great Hiftorfcal /ieauvt 0/ the Panjh of Wim- 
•* loffes in Spain but that of Granada. mmt-cun, in the Ccumy «/ Bedford. iTy 
<* They mention it in their evening /i»r /?rv. Oiivi. -^r. J .hn Coop<rr, /-/c^r 0/ 
•'pravers every Friday, and alk of Puddinyiviwiz-.r Tn-ileigh. tf«^>w T/w 
•*« Heaven to be rceflablifhed there. Cy^^e cf W :^:''.^vy^.u, 4.'*. 
"The laft Moorifh ambafl'ador who WLMMiMTOX, though now an 

*" came to Spain, about ten years back, ohicuic aiid ir.incms vlUa^.c, h-s been 

" obtained of the king perm iHi on tio lee the rolidenjc o: i^j-.cial gitat and emi- 

" Granada. On centering the iK/Z-fl^sArfl, nent tamiiici. On tie general divifion 

'*• he began to weep, and could fcarce otl mub ai the Conqutli, this, with 

" refrain from faying, My anceflors lofl many other p^vliellii^ns;, fcil n, the fhare 

"very fooliihly this delightful land." of Alurcd tic Lincoln, and palled, by 

lb. 157. • foifeituie, ;.::cn?-rion, or marriage, to 

This pleaiing traveller is not unac- various lamilit:.. The manor is now 

quainted witlwibc writers of our coun- the proj'city of the three filters of the 

Uj. Speaking of /;« Atori&ii, the coun- late ^lr. bt. Andrew Livejay. The 


SiviiUf $f Nm PMUUatioM, 

church is a rcftory, in the dcanrjr of ^mioioni of, »coiirtw!}ofc£rimc#tt cement* 

Clapham, dnd is dcdicAicd to St. Lau- 
rence. Iti form is an oblong fquare. 
Jn the ftccpic are five bells, with cu- 
ilous Latin legends. In the church are 
ihcmorials of the families of Curteys, 
Brounflete, Blctfoe, Ncwcome, Sec, At 
^e end is a lift of the incumbents, from 
Adam de Grafton, who held this living 
jn 1244, to th^ Rev. Thomas Brom- 
wlch, the prcfcnt reftor. Added to this 
il a fhort account of Luton Hoo, the 
^inccfy refidencc of the Earl of Bute. 
The botanical garden, excepting that 
«c Kew, is, we believe, an appendage 
peculiar to this place, and that libera- 
lity of mind, which leaves it open to 

e«! with Vhe blood of that ptcHot, !iare 'cl« 
ijkoft ezcdled tbeir comnion exoremon'in hii' 
pTiire.' Tke. Brft in rbe'Eofid, where hit 
hero iSndIi Cato in ElTfium^ giving laws to 
the good : 

* ~— —- .^- His dintem jara Catonem/ 

The fecond is in his odes : 

* Et cunda terraram foba£la, 

* Praeter atrocem antmutn Catonts.' 

But Lucan, above all, has rifen co tlie a Anal, 
fablime, fired by the tontemplation of that, 
(bblime charaAer, 

< Vi^^rix caufa dcis placolt: fed vl^ 
< Catoni.' 

« To which of the poets is the pre-eoii* 
nence doe ? Virgirs praife is wonderfollj 
t\\c infpeftion of crery viiitor, merits fine at firft fight ; for how good, how jaib» 
the highcft encomiums, ' how virtuous, rauft he be, 'who is qoalified^ 

to give laws to the gctod, to the joft, to tlie 

virtuous, in Elyfium itfelf ? Bot, like the* 

90. Litttrs of Litermturf, other beauties of this writer, it will not bear 

^y Robert Heron, Efq» Sw0. a clofe examination. For what lays ate to' 

THESE Letters, 57 in number, dif- • fP«"^e *«»o"E «»»« Wf fled, where there eaii 

play T?ry extenfivc reading, and verv ^"^ «<> pumfcment nor reward ? How earn 

confidcrablc acquirements. In a work 
vrhich contains fuch a variety of mat- 
ter, we are by no means furprifed occa- 
fionally to meet with opinions not con- 
formable to our own. Wc have, how- 
ever, received much pleafure and infor- 
mation from the perufal of this work. 

they receive laws who are emancipated from 
all poilibility of crime ? The praife is there* 
fore futile and ridiculous ; nothing being 
more ahfurd than to ereA a column of ap« 
parent fublimity upon the morafs of fallo" 

'(.The praife of Horace has great trotli 
and dignity. Every thing on earth, in fab- 

^hd recommend it to the attention of je^ion to Cxfar, fave the mindof Cato, is a 

our readers. The 1ft letter is on Bar- 
baric Poetry. ^We are much inclined 
to doubt, ir ^n ancient Roman were to 
revifit this globe, and make a tour to 
Paris, whether he would, with great 
juftice, affirm, 'that the Ftench were 
iittle improved (in cc his o^^n days. 
This letter*, however, contains much 
juft remark, and concludes with two 
pieces of poprry, one of them in the 
^panilh language, which is tranflatcd ; 
a tr.inilation of an Indian 

grear, a vaf( thooghr, and woald even arife 
to the fablime, were it not for that of La- 
can, which exceeds it; and nothing can bd 
fablime to which a fuperior conception may 
be found. 

<* The praife of Locan is fublimity itfelf, 
for no homxn idea can go beyond it. Cato. 
is fet in oppofuion to the gods themfeWes g 
nay is made fuperior in juft ice, tho not in 
power. Now the power of the pagan deities 
may be called (heir cxtrio(ic, juftice their 
intrinfic, vinue. Cato excelled them, fayt 
Lucan, in real virrue, tho their adi^Qtitioui 

the other 

fong. — Letter V. treats on the fpirit of attribute of power admitted no rival.^ 
Lyric Poetry; in which our author Having given our readers fome little 

thinks that Pindar ftood without a ri- idea of Mr. H.'s opinion of Virgil, we 

val, till the appearance of Gray, A^ will neglc6l tht order of the letters to 

monoft cvprctf ons of uncommon ele- ^bfcrvc, that part of the IXth, and the 

gancc til tlie Enj^lilh pocr, Mr. H. has wliolc of the XVJih and XXIHd Ict- 

jilcclcfl one [/;<7/.Wy/)r/wrl which Dr. 
Johnlbn hjjs maikcd wjrn particular 
dirapprobatioD.— Letter VI. is on the 
character of Cato UticanHs, the eod of 
which we (hall lay before our readers, 
as a fpccimen of our author's critical 

" It is rema'kible th»t three of the heft 
Jlomiin poets have, as it wrf, vied w^th 
r»ch rtihtr, who fhould moft ^l-tarc thccha- 

tcrs, arc devoted to the fame fubjc£V« 
and in which he* utters many blafphe- 
mies againft the divinity of the Man- 
tukn bard. *« Style," 'fays he, «« has 
« favcd Virgil entirely, who has not tl\f 
** moft diftan^ pretence to any other at- 
" tribute of a POCt." 1& ft vie then the 
only beauty or the loves of Dido and 
^ncas, and of the Defccnt to the 
bhvdcs ? The icirncd and the wife of 
ra^cr of Caro. ViigU ^ud H6r«ce« |hq the tUc Augtiftan ape cnurtaincd far other 
4 thoughts f 

Rtvifw tf Nm PtMettuiih 


thoughts i VLtid, ilnce that period Virgil 
hat held a moft exalted ftation on Par- 
naflii^, by the common confent of every 
enlightened age» and every civilized 
tiation.— -Letter VIII. of Petrarch and 
Pante. As to the chara6ler of Pe- 
trarch, in general we agree with this 
writer,. *' By a fingnlar fate/' fays he, 
*f it is to hi; weaknefs that he owes his 
** fame; for his platpnic pallion threw 
** fuch a fairy light round himfelf and 
** his writings as rendered them very 
•f confplcuous in thofe dark times.*'— 
We auft not, however, Aippofe, that 
Petrarch owes his fame entirely to the 
romantic ftory of bis paffion, or to the 
cafual circumftance m his livln? in a 
barbarous age. He who will toil 
throujgh the lengthening lift of Sonnets, 
will iometime^ find true poetry, fubli- 
mity, and elegance to repay his labour ; 
for great, extended, and continued re- 
putation is not gotten without fome de- 
lert. This writer thinks, that his Son- 
nets, truly fine, might be reduced to 
about a dozen. We would particularly 
point out the loth, 130th, 313th, 314th, 
and efpecially the two laft, in which he 
cafts a retrofpeflive look on his life, 
contemplates it with penitence and for- 
row, and, in a fublime ftrain of piety, 
addreifes himfelf to heaven for peace 
and forgivenefs* ** The real poetical 
*' beauties of Dante," continues our 
author, ** might likewife fall into very 
** (mall compafs, confiding chiefly of 
^ the 'celebrated tale of Ugolino, and 
** of that in the dole of the Vth canto 
** of the I^ferfto, which is as exquifite 
'* for tendernefs as the other is remark- 
** able for terror. Now, that beauties 
** of writers are falhionable reading, a 
'* fmall duodecimo, extraded from tnefe 
** two poets, would, if performed with 
** tafte, be an acceptable prefent to the 
** publtck." As Petrarch's Italian poe- 
trj con'fifts of ihort pieces, unconnected 
with each other, the purer and more 
daflical parts might be feleCbrd without 
any injury to the whole. But ill fare 
the hand that prefumes to mutilate the 
Divine Comedy of Dante, one of the 
^ateft, boldeft effufions of genius that 
ever burft forth from the human mind. 
Except from the mafic rly verfion of the 
three firft cantos of the Infim*^ by Mr. 
Havley, the £ngli(h reader is enabled 
to form no adequate idea of the wonders 
of Dante, notwith'ftanding two complete 
tranllations of the Inftrno have appeared 
in uur language ; a very faint and un- 
fiithful relemblance of the venerable 

poet beine preftrved in thfi hard, drjr» 
and tunelefs lines of the one', and lii 
the loofe paraph rafe of the either. Tha 
praife which the writer of thefe letttrt 
gives to the loves of Paolo and Fran* 
(fefca, and to the fiory of Ugolino, does 
much credit to his own tafte. The iat* 
ter was honourably introduced to th« 
knowlege of the publick by Sir J6fliua 
Reynolds's admirable pt£ture. The 
former was, I believe, by no means ge- 
nerally known til! the mention made of 
it by Mr. Hayle^ drexv it forth to at* 
tention. The fpeech of Francefca isp 
we think, fcarceiy inferior to any thing 
in ancient or modem poetry. The 
well-known lines in Pope's EM/Of 

* I can no more; by (hame, bj rife so- 

< Let tears and baming blnfhn tell the 

< reft,* '. 

have been much and defj^rvedly cele- « 
brated, but are by no means comparable 
to the decent but ezprefiive brevity 'of 
the Italian poet: 

< Qgel gtomo pi& non vi leggemse ^ 

< avaote.' 

Mr. Heron very juftly fuppofes that th« 
purity of Petrarch's language fecuict 
his fame in his own country ; §ov Mr* 
Baretti, whofe judgment on this fubjeft 
is of the higheft authority, beftowa 
much praife on the purity and goodnclii 
of Petrarch's language. The lame inr 
genious writer obferves, that there ia 
certainly as much di£ference betweea 
the genius of Dante and Petrarch at 
between the fize of an elephant and a 
fly.— We will conclude thefe defultory 
remarks, which have imperceptibly in- 
creafed to their prefent length, with ez- 
preiling our earneft hope that Mr. Hay- 
ley would again turn his attention to 
the father of Italian poetry, and \t 
length complete what he has fo ably 
begun.— Letter XIV. ** Econom^r al- 
'' ways the Companion of real Genius." 
Our author remarks, that we know of 
no real poets that were poor except 
Homer, Spcnfcr, and Taflb. To thcfc 
might we not^ add Camoens?— As an- 
other fpecimen of the critical ability cf 
our' author, we will cxtra^ Letter XI I, 
*^ New Explanation of a Paflage in the 
** Hiftory of AmmianusMarcellinus." 

'< Ammianos Marcellinus informs us of 
an obfArvatioo which Hormifdas, a prince of 
Perfia, made on Rome, and which is fome- 
thing remarkable, namely, ^That one thing 

* only had there pleafrd him, to) find th«c 

* mm died at Rome a* well as elfewU'T*','— 
Mr. Gibbon, in his Uiltory, hM told us »« 


Rninv rf Ntw fulRctilivm. 

If a4 iijpiiru]ffi for pUuulJIk^ Hffkaftd for 
^ttfti\ •torrcAion to which thofe m Bent- 
Ity, are mnocent* He fayt^ the eontrtry 
itafc wooM be that of a miftnthrope ; 
whereas his affords a reproof of Roman 

** The fciife that ftrikes me is very dif- 
frrent from cither of tbefry and is this^ that 
•he prince's envy at the pleafuics of the in- 
liahitants of Rome could only be moderated 
hj the refle£kion that their pleafures were 

** How would the mifcrsble enry the hap- 
Yff were not the grave the equal termination 
•f pleafore and o\ f>ain !" 

Lett. XVIIT, XXVI, and XX>rVIII 
contain rtmdiks and criticifms on the 
la ft cditipn of Shakfpcare. Thcfc dif- 
pTav connderable knowlcgc of the fub- 
yt& the V treat on ; but we cannot ap- 
more of the acrimony with which ihcy 
^ are written. Though the nopes of Mr. 
Stccveos may not alwavs agree with the 
ceDcra) opinion, and though his quota- 
n6n8 may fomctimcs wcarjr by their 
length, yet we ftill think that the 
rcacfcrs of Shakfpcare are much indebt- 
ed to his criiKnl ability, Jcarning, 
■nd diligence. The remarks of this 
writer^ though fometimes appofite and 
vew^ are- not always fo. Neither the 
editors of Shakfpcare, nor the publick, 
wanted elucidation or illuftration of the 
firft word in the following celebrated 
line : 
*■ Unh9ufil'd,difapp^intedtUnannuttJ, 

We will take this occafion of remark- 
ing, that the laft woid, whofc fenfe was* 
f> long undifcovcred and miftakcn,and 
which was fuch a ftumbling-block to 
Chatterton, occurs • (uncompounded) 
once, wc think, in Holinfbcd's Chro- 
nicle, and twice or thrice in Fox's liook 
'of Martyrs, v/hcrc it is cxphincd at 
length. Thefe authors, wc think, may 
even yet be confulted wirh advantage, 
for the iiluftration of Shakfpcarc's text. 
The line above quoted we would read 
• Un honferdf unafpointed^ unanneatd, 

Wc (liall probably, nextmonih, rcfumc 
the fuhjccH ofthelc Letters i but, in jnl- 

profe, •* have been before made public,*' 
wc are told, ** at diffBrc^^ times, and 
*• through different channels^ and were 
*' all but one written at the age of nine- 
" teen." One of the bcfl poems i« aa 
Ode, or Dirge, in blank Terfe, in the 
mcafurc of that by Collins to Evening, 
** to the Memory of Chatterton ; " and. 
M»cll indeed may the author lament the 
f jtc of th?t eccentric genius, as, by his 
own confcffion, he has bten a fcllow- 
finner, having made Aim a model in a 
literary deception, by iufeiMn^, in the 
Town and Co::ntry Ma^cazine (the firft 
fccnc of Chatterton^ ibriiC; ics) for 
March and June 17^?, two letters, 
fi^nicd Oxonicnfts and Jchn ftriUiewts^ 
cont?.niing fomc fpurious traaflations 
from the Welch, one of wl-Hch, • Llwea 
* and Gyneth,' being " elegantly turn« 
** ed into vcrfe,** as genuine^ in Mr. 
Evans's Ballads, by Mrs. Robinfon, he 
now calls a "laughable cffe£l.'* Wc 
fee it in a much more ferious light, and 
are by no means convinced by the flimfy 
arguments he adduces to excufc or ex- 
tenuate fuch impofitions. His **Mif- 
'' ccllancous Obfcrvations on various 
** Subjcfts/' in four fe£lions, we prefer 
(ohis poetry, as the critical obfervationt 
which they contain, on fome of our 
mod approved writers, are new, and 
woithy of attention. In particular, we 
are glad to fee the fame of that juftly- 
cclcbrated poet, fcholar, and flatcfman, 
as well as hero, Sir Philip Sydney, rcf» 
cued from the attack (which wc have 
alwjys thought unwarranted) of the in- 
genious Mr. Walpolc. — Some detached 
paiftgcs (hall now be fele£led. 

^ " 1-ord Chcftci field, in fome eafy verfet 
addrrlTed to a lady, has this falfe, thougb 
pretty, thought: 

*• The dews of the evening induftrioufly • 

<• (bun, 
"They're the f tears oft the iky for the 

" lofs of ihe fun.'' 

" This blunder fcems to have originated 
from two cauftsj in the firft plac«,from 
hi*> lordfliip's ignorance of the nature 
of dews, which are exhalations from 
the eaiith, and aicend; and in the fe- 

line to the younger part of our leaders, ^^..j^ f^om his having, probablv bv ac- 
trc cannot ch)lc the prclcnt account of cidcnt, fccn an ode of Rcnat' Rapin, 
them without remarking, that thty con- ,,,ho calls ihc grafshoppcr Lctii caducis 
tain great eccentricity of taftc, and lome- cbria JlittLus,'* 

If ** tdifft green," an cpitliet from 
art, be objtflionablc, hs Dr. J'jhnfoh 
thinks, in Gray, this writer lht\vj> tiiat 

times an iQcorre6luers of ftyle. 

« If 

^T. Fugitive Pitces, Sv#. 

MANY of thcfc •• Milbellaneous 
*' riccc:^/' which a|c both m verle and 

* •< Muit carefi'lW/* in DoUUcy. 

f •* Thofe arc," Oicto. 


RiviiW rf New PuhUcaitM. 

the Doftor has comralttcd the fame 
fault in his *' Midfuoimer Wifli :" 

^ Lmj me where o'er the Ycnlant gronnd 
** Her liTing tarpet Nature fpreads:' 

and juftifics }t alfo by the <vehit buds 
of Shakfpeare, and the velvet leaves of 
the *' Pailionace Pilgrim." Johnfou, 
he addsy'in.fbme places imitates him- 
ieify and in others he has cicprfflions 
evidently borrowed from Young, Pope, 
Gray, and Dryden. The famous line, 
adopted, with very little alteration, by 
Theobald, in his Double Falihood *, 
*< None bot himfelf himfelf can parallel,*' 

is in an epitaph on Col. Giles Strange- 
ways, of Mcfbury Sampford, in Dorfet- 
ihire. And Sir William Temple fays 
of Cxfar, that he was "equal only to 
** himfelf.'*— i** If we except the tragedy 
•* of Cato, to his poetry Mr. Addifon 
** is. not indebted for much reputation : 
" in gtricral, it is either infipid or bom- 
** baflic, as when he talks of the aque- 
•* du6ls, in his Letter from Italy, 

•* Whole rivers here forfake the fields 

•* below, 
** And, sotauTrhig at their height, through 

" airy channels flow." 

** Again, when Ipcaking of the trees, he 
« lays, 

** Or whrn tranfplanted and prelerv*d with 

** care, 


The loTCf oft, by thy bold hind fMrartray'iy 
Vicwii the foft femhlanceof his ab/ent maid} 
Oft checks the tender throb, the 'flnigglljic 

And wipes the tear from fad Aflliftioi^*s vfe% 
Throogh thee her glance and dinpled cheek 

Return his longing look, and feem to fmile; 
Through thee he lulls his wayward thoughts 

, to rcfr, 
And calms the rifing tumult of his breaft.** 

'* Cifr/f the cold clime, and ftanre in North- 
^ *'ernair." 

And yet why may not the rhers of Adr 
difon be allowed to njcofider as well as 
the engrafted tree of "^'irgil ? which 
*• Miratur novat frondei, et noyifua 
«• poma.'* 
** When he wrote his account of the 
'• greatci^ Englifh poets, it is reported 
•* that he h^rl never read Spenfcr, whom 
*• be character: Jcs," From hia enco- 
mium on Cowley's Pindarics, this wri- 
ter fufpccls, *' tl^at he had never read 
•* them likewifc," Natton and Fettle ^ 
«* applied, to the bird cj cation, ' in Spcn- 
fer and Thomf'^n, though juftilicd by 
Virgil, Gcorg IV, v, 430, he thinks 
" harfh and affc6l«:d.'*— Bur we mull 
here difmifs rhcfc ticgant criticifms, 
which befpcak a nund improved by a 
ftudy of the bcit -mudtlb, ancient and 
modern, after adding one of the ihorttit 
of the poems. 

*^ yerfii wntttn, under a Staiue of P«Inring, 
h the t(£effm of Robert Hanky, £//. 

** Blrlt art, whofe roagc to the parrnt't eye 
The fading leents oi .Memory can I'upply ; 

• ^ l«Mie bat himiiiU can he his parailei." 

92. Ti^ PreacberU AjjUfiant^ (afi*^ '*' Man^ 
ner of Mr. Letfome,) contacting a SsrUs wF 
the Texts ef Sermons and Dijcof^rfxtj puih- 
tj/'Wd either Jingly ar hi Volumts^ hy Divit^ 
of the Cburcl) of England, and by the Dif" 
Jfentlng Clergy^ fnce the Refioratiom to the 
prejcnt Titftc, fpedfying alf* the fevernt An- 
tbsrs, mltbjbeticnthf arranged under esek 
Textf ivitb the SIxe, Date, Occafisn, or Suh' 
jeS-M-ittcr (feach Sermon <r Difcmtrfe. By 
John Cooke, M,A* laf CbapLin ofOxrA 
Church, Oxford, and KeSor of Wcninog 
Salop, a Vols. 8v#. 1783. 

FROM the above copious title the 
dcHgn of the prefent uicful and labo- 
rious compilation is fufliciently obvious. 
And few ftudcnrs in divinity arc unac- 
quainted with the former work (on the 
lame plan) by Mr. Letfome, of whick 
this is an improvement, and is conti- 
nued down to the year 1783. We can- 
not, therefore, render a moic acceptable 
fcivice to its renders, or to the editor^ 
(in cafe of another edition,) than bj 
pointing out a few errors and'omilfions 
that have occurred to us in turning over 
the leaves, and which, in an undiertak- 
ing like this, arc unavoidable. That 
there are io few is therefore furpriling. 
For obvious rcafons wc fliall confine 
ourfelves to the ** Iliftorical Rcgifler of 
" Authors, &:c. in the Series,'* vol. II. 

Anonymous *' on Matth. xxii, 37, 
<' 16S6, '[P. E. a Bcnediaine Monk] 
<* befoic their Majefties at Windfor," 
was by '' Phili|> Ellis, {as is faid in pw 
" 116,] brother to Sir William Ellis, 
** treafurer to the Pretender;" of whom 
and his fomc anecdotes arc given 
in vol. XXXiX. p. 328. 

Arbuihnot, John, M.D. ihould 
have been infcrtcd, or rarhcr his text 
fl^ould have been among the '*anony- 
*' mous." It is taken from £ccicfi<u- 
ticus, X. 27, kud the fermon is faid-ta 
have been ** preached to the people at 
** the Mercar-Crofs of Edinburgh, on 
'' the fubjcd of the Union, ix^ 1706, 
'' while the adt for uniting the ^two 
" kinedoms was depending nefore the 
*' Parliament there,*' where it was firil 



JUfntw tf NHnf 

\f in xhik f^iT. ft wks aif^erwardt 
jre-publUhed at London, in 8ro, 17459 
with a preface by the editor [the late 
Wm. Dnncombe, Efq.] ; fettine forth 
ll&e advantages which have in hSt ac« 
cnied to the kingdom of Scotland by 
its union with England. This publica- 
tion was unknown to Dr. Kippis, or he 
would have mentioned it among Dr. 
Arbuthnot's works in the Biographia ; 
aor did the Editor know, when he 
ic-publilhed it, that Dr. A. was ^ the 
tutnor. %^ 

*« Bu&FETy Gilbert/* was never 
•« Archbilhop of York." 

•* CoclCB, Philip," rc£torof A^on, 
preached at the confecration of Bilhop 
tYorkcL and " Lynch, John," at 
diat of Biihop [North]. 

*• DoDD, W." was " lefturer," not 
<^ vicar" of Wcftham. 

For "Elliott, John," r. Richard, 

<* Fletcher, William," was dean 
^ Kiid4if0f not KiUaUi* 
, <* J011E8,. Wm." re£^or of Plucklcy, 
Kent, and oJ^ Pallon, Northampton, &c. 
Hre the fame.— —So are ** Thomas 
«« Knowlis," M. a. and D. D,— r- 
So are " Edward Oliver," M. A. 
and B.D. 

« Pin NELL, Peter," has an (anony- 
mous) fermon in verfe in the Gentle- 
man's Magazine, more than 20 years 

For " Plumpteb, Charles," read 
« Robert," if " Mailer of Queen's Col- 
*^ lege, Cambridge." But query, if 
•* Archdeacon of Ely." 

c< Po a teus,. Biihop," could not " in 
'* 1 7 79*' pieach '* before the Com- 
*• mens," nor Dr. Squire "in 1756" 
before the Lords. 

How could " Ramsay, William, 
«<Brq." be "B. D. and le^urer of 

" Say, Sajnuel," was minifter of the 
^ofpel in Weftminfier. 

" Seabury, Samuel, D. D." the 
new Bilhop of Conne£licut, hat two 
fermons here, but the dates are not 

For ** Secker, William, Aichbp." 
$ic, read <* Thomas." 

*' Sterne, Laurence,* printed an 
Ikfiiie fermon at York in 1750, on He- 
brews xiii. 18, the fame that he after- 
wards rcpubliihcd in his Shandy. 

*• Watkinson, Edward, M. D." 
^as " rettor of Little [Chan] Kent." 

Anncied • are, Liila of the Engiifh 
«nd Irifli ArchbiQiopt and Bifliops, 
fium 16O0 (o 17^3* 

93. Th» Jrt efEUfmet. 'A PUaOk Ptcm 
Bmkh 4/#. 

THE fubjcQ IS introduced with, an 
eulogy on eloquence, and an addrcfs to 
the fpirit of Athens ; after which, the 
author infills on the neceflity of genius, 
charaderifcs AriAotle, Longtntn, Ci- 
cero, and Quintilian; urges the infe- 
riority of modem eloquence, though 
fome living orators are not unworthy of 
imitation; confiders perfuafion as the 
end, and man as the obje£b, of the ait ; 
takes a general view of oratory, both in 
favage and uncivilifed life; particularly 
furveys eloquence in Britain, as influ- 
enced by the national chara£ber| in- 
rpe6^s it more cloftly, as difcriminated 
by the charadlcriftics of its three pro- 
vmces, the Bar, the Senate, and the 
Pulpit, in which Judgment, Imagina- 
tion, under ceruin modifications, origi- 
nate the elTential parts of the Oration, 
Argument, Ornament, and Pathos; 
from the union of which elTentials, ia 
due proportion, arifes the perfect whole 
of an oration. He then reviews the 
eflcntial parts thus fynthctically collc£U 
cd from the human mind, under the in- 
fluence of the manners in general, and 
the genius of the oratorical department, 
in particular. The ftudent is next 
taught to confidcr the means of com- 
municating thcfc effentials with cffe£b" 
to the object of his art, and is thence 
led to the great parts of rhetoric. In- 
vention, Difpofition, Elocution, A6tion, 
and to their feveral fubordinate pro- 
vinces. Examples are given of paihe-^ 
tic oratory. Thus are developed tho 
union and order of the cfTential parts in 
connection with the con dilutive. And 
the book concludes with an addrcfs to 
the pupil of eloquence, who is exhorted 
to add to the powers of perfuaiioh (the 
end of his art) both the chara£ler and 
reality of virtue, and who is encouraged 
by the Genius of Great Britain to alpiie 
to the wreath both cf eloquence and 
virtue adjudged to the Grecian orator. 

This plan, the reader fees, is extcn« 
five and methodical. But being didadlic, 
and not much ornamented like all fuch 
pccms, it muft neceffarily be deficient 
in the powers of plcafing. It ** plays 
*' round the head, but comes hot to tba 
<* heart.*' Charafters indeed ate intro- 
duced, but epifodes are wanting. And 
without them, how fbould wc reliih 
even the Georgics ? This, however, it 
only the fird book, and in the three 
otheis we are promifcd more entertain- 
ment, via. **uie iatcnexturcof digrefy 

'* huns. 

Rtvitw if Ntw PubScatiuu, 


>^ Saeb tKe ftri^p 

*' fionit addreflcf to living perfonai^ty 

'^ atlufiont to recent tnuniaflionty which Where quick Yibrttion ran through ever/ 

•* would have intentipted the ftriflnefs "<>'«> 

«« of method requifice in the preliminary When era (her kmcdom tott^riag) when 

" part." As « the author has much . ^ porfued 

« amufing matter in ftore," the favour. 5y^?*i^PS'*"'*^*^i*'^T'?""^J^ ,^ 

able acee^nce of this, whic:h un^^^^^^^^ f -;;f ^Jj ^^::^:^^:^^ 

infant*, of het 

^loqnent than all— -« 
^. _ . BDS, blending ai ihcy 

in which his precepts are enlivened by rofe, 

exam Dies, will fbe^r that the writer is Rufh'd forth, then Pity throhb*d in evecf 
equally qualified prodtfft 9f dtUSart. breaft, j 

« But if the Pinrati^. more infpir'd. And Lore, diflolving at the fpailliog gl.w 

In the full energy of Pathos rife, *^ ' ^^ B^"«y » tears, tod Reverence for th^. 

Say, can poetic pencil trace the modes /\r t> °f™ •. v n «j t 

O^AftionT gliding tbnugh th' dbuliift Of R.y.Ity, .» b.llo* 3 parpk rcEt 

frame • '""sJjf »»<• fierce Anger it her foes j 

WbiU U.e foil .«fl.e. .bro.,1. the gU«i.g ^.tlrSnVi? th^ft^^^^^^^^ 

And while in ererr motion it .ppe»r., ^"f 'I^t "Ji« ("ni-i-o" they cried) 

IrradiMing the ge^.rc j and « cha/m ^" ^'" »" ^^S"" Th«« A f.' Tn.mph 

Of wizard fpelU the wonders of the Toice tu^ r *^j^ _^ i «'/•/•» 

Strike deep petfa.fion r Then-'ti. then alone ?^' fp»nd«ng portals, as P"foafion'. ,oice. 

The penetrating »>nd enkindled fees J^' boftile fp.r.t roofing, b,d, .t feae 

Its objea dad in grratnefs, and conceiTet, ^^' pl«n.ed caf,ue, and blow the trump •( 

In all (he bold felicicy of thought, 

Tlie4igh defign ; and raifcs the wholepowen 

Et'u to an deration not their own ' 

'Tis then the Genius of this art defcends 

In rapid light ; and waving o*er the crowd 

Its magic effluence, daits through every 

Or Hatred, as abhorrent of the form 
Th* -arertcd a^ion loathsj or Anger, caught 
From the fir'd eye and agitated aii; 
Or Fear's blank wildnefs ! 'Tis at fuch an 

That, terror ihot jntoa Ccfar, (hake 
His cold lips, and his palfy'd hand lets drop 
Its papers,— fainly grafping; while the tones 
Of Tully*s Toice unman th* intrepid foul. 
Thai, *midft the (bock of armies, could 

Tifiphooe and Death ! *Tis then aUne 
That many a Paffion hovert o'er the fate 


94. Manufaflurti hmproper Suhjtfii 9/ Tsxgm 
tiw, Addrejed to the Merchants ami Ma^ 
nuJa^Tcri of Great Britain \ ^ing an jii" 
tmpt f prn/e that the Riehu and Pvmitr cf 
the Nation dtfend, in a gnat Degne, upm 
ManufaHurti bting fr*t §f mil Taxaihum 

THE leading principle here adopted 
is, that ** every thing which tends t9 
" enhance the price of our national ma- 
** nufa6turesy or burthen the jncrchaot 
** who exports them, muft aft as apn* 
' ** mium to foreign artijis.** Our ai^thor 
then attempts to prove the hurtful ten- 
dency of taxes on commerce and manu- 
fafturcs, by fcveral fpecious arguments, 
fome of which militate againll a// taxes. 

Of Patriots: — fuch as trrmble in thy traits, Thofe which he p'articularly rcprobatca 
Great Ariift, where, in all the mellow light are, '* the tax upon glafs," which, he 

Of glory and of years, a Ch At ham falls; 
Scill •tre.nsoDS with his dying voite to fave 
His Aibioa's fame, and eloquent in death I 
Lo! through the froaieglidrs the pale alarm, 
In each giadation of diftrefs— the Mufe 
Wobld feebly copy from the melting leiots 

fa\ s, ha?; almoft annihilated the expor- 
tation of it, the duty levied being above 
double the nominal ore; "the taxes, 
"old and new, on piinred linens and 

* The prefcnt Emperor, then ^1741) 

The pencil breathes, though emulous to draw three years old. 

Thy fhadeof filial anguilh from the groupe. f *< Moriamur pro rege niiftro Thcrefa.*' 

lagrDOoos youth, as finks th' expiring Aame [Why not tranllated '* king,'* as expVefli^e 

Of patriot Spirit, that ere long Ihall burn, of the idiom of the nation ?J <* Mr. Hayley 

Reviv'd inTbee! O deflin'd foon to rife « might have recommended to his friend 

With all thy Father's eloquence and worth, " this fcene of Maria Thert-fa, as a fine Tub- 

The Saviour of thy country, while no more 
The veoal Hydra fronts thy manly ttraia, 
Thy iignity of afpcA, anddifmay'd 
The koll of democratic Faction flics.* 

.Cf KT. Ma«. Jutff 178^. . 

• •■« 

" jrft for htHofical painting. The author 
** does not recoiled that auy ufe has been 
*' h^thcno made of it, cither by the painter 
'* or the |oct." 


RivUw $fNlfW PMuaiimi. 

" cotto&l/' in wlikh th« French tnd 
Iriih will now undedfctl ns ; ** the tax 
*' upon piper/' whicn it a premium on 
books printed in Ireland for exportation 
to America; '*thc late tax on manu- 
•• fiaAured filvcrj" <' thctaxct on poU- 
** chaifes and llage-coaches," which 
operate dircflly as taxet on trade ; " the 
^' tax on bricks," (lyled partial, oppref- 
f\ve, and troublefbme in the collcAion ; 
'' the duties on foap* candles, and lea- 
^ ther," as materially afic£(ing our ex- 
ports; '' the export duty on lead," 
which has lowered the price of ore; 
^ the new duty on filk," which has 

rs vented or leflened the exportation ; 
the taxes on bills and receipts," as 
troublefome and vexatious. To make 
up the dc6ciency, this manufacturer, 
foT fuch he probably is> at Icail that he 
lias neither hou(e nor land, nor men^ 
Icrvants, .would, i. lay *' on^ (hilling 
^* in the jxrand on the real rents of land 
*' and hpufcsy" not confidering hov 
■M|iy killings in the pound they pay 
.nl ready to government and parochial 
taxes, and that t great pan of this bur- 
then would fall on thofe who cannot 
relieve thcmfelves, (as he fuppofcs the 
iand-owners ar\d farmers may, bv raif- 
ing their rents apd the pHce of their 
« commodities,) viz^ perfons of fmall in- 
dependent fortune^ in the Clocks, an- 
nuities, or limited incomes, who rent 
houfes. But fo little beyond their own 
.nofcs do fomc men fee, and if tbey did, 
io little do they care whom they load, if 
Chey can relieve thcmfelves. 2. He 
vrould tax mcn-fervants in pFopoition 
to the number kept. This has been 
done, though not m the fame propor« 
tion, by an a£^ jufl palled. Of taxing 
maid-fcrvauts he does not approve. He 
tniy keep perhaps one or two. 3. He 
wimes an addition to.thc.malr<^aXf and 
m tax an all grain didilled. Without 
'farther expohng the futility of his ar- 
^ments, we ihall only ad^ that fuch 
interefted tnd fhort- fighter gen iufes as 
this, Mr. Spiilbury, Mr. iQ^id, and 
nanv more of the fame ftamp, who 
\vpuld' repeal every tax that atfc^s 
tbemfelvesy without being able to fubfti- 
^ute others equally efficient, remind us 
qI the two wivei in ^fop, one of whom 
pullpd out her hufband'y black, and the 
otbiir hit grey, hairs; and, in like man- 
ner* poorBriuin, thus left iinmorcifuUy 
cmiiiJf thus left dors of her wonii^d re* 
(burees, would not only be fcoficd for 
ber kaidmrfs^ but fall a prey to the bulh 
Ab4 k^i of th« illcy. 

95. A Untt H tbi ?t^U ^ %Mw^i9 m Om 

^IsrmiMg Atttmfi to infrtag§ tbt Arfklei •/ 

tbt Umon, snd ini^oduei « wu/t pemltimi U* 

nrrrnhn^ kf dimimflM th« Numktr •f ihi 

LorM %f Seffivt. B$ James BoTwalli £^f* 

8vt. « 

ANIMATED by his fuccefi with his 

countrymen lad year, againll Mr. Fox's 

Eaff India Bill, Mr. Bofwell has now 

taken up his pen (and with equal fuc- 

cefs) dert wros againft the innovatioA 

proje£>ed in parliament in the Scotch 

civil judicature, ** by reducing the 

'^ number of the Lords of Seflion from 

'• fifteen to ten, that ten may have 

*• larger falarics." This attempt he 

charges home to "his Majcfty's Ad- 

" vocate (Mr. Hay Campbell), the At- 

'* torney General of Scotland, Mr. 

** Henry Dundas (fometimes <;^llcd 

'* Harry tbt Nintb), and to that anoma* 

'* lous perfonage whofe /atus puzzles 

** the Houfe of Commons, who is a 

** hrd, but yet not nobUt and to*mor-^ 

** row may defcend to be only the ho« 

** nourable, or alcend to be tlie right 

^* honour^le, gentUman, 

** Placed on this ifthmas of a middle flate» 
<* A heing darkly wife, and rudely great." 

Mr. Bofwell's chief arguments againft 
this dreaded innovation are, that there 
is '' no grand jury in Scotland* and 
** therefore that the Court of Scifion ie 
" a Handing jury'* for the whole king- 
dom ; that it ** has now remained^ un- 
*' diminilhcd, for 153 years;" that, at 
its Hid inAitution by JaroesV,4n t53t»^ 
" the number of the judges was thought 
" fmall," &c. i • that *• to reverfe the 
** Decemviri is ominous," &c. But, 
above all, this bold Tribune has entcf^ 
cd his nteto — — ** f^otumui teges Scotix 
'< mutari^** the Court ni SelFion, the 
^indecent Hamifteit mull remain, un* 
Ifji by ccnfent of the people of Se§tUnd 
toemjitive>i the Britilh Parliament can- 
not abolifh it, becaufc it was cflabliihed 
by the Articles of the Union.-*Thc 
equal ifing the land-ux (fliould this 
fucceed) which *• government," he fays, 
** at prefent dare not" attempt, as 
" Scotland wouM rife to a man;** that 
fnake (a&i it fliould fccm) in the gnifs 
excites alio ** the apprchenfion" of this 
pr^efervidum ingeniumx for this he calls 
on their Ucalcgon (who proximus tfr« 
det) LowTHEK, to ''come forth and 
'* fupiH>rt" them — ** Come over to Mq" 
•< cedoMia, and betp la/"— What a Bri- 
tilh Parliament can or cannot do, or 
how far the Articles of the Union may 
-HX^feiabic the laws of the Medes and 


Kmiw $f Niw PutBcstUmi 551 

PerfitBiy we preliime not to {zjf aor is of rtTolution and reform durin|» this 

thlie occaiion at prefent (as above lon^ period. "The Hifiory of the Re- 

liinted) to *< moot*' the fubjcf^, the ** vival of the Roman Law," toward 

point in queftion being given up, and, the middle of the Xllth centfiry, " its 

without diminilhing the number of the '* connexion with the Feudal and Ca* 

Scotch judges, our rulers fcem inclined '* non Law, its Charafler and Influ* 

only to augment their falarics, an '* in- " ence in the diflfercot Courts and Aca* 

•« noTatton" to which, we prcfume, ** demies of Eur«j>c, together with the 

their lordfiiips themfcives will not oh- ** Lives and Writings of its mod emi- 

jeft, though this honefl Ariftippun ♦ ** ncnt Profeirors," are referved for a 

thinks "they have already very com- fec«)nd part. The ** Illuftrations/' 

** foruble provifions,*' and has there- which confift of notes on the Hiftorj 

fore pointed fomc of the artillery of this and Interpretation of the Xil Tables, 

Philippic againfl that augmentation. — the moft eminent Civilians among th^ 

Among other digreflive but entertain- Romans, the Aate of the Roman Law 

ing particulars in this "Letter," we during the lid and lild, the Vth and 

learn, that Dr. Johnfon faid of Lord Vlth centuries, are replete with jud^ 

Thurlow, before he was ennobled, " I meat and erudition. 
** honour Thurlow, Sir — Thurlow is a 
** fine fellow: he faiil^ puts his mind . 

<• to voursi" that the author « eflecms 97- Difn^rfet •• *J^ Syfj,at. By Tbo. 
" and loves" hit wife, " a true Mont- "** "VB^J.' ^: ^- ^^^««t« «Mf Pr,*r»- 
•* gonierie, after fifteen years, a. on the ff^ '^rAn'^cIn^''. "^. fr ^ ^'^ 
•• day when fhe gave" him "her hand ; t ^Jl J*^" '.^^"T' ^*"***"**Se- ^vo. 
«* that he has declared himfclf a candi- THESE Difcourfes, as they are in- 

" date for Ayrihire, in tlic next parlia- ^^^""^ to fiipport "the caufe of Reli- 

«* roenti" with anecdotes and charac- *' g^"" ^"^ Virtue," arc very proper!/ 

ters of Mclficurs Pitt, Fox, Burke, dedicated to the King, the great patron 

Wilkes, Lee, the Czar Peter, and, in of *>«^*»' among whole " repeated fa. 

ihortp of as many diftinguilhed pcrfon- " vours" the author acknowlcges his 

aces as a late famous Apology. " coodncfs in naming" him " to a high 

' '*^ •• itation m the church [a biflioprickj, 

" and in allowing" him " to decline 

f 6. A Hifi'tricat snd CbrmJagual Hew of " it." The volume contains IX Dif- 

Rooixn Lav. Wttb NHet and llh'ftrat »ns. courfcs, VI ( Charges, and a Concio ad 

By Alexander C.Schombcrg, M. A. Ftl- Clerum. The three firft, " on the dif- 

huf / M.gdalen College, Oxford. 8vd. <« fgrcnt chara^cr* of age and youth," 

THk benefits to be derived from tiie from i Cor. xiv. lo, Brtthren^ be not 

Roman l^w, whicli, difl'erent from all children in underfiandin^ : bo*w6eit, in 

other fyftcmsr»f legiflation, " is regard- maltee be ye children^ but in unJerJiamU 

'^ cd as a Code of Univcrfal Juftice," ing be men\ and Ecclef. i. i8, For in 

as our author obfcrvcs, are fufficicntly mucb nuifdom is mucb grigf^ and be that 

obvious. ^ increafetb kncwledge, increafetb forroiu^ 

In the "Chronological View** he has ** on the vanity and vexation of our 

difplaycd, with gieat exaflncfs, " the *' purfuits after knowledge," were 

•• origin and proc;rcf> of regal, confular^ preached before the Univerlity of Cam- 

•• and imperial Rome, from Romulus bridge; the IVth, in 1763, on May 29, 

** and Numa to A, D. 752* when the from a Sam. xix. 30, And Mepbibojbetb 

*• Roman law was finally extinguiflied/' faid unto the king. Yea, let bim take alt^ 

and has maiked, as diftinflly as the forafmucb as my lord the king is come 

fubje£l will permit, their various Hages ai^ain in feare unto his onun bou/e; and 

the Vth, on the General Faft, Dec. 13, 

As a Uiort fummary of our amhor'i ,7^5^ «• on account of the American 

« kcfs, With, with Jews. They ^^^ P^"f " very appofitely applies the 

•• CD do me DO h.nn. My mind is jyo"^' P^ Mcolnboiheth to the " ovtr- 
« up. My principks .re fixed. But 1 would flowing of loyalty that prevailed a- 

«* vou with Tories, and pray with a Pcan " ""ong our anccftors on the return of 

« iwd Cbaf ur." p. 95. ^ ^ ^^^^ baniihcd fovci^\^Tv^ Tia« Ut V\tc^ 


lt0VHW rf Niw Puijiaawum 

** iaki aUf firafmuch of mftard tht king 
** is comi again in peact pnto bh e^n ' 
** placi." I^om which he proceeds "to 
'* enquire what foundation there was 
** for ^hat extraordinary joy, and to 
'''makV:' fome reflections on the folly 
""they were guilty of in txtrtjjiing it, 
^' like him \xl the text, by unltmited con- 
•' ccflions.** In concluiion, after Mint- 
ing *< at the inconveniences. Ice us not 
*f Che fays) forget the benefits ariiing 
•* from this change of government; the 
•Mitiprovtment of arts; tlic extenfion 
** of commerce; the fleady adminiflra- 
** tion of juftice; the free exercife of 
•'* religion. Let us not forget that wc 
*''havc a prince on the throne, who 
''makes it his boafl that he is a Na- 
«* TivE of Britain. May be long 
** continue to reign in the hearts and 
•* aflfeftions of his fubjc£^$ I May his 
'< miniflers ferve him with fldclity and 
'' prudence ! and may fuch fcrvice be 
" ever repaid by the confidence and 
'' thanks of an united people I'' In 
Ills fafl fermon the Archdeacon points. 
' out, "as the principal features of our 
«* national chara6ler/' DiJfenfionSf Dif- 

hyalty^ and Irreligion, The Vlth, 

preached at the confecration of Bifhop 
Shipley, in 1769, from Hebrews xiii* 
3 7, Obey tbem that have the rule over voUf 
anJ/uomityourfelves : for they ijuatcbjor 
yourjoulsy as they that muft grve account ; 
ibat tbejf may do it *witb jty^ and not *witb 
gritfx for that if unprovable for you, and 
the Vllth, at that of Bifhops Hurd and 
Moore, in 1775, ^^^^''* * Peter ii. 13, 
Submit yourfehves to every ordinance of 
man for the I.ofJ*j/aie: *wbetker it Oe 
I0 tbe -king ns J-tpreme 5 or unto ^over" 
norsp as uuio them that are fent by him 
for tbe punijbment of e*vil doers , and for 
the praife of tbem that do <weU\ nrc both 
on church authority. And the Vlllth, 
** on the difHcuities which attend the 
*' fludy of religion," from Ilaiah xlv. 
1 5, l^eriiy thou art a God that bidtfl thy- 
felf O God of Ijraelf tbe Hawour ; and 
the IXth, ** of faivation through faith 
*' in Chrifl," from Eph. ii. 8, For by 
graCi' 'ire ye fanned, though jaith t and 
not oj pouirjelves i it is the p,ift of God; 
were boih preached at the Aichdeacon's 
vifitation in 1776 and 1782- —The 
Charges, which were delivered to the 
Clergy of his archdeaconiy in 1760, ), 
6, 9, I772» 8, and 81, are <* on the 
** nature and end of the ChriDian He- 
*' tclation; on Religious I^ibertyi on 
** tbe diltin£l: provinces of Faith and*- 
** ReafoD y of lUbfcription to Articles 
**of Religion, on the uue value of 

'* faith and morals ; umI on the Sacra* 
" ments." — The Concio was preache<f 
for the degree of D. D. in 1758, frtfm 
Matt. vii. 16, 6y tbeir fruits ye Jbatt 
knonv tbem. Thcfc important ifubjcfts 
are treated, in general, with peculiar 
clearnefs and preciiion, and at the fame 
time with fuch a liberality of fentiment, 
and fpirit of candour and moderation, 
as is highly edifying, and would juftify 
ample extraf^s. Our limits, however, 
will permit us to add only the clofe of 
Difcourfc I, addrcffed to academicians, 
and an extract from Cliargc I, in which 
he charaflerifes the Hutchinibnian. 

'* As we ought 10 confult the intrrcfts of 
fociciy in the ibake we make of our Audies, 
fo alfo fhould we ufe our utmoft caution to 
prevent the general ill eflfefls of a fludious 
and corttcmplatlvr life J that it may neither 
render us unfit for the intercourfe of the 
world, nor obnoxious to the dill ike or con* 
tempt of thofe who are engaged in different 
funAiont.<»-Let us ftrive then to adorn the 
dignity of our profeffion with all the graeet 
of refined and cultivated humanity. Lee ui 
temper the, feverity of a phikfo^ie retire* 
raent with the innocent chearfulnefs of an 
aStve and Jocial life. Lit us fmooih and 
foften the rigours of virtue by a prodmc tc« 
commodation to the indifferert mannrn an4 
cuftoms of the kge and cour.try in which we 
live. Let os remember that we are citizens 
as well as fcholiis ; and leave to monks and 
hermits the fond perfu^fioo, that they (hall 
merit heaven by lormeming themfelves, an4 
['fffecuting their brethren. Be it our tafk 
to extend the k.^uuds of fcirnce, to vindicate 
the honour of our holy religion, to form the 
minds of the riling generation to every pri- 
vate and every i'ocial virtue. While thefe 
employments are ditchargrd with fidelity i\\A 
prudence, they c^o never expofir us to dif- 
gracc and lenfure; nay, they will juftly en- 
title us tnprote^ion and favour. And happy 
it is for u:. that, living as wc do, under the 
influence of a wife and good governmont, 
M'c havr no furer method of obtaining pro- 
ted ion than by d^ferving it." ' 

" Religion is aAually in danger of fuflVr-* 
ing from the negicil of it; of degenerating 
into cnthufiafm and folly. By applying 
themfelvcs abruptly to facred learning, with- 
<Mit the neccfTary aids of human reafun, men 
have b<-en engaged in the mod vain a> d 
fruitlefs refearches; have learned to pro- 
nounce confidently and uncharitably on 
points not intelligible, or not nfetul, or not 
capable of any rational determination; and 
to treat with contempt the molt eJjtmtiiU 
parts of religion. Afrer much labour and 
pr%ftmni meditation, they have hem able to 
find, in the word of God, every thing hot, 
what \)\ty Jbould find, a^ aothenttc rule of 
faith and maoners.'-«A proper csltivation of 




tlic «a4efftiii4iii| voqU bave nude it im- 
pofiUe for tktt w¥imfical mixture of wiia 
philofopby and nnintelligible dlvinFty which 
lias been propagated, or late years, with (o 
inoch'varaitli and Yehemence, ever to enter 
the m Ada of men.— It is not that this fyf- 
teoiy abfnffdly called Afofaieai, contains fh\(e 
and bnrtfnldoftrinet.-— It is a fofficient mis- 
fortoncy that it containi nothing; that it 
leadt men to an unhappy watte of time and 
thovskts that it teaches them to corrupt the 
fimplicityi and dcbafe the dignity, of reli- 
ligion by childtih etymologies and trifling 
alkgoriei; that it engages them in ail the 
rancour of theological hatred, not in defence 
of lawa or do^nnety but of empty and un- 
neaning foands." 

Confiderins; Dr. Balguy as a fcholar, 
and as a mtnifter of the gofpel, all who 
know him, either by his life or his 
writings, xnuft regret that one whom tbf 

lOO. Thouibu ra Ej ue u i m t ya^ittf ^mth rv- 
Jftiif to our Criminal Lawtf fsrikmlarh m* 
our Circuits. Dedicated to the y^dges of jf" 
fixe, and ncommendei to the ftrufal ^ mt 
MagjftrMet, and to all Ftrfons who are b'ahk 
to fervc en Grand juries. By a Jiwctrt Wtti^ 
nytur to tbe Puhltc. fm. io§» 

ICT. Afptmdix to " Tboti£bts on Exeatt'-va 
<* JujHce,*' &c. O.cajicned ky a Cbarp 

fiven to tbe Grand Jury for the Costnty of 
urrey, at the Lent >f|^8sci,'i7f 5, fy ^ 
Hon, Sir Richard- Perryn, AVi/. one of tbt' 
Barons tf His Majejiys Conrt of Esccke^mer, 
fm, 8t/4. 

** THE principal arguments in the 
** fird of thefe publications,*' to adooc 
the author's own words, *• may be coi- 
'* Ic&ed into the ihort corapals of the 
** foilo^ving fyliogifms : 

<< I. That fyftem of police is the leaft 

Kutg & iuftly deSpbUd to bonour, Ihould ■ ^'^^'^y «« P^e^cj^ crimes which holds fonb 
have been difablcd, by his " infirm «n «»c«-ia/«/yof puoilbment. 
** ^axt of health," for that ^' Uigh (la- 

'^ tiouy" which* by his acceptance, 
would rather have received than con- 
ferred honour. 

• ^ . . _, ^ .t «»• . „^ AA which is moft likely to prevent the com- 

oS. An MMtbentic Narrative of the Treatment -Lr/r^^ «f ^,«;,.i ,«• „^:. 

•^ J, , ts I- A w K n •/> milnon ol capital ottcnces. 

fftht Englilh Vfho were taken Fnfoners on 

the JtodmBion of Bednore, by Tippoo Saib* 

from tbe x%tb ttf A^xWf >733i to the %^tb 

•/April, 1784, near Twelve Months Com- 

fueemmtj under a eomtwued Series of unrUent' 

mg Adis of Crnehy, Aifo, an Account of 

tb^fe who pert/bed during that Period, By 

uncertainty of pu n 1 

'• But our prefent fyftem of police, by the 
ilUtimed leoTty of our judges, holds forth an 
uncertainty of ponifhment. 

'* Therefore our prefent fyftem of police 
is leaft likely to prevent punilhment. 

" II, That fyftem, &c. is the moft 
I is B 

<< But that fylVem, which holds forth a 
certainty of punilhment is the moft likely t*. 
prevent the commitli'>n of capital offences. 

<* Therefore that fyftem, &c. is the'moft 

"Thefe are illuftrated by various ancc-' 

,«.. x^oapcrye^ea ^unngj^ r^i^ ^ ^ . ^f examples; and the coDclu- 

Caf4axn Henry Oakes, Adjuiont-GeMeraito ^,^„ ^^ ^ f^^^^j ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ j,^ ^^^ 

*^^^* who are the declared and avowed enemies of 

99. Additiens to Captain Oakes*s Narrative of every principle of law, juftice, and tvea of 

^ common humanity.'* . •! 

This pamphlet has met the ideas of 

the hedtUiion of Bednore. 8«w» 

MUCH too (hocking arc the cruel- 
tics here related for us to abridge, or 
recapitulate. Enough has been faid of 
them in vol. LIV. p. 949. May they 
sever be repeated ! or (which alone 
perhaps can prevent, them) may they 
never be provoked by thofe of whom, 
as more is given to them, more is re- 
quired ! What occafioncd thefe horrid 
barbarities Capt. Oakes has not tuld us, 
but Lieut. Sheen (ays, that they wexc 
founded on principles of rttaliation. 

The " Additions," publifhcd fepa- 
rately, contain a lift of the officers and 
privates who fell into, the hands of Tip- 
piK) Saiby and who furvivcd the hard* 
ihips and cruelties chat lie inflicted up- 
on tXkou 

moil of its readers, and has l>een gene* 
rallv thought well worthy the attention 
of thofe who only can remove the gricv- • 
ancc. Hut Mr. Baron Perryn, in a 
Charge to the Grand Jury of Surrey* 
having animadverted on it, and endea- 
voured to juftify the miftaken mcccy of 
the Bench, the author, in an Appendizv 
has entered fully into all the Baton's 
arguments, and, in our opinion, has 
clearly confuted them, (hewing that the 
frequency of reprieves is an encourage- 
ment to oifenders, and therefore is 
really, though it might wear the fcm- 
blancc of meicy, the highcft cruelty to 
all who arc thus •* encouraged \.<i o^- 
"fend/* andltul *• le^tvc^w Ati^ v««- 


Xitiiw 9f Nm FMaaSmu 

" dons have brought more to the gal* 
♦« lows than they ever favcd from it.**— 
*' If all the nuild htafis in the Tower 
'* were to break loofe, aod tHViivi fit- 
** itf/r/, armed with loaded mulket8,aDd 
••having it in their power to dcftroy 
•' them* <iid not, nothing can be clearer 
** Co me, rhan that they would be an* 
•^ fw^rable, before God and man, for 
** all the mifchief which Ihould happen 
<• from their ncgle6k.*» 

The hiftory of ibme reprieret, even 
4nf old offenders, or rather of chcir con- 
lequences, in which Patrick Madden is 
not forgotten, and Kennedy might have 
been remembered, is really ibockiag. 
A foldier, for burglary and robbery of 
two old poor men, with every circum- 
ilance of terror at midnight, was con- 
demned, but repritved^'^ highwayman 
vas thr'tct condemned, but rtprwvid 
each time— and Patrick has been fivt 
timet capitally convicted, but is not 
hanged yet.——" There are fo many 
•• chances for us," faid an old offender 
when convided, <<and fo few againft 
*• vt, that I never thought of coming 
^* to this. Firft, there are many chances 
••againft being difcovercd — fo many 
*• more that we are not taken— and if 
•• uken, not convi£fced-^nd if conviQ* 
•* ed, not hanged — that I thought my- 
•• felf very fafc, with at leaft twenty to 
•• one in my favour." 

In conclufion, the writer draws a 
ftriking contraft between the tendency 
^ thf Biggari Optra and Giorge lUtnt" 
mfeU\ and Hiews that the imaginary re- 
prieve of Macheathto the real reprieve 
«f a convi£l at the ailiaes mull have the 
iame i-fiTe^t. 

tea. yf Syflem of Ch^wkgy. By Jamo PUy- 
fair, D. U* hUmgtr of tl»* jituijma'ian $9' 
rif/jr ^ Scoc«aa<l. Imp. fj/h» 1784. 

Tff IS very ufeful and laborious com- 
pilation, which i&the complertft SyAcm 
of Chronology iliac we have fccn, con- 
uins, *'l. An iLXpianation of the Prin- 
•• cipit'k ef thi» Bcivncc, together with 
•* an Account of the moft rtmajkable 
•* Epochs, ^ras, and Pcriudf, the ex- 
•• a& Dates of which arc ^fccrtaincd.— 
•' II. A Chronological Hiftory, which 
^ exhibits a connected View of the 
•' Tim^. Mode, and Circumftances of 
** the Origin, Progrcfs, Decline, and 
•* fall of every conlidcrable Kingdom, 
•* from the earlieft Period to the pre- 
'< fcnt.— 111. A Lift of leverai Edipfes 
<• be{brc the ChriftiaA JEs%, obilivcd 

*^ by Aftronomeniy or reeonJed by Hif- 
*' tenant, and of all Eclipfet from A. 
'• D« I to A D. 1900, with an expla- 
*' natory Preface.-rlV. A CbRmologi* 
" cal Lift of Councils, in which the 
*' Date, Place, and Subje6k of every 
•' Council are fpecified. — V. Chronolo* 
•• gical Tables and Charts from B. C. 
'<a30o to A. D. 17H4, adapted to n 
•• Scale, and afcertaining the Duration 
•^ of the Lives and Reigns of the mofl 
** eminent Perfisnages of all Ages.— 
'' VI. A Lifti>f Remarkable £ventt 
" and Occurimices relating to every 
'* Kingdom and Nation, from the ear* 
'* lieft Ages to the prefent Time; with 
•' the Dates of many celeftial Fhsno« 
•^ mena.— VII. Supplemental Tiblet, 
•* illuftrating the prefent Syftem.— — - 
** VIII. A copious Biographical Index* 
" in which the Dates of tne RcigniT of 
'' Kings, and of the Lives of remarlta* 
•• ble Men in all Aees, are tnferted| 
•• and conctfe Charaaers of both are 
^ occafionally given." 

This work nilly an(wers the defign 
for which it was compiled, aod docs 
great credit to the attention, induftryt 
and exafbiefs of the compiler. The 
Biographical Charts are on the plan of 
Dr. Prieftley.r— As the chara£lor of the 
prefent King of Pruflia is generally 
known, we will fele6^ the concluding 
paragraph of the Chronological HiAory 
of that kingdom^ as a fpecimen of the 
writer's ftyle : 

*• Soch are the ontlines ef the poblie lifo 
of thii extraorilfDary perfoaage, who (up* 
poned, for ab<»ve twenty years, a fuccefifiil 
war againft the sreateft part of Eoropef 
who exceeded in hit efctpet, his enterprifrt, 
and hit eonqueft«, the moft fplendid exploits 
of ancient heroes | who, difdainiag the 
transmeU of miniftcrial fervitodc, has ani- 
formly condu£ked the affairs of his ftaic, as 
he dire^ed the tide t>f battle, by bis own 
abilities} and wh«, not ecntenied with efiab- 
lifhing, in his own example, a ftandard of 
military eooduA, and with giving a new 
form to the fytlcm of military operations^ 
has^ improved, by his genius, the arts of 
peace at Veil as of war, and raifed himfelf 
to an eleirated rank among poets, legif- 
latorsi and philofcphers, as well as among 

It is obfervable, that Dr. Piayfair 
ilyles this prince (p. 115) ** Frede. 
'< rick II," a fmall mi(lake, as his fa- 
ther wai Frederick II, fon of Frede* 
rick I, the firll kmg o( Pruiiia, and 
conftquentiy the prefent fovereign is, 
as he always flyles himfelf, Fiederick 
lU.— M. ac Court (not <*dc Cour,'« 

P- ^^V) 

Rmtw rfUtw PuhUeatitnu 


^ >39t) ^'^* *^^ French idmiral off 
Toulon in Febnary 1744.— Admiral 
Vcffsdn did imi take Ctrthtgena (p. 
^86)9 but the ports oAly. But thcfe 
ere Toy flight fpots indeed in a Aid of 
ikch m^nitude and fuch luftre, which 
we cannot behold without admiration, 
or without being daztied. 

f 0|* A hnur N U>4 Esfl of Corenfry. By 
Philip ThickociTc. C^ntaimit^ fime eXtrt- 
§r£mmry Ltiiiri tf ttt NohU Lo'^d't to tht 
JlKth§r^ ^ritttm iw tb' Tc€rs 1780 ami 
178a./ fyitb MM App^ndlXi cQirtain'mg m ftUl 
moet txtrmrdinMry JV«^< •ftbi iHobU Lord* if 
wtbetm in tht Vtar 178 5. 

OF this letter nothing can be more 
true than the firll fentcncc: *' It has 
" been faid, and it will be faid again, 
^* that I am a captious man, and fre- 
" quently engaged in dii'putev." At 
the fame time it is true, that Mr. 
ThtckneiTe is a benevolent man, of 
nice honour, ready to fcrvc his friends, 
and generous perhaps to a fault. — The 
noble botanift here addrefTed, being de- 
firous of having fome choice feeds and 
bulbous roots from the mountain of 
Montferrat, in Catalonia, applied to 
Mr. ThickneiTe, for his intereft with 
one of the rcfidentiary monks, Perc 
PiiTcalf who, at his requcft, employed 
the apothecary of the convent to coiie£^ 
them. But, inftead of fcven or ten 
pounds, expended on this hufmcfs^ all 
the jreturn Mr. ThickneiTc received 
from his Lordlhip's liberality was the 
/jibfcription of a guinea to his '* Year's 
" Journey," and of half a guinea to 
Mrs. ThicknclTe's " Sketches," &c. 
and Ix>rd C. paid a guinea into his 
bookfeller^s hands. " For what ?" fa vs 
our author. " To re-imburfe Pcre 
^ Pafcai his eighteen ptcettoes (Ihil- 
•* Ungs) f for poAagc of letters I, tore- 
" ward the apotht-carv for traverfmg, 
** in the ho autumn of a fjltry climate, 
*' a qnounta n (ixteen miles in circum- 
** ference, and for fending two boxes, 
*' complete! ▼ packed up, filled with 
** iceds and flower - roots of various 
** forts, from Montferrat to Barcelona 
^ ffoity miles], ard fiom Barcelona to 
** Great Britain^" Thia guinea Mr. 
Thickneflcp «* aflonUhed," he fays, at 
eke receipt of it, indignantly gave to a 
poor Spanilh prifoncr, and now puh- 
lifiies this pamphlet partly to defend 
himfcif and his Spanilh friends, whom 
Lord C. hat charged with fending him 
nothing but ** docks and weeds," and 
fwXj to raifcf firom this publication. 

fomewhat to reibit ** to tfie injuicd 
'*. Monk at Montlenrat." Had the no- 
ble Lord attended Mr. T.'s '■ aukwat^ 
" caufe in the Houfe of Lords," mndi 
more had he differed in opinion with 
Lord Apfley ; or had his lady, fon, and 
family, fubfcribed to his " Year's Jour- 
" ncyi" or had his lordfiiip ever a&ed 
him to dinner, or fent him a bit of mui» 
ton, &c. all had been well; this pam- 
phlet, he tells us,' would not have ap- 
peared. Yet, in concluiion, the Early 
It fecms, has offered to '* enquire into 
** and adjuft his demands," and to pay 
him ** ten guineas ;" and, though ti;c 
firil offer, being made through the me- 
dium of "a Scotch liofier," was rcjc(3t- 
cd with fcorn, the money, if paid •• into 
" the hands of the Spanifli fecretary, 
" for the ufe of the injured monk and 
** arraigned apothecary," will be ac- 
cepted, and ** this paltry bufincfk" H« 
nilhcd, on which our readers will make 
their own comments, though, if w« 
have fairly Hated it, they will, as we 
augur, be more favourable to the ple- 
beian than to the patrician. 

104. Tranjlation cf Hnntingferd's frjt OU^ 
Idiicm tf Moncfircpbics. 8v«. 
THIS tranflation is prefaced by « 
letter to Mr.Uuntingford, which, in very 
modcll and unaffiiming language, he- 
fpeaks and merits the candour of the 
publick.— We Ihall deleft the following 
as fpccimens of the pcrfonnancc, 

'^ O N ^A ROSE. 
*• What beauty has the rofe I 

But ah ! how foon it flici I 

How very Umn it dies ! 
The life of man thus flows. 

•' WhiU youth and vigoar meer# 

He revels joyfully ; 

A few, few years pafs'd by, 
He *s trodden under feet." 


** Say^ fay no more, y* onlrtter'd tribe^ 

The name of Knowledge vou difgrace; 
The animal who dare dcfcribe 

As equil to the human race. 
A fam'd Lycxan thjui exprefs'd 

His fage remarks your crew to reach : 
" Does nought avail by man poffcfs'd, 

** By man alonrihe power of fpeech } 
** What, biit ihar power, could man adviie 

" T« quit his deep-dug mountain cell ? 
" Wha*. bit that power, riade cities rifr, 

" Bade Ord-r Krror's clouds difpell ? 
" By that manki id the Arts hare fought 

** T' improve, and various works prepare | 
" The Mufci fan 5 ; the Sapient taught 

" To honour Cau f with fiecvcKV^n^jw, 



* Thii SmI Dnrincy hy whom tre gWea 

^ Ltwt| firoa which all bleffings fpriag { 
^ ThoQy h(dy L«rdl« an King in neireDi 

•^ Man aboye all on earth tt king.** 

Mr. Huntingford's Monofirophica, 
ol* which the work before us is a tranf- 
Jation, were«reviewed in our Magazines 
for November and December 1782, and 
4>ecimen8 given* . ** 


THIS orarton, of which a few copies 
€m\j have been taken^ is now printed 
(not publilhcd) for the fiiil time, from 

•the only MS, probabUr, that is extant. 
The editor is a man of^rank>4 well as 


IfxuSf as we learn froit^ Plutarch '^ 
and Phorius f, was a nativ^of CAa.lcis, 
and livedt in the 410th yeahtn Rome. 
He came to Athens, where he was a 
difciple of Lyiias, and was much cf- 
tecroed for his merit and his eloauence. 
JHe had alfo fome illuftrious fcholars, of 
whom Demofthenes is the mod cele- 
brated. iTaeus compofcd fixry-four ora- 
tions, of which onJy ten remain. 

Mencdes having a fon, and living 
twenty years afterwards, - his brothers 

^claimed nis eftate. But one Philonidcs 

- save evidence that their claim was ill- 
rounded, as Mcnccles left a Ton. The 

• brothers charged him with perjury, and, 
in anfwer, the young man here under- 
takes his defen<^e.— Though the ouef- 
tions here elegantly difculTcd are little 
intereftin? at prcfent, this is a curious 
remain of antiquity, as exhibiting the 
manner in which fucb caufes were then 

2o6. Apologia Secunda : erg A fufplcmentary 
JtfUgy for Conformity, By a LayntM. 

W£ do not indeed approve of works 
of this nature. The light anapoedio 
ineafure is not a proper vehicle tor re- 
ligious fubjefts, or for any thing apper- 
f taming to religion. In jufticc, however, 
to the author, we muft add, that hi ^ in- 
tention feems ver]^ remote from offering 
any infuit or injury to the caulc of 
truth. ♦ * 

X07. Chiropodologia ) or, A fihutifie En* 
■Mtrv into tbo Canfts of Corns, &*(. £y 
D. Xow, Chirofodij^, Svo. 

WE earneitly recommend this little 

treatife, which feems the refult of conii- 

« derable refearches and experience, to the 

publick; nor wSl aierious attentiQii t# 
the contents of it, minute as.tlvey mmf 
feem to a fuper^cial obienrer, be found 
unwife or unnceifar/; for as the peridd 
of life may be determined by ** a ^y».t 
** grapeftone, or a hair," £0 the jponef- 
(ion of it ma;^ be embittered by the 
growth of a riail, or tlie formation of a 
corn. Though fome may regard the 
writings of a corn-cutter with faperci- 
lious derifion, it ihonld be remembered, 
that he who fuggeils the means to pre- 
vent or cure the lead of the evils which 
afFe£l the human frame, confers a greater 
benefit, and better dcfcrves the sratitude 
of mankind, than the writer or an Epic ' 
poem. ♦ * 

loS. tbt Patriot! a traftdy ; fir^ M Mkmr- 
fcrlpt of tbi late Dr, Sam el Johnlbn : cor* 
rsffed ky bmftlf Svtf. 

Credat Judicus Mella ! — So far from 
writing, Dr. Johnion would not have 
read it. 

109. 7%« Hiftiniad} an Herok Poem. la 
Tbrtt Canute 4/*. 

OF this Epic, not the battle of. Haf- 
tings (as we conjectured), but Mr. for 
rather Mrs.) Hallings, is the fubje«; 
and though " three cantos" are an- 
nounced, one only is given. We are 
fatisfied, and defire no more«. 


July I. Separate Maintenance — Son-in-Liir. 
a. Maid of the Mill— A Mogul Tale. 

4. Jealous Wife-- Agreeable Saprife. 

5. The Suicide — TheSon-in-Law. 

6. Spanifh Barber — Hunt the Slipfer. 

7. Two ConnoifTcars— Agreeable Suipriie. 

8. The Englilh Merchant— Peeping Ton. 

9. Turk and Ho Turk — Nature will prevail. 

11. Ditto — Mayor of Garratt. 

1 2. Seeing is Believing — Turk and No Tuik 
73. Hamlet — Harlequin Teague* 

14. Turk, and No Turk — Beggar on Horfeh. 

1 5. Ditto— Peeping Tom. 

16. Jealous Wife — Hunt the Slipper. 

s8* Englifli Merchant-^ Agreeable Sorprife* 

19. Young Quaker— Kliicb of Bacon. 

20. Manager in Diltrcfi— Gietui GrceS'^ 

Harlequin Teagoe. 

21. Turk and No Turk — T!\« Author. 

a2. Summer Amufemenc— Mayor of Garctt 
23. Turk and NoTuik— tDeucc 11 in Him* 

25. Ditto — Harkqnin Teague. 

26. Ail's Well that Endt Well— Greta- 

Room— Gretna Green. « 

17. Torband No Turk — Harlequin Teagat 
a8. Ali*s Well that Ends Well— Ditto. 

ZQ. Cbaptci of Accidenti— The FooU 


SihSI Poitry^ ancunt and modirft^ for ]v\y^ v7S5« 
£ L £ G Y 





^ Btm rngmy fsil ss fudJiM, not asft/e /'* 

Dr. You!lo. 

'^T^IS done! tbe ptinfal confltA is no 
JL , morel 

See where oot-ftretchM the heaateousche- 
mb lies ) 
Pale it that cheek where Tigonr blooou'd b«- 
Eternal darknefs l!ts npon his eyes. 
Where are thy frowDs> O Death 1 thy lior« 

rors where 1 
How winniog are thy looks 1 how amiable 
thy air I 

Thus fome yooog lily^ that began to raife 
Its fiiver pyramid, and fcent the groYes, 
Cropt by the reaper's cruel fcythe, difplays 
A languid beauty which eT*n death im- 
ThoQgh proftrate on the plain its honoori 

Still it regales the fmcll, and beautifies the 

Thon peniire Miife, whoTe cheek's expiring 
In fair fnffufion ceafelefs tears o'erflow* 
Come, with thy cyprefs wreaths adorn iiis 
Pathetic miftrefs of the flrain of woe ; 
Let the fweet tones nf thy theorbo mourn» 
And with melodious tears bedew his clay- 
cold urn. 

See, Melancholy with difhevellM hair, 
Difordcr*d veft, and attitude of grief, 
Totfaerade winds lays her chill'd bofom 
And bars connubial fondnels from relief; 
Slowly (he mores ^om her fepulchral gloom, 
Aod fmites her livid breaft, and rends her 
fable plume. 

Fly then, the debt of fympathy to pay ; 
Pluck Sorrow's ihatc from the picrc'd 
bleeding brral)-. 
Tinge with ccleflial Comfo'rt's orient ray 

Their airy fabric falPn 1 the meteor-blaze 

Dazzled a moment, and was feen no more ! 
Thus (tranfientpomp) noAurnal vifions glare 
In dreaming Fancy's eye, then mingle with 
the air. 

Such was the fmile, fo charming, fo ferene^ 

Which ftill in life o'er his lov'd features 

play 'd 5 

The fame his looks, the fame his gentle mien» 

Though in Death's icj arms forever laid I 

Scill the driv'n fnow yields to that fpotlefa 

Fit emblem of the foul that lately lodg'^ 

But, lo I divefted of its cnmbroas clay, 

Ai^ls cfcort th' immonal fpirit's flighty 
Where ftars nor fun e'er fenc their piercing 

To realms of blits, and worlds of emdlefa 

Why then, fince milder Reafon whifpen 

Mttft Nature ftill prevail, and her foft griefa 

increafe ? 

Now rais'd to heights of extafy divine, 

(>ur plaintive accents with regret he hearff 
Thinks us unkind thus feeming to repine 
At his bleft change, and wonders at our 
When ages without number difappear, 
IIJs joys are but begun, his hearen no change 
(hail fear I 

lovefted with a coronet of light, 

In amaranthine groves, and fragrant 

He qusffs ne^areous currents rolling bright 
Fromjafper rock.s through never-fading 

flow'rs I 
While from Heaven's Organ burftt the peal 

And fills with Jubilee the fair delicious 

clime I ; ' 

Thrice happy infant! what a doom is thine I 
Far worihicr of our envy than our tears I 

Deflia'd Co foon thy burthen to refign 1 
So foon irandared to thy native fphcres. 

Tbejoylefs ihades furrounding the dif- Where, all transform'd, a pure ciherial 


Build Traih*s imperial maufoleum high, 
On jaft AflVAion's fhrine offering ihe pious 


Infenfare Fate, regardlrfs of our prayer, 
VeiFd in Cimmerian night our fmiling 
How bright a day did It prefage, how fair t 
Death, viewing our fond fchcmes of blifs 
with fcoro, 
A dart from the foil quiver at his fide 
Snatch'dj the picrc'd viAim funk— he lan- 
goifh'd, and he died. 


Thou mincriel^ with the bleft, an angel with 
his kind f 

Oh ! while around the Throne of Light he 
Condu«ft-tl by fome guardian Seraph's 
^ hand, 

With lures, whofe ftrain the blifs of heavsii 
Regard and welcom'd by th* angelic bind, 
KxuUi parental Love ; nor here below 
Brnd weeping o'er his urn, and feed upon 
ihy woe, 


Short was his fojourn here— juft fcntto riife 'T-.^^re Tmpioni to lam«»nt h's glorious I s 

Ooi towering ho{<eB, then leave us to dr^ 

GxvT. Mao. Julf 1785. 

Is It no biiii to be rcmov'd on high. 



558 SiM PoHfji andna midmedim^fir July, 1785; 

kvt fairer now, it fcattert new perfamet 

Exptndli and blofloms in c«nf enial fluet t 
Tranfplanted fafe to a far happier climcy 
Ne'er (hall its TiTtd foliage feel the rage o£ 
Tine I 

Where ererj hamila fofrow St Awguey 

AboYc the ftany regions of the iky ? 
Where torrekiu of immoital pleafvre roU* 
Jof racing upon joy, tuaconicioas of con* 
troul I 

The vaft delights of the divine abodes 

What emphafii of language can ponrtray 1 
See I roand th* Eternal, i jk adoring odes, 
Angels with angels join*d, their zeal dif* 
Imiftortal palms high-waving in their hands. 
With TOice fohlimely tan'd the glittering 
cohort Hands I 

From the conf ulfive ptng * forerer free. 
The vldim of acute difeafe no flftore. 

From all the miferies of mortality 

Releas*d forever, on the heavenly diore 

He refts fecare, and triumphs o*er the ftorm 

Which with fuch rage on . earth aflail*d his 
feeble form I 

Let this lov'd thought exert its foothing fwa^. 
Through the torn heart infufing balm di- 
While we commit to its congenial clay 

His mortal part, and duft to daft coniign. 
Your wings o'er the cold relics ever dear, 
Bright Cherubim,- expand, and guard his 
^ mournful bier I 

Kor n>ng the captive of all-conqoering Death 
*rhat pallid mouldering body ihall re- 
"<{£ick-rous*d by the laft trumpet's awful 
All vigorous, it (hall, break its yielding 
Apd, burfting the dark caverns of the tomb, 
Arife divinely fair, flu(h*d with celeftial 
bloom 1 

Harki how his infant voice in hymns of 

Kow joins triumphant the feraphic choir. 
Grand Halleluiahs and fonorous lays 
Flowing, melodious, from each heavenly 

lyre I 
Xoad, and more loud, fwells the majeftic 

found, * 

While from th' empyreal arch the lofty 

ftfains rebound. 

But though meek Duty cries, ** forbear to 

" mourn, 
** Is he not bleft ?" yet the fpontaneous 

Of erring Fondnefs wifbes his return. 

And would detain him a frail prifoner 

Where vifionary forms of blift decoy, 
2>eep feas of lafting care fwallowing one 

tranfientjoy ! 

Replete with fragrance, crown*d with £dcn*s 
How gaily did the tender flower arife ! 

* He expired in a convulfion fit. 

Still, u etemitr purfues its round. 
Its odours (hall increafe, its chimshi* 
prove I 
Its blofloms no corrofive worm fluU wound 

In the bleft realms of purity and love : i 

Tbere (hall it blow, ftill floortihiug and fair. 
There no rude blafting florm ihall its bright 
bloom impair ! 

Orb'd in a lucid cloud, from yonder ikies, 
See, bleft Religion comes, with afpeft 

bland I 
Before her fmile the gloom of Sorrow fliet , 
Serene ihe fpeaks, waving her graceful 

Straight lightfome vlftas leagthen, on our 

Celeftial mufic burfis, and Heaven ttfelf ap* 

pears I 

From her foft lips confoUng language flows. 

She bids us with fabmimve reverence bear 
The fad vtciflitudes and numerous woes 
That wait each pilgrim in this vale ^ 
Tells us the ikies relu^antly reprove. 
And what corrcdion feems is but Mienul 

Come then, fweet Patience, placid Cherub, 

That fovereign cordial which can grief 

Joft breathe the requiem o'er the guiltleft 

And meekly the laft folemn office clofe i 
Warm with feraphic hopes AiHiftion's brcaft. 
Each rebel murmur footh'd, each fruitlefs 

ligh fttpprefs'd. 

Dukoicb Cntttgtt J. N. PuDDtcoMBB* 




T^ATHE not for me, dear youths, your 
jj mournful lays 
In bitter tears : o'er blooming Beauty's grave 
Let Pity Wring her hands. I, fi^l of yjcars, ■ 
Of honoori full, fatiate of life, retire, 
Like an o'er-weary'd pilgrim to his home ; 
Kor at my lofs repine. Yet the lafl prayer 
That from my ftruggling bofom parts ihali 

Fervent with you : May Wickham's much- 

lov'd walls 
Be ftill with fcience, fame, and virtue bleft ; 
And diftant dnes and regions hail his name I 


StkOPutry, andtHt mJ medmit /ir Juiyi 1785. 




corriren^m madum mvmi : pro linn mu* 
ttm liMfi p9fii ; nt forti dapkx imiBHai. 
Exanimi calram adfpeAans forte riator 
CommuDcm vivt fprererat effigiem* 
HEN Neville the ftout Earl of Sublatom dextra abjecitj faxoguefecutos:-* 

t N 




Wirtnck liT'd here 
Three oien fior brcakfaft were flain % 
And ftrangen were welcome to feak and 

good chcar, 
• Nftj iovittd tgiia and again, 

Bac Kis nenr^ an fo weak, and his fpirits fo 

Thia Earl with no oxen will feed *em ; 
Aad of all the former fine doings we knoWy 

lab i le gives us a book, and we read 'cm. 


QOME ftroUers, invited by Warwick's 
^ kind Early 

To his caftle magnificent came ; 
Frepar'd to refpcA both the owner and place. 

And to give them due honour and fame. 

The chambers^ the cellars, the kitchsn they 
prais*d \ 

Bvt, alas ! they foon found to their coll^. 
Thai, if chey expeAed co fcaft at his hou(e. 

They reckpn'd without their great hoft. 

He ihew'd them Guy's pot, but he offer'd no 
No meat would his Lordlhip allow ; 
Uolcfa they had gnaw*d the blade-bone of a 
Or the rib of the famous Dun Cow. 

Sat as you *re my friends, quoth the com* 
plaifant Peer, 
rU give you a new printed book^ 
Which may to your taftc fome amafement 
By the hiftVies of Greville and Brooke. 

Since your Lordfhip 's fo civil, well-bred, 
and polite. 
Pray pardon one oath from a (inner ; 
For your breakfaft I thank you, my very 
good Lord, 
Bnt a plague on your family dinner* 


K PAN ION ir T^isJbio-* xaIoi«afAC»ii ti( 

Ai(»lif*l ^"iffHl^y iwi xOova* aai Xi9«y ijicir, 

Ktf^v \uif JbaityT, oKKa «r»ioyU Aikd^. 

diet in y^ iwXii{iy» A^aXaV xa» ros 

. AfOeX. At 

Indidit at faxo jufta animam Nemefis. 
Nam capiti iUifum,re(ilic: qui miferat ipfum 

Percolit, atqueufom luminiseripoit. 
Manibus has reddjt pcenas 1 lufufque nefandi 

Pcenitet | et certam tunc habuifle manum* 


Mr. UaEAN, 

EROM the attention with which )roii are 
kaown to dtftinguilh all Curiofities of a 
iry nature, I am certain yon will gladly 
receive the underwritten, if you do not al- 
ready poiTefs it, BioN. * 







IlaXXa)^ ret «reli itfipop iw' EiXiOffoia 

TtfA»t it lA h yXvvlni "at ciwo^soi, fvt h 


Aa»JSo(Xi4 Xa^yfit{ Ithntb ^XX« f*^ 
Xa»^ J KiK^wO' «»« «r»yvrcslei>, tf^ iwi- 

^ £wir^1ixii$ r o^Od yXavxof iXtf ri dia<« 


IN Attic fields, by fam'd Iliflus flood, 
A tree to Pallas facred once I ftood; 
Now, torn from thence, with graceful em* 

blems dreft, 
For MIra's tea I form a polifh'd cheft. 
Athens^ farewell-— nor yet do 1 repine 
For my Socratic Ibades andpationefs divine* 


APRIL, 1785. 

"l^TOW tl^c beauties of Spring frefh tp- 
XN pear. 

And viMcts and primrofes peep ; 
What fwect entertainment is here 

For (hofe who would ho.iday keep. 

Far retir'd from tumult and noife. 
Our moments in plcafure we fpcnd { 

And in lilence experience joys 

That arlfe from a well-cbofrn fr'cnd* 

Lovely N*lure, her charms to d I'pUy, 
SpreaJk » fragiance ot w«>udo.nc8 around | 

Sbe cuns ihr arti^al ^^t" M.iy 
That paints the divcrfit^'d ^lound. 

i(6o Sekff Poetry^ ancimt an J modirn^ fir Juiy^ 178^. 

Beareft month ( moft deKgbtfally it^tt, 
EnrapturM thy bcaoues I Titw ; 

Sore no pen e'er thj fpleador cipreft 
Vo pencil thy effifiei drew 1 

Stratford, J. HuNT. 



LAiT month's MAQAZIN£* 

THAT your verfei are flattering I 
cannot deny. 
They htte puszled my brains much to 

make a reply. 
For bow (hoclu I live if Dame Nature 

(hoold die? 
]^ach day have I iaboor'd and rack'd my 


To fludy her I<ady(hip*s works with atten- 
Bot wlih all my eodeaToun^ in pencil^ and 

My rofes by hers are but dull, flat, and faint. 
She vifits your houfe with an intVeftcd 

At all (he meets there is both folid ind trae. 
There, Genius receives her with welcome 

moft hearty, 
AndBenevolence too always ioinsin iheParty* 
<* Mo wonder that when ihe obferv'd my at- 
To copy her works, (be (h«vld frown with 

An^> feigning to fpeak of my flowers u her 

By rallying ny folly might make it more 

Bot> if Hie will fuflTerhcr fcycns to grow. 
And give me beaUh, «nd fpirits to watch how 

ihcy blow, 
When bleak Winter comes on, and hers axe 

ro more. 
My refembUnce, tho* Highr, may be held in 

fome (lore: 

Kcc fen(it minus. hoc ipfum ptochotrophion^ 
Cni oroando, aogendo, in <^nibus T 

^enefaciendfo, operam impendif^i roaxiraam. 
Cum te omnes plorent, torn omnium'maxim* 
Ch«ri(&ma conjoC' Anna, ti inclytfi Harii- 

De Balls apud Henfordienfes familiS oriondai 
Qoar, memoriae ergo, quam colit faBAiffimfi 
£ marmore me indicem fecir. 


N D E A tr, 



R O 



'ILDER than the fommer (eafmi 

Is the temper of my dear ; 

His tbe feaft of feole and reafon, 

Tender thoughts and words (incere* 
Not the dupe of pridi or fafhioo % 

Rolling years his faith improve \ 
Strong and lafting is his paifion ; 

Time is fuie a friend to love. 
While wc fmoothly glide in pleafure^ 
t he each moment like the pafl: ; 
Life our hope, and love our treafure | 

Love and life (hoold ever laik ! 


Octajtontd by the hringimg to Court u mtild 
Tomb, taktn im tbe H^ooJs of Girmaty^ in 
tbe Tear 1725. From Poems collect d bj[ 
Mr, J. Wejltfy vol. 11. p, 1 77. 

YE Courtiers, who the blifSngs know 
From fweet fociety that flow, 
Adorn'd with each politer grace 
Above the reft of human race ; 
Receive this youth onform*d, untaughtj 
From folitary defarts brought. 
To brutifii converfe lonjc conHn*d, 
Wild, and a Aranger to his kind ; 
Receive him, and with tender care. 

. For reafon's ufc bis mind prepare-; 

A« my gieateft delight is to copy her beauty, Shew him in words his thoughts to drefi, 
|o giving me leave, (he's but doing her duty. To think, and what he thinks exprefs j 

July 18. 


E P 

TH« S. 




T A P H, 




PARUM tacende, ncc premendc pulveris 
C«co cubili ; gratia (Ciarki) tua 
Vocalis, cccf ! paries fio, gefticns 
Pium tibi nomen eloqui perenrios. 
In te uno defiJeratiflima quzque amifimus, 
Theotogum quam rcientiiTimum, 
^ec loqvsentem tamen, fed viventcm magna : 
Civem^ ricinum, amicum, ope, confilio, fide, 
Ncmini non utilem. 

Porro, quodcunque ttbi conticrit later.itium| 
Cum Caefare, marmorcom reliquifti. 
Hoc f'-ofit Hertingfordburienlis papu< ; 
Hnc tereplum ibidem, hoc cdrs red<'ri9r, 
Hoc et homines fenfere ; 

His manners form, his condu£^ pl*ny 
And civilize him into Man. 

But with falfe alluring fmilc 
If you teach him to begoile { 
ir with language foft and fair 
You infiru^t him to enfnarei 
|f to foul and brutal vice. 
Envy, pride, or avarice, 
TenJ the precepts you impart { 
If you taint his fpoclefs heart x 
Sj^eechiefs fend him back again 
To the woods of Hamelen { 
Still in defarts let him dray. 
As his choice direfls his way ; 
Let him flill a rover be. 
Still be innocent and Ure. 

He whdfe luiUul, lawlcfs min4 
Is to reafon's guidance blind, • 
Ever llavifh to obey 
Each imperious paflion's fway, 
Smocth and courtly thou-^h he be. 
fl^'';. ihe Sav4^e, orJv he | 

Indiaitiin o/Dt* FranUia, frim a Cbargi agalnft blm. * 561 

A Wnwr m tht PM$IU Advmifir of July 1 1, 
madmr tkt Jtgamtttn of A Bricooy Livimg 
mOMmtd s mtry Jumdsr Aucdio of Du 
FrftDklin*s cbm^mg b\ irtjs jufi htfwo ho 
/gMi tho lato Trtsiy of Ptacff it Bm drawn 
forth thoftihwmg mutbtntic Refutatiom from 
Mr. Whitefoor3y wkkh «w iay kefin »ur 
tUaitrtfor tbtir fornfalg togubor with tho 
Jkmdno wbkk govt wccs/im to it. 
To the PRINTER, &c. 
SIR, / 

I H A V E tbU momeot been reading a 
letccTy prioicd in yoar paper of the i ith of 
Jaly, under the fignatnre oi A Britom. 

Ic is not my iDteotion to enter into in 
argaoMnt with the Author of that letter on 
Che merits of the Peace : but for the honour 
of tmthy and in jaftice to Dr. Franklin, I 
take the earlieft opponunity of afl*ario^ your 
Oorrefpondent, A Briton^ that he b\* betn 
egregioufly impofed- apo ", in the p'ritoaded 
account of Dr. Fraok)in*s having changed 
bit drefs jo^l be tore hit fiigning the Treaty of 
Peace) and alfo in the Reafons alCgaed for 
his fo doing. 

This abiurd ftory has no foundation but in 
the imagination of the inventor. Until I 
faw your correfpondent's letter, I did not 
know that the ftory had already appeared in 
print. It is true, indeed, chat I have fre* 
quently heard ic repeated in converfation, 
•nd have al«rays treated it with the con- 
tempt it defcrved : but your Correfpondent, 
A Briton (whole abilities ao a writer I re* 
f^A) baa, by admitting ic into his letter, 
given it a degree of confequence, to which 
It is not oihcrwife entitled. From my 
opiii'on of him tfi a man, I am alfo difpol'ed 
to- believe, that he will not perfift in circu- 
lating a falfchood> knowing it to be fncb. 

Mr. -Ofwald, the Britilh Commiffioner, 
heing dead, I am the only perfon who can 
give your Correfpondent official information 
on this fobjeA :— >I am ready to meet ABri- 
tin whenever he pleafes. 

In the mean time, give me leave to aflure 
him (having been prefent, officially, as 
Secretry to the Britilh Cummiffion for treat- 
ing of peace with America, during the 
whole time), tbac no fuch words as thofe 
mentioned in his letter, of this day, were 
fpokcn by Dr. Franklin i neither did he 
leave the company, or change his drefs. 

The inventor of the flory Jfppofei chat the 
tA of (igniog the Peace took place at the 
houfe of Dr. Franklin. The faft is other- 
wile : the conferences were held, and the 
treaty wai^gntd, at the hotel of the Britilh 
Commidioner, where Dr. Franklin and ibe 
other American CommilHoners gave their at- 
tendance for that purpofe. The Court of 
Verfailles having at that time gone into 
mourning for the death of fome German 
prince, the Doctor of courfe was drefled in a 
fuit oi blatk cloth ^ and it is in the recollection 
of the writer of this, and alfo he believes of 
many othci pcoplci thai wben (he memo- 

rable Philippick was pronounced againft Dr« 

Franklin in the Priry Council, he was 

drefled in a fuit of figured Mancb^tr mtlvd* 

I am, Sir, Your very humble (ervaoty 

CrnWtt /hut, Monday evening, 

Antedote^ copied from the lotterfigjud 
A Briton. 

** The fceneof the fignaturewas, it feemi, 
to be at Frank lin*shoufe. For, juft at the 
great Deliverer of the colonies from their 
eaflavemenc Co the notorious tyranny of 
Great Britain appeared in aA to fet his an* 
guft hand to the blefled inftrnment of m 
Peace of his own dilating, he flopped (horc 
on a fodden ; checked, as might be fuppofed^ 
by a fecret remorfe at the horrid crime he 
was about to perpetrate. Nothing like it— « 
He begs of the panics prefent to retive for 
a few minutes. He leaves the room, and - 
prefently returns} when having alked theA 
whether, they could gucfs the motives of his 
Ihort eclipfc, and being anfwered in the 
negative, the traitor, with fuch a malignant 
grin as may be imagined of a fiend of hell, 
•n his having accompliihed fome mifchief 
worthy of a damned fpirit, laiisfied his 
hearers in thefe or the like terms : 

* Gentlemen, I beg pardon for having dt« 
tained you ; but mark this coat.*-^< Wt dop 
and ohfet vo it is not tho fame in whith you loft 
the room !*«•' No, it is not ; but at the point 
of my diflfevering the Britiib empire, I could 
not refufe to myfelf the plenary enjoyment 
of my triumph on the glorious occafion* 
Accord iagly, I now fign thefe deciHvo 
articles of leparation in the very coat that I 
wore at the time that Mr. Wedderbur^ 
abufed me at the Council Chamber : an in* 
dignity which I rejoice thus to revenge oa 
his maAer, and the whole Britilh nation.* 

** He then exuUingly figns that detcftable 
inftrument of the mortal wound to his own 
country, by a dilVaemberment of both parts 
of it from each other." 

A Briton's RefraSion of the Charge ttgainfi 
Dr. Franklin. 
To the PRINTER. 
S 1 R, 

I T is, in truth, much to the honour of 
humanity, and to his own, that Mr. White- 
foord has, by his candid and uncontrovertihle 
evidence, invalidated the imputation of Dr. 
Franklin contained in aBairoN*s Icttet, 
publilhed by you on the nth inliant. The 
horror of fuch a procedure as that of the 
D'u^or, could only be exceeded by that of 
wilfully attempting to fix on him fueh a 
a calumny. For a calumny it muli be con* 
feflfcd it is, on the faith due to a gentlemaa 
who is, 1 firmly believe, incapable of a 

This rctra£lion is purely in honour to 
truth ; I with I could add to innocence. 
But, on this occafion, Qt, Franklin has noc 
the iJoialleft right to complaivL) ^tt&« \Vn 

fin£aaim </Dr. Frankin, fnm a Chargi agmnfi bim. 

fBlk of hil loafyirKJ t{i!nS kii caoDIrr 
vu ilritJf (rf To blick I iDoplciian, ihu 
»• (iKinUiiKt »iiM «(U dcrpca tbe 4;e. 
Or coali a nlffii, of *li», if hDnui 
faBt« cnU lu>e rculicJ him, the linbi 
doglitf iTMhaat a Javba, is hate qninred 

••■M foch 1 oar, I (tj, csBpUia of anj 
AB^JMftxjy iritt.DC >c«S*rj h(>ipg cRpc- 
into tbc charge > Whu wu lutb i ulannj 
4a hia, WDfind le hi> cilnnny on kii 
((MBiiy hire, of Imlng jiisjcatd, bj ihe 
VoS borriU brcacli of iruAr to drpr^Te tbc 
ColcMiai of thcli LiaiiTT? Bf the ID- 
AiKB^eorwfaich ciKiibLc filfiij, yn, to tb« 
DoAoi't AWDyafcd koovltdge, ■ falfilf, be 
kari opctucd Ike nioli of [ke Colonic!, 

th eir ialljTeBEat cokiiviUiiBoiiacci 

own irrr iSiaisnue cMatrj, till faeh 
riiarin had ids cSVAHllTCDoriinKd ihi 
■fnsiry, ip the dinaaftiiiiirerDiIri 




■■■ Gnglc Hoc : 

1 h>TFbaii»«r>nic<. By aBOn cntoiiiceiH 
icinpi for all ftnict, of ■kick 1 knew too well 
[bcBtifcrablegrouiiit; foipinyibertexiftia* 
C->iinu7 ) ikE *trj wMd' nclsda cDnurT> 
CUar-fpiril«l)r then J tnift lo Mr. Wkira: 
toard'i cmdiwr for neulpiiioi uM of any 
inieniiondetiMinriiaillatj, Khich.farTeiT 
defer-fible rofoni, I oade no rfitEcnliy of 
bclicriai, and sMfi bcutil<r ihink bis foC 

F O R E I G I 


ON tke 41k of Jane, her Imjvriil Majellf 
fa oal from Cttrika Zdo, iliaded br fomc 
•f ike principil cficcn of tbt caaic, en'i tosr 
■a tke pntri^cei of Koisforod »nd Twer, 10 
«t6l * DiTigibU canal fituiird In the pminie 
•f Twer.i work afthe higbef) impenaacero 
tke Ru^n comnerce in genenl, and piiii- 
calirly to that ofibii capitil, ••, ky nniiing 
(kt men Mifta ind Tweni (Eh« Inter of 
vklck bill into the Valgt), it eOablirhei * 
cotnpleie water coninDaiciiian between the 
teraiS ptorinen of ihii empire, ftbm the 
Awm of the Cifpiin S» la ihofe of the 
Biltic. The head of thii caail ii Jt > place 
caUtd Vifchnii Vobatchak. 

Tkii |ftU Soiircign, who h» crlekntei) 
■fcrj year of her (loriooi Reign br iA> of 
Miiietiil philimhropy, U foppofed ti 

ptai bet >«fli 

ncc ioikc 


r > dooht. 

hM been forrams 

■noDg the prin 

cipil Bembcn o( ike Get- 

«a<tlc, for (he ml 

lioUBlRIC df their 

■ighti, and for 

g (he bal»ce of 

p.»er in the £n 

ipire. It 

W(t toherCiTifft 

Maj(Dy .h.t. 

S-ri^g ,t 

Tiealy of Nem 

i.alllT » 

which all the B. 

iKllme po 

to Kctde, axd 

>o whiik 

none kaldljr dared 



. A treaty, there- 

hre, for (be prerer*i(ioii 

. of ptice in Ike 

Empire, unooi 

fail of 

meeting ker fall 

1 it.e mei 

in. to rref'r-e a 

e^fiflency it cl 

iMiAer in 

her poliiic.i con- 

d*a, which fhe 

.,Tr.r. 1 

nagniDiaitjr to 


■nd. With refpcA 

«. (he ptefrni < 



r, !■« much h«. 


J May, hi 


ffl out f.™Vi 

rnn», icci 

>n>F.nied only by 

Compie K.nrik 

, for Ma 

nt». >.»IPir. in 

lt.W, »ber. he 

t the King and Q. 

of Naple.. 

On the firS 

f Jm hil 

t M'jeny artiTd 

at Mxxna, and 

Vril «el 

h, -he Archdoke 

61k the Eoipeior made a toqr to Venn, *ot 
wii prdicnl at a tuU-fighi. The order that 
hid been gi*ea forillutninitioni wuconniei- 
nandcdi and the money (iTen to IwclM 
Dew- Dirrird cosplei. 

Tbrir Sicilian Mijeft'n fe( oni from 
Mintna for Parma and Turin on the loib ( 
and hil Inipc:ia1 Majefly, lagcthcr with ih« 
Gicit Duke of Tnfi^iay, departed the neit 
d«T fnr Crrmona, Lodi, sad Paria, on thelt 

Ltcicrt hi*e been rrceiied rron Coti- 
the Gr«d Viiir, .1 the feciet inflipiion of 
the Ctplaio Pachi 1 and ibii irmiel Bey 
racctrdi to that inpoilinl pod j and ih« 
II nilliont of plifirn, which were fourtl 
in hil coffen, ha>e been confifciied to ih« 
nfe of hil Snblirae Highneft. Although de> 
priced of all hit polTclIioni, he wis nai per- 

faewueiiled; for, « hill) he wis on the wiy, 
he wit oieniken by the Cipigi Bachi, who 
by order of the Ciind Signior prifentcil him 
with (he fidl cord ; hii head arit brolght 
to thit ci'f , ind, ifirr he-ng n afatl prefcnied 
to the Grind S.gnior, wai psblx ktj eipoftl 
upon the gite of the feriglio, with ths 
following inkrifiionurdrr it: 

" Thit is ibe h»d of Hilil Himrd Pachi, 
life Grind Vizir, who defeirrdly incsned 
hit punilhmtnt for beinying the miciens of 
the flue ind reliEion, bj mimginR iffiin 

Maf,r'.f,brVK^iTJ.: he .tied likeaiytini, 
h»inE '"™n> hi. fordid .vin.c betn gmlty nf 
fri fluent i:id public opprclfioni of the people 
oi Ci>d." • 

(In ihe 10th of Miy the New Grind 
Viiir W"! inftillrd, md confitmed in hil 
impoitint rfticei ind in a Uv d.y, feme 
. dtpinmei^ts of 


not pl.t 

10 for- 

tdvkis frm various Paris rftbi Contlnenif and America, j^j 

I tke i^th, when eretf remtiniog 
Bt in Siting the Uft admloiftratibn 

»8. The deferiptton received from 
tinople of the new Grind Vizir it 
rry favoerahle one ; he is depiAed as 
letbrmed nan, and blind of one eye, 
ry rigid ferere difpofition, and alco- 
Bore fit to condnA an army than to 
St a council board. 

czecQcions have taken place among ** our, &c. 

« Filk9ur£,tZ April, 1785. 
** IhaAea, M. Le Compte, to anfwer yoir 
*' circular letter inferted in the public prints. 
** Our intenriew, if 700 think proper, ihall 
u be at B^— le l>— • (probably Bob It 
" Due in Dutch Brabant). As I am in the 
'^ neij^bonrhood of the city, I do not. want 
" much money to carry me thither t and I 
** ihank yon fincerely for the 100 JLouit 
** which yon offer me. I hare the hoo* 

L. Favri." 

>(ed minifters ofthe Tarkilh Monarch, 
mail, heretofore Secretary of State, 
kly Governor of Belgrade, wa^ re- 
on the 1 2th of laft month, and 
^d. Three days after, the death of 
ttfti was declared, and there is no 
«t it wu of a violent nature, 
he 15th of May a Capigi-Bachi, the 
rho, by order of the Sultan, brought 
ftanrinopte the head of the depofed 
Vifir, performed the fame operation 
d Baflfa, late Governor of Servia ; 
he executed on meeting him by 

on the road near Widdin, This 
•Sachi afierwardft feized the yaluibte 
ms of the faid C ^/trnor, eihmatt^d at 
Is of two millions, ccnfifting folely of 
and luluable moveables; this Pacha 
; precaution to fend, as it is prefomed, 

foA at Conftaotinople all his ready 
era from Triefte ofthe irth of June 

** That the Bafhaws of Scutari 
»f&ia are in fall rebellion againft the 
Seignior, and are marching at the 
•f a coniiderable army ; and that, by 
socions they feem to carry devaftation 
rer they go," 

Governors of other provinces are in 

rebellion againft the Sublime Port, 
> lefs than ten heads already adorn 
alls of the feraglio. 
:e the above revolt, 4000 Bofnian 
:s have deferted from the Tnrki(b i^rmy, 
rcfentcd themfelves on the Auttrian 
*rs ; which feems to have embarraflrd 
nweruoT of Smelters not a little, as not 

The Compte in his replication pleads in* 
dtfpoiition 1 hot the parties at length mec^ 
and never was there fuch a farce of a fight* 
Their feconds meafured the ground at 15 
paces ; the heroes took their ftations ; the/ 
iired a piftol or two each; theirfeconds com* 
mended their bravery ; the Compte forgave 
the fecretary ; and there was au end of^the 

It now appears, that the uafortvnate 
people, who were mafTacred in the ill and of 
Hiero on the 25th of December laft (See^* 
392), were convicts, 92 in nomber, mipped 
on board the Dublin the 17th of the preced* 
ing month* They were become mutinous { 
and, on their making Fierro, abfolotely ia* 
filled on their being landed there, witli 
which the Captain in his own defence, was 
obliged to comply. It feems, the gaol di& 
temper prevailed amongft them, which the 
Spaniards took for the plague} and were 
therefore in fome meafore juftificd, though 
humanity recoils at the brutality of ihm 

American Intxlliobwci* 
Henry Hamilton, £fq. Lieut. Got. d 
Quebec, xflued a proclamation. May 9, in 
the words following : ** Wherea» it has becA 
reprefented to the, that an illicit commerce 
has of late been carried on between the fob* 
jeAs of the neighbouring States of Americ4 
and the inhabitants of this province, injuria 
ous to the trade of Great Britain, and c6o« 
trary to law ; 1 do therefore, by and witH 
the advice of his Majefty's Council, publiflu 
this prnciamation, hereby ftri^ly prohibiting 
ng how to provide for, or difpofe of all fuch illicit commerce ; and notifying t<s 
Orders from the £mperor were there- all ib doth or may concern, that the feveral 
npatienily expeAed when this account aAs of parliament in force in this province^ 

for regulating and reftraining the plantaitioa 
trade, will be put in execution, aecording to 
their intent and meaning, againft all per&os 
who ihall prefume in any way to contravene 
the fame. And I do hereby re^nire all 
perfons, as well foreigners as fubje^b, to re* 
go late themfelves accordingly." 

St. Ge9rge\ Bermvdm, Fib, a6. His Ex* 

celleacy the Governor ilTued a pfodamation^ 

allowing the importation of fait provi^ons 

m^dc by the Cumpic <o M. (e Favre (fur the neceflary eonfumptioQ of the io« 

r his charges Co anyplace that he le habitants onlvjin Brttifts-boilt (blps.belong'- 

(houid apptfinc for Tneetiag. To this ing to Britifh fubje^s, and navigated ac- 

siige M. le Favre has fiucc pobli^ed cording to law. from the Cfniied States of 

liJwing aafwer ; Amrrtca, of eifewhcre^ far the (jpacc vf ^x 



ihe 2 2d of June the Barons de Wafl*e« 

ind Leyden, deputies from the States 

al to the Imperial Court, fet out frjm 

ague to the Imperial Court at Vienna, 

' to fettle the terms of peace. 

>ur Magazine fur May, p. 398, we 

lociceof a challenge circulated through 

e to M. Louis Le F^vre by the Compte 

irdorff. but omitted tho ofier of loo 

564 JivUisfrom Amerfca, €nd various Parts tfthe Cowttry^ 

On the soth of Mcy his Excellency Don 
Plego de Gardayni arrired io Philadelphia 
at Mioifter Plenipotentiarf from his Ca- 
thollck Majefty to the United Scatet : he took 
«p his refidence at the hoofe of the Hon. 
Don Francifco Rendon, who it appointed 
Secretary to the Spanilh legation. 

A projeft it on foot, and encouraged by 
the States of Virginia and MaryUnd, to 
open, by fnbfcription, an inland aarigation 
hy means of tbe river Potoumuck. On a 
meeting lately h^ld for that porpofe, it ap- 
peared that 40,0001. had already been fub- 
fcribed, which it more than fu&cient for 
the parpofe. 

Notice hat l^n given by the Secretary of 
State for the Province of S. Carolina, for pei^ 
font| who were citizeos in armt of the Sifter 
States, and banilhed therefrom, and have not 
received certificates of re-admifBon, that they 
are to depart from thence in one month after 
this notice. 

And farther, that all perfons who have 
^en banifhcd tl\is State, and have returned 
onder the Treaty of Peace, are indulged 
three months longer than by the treaty they 
are allowed ; after which period they are 
immediatrly to depart. By his Excellency's 
command, dated March 11, 1785.. 

Country Nxws. 

Jhe (hop-keepers at Bcub^ on jthe 15th 
soft, (the day the tax on their fhops took 
place), in contempt of the tax, hung their 
doors and windows with mourning. Some 
covered their compters with velvet palls; 
ethers hong out weeping willows, and moft 
•f (hem had infcriptions evpreffive of their 
deteflatioo of their once favourite minifter,' 
^s Pittf 919 partial Tax, A widow, in 
Northgate-ftreet exhibited> under a (able 
canopy, in her window, the following lines | 

111 bodes the day, O PITT 1 fevere thy 

\VheD injured A^Hdows join their Coantry*a 

Mourn thy dire ftatut'es—and confign thy 

To realms of dark nef*, fur thy field of fame. 
' Mils Pitcairn, at the Tapioca (bop, in the 
Grove, era fed for the day the firftfy liable from 
her namcy and the following Hudibraftics 
appeared on her (butiers: 

The name of PlTT's fo odious grown, 

Tho' that made up one half my owDy 

That lol I do renounce it truly 

On this deteftcd fifth of 1 

And know from hrncr (tans hoca poca)> 

That «^<ffM 'Cairn feU& Tapioca. 

At Brifid, the Ihopt were all ihut, and 
Jiang with emblems of mourning) infcrip- 
tions appeared in all parts, exprc^ve of the 
moft indignant contempt of the author of 
the tax, and the belli at the (everal churches 
were rung muffled on the occsfioa. 

At i^erwicb the e£gy of the Miniiler wat 
conduced through the town oa horfcback| 

attended by fix execatloners, and a vaft mnU 
titode of people; and, after receiving the 
moft difgraccful treatment, wat led to Mou- 
flioold Heath, where a gallows was ercAed 
on the very fpot where the Rebel Cade builc 
a c^le, and there hanged and burnt in 
cffi|Qr« In almoft every town in England 
this odioas tax wu marked with difgrace. 

A little fhop-keeper, in the parifli of Dept* 
fird, near Warminfier, whofe returns do not 
often exceed forty ftiillings per week, pays a 
duty for a licence to deal in hats, for another 
in medicines, for another in tea, for another 
to ride an horfe, and for another to keep -a 
cirt, and, fiathly, hit little hut it nowaffefied 
to the ihop*tax 1 

At Petttfortb, in Suflex, a ftorm of hail 
and thunder, or rain, fuddenly raifed the 
river, by which confiderable damage was 
done to the farmert, by carrying off great 
quantiiiet of hay from the meadowt, and 
lodging the corn. 

On the 27th of June, a farmer in Rotb* 
baqr Tortfi^ near l^lcwcafile, cafling peat in- 
cautiou/ly, fet fire to a part of the heath, to 
get more eafily ai the mofs, which by the 
dryneft of the feafon fpread, and more than 
150 acret were confumed. After this, the 
heaths on the adjoining hills, called Symond- 
fide-beacon, took fire, and more than 1000 
arres of fheep'ground were rendered totally 
nfelefs. On the 29th, the writer of this 
account fays, he walked to the top of a rock, 
from whence the profpeA was dreadful be- 
yond conception. A large forface of fire ap- 
peared in the valley below, and the fur- 
rounding hills being in flames, exhibited a 
pi£fcure equally horrible and beautiful. 

At Ftrtlbam, near Newmarket, not lefs 
than 230 ftieep are faid to have died out of 
the town flock, which confifts of 2000, owing, fuppofed, to a violent hail-ftorm on the 
16th of June (fee p. 480^). 

At Brnrj^ aifizety before L.C. Baron Skyn- 
ncr and Sir W. H. Alhhurft, knt. on Satur- 
day, July 16, the five following prifonert 
received lentence of death, wuct Tho. Clark, 
Tho. Carty, and John Deaoe, for felonioufly 
ihooting at, and dangeroully wounding, Tho. 
Marfh, on the King's highway, near Yox- ' 
ford, and robbing him of 178 Spanilh dol- 
lars, and 4s. 6d. and his fifter, Sarah Marfli, 
of a quantity of wearing apparel; Robert 
Woods, for fteating a canvas purfe and lun- 
dry pieces of money oat of the dwelliog- 
houfe of John Smith ; and Robert Gooding, 
for ftealiog a cow, the property of Mr. Ri- 
chard Andrews, farmer, at Weybread.— 
Before the judges left the town, the two laft 
were reprieved j the others were left for exe- 
cution at Ipfwich. During the trial, the 
conduA of Clark was fiognlarly audacious, as 
he openly acknowledged himfclf to be the 
perfon who ihot at the profecutor, faying ** he 
did fo in order to acquit his comrades,** aK> 
though it appeared, from the ftroogell cvi- 
dince^ that ihtj were all prefcot« 



** At the fMBt afficcfl ctme oni before Sir 
W.H. Aifaharft, knt. ati4 a ffccial jury, a 
great ejeftaicm-canfe, to obtain pofleffion of 
an cftate called Lowdbam-hall, fituated there, 
and at ElmefwcU, Eyke^ 8rc. in tbe county 
•f Svffblk, wherein Mr. Tho. Breton, Geo. 
Wri^hcsf efq. Mr. Wm. Morrtt, Mn. Anne 
MafoDy and feveral others, were plaintiffiy 
aad John Rerecty efq. Dame Sarah Chap- 
■aiiy Mr. Joliah Robana in right of his 
wife, and (ereral tenants, were defendants. 
The caufe was opened by Mr. Woodrofife, 
and depended on the plaintiffs provinfr them- 
IclYes chaatOMT Bixasaf Robert Onebye, 
efq. of Lowdham-hally who died in 1753* 
and under whofc will the late Sir W. Chap- 
nan had pofleflioa till his drath ; when, all 
llie limitation* in Mr. Onfbye*s will being 
Ipent, the right heirs b<?csnie mi it led. The 
plaintifls, by their counfel McflTrs. Partridge, 
Graham, and Le BUnc, produced pedigrees, 
aatbenticated by a chain of wdl-conneAed 
proofs. Thecafe,ontheparrof thedefrndints, 
wii taken up by the Hon. Mr. Erfkine, who 
waa brooght from London for this fpecial 
purpofr, and who, with all that eloqurnce 
•f language fur which he is fo dclervediy fa. 
moos, in a fpecch of two hcurs and a half (a 
ipeech alreoil fulficient to have inide ** .\\e 
worfe appear the brttcr caofe*,'*) exerrtd 
himfelf in behalf of his clirnts, and wis fop- 
potted by Mr. Ad«:r and Mr. W.lfon.— The 
reply was made by Mr. Paiiridgr, in a manner 
which refleAed on him the highr/^ honour, 
both at a gentlemxni and as an able dlfpaf- 
fionate pleader.— The learned Judge, wha 
had patiently attended for more than 13 
hours, fommcd op the ev.dencc with the ut- 
moil candoor ; and the jury withdrew to 
coniider of their terdiA, which, after due 
deliberatiou, they dclirered for the plain- 

Tif rs. 


The Oourt of Srflion determined a Tpry 
fanportant and nice qucftion in Literary Pro- 
perty* The proprietors of the En^ycliptdia 
BrifoHmta^ a work in 10 volumes 410. lately 
pabiifhed at Edinburgh, had inl'erted in that 
pablication a very conliderable part of Dr. 
Gilbert Sre«a*c's Hiftorics of Scotland, and 
of the Reformation in Scotland, by the one' 
^arty called %Jixtb, by the other a tbird. 

The Cooit found, by a confiderxble m|- 
jority, that the defenders had incurred the 
penalties of the flaiote, and remitted to the 
Lord Ordinary Co modify the fam?. 

* For the a nexpefted compliment p^'d to 
** The Gentleman's Magatine,*' aud to *' The 
*' Hiftory of Hinckley," the write: of this 
aate is move indebted to the honourable 
Varrifier wb« made it, than probably he 
intended. ** Let the galled jade winch | 
•ar withert ate an wrung.'* 

The city of GlafgoW has for fome tima 
been in a religions ferment, being brooght 
together by the preaching of Mofes Leri^ 
a late converted Jew, who now afliimes 'the 
name and title of l^r. Hydic. Ditfenter^of 
all denominations, as well as the Kirk clergy, 
hare been his conftant hearers, approv'mg his 
admirable talents in expounding the Hebrew 
text ; and exciting the cartoHty of the mul* 
titude by the ooTclty of his dodrinea. 

At about a quaner after feren in the 
morning, the 15th of June, M. Pilatre da 
Roxier and the Sieur Roman afcended in a 
balloon, intending to crofs the Britifli 
Channel { for the firft 20 minntes they aj>« 
peared to take the belt poffible diieAion ; for 
a few fecondi they feemed to vary iheir di* 
region | and at length feemed f^r a moment 
Itationary ; but in lefs than ten feconda 
the whole apparatus was fevn in flames, and 
the unfortunate adventurers came to the 
ground fron the fuppofed height of more 
t\ian a thoufand yards. M. de Rnzicr was 
killed 03 the fpot, his belly burft, and hit 
breaft'b^ne broken; the S:eur Roman lur» 
vived ahrvut I o minutes ; one of his thigha 
was broken, and nearly feparated from hit 
body; befoie he expired, he waved his hand, 
in dgn of being fenfiblr. It is not cenainly 
known, fays the writer, whether the ballooo 
was A^dally frt on 6re by a mon-golfirr, or, 
being over- rarvfied by the heat beneath, burfl, 
and ^y that means the inflammable air waa 
fet in a blazr. It is faid, that M. de Rozlec 
had fomepref^gesof his impendinsfate^which 
made him lefs -fanguine, though relolutel^ 
predetermined to attempt the voyage. Pre- 
vicus to his afcenfion he made his will. He 
has k ft a wife and two fitters in the drepeft 
atfliftion. The mach'.ne in which M. da 
Rozier and his friend afcended, confined of 
a balloon -filled with intl«mm]ib<e air of a 
fpherical form, 37 fret in diameter; under 
this balloon a mo:;tgolfier, or little fire baU 
loon, was fufpcnded, 20 feet in diaireter; 
the gallery which fufpended the aercnautSy 
WIS attache^ 10 the net of the Uj^'per balloon 
with cords, which were faftened to a hoop 
rather greater than the monrgolfirr, and def- 
cended perpendicularly to the gallery. Tha 
montgolfier was intended to promote and pro- 
long the afceniion, by rarefying ihc atmof* 
pheric air, and by that means gaining levity. 
This unfortunate adt enturer wai the nrfl who 
explored the regions of the air, accompanied 
by M. d*Orlandas at Paris, io the prefencc 
of the iirfl pcrfonagcs in France fqx rank aiul 
literature (fee vol. LIII. p. 795); M. Mont.- 
golHcr, who was the firft inventor, never 
having trufted h'lmfelf off T«rr« Fimm. 

M. Pilatre de Rotier dined at Lord Or^ 
ford's, on Blackbcath, in company with M. 
Blanehard,. oti the King's birth>day, and 
left London wltU Khe Man«l\ da Wm£k&«^* 



fottf wh«in be had promifed Ih^ld ac» 
compaoy bim in hit eapedition acroft the 
Channel ; boC| on hit arrival at Boulogoc^ 
^. Roman inlifled on a prior pronife of af> 
.cehdipg whh him i and tbui the Marquis 
fri/ ibank his better' ft an that he hais ef- 
capcd this horrid difafier. A monumcDty uc 
b^ar, it I o be ercAed at Boulogne, in memory 
of this too dread fDlcataflrophe, 

This day Wm. Cuiiis Efq. late an eminent 
bifs.uit-bakcr ir. W«pping, waschofen alder- 
man of Tower-ward { and two days after, 
Benj. Hatnmet, £fq. banker, was chofcu 
for Portfoken ward. 

Junt 19. 
• Thii day a ducT was fought near Grofre- 
sor-gatc, between the Rt. Hon. the Earl cf 

A cf the kingdom of Ireland, and Mr. 

F M of the fam? kingdom. The 

affair ha|>|>rned from a punQifio of honour, 
^ftcr (hey had taken their ground, both at- 
tempted to fire at the fame t<me{ but his 
Lornfh p*» piftol mifnng 6re, and Mr. 

M 's (hot net taking effeA, the affair 

«ndcd to the faii^fadion of all parties. 

Julie 24. 

Abnut two o'clock in the afternoon Col. 
Fiizpatrick afcended alone in Mr. Sadler's 
balloon at Oxford; and, having fatisfied 
liift curioiity, defccndcd near Kingfton LiHtr, 
rppofitc ihi- White hoife Hills, in Berk- 
iViirc. to which place he was followed by Mr. 
Sauirr; and, being coodu^kcd to Wantage, he 
t'OK fomercficHiment, and immediately fet 
put lor JLondon. 

Cime on in the Court of King*s Bench 
Wefiminfter, before Mr. Jufticc Buller, and 
a. fpcciai jury) a caufe 00 fiirt //iciesf the 
King jigainft Richard Arkwrtghc, grounded 
on con)pIaint that the iaid RichardArkwright 
¥ras noi iDvcnior of cetiam mackines for prc- 
pariug coiiun for fpinuingy which ht bad 
obrainrd a parent for under the oame of a 
f reparing machine, and alfo that he had pot 
fpfccified the conllrcdlion. l^it inieief)ing 
trial of ihe engines commenced at 9 o*cluck 
in the morning, »nd ai halt pa A iz at mght 
the jury, wiihour going out of couii, gave a 
rwr6\€t for the K»ng, whereby the right of 
mouopoiy claimed by the deleuoant tctioine* 


Mr. Lunardi's balloon was launched from 
Arnold*s rMunda in St. George's Fletd^;hur, 
pot bring able to carry ihite pe: loos, only Mr. 
B g(in» and a Mr». Sjgp afcended id it. It 
Touk Its (ooife to the Wel>ward I and the 
day being fioe,'u made a OkuA buautifni ap- 

FKJDjtr, JVVf u 

This day, couuf«i was called to the 
\mi of I He Houte of Perrs, to be heard 
pn iKf writ cf error, rhe King agaifiH 
Aikinfu '2 when, after heanngMr. Bearcroft 
f lid Mr. Wood lor Mr. Atk'>nfon, and the 
*At(orne^ and ^hcitor Cental on behalf of 

tbcOown,tbe following qneftion wn put 
to. the Jndges prefent : <' Whether there be 
•sy enor in the record of judgment ?" The 
Lord Chief Baron of the Coert of Exche- 
quer delivered the tinanimoat opinion of the 
Judges, " That there is 00 error in the re* 
cord of the judgement." . The Lord Chan- 
cellor then moved, " That the judgment of 
the Court of King's Bench be affirmed;" 
which, upon the queflion being put, was 
ordesed accordingly^ 

Afrvdtzy 4* 

At a meeting of the Ibop-keepen of Wef^- 
minfier, held in Weftminfter-hail, Mr. 
Hog^ard, chairman of the committee for 
pppofing the fho)^-tax, ftated the feveral 
meafures that had been taken to prevent the 
faid tax from pa6ing into a law, which, he 
was forry to fay, bad all proved ineffrf^oal. 
An idea had then gone forth, for addrcffiog 
the throne, which he did not befitate to lay, 
had met with the difapprobation of the corn- 
mittee ; he then put the queflion for prefent- 
ing a petition early next feifion, praying a 
repeal of the faid aft, which was nnaoi- 
mottfly agreed to. 

Tutjiay 5. 

The Commiffioners of the feveral dntiee 

en honfes, window-lights, &c. in the city of 

London, met at Guildhall, in purfuance of 

a f) ccial fummons for putting in execation 

the late (hop* tax, when Mr. Deputy Dixon 

was voted in^o the chair. On a motion, that 

the confideraiion of the faid aft be adjourned 

to the lail day of Sept. next, a converfation 

took place, tending to (hew the impropriety 

of any rommiflioner taking the oath ap* 

pointed by rhe aft, who, in his confcience, 

believed the faid act to be partial, oppreffive, 

and unjuA \ and as the aft did not compel 

any cummiflionrr to qualify, be, who ihoold 

be hardy enoogh to come forward, would 

(hew himfr'Ta voluntrer in the fervice, and 

become a iavooter^f that rai, which was 

univerlallj cNplodtd. It was faid, that eveiy 

mt^deratc meafure had been taken that 'could 

be taken to prevent the £ft bring pafled, but 

without fucccfs ; and ii now remained with 

the conpmiflTioners to declare, by their con* 

duft, whether they would voluntarily under* 

t<ike to carrv the nft into execution, or, by 

aj^recipq wnh the irotion, conv ncc the 

^itiitVtr that commiliioners wrre no^ to be 

found ro aflul tn laying bis galling yoke on 

the Moulders, cf ihe lA)tidon thopkecperti. 

Upon poicing the qvieftion of adjournmrnt, 

mi<re than ^r. ha> d» were for the adjourn- 

rouit, and only t'oor agair.ft it ; whereupcu 

the Chairman iieclaved the qccflion carried 

in the aiiirmaclve. 

This morning the following malefaftoM 
were executed before Newgatr, vis. John 
Ivemay and John Honey, lor robbing Kd- 
ward Gray, bl'q. on Eahng-Common, of a 
watch and two teals ; Pt-ter Shaw, for (iraU 
iog in the dwellii)j;*liOufc of fdw'n Fianc'i 



tenliopey Efij. in Curson-Strecr, M«y-F«ir, ^ ibe fife arriril of the Beiborough tod 
Kwd gold boiei, fix watches, a quantity of Valcnune Indiaman. 

nedals, kc. and Jofeph Brown, for break- This morning afire broke oat at a tallow- 
ing into the dwelling houfe of Mn. Goddin, chandler's in Holboro ; but, at it only home 
at Hampftcad» and flealing a quantity of ^^^'^ ?».or fcTcn hoofes, in thit inceadiarj 
wearing apparel, &c. } and Robert jackfon, year, it is fcarccly worth recording. 
Tor forging a lc:tcr of auorney from Bcnj. A fire at Bigglefwudc^ has nearly burnt 
Bell, late a feamaii on board the Caryaford, "*o the whole village. 
with intent to defraud Samuel Danton, and -^ number of perfons were gathered to* 
llaac Clcmentfon. They were all young E^^^' «t Blinchard's late Aeroftatic Aca- 
neo, in the prime of life. What pity I • <**«/> ^J • Sadlcrs Wells tumbler, who pie- 

Fridiy S, tended he could let himfelf down from a 

PrcTiofni to the intended connencement P»'«*'g»oos altitude, by means of a parachute, 

»f the review, by his Majefty, of the artil- »»<* *»<^<**« *^ «hc while. He had aftually 

lery, the following eiperimeni was made in prepared fome machinery, by which he might 

Woolwich Warren. A range of five-inch *»?^« afcendcd 45 feet ; but hh heart failed 

timbers being ereAed to refemble the fide of J*"* ^^^'^ he had got to the height of 20 

a ftiip, behind them were placed eleven- '*®*> ^^ ^^^ fpread out his parachute, and 

inch, and laftly nine-inch timbers, the <lefcended by the help of his machinery and 

whole bolted and keyed together fo as to form **** cords with which it was held together, till 

a compaa body of oak. Againft. thefe **« ^** »^o*»f »• *"«« ♦'om the eanh, when 

tunbert five red-hot four-and - twenty poun- ^'*'»* came tumbler and fidle together. The 

dert were difcharged from the dillance of P*«chuie was broken in the fall, and fowaa 

SCO yards, and they making a clear paffage *^^ fiddle; but the tumbler, however, had the 

through the whole, lodged in a bank of earth E^xx* fortune to get off with whole bones, 

thrown up behind ; but the fixih (hot penc- **»ough with fome difficulty. 
trared about five inches, and ftt fire to the T^^^ afternoon filanchard made his firft 

timber, which in left than an hour wu en- *^'^'*^ alcenfion from the garden of the Old 

tircly confumed. Court near »he Hague, accompanied by M. 

Saturday 9, ^« Bralponc, captain of dragoons in t he French 

His Majei^ reviewed the artillery, n ^c^'»ce» «nd M. de Honei»banfan, an offices 

*«bore premifcd, when the experiment wu **^ ^**^ legion of Maillebois. They defcended, 

again repeated 00 the foppofed gun-boat; ^f rather fell, in a field at Zvvenhuis (a little 

but no perfon permitted to be prefent, except ^>*i*ge a few miles from Rotterdam) be- 

the officers, and thofc who were the imme- ^ng*»g «o • Dutch boor, who, inftead of re- 

diate attendanu of hit Majcfty. After the ceinng them with kindnefs, brought round 

review, kia Grace the Duke of Richmond, <^^in a fet of fellows, who with ftiaks began 

ordered a grand entertainment to more than to demolilh the boat, and with their forks tp 

•o officers, who were aAors on the occafion ; prick holes in the balloon ; and were pre* 

boip as his Grace did not honour them with ▼cnted from deftroying the whole, only by 

bis prefence, it did nor meet the expe^tiont *• P^omife of money. Mr. Blauchard made 

ot cbofe whom he had ordered to be invited. <^^" «> underiUnd that he had no money 

Smmd^ 10. *l»out him, but would give a bill, to be re- 

A man was taken out of the New River «*»▼««* »t the Hague. The paper he gave 

diowned, with a loaded piftol, tinder-box, ^** written in French, to this effeft : 
and matches, iir his pocket. On examining " ^ certify that I defcended at nine o'clock 

the bodj, twa wounds with fmall bullets ** ^^ ^ ^Y^ ^^^^ belonging to a man, who, 

were dilcovered, by which it was foppofed, ** though not in the leaft hurt by it, hat 

he was one of the fellows that was Ihor at '' demanded ten ducats of me, after helping 

•in attempting to break open Capt. Harris's " *o plunder me, and partly to deftruy my 

hoofe at Iflington a few nights before. ** car and my glote. 

I'uefJajf II. " J"/y "• Signed, Blanch a an.** 

At a Court of Common Council, held at Thinking he had got a good bill, the man 

"GuiidhalU Mr. Powell prefented a report were then very officious, and gave them every 

from the Committee for compleating Black* affiftance to forward them to Rotterdam, 

t'riars Bridge, relative to the petitioning the froni whence, after taking fome refrelhmeut, 

fioufr of Lords, for an aft for laying a they retorned to the HAgue, and Were kindly 

Sanday duty on the Black -firiars Road, for received by the Prince. 
kee^Dg the faid bridge in repair; when the Monday 18. 

fame was agn^d to, and a petition ordered— The report of the Committee on the Iri/h 

The fame has fi-ice bren prefented. Refolutions was broagtit up in the Houfr of 

Advice was received of the fafe arrival of Lords, when the debate was opened by 

the FowliS and Eiiropa Indiamen in Mar£fate Ld. FstzvfiUiamt who called upon Ld. Syd- 

JLoads. ney, the miniiier in that Hoofe, to perform 

• ' H ^ tdm ftUf ]}• his promife, and ex.^laiu to the Hoofe 

Advice was received at the Ihdia-hoafe, Ahe oeccfficy of ado^iting fooiaLhvtv^ ^«k\\ve 



to the plan caotatoed in the refolaciont thit 
bad been the fubjeft of their Ld's BeUber«« 
tiojift for a confiderible length of time,— 
This g*^e rife to a long debited in which 
the Ld. Chancellor took a decided part on 
the impropriety of calling upon any ooblt 
X<ord to fpeak^ when there was no queftion 
before the Houfe. As form as that matter was 
accommodated^ X*d. Fitawilliam proceeded 
t(D flate his opinion to the Houfe, on 
the whole of the fyOem, which he con-. 
^dered> not as coming from the Parliament of 
Ireland to that of England ; but as a pro- 
pofal of the Minil^er of England to the Iriih 
Parliament. This idea was generally adopted 
by oppoJition ; but denied by the frieods oi 

fovernment, who contended^ that the Iriih 
'arliamem, in their addrefs of 17849. had 
^ated the neceffity of fucb an adjuftmcnc as 
sow propofed, and complained that nothing 
had heen done towards it. After one of the 
BMft folemn debates that perhaps were cf er 
agitated in that houfe, or any other affemblyy 
the queAion was put for recommitting' the 
report, when the numbers were 

Conteats 2,0 Not contents 49 

Proxies .10 . Proxies 35 

Majority 54* 

The Refblntiooa were then read one by 
•ne. Lord. Vifcount Srormont and Lord 
Carlii^moved rarious amendments as thry 
proceeded, which were all negatived. Ld» 
aydoe^ moved two which were agreed to* 
The whole being read through* the Ld» 
Chancellor put the queftion, that this Uoufe 
will, tc-mortow, demand a conference with 
the Commons, and flatc to ihcm ; that thej 
hsvo J greed to the refolutions with various 
amendments. Ordxaid : And it being 
half after ^brec in the moruing the honfe 
broke up. 

Tuifdsy 19. 

In confequence of the above order, a con* 
|iercnce was held in the Painted Chamber, 
and the fame managers were appoiDied(reep. 
483). The Duke of Chandot acquainted the 
managers (ox the Coromons, of the Lords 
having fully coufidered the Refolutions, and 
made feveral amendments, to which they 
dcfired their concurrence. The conference 
then broke up. 

In the Houfe of Common?, Mr. Pitt moved 
that the Inlh pro^ofltions, as returned, by 
the Lords, Ihould be taken into confideratioo 
•n Friday nexr. 

Another meeting of the commiflioncrs of 
the houfe and window taxes was held at.Gnild* 
Kail, when a number of gentlemen in theinier- 
eft of government endeavoured to prevail on 
the refpe^ble body of commiflioners to aft, 
but were out-Yoted three to one. 

This day at 50 minutes after two in the 
afternoon, Mr. Croibie took his departure 
frq||i Dublin in a balloon for Holyhead. 
Sorrv wc are to fay that no account of his 
iandiug has yet been rrceivcd iis England. 
TburJdMy a I. 

The bill for the rciiei o| infolvent debtors 

was read a fecond time in the Houie of Feenj 
and the qu^rtion being pur, that the bill bfe 
committed, the AW Gimicnti had it. The biA 
is therefoi^ loft tor t^it year. 

The amendmentft made by the ,I«ordt la 
the Refolotions, relatiii]; to the Irilh Propofi* 
tioni, were taken into confideration, and 
warmly debated. 

Mr. JSdtH objected to th)e feveral amenit 
ments made' by t)ie Lords in a part of tbe 
Refolotion), for impofing pecuniary bbtdent 
on the people, which is the fole privilege of 
the Commons Houfe. The objeAion being 
allowed, a mode was found to accommodate 
thoGs articles to the fatisfadion of the Houie. 
After which the Refolutions were lent up to 
the Lords. 

A bill prohibiting the exportation of hay 
paflTcd the Commons Uoufe in one day. 
ihere is fuch a demand for hay abroad that it 
fetches any price; 12L a load at Paris | and! 
2cl. atBru^els! 

Mmiay 25. 

The Lords having agreed to the amend? 
ments, as fent up by the Commons, the 
Chancellor of the Exchequer mo^ed,. that an 
addrefs be prefented to his Majcfty. This 
was a violently contefted as any qi^ftkn thafc 
had yet been agitated. The refult was, 
that the queflion was carried, as was thac 
which followed, « for leave to brine in a bill 
for finally regulatinr^ the intercourie between 
Great Retain and Ireland on permanent and 
equitable principles for the benefit of both 

JfUaefilty if. 

The bill for laying a toll on all-horfei and 
carriages pafEng on a Sunday^ through any 
tornpuce at or near the €«rcus in St. Georfe^ 
fields, towards increaiiog the fund for watch- 
ing lighting, cleanfing, watering, and re* 
pairing Black-friars bridge, was put off for 
tbrit momki. 

Saturday 30. 

The Chancellor's prizes at Oxford were 
this year adjudged to Mr. Blackfione, A. B; 
Fellow of New College, for a profe Eflay 
on Dramatic Compofition ; and to Mr. Ben- 
well, fcholar of Trinity, for Latin Heroics, 
on the .deli rudion of Rome, by Alarick^ 
King of the Cotht. 

%• riH Addnp ^ th€ Cauatii mi CaUtttm 
f Crm. HsftiMgs, ai taking liovt, JbaJi be in- 
ftrtid in mir tuxt. 

Inventions and Discovztizs. 
One of the moft important difcoverlei 
that has occupied the attention of chetoijfta 
from the carlieft ages, vfz. the art of fixing 
mercury, has at leugih been effeded by a 
woman at Vienna of the nante of Orbclin. 
She invites^ the curtour to be eye-witnefa to 
hcY rendering mercury fufible like other 
metals, and to her hardening it again, 
without the inteirvention of any other 
metallic fubAance, the principle of itt 
Tolubility being abfolitcly dcftroyed. 


Mr. William Siftklit an cmxiient Quaker >" htnourof Leibnitz, Salzeri and Lambert 

hia Pruffiaxi Majefty ha. been p!eafc4 to affigrt 
a kite 10 Btfflm lor this tcitimony of the 
public approbation. The following is a copy 
of the aafwer given by F.cduic the deal 10 
Fiofcflor MucLIcr Qa thit .LCafion. 

" The monuments erca.d in honour of 
great men were in anc.cnt times a ilimulaa 
to the emulation of poftcr tv. A B^ron de 
Leibnuz, a Solzer, a LtmJcrt, dcfcrrc no 
Ids than the fagca of amiquily that their 
memory fhould have the fame honours, and 
Iheir merits be tranfmiued to che moft dif- 
lant ages. Perhaps l.kcw.fe thofe marks o£ 
dittinftion may roufc in fome a (/.rl to rival 
them lu their own way. In this hope, and 
m Bopc to grai.fy your nqu, 1I of yeficrday, 
I grant you perm. liion jo ra f. a iroj-nv to 

•f Scockton* in the couDtJr^of Porhamy has 
lately oonftn^ed a wiadmilly which it 
worked with Bx fails. It is fiity feet higl, 
and ftaadi upon an eminence within half a 
mile of the town of Stockton, and promifes 
to be of great advantage to tht neighbour^ 
iMod. On tke eifhth of Jane laft it was fet 
to worky and performed to adaurattor. The 
iriAion wm £9 fmall^as hardly to be per- 

Copy of the Petition preientcd to the Houfe 

of CommonSwby the Sheriffs of London, 

Ijpom the LoffMayor and Court of Alder- 

meoy againfi the^Attomey GeneraPs Bill 

for regfUating tfafe Police, &c. See p« 48 5, 

in coL Sff 1. 33f for twifl^fen r. ewtplopd in it, 

••THAT, the Petitioners are greaily, 
and* aa they conceive, moft juftly alarmed, 
at a bill depending in Parliament for the fur* 
ther prevention of crimes, and for th* more 
^edy deteftion and ponifliment of offenders 
agaioft che peace, in the cities of London 
and Weftm'tnfter, the Borough of South wark, 
and ocrtaio pans adjacent to them; and 
they think it a duty incumbent upon them, 
ai magiftrates, who are materially concerned 
in the adminiftration of juftice, in fo confi- 
derahla a part of the diff ridt propofed to he 
the obfeAof that bill, to take the Hrd mo- 
ment Jut offers for espreiEng their appre- 
kenfieiis of the nifchievous and dangerous 
cffeds of a law, which, under colour of l or- 
reAtng abnfes, overturns the forms eAabliihed 
by the wi(dom of our aaceflors, for regular 
adminiftration of juftice, and goes to the 
entire fobverfieo of the chartered rights of court of M. Trujuet, and a p*art of the houfe 

their honour, adorned wi Ii lt*tui$ and me- 
daU.on« of them. The mod prober |lace 
for this purpofe appears to mc to b.- in ihe 
middle ot the fquare lacing ni) ^-leai library. 
I'ure permit you to rrta .t lucre. la 
confcquence you may a,,.Iyeo L:cut. Gen. 
Molicndorf, Governor of R rl.n, who irilL 
receive from your gracious Sove.eijtn the ne- 
ceffary oiders for exprdit-ng ihat permillion. 
roijdjm, April 24, 1785. 

(S gned) FREDERIC* 


Vivay, m or the Lag ./ Geneva, June 7. 
A late event htre has occjii ,ncd ihc utmoft 
conftcrnai.on in this neighln^urhood. Que 
of the houf.s oelongirgio ih- Sjcui Sauteur 
was this morning about tive o'clock' tn-- 
galphed by the waters of ihc lake; at the 
fame time a large 


m the lower 

the greatcft city in the world, and the de- 
fhnftioo of the conKituiional liberties of 
above a million of his Majefty's fobje^s ; 
and that the Petitioners forbear to ftatc any 
of the nnmerous and weighty obje£Uons 
which occurred to them, to the particular 
daofes and provifioos of the bill ; becaufe 
the principle of the bill efiablifhing, in de- 
fiance of chartered rights, a fyftem of 
police altogether new and arbitrary in the 
extreme, creating without nereAty new offi- 
cers, inveffed with extraordinary and dan- 
geroos powers, enforced by heavy penalties, 
and esprefsly exempted from thofe checks, 
and that refponiibility, which the wifdom 
of the law^has hitherto thought neceffary to 
accompany every extraordinary power, ap- 
pears to them fo mifchicvovs, that no amend- 
ment or modification can, or ought, to re- 
concile che nation to fuch a meafure ^ and 
therefore moft eameflly praying the Houfe, 
no longer 10 entcnain, ox give countenance 
thereto, but by an immediate rejeAion of the 
bill, toquictthe minds o( his Majefty's fub- 
jeds,and relievctbem iromtiic dread ot being 
ledoced onder the fcourge of fuch a fyftem." 
Some lirieods and prote^ors of the fcieu(.es 

of the Sieur Jeannot uifappeaied, and noc 
the fmalleft trace of thcfe buildings is to be 
difcerncd. The number of pcrlons drowned 
is not known. 

The whole number «f deaths in the parifh 
of AlkUam, VVcitmorcland, from the ift of 
Oaober 1783, to the lit of Oiloher 1784, 
amounted lo t^tlvt^ two of ihcfc Were a 
young woman (of 22 ycais) and her infanc 
child. Tht ages of iheothci ten amounted 
to 808, iru. 69, 84, 93, 91, 91, 35, 70, 
6*> 7i» 9* Th:s is perhaps as remaikable 
an inftance of longeviiy as ever appeared in 
any particular panlh or towmlhip m the king- 
dom ; for(excludn£ he infant) it avcragcg 
75i ycais "o every pcrfon wh^ has died in 
tncpanfhi *"<*» excluding the mother and 
infant, it avamgcs lor ten out of the fm hf§. 
80J years. It is fuiihcr icmarkabh, of 
ten in the number who d'cd, 4 attained to 
more than 90 years j a to m-jrc than 80 1 
2 CO m»»r(; thdii 70 ; %t\6 i 10 ,t,<jre than 6a( 

A inacaw, in ihc port- llio.i ol the Right 
Hon. the F.ail o. Oxford, at Erjfwell, 'attly 
hatched two your 5 ones, which Jhe t^cdi 
with the utmoft tcudcrncls. An mflante of 
this kind does Vf t com^* wiilnn ouriccuiiec- 

lltving formed a dcfign to ere£k a monument tion, and may alfoid iubjcdi of eo^uiry anopg 
CajTT. Mao, Jifjr 178^ the uaturaiiili* 



I^O Particulars relating to the Birth rf the Duh of Normandy. 

p. 402, for Remagle, r. Reioaglc. 
P. 404, for Haddick Hill, r. Haycock Hill* 
The reference of fig. i, in the pUte, to p. 
ai7, fliouldbc X77. 

P. 418, col ii. 1. 34, r. Witercrook. 

p. 466, col. i. 1. 52, r. Aruconi Vcrecund. 

Kute, 1. 4, r. ia bU honour. 

P. 467, col. i. 1. 2, I Soeooet, 

P. 490, r. Mr. Jolin Wickendeo. 

Particulars relative to the bifth of the tXike 
of Normandy y fee p. 323. 

On March 27, the Queen of F;ance feeling 
indications of approaching labour, the Prin- 
ceft de Lamballe, fuperintendant of her Ma- 
jeAy's houfchu d, gave immediiie ordeii to 
appr.ze Monlieur, Madanne, the Comte and 
ComielTe d'Ar oit, and the Ladies Adelaide 

The Comte At Vir{;enae« difpttched mtC^ 
ftogert to the ambafladon and niniften at 
foreign courts, who all fet off the aezt niorii- 
itag at half paft nine. 

The next day the Priocet of the Blood had 
the honour to pay their court to the Queen $ 
and on the fame night there were very grand 
fireworks, of which the King was a fpe^ator 
from his apartment, and a general ilionu* 
nation took place thioughout the city. 

Mr. Richard Atkinfon, fee p. 407, may 
be adduced as one of the many inHancei o^ 
good .fenfe and perfevering. indnftry, well- 
dire£led, in a commercial country, Mee Eng- 
land, rifing from the bottom vf foctety to the 
fummit of. affluence. Mr. A. when be came 

from the N'Tih, was a were adventurer, un 
and Viftoire, and to reqjcll th«t they (hoold, fuftained by any inheritance, by few family 

lent to 

attend the Queen J ihe Princet alfo 
annuunce the event to all the other 
and PrincciTes ct the blood. 

The Keeper of the Scale, and the Cabinet 
Miaiilers, ifTembled in the rj^een's apart- 
ment, which -^as foon crowded w<ih thu lords 
and ladics ut the court. Her Majffty, aifer 
a ihon travail, was, at a quarter pafl feven in 
the evening, happily delivered of a Prioce, 
and of the moH proroifing healthy a^ipcaranc?* 

His MajelW, who attended by (he Queen 
during the whole time of her travail, gave 
Iter e^ery prouf of (cnderoefs, and on the 
birch of bis Ton wa» touched with the livelieil 
and qaoii aflcCtionaie joy j after having paid 
the firft attentions to the icfaijt, the King 
announced to her Majefly that fhs had bf ought 
Ibfth a Prince ; the Queen defired to fee him, 
«nd he was prefeuted to her by the Duchefs 
de Poiignac, aluiUd by three fub-gouvernantes. 
The Prince was carried to his apartment by 
the Duchefs, cfcorted by the Duke <l*Aycn, 
captiio of the gardes-du-corps then on duty, 
and who had been ordered to quit his lervicc 
•n the prejcncey in order to attend the Prince. 

frieixi) of any puwer, and by no acquifitlons 
which education imparts, but common pen- 
manfhip and arithmetic. Thus circum- 
fljnced, he came to London^ and, paflTiog 
through different 'compting-houfes, and expe- 
riments in trade, accumulate^ that prodigious 
wealth of which he died poflefled, and which 
he had long enjoyed. For Mr. A. was by n* 
means a miCer. His ordinary habiu of con- 
ftant expence, his oceafional Jiberalities, were 
all upon as large a fcale as could be expe^ed 
from his (lation wish all his good ;fonune. 
Nay, at timet, particularly in the fHxrit om>' 
n:a cf love, he was inventive after occafions 
to be magnificent. Thus to Lady A. LinJ- 
fiy, v/hom he had long admired, he once, ii> 
the gaiety of an after- dinner tablc-t*lk, of- 
fered to employ loool. of her fortune with 
h's own capital in trade, fnd, as far as it 
wcnr, to iharc and (hare alike. The off-r 
was cf courle with thanks accepted § and m 
three years her ladjlhip received her original 
icool. with the comfortable addition o» gccol. 
more. This may be called city-galUmiy in 
its bed manner. It was fiii, not othriwile 

The fame etcning the Prince was baptifed than gentleman- like $ thou h very wc!ght\. 

Vy tne Caid-nal Prince de Rohan, Grand 
Almoner ol France, in the prefcnce of the 
Sicur de Btokuevieille, Curate of Notre Dame 
—his fponfors being Monficur, and Madame 
Ell/abech in the name of the Queen of Na- 
ples The Prince was named Lauis-Charles» 
The Prince being rc'conduded to his apart- 
nacntj, the Sieur de Calonne, Minifter of 
lita;e, Compirdller-General of the Finances, 
and Grani Treaiurer, carried to him the Ca- 
don, itud the Order of the Holy Ghoft, agree- 
ably to tlie orders he had received from the 

Hii Majelly and all the Court afllfted, after 
the baptiiio, at the Tc Deum, the compofi- 
tion of the Sicur Gir^-rcit, fuperintendant of 
the mutick, and which was performed by the 
choir ot the chipel loya'. 

As loon as ihc Queen waa delivered, the 
Comte de S:. Aujairo, Licutenaut of th^ K..*s 
body guards, fet otf to Paris, to anacunce the 
bappy event to the city guard, who were af- 
icfiDk/lwd by Uio KiA^\ OiUci). 

it failed however of being winning. Lidy A, 
continued inexorable. ■ Aggregating the 

different articles of Mr. Atkmfon's property, 
hts 35,ocol. to Lady A. Lindfay, his 45,000!. 
to hia nephews and nieces, his 5C00K a year 
10 his eldeft nephew (at twenty years jiur- 
chafe), with his other efiefrs, the total miy 
be computed at three hundred thoufand 
pounds. I ■■ ■ 


Afril A T C^ebec, the lady of Tho. Ainflif, 
14. jtx, cfq. a fon. 

June 27. The wife of Mr. Henry Field, 
a ion. 

July 15. The lady of Joha EagUfli Dolbcn^ 
ef^. a daughtci. 

' Maasiaccs. 

Two noblemen ia France 
dcflt enough to enter inTo the iiitc -f 
wedlock a few months ago, at very aOr.'nfcd 
ages^ but the CTcat of chcir mArri;^gcs will 

wrrc irrp'u- 



. . .Maryiies and DifUhs of cGfipderahli Perjinu gji 

MttDCMtfigf manjr pcribm to follow their loW| to Mifs Edi, only ^aoghter of Sir W. ^ 

€Mmple. ' One was the Duke de Bootteville, bart. 

the head pf /h* iHofiripui houfe of Moitmo- Rev. Bartholoinew Lu:lev ScUtrr, rtf.\or of 

le^, premter Jiaron and premier Chriftian Dnimconrah and Almoritia rn IrtU-.c, t9 

jbiym of^Fr^ncct he. wat.^oit/ enough to take Mtfg Eiixabeth R^bccr? Briftow. 

n the afB of 87 yean and 8 mooths j 19. Thomas W- inan, efq. to Mif. l^irke* 

" \hM Ihred j«ft to cooiplete his 88th year. 20. W. Pop ham, cf<) of Civges-Otcer, 

,f]iec|ther wu Lieut. Geo* the Mar^is dp lieat. coL in the Etft lodia fer%irf, M.{s 
^oonritt^ who followed the Duke's example Thomu, only dao. of the lare S«r W. " ^ rr. 
sa'takiBga wife; he was 81 years and 9 t6. Byfpecial licenfe,, Sir J^im Tyln^ 
monttis old wtiea he married, and he died at Long, bart. to Lsdy Catherine Windfor, u.:«r 

4fae 1^ of 839 after hariag been married to the prefent Earl uf Plymouth. 
oi4r^ three months. The(e two lord* died W. H. Crowder, t^q, to Mrn Brome, from 
within iSluU three montiM,^Uid did not fur* the Baft Indies. 
vive each other ficYeo days. Hon. Mr. Barnet. n^pb«w to the Marquis 

ytmt 19. B^ 4^ecial licence, in Dublin, Capel of Bockioshatn, to Miia M mlia. 
AloJynenv, e(q, eldcfi foo of Sir C. P. hart, to 
IkCis O'Donel. Dbatus. 

27. Sir William CanrD|hsm, bart M«P. T ATELY, at Mount Jolier, the feat of 
for LinUthgowihirey to Mifs udney. I ^ 'he r^ght hon. £:irl of Carrick, the 

a8. At St. Andrew's^ Holborn, Robert right hon. Harriet VircouorHs Moumgarret, 
Morris, ef<|. of Liocoln's-ioa, td Mifs Pri* and Baroners Kcils, daughter of (he late, and 
•char^, of Swanfea. fifter of the prefr t Earl -of Carrtck, and 

29. Mr. B. White, jun. of Flcet-ftreet, niece to tbe Karl of ShanAon. Her Udyfhrp 
bookfelier, to llifa White, dan. of Tho. W. was bom Aufruft 11, V750, a twin with the 
diq. of Sooth Llimbeth. hon. Pierc: Butler, a : . ma'rrjej October 2 r»' 

Mr. John Bowrnao, of ClcmentVinn, to 1768, to the right hen. Etinound LorJ Vifc* 
Mrs. DMrie. Mountgarret and Baron Kells j by whom (he 

30. At Bexlcy» Kent, Capt. Miller, of the has left ilfue one dauginer, Ch.rlotte, and 
•avy, to Mlia Todd, of Greenwich. four fon», Eddhsod, Som.-riec - Hamilton, 

Jufy • • • Mr. Giliumy of the India-honfe, Henry-Thomas, an < Pirrce. 

to Mils S. Rennard. At Brae Mar, in Invernffs, Mary Canve- 
Sam. Tooth, efq. timber-merchant, to Mift ron. aged near 1 30 years. Shereaiied her 

Koffe. fenfes to the lat?, and wu a member of tbe 

W. Terry, efq. of Malaga, to Mtfs Power. Eptfcnpal church. She remembered the rc- 

U A. Eubank, efq. to Mrs. Hallfwell. joicmgs at the Reftoration of Charles 11. Her 

I. At St. Janes'*! church, Weftm. R. Carr honfe was an afvlum to the exiled Epifcopal 
-Glyn, efq. fonof the late Sir R. G. hart, to Clergy at the Revolution, and to the geotle- 
Mi'a pjomptre, only daughter of Jahn P. efq. men who were profcribed in the ye*rs 171 5 '. 
of Fredvilie, go. Kent, formerly M.P. for «Qd 1745. Upon bearing that the forfeited 
Kottiofham. . eftates were reftored, ibe exclaimed, « Let 

4. Sir Thosai Dyke Adand, bart. of Kil- ** me now die in peace ; I want to fee 09 
lerton, co. Devon, to Mifs Hoare, only dau« ^' more in this world." 

0f Richard H. efq. of Elms. Mr. Ellit, formrrly of Cambridge. Hit 

W. Webb, efq. merchant, to Mifs Mar- death was occafionsd by a fall from tbe main- 

garet MackcAzie, fiAer to the late Earl <)f maft of a Ihip at Oftend. He was on his way 

'Seaforth. 10 Germany, where the Emperor had engaged 

Robert Deant, efq. captain in the royal him on advantageous terms to go 00 ? voyage 

m9.rff to Mifs Eliza Eirle, eldeft daughter of of difcovery. Mr. Eilis accompanied Capt. 

Alexander E. efq. Cooke in his lad voy#ge ; aud, foon af(^ hie 

5. Rev. Thomas Harvey, of Red Leaf, co. return, publifbed an account of it in two oc- 
Kent, to Mifs Batchelcr, af Hackney. tavo volumer. 

Gerard Montague, efq. of Marl^fprd-hall^ Af4y 10, 1784. At Paris, M. Comte de 

Suffolk, fon of Edward M. efq. maftcr in Cibelio, the celebrated author of the « Monde 

chancery, to Mifs Doughty, of I«eiifoD. « Primitif compare au Mondr Moderne.*'— . 

8. Rev. Mr. Beach, reAor of Ckeamjco. He was the fon of a Pr^ cliant cJcrg\ n^n, 
Surrey, to Mifs Jane Sanxay. and was born in 1725, at Kifmes, which 

9. Matihew Montagu, efq* of Portman-fq. place his fjtber qui.i d uO ;«cu«junc of hs re- 
fo Mifs Charlton. iigion, and went when bia fi>n was very 

John Hay, efq. banker, to tbe hon. Mfs young to refiife at L^ufanne. He was (eren 

IS^iy Forbes. years old before lie began to fpcsk diftinC'ilys 

II. Thomas Ship Bucknall, efq. to Mifi but before he wjs twelve h: w^s co:>fidrred 
V/yndham. as a prodigy, as he was ma'ter of Several Ian- 

14. Lieut, col. Pigot, to Mifs Pifher. fuages, was acquainted wiih g^ogra. hy and 

At Charltoo Hotcthoro, Somerfei(h. Jamei hifVory^ had a taftc ior nmific and drawing. 

Smith, efq. of Cor/ley, Wilts, to Mif^Bantr^r. and imitated with great facHity and elegance 

to. W. Claytofiy efq* MJP. for Great Mar- the ch&ra^ten of tbe moii eminent iaoguages. 

tfa QlUuary of mfiierahU Pnfins i vnth Bhgr^lncal AunJkUs: 

H • fftthfr, who wai become << pafteor d'aa 
«esliie''at Laafannc, ioirn^ed him for the 
church, but be clioiV raibrr to devote him- 
felt wholly to ftody N itural hiftory, a«- 
thema'ics, the i- .u and iiviog languaget, ipy- 
^oiogy, ancient fi'-nu'^eoti, iiacucf, medaltt 
gemty «n of' r , ciooi — his induftry iiKi hit 
geniut embrace' all thefe. After the death 
pf h s fachrr, ' t w^ot inio France, ^nd £m4 
MX Ptf is» vv her- he luon bcreme knowp to the 
literal.. At leoj^cK the plan of hit great 
W< rk, * Le Mor de Primjiif,** mad? its appear- 
ance, after be hii'l :(7.ployed upwardt of ten 
^e^rs in i|ie(Hng ihe materiali. M. d'Alem- 
^rt wa« fo fir "-k wriih it,^chat h^ aikca wich 
enthuluim. ** Si c*etoit une fociete de 40 
«< hoanirt.':. ^ui ctvjii chargei de revecuter ?— 
f< Non, c*e(t Gibelsn fenl — mais Oibclin ne 
#< vaut-t; paRauiantqu'unelottted'ecrivaiasre- 
f< unit ?'* The French academy were fo well fa- 
titfied with thit undeuakngy that they twice 
decrees to him the pnae of 1200 livre*^ which 
fhey give annually to the author of the moft 
valuibie woik chat hai appcaied in the couife 
of the year. 

The difeafe which occafionei hit death ii 
ittriboted to his eageraefi to comj^lete this 
great woik. 

• He was extremely difinterefted, aad xyiiled 
hiiT^fclf c\ the credit he bad with perfooa of 
irank, merely to ailift and relieve the unforta- 
fiate. He a fed to fpend whole days over his 
hookiy contenting himfelf^wih a eruft Bn4 e 
draught of water. He read rscidly, and he 
copied witri wonderful quickneff. Among 
the fri^nd(hi|:s be contfa^ed, tbofe of two 
refpe^able lad e^ muft not be omitted, Qne 
bf them, Madamoifeile Llnote, who died a 
few years ago, and wbofe death was a finiite 
bf great grief to him,- learned to engrave^ 
merely that (he fnight be able to afliii him; 
and ie^vn the-exf-epce cf hi& work, many of 
the pfa cs of wh'. h ihe cngrayco. The 
other, Madrm* ifelle fl^'ori, who is iliUlivingy 
a(!vanctd 5000 livrci tciwarda printing the firft 
vnluraf. As a l^roteftaAt, he could not be 
bur'cd yi Caiholic ground. H<s remains were 
therefore removed to < he gardens pt his friend 
end biographer (from whofe account tbefc 
enccd tcs ure cx< railed) the Comte d'Alboo, 
at Franconville, Mh-re ahandfonie monurrient 
is errilcd to his memory, w>th this infctiption. 
V'fJI'^ntf "vtittJCb cetti twKbi .... Gtbttin y rf 

jipr. It. At St. Helena, William Apple* 
gafch, fi\}. vommander of the (hip Eoropa. 

^uy 3. The celebrated Gibricl Bonnot de 
MAbty, -better known by the same of Abbe 
de Mably. He was born at Grenoble^ in 
March, 1709. He has lef: behind him two 
MSS, one intituled, *' Du Droit et des devoirs 
•.' da Citoyen j" the otijcr, ** Du Beau ct des 
'*< Tafens" which are in a flate fit for the 
pre Is, and arc fiiid to be in no refpeQ infe* 
rior to his '* ObAryations fur ITlifloire de la 
«• Gr«te,*' or his *< Entretiens de Phocion fur 
*^ k Rapport de la Morals avcc la Politique,*' 

or hi! « Pfioetpcs 4e U LeginatH»»** whU 
■re confiuered u his matter- pieces. Ht T 
faid to have beea a omui of agrwahlc 9tam* 
MTti of great iogaoaiiy, aau ta << oithaAaftp 
f'delalibcrt^^maiiamidel'ofdfv. QsoiMil 
** eat iDoim de aooo ecai de reptei U r«x- 
" igrm jamais poor fes ouvrafea^'autie recnha- 
(* tion qu*un petit nombre d'esempUiree pooir 
•< fe amis.'*«-His •* Treatile for 1* MafOnv 
<< d*ecrire I'Htftoire/' is the work hf which 
he is beil known in England* 

yuMi ... At Taunton, Somerfetihiit, ifed 
83, Mrs. Mary Paller, relld of the latijo- 
feph F. e(<|. of Afton Tirrold, Berki. 

At Berwick upon-Twefld/Johaleflfreyiy 
c^. late major of the |ft troop of horle grena- 
dier guards. 

After a lingering iUnefs, the rer. Thomu 
Edwardsj^ D.D. vicar of Nancatooi co. Warw« 
•iVt Peterboroagh. rev. John Stevens* He 
had been lately prefented by ^rl FitiwiAsam' 
to a re^ory of 150]. a year, of which he did 
not live to take pofleffioo. 

3. ^t Parisy Comte de ViUefraoche^ bro- 
ther to the Prince de Carignan and the Princt 
de Lamballe. 

x6. At Lifbon, hon. Heat. cd. Bcodieky pf 
^ Coidftream rrg. 

20. At Somenon, Mr. Jonathan Randolph^ 
fg«4 10^. 

2 X . Robert Houltoo, e(q. of Briftol. 
24. Capu John QildeeviSy of the late 74th 
leg. of foot. 

26. Mr. Abnhim Delville, tohacco«fn^ 

'28. This day, at iz P. M. the remfini of 
Robert Colebrooke, eft), formerly of Chilham 
caftle, Kenti (who died May 10, 1784, at 
Soi0bns, in France,) and thofe of Mifs Har- 
riet C lecond daughter Of Sir George C hdrt. 
were depoliied in the magnificent maofoleom 
adjoining to- Chilham chorcb^ belonging to 
the fam:ly of Coldbrooke. ' 

29. Aged 74« W. Lisilgdoo, efq. learadou 
of the white. 

Suddenly, Thomas Foxcroft, efq. late poft- 
foafter general of Philadelphia* 

In Alderfgau-lireet, Richard Clogh, ef(|. 

T|io. Heathcote, efq. Kent. ooL of marines. 
36. At ClapKam, aged 84, Mrs. Mount, 
relta of the late W. M. efq. 
' Mr. Michael Clark, Ute chymical operator 
at Apetbecarics'-hair. 

Juiy . .'.Aged 77, the right hon. Dorothy 
y ifcountefs Dowager Powerfcort. Her lad) « 
flkip was the d'aoghte^ of Qercoles Rowley, efq. 
and was marHed to Richard 3d Viicount P. 
April Aif 1727* She wis mother to the XtJk 
and to the prefent Vifoont. 

I. At Cranham-bali, co. Eflex, General 
Oglethorpe ; of whom the kindnefs of a cor- 
relpoodeat (fee p. 517) has siready enabled us 
to give an account; to Which we may now 
add, that the family was very anciently fi- 
toaied at Oglethorpe, in Ybrkihire i andone 
of them was adaaUy recfe of the county (an 


Wimay of en^UtrMi Pnfinsi vnA BUpspUcal AmcJatis. 573 

McfMiriT tiM fitttfrfth tbai oftbtffv. 
ykm Hi^ fberiff) at the dme of tlie Noraas 
Cm^mA. Tba ain^lait ittt at Oglethorpe 
laiiiBiiil ia the fimily till the civil .WArt, 
whts k was loft for thatr loyalty j and feve- 
fal •( Qm name died at once in the bed of 
liaHonr» ia defence of mmiwchyy in a battle 
aea^ OiftrdL WtUiam Oglethorpe, the late 
OfMl^ara gntt grand-ffuhcr, was bom in 
sets ; and married Sofsnnahy daughter jof 
Sir W. Sottoay km. and filler to Lord Lex- 
IngtoB. He had two children, Sotton> bem 
iftity and Dorothy (who aiterwardf married 
the Mirq[aeft of Bym* a French nobleman), 
bora i6aOi Sotton Oglethorpe had two fons, 
I. SMion»bom 1637 (who wai ihid*mtfter 
m King Charlct IL and ^ad three (bni, u 
Sutfon^ page to King Charier U. ; 2. John, 
comet oif the goardf | and, 3. Jofeph, who 
died ia India) } a. Sir Tbeophilus, the Gene- 
ral*! father, who wai bora in i6;o. He 
was lievt. coK to the Dolce of York's troop 
of hia Majefty*s horfe-guards, and commif- 
fioaer for execoting the office of mafter of the 
borfe to King Charles U. \ dep. licut. and in 
the commiffion of the peace for the county 
of Surrey i M. P. for Hsflemeie in fcveral 
parliaments temp. GoU IIL et Anns (as his 
three ioot focceffively were after him, temp. 
Ann. et Geo, I. et II.) He was firft eqaerry 
and fflijor gen. of the army of King Jas. K. 
He married Eleanora Wall, of a confidera- 
ble family in Ireland, by whom he had 7 
children*' (as mentioned in p. 518). The 
ftory is well known, and was once moch 
fprttd by the Whigs, who belie? ed the fooliih 
ttle abont the warmihg*pan, that^ one of 
thofe children was the perfon introdncecj. 
The late General is known to hare been aid 
de camp to the Earl of Peterboroogh in 17x39 
with whom Dr. Berkeley, his lordihip*s chap- 
lain, waf fellow-traveller in going ezprefs to 
the ambafladorin Italy. He bad a confiders- 
bk i^totft in Haflemere, which he fold to 
the late Philip Carteret Webb, efq. % he had 
a honfe jnft by Godalming \ he wss the fentor 
efllcer in the army, bfctng a general, the dace 
of his commiffion February az, 1765 \ he 
was appointed one of « the truilees for efta- 
^ blilhing the colony of Georgia in America,*' 
by charter, dated June 9, 5 Geo. IL The 
papers foroiih ftories of his (hooting fnipes in 
Condnit-mead, boHl Conduit ftreet, Bood- 
ftreet, Sec. and of his being an.enBgn in the 
amiY when the peace was proclaimed in 1706, 
hetitmuft have been either 170a or X7i3* 
^9 was always very unwHhng to tell his age ; 
perhaps he was not certain about it : he was 
iemarkably tall and thin, and had an exceed- 
ing flirill vo'ce, which could be heard in the 
lobby when he was fpeaking in the Houle. 
The General married, in 1744, Elizabeth 
•anly farviving daughter and heirefs of Sir Na« 
than Wright^ of Cranham-hall, coufin to the 
Vrd keeper. He feft no ilTue \ but had two 
atphcWSi tos of « fifier or (iftert« 

Another confeCjpondent dedicates the fol« . 
lowing lines to hia memory : 
*< Ova HuNBBBB Two I Methofidemla 

A yigofoos foldier, and a virtuous fagr : 

He foundeH GiOROiA^gave't laws an'i trade; 

He faw it flooriih, and he faw it fade !** 

2. At Sutioners'hall, Mr. John Wilkie, 
treafsrer to the company of ftitioners. 

Mr. Jacob Nettfon, aged near So, a* Vaux- 
faall Gardens, as he wis preparing bis kettle 
drum, on which he had been for 50 years 
efteemed a fiift rate performer. He wa^ a 
cnrioos comparative obferver of nature in con- 
chology and the foffil world, of which he has 
left a very good coUe^on. He retained hia 
memory and chcarfulneft to the left, infoouck 
that in almoft any eooverfarien he W( uld in- 
troduee a quotation of feveral p*ges, and re« 
peat it verbatim. He was of Scotch eitrac- 
tlon ; but his father and himfelf baving been 
for near a ^ceotory inhsbitsnts of London, iC 
s not known that he has left any relation. 

3. In Ltncoln*s-inn, Baltha^rBentnan,efif, 
Suddenly, at Bingley, cok York, the rev* 

Thomas Hodfon, M. A. redor of Toft, and 
vicar of Hardwicke, co. Careb. curate of Idle, 
near Bradford, mafter of the free grammar- 
fchool at Bingley, and formerly fellow of 
Cbrift*s college. 

4. John Serker, efq. firft clerk to his Grace 
the Duke of Chandos, fleward of his Majefty'e 
hoofehold, ttc, 

William Gibfon, efq. late towa-cleik of 
Kewcaftle-opon-Tyoe. « 

5. In Upper Harley-ftr. aged 84, the li^C 
hon* Charles Colyear, Earl and Baron of 
Portmore, Vifcount Milfinton, and Bainaeif 
Knight of the moft noble and ancient order 
of the Thiftle. His lordAlp was born Auguft 
ay, O. S. 1700, waa twice returned one of 
the fiitcen peers for Scotland, and was mar- 
ried to Juliana, daughter of Roger Hele, efq. 
of Holwell, CO, Devon, relid of his Grace 
Peregrine Duko of Leeds, by whom ke had 
iffiietwo fons, Darid Vifcount Mil6nton,whe 
died January i(, 1 75 59 in hia itth year, and 
William Charles, who fuccecds his father in 
his titles and eftatrsj *nd two daughters. 

Sam. Way, efq. of Soot*iampton Boildingf. 

In Clerkenwell-clofe, Mrs. Emonfony wi- 
dow of the late Mr E. printer. 

At Wotton- Undcredge, co. Gloc. in her 
84th year, Mrs. Compeer, relid of Stephen 
C. efq. 

6. At Epfom, Mifs Elixabetb Heckneil, 
of Tbreadneedle-ftreet. 

7. In Wimpole-flreet, the right hon. Lady 
Abigail Hay, fifter to the Earl or Kinnonl. 

At WickhaoB, Hants, Mi^s Fielding, cldeft 
daughter of the late Ad an. W. F. 

Major George Grove, of the royal artillery. 

Aged 67, at his fon*s, at Tutbury, co. 
Staff, after a decline of fome months, Herbert 
Croft, efq. receiver of the Charter-houfe. 

At Holl| in hit 86th year, Wilham Cham« 


^^74 OUiiuUy ^f confiaerabliiP^ous ; wUh Biogn^Utal AmcAUH 

ben» M'.p. 9 in whom •Gkaowledfci ^r^fer- 
lional (k.lll> united with honaiaity to the 
lowers and onre^utte^ attentioo to eiery 
cUfsof patients, madj him, during Hxty-one 
years cxtenfiveand fiicce(iful pra^ice^ efteea- 
cd in propof tiqn as he ii now lamented. 

gi Mri. Jennings, wife of the rev. Mr. J. 
of Highbury-pUcc. 

9. In hit 7 lit year, William Strihao, efq. 
joint pr nter lo his Majrfty, and member in 
che two 1«U /arliamr'ats for MalmeHyiry and 
'Wootton-Baffett, bu:h co. Wilts. He was 
bom in Sctulaad, in April 1715; ind waa ap- 
prenticed there to the profeflion which he.pur- 
fued through life. He came early to London, 
where his captcity^ diiitefice, and probity 
ra fed him to eminrnce. The good hu- 
mour and obliging difpofition, which he owed 
CO natore, he tuiitivatcd with care, and con* 
Armed by habit. His fympaihetic heart beat 
time to the joy or ^rrow of bis friends. Hia 
advice was always ready to dire^ youth, and 
ills porfe open to relieve indigence. Living 
in timet not the purcd in the Enghih annaU, 
•lie cfcaped unfuUied through the artifices of 
crade^ and tRe corroption of politics. In 
liim a ftrong and natural fagaciry, improved 
by an exicnTive knowledge of the world, 
fcrvfd only to reader refpedable his onaf- 
fr^tcd fimplicity of manners, and to malte 
his truly Chriilian philaotbropy more dif* 
earning and more ufefuL The onintaff ap^d 
health and happinefs which accompanied nim 
hatf a century in this capita}, proves honcily 
to be the bed policy, temperance the greatcil 
lutary, and the cffential duties of life its 
mod agreeable amafement. In his elevated 
#ortone none of his former acqoaintaDce ever 
accufed him of negledh He attained prof- 
perity without envy, enjoyed wealth withoat 
fride, and difpenfcd bounty without oftenta- 
sion. His ample property he has bcftowed 
with the utmoft good fenre and propriety. 
Afrer providing munificcmly for Ins w^iow 
and his chiMren, his principal ftudy fcems to 
have been to mitigate the aiBiAion of tbofe 
who yntTvi more immediately dependent on his 
boonty ; and to not a few who were under 
this defcriptioQ, who would otherwife have 
it\<ve\y felt the drying up of fo rich a foun- 
tain of benevAJence, he has given liberal an- 
fiutiies for iheir lives ^ and, after the exam- 
ple of hi:, old fiiend and neighbour Mr. Bow- 
ser, his hequea'.bcd icoo^ to the Company 
of Stationer*; j the ir.terefl to be divided, in 
annuities of 5!. c^ica, amorgfl i:^firm old 
printers ^ of v<.ii(/m o- c half are to be mtives 
of EngUnd or WaIcs, and the otb^r half of 
Korth Bntain. 

At bis fcit St M^pp'ffnn, r.esr Ilchefter, 
in his 90 h year. Thi>!ii»s Lockycr, rfq. many 
years M. P. for aht: faid borovgh, which in 
the Ufi parliament was reprefcrtfd by his fon- 
snolaw Sarnue Smith, e'q. n «/ reprefenta- 
tivc for WorcrUcrr. The bulk of his >grcat 
fortunr, except wh^it he has left to his young 
«'ido«v, whu.n he married ab.ut five ye^is 

9$Af is difidcd he^wtea Mr. Soikk JU|4 «J^ 
PhlUpa, efq. M* P. for Qamelford, who maiw 
lied another daughter of Mr. L. His firi 
wife was a daughter of t|r. Tonlfon^ an Eaft 
India captain^ who, in Citisfadion for a debt 
from a fciend^ received that valnahie collec- 
tion of medals which wat fold by tn^ion ^ 
the death of his elder grandion Jofiepk Tont- 
fon Lo^kyer, efi^. who 'died member for II- 
chefier, April^, 1765$ wkofe brother John 
died April 8, 1763, and John's widow» fan* 

5» 1765« Mr. L. was the vonngen of 

three brothers^ of whom the tlvift enjoyed 
the paternal eftste in ^lomerfctfhirey which 
defcencled at laft to the third brother. 

At his brother's hoofe on Bu(h-hil1, anr 
£o6eld, in a decline, the wife of the rev. 
NicRoUs. Clayton, D.D. late one of the mi- 
nifters of the. O^agon chapel at LWerpool, 
and D.vinity Profeiibr in the late academy at 
Warrington. — Mrs. Clayton*! fifler died at 
Liverpool juH before her. 

10. In Albemarle-ftreet, the faon. Aone 
Powlctt, M. P. for Bridgewater, and brother 
to Earl P. 

Mrs. Youngy wife of Midford Y. efq. a 
very eminent attorney, and now under (berifT. 

Right boa. Mattbaw Lord Fortefcue. His 
lordihip married Anne, fiiler of the late Priee 
Campbell, efq. whom the Duke of Grafton 
irthic one of his coitdjutori at the T/eatury 
board. His lordflitp is fucceeded by his t\6r\\ 
foa Hugh, now Lord Foxtefeue, kora in ^75;, 
and mairied in 1782 to the hon. HeAer Cre- 
ville, daughter of the late right hon. George 
Greville, and lificr to the prefeot Marquis of 
Buckingham ; uho being M.P. for Beiuma- 
ris, a vacancy is made^or that .place.—- A^nd 
on Thurfday the 11& his remains were depo- 
iixed in the family vault at FlUaigh. This 
aobleman^s chara^er, both in public and pri- 
vate, was truly amiable ; he had al^'avs the 
intereft of hit country warm at his heart ; 
as^n huiband and fatherp he was anPc^Ionate 
and tender; an indulgent and generoqa maf- 
ter ; though happily raifed above rce}ing 
%a»t, he had compaflioa icr thofe who did ; 
continually employed in difcovering fit ob- 
j(As for hif bounty, it was hts great. ft h>p- 
piocfs to rrl:eve them : and be might with 
the moft ftrldt regard to truth have iaid, 
*' Homo Turn, nil hcmani a me alienum puco." 

At Saubridge Lod*'** i^«r Mdlham, Lady 
Audl^'y. Her ladyfiup was third daughter of 
Lord Dvhva) ; and has lef three children. 

At ShrewAury, Mr. Morgan, aged xc8 
years and 6 months. 

11. Rev. Hind, A.B. rr£tor of Brad- 
ford, CO. Sorrieifet. He was found dead ia 
his bed ; and had ojffi^ iaied at Bradfotd and 
BifiiopV Hull the preceding day. 

IX. At Cambrioge, Mis. Archdeacon, w'.fe 
of Mr. John A. printer to the univtrfity. 

13. At Greenwich, Capt.W. Nefl^it, aged 
96, many year» in the Straits trade. 

14. In chile-bed^ Mrs. Ker, wile of David 


EuUJiaftUal Prifirmmli, Gaxttlt and Civil Pramatieni, 

, At L.7iaingraii, Htnti, William Su- 
.nd, ct,. 

16. At Wikot-plicc, John Liw, efo. 

17. to Cfliik-Hfttt, Soho, W. Wright, 
c<i- w liic coiiiiii>l£an of the pexc Tor Mid- 
dl(<<s; in»nr jttii tmfurcr ol ihe Miiilefei 
ksfpiulf tpdlnafuiaoCrheri^iciy effutrniu 
■f ihi laaifcriirj oeeting of the chaiitj 

At BalBrHic, c». BueIu, in bcr 7ilt jctr, 
the Moll Ntbic Lul; Mlrg^xa CiTenclOic 
Hu^C;, Ouchcb Duwijw at Pwilimi. Hh 
Cn<:t Wu the ani; dmjlitu *n<l li:u of Ed- 
wild £ul of Oirord tnd MoiCJour, by b» 
usntefi, Ihc Lidy Hforleltt Ci»ndiflic, ttnlf 
dia(hi<( *ai helreU of Juba IJaU'u, cTq. 
ShtVKM (wrnFeb. II, I7id( i"i> mitricd to 
the iMT Dvk« jj) 1754. Ht t*' dMrhihe 
J/ltftM D»kB rcca>ti an addilioa to bis in- 
cons of t.saoh ptr innnpi. Her gnnd 


14. At BrJ|biiiclniflore, Mi, Jis. 
hie wine-nnrchjiit on Col Itet- lull. 

l-j. In ihe FJest prifon, whrre flie hid hM 
conlined foi dtbi, the Cououli Cttjilotte Pg 

B *h\e] 

1 or 

DoncliH V. vk> Mr. HitfirlJ 


R... Fruri. Ruffiird, M,A 

H. CO. Wore. ,;« Rev, Ei-.r, 



whs lud ieea ^3 ;»r! rcdoi. 


Pj fiontrofDuUHon S^li, 

efq. . 



H«]<T Kooli CufT lad John 



cxfcfled will t« fold. 

At Amifbuiy, in hii 6;lh vcv, Edvinl 
Totiii[c, t<q. pf Utile Durnfocd, neat Silif- 
buf}, wigjuner to hn MijcAj, isd owo bio- 
ttiu to liie lile l^6y Rechloid. 

19. At Oilord, igcd Sif John Kichalrt, 
cTf. Cmiar aldcimin, ind (abet of ihic ciiy. 
He Tcttcd ihe office of mi/Di in 175I1 *'"r- 
wtrdi fioed for tbit office, and wu elefted 


! '757- 


Civil. Pbohoiids,, 

MR. Ed«-,d Benfun, Auditor (o tl 

lUi. Nijrb,, U.pit Mjll.r of tb 

Kins'. ftho^l.tC4ni=.b^,y, 

Re.. W. ChifjF, LoWor Miilet of ditto 
M.. SamLU, Firll Cl«t to ,he Lo, 

Stewud otibe Houreliold,- »;« M(. Sew«, 

AVERAGE PRICES of CdRN, ffin Jurf tj, 



WhtllRye Bartf jOitiBcni 


tipwi Ae 


l*l>do» 4 'ii* % "tI* sli' '^'i 

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The Gentleman's Magazine'^ 

For A U GUST, 


■MM m AMMiti m iH^ «niM« tim m Sea tf 9( B(u ni »tb«. 

«Tol.Wi»jforSrpi. 1784.— Pr.ofCom 57S 
bMAUEiflvuof u loiientSci'tFtore 571 
anc en Heroo'i " Ltntn of Lit«»t»re" 581 

iMOof tbc Ute Pbilofo»ber B. Mutin jK; 
(Aer of ibe Rct. Mr. DitIi defended 58* 
ingiiidn of Rgffi.n Corrtfpotidenee sS' 

iliooofOirery— Sniiff™rtiltoTo.dl 5S6 
etfity •( Oifotd'tDecr«»g»inft MiUoo ji? 
Ild«'i Defence of K.'i Pti««B" jSi 
l-Hotm-Hooft, Maori. M<.r.ff«. *«. 589 
fori ■■YouogWomiii'iCjrapioio*' " 
hiat Libritiei bo« 10 be proiided 
lijen 11 Oifofd— Thickneffc-i Cifc 

icjforandDcpiiTitioii olM.Petilpiti 

*a4 Vilae of ihe indigenoui AOl 59>^ 

Id Thoaihi triced in > oe* Dnh 6o< 

a.EDpl.CM>foo»ntt— Johofonirii.d.CMed6ol 
im'i Life of Witts wcih Hotel. whiiJ 601 
^aUn of G^o. t^lnboipe'i Fimily i* 

.rcBdel MirMei— SiU 00 de>il Hodiei 601 
»l>n of Newton in GliooiBiolhiie .* 

SlnaBretoB Hnnliog.nd AflVici.ted Honti 60c 
Dmkn'.Legny-Siruii'.Dia.of Engr.. - ' ' 
Euriordiniri Appcir(i>c($ feea in > Orr 
LdccAtrOi. Anerdora—BiieRi— Mwiiei 

Old AleboDfei lod old Diaci^g Schooli 

ALadT'i Reoiil 

- - .R. 

Ro7.l Prc^Kfi ID Tnthi 
■- iiw Of Nt% Fdilic«Tii 

'■em. Ial(lli|ence fVoni Si. Petetlbarl' 

ilogut of Nc<r PuMicilion. 

Anecdoirj of ibe lue Mr, Sinbin - «;g 

liplion of St. jDhB-i Church, DnblSB 640 

tyofOiioiiiflLPo.TRv 641— fiL 

orrrEul«ii.|IntercoDrfewithIreI«d 64! 

- '"- - -'-'■■' "-^ccd.nei.m for Hiy 6;i 

r^i tbe Irifh Sea 6ji 

ericm, Scoicb, Cooniry, 

igei, DeUbt, Prsmotioai, 

A LadT'i Reoiiki on ■' Pope'. Honrr " 61 
Dr. P«lren(j>)^fl<:*iew of ibe Fhum lUgicm (j 


ralbie'i Atiempi to 
jreign Xffiin— A 

Lifltof Binbt, Mar 
'termenii, he. Ik, 

Kittld with 1 fint Origmil Pottrill of l1>c lile Mr. Bikjahih M«I 


Bj srLf^NUS U R B ^ N. 


i»tiDO>, PTioted by J. N lCH01.b, fn J>. HENRYiilvc of Saik^ Jd« 



jyS if ttftrilapettl Diary fir Septaaher, I yi^ — jfmrtgt PrUtt -tf Ctrni 



Inth. toih) 










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fog, Hill, iiid boi, buy fanlhinbf 




fog, ftiU,'»dhD<.> 




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brijhi, hm,.Bdft[ll. 








hit, eleir, .nd pleiftat. 




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thm clnndi Ind faa, biilk wind. 




o..rc.ft tnd ftilL 





ftit and Dill. 





fail, AM, and conl. 

ihangc coImt.— * Tm™. ai 
Bclgck 77.—* TbdiB. at I 
o'clock 74. Wheat uC th 

lo'clockjo— ' I a'clKi[7G.-> 

I'elock go.-» Therm, .t i o'tlock 76. 

Gtldi, and font Dnreapcd.— * ThtimaM I 

). d. 

,. d. 

.. d 

.. d.!.. d. 

LendoD 4 6 

> 93 

a all 9 



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= 614 4 

Bucka J 1 


J <= 

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rroB Auguft 15, lo Aag«fi 10, (785. 

COtJMTIliS a^ the COAST. 
GtTtx 4 ^1: 

Sui&lk 4 ■ I 

Norfolk 4 6. 

YMk s *!' 

I Dnrbati j 11 

- Honhamberld. 4 6'' 

Cumberland j 6 

WeftmorUnd 6 ol 

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Chtlhlr* 6 01 









WALES, AngoA 8, lo Angaft 13, i7gj, 
Hoitta Wilc) < «|4 cli till 1014 
SoyibWiLk* 5 6lj 9!^ ill t,\l 



T H E 

Gentleman s Magazine-^ 

for AUGUST, 1785. 



Mr. Urban, UchfUld^ Ang, 18. 
ITltfWlK HAV£ juft DOW T€. 
C^^'^w ceived the following let- 
W T S ter from a ^Dcleman in 
J^ ^ ^ Saxony, vit^ich gives a 

g)6C very Iaci8fa6bry ezpla- 
\t\Sm^ nation of the fmall piece 
'^^^ of fculptufe in my pof- 
feflion, deferibed in your Magaune for 
September lafl- Bj giving it a place in 
your next publication you will greatly 
oblige many of your readers, particularly 
You're Rich. Greene. 

M^im im Saxonj, July *o, 1785- 
« I have found in the Gentleman's 
Ma^uune for Septembef, 1784, y9ur 
letter to Mr. Urban, with a drawingi about 
which ybii defire the opinion of his learned 
friends. As I have in ay coUedion a 
diptycboD made of ivory, and done, 
without doubt, by the fame hand, I will 
ukathe liberty ot fending you a draught 
of it, if you chufe it. It conuins eight 
biflories nom the New Teftament, ym. 
I. the annunciation; a. the vifitationi 
3. die nativity } 4. the wife men } 5. the 
circumcifion; 6. the teaching in the 
ttmplei 7* the fuftigation I and 8. the 
crucifixion. The figures are not in the 
leaft mndlalied 1 and the nativity is al- 
noft reprefented like youn, except that 
tbcfc is a ihepberd and fpme iheep on an 
hiU bdiind the Virgin to be feen$ and, 
therefore, I fuppofe that youn if a frag- 
ment belonging to a little diptychon* 
^his ancient piece I believe to be about 
S09P years old, perhaps older, for that 
kind of fculpture is very correfpondent 
with thatlo PC icca iatht ancient (Uki^ 

of that time. My diptychon confifts of 
two faeces of ivory, which can be ihut 
and opened like a book. £very piece is 
four inches broad, and fix iocnes Iong» 
anfwering the defciiption which aC. 
Gcfncr gives of it in his •* Tliefaurus 
Linguae et Eruditionis Romanae ;*' fav« 
iog, ** Diptycha erant binae tabellx ebur« 
nex, iu fibi jun61ae, ut ioftar libri aperi- 
entur dauderenturque, habentes fculptas 
pro in^nis facculi imagines, quales Tub 
lufpicu magiftratuum dono mictcre fole^ 
bant. I am your moft obedient humble 


Mr. Urbak, 

THE UttiTj ^* Littrstun, by Rob. 
Heron, efa. (which you have late- 
ly reviewed) have •* let flip" fuch 
** d(^ of hell/' and have fo invidioufly 
worried the moft efiabliibed literary re- 
putations, efpecially of tHe Latins, that 
m a great meafure have (lained and 
difparaged his own confefled learning and 
ingenuity, having miferably alloyed them 
by dogmatifm and conceit. A few of 
his paradoxes give me leave to tranfcribe, 
which fliall I entitle, in the fathionable 
phrafe, Biautits, or DrformtUs f 

'* Plautus is not orieinaU except in one 
or two plays. Thoie of Terence are 
mere tranfladons. Lucretius was Dot 
altogether original. Cicero nor Caefxr 
CANNOT t be original in any vieii^. Sal- 
luft is an evident imitator of Thucydides,^ 


* 1 1 «i 

^ Sttch a grammariao Ihould fufcly hav« 
preferred «« on" 10 " of." 

f Rather, ** Neither Cicero nor Cxf^jt 

Al«,*' ICC« 


Critique on <* Litters of LHirainre*^ 

and V\r^ of Herodotus. Virgil is the 
moft pitiful imitator of the \vhole Ro- 
man writers (as our author ditcufles his 
ineritSy or rather demerits, in Lett. XVI. 
XXIII. and XXXIIL). Catullus is not 
original. Tibullus I fet down as origi- 
nal. Propcrtius is not. \l Horace be 
original in any of bis Odes, they are his 

ing original (hall be allowed to ISM 
Litters of Literaturg, 

Now for moilcm writers. " Gray it 
the fird and greateA of nsodern Lyric 
writers ; nay, I will venture to fay, of 
all Lyric writers j, his works, though 
fcw^ (alas, how fcw^!) uniting the per- 
fe£iions of every Lyric poet, both of pre- 

worft work. From his ^nd works of fent and former times." <* Boileau, 

the Satires and his Epifties, put him as writer of meaner talents, whole genius 

an original writer. But, like a Sabine was imitation, and whofc tafte was envy." 

puppy, he was impudent enough to pre- «* The Balia of Secundus ; two, or, at 

tcribe* an abfolute rule of poetry (the du- moft, three odes of Cafimtr [fee my P. S. 

ration of the drama) from his own ikull. p* <;Si], and the Fable of Commire t» 

^^ •• ill'/* ••i*i.*njr ' .•% * ••• «• ''" 

Ovid was doubtlcfs original in his Me- 
tamorphofes and Fafti ; but his origina- 
lity is futile, and of no value. CeKus 
hath high merit in every view ; and may, 
1 believe, be even entitled to the praife 
of originality upon the whole*. To 

. Fhxdrus the merit of berng original can- 
not be denied. Juvenal and Perfiut havt 
each im original ftyle in their* fati res. 
ILucan is original, but it is the origina- 
lityof Ovid ; an ori|;inality of no price ; 
as a poet, I ame wim Hetnfius and Cor- 
neille, that he is inBnitely fupcrior to 
VirgiU The Natural Hiftory of Pliny is 
an original of vad defi^n and maOerly 
execution. Q^intilian is the only fen- 

, fible criric of antiquity, but he cannot be 
called original, ^tatius. Martial, Vale- 
rius Flaccus, Silius Icalicus, have no 
claim to originality. To Tacitus let us 
bend the knee as the greateft of the ori - 
ginal Roman wt iters ; as (he 6r(l hiflori- 

\an who wrote with philoibphy for his 
fruide ; as one whofe judgement and ta- 
lents are infinite, and ihall never be ri- 
-ralled. Boettus, the laft Roman writer, 
has a fair claim to on^inalitv, and that 
BOt of the meaneft kind* Such is the 
lift of the mon-f eminent Latiu writers. 
Among them we have only iigbt original 
<and in this order) ; namely, Tacitus, 
Tibullus, Juvenal, Horace, Pli- 
ny the Elder^ Celsus, PHiEDRUS, 

Such indeed, fays Mr. Heron, are the 
fsw original Latin writers. Among 
the £ngli(h autliors the merit of be- 

* ^^ A claffic edition of him is much want- 
ed. «< The Ute Dr.Brilbane of Middltfex 
Hofpitftl, author uf the * Anatomy of Paint- 
in^,' had mactp large MS. collc&ioni with 
this view ; which I happened to purcfaafe of 
a bdokfcUer, and, if y u know any roan of 

"learninft who would ufe them with their au- 
thor's intention^ they ihouU be at hit fcf- 


t Why not « p«i< r\ 

coni\itute all the modern Latin poetry 
that merits prefcrvation." " The only 
wrirings of Mr. Addifon, worthy to \ft 
confidered as pieces of criticifm, 6tcur tn 
the Spedator/'. This view of his critical 
errors, reflri^ed to that work, is the 
fubjea of Letter XLIX. 

By way of a bonnt boucbit I will add 
one of Mr. Heron's political, and ano- 
ther of his religious, fentimtnts. With 
what decorum he hath treated both hU 
fovereign and the facred fabks, let his 
readers confkier. 

** It is certainly fortunate that Scot- 
land hath not been frti above forty 
years ; as to that circum fiance we are ia- 
dcbted for its happy quiet, at a. time 
when every province ot the Britiib eib^ 
pire evinces, in commotion, or in rebel- 
lion, the odious and moil deplorable, but 
natural and unavoidable efi^e6ls of thofe 
, tory principles of government which 
have prevailed through tliis pitiful and 
miferabte reign, and have made it bne 
blot in the Britiih annals." 

** Thofe innocents who call fuch [li- 
terary J forgery criminal, forget that the^ 
are blafphemine their Saviour and their 
religion ; for the whole parables of Je- 
fus ChriiV, which are narrated with cir- 
cum (lances that mod (Irongly imply them 
to be true, yet are allowed fictitious, fall 
under this head." 

It may alfo be remarked, that he has 
given no more quarter to the iacrcd than 
to the propliane writers* 

** Lit thire bt ligbt^ and tbtn nvMs 

Hgbty" hath been lung upon u/qm ad 

faJfUtinm^ owing to a forged addition to 

L^nginus *' Cbtbid bis ntck luitb 

thMtudr," I will venture to pronounce 
-the mofl confumniate nonlenfe that ever 
wan clothed with the thunder of bom- 
ball," &c. &c. Sat fitperque. This 
writer fnecrs at fome Icriptural phi ales 

J " L'Aoirr fif /a FM0," by the Per« 
' Coaiiaxrei jpublilfaed by Menage. 


Spickrnis^r^^ifilutmt for Old Age^ 


eitolM \ff Dr. Btair» but does not re* 
colled tkit fome ficrecl imaeery, ridi- 
culed by bimfclf in EzekieH had been 
pre<pccupied by Voloirt. 

Yoorsy &c. Crito. 

P. S. The beft^ode of this Lyrical 
Pok 1 will beg leave taamiex ** and ad- 
mircy* whh two fpedoiens in Ei^Hfli. 

C A • 1 M I Ry Lik It. Ode ]• 

•oBori bttxi filia fetilis, 
PeaddMf aba, harbitey popnW} 
Dmr ridet acr, ct fapinat 
Soficiiat levit aura frondei. 
Te ibilaMta lenior halitas « 

PerlUbit £«ri : me juvct interioi 
Collam rcclioaflcy etvirenti 
Sic temeri jacoifle^ n^nl. 
Ebco ! fcreoom qa» nebolae tegant 
Repeoti coelom 1 quia fonos imbriam ! 
SoffaaaQt. Hea femper fograci 
Gaadta pneteritera pafla. 

The firft <>f thefe is a tianflation by 
Mr. HeTon, ** upon a new plan, fy liable 
for fylUble» a little in the manner of 
Milton's tranflation of ^iV U puer gra^ 
€i&ifi^ MMtnJ' Let the reader compare. 

T« bit Bar^^ 

Sooofeu daoghter of the pltaot boxen fteoiy 
Ob tke high poplar, O ny harp, thoa ibalt 

Wbile lavghs tbe icy, avd the gi^e 
Softly rcvhres the liftleft leaves. 
The wdflcn wind will iblicst with gentleft 

The anfic of thj ehamiDg ftrinp : I the 
aaeaa while. 
Loft in fweet eafe, will recline 
Along the green of this fair biak* 
Alas I what iodden doads invade the fono j 

What nnexpeAed ihow*rs in foonding hafte 
defcend ! 
Let me be gone. Ah! how fooa 
Will happtnefs ftill pafs away t 

Tifimduum (Ibell) fiitiUj (patched or 
fe#ed together, expremng it puaMt),fibi'' 
iMMtii anj colUtm, he diftikes. «< Tbe 
Jail (lanza (he fays) is faultless." 

The feoond is an imiution of the fame 
ode by Mr. Say (in bis ppcoM, p. 47}, 
who, with Grdtius, much admired this 
modern Lyrift, though, with him,, he 
does nbc always equal, and often iurpafs^ 

T# Ht Bmf. 

Soooraas danghter of the boa I 
Qn this high popla^haDg thj lyre. 
While bearea thns faiiles, and t emal airs 
Tlaji waatOB, vlih the teatts* 

Thy trembling ftringf a wbifpering biceza 
Soft (hall attooe ; while 1 beneath 
Oa this greeo bank fupiaely lie. 
That careledly did\ift*d. 

The rilling brbol^ that mormnrs by 
Shall lull ray thoogbts, till gene le Aeep 
Seize me« with ple|£flg golden dreama 
Of my Cecilia Weft I 

But ah I what Xudden doads abora 
Fly Ihadowing ! how dark the aii;l 
"Wliat (oond of clattering hail I hear I 
Rife, ruthleCi Damon, rife« 

How foon, alas ! thy joys decay! 
How fwift all pleafores pa(9 away 1 

The XXIIkl of Book IV, JJCkm-^ 
Jam, being *' likewife elegant," as Mr* 
Heron ftyJes it, (hall be given in your 
next, if you pleafe, with t«yo .tranila* 


TO Uyt and to die in the public pio- 
fcnion of the religion in which one 
was bom and bred. To avoid all pro- 
phare talk and hicricaie debates on facre4 
topics. To endeavour to get tbe beuar 
of^ the intrufions of indolence of mind 
and body, thofc certain harbingers of en- 
feebling age. Rather to wear out chaft 
to ruft out. To rife early ; and, as of^ 
ten as poflible, to go to*bed before mid- 
night. Kot to nod in company, nor W 
indulge lepofe too frequently 00 the 
couch in the day. To wade as little of 
life in ileep as may be, for we (hall have 
enough in the g^ve. Not to give up 
walking ; nor to ride 00 bolfeback to Ca- 
tigue. Experience, and a late medical 
opinion, determine roe to ride five milca 
every day. Nothing contributes fo much 
to the prefervation of appetlce and the 
prolongation of life. Cheyne's dircc- 
rion, to make exercife a part of one^a 
religion, to be religtouily Obferved. 
To conrinue the practice ot reading,-* 
purfued for more than fifty yean, ia 
books on all fubjefls 1 for variety is the 
fait of the mind as well as of life. Other 
people's thoughts, like the beft coijrer'- 
tation of one's companions, are generally 
better and more agreeable than one's own« 
Freciuently to think over the virtues of 
one's acquaintance, old and new. ' To 
-admit every chearful ray of funfhine oa 
the imagination. To avoid retrofpedion 
on apaS friendihip, whFch had much of 
love in it $ for memory often comes when 
he is not invited. To try to think more 
of the living, and left of tne dead ; for the 
dead belong to a world of tlieif own. To 
live within one's income,' be it large or 
little* Not to -let palfion of any iort ntci 


Rifolufions fvr Old Agu 

away with the vndcrdanding. Not to 
encourage romantic hopM nor fears. Not 
to drive away hope, the fovereign balm 
of life, thoueh ihe is the ^reatcfl of all 
flatterers* Not to he under the (lominion 
of fuperftition or enthu(ia(m. Not wit- 
fully to undertake any thing for which the 
nerves of the mind or the body are not 
X Ihong enough* Not to run the race 
of competition, or to be in another's way. 
To avoid being joflled too much in the 
ilreet^ being overcome by the noife of the 
carriages ; and not to be carried, even by 
curionty itfelf, into a large croud. To 
ilrive to embody that dignified fentinient, 
'* to write injuries In duft, but kind- 
nelTes in marbk.'* Not to give the reins 
to conditutional impatience, for it is apt 
to hurry on tlie firft ezpreilions into the 
indecency of fwearing. To rccollefb, 
that he who can keep his own temper 
may be mailer of another's. If one can- 
not be a (loic, in bearing and forbearing on 
every trying occafioo, yet it may not be tm- 
poflible to pull the check-firing againd 
the morofenefs of fpleea or the impetuo- 
iicy of peeViihnefs. Anger is a Ihoit 
madnefs. Not to fall in love on the 
precipice of threcfcore, nor to expc£l 
* to be fallen ii\ love with. A connection 
"between fumm^r and winter is an im- 
proper one. Love, like hre, is a good 
lervant, but a bad maAer. Love is death, 
when the animal fpirits are gone. To 
contrive to have as few vacant hours up- 
on one*8 h'ods as poiUble, that idlencls, 
the mother of critics and vices, may not 
prolong its viGr. To'be always doing of 
lomething, and to have fomething to do. 
To fill tip one's dme, and to have a good 
deal to fill up, for time is the material 
that life is made of. If one is not able 
b}r fituation, or through the neccHity of 
raifing the fupplies within the year, or 
1>y habit (for virtue itfelf is but habit), 
to do much olVentatious good, yet do as 
little harm as poifiblf. To make the 
bed and the mod of every thing. Not 
to indulge too much in the luxury of the 
X^le, oor yet to underlivc the conditu- 
tioD. The gout, rheuroatifm, and drop • 
fy, 20 the language of the S'pcflator, 
(eem to be hovering over the dilhes. 
Wine, the great purveyor of picafure, 
and the fecond in rank among the lenfes, 
pdert his ferviee when Love takes his 
leave. It i) natural to catch hold of 
every h«lp when the fpirits begin to 
droop. Love and wine are eooil cordi-, 
als, out are not proper for the leverage 
of common ufe. Kclolve not to go to- 
t)«^ pn a fvU meal* A light fupp.r, and 


a good confciencci are the bed reeeipts for 
a good night's fed ; and the parents of 
undidurbing dreams. Not to be en- 
feebled by the flatulency of tea. Let the 
fecond or thirrd morning's thought be to 
coniider of the employment for the day ; 
and one of the lad at night to enquire 
.what has been done in the courfe of it. 
Not to let one's tongue run at the ex- 
pence of truth. Not to be too commu- 
nicative nor unreferved. A clofe tongue, 
with an open countenance, are the fafed 
pallports through the journey of the 
world. To correft the error of too much 
talking, and redrain the loquacity of 
the approaching cnroad^eric. To take 
the good*natured fide in converfation. 
However, not to praife every body, for 
, that is to praife nobody. Not to be too 
inquifitiye, and eager to know fecrets, 
nor be thought to have a head full of 
other people's affairs. Not to make an 
enemy, nor lofe a friend. . To aim ac 
the eiteem of the public, and to leave a ^ 
good name behind. Not to be lingular 
10 drefs, in behaviour, in notions, nor 
exprelllons of one's thoughts. Never to 
give bad advice, and to drive not to fet a 
bail example. Seldom to give advice ti?l 
adied, for it appears like giving fome* ; 
thing that is fupcrfluous to one's felf. Not ^ 
to like or diflikc too much at fird (ight* 
Not to wonder, for all wonder is igno- 
rance, that policffion falls ihort of^ex- 
pedlation. The longing of twenty years 
may be difappointcd in the unanfwercd 
gratification of a Tingle hour. While we 
are wifhing, wc fee the bed fide ; after 
we have got pofl'cfllon, the word. Re- '^ 
folved to attend to the arguments on an 
impor:aot fubjef^ in every view, and 
to hear every one againlt every one. 
The mind ought not to be made up 
but upon the bed evidence. To 
be aflcaionate to relations, which is a 
kind of (elf-love, in preference to all 
other acquaintance. But not to omit 
paying the commanding refpefl to merit, 
which is fuperior to all the accidental 
chains of kindred. Not to debilitate the 
mind by new and future compofitions— ^ 
like the fpider, it may fpin itfelf to 
death. The thinking power, Jike the 
field, mud have ica fallow feafon. 
The Iciiure of the pen has created 
honourable acquaintance, and pleated 
all it has wiihed to pleafe. To rc- 
' folve not to be too free of promifcs, for 
performances are fomctimeb very difEculc 
things. Not to be too much alone, nor 
to read, nor meditate or talk too much 
on points tluc may awaken tender fcnU- 




u, 6^i/r//t 

' ^r'j// a^t Kiwifuz/t^r/^vif^ 

Afemotn of the late Phllofopher B. Martin. 


tionSy tnd bt too pathetic for the foul. 
To enjoy the prefenr, mot to be tn^de too 
unhappy by refle6tion on the paft, nor to 
be opprefled bv invincible gloom on the 
future. To give and receive comfort, 
thofe neceffary alms to 1 dtf^reilcd mifid. 
To be conftincly thankful to ProvideDce 
for the plenty hitherto polTefled, which 
has prefenred^ one from the dependence 
on party t perfons, ind opinions, md 
kept one out of debt. The tppeanmce 
of a happy ficuation, and opportunities 
of ufting OMflif worldly felicities (for 
content hat iblaom perverted itfelf into 
difSDontCBC)tbiB induced many to conclude, 
that oM flMft be pleafed with one's lot in 
life I aad it occattons many to look with 
the €f% of iimoeenc envy. To refolve 
Dion ^Ma ever to ihun every public fta* 
cioa nod refponfibitity of condu^. To 
be CuiiSed with being mafter of one's 
fclf, Mcfii habits, now a fecond na- 
lufif nd one's rime. Determined not 
toMdr» ankfs trampled upon by for- 
ttniei lb live and die in the hamefs of 
oa^ib*^ • pvofeffion. To cake care that 
{dif X^vmenity y not here meant) docs 
ndt Snd'OM cot in the endurance of any 
calHBhjf. When pity is within call, 
coMiip^ it not far oflr. Not to wifli to 
hwm 9 mater h6ld of life, nor to c^uic 
ihift faolal Tb« poflible tenure of exift- 
cooi |i df ttwiborc poflefljon for the long 
night tM ^ to fueceed t therefore not a 
momeac to be loft. Not to lofe fight, 
even ffSr a ^esle day, of thofe good and 
provcfbial domri— IKct„ Merryman, and 
Q^iet. Lallly, not to put ooefelf too 
much in die power of the elements, tbofe 
great enemies to the human frame 1 
namely — the fun— the wind— -the rain— 
and the night-air. 


Brief Mimoirj ef tbi iati hgenlous Mr, 
fit Nj AMI If MAariN, accompwnid 
vfitb a Portrait^ iU^aiitly ntgrttDtd 
fr^m am original Paintimg ^. 

TH C name and effieics of this ufeful 
and intelligLQr pcrion arc here intro* 
duccd, rather to lament the want of ma* 
tcriah for a life of him, than to give one. 
He was l>nrn in 1 704 { and became one of 
the mo(\ celebrated mathematicians and 
opticians of the age. After publiOiing a 
variety of ingenious treatifes, and parti* 
cularly a fciencific << Magazine" under 
his own name, and carrying on for many 

* The original piAure will be given by its 
fiT^ent poflfciTorto the curaton of any public 
rr poiitory who nay think it worth freienr- 
iD|, RniT* 

years a very extenfive trade as an optician 
and globe-maker, in Fleet-ftreet, tht 
growing inlirniities of^a^e compelled hiia 
to withdraw from the aaive part of bu(i* 
'nefs. Trufting too fatally to what he 
thought the integrity of others, he unfor* 
tunately, though with a capital more than • 
fuiEcient to pay all his debts, became a 
.bankrupt* The unhappy nid man, in a 
moment of defpcration from this unex* 
pe3ed (broke, attempted to dedroy him- 
lelf ; and the wound, though not imme- 
diately mortal, haftened his death, which 
happened Feb, 9, 178a, in his 78th year. 
He had a valuable colleQion of foflils and 
curioiities of almoft everv fpecies \ which^ 
after his death, were almoft given awa/ 
by public au^ion* 

His publications, as fiur ai they have 
occurred to recolle^on, are, 

The Philofophic Grammar: being a 
View of the prefent State of Bxperi- 
menul Phyfiology, or Natural Philofd- 
phy. By Benjamin Martin, ^«x«tix^* 
1735, 8vo.«*-A new, complete, and uni- 
verul Syflsm or Body of Decimal Arith* 
meti ck, 1 7 3 5 , 8 vo .-« The ypunir Sta«* 
dent's Memorial Book, or Patent Libn« 
^f* >73$» 8vo.-«*Defcription and Ufe 
of both the Globes, the Aimillary 
Sphere and Orrery, Trigonometry. i7|6, 
2 vols.— Elements of all Geometry. 1739, 
8vo.— Memoin of the Acsdemy of Pa« 
ris. 1740, 5 voL —•Panegyric of the 
Newtonian Phitofophy. 1754— On the 
new Con(lni£Uon of the Globes. 17^5* 
—Supplement to the firft edition of the 
Philolbphia. 1 7 59.— •Sy ftem of the New- 
tonian Philofophy. i7$9» 3 vol- — New 
Elements of Optics. 1759* — Mathemati- 
cal Inftitucions, vne. Arithmetic, Alge- 
bra, Geometry, and Fluxions. 1759.— 
Natural Hiftory of England, with a Map 
of each County. 1759, a vols. — Philolo- 
gy, and Pbiloiophical Geography. 1759. 
—Mathematical laftitutions, 1764, a 
vols— Lives of PhilofopUers, their In- 
ventions, &c. 1764. — lQtrodu6lion to 
the Newtonian Philofophy. 1765.— Infti- 
tutions of AHronomical Calculations, a 
parts, 1765. — Defcription and Ufe of 
the Air Pump. 1766. — Defcription of 
the Torricellian Barometer. 1766.— Ap- 
pendix to the Defcription and Ufe of the 
G1ol>cs. 1766. — Philofophia Britannica. 
1778, 3 vol.— Gentleman and Lady's 
Philofophy, 3 vol.— MifccUancous Cor- 
refpondence, 4 vol. — SyQem of Philolo- 
gy ^Philofopliical Geoi^raphy. — Maga- 
zine complete, 14 vol. — Princil)les of 
Pump Work. — Theory of the Hydro- 
mcter.— Doclrine of Log^rithmSt-^Oti 
the Property of Ida^d CVir^CuiX* ^« 


CbaraffiT ff tit Rev^ Mr. Da?i8 Jifmdidm 

Mft. Urban. 
"Vl EVER was <here i more lively 
J[\| perrraiture of the boaAed candor 
and imjvircialiry of fome mco, than tiiat 
difplased Iw t\>e hand of a mailer in 
p. 968«>9, of your laft3upp1crDent. Truth 
lie prr)frfl"cs to rcfpc^'U and y« he exhi- 
bits Mr.JDavis as *\^va^m young man, 
confined and iUif'trMi in his notions of 
religion and philolophvi" and arrogantly 
be- li eves, \\\c fcA' palTagcs there referred 
to '* will iXwtBi the reader lo tverjf (>b» 
icftfon of confcquencL wliich apphcs to 
*W». GiWbon's H'llory" in his «• Kxaroi- 
»»tion" of it, Suiely candour muft con- 
it fs, that truth i& not much rcfpe£led in 
this dire^^ion. Is inaccuracv, u partia- 
lity, is mifreprcftnration, of no confe- 
^*jcnce ' Has not Mr. Davis pointed out 
inniimciaUh: inAances of each? Magna 
cfl Veiiras, ec pi^valehic. With tiie 
boH^r of Mr. Gil>bon, on the pitty of Dr. 
Pricftley * » I leave your bigutcd corref- 
poodeac to confole himfelf j being myfelf 
itill convinced, notwithfianding tlie iii- 
fejuKions in p. 924, that Mr. Travis 
■laiatuns his ground; and that he and 
Dr. HoHlty (fee p. 56c of sour Magazine 
for Aofuft 1784) prove themfclvcs fuch 
9Dtagooiils M the Ihafts of the billoiians 
of the Roman Bmpi e, and of the corrupt 
tioxts of Chritlianity, will leave un- 
wounded. I'he confidcraMy enlarged 
edition of Mr, Travis's •• Letters to 
£dward Gibbon Etq," lately DubliHied 
in offavo, is *' an additional ana fplcndid 
proof of the talents and erudition of its 
admit at^le author/' who has ibewn him« 
fclf '* a!» honorable as he U intelligeot." 
It is much to be wifhcd, that the re- 
matk^ on the general dciign of Mr. Gib- 
bqn's publications, licginning at p. 3 5 1 of 
Mr. Travi>, could lind a pi^ce in vour 
truly valuable and impartial MifceMan) ; 
as nothing vvou d tend iiKjre cftc£iujlly to 
counrcr-ct iik' poifon! in them : 
•* You have, Sir,'* (favs tins animated 
Wiiter), thioughout tl.cwliolcof vour 
publications) U cnicd to tr.;:tc'i with avulirv 
ticveryocc;»rn»n,aptoruna..t,ot Itliening 
the pow*r ot Chri/tiizn'tj oci the huiMan 
mind :— you b;ivc cmI. tvuuitd to cflec* 
tuate your. pun-oJc In i»«'ir«.ft maclnna- 
tions. You have, aiiruUv enough, 
luggeded anib:k'i:(*ii » '• "i 'V^ons, where 
yoJ durft i.oc haz^.d .. ,-. hiive accuta- 
tion. You hat'- U -Mid t) railc a inter, 
where you duiu t^i't r.ikan aigumcnt." 
After proti wcin^ evidt ncc ol ihtlc charges, 
Ik concludes tiiu* : ** It, Mr, this Uchr.ei* 
tion, the outlint:s of vvtri.h have iKCn 

* ixr rIi-' your ink A^r;! Mag> pt25}i«aad 
f, 3^8. ot tuai tor M*j. 

fkctched by your own hand, be a jnft re« 
prefentation of your mind, your creed it 
already known ; and the prefent age 
may, future ages moil certainly will, be 
at no lofs to form their judgement of yoa 
accordingly. If it be not juii, if cither 
your own text or my comment hath 
wronged you, do juftice to yourfelf* 
You have the remedy in your own power. 
Favor the Public with- your fyfiems of 
Theolngy and Murals. Delineate tliem 
at full length. Defcribetbem at large 1 
Stand forth !n the open field. The world 
is weary of feeing you fi^ht fo long ta 
ambufli. Walk no more forth with your 
flilctto in the twili^lic Seek your aaver* 
fary honorably, with your naked fword, 
in the face of day. Afpire to the credit 
of Tolamii and iimdaU of Cbubh and Afar- 
goMy of famni and SfinoxAj by a direfib 
attempt to break this " Yoke of the 
Gofpel." Take to yourfcif the hoiMKS of 
Rwjpeau at leaH, and give us the Creed 
tA jour Sa^wjfwrd Cyxxwt alfo. Atfunic * 
the diftinAion of FoUmre^ and favor ua 
vnxh jour piShuMairt PbHofopktqut Ftr^ 
tatif, Diftinguifli the grounds of your 
oppi'fition to ChriflidPiity with plainncfa 
and perfpecuity. Leave your readers no 
longer at liberty to confound, in j^'on, ^ 
modern Deifm with aniient Polythetfup 
.or either of them with Atheifm. If any 
of thefe Baaij be God with you, tcH ut 
which of them you worOiip.* 

As a friend to truth, to vinuCy and to 
decency, fo manifdUy violated by ^ the 
learned Hiftprian of the Roman Empire,** 
you are requeued to in(ert thefe ftri^ures , 
by Yours, &c.. Vino ex* 

*^* Tbifyrmir Uttirs nviU bt ufid^ 

Ma. Urban, 

IN p. 4S4, col. a, 1. 38, of your lafi 
volume Mr. Pennant was charged 
with the nonperformance of a promife { 
which is but an a£^ of juftice to remark 
that he ha^ jroxb |>erformed. You havt 
in pp. 680-^83 of the fame volume duly 
celebrated the admirahle Life of Cranmer 
by thr ingenious Mi. Gilpin. A few in- 
accuracies occurring in it lha;l now be 
pouved out : In p. 93. we ihoulu read 
•• Thoriid/n J** and in pp. 133, 134, 
'^Fagej* and in the next page << Slei- 
dtfn." P. 164 for •« Whitcbrcad" wc 
fljouM fuhftiiute " Whiiheadi" and, 
ill two lines alter, •• po'itick" for *• po- 
lite.'* Of this David Whichead an ac- 
count may be found in A. Wood's 
Aihcn. Oxon. i. 172, and in Tanner*t 
Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibemica. la 
p, 194 WC Ihould icad <* Opoiin," 

CMtinuMtton dfo^fnal Ruffian Cffrrijpondince. 


TmvUfpt^ JoM. I. O. S. X785. 
Mr. UtBAN, 

AS I came from (aftinfk to this 
place, by the way of OiU-ogofcbk, 
I croned fcFCiai Aeppec^ x>r dcfens, 
•ivhich hare been cleared and rendered 
.▼eiy fertile. The MalonilTians have 
jdiftioguifhed tjbeonfelves highly in tlus 
iort of labow, by exerting; in an un- 
^oinmon n^anner, every effort for pro- 
curing excellent com-fieId«; and it 
0iTe me great pl.eafure to fee how much 
jOiey h^ye been able to eSc£t^ X dif- 
ijnguilhed in thefe par^s, amopg the 
plants that grow up mx)\ the corn, a 
Kind of buglofs [ecbium Ualicum']^ 
which' the women on the borders of the 
Don make ufe of by way of fard, for 
giving a beautiful tint to their face. 
Xhey rub their cheeks Withthe root of 
^his plant, frelh ptycked, which com- 
inunicaees to then) the ipoll agreeable 
rermiljion that can be irpagined. J 
examined thii ropt as well as I could« 
^nd found it to contain fqch a great 
abundance of juice, of an exceeding 
fine porplCt Jthat us colourating parts 
ideienre to \^ anajiyfed with attention, to 
fee whe^l^er )the ufe of it could not be 
extended to obje^s of different and 
greater importance than fard. ^% this 
plant grows alfo with us in England (| 
fay mfitb ms in England, Mr. Urban, 
jbecaufe, whetfaLcr on the banks of the 
Don, QT on the banks of the Seine, it 
vrould JK equally mv pride and delight 
]to bring an ^cglilh idea to my heait, 
/kpir Jiuwttna Babyhnis ibi fedimtUt ibi 
JUvimust dum ncordanmur SioMfm * ) ; 
ns this plant then grows alfo \yith us in 
England, and (as I Qnd it note4 in a 
bo«^ of botany) in Itajy like\yifc, and 
^he paru aboi^t Montpellier, on arid 
hilts, it would be eaAly tranfplanted, 
and, its properpes being once thorough- 
ly knoivn, it iQight fuou become of ge- 
neral otiiity. Thsit any qi your corre- 
fpondents, who arc lo inclined, may 
have an opportunity of comparing the 
buglois I have been defcribing wip{i 
what grows in England, I annex as 
good a reprefentation of it as I cpuU 
procure, plant, ropt^ and flowpr. (Sei 

the^iyj^. i,) M...M. M. 

■ ■■ ■ p . ^ 11 1 > ■ » ■'■ 

* Yet I raoft confefs I feU myfelf fome- 
wbat lUttered the otiter day by light iog on 
this paflage in ib eacellenc a wricer as Juf- 
tns Xfipfias t " Hamiles ifi^p et plebeijt ani- 
■IX doflii refideat, k affiue fnat fuse terrae, 
jlU divioior eft qox caelum imitacur, 9e gandet 
" 7q^ Lififiuif In E0. ad Piiitff. 

Qmwt* ICa«. dtpi/f, tySst 


favlqffi, Fib. 5, 0. S, 1785. 
Mr. Urban, 

BEING ftill at this place, where I ara 
like to continue fome weeks longer, 
waiting fur a brigadier, who prom i fed 
to be here as foon as f, but who, I find, 
has not yet taken his departure from 
Voronetfch; and, as I have had no op- 
portunity of forwarding my letter of 
Jan. I to my fricqd at Pete^fburg, I fit 
down to begin another, that may ac- 
pompanv it, when an occafion offers.—* 
Ifonetnink fit to trouble people, the 
leafi one can do is to give them a reafon 
for It. If you make no ufe oF my com- 
munications, the receipt of them is a 
trouble to you; and whether you. do or 
not, I cannot tell till your Magazines 
come out with the (hips in the fummcr. 
Indeed, by that time, it is highly pro^ 
bable, 1 may be ordered either to Sim- 
birlk, or Samara. My friend will in 
that cafe fend them to me; but it will 
be fome n^onths before I receive* them. 
From thence, pcjrhaps, I mufi away to 
Yakutfk. I mention this to you chiefly' 
that vou may judge how J mud plca^ 
myfelf with th^ idea of having Ullen 
on fuch a method of employing fome 
of tho(e moments my various warfare 
allows me as ftands a chance of being 
acceptable to thofe of my countrymen 
who read your publication. If, how- 
ever, you think fit to rcjeft the trifles I 
fend, through want of room for things 
fo trifling, you may be a0'ured that nei- 
ther do I look on them as articles of fo 
very high importance but that the im- 
provement of the underllanding and the 
cultivation of the heart may be purfued 
without them^ and rpy obfervations in 
my cabirka will turn upon other obr 
je&s. In the mean time, I (hall folloMr 
my purpofe till 1 find out the fate of 
thofe papers you mull have already 

There is a difeafe known in Rufiia, 
and in the Ukraine, under the name of 
the Volofetz, which they pretend to be 
occafioncd by. hairs found in abfccfles 
and wounds. Thar, by fome fai^lt in 
nutrition, hairs may be generated in the 
different parts of the human body, when 
afHi6led with malignant and inveterate 
ulcers, 13 a matter whereon the tefli» 
mony of the mod famous phy/icians, 
ancient as well gs modern, leave no 
room for doubt. So that it is no diffi* 
cult thing to imagine that fuch cafes 
may exift in thefe countries. I have 
been enabled to make obfenrations on 
^li dife^ic fioG^ ( baii^ \k^«t^ Vc^x^^ 

588 PrivaHers tmmffifUfi by JL Jamei dmriii tfi PiraUt^'^/iniHU - 

right tdwmr: ind if (be». be hts tU the proved* ioe all favorable alloiigMM 

confequences of war, and, among tlic m^t to be made ; and the gea^rfll ac* 

tc(l, ^(g^ffortfri^;!// aod ri;^r#/a/Mj, which knowledgmeat of.falfe authority in « 

is a power of granting letters of marque forreign country, where tht cominiff* 

and reprifall. ons wete taken, wonld free them froivi 

Sec. Trinebard. This may bee true pyracy : for it is cleere K. James ^iia 

and law where a kine is dcpqfcd : butt France it owned and reputed at a kiag^ 

what if he is abdicated? and therefore* in this cafe, it if wi^ 

Dr, OUys. If he did itall)r abdicate, doubted law, commutus error fadtjms. 

at the Emperour Charles the Fift, or the 
Q^een of Sweden did, then he is noe o- 
therwrfe than a private perfon, and can* 
iiott legally grant any commiflion. How<* 
ever, the queftion here is tiott, whether 
King James has a power to ffrant fuch a 
coromillion or nott, but whether a priva- 
teer, ading by venue of a commimon de 
faffOf granted^to hitH by K. James, nott 
knowing that he had abdicated, whether 
fuch an error will excufc a fana jfeli£li, 
for that a ijeputable power is equivalent 
to a real I in fuch cafes. 

Sec, Tremcbmrd. To cleare this poync a power. 

Lord Devon. Whatt if Tourrillp 
ihould grant fuch commiflions c6 En* 
gliihmen, were nott they pyrates that 
a^ed und«:r them ? . 

Dr. Oldjfs. Noe, though the poweir 
of granting fuch commiffion be excepted 
in his patent, yet| by common intend* 
ment, as admirall, he could grant fucE 
commiflions. And as it is not to bee 
prefumed that a private man could looIL 
mto his patent, foe neither ougjEt they 
to fuffer for not (eeing it. It u fum* 
cient that they are reputed to have {uc& 

wee rauft examine the circumAances of 
the eafe, and fee if they are fuch as might 
occafion or induce a common error : 
whereby maiiy mipht .... {obliferatid) 

'Dr. Old^ ^is notorious to all the 
world tlittt Ki James was once a lawfirU 
king,i and 'tis acknowledged foe by all $ 
that when his armv defened him, then he 
lied 10 his ally in trance for. .. • (odlite 

Lord Devon, Then, Do^or, if Pom- 
|»One, or any other minider oi ftike, 
ihould grant (bch commiffion ? 

Dr, QJd;f^ Whv then it would not 
bee good ) becauie, by common pre* 
fumption, a fecretary of ftate could 
erant noe fuch cemmiflion : that power 
being proper to adniiratls. 

Sec. Trencbard and Lord P* im veiy 

rated)., there I that the king him received great biote. Pray, Doaor, let ws deale a 

as fuch, and fumirhed him with force*: 7i,i|e more clofcly with you; for yoih: 

then he went into Ireland to recover his reafons are fuch as amount to high 

kingdomc, cs his declaration fetts forth, treafon. Pray what doc yon thinke of 

There he grants commiffions. They abdication ? 

that fought under thofe commiflions and />;.. q/a,. My lords, that's an ra- 

wenr taken, were nott ufcd as iheivcs fnareing and odious queftion. How. 

and robbers, butt as prifoners of vvarr i 
whereby his clayme fecmed to bee allow- 
ed by his very enenyes. And thofe per* 

ever it may bet, I thinke of the abdtca« 
tion as you doe r for (ince it is voted, it 
binds, at lead, in England. Butt thefe 

fons who ferved under him in Ireland, genrlcraen were in a forrein country^ 

were there treated as cnemycs and nott as gnd knew nothing of it ; and though K. 

logues : though, att the fame time, they j^^^, ^e^ „^ j^j^g jj^^e, yett the colour 

aaed under K, James and noet)tlier, of authority rcmaineing in him, artd the 

and by his comniiflTom That upon common acceptation of him as kin» 

ihvire rctninc to France they repaired j^cre, excnfes them, as I faid before 

unto him as theire king, and thought gee, tmncbard. What fay you to 

hiin as well empowered to grant com- the cafe of pyratei under Anthony kinv 

miflions by fca as by land j and, upon ^f Portugal! f ^ 

receipt of commiffions from him, came jy^^ Qf^,^ A, ^ t^^ cafe of French, 

eut autmo kifttH^ non animo /nrandt, as ^^j^ ^j^^^^ Anthony, the booke fayct , 

•rivateers, wwljj pyrates, as appeares jra^mi /nnt npn qmqfi jujii be/let fed pj- 

Iqr their commilfion. Thie colourable ^^^^ ^;^. /^tomo iAHtinmU Puijo 

•ttihority rjroainting m K. James, will j^j, ^^^ wnherjo, et regem e^nttoak 

-^cufe thofe that a6fed under it from be- ^HiJ^anii nunqtuan. Tht differSces of 

ing pyrates , feeing the abdication waa j^efe cafes appeai«s m the reafbn. For 

never pubJifliedl^bor foe mpch at heard ^^ere the Spanmrds never Owned At^ 

of, in ]• ranee. And fmce in pyracy, ihony as king. Her* it i# quite othei- 

-whwb Muyn^iomim fn/fiianm, rf ^jf/j f^ g^ j^^ w«t rcilJy aifd 

Ljni-liiAm'tloia&t Mstrty Mtraffit, tact 

truly a Yin^ and owned to bcc foe by 

.* and 

a king, am 



Dr. Niwioii and Dr. Waller doubt- 
inf. dcfired tunc, and tefufed id give 
rheire opinions then. Dr. Liitlecon 
fiid, that K.. Jamct wai nmv a private 
perfao ; wee had noe war with him, 
nor h*c vritll lis ; and if he derircd to 
have any (vith ui, ararium ion tahft, 
he is out in a capacity of makibg war i 
he can neither fend nor receive amlMf* 
ttdam ; miA thoCe that adhere <□ him 
»re noft ei^eitiycs bliH rogues ; and foe, 
cooftqueBTlj', ihcfc pcrfons jre noe pri-" 
tatccrs, bun pytatci, Dr. Tjndall 
Wai of the lame ripinion. Upon thil 
Dr. Oldvi wai removed, and Dr. Lk- 
deian putt in. 

M«, Ureas', fftltin^ham, Aug. 4. 

WELL koomng youV Maea^ine to 
be a tepolitory of ufefufand tn- 
tertsining knowledge, and believing the 
following lopogripbical and antiqua- 
rian notes will piove acctpiabit to the 
generality of your leaned friends, 1 
tracDnit them to you for infertion. 

R. D. 

CMm tmnieiil»n rtlaiivi to Lynd- 
LTti<l-Ildni>Hotirc ii filuated in the 
|iariih nd chaee of Hatfield, about 
three BtlM fouth-ealt of Thonie, 3 
fmall market-nttrii in ihc county of 
York, remarkable (at traditioit iayi) 
for hivi»E been the refidencc of aierjr 
gigantic perliiQ of that name, of whom 
many Rrangc things arc related. It ii 
an ancient building, encircled with a 
morafi, which renders it difficult for 
people, unacquainted with its litu<itiun, 
to gain a palfage t<i it; and, hoivevef 
rcmdrkabic and incredible many pF ihe 
aichievcments attributed to ihis great 
man may be, fome of which would only 
c laughter if related, Ct 

church, to which (I am tnFomied) the 
cathedral church al Lincoln wA for- 
merly tributaty. 
AJiert Accinnl tflbt antienl e.nJ prtfiM. 

StMt 0/ tbt Meraffii ir Mtori Eajt tk»^ ,^' Tham. 

We are informed, bv ancient aUthon} 
that, when Juliu* C«i"ar landed in Bri— 
rain, «hat part of rhe Ilriganm nov 
called Yorklhire, which >* 1 moMifE or 
Niior, vni a tery «itenO*e ftirell, coq- 
fiftiogof ireeiol moA kind«, but mor^ 
efpeciall^ fits and oaki| b which ths 
Mild Britain* toolc Ihetter, antf fnxa 
vthence thCy tallied out in great num- 
bers, taking the baggage, deftroyiaf 
the forces, aSct oiherwife incurring the 
enmity of the Romans, who had a gar- 
rilbn at Daaum, notr Doacaftet, and m 
ftanding army of Crifpinian horfe. The 
Romans, exafpetalcd at fiich ppocoeil- 
ingt, fell upon, then, deflraftd (heir 
habitations, cut down the fortlt, aitd im 

, sboDt thirt] 

ty yea 


Stovius, Efq. of Orowle, animated by 
the prof^iet fo often related, wfnc to 
the place, with proper airillanii, 10 
fearch for hi* bonci, wnich were faid to 
be interred ihete; when, affcr a due 
fcarch, bones of a very uncommon fiie 
were found, pari of which were depo- 
filed in the hands nf the afore- mention- 
ed Mr. Siovius ; and 1 believe he, or 
fame of the family, nuw hav« the bones 
of the middle (tngcr, which were collo- 
cated together, lipt with (ilver, and 
■lade ufe of ai a i<jliaeco-nop[>er. A 
ten,- sulu from hence lies WiOQt 

plex a Hate, fimk below the furface of 
the eacth, which, i apprehend, wonIA 
eafilr admit ihem, on account of \t» 
moilture, and cottftquently the teaves^ 
bough), fibres, Etc, mult rmbibc and rci 
tain a very con lide table quantity of ve^ 
which continually incrtafwg, and more 
firmly uniting, eonllituiec the texture it 
now exbibitf. la many places ■ flick. 
may be pulhed down ftveral yardt, ami 
when the furface is raifed by thebam^ 
&c. (whish is very cafily daae), tba 
water confined in the morafs runs with 
B gentle ttoifc, rclembling ihc purlin]^ 
of a fmall cafcade. Tbere are fereral 
very targe dscp wells, or rather poadt, 
round which grow great quaotiries of 
ling and other fmalL fliruba. The fur- 
face confifts of a beautiful vanegaied 
moft, which fprcadt itfclf indtftinAly 
orer the whole moors, and makes a 
convenient covert for the ducks, geefe^ 
and other game, which frequent (he 
moors. There are many vipers which,^ 
breed in the tufts, or more elevated 
parts' of the mofs, and ate frequently 
caught fsr m*dtcal purpofcs. — .» 

In digging the many cuts or canalif 
which were made for the convenicncy 
of difierent town) and places, were 
found gates, ladders, Iboes, nun, and 
fbme Impletnentt of hufhandrfj thi 
the earth, which in fame places 11 a fine 
claf, in others a light find, wasi u^ 
fetved to lie in ridges and fnrroist a* 
dtotigh Ic bad bfcn iplsu^ndi aftdvK 


Plan far a Tnmg IVwimfs Campwnafd 

little more than a century ago, the en- teaching mjr men fenrantt bj any of thc[ 
tire body of a man was found at the variouc editioai of that ufcral bciok' 

" " The Young Man's Companion.'* 
Now this brings me to the fubje^ andi 
defign of iny writing to you. I want ^ 
*^ Young W9matCi Companion," fome- 
thing upon the plan of that for young 
men, but cannot procure fuch a book at 
j^ieafes me. Whether it be owing to 
the carelcflhefs of my bookiellery oi^ 
thait no fuch work is extant^ perhapa 
you can inform me \ I am certain thei 
numerous editions and extenfivc circu- 

bottom of a turf-pit, about four yards 

deep, with his head northward^ his hair 

find luiils not decayed; the hand and 

arm to the elbow was given to Dr. 

Johnfton, a learned Antiquary, (who 

then lived at Poneefra£^), which, bv 

being ibftened in warm water, though 

ctfaerwife like tanned leather, were fo 

ermolliated that he took out the bones, 

whidi were fpungy. At difierent times 

Soman coins have been found of Domi- 

tian, Trajan, and other emperors; The lation of the other m^ht have fuggefted 

is and oak wood, %vhich is dug up in the hint, and afibrdcd ihfficient encou- 

ereat quantitiee, lies in irregular direc- rageroent to any prmter to publiik fuch 

tms, fome ftanding upright, others in* a one as I fpeak of. But if no fuc& 

olined to the eaft» and others with their thing has yet been attempted, might not 

loots fadonedi fome appear as though the following propofal be found ufeful 

they were cut, burnt, or broken from towards forming one ? Suppofe thf §dk 

the roots. I ihall now dole my account part contained a ihort comprehe^five 

of thefe ftu^ndous^ curiofitics, and at prayer for night and mornings rules for 

the fame tinie lament, that it is not in good • manners, modefty, cleanlipefs. 

my power to give a more accurate ac*\ 
•ount of themf- and that they have ne« 
Ter incited the attention of more able 
writers. A well* written treatife on the 
IDorafi*es in general in this kingdom,- 
particularly this very extenfive one, 
would much gratify many curious en* 
i|uirers into matters of this kind. 

Yours, &c. R. D. 

Mft. Urban, Mmnchefiir^ ^ufy 29. 

AS your valuable Ma^aine is al- 
ways open to every hmt or proje£): 
which has a probability of being ufeful, 
I hope you will admit the following in- 
to' fome future number, and alfo join 

&c. with eztra£ls from the *' Sermons 
to Young Women," ** Advice jo a 
Daughter," Mrs. Chapone's excellent 
and truly feminine <* Letters,** or any 
other works of a fimilar tendency ; tne 
whole forming a iliort plain fyilem of 
morals, all poilible care being taken ta 
make it plcafing, interefting, and in- 
firu£live. Then an abridgement ^f the 
explanation in Fiiher*s ''Young Man'a 
Companion/' oiF ilops, onhographyy 
with a ihort ipelling-di^tionary. .After 
this, his drft four rules of arithmetic^ 
followed by copious, corre£k marketi/iy 
tables, with explanations. Aiijdy If^AJbri 
a colle&ion of ufeful receipts for cook* 

%Hth me in requtfting the afliftance of ery, &c. &c. Let not any of your 

your oorreipondents to improve it. I am, 
and have long been, mafter of a family ; 
and as I never permit any part of it to 
ramble abroad upon the Lord's day, or 
to run out among bad company in the 

readers cad a contemptuous ineer upoa 
this humble fubje^ till they have ouly 
coniidered whetner it may not be of 
(bme fervice even to themlVlves, The part of my plan I coniider as abfo* 

avenings, it is my endeavour to foftea lutely necefiary, and on no account to 

this determined regularity by inilru6t- *" '^^ ' '^ '^- 11- «-- 

ing and amiiling them at home. My 
£rft care is to teach them thofe few, 
plain, ludifpenlrble duties they owe to 
Gody and tncn thole which are due to 
their fellow-creatures and themfelves. 

The Holy Bible is of courfe my princi- 

be omitted. It would be a very likely 
SKieaos to imprefs fuch virtuous fenti« 
ments upon the minds of youne women 
as might make them more ukful an4 
valuable in the families they fefvey axui 
iikewife guard them from the numeroua 
^ _ fnares which are laid for them, and by 

Sld«redory : after it, 7b9 H^koU Duty tf which, * alas 1 iuth numbers of them 
«r, Baxter's Catty and Outdridgt*^ iuflfer. 1 have feen too many inftaincca 
It^ amd Progrgfst make up the divinity of this, not to wiih for a few frien4|/ 
)»nt of my family library. Afew^books cautions of the kind referred jto;.|ind 
on moral and^ntertaining fttbje^lsy -fuch know many whole external elegance 
^t Tbf Pliofmg inJiruSor, kc fill uy^an- und amiable difpolicions intttled them to 
Other part. So &r I can inllro£^ borh a better fate, who yet have beeU deceivu4 
iexcB in common I «Qd at to arithmetic by the a^ful ules, bf unprincipled n|c^» 
■id accompts, t am amply al&iSed ia and afterwards abanduaed by tfiem to ini« 


■farithtal Lilrariity low provided. 


(er^ tDd difgnce« Bat it is not oecef- 
fary to enlarge upon this meUncholy 
fuhyeSt. I (hail only, therefoire» ejcprefs 
toy wiih> that there were fewer inftaoccs 
orfoch iKftrefles, and that the guilty fe* 
dacer was more feverely punimed. In 
this wi(h all your fair correfpondents or 
readers will join with me, as I hope ma- 
tkj of them aKb would, if fuch a work 
was begun, by contributing their part 
towards improving the mind, under* 
ftaoding, and morals, of the inferior part 
of their fex; thereby rendering them 
more happy in themfeltes, and more ufe- 
ful to thofe who employ them. Perhaps 
alTo they would be at the trouble of com* 
municaung fuch receipts, &c. &c. as 
they know are valuable. The remainine 
parts, being chiefly compilations, would 
only require fomc little care in the felec- 
tion. Ezcttfe this well«meant humble 
attempt to be ufeful, from your conflant 

J Friend to Learning and Firtui, 

Mr. Urban, 

IP you will admit the following queries 
and iDtfcellaneous remarks into your 
valuable Magazine, you will oblige your 
conlhnt reader, W. N. 

IN a fermon preached by Dr. Kennett 
in the year 1706, at the anniverfary 
meeting of the charity fchools, the 
preacher in celebrating the reign of Q, 
Anne, among other things, fays^ *^ I 
mean that conftellation of noble deiigns, 
the forming focieties for the reformation 
of manners, for promoting Chridian 
knowledge, for propagating the Gofpel 
in foreien parts, and for ereQing paro^ 
^hial Libraries.** Alfo in anotper. fer- 
mon t^n the fame occa^on, by Dr. S. 
Bradford, preached in 1709, there is 
this expreffion, •• J>y providing parochial 
Mraries for the poorer clergy ; a delign 
encouraged by a late a£lof parliament*." 
I wifli to know what the panicular plan 
was ; what a£^ of parliament encouraged 
the ereding parochial UBraries ; how far 
this excellent fcheme was carried} and 
why it failed, or has ceafed ? ' 

it is not ufual for queries inferted in 
your Mag. to remain fo long unanfwered as 
thofe have which appeared in the vol. for 
J 783, p. 1024. A (light anfwer was in- 
ifeed given foon after to the firfl of the 
queries \ but the fecond and third yet re« 
main unnoticed. Permit me to recall the 

* The •& here alluded to is tha( of 7 
Aane, cap. xiv, for promoting public li* 
kraiies. £9.1 '• 

attention of your correfpondents to them, 
and to requeft an anfwer. 

I am not in the lead furprized that 
Milton's political j>rincip1es ihouid he 
obnoxious ^ profelTor Wanon (ivid^ 
Gent. Mag. p. 2^1) ; but that he ihouid 
charge the pious Baxter with having ** a ' 
reftldfs wayward fpirit," furprized tat 
extremely. What the particular difpofi-^ 
tions were of the men the profefTor ha» 
joined to him I know not, and therefort 
am inclined to follow the excellent direo« 
tion of the old adage, de morluis^ &c. kcm 
But, from a bng acquaintance mtSt 
Baxter's pra£lical writings, I venture t# 
fay the charge is unjuft) and can join 
with Dr. Calamy, in his Life of this good 
man, in believing, that ** truth and peacf 
were the obje£^s of his purfuits all hit 
da^s, and that he fpared do pains that 
might contribute to either." I cannot 
entertain a better wi(h for Mr. Wartoo, 
than that he may be as ufeful while living 
as Baxter was, and that his works mair 
afterwards be as generally perufed, and at 
beneficial to all ferious Chriftians, at 
Baxter's %0'w ari, I would, with all 
humility, requeft the learned profeiTor, 
before he publilhes a fecond edition of 
<< Milton's Poems," to inform himfelf a 
little better of the life, chancer, and 
ufefulnefs of this laborious minifter of 
Jefus Chrift, or at lead to look oVer hit 
funeral fermon, preached by the eloquent 
Dr. Bates, and then, perhaps, he will 
have no great obje^l'ions to join the con- 
cluding pathetic wiih of the preacher^ 
** May i live the (hort remainder of tny 
life as enrirely to the elory of God as he 
lived ; and when it &a1l come to a pe» 
nod, may I die in the fame blelTed peace 
wherein nc died ; may I be with him in 
the kingdom of light and love for ever I'* 

Mr. Urban, Fei. ii. 

HAPPENING the other .day to Idok 
over the elegant and judicious 
<* Eday on the Genius and Writings of 
Pope," which is univerlaily afcribed to 
Dr. Wanon, I met with the following 
paffage, page 269, xft vol. 4th edit, 
where the learned EfTayift, fpeaking of 
the prologues of Dryden, fays, " Many, 
and indeed the mofl excellent of them^ 
were written on occafion of the players 
going to Oxford $ a cudom which was 
intr<xluced by that polite fcholar and fen* 
fible governor. Dr. Ralph Bathurft, dean 
of Wells, and prefidenc of Trinitv CoU 
lege, while he was vice-chancellor of 
that univerfity." Till I faw tliis anec- 
docc;, I was totally ignorant that ^la^et^ 

^ Sluitj why Pliers arefirhlddm at Oxon.— Mr. ThickncByi d)J, 

Lad ever beeo permitted to a£^ nt Oxford ; 
wktn, however, I h^d read it, I could 
pU kelp lafnenting ihu ihe i»,mft iodul- 
,MK^ was not grf Dted npw. And yet I 
Save nryer hei^ of anv fyfiicipnit r^oa 
jihj it i(^i^ not. A weekly concer;: 
|tas been efUbliiied in Oxford fame time{ 
prtvf itinerant conji^rer <to ufe the vulr 
car eyprciSon) always obcatnt permidion 
pi c^e vice-chancellor to exhibit his tAick^ 
^nd deceptions ( ^d yet I fee no reafon 
why a. half-crown ihoujd not| with a 
jitter degree of iodiee, he fpent on the 
pom ratioi^l aiqufirmeot, as well as in- 
fbni£Uan» of the ftige. If it ihould be 
mtl^ il>^ the introdikE^ipo pf a con^- 
|Mii3ro£ pli^fcts might b^ th(p caufe of 
MMding nttjt diOurbanipes jungng^ft thp 
? gens tpgat^," I anfvver^ Why is ncjp 
^s the cafe in die n)uiic-rooni ? Or why 
IS it n^ as likely tJMt a play of Shak- 
J^are would be l^ard with as much at- 
tmuon fs the ^(V jpicpc of ^luiic whac- 

Nothing f^bflantial tlycn, Mf. Urban, 
fan he yrgt;d agaii^ft the imro^^^ion of 
payers at Oxford ; and every thin? n^ay 
%e laid for it.' Tl^t it ma^ fpeeqUy be 
^ccompli/l^cd, is the hearty wifh of 

Your!>, PHif.o-DRAvy. 

5ir. Calherine*s Hermitage, nemr Batbf 
JUr. Urban, 7«ir 5- 

A 6 you have given your leaders fom^ 
account of my *• Addrefs to tl^e 
c^rl of Coventry f>n behalf of the roon)c 
mi Montfeirat," p. 555, I flatter myfelf 
jour Magazine will he the pf opcr place tp 
^rc the Suilhing rtrokc to a paltry ftory^ 
which a roan of Icfs fcnie than the noble 
fcarl woultlf >yith a minute*^ conAderar 
iion» have preyentird. I therefore inr 
Ibrm you, that the earl of Coventry did, 
M. length, by the hands of ^ir John 
JtfjUer, otfcr me ten guineas; and on 
imjf refufing to receive it for my owji 
m^ the fame gentleman carried it to 
SUmViTio, Secretary to the SpaniOi mi> 
miftcVp for the ufe ot Pcre Pafcai ( an^, 
in cafe of his death, to the apothecary 
who collc^led the njiffeds. The latter 
fias received it , for, alas ! poor Father 
Pafcai is gone t^ that country where 
jkcither *weeds nor docks grovUf and goqe 
too before he knew that fome gratuity 
waa obtained. The apothecary, in a 
letter too flattering for me to repeat, has 
acknowledged the receipt of ten Britiih 
ruineas ; and, the^xfore, I take the li- 
Geny of fending you an extra£t from 
Don Virio's Ifttcr to me on the fainf 
if^bjed. ^JDciaur S^ir, f received, fix 

week* af;o, 90 tnfwer from qdjr firirn j 
at Madrid relative to the affiitr of jdmntj 
ferrat. He had delivered the ten gniT 
peas to an agen^ of |ha|^ cooveotf wiili 
a partipular charge thftt the faine ihoul4 
he paid to the apothecarjr, a|, luilpcktr 
)y, our good Padre Rodrigo Pa(cv it OQ 
more.'* Not fatisfied with this at^fwer^ 
I wrote lo mf friend, to re<tuire a pro? 
per acknowlcdgenaent from the peribn 
tha^ waf to i*(?ceive the inone;|r ; an4 
confeqi^entlyi by ^ mfifenger joft af- 
rive^4* ) received the inclofed ieerer, 
which, i dgre fay, will give you lull 
information, &c. &c." , 

And no)y, Mr. IfrbaQy I Iblainnly 
aflu're yqu, c^ttous as / wuty Ar agnUa^ 
find dkany poynds ouf pf pocket aa I 
ani, n>y r^feinment is at an end $ nay, 
I will even increafe ^h^ expenc^, for 1 
have ordered 4 va(e to be efe^ed at the 
door of the Hermit's Hut, my prejeiu 
fffuleuce, " T* the memory •/ f§n Fa/^ 
calf a monk of Montftrrat,^* I hope, 
Mr. Urban, it is not a (in ; for tbo«^h 
he was a p^fifi^.z mo»kf and a Spammrdp 
yet h^ wa| one of the noblefi w<|fks o£ 
0od. Lord Coventry was plcafi^ to 
tqll me I could render him a fervic^ 
nvbicb no other man in Britaia cottU ren^ 
4tr* 1 did render hiin the fervices h^ 
requircd| with ail (he leal ainl good* 
\yill I ever rendered fervicps to any mai^ 
living. The public are now in poflef** 
fion of his coudu^t to me, and mine tq 
him I and therefore, as you |u(lly ati- 
gur7'tl^?y^vill determine whether the 

51ebeiai{ or patrician >vas (he caufe of fo 
^nch noife s^bout the introdu^ion of ^ 
few docki and m»e$ds from Spain to Bri* 
tain ; and whether, wlK;n I found tha^ 
my friends at the foqvctit cpuld hardly 
believe that fo little as one guinea wai^ 
Eiyen for all their expence» and trouble. 
It waf not fufl^cient paufe to iDHze m^ 
to juftify my own condh6t. |^or what 
could have been more eriminal, than tq 
have %yith-held from thofe good men 
gny pitrt of ;he rccompence fof their 
readincfs to advance their money, an4 
(o "Icf ye Individuals pf a kingdom with 
which theirs was then engaged in war 2 
No rank, nor any condition of life, 
ihould, or cve( (hall, deprive me of 
judifying tn^ conduct i^^'bile I can caU 
forth Truth as an evidence Mei^ 
are hanged daily fur crimes of lefs mag- 
nitude than ^lat of which 1 ftood fui- 
pe£^cd among ftrangcis who had re* 
ceived me kindly, entertained me with 
hofpirality, and opened tl\ei( poifes tQ 
oblige mc. '2viii». Tbicki«&ss£. 

Jp^Cf and Deprivati^ if M, Pctftpierfe. 593 

. r. S. Vqu will obfervc, Mr. Urban, am determined to ferre God iiiith fully 
VK nice honour and cxaftitmlc of Don according to the dif^artcs of my confci- 
yirio. Not content with thv tiil^ no- cnce, cither in the miniilry. if I am el- 
ticC| though he had no doubt but that lowed to cxtrcii^' that funfl^ion, with Ti- 
the money was paid xo the apothecary, dclity and truth, or out of it, if inm 
yet be would aot write tiH he had mat- obliged to retire. Whatever may hap- 
t^tto remove all doubts in me. It was, pen, 1 look up to ifie frft caulV, and not 
however, needlefs, for 14ciiew by what to fecondary ones. Ido moft cordially 
Upright hands the money was con- embrace the do^ritie of the fcripture : 
»«ycd. Commit thy fway unto tkt Lord, • and put 

thy truf in bim, mtd be Jbait bring tt to 

Mr. UsBAKy P^J^h af'-d am convinced with Jeremiah^ 

TH& diving of Neufchatel, to whom that it is good ibat a man flhuld botb bcpi 

Mf. Burke alludes in his fpeech and quitiiy lAHiit for tbi fat*t)ation of ih^ 

of ih^ 3d of June (fee <3rcnf. Mag. vol. Lord. My copfoUtion, always lupcrior 

UU. p. 913), is a Mr. Petitpitrre^ to my trials, will be to apply to myfclf 

vrcH known to Tome of the fir ft families with St. Paul thefe word§ of the Pfalm- 

sn England, from tlie circumftance of id : / belirOeH, and iberefore ba%*i I 

his having taught the French language fpoken\ and may my confqience allow 

in London. This gentleman, a native me to fay to God with the royal pro-* 

•f the ftate of Neufchatel, was the phet, / harot declared tb^ rirbtgoiifne/s id 

youngeil of four brothers, who were all tbe great congregation -, ^, livillnot r/- 

lyrought up to the church. He was ap- fratn my iips, O ^Lcrd, and tbat ibou 

^rited ininifte^ 6f the church Aux knoweft. 1 ba've not bid thy rigbteoufnefs 

:p9mt$ in the year 1755, and had the fa- nuitbim my heart ; my talk bath been of 

i\%ht6t\ovk of being tiniverfaily beloved thy truth, and of thy falvation, 1 bavf 

by his parifliioners; but, before he had not kept back thy lovwg mercy dnd trnth 

exerci^ his religious fun^ions four frofn the great congregation, Withdra'w 

years, he was acculed by the confiftory tbou not thy mercy from met O Lerd^ 

of having preached ag&ifift the do£lrine let tby loving bindne/s and thy truth al- 

tii the eternity of hell torments. The way prijcrue me. Amen." 
parifti A»x Pouts declared unanimoufly', Neither th* apology of the perfon ac- 

that they were perfedly fatisfied with tfufed, nor the declaration in his favour 

The fDtifillry, doarine, and condu^ of prefcnted by the confiilory of La Cbm^ 

then* minifter. Mr. Petitpierre nrgcd, in de Ponds, were of any avail. Thus we 

his own defence, the neceifity he was hive an inftanctf,in the 18th century, o^ 

iinder, in eonfcience, to preach the uon» a proteftant miniftcr being deprived o£ 

eternity of pnnifhments in a future ftate. his benefice, becaufe he would hot fuh- 

-Upon which the aflcmbly of clergy, be- mit to an injunction of filence on a point 

ion whom the matter was heaia, ex- which he held to be of the utmoft con- 

horted Mr. P. in future to a£t with fequencc, and, which his a'dverfaribs nc- 

more prudence and circumfpe^ion. ver aKcmpted to controvert. His pari* 

Tfhis mild fentence had the crfc£t which ihioners, however, became clamorous* at 

toleration feldom faiis to produce. All what they c<5nceivcd to be an aft of vi- 

^iras (feace> and quiet. In the month of olcnce, which 'being reprcfcnicd to the 

May, 1759, Mr. Petitpietre was unani- king of Prniria, thiir fovereign, his roa- 

ftioody appointed paftor of La Cbaux de Jcfty laconically anfwcrtd, *• Que let 
ForndSf a confiderable parifh in the, meliicurs de Neu&h&tel foicfnt dafmn^s 

fnoimrains of Neufchatel, where, 6iit ^tcrneUcment." 

of i€oo pilrilhioners, is thought peeper Mr. P. came foon after to Fngland, 

to renew the complaint of his docVrinc. and by a fhort, but fcverc application. 

In the m'onth of June, 1760, the matter acquired a fuilTcivnt knowledge of the 

iaBie BgniA to t hcai4ng before the elf r- Enghlh language to cnaMc him to teach 

gy of the diftrift, when Mr P.. read the French, of which he was an excel- 

(Hiblicly his ^polbgv^ for his conduft, lent maftcr ; a^d, having undergone a 

•ivbich concluoet with tfi«fc remarkable 14 )'^^n dnid«^cry in LondoiN, he rc- 

wordf : ** Whatever^ reifeJufi^n this af- turned to Neufchatel, where hcnowcri- 

lembly.iDay cofee to.rtipefting me, 1 joys, that fcremty of mind which ariles. 

■ ■•■ 1 "■ y I, ■■ •; .' — ■ ■ ■ — • — trora. a good confcicpcc, and lives hap- 

• See **>K|^l'o^ie de M. X*ctitpterre lo^ pily artongft his countrymen, who hg- 

4b ^bflele ^^eiftt 1760^ tamo. iiouif and relpc^ his'characler. X. Y. Z: 

OaHr-MAO^X^A/f, 178V Vt^. 


fTbirlwlnds of tw$ Xlndu 

Ms. UtiAi^f 



MY former lettert on the fuBjw of 
Water-Spoutf (vol. LI. p. 5591 
LIK. p. 1^2 $}f having met (vith 4 
favoorahle reception ; permit me to trou* 
b!e ^ou with fomc anetdotes cooccrDing 
Whiiiwindtf phenomena, which under 
the torrid zone, are too fiequent for any 
one who has made his refidence there for 
twenty years, as I have done, not to be 
prettv well acquainted with them. 

Whirlwinds are by no pieans iimilar, in 
«n V TclpeOt, to fpours ; which laft. arc ever 
Mfariy fixed (o a fpor, fioifhtng their ex- 
igence at no great di (lance from the 
place where they l>egin. And from all I 
liave rnvfelf obleived, experienced, heard 
from others, or read of whirlwinds, they 
•re confined to two eflTcntially different 
kindv : the one always fportive and harm- 
Icfs, its progrcllivc motion cafv and gen- 
tle; and the other as conftantly dreadful 
and d;;nru6bive, fwifc, furious, and im- 
petuous. Both have their degrees in 
inoti»)n ; but (o perfc£Jlv different and 
cliHin^^ from each otbcr, diat the fportive 
never uax turbulent, nor the dc(\ru£Vive 
dcgvne:a:c--^nto plcdfanrrv. 

Dr. Franklin himfelf, in Letter 
XXIX. vcrv particularly dcfciibes a 
whirlwind of the tirft forr, which he met 
with in Maryland. But I mull ob- 
fcrre, that, though thcv take a variety of 
fwceps ab<)Ut the place from whentc they 
rife, and, when hi^h r^fcn in^air, Come- 
tinics take different fwecps, at other 
time* journcvinjj; onwaids (as he dc 
fcribcs his) for a mile togeih«T^ in a,di- 
ie6V couifcf yet, as tlicv inoft frequently 
are fecn in calms, fo they av^ (OmMonty 
afccnd and fpend their moiu^n nearly in a 
local and fort of perpendicular rile. ' 

I have alfo met with a double w|r»rl- 
U'ihd \ that is to fay, a common whirl 
carrying up light particles fn its ufuai 
fpiral rife ; and that fimple whirl, by an- 
other extraneous motion (as it would 
feem) in the air, was again carried about, 
as It rofe, in the form of a coik-fcrew, or 
diftii1er^ worm, and in the bounds of 4 
few acres in th» fwctp. 

As to the caufe of luch pha?nomena, I 
leave that to the prefumptuous philoio- 
phcr, who may alfo, pcrl^aps, happily 
invefligate tkf rtafon of tbeir ixifletice : 
and I will only auJ, for his adiiiance, a 
few more data, vix. they arc not caufcd 
by any partial rarefaQwn of air y or, as 
\yhen a calm fultry horizon is ovcrfiiadcd 
by dt-ep- gathered clouds, and a iingle 
nairow breal: gives the fun-beams an ex- 
traordinary force upon a few roods or 
(icr\:s, a^ lu a ioup Ue JoUUi for ibcy arc 

moft common v/hen the air ft clear ttil tl^ 
clouds on high, . rather hroteo and dif* 
pierfedy than low and heaped togetlMri 
neither do they feem to be oaufed MzXj 
by fmrcid eddi$t nf mnd, fuch is in 
ilreets of towns, or when the ftrdghc 
courfe of a breeze is brokci| by copfe or < 
thick cluften of trees in the wav ; nor 
by any affifiin^ decHvitj of ewrvng UOi 
9r boRo^wfeJ dales \ for tlKy«re fo oon* 
ftantly attendants on dry, clear, fakry 
weather, and rather on dead calms thaji 
fanning airs, in fo much, that they are 
fore prognoftics with the expeneoM 
planter of a longer continuance of fach 
dry and fultry weather. And^ more- 
over, they more commonly urite their 
rife in open, fiat, Champain grounds^ 
than amongll (Ireets or tields, where the 
regular air is by eddies apt tcF be inter* 
rupted. Again, thefe fponive whirls, 
according to theirx celerity and ftren^h, 
carry up loofe and light particles into -the. 
air, fuch as dry grafs, cane trafli, fliav*' 
inga of boards, chips, light duft in vait 
quantities, and the likej carrying them 
to fuch heights and diftances fometimes 
that they are loft to the eye; and with* 
out thefe fmall particles, the whirl, if ic 
were not felt, could not be (eeay or 
known to have exiftence; unlefs^ per- 
haps, it (hould pafs by the eafy bending 
branches of fome tree in its parage. 
Moreover (excepting the difagreeableoefs 
of the fmall duft to the fight and bretth* 
ing), when an obferver happens to be in 
tlie vortex of fuch a^.whirlwind, he feals 
no other dilhcuity, and no other eafe^^in 
the a6lion of refpi ration, from either 
plenum or vacuum, than at other times* 
And taking their rife gently, as we are 
fometimes ^tuated in the very centre, as 
it were, of ^e vortex, .no pipe, or tube* 
like appearance, is by any iign or meins 
to' i>tt oblerved, not fo much as even a 
lefs quantity of flying particles in the 
centre than in the circumference, but ia 
every where feen to be fcattered about in 
equal proportions. 

But, belides this whirlwind, I have 
alfo mentioned another, caufed by die 
rufbing and contentions of contrary 
ftreams in a hard ^ale of wind ; which is 
again always amazmgly dreadful and dc^ 
ftiu6live in its powers.. For in this fort 
may be clalTed all the feveral winds called 
by the names of exbydria, ectieftia, pr^f' 
ier, turboy typb§f and traiuado ^ .wlvich 
are all hurricane ftorms, witTi fome vari- 
ations iq climate and appearance. Thun* 
d«r mixed' in one, hcfavy rains in another, 
whirlwinds da/Uing down in one pla^, 


Wbirhulnis di/tinSf from Waur-Spoutf. 

mxr^xxg vp !n another^ hurling forward ' 
therCf and bayock and deftru^Tion every 

Thefet iodeed, have litde to do with 
our prdeoc inYcfligatton ; but, willing to 
leave Jiochiog unexplored which may 
throw light on the fubjeft, I cannot help 
Kore ammadveriing a liuie xm 3 pafTage 
in Mr.^alcooer's ** Marine Dl£iionarv/' 
ontbeatticle of watcti-fpouts. Takii^ 
it lor granudj that the branklinian iyu 
tqn» if to be our oracle on. thi« groundy 
be.faVs^ that "the wind blow$ every 
wjy from a large furrounding (pace tii 
Iqrm a whirlwind ;*' than which noiliing 
it more uncertain (unlcfs he means a 
whirlwind of the hurricane fon)^ for the 
Pr. himfelf ^ys. that *' they generally 
arjfe*' after calms and great hea: (Letter 
XX. page 127) : and conQant eaptricnce 
declares, that neither before, no^ during, 
the a£lioQ of. a whirlwind, are breezes 
felt from any quarter at all. Nor is the 
Dr. bimfelf a whit miHaken in his intelli- 
gence, when he fays alfo in that paflage, 
that ** we £nd it como^only lefs wara;i 
/after a whirlwind ;" becaufe, as I \^ttxp 
at^ady obCerved, lone experience has 
taught us (in the tcrrridzonc, where they 
are mod frequent) to dread them as a 
ceitaitt progooftic of a continuance of our 
dry and fultry weather. But Mr. Fal- 
COMER has mifunderdood the whirlwiiW 
he meai\t to defcribe i and by means of 
Lett. XXI. communicated to Dr. Frank- 
lin front a friend of his at Anxigua, lie 
has, )ike the letter- writer, pr. M— -r» 
confouhded a water- fpout with a hurii- 
caoe>gu^ IiTothing is more plain. Foi 
the progrelfive motion of this hurricane 
wliirl, as it proceeded up. St. John's har- 
^ur, being unequal, not , in a ftreight 
line, but, as it \^re, hyjerks and ilarts, 
ill befits the idea of a lieavy, folc/nn, 
full-charged fpout, yet perfe^ly weU a 
. fantadip, whirling ^u A of wind. >\nd 
as to tliis whirl cauhng a circle of aboiit 
twenty yards on the water, one would 
wrtonder indeed if it did not; and in tlie 
▼iolent agitation of fuch a ^u(l, iiuin/e of 
the waves (the broken agltaccd tops cfpc- 
ciallyji to be whiiktrd about,, and carried 
ofFin heavy fpray through the air, is not 
9ore extraordSnary thaii its cHct^ts when 
it reached the 0iorc, carrying along with 
it ibinglcs, Aaves, oay, whole huufcs by 
4^ lump. I wonder not at Dr. M — r 
wlien defcrJbing' iuch a plixnomcnon 
frpm mtmtry ("as he cxprclfly tells Dr. 
Franklin, p. 241) : and, conhdcring 
the predilection bt might have, iiiul the 
pn&rence w# uU naturally 'give on 

59 J. 

doubtful cafet, to a popular pluloTopher's 
opinion ; I wonder not, I fay, that Ur. 
M— -r ihould overlook fome circum«- 
f\ances} make light of, or forget rome; 
and, perhaps (to flaitcr a fiiend ufcd to a 
little flaitory), he might coax, waip, and 
high furbilh other circum (lances. But I 
cannot think this declaration fo very deci- 
fivc on the point, as to authorize tlie 
coihpiler of a Dictionary to make 
ufc of it in fo incontrovctiibjc a manner, 
as that the world arc now ro look on a 
'wattr^jfout to bi a fu^hHivUtf, tuhicb 
become viable in all its dimen/iOMJ hy 4bf 
'Wfifer it (Mritf up ivitb it, 

Tl»aL deliigiij»^(lorms and dedroyin^ 
guiU are gcntrarcd in the clouds,' we 
have in out ifla nd of Jamaica feeniin^ly 
a \cx\ fiion^ pitKif ; ^iid. the greater tiie 
coiifbination of heavy. cbuds, rhe lirong- 
cr the tcnipcft. In termer <iay*, when 
our ifland was ovcrjji*;A'n with woods, 
their thick fpli ge anti Ipn acling branches 
ftrved as fo many atraftive ffrapiicJs, 
firft to impede the flight of clouds in 
ilxpir courfe over the lofty mountains ; 
and then by degrees, af it were, to ancft 
:liem there; thtAe io highly embanked 
the wl\ole length of the ifland, tiiat the 
fucceedtng clouds, Hopped alio by tlic|r 
rejteniiop, djd fo deeply ovcrfpread the 
lower giqunds, that- heavy falls uf rain 
ufcd to Utile over the whole jfland for 
Icvcral wptkf together, in fuch conftant 
aud dark pour«, that 1 rememl>cr tor fe« 
veral days on a llf«ich to have fat dowa 
at nOOQ lathe hght of a candle, 'i hea 
were ilie Former and the laitcr rains cer- 
tain over tlie whole illaod. — Sut now wt 
arc fo clcartd away below, and lo much 
thinned by fcttlers aloh, that our feaions 
arc bccoHie .cfltcecdiijgly prtcaricus ; and, 
when th^y come, arc not only ofim of 
Ihoncr continuance, bur, at l)eft, much 
nmre partial and inconljdtrable. ho, in 
former days, hurricaitcs wci-e dreaded and 
(loims nqt uncommon : hut *ow a lho«t 
gud gf wintl is ahuoft all tl»ac we know, 
unlcfs, pel adventure, the tail of a Wmm 
(hall pafs over us alrcr iiaving villicd 
4ome of our windward neit^hbours. By 
the by, I fay not how far" there mav !.« 
trutli 10 (oinc part of the h\potl»ths of 
my old much-valued fiitnd, the btc 
Rev. Dr. Stujceley, F. R. s. arid 
F. A. S. concerning Earthquakes j but 
certain it is, that fincc the falliiji/ otf 
from our former hea>y. anil vidicnt le— 
fons in whicii were ufqajly niixcd dread- 
ful lightnui^r^ anti rhundcri qui earth- 
quakes iilfo have been Ic(s ficqucnt, at 
Icaii much kls Alarming. But aldwiw&jx 


FaUhg fr^tiT'Sp^M. 

I fty tbat the deftni^^ive whirlwind is 
mod commonly fl;eiierated in» or at- 
tendant en, clouds ^ and ftormy weather, 
yet nature muft not be confined. Tra- 
Tados break fdddenly forth, one knows 
not where, pet haps evco fromi fomc fair^ 
looking quarter, an.f, /"uiliing furioufly 
downwards, mav hefo rcTcrberatcd by 
the rcfiftancc of the ocean, as to form 
fuch a whirlwind as Dr. M-^-^^ — r has 

From thefe, I hope n<Jt unnecefTary, 
obfcrvaiions on whirlwinds, permit me, 
Sir. to return again to the vvater-fptiut. 

Th;»t theic have been falllnii fpoutt^ 
and of tremendous wcighr, Uiftory, voy- 
ages, and, if I forpei not, even the 
'• Philofophical Tianfa^^ions,'* have re- 
Corded inftancfis of difaftrous confe- 
<|uences ; and the fudden aspirated and 
ruffled confufion of the fca, in the mdfi 
pf cafmsy which immediately fucceed 
fuch phje.;omtna, is a conlUntly-to-be- 
niet with proof, when fuch.folid torrents 
(which, tnanks be to God, are but rare), 
drop on the Waters. But, with reeard to 
the rifing^fpout^ the proof is rather want- 
ing and kanty. For it .is impoffikle — 
psrhaps this is too (Irong a word fot pbi^ 
iofQpby-^hMt common-fenji and all experi- 
ence will juftify me. when 1 fay on this 

cumference. How wide 0iat.ihoii1db^ 
I fliall not guefs ; but h is well koowii 
to every voyager,^ that daring calm't. 
when the impatieiit crew are wiftfiiUy 
looking around over the glafly furfacc of 
\he ocean for a friendly gale, that the 
fofteft breeze, a motion fit only to fop la 
the lighted fail, fuch as even the fpor« 
tive whirlwind would flutter, will yet* 
on its approach, affc6t the fmooth face of 
the ocean hv a gentle rttfflc (called by 
feamen a cat*s-(kin, or trolly-lolly), an4 
U'hich is not only feen from a confider- 
able offinc: even miles, nay leagues, but^ 
thall its uKJtions, yVflw and to whatever 
quarter of the compafs, is diAin^ly to 
b« trjced. Purely then, and I repeat it, 
it is net pojjihle that a whirlwind (ball 
rai'e fuch piles upon the fea, 32 feet in 
height, and 15 or 20 yards in breadtl^ 
(Letter XX. paj»c 239) ; nay, drag them 
out of the deep too, by fcrewing and 
twifling and air*pumping too (if I may 
fo exprefs myfelf on a grave fubje6i), an<i 
yet that fea itfelf remain calm and unim- 
prcfTcd. I will not fay what change or 
imprefTion there ihould be ; but, what« 
ever it is, no fuch natural, necetTaryy 
and correfponding confequtnces have 
ever yet been obfervcd. 

Indeed the Dr. (p. 227), in confirma- 

topic, it is not pojftbh' that an eddy of tion of his do£lrine, •* that wind blows 
wind, be it as 6crce as f^ncy can pi6^ure, every way towards a whirlwind from 

and 6erce and ftrong it mud be ^ and let 
the friends of this philofophy look to it, 
and reconcile it to plauribilrty j not only 
ftroHg murt the winds from tverj quarter 
drive, but equally fir ong too mufV it drive 
frorti every point, to form a tube fuffici- 
ently embodied .to fuiVgin in vacuo a ri- 
fiog pillar of folid water, an'd continue 
fo to do for a confidcrable length of 
time : that ibis eddy, I fay, fliail ipiialiy 
rufti \\v\w cverv point of the compafs, 
prtivious to the loimationof fuch a f pout 
(ai it, to make good the Dr.'s 
principles), and vct that that voitex and 
whirl in the air, which, to be furc, can 
he of •:.'> i'iConGu'.*r^l)!{! breadth of bafe, 
ih.ill mike i;0 rcniarkablo change and 
Oj;»,Matio*i U|.on liic fa:*; of the ticep— 
iiiuft H' t ftriisc at. ui.pri jucliccd 
jnia.i .^t I le t':r!l hluih ' I v ti^ilcu^'c cvt rv 
vovj'ivr, aaii cv; ly pln!j»:(',>!.iv, ol/^ivet, 
to lav rl'«-t it ^lot:-. As 1 h.*vc aiicady 
fii^}, tl c 'I- r.'lt, fpnnivc wh il'.vind, will 
rife" in c-vnr. , H'ld riKcl noihing vtiihout 
jts o\.'ft*^'''«'" \, vv'.iich is l.vit of i;;»riow 
c\cm: t.ut a whi-rl, as Mr. Falconer 
ft'.*, ** ^'. l:uii is formed by tt;e blowing 
«.f wi. (o lioiii every rjuniter m a large 
furrounding H ate,** 10 laife f'lch a nial- 
hvc pile, luult be of a uivich wider en- 

large fpace round,'' gives us a nautical 
(lory, told him by a whale- man of Nan'* 
tucket. His and two other (Kips in that 
trade, forming nearly a triangle in their 
iituations to each other, as they lay dift- 
antly in a calm, obferved a water-fpout 
in tne middle of this triangle : immedi- 
ately after this fprang up a brifk breeze, 
when fetting laii, each found the fpout to 
leeward ; Jo thmty in this particular, 
fuobirlfwinds and nuater-f^outs agree t 
that is to lay, that wiu^^s blowing trom 
all fjuaners, and fiom a large fpaco 
rourid, is the efficient caufe both of the 
one and the oilier. NoW. is it, becaufe I 
am reading this llory with my own fpec-i 
taclcs, that 1 do not ice the Hrength of 
the argument ? For it appeals to me, \htt 
if this brijk gale had rilen bej'ore the ap- 
pearance of the fpout, it would have 
liiiied the Dr.'s purpofc belter. I wilt 
lake no J^dvaniagc of the com^^ttcncy o( 
the Ncw-EnjiUnd whale-man ; the Or. 
\*\s he was intelligcni ; he Hiall l)e a phi* 
hyfophcnoo. if ihat wih I'o the hufincrs. I 
N^nlltakenoadvantaiic of this fmurwrra-rAi 
that ihips trcqucnilv, tuiar.each other, 
and in ihe fame fleet, have dili'cicnc 
ftreains of air during light eafv wea»her 
and calms, without their meeting eiibef 


Whirhvhdi and J^atir^Hf^utU 59I 

Ipquti (|f wbiirli^riacjsv 9>ut if theie brilk ^ %% feet) wa« j^ver fccii to break ic 

gaiety even as the Dr. has told the ftory, that U rotted beighr» jct-d'eau like 3 

\pi aoy conpeCtbn with the fpouc» ic which, tnethinks, MtoyxH fomeiimes nar^ 

Was, furely, that the fpout caufed the tur^Uv be the cafe with rihng fpouts, ra« 

gales, a^d not that the jgaJe^ *were tbs ther than inTariably be found attached to 

ccttft of the fpout ; 9n e^e^ of which X lowering; and heavy-banging clouds. 
|baii,ff>eak more fully in its turn. Ic is true that fome of our narraiives tell 

Once morc^ SupjX>(ing fpouts to rife us of p^irtof a cloud tapering into a long^ 

itfuactio, *' •ccaiioned eitiier by pulHon (lender tube, which fcems to defcrnd tq 

or fusion (as rhe Dr. fays), immaterial^ meet the riling one ; and, after the cqiit 

which, to the height of ^2 feet, or lefs, lition, the former turns taiU and both. 

I^ccording to the perfe6^ion of the vacu- witYV one confent, mount aloft into th^ 

urn i'* what then, let meSiik, is to fol- fkies.* But thofe appearances mud bt 

low ? The mercury, in a vacuum formed carefully confidercd ; there may be da^. 

by art, wiil| in the folid tube, (land u cepcions in a matter where the eyo alone 

Its height to cicrnity, unlefs fome acci- is to be the uqipire, and the eye at a dif^* 

dent admits the air,' when it will ruih tance too. This appearance I will en^ 

back precipitantly into its bed again. But dcavour, prefently, to make ptrfeflly 

does this huge pillar of heavy fluid, 30 well correlpond with a falling fpout: hue 

feet high, do the fame? does it dand a fait what conne£lion a calm, ilnl, hanging . 

pillar, like Lot's wife, till by chance cloud, far and high frokn the reach <» 

fome weak part of the embodied whirl, difttirbances below, has with a whirlwio^ 

at tne top for in dance, not fo flrongly on the face of the deep^ is, 1 profefs," a-* 

betwifled and bound together, as below, bovc my philofophy, "* 

Jetting 'in the air, difToives this miracu- The lad obfervation, witb which t 

ous pitcher } No ; no fuch precipitate ihall trouble^'ou at pTefent, is this : 
fiall was ever yet fecn, unlefs from the The fird accounts wc had of watpr- 

Fidtculous accounts of another dranee fpouts, feeing they more frequently hap* • 

ftory-telling mariner, fuch 3s we are fa- pen at Tea than aihorc, mud have httti 

voured with in p- 239, Letter XX. ) or from failors^ and common failors too; 

our ingenious Capt. Dampier's defcrip'? for we were long i^^^/'/i^ traders «» the 

tions ; which I fhall confider, with fome ocean, before wc became fkilful conque- 

others, more particularly hereafter. What rors beyond it. At this 'Ver^ day, aU 

then? how is this, mafs rtpcndcd ? dues though we have many ^ntleroen*oJf fa* 

the whirlwind continue to whiik it about miiy and liberal education in the navy 

and about (as in my plate, ^ 6g. 2), till and army, yet we boad more their bra^ 

it has expended the whole magazine, like very in the rvyal feminarf (their fecond 

a>fr/-<ii»^/<r/ at iVlARYBOKE ? iNo; nor fchool), than their philo^phic refearche# 

that neither : it expends itfelf into a in the fird. The rudiments and theory 

etoud. It feems then, that when this of the fird they mod commonly throviP 

fame whirl wiisd is to take its rife, or Jits afide for what is more liecomhigthem, tluf 

it/ilj io twork upon the waters, a*; they pra<^tical ftudvof the lad. What mud wa ' 

call it, to carry it up into the air, fume then cxpe£t from the unlettered and bar<# 

|0 feet or lo 1 tlv^ waicliful Providence, barous accounts of feamen fome hundred 

whkh prepared the whale tor Jonas, years ago? Now, fuppofe a little, for 

fends down at the indant, and in Ipecial argument fake, that m falling ipoutSi,, 

readinefs, a large cloud for its reception like heavy ihowers, they may fall ligl>( 

too, with fome otiicr unaccountably and thin at fird,- and that thereby tha 

ftrange atfidants, an apparatus wt acnal midy rifing exhalations fhall drikc tha 

chemidry ; or, at lead, (ome verv fuper* norice, before the fail, growing heavier^ 

natural exhalations', to difperfe the pon* fhall be fcen below ; and» as very com« 

deruus and folic! element ; and with fo a* monly more fpouts than one are feea 

mazing a deg^f«e of equality too, as to from th» fame cioud, or (ome other neap 

fall down foon afterwards in pleafanr, it hand» and nearly at the fame time of 

gentle, dropping rains, to waib a few obfervation, when we confider the not« 

bailors jackets in the middleof the ocean, eafy-to-bfe-got idea (by unlettered men) 

One may fmilc at this conceit ; yet this of folid water coming in^ full d:eam« 

Diufl certainly he the cafe, if thufe fpouts, fron) the hanging clouds, we Ihail have 

wc fo frequently fee, are rifing oots ; for little room left for wonder, that the vuU 

no fpout %vas nvr fifn in a clear and un* gar opinion ihpuld ptcvail amonkjd that 

clouded iky. No fpout (unlefs fuch as clafs of pcoj>le, that the body of waicr 

the fpouting of whales and porpoifes^ which falls from one fpout ihould U^^t^ 

which <ic| inde^ mount' the g^rcatcd pait rile a fix ft ouiX)f \l\c oc^^sl 'v\lc\l V^ ^'^^- 
• See our vol. £(|. p, fj^. "^^^^^ 

^tJ Vfes and Value of ili gndtjenotis AJh. 

^cr. And thus from the conHdcnt his fyftem*, after be fcad IiVed foft¥ 
Tories trld ^nd retold amoiigfl them, of his mi;th9d become fo general thatm^ 
the wo'rdcrful, and hair-breadth fcapc?, Botan id could corrcfpond intelligitily 

from tlic dangers of xS cfe pha:nomcna, without it, and at a time of life whcQ. 

which tlicy have feen and telt, c?cn at few people choofe to retra£^ their 

4hc diltaticc of a boat'book*i Ungtb^ or fo opintons/or to reform their reguUvoof^ 

n'car as locbtfck a tifcuit into the driving but from the rtrongtft convi£^ion. Wc\ 

element — itrifitJc Tandfincn may fiare^ do not therefore cx^>e6k to fee this claft 

but myfi not rejuj^ to credit thtni. Tlius retained in any future botanical publica- 

warpcd by prtj'jJicc, deceiving appea- tion, whatever may be done with the 

ranees have been lo fixedly rooted, tj^at, clalTcs Gynandria^ AUitafdaf^aA Diceciai 

from their pofiiivd} told ftoiics, fcnTible of courfe the afli comes under that 

ft^n have beta iliawn in to believe a of Z77avt/r;Vz, where T/r^A^^rf has a^ually 

cloud to he an ou2le, or a whale, with* 6xed it. It hath been alfcrted, that the 

:out taking time to refle6l*whcJthcr 'tis a flowering a(h alivays bears hcrmaphro^ 

Ham^-t or a Polonium tliat has faid ditc flowers; it is, therefore, like the 

fo. And thqs too, I fufpcft that Doc- ycUow-berried Holly, placed with great 

tor Stewart has a been deceived in his dc- impropriety in the clals PolyffomUit as no 

fctiption^ and Do61or Franklin, taking enquirer, from the appearance of its 

his account for granted, has ftt his bloom, could poifibly be induced to 

^wn ingenuity to work, to accommo- look for it there, and to fepararc it from 

4ate fo preternatural a phirnomendn to the red of the Fraxiai would be ofiering 

^tiilofophic dcfcription, and ip mathe- great violence to that gcnUs. The 

inaucai proof. 

Yours, &C. J«LlNDSEY« 

Mr. Urbak, jfa^rtjf 9- 

I (kt\i be obliged to you to infcn, v. hen 
it 4s convenient, the inclolcd ooierva- 
tioBs on another trec« 

T. H. w. 

)^|iAyivus vxiGELsioR Llfip.^i. -TheAsii. 
In Saxon i^fc. 

TH IS is one of the trees w.c alluded 
. to in our/account uf the Holly, as 
liot always according with the iVOcm /jf 
. Linnasus^ havmjc hermaphrodite flowers 
e^ fomc plants, and on others ouly fe- 
male, thertfoie'he pi iced it in his per- 
Iplcxinf^ ciafi Fohn^amia. -M^c I avc the 
iatisfadlion to hr.d« that the ohjtidtions 
YtC ni'ide ti.'i this clafs are cofifiimed by 
the ; ra£lic;\ and txptriene, of Ikun- 
hiig. who, 'in the pjtfacc to h\^ tlora 
yapo/iirHf (Li^ii*, i'i;4), declares 
politivdy agJiiiift it, as nt^t rnly being 
lotifely ukiefs, but alio as caufmg very 
great cptifuiion in examining plants. 
Xhc opii-tou of this indefaii|:able and 
accurate Nnturaiilt is the ihoic dc- 
cillvc, .as I'.e is on&of the tew who have 
had the opporr.m.iy of pr-»ving the 
urility of the Linna'an arrange ir.ciit, 
%vhil^* he was alc^iraming the i^ew, and 
unkrioivn plants of levtrai extenfive 
regions. The rarious r< alons which he 
af«Liv%ard gives ft-r icj^6Lng this clalf 
{cviv t • us unani^^ei.ible : Linnasus 
himfcif ai(<>^wa/K ingenuous enough to 
be dcfirous of dilcardmg it totally from 


vegetable fyftem of Linnasus, confidcr*- 
ing it is an artificial clalfiflcation, agrees 
wonderfully,' on the whole, witli the 
apparent arrangement of nature j and 
this reform will bring it ftill nearer, by 
removing the Holcif Mgilopesy and feveral 
othcfs, which are now fo much mif- 
placcd, to the reft of the grafles, and 
other plants to their congeners. But as 
thofe that are now ia theclafsPo^^^nfa 
.arc irregular by varying in their fcxcs, 
it would be kcII to place them at the 
end of thofe which are regular in each 

The fruitful aflies generally exhauft 
tlifemfelves fo much, that their leaves 
are few, and cheir appearance unflghtly. 
But the trees of this kind that bear no 
feed, which are probably tholb that have 
female flowers only, have much the 
fuilcfl and mod verdurous foliage, and 
lay fomc claim to the poet's high com- 
pliment, ** hraxinus U /yhis puichfrri" 
pia," I ho* in our eyes the beech is peer- 
Icis. A fpecimcnoftheafl) has been lately 
found with a fimple, or hngle, leaf^; 
and this is the only diifcrcnt appearance 
It has put on in this country, for our 
ifland produces but enf fpecies. If Dr. 
John ton, amid the variety of his reading, 
had dcitrned to look into the book ot na« 
ture, he would nit have inferted the 
folio ^vmg in h\i. Journey to the fi^e/ient 
IJianJt : **■ It is well fhaded b^' talt alh- 
'• trees, of a Jpeaei, as ^.ir. Janes the 

* Sfc li.c Supplement to the laU Vol. of 
Gent. Mag. p. 970. 

«« foiniift 

VJit and Yabu »f iht Iniigtnm 4fl>' 


^.fo0iUi) informed ine» uncommonly into a plantation of a(h-treet| to the 

** taloablc." Young, in his Towr ////»-/. grcit atpufement of his ncighbouK«, 

Umi^ has the following p^Cagc:" ^' In who cultivated ho{>8 around him, but 

•'every inacccfliblc cbff there is moun- after a few years, when thcv came to 

** xa\ik zibLy (Frax'inui ex€eljiwr),'* The '^urchafe his poles, rticy perceived tha^ 

tree .lyEre mentioned is probably from the produce of his garden was full at 

ihe Mountain A(h, or Quickcn-trcc^ 
the Sortus'auatparia of Linnaeus, which 
iias not the lead afHuity with the 
Fraxmui exctlfior^ the tree now before 
vs. But that gentlcmau's time has 
been much more b^seBcially employed 
tbaii in minute botanical refearchcs. 
^ Though there is no rcafbn from the 
pla€U i^-hcrc the alb grows, nor from 
Its narocy to fufpefl that It is not a na- 
tive, yet it fometimes happens that the 

profitable as theirs, withont the ex- 
pence, or uncertainty, lo which they 
were liable, it is (pUin by the follow* 
ing remark, that formerly * this was 
eflecmed ttie propcreft tree for hop* 
poies. *' Hops in tivne pad were pleati« 
*' full in this land, afterward alfo their 
" mamtenance did ceafe, and now being 
** revived *, where are ante better to be 
** found > where anie' greater coni- 
'* moditie to be raifcd by them ? onelie 

t)Ioom, and tender (hoots, arc fo injured -*' poles are accounted to be their greateft 

In the faring by late frods, that no keys, '* charge But fith m^nhave learned cf 

•T feeds, are to be found in a large '* late to (bw aihen keies in.aOi yarcbby 

di(lri£t. If this be the cafe with an indi- '* themfclvcs, that inconvenience in 

^noustrec, weoughtnottobefurprifcd, ** ihort time will be redreffed." /f«ip« 

or to i-epine at the difappointments of rifon*t D e j'e ' i^i ion of England ^prefixed l» 

the fame kind we meet with from our notinjted, ibtip, 19. edit. 1586. 

fruit-trees, which are all brought; from 
warmer climates. 

The leaves of this tree appear late, 
fend i^W early j it is therefore improper 
to pJant for proteflion, or ornaracnt. 
The timber is next in value to the oak , 
and in fome places equal to it, and 
ought when it is fold to be mcafured to 
a much fmallcr girt than either that 
tree, or elm. We have (hewn, in our 
remarks on the oak^ the high cftimation 
in which our Saxon anccdors held trees 
that bore mad \ and it appears from the 
laws of Ho*u:el Dda^ which were written 

The learned, who have enquired into 
the origin^ of nations, have formed 
difTerenr opinions concerning the Celtic 
and the GciJtj; ionic have dcdarcfl them 
to be one people, as to their cuftoms^ 
nSaniSers, ' and religion ; but others 
feparate them : the Cfiis^ they fay, re. 
peivcd their laws and religion from 
the Druids, while the Goihs followed 
the inditmions of Wodep. As the 
lights arc but very obfcure by which, 
both parties have been conducted, it 
may not be improper to obfcrvc, that 
the favoiiritc tree of the Druids is 

about the middle of the tenth century, well known to be the oak; whereas 

that the Britons lool^d on fuch trees in 
the fame light: for the price of an oak, 
or beecky was one hundred and tvventy 
pence ; while the aih, though always fo 
ufcfiil, or any other tree which furnilhcd 
1^0 food fdr fwine,. was valued only at 
four pence. 

Tllis tree fupplied our ancedors with 
their weapons for war, whence a Saxon 
\varrior was called JEyc-bej^enti i «» 
}t did the Greeks, and Romans. 

** Belli potara cruores 

•* Fraxi|)us." StMtut, 

.With us it if RH:ch more beneficially 
employed in iniirununts foragiicvilrure, 
^ and domcdic purpolbs; but its property 
of exploding iu the fue makes it dani^ci- 
ous for fuel. The hid ihoots from a 
fiool a^r tough, and flexible; fome 
coppkesin Hertford flii re are particularly 
Doted for wood cf this qu^litv. A 

the Edda of Woden holds the adi in tlne^ 
high«d vcneratioru The facrcd a<h 
Ydrafil is difplayed in a wildly fublime 
allegory t ; and nifmy words fignify- 
ing drcngth, valour, or preeminence^ 
are compounfU of the Sjkou word 
j^l'C, and in the hith fable man is 
dcfcribed as being forrpcd from the 
adik Hefiod in like manner deduces 
his brazen race of men \^xW^ m, from 
the ajhy (Work* and Diys. v. 145.) and 
has in his Ther^ory Nymphs of tlic name 
of MAioi. On the other hand, ihc Romaic 

♦ This alluth.s to the terrible devaftailom 
made by the wars b«t\\ceii ihe houTes of 
York and Lincaller. la it>i* p»:«cc»blc reigns 
of Hcory the Stvenih and hi^hth, the natioa 
recovered it leir, and begau,t« procure again 
the conTcniencics and degincics of hfe. • 

f Soe Mallet's ** Intr9tiu^Jiiiti i r H fl4rt 
" de DtiH'xmrt ;" or/lieiiii|,li(h rianii^tioti^ 

aftiemjrt i 

jpcrfon in ElTcx turned his hop-ground called Nura.m .Jmi.jwtut, Fauie a. 

Jh out thttgli iraki tn a ^T/fv Dreft, 


poets fecm Y'o coi^form to the fyftcM ^f 
the Druids,. when thej rcprtlent ttuo- 
kind at produced from oaks. 

<< tSeoAiot virgin cmncis, etduroroborenatA.** 

Vir. .^.S. T. 915. 
^* Homines qui mptoroborenatl.*' Jot. Sat. ix. 

It it probably owing to the remains 
of the Gothic veneration for this tree, 
* that the country people, in the fouth-eaft 
part of the kingdom, fplit young, afhet, 
mnd pafs theit diftempcred thildren thro 
the chafm in hopes of a cure. They 
have alio another Aiperftitious cuftom 
«if boring an hole in an afh» and 
fattening m a fhrew-moufe (Sorex Ara- 
wiwtt Linn. )> a Few (Irokes with a branch 
of this tree is then accounted afovereign 
fcmedy aparnft cramps and lamenefb in 
cattle, which are ignorantly fuppofcd 
10 proceed from this really harmlcfs 
•ntmal. We have feen trees that have 
tindergone the latter operation, and 
others which have been much injured 
\j the former. 

Some writers aiTert, thai Manna is 
an cxfudation from our afli (Fraxinus 
^xcli/ior)i but others with greater ac- 
curacy inform us, thatthcmanna^bearing 
tree is the fraxinus tenUicre tt minore 
foi'w of Bauhine, which is the Fraxinus 
Ornur' of Linnxus, a native of the 
ibuthem part of Europe, but unknown 
to this country in a wild (late. 

A(hen leaves have been ufed to mix 
with tea : poor people in fomc places 
made confiderablc advantage by coilc^- 
ing them ; and it is to be regretted, that 
this pra£kicc (hould be prohibited as in* 
fcrfering with the revenue, ftnce the 
poor can very ill afford to have any of 
their (mail pittances retrenched. We 
Tirill alfo venture to affert, that the 
leaves of the alh are full as wholefomc 
as thofe of the tea-tree, which, like 
moft other cver-greens, is at lead of a 
fuipicious, if not a noxious, quality ; not 
to mention the Ibphidicating arts of the 
fraudulent Chiiicie, to w hich the foreign 
teas are liable. 

It has been affirmed, that the leaves 
of the a(h give an ill tafte to milk, 
and therefore in dairy-farms it is not 
iufered to grow. ( Millefs Dictionary). 
But owners of land fhould not take it 
for gi anted; for this was the aext 
tree ^ftcr the cUn chat the Romatfi 
preferred for fodder (frondes) \ neither 
ioesthc fafteof afhcn leaves countenance 
|his aifcrtion. We arc far from recom- 
mending the encouraging the growth of 
any kind of timber m ax able lands, as 

it dcftrovt tnisre com ttiatk xht ViiAft, tttf 
worth ; out fome Ihould always be pre* 
ferved in pafture-grouods, rob (had'p^ 
and (keltcr to cattle : for want of thit 
provifion, the advantage of the b^ 
months in the year for pafture It oftes 
lolt> from the annoyance of heat, and 
the gad-fly. A chc;ip and expeditiont 
method of rating a plantation to affbi^ 
(hade, and (helter to caitle \A marfKes, tr 
well defcrving a premium. Oo higli 
grounds we can, from ouf own cxpcn* 
ence, recommend fir-trees the moft prfc* 
ferable of which is that pine called the 
Scotch Br, as it thrives in every foil, 
and the timber is the moil valuable *'. A 
plantation of this kind will hie eagerly 
reforted to by all foits of cattle in pre* 
ferentc to deciduous trees, as a pro* 
teflion from heat, cold, and offeoffiro 

Mr. Urban^ 

IN your laft Magazine, (p. J-if) 1 
obfervethe following remark; "Tlic 
famous line, adopted, with very HttW 
alteration by Theobald, in his IDouhle 

<* None but htmfelf, himfelf can parallel** 

is in an ephaph on CoK Giles Strange* 
Ways, of Melbury Sampford, in Dorfet- 
fliire. And Sir Wm. Temple fays of 
Casfar, " that he was equal only to him- 
felf."— 'Theobald more probably owedi 
this unlucky obligation to fomc .of hit' 
prcdeceflbrs in the dramatic line« more 
than one of whom have hazarded the 
fame injudicious illuftration. In Maf- 
fmgcr^s Duke of Milan it is laid of |^ 
Lady, that 

<< Her goodnrfs does difdaio eomparifbt^ 
'* And but herfelf admits no paraMej.'* 

So alfo Beaunfiont and Fletcher in m 
Falfe oney 

'< We talk of Man, ba^I am fare his eourage 
. *' Admits of no comparifon but ttfelf.'* 

If the thought were worth borrowing, 
one might liifpeft Sir Wm. Temple pf 
taking it from htnce ; for it is applied, 

; X— '. 

* The timber of the Scotch-fir, grcoriog? 
in this country, has bc^n broo:;ht into difre- 
pale, by being cut improperly in wibter; fira 
apprehend it (hould be frtled in fanamei^ 
when it is fulleft vf torpentioci but, \i any "^ 
of your correfpondents, from, practice aad 
experience, either here or in Norway, are 
enabled to communicate ih'e proper feafoo for 
felling it, their information would help t»' 
promote the cultivation of (hit csceedli^gly 
ufcfui tree oa barren, and wa/lc hods. 

,^ittier4q»otatioa, tgthe/ameper- Why write the t before the wordr# 
U|t\lie \KaiB compiimeh^^^ .heir, herb, lioftler, iiooour, hdlmbU 

rf^tfyu 3ut 1 ,$C;titte all that ,honeft« humour, tvhcn- it U not to be 

of refeinblaticc» is, tl]jit it U an 

O U hAve obliged the public Wirh 
vajtous anecdote*^ concefnin^r the 
late I>r. Johnfoo. Every minute cif-* 
cumOance concerning a n*An of his dif- 
tinguilhcd rminence meets. Mih a fsr- 
vouiabJc reception. Permit me, throui^ 

flatter to. ilk upoa a'r^fe oma* 

^. W. A4 

II A. It out- laDgMfge abounds 
jlitb too many cooibhants, .is in 
t .univcrial remark of our .motl 

nt writers. Why thcrefone thofe the channel of yourMa^i^ine, tocont'^ 

(UiMs^ihottld fiill be retained in 
g, which have tfofort of influcnte 
e founds cif modem fpeech* a|»A 
an abiurdity. They do but (errt 
rify f^heigncrs with their rudc> 
c appearance, and render the Eng- 
roQunciation to tiem more difficult 
aini and not only to foreigners, 
ire often a 6umbling'«block to our 

muntcate a fe\V remarks center di.-yg 
fntne parts pf hb chamber which Laf# 
not boeri generally aHendeJ to; antf 
whichf .J apprebcod, will Ue peculiarhr 
iigrceable to y<>ur religioiis readers'. 
His piety an4^evotion appear in many 
of bis mifcella.ieoiis papers. Wc haV^ 
a freih and i^nking^ evidence 

kf co^fooants, viz. /^, .4^, 9»ri 

\t', &c. Ite. Nb^, whether ibe 
nl Letters had not better be re- 
i in the following and fimilitr 

now ,_ _ ^ 

thereof In his Pri^^crs and Med*t:itiorts 
CMintrymen, particularly the Scotch juft publiflfed, ^vhich I lita-^tiU tiiih 
riih* ThU X have frequently been to be read and att^hded en by the ad« 
b to> and have often le<n'tho^, mirers qf his othet* Works, efpeciai^y 
lave not had much opportunity of fuch as are of a fccf^icnl tum of mindA 
Ig good (beakers, rid iculoufly dtf- They ti^j poilibty i^ceive crjnvi£^ion 
S their features in ende^vouniig .from ibence, that Religion is a matter 
f.ibaiid tqtbe following ^qnibina* not unworthy the' nttentldn of men tt 

fcnfc and feience 

It ippedrs fo me & thark of the gdod- 
ttcfsof Pr. John fon*«- heart, that He 
Ihouid haVe undertaken to wri^e the Life 
_ «, Of Dr. Watts i and the fhamicr in which 

I wiih to have the opinion of lie etprefles himretf concerning the 
of year learned correfpondcnts ; piety and devotion of that .Writer, 
^Qwn part> I.fee no reafon why we avoids a pleaHng Ibecimen of his 6wna 
jhere to the old fpeilini^ of thofc^ Dr. Jcihnfon has bten generally con' 
» which are remains of the harOi^ (idcred as Iflrict churphman, and even 

a bigot to the national cfiabltlbmeori 
Be that as it may, he Could diftinguifli 
true piety wherever he found it, aqd 
had candour and i^nip^rtiality to honour 
it in thofc whofe fentimsnti about modes * 
and forms were the mod difibfent from 
his c^vn. 

Some few eltpt^dions in bis JLi^ bt 
Watts may indeed be thought rather to 
favoul* t>f too much averlion to Non^ 
conformity, which theEditorf of it has 
remarked iii his Motes. But thefe ex> 
preiiions are fd /ew and trifling, and the 
character he has giVcn of the Df. aad 
of his vrr;tiDgs fo gfeat, that thc^ 

----- ^^ .7^_ - -• ■ 

ral, and nafal pronunciation of our 
cred anceftors. 

:i. Cod, Piei, &Ci Pi^geon, 
c,.&c. iTnees^ iChavc, A'nife, &c. 
r, l#1rapt« IFire/ch, &c. Gna^v, 
Arc. Dm*, Condemn, &c. 
^, Cltm^, Yach/, &c. Caich, 
I, &c» KiUfiKif/, MiO, &c. 
If not ufe the F unirerrally in* 
^.pfi as denoting the Qrtck ^ > 
\f ySc gh to found/ in the words 
hy tough> &c ? why prefervc 
rat the end of the wordsT through, 
ghy .dough, neighj &c« &c. ? or 

Idiy UmiUr innovations are fuggeftod tn Mr. HeroQ*t lace ** Lector^." EDit. 
^i know not to What edition oi tne L!fe of 'Watts oar eorfelpondcnc alludcSi ti) A\\ 
tmm ef ttie '< Lives of the Poeti" hithejto poblidsed^ Dr^ Johnfon wa:. hi< oitn rdl. 
EIm tlie Life of Watts been prinred with notes, ia any detached publication ?^-«W4 
iji •pporeoity of mentioning, that Pr. Tuhnfon M stoT'" compofe the ihort fpsecti 
Saiag^ fpokc^* (fee p. 497} ) nar was Ac even acqvaintsd wish htm till fomfc ycafi 
Mtrr^* Edit. 

6o4 Jolmfotfs Life ofWMs.^^tn. Oglethc»rpe's Pamilf4 

nii&;ht, perhaps, hare been better over* 
looked. The following paffa^e is a 
proof how much the piety of his fpirit 
carried him above the prejudices of a 


''*! have mentioned his treatifes of 
' Theology as diftin6^ from his other 

* productions I but the truth is, that 
' whatever he took in hand was by his . 

* inceflfant fnlicitude for fouls convetted 

* to Theology. As pietv predominated 

* in his mine], it is di^ufed over his 

* works i under his direction it may be 

* trul^ faid, Theologiai Philofophia 

* ancillatur, Philofophy is fubfcrvient 
' to evangelical inftniaioo- It is dif« 

* (icult to read a page withont learnings 

* or at lead without wiihing to be 

* better. The attention is caught by 
'indirect inftin£tioni and he that (its 

* down only to rcafon is on a fudden 

* compelled to pray. 

* Few men have left behind ftrch 
•purity of chara£l«r, or inch monu* 

* ments of laborious. piety. He haspro« 

* vidcd inAruflion rbr all ages» from 

* thofe who were ''lilping their firft 

* IclTonSy to the enlightened readers of 

* Malbranchc and Locke ; he has left 

* neither corporeal nor fpiritual nature 

* unexamined ; he ha3 taught the art of 

* rcafoning, «nd the fcicnce of the flars.* 

What Diflcntcr could have di6tated 
a higher panegyric, or what Divine 
could have penned a paflage which 
Aiould have expreffed a warmer fpirit of 
piety and devotion ? 

In the Notes fubjoincd to the New 
Edition of Johnfoh's Life of Dr. Watts, 
the writer refers (p. 17.) tQ Dr. 
Young's Fifth Satire, in which he fup- 
}K>rcs (as many others have done), that 
the Dr. alludoc to Dr. Watts's attach- 
ment to Mrs. Singer, afterwards Mrs 
ielowc, in thofe lines, *' Ifaac, a Brother 
•* of the canting train," &c. It has been 
faid, that a friend of Dr* Watts com- 
plained to Dr. Young of illiberal ity in 
fuch a pcrfooal reflexion on a man, 
whofe mule never dealt in Satire ; and 
that Dr. Young folemnly alTured him, 
he tvid no reference to Dr. Watts, but 
that he had a view to a clergyman of a 
very ditl'crent diarafter. 1 h»ve been 
informed, that in fome editions of 
Young's works this pa0age is omitted, 
but 1 never law any without it. Pof- 
fibly fome of your readers may be able 
to tiirow light upon this raatccr. 
Yours, &C. 


Mr. Urban, ^^''^^ 'T^j* 

TU E following may fervo as a rap* 
pleraent to, and corre^fon of, the 
dccoxmt of Gen. ORlethorpe't ftinfly 
in your Mag. for Junr, p. 517* if ybtt 
think it worth Vour white to ado^ tltciil. 

Sutton Oeiethorpe, the Oeneftfs 
grandfather, being fined 20^000!. by ^e 
Parliament, his eftat/es at O^ethofj^^c. 
werefequeftered, and afterUrardsgiYcfito 
Oen. Fairfax, who fold them to Rob. 
Benfon of Bramham, father of the '{xiri 
Bingley of that naiAc. 

Sir Thcophihis, his father, fe^Kt 
under the D. of Monmouth in the amir 
at Bothwelt-bridge, where an indnrec- 
tion of the Scots was ibpprefle4 12 
June, 1679 1 end commanded a party of 
horfe at Sedgmore fight, %vhere the fitd 
Duke was defeated, 6 July, 1685. Hie 
attachment to the then reigtMng family 
continued after their abdication ; and twb 
different proclamations) on lath of fuly 
1690, and 8 May i^^if were iflbed for 
apprehending him, amongft other per* 
fons fufpe6ited of correfponding with 
them. He did not diein 1701, as hia 
monument fets forth, but on the lOth, 
Aprit, 1701; and cot!/cquently, being 
then 5<Q, was born, not in 1650, but 
165 £« Member for Haflemere, 1698, 
and 1700-1. His children were,' 

r. Lewis. He did not die in tile 
izd year of his age, as we arre told on 
hie monument, but in his 24th; it being 
proved by evidence on oath before the 
Houle of Commons, 10 Nov. 1702, tha| 
he was born in February i68o-i. {See 
Carew on Elections, p. 165.) Member 
for Haflcmere in 1701. 

1. Theophilus, member for Hafle^ 
mere m 1708 and 1719. On what au- 
thority is he faid to have died before 


3. Sutton, who dM an infant in Nov* 

1693. ' , 

4. James Edward the Ger>era!: He was 
not of Chr church, but of Corp* Chrifti 
Cell, and married his wife, not in 17^4, 
as in your Mag. p. 51^ > but, as in the 
Obituary^ 1744* Sept. 15. 

5. Ann, who died unmarried. 

6. Eleanor, who married the Man}, 
de Mczicis, 5 Mar. 1707*8, and died 
28 Jun. 1775, ^^' 9*- ^* P* 

7. Frances Charlotte^ who married 
the Maiq. dc Qcllcguard, and had ilTi^ey 
now living, viz. the prefeot Mar^uii of 
that name. 

S. Mary, who died lingle. H, 0« 


M&« U&B Alf» lime-Aoae boctom ; and in the quarries are 

IN in Eflay on Piiii6bation, lately found (everal fom of very fine marble, 
publUbedt we have the following of various flours, as black, black and 
now: ** The oelebrated Chronicle of the white, a li^ht chocolate with white, red, 
Afijondei marbles is faid to have been and purple veins; they all take a very 
pagnwtd «43 years before the Chriftian 6ne poltih, in but this unimproved coun* 
asra.«^But is there ao room to qucAion try are feldom oreverufed. In the black 
its authenticity ?*• A writer in your laft and white are great numbers of trochite^ , 
Magaaine, p. $10, wiihes to be in- which, when pollihcd, appear beauti^il : 
Conned^ *' what foundation there is for the rocks l)ctween Newton Baching-place 
tbia furmifc;" The author of the EiTay and the O^mon, or Bridgent river, (cem 
U at prcicnt engaged in Ibme avocations to be only vaft mafTes of trochites. Tro- 
safavourable to fpeculations -of this chites are alfo found in great plenty in 
kindi but he. will certainly take the the earth detached from the rock. Mag^ 
firft opportunity to pav a refpedful at- /r^« a mineral, faid to be a principal in* 
tencton to the requeft of your polite Kredieotin the fincft forts of glafs, is dug 
correlpondenti and will, either in your here in great plenty; here are aHb fome 
mifcdlany, or in a feparate publication, veins of lead and calamine, 'Veifels from 
aflign his reafons for this curfory en- theoppontecoaflsof SomeifetandBevon 
i|uiry. [See p. 628.] Yours, &c. carry from hence large quaoritics of ftone 

The AUTHO& of the Essay, for fjme, which is the whiceft lever fawf 

and it is faid to be of an upcomroon fer« 
Mr. Urb^K, Jufy 10. tilizing quality for ground. From New. 

'"OUR inftnl£kive^Co^^e^pondent, ton Down, nprthward of the village, you 
Ct^QaQ^ p. 328, of this year's have very fine profjpccls Ixxh of the vale 
Ma^zine, having met with no anfwer and mountains of Ulamorgan, of the fine 
to his enquiry, about a plate of (alt laid htih, woods, and park of Margam, the 
en the doceafedj t will venture to in- Knoles of Briton-ferry, the t»wn of 
form him (after I have bid him re- ^wanfevi^ 10 miles diAant, and of Mun^* 
colled, that the feat vf the interment bles rocks ftili farther wcftwardi and^ 
was in church), that it wfts a cuftom in over the Briftol Channel, delightful views 
Leicefter, and its fliire, yet continued, of the romantic coafl of Somerfct, Devon, 
to place a di(U or plate of fait on a and part of Cornwall. Newton has all the 
€orp(e,to prevent its ('welling and purg- requifitcK of nature tomake it aflourifhing 
'ingf as the term' is. To account for the place, bein^ n fca-port in a rich country, 
partial corrniion of the pewter, that it abounding in all the produ6(ions of Great 
prevailed chiefly on the margin of the Britain, m the greatcft plenty and per- 
plate, and fo dightly in its calix, we fc^tion, whether vegetable, animal, or 
may fuppofb it wgs protedcd by i's mineral. B^t the VVellh have no ideas 
faline folotents from the a£^ion of the of, or tafte for, trade and commerce, a 
mofbid maner; for the effluvia of fait light hair-brained people, like their an- 
may pervade or overflow its container ceftors the Gauls, from whom, with the 
or charger, as readily ' as magnetic French (a iimilar people), they are chiefly 
virtue ; and the lips of the plate pofiefs- defccnded } content with the necelTaries 
ing little or no preventive fait ; the of life which their country affords them 
fanies was at liberty, itirg, to cflcft the very plentifully, they attend but little to 
greater imprpifion. Yours, &c. what we pall the elegancies of it ; or what 

W» BlCK^aSTAFFE. is, in fome inflances indeed abfurdly e- 

Dough, called the Comforts of Life.^ A 

Mt. UjiBAHf Ajf»4> «78j. particular neatnefs is, however, the cha- 

If the following account of Newton, m ra£terofGlamor|;anlhires they white- wafh 

. Glamorgan, additional to that in your their handfomc flone-built cottages with« 

• Ifft (p. so**)» ^^y ^ thought wonh out as well as within, three or four times 

|he notice of your readers, the infcrtion a year; and the ouifides of their out- 

oif it, when convenient, in your enter- houfes as barns, 2rc. and even their pig- 

uiniog Mifcellany, will oblige a con» flies, with the walls of their courts, gai* 

ftaot reader. dens, &c. And by molV of thefe cotragei 

TH E landfcapes about Newton are you fee good kitchen and neat little flower 
dtveriifled and very pleating, altho' gardens ; and, in the caflern parts of the 
theie is a fcarcity of wood; hot the foil vale of Glamorgan, every cottage almof^ 
is very good and healthy, and has a mofl has an oichard. Tike v?]c-or Glamorgan 
beautiful turf of Uu: finefl herbage, on a extends, from the town of JAtravan^ 

6^' Hijortcal FarticuJars ^ ihmton^ Ar OlsimorgBfrfKIi^. 

clevfD m\U% wcffl of Newton, aloni; the 
ScTcrn etflward ^s far as (he river Rum- 
a;;y, which parts this roantry frpm Man- 
iTioudifliirt) in length about tl^iny^-five 
miles, and, on an «vera^, al*om tep 

uins, in the northern pettt of QltfMir* 
gan, are very rich in their foil, bdnid[ 
manured hy every dnnQdcrable (Kowei of 
rain, caufine the watert to deCenid' 
them from the adjaeent hillfv htatmtnk 

n>iles wide, a ver)^ fertile track of counr with t)>c vt|retahle ffttf^ attdfine ptraekc 

trv, for ips fruitfuineffi called the Gaidcn of earth, leaving over the furface of tfacr 

oX Wales, The wheat is equal to the lower grounds a chin covering or IUi» of 

htd in the kingdom ^ their excn rery impalpahie matter, which foon iocorpo^ 

large, and, Mngufed in teams, their beef rtres with the furface of the grouiKL 

is rcip^rkablv tender, and marbled, and, Thefe valleys are generally very beaott* 

IQ general, greatly fuperior in flavour to ^1, and, together with their (ortifytn^ 

\\^c foiped s^nd pver-farrcned beef oi Lon? hills, exhibit fome of the fineft laodfcapes 

ilQn f the faille may i>e rai4 of theii fine* «n the world ; the bottoms 6ne meadowat 

^^oured mutton : this uncommop gop4.- triced bv clear rivers or brooks; theiidee 

xief> of provifion is not, however, pcr.\)}iat a divei^6ed fcene of (loping lawns, af^ 

tf) ^liainorgan, for tl)e fame mav be laid cending woods, and hanging rocks, frooi 

of all Qiht-r parts of the kingdom where 
the <fj:l is a limerflone loam (as it is 
throqgh the valeof Glam'rgan), cfpe- 
cial Iv Cilcjccrter, boniet let, Warwick, and 
Wilrs fillies. 1 forgpr, in a pn-pcr place, 
XP mention thar Newton Down is famous 
lor a fmall bfccd of (lieep, whofe fleeces 

whence trinklev many a clear and cafca^ 
ding rill, wbild from their upper regibnt 
are heard the fongs and whiAlin^ of 
genuine fhepherds. .Tbefe mountains a* 
hound in rich veins of coal an^l iron ; and 
here are many furn.accs. for fmelting the 
iron belonging to Englilh companies, for 

%re fai<) to Ix: ihe f^ned in Wales and the Wclfii trouble themfelves |>ut little in 

^qual tp the fii^cfl in England : this palm ch* fe matters. Their coals are exportc4 

U, howev.'r, drfputeii h\ Oemore Downs in v^ft (|uantities from the ports of Abe« 

So the n-.Mglil>onrhood I Golden Mile, Sc ravan, Neath, Swanfea, *Bury, &c A 

Maty Hiil, and Stallion Downs, in thi'. romantic paifion fo** poetry prevails a-r 

count) . mong the Welfhrand fongs are wrtiten oq 

The nqi them parts of Glamorgan fwell every accident of life; and fcarce a vil* 

into hi^h mountains, covered over witli lage but has its poet, who is generally % 

fiicep and imall black cattle, that, in v. in- very gieat favouiite with the youpg peor well as iumnicr depend alone for -pie of iMth fexes : be writes their Igver 

food on tiie heathy and gti^rfy furface of longs, gives laws to their rural diverfions^ 

the ntountain'ii thcfe mountains, whi;rc a 5:c/; and i am told, that the Euglifb 

lirdc cultivation has with difficuhy pcnc- niifcr is generally a favourite theme pf 

tractd, produce good corn, and exhibit iatiic amongil thi-m. Their mifcr it al« 

proots of (ufRcKuc fertility, were the ways an Eiigliflin^n, bait large ftitps, 

natives ieufibjc of liic advanui;es accru- ilore-houfes, liouks of accounts^ iro% 

ing fioui proper culiiyation ; one obdacle chctts, an attornev in his employinent, 

to this, it n'>ufl l>^ owne«i, is their itecp !^c, and U a very haughty and opprclfive 

alcents, which ns^kts ir difficult tor teatps 
and carriages to ytiU and woik j i>ut it it 
. >\'ell known v\hat remedies for this in* 
convenience indufliy has found out in 
the mountaioous pansot (sniriaod. Pro- 
b'Jdv ti»e VVcllh language, uhich is riic 
vctt^acular ^on^^ue, and which Was in it 
h\it, lew, if anv lH>oks on conni^cice, 
agriciiUure, Sic, may be tl>c o\-eateil obiU* 

n^an. Thi.H account was given mc by a 
mountaineer of gf>od fenfr: and fonw learn* 
int{. I. am lold, hy the l^in^e peifon, that 
the fucccirron of the ancient Welih bards, 
^^r mmltichi, is rot entirely extin£^ { of 
thi<( 1 intend nuking fuithcr enquiries, 
if 3 few oblcrvbiions on the manners, 
cutlf>ms, &c. of this race of people, de« 
iccnduiits uf the Aborigines of our ifland> 

fie to improvements amongi! the VVelib, and icrainers oftheir ancient Celtic Ian 

f »r (hev arc in general an indiinriou> guage in a (late of original purity, per^ 

people in rhcr old ways; reiti'^rkatdv in* haps unnmallcd by any otiier nation^ 

hanccd \:\ ihi>, that, in moi\ pans of the canbeof anv tntertaimenttoyourreadcrSf 

cour.tiy. ihev tiiink it the greatctl dif* I will occalionally communicate theou 
grace i'm^giuahle to apply to a parifli for *»,/»• This corrcfpondeuc's offer will 

retiet in any diilrefs, he ir ever lo great i be highly acceptable/— Of Newton WeUy 

an<l, looner than do (o, will to (Ice our lalV, p. 502) the. only account 

avfjuire a fcaniy fubfiltcnce by labour,, we recpllect to have fecn in priikt is ia 

even when di(ea(e and death exhibit Newbery't Defcriptiim of England mid 

their hoihd hues ii> 'heir faces. Walti^ vol. IV. p. 79. 
Sume nt the valleys between the moua* <* Ac Newton^ North*we{l of the Og* 


Newton Wdl'.« ' S fi UN rfi «»i HMUg* 


t9 foct ifl ciitittnitreiice, tiie whtet 6f 
crMch ifiokfy at high rkte, oeairly ro the 
bocttMiy and ar ^e elibifle of thp fea it 
ndm alNMArifo'th^ brim, ni order co ac- 
coDBrftir this f^lis^nomenoa, it has been 
fuppofMli that ft hi^ water, the air ija 
the wins of the fpnnf; pov being^ar li- 
hmtf to circulate bv ict beinfr pent up, 
the water it prevented from itfuing out ; 
hnf» when the fea retires from the ihore, 
and trees thpie natural aqu^d'j^s frofii 
tbefe obArudiofls, the w$ut if ^C liberty 
p9 iiTue through then).*' 

AS' the following (hi^ras on Humt* 
IKO were received at a time when 
* dur limi<$ were fo contraAcd as to 
""bear no proportion to the numerous 
eofinributions of our correfpoo- 
de ts it was » rhat, and that only* 
that the enlargement of our Magav 
fine ^ra^owin^ ; and as it was ever 
our ^tntk to encourage writers who 
have the publie good in view, we 
sow chhiK k our duty occa6ona1ly 
codifchak^ our obligations when- 
ever wia cai| accommodate the fub« 
. jeGt 80 'the intentions of the wri* 

OUR hikm^ne corRfpocdent, after re- 
sparking generally on the cruelty of 
harrafling a poor animal for fix or eight 
hours tog^tlMMT by men, hor(es,and doj^, 
takes occalion to glance at the afpciatid 
kMMtSf hy which ,laod*owners and farmers 
arc alike fubjcft to injury and inful:. 
[He might have included the farcical 
IMiJw tMmt on £pping Foreft, which is 
ever attended with much mifchief. ] 

•* Itis,** he fays, *« very common ( ac leaft 
in the North ct iLngland) for young fel- 
lows jud entered inro bufinefs, attorneys' 
clerks, and a)>prentices to opulent tra- 
ders, to club TO a pack of hounds. Few 
l^ge manufa^uring towns are without 
theie fubfcri prion packs, though th^y 
are a motl - intolerable nuifance both to 
town and countrj*. For as tlie finances 
of tbefr gentry are -but fieocler, they are 
qbitged to quarter the hounds upon their 
dtfpententiy who moft of them having, 
larre families^ which they are hard let 
to fupporty cannot be fuppofed to have 
muchfpare meat for dogs; conftquent* 
ly, thay are luilf ftarved, and often run 
i^iid* And in the country, the damage 
whicK la done -by a cumber of focit- 
pi.oplc»- poaetiea, and timorous ill- 
mounted horfeinen, is rery great : and 
fbouid the ftrmer or countrjr gentleman 
Ctatplaiuj though in the mildclt mack- 

ner, of th|K injvriet tbcf do him, it it 
great odds but he meets only with dathSf 
tnltats, or infults» fnmi thefe young un« 
prineipted bloods, whO| inftead of re« 
f raining, endeavour to do him more mif« 
chirf, to ibew their fplrit. And as thcfe 
people are the mod rroublefome, fo tlity 
are the greateft dedroyers pf the gamcf 
and the mod Q^grant poachers* A 
brace or two of hares a day is fcarcely 
thought fufiicient that cfcry member 
may have his (hare. The lord of the 
manor,,though he mull injure'his neigh« 
hours bv hunting, is infinitely the better 
of the two, foi he hunts an hour or two 
only for diverfion, has corn and fences 
of his own, and therefore knows the 
damages that cartlelfocfs occafions. He 
al fo ndes with more fpirit, having been 
under the immediate and improving tui- 
tion of the huntfman or groom ever 
fmce he left the nurfery i and generally 
clears the fence, which the unqualified 
gentry above defcril)cd, to purfue tiieir 
Iports, 'mud break down. Hence the 

•^ Horfes and dogs kept for diverfion 
are certainly the mod proper obje£^s of 
taxation, and ought long fince to have 
contributed towards fupporting our etaor^ 
moui burthens. When almod all tlie 
necelfaries of life are taxed, it is time 
rvery fpecies of amufemeot and diver- 
fion Ihould be taxed too. The fcarcity 
ot game is a matter of great complaint 
among the '* petty fcigneurs}" and, not- 
withdanding all their efforts and fevc- 
riry, they know the numl>er of poachers 
is daily increafint;. A heavy tax upon 
dogs (ccms to be tlte only means to prt- 
ferve the game, beCaufc ncithrr fporcf- 
mnn nor poacher can hurt them much 
wiihout the aflidancc of fporting dogs. 
The number of packs of houiid^i in 
England might l)e afcertaincd near c- 
nough for calculating the produce of a 
tax, if the officer^ of exciie, or any pa- 
ri (h officers, were ordered to icrurn an 
account of the hounds kept in their rc- 
fpe^Hve diflrifts And if our mPniftry 
would take this matter into confide ration, 
they might raife a greater fum tlian is at 
prefent apprehended, by laying a tax of 
to!, per annum upon all piivate packs, 
and 2ol. upon thufe cnmmou nu:r4nces 
the hounds kept by fubfciipiiur:. At 
the fame time, pointen, greyhounds, and 
every fpecies of ganyi^dogs, might pay 
one guinea, or more, per anouii). A. 
tax of this kind would not atfc^ the 
poor, or the induOrious and ufcttu^*^ 
of the commuoitVy which \^ \ 

Mr. Dttck^t's Ligacf.—bim^aff 9f Engfrdvim. 

ONninendttioii of any tax ; it would 
tcpd more to preserve the game than 
■ioft mfaier fchemes, and is not likely to 
-^^t with oppofition from any, qxcept t 
wi^ fox-hunters, poachers, or the very 
Jpt9al>te members of » nuirketHOWA 

Mr. Urban, 

IN anfwer to the que(!ions In yo^ir A» 
prit Magazine, p. 287, concerning 
the le^jicv left to wonicq-fervants in the 
pfiiilh of St. Aiictrcw, Holborn, I can 
•f>\v inform vou thit one Mr. Ifaac 
2}^Kct^ fonne time in tlie lad century, 
by wiHt 1<^^^ to trufhies an ef^ate at Ciay^ 
ilofrl,.in Kent, which, I am inforipcd, at 
f jrcfcnt hringi in a clear rent of 3^1. per 
•ivnum, ano likely to be further in)- 
proircd, wluch is evcrv year divided a* 
loongd fuch \vomeDrrervants as have 
.hvcd refpc£^ivdy in the pari Ihes of St, 
Andrew, Holbur;i, and St. Clement 
Danes, five yc^rs at the lead in the fame 
|4<«ce, and married therefrom in thar 
year, vtho claim the fame ; and the rent 
Is thus divided ct^u^Uv hetxycen the two 
paii(h(-s, and U conftantly paid, and 
faithfully applied, by the trudces, wh« 
yearly puhlifn an account thereof in thq 
c)iiirch, ihat it may ht dhe better known, 
I Brul this Mr. Ifaac Ducket alfo gave 
to the church and poor of St, Andrew, 
Hollvorn, 4col- but whether ih his life- 
time, or by his will, \ do nut know. 


M K . Ur B A Ny ^i*S^fl 1 3«. 

WHliN a man undenakes to write 
a hillory, he (houhl not futfer 
Kimfelf to Ik: led aflray bv Hftrning 
with partiality to the ili^latts ot his 
friends, btit ihould reft entirely upon the 
fohdiiy of his own judgement. No 
tk>uljt much information may \tc gained 
by a frieaclly iiuercouife with men cf 
genius \ but an author fhould always l>e 
upon his guard, and weigh with mature 
deliberation the obrcr\'aiions of his 
friends before he commits them to the 
pre If. 

The pubh'c will pay very Kttle attcn* 
tion 10 an hiOorv, if, in any part of it, 
the author fuHcrs himietf to be impoled 
upon, and diawn into abfurdities and 
falfchoodv, by the •* ingenious imcrpre- 
'' tation of • worthy friend." In vain 
may the author fuopofe, that *' upwardf 
*« of twenty year^xpcrience will plead 
" in fax our of his judgement ;**'in vain 
may he '* hope to claim lome ihare of 



i|Kia1g«M% ;*' or invvtin m«y hfc al* 
feit« that he ^' conilaotlyvfpeakt u htt 
<« fcfU * :*> the fNiblic ¥^ll jud^ for 'm* 
felf , and mull conclude, that hit fnen4« 
ihip with Dr. Monro has sot btfeo of tlw 
mem foeial kind, or that he has profit^ 
very little by the Do^r*s aiiiftance. 

Thefc thoughts, Mr Urban, occurred 
to me on a flight perufa) of Mr. Strutt'a 
Biographical Dictionary of Engravers 
juft publiihed : a work certainly much 
wanted in this counirv« hut fmm whidi^ 
i fear, little information will be gained 
by the cnnnoid'eur or the colleAor, thq 
author's want of information appears fo 
glaringly upon the very faceof it, and with* 
out which nectjQary ingredient a work of 
this kind can be of very trifling confer 
quence indeed, little mofc than a cata* 
Ic^ue of names,*«exclufive of the enops 
which appear through ^(t. I fli all, with 
your leave, Mr. Urban, at fome futuro 
opportunity, point out a few puticularsv 
For tlie prefent 1 iball content myfelf 
with miking an obfcrvation upon" the 
print, plate V. inferted in that work. 

Mr. Strutt favs 1 " Tlic fubjd5V of 
** this print is certainly^ emblematical, 
<< |t rcprcfe^ts the en^raTer at work» 
*< and Hercules it (landing before him, 
** fupporting the univerfe upon his 
<* Ihoulders, to ^ow that all vifible ben 
'* ings are the obje6ls of the arti(l*t imi- 
'* tation. By the 6gure of (ierculet is 
^^ teflified that labour and Ar^ngth of 
^ mind which are necclf'ary (o at rive at 
^* perfc£lit)n. The l>ook, the fphtre, 
^* and oihjr emblems of leaniixig, ?rfc tq 
** fhtfw us that the aitifl ought to be a 
** man of fcicncc ; and he is rtprcfent^d 
'* as an oKi nian, bccaufe a confulerahlc 
** length of time is ncctifary for fludy 
'* and pt^£ticc before he can be fuppofed 
** to arrive at any very iugh dcgrve of 
'* excellecce. The foregoing ingenious 
" interpretation of this print \ owe to a 
** worthy friend ; as alfo fcveral other 
" important obfcrvatiuns which occur in 
" the courfe of the Effay t,** 

So far Mr. Strutt*s friend !——-iBut 
how it could poilibly enter the head of 
any reafonable being, that thtK print re- 
prcfcrtcd an engraver at work is to mc 
altogctiter unaccountable, un|efs Mr. 
Strutt fancies every thmg he reads ii^ 
Holy Writ relates to engravers, and 
every print he fees is an engraver at 
work. If the boailcd obfervations made 

♦ Preface, p. vii. 
\ Chap. VI. p. %i* 


SiriAarHiH Mri S^rutf s Diifhnafy if Bngrgfkrs^ toy 

hf Mr. Stnitt*9 wordiy trieiul,. Jn the 
floarlb of dte. work,' tte not more fol- 
fOfttUMy ar ac tMft more to the purpofe, 
dutfB fh^ preieou It it M wonder Mr. 
Vefbifcliat be^ ltd iirtD fo many errors. 
For* l» the |Atii:et etfe, thb print feeMs 
to ftMk fo pliiD for icfelfy one woul4 
Abfc k hnpomblcto be iftift«ke», or lit 
Icftft tfiit in esphnition fm sbfurd tod 
'<«idiai1out iuMild be giiren of it| ind 
more {o» (bat Mr. Struct hoM «oa(irm 
th» ideiy and fuKer his friend's Doofeofe 
to triumph over ** his judgement^and 
** twenty years ezperieMSr." 

I ftoold like to alk Mr. Scnit^ if, 
during chit period, he ever once fat 
under a tree lo the open air to engrave. 
But Mr. 8trutt*s friend forgot, or did 
mat diicover, the tite, and the implc* 
flpenca hanging upon it t he has only ex* 
pinned a part of the prinu If he bad 
obferred the other part, we may fuppofe 
he would have f;rave1y cold ua, that the 
engraver was alio a (poftfman, and had 
hung hit bow and c|uiver on the tree 
whim he worked at hit plate, and, when 
he was- tirod of engraving, he would de- 
4fe Hercules to lay down the globef and 
reft Himfclf, whilft he went to fboot 
fone game • for tlysir dinnervw— ^ - Mr. 
Scrntt! Mr. Scnttt! 

However, Mr. Urban, to be ferk>us, 
4uid as I know you are a true lover of 
nntiqaicies, and conceiving the print in 
qoettion to be not only very ancient, but 
beautiful in its cbmpoQtion and ejiecu« 
tion, I will venture to give you my fim- 
ple ideas of k s they perhaps ihay not 
be quite (o ingenious as thofe of Mr. 
Strutt's friend, but I hope you will 
think them full as much to the pnrpofe. 
The figure fitting, then, does not re^- 
. lent an engraver at work, but an ancient 
nhilofopher Attentively employed in mak- 
ing bis obfcrvacicms on the works of 
nature t his drels and figure amply dc< 
note his charader, and the large book, 
compallcs, fphere, and rule, placed be* 
fore l)im, are ^uly chaiadenflic Im* 
mediately at his back is the (lem of a 
large broken tree, upon which hang a 
bow and quiver full of arrows, ancient 
fliields, and other warlike inllruments, 
- to (hew that war, nature's fevercfl ene- 
mjt will break down and dcllroy her 
faireft works f the remembrance of 
which being an impediment to philofo* 
fhical puriuits, is with the greatcA pro* 
pnety placed out of view, in order that 
full fcope may be given the imagination 
to penetrate into the works of nature, 
Which aie pUccd diredly before him in 

t beautiful «nd fbikiifg manner; Mwa 
bein? confidcved as the principal oljeA^ 
an Hercules Is therefore' repi^lented (up- 
porting the dniverfe, upon which n de* 
lineated the rifiog or the fon, goti^ 
down of the moon^ waurs, l&o^9ltaifllS« 
&c. &c. The form and outtiae, es wdl 
as every odier part of the tfempofitioa^ 
is delicately and beautifully touthedf and 
would be no difcredit ta many artifts of 
the preient day, whofc conceit kals 
them rfdicuoluily to fuppofe, that the 
fummit o( perfection in the art ^ de« 
fign eoofifh in twifting and torturing 
the human figure into every horrid acd« 
tude their fancy and folly can poifiblf 

1 beg your pardbo, Mr. Vfban, for 
taklnsrupfo much of your encertainii^ 
and uTeful lepofitory j and for the pce- 
fenc muft take my leave of you and t4xm 
Bcrutt* " • M. 

P. S. I ihould be glad to be infonoed 
why Mr. Strutt fpells the name of Ver* 
tue die engraver with an r, .inftead of la 
#1 thus, ** Vfrtue," throughout his boek 
where Uiat name occurs. Docs he foncy 
Vertue was fo great a blockhead as not 
to know how to foell his own name f 
I rather think G. Vertue Was, wirhotc 
exception, a better antiquary, and knew 
as well what he was about, as any 
modern engraver, however well he may 
be ikilied in Hebrew, Greek, or Latin. 


IB^G leave, by the nr.jans of yonr 
Magazine, to communicate cp the pub- 
lic in general, and to offer to the cnn* 
fideration of the faculty in parttculai;^ 
the following extraordinary circuraftanoe^ 
In making a vault lately in an aide cf.A 
panfli church belonging to a family in 
the wed of England, the remains of a 
body, buned more than forty-one years 
ago, were found with two lumps oif far 
as big as a man's di^f very while an4 
hard, as if it had been melted and cla- 
rified : there were feveraf other thinner 
pieces, of the fame colour and coufif- 
tence, a<ilieTing to pieces of flefli of a 
very bright red colour, Uiog by the 
lower part of the back 'bone; the lumps 
of fat were higher, about the middle of 
the body : the flelh in every o:her part 
was entirely reduced to dufi. There 
being no vault, though it has been the 
family burying-place for many ages, the 
body was buried »in the eanh; but the 
cofiio was placed on three large (loncs, 
the bottom of which was entire, the co« 
fcr broken and fallen in, and tlie oiv 

4di teice^rfliirfe Jiua6^es.r^i$o^.r^ifttitiufiu 

iiaincnti tlttioft at hnght at whtn /fifft 
pot oo. The fdl it gnivclly tod wet, 
which may be. the caufe of the )fle(h 09^ 
being decayed f and the pcHba d^ing of 
the gotic» which is gctoecally afoeoded 
with a high fefer, mav peihapt in fome 
neaAire account for cne ibte in which 
the fat was^fouDd : hut the eaufe of tl^e 
flefli Teuining t Bond colour it not, 
.probably, foeafily to be accounted for. 
Howerer, if any of your raadert will 
give their opinion of this matter, and 
oodeavour to account for this, as it is ap« 
prehendcd» Tery uncommon appearance, 
through the fame channel as this is com- 
municated to themr it will oblige your 
conflant reader, A. B. 

N. B. The perfooy .whofe remains 
are above fpoken of, was rathtr corpu* 
lent, but by no noeant zcmarkably hL 

Mk. Urban, Leic^ir^ Ai^, »6. 

IN your partlh regiflers of Lcicciter, p. 
487, St. Margaret's, ** much field " 
is faultily omitted. St. Leonard 't rates 
are Ss. 9d, not- 8s. aloiie« St. Martin's 
36, not 39 burials. 

An extra£^ from the old parifii regifter 
of Aylefton, LeiceAerihire. ** How the 
tegifter for marriaffcthath been difconti- 
nued in this hooke, I knowe not \ I 
conjtf£^ure fome leauct haue bene torne 
cnit in the unruly times of warre. 
^hen I entred uppon this . parfonage,** 
faith good maifter Tovey, re£^or of 
Aylefton, ** marriages were (by I know 
not what order) taken out of the hands 
of the miniftcrs, and put into the hands 
of jufliees of peace. But now, about 
the moneth of Tune, 1657, tlierc came 
out an t£t which impowereth miniftcrs 
agayne to marry." 

Mr. Tovey commenced incumbent of 
A>lcllon living the latter end of June, 
1654 ; and was buried Sept. 9, 1658. 

On the firfl leaf at one end of this pa- 
riih regiiler, before the coUedVions on 
briefs, which begin Auguil 19, 1659, 
in this book, is, " Anno Domini 1656, 
John Townlend married before a judicc, 
Wtillam Notme married in the fame 
manner. William Panlcy L." 

P. 489 Deatli^ of the Bowrings pa- 
ralleletl, from n. %o of St. Mary's paiilh 
regifti r, Leicctter. 

•* Chnltian, the wife of Tht'^mas 
Vnocman, t>urieU 9th of July, i6ii. 
Thomas Va<leman, buried 27ttii)f July. 
Edwaod fonne oi I Lonias Vademiin, bu- 

♦ See Fcbium i^itft. l«ft» p VSt cou u 
U&nta a i aoa p. 1071 col* i. ie^on 3* 

;>ricd A«uft,«. ..^HBfllge fy 

.mM yaf}emnn,fh»wd A' 
.maS'founeof T^bqf^^^i 
aa of Aiwu^^' 

.tbe wtathecco^ of ^ fa,_^ . .__ .- ,^^ 
to the .grottiyl, is j^i iMJh aqd .a t^W/c 
.fqiwre, «)|d .y.cwt. at » ^giiiq^t ^cr,cM. 
, furnUbtd.bgr the uadfwTer viil^^ribpnt 
.tlie fpire. 3ee the Hifliffigr qf 4|a .^(1 
-it^fe ypLiLUI. p. M». 

W. BlClL9AtT4fJr X* 

Mr. Urbam, 

A'S vou have , mentioned ;Dr« Jqhn* 
» (on,*s partiaiinr to Mr. Bai^« 

.give me leave ro obferve^ th4tAIr..Ai-» 
Itrtti- is .unworthy of any parti^Ii^y frofn 

.Britona; -for though, in his MiuiytpaJf- 

.iifoHtmJt he fpeaka of B^gUiul uA 
•Bngliibrnen with that great regaid wlii^ 

.he, who has been fo well received amoir^ 
Qs, ought, yet, when he nsrumed to h|s 
native country, he.publiihed a numbtt 
of ftuniliar letters there, addrelT^d to.bts 
two brothers^ wherem he fays, <*XKiivdoil 
i« the fink of. Europe; that the cofomon 
pn)(litutes are children of ten years of 
age { and that on Sundays men are 

E laced at the corners of the ftreeu. to 
urry away to jail all kinds of difor- 
derlv people." It is fome.yearafinoe I 
read thofe letters, and therefore do not 
remember many particulars ; bttt| upan 
the whole, I do aver^ that he has repre* 
Tented England, and London in parti* 
cular, not as it really is, or then was, but 
as he wifhed it to be. It was, however^ 
in this link of Europe, where he ftabbed 
a man to death, and where he was tried 
and acquitted of murder.-*Mr. .fi. is an 
adept at a tranflation ; did it is wiihcd 
he would favour the publick with a 
tranflation of his familiar Letters, 
wherein he gi^es his nal opinion of 
England and of Engliihmen. 

Yours, &c. Anti-Jansi* 

Mr. Urban, Strtmd, Jn^. 10. 

AS your Corcefpondeat M. p. 413, 
feems defirous of obtaining focne 
trace of the identity of Mr. Chambcrt 
and Mr. Macbcan, who were fome time 
pad engaged in publiHiing a Mihury Dic- 
tionary, I beg leave to hint tbe proba* 
bility, that Co). Forbes Macbean, of the 
Roval Anillerv, Woolwich, may be one 
ot the gentlemen alluded to. T. R« 

P. 55 ^. col. I. 1. 4. F§r * perts* r. * forts* 
—P. 573. col. 1. L I a. from bottom, Jor 
< H^ckel.' r.HenckrIl.— P.^7c. cia.2. lr>l. 
/tr * Cayej' r, ^ Caj' 


OU AU^Houfis and Dandisg^Scho^is dtfiribid^ 

V^Ri WartOD, in hh Hiftory of Eng- 
jNjl lifli Poetry, vol. II. p. 39, obfeivcst 
thac the ixlehratcd. woik of itgidius, De 
E^igbmni Princifum^ was <* tniDilated 
early into Hebrew, Frenchy «nd Italian." 
H< afterwards adds, *< The Italian trar^f-. 
Ifriqn was printed at Seville, in folio, in 
i^94. Traniladar de X^ttin en Romance 
Don Bernardo dbifpo de Ofma: im- 
IffefTopor Mcynardo Ungut Alemano et 
btaniflao Pdlono Companerof." This 
ingcniuas cmic will cxcuft me for rc- 
tnindioz him that he has committed a 
froall miftake in calliq^ this an Jtaiian, 
which it really a Spant/b^ tranflarion. 

P. 41, 1^ If of the fame volume, for 
« i-jeo" read *• 1460.*^ 

Perhaps the following epigram of An*' 
tlfaier may be thought noc foreign to 
the fobjc£l which R^ottnfis has cJifcufTed 
in your Maga2ine for January lad, pp. 
1 1 and 1 2 : 

M^^iiW tJto^ «to«* iJ* ii tl /*iF i»j 

"O^a^ TO ^' ilf mouhn tu^ah &VfA* 

flee Bmnck's Anale^, vol. II. p. ii?- 
Yours, &c. D. X. 

CHAAACtERS ixirtiSfJfrom ** Lon» 
*• don and tbi Country carbonadoed,** 
(Ctneiudtd Jrom our taft, p, 539.^ 


IF thefc houfcs haue a hoxe-bulh, or an 
old poQi it is enough to fhow their 
prrifeffiion. But if thcv bee graced with 
a figne com pleat, it's a Ugnc or good cuf* 
tome: In ihcfe houfcs yoU (hall fee the 
hiftory of Judeth, Sufanna, Daniel in the 
LvoDs Den, or Diucs and Lazarus paint- 
ed vprtn the wall. It may bee reckoned 
a wonder to fee, cr find the h<ufc emp- 
ty, for culicT the pailon, churchwarden, 
orclaik, or all, arc doing fome church 
or court liufinefic vfuallv in this place. 
Thevthriue bell where there arc fcwcO j 
It is the ht»n\ chicteft pride to beefpcak- 
ing of fuch a gentleman, or fuch a gailant 
that wa^ hwic. and will bee againe ere 
Jong:' Hot wVathcr and thuncter, and 
wan^ of company arc the iiotlelfcs j^cfc, 
for then her ale? lowrtrs: Your diinke 
vIvaHv is very voung, t\Vo daies olJe : 
her chicfufl weakh i> feenc, if ihc can 
haue ooL brewing vridcr'anuthcr : if ei- 
ther I he hotltHe^ or her daughter, or 
iBft«klc will kiile handfoiiicly ai*paiting, 
H iv.a good-lhtfoing-horne or bird-lime 
to diaw the company ihitlier againe die 
GXNT. M40« Aunufif 1715. 


fooner. Shee mod bee courteous to al1« 
though not by nature, yet by her profef« 
(ion; for ibee mud entertaine all, good 
and bad ; tag, and rag ; cut, and long* 
tayle: Shee fufpe^ tinkers and poore 
fou Idlers mod, not that they will not 
drinke.foundly, but that they will not 
iuftily. Shee mud keepe totich with 
three forts of men, that isi the malt* 
man, die baker, and the ju(tices clarket* 
Shee is merry, ind half mid, upon 
Shroue-tucfday, May-daies, fead-dayes^ 
and morrice- dances: A good ring d£, 
bells in the parilh helpes her to many a 
teder, fbe prayes the parfon may not be 
a puritan : a bag-piper, and a puppet*^ ' 
play brings her in birds that are fluih^ 
fhee defies a wine-tauerne as an vpdare 
outlandifl] fellow, and fufpe£ts the wine 
to bee poyfoned. Her ale, if new^ lookea 
like a miily morning, all thicke \ well, if 
her ale bee drong, ner reckoning right, 
her houfe clcane, her fire good, her face' 
faire, and the towne great or rich ) (hee 
Ihall feldome or neuer fit without chirp* 
ing birds to beare her company, and at 
the next churching or chridntng, fhee is. 
fuie to be ridd of two or three dozen of 
cakes and ale by goflipping neighbours. 


They fecme to he places confecrated^ 
for jhcy thac vfe to graftifc heere, put off 
their Ihoes, and dance fingle-fol'd; they 
are not exceeding men, for they teach 
and. delight in meafures: they feeme co 
be men of fpare dyet, for they live vp6a 
capers ,* their trade is not chargeable to' 
beginne withal, for one treble violl fets ic' 
vp: they fhould bee good players at 
c?riU, for they teach men to cut and' 
(huiflc wcl: their fchollersarmes are like 
pinionM prifoncrs, not to reach too or 
ahoue their hea<ls : their hceles feem to 
hinder ihcir prefcrmcnr, and thac makes 
thtm to lile vppon their toes: whatfo* 
tucr thtrir a£\ions bte, they mud carry 
their boilics vpright: The fehollcis are 
like couniers, full of crii»gts: And their 
mader ^ctirits to he a man of great re* 
fpc6i, for they all falutc him with hat ia 
ha:ui, and kiiccs to rhe ground : the 
number of fiue is the ciauncing A, B,C» 
both maidcr and fchuDcis (ccnic to loue 
nevNcs, for they br^th conilQ much of cur- 
rantocs: their eyes mull noc fee what 
their feet do, they mud when they (<aunce 
be diffe in the hammcs ; they are guided 
by the muficke, and therefore (hould be 
merry men. What they may feeme to 
intend,' is that th^ hope co dance before 
gentlewomen : ou( va iVx^ iAii& v*i^'^«> 


10 the prefcnt cafe it is doubtlefs a moft 
grofs abf unlit y ; and yet, abfurd as it is, 
%r the fake of its poetical figure, it 
found adraittaoce. 

As heinfcrts beauties of his own, fo, 
-not unfrcqucntlv, he rcjtfts the beauties 
of hi> author, merely bccaufc they were 
of a kind not cafily fufccptiblc of that 
polifti on which he infiQs upon all occa- 
fions. Thus, when Idomcneus, planted 

Critu({l Rmarb en Pcpc'« Homer. 

been more compfdled. At leaft I'^iMT • 
furc that Homer's deft b moft. to hi$ 
commended. He fays, ixmp]^»Tlie fteg* 
herd's heart is ^lad ;— a plain alCtroos^ 
which in Pope is rendectd thin : 

** The confcioQS fwaios> njoicimg m ^ 

« fight, 
<< Eye tile blue Taalt, an4 Uefi the vicfiif 
" light," 

Whence the word confciouf feemt to hi 

in the Grecian van, is faid to occupy his joined with fwaitif merely by right of 

Nation with the fturdinefs of a boar, tlic 
compa/iion is funk. Again, when Phoe- 
nix, who had been a kind of foftcr-father 
to Achilles, in order to work upon his 
af regions, and to prevail with him, by 
doing fo, to engage in tht battle, reminds 
him of the pillages of his infancy, he 
tclK the hero, that in his chihli(h fond- 
nefs for his old tutor he would drink horn 
no cup but his ; ** and often," fays he, 
«< when thou haft filled thy mouth with 
*' wine, fitting upon my knee, thou haft 
« returned it into my bofom, and haft 
*« wcvtcd all my raiment.'' The deli- 
cacy of Pope feems to have been (hocked 
at this idea, for he has utterly palled it 
over ; an omiilion by which it is not eafy 
to fay whether he has more diflionouccd 
Homer or hin;felf. A more exiiuiiue 
ilrokc of naiure is hardly to be found, I 
believe, in any poet. 

The ftyle of Honrter is terfc and clofc 
in the higheft pofllble degree ; iufomuch 

ancient prer'criptton, and wheie the blef- 
fing iv pcrfe6) ly gratuitousj'^omer har« 
ing mentioned no fuch matter *,^' But 
Pope, charmed with the fcene that fid- 
mer drew, was tempted to a trial to excel 
his' mafter, and the confeqaence was, that 
the fiinile, which in the original is like » 
pur'* drop, of fimple luftre, in the copy 
is like that drop dilated into a hobble, 
that rcflc£ls all the colours .of the bow« 
Alas ! to little advanuge ; for the fim- 
plicity* the almoft diviue fimpTichy, of 
Homei is wonh more than all the'g^re 
and glitter that can be contrived. 

I fear, Sir, that I have already treipftfled 
upon your paper, and, left I dioulo trtf- 
pafs upon your patience alfo, will haften, 
as faft as poiliblc, to a concli>fion,ob(erv<- 
ing onlv, as I go, that the falfe delicacy, 
of which I gave a proof in the tnKance 
of Phoenix, has, in other particulars 
alfo, occalioned a flatncis in tl>e Englifh 
Homer that never occurs in the Greek. 

that his uurodu£lory lines cxctpted, in Homer's heroes refpc^cd their gods juft 

which the fame adjun£Vs or afcri^tions ot 
wildom, ftrctijith, or fwiftnefs, conftantly 
recur, as Uiylles, Dioraedfc, or Achilles, 
happen to be mentioned, it were not eafy 
to find, in many lines, perhaps in any, a 
fingle word that could be fpared without 
detriment to the palTagc. He has no ex- 
pletives except fuch as he ufcs avowedly 
for that purpnic. I cannot pay tiic fainc 
compliment to his tranflator. He is fo 
often ditfufe, that he is indeed fckiom 
other wife, and fccms, for the moft part, 
rather to wiite a paiaphrafe than to tranf- 
latc. The cft'c6t of which management 
isaweakneis and flimfincfs to which Ho- 
tncr is completely a Granger. The fa- 

as much as the Papifts rcfpefl their 
idols. While their own caufcpfTofpcred 
they were a very good fort of gods, but 
a reveifc of fortune taking place^ they- 
treated them with a familianty nothirig 
fhort of hlafphemy. Thefe outrages 
Pope has diluted with fuch a proponioa 
of good chriftian meeknefs, that all the 
fpirit of the 'old bard is quenched Entire- 
ly. In like manner the inve£tive of his 
heroes is often foothed and tamed away 
fo eftc£lually, that, in Head of the fmart- 
ncfs and acrimony of the original, we find 
nothing but the milkinefs of the bcft 
good manners. In nice diicriminations 
of charadtcr 'Homer is excelled by none ; 

roous fimilc at the end of the 8th book, but his tranllator makes the penoni ot 

in which the fires kindled in the Trojan 

camp are compared to the moon and ftars 

in a clear night, may fcive as a fpecimen 

of what I blame. In Homer it confifts 

of five liner; in Pope, of twelve. 1 may 

be told, perhaps, tha^ lUc traallaiion is 

ueveithclcfs bw-autiful, and I do not deny 

his poems fpeak all one language; they 

^ Mr. Say, ' an excclkut criiic, hjia 
made fome juft rertiarks on this Englilh 
fimilc ; which, therefore, vt will quote in 
the next Magazine. In particular, he re- 
pvobatet <* a tiopd of glory,'* as if it were 
the noon««lay ; the applicatioQ of Hector, 

it* burlmuft beg leave to think that it ihc " li.ephcrd of the people/' at JoJi by 
wouW have been more beautiful, had it <* the fwams," &«. Epit. 

. A arc. 

\ w 

Dr. Pultency*« Account of thi flora RoJJica. 


«re tit ^ke, fhte1\r, ' pompous, and 
ftiiF. In Homer we find accuracy with- 
CMic . ti^ieoefff .ealt withoat neefircncey 
giw idcqf without oftentation, fublimity 
^fMhaot lalMiiir. I do not find them la 
Pope. He ih often turgid, often tame, 
<ilcea cardefs, and, to what caufe it was 
owing I will not even furmife, upon. 
mtnf oceli6ont has given an interpreta- 
tion of whole pafTiget utterly-beiide iheir 

If my fatr countrywomen will give a 
(Vfanger credit for fo much intelligence 
■ovel ai leaft t5 them, they will know 
heretfter whom they have to thank for 
die wetrindis with which many of them 
have toiled through Homer; they may 
left aCTured that the learned, the judi- 
ciouSy the politic fchoUrs of all nations 
have not b^n, to a man, miOaken and 
deceived^ but that Homcr^ whatever fi- 
|r«iTe he may make in Englifh, f> in him- 
fdf entined to the hij^heft praife that his 
nieft fanguioe admirers have beftowed 
u^n him. Pope refembles Homer juft 
as Homer refembled himfclf when he 
was dead; His figure and his features 
might be found, but their animation was 
alldepttrted. Alethbs^ 




AMIDST the greater dcfigns of the 
RuHian monarchs to aggrandize 
Shriremptre^ the improvement of natural 
hifiory, as a kience fubfervieAt to agri* 
cttUuref manufactures, and the arts» has 
not .been forgotten, as is fufficieotly 
known from the repeated expeditions 
that have been madt, at <l)eir ea pence, 
ioco vaiious, and even the moil diflant, 
provinces of the empire, from the time 
<^ Peter |. to the prefent; infomuch 
chat natural hiAory has, in no part of the 
globe, made a more rapitl pro^refs than 
finder the foftering ca^e of tliele muniii'' 
cent fovereigns* 

The laft of the(e celebrated expedi- 
dons, made between the years 1768 and 
a 9 74* 91 the ioftaoce of the prefent £m<- 
p«efay by ProfciTor PalUu, and his aifo- 
^atcty was formed on a large plan, and 
iimended to comprehend all the branches 
flf ufcful knowledpe. Among thefc, 
that of forming a FSraf or HiAory of the 
iwUgpnious vegetables of that great cm- 
pire^ W9S profetfedly an important ohjc£l, 
Add .wit committed to tbie care of Dr. 
fdUms, For this department he was 
fggi^iwptly ^ualificdy fro« his cooAiA'* 

mate knowledge of borany. Having fcen 
and colle^ed the grcjkter part of the 
plants himfelf, in his Journey, and added 
connderably to the Rulfian botany by his 
own difcovcricy, it was with (ingular 
prupriety that the arrangement ©t-this 
great work was committed to his care ; 
the plan of which was firfl announced to 
the pOhlick at the end of the year 1782, 
and the fird pan of the work publifhed 
at the end of 17S4. Nor will the reader 
be dif^ppotnted, it is prtfumcd, in hie 
expectations of a perform?"'ce from which 
not the fubjedts of hat fangdom only, 
but the whole world, may -derive ufchil 
information and emolument. The ele* 
gance and grandeur of the typographic 
part correfjponds to the ace u Homed mu- 
niBcence of the Emprcfs, at whofe ex- 
pence the whole is condu£lcd. 

It bean the following title: "Flora 
** Ro s 8 ic A, ftu Sfirpium Imperii Rqflcs 
** per Enropam et Afiam inHigtKarum Dc" 
«' frriptiorus et hones. Juffu et Aufpiciis 

"CATHARINiK II. Auguftit fliidit 

"P.S.Pallas. Tom. L Fan I. FoL 
" Pitropol. 1784." pp. So. tab. 50. 

In an elegant pcefac^ Profdlbr P alias 
gives an account of the general defign 
and extent of the work ; from which wc 
learn dut it is iiVtended to comprehend^ 
not only the vegetables of Ruflia, but of 
the whglc empire, thus including the 
plants of Finland, European Ruifia, Si- 
beria, thofe of Kamtchatlta, and the 
i/lands caiending to tiie Amciican conii* 
ncnt, but thole of Tariarv, Georgia, 
and the countries of Caucafus, lately 
abided to the Ruflian dominions; a tract 
of countrv extending from the At€t\% 
Sea, fouihwards, to the 50th, and in • 
fomc parts to the 44th, degree •£ lati- 
tude ; and from eaft to weft from thp 
Jiaft Cape of the Tfutfki to Swedifli r 
Finland, not lefs than 180 degrees of 

So valt an extent of continent, and ib 
diffcrcNt in climate, mu/]k l)e fuppofed to 
attord foiis atid fituations adapted to the 
produ6lioo of a very great variety of vc* 
petahtc!» In fa^, it contains thofe of 
Northern and MitWlc Europe, in gene* 
f al ; n!any that are common to the {outh- 
em pait, and not a few found in Afia 
Minor, and even Pcrfia, Arabia, and 
China. European Ruffia alone is of fuch 
extent as to furnilh almofl all the plants 
of Lapland, Sweden, Germauy, Hun- 
gary, and fome common tP tiic Pyreocan 
Mountains and Greec<;. Siberia, id ita 
eaflcrn tra6V, exhibits fcveral that ar« 
' (ommoA (0 North America. Even t\\^ 


Dr. Pttltene/s Jadunf efibi Flora Roffca. 

vicinity of the latter to the old continent 
bad been infericd from this circum(lan£e 
, by the Ruifian adventurers in natural hif- 
tory during the time oi the elder GmtUn, 
Our author eilimaces the number of I'pe- 
cies v'hich his plan comprehends at more 
than two thoufandi probably they will 
much exceed that number, fince the 
Flora Sihtrica of GmeHn includes up- 
wards of eleven hundred, exclulive of the 
whole CrvptogamiaOafs. 

A work of this kind \\t% too much 
connexion with thofe. perfons who have 
laid the founda: \ a of it not to render the 
biogriphy of the Ruffian Wi iters upon 
the rubjefl an entertaining and import* 
ant obje^s and Profellbr Pallai has gra- 
tified our curioGty in this matter by a 
(ketch of what has been donci and by 
whom. In a nation, however, fo lately 
enlightened b/ fcience, few writers 
are to be expc6ied. No public patron- 
age fuhfided before the timie of Peter, 
who eftabliihed the Academy of Sci« 

In this memorial the ProfefTor begins 
with Dr. Scbolur, of Mofcow, who died 
in 1738. He had been employed by 
feier I. to invcrtigatc the produftions 
about the Cafpian S^a, and the country 
of Caucafus. £xtra£is from his papers 
ate puhliOied in MuUer^s ColU6tiont, 
vol. VII, and a paper of his is extant in 
the Affa Eruiii/orum, relating to the poi- 
fonous cffc£)s of the Er^ot. 

Cbriflian BuJc&aum, a Saxon, born in 
1694, a difciple of the indefatigable Rup- 
pius, accompanied an emhany to Con- 
l\antinoplc in 1724, and afterwards' tra- 
velled through Natclia, over Caucafus, 
and, having tiavcrfcd the Cafpian Sea to 
Darbent and Aflrac^n, returned to Pe- 
tcifburgh in 1727* and retiring into Ger- 
many died in 1730. His knowledge and 
abilities much exceeded his indudry j 
bur he left five centuries of new, or hut 
impcrfcftly ikfcribcd, plants, which 
wcie publiflicd at ditflrcnt times, from 
1716 to 1740, and were amont; the car- 
licll produolions of natural liiltory from 
ilic rctcrfburgh prefs. He alfo wrote 
iomc papers in the four firll volumes of 
the Pctci (burgh Commentaries. 

Dan, Cott. MfJferjcbmiJ, of Dantzic, 
horn in 1683. a learned and fludious 
man, ikilled in oriental languages, was 
Jen*, in 1719, by the Medical Chancery 
of Rudia, to fcarch for medicinal plants 
in bibena, whe'c ht fojourncU rtcar fcvcn 
years, and extended .his refearches to the 
liver Lcua, and tlic confines of China. 
4.C uiu iiui pubiiih iiis botanical obfexva- 

ttoDs bimfelfy but tbcy were nidt uSb if 
by AmwtautXn 1739* 

7*. Girbif, iBteiklant of the botanictt , 
garden at Mufcow, exainiocd in i7if , 
the countries about the Volga* and ia 
1741 thofe of tha Don, quite to thii 
Black Sea, in fearch of officioal pJabtSf^ 
of which he left manufcript accountit.— if 
He was afterwards made a phyiician to 
the army, ai^d died of an epidemic difcafa 
in the wars between the Ruflians and 
Swedes, in 'Finland. He (ent a Fkr^g 
Mofcuifi/!s to HalUtf and wrote a Com^ 
pendium Botanhts^ which was never oub* 
lifhed. His MSS. relating to thie plaact 
of the Vplga and the Don, and of thc 
neighbouring defertS| are yet extant, 

J. G. HiinKitmoMt aboumfl» wascclo* , 
brated alfo for his knowkge of lnftory« 
He accompanied, under the name of hi(« 
toriograpber, an expedition to the new 
rettlement«of Orenbarg in i73$t and 
examined the country of the Bafckirety 
the Nogai Tartars, and the Uralenfiaa 
Mounuins, the Defert of Ufa, and a( 
the Kirgufian Tarurs and CalroucSf aiui 
in 1737 fearched the country and tho 
river about Samara. His MSS. art exn 
tanr, uniier the titles of Flora TarUuric^ 
Qnnburgt^fiiy and Flortk ^amarenJU Tar* 

y, Jmmart, botanical proieilbr at Fe« 
teriburgh, publiihcd, in 1739, dcfcrip-> 
tions and figures of fome rare-planta 
collected by Mifftrfcbmid, Heinjulmaj^ 
and others, to which he added fome fron^ 
Siberia, fent by Groelin, then out oa hie 
famous expedition^ whicl^ held near tela 
years. Amman was alfo the author ot 
ieveral bounic tra^s, printed in tte (e-^ 
ter (burgh A£^s. 

J. George Gmelin, a native of Tubin% 
gen, went to Peterfburgh in I7S7, and^ 
was did employed in arranging the Mu- 
feum of the Academy. He afterwarda 
undertook the long expedition into Sibe- 
ria, in the reign of the Em^refs jU»e^ 
which will render his name tamous and^ 
valuable to pof^erity, for his great at« . 
tempt in the Flora Siblriceij publiihed ia 
4 volumes 410, 1747— «7S9» in which 
are defciibed upwards of eleven hun<)Ked 
plants, illuilratcd by 300 plates. Hit 
brief but excellent Defcription of the 
Geography and Climate of Siberia, pre* 
fixed to tbis work, has rendered his name 
familiar to men of fcience out of the line, 
of natural hidory. He died at Tubingeii 
ij) the year 1755. 

George fFill, StelUtf born in Franco^ 
nia, in 1709, an adventurer, like GmeUn% 
into KulBa, where he went at tix^ age of 


Dr. Pulteney's Account of the Flvr^ RoJJicM. 6i ; 

c^-wt»€rft employed' in -tbelinptritlA-* ^Ln^^^fi^Wyf^.SckiMgin^ who h«s fenc 

.«adciny todnw upm aocou&t of the Mu- the ProMbr many hew plants colle6ie4 

feutn ; and afterWtrds made alTociate to in the country near die filver loines /qf 

.iSiMfAi in the- Siberian refearches : a man Colyvan. 

who, defprfihg dangers, encountered a1- Such then are the fourcet from whence 

moft vtoMnlleled-iiardihips in purfoit.of the author is enabled to attempt a Florm 

jsatunl mildiy. He penetrated into.ind of all the plants of this vail region. Yet, 

Searched Ktmttfhatkai defcnbed the Ain- as public utility is the bafis of the dc* 

mtk ind plants of that peninfuU; was fi^n^ fuch as hold the firft rank for their 

Che firtt naniralift who made a voyage to virti;^ in xnedicime, or ufes in the arts, 

the Kurile Iflands, and the North-wrfl: will be mocc particularly attended to.— 

•coaft of America^ and died of a fever, on Thofe hitherto belonging toi)otany^ as^a 

his return, at Tjuroen, near Tobolik. — fcience enlv, though they Will not 4ie 

Severalof the inamifcripti of this indo- neglcdtcd, cW the flora may be com* 

^atigable and unwearied traveller are plc*t, will be 1)ut a fecondary objefl.-^ 

.'Cnumenoed by the' ProfeiTor, and aie Such as are common to all Europe, and 

-iiappily now in his hands. not, as far as is at prefent known, tn» 

itcfbim Kri^tbininikof^ the difcij^e of dowed with any fienal ufes, will be buf 

jGMcimt was the firft native of Rui!ia briefly noticed. On this plan the work 

who, at a Baturaltft, ihared in the la- will embrace the doable objcd of l)eing 

iteurs and dangers of thofe inveAiga* ufeful to the citicen and fClie hufband* 

;tions. He traveNed into Kamtchatka man, and accepuble to the man of fci« 

Wfore SteUer, and, <by -joining ^eUer'a ence, and the curious botanill. In this 

dbfenrations with 4iis -own, gaiQe to tlie wew aUo there will be two imprelTiona 

world an accurate and authentic account of the text, one in Rufs, and the other in 

of that diftaot, .and almoft unknown, Latin; and, as no fydematic arrangement 

iiuarter of Afia. He left fome collec- can be followed in the profecution of the 

tiont rAating to the botany of Ruilia, work, farther than that the amhormeaoa 

which Dr. Gofter afterwards enlarged, to introduoe .^1 the plants of the fame 

and publiihed in it^i, .nnderthe title of :genus togc^thei;, a methodical Index wiM 

flora lugricc^, ^ conclude the who|e. As it cannot be 

The laft mentioned wnter is Dr. ^^r intended to engrave all, it is prefumed 

iATcbc^ who, in his various routes while th^t five or fix hundred places will .con«> 

phyfidan to the army, coUeQed feeds of tain all that enters into the view of ex* 

jare plants, and tranunitted them to Liu* hibiting the moft uf<^ul, that are but lir- 

ap^rv/f and to Gmilim, He alfo wrote a tie known to the iithahitants, and fuch 

Ar« Ftr/ka -of -the planes about the as are rare or new xo tlie natnralid.T-U 

Cafpiaa Sea, in iT3$f end otheiways is propofed to pubRlh a number, or Fgtf"^ 

augmented the botany of RuiTu by (ome cictdus^ containing iifcy idates, with the 

^sbferyatiotts publiihed in the ASt% bf correfponding tex^, cvacy year. Two of 

the Acadtana Hatur^ Curioformm <r#r- thefe will form a volume. The platea 

will be executed oo the plan of thofe in 

The great acceflions made ^nce the M. Jacqmn*i Flora Auflriacai that i^ 

year 1766, by ProfelTor PalUu himfclf, eeoh plant reprefentrd, as far as ipay bc;^ , 

and his aflbciates falk and LepecSiu^ of its iiatural fizc, lightlv. engrave^, and 

about the Cafpian Deferts, the urgten- then coloured. Among tne larger p lant«« 

^an Movntains, and in Siberia 1 by one only \\6H be <;ngraven on a piate, 

Cior^t in the countries around the Lake and the 'flower and fruit will be exliibitp 

Baikal I and by the youn^r Gm/Aai and cd feparately, with all poflible bounic 

CMmjlaidtf in Soutncrn RufTia, Per-fia, accuracy. Occafionally, remarkable va^ , 

and uucafus; are ^iQiverfally known rietics will be added. Afterw;>rds, a- 

.amoDg th^ curious. The harveft ftiH mong fmall plants, feveral will be given 

^bottiidt with reapers. The accurate on the fame plate, but all of the fame 

LaxwMtH is at this time in Siberis^ a£live genus, r— Thus much for the general 

in tbe« caufe of natural hiOory, Lad. plan. 

J*airin, a native of Leyden, after hav- The 'Work begins with the mod im^ 

' ing fear<hed the chain of the Akaic portant partjof the furi^ef^, -elie trees and 

J fountains, is now in Dauria. B^ (hrubs. At the head of each article ftand 

i^if bat made an Herbarium of the the Linn;ean, generica), and trivial name^ 

plants of Little Tanary. Cb, HabliiU it Then follows, at length, the fpcciBp 

employed in the fame country, after hav- name, or character, taken, in alvck^^!^ \Vi 

i9f colk^Ud aU (be phw of Afiracani inilaacc^j {igm Liwui^SpU$ftti\xi^\o \\k% 

Dr, Pulteney't Aeeotua oftht Flora 'RtJJita, 

lad c<!itifl|n of the Species Plaatarum, 
publifbed by Dr. Reichani, at Frankfort, 
m 1779, under the title of Syfema Plan* 
iarum. Very few fynonyms arc added 
from other authors ; bar, what is highly 
praifc- worthy, the Profciror has colleft- 
cd, with fignal induftry,-not only the 
name of every fpecies in all the Euro* 

The cones, or nuts, of the Aphirf»»ttt 
pr dmbra Fimt fPinms Cimbm), waU 
keep, without becoming rancid, far tea 
vears and upwards, and are eilceoicd t 
luxury throughout Ruilis. The SMis 
arc fond of thcfe nuts; but tliey are be* 
lieved to fpoil the fur of the animal| 
where they abound; and Sqmirrtls trt 

pcan languages, but, what is Aill more turned black by feeding on thiem 
important, the provincial name given The^r/offOirjHtf/rryofPontus, famous 

to the plant by the numerous nations 
throughout the Ruffian empire. This 
article of intelligence has been too much 
segle£tcd by writers in generali to the 
great hipdrance of knowledge. 

In thofc in (lances where the fubjeft is ^fiatdt. 

in hiftory, and fo amply treated on bf 
^ourntfort^ who thought it was cxtra£^v 
ed from the Rhododendron Pontkum of 
Linndtust has been dlicoyered to lielong 
to the Azalea Pontiea, by M. Gitldiut 

univerfally known^and the ufes of it are 
not fignally benc^cial, the author has 
thought it unneccflary to give a formal 
dcfcripiion of it; but the far greater 
pan arc amply defcribed with an accu- 
racy which marks the finifhed botanid 
und mail of fcience. 

The vr.ricties, which, in fevcFal in- 
{lances, are numerous and remarkable, 
in fo cxtenfive a tra£l, are all duly no* 
deed ; and the places of growth are 
pointed out with great preci(ion, 

ProfeiTor Pallas^ having himfelf intro- 
duced into the Matetia MedUa of the 
RufHahs the Rhododendron Cbrjfantbum^ 
en^rges on the hiflory of the quality and 
ufes of this plant, now become k/iown io 
Britain, He feems to be convinced of 
its good ^effe6is in chronic rheumatifmtt 
in the gout, and venereal pains. Bur, 
as there has been a dinin6l treatife writ- 
ten on thi$ funple, and the experiments 
of Dr. Home are in the hands of all me* 
dical people, we ihall not dwell upon it. 

In treating on the qualities and ufes of We are here informed, that in Sviitsurf 

eacht our author feems to be very cir« land they begin to ufp the Rhododendron 

cumfpef^, confining himfelf, in the me- Ferrugineum as a fubflitute for it. 

dicinal plants, to matters of fa£^, and not The natives of Siberia ufe the berries 

indulging in theory, or attributing vxi* of the Mezereon inftead of pepper, and 

tues to them not warranted by ufe.— exhibit them, in fmall dofes, in the hoopv 

>Jevei th^iefs, as we owe to the untutored ing cough. The ladies of England will 

nations of the earth the knowledge of fcarccly adopt rhe cuflom of the Siberian 

fome of the hcd Amples now in ufe, he dames, who paint their cheeks, whilf 

has h<;en careful to r^^iAer thofc which in the baths, with thefe acrimoniuus 

luve received, among tbefe eaflern peO' berries. 

pie, the fan6l>on of popular and national In enumerating the manifold ufes of 

ufic, that they may be lnou^ht 10 the ted x\\!^Bit'ch Tree^ the author i^kes orci)ri(Yi| 

of fcicncc. L^teripcrftd, :Ue lea/icr will to dcJcrilK: the mftiiods< of procuring the 

niece with a variety of cuiiuu* obfcrva- Firr^r 0;/, which uives th^t fine f.a^rance, 

tions on tlie (everal properties and (ub-. and gr^at durabihtv» to the Ruffian lea* 

ordinate ufes of the trees of this extenlive ther. It is pleafiog to contemplate the 

country. numerous ules to which the Northern 

li i*; curious to obfcrve the efFe£l of nations have appropriated the birch tree, 

c'iniatc on Icvcral trees of this ar£Vic re- Od this iulycft may be coiifuhed /./>• 

gion. J lie I.LzrJ) (Fhtus Lanr) for nlrui*i Flor, Lappon, N^ 341. GmeL 

jnftance. under t\\c ( gtii dejiree of lati- F/of. Sibir, I. p. 166, and the article in 

tude, is reduced to fo <Uvaififli a (izc as qucftion. * 

icarccly to rai^c its branches from the The dcco6lion of the leaves of the 

ground. The wood of this tree, like the Aj)>en free (Populus Tremiela) is in 

baik of the birch, is found to be of a great efliniaiion among the Sibtrians, in 

Tcry unprrifbahlc naiure, both under the Lues f^enerea\ but the empirics of 

water and in tlie earth. Beams of it have that country call in the aid of a mercur 

been dug up pcife6lly found, from the "rial ointment, and the hot l>ath.. Our 

tombs (of ptiiiaps an unknown age and author, nevcrthelefs, Iccm?^ to favour the 

pcopic) difcoveiwd near y/';///5rtf, accounts opinion, that this deco£lion has the 

i>f vtlnch have lately much ei^crcifcd the power of eapcIIiBg the Scabies Venerea 

(pecolaiion of jouquarics. Sec Jrcbao^ to the Ikin. 

io^i*4, vol, II. ^$ au anicic of rutal oeconomy, he 

1 ffc^tioni 

V /■ 


*/// 9f Chmrgisfir t^e Ki^g*s Pngnfi t§ TuAury. 61 7 

•nendont the cxtremely-oounfliing pro- 
perty of thfi^ Siktrum Acaem ('it§iiftfa 
CUiragmHa of Lituurus) to the flieep of 
Itlie country. . There is a dwarfiib Kind 
«f thu Jlo^ittia -in the diftri As beyond 
-the Lake 'Baikal, by feeding on which 
the fbecp attain a very extraordinary, 
ftnd even gigantic fize. 

In* turning over this volume it wiH 
he obierved, that Profeilbr Pailas has, 
fo this part of his work only, made a 
'««ry conliderabie acceffion of new fpe- 
cies. There are not fewer than twenty- 
five introduiced, the names of which do 
not occur in fJmutus's writings, except 
chat a few, defcribcd in Pallas^ s Travels, 
-were brought into the Supplemintum 
'Plmmtarttm by the younger Linni-^ 
Others had been del^bed by Gmelhi, 
and ' had not b^en extricated by the 
'^wediih bota^ift. 

Among thcfe we obferve a new Al^ 
'punJ (A: incama)^ which at leaft is a 
beautiful variety of the dwarf Almond-, 
having the under fide of the leaves co- 
vered with a fine white down. 

A beautiful Rhododendron^ with a rofe- 
/coloured flower^ found by Mr. Guiding' 
Jtatdt on Caucafus't and thci\ce called /?. 
Camcttficum, Jt may, neverthelefs, be 
doubted whether it is any other than a 
variety of the R, Potfticum, Even this 
tnuft give way, however, in point of 
beauty, to a fpecies found by SttiUr in 
Kamfchatka, and B.eering*s lile, with 
oval ferrated leaves, and large purple 
flowers. Our author calls it R. dant^ 
fcbttticwm. It is defcribcd hy Gmelin^ 
from Steller's Manuicript, and the fy- 
nonym wrongly applied, by LiwHags, to 
the R. L'hamgeajlum. 

A new Daphne (D. JMca), with 
white flowers, lent by Mf. Pathn, frond 
the Altaic Mountains. — A new RobiniM^ 
with purple flowers (R, Hahdendron)^ 
from the countries about the irtifl|.««» 
An elegant new Cytifusy with large yd* 
low flowers (C, Pwnatfu)^ from the 
interjacent country of * the Don and 

I conclude this account by fubjoining 
p, lift of tbt genera, and number of (be- 
ties under each, contained in this nrft 





Mefpilus 3 

Spir^em 14 

Rbododendrom 5 

Lyclum t 

Hitrmrim f 

Yours, R. P. 



Comms • 






















Mt. Urban, Licbfiehi^ July 26. 

THE inclofed bill accidentally fatt- 
ing into my hands, I (hall be 
greatly obliged to any of your Anti* 
quartan cor refpon dents for their opi- 
nion of it* Unfortunately there is no 
date ; but, by the writing and fpctling, 
it fecms to h^ive been incurred ^y King 
James the Firft, or Charles the Firft. 
It will, however, fcrve to thew the dif* 
ference of the price of provifions be- 
tween thbfe and the prefcnt times^ 

Yours, Richard Greene. 

A Note of fucb Cbar^is as I bai^e bin ai 

concerntnge the king's Mag. Progrgfi 

at Tut bury, &c, 

Inprimis, paid for malt iXf* 

Alfo paid for hops ' 1 /. 

Alfopaid for*6uld hay , iiis. lilXif, 

Alfo paid for three loadc of wood 

kids XI J 5. 

Alfo for carringe of three load of wood 

kids to Tutbury. 
Alfo wee caried three load of hard woody 
and it was turned upon us back agay ne. 
Alfo fpent with goinge with the teamct 
two times to 'IHitbury xviiltf. 

Alfo paid for 60 lb. of iweete butter, at 
4</. 0^. a pound xxii/. vii/. 

Alfo paid for carringe the butter t9 
Burton, and mooy that the.fpcnt that 
did carry it xvi «/, 

Alfo paid tor Bve dozen of pigeons xy. 
Alio fpent in goinge two dayes to fceke 
for pigeons, beinge forthe all night, 
and carringe them to Burton i 1 j. \\d. 
Alio paid unto two carriages that did 
help to remove the kings m.i'^* houf* 
hould to Tainwoijh. 
Alfo fpent in going with the teames to 
Tutbury, and afterwards to Tarn- 
worth, 10 fee it delivered ii J» 
Alfo fpent in going before the ctarke of 
the verge of William Leeke and 
William Goodman xvi </. 
Alfo fpent in goinge to Burton to^jay 
for malt, and hopps, and bay, and 
oats, and the red of the things vi d. 
Alfo the firft day of Scptcml)cr fpent in 
going -to Burton to looke tor the 
chargis which I had bin ar concern « 
inge the kings ma*«» progrclfc vi J. 
Alio paid for five firike of osits 

XI i. V14I </• 

Alfo paid for ieekinge for the oats, and 

carringe them to Tutbury %\\\id. 

Alfo paid for acquittances v |i i^. 

^fo ^d Vf^9Vt t^s ac^u^ttaAccs v 1 1<. 

( 6,8 ) 
Nummary op the PRocEEDmcs in parliament, Stn. n. 

^thmfes in theprefemt Siffien of IjarUa^ 

wunU cwtimued from p. 530. 

Handily April li. 

REPORT was m^ from thefele^t 
commicree on the Kirkwall election, 
fhac Mr. Fox vras doly cicflcti. Order#> 
jcd to be entered in the Journal. 

Mr. Fitt then rofc to -bring forward 
|iiftgrai|d plan of Pai liameiaary Rcfornv 
After «nlariring on (he maf^nitudc of 
^1m object «nd difpUyin^ in flowing co- 
lours the excdiericies of our happy xon.- 
Hitution, he priKrecded to oner his 
diooghcs on the neceifity of adopting 
ibme propoBtion, in order to fecuic tUe 
tfoll enjoyment -of that conAitution, by 
ircferTtog tlie popular weight in an ex- 
fj^ balance! a peculiarity in which con- 

M. thai glory and liappinefs of ^pglilh^ 
ncD, which foreigners k> jjiudi cAvy, 
and all the world admire 

That thisconflitution ought not, upon 
ftfiht grounds, to be raflily or unadvir 
^dly atu^edy was a noHtion about 

which, he faid, there could he no divcr- 

&y of opinioi^ as little was it to be de- 

aiivd, that, if there were dcfc6ts exiflini;^ 

which might be repaired without ri(k 

io the attempt, they ought not to be 

/uJcred to remain a moment by imagi- 
nary fears of danger from experiment c^ 

Here Mr. Pitt attra£Ved the attention 

«f the Hovfe by the brilliancy of his lia- 

gitaffe in drlcribing the ancient BritijQ) 

conlTitution, which he called the nobleifV 

pfoof of human wifdom, aided by the 

fptcial favour of Proridcnce, for the haj»- 

ipincfs of all who lived under it; inel\i- 

mable for the blelVm^s it conferred, and 

venerable fur the fohdity and immutaU- 

lity of liie piinciples on which it was 

gK>Qnded. To rcMorc it to ixs fii ft prin- 
ciples was the ot>)c'6t of his wiHi. He 

knew, he faid, the great o!>(iacles he had 

to furmount ; thcr general dread of 

ckange; the Aicfs laid on this atguoient, 

that, alterations once begun, noonccouid 

know where thcv would end; that one a- 

luemiroent would open thedoor tor another 

amendmcnr, till at length the foundation 

cf the conHitution wcjuld l>c unfcitlcd, 

and the whole fabric fall into «)i(ordir ; 

but the meafuic which Ite had to propoi[p 

bad a diied co(.trar) tendency. To give 

a foil fecur.ty 10 all the inrj^iefts of th,e 

country was the fit A and leading prin- 
ciple of the cor.ftitution. The iUrlini^ 

cacellerice of this pr:ncip!e had furvivcfi 

the c9rTttptioD of -the mid corrupt tim^ 

«»d liad kept alifc die true Aamc uf U* 

berty among the people. It 
ihrengthen and confirm this principle^ 
and, as far as the nature of thtnp vnll 
admit, to render our free coaCbtutm 
immortal, that his 4plao w«s -pdncipnliy 

In the jcouiie of his (peech Mr. fm 
made jnany pertinent oblervauoot, traced 
ihe progreU of parli^ncnf through difi- 
ferent reigns, and Aewed that they .wev 
6xed to no flandard till the a£^ of Uaioa 
had afcertained tiie number of members bf 
which each kingdom was to be jk^/o^ 

He at length came ^ (late the outlinct 
of his plan, which in brief was this : to 
continue the Tame i\umber of members 
(5(^8) in the Commons Houfe^ but to 
jerfed fbme change in the diAitbution. 
T))ere were« iie »id, a number of bor 
toughs which by the lapfe of time weie 
fallen to decay, and which, without thp 
aife6tation of extraordinary delicacy, hp 
might venture to fay, had long cealod to 
exercife their franchifes as a tiuft, bm: 
had con;rerted tlicm into a (ource of pro« 
fit, and were fet to fale as often as op- 
ponunity offered^ Thefe franchifes, i| 
we underftood him right, Mr. Pitt mean^ 
that parliament (bould be enabled to pur* 
chafe occaiionally^ whenever the owners 
were willing to part with thems SAd^ 
}n\\txi io purchafed, to be trans&rrjd>lc, a^ 
the diforetion of parharocnt, tp fud^ 
counties, cities, and populous flourilbing 
towps, as ihould apply for tliem t llii) 
having in view fome analogy between the 
reprelentatives and the numbers repr«r 
ien;ed. This feems to iiave been the 
leading feature of Mr. Pitt's pl^, by 
which no fuddcn plunge would, hav^ 
been :effe£]bed, bvt an openiog ^ven fojr 
tjmc to have reduced the ponftitugcion to 
that equality in tlie reurcfentation which 
maoifcftly appears to iMtve l^en the idea 
of the firft fouod^r. According to Mr^ 
Pitt, there are above ^6 boroughs wtuch 
fall under the above deiciiption, AtA 
which, notwitliilanding tlu;ir infigniti* 
cance, flill iictain the piivilege of lending 
72 members (or ncaiiy a feventh part of 
the Lower Houie) into parliament, tho* 
the number of condituents do not a- 
mount to a one hundred thoulandth part 
of the aggret^ate body of the people. He 
did not, however, fuppofe that tite own* 
ers of tbofe TUiRTY-six boiuughs 
would be willing to part with thf:ir 
franchifes all at 6nce ; but he mean| to 
bsTC appropriattd a cci^ia fum fojr the 


Sammmj §f Fr9€ieilng% In iU prtfini SiJJUn 9f P^rSament. 6if 

^ttnhfic of the whole^ intf to tiave let it 
accunoUte at compoand inteteft till,tlH)^ 
|c aui^c not be a Sufficient temptadoo at 
firft. It wonU hate iioon become by its inr 
cmTc irrf/yHhii, The principle of hit 
•laii, to fecure the pennaneDcy of the con- 
^ituciooy was neither more nor left than 
thta-r^o diflfraochife places as they fall to 
4ecayp and to transfer their reprefenu- 
W€9 to Others as they became populoui 
and flourifliing } fo that by this plan, an 

aualtty of reprcfcntBtion, when once 
abltfliaclt would for ever have been 
ipominoed.B , » . Mr, Pitt concluded^ 
foafef&iily one of the mofl: eloquent 
ippecbes- ever fpoken in parliament^ 
with momngy '* that leave be given to 
^ring 10 a bill to amend the reprcfcnta- 
Mn of tha people uf £ngland in parlia« 

Bir. Dmnomhi rofe to fecond the mo- 
^on { but the Houfe was fo much in dif-. 
prdcr, that what he faid did not reach the 
gaUery. Wbeo the ferment ceafcd, 

Mr. /m^^ rofe to compliment the mi- 
Bifler on tlie abilities and the elocjuence 
lie had difpiayed in tlie funeral oration ha 
\tifd proBOUOced on the cooftitinion of 
bta country, in oisder to render which im« 
inoftaly he was for putting an end to its 
c^ilence. He remarked upon the rage for 
fclbrmatioo before aay proof was brought 
of any grievance eiifting. He adverted 
to the KW pattions that had been pre* 
leotcd ; and was pointedly fevere on their 
ioconfiftcocy. He compared the Right 
iloa. Gentfeoian's plan to that of Pro* 
cruftesy tlie noted robber» who had a 
bed of inm tq meafure travellers %• if they 
were too loogt he cut them ihorter ; and 
if they were too Ihon, he (Iretched them 
to the length. He wondered if, among 
the number of rorun boroughs, the Rt. 
Hon. Gaotlemjui meant to include ord* 
oaoccy adn&iralty, and treafury boroughs ! 
He owned his xuriofiry led him a greu 
way lo ice what a motley thing his bill 
would bci but i% that could nut be gra* 
tificd without a dirc£k abandonment of 
the advantageous ground he Aood on« he 
tliottght it Tafeft and beft, in the firfl in« 
ilance^ to give it a deciiive negative. 

Lord iwrib was likewife for admitting 
Bo coBCcfBooa but giving tlie motion a 
dirtft negative : it was tlic treatment, it 

deferved. He never would confent tdl 
defaoe an ancient, venerable, fubflannal 
fabric, for the fake of decorating it wid| 
modem frippery. Of an exifting defe^ 
he knew notning ; the blciliogs that had 
been enjoyed under the conlHtution, as it 
now is, Ke well knew i they all kneir 
them \ they ilood recorded in the page o€ 
hiftory} diey had been felt lor ages; 
they were felt at tluit moment* Hit 
Lord(hip denied that the people in gene* 
ral wiihed for a Reforni. No oiore thaii 
eight petitions *, he faid» had been y»9 
fented to give countenance to fuch aa 
idea ; and wlien a meeting was foromoncJ 
in the 6r(l city of the empire by fpoiial 
notice,and the buiinefs Of it announeed wat 
of general notoriety^ not uiora than jos 
perfons could he got together to atteiKL 
His Lordibip here took .occafioo to traor- 
the hi (lory of parliament from the earUelfc 
times; to mark the dianget througk 
which it had palfed till iettled on its pre* 
lent footing, where his Lordih3|» hoped, 
it would long be foflmd to fcaiaiB« nit 
Lordfiiip begged to know, where thece 
eztfted in Europe^ or on the face of xkm 
earth, a people fo happy as ihofe wto 
lived U^Wcr the Britiu conftitutionf 
where was there a people fo fully in poT* 
feflion of their libertiei } The faft was . 
undeniable. What mattemd tt than» 
whether the pcfibns who fat in that 
Houfe the guardians of the public frtedom» 
fat there by virtue of hiving ben e<« 
leded by a burgage tenure, a cky, nr • 
county ? His Lordibip viicA a variety cC 
^ other argumcatty and concluded wkh am 
emphatic wilh> that tl)e frieodt of tht 
conftituriun would led as one maa»^ and 
avert the danger that threatened it* wfcft^ 
the prefent motion to be carried. 

Mr. WUb^rfwQi rote to obiSmre oa^ 
iimilarity of reafontagt and attempts at 
humour, of the Noble Lord and tha 
Gentleman who fpofce before hiiK He 
did not think the Houfe had been wACtk, 
entertained by tiie one, or coavioced bf 
the other* ' The oppofittoa of the Now 
Lord| which wu now fo vifible oathe other 
fide of tha Houfe, he eonftdered as riieve- 
iy for oppolition lake \ ft>r no man in hif 
fenfes could fay, (hat a reform in the re* 
prcfenution ot the peopU wm the area* 
ture of a dream, or tnc viiionary chimaBr# 

* There tfpcai from tbe Votes to have been twelve | i. from ikt freeholders of York* 
Ibirr I a* frccnen and iubabitasti of the city of York i 3. principal inbabitanis. Ice* «|. 
L«BDcrfloo't 4* geotlemen, clergy, and other ibhabii^Dti of Great Yarmouth ; 5. gentle* 
»ca, clergy, and other inhabitanis of Scarboroogb ; 6. boritflct, and priueipal inhaaiteaca 
mi N««reallie open Tyoe; 7. genilcnien, clergy, aod other inhabitants of Norwich | 
t- frctbolUers of Hull ; 9. freehoUers and iubabiiaots of Lyme-Regi^ I lo. freeboidfrs of 
ibeeaanty of Kottingbami if. frermeo, fracholdersi and bchcf^t inhabttaau«( V^^^ 
J^mki and J^ (tee bioihers af the beeeugb af Jiorpcth* 

i6f & Summmj ^ 

•f reforming fpeculatiftt. H^ idverted to 
tlieiangutge which Mr. Powyt h«l held, 
«nd clurged him \v\tU an aHufioo which 
HO .hufPati bcinc; ought to have appli- 
'ed. I A cry of bear him t bear bim I run 
thro* the Houfe.] Mr. W. explained, and 
entered into a fpirited defence of his &t. 
Hon. Friend ; "^nd declared that he de- 
ienred more coimnendatioo forj having 
brotiglu foru'ard this great national quef- 
.tion, than for all, the many fervices he 
had liefore done his country. (An un* 
intercfting altercation here took place.] 

Lord Mu!j^r4ne rofe, and compli- 
mented Mr. Pi:t on the able manner in 
which he had introduced his motion, but 
protefled again ft every attempt to new 
mould the cooftitutioR. 

Mr. ICaoc Hanjukim Brotvae fpoke 
forcibly in favour of the motion, and 
charged Time as the great innovator, 
which required a conAant watch to keep 
the l)e(l things from being perverted to 
the wurfl purpofes. 

Mr. Fax roTe, and a profound (ilence 
cnfued. The firft part*of his fpeech had 
Ao other reference to the motion, than as 
a ju(li6cation of his own condu^, and of 
thofe with whom he was conn;.^^'!. In 
the courfie of liis f|)eech (which chiefly 
confided of pointed remarks on the 
fpeeches of others, replies to perfonal al* 
luHons, comparative nriiSiures on former 
and prefent adminiArations, encomiums 
on \m fnend<i, and farcadical commenda- 
tions on tliofe who had been his friends^ 
and wlip had abandoned the cauie they 
had once fupported), he avowed liimfcif 
the ilcsidy fiicnd of the prefent motion, 
fo far as it went to amend the prefent (late 
of the reprcfentation vf the people. But, at 
the fame time that he made this open de- 
claration, he meant only to have it un- 
dir^ood rpeci6caily, fofaras it tended to 
the increafc of county members, and to 
difunite the burgage tenures, but by no 
means to give countenance to the other 
■ p^rrs of the plan thrown out by the Rr. 
I!on. Gentleman. He faid it was out of 
kis puyver to add any new argument to 
enforce^ the necdfity of a reform in the 
reprefcntation ; and concluded with giv- 
ing his aHTcnt to the moiion, as it pio- 
mifcd an oppor. unity of a more ample 
^nd fatista^tory difcufTton of the impoit- 
aut queHion. 

Mr. D?f Hi/as ^ rofe, and declared him- 
fclf a hearty fiitml to the prof^jfed plan, 
(<T hud laugh). He rlicn lai<i, •* I ever 
was, and am (till avctlc to the idea of a 
isommtttce of erujuiiy into the prefent 
Aaic of pailijmt&raiy r^iircfcntation ( 
out the plan vmw pfcp(^fi.d obviates every 

i in AipnfifU Siffm •fPirBmmm. 

objefUon?' He. enfmed the irifdiNi 
and modcrattoB of the prefent plan. Jt 
made 00 illegal attack opoa tKt cfta^ 
bliilied fyS^m $ it miidc do cBcroochincat 
on private property ; ' it noliftiil bo char- 
tered rights f it deprived no mah of Ui 
franchile^ without compeafation and Mi 
full confent ; it altered no law i oor did 
it invade the rights of free citistaS'or 
corporate bodies, in any degree w)iat- 
cver : on the contrary, it tended to in* 
creafe the numbers of conditueors, and, 
in time, to equalize the reprefcntation as 
far as the nature of thin^ will-aomtt. 
He concluded with giving His full ftfpport 
to the motion. 

Mr. Uwrhe fpokt ably againA the mo- 
tion • He was fevere again ft the laft 
fp^aker, who, he faid, reiembicd a cba- 
ra£ler among 'the ancients that was net* 
the r man nor woman, but both. He was 
againil the reform, and now he was for 
tlie reform. He attacked the propofi- 
tions, which, he faid, wjere the very re- 
▼erfe of the propofitt^iu the Right Hon. 
Gentleman had before brought forward ; 
and if they were now right, thofe for- 
merly propofed mud have been wrong. 
He warned the Houfe of the danger of 
fuflfering the Right Hon. Gentleman to 
tinker the conftitution, who, liad he 
been trailed two fercral rimes before^ 
would have ruined it eompleatly. He 
was fevere likewife on Mr, VVyvill, for 
diifeminating norions through the king- 
dom, tending to unfettle the minds of 
poor induflrious men, who were quiet 
enough before they were told the con(li» 
tution was fubverted. He concluded 
wKh giving his negative to the motion. 

Loid /r£</. CawtpbtU could by no tneans 
confent to any the lead alteration in the 
rights of reprcfentation. 

Mr. KQlle was likewife decidedly a- 
gainfl the motion. 

Mr. Battkes pa'd very high compile 
ments to his Right Hon. friend ; Init 
could jiot think of purchafing the ba« 
roughs sviih the public money. 

Mr. Pitt clofcd the dehite with a few 
words of reply to the objc£lions that had 
l>een madtf. At about a quarter after 
Four in the morning thc"tiue(\ion was 
put, when the numbers were, Ayes 174. 
Noes 24S. Majority againft tiie Re- 
form 74. 

IVedneJday, April ao 

Mr. Eden role to inform the Houfe. 
that advices had been received by the laft 

{)acket from India, which contained^ as 
)e had heard, fomc interefling accounts, 
UD«iing pitbq: to filfify pr to confirm 


liAtat liad l^n ftated kft year by tl^ di* 
i?edonriD their ciUinate (fee vol. LIV.), ' 
OB wbich he. bad brought a fpecial report 
htfyi^ t\t Houft, He thought h, thcrc- 
fartp the duty of tl^e direSors w ftep 
ferwanfo ibon, and to flatc how far the 
late accounts' had either confirmed or r^-«^ 
fctcd their former cftimates* 
- Mr«i7;rjiiAr/ thought i^ rather impro- 
pcfv for the prtfcnt, to ftir that bufinefs, 
tt the affairaof the Company were now 
in arrangement before the Board of 

Mr. Bnrh rofc to reprobate that doc- 
trimf. The Houfe, he faid» by making 
itfelf ftnfwerable for the payment of bills 
to a eoc^derable amount, in cafe the 
Cofdpanv ihould not be in a ftatc of (oU 
rency when thofe bills became due, had 
made itfcif a part^ 5 and, therefore, it 
vas 00 fort ot fatisfa£^ion to fay, that 
the Company's affairs were in a ft ate of 
arrangement before another tribunal. 
Th« h^ was, the Houfe had a right to 
every ^aper capable of throwing light on 
thetfue ftate of the Company's circum- 
ftances $ and he had^reafon, he f aid, to 
fbar that the affairs of the Coiiipany 
abroad wer^ g<>ing ddiirn. 

Mr. Barift^ rofc to fet the Rt, H. Gent. 
jright. 80 far from their affairs going 
^wn, the reverfe was the fa6l. In the 
eftimates laid before the Houfe they had 
fuppofhd that by a .cenatn period they- 
ibould be in cafli to the amount of 
700,900!. whereaf, from the partiality 
of the public for Eaft^Jndia goods, their 
cafli amounted to 1,400,000). more than 
ilated. In the fuppofed amount of their 
fales the diredors had likewife been agree- 
ably dtfappointed ; for, inOead of two 
millions and fotne odd hundred pounds, 
as ftated to the Houfe, they had amounted 
CO more than four millions. 

This convcriation ended, the order of 
the day was read, for the Houfe *o eo 
into a committee on the petitions aj^ainit 
ItUe. tax of lad year on cottons, cotton 
thiffs, &c. 

Mr. Piit rofe, in order, he faid , to ex- 
plain the motives for the decitoi he was 
abotti to recommend- as proper for the 
Houfe to adopt. He entered in derail 
CD the .circomitances attending the'origi-, 
lial introduction of the tai:, and cnJca-' 
voQied to fliew, that jt was h*' with 
«lit acauief<0ence of the deputies fcnt by 
•he body of manufacturers themfclves to 
oegociate their intereAs with adminiflra- 
^ao* It appeared indeed afterwards, 
that the manufacturers took exception to 
the conduct, of their dcpyttea» and made 
fcmoAHrancesi whicb^ howc?er,- 

I in ihi prififH Sfffim tf PatUiomi, $% i 

were not thought of weight by the Tic»* 
i\iry-board \ uid the ux took place as at 
firft fettled. 

The ^complaints of the manufa^itrt 
were now renewed, and an appeal was 
early made to parliament; a rait body of 
Mdencc was piroduced, and much inge* 
nuity difprayed^ in proving the deflruc* 
tive tendency of the tax 1 but not enough 
to bring conviCtion to his mind of the 
impolicy of it. It mu(t, he faid, have 
itruck every meml>er of the coaitnitteei 
tharthoueh the allegations of thi petiti- 
ons were TufRciently far-fetched, t!he evi* 
dence produced in luppon of them were 
out of all nieafure exaggerated an^ un* 
candid. It had been contended, that 
manufacturers were not the objc^s of 
taxation ; and that, if they were^ the mode 
of collection by excife was unconftituti-* 
onal. And they had (tated, that the tax 
itfelf, compared with the expebces at- 
tending the collection of it^ was unpro- 
ductive; that io,oool. a year was th^ 
utmo(t it brought into the public purfe % 
and that the money paid by the manu- 
facturer was, by the nature of the col- 
lection, made double. They complained 
likewife of the difiicultiej^ attending ex- 
ponatiot\, and of procuring the c^avv* 
backs allowed by thea^; and of the ex-* 
cife (tamp being liable to be obliterated 
in the procefs of com pleating their wpirk^ 
and the manufacturers thereby fuljjeCtcd 
not only to a double duty, but to a fe* 
vcre penalty. 

As to the net produce of the to. Mo 
Pitt entered into a nice calculation, in 
oKler to demonltratc that it mud be moi^ 
than treble to what it had been (taM | 
an^, as to the other obfervatiOos, they 
were all eaCily obriated by proper regu^ 
lations. With regard to the excife 
(tamp, a difcovery had been made of a 
compof)tion that never could be Qhlite«> 
rated; and as to the mode of.coUeCUon 
by excife, no otje&ion could ireft againd 
it, as it was the fame that had uniformly 
been praClif<;d everfince the reign of Q^ 
Anne, and no inconvenience had beea 
fcit horn it. Having thus made it ap- 
pear (he hoped to the fatisfaCtion of the 
committee), that all the objections to the 
tax were fuch as at pre(ent had no 6xiit* 
eiice, at le^lt not Jn the degree (tated by 
the petitionerb ; or cife that, , by future 
regulations, they might eaiily be re« 
moved; he Ihoutd only add, that there 
"was anoilicr point ot -view in which ha 
wiihed to taicc up the qucftron,- and that 
was, the'defire he had of auietiug the 
miAda of a large body ofutefui »od in- 

tat ^wUpmrf 9f Proaedingi h thi prefent Sefton tfParliimaiu 

4tt((riout people, to whofe prejudices be Mr. Dimpt/kr expreflM hit ccfoeer# 

would at all times facrifice his own con- that the repeal had not been general. 

irl£lion, when he bad it in his power, as he The Ri^hc Hon. GcntlemaA, be faid; \/if 

had now, to cocnp^y with the prayers of this partial repeal had marked bit conftt' 

ft many thoufands without hazarding tucnu as criminalt, to whom ntf thercf 

ibe hopes lie had conceived of being able was to be extended . By the heavy tn clr 

10 create a (inking fund (over and above lad year the manufacturers of (printed 

Se necclTary demands of the public efla* cottons and linens in Scotlaiid \dA beev 
iibments},^ by which ^thc national debt burdened to the amount of ^o /rr oarf.- 
ikbttldi in time of peace, be in a very and by continuing this tax the hwk 
conftderable degree diminilhcd. Haviog would be ruined, and the poor ^vorkmea 
laid thu, be concluded with moving, rcdueed to beggary, 
^that it it the opinion of this com- Mr. Sb^u/oM rofe in juflificattoii of 
mittee^ that leaYe be given to bring in a the charaClers of the Mancheder manu« 
bill. to explain and amend an a£k pafled fadurers, which,. he faid, had been un* 
in the a4th year of the reign of his pre- juftiy afperfed by the Right Hon. Onti 
^Dt Majcfty, for impo(ing a duty by ex- He took occafion too todifavow the prin- 
ofe on certain cotton nuuiufa£^ures, and ciple by which he infiHed the Rt. Hon* 
to repeal lo much of the faid a£t as impo- Gentleman had been governed, of yield- 
ed a duty on plain cottons and fuftians." ing that to clamour and prejudice which 

Be by no means meant, he faijd» to ap- he had denied to juflice and redfoa ; and 

fij what be bad faid to the tax upon to (hew tlie nation that the Commons of 

jpAnted goodsi the ohje£lions to whicb England Were not a£iuated by fucb- 1 

Lad not been fupported. As foon as Mr. motive, he begged leave to offer an a* 

^tt fat down, roendment, ** that it appearing to tbt 

Mr. Fox rofe to give his confenttothe committee that the manufacturers,, &c. 

motion, hut on premifes in direC^ oppo- would be much aggrieved if the tai on- 

ficion to thofe laid down by the Rt. Hon* fuftians was fuftered to continues 

Gentleman in the Ixginning of his fpeech. therefore it was tlie opinion of the 

He followed Mr. Put in his computati- committee, &c." This occaTioned ibme 

ont, and infiiled tliat the manufacturers heat, and Mr. Wilberforce and Mr. 

were well warranted in faying, that the Rolle both fpoke warmly on the fubje£^« 

revenue to be relinquilhed was but a Mr. Stanleyj who brought forward 

trifle in comparifon to the fums paid by the Mandieder petition, followed Mr. 

the manufaauren, and the emharafi*- Dempfter in exprelfrng his extreme dil^ 

ments to which fo ^^^^'^ ^ manufa£iory faiisfadlion at the pavcial repeal implied 

bad been eipofed. To the doctrine, that in the motion. He was no left dif- 

ananufa^rers, as roanufaflurcrs, were plcafcd with tbe treatment which the ma* 

IKK the proper obje£ls of taxation, i\e nufa6iurers had received from the mioif- 

could never be brought to fubfcri be ; and ter, who, he faid, were the glory of 

be thought it extremely unwife in the England. He fpoke of MelTrs. Walker, 

ininider to declare, that he gave up that Richardfon, and the other gentlemen, 

to prejudice and clamour which he had who gave their teftimony at the bar of 

refufed to reafon and to fi£t. He did, the Houfe as men of virtue and probity, 

tberefote, mod folemnly deprecate that and above dating fal (hoods to the Houie, 

Srinciple, and proteft that it was not on or t.«i;ggerating fadts on any confidera^ 

lat ground that he feconded tlie motion, tion whatever. 

This principle Mr. Pitt rofe to dif- Mr. Edtn at length rofe, and entered 

claim, and termed it a grofs and mon- into an accurate ftatement of the pro* 

firous mifreprefentation of what he had bahle produce of the tax in quefliont 

advanced. and declared, on the mod attentive in* 

It appeared, therefore, that both were vefligation, that it could not amount to 

of die fame opinion. more than 6000 1, yearly \ and he had 

[Mr. F9X Attributed to Mr. Pitt a mo- the greater pleafure, he faid, in ftating 

tive whidb Mr. Pitt difelaimed, and both tliis, as it would prove that the revenue 

inaintained the principle, not to relin- would (uffer little by relieving the ma* 

auifli any tax on account of the clamour nufa£iurers of Manchefter, &c. from aa 

lac might be raifed agabft it by the intolerable grievance, 

people.] . Lord Surrgy argued ftrongly for a re« 

Lord North concurred likewife with peali/ilo/a; at did feveral other gentle* 

the minidei; in the repeal of the tax on men. 

luftians and plain cottons, and in con- Oa the (^uefiioa being put^ Mr. She*> 

ti^ttlng tbt tas on printed gfoedt* odan'ti 

Simmttj pf Prociidtngf in tli 


\ imendinent^was difpofed of» and 
mntX motion put and carried. 

deuce was produced at the bar in 
rt •f tbe petitions ngainil the iriih 
Stionsy and Mr. Fhrgot appeared at 
i\ for the iiMinufa6tiircrs ol London. 
(KX dca& of priTiftc bufmefe^ but 

Friday f A^ii a a. 
B Honfe relolved itfelf iato a com- 
of fupply I and 

t Pkt mored, *' tliac the fum of 
19 1. being the fvrpltK of the fink- 
od then in the £xcheouer» be ap- 
tmed to the iervice ot the prefcnt 

> Sd£n rofe to controvert the (late* 
of the Right Hon. Gentleman on 
iblic revenue, as held forth a few 
leforei and iniifted that the prodnce 
taxes of the laft quarter was not s 
id juft ftatement of what the pro- 
revenue of this country would be 
i year. This Mr. Eden proceeded 
ve with his lifual accuracy. 
. Piit remarked on the pleafure tkn 
•Hon. Gentleman had in fuidtog 
y thing that might throw tlie coun* 
» a deiponding {late* In the pre- 
tfianccy howeveri he w^as grounded} 
ly an elaborate dedudion of fa6^Sy 
ide it appear to the iatisfa£kion of 
Mife, that the net produce of the 
would amount to la millions for 
efeat year. . 

ne obje^ionSy however, were 
a out frona feveral quarters; and it 
loved by Mr. £den^ by way of e- 
tion, " that an account of the uses ' 
nto the Exchequer fincm Dec. 25^ 
to Jan. 5, 1785, be laid before the 

I Mr. Pitt moved, by way of com* 
%p a counter motion* 

Monday f dpril zy 
er the private buiinefs was over, 
)ufe refolvcd itfelf into a committee 
\ Xiittk propofitions, and continued 
uninc witnedes on ihat debate till 

Tuifday^ JfrilzS, 
, Fax roie 10 give notice, that it 
tS intention, on r riday next, to of- 
tropofxtion to the Houfc on the fub« 
[ revenue* He undcrflood, he faid, 
utr unfortunately was not in the 
, when the matter was in difcuf* 
diat there had been a difference of 

II between gentlemen on one (ide 
Houfe and jgentlemen on the other^ 
•at die fubjc£l was left,' undecided. 

with a vieyTy theicfortf f bring 

pnfiAl Sfjton 6f Par/iamtnt^ 6a jj 

the pre(ent (late of the revenue to )a clear 
dccifioo, that his oiotion would be di« 
re^od.. . 

Mr. Pf /If lamented that he was quite !•• 
the dark as to the Right Hon. Gent.*a 
i mentions % but, whatever they mi^ 
be, ht was happy' in faying* that im. 
whatever nranner the fubje^l of revcBtia 
iboulfi be. brought into difcuffion, tlw 
more cbfely the fubje<ft was cMvt^^sdU 
the fairer it would apjpnt oa the cfoftfi* 

The amendments made by ttie Lpi^ 
in the Ofifg R^^rm Bill came next under 
confideration f they were arttckcd by dii^ 

fentlemen in oppofitibn, md defemM 
y adffliniftration. They were put tw 
the voief but there not being members, 
enough to make a iwufey the Kotjk, 
bpoke up* 

Wfdatfd»f^ AprH a?^' 

The bill refp^aing the Rer$rmhmf 
Pubiic Ojgices was again taken into cbn^ 
fideration^ and an explanatory danfo 
added to the aanendment made by the ' 
Lordsf and the bill fent again to thn Up- 
per Houfcr 

Lord Mahoo^ bill for legvlanng 
county cle£lbBS was taken into confide^ 
ration, and, after feveral objeAioas to it, 
was by his Lordflitp withdrawn* 
Tburjdi^, ^rU x8* 

On the report of the committee tof 
which the peation of tha^elafs manuifac- 
turers had been referred, oeing biought 
up, a refoltmon of that oomrotttee was 
read, to this efied « '* That it was the 
opinion of the committee, that the plate« 
giafs inanufi£lurers had paid 7000 1. hmic ' 
duty than was intended by the legHlature 
when they paffcd the ad of laft fcffion.** 

This was ftrongly oppofed by die 
Treafury Bench. The ground of the 
refolution of the committee above (laire 
was this \ that as the duty was laid od 
the manufa^lure in the roi»h, a con(2de« 
rable quantity was wafted m the procfft^ 
fo much is amounted to the fum (lated 
ovcr-and-above the allowance ftated in 
the aa. 

It was contended, that if' the prefea( 
committee were to vote any. fuch refoln« 
tion, it would be confidcred as a prelrw 
minary vote of re-payment on ^e part of 
the public, and confemiently would en- 
title all odier manufacluren, in (imilar 
circum (lances, to a demand of a ^mtlav 
nature, the confcquencet of which to the \ 
revenue needed no explanation. The ro- 
folution was therefore withdrawn; bi|t 
it was then moved, that ir was theo^* 
nion of the committee^ <• that dkc du^ 

€t4 Skmmatj §f PrunHngt in tU prefini SijJUn •f P^tkamtnU 

«D pliKe^lafs ought to be col1c£^ed on 
the weight of the glafs after it was 
li^aiied }" which was agreed to^ 
Fridtffi April %^m 

Bfr. F9X^ agreeable to notice, brotigfat 
forward his motionf refpefliog fioancc. 
lie prefaced them with enhirgiog on the 
iqiport^Dce of the fubje6^; a fubje^k 
which was undoubtedly the moft mo- 
neototts to the public of any that could 
jKSflibly come under tlie difcudion of par* 
tiaiiient. He flrongly recommended the 
eftablifliment of a (inking fund« No 
i^;iaB, he faid, would rejoice more at be- 
ing convinced that the 6oances of this 
country were in a fituation to admit o^ 
fuch an eflablifliment $ but he never 
coukl approve of the minidcr who could 
attempt confidently to draw inferences 
from a fallacious calculation, which held 
out to the public a much too flattering 
pcofpefi of tlie (icuation of their atfairs. 
Here he entered into a counter calcula- 
tion» by wbich he endeavoured to prove, 
that the calculation of the Ri^ht Hon« 
Gentleman was deficient in the fum of 
itiioioool. which he had promifcd as 
an overplus to apply to the (inking fund, 
and whtcht he fuppofcd, would now fur* 
nilh a pretence tor a taxation, in order to 
make good that fund. He therefore 
held it his duty to contradi£V, if fa£ls 
could authorifc him to contradi^, calcu- 
lations foupded in error, that the public 
might not be inreQribl\E.led into a delu* 
iion by the vifionary reveries of any idle 
ipeculator. He concluded with moving^ 
. ^ that a committee be appointed to en- 
quire into the (late of the revenue of this 
country, and to report the fame to the 
Houfe, and their obfcrvations thereon. '* 

Mr. B.dem feconded the motion, and 
obfenred, as a very comfortable circum* 
ilance, that the cufloms of lafl year were 
1,200,000 1. more than in the preceding 

Mr. Pi// faid, he was happy to accord 
fb perfedly with the Right Hon. Gent, 
on the neceflity of edabliflitng a finking 
fund ; but, as to the motion now made, 
ht was forry it was of a nature to which 
hodcould by no means agree, as it feemed 
calculated to retard and obdruck the very 
mcafure the Right Hon .Gentleman lo 
warmly thought fit to recommend. The 
motion, he (aid, was no other than put- 
iiy{ the chancellor (hip into commidion ; 
wiucb was fo new, and of a nature fo 
fingular, that the Houfe would be at a 
lo(s how to proceed in the choice of its 
members. Tnofe who had already doomed 
a .very capital trading company, could 
not furely be thought proper pitrfoni to 

be appointed to inreftigate the paUk 
counts, and give life to national credit f 
(tL.Uud laugh,) He wat forry^ he laid# 
he had moved a ftring that he kmr 
would vibrate with the, |pBat]e(k tauch* 
He concluded with obfcrvmg on the is* 
conlidency of appointing ai committectflf 
enquire mco the oeceifity of ni6iJ||P ' 
1,1 10,0^1. when tlie utmoft that wouB 
be wanted for the fcrvice of the pneicBi 
year would not exceed $oo^oi»o L 

Mr. foot and Mr. Bmrkt both lofie tar 
reprobate the allufioo made by the Chao« " 
cellor of the Exchequer to the fijlt ladk 
Company. The latter was a(looUhed ae 
hearing fuch an allufion, when the'vjMnF 
gentleman [Mr. H^ Dundas] (at at hi» 
elbow, who laid betbre the Houie tlML 
date of the Company's affairs which .au* 
tborifed the concludons made to -dieir 
difcrediti He was ftiungly Ust tho no« 
tion ; as was 

Mn Sbtridamr who fecapituUfted tha ' 
calculations of the Right Hon. Guit* im ^ 
order to (hew in what articles they baiA 
been exaggerated. He approvc^^ tha 
motion. ^ 

Mr. Stale fupported Mr^ Pia's (late^ 
ment of the finances of this country^ 
which, he faid, were now in a OKift pr<^ 
mi(ing fituation. 

The quedion was put on Che modoDy 
and negatived. 

Mr. Fox then rofe, and moved for 
papers relative to the produ^ and appli* 
cation of the taxes ; to which the Clian* 
cellor of the Exchec^uer did not ohje£IL 


Mr. Urban, Jnfy^^* 

E fo g^ood as to find a place for tbo 
following Sluiries. 

1 . Whether there was not a declara* 
tton of the Houfe of Commons in 1 7oSf 
that the elded fons of Scottilh peers .were 
incapable of fitting there ; if that decla- 
ration was fet afide, and when was it foF 
If not, how comes it that Lord Mai> 
land, the elded fon of the earl of Lau* 
derdale (and perhaps others), is now m 
member of the Houfe * ? 

2. Whether the earldom of Norwibh, 
granted lately to the Duke of Gordon, be 
not the fird indancc (except peihaps the 
difputed cafe of the Duke of Hamilton >» 
of a peerage of Great Biicain being con** 
ferred on a peer of bcottand immediately f > 
Yours, Y. Z* 

* Such an incapacity it ttiil in force, bof^ 
we apprehend, ic is continned -oolv to mctt* 
ben in ScoiUod.*' Lord Maiilaod and the 
Mar(|[ais of Graham are eleQcd for Etig^ 
bi^odgk*. EbiT. 

f Ccitainly. Edit. 

L. Hivitw rf Ifew PuiGcatioHi. ' 625 

It6.Bi^aLtorascATovooiAPHicABti- bswl, of which aA account and print 

^AHViCA. N^XXX. CmtMimng tie BIf' were anticipated 10 vol. LlV. p. ^57.-:- 

L«riii>...^.A^f^..«:.. . »t^ *ri^. ^..ks^te. Twobioeraphical curiouj«i*rf<tf*;f fliall 

be ({xtracccd. ' 

«The Rev. Hcimr Hall, M. A. wft 
tire fon of • tobacconifl in Biihoprgate Streety 

THE tDcient hofpital bf Herbaldown when he wai born in 1716. He was feet 

(cofmnoiriy ftyletf Har1>iedown), a «*'*7 *» ^'«» « ^» aimiued on the founda- 

ntte Weft from Canterbury, originally !,«" " '7*95 and elefted to Kinj*, College^ 

iBCcnded a laia.^houle, and that of St. Ctabndfpe^ in 1735, where of courfe be be- 

Jolni'a. near the North gate of that city, f*"*^* ^^i^VJtl^^' *"1. '?^ *i! ^^P^ 

^?'i^^ ?f y?' l?*^ ? u"* *'!''°'^" Po'»"'^«» »••« »>» *i^*n it LimbetlL iL 

•d, iDfttad of lands, but with 70I. per ,7^. on the refigoation of Mr. Jones. U 

aanum, payable out of two manors, to that lUtioo he continue till ihe^ death o£ 

wlikh x6l. more to each was added by his patron, in 174.^, when Arthhilhop Her- 

Archbifliop Richard. Archbifliop Win- ring, who fucceeded ^o the primacy, being 

chdiey^ in 1x91, firft gave them a body fenfible of his merit J, not only continued 

of ftatotca ; and Archbifliop Parker, ia bim in that office, hot, on his taking orders, 

1565 aad 1574, largely added to it} by *PP<>inted him onaof his chaplMns, and ia 

jrhich they arc- now governed. Some ^P"\ "75° collated him to the rtaory of 

M hia fucct^ort made other additions, Haitledown (vacant by the promotion of 

and there were fevenil fecular as well as JllL: • ^'T* • ^""** " '** * ^^7 ^ 

wrticuhrfy King Henry II, who gave . HerSe, which he held by difpenf.tioo, to 

Herbaldown holpital, from his fee-tarm ^hich his Grace a/terwards added the fioe- 

in Canterbury, ao marks, or 13I. 6s. «d. core reflory of Orpington, in the deaory of 

jier annum, a large /um at that time, Shoreham, one of his peculiars. In 175$ 

which now ftill continues. Erafmus, Mr. Hall vacated Heme, on being prefented 

accompanied by his friend Dean Colet, to the vicarage of Eaft Peckham, by the 

gave an citraordtnary account of that I^»n ""d Chapter of Caiyerbory, by whom 

hoipital, as he returned from Becket's he was much efteemed, having grcaily affift. 

flirroc, vahxtPiTigHnMHoRitigionutr^ ^ **»«»' •«<*»«<»' »^ digefting many of the 

g9, icio. Each hofpital has 60 brothers ^^^i* charters, &c. prefer vcd in their re- , 

and fiftera, in all 120 ♦, of which the out f^^f §• In return, the lace Dr. W.Iwya 

have ,L 4s; each, and the in, wood, &c. i^T, !* wr^^riT^^^^ .t^V*?!!',^ ^^f" 

__.. L r 1^' ^1 ^ . ^.-u Vk-. ▼'carage,; was coUaicd by the Archbtlhop I© 

with a houfe, about 61. los. each. The ^j,^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ Mon&ehan,' ^oid by the 

Archbifliop 18 patron, and there are alfo ^^^^y, ^f Mr. Byrch. On the death of 

amafteranda chaplain <or reader) of Archbifhop Herring, in 1757, he refigned 

each foundation. Among the afthivet the librarianihip of Lambeth, and from chac 

of St. MichoUs is the celebrated maple time relided chieHy at Harbledown, in a large 

# VsCi 3oiB-brochen and fitters, with 5 out-brothers and fiders, at or near Canterbury, 
•ad t5 ai or near Lambeth, and %o as Herbaldown ; at St. John*s 38 in-brothen and fi/lcxa, 
with a oot-bffOlhtrs, at Caoterbory, and 20 out- brothers and fifteit at Lambeth. 

if. Of whom ice ihe article io p. 626. Edit. 

^ ** ifis Graces in one of his leucrs to Mr. Dancombe, faid, " I have an excellent young . 
«< umi fat my librarian, who never did, and never can, offend me.'* 

I "OfM mi ilte neareft relations to Ai^ibllbop Herring, who alfo appointed hitti one o€ 

1iia.caacniors. He married a daughcerof Sit John Torriano, and died at Ken/ington, April 

ig, 1774, being then re£(or -of Cbeveotog in Kent, and Callcfdon in Surrey, precentor of 

ChielMllarf n>rebendary of Soiithwelly and one of the priiicipal regifters of the prerogative 


' & <* Far wbieb, among other pr^ft, they gave htm, in December 1762, a fine copy of 
the Oaferd edhioo of Biftepflo^pi^a Work^, 1757, on large paper, and elc^tntly bound ; 
which cofj, after, his de«%lW^^ing been fold wiib hU other books, was purchafed by hia 
intimate uitnd' Dr. Ducarfilv m ' whofe library remains. Mr. Hall had rwo ex.* 
ctUeM taiaed drawings of Wimbledob and SaiotlMaryjCray churches, by Skelton, a ver^ 
|M|Winai jtmnr painter, paironifed by Arcl^iilhcift Herring, who died at Rome. Thefe ara 
»•« ia the ealkaioa of the Rev. Dr. BeMTOfii bciag pteicnu.d 10 htm by Mr. Haifa aan» 

QiiiC. Mao. ^«^, X7S5r V^U^^ 


Rtww $f New PMtatUmm 

It*, mh'ch be bire4y mv the fctt of 
Robtft Meatf WiUiwc, Et^. mKt foo of Sir 
lUvard. Soofl «f:cr tke orath of Archbiibop 
Her r leg, Mr. Hall was preicDted by bii 
aecu:ori to lEe treafarrribip of the caike- 
4rtA of Wcl 5, one of bis Grace's optiooa. 
He «ai aifo at firtt a competUor for the pit- 
ceiitorih:p cf L'ocoln, an optioo of Aicb- 
b:/bo> Po:ier (wbich Dr. R chardioo gained 
io 1763, 3T a dccrte of tbe Hoofc of Lords), 
KdI fooQ •iihdrem bis cUin, well (roonded 
as ic ferKrd. His icaroiDf and abilities wrsc 
greati bat not Taper ior to bis modcflj; and 
by bis fingdar stfabl'.iry be obtained the love 
sod cH^m of all who knew bin. His cha- 
ritable attenTloo to bis poor parlih'oorrs, ef- 
pcc!a!iy«oeD 'h?? were illy was cooflaot acd 
cxemi.rarj. At Archbifhop Seeker's pri- 
mary TiutatioA ai Caoierbory in 17589 Mr. 
Hall was " pitched opon** (bis Grace's om- 
cial ciprrfiion) to preach before him at St. 
Margaret's cbuich, which be did fiom Acts 
ZTii. II, **For all the Aiheoiatu aoJ lirai>- 
"gers which were there, fpent iheir tine in 
*' nothing elfe, but either to tell or bear foae 
*' new th'ng." He died a bachelor, at Har- 
bledown, KoT. i , 1763, in tbe 47th year of 
bis age, after a (hon illnefs, occalioned by a 
violent fweirmg in the neck, which could 
Act be accoonced for by tbe emiment phy6- 
iiaos who attended him. He was buiied 
■nder the communion-uble of Harbledown 
church, without any epitaph to prefcrve the 
memory cf that moft worthy and valuable 
nan, who lived oaiverfally bclovedy and died 
much regretted." 

Ir •>•*•• 

<' [ohm Chafmak, D. D. was re^or of 
Merttiaa, and alfo of Aldington, with the 
chapel of Smeeth^all in the county of Kent, 
ever fi nee the years 1739 ***^ I744« being 
then dome ft ic chaplain to Archbilho)) Potter. 
He was alfo archdeacon of Sudbury, and 
tieaforer of Chichefter, two options. Being 
educated at Eton, and eleAid to King's in 
2713, he was a csndidatefor the provoflibip 
of that college, with the late Dr. George, 
and loft it but by afmall majority* Among 
his papils he had tbe honour to dafs the pre* 
feot Lord Camden, Jacob Bryant, Efq. Dr* 
Cooke (now provoft), the late Dr. Afhton, 
Dr. Barford, James Hayes, £(q. (now n 
Welfti judgr). and, for a (hort time, the 
Hun. Horace Walpole- His remarks on Dr. 
Middleton's celebrated letter 10 Dr. Water- 
land were publilhed in 173 1, and paiTed 
tbrough three editions. In his '<£ufebius,*' 
s vols, 8vo, he defended Chriftianity againft 
the objections of Morgan, and againtt ihofe 
of Tindal, io his '* Primitive Antiquity ex- 
** plained and vindicated, being Remarks on 

«< a Book mntoled, " CbrifttsMlj atftf 
" tbe Creation." Tbe fir* voloDe of E«fe* 
bios, poblilbod in I739fl wm 
Archbiiisp PMier; aW vbea the ^^ 
appeared, in I74i» Mr. CbapoMB ft^rf 
biafelf •< chaplaM" to kia Oneu la <br 
fame year be was made awcbdtac— el Sid- 
bory;* was honoured with tbt diplaaa of 
D. D. br tbe Uoiveitity of Osfbrds and nb- 
l.fted «< Tbe Ancient Hiftory of tbe H^ 
« brews TiDd-caied ; or. Remarks ea ibe 
** third Vofnme ot' tbe Morpl Phiie fe pb CK l 
" wfcerern a pacticolar Accoont ii^vca tf 
*• the Shepherds in Egypt, and tbe Oi^^d 
*' Circvncificn in that CoDntry, by iftco^ 
** pbanes Cantabrigienfis," 8vo. He peb* 
lilbed alio two tradb rebiiog to PUcfQe»Ui 
aofwer to Dr. Sykcs, whv bad mainiaiiwdf 
that ike echpfe mentiooed by that wriKf 
bad no rektion to the wonderlbl daricaelk 
that happened at oar Sovioor's c — c i fitinii i 
In 1738 Dr. Cbapmais pobliflbed a SeoMS 
preached at tbe confecration of Biflfeop MaV* 
fun. He prinved foor other iicgle (cnDOQV 

»739. «743» >74*» *"^ «7^»- In » d ^m^ 
tion written in elegant Latin, and atfdacCv 
to Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Tonftall, then ^ob- 
lic orator of the Uisivei6t^ of Cambnteg 
and publiftied with his Latin EpiflletoDr* 
Middleton eoncenving the gennioeneft af 
fame of Cicero's Epiftles, 1741, Dr. Chap- 
man proved that Cicero poblilbcd two cdi* 
lions of his Academics; an original tboagbt^ 
that had efcaped all formef comineacaton» 
and which has been applauded by tbe (pie^ 
fcnt) Biftiop of Exeter, in bis valoabk edi" 
tion of Cicero's ** Epiftolx ad Faaailiaic% 
" 1749." 1" 1744 Mr. Tuaflall pvbliihed 
" Obfenrations on the piefent CollcAion of 
" Epiftles between Cicero and M. Brans» 
" reprefcniitig feveral evident Marks pi 
** Forgery in thofc £pifth:s,<cc.'' To vbick 
was added a letter from Dr. Chapaaaiif 00 
the ancient numeral charaAcrs of tbe Romaa. 
legions. Dr. Middleton had aflerted, ibat the 
Roman generals, when they had occafion t» 
raifenew legions indiftant parts of tbe eoipir^ 
nfed to name them according to the order 
in which they tbemfelvcs had raifcd tbefli» 
without regard to any other lepoAt what- 
ever. This notion Dr. Chapman c ot r ot e iti 
and confutes. According to Dr. Middktoa^ 
tlYere might have been two sbirtietb legimift 
in tbe empire. This Dr. Chapman denies to 
have been cuftomary from the foaodatiao of' 
the city to the time when BratM was aASng. 
againft Antocy. Dr« Chapman afiraia jmh 
thing of the praAice after the death of Br«^ 
tus. To this Dr. Middleton made no reply* 
111 1745 ^^' Chapman*s affiftaoce to Dodor 
(afterwards Bilbop) Pearce, in hit edition of 

ItivUw *»/ TJiw PuWitoAim* 


4e OSciU V' V** ^^s ikckoow* 
t tKc Preface : <* Me qaid Ycro hoic 
r 'imfftl qDo4 i me parari |>oflet ii 
4nii qu^b^^dalD firii^ aoiacia ^eis, 
•ill at hos iibros de OffiiHt tt\f%tm 
Srioecpm ftii quifque ennoCAta com* 
vent. Grathe igitur tfbiy Ltrdor* 
feiende font j in pninn erodltiffiaio 
Ihapoiamioy cojut non paocas noias 
ei Ic ^eAas meis adjonxi, ejm no- 
■4 finem iiaius oijui^ite appofiio. 
'a 4ebet ilU viroHefpublica literaria 
»oalla 9^ leAu dig niiEoia jam in 
pDOtolity plnra (utipero) proUtttnii^ 
»BDi fere doArinx geocri^e-tradit, 
ibili pcne & cadem felici dlligeDiia." 
ipBaD|introdaced Mr. Tonftall and 
II, aboat thit time, to Archbiibop 
be one as bis Irbrarian, tbe otber at 
>!«», -and therefore bad ibme reaiba 
t tkeir taking an a^ve part againft 
be option caufe— though they botk 
it dropped it. Dr. Cbapman'-t 
ebttoncd auack on Dr. Middletony 
e eoold not parry, and bit incerpofi- . 
Idence of hit mucb^Aeemed fr»eo4 
»rJand, provoked Dr. Middleton to 
'y in l^^y by aflTailing him in a 
•re Ti»lneraMe part, in bis charge de* 

the archdeaconry of Sodbary. In 
Mr. Moiintei>ey*s \ edition of (pme 

hrations of Demofthenes Dr. Chap« 
diicd jo Latin (wiihofn bit name] 
ntiont oh the Commentaries com* 
r aicribed to Ulpian, and a Map. of 
It Greece, adapted to Demofihenet/* 
ibilhop Potter bad lived to another 
» he was intended for protocnter. As 
' aod furriTJo^ trujftee to tbar preUte 
loA in that troA, particuitarly his 
■f himfdf to tbe preceotorihip df 
, Toid by the death of Dr. Trimnell 
his Grace's options), was brooght 
Bficery by the late Dr. Richardfon^ 
9rd Keeper Henley, in 1760, made 
i in Dr. Chapman's ftYoar | but, on 
al to tbe Hoafe of Lords, tbe decree 
nfed, and Dr. Kicbardfon ordered to 
nted. When Mr. Vorke had tinilh<- 
tf^oment, in which he wm very te* 
Dr. Chppman, Mr. Pratt (now Lord 
1), who bad been his pnpii, and was 
t ooanfel, defirei him, by a friend, 
c nneafj, for that " the next day he 

1 iNfli him at white as fnow." "fhoife 
t words. Thinking bis caie partially 
vf Pr. Bum, in his " Erdciiatticil 

Vol. I. (article BiSHors) as it wat 
the briefs of his advcrfarics, he 

t«yo|olatc4 «i|h l|im on the fubjed by lec- 
tor, to which the Dofior candidly replied^ 
that ^* he bj no meant thought him crirai- 
** nal, and 10 the next edition of his work ' 
« would ceitainly add hit own rcprefen- 


Thit Dr. Chapman always ctlJed 'oor 
D*' Itt excellence was mentioned, 
f h eocomiom, by a Cardinal at Rome, 

i^ho hai been i^hooi- fellow with Dr. 
IS ot Eton, and was eleAed to King'a 
in iTif*" He wjs afterwardt o 
f tho Sichcq«cr io Iceland* 

In an Appendix 'are Charters and 
private I>ceds relating to thefe Hofpi- 
tals, from two MSS. in the Lambetk 
Library, corre^ed by Mr. Hall and Dr. 
Qcauvoir, with fome other additieat by 
the Editor. 

£aft bridge Hofpital, on a bridge f» 
called, iii £e city oi Canterbury, is fiip- 
pofed to have been founded and endow- 
ed by Abp. Beckeu But this feems not 
quite certain, though it wat bonoureA 
with the addition of. St. Thoinat the 
Mart}r. It was originally founded for 
" poor pilgrims," was afterwardt alter- . 
cd, by Archbifliop Parker, fbr ** poor 
'* and maimed foldiers," and laftly waa 
fettled, by Archbifliop Whitgift, for 
five in aM five out-brod)ert, and aa 
manv in and out»fi(lert, with 10 poor- 
cbilaren, tanghr by a Ibhool-roafi^r and 
reader. The mafter hat the govern- 
ment of the whole. Tbe ftate of thit 
hofpital wat colle^ed from tile records, 
&c. in the cheft.*— Of thefe three hofpi- 
tal s viewt are engraved, and there is olfo 
one of King's (or £alt) Bridge. Other 
fmaller foundations, via. St. Gregory'a 
Priory, ^t. James's and St. Laurcuce'a 
Hofpitals (both laaar-bouies), St. SepuU 
chrt's Nunnery* Maynard's Spiral, &c« 
with views or ruint of mod of them, 
are alfo engraved. And there are three 
prints of ancient fealt. 

One of the mod curious, archjvef it a 
petition tp^thc parliament, drawn by 
Mr. Somncr (but not mentioned either 
by himfelf or his editor)* in confe* 
quence of which the annual penfion of 
i6oI. to the Hofpitals wat by him reco- 
vered and prefervcd in i646» He^ waa 
afttnvards mafter of St. John's, after 
the Redoration. In iSa£ it appears* 
that a fugar-loaf and a turkey was oc« 
cafionally a fee to couofel, that fugar 
was then i|d. per lb. and that, in i64.z^ 
a barrel of bcpr was 9s. and three 
quarts of fack^ a gallon of claret, and a 
gallon of white wine, 8s- »d. though 
'* that all red wine was at that time ' 
'* called claret is pretty certain, and 
" that the fiuk was not canary,' but 
^ rhcnilh, with which Famaf thought . 
<* it no fiq to mix lugar." 


TAMMXca. H^ XXkU GMUatit':»t a ib«r% 



Xtvinv 9f Vim TuhBcmlmam 

. gtmfat7gi:al P^itw of tht Fam'Jy of- Oliver «« ''*y>" ^ feetns Tery erident, thit 

Cromwell} "Mitb m ctftoui Pedgrtt. 4/9. punctuation was known in the. time of 

WE hare, in this publication, a Ihort that philofbpher; chough fome learn- 

but pcrfpicuous aecnunt of the family c<l writers place the date of this infcn- 

of the Proic^lor, who, notwithftanding tion 120 ycari after hit death. Sneto- 

all his crimen, was a man of undaunted nius informs us, that '* Valerias Probat 

j)crfonal cour::u:c and of political wif- 
dom, and wiil always excite the atten- 
tion of pofterlry. The family of Crom- 
well madr r\ conliderable figure in the 
counties of Huntingdon and Cambridge 
during the latter half of the x6th, and 


procured copies of many old books, 
and employed himfelf m coneding, 
pointing, and illuftratiog them, de- 
" voting his time to thit and no ochtr 
** pant of grammar." From which we 
may conclude, that in the time of Pro- 

the frirmer half of the 17th century, bus, or about the year 68, Latin MSS. 

and then funk fo fuddenly into oblivion had not been ufually pointed| and that 

that fcarce any traces remain of them, grammarians made it < their bufincft to 

except in the regifters of a few parifli lupply this deficiency, 
churches. It is generally conjeftured Punauation, however, long f«ntioed 

that thcv derived their delcent from one j^ ^ very imperfcft and unfettled ftate, 

common anceftor m Thomas Cromwell, governed by no laws, and reduced to no 

^r**'*^? J^?'^ °^ ?f*? ^y Henry VIII ; fyftem ; the .various points were diftri- 

though Oliver, with fomc warmth, told buted according as chance or caprice 

Goodman, bifliop of Glouccfter, who direded the pen or the prcfs. For in- 

pretcndcd to claim kindred with him, deed, after the invention of printing, 

av being himfcIf allied to that Earl, that the editors placed the points in an arbi- 

their families were not in any degree trary manner; aiid the fmall traft which 

related. The very correa compiler of Aldus Manutius, the Venetian printer, 

this article ^ivcs a fatisfa^ory account has left us on puniluation, will convince 

of the d^icendents of the Prorcaor.— ^5 ^hat this art was in a very imperfea 

This publication 1$, we think, both in ft^te in the 16th century. From his ob- 

form and matter, far prcft-able to the 
bulky collcaions of Mr. Noble, which 
arc frequently inaccurate, and continu* 
ally dclccnd to the moil unintcrefting 
and trivial rcfearches. ♦ * 

T12. ^ Ejfay on Punfiuatton, iinu, 
(Omtim'ed /rem ^. 381 ) and fte ft. 603.^ 

fervations on the origiii and pro^refs of 

fmnauation the author deduces the fol- 
owing conclufion: "As it appears," 
fays he, " that the flops in (he ancient 
« Greek and Roman daffies were not 
*« inferred in the text by the authun 
" themfelvvs, but have been added by 
" fubfcquent grammarians or modem 
T;1JS very ufcful publication, which ** editors, we may infer, that the true 

IS acdicitcd to Sir Clifton Wintring- *' fciife of all obfcure and ambiguous 

Ir :n., f'r irt. F R. S. and phyhcian in or- 

o'.;-. Y to his Majefty, defcrvrs our par- 
ticular notice. The injrenious audior 

iirft treat" of the origin of points, a fub- 

jcSc on wliith there has been much dif- 

ft rente of opinion j and which, as he 

•uith ri'nfon obfcrvcs, is notcafilv traced 

in the depths of antiquity. '* Suidas 

pafl'ages in their works is not to be 
** determined by commas, colons, and 
<« periods, but by the rules of good 

«' fcnlc and rational criticifm An 

"eminent fatiiilt [Pope], (continues 
" our author,) has attempted, in the 
" following couplet, to throw a ridicule 
" on thofe critics who employ them- 

*• iiulei.fl t'tlls us, that the p( liod and ** felve? in rc6iifying the errors of 

<' the coli.'ti Were diJcovcred and ex- " « . 

*• phrined by Thnilymachus, ai>out 380 

*' before the Clmltiar. aira. But 

** ic is moft pmbabie, tha: by periods 

*' and colons Siudas (»nly means the 

** coinpoiiiiun of fucli fentcnces, and 

** meu.bcis of fen^ciKe^, as Demetrius 

♦' riiikieiis, C'tero, and other ancient 

*• wriii.r>, have diflini^uilhtd bv ihefc 

" terms." Fiom a puiiaj^v in Aiiftotlc, 

in which he friya, ** h is difficult hot- 

*' r*^** (to ppiiu) ^^^ wriiin^^i of He- 

** uUhu!>, on 4ccounc of their obfcu* 

" punftuation : 

•« Commas and points they fet eiaAW 
"right, ' . ^ 

" And 'twere a fin to rob them of their 
" milt." 

" But this ftrokc of raillery can only 
" alFeft thole annotators whofc ideas 
" are entirely confined to trivial cir- 
" cumftances, uho extend their enqui- 
<« ries- no farther than a point or a va- 
" rioui reading, and have no lafte for 
"the nioic imp»Mtant and exquifite 
«• btauiici of au elegant comporui,)n.** 


RiviiW pf Niw PuilUatiifi^* ^9g| 

In addition to this we will remarky that « noihwg them, unlefs it happ«iui to be 

tbaooly -apophthegm of Pope which \* placed in eoiiformity to the r^es d 

traditional meinory has preferred to us '< punf^uatidn." 

ia levelled ^s^inft the authors of Di&io* . P. 93. It is remarkable, that 19 chap* 

narieSt the moft nfefui clefs of men in ters in the ReTeiations begin with 'And* 

the whole ranks of learning. ** I would *■ It is fo;* but it ihould be remembered, 

-**. allow them,", (aid he, •< to know the that neither the Old or New Teftament 

'^meanmg of a liogle word,' but not of were originally divided into chapters or 

**^ two words put together." We need verfes. 

abc add, that both the fpoken and writ- We muft not difmifs this work with- 

ten teftimoay of the poet againft tbcfe pot giving it the higheA commendation, 

senlous fervants of literature were dif-i nor without obierving, that its inge- 

mcefvl.ooly to him(elf««— The follow- nious author merits no inferior rank 

uu; chaptera treat, of the whole art of amoogft thofe who, by their labour and 

.pnBtingi of the. proper diftribution of- their learning, have fmoDthedand fact- 

the comma, the femicolOn, the colon, litated thie plsths of literature. * * 

and the period ; of tht notes of interro- ^ ' 
gation, See. I with ample examples of 

each) and form* we think, a Very juft n$* Sinffurtt em Btdefia/Ucsl ./Ihtfis. Sww 

and regular fyftem of punftuation ; TriE author of this well meant pam- 

which, as the author, obferves, though phlct fecms not to be aware, that, m an . 

it is liable to fome objcftions, and is ccclefiaftical view, each dioccfc; is, as ic. 

. not fufficient to direft the learner m were, one parifli, of which the- bifliop ia. 

every imaginable combination of words rcftor, with feveral curates under him. 

and phrafes, will enable anyone to form Now. when the bifhop fubftitutes one 

a.compctent idea of this important fub- rcfidcnt curate in the room of another, 

jcft, and to divide his fentences, both as he docs when he liccnfes pne paro- 

in reading and writing, with greater ac- chial pricft to'be his own reprcfcntative 

curacy and precifMm than they are in any pari (h, during the ^blcnce of an- 

ufualiy divided in the generality of other parochial pricft, there k nothing 

hooks, wherein the punauation is ar- that infulis common fcnfe, or that in- ' 

bitrary and capricious, and founded on jures religion. On all fubjcas, men,' 

np ^cral principles.— The Appendix, however well-nleaning, if dcflitute of ^ 

which alio contains much ufeful infor- fome lure fundamental principles to 

niatioh and remark, treats of the ufc which they may rcfort, arc perpetually 

and proper diftribution of capital let- n^ble to have their undcrftandings 
lers — of thofe charafters that occur in • ptaycd upon by caut phrafes and equi- 

gramroar, rhetoric, and poetry— of ab- vocal terms. Thus do lounds become 

breviations and technical terms reUtive fubfliiutes for fenfc.— The author oC 

to books— of -abbreviations of Latin thelc Stnflurcs we conceive to bea dif. 

words— in titles of honour— in chrono- fcnter from Oic cftablilhed church. If 

logy and geography— m arithmetic and our fuppofition is right, his cyident un- 

commeree-— of abbreviations and cha- acquaintance with the ftatc of our 

rafters in medicinal prcfcriptions— of clergy will not be unaccountable. He 

numeral letters— of arithmetical figures, fay^^ ti,at he lives in uoi the fmalleft 

Dr. Wallis, fays our author, is o>opi. dioctfc in England, and that he can- 

nion, that ihcfc laft were brought into „ot count fcvcn rcfidcnt incumbents m, 

England about the year 1130. Chau- j^; •« 
cer, who wrote in the X4th century, 

fpeaks of them as new and lately in- / » 

trodoced. ' jt^, A fir 'as AJdrefs on the Jangefous Cmft* 

** It is obfenrable,*' he adds, p. ^trat of nrgU^lncr tamTKoa Coughs and 

S9, '*that every verfe in the Pfalms, (UJiis, idEdit. To tubich i» [arej mw- 

** the Tc Deum, and ether parts of the ^^tlrti, Smceejtful Di^^^tta^s to prevem mad 

" Liturgy, is divided by a colon, #. g, ^un Confumptum, ^vo,: 

"The Father: of an infinite Ma jcfty. " WHAT! ^' uld 'you have the 

''This' point is calculated for choirs, plague?" faid nn eniinent phyfician to , 

*' and only ferves to divide the chant one 'vhu told hmu lie had only a cold. 

*• into two parts. Though we are told, Of the 01 ir.i. n Hems theliberal and 

" that ^he PfaUns are *poimtfd as they ' in^euiou^ auuir»i /.: ihi;* pnmphlet. Tho 
''are to be fungfx/aui in churches,'^ molt ncviic ..:;d Cni.i^cious maladies to 

** the colon. U not to be regarded in whicii uc humuu iiame is fubj«a, are 

• ( - 


Rtvino if Neva PulHUatians* 


generally the confequenees of colds, /brftis us, that Ricbard Cnihaw, tbe 

iieg;le£led, or improperly treated. The author of thefe poems, lived for a iboft 

▼uTgar and abfard proverb, *< Stiiff a feries of years before the middle of 

'* cold, and fiarve a fever/' has, where- the lad century; and then adds, from 

ever it has obtained, been perhaps more Wood's Athin^t Oxoiuemfes, that he re- 

definj£^ive to mankind than the plague ceived his academical education partly in 

itielf. The author recommends the Pembroke*Hall,Cambr. wherehe wasa 

following regimen upon the Bid ap- fcholar, and afterwards in Peter- Houfe, 

pearance of a cold: '' As foon as of which he was a felloV;' that, during 

*' it is found to come upon a perfon, the great rebellion, being driven from 

** he ibould immediately leflen the his lellowihip, he renounced his reli- ' 

" quantity of his food, whieh ihould gion, and retired to Parts ; thence he 

" confift of flappings, moderately warm, 
" efpecially at night, fuch as fmall 
" broths, water-gruel, and the like; 
*^ the folids ibould be nee, fago, light 
'* puddings, fruits, and vegetables ; 
** the drink (hould be barley-water, 
^ fmall beer, apple-water, linfeed tea, 
" toaft and water, water-gruel fweeten- 
" ed with honey, or any other cooling 
^* liquid." He recommends bathing 
<fie feet in lukewarm water; and when 
there is a tendency towards hoarfcnels, 
or a cough, advifes the ufe of the m- 
haler. As modes of prevention, he re^ 
commends an attention to the warmth 
cyf our cloathing, and bathing in fait or 
frefh water. Indeed, as to our cloath- 

proceeded to Italy, where, through the 
means of letters, procured for him by 
Cowley, from Qh^^ Henrietta Maria, 
he became fecretary to a cardinal in 
Rome, and ar length one of the canons 
or chaplain^ in the church of Our Lady 
of Loretto; where he died about 1650* 
The Editor alfo tells us, that the works 
of our author have been highly fervice* 
able to Milton, Pope, Gray, and Young, 
and many other celebrated EngliSi 
poets; but that "to parcicularife further 
would be, in fome degree, an infult to 
the intelligent reader.** — We will inform 
this new retainer of the Mufes, that, as 
aflertions, unfupported by proof, are 
not admitted in the courts of Themis, 

ing, wc are lefs wife than almodany of fo neither are they in thofe of Parn^f- 
our neighbours, who fail not to provide fus. Our Editor is extremely offended 

againft the change of the fcalons by 
proper changes of raiment. This wife 
precaution is too much negle£Ved among 
us ; and we are inclined to believe, that 
to this neeligence is owing that colds 
are more frequent among us than, we 
believe, amongi! any other nation. Fo- 
reigners are accuftomed to fpeak of this 
malady as of one peculiar to the Eng- 
Jilh, and have accordingly denominated 
it "The Catch Cold."— To this edition 

with Pope, for having faid that Cra- 
ihaw was one of thofe whofe works 
may juft deferve reading. Now, not^ 
wirhHaoding the praifes and the criti- 
cifms of Mr. Peregrine Phillips, we fee 
no reafon to diffent from the opinion of 
the Bard of Twickenham. As to any 
flight refemblances that may be found 
in Milton and Cralhaw, we willobfcrvci 
that the latter's Sofpitio d'Her^de is evi- 
dently the produ6^ton of a mind deeply 

are added, ** Succcfsful Dire£lions to tinfkured with Italian literature. From 
prevent and cure Confumptions," that iburcc Milton drew much; there- 

which fecm dictated by the fame ability 

and benevolence which mark the whole 

of the "Serious Addrefs." With rc- 

eommcikding one veiy ilriking paiTagc 

in the Preface to the notice of our 

leaders, we Ihall conclude our account 

oT this ufcful publication : *• Were the 

^' incipfcd hints (ttiflly piu-fued, the au- 

** ihor would have very little bufinefs, 

^* and half his brethren of the faculty 

** mud then be obliged to feek fome think, one of the bed pieces in the 

** other means of earning a livelt* colledlion. 

** hOild." * * « 17 lUi K 

'* Epitaph upoit Ma. Asrton* 

fore if, as our Editor fays, or icems to 
fay, many of the beauties in the ** Pa- 
<* radifc Lofl" are to be found in the 
•' Sofpctto d'Hcrode,'* a work of an 
earlier date than Milton's, we believe 
they may, with tolci"able certainty, be 
afligned to a purer fourcc and an higher 
original than Craihaw.^-The following 
Epitaph, of which Pope made ibme ule 
in his verfes on Elijah Fenton, is, we 

Ii4. Poitry hy Richard Cr»fhnw. Jm. 8vo. 
THE Editor of this work, Mr. Pe- 
regrine Phillips, attoiney at law, in* 

'< The modeft front of this fmall floofy 
Believe me, Reader, can fay more 
Th«n many a braver marble can^ 
Utrt liu truly tmtj} Mam / 


tht, wbofe conicienee wu t'^fclo]^ 

TtMt troobled neither Church nor King i 

One of Mfi few chat in this town 

HonoiiT;aUprcschens heir their own. 

fltfmoM be heardy ytt not fo many 

Ja kk QOtfme to praAife anji - 

Ht htard then revrreodlyy and then 

Uta pra£kioe prvach'd tbeoi o'eifaio i 

Hia Pmrimr Sthmtmt rather were 

Thoiie to the cje, than to the ear f 

Hit preyera took their price and ftreagth 

Koc from the loudneft nor the length. 

He wat a Protcfiant at homey 

Wot only in defpight of Rome ; 

He lov^l hia father, yet hit seal 

Tore not off hit moiher^f TeiL 

Toth* Church he did allow herdrefi^ 

Trwe hcnnty to troe holtneft. 

Feajce, which he loT*d in life, did le^ 

licr hand to bring him lo his end. 

When Age and Death calPd for tht {aart. 

No furfctu were to reckon for. 

Death tore not tbcreforcy hot, fans ftrifef 

Ceotlj nntwin'd his thread of life. 

What remains then, bni that thoo 

Write ihefe lines, reader, in thy broWy 

And Wy his fair example's light 

Bom in thy imitation bright ? 

So, while thefe lines can bnt bequeath 

A life, perhaps, onto his death, 

Hia betteir epttapb ihall be, 

HiaUfc fKd kept alive in thee.** 

kiffiiW 6/ Kliiv PuNicaticnii 


Their branching amt his cedars fpraa^ 
is pines trinmphfnt flwocinto thQiky: 
<< Tyrant, no barb'rooa txe invadca, 
*' Since thoo act falloi, our iuipieic'4 
" ihades.** 
To dMet thee. Hades roafes from benentbii 

An iron fmile his vifage wears ; 
He calls through all the drear abodes oC 
Deaths * 

His calls each mighty chieftain hears. 
And Icepter'd kings of empires wide 
Rife from their lofty thrones, and thaa accoft 
thy pride I 

** Is this weak form of flitting air 
The potent lord' that fiU*d th' Aflyriaa 
Thus are thy vannted glories gone. 
Where thy rich ftafb, thy fprightly TioU 
Beneath thee is corruption fpread. 
And worms the covering of thy bei'f 
How aft thoo faU*n, bright fiar of oricil 
day I 
How fairn from thy sethereal bight, 
Sob of the aaoniing! Thoo, whofis fangiiac 

Glar*d terribly a balefol light i 
War kindled at thebUze, and wild 
^nib^i Slaughter, Havoc ru(h*d, their rdlet 
with blood defird«" 

• • 

Our iimiu not permitting ut to make 
^, ^ . ^ . , . . • longer extiii^^, wc muft uke leave oi 

115. TA# 0^mar»ra/i7 Babylon, mnf /At ^j^is excellent performance, with ex- 

THIS ia a bold and animated para- author, by continuing his Ubours ia 

Dhnife 00 the 13th and 14th chapters of jhit fruitful vineyaid, wiH gratify the 

Ifatah. The author it the Rev. Mr. expeftationi he- has raifcd by the pre- 

Patter, and the perforinance i$^ worthy feot fpecimen of hU talents for the un- 

theiiranlUtorof JElchylus. The Pro- dertaking. 
fopopoeia, in the Song of Exultation, is 

• * 

wonderfully fublimc. The (hade of the 
^en king of BabyloA is reprefented as 
entering the cavern of Death, where 
the deoeafed kings of Judah aic lying 
ia funeral flatc. Thefe rife from their 
couches at hts approach, and receive 
him ac the entrance of the- vault with 
infiAlts <m his fall. 

** The fpoi1-gorg*d city is no more ; 
The praod oppreHbr of the nations falls | 

Sank in the duft her towcr*d walls: 
Her van^iih'd monarch welters in his gore. 

Jehovah from his impious hand 

Hath rent the eo^n of command 1 
That iron feeptre, whofe iaapctuous force 

Smote empires, trembling at bit rage. 
The Earth exulting views hubreathlefs corfe, 

And Peace recalls her golden age ; 

Cheerful burft foith their ihoutsof joy. 

116. Kearney's jhmml Tmc TMt, mebuUag 

mU ibt turn 0ms •/ tb§ Tttr 1715. Lik*^ 

wfe ibe Stsmt Dutku dnom i§ tki Jltmt Fi* 

riod, Thit ^fff*^ C^kSim xmtnrim m wmck 

, at is h ztntrmi meetfiiy m it im wm tf eh4 

Mitle sad Ftm^it Ssrvmatg, Arreftt md Jtg» 
thm, XP^ndfUW New mtd Old bnfy, R§» 
ceifn$, Ntttst Bilk rf Exehmmgtf Bitdi^ 
j^timtntif JLegantt, O^um, iUrfi^ P^- 
ii»rfit, amd tbgrt^ Stsga^CMihttt jIuC" 
thmertf HoufgSf Hsckmy -CoMchet, FrhMita 
Carriaies. Fammkr^kerst Lkmtut i/ nmrimn 
Tr^st &c» &t* /m, 8w«. 

HEAVY and numerous as are the an- 
nual taxes, and voluminous the ftatutcs^ 
for fuch a cheap and compendious fix- 
penny l^adt M€€mm the publick are 

much indebted to Mr. Kcarfley. In- 

The furious hand no more Ihall bleeding flead (as is the manner of fome) of 

M realms deftroy.*' prcfuming to review or repeal them, 

«« The lordly Lebanon waves high ^*^ "V^^ ^"'^ .P^*°'. **"* ***** rwfojahle 

The aaoent hoomirs of his head » 

daufe that has been now tnfemd 


kiviiw if Niw PulUMtmu 

in the Horfe Aft, tiz. an abatement 
iiaving been made, by the a)£(ing com- 
hiifDoners, of the whole duty to any 
pierfon occupying a farm not wodli more 
thah 1501.' a year to be let, if proof be 
made on oath that no perfon (hall 
have ufed any horfe, if adefled, '< for 
'* the purpoie only of riding to and from 
**• market, or church, or other place of 
** public worfhip, and to no other place, 
** or for any other purpofe of riding." 
But it docs not yet fuppofc (as it 
would have been expe£ that the 
horfcs of '< fubahem officers" (hall yet 
be excufcdt^hofe of '* non-commiifion- 
'< ed officers and private foldiers" of 
cavalry beings alone exempted. Let it 
be added, that in this Imall abftra6l a 
difficulty may be hinted in regard to 
the term now commencing of the new 
daties on fcrvants, horfes, a^d coaches, 
Tiz. thofe duties now paid being quar- 
terly, from July 5, 1785, though, be- 
fore that, all the former duties mud 
have been previoufly for a year to 
commence, but it does not appear that 
fuch exceptions are mentioned, or a 
due allowance by the afTeiTors or com- 
miffioners made. A duty, for indancc, 
is now to '* take place, from and after 
** the 5th of July, 1785, for 1 male 
*^ fervant, &c. per annitm, il. 5s. ;" but 
the duty) by a former (Vatutc, having al- 
ready been paid on the 21ft of May, 1785, 
iL 2S. jd. f , can it be luppofed that the 
new duty above-mentioned mud in fix 
weeks be alfo paid for, il. 5s. additio- 
nal ? This» literally, feems the cafe ; but 
(as wc have not yet feen them), the Aa- 
tutes at large mud furely have guarded 
againfl fuch apparent hardship and im- 

1 1 7* Memoirs of the Baron De Tott« 
(Continued from p, 374.^ 

M. De Vergcnncs being appointed 
ambadador to Conftantinoplc, on the 
death of Sultan Mahomout, our author 
accompanied him ** to learn the Ian- 
** guage, and to lludy the manners and 
" government of the Tuiks." They 
arrived there May 21, 1755. Omitting 
his defcriptions of places and manners^ 
loo copious for our limits, wc fliall in 
general confine ourfclvcs to his adven- 
tures. His firtl object was the lan- 
guage, vWiirh he foon acquired, difficult 
as it is, and^this enabled him to form 
ufeful conne^bions. Soon after his ar* 
^val, two thirds of that immenfc city. 

and the Grind Vifir't place. Wore COQ^ 
fumed by a fire, fhis was foilowfd hf 
a famine and the plague, which lattasr 
carried off upwards of 1 50^000 id Coa* 
ftantinople alone. The Baron d»» 
fcribesy as Madam de Tott di£bted to 
him, a viiit fiie made with her mother 
to Sultana Afma, daughter to the Em* 
peror Achmet, and lilter to his fucoef- 
ibrs, and gives alfo an entertaining ac- 
count of a vifit of fome days they made 
in the country to the Chief Drogmao 
[ interpreter] and his lady. Soon after 
their return, Sultan Ofinan died, and 
his nephew, Mu^pl^a III, the eldeft 
of Sultan Achmet '3 fons, fucceeded* 
<< This prince, as well as his brothers, 
'* had very ihort legs, and appeared tall 
"only on horleback. A palenefs, at- 
" tributed to the effe£^8 of poifon, large 
'* eyes Parting out of his head, [and] \\\i 
" nofe rather flattened, feemed to indi- 
*' cate neither vivacity nor underhand- 
** ing.*' But as to his weakncis, the 
great men who hoped to govern him, 
and the people who thought he would 
be lavidi, were alike roiftaken. The 
ceremony of '* girding on his (ahre," 
or the form of taking poffcfllon, which 
anfwers to our coronation, is defcribcd^, 
as are the public rejoicings, and in par- 
ticular the entertainment given by the 
Effendi on the birth of a princefs, who 
was married, at fix months old, to a 
Balhaw. Two unfortunate events (yia. 
the feizure of the admiral's ihip, which 
was carried to Malta by the flaves on 
board, and of the caravan which had 
been attacked and cut to pieces by the 
Arabs), occafioned great murmurs* To 
divert the popular attention, and pre- 
vent future famine, the Vifir formed a 
projc^ of dividing Afia Minor by a 
navigable canal, fit for the conveyance 
of provifions. On this our author was 
confulted, but with the difcontents the 
projc£t vaniibed. The tyranny and 
cruelty of the Turkilb government, the 
kind of juftice adminiHered by theit 
tribunals, and the ufe, or rather abufe, 
of power, both by the Grand Signor 
and the Judges, are illuftrated by feve* 
ral reniaikahle inftances. In 1763 oui( 
author returned to France, to folicit a 
more ufeful employment. His father 
had jud died at Rodofto on the Pro*« 
pontis, <' in the arms of Count Tezaky, 
** and in the midft of his [Hungarian*) 
** countrymen." He had • followed 
Prince Ragotz? to that town, (et apart 
by the Grand Signor for his refidence, 


JtH^MO ^ Iftw PnbRcatini* 


ted tlu^ pf tb^ reAigeet, land {eft k Kew Servja, in confequence of thi< 
Cp 17 179 to inter into tliQ lerrice of irruption, was ravaged , 1 50 villages and 
Pmnct. Being fent by the [Utel Duke tjicir crops were deftroyed, &c. chougii 

of Cliotlcqlyoa his Iremming thc-foreiju^a 
dep^rtlAtiitt to rcfide with the K^m of 
the T»titr»» the Baron left Patis July 
|Q» ti^lf anti by Vienna, Warfaw, I^a* 
mioidk^ &c proceeded to YalJi* the ca- 
bitat of MntdavSa, under the efcoit of a 
Turkifk officer, Kiving, bv the way, 
many chara^^riKlic train of the man- 
peri aild fiavery of chofe oppre({ed 
Gr^ekt. He was there intro^ccd to 
the reigning prince, ^ho was Ton to the 
old Drogm^n oCtbe Porte, above-men* 
tinned, wiio ient a gurtrd with him to 
&nis' Arabia, from whence he was con- 
duded through the country of the No- 

fo ioteofe was the cold, that one day's 
march end the army more than ^ooa 
mcBj and jo.opo horfes, who perilhcd 
by it. Thcfe ravages, '.ontrary to the 
Kam's ordersywcre continued even into 
the Polifti Ukraine. " The flaves c^r- 
" ricd oBf by the aimy were 20,000 * i 
*' the cattle were innumerable." homo 
of the troops were difmiHed at Savraa 
in Poland, where the plunder vv as di- 
vided, and the reft at Bender. Krim^ 
Gucray proceeded to Kaouchan, and 
from thence towards Kotchim, where 
being attacked by fomc hypocondriacal 
complaints, to which he was Aibjc*^, ia 

guais Tartars (wandering tribes), of fpite of the ftrongeft rtmonftrances of 

whofe mannen we hatre a curious de- the Baron, be took an empyric remedy 

fcription, and the lines of Orcapi, the prefcribcd by one Siropolo, a Greck^ 

barrier of the Crimea, to BadVheteray, born ai Corfy, phrfician to the Piince 

the re(idence of the Kam. Of that 
prince our author had (bon an audience, 
and by degrees provided himfelf with a 
tolerable houCe and furniture. In (horCi 
his '•po/ition*' (as it is ftyJed) with re- 
rpe£l to the Kam and his minifters, and 
the manner in which he i'urmcd his cf- 
tdblifiimeot, rendered his (lay lupport- 
Able. For his employments and aniufe- 
mencs, as well as the manners of the 
Xartars, and defcription of the country, 
its hiftory, &c, we mud refer to ihe 
work. Sufnce it to fav, that it was 
rcfcued from the yoke o^ the Gcnoefc 
(of whofc tyranny Tome traces reuuin) 
by Mahomet II. On the cvmoicnce- 
meat of the dtfturbances in Poland, 
the Kim Makoud was depoftd, and 
K rim -Cue ray rcpl^iccd on the Taitar 
throne. With the (;onfidence of this 

Srincc the Baron W7\% Ut rcmarkaiJy 
oqourcd at to be fcnt by him on an 
emoady to the confcdcr.itcs in Molda- 
via, and afterwards (]**"• 9» '7^9'; '^^ 
took tiie held with him on an cxpcdi- 
tioa imo New Servia, dreifcd, iu part, 
4S'a T*inar 0^ tl»€ raicnts and uiider- 
ftandin^ of this Tartarian Monrtliquicu, 
the Baiv'n )^ivc» fevcial ftnking proofs. 
Afirer reviewing his troops one d^ty, the 
jLtaa aiked the Sultan and his mi- 
;Dks(lcny if, in the view they had jull 
(akcsiy they di'linguilhcd the bravclt 
flitn ia the army ? The Alcnce of thp 
omictter^ mark^ fufiiciently their an- 
jEivtr. •• It is neither vou. nor I," re- 
sumed Erim-Gueravy jtjcularly j '* vvc 
•« ere «li armed :— -Tc u is the only man 
f* who iff^f go to war anarmeclj he 
f* h^tiQH even a knife. 

^IHT* Mao. Aumfif i;!^. 

of Wa!lachia,and his agent in Tartaryt 
The fymptoms were next day alarming* 
•• Wc were without hopes," adds our 
author, "and I had no exp«£^ation of 
** again feeing the K.<m, when he fent 
'* CO nic to come and fpcak to him. In- 
<• troduced into his harem, I found 
♦* there feveral of his women, whoie 
" gricf,andthegcneralconftcrnation,had 
<< ma<(e them ncgle£^ to withdraw. He 
*^ had juft Hniflied different difpatchcs 
<< with the Divan Effcndi f. Shexyin? 
** me the papers which were lying round 
" him, * Sec there,* faid he, * my lall 
" work J and my laft moments I hav« 
** rcfcrvjd for you.' But foon pcrQciv* 
" ing that my grcatcft cff.jrts could. not 
** C(?nccal the poignancy of my forrow, 
•* * Let us rcp^rare,* added he, * and I 
*< w»ll try to ijro to flcep more gaily.' 
** He rhen made a fign to fix muhcians^ 
•* at the bcMon of his chamber, xJtf be- 
**. gin rhcir conceit, and I learmtdf an 
'* hour after, that this unfortunate prince 
** hrciihcd hii 1*11 to the found o*^ mu- 
*' iic. ' It is unneccflary for me to fay 
*' what regret was occafioacd by the 
lots of him, nor h<ivv much I was 
niyfelf afBictcd. The aiBiclion wai 
gcneial ; and terror even took fuch 
•• poflfetrum of mens' minds, that they 
who fltpt the preceding even^n'^ iti 
the moil perfect iVcurity, thought the 
cntmy was already at their g.KCS."-— 
Krim-Gueray, it is elfewherc laid, wa^ 
" about (ixty vears of a;;e," ;«nd ** join- 






tiie e .(.re rcAorcd to auoU 
t $csriUTyoCihiiC9ttAA% 



Hevlew »f Ktvi PuhluaticMU 

cd to in adTintagcou) (iie a noUe whnm and hit folbwtrt the Foiu give 
Cirriage, eafy manneri, » miwftic m sfyluni. In conrcquencc of thit ori- 
countcnancc, a lively look, and the pn he was fiill introduced lalhc Grand 
happy lalcrt nf alTuinliig at plearurc Si^or, who, by a toircrpondcocci ob- 
' appearance (if getiile affability, tamed hii confidence. The RuJEini 
ila commanding feverity." In having dedrojcd the Tui^ilh army it 
"can this Craout, and ihdr navy «. Tcbefroe, 
lit under- the gcneial conftcrnaiion wai fpread 
throiighoui the capitil, redneed to the 
dread of famine and ' ' 

commanding feverity." 
another place the Bflro ' - - 
" icflimony to ilic taleni 
* '' (landing nf thii prince. 1 hav 
" veral limtt hcaid him deliver hii 
" npioioni on the influence of the di- 
" mate, on the abufct and adTantagci 
" of liberty, on the prtnclpio of ho- 
" jinur, on ibe laivi and maxim-i of go- 
r ohlch would 
I Montcfiji 

:, fo ^reat was the panic, fa blind 
was their ignor^ncC) that Hannibal was 
really at the galci, the Dardancllei 
were endangcrtd.ind were cvenpropofcd 
tn have been abandoned. When in that 
dilemma, the Baron de Tott, being 

ftlf." Thoueh. on embalming commiffioned bv the Poite, and per- 

dVi fymptoma of poilbn were evi' mittcd by the French ambafTador, un- 
'■"" dcitook at once rlicir prottflian, and 
flew CO the defence of thofe impotw.nt 
ealiici. In fliorc, meri-ly by preparing 
and loading fomc red-hut balls, he 
diove the Kuffi.mi out of their reach. 
Admiral Elphmllon, an EngliA cap- 
tain, lately dcccafcd, eominaadcd thii 
fleet. " 

the bod' . 

Jent, S*irop»lo obtained, 
culcy, a ptlTpoii to rciui 
Wallachia. while the I'rince''i corpf= 
was carrii'd. in a mouming-coach and 
fix, guarded by fiFtv horfenien, alfo in 
tnourning, into the Ciimea, " a euflam 
. " no where in u/e throughout the E»ft 
"' but among the Tartan." Thiilofi, 
and the uncertainty of his fituat ion, de- 
termined ihc Baron to repair to Con- 
Aantlnople, through Dafi Arabia, ciofi 
ibe Danube, over the mountain) of the 
Italkam, tic. meeting on the ro^d " the 
*' new Calgi S til la n, brother toDewlet- 
"Gucrjy-V, jufi named by the Pone 
" to fuecccd Krim-Gucray on the thron* 
" of the Tartars," whom he 

ofthe 1 

It Sera 


and dd'cribei «> '* more taken up with 
" the growth of bii beard, which he 
s obliged to let grow from the 
" ' ' :o the throne. 


«* moment of bi« elevation to the throne, his fabricating a new foutidii7, dtaiigh 

■■ than u itn the arduous lituation hn be hid nerer fcen one, the Turks kar- 

is about to fill." Through a defo- >ng tCo Iietd artillery, and foon caft with 

.laied Sf 


author then proceed' 
the Seven Towcrl, from whence 
he wcQt by fcalothcfubutbof Peva, 
where hi Uid alide hit Tattar drcfi, 

I^b«s already been remaikcd, that 
;this Rutfa.>i'i) father » at an Uungtrian, 
who had followed Ptincc Kagocy, to 

" This fvrnaae. 

■ mil a 

Tehoban (Shrpher^, ii alwavi b«rac ky the 
«l(Binc prince in Tsttirr, from a rejard ts 
' ■ Ibephenl of the naatc of OuenT, who, in a 
^iwral milliicrc of tha Jni|it Kid Princes, 
fritHdrFw ami fived iht lib af ene of ilwm, 
fa infant, whoni, after the Jeitk af tha 
sfoTper, he prediced, tad fiiol od the 
thtione, «hieh ia billed as the detcendinta 
erSelim-Gusn>, whs, u (k. tulof tha laft 
CtnTirr, by bis valenr, bvA^ETarkllh 
xny braaibikuicander tbeombinedfwcv 
«( the Gemwii, PoIm, in4 Buffiiu." 

raifcd on propei capeb o 
the Strain, which rendered the Keys 
fuITiciently impregi)able» and with car- 
riages of a better coniiiv£lion,nnd more 
Ikilful gunners, the, Dardincllet wcie 
fecurely prcfcrved. In fubfc^u eat -in- 
terviews uiih [hcGrand-Signoraiul the 
Porte many other improvements were 
fuggcflcd in the tniliiary, finance, ttnil- 
Itry, engineering, &c. , But we Ihall 

Baron's labour^ and 
furprilii)£ than 

fucccfs twcnty'-flvc cannon, while hit 
only guidci were the Memoirs of St. 
Reiny and the Encyclopedia. He alf* 
ConftruCtcd a new artillery-fchool, and 
a fchoot of mathenialics. Sultan Muf- 
tapha died ft that tiihe, and lelt the 
throhe to his btoche'r, Abdul Hamid 
(Icriant of God), who determined to 
protcfl the new efiablilbmects. " Af- 
" fording no fanhet Icope for his afli- 
" viiy than that of purfuing the fame 
" objeils without the hopes of citcnd- 
" ing theni," our author mroltcd to 
return to France, On taking leave, 
nntwithJlanding a very elegant pclipc of 
fable, and the farewell received by the 
Grand Signor, he was niuchjnore af< 
ftfied by feeing himlelf '■ lurrownded 
"at Smyrna, as he >yas uti board, by 
" all hit pupiltf eiicb of ihem with a 

Mtvim $f NiW PviHeattgrn. 



'<•« %ooK or an infiru'incDt In hit hand. 

M 'Befd^ yoil 4Hiit as»* fiiid thcv, with 

**'iendirrieu, * give' as at leait a (aft Icf- 

M ^oi^; it will be more deeply engraven on 

^ our mtmories than all the reit./ One 

** opened his book to Explain the fquare 

^* m t)ie hypotheiiufe i another, whh 

f*' a loD£ beardf fet \a% .quadrant to 

^ tak'e the altitude ; a third aiked me 

^ fueftions on the quarter of rcdu£^ion ; 

' '* and all of thefe^adeompanied me up- 

" Wards of tw6 le^;iies to fca, where 

**< we iepamted with a tendcmeft the 

** more affe£^ihp, at the Tuikt are 

" rarely fufceptible of it, and I. was 

** confcquently the left prepared for 

'•« it." 

In order ** to vifit the diftant pro* 
'* vincesy and examine the different 
^* people they contain," a» de(ired to 
inlped^ them by the governraenty the 
Baron fliiled in a frigate from Toulon 
Mav 2, 1777, and, after flopping at 
Malta (where he had a commimon 
from the Grand Mailer), proceeded to 
Candia, the ancient Crete, Alexandria, 
CairOj and the Pyramids of Gifa, with 
Umvt curious obfervations of rheir ufe 
and conilru^ion, and giving interelling 
particulars of the commerce, popula- 
tion, manners, and vegetation of Egypt, 
which was at that time reduced to a 
flate of anarchy and dillurbance by the 
' reigning Beys.— >Mcntioning the iburces 
of the Nile, "a traveller," fays our 
aurhor, '*' of the name of Bruce, pre- 
'* tends, I am told, to have difcovered 
<' chcm, I faw at Cairo the icrvant he 
'* cook with him; the guide who con- 
*' du£led him; the companion of his 
'* journey. I thoroughly afcertained 
. '' the fa^, that he had no knowledge 
"whatever of this difcovery : in an- 
'* I'wcr to which it can only be laid, 
** that fo learned a man as Mr. Bruce 
*^ was not obliged to give an account of 
" his obfervations to his valet. The 
^ pride of celebrity is loft in a defcrt ; 
" the diilin^lion of mafter and fervant 
'* dilappe^rt before the vyants which 
*' fuiYound them, mutually anxious, 
^ and compefled, as they muft be, to 
*' communicate together, and to afford 
*' caeh other mutual fuccours, the 
*'^rdngeft alone muft have the fupc- 
' ^* riority over his companions \ and the 
" Tatet I am (peaking of, born in the 
' ** country, had, inconteftibty, the beft 
" right of warranting, even to Mr. 
*• Bruce himfelf, a dilcovery merely to*" 

* >>6traphtcal." ^The people or the 

, !iQUO^y. &7i that tht ftinenl mono* 

mentt of Thebais are innumerable.— 
They add, that temples are ftill to b^ 
feeit there, whofe columns of rofe gra* 
nite are as large as that of I'ompcy [at 
Alexandria], and that the pamtings on 
the inlide are not Icfs remarkable.— «• 
V It cannot be doubted," M. de X^tt 
adds. *' that Upper Eeypt contains an 
*< infinity of treafure buried under its 
** ruina. It is not long fince, that a 
*< captain difcovered an urn filled with 
** medals of gold, the greater part of 
'^ which he &cretlv melted ; but an 
'< Englifhman had tne good fortune to 
''procure about a hundred of them» 
*' lome of , which are now in the King 
** of France's cabinet." 

*' Amongft the different works which 
*' luive thrown a luftre on ancient 
" Egypt," our traveller cannot but ob- 
lerve the canal communication between 
the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, to 
whofe exiftence Diodorus Siculus bears 
teftimony, and we have " no reafon 
*• (he fays) for rcjefting his authority 
" refbcfting fa£ls to which he was him- 
" fclta witnefs." His exprellion is in 
his Univerfal Hiftor^, book I. part 2. — 
Sultan Muftapha, if he had furvived, 
had promifcd the author, that at the 
return of peace he would have under- 
taken that important obje^. In Egypt, 
' we are told, there are more than 9009 
villages, and 101,000 towns or burghs. 
Cairo contains 700,000 inhabitants. — 
From Alexandria the Baron fteered his 
courfe to Joppa, Acra, Scid (ancient 
Sidon), and Tripoli, (all in Syria), 
travelled by land to Aleppo and Alcx- 
andretta, where the frigate met him, 
and then failed to Cyorus, whofe '<mild 
'< foil is (pontancouUy covered with" 
fuch an *' abundance and variery of 
" produ£lions,*' that he regrets <* that 
«* Toumefort, that celebrated botanift, 
<< neglc£led vifiting this ifland,** Rhodes, 
where he anchored *' before that fa- 
*• mous tower where the flower of the 
** European nobility difpurcd the laurels 
" with the Great Solyman, and left 
" him only the field of battle," and 
pafied the .winter at Smyrna. Fr'om 
that long circuit he croiled the Archi- 
pelago to Salon ica; vifited foine of the 
iflck-, and failed to {Naples in Romania 
and Tunis. ^ From (his road we 
•< let fail for Toulon, and 1 here fiuifli 
<< my Mttmvrit which I Ihonld iiever 
** have written, had 1 not imagined 
• « thejr* niight be ufefuH"— More au- 
thentic infor^nation of the* political fitu- 
au<hi and ^armfnaut ^ ^ 'X:^xvvr^« 


JtaJtmital Imd^gnm fra^,%U Pete Aui^. 

atil of the eol:waBd iavnaftii ttte would have pcneiratcd inta the 
Tuikiin p^rtkulir, (ill tbiiintctli^^ ' ' ' 

, , \UgaK 

PreDchinai; liad eDlighiccicd rbeBiToM 
not hitherto etc cummuttiorted. Wluil 
Itend-rt and :e»aLdiH^ hu been piud 
ire irc nnt acquainted with ; ttn»\a ic 
n, that ihcy cduld Icareelj hsTe been 
idconate, at, ihlfead of bi« military cf- 
W'tilhments, h^d mr M-de Tott d«- 
fendi-ct the tHr^indlc^,' t&e Itufliaai 

: ftri 

|[ivt law to X 
Grand S>i£nijr. 

Though the trar 
tirvtSr, a ftiv Gallieifmi hai 
fueh ai "young girlti" — 
" her cfiiiditioii to thai (if," ixc i— j" h 
" pn.'ii-' tnough Villtt j". — " ri*^iAi" 
imputfin.,!, &;=. ' _ . ■ 


M .IcsWl 

m^j iJiiiy hm fnm S"" '/ '^ liin aii irjiriigm h^tfi^iri. Edit. 

■■^■-- •''■,.• '■ • ■■■ ,. / .-■ M- . ,^,;.j;.,.v . , , ... ^ 

CeM/mmratrd fy ]. H HE MaGel 

A'Vcar fcldnm pa^et but we (rv that 
one nr other Acadeinj of ^ui'ope 
II Tinder the nccclfitf of. dividing ihe 
fuiD, or of pi'Dponing the adjudication 
of fuch pnici, as arc ofle>ed for dlw 
difeovcrici or pu'fuiit leading to im- 
prove fcicDce. becauJc the candidate* 
did not comply uiih th« term:, or at- 
uio ihe d*riicd end, to ilic Imiifadion 
of the learned Body of Judgei. They 
are fnmctimet even reduced to the difa- 

Srccable alternative oF crt^wnin^ Tome 
iDTertatiant and foluti^ni to the pio- 
poAd probleinf, which have a very mo- 
derate l&lre of meritrfor 'kar of dil< 

laging othen frpm atiemiiing 11 
tbafc queftinnt, and puiAe ^hii 


quiriet whk«h may land .10 elucidato 
ufcfnl kaofvledgct aod require the exer- 
tion of>new labour! and mdullry. 

The cafe wat far differeni, is which 
the Imperial Academy of Sctencei at St. 
Peterfburg found itfelf, rtliiively to 
the' com pleat foluiion ctTen bv the inge- 
nious ind indcratigible Mr. John Hcd- 
Wg, DofTornfPhyric, and Member of 
tlie PbilorBplucaJ Societies of Berlin »nd 
I.eipJiG, CO ihe botjnical ^qucliion pro- 
poled b^ Jhe iaid iDipcr^al Academy, 
CDittarping the gvflcraliou and iiuAin- 
cation. of .tht>lb,pitnii, .ullcd by the 
name of erj^ttgamti Mong botanifii, 
fuch«i y>Fiu^ rn^ts, 4t^tu, and mgfir 

The author treats thit fjbjeft ^viih 
foefc perfpieuiiy, tnd in (t> malleily ■ 

Broi^f^af iy^ of nif iiy of lijcir by fccdj. 
Hiiiibtitrvatibni art trulyneiv, ofigiiul, 
and fctgUly ingenitui. The title »f bii' 

t.AK, Utwditr tftht fMk* McAdpKf^ 
~eiicellinidil^C[i)ii''n, uhrch iain Lttia, 
JnIn[th^^: '< f '•c'>r" ^"""'li'Vuti * 
'' fmCliFcattonii planiamm ciyptng*- 
" micatuin, mere proprTi* rlt^uH W Mt' 
4' nibei & eiperimentit lopeiilraQ* : 
." difleitauo qu^ prxmio sb Ae«>einw 
'■ ImperialiPelropoliiBn^proaoniJijIj 
" propoTitn Qinala el), A'lfloie Jnbaint 
" Htdivi?. MD. Sficutiti. ph,(Jiophi- 
•* lonim Berolincnfit U Lipfwu^* Soci», 
" tngfuitriim ummiittt Jrlti ■lith Pa- 
" irupofi, ivpih Acadi-ini* ImpcrwUl 
" Scientiariini MDCCLH xiiv.< 

ThiidilTcrMtuin it juQIy eoiiitedw 
.rank with that of th>: lamnui ViiP Liii< 
n£, on tbe ftxuat parttof plaati, t»hich 
the fam^ Inpcriai Acadfmy ciavrncd, 
twenty ycart ^o, with the prt*e it had 
ptopofcd to the learofd woild ;^.tlu| 
time. Jt waj, in confifiutt^ of the 

S:ca| tncrii of ihji dilTertatioa, that the 
ody of ihf Jmpeiial Academy heflow 7 
ed On Ml. Hfivtif, tlic propiifed pri(e of 
one hundred, ducati nf HdIJ^hiI. /i>gc> 
ihar ivith a prcfciii of hfty copct oj W\ 
work. Thii h^s bccrnpiiqipdatthcex-: 
,'. III.', aadtonfitit of 

r ■ , 1 3T CDuper platci, 

r>ai[hkj.v, ivhi t.i the glory of h«r fcn 
iithe illuflriout Pr<.hdrnt of the lame 
Imperial Atadcmy, oidered 1.1 be cil-^ 
graved at Lkipfic, undirlhe infptSion' 
of ilie author, by iht bta aitills j Jo 
thai neiihet care I'or cipencc wets (yt- 
red 10 mjkt rhi^ edition one of the aioll 
rompli.t hitlieilo publifted in Europe. 
ThLwrnleJifold by the bookfellcrof i 
tlic fiimi. Acjdemy at St. Peietftiurg, at -^ 
thepiicc of four roiibU's and forty cn- 
pcqtjet, which aiQOuat in about iS lliiil- 
jiuip of out Englilh monev. 


f 637 ) V 


)^o#.iTSCAL. Johvfon*s Pmycrt an^ Meditttimii jl 64 

Co«lp«rtti«* Stale Af the Public lteven«ei for boanls ... Cs'Ml 

1783, r*84, 64 St^iiJSU Prieft1ev*i Theoiogictl Repofirorjy Vol IV. 

^rcuirt OB thie Cabrci of Depopulation, and 6i 6d boards J,.hi^m 

llw tpaltoiitici'of cxtrccae Commcrcr, 2S Watfon oil Tiine, it 64 'Sh» 

lt':dgwJy Whitr*fSenB0M, «w«^. 7sbotr4t RoM/<M 

The Parfiameutary Giit^ei Svo, ft StncUoM ApologyforcbePcnn-lRonotBvUiisA'wifiM 

Tbc coaoiercial RrguUtiooi wub Ireiaird Gleanings of the ViotagCy la Mfi^ 

conKderrd, it ' ' DthrHt Two SeroKifik oa Inccigncy an4 Mocoal 4^|t 

Mr. Piit f Rcf U to Mr.Orde, is Jtitv'u ' Ji4iiiffim 

View of the Pnifo&U made for a final Ad- Jenkin'a Scrmoa oa Ecking. 64 ••*/.«• 

jaitflA«;)>^t between • Grrat Brkain and Ire- lngrain'tre?entl)PlagaeoftheltmUt'cm^*,i4 

lattdy. II Si9€kdmit Siiiiib*sExkort«tioBftuiibeVfc.ottbe^ijFeaBt 

^laicmenc relating to the iotendtd SyArm of Grace, 6t •?.*•!<• 

with Ireland, js Dt^tttt Poiiay. 

Siriftores on Naral Depanmeots. it St^kdsti Ode to Clbkcina, 6d *Fj»1^ 

Suirivan'aThoisf^lits on Martial Law, and Ge- PerrrPindar*! Lyric Od6s for t7^5 'KfO'-Jk/ 

ncral Court Martials, zs 6d Jiecht Coldftmth's Poems for Ladies, lifti'o, ^ 

Book of VII Chapters, ur a KewSyflein of fewfd ' J^iBtifkm 

National Policy, 31 feWrd, BsUtolm Cowper*s Tiik,t PoeiB^4S boardft JMra 

CoUt6ionof AAs p«dVdinihe State of Ma ft;!- Pri-bationtfy (Met, oow firil cotleOed/ 3s6d 

chufrisrrfpf^ngtheLoyalift), Ts5r#cl(W« boar/dt Itidfwty 

Obricn*s Letters on the Trade of Ireland, *tt Loribotid's Poeaii; 31 fcwed, Ih^fl^ 

OHto La Grace et la Natnrei Poemey jt boards 

Addrefs to the K ing and People of Ireland, IS Lo^fmsn 

Dihrrtt Weflniinfter Abbey, a Poem, 3s Murrp 

The Heads of Fox's Speech, May 23, 1785, Hoyland*! Odei, ts MlchhrJljU 

Ditto Whimikal Rhapfody on Taxes AnIBallounSp 

CoUeAIon of Treaties of Great Briraio, 3 3d SaotlJah 

▼olf, 8vo, ills DittB PocAf.oo SobieAs arising ioEDglaml and- ibe 

Prefrnt Crifis of the Sogar Colooies C096- Weft Indies, 3s FuN^iitr 

dered, £tw The lannortaltyof Shakfpeare, |i. ^f^Af 

Histnav, Anii^uities, Sec. Wcner to CharlotiCi u Murroy 

SuIlWinN AnalyHk of the Hiilory of India, The Tears of the Paotheoa^ is 6d Hja'jfijf 

8vo, 6s Btckit The Paphlad, or Keofiagtoii Gardens, 'xs6d 

Stcerch of thr Life and GoftmineDt of Cl'e- ' JciTc, a Poen, by Mrs. 6d . . . 

mem XIV, 3s Synm^di ICillamey, ditto, 21 

Law. ThePowen'of Oratory, an Ode, xs ...... 

H«^ve\Ch9rtnf Prnal Law, tot 64 BfUh Urira aod Thwmmim, ts 64 ••..•• 

La<v o' Wills and Codicils, 21 6d BdUhAin MiscftL Lamas. 

Rrtre's HUlory ot £ngli(h Law, VoL II. Hiatt tdativa to Ue ManagcttmC of iht 

ii IS Bf9»ki Poor, IS 64 

Physic. Some Hints in regard to the bftlar Manage- 

PugW*s Obfenrittons on the Climate of Na- mrnt of Chf Poer« l» ... QMl 

pies, IS 6d RohinfcH Dcuil of tbe£ngagemeots» Pofiti^DS,l4»ve- 

Ch^nJt-roii A;'ioplexiesand PaIfics,3S^'^n/(>ii ments, of the Rojral and American Arinies 

HufTey on Fevers, 6s Bnbiitffm in 1775, X776, 3cc. M 64 KeatJUjf 

Pogh en Minrr:il \\ ^trrs, 3s fcwed, Go/Jfmitb Fubtdep to Mrs. Trimmer's Sacr64 Uifi9cy, 

Harr^fon on Hxfd Air w MuniHcatiuns ^nd is 6d ' MvJbmU 

Worm Cifrs, IS BUAtm SulIiVan'k Tour tlkrottghBdgliadti Scotland, 

Aiktn't Manual of Materia Medics, feWed, and Wilek, 2 vols, izs 'Bidtt 

2% 6d . Jvhmfon NarrMire «f Pa jh felatlng to the Maid of 

Perfea'sMidw'frry, las iftw the Hav-flack, It 64 ' Csfiner 

Foot on the Urethra, xs Stoekiali M rs. StgcS Letter W a F«lBalbFrien4k 1% ^Bttt 

W»lherin{( on the Fox Glove, 6s JtpSin/om Wc4gwao4's« Letter oH Tieiic Narigaiidny 

fiondofi Medical JonrnaHor 1785, Part II. S^^i 

is6d JokH/om Stevens's Ledere en Heads, bj Lee LttwrSf 

tlorpini'sAccopnt of an extraordinary Si yp- fts . ■ ■. - . iCs^rJty 

tic, IS ^ Di-to Sutherlaii4*i Cafe, N . JMu» 

Fot]iergillonChctrenhamWaten>u6di>{'//d Sawncv Alack imoih's Travels throogK Ire* 

Divinit'V. Tani W^. .. , • 4^"^ 

The Book of Pfalm', in Mcti^e^a hewTlrahr- Dooglts's Travelling Aoecdotes, 68 iMrnt 

latiOM, fs 6d I<far4s yoknfm Prefcot's Trial, as 6d ^ LijUr 

Kirkpeiritk's Sermons, 8rc. is boards Uitn Sprllbarj's Powers of Geld difplay^i, 64 

TMlmia's IKffertaitoifs on the Interotl EVt- J^pitftrf 

' ^^m^CMAidflity»'4bNM^ «Mi» Rtt.Mfc AltlMa*iTrii)i «i<4 Ofl** 

^ Sptamm *f The Loitlige^jutc^«fffr tfMr* Stnfatn. 

-"■*--* -Bdifttar^, A(f. »o. 

THE id*>nn«i,iD4 nfeof Biogrj- 
bby h»t of Tkc bcfB fo often bhd- 

^Etrffethm forth. Thiidep.«. i(« Uu-g^r. I wiil »ke ih. !.>»y 
^STof writing, boweter, h« b^in of T" "Th. Mi™ ■"^wlfk"'inrh,'^-' 

the life of IB individuil, ■ niti*to of tHi 
CQuniry, who 4inl a few wccki (go in 
London, Mr. Williim Sinliin, printer 
10 hi» Mijcfty. Hit title to be rctordid 
in ■ work of ihii fort, my cortcfpoadein 
»rgii« froir a v«iety of tonfiderjilom 
unncccHaty to iie Tcpeiccd. One, ivhich 

Ay" M with etety 

niHch of in S\%RXt 
imouM&i ind mmy livei hiv 

(;lid of 

opportunity to pleid my irU- 
by inftiting the ilo^t (I wke 

,_ .1 Will pu 

.dnwa. IndWidtlllt h*TC.))«iB traced 

-wmu Ad ordtniry ifHontf fron which 
.ao cnibr|iinKf( oMld >nj«, bnt to the 
BtintedKU of their ownfunill 
vmeMfci mm! in tlie deitil of whidi i 
B6pmM eicitcd, no chuiAer dtTcloped, 
'nn^og^tt fiiDuld dlftii)gnili them from 
kh0f( common occunencc*, 
t* Which dolly mok tb^ic cnufBi Mtd w«n 

Yit there are few cten of thofe compa- 
ffntiveiy infigntfiont liTei, In which men 
•f a fcrioui and thinking caft do not feci 

'■ ceniin degree of iDicreft. A jtenfive 

' wifA cin trace, hi feemingly trivial in- 
rtdenti and cc^mon filuation), fame- 
thing ^o feed refleftion, *t)d to fofter ...... .,, 

thought) at the {o|i«iy natijtaUft cullt , nacried early,, 
the trodden IcaTti,' and difcOTers, in their ' fion at prudei 

le cltiblilkmeat 

' Mr. Stiahin WM bom tt EiIinhtV|h 
in the year 171$. Hn father, whoMd 

rehucT often Iwlpi o« iha umntportailt 
■ «f hit relation ; and to ibeingcnuou) ic 
' fufacptibte, then n afcating not onplei 

All in allowing for th* flafdtlicv of gr: 

tfewM* hti fbltgltioni. The 

««nn<£boni of lih.and of the heart it i» 

' dwiyt pkafing to tnce, eten though the 
ot^jeua ate neither new nor llriH'ng. ^"^c 

' cbof* familiar puodnt^i'tliat IbfW the in- 
fide-bf cottant^ and t^f nercife of *il- 
Ugp-dutict, loch aa^ratjont come home 

' in tjie t»f«mt af tba wonhy, who feel 
rite rtlationfhip of ViBuc, and icknow- 
Mn Iter family where<cvcr it ii found. 

. Ami Mhapc, there » -a Wmer'itad 
t filacid delight in viewing her 

decent rank tbefi received is rEooMty 

where the avenuei ta learning were eafy, 

and open i* men of d» moft mbdnkc 

circnmftmcet. Afbr having paffed 

rimwgh the tuition of agrlmthtt-fctiMl, 

' he Wat put apprentice to a prlnterr ilidi 

when a very young man, removed td a 

wider fphcre in that line of bofinefi^ and 

went to fellow hit trade in London. S»- 

"ber, diligent, and attentive, while bit 

emotomentl were for fome liine vm 

fcaoty, he contrived to live rather within 

than beyond hit incomei and thojugfa tie 

' " ■ vitbout fuch a pTOvi- 

lieht hare looked for 

c? a family, bc^Mix 

Iinued (o thrive,' and to better fail df- 

tufnltaniM. Thii he would ofteii mA- 

'tiod at an encouragement to early mtiti- 

mony, and ufcd to fay, iliac. he nercr 

^ 'had a child honi thai Kovidence did not 

wlio fend fome inereafc of income to pioviilc 

for the Increafe of his haufhold. With 

lufiicicnt vigour of mind, he had that 

happy Sow of animal Ipiiiti, which it not 

eably difcouriged by unprbmifing ap- 

naocet. By him who can look with 
nefi upon difficulties, their conquelt 
ia already half iKhieved ; but the mm on 
wbofe heart and fpirilt they lie heavy, 
will fcatcely be aUe to hear up ^hift 
their prelTure. 11k foretaft of nnrid, 
or the dilguft of coo delicate minds, aie 
ry rnifortdnaie attendant* fdr men of 

'Hiidft thele unimponiM 'olitci, than hnfinets; who, to be facceltAtIf 

wbea we look up to htriftvcfted in the oftni poA improbabiticiet,* and (ear with 

pokip of greaincft, (nd tlid prida of monihcacioni. 

ptitfer. ' 1 • ■ ' ■■'^jj jbilitiei in Mt profeflitjn, acccim- 

- J have been led tA theft KBc%iDt by ptnled with pcrftft iptegrlty and u»a- 

"an act<)iltK with'whlch'a'corhf^ndcnc hating dilistocc, eoahled faiSf, aftei the 

bat'fttiwfhcd.DiCf.ef Igiet-gt^WUnia fitit £$ciukie« ifctt otckqiik, n {« or 

■ ' with 

CbdraOir %fMr. Strahani fr^m The LouDgtr. 639 

^th rapid fucccft* And he was one of 
t!ie moll flouriihing men in die trade, 
wheov in the year 17709 he purchafed a 
Ihare of the pttcnt for king's printer of 
Mr. Eyre, with whom he mainuined die 
moft cordial intimacy during all the reft 
of his life. BeGdet the emoluments a* 
rifiog from ttiis appcMntmenti as well as 
from a very ezteniive private buGnefs, he 
sow drew largely from a field which re« 
quired fome degree of fpeculative fa^a- 
city to cultivate ; I mean, that great liu- 
rary property which lie acquired by pur* 
cbaGng the copy*rights or fome of the 
moil celebrated amhors of the time. In 
this hit liberality kept equal pace with 
his prudence, and in fome cafes went 
perhaps rather beyond it. Never had 
iiich rewards been given to the lal)ours 
of literary men, as now were received 
from him and his aflTpciates in thofe pur- 
chafes of copy*rights from auttK)rs» 

Having now attained the Brft great 
objeft of buGnefs, wealth, Mr. Strahan 
looked with a very allowable ambition 
on the ftations of political rank and emi- 
nence. Politics had long occupied his 
a£^ive mind, which he nad for many 
years purfued as his favourite amuftmcnt, 
by corrcfponding. on that fubjc£l with 
(iume of the Grft charaflers of the age. 
Air. Strahan's queries to Dr. Franklin in 
the year 1769, refpe£ling the difcontents 
of the Americans, publiflied in the Lon- 
don Chronicle of 28th July, 177S, ihew 
the juft conception he entertained of the 
important confequences of that- difpute, 
and his anxiety as a good fubje£k to in- 
vcfligace, at that early period, the proper 
means by which their grievance* might 
be removed, and a permanent harmony 
rellored between the two countries. In 
the year 1775 he was elected a member 
of parliament for the borough of Malmt* 
bury, in Wiltfliire, with a very illuAri^ 
Otts colleague, the Hon. C. J. Fox \ and 
in the fuccecJing parliament for Wot- 
ton Batrct, in the lame county. In this 
llauon applying liimfelf with that induf- 
try whicn wa^ natural to him, he attend- 
ed the Houfc with a fcrupulous punctu- 
ality, and was a ufeful member. His 
talents for buGnefs acquired the conGde- 
ration to which they were intitled, and 
were not unnoticed by the minifter. 

In his political conne£lions he was 
cooftjint to the friends to whom he had 
been firft attached. He was a (leady 
fupporter of that party who were turned 
out of admioi Oration in fpring 1784, and 
loft his feat in the Houfe of Commons by 
Ike dUfoluiioa of paclaaea( with which 

that change Wit 'followed 1 a iitiiatiQA ■ 
which he did not ihew any deiire to re-* 
fume on the return of tlic new parlia* 

One motive for his not wilhing a feat 
in the prefent parliament, was a feelinr 
of fome decline in his health, which had 
rather fuffcred from the long Gctines and 
late lu>urs with which the political war- 
fare in the laft had been attended. Tho' 
without any Gxed difeafe, his (Irength 
was viGbly declining \ and though nis 
fpirits furvivcd his Itrength, yet the vi* 
gour and activity of his mind was altb 
conGderably .impaired. Both continued 
gradually to decline till his death, which 
happened on Saturday the 9th of July, 
1785, in the 71ft year of his age. 

Endued with much natural (faj^city, 
and an attentive obfervation of life, he 
owed his rife to that (Nation of opulence 
and refpeft which he attained, rather to 
his own talents and exertion, than to any 
accidental occurrence of favourable or 
fortunate circumnances. His mind, tho' 
not deeply tin£lured with learning, wai 
not uninformed by letters. From a h«* 
bit of attention to ftyle, he had acquired 
a conGderable portion of critical acute- 
nefs in the difccrnment of its beauties 
and defc£^s. In one branch of writing 
himfelf excelled, I mean the cpiGolary, 
in which he not onlv (hewed the preci- 
Gon and clearnefs of huGncfs; but pof- 
feifed a neatnefs, as well as fluency ot 
exprefllon, which I have known few 
letter-writers to furpafs. Letter-writing 
was one of his favourite amufements ; 
and among his corrcr|K>ndents were men 
of fuch eminence and talenn as well re- 
paid his endeavours to entenain them. 
One of thefe, as we have In; fore menti- 
oned, was th^ judly celebrated Dr. 
Franklin, originally a printer like Mr. 
Strahan, whofe friendihip and cone* 
fpondence he continued to enjoy, not- 
withGanding the difference of their fenti* 
ments in political matters, which o^ften 
afforded ]}learantry, but never mixed any 
thing acrimonious in their letters. One 
of the lateG, he received from his illuftri- 
ous and venerable friend, contained a 
humorous allegory of the Gate of politics 
in Britain, drawn from the profeflion of 
Printing, of which, though the Do£ior 
had quitted the cxercife, he had not for- 
gotten the terms. 

There are ilatioos of acquired great* 
nefs which make men proud to recall the 
lownefs of that from which they rofc. 
The native eminence of Franklirk*s mind 
was ?bote concealing th^ humblcacCi d[ 

AlO" Charatkr tf^, Stratiin. 

Ml orf^n.' TiiolVeafr*fca'.tkineri no 
Utriotic ckviliaii ire ifhid to lully the 
hontiDn tA which accl^t his rcircd 
thc|p, by .1^ RCollefUoil.of thxt obfcu* 

' Of 1^ rcralidBcw Mr. Stnhn «u 
nther proud ih*n *lb*nicd| .■nd I baT^ 
htih] dtofe who wen difpdU to oenlifre 
Um, bfiBC ii as ■ kiad of bflentarloa in 
which bf! wii weak eocragh to indulge> 
But mcihinks " 'lit to confiJcr too lari- 
ouflvi to confittcr it lb." Tbete u ■ 
kind of rc|>diaiioa wlucft we pur tiud* 
i^Iy <}cGn, inu juftly enjoy { tnil hs 
^ho is jjncere cQouch to. forego the 
ptide of fneellry aad of biith^ may, 
without much imputation of vinityi iX- 
fume th< ncrit oF hik own elevaiion. 

In diu elcratioD lit; neither triumphed 
over tltB iDfericirity of iho<e he li(a Icit 
bclour tiin, nor forgot the cqualicy iu^ 
which ihcf liad formerly Itooil. Of tlitir' 
jnferioiiiy he dtd not ercn icmiDd them, 
by the otWniaiLUH of giindeur, or the 

- pknide of wealths In bit heufe there 
wn nona of that faucy train, none of 
thai ftate or linery> with which the illi- 
beral delist to confound and to daizle 
tliofc who may hice formerly feen iliem 
in le6 enviable circumllances. No man 

■ was more mindful of, oi mote!Uii 
to uMiee the acquaintance or compini- 
ooa of hh early lUyt. The adrice which 
hit eiperjence, or the alTiflancc which 
tiii purfti cMuld ifford, he wai ready lo 
communicate I and at bit tabic in Lon- 
4un every 'Scoifitiin found an eafy :ntro> 
duflino, tod every old acquaintance ■ 
cotdiil welcome. This wai not merely 

■ vinue of iHifpitality, or a duty of he- 
ncTotence with biin ; he felt il wartnly 
at a fcnt'meot : and that paper in " The 
" MiiTi>r,"of which 1 mentioned him at 
the author (the Uiiir from Loudon in 
the 44th numlicr}, wat, I am perfuaded, 

■ genuine p.£)ure of bit rcelingt 00 tlM 
fc^lle^l'ian of thufe fcenet in which hit 

futhof thcRi u fliti furvivc him will 
jttA the aboye IboR account of his life 
with Inicrtfl and with pieafure. For 
pchc^t it may nqt be alcoEeiher devoid of 
f Mprl^iiVcnt or of ufe. If amons the 
niddlinf and bufy tank: gf mankind it 
can ittfbid an eocouiigcment to the in- 
4t)(l[y of ilio(i who arc licginDing to 
flimb iuto life, or fjraith a Uifoa of 
qioderation \-) ihofe who b*ve atiuncd in 
height 1 if to the firfl it ni^y reconitnend 
Jioned indufliy and lober dili£cnc« ) if 
bf the iKKt ii ma; fuQell t& tin of 

^ HUtcSn't^hgi ht htibf lift 

abltent ftrllowffiTp, J^^!-CIrl» cr>antA!M| 
which ihe wide of wMlrh'orof niiiuj 
lofei a* much dimity a It lorcgoe* fttii-. 
faaion by rcfufii^ >n nckn.^^^lr.tgei if 
it bait ehear one boxir of riefiw.nitencv or 
difcontcnt to the lounp i if it (hall five 
obc froWD of difdain ui ul itfufal to ilit 

dnfimunaie | the hivher alid moM re* 
fined clafi of my leafcn will forgive tha 
r>tni1i»ity of tlie example, and ctiltAde^i 
that li ii not fiQui the brngriphy of he*- 
rocs or of DateCmtn tliat Inflaucih can ha 


PERMIT me M nffer ma a view af 
the front of St. JoUli'i Cburcjbi DuIk 
lin, as no other per)<}a baa at TU 
gitkD it to ihe public. Th)> draught f/kf 
fit flale, /ig. 4}, reprtfeDtt M)1y«the 
from (and it it the eaftem uie). the 
fteeple nut being jret crtaed j and althlF 
ihia building it neither Tcnertlik for aa* 
tujuity, nor confpicuous for eJcft^pcat 
yet mav iland ai a model for a pliiik |>4>> 
ftintiaf place of worlbip, b*li<iiDg - ih* 
fimplicity of the reformed Telif>ipn,.Hd 
the fohet frrvice bf the AJmiKhty*' | 
niiift Kid, that ihii building wai prind- 
pally conflruQed by the aid and munifi- 
cence of [lie preteut piimatc of Iipl^. 
whohii errfled neaily u rtiinv churchc* 
as the Empiiri Heteiii. Would id God 
the opulence of othen migliL cotnpleai 
the plan, by enibltog the )iaiiihionelt J 
that fmall^arifh to e'cvatc the ititeniled 
(leeple ! The drawing which accompa- 
nies it (ff. ^), it the front of llie uoi- 
vetfity pnnling-oflice at Dnlilio. 

The ilefcripiion and print uliicb yoa 
eave in your Aprif Magazine iif the Mui 
Jaculus, remiiideri mc of ancthcr animal 

youtfclf and your TLaders, and air yot|i'if 

, Jonathan Paijicox. 

*•' ^'K- 6 in the iitat plate ii'a te- 

Ccfentacion of the common beaji ericktt, 
hich it Eiven at ilie rcijiiLllof levcia) 
GOtrefpnndcnu, fomc of wliunk had ctm| 
doubted of its MilleDce<- 

*«* The difcnvcryofaJiltf^ toad )9 
a fnlid flonefuund in a quarry at fedar- 
barg in the difldft of Manffcldt, ha* 
fatcTv sttr^^ed the atieniion of the 
Jdcmbers of the Royal Academy at Ber- 
lin._T:ifcoveiiei of the Uke kind arg 
frcqucpi in Great Britain. 

^Sfc--<&^ ^yUm a,myi.^uMir, . -"^il^ 


iAa Piiirf^ imciiut mid mdem^ fir Augvft^ i *j%^ 6^ I 

f>Vi/Lvrtimmth$l^imrVMMmT%r,imB yUlT, A J^ASTO^AL PO£M, 

» ?T^'^'^''"^\ •• Welcome, yelhadetlyebowerythickcu 

DARWBKT I what ictoet thy wjnder- « J* '^^ P??? ' J« ^wriMc oaki f 

iBK wm. kehoU, " J^,*?"* r »W» refolding o'er the fteep I 

At tefftSng fro* thy hnndtfid fpriiigs they I ?^*f Ti.** ^u " ^J^'f '' '^.^ ^*?'' 

Aod down tbda ¥tlM in foMding ^mmi ^ ^^^^^ Thomsom. 

Seek to the ihtnbg Eaft their aizy way. xT^e Dryads wh6 moo the recefa 

Pert dviky aUen, leaiiiiig from tlic cUa; X ^^^ «»»« «k'« ample Ifaadow n^ 

Dip their long arms, dod wave their ^^ „^.,. . ."f'» ^ _. , ^ 

MkJms wide • To your haonti of retirement I prefa, 

ikiff; I ring tide. ^"^^^^K???'"* ^*!>'""»* ' ^"y# - 

White aoM^aim ireabfe ^ Ac (bam- wh^ « t -^ "t"'*';" ?^."' 

«v hen mute y tht.chonfteri lay. 

fftft oti«ye wm<f whJere,dreft in lavHbpriilei ^^^ the fab dam hia yenical ray«« 

'Mid rd'ttte 'bowtiii the gorg^oi CW- d^:^«.^»» i. , * •. 

%f»da ker iWh ]»wm along your wU- , flViL^"!!^ '°''*^F ^'^^i 

Aiwleyeahergil4edturreniayo4rftre«iik. ^ ¥J^" «! "1?^/^^ 

• * ' KcceiTe me. ve gloom-iheddiog i 

fM& o^.ve wafei J where Vatore'a rodeft With yoo, lonely Silence prerailt, 

(Chil4, [fiooitf You fhelter my Celadop's feat, 

Frnquog iQirambeot o'^r the darken'd Whofe cot no amhitxon aflaih, 

^«ck vn^d 09 rack, oo movntain mountain ^*^ ^t to he honeft and oea^ 

^«t when fair Dtrfy't fta|ely towen yen Sincerity ottera the word, 

view. fcurrenti dnnk, , From the li^ of Veracity fpeaki. 

X Wheie hit hrisht nmadf yoor fparklipg What though m this temperate fcite, 

Phi fhbntd hiy Ifaart prefs the momitig* '^^'' hermitage hidden and m^an^ 

deWi [brink} ^o panfe of high polifli the light * 

And bao^ %er grafcefnl fooi^s to yofir Ec^eai to UluBunc the fcene } 

IJocnrl yo«w tddics, til your gales con^iney What though, on the nnadom*d wall 

An^ aa yonr fealy nationa ga«e around. ^^^*^ Sculpture her chiflel deny, 

Pid ynnr gay nympht ponrfray, with pencil ^^ Ponal condoA to the hall. 

line. Where paintings repleoilh the eye ? 

Her radiMt fom upon yoar filyer gronod. Yet here, in profafion of fweeAt. 

N Calm Solitude leads by the hand 

iVith playftil m$lict iorm her kindling The hind, who felicity mevts, 

cheeks, [fiog i^ream, And fcorna the leaft wiib to be gran4« 

Steal the warm MoA, and dnge yoor p*f- -,^ *..... J 

Ifok the fweet tranfient dimpl4 as ihc The W f«fc» nation of weaUh 

freaks, [beam. ^ No envy to Ccladun brings | 

And, aa ^ ttma h^r eye, refleft the Be hrs but contentment and health. 

With Pity he looks down on kings. 

And tell her. Da &w aw r, as yoo murmur by, Cxemrt from vexa tion and H rife, 

Uow, in thefe wilds, with bop^lefs lowc I Devotion pours balm on his breaft; 

bom I [iigh. How fmooth is that tenor of life. 

Teach your lone vale^ and echoing cavrs to Where confcience fpreads poppies of reft I 

AMimumj brini forroW. with your urn. ^hoagh lofl are the poefu^ of fpriog, 

. CARDING AND^SPINNING. R^^filSy felnV'"^^ 

T3 fpiVwith art, in ancientttmeshai been „,t*f"r !!L^rK^r" 'I '**S ^*^ 

Tho^ghtnothcneaththenobUdameand ^V;^^^-^^^^ 

From thA employ mir mairfens had the name '"tII"',^^" ?'Vlf "f * 'T."/- . 

Of Spii^, wbicli the moderns now difclaim. ^*** ^^^^"^ ' "^ P"*** •»** ^^^'E'*^ 

Botfince lo cards each female (oms her mind. The amaranth has not denied 

And to that dear delight is fo inclin'd. The eglantine's blofibm to join t 

Phairn the fofi name of S^itt/lgr to a hardier. The currant I fee by her fide, 

And &» each Wei now be call'd A fa^Jfr, At the fool of the wi4e'fpr««^ Tine. 

Psiit.Maq.w^A 178}, ^ ^^ ^ 



642 StUHPutry, iincigntandm$der9tyfir.A\sgo&fAj9S. 

The bovghf of cKc cherry tod pear 

A canopy mutually fbrm» 
His .cottage from perili 10 fparey, 

When rifes the war of the ftorm* 

Aod now, doudi coIleAing behold^ 

Whofe darknefs conceals theTun's light^ 
Though noon, yet what horrors unfold ! 

■ appears ao unfeafonable night 1 
The thunder, tropreiGve of pain^ 

Rolls awfully folemn around : 
And now it reverberates again ; 

Tremendous indeed is the found. 

How dark and how difmal the fcene! 

Now rufhes in torrents the rain| 
Ked flafhesof Fate interrene} 

Now Ihakes wtch ^onvulfiom the plain. 
Let elements fretful contend, 

The xtber diflfolve in a blaze; 
To the breaft of my unappall'd friend 

Their fury no tremor convey s. 

The terrible concert is o'er, 
Hu(h*d all its impetuous rage* 

Great Ruletl to Thee let me pour 
The thanks which my bofom engage* 

Tbe tempeft is o'er, and the San 
Dcfcends with his Thetis to reft. 

If e*er by my theme thou wert won, 

* Come, Delia, fole queen of my breaft. 

Lo, Evening, mild daughter of Day* 

In afpeA as thou moft ferene} 
Her fmileslhall enliven my lay, 

So calm and unclouded her mien* 
The lark to her nefllings defcendsy 

The wood deepens faftcr to brown | 
To the village the cottager bends, 

And lays him contentedly down. 

The flocks and the herds arc at large. 

Their covens cfcoolndi they leave. 
To tafte of the rilPs blady marge, 

And (bare thr I'ofc gifts of the eve. 
The fwallow, in fre.-jh of his prey, 

Skims lightly o'er ihiAle and brake j 
Glides twift as for plunder or prey, 

His wings da(b the wave of the lake. 

How bright arc ihe foniles of thy youih. 

Where fummer perpetually reigns. 
Thou gem of origin*! troth. 

Shall we join in the dance on the plains? 
Thro the fields where the purplc-ey'd tare 

Blooms lavilb thy prefenceto greet: 
To the glade of relrelhment repair, 

Where offers the mofs>cuihion'd feat. 

To gain a rcpaft for the eye. 

Yon eminence ftiall we explore, 
Thcrr, Delia, logether defcry 

The il reamers that crimfon the fliore^ 
Till the view by gradation (hall fade, 

The evening's late Ihadows prevail, 
And Cynthia foft mantle the (hade, 

Full-orb'd, tell her marvellous tale? 

Bright boaft of my pafloral lay. 
Dear maid of my aoitorm love^ 

Soon the mem of the Ipag AiauMr'a dfy^ 

And its noon, maft to cfmuig. Pf u f a> 
But foon, when her (badowt aie fledf 

The morning the day fliaR renew } 
The fun (hall arife fron his heip 

Relunine each beiatifvl 

Bow like is the portrait of aian: 

The mom of hia infancy ladcs» 
The race of hit oiinkood loon nuiy 

And age bends him down to the (haleib 
But, like the bright tvorniog't remoy 

Regenerate he (hall arife. 
In triumph borft forth from tke nrn^ 

And beam in the bliis of the ikici* 


Bj ihe Rtv, Mr. Banistxh, pnwimut^ 
his oturutg iaU (Mtru 

Stewi-btai^ Stfi, 1783. 

SWEET fccnei of foiitndc nnd leanitd 

Whofe artlefs beauties on refledion pleafei 
Where Poetry her heavenly thama dtfpby'd, 
And deign'd with me to range the rural ihadc} 
My breaft enlighten*d with her flame dhrint| 
Before my eyes bade ancient heroes fliioe, 
J>d me to Greece, the Mnfe's favoorite feat. 
The fcene of all that's glorious^ foodj^'aad 

Firft taught my eyes with virtuous tctn to 

At juft defcrip:ions of fiditions woe. 
"Whilft bolder thoughts my daring breaft 

To give to Britifti flrains the Attic Bre, 
To catch the fpirit, and the moral though^ 
Which fage Euripides pathetic taught { 
To mark the ftruggling pafllons as they rt^bf 
Darkning the foul as tempefts cloud the ikies | 
Forgive, great poet, my prcfumptoous Mn£p, 
Which vainly hop*d thy beauties to transfufei 
Tho' much they langoifti in my feeble lines, 
Yer thro* the cloud tby native genius (hines| 
Forcing itfelf with unrefifted fway, ^ 
And burf^ing forth in all the blaze of day* 
With haplcls Petrarch now I join my tears, 
And the fad fcene fome beaoteons Laurie 

Serenely rifing from the watery bed, 
Or lightly tripping o'er th' enamell'd mead. 
But ah! thcfe joys are o'er -~ farewell, ye 

(hades ! 
Farewell, poetic dreams !— farewell, Aonian 

maids 1 
Religion fummoos.— — From th' SBthereal 

Behold the virgin comes, arrsy'd in light ; 
High o'er her head the fun's bright Conn 

Encircled with a crown of radiant fiars. 
Lull and confounded in the glorious blase, 
Whilft on the heavenly maid I trembling 

Accents melodious ftrike my liflening ears. 
And thus her words divine icCcve my 



I • 

SHiff^^Podrff dncHltt and mMTn^ ftr KvL^^ 1785. 643 

M ftratos 
« To fin^ oC hMon' md of lovers* pains, 
^ To puDt the Iwm^rt of the feveriih *> 

** The vase of war^ imbition nacoiifin'd > 
«< Vicfc uk the'toib which harrafi loft I 
• '^tfaiikttfdi J" 

tt A ooUer (bbiea OmoM thy breail inipire, 
— Eialt tbj Toki^ and afeiouNte thj hj^re : 
>* See where I poUt^ behold yoa bnght a- 

M Wherer deathkft blift ihamindi the 

<«Chfan0of Goo. 
M Fear aok^ ihg* dark and iacricate the 

•* way, 
•> The chemb Faith fhall f vide thee with 

I <« her ray, 
«f And chafe the gloom with Tmth's 

M reliftkit day. . 
«* See boafted Sophiftry'a vain legions j^d 
** At her approach^ and vao^vilh'd qtfit the 

<* 0« May I lee thee join that glorioes band 
^ lindch once adora'd. Brhanoia'f luippy 

^ Like Afede, the i^int darting «n hi« (oaly 
^ The niyftic bo^ of prophecy noroU s 

<* Firm io his faith, and ftcady to my eanft^ 
** Sre Randolph rife to vindicate my laws ; 
** Ev'n in this Talc^from poblicview retir^d^ 
" Behold a {m withgenoinevirtoe fir'd^ 
'< Content to Ipend the evening of hit days 
" In pioos a^ tranfcendiog vulgar praiie^ 
<* The bed of iickoefs and drftrefsto chear, 
<* To dry the widow's and the orphan^ teaff 
** Celeftial tmths with eloqoence impart, 
" Relieve the wretched, hufe the drooping 

' «« heart. 
" Such is his praAice { foch, mj foD» be 

<« thine. 
^ And may in thee a fecond S ihine.*' 
She ceaa*d : her Toice with reverence I obey . 
Refolv'd to follow where fht leads the way. 
And mnft { <|oit ((ad thooght) this happy 

plain, r>^)ga ' 

The Moies* (eat, where Tmth and Fneiidfhip 
O'er the fiair vak I feem to caft my eye. 
Shed the warm tear, and heave the parting 

When far remev'd from thofe I lov'd fo 

well, [dwell, 

On thee my friend (hall meoMry fond I / 
Recal thofe heait*felt pleafnies to my view 
Which once at Eaftwell's lov*d retreat I 


#* With penetrating eye, and thought fab* . While letters, kind interpreters, impart 
" " ' r.i_^ . V ^^ ^irai effafions of thy generoos heaif. 

Thus (ball our friendihip mine with metital 

«*iime, [timei 

•• Fnrl^ the will of Goo throofth eadlefs 
^ Hia mercies, far tranfcending thooght, ex- 

** Afceod XP heaven, and as yon gaxe adore. 
*<• With Cndv^orth tnteUcAual worlds define, 
a( Or trace with Clarke the attribntes di- 

• **vnie. 
^ See Hooker, brave aflertor of my laws, 
,M Lead Anh hia train to combit in my 

** canfe ; 
: <* Strack by the force of tnth, be(bre him 

<' Fanatic fmc, and papal tyranny. 
^*His Ims with ready eloquence endow'd, 
«See TiUotfon harangue the lifi'ning 

** crowd, 
M The vtrtnes teach, explain the moral plan, 
** And (hew ns all that 's great and good in 

** man. 
* BehoM of moderns an illeftriousline{ 
M See Botler, Sherlock, Pearce, and Newton 

•* (bine. 
** Before him Learning's adamantine (hield, 
f* See Warborton advance lo uke the field, 
" Sktird todetea the Deifl*s fobtle arts, 
^ And thofe vain aide which fopbifiry im« 

** parts, 
^ Pierc'd by hit judgement ftrong, in reafon's 

^ The boafted eloquence of St. John fails | 
^ The fckly tafte of Shafteibory expires, 
** Baffled his Vii , extinft his Attic ^res. 
M See modeft riord, poflea'd of tafte refin*d, 
^* Exteofive learning, and a Uberal mind, 
M And Lowth,adom'd with manly eloqncBce,. Go than, and ftiU bedew witb piany a tear ' 
5 Bmploy their weftdiosf .powcn ia fff The pen^ve cypce6 tkfi t^adhadci K s 

<« detect. - » im. 

• •VW.Va 

In every change of fortune ftiU the (ame. 

E L £ ^ Y, 


OP LYMir-aiais, noapoLx.. 

WHENE'ER a foal where heaven* 
born Virtue (hioes 
With native grandeur and unclouded light. 
Where Truth with winning Gentknefs com- 
Firm Truth, that foars to its fablimeft 
heights - 

When 0eath*s fiern angel on his clay.cold 
Wa(ti fuch a (bol from this tcrseftrlal 
Frieod(hip, how mourns thy late on ever/ 
How dne the Mu(e's fympathifiog tear 1 

While In melodious (ighi (he breathes her lay. 
And wakes the requieai on her plaintiv; 
Ye, who at Merit's faae your tribute pay. 
Advance, and in her tnneful grief cbn« 

The friend. benign, the parent juftly dear,^ 
And Freedom^ champion, ihaU not Vircuo 

$44 ^^^ P^^9 Meitmmkd mim^fm Aagof^ * tTt^^ 

Whilf there its Tigili filial iorrow keepf ^ 
In tender onioD with oMternal woe, 

Coadoling Pity, roft-ey'4«ofel| weepi« 
And herfweet plaints pathttically tfow. 


Umbra tegitt dMr# agaiat ■ iwriffii tS|H iili 
Scilicet etoAoa c«ll«i.caai^flMe pttnm. 
C^dity et indigaam et noo laiJMiWii itMu 

£t oni ftccifat dake^ f««c^d«r 4| i^ 

Tcstto hit h^art congenial with jour own* 

'Ye who Philaotbropf 's mild lawi ohey, . , , 

l^thofc amiable, fhofe ioothing powers were Bt priis'%baic parilis.f^Uk CfCfpnt 
known, fyWa 

That gild the gloOTi of life with plea^ Flebor, et cxe^oiis {nrrti 4DtofM|| fcih^ 

fore's ray. Befixon lapidcB, t«aioIiqic«1(ulit«eti(Va% 

SweetChcrity, he -felt thy fovce diriae^ Tarn fabit^ pcriift ^nMnm taaf tligat ■»■ 

And his entmoor'd foul confcfs'd thee fairs 

A aealoos vot*ry atthy hallow'd fhriacy 
His nobleft incenib ftill heoffef'd there. 

With what /lae tran(pon> did kit heart cat* 

The neck faiMcn glifleaiBi^ ia his eyes^ 
Wheoe'er it prompted hia propitioas hand* 

With timely aid to filence Penory's criest 

lamented (bade, that in the realms of day. 

(Thrice Ueft exchange for fnblunafy 
cares 1^ - 
Hear*ft, in extatic blifs di(tott*d away, 

Cherubic harps warbling immortal airs ! 

ThoO| o*er irhofe generous brtafty while here 
•ComTnibial tendemefs in triomph reiga'd, 
6o eharm'd to fee the filial boforo glow 
With that fond revertnco but by love ob- 
tain'd : 

Oh, tnfn thine eyes from this low wcfrld of 

Agnofco hnmanai factes e( Cittiafaiay 
^t lick ipfe bi'efiSf 

Eft homiai breriar ckiAffte Mom^^Mifam 

• • 'Ik/- I I i» i 

A coMdiATviaraftt 
a O K^ K B 
•TO A • r m I a w D^ - 

m the mum ^ Mm of^bit Jm «r Emfmi 

inw wbieb timte thiirjmtBr UH kmm 

never henf'aig^ hteird fnm tkm* 

HER dun veil long TTncaitaia^ badbaajf 
*Twizt thee and JffapeVfiur fr^f% Jal 

It £ba«ld cheer . , 

Thy anxious breaif, which aft. wiUl gritf 
was wroqg. ' » 

W^ilc for thy foas ia iecret irpap^^,.tjir 

(Wh.t cj^ft »»•«» <■*« fc"« SrirfioJ -iferj sontttime. yea f.w them wM.'* te.oe«»S . 
^'** ""^l^rt ** "^ "*' *" w«Jl^kn«»n ^^ i^uoM fci«i,^ ^ :^ 4^i^ 
WhUh^hoia^^ objea. tkat wew once s,^; J'^\h„.gtath.y »»«I^. 

The Wife's diftrefs, thechild^s affc^ing tears, 
iLound her 1ov*d walft clafping his duteous 
Would quite unfit thee for thy kindred 
And rob et'n Paradife of half its charms * 

Vuhvkb Coihgts J.N.Pvai>ieo»rBK. 

Mr. UxlAN, 

1SEND yoo a latin tranftatiofi of a p^ece 
which I formerly commonicaied M you 
ander the title of " The Poplar Field.'* 



VOWV&JE cecIdit8;Tat:(rimacopia fyltrafc, 
Conticoere faforr)^ omnif<{ue evanuit umbra ; 
Kttlix jam levibus fe mifcent frondtbus aurx> 
£t nulla ia ffolrto raraomm Indft imago. 

Heioilhi, bis'Tenos dura loM tofqveor 

' aonos 
His cogor filvis, foetpqae fearrre receflll. 
Cum &o radicaty ftratafqae in gramine ctr« - 

lofcdi arhoribas fab ^alii emit foltbanu 

Beneath the craeby af Hyder'a 

Now, fiace they fa(fe have reach*!^ the B9* 
tifh (notcf 
Permit the Mofe to hail the haapy day " 
Whieh foon Ihall give.theBi to thy aght oace 
And drive each doobtfol^ atfkioa'a thoagjbc 

While all thy fam1y# with attentive aar. 
Shall crowd around, their woadroyi taki \0 
/TMOrA^. ^ J. A 

'^HX LTllltTINt AWSWiatD. 

« npHE Fiir are formM foi' Lov^ 

Jt "Their very e^estfoafcis I 
^ Then who ihall dare to blame 
•* the giri that deigns to btefs f^ 

THE maxim yoa adt aaca« 

I readilv maft awa-:— • . 
They *re forai*d for Iiovay 'its tratb 
Bat TjaTVOVf Lava a^lohb. * 
«^t t. S<f a*vvaft»iijfsii^ 

9*9f*p»ft^/v rtgutating ifn Mtrtnrfi with rrcluiL 64i 

ty thi Bill ftf/mtlfy ratMv lU Immmrft 

Und, MUrnHwil »U tfubMi frhuit/iii 

■ ff tU m,iu*l imfii -f hri K^ntiim. 

Mrrti 01 At Wnfi ^ Csmmm h '^ Ciai- 

Whcrcu it ii hiehl* iiDrariini to ihc ge- 
pcnliDtETcAiof thc'Britilheapin, itiit th< 

S.tcraHiJe and coainicrcF bctvecn Oicai 
rituD and Inluii (hoald be Snillj Kgi- 
lucd, OS perniDCot lod <^iuble princi- 
fldj {orSkeBidiait bnxfilof bolbcovnirici: 
AndwI^eieUi fw ihu purpBIc, it i* ex' 
pedienc ihit ihc iride betWMa ibe fiil 
fMBIiic*) n. wdl in iniclci of the (jTOWlti, 
,fr|idKC>'4rfli*aaf«fliirc of Either oftlieai M 
ui (hob. of fbreigB cDunirief, ft|eii]d be car 
cBVTijed (ad ntcnded u BBck ■■ polublf, 
■b^ itan m ^11 puticlpiiioii of Ihe Coior 
Bcreiil Ad*inl)t» vbicfa thi* tingdais 
.May,dcriTe froa (dj cf iu fcttigB CtRle^ 
tfeaOf ni)oiDiei ar plaHilioiif, ud Fran 
ifce adafiK f rin)«ni «ijfiT^ bjr th'« fup* 
«nd luao thereof, IhooW be fecered to 
InliBd g> ihe fiokf Unat u tbc liiid •'»■- 
{f{n ue^ or fbdl bpt fran timt to tiae, en- 
i<7ed bj.the iDh*l|>iut) oTlbii iln^dom : 

B« il' thercf<we diKlired, b^. the Kia{f« 
maA CKcUeBi tiijtllj, hj and with the 
•dein tut onfem *l Ihe LnrfU Spiritnil 

■HiiBCOi i^emblc'd, lod b* ibe uiibantf 
cd Ibe fttae. Thi^ it Bull lejield tnd i^- 
jod^ to ^ ^ finJimeDKl and eft mill con- 
ditioa of the preleni Setticneni, ihil aopra- 
UhiiioM ftall eitft, in either of the kinj' 
4aai of Otcii Britiin or Ireliftd, igtiuft 
the inportnioD, ole, at file of >)ij irtick 
at the irowlb, prodifcc, or miBuddore of 
■ho other of the fiid IciDgdaau, except fucb 
m »n hertiaaher eicepttd : 

And be II ihereftne enafied br tbe t-V 
.tharitrafonlud, Thai no prohibitioa IhaU 
caift in thii biogdon, irter the 

on the iavonalion, olcf 
<»r ftU of any article,, the growib, prodacr, 
or miiHraAare o( Ireland, eicept fach « 
mm taift, or maj herHficr nift, aiiiiiS 
Ibe iiOportuion of torn, meal, mall, flour, 
and biinii, and atfo eicept ftich ijuiljlied 
ivobibitioiu which art oow, or maj here- 
after be io forte, it do cotabfotglel* prevent 
the impMlaii^o of goodi or naBafaSnrei, or 
JheMleiiakof manafiftnre, hatonlj'regu- 
b» or pcalcribe the lonn'je, ol dioiaiilioni, 
ar ballt, or cpsinr^ of thc.lhipi or TeScla in 
vhich the ffBie nij be importedt or rep' 
lite or prefcrihe tlw weight, 6u, at qsaniK; 
cf (baarticle lobetbeiein ioVfCWd, or the 
fKhage* in wjiicb Ike fiD« qaj be con- 
uiaed, or rcfaUic or puftribe ethei drinirn. 
taacn nlvi^e therttoi and itto except pnc 
hiUiiaaxetraiaJiistb* ioiponation.foilale, 
AP>l>oa, aWH,xeiipfwderr*D^ otbec 
^ w»t, hdeli bj Tytut tt "iut Ma- ' 

ifiy'i licence ) and alfo etcepi faA prohibii 
oni ai mij lie neceOarf Tor proitdiDg tba 
>pr-rifht» of aatbon and bnokrellers t*4 
igraTcd property of engrarerj, and of the 
mien of prinii and oitp), and ill Mher et- 

Cflconragement of Bev inrention>,_ t,o bsdifa 
CDtporue ST, individual!, by lAi of Pat' 
liiiaeoc, innta fjrom ihe Cra^n, se olhel- 

And be K fonber declare t by ifteaiitlisrrrf 
■fofcfiid, ThM it Stall be h.ld and adjndjei 
to be > (nndimentil and eT^ntiil CHditiod «f 
the prcrrr.i fetdeenA, lii.E in all ctl"** 

, IrelanS, aod ihr dnliei on'ib* 

lame articlet, of the growib, pmitet, dl' 
mannfiAiiTe of Ireland, whea ic^poried IMV 
Great Brit|iiD,' the daiies on fi|ch inicla 
lIiMid be rtdiKsd, ia ihe k'n^dora whri« 
th^ afe,bi|^eil,.la)inraino«iit nut ciceeilia( 
the datin vbtch weia payible in ihe otbcE 
an (he fcreoiwntb daf of Mjiy, onf ihoofiai 
fena bnadrcd and n'htyiwo} fs thai i> 
crery c^le ia vbich K 'j aricte vat cfairgc4 
with a ijoiy on inpor.iiinn into irehnd J 
ten ponndl ten fhilliaji percen'ioiD/ of af' 
«aid>, OD the te*enT;mth dij of Maj oo* 
thonCiod lereo hnndrtd and eighrr-iwo, iha 
■aoont af ihe, faid dplici fo rrdn.cad IbiU 
sot be hit itiiii Atitii doiy of len pwmda 
ten Oiil^nppercetitnin; arufihai (IJMlicle), 
which ate now imponabla dut^-frec int* 
either kincdoq fr^ the other, I1)>11 beoe- 

afier be imported dDiy-fiee into each kinr. 
dcB from (he other refpeairely r Be « 
therefore eaided, by ibe auihoriiy afore- 
faid, That it fball be lawrul tu iinpui 
into thii luoEdoa atl |iiedi af tbt grawtta 
prodaee, or saaoFaAure of ][elaDd(eu:^ 
ai herein eicepted) fabjeA to fucb ratci ia4 
duiwi ai aforefaid, to be liitd and itett' 
laiaed ia the tsaoDer to be' bercii^fcn 

And dttlired by the authority afsre- 
laid. That it ihiU be held and ailjadgtd to be 
■ fundaiaental mil iffcntial eondnioii of the 
prelent rclilecnent, that ti^ill Ci(4 in which 
the article! ofconfuDiplioB of eitticr kingdom 
Qiill be obliged with an tntefnK) ddty oa ^ba 
mannfaauTc, foch manafia^rn Wiiep im- 
ported fn^ the other, may Vt charged Hilh 
a Fanher duty on the im^orttlion, ■diquaie 
to outirrvii] ihe dutj nn the ' minafam^) 
and il;i( in ill cilVi m .vhich there Onilba 
a duty in cither fc^igJom ooihe »« mair^il 
oTany miDuFifluii, rji:h manafadar* may, 
oo lit iroparman from ibe other;dam( 
be chitged with fueh i coantemilioa dnty 
H niy be k'!li:ie>'.( 11 I'lfbiedl the (imc to 
burr •■'. .'■'. I ■■ i ■ ■ '^fe 10 which Tnch 
Bi >. incoafcooeaee of 

fuch duiici 09 fgch raw. q^uriift, in tba, 
i'lDltbtn-uua «Utl TaCh m■s^raebrt'Ma« 

646 S'll propoftdf^ nguktlng tbi Intgrcmtrfi wth Irelandi 

%t r<» Imported; and that in all cafea 
in vhich a bounty (ball be given, ih either 
t^iDgdoBiy on anj articles manotaAored 
ftheretOt which (hall remain on foch articles 
vhen eaported to the other, fucb anidea 
iDay be charged with m further dutT, in the 
kingdom into which they fhall be imported, 
Ibfficicnt to cooutenrail fach bounty remain- 
iog thereon \ Provided always. That the 
^ty to be impofed opon manufaAurcd fait, 
imported into any part of Great BritaiOi in 
•rder to countervail the internal doty there- 
Miy (hall be computed according to the rate 
•£ the loietnal duty payable thereon in 

And be it declared by the authority 
aforefaidy That it (hall be held and adjudged 
to be a fundamental and ((Tential condition 
«f the prefent fetilement, that no new or ad- 
ditional doty or doiirs (ball be hereafter im- 
yofedy in either kingdom, on the importation 
•f any article of the growth, produce, or 
AanofaAure of the other, except fuch 
coontervailiBg dnties ai may from time to 
lime be impofed, as hereinbefore provided, 
In coDfe<|neoce of any iiuemal doty 00 the 
■aanufaAare, or of any dutv on the raw 
material of which fuch manufa^cre is com- 
-yoicd, or of any bounty given on any goods 
■lanuCaAorcd in the other kingdom, and re- 
maining on fuch goods when exported there- 
from : and that fuch countervailing dotics, 
to be impofed as aforefaid, (ball continue fo 
long only as the internal confumption (hall 
be charged with the duty or duties on the 
nanufaSure or raw material which fuch duty 
fo impofed (hall have been intended to 
countervail, or as fuch article (hall retain, 
on exportation from the other kingdom, the 
bounty which fuch doty fo impofed (hall have 
been intended to countervail. 

And be it declared by the anthoriry afore- 
/aid. That it (hall be held and adjudged to 
1^ I fflpdamental and cflential condition of 
the prefenC fettlcment, that no new pro- 
hibition, or new or additional duties, fliall 
Vereafter be impofed, in either kingdom, on 
the exportation of any article of native 
«rowth, produce, or manofa£kore, from one 
kingdom to the other, except fuch as either 
kingdom may deem expedient, from time to 
time, ppoA com, meal, malt| flour, and 

Provided always, and it is hereby declared 
by the authority aforefaid, to be a funda- 
Bicntal and eflential condition of the prefent 
fetilrmeot, that when any article of the 
growth, produce, or manufacture, of either 
kingdom, (ball b« prohibited by the laws 
of the faid kingdom to be exported to foreign 
countries, the fame articles, when exponed 
Co the other kingdom (hall be prohibited to 
be re-esported from thence to any foreign 


And bt it declared by the authority afore- 
lald^ That it (kail be held and adjddgcd to be 

a fundamental and cflTeotlal cooditioa of tbc 
prefent fettleaaent, that no boamiea wkattvec 
(bonld be puid or payable, in eithec kiofdoBf 
on the exporution 01 any article to the oihef, 
except fuch as relate to com, mall, await 
flour, and bifi:uitt and eiccpc alio ibe 
bounties at prefent given on beer, and Ipiriis 
diftilled from com ; and foch u are in ibt 
nature of drawbacks or oompenfation for di- 
ties paid : Be it therefore enaAed by the an* 
thoriiy aforefaid. That all boontica now 
payable in Great Britain, by virtoe of any 
AA or A^ of Parliament, on the exporta- 
tion of any articles to Ireland, Ihall oea(« 
and determine, and be no longer paid or pay 
able, from and after 

except the bounties now payable oa 
beer, and fpirits diftilled firom com | and ex- 
cept any bounties which relate to con, 
meal, nult, flour, and bifcnits ; and except 
fuch as are to the nature of drawbacks or 
compenfations for duties paid. 

And be it declared by the anthority afore- 
faid. That it (hail be held and adjad|ed to 
he a fundamental and eflentlal conditma af 
the prefent fettlement, ' that all articles ^ 
the growth, produce, or manafa£bre of 
Great Britain or IMaod flioold be exporubk, 
from the kingdom into which they fhall be 
imponed from the other, as free from duties 
as (imilar commodities of the fame kingdom; 
and that all manufa£tores of either kinfdoB, 
imponed into the other, (hall be entStled^ to 
foch drawbacks or bounties, on exportarion 
from the kingdom into which they (hall 
have been fo imported, as may leave the 
fame fubjeA to no heavier burthens than tbo 
home made manufaAurcs of foch kingdom ; 
and that when any fuch anides (hall be liable, 
in either kingdom, to any duty on being ex- 
ported to any foreign country, the fooie 
.articles, if they (hall have been imported 
from fuch kingdom into the other, foall,, on 
exportation from fuch other kingiiom to any 
foreign countries, pay the famechities as they 
would have been liable to on exportation 
from the kingdom of their growth, produce, 
or manufa^ure, to fuch foreign couoiry or 

And be it therefore enoAed by the au- 
thority aforefaid. That al! articles of tbo 
growth, produce, or manufaAore of Ireland, 
imported into Great Britain, (hall be entitled 
to fuch freedom or exemption from duty, 
and to fuch drawbacks, or bonntics in the 
nature of drawbacks, on exportation from 
Great Britain to any place or coontry what- 
ever, as may render them fobjeft, on foch 
' exportation, to no heavier burthen than the 
like articles, of the growth, produce, or 
manufaftare of Great Britain, are or may bo 
fubjeft to on exportation therefrom to the 
fame countries or places refpeAively ; and 
that all articles of the growth, produce, or 
manufaAure of Ireland (hall, on being ex- 
ported from this kingdom to any foreign 


-BiU pr9p9fid f$r nguktlng ibt Iniirccurfi witb Ireland, ^^j 

coontry, be fabjeft to tKe fame doty or dotiet bo t fondameattl and efleotial coaditia« ^ 

f wbith (bej woqld hare beea fabjed on the prefent fetcleqienty ibat all aniclet, not 

'being exported dire^y from Ireland to fuch the .growth, produce, or raaoafaAare of 

foreign coontry. Creat Briiain or Ireland (accept thofe of th^ 

And whereas. In order to afcertain the gr6wth, prodoce, or manufadure of any 

Unties, bounties, and drawbackt| which may coantrief beyond the Cape of Good Hope Cf 

take place at aforefaid, on the importation the Scrcightsef Magelbn, during fuch cim^ 

of the articles of the growth, produce^ or as the trade to the laiii countries Ihall co«- 

i&anDfad.ure of either kingdom into the tioue to he caffied on by an eiclu6ve com- 

ocber, or on the exportation of the articles pany, having liberty to import into the pott 

of the growth, produce, or manufaAure of of London only) mall be imported into eadt 

cither kingdom from thence to the other, or kingdom from the other, reciproc^Uy, vnder 

on the exportation of the anicles of the the fame regulations, and at the fame dutaea 

growth, produce, or manofaAore of either ^if fubjed to duties) to whieh chey would 4|e 

iLingdom from the other to any foreign liable when imported direAly from tl|e 

countries, \t is expedient that proper perfons country or place from whence the fame mmy 

be appointed, in each kingdom, to prepare a hare been imponed into Great Britain or 

fchedule or fchedules thereof, to be laid be- Ireland refpedirely, as the cafe may be : B« 

lore the Parliaments of both kingdoms, for it therefore enaded by the authon^ *^9f^ 

their coniideration and approbation ; Be it faid. That it lhall and may be lawful to ^a|« 

enaded by the authority aforefaid^ That pon from Ireland into Great Britain| in (hips 

(hall, navigated according to law, ail goods^ not 

and they are hereby authorized and im- the growth, produce, or manufafture o( 

powered to meet, confer, and confult touch- Great Britain or Ireland (except thofe of th« 

mg the formation of fuch fchedule or growth, produce, or manufadure of th^ 

fchedules as aforefaid, or any particulars re- countries beyond the Cape of Good Hope to 

latJTe thereto, with any perfon or perfons the Sreights of Magellan, during fuch timo 

who may be appointed for the like pnrpofe as the trade (hall continue to be carried oo 

by virtue of any ad of the Parliament of by an ^xclufive company, baring liberty to 

Xfelapd. import into the port of London only) under 

And be it enaded by the authority afore • the fame regulations, and at the fame duties, 

did. That the faid to wtiich fuch goods would be liable when 

AhU, and they are hereby imported diredty from the country or place 

required to lay, with all cooTcnient fpeed, from whence the fame may hare been im« 

foch fched)ile or fchedules, and a report of ported into Ireland. 

thetr proceedings relative to the formation And be it declared by the authority afore- 

thereof, before the Houfe of Commons of faid. That it (hall be held and adjudged to be 

Cfreat Britain. a fundamental and e(rential condition of the 

And be it enaded by the authority afore- prefent fetilement, that all duties originally 

^d, That the faid paid on the' importation of fuch j^oods into 

(ball, and they are here- either kingdom refpcAively, (hall be fully 
by antborized and empowered to examine drawn back, within a time to be limited, on 
upon oath any perfons whatever, who (hall the exportation thereof from one kingd^ to 
be willing to be fo examined, touching any the other, except on the exportation to Ire- 
matters relative to the formation of the faid land from Great Britain of arrack, foreign 
^hedules. brandy, and foreign rum, and all forts of 
And be it fofther enaded| That the faid ftrong waters not imported from the Britilh. 

(hall, on or before colonies in the We(l Indies, and except the 

the take and fubfcribe ■ duties to be retained, as herein after direfted 

(he following oath, before the Chancellor of on articles exported to Ireland, being tho 

bis Maje(ty*s Exchequer, or before any growth, produce, or manufacture of countries 

one of the Barons of the Court of Ex- beyond the Cape of Good Hope to the 

^lie^ner: Sireightt of MigclUn : Be it therefore 

** I A. B. do fwesr. That, as a Com- ena^cd by the authority aforefaid. That all 

** mi(Goner appointed by virtue of an duties originally paid or fecured, on the im- 

'* A^, intituled portation into this kingdom of any goods or 

f< commodities^ not being the growth, produce, 

** I will, to; the or manufaAure of Ireland, except arrack^ 

** beft of my judgment and ability, foreign brandy, foreign rum, and all forts of 

'< faithfully and impartially dlf- ftrong waters not imported from the Briti(h 

'* charge the truft thereby repofcd in colonies in the Weft Indies, and except the 

"me, without favour or afteftion duties to be retained, as hereinafter directed, 

'< to any perfon or perfons whatever, on articles exponed to Ireland, being the 

** So help me GOD.** growth, produce^ or raanufaAure of countries 

And bf it declared by the authority afore- beyond the Cape of Good Hope to the 

|aidf That it (ball be held and adjudged to Speights of Magellan^ (hall be fuUjf drawa 


Biil prtptfid fer rigaJoting thi Inttraurft with Ireland, ^f 

csontrr.tiefiibjeA tatheriBcduiy ardutia 
ta which ibej would bifc been fubjcd on 
beiog ciponed d'lrcftl; fton Ireliod la fach 
faTcign coonlEj. 

And whtr • - --■—-■- -■-- 



n ibc ic 

, whici 

Mbcr, or on the cxportition of ihc inidrt 
of the gcawtb, product, *r minufifturc of 
eiibcr kiD|doin front thence to the olhn, or 

growih, produce^ or minufiflDre of cither 
kingiloiD frao the olhtr to tnj foreign 
ci>Bntii», ft it ap«dien[ ihit proper peifun) 
be ippoioied, in eich kinidon, to prepire i 
fbbEdule or fcherfulei thcrtof, to be liid be- 
fore the Pirliamenli of boih kinploni, for 
tbeir conndention and approbalion ; Be it 
ttii&ei br ibe tutboi'iiy ifoiefald, Tbit 
and the; itc hereby (uihoriied ind Im- 
Bowered to meet, confer, «nd confult icmch- 
mc the fonnaiion of focb fchedule or 
Icbedula » aforefaid, or toy finkvhri re- 
lative iheretg, with any perfon oT perfool 
nho aij be apjiointcd forihelike parpeTe 
br tlitae of any tit of the Parliament of 

Aad be it entAcd bj the autboritr afore- 
faid. That tbe faid 

be a randaneDtal and elTeiiiial condiciom aC 
the prcfenl fcitlement, ibtt all aniclea, sac 
the iniwih, produce, or raiaarijtiire af 
Great Briiaip or IieUnd (eicept ihsfe of th? 
growth, prodace, or minufiSure of anf 
cDuntrietbcfandtbeCiiK uf Good Hope to 
the Siteighti of Htrrlbn. during fui:hliB« 
li the itide to the iii'i couiiirlFi Itiall coK- 
tioue to hr carried on by an eicluGie «oh- 
pin)-, lining libeftj to impofi into the poit 
of LoudoD only) ftall be impnnH i«o e>A 
kingdom frooi the other, reciprocaljr, aadcc 
thi: [iRie rcgslilioni, and at the fame duiiea 
(if fubjeft «> duiici) to which the; would iie 
liable when irapoiied direfilj froa ll)e 
country or place front whence (he faae aaj 
haTc been imported into Great Britain •« 
Ireland re fpcAivel J, aa the cafemtf be: ■• 
It therefore enafied bj Itie authoiitf afi)ie- 
fiid. That it (hall and ma; be lawful to lis. 
port from Ireland into Great Britain, ia <bif« 
' iccocding to law, all goodi, not 

>t Britain or Ir 

the Sreighii of Magellan 


irtde Ihall CI 




ire hereby 


ired to lay. 


en, fpeed. 


, fchedale o 

r r.:he. 


I, and 1 

■ report of 


r nroccedingi rpljt 

to the 

(hereof, before i 

ihe Hi 


of Commont of 

And be it eniaed bv the anthoritj afore- 
faid, That the faid 

(bail, and they are here- 
by BMhoriied and empowered to examine 
(ipoii Mlb any perron) whateier, who fball 
bia willing ID be fo exaitiined, touching any 
~ iie totherorauioaor ihefaid 

company, hafiog liberty w 
import Into the pott of Londoo only) under 

to wnich fuch goodi would be liable wlcn 
imported dircdiy from the country or place 
frocB whence the fame may hare been im- 
porred into Irelini). 

And be it declared by the authority afote- 
faid. That it Ibili be held and adjudged to be 
a fundamental and elfrniial condition of the 
prefent fetitcment, that ill duLiei originally 
paid on the imporiatiun of fuch good) into 
either kingdom refpeAirely, Ihall be fully 
J k.-b _.;>k:. . •:— . ^o be limited, oa 

the eiponation thereof from 

1 on the eiportation to lir- 
t Britain of arratk, foidsa 

It impnctcd from ihe Br«ife 
Weft Indict, and ewcpt ite 
ined, ai herein afterfceaeJ 
. sned to Ireland, hciH '^ 

e Cii<e of Good Haee iw Ibe 

of M<s<»>[> - Bt H ibocfon 

euatfcd by the auihor ity aforrb^ Tlat aU 

duiiei origin.-iUy paid or fr«i[»d, o» the im- 

pp rial io n JnTO i hii klngjom of anyfMdior 

" ibnng ihrgrewib. prafaea, 

of Ireland, riwpt amckr 

~ reipi >vn>, and all foiti of 

jotpgitF^ from iha Brililh 

/rft tiidirt, and t*etpt iha 

laef, » hrrelnaAif dirrAcdf 

■4 m Ireland, being the 

maoa/bAarr of ireamriei 

tt C*^ ll<yr 14 Ou! 

Mi^, ball ^ full-. I .... 

^4^ Bill propcfiif/er ngutathg the tmirciurfi vHtb Irelti^ 

hwky tr the It-curity for the fame dlf- 
Icbai^ed, pn exportition rhcreof to Ireland^ 
ivhhio years after the impQitatioa 

Itbereof into this kngdom. 

Provided always, and be it ena£ted by the 
arathority aforefaid^ That no fuch drawback 
iftall be paid» or fccorlty difchargrd, ^ntil a 
jcerti/icafe from ;the proprr officer of the re- 
^cnttein Ireland, gating the due entry and 
gliding of fuch articlrs, ihall be returned and 
Mivered to the proper oHicer of the port 
jbooai whence the tame ihall have been 
/exp«rtedy and ^niil ihe federal other par- 
ticulars by law re<}Q-rrd in tbe cafe of 
jlrawbacks'lhaHhaTe.betn dujy obfcrved.^ 

And whereat it is highly and rqually im- 
ip«>fftant to the iinerel^s bMh of Grrat Britain 
and Ireland, and cflTential to the objcAs of 
j^cprefent Sf«ltment, that the laws for re- 
gnlating tratli; and navigation, fa far as re- 
■ Jjitc« to the fccurinp ^xcl»'fivc privileges to 

5 he <hi|'S and fraiintis of Great Rritain and 
Ireland, and the iJritiiii colonics and planta- 
tions, and To far as icUtt-s to the rcgulatinc 
and rcflralning the trade of the Bririlh 
c^oniea an«l pUotatinns, ihould W '.he ^^wt 
in Great Baiiaiii and Ireland, and that all 
fttvh laws in boih kingdoms lliould inipnfe 
ibe fame rcllraint;, and confer the fame 
benefits, on the fobiffls of both, which can 
•i^lv be effcd>cJ by the laws to b«- paiTcd in 
-fhr Parliamfnta of both k'pgdom5(ihc farli- 
anacnt of Gieat Prit-in being alone com- 
petent to bii^d the; Pcr^lc of Great 3ritain in 
»ny cafe whacevtr, and the Parliament of 
Irela|[d beint; alone competent to bind the 
People of Irtlaud in any c»fe whatever) j 
therefore be ic declared by the authority 
aforefaid, That it (hall be held and adjudged 
to be a furdamenral and cnVniial condition of 
the prefcnl feiikmcr.t, that the laws for regp- 
iaiii»g trade and navigation, fo far as the faid 
bws reUir to the ivcuring oclufive privilrgcs 
to the (hips and mar*nrrs of Grrat Britain, 
Ireland, ard the Britifh colonics and planta- 
jioas, and to the regulating and 
the trade of the Briiilh colonies and planta- 
tions, fhall be the fame in Great Britain and 
Irtlaiidi and fhall inrpofe the faa:e rc- 
Ara'tnts, and conh r the lame benefits, on ihe 
fvbje^ls of both kicgdnms : 

And be it thiTifore drclared and ena^td 
\j the authority aforcf-i'd, That all privi- 
leget, adv4nt4ges, and immunities, which 
are nowgramrd, or (hall, hy any law to be 

Cified by the Parliament of Britain, be 
ireafter granted, to thips built in Great 
Britain, c»r lo ftilps bi lorj^ing to any of his 
Majffly*" fuhji'^s n filling \\y fireat Britain, 
or to (hip) manned by Hniifh kamenf (ri» 
AtipS manntd by certain proportions of Britifh 
^amen, (hall, to all intents and purpofrs 
whatever, br rnjoyed in the fame maaner, 
and under the fame regulations and reflric- 
lions, refprAiwely, by (hlpk built in Ireland, 
or by (hips be'ongirr to any of his Majcfly'^ 
iubjiAs rcfidmg in Ireland, or by ihip^ 

oianned by Irfih feanea, or bj tt^b 
nanned bj certala froportioDS of Iiilk 

Provided always^ and be xC declared ^ tbk 
authority aforesaid, 1'bat it ftall be keUI aiMl 
pdjudged CO be a fundamental ani cCemid 
cqndition of tb£ prefent 8ct{lcgidaC| ibx 
fuch regalaiion's ai are now, or beretftw 
ihall be, in forccy hj laws pafled orco bt 
paiTed in the Parliament of Oreat BricaiOi 
for fecuring exclufive privileges, adraotageti 
and immunities as aforefaid to the Ihipt ana 
mariners of Great Bricain, Ireland, aail Ibt 
Dn'tifh colonies and plantations, (hall bceiif- 
blifhed in Ireland, for the famt ciney aa4 
in the fame manner as in Great BricaiP, hf 
laws to be pa(red in the Parliament of Ireland 
within months, if the parMamenC of 

Ireland (hall be then fitting, and flialt con- 
tinue to fit for months next enfning 
without being prorogued or diffolved t of, ia 
cafe thr Parliament of Ireland (hall not be 
then fitting, or (ball not concinne to fit for 
months without being prorogued ar 
dilTolved, then within inoptha after 
the commencement of the nejit cnfuing (e(fion 
of Parliament : Provided neverthelefs, That 
the laws fo to be pa(Ted in the Parliament of 
Greit Brirain, for the porpofes afotffai^ 
fhall impofc the fame refirain^s, and confer 
the fame benefits, on the fubje^a of Great 
Britain and Ireland. 

And be it declared by the authorltj aforf- 
faid, That it (hall be held and adjudged 
to be a fundamental and eiTential condition of 
the prefent Settlement, that Irifh fail cloth 
fhall be deemed Britifh fail cloth within the 
meaning of an AO of the nineteenth year of 
his late M«ief)y King George the Second, pr 
any other A^ or AAs of the Parliament of 
this kingdom refpeAing the furnifhing of 
(hips with Brttifli fait doih ; and that Irifh 
fail cloth fhall be entitled to equal preference 
and advantage as 9riti(!) for thp uff of the 
Britifh navy. 

, And be it further declared by the authority 
aforefaid, That it fhall be held and adjudged 
to be a fundamental and eflfential condition of 
the prefent feitlemenr, that the people of 
Iirland now, and at all times to come, (hal4 
have the benefit of trading to and from the 
Britifh colonies and plantations in the Wef^ 
Indies and America, and to and from the 
Britifh fettlements on the cpafl of Africa, 
and in all articles of their grovwth, produce, 
or manut'aAure, in as full and ample manner 
as the people of this kingdom, and Ihall like- 
wife have the benefit of trading in the like 
ample manner lo and from all fuch. colonies, 
fetiUriK.-nts. and plantations, which ihis king- 
dom may hereafter acquire cireftabifh, and to 
and ficm fuch Britifh fettlements as. may exifl 
ih the countries beyond the Cape ot Goo4 
^ope ID the Streightftof Magtllany wherever 
the trade with thofe countries lha:l 
be carried on by an exclofive company having 
liberty toiffpoit ioio the port ol London only* 


Bill propo fid for ngulatSng the iHUrcour/i with Ireland. 649 

'beic niaded by the authority afore- 
fhac all gnods and comaiodities what- . 
irhich may at any time be legally in- 

from Great Brlt«in into an^ Bntifh 
» or plantations in the Weft Indies or 
ca^ or into any Britilh fettlemenis on 
«ft of Africa, or into any fuch colo- 
irttkments, or plantations, which^thii 
»m may hereaffrr require or eftabliih, 
» any Briiiih fettlements which nay 
D the countries beyond the Cape of 
Hope to the Streights of Magellan, 
rer the commerce to the fald countries 
teafc to be carried oa by an exclufive 
ny haTiog liberty to import into the 
' London only, roay in like manner be 
ed into the (aid colonies, fettleraents, 
ntactons, from Ireland, fuUjeA only 
fame duties and regulations as the like 
(hall be fubjeA to on importation into 
the faid colonies, fettlements, or plan* 
» refpeAivcIy, from Great Britain, 
rided always, and be it declared by the 
ity aforefaid, That it (hall be held and 
;ed to be a fundamental and effential 
ion of the prefent fettlement, that all 
'cgolatioos or reflri^ions as relate to 
ide with the Britilh colonies or planta- 
which arc now, or Ihitll hereafter be, 
e by laws pafled by the Parliament of 
ingdom, iball be from time to time 
(bed in Ireland, by laws to be paflfed in 
trliaraent of Ireland within 
ft, if the Parliament of Ireland (hall 
n fitting, and (hall continue to fit for 

months next enfuing without being 
ued or di(rolved ; or, in ca(e the Par- 
it of Ireland (ball not be then fittings 
JI not continue to fit for 
is without being prorogued ordiflblvcdy 
nthin months after the com- 

ment of the next enfuing fc(fion of 
ment : Provided nercnhelefs. That 
wft fo to be pa(red in the Parliament of 
ifigdom, for the purpofes aforefaid, (hall 
i Che fame reflraints, and confer the 
benefits, on the fubjcAs of Great 
Q and Ireland. 

tided alfo, and be it declared by the 
ritT aforefaid, That it (hall be held and 
^ to be a fundamental and eHTential 
ion of the prefent fettlement, that all 
4f the growth, produce, or manufa£ture, 
J Britilh, or of any foreign colony in 
ica, or in the Well Indies, or of any of 
'itifh or foreign fettlemeotton the co^il 
frica, and all peltry, rum^ train oil, 
bale fins, being ihe growth, produce, 
Qufa&ure, of the countries belonging to 
niced States of America, or being the 
:e of the ttihcries carried on by the fob- 
»f the faid United States, (ball, on im- 
ion into Ireland, be made fubje^ to the 
Jutiet aiul regulations as the like .goods 
r from time to time (hall be, ftibjeA to 
Iportation into Great BrttaiD| or, if 
NT. MajQ.^^. X785. 

prohibit^ from being imported itito Great 
Britain, (hall in like manner* be prohibitedL 
from being imported ii>to Ireland. 

Provided always, and he it declared, That 
rum, being of the produce or manufacture 
•f the Britlfh plantatitfus in the Wed Indies, 
may bt importable into Ireland at no higher 
duties than are now payable thereon ; and 
alfo, that all goods exported from Ireland t» 
the Britilh colonies or plantations in the 
Weft Indies, or in America, or to the Britilh 
fe'tlemcDts on the coa(l of Africa, or to any 
of the countries beyond the Cape of Good 
Hope to the Streights of Magellan, fo long 
as the commerce to the faid countries (hall 
continue to be carried on by an exdufiTe 
company, having liberty to import into th# 
port of London only, or to any of the Britilh 
fctilcnneots in thcEaA Indies, whenever fuch 
commerce ihalf ceafe to be carried on by fuch company, (hall* from time to time 
be mAde liable to luch duties, and be entitled 
to fucli drawbacks, only, and be put under 
fu4;h regulations as may be necelTary, ia 
order that the fame may not be eK{uir.ed 
with lefs duties or impofirions than ti;e like 
goods (hall be burthened wuh when exported 
from Great Britain ; provided always, that 
linen and provilions may continue to be ex* 
ported from Ireland to any Briti(H colony^ 
plantatioo, ot fettlement. duty-free* 

Provided alfo, and be it further declared 
by the authority aforefaid. That it (hall be 
held and adjudged to be a fundamental and 
elTentiaJ condition of the prefeot fettlement, 
that no bounties (hould be payable in Ireland 
on the exportation of any article to any Bri- 
ti(h colonies or plantations in America, or in 
the Weft Indies, or to the Britilh (eitlemenrt 
on the coaft of Africa, or in the Eaft Indies, 
or on the exportation of any article imported 
from the Britilh colooies or plantations ia 
America, or in the Weft Indies, or from the 
Britilh fettlements on the coaft of Africa, or 
in the £aft Indies, or of any manufa^ure 
made of fuch anicle, unlefs in cafes where a 
fimilar bounty is payable in Great Brtiatit 
on exportation from thence, or where fuch 
bounty if merelv in the nature of a draw- 
back or compenUtion of or for duties paid, 
over and above any duties paid in Great 

And be it declared by the authority afiAr- 
faid. That it (hall be held and adjudged to 
be a fundamental and efl*ential condition of 
the prefent fettlement, that when any goods 
of the growth, produce, or manufafiuie, of 
Britilh Weft India illands, or any other of 
the Britilh colonies or plantations, (hall be 
(hipped from Ireland for Great Britain, they 
(hall be accompanied with fuch original cer- 
tificates of the revenue officers of the fail 
colonies, as (hall be required by law oa im- 
portation into Great Britain ; and that, wh f\ 
the whole quantity included in one certifi- 
cate Ihall not be ftiipped ac any one time, 


6 so Sill firopofijfir ngulaiing thi Iniirtcurfi with Irefnd^ 

the originul ceitificatc, properly indorfcd at 
to quamlryi ihall be Tent with the firft par* 
eel, and to identify the remainder» if (hipped 
within new ceni- 

6catei (hall be granted hy the proper oiliccrt 
of the pons in Iralknd, cxirafted from a 
rcgiflcr of original documents^ fpecifying 
the ^oantitiei before (hl)*pfd froin thenre, by 
what vcflels, and to what ports | be it there- 
fore ena^ed by the authority aforefaid. That 
when any thip or veflcl fhAll arrive from any 
port or place in IrcUnd, at any port \m thii 
ktngdonif laden with any goods the growth^ 
prodtfce, or maiuifaAure, ol the Britilb Weft 
India iilands, or any ocher of the Briti(h 
colonies or planfation^y na foch goods (ball 
Vc imported into this kingiraiy unlefs ac» 
companied wiih foch original certificates of 
the revenae otlicers in the faid eoIonies» as 
ihall be required by law on importation into 
Great Britain froir the faid colonies or plan- 
tations refpedivcly, under foch regulations, 
reftriAtoni, penaliies, and forfeitures, as the 
IHlc goods are fubjcft to on importation into 
Great Britain from the faid colonies and 
plantatiom rcfpe^ive^, or unlefs, when the 
whole qoancitr included in one certiBcate 
(Stall not be (nipped at any one time^ the 
original cerflficate, properly indorlcd as to 
^antity, (hall hare bcrn fent with the (irlt 
parcel, and the remainder (hall have been 
(hipped within and (hall be 

accompsViied with new oertiftcates, granted 
by the proper ofllicers of the ports iA Iieland, 
extraArd from a fegidtr of the original do- 
cuments, fpecifying the quantities befare 
(hipped from thence, by what veifel, and to 
what port. 

And be it declared, hy the authority afore- 
fiid, to be a fundamental and etfeotial ton- 
dition of the prcfent fettlement, That fo 
long as the commerce to the countries be- 
yond the Cape of Good Hope to the Streigl^s 
of Magellan (hall continue to be carried on 
by an exdufive Company having liberty to 
h'rtport into the port of Londun only, all 
(hips freighted by the faid Company, and 
which (hall have Cleared out from the port 
of London for any of the fa'd countries, (hall 
toe at liberty to touch at any o( the ports of 
Ireland, and to take on board iheie any 
goods which they might take on board in 
Great Britain, any Att or A^s to the con- 
trary notwithdandingi and that any goods 
of the growth, produce, of manufa^oie, of 
Ireland, exported by the Eaft India Company 
fo any of the faid countries beyond the C«pe 
of Good Hope, (hall be conHdered as )lriti(h 
goods wiihrn the meaning of «ny obligation 
which m<«y at any time exi(V upon the faid 
Company to fend out to thofe countries cer- 
tain qilantitics of the goods of the ^rowth| 
produce, or manofaAare of Grett Britain ; 
and that no (hips (kail he allowed to clear 
out from any port in Irelaud for any of the 
faid countries, except Cuch as Ihall be freighted 
.'by the (aid Companyy and (hall have £atled 

from the port of Loaion, a«4 €iccpt Ijnfr 
foreign (hips as night, by any law now or 
hereafter be in force» clear oot for fonagB 
fettlements fh the faid cooMrieay frooi OrMft 
Britain, which (hipa Ihfll be allowed M 
clear out from Ireland' \o the fame moaner at 
from Great Britain ; and that whrtsever the 
commerce to the laid countries (hall ceafo la 
be carried on by an exclafire Compaoy bar* 
iog libtrty to import into the port of Loadkm 
only, the growth, produce, or mamsfaftara 
of the laid countries beyond the Cape of' 
Good Hipe to the Straights of MagellaSy 
(hall be importable into Ireland from ibc 
Brittftk or foreign fettlements in the Kaft 
Indies, fobjeA to the fame duties and rtg»« 
lations as the like goods (hall from tiaae to 
time be fubje^l to on importatioo into Gcrac 
Britain, andy if prohibited to be imported into 
Great Britain, (hall in like manner >e pro* 
bibitcd from being imported into Ireland. 

And be it declared by the authority afore* 
flid, That it (ball be held and ad^dged to 
be a fundamental and eiTeotial conditios ol 
the prefent fettlement, that fo long as the 
commerce to the countries beyond the Cape 
<^ Good Hope to the Streighia of MageHaa 
(hall be carried on folely by an cxclafive 
Company having libeny to import intatbc 
port of London only, nogoodsof thegrowtby 
produce, or manofaAurc of the faid aooatrtet 
(hall be allowed to be imported into Iceland 
but through Great Britain, except dye ftvffs, 
drugs, cotton, or other wool, and fjsicertes, 
and fuch other articles at are or hereafter 
may be im pert able into Great Bntaln from 
foreign European countries; which aiticlet 
may be inoported into Ireland from foretgis 
European countries, fo long at the fome are 
importable from foreign Eocopean coontriet 
into Great Britain; and that it (haft be law« 
/d1 to export any goods of the growth, pro- 
duce, or manu figure, of any of the faid couno 
tries, from Great Britain to Ireland; and 
that (uch duties as mayliow by faw toe re- 
tained thereon on fuch eiportatioo (hall co»* 
tinue to be fo retained, but that an accounc 
(hall be kept thereof, and that the ameoot 
thereof (haJI be remitted, by the Receivir 
G^-neral of his Majcfty^t culloms in Great 
Britain, to the proper o'thcer of his Majriiy's 
revenue in Ireland, to be placed to the ac- 
count of his Majedj's reveooe there, fubjeA 
to the difpol'al of the Parliament of that 

And be it declared by the authority afof» 
faid. That it (hall be held and adjudged to 
he a fundamental and eflfentral condition of 
the prefent fettlement, That all goods and 
eommoditiet whatever, which fhtll hereafter 
be imported into this kingdom from Ireland, 
•r into Ireland from <Great Britain, ihould 
be put, by laws to be pafi*ed ia the Parha* 
mems of the two kingdiomi, onder the fame 
regulations, with refyeA to bondf, cocketsy 
and other indruments, to which the like 
goods are fubjedt in paftng frfoi one port of 


Bitt frifofidfit r^guLiting *be iniitfmfe tvtii Ittlxrti. 65 1 

Ait 4tiiif 4mb t» cMther : bt it thcrefare •f the prefent fetrlenentj chat the ilue col. 

«Ba|k(l by the a«th0ricy aforefaidy That all legion of the duties compofing the faid he- 

Mwdtf wliick' itfU be ihipped or por on reditary reveane iball be at all times eiTcc- 

•Mrd in any pon* creek» or member of 'any toally lecured j and |*roYMled thai before the 

fort, in this kinfdom, to be carried to any faid an AA or A€l% (hill 

Cn or place in the kingdom of Ireland, Iball have been f aCed in the Parliament of Ire- 
accompanied with the like fuficrance and land, for carrying intovlfitA, on the part of 
socket, and fabjeA to tfie'like bond and that kingdom* tne pref»nt feitlement, aai 
llcoirityy at are reqcfircd by any law in Great all matters, proviiions, and regulations, herein 
Britain for the like goods pafling from one declared to be fuodameiScal and efleiKial con* 
port in Great Britain toaootber; and that no ditions thereof j and protided alfo, that be- 
^oods brought from any port or place in the fore the faid an aA IhaU 
kingdom of Ireland fball be permitted to be have been pafled in the Parliament of Great 
imfOTted into aov port, creek^ or member of Britain, declaring fuck A&. ot Adkt of the 
Any potty in this kingdom wiihont a fuf- Parliament of Ireland to contain fatisfaAory 
ferance and cocket Agned by the proper provifiuns for carrying into ciM the pffcfenc 
ojflScrr or oficers of the rerenue in Ireland, fcttlemcnt. 

aorihail be landed in this kingdom nntil the And be it aKb declared, That the conti« 

fofferaoce and cocket ihall have been pro- nuance of the prefent fettlemeot, and the 

dttood to the proper olficer of the coAoms daration of this AA, and of every thing 

kcfe, and a foffcrance gf-anting for landing herein contained, (hall depend on the doe ob» 

the fame, under the like rcftriAioos, reguU' fcnrance, ic the kingdom of Ireland, of the 

tionty pcoajties, and lorfettnres, to which fevcral matters herein declared to be fonda- 

fnoods carried from one port of Great Britain mental and eflfentiai conditions of the fa^d 

to another are liable. fectlement, acco-.diog to the true intentf 

AAd be it declared by the authority alore- meaning, and fpirit thereof, 
faid, That it (ball be held and adjudged to be Provided neverthelefs, That all the fai4 

a fundamental and e(rcntial condition of the fundamental and cflential conditions tfiall^ 

f rcfcoc fettlement, that the inhabitants of in all times, be held and deemed to be, aud 

kotk kingdoms Aiall have an equal right to to have been, duly obferved in the kingdom 

carry 00 l(heries on every part of the coafls of Ireland, unlefs it (hall have been exprefsly 

mi the Briti(h dominions: be it therefore declared, by an A^ of the Parliament of this the authority aforefaid, That the kingdom, that the fame have not been dnlj 

fubje^s of his Majetiy rcliding in Ireland obferred. 
4)411 have equal pn^i leges and advantages ' 

with bis Majffty's lubieAs reading in Great Ma. Uaa ah, 

Uritaiii, in tilhing^on the coafls of Great TTAVIKG obferred in many of our pub* 

Britain, and the terriiorirt belonging thereto. fj[ lie papers, the great fcarcity «f Hay 

And be it declarrd by the autnority afore- in (Tveral parts of this kingdom (particolariy 
/aid. That it (hall be held and adjudged to in Worcefterlhirr) as well as in France, I 
bf a fundamental and e(iential condition of lincerely wilb the Farmers, Graaiers, and 
the jkrefent fettlement, that the importation othen (as well in this kingdom as in France)^ 
of aniclesfrom foreign'^oun tries (ball be re- who have cattle and horiia, were thoroughly 
gulated ffom time to time, in each kingdom, acquainted with the following Receipt— I 
jon fuch terms as may cfiVdually favour the have tried this receipt myfelf in a fmall de- 
Importation of (imilarartucles of the growth, gree, and found itanfwer— -I moft confefii 
fMroduce, or manofaAure of the other, except that my wi(h, that the French might be'ac- 
in the cafe of maicrtal& of manufaAure which quaioted with this receipt, may appear fome- 
•re, or hereafter may be, allowed to be im- what extraordinary ; but humanity^ and a 
potted from foreign countries duty-free. partiality for my country, incUnes me to thia 

And he it declared and et>ȣ)ed by the wiih \ for, if the French Ihould hereafter be 
aatbority aforefaid. That this Act, and every di(Vreired for provisions (wAich lUp ctrt^n^^ 
part thereof, (hall commence and be in force to/// hcjf they muft and will procure them 
on the provided that he- from th.s kingdom, which will of coiKfe in- 
fore the faid an A^ hance the price of provi(ions here con(ider- 
§uAi have been paflTed in the Parliament of ably^. — If you think proper to infert this and 
lieland, which Aiall appropriate whatever the receipt in yocur magazine, you have my 
fun the groff produce of the hereditary re- confent fo to do» as 1 think it mray be of great 
venoe (hall amount to, after deduAing^ all fervice at this and all other times of fcarcity 
drawbacks) r&>payments, and b<^n<i<^ i" <be of hay and fodder ^ and am, Yours, Ire. 
nature wf drawbacks, over and above the fum Augult 5, 178 q. GEORGE BOX. 
of fix hundred and Ht'ty-fix thoufaod pounda . The RECEIPT. 
,ifi eacb.year, towards the fgpport of the na- BOIL about a handM of hay in three 
wal force of the empire, to be applied in fuch gallons of water (and fo in proportion for a 

eaaoner as the Parliament of that kingdom — ■ ■ 

IhalldirrA in the faid AA, and which Ihall * This is now prevented by Mr; Pitt's 

•Kb provide ihat ii (ball be held and adjudged feafooabie pi obibitory t£L Edit. 

to be t fundamcaial and alTential cou4i(i9a V^^^*^ 

^j4 Interifiing huHtgeiiei fr^n vari9tts PwrU €f Af CfKAsni. 

I'l^e Acadeny of Berlin has prapofed^ for 
iLe year 17SS <^ toUowing quellion s 
•* Wbar, ia a ftaie of oaiure, a^e the 
grounds and limics of \ixt (lOwcr of parenta 
over their children } It tbci-e a ditfcreoce 
he^vet■n the rights of the father aad ihofe of 
the mother* and ia what does that diffLrence 

coofift t how iar cm tht lawi cifnid m 
Unit that power f** 

The following it gireD for Mr ElWr*t 
anaaal priie, ** To dcter«iae the advant»gfe' 
or prcjndice refulcitig from the caftom o^ 
hoofing cattlei rather thaafoflcriaf ihCM It 
feed in the open fields." 


TH E Sublime 9ort (fee p. 5^>i>) conti- 
nues to (ignalire the rrott general and 
mcift complete n-rolution that ever took |)l«ce 
f« the OtToroao Emptrt*, by blondy txecutions, 
l»anifhmen(.% and exiles There fcarccly re- 
inaios one j^erfoo in ohice in any part of the 
Tarkifh dominions, who waft patronized by 
the laie Prime MiniDer, now much regretted. 
■—It does not, huwever, appear, that any 
change has been made in the political fyftem} 
00 Aeps ha^e yet bern taken to fettle the 
K»Bndarlet of the two Eriipirif, though it is 
known that the Imperial Miniller 4t Coh- 
Itaniiaople has received orders to rencM his 
applicatinns, and to demand a categor>cal 
^ifwer on that fubje^. The Turkith |rD« 
winces appear every vhrre involved in truu- 
1^) in fome, ihole whom the fword fparcs 
the plague carries otf. At Cairo, the plague, 
wUcf> I he letters fiom ihc't>ce were %vrit(eh, 
ragrd beyond all f<!krmtr example. Three 
f houfand perfons a day u\\ facrifices to iti 
Mi«»lencc. — The igih of April was rcmaika- 
hie for the nomber of viAtms ; three thuu- 
fA'.>6 fix hondred Mahometans brcaihtd iheir 
}Aik on tiiat fatal d^y, belides Copts, Greeks, 
C'hrithans, and JtH». Thje Jews, who were 
leitled at Cairo, are altiiulr cicindl. The 
aiufraliiy was never known fo general. 

From the Turkilh if we turn our eyes to 
the Ruilian Empire, no contrail was ever 
r«rvre Unking. Hr/ IfTperiaJ Majefty of 
RoAa is daily adding i^her dominiuo}, and 
<i»t)y fx'ending the btefiings of ftcace to a 
"Bcttfift.inp people. Her late journey to 
Vifkhnei Volntchok (fee p. 562}, was with 
a viL-w t6 ofeu new channels of tiadc to a 
country wImiIl name in the tomiitcrctal 
woilu was karcely ever hcatd of before. In 
her progfefs (fe vifred Motcow her capital 
IKity, % here Cie Aayt d lour d«ys ; from thence 
proceeding to Buruvtitz, Ihe rmbarkid on the 
Mlt», anJ afirr a navi^aiion of rijht days 
on that river, Lakcl'.man. the Voikuw, the 
I.adoJa Canal, and tfie Neva, arnvtd at 
I*eierft)Ctgh oiS ibe jift of July, "in perfeft 
)ieahh, to \he uuf'i eakabhr |(>y of her pe* pie. 

To the voyage lor diKuvcry by fea, of 
which we gave lume account in uur laH, her 
Imperial Majifly haf a'-i'ci a Juvrkbv by 
4autf, wtiich has tor iis objrfl ite gvo^^raphy 
of the vuraplorid pftrts of her Emp're, as 
far as it eatmd^ to ihe North and Weft, and 
taworos the E^flern iitfe of the American 
cnntment. 1 he d.fficulMcs and dangers that 
mutt neceiTarily attead the traverfuig a 
ddtflatc cauAtryi more than 40C0 miles la 


extent, has been no bar to the enterprifing 
fpirit of this illuftriooa fovereiga : the corps^ 
appointed for the expedition, are already fee 
out, and confift of Soo men, at, the head of 
whom are 107 officers of different racks* 
with gentlemen well ikilled m the ofcful 
arts ^ and miffionaries, to endeavour to carry 
the precepts of Chrillianity to the renioteft 
regions of the earth. This expedition, if it 
fucceedf, will immortalize the name of Ca- 
therine, and tranfmit her memory to lateft 
pofierity, as the nohleft benefaAreft to maa* 
kind the world ever faw. 

Prince Peier of Hofiein Gottorp, now B^ 
of X^ubeck, has been declared reigning Ad* 
minittrator of the Dutchy of Oldenburg. 

About the time tbat Ker CiariAi Majcfly 
arrived at Pcterfrurgh from her journey to 
Vifchnei Voloichok, the Emperor of Ger« 
many arrived from Italy at Vienna, where ho 
found, befides a multitude of important dif« 
patches, the deputies of the States General 
waiting his return. It ii not eafy to pene- 
trate ttkc motive of his journey, when atfatfi 
of the utmoft confet^oence to the peace oC 
l^urope fcemcd to rei|uire his prefenca at hit 
capital city. It was not, however, till^he 
24th of Jul}', that he gave audience to tnc 
Count de Waffenaer and Baron Van Leydeoy 
the Dutch Peputiea, who, being then ia* 
trodoced to an audience, aflorcd his M«jcfiyi 
in a formal fpeech, « That their H. M. M« 
never had the lead intention either to injura 
his Imperial M»jefly or to infult the Im* 
perial 4>g) as, during the whole train of 
circumflancrs, which have occurred| thesf 
fi. M. M. have made it a rule fo to regulate 
their conduct «s unquelliunably to (hcW 
their regaid and rcfpe^ to hit Imperial 
M.';j>:ily, sb far as was confirteot with their 
own indeprndi-ncc, their honour, and UBv 
doubted rii^hti; That their U. M. M. 
liiiccreiy withcj to fee that cordial amityg 
vhrch had uti fortunately beep iuterropted^ 
a^ain renewed ; and that they may ba 
ena&led lu treat the fubje^s of his Imperial 
Majelly en the faiT)r footing with the fulH 
jccts of the Republic," Lc. 

To this fvbm flive fpeech the Emperor naada 
a furnial reply; viz. " Itik highlv pleating to 
me, gentlemen, that their H. M. M. have, by 
your depuiarion. complied with what | 
dcfired, as foiiu thing that might precede ai| 

'* I ihall order my ambafiador,at Paris, tar 

^efumcthe negociations, under the mediation 

of ibc King ot Fraace^ ui| brother { and I 

I 4# 

AiMca fr§m the 

t Sffoht but a rpccdy eonclafion will 
1 the unhappy occorencet. which woold 
e iaftUihle coofcqacocc of • farther 

the- 2Mh of Majy a Trraty of Coq« 
tioo (ice p. 562), wat fif nedl at Drcf- 
betwten the Kioft of PrnitU anil 
Dt the EleAon of Hanover, S«iony, 
revet; the Margraaft'of Anfpach» and 
Hike of DeoxpoDts; the purport of 

isy to prefcnre the indivilibility of the 
e. France and Holland were invited 

ai guaranteen.— This treaty is faid to 
bafteo^ the Emperor's retnro from 

xher treaty, which was at little ei- 
as the above, vis. On the 5th of 
a French vcHel carried the Count 
:ly to Algiers, charged with full 
from the Court of Spain to conclude 
c between his Catholic Majcfty and 
>y of that Re;rency ; which, after the 
'ormaliciesi was Hgned on the follow- 
miliating terms on the part of Spain, 
The King to pny a million of prices 
ilf 25 pieces of bra(s cannon, 25 of 
^ mortars, 4000 bombs, to,oq^ balls, 
[uintals of gun po«der, 5003 quiotals 
llets, 500 quintals of cordage, 15 
og rope, 30 cables, 100 malts, 500 
;ooo oak-planks, 400 pieces of (ail- 
bc6des prefents to thcDty and his 
;rs. The city of Oran is to remain 
re. The Algerines, elated with their 
f feem determined to preferve no 
with the Chriftian powen. The 
ant, Oriflame, and Fantaiqur, French. 
I hatte lately been caprured by ihem ; 
eir corfairs have already vioUted the 
ora fofpenfion of hoftijities with Spain ; 
rrcn faid, that at Mogadorr, Tetnan. 
ber ports belonging to the Emperor of 
CO, fhey are preparing a Urge naval 
foppofed to be deftined to join the 
Dct sgainft the Spaniard?, with whom 
iperor has refufed to renew the truce, 
mean time, the Spaniards are bufy in 
nCing their navy, and have fourteen 
rd Ihipwrights at work in repairing 
bips, an4 6ni(hing thofc upon the 

rpoct hat lately been circuKited, that 
ildiers of the garrifon have been bribed 
' up the magazines of Gibraltar, and 
lighted match was difcovered joft in 
prevent the explofion. 
ike repon has been fpread, that in- 
•irs have been employed to blow «p 
psine at the gate of Scliddatn in 
d. The nagiftrates have oflfered a re- 
»f a hundred docatoons for difcovery 

cceunt, much more likely to be tme, 
tn received from Aia la-Chapelle, of 
traey to carry off the papers of Duke 
f Bmnfwick. What gives ibme colour 
I report, the Imperial poft'sfihc 
btiflMd ihf following notice t 

tbi Mtdittrtnnczut fSc, i^j 

" An event, very intereAingro the molk 
refpeAable perfoas here, has occafioned^a 
report to be fpread, that fafpeAed Icttew ars 
opened at the Imperial poft-oAce. N* 
letters may hp opened but by a fopcrW order | 
and no foch order hat either hc«n given ar 
applied for."— Thus the affertton is (alfe; of 
which the Imperial poft- office has thought is 
abfolutely neceflfary to. give notice to the 

By a letrer from Venice, a very «rtra* 
ordinary piece of news hat been received : 
That the Doge of that Repohlick haa 
hern put under arreft, by order of the ftart 

n\i Swediftk Majefty arrived at Stockhala 
on the 17th of June from Finland. 

East India iMTEL^tocvca* 
The Portugucre,at war with the narive^' m 
their feitlements at Goa, in the Eaft Indiet, 
have gained a fignal viAory ; at have like* 
wife the Dutch over a Malacca Prince, wbook. 
they drove from his feat at Salangoor, af»4 
placed Raja iMahomrt in his room. CThiSv 
they acknowledge, wat dearly pnrcha(ed br 
the death of i8i feamen, who died of acoiv* 
tagions diforder that broke out among th* 
Ibippiogr brftdes 359 fick, when the dif- 
patchet were written. 

An unfortunate adfair, which occafiooed 
much aniieiy tjo the £aft India Company a 
Supercargoes at Canton, took its rife Crosa a 
chop-boat (a country vcflel) lying alonglidfi 
the l«ady Hughe«, in the way of oa« of 
her guns while fainting ; in coKiVquence of 
which, three Chineie onboard were much 
hurt, and one of tbem died the neat day. 
The Gunner of the Lady Hughet, though 
prrfe^iy ini>ocent as to any criminal in* 
cention, abiconded. The Weyyenn, and the 
Hoppn's principal Secretary, waited apon the 
India Company's Supercargoes, andrKqueftcd 
thry would get the Gunner delivered up^ 
dating that though tbty confidered the mati<ar 
P% an unfortunate accident, yet it w«a 
necclTary he (hoold be lent to Canton to un- 
dergo a /orflM/eaomiaation merely to fatitfj 
t,he )«<«s of th« country. To thit mfp€tfat 
reafonable reqoeli the Supercargoes oid noc 
o(\je^« prixvided the man was examined lo oi:« 
of thefa^ories; and this was particularly io- 
iifted on, as formerly B Frenchman had hefo 
convryed out of tha faAory under a fi*nilar 
pretence, and executed the nest morning with- 
out even the torm of a trial* Finding iheir 
demand was not acceded to^ ihey found meant 
to decoy Mr. Gto. Smith, Supercargo of the 
Lady Hughes, by a pretended meflage 1 audi 
he was conveyed into the city under a %y^T^ 
of foldiers with drawn fwords. The cirium- 
Aancea that enfoed Jed the Soperc^rfoes \p 
foipc^t their own perfons were imr aatUf If 
free fiwm danger f for tha avenues leading-' a 
the quay were barricadedf and filled wuhiolr 
diers ; the linguifls and marahams fle4| |ht 
Hongt totally difapg^ared i tad the qpiaiau* 

^jft Aivun from thi Eaft and VJA Indies, Ireland, and Scotland. 

«icAtton between Ctntoty and WhampoSi wat 
Isfpeadeil by the order of the Uoppo ; they 
iberefore ordered up the boats of the fcvcral 
Ihipsy manned and armed by way of guard, 
and two Englith boats were dil'patched to 
Whampoa, viih orders for the Company's 
fliips, as well as the French) Dutch, Danes, 
and Americans, to fend up immediately to 
Canton tbeir pinnaces armed and manntd. 
Tbefe orders were happily executed with fucb 
fteadineis at to refledt great hotiour on thofe 
employed, efpeciaily as the oppoHiivn they 
net- with was totally unexpeAed. The tide 
Wing unfavourabki it was dark before they 
approached the city, and on coming to the 
irA boppo-houfe, the headmoft boats were 
kallcd by an armed veiTel, and ordrrrd to re- 
turn to Whampoa, which was tucLet(J''d by 
scpratcd voUtcs of mufquetr}* from the fort 
«nd veflcls, and continued from eight till 
^ft eleteii ; the boats, however, pslicd on 
to t))e faAury without retoroing a finpje ffaor, 
or receiving any other injury than a quarter* 
Dfittter of ihc bullivao, and a man in the 
Calcu;ta*s boar being llightly wounded : this 
lart boat was fuiroond^d by Chincfe vcdels 
and boaidcd; but after a Ihort feu tile they 
£ttircd. The Chincfe afterwards pleaded as 
an excuTe for ikiS hoftiliiy the boats coming 
lip at an improper hour. The Fouvyen 
after this h<d a confrrence with one of the 
Supercargoes of every nation ; on their ex- 
pretfiog great furpri/.c at their having taken 
fo a^ivc a part with the Engliili, rUry told 
him it was coniidrred as a O'fnm'jn caufc. He 
obferved, it was w^ll for the Eoglith they 
had fucb good friends, and concluded with 
perfuading thorn to prevail on the Supercar* 
^oes to dcli%'er up the Gunner, and then all 
would be well. About ten that night a 
Linguilt caoie .to the f;iAory with a fmall 
flag and arrow from the Fouyytn as a pals- 
fort for an Engliih boat to be lent with a 
letter from Mr. Smith to the Captain of ihe 
l.ady Hughes, the purport of which was, 
that the Gunner, or fomc one xoptrjwau^ 
xnuil: be fent, and that he muft not on a«y 
account leave the port till thie unhappy 
affair was fettled. The Lady Hughes's boat 
was ordered on this bufinefs ; but thcLinguill, 
afraid to venture fingly, returned to Canton 
•without executing his commiflion. Fearful 
of the confcqueiues of this ncglrfl, the Su- 
percargoes accepted the oiler of Capt. 
M*Intofb of the ContraAor, who fct otl' for 
Whampoa, in ordpr to execute the com- 
fniHion the Linguill had failed in. On the 
30tb of Nov. he returned with the unfonu- 
t>ate Gunner, who was coodoAed by the 
Supercargoes to the Pagoda^ where the 
^Mandarines ufually afi*efflblr on European 
, ^uGnefs. Tbey were received by ihe Man- 
darines of ftrpcrior rank, who, taking cbaf|»e 
of tht poor man, a6rured the geotlemcD bis 
cafe (houtd be xcprefcnted in the mot^ 
-favoarable point of view, and that they had 
Ifttle doQbt of his being difc barged in ab«a 

fixty days. An hour afrer tbit loterviewk 
Mr. Smitb was fac at liberty, apd givaa 
fatisfa^ory account 6f the goad Ucatmcot h» 
had received whilft in conftnenMBL Tboft 
by the prudert roanageaicot qf- cbe lodia 
Company's Supricargoea, and th« Tety 
fi>iri(cd atnAance of their own, and ^ 
Icveral foreign ihips, this unhappy afiair was 
concluded} but the inaocant caufe uf it was 
flranglfdt by order of the Emperor, on the Stk 
of January. 

Wk^t India Apvictft. 
The JamaiCA Royal Gaaetta affam the 
public, on undoubted autbority,thar an agrees 
ment has takcii place between the Englifb and 
Spanifhcommat»d:ng officers on the Mofqoito 
flmre : \n which it is fiipalated, that tht Eng- 
lifli leitlers Ihall remain in quiet and peace* 
able poD'eliion of the country for two years 
to come,' and that in the mean time proper 
mealures ihall be ufed by both panics to ac- 
celerate the cooclufion of a fpecial treaty be<^ 
tweeo the courts of London and Madrid, for 
the final adjuftment of every diderence re* 
fpe^ing the claims of either power to the 
tcrritou in that quarter of the world* 

American Niws. 

An authentic account h«s been received,tbst 
the Counties of Wafh;ngton, Sullivan, and 
Green, have declared themfelves indepeodetic 
a governor and other oincers under the autha* 
rity of the new goveinmrnt. Their reafon 
is, the pco]>le of the Wcl^trn counties found 
therofizlves grievonAy taxed for th<> fupportof 
government, without enjiying ttic blciuugs 
of ir. 

The Congref> have lately puMiibed an ad- 
veriirtmei for tht falc of the Wellern terri* 
tury on the Ohio. The l«nd is to be la'd 
out in Townlhips of fix miles fquace{ to be 
fold by public vendure, at nor let's than ona 
dollar per acre. The puicbafer to be at all 


Briif Mccovnt oftbt/MU 0/ tbt Irifh Cmmercisl 

Hill in /^ Irilh ILyJe 9fC9mmwu 

On iheiith of the prrfcnt month, tbc 

moment Mr. Orde entered the HouCIei and 

before he was well feated, 

Mr. Flozd rofe, and alter remarking tbaty 

in the Hill lately brough; into the H. of C. 

in Great Britain, it wasflated, as a funda- 

.nfental principle, that Ireland (hould relin* 

quiili ber newly-acquired right of legiflattng 

.for herielf, and Ibculd bind herfclF to ena^ 

fuch laws as Great Britain Ihould think proper 

to pafs teCpe^ing Navigation and Commerce t 

previous therefore to the proceeding ona 

.iicp farther in that buHnefs ia that Houfe^ 

he would beg leave to move the following 

Ilcf^lutioQs: <* Tbtt this H.wiU rctaLa the 

fice and full cxercife, at all tianei.and upon 

.j|U.Q«cailons« 9i her nndoubud tight io le-- 

. .. ■ ^ ftiflajte 

Afefioratlt Dihafi in tbt Irifh Ihufi $f Cofhni^nt. ^7 ' 

tvi XttUtd^ conoMreiiUj aiti ft« 
UnialJy, at well as iuterailiy. 

Mr. Ordk obferrctf chat a fimirar refolotioQ 
ii#d bectk already propofcd, aad the Huufc 
had agreed to adjourn the confideration 
of it nil aficr he had been enabled to (lace 
t9 them what he lisd to propofe further on 
C^c fobjca; the fame indulgence he fiilt 
had to crave for ope day Iongir» as fomr im- 
foroaation had but juft reached him, of which 
he had not yet been able to make himlelf 
mafter, the packet from Holy-hrad having 
htti ji>ft' arrived.— This re^eA, though 
Tiolentty o^ted» was at laft agreed to, 
^^A the Uoufe» upon motion, adjourned* 

On the t lib Mr. Orde opened the long 
cxpcA^ bvfinefs, by rrmiuding the H. of 
their unanimous addrefb lalt fciEons tor a 
fiaai and permanent fyllcm and adjailment 
•r comiBerce with Gicat Britain upon a , 
looting tf moival beneBr. Such a fyften, ht 
iaidy he had oot^ to oftVr, which he hoped 
the UoAfe voutd w^igh with candour, and 
accept with unanimity. He was fufpeded, 
he faidy of making, in what he was about to 
•flbr, an indireA attack upon the tonflitutioh 
of Ireland. He called God to wiincrs, he 
had no foch intent. In the only claufe of ' 
the hill, he meant with leave, to lay before 
them, that could be fuppofed to have re* 
fcrence to the conftitution of Ireland, the 
oondition was reciprocal; the fame laW that 
was to re^latethe ^hole Commrrcial Syflcm 
of the Sifter :King«toms, was to ha»c the ' 
fanftion of the Lrgiilaiures of both King- 
doms! and, to remove all ground of jealoufy 
•o cither fide, he meant to introduce a ' 
c|A«fe^ to' make thi renewal of thai funda- 
SKMal iaw aanaali which, though it w'al ' 
lOKoded to ftaod fiaed for ever, might yet 
hediilblvcd at the end of any one year. He 
ir«c«edci^ 4o eaplain every cladfe in' the 
Ml in the laiAC opci^ manner, and concluded 

comedy, or puppet-ftow !-^he was inclined 
tothiohthe laiier.— In comes Irehndi «« This 
rU do, and it will be rcciprocaL" Then 
idBitt £«gUnd. «< Ko! you Ihan*t do that 
tryoa like) but you (hall do it under fuch 
and foah reftridtions !"— He would not now 
M that th^ thafier ineant to move l\is figures 
mvofrade* hccaofe he would not fpeak dif- 
felpcafully of that Hoiife, but he did be- 
ievc th*fe were .fignres, like thofe on 
^iict, savifibhr to be moTed, as the maiia- 
ter iheught bdit to foit his own porppft-.— -He 
was, h# laid, ferioofly agaiofl the Bill.— He 
did iw»t pfeteud to inow a great de»l ottrade j 
V« was of opinion^ that a lar^e trade, and a 
fmall cafittl, wai the ruin of many a fair 

^aler* / 

lir £A«. StnMAtH dKhTred agalnH th^ 

dritfciplc of the Bin. 

^AtiOtmittm, in a fpeech, that for logical 
ioMmg never had its e<mal in that Hoafcy' 

add that was not to he aflTeAed hy fair argu* 
mem, (hewed the imbecility with which Ire* 
land oiuft fdr ever meet England, in a treaty 
of Commerce. In the year 17S2, faid h^ 
yon were, by the virtue of the p.cople, de- 
clared independent. You had a right to trade* 
with every foseign ftaie ; but, bjr the prefent 
fyflcm, yuu are to reflrain your plantation 
trade; you are to reflrain your foreign trade i 
you are called upon 10 barter your free Coii- 
ftitntion for a reflriiled commerce; you arc' 
to feftrain your trade to the Eaft; yon arc 
not to pafs the Cape of 'Good Hope; you arCi 
to rellrain your trade tothcWeftj you are 
to give a preference to the British iffandsy 
where you pnrchafe deari and you are not to 
trade with other idands, where you might 
purchafe cheaper, and where you might cfta- 
blifh a market in every one of th^tnfor your ' 
o^n manufaAures; and foi'r this yon are to' 
barter your Confticotion ;— barter the rights 
of the people — deftroy your free^oth as • 
nation — and deftroy what God and Nature 
gave it ! Can you do this! — If 3^00 do, yoa, 
will exhibit a phxyiomenon to the world; 
you will exhibit at one time the glorious at^ 
chietements of your connitutioA by thei * 
greatelt magnanimity and virtue; and in' 
three years afterwards the relinqulAiment of 
your liberty. For what f for a licence; to 
fell your ov/n manufa^ures', where your grea^ ' 
rival gives you leave f ik conclufion, he 
called upon the I^oufe, he called upon the 
Treafury Bench; What, right have yoo to' 
furrender the free* trade } for what you are 
doing now is not a fetttement, but a doing 
away of alCl fettTemen^. Let me icll yout 
again, you are but delegated truftees,' and 
you have not the power. You dare mt fur* 
render the cooftitution 6f the nation ; and * 
ihofnld you now admit and pafs thi> bill, the * 
conftitution of tfelaj)d,' not fubjeft like man * 
to cafual monality, (ball, ere one year pafl«s« 
raife again its honoured head, and flourilh its ' 
native fplendor. — The Honfe caught the ' 
flame of Patriot ifm. Ai>d the debates ram 
fo high, that Mr. Ordct to pacify them, rofe, 
and in the name of MiAifters, pledged him- 
felf that Government never wobld,- neither 
in the prefent feflion, nor is any future 
period, agitate the bill, or prefent it again 
to the Houfe, Mnlefi it was ea/IeJJtr hy tbt ' 
Parliament and pfple b/ IRELAIID. 

On the flight of toe 16th inft^nt, illu- 
ihinations were gfinera] throughout the City 
6f Dublin ; and bon- fires Blazed in every ' 
flreet,.in triumph of fhe fuppofed viAory ' 
gained by the Patriots in the H. oifC. ovef ' 
the friends of (Government,* by defeating the 
fiill broiight in by Mr. Orde, founded on the 
at> Propjofitions, a^ patfled by tlire Pafliameii/ ' 
of Great Britain. 

In th« morning of the fame day, a duei. 
was fo,ught between the Attorney ^'cnetal 
of Ireland and Mr. Carran. The caufe of 
their quarrel originjtrd in the Houfe. t.w:V 
fixed a brace of f\.H;^ ^v^vtiu^t ^^«G^^ siV^ik 


659^ Nevfi fr9m fcotliind, Mi vanom P^rtt ff «!# dmi^ 

i^t'iT feconds mterpoied, and tbej ptittd very 
gfod friends. 

■ The queftion of literary prqpertyyrerpediQK 
re- printing ptrt of Pr« Scuari^i llifturin ia 
ibc EocycUpoedrja Britar.ntct (fee p. 565), 
came *g*in before the Court of ScfCon, bf 
ireclaiming petition ; and, after hearing 
caunfcl, ihejr ^ordfliips delivered iheir 
Opinions at length; anil, by a confidcrable 
majority^ were plcafed to adhere to their 
former intcrlocuiioo 5 which fi^ftUy de- 
termines the caufe In favour of their 
perfuers* It was the cpinipn of one of the 
judges, thit this was no infringement on 
liiicriry ^lopejty. Of another, that as 
there was no intention to hart the fale, thrre 
cpold be 00 injury done to the author, by 
tsking large extracts of his work. Som» 

Bc««oat of thM trtgieal tAitg "VaClQK ' 

At. Letcefter afiietf wbl MJ6Aon- ifti 
brooght ag«i*ft • tttrgymaa, to rec«vrr^ 
penalty or tol. • moiich lor » noa-i«6iMii9» 
of ro nvDoths. TbedefeQ4lam*t-«Mafd^ 
deavoored to arail his clieoc of i|hici|| libt 
it being proved, that be ofllctafled^ at aaothtf 
church during the time, that plaa vaa alciw 
ruled ; and the daoiagts being laid for IOd]« 
the counfel offered 50L by waj of cAmm^ 
n^if*, wbicb was accepted. 

On Fridiy, the 5th intant, in a thaadeib 
ftprm, the 1 gbiaing f«ll on the ftcepit of the 
church of Shcti-fbcad, m Leiccfterftirci and 
ihattercd the clock to pieces. 

Or. the nth in((ant, a moft ▼iofratftom 
of tbundrr, lightning, aecompanted with « 
deluge of rain, did cbnfidarablc 4a«iaga ti 
Albrighion aud its nrigbboorhood. A bail 

others argued for the defenders^ that if of fire (et the out- buildings at Cbapcl-lioa(o 

extracts were permitted to Re^it^ws, Maga- 
zines, Annual Reg' fters. «cc. why (loi to a 
I>i«aioniiyof Arts I To this it was anfwcred, 
t'hat the quell ian concerning I^eviews was 
not before the court : ih^ir Lordihips were 
to judge from the cafe before them. Others,- 
that every part of ap auiboi*s wcrk was pro- 
tected by the ftatu^fj an inftance was fup- 
pofed in Dr, Henry's H:ftory of England, 
which, being divided into fevcn.diftinCl pan<, 
each part might be reprinted by ilfclf; and 

inf^antly in dames, aud the bani% ftible% 
&c. were foon reduced to a(het. Anpt her bolt 
of fire fell near the R<< Mr. Benfirld'Si bof 
did no damage. Mr. f 01, iMxg to BSr* 
Figor, who was on the road on kl—fisbxt 
during the fiorm, foand bimfelf and ht| 
horfe in a ^^Id clofe by the road,- when the 
fiorm abat.d, H.thout kiiOiving how hecatoc 

On the morning of the 30th of JyW, the 
rowo of F^Imoorb was drepiy aflr^co cy the 

i^one primed one part, and anclber another fuildtn death o^ Stephen Bell, £fq -mayor, of 

part, in this way, an author might be cpm- 

fioiclv 6 tipped of hi& work. 

fxtrn^ tfa Ittterfrom Dever, Julf 26. 
« Afew days fim^ the Walp kli in with 

t I^renth lugger oflf Pungencls, the Captain 
of which rehifed io pay the ufual c mpli 
ments to the Britilh Bag; on which Capr. 
Hills fcAt hi» Lieutenant on board, to know 
tKo re^fon o&his refufal: thejFrrnch Captiin 
fa.ii, he had particular orders from ^he Court 
of f rancei not to do il in future^ and tha-, in 
ca(e it' was 'infixed on, he mult defend him* 
ic!f, 4nd immediaitlT cleared for a£l'on. 
Capt. Hilts did npt think proper to rlik an 
cngags^mcnt, buf Tent his Lieutenant to Lon- 
don wit^ \.\\c above relation, to know how 
he (hould a£t in future. 

■ *Aboiit the latter end of la ft month, a poor 
w<'>m«n of Mcar's Alhby, \\\ Noithsmpton- 
ihire, being fuf;tc£tc^ or witchcraft, «olunra- 
fiiy offered herfeU to trial. The ^-ulgar no- 
tion is, that a witch, if thrown, into the wa- 
ter, VirJll/tw/w J but this poor woman, being 
thrown into a pond, funk inftanily, and was 
wfth difficulty favcd. On which the cry was, 
^7 v/itcb ! If a rv'tcb ! and the woman met, 
%fth pity t^Not to, with a poor oJd,maa and 
^oman at Tt'vig^ fome years ai;o. ^ The wo- 
man, by the brutal ty of the multitude, pe* 
rilhed, and one C'o/jf was hanged for the mur* 
de'r. The old man recovered, (See a pa^teuUr 

that coii)or>it>on» and agent of |hc pirooeti^ 
efl m. ted at jcool. a- year. He \^ fcft a 
large family, much rcfpeM and maUi la* 
sncn^eda * 

On tb*- 8th of the prefetot oMnthi Sarak 
Carlton and txer maiil Marj IkadlrW mti^ 
cqmm r»(i to Yarmouth goal, da the oat|i of 
Robert P'-ow, for having ftore than tw« 
years ago murdered an unknown fcatlcmaa^ 
by gttinf him poifon in hia «iiJUe4»wt»Cy of 
which ^e died m about twohaun* when ibew 
ftfipt him, and threw him ibto' the iato» 
water ciltein in the yard, an4 aAenrardk 
hired two foldiera to throw him into the 
riyer. By the defcription of the niiao aild hig 
propert>, there*i mpre meant than OKets tha 
fight. He who could io minutely reeolfeft 
particulars, did not receive hit lAtelUgei^e tg 

On the 30th of July, Cler^pe, Carty, and 
Peane, found guilty, at Bury aiE|e* (fe« 
p. 564), of Ihoo^ing at and robbing Tbo^' 
H»rJh, were excepted at Ruihaere gallows, 
near Ipfwich. On the baiters* ^emg par 
about their necks, they joined hkad^tbtft 
faid the Lord'a Prayer; and joft tt |bey 
were going to be launched into ctcrBity» 
they wiihed they might never go to Heanm 
if they took any inoney frotii Mar(|i» . ' 

The iniolt offered to the Wafp hai'Snce oc* . 
cafioAed lonie commotion. Aogtift i^ the' 





M|tf^-74 «»i, and tb« Ardent of 64, left 
Ptfrtfmeoch' liartMur, and proceeded to Spit* 
fcti^ They were fooii followed by the 
gl^f^ai of.^o^ .Xrta«iph ^ Goliah 74, 
j^Stmifkttb 74t OaofM 74, Heftor 74, and ^ 
j^efAw 74» -ibe eoa»aMad of which ha» wuhin *n hou; of e^^ch otoeri ibo' (hey did 

« * A^'^tf •• ^'ft* wv9a • * ^ 

logs. . Qoe of them if faid to hare been keeper 
of th^ recordt, ' 

Three (bipi| about the latter end of laA 
monihi arrived at TOrient from China* 
Wb^t is reonarkftble, tK^v all three arrived 

J^ca given. 40 Adast Mof^tAgoe. who hat 
iiow'a tormdaUe fi|o«dron: ready for fea 1 
mod by 1 Ha ^nr ' the -commtAoneri of 
ftc (evera) • dock-3rarda delivered to the 
admiraliy, . ^he ^rdmary^ qf our nary on 
IJk 31ft of iaft month ^mo^ated to 2^8 
Ihips of war Tiom 100 guns to ii. 

At CronQ«dtt a fleet of 'r| m$n of wtr, 
' fear frigatett two fireihipa, and two hofpital 
iaipt, Ttftnalle^ for fix months, bat lain 
jeaidy Ibc failing ever 6nce the lotb of July, 
Iqit th^r de|tination i$ npt- yet publipkly 
known. ' 

A fqoadron of French frigftfs, nnder the 
llomflMsd (^ a very young officef, wat 
a|bo« this time ftariooed m * the <)hopi 

not (ill in compiny. When |hey lefc 
China, they were fo foil laden» that they 
were obiigrd to put part of their cargoes oi^ 
board anothef flitp at the I(Tc of Franccy of 
which (hip no account h^d been heard wheO) 
this newa was fcnt off. They confirm thf 
f«Ce of the unfor^urito Englllh goaner» 
(fae^p. 6^5) : and add, that al) the Komiih 
miifionariet in t^l^ina hiyt heap appi^)teodc4 
and imprifonedf 

. in an hiflorical chronicle of temporary 
evfprsy reports, founded upon plaufibio 
grounds, will often alTiime tl^ femblage 06 
UMih« Of thlt l^ind the report, that i|ie £tn> 
per or has been poifoncd 4p }taly i« to b«. 
confiderd, thp oftenfib|e obje^ of hit Ma- 

•f the channel, from whom the Hebe, jcdyiS journey was k vifit to the K. aad (^||en.ray,. received a police mrflage c/NapJes| at a fndden indifpofit ion obliged 

pot to break bit line. The Commodore^s; Wai to leave Italy on the Eve of their 

^ofwe^ was, be had the King iiia mafter*a a^fflval.. He complained very moch of an 

j^fdetl ti| pi^rfoe Jiis.courfe, and he would apote pain in his flomach, and a violent 

9ot akcf it fojr the line of any ICing in the diasrhma, which hat weakened him much, 

IforU* . hot. at the. time of writing this (Aug. &e), 

. The two French flnpc, Aftrolabe and advipes yrera refeived of his recovciy. 

la BoflUe, commiftoned lor difcrvery, Abput tbo time of the Emperor's ilay ia 

fook tbeir departure from^thf. road of Breft, luly^ her fortuguefe Maje0v, and all the 

cfk the zzA of Jnly. By them the fate 
of Omaip ; fo' inlere^ug to coriofity, may 
firobably be learnt. ' 

On th^ 24th of July, Pr. j^ranklin. em- 
barked at Havre, and on the fame day 
landed at Southamptooj from whence, after 
taking lomc refceihment, he embarked 
lor th« lile of Wight, where a vejffel lay 
tj^dy te convey htm to America. -It is 
lfid» his.prelience is there much wanted, to 
Ileal tkt di&ntioos, that oniyeifaliy prevail 
tkmgboBt. the! dif-united ftatet. The 
liagularity of his coorfe basy however, giveix 
Kiie to much fpeculation. 

Two companies of French Gens*de'arms, 
^^Idrted at Loncvtlle, in Lorraine, a 
law ifetks ago, out pf mere wantonoefs, as 
it fhoUdfeem, tooiL it into their heads 
ro force the guard after the tattoo had 
beat I but (bine of their ofiSper^ fortn- 
fiately comii^g up' at the in0ant, they 
lirtre about to carry their defign into ex- 
eicntion, pot a ftop to their frolick, and 
<ydfred them into, confinement. They 
IlKre fincc been tried by a pourt M^r- 
^j^ .it faid, .hM< been broke, 
son .tHe moft adive upon the ocoafion 
^llptjBOccd to imprifboment* fome tor ,a 
S$ptur or a longer time, aceordiog to their 
^i^otf9$ bti^ none have bacD pet to death, as 
bad been cape Aed* 

Tero Ttirkty speriboa of diftindion, with 
jWr^lfdjes^ lately arrived ^t Paris. It 
H Wif^ etttfthat .they hadiflcd fronv Con- 

Royal Family, arrived at l^ijbon ^om Villa 

Siciofa; i|9d on the 9th of Jupe, the day 
ter tlieir arrival, the pardinal F«triarcfa, 
with thp gre^teft folemnityi beffpwed the 
nuptial bcncdi^^n on the new«mariicdPrince 
and Princefs, {^£- • • O*'!!) tbe chapel of 
N. D. dc L'Aynidja^ The Ogten, oa that 
occasion, to increafe the public joy, ordered 
the prit'ooers to be fet at liberty, thofe only { 
excepted ifhofe crimes'ifrefe of an, atrocioua 

A fubfeguent a^ of h^r Miyefiy, for 
which no rcafon can be aijigned, has tbrowii 
the merchants of Lilbon into great per- 
p|exi|y ; ai)d )hat was, (one difpatches Tent 
oft' by a.light fr'gate, to flop if polHble, the 
failing. of the annpal fleer from the Brazils f 
laden with gold, filver, diamonds, valuable 
^gK*. ^^^ the' rtfheft merchandize the 
world produces, which ufually arrives about 
the beginning of QAober.«--Aii Europe will 
feel the effc^s of this difappoji^tment, if the 
frigate fucceedf . 

It has been obferyed that no atrocious 
cringe was. ever committed in one. country 
tl^at.^aa not followed by one e^pally cnnr- 
mtus iii another. The Valet Shaw who lait ly 
rob||M!d it^ hon'. £. F. Stanhope and fct firr to 
bis hoole (fee p. 5 19), has been lately copied, 
ofj raihpr out-done/ by the Valet paudron, 
at. Parts* on July 14, who hfoke' open his 
tfiaflers efcruiore, and ;ook from thence 
nioney and valuables to a coniiderablc amount, 
which he depodted in a lodging pruvidcd 

l^iiiiMflt Ml ABfount ef tht late hqhead?: (9(lhe*purp«ie^ and baviQf^^te^x^v^^^Xv.t^ 

<9d MrSTOKrCAt CHftOt^lCtiiit, 

^^•Mtil^of pii*p«hrM«fMkrmtf»hy he-faad 
formed the ctiabolical defign, wkilc hit .iiufter 
wit writing of fetring- ftre to th« trainy ca 
Uow him and his {xtaWj op together, but 
frovidenriallj was difeo^rered in tb« tttf 
aft, fec«redy broaght to triflli and rcteoctd 
46- Vt hotnu On -the morning of the ete6«« 
tion, ht was convcy^d to ibc door of the 
choreh at Kocre Dame ; hU Ketd and feet 
bare, H\i bod/ covmd with a (hm» a halter 
iottod his (ieck| and a torch in fif« band* 
He then coaTdTed hts crirn^ ^^^tt^ forgive* 
nefsof Cod,- tbd IChig. and the peoplli, aad> 
Arom rhencr; fat molt tremenMOS ftdhn of 
thunder^ Light^iingf and rain, was ft4Mire4 
io the PUce de Gravcf^ and as fooa as the- 
rain abttod,- #is laid^ra^ace oo a pileef 
faggots, and bomr alf^, a proper paniflisMac 
for fuch a remorfrfefs villt'o. 

At I^ftyden^ pfi the jtdrh of Jdlf, the 
iriHim John G^cie rf that eitT, coach* 
nail ro Mrs. Vender Meoln, ^hom ha 
Ikad formerly <narg;»d with ao arteiApt to 
Irrtbe hlra .tu aCTi^. ate. the Stidih<ildei> 
Wa<, in porfimnrA'uf his fcmen.e, UftenM 
to the gftllo^s ^irh a ro|ie atiout h-s naeKy 
and a lal>eT over his ticad,- fignit/ing fafia 
crimes, ^JK'^ ^ti^ firgt^y. He was t hare' 
feverely whipped and oranded, Mtd after- 
vrarJt reco:naitted to |r«,}i^ whiifre he is t& 
mia n thifty yrars clufe confined; and, if 
lie f-irviv *s,- IS to be banithed. T|^ fentence 
of tnecook, his accomplice, is lefsfercre; 
Hit is to b^ Wtiippcd. imprifooed nine yearSf 
And banilhcd 15 years. 

We Iffarn With pleafure. that Stfnday- 
fehools Aourtfh tery dliiefi in the Weftridiug- 
of York(hirr,> «nd are eftaUiflied in mofi of 
the prin^ ipat tawns and many vUi.^es. The- 
go«>d effcrAs of them are now very vifibief" 
and w<: hupe foon to hear th«t the magiftrates 
aad cU-rgy will pablicly pafroniae them* 
An order of fcHloaS, and from the vifitations 
to the prufMrr parochial ofic^, to prevent 
1'abbath -breaking, Ace. as the law eirefts, 
would have a moit beneficial tendency. Dr. 
Kaye, the archdeacon of Nottingnam, at 
his late vifitarion, (Wrongly recoormended 
them to his clergy. He was the firflf of his 
order who did To, and it is hoped his ex* 
cellent example will' be uidrerfaliy imitated. 

ymnt tz. 
Crofby and Edwards, noder fenttmca af 
death in York Caftle; the formrr for rotibittg 
and firing a mill, t^e latter for a Ltghwa/" 
roSbery, br^ke o*)t of the gaol by a fmall 
paiT'ge, which they had dug throbgh the 
founJitioa-wall ; and thdogh parfned, 'an4 ' 
farrouodffd by the rivers Oufe and Dcrwent,* 
over wh>ch there is oo paiTage biat by faityt 

The houfc of Ld- O'lntlcy, at Wooii&V' 
near Goilford^ v4^, during the abfenceaf^ba • 
famly, atiertptad to btf broke opan by* fix'< 
ftjrn. who came With" twu carts, prepaiVd t(f 
carry off the boo^. Thry.tuld ihe lampike- ' 
Man, ncsr GuUdfWdrthey w^d-i«iy iii»'at* 

theycuiebaek,; tad WmiB f i « ^H|l | w |i t 
late in theliifkt«, tlwy pickM Iha.todivf thi 
gate. , They.. wafe obMrfcd a sriwie day ai 
Oaildfer4 whh h mmtk AiTpic'i^B,' chat iW 
Alayt^' ordered them to hepi^tkalbrlir svaprhf , 
cd. ^hen thcjr rcSachadl the bnafeflicy fcrfii. 
a high wall^ ^'t hearing a floifi;;wJUhi% ri^ 
wgra ieiac4 with a fadden' paa'f aad *mnim 
off. "at th^- thcjr adght mar fa. Ukmrn wiilU 
out doing fbflMthinfr tbcj^'Mkd opca um 
planderrd a b<Hifa at Spibtt» Ic is f j i fl4 
a difcardad toadmaa wai thifir gjai^a -mk 

A'vc^ vi«ltiic ■1f9mi of Clnw4ii^v4y^ - 
Birtg, and haiJ» happened Ucely acGwMil^ 
in- S'ancy» ilM lighAaifiK anttned taw 
lloafat a^oiiaing tha White Bart gghirr 
yirdy io which it did caatfdd^hlcrj idiMnfii 
particolariy by Ihaitering the roons la-aeia^ 
oncomnoo aaannars' a chamber. *4oar wm, 
fplic, aad fereed from iia hinges 'ia« ck|^ 
aoari faverdl hbCtles that wcca ta acMtU 
warp carried with greaf yiotowr tm'^ u^ 
middle ef an adjoiaiBf repoiri aisd ^Iwdadbif 
that coatatacd them rear i» piodhit • taM 
^ilt» which was luo|^ oo a Imria-M^ 
chamber, was fet on drCf aod had" inBi# ' 
been alm0ft-lnftaatlyeititogaHbad,;tbe%Mdt 
bnildiflg moft (hortly have been in' flahlM^ 
Five penoils were ihthe hoodni at^tht timt^ 
bn^ providentially aooe of thea' reoeiocd^o^ 
material injury, one wamsB oaky -fcasli^ 
her faca a little fcorchedr a chit^ that srar 
fictiag io the kitchen^ at play with hardal V 
received not the leaft hurt, tfaeugbtlic dell WM 
confiderabU burnt | a asaa ai»d a wodiao^wW 
wert ftaoding at a window that Wm Ibrcedf 
open by the lightaing, alfo efeapad wMntCi' 
as did two- men win arera •knecked 4awm hf' 
it, while' fianding- without deori^ m 'KlM^^ 
ilable>yard | 9vA of cheia, howeeeTf wiA 
have bben for fooae time -deprived :of .kill 
fenfesi as^ oAn getting op, he did' aor ^C€^ 
colled having heard th^ thnnder^ • al Awiaglfl 
It wat awefully load* 

DoMaaTie OectraavcBfc'i 
Dr« M^GiooiSy who'kiUad Mr.HMv^ 
k'atcer in Newgate Street, Dee. aS^ irSs^-wat* 
discharged from his Cbaiinement in thedag'iC 
Bench prifea, to which he bad rt ii^v e dftw'* 
Newgate^ Sae his trial, VoUUll, p. 75* 

Dadd Levi aad CharleslTfrelein W9ftt^ 
pitally conviAied at the Oieiieral9firilda»,.ai* 
Canterbury, for feliMiouily Healing; 00 Hmfj' 
XI, fevwal goeds ia thed«MliBg''h«»re'e#(' 
John-May, drBjper^ ia thtt ciiy^ Titey* hiM' 
nnce bean nrfotted* 

Aad on -ANigoft 1n^ Cftorge Bdamt mat} 
fofcph Taylor, ware capitally ionviaed aft 
TenidHMS 8fefiMMf-l»r'bor|UfMBy btadl«^* 
iiag' into af hoife' ia that to wa/ 1 

Apodfaaifky whe#as thi»ddy>ffilfchd ^Hfc 
tBe Itfiogtofl reid tot diife te^ ao#' fbii^t 
ff 4i%Mief 4hdb the k k W ik wa<-^*th€^l 

^ ttatm 

PD^iy #eht «ritl| a coni^aMc Hi ptr- •* mty be foaod oectfl^ry in tbls ttmntrj 

lllm r of)^i|^e«ii!»g titnr, »n* •tBWi»t- for fifcttrfn| ilioAs adKrantagct cxcluiivel]^ 

^Mire ktini l^ ^Hialo, %hti a lo«|C to th« {ofajeAs ofthr Bnpire. 
^c ffic fioews of the hirtd#Jr part tf «• Thii abj» ft i» efleniially connc^cd with 

0bMe*i Irgjoft tetowlhi^ knrtf; and the marrtiane flrmgtti of yoar MjiHij's do- 

MT i\6B)aik& Wfirk him at the faint lainloo^, and coofeqdcntiy with thfe iafei^ 

)Ut^ iht flnewt oY^ this Xemtr ^rtr of and proffetuj of both Great EHtain and Ire* 

[^vi^ iK ihfe fam^ fiia^her. Nof land. We, thcreibrr^ deem i indiipenfabl«v 

liltfifi^ tl>4^. ihey ftill kefit theiirholdt that thofe ^oii h fkbald h^ feciMred, as ma^ 

Ihf^ m>iiliin could b* fee tired, be be coofid*red^ heceffary ro the exiftencc an4 

«t' ihk e6^(lkl^e from the ear tn the daratioo ^ che ?greemeott betlfte^n the t«4 

jte. Some people coming to ih«r c«utkriei, and ihey tan only be carried' int« 

ice, the trwel viltain wai carried lefffA by Uwi tw be pafiEed in. the Parliament 

a magiftrate and eomreiried { hot of Irelaitd, which iv alone coihpeteitt to btii4 ' 

•«/ mea mhft be cripples duriog Mit your MajeAyH fubjefts in ttfWkingdtf^, ani 

whofe IrgtOaiite rights we fball e^f boM «i 

yufyi%. facred aadorowni - 

i*Hy thfc Right Hon. the Lord Cbin* 'It remaint for tBe I^artidmettl of tr«taa4 

#fth a great ntimber of Peers ; and to judge, according to their wifiloM and dU^ 

teflker and Members of rhe Houle of crecion, of thefe ccnditions, as well at o£ 

odl, watted on his Majefty at St. every other part of eke CettlemeAV fropofedt 

'l^%ith the following joint Addrefe of to be eflaUi^hed, by motoa! tonfetiii •• the 

Imrfea relative to the procecdiogs on purpofe of thefe' refdiorioos is to promote 

rftr«oiiimercial hufiocfi : ■•'k* the coihanercial iiUerconrtb of yoor 

?«, ytoor Mtjcfty'i moft doriful and Maje^y'a ftibjca$ io bdch cbnnti^i^; atnd 

Kilfeft^ the Lords Spiritual and Tern- we are pf rfvadrd that the cbmmon. profperitf 

butCooHnons lit Parliament aiTrmblcdi of the two kingdoms will be thereby grbaUt 

taiean ^nio oor moft fcrious confidcr*- advaiitedl, the fubjeAs of each will, in 

tKri^rportant faMeft of the commerciar future, apply themfclvet to thofe branchcb 

^tm bctweHi Gfcat Britain and Ire- of commerce which thcf can exerctie with 

<ecOmrfiended iii yotot Majefty** <*peeck »«* advaatage nhd wealth as will tiperate ak 

«^ping of the prefent Scffion { and a geueril keaefit to the whole; 
Motions of the two Houfcs of Parlia- •« Wc kave fo far performed otif^ part id 

id Iceland, which w^re laid before tit this iftifiortaat kafineis^ and we tnift» that 

lhrMaje1ly*t cooimand on the tad of in the wkofe of ftt pmgrefs, reeipniCal ia. 

il^MI-i and afttr a long and tare ful in • tereAs, and motoal a^e^ioo, w^t infora that 

two 6f tHe Virioos <fiieftioi1s necrffanly -^irit of aiiiofi fo edentially necetary (o th<i 

IMt of this comprehcnfive fobjcft, wo great end ^hidi the two cottntKel hl«4 

llfie to the- feveral Refoloiiona whwh eqtially in f'lewi In this perfaafioo ite look 

HT humbly prcfent to your Majefty ^rwafd *ith tonikleiice lii tb^ final cMipl^^ 

lick, we troHi ittU form the ba6s of an tion of a ticafbre, whick, while it tends to 

ragetMt and pertnanent commertial ferpetnact iiarmBny ind'frien<|(bip bet«<eeil 

left between your Majefty't kingdoml *he twd kinfdoms, by aogmentiag theit re^- 

•at Britain and iltland. ftwrcet, uniting thar elfbri, 4nd confoltdat* 

rr lia¥e (froceeded on the fbundatioo ihg their Aren^tk, wiM afford yonr Majeftlr 

-yilbts of the Pariiament of Ireland i the fore* iheant of eftablfihiog a laftiog 

B confidering fo eitcnfive an arrange- foundation^ in the ^fety> prof)>erttyi iTM 

we have fuwod it neteflfary to ihirb- glory uf the empire.*' 

b«e modifications mM exceptiona, and To the abovi joint iddr^, kit MaJcHf 

A: added fuch rrgtlationS and ebnditionft Ikas moft^ gracioofly pleafed to rCthrh th# 

^ted to OS indi»penfa^iy n<icefr*r^ in following an fwert 
l^ng the p#opof«d igrfemeiit A* juft «< Idy Lords and OenttemM^ 

faltable, aad for fecurmg to b#ih «« I receive with the greateft f^ritfaftiofi 

ies ihcfe advantages^ to an ei|Qalen- thrfe refolutiofn, whiffh« tfter fo long and 

a» of which they are in fotare to be diligent an InTefVigatidn/ yoa coofider al 

d.' iTob^ Ma)efty's fobjtfta ib Ireland afiording the bafts of an advantageoba aird , 

IfcelPcd in a t^tliod tailing aaticipa* pciounent commetyial fettteinear between 

^Uleuiidir wftb ^bc Briitlh Coimi.i«f I my krogdomt of Great Britain and IrHan^i 

H|W-'nre ptrfoidod, acknmaledj^e^ the Notb4ng can mere clearly mtnlfefl font it* 

if their toflttnoiiig to <m]Dy it on the gatd for ih*4ni««llt of both my kmj^doms^ 

MBt-^^i^^Toar^ajffly'a fiibjtds it and youir seal f<^>r the gcnt-rJ pi^p^iity o€ 

SMiq nad ft isi we conceive, e^daliy my domiuionsj thin cite airbntion yod hare 

f^^kit i» t^e fti'fpt'atid marineetdf ghren lo cfiis ttrpoitatvt okje^i - 'A fdit and 

I aie'tocontinae-And en^ogrtbe lanle- c^ual perttcipkion- ol co*«mri%Hil- advan* 

|ci ivith thofe ofi Ofddt*6ritain, the tsgesifind f fiditUricy of lawa|itftlM£ipbinti 
fidima fton*^ be »doti»ed Jc Awiatid * '-IMdck 

<9d ttrSTOKrCAt CHftOt^Klt^ 

foroKd the ctlabolical defi^n, wkilehis.mafter 
. was writing of feiclAg- hre to tho train, to 
Mow him and his family op together, bat 
providenriallj was difcdiertd in the trery 
aft, feeoredy brought co xriHt and Teteac^ 
46- he bomt* On-the morning of the eteCo- 
tiotty ht was con^ejird to the door of th« 
chareh at Kocre Dame ; hii head and feet 
Vare, Hti bod/ coTrnd with a (hm» a halter 
ioood hit fieck| and a torch in m« hand* 
. lie then conTefled his crim% heg|«d forgive* 
nefi of Cody the iChig, and the people, avd' 
Arom rhencrj fat moR tremeoMM fto^m of 
thunder^ LightlfRing* *nd rain, was rtfdioMd 
io the Place de Grav^i and at fooo at cho- 
rain abated,- #at laid ^^ate oo a pile -of 

iaggfttB, and bomt alt^, a proper pootflHMBC 
ot fuch a remorrcfefs vtlla o. 

At Lef^oy pnir the idth of Jdlf, the 
irllUiii John G^cie rf that iitv, coach* 
nan ro Mrs. VanJer Meuin, whom Im 
Ikad formerly <ntre^ with ao atteiApc to- 
Irrtbe hiib .to aflVfllr' ate. the Stidihiildci> 
Wa«, in porftfanr4 'of his iltKen.e, (aftefted 
to the gAllo^s ^ith a roi^e aiiOiit h'S nOeK^ 
and a label -over his Krad, - fignttying hit 
crimes, ^»»7M'^ »iid ^^rp f»;y. He was there' 
feverely whipped and ora'flrdcd, and after- 
vrarJs recotvnitted to f^-A, whifre b'e is t& 
rcoia n thirty yrars clufe confined; and, if 
lie f irviv t,' It <^ ^ banithed. T^c frntence 
of tnecook, his accomplice, is lefsfevere; 
iV is to bV* Whipped, imprifooed nine yearsy 
And banllhcd is years. 

W: learn With pleafdre, that Sdmday- 
fchooh Aoariffa tery otaeh in the Wcft-ridtug ■ 
€.t Yorkfhirr,' and are eftabliflied in mofi of 
the prinv ipal tiwns and many vili.^es. The- 
good effrAs of them are now very vifiblcf' 
and wc hope foon to hear th«t the magiftrates 
aad clergy will pablicly pafrontte them. 
An order of fcfllotis, and from the vifitttions 
to the proper parochial oflicirs, to prevent 
I'abbath-bremking, Ace. as the law eirefts, 
would have a moit beneficial tendency. Dr. 
Kaye, the archdeacon of Nottmgham, at 
his late vifitation, (Wrongly recommended 
them to his clergy. He was the Arft' of hit 
order who did fo, and it is hoped his ex* 
cellent c^^mple will' be ufiiferraUy imitated. 

Jmnt 12. 
Crofby and Edwards, onder renCtmce o^ 
death in York Caftlr; the fo^m<^r for robbing 
and firidg a mill, t^c latter for a ki%hwmf' 
rohbery, br6ke ont of the gaol by a fmtU 
paiT'ge, which they had dug throogh the 
founJitioa-wtU; and thbogh parfuMl, *an4 ' 
fiurroundrrd by the rivers Oufe and Dtrrw^nt,* 
over which there is no paiTage biat by^ify^ 
efripedjunmolt ft»*d. 

The houfc of Ld. CV.-^ntlcy, at Woniib; • 
near Ooilfurd^ yifU, during the abfence of^bc • 
famly, atteoiptM to be br>ke open by- fix* 
ftirn, who came Krith" two carts, prepaid tdT^ 
carry offthc booty.' They .told the turnpike- ' 
auiij, near Guild&rd, they «rqiild-{%jy iiim*at> 

they cMiebtck,.? ted W«roi»f<B^tyi4iiwlit 
late in thenigh't,. tlwf picked ihe.fnckvftMl 
gate. . Tttey.'wefe obtercd a wliole dwf -i 
OaildlTbrd whh h mmtk AilTpicMii,' Chac iW 
Alayf^ordered them to heMhicdbrljr wavKA, 
cd. Wbeothei; retched the bott6jclMjiGala| 
a high wall, h«t hearing a noiie-w«Jii% ihc|| 
Wfra feiaei ofi'^ * fodden* paaic aad 

Ot ih^-thcjr Might tm folibflaewik^ 
out doing fomeihinfr tbej^'mkd ope* uti 

ploodered a bdhfe at SpM» It it fsij 

a dtfcarded coaohaas wai thifit g^i4t -mi 


A veiy vi«ltiic How of Climidii^ -lU^ 
Binpt aad haiJ^ happened liTiilj m if mtjm^ 
in- Sency* 'flM lighcmnK aotered twtk 
tidmim ad^onatog thm Whit» Bart ^tAtew 
yird, io wluch it did codfdci^hlej riiMnfl^i 
particnltriy by (battering the rocNBs^ 
oncomnoa taanmers' a chamber *4oar «•• 
IpliC, and fitroed from itt lun|fet>i«i,. iImp 
aooTi fevcrdl bbfclet that wen ia acliic%^ 
were carried with great yiotottr twl i|^ 
laiddile of an adjoiaiag rootqr^ aitddlwcMiii 
that coatatoed them rear it piecteri a taM 
^ilt, which wat hao^iag oo aliaria*!^ 
chamber, wat dtt on href umd bad* it^M^ 
beea almaft- inftaatly eitiagaHht4l,;tb»%Mit 
bnildiog maft (bortly have been in flahlMff 
Five periovtwere itathe hoo^atrtte tiab't^ 
bo^ providtntitMy aooe of them- reoejvcd^o^ 
material injary, oae woman only -bating* 
her face a little ftMrchcd r t chUdr that- «rav» 
fitting io the kitchen, at play with bar^al V 
received not the leaft hurt , tbougb'cbc doll viiir 
coofiderably burnt i a main tiid a womaa^wba 
were ftaodmg at a window that Wan Ibrcedlf 
open by the lightning, alfo nicapad aabait |< 
at did tw» men win were 'ioackad dbwB hf' 
it, while- ftandittg- without dobn^ m Kka^' 
ilable>yard| one of cheni, hownvert atw 
havr Meen for foote time -deprived ^: of Jilil 
fenfesi at^ oAn getting op, he did' nor ^C€^ 
colleft baring heard th^ tbnnder, ■ alAwiaglfl 
ic wai awefallyloud. 

DoMBiTie OecvaavGBfc'* 
Dr« M^GIoait^ who'kiUad Mr. HMjV 
hatter in Kewgate Street, Dee. aS# I78a,waat 
difebarged from hit Cbofiaement in tbalCSag'ii 
Bench prifoa, to which he bat i<enMvad fraM' 
Newgate. Sea bit trial, VoU LIII. a. «e. 

» f8* • 
Darld Le^i and CharlctlTtrclein weie«aii' 
pkally eooTidfed at tha Oieneral Sefldm^ at • 
Canterbury, for feliBaiouily Healing; oo Nar^ 
XI, fevaval goddt in thed«MliBg'>boafc'a#i 
John'May, drnper^ io Cbtt«iiy. Tliey* hM ' 
noce bean nrfpited^ 

And on A)igoft f^v <'^oriEe B^meit aiijf : 
Tofeph l^aylor^ war* capitally ^oneidlaA a#t 
Taoi^ibo atfioMf-ltrboriUa&aily^ bttai "^ 
tit^' into a' hoafe in that towtt/ 1 

Apodr many who #at thladdyiVilbbd^M^ 
tfie Ifliogton raid »f 4it ta^ ao# fbm^t 
inaatyybitoafiBf •thab the idbbih ira<-^»tha^t 

, mtan 

tlt^TORlCAL CttROlVtCtti 


n^f «reht «rit^ a ronftabic Hi p^r- 
^^ith t on ij^eeibg Mnr; ^n# atttm?*- 
>^re kiiii> t4»« Vtltalft, thh a lo«i|C 
•^c rfie finewA of ih« hilld#t part if 
dfta^lc^s leg^ joft telow Ihi^ knr« $ aii4 
b# lldlhiji Ui wtlih blm nc the finit 
W f he Infcwt tff ihe*^ l<**er jw^;^ of 
^4|viM itf tht ^m^ liif^her. Not* 
Mligfhh; ihey ftiil k€|»f thdi^holrf; 
IM\fte'«4lltin eduld 'b« fetttreif; be 
itf ^h^ebfftibltf'froM the ear to the 
ifie. Some people conpng to ibeir 
Dce; 'ihc trwel viitiiin wti rtrrird 
a mxgiftrate and eomreiricd { hot 
^ mcb mbft be cripples durioK^ tbt'tr 

' 7«5r 28. 
ir^Aiythfe Kighi Hon. the I;^rd Chiii* 
Ltrhh a great number of Peers; and 
JNker and Members of rhe Houl'e of 
fodty waited on his M»jefty at St. 
^%ilh the foltowrjng joint Addrefs of 
||«lrfe« reiatire to the proceedlags on 
tik^^ommerctiil buflnefi : 
V«. ybor Mtjcfty'i moft dutiful and 
lbll^a», the Lords Spirittial and Tem- 
■lAieooMnons in Parliament aifembledi 
lal^af) 4t»io our moft fcrious confideflr 
Mf^ponint fiibie« oP the corrtmerciar 
l^ttm berweHi Gfeat Britiin and Ire- 
ft^birfiend^ iri jobr Majefty'* 4>«cck 
-«<ideping of the prefeni Scffion { and 
dRubiions of ibe two Hoofes of Parlia- 
^id Ireland, which w^re laid before bt 
lir'M«jef»y*t comtnaod dn the tad of 
Wh4!'i and aft^a loife and tarrful in- 
Mioit ttF tHe Wrtoos <liieftioi1s 
}Wt of I his comprchenfive f«bit<^, wo 
MMtie to the- federal Refolotioira which 
oW humbly prefent to four Majefty 
liicb, we trufli utiH form the bafis of an 
ttgeouf and pertnanent ' commeitial 
Bff^ between your Majefty*« ItingdwnS 
^at Britain and iltlaod. 
KTetiave ffroceeded on the foundatioa 
s -vigbis of the Pariianlent of Ireland i 
n confiderinc; fo eircnfiTC an arrange- 
, we have foood it neteffary to ihirb- 
looio modifications and txcepciona, and 
^ added fach regulations and c^ditioaft 
ir^fe4 to OS tndi»peofa^ly Beceffiry in 
i^ng the pitopofcd i^r€c«ehi a» juft 
^itablo, and for ftcurmg 10 both 
ries ihcfe advantages) lo an ei|ual en- 
Ht of which they are in fotore to bo 
^' Yohf Ma)efty'« fob}«6s ib Ireland 
lifcolpcd io a tbtl.iiDd Miog aaiticipo- 
'^^ksxjfJk^ wjcK ^hc Briitlh Coioaief I 
tr:|r«^«f» ptrfoidody aclrmniled^er the 
f ^ their tofltinoihg to c^joy it on the 

K:#kb^ttrl4«jffty'i fo»ta5iti 
1^ oad It lii weeonceive, c^daliy 
Ufl^^hat d» it^e ftilpv' and marinef* w 
d are to continae- ind emoy fbe Unit- 
Aet ^ith tbofe at OrwBriiain, the 
KrtJMs 1kumk4 be^do|M'iii iteiaoil 

at may be found oieceftry in thit eovntrr 
for frcurrni tUoTe .adi^antagca cxcltUivel]^ 
to the {VifajeAs of thr Empire. 

*• This obj' ft is eflen» tally connc^ed with 
the marrtime flrtiigth of yoar Mjieliy's dd< 
niinlooiy and coofeqaemly with thb fafet^ 
and ^rofperity of both Gneat Eritain and Ire* 
land. We, therefor**^ deem l indiipenfabl«v 
that thofe 71011 ts fhbttld b^ feciMred, as ma^ 
be coniid .^red heceffary to the exiitencc an4 
daration Of the f greements bett^ebn the tw# 
eooHtries, and they Can only be carried' into 
'efff A by hrwf to be* pa^d in the pArliamen^ 
of Ireland, which h alone c^ihpeieiit to btifi 
your MajrAyH fobjefts in tlTKkiiigdbf^, and 
whofc legiOsiite rights we Ihall etrt^ hoM «i 
facred as Oar own; ' - 

• It remaiot for tBel^arttdibeiiiof trelaa4 
to judge, according to their wifilcMM and dil^ 
cretion, of ihefe condition*, as well at o£ 
every other part of the fettleneatfropdfedt 
to be eflabiiihed, by mutual tonfebt| as the 
purpofe of ihefe'refdiotions is to promote 
alike the coifioierdal iiUerbour^ of your 
Maje^y V fubjc^s in bdch cbnnt^i^ j and 
we are pfrfuadrd that the cdmmon. profperitw 
of she two kingdoms will be thereby grbatijr 
adVanted, the fobjeAi of each will, ik 
futore, ^pply tbrrofclvet to thofe birancheb 
of coflunerce which ther can exerctie with 
mo* advantage »tid wealth as will tipcrate a* 
a genrril beaefit to the whole; 

** Wc have fo far perfbrmed oui^ part ill 
this iftifiortaAr bafioeisi and we tru^i that 
in the whofe of its progtefs, racipraCal in. 
tercftt, and mutual aifeaiOD, wHl iiifore that 
•^irit of oiiion fo eflentially neeefary to thii 
Sreat end ^hidi the two countKel hl«4 
equally in fiewi Irt this perfuafioo ie look 
^wai-d with toufi<lence lii ibt flnal comple^ 
tton of atieafure, which, while it tends to 
perpetoatt iiatoi^ny ind -frlen^ip between 
-the twd kingdoms, by aogmentiag theit re^ 
fcon:ef, uniting thar eirori, 4nd confolfdat* 
ihg their Hren^th, wiM alTord yoor Majefi|r 
the fureft iheani of eftablilHing a lalltng 
foundation^ in the ^fery, pro<)>erityi iTM 
glory uf the empire." 

To the abovi joint tddr«r, bit MaJcJif 
#as mo* grscioufly pleafed to rtcbrh th# 
following an fweri 

« liy Lorda and Ornttemta^ 

«« I recfi^c with the greateft rifUfaftioti 
thrfe retobtiom, whitfh, tfier To joog Mnd 
diligent an InrefVigatidn/ fon coofider il 
affording the bafts o^'am advantageoba atrd 
pci nwMient comoier^ial feitleineuc betwepil 
my hmgdomt ot Gi*eat Britain and IrHaiUi' 
Notb4ng can oiore clearly m^nifefl yol^r re* 
gild for4h*.ioi««llsof botit my hulgdomsi 
and yoot" zeal for tht grn»-rJ p«lj»^rrty o€ 
my dominions, thin tvt airbn:io(t ^00 htrw 
given CO cftis iirporrant objeAi ^ 'A fdll and 
equal portici|i^ioo ol LO*«imrt%»«l' advan- 
tagesi und f fidiiUrity of lawa^ i»tlM£ipbinri 
r. r , ^.%hlcftl 

662 ItlSTOitlCAL CHRONIC it. 

wkick are' ncceflafyfor their prrferf«lioiia»dl 
fccuriiy» muft bt the fsrcft bond of vaioa 
betwcco the two kini^loaM, and the (owce 
of fecipiocal and iacreifing benefits to both* 
The fame fpirit in which thit great woiK 
kaf hegon and proceeded, will, I donbt not, 
appear througboot the whole of itt progrefii 
and I concor w'th thinkiogy ^bat the fioal 
completion of it is^efliratial importance fo 
the ftttore happtoeft of both coootriea, and 
to the £i(ct ji glorv, and profpcritv of the 

• mm ^ 

At « CQBR of ComiMti Cooocil, held at 
GniUhall» the L. Majdr acquainted the 
covrtf that perfoosi concerned in the coal* 
tradci had entered into a combination, which 
threatened the worft confcquences if not 
IfcedilT defeaied. It Was therefore recom* 
ttendcd t9 pni the lawi againft oniawiwl 
combioataOM vigoffoOflj into exteotioo ; and, 

SslicatJoii being made to the Lordt in 
oncii, an adrertiieoMfit appeared in the 
JLovboif Gaxetti, the nekt day, with hit 
M«jefly*s pardon, and a reward of too 1. lo 
sfiy pf^rfon concerned in loch combii»attoo, 
■who fhoold difcoverrhe atithon ot p iu m u tpf t 
of the fame. At the Came tione a . notice 
^fom the Lm Mayor was delhrered by the 
waur-bailiflT to the. coal-ownert, coal-fae- 
.tort and all others concerned in the cool 
.txadei that unlefs the <bips now in the riT'er 
did not begin to onlN^ad their cargoes wttb- 
•cut farther delay, hts i>dp. was determind to 
:c»nry the laws againft them into execution. 
This bad the drfired clTeA, and on the firft 
.of Aoguft they beg^ to onload. 
• Peter Show, who in the coorfe of the pre* 
f ient nsonth of July, fee p. 567,wasearai(cd» 
cohfeflTcd to the Kev. Mr. Villete, ordinary 
.of Newgate, juft before the execatioo, chat 
about thyee years fince, whtl^be lived fer* 
'vant with Colonel Wilfrm, at Dablington, 
near Stoke, in Norfolk, in confequence of a 
repon that there was a rank in the wise 
•crllar, in. which there was fomething of 
value concesird, he was induced to pick the 
.lock, and that he took out of two large yars, 
% purfc which contained no guinrat, half 
•crowns, dollars, 36* and 27 Ihiiling pieces, 
and plate to the value of Soo 1 and upwards, 
which was fuppofcd to have been drpoliied 
there by the late Major Wilfon, What 
^as very extraordinary, neither Cof. WiKon, 
nor any of the family had opened the vault 
■ 'lince the death of the Maj^r, which is fome 
vears finer. The Colonel after reading Mr. 
villetie'a ictter, examintd the vault, when 
.ikc found the rmjAy jars ai above dcfcribcd. 
MOl^DAT Jlitf, I. 
This day the Duke ol OorCet arrived at 
•couri frorm Paris. 

Count 4* Adhemar, the French ambaCidor, 
fet ou< from Loudon on his way heme wah* 
01:'. i.'.x.ingleavc 

rcur men and three women, onvi^ieJ at 
Su.ic^ t&ajci^ for robbiog, and crucily bcai* 

ing, oMMng> tad wopodiafr a Mkf^ 
itkm thty da to y t d ioco,a honi^ ^ J^^^- 
fttoit, were eatcatcd 10 tlio fano tlat^M»» 
foant to thair (en ta oct. It ipgitjiu ghif |^ 
women, kaowbg tbo Ftdlar. ^d soocf « jmi 
bf ooa #ent into tikt kaofe to git ik nil 
kioh bat not IbqBcediagii and £odMg ^i 

Mote aat to pan wiik it,, t*ir J bfaogjki ja 
the thraa n^ one of whMi took Oii;4i 
luitie^ and rtpfe4 op the bcflj of iht^iwr 
nmn, and athafwiiawoaaded jiioi » % Ifetod^ 
iOf annocf • . . . ' ^ 

Thia day irvan maJeCoSiots '^"^rntf^ at 
tha above allaea ware tsecotcd loi Krnjjpg^ 
ton common, in fight of innameiabia ^pae* 
tators. Three of fhe^r it is faid, belooged 
to the Hooie-brakers Gompany, wko IM^ 
open books, keep cWks and divide prafittk 
Tha profits of this Company, if the cooidka 
of one of the faffrrers be tniCt for £^0 ytam 
paft, have aoMOated 00 an. average a^ .cop 1, 

aveari ooa ot ihea made over aooo J. cmh^ 
tai flock in the funds to a friend hpifaffab 
trial, to pfrfoiva it ibr hit fsaiilj. 

The Secretary at War iflbedi ondcn iitai 
the gatrilons throoghont the kif^ioia tf 

Great Britaia to be tmmrdiitrlj aonf jdji 
.with fia n»ontha toret of every kiodThiSio 

the winter feafea feta in \ ond lliC'Ibettd 
llorekrepers were ordered to tfanfoMc dlreHlj 
an accoaat of foch articles as aia now. wmi* 

frii^ 5. 

▲ man, while. under ezaorioatioa hdMt 
▲Iderosaa Le Meflurief, at.Gaildliali,^iBpi a 
charge of robbing a man in MporfiJU^jt 
fsnow, kiiowo by the name of Smmktt^'t$M^ 
to fpeak in his bahalf, aod, apoo being.jifkad 
by the magillrate how he caaie to.koow an/ 
thing of- the matter, the .priiboer inftawlf 
cried oat^ " Your woilhip, he 'maA t^^ 
iar he was with me when the lobbcry wai 
eommitted." On ihis ^eclaiatioa Jttnnaktr 
was fcot to goal to keep bis friend coMpgoj* 
Smurity 6. 

The Scandlioch Weil Indiaman» loaded 
with rom and fagar from Jamaica, ioq| £fc 
between twelve aod one in theafteroooi^.and 
bnmc to the water's edge. She waa raa lAlo 
Lioaehooie-Hole, where the flao^s conti* 
■ooed 10 rage till Sonday morning. /The lob 
is fuppo(cd to oflaottJK 10 jOfOOoit 

At theTueatic ILuyal in the Aajat^rlet^ 
whJe the andi^ncc were wauiog for i|io 
play to begin, two beaotiful foa.ikg* Ctfia 
.were rematkod in the pit geoteelly'sSef^^ | 
and on a geottecnan and laoy coating {ojlit 
by them, one of theoi fuddenly fKfUimada 
«« Ibott th$ Ma,*' and ioflautiy laioted 
away. 1 bis aitraded the att^fdioo of jho 
iKMk, tiU, bj chc^hnmwvitir of a geiUle* 
snan, who^ pitytnp ber diOfels^ with thc'if* 
litlauco of.l|eC-fnend« conveifcd hec,to}i«r 
lodgingiy OL^DTc fbe lingered a lew itty t^ and 
aicd wulMOiiMVilkiME «aiCh« i9«fd. 


ftrSTOKlCAt CHROlflCLE. 663 

' TrMW "• ' ' *l*^' n**** mJ behalfi *wn| (Me fi*« 

^•Mi ■ Sill, ar vhM wttaj^ttnt InmiiATiaiii «kd ER^ttovt; 

M'ftCWiMm, ihcdakanCB^ccitkn To the aixainMaf tk« dillrerola Gcr' 

ttf^t?*^!'^'"^^* ■"' fintMl sihc* ninf, ocufioned bf waBiktioiii (ft* p.' 

Mil ■ndpetrfontflf iticfirft AtinAiaa. JM-)! *V ^ idMi that' |i«*t put of th« 

1mi<iMH<inithnueh'>DtI.oiidwiM<ln «*"a af Wriiirn, an ifea Oiu, ^afctliMr 

Ht wen TpltTKl^ bitHoT*] HiEkHfi't with loo ri]\tga inii rarini.wcre inui.diicd | 

«A*7'nSTithi«cfaMlHirintlickiU tbil HieSlc-nc ncir New Glirjcn, ind ihe 

■adufte of thur'dcTicw ud dacon* OjluMbaTtCuflriai.wercbnh brokFO down, 
■ad the taircu ihu IITiihI w» iTtenilibTFi 

Swii-irr ■!■ nany of ibc llfanpfli cdifici) tare cacrird 

■un>.'bc!iWc' i.irritd btforc llir Lord ■tcfara it, Wiik whole hmWia ibetaJTi, obo 

r, chdgpd wiih Uiilng (lit vifr, <l>1b h>d po p«£nlr mfini af cTcipinE: lod b-ith 

•rinrtien«^,>idaih«T«ir*rn<rM(ine Ainfi aad eaiile vriihcui nnmbir [xrithcd. 
iia-iardrtiipTtcsnBindci arMoncilii. ^b Kiga ibe iniindaiion bcjan aa the 

HMRm ihc mta lo afc b« bciter.uid «*> <^ Apiil, ind conilnud till ihr iBth, , 

y npriRiindrd him fur hit iabnaa. Tha witcq loCt i Ftibonii and a hair, fo 

tat DO prooifing ro nfe bar' wtll tbu apart ef ine lowa and ill the caunlry 

t fiilDK, wii dtlnWrtdi baimcriw naa4 wnt atrrAvnti, Abore aooo nitU 

i&Dncr gat In a|>ghlic-liaBfe, than ha w^'e carried ■v*]'. 

Mubg her ajjain i and be[ag again O" the iid of.|DBC ttw DaHbe Mdaaly 

Wore hii lotdrtitp, wai br him cay. awrflased lit baafci in fa fighht ■ aanBar 

t»ltic Poaltry-CounirrtiU be Caaod *• <* 't'ty 'way t>uJ;u, haitr», peaplo 

yV-fc;) rx' b(ha<i«>c. ">' <>'<i -h'^le villacr.. Th.i ^,,eiftatd 

SviJrf 14. > ioandation haa dwc iKcrcd'blc damage, at 

tnfenen in ihc King'i Bench, W Pamcafur^t Cinild be lakcn [<■ frretent ihe 

•tankj'had procared a whiti t9tB» af it \ vaft Duaibera of caiile ha>e 

■rf pnc lerarilpogndiof pawder, vhich bcaodiuwned: but the greaittl miifongne 

tened up h; meana of ■ batEkei> '*> that fcittil hgodred perfoni haie fame 

fcsd «iahin( 1 hale in ihe vill sf ihe l-t Ihcii Ii*ei, and otiim Ihcit meani of 

Wii ab«t rminK fira Id Ike tnln, fubfiOciwr. Tlie caDfe of ihii terrible jauiv 

their plot irai difcarer^d, aad Ibdr ^ita la aiiribated to the «al) quantiiiH 

cal ptrpofefrullraled. The Inrolnni »f foow Dpon the TyrnI, Saliihourg, and 

i*iHg ^Ftn defeated, the prifoncra are *■!¥«' Aafirian nooniaiitt. 
: 4erptnf«, rii*r laiclji dtvffi'd the In IbeaTinaeii leadlof tott.'PMet'a gaH| 

)f a«MtaMgBCat lawratSigh inotBcr, in the ctij af Raiilbaro, a iiBlpl^a^«nd i» 

■ of fifth; ripi p— ^ •P°> "• raHrd tae giViaad, j ellti^idc, and oelrtf of (trf 

he dirtf aad aftcrwatdi humt bin in '^t* depth) at the batiaa af which' lao 
halea ara vifiblrf fron which'at linat 

Wtiirfiri IT> fulpihreouf matter (ilialta. Hohodj hw ja( 

ladiei in a ^haeion, attended by a hcea aide la accaant Forlhii phKnenicmair. 
Ictrani, enoirng o*er Bagfhst-heatti According ts accouDia fram SileGa, the 

o*er-iakiti by a genteel. Ion king <lc(rec af cald felt en the naaataioa m the 

maa in soaming, who nlGeioufly in. aftb of Pah. \»&, wu e^aal to that fall n 

4 hinfelf inia their eoaverfuian | l>cltr<biit|k in 1700. Brtilaw, which U tha 

er drfcTibing, » few word., hi* dif- capital, lin i. 34 deg. of Ui'ityJ:. 
SiBaiian,inimtrd their iBiftiace, OB Asraa nit f rata AAtacan nenlion foar ~ 

aac bF the ladici offered his a few fbockaof an ranh^oikc being fElt at Met 

k tKd rhcytBtaa, hefaid, to 10 Fait *Ki[, ^rMr„^(o■BlCaaea^u^ on ibe lid of 

WluA hate IheirpBrfeat which thay >'th. The fi'll happened at ti ■iBMea 

n^ laae him, contaiaing abDM it after two in (h» afternoon, and laiM two 

1' wfS which be rode off, fecBiogly minatea; the fecand an hobr afler, and 

*M. lilted ai longi tha third wai f^h briwcan 

FnJtj iS, fnen and aigbti and the fonrth at paft 

Saltan hi iha King** Beach com- twelni at night. At the fame tine fubttl- 

Ibtt ptrtion to hii Majelty. and laneoai commatiani were fell ai Killar." - 
:iMt fir* handrcd ataiei. dindM it Ootheieth aTMty le>ir*l Ihwkt afaa 

an at the Right Haeaerable Lard earih^uafce were Felt at Fianc, a fei-p'rt 

Ow4eB,to pnfnu la the Kias in in the Galph of Venice, preceded by a fsh- 

' ' UviaaeMii neilc ; but ttacj did oli danige." 

664 Birtbs^ Marriagi$^ 4Md Dt$th$ rf anfiJi^M$ Pi^fim. 

Vol. 14 V. p. 956. The late Mr. Frtfn«« 
too'f foo was bora m 1769; bit 4iii|hter la 

Vol, i.V. p. 574^ I. t, r. Edwtrd Pbelipt, 
]oo. 0I Mofttaciitc, eiq. M. P. fof^^t^ouiericilb. 

^ft^np R E D(iche£i' of DtTonlHile ; a 


LATELY^ Capt. $t. Uger, <^ ibp |7tb 
ffcg <if drapont, to Mifs A. Aiifela 
Mr. Ford, furgcin, of Gurdtii-fquare,./o 
Mrs. Htt'ir,' of |*er«7-4N-e«t, ttUSt of .Mi. 
Chariot H. atiorecjf who died foddenl|^y Sept* 
$, >7H. 

oi l^ambetb, to l|i^ lapaTrmMk; 
By fpecUl Jktoiir^ Mrp pitt» 

a. fnuKta 1r|UocJ^fi;|.l• Mft M^^Omfi 
% fpceUl lUfBiGt» Mc,^apm»^ fmmm 
ftreety Spho, nadcrtaicer, j|o Ajtia ^•w^nr. 

3. Pjr fpcclai ItcmoCy, Sir 1 
done, bare, to Miff Smy(be«« 

4. WilHan hAff^* ^% 
Koyal Biftop l^aft |i>/di4maii, fo Mia NMyba. 
laa, lately arrived from tbe Eaipl Iiidici^ 

5. At ScractoDy.SoiiMrfrKAuriBy Jote Laof- 
d#wo, ciq. to Lady Kna^^HbwU- 

7 Mf f. Peter tti^Uet, olCltrlMlw^, 
|o Mr|. S.^rke. 

3'. At Bath, hj the fight .hoo, and tcv. 
Lotd George Miuray, Jobo Oroictt idoir* 

Thontfl Betklalid. ff^, of Wyradfriiry^ 4tc*^l c^S* ^o LaViy Jvoe Nlvrmj, tkifd daoi 

l^uckt, to Mi^ 4>noe Virgn. 

Rc¥ Mr. Romi^ry fcllevr of Emanuel 
-coHfge, to M ifs pyut, of LetcetUr. 

At Chiifwick, Sir W.tUim Stanley, h4|;t. to 
|4ift Tuwnuiy, liaii. of John T. cfq. . 

Rev. Hodgei Bartholomew, rr£tv>r of B^- 
TOt, Noni^aqipii c^ire, cp Mifs WoodS| of 
Sootham^co. War^v. 

1 9** At the Qn^iters' nteeting .at Winch- 

of the Ute poke of AtHol. 

At Caftle Commie, Wiha, WalBi Pantf, 
€{^ of Wandrworlli, ro Mifn Scroopo., 

9. W. B. iCiag, ef^. of the Sali^oJica, iq 
Miff Handky,pf Rolls-hpildiai 

At Publin, Mr. Popf^ of 
tbratie, to M>fk Yoj; g. 

10. Rev. John Hatnfon, LL.B. ffc^or of 
WrabnjeJGi, to Miiii Margaret 'M«ry Ooygk* 

mtorr-^ill, Mr. Bt'njainin Head, merchant, of (Mily daogbter of Maur.ce G. DJk iaia-4«daf 

Toctmham, to M<fs M^t'n. HeyrCn). of that parifh. 

23. A<-St OUve'i, Hart-ftreet, Mr. Wil- xi. Robert Faoker| efq, of New 

liam Gaiike»l^ forgeuo, to IMTits Pooflety of to Mifs j^urton. 

'^momon. Ac Hip«lyts, oefr Htchioy W>Miaii^Wtltt 

At St. AaileiU Comwally by the rey.Afr. ihtre, jun. efq. of Hitchin, 10 Mifa Marth^ 

Hennah, vicac, Mr. Richard BntterSeld, to Worthatp, 2d dau of the late, and iflar 10 

Mifa ViBO Ward. 

«^. Aichtrd Greaves Townley, eft]. MJl, 
pf Trin. colL ^^m^, nephew of William G. 
^fq, of Fttlhooine, to Mifs Gale, fiftcr of 
Wilion Braddyll, eftq. file M. P. for Laocafter. 

Cape. K.n^tchby)ly of the oavy^ to Mifs 
lynaicfabol), only daughter of the late Norton 
K* ti^, of Babington. 

At M Iboornc Port, the rev* Mr. f *pi'*U, 
to the only firicr of the late rev. Mr. IfUcas, 
late vicar pf Milbooroe Port, aod fellow 
of Wincheft^r college. 

a6. At Qre*t purndoa, EflTeri Geo. Hew- 
«tc, efq. major of the 43d reg^meot of footy 
Co ivfifs Jo nfon, of B'^« 

R?v jolin Charles Heclttn|hafn, of Hythe, 

the ^ rcfrnt Hale >V. efc^ 

1 3. Mr. Wcflofly -of FciKhoreh4li 
Mifa Mary St^le^ dsughlrr of \lfi 
cJq. frcreury to thecommiflioneraofc 

ic. At Abtrdfap, Wiltian CbaliMia, 
M.i>. profcflor of MediciiK 19 Kuig'a C0I7 
lege^ to Mifs Jenoy Shrwao« ^ 

1$. T|^>maf Shrinptopf efq,. to Blift 

At ^xted, Mr. John Bridget, late iktofld 
officer of the Royal Biihop Eaft Iiiriiapgait| 
to Miff Margeret C^ke. 

At Dublin, the right' hon. Lofd Viliftnat 
Dyfart, to the hon. Lady 9row|i, aUcft 
Ultir to the Earl pf Aitamont. 

19. By fpecial Ijcenfr^ Edward hawt^t 

to Mils Mefai40| d^o. of. paot^ M. elq. of cfq. of Bufipt-park, c<r. Berks, M.ip. lof 


17. Vincent Ne%ftoa, efq, to Mifs Savage, 
fifter of pr §. ': 

19. Nichoias Elliott, efq. of Winterhouro, 
,W (s, to Mtf5 Powrll, daughter of thp iat« 
Sir Ateaander P. ot Salelby. * ' , - 

30. At Whitchurch, near E^gwsre, Wil- 
liam Kailett, efq. of Cannons, co. Middtefev| ^ Mt^s BogFe. ' 
to Mil's Stephen, of Breakfpear, in that 
cnun*yy only daughter of the Ute Mr. S. fur- 

.^bingdon. to Mrs. NaA, only daoghicr aid 
heirefs of the late John Darker* c£q. F.B^ 

At Blaenpant, co. Car'igaa, Joktt lilarca| 
e'q. eljeft fen of Mr. Ju^ice Nares» to Af ift 
BngAocke, ad daughter of. the lata- OvUA ||* 
afq. of Blaenpant. 

13. Mr. Johp ^tiv|,oCli(ew Bfoad-IUw 


geun, with a handfome tor tune. 

31. Robert Taylof; ef^, of £/e, Saffblk, 
to Mifs Sa.7>brook. 

Wcf/. T. Capt. Boucher, p(f the nify, to 
Mr«. Hawktfiv 

Cj^' ^<b A T Boqahay, of a dUbHcr in Wr 
. >7B4* i\ liver, whacb cafvied bar oft' 10 
three weeks, Mrs. Cbtiftioi wila«CCai>ivC« 
of the. eoginaar «oqw> to wbooi ||m bad ham 
married not quite three nioQika. Sbe eraq 

At St. Boiolph;| A'<'KV-*i A^ ¥'^i *^ ^PH dAD|htcr pf tbf rtfa 9nr|e fUUmf txn« 

eUhft^ 9f eifiJbirtAli fnf$H$ { with Bi^trapkUat jNtei9h$. 6€s 

ftAM'^Qf VtfiMMi ttf. Bcrk9, ind ttect to 
|i«^-}*h» Belted ff tlie irtillwjr, ia rhc 
£«ft iii<iia Compaoj^t fer? ke t a moft bc« 
co^ttfHi^jpdt^ag •QfiMfi, m4 tlie jkligbt of 
iMff ftttilf «i^ ac^amtaike. 

S7i Af<laiama, of a tiofeoi fto'i Caft» 
JKMl^^iii'of RoMrt Wtfy of Prefton Caf- 
tie, near Hitchin. 

-iyS5»Mfeclyr*t3ootHaflipfODy A.L.CoUtoiy ' 
4Bf<i. Ia«e licoi.icol. of flrfl reg. of^rag. guaNs, 
At iRyeg^te, Surrrv, W. Cbolmley, t((\. 
At flollingt^ Laneaftirey* Mr. Ldnuod 
J^eddowcrofr, aged 93, 
l5(^||c Atncld, efq. late of the Ifaff-ofll^e* ' 
At Newcaftla-ot on-Tyne, in three^ hoiut, 
of a mortification in hit bowelti Jphn Hope, 
nfq. This anfortqnare gcntlemin wai nephew 
to the earl of Hopconn, and married j^ in 17629 
^he only daqghrer of Eliab Breton, cf<|, 
«f Foortrre-hall, "Eafield, ^hh diid in 1767, 
in her 15th year, whofe untif|ic)y fate he hat 
celei^ted in a lablec in/dribed to her memory 
jo Wcftmmffer abbey, clol^ to Haodel't roo- 
Boment. 0y^ her he. had three font. He 
was the repgted author of the « New' Mar- 
#• gate Guide," 

Rev. Jo>n Fitsherbert, M.A^ wjso had 
been ticitr of Du^eridge, Deibyfli. near forty 

ymfy • • • Mrs, Jonet, wife of Mr. J. of 
Oreea-ftreet, Enfield high- way. . 
' Matk Cephas Tutet, efq. F.S.V>°<) P*r^t 
aer with Mr. Vidall, an e.iiircnt merchant 
in Podding- lane. This gentleman united to 
the iofci^ity and (kill of a inan of Vnfihefs 
the aeoompti(h>nentt of a polite Ichuhr and 
"' na intelligeAt a'nttqaary. Pew of hit .fur?i- 
.^•rt aoderilood'hetterihe rare fecret of eot- 
ledfnf only what was truly Ta^uahfe | a cir- 
footoice which mvtncible ttodefty alone 
prevented from being more geaeraUy l^nown^ 
To thofe who wefo favoofed with hi< in»lv 
■Mcy hit tftaforfi and hit judicioui cottiBo- 
Okatioos were regularly open. 
\ tir Tlie ex>preftdent Eorrecaftearit. He 
. wat on the point of being embarked for 
theBraliis, when he fell daogeroufly ill from 
cseefb of remorfe^ and, feeling his end ap- 
proaching, he RqueAcd' the Qiieen of porta* 
'^ 'to ftnd him one, of her fecretari«», to 
" take 4own bis laft declaration/ He acknow* 
ladgod that he alone was the murderer of hit 
'«ife| that at one o'clock of the momirig of 
tbo ill'of ^f ay, 178^, be entered her room 
ipsiion^ed, and, aetring qj^on tbe^d, pot 
• koHtoeod between hit knilb>, and With a ra- 
|br cnt her threat. She cfied out, be f|ys | 
b«t- hd ftflfped her moorti, and' finilbifd hit 
bloody bttiiHtit without farther noife. When 
Ibe was qnite dead, he went into a back yard, 
nnd wolbed hit bod^r all over with water. 
»trkio o bo ipl B a ble criorinal ^til^ exeulpatet 
any vf hie lilt^anit fiora th6 kb# knowledge 
>»r waldttniti ihehtvrid dd^td.* Bf order of 
/fk#%NiHl^'lM*wat evpofed fd the puhHc 
fitw^ ^pkb ilia face uncovcred| for ciiventjr« 

%z. Rob. Dalion, c(^, of Thnrnhan-hall^ 
CO. Labcafter. 

Mr. Brottgh, many yeart partner with Mr* 
OfiHffe, an eminent brewer at Enfiele. 

At Briftol, WtlSiaoi Oregfon, efq* in the 
commiffion of the peoce for the county of 
MiddlefeXy OMJ fbrm^y 1 deik in tbt ftna^T 

23. Sir Henry Tichborbe, bar^ of Tkhr 
borne, co. Hpnts. 

27. At Winchefter, aged 86, Mrs* Jei^ 
kiufon, mother of the light hon. C. J* dnd 
of Mrs. Cornwall, wife of the right hon. O. 
W. Oorowall, fpeaker of the Houfe of Com* 

Of an apople£l c ftroke , at the age of 6^ 
Baron Gymnick, prime minifler to hi* ferene 
highnefs the Ele^lor of Colofn. He pof- 
feied in tne bigheft degree the confidence 
and eAeem of hit (bvereign, and it juftly and 
oniverfally regretted. 

2S. At Highgate, Mr. Cornelius Jongfma^ 
of the B nk. 

29. At Margate, iged ^%y Mrt. Cslin 
Scott, of Canterbury, a hngle Itdy of fortune, 
and annt to Francii D. clq. of ScottVhall, 

In Flee%ftr.^i^ Ales. Forbet, apothecary* 

In Prih .e'«-(^reet, Hanover^fquare, Mrt, 
Cockayne, relift of Col. C. and d&er to Sir 
Williant M'ldmay, bart. 

Auff. I. At Qloucefter,, Mr. Rich. Skrpp^ 
of the Old Oeorige, in Dimock; who was un- 
fortunately kicked a fortnight ago by a vici- 
ous horfr, as be «ras oiounting to returm 
home from market. ■ 

\i Bramford, CO. SoflT. Mr. Hudibn, rtdlor 
of Mrockiey, and perpetnai curate of St. Ni« 
cholas, Ipfwiqh. 

At Brecon, r^v. Cregory Parrv, M.A. pre> 
- bendary of Worcefter. 

2# Mta. Gertrude Soell, daoghter of thn 
late rev. Mr. S. canon relidentiary. of Exeter. 

At ^tepQcy, Benjamin Roebi|ck, efq. 

3. Mr. Thomas Amery, foo of AM. A* of 
Chefter. The untiniely dea h of this unfor- 
tunate young man was occalioned by, a wound 
which he received, about a fortnight agoy 
from the accidental diichargc of a gun which 
hs was dra|ghig after him by tlie muaxlf, ' 
the contents of which lodjEcd in his thigh. 

Mrs. Lomax, widow of John L. efq. of 

R^T. John Fletcher, vicar of Madeley, 

4. At Hadley, betr Barnet, Maior PMer 
Gr^nr, fomarly of the Eaft India .Company*! 
fervtce. , 

Age^ 7t» Mrt. Sarah Bankii of New 

Thomas ^rock, e(q. toWa-clerk'of Shrew£> 
bory» .- 

5. At Chelmsford, Mm .Oriffinhoof| 
wife of Or. G. 

%, At Lambeth, J>hn WiHon, ^fq. cap. 
tain of an iikdepeadSAC com^i^oj of iovalidt 
at Pijmomlu 

66$ OUtwary %fmJiJlm^U Ptrfmi m^b BUpwpKM JtrnklH. 

7. In New ftretf , «i iicr Mth rir. If n. MwC iir onM vifltb «i ^* viri^. \rMih 
ScfiltJQ, rcKa of't^e late WiltiMi S clS|. ii to rtcofrr dbe loig-Miflji an4plt M 
^Irt f, ^74) ; i.Udy wJioTc |pii4oeri of imit. tr«de of llMkWy« 

and rcndcrner* of difpoficiM, cndcmsd btr to \$. hX SwaiiCio, tvr. Mr. fttooMB'ffar* 

jKf £imily and all h«r id^uaintaiicc. ries, a geflflciniQ of |mr Innliif M fbky|* 

la Tuior-i^rver, St. Brtdi^f , of,a cinctr, Mr. and an omameol to tlie CMftlaa ihiflUby. 

Cha^an. an eminent coal ^Hicbapr. ' At Biltaricayy E^kk, Mr. VMiiiiaw,.ii^ ' 

8. Lady Moorc»fcKAof tbelatc Adn. Sir tornej-at-law, of liai>licc. 

f M. 16. At tbo OoMvol PoA oaks, FMHf ^ 

9 At Iflingtofi, Mr. Addbftoo, ^fMm^ A1Im« ef^, comptroller of tlie %jre anl crtA^ 

Ibir- ha ovrradtct in Mii^-ftrcec road |cttcr-«tt%«, and orpbeir to tfcie lift 

At Brtt, io no advancod 19^ the hog. Ralpb A. tl^. of l«ili, wbotrft gfttUSlMl 

>|r«. Marlcwnitby telt^ of tlie U«B Herbert croVi-pollt. 
44. efq. of OnoU caftU, co Gianinrpn. At SalitHiry, after • long aad f^lolWI cao* 

10. In Maoctacrter-bBildiota> John A^ ctrooi complaMit, Mn. Hancock, ^rtfc^ DCt 

pitiwty ef^. U. pbyfician, of that city. 

At Canterbury, Mrt. Tuckert reliA of ihd At Bory^ during a very vi'olcot Aenn of 

Jate hBv. John F ffe£t««r of Ringwoold, Kent, ihoodat and \^%vAn^ by a An* hill which * 

I a. At hii'brotb«r*f houfe, at Grccilorich, /cU io thcboofe, a«d fligh ly hurt hCT a^ 

Mr. Chfilt. Oiiver, aged 649 many ycaia tber, Mtry SJBglecoo.».^Tb9 MoiHog c;pi- 

taph to her oiroMlT it csU4(lc<' ftJoi thu 

HERE lict f otonod the birfy of 


.h yooog maiden of this parUb» 

Voro of Eomao Othoik poripUi 

and virtoonAy bro^ht npit 

vho being jo the od of 'praycri 

lepeatrag her vci^ifirty 

on emnent linen-draper in London. 

13. Ar MiKiard, Yotfc. Edw. Leedet, efo. 
At Yirk, aged 76, I^ivifoo Tcplady, cfi|. 

The war before laft he wae eapiain of tbe 
7id reffimcor of foot (the Duke of Rich- 
'mnnd'*!) vh < h cnrpt waa ao ib« onfortuoate 
ciipcdition to St. Cas, and aftenirard» at tho 
jrcio^tion of the Havanoahy p^eviout to which 
he h>ft an arm. 

14. Mr. Jonathan Goodman, of ClerJtcn- 

Awiy wi> h tne'of hb border. ** NOT Siloam*! rttinonn tower tho viAina 

Mr. John Vletcher^ yicar of Madeley, eo. flew, 

S«lop, anihof of 'a fermon on the vemaifcabk B caofii abi<«e the many, fion^d the Ihir t 
oflc^u ^ en earthqoake et the Birchci, in Nor here the ft'cd lighriilng wicak*d hbi 
B:ldwjs pariAiy in the night between May 
15 and a6, 1773 *i *^^ afpeara'*ce of 
which, as ic remained in the fommer of 1714, 
conveys in m'ioiato^ '.very esa^ idea of the 
dreadfal devaAatioo of Calabria on e brger 
Irate. Mr. Fletrh<*f fffeaihed 00 the fpot 

By nogeance fent for crime! mator'd hy e||e4 
For whim tbe tbuoder^i awfnl tokn tw 

The little lopplianc with i«f hands opecor'd 
Addiei8*d her God in preyere the prioft hail 


on tie Sunday following, a barrel Hit tnerey crav'd, and hit protcAieii foighe» 

him fur a deft \ and we are credibly in- 
formed^ that the patt.oa of his addreft, 
joined to the cifcem he was univerfiily held 
in. 'had a moft woooerfnl cffisft on hii 
croudrd audience, formed from the miners 
and bargrmea oJF Colebroiolc-dale ad||o'ntng, 
wno, I'^r the hdnvur of tbe company who 
cunoudt I be works in that d^lr, are re- 
markably iodu^riou* and orderly in their be« 
haeiour. Toe writer of th s article was 

Learn, reader, hence, th^t Wifdooi to a^ 
Thou cand noc (can, and itw niahoondlela 

Safe Aalt thuu be, if thou |i«tfoiin*i| hisert)l i 
Bietl if he fparef, nt4 Aom bleft IhoaU he 


17.' Mr. WillieiQ Hcole, an emiiwiit tan* 
oer near Shtffiek. Going to Setite Mr,' hie 
hoffe uo orionatcly ran away with htm neaf 

n.wch A ruck with rhe variety of the objcels ' Bradford, and threw him, by which-h* was 
he Kio^em Utrd on this feene Uft year: the brnifed in fo terrible a manner, thtthecir 
malhre ruirt of Bildwas ab^ey ; the Seirero fired foon after. 

driven ftom its natural ted; the hilkxks of At Norwich, Mr.Coeper, lermerly aeeiy 
C4rth rolled ftrwrd, and flopped like flag- eminent apoihecary, bnc who ha4 'f^r Mbc 
A«tidw4rrs$ the ruiot of the barn thlt ire* years retiree from tbe moft exfcnhvc prac- 
veiled incue, with iis onderpinninf | and the tice eter known in diet city. In |efleral abl« 
trceii, movrA oiit of iheir places, flill ftand- , litia^ end knowledge he waa fdpenorto ^eft 
'i:ig: and, as a fgrprifing escrtion of art, the, meOj in the ikill pecolia^ to his ^rsfcflibn, 
iron U d^> over the Severn at a height (uf« « ^•tnd -ell • the learoiog particnierly eoaadAsd 

f-^ V with it, he was inferior to none. In ibc dif- 

♦ bee >ul. XLliL p. 't%^ chaige of «kfy 4nry (0 it&ik^ til). Uine(s hut 


iflmiitd \m u»<iifWin<iin, h# bk»4t4 tbc boo. Cco'ge Gfrmiiafi VUcmaC SMk^iUe^ 

«dii Itato teahfiity with the fthaeft Jaf- Lof4 Bol^brc^k, doe of hit Ma)rfty*i moll 

tics, fit wat iirvtAtly gntdsl to Ooo for honourable PhfyCoancili Cltrk of tb^Coun- 

•11 iht hlcfMii of this lUs «i>h a pioty «n- ct! in lc«laiid« ooe of the fceepert of Ptxeofc 

j jiiM^ wjih. oii n i mi oo j Md • itiouon uo* Park, and a vicc-prrfidcu of tht Bncitfi 

i h itt — d wkh cotholiirfm ) aad bt irofted ia Ljrng-iJi HoffitaL-HFew chara^ra ban beea 

Che mardca pfooiM by ChriAiaBity m the oiore cbec^Mced .with rofal Catoiir and poh« 

iwt^i with a faith allayed by oa doobc» audi Ik diffrace thao bit iiordftip. Sarlv lo ttfr# 

M h«fc alevatad ^ ao^afoniptioB. Ai h t tbroogb tba tfeani of hia father the XMt^ 

own re%«aft he paid the fioe to be tsoiicd of IVwitt, who was the chofco Civoome ani 

fion lamof the oficea of nugKUacy, ia the convivial compaoiot of hit i»te M^cfty; he 

HMyoolty of the late John Kattcrfon, ef<^ «(at pnaiotcd to a high nak in tboi amy f 

And he hat left fifty poandi to the. chacity aad ia the war before lad was afpginteil 

ichool qf Su Pettr*! in Mancfofti of which commaodar io cbiff of the Bntiih foicci i^ 

Im waa a tnfteerand fifty poondl to the Otfrnanyi which nnk he held tilt the ne* 

Norfolk and Norwich hofpital^ of whkh he morablc battle of Mindea iovot^retf hit jLord* 

%ra8 « (iftvemor. 

i8. Samuel Richardfooi eff. of Lodlow, 

II. ia Howard-ftreet, by tht barfting of a 
hlood.veflcl, ia a violeat fit of couffhiag, EL 
Munroy a gendemaa of coafiderable property 
in Deron/hire. 

At BifarkVhally Eflex, Mra. Hoaeywood, 

ihip ia difgraca; with what jufiice^ ma/ 
hereafter be deWleped by futerr-^fiorianav 
whcD party Aall no kagar purfjie, aad iruik 
difpel. the mift of oUcaHity that hat lb loof 
clooded the bofinefa of that day. Aft^, 
howeYer» iacaniog tbc diigraca of hit Sovo. 
raignt who with hb own hand crafed hte 
name from the lift of hit Privy Coeocil bo* 

the vay rdrpeiftable relift of the late Ocn. H. fore hit gailt wat proved oo u>al» he mad« 

By his will hit latge efiate aow develvet to k t appeal to the public ia iiuch a aMitcrljr 

Fiimer H. ef<|. M.P. for Kent. defence, at lefk a doubt in the miada of m»of 

ai.'At Stoorhead, Wikt^ Mn. Hoare, of the joftice of that ceeit •martial whicte 

wife of Richard Co t H. efq. proooonced him incapable of efcr (crviog hie 

Agad 67, Jamiet Champain, cff. of Exeter. Majefty in a, military capacity. He then 

Aged to, the ret. Mr. Oanod, reaor of long remained anmeddting in pnblic befioc^i^ 

Belliead aad Coacy Wcftoe, hoth co. SoflT. during which time the criabracea Lady Betty 

a). Mr. Henry Whiu, ileward of Bride- Oenaaio^ (whofe witli Dean 

well aad Bathlem kefpitalt. Tbefe important 
trofta Mr. White etecuted with fuch fidelity 
end (uccelat aa rendered hit olScial department 

Swift the pahlic am aconaintcd' with) dymg^ 
hft htm a confiderable fort tUM» with the a»- 
aeird ci>nditioo of chaaging hia name- frooi 

hath afafol aad eiemplary. Hi# con4udt waa Sackville to Gerouine. Some yean after- 

iaun4ed oo pcinciplca of iotenity. , £very wards he waa rcfioredtoour Seven go^ la- 

ihieghe did waa the rofelt of lyficm. He Tour, aad, in Loid North's admioifiraciAia 

Wia accarace* methodical^ firm, ami rigeiy promoted to the rank of Aoicricao Sacietaryi 

true to hia appointments. I^ wu 00 the wherein he fimagly, evinced him>e*f the foe 

bioa4 boctf«i of invioLble (aebity, that he of American independence. At the rowtrd 

jiid the bufiucU of the Holpkala. B«C thefe of hit exertiooa ia office, wh-n lie retired he 

kabita of order and prudeoca did aoc impare wat promoted to a peerage^ when in title ha 

the le«fib)lity cf hit aaluri. He wat always lefamcd hia priftiae 
fend af 

which ao occ«fionty however pref- X% EV. Samuel Panridg-y South Mediety 

" ■ cow 

Di# PC ITS at tons* 

REV. Samuel Panridg'» South Med;ety of 
Ltvefton R. with BoAou V. both cow 

Rev. W.SrroDg, M, hold BilJinph^y 
R. with BulingbrJce cum Haieby V. buiu 

m.o't friend. His humanity wm a 
relief, which no cafe, however ne« 
cffiitoetf which ao occ«fionty however pref- 
fing, eahanftcd He lympathifcd with evety 
fufiRsrert end was aiwtyt diitnflcd when it 
waa aoc ia kit power to anfwer faikfa'dorily 
the dcfires of rvery fuppMaoi. 

At Frome»Ricb. Wiiioa»ei;|. Uvt of Lom- co. Lac. 
baid-fir. Rev. John Bigg» M.A. Groat Granfdrri 

$5« At Cnpar* Chirlet Bell, cfif. late Go- R- co. flaatingd4)n, <%ith Hardwicke R. co. 
•aradr af Cape Coaft CafiJt» aa tha Coaft of Ombridge. 
Afinca*. Rcr. Philip Paptlloa, Eythoro R. with 

tfi. Of aa inflamaiatioa ia kit bowcia, at K-nn'ngion R. both co. Kent. 
|iis (aet at SioaaAaad Ledft, So6ca, the ri^ *#* OtStr Ufta in our nest. 

Bill oi klM^if y tram Aej 
fZhrifie^ied* B«(iee. 

,^ala ;ilU/,' ., Malet ^\\\^.. 

jyhnipf haw died ante two ycait aid foj 



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3*^ a. 2 

f? Itll 



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« "-" M~l "-" ^ j 

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ii. ii.«f 






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The Gentlematis Magazine. 

9«( IB AiuiuUt nil sHitn Osifcti c(u aei VmI et tot DtfnB ird ipricr« 

70lMlrc-ll».■,er^u^ R.,— W;f- .,f R, 111. S< 


HTV-( 1 

t. Sh>'U. 

roI.DlarjforOfl.tjS*.— Pr.nfCi 

al Ani^CDOi'- (pt Ephrtim Chambers Tt-'j.i'r. rvurn on tn < 
.fihcDgich hilUrm«noY*mouih f.;.,k;ti.. l^Uihg.!— 
Dr. J-hiifon'^ Prjjtts— Dr W«Wi Lift 67iiF.ii.n,.s 
jChartfltr «f Mr. Pipe of Newhnty 67^'Su■l,j. Si riin.nmti.Jrri for Oiioid A'mtnid 

Eittanrdiniry FriAures— Simile In Horner 6i;;M.[I.I..^ in Mr). Bellaniv^ Aw.lojy 
,Conirftiit« on Afti IT,— CouJhurlt Oik C?:^ h.ior.-s Cj-ptiao Andrm'v— Cure f. i Iith 

i Iht Campieni— Hillotie Jnur.-jlb, &c, 6-i 

Dr. Doddfiil^t— Aidtn— Chinife I'lnoibcii h'i: 
UL>nki..n F»l»_Oion Dicrrr— SigiHi i%- 
S 3« Ff»s«f> "f DifioTtry in Seien« 61. 

lut Machine for nifmgW.tcr by Wmd 6g: 
LmcctDMr. Travijon Mr. Gibbon's Uuuk (t'ik 
Mr. Canton— Trig -.nomtiry Trafti. Jic. 
Walch of King Robert Sru», fpurlnui 
Whuhcott'i Detnilom - Lnrd AvWer £89 

Mr. Wfajr'tliiferirtion— B;ogr Knnnnlei 691 
3p. Scaburjr— ScoTch Hbnjgring H<lbopi &,. 
|. Knui Miollnl—VarieLT of Lintua^ei 69: 
It..mln Pig a Lead eiplained e<,} 

Sin£olar AnsJ'rtct nT Samuel Ynung £94 

' Ba&like— Two EpUaphi «l Bar/ 69, 

lUlog-e of N,w fublxaiioni 

EHl..i;.ie lor Mr,. B lli.nv— Odts 

rum C 

TriiilUiun uf Juxiiti, k.-. &:g. 

anj D..[iiei>:<: Kv»i, &c. 

frffermenlj, i:c. fcc. 


riAinSiiiLi.iv, GrirdP-lornfE 


By STL r jl N U S U R li J N . 

Lo>Da>, PiintcJ by J. NICHOLS, !« D. HKKRV, la! 

, !..> 

6;o MtUfrohgUal Di<iTj fir 6flober, 1 784. — Avtragt Pncet e/Cifti 













briihi >ni)col<l.> 





thin dcud., EwL 











t>*cr«ft ind Sill. 






flit, brift oIixL* 


fur, brik wind. 






ff.rrc*fl, b.rik .>bL 











clondi * bn, ftroar birib «|li 







oftiwft, hirHi, told lir.* 




dMi<li>'n<trua, mitdnttr. 









h«iy, briehr, »U cren. 












wfakc froft, Kt, ttii cod AtlL 






•hit^figa. h.iy.» 







wbHcdcw, fiir. 

hiif >nd A:ri. 




catd ind riw, To*, ftilL 








oTcnaft ind gloonir. 





doadv «nd Dild. 






cl«d. .nd h«m Vind. - 
rnd kthickilh i<:t.r.ird*«>^ 






• i7 





■ 37 


fair, nnaf b«tli wind. 




o>Mt«lt, bmrih Hind. 






svelidl, biifh vipd. 






D*«uft, milder ilr. 







onrc«A, nild aii, run. 

lionn,— t A few fttinjIinE fwilln^i «;■(«« iboBC ni 
Britt.~>4 CrMi profuGon of froii loi berries of ill I 
M>«. daring ibc bk»n.— > Mulbrrry leiiea ire Fallen. 
* Therm, u 7 o'ctsck 19. A hciry Ihnrer •( fnow, 
AIOK. — ' Srveril flighl fanner Ihewcn. 

•eiroB kidncy-bf isi *Bd Bctora. 
.—' A remarkable lute craf at 
li, a»ii| to ih* fiae mnhn in 
Harfe rbefaat learn fallici|.-. 
whith whitened tbe iraend (mm 

'H'heaiRye Barley OMiBtant 

London 5 "U 3IJ 6|» Jlj 1 








Konhun1i.TM. 4 1 







6 ao «i 4a 

{ 'Jl '.' S' 

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> • 

; ! 

WALES, Sept. s, ta Sept. lo, i7tj. 
North Wale* 5 9I4 i|) oji lejf 1 
S«tkW«k« , 4I] 10^ lit i.lj i 

I I ■ ll" 



I I t ■ I 


Gentleman's Magazine ^ 

For SEPTEMBER, 1785. 


Mr. Vrban, Sept. r. 

- -^^^^'^^ outlines of the life of vhe 
T w lateMr.EphraifnCh^m- 
\ 39C ben» which, if I had 

^ )6( 00c wanted time, I ihould 

W V^fiflBf Jt^ >^ ^^^ wanted inclina- 
M.^«W%^^ tioa to have tranfmitted 

to yo« iboner, tod in a better dref«t 
Tiie fa^, however, may be rcliad on ( 
and, if they affi»rd amufemeot to any of 
ywnr 'leaders, my end it anfwered, and I 
ih^l think myfelf fufBdeotly compcnr * 
ftted for my trouble. In the month of - 
January )a(t fome particulirs of Mr. 
Chamber»*s life were publiOied in the 
tlniverfil Magazine, which, at far as I 
can ftuefs, were colleded from fomc pa« 
pert in the hands of the bookfellen 1 the 
writer of that article has, however, been 
nyhnformed in fevcral iaftances, to rec- 
tify which, as well as to gratify the cu- 
riofity of the readers of the Gentleman's 
Magazine, are the motives which in- 
duced me to draw the enfuing iketch. 
Yours, &c. M— • 

'1 ■ 

Mr. Ephraim Charaben was the 
yoabgeft of three brothers % he was born 
at Kendal in Wenmoreland. His pa- 
reats, who are AiH remembered with re- 
fjx£k in that neighbourhood, occupied a 
(mail farm of their own at that place, 
fpcndiog an uaambkious life in a harm* 
Icfs and humble obfcurity. They were 
B<» quakers, as his been aflirmed, nei- 
ther were any of their children educated 
' IB that perfuafioo. 

He was i^t early to Kendal School, 
wbeia he received a ^ood clallical educa* 
Mi»«lodf by cuUivauog the rudimeau af 

knowledge, laid a fuitable foundation 
for thofe ftudies which afurwards diU 
tinguiflied him throueh life. 

His father, who had already placeil 
his eldeft Ton at Oxford, and whofc in- 
come was by no means fufllicicnt to fup- 
port a fecond in the fame expcn(ive line^ 
determined to bring up his youngeft fo^ 
Ephraim (vvlio was making a confider* 
able progrefs in his learning) to trade r , 
and he was accordingly, at a proper age, 
fent to London, and fpent fome time in * 
the (hop of a mechanic in the city $ but 
having a perfedk avcrfion to the bufi- 
nefs, and, young as he wa9, having 
formed ideas not at all rcconcileable to 
manual labour, he was removed from 
thence, and tried at another bufinefs, 
which was full as little conformable to ' 
his inclinations ; and when tliat attempt * 
would not fucceed, he was at laft fent to 
Mr. Scnex, the globe •maker, where he 
fcrvcd a regular appienticelhip. 

This place was exactly fuitcd to hit 
difpoiicion, as he had li^re abundant op» 
portunities of gratifying his thirft for li- 
terature, a pailion which daily became 
moie predominant in him, and whidi hit 
maAcr, encouraged partly by the hopes 
of mnking him ufetul to himU^f, and 
partly by a mure gCnerous motive, re- 
iolved to gratify : fo that, during his ap- 
prenticefhip, he was very feldom fcea 
behind the counter 1 and indeed his la- 
bours in the clufet turned to a much bet- 
ter account, and amply repaid his mailer 
for this indulgence. 

During tlii;, period he obtained a per- 
fe£^ knowledge of mod of the modem 
languages ; atid here it was he fiiildiC- ' 
covueU the r^>ark« ot \!tvix ^'txCxNw ^^VxOa 


6?2 l,(:inal Biographical Anecdotes of Ephraim Chambfrs. 

a*^ I .' «r<l<> liphicH up the torcli tif infor- 
niAii. r. tci p< I'tctitv, »nd m-dc him fo 
CO l-^ CLif-ii'- \\\ the rcpu'»'fc rtt lettfiji. 
■ From this ifcrnur it will tafilv be 
corclu e ". that M>. Chami»cn mack ro 
cnnfiiiciahlc impipvcment in tht technical 
part o\ ihc hufincfv, hiv niin(« was loo 
much cnerofl'cd hv his Hud ts to ptimit 
him fo pav'much attention to nicchanical 
acquifitions 5 fo that, when hi> appren- 
ticcfhip expired he was indted a cood 
gcn^?''phcr, but I very indifferent globc- 

A'^ foon as he left Sencx he took 
chamlxirs in Giav's Inn, he kept 
as lonp as he lived, anc* where he gene- 
rally refided. Aucr fome years of fe- 
vere appHcation, in which hi& conflitu- 
tion'fuft^iincd an irreco'-erable fl)ock, he 
publi0«ed the 6r(l edition of his Cvclo- 
paedia, a wc: k which the mathematician 
places with his Euclid, the mariner with 
hi> Compafs, and the divine with his Con* 
cordai.ce, and indeed all profefTiont fecm 
to look upon it as the moll valualjle book 

• 1 ■ 11 CV* J • t * 1_ * * 

in their colle£lion, and in which oriffi- 
nality and perfe6lion feem more clufely 
€onne£)^ed than in any other publication. 
It was dedicated to his late Majedy ; and 
^r. Chambers had the honour of pre- 
fentine copies of the worjc in very ele* 
gant bindings to the King apd Queen, 
which produced him {be Jmile of royal 

Some years afterward*, when he was 
in France for the recovery of his health, 
he received an intimation, that if he* 
^ould publifh a new edition there, and 
dedicate it to Louis the Fifteenth, he 
would be liberally rewarded ; but thefe 
ptopofals his Britifh heaic rcc«ived with 
difdain, and he reje£lcd the teazing foli- 
citation of men who were provoking him 
fo a foniid retractation of the compli' 
Xiients he had paid to his lawful fovcreign. 

His lile was one continued fccnc of 
improvement, andUiis a£live ideas were 
inccirintly prefenting hinri with fome new 
fchcme to fcr\e the public : at the time 
of his he had prepared materials 
for icvcn additional volumes, which, 
had he lived, wouM have made their ap- 
pc.i nee In a few years. His papeis, 
vhich were very numerous, at his death 
fell into the iiands of the bopkfelleis, 
aind were by them comciucteo to Mr. 
Scoit, n order to prepare a Supplement 
to ihc Lvclopxdia. Kiom An. bcotc's 
abilities much was to l>c expvclcd ; but 
his fu den introdufiiun to a place at 
court pieci'ud d IiMi. truui biiiii^ir the 
i)ulinch to a cojaciuiiuA. The uii^ wat 

then ifVgned to Dr. Hill, and; it if mDcK 
to ( e lamented, was executed 19 a maiH^ 
ntT fi fhcicnilv indicative of the caielcfP' 
nefs and fe]f-<i>fliciency of the compiler. 
He was a trJerable botanid, and he nn.adc 
fui'h a u^^ of his knowledge, as to ren* 
dcr :l.c woik rarher a Gardener's Calen- 
dar, than a Supplement to a DiSionaiy 
of Alts and Sciences. 

I have already mentioned Mr. Chaip# 
bers's going into France for the benefit 
of his health ; even in that fiiuation, al- 
thoui>h reduced to extreme weaknef* by 
a he«^ic complaint, hi^ a6>ive fpirit would 
not fortake him, his oblcrvaticMi was ever 
empioved, ^nd he has left l>ehind him a 
manufcript account of his travels, which 
he intended for the pref», and is now in the 
poflcHion of iome of his family *. He rc- 
tur' ed from France in the autumn of the 
year 1739, little better for his expedition. 

The Cyclopaedia was not tne only 
produ6lion of Mr. Chambers's laboun 2 
during the time he continued whh Mr, 
Senex he wrote foi; mod of the periodical 
publications { ^nd, towards the end of 
his life, he was engaged with Mr. Mar^ 
tyn, then botanical profeOTor at Cam? 
bridge, in coUe£ling and preparing for 
the prefs the '< Philofophical Hiftory 
and Memoirs of the Royal Academy of 
Sciences at Paris," which was afterwardi 
publiflied in 5 volumes, Svo. 

It has been hinted, that Mrl Cluunbcn 
was not treated in the moll liberal man* 
ner by the bookfellcrs with whom he wai 
concerned 1 but this was far from being 
the cafe, as he experienced the moft ge- 
nerous behaviour from them. Mr. 
Longman in particular ufed liim witi 
the hberality of a prince and the tender- 
nefs of a father ; his houfe was ever opea 
to receive him, and when be was there 
nothing could exceed his care and anxiety 
over him , even his natural abfence of 
mind was conluited, and, during his ill- 
nets, jellies and other pi o|)er reCrcflinentt 
wci:c induflrioufly lett lor him at thole 
places where it was l^aft likely he (hould 
avoid feeing them. 

In the Ipring of the year 1740 his dif* 
order grew worfc, and he died calmly on 
the i5ih ot May at Canonbury Houle iu 
Iflington, and wa* buried in the cIoy(lcra 
in WcAminllcr Abbey 1 where a marble 
flab is to be feen with a Latin inlcriptioQ 
written by himfcU. 

By his will it appears that he was no| 
in low circumdances, and iliat the only 

* Pfobably Sif W, Wolfley, vho marrie4 
hi» aicce. 

Original Biographical JtucdiOs rf Ephraim Cbambers. 679 

iri all his writings which coDveyi an oF« 
feofive idea to i pious ear. in(idclicf 
acd fcepticirm arc contagious ; and 1 be- 
lieve it impoflibtc for a man, who la* 
hours under a dillemper of this nature^ 
to write fo extenfivc a wotk without 
{pitting out his venoni at fonnc unguard* 
ed palfiige or other. But I am not let- 
ting up for his apologifl ; 1 woulu only 
with to naodcratc the zeal of thofe who, 
without knowing more, or perhaps fo 
much of his chaia6iery as myfelf^ have 
been Vro prompt and hafty in accufmi^ 
him i and, under tlie colour of advocates 
for Kcligion, are venting their choice 
againA a man, who fL-emed, outwardly 
at IcalV, a favourer of levelatioa, and a 
diligent and fimple enquirer after truth. 
It is a certain fatV, that when one of hit 
f riedds intimated to him an intention of 
gomg to hear Oiacor HtJiley^ fhc tafhi* 
onable unl>eiiever o^ that time, hu la- 
boured hard to ditfuaoe him from it, by 
faving, ** You aic now iati^fied ; why 
then, in God's name, (hoaid you p.ant 
thoins in vour own hreall?" 

Thai he was without Uuits, I dare not ^ 
fav \ but that he liad as kw as motl >iicny 
1 ihink myfeU juUided in ftirmin^. If 
he was irajii facility we niav add, tamen 
ut placabitii ejlgt. it he \\as waum and 
baJlVt he was open ami ingenuous, gc- 
Derou**, and forgiving j and, with lb :na* 
Oy uoo(t qualities, a little naruiai warrrith 
and impciuoliiv ihould be overlooked. 
Alas ! who is there that can lay his hand 
to his heart and lay, / am cltanf 

His writings w;.re thofe ot a man who 
had a found judgement, a clear and 
ilrong memory, a rcauy inveniion, aa 
cafy method of arranging his ideas, and 
who neither ipared time nor trouhlc* 
Hik life was ipeat rather in the company 
of hooks than men, and his pen was 
oftcner employed than his tongue ; his 
Ayle is in general goo<i, his cletiniiion^ 
clear and unattested : in language he 
applied rather to the judgement than the 
ear ; and, if he. has (>een cenfured for 
baldocfs, it has been by rhoic who do 
not know the difficulty of technical ex- 
preliion, and of writing at once for the 
icholar and the artificer, the prince and 
the peafant. In his cpillolary corre- 
fpoodence he was lively and cafy, as will 
appear by the fpecimens 1 Ihail lend you. 

As he lived generally beloved, fo he 
died univerlally regretted : his life was 
indeed without tlie eijjoymcnis of tlie 
rich, and it was without their vices alio. 
If he If^ft no wealth, he Iclc no rcvikrs 
bchmd liim , elcvau-d maiks of diiliiic- 

flebt he owed was to bis taylor, for a ro- 
^uelaure. 1 his will, it has been fnid^ 
was never proved ; but I am pretty con« 
lldent it is to be found in the Commons. 

Hi? generofity to the poor was infinite- 
ly greater than his attention to himfclf \ 
he icarccly knew what an indulgence 
meant, and indeed » {s^ great was his 
temperance, that, 1 ke Dr\ den's good 
prief^ h$- made almoft ajiu oj abftineuce. 

An intimate tnenii, who called on 
Mr. Chambers one merning^ was aiked 
by him to (lay and dine : '* And what 
uill you give tie, Ephraim ?" fays the 
gentleman ; ^' I dare engage you have 
nothing for dii^ner." Tu which the good 
tnan calmlv replied, *' Yes, [ have a 
fritter; and, if you'll Oay with me, TU 
have two." 

inaumtive to himfclf, he had always 
the (.lie and happiuLfs of his VtUow- 
cre<«rureK at hcari. Being one day preil 
bv a (ntiid to uiarry ; and on its being 
rcprcfuntcd to him. that he would then 
have a pcrfon to look aftci him, which 
his health requ red, and his negK£t of 
himfelf demanded ; lie repUcd (omewhac 
harnh, *VWhat! Ihall 1 ma^e a woman 
miicrable to contribute to my own cale ? 
For miferiAble (he mud be the moment 
ihe gives her hand to fo unfocial a being 
as myfelf." 

I| has been faid, that Mr. Chambers 
was not recoinpenced fuitahly to his de- 
fenss >nd it is in fome meafuie true: 
but, when we coiifider that he w^s a (iiigie 
Bian, with few want^, and f«wcrwilhes; 
imd that he received continual marks of 
attention and civi.ity trom his friends, 
and by their afnftance was enabled to live 
happily, and to purfue thofe ftudies which 
^ere mofl congenial witti Ids inclina- 
tion!, and thai he might undoubtedly 
have enjoyed more of the fuperfluities of 
life, if he had been fo difpofed, he can 
fcarccly be deemed unfucceisful. 

In him we may behold a man, who, 
under all the difad vantages of birth, un- 
fupported by riclies, and unpatronifcd by 
the great, made his way through all thefe 
•bftacles; and, by his own intrinfic abi- 
lities and affiduity, became the obje& of 
general notice and admit ation. 

It hai been ohferved, that in his reli« 
gious fentiments he leaned too much on 
the tide of infidelity : be that ai it may 
(|and Tarn really incHncd to think he was 
nr more onhodox tlian is generally re- 
. prciented), he was extremely cautious of 
propagating opinions which min ht in any 
degree tend to invalidate the teUitnony of 
rpVciatioD* J do not Rcoll^fi; a fvat^ncc 


674 Jmual Vifit of tbi Dutch Fifhcrmn u Yarmouth* 

ibn from the rich and greit he neicher 
coveted nor enjoyed , cfmtemntrt honons 
^^orthf ft in fiiffo totus tires at^ui rO' 
tundus. Emulation, Mr. Chamlicrs well 
knewy was the dirc£^ road ro calutnnyy 
and he was too fenfible a man to barter 
peace ol mind for popularity. M. 


Sm Aef0U9t (f the Annual Fi/it of th§ 
Dutch Fi/bermen t9 Yarmoutlit as f^- 
Jirved this Tear, 

S the Dutch always more with greit 
. regularity* it was well known at 
YariDOUvh, thai they would put to fca ac« 
cording to cuftom, on Wcdnefdayy Sept. 
14. The wind was then fair, (b that 
they were expc^ed the next day ; but it 
changedy and kept them liack. On Fri« 
day noon n)any were looking out for 
thero from the walls ) and at length they 
were dcfcried in the hurizon, fonning a 
long line oppolite the town. They fooa 
•pproachedr and their yellow fails were 
diftin^lhiul, illuminated by the fun. 
Sometinscs a flron^ gleam ot li^bt ren- 
dered the fail plainly vilible, whiic the 
hull was yet concealed beneath the 
waves ( when it appeared like a flake of 
gold riBng out of the fea. With the af- 
ternoon's dde they beean to enter the 
bavcn's mouth ; and 1 think I never was 
more pleafed than with feeing them pro- 
^ed| one after another, up the river to 
the town, which is about two miles, all 
open to the view. As they arrived, they 
moored along a quay juft without the 
Ibttth gate, in a regular line, with their 
beads to the ihorc, and their fides touch* 
ing each other. 

Thtfe fcbuyts (we call them Jkoots) 
are {mall decked vclTels, with a fingle 
mail, and a running-in boltfprit. They 
arc nearly flat bottomed, with lec«bOards, 
and extremely broad heads and flerns, 
which are adorned with painting. Their 
fails have a yellow dye, which is fup- 
pofcd to prtferve them, and cenainly 

fives them a gay appearance ; and they 
ave all ftripcd pennants. Tl)e crew 
ufually confifts of eight men and boys. 
Of thefe velTels, about fifty -two came up 
this vear. All of them arrived in the 
courte of Friday evening ; and at night I 
took a walk to view them by moonlight. 
The long line of mafls cxa£ll>] uniform, 
the yanU and furled fails difpofcd in a re- 
gular row, the crews fitting on deck with 
their pipes, cahnly cnjo\ing their repofe, 
and converfing io founds Orange and un- 
known to mt, all tugrther impicllcd my 
imaginatigfi iu a molt furciUc but pleaU 

mg manner. I particularly admixed iSic' 
quitt and order that reigned amoDC fq 
large a nuipher. Each crew fccmed likt 
the fober family of a cotta^ when la- 
bour is done, and a fcrene fummcr*! 
evening invites them to iic abroad till 

On Saturday the ftreets were fprinkliMl - 
with parties of Dutchmen, eafily diftin- 
guiihed by their round caps, ihort jack* 
ets, and moft capacious breeches. They 
went al)oix making their purcbafesi 
which chiefly coofift of very coarfe becf^ 
gingerbread, a few toys, and fome cooi* 
mon utenfils. In thefe they lay Out % 
moderate fum, paying their own coin, 
which the Rotterdam traders exchanga 
and carry bick. They receive a good 
many halfpence for their pipes and cried 
flounders, which people buy out of cuiVs 
oiicy ; and this kind of tranic lalls while' 
they fuy. At night (bme alehoufcs oq 
the quay arc thronged with them ; and I 
found that liquor could make them al* 
moft as noify as Englifli fulors. I heard, . 
however, ot no quarrels, either amoiig 
pne another, or with our people. 

The enfuing Sunday is termed, by 
way of diflinttion, the Duteb Sumi^^ 
when all the country round, at far at 
Norwich, flock in to fee the fhow. The 
Dutch, who are the fpe£^acle, do honour 
to their viiitors by decorating theiy 
fcbuyts with flags in the gaycft manner 
tliey are able. As it happened to be fip^ 
weather, the fcene was extremely plea- 
fant. The whole length of the quay 
was crouded by people of all ranks ii| 
their beft apparel. On the Deftt^ whic^ 
is a fine verdant common, in form of a 
tongue, between the river and the lea, 
were featured varioas walking and rid- 
ing parties, efpccially many of the vehiclet 
called Tarmoutb carts. The Dutch 
vclTels formed their gay line in fronts 
in the rear was a large fleet of (hips* 
failing majeflically through the Roads^ 
and illuminated by the ietting fun. Ic 
was a view equallv ftriking and Hngulari 
and fcarcelf , 1 believe, to be inatched in 
any part of the kingdom. At pight fome 
parties of Dutch went about the flreets 
bawling a tune ; but whether they meane 
it for plalm or fon^-iinging, I could not 
diicover. In their own country they 
have much lefs of the puritanical gloom - 
inefs in their Sabbath than we, with al} 
our licentioufnef^, have.retained. 

On Monday they continued laying \\ 
their provifionc; and on Tuefday tuey 
fell down the river and put to fea, (landr 
ing northwaids. The sift is always the' 


Uuich Fsjbirmm at Yarmouth.^-^Dn Johnfon*$ Prayers. 679 

«My for mHttingtbeirmtSf or commencing 
the fiihery. This annual vific it a wel- 
come thing here^ not only on account of 
the mbney they fpend chemfelres, but 
.from the conflut of llrangers brought 
hither bf the novelty of the fpe&acle. 
Though the I>utch are not the moil fo- 
ciable people in the world, yet fuch an 
ilitercourfe cannot but tend to ftrcngthcn 
the connection between two nationi^ 
which ought never to be at variance. 
For my part, 1 could not help feeling 
cmotioni of good*will towards pcrfons 
xifho had eontnbuced fo much to my en- 

^ i muft add, that, independently of this 
eircum(Unce» Yarmouth Quay is peculi- 
aR'Iy bufy and lively at this icajfon, on ac- 
count of the fitting out of s great num- 
ber of fifliing veuels belonging to the 
ttywn, for the aniiual harvefl of herrings. 
Many cobUs too from the Yorkfhire 
coaft put in here, t'd wait for intelligence 
cbnceming the appearance of the Ihoali^ 

.Yarmoutb, Stfti %%. 

IMk. Urban, 
N extenuation of Dn Jotinfon*s foibles 
refpe£ting two of the culprits, p; 49 7^ 
it may be urged, that though he had been 
long acquainted with the lecond, lie did 
not difcover the man till very late. It is 
well known to feveral of fars friends, 
that for more than the laft thineen 
inonths of hil life all intercourfe bet«(^ixf 
them Wis at an end| and a ttnewal, 
though folicitedi was reje£)ed on the 
patt of the Dr. The no-notice of him, 
either in his will, or at his funeral, far- 
ther corroborates this, if other proof were 
Wanting. In a word, he feems to have 
configiwd him over to the folitary patron- 
age of a roan, w1k)> to ufe his own 
ivords, '* if fallhood flatters his vanity, 
will not be very diligent to dete£^ it." 

Yours, &t. X. Y. 

;Mr. VrIS aK, If^fnuich Cldfi, Sept 7. 

BE pleafed to infert the following let- 
ter in your Mifcellany. It latc^ ap- 
{Mired in one of the Norwich papers i 
md, i have the bed authority for inform- 
ing you, was written by ihe learned Dr. 
Samuel Parrj v^, in vigour of under- 
ftanding, and benevolence of heart, 
dbiely refemUes the mat character 
whoTe work he fo (IroDgly recommends. 
The friends and executon of the de- 
ceifed Dr. would have done well to have 
#f6ployed this gentleman in writing his 
lifH# St he IS cenainly one of the few 
who are fully capAblo •f roeafuring lo 
iRjuaiiiiB^ C. T. 0< 

To tht Printtr <f thi Norfolk Chronicle. 
'* PE.RMIT me, as a friend to tho 
caufe of virtue and religion, to recommend 
mofl eamcllly to your readers of every 
clafs the ferious perufal of Dr. Johofon't 
<' Prayers and Medications," lately pub* 
liihed. They mark, by thcmoft unequivo* 
cal and vivid proofs, the finccrity of hit 
faith, the fervor of his devotion^ and the 
warmth of his benevolence ; they are e^ 
(jually intelligible and equally inflruc* 
tivt to the learned and the unlearned % 
they will animate the pietv of the Ciirif- 
tian, and put to (hame the coldnefs and 
obduracy of the proud philofopher j i\\ef 
fhew at once the wcaknefs and the 
ftrength of Dr. Johnfon's mind \ but that 
wcaknefs melts every attentive reader in« 
to companion, a(nd tbat (Irength impref&t 
him with veneration. He that poficdet 
both integrity of principle, and tender- 
nefs of feeling ; he that admires virtue, 
and reveres religion ; he that glows with 
the love of mankind, and repofes hit 
trud in God} will himfelf become « 
wifcr and a better man from contemplat- 
ing thofe thoughts which paflfed in the 
mind of one of the wifeft and the heft o£ 
lifen, wlied he communed with his owa 
heart, and poured fonh his fuppltcattoot 
before the Throne of Heaven lor mercy 
and for grace* A. fi.". 

Mr. Urbah, 

I N^ your lad Magazine, p. €01, I ob* 
ferve a note containing this query— 
"Has the Life of Dr. Watts boeii 

firinted with notes in any detached pub* 

I take the liberty to inform yon that 
it has within the fpace of a month -or 
two. The title is as follows : '^ The 
Life of the Rev. Ifaac Watts, D.D. by 
Samuel Johnfon, LL D. with Notes 
containing Animadvcrlions and Addi- 
tions," &o. &c. I a^rec with your corre* 
fpondent, that the author has given proof 
both of his piety and candour in tba 
manner in which he has written the Life 
of Dr. Walts, whofe fentimenrs, both in 
religion and polirics, were widely different 
from his own. But the editor has, in 
my opinion, made various remarks in 
the notes on this valuable piece of bio* 
graphy, which arc worthy attention. 
The addition to the charafler of Di • 
Watts feems to be juft and important ; 
and what relates to his lad fcntimenis 
about the Trinity (whrch have been va.« 
rioudy reprofcnted) is cuf^ous and deci . 
five. The copy of the MS. fubjftinc4 
i; undoubtedly authentic. 

tji tharaatr ef thi htt JUr, Page */ Newbuty.' 

' I amnntinclintd tn(hr|<iiic Dr. Juhn- 
lfi'--\ piotv. ai.difcQviiirtI in his Pro/«rj 

latpJi ['iiiiliftitil i hm I ihi;ik mur cor- — /-■' - "— "■■'■■■? •"■ ieh h d* 

reii-nntnit hat txcnllid himfelf too '''■'»J"««n pt,.we co.f Umtnt. Hit loft 
JIn.nK'-. in n»^r.l to tliv (tndency of """* ** '-"I ""■/•" '«" ■»«■■>€ .1.,,. 

- of 1 w*^\c^\ .urn of ini.ul ;■' .ind I i„ ^h^Sl^K.l Z' ^TT f'. '""''" '**" 
«R fcatfuf kit fuch perform ftoukl ra- m. " .V^ f . T™i d,[7i.'it,I!^''V'"' 
th.r be difpofrd to turn imo ridicule «,nft«,|y clltd opoa » .« ..bitr.cor, «• 
fene rrm^rks 10 the Dr.'. Jouri'at, iMW, tnd >. .. o,xt,A,ut in ik« 
tthicli faiiJiir i.f lupcillUMn. It wouM cammilSon of ine reicc. He sii hufloiind 
kill: b- 1 •! n It t" tiie b'>nou[ a! Dr. ""'h tl" uqdiii»»re ud fii-ndAip af tfat 

ioliiii:..!, /id iif religion, if tlitlt had Wit in ihctnanlTf wbo fu^ht hi*' 
i.n lu;^j>rUl. I. "«iB«)t U n>iih irhc 4i« thiirtj .n.-t witb> 

A^ m till- lines in Dr. Young's 5th "."■ """i"! » filrenood it mar toaflncd, 
S::>ii-, I :ini int. .iinonv ininy who arc '"'"*»' ""(iiliei «i n .*«l^ by jieoplt 
fulls i.t Cujd.dthat Dr Wktli ivai t!ie °' M™" "" (ni»lUrMmi«t,o«. 00 ■'! dif- 
prri...; K,rux.t.-d I d>, i.ut <vondcr ch»t i'Th'-"''"' V'^i, "' ""^J™* ""'•"" 
fc, Ynu.n Ih.mld huvc b«n b.ickwsid L " 7L„~-«?«'*'' k ^" "="""«'r 
I ,1 < 1 . I I .• >. '""' *■>' tc'uoa.tndMiuB had uri* urccht 

n,..k,..«,s: l;u< 1 l.e,e»eihe f„.h= i.r,i.,nf «,r c„did.r*.*^He VJu 

liM,, are iiut omiULd m iny Ld.tiun ot much l,t«l, an 1 Lit tanTiTiwii lb fucceA. 
hii ««il(s. Tl-.ii «nuld h.Hi: b«!n lul, thMihe parlbe i«jkiaaconte«e* tfce- 

thiio.Kl.i a liici' ail;ri;»l<.-J^cilitnt of (he lian far the coaniy enfgred it to a gcoihoiw 

iili er..lily ..iih »tiii:h he been of grtit worth, wha wonli not ha*c loM 

char^td, and of uhich he had region to abiuiiu lollcit <ht fnehohlerifadhdr wtrt, 

be alL^mcd. Yourt, H. S. Bciore the fiena or fnffm-i Aont lb wami* 

■iwn bim, he ini|hi have Sni (if ih* dafital 

Cbttano cf lU lai, SU.Vaci af Kewbo^. •I'ufioo n aol pt.amic), ■ th«,h I an not 

.1., MrO'-iaupj, e J49. '"'' "rfelf. I haae inflatBce o»et Ihofe (hat 

T7R'*NI-'i^ KAl E,-iv«-sinetroBaiwelI •" "'b." Hi wji late arsata nine and ptt. 

P liT.i:i»ni,>;.-ii. .MTf--:it,ia..Bjon*in '»-»in» toofidio.e •hsie he mn unf\ojti, 

{TlBWiMcianty .1 i.i'rlti H 1 Bteful talrnit «« ''»'' » '«o«iuu" numory, and 1 ptAafita 

and |>«:(.«in^ ap, !»aii.M ^p bum-«f. inibicd ''"su'i'n, which only wjnitd ilie enp^aGl 

himtDcrcit > Miiuii rut hiiniell aad bU "'uu^mO. He had a cleat and • dtcp head, 

UmWi. He Iiiic-<Md>n auiftvfthe M^n< *"'*<■ earellent nclhod of making diffiealt 

tiie then.** 1 r lai.i a.wn, aud l:ii (iicca'c FJ'"f' «*'•' «'" »» tommoD underftjndiaii: 

Huoi »«« g.'n<r.llj cru-ncd with 1i.ccalf, H»t.™ld i. k up or Jowo -o ih* tjpachictof 

beeaute ihcv v.trt fmiukd ii ;>...d fenfe ud '"'"'»- "" propofali and eorcrppiom wcra 

in f..«rT.-hi. He «>i a lufEiient miller of •'"'•y •ndofto*'. He knew Ihi afTaira af 

(liihTiii.r fur e>l ul.<!>un ud compuiatiaD. '"* •"><^* "T •e'lt '"d the thariCteri. cir. 
A [smaiou lch>«> i.'u a.iini «■ eogugh fw 
hii purpofe uf irn-.i farhind the euunitr. 

Hif Uftatit »M '0 r-,: m nry. A Owp »iU « ""d- **" "'(tt hai« niM himwi ra ■ 

(.irdiue a dionci ( he ur-jcet of nintiy-nin* «'Eh(r nak in lila, if tu> amh.tioD had M 

out uf iha huncrrS it aankind) fooiiir ihao -""" " "• ^* l»^ 00 anniiBiy iHn at ha- 

■ lltuaiy. It.1i, It lnmrr I'mo of laifurt, be ">E purfue' by enty ur calumay. Hia ind«W 

im^r. ved lai |r.lifi(d bimlelf in raadinf ["■^"t foiiune uncoted biai fr«m twh^ 

Knfiiih bo k*. el *i .b he made a (ood cot- e.ini.derfll ai « fanciful irajeclor. Hii ae- 

Ittlion. He .uriL.'lLu.i.aiiy el ib> pupulat ■■•< niind waa cnatiouaDj inupitd i* dii«^ 

BubinJlidni. A- b: .d.anied in hit, be had '"« '•« •'(►" ">"" to the n|ht enda, as h* 

■he luiclici, iR h ' ' ihcyi 10 Loii>.on, to Ibinitht them. When he died, he Dad-mbi. 

hot ID 'cb Ki II LOih hrurea uf padia ■-"} '>*4 bi head and hii handt full of hi' 

mioi, ui »hi.h lie ■. .'t ■ . hi-mt 10 hii friiBoi ""•I' •*! lomidEd adranlagei for oihert, baa 

a good dcouni. I'c o-tci la led to id- ihe "' *'^b were tcady for pirtiameniaij co^ 

tliciret, and 10 ae^u e a grtai deal "I dta- '"'"■"oo. The wnter of Ibii hafty dutch, 

m.iic kr.ow;edte. A I'lllctiioDol lown ima- ■■'" bad petfefl knowlediarf him for noH 

!» DiiLe roK lalnin^ re,.iilai.taiinn( 'n the >"'<> '■>""1 y<*n> (and kiwvi of no inpcr- 

(ouo'iy. He wrote .n tacdlrni hand f but fetkHui in hii motal or comiocniai charifttr) 

U which hit gramoiar j: d ,uiie>u'tiun w.rc ihuscuB.luG«i what he hai to fayofbiieU 

GUI eqiul. Hewai hcw-ver tnataicd to cob> f'ieod, ihji, in hit opinion, no one. La bid 

duahi-rltlf without i>.c e pruy pritetmnf. *»lkoflife, hiiionemoit to be talked of. 

He ytSeOci a ^at eta uf pebic fpin'i, ud orlo be ihinkcd fat, or hat asproied hin- 

^ wtt libeiii <.! 111. ..:. -. h.i nonry, aod ■■" • gre'iai benclaOoi to tWe anonift 

bii eaexii'nt fur pi „ , ■i\ •u.aii'.^ti and whoin he lived, fvr the third pan of aecntuiyf 

gCDcral accuiBBiMaLiai.t, Ue U leaded |« ihc ibuUr. Page ol Ntwbuiy. Mimo**. 

EictraortliHary Franures.^'-^Simli in Homer. 


Mr. Urban, ^«S' ^' 

OP Hie mofl cxtraordiotry cafe perhaps 
ever feen in this country 1 have 
been a(i eye-witoefs to-day. It is of 
1 poor labouring man's wife in the pa-» 
rilh of Dalinghoc, near Wickham-mar- 
ket, in Suffolk, whofe name is Mary 
Bradcocky and from ^%l\pm I received 
t^e following lingular narrative : That 
in the fevere winter of 1783 fhe was 
Teized with pain in mod of her limbs, 
which ibe attributed to cold and the 
Thetioittifm ; when one day walking a- 
croft the houfe, fiie tripped her foot 
iliohtly agatntt a brick, and was fur« 
prized to nod her leg broken near the 
ankle,— Before (be was perfe£lly reco- 
vered from this accident flie became 
•pregnant, and, growing weak and infirm^ 
was adifted by her bufband in getting 
out of bed, when bcr left thigb*bone 
'foapped 10 pieces, ^^ithout any other 
force than its own weight falling againft 
Lis back \ (he was fafely delivered by an 
experienced gentleman of the faculty | 
mficr which her left arm was fraflured 
near the flioulder, by putting it over an^ 
afliiUnt^ neck to get out of bed —This 
likewife formed a callus, and grew well. 
She then found her right tnigh*bone 
broKen as (he lay in bed, very high up 
near uie hip, as it was alfo, tome time 
after, lower down towards the knee.— 
Her collar-bone has likewife feparated 
without any accident or violence. Her 
right arm has met with the fame misfor- 
tune by only lifting a pint bafon off a 
table. She now lies with the third 
fra^ure of her right tiiigh, which hap- 
pened lad Sunday, from being gently 
ratfed in her bed, at or near the part by 
her knee before broken and callufed. 
The hones are permitted to grew toge* 
^r in an irregular manner, with the 
affidance of bathing and l>andage only, 
as an extenGon of her limlH would en- 
danger breaking them into twenty 
pieces. So deplorable is this unhappy 
woman's fituation, that tiiey dare not 
move her to make the bed for fear of 
breaking her bones. She is 32 years 
oidf of a delicate make, lax Bbre, fair 
Oomplexion, and pale- brown hair; has 
had eight children, and always lived 
a (bber temperate life, and never took 
medicines of the mercurial, or any 
kind, but has generally enjoyed a fair 
Ibare of health. I here does not appear 
any evident caufe of this lingular phae* 
nomenon.— Before the bones break, ibe 
aAwaya compluns of pain on the very 
GMUr.'lAAQ^Sipttmkir, 1785. 

fpot fcvcral weeks, which keeps increa- 
fii;; till thev fnao, and then eoes o^ in 
a tew days, and the bones unite in hve, 
fix, or feveu weeks* Sjie has now a 
frcfh piin fcized one arm, that (lie cx- 
pt£ls will terminate in a broken l>oi»c. 
Thii poor woman has had eight frac- 
tures within a year and half, ftven of 
which beftl her in the lal\ twelve 
months^ and all without any external 
caufe to attribute them to. 

The curious, humane, anc^ charirahlc 
have a fingular opportunity of cxcrcifing' 
their philanthrophy, by enquiiing of 
Mr. Samuel Thompl'on, of Charbfield, 
who will dire£^ them to this cottage of 
hopelcfs mifery and want. 

To prevent the difbclief that ufually 
accompanies anonymous iingularities, I 
take the liberty of figning my name and 
place. W. Good w i n ,/»>(» ^//, 

Farl*Soham, SuHolk. . 

THE following is a critique ona (imile 
in Honler, Iliad VI 11. 555 — 552^ 
alluded to in p. 612. 

" Add this to the juft remark * oT a 
late writer concerning fimplicity of flyle, 
and you will perceive the rcafon, why. 
. . . '. the moon (hines fo much brighter, 
and every liar is feen fo dillin6tly, and 
the heart of the ibepherd, that t«, < f 
Uc£lor himfcif, (the fafiorftfuionm) 
rejoices, when he views the thouiand 
fi es kindled in the camp of the Trojans* 
around the brighter fire of his own roval 
pavilion \ by the light of which, all the 
tops of the mountai(is, the promonior*^ 
of Sigaeum, and the vales helo^, appur 
in the calm of a ferene and cloudlda 
night, that fucceedcd the florm and lury 
ot'a day fo full of a£lion. 
tifi ^*«1 «» i»f«»a» OLT^^h — fat'wj" «^? 

A$ in calm fcafons, round the filvfr 01*^011, 
Glitter unnomber'd ilar* ; the dllisut ly • 
Ot all tbo hills, the foreUntTs fl^epy hraJ, 
Aud the deep vales appear, while hcavcii a 

Opening, di flu fcs an immenie ferene. 
Tfte Shepherd- Swain t» who tends his 

llock by nighi> 
Views every Clar; his heart with joy o'c - 
• ft)ws. Or, 

** Dr. Fcmbcrion's Ublcivaiiops ou i'wc- 
try, p. 83. . 

f " The Shepherd (ai I hare already ob- 
fcrTed) If Ht^wr, the ftaii arc the cbou- 



ConjiSlural Variation on a W&rd in KSi% XV. 

Or, in rhimc, it miy run thus : 
As ia fllll tir, when rouud the Queen of 

The ft if* aprctr, in cloudlefs glory bri5*>t, 
^e ro^ks remote, the hills and Talcs are 

fcen ; 
And heaven diffufes an immcnfe ferenc. 
Thus while each ft»r with rival luftre glows, 
I'he Shephthd's* heari with, fecrct joy 

'•This is the general fcnfcofihc words | 
but in the original crcry principal idea 
is fo ftrongly marked and diftinguifbed 
by the numbers, the paufc, and the fitu- 
tiibn of it in the vtrfc, that you not 
only fee all that the poet defcrii)C3, but 
lo much more than is cxpreflcd, that 
one line in Homer is thought fufficicnt 
to furnifh more vcrfcs in ilic landfcauc, 
or nipht- piece, given us by the tranlla- 
tor, than are to be found in the whole 
iimilc in the original, which confifls of 
no more than five verfcs ^ and, in a clofc 
trandation, might be compiifcd in the 
fame numl)cr of lines in Enghlh/' — Say's 
Elfav the Second, on ihc Namlicrs of 
Paradifc Loft, p. 155, Lond. 410. 1745. 

Mr. Urbak, Ktnt^ Aug. 20. 

IOOKING into Bowycr'b •» Conjee 
a turcs,'*I find that R. Bcntlcy would 

wiliin^lv fubftitute xo*^"*» ^^^ ^fouta^^ 
in A£ls'XV. 20. in order to make all 
the arriclcs of the lame nature. But 
furelv. as was obltrvcd in Gent. Mag;. 
February, 1766, «r«?"*a< is fo very like 
the otheir word, that it mii^ht cafily be 
irtiftaken foritj and had it occurred to 
that great critic, probably he n^ight have 
taken ihe pains, as he had opjX)itunitics, 
of confukmg a variety ofMSS. 

Whether perna be originally a Latin 
or Greek word, I am unable to fay, 
having no variety of lexicons and dic- 
tionaries to confult. Hedcric has wi^ra, 
but <iuotcs no cxampKs ; a4id Horace is 
the ^ift and bcfr Laiin writer, that I 
know of, who has ufed the vvord perna f. 

But we all know, that the writers of 

, — * ■ ■ - • ■ 

Unti flies Winded by the Tiojjins uhle 

f r.f y warched their tents. Thu«, in M-hon, 

Thr careful plowmtn, (hat Hands doobt'np 

Lci\ on tUe thrclh:ng-tioor the hoi>clul 

Prove chaft 
Is Ike angel Gabriel, who is felicitous for 
thr fafety of Adam and live. l*»radife 
Lort, Hook iV.Yer. 982." 

f in ^nfwer: Pcrna, fays AiofworiH, is 
*• a gammon, or peftle, of bacon, wiih the 
»«•? 00 ;" and quotes Plaut. cap. iv. 3, 3, and 
Ho#, Sac. ii. 2, 1 17, J9m9js cum psd( p«ina. 

the Greek Tcftament have Grfri/nfmt^ 
ny Latin words ; and it is far from itti- 
poflible, that the word under confideri^ 
tion may have been fo ferved, as it VMf 
be ufed to exprcfs all kinds of fwine't 
flcfh, efpecially when falted and cured, 
which probably was then as much 
eftcemed as it is now, and confcqucntly 
to be frecj^uently found at the ublct of 
the Gcntilt converts, who held thfcm* 
felves tinder no obligation ta the abro* 
gated law of Mofes. 

I fliall add no more, hut Ju(t pTac» 
the two words together in capitally 
nOPNEIA, nGPNElA, and refer your 
Fradcrs to what was faid before up(« 
the fubJefV in the Magazine above-men- 
tioned i and conclude with wilhiog, that 
fome perfon, who has opportunities, 
would take the trouble to confult fome 
of the oldcft and bed MSS. in hope 
that he may be able to remove a word 
that has been, and always will be, a 
(lumbling-block in tlie way of commen- 

P. S. I remcmlicr a guery, (imilar t^ 
that in your Magazine for June, p. 450, 
infcrted in a Magazine or Newfpaper 
fo^uit: years ago ; and an anfwer given to 
it foon after, *« Hot flour will take off 
hairs, for millers* hands have none." 

In anfwcr to Q;^ p. 548, how "could 
Ramfay W. Efq. be B.D. &c. ? .Mr. 
Whelcr, of Otterdcn, in Kent, though ■ 
clereyman, expc6led Efquire to be tacked 
to his name, becaufe his father was a 
Knight X' Perhaps the fame reafon may 
be alligned in Mr. Ramfay*s cafe. 

1 remcmiK-r a brief fome years ago, 
in which Mr. Lord and Mr. Wheler 
were appointed truftees, and where, by' 
the omiliion of a comma between their 
namca, ihc two gentlemen appeared at 
one cxtraoidinarv perfon under the name 
uf the rev. William Lord George Gran* 
ville Whder, Efq. R. B. 

Mr. Urban, 

YOUR, friend who gives you an ic* 
count of an extraordinary Oak in a 
fmall field belonging to Sir Horace Mann, 
in Kiulco quarter in Goudhurd parilb, 
in Kent, p. 342, fhould have. been more 
paiticular in pointing out how curiofity 
might find it. 1 enquired of many fot 
thi$ Oak, but they had never heard of 

^ The great worth and property of Mr« 
W. could not damp an auihority on foch aa 
evident abfurdity, which none of bis friends 
could have ]ulll6cdj t^oagh noft indulged it« 



Ran Speciis of Oai at Gou^hurfi ; its^ Churchy Chureb-Tard^ icz. 679 

k ; I afked fcTcrtl for Sir Horace Mann's 
farm : they knew who occupied farms, 
but-they knew not the landlords. I be- 
gan to think vour correfpondent had 
amufed himfelt at the expence of any 
one who fliould go in fearcn pf this un- 
common tree; and I looked to fee if his 
letter was dated iht Firfi of April. 
At lafty when I had nearly given up the 
fearchy accident threw in my way a man 
belonging to the farm on which the tree 

trewy and be knew it. I had to ride 
ack a qvarter of a mile, and he then 
ihewcd It m^. It appMrs to be about 
fifteen or twenty years growth, and was 
planted, together ^th one of the com- 
mon fort near it, bv Mn. BachurfV, 
then owner of the e^ate. *^he oth^r 
appears to grow much better. ' Thele 
trees are not in any view from her 
houfe ; and it is not known that fbe 
planted any other like the tree in (}uef* 
don } I therefore cannot but think it an 
accidental variation. I am confirmed in 
tbtii opinion by one of the bed botanifts 
in England^ to whom i ihewed a branch 
of it. It will therefore be hardly wonlt 
going forty miles to fee. 

But if Iny oth^ fliovrld be induced 
tp viSt it, let jne inform 'them, that on 
the turnpike road fron» Ton bridge to 
Batten, a little beyond Lambefhurd, 
(where they may enc^uire for Rifden 
quarter in (^oudhurfl) tl>ey muft go out 
of the turnpike-road on the left, and in 
about a niile and half will come to the 
place. A farm-houfe, rented by Mr. 
Chandler, is on the right, adjoint og the 
road, built, ab many others in the neiicfa- 
bdurhood are, with plaifter pannels be^ 
tween a prolufion of timbe;r-work ; op* 
poiite to It is a little green,' acrofs which" 
IS the meadow in which this tr^ grows, 
apd jvft beyond it is a good moden 
houfc, callea Finchcocks, the refidence 
for fome time of a family of Bathurft, 
who ufe the faaae arms as tbe Earl of 
tbft name. 

Jf the traveller has a mind to go on 
about two miles further to Gouaiiurft, 
be will he repaid by a moft extcniire 
vtew from the church-yard, llill more 
from the fteeple, which takes in a cirr 
ele of the country from Madam's-court- 
Ull, and the Maidfione hills, to Dover 
caftle, on the North and Eaft, to the 
fea on the South, looking towards Ton^ 
bridge-wells and Solle^ oQ the Wed, 
including the fight of near thirty parilh 
churches. The church is handlbme and 
neat, has many monuments of the Cole- 
ptpj^en pf Bridgebury (now Mr. Car- 

tier's), and of the Cam|>ions of Comb- 
well, (formerly a priory, afterwards a 
large and magnificent -feat of tha: fa- 
mily, ftill their property), and of others. 
Of the Colepeppers, the recumbent fi- 
gures of a hnfband and wife, whole 
length, carved in wood, which is per- 
fe^ly found, lie on a tomb in a window 
in the South aifle, ihut in by a pew ; in 
the wall is a fmall balTo renevo, repre- 
fenting in theuppcrpartthe AXMIGHTY 
in the clouds, beneath on -one fide is tlie 
Virgin and* Child, on the other a man 
with a fword lifted up ready to flrike 
fomtthing below; between -thefe is a 
(hield with the Colepeppers' arms. Be- 
low are feveral figures kneeling, fome 
oppofite to the other } between them the 
dite 1537. But of all tbefe things* Mr. 
Haded will give a full account. He 
may not know that, this church-yard wa» 
the fcene of a very gallant aoion not 
recorded in hidory^ thouzh it defcrvec 
to be, at lead in a local hidory. It i« 
this : about the year - , the fmug* 
glers in jthis neiehbourhood were come 
to the utmod pitch of audacity, and had 
committed feveral outrages, out qf th€ 
njtUPf of tbiir vocation. The people of 
Goudburd had by fome means olfendefl 
them, and they .vowed to burn the 
town, and exterminate the inhabitants < 
and they attempted to execute their hor^ 
rid purpofe. Luckily the Utter had a- 
mongd them a nun who had been in the 
army s he offered 10 put himfelf at their 
heacl, and defend the place { and he did 
itfo effe£hially. He armed his trocm 
as well as he was able, and he difpole4 
them in a manner that would do honour 
to a veteran. He lud a body to meec 
,the enemv in front, and he had a corps 
in ambufcade to attack them in the rear. 
He routed the aflailants, whofc leader 
afterwards died in gaol; he himielf it 
(tiH alive, and has a fddier-likc regard 
to the drong bet^ of Old England, ci 
which, for the credit of the |>lace, 1 hope 
he is not in want. 

Excufe, Mr.'Urban« the wandei^nn 
of a wanderer, and I will return ; if the 
tfaveller ihould f hooft ao get back into 
xhfi great road, he will prelently come to 
a neat, clean public-hop fe, called Stone* 
Crouch, where he will havx no reafon to 
complain of the iiccommodationa for 
himielf or his horfe. And if his curio* 
iity leads to antiuuttics, he will walk a* 
croft two or thcee pleafaat fields ro 
Combwell, n^entioned above. H» will 
find it the remains of a once mmificenc 
maufioni'feateflQO the brow or a little 

68a Thi Campions of ColdwelU Baybam,| wi Battdl dikiyii 

hill, with a pleafjmt view of the country 
round it. It was founded hv Robert de 
Furntham, dedicated to Sc Kltry Mag* 
dalen, and there is a coofinnation and 
further endowment by Stephen de Fnrne- 
ham, ion of Robeity exemplified ii 
Hen. IMT. 

The Campions « lived here in much 
fplendor in >the JmH: century. The late 
owner of that niune had a good feat in 
Solllxi diibCiot choofe to keep up two 
manlion^'li&ttres, and pulled down a con- 
fiiierahle pact of this, leaving enough in 
(luantitv for- a. farm houfe. A pordi in 
the South front opens into a large and 
lofty hall, floored with oak i at the up- 
per end li ihe raffed flobr for the Lord 
to dine ^on« at the lower is a gallery, 
and under it fome tilting poles and lone 
flcniicr pikc^ with iron hcaiis. Out (» 
this is a door into a fmall parlour (per- 
haps the buttery) ; and below that, down 
fome Aeps, is a good kitchen. In this 
hangs one fuit of iron armour ; there 
were others, but you, Mr. Urban, will 
lament, that Mr. C. thought one was 
enough , to prefer vc, and condemned the 
r.crt to \\mi fmith's hammer. The civi* 
lily which a vifitor will receive from the 
occupier of the manfion, or from his 
niece, who will very agreeably furprifc 
him by her appear.!ncc and convcrfatiouy 
will prevent his legictring the lofs. 

Bayham abbcv is hut a little way off, 
well woith vifiting. The ruins arc 
carefully and neatly prefcrvtd by Mr. 
Pra-r, in a pleafant little fequcftcred 
valley, well wooded and watered. It 
\\ between Lamberhurfl and Tonbridge 

Rohen(bridge is faid to have fome re- 
mains of a religious houfe, and Battell 
has magnificent ones, pait of which 
tonned the manlion of the late Sir 
Whin»er Wchftcr. now of his relia. 
Mr. Grofc has given fo. coinplcat an ac- 
count of the building, and the prefcnc 
Aate, thftt it would be impertinent to at- 
tempt an addition to \\hat he has latdj 
but he has not noticed a very (ingular 
pidure in the liilliard room, which in- 
cited was not.ia hti way, and is, per- 
haps, the only Onevvprth particular no- 
tice in the hoiHe. It is a whole length 
of a youn^ man", Handing upright, ap- 
pearing perYc'Sty at* e^^lc, drelfed la 
black,'' ihurr boots riot reaching to his 
kpce*'\vTjicli~aVtn>ve, round hjs neck a 
white . nbWn"'lj^j^ing down ncaily as 
law flsVi* w^-u^J, At his. feet arc fcr- 

', • • • f ■ ' 

*^ D^^^l, Mon. vol. II. p. 270. 

pentt with th«r heads pobtcd to 
on one fide a houfe in flamea j ia tkm 
back eround a vieiv of the tea, w9Ck 
ihips unking t over hia h«ad a ftonB* 
with lightning ; and in an ttOper comer 
of the pidure the words ** Nothing af^ 
frights me," or, " Nothing furpriles mev" 
but it is not eafV to re^ theoi. Tha 
founder of tlie Webfter ^yntly ia tkia 
place was 1 merchant, and it may have 
alluiion to fome of ihera ] but onfonu* 
oately no explanation coiild be given. 
The figure is far from bad; but the per- 
fpedlive is very ill done'. 

It is pity that one who luis means to 
corrt6l an error, cannoc do it without 
petulance. Your anonymous friend, p^ 
511, fpeaky of the Roman infcriptioo, 
inentitincd in ypur Magazine, vol. LIV. 
p. 403, in a manner that would not be 
liberal if what he iiaid was truei but it 
is not fo : he hat an iroperfe£l knci^s 
ledge of the truth. The fa£k is (at'I 
think I infoimed you), that it was a jcu 
d*efprit, calculated for private amufe* 
ment ; but it had no reference whatever 
to the lord of the manor. The letter 
you puhlifhed was written by a neigh<« 
bouring curate, in pure fimplicity, and 
without tlve knowledge of the parties 
ooncerned, who would not have fu&cad 
it if they had been apprized of his VBl> 

I'he references to a done crofs in the 
mifccllaneous plate for May, and in the 
letter trom Norwich, p. 523, fliould 
have both been to p. 277. S» 

Mr. Urban, Cramond^Aug. 15. 

IT is with regret 1 obicrve that noao 
of your numerous correfpondenta 
have followed my example, in fending 
you a topographical account of the re^ 
fpe£live pariihes in which they reiideai 
ctpecially as you have recommended- tiut 
plan in your note on my letter, pb 90^ 
in which are the following errau 2 for 
Charles Warfon, of Laughton, efq. read 
Chailes Watfon, of Saughton* efq. 1 and 
for 250I. the rent of the Mortification of 
Craigcrook, read 350I. 

Some time ago, X got a large blank 
paper book, in which I infert all things 
relating to the parifh I live in : the mu- 
tations of property, tlie marriages, iifue* 
and deaths ot the different proprietors 
and tlieir conned^ons, remarkable acci* 
dciiis, &c. Permit me earnefily to rc« 
comniend that plan to your oomeraus 
correfpondents. After the lapfe of forty 
or fifty years, they will probably thank 
luc for fccciug theia 011 iliis method^ 


,firhca diey find a fertcs ^ hBts im hu ** Co]. CaTmo Got^oof-^tfht W pan 
«>rtfer« Aad poftenty» at t|i9 difUoec iof of the oaraprap^ It deawd ia a ItMer 
a. ceompy or twoy wiU Rckpo foch fif|ned B. A. in your laft^ p. 500, {qu« 
Imkft* if pcriefcivd -in^ an inv^luabk why is Col, Odvdoo Galled'' ajaobkaua* 
tianfure* md any fiinilias thought k there?} and you have foade 
worth while to, have kflfc book ft ott the 
alxifc plan for two or thrfse ' hajfulpBd 
years pail» what a food of iaformatiott 
and eotertatnment n^oiild th^ now haic 

A iimilar cafe occurs ta dte Baron de 
Tor's Memoirs of the Tjtrks and Tar- 
tars, hook II* p. 1 s8, which I will giva 
in his own words. ^** Baficbeieray pof* 
fades a noft precious hifiorical jouraal, 
undertaken by the anceftora of a family 
which lias Always prefenred and conti* 
Dued it with care. This manufcrio^ 
which its firft author hM;ao by colle«v 
]Bg tlie moft ancient tracntions, contains 
jihc Aicceedio^ hiftoitcal fads ta thia 
dif • My arrvral in Tarury havihg en« 
g^ed the condouer of this journal to 
a& iome ioibrmation on various matters 
of nc, I thus difcoveittd its ^xifteooey 
and wiiKd to have purchafed itf but in 
▼ain. Five thoufaod crowns (iasol.) 
co«kl not tempt htm to part with it; 
and circiUDftances deprived me itf time 
10 obtain ceatra^'^ 

A great dcfideratum iacms to bt • 
dictionary of heraldry, for appropriating 
coats of arms from tne figures. Thus t 
Chevron Sable, Argent, a Chevron Sa« 
bkt Tralawn^pL of Trelawny.<»-Ctown| 
Or. Gules, three antique Crowns* Or^ 
Grant of Cirant. Where (be arma aaa 
complex, they could be arranged under 
one or ail of the figures refpeftively > 
thus. Lion Or»— or Chief Or»-— or Rofe 
Gules»— Yert» a Lion rampant Or, on a 
Chief of the laO, tliree RoTes Guka» 
^kwton of Newton. 

A Gorrefpondent of yours* who figns H« 
Lemoioc^p, 195 [253]»wiJhestofeeme« 
moirs of tne £rikines, of the family ol 
the Forbesv and Mackenzies* all great 
names to North Britain, It is iropoHi^ 
blr to anfwcr this vague and eztraordi* 
nary ro^neft in vour Mifcellany, as me^ 
. mmrs o^ tbefe Umilies would nil a vo* 
Iome*' U. L. may look into Douglas's 
PeecBflB and Baronage .6f Scotland, whe^ 
lie ml find fomcthing of k)l thefe fimi-i 
lies ; aod in I>ougla»*s Tour on the 
KcHXh £aft<CQa(l- <rf Scotland there is a 
Mod account of n branch of the Forboa 

In your Magazine fiar May laft» p. 
403, there is an account of the death of 
^ Thomas Riddell, Efq. the gentleman 
^ v/)^o lately fought a duel with the hpn* 

wode by ikyiag that Bdr. Riddill's dnsi 
was with Mr. Cunningham* Ipa vdl. 
LIU. p. 36^ 1 have mM; timi volume 
by nie at pefcne i but» if the aiair is 
nghtlv ftatad these, -Mr. Hiddeil waa 
moruuy woimded by Mr. Cvnmng|hamt 
April «r, t7S3, and he diei die next 
day ; con(e€|uently he co^ld not be 'the 

fentleroan mentioned at p«4ib3, »beaog 
rowocd in the Po ♦, 
In the revrew of Mr. Heron^ Lctiera 
of Literature, p. ^^ there ia anextraft 
from them containing a (evem ciui^tie 
upon tlUs line of Virgilt 

Secfttolqae piot^ his daateoi jemCatoMm* 

** How fbtile is this praife," fayt Mr. Re* 
ron ; ** for what )aws are to operate »r 
mong the blelTedt where there can he nn 
punifhment nor reward ?'* But Vygtl 
probably meant nothing more thiUi a bue 
pre-eminence ; or, if mat Iboold not be 
thought fufficient. « dantem jure' ma^ 
mean allotting the di/Terent (pots t» 
thofe ' qui gramineis exerceot fnembcn 

* pabeftns-^H:onttnduot ludo-p»fu!v4 lufi* 

* tantur aren^-^pbdibua plaudunt cbo- 

* rets— «carmina dicttnt^-2ec* Mr. Be* 
ron feems to be wrong in fnving thife 
^ nothing can he fublime to wmch a A^ 
perior conception can be found." 

The late Pr^. Miles Cowper^ .Obitn^ 
ary, p. 406, was buried in the cemet^rf 
or the old clxurch of Rcftabig^ about % 
mile fiafl from Edinburgh, where tho^ 
of the Epilcppai pecfualAon are com* 
mo^ly intenxd. Uis'dcfth was vqrj 
fudden. Not finding n gendemao a( 
home with whoin he went to dine» 1^ 
repaired to a tav^n, and ordered din- 
ner, and fell do\yn dead while it waa 
gcttbg ready. 

^ The following epitaph was foual hi 
his repoficorias > . 

Here li«t a prteft of Eqgt'dh Ueedt 
Who» livingi lik*d whatc'er was fiood|. 
Good cQmpauj, geed wii|e» gflodaaaM^ 
Yet never hniUcd^ai^rfaase i 
But at the firft h^ till frpkrf4. 
So here he choie to be loten^dy 
And, aoobferv'd^ from crowds wididrew« 
1^0 reft among a cbofen few^ 

* This correfpoadent is pcrfefthr tighu 
It was Orprge RiddeU who was killed in 

the duel in 1713 { Mr« Thomas ~ 

was diQWned in 178^ ^ ^M^* 


Ml Dr. Doddridge.*— Arden of Fe?er(!iam.-<>*Oiinere PlunAin. 

I» htimbYe hope thtt dmnc love t comly perfonagcu This Ardcn had i 

Win raife him to the bkft above. mothar dwellyikge in Norwidic, wh6 

It may perhaps defetre mention, that went a begeynge, but he aCayde aM 

Th, C/s lihrary fold for 5!. aad the li- fneanes poneole to kepe hir from iff 

4fiiors in his cellar for 150I. whiche wowld not be, ootwtthftondynge 

When Mr. James BofwelKs eztnor- he gave a Aipend delvreryd to Madar 

dinary pamphlet (reviewed in your Ma- Aldriche to hir ttfe. And when Mai^nr 

^azine f6r Tulv hiA) made its firft ap- Aldriche was msior of Norwiche, die 

|>ear2nce, the \on, Henry Erikine'fard was robbyd, and a princypall cheft 

that he was right to price it at half a browght out into hir backefvdey and cer* 
crown, as no pcrfon wi(h a whole crown - teyne lynnyn that was in it fefte fcateryd 

would citlhrr wrtta or read fuch a book, abrbdey to the vallew of forty or fyrty 

XiM£NEs. fliiUyngs. This rohery beinge corny ttyd 
in the nyght, Ibe, beynge deafe, hard it 

Mr. Urbav, dug. 19. not. Next day, whan it was knowne 

' S the <m»ileft remains of a writer fo that ihe was robbed, the maior with 

■ univcrf^lly cfleemcd as Dr. Dod- otharscameto hir ho\vfc, and, ferchinge, 

'bridge may be acceptable, { fend you they found 60I. lyenge in foodry places^ 

the copy of a Jeteer now before me, tyed up in feveralt litle clowtes, not a«> 

,which was addrefTed by the Do6lor to bove ten grotes in one clowte. Than 

Mr« William Glover, a member of his 4ht was redreyned from hir beg^^nge, 

clmich ; and willed to chufe who flmld with hir 

^ . ,, , ©orcion kepc hir durvnge hir lyfe, and 

-I^earSir, Ncrthampt. Sept, 1^,1^^, to have for his hbi>wr that whiche 

1 HAVE confidcred of the text you remayncd of the 60I. unfpent at hir 

mentiorcd. Cant. 11. 14, and find it ca- <Je,thc ; and fo it was done. NotwitU 

StWe of fo good an improvement, that I ftondyngc fte nevar enjoyed aftar die 

all be ready to obhgc you with a fer- was rcftrayned from hir beggynge, and 

ipon upon 11, but I am fearful^ left, con- dyed with in halfe a yere aKar. But 

^deriDg how agieeable a woman Mrs. many ycres aftar the deathe of hir fonnr, 

Olovet was^ fome light minds, alwap whereof we have here to fpeakc. *" 

ftady to abufc ^lomon's Son^, (hould I believe it has never been remarked, 

at frrft hearing in.ttrpret it with fome (for I do not find it noticed in the new 

fttch reference 10 her as neither you nor .dition of the Biographica Dramatica,) 

I jouM wiOi. aud perhaps a httlp re- that Lillo, in his play of Arden of Fe- 

ieaiDg on both. This is the opinion verfliam, has frctiuenily copied whole 

of a prudent friend, as wcH as my own -, lin^s. jind more than once fcveral lines 

cm which account 1 cannot but dcfire toirecher, from the old play on that fub* 

that you would pleafe to chufe another je^, ^ 

ie«, left prophane mirth flibuld be e^- 'n.c Lead which lines the Cbinefc tea- 

ertcd on an occafion of fo much folcm" ^^^^ jj reduced to a thinnefs which I 

wty and diftrcfs. I am, dear fir, your .^i inforBicd European pjumbcn cannot 

▼ery atft-aiOBate friend, and fympathifing imitate. The following account of tht 

. tumble itryant, P. Doddridgc.'' piocefs by which the plates are formed 

was communicated to me by an intelli* 

Mi(. Urban, gent mate of an Eaft Indiamao. The 

UMBER 54Z of the Harlcian MSS. cafter fits by a pot containing the melted 

is a volume of Stow's colle61ions, metal t and has two larg^ Hones, tht 

and contains, amongft other things, a onder one fixed, the upper moveable^ 

kiftory of the murder of Arden of Fe- dircOly before him. He raifes the up- 

▼eriham, differing verv Httle from that per ftone by prcfling his foot upon the 

primed 'in Holih/hed's Chronicle, and fide of it, and with an iron ladle pours 

copied thence into Lewis's Hiftoiy of into the opening a proper <juantity of 

FeverOiam. There is hqwever at the the fluid metal. He then immediately 

beginning of this Hiftory an anecdote of lets fall the upper ftone, and by that 

iiiden*s mother, which I do not rcmcm- means forms the lead into a thin irregu- 

ber to have fccn, and wliich you may lar plate, which is afterwards cut into a 

peihaps think worth prcfciving. proper (hape. The furfaccs of the 

•* There dwelt at Fcvarlliam, in the ftoncs, where they touch each other, are 

^unty of Kent, a gentleman callyd. exad^ly ground together. 

Nallar ArdfQ* a tall eentlcnian, and of If ours, &c. $^ G. 



Konkton ('aricy.— Oxfoid tkcra.^H^fi ^Stutrf. 6tj 

Jtf&. -Urban, 

I Should be very glad if the pecfon who 
GomiiAaoicated to you the lolcription, 
&C. ia Monkton Farley church, Wilcit 
primpd in your Magazine for March 
i744f p. ijSf and explained May the 
iameytar, pw a7i v-would ufbrm you where 
^y are now to be feeo ; whether prefenrcd 
in Lord Webb Seymour*i houle, or in 
the parilh church, or^ whether deftroyed % 
as alfo, whether any drawiDg or copy 
could be obtained. If your corrcfpond- 
cnt will reyeal himfelf, and tell us any 
thing more about this antient place, he 
will oblige your readers, and particularly 

Yours. D. H. 

Ma. Urban, 
Y^UR M Comfpoudint mod pnba-. 

' bly (<ertainly not many of your nu» 
mexous readers are) may be a ft ranger to 
the Jttdflement and Decree of the Univer- 
ijty of Oxford, palTed in their Controca- 
tion, July'ai, 16 S3, againft certain P£&- 
mcious BOOKS and damnable doc« 
TRiMxt, deftru£live to the facred per- 
fons of. princes, their (late and goyem- 
fnent, and of all humane fociety; r/«* 
dergd mto EMgliftf, and tublijbid fy com^ 
mand* Printed at the tteeter^ 1 6 8 j , fol. 

. Among the propoficions, in number 
17* which they judge and declare to be 
falfe, feditious, and impious, and mod 
of chem to be alfo heretical and blafphc- 
mou% infamous to Chriftian Religion, 
and deftruSive of all government in 
church and ftate, are the following, vis;. 
4* The (btreraignty of England is in the 
three eftates, nnx. king, lords, an^l com- 
mons. The king has but a co-ordinate 
power, and may be over-ruled by the 
other two. Ltx Rtx. Hunton^ of a U* 
wuiid amd mixed Monarcfym Bsxur //. 
G. PM. Caiich. 

y« Self-prefervation is the fundamental 
law of nature, and fupcrfedes the obli- 
gation of all others whenever they (land 
in competition with it. H^hbis^ di Civi, 
LiviatMM. MUUh*% name is but twice 
meiitioned. Firft, in the third propoli- 
tipni that if lawful governors become 
tyrants, or govern otherwifc than by the 
laws of Go3 and man they ought to do, 
they forfeit the right they bad unto their. 

fsvemment. Lex Rix. Buchanan, di 
urt Rsgni Fsndicia contra lyran/ioj, 
BiUarmuHf di Conciiiis, di Pontifice, 
MiUomm Goodwin, Baxter, H. G. So 
again, p. a 6, King Charles the Fird was 
lawfully put to death, and his murthcr- 
€Ks were the bleifed inftruments of God's 
flocy in their generation. Milton. Goed* 

Not one of Mik§n*% books is fpedficd 
among thofe ordered to be publicly burnt 
by the hand of the marihal to 'tKe couit 
of the Scholes ; and we are left to guein 
which of his underwent that (ate. Lee 
one obfervation fu£Bce r the opinions of 
men are not to be guided by decrees <£ 
univerfides or councils. Y. Z. 

Mr. Urban, 

I Cannot but own myfelf pkafed with 
your correfpoodent, who, p. 5ii« 
aflts one iimple ((ueftion } ** What obli* 

fations have we to the houfp of Stuart ?"^ 
take it for granted he does not prefume 
to think we have any to that cvrjfid race, 
not one of whom appears to have pof- 
feiled talents to do any good for them- 
felves, or thofe over whom they were 
placed by Providence to govern. I do 
not make ufe of a vague, unmeaning ex- 
pletive. If I fpari any that are Jouud 
gmilty, God's curfe ii^bt on mi and mf 
piffiirity for rvir : thefe were the words 
of the deteftable James the Firft in the 
poifoning bufinefs of Overbury, whida 
he afterwards totally difregartled, by noc 
only p^doning the principal agent, Carr* 
hue alfo gave him of his free gift, tne 
year after hib convi£lion; the Turn of 
5083 1. continuing his former extrava* 
gance to him as if nothing had happened. 
In the years 161 1, xa, he gave hint 
41,000!. Wlut credit is due to an hil- 
torian, who, after thefe fa£ts, fumming 
up his chara£ler, ihaU dare to aifert his 
intentions were juft ? 'which Hume does. 
There is much reafon to believe ihu hia 
fon Charles inherited too great a portion 
of his father's profanenelb. It is to little 
purpofe to dclcant on the faults of a fa- 
mily where ilicre was none good { no, 
not one. The ingratitude of the fecond 
Charles in his peilccutiou of the Prclby- 
terians, the feci to whom he was princi- 
pally indebted for his reftoration, is too 
conipicuous to be, overlooked. To 
Cromwell, for whom I am by no means 
an advocate, this kingdom is under the 
obligation of many millions, which it it 
humbly to be hoped, may be long conti- 
nued to us. This comes to you from 
one who fmccrely loves and honours the 
conftitution of hu country both in church 
and ftate, and is no papift, no prefyteriau^ 
no npubiican. 

Mr. Urban, .Angt^zif 

AS I dellre the fair dirculhon of a 
(Ubje6l of imporunce to mankind 
ac large, X know ot no method by which 



Oft iii/nb Pt9grifs tftiftmikf^ (n Udmh 

it may be fo eflfeAutliy done as by iorit* 
int t carrefpondeDCfe hi your MigaziDc, 
4rn}ch if ready I belie¥e» in erery part of 

fie world wbei« tbc Englifli language is 

Thoueti the afUwife Author of nature 
huh made the elements in a great mea^ 
Aire fubicrvient to our imrpofes^ yet 
moft of the ufes to which they may be 
applied were for many ages unknown t 
when known» it hath feemed wonderful 
they were not (oontr difoovered. Watet 
was not applied to the ufe of mills for 
grinding corn before the year of Chtift 
6po, nor windmills ufed before the year 
2 200. In later timet many new pro* 
peities apd principles have been difco* 
▼eredy and new aits invented. A cone* 
fpondencei as above propofedy by men of 
judeemcac and knowledge, may lead to 
tftinher difcovcries^ or to the carrying 
fome of thofe ans which are already 
known to higher decrees of perie6tion. 
It will at lead determine as to the reality 
of any impiovemcnts which may have 
been pretended to be macle on tlie difco- 
Tcries of our prcdcceffors. A man may,'er, fliew invention which may lie 
wild and irref^uhr ; but ftill it may be 
entitled to regard, and by inveQigatioa 
mav be rendered fimple and ofeful. 

As tlie progrels of fctence has been 
fiow, fo the fyTlems of many individuals • 
have at firft beien nothing hue hypothefes, 
conceits, and conjectures. 1 once tlioughr,* 
that in applying the force of the wind to 
a windmill, there were fome advantages 
peculiar to th^horitontal windmill, par- 
ticularly its being always ready to catch 
the wind from every quarter, without 
muiring the aid of man to ihift and turn 
It, and let it to work ; thcrefui e prefe- 
rable for the purpole 1 had then in view, 
«rs8. the railing of water from fwampy 
lands, as it would red u ire little or no at- 
tendance. I found, liowever, from re- 
peated experiments, that though I could 
ufe horizontal fails, which were fo con- 
trived, that the fails facing the wind 
wonid expand, and thofe going from the 
wind would ootatra£V, yet I could obtain 
so more of the force of the wind than 
juft the breeze it brought as it pafTctl by, 
the' fucceeding fail indeed would be filled 
by the next lireeze in the current of air, 
but its force is by no means to be com* 
pared to the force of a body of air a6Ung 
upon the fails of a vertical windmill, for 
in this lad in (la nee the whole dream of 
air is poured on and relifted by tlie vanct 
or fails, and the work performed by the 
machinery e<)iHil «I9 the focce or prcflure 

of fuch body of wind. This, I tpfnt* 
bend, nvea a fuperiority to the vertical 
windmill abore any one of the horizontal 
kind that ev^r was or will be contrived. 
For from the horrzontal the motion to 
be obtained cannot be fafter than tlie wind 
itfelf; but the velocity obtained by the 
torrent of air adingpn the vertical wind* 
mill is matiy times fwilter than tl)f wind. 

Thus in failing on the water the dif- 
ference is very material wheth^ a velTcl 
he upon a winil or before the wind. £ 
wifli to have enquiriev and experiments 
made, how f^r navi^tors may avail 
themfelves of the continued preil'ure of a 
torrent of air on veOels of light weight, 
conilru6led ibmewhat in the manner of 
the flving |y)as ufed- by the natives of tho 
iiland of Tinian. Tlie epithet ?iven to 
the(e veifclri is owing to the hviftncfs 
with which ^hcy fail, of which the bpa* 
niards have related very wonderful ac* 
counts. A particular defcription is given 
of them in Lord Anfon*s voyage round 
the world. 

Thefe flying proas, which for ages 
have been the only veHeU employed by 
thofe Indians, are to (iugular and extra- 
ordinary that the invention of them 
would do honour to any nation, how- 
ever dexterous and acute. The condnic- 
tion of this proa is different from iha 
pra6lice of the red of mankind { for it is 
•cudomary to make the head of the vellcl 
different from the dcrn. The proa, 
on the contrary, has her head and dein 
exactly alikr, one fide bcin^; always in- 
tended to Im the windward dde. To 
prevent her ovcrletting, which, from her 
imall breadth, without panicular precau- 
tion would infallibly happen, there is a 
frame laid out from lier to windviard, to 
the end of which is fadened a log in the 
(hape of a fmall boat, and made hollow. 
The weight of the frame is intended to 
balance the proa, and the fmall boat, by 
its buoyancy (as it is always in the wa- 
ter), to prevent her overfettine. Whe« 
(he alters her tack, that whicn was the 
dert) of the proa becomes the head. 

The double canoe, mentioned in the 
fame account of Lord Anfon^ii voyage, 
as met with above a thoufand leagues at 
fia froin the Ladrones, was undoubtedly 
an imitation of the flying proa ; and tlie 
other kinds of veflcis Uraring a rtfcm- 
blance to tliem, which are to ht met wiili 
in various parts of tlie £ad-Indie$, as 
therein likewife menttoaed, fully piove, 
that the principle may be extended, and 
the plan diverdtied.' And there is no 
doubt but tbe ipeculatkHis of ingenious 


. thftrlpiiti ^4 Maihim frr raiji^g Jf^lrr hj fflMd* 68j 

opcaUc to ihe public, is Would be ihe fcrtiit fizet, uch pur tje lude to .fit, 
' .. -c .^^„ ^f cKpcriencc in ibe the inner intothe ouieri the outer trucks 

conftruflion »nil navipiiior of filling being witer-;ight «re fiied to the trough 

veir^s. Fur it fEctnEtti 14 ihcaiy, iliii Ot pxfTine through the bottom, lod alfo 

if any fuch doybtc velTct of li^bc weight thro^^ tM under fiMinic, into the water, 

he foconfirufledH toc«rryr»ilfuiiicient the upper edge* being 6xed even with 

to furiiifl the prenUFc of * ftcetm of air, ibc trsugh ) at the bottom of each it a 

equal (D what UQ be fultilncd by a vcC- valve whicli idmiti the water to rifa 

ftl of Four ilmee the weight, fuch ilouUe when the inner tninka NN, tea. are lift- 

viiTtl Mujld lull wiib four limes the M- «ti by the crof»-beam O. 
lociiy of the other. NN| &c. the ioner trunki or forcert. 

The advantages of 4uic]t difpitch in of the fame fiiape ai the outer trunks, 

the conteyiace of packets, Etc. ind -the but ihcir dimenrMmi ire fuch ai to fill up 

many other public benefit) riiit Qighi lie ihccavity of ihcirrefpefiiveoutertrunkt. 

derived from fuch fwift-failiog.veSUl, Thcfe ioner trunks or forcen are alfo 

arc obvious to every one,' made water-tight^ but have no valves at 

An account of the nimoli velocity hi- their boiioins. They are filled with 

theito known of fbipi laiUiig qn ■ wind, fome ponderous matter fufficient to fink 

or before a wind* and likewifc the DtmdA llten to,(he iMttom of the outer iruoki 

Velocity of any balloon in its, proKrefi when Tull of water, by which means the 

through tiie air, would be yerr accept- warer it forced orer the brim of the ouwt 

able (o the public, as it would help to trunks into the trough G, and from 

afcertain the degrees of fwjftoels iutlw thence coaveyed off by ihe fhute H. 
motion of the wind. ■ O, the lifting beam, caoneOed with 

Thete is 1 way or method of Ipplying the forcers and the bottom of the mat) Q^ 

this force of wisd to the fiurpolet of me- by chains, as reprefenied in the figure, 

chanics, which has never Men prafiifcd firA laifing the end with the fmall trunki, 

that I have kooWn or heard of^ einpl in then tlw larger and heavier. 

experiments made by myfclf, ordefcribed ; PP, the gaugei or guide-framef^ mor- 

tn the ance<ieJ plate. xftiM othtv uf«t ufcd into tlie upper and under rails of 

it may be put to, betides raifin^ or the machine. In each of thefe guidc- 

Sutppiog water »nd working a (enijlitor, framci is an aperture for the lifting beam 

ptetsnd not to fayi but as (he pielTiiis move ficelrtipiBd dom in a per- 

«t a great Irady of air may be thus u4> .pcndtcular dtfefUoa t uif in the edges oE 
leflid, a jfieat weight may *be taifid, ani"".tl^ uid guidt^frai^' tbirs are holes, 

pcuiiilily (onic fiurpofcs m>y be anfticr- Wlthilon pina^tftiegulllK'dM-diAaoceaf 

cd, ot which i am nai aware. Let u* tli« lifting beam. - - 
fupp'>re tint nn land a force L* requird Q^ 'M aiall | its tipiKt pan ts round 

eoLial to tlistof I liiiikgaleon ilie main- .and taper, and the under piiVt in form tff 

fail of a iDin of war, it woulil, t flip- an hexagon : on each faea or fide is a 

pole, by mciins of tlie liendid lt"ct, pull quadrant. Or ifegment of a circle, R, 

up a tree with its rooti \ it would haie a moniTcd into the foot of the mall, and 

great tltcct in removing lla,.t,, and in biaced with fii braces, TT, &c. which 

ttaring open locks. are alfb uioitilcd inio ibe maft, as reprc- 

1 be coppei-pU'e will giue an idej of fcnted in .<)Mi,.figure. I^ cDTvcd balia 

lilt, nwnnc' in wlili^h it may be applied to being flim formed, iii bniing point, or 

the ^u(po1c of tiifinii waier, in.! luch .Mter dT gravity, will vary iu every de. 

oiher puiiHtTes as may be (ugi;>:rieil .bjf ^(KEM^i'^lt''*''^'' * «f tb» maft by the 

men af ,io«Btion. VfnfljMc trflhe wind agiiniS the fail. 

A, a wwodcii edifice erefled over the * ' RrK, fcc^ ^a fix quadrants ; one end 

ifmiii f' p'xid fioii. vkhtnce the water ii of each is monifed inio At foot of iha 

. »Vt mi*i- niallt the otlier end is elevated and mor- 

It^ibc under frame ot the fame fj^e. ' t)f>.d into the braces TT; Sic. 

CC, *C lour puills ended on the iw- , SS, two iron lingi firiteiwd to the 

det li.nie. ends af the -pole V, whieU turn loofely 

D, TIte upper Aoot or pUEfoimi fpund the itial^ 

1-tF.E, four lail.. TT.atc fia braeei mortifed Into th« 

!-rj-'. 4.-. viglic dia^orul bricci, -maft aid to ilie elevated ends of the qua- 

G, . waicr-trrfogti. draota. Thefe quaorants and hi»cea 

H, a Ihute lo coni'ev ihe water from fui>po-t the niaft with its fail, &c. and 

ibe iiou^b to the place intended. ' ftacr it to incline 10 the hqfizaa m-jve. -«. 

Gmt. Mag. Stfimttr, 1785, ^^V*, 

6$6 Letitr f Mf, Tn*ii w Ut 

kf«. wcoHtDgtoihefoTCcvfthsiriitd. 

V, a pole, or flkfF, which ii coaneftetl 
to iht mill withi'two iron ringt, «riiich 
nrn loofely round the miA, but ue fix- 
ed to each end of the pok. 

U, the fail of coiHc cloth, fcftcDcd 
irith fintU cord to the fail armt. 

WW, the fiil u-iiHt the lo^rerone 
'fiftened to the pole T by an iron ring, 
which ranit loofely nniod,' *nd thereby 
yield) > to any violent flonn which miy 
n>rce the maft lo iodine very much to 
the horizon. 

X X, two horiMtitjl tTundleB diTerg- 
ine from cich other, which arc infetted 
k the pole V. 

V Yr two covered braces, which ate 
lofcTied into itw pole V, and the tnindlei 
ZXi bythii contrivance the fail with 
it) pole turiK with the wind to any point 
•f the Goinpart,. and by «hc iftion of the 
wind, and rf-a£Kon of ihe weighty 
forcers, the itiall ohIIio^ a rceutir roll- 
ing iBOiiain, and the number of trunlc* or 
forceri « any time in ufe will be propor- 
tional to the force -of the wind ; that it to 
fay, if it blows a vencle gale, one Or two 
nf ilic forcer* wilT be agiuted ;, if a flifE 
gale, the mall will tncline more to the 
norizon, and hy that ineaDt give motion 
to a greater number of the forcers, wliofe 
weight will at length counterafl th& 
force of the wind, and in safe of a Oom)' 
that (nay incline ilte.aaft fo much' to the 
liorilon a« almofl to lay it flat, the 
weight of ihemwiUVtvbcD the violence of 
the wind h>( fuUidcd, fnthe mad right, 
and reftoTc every pan t« its proper place. 
Thut, without ^ny aneqdance, the mail 
will viy-iie with every brifc. er even mo- 
derate '.inil, and eteiy motion will raife 
fbme water. whilR the danger lu llie ma- 
chinery from a nting ftornv it guanded- 
■gainft by the mall bowing down, and the 
Jad yieldinu to itt fupcrior force, till \tn 
ui(e being ^icnt, all U let right wthout 
injury to ttie machine. _ 

li prelent4 aguodobjcA tovieWi.cfp*. 
ciallv if placed in ar near a piece of wa- 
ter m a -park or pleafure ground,, a* it 
appcan lilie4 vellel failing, and its mo- 
tion ia pleafiDg. 

A few years ago I prefentcd a model 
of (his macl)ine lo die Society for the 
EDCouragun^DC of Arti, Minufa£tuiei, 
and Commerce j and their printed ac- 
count of it fays, " thin ioveution it quite 
new, fimple, iogenioos, ttnd capable of 

Vouri. &c. S. MEKKiMAit. 

Sacctfi t^dmft Mr, Gibbon^ 

To M«. T R A V I ft 
-*T. iTk 

npO four fiftb Ictttr to Mr. UiUxM 
*■ he will fcarcrfy lefdy. lagemitfr 
pechMi, wight fnggcft fone argutncnis 
tgaiott the hoft of wicnatln, and the ret- 
Tom ftK, have adduced, toprDve the aa- 
thefitKmr of tlw 7th nrfe of iJw $tb 
chap, of t loha t hiM n hti mifvepRfen- 
ttdoD of Goanadhit what can be ad- 

pjre waa puWilhcd', the fceptic aad infi- 
del rejoiced, hoping that the Chiiflian 
yoke would, like Dklilah'i cordt, be 
broken by ii ; and chat ChrifliaA fupcr- 
flieion (the expreffion of one of theiat* ~ 
the writer} could ikx fuiVivc feven yean. 
y«t we fe* Chriftianitv reraaini firm and 
nnfiiakcn \ and th^ inlinuaiioni and fir- 
cifm* of the hidot-ian, though he cut* 
the throat with a feather, ecntly dcfeend- 
ing into obKvion, becauTe truth fh«nt 
not the light, neither will the borrowed 
flumes of • Voltaire long fcrtca^ the 

Kmpous hiftorian from coniempt. Butr 
rv. Sir,, give tne leave 10 alk, bow doet 
the text prove ■• trinity of unity in ef> 
fence f Of the elTcnce of the Oeitr We 
know nothing.. The Scriptorn have- 
told'ut that " Godis a fmriti" that" he it. 
one I..ord ;" and (haugh the Athauafiao* 
tell as that Ehb'im it plural, and provev 
a plurality of perlons in iheDcttyt yet 
the Saviour of the world, who certainly 
knew its import better than ^1 man, 
-has thirllaiad it hy a fingular nmin, 
Maik xiii. t^. Mofes^ alTo was made 
S.I»biM to Pharaoh. 

Scripture beft explains itfelf. and the 
text, admiiiing it to he genuine, will be 
fatiifaftorily ilTuftrated by the toth, atfl;. 
aid and a]d verfes of the »7tli chapter of 
$1. John's gofpel. Bo you fuppo6. Sir, 
that tlie 2jd fcrfeofthe i6tb of John ii 
genuine > o* that Chiill, immediately 
be&re his fulTettnes, woul3 havt given 
fucli a direfiion to his dilciplci, if be hid 
been the felf-exiSent and ctcrnat.Godi 
As I write lot informaTion, and believe 
you to be able and willing luinAruAi allow 
me to Ttqntfl your favouring the Chnltian 
world with a firiplural rxfltuttin of 
the preceding and folloiving lext. But 
if tin day, &c. Doth not the cxpref- - 
iton, w Kan, include the baMO/t nature 
of ChriJi) and doth not the word Snn im- 
ply hii divine nature, in which he exill- 
cd btibni tiie world -was! The unlcttcivd 
reader, when he Dbfcrves the ctimac 
fhxa nu u tbe aagclt, from than to 

Mr, CintoiK— -TfTf w i w w f f y Tr«£Ii. — Yanlcee Doodle. 687 

die Son, uid from himto ibc Fiiher, ind pnflioni of high ipprobirioti*. One of 

(umparti chit icxi ivicli fcccril orhen, your correfpoadenis has Gopied chcfe cx- 

wiU be apt to coocluile thxt ihc !>od is preffioni, and compiint tbein with Dr. 

DOC one ID cflcnM with ibe FiiLcr. Jolinfon'i lui [lie fame fuhie^l. 

Thefc rcmaiiti would h«ve been com- Your modelly, Mr. UrbiD, commend- 

muniuceil lo vou, Sir, by letter, and able ai it may be, (ppliet only to tha 

not in thi) public manner, hid 1 kaowa frfi edition of tite l.ittcn 10 Mr. Gib- 

your addtc&. 1 im an enquirtr after 'bun- The fccnnd edition, jud publilh- 

ttutb, bclitve in KcvdatiuD, anJ die e4> " nach fupcrior to the former ; and 

dodrincs uf the Gofpel, auk open nr con- it makei no mentioa of your Mifcellioy. 
Tiftion, and have ■□fenlimanii, pliitofo- Many of your contributort wilb t« 

fhical, political, or rcligioui, tlkat 1 have youi fentinicnts on thti work, 

' would cnccTtain, if I wcic not ccintfinced which has not feared to encounter (and, 

of [heir rcAinide. m it fecmi, with Jucced) luntc of the. 

Permit me, Rer. Sir, U) thank V(M fo( greatefl namci of modem tiineii and 

iliu pleaiure mil inl>rud^oii 1 bare re- which, by iis ringle arm, fcemi to have 

ceiTcd from your book] and to alfuic rcltoted the battle, once coalidcTcJ as 

you, thai I am, wiili great deference and loft, nM only ia Enf land, but Hi Eu- 

Tcgaid, fouT moH obedient humble Icr- tope in general. 

wtat, F. &. For thus I intei^ret the teftimony- of 

the amiable and leamed M. Zooltnet, of 

fUt^VntiLM, Sfili>!-S^arf,iMg.tu Berlin, in pi|re j; of the Appendix to 

AS the [cT. Mr, Michel), in the the work juft mentWDed. " Pod Wcl- 

MoDthly Keview for laR June, hai ." Ilcaium, cmm, in Gcrmania tot ciiiici, 

thought proper to charge my Uie father ." piccipue Setolcrus, Michaeli*, et Mof- 

with btrreviiiig his eiperimcntt oa Mag- *■ quz Matthci (qui decein omnino co- 

nctifm, and puUiDiiiif; ihi;in as his own ; " dices primum examinaiii) aliique 

and as the charge ha<> been mote widely " ynaivmra leCtionit i Joaon. v. 7,— • 

ciicalated by your toitcfpondsnt A. i. " wyta, ftitione decefrifle Tidcantur die- 

in your Magazine l,)r July ; I am in- « u illm« propug named," S, P. 

duccd to requelt thi. itimkIs of truth fnA 

rdencc lofurpend iLlii judgement on ihe Mr. Uibah, 4«g. ;. 

fubjea till they fee ivliat may be ad- A ^ *■■ enquirer after ^Mography, will 

vaitccd in reply. £\. you allow itic to alk your corrc- 

Youri, te. W. Cahtom. /pondenR for fome memnrt of Lord 

Kaimes, and to alk Pliilo (fee vol. till. 

Mk.Vrban,,. p. lie), to communicaiG fome of the 

THE Critical Revicwen, examining, ptoduttioDi of Yankee Doodle's pen f 

in the month of Februarjr, 1760, a With regard to youi (loeiy, "Could Sir 

tnathemaCical publication of Baron Ma< J. P. be admitted a fellow of the London 

ferei, intitlcd, " The Element* of Plane col1»e \" I have alwaya underftood that 

TrigotKlmctTy," oblcrve (eontrary-to the phyfician* graduating oi Lcyden were e- 

Baron't opinion) that there ii a meiliod i[ually admitted fellowi wiih chote from 

by vAich tb* Jim may be computed Oxford or Cambridge fi and X cannot 

' where (he arch ii given without the in- help here obfervicg the narrow principles 

fiaite feiiei. of tlie college |n perfilling to except the 

I vifii to know by your means, Mr. uoivcriity of Edinburgh, at this time 

Urban, from fome of tlwfe Reviewer), univcifally allowed to Ie the firft medi- 

W lifKn tome of your numeroui and cil fchool in Great-Britain, if not in £u- 

loned corrcl^ondcnrt, ivhat this method rope, and where eten (ome of their pie* 

M, nd whether any clear account of it ii fcot ftlloWt (at bir Adam Ftrgulbn ob- 

to te fcHiad in any maibematical work ferred in the Houfe of Commoiis) have 

ao# (^HiqK> completed theii Audiet. W. N. 

I wiA aUo (0 put you in mind, ibu 
fOB have not yet reviewed, or even meif Ml. URBaN, Mtnlnft, Aag, to. 
tkwd in yonr late Lids of Publicaiiont, A Fiicnd of mine, who devoicb part 

a work of DO froill celebrity among the X\.- of hi] time to aniigaariiti refeirdiei, 
lewMd, WK. " Travii'i Letters to (iih- ' • A'itrgeVpaee h.i bMn occupita et in<a 

ban." You have, it is true, in one of cootrovcrly, it itae auifaor't lirft i<io leiieit 

yon Msgaaiaei, alCgned a realon for were Driglnalty printed id our Mik. Edit. 
DOE reviewing this publication, namely, -|- On what ■aibstiiyf Thai the eol.tge 

tlut ii HKMiODi ^ouUifccUuiy IBCI- nu; tdnitjifcUoT^aKgiaduatedatUal'id 


Sfurms ancient ff^atcb of if. Rcbtrt Broeei 

>iarihg mentioned to me fdme things rtf- 
Ucive to an old watch, fappofed to be- 
long to K. Robert Bruce, I begged him 
to put th^m in wilting, chit they might 
he communicated to the public m your 
Magazine. I fend yrm that part of hh 
letter inclofed, and hope it wiU be a* 
greeable. , 

Yours, &c. T. p. 

YOU will remember that I formerly 
mentioned fomething to you in reference 
ao the obferrations made by the Hon. 
Daines Barrington on the earliefl: intrp« 
du6Hon of clocks, publiihed in the An* 
nual Rcgifttr for 1779, under the ar- 
ticle Antiquities, p. 135. According to 
your ddire, I will communicate wnar 
circumftances come withiiKmy perfonal 
knowledge, about a watch ttiat corre- 
fponds very much to one defcribed by 
him as once the property of K . Robert 
Bruc?. I mufl be indulged, althoueh in 
fome particulars I cannot fpeak with ab* 
folute certainty, as fo much time hatl\ 
elapfed (ince the tranfa£tions I am going 
to relate, 

Being early fond of any thing ancient 

or uncommon, I ufed to purchafc pieces 

of old coin from a goldfmith who 

wrought privately in Glaigow, and fome- 

times went al> a hawker. Having 

often aiked him, from the curioitty of a 

boy, if he had ever been at the caftle of 

Clachmannan, or heard of any antiquir 

, ties leing found there | he once told me, 

that he had purchafed from Mrs. Bruce, 

who is the only, furvtvor of that ancient 

family in the direct Hne, an old watch, 

which was foiind in the caftle, and had 

an infc'.iption bearing that it belonged to 

K. Robert Bruce. I immediately alked 

a fight of ir; hut he told me it was not ^t 

hand. He fixed a time for (hewing me 

this invaluable curiofity; but even then 

ic could not be feen. My avidity pro* 

duced many anxious calls, although by 

that time I began to fufpedt he meant to 

play upon me^ efpccially as 1 did not 

think it altogether credible that Mrs. 

Bruce would fell fuch a rclique of her 

family if (he had ever had it in her po- 

ietiion. At IcQ&h i was favoured with 

a fight of it. The watch, as far as I 

can recollect ahi>ofl entirely enfwered 

10 the one defcribed*. It had a ground 

of blue enamel; It had a born above the 

""diaUpUte inHcad pf a glafs^ The in- 

Icription was on the plate. But whether 

it was Robertus B» or Robertus Bruce, 

I Mil , ■ « I I ■ ■ I ■ 

bi Cambrutge, appears from a late ^xaanple 
|n Di*. Wnti^ Si>sr« 

I cannot remember. The watch w^ , 
very fmatl i|id neat, * and tiin only, to 
the bed of my knowledge, 'Iktlr mcnre , 
than twelve hoUm, at leaft not t ^i^m* 
pleat day. Tl\c Hon. Mr. Barringcon 
does not n^efttion any thing i^o^st thi^ 
circum (Vance, It h abotit twelve yeari 
(ince I faw it. Whether thire be any 
cadle in Fi^, ^operly called Bmct 
C^JIkf I know not I but the caftle of 
Clachmanntti h^h alwava been the refi? 
denedbf the eldefl: branch of the fimily : 
and although the town in whicK it (lands 
now gives name to a^ fmall coqiity, yet 
in fprmer times, ^nd (iill in common 
language, that whole di(lri£V receives the 
name of Fife, as diflinguilhing it from 
the country on (he other fitle ,thc fVtths of 
Forth and Tay. The firft thing that oc- 
cun^d to me about the w^tch itfclf, was 
in regard tp tfie infcription. Qbferving 
that all the coins of K. Robert's age bore 
Saxon chara^lers, I could not beheve the 
infcrifytion to be genuine, becaufe the 
characters were not properly Saxon, bu^ 
a kind of rugged Roman, or rather Italic 
characters, like ihofe c^mmprily en- 
graved, but evidently done very coarfely 
to favour the impodtion. H^ valued it 
at* |1. ips. but I would have nothing to 
do with it. The fi'fl time | \kid an op- 
portunity of feeing ^^rs. Bruce of pl?K:h- 
mannan after this, I aiked her if fuch a 
watcb had ever been found ? She told 
me, that (he never fo much as heard of 
any fuch thing. This cpoBrmed th^ 
juitnefs of my lufpicion, 

I paid -no funher regard to this (lory 
till about' feven years ago, when I re- 
ceived a letter from a friend, informing 
me, that a brother 'ofhis in London, who 
had a taAe for antiquity, had defired him, 
if poflible, to procure fonne intelligence 
from GlaTgow about a watch, faid to be 
K. Rob. Bruce's, which had thence foun4 
its way to London, and was tltere making 
a great noife among Antiquaries. J then 
applied to my former goldfmith, who 
was then in a more refpcCtab^ way, and 
mentioned /he old (lory. 'He immedi- 
ately fell a-laughing, and told ipe, that 
he did it merely for a piece of diveriion, 
and thought the (lory would take with 
me, as I had often been alking about the 

Cace. He faid that it was an old watch 
ought from America $ that, to get fome 
fport with my credulity, he had engraved 
the infcription upon it in a rough, anti- 
^{uated-like form ; that he had afterwards 
iold it for two guineas $ had learned thi^t 
it was next fold (or ftvej and had never 
heard 9iore ofk^ 

Jmp^fitltm on JntiquariiS^'-^Dt. Whielicote. — IJ. Aylmer. ^ 6S9 

However early the Inventidn of clocks 
inight be, I am greatly mlftaken if aoy 
ftunieodc documents can be produced of 
the ar!t of making pocket-vt^hes being 
difcovered (b early as the beg'mning <n 
^be 14th (ientiiry. Lord Raimes, fome- 
wherc in his ** S|cerches of Man/' af* 
fens, that the firCl watch was made in 
Germany, fo f ar ^ I can remember, near 
^he clofe of the 1 5th. IF any watch had 
lieen made as early as R. Brace's time, 
it is mod likely the infcription would 
have ixen in Saxon charaoers, as not 
only the money both of Scotland and 
England, but of Germany, in that age, 
bears a chara^er either Saxon, ur greatly 
refembltng it. 

If Mr. Urban thinks thefe obfervaf> 
tions worthy of a place in his valuable 
Magazine, they may in that channel be 
tominunicated to the public, and fph- 
mitred to the attention of thofe who mav 
have an oppottunity of examining the s^- 
fair in oueflion with greater accuracy. 
Whatever ardour one feels for any thine 
that bears the genuine marks of antiqui- 
ty, it is certainly a debt be owes to th6fe 
who have the fame tafte, to contribqte 
any thing in his power that may prevent 
Impotitions, to which Antiquaries are a* 
bundantly fubje6V^ through the low hu* 
mour or avarice of others ; or that may 
> tend to confirm a fa£t by proper compa- 
rifon and mii^ute invefli^ation of circum- 
iVances. Beiidcs, this is of greater mo- 
ment than fettling the genumenefs of a 
coin, or many other things of the fame 
nature j becaufe h, involves in it the date 
of a verv important difcovery. It doth 
not merely refer to the hiflory of an in- 
dividual, or even of one nanoni; but to 
rhe hiAory x>f Man. It refpe£^s the pro- 
• j^fs of the arts ; and an anachronifm 
fCre is of confiderable importance, be- 
tufe, being edablifhed upon a fappofcd 
1^, it bec3mes a precedent for writers 
llfuture ages. I am, dear Sir, 
' Yours, &c. John jAMizsor. 
fifarf Au^, 20. 

ta. U&BAK, 

ntti £ late Dr. Salter, in his preface 
•*''to his edition of Dr. Whichcote's 
Ap^ifms^ takes notice of a cplleAion 
of dbtions faid to have been publilhed 
withbr. Whichcote's name to it, in 
l697i^ut which Dr. Salter fays he had 
l^evenpn. I have now before me a co- 
py ot\ book, the title of whicK runs 
thus : \ A Compendium of Devotion, 
contaiife a TreariTe of Prayer and 
Thank&ing, with Morning and Even* 
V^g Pra|^ ^r eyer^ Dnf ifi the Y/ttky 

iiCf AKa a Seimon of drawing vlifSk to 
God, by the late Rev. Benj. WhichcOt, 
D, D." itmo. Loud. i697.H-This feemv. 
to be the book to> which Dr. Salter re- 
fers. But, from the pun^uation of the 
title, it appears that ^/frmou only w^ 
Dr. Whichcote's^ aAd xhc eomfinSum 
was by an anonymous hand. Trie bodk 
is in the library of Sion College, but the 
^itle in Reading's Catalogue is not accu- 

The fermon is on Pfal. Ixxiti. a8, and 
is faid to be publilhed " as it was Writ 
after him at church." It is not in his 
five volumes of fermons, nor does LeD- 
fome refer to it. 

By the way, I fbould be glad to be 
informed by you, or any of your corre-r 
fpondents^ wncthcr there is any work 
that gives an account of the aucncrs of 
anonymous and pfcudonymous books in 

I beg leave, through the channel of 
your uleful publication, to fuggeft a hint 
to the authors and puhliflicis of works 
accompanied with plates, vk^ at the 
end of the work to give a corre6^ lid of 
the plates, and the pages to which thev • 
ihould be prefixed. For want of this, it 
, is impoinble to know when a copy of 
a book is perfect. T. S« 

Mr. Urban, Maj^ 26* 

IN anfwer to a Quere in p. 244, " who 
** is the prefent Lord Aylmerf** I 
take the liberty of fending you the fol- 
lowing particulars. When the late Lord 
Aylmer went with his lady into Ireland^ 
be left a fon at nurfe (I believe fome- 
where about Southampton, but am not 
certain); the nurfe took care of this 
Ton for fome time 9 but, receiving n<i 
remittances, ihe at laft went to Ladj 
Wh ■ ■, the grandmother, and deli* 
vered the boy to her lady (hip, who has 
taken care of him ever fince; «nd I 
fancy he is now with his grandmother. 
He is the prefent Lord Aylmer ; but it 
is not improbable he may have brothers 
orfiftcrs. FmAR Bacon* 

Ma# UiiBAN, Lticifierp 4h?. %K 

YOUR corr^pondent, p. ^xs, fcems 
to be of an opinion, net very un- 
common with writers of his con^lexion, 
. that every thing inexplicable to themp 
felvea is impenetrable by the AcuteneCs 
of the reft ot mankind*. Every pedba 
who confiders the Appearance ot Mr. 
W ray's infcription, or the ttafon oiF the 
thio|^ will be conviocfed that an Engliili 
otte li concealed under the Greek in- 

^99 Mr. Wray's Infcripthn.^OmiJfmi in Btogr. Briuimiqu 

iciipdo&» wbichy sliovghlic or I may be 
unable to diicow^^ may- probably be de- 
cypbered by (bme more happy eeoius^ 
I.have myfelf made out many fyllablesy 
and «v«n whole words i and thoTe who 
«ooAder the iitgk encomiums wkh which 
-Profeilbr Ward received the deception^ 
4vili not readily incline to fuppofe ic only 
« modern Greek m^ription, which any . 
one who iiaderflanda ihe language migli^ 
fabricate wkhout die abilities or aa(i« 
quarian (kill of Mr. Wrzy, Q^emcun* 
ique tandem habeat finem difpuutio haoc 
aoftra ; yoiir correfpondenc fliould have 
been more cautious than to have aiTc ried 
that nobody but the Shfewibury letter^ 
writer has formed lihis opinion of the 
infer iptton fn difpute; I can alTurc him^ 
chat royfcif, and many others, at rhtt 
di (lance from^ and without any commu- 
nication with, tkat pUce, liad conceived 
tlie fame ideas long before they faw aojT 
of the numerous applications tor an ex- 
planation which appeared fince the Brft 
.infertion of the ialci-iptton in your va«* 
ioaUe mifcellany. The matter in de»- 
'bate is undoukedly of lixtle importance, 
yet I believe it would oblige many of 
your readers if fome one would attempt 
io unravel this myftery. 

I beg leave to inform W* and D^ p. 
500, if ignorant of it, that J. Davi^, of 
Kidwelly, tranilaied the travels of Olea- 
riut and Mandeflo^ an admirable work» 
frequently quoted as fuch by the mo(l 
enoinent writers, as Koyie, Buffon, Pen • 
nant, &c. ; and to which the amiable 
Mr. Han way has been much obliged }. 

The accounts hirhcno publiSied of 
the private life of th^ ^^^ ^^ Bentley 
are fo Ihamefully defeaive, that it wiU 
become vou 10 requeft your correfpon- 
dents' amdance to contribute fuch infor^- 
mation on the fubje£l as enquiry and 
tradition can fupply : his article in the 

i Ic may not, perhips, be univcrfally 
known, that many of our modern wits are 
indebted for their happieft effuiions to this 
author, CO whom however they have unge- 
ncroufly concealed their obligation. Thus 
Moliere has borrowed from che^ fetond book 
an anecdote upon which he has ereAed the 
fuperflru^ure of the Medecin malgr^ lui, 
adapted to the Euglifh ftage by Fielding, 
nndn* the name of The Mock Ddetor. The 
Xtory of 'Valentius and Baiilias in the Speo- 
tator is taken from the fifth book, p. 189, 
Englim tranflatioD ; and- a paflTige of this 
.vrficer, book vi. p. 250, ha^ fuggefted to 
Mr. Spf nee a beautiful llory, via The Tales 
of the Genii, cfSad«k'» voyage in fearch of 
the fountain of oblivion. Maoy other In- 
ftanees might ^ addi'ccd j but Chcff wiil 
fu£ce at prefent, 

Biograpbia if by 00 mcaii^ e^al id mot 
Xfthert ID ibat cekbraced collf£kion« . 

Having mentioned this woft» peilnit 
sie to {v£§o» a iew nnam^ of whi^'th^ 
omilfioQ appeared iittpropcry ^ aa Ittftf 
iiifpedion of thetWo hrft;volttQi«s. 

^Jofepb Amu, the ^pograjihia^ aBli»* 

Anne ik&ew, the martyr* Dr. John- 
ion hat peeler ved a didum of this la^y^ 

Nathanael Bacon, fo dua cic^d anl 
prufed by Hard in hit Dialoguety hut 
ttrmed by Barnngton a paaial and fyf- 
iematic writer. 

, ^ Ballard, Gcorse, the biographer. 

Beak, bi&op of Durham, the «onpt- 
fpondent of Baliol. 

Bed well, editor of the Tumameot of 
Tottenham, prefer ved in Percy ; he is 
fpoken of by Granger, Wollf, te* as 
cited in a Yormcr Mag, 

''^Anne Boleyn« 

Bradihaw, the prtddenCi of whop 
diere is an anecdote, vol. I. p» 189. 

^Breval, a writer of travels and plays, 
mentioned in the f)unciad. 

Broome, t\\% tranllator of Horace; fpo* 
ken of by Granger ; and praifed by 
Cowley, in his Eifav on Obfcurity f. 

^ Broome, the aflidant of Pope in thii 
tracflation of the OdylTey. 

^ Tom Brown, who is commended by 
Dr. Johnfon, in bis Life of Drydeq. 

^ Sir William Blackflone :-«4nd un* 
doubtedly Inanymore, deferving t^t ho« 
nour, which have no( occurred, to which 
I make no doubt but the ingenious edi« 
tor will hereafter pay proper attention. 
But it cannot be expef^ed that, in the 
Variety of his literary labours, he can 
conficLer every inferior competitor for 
fame who is not forced into notice b' 
the luflre of his talents. It may l)e fal 
of thefe and other lives, that tl>ey 
of too little imponance to be compri/jl 
in the Biograpbia: I anfwer, that ^ 
cannot at leaft be £aid of «i/ of xhp^t 
and of the i-eft, none are fo unwortlT a 
place in tlntt repofitory of Britift^ jory 
as many who have received ^uc hoiMff** 
able teAimony. , p 

If there be any thing of contrai^Al 

E'Qinefs in tlie formet part x ^is 
letter, it will, I hope» be p^ocd 
ofe who condder that the tJuience 
of petulance is contagious, and 1^ va-> 
nitv and felf-conceit are at all i^e^ fa)« 
miat^ to excite indignation <d afpg* 

• * Of aU marked « the Uvea avabeca 
given in tbe Biog. Difb &vow £t?f 

t See aMre of Broome ta Lan^aine, .and 
Walsan'i Aoglcri 9L Uawkin^i ^a3Lyil 

ifkip Seaburf.-Scotdi l^ijUp^ 

f&f. Mf WtifMdft vavf perhaps think 
wnac I have here mentioiied vrorthy a 
reply t I afliire yoa, howef«r» thac in 
fttcure your peges, which are inttndod 
Wt hcticrjHirpo&Sy'lhall never be ftabad 
by any efforts of mine in thi» branch of 
writing. W.B. 

Mr. UaBARf 

A LETTER of miaey which you fa* 
▼oared with a place in your Ma- 
gazine for April lad, pp. s78«— 280, has 
been aceotBpanied by your editor and a 
friend' of his,, and followed by an epif- 
copal clergyman, pp. 4^7^—440, with fuch 
ftnAures as lay one under a lieceflity of 
a^iB trcfpailing on you with the follow- 
ing reply. 

Your editor begins with pointing out 
an error occaBoned by my quoting from 
memory y p* 105 of your February Ma* 
gizine. . The difference between * a 

* great e^ent,' and * an event which mud 
' be produ£^ive of important confe* 

"" ' queaces/ is certainly material t but in 
committing an inaccuracy which wea* 
kens my argument, I can have no fear 
left your readers fliould accnfe me of 
ai^nex difingenuoully. The fdRival 
which conftitutes in our villages the 
King of a Whitfun-ale, or Queen of the 
May, is certainly to them ^ a great e* 
' vent/ but not * an event fraught with 

* important confequences/ if, rcfuming 
the ipade and milk -pail as fooo as the 
holiday is over, they return to their ori* 
giaal occupations; the only imponant 
confecjnence fuch diftin6tioD can pro* 
duce 18, the puffine them up with va* 
iuty, and malcine them idle and dillb* 
lute. I own I have R»y fears lei^ the 
high honours conferred on Dr.. Seabury 
ftottld have an cflfcft iimilar to the fine 
cidatha which^ Horace fays, Eutrapclus 
diftribuied among thofe to whom he 
9mtd a gfudge, h^ cauGng him to af- 
fume undue Itate, and forget the duties 
of a plebeian miflionary : as to any o- 
dier confequence, it would be almoft e« 
qaally ridiculous to fuppofe the King 
and Q^een I have juft mentioned flrong 
cnoQgfk t» i^ake the foundations of the 
Britifli throne, as that a prelate confe- 
crated by Scotch nonjurors Ihould alter 
the relif^n countenanced by The Thir- 
teen United States, or meet with any 
fao^OB hooi a majority of thofe Ame- 
ricans of whom Junius twelve years ago 
obfervedy that, * tfiivi as they wem into 
' a thoufand fc^ an abhorrence of the 
' fuperciUoi^ hvpocrify of a biihop was 
' the oiic poioc in which they iH agreed.' 
TorMI ml am. again i» quote froofrinc-* 


mory, having no. Jmitts to eonfuk, I 
ftrive, after 3ie reproof I have met with^ 
to be as corre6k as poilible ; and if fuch 
inaccuracy produce ezpreflioiis Icit cour* 
teous than I could* have wtftedto qvote, 
it is my calamity, and not WB/f fault. 
The obfervation of iny commentator^ 

* that biibops may coofecrate bifliom,' 
is not admilTible without forac fluafifi* 
cation ; they are bound, both li}Mlaw and 
religion, to * lay hands fuddenly on no 
< man.' Mayors of corporatioos xctana 
members to parliament, when duly cho- 
fen by the ele^ors; companions of the 
different orders of knighthood inveft o^ 
thers with the fame honours, hut nan 
whomfoeter they pleafe *. In the 13 d 
anicle of tlie church of England it is 
required < that every minifterf (and much 

* more every man who aifumcs the titl»' 

* of biaiop)^be iawfuUy called an|l •feae 

* by thofe who have fuhbc avtbtrity* 
Calling in both this claufe and the law 
of 1748 to my fupport, I ftand clearly 
juftiiied in fpeaking of the confecratio» 
in queftfon as not only unauthorifed, bus 
forbidden both by canon and (Vatute law, 
and therefore totallj^ void %, If the (ban- 
ger who merely claims right of commoo 
on an exteniive wafte, be lefs obnoaioiM 
to its maneri^il owner than he who af» 
fames the title of Lord Paramount; the 
Engliih Pre&vterians I fpoke of, who 
reft content with the modeft^ (mifprintecA 
Rsodem) appellation of DifTenting Mi- 
nifters, can by no means give* the fame 
juft caufe of uitibrage to the eftablilhed 
religion of iheif country, as they who m 
Scotland afTert the divine right of epif-^ 
copacy (at the fame time calling th^m^ 
fiivu bifliops) muft do to the kirk there t 
nor are the two notes of my cenfurer,. 
in regard to its not being the nature of 

< their profeffion to take upon them any 
higher rank, any reply to what I have . 
aiTerted, bu: rather an alTcnt, 

Where mcu's oply side arifcs fronk 
ancient ufagj, they are generally tena- 
cious of the minuteft formSf and have 
hardly ever liccn known to deviate from 

• Mayors, knights, &c. havetheirhcnour, 
power, 5cc. under the king. The king is 
the head of the Eflablifhcd Church only. 
Former Anno^ator^ 

f «i>5. of the church of England. ThH 
article is no more houndcn on che roiniftefs 
(or bifbopi) of Scotland, than they aie 00 
(faofe of Qori»tc and CotHiedrcat. lHd» 

J The »ppolnrment (or ele^ion) of a pref- 
byrer is, in like mxnner^ void in an EnglifVi 
prdbyterian flMering. A bifbop is ft)u»li/ 
eflential (q a Scotch fijiifcopaliafi Church. 




<emt predeceflbn, o^ ibMe- tUnr cUim* 
la mny OK fiagle iaftanec, uolcfi wherC 
tfle; ncm wbollj to ibandan thaitii I 

went ok ihii gMtral prerumption in .. 

ceoeWiD^, that « sMttinat Archbilhop ^| 'HE ingtnioji wdlearaed icfewArf. 

of Si*. AiMrew't (KU ciiftedi but ■m .■'■ of muy litcfui in this agti oa tl)* 

«Ud to find myfelf ia the wrong : fuch iffiotty ud origig oF the laagiunt o^ 

fyraptOm of ■ rclnni to (oBaiT rearoa nitioii) nr remote, and the clocidationf 

gitn me ibc greater pleafure, btcmfe I of the Incient hiftoi; of mankiiid, which 

(raft it wiU be the fame io chii cafe ai fereral refpedable hifloriuii have dc- 

ia that of the PteteDder ta thn BtitiOt duced from ihofe rcTeatchei, ^*e a atW 

ibroae, on whof* finking from the tide chinn, a more decifirc, and a more phi- 

of Friace Chirki to tint of Duke * of lofophicaf dircflioa to i lludjr which hi'' 

AlbiBf, I immediately vceiurcd lo au- therto (eemed dr^, dirigreeable, and e- 

Sf that we (bould hear liKk norc of *en bairea and friToloui, to fonii; faper-i, 

n or his picienrioiii. ficii] mindi. Io perurmg the workt of' 

ProteftanCB of variout couotrieti who one Count de Gcbclin, ^m« inielligcBC 

b; DO meant accord to many of their re- fencimenti dejivettd by the author oa 

Iwoui ttneti, unicc in priifing Joha that fubjefl muth furprife m i and we 

Kdok (or having been ■ man of un- cannot but regret thn thii laboriou* 

daunted courage, and fuperior (o every writer has not reduced all the lantpiajw* 

fellilh eonfidetition. It ii gcaerally aW of the world to hii mefhoil. After the 

lowed that he deferred (b* fame which analyGt and the happy comparifon of 

haa been Ihawered down on hii memory, fuch ts lie had been able to coHefi, iho 

for having Dood foremoft in chat illuf- , knowledge of ihofe, which the Interior; 

nioui band who fttunk not from tite parts of Alia mi){ht haie fupplted him, 

Enevoufncft of fo unequal t confliA, would without doubt have led him to! 

ut fought to their lateft gafp agiinft tl^e (bme djfcovciies Itill Audi iDore'tBtefeft- 

RomiQi Antichrifti let us remember too in^. 

thai he fought ind triumphed. Why The empire of KulTia, which extendi 

then am I to be Tingled out ' ai (liiking over a great pan of Afia, ■ country 

*'■! ofi epifcopicy,' merely from having unknown to the leafned till the^dme of 

paid a very fmall and inadequate tribute Perer the Great, certainly Mntaiat mors 

to the aflies of that great mm, to whom ^ nations and people, languagci and dia- 

the eftiblilhed religion of his countrv is lefts, than any other kiogdom in tbtf 

fo much indebted } The le*. Mr. World. The narrow fpace of Cauufutr 

Granger, vicir of Shiplake, who wrote inhabited by people few in numbcri, 

the Biographical Hifiory of England, and contiguous to each other, nnitef 

has never, that I know, been nAcfted more than twenty-two dialers of eight 

npon for having faid, that ' the intrepid or nine different languages. Sibenaa 

'zeal and popular eloquence of Knox which ii much larger, affords ■ ftill 

'qualified him for the great work of greater number t and the peninfuli of 

'reformation in- Scotland, which per- Kamtchaika alone, whore populati 

] of Chi 

difcovery by the Rufliant 
feemed only to have commenced, coo- 
tained nine various diilefli of three he- 
terogeneous languages. Mod of ihefc 
languages are much more nmn|;ly 
marked, and hare much left leferoblaace ' 
to each other, and all thofe of Europe* 
thaoAie European languages have retained 
of the ancicni Celtic. What a Ipaciout 
field uf difcuvciicj, and what exicnfive 
IcIToni for hilioty, muft a judiciou* reader 
find in a colleflion of this great variety 
of languif^es of people whole origin ana 
m'.^ialions are, for the molt part, ut- 
icT>f urknuwn to ui, and whole tiiflc- 
renc tiibts are otteo fcpiralcd trom each 
other by i:iiincole diftanccs, and fome- 
ut Jimet II. ^prapcilr timei in fo Imall a number, that the 

\tfn'i>^Znat<Aidi- language ii in dangu oj being ea'i"- 

thiE the epifcDpal hierarchy which Knox 
Oppofed was tainted with the worft ex- 
cefles of Popery, as may be proved, a- 
mong other indancei too numerous to 
recite, from its dragging the Tcnerable 
Wifhart to [he n>kc. 

Having infcnlibly extended this to a 
length beyond what I expeftcd, by go- 
ing through, In the order they oceurtEd, 
the notes which accompanied my former 
kttcr j 1 muft poDpone ihe ronfidera- 

S'oo cf what the Epifcopil CIcrgvi 
as alleged againft ~ ' ' 

L. L. 

« the 

a farther 

Glojjary of all Languagis.^^^omsin AnilquUjn . 693 

]pii(hed with the people ? able of foreign languages ; fo that this 

Mofty however, of thefe languages colIefHon (lill exceeds, though it has 

have hitherto remained a hidden treafure only continued during a year» all at« 

^or the learned t they have not even at- tempts that have hitherto been made in 

tempted to unite, on an uniform plan» this kind, and is dill continually aug- 

any confiderable number of words in mented by materials of every fpecies. 
languages already known. The endea- Htr Imperial Majifiy intends that this 

▼ours of fome to tranflate the Lord's colle6^ion fiiall be printed for the public 

Prayer, or fome other, feries of phrafes, ufc. It will be arran|;ed in fuch a man- 

into di^reot languages, are very xm- ner, that each word (hall have its tranila- 

perfe£l. and infufficient, and have only tions annexed in all the language^ that 

rendered at mod a hundred languages they can pofCbly be obtained, l^'t this 

and diale^ks, that is to fay, ne^rlv a method, and by a clallification of thofe 

tliird part of thofe which exid. l^any tranflations, according to their meaning, 

fcholars and hifloriographers have com- the affinity of languages will become 

pared a fmall num))er of ancient or mo- more apparent, and mcir comparifon 

dern languages ilfuing from one com- more eafy. The true pronunciation of 

men origin. Bcridet the refource of words will l)e exprelTed with the mod: 

di^onarii:s, there are alfofome feparate fcrupulous exa£tnefs by an uniform and 

and detached vocabularies, generally fettled orthography. A general table of 

fcanty^andfeldomcorrefpondinj? with each languages, both as to their meaning and 

cythcr, in modern vovagers. But no one their countries, will ferve as an mtro- 

has hitheno colledled die languages du6Uon to tiiis work, of which the learn* 

which the difpcrfion and divificns of cd, cfpLcially thofe who arc intcrcfted in 

manlcind, and the influence of revolu- th«: undertaking, will be fenfible of its iin- 

ttons, and of moral, phy(icaT, and poli* portance and difficulty, and will there- 

tipal caufcj, during a long feries of ages fore know how to appRxiatc its merit, 
and generations, have pioduccd in the Her Imperial Majrftj having been 

habitable regions of fo many climates. pleafed to nominate me to the uipeiin- 

Tbis vail entcrprizc, which mud at tcndence of the tvpographica! part of this 

length conduce to folve the problem of w^osk, :ill row hitherto unattcmptcd, of 

theexidence of a primitive language, has this I cannot too foon apprife the public, 

been refcrved to tlie prcfent age. Ca- whofe impatience will equal my ardoui to 

TH£RINE II. has deigned to develop this tuliil the didinguifhed commands of my 

unexplored region of Littrature. To iovertign. P. S. Palla£. 

ferve as a haHs for an univcrfal and com- St. PeUrJburg, May as, 1765* 
parative jiloflary of all languages, bfr _- 

Imperial Majefty hab hcrfelf made a fe- ^^^- ^RBAN, 

IcSion of the words mod clTeuHal, and T^ your Mair. for 177^, p. 61, an ih- 

mod generally ufed among the lead cul- ^ /*:"'''"' anonymous correfpondent 

livaicd people. Hcrr empire alor.c might i«^^' '^^ ^ Roman pig of lead in Hints 

furnith for this glouarv of all the Tan- Common*, in the manor of Ralph 

guages adopted on the globe, and, al>ovc ^ 'o>'«^r, efq. m the couivty of Stafford, ui 

all, a coiifu'.crablc numlnrr of thefc 1U»1 «II'» with this inicription, IMP. VhSP. 

unknovvn to the K-arncd. VII. T. lAIP. V. Of, or I.M- 

In tlii> icIcUion the preference i«; y;iven peratore VesPASIANO feptlmum 

to lubftantiv'j* ai.d aOjcdivcs that aic al>- TlTO Imperatore qnintiim CquJuIc : 

folutely ncciray and commno to the which anfwcii to the year 75 or 76.: 

mod barbarous la'neuaj^cs, or which ferve witli the word UECEA on one fide, and, 

to trace tlie piogrcls of agricultu'c, or of at a didance the letter O. This your 

fome arts and dcmentary knowledge of corrcfpondcnt conjectures to have been 

one people to another. To render this ** a c, made bv the ruporintcndjnt of 

gtoifary more complete and tnlirudlne, '< the n:i(ie, or furnace, to (hew, cither 

the pronouns, advcibsi, and fome verb?, '' thai itie pig had paid duty, or was of 

with the numerical words, whofe great ** due weij^hr, or of proper purity." 

ufe for the comparifon of languages is lUit a much more probable o^ in it>n h.iv- 

well known, hat'c Ixrcn admitted. ing been fince fuggcdcd by Mr. Pcn- 

Belides this excellent model, all the nant (in his curious " Tour in Waks^ 
language^ and .diah:6ls of the vad em- 1773," vol. I. p 58), give me leave to 

pire of Kuifia have l)een coUcilcd, togc- me ntion, that *' deck A had once be* 
thcrwhh a number Hill mote todliacr- "^ai ^ee alio vol. ALlT. 5 jli, LIU. 936. 

^AdiT. Mao. Stpttmb^t l^%%. *' iweca 

^96 Mlfcellanioui Remarks. — ff^/g ^Ricb. Ill, — Spirituous' Liquors^ 

9th day of 0£^obcr, i.76»» aged 70 
yeart) and carried with him to his grave 
the tears of his family* the regret of 
his friends, and the bleifings of the 
poor. By his afRi£lcd widow this mar- 
ble is eredVed, in remembrance of her 
irreparable lofs,*' 

Ma. Urban, 

Sipt. 9. 

ALLOW me to point out an error 
in the appropriation of the ele?ant 
epigram in p. 559. The £ngli(h, which 
you have printed, was the original, and 
the produftion of Mr. Tyr\vhitt ; the 
Creek was a tranflation by Sir W. Jones. 

The article In p# 62 c is an infiance of 
the difficulties that obftru£l the mdd di- 
ligent iftveftigation of private biogra- 
phy. The Memoirs of Mr. Hall are 
evidently compiled by an intimate 
friend ;' yet he is there faid to havb been 
** a fmgle man." On the contrary, he 
was married to Mifs Carfan, the 
daughter of a furgeon at Lambeth, who 
ufcd to ajtend at the palace. They had 
four or five children *. The pamphlet 
mentioned in p. 626, col. a, by " The- 
©phancs Cantabrigienfis," was not by 
Dr. Chapman, but by Bp. Squire, for 
-whom it is claimed by Drt Dodd in a 
lift of his patron's works. 

*I obferve in the Bury Poft of Sept. 7, 
that a (mall monumental record is pro- 
pofcd to be placed by fubfcription over 
'liarf Hajleton (not Singleton, as your 
publication and others have given it), 
the young pcrfon who was killed by 
lightning. The vcrfes in p. 666 will 
be copied on the tomb. 

The juftly celebr^ited Markland (fee 

. Z90), haa four fitters: i. iMrs. Fo- 

cy, wife of Robert Foley, cfq. father 
to Sir Robert; a. Mrs. Dwyer, and, 3. 
Mrs. Howe, both widows; 4. Catha- 
rine, dill living at Liverpool unmarried j 
to whom Mr. Bowyer bequeathed 500 1. 
In vol. XLIV. p. 171J you have a 
ftory of Sir W. Kytc's fctting fire to his 
houfe, and burning himfcif. In what 
year did this event happen ? 
/ I could wi(h to fee m your Mifcclla- 
Ay fume account of the ancient and ex- 

* This paragraph it a proof ol lit own 
fallibil'ty, not 01 ihe aniclc it has arraigned. 
Afr. If'il «/ HarhitJuivn was ccrtaialy un- 
marrird, as related. The agreeable lady 
(ahorement'oned) ftill living, and again a 
relift, was firft married to Charles Hi*//, D.D. 
one of Archb'lhop Seeker's domcltic chap- 
Jaini ; and, by his parronage, dean of UKiek* 
log, and reAor of Allhailnws, Breiff-iirect. 
Jit left (everal children. £01 r. 



tenfive.manfion at Bromley in Middlc« 
fex, fome time occupied by Mr Sharpcv 
and now by Mr. Bland, as an academy 
for young gentlemen. M. Y. 

Mr. Ukbak, Mtmkk, Juh 1$. 

AMONG the many readers of your 
extenfiyely-fpread Mifcellany, the 
following quciy may poffibly obtain a 

Anne, fitter of the Emperor Venccf^ 
laus, and wife pf Richard IIL is buried 
in Wcftminflcr Abbey. In Rymer's 
Fccdera^ ad an» 1395. De imaginibus 
et apparatu pro tuntba nuper Reginae a 
Richarden. <* Et une table du dit me- 
tal endorr^, fur laquelle tabic fcron fait 
aves que une frettc de fleur de iys, Ic- 
ons, igUst^ leopardes," &c. 

A triend of mine at Prague,, who is 
writing the Life of Venccflaus, wiflies 
to know if this table Hill exifts, and 
what the eagles are. Are they t'wo or 
more JingU eagles fupporting the arms ? 
or, are thev double-beaded eagles, fuch as 
the Imperial eagle now is } Is there any 
drawing of this or thcfe eagles any 
where ? You will oblige me, Mr. Ur- 
ban, by anfwering, or getting me an* 
fwercd, thcfe queltions. W. C. 

*'4lk* ASuBSCRiBca is hereby informed^ 
that ihe curious antiquities defcribcd by 
W. F. in p. 41 8» were all difcovered in 
Yorklhirc. Where Swarton is (fee p. 317) 
weiwifhto know. This is meationcd, as 
panicularly wi(bin|; '< to be civ'd**^ 

For the following curious Enquiry into 
the EffeQi a/*SpiRiTUou$ Liquors 
upon the Human Bo:iy, and their IuJIk-* 
ence upon the HapfiHiJi of Society, our 
Rea.ieri art indebted to BsinJAMIN 
Rush, M. D, Profejor oj Cbemifrj 
in ihe Vni'verjity oj Pbiladelphia, 

BY ipirits I mean all thoi'e liquors 
which aie obtained by diit illation 
from the fermented juices or i'ubltaoccs 
of any kind. Thtic liquois «\ere for- 
merly ulcd only in medicine : they now 
conftitute a principal part of the drinks 
of many countries. 

Since the iutrodu£lion of fpirituous 
liquors into fuch general ufe, phyiicians 
have .remarked tb*it a number of new 
diicafes have appeared amoi^g us, and 
have dcfcribed many new fymptoms as 
common to old dileafes. Spirits, in 
their firil operation, arc (limulating upon 
the fyilem. They quicken the circula- 
tion of the bloody and produce Ibme 
heat in the body. Soob ieUici wards th«y 


Chimical Inquiriii Into ihi EffeQt df Spirituous Liquors. 697 

beeome what is called fedative ; that is, liquors. It would take up a volume to 

th«y dimiDiih the aflion of the vital defcribe how much other difordirrs na* 

powerty and thereby produce languor tural to the htiman body are incrcafcc! 

and weaknefs. and complicated by them. Fvcry fpc' 

The effe^s of fpirituous liquors upon cies of inflammatory aad putrid fever i$ 

the human body in producing difeafes rendered more frequent and more obOi- 

are fometimes grndual. A ftrong con- natc by the ufc of fpiriruous liquors. 

Aitution, efpecially if i^"be aiiifted with The danger to life from the difeafes 

conftant and hard labour, will counter- which have been mentioned is well 

a6^ the de{lru£ttvc effects of fpirits for known. I do not think it extravagant 

many years, but in general they pro- therefore to repeat here what has been 

duce the following difeafes : often faid, that fpirituous liquors <te> 

1. 'A ficknefs at the flomach, and ftroy more lives than the fworxi. V\'5»r 
vomiting in the morning. This difor- has its intervals of deftruflion ; hut fp';- 
der is eenerally accompanied with a rits operate at all times and Icafons up- 
want of dppeiitc for brcakfaft. It is on human life The ravages of war 
known by tremors in the hands, info- are confined to but one part of the hu- 
much that perfons who labour under it man fpccies, *iuz. to men ; but fpirits 
are hardly able to lift a tea-cup to their a£i too often upon perfons who are ex- 
heads till they have taken a dofe of emptcd from the dangers of war by age 
fome cordial liquor. In this diforder, or fex ; and, laftly, war di^flroys only 
a peculiar palenefs, with fmall red thofc perfons who allow the ufe of anri 5 
Areaks, appear in the eheeks. The to be lawful ; whereas fpirits infmuate 
fleih of the face at the fame time has a their fatal effcfbs among people whofc 
peculiar fulneft and flabbincfs, which principles are oppolcd to the cffufion of 
are very different from found and human blood. 

healthy fat. Let us next turn our eyes from the 

2. An univerfal dropfy. This dif- effects of fpirits upon health and Tife to 
order begins firil in the lower limbs, their efie£Vs upon property; and here 
and gradually extends itfclf throughout frefli fcenes of mifery open to our view, 
(he whole body. I have been told that Among the inhabitants of cities they 
the merchants' in Charleilown, in South produce debts, difgrace, and bankrupt- 
Carolina, never trul^ the planters when cv. Among farmers they produce idie- 
fpirits have produced the firft fymptom nefs with its ufual confequences, fuch as 
of this fecond diforder upon them. It houfes withopt windows, barns without 
is very natural to fuppofc, tliat induftry roofs, gardens without inclofures, fields 
and virtue have become excin6i in that without feivces, hogs without yokes, 
man whofe leg^ and feet are fwelled (heep without wool, meagre cattle, 
from the ufe or fpirituous liquors. feeble horfes, and half-clad dirty chiU 

3. Obllru6tion of the liver. This dren, without principles, morals, or 
diforder produces other difeafes, fuch manners. This picture is not exagge- 
as an inflammation, which fometimes rated. 1 appeal to the obfervation of 
proves fuddenly fatal ; the jaundice ; every man in Pcnnfylvania, whethet 
abd a dropfy of the belly. fuch fcenes of wrctchednefs do not foU 

4. Madnefs. It is unoecelTary to de- low the tracks of fpirituous liquors ia 
fcribe this difeafe with ail its terrors and every part of the date, 
confequences. It is well known in If^we advance one ftep further, and 
every townlhip where fpirituous liquors examine the efte6ls of fpirituous liquors 
ate ufed. upon the moral facultj, the profpe£t will 

5. The palfy, and 6. the apoplexy, be dill more didrelling and terrible. 
Compleat the group of difeafes produced The tirft cffefis of fpirits upon the mind 
by fpirituous liquors. I do not alTcrt fliew thcmfelves in the iemper, I have 
tiiat thcfc two diforders are never pro- conftantly obferved men, who are intox- 
^ucc4 by anv other caufes{ but 1 main- icatcd in any degree with fpirits, to be 
tain, that fpirituous liquors are the moll peevilh and quarrclfbme ; arrer a while, 
frequent caufcs of them; and that when they lofe by degrees the moral fcnle, 
t pre-difpofition to them is produced They violate promifes and engagements 
by oilier caufes, thev are rendered more without lliame or remorfe. From thcfc 
certain and more dangerous by the in- deficiencies in veracity and fntcgrity, 
temperate ufe of fpirits. they pafs on to crimes of a more heinous 

1 have only named a few of the prtn- nature. It Would he to diflionour liu- 
alpil -diibnler^ pioduccd by. fpirituous man nature only to name then)# 

^^ tiffkSh of Spirhuows Liquors.^^ydir reummtaiii. 

Tliu« hare I in a few wordt pointed 
mxt the eire£b of ipirituout liquors upoa 
the lives, cflAtes, aod fouls, of my fel- 
low-creati^rct.— Their mifchicfs may be 
fumttied op in a few words. Tlicy fill 
our church-vards with premature graves 
*-they fill tnc flierifs docket with exe- 
cutions*— they crowd our ^ols— and, 
Uflly, they people the regions— but it 
belongs to another profefuon to ihew 
Cheir terrible confcquences in the future 

1 ihall now proceed to com bit Tome 
prejudices in favour of the ufe of fpiri- 
tuous liquors. 

There are tbree occaiions in which 
fpirits have been thought to be oeceiTar j 
and ufeful. 

I. In very cold weather. 

9« In very warm weather. And 

3. In times of hard labour. 

i» There cannot be a greater error 
than to fuppofe that fpirituous liquora 
leflcn the effe^s of cold upon the body. 
On the contrarVy I maintain that they 
dways render the body more liable to 
be aiTe^cd and injured by cold. The 
temporary warmth they* produce is 
always fucceeded by chillintrs. If any 
thmg befides warm cloothine and exer- 
dfe it neceflary to warm the body in 
cold weather, a plentiful meal of whole- 
ib^e fbod is at all times fufiiciem for 
that purpofe. This,' by giving a tone 
to the ftoraach, invigorates the whole 
fyftem, while the gentle fever created 
by digtftion adds coniiderably to the 
natural and ordinary heat of the bo<iy« 
and thus renders it lefs feniible of the 

a. It is equally abfurd to fuppofe that 
f{Hrkuous liquors leflen the eficfis of 
heat upon the body. So far from it, 
they rather increafe them. They add an 
internal heat to the external hent of the 
fun; they difpole to fevers and inflam* 
•nations of the mod dangerous kiud ; 
they produce prrtemacural Iwcnts which 
weaken, inftead of a uniform ond gentle 

Srfpiration which exhilaiartr^rhc body, 
alf the diicaArs which are laid to be 
produced by warm weather, i «m pcr- 
fbadcd, arc produced by the fpirits 
which are fwallowcd to leflfcu its cfie^ts 
upon the fyilcm. 

3, I maintain, with equal confidence, 
that fpirituous liquors do not leflen the 
eCTc^s of hard labour upon the body. 
Look at tlic horfe with every muicle of 
his body fweiled from rooming till night 
;n the plough Or the tsam, doib he make 

ligns for fpirits to enable him to elctva 
the earth, or to climb a hill ? — ^Now-* 
He requires nothing but cool wttcB 
and fubtfaiuial {w-^. There b neititer 
firength nor nourifliment in fptrituouc 
liquors \ if they produce vigour in la« 
bour, it is of a tranfient nature, and ia 
always fucceeded with a fenfe of weak- 
nefs and fatigue. Thefe fa£ls arc 
founded ib obi'ervation \ for I have re^ 
pcatedly feen thofe men perform th* 
great eft exploits in work both as to their 
degiccs and duration, who never tailed 
ipiutuous liquors. 

But are there no condititms of the 
human body in which fpirituous hquora 
are required? Yes, there are; 1. In 
thofe cafes where the body has been ex« 
hauftcd by any cauies, an^ faintincis, 
or a ftoppage m the circulation of the 
blood has been produced, the fodden 
fiimulus of f|>irits may be ncceflarj. la 
this cafe we comply firi6tly with the 
advice of Solomon, who confines the 
uic of " ilrong drink" only to him 
/* that is ready to perilh." And^ adly» 
When the body has been long expofcd 
to wet weather, and more efpecialJy if 
cold be joined with it, a moderate 
quantity of fpirits is not only proper, 
but highly ufeful to obviate debility, 
and thus to prevent a fever. 1 take 
thefe to be the only two rafes that can 
occur in which fpirituous liqours are in* 
BOcent or neceffary. 
' But if we reje& fpirits from bein? 
part of our drinks, wehat liquors {hall 
we fubftitute in the room of them > For 
cuflom,. the experience of all ages and 
countries, and even nature hcrnlf, all 
feem to demand drinks more grateful 
and more cordial than iimpic water. 

To this I (hall reply, by recommend* 
ing, in the room of 4>irits, m the firft 

1. Cyder. This exceUent liquor 
contains a Itnall quantity of ft>lrit, but 
fo diluted and blunted by bemg com* 
bincd with an acid and a large quamity 
of (accharine matter and water, as to be 
perie£bly inoficnflve and wfaolefome. It 
difagrees only wkh peribn? fubjcd to 
the rhcudnatiun, but it may be rendeied*^ 
inoffenfivc to ftich people by extineuHb-^ 
ing a red-hot iron in it, oar by diiutiiig 
it with water. It i» cd be lamemted, that 
the late frofts in the fpriog often depritfe 
us of the fruit which affimls this liqiiltr. 
But the eflfcds of dj^fc Irofia have beeh 
in ibnre meaftire ooviatid by givmg an 
orchard a NQ^h^wcft csqiofuxey foa^to 


Earlf MUffms.^^B4ir^^^trtne.'^Vinifar and ff^anr.^^mub, ^6g^ 

fhtck too nrly vegetation, and by 
kindting two or three large fires of bruu 
snd (^raw to windward of the orchard 
the ereninfir before we exped a night of 
finoft. This Uft ^ocdient ha% in many 
inftances within the compafs of my 
knowledge, preferved the fruit of an 
orchard, to the great jor and eraolu- 
tnent of the ingenious huibandman. 

2. Beer it a ivholefome liquor conn- 
tared with (pirits . The grain from 
which it is obtained is not liable, like 
the apple, to be aflfef^ed with froft, and 
therefore it can ;ilways be procured at a 
moderate expcnce. It abounds with 
Boarifhinent!— hence we find many of the 
common people in Great- Britain endure 
hard labour with no other food than a 
quart or three pints of this fiquor, with 
a few pounds of bread a day. I have 
heard with -great plcafure of breweries 
being fet up in fevcral of the principal 
county towns of Pennfylvania; and I 
cfteem it a fign of the progrefs of our 
llate in wealth and happineis, that a 
fiagle brewer io Cljeiier county fold 
above tooo barrels of beer lad year. 
While I \viih to fee a law impofing the 
heavieft taxes on whiiky diQillerics, I 
ihould be glad to fee breweries (at lead 
for fome years) wholly exempted from 

3. Wine is likcwife a wholefoihe 
liquor compared with fpirits. The low 
winea of France, I believe, could be 
drunk at Icfs expence than fpirits in 
this country. The peafants in France, 
who driok thefe liquors in large quanti- 
ties, are a healthy and fober body of 
people. Wines of all kinds yield by 
chemical analyfis the fame principles as 
cyder, but in different proportions ; 
hence they are both cordial and nourilh- 
ing. It U remarked that few men ever 
become habitual drunkards upon wine^ 
It derives itc rclifh principally from 
compaoy, and is fcldom, like fpirituous 
liquors, drunk in a chimney •corner or 
in a dofet. The cflcfls of wine upon 
the lemper arc lliccwife in moll cafes 
dire£^ly oppofite to rhofe that were 
Bientioned of fpirituous liquors. It 
Biuft be a bad heart, indeed, that is 
not rendered more chearful and more 
generous by a few gUlTcs of wine. 

4; Vinegar andWATEXj^fweetened 
with fugar or molail'ts, is the bcft drink 
that can be contrived in warm weather. 
I beg leave to recommend this wholc- 
(<)me mixture to reapers in a particular 
iDioj^er* It is pieaiAat and cooling. It 

promotes pcripiratioa, and refills putre- 
fa6tion. Vineear and water conftituted 
the only drink of the foldiers of the 
Roman republic \ and it is well knowA 
that they marched and fought in m 
warm climate, and beneath a load of 
. arms that weighed fixty pounds. Boazy 
a wealthy farmer in Paleftine, we find 
treated his reapen with nothing bat 
bread dipped in vinegar. Say not 
that fpirits have become neccfTary in 
harveJl from habit and the cufiom of 
the countrv. The cuftom of Avallowing 
this liquid fire is a bad one,- and the 
habit of it may be broken. Let half a 
dozen farmers in a neighbourhood com* 
bine to allow higher wages to their 
reapers than are common, and aTufo* 
ficicnt quantity of Mtjf of the liquors I 
have reconnmended, and they may foon 
abolilh the pra£lice of giving them rpirits. 
They will m a little while be delighted, 
with the good elTcdts of their alToctation. 
Their grain will be fooner and more 
carefullv gathered into their barns, and 
an hundred difagreeable fcencs of fick- 
nefs and contention will be avoided^ 
which always follow in a greater or lefs 
degree the ufe of fpirituous liquora. 
Under this head, I ihould not negle6b to 
recommend butter-milk and water, or 
four mild (commonly cillcd bonneclab-.^ 
her) and water. It will be rendered 
more grateful by the addition of a little 
fugar. Punch is like wife calculated 
to leifen the cSt€t% of heat, and hard 
labour upon the body. The fpirit in 
this liquor is blunted by its union witli 
the vegetable acid. Hence it pofidfTca 
nut only the conllicuent parts, but moft 
of the qualities of cyder and wine. To 
render this liquor perfcflly innocent 
and wholefomc, it mud be drunk loiak 
— in mQdiraie quantities ^-and 9nly in* 
warm weather 

There are certain clalfes of people to 
whom I bc^ leave to fuggcft i cau- 
tion or two upon the ufc or (pirituous 

X. Valetudinarians, efpecially thofo 
who labour under dilorders of the 
(lom<ich anri bowels, are v.rv apt to fly 
to i'pints for relief. Let luch people be 
cautious how they repeat this dangerous 
remedy, I luve known many men and 
women, of excellent chii».i£ters aud 
principles, who have l):'on betrav^ed M^ 
occafional doles oi gin Oi brandy to 
eafe the coiic, into a love of fpintujus 
liquors, inT'imuch thnt they have afier- 
waids faiica Ucrmccs t9 their fatii 


^66 Prifirifattvi Ugainfi IntihnUuHis.'^BdrL-^tiar—todif. 

cffc£li. The ditfepent. preparations of 
opium are a thoufand times more fafe 
and innocent than fpirituous liquors in 
all fpafmodic aflfe^^ions of the flomach 
9nd bowels. So apprehcnAve am I of 
the danger of contracting a love for 
ipirituous liquors, by accuftoming the 
ftomach to their IVimulus, that 1 think 
the fewer medicines we exhibit in 
fpirituous vehicles the better. 

2. Some people, from living in coun- 
tries fubjeA to the intermitting fever, 
endeavour to foirify thcmfclccs againft 
It by two or three glalTes of bittCES 
luade with fpirits every day.— There ra 
great danger of men becoming fots from 
this pra£lice. Be fides, this mode of 
preventing iiucrmirtcnts is by no means 
a certain one. A much better fecuriiy 
againft them is to be found in the 
jLfuits bark. A tea-fpoonful of this 
excellent medicine, taken eveiy morn- 
ing during the iickly fcalbn, has in 
many ihftancts prcfcrved whole families 
in the neighbourhood of rivers and mill- 
ponds from fevers of iall kinds. Thofe 
who live in a fickly part of the country, 
and who cannot procure the bark, or 
who objt.£l to taking it, I would advii'c 
to avoid the inoining and evening nii in 
the Cckly months — to kindle firts in 
their houlcs on damp days, and in coul 
evenings throughout the whole fummer, 
and to put on woollen cloathing about 
the firfl week in September. Tlic lad 
part of this dirc£iion applies only to the 
inhabitants of the middle fta:e$. Thefe 
cautions, 1 am pcrfuaded, will be moic 
elTedlual in preventing autumnal fevers 
tlian the bell preparations that can be 
made from bitters in fpirits. 

3. Men who follow profeiTions that 
require a conftant excrcifc of the mind 
or body, or perhaps of both, are very 
:;pt to fcek relief from fatigue in fpirituous 
liquors; to fuch perfons I would beg 
leave to recommeiul the u(c of tea in- 
(Icad of f pints. Fatigue is occafioned 
by the ob(\ru£lion of {Hrrfpiration. Tea, 
by reftoring pcrfpii4tion, removes fa- 
tigue, and thus iinigorutes the fyfiem. 
1 am no advt^catc for the general or ex- 
ceflive ufe of tea.— When drunk too 
llrong, it is hurtful, efpecialiy to the 
female conAitution; but, wiiendiunkof 
a moderate degree of Arength, and in 
moderate quantities, with fugar and 
cieam or milk, 1 believe it is in general 
innocent, and at all times to be preferred 
to Ipiiituous liquors. One of the moil 
indudrious fchooUnaftcrs I ever knew, 
told me that he had been prefcrved 
fiom the love of ^irituous iic;uors by 

contra£Virig a lovt for tea in early lif!^ 
Three or four diihes drunk in in after* 
noon carried off the fatigue of a whole 
day's labour in his fchool. This gentle- 
man lived to be 71 years of aee,ana after- 
wards died of an acute difeafe, in the full 
exercife of all the faculties of his mind* 

To every «lafs of my readers, I beg 
leave to fiiggeft a caution aeainft the 
ufe of Toddy- I acknowledge that I 
have known fome men who, by limiting 
its ftrength, conftantly by meafuring 
the fpirit and water, and who by drink- 
ing it only with their m ah, have drunk 
toddy for many years without fuffcring 
in any degree from it; but I have known 
many more who have been infcnfibly 
led froin drinking toddy for their con- 
dant drink, to take drams in the morn- 
ing,. and have afterward paid their lives 
as the price of their lolly. I iball 
fele6t one cafe from among many that 
have eome within the cumpafs. of my 
knowledge, to ihew the ordinary pro- 
erefs of intemperance in the ufe of 
ipirituous liquors. A gentleman, once 
' of a fair and .fober charadicr, in the 
city of Philadelphia, for many years 
drank toddy as his conftant . drink. 
From this he proceeded t« drink grog^^ 
after a while nothing would fatisfy him 
but ilings, made of equal parts or rum 
and wH:er, with a little Aigar. From 
flings he advanced to raw rum-— and 
from common rum to Jamaica fpiritt. 
Here he reded for a few months; but 
at la(i he found even Jamaica ipirits 
were not flroug enough to warm his 
flomach, and he made it a conftant 
prafticc to throw a table- fpoonful of 
ground pepper into each glafs of his 
ipirits (m order to ufe his own cx- 
prelfions), *• to take off their coldnefb." 
it is hardly ncceffary to add, that )<e 
foon aftei wards died a martyr to his in- 

1 iliall conclude what has been faid 
of the effects st fpirituous liquors with 
two obfervations. i. A people cor- 
rupted by ftrong drink cannot long be a 
yree people. The ruUrs of fuch a com- 
munity will foon paitakc of tl.c vices 
of that mafs from which they arc 
fecreted, Tind all our laws and govern- 
ments will fooncr or later beai the fame 
marks of the efTcdts of Ipirituous liqwors 
which were dcfcribed formerly upon 
individuals. I fubmit it therefore to 
the con fid CI at ion of the I^egiflaturc of 
Pcnnfylvania, whethci more laws fhi.uld 
not he made to incrcafe the ex pence and 
Iciien the cop.rv.mpiioa of fpiiiiuous 


ti((Oon, and whether feme mark of pub- 
lic infamy ihould not be inili6^ed bj law 
upon every man con vij^ed, before a com- 
mon mtKiftt^Kc, of drunkennefs. 

The fecond and laft obfervatton I 
Ibail offer if of a ferious fiaturc. It has 

(bme anecdotes of each. He was, yo« 
know, the founder of that ill co.nceived 
and bad cnndu£led plan of fettling the. 
colony of Georgia, to the Southward of 
South-Carolina. IJc took with him 
au«u vuw ■• w • .w..v»<. »..«..«. .. ...- forty farpities, who were called xhtjirfi 

t>een remarked, that the Indians have forty, I was not one of the firft jorty 
dimii)i0)ed every where in America fools who went thither with him i but I 
fince their conntxion with the Euro- was fool enojiigh to follow him. I (laid 

nt. This hak been juflly afcnbed there about a year, and being one of the 
« Europeans having introduced fpi- fi^fi fifi'f vvho returned, I was examined 
ritttOut liquors among them. Let thofe by the trudces in Old Palace Yard \ 
meti, who arc c^ery day turning their ' ' " ... 

backs upon alt the benefits of cultivated 
fociety» to ileek habitations in the ncigh- 
bouihood of Indians, confider how far 
this wandering mode uf life is produced 
by the fame caufc which has fcattcred 
and annihilated fo many Indian tribes. 
i^Long life, and the fecure polTefljonof 
property in the land of their anceftors, 
were looked upon as a blcfling ainong 
the ancient Jews.— I'or a fon to mingle 
hii duft with the J jft of his father, was 
t6 a6lt worthy of his inheritance ; and the 
prolpe6l of .this honour often afforded a 
coniolation even in death. However ex- 
alted, my countrymen, your ideas of 
liberty maybe, while vou cxpofe your- 
feives by the ufe of ipirituous liquors 
to thif confcqucn^c of them, you a(rc 
nothing more than the pioneers, or^ in 
more llaviih tc^ms, the " hewers of 
^< wood" of your more industrious neigh- 

If th* fafts that have been ftatid have 
produced in any of niy readers, who 
have fuflcred from the ufe of fpirituous 
liquors, a refolution to abftain from ihcm 

hereafter, I muft beg leave to inform 

them, they muft leave them of[ JtiJdenly 

and uttinfy. No man was t^r gradually 

reformed from drinking fpirits. He mult 

mot only avoid uiling, but even I'melliitg 

them, until long habits of abftincnce 

have fubdued his affection for them. 

To prevent his feeling any inconveni- 
ences from the fuddcn iofs of their Oi- 

mulus upon his ftomach, he fiiould 

drink plentifuHy of Camomile or of any 

other bitter tcA, or a few glafics of 

found old wine every day. ! haVe great 

^leaAire in adding, that t have feen a 

number of people who have been efftc* 

htidlj rcftored to health— to character, 

and to ufefulnefs to their families and 

to Ibcicty/ by following this advice. 

B. kusH. 

Mt. Urban, 

AS General Oglcthotpe's long life 
and manner of living have both 
been fery iingulat, I wiH loon fend you 

and there anfwcring as truly to their 
queflions, as if I had been upon oath, 
1 loft the General's favour, and a pair 
of colours in his new-raifed rcc^imcnt, 
which regiment he nllb lofl in the year 
1745, ^^^ "^' being fo ctofe upon th§ 
beds tf ihe rebels as the Duke of Cumber" 
laud expeBed be JbLuld have been For 
many years after, theGencral was in fuch 
aukvvard circuinftanrcs, thathe praftifed 
phyficin and about BrufieU.. At length, 
however, by means of the Scotch party, 
he was made a half pay General, and 
lived to be iiear an i'undred years old^ 
not an hundred and two^- as has cca 
ailcucd*. T. 

Mr. URBA^f, 

Iwilli much to know who was \\\h. Au- 
thor of *» the Spider arid the Kfy,'* 
publiflied about the middle of the 15111 
century ;— where is t!ie book to be haVl, 
and what is the price > An p.nfu tr rVom 
any of your Corrtfpondcnts will be tl- 
teemed a faVor. W. Ploughshare. 

M<. UflBTAN, Woodhvidgky Au^, i^^ 

I Should be obliged to any of your 
learned coriclpotKlents for fome ac- 
count ol Ihonvas Scckford, cfir. one of 
the mailers of rcquefls, and furvcvorof 
the court of wjirus and liveiics, in liid 
reign ot Q^ Eli2:al>eih. 

A Wo iomc acdount of William Ho- 
ning, of Carlton in Sufiblk, touardv il- 
hifiratiog a faiinily pi£^urc of that name, 
confiiliri^ of ih portraits, fappofcd to 
have been painrcd by Maik Gaitaid in 
1585. i^evcfsi \A the gentlemen, in all 
probulVilicy, icivcd againll the Sp^nilh 

'■%* The piaurc alluded to nciII be 
ihewn to any genticman dclirous rt icc- 
ing it. R. l.Q D F. R . 

* That the Gc:iicr<»1 Choald havf bren aJ- 
mit'fd at Oxh>rd in 1714, p. 517, is (carccly 
crc«l blr, as ne w;«i in Italy chr year ii)t«r 
with the Ballot l'ct«TSoruugh He waf cre- 
•trd M. A- ol tUri.'l Cnurch, July 31, 1731. 
biiL'Olt.f C*'auuattf%. Jiuxi. 

2p^ , Epigram •n a tfermaphroHu.^^Oxfoti ^Almqnadd • ^ 

Mr. Urban, oommend fome Tiewt W'hich will 9sJk# 

YOU have, i^a doubt, nfren heard of as ornamental prints for the a^minack 

the famous Latin Epigram on a as any hitherto engrav^ } and he is 

Hermaphrodite. It^was written by Pu- particularly bgld to propofe this^aihc 

lex de buftoza Viccotinus, of Pulci dc 
Cuf^ozza, a town about fix miles from 
Vicenza. Menage, in the fourth vo- 
lume of his Mifccllanies, gives fome 
account of the author, and the tranfla- 

bclicvcs e\'cry building properly be* 
longing to the univeriity hath been al* 
ready engraved, Ibme of thfim from 
views on every fide, therefore the wri- 
ter thinks It would not be amift if a 
little attention was'paid to the citv and 
its environs. The mini of Ofeney, 

tions of his Epigram into Greek and 
French, which you may confult at your 

leifure. What I am now going to pre- Rcwley, and Godftowe claim the firft 
fent you with is in Engliih, and if it notice, particularly as the venerable re- 
has any merit, ^t will be found to con- mains of thofe buildings are daily moul 

fid more, I fafpc^l, in fidelity than in 
elegance. But, that a true judgement 
may be formed of the matter, 1 will 
tranfcribc the original. 

CUM mea me gcoitrix gravida geftiret ia 
Quid pareret, fcrtur confuluiflc dcos. 
Miks cU, Phcebus ait; Man, fttcnina; Jono* 
^ue a« utrum : 
Cumqve for^m natas Hermaphrodiins e- 
<^xrenti lethom dra fie ait : occidet armis. 
Mars cruce. PKcebus aquis. Sors rata 
quaeque fuit. 
Arbor obumbrac a^uas ; afcendot dccidlt 

Qucm lulcram, cafu lakor et ipfe foper. 
Pes hxfit ramis; caput incidit amne : tul'tq; 
iFcsmina, vir, neuter, dumioa, tela,crucenn. 


WHILST in the womb I lay, what<i*er I 

•* O bfiunieous hca? en," my mother faid, 

*< dec U re." 
Phoibus, a foo — a daughter, Mars j 's nei- 
ther, Juno— crifd t Callied. 
When, lo I Hermaphrodite I'm born, lo all 
My fate the fword-->the gibbet — no, tke wat e 

iliall kill 
And J'jno, Mars, and Phwbus had their will. 
A> tree o'erhangs the ilream 3 I niouut ; and 

flipping feel 
Loofe from thel'cabb^rd at my haarrthe ftrel. 
My fuot the branches held, my head the 

wave : 
I7or male nor female,' not e*cn neutral 

Mj fa:ed death the fvrord^ the crofs, the 



Mr. Urban*, Sept. 8. 

PRAY fparc a page in your txcet- 
lent Magazine for the following 
hints to ihol'c members of the univer- 
r.rv <>f Oxford who arc concerned in the 
inaiiagt-mcnt of the almanack. To 
tt'.olc i'tmlcmen a native of Oxford, 
;)k«i ;^ lo\er •f antiq^uitics, would re «> 

dcring away. Perhaps it will be 
thought that the fmall remains of Ofe« 
ney are not worth notice \ but it it de- 
fired that the former con fequence of thtt 
abbey may be confidered, and a pleaf* 
ing print may be made from the South 
Weil, which will (hew the mill and 
the remains of the abbey ; the cafile 
tower and St. Thomas's church * will 
likcwife Bll up the fcene. Rewley will 
afford more pi^lurefque views than one, 
particularly on the North from the wa- 
ter : the front formerly was fomething 
like Abelard's Paraclete i but, not hav- 
ing fcen it for fome years, I do not 
know what alterations have taken place. 
Goddowc needs only to be mentioned : 
the celebrity of that place, and its pre- 
fcnt remains, make it a proper fubje£( : 
^* # painting of the bridge was exhibited 
by Mr. Rooker at the Royal Academy 
a few years fincc. It may happen that 
the fubjefls here pointed out may not 
firikc indiflferent obfervers as they do 
the writer, efpccially as he can apply to 
himfelf and the abovcmentioned fpots 
the following lines of Gray— 

. *< — — — ih pleafing (hade^ , 

<* Ah fields belov'd in vaio, 
'< Where once my carelefi chlldhooi 
•« Hray'd, 
" A (Iranger ycl to pain I" 

The cafile is another fubjc^ as 
worthy Mr. Rooker^s notice as any o- 
ther { alfo the conduit \ likcwife feveral 
of the pariih churches, particularly St. 
Peter's in the Eaft, Magdalen, St. 
Giles's, &c. I have feen very pi£lu« 
rcfque drawings of St, Thomak's and 
Holywell churches by the ingenious 
Mr. W. Calcott, bookfeller. 

When every thing of confcqucnce ill 
the town hath been engraved, lubjc£ts 

* On the South fide of this church, in tha 
road leading to Ofcocy, is the moft dillinft 
echo I ever heard. This is mcntionrd, as it 
is worthy notice, and is but litUc known. 

• IhouM 

' • ' Mifiahi In Mrs. Bellamy's Apob^. ^703 

' liould be taken from any. part of the tcr« having always heard that he was a 

countjv fuch as curious churches (Dor* wortliy, ingenious, accurate man. He 

chefler, for inftance), remains of gnti* places her Sinh in 1727; and that rc- 

quity, gentlemens feati, &c. &c. which coocilcs every thing. It i& very pofT;- 

in a feries of year» would form a va- ble, where a birth was .ittcniled with 

luable colle£tioh of prints for the illul- iuch irregularities, her hearfay infor- 

trstion of any future hidory of the mation may be confufcd ^ or perhaps 

county. But, after all, if the alma> there is a little remain of fcma'c weak* 

nack mud exhibit nothing but colleges, nefs. and Ihe may not totally have given 

&c. interior views of many chapels up pretenHons. 

vrould form beautiful prims, and Mag- The extradl from the rcgifter, in vol. 

dalen and New College chapels dcfervc VI. is truly laughable, ard iurely can- 

the firft notice. W. H. not iinpole on the moll ignorant rcad.r. 

There is neither date, nor ^^iaic, nor 

Mr. Urban, fignarure of miniiltrr or churciiwartlcn. 

THOUGH Mrs. Bellamy's Apology But what fhall we fay wlun I aflure 

may not be a book of the firft con- vou there is no fuch parch in all Ire^ 

fequence, yet it records a number of janil as Fingall ? which' ii .iii.* jiimt' of 

Ihtlc anecdotes that arc not wholly un- a large barony in the county of Dublin, 

inrcrefting, andthcle^orc it merits iortui compichendingfevcntl pariftics, fych a:s 

regard and attention. The lady is of- 'Lufic, COolock, Gantry 1 believe, an4 

ten inaccurate in her account of fa^ts 5 lome others. How or which Kvay fuch 

but as to dates, fhe i'eems to conlider a certificate as Ihe <|.<rcduces could be 

them as of the utmoft in(igni(icance, obtained, 1 cannot conjc£hsrei'*bpt fo 

and accordingly daflies away juft as it is. • ■••••• 

things occurred to her memory at the Another citcuihf^ance I will tiice'ti'l^ 

moment, and ncvci' embarraifes hetlelf on me to avtir, that regiflcrs are Icarcd- 

about connexion or probability. ly ever kept in tountry panflies lO'Irc- 

Her cjaim, with refpc^l to a noWc Va^. This is-rhe cale even now^ and 

Loid's being her parent, is by many 1 believe was iti,uch rtiore foattheximA 

people ftiil thought difput^blc. It was df the ladv's birth. 
earfy reported, and not yet forgotten. Mis,* 'Bellamy's 'account of JlTt. 

that one Mr. Hartftonge, a gemteman in -Crump it not ex^£t. Ail that' i^encle* 

Dublin, Was her real father j but be man's fiicnds agiee ia fayitig, tiiij^, 

= this asitmay, I have nothing -farther wirre- 4ie Aiow alive, he could lint be 

€0 allege concerning it. What I can- more tlian 70 or 71 j therefore wh^^ he 

act avoid controverting is the date Ac 'was Mrs. Bclta'my's lover, he cuuM^ot 

afligntfor her birth. She admits that 'be moic than' 28 or 30, yet fhem€hr*( ns 

the firft account war erroneout» atyd in him as an elde|^y man. This geiViic- 

the fixth volume conedU k, and fays man was a paptft, hcfwas a jovi^^kcom* 

Ihe was born in 1731. Many th«u- panion, and well eflecmcd : he loit a 
fands y^t refncmbcrto hare feen her at. large lum o.^ money m the veflei'^ivIiLre 

a memorable feaibo, the winter 1^45, the late Karl of Drtigluedu, \\^ fi.n, 

and fprin^ 17469 when (he played ail aud iervants, the Gibbets, Maddox, &c, 

the chief womcns parts in Dublin, were all dr'owced. Mr. Crump, aftei this 

with Garrick, Barry, and Shei idau ; misfoitirnc,-n^verthoiou{^hly retrieved 

the London theatres were (liut on ac- Ins circumliinces,and diedas ihe m<;nti- 

count of the rebellion then raging, and oncd \ but, as 1 am mformcd, the very 

occaiioned that extraordinary aiiem- niglii he was conveyed to a houfe tor 

blagc of theatric ability at Dublin. ' per Tons idfane. A. i^. 

Mrs. Bellamy then played Monimia, v 

Juliet, Dtfdenvona, CoiilUnce, &c. ; in Ma. Urbak, 

Ihort, every thing, -if iiir own relation 1 N the ingenious preface to Mr. War- 
be authentic. She could then be but X ton's late edition of Milton's fnial:er 
fourteen, and yet Ihc played the winter poems we aie infor-ncd, that no notice 
^M;fore that in London, not likely to was taken of them till after tlic p-bi- 
have the appearance of wotiian ibeaer cuiion of the J'aradifc Ldt, and ;hat 
Chan ufual, tor Ihe is but of iliort lU- Pope was the firil who whs firucJc with 
turc J and therefore 1 appeil to tlw: pub- their beauties, as it appc.ns from hu 
lie, whether this be credible or not. havini; adopted tlieir phrallolo^y, and 

I, for my part, ih^uld be for adhcr- fludioufly infericd many of thttr fk\n\ov 

iDg to Mr Chctwood^ iiate of the n:it« graces in hi» Eioifa to Abclard. MiU 

5 ^'^^» 

704 Baron^s << Cy^ian Acaiimf.^—Tbi hch. -rMr. Hinwift 

ton, however* fccms to have attraC^ed 
a mu. h' carlief, though lefs fuccefsful 
admirer: in the Cvpriao Academy of 
Rcbcrr Bar n, 1^48, Lond we fitid not 
ouly phrafes and thoughts, but whple 
pafl^ges plundered, wiuiuut the lead 
4cUno\v!edgcment. from the fmalier po- 
em^ of our great Bard. It is lingular, 
th«it Langbaine, in his account of our 
Dramatic Poets, when fpeakinz of Ba« 
rop's Gripus and Hegro, fhoufd make 
no mention of this phgias T:n, as h? 
exprifl!/ informs ;js that the piece \% 
taken fiom Waller and Wcbftcr's 
Dutchcfs Maify (he might have added 
Carew). Tlie faft probably is, the 
larger poems of Milton were all Lang- 
l^aine read.«— tt is curiouc- to ob- 
fcrve with what e^fe he palTes over thefe 
m^m }|^ofAs that we>e fo long neg- 
Je^ed. After ipentioniiig the ParadHe 
Loft and Regained, Sampion Agoniftes, 
and Comu^, he adds : '' he publilhed 
^ ^^jnc other poems in L^tiu and Eng* 
'< liui, printed in 8yo. London, 1645." 
$ee Dramatic Poets, p> 377. It wpuld 
exceed the limits of this paper, weie I 
to quote particular in dances from Ba- 
Tou ; I njull therefore refer fuch of 
!vour readers as are in poifcinon of tli« 
oook to the book itfclf, where they 
^^\ ftnd many of the gems of Milton 
^10 tlie dunghill of anafiedled^ndjuftlyr 
forgotten fcribbier. 

yoursy&c. CT.Q. 

f j ft V^ho fuggefts tbi wuMm to freittmi 
^ or cur 4 tbt itafi^pf tbi gvils *wbUh 
** afftH tbe buimam fyami^ cnnfers a 
V gnatir Ifmefa, tindbgtur deferves tbi 
** graittudi qjf mawkindftbajt tbi tjoritir 
" of am Epu Ptim.*'^ 

M^. Urban, 

CONVINCED of ihp injth and phi- 
lanthropy of the s^bovc obfervation^ 
I trouble you with a (tiy/ lints rcfpefling 
a hateful malady: to which the lower 
clafs of mankind is more particularly 
liable. We have numtrous treatifcs on 
^he prevention and cuire of diibrders 
|hat arifc froni luxury, debauchery, in- 
dolence^ and intemperance. The itch, 
however fcandalous cuftom cnay have 
ina<^e the hame, is taken, not through 
fault, but unavoidable misfortune. Who- 
ever vifus the \N retched manfions of dif- 
■ trefs aiid poveiiy,may find whole fami* 
lies pining under this grievous affii£lioa. 
The man of bufinefsy who travels, will 
Scarcely find it poffible, at all places, to 
^e accommodated wiUi iJAcn tl^ac bat not 

preyipufiy been flejpt in* Hence fier 
fjuenriy the gretteft care and circam? 
lpe£^ioa will not avail. Few men are 
in a Htuation to (hut tbem(elvei| up from 
fpciety during the cure of this trouble* 
fome diforder. Very few have fufficieo^ 
candour to inform tho(e who come near 
them to ftand upon their guard. If un- 
guarded habits of intim^cycontinue, the 
contagion fpreads. The poor pcaiant— • 
the widow, whofe orphan children der 
pend upon her labour for firpporty with 
this contemptible diforder, ii denied 
admilTion into thofe faniitiei where (he 
was wont to earn their daily breads and 
is obliged to encounter wretchedneiv, 
with hunger. Sulphur, the common 
remedy, is fo very difagreeable, and re? 
main^ fo long in- the clothes^ proclaim-: 
ing the diforder to every one #no comes 
near, that very few choofe to vie it *• 
Mercurials, injudicioufly ap^ied, by 
thofe who muft, amidft the ▼iciffitudes 
of heat and cold, earn their bread by 
the fvveat of their l^row, are frequently 
productive of very (erious confequencet. - 
. As no periodical publication Teems to 
have more numerous and tefpc^h|e 
correfpondenti than the Gentleman's 
Magazine, amongft whom, no doubt, 
are fome of the faculty, it were much 
to be wilhed, that fome eminent gentle- 
man would have humanity enough to 
write a fmall treatife on the moft effec- 
tual method of prevention, in cafe ^ 
Serfon ihould be fo. unfoitufiate as to 
eep in inife£led linen i and alfo the 
moft fafc, eafy, ipeedy, cleanly, and 
efte£lual method of cure. Such a gen- 
tleman, Mr. Urban, we mtij affirm. 
wqiild *' better dcfcr\'e the gratitude, 01 
at leaft the lower clafs of mankindythan 
the \Vriter of an £pic Poem." 


Ma. Urban^ Sifi, 9. 

I BEG leave to infbq^ a writer in your 
Magazine laft month, p. 590, who 
figns himfelf, ** A Friend to LeamiDg 
and Virtue," that Mr. Han way *s •* Vir- 
tue in Humble Life,*' dedicatM to Mrs. 
Montagu, a work of ^reat incri^ will^ 
it is imagined, in general be found to 
coincide with the laudable plan of your 
bcnevotent correfpondcnt. 

Yours, &c. A. L. 

* If to the common and bed medicioc for 
tbe Itch, fulphiur, be tdded a fcruple or half 
a dram •f the eflence of lemon, it will en- 
tirely take away tbe difagreeable fmeil. 
BucKAif, See p« 4tSj 71b edition* Edit, 



C 70J > ~ 


IMiCr/ It ihM fnfiM ^^fm rf fmrkm* ^kr^fe* Re that of ilieriftt on new 

MM/y CMtinuidfrtm p. 614, meoy of whom the couottet feldom bc«r 

fmjdny^ Mm^ ^ <^ Qaacs lill they read (hmi in the Ga^ 

MR. SMwh'kll^ rofc 10 make his an- ■*"®' ''^'>* Houfe dit iiied. Ayes $%. 
anal motion for iioitemfig the dv- ^^* >4«* 
radoD of parliamcnct 1 though, he (tid, ^^T' ^^nt^rMff^ hsonght forwavd the 
be could entertain no verr fanguine f^^^^onst which he hacT preCDoted on t 

1 — t^ ^ r. r_ .-t._ t. . . ^""^i^ *l*y». ^ronj ^« pnfoncn in the 

*"' * ' 1 on which* 

locking up 

.« ..xwM.v ^ ^uiuinuin w«9 " ^ ^- -.«... handt from fo- 

the riglit and pure conftitution of parlia- ^^^Y* ^^^ crueller depriving tkiem of the 
■faenty nerer to be touched or tampered omsos of proTidingfor their funilies^ lie 
with f that it was right that one pan of enlarged on their deplorable fuuation* 
the Houfe ihould be appointed by the F^^^'^S ^^ ^^'*"' ^^ ^^^ common neccf* 
Crown y another part bf certain great >>nesoriifef and concluded with mov- 
tnd noble families; a third find their ing ^r leave to bring. in a bill •< for the 
way into the Houftp by bribery and cor<r '^^^ ^^ infoWent debronu" 
ruption s and that it was no matter, as a ^'Otd Surny feconded the motion, 
- Moble Lord had very ably fhewn, how or which was carried without oppofidon* 
by whom the Houfe was filled, fo that it If^ithifdqyt Mm^ 4. 
was but fill! (ffe p. 6 1 9). And as this doc« ^ S*^^ ^^*^ ^ public and pri? tte be- 
trine fo generally prevailed, at to kave ^Bcft, but no debate, 
little room to hope that any thing he TAurfiaj, Mmy 5. 
could fay would have Weight with thofc Lord Pewrbyn ftated a petition which, 
who were already pre^dctermincd, he ^ ^*'^» ^ ^^^^, ^^ ^** nand, from the 
Ihould jud only, in difcharge of what he '^^,<^^ots in the iiland of Jamaica, corn- 
thought his duty, declare it as his unoua- plaining of the inconveniencicb to whtth 
lifted opinion, that the Houfe of Com^ they wr re fubje&ed by being deprived of 
aons ihould fpeak the fenfe of the peo- '^^ inicrcourfe they had with Americe 
pie, and for that fnirpofe ihould fn- previous to the late war, and praying'ge* 
iiueoily recur to their coniliruents. He "^^• 

would, therefore, mofve for leave to briag ^^^ Pnrbjn faid, he was at a lefr how 

in a bill for << ihortening the duratioii ot ^ proceed ; whether he ihouU .oaove 

parliaments.*' merely that the petition ikoUld be re« 

Mr. MmrttM rofc to feconif the Dsotbn, ^i^^» >n<l at fome future day. to nrave. 

He was aware, he faid, of having what ^*^" **^* petitioners be heard by counfel ; 

he iiottid fay turned into ridicule, when ^^ vsitvtt immediately, that the petitioners 

ke roic to fay any thing in that Houfe !^ ^^ ^Y counfel on foine fpecific day 

whieh had the good of the country for its ^ ^^^ courfe of next week* 
•hjed } bur, confcious as he was of his ^''* ^'^^ wiihed his Loidihip to ado^ 

foul inability to m^ke long fpccches, and ^ '^^. ^^^ : <o which be a}*reed, and 

Boethiokinghiglilvofthehoneflyoffome '^ petition was ordered to be on tite 

who did, he ihould, notwithftanding, de- ^^'®- 

clarehimfelf a ileady friend to the pre- ^r. Frwtcis again rofc (fee p. 352), 

lent motion, as well as for a reform in ^ fubmtt'to the Houfe the rcfult of his 

the reprrfcntation. He faid, he had feen examination uf the feveral accounts of tiie 

wit, abilities, ai.d honedy, profiituted on ^^-India Company's edabliJhmcnt a* 

1 late occaiion i and he did not envy any hroad, which had been laid before the 

nan the applanfjp of fine fpeaking who Ho*^< in the courfe of the Ud ivvelve 

bade a bad ufe or a good talent* months* In fpeaking of Madias and 

Sir EdiAsni Afliey faid a fe\^ words in ^*<^hay, he faid, they depended on Beti- 

firour of the motion ; as did P^J ^<>r their daily exiftcnce.' Their elU<- 

Lord Surrty^ who reprobated thofe hiiihments would cahauft a great rcvc- 

dolrines, wl>ioh he had heard with aOo- ^^^* ^^^ ^^^y had none. TUey were ~ 

nilment maintained on a late occafion* overwhelmed with enormous debts, and 

If i was all one to reprefent a rotten bo- '***y ^ad not a finglc rupee of tiieir own 

rou|i and toreprefeotacounty; the ho« ^^ pay cither principal or inteicft. It 

oouiof fictiDg ui ^Uen^at wouki foaa ^(^^^owcd Uicn, tliat the rcfuurcc^ of th: 



f $/ PncfidingKh ihipr^ml Si^ rfParBmniiii^ 


Com pan V muft be looked for in Bengal ; 
and t«i Beogaly he.fnfifted upoa it, Uieir 
refouTces were declining^ and their debts 

'BccuniuUitng, trery day. He then pro* 
ceeded to prove what he had (tared, by 
fa£^s charging the accounts which had 
lately been -laid before the Houfe as de- 

. festive, contradtflory, and fallacious. 
He concluded, with moving, ^* that a 
committee be appointed to take into con- 
^deration the (everal liAs and Aarements 
of the expence of the £aft*India Compa» 
my% eftabtifliments in fndia," &c« 

Mr. Kat. Sm*tb (deputy-chairman of 
the Court of Dire^rs) rofe to contro- 

* vert the fa£b charged by Mr. Francis ; 
Vfhich, he faid, if true, amounted to fn 
accufation of a deep and criminal nature 
agaioft the Dtre6lors{ bur, he traded, 
wlien examined, their conduA would be 
found to dcfenre better of that Houfe 
and of the public. The fad wae, that 
the eftimates at one time had been made 
out on a -.peac e ' edabliihmenr, on a pre- 
fumption that the peaee would have taken 
place fooner than irdid i and at another, 
on the real war eflablilhment, which 
conftitnted the difference of whidi the 
Hon. Gentleman fo loudly complained. 
AiK>ther midake was, that feveral ani< 
cle9 were placed under the head of the 
civii dt^arimiMtf which ihould have 
been charged under that of mavai dipari- 

•mmt I and the Court of Dire^rs having 
their information fiom abroad, could 
have nomeans of corre6ling mtftakei but 
what they received from Bengal. He 
pledged himfelf tliat the eftimates from 
thence ihould be more corre£l for the fu- 

Mr. fronds obferved, that what he 
had forefocn was the fole defence, vague 
reafoning on what had paft, and fair pro- 

• mifes for the future ; but not a word to 
invalidate the fadK that were charged, the 
Talidky ot which, by his flight manner of 
touching them, tiic Hon. Gent. Ivad ad- 

Mr. Baring rofe in fupport of Mr. 
Smith's rcaiumng. He fpoke to the ex- 
cels oi the dilbuifcmeuts over and above 
the prefent revenues, which the Hon. 
-Geuticman who made the motion had 
ilaicd Lo ihe <ii fail vantage of the t^om- 
pa.iy i and alfurcd the Houfe, that thefe 
were only iiiCidcntal i and that tiic Com- 
pany, fo [at troiii incuiiing new debts, 
wetc in a floihiUitng t^ay of |)aying o^ 
the old. 

Mr. Hufy remaikcd, on the eftimates 
of lalt vcar, that tiic i)iit£lors }iad led 
the Huuic to believe ^hcic rtiuurces 

would exceed their di(burfements ib tlw 

fuih of -f ,jao^oobl. whcreai it was now 

clear that the diiburfements in India ez- 

* ceeded their refourcei in' tht fam of 


Major Sc9ii rofe to clear up the myf* 
tery. He acknowledged that,, in the 
ftatemenc of lad year, he had accounted 
. lor the peace taking place fooner than 
circumftances would admit, and he had, 
on that prcrumption, been mtftaken in 
his calculations i but if the Hon, Gent. 
would carry his views a little forward, 
«UB. from April 1785 to May 1786, 
there would be a much motu coouderable 
faving than he ever promifed or expe£Ud« 
With refpe£l: to the Company's naving 
po revenue but in Bengal, he denied it s 
and iniifted, that,oix the evidence of Lofd 
Macartney, Madras' would mofc than 
fupport iuelf. Bombay, he agreed, muft 
depend on Bengal. 

The qucftion being called for; and be* 
fora it was put, fome members calling oot 
Co the ftrangers to withdraw} 

Mr. Fox rofe, and remarked, that 
from the word 9yitSdr4nv he found what 
he could not have expeded, that a defign 
was on foot to divide the .Houfe. How 
this could be reconciled to the ordinary 
parliamentary ufage he was at a lofs p» 
know, as not< a word had been faid in 
contradiAion uf th^ fa£^s as ftatcd by his 
Hon. friend. The charge was, that the 
accounts that had been at different times 
prefented, were fraudulent, fallacioufi, 
apd deluiive, Thii had not been denied- 
With what face then could they* divide 
againft tlic; appointment of a committee 
to afccruro the fa6^s. He adverted on 
, this occafion toahe miniftcr's manner of 
ftatin^ the finances, of this country, a^d 
boaUing of their flourilbing condition. 
By dividing the year into four quarters, 
and fele£ling a quarter that had eleven 
days in it more tha^n the reft (fee p.^^aS), 
and multiplying the produce of that 
quarter four times over, in order to en- 
large the aggregate, he had endeavoured 
to deceive the Houfe into a belief, tlo: 
the public revenue exceeded the pubic 
expenditure ; and that he could appro- 
priate more than a million to the c(l|- 
blifhmcnt of a (inking fund. [Ttis 
drew a fmilc from Mr. Pitt, and .he 
Matter of the Rolls who (at next hin.J 
On which Mr. Fox, in a moft vehcncnt 
tone of relentment, complained o' the 
vulgarity of their behaviour, and chal- 
lenged tne niinifter and his aiiuci^cb to 
dilprove the errors pointed oor jy his 
Hon. friend. Xc wa^ he faid, tU mode 


8pmm0j rf^Pr§f§i£ng$ In tU fr$fm Sigkn §fPmrUmmk 707 

•F d» pnfent mtoiftrv, boldly to aflcrty 
aod make flattenn^ calculatioDs, but de- 
ny a fair tnveftigation into their accounts, 
wfcich they knew would turn out to their 
utter diff^acc. He concluded with de- 
claring his opoion, that to vote again fl 
the appdntment of a committee would 
be ttfliog the world that the charge^ as 
ftated againft the Dire^ton, was fully 

Mr. Pui rofe to remark on the extra* 
ofdinary fen6bility of the Right Hon. 
Gentleman, who, from an almoft imper- 
ceptible relaxation of features, would 
have it underftood, that a filent bearer 
ou^ht not even by a look to give offence,^ 
while hft who was fpeaking might conf)- 
der himfelf abfolved from all reAraiots 
of moderation, good manners, and even 
tomAoon decency. He attributed his 
warmth to his difappointmeot, and de- 
clared that his iituation excited his pity 
more than his ridicule. He had pro- 
mifed liimfelf and his friends the patro- 
na^ of the Eaft, which would have en- 
abled them to have extinguifhcd every 
ray of remaining vinue in this countrv. 
He had been difappointed, and it had 
r^nuired no fmall Jcgree of courage to 
defeat io daring an attempt. He was 
furprifcd, he faid, to hear from the Rt. 
Hon. Gent, that he had no apprchcnfion 
of any oppofition to the motion till he 
heard the order tor Grangers to withdraw \ 
for if he had liftened to the arguments of 
his friends, he would have forelccn that 
an oppofition was expcdled ; and he could 
venture to fay no oppofition was ever 
better groundccf. Could the Right Hon. 
Gentleman himfelf, or his Hon. Friend 
who made the motion, take upon them 
to charee the Dirc£lors with an intenti** 
oa«l miuatement in order to deceive the 
Houfe? For what other piiipofe then 
could a committee be appointed, except 
to gratify idle curiofity ? He declared a- 
gainfl appointing a committee for any 
luch puri)ofe. 

Locd riortb called the attention of the 
Houfe to the que (lion, which he thought 
ousht to be carried for the l)cfV of all 
rcifons, bccaufe uo Hon. Gentleman had 
yet given one found reafon why a com- 
roitee fhould not be appointed to invedi- 
gatc the caufe of the contradi«fiory ac- 
counts that had been prefented to the 
Houfe, under the titles of edimatcs, by 
the Directors of the Eal\ India Company. 
Inftead of anfwering arguments, the Rt. 
fion. Gentleman had fpoken of courage. 
And indeed, if ever courage was parti- 
es la rly nccttilary, it was whtQ an 4dein* 

bly was called upon to ad in defiance of 
conviflion. He took notice of the man* 
ner in which Mr. Pitt had attacked hit 
Right Hon. Friend ; and ftated the pa- 
tronage which Mr. Pitt had alluded to at 
fcaircely enough to fatisfy a. governor. 

The Houfe divided contrary to the in- . 
tention of the mover | Ayes 45, Noes 
1 C I } Uk Mr. Francis declared he would 
bring forward tlie motion in anotlter 
ihape the following week. 

Fridajff May 6« 

Lord PtmrbjM rofe, and moveH for 
an account of all the forcien fpirits 
that had been dellroyed by his Majefly't. 
officers of revenue fince the Ute a6t. 

Mr. Pitt replied, that, if his Lordfbip 
meant only to learn what quantity of Rkm 
had been deQroyed, he believed there 
had not l>een anv. 

Mr. EJiM rofe to move an addrefs to 
his MajcfW for accounts of all articles of 
Irifh confuroption, charged with an in- 
ternal duty in Ireland 1 which was a- 
greed to. 

Mr. Beatifoy then rofe to move for 
leave to bring in a bill for the 'relief 
of a number of pcrfons from a very 
heavy grievance, by hci-ig deprived of 
the right of trial by jury* The fame 
was granted. 

The bill to repeal fo much of an ad: 
made in tlie fird fcdion as impofes d ptfe^ 
on all fluffs made of cotton and linen, 
&c. was prefented to the Houle (lee p. 
530}, and read the firfl time. 
Monday f May 9. 

The Cbmwc, tftbt ExchtquiTy on n^tt 
to open what he calls the budget, obfervedy 
.that it mud be as much a matter of re- 
gret to other gentlemen as to him, to 
find thcmfelves called to the painful tafk 
of providing for the exigencies of the late 
calamitous and unpiofuable war, in or- 
der to rcdore to this country its former 
fplendor. Having faid this, ne proceed- 
ed to flate the ftveril artidbS of fupply 
which had been voted, and that remamed 
to be voted for the fervice of the prcfent 
year ; and then propofed his taxes Of 
thcCe monied matters we have already 
given a kindx)f partial date (fee p. 399), 
which we do not now take upon us ac- 
curately to explain. The Chancellor 
dated the amount of the whole funi ne- 
ceirary for the current fervice of the 
year at 9,737»8681. Of this, i. i faid, 
6,164,1181. was already voted, fo that 
about 3*563, 183 I. only remained to be 
provided for. And of this there were ii^ 
cafb, and in the growing produce of the 
taxes, about 1400^000!.^ fo that, ac- 


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€or^tnff to this catcolitioDy there wit^ 
in fnSt, only about one million to be 
provided for the prefent