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AND ■ 


From JANUARY to JUNE, 1836. 








fVrillen at Sea, May 18, I82f). By Hbnry J. Bradfield, Author of 

•* Waterloo, or the British MimtreL*' 

XpAREWELL to thee, Albion ! proud land 
of my birth. 
To the land of the brave ! and of Beauty, 
adieu ! 
1 leave thee, to tread other dimes of this 
Where Tyranny mocks thee with Mussul- 
man crew. 

To Fortune I yield me, let Destiny guide ; 
llio' Danger await me, yet still will 1 
' Her perils by sea, and by land ; for my 
Shall be triumph in Greece, or with Gre- 
cians a grave. 

A cloud hovers o*er ye ! ye Mussulmen, 
tremble ! 
The true sons of Freedom are up and 
awake ; 
For Greece is their glory, nor shall they 
Her cause is a just one they ne'er will for- 

A c)oud hovers o'er ye ; for Moslem's the 
Fly, fly ! ere the moment of vengeance 
shall come. 
For the dust which ye scatter, once breathing 
with life. 
Long govern'd an empire exalted as 

A day ! ere the Sun through this region of 
Shall have wing'd his fleet course, or the 
night-cloud come o'er, — 
An hour I and deep may ye rue of its birth. 
For the Grecian breathes firee ! — is the 
Grecian once more. 

So long as the Crescent shall wave o'er her 
> land. 

So long as her fetters of grief shall en- 
Shall vengeance hang o'er the Mahomedan 
Tilt the Cross hurl defiance, and Greece is 

Ask ye if valour or bravery dwell 

In the breasts of her sons ? if their bo- 
soms beat free ? 
One name is enough, — Missolonghi shall 

That Greece boasts of warriors heroic as 


While yet there is Hope their firm valour to 
While her heroes display such true love in 
her cause ; 
So long must they conquer, or conquering 
And shed forth their hearts' blood for 
Greece and her Laws. 

My fond one farewell, to my thoughts ever 
l^hy teuder regard in my breast shall 
reign free ; 
Thro' Life s changeful visions, thro' Fate's 
wild career, 
From my heart will I pledge long remem- 
brance of thee. 

We have parted ! methinks that the tear of 
I see from thine eye o'er the pallid cheek 
We have parted ! yet still shall my fond re- 
Support me thro' danger or death's so- 
lemn hour. 

Farewell to thee, England ! my own native 
Sweet Liberty deems thee her temple of 
Tho* from thee I now wander, — in foreign 
climes roam. 
Yet still will I love thee till life flees my 

While my pulses shall beat, or my life- 
stream shall flow, 
While my heart shall awaken at Liberty's 
To the field will 1 follow, — confront the 
proud foe. 
And if Heaven ordain, in the field let me 


IN the Preface to our last Volume we had to expatiate on the vast 
and progressive increase of Literature and Literary aspirants ; though 
not without apprehensions that over-production would eventually lead 
to some lamentable revulsion. Unhappily our fears have been realized. 
At no period did the productions of the pen and the press receive so 
terrible a blow, as during the current year. The << Man of Genius" and 
the << Scissars and Paste-man " — the Poet and the Poetaster — have been 
involved in one ruinous vortex. Even the last Waverley novel was 
hawked about for a purchaser, when two years ago a general skirmish 
would have ensued among the Booksellers, to obtain the copy-right, 
had it been offered for public sale. The shock sustained by the different 
Periodical Publications has been, as it were, electric ; yet we have for- 
tunately escaped the percussion, and been as powerfully supported as 
ever. The Scots Magazincj one of our earliest emulators, could not 
find a purchaser at 50^., though once worth as many hundreds. The 
European Magazincy a once formidable opponent, has quietly retreated, 
like another Teucer, behind the shield of the Monthly Magazine, Thus 
the two Editors, though Rival Warriors, have adopted the prudent 
axiom of the old man in the fable — *^ separated ye fall — but united ye 
stand.** Perhaps the premature death of the New European was an awful 
warning to the enfeebled parent. — As to the crowd of twopenny Publi- 
cations, some of which we noticed in our last volume, under the an- 
ticipation of their certain dissolution, even independently of the ex- 
isting distresses — they have been scattered like chaff before the storm, 
or as dust in the whirlwind ; *< whilst to the Public the Projectors were 
never known or heard of, and were generally too insignificant to ex- 
cite inquiry." (See vol. xcv. i. 4-84). Meanwhile not a few of the 
Brokers in Literature have ceased to " drink wine out of the skulls of 
Authors." Ad their vintage has failed, their "libations to the Sacred 
Nine *' no longer flow ; and the skulls of their literary scribes are con- 
sequently no longer in demand — sine vino nullum poculum. 

Though Literature and its numerous dependencies have been severely 
affected by the late critical juncture, we lament to state that this is not 
the only portion of society which has suffered. The Monied and Ma- 
nufacturing Interests have had to encounter the most arduous struggles ; 
and the distress thence arising has necessarily extended its ramifications 
to almost every class of the community : hence riots and disturbances 
have arisen ; yet it is gratifying to observe, amidst these national but we 


hope temporary troubles, the noble spirit of liberality manifested by the 
British Public. That generous sympathy, excited by the lamentable con- 
dition of the lower orders^ has been powerfully aided by the measures 
of his Majesty's government. The Corn Laws have been modified in 
favour of the working classes ; and Branch Banks, connected with the 
Bank of England, are to be established, .which will ensure a circulating 
medium, without the risk to which local notes have been always liable. 
Thus we confidently hope, that in a very short period trade and credit, 
and consequently literature and the press, will be restored to their for- 
mer footing. As we attribute these distresses to the rash or rather 
knavish spirit pf speculation lately undertaken by adventurers without 
substance, as well as to unlimited credit and boundless extension of 
trade on false capital — so ^e entertain s^Uiguine anticipations that the 
present effects must cease, when the causes just stated no longer exist. 

The general Elections present a most iinportant feature in our do- 
mestic relations. In nearly all the contested places the Catholic ques- 
tion has formed the principal object of contention ; and we are inclined 
to believe, that m the returns an accession of i^trength has been gained 
by the supporters of the Protestant cause. In Ireland, however, we la- 
ment to say, the Popish advocates, through the machinations of Priest- 
craft and the outrageous conduct of their myrmidons, have been numeri- 
cally strengthened. ** Priestcraft (says our Chronicler, p. 635) in numer- 
ous instances has prevailed over common sense, and regardless of 
the means, has effected its object, even at the cost of human life and 
destruction of private property. — The Priests have taken the whole bu- 
siness of nomination and election into their own hands, with a facility 
which no man could imagine who had not seen the abject prostration of 
' the mind and will, with which the unhappy peasantry worship these re- 
verend despots." — We trust that the assassin-like disposition evinced by 
a Popish rabble, when instigated by their spiritual rulers, will leave an 
impression on the public mind that will not be easily eradicated. If 
proofs were before wanting, these transactions alone are sufficient to 
show the danger and impolicy of investing the eternal enemies of Pro- 
testantism with political power and municipal authority. 

June 30, 1826. 



#rtglu( ComiBuiuMtieii^. 

■I l^mw at Dcon Svift, utd rtmuki 

■ 8aMorlnkBd,bTMr.M>hiBa 

M of te kw >ddttlMid Aidu. .....^... 

I »gl* aT tlH L-Ui|7 ; 

I lU-k af • C^mImm'— ...I 



of Km!.. 


. fi.J<ibo'iCh.Wa«BioMctlS 

am n U «t Lnapool ._ 23 

boBtUUiUDnofHiadMtan M 

• af (^ BnivDhiK Funilj 9ti 

• af DalinU'i Pnnif* 17 

t of Sir E. Brfd^H fiom lhaTi*lari...IS 

rGl«i«'i Hiitnrical Ai^mnt -H, 

iomt't Chwcb, Smtlinrk 81 

'aamt of iha Poorar CUttJ .- SS 

itKU ot Sii C^ulitotiha' Wad S4 

riMoB'i TnaiUUos of Arbtopbaoti 35 
M fif^snuGMiI Delliwira 37 

Flj !*««■ No, XXIX.— €»«»•■ Pcum.. . 
On loaoviiipD* in tlu Eagluh LugoBga..,. 

UtOini of jBtm |»ulilitatiaii^. 

Nicolat') TwUminti Viuats. ..,„ 

BtDHHiVAkilcha of Cania 

Nlcholi'i ProgKiKiof Jia>eA I.,.k,- 

Work] nf Aimmiui, ^Jhuh NicboU 

CmKj't Hiskirj' of Sleoford 

Blukwell'i Mat»h. S3.— WatcnaL 

BrKJr'iVuietioofLiUiUaie ^.. 

Butvtr'B Autumn in Greece.. ,-..>..i.-«h....h 

Aonud Btngra|)hj' tod ObiCuuT 

Cndnck'iLilcnrjHiilMiiMU. Mciwiin 

Lit tR t n V I nnuj sen ct — N eir PuUintioiu 

View of Rtuiun Lluruore 

A«T> mo SciEKCtl 68;— SiLECT pD»T«r.. 

Vi/torital CbTonklc. 
Foreigii Ncwi, 79. — Sarijr d( Africa 


Ptomotioiu, &C. — BinLs ud MuriigBi ,-...; 

OaiTsiHTi wiUiMuBoinof ihcEmpBioiDf 
Buwi*i MvehioDMi of BmK ; Udjr 
Haumoit: Genm] Fgi WiUUmCUw, 

tn] Foi; Wil 

__,.. ^,o.M. MIW: 

BlU of MorUJitT^Prieu of Cud Shans. 
MMHHologicii DIU7. — PricM of S(aGlip„....gfi 
EBbEirnbol vttb Vwv* of iIm ioUadMl St. Ktraitii^n'i IJociit 
hn«ca-STTi.t Haun, Lhcrpooli aad dn hu Shot MtHvAcroar, Lunhtlh. 
Abo «iib ■ Rtprwt miM' wn af tbt Ann of Taofi* Dun oi Cuinci. 


[ « ] 


St. Saviour's Church. 

We are happy to stete, that oq the 9Gth 
of Jaouarj (since the letter in p. 81 was 
printed], another Vestry Meeting has re«-. 
acinded the disgraceful resolutions before 
passed for the destruction of this admirable 
edifice. A Report was read» in which Mr. 
Owilt the Architect, and Mr. Hvauson the 
Surreyor, concurred b stating, that havine, 
at the request of the Committee for ChurcQ 
Repairs, examined the old foundations, they 
cave it as their opinion that thei/ would last 
for ages to' oomcy and Umger than any founda- 
tions which probalty would be made for the 
construction of any new edifice. Upon this 
the motion for rescinding the Vandalic reso- 
lutions was carried by a large majority, sup- 
ported by Mr. Saunders, Mr. Barclay, Mr. 
Potts, and the roost respectable parishioners, 
as was also a resolution in jfavour of the 
strict restoration of the Church, which is 
therefore safe for the present, if the friends 
of ancient architecture are on the alert 
against surprize or reaction. 

N£POfl remarks, respecting the monu- 
mental stone of the Countess of Athol in 
Ashford Church, Kent (mentioned in part i. 
p. 9), that a slight drawing of it, represent- 
ing it in the state it was aT)out the time of 
James the First, is to be found in a copy of 
the Vuitation of Kent, 1619, in the HarL 
MSS. 1106. 

We thank Aw ^anokymous Correspon- 
dent at Morpeth, but wish to hay no more 
than what we cannot avoid on the subject of 
nts communication. 

A Correspondent inquires, whether a 
History of Ludlow was not published a year 
or two ago, and if so, where it is to be pro- 
cured ? 

The information respecting Lysons's En- 
virons, offered by a Constant Reader, has 
been published with equal perspicuity in 
Mr. Upcott's excellent work on English 

S. 11. M. would feel much obliged to any 
of our correspondents acquainted with the 
genealogy of Norris, to inform him who 
of that family married about the time of 
James II. the daughter of Gelly Meyrick, 
who was bom in 1618, and was a Captain in 
his uncle Sir John Meyrick's regiment in 
1646. The Norris pedigree in the Collese 
of Arms goes no lower than 1634, when the 
eldest son of the natural branch of that &- 
mily was but four years old. 

Mr. H. GwYN obswvM, *' When ia 
Buckiughamshin ^hirbg last August, I ri* 
sited the Church of Hambleden, and was 
much pleased with the many ancient monu- 
ments which abound in it (see Lysons's 
Magna Britannia, 1. 569). One of the most 
flmailaible is a fine alabaster tomb* i4th 
IQgiety to the memory of Sir Cope Doyl ey. 

knt. who was slatn at Mill-End In the neigh- 
bourhood, hj the Parliamentariansy temp. 
Charles 1*1^ We saw the remaining part of 
a Gothic Screen of carved oak, beautifully 
executed (erroneously reported, as I under- 
stand, to be part of an old bedstead). It is 
divided into pannels, each containing a fine 
carved escocheon in bold relief, being the 
arms of various Prelates, Sees, &e. amoagst 
which I recognised Cardinal Wolsey ; Fox, 
Bishop of Winchester; the Bishops of Ox- 
ford, London, &o. besides some others ; and 
a Diapered Coat, the only instance of my 
meeting with such an unusual bearing. 
These sort of bearings are hardly to be con- 
sidered as regular ones, and this fanciful 
coat may very probably have been intro- 
duced merely to occupy a vacancy. In the 
Chancel of the Church I observed an okl 
shrine without date or inscription, enclosed 
in the wall. From the arms I do not hesi- 
tate to affix it to some of the Bray and 
Sandys family. Barons temp. Hen. VIII. — 
An interesting account of this Church, 
Manor, Natural History of the Parish, &e. 
may be found in the Topographer for the 
year 1 78.9, by a Correspondent 'M. Green."* 

A Constant Reader << requests infor- 
mation as to the correct precedence of the 
Earl of Shrewsbury's Irish dignities of Eari 
of Wexford and Waterford. The Peerages 
hitherto have given precedence from 1661 
only, though they admit the original cre- 
ation from 1446. The Court Kalendar has 
lately adopted the earlier date. Lodge's 
Peerage by Archdall, vol. II. 138, gives the 
fbllowmg acconnt, viz. : — « Earl of the city 
of Waterford and town of Wexford, 17 July, 
1446, 24 Hen. VI. which titles being resumed 
by the Act ■ of Absentees, were re-granted, 
and confirmed in 1661, 19 Charles 11* — 
Lodge places these Earldoms under the last 
date, viz. 1661. — In another part of the 
Talbot Pedigree, Lodge gives a different 
account, for he says, that the Earl of Shrews- 
bury, in 1447 (being then aged and Earl of 
IVexford by inheritaneej was created Earl of 
Waterford. Can these jarring accounts be 
reconciled ? On the monument of this No- 
bleman, he is styled Eari of Shrewsbufy, 
Earl of Wexford, Waterford, and Valence, 
thus giving precedence to Wexfoid over 
Waterford — though the Peerages now usu- 
ally stvle the fiunilv as Earls of Waterford 
and Wexford. Did the mot of Charles II. 
operate as a revival of the ancient dignities 
or 1446, or merely , as a new creation of 
16611 and how was the first Earl of 
Shrewsbury Earl of Wexford by inheritanee f 

The &voor of T. N. came safe to hand. 

The gratifjrinff Poem by Mr. Rawlins 
was ^not received till afier the space it was 
intended to fill, was oeonpied by a previous 



JANUARY, 1826. 



Mr. Urban, Jan. 3. human shape $ one insolent, isnorant. 

AS the • ' '• - .-— -. -.'r . . . ^ . 

coarse form a prominent feature in the in comparison of which, an "English 

approaching Parliamentary discussions, farmer's barn is a Cathedral ; a bog 15 

I have no doubt but the following de- miles round ; ever^ meadow, a slough, 

scription of that extensive nart of the and every hill a mixture of rock, heath, 

now United Empire, will oe interest- and marsh ; and every male and female, 

Sng to your readers. It was written in from the farmer inclusive to the day 

1732 by Dean Swift, in a confidential labourer, infallibly a thief, and con-^ 

letter to his friend. Dr. Henry Jenny, sequently a beggar, which in this 

and has not, I believe, appeared in any Island are terms convertible. The 

Edition of S%^ft's Works, though ano- Shannon is rather a lake than a river, 

th^r letter, which the Dean addressed and has not the sixth part of the stream 

to the same Correspondent, was com- that runs under London-bridge. There 

municated by Lord Cremorne, in is not an acre of land in Ireland turned 

1808, to the late Mr. Malone, and by to half its advantage, yet is it better 

him to Mr. Nichols*. improved than the people, and all 

The letter now sent is from the these evils are effects frof English ly- 

same source, and was intended to have ranny, so your sons and grand-children 

accompanied the former one, but came will find to their sorrow. Cork, in- 

too late for insertion ; it has since re- deed, was a place of trade, but for 

mained in the hands of your present some years past is gone to decay, and 

Correspondent, who now sends it with instead of being merchants, the 

some remarks on the Dean's Letter, wretched dealers are dwindled to ped- 

in which you will recognise the hand- lars and cheats. I desire you will not 

writing of the elegant Commentator write such accounts to your friends in 

on Shakspeare. M. Green. England. Did you ever see one cheer- 

- ■ ful countenance among our City vul- 

To the Reverend Dr, Henry Jenny, at gar ? unless once a year at a fair, 

his house f in Armagh, or on a holiday, when some poor rogue 

" Sir, June 30, 1732. happened to get drunk, and starved the 

If you are not an excellent philo- whole week after. You will give a 
sopher, I allow you personate one per- very different account of your winter 
fectlywell. And if you believe your- campaign, when you can't walk five 
self, I heartily envy you; for I never yards from your door without being 
yet saw in Ireland a spot of earth two mired to your knees, nor ride half a 
feet wide that had not in it something ni''e without being in a slough to your 
to displease. I think I once was in saddle-skirts ; when your landlord must 
iheCounty of Tipperary, which is like send 24 miles for yeast before he can 
the rest of the whole kmgdom, a bare brew or bake, and the neighbours for 
face of Nature, without houses or plan- six miles round must club to kill a 
tations; filthy cabins, i iserblet- mutton. Pray take care of damps, 
tered half-starved creatures, scarce in and when you leave your bed-chamber, 
, let a fire be made to last till night; 

• See the edition of Swift's Works, and, after all, if a stocking happens at 

J808, vol. xM. p. 352. night to fall off a chair, you may wring 

4 Original LeUer of Dean Swift. [Jan. 

h next niomlngy*^/ nunc, tt tecum whom I ewe tbe happinees of yoor 
verm$ mtditark'canoros, I liave uot aoquaintanoe, and t>n her aceo«nt I 
said all this out of any malicious in- expect Tour justice to believe me lo 
. tention to put you out of conceit with be, witn true esteem, your most obc- 
the scene where you are, but merely dient humble senrant, J. S." 

for your credit, because it is better* to __^ 

know you are miserable than to betray „ , . 

an ill taste. I consult your honour, Remarks on the preceding LeUer, hy 
which is dearer than life, therefore I the lote Edmund Mahne, Esq. 
demand that you shall not relish one ^ien tn t fie year 1808. 
bit of victuals or drop of drink, or the SwifVs representation of the state 
company of any human creature within and country of Ireland in 1732, is 
30 miles round Knocktopher, during curious, and certainly not without 

rur residence in those parts, and then ^unds; but on a minute examination 
shall begin to have a tolerable opi- U will be fouud over-charged, and 
niou of j^our understanding. My therefof« calls for some observations, 
lameness is very slowly reooverins. With respect to the soil itself, Ireland 
and if it be well when the year is certainly was then very ill cultivated, 
out. I shall gladl]^ compound; yet I and its agriculture is yet very defective; 
Biake a shift to ride about 10 miles but in the seven ty^ix years that have 
a-day, by virtue ofcertain implements, elapsed since the date of this letter, it 
called gambadoes, where my feet stand has been very considerably improved, 
firm as on a floor; and I generally dine hy the Institution of the Agricultural 
alone like a king or an hermit, and Society and other means, though it is 
continue alone until I go to bed, for yet very far behind £ngland in this, 
even my wine will not purchase me m well as in many other particulars, 
company, and I begin to think of the It is still very ill furnished with trees; 
lame or forsaken as much as the poor but for this defect the gentlemen of the 
and blind. Mr. Jebb* never calls at country are not answerable, having for 
the Deanry of late ; perhaps he hath these fifty years unceasingly eudea- 
found out that I like nim as a modest voured to adorn their domains with 
man, and of very good understanding, plantations, and being constantly coud« 
This town is neither large nor full teracted by the lower ranks, who are 
enough to furnish events for enter- •<> far from being friendly to this kind 
taining a Country Correspondent; a of improvement, that no plantation 
murder now and then is all we have to ^er succeeds in Ireland, unless the 
trust to. Oiir fruit is all destroyed with proprietor devotes his whole time, both 
the long spring and east winds, and I nignt and day, to its preservation. When 
sliall not have the tenth part of my a young tree is a year old, it is almost 
last year's fruit. Miss Hoediv hatn sure to be cut down for a walking- 
been nine days in the small-pox, stick, and when more advanced, it is 
which I never heard of till this minute; carried off to make the side of a car, 
but they say she is past danger; she the only wheel carriage used by the 
would have been a terrible loss to the lower people in that country. Nor 
Archbishop. Dr. Felton, of Oxford, have the farmers of Ireland at all 
hath written an octavo about Revela- co-operated with their landlords in 
tion; I know not his character; he improving the country, by planting 
sent over four copies to me, one of fruit-trees; though several Acts of 
which was for Mr. Tickell, two for the Parliament were made to induce them 
Bishops of Cork and Waterford, and to do so, by advantages iu consequence 
one to myself, by way of pavment for held out to them. With respect to the 
sending the rest, I suppose, for he sent roads, they were, in 1732, nearly as 
me no letter, and I know him not. had in England as they are here de- 
Whenever you are in this town, I hope scribed ; it being not uncommon then 
you will mend your usage of me by in this country, for a gentleman in his 
comingoften to aphilosophick dinner travelling carriage to expend four or 
at the Deanry. This I pretend to ex- fivp days in a journey of one hundred 
pect, fijr the sake of our common miles. Within the present King's 
Princess Lady E. Germaine, to reign, the roads in both countries have 

-T — I • — been greatly improved ; and iu Ireland, 

» This was the Rev. Dr. Juha Jebb^ (he in general, they are now as good, if 
vonerable Dean of Cubel.^£i>iT. not better, than in England. The de- 

1896.] Brnttria on Irekmd iff Mu Makm. $ 

scription of the filth i^iid dirt of the b therefore a gtoss niisr^priBsen.tation to 
lower classes, and of their cottages^'i^ say, that there is not one che^r/hl 
perfectly just; and is nearly, though countenance among themi or thai 
not quite, as true this day> as it was they are miserable and half'Slarved, 
seventy-six years ago. 3ut it is a gross Though they often assume a whining 
misrepresentation, though it has been or complaining note, in speaking to 
made not only by Swift here, but by their superiors, they are eminently 
raan^ other persons in this country, cheerful ^mong each other. The mi* 
within these tew years, from an affec-^ sery, tlierefore, which our declaimeis 
tation of superior feeling for the dis* In rarliament of\en assign ^o the lowe? 
uesses of the poor, and some for Irish, does not belong to them, but to 
paltry part^ purposes, to represent the upper classes, who are forced to be 
tbem as miserable and half starved* daily spectators of their modes of 
It is so far from being true, that It may life, ana of the wretched dwellings in 
be safely asserted, that they are in virhich the labouring poor in Irdaod 
general jTu/Zer fed, though not better choose to livej in. consequence of. 
ted, than the people of the same de^ which, every gentleman of that coon« 
scription in £ngland. In almost all try, how highly soever hi$ own grounds 
the cottages, every creature has every may be cultivated, the moment hQ 
day a belly full; because, unfortu<» passesontof them,, must be disgusted f 
nately, in some respects, for the coun-> and if he has any delicacy of feelings 
try, thev are perfectly content with must be made misernhh by the uo- 
eating tne same food (potatoes) three sightly and ^hhy appearance of 
times a-day. Mr. Arthur Young has every cabin, and of all its inhabitanta^ 
shewn that the price of labour in Ire* A hundred instances could be enu* 
land, though much lower than here, merated, of gentlemen having, in vain, 
will purchase for a labouring man and endeavoured to improve the face of 
his family, much more of that sus- their country in this respect, by build- 
tenance to which he is accustomed, ing decent cottages for the inferior, 
than all the money which an £ng- classes; who are so wedded to their 
lish labourer can earn wiir purchase old habits, that .they think glass win- 
of wheat, the sustenance to which dow9 and chimnies a nuisance, and. 
he is accustomed. The price of la- prefer a building without either, as. 
boar in Swift's time was extremely much warmer aud more comfortable, 
low ; but so was that of all the neces- This disposition it is which is the tj^ue 
sary articles of food, &:c. ; but it cause of the miserable appearance of 
has been since raised to lOd. and in the people ; for as to the people them- 
some places to a shilling a day ; which selves, most assuredly thay are not mi- 
is much more than equal to Is. 6d. serable, having in general good Bres, 
the general price of labour in England ; tolerable cloatning, and plenty of food, 
and though the necessary aiticlts of which is not always the case in the 
life are somewhat raised within the much more decent and cleanly English 
last thirty years, that is, since Mr. cottage. Unfortunately they have no 
Young's book on Ireland was published, dislike of dirt, and have very little 
his observation is as true now as when relish (or comfort : accordingly, when 
he wrote. The assertion, however, they have a little money to spare, they 
that most of the lower classes are abun- scarcely ever think of purchasing any 
dantly supplied with food, has one one useful article of convenience or 
exception ; the case of a widow, with cpmfort: they are just as well pleased 
several young children, who, unless with a damp and filthy earthen floor, 
she is relieved by the humanity of the as with one of wood or tiles, which if 
rich, which she often is, in Ireland, they possessed theywould certainly never 
is always in extreme distress, and by wash, and prefer sitting on low stools, 
DO means provided with sufficient in an odious atmosphere of smoke 
sustenance ; but persons of this de- rolling over their heads, and issuing 
scription are distressed in every part of out of the cabin door, to the best 
the world. In at least three out of English cottage that ever was built, 
four parts of Ireland, the lower orders And hence throughout the whole of 
have plenty of fuel. Hence we see that the kingdom (except perhaps in the 
ia two articles, therefore, of the great- North, where the accommodations are 
«t necessity, they are better supplied much more decent), there is rarely 
than the same class is in England. It found a ruddy healthful girl j their 

^ Sxpemei of the laU Addi^omii AUte. [ha. 

complcxloiis and eyes being, from ^Mr.URBAif, J(w. 1826. 
their infancy, injured by smoke (to \rOyR Correspondent R.H. in joor 
say nothing of the want of frequent X Number for Oct. 18«6, p. 31 6, m 
ablution) ; msomuch that the women, enumeratmg the benefits of additional 
of the lower order, are all old at thirty. Assizes, states, " that the expences of 
Ifthe inferior classes of the people of holding them, generally, would be 
Ireland were more fastidious, if, in- nearly defrayed by the relief which the 
stead of being satisfied with potatoes counties would experience m |thc 
thrice a-day, they wished for better maintenance of prisoners, by the di. 
food, and more comforts (as we call mmution of the period of imprison- 
them, though they do not think them ment before trial, or afterwards, of 
so), they would eitert themselves to those under sentence either of impn- 
obtain those adranuges, and the agri- sonment or transportation.' Now, 
cultuce, and the appearance of the Sir, I think that your Correspondent, 
country, would be necessarily improved, to have made anything of his area- 
la consequence of consuming wheat, ment, should not have confined his 
and sometimes barley, and other grain, calculations to the expence saved to 
insteadofpoUtoes, they would probably the counties, but have extended them 
relish beer, and numerous breweries so as to include all the expences that 
would be established in every countv; would be incurred by holding the td- 
thc gentlemen and their tenants would, ditiond Assizes, and have shewn a 
to mention a trifling matter, then be clear saving upon the whole account 
furnished with yeast for the making of I have attempted to make such a cal- 
bread, which is now just as difficult to culaiion, so far as relates to hokling 
be procured as it was in Swift's time ; the late additional Assize, and the fol- 
and hence also the consumption of lowing is the result : 
whiskey would be diminished, which Two Judges and their officers 
is nowoften drunk to excess; but taken and servants, seven days at 
moderately, is certainly a necessary Chelmsford, and travelling to £. s. 

correction for the watery and flatulent and fro* 200 

diet, potatoes and milk, on which High Sheriff, with his officers, 

three-fourths of the people in Ireland javelib - men, servants, and 

live. equipage 300 

In addition to all these circum- Twenty -three Grand Jury* 

stances, which have retarded the im-. men, attending three days, at 

provement of Ireland, there is yet ] /. a day each 6g 

another to be mentioned, of no slight Forty-eight Petty Jurymen, at- 

importance; that of the labouring tending four days, , at lOs. a 

poor, for the most part, living in insu- day each 96 

lated dwellings, and their sustenance The expences ta parishes of 

being procured by their own labour; the constables making returns 

in consequence of which, they have no to the high-constables of the 

occasion to go to market, either for their state of their parishes, 380 

potatoes br milk ; and have no oppor- at 5* 95 

tunity of improving in civilization by Justices' clerks' and high-con- 
social intercourse, and occasionally stables* fees on ditto, at 3$, 

conversing with persons somewhat each parish 5? 

alK)ve their own sphere. If, instead Travelling expences of 33 

of this mode, they were congregated Chief- Constables attending 

in hamlets and villages, and were the Assizes, 155. each upon 

obliged to purchase the necessaries of an average S4 15 

life, the number of markets would be ........._ 

gready increased, and probably pro- Total expences jg84l 15 
vided with butchers' meat, as well as the ■ 
inferior articles ; and farmers and others There were 82 prisoners on the ca- . 
of a class above them, instead of lendar,. of whom, according to the 
being obliged, as Swift has it, ' to Chelmsford Chronicle, about 30 re- 
club fora mutton,* would be conve- gained their liberty, and of course were 
niently and plentifully supplied in discharged about thr^ months earlier 
every quarter. than they would have been if there 
Yours, &c. £. M. had been no Assizes till March. I 


Righit of the Clergy. 

do not kiiow what it costs the countj 
per man per year for maintaining pri- 
soners, but I should think 30/. (U. 7d. 
per diem) an ample allowance, and 
that would give a saving of 225/. for 
the 30 prisoners discharged, which> 
being deducted from the total expeuces, 
leaves a deficit of upwards of 600/. per 
tuumm for a single county. 

I admit there are some benefits re- 
suiting from the additional Assizes in 
the Home Circuit, and that these be- 
nefits would result to other counues if 
the additional Assizes were extended 
to them ; but what I contend for is, 
that these benefits would be conferred 
at a comparatively enormous expence ; 
and afler all I believe that the major 
part of the objects deriving the benefit 
would justly deserve the three months* 
additional imprisonment, inasmuch as 
they consist of persons who are dis- 
charged upon proclamation, in conse- 
quence of their having bought off their 
prosecutors ; or who are acquitted, not 
m consequence of their apparent inno- 
cence, but of its being impossible to 
adduce sufficient legal evidence of their 
guilL Yours, &c. '' J. C. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 12. 

I HAVE pemsed with attention and 
satisfaction two Letters in the late 
Numbers of your Magazine (])p. 399 
and 512), one signed Verax, and the 
other Pacificus, respecting the op- 
pression too commonly saffe red by the 
oeneficed Clergy from wealthy Land- 
lords, in withholding and resisting 
their just claims. This is an evil which, 
as Verax truly observes, "calls loudly, 
and long has called, for some remedy.*' 
He seems to speak feelingly (perhaps 
from experience) of the formidable 
difficulties and overwhelming expenses 
which are inevitable when an incum- 
bent asserts his rights by the only 
means at present in his power, that of 
litigation. Indeed, these discourage- 
ments are so great as almost amount to 
a denial of justice. Two methods are 
suggested by the above writers of re- 
dressing such wrongs. Verax pro- 
poses the plan of raising a fund for de- 
fraying the law expenses; and Paci- 
ficus prefers the mode of instituting 
inquiry into all such injustice and 
grievances, by means of commissioners 
to be appointed for that purpose, in the 
same way as has lately been adopted 
respecting school charities and some 

other endowmen ts. Of these proposals 
the latter appears to be the more eli- 
gible and practicable. But leaving this 
discussion to the judgment of ouiers, 
allow me to sugsest an additional mea- 
sure on the sutyect, which, at the 
same time that it would be attended 
with little trouble or expense to any 
one, would, I am confident, prevent 
the further increase of one very fre- 
quent and vexatious form of this la- 
mented oppression, which is the setting 
up and maintaining unfounded mo- 
duses, the investigation of which is 
peculiarly difficult and expensive. If, 
on a plan similar to that recommended 
by Pacificus, an inquiry were only 
directed to be made in every parish re>>^ 
latins to all existing moduses, whether 
sound or otherwise, and an account of 
them, as certified by the patron, in- 
cumbent, and principal inhabitants, 
were transmitted to the Bishops of the 
respective dioceses, to be deposited in 
the church records, an effectual stop 
would necessarily be made to this 
species of encroachment. Pacificus 
says, " At present a terrier of all the 
rights, privileges, &c. of each indivi- 
dual benefice is usually called for and 
returned at the primary visitation of 
the Bishop of the diocese; and in these 
returns mention is usually made of the 
encroachments and deprivations which 
may have occurred ; but the Bishop 
has no right to interfere in such cases 
as are here contemplated.** The fact, 
however, is certain, as my own know- 
ledge and observation enable me to 
testify, that every year new moduses, 
which are not mentioned in the ter- 
riers, make their appearance, and are 
maintained sometimes with success, 
notwithstanding the known and esta- 
blished point of law, that the onus pro- 
handi rests with the landholder; such 
is the cotifidence placed in the inabi- 
lity of the Clergy to defend themselves 
by suits at law. Now it appears surely 
very singular and improbable, that in 
any document relating to the rights of 
a benefice, so material a circumstance 
as a known modus should ever be 
omitted ; whence I think it may be 
assumed, as a reasonable presumption 
and rule in the case, liable to a few 
exceptions, that the silence of any au- 
thentic terrier respecting a contested 
modus, or indeed any other, should be 
a conclusive evidence against its sound- 
ness. If I am mistaken in these sen- 


On the Rank of ' Gentleman.' 


tiiiients, I shall be thankful if any one 
will point out to me the fallacy of my 

The plan saggested by Pacific us 
has my entire approbation, as beinz 
judicious and conciliatory; and I should 
sincerely rejoice at the prospect of the 
above evils being remedied by this or 
any other means. My fears, withal, 
are many, that the luke-warmness 
which has long appeared in respect to 
the rights of the Clergy, must for a 
while preclude any sanguine hopes 
of success. 

Yours, &6. Amicus. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 20. 

IT is hardly to be wondered at, that 
there should be advocates for this 
or that mode of regulating precedence : 
each individual wishes to have the 
point settled in a manner best suited to 
nis own interests ; and where shall we 
find one who has not the vanity to 
fancy himself entitled to a much higher 
place than that which really belongs 
to him? The great Judge Hyde, of 
Bengal, used to say, '* Every man it 
seems is a gentleman now, wno wears 
shoes!*' 1 here are certain rules esta- 
blishedy which it is as much out of our 
power to alter, as to create Peers : 
these rules assign to persons, who are 
gentlemen by birth, a priority of those 
members of the three learned pro- 
fessions, who may not happen to be 
so, and consequently of the naval and 
military ones. It may here be proper 
to specify, whom we deem gentlemen 
by uirth, besides the sons of the no- 
bility, &c. ; they are the sons and 
grandsons, nay, even the near descend- 
ants (provided their immediate prede- 
cessors, or themselves, have not been 
tradesmen) of hereditary esquires : the 
esquire hereditary is so<:alled, because 
his ancestors have possessed, and his 
posterity will possess, a landed estate 
of such an amount, as entitles them 
to the denomination. 

With the vanity of individuals or 
their merits, we have no concern, un- 
less, indeed, his Majesty is graciously ' 
pleased to confer on them, on account 
of such merit, a mark of his royal 
favour, and commands that that mark be 
duly registered in his College of Arms. 

A man, stating as a reason for his 
being entitled to rank higher than a 
gentleman by birth, that he commands 
one of his Majesty's ships, or that he 
presides in a military capacity over 
thousands of our fellow creatures^ is 

altogether absurd, and not to the point. 
If we were to establish a precedent of 
this nature, we should daily be subject 
to similar appeals; the ivhole united 
kingdqm would be flocking to the 
respective Heralds' Offices of the three 
countries, in order to represent their 
excellent qualities, and their utility to 
the State: and to pray that their pre- 
cedence might be altered in considera- 
tion thereof! for instance, the county 
manufacturer would represent, that he 
employed hundreds of men in hb 
looms, or his potteries, &c. ; nay, 
tradesmen themselves would lay in 
their claims, from likewise giving em- 
ployment and support to thousands of 
families I 

Blackstone was, indeed, an orna- 
ment to the legal profession, but I 
have in vain searchea for hira in our 
college as a herald: and as to Guillim 
(p. 308) he is known to have had very 
imperfect notions about precedence; 
Tis true he wrote and published a 
Table, as did the other : and so may 
every individual, settling rank in a 
manner, as I before hintecT, best suited 
to themselves, their kinsmen, and con- 

Before I conclude, Mr. Urban, I 
must beg leave to add, that the point 
must be indifferent to the Heralds; 
they have no personal concern in it; 
they would be very glad Jto support 
the claims of merit, however clouded 
by obscurity of origin ; but I believe no 
authority to do so has yet been vested 
in them, though the date of their estab- 
lishment in London is 1340. They 
are the guardians of hereditary dis- 
tinctions, and of claims to those dis- 
tinctions; they are the supporters of 
ance'storial nobility and gentility. N- 

(C. of Westminster would be moeh 
obliged to any of our Correspondents, to in- 
form him where a drawing or print of tht 
Gatehouse Prison, at Westminster may be 
seen. Any Correspondent in possession ol 
either would confer a great obligation by th» 
loan of it. 

The Rajah of Vanneplysia asks, in re- 
ference to note 8, in p. 4 1 8, «< How landed 
estates could have' devolved from William 
Longespee, Eso. of Salisbury, to the 
Strangea, since he has ever conceived the 
present Lord Audley to be the heir geoerd 
</ his body ? " We refer him to MiUs's Ca»- 
talogue of Honour, p. 1040, Dmik. Q^f. ii 
253, ■!>?•'• William de Longespee left 
two daughters and coheirs, one married 
to Lord Strange, Uie other to Lord Audley 
of Healey- 



The subject to which your earnest attention is solicited is that of Negro 
Slavery as it subsists in the Colonies of Great Britain. The following is 
a concise view of its nature and efifcctSj every circumstance in which 
stands fully established by the testimony of the colonists themselves. 

In the Colonies of Great Britain there are, at this moment, upwards of 
830,000 human beings in a state of degrading |)ersonal slavery $ the ab- 
solute property of their master, who may sell or transfer them at his plea- 
sure, and who may brand them, if he pleases, by means of a hot iron, as 
cattle are branded in this country. These slaves, whether male or female, 
are driven to labour during the day by the impulse of the cart-whip, for 
the sole benefit of their owners, from whom they receive no wages ; and 
in the season of crop, which lasts for four or five months of the year, their 
labour is protracted not only throughout the day, as at other times, but 
during half the night. Besides this, they are usually obliged to labour 
for their maintenance on the Sunday ; and as that day is also their market 
day, it is of necessity a day of worldly occupation, and much exertion. 
The colonial laws arm the master, or any one to whom he may delegate 
liis authority, with a power to punish his slaves to a certain extent (gene- 
rally that of thirty-nine lashes), for any offence, or for no ofience. These 
discretionary punishments are usually inflicted on the naked body with a 
cart -whip, which cruelly lacerates the flesh of the 8ufi*erer. Even the un- 
ha|)py females are equally liable with the men to have their persons thus 
exposed and tortured at the caprice of their master or overseer. The 
slaves, being in the eye of the law merely chattels, are liable to be seized 
and sold for their master's debts, without any regard to the family ties 
which may be broken by this oppressive process. Marriage is )irotecte(l, 
in the case of slaves, by no legal sanction, and cannoC therefore be said to 
exist among them ; and in general they have little access to the means of 
Christian instruction. The efiect of the want of such instruction, as well 
as of the absence of the marriage tie, is, that the most unrestrahied licen- 
tiousness, (exhibited in a degrading and de[>o])ulating promiscuous inter- 
course,) prevails among the slaves ; which is too much encouraged by the 
example of their superiors the Whites. The evidence of slaves is gene- 
rally not admitted by the Colonial Courts, in any civil or criminal case 
affecting a person of free condition. If a White or fi'ee man, therefore, 
fierpetrates the most atrocious acts of barbarity, in the ])rpsence of slaves 
only, the injured pariy is left without means of legal redress. In the 
Colonics of Great Britain, the same facilities have not been afforded to 
the slave to purchase his free:lom, as in the Colonial possessions of Spain 
and Portugal. On the contrary, in many of our colonies, even the volun- 
tary manumission of slaves by their masters has been obstructed, and in 
some loaded with large fines. Many thousand infants are annually born, 
within the British dominions, to no inheritance but that of the hopeless 
senitude which has been described ; and the general oppressiveness of 
which may be inferred from this fact alone, that while, in the United 
States of America, the slaves' increase rapidly, there is, even iww, in the 
British Colonies, no increase, but oa the contrary, from year to year, a 
diminution of their numbers. 

Such are some of the more prominent features of Negro Slavery, as it 
exists in the Colonies of Great Britain. Revolting as they are, they form 

GtkT. Mao. January, IHiG, 

*i Nigra Slavery, [JaD. 

only a part of those circumfitaDces of wretchednefis and degradation which 
might be |K)inted out, from their own official returns, as characterizing 
that unhappy state of being. 

It is by no means intended to attribute the existence and continuance of 
this most opprobrious system to our colonists exclusively. On the con- 
trary, the guilt and shame connected with it belong also to the People 
and Parliament of this counti^. Biit on that very account are we the 
more rigidly bound to lose no time in adopting such measures as shall 
biing it to the earliest termination which is compatible with the well- 
being of the parties who sustain the grievous yoke of colonial bondage. 

In May, 1823, the Government and Parliament of this country havii^ 
taken these evils into their consideration, resolved that the degnided 
Negio should be raised, with all convenient speed, to a participation of 
the same civil rights which are enjoyed by the other classes of his Majesty's 
subjects. In this resolution all parties, even the West Indians, concurred. 
Ministers proposed to carry it into effect by a recommendation from the 
Crown to the Colonial Legislatures. Against thb course, the leaders in 
the cause of abolition entered their protest. The Colonial Legislatures, 
they said, were themselves the cause of all the evil that was to be re- 
dressed : to hope for effectual reform at their hands was valh and illusory: 
that reform could be brought about only by the direct and authoritative 
interference of Parliament — a point which experience had abundantly 
provec]. The Ministers of the Crown, however, thought it right once 
more to try the experiment, only intimating, that, if the Colonies contu- 
maciously resisted. Parliament would be called upon to interfere. Ac- 
cordingly they lost no time in urging the Colonial Legislatures to pass 
certain laws for giving effect to the Resolutions of Parliament. Those 
Legislatures have, however, resisted the call. Upwards of two years and 
a half have passed, and no effectual steps have yet been taken by them 
with a view either to the mitigation or extinction of slavery. On the 
contrary; the documents laid before Parliament, in the last session, prove 
that they are fully resolved not to comply with the requisitions of Govern* 
ment. What now remains, therefore, on the part of the Public, but to 
in)p]ore Parliament at length to take upon themselves the task of termi- 
nating the evils of colonial bondage, and to proceed, with all convenient 
speedy to the accomplishment of their own resolutions ? 

It is our clear and indisputable duty, not only to do this, but to strain 
every nerve to effect, by all other lawful means in our power, the extinc-. 
tion of Slavery. And the obligation we are under thus to act will be 
strengthened, when we consider the large sums we are now paying an- 
nually — not less than a million and a half— to the slave-holders, in the 
shape of bounties and protecting duties on their produce; by which pay- 
ments we are made the great and efficient upholders of that slavery which 
we condemn. We ought at least to claim to be freed from contributions, 
by which we are made to participate directly in its guilt. And if this 
boon should not be granted to us, we have it still in our power to abstain 
from the purchase and consumption of articles which tend to implicate us 
Ml the maintenance of that hi ous system. 

As we cannot doubt that the mce, on the part of the colonists, to 

the proposed reforms, will be pov ml and persevering, it becomes neces- 
aary to call into action all proper i both of diffusing a knowledge of 
the evils of colonial bondage m luut the land, and of exciting in- 
creased e£fbrts for speedily putiii « period to the state of slavery itself 
throughout the British d 

In taking a view of tht sw :h ybeei with advantage 

to bring about this result, ii wo ] oie \o overlook the am- 

jbamdors of Him who came tor prm u '' i - on earth, and good will 

1886.] hegro Slwsery. 3* 

to men J** of Him who daiins it aa hb peculiar office to " bind up the 
broken-hearted,*' " to preach deliverance to the captives^ and the opening 
of the prison to them that are bound.'* — ^To the conscientious Christian 
Minister, of every name, we look with con6dence for effective aid in 
behalf of the wretched Negro. 

Should it be objected, that it would be a lowering of the dignity, or a 
desecration of the sacredness of the Christian pulpit, to employ it in the 
discussion of secular questions, it may be replied, that the present degraded 
and oppressed condition of 830,000 of our fellow-creatures and fellow- 
subjects, with the bnuish ignorance and heathen darkness consequent 
upon their cruel bondage, is by no means a mere secular consideration. 
If it be, then is a great portion of the instructions of our gpreat Lord and 
Master of a secular kind : for on what subjects did he chiefly discourse, 
in his divine Sermon on the Mount, but on those of justice and mercy, of 
com|)assion and kindness ? And what were the objects of his severest 
maledictions, but ii^ustice, oppression, and cruelty; above all, h3rpocri8y, 
—the combination of a high profession of religion with the violation of 
its righteous precepts ; long prayers, and sanctimonious observances, with 
the ** devouring of widows* houses," extortion, and oppression ? What 
was the chief aim of his instructive parables— of the rich voluptuary and 
Lazarus ; of the good Samaritan ; of the relentless fellow-servant— -and 
of his awful illustration of the Day of Judgment, but to inculcate lessons 
of compassion and sympathy, and to incite men to works of mercy and 
labours of love ? 

But it is losing time to attempt to obviate objections which have no 
real existence. The Christian pulpit u every where employed in pressing 
topics of an exactly similar nature, though of less urgent necessity than 
that in question. Is not a great proportion of the Charity Sermons which 
issue from the pulpit, preached for the establishment and support of infir- 
maries and hospitals; for the relief of temporal want, and the mitigation 
of bodily suffering ? 

But not only would the exposition of this subject from the Christian 
pulpit be in strict accordance with established precedent, but the consi- 
deration of it there would be peculiarly appropriate. If righteousness, 
justice, and mercy, be essential parts of the Christian character; if all the 
Law and the Prophets be comprehended in the two commandments of 
loving God with all the heart, soul, and strength, and our neighbour as 
ourselves ; then are we bound to manifest those qualities by the sympathy 
we feel for our Negro brethren, and by the exertions we make for their 
relief; then is it the indispensable duty of the Christian Minister to urge 
his hearers to combine their efforts for that purpose. He does not hesitate 
to urge upon them their obligation to abound in every good work. But 
is it |KMsibIe to conceive a work more consonant to the Christian cha- 
racter, than that of administering relief to the most wretched and helpless 
of the human race, whom our own institutions have doomed to misery, 
barbarism, and bondage ; and whose intense sufferings we ourselves are 
perpetuating and aggravating, both by the consumption of their produce, 
and by the additional support we affonl to the slave-system by bounties 
and protecting duties ? Unquestionably the guilt of its enormous and 
accumulated evils lies on every individual in the empire, who can raise his 
voice against it, and yet is silent. And more especially does this respon- 
sibility press upon every Minister of the Gospel, who, believing such things 
to exist, yet shrinks horn denouncing and reprobating them, and from 
urging on his flock their solemn obligations with respect to them. 

If it be true, that, in the Last Day, those who have not sympathized 
with, and aided, their suflering brethren, will be classed with the enemies 

#4 l^egro Slavery, [Jan. 


of Christ, who " shall go into everlasting punishment;" can we suppose 
that those shall be deemed wholly guiltless, who, having had it in Xh&x 
power to contribute to put an end to such a frightful complication of 
misery and crime, have refused to unite in that vvoi-k of justice and mercy ? 
When '' righteousness shall" at length " be laid to the line, and judgment 
to the plummet ;" and when actions, which too many are apt to regard 
as indifferent or innocent, will be ranged, their motives and consequences 
being taken into account, in the column of crime ; the part we may have 
acted respecting the poor Negro will assuredly not be left out of the esti- 

Had the Ministers of the Gospel been always alive to the obligations 
which lay upon them as the preachers of truth and righteousness, Negro 
Slavery, that compound of injustice, impiety, and cruelty, conld never 
have gained that footing which it now possesses in this land of high 
Christian profession and of preeminent benevolence and refinement. 
And ifjhey were now to exert themselves with becoming zeal and energy, 
that c^stemjt comprising every calamity and outrage which man has power 
to inflict upon his fellow-men, could not long subsist in a countiy where 
Christianity is recognized and established as a part of its fundamental 
laws \ where temples for Christian worship are profusely scattered in 
every part of it ; where its Ministers have free access to all ranks of the 
community ; and where Religion lifts her mitred head in Courts and 
Parliaments, is suffered to raise her voice in the Palacc as well as the 
Church, and to admonish the Legislature and the Monarch, as well as 
the People. 

Why this deep crime and foul disgrace of our countiy should, with a 
few noble exceptions, have hitherto escaped the reprobation, and been 
imagined to lie out of the sphere, of the Christian Pulpit, it were useless 
to inquire. We rejoice in the hope that the illusion is rapidly dissipating, 
and that the time is at hand when the cause of the hapless Negro will be 
advocated in the right place, with the boldness and fidelity becoming 
Christian Pastors. Some distinguished Ministers of the Gospel have al- 
ready set the example, and we anxiously desire that all, whether of the 
£stablishnient or belonging to the various religious bodies, may follow 
the noble precedent — not merely by adverting briefly and cursorily to the 
subject of slavery 5 not merely by describing the horrors of the system, 
and exciting the sympathy of their hearers for its unhappy victims ; but 
by pointing out and pressing the adoption of the most eflectual means of 
putting an end to it; and by shewing that every individual, however 
obscure his station, or humble his talents, may render important assist- 
ance, may do much, by his own example and influence, towards its final 
destruction. — He may at least unite in petitioning Parliament to eman- 
cipate the slaves from their cruel bondage. He may testify to all around 
him his detestation of that bondage, by abstaining as much as possible 
from the use of those articles which are the produce of the tortures and 
agonies of his fellow-creatures. And he may at least address his earnest 
and unceasing prayer to the God of mercy, that He would listen to the 
sorrowful sighing of the oppressed, and that He would hear and answer 
the cry of those who are suffering from the cruelty and rapacity of men 
calling themselves Christians. 

The preacher who is acquainted with the enormiti^ of Negro Slavery 
will find it a subject fruitful of instruction, and bearing with important 
weight on the great fundamental truths and essential duties of Chris- 
tianity. He may trace in its history, and in its effects especially on the 
masters, on the free-bom sons of Christian Britain, who are unfortunately . 
engaged in administering this system, the stat^ of hardness and insensi- 

182<S.] Ne^ro Slavery. 5* 

bility at which the human leart may arrive, under the petrifying in- 
Quence of an vmrestrained passion for gain. He may point out the depths 
of wickedness into which men may plunge, when invested with untimited 
power ; the tremendous mass of bodily and mental anguish to which they 
can remorselessly consign their fellows ; the monsters of cruelty and op- 
pression they may become, when abandoned to themselves, when emanci- 
pated from the fear of human punbhment and from the restraints of 
religion, unawed by the prospects of future judgment, and unsoftened by 
the love of God. In the developement of this system he may awfully 
illustrate the natural tendency of human propensities, and the consequent 
necessity and infinite value of a Redeemer, and of that Divine Influence 
which can alone renovate our fallen nature, and from which alone pro- 
ceed all the virtues and graces which adorn and beautify the human cha- 
racter, as well as all the genuine fruits of righteoi^sness which tend to 
improve and to bless mankind. 

When he has once fairly entered on the subject, he will not find it 
barren and circumscribed. It will afford ample exemplifications of Chris- 
tian duty ; strong and varied appeals to the hearts and consciences of his 
hearers, especially those of the higher and more infiuential classes, to 
whom a wide field of interesting labour may be presented, in endea- 
vouring to spread and to keep alive, among their friends and neighbours, 
a general interest and sympathy for the most deeply injured of the human 
race, and in shewing by what means relief may be most effectually adnii- 
nbtered. Thus would a fresh and powerful impulse be imparted to bene- 
volence, and the warm glow of Christian Charity be circulated from 
bo6om to bosom. Thus would the rich, according to Apostolic injunc- 
tion, be admonished to ** do good,*' to be ** rich in good wofks.'* New 
sources of pure satisfaction would be 0|>ened to theui, in exciting fellow- 
feeling and brotherly kindness in all around them ; in tasting the luxury 
of beneficence} in proving that the pleasures of sympathy fkr surpass 
those of selfish enjoyment -, that their own happiness is augmented in pro-^ 
portion as they are earnestly engaged in promoting the welfare of others, 
and those not of ihcir own nei^^chbourhood and countrv alone, but of the 
stranger, the poor captive in a distant land, of him who seems to have no 
human helper; and in thus inheriting " the blessing of those who are 
ready to perish,** and the richer blessing of Him who hath declared that a 
cup of cold water alone, imparted in Christian charity, shall not lose its 

The preacher, by directing the moral perceptions and religious prin- 
ciples of his hearers to the subject of Net^ro Slavery, will shew them a 
great work of righteousness, of justice and mercy, in which all may en- 
gage, from the highest to the lowest, and thereby afford substantial proof 
chat there is life and power in the religion they profess ; that it is an 
active vigorous principle ; which may be mighty, even in feeble hands, to 
the pulling down this strong-hold of multiplied evil, and setting at liberty 
830,000 immortal beings, the wretched victims of a two-fold bondage, 
bondage of soiU as well as body. 

We are aware that great offence may be taken by some individuals at 
such an employment of the Christian pulpit, at such an exposure, in such 
a place, of a system in which many persons of the first consequence, and 
of allowed ivspect ability, " men of education and liberal attainments,'* 
ire concerned. But that can be no solid ground of objection with 
those who consider the great offence excited by the preaching of their 
great Lord and Master on a similar occasion, — that of detecting, exposing 
and reprobating ** wickedness in high places,** — the injustice, extortion, 
and cruelty of Scribes and Pharisees, persons in their day of great 
eminenc-e and distinction. 

6* Negro Slavery. [Jtn. 

Under existiDg drcumstances, we can imagine no subject which can 
more worthily engage the constituted guardians of the public virtue^ its 
. morals and religion, than the denunciation of that anti-Christian tyranny 
which tends to obliterate all sense of natural justice^ every feeling of 
humanity, every principle of religion ; which renders the hearts of its 
active agents and abettors inaccessible to Christian reproof, and subjects 
them, consequently, to a more hopeless bondage than even that of their 
poor victims, inasmuch as it extends beyond the period of their present 

We can imagine nothing more truly in character for Ministers of that 
Gospel which lays the axe to the root of every corrupt tree, than to makie 
open war against this bold and. malignant " enemy of all righteousness;*' 
since it is apparent that in no community, where it reigns as in the 
British Colonies, can the Gospel have *' free course,*' so as to produce 
those extensive moral transformations which it is destined to accomplish. 
It is a matter of heartfelt rejoicing, indeed, that the preaching of the Go- 
spel, even in the land of slavery, should not be unaccompanied with its 
renovating power; but we consider such instances of its success as no 
argument against the general hostility which the system of slavery bears 
to Christianity. Such, indeed, is the baneful influence of that system, 
and the contaminating effect which a familiarity with it produces, that 
even zealous Ministers of the Gospel are led to imagine themselves under 
the melancholy necessity of administering that Gospel partially. They 
inculcate, indeed, upon the oppressed slave, its gentleness, meekness, and 
long-sufiering ; but they withhold from its oppressors the exposition of 
the woes which it denounces against injustice and oppression. And even 
those othe^' sins, which prevail most among the masters of slaves — the 
violation of the Sabbath, and impurity of conduct — they dare not con- 
demn, with the explicitness which becomes the Christian Minister, but at 
the hazard of persecution, if not of martyrdom. The truth, instead of 
being preached without reserve, and impartially to all, must, in this part 
of the dominions of Christian Britain, be garbled and mutilated. To 
preach the pure doctrines of the Gospel to slave-holders ; to enforce upon 
them the sanctity of the Sabbath ; to tell them that fornication is one of 
those sins for which the wrath of God will come upon them ; to remind 
them of the absolute right of their fellow-men, the Negro slaves, to re- 
ceive at their hands compassion, justice, humanity, brotherly kindness, 
love, would be to rush into the very jaws of destruction. We may ima- 
gine, from the example of the Missionary Smith, what would be the fete 
of the Minister or Missionary who, in the land of slavery, should have the 
boldness to tell the slave-holders, " It is not lawful for thee thus to de- 
grade and oppress thy fellow-creature, thy brother : It is not lawful for 
thee to treat immortal intelligences as brute animals ; to scourge and 
chain thy over-worked and defenceless slave : It is not lawful for thee to 
force him to labour on the Sabbath for the subsistence thou art bound to 
give him : thou art thereby heaping to thyself wrath against the day of 
wrath.** And, yet, is not this the language he is bound to use ? 

But *' to touch on such topics,** it may possibly be said, " would be the 
height of imprudence, and must wholly defeat the object of Missions, and 
endanger the lives of the Missionaries : the fete of Smith and of Shrews- 
bury are sufficient proofs of the necessity of caution.** We admit the ex- 
istence of the danger : we admit that fiersecution more fierce and cruel 
could hardly be expected in China or Japan, than has been experienced in 
the Slave Colonies of Christian Britain. But without censuring those 
who have submitted to the alleged necessity of thus abridging their com- 
mission to preach the Gospel, to declare the whole counsel of God, to 
every creature; we would ask, whether all this does not prove the incom- 

1896.1 Negro Slavery, 7* 

patibiliry, not only with law and justice, but with. Christianity itself, of the 
slavery Which prevails in our Slave Colonies. But though it may be diffi- 
cult, and even perilous, to exhibit, in those colonies, any other than an 
imperfect and mutilated picture of Christianity ; yet here at least, in this 
happy country, the Minister of the Gospel may enforce its obligations 
without concodment or reserve. In the United Kingdom, at leasts an 
unmutilaled Gospel may still be preached, without hazard, to the highest 
as well as to the lowest of the community, none daring to make the 
boldest asseiior of its uncompromising doctrines afraid. Here, Neguo 
Slavery, the most daring of all outrages on the laws both of God 'and 
man, may be safely and successfully attacked from the Christian pulpit ; 
and, by the instrumentality of that mighty engine, even have its death- 
blow speedily administered. 

Thirty-eight years have now elapsed since the wrongs of the Negro 
Slave have occupied the anxious attention of the people of England. 
How little has yet been done for his vindication, we need not specify. 
But we may ask, how much longer we are to wait in the expectation that 
the Colonists will themselves achieve the work of reformation ? Or shall 
we leave them still to place their reliance, for the perpetuation of their 
immoral and destructive system, on our carelessness, or timidity, or in- 
sincerity — a feeling which, it must be owned, our conduct in time past 
has been too well odculated to engender ? Is it not at length high time 
to resort to decisive and effectual measures ? Is it not high time that 
Christians (those to whom the name truly belongs) should combine all 
their efforts, should concentrate all the force of their moral and religious 
principles, in the strenuous use of every means by which they themselves 
and their country may be soonest purged from this deep pollution ? Is it 
not, most especially, high time for " the Priests, the Ministers of the 
Lord,** to interpose, that this moral plague may be stayed, before this 
highly favoured land be smitten with a curse ? Let the worshippers of 
Mammon propose a league with this " enemy of all righteousness;'* but 
let Christian Ministers give it no quarter. To them we would say, in the 
words of I he Prophet of old, " Cry aloud ; spare not ; lift up thy voice 
like a trumpet ; and shew my people their transgression, and the house 
of Jacob their sin/* After the example of the same Prophet, let them 
reprove and exhort those who, while they frequent the courts of the 
Lord, and appear to " delii^ht in approaching to God,** yet continue to 
" smite with the fist of wickedness;*' and, on the very day appropriated 
to His service, " to find their pleasure, and exact all their labours ;'* re- 
minding them, that the service which God requires at their hands, in the 
first place, is *< to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy bur- 
dens, to let the oppressed go free, and to break every yoke.'* Nor does 
Me le9s require, at the hands of all his Ministers and all his People, that 
they should combine their strenuous and unceasing efforts to bring about 
this righteous consummation. 

London, January 1, 1826. 

The following publications of the Anti-Slavery Society contain, a fiiU 

view of the nature and effects of Negro Slavery : — 

SMpbco't Derineation. WUberforce's Appeal.— Clarlaon's Thooghts. Nccto Sla- 

rerj, as it exUu in the United Sutes, and in the British Colonies, especially in Jamaica 
Debate of 1 5th May, 1883, with an Appendix. First, Second, and Third Re- 
ports of the Anti-SUvery Society. ^TracU, No. I. to XV. on Negro Slarery, of which 

No. XIU. solves the question, If Negro Slavery sanctioned by Scripture ? Anti-Sla- 

wnr Reporter, No. I. to VI I«— ^Impolicy of Slavery.— —Stephen's England enslaved 
by her owb Slave Colosiaa. 

*8 Negro Slavery. fJan. 

Jan. 16. 

As it is generally underttood that the subject of Negro-Slavery in the 
Colonies, will be re-agitated during the approaching Session of Parlia- 
ment, a few suggestions upon that important topic may be acceptable. 

It will not be denied, by those who may be at the pains to refer to the 
long and arduous controversy, relative to the Slave-trade and Slavery, 
which commenced about the year 1768, began in parliament in the year 
1788, and terminated, in 1807, in the abolition by statute of the traffic 
in Slaves, that the emancipation of the Slaves and the abolition of 
Slavery, were, at that time, considered in the light of consecutive measures, 
designed to follow the abolition of the trade : nor will it be disputed that 
the implied and expressed reasons for not then enforcing the abolition 
of Slavery by parliamentary authority, were, on the one hand, a tender- 
ness towards colonial prejudices and proprietory claims, and on the other 
a persuasion that the West Indians would perceive their own true interest 
to be in the progressive accomplishment of that which was the declared 
wish and intention of the parent state. 

It will be important to bear in mind these premises, when we come to 
the inquiry what has been done since the year 1807, towards the accom- 
plishment of this great and needful reform. 

Nineteen years have passed, in the course of which a generation 
of negroes, in bondage, may be said to have disappeared, and another 
to have succeeded ; so that the Colonies now contain a race of young 
blacks, rising into life, of all ages, from the youth of nineteen years, to 
the child of an hour old, who have all been born to this wretched inherit- 
ance since it was virtually proscribed, by the British Legislature, as that 
which was altogether uncongenial with the laws and constitution of our 
country. And what have the West Indians done to mitigate or ameliorate 
the system? How have they fulfilled an understood pledge to reform 
it: they have done positively nothing : and in some instances worse than 
nothing. This 1 venture to affirm on the authority of their own docu- 
ments, now on the table of the House of Commons : And this I con- 
ceive to be the case which will shortly occupy public attention. 

Bnt while they have done nothing to remedy the evils of Slavery, they 
have justified the anticipations of some of its enemies, and among others 
of one of his Mjyesty's present ministers (Mr. Canning), whose sentiments 
are always entitled to respect ; and who, in 1799, is reported to have 
expressed himself, in his place in parliament, as follows. 

*' Trust not the Masters of Slaves in what concerns legislation of 
Slavery. However specious their laws may appear, depend upon it they 
must be inefiectual in their operation. It is in the nature of things that 
they should be so. Let then the British House of Commons do tiieir 
part themselves. Let them not delegate the trust of doing it 
TO those who cannot execute that trust fairly. Let the evil be 
remedied by an assembly of freemen, by the government of a free people, 
and not by the Masters of Slaves* Their laws can never reach, could 
NEVfeR cure the EVIL. There is something in the nature of absolute 
authority, in the relations between Master and Slave, which makes despo' 
iism in all eases, and under all circumstances, an incompetent and unsure 
executory even of its own provisions in favour of the objects of its power,** 

T, Fisher. 

1936.] St. Kathar'me Ducks. 9 

St. Katharinv Docka. It is computed that the Docks and 

I^HK accompanying View of the Basin will afibrd accommodation, an- 
proposed Commercial Docks at oually, for about 1400 Merchant Ships, 
St. Katharine's will, we conceive, be including private-trade Indiamon ; he- 
acceptable to our Readers, (see Plate /. ) tides crail for loading and discharging; ; 
This important work was undertaken and it ap|)ears that advantages will be 
by some of the leading Merchants, afirirded to Shippintr from improved 
Shipowners, and Traders of London, means of ingress and egress, which no 
to meet the necessity of giving addi- other Docks in the United Kingdom 
tional ncconimodation to the great in* possess, as Vessels of from 18 to SO 
crease * of business in the Port of Lon- feet draft of water may be locked from 
don ; to secure a reduction in the rates 2 to 3 hours after high water, and 
and charges, (which the mercantile small vessels and lighters at all periods 
and shippniff interests conceived were of the tide. 

exorbitantly ni;^h at the London Docks, The total cost of the site, the pur- 
no other Docks conveniently situated chase of buildings, leases, and the va- 
affordin^ the means of com|)etition ;) rious interests concerned, including 
and to bring the Port of London nearer com|)en8Stion and expenses of carry- 
to a level in point of expense with the ing the Act into execution, and of 
other Ports ot the Empire, where Bond- constructing the works, it is estimated, 
in^ is permitted, but more |)articularly will be about 1,350,000/.— but an out- 
with tntr principal Ports of the Con- lay of 1,500,000/. has been provided 
tinent of Europe. for, to as to cover contingencies — 

Tiic situation selected is thought to whilst the Capital Stock of the Lon- 

be unparalk'llcd in jmint of conveni- don Dock Company amounts to up- 

ence, being as near as may be to the wards of 3,300^000/. 

scat of business ; and as the Docks will It must be evident therefore to the 

l)e surrounded with walls, they will be- meanest capacity, that as the London 

come entitled to all the Privilms of Dock Company^ (the management of 

the Warehousing System, and ofLegal which is charged with an expenditure 

(juays. Thin, goods lodged therein of 60 per eini. uron the income,) are, 

will not, upon exportation, be chai]pe- under all their aisadvantaeet, enabled 

able with the duties upon defioiencicsy todifide 4| per cent, to the Propriet- 

a most important advanugc to the on, that the St. Katharine Dock Cknn* 

Mt-rchant. pany will, with an equal share of bu- 

Thc room afforded for warehousinff, tiness, vield a profit of full 10 per cent, 
bondiii;;, and quay-room, will be nearly a beoent equal in amount to the West 
equal m extent to the LondoD Doek^i India Docks, notwithstandinf; the pro- 
and tVom an improvctl co g ti f a ction of fit derived by that Public Body, the 
the Warchoutety which will be erected proprietort have within thete few days 
M-ithin a few feet of tbe margin of the com'cned a meeting to increase their 
Docks and Basin, a eoasiderable lat- cstcs, thus proving the necessity of corn- 
in;; will be eflected in the CKpense of petition. We understand from the of- 
labnur. ticial returns of the Customs, that it 

* Fmni Accouats priated bv order of the Hoosc of Comioooi, it apptars that 
la 17*M. previous to Doeks being coattraaied a the Port of London, the 

%aliie (if (mpurU and Expotts wm ..., , i^30,99Q,ooo 

Id I '<i)ii, afur the Docks weie totmed, the value increased to SGySfiTiOOO 

In l^lfi, the value increased to , 46,0.35,000 

Anil ill 1 "iib, the value amounted to 06,936,000 

\\e\ns an increase of 6^^ millions, aa compared with 1798. 

Ti.e onmber of Oiasters which entered this Port in 1814, was lA^l.S.Q 

In 1«J1 : 18,915 

Kriri:: an encrea«e in Seven Years of .3,776 ahi]>9. 

The nuni'jer of Shi|*i mnnred in ike River dwMQ 1804, after the West India 

Duels were fipen, waa 7,327 

lu 1>=i2.u when five Dock* and three Wet Duck Canals were open and fully 

employed, notMitlivtandin;; the extciided accommodation 13,1 1^2 

iWin: ail increase of 6,ouu ships Ounrhj tintfold) in addition to which about 

l/MU vo\agv« hy Steam-boats annually, will in future obstruct tlie Navigation ahove 

(ftNT. M^G. J^#'*<ari/, 182'>. 



St, Kaiktitkne Dodts. 


appeenv another increase in the nam- 
ber of vessels which have arrived in 
the Port of London from foreign parts 
has taken place, durinz the last year, 
of upwards of 600 sail, and that the 
Dock Establishments on the North 
side of the river have as much busi- 
ness, if not more, than they can pos- 
sibly attend to. Projects like this de- 
serve every eficourageihont, and prove 
that the Merchants of London are 
willing to make an effort to prevent 
the Port of Liveri)Ool, and the 
neighbouring Continental Ports, from 
still further drawing away the trade 
of London. Next to the St. Ka- 
tharine Docks, we think the Col- 
lier Dock at the Isle, of Dogs most 
deserving of attention, as calculated to 
relieve the river from an obstruction 
to navigation, which in course of time 
would otherwise prevent ships with 
general cargoes approaching conve- 
nient places of discharge near the 
Custom-house, and has indeed been 
serious matter of complaint for many 

Mr.URBA*, '^'•^'fg!" 

TH£ writers of two letters in your 
Magazine, vol. xcv. ii. p. 39 1, 
manifest a most extraordinary portion 
of sensibility at the demolition of the 

of call for rogues and vagabonds, of 
which too many are to be found in this 
district: nor ought I to omit to no^ 
tice the number of Dealers in Ma- 
rine Stores who reside in the viftiuity, 
a species of traffic in which the title 
to property is not usually enauired inta 
For many years a respectaole female 
could not pass or repass certain parts 
of Sl Katharine*s, without being ex- 
posed to vulgar and indecent abuse; 
on that account the Brothers and Sis- 
ters of the St. Katharine*8 Hospital 
have been compelled to discontinue 
the occupation of the houses set apart 
for their residence. Seamen have been 
repeatedly robbed and plundered by 
the BLAC&>eyed nuns of St. Katha- 
rineVIane, and instances have occur- 
red in which sailors, after having had 
their hard earning subtracted by what 
are technically m these parts called 
Conveyancers, have been precipitated 
headlong out of the windows ot some 
of the receptacles for infamy, into the 

In the centre of the precinct is a 
public wharf,' appropriated principally 
for the deposit of breeze and night- 
soil, which at times emits a dreadful 
effluvia, contaminating the atmosphere, 
and rendering the air highly deleterioos. 
We have also a lime-kiln in the centre 
of the precinct. Heaps of dung, filth, 
so called beautiful Collegiate Cbtirch of and masses of corruption have been prr- 
the Hospital of St. Katharine ; and ex- mitted to accumulate upon some ofthe 

hibit much puling cant at the removal 
from the graves of what are by your 
Correspondent curiously designated the 
tenantry of the Churchyard. 

Parliament having thought fit to 
authorize these proceedings, it is fo- 
reign to my purpose to discuss whe- 
ther the Act ought to have passed or 
not, but as an old. inhabitant of the pre- 
cinct, I beg leave to offer a few obser- 

Although I am obliged to change 

pieces of waste ground ; and such for- 
sooth are the fields of Elysium, studded 
with hot-beds of vice, wnich your Cor- 
respondents are anxious should be pre- 
served. The only chance, Mr. Urban, 
of correcting, the habits of the unfor- 
tunate class of beings alluded to, is by 
destroying this concentration of vice 
and debauchery, and thus remove the 
inhabitants to other districts, whereby 
an opportunity will be afforded of bet- 
_ _ _ teriiig their condition, and improving 

my residence under the operation of their morals, by associating with per- 
that Act, I confess I do so without re- sons who may contribute, through in- 
gret. I have for many years, unfor- dustry and example, to render them 

tunately, been compelled to witness 
the profligacy and vicious habits of a 
considerable portion of the inhabi- 
tants and casual sojourners of this and 
the neighbouring ))arish. Sinks of in- 
famy, and abominations of almost every 
description, are here to be met with ; 
and I have repeatedly heard it declared 
by the Officers of the Police, that per- 
sons guilty of offences in the eastern 
part of the Metropolis, are usually ap- 

useful members of society. 

With respect to the late Churchy it is 
really farcical to hearjt so grossly over- 
rated, by describing it as a beatUtfsd 
Collegiate Church, &c. 

Whatever may be its age, the un- 
hallowed trowel of an Irish bricklayr*' 
removed, within the last seven yean, 
all its beauties from the eye, the out^ 
side of the Church having been daubed 
over with common mortar and plaster. 

prehended in the biothelt and houiet The interior was always very damp, to 

18M] Mr, Wooktake om tk§ Sasan Othu qf Kini. 11 

if to mtke It irahcalthyj and althon^ been requested to arrange and connect 
capable of containing between two tbo fragnientt ; and although I am sefi* 
ihoniand and 3000 persons, in a neigh* sible how moch they stand in need of 
bourbood of from five thousand to 6000 the master-band that framed the de- 
population, seldom were more than sign, and bow feebly and* imperfect 
rrom 30 to M) persons coogreaated .th«v now express what he intended, as 
therein ; in addition to which M it weli as how great are the deficiencies 
not be forgotten that it was not a Pt^ in manv portions of it, yet I have 
rockiai Church* Whatever there was cheerfully rendered this tribute of re- 
worth preservine has» under the di- spect to the memory of a friend I es- 
rectton of the Chapter, been removed, teemed, and feel satisfied that I have 
it being intended to replace the same also been instrumental to the pleasure 
in the new Church. and information of many of your readers. 
With respect to the graves, I have No new matter has been added. I 
personally witnessed the delicate and have chosen rather to leave the subject 
scrupulous attention which has been imperfect, than upon aoj occasion to 
paid to the wishes and feelings of the introduce my own opinions ; and in 
relatives and friends of the deceased, correcting, arranging, and giving some- 
1 have also seen the very creditable thing like an uniformity o7 appearance 
manner in which the pamful opera- to the materials put into my nands, I 
tion of removal has been executed, the have faithfully laid before your readers 
expense being defrayed by the Duck the sentiments and the reasoning of 
Company. But why is tne attention their author. Thos. Sharp. 
of the publick to be thus roused, and I.— >KENT. 
improper attcropu made to inflame the Intending to take a view of the Pro- 
feelings, m tktt particular instance ; gress of the Saxon Coinage, coramenc- 
whilst similar proceedings, under the fng with the reign of Ethelbert I. and 
Bank Act, Mint Act, Commercial- including that oT Harold II. I begin 
road Act, London Bridge Act, Fleet- with the kingdom of Kent. 
Market Act. Post-Officc Act, New in the year 698 the inhabitants of 
Street Act, &c. &c. have been allowed that kingdom are recorded to have em- 
to uke place without a voice having braced Christianity ; but that a much 
been raised asainst them ? The cloven earlier attempt had been made to in- 
foot, Mr. Urban, is discoverable in the (roduce it, is, I believe, generally al- 
repeated attacks which have been made lowed ; and there is reason to suppose 
upon the New l>ocks; the real truth that St. Augustine was not the first 
is, that they form a part of the syste- who attempted to rescue them from 
matic attempts which have been made the ignorance and barbarism in which 
by some of ihe London Dock* Propri- they were immersed. Certain, how- 
eton«. to obitruct the progress of a ever, it is, that soon after 598 the king- 
rival Esublishment. dom of Kent was wholly converted to 
Aw Inhabitant tlie Christian faith ; and an ingenious 
OF St. Katharink's. author has well remarked, that most of 
^ the Skeattas appear from their symbols 

MTT A* ^ r .A to have been struck in Pasan times, 

Yr.Ui.BAX. G>ren/ry. Jan. 2. ,^j consequently previous to this sera. 

OL R own pue* bear ample tes- ^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ 

tunony to the extensive nunm- ^^^ (h"; First's Skialla hasten disco- 

malic intormaiion of the late Kev. VV. „^,^ .„,i ^c ,i,;« u..» ..™ r-„, o~.«: 

Woolslone of Adderbury. At his de- "V^' "f°l '^" *"" "^"^ '^''^ "P*^'- 

. , - • / f . . . mens are known, 

cease he left, in a veryimperf«:t.tate. j ^^^^ ^^^^^^ . remarkably 

. «rr,e. of [»p«rs mtended to embrace g„^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^, f^„^„ ^„j„ „ j^J^ 

• eomplete Survey of the Saxon Coin- ^ j^ ^^j j„ ^„ ^^^„^^^ engraving 

fKl-f.". "j;::".^:?!'"i..!!.l- ofanother. that the,« is no cro^ upon 

prcrred by some of the best informed .^j, ,^ ^jj), ,f,^ Christian faith^ 

collectors and numismatisti. 1 have ^^^ ^j^ „f Ethelbert may be suppose/l 

• Howner this irav We bwo the cut, »? •'?"« b<enfabri<ated before the ar- 

•, think «• nay MteitthM our Cormpooil- "«&> o> St. Augusune m 596. It is 

^f. tmc bMo •ctuated only by uitiqiiar'iaa true that some few of the uninscribed 

s«l (Dd tMU for the Aru. Edit. Skeattas have the orots, but this oc- 

If ^Mt: WooUtanecn the Saxon Qnm 0/ Kent. £Jaa 

cars 80 seldom, that we ou|;ht not (in and was the predecettor of EtlMlbeit 
my opinion) to luppose thii circum-> li. it it obvious chat the Skeatta in- 
stance gave rise to the use of that sym- scribed Bthelbert^ must belong to the 
bol by Christian Monarchs^ and 4n- first Monarch of that name. Beoroa 
deed the invariable introduction of it is the last of all the Heptarchic princes 
in the Coins of after-times^ shews that of whom we have Skeattas, and of these 
something more than fancy led to its two only are known» both preserved 
adoption^ iu the Hunterian Collection. 

On the death of Ethelbert in G46» It is not improbable that they ceased 

the Kentish throne was filled by his with him, as Pennies were coined io 

son Edbald, who remained possessed the Mercian kingdom prior to his reigo 

of it until 640, and was succeeded by by Eadwald, and in that of the West 

Ercornbert, but as no Coins of either Saxons by Athelward. 

of tliese Kings ha\'e been discovered, I As, therefore, no Skeattas are found 

proceed to Egbert, whose Coins are of of a date posterior to 7^0, and Pennies, 

two sorts, some few having his name as I have shewn^ were struck pre- 

upon them, but for the most part are viously, it would seem that from that 

without it, that of the Mint Master time the^ were disused, and the Penny 

•only being given. adopled m their stead. 

As the Skenttns without the name Th<*re are certain periods when the 
very much resemble those with it, and Coinage of the Saxons attained a much 
the same Minter*s name usually ap^ higher degree of perfection than cha- 
pears on both descriptions, together racterized it at a subsequent time; a 
with the fact of no Skeattas of the remarkable instance of which is visi- 
Kentish kingdom of a later period be- ble in the Coins of Olfa, and there ap- 
ing known, there is little doubt hut |>ears to be no doubt of the fact that 
that both varieties belong to this Mo- the Coins of the later Kentish Kings 
narch. They are found with several were wrought by workmen who had 
though not remarkable differences, so been previously employed by the Mer- 
that there is reason to suppose that al- cian Princes. Dudda and* Werheard 
though some attention was paid to the worked for Cuthred of Kent, and also 
fabrication of the coins, the genius of for Coenwulf, of whom there is a 
the M inters was not sufficiently fertile Penny, reverse, a cross prosslet dior- 
for the invention of new types. The moo monbta; and Baldred the last 
cross appearing in so conspicuous a King of Kent has a similar reverse, 
place as the centre of the coin, further with the same moneyer's name. The 
strengthens luy belief thai it was adopt- former of these Sovereigns flourished 
ed in consequence of the great import- A. D. 798, the latter 8O7, so near as to 
ahce attached to that sacred symbol by fairly allow of a conclusion that both 
the first proi)agators of the Christian pieces came from the hand of the same 
ileligion. artist. 

One very remarkable peculiarity at- Oba wrought also for Coenwulf and 
tached to the Coins of this King bear- Weldred of Kent ; and there is a Coin 
ing his name, is, that his figure is given of Egbert with device and inscription 
at lull length ; a practice that was never similar to that of Coenwulf named 
again repealed until the reign of Ed- above, which, as he flourisheil from 
ward the Confessor, the obverse of 801 to 837, we may fairly take for 
whose Pennies, having the martlets, granted issued from the same Dior- 
exhibit him in like manner, with this mod's Mint. 

diiference, that Egbert appears sUnd- It is remarkable that there are no 

ing, and the Confessor in a sittine; pos- Kentish Coins from the time of Eg- 

lure. 1 would here observe that Skeat- bert, A. D. 6()4, to that of Eadberht, 

tas and Pennies have never been d is- 749, a f)eriod of almost a century, 

covered of the same King { indeed the which singular deficiency would al- 

Peuny is only the Skeatta in a more most lead to a conclusion that the 

improved and enlarged form ; and this (wactice of coining was laid aside, and 

circumstance accounts for the non-ap- that the previous mode, whatever it 

pearance of both, as appertaining to might have been, was reverted to; for 

the same Monarch. Skeattas of Ethel- on a sudden the Pennies of Eadberht 

bert and Egbert of Kent, and Beorna, appear with all the marks of advanced 

King of the East Aiiglps, A.D. 749, art, and are no doubt the fabrication 

are the only ones that are found, aiid of Mercian artists employed by that 

as l^dbecln of Kent struck ptnuies, prince. Some of these Pennies are. 

tvith the «3Ll:efttum of the names of iai4 Eadgar, it produced ooly 3/. 5<;; 
their reipectwe owners aod coiners^ and sab»equently at Barber's in 1803, 
exactly Birailar ta certain others of :ivhere it formed a lot, and was knock* 
Ofia'8» proving ineontestibly that they ed down at 28i. Expunging this coin^ 
are the production of the same artists* therefore, from the genuine Saxon se^ 
1 would also further observCf that the ries, we shall be left without a single 
Goina of Cuthred and Beldred have piece, that can with even a shadow of 
the name of their kingdom in whole probability be ascribed to the second 
or in part Latinized, which is the ge. Ethilberht of Kent, the Coins of the 
neral and almost universal property of sole Monarch of that name being so 
the Mercian specie. — It will perhaps exactly copied from those of his pre- 
be recollected that Eadberht's Pennies decessor Bihelwulf, as to leave no 
are not here noted as having the Latin doubt of the correctness of their aip- 
gentile noun, but there can be no ob- propriaiions. It may be. further re- 
jection drawn from this circumstance, marked of the fictitious Coin of EthiU 
as the style of their device would not berht II. that the legend of the ob* 
allow of its being made rUse of. The verse wants the whole, and even any 
want of portrait to the money of Ead- part, of the abbreviated word JCANT, 
berht is to be regretted, since the style which in the money of the Kentish 
of workmanship is of a superior qua- Kings bearing the portrait is never 
lity. omitted. 

Of Ethelberht II. only one Penny is There are two sorts of Pennies in- 

4mown, which can with any degree of scribed Cuthred Rex ; one with and 

probability be ascribed to hiui ; and one without the head. All those which 

this I have strong reason to think is are found with the portrait have CANT, 

spurious. It has on its obverse the ^ind are therefore unquestionably the 

head circumscribed Ethilberht Rex; property of Cuthred of Kent, 

reverse, a wolf with 2 infants sucking xhe Cuihreds without the head 

it: the design copied, as Pegge, who have been hiiherto thought to. belong 

^rst published theCoin, imagmts, from to the West Saxon Monarch of that 

a posticofthe Lower Empire, copper of name, but Dudda <md Wferheard ap- 

ihe smallest size. This reverse in- pear as Minters both on the Coins of 

siantly awakened my suspicions, and Coelwulf and Girthred ; and the type 

in my deliberate opmion renders the adopted by the former Mi nter is exactly 

piece highly questionable. Its first the same in the Coins of both Kings 

appearance was from the collection of (excepting the name), and as they 

a Mr. Lindegreen, an intimate friend ^ere contemporaries, surely no one 

of the late Mr. White, whose culpa- will be hardy enough to deny the 

ble ingenuity in the copying of ancient claim of the Kentish Cuthred to the 

Saxon and English corns is unfortu- Pennies without the portrait. This 

naiely too well known: and that at affords another and an indisputable 

times he was not backward in favour- proof that the Kentish Money was 

ing his friends with extremely rare under its latter princes struck by Mer- 

coinsof a certain description, has been cian artists, and also accounts for the 

made fully apparenL vast improvement apparent in their 

Dr. Pegge, as a learned frieud of Coins in so short a period. Let me 

mine justly observes, was, in regard to add in supj>ort of the Kentish Cuth- 

coins, credulity itself; and Mr. While rcd*s claim to the Pennies without 

having met with this inestimable the head, that several of these have the 

piece of Ethilberht, had only to same Mint-master's name as those 

communicate the grand discovery to with L'VNT on their obverse, altoge- 

him, in order to have it immediately iher forming, I think, an irresistible 

announced to the world with all due mass of evidence in favour of the ap- 

form and circumstance, and with a la- propriation I have made, 

boured attempt to account for every Proceed we then to Beldred, the 

the minutest particular and uncotn- last Kentish Monarch, of whom we 

mon appearance of it. That the pub- have Coins. His are of two kinds, 

lick entertained no very high opinion with and without the portrait, and 
of the Coin is clear, from the prices at both have been discovered within 

which it has been since sold ; viz. at these four years, beinp; also at present 

Linde^reen's sale in 17S5, when with extremely scarce. All that 1 have 

an Oflfa, Exlward the Martyr, Eric, -seen, or of which engravings have 

Edward the elder, Athelstan, Eadred, come under my inspection, have 


Jocbnni ofth$ Oteeh DemHtiiadm, at Oxford. 


CANT, and are executed in a 8ty1e 
equal to those of Cuthr^d. As 'there 
vru only one King of this name, no 
question can arise as to the right ap- 
propriation of these Coins ; and there 
la nothing remarkable in them save 
that those with the head have the 
place of mintage expressed on the re- 
verse, which IS the first instance of 
this kind. 

Mr. Urbait, Bristol, Jan, 4. 

HAVING lately perused n^ore thaii 
one account ot an eccentric be- 
ing well known at the far-famed Uni- 
versity seated on the classic shores of 
the winding I sis, by the title of Con- 
atantiue, as it woula appear one of the 
progeny of the Demetrius dynasty of 
the *' olden time," or by a singular 
stretch of the imagination, probably 
like the bulk of maiikind, simply a de- 
scendant of Ceres, who was the Da- 
maier or mother of mortals, and the 
J«is of the Egyptians, — I have ven- 
tured to offer a few brief sketches of 
the life and conduct of this remark- 
able individual, having had, like many 
others, an opportunity of forming some 
sort of acquaintance with him during 
my college career, at a period when 
this quiet inoffensive specimen of the 
Romaic pugnacious breed frequented 
most of tiie halls of learning and the 
sciences, in his quest after victuals, and 
occasionally that admirable succeda- 
neum to all our wants, known by the 
blunt name of English sixpenny and 
shilling pieces. 

I have thus clearly demonstrated 
that he was a Peripatetic philosopher, 
though you will assert he oore preten- 
sions to the school of the Stoics, from 
■ his fondness for porches and porticos 
(sloa*s). His name included more pa- 
tronymics than vulgar fame allows, 
and little was the risk of his identity 
being mistaken, when he bore the 
names of Chrysa n th us, * * golden flower,** 
and of Constant in ides (notConstantine, 
but son ofConstantiue),and of a pappa, 
or priest of the Greek Church, ^n addi- 
tion to bis more commonly received 
appellation of Demetriades. Query, 
whether bis tasteful title of Golden 
Flower (xpv^'cof a»9of) bore any allu- 
sion to his subsequent appellation con- 
nected with the worship of Ceres or 
Isis ? At Latopolis (now called Esneh), 
, in E(^pt, mentioned by the geogra- 
pher btrabo, and of which the ruinous 
remains of a port and quav are still 
visible on the seven-moothed Nile, 

and among the hieroglyphics In relief, 
a zodiac and large figurof of |i|ien with 
crocodiles* heads, — tlie oflyx of a flower 
above a bundle of its itemi, supplies 
the form of a column, and its base and 
capital among eighteen pillan, consti- 
tuting the portico of its well-preserved 
temple. The decoratioqp of these broad 
capitals are taken from (he prpductions 
of the country, such as the lo|U8, vine, 
papyrus or reed (papef reeds by the 
brooks, of Scripture)| pal(|i-tree in 
branches, leaves, and stages Qf its fruit 
By these calyxes of the flower of the 
lotus, tufts, and palm-treep in bud, 
and branches of the vine intermixed 
with pim to Isis, as goddess of the 
earth, the children of Ham dedicated 
all its productions, and made it a part 
of the produce of their temple, as 
an homage of theif gratitiide to Isis, 
who presided over that grand benefac- 
tion of Nature, th^i entry of the Nile 
into their canals. 

It is evident from these observations, 
that our philosopher's relations reflect 
uo small credit on themselves in hav- 
ing preserved so striking an allusion to 
his two learned epithets, thereby cou- 
pling the attributes of Isis or Damater 
m the most anpropriate manner. But 
without any jfurther digression, it is to 
he remarked that opr friend Chrysan- 
thus Constantinides Pappa Deme- 
triades! according to the epithets 
placed under an efRgy of him sold in 
the fruit-shoos of Oxford (for which 
piece of sacriiegjc, it is well known, that, 
having an invmcible dislike to any fi- 
gure whatsoever of his person, he ex- 
communicated the engravers and print- 
sellers in the name of all the saints, 
Byzantine or otherwise, in the Greek 
Calendar), was, as has been observed, 
not only a walking or peripatetic phi- 
losopher, but even a stoic. At the 
present day it is hard to say whether 
ne claimed alliance with the fearful 
Demetrius, son of Antigonus, sur- 
named Poliorcetes, or destroyer of ci- 
ties ; with that grandson of Antiochus 
of Syria, surnamcd Soter; or, waving 
the distinctions of Monarchs, whether 
he was not in some particular manner 
allied to a cynical ffiilosopher, whose 
exalted ^nius could live uncorrupted 
by the vices of the world. 

This rare genius was one of those 
modern Hellenians, who, like Procne 
in the fable, roamed round the palace, 
no longer his own, amongst his en- 
slavjcd countrymen, who of late have 
made such vast and successful efforts 

1996.3 Accomt of tha (h$€k Demetrkida, <^ OssJ^ 15 

in the caibt of tiberty, and of resistance says Theocritus)^ had but few scholars^ 
to the nnpriocipled tyranny of the Sub* and paid three halfpence a night (sooie- 
lime Port*. This heroism of the «ux- thin« more than an oholus) for his lodg- 
nifMi^tq 'A^cuoi, for indeed he wore »ngs Jn St. Peter Le Bailey. He used 
half-boots, and had an old brown sur- to ask for C«Qor(beer); and,, "Have 
tout to cover his fecanty wardrobe, was you got any wine or tea in your rooms? 
an unfortubate Oreek, brought origi- When shall I come to the breakfast^ 
naUy from ,ii village near Athens, or &c. ?** 1 conducted him one day to the 
as has lately be^h ascertained from buttery of Wore. College, when he 
Lepanto (the antient Naupactus, re- had some grub given him ; and then 
nowned in jtory, vide Strabo, Ovid, asked for some carve out of the kit- 
Fast, and Pausaniils), as many have chen. One day I flung him a six- 
supposed by Lord Elgin. He was pence from my windows in the High- 
thus left not unlike one of the muti- street, and he then asked me if I would 
lated columns or reliefs of the Parthe- give him an order on any grocer for 
non, or the Arundelian marbles at Ox- some $uto? 'ApajStxoj, by which he 
ford, to support himself by the pretence meant cofiee, and explained in French 
of teaching the men of tne University what was the signification of those 
Romaic, This study, however, brought mysterious words, 
him but few scholars, niost of the col- He said to a student of Jesus once» 
legians findinjg the study of the antient that in the course of his travels he had 
language quite sudicietit to engross the misfortune to get a touch of syphi- 
their mental efforts. He had, accord- lis in Bearr^ockiot ! , I saw him ascend 
ing to his own account, studied at Headington-hill one Sunday evening, 
Leipslc, and was forced to fly from and a gownsman struck him on the 
it when Buonaparte's troo))^ took pos- back, and called him bomhosa! No- 
session of the town. Strange, indeed, thing could incense him more than to 
that he should have giv«n Umbrage to call him so, or as some did, the hang- 
so mighty a Conqueiorl When there, man at Corsica. He was highly in- 
he said, the students used lb forward censed because the gownsman haci the 
his views at the University j, lind defray presumption to strike an ancient man 
the expences of his aci^uirements. He like him, and immediately inveiehed 
seemed to prefer speaking in the Italian against ** that old vagabond " the vice 
dialect to that of the Greek, which Can. and that old fool, as he styled 
made him appear in the character of a him, the Mayor of Oxford. He said 
foreign renegado. He generally greeted one day, on being asked the origin of 
those who knew him with tw? Ix"^ ^ ^^^ term Academus (at Athens), that 
brought him for curiosilv's sake to my *Axa was the man, and Jw/xoj was his 
rooms, and tried to mate him drink people 1 One day the head of Baliol 
wine; but he would not trespass be- College, Dr. J — , happening to touch 
yond one glass. This was in conse- him with an umbrella as he passed, he 
quence of his having' been formerly became very angry, and threatened to 
made drunk by a gentleman of the call on all the M. A. in the University 
same college, who invited him under with whom he was acquainted, and to 
pretence of learning Greek from him ; make a public speech complaining of 
he ran about the^ttflrf, calling out, "Oh! the injury received. He was a con- 
Mr. F , Mr. F , you make me stant attendant on the butteries of Bal- 

drunk, you make me drunk I" He found liol, Wadham, and other Colleges; 

great fault with our method of pro- and this practice might almost have 

nunciation of the ancient language, procured him the title of Stoic, or por- 

and said, wherever the acute accent tico hunter. One day, while in the 

appeared, the syllable should be arti- kitchen of Wadham College, some of 

culated as a long one. I gave him a the members having given him a pot 

passage of the Medea of Euripides to of beer, the old savage cocus (cook) of 

translate, but he could make nothing the Society took occasion to inveigh 

of it, and only shewed he had a dis- against him, and said, " What a va- 

lant idea of what it meant. 'Eff^SoOei* grant like him pretend to teach Greek! 

J9», for instance, he said, meant "go 1 can teach Greek as well as he I'' and 

from hence,*' in the. aforesaid tragedy, nuite terrified our 'AOjivcaoj. Some of 

He was fond of saying, £2p( ^aXouo; the men were waggish enough to ask 

of^^wTo^, the « pronounced short,— him the meaning of aiJoia, and he 

and that he was very poor (the cause told him in plain English the sisnifi. 

of all the arts was poverty nevertheless, cation. He would laugh when 1 ob- 

16 DenitirlaMi'^CIerical Vestmeitii.-^Shmidan^ Tablet. [Jaii. 

ifitpnt 19, that the ailments it coii«- 
tains may have Bome effect on those 
parishei which have not sufficiei^ily 
thought on the subject. JH* 

•ervedf to him that the Greeks were 
tlaves, 9\ *EXX«i*fi Wo» I 

The following is a liidicrous anec* 
dole of an enienainmeni given by a 
Jesus luan to four strange characters 
at Oxford, viz. the old Greek Deme- 

" A regard for the decencies of Pub- 

to the usage of 
has prompted 

, __ parish of •♦♦ 

Coansellor Bickerton, and a man grown ^^ ^jgj, ^q see the Clerk, when he offi- 
music mad, and an Hebrew Jew. — ciates in the church, clothed in the 
These strange characters being thus gown appropriate to his order. The 
amalgamated, became exceedingly ob- Parish Clerk is an ecclesiastical officer 
•treperous, and all quarrelled abom ^f the highest antiquity; he has a 
their respective merits, each pretend- freehold in his office, he occupies a 
•ing that the other knew nothing about conspicuous part in the congregation, 
what he professed to disculis. The ^nd performs a necessary part of the 

•contest began between the Greek and 
the Jew. The gentleman who gave 
.the entertainment then thought pro- 

grr to anoint the head of Counsellor 
ickerton with a quantity of grease, 
;and then powdered it with the addi- 

performs a necessary part 

Divine Service. Upon these seasons 
is founded the propriety of distinguish- 
ing him by a particular vestment : and 
the practice of doing so prevails, not 
only in the Metropolis, but in roost 

, ith the addi- of the larger and more opulent parishes 

lion of flour, krcked. him out, and ahut throughout the kingdom. In order, 

the door*. This was the only method therefore, that the parish of ••♦ may 

of eudjiifl; a quarrel which lasted with j^q^ appear to be backward in this re- 

, great acrimony till a late hour, and it gpect, an opportunity is now offered to 

maybe easily, imagined what a; Babel 'those who may be desirous of it, to 

.the commotion ot four such choice furnish, by private contributions, a 

• tnirits could create. • Clerk's eown. the estimated expence 


^ Let the above suffice for a sketch 
of the poor native of Greece at Oxford, 
who, as Juvenal Siays, like another 
Muse, and not fitted by natuie to act 
the part of the Graeculus in the house 

■ of a Roman patrician, — • 
<* Esurient migraret in atria Clio."— Sat. 7. 

. yet left behind him a thousan 
pounds, after living so long in penury, 
to be expended by the pappas in 
prayers for his soul tor the next huii 
urcd years. ^ 

Clerk's gown, the estimated expence 
of which amouriis to — . The gown 
to be for the use of the' officer for the 
time being, and not the property of 
the individual.*' 

Mr. Ukban, 

Jan, 12. 


. vol. Part ii. p. 487, has sent you 

the inscription on a tablet, erectecl in 
St Peter's Church, Thanet, to the 

-.- — — memory of the father of Richard 

OxoNiENSis. Brinsley Sheridan, and which inscrip- 

" tion he states to have been written by 

Jan. 7. ' the late Dr. Parr. I will not be so 


; ments and hoods during the celebra- ' put up at the cost of that gentleman, it 
lion of Divine Ser\'ice. In a certain ' is most probable ihiat he also furnished 
parish it was noticed that the Clerk the inscription. That Dr. Parr was 

Mr. Urban, 

appeared io his desk without his ap- 

{3ropriate cost nine or habit. The foU 
owing Circular soon induced the pa- 

• rlshioners to provide him with the ac- 
. customed clothing. 1 request your 

kindness in giving it [lublicity. My 

* What wonder too if those should claim a 
' lii thb right conclave of the wisest great, 

• Too gay for pomp, too lively for a town, 
. A^ tbce they Uoghy unhappy Biokertoa ! 

. ..... . (hfiirdSf^* 

not the author, I have it in my power 
to assert most decidedly. The inscrip- 
tion which he prepared, and which 
was intended for a monument to be 
set up in the Church of St. John, 
Margate, in which parish Mr. Sheri- 

■'dan died, 1 have seen, and it is now in 
the possession of a medical gentleman 

. at Margate, at whose request Dr. Parr 
wrote it ♦. F, B. 

• To whom we thonld be much obliged 
S^ % correct copy of it.— Edit. 

leSS^ Jrmof Thoaua Duke of CTarmce at Bamilapk. 

., „ HoriBood, near Bam- 

Mr.URBAi.. „„p;e,^^. ,,,8J5. 

IN May, I8I9, some workmen em- 
ployM in forming 3 (an-yaid on ihe 
fill of the Priorv called St. Magdalen In 
Barnstaple, laid open the foundations 
«f many extensive walls, thick and 
htmeA of very solid masonry ; the 
mortar cementing the atones being 
harder even than the stones ihcmseiies. 
They were covered by immense heaps 
of slones, slates, and rubbish, appii- 
lenlly thrown over them at the demo- 
lition of ihe buildings. Amongst the 
wbbish were fraj^menls of cojiinms, 
tibsof groins, paving tiles glazed willi 

in high pre- 
hich I send 

Tfty perfect, i 

. ilie Arn 

jon an exact cnpy. 

The whole of these foundaiioiis and 
rabbish had been covered, for a^es, 
W a fine green-sward, and now being 
Mlrpardy uncovered, and the rubbish 
agiin thrown back, as suited the con- 

GiVT. MxG. January, ISSR. 

of the workmen, it was not 
possible lo form a correct. idea either 
of the extent or form of these build- 

Two skeletons were found, one was 
very perfect, and a man's. Near this 
skeleton jay a small bell, such as is 
tinkled in the Calholic Churches dur- 
ing the celebration of mass ; it was of 
bel! metal, and not in the slightest 
degree corroded, the clapper, being of 
iron, was destroyed by rust. Several 
coins were found, and some, as I 
heard, of silver; but of the latter I 
could not obtain a sight.- 
. A souterrain was laid open, but 
whether it was an extended passage, 
or merely the cloaca, it neither suited 
the purse nor inclination of the tanner 
to ascertain. There is a tradiuon that 
there once existed a subterranean com- 
miuiicaiion under the river Yeo, from 
this place, 10 a religious establishment 
at Bull Hill, near Pilton Church, 
where the Pope's indulgences were 
sold, I believe, however, there are 

Thotmu Dmk0(^^ CUwtnotr^SW JEgffriiM Bf^df^ [PM 


e¥f- pkcts wher^mmilar traditions do 
not exist. The Nuns and Friars w«re 
b^ieved to have secured to themselves 
the means of frequent and secret meet- 

There is also a tradition that a stone 
coffin had been found here, containing 
the body of a man in complete armour. 
A Clergjrman informs me he had seen 
it mentioned in some primed book, 
but does not recollect the author's 
name. W. 

*^* WE consider the arms on the 
Barnstaple stone to be those of Thomas 
Duke of Clarence, second son of King 

vagance, or- foolery, orTteef If $M 
is the testy then HaMeite WHmmi m 
her £ditor> is the greatest ganius <tf 
the age. Here is a proof that etthev 
vicious anecdotes of brcaheb, and 
scandal, please the greatest number, of 
readers; or else that books arebong^ 
for some other reason than becaaae 
they please, 

A curious anecdote of the test of 
merit which a large sal^ gf a book 
aflbrds, is told by Lord Orford in his 
•• Memoirs of George the Seconc^" 
vol. ii. p. 418. 

" Smollett's next work," ssys he» ** was 
Henry the Fourth, by Mary one of the Hwtory o/'Eng/onrf, a work in which he 
the two daughters and coheiresses of engaged forbooksellers, and finished, though 

Humphry deBohun, Earl of Hereford, 
Essex, and Northampton. We cannot, 
however, account for their being found 
at Barnstaple, or for the omission of 
the label over the Royal Arms, as 
borne by him, and we believe still to be 
seen on his plate in St. George's Chapel. 
The crescent seems to have been used 
instead, as a difference ; but it is un- 
usual to find the Duke's*arms with 
that distinction. 

The second coat is Bohun Earl of 
Hereford ; and the fourth, Bohun Earl 
of Northampton : both were united in 
the above Humphry. The third coat 
appears to be Stafford ; but we do not at 
present See how it was introduced into 
the escocheon. The Duke of Clarence 
was slain at the Battle of Bangy, 142Sel, 
without issue; and was buried at Can- 
terbury. Edit. 

Mr. U9.BAN, Camhridge, Jan. 9. 

THE Critic who attacks Sir Eger-t 
ton Brydges, in a periodical of 

four volumes 4to. in two years ; yet an 
easy task, as being pilfered from other His- 
tories. Accordingly it was little noticed 
till it came doiyn to the present times 1 
then, though compiled from the* libels of 
the age, and the most paltry materials, yet 
being heightened by personal invectives^ 
strong Jacobitism, and the worst represen- 
tation of the Duke of Cumberland's conduct 
in Scotland, the sale was prodigious. £leveii 
thousand copies of that trash were instuitly 
sold, while at the same time theUiiiver^i^ 
of Oxford ventured to print biit two.thoat 
sand of that inimitable work Lord Ciareni&m*$ 
Life! A reflection on the age, sad. -to 
mention, yet too true to be suppreasedb 
Smollett's work was again printed and agaif 
tasted," &c. 1 

- Though the greater part of the mul- 
titude follow the leader in books as in 
every thing else, it is commonly i 
leader of their own, and the press does 
but echo their cries. But whetheir 
each individual reads by his own taate,* 
or by the taste of his leader, what do^ 
this prove ? Is taste, genius, or lepra-* 
ing, to be measured by nnnibers? The 

last month, says, " As to a book being direct reverse is true: the xlistinction 
only saleable through fashion and in- paid to these qualities results from' 

trigue, we deny it altogether. The 
book which sells best, that is, which 
pleases the greatest number of readers, 
IS the fashionable book." 
' It is not easy to fix any accurate 
meaning to this loose assertion. If it 

their rarity. If the Critic had choseQ» 
to rely on a derivati\'e taste for the 
mass of readers, his argument would 
not have been quite so absurd : foft 
then the value ot the taste would not 
have depended on numbers, but onthft 

means, any thing, it means that it is character of the source whence it w«» 

fashionable, because it pleases the drawn. But this would put the Critio 

greatest number of readers. But this into a dilemma, for it would be an 

proves nothing :— th6 question is, why admission that Reviews might exeroia^ 

does it please the greatest number of a false influenee over the public mind! 

readers? Is it not, : because it is If the multitudecan/t^ea^acf book; 

fashionable ? And whence • comes they can dislike a good one. And how 

feshioB i Does it not result from can sl Reviewer hurt his own interest 

caprice, or intrigue, or the despotic in* by abusing what they dislike? I neves 

iluenett cf some idol of oddity, extra- yet heard of a hunntn being- who ^- 

•I8tf.] 9m^rbMimis at St. ^ohrC^ Gkutth^ W^mhi^t^. H 

lentedf a cohcnrrcrice With his oWft These repairs 1 will now ftidea^fotfr 

opfoion. If it is toeairt that readert to describie, first examining the 

jurill »ej€ct *n opinioiii because it does Exterior.. 

not aeree with theirs, I-^dmit it: btA Under the north ahd south porticos, 

4his admission will not-senre the Cniic*s new 'square-headed door-ways have 

-purpose. If it is meant tHiit they wmU been opened to thewestern towers. Their 

Teject it, if it be false, then it implies uprights have but three itiembers ii 

that lli«y are already in so advanced d the capital: in this respect diflerin^ 

state of knowledge that they do not from the uprights of the door-wiijs it 

Teqaire to be taught! E. the centre, which are capped by fouV 

%♦ We *»te received a Letter from Sir mouldings; and again differing fro A 

f^rton Brydges, dated Paris, Jan. 11, the door to the corresponding tOwer 

commentingt in indlgnaat terms, oti thie on the east side, which is destitule 

uticle aDuded to hy our Cambridge Corre- of either capitals or plinths. In the 

tpondent. Bafr we consider it would be former towers, open newel stair-ca8e.s 

•higWy imprudeBt to embark in so tempes- ^f purbeck stone have been erected, 

iuMu a coBteovewy. up to the level of the floor of the gat- 

^ lery. Here new door-ways are ala^o 

^_ -.- 7 « made, forming very complete entrances 

Mr. Urbak» Jan. i>. ^^^^ ^^^ galleries, instead of the wood- 

SINCE I last addressed you on the ^wreathed stair-cases, formerly in th'e 

subject of Westminster Improve- interior of the Church, 

nents, numerous others hsive taken The towers, previously, not beinjz 

place. appropriated to any particular purpose. 

The population of the parish of St. except as places of security for the 

John the Evanselist having mate- fire-ladders, and as containing a small 

lially increased of late years, the Church bell or two, the windows were blank, 

becaine insufficient to accommodate but have now been opened and glazed, 

the parishioners. The Select Vestry agreeably to the original design, the 

«f the parish, anticipating that they metal sashes having been preserved 

shoutd be nnder the necessity of erect- under the plaster, 

ing a New Church, or of re-modelling Under each of the porticos hav<B 

ind repairing the presient magnificent been erected a projecting lobh^, with 

one* (the most expensive built in three pairs of lolding-doors, so placed, 

the reign of Queen Anne) ; and con- as to prevent the current of iVina (from 

tidering the expence that would attend whatever direction) from eOtering the 

the erection of a New Church and body of the Church, and annoying the 

establishment, and their inadequate congregation. This judicious precau- 

means of sustaining the same, re- tion is seldom attended to in places of 

solved to adopt the latter course, public worship. These outer lobbies 

Plans and specificaflions were accor- are met by similar ones in the interior, 

dJDgly made by W. Inwood, Esq. and which have two pair of folding-doors, 

potto competition, about the begin- covered with crimson baize, and taste- 

ninsof June, 1825, when Mr. James fully pannelled with brass mouldings. 

Finn, builder to his Majesty, was From the celling is suspended a iieal 

chosen to perform the necessary altera- lamp, lighting both the outer and inner 

tions. ^ loboies. 

The principal objects were to in- In order to give additional light to 

erease the accommodation for the poor, the body of the Church, part of the 

give extra-light to the body ot the four corner windows on the lower tier 

Church, properly to warm the same in (semi-circular on plane) have been 

the winter, and to admit a change of opened and glazed with ground glass. 

air in the summer seasons. Previous The upper tier of semicircular vvindows 

to these alterations, the Church would has been re-glazed, the disagreeable 

not contain more than 1200 per- casements removed, arid small iron 

tons, including about 50 free sittings; hoppers, with horiizontal flaps, suB- 

bot at present accommodation is af- stituted, to admit a proper change of 

ferded for about 1800, including about ^ir. 

MX>free sittings. At the east end the parallelogfam 
'■ — ^ windows, collateral witn the semi- 

• An elevation of this Church may be circular-headed window, have been 

Kcaiavol. xTii. p. S51. hlocked up with stone, and two addi- 

Imfitimmmti' in St. jDlm'$. Chitrehi: WtUmMter- 


tional ' leiiiicircular-headed windows 
have been introduced on the north and 
Koulh sitles of the chancel, and glazed 
with ground and stained glass. The 
xnassy key-stones, with their accom- 
panying skus, and the pendent gutts 
at the base, features which characterize 
tlie other windows in the upper tier, 
are, however, omitted ; thus ^ving a 
liehter appearance to the architecture 
of this end of the Church. 

The alterations, additions, and im- 
provements in the 


are so conspicuous^ that many parish- 
ioners can scarcely recognize their ori- 
ginal place of worship. Th6 pews, which 
were formerly of different lengths and 
widths, have been entirely taken down ; 
several hundred loads of rubbish, 
caused by the 6re which destroyed the 
interior of the Church about 80 years 
ago, removed from under the same, to 
admit a free circulation of air^ and 
four double rows of air-flues built, to 
heat and ventilate the Church. New 
floor and joists were put all over the 
ground plan, and the pews refixed, 
leaving a spacious nave, and the 
western portion of the aisles for free 
sittings. All the projecting seats and 
bases to pilasters are cleared ilway, to 
widen the aisles. 

The walls are coloured with light 
^ tea-ereen; the pilasters still liehter, 
while the capitals and entablature 
are stone-colour, with the excep- 
tion of the frieze, which is cut 
off from the architrave, by being 
coloured with a light green also. The 
ground of pannels of the beautiful 
ceiling are coloured sky-blue; as is 
also the coffers of the roses, between 
the modillions of the cornice; but 
the ribs which divide the ceiling 
into pannels, and the larce flowering 
boss in the centre panneT, are stone- 
' colour. From this boss (which is 
superior to almost any other of the 
kind, being about eighteen feet in 
diameter, and pendent from the ceiling 
about five feet in the centre) was for- 
merly suspended a brass chandelier. 

There is now no entrance to the 
galleries from the interior of the 
Church ; the places where they stood 
being converted, the one on the north- 
west comer to the christening-pew, 
and the other on the opposite angle 
into free sittings.' The font, removed 
fxom a pew (the site of which is now 

occupied by that, for the Chorchr 
wardens) on/ the udcth-west corner 
of the nave, is- railed ia froiii tbr 

The furnaces, to. warm the Chorcb^ 
are erected in the crypt, according to 
Mr. Silvester's plan, and communi- 
cated by hot air-chambers to tbefluei 
before-mentioned, passing through neat 
iron ornamented gratings in the skirtr 
ing round Uie pewing, and. thereby 
distributing the neat reeularly all over 
the Churcn. The two large cast-iron 
gratings, placed in the floor at the 
west end, convey the air to the fur' 
naces,. which, when heated, is re- 
turned again through the flues into the 

The moveable free seats in the Nave 
are very commodious^ each of which 
will contain about five persons. The 
present arrangement of^ the pews, as 
far as the reading-desk, is the same as 
before, but from tne reading-desk to the 
east end tl)ey are so arranged, that the 
congregation sit facing the nave. The 
pulpit and reading-desK, &c. have been 
cleaned and removed about four feet 
nearer the altar: the heavy sounding- 
board, which was supported by a 
Corinthian column, nas been re- 
moved, and the door of the pulpit 
altered so as to open strait with the 
staircase, the balusters of which have 
been bronzed. 

The Vestry-room is situated at the 
west-end of the Church. In it has 
been erected a large closet, with iron 
doors; and the prison-looking windows 
have been substituted by new ones 
with hopper heads, corresponding with 
those in tne other parts ot the Church. 
An additional door-way has been also 
made to this room^ corresponding with 
the old one. 

The glass screen, together with the 
pews at the west end of the Aisles, have 
been removed, and their 4>laces sup- 
plied by about twenty free seats, which 
are distinguished from the pews in the 
nave by a range of cast-iron bronzed 
honeysuckle ornaments. These are 
continued also upon the ^acks of the 
Rector's and Churchwardens' pews, 
making a very complete finish at the 
west end; and which, had they been 
continued along the whole of the wain- 
scot, partitioning the aisles from the 
nave, would have tended greatly to im- 
prove the appearance of the Nave. 

The alterations in the Chancel, or 
' Sacrariumf are very conspicuous. jThe 

mo pAfBlklo^ia niado^ on mA «Ui^ndc4.oi!^ tbf p|rt fomqrhr f^eea* 
wUh of the pointed wqiflow^ bare, btef ]^ed by t^ eotiaaott from tpc old itaii^* 
Uockcd fnp, aod • new teoiicircalaf^ ywrt, increaiiDg; the acoommodation 
lieadcd window, with bandaome arcbtr fonsiderablj ; and tbeoiiain-loft isoiA^e 
mteiy oraamented witb roaet, intnv moreooropfict. The old clock, placed 
doced on each letnrn walL To for- in front of the organ-loft. wa% rer 
niahi room for these wiodovt* two bean- moved, ^ind a new one |Haced'ip f 
tifbl mural monomentt were removed centre pannel, tastefally tbrrooiided by 
to the galleriet. The centre window carved mouldinss. in frontof the west- 
lepreaepts Qur Saviour bearing the em nllery. To the blank windows 
Cross, sopported on hb right ^ St. oa tne easi end of the nllery walU, 
John the Erangdist, and on his left were removed the moral monuments 
by St. Ptol. It was presented to the firom each side of the chancel ; and 
parish by T.Green, tM^ of MiDbank« the compondiog blanks at the west 
row. *rhe upper compartment haiL ' end havo been broken into, to make 
been replaced bjr dark cloods» with .entrances from the towers, 
the desoendiog aove» surrounded by These altentiottft b*^>og ^n com« 
glory. The Sainta have received new |ilded, the Chmdl^ /was opened De- 
canopies and pedestal^ and in the finre- cember IS, with a sermon preached by 
ground have oeen aoded a nago, of the Very Reverend the Dean of West- 
steoa in brown |;lass« The beantifol minster, in topport of the fund for 
aretiitrave of this window ia oopied re-buikling the Westminster Hospital, 
from one in the Temple of Jupiter A som, amounting to about forty-five 
Suior, at Rome. Ita 6eea are pounds, was cottected after the sermon, 
▼ariovnly and .chastely ornamented | .— - 

the first, with mdletij the aecond| The icnovatioii of our Collegiate 
with rich honeysncUe ornaments I and .Ch'oreli proceeds slowly; but the re- 
the outermost, with the egg and purs ar^ executed with such taste, as 
anchor, or lonio ornament. Around sufficiently compensates for the delay, 
the semicircular head« b • range andwhich must silence every objection. * 
of chembin, cast fibm the beau- One buttress on the west-side of the 
tifully sculptured ones on a mo- north transept, is pompletely fi^iUbed. 
Boment in the neighbourinff parish On the site of the Westminstef 
chareh of St. Margaret. The- pedi- Market, a Mews u being erec^ (or. 
ment of the alur-screen, which blocked the accommodation of Peers and Com- 
np part of Uie window, has been re- moners during the Session of Par- 
-snoved, and a more modem gjilt carved liament It is well known, that Lord 
ornament substituted. This resem- Colchester, while Speaker of the House 
bles a small pediment, open at the of Commons, greatlv improved that 
apex; the anglfs are finished by scroll- part of the City of Westminster lying 
work. The tympanum is adorned with in the immediate vicinity of the Abbey 
e rich honeysuckle moulding. The Church, by removing the handsome 
whole of tnis altar-piece, includins market and streets adjacent, &c., and 
the antae, is now painted and grained, thus forming an opening, whereby a 
to imitate black, statuary, sienna, and fine north-west vievv of this archi« 
diflferent descriptions of marble. The tectural remain was obtained. This 
I>ecalogoe and Creed are in gjM, on spot of ground subsequently served as 
-imitation black-vein-marble pannels, a nursery, for upwards of 200 trees: 
surrounded by gilt mouldings. The these have now oeen torn up by the 
modillions and roses in the cornice of roots, and thesroond excavated for the 
ibb recess are gilt, and in the centre foundation of the intended Mews, 
of the ceiling has been placed a gilt When Lord Colchester projected this 
representation. of Glory, and clouds, improvement, he could not have anti- 
.in relief. cipated such a misapplication of the 

The Oe/lmet, .which formerly con- spot ; nor, can I believe, that any man 
anted of thirty-five pews, have now of taste will approve of the obstmc- 
cighty, an addition accomplbhed bj tion of this oeautifol view of the 
.extending the same to the east waii Abbey, by stabling; but what wifl be 
(ibcy havmg p r ev i ou s ly ended opposite its architectural features, I know not. 
the pnlpit), and making four rows of Prospectuses have been issued for 
pews, instead of two and three. The the erection of a handsome casUiron 
lor the charity chiUhenhtte been Bsidge, of seven arches, over the 

Imftrovemenlt in Lieerpool. 


Thames, from llie Honefcny, Wm- 
minsicr. lo Chorch-atreet, Lupbelh. 
In ihete proiptciusei, ihc projcclon 
advance numerous plamible miora 
for its erection; but upon referenced 
iheir plan, ihc distance saved is found 
to be too uiRIng to corapenwle for the 


addilional expence; the greatest dii- 
tanee beliij; five furlongs, and that 
taken m a line of road aelilom Of erei 
used. I hope, howevcl, that the bridge 
will be erected, as it must tend pealij 
to improietheioulh pan of the Ciljof 
Weilm-n-lef. «■ 

tiiely destroying cveiy vestige of olhei 
dayi- Public eoiticci, balls, and 

Mf. Ui 

THE iniprovemenls carry 
this town, under the 
I pi riled Corporal 

humble donieiiic habitationi, 
and whole streets ace tram formed as 
if by magic. The absentee of a few 
years looks in vain for the place of hti 
lonner residence ; for instance, about 
l.S years ago I wai accosted by a Ka- 
man who innuired for Frog-lane, to 
which I replied, there was no such 
place in town, as I was ignorant then 
that the street we stood in formerly 
bote that name, owing to the change 
it hod nndergone. He himself could 
not tecoBnize it; for when he last be- 
held it. It was literally a laoe, with 
hcJgei on each kidc, and stepping' 
(tone) lo render it passable aeroM the 
quagoiire, which it ihen literally waa. 
Thei-G were three bridges (as appears 
by an antienl MS. in mv possession), 
one of which had been broken down 
in the year 16691 at which period a 
law-auit was peniling between the 
Tatlucke, plainiifl', a* 
for Caryl Lord Holyneux, at 

B law-auit V 
^m paitiet : Ji 
■ mutee for 

that lime Lord of ihe manor of Liver- 
pool, Edw.ird Marsh ami Jauies VVbit- 
tield, defcndnnls. 

This lane is now one of the princi- 
pal thoroughfares in the heart of the 
town ; where the hedgerows reared 
their heads, interspersed wiih a few 
cottages, shops of every description «c- 

The ancient halls, &c. of the nobi- 
lity and gentry, who resided here in 
the sixteenth century, ate levelled 
with the dust. The Tower, which 
stood at ihe N. VV. angle of the ton 
was occupied by the noble family of 
Stanley. The Castle at ihc S. W. an- 
gle, hy Lhat of MoljneuK Earls of Set ■ ; 
ton. Moore Hall, to the North ef the ' 
Tower, was the residence of the family ^ 
of Moore, which gave name to the 1 
present Old Hall Street. At the East- j 
ern exlremily of the town stood CrOM j 
Hall, the seat of the Crosses, o" " 
Cross Hall Street. A short disU< 
North of Ihe Castle, on the siic of the 1 
present King's Arms, Castle Street, | 
was New Hall, belonging lo the May> ^ 
hulls of Maybull. The last remaining 
specimen of ihe post and petrel slyle of I 
building in town was laken down last { 

ytw; it wat occopieil at the above mm Hercules, Sesostris/ and Semiramis* 

bj the Tarleloa family, and was called whose exploits afe not only doubtful^ 

the Chufch-style House, being situated but whose names are suspected to be 

at the N.E. corner of the church-yard merely mythological titles. It appears* 

of St. Nicholas. At the time of the that Hinaostan was at an early period 

demolition of this edifice, the lastspe- divided into three great monarchies* 

cimen of the Elizabethan style of situate on the Indus, on the Ganges, and 

stone, with low muUioned windows, in the Peninsula, of which the second 

&c. (see the Vignette, in p. 28) was may be considered paramountf. Theit 

also destroyed. history, however, presents no connec* 

A more detailed account of these tion with their western neighbours* 

ancient edifices, and of the* families till the dissolution of the first Assyrian 

who occupied them, may probably empire, an event attended with im- 

hereafier find a place in your work. portent cosequences to central Asia, 

Yours, &c. W. J. Roberts, and discernible in the fortunes of every 

♦' i nation from Palestine to Bengal. 

Remarks on the Introductory Disserta^ The monarch, whom later accounts 

lion prefixed to Dow*s History of term Sardanapalus, is called Zohak in 

Hindostan*. the traditions of the East. His cruel- 

IN examining the progress of society, ties haying exasperated the people, a 

it will be found, that as mild and revolution was effected by Fereedoon* 

fertile districts are ^^re favourable to who took the tyrant prisoner, and as- 

ciTiliaation, and unproductive ones to cended the vacant throne. A pretext 

enterprize ; so the original settlers ^f anticipating hostilities on the In- 

in India made rapid advances in the dian frontier, was iifforded by a fugi- 

one, while they lost every inducement ^▼e, nephew to the reigning Maha«- 

to the other. The political history of rajah, or great printe, for wnom he 

that country affords, in consec)uence, a embarked in a tedious war. At its 

long series of successful invasions, op- conclusion, he compelled the monarch 

posed by the rulers alone, without that ^o cede a ))ortion of his dominions to 

co-operation on the part of the people, ^"s nephew, and acknowledge himself 

which an eminent orator terms * the tributary to the Persian crown. By 

cheap defence of nations.* Owing, subsequent menaces he extorted thtf 

also, to the facility with which tradi- surrender of the provinces situate on 

tions are preserved and multiplied the Indus, a territory which varied ita 

among a stationary population, the In- boundaries with the fortunes of ita re- 

dian chronolo)ry remounts to an extra- spective masters, and which appears to 

vagant antiqufty ; nor is the determin- ^^ave extended at one time to Sirhind, 

iog of its coincidences with European or «* the borders of Hisyd,'' in the mo- 

rccords a satisfactory task, as the sue- dern division of Delhi, 

cession of monarchs is ofien inter- The recovery of the liberty of the 

nipted by a new dynasty, or a reign of Medes under Arbaces,corresi)onds with 

exaggerated length. ** The only light the Caianian dynasty of Persia. Under 

(observes Dow) to conduct us through Cobad, the sixth or this line, and the 

the obscure paths of their antiquities, Deioces of Herodotus, Rustem, the 

we derive from an historical poem, Hercules of Iran, having triumphed 

founded on real facts, translated into o^^r the Asiatic Tartars, invested Ben- 

the Persian language in the reign of ga^ which had eluded its subserviency 

Mahommed Akban, who died in the during an invasion from the North* 

I(50^ih year of the Christian aera.". Having subdued the whole empire^ he 

From the Persian Homer, Firdusi, the ^^'sed to the throne a new family, who 

identity of persons may often be in- removed the capital, from motives of 

ferred, and thus we shall be enabled vanity or policy, fromOude toCanoge< 

slighily to connect the revolutions of Amon§ the natives, those princes are 

lodiawith the transactionsof the West, denommated Surajas, or Children of 

In the aera of fable, and the earliest ^^e Moon. 

prriod of history, we find four real or After a succession of several princes, 

pTcicnded invaders of India ; Bacchus, ^^ different families, the diadem was 

* The History of Hindustan, translated f Maurice, Hist, of Hindoataa, voL iii* 

frtvti tlie Persian, bj Alexander Dow, Esq. The first chiefly appears in the following 

lo Ti irols. 8vo. 1792. discussion. 

Bemarks on the HutdrpbfiHiwio9$ati 

usarped by Keidar, a Brahmin, who 

EM the customary tribute to Persia^ 
ut was dispossessed by Shangal*, a 
native of Canoge. His Persian co- 
temporary was Coos (the Cyaxares of 
Herodotus f), whose dominions had 
been recently overrun by AfrasiabJ, 
the Scythian. This circumstance seems 
to have, encouraged a revolt on the 
part of Shangal, who withheld the tri- 
DUte, rejected the Ambassador, and 
repulsed the army of Afrasiao, on the 
confines of Bengal. The Tartar was 
then on the borders of China, but 
took the command in person, defeated 
Shangal, and compelled him to take 
refuge among the mountains of Turat; 
whence, after beholding the ravages 
of his territory, " he came, in the cha- 
racter of a suppliant, to the Persian 
camp, with a sword and^a cofiin 
carried before him, to signify that his 
life was in the disposal of the kin^," 
who carried him away prisoner, leaving 
his son Rohata upon the throne. This 
prince avoided disputes with Persia, 
oy punctually remitting the tribute, 
which, wi^h the support afforded to 
his father, consumed a third of tlie re- 
venue. His son dying without issue, 
the race became extinct; ,and during 
that period we hear of no transactions 
with* Persia, but the support afforded 
by a Shangal to the lartars against 
Ciosru, or Cyrus, who is vaguely said 
by Xenophon to have made the Indus 
his eastern boundary §. 

The sceptre was then assumed by a 
chief of the Raja-poot tribe, under the 
title of Maha-rajah. *' The first act 
of his reign was the reduction of .Guze- 
rat, where some disturbances had hap- 

Sned in the time of his predecessor, 
e built a port in that country, where 
he constructed vessels, and carried on 
commerce with all the states of Asia. 
This spirit of enterprize appears to 
have excited the emulation of his con- 
temporary, Darius Hystaspes, who 
sent a fleet down the Indus, under the 
command of Scylax, a Greek of Cary- 
andra, professedly for purposes of dis- 
covery; but, according to Herodotus, 
he extended his dominions by con- 

• Or King ofSangaia, Wilford, As. Res. 
▼. 888. 

' t This arrmogement will hardly agree 
with the invasion in Herodotus, but we pre- 
fer the opinion of Sir John Malcolm, who 
omits Phraortes and Astyages. 

X A general name for the Asiatic Tartar. 

§ Cyrop. Tiii. 


quest*. An 'assdnineDt of the enit- 
pi re, made In his reign, rates the In- 
dian provinces at sijt hundred talente 
of gold f. 

His son, Isfendian, the Xerxes of 
Europeans, is said in general terms to 
have conquered India J. Indian troops 
accompanied him in his western ex- 

E edition, who are particularized as 
aving dresses of cotton, and bows of 
bamboo. Its disastroos results may be 
traced in the revolutions of the border. 
Kedaraja, nephew by a sister 'to the 
former monarch, reduced the pro- 
vinces on the Indus, apparently desti- 
tute of garrisons, of which he was in 
turn deprived by the mountaineers of 
Candahar. The throne was usurped 
by lei-chnnd, his general, who paid 
tribute to Bemin and Darab§, the co- 
temporary kings of t'ersia. 

The son of lei-chund was dispos- 
sessed by Delu, his uncle, who founded 
the city of Delhi. He was dethroned 
by Puar or Porus, whose son, of the 
same naihe, was defeated at Sirhind 
by Alexander the Great ; and the Ra- 
jahs of the Deccan submitted to the 

Cotemporary with Puar, was Nauda, 
king of Magadhar, or the Gansetic 
provinces, who being murdered by a 
minister, his eight sons shared t^e 
power among themselves, to the ex- 
clusion of Chandia-gupu, their half- 
brother. Spurning a pension, he 
quitted the court for AIexander*s camp; 
but, having offended that monarch by 
his freedom, he fled from his presence, 
and returned home, where be seated 
himself on the throne by the rourder 
of his brothers. He drove the Greeks 
beyond the Indus, and fixed the seat 
of his empire at Palibothra, a central 
situation, which appears to have com- 
manded the whole territory between 
the two rivers. Seleucus, to whom 
India was assessed by the partition of 

* Maraja, says Dow, is said to have been 
cotemporary with Gustasp, the fiitbei'of 

^ - f Major Rennell, however, proposei^o 
read 360. Herod, iii. 94. 

X Malcolm's Hist, of Persia, c. iv. 

§ D^rab b probably Darius Nothos, and 
Bemin, Artaxerxes I. That the Persian as- 
cendancy was regained, appears from the 
expression used by the author of Esther, 

who says that Ahasuerus reigned from 1*in 
to Ethiopia : by this word is apparently de- 
nominated Sirhind, which country was €of- 
merly called Hud, Wilford. As. Ret. ix. 

ISW.] iRem#fo <m the Hiiiory of Hindostan. - 15 

Alexander's dominioos, invaded it, B.C. 

bat, being pressed hj Antigonus, con- Commercial enterprizes of Ma- 

cluded a peace, which was cementcxl ^^i^» cir. -----.. 509 

by a mauiroonial alliance. Chaudra- '"">? recovered from Xerxes, cir. 478 

gupta is said to have maintained a Again reduced ----- 464 

body of Greeks (lavanas) in his ser- Accession of Darab or Darius 

vice, and to have reigned 24 years*. Nothus> to the throne of Persia 423 

His son and successor b called Vari- Accession of Puar I. cir. - - 383 

sava by the Indians, and Alliirochates P"aJ* !!• (Porus) defeated by Alex- 

by the Greeks. An embassy from ander the Great - - - - 327 

Svria h the only important event in Accession of Chaudra-gupta, or 

his reign. Sandracottus 3l6 

His son, ShivacapS^na, is probably Invasion of Seleucus - - - 302 

the Sophagesimus, with whom An- ^Death of Chaudra-gupta, and ac- 

tiochiis the Great concluded a treaiy. cession of Varisara - - - - 292 

His pacific character is implied in his Revolt of Bactria from the Seleu- 

name, which denotes *' he whose armies ^^*J® -------- 250 

are merciful, do not ravage or plunder Alliance of Antiochus the Great 

ike country f;*' and he was early de- and Shivaca-S^na - - - - 204 

throned by lona, who claimed descent Dethronement of Callian-chund, 

frocD Ac family of Puar, and whose cir. --- 130 

Wnefiocnt rei^ in some measure jus- Of the few remaining events which 
liSed his forcible accession. It was, connecjt India with the West, there is 
however, disturbed by the Bactrian no occasion to take any notice: they 
Gndkif who carried their victorious ^^7® been collected by Cuvier, in his 
arms farther than Alexander. Of History of the Roman Emperors, and 
these, Demetrius, son of Euthydemus, consist only of a few embassies. We» 
Mablished himself on the throne ; but here close our humble ten'tamen, in 
his cruelties rendered him odious, and ^^e hope that it will soon be super- 
after being dethroned by some insurgent seded. To use the words of an emi- 
Rajahs, ne disappears from history, nent Celtic antiquary, " we can see 
Among the Indians, he is known by but indifferently here, and therefore 
the name of Gallian-chund X. (uay have erred t may others prove 

The dates which Dow has inter- more fortunate* !" 

sperKd with his dissertation, are not a 

such as to detain an inquisitive reader. «>r tt r 

One specimen may sulfice : ignorant ^^- ^'^bah, Jan, 12. 

Of careless of the great Assyrian revo- I COULD hardly have expected to 

luiiouj he places Fereedoon nearly two M. find the communication of the Ge- 

thousand years before the Christian nea-LOGIst in your October Number, 

sera. The following sketch is probably claimed by a person upon whose deli- 

eqaally open to censure j but, if it berate declaration, that *' it is quite 

shoulo chance to guide any student to impossible any Review can be honest 

the truth, we shall receive conviction which is anonymous f,** the printer's 

cheerfully. ink is scarcely dry. My present busi^ 

„ ' - . . , . -B c. ness, however, is not to expose Sir 

Revolt of Assyria, and accession of s. E. Brydges's inconsistencies, but to 

Fereedoon, who reduces Western defend myself from his heavy charges. 

India - - --- - - -, 750 . He may, perhaps, consider the mere 

India recovered b;rRustem - 700 assertion that Sir John Brownlow of 

Invasi^onof Afrasiale, orthe^m- Belton was descended from William 

ttc Tartar, cir. - - - - - 630 Brownlow of Humby, and Margaret 

Lpper Asia reduced by Cyrus, or Brydges, v^rhen signed by his name,- is 

tosru -------- 542 sufficient to convince your readers, and 

• WiJford, As. Res. «. Chauara-gupta overwhelm me ; but I own 1 should 

i. the Sandracottus of the Greeks, fhe have been more satishcd if he had 

ittuMtxon of Pallbothia is Contested; Sir W. ^^\^^ /"« particulars of that descent, 

Jones, Rennell, and Gillies, place it at a"^ referred to some proofs in support 

P*uia; Robertson, at Alhallabad ; Wilford, of it. My defence is, that ihe plain 

St Raja-inahall. ■ 

t Wilford, As. Res. v. t86. * Cambrian Biography, art. Arthur, 

I Maurice, Indian Antiquities, i. 89. f Brydges's Note-book, p. 1«. 

GMrtT.MAG. January f 1926, 



Pedigree of the Broumlow Family* 


and simple tale which is to put me 
down, the tale which Sir S. E. Bryd^s 
never yet met any one conversant with 
the descents of our nobility, nut fami- 
liar with, — that tale which is to put 
my confidence to shame, and triumph 
over my defiance, wants one very es- 
sential quality — truth. I was per- 
fectly well aware that William Brown- 

the ancestor of Sir JohD Brownlow, 
father of the Ladies Ancaster, Exeter, 
and Gruilford ; and that the present re- 

f>resentative of that William Brown- 
ow and of Margaret Brydees also (if 
her issue by her 2d husband Sir Thos. 
Skipwith be, as I believe it is* extinct) 
is Miss Doughty*. The genuine Pe- 
digree of the Brownlow family is sub- 

low (not of Humby but) of Snaresford joined, and not having the vanity to 

in Lincolnshire, married Margaret the think that any name I might siga 

daughter and coheir of George, sixth would of itself support my assertions. 

Lord Chandos -, but I also knew that I shall take care to give dates and 

William to have been the uncle, not proofii at every step. 

Richard Brownlowjt Chief Pro- Qrtj Brydgety Lor^pAnne, eldest daughter lad 

thonotary of the Common Chandos, died 10th | co-heiress of Ferdinando 

Pleas. V. L.^ 

Aug. 1631. 


Sir John Brownlow of 
Belton; CO. Line. Bart, 
created 26 July, 1641, 
died 24 Nov. 1679, 
aged 89 ; buried at 
&Iton, s. p. L. N. 
M.I. Will proved 28 
June 1680. 

Sir William BrownlowcpEliz. 
ofHumby,co.Lincoln; | dau. Sc 


Earl of Derby. 

created a Baronet 27 
July, 1641 ; 70 years 
old 1666. V.L. Died 
1667 or 8. Will prov- 
ed 16 June, 1668. 

coh. of 

George BfydM>i 
Lord Chandos, 
one year and one 
day old at his &- 
Sher*8 death; ma. 
atTotteridge, co. 
HerU, 14 Deei 


goe £8tt 

Sir Richacd=p£liza- Eliza- e^WilltamBrownlow,2d 80nsp^aigarot,d,&oohs=SirThos. 

of Huraby> 
Bart, son 
and heir. 
V.L Died 
^ July, 
1668, aged 
40. M. I. 
Bom 1628. 

both, d. 

of John 





of her 


of Sir 

1666. V.L LN. was of of Geo. Brydgea 

Snaiesford,co. Line. : aj 
pointed executor to 
will of bis uncle Sir Joha^ 
but died before him intes-. 
tate ; and administration 
was granted Apr. 1 67 5, to 
« the hon'ble Lady Mar- 
garetBrownlow, his wid.*' 

Lord Chandos. 8d 
wife; mar^et.with 
1674, & recited in 
a de^ to which she 
& bier Ad husband 
Sir Thomas Skip- 
with, 1690. L.N. 


Bt. Died 


SirJohn Brownlow of^Alice, dau. Sir William Elizabeth, only SirGeoige Jjoejt&d 

Belton and Humby, 
•Bt. son and heir, born 
about 1660, died at 
Bath, 16 July, 1697, 
aged S8 ; buried at 
Belton. M.I. Will 
proved 2 Sept. 1797. 


Jane Duchess 

of Ancaster. 


of Richard Brownlow, child and heiress Brydges 

Sherardof Bart, sue- of William B. Skipwith, 

Lope" ceeded his by Margaret Bart, on^ 

thorpe,co. brother. Brydges, mar. son, died 

Lsic. Esq. Died 1698. Philip Doughty 17&6, s.p. 

M. I. ^ of Westminster, 

I Esq. y|s 





Alice Lady ElizabethCoun- SirJohnBrown]ow,cTeated Anne, mar. Sir 

Guildford, tess of Exeter. ViscTyrconnel; dieds.p. RiehsidOvt. 

The above Pedigree has been com- Brownlow and Skipwith pedigreci, in 

piled from the original Visitation of such a way as to leave no reasonable 

Lincolnshire, in i66(j; from the pe- doubt of his having himself seen it; 

digrees of Brownlow, Skipwith, and 
Sherard, in a MS collection of pedi- 

Cies of Baronets collected by Peter 
Neve, Norroy King of Arms, who 
refers to the deed of 169O between 
Mar^ret Brydges and her 2d husband 
Sir Thomas Skipwith, in both the 

and who says in the Skipwith pedi- 
gree, " this account I had from okl Sir 
Thomas S. himself ;'*^ — from M6no- 
mental Inscriptions of the Brownlows 
in Belton Church, printed in Tamor's 
History of Grantham^ and from the 
severafwiils referred to in it. 

^ William Brownlow had by Margaret Brydges an only daughter and heir, Kliiihstlri 
who married Pliilip Doughty, of Weitmioiter, esq. and whose great grand-daogliler end 
heir the present Miss Doughty is. 


Difmce of Debretfs Pierngem 


The Visitation^ Le Neve's Pedi- low, who^ according to Sir S. £. 

greet, and the Monumental Inscrip- Brydge8*s account, must have heen his 

(iooa are cited in proof of the several grandson, was born in 1628, viz. when 

&cts they establish, by the capital let- his maternal grandfather was just 8 

ters V. L. (Visitation of Lincoln), 
L N. (Le Neve), and M. I. (Mou. 

Further, Mr. Urban, I assert, and 
with eodie confidence of being able 
latisfiictorily to prore, that Sir S. E. 
Biydges' statement of the BrownloW 
descent is not onl]f erroneous but tm- 
possibies and that if he had not been 
quite as careless as he charges me 
vith bein^, he ought to have known 
its impoesibility. My proof will be 
taken from no recondite MSS. but 
two printed books only. One of them 
edited by Sir S. £. Brydges him- 

years old, and 9 years before his said 
maternal grandfather was married. Sir 
S. E* Brydges may perhaps say he had 
forgotten or did not advert to these 
dates ; but I venture to tell him that a 
Gbnealogist must assiduously ascer« 
tain and compare dates, unless he 
wishes his name in reality to be an in- 
dex of incapacity and ignorance. 

When I first read the Gbkbalo- 
gist's attack in your October Maga- 
zine, I suspected the error he had 
Mien into ; and had his manner been 
somewhat less assuming, would at 
once have set him right. 1 was not 

self; the other a work completely a little astonished to find the blunder 

within his reach, and which it is owned by one who has the reputation 

hardhr intBible to conceive so cele- of having studied so minutely the his- 

brated an Antiquary and Top<^raphef tory of the house of Chandos ; and 

can have avoided reading, particularly yet on reflection, why should it have 

if he felt any interest respecting the surprised me? it is not the first nor 

Bcown\ow family,— -Tuhior*s Hrstory 
of Grantham, wnich includes an ac- 
count o£ the parish of Belton, where 
that £unily. was seated, and a pedigree 
of the family itself. 

In Sir S. £. fii)rdges*s edition of Col- 
lins's Peerage, it is stated that George 
Lord Chandos was one year and one 
day old on the 10th of August, 16^1 
(vol. VI. pp. 724, 725), and that he 
married Susanna, daughter of Henry 
Montagu, Earl of Manchester, 14th 
Dec. 1637 (vol. II. p. 67). 

From Monumental Inscriptions, 
publisbed in Tumor's Grantham, I 
learn that Sir John Brownlow (father 
of the Duchess of Ancaster, &c.) died 
16 July, 1697, in the 38th year of his 
age, and that consequently he was bom 
in 1659 or 1660 ; and that Sir John's 
father. Sir Richard Brownlow, died 
3d July, 1668, aged 40 years, and was 
consequently born in 1028. Sir S. £. 
Brydges having avoided all particulars 
of the descent of Brownlow between 
William and Sir John, and merely 
said, " from whom descended," it is 
rather difficult to grapple with his ge- 
neral assertion; but I will take his 
words in the narrowest sense in which 

the greatest mistake he has made in 
the genealogy of the noble family 
whose namesake he is. In this in- 
stance, however, I fear he is not only 
in error himself, but the original cause 
of error in others ; at least the earliest 
trace I have yet been able to discover 
of the simple tale, is a note in his own 
edition of Collins (vol. VI. p. 726), 
which is not to be found in any of the 
earlier copies of that work *. 

I have now done with the matter of 
Sir S. E. Brydges's Letter, but have 
still a few words to say upon the style 
of it.. I cannot help thinking that 
his mysterious allusions to a private 
knowledge of my name and vocation ; 
and his laboured disclaimer of a per- 
sonality, which but for that very dis- 

* Since writing the above I have been 
directed to Lodge's Pterage of Ireland, edi- 
tion 1754, which contains a statement of 
the descent of Sir John Brownlow from 
Margaret Brydges. But it d«es not make 
the case any better for Sir S. £. Brydges, 
inasinnch as it sets forth at lengtb ths very 
monumental inscription to the mem(Hry <x 
Sir Richard Brownlow, which, compared 
with the ascertained dates in the Chando^ 

.. 1 »_ „ 1 . .1 ^^ c:- Pedigree, renders the account impossible. 

*^can be construed. VIZ. that Sir And I .i inclined to doubt whetheVSir S. 
John was grandson, and Sir Hicnard 
»n of William Brownlow and Mar- 
^ret Brydges. Now it is shewn 

abov^ that Lord Chandos, Margaret's 
ilther^ was born in 1620, and married 
in l()37, and that Sir Richard Brown- 

£. Brydges can hare derived his error from 
this source, inasmuch as Sir S. £. Brydges 
calls Margaret Brydges's husbaHd William 
Brownlow, esq. ; and Lodge states expressly, 
though fsJsely, that she was wife of Sir 
William Brownlow, bart. , 


Dacent of Sir E^Bry'dgei from 

Mary Tudor. [J«n. 

daimer no one would ever have sus- 
pected, is all in very bad taste. The er- 
rors of every published work are indis* 
Sutably open to public criticism, and 
ad mine (and I am aware they are, 
and from tho very nature of the work 
must ineviubljr oe, numerous) been 
pointed out with truth, chari^, and 
temper, my only feeling woula have 
been thankfulness: but when pub- 
licly accused, of partiality, ignorance, 
and carelessness, I repelled the charge, 
though it came but from an anony- 
mous Gbnbaloqist; and now that 
I know my accuser, even under the 
imposing signature of '* Sir S. £. 
Bryogbi," I do not retract a word ; 
but again advise him to be more sure 
of his own assertions before he censures 
others. His future criticisms I neither 
solicit nor deprecate; if they are like 
his past, I shall have little to fear irom 

Thb Editor op Dbbrbtt's 


P. S. Your other Correspondents, 
the Rajah, and L. N. S. are of course 
answered in the above Letter ; but to 
them I have to present mv thanks for 
ofiering me what no douot thev con- 
siderea correct information. To the 
Rajah I have to add, that I am not 
aware of anv descendants from the 7th 
Lord Chandos. Sir S. E. Brydges says 
in his Edition of Collinses Peerage, 
that his third daughter Rebecca mar- 
ri^ Thomas Pride, and had a daughter 
Elizabeth married to Thomas Sher- 
win. In this^ instance I believe his 
statement (which is taken from Sand- 
ford's Genealogical History of the 
Kings of England) may be relied on. 
Whether Sherwinhad any issue I have 
never ascertained. 

Mr. Urban, Paris, Jan, I9. 

IN my communication to you, which 
forms the first article of your Ma- 
gazine for December, regarding the 
heirs of the Princess Mary Tudor, 
speaking of Georce 3d Earl of Guild- 
ford as pareni of tne present Marchio- 
ness of Bute, the word ** mother'* is 
by a slip of the pen used for father — 
an crrcfr which will give great delight 
to word- catchers. 

I take the opportunity, while others 
drc 80 minute in pointing out the de- 
scendants of this royal blood from the 
latc»t branch of English Sovereigns 
wliusc posterity have fallen among 

subjects, not to omit my own direct 

The Honourable Thomas Egertoa 
of Tatton Park, in Cheshire, was 3d 
son of John, 2d Earl of Bridgwater, 
descendant and coheir of Lady Eleanor 
Brandon, daughter and coheiress of the 
Princess Mary Tudor. The baptism 
of this Thomas is recorded in Mal- 
colm's ^' Londinium Redivivam.*' 
AAer I had printed the article Bridg- 
toatevy in vol. iii. of Collinses Peerage, 
1812, I discovered in a memorandom- 
book of his widow the date of- his 
death, viz. October 29th, l685. Mr. 
Clutterbuck has since noticed that he 
was buried in the family vaiilt at Lit- 
tle Gadsden, co. Herts. His widow, 
Hesther, daughter of Sir John Busby, 
died in Stratton-street, Piccadilly, Oc- 
tober 7> 1724. 

His yonneer son, William Egerton, 
LL.D. was Prebendary of Canterbury, 
and Rector of Penshurst in Kent, bom 
Julv 6, 1 682, died Feb. 1738, set. 56, 
ana was buried at Penshurst. See his 
epitaph in T^orpe'xRegistnim Roflfense. 
His widow, Anne, daushter of Sir 
Francis Head, Bart was nuried there 
in 1778. 

Jemima Egerton, his daughter and 
coheiress, was bom at Penshurst in 
Sept. 1728, -and married in March 
1747, Edward Brydges, £s<i. of Woot- 
ton, in Kent. She died his widow in 
Dec. I8O9, ®^ 8S# at her house in the 
Precincts, Canterbury, leaving Sir 
Egerton Brydges, Bart, her surviving 
son and heir, then aged 47, and John- 
William-Head Brvdges, a younger sod, 
now M. P. for Coleraine. 

Yours, &c. 

S. E. Brtdobs. 

ViBW OP Cuvibr*s Histoeical 

AMONG the difierent ways in 
which humanity prestimes to 
measure the truth of Gamipotence, 
the assertions of modem geologists are 
not the least astonishing. OT these, 
Mr. Brydone*s hypothesis, framed on 
the investigations of the Canon Re- 
cupero, maintains the highest preten- 
sions, hut has been satisfactorily re- 
futed, by arguments deduced from 
iiself, by Mr. Gisborae, in his Survey 
of Christianity, and Testimony of Na- 
tural Theology. 

As, however, the antiquity to which 
Miany nations lay claim, ir totally at 


VUw ofCw9UT*t Miitorical Argument. 


variance with the receiTed chionolcM^, 
new fields have been opened for dis- 
cussioo. M. Cuvier (whose name 
u known throughout the literary 
world) has accordingly, in a sepa- 
rate chapter of his geological work^ 
examined these claims, and shewn, 
that to no country whatever can a date 
be allowed teaching beyond the De- 
luge*. His arguments are so inge« 
nioos, and at the same time so novel, 
diat we cannot present our readers 
with better principles for historical in- 
Tcstigation, than a short summary of 
this remarkable Chapterf. 

I. ** The chronology of none of the 
Western nations can be traced in & conti- 
noous line fitfther back than three thousand 
yours. . . . the North of Europe has no 
uthentic record till after its conversion to 
Christianity ; the History of Spain, of Gaul, 
of £nglBiid!t> commences only with the 
Romans ; thaet of Northern Italy is, at the 
present day, almost unknown." 

Greece only received the art of wri- 
. ting fifteen or sixteen centuries before 
Christ, and its history is for a long 
time after fabulous. Of Western Asia, 
we hare only a few contradictory ex« 

When the earliest historians speak 
of ancient events, wherever occurring,, 
they cite nothing but traditions; nor 
was it till a long time after, that pre- 
tended extracts were given from the 
Egyptian, PhcBnician, and Babylonish 
annals. Berosus, Jerome of Candia, 
and Manethon, flourished only in the 
third century before Christ, and San- 
coniatho was not heard of till a cen- 
tury later. On the other hand, " the 
Jews are the only people with whom 
we find annals written m prose, before 
the time of Cyrus." The Pentateuch 
has existed in that form at least since 
the schism of Jeroboam ; for it was 
received as authentic and obligatory, 
both by Judeans aiid Samaritans, 
which circumstance gives it an anti- 
quity of at least two thousand years§. 

* BIayney*8 Chronology places this event 
B,C. 2349. MM. Vanderhurch and Veimars, 
in their Histoire du Monde, B.C. 3404. 

t It may be necessary to premise, that 
our citations are fi'om the translation by 
Professor Jamieson. 

t This is not true of the Welsh historical 
record, called the TaiADS, but they cannot 
be placed, as a composition, higher than the 
uelfth century. 

h Sec this argument treated at length in 
Gi^%ei*s Lectures on the Pentateuch. 

The poeticial traditions pf the Greeks, 
far from contradicting, actually corro- 
borate the Hebrew testimonies. About 
the time of the departure of the Isra- 
elites from Egypt, other colonies issued 
from the same country, *' to carry into 
Greece a religion less pure, at least in 
its external appearance, whatevar be* 
sides might have been the secret doc- 
trines, which it reserved for the initi- 
ated ;" while others introduced writing 
and commerce from Phoenicia. Ac- , 
cording to the calculations of Arch- 
bishop Usher, Cecrops came from 
Egypt to Athens about 1 556 B. C. ; 
Deucalion'^settled on Mount-Parnassus, 
about 1548; Danaus came to Argos 
about 1495 ; Dardanus established 
himself in the Hellespont albout 1449, 
— all nearly contemporary with Moses, 
who migrated in 1491. Nor are ge- 
nealogies to be trusted, for when we 
leam. those of the Tartars and Arabs, 
and the Monkish inventions, " we^ 
readily comprehend, that the Greek > 
writers have done for the early periods 
of their nation, what has been done 
for all the others in times when cri- 
ticism had not been used to throw 
jnore light upon history." 

As mr Deucalion, his Deluge is 
evidently nothing but a tradition of 
the universal one, ascribed to his epoch 
by the Helladians, because he was the 
founder of their nation*. : Pindar 
(vol. IX.) mentions him first of Greek 
writers, as landing in. Parnassus, 
building the city of Protogenes, and 
forming a new race of men from stones. 
We leave 'to some modern Pezron to 
determine what hidden allusion is 
contained in the word Xatoj. 

II . Those who contend for the re- 
mote antiquity of nations, depend on 
the Indians, Chaldaeans, anct Egyp- 
tians, — three nations who were pro- 
bably the first civilized; each of these 
possessed an hereditary caste, to which 
the care of religion, laws, and sciences, 
was exclusively delivered, and which 
reserved to itself the inspection of the 
sacred books, or alleged revelation 
from the Divinity. Of these, the In- 
dian books alone are extant, but 
nothing historical can be learnt from 
them ; the Brahmins ** even pretend, 
that their religion prohibits them from 
recording the events of the present 

^ The French writers, mentioned in a 
former note, place Deucalion in the age of 
the captivity of the Hebrews is Egypt. 

30 yiem of Cuvier's ^torical Argument. [Jan. 

time, the age of misfoitude." And^it Han visited Egvpt: his acconut di£. 

may be added, in a nation divided into fers altogether trom those of his pre- 

castes, acts which contribute to luxury decessors. Sesostris had formerly been 

and magnificence, would be principally styled the great conqueror; his sue- 

encouraged ; " biit histoiy, which in- cesses were now attributed to Osyman- 

fonhs men of their mutual relations, dias, and when Germanicua was at 

would be regarded by them with dread." Thebes, A.D. 1 8, they had been trans^ 

In Egypt, the Prints of Sais in- ferred to Rhampses. The natural 

formed. Solon (who risited them about inference is, that the Egyptian priests 

550 years B.C.), that Athens and Saia had no history, properly spealting; 

had bee^ built by Minerva ; the for- and, that, unlike the Hindoos, they 

mer about QOOO, the latter about 8000 bad no connected fables, but such in- 

years before. A century after (about terpretations as they gave of the hiero- 

450 B.C.) the Priests of Sais gave a glvphics. A list jo( the sacred bookt 

different account to Herodotus, of ot Hermes is preserved by Clemens, 

Menes, the first King, who built and not one of^ them appean to be of 

Memphis, and embanked the Nile i an historical nature, 
and of three hundred and thirty other m, » The whofo uicleiit mythologT of 

Kings anterior to Mcens, who flou- theBrahmms is oonneoted with the Mm 

ri8hed> gOO years before this account or course ofthcGMige8,Mid it wm evidently 

was communicated, or 1350 years B.C. there that they had their first tettlementB. 

After hearinj; the legend of Sesostris, The deseriptions of die anctens ClMldnMi 

wlvose traditionary conquests extended momunents luM^e* a stroae resemblaiics to 

as far as Colchis, in Asia, ** Herodotus those of the Indians end lEgyntiMis ; but 

thought that he discovered relations of ****•« monuments an not so mJ pnMrrved, 

figure and colour between the Col- $*.^"?^ *M ^^^ ■" coastnwtod of bricb 

chians and Egyptians; but it is much dned in the sun. 

more probable (observes M. Cuvier) , IV. Neither Moses nor Homer men- 

that these dark-coloured Colchians, of ^op &> y^t a great empire ia Upper 

which he speaks, were an Indian Asia. Herodotus assigns to the supre- 

colony, attracted by the commerce macy of the Assyrians, a dunition of 

anciently established between India Pn^X ^^^ hundred and twenty years, 

and Europe, by the Osus, the Caspian originating about eight hundred belbre 

Sea, and the Phasis.^' In fact, the bis time (i. 95.) He had not learnt 

learned modern is disposed to question ^^. Babylon the name of Ninos, as 

whether Sesostris ever had existence. King of Assyria^ and only mentions 

The following observation we give, in bim as fether of Agron, the first Lydtan 

his own words:—" It is only fhwn Sovereign of the Heracleid famUy, 

Sethos, that Herodotus commences though ne makes him the son of Beloi 

that part of his history, which is some* (ibid. c. 7*). Hellanicus, his contem* 

Yirhat rational, and it is worthy of re* poraij, attributes Babylon to Chaldmis, 

mark, that this part begins with an the fourteenth in saccession from 

event, which agrees well with the ah- Ninus. Ctesias allows oonqiifiiti in 

pals of the Jews, the destruction of the the Wesjt, incompatible with Jewish 

army of the King of Assyria, Senna- history, to Ninus and Semtramis: 

cherib ; and this agreement continues while Berosus* transfers the repatitioit 

under Nccho, and under Hophra or of them to Nabuchodoooser, in the 

Apries." time of Alexander. — Great works, 

At the distance of two centuries after bearing the name of Semiramii, are 

Herodotus (about 260 B.C.) Ptolemy mentioned in the rnoce remote pro- 

Philadelphus, a Prince of foreign ex- vinces, and those of Sesostris, in Asia 

traction, was desirous of becoming Minor : as at the present day, ia Persia, 

acquainted with Egyptian history : ancient monuments bear the name 01 

ManethoQ, a priest, undertook ac- Rustem, in Egypt of Joseph, and of 

cordingly to compile one, not from Solomon in Arabia. This, observes 

archives or registers, but from the M. Cuvier, is the effect of ignorance ; 

sacred vplumes ; and, as mieht be 77" the peasants of our own coontiy 

expected, the narrative is totally irre- give the name of Caesar's camp to aU 

concileable with what had been de- the ancient Roman entrenchmeots." 
livered before. V. The Chinese have tew mcmo- 

About 60 B.C. in the reign of . 

Ptolemy Auletes, Diodorus the Sici- * Plod. Sie» Ik ii. 

18^6.] Appeal mi behalf of St, Saviours Churbh, Southwark. 31 

rials in common with their western II la retraite des eaux. Les astronomes, k la 
neighbours^ and their physiognomy at yue des zodiaques Chald^ens et Egyptient, 
fim appears to support any partial «»* pouss^ plus loin leurs conjectures. En 
hypothesis.— The most ancient of their g^n^ral, la science donne aux premieres 
books, the Chou-king, is said to have f«^» une haute antiqult^; les ancienspar- 
been compiled by Confucius, about latent ded^ugesantArieurs I celuide Pfo^; 
two thousand two hundred and fifty 
years since, from fragments of more 
ancient works. Two hundred years 
after, a general persecution of literature 
took place, unoer the Emperor Chi- 
hoangti, when the books were de- ann^ du monde.''^ 
stroyed ; but a portion was preserved, 
in which the national history com- 
mences with an £mperor named Yao, 

" whom it represents as occupied in 

remonng the waters, which, having 

risen' to- the skies, still bathed the feet 

of the highest mountains, covered the 

less derated hills, and rendered the 

plains impassable." According to some 

accounts, this monarch reigned four 

et leurs traditions choquent toutes ceileis 
des H^reux, qui s'^taient form^ de Tunivers 
une id^e coi^ornie I. leurs moeurs et i leura 
coanaissances. I^e Christi^aSsme admet les 
croyances H^ralqueiB>; et la pfemi^ Tigne 
de la Bible doit ^tre pour nous la premiere 

AJr. Urban, Jan,2(K 

AS you are usually foremost among 
the advocates for our national ar^ 
chitecture, I wish ere now you had 
given your powerful aid to the pro- 
tectors of St. Saviour's Church, who 
are struggling with a host of adver- 
saries for the restitution of that noble 
edifice, whose destruction, or what is 
thousand one hundred and fifty-eight scarcely less deplorable, whose alterar 

yeart before the present time ; accord- 
mg to others, only three thousand nine 
hundred and thirty-eight. 

We have gone throush M. Cuvier*s 
ai;fi;ument with great pleasure to our- 
uSfeSf and recommend our readers to 
MGise diligently his Entire Work. The 
mw>wing extract from the French 
Historical Summary, cited in the notes, 
will giie them a concise view of the 
e^jtravagancies which our Author has 
successfully examined : — 

tion, both as to the integrity of its ve- 
nerable architecture, and the arrange- 
ment of its interior, has been boldly 
and mischievously suggested by some 
busy members of the V'l^try. In the 
absence of a more competent advocate, 
1 step forward to support the cause of 
aatiquity against its enemies, who, un- 
der shelter of the precedent just esta- 
blished at St. Katnarine's, are eagerly 
intent oh overthrowing the system of 
good taste, on which Mr. George 

<< Tons les peuples s'accordent k donner Gwilt has proceeded, in the late re- 
use or^ne an globe terrestre. Les Brah- pairs of the suburban Minster. 

Let the writer, however, premise 
that he is totally unconnected with 
either party, and not an inhabitant of 
the parish ; it is to him a matter of in- 
difference on which side caprice settles 
the controversy, so that the Church, I 
mean the fabric of St. Saviour*sChurch, 
does not suffer by the contest. But this 
is more than can be expected, and it is 
the fear of what may happen to the 
beautiful edifice, — a fear which has 
been too well founded in other in- 
stances, that has led to tVie present no- 
tice of the subject at issue. The re- 
stored Choir either proves the accuracy 
of the taste and judgment exercised by 
the Committee, or justifies the late 

miaet font remonter la creation du monde a 
trois milUons d'ann^es avant Yhre vulgaire. 
Selon leurs livres sacrds, traduits par la 
soci^ Anglaise du Bengali, Tlnde font 
gonvem^ par Brahma^ et successivement 
par six merums ou Emanations incam^s, 
jnsqa' aa deluge universel. Neuf mille 
ana apr^ cette inordination, commence le 
T^ne du septi^e menou, qu'ils nomment 
fftge d*or. Les Japonais font sortir le 
monde du chaoa k la voix de Tensio-dal- 
Isin, leur premier dairi : ce fut deux mil- 
lioBs d'ann^s avant I'^re vulgaire. Les 
Chinois ont ^t4 gouvem^s, selon leurs an- 
nalet, pendant plusieors millions d'ann^s, 
depoM roan-kou, qui fiit le premier homme. 
Les Tartares Mogols ont des traditions 
encore plus ancieones. Les Mages, Us Si- 

S^ir^ren ^^XiJr^'irr opposition which has suspended the 

cdk?,les«ivansEmettentrophiionquerinde fo^^^e of improvements, and may at 

s^lebcrceaudeshommes,etluias8.gnent length render that beautiful part of 

«M prodigieuse dur^. Les g^ologistes the Church, on which many thou- 

dfmoatrent, par Texamen des couches sands haye been expended, no longer 

aueoocel^ea qui constituent le globe, qu'il a : 

&lla cinquante miUe ans environ pour la * R^sum^ de i'liistoire du Monde jusqu' 

formatioa successive des croiites de la terre, a nos jours, pp. 1, 2. 


Appeal on behalf of St, Saviour* s Church, Southwark, [Jan. 

necessary^ for the performance of reli- 
gious services. 

Let us examine its architecture, and 
then see how far the new work has 
been made to correspond. The Church 
was nearly re-edified in the reign of 
Henry III. but the remains of an ear- 
lier, different, and more enriched style 
are observable in the nave ; these, 
however, we shall pass over, and no- 
tice that the exquisite design which 
DOW characterizes the building, and 
which (1 write from memoranda taken 
long previously to the repairs) is more 
perfect in the Eastern than in the 
Western half, is remarkable for its 
timplicity, I mean the absence of 
sculptured ornaments, which could 
have imparted neither grace to the 
proportions, nor beauty to the general 
design of an edifice already perfect in 
these respects. 

To secure the walls, which had ex- 
hibited signs of decay from some de- 
fect in their foundations, the large and 
graceful flying buttresses were added 
to the exterior in the latter part of the 
J 5th century; and at thi same time 
the altar was adorned, ahd its wall 
strengthened with a lofty and magni- 
ficent screen. These precautions saved 
the fabric from sudJen ruin, but its 
gradual decay was irresistible, and the 
scrupulous accuracy with which the 
dilapidated arches and windows have 
been restore4^ merits the highest 
praise ; and in the new features ren- 
dered necessary, since the hand of 
time had scarcely left a trace of the 
original design, the architect (Mr. 
Gwilt) has evinced his anxiety to imi- 
tate as closely as possible the model 
left him in the existing buildings. A 
' severe cVitic would wish that some of 
the decorations had been spared, but 
the closest scrutiny will not detect the 
slightest discordance in their style. 

The spacious and once handsome 
Chapel of St. Mary Magdalen is re- 
moved, and tho South side of the 
choir, which lutterly it disBgured, has 
resumed its ancient appearance. But 
the Lady Cha|)el, or to use its modern 
designation, the Spiritual Court, is 
coeval with the Church, and its most 
interesting apnendnge; and there can 
be no doubt that the architect already 
alluded to would restore the lost beau- 
tics of its exterior, and render it a very 
interesting ornament to the new street. 
Over its four uniform gables, covering 
triple lancet windows, whose exquisite 

forms may still be traced amid the inju- 
riesof time and injudicious repairs, would 
rise in bold and graceful proportions the 
broad gable of the choir, fiaaked with 
turrets, and surmounted by a cross; 
and beyond this the majestic tower 
with its lofty and elegant pinnacles, 
presenting a groupe of architecture un- 
commonly ^and and imposing. • This 
would be the result of prosesuting the 
repairs as they have been commenced ; 
and let us hope that nothing will in- 
terfere with an improvement designed 
to ennoble the Church, and reflect 
honour on the parishioners. Circum- 
stances combine to render this object 
practicable; the neglect of ages may 
now be atoned for ; but the opportu- 
nity once lost can never be r^atned. 

Such being the case, I have heard 
with unfeigned regret that the repairs 
of the Choir are suspended, after ten 
thousand pounds have been expended 
on them, while the Committee deli- 
berate on the expediency of rebuilding 
the Nave; and making it hancefor- 
ward the place for the performance of 
Divine Service, the former structure 
being retained merely as a receptacle 
for the dead and their monuments. 
This at least proves that the original 
plan has not been abandoned on the 
score of expence: I wish it proved 
no more; — but not to dwell on the 
unpleasant reflections which arise in 
contemplating such an alteration, I 
will observe, that the walls and arches 
of the nave are mostly substantial 
and repairable, and that any enlarge- 
ment of its dimensions woold oe- 
stroy the uaity of the entire ftbric. 
However, plan» for such a project 
have been demanded, and several 
young architects have striven Tor the 

f>rize of 100 guineas, the sum ofiered 
or the design best calculated to an- 
swer the scheme; and Mr. Gwilt, jua. 
was the successful candidate. 

It can excite no surprise in tliis age 
of -intemperate speculation, that a pro- 
posal of this kind should -meet with 
serious encouragement* The Choir 
and Transepts furnish sufficient room - 
for the congregation, and any com- 
plaint of inconvenience in other re* ' 
spects would now be idle. Why, Uien, 
in a Church so well calculated to ac- 
commodate a large congregation, is it 
wished to crowd more than 9000 per- 
sons into a given space, in imitation of 
the designers of modern Charcbes? 
Why elevate more than half the ooo- 


Caie of iome of the Poorer Clergy. 

f^n in cumbrous galleries, when 
oir affords ample room for them 
I floor i And if tKis be a neces* 
nngement, why destroy a dura- 
d elegant fabric, on which anti- 
bas conferred a charm not to be 
ed by the ingenuity of contem- 
' architects f Surely repair would 
!r the purpose of these sturdy in- 
on. But I suspect that the de- 
r something new, something to- 
Fifierent from the sober and judi- 
piaos already adopted, has more 
tin the councils of these schemers 
ither taste or judgment. It, -how* 
remains to be seen, whether this 
ficent Church is to be restored to 
rmer beauty, under its present 
lanager, or resigned to the ca- 
of men in no respect qualified 
& important undertaking. 
tall conclude for the present with 
net from Dr. Whitaker s " His- 
>f Richmondshire." This able 
oary, speaking generally of the 
:hes, says : 

■t at bt grateful for such works, — 
Munnitf and the pride of our country, 
ml Church which, however greaC loay 
MactSt or rather its superfluities, nei- 
ni4ged expettce, nor toil, nor pri va- 
in providing these durable and roagni- 
InukiingB, whith eventually, and in 
my histances, have fallen into hands 
narible of their value or their beauty. 
pe are bound to gratitude on another 
t. An ancient Church was a bene- 
which exonerated a parish from ex- 
br ages ; a modern one entails dila** 
B and decay, parochial squabbles, and 
mI contributions from eveiry succes- 
•ocfatlon, to the unspeakable injury 
pon itself. Sincerely do I hope that 
ly generations of our posterity may 
1 aamire the Churches of Richmond- 
I thoae of their forefathers have done. 
Bve them to themselves, and time will 
m to prove that the skilful and con- 
ma bailders have secured the event." 

'oors, &c. 


Urban, Dee, 21. 

UJST to your Impartiality and 
own attachment to the real in- 

of the Established Church for 
icrtion of a few remarks on a re- 
egalation which is peculiarly op- 
■c to some of ihe poorer Clergy. 
•re are in most dioceses a consi- 
c number of small livings in 
, tbc incumbents for time imrae- 
I hare been required to perform 
«T. Mag. January y 1 89G. 


Divine Service only once a fortnight, 
and in some three times in the month. 
The parishes thus circumstanced being 
for the most part so situated, that the 
parishioners could if so disposed attend 
Divine Service the other oundays at a 
neighbouring church. The small Ta- 
iue of such vicarage or perpetual cur 
racy, and the proximity of other 
churches, having in all probability 
been the cause of such arrangement. 

Now by a recent regulation, an offi- 
cial call nas been made on those of 
the poorer Clergy circumstanced a^ 
above stated, requiring them hence^ 
forward to perform Divine Service 
every Stmday, without any referencfe 
to the value of the preferment, the lo^- 
cality of the parish, or the age and 
circumstances of the incumbent. 

Of the importance of the due ob^ 
servance of tne Sabbath, and of a re* 
gular and suitable performance -of Di- 
vine Service, the writer is as sensible 
as any noble Lord, whether lay or cle- 
rical. But it appeals somewhat strange 
that those in high stations, who, while 
they abound in the good things of this 
world, and are so notoriously ever on 
the watch for advancement, should be 
so entirely forgetful of the real situa- 
tion of those to whom they thus im- 
periously dictate. Had the prime 
movers of the measure had any right 
feeling on the subject, or the real m- 
terests of the Church at heart, they 
would first have devised some measure 
for the relief of . the poorer Clergy in 
proportion to the additional duty they 
sought to impose on them. And they 
are the more inexcusable for not hav- 
ing done this,, since an obvious, ra- 
tional, and equitable mode of remu- 
neration, could not but have presented 
itself to every impartial, considerate 
mind ; viz. tnat in all such cases the 
impropriator, whether lay or clerical, 
should by some new enactment he 
called upon to pay to the poor incum- 
bent such annual stipend for the extra 
duty as the Bishops under the existing, 
regulations are authorized to require 
for Curates. 

The order, without such propor- 
tionate compensation, is a mere act of 
tyranny and oppression. To such a 
principle of compensation the authors 
of the measure felt indisposed, because 
they would have power and influence 
to contend with, and because it might 
require from ihem the sacrifice of a tew 

DentndanU of Sir Christopher Wren, 


pounds a year out of their thousands ; 
— while from the poorer Clergy there 
was. no effectual opposition to be aj)- 
prehended ; especially as the measure, 
prima facie, was likely to have the po- 
pular cry in its favour ; therefore the 
work 01 reformation was piously be- 
gun without delay. 

A volume mient be written on the 
manner in whicn Church Preferment 
is continually disposed of; it seems to 
be looked upon even by official patrons 
as private properly, — family interest 
and connexion being the chief objects 
of consideration in the dis|K)sal of it, 
^individual merit, and the real inte- 
rests of the Church, mere secondary 
objects. But 1 will add no more for 
the present. 

Trusting that others of my brethren 
similarly circumstanced will assist in 
bringing this matter fairly before the 

fublic, who will duly appreciate it, 
will subscribe myself, Mr. Urban, 
Your much obliged reader, 

A Poor Incumbent. 

P. S. Let no interested Impro- 
priator presume to dispute the equity 
of the proposed remuneration to the 
poorer Clergy, for what can be more 
inequitable and unjust, foro conscientiie, 
than that the Clerical labourer should 
have all the heat and burden of the 
day to support, and the exercise of 
daily benehcence to maintain, out of 
an income, in most cases, only one 
fourth of the impropriator's, who is 
subjected to none of these claims, but 
who in many cases, by the abuse of 
his rights, excites injurious prejudices 
against the Church. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 21. 

I BEG leave to point out, through 
the means of your valuable Maga- 
zine, an error, which Mr. James 
Elmes has fallen into relative to the 
survivors of the family of Sir Christo- 
pher Wren. In the introduction to 
nis Life of Sir C. Wren, p. 10, he says, 
«* Of Sir Christopher's lineal living de- 
scendants, are Miss Wren, the daugh- 
ter of his grandson Stephen, who has 
a sister residing at Bristol* Hoiwells ; 
tt^ a consin*s son, Christopher Wren, 
esq. of Wroxhall Abbey in Warwick- 
shire, formerly a seat of our Architect's, 
and where his only son Christopher 
lies buried.'* — Now it so happens that 
the lineal descendants of Sir Christo- 
pher Wren, of the elder branch, be- 


sides the above gentleman, Christo- 
pher (Roberts) Wren, esq. the present 
possessor of the family seat of Wrox- 
nail Abbey, and who has issue living, 
are, a brother of his father (the Rev. 
Philip Wren, Vicar of Tanworlh), 
also a sister of his father's, relict of the 
late James West of Alscot in War- 
wickshire, and a first cousin (Christo- 
pher Wren) residing at Perry Bar in 
StaBbrdshire. Nor was Christopher, 
above mt:ntioned, the only son of Sir 
C. Wren, as he left a son William by 
his second marriage with Jane, dan,s;h- 
ter of Lord Fitzwilliam, but who died 

The ladies alluded to by Mr. Elmes 
are daughters of Stephen Wren, who 
was born 1724, and who was a much 
younger son of Christopher (Sir Chris- 
topher's eldest son), by his second mar- 
riage with the relict of Sir Roger Bur- 
goyne; from which Sir Roger the es- 
tate and manor of Wroxhall were pur- 
chased by Sir Christopher in 1713, 
and settled on the issue of his eldest 
son'<3 6rst marriage with Mary, daugh- 
ter of Philip Musard, esq. and which 
issue Christopher, the elciest and only 
son of that marriage, born 17 U (and 
elder half-brother of Stephen), was 
grandfather of the present representa- 
tive of the family, Christopher Ro- 
berts Wren, esq. The ancestors of 
the family were, however, settled in 
Warwickshire early in the sixteenth 
century, as appeared by the inscrip- 
tion on a monument in Withibrook 
Church, copied by Sir W. Dugdale in 
his Antiquities of that County. 

A Constant Reader. 

Observations ^ on 'Mr. CarrinsiorC s' 
Translation in Verse of the Plutus 
of Aristophanes, conveyed in the li» 
terary History of an old fVykhamist. 

Mr. Urban, New College, Jan. 14. 

BEING an old Wykhamist, and at 
an early age devoted to idleness, 
by the enjoyment of a New Coll^ 
Fellowship, my life has been spent m 
a lazy literary retirement, sauntered 
and dozed away in the cloisters and 
shades of the University to which I 
belong. Poetry and prose have divided 
my hours of recreation, and having 
long forgotten what little Gieek I 
picked up under Dr. Warion, I am 
glad occasionally to renew my ac- 
quaintance with the Ckisfict, thmgh 

I * Can^nitmCi Tf9)i»Mll<^. ^ PHtit» iif^Mtiophanes. M 

•dtttin of the Quarterlj^ and 
tij^ Reriewsy or the literaiy 
HODS in your own Magazine, 
ii -my constant companion, as 
of my father and grandfather 
me. When a ^roath, a hope- 
■(ivftoyy just looking forward to 
f Wincnester School* for the 
B, horn .which I now address 
Bj taste for classical literature 
iaeed chiefly in a predilection 
eofenic stores; and many and 
, lime have I been reprimanded 
master^ on account of my defi- 
m'the lesson of Homer, Cicero, 
', which had been neglected for 
mement afforded in a scene of 
^ or a play of Terence, in the 
lid translation of that author by 
ice Echard. In fact, Mr. Ur- 
y.gmiiu wa9 comic, and I never 
» Homer without sighing over 
i of the Margites, a production 
HMbd Bard whose destruction 
flmed equally by Aristotle and 
toii Scriblerus (who style it the 
id of antiquity) ; nor must I 
I liom you (though I declare I 
If ashamed of mysel^y that I 
^tniny been guilty of throwing 
be tender pathos and animated 
t of the 4th book of the iCneid 
barlesqae in which Cotton has 
ed that master- piece of Virgil's 
The battle of the Frogs and 
and a Travestie of the Iliad, 
ited' all the Homer that I stu- 
end studied too with a perti- 
irhich was proof against tne re- 
eastigation conferred on nie by 
'erend Doctor for the reforma- 
my truant taste. 
comedy of Greece I had never 
iportunity of enjoying. Alas ! 
oaintance with Greek literature 
i been sufficiently extended to 
of iny reading Aristophanes in 
^nal, and his wit and humour 
easures which I in vain longed 
ny years to examine. To be 
[ possessed the translation of 
itus by the Author of Tom 
and that of the Clouds by 
Hand ; but the first was so spi- 
ltd insipid, and the last, to my 
stiff and frigid (though often 
, and on occasions not without 
r), that I began to despair of ever 
Dg the enjoyment 1 aesired : at 
Mr. M itchell's * Wasps,' and 
mans,* and * Knights,' appeared 
iie publick, and works of great 

mflHTit hideed:an th^, but they did not 
afford me that whicn 1 wanted — a free 
indulgence in playful htimour, con- 
veyed through the cbailnel of an easy, 
lively, and familiar dialogue. I felt 
throughout the perusal of them thai I 
had nothing more in my hands thaii 

clever specimens of scholarship. My 
desire was, to be able to loouge upon 
a bench, or under a tree, in tne col- 
lege garden, and laugh over the scenic 
drolleries of antiquity,«as I would over 
the comedy or tarce of the modem* 
aera. My fellow Wvkhamists pro- 
nounced me unreasonable, as you will, 
perhaps, Mr. Editor, in expecting to 

. meet with what 1 wanted in liny 
translation of ancient cometly, since 
the inconsistency of the ancient style, 
tonCjt manner, and costume,* with that 
of modern times, rendered the accom- 
plishment of my wishes, as they said, 
impossible. 1 was willing to admit 
the truth of their representations, and 
concluded that the gratificatibn whicb 
1 d^ired with respect to ancient co- 
medy was indeed to be despaired of. 
In this conclusion I continued stea- 
fast, until the appearance of a work 
on which I shall offer a few observa- 
tions, convinced- me, that, notwith- 
standing the inconsistency between 
the ancient and modern costume and 
style, a specimen of an old Greek co^ 
medy could nevertheless be produced, 
possessing all the qualities of amuse- 
ment which belong to any modern 
comic piece. I consider then, that on 
account of this peculiar recommenda- 
tion, Mr. Carrington's translation of 
the Plutus of Aristophanes is rendered 
a complete literary curiosity. It af- 
fords me that free indulgence in play- 
ful humour, and familiar Hvely dia- 
logue, which I have before expressed 
myself as having so long searched for 
in vain in any translation of ancient 
comedy ; and I am confident that no 
one who takes it up, ** from schoolboy 
to the gouty Justice," will not derive 
as much amusement from it as he 
would from any French or English 
comic production. 

Translations of either ancient, co- 
medy, or tragedy are for the most part 
shunned by modern readers, on ac- 
count of the idea generally formed of 
the harshness and uncouthness of ail • 
that belongs to antiquity. This no- 
tion would, however, soon vanish, 
could they. see that antiquity pjaced 
before them in a familiar pomt of 


Carrlngtoni's Translation of Pluiui of Aristophaneu {Jao. 


Welly you shall hear. There was a certab 

youlh frigksjf 
Poor fomewhat, but be always lookM genteel. 
As pretty a fellow as you ever saw, 
^e, aod as good a oue ; if ever I 
Had want of anv thing, he flew to serve me 
With such a grace and air as eharm'd me 

And sometimes I was able to help kim, 

What might it be that he would ask for 
' most? 


Oh ! but a trifle,-— he was wondrous shy ; 
He sometimes would beg twenty drachms 

or so. 
To buy a coat with, and eight more for shoes* 
And something too to Airnish him a scarf. 
To treat his sisters with, or else 
A spencer or a tippet for his mother. — 
Yes, and would ask for some fo«r sacks of 


A trifle this, upon my word, to ask! 
Tis plain enough the youth was very shy. 

And this he siud he ask'd, not for the sake 
Of getting things out of me-<— no, but all 
For love and fond regard, that he might say 
It was my coat and waistcoat he had on,— 
A little keepsake to remind him of me. 

Oh ! why the man was over head and tan 
In lore i he lov'd you to distraction. 

But now the base deceiver no more feels 
The flame he oherish'd for his Cbloe once ! 
No, barbarous as he is, he leaves me quite : 
before f as sure as came the day. 

view. This U the secret that weans 
people into the adoption of many par- 
suits in science and literature, from 
which they otherwise would irrecon- 
cileably shrink. This secret has been 
fully understood by Mr. Carrin^tou, 
and " ladies and gentlemen/' old and 
young, blue or not blue, learned or 
unlearned, may through the medium 
of his production pay a visit to the 
Athenian theatre, and enjoy its co« 
H^edy throughot4t 6ve scenes of wit, 
humour, banter, and jest, conveyed in 
familiar vivacious dialogue, with nearly 
i^s much zest as the citizens of Athens 
themselves would have done. 
. As 1 recommended elderly ladies 
amongst others to become spectators 
of the piece which forms the subject 
of these reraaiks, it occurs to me that 
one of the most humorous parts of the 
translation is that in which a speci- 
men of an old Athenian lady is anbrd- 
cd.— I do not mean to offena that most 
respected body of matrons, the elderly 
ladies of my country, but merely parti- 
cuiariza this character for their notice, 
considering that it is one more likely 
tp excite their curiosity than any other 
in the dramatis persons : as it carries 
with it so much of the ludicrous, I 
sbali make no apology for introducing 
an extract of that part of the transla- 
tion which it occupies ; in doing which 
I. am sure I shall be affording an ac- 
ceptable treat to the reader, and at the 
same time a good specimen of the me- 
rits of Mr. C.*s work. 

The old lady, it should be observed, 
is a creature made up of affectation and 
ridiculous airs. She is introduced as 
coming to complain of the desertion 
of a young man, who, while he was 
poor, consented to let her have his 
Jove in return for her mon^y ; but be- 
ing suddenly rendered affluent by the 
bounty of the God of riches, takes his 
leave of his quondam mistress. The 
gentleman to whom she imparts her 
grievance of course amuses himself 
with quizzing her throughout her re- 

Graus (the old lady). Chremylus. 

You're pleas*d to jest, Sir, but my pangs 

have been 
From lote ! — (Bursts inlo tears.) 

CvL'RiM^^-'CAsswming a pacifying tone.) 

Ah ! tell me quickly tU 
About it then. 

His well-known rap would sound upon jny 

Chrem (bursting out a laughingf undbltto 

contain himsey). 
What ! to convey you out to burial ? ha ! ha! 

Graus (drawing herself up indignmUlyJ, 

No, Sir 1 if it were 
But to hear my voice,— 
He lov'd me so 

And if he saw 

Me sad, would call me in the fondest tQ«e» 
His little duckling, and his pretty chiek ! 

And then would ask you for ^pair iff shoes I 

And he would tell me-— << Oh I 
What ladylike and pretty hands youn are !" 

I dare say, when they readi'd him tKmUy 

** And your whol^ person toO| iwott tmi ^ 
lightful I" 


Oil mitre frequtnt Gaol Delieeriet. 


Ekiremely so, whenyou were pouring, out 
A cap of your best ToAfiaa * for him. 

<* Those eyes too ! how bewitching is their 
gUoice V 

The fellow WM no fool ; he well knew how 

To feed st an old wanton woman's cost. 

• • » # • 

Mr. Urban^ Jan, 17. 

THE following remarks upon the 
subject of more frequent ^aol 
deliveries, are extracted from a little 
vrork published a few years since, en- 
titled, " Th^ Law's Delay, and its 
Remedy,*' and understood to be the 
production of a Lawyer of some pro- 
vincial eminence in the western part 
of the kingdom, especially as a presid- 
ing Magistrate at Quarter Sessions. 

" The manner in which the Assizes are 
now held, will perhaps admit of very consi- 
derable improvement. A greater space of 
time may be devoted to the purpose, so as 
in every case to dispose of the Nisi prius 
business, and have no remanets, as also to 
enable the Judges of Assize to determine 
the various cases which are directed to be 
referred to them, or to the Courts at West- 
minster, by a vast number of statutes 
whidi would effect a considerable saving of 
expense to the parties ; as also to examine 
man fully than at present into the state of 
the different prisons ; and generally to per- 
form those important services which a 
Judge, firom his dignified station, erudition, 
and extensive powers, is so peculiarly quall> 
fied to render ; whilst his undoubted ability 
and impartiality would induce even tke op- 
ponents of his opinions and orders to concede 
something to his decision. 

" But though some alteration in this 
respect would perhaps mitigate some of the 
evils of the present mode, there appears to 
be no way more likely to effect any great 
improvement than the dividing of the Civil 
firom the Criminal busiuess of the Assize, 
the disunion of the Nisi Prius list from the 
Gaol Delivery Calendar, and the appointing 
of the Courts for each of these purposes to 
be holden at different periods (and even dif- 
ferent places where public accommodation 
would be consulted by so doin^.) Much of 
the hurry and confusion, much of the ex- 
pense and anxiety attending the present 
Assizes, would thus be removed, and a certain 
tiuic being appointed for the trial of each 
class of cases, the Judges would not be 
compelled by the imperious necessity of 
rWnring the gaol to postpone the trial of 

* The choicest wine of the Athenian 
eeBw, from the island of Thasos. 


issues on the Civil aid* to the next Assize. 
To some persons the bustle of an Assize, 
with its attendant enjoyments of balls and 
dinners, is an object' of too much import- 
ance to be easily relinquished, and therefore 
any proposal which will diminish their 
amusements, will of course be opposed; 
but &s the accomniodation of suitors is the 
real object of holding the Assizes in each 
County, the objections of any other class 
of persons are entitled to very little consi- 

Since this work was published. As- 
sizes have been held in the Home 
Circuit, solely for the purpose of a Gaol 
delivery, and the result seems to evince 
the accuracy of the foregoing observa- 
tions ; for with little comparative 
bustle the gaols have been cleared of 
their inmates at the third Assize, and 
an opportunity thus allowed of trying 
all the issues at the two other Assizes, 
But it appears that even this improve- 
ment has been effected with some ditfi- 
culty. The Judges are reluctant to 
undertake the additional duty ; the 
business of their Courts, ancf other 
duties, such as the Sessions at the Old 
Bailey and at the Admiralty Sessions, 
already occupy so much of their time, 
that even to delegate two Judses to 
hold the Winter Home Circuit, is 
perhnns as much as ought to be ex- 
pected from the present Courts j and 
therefore if the holding of three Assizes 
throuehout the country be determined, 
it will be necessary to appoint an ad- 
ditional number of Judges to the 
Courts, or to effect some great altera- 
tion in their constitution, to both of 
which measures so strong an objection 
is entertained by the dommant party of 
the Legislature, that some time must 
elapse ere the conviction of the great 
utility of either of the measures in 
question can be expected to obtain an 
entire victory over feelings in them- 
selves undoubtedly honourable to the 
parties, but misapplied when brought 
into contact with real improvements 
in Laws or their administration. 

But a proposal has recently been 
made, which is not liable to most of 
the objections urged against the 
adoption of the other projects, namely, 
the appointment of Judges for the sole 
purpose of delivering the gaols of such 
of their inhabitants as are accused of 
crimes not punishable with death so 
as to leave only persons charged with 
capital offences for trial at the two 
great Assizes, and as the number of 
prisoners in this awful situation is ge- 


On-morefrequeni Gaol Deliveries, 


nerally not rery larf^e, there would be 
no occasion for the postponement of 
the civil causes to enable both Judges 
to proceed with the trial of Criminals ; 
but in the latter part of the Assize 
both Judges might try the issues, and 
thus c^ery case be aisjiosed of. It is 
proposed that this desirable improve- 
ment be effected by the appointment 
of a President or Chairman to each 
Quarter Sessions, with a jiberal salary, 
and to extend the powers of the S<»- 
Bions of the Peace to take cognizance 
of some offences which, though not 
punishable with death, are yet at pre- 
sent not within their jurisdiction ; but 
this plan seems liable to some objec- 
tions of a very -powerful nature, objec- 
tions which would in all probability 
prevent its success ; and the other 
modes proposed not being exposed to 
these objections, has of course a greater 
chance of being adopted ; that is, the 
app()intment of » sufficient number of 
Judees, for this special purpose, inhi- 
bited from any professional pursuits or 
other public occupation ; and let these 
Judges make the circuit of the island 
four or at least three times a year, and 
deliver the gaols of every culprit ex- 
cept those charged with capital offences. 
It would be advisable that two Judges 
should travel each Circuit together, 
not only fur mutual advice and as- 
sistance, but also that the business of 
the Assize might be disposed of with 
all convenient dispatch, and thus the 
several Counties be relieved of a por- 
tion of the enormous charge of detray- 
ing the expense of prosecutors and 
witnesses (a charge which has attained 
80 enormous an extent as to cause the 
eeneral Government to be applied to 
tor assistance), and avoid as far as pos- 
sible the detention of the persons who 
have to appear, in these characters from 
their homes, families, and occupations. 
There are thirty-eight counties in 
England in which Assizes are held, 
or at least to which this measure would 
be applicable. With two Judges solely 
occupied with the trial of Criminal 
cases, it may be reasonably expected 
that the Assize would not upon an 
average exceed three days in each 
county, or 114 days for the whole 
kingdom. If, therefore, four Judges 
be appointed, the whole will occupy 
but 67 days for each circuit. To hold 
four Circuits annually would require 
228 days from each Judge, the re- 
mainder of the year beii^ allowed for 

travelling and occasional recreation, a 
duty not exceeding that required from 
manyof the present Judges. A liberal 
salary should of course reward their 
exertions (say 3000/.), and they should 
be encouraged to a faithful discharge 
of their functions by an expectation of 
being promoted to the Bench in one 
of the Courts of Westminster Hall. 

An objection which is frequently 
urged with great success against any 
proposal of this nature, namely, the ex- 
pense, would here have no weight, as 
the diminished charge for the expenses 
of witnteses, both at the minor and 
principal Assizes, would, much more 
than compensate for the charge attend- 
ing the former ; and, indeed, after 
deducting every expense, a considerable 
diminurion in the County rates may be 
feasonably expected. A Committee of 
the House of Commons has lately re- 
commended that the expense of the 
Assizes should be borne by Govern- 
ment, an expense of perhaps 6o,000/. 
annually ; wny, therefore, not prefer a 
measure by which this expense might 
not only be reduced, but public con- 
venience greatly consulted, the ex- 
pense of maintaming the prisoners in 
gaol diminished, the innocent sooner 
discharged from unmerited detention, 
and even the young criminal earlier 
rescued from the contagion of evil 
companions, from thesociety of veteran 
offenders ; a strong inducement held 
out to prosecute culprits by the short 
space ot time which would be required 
for the purpose ; and justice more 
speedily, and perhaps even more effec- 
tually administered. R* H. 


THOMAS CAREW was an ele- 
gant, nervous, and inartificial 
Poet. He combined with the fictitious 
adornment of the muse, the votive 
thoughts of nature, in such an easy and 
simple dress, as to appear in many 
instances the casual effusion of a let- 
tered and energetic mind, and that- 
Sucklings Satire was little better than . 
a libel, in saying 

" th' issue of 's brain 
Was seldom brought forth but with trouble 

and pain." 

He certainly cast a lustre on a period, - 
when a stern, wild, and overbearing 
democracy was gathering strength, 
with such hot and turbulent fenueo- / 


Flt Lbates, No, &xix. — Carem*s Poems. 


taliion, thaty when formed, talent be- 
came brovv-beaten, genius stultified, 
and learning, in stu|)or of despair, 
gulped oblivion's cup tb drown all 
genial powers. Times, more unfitted 
for the lettered world, are no where 
recorded in our domestic annals. 

With the cold caution of impene- 
trable suspicion, requiring an impri- 
matur, under date April 29th, r()40 
(just as beggars began to ride post) 
appeared the first edition of ** Poems, 
by Thomas Carew, Esq. one of the 
Gentlemen of the Privie-Chambery^ 
and Sewer in Ordinary to his Majesty." 
Only his Masque, and a few of his 
acknowledged pieces^, either attached 
to musick, or in favour of contempo- 
raries, had then appeared in print, and 
as he died in the preceding year, the 
volume may be received as posthumous. 
But the ** excellent Carew,*' ** Love's 
Oracle," between whom and ** flou- 
rishing Suckling,'* Robert Baron am- 
bitiontd to sit: 

** strike when will my fute, 
" ril proudly haste to such a priocely seat." 

as soon as his '* numerous language*' * 
was published, with which 

*• No luWe, or lover durst contend ;"1* 

it proved too natural, gaily spirited, and 
brilliant, amidst the violent Oscillations 
of society, not to find a rapid demand, 
and, consequently, the Poems were 
again published in l642. 

From that period his, in common 
with similar productions, had to en- 
counter the spreading effect of a selfish 
bigoted oligarchy, of proud enthusi- 
astic puritanism, unitecf with the tu- 
mult of civil war; combiningly insuffi- 
cient to smother the generous fostering 
of public opinion, and amid the tur- 
moil of anarchy, a third impression 
was needed in l6"31. 

The Restoration embodied a gay 
Court, revived elegant pursuits, while 
the tranquillity of peace afforded pro- 
tection to learned ease and seductive- 
ness of reading ; therefore, with such 
a domestic change, to find at the end 
of twenty years (1671) another edition 
of the Poems required, neither pro- 
claims special honour to the author's 
memory, nor gives to his bust more 
vivid laurels. 

♦ See Shirley's Poems. 

t MS. by C. P. probably Clement Paman. 

During ihe next five successive 
reigns, fashion, that can shadow the 
streaming ray of the brightest gem, 
becoming the infatuated and successive 
votary of the Drydenic and Popean 
schools, thrust our author, with a crowd 
of others, into unmerited and almost 
total obscurity. From entire neglect, 
his Poems were rescued in 1772, by 
Mr. Thomas Davies, an honest way- 
faring bookseller, who, having a smalt 
share of taste, with little or no time 
for research, ventured, amid his bib- 
liopogistical speculations, to oversee^ 
or do, " a new edition" of the Poems. 
No exertions were made to gather ar- 
ticles hitherto omitted, 'either frortt 
print of easy attainment, or such as 
still remain scattered amid MSS. pre- 
served in our public libraries. To the 
prefixture of a meagre life and " a 
short character of his writings,'* the 
Editor ventured, unnecessarily, to ex- 
tend his labour by ■ supplying modern 
orthography, a task always hazardous 
in the attempt, and seldom effected 
without a martyrdom of the measure, 
and weakening the conception of the 

With no better text than the re- 
print of Davies, in 1810 the Poems 
of Carew were collected among the 
** English Poets," in 21 vols. : and 
much to the censure of those who take 
lead as wealthy publishers, here it is 
found an efficient Editor to prefix lives, 
seems all that is considered neces- 
sary for supplying a standard edition of 
our Poets ; the text of every author is 
left to the care of a nameless autho- 
rity. Should the writings of all our 
Poets ever obtain critical examination 
and individual research, by a proper 
apportionment of the labour to com- 
petent hands, can it be supposed that a 
new edition (like a standard Shake- 
speare) would not obtain a similar 
liberal recognition and remuneration 
from the public ? 

In the same year, 1810, the late Mr. 
John Fry, of Bristol, attempted to 
awaken curiosity by printing a trite 
selection from Carew's Poems, and in 
1814, announced, as to be published 
in that year, a " sixth edition, with 
several Poems from MSS. in the 
Ashm. Mus. Oxford, never before pub- 
lished;*' which probably did not ob- 
tain sufficient encouragement to excite 
further exertion. Philips declares our 
Author " was reckoned among thie 


Innovations on the EngUih Language. 


chi«fest of his time for delicacy of wit 
and poetic fancy:*' ami a contemporary 
pronounced his verses 

*' M smooth and high 
•*Ai glory, love, or wine, from wit can raise." 

Eu. Hood. 

Mr. U RBAN, Jan. 16. 

AFFECTATION and ignorance 
are always at work to corrupt 
language; and even when it has been 
raised to a good standard of purity, by 
the writings of men of genius and 
learning, the same perverse agents are 
•till at work to introduce innovations 
or alterations. These spurious addi- 
tions afford the first symptom of the 
decline of any language from purity, 
and ought to be watched and resisted. 
There is no power so likely to eftect 
this purpose, as the influence of pe- 
riodical publications; among which, 
the Gentleman's Magazine has long, 
▼ery long, maintainett a most respect- 
able situation. 

The affected term isolated^ was long 
ago strenuously opposed by a writer in 
the British Critic, as may be seen in 
Todd's Edition of John^on^s Dic- 
tionary: but the critic, whoever he 
was, did not recollect that Warburton 
had introduce it, as Todd proves by 
a Quotation. Warburton, however, 
with all his power of mind, was far 
from writing a pure style ; nor if Lord 
Chesterfield be proved also to have used 
it, can that sufficiently defend the term, 
or its cognate verb to isolate, Mr. 
Todd, therefore, unites with the ano- 
nymous critic in condemning it as a 
inost affected word. Nevertheless, 
though the British Critic pronounced 
that tt was not English, and hoped that 
it never would he, it is much to be 
feared that, at the present day it is 
nearly, if not quite, established. So 
difficult is it to resist injudicious inno- 

Against another spurious word, you, 
Mr. Urban, must assist in defending 
ws. This is the word compete; which, 
though it is not defended by a single 

3uotation, in the latest Edition of' 
ohnson, nor even admitted at all, is 
now thrusting itself into notice in 
almost every new publication. The 
writers, I presume, consider it as an 
improvement, or as a novel elegance : 
but as the language flourished to our 
days without it, we surely may reject 

the stranger. I think, but cannot 
prove, that it was first introduced from 
North Britain. I have remarked the 
following instances in very modern 
works. First, in the Retrospective 
Review (a very excellent publication), 
vol. vii. p. 71. **The man who could 
make a brazen head speak, might 
surely compete with the author of the 
milk of roses.'* Again, in the new 
Edition of Cihhers Apology, by Mr. 
Bellchambers, p. 272. ♦' This Harper 
was a just and spirited comedian, who 
had the honour to compete with Quin, 
in Falstnff.'* Thirdly, in the Classical 
Journal for June, 1825, p. 255. "In 
grace and polish of manner, few of the 
later Roman writers can compete with 
him (Calphurnius)." 

Now I contend that all these pas- 
sages might be better expressed without 
this unauthorised, nnenglish word. 

So much for affectation. But it re- 
quired the aid of ignorance so to mis- 
apply a word, as the substantive avO' 
cation is now continually misused. 
** An avocation, properly speaking, is 
that which calls a person off from his 
regular and chief occupation, or voca- 
tion/'' It is correctly so distinguished 
in the Letters of that very superior 
woman. Lady Hervey. •* But my oc- 
cupations and avocations have lately 
been so many, that I have not had. 
time, &c.'' Letter 31, p. 79. — In the 
fragments of poor R, Btoomfield^s 
writings, called his Remains, we have 
a strong instance of the improper use ; 
" Man neglects his proper avocation, 
agriculture, to go in search of black 
eyes and bloody noses, commonly called 
military glory.** Vol. ii. p. 62. But 
Bloomneld is npt answerable for this, 
as he quotes it from an obscure Jour- 
nal, the Publican* $ Newspaper. But 
in the best reputed Journals of the 
present day, the same ignorant mis- 
application of the term may continually 
be seen. Why is this? Simply, be*-: 
cause avocation is a fine-soundiDg word, 
much more shewy than business, em- 
ployment, &c. But if a manV ri^lar 
calling is to be termed his avocaii^ni, I 
would ask, from what it calls him off? 
Yet such is the etymological and ne«- 
ccssary meaning of the word (com<<^ 
posed of a from, and voco to call) that 
common sense requires it only to be 
used when there is a calling away, 
from some thing that would otherwise 
he done PRififeiAK. " 

I 41 3 



1, Testamenta yetusta; being Jliustratioru for raising; gorgeous mODumenU, not 
' from IViUn^ of Manneri^ Customs^ i^c, ; as from oslentalion, but that posterity 
wdi as if the Descents and Possessions q/ might not /orgei to pray for their souls ; 
many distinguished Families from the f^r finishiug and cofn|^tely repftiling 
Reign of Henry the Second to the Ac- churches; for erecting new ailes and 
cession of Queen Etizateth. By Nicho- chapels ; for putting in uew win- 
las HftrrU Nicolas, Esq. Barrisierat'Law, ^^ ^^^ adding every species of deoo- 
and fellow rf the S^i^ty of Antujuane,: ^^^.^^ ^ ^^^ ^^ f^^^-^]^^ 
Urge 8it>. < w^ Nichob and Son. ,j,^.^ . thought was doe to the 

IT is a gratifying task to open any glory of God; and when we see a mere 
new work by a man of talent, '^^^ f^n of sheep-folds, a theatrical 
taste, and learning, (and such a roan is gallery, white-washed ceilinga, bare 
Mr. Nicolas,) because we arc sure to trails, and a clock and' desk the sole 
be instructed and pleased. In the fo,„iiuJe ; and compare it with West- 
work before us, a new and unexpected „^\j^^xtT Abbey, and King's College 
delight pervades, at least, ourselves. Chapel, we should consider it iust as 
We allude to that sentiment of filial auxiliary to devotion to robe the Mi- 
love and veneration for our ancestors, ^\^i^f jn a countryman's smock-frock, 
which has bec« excited by the .""^^r- jjig^ead of a surplice, as to prefer the 
csting volumes before ns. Be it that former to the latter I The piety of 
the proud warrior and feudal sovereign ^^^ ancestors (whatever might be the 
and his lofty dame, were, out of state, ^^^^^ ^f worship) was fUBLiiiB^— 
only farmers and farmers' wives ; that f^j^ ^jj ^^ ^^^^ Churches merely 
aeed-corn, and teams, and ploughs, ^^ ^^ jj^^j, prayers. A solemn awe 
were objecU of daily concern, and impressed their souls the moment they 
dying btouests ; and that on high days crossed the sacred threshold. Before 
and holidays, finery, which had de- i^em, on the tombs and in the win- 
flcrnded from n:rand-fathers and grand- ^|^,^^ ^^^ ^^^ effigies of their anccft- 
mothers, iif lushion or out of fashion, ^^^^ ^j^j^ ^^^\^ hands uplifted in 
whether it fitted or did not fit, was prayer, as a perpetual memento to 
gorgeously exhibited ;— that the lady ^j^ J^ descendants, to remember, ever 
rode behind the lord on a double horse ; ^ remember, their dependence upoo 
and that the children kneeled on forms ^j^^j^ q^ Upon the walls hung 
on the side of the room ;— that they },e|n,ets, corslets, and swords, to re- 
ro!ie at five, and dined at nine off beef- ^^j^j jjjp^, ^^^^^ ^hg deceased had 
steaks and fat ale;— that their jests jjravely defended their Kin^, their 
were coarse, their mirth boisterous, Country, their Wives, atid their 
their compliments awkward, and their children. All around were the glit- 
gestures uncouth ;— yet who will -call ^^j ornaments of Heraldry, to shew 
into his mind's eye the mailed hero of ^y^^^ ^^^ honours and the estates 
Agtnrourt, and Lord Chesterfield in ^i^j^j, ^h^ir wisdom and their bravery 
full Couit Dress, and not prefer the ^^^ acquired, for the enjoyment and 
Old Englishman, whose brawny fist i^appjness of their children. Every 
and battle axe knocked down a Ircnch- s^nj^n^cnt of what God is, and of what 
man and an ox with equal ease; and ^^^ ^^^^ alj come to, was intensely 
would have deemed the slim rapier of ^j^^ited ; and " the pealing anthem 
the foreij^ner Earl, fit only for a toasting g^gH^j the note of praise," to minds 
fork, or a lark-spit. Hough as they overpowered with the ** religio loci," 
were, roojih as the native oaks of their ^^ ^.^^ ^^ ^^e elevation, beyond earth, 
isl jnd, these were the men who laid the ^^ ^y^^ divine principle in the abstract, 
massv foundations of our liberty, and r^y^^^ charity, too, marshalled the fu- 
our glory ; and sJn^iularly enough, of a ^^^^^1 procession. Long trains of poor 
taste in Architecture, as applied to dc- ^ly^hed and fed ; gray-bearded serv- 
votional objccw, not to be surpassed. — jng.,nen provided with alms-houses 
The wills before us explain the cause ^^j annuities ; poor bed-ridden peo- 
of the lalier phcooint'niHi. They all, .^ relieved, orphan maidens portion- 
with scarcely an excepiioo, oonmacnce ^j . indigent children aent to school ; 
with provismi for the testator's mier- ]^j\^^ built and repaired ; and various 
inent ; wichtuwit of money bequeathed ^^^^^ benefactions which show, that if 
Gwft. Mm. Jmnmry, »%f«. 


Hmyimw.^^NicoUu's Teitamenta Fettuta. 


the moderns are, u|>on the whole^ a 
great deal wiser than their 'forefathers, 
they are also a great deal meaner. 

But these were the days of Thomas- 
«-Beckety and the modern are those of 
Adam Smith, (another Thomas-a- 
Becket, whom people worship in a dif- 
ferent mode, with better prospects of 
Boccess,) and therefore we shall drop 
the enthusiasm of the antiquary for the 
-present, because we have just as strong 
a desire to get rich^ as the rest of 
our cohtemporaries. 

We shall now proceed to the work, 
ami first give the able elucidation of it 
by Mr. Nicolas himself. 

*' It has been sensibly remarked, th*t in 
^ocumeuts of this nature, ' the real wishes 
of the heart are suffered to appear, because 
we shall be indifferent to th^ consequences 
of them, before they can be divulged.' For 
«11 these reasons, testaments of celebrated 
Persons possess a claim on the attention of 
Biographers, which they have very rarely 
obtained. But it is to the Antiquary, to 
him who sieks for information on the man- 
ners and habits of his ancestors, from sources 
unpolluted by the erroneous constructions 
or misrepresentations of others ; and who, 
jetting aside the theories of a fiivourite 
writer on past times, judges firom evidence 
alone, that eftrlv wills are of the greatest 
importance. Where, but in such instru- 
ments, can we possibly obtain an accurate 
Icnowledge of the articles which constituted 
the furniture of the houses, or the wearing 
apparel of persons, who lived several cen- 
* taries ago ; or in what other record can so 
satisfactory an account of the property of an 
individual be discovered, as in that in which 
he bequeaths it to his child, or his friend ? 
The great value of chattels, even down to 
the period with which this collection closes, 
caused them to be described with a minute- 
ness in wills, not only by persons of insig- 
nificance, but even by the children of the 
royal family, which cannot fail to excite the 
smile of this ' enlightened age.' If the va- 
lue of this sort of information be doubted, 
the same suspicion must apply to every thing 
which relates to former tiroes. It is not, 
however, curiosity only which is gratified 
by these inquiries ; for by marking ttie alte- 
rations in manners and customs, and tracing 
the gradual* but certain progress of intel- 
lectual improvements — the former exhibited 
by the approach to existing institutions; 
and the latter by the removal of that super- 
stitious bigotry, which is so fully displayed 
in this work — we receive ample objects for 
ea^ercising philosophical reflections." Pref. 
p. 9. 

In the Preface, p. 13, we are sorry 
to see complaints or difficulty of access 
for literary purposes to the <* Principal 

Registry of the Kingdom— that of 
Doctors' Commons." In all the Re- 
cord Offices in the Kingdom, a new 
arrangement is desirable. We mean 
nothing offensive. The keepers of 
those records (so far as we know 
them) are men of high and meritori- 
ous character, and it is not reason- 
able to desire, that they should devote 
their valuable time and attendance, 
and employ clerks and servants, with- 
out adequate remuneration. Ail we 
mean is that, as the Records are Pub- 
lic Properly, and the Offices are very 
few, they should derive their emo- 
luments, like the Officers of thai an- 
mirable Institution, the British Mu- 
seum, from the National Purse ; and 
that every Calendar should be printed, 
and every record accessible for the sum 
of one shilling. Many gentlemen, to 
whom the highest attention is doe, 
think that there ought to be a gratuit- 
ous liberty of inspection, as with re- 
gard to the Cotton, Harleian, and other 
manuscripts: but we think from the 
direct relation which the records bear 
to property, that, unless some fee was 
paid for the purpose of impeding mere 
idle curiosity, that the trouble occa- 
sioned would be insufferable ; to men 
known to be seriously engaged in lite- 
rary objects, a gratuitous permission 
might, upon proper attestation of their 
characters, be very pronerly granted. 

After the Preface follow some •' pre- 
liminary observations," written, as ap- 
pears, by the arms of the tail-piece, 
(p. xi.) by Mr. Dal la way. It is need- 
less to observe, therefore, that these 
observations are very luminous and 
valuable. We shall make two ex- 

'* The care of their sepulture, and the 
erection of tombs, by which not only their 
memory should be preserved, but tome 
idea given of their persons, by effigies and 
portraitures, seems to have occapied the 
minds of most testators. It is needlett to 
say, how magnificent and beantifol many of 
these sepulchral monuments were ; as ocou- 
lar demonstration is afforded ua« much more 
frequently than in any other instance, of 
their furmer excessive richness, as macb, at 
least, as has escaped decay by time itself, or 
from being violently mutilated and defined 
by the fimatic Reformers. In the ofders 
left for funeral obsequies, it is interestioff to 
observe the extremes of ostentatioD tad nil- 
mility, in many of the wills from whieh ex« 
tracts are given, and the desire of ui ^ ciuiMg 
the greatest number of masses in ibm sbort^ 
•St time, and for the Wast moaey. • WeiMn^ 
a greater satis&ctioa ui obteniig» ihsi^taa 


RxTiBW.— McoZot'i Teitamehia Vetusia/i 


of the* Heroes of Agineoiirt remembered the 

poor foldiersy whp shared and sunrived tUat 

memorable Tictorjy by a bequest* to satisfy 

their wages m arrear ; an act oi honourable 

justice, especially as he acknowledges that, 

* peradventure he had received more wages 

from the King and Realm, than he was 

worthy of.' And, in the bequests to poor 

maidens, to procure their marriage, and ' to 

mend foul ways,' we contemplate an useful 


" The strict injunction of future celibacy 
given by husbands to their widows* for the 
sake of children by the first marriage, either 
by request, or by penalty of jointure ; and 
the bequeathing the marriage of their 
daughters to a certain individual, under for- 
feiture, was consonant with the spirit of 
feudal times. 

••ThewUl of Dame Alice Wyche (the 
widow of a Lord Mayor of London) is replete 
with good sense and useful charity. We 
must recollect that it was made in 1474; 
and we shall perceive its extent—dOOZ. to 
poor diligent labourers in poor villages; to 
100 poor housholders a cow, and 135. 4d. 
each, with three ewes; for the marriage of 

Eior maidens of good conversation, 1002. 
oes modem philanthrophy, with its high 
pretensions, go beyond this bequest ? It is 
worthy observation, how great a dispropor- 
tion existed between the fortunes of elder 
sons, or heirs female, and the youuger 
knneiies of noble femilie8.-«Thoma8, Mar- 
quis of Dorset, gives his daughters 1 ,000Z. 
each, for their marriage portion, (in 'l 505,) 
and a few years after Thomas, Duke of 
Norfolk, 3001. only." 

<* It is acertaioed by wills, that the ladies 
of quality, who borrowed money of each 
other, left with their creditor a jewel or 
gold ornament of equal value." Pp. vi. — 


Mr. Dallaway proceeds to observe, 
that legal prolixity in wills ensued in 
the sixteenth century. Plate was, in 
the greater part, settled in families, as 
a heir-Iocm, and beds rarely bequeatli- 
cd, except to married daughters. But 
the most striking feature in all these 
wills is, we say again, the anxiety to 
take care of the good condition of 
Churches. It was not until the devil 
reigned in England, under the name 
of Henry VIII. that an association of 
fine Architectural Church-Embellish- 
ment with Popery was inculcated into 
the minds of the lower orders. It was 
not sufficient to destroy the Puppets 
and the machinery, but the very room 
in which the show was exhibited must 
be knocked to pieces! But what is 
there more grateful to the eye of the 
roao of sentiment, philanthropy, and 
religion, than a Church ? Travel over 
the couDtry, every tower that rises be- 
tween the trees is a hieroglyphic of the 

word God. Look idl around. He im* 
here^ he is there, he is every where.— 
Humble as may be the temple, it is in 
harmony with the nnpolished man- 
ners of the peasantry. It is venerable ; 
it is a Church; not an unmeaning 
public room, with |)ews and a pulpit. 
Substitute modern Grecian Architec-^ 
tecture: it is too gay. Remember. 
God, and remember death, is the awe- 
ful impression which every man ought 
to feel at first entrance into a Church. * 
It is the best, the only sound prepara- 
tion for devotional feeling, for that 
pure and holy communication with 
the Almighty, which is dictated by; 
the perfect and all-blessed religion of 
the Cross. Now, it is merely lookine 
up to the dramatic talents or enthusi- 
asm of the preacher. A display of 
point and epigram ; frothy declamation 
about the merits of the atonement; 
and apostrophe without genius, cha- 
racterize the jargon with which po- 
J)ular preachers endeavour to excite re- 
igious feeling. Protestants as we are, 
and zealous Protestants too, we solemn** 
ly believe that the cross over the altar 
(the only retention of the figures of 
Popery, of which we approve,) had a 
most proper and congruous effect upon 
the minds of our ancestors. Wnen 
kneeling at the Holy Communion, 
what symbol could be more appropri- 
ate ? We think that it was a serious 
misfortune to remove it, and that it 
had more effect than any effort of 
even sublime eloquence. If our an- 
cestors were Papists, they were pious 
men also, and woe was to him who 
n^utilated the mansions of theii- God ! 
Talk of intellectual refinement for- 
sooth, and treat the Temples of the 
Most High as if they were barns and 
stables! Contemptible Philosophers, 
in truth : such pretended oracles 
are mere puppets. Is there a sight 
under Heaven more slorious in the 
view of reason and wisdom, than to 
behold large bodies of the lords of the 
earth kneeling in humble submission, 
and imploring those blessings, which 
He ** in whom they live and move and 
have their being," can alone bestow? 
Can men be made wiser and better 
without Him? Can they be pa- 
tient under misery, and resigned in 
death, without Him? Our ancestors 
thought not; and erroneous as were 
the modes, they glorified God in their 
hearts, without the excitement of ac- 
tors in gowns and surplices, perform* 
ing in large naked rooms. 

( To le continued.) 

44 BMYtkv^^^^BenM^^n Skitchi$0fC9rmta. [Jan. 

t. Aketchn <f (hrsiea, ^c. ftV. ; cr a ttmaag other eurlositfoi nWcU thit Nsi^oicr 

Journal torUten during a f^t to that oosCaiiu is a little caimfm» that was tbe ^ 

JaUmd in IQiB, f^t an Outline of its v(write plaything of Boonaqpane's childhood. 

Hiitory, and Specimens ^ the Lan- It weight, acc©rdiiigtoM.JoJydeVanfeigaon, 

SMUgc and Poetri/ qf that People, By thirty French pounds. This toy oaBson 

obert Benson, M,A. F,L. S, Longman may have given the first bias to his disposi- 

«nd Co. 1625. ^oa. As Ajaccio was bis bir^-ptaee, to 

tras it the sceae of his first military exploit. 

CORSICA has given birth to two In the yearl798, Bounaparte, ttien Chef 

men who, however different in degrees de Bataiilon of National Gtiefds, was seat 

of military talents, and widely differ- from Bastia to surprise Ajaccio, at that time 

itift in the application of them, have in possession of the Corsican Rebels. Leav- 

fixcd a celd)rity on a country other- % *^'«,^'^ i"*.'*^!^** he had entered the 

wiK of no great importance in Euro- 2.1? * ^ ^^I^'^''*^^ put off to 

pcan History. Of Pascal Paoli it has ^« possession of the l^crre A Cap,ieIlo, a 

t 'J "^ .u -:♦.. tower on the opposite side wennr facinr 

^en said, ati no mean auihonty, ^ .^ No «iSer w« this poini cam^, 

** that he wjis one of those men wlio ^^^ ^^^„^ ^^ ^ ^^/^ ^^i^^, ^. 

are no longer to be found but m the j^red it impossible to return to the frigate. 

Mves of Plutarch r and of Napoleon h. ^ag forced, therefore, to fortify himself 

BaOnaparte, who feels himself compc- «^inst the insisr^nts, Hfho sssalled him on 

tetx: to speak ? The attachment of oil sides ; a state of great danger ensaed, 

Paoli to his country was manifested, emri <he was ledueed even to feed on horse 

W^en living, by a patriotic devotion to Aosb ; whilst in this conditioo, he is said to 

hwr interests ; and he bequeathed her ^«ve haraagxicd the Rebels in tSiat strain of 

a proof of his generous affection for her emphaticd eloquence which prevails among 

intellectual advancement at his death. ^ Corsicans, and to have aueceeded in gain- 

Buonaparte, on the contrary, we are ^^J^T^^^L f '**? ^P°«»*f 1*!*^: ^" ***• 

told, seems almost to have 'forgotten £^±1*^..^ "^'^^^'^T*!^ 

*^ 1 r !-• L' .u u r *r I he sittemptcd to blow It wa. without 

the place of his birth, wherefore he The fosilres, stiN appere^ 1b the u 
wi^ never popular m Corsica, nor is 
his memory cherished there." 

.The object of Mr. Benson *-8 visit to 
Corsica was of a public nature ; hav- 
ing been appointed one of the Com- 

miseioners tor carrying into effect the good translator of English^ was in t^e corn- 
bequests of General Paoli. His op- pany of Bounaparte, when a host of flatt^r- 
portunities of acquiring information ers were paying him the most fulsome corn- 
Were accordingly great ; and he has pli'«»«nt». < How is it, M. Mercier,' tiud 
availed himself of them in a way most N^polej»» * that I have nothing from you.* 
creditable to his good sense, and which *,^'J**' answered Mercier, « the incense 
evinces a soundness of judgment that SJ^*"®"' *V* *^*** *^^*»'« ^^<^1» »' ^«J":' 
haa rarely been equalled. ^^." ^'^•"e \? *«• '^^^^ ^ V^^ ^'"i^ 

The work is divided into three sec- f'^»°^ comphmenu to the Emptor. 

^1 £ ^ « ., ^t Yours, btr, IS not even Mieeaae: It urestm 

tions; the first describes the scenery Pa«e 38. *«v «w,i. «,»■., 

of the Country, with the manners and 

customs of the inhabitants; the second We are favoured with an Epitome 

treats of its politk^al history ; and the of Corsica, which contains more in 

third is devoted to the language and two well-written pages, than an ordi- 

Soetry of the Island. We shall en- nary Voyageur, whose ambition is to, 

eavour to give a few extracts from write a book, would give us in a vo- 

each section of the volume. lume. 

** Oct. 25. — We strolled about Ajaccio ; 
the ceneral plan of the town is very simple ; 
one broad street leads from the sea to the 
Barracks ; an,other nearly as wlde^ but much 
shorter, cuts the former at right augles ; — 
besides these, there are many subordinate 
vtreets, extremely narrow and dirty." 

** The house in which Napoleon Buona* 
parta was bom, is amoo^ the best in the 
town ; it forms one side of a miseraMe little 
Court, leading oot of the Rue Charlea :— 

fissures, atiN apparent in the tower, are 
attributable to lliat attempt." Pp. 8 — 5. 

The following aoecdofee, we believe, 
is new. 

M. Meroler, a Titerary character, and a 

*' Corsica, with the exception ofi2ie< 
em coast, reaching from Bastia to SoKnaan^ 
and from which the sea is gradoallj reced- 
ing, consists of a mass of moimtains. In the 
midst of these are two conspicuova ridges-; 
(me traversing the country from Northto 
South, and the other Arom East to West. 
The loftiest mountains are Monte Rotoodo, 
Monte de Oro, and Monte-CintOy sometimeM 
oaUed Pic di Niolo. According to IQ. 
Arago» the iint of thaee m 9091.891 4bH 

ik»f« tlw Mft * i mki Mf^m Pthfft fi^ed ^Hormiaed (0 koMk tt ihe boute cfhis •&.- 

655r.S^ feet t. The fli«iQo»i|a of «tf thes* tipgODUt,, Rocco, tl>e ehUf of the funii^, 

mounuias of gnoitB are rqeky Mui ba^«inf A fierviuLt yppearty VGo,' wd be t» ber» 

whilst the pei|>eiidiciilar fimure? iQtQ which ' tell yixir master tlint Polo wishe» to ypcdk 

thej are splH, dii|>Ujr, io a striking manner, with him ! * At this n^roe, so dreaded hj 

the decooQ position daj\j taking place in the all the familvy the servant trembled wi(j^. 

hardest substances of nature. From their horror. At length Rocco presented him- 

tides \s8ue numerous beautiful cascades, self; and with a calm look, and unfalteriiMr 

which Tush down with astonishing velocity voice, asked Polo what he wanted of him at 

among the wiJd v^etation with which the such an hour. * Hospitality,' Polo aq- 

bases of the mountains are clothed, and fer- swered % addmg> ' I know that many of your 

lilize the vtttlies below. The highest moun- household are concealed in my road home- 

taios ^e birth to the chief rivers, or rather ward, £Dr the purpose of taking my lifb ; thp 

torrents. Thus the Tavignano and Liamone weather is ifrightAil ; and I know not how 

low firavn t^e Lake Nino, that occurs at to avoid death, unless you afford me, for 

about two^ihirtls of the Wight of Monte this night, an aeylocn.' * You are welcome,* 

Eotoodo, and the Oolo originates in a simi- replied Ruoco : < you do me justice, and I 

Isr maiiaer firom the Lake Creno. Like thaak y«u/ Then, taking him by the iHind, 

other mottntataous countt'ies, Corsica is ex- Roceo presented him to hie family, who 

ceedingly picturesque ; indeed, man has left gave him « oold aJthongh a courteous recepi* 

10 few traces of his industry in the Island, tion. After supper Polo was eondueted to 

that the painter, who shrinks at the sight of his chamber. * Sleep in peace,' said his 

cultivated Belds and £ower gardens, may host, ' vou are here under the protection iA 

here revel undisturbed amidst wild and ma- honour. On the following nMNming, iifter 

jestic scenes. To the agriculturist who break&st, Roeoo, inell knowing that bis 

estimates a district by its production, to the emissaries were watching f^r Polo, conducted 

man who looks at a river with a view to in- his guest to a torre«it, beyond which he 

kmd navigation, and to the effeminate tra- might securely proceed* They here paiit^$ 

▼eller, who judges of a country by the and Rocco added^ as he. hadjB^ls companion 

^oslftiesof its roads and hotels, the rugged adieu ; — ' In recelvii^A'ou into my house, \ 

mounUuns, the rich hot neglected valleys, have done my duty. Vou would ha^ve sa^^ 

the boisterons tonrents, and the trackless my life under similar ciicumetances ^ heiw 

forests of Corsica, would afford no gratifiea- then end the rights of hospitality. jYou 

eation ; — but to him who can associate and have insulted me, and my ho&tUity has for » 

slmoet indentify himself with nature, tlie time been suspended j .hut it revives on om 

Island offers « ueat of no ordinary kind.** — parting ; and 1 now declare to you agawi. 

Pp. 34, 36. that I seek for revenge. Escape me if y«tt 

„ . ,.^ , , , , can ; as I, on my part, shall be OB my watch 

Hospitality has been asserted to be against you.' * Listen,' replied PoJo; ' my 
peculiarly ibe virtue of savage kfe. Is heart is overwhelmed, and my anger is ex- 
Corsica the duly of hospital! ly, to 2^\ tinguished. Follow y our projects of .revenge^ 
who may require it, is carried to a ifyooi choose; hut, for me, 1 will never 
romantic extent ; e. g. stain my hands with the hlood of one to 

whom 1 owe my life. I have offended you, 

<* The fiimilies of Polo and of Rocco had you say; — well, forget it, and let us be 

long entertained a violent hatred towards friends.' Rocco paused for a moment, ftm- 

each other. The former resided in the vil» braced his enemy, and a reconciliation en- 

Isge of Tosa ; the latter at Orbellam. Im- sued, which, extending itself to the two fa- 

porunt business called the chief of the fa- milieu, they lived afterwards on the beet 

milyofPolo into the neighbourhood of Or- terms imaginable." Pp. 47— 50. 
bellara ; and, as he left his house suddenly, ^ , 

he conceived his rivals would not be aware ^}^^\ anecdotes of equal interest, 

of his journey. When about to return home- elucidating, in the most forcible w.ay, 

ward, he learnt that emissaries of Rocco ^\^^ national characteristics of the Cor- 

were lying in ambuscade to attack him. sican, are given with the same power-Qf 

The day was on the decline, and darkness narrative which marks the preceding 

soon surrounded him ; whilst one of th(»se sketch ; but we mikit hasten on to the 

dreadful tempests arose, which are not unfre- second section. 

<}nent io the South of Europe. Polo knew Here again we have the political 

not which way to direct his steps ; each mo- history of Corsica ably condensed : e«- 

nenthe expected to findhimselfm the midst hibiting the researches of the scholar 

of h.., to whom the flashes of ^^j the fidelity of the historian. Mr! 

ngntmng were so hkely to discover him. — ««..„^„ ««»:«r««*^,-i . • • 

Ihnger %hus b«ietting him on ^11 sides, he ^^'^ «*^.f ^^^^^[''y.^O'-'^cts a mistake 

_____^ ® . ^osvvell, who identifies Corsica 

with Callista, but his rt-asoning 

•2762 metres. +2000 metres. is too long for extract. After some 


Rbtiiw.— Benson's Sketchet of Corsica. 


freliminary remarks on the ancient 
istory of the place, he brings us 
to the last century, pregnant witn the 
convulsions that have agitated Corsica. 
The sanguinary war that ensued be- 
tween the Genoese and the Corsicans, 
are detailed in animated language, ex- 
hibiting the devotion of a whole Is- 
land to the cause of their country.— 
But the sympathy of Europe was in 
favour of their opponents ; and 

'* The CorsicaxiB were indulging in melan- 
choly reflections, when a friendly vessel ar- 
rived on their shore provided with all that 
was immediately requisite to carry on the 
war.— A personage of noble and war-like ap- 
pearance landed, possessing all those out- 
ward qualificatioBS that command the re- 
spect of mankind. This was Theodore de 
Neuhpfff whose life partakes more of the 
character of romance, than of the sober te- 
alities of History." P. 87. 

Theodore was received with super- 
stitious reverence ; and his arrival was 
considered a mark of the interest Hea- 
ven took in the liberty of the Corsi- 
cans ; and he was recognised as a King. 
« At the commencement of his reign, 
Theodore told the Corsicans, that he had 
been promised succour from the Continent, 
tad condescended to employ various artifices 
to keep alive that expectation: — his new 
subjects, however, were too penetratmg a 
people to be long deceived) and titer eight 
months ungratified anxiety, the Corsicans 
began to cool in their attachment. He, 
therefore, left the Island imder the pretext 
that he would be the personal bearer of as- 
sistance to them. The departure of Theo- 
dore may, in hctt be considered as the ter- 
mination of his reign, and the close of his 
political existence *. ' Pp. 88, 89. 

We are carried on by the same Mas- 
ter hand through the various unsuc- 
cessful struggles of this brave but un- 
fortunate people for their liberty, to 
the commencement of the French Re- 
volution, when their hopes seemed to 
revive ; and the virtuous Paoli emerg- 
ed from his retirement in England for 
another attempt in behalf of his coun- 

*' They looked forward with confidence to 
times of great prosperity ; and little thought 
that the beautiful fabric which now for a 
moment glittered in the sun, was so soon 
to &11 by the might of the tempest." 

After various fluctuations of fortune, 
and a prey to internal divisions — in mi- 
litary possession of the English, with a 
powerful French faction in the coun- 
try — Paoli was recalled by the British 
Government ; and the Viceroy, Sir 
Gilbert Elliot, being unequal to the 
management of a people whom he had 
made no attempt to conciliate, the 
English embarked for Porto Ferrajo ; 
leaving the Corsicans once more a 
prey to French invasion. 

** Corsica at present may be considered to 
be in a state of advancement. For the 
French Government has lately had leisure to 
direct its thoughts tovrards the condition of 
the Islanders ; and its efforts to instruct them 
have been amply repaid by their visible ge- 
neral improvement. The sun and sword 
system, pursued for nearly half a century, 
failed in every instance; for the Corsican 
can be led to obedience, but will not be 
driven to it ; whilst the eagerness displayed 
by the people to learn, is only •quailed by 
their almost religious?respect for those who 
are entrusted with the holy charge of their 
education. Too often do the Corsicans re- 

* Boswell, in his History of Corsica, gives the following account of the last daysof this 
extraordinary man. 

" They, indeed, are sensible, that his wretched fate [has thrown a sort of ridlcide on 
the nation, since their King was confined in a jail at London, which was actually the 
case of poor Theodore, who, after exi)eriencing the most extraordinary vicissitudes of 
fortune, chose to end his days in our Island of ^liberty ; but was reduced to the wretched 
state of a prisoner for debt. 

« Walpole generously exerted himself for Theodore. He wrote a the World, 
with great elegance and humour, soliciting a contribution fur^the^Monarch in distressi to 
be paid to Mr. Robert Dodsley, bookseller, as Lord High Treasurer. This broiicbt him 
a very handsome sum. He was allowed to get out of prison. Mr. Walpole has the 
original deed bywhich Theodore made over the Kingdom of .Corsica, in aecurity to his 
creditors. He has also the great seal of the Kingdom. 

** He died very soon after he got out of prison, and was buried^in St. Anne*8 Church- 
yard, Westminster; where a simple unadorned monument is erected to him^.with 
the following inscription :— 

<< Near this place is interred Theodore, King of Corsica ; who died in this 'parish, 
Dec. 11, 1756; immediately after leaving the King's Bench Prison, by the benefit of 
the Act of Insolvency ; in consequence of which, he registered his Kingdom of t 
for the use of his creditors. 

The Grave, great tether ! to a level brings J 

Heroes and becgars, galley-slaves and kings ; 

But Theodore this moral learn'd*ere*dead ; 

Fate pour'd its lesson' on hb living head, 

Bestow'd a kingdom^ and denied him bread." 


HiviBW.— Nichols's Progresses ofJitmes L 


bel agmiast the French judicial and military 
aotboriliet of the Island; but the amiable 
director of public instruction traverses the 
wiJdests districto of Corsica alone ; because 
the functions of his office clothe him with 
protection against every injury. On the mind 
then, of the Corjican, do the French now 
begin to ground their plans of improvement." 
Pp. 145, 1«6. 

The Corsican language is stated by 
Mr. B. to be a corrupt Italian. Bos- 
welJ has ternaed ii remarkably good 
Italian, tinctured a little with some 
remains oF the dialect of barbarous 
naiions, and with a few Genoese cor- 
niptions, but much purer than in many 
of the Italian States :— this latter praise 
it may deserve, without meriting 
the title of good Italian. Mr. Benson's 
account of it, we have no doubt, is the 
correct one. Like the Italians top, the 
'Corsicans are great improvisatori. 

We shall conclude our notice of this 
very interesting volume, with an ex- 
tract from an imitation of the lattei; 
lines of Lord Byron's Bride of Abydos 
from the pen of M. Viale, a Corsican. 
<< I^ce a] too spirito doloroso, pace 
Alia tua tomba verginal ! Felice, 
Che degli anni sul fior, sola una stilla 
Al calice attingesti atro e profondo 
Dell' umane miserie ! II prime instante 
Del too penar, fii di tua vita estremo. 

Ira del ciel sopra il tuo capo piombiy 
Tu^nno, infuria in tuo dolor, le infami 
Regali bende, or vano fregio, squarcla. 
Mordi pur, mordi Tesecrata destra 
Onde cadeo Selimo e Abdalla ; strappa 
Del crin, del mento la canizie indigna \ 
L'orgogVio del tuo cor, Teletta sposa 
Del tuo signor, raggio di sperae ai foschi 
Tnoj di cadenti, la tua figlia ^ spenta. 
L'astro gentil, che perTodrisio cielo 
Ridea si vago, ahi ! tenebrossi I il sangue 
Che tu vcrsasti, o rfe furente, estinse 
Nel ftuo mattin quell' amorosaluce." 

Pp. 142, 143. 

3. Nichols's Progresses of Jsunes the First, 

Fblume I. 

(CorUinuedfrom vol. xcv. part il. p. 523.) 

THE following curious portrait of 
James is drawn by Dalzel, a contem- 
porar)', in his ** Fragments of Scottish 
History.'' ** He was of a middle sta- 
ture, more corpulent through his 
cloihcs, than in his body ; yett fit 
enough, his clothing being made large 
and easie, y« doubleits quilted for 
iteUcU (stillettoes), his breeches in 
great plaits, and fuH stuffed. He was 
naturalie of a timorous disposition^ 

wich wa3 ye gretest reason of his 
quilted doubletts. His eyes large> and 
ever roulling after any stranger that 
came in his presence, in so much as 
many for shame have left the room, 
as being out of countenance. His 
beard was very thin; his tonsue too 
large for his mouth, wich maue him 
drinke very uncomlie^ as if eating his 
drinke, wich came oute into the q\x^ 
on each side of his mouthe. His skin 
was als soft as tafta sarsnet, wich felt 
so, because he never washt his hands, 
onlie rubbed his fingers' ends slightly 
with the wett end of a napkin. His 
legs were verey weake, having had, as 
was thought, sbme foule play in hit 
youthe, or rather before he was bon[ie^ 
[Mary's fright, when Rezzio was mur- 
dered] y( he was not able to sfande 
at seven yeres of age. This weakness 
made him evir leaning on other men's 

James was a blue-stocking of the 
male sex. All his moral and intellec- 
tual qualities were of feminine cha- 
racter. His tenacity of power was 
that of a Dame Partlet; — his fear of 
war, that of ".not meddling with guns> 
lest they should go off;" — his obstinacy 
in argumeillative points, the "make 
me believe it, if you can ;*' his abso- 
lute requisitions, "The Matron and 
her Maids ;*' his frolicks with his fa- 
vourites, " petting lapdogs ;" in short, 
there was not one feature of manli- 
ness in authority, no strength of cha- 
racter, and no dignity. 

But James was not a fool, under- 
standing by the term imbecility of 
mind. Peclantry was the vice of the 
age ; and the work before us abounds 
with proofs of that bad taste. On 
the contrary, there was a great shrewd- 
ness and acumen in many /of his re- 
marks. James treated the Kingdom, 
as a wife does her husband, **I must 
govern him, and I must live with 
him. As to his affairs, if they are 
not conducted in the wisest manner, 
what is that to the two grand objects 
which alone compose my desires, my 
own way, dnd no trouble." — The in- 
tellect of James was, however, ably 
hot-bedded by Buchanan ; his pedan- 
try was in character with the age; his 
elourderie was the joint result of the 
habits in which he had been educated 
and had lived. 

A spoiled child, he indulged in 
ebullitions of petulance, and found 
his crying -fitis end in misery, and a 

Rtfvitw.-^Nicbdte'd Pfagfe$9€s afjamm f. 


Mfise of hii deperK**nce. A feal So- 
vefcigft draws cip on Mrimis pomts, 
feels hit conseofience Und that of th« 
nation \thoiii ne governs; consults, 
i^s«yWe», and commands ; but James's 
pnK:ti<re was, to ** show arifs, kiss, and 
make it up.^ A wiaie man quarrels 
only to obtain redress j in fact, never 
quarrels at all but when hnportant in- 
terests are at stake. Enough, liow« 
ever, of this. James was a Stuart : 
he spoiled all the wise policy of EK- 
«abeth ; Charles the First drew on a 
Civil Wa*i Charles the Second de- 
tnoralized the nation ; James the Se- 
tfond poperied them ; and all together, 
by the blessing of Providence, blon- 
dercd us itito a dynasty, under which 
improvement, constitutional and na^ 
tional, has made the most rapid pro^ 

The volumes before us have, how- 
ever, a more pleasant and philosophi- 
eal aspect, than the stranj^ drama of 
••Government, a serious farce, com- 
posed by his Majesty, and performed 
Dy his Majesty's servants, Car, Buck- 
ingham, &c.'* Tht7 contain curious 
illustrations of the manners of the 
times; they show the last days of 
nature and simplicity ; the Grraces 
attired in hoop- petti coats, and fardin- 
dales, and perukes; they show Intel- 
lect always walking in a strutt; and 
Learning mimicking the ostentation 
of writing-masters, m flourishes and 
initials; and Loyalty, mere heartless 
flattery, etiquette, compliment, and 

We must, hcnrever, proceed in onr 
examination of the contents of King 
James*s Progresses. 

"The Triie Narration of the En- 
tertainment of his Royal Majestic from 
the time of his Departure from Eden- 
brough till his Receitinj at London,'' 
ii a scarce tract, the original of which 
has produced at a sale 4/. \0s. Herein 
we find the King, when on the walls 
ofBerwick, notwithstanding his known 
cowardice, making a shot himself 
out of a cannon ; riding 37 miles, 
though, ** according to the Northern 
phrase, a wey-bit longer than they be 
in the South, * in less than four hours; 
and the same day at Widdrington, wKh 
his u?ual fondness for field sports, not- 
withstanding ** his great journey, rrot 
able to forbear pursuing the fine deer 
be saw in the park, of which he slew 
i%vO." Upon his arrivid at Durham he 


was Irighly deHgWted wieh " the tnerrie 
and wefl-seasoned jests of the Bishop," 
Dr. Toby Matthew. Pun and quibble 
were then in high vogue, and no pre- 
ferment to be expected by those who 
were not proficients in triat kind of 
wit. The best-approved ^rmons were 
a tissue of quibble. Bishop Andrews 
was James*s favourite preacher ; and, 
in the Part just published, under the 
date 1 609- to, we perceive an excellent 
specimen of his style. Easter-day hap- 
pening to fall on what was commonly 
called "the King's day," that is, the 
anniversary of his Accession, the Bi- 
-shop takes the opportunity of showing 
how, " in the third sense, his Majes- 
tic" had become 'Mhe Head of the 
corner 1" . 

On his route to W^^^^rth the King 
"sat himself down on the high grounds 
above Houghton -le-side on a spot 
which,'* remarks the Historian of Dur- 
ham, "has retained from the Royal 
eniregambaison the name of Cross- 
legs ;** and near Blyth, according to 
the old author, "he sat down on a 
hanke-side to eate and drinke a short 

When his Majesty was at York, he 
walked after dinner into the garden of 
the Palace, and received visits from 
the neighbouring Gentlemen, "'whose 
commendations he received from ho- 
nourable persons, and beheld honour 
charactered in their faces. For this 
is one especiall note in hit Majestie; 
any man that hath ought with him, 
let him be sure he have a just cause, 
for he beholdes all men's (aces with 
stedfasinesse, and comMonly the looke 
is the window for the heart.'' P. 82. 
This is an echo to what Dabd taiyt in 
the character which cofiatitmcm tHir 

At Doncaster his Majesty took "up 
his quarters all night at the Bear Inn, 
and gave the host, " for his good en- 
tertainment, a lease of a manor-house 
in reversion of good value." At Work- 
sop he was entertained with hooting 
and " soule-ravrshing mnsique,** and 
with such a plemiful breakfast, that 
when it was over, " there was soch a 
store of provision ltd, of foule, fish, 
and almost every thing, besides bread, 
beere, and wine, that it was left open 
for any man that would come and 

At Newark, James hmig a cot* 
parse without trial, an act which, at 


Rbvibw.— 'NichoWa Progrniet cfJamei I. 


Mr. MicIm^ r^ixiai^s/ has been re- 
peatedly, censured. Carte fvol. iii. p. 
709) explains it in this manner 1 

*' As CBloniet committed wlthiQ the verge 
«f the Court are cognbable [see StatutCi 
S3 Hen. Vni. c I.] in the Court of the 
JGng's Himaehold, and the processes against 
.such offenden must he finished before his 
Ma|estj's lemoval^ the msn was convicted 
before the OfBeers of the Household, and 
execoted immediatelj." 

In the sanie manner in Julj, t823> 
the Coroner's Jury, on a sentinel who 
committed suicide at Windsor Castle, 
was composed of the Royal Houshold. 

When the Royal Sportsman was on 
his road to Burleigh, train-scents, live 
hares in baskets, and hounds were pro- 
vided, that he might hunt upon the 
road. Upon the heath (supposed to 
beEmpiogton Heath), a hundred men, 
I' all ^oins upon high stilts," and look<i> 
ing like Fata^oues, presented a peti« 
tioa to him against Lady Hatton, wliose 
second husband was that great legal 
Luminary, ^ir Edward Coke. 

At Sir Anthony Mild may's the ban- 
quet was the more delicate and beau* 
teoos, because <' the Lady of the House 
was one of the most excellent Con fee- 
tionert in England,'^ though in those 
days, adds ihe writer, ''many honour- 
able women were very expert." 

At Godmanchester, James was pre- 
•eoted "with three-score and ten teeme 
of horse all traced, and two faire new 
ploughs, in shew of their husbandries' 
the reason of which was, partly be- 
cause they held their land by that 
tenure, pertly because they wished to 
show that they were good husband- 
men, and partly that "his Highnesse, 
when he knew well the wrong, might 
take order for those, as her Majestie 
[Elizabeth] began, that turne plough 
land to pasturage; and where many 
good husbandmen dwelt, left nothing 
but a good house, without fire ; the 
Lord commonly at sojourne neere Lon- 
don; and for the husbandmen and 
ploughs, he only maintains a sheep»> 
heard and his dog.'* Pp.103, 104. 
The Commons rose against Inclo- 
mres, i.e. the conversion of arable into 
pasture, in the reigh of Henry VII. 
and here one reason appears why they 
rebelled, viz. because it occasioned the 
Gentry to desert their coontry-seats. 

Upon James's arrival at the Tower, 
we hod that there were at t))at time 
•• ordinance on the Whiie Tower (com- 

GtKT, Mag, -Januctn/y XS96. 

inonly called Julius Ciftfar^s Tovoreyi 
being in number twenty peice», is, with 
the great ordinance on Towre-wharfe, 
being in number 100, and chalmers to 
the number 130, discharged and shot 
off." Thus the Tower was like a por- 

When the Lieutenant presented the 
Keys to the King, his Majesty "tak- 
ing him about the necke, re-delivered 
them again.'* » 

Further in the volume we have a 
Latin "Oration Gratulatory, presented 
when his Majesty entered the Tower 
of London to performe the residue of 
the solemnities of his C/oronation 
thfoup;h the Citie of London, deferred 
by reason of the Plague." This was 
composed by the Chaplain, the Rev. . 
William Hubbocke. The language is 
good, the matter superior to that of 
many similar productions, and it is ac- 
companied with an English transla- 
tion by the author. It is printed from 
an umque original in the Bodleian Li« 

(To he continued,) 

4* The Works ^ James Anainras, D.D,' 
formerly Professor of Divinity in the Wit- 
versity (f Leyden, Translated from the 
Latin: — to which are added, Brandt 9 
Life qf the Author, with considerable Aug* 

. mentations ; numerous Extracts from hit 
private Letters;. a copious and authentia 
Account qf the Synod of Dort, and its Pro*. 
ceedings; and several interesting Notices qf 
the Progress of his Theological Opinions in 
Great Britain, and on the Conlirieni, By 
James Nichols, Author qf Calvinism 
and Armirdanism compared in their Prinr 
ciples and Tendency. FbL J, 8w. Pp, 70^, 

IT is reasonable to Suppose, that 
when men were imbued with the sub- 
tle Spirit of tlie scholastic mode of dis- 
quisition, and the Reformation had 
thrown the field of Divinity open, that 
ecclesiastical gladiators would engage 
in Polemicks, with an argumentative 
skill, and logical precision, not to be 
found in writings of the present day. 
But this disputatious ability would na-' 
tnrally lead them to the discussion of 
topics, concerning which, in the judg- 
ment of unbiassed Theologians and" 
Philosophers, it is far better to be 
humble, than to dogmatize. However ' 
into this error they fell j for what is 
the natural end of argument, but a 
conclusion deduced from it; and yet, 
such may be the subject, the conclu* • 
sion may be assuredly unsound. Ii^to 



Rmnmw.^^Worki of Arminim. 


thU error of dogmatizing too far, both 
Calvin and Arminius, among the rest, 
appear to have fallen. Then follows 
the civil evil. Both systems are main- 
tained with pertinacity. And passion 
and violence, and often persecution 
follow. Now all this grows out of one 
simple fact; that men, as men, will 
lay down the law, the what, the why, 
and the wherefore, of thinss, which 
men, as men, were never formed to 

James Herman, (who according to 
the fashion of the day, assumed the 
Latin name of Arminius, as nearest, 
in sound, to his own,) was the son of 
a cutler, at Oudewater, in Holland, and 
born in 1560. Losing his father 
while an infant he was educated, from 
respect for his talents, by Theodore 
Emilius, a Clergyman, resident in hit 
native town, and a conscientious ab- 
horrent of Popery. He impressed on 
the able and empassioned boy a strong 
feeling of piety, and ardent thirst for 
theology. When Arminius had at- 
tained his fifteenth year, this patron 
died. Another patron, Rodolph Snel- 
lius, also a native of Oudewater, took 
the destitute youth into Hessia.— 
Scarcely was Arminius comfortably 
settled, when he received the horrid 
news, that the Spaniards had taken 
Oudewater, and destroyed the town ; 
and that in the storm, '* his mother, 
sister, brother, and other relations, had 
unfortunately perished." He had re- 
solved to revisit Oudewater; but saw 
only, on his arrival, the ground on 
which it had stood. With mournful 
steps he travelled back from Holland 
to Hessia. In the midst of these oc- 
currences, the building of the Univer- 
sity of Leyden was commenced ; and 
as soon as Arminius had heard that it 
was opened for the reception of stu- 
dents, he began to prepare for his re- 
turn to his native land. Here our Bi- 
ographer shall use his own words, be- 
cause two singular facts are communi- 
cated ; one, that Dutch Divines knew 
nothing in youth of Latin ; the other, 
that England was then a School for 
Theological learning. 

« At this period, my excellent father, 
Feter Bertius, discharged the duties of the 
pastoral office to tKe Church of Christ ia 
Rotterdam, and John Taffinus was at the 
same. time French preacher to the Prmce 
£bf Orange] and one of his Council. Both 
oi them were wonderfully pleased with the 
Bait < disposition of young Arminiusj with 

hia sprlghtlinessy pvompi, and ready wit, 
and hia great geidut. My fiitber had not en- 
tered upon the stody of the Latin Language, 
till after he had attained the age of thirty 
years. Being himself a student firom that 
advanced period of life, he readily acceded 
to the wishes of the friends of Arminius, 
who had requested that the vouth might be 
received into my Other's house. Those 
who had prepared for him that temporary 
asylum, intended to place him as a student 
in this New Uuiversi^; — and my frther 
thinking it. an opportunity not ta be neglect- 
ed, recalled me from England, where 1 then 
resided for the purpose of pursuing mj stu- 
dies. We were, therefore, sent off in com- 
pany to Leyden." - Pp. 30, 81. 

Arminius distinguished himself 
above the rest, and if a theme or an 
essay was wanted by his companions, 
he supplied it. In 1582 his attain- 
ments so recommended him to the 
senate of Amsterdam, that they resolv- 
ed to send him to Geneva, for further 
improvement. He there became a great 
admirer of Beza; but from adopting 
the philosophy of Peter Ramus (a great 
opponent of Aristotle,y so offended 
some of the principal men of Geneva, 
that after a short time he was compelled 
to repair to Basle. P. 92. 

Here we shall pause a moment to 
notice another peculiarity. To place 
" old heads on young sbookiers'' is ge- 
nerally deemed an advisable thing, but, 
in our jfudgment, by no maans so with 
regard to the delivery of divinity lec- 
tures in Universities, by raw youths. 
It seems that it was the custom at 
Basle for some of the Undergraduaief 
to deliver public lectures on Theologi- 
cal subjects. Arminius undertook tnb 
ofRce, and by this, and other tokens 
of proficiency, so distinguished himself, 
that the *' Faculty in Theolocy" wish- 
ed to confer noon him, at thepublic 
expense, the title of Doctor. This he 
declined ; 

*' Alledging, at a reason,, that to bestoir 
a Doctor's degree, on a person to youthfol in 
aopearance as he was, woaMtend to diminish 
tne dignity and respeet which ahould always 
attach to that sacred title." 

We all know, that no terms of adu- 
lation upon earth are commeiisorate 
with the vanity of Dutchmen, and if 
they do not see the folly of being called 
** High Mightinesses,^ withoat. pos- 
sessing an atom of political ppwtt, it is 
not to be admired, that those of inn. 
ferior rank were denominated ** noble 
and honourable' penonaget." Up9A 

XB96^ RMTiEWfr^Works of Arminiui. 51 

ibe Jttarn of AnQlDias to Geneva, lectures, bat chose for them the foK 

ipaoj of these ** noble and honourable lowing more appropriate employ- 

personages'' resided at that City, and , ^ , , , , , , », . 

sent their sons to Arminius for educa- '* Scarcely had he entered the Umveraitjr, 

lion. Some of these young people de- T ° • * f T'T t*"' ^}'\^'''r'^ **»" 

Darted on a tour through ml v and it <»®ot» »»^olved themselves m the intncacies 

P«_ ^ g^ * ^rr I--'* .. of disputations and controversies, and that 

bemg at Geneva a sort of fashion so to ^j ^^ ^,„„^ ^^^ 3,^^^,, ^^ ^.rtaln 

do, Armmius and a friend set off for ^J^^ theorems, and difficalt problems. 

that country also ; carrying about with » After conferring with his colleagues, he en- 

them, for their exercise in godliness, deavoured to correct this evil; and succeed- 

a Greek Testament, and Hebrew ed in a great degree. For he recalled that 

Psalter.'* Though Arminius had, in ancient, masculine, and hardy method of 

fact, the greatest abhorrence of " the study; and, as far as possible, ,he withdrew 

beast,*' (as the Romish Church is cal- these erractic candidates for holy orders from 

led, p. 27,) yet he was slanderously *^eir wanderings, and brouglit them back to 

represented to the "most honourable the fountains of salvation ; those pure foun- 

the senate of Amsterdam/' as having taiM^hose pellucid streams refuse to flow m 

kissed the Pope's toe, become ac! T^^l *^^"°?% His object m this was, 

^^^i^^.^ -^*u fu^ T •» A tt i^ *"** the search for religion might be com- 

juainted with the Jesuits, and « ab- ^^^^^^ .^ ^j^^ ScriptuTes :-not that reli- 

mred the true and orthodox rehgion. ^^^ ^^nch breathes forth charity, which 

On leaving Ilaly he settled in Geneva ; follows after the truth, that U according to 

but was soon afterwards recalled to godUness, by which young men learn to fUe 

Amsterdam. A petty persecution fol- youthful lustt ; and by which, after they 

lowed, because he had been- so impru- have completely overcome the alluremenu of 

dent as to make a tour into Italy ; but the flesh, they are taught to avoid « the 

was soon overpowered by the populari"^ pollutions that are in the tuorld; and to da 

Sof his preaching, and his erudition, and suffer those things which distinguish a 

owever, it was his lot soon to get Christain from a Heathen.- He repeatedly 

into a scrape, which has befallen "iculcated on their minds, that docwine 

many othersT Nothing can be more ""^'f °"' ,^^^°"' ^" expressed m these 

self-evident, than that communication "^^'t' T ' ^ffP' V^"" nghteo^ss shall 

■ ^ ' '1 • 1 J' • .• exceed the nght&msness of the Scribes aud 

does not necessarily implv diminution, pj^risees, ye shall in no wise enter iniothi 

stiU less rejection. If Providence, ^ti^^^m of Heaven: " P. 37. 
therefore, chuses to select particular 

agents for the execution of its own Another point which seriously oc- 

especial purposes, and yet promises cupied the attention of i\ rminius was, ' 

eternal happiness to those who do good, the reconciliation of the different 

it is plain, that Predestination and bodies of Christians, as if it was not 

Election are easily to be understood ; just as easy to make all men have the 

and that there is nothing unjust or un- same faces, as to make them have the 

philosophical in the doctrine. Some same minds. All he got by it was 

contemporaries of Arminius thought perpetual misrepresentation, alterca- 

proper, it seems, to promulgate that tion, and annoyances. In the end, his 

persons were predestinatied before they adversaries cried down his reputation, 

were born, and others after they were and ** unremitted labours, continued 

bom. The latter opinion was adopted sitting, perpetual study, and contests' 

by Arminius, and " some persons in which occurred without intermission/' 

Amsterdam would have brought him brought on a disorder that confined 

into trouble on the occasion,' but the him 10 his bed. Often was he heard 

authority of the Senate of Amsterdam to exclaim with the Prophet, *' Woe 

protected him. For fifteen years he is me, my mother, that thou hast home 

officiated at Amsterdam, and was then me; a man of strife, and a man of 

called upon to undertake the professor- contention to the wholef world I 1 have 

ship of Divinity at Leyden. After he neither lent on usury, nor have men lent 

had accepted this office, though with to me on usury ; yet every one of them 

some reluctance, he took the degree of doth curse me. — Jerem. xv. 10.'' . 

Doctor of Divinity. Upon his entrance After excursions to the Hague, where 

into office, lie took a much more ra- his presence had been required, the 

tional step with the Undergraduates, violence of his disorder increased. He 

than the University of Basle. He was assailed at once with feverish af- 

did not put ikem to deliver Divinity fections, a cough, an extension of ihe 

RBTUW.-rCi^eafey'i Hiiioqf tf SUaford. 


vUaU, difficuUy 6f breathing, oupf«i- 
tion after taking food, dittorbed and 
unrefreshing sleep, atrophy, and the 
nsut Such a complication of disorders 
alfowed the sufferer no intermission or 
repose. These complaints were soon 
succeeded by pains in the intestines, 
fcth the ilion and colon, with an ob- 
struction in the optic nerve of the left 
eye, wh«ch produced great dimness. 

Religious ieiids, say Philosophers^ 
are implacable; and Devils dropped 
their foam into his cup of affliction. 

«< During this aUtfining progress of dis* 
orders, the rage of calumny never cetsed, 
and relaxed in no part of its accustomed 
ktrocities. When it was genemlly known that 
his left eye lud become dim« there were 
some persons who had the audacity to reckon 
that circumstance among cliose punishments 
trbich God threatens to inflict on his ene- 
mlefe, and on the impious despisers of bis 
holy name. They alao affirmed, that Ar- 
«iinius had bce«i> above all other men, sin- 
gularly wicked* from the very nature of his 
chastisement. For this they t|Uoted Zecha' 
riah, xll7.; and xiv. 19." 

In the present day, such biitemesi 
can only belong to those who have 
their hearts from Hell, and their un- 
derstandings from Bedlam ; a 6end 
and a lunatic would only utter such 
8ht>cking imprecations. 

Arminius; however, displayed heroic 
firmness. He settled his woraly af&irs ; 
he made his humble and penitent sup- 
plications to the Almighty, and on the 
igthOct. 1606, 

« With his eyes lifted up to Heaven, 
amidst the aaraest prayers of thosa who were 
present ; he calmly rendered up hia spirit 
unto God the Father, his Creator^ to tha 
Son his Redeemer, and to the Holy Ghost, 
has Sanctificr, while each of the spectators 
exclaimed ; ** O, my soul, let me die tha 
death of the righteous." P. 46. 

Thus lived and thus died one of the 
most celebrated Divines ofanyageor 
country ; and it is no comm6n literary 
euriosity, that which is prefixed to this 
account of Bertius. It is a '* dedica- 
tion to the Curators of the University 
of Leyden, and the Magistrates of the 
City, by the Nine Orphan Child- 
KEH OF Arminius,'' the eldest of 
them not eighteen years of age. 

We shall not enter into the doctrines 
of Arminius, Let the enemies of Ar- 
ticles and Creeds well weigh the M-^ 
lowing paragraph written, (or professed 
t» Ve tOi) by these NmrOnPHAirs. 


'* U H not proper to eaqutre, Is ciiai 
p^raotioa a correct ooa^ irhieh has nearly 
proved fatal to Theology, and by which that 
sacred science is most reluetantly forced to 
become scholastic and contenUoos, through 
the disputation of the Professors of Divinity, 
in Universities and Schools ? For in such 
etercises no limits are placed to the eager 
desire implanted in all men to know every 
thing. In this way. Theology is made to 
embrace an immense number of most per- 
plexing Conclusions arising from each otner, 
and placed in a ngular concatenation of mu- 
toal dependence* In what state then must 
practical religion neceasarUy be, which ought 
to be common to the condition of all those, 
whom, by means of it, the ever blessed and 
Almighty God has been pleased to save V* 
Pp. 8, 9. 

What effects did follow such a prac- 
tice, the history of the reign of Charles 
the First sutficiently shows. 

Here we must leave this work. We 
are utterly astonished at the industry 
of Mr. Nichob. He promises to give 
us a complete library on the subject ; 
of course, a work very useful to the 
studenu of Theology and Ecdeaiasitcal 

S. Sketches, iUustratwe qf (he Topogrc^j^ 
and History of fitw and Old SleafonV 
and of several Placet in the surrounding 
Neigidmtrhoodi embeltished tDithEngrav- 
wgs» 8vo. pp. S78. Sleaford, James 
Creaaey.— London, Nichob and Son. 

W£ are trulv glad to see these mi- 
nor works on Topography become »a 
vogue, for, although thev have not 
that body of record whicn alone can 
furnish tne ancient history of persons 
and places, yet they allow room to 
dilate, and often preserve the figures of 
fabricks, in a state of dilapidation, 
which, from the quanti^ of such 
things, cannot be included in those 

fraud works, the Countj[ Histories, 
t may, and often is, a serious literary 
evil, to be obliged to abridge ; for so 
concise are many ancient accounts^ 
that abridgement cannot be limited to 
the structure of a sentence, but be- 
comes absolute omission. Every thin^, 
however, relating to works of this 
kind, as to the modes of compilation* 
is so well known, that it is better to 
treat of the conients« where they are 

« la tha Church of Sleafoid, are two 
open tabemaalet (as oar Author oUls theas) 
over the north and south windoan^ vhidii 
were formerly furnished with two small bells. 

MW.] Rmyti#>"Qite>ityii BWdiy^ ahq^ i k tt 

^imriwt^Mi* t» gIftttotiMM ItfgHtofvbkiiftpMMMItlitliMibyliMriiig 

>ofliMti»0«lMilUyBrfghtMpa la^ tUttdlBg bMide hi tiM lid^auflliM 

•** P. 48. hftvs tin Marittf sad othnr appvopriM* 

0«r A.tho(.peric. tim or Uoekhig feT .^''tS'SS 2lSl."Kl^ 

toaie BidiM have rich can o p iw, 9nd f 

op tile 6b«*<^^<^/ ^53i!!!?'*^ iepMaed Vr UtttnMet nd rich fiiAUt. 

opco to the body or the Cbiireh^ and y^,^ ^ ^ ^^^^^ cowndhj yvj nek 

psrtof the porlpeeliTe of the interior, fofi^** P.f44. 

«« TU <«;^»^Jf«5f^» V"?X Gipttet were much saqpeeted. In 

W«d^ '^ ^???^?* ^*^ •■^ S^ »oine old paruh accoiinUy of the dal* 

ir-lndtorf, iH ifadi m ightto b> optn to^ of J640. WTha^e: 

iTtTli^^ilS^rf^^^^Jli ** Paid Air l«,rf .pd tabMDQ, ihittli^ 

•fcltl Mb biiiv fonwrlj nutf hf mm ^^ ir.»H6. 

iHBitlng OA tht frooid floer/' P. 4». S|Nret» equare at the baae^ and a>« 

The Ylcaf^lxnse of Staford hat ^^ ctoacteriae all the older dais of 

Qfiie end fortined in the fashion of a » p ^qo 

towtfr ; and oof Anthor has the follow. ^^^ ^ ^^^^^ ,„ ^^^ ^ ^ 

mg new remarks, concera accountortheThofolds,of Harmston. 

jimage-houjcs. ^Jit wu b^^ m the ^, j„ 3^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^ S^ 

latter end of the 15th century. ^^^j Thorold, esq. or his father^ was 

•* A ehomistiiiee strOnt as here, whieh ^^^^^ son of Sir Nathaniel Thorold; 

'^*J!!LJ!?*?Si"^*^l?^.fe[ ^^^ Pr«*ably theThoroWs are the 

:ZS::n:^l)^^ ystandent family m tlieCouol, 

TMtBHdofityofeoehiS^ideneet, be^gto- S.^??^'"' ^'°« deswnded from 

wttdTtLiD^s sad waled to te^t for ThoroW, the Saxon Vijecoma. broj 

thie edesAm, bf the ModdentioD, that ^ of t^e frflBpoa. Laf^ Godiva, ef 

thejoalhfroatiiifSafliehChBndisebeiac Co^try eelebrtlT^ 

geaoally Oia ams ofaawaafedi H would Here we sbsU leave thir neat and 

Mtaally ofear to iha baildcn^ thewofy to nsefol work. As there u no History 

leata tbam as opaa aad uaiacvaibarad widi of Linoolnshiie* the Author has great 

obstmelioM as poeaOda; aad H wfll ba credit for having accomulaled so ample 

marafiy fimad, that tha soaih aids of the a stock of flaateriai^ and so 'well ar* 

Cbofch-jard ae booadad by a tahlSe atraat j^Med |hem. The pkles and wood4 

or highway. iHdle the •onh hm. in nine ^^^^ ^ ^^ In general 5 some are of 

'^^'^ZJ^^^ ^'^"^^l^ ^^n"^^ «• rMewla,c^^We«arfotowa«gPopa 

With Laun, and we specify the follow. Alan. (^Ktf«iriab,l^^ 

ing iDstance, not for the biirposc of ^ EagliA V Pq*- ^ ^^ Bkick- 

depreciating the book, which u a good ^j^ i%mo.j^n. 

one, hot bv way of warning. ^pjg g^^;^ g,^, ^^ the kgi. 

. il /*1r'°*- .!.• '""^ timatc successois of the Dniids, ^ut 

John Golden, n this passage : ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ remains ate extant which 

«< Eftfias belktorit jjastantie siqpar a^ c*n be dated before the extinction of 

— atbaiinn, vert. P. isi. ^^ Keltic mythology, or earlier than 

We 6od, from p. lg5, that where the fifth century, l^at period, only 

there were only Chapels, bells were known to roost of the modems by iia 

sometimes hong in oak frames in the political troubles, produced many ]>ue. 

TJlliyeSy to call the people Id worship, tical geniuses ; and though an obsolete 

Tne most curious thing in the to- phraseology, filled with allusions to 

Uiine is, however, a Sepulchre for the the Diuidica] tenets, renders their 

borial of Christ, of most perfect and compositions obscure, there are some 

beaotiful execution, still remaining at of tnem which would not have dis* 

Ueckington, and excellently engraved graced a more enlightened era. 

in ilS44w The excitement which a state of 

The following is the letler-fiiess ac* war Gire, in a divided nation, oflers td 

ooont : ambitioos sinrits, filled the petty king- 

•* TKaSafwIehra, of wMek tbera are oot doms'of Sritain wi^ Balds, who ex-* 

'of alted their patrons into hecoes^and 


RiTiBW^->Blackndl'« MmtoA. 


hostility into patriotism; or ttlmalated 
their chiefs into alternate qoarreb 
with neighbours and invaders. Desti- 
tute of what would now be esteemed 
poetical feeling, or only entitled to it 
for a few pathetic touches, they seem 
to have known' no topic but war, and 
no merit but valour; while their 
scanty allusions to Christianity only 
shew their ignorance of its spirit, they 
appear, with some amiable exceptions, 
to have been little better than privi- 
leged incendiaries. Veracity is their 
pnncipal merit, and as, like Pindar, 
they glean every incident relative to 
their neroes, they afh acknowledged 
to be the best, and almost the only 
historians of contemporary events. 

Yet as these men were the lumina- 
\Ties of a benighted age, they have 
strong claims to our admiration. It 
is at the period which succeeded the 
heresy of Pelagius, and the visit of 
Iltutus, Lupus, and St. Germain, 
when the Saxons were extending along 
the eastern side of the Island, and the 
natives beginning to retire westward, 
that the College of Cado^ flourished 
at Llanfeithin ; and contamed among 
its inmates, to whom it offered either 
society or refuge, Talhaiarn, Gildas, 
and Taliesin. Cado^ has obtained the 
title of Saint, and is remembered as 
having made the first collection of 
British proverbs^ an ethical work, far 
superior to any thin^ in Epictetus or 
Aristotle. Of his disciples, or asso- 
ciates, the first is the reputed author 
of a beautiful prayer, still used in Gla- 
morganshire ; the second, well-known 
for his epistolary complaints, is sup- 
posed to be the same with Aneurin, 
the exiled prince and poet; of the 
third, many productions remain, but 
those on Efphin contain all that is 
valuable as poetry : their topic is gra- 
titude, and their spirit the purest piety. 

Merdhin, a native of Clydesdale, is 
principally known by his ** Orchard," 
a prophetical monody, replete with 
tenderness. The elegies of Llywarch . 
th« Aged, Prince of the Cumbrian 
Britons, are eminently pathetic, and 
his melancholy detail of his own vi- 
cissitudes is calculated more to engage 
the feelings, than the most elaborate 
fiction. The heroic Arthur was am- 
bitious of Literary fame, but his com- 
positions have perished, excepting one 
triplet, which justifies the station as- 
signed him among the useless (or irre- 
gular; Bards. 

These flourished in the dkth oen« 
tory. The principal. poet in the se- 
venth is Golyddan, whose "Great 
Armed Confederacy of Britain" is a 
valuable historical relic. The religi- 
ous effusions of Meigant are also en- 
titled to praise. 

Of the eighth, ninth, tenths an4 
eleventh centuries, few^ 
main. At the commencement of the 
twelfth, the Welsh genius burst forth, 
when roused by the triumphs of.Owen 
Gwynnedd, and nourished by compe« 
tition. The names of Gwalchmai, 
the two Meilyrs, Owen Kyveilioff, 
Cyndhelu, &c. ar^ deservedly fami- 
liar to their countrymen. Of the first 
we shall venture to transgress our li* 
mits by turning a passage, fiom his 
" Delight," pot chosen for denseness^ 
but buoyancy : 

*' A weapon Bwlh as lightning . . 

To guard the brave I wield, , 

And golden streaks are bright'ning . 

The border of my shield. 
All cares to-daj deriding, 

I listen to the song 
Of waters sweetly glidins, 

And aether's tuneful throng. 

*< The thoughts in absence growing 

Are wandering far awaj ; 
As, tow'rds Evymwy going> 

Along the vale I stray. 
The blossom'd trees are shining. 

And gay 's the mantled grove» 
While all appear inclining 

With joy to those they love.'* 

But we love the memory of '' high-* 
born Hoel," and his lyric excellen- 
cies dispose us to think leniently of 
his political vices. His *• Choice** is 
superior to any thing amatory that Eng- 
land had hitherto produced, and for 
simplicity has hardly been rivalled 
since. All doating rhymers inform us 
that their mistresses are fair, but * we 
merely discover in such eulogies that 
they are women : when Hoel tells ns^ 
that his beloved is discreet, and that 
she speaks the purest Welsh, we per^ 
ceive that she is a ladi/, and tacitly 
own that his affections were not mis-^ 

The conquest of Wales deprived her 
Bards of political themes, but by di- 
recting her Literature into more tran- 
quil channels, conduced unquestion- 
ably to its improvement. The' odes 
of Casnodyn on Gwenlliant, and on 
the Trinity, are superior to any thing 
in English before our Chaucerj who 
found a rivals equal in genius, wad 

1896.] Riiirinw^'^Btiidf 9i Varieikt of Literature. 55 

more deganC in langa»sO; in hit con- Mr. Black welFs '* Messiah ** is entitled 

temporary David ab Grwilym. Dur- to a respectable place. Fidelity is its 

ing this sera, the Bards, possessed a characteristic, nor is expectation ercr 

Maecenas in Sir Griffith ab Nicholas, disappointed. As an original poet, he 

ancestor to the noble family of Di- is well-known beyond the Severn, and 

nevor. Owen Glendour, also, who his talents have introduced him to the 

knew their influence, was particularly University of Oxford, which he is 

solicitous to engage them in his cause, truly calculated to adorn. We forbear 

Their meetings, however, were viewed to quote any passages of the Messia, be* 

with a suspicious eye by the govern- cause to most of our readers they would 

roent, who discerned in them a revo- be unintelligible, and the rest are fully 

lutionary character. Under Henry the acquainted with the flattering decision 

Seventh (a descendant of the ancient which occasioned its publication. 

British princes) they were sanctioned While speaking of Bards, let ns 

by royal authority ; and during the not forget the names of Rowland, Da- 

sixteenth century several ^ were held vies, Evans, and Jones (better known 

under the auspices of William Earl by the local appellation of Tegid) . 

of Pembroke, and Sir Richard Neville. There is another gentleman whom wo 

Among the changes which the sub- will venture to admonish, we mean 

ordination of Wales introduced, must Mr. Jones of Bodedeyrn : it 4s to be 

be reckoned the disuse of elaborate regretted that he has confined his ta- 

poetry. Songs, interludes, and epi- lents to a single ode of David ab 

grams, now Became popular. Hugh Gwilym, and we earnestly remind 

Morris, the Butler of the principality, him, that abilities and taste are de« 

directed the shafts of satire, with con- posits, for which the possessor is ac« 

siderahle poignancy, against the 01i-> countable, 

verians. In 168I, under the presi- ^ 

dency of Sir Richard Basset, a col- 7. rarieUes of Literature ; being prmcipaffi/ 

lection of Bardic rules was completed. Selections from the Parifolio of the late John 

which is still appealed to for aiitho- Brady, Esq, Author of « CUwis Calendar 

rily. From that time a remnant only rta." Arranged and adapted for pubUea^ 

o( the Bards existed, holding occa- iion by John Henry Brudy, his Son. 18mo* 

sional meetings at Glamorgan, till ;>p. 295. Whittaker. 

the close of the last century, when the THE high estimation in which Mr. 

spirit began to revive*. J. H. Brady's father was held is suffi- 

But it is to the exertions of an cient to insure a favourable reception 
Englishman that the present enthu- of these selections from his loose and 
siasm is principally owing. A few unfinished MSS., even if they pos- 
years since, the Bishop of St. David's, sessed no -other merit. It is certain 
perceiving that sectarian preachers, that these notes (with all of which the 
from their intimate knowleage of the Antiquary is familiar) were accumu- 
vemacular tongue, possessed import* lated for publication, in some shape or 
ant advantages over the regular clergy, other; from the specimens here pre- 
proposed to revive the mrdic con- sented, we have no doubt that it was 
gresses, and distribute prizes as an in- Mr. Brady's intention to have written 
centive to the study of Welsh. This a work illustrative of peculiar proverbs, 
measure was not without its evils; words, &c. shewing the probabilities 
but they were greatly obviated by the or improbabilities of their supposed 
choice of English compositions for origins ; «nd of adding new ana ori- 
transbtion. Among these productions, ginal ideas upon the subject. If the 
■ - ■ — ■ — — ■■■■--■ _- — - 

* The remains of the Bards were first introduced to English readers by the Rev. Evas 
Evans, in 1764. The passages versi^ed by Gray are from his paraphrase. Their valuo 
was shewn by Mr. Tomer in his' History of the Anglo' Saxons, and tneir genuineness vin- 
dicated in ft masterly essay from the same pen. Edward Jones (late Bard to the King) 
poblished two curious volumes of Relif s, and others were brought forward by Mr. Edward 
Williams, from whom an enlarged His^ry of Wales Is expected. This gentleman, with 
Mr. Owen Jones, and Mr. Willjam Owen, edited the Welsh Archaiology, which embraces 
die British Remains. The latter gentleman (now Dr. Pughe), has rendered great services 
to literature by his Welsh Dictionary, and his Cambrian Biography ; and will soon give 
an edition of thie Mabinogion to the wprld. Lik^ his celebrated namesake^ we yenture to 
him, " Gwynnedd's shield aqd Britain's gem." 

M Rlivnw.-<-We8leyiim. [Jaa. 

^rnent Editor had undertaken this, RELIGIOUS enthusiasm we be- 
ive confess laborious' iask, he would lieve to be a civil and political etfil, 
have conferred a great benefit on the and religious and moral education a 
literary world ; but at present he ap- civil and political good. The former 
pears to have thrown these notices to- has been long ponular in Wales, and 
gether without taking the pains to cor- without the smallest disrespect to our 
jrect their faults or expose their absur- fellow-countrymen, it cannot be said 
Hities. It is the duty of an Editor to to have produced pre-eminence of cha- 
detect the errors in those things which racter, while the superior substitute of 
lie selects ; so as to prevent the public education has done wonders in Scot- 
from being imposed upon or deluded, land. We do not think, therefore, that 
It cannot be any proof of the Editor's Wesley An^ discovered the philosopher's 
research to permit a ** whimsical anec- stone ; or that the conversion of our 
dote" (he may truly call it so) respect- fellow-countrymen into the blind de- 
ing the union of the Bishoprics of votees of Spain, Portugal, and Italy, 
JBath and Wells, by " King Charles the is a desirable object. Such are our con- 
Sccond,** to be inserted (see p. 138), scientious opinions. Wesley was a very 
without a comment. Notwithstand- ingenious, and we trust a very well* 
ing he denominates it a *' whimsical intentioned man, though we think him 
anecdote,*' those persons unacquainted philosophically in error, when he sought 
with the true origin of the union of rather to found principles upon feel- 
iheae Bishoprics would, though they ings than upon reason. We shall ex- 
might not believe the ** whimsical ' plain oursehres. Well we know, that 
part of the story, naturally place faith men may be far wiser, and better, and 
in the assertion that they were united happier by faith in Jesus Christ, than 
in the reign of the Merry Monarch, they are likely to be without it ; yet 
which is almost six hundred years after we would rather see such a conviction 
the union bad actually taken place. the result of high reason, than of mere 
, It is a mistake to ajpply the word blind and ignorant devotion. We 
holi peculiarly to arrows shot from the would in short rather see the seheme 
cross-bow, as in p. 91. The Editor of the Redemption, philosophically and 
night have consulted with advantage unanswerably elucidated, (as it is by 
the valuable Glossary of Archdeacon Dr. Wheeler in his Theological Lec- 
N^res upon this and other points, tures), than by a slrine of unexplained 
This Glossary would afford many ad- postulates only, though deduced from 
ditional Proverbs, &c. for the next scripture. We therefore object to this 
Tolume. work being called "a Body of Divi- 

The Marchet, or Maid's Fee (see nity," for certainly it is not so ; and 

p. 68) as formerly customary in Scot- very unjust, and even absurd, are, in 

land, certainly existed in England ; our Judgment, the opinions given of 

though at present we are unable to the future state of the wicked and the 

particularize the precise Manor. This fallen angels. But still the piety, the 

unnatural and detestable law (the ab- benevolence, the motives displayed 

rogation of which did honour to the through the whole book, come home 

Queen of Malcolm the Third), was to the heart, and give to the mind a 

made by Eu^nius Kins of Scotland. very pleasing picture of the meek and 

The Origm of the Names of Places amiable religion of Jesus, the Son of 

is decidedly the most interesting and God. 

valuable part of the collection. It is ^ 

interspersed with su^^^^^^ ^ ^^ ^^^,^ i^ Greece. By H.hjtioa 

and entertaming anecdotes as are cal- b„, ^ .^ compr^ ^teSk« 

culated to render it Kenerally amusmg. ^f^^^ Character, Cusia^ M S<murrt of 

We sincerely hope the Editor will con- ,j^ Country g wiUi a Fiew of its 

tinue these derivations m his next vo- crkiad Stnu, Ta mhiek is mt 

critical State. To which . . 

lume. Greece to the close of 1895, by a 

♦ detU rteenUy arrined. Ebtn. 

8. Weslejana: a Selection of the wtosHm^ ,_ . . 

ftortant Passages in the fVritin^s of the hue 1 1 is impossible, we thmk, to 

Aco. John Wesley, A.M. arranged tofarm g^»«« tn« «Ct8, that the caose of ta«. 

aoompteteBodyi/Dimmiy. JVithaPw Greeks becomes daily more hopekssy' 

kraU and Biographical Sketch, FeUscap and that the public sympathy towafd»< 

8f9. pp.457. this ill-fated people grewsiiWinlijr thatt 


RiTiiw.-»Bulwer*s Aulumn m GreecM* 


It is DOW nearly twelve niontht 
, in our remarks on the sensible 
ie of Mr. Waddington, we vcn- 
to say, that the recurrence of the 
T subjugation oF this nation, was 
it impossible; and recent events 
onfirni this opinion : but that any 
pt and effectual resistance (such 
aoce as can place tlie Greeks in 
imposing aiiiiuclc, to which by 
manifestoes and declaratiuns they 

CO aspire) can now be hoped or 
ted from them, we dare not ven- 
o assert. The curse of dissension 
their councils, the sinews of war 
anting. England looks coldly on. 
i things are against them ; but 
tirit of resistance has been awak- 

and it cannot be laid. The 
:s may be exterminated, and the 
le of that ixUTminniion maybe 

peace. But woe to that country 
iich this oppression shall come, 
cloud is accumulating that fiery 
laticm which shall burst upon the 
of the Ottoman ; and Greece will 

^be moment," says Mr. Bnlwer, 
h in another sense, *' the moment 
ttdly approaching for the fulfil- 
orihe dreaded prophecy. The 
-haired Giaour is at the Gates of 
antinople ; and the crescent only 
t over Its walls till it is determined 
hall erect the Cross.** 
e publication to which we are 
to direct the attention of our 
*», consists of a S<'rie< of Letters 
j-nrd to Charles Brinsley .Sheridan, 
written with considerable tnJent, 

conridciice, and great enthusi- 

\Ve cannot [ye mistaken in sup- 
r the Letters to be the produc- 
r a yourtf^ man ; and that though 
ontribute but little to the general 
of information on the subject of 
e, they may be read with plea- 
is the lively effusions of an ele- 
ind hot nnclassical mind. We 

the eighth Letter as referring 
direci'v to the affairs of Greece. 

rrived at Napoli, tou may expect 
ae an account of what is going on 
lad ftomc oWrvatiuDS cm what I saw 
ray thithrr. 

great deal ha<i been said for and af;ainst 
opir ; the accounts "Ppear to me ex- 
ed mi l>oth sides. Those who look 
* the classic davs of Greece, would be 
disappointed at its preseat state. 
ko regard it through the mist of past 
r. MaO. Jawiantt \926. 


■gWy the altemata piej of conteodiag mr 
tioiis — who see it tramjAed on hj tbe adven- 
turer of »U, and finally subjected to the worst 
of despotism -— that which an ignorant con- 
queror inflicts op the nobler spirit of his 
captive, would be astonished to find that 
any resemblance still exists between the 
Greek who fought at Marathon and Ther- 
mopylse, and the one who is at present con- 
tending on the same field as his ancestors.— 
That part of the nation whieh was known 
previvus to the present war, was naturally 
the most debased and servile — the Fanarioto 
prince, who prided himself on licking the 
dust near the footstool of his master ; or 
the wily merchant, who, exercising trade at 
extravagant risks* calculated necessarily on 
extravagant profits. 

« No observation can be more just than 
Mr. Burke's. < The opinion of others re- 
gulates that which we form of ourselves * i\ 
and those Greeks who held any commerce 
with their masters, finding themselves de- 
spised, became as contemptible as they ««re 

*' It is from these men, that most, who 
tail without mercy against Greek depravity, 
have formed their judgment. SpesJung of 
tbe nation, it is an unfiur one. 

<* The Moreot peasantrv appeared to me, 
like the peasantiy of other roonntainous 
countries, hardy, honest, and independent. 
There can be no better proof of their good- 
ness than the safety with which we passed 
through some of their most inaccessible frst- 
nesses, where only the winds could bear away 
the news of our assassination : * Omne igno- 
tum pro magnifico;' and our mules, though 
loaded with things of little i value, apfiear 
perhaps to carry vast and precious treasures, 
riiey are from habit active, and make excel- 
lent guerillas. From the state in which they 
lived prior to the revolution, retiring with 
some capitano into their inaccessible moun- 
tains, they possess that love for peculiar fit- 
roilies which we denominate clan-ship ; and 
some care should be taken that we do not 
aTienate them from their country, when we 
separate them from their chl^tains. 

** The Hydriotes and Spesziotes also are, 
from all that I can hear, collectively a good 
people. The merchants of Hydra were 
forced into tbe revolution by the sailors, 
who looked fur plunder and employment, 
and have frequently been oblij'ed to com- 
|>ensate for ill success out of their own 
purses. Not having experienced the evils 
of war, nor even those of slavery, these is- 
landers are more haughty than the Moreot, 
and have succeeded in obtaining the chief 

* ** The degree of estimation in which 
any profession is held, becomes the standard 
of the estimation in which the profetaors 
hold themselves." 


Rbtikw.— -Balwer's Autumn in Greece. 


situations in the present Goremment* Tlie 
Hydriotes long wished for a settlement on 
the Continent, and NapoU di Romania may 
be called theirs. 

'* It is idle to expect tliat a r<tce long bar- 
harized and enslaved, can start at once into 
civilization and freedom. Time and circum- 
stance, which hammer out the shape of all 
kingdoms, roust do their work before our 
democratic dreams can be realized of this 

*< For the present let the Greeks ohoose 
their own form of Government *. 

*< I do not see who is more 'likely than 
they to know, whether a mobhish, military, 
or monarchical one, will supply their wants 
or fulfil their wishes : — 
^' Wise men have aye that government con- 
fest [fjest : 

The best to be, which suits the governor 
Csesar may laugh when godlike Cato frowns. 
And constitutions want the charms of 

Yet it is my opinion, that a strong hand 
is the only one that can rescue Greece from 
her present difficulties, and finally replace 
the statue of Liberty in her temple. 

** If this country is to rule herself> I would 
give her a powerful government, whether 
individual or oligarchic. Htates the most 
jealous of supreme authority have acknow- 
ledged its utility in times of danger, and a 
•emibarbarous people was never ruled without 
itf. Let order be established, and the 
Turks subdued ; knowledge and inquiry suc- 
ceed of course, and are as necessarily follow- 
ed by that degree of freedom they inspire, 
* Tantummod6 iocepto opus est, cetera res 

" It is grievous to look "round so fair a 
land, and sec it every where the prey to dis- 
sention. Fblitioal opinion is a harlequin 
jacket, patched and exhibiting all sorts of 
different colours. The only universal senti- 
ment seems that of self-conceit and capabi- 
lity. Men, l)ecause they are fit for nothing 
else, couceive that they would make excel- 
lent generals and statesmen ; or imagine 
themselves like the block of stone from 
which a statuary can make either a beast or 
a god. 

** I wish we could breathe into the pre- 
sent Greek some particle of the spirit of 
KjNUcninunUas, who saw no disgrace iu being 

* ** We have generally busied ourselves 
about the government of Greece, which 
ically was no business of ours ; while the 
nianagement of our money, in which we 
mi^ht be thouj;ht concerned, has been left 
entirely to the Greeks." 

1* *< It is not amiss to remark, that the Se- 
csfia ttf the Consul was never separated 
from tha Fascis till Roman liberty was no 

•scavenger at Thebes, when It was an oflice 
bestowed on him by his country. Yet is it 
to be said, that if we destroy Greek vanity 
and ambition, we should destroy also the 
two great barriers against Mahommedan 
despotism. The same feeling which draws 
the sword of civil discord, inspires horror 
and detestation of the Turk. 

*' Paying the soldiers has for the moment 
withdrawn them, as might have been ima- 
gined, from the chieftains, whom also it 
would be wise to conciliate. As large land- 
ed proprietors, and in short as the nobility 
of the land, one would wish them to have 
consideration in its rule, though not inde- 
pendent jurisdiction. It seems injustice, as 
well as impolicy, to institute a purely Hydri- 
ote or Fanariote Government in the Morea. 
The Capitan! are its strength; their courago 
should not hi extinguished, but controuled ; 
nor would t ey regret being excluded firom 
the civil administration, for which they are 
unfit, if they were obliged by military com- 
mands, for which they alone are fitting. 

'< Besides, their local influence gives them 
the respect and love of their soldiers, who 
are thus raised above being mere merce- 
naries : which they become, led for a paltry 
sum by people of whose names they are 
ignorant, and to whose persons they are un- 
allied and unattached. My only fear of pay 
is, that they who before it fought for life» 
for liberty, for their wives, for their child- 
ren, for their homes, and for their altars, 
who felt that they must fight to preserve all 
these, may at last consider themselves only 
obliged to do so for a few paras a day : of 
which should circumstances (an event not un- 
likely) deprive them, they would repine, 
mutiny, and finally throw down their 
arms, from disgust at such imaginary ill- 

'< A hundred ships have for some months 
been employed, each ship receiving 1000 
dollars per month ; and no material action 
has taken place. The sailors v^U no longer 
serve without being paid in advaikoe ; and 
examples were not wanting of captatna hav- 
ing retired from the fleet at the very moment 
when their services were most reqiured, to 
make a better bargain with the Government. 
Patriotism has ceased to operate^ eicept 
where it is profitable. 

"In addition to the evils of a merchant 
fleet, which is very injurious to the Island- 
ers, the Morea has none at all but thai 
which it hires from them, and is coBteqtient- 
ly dependant on the bad system of iti atigh- 

<* The only manner in which a fornipinr 
can be useful in this country, is in unitiBg 
the active part of it with the thinkiag. -4f 
he can do this, he does a great deaL At 
present the general noise, wimngfing, aad 
contention, on the approach of ^o va&mjf 
remind one of this people's inptrttitiotty «f 

lSi6.J Rbtibw.— ^Bulwer*8 Autumn in Grteee^ h9 

firiog is ftn Mithquake %o pWTent its pro^ cbmpanied their htubandt to ifib breach, 

gress." Pp.93 — 101. Under these circuxnstaxusesy aad awaiting 

The article subjoined, entitled- »ith anxiety the .uccour. ,o confidently ex- 

.. t^ ^ .1 i** r ,o«i- »» • i_ pected from their xnends, tiiey received an 

^ir'^u*°j^'!f5''''^2^ ^^?^ iS^y Authentic information of the actions of Pett. 

another hand, dedicated to Mr. Can- ^^^ ^^ pj^^.^^ ^Yitx% the Generals Normaun 

ninR, and fOTms a very natural appendix and Botzari endeavouring to join, or to assist 

to the foTuier Letters. It is a well- them, were successively beaten and repulsed. 

written narrative of scenes in which In such condition, after a resistance as ob-< 

the Greeks have signalized themselves, stinate as prolonged, their provisions were 

with a courage worthy of their ancient finally exhausted, and the supply of water 

fame ; and is ap animated appeal to irrecoverably cut off, nor could a single drop 

the Rulera of our own diUntry, in fa- of ^^^^ necessary element be fouiid in the 

vour of this interesting people. We ^J^'^ence or limits of the port, 

have space but for two extracts ; the "It was at this moment of resistance! 

fint refers to the conduct so nobly dis- ^^^en the anguish of th*» scene had reached 

^tjed by one of the most unfortunate »ts height, that a spring was recollected to 

and gallant of its clans, the Suliotes : J^"* ^^ «°™f little distance from the walls. 

^ It lies on the declivity of a hill, concealed 

" On the death of Ali Pacha, the cele- almost under wood and rocks ; and the ap- 

Wated Vizier of Janina, in the spring of proach being at all times very difficult, it ler 

I8t2, the Ottoman forces, being disposable, mained either unknown or neglected by the 

were instructed unexpectedly to march and Greeks, nor had its waters at any time been 

mennmeie Uie Suliotes. ilifter some un- used. To the advances of the enemy, which 

ifliportaBt encounter of ad\'anced posts, the were close to it, this place was unluckily ex- 

Seiiotea letired ; end the enemy, conducted posed; and being a matter of great moment, 

Vj Hoertchid Pacha, was discovered, from their attention was arrested to the spot. 

iivael <firections, descending, with over- Under favour of the darkness it was occupied 

whelfliing numbers, an amphitheatre of by the Turks; but at sun-rise, they w§re 

MMBtatoi, which formed the bulwark, and daily driven from it by the fire from the walls, 

jeurmtoed, at the same time, the boundary To this spring, at every instant paying the 

sf their vele. To hold a position against forfeit of their rashness with their lives^ 

the IWiiet was evidently impossible ; and to were seen scrambling, regardless of destruc- 

eaop themselves, with their &milies and tion, the wives and daughters of the Suliotes, 
dependents in the castle *, besides being ex- mindful only of administering relief to the 
trmely confined and insufficient to contain wounded and combatants within ; and, in 
them, was equally a measure of desperation, this manner, for a considerable time, by the 
vkidi menaced the safety of the whole. heroism, the devotion, and hilarity of the 
*' An immediate resolution they were women, the resistance of the castle was pro- 
forced of necessity to make ; and they deter* longed. 

Bsined leloctantly on occuping the fortress <• The Turkish general hesitated to renew 

or easde of Kiafi&, unprovided with a single the attack upon breaches which opened to 

piece €^ ordnance ; having very little food, receive him. It is said, tliat exasperated as 

sod huddled together in the unsuitable de- he was at the opposition to his arras, he felt 

fences of a place which could not, at any and acknowledged like a warrior the merits 

, iend tne most distant appearance of and valour of his foe. The gallantry of the 
In this situation it was that the Suliotes experienced its reward, and they 
yu<i^>tf» arrested the progress of an army at were permitted to evacuate the castle, pre- 
Isast thirty times their number, victorious serving their families, their property, and 
sad elated with success, lliey maintained their arms, on stipulation to embark in the neigh- 
post with diaadvantages perhaps unprecedent- bouring port of Fenari, from whence they 
ed in the history of the war,* they stood out, were subsequently conveyed to the Ionian 
without a murmur, against battery, famine. Islands, under observance of a British mau'^ 
wd assault ; whilst under a vertical sun, of-war." 

without any shelter but the banner of the . 

cfOM, the women and the wounded, collect- The author adds with enthusiasm : 
e4 together on « platform, in the centre of ,, ^^ ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^f ^^^^^^ ._ 

tW foftrejs, were not less .exposed to the ^^^^ ^^^ ^j^^ ,^.^3 ,j^ ^^^^ Can 

smlkry of the enemy than if they had ac- ^^^ ^^.^^ ^^^^ y^^,j ^„ {^^^^ ancestors of 

— ' old. I say they are not inferior to them. 

• "The castle of Kaifa is commandingly Travellers turn now to Thermopylae and Ma* 

litaited above the principal village of Suli. rathun. The day may come when they will 

It is die chief place of a district containing penetrate to cloudy Suli. Does history 

feortecB hamleu, all inhabited by the Suli- show the spot more worthy admiration than 

octs, sad scattered in different direetious the little spring of water that runs ihroujb 

Uifoagh the vale." beneath its walls ? 


60 Ksyi^w.^Af^nual Biography and Obituary. [Jan. 

. We dare not .hut our eyes to the ^^^^^ ^ "^^t, 
melancholy iransactions now passing ^^^ !^f "'^"^o.^'^^er, that the gentle- 
it. Greece nor -nceal ou^a^^^^^^ Krcandora^^^^^ sound juc^ment 
•ions for the result : may we be mis man j^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ,^ ^^^ 

taken! The volume coses with the ^^^^^^^^^^ Obituary" could 

followmg manly appeal: J^^^ have been placed in more able 

"Ooe point may be assumed, amongst ... »- i. _ .. : . 

others, as certain : that in Greece, the Ma- 
hometan power is gone down j that the 
Greeks have means and spirit, if exercised 
under a fiivourable influence, for liberating 

themselves,— in a shorter time too, than is „ With regard to certain strictures on 
commonly imagined bymany of her advocates^ ^^^ ^^^ volume, in the « Gentleman's 

• J e.:^^Jm . .ti#1 tVt^t Rnnland. la adoDtiQE «« !_> * ^U^;* t-zina AnA l&ncniure micrht 

hands ; and that the Editor «* is not 
one of those who, when they become 
aware of an error, hesitate to correct 


imagined ny many oiucrwivtM.—.^-^ ^y^^ ^^^ volume, in tne • wcniienwin » 
and friends ; aud that England, in adopting i^j^gaaine,* their tone and language might 
lionary measures, which ere fitting ^^^ justify him in abstaining from all no- 
le hidden schemes of others, antT 
, at the same /ime, her own in- 
cause, will combine, in doing so 
justice and of mercy, which th< 

„w..« ^«,.ects with anxiety from a peopl ^^^^ ^ ^ 

that by sentiment and conduct is prc-emi- .^ ^j^^^ y^^ |,„ to say in a very small 
- nently distinguished, at a period which me- ^.^mpass. 

the precautionary measures, which ere fitting ^^^ justify him in abstaining from all no- 
to baffle the hidden schemes of othera, and ^.^ of them. But he has too mueh respect 
protecting, at the same fime, her own m- ^^^ ^^le opinion of the world, too much re- 
Urest and cause, will combine, in doing so, ^ ^^^ ^^^^ £q, ^y^^ publication in wbich 
an act of justice and of mercy, which the ^^^^ strictures appeared, to be wholly si- 
world expects with anxiety from a people ^^^ althouffh he will endeavour to com- 

nently distinguished, at a period wnicn me- ^.^mpass. 

tiaces so generally the liberties qf man, wid tt in the first place, he fSrankly 

to which 3ie nation of fireemen only, proudly ^y^^^ ^^ regrets not having, in every iubixucc, 

and fearlessly pursuing the ground-work of ^j-^tinctly specified, in the only two volumes 

iU envied constitution and iU laws, can be ^f 4^,^ Annual Biogrophy and Obituary (be- 

expectcd by iU example to put a final and ^^ ^y^^ present), for the management of 

a salutary stop. which he is responsible, the authority for 

" There are two countries in the universe ^],g memoirs, or for the component parts of 

J the name of England is particularly ^jj^ roemoirs, of which those volumes con- 

n*A<i mnA \idAt\vttA t the«fi olacfis are .'...^j 'Q..*' *UVk#\ii«rK rMrticulsr acknow- 

where •«« o . 

respected and beloved: these places are 
Sicily and Greece. In either one or the 
other, should the circumstances of politics 
"admit, the people wUl turn to our purpose, 
from the peasant to the prince. 

" Let us hope that the most taleqted and 
popular Minister who yet, in our Island, has 

^Aj^ aaa«/a«a«^aa «r^ -w '^ — 

sisted. But, although particular acknow- 
ledgment might be wantmg, in general ac- 
knowledgmenU he was not deficient. For 
proof of this allegation, he refers to the 
sentiment in the Pi«eiace to the last volume, 
that its contents had been derived from va- 

popular Minister who yet, in our Island, has fjQyj sources ; — ** principally from contem- 
directed the helm of affairs, may still steer a porary publications of every respectable de- 
course in this interesting question, according gcription ; and from private and friendly 
with the wishes of the world: of all who contributions j' and to the subsequent enu- 
nourish in their bosoms any sentiment that aeration of the memoirs which were ori- 
ts worthy of a Christain or a man ! And, in ginal, and of those which are not so. He, 
the example of the Greek nation, and their however, repeate his regret that he content- 
cause, let England ever proudly have the ^ himself with this general acknowledg- 
boaat — that history is, by her means, eras- ment; and the present volume, in which his 
ing the melancholy maxim firom its page, authorities are particularized>ith scrupulous 
„v._v j.-:^- .^^ ^--f ^^r^U ««/.• r.iu« accuracy, will at least show that he is not 

which denies to a great people, once fallen 
from the pinnacle of grandeur, the prospect 
of rising to it more.' Pp. 847—^49. 

8. The Annual Biography and Obituary for 
the Year 16^6. FbLX. pp.470. Long- 
man and Co. 

MANY of our readers will probably 
recollect, that in volume xcv. i. p. 64, 
we indulged in some serious, but just, 
remarks upon the Editor of the Annual 
Biography having copied innumerable 

one of those who, when they become aware 
of an error, hesitate to correct it. 

•* As to the question of the propriety or 
impropriety of his deriving his materials 
from the best sources that may present 
themselves, he begs simply to advert to the 
conduct of his censor in that respect. For 
some years past, the ' Gentlem«i'» Maga- 
zine,* (a publication, indeed, vcnenMe by 
its age, by iU merits, and by the recollec- 
tion of the learned men who, firom time to 
time, have * recreated their travailed spiritt' 
in contributing to iU psges,) no doubt feel- 

Biography having copied innumerable j^g ^y^^ competition of moreyouthful peri- 

xnemoirs from our pages. This has o^^cal miscellanies, has wisely maintained its 

been noticed in a very courteous man- gnve and ancient character, by meeting fic- 

ner, in the Editor's Preface to the pre- tion with fact ; andr in the interettii^ 

sent volume, which is written with though usually brief rektioa of th« livw « 



lliTiBW^— HMmmI JNoftrdp^ tmdOiUmiff. 


ml Imma bdagi* bis Ibwdl a powirfcl «- 
owilgf lor iU popoliritir nid ci>wiktina» 
Miwlth««Airliof ilwii» wlio Wr« raton^ 
4 lor Um oMut of pobfie itlnetioo chkAy, 
to th« faciooft of fiuinr. But hM Sylvuitit 
Urbui nluedt is tliit cMfwrtoMBS of bis Ma* 
niiao» Mitirtlj oa tbo oaamimiottioM of 
Alt Utonnr frindt whI oo r r Mp ond o tt ?— 
For lirooi it. With bmut or^iaol omI vs- 
ImMo biogrnhinl okoi^ot from thopom 
of MMM of UM BotI aUo owl ioiriligMrt 
vriltn IB tbt ooontryt ho hoi miMlod «i- 
wrnvm MticM of o aimikr kind, ooUoetod 
inm ofory oeroatiblo qoortori — from tho 
doilj mud wookly popen of tho motropolio i 
ftoa tho pfoviDOHU JooTBok of EiyUimfy 
Scotfcod, mud IroUad; from cohmiol priatty 
torn otbor monthly fwhliootioooj from n- 
color biognphicol worts, tuefa ostho<* Fob- 
So Cboraotors,' • Morshall's Royol Nowol 
Bogmphy/ < Tho Royol MilitanF UloBdur/ 
Itc— Dom tho Editor of tho Ajuool Bio- 
mphj oad Obitoonr bhuno this pnotieo ? 
Qoito tho rtvoTM. To him it appoon to bo 
OBOtodiacij kadidilo. Bot ho bopos.thok 
vhot is iSlowod to bo pro iio - wort h y in aa- 
othoTy BBMy It loott, aoi bo pToaooBOod ro* 
prthconblo to hioi« 

*< It is eeitoialy trao^ thot his hat ▼ohimo 
WM iadrbtod to tho ' Goatlomaa's Man- 
BiaOf'Ibra ooasidtrablo aad valoablo pnrwm 
of its coatoats. It b oertotaly trat, thot 1% 

was iadebted to othorpetioifical pablioatioiM 
Ibr mach asofril iaftwmatioa. It is eortala* 
ly trasy that tho presoat voloaM is libowiM 
iadobtad to the saato pobUeatioBS in oa- 
sssistaaos. Weio tho Aaaaal Bio- 
sad Obituary a work, tho iotorasts 
of widch elathed with those of aoy of tho 
respodable pablicatioos to which it thus has 
reeoorM, in aid of its owa resources ; — the 
onestioB would wear aaother aspect, but 
tiiers can bo no oollisioa betweea them. 
Their scope aad object are eatirely different. 
If a bistoiy were to bo written of the pro- 
gress or retromssion of tlio Cstnolio 
caase ; and if Uie historian were to tran- 
scribe from tho present volume of the An- 
nual Biocraphy and Oliituary, the details 
of the ^urts made by the late Lord Do- 
aoughflBore in fiivour of that cause, (which 
it cost suoM labour to trace and extract 
from the records of Parliament,) would the 
Editor of this work remonstrate sgaiostsuch 
a proceeding? On the contrary, he should 
regard it, not only as a jostiuble, bat as 

'* One word more. If thers had ever 
been an attempt to represent the Annual 
Bwgnphy and Obituary as any thine but 
that wnich it always has been, and whidi, 
owing to its very natore, and to the peculiar 
ripnuBstaacee under which it is prspared 
aad produced, it always roust be ; namelT, 
a work partly original, but party compiled ; 

piMo fftpiaof aaght* to fidl apon an aa- 
samptioaso aafeoadad. No saeh' pretoa- 
sioa, however, baa bcea advaaoad* Varioas 
occarrences amy Iniaeace tho ohanctor of 
its oompositioa. In some years it may be 
enabled to boast of a greater anMmnt of ori- 
ginal, in others it mast be satisfied to avail 
Itself of a greater amount of borrowed mat- 
ter s bot a compound of the two it mual 
always remain; and the Editor of* it wriald 
leel that he ill-discharged hb ^, If ho 
aegiecied aay tth aieaas of rendering thkt 
compound as copious, ia taw s t ii^ aad-eor- 
rect as pomiblo. 

For the honoarable mention of the 
raerhs of the renerable Sylvanns and 
hit Correspondents, the Editor will 
accept oor thanks. 

After noticing the many fmitleit 
applications for materials, lo the near* 
est connections of deceased individuals, 
the Editor, with a^truly national feel-f 
ing, thus remarks : ' 

** Oa this sppaiaat apathy, regarded m a 
wivato pomt of view, it would be improper 
lathe Editor to make a single oorament ;-^ 
bat, looking eft the suli}eot with reftrenoe to 
the geoeru gmttficatioa and iaterest, ho 
must be permitted to laaieal!, that, at a 
tlaio whom tho pnblie miad b aneemii^riy 
vitiated by nsrrattves of tho prufligato sdk 
ventorse m strumpets and swindlers, evsiy. 
oppor tu nity is not anzioosly embraced of 
coimteraeting tho pemidoas tendency of 
thoeo infrflsoas detaik, bv describing die 
honourable and saeeessfaf eavser of per* 
sons dbtingnished by their moral and in- 
tellectual qualities ; and thereby, in some 
degree, continuing^to posterity the benefit 
which the bright example of such persons 
while they lived, conlerred on their oontess- 

Agreeing with these sentiments, we 
endeavOar, what is in our power; to 
render oor Biographical Department 
accurate in erery respect; useful to 
succeeding Biographers; and worthy 
of that commendation, which we are 
proud to say, it has so largely received. 

We shall conclude with recom- 
mending the work to the well-merited 
patronage of the public. 

U. Literary and Mise^Uaneout Memoin; 
by J. Cradock, £19. M.A. F.SM. 8oe. 
pp. 894. Nichols and Son. 

THE Vofame imw before us con- 
tains many pleasing Reminiscences 
from the well-stored mind of a writer 

0S R^ytBW.^^Todwik'B Jsiterdry and -Miscellaneous Memoirs, [Janr. 

who blends the vivacity of yotithful 
imagination with the solidity of an ex- 
perienced veteran. Early initiated in 
classic Literature in his native town of 
Leicester, under a scholar of no com- 
mon eminence, Mr. Andrewes, father 
of the late truly amiable Dean of Can- 
terbury, (with whom the most cordial 
Intimacy subsisted through life,) and 
further improved by another very ex- 
perienced school-master, Mr. Picker- 
ing, at Mackworth, near Derby, Mr. 
Craidock had the good fortune to be 
placed J, by the patronage of Mr. 
Hnrd,'as a Gentleman Commoner at 
Emmanuel College, Cambridge, under 
the immediate tuition of Mr. Farmer, 
who afterwards addressed to his intel- 
ligent pupil his admirable '* Essay on 
the Learning of Sliakspeare.*' — But 
we thall not longer detain the reader 
from the entertainment to be derived 
from these Memoirs, by dwelling on 
the author's personal history, farther to 
observe that it is now more than sixty 
ytara since he was honoured with the 
degree of Master of Arts, per Literas 
J?f fftflf I—- that he was High Sheriff of 
Leicestershire in 17^7; that in 1768he 
wat elected Fellow of the Society of An- 
tiquaries, of which h^ is now the old- 
est member ; and that from his en- 
trance into life, he was not less dis- 
tinguished in the Fashionable Circles 
than in the ranks of Literature, where 
he was the friend and associate of 
Johnson, Warburton, Hurd, Halifax, 
Parr, Reynolds, Burke, Percy, Gold- 
smith, Garrick, Steevens, and the 
whole of the Literary Club. 

As Mr. Cradock*s anecdotes are not 
oven in strict chronological order, we 
snail take a few extracts as they occur 
to recollection, after more than one 
attentive reading of these, the follow- 
ing one is not the least interesting : 

*' Lord Mansfield WEI justly looked up to, 
aod tdniircd, at the Cicero of the age, yet 
he was never much relished by some of the 
old lawyers, who boldly asserted, that if his 
inndvatioos were to be so freely adopted, 
they might shut up their long revered Law 
Authorities, and in compliment to bis Lord- 
ship, merely adhere to the decisions that 
were recorded in Burrow's Reports. 

** I stood almost four hours very near to 
Mr. Home Tooke, whom 1 had never seen 
before, when in thtr year 1777» he was tried 
for a libel at Guildhall^ and conducted his 

own defence ; and surely no humble indivi- 
dual could ever stand on higher ground. — 
Lord Mansfield, with commanding elo- 
quence, presided on the Bench. The stem 
Thurlow was Attumey-General, and the 
subtle insinuating Wedderburne the Soltci- 
.tor i yet unawed by such authorities, he 
proceeded with firmness, and remained un- 
daunted against this constellation of talents, 
this phalanx of abilities ; and firom his own 
deep knowledge of the Law, was able to 
combat all its subtleties, and convert every 
circumstance to his own advantage, to the 
admiration and astonishment of the most 
crowded Court. 

" The Midland Circuit wa* never ho- 
noured but once by the presence of Lord 
Mansfield, and then the greatest anxiety to 
seo, and hear him, was every where excited. 
1 he second JuHge only arrived with the ca- 
valcade, and the superior merely stole into 
Leicester late at night, on a saddle-horse. — 
Next morning, however, he appeared in all 
his splendour, and might justly be pro- 
nounced to be, Grace and Dignity personi- 
fied ; but when every eye was strained, and 
every ear attentive, and the Crier of the 
Court, in due form, had proclaimed silence, 
his Lordship only coldly got up, and said, 
that as he was certain the Grand Jury were 
so well informed of their duties, he should 
give no Charge, but proceed immediately to 
the trials ; thut» by complimenting a few, 
he disobliged the many ; and this conduct 
was the more reprehensible, as he was not 
restricted for time, and could have gratified 
all, without giving himself the least trouble. 

" I was once very near to his Lordship 
when he was in the utmost danger of his 
life ; it was on the opening of Parliament, 
about the time that Wilkes was so popu- 
lar, and number Forty-five was displayed io 
every street i a long debate wAs expected, 
after his Majesty's Speech had been deli- 
vered* in consequence of (he Middlesex 
Election having been set aside. Confusion 
might then be said to be at its height, for 
the mob had broken into the passage that 
leads to the Throne ; his Majesty was just 
robed, and was proceeding firom the closet* 
when many of us were pressed directly for- 
wards ; and with our clothes torn were ab- 
solutely thrown into the House. Lord 
Carlisle seeing my distress, most kindly re- 
cognized me, and made room for me between 
himself and another nobleman; but no 
more could be made out concerning Lord 
Mansfield, till we heard tliat he had safely 
escaped at the opposite entrance. Afiter his 
Majesty had finuhed his moat gracious 
Speech, he retired, and intruders oiade 
every effort to follow, but found it impossi- 
ble I and as candles were then lighted* I 

18^.^ RsviBW.-^Cradock's Literary and Mitcelianeoui Memoin. 63 

ter of Oakley in the Jealous Wife. This 
Comedy was t.^co liiglily attractive, as everjr 
part was exactly suited to the Actor or Ac* 
tress that was to perforin it. I never net 
him afterwards, till he and Mrs. Garrick 
visited the Rev. Mr. Arden, of Brampton» 
in Northamptonshire, when he took posses* 
sion of that JUviag. It was in the gift of 
Lord Spencer, to whom Mr. Arden had 
formerly been Tutor, and a great intimacy 
had commenced between all the parties^ 
from the time that they had encountered 
each other in their travels on the Continent* 
The place was particularly pleasing, and 
Lord Spencer had Incurred no inconsiderable 
expense in the decorations of it, under the 
care of his own gardener. As soon as t 
knew of their arrival, I took an opportunity 
of waiting upon ny gOod friend Mr. Arden | 
and there I found his Rectory overflowing 
with company; amongst the rest was Dr. 
Caleb Hardinge, Physician to the Tower^ 
who, after dinner, was eo kind as to engroM 
all the conversation. He stuttered immode" 
rately, and in a most ludicrous manner at^ 
tacked Mr. Garrick for his recital of many 
passages in Shakspeare, first giving them, 
as he Informed us, exactly like mr. Garrick^ 
and then with his own most valuable im- 
provements. Garrick took all with apparent 
good humour, and some of the party seemed 
inclined to smile, but others were only struck 
with astonishment. When we were walking 
in the garden in the evening, Mr. Garrick 
asked me, < whether I had ever met with* 
Dr. Hardinge before?* — * Never, Sir,* wae 
the reply j — * Then,* said he, * you will be 
greatly entertained ; he is a professed wity 
a roan of very high connections, and is li- 
censed to say whatever he pleases in all 
companies.' — I coldly said, ' it might be sOy 
but to me he appeared exceedingly intrusive 
and presuming.*— Mrs. Garrick immediately 
looked full at me, and seemed not to be en- 
tirely of an opposite opinion. 

'* As soon as the facetious Doctor had 
taken his leave, I found that Mr. and Mrs. 
Garrick and Mr. Arden were to set out next 
morning for Litchfield ; and as my place lay 
near the road, and Mr. Arden was always 
partial to it, I asked the favour of them to 
halt during the middle of the day ; and told 
them, that, as I had but one large room, 
and was between two houses, I could only. 
ofrer them some cold entertainment. They 
replied, that nothing would be more agree-* 
able ; that they would come early, as thd 
weather was very hot, and at their leisure 
examine the prospects, and in the evening 
would proceed to Leicester. When I reach- 
ed home, my gardener informed me, that 
there were some large carps in a small pond, 
if they had not beeu stolen, and accordingly 
I ordered the bank to be cut through in the 
night, {IS it was full of weeds ; and we found 

beeane less alarmed, tad was assured I 
m^ht remain quiet till the commencement 
of the debates ; — however, through favour 
or necessity, I staid in the House to hear 
the whole of them. I felt my self but little 
interested till the nobleman that sat next me 
eot up to spttk, and then I perceived that 
It was the great Lord Chatham, whom I had 
never before seen but as Mr. Pitt, and was 
not in the least aware to whom I was in- 
debted for much civility and condescension. 
He arose, and spoke ; but I by no means re- 
cognized the complete orator I had former- 
ly so greatly admired, and indeed was never 
much more disappointed ; he spoke only for a 
ihort time, was confused, and seemed great- 
ly disconcerted, and then suddenly turning 
to me, asked me whether I liad ever heard 
him speak before ? ' Not in this House, 
my Lord,' was my direct reply ; < In no 
House, Sir,' says he, < I hope, have I ever 
before so disgraced myself; I feel quite ill, 
sad have been alarmed and annoyed this 
nominfi; before I arrived ; I scarce know 
what I have been talking about.* I could 
ooly bow and look civil ; for, to say the 
truth, I could not sincerely declare that I wat 
of an f>ppoeite opinion. I still wished only 
to get away ; but, as the debates grew more 
interesting, I became more reconciled to my 
iotnistve situation, and I was confidently as-' 
sured, that no notice would then be taken. 

** One nobleman was uncommonly keen 
and sarcastic, and directed some invective 
with great warmth personally against Lord 
Chatham ;— when, feeling himself stung to 
the quick, he suddenly arose, and poured 
forth a torrent of eloquence that utterly as- 
tonished ; the change was inconceivable, 
the fire had kindled, and we were all electri- 
fied with his energy and excellence. At 
length he seemed quite exhausted, and as 
he sat down, with great frankness shook 
rae by the hand, and seemed personally to 
recollect me, and I then ventured to say,— ^ 

* I hope now your Lordship is fully satis- 
fied ?* * Yes, Sir,* re]>Iied he, with asmile, 

* I think I have now redeemed my credit.' 
The Duke of Grafton that night was par- 
ticularly animated ; for, as Prime Minister, 
he was attacked with fury. The House sat 
very late, and happy was 1 to get home 
again ; for since the morning before I had 
never taken any 'refreshment.** Pp. 98 — 102. 

Tlie following anecdotes are of a 
rery diilerent complexion : 

*' It was at the time of the Coronation of 
George the Third, that I first made any stay 
in London. Mr. Garrick then frequently 
appeared on the Stage ; and I had the plea- 
sore to be introduced to him heliind the 
vetoes, when he was dressed for the charac- 

64 Kb viBWr— Crieuiock'« Literary and MUeeUaneous Memoirs. [HA, 

ft brace very large indeed, and in the best 
possible condition^ and my old fashioned 
cook engaged to stew them well) and they 
met with the highest approbation. The 
party* however, rather upbraided me for not 
keeping my word as to a cold repast ; but I 
assured tbem^ with truth, that I was as much 
nut of the secret as they were. Garrick was 
all life and spirits, and said, < Arden shall 
give us some of FalstafF after our refresh- 
ment, in which, I can assure you, he excels 
even Quin himself; and we will all take 
some other parts, and without a change of 
scenery convert our apartment here into a 
Spouting Club.' 

<< But in the afternoon they all walked so 
£Eur, and staid so long, that the proposal was 
then obliged to be deferred. After supper at 
Leicester, however, some recitals took place,, 
and several of the inhabitants of my native 
town being aware that the great Actor was 
present, placed themselves in the bed- 
chamber annexed to the great room at the 
Cranes Inn, and kept the door ajar, in t>opes 
of getting a sight of him. Whilst we were 
amusing oursleves with the humours of the 
fkt Knight tod \uk Companions, from the 
play of Henry the Fourth, my attending 
firlends so fkr forgot themselves, that, being 
exceedingly diverted, they suddenly burst 
into a violent fit of laughter. ' So,' cried 
Garrick, < we have got an audience, I find ; 
but if they are at all entertained, I desire 
that the door may not be shut.' This civil 
conduct of his iras highly commended, and 
the only regret next day was, that more no- 
tice had not transpired of the over -night 
performauce." Pp.193 — 196. 

That Mr. Hurd's friendship for our 
author extended far beyond the limits 
of the College, is pleasingly evident. 

" Mr. Hurd, in summer, more than once 
fiivoured me with a day's visit to Guraley, 
where all his injunctions "were to be strictly 
obeyed. < I ahall bring a friend with me,' 
sud he, ' and we shall come early, and stay 
late. • We must only have a plain dinner ; 
for I request that we may give you as little 
trouble as possible. It is alWays a treat to 
me to walk over your romantic territory ;— 
and I shall minutely examine all the books 
that you have lately purchased. I do not 
wish to meet the Rev. Dr. Parry. He is a 
good Hebraist ; but he is devoted to some 
Dignitaries, who are the avowed antagonists 
of Bishop Warburton. There is a lady 
from Harborough, Mrs. Allen, who 1 find 
frequently visits at your bouse. I should 
be happy to be introduced to her. ' She is 
daughter of the late Professor Sanders on.' 

<* Oa' examining my alterations, he ob- 
served| that * this was a most interesting 
spot. From hence/ said he, < Qn a clear 

day, both Botworth and Nateby imiy be dia^ 
tiuctly seen. My young friend, there must 
be either a building or pillar erfected, to 
commemorate the great events that have 
taken place there ; — and the next time I 
come, I shall require one or two specimeai 
of good inscriptions, which J shall very-firee- 
ly criticise as usual.' No inscription, how- 
ever, was attempted by me. A short poem 
on the subject of the latter has lieen print- 
ed by Dr. Bennet, of Emmanuel College, 
late Bishop of Cloyne, and has been render- 
ed conspicuous in Northamptonshire ;^^and 
I retain an elegant elegy by a learned neigh- 
bour of mine, and early friend of the late ce- 
lebi ft^.ed Thomas Warton, who possesses the 
very spot at Lubbenham, where, according 
to Evelyn, Charles the First slept the 
night before the ever-memorable battle of 

" Bishop Warburton once honoured Mr. 
Hurd by staying with him a week at Thur- ' 
caston ; and though they were ever the best 
friends, yet no two could be more dissimilar 
in disposition. Hurd was cold, cautious, 
and grave ; the Bishop, warm, witty, and- 
convivial ; and after he had been shut up 
for a day or two at Thurcaston,' he began to 
inquire whether 'there were no neighbours. 
< None, that might be perfectly agreeable 
to your Lordship,' was the reply. ' What,* 
said the Bishop,' ' are all the good houses 
that I see around me here utterly uninha- 
bited ? Let us take our horses and beat up 
some of their quarters. I have no doub^ . 
but several will be well inclined to be friend- ' 
ly and Sociable.' — < I certainly cannot refuse 
attending on your Lordship any whefe.'— 
Accordingly they waited upon five gentlemen 
whom I had the pleasure to know, and they 
all kindly accepted an invitation to take a &- 
mily dinner at Thurcaston. When I hefrd ' 
of this at Leicester, I determined to call cm- 
Mr. Hurd, who received me with great cor- ' 
diality. * Why, Sir,' said I, * wre ia no- : 
thing talked of but your gaiety ; it has even ^ 
reached your friend Dr. Bickham at Lough- 
borough.'—' I don't doubt it,' replied he, ' 
* and, if you will pass the day with me, I * 
will treat you with some of the remains of 
the festival, and- give you an Account of all 
particulars. I can assure you, I was at first * 
alarmed as to the provision that could b^ ■ 
made by my little household; but all thei 
company were disposed to be pleased. The 
Bishop was in the highest spirits : — and 
when the gentlemen took leave of me in the 
hall, they went so far as to declare, * that ' 
they thought they had never passed a much 
pleasanter day.* — ^ And as you have been so 
successful, Sir,' I ventured to add, * in tkti J 
first effort, I have no donbt but the exMFi<" 
ment will soon be repeated.'— Mr. Hiflrd= • 
was silent. 


Litfrary Intelligence.' 


^ Al TbofM^tOftl dbink I h|d never met I thought it my duty to devote as much 

•■J one bat Mr. iBell/ the Curate, who al- time as possible to his service. I was then 

w^ teemed diasatisfied with his situation ; rather apprehensive of giving him offence, by 

he said, < 1 do not pretend to be very learn- bringing out a Tragedy at Covent-Garden 

ed, but I have never been treated with such Theatre, as taken in part from Voltaire ; but 

dii^anee, or ntber disdain.' I assured him, on the contrary, he mentioned it himelf to 

that it waa ibe manner of Mr. Hurd to me, and congratulated me on my success^ 

others ; ihat I was certlun he had a favour- but added, ' I think you have been rather 

able opinion- of him ; and I uiged him not remiss in not sending to me a copy of it.' — 

hastily to nve no his situation, for I was Of course I immediately took the hint ; and 

convinced that Mr. Hurd was intrinsically he not only received it cordially, but afler- 

good. Mr. fiall, however, would not have wards spoke handsomely of the Tragedy." 

io^g /bllowed my advice, but that bis Rec- 
tor had been appoint^ Preacher at XArx' 
coin's Inn, and he availed himself of his 
absenee to be more eomfbrtable. Mr. Ball, 

Pp. 178—182. 

Then follows some interesting par- 
ticulars respecting the poets Gray and 
Mason ; and an avowal, by Mr. Cra- 

however, was at laat eonvinced of the truth of dock, of his having been the author of 

^ my aaaeiticmai for as •oon as eve, his pour Sermons published anonymously 

Bactor roae to be Bishop of Lichfield and „„,,g, ^j,^ ^i^,/^f « ^ Essays.'^ 

Corentry, he presented the first livmg he tj^ „ ^,-, „ . , ^ . 

h»l iTSgift.'without the least appHcSion, ^r^?'" 1!,^" K^f •^''"r^?u'''S' ^r% 

to hi. aatlniahed Cumte, the iSissummg ?[ '^.f. ^^"^^^ habus of the Earls of 

JH,, B^^ ' Denbieh and Sandwich ; and the nic- 

" Almost as soon as Dr. Hurd was fixed lanchoTy caUstcophe of Miss Ray, (re- 
st Ltnooln'a Inn, he was seized with rather corded in our volume xWx. p. 210,) is 
a dangerous illness, which confined him to authentically detailed *. 
hb apartments for a great length of time j (To be continued.) 
Sid aa I then resided in Dean-street, Soho, 


Cambbidob, Jan, tf.' The Hulsean prize 
for the laat year has been adjudged to Mr. 
A. T. Rosaell, of St. John's College, for 
Kit diaaertBtton on the following subject :" 
** In what respect the Law u a schooj- 
mstter to bring us unto Christ." The fol- 
lowing is die subject of the Hulsean prize 
essay for the present year: — *' A critical 
Examination of our Saviour's Discourses, 
with regard to the evidence which they af- 
ford of his Divine Nature." 

Jan, SO. — ^The prize for the Norrislan 
essay for the year 1825 has been adjudged 
to Jas. Amiraux Jeremie, B. A. and scholar 
of Trinity College. The subject—" No 
nlid argument can be drawn from the Incre- 
dulity of the Heathen Philosophers against 
the truth of the Christian Religion." 

Ready for Publication, 
No. I. of Specimens of Ancient Arms and 
Armour, from the justly admired Collection 
of Llewellyn Meyrick, Esq. LL. B. and 
F3.A. afier the Drawings, and with the 
Descriptions, of Dr. Meyrick. Engraved 
bj Joseph Skclton, F.S.A. Author of the 
Aati<)uities of Oxfordshire, &c. 

HoraB Sabbaticse t or, an attempt to cor- 
rect certain superstitious and vulgar Errors 
respecting the Sabbath. By Godfrey Hig- 
aiNS, Esq. of Skelton Grange, near Don- 
caster. Also, by the same Author, An 
Address to the Houses of Lords and Com- 
mons in Defence of the Com Laws. 

The Naval Sketch-Book, or the Service 
afloat and ashore ; with characteristic remi- 
niscences, fragmentSf and opinions on pro- 
fessional subjects, with copious illustrative 
notes. By an Officer of Rank. 

The Adventures of a Young Rifleman, in 
the French and £ng1ish Services, during the 
War in Spain and Portugal, from 1 806 to 
1816; written by himself. 

Sir Jonah Barrinoton's Historic Me- 
moirs of Ireland, during his own times, 
with Secret Memoirs of the Union. 

The Spanish Anthology, being a transla- 
tion of the choicest specimens of the Spa- 
nish Poets, with their Biographical Notices, 
By J. H. WiFPBN. 

The Lives of the Architects, translated 
by Mrs. Edward Cressy, from the Italian 
of Mili/ia, with considerable additions and 
many notes. 

* In referring to an account of the History of Mr. Hackman, we find the following : — 
dist be was a native of Gosport, born in the year 1752 ; purchased a commission in the 
99^ Regiment; was in this capacity upon a recruiting party iu Huntingaonshire, and first 
MvMiss Ray atHinbhinbrooke in the summer of 1774. On returning from Ireland, ha 
^posed of his commission, and took orders, having obtained the living of Wiverton, iu 
Noffolk. llie sequel may be known from the fial at the Old Bailey, A|)ril 16th, I779.— ^ 

Gvirr. Mag. «/anuar^, 1826. 


66 Uierdrjg tnieUlgence* [Am , 

* • * • ■ 

Sketches selected from the Note Book of Aid in the noble fiunUiei of Howvd and 

the late Charles Hamilton, Esq. By T. K. Cecil. 

Hervey, author of AastnJia. Upwards of Pffly Etekitigs of Antiquities 

The Travellers) or. Adventures on the in Bristol By J. Skelton, F.S.A. From 

Cnntineat. Original Sketches by the late Hugh O'Neill, 

The Prophets and Apostles compared, illustrative of Memoirs of t^at City by the 

An Essay proving the ulterior application of Rev. Samuel Seyer, A. M. or to form a se* 

the Prophetic Writings ; with a Table an- parate voliune. 

nexed, explaining the Two Thousand Three The Life and Hmes of Napoleon^ princi- 

Hundred Days of Daniel. pally compiled from inedited Documents by 

■ Two Sermons preached in the Chapel In nis Companions in Arms. By Sir John 

Lewiii's Mead, Bristol, on the Morning and Byerley. 

Evening of Sunday, Oct. 16, 1 825 : — Causes A Practical Grammar of the French Lan- 

of the slow progress of Christian Truth ; a guage, illustrated by copious Examples and 

Discourse delivered before the Western Exercises. By J. Rowbotham. 

Uuiurian Society, in the Conigre Meeting The Book of Nature ; being a Succession 

House, Trowbricfee, Wilts, on Wednesday, of Lectures formerly delivered at the Surrey 

July 18, 1895. Sy Robert AsPLAND. Institution, as a popular Illustration of the 

Au Inquiry into the right by which cer- general Laws and Phenomena of Creation, 

tain individuals assume tfie title of Doctor Bj Dr. John Mason Gooob, F.R.S. 

of Laws, explaining, in manr cases, the The Fifth Part of Mr. Blore's Monu- 

manner in which that degree has been ob- mental Antiquities of Great Britain, 

tained, and the sums paid for the same. By . A Metrical Praxis for the Schools, Iwing 

William Gillchrist Smith, LLD. an easy Introduction to the writing all kinds 

The sUte of the Protestant Religion in of Latin Verse. By the Rev. John Simp- 

Germany; in a series of Discourses preached son, LL.D. A Key will be printed for 

before the University of Cambridge. By the use of Tutors. 

the Rev. Hugh James Rose, M.A. of ' Memoirs of the Court of Henry the 
Trinity College, and Vicar of Horsham, Eighth, including an Account of the Mo- 
Sussex, nastic Institutions in England at that period. 
The Portable Diorama, consisting of Ra- Memoirs of Henry the l^ourth of France, 
mantic. Grand, and Picturesque bcenery; By Miss Benoer. 

with the necessary Apparatus for producing The Fugitive Pieces of the late Thomas 

the various ^ects oif Sunrise, Moonlighij, .Hinderwell, Esq. Author of the History 

&c. on the principle of the Diorama in the and Antiquities of Scarborough ; to whicn 

Regent's Park; accompanied with a new will be pre6xed a Biographical Sketch of the 

work, entitled the Amateur's Assistant. Author. By John Cole. 

By J. Clark. ^ 

Preparing/or Publication, Russian Literature. 

Sir William Dugdale's Life, Diary, and The progress of civilization in Russia, 

Correspondence. By William Hamper, within tnese few years, has been so nu>id and 

Esq. from the original MSS. in the posses- extraordinary, when compared with the bar- 

sion of the present representative of the barism of the early part of last century, that 

fiunily, D. S. Dugdale, Esq. M. P. fur the following synoptical view of her litera- 

Warwickshire. ture. Arts, and 'Sciences, cannot fiul to be 

A Second Series of Mr. Ellis's Collec* interesting, especially at a time when the 

tion of Historical Letters, iirom manuscripts eyes of Europe are directed to her present 

in the British Museum, of which Mr. £. political chimges. 

possesses the official custody. At Moscow there is a " Society of Rus- 
Histury of King Richard the Tlurd, fi'om sian History and Antiquities," which has 
the original manuscripts of Sir George Buck, charged M. KaUidovitch with the task of 
By Mr. Singer. publishing the most ancient Russian Chro- 
Memoirs of the Rival Houses of York nicle extant, beiug that which is commonly 
and Lancaster. By Miss Roberts. called the Chronicle of Nestor, from the 
A Picturesque Tour in Spain, Portugal, name of the transcriber. This Chronicle, 
and along the Coast of Africa, ^ou Tan- which Is also called the Chrordde rfPousch- 
giers to Tetuau. By J. Taylor, Knight of kin, and the Chronicle <^ Souxdalet was 
the Legion of Honour. composed, in 1377, by a Monk named La- 
Mr. Lodge, whose admirable publication vrenti, for the Grand Duke Constantinovich. 
of Portraits and Biography forms the most In 1811, the above' mentioned socitigr com* 
valuable, at the same time that it is the missicmed Professor Timkovsky to publish 
most 'splendid graphic publication of the this work. The Professor carefuUr Defied 
a^e, is pieparing a new edition of *< Lodge's the whole» and had proceeded so mr aa |o 
Illustrations of British History, Biograpliy, print thirteen sheets, when (he greater part 
and Manners," from uri^Inal Letters and of the impression, together with the So- 
Papers preserved in the College of Arms, ciety's library^ was burnt in the oonfl^gra- 

189^] Ruttian LUer4itur€* 6f 

tiom oiMtmoow in 1811. M. Kakidoritch Jangui^e* The same writer Iwd, in 1819, 

hM |)cil>tislied to much of the copy as comes translated Into Russian Franeceurs Cours des 

doira to A. D. 1019> and ii to proceed with Mathematiques, and in 1830, .an elemen- 

the rest. tary woric on Arithmetic. The only origi- 

Nicolas Chretch has written an abridged nal Russian worlc of merit on Mathematical 

History of Russian Literature C' Opite krat- subjects previously to M. PerevoztchikofiTs, 

koi Tilaru^ Sec.), published in Russian, at was a treatise on Algebra, published about 

St. Petersburg, in 18S2. The author di- twelve years ago, by M. Piatof Garaaley, an 

videa his fitstonr into two parts, the first author of profound erudition. There nave, 

reacbinf from the middle of the ninth to however, been several Russian translations 

the end of the seventeenth century, the of mathematical works from the French and 

lecond laachmg to the present time. This German; but the number of persons in Rus- 

work is dedicated to Count Romanzoff, the sia who devote themselves to the study of 

eol^tened and zealous patron of literature mathematics is small. 
and the'arta : it has already been translated Geography has been rather more culti- 

bto the Polish language, and is about to be yated. In 1 823 was published in Russian, 

translated into German and French. Prince at Moscow, Noveiskaia guiographiichekaia 

Tzertelef is engaged on ^ work of a similar t istorUcheskaia Izvestia o Kavkaz^, new geo- 

kind, of which some portions have been in* graphical and historical notices on Caucasus, 

lerted in a periodical Russian publication. by Semen Bronevsky, who having accompa- • 

Amone toe Russian ^oets of the present nied the mission to Persia, In 1796, re-. 
hj may DC mentioned IzmalloflF and Krilof. mained in Georgia from 180(2 to 1804, as 
A Somth edition of the Russian Fables and Director of the Chancery under Prince Tzit- 
Tales of Izmallof, was published at St. Pe- zianof. M. Bronevsky has consulted the 
tersbarg in 1831. The author was bom works of all preceding authors, both on thq 
in 1779» and began to compose early. He natural and civil history of Caucasus, and 
has written in different literary Journals, has corrected tlieir statements by his own 
and ia President of the Society of Friends of observations on the spot, so that his work 
Literature, Science, and the Arts, at St. presents a complete statistical and historical 
Petersburg. M. Krilofs Fables are well description of a country little known in £u- 
kaown by the various translations of many rope, but extremely interesting on many 
of tbem into foreign languages. In 1822, a accounts. The mountaius, rivers, and ua- . 
Selecti(m from his Fables, translated into tural productions of the coimtry, ore de- 
French verse, was published at St. Peters- scribed with spirit and accuracy, the popu- 
boig. It is said that M. Krilof means lation, revenue, and trade of the inhabitants, 
ibortly to add to the six hooks of his ori- are fully stated, as are their customs, man- 
gioal Russian Fables a seventh. M. De ners, laws, and religion. It is remarkable 
Saint Maure has inserted in his Anlhologie how closely the j)icture of their virtues, 
Russify ten of Krilofs Fables. vices, and other habits, moral and physical. 

The principal physicians of St. Petersburg approaches to that of the barbarians whn in- 
form a Society, which publishes essays on habited Northern Europe, in the fourth and 
medical subjects in German under the title fifth centuries. 

^ Fennischle Abhandlungen atis dein Gebiete Pimteschestvne vokrong Svcta, &c. pub- 

der Heilkunde. The two last volumes of lished at St. Petersburg in ^822, contains 

this work, published in 1821 and 1823, con- the voyage of Capt. Golovnin round the 

tain articles by Doctors Blunif Mulhausen, world, in the brig of war Kamptchaka, in 

Harder^ MulUr, Buschy Wolf, Ranch J Smith f 1817, 1818, and 1819. This voyage, is 

Lerehey Mulius, fVeisse, Kranigsfeld, Mayer, already well-known to the English reader. 

and Reman. The Russian work is divided into two parts 

Zoology has been recently treated by Mi- — one containing a simple narrative of the 

ckd Maximcvich in a Russian work, en- voyage, with a description of the countries 

titled Glcamia Osnovania, &c. of which the visited, excluding, as much as possible, all 

1st volume was published at Moscow, in technical expressions ; the other describing 

1824. This is tne first original work on those things, and offering those observa- 

Zoology composed in the Russian language, tions which peculiarly relate to seamen and 

In Entomology, the Baron de Manner- maritime matters, 
heim, a Member of the Society of Natural M. Timkovsky, a person holding an im- 

History at Moscow, published at St. Peters- portant post in the Asiatic department of 

Wg, in 1823, a treatise in Latin on the the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, published, 

chss of insects called Eacnemis. — The au- in 1824, the 1st volume of a work, called 

iW is employed in the administration of PorttestcheslvU v^KitaU &c. or a Journev to 

the civil Government of Fmland, but devotes China by way of Mogul Tartary. This vo- 

kit leisure to the study of Natural History, lume contains the traveller's journal from 

Demitri Perevoztchikof, Assistant Profes- the time of his leaving Kiachta till his airi- 

**» ia the University of Moscow, published val at Pekio. The second volume is to coii- 

in U22, Glaimie Osnrwmiie, &c. (Primary tain an account of his residence in the Clii- 

fJeneots of Geometry) in the Russian ncsc capital^ and the third is to ^i\e a 


iluitittn LUeraiure.'^ArU and Sdmca. 


sketch of tba oocurrencet on hb return, 
with a description of Mooffolia, its inhabi- 
tants, and the religion of Buddha which 
they profess. Some time previously M. 
r^uravieff published a description of Turko- 
mama and Kchiva. Baron Meyendorf, who 
accompanied the Russian £mbassy to Buc- 
caria, in 1820 and 1821, has drawn up an 
account of Ills travels ; and, lastly^ another 
geographical work, in Russian, is announced 
^r publication, containing a complete de- 
scription of the Steppes of the Kirguises, 

The number of periodical publications in 
Russia amounts to nearly 70, and they may 
1)6 classed as follows: — Published at St. 
Petersbnrgh, in the Russian language — The 
Asiatic Messenger; the .Well- meaner; the 
Journal of Liberal Arts ; the Journal of the 
Imperial Philanthropic Society; Notices 
relative to the progress of Public Instruc- 
tion ; the News of the Russian Academy ; 
the News of Litftrnture ; the National In- 
telligencer ; the Technological Journal ; the 
Champion of Knowledge and Beneficence; 
the Son of the Country; the Archives of 
the North ; the Memoirs of the Free Eco- 
nomical Society in Russia; the Guide for 
Physic, Chemistry, Natural History, and 
Technology; the Christian Lectures; the 
Seal placed upon real Estates (a kind of Ju- 
tlicial Journalj ; the Proceedings of the Se- 
nate ; the Russian Invalid ; the Academical 
Gazette of St. Petcrsburgh ; the St. Peters- 
^burgh Price Current; the Ga/ette of the 
Senate ; the Northern Bee. In the Ger- 
man language — ^The St. Pctersburgh Jour- 
nal i the St. Petcrsburgh Academical Ga- 
zette ; the Gazette of the Senate of St. 
Petersburgh ; the St. Petersburgh Jourpal 
of Commerce; the St. Petersburgh Price 
Current ; the Harp of the North, a Musical 
Journal. In the French language — Me- 


Steam Vessels. 

There is now a contrivance employed on 
board a Scottish steam boat, which might 
be generally adopted with great advantage 
in other vessels of a similar kind. By the 
simple motion of a small handle or index, 

f>laced on a table upon deck, in view and in 
learing of the man at the helm, and of the 
master of the vessel, every movement which 
the engine is capable of giving to the paddle- 
wheel may be at once commanded. The 
vessel may be moved forwards or backwards, 
or may be retarded, or entirely stopped, at 
auy given moment, by merely turning the 
handle to the places denoted by the gradua- 
tions of a dial-plate. No skill is required 
for this purpose ; so that the master him- 
self, or a sailor under his directions, can 
perform the office as well as the ablest en- 
|rineer. Thus the confusion which frequently 
arises at night, in calling to the engineer 
below, is avoided, and any ambiguity arismg 

moln of the St. PetflffilNif|^ ImptfAl Am- 
demy of Sciences ; the Pohtical tiid litaraij 
Journal of St. Petershnrgh. The Mnteui 
for Children is also published M St. Peten- 
burgh, in the French, Gemutn, and Unatiuii 
— Published at Moscow, in the Rtusian In- 
guage, the European Messenger; Um Li- 
dies Journal; Notices for HoraeFascien} 
the Historical, Statistical, and OeoghifAiieal 
Journal ; the Moscow Telegraph ; the New 
Magazine of Natural History, Chetnistiir, 
&c. ; the Russian Messenger ; Essayi m 
prose and verse ; the Moscow Gazette. At 
Dorpt, in the German language, the New 
Museum of the German Piroidncei of Rus- 
sia ; the Dorpt Gazette. At Ldbau, in the 
German language, the Weekly Jonma] of 
Libau. At Mittau, in the German bus- 

Eiage, Memoires of the Coorland Socie^'of 
iterature and Art; the Mittau News ; the 
Universal German Gazette of Russia. In 
the Livonian languace, the Mittau livanian 
Gazette, and the livonian Journal. At 
Pernau, the Weekly Journal of Pemao. In 
the Esthonian language, the Weeldy Jour- 
nal for the inhabitants of the country. The 
Official Journal, Essays intended to condnoe 
to the knowledge of the Livonian langnsge. 
At Revel, in the German langw^, Uie 
Revel Weekly Advertiser. At Riga, in the 
German language, the Medico-Pharmaceutic 
Journal; the Journal of the Baltic Pro- 
vinces and of Riga i the Spectator ; the 
Riga Gazette ; the Riga Advertiser. At 
Wjlna,.in the Polish lang^iage, the Wilna 
Journal; the Journal of Benevolence; the 
Proceedings of the Wilna Medical Socie^ ; 
the Lithuan*ian Courier. At Odessa, in the 
French language, the Journal of Odessa, or 
Commercial Courier of New Russia. At 
Cronstadt, in the English language, the St. 
Petersburgh Price Current. 


from the word of command being tnuMDit- 
te<l through several persons, entirely pre- 
vented. In point of fiict, it places the 
engine as much under command as the rud- 
der is — an undoubted improvement v^Mm 
the clumsy method of bawlipg out to the 
engineer below, who may either not hear, or 
may be chance to be out of the way— dr- 
cumstances which may lead to the most 
serious accidents. 

Loco-MOTiTE Carriage. 

A new species of self-impelling carriage 
has been invented by a M. Barret, of Lyons, 
which is capable of performing a distance of 
ISO leagues in 15 houn. It was lately ex- 
hibited at Lyons by M. Barret, who went 
in it firom his own house, in the Place des 
Celcstins, to the Porte St. Clair. The car- 
riage rests upon three wheels ; one <^ these 
is placed in front, and acts as a sort of rud- 
der to regulate the motions of ^ vehicle. 

ItM.] drH Mt Scknۤ8. 69 

ApaimmtkiAagkkijtmhfifQiABQmkft lepatate .thvltle. AU the aooessorlM are 

M(i the two greater wheen in motion, by applicable to these Ioobm, and are set in 

owaas of Kb feet, which he strikes aher- motion bjr the hand by alternately pushing 

ostely ittainet a pieoe of mechanism formed the clapper, which is on wheels, and works 

ia the mtflriotw The carriage by each horizcmteUy. It receives its motion from % 

ttroVe ia waim to p er for m a distance of six- pully,' with a twisted leather strap,' 'arirf Wto 

teen fieetv from which the whole distance springs placed at each side of the loom. It 

can easily be calculated. The person who is capable of bemg applied to ao iafiaife 

Rgolatea die moveoients of the directing- variety of purposes. 

wheel, or mdder, has it in his power to Matthbws' Sapbty Gio. 

tmij omswHa wwucto ut |>i«w». oumeTous ■ccidents occauoDcd by the trip- 

InrBOVSD Udomitbr. ping or fmlliDg of honei •ttaohwl to two- 

n shew the qutatUi/ rf' nan fallen. "heeled Tchidei. The mod* by which 

A einmkr b«!B b mud* of tia pktei, or '^t^ 'f *?*^ '», *°V *^ ^f "* ^«>^ 

S> « to form . aSl fomid it , about *» "f^IT^lu**" T^'- T" f°l'" 

klf «. iBoh &t>m the bottom of thi. veuel '""" '""•''„*° ***!» ' f"* "^^ «f .*« 

m epertun U >»d., in otder that the water S^-^^-.Th'". without any very »«.bl., 

Ba7«mr fill thia baain, but eKape through tfP'J^'f VX ''T* ^'- ^'PP'°6.<«>°*«,'* 

^fenm into a cylindrical receiver 6,- ' !* ^"J »' ""* '^'^^ »«» a .ledge, that 

i^TL thia i»cei»er a verticJ .lit i. made •'«^' °° f*" 6™""^- J^ ..^o"? » «>» 

Kale, divided into inche. Knd part,, filed " *» P7*°' "" *"'»«• .7?" " f ,»" "^ 

doo^ide , a tube closed by a iork i. fixed j""* ""y, '"?', ?' J"''' Z^/'^ In »" other 

«S lower part of the vessel for emptying t''""»'««'ed «»"«•«» *<»•><» fo«« k.m down- 

it when fhll of water. This basin is con- ^^/' rj* o 

.ected by mean, of a tube above with ano- Mu.tard Twie o» the Scwptore.. 

tber basin of less dimensions, which Is sur- Mr, J. Frost, F. S. A. F. L. S. has com« 

mounted by a cylindrical reservoir, provided munlcated to the *< Journal of Science" 

SI in the before-mentioned, with a vertical >ome remarks on the mustard tree of the 

sfit covered with glass ; and likewise with a Scriptures, Luke xill. 19. Mr. F. observes, 

Male lengthened in the ratio of the differ- " That a grain, of mustard seed should be- 

ence of the diameter of the two basins, come a tree,^ must have appeared to many 

This reservoir is constructed much like those paradoxical." «* I am not acqiiamted with 

tt$ed to supply oil to the wick of an argand *°y species of si?iapis that can be called a 

lamp, it is therefore filled with water on shrub, much less a tree." «« The ulant 

being put into its place, and by means of "^os' I'^ely to be the mustard tree of the 

the tube of communication the larger basin Scriptures Is a species of Phytolacca, which 

U always replenished with the precise quan- grows abundantly In Palestine : it has the 

tity of water that escapes from it by evapo- smallest seed «f any tree in that country, 

ntion when no rain is falling. The index and attains as great an altitude as any. Two 

to the larger vessel shews, therefore, pretty ^*cts confirm this opinion. The Americans 

accurately, the quantity of rain that has "se the fresh sliced root of Phytolacca De- 

&llen into the basin, while^he index to the candra, for the same purpose as we use mus- 

tmaller one exhibits in like manner the ^^^ seed, viz. that of a Cataplasm. The 

quantity that has evaporated from it. seed of a species of Phytolacca affords what 

Weaviwo Machine. *^f ^^^ °^ *''T' ""'^"^ ^"^l *° abundance, 

. , nitrogen} an element not found m many 

M. Augustln Coront, of Lyons, has m- plants, except those belonging to the nattt- 

vented an admirable machine, by which a ,^1 orders Cniciatae and Fungi." 
tingle workman can conduct six rotatory 

kxims, and weave silk, cotton flax, hemp, ^^^^ ^^^ ^^W»- 
and wool, into a plain or figured stuffs, with M. Majendie lately read a case of deaf 
a celerity and perfection hitherto unknown, and dumb before the Royal Institute of 
This skilful mechanic has conceived the Idea France. It was that of a boy nine years 
of two looms, which, by their combinations of age, who was restored to hearing and 
and the adaptation of two pieces, form a speech by Dr. Deleau, of Paris. Several 
third. The first has already been used in cases of the same description, within these 
the &brication of crape, of seven-eighths few years, have come under the care of Mr. 
tafetas, of three quarters calicoes ; the se- Curtis, the surgeon to the Royal Dispen- 
coad in making figured stuffs ; and the sary, for diseases of the car, which have 
third, set up as a five-fourth machine, two yielded to his judicious and attentive treat- 
pieces of half- ell wide, each divided by a roent. 




On Elizabeth, the lametUed Ihchesf ^ 

£\H» hiihei oomei 'wttktearii withiighty 

In tender sorrow shun ; 
Here, early lort, bright Rutland lice— 
The mirror of thefitir ! 

Oaf, beauty, then, no winning f)rce» 

iBferiouB death to stay ? 
Moat even virtue meet the coitfw> 

That hnrriea ^feaw^y ? 
Beautilea are floiweM, in vernal state. 

On which theinom has shone.; 
SaHeet is their tenure, birief their dale,-^ 

They bloom, and they are gone !, 

Virtues surrive the fleeting breath. 

In pure, in holy trust ; 
They nold a victory in death. 

And triumph in the dust \ 

Here, as the virtues found new birthy 

Firm hope to grief is given ; 
For she, tnat bloom'd a rose on earth. 

May shine a star in Heaven I 

LuMLkV St. Oko. SKiPPiiroTQib 

My the Author jo/** Massenburg." 

"EORTH the yonng soldier went. AmbitioUA 
Was kindling high within the ardent breast. 
And ever and anon bright glances cAme, 
Like light'nmg flasnes o'er that troubled 
The sea's deep ilumber ere it wakes in wrath. 
And the proud thonghts swell'd 'neath 
the CThnson vest, [forth, 

like the rough billows when its rage breaks 

The loftv plume waved vrith a martial pride, 
Aud the broad light was on his cuirass 
His untried sword was belted by his side. 

And forth into the world he went alone; 
What, though his mother'9 anguished tears 
yet lay, [shone. 

And on lus cheek undried all brightly 
Its Bre soon scorched the holy drops away. 

Onward he press'd, until he gun'd the brow 
Of the proud steep th»t overhung the scene. 

Of all his past delights. The cottage now. 
Half hid by nature's own umbrageous 

Reposed in shadow, while a stream of light 
Between the hill and vale did intervene, 

Leaving his lost house in a gloom like night. 

And here he paused, and turned awhile to 
On the fisir valley he had left behind. 
Following, with anxious eye, the wandering 
That by hb own forsaken cot did wind. 

And traced in memory each fitmiHar thing. 
Until they seemed apparent to his mind. 
Realities so near can niicy brings 

Again he seemed to hear his Asdther's prayer 
Uiged stronglt, wildly — ill hisr agony. 

The pleadings of h^r fond itoatdmal bore. 
And the deep bitterness of her hopeless cry; 

The waiting soaikd still I'ung v^^&a his ear. 
Still, stiQ.. he aaw the wild glare, of her eye^ 

And all the passion of her woe and fear. 

And other eyes were blinded in their grief, 
Tl\ough the fiur lida had sought their 
shame to hide^ 
No hope to that lone heart could brti^reliel^ 
And woman's grief was ruled by woman's 
Thus is it ever that that greatest wpe. 

Which woman's do<Kn ofmiserydoth betide, 
Unpitied still she bears^ but may not show. 

Soft stealing thoughts — remembered tender- 

Came like soft dew upon his burning soul } 
Were it not better still to stay and bless. 

Aye, and be bUsiednthermn dare the roll. 
The headlong furj of the battle's tide, 

Uift in Aer arms, and own her soft controul, 
Than seek fruition of liis hopes of pride. 

He turned his steps towards the lowly plain , 
Thought of the hearta he sfaouM with 
rapture fill. 

When anddenly upon hit ettrt a strain 
Of martial melody broke o'er the hill ; 

He turned again witn headlong haste away. 
Nor son,— nor lover,—- but a soldier still : 

Life, fiune» and fortune* all before him lay. 


^Hwell! ahwella-dayl 

And is mv lover then untrue, 
And all the hopes my fimcy drew. 

Faded away. 

I' that man but sigh'd, 

And proffered fondness, to betray ; 
But laugh'd, when vroman foil a prey 

To hitf arts, and died. 

But he I lov'd, did breathe 
Such a soft tale into my ear. 
Such oaths, that quite subdued all foar, 

—Made me believe. 

And I gave up my heart. 

And joy saw never noore, for soon 
His eyes, that once so fond had shone. 

Did coldness dart. 

O, cease my heart to ache — 

It ne'er will cease while I doth live ; 
A sigh, a groau> it just would give, 

Bre it doth break. L. W. W. 

UFE. Wb«M tht Tlolat Uda IM UqihlH bnd ? 

TirHENE'ER ws f^el >fflic[)ciD'B rod, <^i» wmxIbiiM ih^k, 

Wa <hei0 uoklod oui gncioas God j •■Hi oil 1 t«ll iM--;^hm alt Ooa Ud > . 

HUgoodneMwasmign! Spihit. 

y«c«Jd-*. d»<l^gh_cJLlm«uon'.«^, Daring Mmstr.l! «<,uld'.I thoa l«* . . ,■- 

C™p«o the goad ii..lh ill ; i„ u.tura'i hUden in«lic book ■ 

Obi blMUHgi -ouid oui (sriisfi outweigh, Mortal eye Imth ne'er beheld 

And their Hiu gncioua still ! ImmottJicy un.eil'd. ', 

Thui tnnaimt clumti obicurg (tie tlij. Where 1 am, — cliau csa'it not knuwi . 

(Emlihauof huRunirae) 1 What I un,— 1 dace doF b1idW|— . ' 

Till ihebrighlSuH ihiDeifunh on high, Liiteo to the whlsp'ring btcei*,— ' '' ' ^, 

IVIih undimlnuh'd glow 1 Tii my breath tliat fani ttie Irpes ; ' ',' j 

SiHrt. E. T. PiLCRIM. )L«ult upon the bloomiiif rmB.^- 

# "Hi m; bluih with Hhlcli it cUvn ; "" 

KIBBY MOOBSJDE". Ip the violet'i modest In 

fTHROUGH ihe lot'd haunW of thy to- J^"" "1)"^^ raj"?' "fblus; 

Dear KiRnV Moon! how often \J.e 1 Mj »P°tl™ pu»tj yo" mee; 

O. t.ki4 bUthotkrougK e.'ryopVing Emhkm of .ra«w^ might, 

gladi " ' fshade The talle.l poplar', graceful .Wm, , , 

Pricnroie m.d coirUJpj-or beneath thy J' ."""", "'l '"'"''^™,= 

IUc1inio6carel™aear.™e favourite tree. Mm.ttel, >eek do more tokn™, . 

(Whiltt nature amiled la verdant robes ^S"™ '"" ™' ' ''"f "fl^^JT- 

Kou'd 1 Rlona! ejre liath oe'er beheld 

T-oed n.y yoi^s ^"P ><> ■""«» "fables. I"""»r"lltJ """ikd- Mil* 

gle.. _ [mU„l«.l,y. - ' ' ♦ — 

And tliui pour'd forth thy pralne in irildeet -rn 

Haai goddea.oflhLilonelyVale, «r. „ V . , ,.^ 

Spirit o7light «,d beaut,, taill Qir^th. a«rer.^.«rtljblw.- 

iC l«e ™t dreaa-d, ' Vf Y«l **-^W* i« W-t d«r to<, 

Ib a daMlioe vest * "*• ""*• "•* "'>'<* "*"• ff<"» 
And icicle, gemra'd thy loftj erest. *»1 ow«M">g U««i Bk**.,, ■ 

But tbylobe of white,— it nielted sway, 'And int I Icna dte Violet MCofc, ' 
H'heu yoaag Spring shot forth her reviving Content it bloom), tho' Boa> tamfm 

. The •pplaoMve =• -'—'• — — <- 

Aod the dew-drupa ftll on her gentle bosom. But hideii id 

doth not BC 

BOW n Dioaaom. lu form and emhlemi well urea ; 

And aow Aoa art leeo Tbongh thuply clothed, it glads, the Mght ; 

Ina ioIm of gnan, — Hjaiigb nnobtruuTo cbanM )lkB tbait 

A>d where » U» eye that hath loo^d "f WhW. acorn. «l»,'.*ctee, 

I J. J ^.^. .1. ■ w.*'^ ' WMeothtra fly the Winter', gloom, 

Inaeglawofhvjoath or. n Winter. l, >« fci^y i „».. like tj^. 

IW hath not amiled and reioic d to tea, , , , , . , , 

Tba in both thou art lovolj and gi«»fcl ^ ^.^ J"""" ^' Ae apol, : ^ 

,^ J . Where Ubour re«t. it doth not ma, 

Thatapa«»r«M.«., But gracM oft the malic', cot, -^ 

Onbe^ of nie^ fpouM. ADdteadjeaBontantniBntnBindliwtii**. 

And Hon hath a«attw'd her fragrant I lore the WoodUne, for it aindi 

Aod whan night hath mantled the londj It. tendril, round a atron^r tna. 

Vale, Adorn, the abelcaihig trunk it luDd., 

Aod thamoon.hineaforthln herlu.trepde, And claim, a kind .npport like lhea> 

How .weet are the rtraina of the nighUnglle I I loie the Roa* — becMue it. cheek . 

"'" hla'. •irein beam Qlowa Sreah nth health and cheeifiilglef, 

icapeor faifcr'aeene. lU tint, the toneh of beant; apeak, 

Bttl I codileH of tha loneU Vale, ~ Tit baauty'a far'iita — 'ti. lila thee. 

Vit^llghtaodhaautj.Wl! To number more wew waate of tima, ] . 

to-afrom tbj l™e «qne.wred grot, i„ .^^ ,[„„.„ ,i„.^ j,,,^ ,^ 

Aai Ma.. wUh th^ ro» thi. favour d'y.t, whaie'ar Aair hiia^ whata'er Ihaii sUm( 
- IloAU^Mmotf whenmeitUe Ibaa.. 

. C 72 ] 





The spirit of revolt in Spein is every 
where ripe: the people are starring, and 
at Madrid the price of oread u risen so much 
as to have caused a general commotion; 
the troops were called out» when the King 
interfered, and promised to see the wrongs 
of the people redressed. The roads are 
swarming with banditti ; m the early part of 
last month they attacked the Cadiz dili- 
gence, vid killed the greater part of the 
escort. Five Constitutional soldiers were 
lately executed at Madrid, merely because 
they had, when serving the Cortes, levied 
military contributions. 

A tremendous hurricane at Gibraltar, on 
the 16th ult. caused a dreadful destruction 
of property and lives, increased by the in- 
ikmous conduct of the Spanuh troops, at a 
time when the rage of elements oniinarily 
suspends human aniniosities. Upwards of 
800 vessels were driven on shore, and a 
great many small craft sunk at their moor^ 
ings. Amongst the former was the Co- 
lumbian privateer General Soublette, the 
crew of which, in swimming towards the 
English lines, were fired upon in the water 
by Spanish soldiers, and many of them 
killed: some were saved by the English 
officers, who, at the risk of their lives, went 
in a boat on board the wreck, and were fired 
at by the dastardly Spaniards. About 70 
remained on board uutil the evening, when 
they delivered themselves up to their per- 
aecutcnrs, oo condition that they should be 
considered as Columbians, and their lives 


Intelligence from St. Petersburgh details 
smne serious disturbances in consequence of 
Constantino having renounced the throne 
in favour of his brother, the Grand Duke 
Nicholas. It appears, that the Grand Duke 
Constantine, at the period of his marriage 
signed an act, renouncing his right of sue- 
ceuion to the tlurone, in nvour of the Grand 
Duke Nicholas, three copies of which were 
secretly deposited with the Senate, the 
Synod, and the Supreme Council of the 
Empire, which were not to be opened but 
on the death of the Emperor Alexander. 
Immediately on the news being received, 
the packets were officially opened ; but, from 
respect for the hereditary rights of his elder 
brother, the Grand Duke Nicholas declared, 
on the spot, that he renounced the benefit 
of the act in question, and that lie would 
take the oath of fidelity to the Emperor 
Constantine I. The Senate, the great Dig- 
nitaries of the Empire, and the soldiers, 
ioXiowtd his example, and, from that mo- 

ment, they were only oocupied In loQlang 
for tlie arrival of their new oovereigii. But 
the latter, fiuthful to the ■rnuwMMDta to 
which he had subeeribed, mam ao pre- 
uarations for quitting Wamw, when he 
held himself nwdv to aeknowle^ge the Em- 
peror Nicholas toe First. Ho wahod fbr 
orders, without which he thought lie eodd 
not leave h'ls resideiibe. This singular state 
of things contimie^ till the mmwwl of nu- 
merous ^nriers at Warsaw, bringing with 
them the adhesion of the Imperial Family, 
and the great bodies of the Senate. On the 
95th of December, however, tlie Qiaad 
Duke Nicholas reftd, in the Senate, die 
formal renunciation of tke . crown l^ bis 
brother, and declared that he accepted the 
throne. He wu immediately proclaimed 
Emperor of Russia. On the S6tb the Ma- 
nifesto of Nichoks the First was pobliilied. 
This document details, with mnen perspii* 
cuity and historical precision, the renun- 
ciation of Constantine j and the diplomatic 
acts by which it u attewted are tffiMd to It. 
The same day the regiments of the Gvaids 
were to take the oath. It waa known that 
the Moscow itegiment interposed difBedtfes. 
Two companies of grenadiers of thia Kgi- 
menr sallied firom their barraokt, with their 
colours, and proclaimed Constantine the 
First* These men proceeded to the square 
of Isaac, where they were soon Joined by 
great numbers of the people,' bv the sol- 
diers of the Body Grenadier RegUMnt, and 
the Marines of the Guard. No other corps 
took part in the sedition, and it appears that 
the numbers of the &ctious did not exceed 
9000. Informed of these disorders. Ge- 
neral Miloradovitch proceeded to the sqoara 
to address the rebels. But at that moment 
a man in plain clothes fired a pistol shot at 
him, of which he died some hours afWmurda. 
The Emperor himself appeared without arms, 
and attempted to reclaim the mutineers, but 
without success. In the end, after hanring 
exhausted all gentle means-rafter having in 
vain explained the circumstance of, the re- 
nunciation of Constantine — he Was fbreed 
to order his troops and artillery to advance. 
The rebels having formed themselves into 
a square, had the audacity to fire first, but 
were soon dispersed, and pursued in all 
, directions. The number killed is said to 
amount to two hundred. At six o'oloek 
order was re-establbhed, the troops remained 
fiiithfiil, and the greater portion oi tham 
bivouacked all night round the Palace. The 
Grand Duke Michael, who arrived in St. 
Petersburg at the moment of the tumult, 
succeeded in reclaiming six con^Nmies 
of the Moscow Regiment, who took no 
part in the revolt, but who xefuaed to tako 


Fin^i^n N9^s. 


Um mik of fi4^IStj»^<l hr bd then;i ta t))e 
•Mistaaoe of his brotlier. Generals Fre- 
derilcB aad Scheotcliin were wovmiiedi The 
Emperors whoa tbronglM^ut the day, dis- 
played the most noble traits of charactejr, 
reviewed tW troops oo the following day 
io garrtsoa. The Marmes of the^Gruards 
manifested ih9 most sincere repentance, and 
« obtained their pardon: many officers have 
been arretted. Dnriog four hours, whic)i 
were ooonpied in parleying with the troops 
before it was determined to employ force, 
the Bomber of the rebels was not greatly 
u^mentedy aad it is very probable that the 
greater part were.more misled than guilty., 

Tbe ChrisUsna Gazette, of December 8, 
contuns the official news of a treaty con- 
doded on the 9th of November last, be- 
tween the King of Sweden and Norway, 
isd the Kinf; ofGreat Britain. The King 
of Sweden engages to cause penal laws to 
be passed, as soon as possible, against the 
Slave Trade. The vessels suspected are 
reciprocally liable to be visited hy the ships 
of war of the contracting parties, and suB- 
ject to confiscation in case the suspicion 
ibouid prove to be well founded. Twb 
tribnna}* are to be established, one in the 
isbod of St. Bartholomew, the other at 
Sierra Leone, on the coast of Africa, to 
decide the actions which shall be brought 
in co B s e qoence of the capture of ships, atid 
to adjudge tbe Indemnities to be given in 
esses of detention without diie greimds. 


Sometime ago, the British Government, 
excited by a noble spirit of enterprise, sent 
oat two vessels to survey the hitherto im- 
known coast of Eastern Africa, and the 
island of Madagascar. Several useful dis- 
coveries have been made, connected with 
the geogn^hy, manners, &c. of those bar- 
barons regions; and the following curious 
ptrticulars, dated October 18th, frum H. M. 
Ship BaracouiiL, one of the vessels em- 
ployed on tbe expedition, will prove inter- 

On the 1 8th July last we sailed from the 
Isle of France, (leaving the Leven, which 
is employed in the same way as ourselves, 
in port,) for the purpose of completing the 
lorvey of the coast of Madagascar. In 
fimty-seven hours we made Table or Sandy 
Island, a low sand bank in the vicinity of St. 
Mary's Island. Having surveyed it, and 
given it its proper position, we proceeded 
to tbe French settlement at St. Mary's, and 
hsd an opportunity of observing the rapid 
isiprovement of the port and town under 
.the present Commandant. This island is 
^Mad to be extremely rich and luxuriant, 
capable of any improvement; but being 
clothed wUb smpendous vegetation, refusing 

Gcrr. Mao. January^ IB99, 


,adipittance to, heat, imd iJmosjb U> light, 
. being subjept, also, to excessive rains, the 
gb^oaut waters, stamps, and marshes, have 
'.hitherto, rendered it fatally noxious. 

Standing clpse into Foule Pointy two gups 
were observed fired onshore,^ and supposing 
them intepded as signals from Mr. Hasty, 
the resident British a^ent at. Madagiscst', 
requesting a conference, we entered a^d 
anchored under the Ppint: it is one of the 
best known ports in the island, and has lone 
been.freqiiented by .the riee and buUocK 
traders from the Isle of France and Bourbon. 
Hasty's business was this: — A rebeUious 
conspiracy having lately occurred amoiig 
some powerful Chie& in the neighbourhood 
of the Point, against the government pf 
Radama, a division of whose army was then 
encamped there, it had been debated, hy 
the principal men, whether or not they 
should be attacked by this diviuon^tonce, 
without waiting for the sanction of the 
Sovereign. As the merit of every self- 
originating enterprise depends very largeW 
upon its success, the Prince commanding 
the t'oule Point detatchmeat had no wish to 
take upon him this responsibility, especially 
^ the enemy outnuxpbered him in an over- 
whelming degree s but the majority of iiie 
council being in favour of an attack, and 
Hasty haying used all his influence and 
argument to effect it, the war was agreed 
upon, and an immediate movement con- 
certed. Hasty, having thus much opencNl 
the busii^ess, wished the Barracouta to con- 
vey him and a party of his men abou[t 
twen^-four miles to leeward^ to insure the 
success of the attack, by coming une^ 
pectedly upon the rear of the insurgents, 
while they should be engaged in front by 
the force from Foule Point. His wish being 
acceded to, and the troops, amounting to 
one hundred and seventy two, embarked, 
at ten in the evening we left the anchorage. 
About two p. M. next day, we reached an 
anchorage under the Point, and landed 
the party in safety. Three days rice, and 
his arms, (whether musket or lance, with 
thirty rounds of ammunition if it be the for- 
mer,) comprise the weight each soldier has 
to carry; they have neither baggage nor 
artillery to delay them, and though the 
proportion of sick is generally large, yet 
they are no hindrance, being invariably left 
to shift for themselves ; and in a country 
where a war of the exterminating kind pre- 
vails, they shortly become sufficiently pro- 
vided for. Free from these incumbrances, 
their movements ore as rapid as can well be 
conceived. Their conduct in face of the 
enemy is steady and determined — uativd 
courage, and an ardour strongly inspired by 
a great devotion to Radama — a firm reliance 
on the superiority of their arms and order-;- 
induce their attacks upon the rebels, incoii- 
siderate of numbers or situation. As Hasty 


Foreign Newi^ 


informed me, tbetr ttte^ oommenoet with 
discharget in line of nratooetry : bui btyo* 
nets are easily fixed, the cnaige taket place, 
and is followed up without mercy, unless the 
enemy be routed by the fire, which generally 
occurs. A small village stands on this 
point, and the inhabitants were coming o£F 
in several canoes, when, observing the 
troo|is in the boats, they instantly returned, 
hauled their light vessels well up on the 
beach, and took to the woods. The de- 
tachment made some prisoners, but with 
little delay proceeded on their march, and 
Hasty made no doubt of advancing at least 
twenty miles that night. The Barracouta 
weighed, and run out to sea at sunset, the 
same day, since when we have heard nothing 
of the result. 

Our next operation was surveying the 
port of tamatave, similar, in some respects, 
' to Foule Point, but affording greater and 
better shelter; from hence examined the 
eoast southward to Bay S. Luce, end stand- 
mg in for this little opening observed a 
■mall vessel at anchor near the town pre- 
aently cut or slip her cable, set her head* 
fails, and run herself upon the beach. After 
anchoring in the bay, we sent a boat to her, 
found her deserted, equipped for the slave 
trade, and, ais £sr as some papers left on 
board proved, belonging to Bourbon. No 
colours were found on board her, nor did 
she shew any as we entered the bay. In the 
evening we hauled her off, and andiored 
her for the night close to us ; the next day 
carried her out and fired her. 

The same day we fell in with the Leven, 
on her way from Port Louis to Port Dauphin. 

The 14th August we entered Port Dau' 
phint and found it in possession of a strong 
detachment of Radama's force i it'was for- 
merly the chief French settlement in this 
grand ivland, but now onlv two. persons of 
that country were met wkh ; the chief in- 
ducement was, doubtless, the slave trade- 
that being abolished, but little inducement 
remained fur any adventurer to continue. 
The garrison consisted of fifteen hundred 
men, one thousand of which were turned 
out on our visiting the fort, and went 
through the customary ceremonial evolu- 
tions with great order and precision. The 
inhabitants of this part of the island hold 
themselves quite independent of Radama's 
aothprity ; in consequence, here also, a cruel 
war exists. The garrison is quite out off 
firom any communication with their friends^ 
for any small party detached, is certain of 
beinc destroyed by .the natives of the 
sonthem district. Riu&ma can scarcely 
move with any thing less than an army. 
The present d^ree of civilization of the 
central and northern, parts has cofti, him 
upwards of one thousand men, of that de- 
tettpiimi which may be called the flower of 
the country; diseases, for which they have 
no remedy, afflict the forces at every sta- 
taoa, and the Urrn, ooomon to the tea 

ooast of the bland, makes Its aoeostomed 
dreadful ravaees unreetrsined. Without the 
assutance of water craft, it seems totally 
impossible thatRadama can subjugate the 

At the fort of Port Dauphin the troops 
have built neat, convenient, ud well ar- 
ranged huts of bamboo. It stands on a 
long, narrow, elevated point of land ; it is 
surrounded with a pallisade of cane-work, 
and a deep trench due outside, the banks 
and approaches to which . have been in- 
dustriously planted with the prickly pear 
shrub ; the spines of that plant grow here 
so strong and sharp, as to render the 
ground, without great caution, impassable. 
The country in the vicinity of Port Dauphin 
is remarkably picturesque; the south end 
of Madagascar is principijly composed of 
lofty mountains. A bank of'^ regular sound- 
ina lies off the south extremity, on which 
Snj fathoms mav be gained four or five 
miles firom the shore. The coast is bold, 
barren, and rugged. 

The Star Bank surveyeci by us was found 
to be a dangerous reef, partly above water, 
with a furious sea beating on its south and 
west sides; during the south-west monsoon 
it forms a fine spacious anchoring place. 
Hereabout the Albatross was nearly wrecked 
in July ; she lost her anchors and boaU, 
and received other damage. Several small 
islands lie on the S. W. end of Madagascar, 
hitherto little known. 

August 90, we reached St, Augustine Bay, 
firom whence, last year, the Barracouta com- 
menced the survey of the west side of this 
immense Island, while the Leven was em- 
ployed in a similar way upon the coast; 
from that period the vessels have twice 
(nearly) circumnavigated the island, visited 
every port, bay, or inlet, determined the 
extent and dangers of the barrier of rock 
and shoal lying along the east side, surveyed 
the shoals and islets in the Mozambique 
Channel, Scychelle Archipelago, and tho 
adjacent groups, the coast of Africa, from 
Zanzibar to the entrance of the Red $ea, 
and concluded a few days back with the 
Caffre coast, all which work, connected 
with that of the two preceding years, com- 

Slete the sviyef of the east side of Africa, 
ladagascar, and the Mozambique Channel, 
and we make no doubt but that this passage 
will, in future, become generally used during 
the proper monsoon, xhe latitude of every 
place (bank or island) in this Channel, has 
been determined by the most correct me- 
thods, repeatedly, under everr finrooiable 
circumstance, and their longitadee mea- 
sured by good chronometers, after vejy- 
short and direct runs firom Mozambique, 
or other places equally well fixed, as well 
as firom each other. Manv of these obeer- 
vations have been repe at ed after an interval 
of tome months, v^ we feel assured, that 
the geograpUeal pe a of eveiy danger is 
at well ■aoarlafaMd as piesMtptilMlMNi 


A^f%ii iVnpf* 


«f iastndDtntt p«niH. Hm wtr, which 
Dov kjt wmU to Urgt • ponioa of Mftda- 
Moar, haa not y«t iMehed Sd Anguttfaia'ss 
Dot iu tflbctt MT*. Mnaketo in aow the 
■rtaolM in grwtnt reqoett. In June kst 
A hollodc WM told for frar Spanish doUart ; 
thay now damandad ten» or a mnakety hot 
ara tndiilarant about the former. Sheep 
are plentifol* and cheap enough, but of an 
tnforior kind. St. Augoatine's, and the ad- 
jaeant fiaji, have lonff been notorioua for 
slave trading. When before here* in June* 
the Laren, which reached the Bay some 
fow houn before us, seized a large schooner, 
belonging to Bourbon, last fiom Mozam- 
bique I one hundred and serentj slaves were 
found on board heri she wu carried into 
the Isle of France, and condemned. 

From St. Augustine's, taking ^urotti 
idand in our way, which we found to be 
a moch larger one than is re p res e nted, easy 
of aoeesa, uninhabited, but abounding in 
turtle, we entered Delagoa Bay, in com- 
pany widi the Leren, and found the Alba- 
ifoaa thera before us. This vesael (the 
Leven's tender) had entered English River, 
but was directed to leave immediately by the 
Partugneae Governor, in the most peremp- 
tory and uncivil manner. Here also we 
found the brig Eleanor, of London, the 
roaster of which and most of the crew haviac 
died or left htr, the Governor had seized, 
landed her stores, and the small quantity of 
ivory she had collected, and did intend to 
aeod her to Mozambique. The delivery of 
this vessel, with her property, brought about 
a long and unpleasant altercation, which, 
for some days, seemed to defy any thing* 
but force to determine ; nor could the Go; 
vemor be induced to surrender the brig 
until both ships had hauled close under hia 
fort, and prepared every thing for beating 
it down. He also appeared on his works 
with his people, making every preparation 
for defonce. As many guns as could be 
brought to bear (at leaat as he had to 
bring) were run over the psrapet; large 
groups of the natives, provided with shields 
and (ances, were siunmoned to strengthen 
the garrison ; and up to the last moment, 
wlien the matches were lighted, we made no 
doubt (extraordiuary as it appeared) but 
that the Governor would hold to the de-' 
termination he had expressed. The result 
was, that tlie vessel was delivered up, and 
as now loading in Table Bay for London. 

As the chronometers are liable to be af- 
fected by the firing of artillery, we aeldom 
discharge anv heavy guns from the vessel ; 
but on the wregoiog occasion these deli- 
cate machinea had been removed to a boat 
and sent away ; and as the opportunity waa 
fevoumUe, the remainder of the afternoon 
was paaaad in exercising the ship's company. 
In the coorse of which practice an ac ct oe n tal 
mnaket ahot Irom the Barracoota struck 
oaa ofthe garrison, in a reaaote part of the 
fort, oo the head, and killed him instantly. 

We wern all tony ac the dnransluioBy m 
we had already been on the edjg^ of becom- 
ing enemiea from necessity. 

The Albatross, with a large party from 
the ships, went up the river for the purpose 
of shooting some hippopotami: they inc- 
ceeded in obtaining and bringing down two, 
but nearly with some loss ; tor two or three 
of the purty straggling from the rest were 
attacked by an elephant, and one of the 
gentlemen was somewhat hurt by him. 

The neople of Ddagoa are now in as 
wretcheo a condition as can be imagined ;' 
degraded and oppressed, they have scarcely 
a way of obtaining sufficient sustenance to 
support life. The Portuguese have lately 
destroyed their boats; and they complain 
of various other kinds of ill usage. 

Having completed the survey of this in- 
teresting Bay, three days after we reached 
Pert Natal, on the Craire eoaat, whne a 
settlement is formed by Mr. Farewell of the 
Navyi who has had a Urge tract of the 
country ceded to him by Ki^ Charkee, the 
preaent Sovereign of the northern part of 
Caffirarta. His principal object is the col- 
lecting of hrorv, and of which he haa three 
tone only. A destruoiive war now raging in 
the country cannot hut be extremely hurt- 
ful to his views and success. He has about 
thirty natives and two Europeans attached 
to him ) and u about commencing forming. 
We found him In want of some lund of pro- 
visions, with which he was supplied nrum 
the Leven. The Iom of a small vessel 
which traded between him and the Cape, 
has been a severe loss, not only in her and 
her cargo, but in preventing him from fol- 
fillinff his promises to the Chiefs. 

We are now ou the point of completing 
our refit, in order to examine the west side 
of this continent. The Leven and Barra- 
couta will proceed in company to the river 
Congo, where they will separate upon their 
respective emphm, the coast between the 
Zaire and the Gambia being divided be- 
tween them. We shall leave this colony 
(after having surveyed Table Bay),^about 
80th inat. 

The position of the Dutch authorities In 
the island of Java has long been a subject of 
much alarm to the mercbiants wHo carry on 
the trade with Batavia, and it was incrrased 
by letters received from that port of the 
10th September, with intelligence of an 
action having been fought on the 3d be- 
tween the Dutch and the native forces near 
Samarang, in which the latter were success- 
ful. They had, however, an immense su- 
periority of numbers, the accounts esti- 
mating the native army at 10,000 men, hut 
the Dutch force at not more than 800. 
As all residents have been compelled by the 
Dutch authorities to bear arms, there were, 
among the force oppoeed to the insurgents, 
a considerable nunher of Eogliah mcrchaau* 
several of whom have been killad. 


Fbreign N€w$^'^DQmetth Occumncet, 



\ The DeineTara papen contain an ordi- 
eance of the Governor foV the religions in- 
struction of the slafes of the colony, and for 
t)ie improvement of their cpndltion. By. 
th&i, it is ordained, that any person em- 
plo^g a slave between the hours of sunset 
pn oatnrday and sunrise on Monday, shall 
forftit 600 gutlden for every offence. Au 
exception is made in favour of local circum-. 
stances, such as saving or tending live stock, 
&c. The uBag;e of holding markets on Sun- 
days is to be abolishsd, and slaves when de- 
serving punishment are not to Ije diastlsed 
with « cruelty or passion." After January, 
i 8S6, no female slave is to be punished by. 
flogging, under a penalty of 1400 guilders. 
Several other excellent regulations are point- 
ed ou& la the Ordinance. 

The population of the chief towns in 
America continues to increase rapidly. New 
York now contams 168,9d2 inhabitants. 
Boston is believed to contain 55,000. The 
advance in the arts and amusements of civi- 
lized life keeps pace in these cities with the 
augmentation of numbers. New York has. 
iu Athenaeum, and iu Italian Opera, and 
the American Editors talk as currently of 
ihe GarciOf and her warblings, as we in 
Europe dp of Catalani or paita. In the 
Athengeum, too, they liave. their Profes- 
sors oi PhratoUfgy- 


Official aocQuntt hav» haeii received froa. 
Mexico^ of the capture, by the P«triots, o£ 
the Castle of St. Juan d'Ulloa, the laekspot< 
which Old Spain retained hi that oitarter of 
South America. The mortality umI beeft 
very great in the Cutle of St. JvtA d'Ulka 
previous to its capitulation. Of 600 mea, 
soo died since the 1 st ^ptember, SCO were 
ill, and 105 only fit for dMty. Thftebnm* 
dred pieces of cannon, abd tiie atorasy went 
valued at two nilliotas of dollars. 

Captain Forest, lately ikvatided firom dM. 
squadron at Cirthagena, has brongfat faodM 
with him tVo rare and valuable antiques^ 
which were bresented tp him by the Gover-: 
nor of Sacrinciof (nesrVera Crux), of two. 
figures of humai^ appearance, in Imght 
about ten inches, of most beautifbl and de-^ 
licately white trsokpartot marble. Tbey. 
were dug out of an indent fort or lortifica-i 
tipn, where* it is believed, they were buried 
iq the l^th century, when the Spaniaidsy 
under Cortex, landed in Mexico. CapCai» 
Forrest has also an earthen pan, of a ear- 
cular form, about twelve inches high, which 
was dug up by the Indians; and an arm. 
ehair of most singular Workmanship, said to- 
have belonged to Montezuma. [We doubt 
not these discpveries will give rise to fur-, 
ther speculation on the aiUiqnity cf the New 



The important Act for effecting an Alter- 
ation in toe Weights and Measures (as no- 
ticed in vol. zcv. ii. p. 649) came into ope- 
ration on the 1st of January. Under this 
Act, the Ale, Wine, and Com Gallons are 
assimilated; the new gallon is to contain 
977,274 cubic inches. The old ale gallon 
contain#^ 2839 the wine gallon 281, and the 
com gallon 268,8 inches. One quart must 
be added to the present bushel, to constitute 
a legal bushel ; and of course one gallon 
must be added to a sack of wheat, or 1^ 
bushel to a load. Tlie present gallon will 
require an addition of a quarter of a pint ; 
and every measure of capacity for dry goods 
will be deficient, for a measture of the same 
denominstion, by 3^ per cent. The new 
gfdloQ is, as near as possible, one sixtieth 
part less than the old beer gallon : the ad-' 
vantage will consequently bie the dealer's, 
unless the quality be improved, the akera* 
tion being too smell to produce any altera-- 
tion in the price. The new gallon will mar^ 
terially affect the wine measure, it being 
%bout one-fifth greater than the present wine 
gallon. By sectioik 16 it is provided that 
^1 contnots for work' done, or {|oodt deli* 

vered, shall be deemed to be made aeeordiog 
to the new standard, where no speci&t a^ree- 
meat shall he made to the amtrary ; and in 
all cases where any special agreement shall 
be made, with rererenoe to any weight or 
measure established by local custom^ the 
proportion which such we^ht or neasore 
bears to the standards established by thif 
Act, shall be specified, or the agreement 
shall be void. Section 16 provides that it 
shall be lawful for any person to binr and. 
sell by any weights or measures estaUished 
either by local eustom, or founded on spe- 
cial agreement ; but in order that the ^tO" 
portion which such weights or measures bear- 
to the standards established by this Act, 
may be known, such proportion shall be 
marked upon dl such customary weights 
and measures. Under this clause all ex- 
is'tiog weights and measures may be need, 
but makers of weights and measures, are aot 
permitted, after this Act comes intc^ opefa*^ 
tion, to make other weights wad measuret 
than those established by the Act* By 
Section 17 Com Rents and Tolls vtim paid' 
by customary measure shall be asoeftamed 
according to the standard of this Act Igf & 
Jury lunmoned at the Quarter SesskHMTer, 
diat purpese. Section 21 eaaets thel'tbe 
penalties pronded by formaf Acta, shall be 


Domutie Qecuffeacai. 


fat ■ ID aucattoo kg^iut ' wTio» hailng 
Huhu uid Di«uui«i not coofbinuble to 
ihi lEudwai uf tbis A<:t. TIib object of 
Ihc Ute BUI « to suoplifj tbc ijttiin, mad 
n ennue ■Difonoitf br affinding nip^rior 
hoiUc; of Hi^cwiDB. Sf euurts of itpuity 
(t« na kai$«i diinwl bjr cubicil cODtenCi,' 
botbj At g«%ht ofpui* wKtr vhioh Uwy 
ihnuM cMrtwB. Tbu, kn; v>u«l which 
roirdnuou of pins 

d gdlon, UK) ■ TH- 

«Mdj cnMtaa lOlb. ■' 


&CtlUt^, OB I 

poaiu lo Sutny-itre 
latba building, nar vu bwinfg* of ujr •ort' 
gbinj oa oheo the tn tffttitA. Aften 
lbs bnlJung out of tbs fin it the t« ik: 
tbc bulldiiig, the viodbaing high,. rwilths 
leotilkdo&'fngn AvbMtaoi opMudi \ctj 
iCrODg, ths firs loan dnnnded from on* 
floor lo ugthsr, UDlU (hs who)s pile, mbout 
UOffct bigli, wuinoaegirMbUz*. T)Ml 
" - iMuJpgfroi 

na bwhil is M]r thssI which ■ill cuctlj' ^ids of thii grut qUMJiUKuW ■ 

t It miut prodaced * gnnd ud 

^■t the biubei for hoped ■aff»t tc 


Bsnithnspdisf the Urge ieji»lisii<l ledac- 
iiau of duties b> different Acu oFibe kit 
SwioD, it bu, for the jesr 1885, lirtinlly- 
euseded tbu for 1 BM, enhncing the mux 
inportut branches of the Piiblic Reieniie. 
The Cuitomi sod Excite combined hive 
UKKuad 84,373/.) the Poit OSce exhi- 
bit! u increueof IB47[.i vid ibe Mlscel- 

*0,000i. irelsnd i> entirely sn eiportin| 
counUj, the imporu of gnin from BtH»ii 
being ittj trifling. The fftO. lesU of ths 
cipurting trsde are Wsterford, Limerick, 
Siigo, YougbeJI, Cork, Dublin, uiA Drog- 
bedb tVaterford ships ibuultao.OUOqnu- 

f^usl prop^rtli 

dwrick ihips 

rrific eflfect. The 
ed, fell in with K- 
nd the teed in B 

sod the best pmeeeding from the msaiifBC- 
tur; la tnlenie, ihit nune of the firemen 
could eppruich the plsce ; iheir efforts mre 
therefore directed tn the sdjoining (Vemiaet, 
sod thej fortunntely succeeded iu sllsjiing 
sojr spprebeniiana fur tbs ssfcty of ths. 
neighbourhood. — By permisalon of Mr. 
Allen, we liBTe copied the followiDg notice 
(acconipsnied bjr s tiew rif the msau&ctar7) 
from hii " HitUtrr of Lambeth," iiow in 
tbe couiie of publicstion. " One of the 

lout ISO.OOD quarter), ol 

_._ I two-thirds 1 Sligo, Vong- 

ball, Dablio, Cork, sod Drogheds, &ddi 
» ,000 to 140,000 quartcneich. Ths eO' 
lite tiporls at Ireland to Britain smouot tc 
(bvBt 1,800,000 qiiarlers of grain, am: 
£00,000 cwtt. of meal and fluur. 

A great deal of intcreit haa Islclj heei 
nciisd bir ■ paper read before the Roys 
S.«ietj of EdLoburgb, bj Sir Williun Hs 
millon, Bsit. un the subject of Pbrcou logy 
ihn«ing that It can haio no real fuunHitiua 
He hai also showed that iu doctrines le»< 
ineriubly to FaUllsm, Mttetlalisi 
Atlieiim ; and, in fact, reduce msn tu a 
Bffe stste of moral hrutatiim. 

Jta. 5. — About half-past four o'clock 
AiasftemuuB, agrest part ofthemstropolis 
waa pus inU considsrsbls the sui^ 
des upesrvics of flames st a great height, 
which wars soun aacsrtained to proceed from 
|)m well-knowa msniilaetorj of Metin. 

ittibliahed about the yea: 
Watti. The piinciple of making the ahot 
is to let it fall froni a great height, (bat it 
may cool and hiidcu in iti pauage through 

of the tower at this man 

and the shot falls 1 23 !e 

The frost during the . 

hia iieea aitremely sev 


7B Domeitie Ocatrrenoet. [Jan. 

^ SeneDtine ftiter, the Butn la the powt of them U by employteg between 1 60 

Green Park, and the Canal in St. Jamet't and SOO men and women> who hawk them 

Parky were completely frozen over, and in through the ttreets. 
most parts the ice was of sofficient strength 

to admit of the diversion of skaiting. Though ^^^ * Common Council, held on the 19th 
a number of persons continued on the Ser- ^ January, it was stated by Mr. Jones, that 
penttae River during the greater part of the '^ -Library Committee had purchased for 
day, no accident luppened ; but this on- ^^ gumeas, a complete set of the Gruette, 
hsippily was not the case in St. Jamte's ^^ ^^ ^^'S*^ "^ 1<>65> •xk^ supposed to be 
Park, where two lives were lost. The ice ^ ™®** complete •«* in existence. A great 
havine given way, no fewer than nine per* numher of valuable works relative to the an- 
font fell in. The following day some other ^'(l^ities, history, laws, manners, and ens- 
lives were lost.^ — On the 18th instant, Mr. ^ma of the City of London, and Borough of 
H. Hunt, jun. betted one hundred guineas Southwark, had also been collected. Mr. 
with a noble Lord that he would drive his "^^ moved that a room should be provided 
Other's blacking van, and four blood horses, ^^ *^ reception of such antiquities as might 
across the Serpentine river, accompanied by ^ found or procured, connected with these 
his two servants. Young Hunt showed the P^^^ea. He said, that in the numerous ex- 
greatest coolness, and drove the horses over <^vations which had recently been made in 
the river. The two servants played *< Rule ^^^us parU of the City, many remains, 
Britannia," and other popular tunes, on the Suable to the antiquary, and important to 
k^ bugle. *l^ historian, had been discovered, and dis» 

Numerous calculations have been made of ^, ^LTIl! ItT; *" • ^"^^ M °' °1 * 

tropdj. , but this » not easily ascertsxncd, ^, J^^ ^^ wol i^f^ 

"'J? 'IfK^''' "^y '"^:: '^^ «»«^' ^i Ji^-ted, if an appropriate plaSIwm^^^^^ 

^tde and sheep, yet we have no means of for their recept^n" ^ ^ 

Iciamiiig the weight. Of th6 quantitgr o^ -n. 

cattle sold in Smithfield market, we have . ^'^ Lonis of the Admiralty liave given 

the most accurate returns, and find, that in <l'tnctions for building another class of ships 

the year 18««, the uumbers were 149,885 ®? '^* several principles of Sir Robert Sep- 

beasta, S4,609 calves, 1,507,098 sheep, P*°8» (*^e Surveyor of the Navy), the 

and 80,0S0 pigs. Thb does not, however, ^^ool of Naval Architecture, and Capt. 

by any means, form the total consumed in ^7^* R.N. The frigates, o( 28 pms, are 

London, as large quantities of meat in car- ^ ^ built at Portsmouth and Woolwich 

cases, particularly pork, are daily brought y^» ''^ which the plans of these scientific 

from ttie counties round the metropolis, projectors are to be worked out, and their 

The total vahie of the cattle sold in Smith- comparative excellence afterwards put to the 

field is calculated at 8,500,000^ It is sup- *^^ ^y experimental cruising. It is a diffi- 

poped that a million a your is expended in ^^* *°^ ^^^ *^^ ^^e knowledge we possess, 

truits and vegetables. The consumptioo of * ^^ defective, but highly importapt sci- 

wheat amounts to a million .of quarters an- ence; and it is only by a course of experi- 

nually; of this, four-fifths are supposed to o^ents, that any improvement in it can be 

be made into bread, being a consumption of ettamed.— It ought not to be said, with 

65 millions of quartern loaves every year in ^^^9 by any other power on the &ce 

the metropolis alone. Until within the last of the globe, that ther build better ships 

tsw years, the price of bread was regulated ^'^ ^^ ^^ Their Lordships have also 

bf assize ; and it may aflfbrd some idea of ^^^^^ two sloops of war tQ be built at 

the vast amount of money paid fbr the staff Chatham, on the phm of the PyhMlet (Sir 

of life, when it is sUted, that an advance o£ ^hert Seppings'j enlaiged and altered; 

one fiurthmg in the quartern loaf formed ao ^^^^^ Pembroke, on the plan of the Orestes 

•{(gregate increase in expense, for this ar» (^* Inmao's^ ; and Captain Hayes Is to 

tiefo Jone, of upwards of 1 8,000/. per week. ^^^ ^'^^ ^^ Porumouth, on his plan, which 

Tlieanaualconsumptionof butter in London *^^ ^^el the Champion m every quali^- 

amounts to about 11,000, and that of cheese cation. 

to 18,000 tons. The money paid annually Mr. Peridas has mvented a staam-jnn, to 

for milk is supposed to amount to 1,250,000/. be applied to the purpo^ of artilTeiy or 

The quantity of poultry annually consumed musketry. On the Cth of December, a. 

m London b supposed to cost between trial wat made of its effect, at his manufiu:- 

70,000i. and 80,000/. That of game de- tory in the neighbourhood o£ Regent's- 

pends on the fhiitfubess of the season, nark. There were present, the Duke of 

TTiere is nothmg, however, more surprising Wellington, and several other officers of the 

than the sale of rabbits : one salesman in Ordnance department at Woolwich. The 

L«adenhall-market, during a consklprable destructiveness of the weapon was equal to 

portion of the yrar, b said to sell 14,000 the appaUing impiesnon cneed by th* ex- 

rabbiu weekly. The way in %hich lie dis- plotion. Tim fbUowivg If a caleolatiiMi qf 


ThmtrktA Ji$ift$tar.»^Promoiiont, 8te. 


the adnuitagM hi point of •conomjy eompa- 
rad with gunpowder : sinppose 850 balls are 
dbchaiged in a minote by the aiiiffle-barrel 
ttcam-gan, or IS^OOO per hour, this for 16 
houra woold reqaire 1 5,000 ounces of gun- 
powder per hour, or 15,000 pounds weight 
f(» the 16 houn. The expense of suopow- 
der being 70*. per cwt. or 35/. per thousand, 
is 5S5i. Mr. Perkins says that ne can throw 
that number of balls in succession for the 
price of fire bushels of coal per hour, or 
between SL and 4/. only for 16 nours. 

On this tremendous machine of destruc- 
tion a French paper obseaves, " When a 
destnictiye invention was proposed tO one 
of oor Kings, which went to effect revolu- 
tion in the art of war, the Monarch purchas-' 
ed the secret to extinguish It. It is other- 
vise in £ng]and ; and we see by the experi- 
ments which have just been made at the 
house of Perkins, the engineer, what encou- 
ligement the Grand Master of the English 
Artillery, and the Officers of the British 
Army, give to the inventor of a species of 
infernal machine, which has for its object 
to render all valour useless, and to reduce 
the soence of war to the employment, more 
or less intelilgent, of some moving volcanoes, 
which will exterminate entire masses in the 
course of a few hours. 


Kino's Thsatrx. 
Jan, 7* This theatre opened for the 
season with a serious operatic piece, called 
Crociato in Egitto. The debutante, was 
Mademoiselle Bonini, (who has sung a good 
deal on the Continent with Velluti,) in the 
character of Palmide. Madame Comega also 
made hef debut on this evening, but with- 
out exciting much admiration for her talent. 
Velluti was in excellent tune ; but in some 
of the higher notes there was a disagreeable 
harshness. On the the whole the piece was 
well received. A new ballet followed, en- 
titled La Cruche Cass^e, by M. D'%ville ; 
but there was nothing in it of the least 

Drury Lane. 

Jan, 13 A farce, from the pen of Mr. 
Brayley, called ffbol Gatherings was intro- 
duced ; but it was so stupid and inconsist- 
ent, that had not Mr. Listen played the 
hero of the piece, Mr, fVander, the audi- 
ence would never have patiently sat to the 
dose. It appeared to be a senseless imita- 
tion of The Absent Man, played a few years 
ago ; and made up of stale jokes — such at 
putting the watch instead of the egg into the 
boiling water, &c. &c. 


GizxTTs Promotions. 

Charies Bankhead, Esq. to be Secretary 
to his Majesty's Legation to the United 
States. — Thomas Tup))er, Esq. to be his 
Majesty's Consul in the Duchy of Courland, 
to reside at Riga ; Anthony Lancaster Mo- 
lineanx, £lsq. to the same office at Georgia, 
to reside at Savannah ; and George Salkeld, 
Esq. to a similar office at New Orleans. 

fTar Office^ Jan. 10, 15th Reg. Drag. 
Captain O'Donnell to be Major. — 1 8th 
Reg. of Foot, Capt. Doran to be Major. — 
Brevet Capt. Michell, Professor of Fortifica- 
tion at the Royal Mil. Acad, at Woolwich, 
to be Major. — Uuattached : To be Lieut.- 
Cols. of Inf. Major Carmichael, 1 8 foot.— 
Major Philips, 15th Light Dragoons. 

Ecclesiastical Preferments. 

Rev. Dr. Bull, to the Archd. of Cornwall. 
Rev. W. H. Dixon, Prebend, of York Cath. 

Rev. Arnold, Wakerly V. co. North. 

Rev. H. AtUy, Timwell R. RutUnd. 
Rev. H. Butterfield, Brockdish R. Norfolk. 
Rev. P. Candler, Letheringsett R. Norfolk* 
Rev. W. Carter, Quarrington N. co. Line. 
Rev. C. Child, Orton Longueville and Bol* 

tie Bridge R. ca HanU. 
Rev. Dr. Coppnrdf Famborouch R. Hants. 
Rer. W. DiOby, WwoiUiflter V. WUu. 

Rev. A. Duncan, Church and parish of 
Coyltnn in the Presb. and co. of Ayr. 

Rev. J, Homer, South Preston R. co. Line. 

Rev. R. Michell, Fryerning R. and East- 
wood V. Essex. 

Rev. R. A. Musgrave, Compton-Bassett R. 

Rev. C. J. Ridley, Larling and West-Hard- 
ing R. Norfolk. 

Rev. W. J. Rodber, St. Mary at Hill R. 

Rev. G. Taunton, Stratford St. Anthony R. 

Rev. W. Thresher, Tichfield V. Hants. 

Rev. E. J. W. Valpy, Stanford Dingley R. 


Rev. C. B. Rawbone, to hold Coughton V. 
CO. Warwick, with Buckland V. Berks. 

Civil Preferment. 

Rev. J. B&ilevy Head Master of Perse Free 
Grammar-school, Cambridge. 

Rev. J. EUerton, Head Master of Stafford 
Free Grammar-school. 

J. H. Markland, esq. of the Temple to be 
Treasurer and Secretary to the Stewards 
of the Feast of the Sons of the Clergy — 
vice Charles. Bicknellj esq. who has re- 

B I R T H S. 


Jwnjt $8. At Kinson, Donet, Mrs. J. 
'W. Liikin, a dau. 

. haUly* At Fifehead Parsona^, near 
fUwftesbury, tbe wife of Rev.JBd. reacock, 
a diu. — Mrs. Monk, lady of the Very Rev. 

.the Dean of Peterborough, a dau.-^At Not- 
folk House, the -Countess of Surrey, a son. 

^^The wife of Rev. Mr. Worthington, a 

. daughter. 

D^e. 1 0. The wifs of C R. Pole, Esq. 
of Nottingham-olaoe, a dau.— 17. At East 
Sheen, Surrey, the Hon.Mrs. Pearhyn (dau. 
of Lord Stanley) a dau. — 94. at Longcroft. 
Hall, StafiFordshire, the wife of the late W. 
W. Fell, Esq. harrister-at-law, a •on.'^^SO. 
The wife of J. H. Markland, Esq. of Gower- 
ttieat, a dau. — At Wheatlev^ co.^ York, the 
lady of Sir W. B. Cooke^ Bart, a dau.— 30. 

Thib wife of James Jones, Esq. of Cam]>er- 
well, a son. — 31. The wife of Lacy Kuni- 
sey, Esq. of Sluane-street, a son. 

J<m, 2. At Duffield, near Derby, the lady 
of Sir Charles Colville, a dau. — 5. Viscoun- 
tess Chetwynd, a dau. — 7* At her house in 
Albemarle-street, Lady Frances Levison 
Gower, a son. — 8. At Beverley, the wife of 
the hon. AIex.Macdonald, son of Lord Mac- 
donaldf a son.— 10.' At the Vicarage, Brad- 
ford, the wife of the Rev. Henry Heap, a 
son.*— 11. At Teddincton, the wife of the 
Rev. John Harcourt Skrine, a dau. — 1 1. \\, 
South Audley-street, Lady Frances Bankes, 
a son. — 13. The lady of Robert Sayer, Esq. 
of Sibton Parkf a son and heir. — ^^1 8. At the 
Vicarage^ Southwell, Nottinghamshire, the 
wife of the Rev. R. H. Fowler, and dau. of 
Mr. Bishy of London^ a daughter. 


' Lately, At St. Keveme, Philip MelviHe, 
Esq. of Walthamstow, to Eliza, dau. of 
-Lieut.-Col. Sandys, of Lanarth, Cornwall. 
— At Bishop's Court, Isle of Man, W. 
'Leece, Esq. to Margaret, «lau. of the late 
Mr. James Smithy of Liverpool.— At 
Guildford, Surrey, John Burder, Esq. of 
Parliament-street, Westminster, to Miss 
Taylor, of Guildford. 

Dec. 17. In London, Baron de Kolli, to 
Miss Marion Hammersley, formerly of the 
Liverpool Theatre. 20. At Chester, Ro- 
ger Bamston, Esq. only son of Col. Bam- 
aton, to Selina, dau. of Dr. Wm. Thackeray. 

27. At Bedford, the Rev. Peter La 

Trobe, to Mary Louisa, dau. of the Rt. Rev. 

F.W. Foster.^ At Woodstone, Hunts. 

the Rev. T. Garbett, master of Peterborough 
school, to Sarah, dau. of the Rev John 

Bringhurst, rector of Woodstone. 28. 

At Walthamstow, Rev. Robert Ward, of 
Thetford, to Ann, dau. of the late Mr. Jos. 

Umphelby, merchant, of London. 29. 

At Benenden, Rev. W. Marriott Smith Mar- 
riott, of Trinity college, Cambridge, son of 
Sir John Wlldbore Smith, of Dorsetshire, 
rector of Horsemonden, Kent, to Julia Eliz. 
dau. of Tho. L. Hodges, Esq. of Hemsted. 
Rev. Rich. Harvey, to Louisa, dau. of 
John Rycroft Best, Esq. of Barbadoas. 

9/an, 3. At Doddington, co. Glonc. the 
Hon. Arthur Tbellusson, brother of Lord 
Rendlesham, to Caroline Anna Maria, dau. 
of Sir C. Bcthell Codrington.— — 3. At 
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, Capt. Cha. Feai^ 
iOD, R. N. of St. James's-place, London, to 
Mariai, dau. of the late John Sayers, Esq. 

4. At St. James's Church, Col. Sir 

Robert Arbuthnot, K. C. B. Coldstream 
Ouards, to Hariiet, dau. and co-heiress of 
the late Tho. Smithy Esq. of Cattleton Hall, 

Rochdale, Lancath. 6, At St. George's, 

Hanover-square, Wm. Henry, son of the 

late John Soaadret Harford, Esq. of Blaize 
Castle, Gloucestershiie, to Emily, dau. of 

John King, esq. of Grosvenor-place. 7. 

At Swansea, the Rev. Edward Thomas, of 
Briton Ferry, vicar of Baglan and Abravon, 
to Eliza, dau. of the late Lewis Thomas, 

Esq. of Baglan, Glamorganshire. 9. At 

Christ Chnrch, Wuodhouse, co. York, the 
Rev. W. C. Maddeuy. Incumbent of Christ 
Church, to Mary, dau. of die lata John 

Whitacre, Esq. of Woodhouse, 10. At 

Clapham Church, Major Geo. Arnold, 2d 
Bengal Light Cavalry, son of the late Gen. 
Arnold, to Ann Martioz, dau. of the late 
Henry i^rown, Esq. of the Madras civil ser- 
vice. — — >10. At St. Andrew'f Holbom, 
Geo. Eraser, Esq. Lieut. R. N. youngest 
son of the late (jren. J. H. Fraser, of Ash- 
ling House near Chichester, to £rameline« 
dau. of Mr. Bedford, of Bedford-row, Lon- 
don. — —10. Hon. and Rev. W. Tbellusson, 
of Aldenham, Herts, (brother ' of Lord 
Reodleabam,) to Lucy, dau. of Edward 
R. Pratt, Esq. of Rvston House* Nor- 
folk. 11. At St. Mary's, Brfanstooc- 

square, Coimt Edward de Melfurt, of Pariiy 
to Mary Sabina, dau. of the late Thos. Nas- 

myth, of Jamaica. -19. Charles HagofS 

Moulsey, Esq. to Margaret, dau. of Roh. 

Taylor, Esq. of Tohner Hatfield. U. 

At Upwoody Huntingdoo, Joseph Hockley, 
Esq. of Guildford, Surrey, to Jane, dau. of 
J. jPooley, Esq. of Upwood-place. — -17. 
Peter Heywood, Esq. of the Inner Temple, 
to Sara Hariette, dau. of Thoa. L. Longue- 

ville, Esq. of Oswestry. At Preston, W. 

St. Clare, Esq. M. D. to Sarah, dan. of S. 

Horrocks, Esq. M. P. 28, at Bedale, 

CO. York, Rev. Thos. Rich. Rvder, Vtear 
Ecelesfield, to Anne, dau. of H P. PuK 
leine, Esq. of Crakehai1.-^-«4. At Petwortb, 
Sussex, the Bev. R. C. Willis, only sen of 
Adm. WyUs, toFmofli, da. of W. Hate, Bi|. 


r. 81 3 


Emperor op Russia. 

/Viiv. 19. At Ttfpinrok, tged 48, his 
Imperial Miijetty, Alexander, Autocmt 
of all the Rusniai. The Emperor and 
Empress had visited tliat spot chiefly on 
account of the salubrity of its climate, 
and to benefit the health of the Em- 
press, who had derived much advantage 
from her residence there during the au- 
tumn. On the 93d of October, the Em- 
peror set off on an excursion to Rostow, 
Nakitschevau, and Novo Tcherkask, 
and continued his jnurnej to the Cri- 
mea, whence he returned to Taganrok, 
about the 10th or 12th of November, 
and it was thought he would Aview the 
corps forming the Russian army of the 
South ; but the Monarches intention 
was arrested by the illness which termi* 
Dated in death. 

The following letters respecting his 
la«t illness and death were written by 
the Empress of Russia to the Empress 
Mother. In them the eloquence of truth 
is beautiful and striking : 

*' Tagamrokt Xov, 18, (N. s.) 1895. 
'*I>ear Mothef, — I was not in a state 
to write to you by the Courier of yester* 
day. To-day, a thousand and a thou- 
sand thanks to the Supreme Being, 
there is decidedly a very great improve- 
ment in the health of the Emperor— of 
that angel of benevolence in the midst 
of bis sufferings. For whom should God 
manifest his infinite mercy if not for 
him ? Oh ! my God, what moments of 
aflliction have I passed ; and you, dear 
Motber,— I can picture to myself your 
ttnea«iness. You receive the bulletins. 
You have, therefore, seen to what a 
state we were yesterday reduced — and 
still more last night; but Wylie (an 
English physician) to-day, says himself, 
that the state of our dear patient is sa- 
tisfactory. He is exceedingly weak. 
Dear Mother— 1 confess to you that 1 
am not niyt*'lf. and that I can say no 
more. Pray wiih ui~-«^ith fifty millions 
of men, that God may deign to complete 
the cure of our beloved patient. 


" November 19. — Our angel is gone to 
Heaven, and I — 1 linger siill on earth. 
Mr'bo could have thought that I, in my 
weak state of health, could ever have 
survived him ? I>o not you abandon roe, 
mother, for I am ab^lutely alone in 
this world of care. Our dear deceased 

Gsirr. fAkG, January^ 1826. 

has resumed his air of benevolenee : his 
smile proves to me that he is happy, 
and that he gates on brighter objects 
than exist here below. My only conso- 
lation under this irreparable loss is, that 
I shall not survive him ; I hope to be 
soon re-united to him. Elizabeth." 

His Imperial Majesty was the eldest 
son of Paul I. by his second wife, So- 
phia - Dorothea- Augusta • Maria- Fcedo- 
rowna of Wurtemberg Stutgard. He 
was born December 93, 1777, and the. 
care of his education was committed to 
M. de la Harpe> a Swiss Colonel, who 
neglected nothing to fit his pupil for 
the high station he was destined to fill. 

As soon as Alexander could walk, an 
Englishman, Mr. Pariand, was appoint- 
ed his diat/ka, a term which may be 
translated run-after, but which has by 
some been interpreted by the expression 
man-nurse» This gentleman is now liv- 
ing at Petersburg!), after having expe- 
rienced the Imperial bounty in many 
ways; and is placed, not only in com- 
fortable, but affluent circumstances. At 
the age of fifteen Alexander was a very 
imposing youth, and had become a uni- 
versal favourite among all classes of so- 
ciety. He was early placed under the 
guardianship of Count Sultikoff, an en- 
lightened man, who was well fitted for 
the duties of that high and important 
station; and the future Sovereign, no 
doubt, benefited much by his sage coun- 
sels and his exemplary conduct. That 
the Emperor was highly pleased with his 
guardian, was proved by the veneration 
in which he held the Count during life, 
and by his condescension in following 
his corpse to the grave in the year 1816, 
on foot, and bare-headed, along with 
the other chief mourners. 

These facts, as well as many others, 
which need not be mentioned, show 
that gratitude was no stranger to the 
breast of the Autocrat of all the Russias. 
Under able tutors, appointed with the 
consent of Count Soltikuff, the then 
Grand Duke was taught Russian, 
French, German, Italian, Latin, Greek, 
and also a little English ; besides the 
principles of the Greek religion, geogra^ 
phy, history, political ecoi:oniv, military 
tactics, the duties of a sovereign, and 
some of the sciences. He was reared at 
the Russian Court, under great care of, 
and subordinate to. his talented grand- 
mother, Catherine JI.; under much filial 



Obituaat.— £m|)«raf of Russia, 


retpect tor his tender and careful mo- 
ther ; and in absolute dread of his. fa- 
ther, the late Emperor Paul. 

In the days of youthful and impetu- 
oan passion, in the midst of a voluptu- 
ous Court, surrounded by almost all ibe 
beauty and fashion of Russia, unawed 
by examples of chastity and private vir- 
tue in the hig^hest Individuals of thd 
realm, seduced by the temptations and 
facilities of gratification, it is not to be 
wondered that the youni; and blooming 
Alexander should have bad numerous 
love intrigues at an early period of his 
life. On the contrary, it may seem sur- 
prising, that the young Prince, placed 
In the midst of so much evil example, 
so much depravity, and so great a defi- 
ciency of moral principle, should have 
wandered so little as he did from the 
path of virtue. 

The above circumstances being taken 
itito view, it might naturally enough be 
supposed that an early marriage was re- 
commended! and accordingly he was 
inarried when 16 years of age, October 
9th, 1793, to the Princess Louisa of Ba- 
den Durlach, two years younger than 
bira«elf. and still the reigning Empress. 
The Princess, on becoming of the Greek 
Tje)igion, assumed the name of Elizabeth 
Aleziena. The marriage was a political 
scheme of Catherine II. and though the 
young bride was handsome, beautiful, 
and interesting, there was a coolness in 
ber manner that ill accorded with the 
warmth of Alexander's passion, and 
which rendered her not exactly the ob- 
ject of his choice. By her Majesty the 
Autocrat had two children, both of 

3 'bom died in infancy. Since their 
,eatb, to the regret of the Imperial 
douple, and of the Russian nation, ** God 
&ai given" do additional oflbpring. 

In the palace of St. Michael, an im- 
ioense quadrangular pile, at the bottom 
of the summer gardens, jooated round 
AndL.fortifted with bastions of granite, 
the Emperor Pkul with his family took 
•p bis residence. His Majesty seems to 
bftve had some presentiment of his ap- 
fNToaching fate, as he ordered a secret 
itaircase to be constructed, which led 
from his own chamber to the terrace, 
but, in the hour of danger, he was una- 
ble to take advantage of this exit. Late 
on the evening of the 11th, or early on 
the morning of the 12th of March, 1801, 
Paul was assailed by a band of cons))i- 
rators ; and, after unavailing threats, 
aucceeded by entreaties and promises, 
mud a noble resistance, bis M^esty was 
ttraogled by means of a sash, one end of 
which was held by Zobof, while a young 
Hanoverian drew tbe other, till their 
vleCim ex|ilrcd.. At 4f they bad been at-. 

tending a banquet, the assassins retired 
from the place without tbe least molest- 
ation, aiid returned to their respective 
homes. Medical aid was called, in the 
hope of restoring suspended animation, 
but Paul had paid the debt of nature, 
and a few days afterwards his body was 
embalmed by Sir James Wylie, one of 
the lucky individuals whose fortune was 
made by his Imperial master's whims. 

Whether Alexander was aware of the 
intended murder of bis father, or whe- 
ther he knew of the time fixed for its 
perpetration, admits of discussion ; but 
it is certain that at an early hour of the 
morning of the 13th of March, bis 
friends and his counsellors rallied round 
him ; that the death of Paul, and the 
accession of Alexander^ were announced 
to tbe capital at seven o'clock, and that 
by eight the principal nobility bad paid 
their homage to the Grand Duke, un- 
der his new character, in the chapel of 
the Winter Palace. The great officers 
of State being assembled there, Alexan- 
der was declared Emperor of all the 

As soon as Alexander had ascended 
the Imperial Throne, like the wily Ca- 
therine, his first care was to gain the 
fidelity of the soldiers. Almost at the 
dawn of day, mounted on a charger, he 
presented himself to the best part of the 
troops stationed at Petersburg, who were 
already assembled in tbe Grand Place in 
front of tbe Winter Palace. Hb Majesty 
naturally bestowed tbe highest enco« 
miums upon them, and in his turn was 
delighted with their nuiiy testimonials 
of satisfaction, and their orn'ot, — Such 
conduct Bight appear stiange to those 
who wera aware of the fact^ that Paul, 
notwithstanding all bis aeverity and ca- 
price, was beloved by tbe amnr, and that 
tbe soldiers called that Aiad Monarch 
their tteio, or father. But tbe indivi- 
duals who formed tbe confederacy for 
tbe murder of Paul, bad also taken mea- 
sures to gain over tbe Guards, and other 
regiments stationed in the residence, to 
the cause of Alexander, by a report of 
their own fabrication, of thie disease and 
death of their late ruler and commander. 
While august and solemn affain oe- 
cupied the new Emperor, bis imperial 
Mother was suffering the utmost an- 
guish, and had oftener than onoe as- 
sumed tbe appearance of death, m long 
continued faintings. Notwithstanding 
Paul's open infidelity, tbe Empress bad 
steadily maintained her affection and her 
endearing deportment tqwarHi bar im« 
perial consort. That aba was ilfioef«» 
baa been proved tgr the fact* that up to 
this hour she holds taered tbo memoiy 
of her spOQie, racoBairtf him with tb* 

.] Omwaat^— Aipirof 0/ Jhrnii; 

UMJwm 1of% mi taiHt tfM tiM • Pftnl Imi MaeCedt t«tft tn IIm eoldeit 
aasM el Us Mtaattot. Bvmi 94 yt«t mtd laoM dittgrvedyle WMtbcr. He dit- 
after lilt pOTpetmiott of tht mordtr, ndtMd the eoort tdroeate, who bmd be- 
Comit FuiM wM alwavt eUictd to Im«« eone an object of onWenal detetUtion ; 

MoeoQW OD the arrival of the Dowafer and betidef » be made numerous cbaneet 
" In that capital. and refnlatlont, all tending to the com- 

It aecflu ahaoet an aaonahr In hie* fort, pleatore, and advantage of the in- 
tory, that the ■nrderen of PMer III. habltanU of the netropolii. The good- 

,^««.». the avowed favovritee, or the neia of hit heart, the ■eUvhv of bis 

fv^Ugim^ of Catherine II. 1 and It It mind, the excellence of hit prindpW 

ttareeljr less rcttarkahlt» that the BMrep and his anzlonsirbh fbr the improve- 

ef Aktaiider was eitended to the asstft- ment of his sobJecCs and his ooontry. 

thM of hit fhther. Zabof, the chief all enabled him at once to perceive the 

eon sp i m t o r» and the asost actbe of the neeessitv of great changes and improro- 

m nrd tfer^ band, was ordered not to meott'throoghput the eihpirt. 
Mprtncfa the Imperial retidenee; and He wat prochdmed Emperor March 

CStwit nmtai» the fbrmer Oovemor of 94, 1801 1 and his corooaHon in the an- 

thm dCj, was translervsd !• Riga. The cieat Capital the 97th of the fbUowlng 

other conspirators were tiiated as if n# September, was signalised by the release 

Uame attached' to their chbraeters. It of the Sute prisoners t the recall of so* 

It tatpotsible to concave whv Akaander veral exiles from Siberia \ the paidon of 

withheld that vengeance which Jottico criminals ; promotions in the army, the 

seemed to demand, from the heads of navy, and tbe civil service, and among 

Ms father^s attamins. It has been at- tbe clerical new and advantageous regu- 

tribttted by one of hit panegyrittt, to a lationt for the city of Moscow ; and tbe 

foriom and mebmcboly conviction, thai better definition and confirmation of the 

the murderert had been promiited to thies of some of tbe lioble funllics cl 

commit tbe bloody deed solely t^ a re- that capiul. 

gard to tbe salvation of the empire* His first care wat to pot an end to thd 

8«ch a conviction might have induced war which then raged between Russia 

the young Monarch to diminish the and Engfatnd ; and he for some length 

weight of that punishment wbidi piety of time preserved peace both with Eog* 

and Juttice called on him to infilct, hut land and France, and vaiidy endeavoured 

can eearcely aeoount for hit total Ibr- to act as mediator between them, after 

hearanee. the termlnatloa of tbe short peace ol 

In the twenty^ourth year of his age, Amiens, in 1804, however, the mur- 

Alexander ascended the throne of bit dor of the Duke IXEnghien 1^ Boon»: 

aoeettort, having previouslv been the ptrte excited the indignation cf^the Km^ 

fhvourlte of his fathei^s subjects. Hit peror, who, after presenting an energetic 

mild deportment, his suavity of man- remonstrance by his AmbaMador,against 

Mie, his astlable disposition, and his ** a violation of tbe law of nations at afw 

goodness of heart, had gained him the bitrary as it was public," withdrew hit 

iowe and the respect ol all classes of the Minister Ihnn Pisris, and in 1805, signed 

population of the empire. The Tele- t Treaty of Alfiance, oilrntive and de* 

atachus of the North was not then Ine- lentive, with England, Auttria, and Swo- 

bri«ted with power, but, inttmeted in den: acting on which Alesander has- 

his duties by a Mentor endowed with in- tcned to lead his troopt into Austria, 

telligence and virtue, exercised the an- where^ however, be arrived only in timt- 

thority of a despotic Sovereign to esta- to see the capital fall into the bands of 

bUth philantbropj as the basis of his tbe Frencb# He then retreated, toge- 

tbrone. His first meaiores, proclama ther with tbe remnant of tbe Austrian 

tiotts, and imperial orders, tended to army, to' Beriin, where be resolved to 

confirm the good opinion and the confi- await tbe French army 1 but on the dc- 

dence of tbe people. He sincerely pro- feat of tbe Austriant, at the battle of 

mited to tread in tbe footsteps of Catlie- Austeriits, be returned to St. Peters- 

rine II. \ and bit first acts of kindnem burg, leaving tbe greater part of hit 

were experienced by tbe Prtertburgert, army on the frontiert of Germany. In 

whose lives had become quite miserable 1806, being called upon by the Court of 

nnder tbe wbtmtical reign of Paul. Berlin, he again took up arms, but wat 

Alexander gave orders that every one again only in time to witness tbe triumph 

should be allowed to dress according to of Buonaparte. In tbe spring of 1807, 

his own taste. He exonerated tbe inha- Alexander Joined bb army, which htd 

Mtantt from the trooble and degrada- retreated b^ond the Vistula, and witiN 

tlon of alighting from their carriages at ttood the much with great bravely % 

th» affmich of the Iwpfriai Family, hot having boefi dUtated te the bacUn 

tpd^tfagkomagu «t t h t y pw mtd , whkh of FritdUnd, ht rttmHtf btJroiMt «^ 


OBiTVAtiY.r^Emperor of jRustia. 


Niemen, wbere he agreed to, the preli- 
Diinariet of the peace signed at Tilsit, 
July 8, 1807* In consequenpe, as is be- 
lieved, of a secret article in that treaty, 
fie declared war against England, and 
soon afterwards against .Sweden, which 
latter war lasted two years, and ended 
in Sweden^s ceding Finland to Russia. 
During the hostilities which still sub- 
sisted between France and England, he. 
continued to side with the former Power, 
and dismissed from his dominions all 
tbe German Ministers and Agents. But 
tbe time was arrived when he was to see 
bow ill-judged his friendship had been ; 
and he was forced to defend himself in 
{lis own dominions, with no other Ally 
than England, against Buonaparte, who 
led 560,000 choice troops against him, 
joined with those Kings who had for- 
merly been his Allies, and whom he had 
formerly assisted. The Russians, how- 
ever, on their evacuation of Moscow, by 
burning that city, destroyed the only 
means of .subsistence the French could 
expect during the winter ; and thence 
foUoifved the terrible destruction of thai 
Vast army. The Emperor Alexander now 
seemed animated with a spirit of ven- 
geance against the invader of the Rus- 
sian dominions. He pursued him with 
unrelenting vigour; be even published 
m description of his person as if he bad 
been a common felon. However, Buo- 
oaparte escaped in a single sledge, leav- 
ing his gallant army to perish in the 
snows } and so infatuated were the 
l^rencb, that they actually suflFered him 
to levy new armies, and lead tbem into 
Geroorany in 1813. By this time, how- 
ever, the seene had wholly changed. 
On March 13, Alexander and the King 
of Prussia proclaimed the dissolution of 
the Confederacy of the Rhine, and de- 
clared their intention of assisting the 
Austrians. After having been worsted 
at the battles of Lutzen and Bautzen, 
th^y agreed to an armistice ; during 
which the Russians were joined by Gen. 
Moreau, who, however, soon fell by a 
random shot before Dresden. After va- 
rious success the great Battle of Leipsic 
was fought October 16tb, 17tb, and 18th, 
which completed the deliverance of Ger- 
many. A short time before this battle 
a General, who commanded a corps of 
artillery stationed at the Imperial head- 
quarters, had incurred, on some trifling 
occasion, the serious displeasure of the 
Emperor. His Majesty very unceremo- 
niously sent one of bis Aides-de-camp 
with an order, that this officer should 
give up his command, repair, within 
twenty-four hours, to a village the dis- 
tance of twenty or thirty miles, and take 
charge of a regiment itationed there. 

Surprise, indignation^: and fiiry, were 
successively evinced by the General, but 
still he obeyed the mandate. He left 
head-quarters without a moment's loss 
of time — arrived at his new designation 
•—examined it — reviewed the regiment 
—and immediately drove back to bis 
former station. At a review of some 
troops the following morning, the Km- 
peror soon perceived him at the head of 
his corps. Astonishment and rage were 
depicted in the Monarches pbysiugiiomy, 
and he dispatched an Aid-de-camp to 
know what the General was doing there, 
and why he had left his new.statlon, and 
dared to disobey his Sovereign's orders ? 
—The General, who is a man of talents, 
of general information, and of uncon- 
querable and sometimes ferocious spirit, 
with energy replied to the Aid-de-eamp, 
** Go back, and tell his Imperial Ma- 
jesty, that the present time is highly im- 
portant, ,and that I feel anxious for the 
fate of Russia ; tell him that henceforth 
I serve not Alexander, but my country ; 
and that I am here, where I ought to be, 
at the head of my troops, ready to sacri- 
fice my life in her cause.*^ Such an un- 
contemplated and heroic answer, instead 
of rousing the furious passions of the 
mind, as might have been expected, 
were despot ism real ly absolute, had a very 
opposite effect. The Emperor seemed pal- 
sied, replied not a word, and was glad to 
hush the affair to sleep, lest the General's 
example should be too generally known, 
and biecome a precedent for the future 
for the officers of the Autocrat army. 
Before the battle of Mont Martre, the 
General, who continued in bis former 
command, had a station assigned him in 
the midst of danger, on purpose, it was 
supposed by some, that his bead might 
be carried away by a cannon-ball, and 
thus rid the Emperor of a liberal-minded 
and refractory officer. This gentlemani 
who fears no danger, rejoiced on the oc- 
casion, fought and conquered. It re- 
dounds to the credit of Alexander, that 
he called for the General on the field of 
battle, and bestowed upon him the Cor- 
don of St. George. Since that period he 
has been employed on an important mis- 
sion, and at this moment holds one of 
the highest and most responsible c^ces 
of the State. 

In the beginning of 1814 the Allied 
Monarchs crossed the Rhine. On the 
30th of March the Allied Army besieged 
Parisy and forced it to capitulate; and 
on the 31st the Emperor Alexander and 
the King of Prussia entered it amid the 
cries of rive le Roi ! f^kfoU lea Bout- 
bans/ and Buonaparte aooa aigned hii 
first abdication 4 On <he Uodiug of 
Louis XVIII. Alexaodfr hMtcnad to 


OAiT\iABrt,^^Empefor bf Runia. 


meet him, and eondacted him to Paris, 
ivbich he entered May 4. A Treaty of 
Peace was signed at Paris, May 30, 
1814, and Alexander left France June i, 
for London, where he wa» magnificently 
entertained by the Prince Regent at 
GuildhalK He returned to Sf. Peters- 
burg July 25. On September 25, he en- 
tered Vienna, where he remained until 
the end uf October. The ratification of 
the Acts of the Congress h^d been sign- 
ed February 9* 1815. WUen the escape 
of Buonaparte from Elba changed the 
apparent security of Europe into confn" 
lion ; great preparations had been made 
by the Russians, when the news of the 
battle of Waterloo put a stop to their 
motions. Alexander himself set out fur 
Parisj where be arrived three days after 
the entry of Louis XVlil. From thence 
be proceeded to Brussels to view the 
field of Waterloo ; and after a short 
stay, returned to St* Petersburg, which 
he entered amid universal acclamations. 
From tbat time till his death, his policy 
was purely pacific : he attended several 
Congresses, and was almost incessantly 
moving from one part of the Continent 
to the other ; but though his force was 
large>. aqd there were not wanting, at 
different times, pretexts which a warlike 
Prince might have seized for hostilities^ 
particularly against Turkey, yet he has 
terminated his mortal career without 
any deviation from the peaceful princi- 
ples agreed upon by all the great Powers 
in the last great triumph of 1815. 

The personal character of the late 
Emperor was chiefly distinguished by 
l^reat affability and condescension, which 
was carried to such a degree, as would 
have been wholly incompatible with his 
situation, if the Government were of any 
other form than that of an absolute mo- 
narchy. Considering the disadvantages 
of his early life, he must be regarded as 
one who bad, as far as possible, over-^ 
come by* natural goodness of temper, 
those evil habits which circumstances 
seemed to form for him; and whatever 
blame may be attached to his caprice, 
bis artfulness, his inflexibility, his va- 
nity, or his gallantry, he nevertheless 
bad great merit } and, indeed, his very 
faults may he said to have been well 
suited to the part he was destined to 
sustain, and to the nation whom be go- 
verned. An enemy to the costly vani- 
ties of some of his predecessors, he re- 
gulated the expenses of his palaces with 
economy, and applied his treasures to 
the foundation of useful establishments, 
tbe promotion of useful public works, 
t&e equipment of his arsenals, and the 
aogaientation of his army. Temperate^ 
active, and indefatigable, he transacted 

the business of Government through di- 
rect correspondence or personal super- 
intendence ; and, familiar with the sta- 
tistics, topography, and interests of tbe 
various people inhabiting his extensive 
empire, be cherished the general pros- 
perity by a polity adapted to the wants 
of each and all. Tbe solicitude which 
he manifested for the'good of his coun* 
try, and bis humanity, deserve the 
highest encomiums. 

During the campaign, it cannot bet 
questioned that Alexander was an exam-* 
pie to his whole army. His exemplary 
endurance of privations, cold, hunger, 
and fatigue, served to animate his troops. 
His activity and solicitude were equally 
the theme of praise, while his affability 
and conciliatory manners gained him 
all hearts. 

The simplicity of manners and mode 
of life of Alexander were very exemplaly 
and praiseworthy. He slept upon a hard 
mattress, whether in the palace or in 
the camp; he rose early, lived very roo-^ 
derately, was scarcely ever even merry 
with wine, employed much time in pubN. 
lie affairs, and was indefatigable in hit 
labours. His {chief amusement, if such 
it may be called, seemed to have been 
the organization and discipline of the 

Having said thus much of the early 
life and^of some public acts of Alexan- 
der's reign, we shall now notice his love 

Tbe unfortunate attachment of tbe 
Czar to Madame N — .— ^ soon after his 
marriage, gave rise to the most serions 
differences between this Monarch and 
his interesting Consort. Madame N ■■■■ * 
bore the Autocrat several children ; one 
of thim, a female, lately died, when 
about to be married. Being tbe Empe- 
ror's very picture, she naturally attract- 
ed the notice of the people as she tra- 
versed the streets, or the promenades of 
Petersburg. Her death overwhelmed the 
Emperor with grief. 

Madame N was spouse of Le 

Grand Veiieur, who either winked at 
his lady's infidelity, or was obliged to 
wink at it ; for in the North, notwith- 
standing all the advance towards refine- 
ment, despotism, in some instances, 
maintains its ground, and acts as it 
wills, contrary to law, justice, huma- 
nity, and religion* 

The lady just alluded to had a hand- 
some establishment allowed her by bis 
Imperial Majesty, and besides an excel- 
lent town-house near the residence, she 
had also a country-bouse in one of tbe 
islands formed by the branches of the 
'Neva, and.not far distant from the Em^ 
peror's summer palace. There she and 

M Obituary.— DacM^er Marchionmi of Bath.'^Lady Rotsmore. [Jan. 

hwUlegitimateoflBipring generally spent sort, with wbom be passed maeh time 

tlie fine season of the year. in b|s evenings. 

The Empress bad oftea in rain re- The next beir to the Throne of Ros- 

sonstrated with the Kmperor respeet- sia in order of primogeniture, was the 

iog his connection with Madame N— » Grand Duke Constantine Cesarovitch, 

and she had frequently threatened to who was bom May 8, 1779> and mar- 

llbandoD her throne, and to retire to her ried Feb'. 26, 1796, Julia, Princess of 

Iflations in Germany. But the Dowa- Saxe Cobourg, sister to bis Royal High- 

Cr Empress, who really loved and pi- nets tbe Prince of Saxe Cobourg. This 
d her Imperial daughter-in-law, partly marriage was dissolved by an Imperial 
Iqf caresses and entreaties, partly by Ukaae, dated April 9, 1820, and the 
ymdential measures and persuasion, and Grand Duke married, secondly, May S4, 
jMiflly by her disapproval of Alexander'a 1890, Jane, bom- Countess of Grud- 
«M|dttQt» and her severe remonstrancea viiiska, and created Princess of Lowics. 
X» ber Imperial son, succeeded in delay* Constantine, however, after being 
iBf bcr design. Yet, however sincere proclaimiKl, resigned his right to the 
Wight ba his vows of amendment at tbe Throne in farour of the Grand Duke 
9MMDent»tbeAutoeratof alltbeRussiaty Nicholas, who has accordingly been 
like, other mortals, found that tbe chains proclaimed, 
of love are not easily ruptured, and af^^ ■ 
tttr a short absence and repentance, be DewAGER MARCBioNBSt of Bath. 
aelumed to sin again. Such was the Dec, IS. At her house in Lower 
Eaiperor's conduct for many years to* Grosvenor-street, in her 93d year, Eliza- 
wards Madame N — ■ i and, as men- beth. Dowager Marchioness of Bath, 
tieoed, the froU of the intercourse was Slie was the eldest daughter of Wm. 3d 
i| young family. Duke of Portland (who died May 1« 
Tbe Easperor also shewed a decided 1763), by Margaret Cavendish Harley, 
predilection to some other females, and only daughter and sole lieir of Edward; 
aiBong the rest to the wives ef two meiw 3d Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, and 
ckeqts, wbom tbe author of this sketch was born June 37> 1735. She was mar- 
ket seen to receive marked attention at ried^ to Thomas, first Marquis of Batb» 
tbe grand annual masquerade, held o» K.G. on tbe 33d of May, 1759; by whom, 
tbe 1st of January, to which all grades who died Nov. I9> 1796, she bad issae 
eitbe Petersburghers are freely admitted, ' tbe present Marquis of Bath and eight 
piovided they be \m proper dresses. oth«r children, six daughters and two 

From the open manifestation of bif ions. — — • 

piMion for a few females, and from bis Dowaobr Lady ReflSMORB. 

amorous conatitution, it was inferred Latefy, In her 98d yi^ar, tbe Dowa- 

tbat - Alexander had many secret In- 0ar Lady Reaamore, widow of Robert 

trigues besides with the beautiea of the CminiDghame, first Lord Rossmore;— 

Court, the theatres, and of tbe metro* Gifted with cfualities of a superior order, 

poUs ; and there is strong reason to pre* she was destined te add dignity to the 

••me that the inference was just. station in wMcb she moved } and for a 

Ir consequence of sock conduct, it hmg series of years had been tbe leader 

was very reasonable for the Empress to ef the ton in the metropolis of Ireland. 

be highly discontented. In the year Social in her feelings, hospitable in her 

1814-15 she was in Germany $ and it habits, and dfgnified in her demeanour^ 

was reported that she had refiised to re- she formed the nucleus around which 

turn to Russia unless tbe Emperor would the fashionables gathered $ and her loss 

kind himself under a solemn oath, that will be long felr, and her departure sin- 

ke would banish Madame N— — from cerely deplored. On several occasions 

the Russian Empire: and even after a her Ladyship was selected to preside 

deed to that effect was obtained, it re^ over the Irish Court during the tempo* 

qniced the persuasions and the cunning rary absence of many ofi the Vice-Queens, 

of the Dowager Empresa to get her Im- and theeaseandurbanity of her manners, 

peiial Migesty ia motioa for the North- were peculiarly distinguishable ip her 

ens metropolis;. discharge of tbe duries pertaining to so 

Madame N— was accordingly ne* exalted a situation. Kind in disposltiotif 

eessitated to leave Russia with her cbil- warm in feeling, unbounded In charity, 

dreR. She went to France, and at pre* her reHgion was unostentatious as her 

eent she resides at Paris. Since tbat bean sincere. She Kved tbe dsHglit of 
event, it Is stated that tbe Emperor ber own circle, and possessed the es- 

Afexandcr had shown his regret at tbe teem of all. Fondly attached to ber na^ 
Irolies ef his youth faj repentance, and ttve-land, she constantly resided In Ire^ 

Ikfe^ksiidcst eoiidiictt»kia Imperial ton- Jaod»a»d^er^eatk bascanM^a.^ 

IMS.] OuTUAftt.— OiHanfll Ibf. BT 

In Dttblin • o tht y «bUb It wItt be difll- hvm tm^ti^i » «id Im tMo oppottd 

Mil t9 ilL Her Liisrtbip wnt te tM Napotooii't etovfltien u tli« tttprtoM 

l«M pMimioa of ftU lier facvltiet, and power. It It related of tbegenertl tli«C» 

up to ibe BioBefit of ber death (wbieh after one of Booiuifarte't vleforlety be 

i|Qite tadden), tht eootinaed to ex- was at a dinner cif the ofBceni wbiiit 

onslM ber tocial and botfiltable qoaliitefc upon ** the beaHb of the EaipcNir" 

bavinf been Kiven, be alone declined 

rm^mm^w v^^ dHnkhig It In vain waa be preited o« 

bBNREAL roY. ^^ ^^ •• I ttt not tbiitty/* laid b^ 

iir«o.S8. Of an anenrlstti of tbe beart^ Bf Boonaparte*! abdleaikm be lost a 

MbiafetidfneelBtbeRoedelaCbauMde oMnbaft tefan; bat bb nUltary pro- 

d'Aatlsy FwiSy afod W* General If «!• noflon^ «bleb tben ecated^ wm eoOT' 

mlKan Seboettan F«if • For eigbt days pentfirted by popular bonoun and dl#* 

tbo dleorder bad made rapid progrrtt. tinctionf » wbleb be eovld not bare at- 

TWo of bia nepbewty of tbo aaae name tained or enjqycd under tbe iaperlal 

m bhnaelf, tbe one bit Aid-de^eampy goiremment. Sinee bit flrat admittlon 

and tbe otber an Advoeate, did not quit to tbe Cbamber of Depotlet In 10l9, bo 

bit bed for a aMOMnt. ** I feel/* taid bad been one of itt niott prominent 

bOf In a dying tone» ** a ditorganiiinic omtorti and In tbo latt tettlon he trit, 

power that labourt to dettroy me. 1 wlrbont ezoeption, tbe moit powerfhl 

flfbt with the giant, bot cannot eonquer opponent of tbe minittiy. Being one ol 

bim." He scarcely slent at all, and even tbe few memben gifted with tbe talent 

tletp fatigued bim. He did not deceive of eztemporaneona tpeaking, be wti 

biamelf upon bit approaching end« but enabled to make or to tepid attaebtf 

looknd death in tbe ftiee at be did tbe with promptitude and effect; Tbe gt- 

enemy in tbe Held. The nrarer tbe fatal neral bat left a widow and live yoong 

mament approached, ihe more did bit ehildrtn ; bot to airongly baa tbe pobUo 

kindnett manlfett Ittelf to thote around ftelHig been eidf ed In their livoor, that 

bim. Wbbing again to breathe tbe a tubtcription, amounting to more tba» 

pure air, and tee onoe more tbe light of ftf.OOOi. bat been raited for their lup- 

tbo tun, bit nephewt earried him in a port Fortrattt of tbe general have be^n 

ebair to the window, wbleb wat open | engravedy medab have been ttmek In 

bot foehng himtelf linking, ho taid to bit honour, and a puUle nMmnment kl 

tbtm ^*Mj good fk'iendtt'pot ate upon to ht erected to bit memory^ 
tbo bod { Ood win do tbe rott." Tbeto Kit Ibneral wat c ole bfa ied Dee. 6, at 

ware bit latt wordt. Tww minutet after Notre Dame de Loretto. Aa immanto 

bit body rendered up to tbe Antbor of crowd, eompnted at 100,000 ptrtont^ 

all thiogt tbe great tool that it bad rt* flocked to tbe cemete ry , A eontlder- 

oelved from him. able number of deputlet, generalt^ and 

On opening tbe body after death, the ofllcert of all rankt, thronged the apart- 

beart wm found twice ai^^luminoua at mentt At a quarter paat one tbe body 

In the natural ttate, toft, and gorged wm breogfat down into tbe yard of tbn 

with coagulated blood, which it bad no boteL Eight young poffiont pretentod 

longer ttrength to put into circulation* tbemtelvet to earry It on their thouMort 

llirabeau, it will be reeolleeted, accord- Into tbe oburcb. Aftifr divine tervice» 

lug to the report of Cabanit, Kkewite the tame pertont again carried the 

tonk under a ditcate of tbe heart, aog*- eorpte. Shortly after, tbe erowd made 

mented by tbe fatigue of tbe tribune way lo allow the ehihirmi of tbe general, 

and tbe carm and aaxietiet inteparable ooiiduoted by bit domettlct, to paia 

from butinetfl. through them. Tbe proeetthm moved 

Tbit Officer wat educated fbr the Bar^ in tbe following Order t— A datachment 

but on tbe breaking out of tbe Revolu- of troopt of the line in two platoont ; 

tion, be eirtered the Artillery, in which a platoon of chatteurt of tbe Nationri 

be wm rapidly promoted. From tbe Guard ; the mourning ooncb, drawn by 

firtt carapofgnt of the Revolution to the two bortet, in which wat an oflcer; 

Battle of Waterloo, he wat in iacettant afterwardt IbUowed nearly 6,000 per^ 

action, and freqoemhrdittinguished bim- tone i a platoon of tfoopt of the line at 

ielf. He wat wounded in Moreau't r»- tbe bead of tbe equipaget» AH tbe 

tinat, at tbe battle of Orthet, and at pupilt of thetcboolol lawandmedieine, 

Waterloo. Hit activity in Spain wat witbont eaetpiion. Joined the procettlon. 

woll known to many olRcera of the Eng* Tbe Duke de Cbolteul, notwitbttandhig 

lith army. Though bit fate wat bound bit great age, went to tbe grave, and 

up with tbe military profetiion, be n- would have delivered an addrmt, bnt 

fnted,. previoutly to tbe expedition to wat o v e rp o wer e d by hit fcellngt, and 

Bgvpt^tbe appointment of Aide-de-camp compelled to abandon bit Intention. 

coBnonapartr, whote viewt be teemt to M. Royaf CuUard, ahbougfa oil the pre- 


Obituary. — W»Oive, Eiq.'^Liettt.-treru Bailliet Urc [Jan. 

ceding day de had witnessed the inter- 
ment of bis disting^uished brother^ at* 
tended the funeral, but in the road to 
Pere Lacbaise he became indisposed, 
and was conveyed to a house on the 
Boukvard. Among the followers were 
the Viscount Chateaubriand, M. Lafitte, 
M. Gohier, formerly President of the 
Directory, Horace Vemet, Marshals On* 
dinot and Marmont, General OTonnor, 
8ce. The grave in which the late emi- 
nent individual was interred is near that 
of Camille Jordan. The Minister of 
War^s carriage was among those which 
attended the procession. Eloquent and 
pathetic addresses were delivered at the 
grave by Messrs. Cassimer Perrier, Tor- 
naux, Mecbin, and Lieutenant-General 
MioUis. At the moment when the 
former said, '* If General .Foy died without 
fortune, the nation will adopt his widow 
and children," a host of voices exclaimed 
''Yes, we swear it» the nation will adopt 
them." AU the theatres of Paris, and 
particularly those on the Boulevards, 
were nearly deserted in the evening. 
The National Guards on duty at the post 
of their staff on Thursday appeared with 
crape on the arm. 

Baron Mechin proposes to give the 
name -of Gallerie de Foy to a passage 
which he iA building in the Rue de la 
Chauss^e d'Antin, and which he had at 
first named Passage d'Antin. He has 
also transferred one of the shares of the 
above enterprise to the sons of Gene- 
ral Foy. 

William Clivb, Esq, 

June 1&. Aged 81, William Clive,e6q. 
of Styche, brother to the celebrated 
Liord Clive, and uncle to the Earl of 
Powys. He was for many years M.P. 
lor Bishop's Caitle, Salop* He was the 
sixth son of Richard Clive, esq. of Styche, 
by Rebecca, daughter and coheir of Na- 
thaniel Gaskill, of Manchester, esq. and 
was born August 39, 1746. He first sat 
for Bishop's Castle in that Parliament 
which met October 31, 1780; and re- 
presented that borough in ten successive 
Parliaments. In 1803 hia election was 
contested, but at the close of a poll 
which lasted four days* he possessed a 
decisive majority. It was brought into 
the House by the petitions of R. B. Rob- 
son and J. C. Kinchant. It was tried 
May 12, 1803; and Sir George Corn- 
wall, President of the Committee, re- 
ported to the House, May 13, 1803, 
that the sitting Members were duly 
elected, and that the petitions wei'e fri- 
vilous and vexatious. He supported 
Mr. Pitt's administration during t be war. 

Libut.-Gbn. M. Baillib. 
IjoUly. At Nice, Lteut.-Gen. Mat- 
thew Baillie. He entered the army as 
Cornet, ]3lh Light Dragoons, in 1779, 
and after serving five years as a subal- 
tern, purchased a troop in Feb. 1785. 
In 1793 he exchanged into the 38th foot, 
with a view of obtaining promotion in 
the new levies. In 1794 he was promoted 
to a Majority 104th reg. from which he 
purchased the Lieut.-Colonelcy of the 
2nd battalion, then raised for the 83rd, 
which he joined in Dublin, and did duty 
with it several months, when, on the 
Earl of Westmoreland's leaving Ireland, 
there being objections made to the 83rd 
having a second battalion, it became the 
134th regiment, to his great disappoint- 
ment. He received the rank of Colonel 
Jan. 1, 1800; Major-General, April 25, 
1808 1 and Lieut-General, June 4, 1813. 

Capt. Charles Adams, R.N. 
Jan, 8. In Everett-street, Russell- 
square, aged 43, Capt. Charles Adams, 
R.N. He entered the navy in the year 
1796, and the Captains with whom he 
served as Midshipman all bore the most 
honorable testimony to his unwearied 
bravery and good conduct. A few 
months before he had completed bis 
sixth year in that capacity, he particu- 
larly distinguished himself in the Jet- 
loutie, commanded by Capt. Stracbey, 
by whom he was employed to cut out 
some vessels in Calais Harbour, in at* 
chieving which he received a ball in the 
thigh, which lamed hira for life. His 
conduct was reported in such strong 
terms of approbation to the Admiralty, 
that he was oraered to attend as soon as 
possible to pass for Lieutenant. He 
continued to serve with credit and dis* 
tinetion during the whole of the war ; 
and fondly hoped, at least at its oonclu- 
sion, that he should retire qq the half- 
pay of. a Commander; but in ihxi be 
was disappointed. Meantime the Ad- 
miralty Board evinced their confidence 
in him by keeping him constantly em- 
ployed in the Sea Fencibles, Signal Posts, 
and Guard Ships. Having been three 
years First Lieutenant of the jtHnon, 
which be quitted with the highest testi- 
monials from Admiral Raggett, he felt 
confident that he should obtain the 
rank he had so long desired, but it was 
still withheld. At length, after being 
16 years a Lieutenant, and 34 in His 
Majesty's service, by the kind and 
earnest remonstrance of Sir George Cock- 
burn, bis tardy promotion arrii^. He 
was made Commander in Feb* 1834; 
soon after which a fatal. disease, the 
consequence of his wound and hard 

wrvirt, twoMDOiippuMKf and to Mr iw wni >hOy «» a mifce waight 

MtftTtetia. tkHi ftir tbt mifiMitiwi of Botbal (#fefMi 

— ^- wasconflNrredo»tke.tiitorof thapmtent 

Yen. Abchiniacoii Hsttor. I>ai»)» to the vicataiee c^ 8c. AofuidMri 

JbMSS. In NottinKbafli--|ilac«, asad in Bristol, the prete^UtioB to wbklV it 

87t tba RcT. Luka Heilopy DJ>. Areb« that tioM chaneed to ba in the Crv9m% 

dcaeon of Buekty Rector of St. Ifafy-la* iba Dean of Briftol, thafanner ineaai- 

bone. If iddletes, Viear of St. Aufotdno beat, bairing been railed ta tbe Beavb. 

and St. Mark, Bristol ; tbe okUtt Seakir In Sc itfafylebaaa. Dr. Hetlof flaallf 

Wraa^er, and the oldett ArebdaaeoB of lettled.hiawelf ia Deeamber 1809, wbaa 

all bis oonfeaporaries. be bad alieady pasted tbe tbreeteoiaya^nr 

He was tbe yooofest af a oofaenNaa and tan allotted to nwrtal vigoor. HU 
Hmily, at Middlebsni in tbe nortb of advaneedage, botperer, bjno aMani|M*« 
Yorksbiie, and was born and baptised rented a BMstaMiduoos attention avail 
on St. Lake's day, and naoMd after tbat tbe varioos concerns of ibat tut-tmd 
Saint. He did not go to Caaftbridgo overgrown parif b. In matters of pobllif 
ootU be bad passed tbe nsoal age i and basinets, wiioever is called bv bis sttoo* 
took tbe degree of B.A. in 1764, as Senior tion or efiloe, not ooljto do bis owtf 
Wrangler of Bene't College, wbara ba datyylmt to make otheri do tlMiri,.maBt 
afterwards became Fellov. Ha pro* eftan find many to oppoaa, and wiU bofO 
aeaded M.A. 1767» BJ). 177i. Id 1771 bat a tbanUem and an irfcaoma tnkf 
be was an unsuecettful eaadidata for soch may, in tome oases, bate baen tbo 
tbe Profcssorsbip of Chemistry, ki Jotof tbevenerabloArdideaaooof BoeU 
1778 and 1773 ba filled tbe oilca of and^ged minister of St. Marylebaoe. Td 
Moderator in the poblic schools. The bis firmness priacipaUy is owing that tho 
Matter of Bene't wat at tbit time Dr. enorraom tpiritoal erilr in the paritb af 
Grtene, Bitbop of Lincoln. Appreciating Marylebooe, that of aammittiog mtmm 
the active talents and persevering in- than one handred thowsand toolt to tho 
dostnr of Mr. Heslop, be first appointed charge of one pattor, was not .perpiMii- 
bim bis eaamining Chaplain, and sooo ated,.as it bad lierotofora been palliated 
after, in 1778, Arch d eao on of Bocking- for tbe moasentf by tiM erection of ad- 
bun. On the various doties of this ditional proprie^nty chapels, instead of 
latter charge Mr. Heslop imoMdiatcly vha only efoetaal reoMdy beiag applied, 
ootcred with oncompromising firmnem vis. a division into separate pansbca. 
and resoluti on a line of conduct wfaicb —This veatMdy bis soggcstiow obiete 
ba laid doww to bhnself, and pofsoed pointed out, and this bis nady yioMlaf 
tbroogboat. To tbe Arcbdeaaonry was up bis own rights, enabled tbe Crown to 
attached a stall at Lincoln. The Bishop begin during bis ineumbeney. Bjy ono 
becoming Dean of St. Paort, next con- of tbe latt acts of tbe last session of par- 
ferred on him tbe prebeadial stall of liament, this kmg-ealted-for division has 
Holbom in that cathedral, tof^ber with been carried into eomplele effset. In 
tbe vicarage of St. Peter le Poor in the the ditcharga of tbe ministerial duties 
city of London. Tbit vicarage wat ro> of Marylebone, Dr. Heslop wat ever ready 
signed for tbe rectory of Adstock in to do more than could be looked for, 
Badn, tbe last pfcferateot bestowed on either from hit age or bis station. His 
him by bis eariy and conttant patron, heart wat ever kind, and hit ear ever 
On tbit living Mr. Hetlop retidcd up* open, to the calls of diUrott whw 
wardt vi 95 years as an active paritb brought before him; and tbe poor who 
pattor and useful magistrate} during the went to bim with their own little talea 
latter part of this period be held alMthe of want or difficulty will bear their tet- 
tmall reetory of Addington. tiroony, tbat they alwayt found bim at- 
Hit midence in Buckinghamtbire in- tenttve to their complaintt, and ready 
troduoed bim to the acquaintance of tbe both himtelf to give and alto to procure 
late Duke of Portland, to wlKMcinteretta fur tbem proper relief. In private Ufi^ 
in tbe county be attached bisBtelf, and whoever knew bim, will recollect tho 
to whom be wat indebted for the prefer- perfect urbanity and a&bility of bis 
BMnt be allterwards attained. In 1803 maiinert. In person tall and command- 
be wat presented 1^ his Grace of Port- ing, bit appearance wat tbat of a higliW 
land, then Prime Minitter, to tbe valua- dignified and venerabla clergyman. Sod 
ble reetory of Botbal, co. Northumber- wat tbe eatraordinary vigour of bia co»* 
kad, wUh which be abo held the unall ttitotion, that for tbe firtt eighty yearn 
■tdory of Fulmer in Bocki. Theto ef bis life, be was never confined a aingia 
Kviags, however,, he thoetly afterwarda day by ticknem, nor ever had recooiaa to 
gave up, and wat appointad 1^ tbe Duke medical remediet or advice i a rare oi^ 
of P^ftlaod, minuter of St. Marylebooe, emption this from tbe ilia which flab is 
CBirr. Mao. Jmmmnh 1 ^^6. 


90 OiiTUAET— fFaI<«r TVojf, Btq^^ChewlUr 0. H. Linquitu [Jan- 

generally heir to i yet tueb an unlnter* 
ranted enjoyment of health, throughout 
to extended a period, mutt be attributed, 
in part at least, to his own proper and 
temperate uie of the blessing itself : he 
nerer knew what it was to have an bead- 
adie. During this long Arcbdeaconsbip, 
he published several charges to his clergy, 
marked by sonnd practical advice ; whilst 
ictident in his living in Bucks, two short 
** Exhortations to habitual and devout 
Communicants ;'* and whilst at Bathall, 
two sermons preached at the assises, and 
mt the visitation of the Bishop of Dur- 
liam. He published " Observations on 
the Statute of 31 Geo. 111. e. 29, eon- 
eeming the assize of bread," 8vo. 1798. 
** Comparative statement of the Food pro- 
duced from Arable and Grass Land, and 
the returns from each," 4to. 1801. (Re- 
viewed in vol. LXXii. p. 755.) *< Observa- 
tions on the duty on Property, &c*' 8vo. 
1805. '* Two Sermons and a Charge,'* 
SvO. 1807. To the very end of his life 
be continued extremely fond of mil mat- 
ters relating to calculation, and was con- 
stantly employing himself with a pen in 
his hand. He was throughout life inde- 
fatigable. In 1773 Mr. Heslop mahrted 
Dorothy, a daughter of Dr. Reeve, a 
physician of eminence in the city. This 
lady, one son, and a daughter, married to 
Henry Partridge, Esq. of Hockham Hall, 
Norfolk, survive him. His remains were 
aceompanied on foot (by the parochial 
clergy) to the new church of St. Maryle- 
bone. Few men, even during a long life, 
have held successively more church pre- 
ferment than Dr. Heslop. But the emo- 
luments of all of them together, did not 
altow him to amass wealth. Instead of 
having to record of Dr. Heslop, as was 
once said of a certain church dignitary, 
and may perchance be said of another— 
that he died '• shamefully rich,"— to the 
surprise of all who misjudged bis public 
means, and knew not the private de- 
mands upon it, the Ute Rector of Mary- 
lebone died poor. 

Walter Trov, Esq. 
iitiUfy* At the house of bis son-in- 
law. Dr. Lee, hi Cavendisb-row, Dublin, 
aged 83, Walter Troy, esq. brother to 
the late Dr. Troy, Roman Archbishop of 
Dublin, and father of the late respected 
CoUector of Limerick. Mr. Troy was a 
gentleman of a most amiable, cheerful, 
and benevolent disposition. He never 
thought any trouble too gveat, or any 
labour too severe to render a service to 
a friend ; and his desire to do good to 
his - fellow-creatures was so strong, and 
formed so marked a trait in his character, 
that he often left his own concerns unre- 
guarded, that he might attend to the af- 

fairs of his acquaintance. The late Duke 
of Leinster, the late Earl of Cbarlemont, 
Henry Grattan, the Right Honourable 
T. Conolly, and many more who might 
be enumerated, knew bis worth, and es- 
timated and rewarded it by their coun- 
tenance and regard. It is unnecessary 
to add, that such a roan fulfilled all rela- 
tions in his own family with exemplary 
propriety, and that his descendants, con- 
nexions, and friends, will long cherish the 
memory of his kindness and bis virtues. 

Chbvalibr G. M. Linquiti. 

Sept.n, 1825, aged 51, the celebrated 
Chevalier Giovanni Maria Linquiii, Di- 
rector of the Royal Asylum for the In- 
sane at A versa, whose name is so ho- 
nourably known in Europe. He was born 
at- Muliltta, at 1774; was very early 
distinguished by his learning, and at first 
studied the law, but soun left it for a 
ddonastic life> in the convent of the Su- 
viti. Being afterwards obliged, by poli- 
tical events, to lay aside bis religious 
habit, and assume tbat of a secular priest, 
he was received as a friend in tl^e house 
of the illustrious Berio, Marquis of Galsa, 
in whose library be had an opportunity 
of extending the sphere of his knowledge, 
especially in what relates to the physical 
and moral nature of man, of which an 
irrefragible proof was given by the first 
volume of bis Recherche tuif Alsenzeone 
Menittle. Bi|t the origin of his great re- 
putation is to be dated from the time of 
his being appointed to direct the Royal 
Asylum at A versa. 

Linquiti was one of the first who per* 
ceived that insanity, a disease peculiar 
to the reasoning animal, man, having its 
origin in reason, never entirely departs 
from that origin s that the insane are not 
so in everything, or at all times } that 
we can and ought to try to restore their 
reason by reason, and that the diief, if 
not the only medicine in an hospital for 
the insane. Is the luminous intelligence 
of the person who directs it. 

The principle which guided Linquiti 
in the treatment of lunatics was founded 
on their education | he began by consi- 
dering ihem as sane, took care that 
every one should follow the usual exer- 
cises of his heart and condition, and es- 
tablished his new system of cure on the 
basis of occupation and amusement ; oc- 
cupation for the versatility of the ideas 
of the maniac, and amusement against 
the fixed ideas of the melancholy. The 
results of this method was so saecessful, 
that the new establishmenti of this 
description soon became celebrated 
throughout Europe. 

The heahb of ChevaHer Linquiti had 
been on the Medina from 1815 to his 


Clergy Deceased. 


4Mth»vliich WW lionoiirtd with , many 
tean, k«t nothiiif; eould be more affoct- 
iogthaB the funeral ceremony, in the 
chapel of the asylum. Doctor Vulpez» 
the phyndan of the establiihment, re« 
cited» in a molt moving eologium, the' 
■keritaof the deceased ; and the whole 
hcKly of the -iosane who were present, 
became plun^d in borrow, as If they 
had lost their reason a second time. 


Dee. 88. In D^ke-street, Westminster, 
^ed 54, Nathaniel Atcheson* esq. F.S.A. 
Bolicitar. He published « Report of the 
Case, Havelock against Rookwood, argued 
and determined in the Court of King's 
Bendi, on^the validity of a senteuoe of con<-~ 
deianaUon by an enemy's Consul in a ^eu* 
tnl Port," 8to. 1800.— ^« A Letter on the 
praaeat stale of the carrying part 6f the 
Coal Trade," 8vo. 1 808.— « Report of the 
Case, Fiaher against Ward, respecting the 
Bassiaa Embargo on British Ships," 8vo. 
1808.^ — t* American Encroachments on Bri- 
tish Rights," 9ro, 1808. 

Mr. AuAneBOD, by assiduity, knowledge, 
and si^acity, had raised himself into emi- 
aeaoe as a solicitor, and enjoyed the respect 
and confideace of some of the' most distin* 
guwhed dttracters of the country. His 
koowle^e was 1^ no means confined to his 
profiession. He was well acquainted with the 
world, possessed general information, and a 
spood knowledge of the true principles of the 
Bfitiah Constitution f to whicti be was ardent- 
ly attached. But his memory has a claim to 
the respect and gratitude of the country. 
Fully convinced of the wisdom and integrity 
of our great departed statesman, and that 
his principles were pre-eminently calculated 
to su|^>ort the interests and honour of the 
empire, Mr. Atcheson was the original 
firander of the Pitt Club, an institution 
which has been zealously adopted in the 
Bxjst prominent parts of the British Em- 
pife, and will consequently be transmitted 
with that empire, and essentially contribute 
to perpetuate its honour, its importance, 
sad its security. Mr. Atcheson, in private, 
was an enlightened counsellor, a firm friend, 
and a social companion. He was ever ready 
to assist unprotected merit, liberal in hos- 
pitality, and benevolent in disposition. 


SaL 3. At his rectory-house, Tiuwell, 
CO. Rutland, aged 87, the Rev. Thomas 
fttteff LL.B. He was of Queen's College, 
Cambridge ; ord«ned priest, 1 2th June, 1 763 ; 
iaatxtoted to the Rectory of Dowsby, co. 
liaeolB, the day following ; and to the Vica- 
rage of Witham on the Hill,.Sd of Nov. of 
fav$ both which he xesigned m UJ^9 

on being presented to the Vicarage of Ryhall, 
CO. Rutiuid^ and to the Rectory of Carebv, ~ 
CO. Lincoln. In 1798, he resigned RyhaU, 
being presented to the Rectory of Tinwell. 
He was a native of Bourn, co. Lincoln, and 
was coheir of Thos. Burrell, esq. of Ryhall 
and Dowsby (descended from Sir John Bor^ 
rell, knt. ot the latter place, who was living 
in 1634). Mr. Foster married Sarali, dan. 
and co-neir of the Rev. John Baskett, Rec- 
tor of Punsby, cq. Lineoln, by whom he had 
twelve children, nine of whom survive him. 
Two of them are sons, both members of 
the Church, and seven daughters, all res- 
pectably married. He was an active Magis- 
rate for the county of Rutland upwards of 
40 years, and Treasurer for the same co. 
33 years, of both which offices he faithfully 
discharged the duties without fee or emolu- 
ment ; and as a pastor, father and husband, 
was deservedly and universally esteemed, 
and respected. 

Nov* 6. At Bishara Vicarage, the Rev. 
Rx^er Manwaring, He was the third son of 
John Robert Parker, esq. of Upper Harley- 
street, and Kermincham Hall, Cheshire, by 
Catharine, eldest daughter of John Uniadce, 
esq. of Youghall, co. Cork } was bora at 
Qreen Park, Youghall, Feb. 3, 1 794 ; and 
baptized at Youghall, and assumed the name 
of Main waring by sign-manual, and his ma- 
ternal great-aunt Jones's desire, Jan. 6, 1801). 

Nov, 1 9. Aged 69, the Rev. J* AppM^ee, 
Prebendary of Lincoln, and Rector of East 
Thorpe, in Essex. He was of St. John's 
College Oxford, where he proceeded,iM»/k« 
January, 19, 1780, and B.P. April 14, 
1785. In 1795, he was elected Prebendary 
of Norton Episcopi in Lincoln Cathedral, 
and in the following year instituted to the 
Rectory of Easthorpe. 

Nov. SO. At the house of Charles Ing^e- 
by, esq. of Austwick, co. York, the Rev. 
Thomas Carr, one of the Senior Fellows of 
Trinity College, Cambridge ; where he pro- 
ceeded B. A. 1797, M.A. 1800. He had the 
honour of being College Tutor to the pre- 
sent Puke of Pevoushire, when Marquis of 

Dec. 4. At Merton, Oxfordshire, the 
Rev. John Lea Heyes, B.P. Vicar of that 
parish. Rector of Bushey, Hertfordshire, 
Senior Fellow of Exeter College, for many 
years one of his Majesty's Preachers at White- 
hall, firom the University of Oxford. He 
took his degree of MA. June 15, 1787, at 
Pembroke College ; and that of B.P. Nov. 
7, 1798, at Exeter College, Oxford ; which 
Society in 1806, presented him to the Vica- 
rage of Merton, and but few months since, 
on the death of the Rev. R. Vivian, to the 
Rectory of Bushey. 

Rev. H. Kelly f Vicar of Bishop Burton, 
CO. York ; to which he was presented in 1 883^ 
(on the death of the Rev. K. Rigby,) by thq. 
Pean and Chapter of York, 

M Obiujaet. ^ [JanL 

Rev. J. J2. Pricty B^A. Cumto of Stone- Jan, 1 1 . At Guttbenrell, eged 8S, Judith^ 

]>oiwe, eo.-Glottcester. zelkt of John Reed» ekq. of Peckham. 

. At Kibworth, aged 85, the Rer. Thxma* Jan. 15. In Upper-st. Islington, aged 75, 

Thomas^ B.D. Rector of laham, co. North- John Wilson, esq. 

^mptonshire, and many years Curate of East Jan, 1 7. In Jjonn Belgzave-pl. PimIico,> 

Fan^iam. He was instituted to the Rectory aged 68, Grervas Wylde, Esq. 

of Isham in 1774, on the presentation of Jan 18. At Newington-green, aged 77, 

Tkomas Bokeby, esq. William Coles, esq. formerly of Shoe-lane, 

^ Fleet-street. 

" Jan. 18. At his house in Ave Maria Lane, 

DEATHS. ^'» Wro. Ellerby. 

iDetf. <?. At his sister's. Lower Orosrc' Jan. 18. At her son's, Nottingham-place, 

aor-tt. aged 91, Capt. Charles Robinson, a aired 68, Mrs. Hutchinson, widow of Bury 

Jfonng omoer who had only returned from Hutchinson, esq. of Bloomsbury-square. 

India a few dsys. He was unfortunately ad- fifiucs.— «/an. 8. At Clewer House, Berks, 

dieted to walking in his sleep, and throwing the infiuit son of James Deane, esq. 

himself from his bedchamber window in the Jan. IS. A^d 54, £dw. Wells, esq. of 

•eoond story, was killed on the spot. Wallingford. He was long an active Magis- 

Ihe. 29. At Mrs. Slade Baker's, Berke- trate for the county, and also for the Bo- 

ley-sq. Eliza, youngest dau. of late Rev. John rooeh of which he was an Alderman ; and 

Bannbter, of Wareham, Dorset. for his spirit, integrity, unremitted exertions 

i>ee.S7.. In Queen* St. Great Surrey road, in the discharge of bis Magisterial duties, 

Mr* Henry Bengough. and the uniform kindness of lits manners, 

isOtely, Leaving a large fiimily, Charlotte, was universally esteemed by the town and 

wifb of Chades Charrih«| esq. of Black- neighbourhood. He is succeeded in his ex- 

beath. tensive^ brewerr by Ids eldest son and partner, 

In Seymour st. Portman-tq. Anne, widow Mr. Edward Wells. 

ol Adm. Sir Janes Wallace. Dec. 25. At Monk's Risborough, Eleanor 

At his residence in Southampton-build- Brooke, fourth dau. of Rev. Z. Brooke,Vicar 

ings, Chanoerr-lane, univeraally regretted, of Great Uormead, Herts. 

Med 74^ Rieh. Gr^ths, esq. one of the Cambridobshirk.'—Da:.24. John Buck- 

CMist Solicitors on the Rolls. He was a by, esq. student of Trinity college. 

native of Shrewsbury, where he passed the Dec 31. In St. Andrew-st. in his 74 th 

Qirly part of his life ; but for tne last 64 yev, Eliz. Burrows, dau. of Thos. Burrows, 

J ears, he had constantly resided in London, esq. M.A. formerly Fellow of Trinity Col- 
Its widow, the partner of his life daring 50 le^e, one of the Esquire Bedells of Cam- 
years, survives his loss. bridge University. 

Jem. 2. Aged 89, EliAbeth, widow of Derbyshire. — Dec 21. In her 70th year, 

Paul Barbot, esq. of New-road, Fitzroy- Eliz.wifeof the Rev. J Jtf. Ray, of Sudbury, 

sqilare. Dec. 22. Aged 96, the relict of Samuel 

Jan. 2. The Hon. Wm. Bacheler Colt- Morton, esq. late of Tideswell. 

aian, late Chairman of the Board of Audit Jan. 13. Aged 89, Martha, relict of Mr.- 

at Quebec; and a Member of the Executive Joseph Hulse, of Amber, and daughter of W. 

and Legislative Councils of Lower Canada. Sykes, esq. of Edgeley. 

Jan, 4. At Norwood, aged 72, James H. Jan. 1 7. Miss Frances Clare Bower, here- 
Short, esq. tofore of Stookport, and late of Buxton, one 

Jan. 5. At South Lambeth, aged 58, G. of the daughters and co-heiresses <^ the 

Phillips, esq. late Buckley Bower, esq. of Aspinshaw. 

Jan. 6, In Northumberland-st. aged I£, Devonshire. — Dec. 3l. Aged 63, Su- 

John Stirlmg, eldest son of J. C. Burck- sannah, relict of Charles Samways, esq. of 

hardt, esq. Fowey, Cornwall. 

Jan. 7. At Walcot-plaoe, Lambeth, aged Dorsetshire. — Dec. l . At a very ad- 

C8f Alex. Fulton, esq. vanced age, Wm. Toogood,- esq. of Sher- 

Jan. S, In Berners-st. aged 59, Richard borne. 

Dtbary, esq. of lincoln's-inn-fields. Jan. 2. Olivia Harriet, youngest dau. of 

Jan. 9. In Cannon-street, Mary, wife of L.E. St. Lo, esq. Fontmell House. 

Tho. Williams, esq. Deputy of Walbrook Jan. 11. At Buckshaw House, the lady 

Ward. of Rich. Le GroR, esq. 

Jan. 9. InDow«-it»Piccadilly, aged 49, Jan. 13. At Holt, aged 73, Lieut. Isaac 

John Porteus, esq. Banger, an offiter in the Dorset Militia lor' 

Jan. 1 0. In her 79th year, at the house 50 jrears. 
of her son-in-law, Charles Baldwin, esq. £fssx«<— Jan. 2. At Great Cbeaterford, 

throre-hill, Cambei^ell, Eliz. relict of Rev. John Sampson, esq. 
Hugh LaurenU, fbrmerU of Kingston, B«c« •Am* 8. At Debden Hnll* iged (9».'ifnry» 

tor of Grafton Flyford, Worcestershire. relict of Sir Francis Vincenty eighth Biirooet 

ifgiiMafcVcBicc. ShewMdMbolRid^id o£th»lpi» — li«Mitn>,M»^ftMilpm> . 

MwlflUB TRnch Chbwdl, esq. wm OMiiMd Jan. 1. M N«slom ipd jl, *ntwn 

n Jaly»1779, wm iBoih«r to Sir Fnradt QoMlbMilwof tlMlMt|Uib.ClMyh»iiq. 

tba btot 9bA grawAnodur to Sir Fnnds «£M«|cJi«tor, 

th* ptniit BwoMt. MiDDLBstz^ — JoR. 9. At Gbiilt(n» mhI 

Jbklft. A9Bd46»wliiltwdlBiv mwl 7>, PuMito j widpy of Opt. Bfoidii, ^a. 

hit pooidt IB mnml hoiJtli, Wn. ^nt- Jmt, IC. At ^oobaxy Mnd 84,. Gibi 

urn, ctq. ofStwiMttoney Magittnte fiv cU Croinpe> esq. Clerk to th« OolIi-woitaiC 

opoBty. OMipMi3rfi»^T"«i* 

J«ii.ta AtLtjtoB,Wm.CopdaBd,M«. Nowolk^— jD^Stf. WUliui PbUMom 

DoB«iM<— ^«i* & At Watt Lodgiy ewi.ofTliof]My]MwNonneliy molsof Bin^ 

Steliagtoo* ki b«r 8td jtor. Am, wifii of Htniy JOwi^ Boikdej-iqMm. 

J4N»(lwi BtokbouMy Efq. mb. om of Uw NoBnuafnoiiiBiRs.— >!)««. 95. Ag«d M!» 

SoiittyofFUMidt. JoImi BoitoB, ttf|. of Hoii^faloB Houm. 

QhWCMMTtfUUilBM^—Zkc. 19. Aia^fkoBK N0TTl]IOflAlf«n8l.--«MB. 91. Agid 79, 

CBl.Yor]w9kls€ftlM38dicgt.BDdfivrBMrl7 JohB BIobI, gwrt. of K— ijntoBg. 

ofCbtbifiBt-pLBMli. OuoRotHiBi^— Mpb. 91. At QxfiMd, 8k 

JDte.99. Ib SooMntt-oliBit, KiantowB, £dw. Hitefam, AldmMB tad tliroB tiBMB 

■«48,4oiopliia^duLofJoMiihlfiU,«tq. Major of ihat Q^. DariK a kw lift ho 

ofToworHiuHoaMyBeorBoawelL wm uBiCBrflil/ disttBgabliod for poffiMt vp- 

JmLlO. In Prilohvd-^t. of oaoplou, BgbtofBtofeliaactiraadtbtwBnBMt bon»- 

■0id87»Fnaoes,ddMtdn.ofbto^Coloiiil ToUcBof hwit B«WMkB%|itid J«mI9, 

W^Mdp»BMiiigktorofndd-Mtf!iU 1819. 

Wodo. Dec.94» At SoBBMr Towb, after a w- 

JmL 17. At theHolwdlB, Med 9I9 Epi- vera iOaen of iftees |«eit, i||ed 98, Mk 

«a ChrMbaa, yoBBceet daa. of San. BfiM!, WimuBHeeweU^kfteBrririag child of the 

eeq-Fiaadfeaj. kteRor. WOIm JepeoailMwon, oTSoothr 

UiMTi^-Jbi. 8. At the Oeom Ub, Shieldi, aad Rector of St. Joha, JeBiaiea» 

Aadover, ia hie 59lh year, ioba C^aiitoa. great freadMNi, by hb BMther, to the late 

OH* «fBraheHo«ee, Bear Mere, WUta. &er. Bob. Twyeroaa, Vtcar of Oakley,. 

Jkn. 18. Aged 89, Mr. Vfm. Make, a BfUl, mad Qceitall, Boeki, ead of Water- 

YaryoldasdreifeplediBhabitRatofSoBlli- peny, Ozfiml, nephew to lato Capt. Rob. 

OBiptOB. Twveroae, R. N. and oomiu to Capt. Comfay, 

JhB.19. AtLyBiqgtOB,iBhb76thyear, B*N.of Hei^iingtomDiirfaaBi. 

CharlM St. Barbe, ee% BBhreneUy nmatod Jan, 16, Aged 68, Jthn Bowdea, eaa. 

bythetowmndneigbboBrhood. fWttialBBt ofRadfionl. 

for^ yean, he had been the priaeapal pro- Rutlaboshiib.— xloa. 19. In her lOOdi 

prietorofUMtaltworki there; end in 1788 he year, Mn. Sharp, of Laagfaam. 

cetabliahed the firat baakii^ hiwineaa in the SoafsasETfiUBE^— /)«<:. SI. At Welk, 

town. In hit deelinp he wm bonmirable Thos. Forch,eaq. Captain of the 9d Soraenet 

and liberal 1 and m a nagiatrate, actire aad « Regiment of Militia. 

upright. Dee,9B, Aged 91, Mary Anne, eldest 

HBBTt.— 5epl.l6. In hia 69th year, the dan. of Robert Shew, omi. Bladnd baiidingt. 

Hob. Robert Baroa Diaiadale, of Camfield- Bath, 

place. Dee, 99. MiM Simpson, sister of Ute 

Jan. 19. At Norton near Baklock, in her Rer. Tho. Simpaon, of Keysham-pL KeyB^ 

100th year, Sarah MaawelL TV aaaM na- sham. 

riah in which she wm bom now contaiu her Jan, 7. At the hooae of her son. Dr. Da- 

remains. She wm a coMtant attendaat upon vis, in the Royal Crescent, Beth, aged 80, 

the ordinances of the church, with the ex- the relict of Riobert Daris, esq. of WooUey 

ceptioB of the few last years of her lifis, when Hill, near Bndford, Wilts, 

her si^ became much impaired. She wm Jan, 11. In his 76th year, George Lye, 

the good wooaan of the parish, aad in that esq. one of the magistrates for Bath, 

capaei^, probably aasisted into the world the Jan, 16. At Camerton House, neu 

greateet part of her neighbours who stood Bath, a|^ 81, the widow of John Jarrett, 

round her grate at her iotermeat. Her piety esq. of Jamaica, and of Freemantle, near, 

and aaoAnding disposition procured her ma- Southampton. 

ay friends, and ner mind WM unimpaired eren Jan. 19* In Milsom-st. Bath, Maiy, 

afow minatM prerious to her dissolution. wife of Samuel Webb, esq. of Henbnry. 

HoHTaiP-Jm.l7.Athishoose,Marihall's Jan. 19. At Wincantoo, aged 60, Lucy, 

Wiek* Geo. Salliran Martin, esq. wife of Mr. Geo. Messiter, and youngeat 

LiBCiaBiBB. — Dee, 95. Suddenly in the dau. of Ute John Newman, esq. oc Berwick 

eauibBle of. the townhall, Liverpool, aced House. 

70,Mb.T1km.Rowc, lbrd3yeaneoMtiaile Sussbz.— Jon. IS. In Wellii^tOB-w}. 

of the befaagb. Haatiaga, Harxiot, wife qf Vioo-Adau Geo. 

/)In;80. At Manchester, Harriet, wife|of Pari»r. 

94 Q$mAmt. [Jaiu 

STArT0iiDSBifii^*-srayi.7. At the Dmii- moiitlishira» t^ged B8, Rebecety rtHet of W. 

rjt Ldtcbfield, «ged 60, Mrs. Woodhouie» Perrott WUlioms, esq. of Hermoni Hill, 

vUSi of the Very Rev. the Deaa. Haverfordwett. 

Suffolk —Jon. 83. At an advanced age, Dec, IS, At Stirling Park, Carmartbea- 

the relict of Mr. Green, surgeon, late of shire, Jane, wife of Dr. Henry Laurenee. 

Ixworth, Suffolk. Dec, 37. At Bangor, by the ezplosioa 

Jan* 4, At MildenbaH, aged 15, Char- of a gun, J. Royle, esq. brother to the Rev, 

lotte Augusta, dau. of Sir. Geo. Denys, John Royle, Rector of Corapton Martin, 

3art. Somersetshire. 

Aged 56, Mr. Chas. Clarke, SS years mas- Scotland. — Jan, l . At Glasgow, aged 

ter of the free grammar school, at Need- 82, Mr. John Bell, teacher of Umguagea. 

ham Market. He was a man who, for the extent of his 

Jan, 5. At Farlinghay Hall, near Wood- knowledge in ancient, modem, and especially 

bridge, aged 80, Mary, relict of Major Wm. Eastern literature, was an ornament to the 

Webb. She was eldest dan. of Sir Atwell city and universtty. He was acquainted with 

Lake, second Baronet, of Edmonton, Mid- the Latin, Greek, Hebrew, French, Ger- 

dlesex, by Mary, only dau. of Janes Winter, man, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Saxon, 

esq. of Mile End ; aiMl was sister to the late, l^tonic, Gothic, Icelandic, Portuguese, 

and aunt to. the present Baronets. Arabic, Persic, Chaldaic, Sanscrit, Hln- 

Warwickshirb. — Jan, 6, At Honington dostanee, Bengalee, and several other Ian- 

Hall, aged 73, Gore Townsend, esq. guages. 

Westmoreland. — Jan,l\, At Raven- t^n. 13. AtUnderiydePark,Roxburgh- 

etonedale, i«ed 81, Mr. Edmund Hodgson, shire, aged 70, Geo. Waldie, esq. of Un&r- 

fbrmerly of Wimpole-st. London. !J^' '^'^ of Forth House, Newcastle-upon- 

WiLTS. — Lately, Jane, only dau. of Tyne. 
Rev. Chas. Dewell, of Malraesbuiy. Ireland. — Jan, 11. At hit house, Rath- 
Jon. 3. Aged 63, Mr. E. Edmonds, of mines. Major James Allen, late of the 5th 
the firm of Yeobury, Tugwell, Edmonds, and Dragooni, formerly Port Surveyor of Drog- 
Son, Bradford. heda, a Magistrate of the county of Kildare, 

Jan, 10. Suddenly, of apoplexy, at an and late Treasurer of the Ordnance. He 

advanced age, Mr. Gould, of i>alisbury, an entered the military service of his country 

extensive stage-coach proprietor on the at so early an age as to have held the rank 

great Western road. of Lieutenant in 1755, and was distinguished 

•/on. 17. At the Parsonage, Maddington, under Generals Braddock, Amherst, and 

Catherine, wife of Rev. Joseph Legge, oi Wolfe, in the first American war, by the 

Maddlngton and Shrewton. command of several dangerous expeditions, 

Worcestershire. — At Worcester, aged which were conducted with ability, cou- 

70, Rich. Jones, esq. father of Mr. R. rage, and success. He was present at the 

Jones, of Covent-gwrden Theatre. Mr. storming of Ticonderoga, where his father 

Jones was an eminent architetx and surveyor, was killed, and at the taking of Montreal, 

and the author of that useful work, « The In Ireland, he was subsequently Ajd-de- 

Builders' Vade Mecum." Camp to Sir John Irwine, while 0>mmander 

Yorkshire. — Dec. 94. In PortUnd-pl. of the Forces, and also to thdree Lords Lieu- 
Hull, aged ff6, the relict of Thos. Sherlock, tenant, 
esq. of Redbum, Lincolnshire. Abroad.— ->#prtZ 9. At Hobart's Town, 

Dec. 29. At Wakefield, in his 70th year. Van Dieman's Land, John MargetU, M.D. 

John Billaro, esq. M.B. formerly of Tri- July I. In New South Wales, John Si- 

nity-college. eismund Gore, esq. Ensign ft7th Reg. Inf. 

Jan, 5. At Thome, aged 74, Mrs. Par- fourth son of Rev. Chas. Gore, of Banow 

kinson, aunt to Mrs. Graybum, York Pa- Court, Somerset, 

rade, near Hull.- Sept, %\, Mr. Thoma^ Cope, merchant, 

Jon. II. At Malton, in hu 79th year, ofTesceira. A party, consisting of eighteen 

Tliomas Davye, Esq. Surgeon. persons, were all lost in going mm St. 

Jan, 11. At Doncaster, aged 84, the Michael's to Terceira, in an open boat, 

widow of Gen. Sowerby. 5iep<. 93. At'Sea, Henry H. Sanver, 

Jan, 1 1 . Aged 30, Thomas Empsoo, esq. Commander of the Elphinstone, late of 

esq. of Goole. the Hon. E. I. C.'s Naval Service; 

Jan, 17. At Campsall Grange, near Nao. 31. In St. Mary's, Jamaica, in 

Doncaster, in his 58tn year, John Fol- her S8th year, Eliza, wife of Dr. William 

jambe, esq. late of Wakefield. Henry Vidal, and niece of Jess^ Foot, esq. 

Jan. 18. Aged 79, Thomas Keld, esq. of Ilfracombe, Devonshire. This lady is 

one of the senior members of the Corpora- much and deservedly esteemed. Her Jangh- 

tion of Scarbro'. ter* Emma Sarah Vidal, a promising child 

Jan. 26. At Shibden Hall, aged 77, of 7 years old, was unfortonatelv drowned 

James Lister, esq. on the 5th of August last, at Ilfiracombe» 

• WALsa»*-Vai. 84t At Newport, M<m- whilst oo a vi^it to her ^^real-Qiidfl^'Mr*' 


Bill c/ MoTtaXUyr-^MwrheUj 9fe.^^Can<d Shares. 

Foot, owlog to the want of proper batliiog 

JVov, 9S. In Jamaica, Henry P. Mais, 
^etq. of the firm of John and Henry Mab, 

Nov, 28. At Shrewsbury, New Jersey, 
in bis 7Sd year, Mr. £dw. Butler Thos. 
Grant, many years a resident, formerly a 
narchant in Manebester, England* 

Nov. Near Mexico, in bis Sdd year, 
the Hon. Augustus Waldegrave, third and 
youngest son of the late Adre. Lord Rad- 
atock, G. C. B. While shooting, in com- 
pany with Mr. Ward and Mr. luring, the 
gun of the latter accidentally exploded, and 
lulled him on the spot. He was educated 
St Brasenose College, Oxford, and took the 
degree of B. A. May, 1833, with distinction 
in Uteris humanioribus. His mathematical 
Imowledge was also considerable, while the 


aeeomplishments of his mind, the ratrity of 
hb manners, and the goodness of liia hearty 
endeared him to all. 

Dee. 8, At Lisbon, Gamett Gould, esq. 
for many years an eminent firitbh merehaat 
ih that city. . 

Dec, 11. At Avignon, the Hon. Mfis* 
Long, wife of O^t. Long, second dau. <^ 
Lord Stanley, and grand-(ku. of the Earl of 

. Dec. 16. At Jersey, at his brother's^ 
Col. Touzel, Richard rercival, son of lata 
Thomas Moulson, esq. of Chester, and 
nephew of the late Dr. Perclval, of Man- 

Dec, 28. In Hamburgh, aged 40, Lieut. 
James Heselden, R«N. of Bartou-upon- 

Jan. S. At Brussels, Eleanor^ wife ol 
John Thos. Newbolt, M. D. 

BILL OF MORTALITY, from December 3 1> 1835, to January 84, 1836. 

Males - 1037 
Females - 1018 



Males - 844 1 
Females - 803 J 

Whereof have died under two years old 
Salt 55. per bushel; l^d, per pound. 

8 and 5 176 

50 and 60 157 

5 and 10 73 

60 and 70 144 

10 and 30 61 

70 and 80 181 

80 and 30 84 

80 and 90 57 

SO and 40 118 

90 and 100 7 

40 and SO 134 

103 1 






s. d. 

s, d. 

s. d. 

s. d. 

s. d. 

59 5 

86 7 

84 11 

45 6 

40 4 

AGGREGATE AVERAGE of BRITISH CORN which governs Importation. 

from the Returns ending January 14. 


8, ^ 

44 8 

PRICE OF FLOUR, per Sack, Jan. S3, 50j. to 60*. 
AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, Jan. 18, 365. ll^c^. per cwt. 


St. James's, Hay 52. 55. Straw 3Z. 6s, Clover 6L 05. — ^Whitechapel, Hay 4l, 16s. Straw 

3/. 05. Clover 5/. 155. 

SMITHFIELD, Jan. 33. To sink the Offal— per stone of 8lb8. 

Lamb 05. Od, to 05. Od» 

Head of Cattle at Market Jan. 33 : 

Beasts 3,193 Calves 133 

Sheep ...u.. 15,950 Pigs 90 

COAL MARKET, Jan. 33, 835. Od. to 415. 6d. 

TALLOW, per Cwt. Town Tallow 485. Od. Yellow Russia 395. Od. 

SOAP, Yellow745. Mottled 835. Od. Curd 865. — CANDLES, 95. per Doz. Moukb 105. 6</. 



6d. to 55. 
5d. to 55. 
6d. to 6s, 
4d, to 6s. 










THE PRICES of Canal Shares, &c. in January 1836, at the Office of Mr. M. 
Rainv, Auctioneer, Canal and Dock Share, and Estate Broker, No. 3, Great Winchester- 
street, Old Broad-street, London. — ^Trent and Mersey Canal, 3,000Z. — Leeds and Liver- 
pool, 460/. — Grand Junction, 390/. — Birmingham, 330/. — Worcester and Birmingham, 
55/. — ^Ellesmere, 1 1 5/. — Stratford-upon-Avon, 40/. — Monmouthshire, 3 1 5/. — Breck- 
nock and Abergavenny, 170/. — Neath, 360/. — Shropshire, 150/. — ^Rochdale, 105/. — Old 
Unioa, 96/.— Laacaster, 43/.— .Regent's, 46/. — Wilts and Berks, 61, — West India Dock, 
300/.— London Dock, 87/. — Globe Insurance, 153/. — Imperial Fire, 105/. — Guardian, 
181. — ^AtUs, 8/. — Hope, 41. 155. — Eagle, 4/. — East London Water Works, 134/. — Grand 
Jimcdon, 80/.— West Middlesex, 7 3/.*- Westminster Gas, 57/.— New ditto^ 10/. paidf 

[ M- 3 


From Decmber 39, 18S5, la January Se, ISSS, both indusiae. 






in. pu 





i . 

ir., pis. 







99, eG;foggy 














./, 1 




















, Vl'.cUidj 





, 83 ctoady 









, 76,r.Lr 












From Dtcemttr 39, \Mb, ta January 37, IBM, hitJk imbunie. 











1 = 













■ dis.lprn 

Idu. pu 




eij t 



7 10 pm 


8ii « 




6 S p», 





16 17l«ii. 

3 6 pm 

. «,. 


8U s 


90i!98i i 



7 9 pm 

«M i 

'1* J 

9B 9i 




7 B-pm 




nellBU . 

80 ^ 




49 pm. 

i 4pn.. 

alGJHIJ 4 

BO 1 


98 7j 



6 S pm 

S ipn.. 




97 ^ 



*oi * 

79j BO 

97 B^ 





9« ( 

i di..p« 



« KJ 






9b i 


par 9pm. 


90i liSOi j 




6 Ipm. 


3ii lisol 1 







Ida. p« 




80) 1 




97 i 


9 6 pm. 

p« Idi.. 

1 pm. p.f 

, BlCHABOSON,OOODLUCK,udCo.lOi,OinciofB«Dk-faiul<liigi,C«rnlu)L 



I in Itth 

On SbUiitin] Inq 

ChnnuAoKJ of ihe AHjrlan Emui 

On tii« RighU of Church Benefia 

On the Phcenomtn. of Ssl(-de- 

St. KuthM^me'i Church, near (he To«r . .„: 
ChtncUi o( the lue Rev. Thonn Cul}un : 

1y orSiydge) Lordi Chudoi.... I 

Rojtl Deicent of ihc M|in)^uii of Hud 

ofBiihop' _ 

On the Cniaige of the But Aof;lM 114 

Od Innmsiioni in tlie Ldbcnl Sciescet 1 18 

Altentioni in the Scriptiira deprHnUd . ...190 

Origin nf the Office of P*ri>h Clerk 131 

Almuokcjc printed iu 156S deMsribed 19a 

On the Knins of fonthill Ablie; liS 

in St. Stenhea'i Chapel, Wettin'—ii. 
f lJ.e Fariih of Withkl, Coni-iil li4 

Ivantageaof lltui Riiuli 13V 

of the term " Genliainsn" isa 

Extncti fmn) the Ciiv uf London Recordi 1!9 
Aratf ud Pedigrw of the £>r1 of WUohire 130 
EiiracU from the JdurnnI of A.Du]iel...,_13l 
Am* ud Motto of dig Countj of Kent . ...133 

Account rj 

Od StoDchenfie; IM. — On I JdlB, *. 7....U 
King CUrlM'a Emu* iTom VfaniM tr II 

ntUitn sf ffttm VublliaNtiW, 
FoUhde'lTndiUoiu, IST.-Tonriu'tOraiq'-l' 
Im proTtmU in Londnn, I ll.-Soibara'AlbDmli 
DeStiel'iLetc«n,l44.-Bp.o(Cllaaa*>StnDan t' 

Addie» on proptgUii^ th« Goipal .'..,.14 

Kendall <m Ireiiud, ISl.— IUimaDN!^...ll 

Defence dea Rcsnm^ Hiatoriquea .IJ 

Brit ill] EatoDol^, IGS. — PhantununnaK 
Kitchineron tho^ei, IGS. QeiKraphicdTminJ 
Boyd-i Poemi— -iWiit on War— EB^iali in 
Ital; — GnA E^gna» — jBDiu,&&...ie6-l( 
LiTERanvlNTELUo iHCt — New PublioatioBal ( 
ANTlfiUJIIliaH RuuscHii 1( 


^iAanc«l 4rtn:anictt. 

FrnceeilJDgi in preient Shiwd of ParlluMnl 1 ( 
Foreign Newt, 178.— DomBilicOccurr«dOMlJ 
Promotiona, &c. ITS— BittbiudManrianall 
OaiTUARVi xitliMemoinoftbeEulof Ad- 
nealovi Lord Ptnti Sir D. DondHi V[. 
NonheT, Eia.; J. Adam, Eiq.t Admiral 
Munanura; Oen. Johnslooe; &c &a. ...n 
lill of MortalilT_Pricaa of Canal Sluna^.lG 

Meceorologleal Diary. — Prin 



Priotcd bj John Nic[ioi4«)dSoi(,Clci>o't Hiaq, ifi, Parliament Stm., ... 
whare all Lettan to (he Editor an re<|nnted to b« Hot, ten-ftm. 

[ 98 ] 


p^^*'"*?.'*""*^ f '!"*' ^™" ®"'f ^* '•">'*«»»»S to Stnmgert and" 

EOERTOK Brydom, clewAj explaiomg how h 1. . smiU ismo volSme, price 4,. Th» 

^^^ ^ rl^Mr* 'T "•?*""'§ »Jj* "^- •«•?«" I J»*'iev« U Mr. Thonus Wright, 

•cendanto of William Brownlow and Marga- of that town." 

ret Brydges, having Uk«i for granted for A. Z observes, « It is worth noting that 

forty years the descent as deduced in Lodge s when King George I. came over to takl pos- 

Irish Peerage Sir Egerton mention, as .e..ion of the British Crown, having proba- 

error, m the last edition of Debwtt, tUt Uy some of the Noblesse of his Electorate 

the arms of Lord GrenviUc stand as the Court In his train, it was suo-^rested b th 

*rms of Vi^ount Granville, and that the who were no friends to the Succession, thlt 

quartering of Clmton remams m the coat of »« were thenceforth to be govlrned by Ha- 

Fortescue. He concludes with this post- nover Ratz; or Counsels.~The illitemtc of 

■cnpt : ** I wally ask for mformation. and diffemnfi nmirc k»»:»» « i.» .u 

.hi be oblige! to Mr. To.n.end to i^orm ZZt^eoU^ha^^^l^e"^""'^' 

me how Lord F«rte.cue or Lord Pow,., or «,„^ ^ y^ ,^ ^^/ broTRTt; 

the fate Urd C.rh.le, «e or were de.cended «hich .« fi„t brought into Englwd .bout 

front the rrincess Mary Tudor? I am thoi- ♦•«««»»« tJt u« 

,w«. of the de.cent 7 their CoonfMe. L ^.IX^J ™L" 1:^^:''^' """ •"" 

^ ^i.* D • >* ■ '^ ***^ Ivojal suite J and it has ever since 
fromthuPrinceM. _...»»« e^led by people of that cIm,, th. 

L. «y. : " Allowm. to «quert, tkr^gh Hapover. thoj/h i. m reJity the Nor- 

your medium, that Sir Egerton Brydget way rat 

(who, I observe, U a liberal contributor to • ^\ pi„,«i ^^^ oerm. Counsel, a Couucil. 
your valuable Miscellany) will have the good- Couqactlur, ^. from Maten, to govern, preside, 
ness to state how he is entitled to bear, »<ivise, &c.— Vide German Glossaries, 
amongst hi. quarterings, ' the arms of an Clionas will feel obliged if any of our 
elder brother of Lord Byron's ancestor,' as Correspondents canjnform him of the ex- 
mentioned at p. 78 of his learned * Note* istcnce of any other copy of the Roll of 
lately publi&hed at Paris ? I would net Karlaverock than the one in MS. in the 
willingly 4i^inish the lustre of any noble Cottonian Collection ; the illustrated copy 
house, or depreciate the labours of so inge- in the College of Arms ; and the imperfect 
niou) a gentleman as Sir Egerton : but one printed in both editions of the Anti- 
when, ip his zeal for his friend Lord By- quarian Repertory, 
ron, he A Correspondent asks what were the 

'Allot, the prince of his celestial line Arms borne by the ancestors of Sir Thomas 
~Axr apotheosis and rites divine,' Hooke [mentioned in our August Magazine, 
and atserts, that his Lordship * was of one p. 98.} and also the Arms borne by Sir 
of those few &milies whose male ancestors Thomas Hooke, himself? and at what time 
held the rank of peerage before the close of tlie title became extinct? 
Henry the Third s reign,* I would humbly In the Review of'** the Works of Armi- 
ask how the correct re-editor of Collins, uius, in <i\xt last number, (p. 51.) a typo- 
who boasts of having * cast the truth and graphical omission has been pointed out to 
the interest of history on the peerage,' us, which most unjustly renders the doc- 
came to omit the Utile circumstance that trinal system of the Dutch Professor a very 
Lord Byron was descended from an iHegiii- uiicharitahle crndfahe one. It occurs in the 
mate son of Sir John Byron, the grantee of form of an extract from the Funeral Oration 
Nfhvstead priory in )541 ? The lands were by Bertius, in which, as it now stands, Ar- 
conveyed by deed from the putative fiither to minius is said to have taught the Divinity 
4ohn Byron, on whom Queen Elizabeth students at Ley deu, **7io^ ^Ao/reZigiont/'/ric/i 
conferred knighthood in 1579, and from breathes forth charity, which JoUows after 
whom Lord Byrun was lineally descended." the truth that it according to godlijiess" &c. 

In answer to the inquiry of a Corre- This error has arisen from the suppression 
spondent in p. 2, a Constant Reader oftwo lines ofthe paragraph in Mr. Nichols's 
states, ** that there is a small Uistonr of translation, in which we are told, that Ar- 
Ludlow extant, published in 1829, which ninius taught, **not that religion which is 
reflects great credit on its compiler, and de- contained in altercation and naked specula- 
serves to be much more generally known tions, and Is only calculated to feed their 
than it is. It is entitled, ** The History nnderstapdings ; hut that religion which 
and Antiquities of fhe Town of Ludlow, ai>d breathes firth charity, which follows ajier 
its ancient Caitle, •'with Lives of i^e Lords the truth," &c. 

Presidents ; Descriptive and Historical Ac- The Memoir of Dr. WoHa^n shall ap- 

oounts of Gentlemen's Seats, Villages, &c. pear in our next number, as slu41 the com- 

ia tlif Neighbourhood ; with other Piarticu- monicfition of G. W. L. 

■■ \, i 




FEBRUARY, 1826. 




THE natural history and topogra- 
phy of Ireland, before the reign 
of James the First, were but little 
known. — Ptolemy's Talblcs, artd Ma»- 
ginus*s Commentaries, threw little 
more light on this dark subject than 
the reveries of their predecessors S^ra- 
bo. Soli n us, and Mela ; who, accrbrdr 
ing to the learned and ingenious au- 
thor of the Irish Historical Library, 
had but some imperfect scraps of tales 
of the barbarous customs and mah- 
ners of the old Irish, brought to them 
from afar; and they di'ew up the re- 
presentation at full length, in a niore 
repulsive dress than they had receivoil 
it.— ^Giraldiis Cambrensis, indeed, 

to its subsequent iiiiprovemeut: Vfiii 
among these ehauirei-s, were £diaiui|4 
Spenser and Mr. James Usher, tt* 
former chief secretary to ' A rth ur tjati 
Grey of Wilton, Lord-Depuiy of Ira- 
land, and the latter afterwards Arefak 
bishop of Arninagh, a poet and divtinie 
whose names will descend to ppstcirity 
as bright and shining oroaaients oftlie 
Irish Dation> ^ ' . .. 

Spenser published his ' Fiet^ qfjrf*' 
land,'' in a dialogue between Hudoi|[vt 
and Irenaeus, in iCkiO ^ a ncl dedicated U 
to King James the First, 0*FlaT]«rty» 
author of the work called •• Og^gin*' 
(par. 3. cap. 770*- occupied a cppai^ 
derable part of that work in refuting 

who was sent into this island by King the errors of. Spenser; and, after sooie 
Henry the Second, in attendance of viruleat reflections on the poet's pre* » 

his son John, collected materials for 
his Topography and Itinerary of Ire- 
land, which he sometimes called ' De 
Mirahilihus Hibemice.* This wdrk was 
originally written in Latin ; and the 
author of it tells us, in the catalogue 
of his works, Uhat it was read out at 
Oxford for three whole days, in pub- 
Fic assembly of the Clergy.*— It was 
translated into English by one James 
Walsh,an Irishfnan, (Vid.Alhen.Oxon, 
torn. L col. 157) who studied in Hart- 
Hall at Oxford, in the year 1672; 
about which time another translation 
was made of it by R. Hooker. In the 
Irish Historical Library, we also learn, 
that a very learned person, Mr. John 
Lynch, titular Archdeacon of Tuain, 
wrote a refutation of this work, which 
he published under the title of Cam- 
brensis Eversus, in which he accuses 
the author of maliciously destroying 
many of the old Irish anuals, of which 
he had the perusal. Towards the end 
of Queen Elizabeth's reign, land on the 
accession of King James the First, 
some very diligent inquiries were made 
into the state of Irelatid, with a view 

sumption in attempting to trace the 
origin of some olcl Irish families in 
England and Wales, concludes with 
the following exclamation^. 

'* Ed poetse indomesticis peritiiin ! . • 
En politici In historiis pneritisin ! 
Ut cum Cicerooe ad pueros relegsA 
Anteactls gentis sdae temppribiis 
Adeo pecegrintim." 

Father Walsh inakes this obsenraf 
tion on Spenser's View of Irelandi 
'He pursues in this work his politi- 
cal main design, which was to pfe^ 
scribe ways and means to reduce Ire^ 
latid; a design well becoming him. as 
Secretary to Queen Elizabeth's de* 
puty. In thi^ w6rk none could 8ttr^ 

f>ass him ; none could except againit 
lim, save only those who would not 
be reduced.' So jealous have been 
the Irish people of all enquiries into 
their condition — so hostile to evenr at^* 
tempt to improve it — that they ha^ 
uniformly opposed all the eiTorts which 
have been made in this way; and ner 
ver failed to misinterpret tne motiyeai 
and condemn the opinions, ofthoiN 
wise and benevolent persons, whether 



On Stdiistkal Inquirii$ in Ireland. 


Englishmen of natives of their own 
toilj who have endeavoured to point 
ou^ their errors, and lead them into a 
state of civilization, industry, and 
wealth. One of the fathers of this old 
school was Con Baccagh O'Neil, who 
(as we are told by Speed,) ' cursed all 
his posterity that would learn the Eng- 
lish language, sow wheat, or build 
stonewall houses.* 

In this spirit, Richard Stanihurst, 
who was tlie uncle of the celebrated 
Archbishop Usher, and son of the 
Speaker ot the Irish House of Com- 
mons, had lapsed into the popular re- 
ligion and party of the country ; and 
attached to the work of Cambrensis, 

This description of Ireland consists 
of forty-four folio pages ; the matter 
being arranged under the following 
heads, viz. British Ocean. — Ireland. — 
Government. — Division. 

Provinces. — Mononia. — Desmonia. 
— Lagenia. — Conacia. — Ultonia. 
Ancient and Modern Customs. 
We have here all the ancient names 
of places and people which occur iu 
Ptolemy, and other ancient geogra- 
phers explained to us, as the author of 
the Irish Historical Library observes, 
with a masterly judgment ; the mo- 
dern state of the five pt-ovinces (Meath 
being reckoned one) drawn in lively 
colours, though in miniature; the most 

is an Appendix to his four books of ancient customs of the country, as re- 

Irish history, which has been called 
Cambrensis Vapuians, as Lynchers 
book had been called ' Cambrensis 
Eversus* He published this work 
with severe notes annexed to it. Bi- 
shop Nicolson says that it must be 
confessed, th^, with some exceptions, 
Stanihurst has left us valuable docu- 
ments concerning the manners and 
language of the inhabitants of Ireland, 

presented byStraboand'Solinus; those 
of the middle age; as represented byGi- 
raldus Cambrensis ; and of Camden's 
own time, as brousht in to him by his 
contemporaries. In this last particu- 
lar, he acknowledges his obligations to 
John Good, a Roman Catholic Priest, 
who, after receiving his education in 
Oxford, taught a school at Limerick 
in the year 1566, whose contribution. 

the strength and traffic of their chief like that of Archbishop Usher, he 
cities, the anti()uity and achievements transcribed verbatim into his work, 
of their nobility, &c. One of the The whole of this performance, how- 
controversies of Stanihurst with Cam- ever, is reflected on by O'Flaherty in 
brensis, was on~ the question of the his " Ojygia,'* who makes this bitter 
nature of the barnacle, whether it be * 
fish or flesh. He concludes it to be 
neither, but of the same tribe of ani- 
mals witli butterflies and caterpillars. 

In the year 1606, Mr. Camden being 
about to publish a new edition of his 
Britannia, requested Mr. Jas. Usher 
(afterwards Lord Primate of Ireland) 

observation on it : 

** Perlustras Anglos oculis, Camdene, duobot, 
Uno ocolo Scotos, Cascus Hibemigeoas." 

The author of this epigram, however, 
follows Camden, in givine his native 
country Plutarch's name of Ogygia, in 
opposition to the Swedish antiquary. 

to furnish him with a description of J. Peringskiold (Annot. in vit.Tneod. 
the City of Dublin, which in these R. p. 311, 312) who had undertaken 
times would have been called a Sta- to demonstrate that Sweden is the true 
tistical Survey of it. Mr. Usher com- Ogygia. 

plied with ibis request ; and his com- Mr. O'Flaherty pretends to ascertain 
mnnication was inserted verbatim in the age of all the chief lakes and rivers, 
Camden's work, with a just acknow- 
ledgment of the benefaction. Thus 
do we find, that one of the earliest 
publications of this eminent divine, 
was an eflfort to throw light on the 
history of his native country. 

In subsequent edition^ of Camden's 
work, published in the year 1695 and, tfieir use of Coraghs or leathern boats, 
1791, we find, in the form of an Ap- their ancient arms and way of fight- 

as well as the succession of Kings in 
Ireland — and points oat the several re- 
mains of the Damnani, Belgse, Picts, 
&c. — the idolatry of the Gentile na- 
tives in their worshipof KermandKel- 
stach at Clogher, (Jromderibb— ^heir 
opinions on the Sedhe or Fairi< 

pendix, an interesting Topographical 
description of Ireland, especially in 
the last of these editions, which is en- 
riched by the notes of Sir Richard 
Cok, author of the *' Hibernia Angli- 



^. This work was published in 4to, 
London, in l6S5 — and has been no- 
ticed here, contrary to Chronological 
order, on account of the observations 
on Camden*s work, to bo found in it. 
When the first edition of Camden's 


On ikKMkMl JiifttJriH in Ir^UmA. 


work appaircd. IreUnd wm io a 
wretched iUte indeed— iMrawe^ by re- 
belliont. Agriculture wat at the very 
lowest ebb ; and the miterable popu- 
lation tobtitted chieBy on animal lood 
and milk. The country abounded in 
woodt, lakety and nuirmet* which ren- 
dered it peculiarly unwholesome to 
Enslish toldien and tettlen. And 
Mien was the obstinacy of the Irish, 
that in the last ten years of Queen 
Elizabeth's rei^, the reduction of 
this island is said to have cost the Bri- 
tish nation near three millions and a 
half; an enormous snm of^ money, 
when it is taken into consideration 
that in those days the ordinary reve- 
nue of the English crown fell snort of 
half a million yearly. 

On the accession of Kin; James the 
First, great attention was paid by the 
English government to the ameliora- 
lion of the condition of the Irish peo- 
ple* Instructed by the compilations 
of Spenser and Camden, and the few 
other writers who called the atten- 
tion of the Brit'ish public to a consi- 
deration of the existing sute of this 
country, with a view to itt future tin- 
provement. Sir George Carew and Sir 
Arthur Chichester luA appointed She- 
rift to the several counties; and iti- 
nerant Judges, performing their cir- 
cuits with regularity, administered 
strict and impartial justice to all de- 
scriptions of people in the country. 
We are informed, however, by Mr. 
Gordon, the Rector of Killegny, in 
his *' History of Ireland," that these 
wise and benevolent measures were 
nearly frustrated by the restless spi- 
rit of the Romish Clergy, who ' ar- 
raigned the civil administration, re- 
viewed causes determined in the 
King's Courts, and commanded the 
people, under the pain of eternal per- 
dition, to obey the decisions of their 
spiritual courts, and not those of the 
civil law.' Spenser tells us, in his 
View of Ireland, p. 76 — that Sir John 
Perrot had, in his government, in vain 
endeavoured to sufklue this spirit in 
the Irish, not only by mildness and 
concession, but even by treading down 
and disgracing all the English, and set- 
ting up the Irish all that he could — 
thereby thinking to make them more 

In the year 16O8, the rebellion of 
CDoherty threw the barony of Ennis- 
o«<ren, in the county of Donegal, into 
the hands of King James tlie First, 

tnd by the conapiiaein and rebellions 
in the latter end of his. predeoessoi^s 
'ftign, and the commencement of his 
own, tracts of land, oontaioing about 
fives hundred tboosand Irish acres, 
were forfeited to the crown, in the 
woL northern counties of Cavan, Fer- 
managh, Tyrone, Deny, Armagh, and 

Instructed by the errors of former 
colonisers, tad advised by men of in- 
tegrity and judgment, the King pro- 
ceeded in a scheme of plantation, 
which happily for Ireland was his fa- 
vourite object— in which he proceed- 
ed with such caution and activity, that 
though failures and mistakes occuned 
in many instances, (particularly in the 
lands granted to the London Compa- 
nies,) the effects of it on the prospe- 
rity of Ulster have been great and per- 

Seldom had such an opportunity of 
coloniaiuff any country occurred, as 
that which this Monarch seemed so 
capable of managing with the happiest 
efiects.— -The lands at his dispbsu on 
this occasion were not oonnned to 
Ubter — sixty thousand acres bad also 
been forfeited to the Crown, between 
the rivers Ovoca and Slaney, of which 
sixteen thousand five hundred were 
destined for an English colony, and 
the rest for the natives, on the same 
terms as such persons held their lands 
in Ulster. 

In like manner 385 thousand acres 
in the King's and Queen's Counties, 
Leitrim, Longford, and Westmeath, 
were allotted for distribution. This 
golden opportunity of introducing agri- 
culture, trade, religion, and industry 
into this island, was embraced witn 
avidity by James, who, notwithstand- 
ing his errors and faults, possessed 
more sagacity than Historians are wil- 
ling to ^rant him, and whose plans of 
colonizing and civilizing Ireland at 
this time, were rendered abortive only 
by the weakness and misfortunes of 
his unhappy successor. 

(To be continued*) 

Mr. Ukban, Feb. 10. 

A S I have proposed to myself the 
1\. study of Chronology, as an obi- 
ject of very great importance, I spare 
no pains to render myself master or the 
science. With this view, I have dili- 
gently perused your remarks on Cu- 
vier's Historical Argument in your last 
Number ; and hope that the following 

'IQ2 Chronolbgf of the jUsjfriem and LydUtn Empires. [Feb. 

obtervadoiu ma^ ooc be vnaloceptabk frcmi Egypt into Asia, and establishecl 

to yoo. ' himself at fiabylon; that bis son Ni- 

I am particularly struck with the nus founded another city which he 

Synchromsm betwceo the founders of called after himself; and having con- 

the Lydian; and Assyrian monarchies, siderably enlarged his father's domi- 

according to the Father of history. It nions, divided them (as the custom 

is clear that Dejoces and Gyges were then was) amongst his children ; to 

conteipoMDraries; the fornner established one of whom, r.e. Agron, he allotted 

the Meaian monarchy; the latter over* the province of Lydia. 

threw the Hcracleid family in Lvdia. According to some Chronologcrs, 

Herodotua tells us that when the Medes Gyges ascended the Throne of Lydia, 

revolted from, them, the Assyrian Em- B.C. 7 1 6, orrather, according to others, 

pire had subsisted 520 years (L. 95), 719. Reckon back from this last aera 

and (hat the dynasty of the Heraclidae 505 years, and we have the year 1224, 

had reigned in Lydia during 505 (ibid, the date of Agron's accession to the 

c. 7.) Throne. If we suppose that Ninus 

Nor is this all ;-*Agron, the first of his father was in the height of his 
the Heracleid family who reigned in glory 10 years before, the Assyrians 
Lydia, was ihesonofNinus, and grand- may be said to have begun their Em- 
•on of Belus<ibid). Now not only Dio- pire in the year 1234 B. C. 
dorus> Justin, and other writers of their But 520 years after that event, the 
class, but also the well-mformed^trabo, jyfedes revolted, i,e. 714 B.C. It is 
tell us. that Nineveh was built by one impossible to fix this epoch with accu- 
Ninu^.Herodotusalsomentionsagate racy, as it has given rise to innumer- 
of Babylon (lU. 155), called the Ni- Me controversies amongst the learned ; 
map gate. It is generally agreed that ^ut from the Apocryphal Book of To- 
tbia.Ninus was the son of Bdus. It is ^it, we learn that " When Enemessar 
oertain (Hercd. I. 181) that Belos waa (^^q i^ other parts of Scripture is call- 
worshipped at Babylon, ed Shalmaneser) was dead, Senacherib 

Again, Larcher ^lh us that this Be- ^ig ^^ reigned in his stead, whose es- 

loacome. originally from Egypt, and ^^^ ^j^, troubled so that I could not 

bis opimottin this case^seemsincontro- ^ jn^o Media." It is quite certain 

Tertible. Herodotus (I. 7.) represents j^^m the Scriptures that this Senache- 

this Belos. as the grandson of Hercu- ^j^ jij ^^^ y^- „ jq ^„ ^^ most (I 

lea, who,. according to Sir Isaac New- , ^j^ ^^^^ memory)^ and that he was 

ton, was the same as Scsostns, or Sesac n,urdered 71 1 B.C.— Media probably 

J?5 .7^^^ ^. . revolted during his unsuccesslul ex pe* 

Svncellus (m Chronograph, p. 133, jitions against Egypt and Jud«a, as 

ed. Ven.) quotes Cephalion a» saying from the warlikelharacter of the next 

that Cteaiua mentions the names of King of Assyria, i. e. Asserhaddon, it 

about 33 Assyrian monarchs ; rtf? it ]^ morally ceruin that the revolt did 

0a<n\ui TWff it, tt7mlifi<Tai,Pov\trouj not take place in his reign, and from 

Ktna-i^i limif t xiytov iiofxetra avriv xai the length of it, it is certain it must 

oT/xo* xal y. — Herodotus (1. 7.) says have occurred before his death, 

that the family of the Heracleids reign- I f therefore Herodotus's numbers are 

ed in Ljdia during 22 generations ^. correct (I. cap. 7. 95) we may reason- 

Curtius says that many believed that ably conclude that Ninus began his 

Babylon baa been founded by Belus, reign, and founded Nineveh about 1255 

though others ascribed that action to B.C. ; that Belus laid the Jbundaiions 

Semiramis. qf Babylon about 1280, and that his 

From all these circumstances, I con- grandfather, the Egyptian Hercules, 

elude it certain that Belus led a colony died about 1325 BXJ. — It remains to 

* It mnetoot, however, be forgotten, that the dnration ascribed to the Atsjriaii mo- 
narchy by different authors, varies amazingly. Dtodurus in three passages (Lib. 8. c. 9 1 . 
<3. 9a) reckons 80 nonarcbs. Velleius Sd. Synoellns (P. 133. Ed. \^et* 1799) 41. 

Diodorus».Juiitin, and Syncellus (P. 986) following the authority of Ctesias, say that 
tbiaSxApire: lasted jlSOO, or 1360 years. Patercwlos says 1070. Syncellus (P. 189) 1460. 
Cephalion about 1000 (io the passage above-mentioned). We cannot, thcreibfe, bat re* 
gret that Herodotus's History of Assyria, which he mentions in his first Book, Cliap. 106» 

has not been preserved. 

^^nqulied yrho that Seqpixamts was,. tk^JMit mp^^.-of MM^m; lht:fi^l(lt 

^ .whom #0 iaw ^W^rlOtt8 aptioM or Church Prefenpe^t. J Bhall««iflk 

ijinre hepjo ascribed. 'I will not pre- (UjdLy preiace ipy fenarka with?tifia||. 

some io denj.that there^were mofe. that I aiiiJatevefted»"ia»d<iVieiy «iato-- 

than one of this oame, iiat (doiv>^ think .. ri|Jjy ao» ia the diieiiwion : add there-- 

it pliolial>le.; and am perBuadea that, fore any remarks of mine aftuat naMK 

the works ascribed to ner, were .per- rally be.ihQught! to be, as they- !»•»' 

formed by several jMrioces of the same doiiblfdly ^n^ . . iqAuenoed by . .private- 

luie^ but not all t>y the same. The. views^. jL am ft fierson of slender jwi-' 

Seiniraniis meotiooed by. Herodotus vate fo^une» and: inenmbeat of a bir* 

(L 184) Bs having lived about five. ing» which lu^ suffered ami ia unpo^- 

C aerations before the mother of, vertsbed» to..a great dc^^ree^- ffom the 

bynetus, or Belshazzar, (who was causes sp tfi^ly and. jiisuy r^resealfd' 

^ overthrown 5Q5 B.C.) and as having by Vcrax, from the nonnreaideDce^' 

adorned Babylon, is in my opinion the distresses* and ■ negligence of. my- pre-' 

dnly princess of that name who ever, decessors. And .-at present I oannoi 

reigned there, and she probably lived, see . an^^ probability of its prospects 

about 713 B.C. according to Bryant, brightening. I bate taken the opi- 

Hence arose the tradition or story that niod of* able tithe-Iawyen on Itie- 

ihe was the founder of the City. case* .who. -whilst rth^ assure me' ttelt 

I cannot entirely approve of Sir my.causie isj^^ my ri^^ clearly imi 

Isaac Newton's opinions respecting the satisfactorily, made out*, yet disailade 

antiquity of the. Assyrian Empire. Ba« me from seeking ledreH by klw^ 'oa- 

, hylon muat have been tlie work of account of its 4ncalc«lable expenses,* 

many years, if the descriptions the an* the uoceirtainty. of .the tssoe, tne di»» 

cients give of it are authentic. The lays whicb may:be. Axiended beyond- 

lame remark applies to Nineveh. No my li(e» the .io^itable vexations and« 

doubt Pul* whom he places about 790 trouble of all lui^lioa, and the life 

B.C. was the first mighty coiKjueror of interest alone which I have in the he* 

that nation, yet. his family may have nefice. I believe lam well warmOMKl 

been reigning (here for many genera- in saying that the pvobable expenses of 

tions preceding. I am inclined to be- a suit in my case*, which is that of te^ 

lieve that the practice which prevailed veraiyana ^todtifes, supposing it to have 

in the middle ages, of the father's di- two or more hearini^y and afterwaAb* 

riding his {latrimpny amongst all his to. be. removed to the House of Lards* 

children, was not unknown in those would be to a greater amount than the 

early ages, and that Ninus may have value of the advowson ! I must add,- 

been a very powerful monarch in 1250 that I am not much encouraged to the 

B.C., and yet his successors have be- attempt by reading lately a tithe-caose- 

come very contemptible by this prac- tried before Mr. Justice Burroueh, 

tice. Those who are acquainted with wherein he declared the verdict, which 

the history of the middle ages, cannot was- given against the Clergyman, to 

be ignorant of the weakness of those be contrary to all evidence, andrecpm- 

ties, which connected the nobles with mended from the Bench a naotion for 

the Sovereign ; the very great autho- a new trial. Such a report, in addi* 

rity these nobles possessed, and the lit- tioii to others which my legal advisers 

tie deference they paid to their supe- have cited in order to dissuade me, 

riors. May not this practice have pre- methinks somewhat resembles one of 

Tailed in the earlj ages of the. world? ^ob*s. comforters. In the decline fiC 

aod how otherwise can we account for ufe, a litigation of so forlorn an aspect, 

the infinite number of petty principa- whatever be its real merits is such 

lilies, each governed by its own prince,, surely as every one in his sober sensea 

dignified by the title of Kin^, men- would shun like fire and sword. Se- 

tioned in every age of die Jewish His- veral of my antagonists have avowed 

lory? A.Z. that their nopes are founded entirely 

^ 9n what may oe styled superior weighi 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 4, qf metal, or in otiier words, my ina« 

THE beneficed Clergy at large are bility to contend with them in ex*. 

much Tudebted to your Corre-. pense ; and have used repeated threata 

spoodents Vbrax, Pacificus, aiid to this eifect. . « They shake their 

Aificus, for their letters respectii)^ poiies saying," 9sc. 


-C^urc/i Benefice$.^Sak''De». 


When I add that my hest wishes 
attend whatever measures may be 
adopted toward the end in view, lam 
not without the hope that ray lan- 
goage, thougli professedly interested, 
will not be deemed wholly sel6sh. 
The consequences, if they should ope- 
rate to my advantage, will extend be- 
yond my case to others, who, if not 
greater suflerers from this species of op- 
pression, feel it more severely, and of 
course stand in greater need of relief 
from it: as must evidently be the case 
where there are more numerous mem- 
bers of an household to participate in 
its good or ill fortune. Clericus. 

Mr. Urban, Feb, 11. 

BEING situated on the eastern coast 
ofSuflFoIk, it has frequently fal- 
len in my way to observe a phenome- 
non, which 1 have never yet seen no- 
ticed in print. This is a deposit of a 
salt-dew on the trees and hedges dur- 
ing the winter months. The occasion 
of my first observing it was as follows. 
About 25 years ago, 1 walked out with 
my gun in a very severe wind frost in 
the latter end of November. The wind 
was at East, and very high, and the 
cold so intense, that the muscles of the 
face and throat became rigid, and I was 
obliged to tie a silk handkerchief round 
my neck to enable me to face the wind. 
I had walked about a mile, when I 
shot a partridge, which fell over a hedge 
in the next neld, and I sent my ser- 
vant to fetch it. Whilst he was gone, 
I turned my back to the wind to load 
my gun ; and whilst I was doing it, I 
happened to look down the mnd, and 
saw, to my great surprize, that the 
bushes in the hed^ appeared loei, and 
stood a-drop. This unexpected appear- 
ance in so snarpa frost^induced me to go 
to the hedge, and examine if the drops, 
which hung on every spray, were really 
liquid ; and, when I found they were, 
I was led to taste them. To my still 
greater surprise, 1 found the liquid ex- 
tremely salt , much more so than sea- 
water; and, I should think, as salt as 
any brine could be made by art. I 
mude my servant taste it also; and 
then, not being able to bear the cold, 
returned home. In my way home, I 
observed the trees and bushes quite wet 
on the side that was exposed to the 
wind, but perfectly dry on the other. 
When I got to my own house, I col- 

lected from the trees and ahrubs In the 
garden a table-spoonful of this brine, 
which all my family tasted also. From 
that time to the present, I have fre- 
quently observed the same phenome- 
non> and have pointed it out to many 
of my friends; and in particular, at the 
beginning of the late frost, as I was 
walking with a gentleman, to whom I 
I had often mentioned the circum- 
stance, but who was rather sceptical 
on the subject, I had the satisfaction 
of shewing it to him, and of convinc- 
ing him completely : and, as he is a 
frequent contnbutor to your columns, 
he persuaded me to draw up an account 
of tne matter, and to transmit it to you. 
Wuh regard to the cause of this phe- 
nomenon, I will now mention what 
appears to me to be the most probable 
way of accounting for it. But in the 
first place I must observe, that 1 never 
noticed it, except when the wind was 
strong at E. or N. E. and generally (I 
think always) when the air was frosty. 
My solution of the question is, that it 
is'tne spray of the sea (which always runs 
high on this coast with a strong wind 
at E. or N.E.) taken up by the wind, 
and deposited by it in us progress on 
the windwardude of the object it meets 
with. To account for its extreme salt- 
ness, I suppose that a good deal of the 
aqueous part of the sea water is ex- 
haled by the dryness of the wind. The 
Erincipal objection that I see to this 
ypothesis is, the distance to which 
the spray is supposed to be carried, 
which is certainly little less than 12 
miles in a straight line. Yet I know 
not in what other way to accouht for 
it. That it cannot be a fog from the 
sea is ei'ident, because fogs from the 
sea are always fresh ; and because this 
salt dew never appears but when the 
air is clear ; and then only on the wind^ 
ward side of objects. — Why it should 
generally be seen in frosty weather I 
cannot tell; perhaps it may occur at 
other times, but b not so much no- 
ticed as in frost, when every thing is 
dry. Be this as it may, I am con- 
vinced that it is sometimes very be- 
neficial in its effects, by preserving 
vegetables from injury by frost. I par- 
ticularly noticed a field of turnips some 
years aso, which was thoroughly wet- 
ted with this salt dew at the beginning 
of as severe a frost as I remember, and 
which were little, if at all, injured by 











k ~ 




leZCJ] St. KatharMs Church near the Tower. 106 

ST. KATHARINE*S CHURCH. Exeter are at last to find a resting 

WITH A VIEW. place, at least if this " magnificent 

Mr. Urban, Feh, 6. edifice" is ever built, a point upon 

THE ill-fated St.Katharine*8 Church which I am rather sceptical, 
has, since my last communica- It is a consolatory thought to reflect 
tion» been brought to the hammer, on one*s bones being knocked aboql 
Thus has perished one of the few^pc- by rnde mechanic hands, some two or 
cimeoa of Pointed Architeeture iu tfaic three hundred years after they have 
Metropolis. . -^ ■ "• ^ ^quietly been laid in "consecrated? 
The "a^rocioua design/* as it was earth; an humble individual perhaps 
justly stykd in a morninig paper, of may be greatly the gainer by the cii- 
destroying St. Mary Overy's Church, cumstance. Who know?, ifsncbez- 
has fallen to the ground for the present, amples as this were to be followed. 
The Temple fs now' under the hands what vile mechanic relics may be the 
of ithe *' restefer,'' and like Westmin- habitants of the tombs of toyalty or 
8ter Hall, will soon display all the nobility, while the real possessor is, in 
richness of tnodfm Gothic, How the jumble, kicked out, and his skull 
paiYiful is it^ in a short paragraph, to shewn for a penny by a labouring ear- 
enumerate so many structure which penter or mason. A fas I some plebeian 
are either sufifering under ibe hand of iMnles may now fill up the. chest which 
the innovator, or are doomed to total it is^ said contains the relics of the 
destruction by the fiat of some inte- Duke and Duchess of Exeter. What 
rested individuals. The b^iuifol h^aristocracycometo? The sumptuous 
pointed style, which is worthy to hold moniiment will perhaps be made to 
an eqwtl rank with the purest Grecian cover the remains of some cobler or 
works, will 5oon, I fear, i>e banished .sailor, or other equally hnmble iuha- 
frojn th6 Metropolis, and a spurious bitantofthe precinct ot Si. Katharine's, 
imitation supply its place, of a charac- To give a description of this Church 
tet with some -specimens of architec- would oe only to repeat what has been 
tuTe mis^called *' Grecian," which, before said in your pages. Taken in 
in defiance of all the advantages lately .the whole, when the stalls remained 
derived to science, are sufiered tod^- .in their places, and the edifice was 
grade the very centre of the metropolis, perfect, it contained much to interest 
At St. Katharine's, the hancfs of -the Architect, much to gratify the An- 
successive innovators, before the Chap- tiquary. To those who recollect the 
ter disposed of the Church, had con- remains of the rood loft gallery, and 
(rived to give a new face to the struc- the vestiges of fine carved work which 
ture. The mouldingSt which the coat- remained there, and whose pleasure 
ing of plaster applied to the interior was only alloyed by the consideration 
had not concealed, were altered in of the disgraceful state in which th^ 
their forms by the hands of the clever interesting collection of antiquities in 
Architects who have at various times the chancel were kept by those whose 
defaced the Church. Thus where a d»ity it was to have preserved them 
hollow wa^ found in the original work, better, to such the loss is severely felt, 
a torus has been stuck on by way of No modern building (if ever erected) 
improvement in the modern. The can compensate for the destruction. 
<lesign of the new capitals applied to By the removal of the wainscotting, 
many upright toruses was taken from three doorways have been brought to 
an oki geoUeman*s walking-stick, and light, two at the westeru ends of the 
many small pinnacles were introduced ailes, the third beneath the second 
of a design exceedingly novel, it is window from the west, on the north 
greatly to be lamented I have it not in side of the Church. In the latter the 
my power to hand down to posterity interior spandrils are enriched with 
the name of the designer j at least it is shields ; on the left hand the shield 
to be hoped the Chapter possess the has a mutilated inscription, which 
working drawings from which these form the remaining letters, and the 
repairs were executed ; such examples lilly beneath, 1 read jRlSaria. The 
ot genius may be exceedingly service- shield on the risht has jj^c. These 
able to them in the construction of particulars are well preserved. At pre- 
the '^splendid Gothic Church*' in sent there does not appear any carving 
which the old bones of the Duke of attached to either of the western doors. 
Gent. Mag. February, 1826*. As the back of the old altar screen 



Character of the late Rev. Thomas Carlyon. 


it a range of uprights nvhich arc sub- 
stantial canopies, in the style of the 
Westminster ahar screen. The lower 
range of mullions of the side windows 
in the chancel, just shew the rase Ives 
through the broken brick-work, and it 
is probable one at least of these win- 
dows may be made out before the final 
destniction. They appear to have been 
very splendid, and were most injudi- 
ciously closed up at an earl^r repair. 

As the Church is accessible to the 
publick during the demolition, few of 
your antiouarian friends will suffer 
that perioa to pass without a visitr« to 
the building, and no opportunity will 
be avoided of bringing to light any 
hidden object of veneration. The 
stone coffins of some of the early mem- 
bers of the fraternity will, I have little 
doubt, form some curious subjects of 
investigation at a future period. 
Yours, &c. E. I. C. 

-KM rr ^ Newlyn Ficarage, 

Mr.URBAK, near Truro, Fee. U 

I HAVE no doubt that you will be 
furnished, foryour Obituary, from 
several of your Correspondents, with 
the intelligence of the death of the 
Rev. Thomas Carlyon, Rector of St. 
Mary's, Truro, Vicar of Probns. But, 
though I can say little more than others 
who may address you, it would gratify 
my feelings to be permitted to devote 
to your pages, in the form of a letter, a 
tribute of kind remembrance and re- 
gret ; which, however unavailing, is 
justly due to unpretending worth — to 
Yirtoes unambitious of applause, yet 
alwajTS deserving it. 

From my intimateacquaintance with 
the deceased, I am certainly well qua- 
lified to delineate his character : and I 
have no suspicion that the partiality of 
friendship will colour the portrait too 
Tividly, when I consider with what 
•orrow and apprehension the town and 
neighbourhood of his residence, sus- 
pending public amusements and even 
private parties, have awaited, for the 
last fortnight, the aweful Agnal that 

8ut a period to all hope — when I re- 
ect on the gloom that saddened every 
countenance in the crowded congre^- 
tions of St. Mary's, as if doubtful how 
to bear a stroke of Providence which 
should deprive them of their spiritual 
Pastor, who had so long watched over 
them, and loved them, hot whose face 
they should see no more ! 
Perhaps, there never lived a man 

mora esteemed and beloved in the 
circle^ wherein he was called to move. 
As a representative of an ancient fa- 
mily, as supported by relations of un- 
blemished cnaracter, and as connected 
with several houses in Cornwall of the 
first respectability, he found the way 
to honour ^'prepared and made ready. ' 
And, notwithstanding the prevaihng^ 
opinion, quee nonjeamus, &c. this is 
a sort of inheritance of incalculable 
advantage to those who do not discredit 
or despise it. 

Independent, however, of extraneous 
assistance, Mr. Carlyon was able to 
command respect and conciliate esteem. 
And feeble, mdeed, were any language 
I could use in expressing my senti- 
ments — whilst 1 contemplate that 
soundness of intellect, and that inte- 
grity, that godly sincerity, that steadi- 
ness yet unoffending gentleness, which 
I have ever viewed with pleasure in 
my departed friend. 

In illustrating these several talents 
and good qualities, I would first ob- 
serve, that from the days of his early 
youth to the close of his earthly ex- 
istence, he discovered " a right under- 
standing in all things." And, whether 
we advert to his academical acquire- 
ments and honours, or to his conduct 
in after-life, in the transactions of 
daily occurrence, we may recognize a 
clearness of conception, a judiciousness 
in decision, a discretion and a candour 
which were evidently the results of 
natural good talent improved by liberal 

As a Clergyman, he was every way 
exemplary. From a conviction of the 
truth of those momentous doctrines 
which he professed to believe, and 
from a sense of the high responsibility 
of his sacred office, he discharged his 
ministerial duties with uniform regu- 
larity. And we might ever perceive 
in him a cordial regard for the welfare 
of his flock, and a fidelity almost un- 
exampled ; whether his immediate ob- 
ject were to teach them, or to exhort 
them, or to «* stir up their pure minds 
by way of remembrance.*' As in every 
other instance, so in his preaching, his 
manner was plain and unaffected. It 
was a truly (Christian simplicity. He 
was preaching ** not himself, but Christ 
crucified." For he was not •* ashamed 
of that Gospel, which is able to make 
us wise unto salvation." I have men- 
tioned also, his " steadiness, yet un- 
offending gentleness/' And these were 


ijittiiigiiiihed traits ip hii chaniclcr. 
For, wtiiUi he ulways adhered to what 
hc,dmncd tiuht aiitfdecoToui, lie Cerer 
Kav« oflcncc by iiiiempcrance of zta!, 
by pauionaic opposition, or by imna- 
Ucnce of contradiction. Pencvenns 
in good work<, never " weaiy in vidi- 
duiiie," he ahewed (at Si- Paal ex- 
picui'S h) " all meekness lo all men.'' 
And ready as he was on ei-ery eraer- 
gCDCV to uerlGce all selfish considera- 
tjons' 10 the common Teelin^, his atten- 
tion la ihose charitable institutions 
Ithai ocnc wilbin his reach, tbongli 
•uSetcDlly regulated bj prudence, was 
ucited, we are well osuired, by the 
warmnl brncToIeace. 

ir we look, for a moment, to the 
ncrsses of liis private life, we m^y 
cni|uirr, with the full conftdcnce uf a 
latisracior; answer, who hulh heard of 

««ery «t of duty lo his vunerabte pa- 
Knit i when in declining years, the 
filmot slay, the sweetest consolation 
moM arise from filial aflecilon i They, 
of the old inhaliiunia of Truro who 
have K«u more llian a scneraiion pata 
■way, will inttanlljr acknowledge the 
Ituin of luy anettions — many with 
■yuipilliy froni similarity of circum- 
stancA^maajrwIlh gratitude from the 
feeling orhtsinfltience. Not will they 
hare Um delist in reflecting on the 
iu^DUoua brother^ the ancctionate 
hu^bund, the anxious father, the kind, 
cantiderale luaslerl In the [icrfotni- 
auce, in fad, ol* ibe reLtive duiicsai 
ptoiiiuletl by Nature, and saucliuned 
hy Chriuianily, all he did, was con- 
scifnlioutlydfme — allhedid, wasdoiie 
as if tpaniaucnusly. And, in the uicuu 
lime, hts habitual checrrulncss was a 
■unsliinc %o enlivening lo our spirits, 
that sensible of its source, how well 
inight wcHy lo Religion, "Thy «ays 
an ways of^plentantucis, aud all lliy 
luklhawc peace I" 

Such was ibe life of my lamented 
fneud 1 And perfectly conformable 
wilh llial life, wjs the rcsipnaiion of a 
irjni)iiil death. After a cmiliiieiiiciil 
in his bed for fourteen days, almost 
unjllended by sul?ering of any kind, 
he breathed his lail, this luoriiing: 
and hi) de>lh was without a pane! 
He died, indeed, " the death of ilie 
tiflhieoiu !" Nor lives there one, but 
mighi pray njlfa an implorius ^iKh, 
MM iviui eye* full of tears, and lificd 
up lomrd* heaven : " Oh ! inoy mv l.nsi 
cwl be like his!" This is a liasiy 

Famitg of Bry/lget, LorAt Chandut, iffj 

(Tusion. But who woidd doc escuM 
I, if witnessing in me that " Mf^" 

Yours, arc. R. Polwhili. 

Mr. Urban, Von. SO. 

IN October IStg (vol. Lxxsix. pt. i. 
p. 3^S), the atteution of yonr 
readers was called by " DunelmensisV 
to a point in the genealogy of the nobb 
family uf lliydges Batons Chaodos, 
apparently involved In Moie obscurity, 
andarisingoniofan aaaenton in the in- 
scription upon a slone (ia a Chapel of 
Winchester Cathedral), lo the memory 
of Mary wife of James Young, Esq. a 
gentleman nf the Privy Chamber ia 
the rci|tn of King Charle* the FJnt, 
and a Colonel in the service of that 
monarch*. Mrs. Young died In 1{>87, 
and is described in the inicription.aa 
" [laughter of W>" Bridget, the sodq 
of Thomas Bridges Baron Cluuidrii, 
of Sudley." In "May 1830 (vol. xc. 
pi. i. p. 41S), a comoiunication under 
ihe signature of " Tudor," preaented 
you with ihe copy of another iiucrip- 
tlon upon a mnnument erected in 
the Church of Huwley near Win- 
chester, to the memory of Sir Cbariet 
Wyndham and Uanie James his wife, 
who is therein described as daiighler 
of " Major Generul James YouBgr 
and granddau^hii-r lo my Lord Chan- 
das ;'■ and in Turiher evidence of 
the c 

I hat I 


Charles and Lady 
Wyndhdm had a son culled Brydgn 
Wyndham. bapiiied at Huraley, May 
8, (679, antf btiricd there May I?, 
lliRg. In July \9.-2i>, it was slated by 
a.CorrcJiioiideiU (vol- sc. pt. ii, p. S) 
thai Mrs. Fian:-!' While, the daughter 
of Sir Charlta WMi.lham (and whose 
will was ihcii ilif sulijeci of great 

to her property), nod in her possession 
" two full length portraits of Sir 
Charles Wyndham, and one of a Ladt) 
T'xclrr, who was said to be anni u* 
Mri. Francti White." 

The dilficuliy felt by your Corre- 
spondents in relying enlirely upon the 
MonuRicnul Inscriptions, appears to 
have arisen from the clrcunisiancei of 
being unable lo find that there ever 
was any Baron Chandos of llie family 

* He wu the MO of Dr. J'<hD Youdk, 
D»norWiDcli»Mr,«b<M«frt)wr was Tutor 
to King James lX\e Pnt, 

of Bridges, wboM Chrii^an name was 
TAomas, and the total silence of all the 
pedigrees they had connoted upon the 
subject of such a coanexion. Your 
ji^ges were referred to in the hope of 
elieiiing a solution of the difficulty, 
when a •* Thirty-five years Corre- 
spondent/' in the month of Septem- 
ber 1830 (vol. xc. pu ii. p. 231)> 
expressed his surprize that any intel- 
ligent genealogist should puzzle him* 
self *' By an error which was so easily 
capable of being proved as such ; ' 
and observes, that the Writs of Sum- 
mons to Parliament would shew that 
there was no Tkomast Baron Chandos, 
and after adverting to a variation in 
the description of James Youn^, Esq. 
m two ot the inscriptions (a circum- 
stance perfectly immaterial to the point 
«nder discussion), misjjuotes the de- 
•criptionof Mrs. Youngin the Winches- 
ter inscription, and then remarking 
that the Borony was one by patent, 
and limited to heirs male, asks, as if 
somewhat alarmed, what these female 
heirs could have to do with it ? Most 
asBUFcdly they could have nothing to 
do with the Barony, nor were their 
pfetenstons to it ever under considera- 
tion, and r confess myself at a loss to 
conceive why that veteran friend of 
Mr. Urban's should have inuoduced 
the subject of the Barony, which hav- 
ing been long since extinct, could not 
much interest any; person. He con- 
cUi^ his letter without affording an^ 
explanation upon the subject, and his 
communication would have been much 
more satisfactory had he stated where the 
error lies, which was in his estimation 
•o easily capable of being proved 'as 
inch, instead of pulling an imaginary 

of Brifdfpet, Lofd9 Chandoi. 


xc. pt. ii. p. 323), who very aptly 
notices the " morbid acuiencss" of 
your Correspondent's perception in con- 
juring up a phantom vvhicli existed 
only m his own imagination. 

In January 1821 (vol. xci. pt. i. p. 
38), the copy of a third inscription 
was also through your pages offered by 
" Dunelmensis*' in corroboration of 
the repeated assertion of ihc descent 
from the noble house of Chandos; vii. 
from a monument, in St. JamesV 
Church, Taunton, erected to the me- 
mory of Maria, daughter of the said 
Sir Charles Wyndbamand Dame James 
''his wife, who died 19th Jan. 17^: 

where again her mother is described as 
the daughter of Major-General Young, 
and granddaughter of the Lord Chan- 

The question as relating to a noble 
family of ancient descent and honour- 
ably allied, has certainly some interest, 
and it appears strange that the precise 
connexion of a Lady, undoubtedly a 
member of the House of Br}'dges, 
should be involved in any such mys- 
tery. That there is an error in this 
inscription, is pretty clear, and to me 
it appears to exist in the substitution of 
Thomas for William ; the Christian 
name of Mrs. Young's father and 
grandfather being William, for the 
inscription is less likely to be wrong 
in the name of her father than in that 
of her grandfather: that William had 
issue will hereafter be decidedly shewn. 

As the Peerages and other genealo- 
gical writers do not give any particular 
account of the younger sons* of Wil- 
liam the 4th Lord Chandos, it may be 
as well briefly to state, that the said 
William, 4th Lord, married Mary, 
daughter of Sir Owen Hopton, Lieu- 
tenant of the Tower, which lady was 
living at Stepney in April 1624, and 
dying in October* in tne same year, 
was buried at Stepney ; there was 
issue of this marriage as follows: Grey, 
Giles, Thomas, and William ; Frances, 
Joan, and Beatrice. 

The fact of the 4lh I^rd Chandos 
having had several children, appears 
by a collection of Baronial Peaigrccs 
amongst the vast collections of the 
laborious and indefatigable Augustine 
Vincent, Windsor Herald, deposited 
in the College of Arms, and which 
appear to have been compiled in or 
aoout the year 1696, as William 4th 
Lord Chandos is there described " do- 
minus hodiernus 1596," and under the 
line of issue drawn from him is written, 
*• liberi r>ermulti.'' The words ** ho- 
diernus and ** liberi permulti,'* have 
been afterwards struck through with a 
pen; and in a more recent, but still 
an ancient hand, the pedigree is 
brought down to a later period; and 
from a pedigree in the hand -writing 
of Robert Dale, Blanch Lion Pur- 

* Gollins's Peerage, vol. ii. p. 138. ed. 
1789> meatious a Sir Giles, who died with- 
out issue; and id Brydges' edition of that 
work, vol. vi. p. 724, the Editor says, in a 
note, " probably the same who was knight-t 
ed, and died about 1638, and bad a brother 


Pamilf of Biydga, Lorii Chandot, 


aulvaot, and now In b private coUeo- of Exeter, »iiU.T a* befoM imtaii at 

tion, 1 have obiained their namei (as William, in her will dated l66s, airi 

brfore given), the accuracy of which proved 1663, appoinis her niece Maiy 

i* nuppotied hy documenia hereafier Yoong her execmrix, and llwCoBnIcaa 

rtrene^ to, aud as far a> ihcy extend, hein" clearlf a dauj^hier of the 4<rti 

amouul lo a correbotBlian by legiil LoruChandos, ihe term niectf confe- 

evidence^ quently proves the fact of Mn. YouneV 

wai r.tthe( of George 6<h Lord, well Hence it appears lo me that there h 

known from hh bravery ut the battle left but little rooai for douht at t» the 

of Newbury, who died |(J64, and of error being in the inscription at Win- 

\t'illiaiii the 7t]i Lord Chandoi, whu Chester, where Loid Chando* of Sutl- 

bnif) however died without male isaue. leyiscalled T'Aanai instead of ^Miam. 
Of lite younger tons. Sir Giles was Should this satisfy your icaden thu 

knifchicd nt Theobalds, 17th Sept. i -J- "'—Ji '- J . :. _^i.i:-i. 

Lady Wyndhain's d'ejcent i» cttaUiih* 
ed, and to which her funiily evidently 
attached some imjiortancie, it follow* 

l6lti, and by his will, dated 6th April, 
t684, ind ptoted 13lh Otot. 1629 

(wherein he speaks of hi« " Cliaiiiber that granddaa^hler ia the other ii 
at hi> Mothers at Siepuey"), he left inscriptions should hnvc been grtaf- 
an annuity to his brother William ^anddaughler ; the repetition of thb 
Btydges, with reversloD to his sons, in inaccuracy is certainly singmUr. 
ibcse words: " I make my Coysen 1 must add, that a veiy inle1l)Eent 
Gillet Brideei of Willtone, my Solle friend of mine, and a Gorreapondent 
•ycre and Ycxcckrelarie. I doe yene of yours, sueRcsted to me the potsibH 
Koine hiem that hea shall gef 10 my lity of Mrs. Youiifc's being the daugh- 
brothrr Wiellism ooe Annuity of icr of Thmnas son of William 4tlt 
fouerecore pounds a Yer deuirclnge !,ord Chandos, instead of William; 
hies lief, ai>d after that 10 bee payed and the error in the Winchetter in- 
to hies Moa deuereingc thayer liefci scripiion would in that case be in the 
orii pound a Yeie a pcie." ten os posit ion of the two Christian 

Thomas, at the period of the conti- 
nuation of the pcoigtee in Vincent's 
CollMtion, is staieil to be " oceiius ;'* 
and in DJc's Pedigree, slain in Flan- 
den, without any mention of dying with 
ur wii!im>i issue. William is shewn xieni 
1.-, t, ,v. h.A v--~uc Ihiag in le-M, as his lii.m, 
>.i! ■ .he rcvctiioM of the Thoi 

jr . ' .nil, and frmn the vciiin 

words ef ih^ bequest, viz. " Forii 
p««ad a yere a pese," it may be con- 
chided ibefc were two. 

Of the daii^hten of the 4th Lord, 
Frances married, first. Sir Thoinaa 
Smith of Parsons Green, co, Middle- 
sex, and Secietary to Janiei the First ; 
and Sdiy, Thomas Earl of Exeler. 
Jo» Burricd Sir Thomas Tnivile, 
Cupbearer lo Queen Aiine ; and Bea- 
tria, !nr Henry Poole of Saperion, co. 
Glnocnter, and died in IGOS. 

ThoDgh the will of Sir Giles BtydfEcs 
is silent as 10 female issue of his bro- 

at Win. 
; hut I confess this does not, under 
! circumstances related, appear to 
so |)robable a wlnticin of the enigma 
the other. The will of Sit Gitet 
ntions children of his hroiher Wil- 
li, but is perfectly silent as to 
is.orD.iyoniUi..i,e. Whenthe 
^ r son ol' ihe 4ih Lord Chandos 
died, or what became of the male 
issue of William Brytlges, I know notj 
but that there was a total failure of 
male issue from the body nf the said 
4lh Lord Chandos, is to be presumed 
from the iveil-knowu fact of a 

... yJ"' 

Bcydge* hsviiiK issue is luflicient to 
JMstify OUT benef in the declaration 
eoataiDcd in the inscription at Win- 
cheatM', which itatet Mrs. Young to 
hen been daD^hler of HVUaiw. In 
addtiiaa to which, Frascca CountcM 

scendant of the second son of the first 
I^Jrd succeeding 10 the dignity upon 
and the House of Lords, when hearing 
the claim of the Rev. Mr. Brydgea, 
seems to have considered the succession 
of a junior branch of the family a* 
proof of the eutinction of the male 
issue of the elder; Ibr the only evidence 
relating to the point to be found in the 

C'nled minutes, is the entry from the 
rds' Journal, when James, Btb 
Lord, look hii seat in Parliament in. 
1676. Under such ctrcumstancet, that 
august tribunal was, therefore, probably 
content with less explicit evidence than 

110 Brydge$ Family, — Royal Descem of Marquis of Hastings. [Feb. 

it would otherwise have required on 
that head ; and perhaps also further 
evidence might have been called for, 
had not the case very early taken an 
unexpected turn, and rested, as it 
finally did, not on any point connected 
with the succession of the earlier Lords 
Chandos, but on the simple question 
whether the then claimant was in 
truth descended from the noble family 
of Brydges at all, or from a much 
humbler stock of the same name. 

Having obtained, and accurately ex- 
amined copies of the inscriptions which 
have caused this discussion, I transmit 
them to you herewith. F. £. 

Inscripiions referred to. 
On a black marble stone, in a Chapel 
in the South aite of Winchester Ca- 

Arms: Three piles in pale, points 
downwards, each charged with an an- 
nulet, for Young, impaling a cross 
charged with a leopard's head, Brydges : 

** Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Mary 
Young, the wife of James Young, Esq. 
who was a Gentleman of the Prlvie Cham- 
ber unto King Charles the First : And dyed 
a Collonell in his sayd Maties service. She 
was the daughter of Wm. Bridges, the sonn 
of Thomas Bridges, Baron Chandris, of 
Sudley. She dyed the 14th day of Decem- 
ber, 1687) aged 80.*' 

From* a monument in the Church of 
Hursley, near Winchester. 

Arms : Young, impaling Brydges, 
as before described : 

<' Here lyeth th6 body of Sir Charles 
Wyndham, Knt. and Dame James his wife, 
late of Craubury. He was the son of Sir 
Edmond Wyndham, Knt. Knight Marshal 
of England. She was the daughter of Major 
General James Young, and granddaughter 
to my Lord Chandos. The said Sir Charles 
and his wife had ten sons and seven daugh- 
ters* He departed this life July 22, 1706; 
she departed this life theSlst of May, 1720. 
This monument was erected by two of their 
daughters, Frances White and Beata Hall." 

From a monument in St. James's 
Church, Taunton, co. Somerset. 

Arms : In a lozenge Azure, a chev- 
ron between three lions* heads, erased 

"In memory of Maria Wyndham, the 
daughter of Sir Charles Wyndham and 
Dame James his wife, who departed this life 
the 1 9th of January, 1759. Her fittther 
was the son of Sir Edmund Wyndham, 
Knight Marslial of England. Her Mother 
was the daughter of Major-General Young, 
and granddaughter of the Lord Chandus. 

Awake my soul. 
Awake and sing 
Eternal praise 
To Heaven's King. 
This monument was erected by two of her 
sisters, Frances White and Beata Hall." 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 8. 

I SHOULD deem myself wanting in 
common candour, did I not avow 
that the Editor of Debretl's Peerage (p. 
27), has most satisfactorily disproved the 
Royal descent from Henry the Seventh, 
which I had claimed for the houses of 
Ancasier and Guilford. 

I have been favoured with a sight 
of Le Neve*s valuable and accurate 
manuscript, which completely decides 
the contest in the Editor's favour. 

My error I might have avoided had 
I stopped to collate the dates given by 
Lod^e (who led me astray) in his 
article of Brownlow Viscount Tyr- 
connel, with the dates given in the 
older editions of Collins, under the 
head of Brydges Duke of Chandos. I 
should moreover have found, that Ed- 
mondson, in his engraving ofihe quar- 
tering^ belonging to Cust, Lord Brown- 
low, decidedly negatives my late hypo- 
thesis, and inserts Dunconibc, in right 
of the real wife of Sir William Brown- 
low, created Baronet. 

Sir S. E. Brydges, in his enumeration 
in your Supplement of the heads of 
families intitled to quarter the French 
Queen's arms (by him styled her re- 
prebentatives), omits two, who ought 
to follow the Earl of Dunmore, to 
wit. Lord Nairne, and Lady Keith. 
These I maintain have as indisputable 
a right to special mention as any one 
of the Egerton line, with the excep- 
tion of the Earl of Jersey and the 
Marquis of Staflbrdsliire. 

^s bearing upon the topic of Quar- 
tering the Royal atchievement, allow 
me to point out to your heraldic, genea- 
logical, and historical Correspondents 
and Readers the singularly proud pre- 
tensions of the present Marquis of 
Hustings. He is intitled to the arms 
of a son of Edward I., a son of Edward 
IlL, the brother of Edward IV., and 
a daughter of Henry VII. He more- 
over quarters David Earl of Strathern, a 
son of Robert II. King of Scotland. 
Whilst thus depicting a shield as highly 
to be prized in the estimation ot an 
Antiquary, as those of Achilles and 
^neas in the eyes of a Poet, my me- 
mory fondly and sadly turns to the re* 


EtigSth Language mottfy Saxon. — CSieltea. 

collMlioD of ihe energelic entcrpriie words out of 20, and i 
diiplamt by iis hctoic bearer in liiDu 14 ouLof 15, are of true I 
Diiw dittanl on a fat distant shore. Before I conclutic. lei 
when and where, had others been a< 
Iiulcd by cf|ml talent, and eijtial zea 
Ttt^aijua nunc itam, Priunique an at 

The Bajai 

? Vannei 

milled to lugpesl "a ne 
Dr. Injjram for his ni 
Ihe Saxon Chronicle. 

"A.D. 785. There' 
■inod at Cealc-hythe." 
render) the last word, 
ters, Chalk-hyihe 

Fas geflitfollic 
Mr. Ingnm 

□ modern let- 
ihc prelixcil 

•yHEHE are few modern work* '' P'^c'd in LancasKire. ' BLshop"6ib^ 

X Rhich have produced a j^reater 
cbuiftc in the punails of the .Aniiqiury, 
than Mr.Tumer;! *• Hitlory of the An- 

nin^ to itudy and 

fie, to whom we 
n our tawi and i 

We are at length begin 
" ■ ipreciate thepeo- 
chieHy indebted 
utions, and from 
slmoit exdu^vcly. 

n, and all the Conimentato: 
passoge, have hitherto concurred in 
fixb" upon "Kilcheth, a village on 
the borders of Cheshire," aa theipol 
where this important synod waiheld. 
Mr. Clarke. In his Connection of 
Coins, has introduced a long note in 
r, Qf (fiij conjecture, and Mia; 

the full and emphatic language, which Gurney has adopted it in her elegant 

bids fair in s few years to become the iranslation ; but their reasoning ap- 

nication P''"" '" "": very inconclusive. The 

cene of this memorable council, 

'where the glorious King Offa, with 

lis Archbishop and Bishop*," mel 

genenl mediu 

throiiKhoui the cifiliied world. 

"The present ianguage of English- 
men,*' uys Mr. Bosworth in his Ele- 
menu of Anglo-Saxon Grammar, "Is 
not that heteroKcncoai compound 
which aotnc imifginc, compiled from 
the jarrins and corrnptrd elcnienls of 
Hebrew, Grrek.Ulin, French, Spa- 
niih, and Italian, but completely 
Anglo-Saxon io its whole idiom and 

A» the examples cited by Mr. Dos- 
worih and by Dr. Ingram are by no 
means the mott facourable that could 
b« brought forward, with your pcr- 
rolasioa, Mr. Urban, I will point out 
» fen oihert lo their notice. 

The pvable of the Goo«l Shepherd, 
SLjoho, cbtp.x. Tene 11—18, con- 
taiui 150 word* ; with the exception 
wf three cmly, ihey are all of Teutonic 
ofidn; and in the 14th, 15th, i6th, 
and ]7tb Chapten of Si. John's Gos- 
pel, the proportion of Anglo-Saxon 
wordt ii coDiidcrably moic than nine 
ont^of ten. 

1 poetry that the powi 

of oar mother 

:r lonKoe are n 

it appa- 

■ lingular fad, lliai 
> a greater degree in 
'e than in the writings 
oftheiytband IRth centuriei. "Ten 
yeati ago," by Mr. Watts, and the 
"Farewell'' of Miss Landon, have 
been rcneatcdly quoted as the moil 
bcmtifDl eompoailioni of their respec- 
tire •othon *. In the former, 1p 

* SMOtHkH^-Jolj ie34,[ip.S9,63. 

the Roman delegates, 
apprehend, an obscure hamlet' in 
Lancashire, but Cuelsba, on the 
biinks of the Thamea, the soulhen) 
boundary of the KinRdom of Mercia. 

I am iirepared to support my opi- 
nirin by many cogent arguments, if^it 
should be controverted j but the iden- 
tity appears »o evident, that I shall 
cdolent myself for the present with 
one corroborative proof only. The 
King of Mercia had recently added 
Middloex lo his hereditary domi- 
nions ; and there is still extant a char- 
ter, given by bim in the very same 
year, to the neighbouring Monasterr 
ofThorney, now Westminster. 

The Parish retained the name of 
Chelchethe in the Taxation of Pope 
Nicholas, A.D. ISgl, and this was the 
common way of apelling it for several 
centuries. Mr. Faulkner in his "His- 
tory of Chelsea'' observes, that the 
earliest mention he finds of this place 
occirs in a charter of Edward the 
Confessor J and he adds that the ety- 
mology of the name haa not hitherto 
* sal is fact orily explained. I think 

he will n 

. hesitate t< 

issign a 

t dale lo his parish, as the abode 
of Rovaliy, and he will probably con- 
sider Cheal's Hyihe as plausible a de- 
rivation as any that have been offered 
by Leiand, Skinner, Norden, New- 
courl, or Lorsons. Stebenhjihe, now 
Stepney, Rotherhylhe, Queenbylhe, 


Pauag^ df Hannibal ooer th^ Alpi, 


Gailickfaythe, . Lsmbhythe, Patten- 
hethy DOW I^itney, and several other 
creeks on the Thames, where the 
ierminattoas have been modernized 
in a similar manner, will readily oc- 
cur to the Antiquary. M. H. 

Ov THs Passagb op Hannibal over 

THE Alps. 

Mr. Ur BAV, Slourhead. 

HAVING lately read a disserta- 
tion on this subject in No. 85 
«f the Edinburgh Review, p. l63, in 
which the various opinions respecting 
tins event are discussed, and that ojf 
the learned Whitaker attempted to 
be refuted, I am induced to brine 
forward some very strong circumstantial 
evidence to prove that ne was right in 
his assertions, *' that the Greai St, 
Bernard was the passage selected by 
the Carthaginian Grenbral, and not the 
LiUle St Bernard:* 
' I shall not enter into a discussion 
on the different names of places, dis- 
tances, &c. which have been adduced 
in favour of the LiUle St. Bernard; 
but endeavoar to bring into court a 
thort, clear, and conclusive evidence 
ID favour of the Great St, Bernard. 
' When the Antiquary is desirous of 
fioding the site of any ancient city, he 
oaturaily inquires for coins, ancient 
|)ottery, and inscriptions; and when 
the Historian wishes to ascertain the 
•eene of any great battle or military 
exploit, he as naturally inquires for 
camps, earthen works, armour, and 
niliury weapons. 

On the Great St, Bernard the An- 
tiquary will 6nd all his inquiries an- 
«wered, and his wishes most fully sa- 
tisfied--4br on this Alpine spot, now 
become the seat of the hospitable 
Monks, he will see the founaations 
i>f the once celebrated Temple of Ju- 
pitbr pBifViifUS, a most extensive 
collection of medals found on the 
spot, as well as numerous inscriptions 
to the deity and patron of the place. 

These evidences seem to have es- 
caped the BOtice of the generality of 
travellers who have passed over these 
heights; but a friend of mine who has 
latdy spent some time at this convent, 
has procured a perfect list of all these 
coins and inscriptions, which, I hope, 
at some future time he will publish. 

It must be noticed that the inscrip- 
tions vary in the title of the god to 
whom tney were dedicated ; some 
beiD(g inscnbed Jovi P^nivo Jon 

PaKiHO*— the former alluding to the 
Jupiter of the Alpt — the other per- 
haps to JuPiTBR the Cartliaginian, 
from PcEHUS* the Carthaginian. 

The custom that prevailed amongst 
the ancients of making votive offerings 
to a favourite deity, in order to pro- 
cure them a safe journey by sea or 
land, or to heal them from any bodily 
infirmities, still prevails, as the nu- 
merous Churches and Chapels in Italy 
will testify : and amongst those at St, 
Bernard, there is an inscription dedi- 
cated to Jupiter, pro ilu et reditu — 
of the traveller who encountered this 
ru2ged passage. 

I have heard of no such strong evi- 
dence in support of the passage over 
any other {Kirt of the Alps ; but in the 
aforesaid d issertation , the clashing seem- 
ed to be hard between the Great and 
Little St, Bernard, and I hope I have 
proved that the greater claim is justly 
due to the former, 

Cluverius, in his Italia Anlujuaria, 
vol. I. p. 28, in describing the Alps, 
says, " Apenninus mons appellatus 
quasi Alpes Panina, quia Hannibal, 
veniens ad Italiam, easdem Alpes 
aperuit." — And a^in, ** Alpes Penni- 
ms, sive ut alii scrips^re, Pcenintt, quas 
Hannibal rum Punico suo exercitu 
rupisse traditur, nempe, qui nunc vo- 
catur Mons Jovis, sive, alio nomine, 
Mons Dtvi Bemardi." — By this pas- 
sage we find the Mons Jowis, on which 
was the Temple of Jupiter, i&entified 
with the Great St. Bernard, — whereas 
the Little St. Bernard was on the Alpes 
Graias, which were situated between 
the Alpes Cottice and Pennince, and 
the origin of the latter name was de- 
rived probably from the Celtic root of 
Pen head, or summit, and perhaps 
at a later period attributed to Hanni- 
bal — the Carthaginian. II. C. H. 

S. N. Mys, " While, genemlly spesking, 
I agree with Dr. Carey respecting Patents 
(tee Mag. for November), I believe he is 
greatly mistaken in the main point. He 
seems to think, that the money paid for 
them is an addition to the Revenue : but I 
have always understood, that little, if any 
of it, goes into the public purse. Is there 
not a large fee to the Lord Chancellor ? and 
is not the remainder of the cost incurred by 
the charges of the Solicitor employed, and 
incidental expences ?*' 

* Lempriere, in hu Classical Dietionaiy, 
says that a deity styled Pamna was wor- 
shipped on the AanA Bernard. 


* 'i- ' 



int.] BM^'i Polaet M XteUk IIS 

Mr. Vmbav, Ftb. 1. tvorin of afehtlaetiinl dull, it hag, 

THE E|ntco|Nl Pdace tt Linoola howcrcr, been obliged to sabrnk to 

k titnate on the South tide of the Time't unfeeling |mp» and' the place 

hill, near the ■oramity and poMenca a ivheie once the coakq^ banquet tiaod 

coomanding view over the whole of arrayed in all the oilaitatiQiis kmuiy 

^ifr lower part of the Citj,.at well ai of oocletiattie neatncft, hai now> iu 

oCtiieTUIagatootfaooppoiitthUlk «ibaldarn« laaSl: MNWii with frait- 

* This once magnifietnt ttflKtiife ivai ' Ittm, and te-|mnl iqppfDpriated «a 

begun bf Bishop Ch ain ry, to whoea Ibe poiyiicof alowattointcn. Bishop 

the site waagcanted by KingHeniy II. Hv^ likewise buihthmniooafcitcliiaa 

being the wnoleof the land» indndiBg in which wen seven ohimneys. 

theta, from the wall of the Brfl of Bishop La Bcc oontriboiad sane. 

Lisaoln, by Sc Nicholas ChMd^ to thug towMs fabproving this pidaes^ 

that of St. Andrew, and fiom theaoe but no memorials exist to poini tmt 

East la the City wall, free and ooit of what these improvements were. > 

landgaffd, portage, and all other niflfi, William^. Alnwick, Qishop of Ngr* 

with fieelicensem break a gate thfoteh Wieh. Ma-tiandaled lo the sea dT 

Uw bail svall fer hii passa«i>t|ft^«^ fJnNifcinAr>:34ae^ ani ^mmfoM 

Iran thaObniuk^ '3^ ' addbyi-bai&Btor to liMt iCaihe^ 

. H^i^ jeosMMM^ called ALiBiBb dm^|?loilisnoiiifieeDeeabdttotc the 

dk OreMUay'jwte'waa coiistp ra ted palaoc-%h*iiiMiSed £v the great an^ 

8^ 8, Ufl^ itelaqpd this in a mi o n tiance; tower, «Bd curious - chapdi 

with seveaalapaniMnts, some of which The tower» which is yet toleimbly 

were of great magnilieeoea. Ha b^gan mtire, u a specimen of excellent stone 

the mod hall, whidk measuiiea.'ti work; it is a sooare building, with a 

feet m lofdi from Novtb «« JbiMh, laige turret at tJie North-west comer, 

and 6#' bgdi fcaifa E<il to We4 ' The in which ia the temoant of a very fine 

roof wm*^MeaAf snpported by tfbo winding stona staircase leading to the 

rows aifilUiaofKlbeek marble iftol roaois above faw Pio/e UJ Atmme 

of Uml filasters, aapported by egiM pttotops pano4 these were eleBant 

ubles, an yet remainiBf at ctoheolt MMlriiMnts, bat the-cdlinn have h»g 
these baisig of octMansrslii p c , c —Piy - amoo gonf «4aeay, and tba kmcr 

the opialen that me other pillnir*m ahatobcr irnpw Stlcd with ftagmeou 

weQ a»the materials, wcieof thmaae tf tXdlm baMmUn^ interfliixad vrith 

sort. The middleaile, miasm ii(|giii wald>%Halhii<,- ; - • 

centre to centre of each piaHaQ^WM -^Tftf ^MtoUMii^af this'lower has 

feet, and each side one tweh«feiiiiU aoawenid tbb ^ipow of a. pfvch, or 

a half* Four double wuidoway'tNi vestibule^ and formed a commnnica* 

each stdo lighted this sumptuous r eto a, tioa "with several apartmenta^ thoprin- 

and an degant acrcen at the S o ith citoalenfraiiiDeiiin*lhejniddle or the 

end, of three pointod arehes^ tew Hortb side., .pn.t^« So^tli.apd near 

walled lip with bricks, opened a4top« the East cdnm'ls another,' (eading at 

monicatioii with the pnncipal apM> ptesratlntoiteiliiebebtiiV Wit probably 

ments and kitchen, by meana of'sr at some period to diftrent: parts of fife 

bridge of one pointed aroh* Tbcgidad buOdtng; that ontha Wtatled totha^ 

entrance was atthe South-wcatoMiyarJ ^nd hall, and aitdther on tba Eart 

through « beautiful recnlar lAipitoB side into a roost elc^uit faulted pas- 

doorway^ supported by cioawred sage, which appears to have opened' 

columns,- with detached snaftt;aiid>fo- into the Chapel. This Mpch has plain 

liatcd capitals ; two otbar- veeasses,' walls, but tne roof it Bnaly (^ined; 

with very bigh pointed archea, onroli: the ribs spring front tlMB - middle of 

each side, gwe {peculiar spirit and doiu each side, and liom v smalt clustered 

gance to tbediesign. Attached to tfant pilbr, in each ecfmf'' The arms of 

entrance was once a poroh^ « vaa- Bishop Alnwidk, «•€«» moNiiey are 

tibule, the present remains ii which' on the spndrils of the entrance areh, 

bespeak it to have been a ainlctore of and also upon the ancient wooden 

superior taste and eleeanca^ Thia door ; they hkewise arirve lo omameat 

princely hall was finished by Hu^ II. the bow window, which has been a 

hit successor, aud doubtless furnished piece of exquisite workmanship: : 

with all the pomp and magnificence The conous Chapel ba3t bv the 

peculiar to th« age. Like many otha same inunifieentpaslatey and dedicated 

GsHT. Mao. PttruMr^ IM«. * to the Blessed Viigin, had in one of 



Mr. WooUioM on Saxon Coinage-^East Angles, 


the windows lines commemorating the 
saint and the fonnder. The walls and 
roof were almost entire in 1727 ; but 
since that period it has been destroyed, 
and all the materials removed ; su(H- 
cienty however, has escaped the ruth- 
less mallet to shew that it once exhi- 
bited a beautiful specimen of pointed 
architecture. On March 31, l6l7. 
King James the First, during his nine 
days stay at Lincoln, having heard Bi- 
shop Neile preach in the Cathedral, 
dined with him in this noble palace*. 

Those parts of the ruins next the 
city shew three ponderous buttresses, 
supposed to have oeen built by Bishop 
M' illiams. Dean of Westminster, and 
Keeper of the Great Seal, who was 
consecrated Bishop of Lincoln, Nov. 
17, 1621. Few years however elapsed, 
before the palace of Lincoln, dur- 
ing the unhappy civil contest, was 
plundered of its riches, its beauty de- 
stroyed, and many of its exulting towers 
levelled with the ground, never more 
to raise their humbled heads. 

The venerable ruins of the palace, 
overhung with ivy, forms one of the 
most picturesque subjects that this an- 
cient city can boast. The gloomy 
vaults, broken arches, and ruined 
towers, decorated with creeping ever- 
greens, .commanding a prospect over 
the lower town and five neighbouring 
counties, render the palace garden one 
of the most delightful as well as pictu- 
resque spots that can be fognd in the 
whole extensive county of Lincoln. 
Yours, &c. J. E. 

On Saxon Coinage. 

BEORNA, who in conjunction 
with Ethelbert ascended the East 
Anglian throne in 749, is the first mo- 
narch of this kinsdom of whom coins 
have been found, and of these, two 
only are known, both Skeattas, and 
preser\'ed in the Hunterian cabinet. 
As' there is no mention of any other 
royal. name upon them, they may very 
reasbnably be supposed to have been 
minted subsequently to the death of 
Ethelbert, his co-partner in the regal 
administration. No portrait appears 
on these coins, but simply a cross in 
the centre, both of the obverse and re- 
verse ; the legend on the former being 
the name and tide, and on the latter 
that of the m inter, E. F. E. conse- 

• See the '* Progresses of James 1." 

quently they afford little matter for 
illustration. Some of these are of fair 
workmanship, others rude, and the 
letters in many cases of a singularly 
formed and antique appearance. It 
may however be remarked, that as 
Beorna begun to reign solely in 75d, 
and pennies had for many years before 
been struck both in the Mercian and 
West Saxon kingdoms, he does not 
appear to have been solicitous to adopt 
the penny form, notwithstanding its 
superior advantages for the exercise of 
the minter's ability. 

Whether the Skeatta was of strictly 
ecjuivalenc value with the penny, and 
differins only in size, I am somewhat 
inclinea to doubt, though I am not 
aware of any means of arriving at a 
certainty on the point, and it assuredly 
was the precursor of the penny. About 
this period there is a defect in the East 
Anglian history, and I know not how 
I can do better than give the opinion 
and elucidation of Mr. Tyrrell, which 
is as follows. 

*• Sub anno 749, Sim. Dunelmensis 
etChronicon de Mailross Hunbearum, 
Hunbeanum, et Albertuqfi successisse 
referunt, et regnum divisisse. Sed 
quum Matthaeus Westmonast. illos Be- 
ornam et Ethelbertum nominari voluit, 
nunc Hunbeanum non alium arbitror 
ouum Beornam nuper dictum nee 
Ethelbertum quam^thelredumEthel- 
waldi filium.'* 

That such a kin^ as Beorna actually 
existed, the two corns above mentioned 
indisputably prove, and the correction 
and amendment from Hickes cannot 
but be satisfactory on this doubtful 

I am now about to notice one of 
the most rare coins in the Saxon series, 
and supposed to be the only one of this 
king (Ethelred) which has yet been 
discovered. Its curiosity and value will 
in the discussion of its right appropria- 
tion, be found equal to its rarity. 
There arc only four Kings of whom 
Skeattas are known, namely, Ethelbert 
and Egbert of Kent, Beorna of the 
East Angles, and Ethelred, the un- 
doubted proprietor of the coin under 

The Skeatta of Egbert has a whole- 
length figure, and is the only one 
whereon a portrait of any kind occurs, 
in which respect it has a superiority of 
interest over the others, notwithstand- 
ing it is inferior to them all in scarcity. 
The obverse of the Skeatta I have al- 
ready designated as belonging toEthel-; 

1S26.] Mr, Wdoltione on Saxon €oinag4-^EaMi AngUr. 

red of die East Angles, has a small 
cross in the centre, and is inscribed 
Ethel red ; for the cross which comes 
between the D and the L must, it is 
presumed, be rea.d for an I, and seems 
to have been converted into a cross by 
the ignorance or blunder of the minter, 
or possibly it may have been designed 
for an £. Should it however be con- 
tended that it was strictly intended for 
a cross, wc must consider the vowel to 
be absorbed after the Saxon manner, 
in the subsequent L, as is frequently 
the case in the coins of Ethelwulf and 
Athelstan. The minter's name on the 
reverse is CVDCILZ, but whether it 
occurs on the coins of any dther king^ 
I am unable to say. 

Proceeding, therefore, to give my 
reasons for the appropriation of this 
singular piece, it must nrst be remarked 
that there are coins of three kings of 
the name, with which we are ac* 
quainted ; namely, l£thelred of the. 
iNorthumbrians, Ethelred the elder 
brother of the immortal Alfred, and 
Ethelred second son of Edward the 

To the first of these it cannot be- 
long, as no^.Skeattas of the Northum- 
brian kingdom have ever been found, 
whilst the Stycas are far from being ' 
scarce, and it is needless to inform 
those who are adepts in the numis- 
matic science, that these form no aliquot 
part of the Skeatta ; nor are there 
Skeattas known of any king whose 
pennies are in being, as the Skeatta is 
in reality the penny in its ancient 
form, a fact which in con trove rtibly 
deprives the two latter monarchs of 
any claim to it. We must of necessity 
therefore turn our attention to some 
other sovereign of this name, and there 
are several such during the Heptarchy, 
the earliest being Ethelred of Mercia, 
who ascended the throne in 675, and 
after a reign of 30 years retired to a 
monastic life : to him the coin cannot 
belong, for no Skeattas of the Mercian 
kingdom are known, though I will 
not go so far as to say that this, and 
perhaps some few others of the early 
Mercian princes might not strike them ; 
for this Ethelred was contemporary 
with Egbert of Kent, many of whose 
Skeattas are now preserved in the col- 
lections of the curious. 

However, as coins of this deaomi- 
nation belonging to the Mercian king- 
dom have never yet been found, we 
ttiust cooclude that noae were coined 

. lis 

by them; Proceeding in chronological 
order, the next Ethelred, I find, U 
Ethelred the First» of Northumbrian 
A. D. 774, who filled that throne fbr 
the short space of four years only ; ai^l 
as I have already, observed that, no 
Skeattaa of that kingdom appear^ the 
coin in question cannot be appropriated 
to him. The same reasoning a»o ex- 
cludes the claim of Ethelred the Se- 
cond, who assumed the regal dignity 
oyer the Northumbrians in 7^4, and 
died soon afterwards. Having thus 
shewn thatt the coin is not the property 
of either of the foregoing sovereigiis, 1 
will now gtve my reasons for asngn- 
ing it to Ethelred Kin^ of the &8t 
Angles. Beorna, notwithstanding he 
' held the government of this kini^om 
for the very short space of one year, 
thought the coinage of money for h» 
subjects a matter worthy of his 9Ltten<* 
tion and regard, and issued Skeatta^ 
two of which, as above noticed, are v 
known. That this es^mple was fol- 
lowed by his relative and successor 
Ethelred, I deduce from the valuable 
coin under consideration, for to him it 
must undoubtedly be ascribed ; and it * 
may also be bbsenred, that as Beorna 
durins his brief reign introduced the 
art of coinage into his 'kingdom, it 
can hardly be thoueht possible that his; 
successor Ethelred, who swayed the 
sceptre for the long period of 30 years, 
would discontinue the practice. 

Proceed we now to tne reign of Ed- 
mund, who in 857 was murdered by 
the Danes, and afterwards canonized 
with the appellation of Saint and 
Martyr. But here I must] first digress 
for the purpose of correcting what I 
conceive to be a fundamental error in 
a performance much read and deserv- 
edly esteemed ; I- mean Pegge's '* As- 
semblage of Coins, fabricated by au- 
thority of the Archbishops of Canter- 
bury. * In page 20 of this work, the 
Doctor roundly asserts that we have 
no coins of the East Angles. Speak- 
ing of a blundered coin of Plegmund 
Archbishop of Canterbury, which had 
been by some antiquaries attributed 
to Edmund the Martyr, he says, 

" Edmund the Martyr can have on claim 
to this coin, because there are no pieces at 
all of the Ea^t Anglian kinedom come down 
to us, for that penny which Sir And. Fouu- 
taine ascribes to Eric, belongs to Eric of 
Northumberland ; and as to that which hs 
attributes to King Aldulf, who ascended 
that i^brone 6S4, I shall take upon me t» 


Mr, WooUtwie on Saxon Coknage-^Emt Angles, 


My that tbe piece is no Anglo Saxon 

•_ »» 

In both these assertions he is per- 
fectly right, but he proceeds to say 
that ** there is no Saxon coin ex- 
tant, I mean that has been published, 
that rises to so high a date.*' In using 
the word coin in this place, he cer- 
tainly falls into an error, as two 
Skeattas of the Kentish Egbert, who 
was exactly cotemnorary with Aldulf, 
are published by Sir And. Fountaine. 
Had he adopted the word penny, his 
assertion would have been irrefragable, 
the earliest known being that of £ad- 
wald of Mercia, more than fifty years 
later than the time of Aldulf. 

Returning to the assertion that ** no 
pieces of the East Anglian kingdom 
are come down to us," I have in my 
own collection a penny, whose obverse 
has a cross in each quarter, and is in- 
scribed Eadmund Hex. An. (see Sir 
And. Fountaine^ Plate 5, No. 22, but I 
choose to quote from the coin itself). 
It is in good condition, and therefore 
I am less liable to fall into a mistake, 
and I would ask what can be the 
meaning of An. ? why palpably it is 
an abbreviation of Anglorum. fiut it 
may be asked whether it is not ascrib- 
able to Edmund the Successor of Athel- 
stan, or Eadmund Ironside. 

In regard to the first, I answer, 
that neither the workmanship nor type 
is at all correspondent to any of tne 
pennies usually ascribed to him, nor 
yet to any of his immediate predeces- 
sors ; and as resj^ects the last, we have 
no coins at all of him. 

No portion of the wol^d Anglorum 
is seen on any coins prior to Eadgar, 
except the Eadmund and Athclstan, 
consequently it cannot be attributed to 
Eadmund the sole monarch, and as 
no coins of Ironside's are known, it 
cannot of course belong to him. Thus 
both by negative and positive argu- 
ments, it belongs to neither of them, 
and must consequently be assigned to 
the martyr of that name. Besides the 
coin I have just been treating of, one 
other of this king is given by Sir A. 
Fountaine, and many more varieties 
have since been brought to light I 
shall therefore proceed to offer a few 
remarks upon two or three belonging 
to this famous King and Martyr; the 
first of which is a beautifully preserved 
penny, in my own cabinet, hitherto 
unpublished. The obverse is inscribed 
Eadmund Rex, and in the centre is- 

the letter M. as found on many of the 
coins of the Mercian princes, particu- 
larly those of Co^nwulf without the 
head. I am at a loss to account for 
the presence of this letter, unless it 
may be considered as a device copied 
in a servile and tasteless manner from 
the Mercian money. And here it was 
my intention to have closed for the 
present every thing of a speculative 
character J but I cannot, as a subject 
so closely connected with the Martyr's 
pennies, omit the mention of certain 
curious ones which have hitherto been 
supposed to have proceeded from the 
St. Edmundsbury mint. I shall first 
examine the opmion of a celebrated 
writer on the Saxon coinage, and after- 
wards introduce some observations of 
my own upon them. Four coins of 
this kind are engraven by Sir A. Foun- 
taine, who imagines they were struck 
by the direction of some of our Kings, 
** qui erat ejusdem sive nominis sive 
prosopiae." To those who are versed 
in the subject of the Saxon coinage, 
it will be unnecessary to attempt a re- 
futation of so improbable a suggestion. 
Dr. Pegge, with all his defects, was 
a far better judge in these matters than 
Sir Andrew, and gave bis opinion that 
they were properlv minted in (he Con- 
fessor's reign, who did not descend 
from Edmund, and that they were 
struck according to the mere fancy of 
the abbot or workmen. We will now 
consider whether they were of con- 
temporary production, or struck in the 
Confessor's reign ; and here I cannot 
but wonder how the Doctor could for a 
moment conceive they were of the 
late date, since they bear not the least 
resemblance to any coins issued pos- 
terior to the time of Edmund, far less 
to those of the Confessor's period. Ed- 
gar was the last Saxon King of whom 
we have coins without the portrait, 
and where this was the case, a small 
cross was uniformljrplaced in the cen- 
tre of the coin. The four coins in 
question have no bust, and the cross is 
so large as to extend to the inner cir- 
cle. Most of the coins of Edward the 
Martyr, successor of Edgar, (except a 
few with the maker's name on the re- 
verse, and which are yet very different 
from these coins) and all afterwards, 
present us with the place of minta^ 
ih the postic, whereas here it is in 
every instance wanting, which really 
is an important deficiency, and of it- 
self goes far towards proving that they 

ISSO.] Mr. W^chUmt on Saxon Coinage-^Bak Angki. . llf 

cannot be coins of the Confessor*! woold not have been reqairad miless 
time. to denote the coins to be of the real 
Observe also that the inscription of specie ; and then proceed to ezaimne 
one reads Sc. Eadmund, and of the an obscarity which remains to be 
three others Sc. Eadmund Rex, «and cleared up, and this is to accoant for 
all have a larse A on their obverse, stile of Sc. or Sanctus, a title unknown 
as on the coin 1 have above proved to to the Saxon mintage^ either in its ear- 
belong to the Martyr. Can a single Her or later periods, 
instance be produced of placing a large I am of opinion that there is neither 
letter^ or indeed any other device what* absurdity or improbability in supposing 
ever except the portrait, on the obverse that these coins were struck (as I have 
of any corns of a date posterior to Ed- before hinted in regard to Edmund's 
gar ? And again, what are we to un- penny with the M) daring the intjer- 
derstand by the A ? Why doubtless regnum that took place in the succies- 
the initial of Anglorum, as m the Mar« sion of that Kingdom between the 
tyr's penny, just quoted ; and admitting years 870 and 878, and as the recently 
(which 1 think must perforce be ad* martyred sovereign was held in such ' 
mitted) that it was so intended, the esteem and veneration, the stile Sane- 
whole legend will be Sanctus Ead- tus was used in respect to his memory, 
mund Rex Anglorum ; and need a and perhaps with a view of procuring 
more explicit one be desired from • a more ready acceptance and currency 
Saxon coin ; nay is it not so full, that for a coinage that might be construed 
few of this series can be exhibited into an illegal usurpation of the re^il 
more so ? ^ authority. Whatever may be thought 
Having given my reasons for ap- of some positions I have advanced, I 
propriating these coins to Edmund the am most decidedly of opinion that the 
Martyr, King of the East Angles, let coins in question are of a rqgai nature, 
as now investigate the claim of the and were never issued from the mint 
Bury mint to them. Dr. Batteley, in of any abbot whatever. 
. hisAntiquiute8SciEdmundiBui^i,iiK' [A deficiency in Mr. Woolstone^a 
forms us, that at the time when Athel- Mb. which I am unwilling to supply 
stan*s memorable regulation relative to by any additions of my own, causes 
the coinage took place, it was* no* the regular notice of the coins of Ed- 
ticed therein as a place, since it was mund the Martyr, to commence im*^ 
then but an inconsiderable though an- perfectly and abruptly. T.. S.] 
cient village t; the Monastery there. And this I conceive to be very likely, 
and the town which depended upon as the same character M is found on 
the Monastery, not arriving at any an East Anglian Ethelstan, reading on 
great degree of^opulence till the reign of the obverse, Ethelstan, and on the 
Cnut, Ao. 1020. reverse Rex. Ang. ; consequently it can 
I have already shewn the fabric of have no reference to the name of the 
these coins to be by no means so mo- Kingdom, whence it may be safely in- 
dem as the time of the Confessor: and ferred to be merely a device copied 
how will it appear at all likely that they from the Mercian coins, in order to 
had their origin with the Abbot, when avoid further trouble in the invention 
Batteiey says distinctly that he had not of a new one. This letter likewise 
the privilege of working a mint till appears on a Northumbrian Styca, 
the Confesaor*s reign, who "concessit where also it cannot refer to the name 
etiam dicto Edmundo monetarium of the Kingdom, any more than in 
sive cuneum, infra Bury." As there- the present instance, and is a further 
ibre the Abbot's privilege is of so late confirmation of my suggestion of its 
a date, and the coins themselves pal- being copied from the monc^ of the 
pably much more ancient, the claim Mercians. The other principal and 
of Bury must be surrendered to the far most conspicuous types of this Kins 
more probable appropriation I have are those with the singularly formed 
made of them to Edmund King of the A on the obverse, reverse a cross and 
East Angles. One remark more I will pellets in each <]oarter ; those with 
add, which is, that the word Rex the before - mentioned character on 

• — — ^ both sides of the coin, a third desCrip- 

• The word not is here assuredly wanting, tion with a cross having a crescent in 

t Qu. whether Mr. W. has rightly trans- each quarter, another sort with a cross 

itted the word he renders viilage f intersected by a semicircle, the points 

119 On Innwaiiont in Ike Liberal Sciences. [Feb. 

downwards, and a fifth variety with degree, to lessen the labours, as wdl as 
an obverse like the last, save that the to ameliorate the conditions of the 
ends of the semicircle are crossed : the lower orders of society in general. But 
reverses of all these have a cross, with still it may be doubted, Mr. Urban, 
an annulet in each qiiarter. whether several of the more refined 

The pennies of Edmund the Mar- speculations of the present age have 
tyr, though sufficiently numerous, have not only not been productive of real 
little variety in their types, nor do they good to the interests of mankind, but 
furnish many names of minters: the whether many of them may not justly 
workmanship of the rare specimen in be esteemed worse than useless. 
my own collection with the M. is fine In Mathematics, which may be pro- 
for the period, and unequalled by many perly reckoned the foundation ot all 
of a far later date. ^ purely human knowledge, and ihe 

I would add, in confirmation of my study of which was introduced into 
assertion, that we have several pennies our Universities to supersede the use 
really belonging to the Martyr, that of Aristotelian logic ; the great design 
on the reverse of most of those I con- was to form the. young minds of the 
sider as such, is an abbreviation of the students to a strict and more accurate 
word monetarius, which if I am not manner of deducing the effect from 
mistaken, is never used so late as the its cause. This is, |)erhaps, their first 
time of Edmund the sole monarch, and greatest use. But, when in place 
and consequently not at so recent a of the simplicity and , elegance of 
period as that of Edmund Ironside. the Grecian Geometricians — when iii 

Ethelstan is the next sovereign of place of the principia of the immortal 
this Kingdom whose coins have reach- Newton, the originality and sublimity 
ed us, and like those of Edmund, are of which has not been yet openly, 
found without the portrait only. All though secretly disputed — when m 
of these, excepting two types, have on place of these we see substituted the 
their obverse H, t. e, A. with the line jargon of a new Notation, the Doc- 
over it, forN, which it is needless per- trine of Variations, and the Calculus 
haps to remark, is the abbreviation of of the Series, as paramount to all that 
Anglorum. these illustrious predecessors have fur- 

No coins of the East Anglian King* nished their modern improvers with 
dom have yet been found with the por- ihecapability of producing. FormuL-c, 
trait, but as a recently discovered and no doubt, are of the utmost use in fa- 
unique penny of Eanred of North- cilitating arithmetical calculation, but 
umbria presents ns with the bust, they cannot properly be included among 
being the only one in that series, it is the real improvements of mathematical 
not improbable but that future re- science. It may truly be said of this 
searches may make up this deficiency branch of science, in the present day, 
in the coins of East Anglia. that, ** Muiti Mathematica sciunt, 

^ pauci Malhesin,** 

Mr. Urban, Kellinglon, Jan. 24. In Natural Philosophy and Chemis- 

MONG the numerous innovations try, we have several what are called 
of this innovating age, whether new improvements. We have im- 
in Science, in Natural and Mechanical proved Barometers and Thermometers, 
Philosophy, in Theolopr, in Meta- &c. ; we have Gas-lights, &c. In 
physics, or in Criticism, it must neces- Mechanical Philosophy we have Me- 
lanly strike the thinking and foresee- chanic^s Institutes; we have Steam- 
ing mind to reflect how comparatively boats, or rather Ships ; we have Canals 
few of the lately discoverea systems and Rail-ways in every part of the 
have either actually improved, or can kingdom. Some of these have been, 
be expected to be ultimately con-' and many may perhaps be found to be, 
elusive to promote the real interests of conducive to the interests of a Com- 
the several branches of knowledge, to mercial Nation like this : but whether 
the advancement of which their origi- they will all be so, or whether some 
nal projectors, without doubt, imagi^n- of them may not eventually fail, time 
ed they would eventually tend. Far alone must determine. We have popu- 
be it from me, in any way, to depre- lar treatises on almost every branch of 
ciate modern improvements. Many science, combined with no solid in- 
of them no doubt have been found, struction whatever. These are read, 
by experience, conducive, in the first or compelled to be read at school, and» 


aase.] On Iimoo<Ukm$ Im ih§ l^irai Sclmm, 119 

'm miglit natnrally be expected, are no inrbiteh has to long been admired, read, 

.toooer read than forgot, and' leave no and quoted bj all oar ancestor! of 

lastins toiprestion on the mind, whatever degree, and diiat innoTatioa 

Treatises on Mechanics, Astronomy, introduced solely to gratify a festidious 

2rc. ought always to be accompanied criticism. Much as I feel averse to 

with some solid illustrations and rea- introduce a new transIatioQ of the 

aonings to confirm and establish the Holy Scriptures into common use, I 

truth of the propositions which they do not say that I entirely disapprove of 

contain. Gunnery, it is perhaps im- it for other purposes, yet I am totally 

possible to obtain any adequate know- jeloctant to allow the least degree of 

ledge of, without a profound skill in merit to many publications which have 

cation and Architecture may be incul- expurgated editions of the Bible, in 

cated with less of scientific knowledge: which we are told that some of those 

^ut let it never be forgot that the Ca- details ^hich might possibly offend 

thedral of St. Paul, the boasted oma- the modesty of the youthful and uncor* 

ment of this country in point of Archi- rupted mind, are carefully omitted ; 

tecture, perhaps, had never arisen in but fastidious must that refinement be 

its present stupendous and elegant which would expunge the plain speak- 

form, under the nands of Sir C. Wren, ing language of Scripture in descnbing 

had he only been a practical designer the existing vices of mankind, or de« 

and architect, without being at the daring theur consequent punishment, 

same time one of the most consum- and wnich wishes to convey in milder 

mate mathematicians of the age in terms, and more suited perhaps to 

which he lived. courtlv ears, these horrid exhibitions 

In Meiaphtfiics, we have also, in and denunciations. Insecure must 
modem times, met with new disco- thatinnocence be, which depends upon 
veries. We have been told by some ignorance as itt safeguard, 
of our Northern Literati, that since the In the present day we also abound 
time of Locke a new source or inlet to with Abridgments of Locke, of Paley, 
our ideas has been experienced, mate- and almost every standard work of 
f iaUy different from sensation or reflec- eminence. These, it must be owned, 
tion. If such there be, let those who have their use. They certainly en- 
experience, enjoy them : and in grati- able a yonn^ Student with less trouble^ 
tuae for such benefits, let them en- and application in himself to obtain an 
deavourtoimpress upon those, if human Academical degree, or pass with more 
powers will allow it, whose sensations seeming credit the ordeal of an Arch- 
and reasonings are certainly more obtuse deacons examination: but do they 
than theirs. really tend to improve the mind ? Do 

In Theology t certainly a subject of they make the person who solely trusts 
the last and most vital consequences to to them for information, more of a 
mankind, as far as regards their tern- true Divine, or Moralist, than if he 
poral and eternal welfare, many dis- had never heard of the Authors, from 
putes have arisen concerning the pro- whose more elaborate labours and re- 
priety or impropriety of a new version searches they were abridged ? An in- 
of the Holy Scriptures. This cjuestion stance once fell under my own imme- 
has been more particularly agitated in diate observation to fully shew the fu- 
the present day. It has been sup- tility of such superficial reading. A 
ported and opposed by men equally man highly eraauated in one of our 
famous for their learning, their assi- Univenities, neing asked upon a sub- 
duity, their religion, ana their piety, sequent but immediately following ex- 
But when no material advantage is to amination to explain a proposition in 
be gained, when the real meaning of the Principia of Newton, did it so in 
the sacred Text is still to remain un- his way, but upon it again being en- 
altered, as confessedly upon the whole quired from whence he had that il- 
it must be, I should feel exceedingly lustration, innocently answered from a 
scrupulous, Mr. Urban, in sanctioning Manuscript (a species of Compendium 
the introduction of a new translation, in frecjuent use in the University at 
however conducted by integrity and that time), knowing as little of the 
ulent, in opposition to the venion real principles of the Newtonian Phi- 

190 JUiBr4Uion9 in the Hofy Scriphtrei deprecated. [Feb. 

kwopby, or the accurate xeasony upon mary way. I trow not Benrtley, tho' 
•Which it was foundedj as if that il- mostly considered as a slashing Critic, 
Jiustrious Author had never existed. has not generally dared to do it. This 
We have expuraated editions of edition of the Grreek Testament is 
Horace, of Juvenal, and Persius,— - good in itself. The notes are instruc- 
and, I dare say, several, upon the same tive and valuable : and it is, more- 
plan, of Lucretius; — ^wenave Family over, particularly recommended by a 
-dhakspeares, — we have abridgments learned Prelate to the notice of those 
of Lord Chesterfield's Letters to his who are Candidates for Holy Orders 
•Son. Some of these may, perhaps, within his Diocese. Every one knows 
be deserving of less censure. They that in Hebrew, upon which the Greek 
were compiled and published, I make of the New Testament is chiefly form- 
no doubt, with the best design. They ed, there are expletives, or superfluous 
were meant to enable us to submit, particles, which in that tongue may 
and even recommend, to the perusal of possibly have their graces, or at least 
the young, these lasting monuments of may possibly not be so disagreeable 
human genius, — these incomparably as in ours. The Treatise of the late 
interesting pictures of the human Granville Sharp, on the *' Uses of 
mind, and the effects of human pas- the Definitive Article in the Greek 
sion. Unproductive must that vo- Text of the New Testament,'* and 
lume indeed be, from which nothing the additional confirmations of that 
good can possibly be culled. But doctrine by quotations from the an- 
still I cannot discover in abrid^ents cient Fathers of the Church, as well 
that momentous use, which their com- as from Greek authors of that time, 
pliers pretend on many occasions, that by Dr. Wordsworth, the present wor- 
they are adapted to produce. When thy master of Trinity College, Cam- 
they are proposed to prevent the ju- bridge, sufRciently shew how guard- 
venile mind trom being infected with ed we ought to be of the least change 
^proper impressions, 1 am afraid in the Sacred Text. These last warn 
that but too often they tend only to us to be careful in matters of the most 
direct the inquisitive how to find them vital importance. The innovations in 
with the greater facility. the late edition of the Greek Testa- 
' Whatever opinion, Mr. Urban, may roent are, perhaps, more the subject 
be formed upon the justness or im- of Criticism, than objects of any real 

fropriety of these propositions which import in explaining the passages of 

have dared to submit to your read- Sacred Writ. Innocent and unim- 

ere ; there is one, in the truth of portant as they are, however, with 

which 1 feel fully convinced : that no respect to the real interpretation of 

alteration whatever should be allowed Scripture, they might, witn more pro- 

in the authorised Text of the Old and priety, have been confined to marginal 

New Testament (I mean in their ori- readings. 

sinal languages) without the most so- Averse as I may be to the intro- 
Ud ground of change. Various read- duction of emendations, or interpo- 
ings, we know, abound : but let them lations introduced into the Text of the 
not, by any means, be substituted in Holy Scriptures : and reluctant as 1 
the Text. In a lately revived edition may feel to sanction any Abridgments, 
gf the Greek Testament, accompanied or expurgated copies of them, except 
with classical and explanatory notes, for the more easy comprehension of 
t was very much surprised to find the them by very juvenile minds: yet there 
marginal reading so often introduced is one alteration which I would vcn- 
into the Text, to which a Latin note ture to suggest as a real improvement, 
was subjoined at the bottom of the as well to the more accurate and im- 
page, — lectio vulgata certe est delen» pressive reading in public, as to the 
da, without the addition of any au- contributing materially to facilitate the 
thority. Would BerUley, would Por^ understanding of the Sacred Volume; 
jpn, whose scrupulosity in this J^rti- I mean, Mr. Urban, a change in the 
cular, especially in the sacred Text, usual divisions into chapters and verses, 
was passing strange ; — would the for- The ancients were accustomed to write 
mer nave published his corrected edi- or indite their composures without a 
lion of Horace, or the latter his edi- breaking off between every word : nei- 
tions of the Plays of Euripedes, and ther did they divide them into sec- 
made emendations in the same sum- tions» chapters, or verses. Tbes^ per- 




hapi,. to «f may hM tbeir fM^ iat deh. Tliete ilikkj lUeUt^t dP'#«M% 

ibe purpose of easier fefetetice in quo* might chbte «> . kii bvtm 4ii^rbtbfiv 

tation. Witiiout liiem^ men would without ejtpfcm' Iccfte ifofn UieAB^ 

sot so easily be led into auy mistakes sliop $ and t^wy wcfe ' to ■ bei^mAtl*- 

by a wrong' punctuation. It: is no^ taiiied by th« Incumbeoti/ iii4o«gife 

weU-known who was the author of them their title, if they weie .Bo|v«j|^ 

the dtstinctLons into. cAap<^f. It seems dained before; 4nd these- wele oaitttd 

to have taken place sometime in the Chaplains, Parith Viean* md l^ysiijjk 

13th century. The distribution intQ Pmiftf (for it does not?amAr'tMat:it^, 

tjerses was introduced in the l6th cetif- ^ombents erer were soiilaUed). '.IhifA 

Vary by B. Stephens, asjv^e sire told' by were many altars iik most Ci>i ii,H w|^ 

H, Stephens his son. The confusion 
arising from the common puntstoation, 
occurs" very forcibly in the beginning 
of the 9th chapter of the Gospel ac- 
cording to St. Matthew. Jesus said to 
a certam paralytic : " Son, be of goo<l 
courage, thy sins be forgiven thee/^ 
Upon which speech the Scribes and 
Pharisees accused him of blasphemy, 
in professing to forgive sins on earth. 
In answer to which, Jesus replies: 
" whether is it easier to say, thy sins 
be forgiven thee, or to say, arise and 
walk ?'* (which latter mode of expres- 
sion they, perhaps, would not nave 
objected to, having so often seen him 
exert it in the same miraculous way) ^ 

-" but (continues he) that ye may know time, of gwtn^ ClieM oertatkt<Y6«l-'ititlji# 
that the Son of Man hath pow^r on: Snndayrand «iipcdiaUy; aet ihd ymjf 

end the bosiness of these CIciriCB Wtt 
to^nymadstp for the sdeadi snldftojalil: 
with the Incumbent ;iti 'leheaiiifli^ 
iht hifuts of tk9 Brm»y' m: khit 
Church, especially on Festivfds;.)' Ant 
it seems necessary that tlviire should 
have been as many in iaferiot t>rMl 
to attend those in the joperiliry whiii 
they were celcbmtiog; 'Aod'ter^ 
one wonder how tlwse wete.<aMkH 
tained, since it' appetrt ..that Im^M 
had only the office of emylngKliit 
Ad/y*ffa/«r> was thereby pnoiriaedifte 
good livelihood by.the altMKdf^Jflli 
people^ whtcfa if thqr witbhlAdyiAwf 
were censwed^-'Andjift 80tii»«>MM 
tom was growing' Mp-'in 'lHfHis0MHi 

earth to forgive sins." The meaning festivaus^and socnie'sUeo^ of;46NpM 
of Christ's reply clearly ends here/ U^ harvests it wa$ anffiofeol ilbit ^ Aty 

the middle ot the 6tti verse, andnolj who thps attfn/ked the .J^lKsMnallad 

at the end of the 5th, as in every Edi« taken any of the M^jeripr orders, or if 

tion, Translation, and Commentary they were but JPfa/bM^f, and . |pad, the 

which I have seen. This is one out 0/ prima tctnsura, ctf whom the C&ni^Hnts 

the numerous instances which might sometinies dispute whether thi^ rtiimt 

be produced, both in the Old and ^^w be called Clerks or not.' Ifioth w%«l 

Testament, to shew the intricacy which has been said, it seemd evident^ thai 

is thus introduced into the Sacred before, and at th^ be^n^tfg Of'^e 

Text by this injudicious division of it Reformation, there were setre^ pttA 

into chapters and verses. The chief sons to attend the In<$nmbeikt in {^N 

difficulty in understanding St. Paul's forming Divine ofiiees— ^peciaHV ijRt 

IH' In 

inimitable Epistle to the Romans, per- 
haps originates in this source. 
Yours, &c. Omicroit. 

Mr.IJRBAir, Fel), 1^. 

TH£ following observations on the 
origin of the oflfice of Parish 
Clerk, have been collected in the course 
of my lucubrations. 

There were of old, several Clergy- 
men belonging to all Churches (that 
were not extremely poor) besides the 
Incumbent, and all of them were un- 

larger parishes, as there are^ stil 
Cathedral and . Collegiate Chureh^/ 
and these were all called Cl^rl;#^ 
though they were nor in ordeM, al 
least not all of them ;. of these, lihail 
Rubric is, I suppose, to ht ondeff- 
stood in the Burial offices, yit. iM 
Priest and Clerk meeting the edtpiif,^ 
Wc, In some choirs those siogiqg- 
men who read the first Lesjsbn ajre^ 
called Lay-Clerks (a coutradictocy, 
name); it is not to be doubtef!, buCt, 
before the BefornuUioB iliey were* in. 

der the inspection and care of the In* some of the inferior orders,. PsakiitUi 

cumbent, or his representative, who 
on this^' account was stiled a Pre-- 
late. Greater Rectories were to have 
three, or two at least, in Priest*s Or- 
Gamp. Mao. February, 1836. 

or Lectors at least; of this sort pnM 
bably wese those,, who^ »fe^ and ksito^ 
long since been C9\kd Parish €iei^' 
whereof now there is^ b«rt 6A€.iA ti' 
parish. By the IQth Canon> the Iir>:' 

129 Earl^ prinled Almanaek, 1559. [Feb. 

.atmbent haa the choice of the Pa- bable that many of yoor readers have 

risk Cltrky as he formerly had of the seen this Old Almanack^ I presame» 

JlquabqjiUMs. Biit as the people of Mr. Urban, a concise description c^* 

oldy in some places, disputed this rieht it may not he unwelcome. It com- 

•with their Rectors and Vicars, so tney prises sixteen pages in middling size 

bave of late years ; and it has been qaarto, and is printed with very neat 

aeveral tiroes adjudged, that where the roman long primer type : the title is 

^^l ^7V ?k'T ""^ ''^"""^. '\f Calendar Historical. 

JPantk Clerk, the Canon cannot alter _,-. . . . , , 

it, add that the Ordinary cannot de- Wherein is contained an easie decla- 

pthe the Parish Clerk, though he "^^o^ of the golden nombre. Of 

may censure and excommunicate him ^**e Epacte. Of the indiction Ro- 

lor any foult j but they only who put ?^»»«- Also of the Cycle of the 

him in can deprive him. P^n^^' and the cause why U was 

Parish Clerks, after having been cho- mventcd. By John Crispin, IbCg. 

tea or approved of by the Minister, It begins with a Preface to the 

ihould be licensed by the Ordinary, and R^der, after which are nine distinct 

then sue for their dues in the Eccle- articles, viz. 

•iftsttcal Courts. To have served the i. Pronostrcation m general, 

place a jcompetent time without ob* 2, Peace and Plentie. 

jcotion, b suflScicnt without a licence. 3. Warr, Plague, and Famine. 

When a Parish Clark is licenced, he is 4. The Goklen Nombre. 

•worn to obey the Minister. So that 5. To Finde the Epacte. 

that all the old Parish Priests and Clerks g. Th' indecation Romaine. 

took an oath of obedience to the Rec- 7. The Cycle of the Sunne. 

tof And Vicar of the Church. So they s. Rule Perpetual. 

that officiate in any Chapel of Ease, do g. Latter Days. 

(Or at leatt should) s^vear obedience to Th«.w» r^iu„.. a «»..... ^^r^^ «f *u 

U^coa.bent of ^th. Mother Church. vSrwlirTfro'm'r^Sioi: a 

Oubw. Whrt arc th« le^l requisites ^ ;, „„„„,^ . Dr. M. Luther; Lnd 

tS^^ ^*^ ^fe'H^" '?e''^ *° n«t a Table 0^85 years, from 1570 to 

»ote for Members of ParhamentI ,934, Afterwards follows the Alma- 

Yours, See. Father Paul. nack at large, in the which are intro- 

^ .1 duced interesting anecdotes, but no 

Mr. Urbak, Exeter, Jan. 6. fault's days, and oi|ly one Holiday, vis. 

XX of the present times, are the ele- i?««k .«^«*k u •* n- 

gant and anaS»l Pocket Ifeoks and Al- .„„ ±I!3'^'^f '.".'CfT'.f ^"" 

manacks which at this season of the i^^.^^S J^.il ' •"'"''?**" '^' "** 

^ ..* I 1 !_•■• 1 . son: and wUicn IS described. VIZ. 

year are particularly exhibited to our aa *.i.aviiw«,«, c/»*. 

ootice; and many of them embellish- (Names of the Pictures), 

ed with most splendid engraving. Januarib. This moneth figureth the 

This decorating of Almanacks with death of the bodie. 

pictures has been very common for Februarib. This moneth hedges are 

the last 85 years*, thoueh by no means closed. 

• modem invention, tor I have one Marche. Sowe barly and podware. 

BOW before me, S57 years old, printed April. Leade the flockes to field. 

for the use of the English people at Ma ye. Walke the living fieldes, 

Geneva^ 1569, illustrated with supe- June. Sheare the shepe. 

rior wood-cuts ; and as it is not pro- Julie. Make haye. 

— T-- 7; r— — 7— — ;; — ^ AuGUSTB. Reape come. 

•A ratpectablc wholesale bookseUer of Sbftbmber. Time of vindage. 

London, about a yesr .go, ventured to «n*. October. Tille the ground?, 

nuncture stxty tkousand annnal Pocket vr^„_»,„„„ rpi /-Sj 1 u 

Book. »>d AlmwMKik., which he got done Novbmbrb. The fieldes make hevy 

np in vitrion. binding., Md wnt% com- ^«*^«'^- ^. 

niMion in every direction in the United t)?CEMBRE. Thismoncthkeepethmca 

Kingdom j liowever, it turned out, that he '" house. 

over*.bot bis mark in the speculation, a. '^^ last page is occupied with a 

to thouMuul were returned, and the pie- general List ot Fairs, with a title of 

tursfl were ultimately taken out and sold for ** Fairea in Fraunce and elswherc.*' 

•erap boob. Yours, &c. Shirlbt Woolmbr. 

ISW.] rbntbiU JUMa^St. SUphm't Chaptl, H'uUiiintIa: 



FonxaiLL AB8»t IN RuiHB. Tlmi, afier a ihorl duralion of 30 

JLACES, n» well ■> men, cipc- vcars, tills cojily fitrjck, which had lo 
rieucc ihc Ticiuiiudc* of toe- '°°g oxciied ihe alleotion and curio- 
at, and a pariiculnrlv sad faialiij "''y o( ihs public, became one liuga 
em* tohaie»llendcil FoKTHiLLj for miiwof ruinu but the recollection of 
will be for ever |ire«crved bv ihe 

of the MGRvrifaiid Cottikgi 
millet, wt(c coiuumed by fire: 
• liird aroie from their aahes, iat ex- 
cocdJDg in ipkodoui and comroil 

: this all 
niplcic dilapida- 

ciilici of tlic fatract 

(loomed to sufTei a cc 

lion i for only one i 

taclied oHicn now tenuina. 

At tbit period, ao 170. the foun- 
dation! of (he far-famed Abbey were 
laid on an elevated and commanding 
situaiion, far distant fioni the former 
uuiiiiioni; and about the year 1807 
it wai inhabited by Mr. Bcckford, 
when the raalerialiollbe splendid mnu- 
lion erected by hii fjthcr. Alderman 
Brckford, were contigned to the haiu- 
mer. The esleniive demesnes around 
ibc Abbey were enclosed by a wall, 
and for mauv years ail entrance to 
tiiem was tor bidden most ■tricilj. 
But in the year 18S2 the gates were 
at length ihiown open, and publl 
carinwiy ' -■'■■■- 

one returned 
nperknced thi 

Vet long before the sad event of the 
downfall of the lofty turret (wh: 
happened on the Silt of December 
1«»), ill ultimate fdte was freiguenlly 
predicted; for the foundation was not 
lufficieuily strong fill the hei '' '' ~ 

y WM eompeienilv ul.sfied by chaplain of ihe HouU of Co, 

of th.." fairy palace; 'for no „nd by one of the BishoiB 

umed from it wiihoot having »/,„«■ of t^r.l.. dnr, nm m 
iighesi gi 

being fuHy aware of ii 
fate, had (cmovcd 

I habitant*, 


the northern 

worLs of BocKLER *, 
TOM, and RuTTBB, when in its days of 
glory : and we shall very shortly ha»e 
3 correct view of it, in its present rui- 
nous suie, by Mr. Buckler, to cor- 
respond in size wilb his two former 
large views. 

•' Sic Inuiit glorU fbnlhia," 
Vours, &C. ^ H. 

Mr.UniiAi., ExctcT, Feb.3. 

YOUR Correspondent ColoMbl 
MArt)OH*LD, in reply to my 
communication in your Magazine of 
December, p. bOb, has thought fit to 
address a Idler to the Editor of 
"The Exeter and Plymouth Gazette," 
(which ought lather to have appeared 
in your Miscellany,) wherein he de- 
nies ihat the Chapel of St. Stephen In 
Westminsier is a ProteilanI Ctiapel ! 

If, however, the service of the 
Church of EngUnil, performed by the 
" Commons, 
, .1 the 
of Lords, docs i 
a pToleslant Chapel, 1 should be glad 
to know, and it is incumbent on the 
Colonel lo explain, what it is itiat 
rfa/i!^ d > s (in gui she s a Prot es tan I Ch u reh 
from oihcr places of public worthip I 
If the Chapel of Si. Stephen is not a 
Prolettant Vhapcl, o ' " 
the Cathed " ' " 
Church t 

even allowing that your Cor- 

•■«., ■•_• ».uiu'^i. low ...- ..-.™-.- respondenl were able to prove that bL 
■jputOMnU, which escaped without Stephen', is « Catholic dhapel, he will 
"•SIS''- , , . . then have incurred the task of explain- 

Tbe fignre of the patron 
tony, over the western portal, as well 
>• the auiite of Alderman Beckford, 
which was placed in a recess on the 
nonbcrn wall, escaped unhurt. I'he 
painted windows are all laki 

ing the aaomaly of ■ Protestant Bishop 
in the Upper Houm, and a regular 
Clergyman of the Established Church 
in the Lower House, performing the 
service of the Lilui^, and ofTeriaa uu 
ihe prayers and thaukwivings o 

and the organ, Stc. ic. are removing RepU,„talive,^ a ^oUtlanl Na- 

"•iv I j_i . k t™ I- '•™' "• t^« Throne of Grace, in . 

The landed properly has been d- Catholic Chap- ' 

Tided. Mr. Benell. W.P. has pur- ^h suppoMd 

chased the Abbey and ils walled in' 
clware, &c. i Mr. Mortlmei the lowei 

grounds, wheie he is building a cloib- f^^ , ^^ [^ (■„, (;^^^„ dj^u„i 

null. Tillage, and mansion. Others L 

lim bo^Bnt pam of the landed pro- « S« ■ 

DeiecTotioit'' of 

this Chapel by the Members of par- 

" totaring their Aoit," might 


« of FoaduU Abbey, ia val. 

M4 d^couniof9l^jliUel,C(MmwalL' [Feb. 

but oi> thi preatot tttbject pf tho al- been eridently more r^ntly built 

Icgci ''Impropriety in the Exeter Ca- than the North aile, has a window in 

tiiadrel^ as also in that of " the Crea- the eastern end, producing a fine light: 

tMm of the Stars;*' and of the true in the middle of its arch are the arms 

meanine of the terra " Void," in Gre- of Prior Vyvyan, the last Prior of Bod- 

nesis^ I consider myself truly un for- min but one; in the present Church 

tanatc in my Correspondence with the of that place, his tomb^ inclosing his 

Colonel, — never coming to ar^oindre J bones, stands on the North side of the 

Yours, &c. ExoNiENSis. ^l^^^- The shield of his arms is orle 

i ^ rurpure, mclosmg Or three lions 

^ naissant, chevron with three annu- 

• Mr. Urbak, • -^«»^^ry-*«^^ ^<>^- lets, and three hirundines in chief, 

wall, Jan, 18. and a splendid mitre Yor a crest, beau- 

THE Parish of Withiel, in the tifully painted on glass. 
Deanery of Pydar, in the County He was a mitred Prior, and on his 
of Cornwall, is^ftiluate five miles to the death gave this Rectory, with a very 
West of Bodmin, in a very delightful fine manor of land of the same name, 
T^Ie, on the northern side of the great to the antient family of the Vyvyans 
western road; contains 2517 acres of of Trelowarren in this county, of 
]ao4, 63 houses, and about 300 inha- which family he was a branch. The 
bitants. It is one of those favoured jurisdiction of this Priory had ex* 
spots frequently found ia Cornwall be- tensive powers, those of returning the 
tween its hills, fertile and abounding Representatives of the Borough of 
in wood and brooks; the latter af- Bodmin to Parliament, of putting of- 
fordipg the most delightful trout and fenders into the pillory, and of life 
pealy and form a retreat to salmon to and death. It was richly endowed, and 
shed their spawn > which in proper enabled its possessors to live in great 
^ason seek the Ocean, and there at- dignity and splendour. Exclusive of 
tain maturity. the Withiel Parsonage, which was 
The Tower is built of Cornish gra- private property. Prior Vyvyan had 
6ite, and stands prominent in the the handsome seat of Rialton, the 
scene^ and is a very fine structure, property of the Priory, with an an- 
100 feet high, turfeted with four nexed manor of the same name ; 
pinnacles of 18 feet,* each bearing which at the dissolution of the House 
on the top a crown, surmounted fell to the Crown. There is much 
by the cross ; there is a ring of fire reason to presume that the Prior 
bells in it, hung upon a large cross- spent much of his time at both re- 
beam of oak, bearing the date of 1518, sidences, to enjoy the country air, to 
which denotes the time of its erection, dismiss care, and the incumbent du- 
The Church, which is comparatively ties of his cloister. A room in the 
low, and appears diminutive by it, is old Parsonaze at Withiel was always 
entered by a descending flight of steps, denominated the Prior*s room ; it was 
and consists of two ailes ; to which a ornamented with fluted wainscoat ; 
pent-house ailc is attached on the each wiurlow of the apartment bore 
North, running half the length of the his arms, which on the pulling down 
liave down the chancel ; formerly rail- the old Parsonage to erect a new one, 
i^ off, and formed, as I conceive, the (which was built five years ago by the 
confessional. This being a style of late Sir Vyeil Vyvyan, hart, a gentlo- 
Chnrch architecture very antient, and man of smgular worth, honour, and 
unique in this county. The Church probity, whose son, the present Sir 
itself has lately undergone com- K. R. Vyvyan, has lately been elected, 
plete repair, uuder the superintend- on the cleath of Sir William Lemon, 
ance of the present Rector, who found hart, to be one of the Representatives 
it a ruin, but will leave it an edifice of Cornwall,) were put into the win- 
neat and commodious. There are dows of the elegant chapel at Tre- 
only two monuments in this Church, lowarren, which has likewise been re- 
which are placed on each side of the paired, but received a high finish from 
altar, the one in memory of a Rector the same liberal hand, 
of the name of Truveo^ the other of The land immediately in the vici- 
tbe iniant daughter of the present In- nity of the Parsonage is very hilly, and 
cumbent. Tne South ailc, which has evidently exhibits signs of the force •{ 



Aectfim^ ef Wfihkl; OrnwaiU. 


the subsidence df the waters &t the 
flood, which formed several deep ra* 
vines at ri^ht angles to the main vale, 
which carried .the water to the sea. 
In several stages of its fall it deposited 
large masses of the red and black bas- 
tard porphyry, some three or four tons 
in a mass; which were dropped in 
some of the angles of the current, and 
there left, polished as stones of hard 
texture exposed t6 a heavy current of 
water in our rivers. They are so ex- 
cessively hard that the best tempered 
, mason's tools will scarcely work them: 
they receive, nevertheless, a fine |)0- 
lish, and make very handsome chimney 
jambs. Stream tin abounds in this pa- 
rish, and there is great probability the 
Phoeniceans or Jews streamed many 
of our \niles in pursuit of this metal. 
What renders this highly probable is, 
the places where they smelted these 
ores are still discoverable, being near 
woods, for the convenience of char- 
coal ; where were constructed rude 
kilns, something, it is probable, re- 
sembling the blast furnaces, for fusing 
iron ore, now used in Wales. Being 
destitute of machinery, or any thing 
at all resembling stamping-mills iu 
modern use, tinners in those days 
were reduced to use a mortar, which 
was no other than a post of red jsas- 
tard porphyry of the above description, 
of three feet Ions, iu its rude state, 
with three conical perforations, which 
will hold about a quart or two of 
water each ; the trituration was per- 
formed with a pebble, it is likely of 
the same hard material, which re- 
duced it to a proper consistence for 
burning; in this state it was roasted, 
to rid It of its mineral combinations, 
and afterwards it was smelted. 

There exists the remains of a Jew's 
house, to use its popular designation, 
formerly used in this process, on a 
I farm in this parish, called Landjew, 
or the Land of the Jew, such desig- 
nations bein^ by no means arbitrary; 
names of mmes at the present day 
arising from such circumstances. We 
have one called BuUen Garden, Bullen 
in Cornish signifying plum, where 
the same mine stands on a spot, where 
there was once a plum garden. Another 
called Cook's kitchen, from the cir- 
cumstance of a man of the name of 
Cook living on the spot where this 
ininc commenced. Nay, the great 

mart of our traiSe in (^omwatl i(i, those 
days received its detngQatidn from 
being the pkce where wc disposed of 
our tin to the Phoenicians 'or Jews, 
being called Marazion, the Af arket of 
Zion, or its more popular desig^ittioii 
of the Market Jew, or Jew's Market, 
&o. &c. ^ • 

The soil of this parish is very rich, 
producing fine corn, apd excellent pas- 
turage, and good cider. The manners 
of the people are very primitive and 
shtiple, their habtts jndastrioiis. Tbcr 
man of the greatest codseqoence i» 
the Clergyman ; in the next degree 
are substantial yeomen ; the remainder 
being labourers who are too wise to 
be idle, and where there is no idfe- 
ness, there is no poverty nor crime, 
and consequently little or ' no poot'i 
rate, which constitutes the main hap- 
piness of this little parish. 

The Register of this Parish is well 
kept ; it is dated as far back as 1567* 
I subioin the entry of the baptism of 
the eldest of son of our Combh pa- 
triot Sir Beville Granville : 

** Richardtts, . Beville Graavile armigeri 
prlmogenttus, apud Tremeer in parcecia de 
Lanteglos juxta Foye [Fowey] natus 191^. 
Martii, anno Dom. l6*30, pr marum Ni- 
cholaum Hares *, tunc ibi Vieaiium, 95t» 
Martii sequente ana. 1621 stilo veteri in- 
eipiente baptizatos fuit, anno regni iteis 
. Jacobi Ang. Francin et Hiber. 18^0;— >noe 
testator avus Bemandus Grenvile, ' Eqnes 

The annexed is supposed to b^ a 
correct list of the Rectors from the 
year l6l5. 

John Glanville, lCl5. 

John Edgecombe, A.M. l639. 

Will. WTshart. A.M. 1639. 

The Rector of Withiel was super- 
seded during the Commonwealth, and 
Thomas Williams appointed R^tstrar 
for this Parish for Marriages, Births, 
and Burials, according to the Act of 
Parliament of the 4th of Aug. Id52, 
by Richard Carter, one of the Justices 
at St. Columb, which sequestration 
continued till the year 1660, when it 
is supposed Henry Fronock was Rec- 
tor in 1667* 

* Or Hatch. The simame is dlffieuls 
to be read, being in part obliterated. 

i* Bernard Grenvile lived, it is supposed, 
at Brina in Withiel at that time, as the 
above estate belonged then to that fiuBily. 



on Rail Roods. 


Will. Wood, 17 IS, Rector. 
JohnTruren, 17S3. 
Will. Robinson, 1742. 
Chas. Vyvyan, 1761. 
Henry Vyvyan, 1 765. 
Will. Robinson, 1795. 
The present Incumbent, 1818.. 
Yours, &c. W. 

Gray or RAiL-wAVf. 

fContmuedfrom to!, zcy. li. p. 818.) 

Mr. Urbav, Noitingham, Feb. I. 

UNLESS the Nation, generally, 
take the same interest in this 
scheme as myself, it cannot be expect- 
ed that any tning will be done towards 
Its adoption on proper principles. 
However much individuals may exert 
themselves, little can be accomplished 
by them in national improvements; 
the stimulating power and influence 
of Governments are necessarily required 
to give effect to all works of public 
utility, but we have to deplore the 
want of this energy on the part of Mi- 
nisters, to promote the praiseworthy 
exertions of individuals. 

The centuries which have rolled 
away " amid the din of wars and clash 
of arms," have left but slight marks of 
any approach to civilization. The 
spoils and conquests of warriors, the 
toys of African as well as European 
x>nnces, are disgraceful monuments of 
buman folly at the expence of all in- 
ternal improvements at home. Wit- 
i^ess Spain with South America, Por- 
tugal with the Brazils. History affords 
but too many melancholy proofs of the 
ignorance ot statesmen in all countries 
and in all ages. Ambition and mis- 
rule have worked their national as well as 
natural consequences, wretchedness and 
poverty, in every kingdom of Europe. 

A wise cultivation of national great- 
ness should have its source in the 
impartial protection and encourage- 
ment of individual prosperity and secu- 
rity ; and in proportion as these have 
been promoted, so is the relative posi- 
tion of each country. 

Let those who hesitate at the sum of 
money required for the establishment 
of my plan, consider what we are now 
annualijf pay ins for our boasted con- 
veyances, and tney will then find that 
one single year*s expenditure on the 
present multiplied modes of communi- 
cation would defray the total expence 
4»f the construction of a General Iron 

Rail-way. Through ignorance or de- 
sign, our civil Engineers are following 
a course, which, although unprofitable 
to the community, cannot fail to answer 
their interest, as from every palpable 
error they commit, theystilliiraw upon 
the credulity and folly of the publick, 
who praise and pay them for their 
bungling works. I woncjer whai 
canal shareholders now think of these 
gentlemen, and the holders of Rail- 
way shares will shortly be in the same 
predicament, if they do not insist upon 
having their roads laid out in direct 
lines and perfect levels; surely they 
cannot remain long ignorant that this 
is the only method to render them 
secure from competition, and also to 
zive them much quicker returns day 
by day. The Companies should direct 
tneir Engineers to follow this course ; 
all that can be required or even ex- 
pected of an Engineer or Surveyor, is 
merely to draw up the lines and super- 
intend the construction of the work ;— • 
if each Company should follow the 
whims and fancies of their respective 
Engineers, what a delightful variety of 
railways we shall have ! what a display 
of science and skill ! ! 

As there appears a disposition to 
establish inclined planes with stuiionary 
steam-engines, rather than incur the 
expence of levelling the whole line, it 
becomes my duty to offer a few remarks 
for public consiaeration, in opposition 
to this course, which would multiply 
the number of Steam-engines in an 
excessive degree. The Steam-engines 
likely to be required by the adoption 
of inclined planes, would, if converted 
into Locomotive Engines, very shortly 
defray the expence of levelling the 
roads in every direction. The question 
is not what the Sutionary Engine may 
do as an auxiliary, but how much 
more effective the power when em- 
ployed as a Locomotive Engine? 
Moreover, the number of Stationary 
Engines required, should inclined planes 
be resorted to, would perhaps be suffi- 
cient, if converted into Locomotive 
Engines, for the commerce of the 
country. My incessant application to 
this subject for a series ot years (and 
after consulting almost every work 
written upon it), gives me confidence 
to forewarn the Companies aeainst 
every deviation from the perfectly direct 
and level line. I am persuaded^ in 
my own mind, that no Engineer who 

1896.] Mr. Gray ihi SaU Soadb^ 1^ 

understands the subject, would recom*- f«flcettoii of my ocmiltryiffeny wlior«m 

mend any other coufse, on lines of unbiassed by party feeling, in order to 

communication where the business or carry coDTictioti dome to every maii*« 

intercourse demands at all the adoption Jtre-tidt* Ignorant persons in the Me^ 

of a Rail-way. tropolis suppose thtt coals aYe imcm* 

By the association of the " I^ndon iorthf dearer there than in othe^ lam 
and Northern," and ''Grand June- towns. The veiy reirerso would £• 
tion RaiUroad Companies," to form the case; were truth allowed to luMro 
one united Company, under the title its proper influence ; for then ererf 
of " London and Edinburgh Grand encouragement would be giyen to free 
Trunk Rail-way Company," the in* competition in every trade, and coel 
terest of the shareholders in the aboye- would be sold generally under twenty 
mentioned Companies would be greatly shillings per chaldron m the City of 
promoted. This Grand Trunk should London, where most likelj it is now 
run in a perfectly level and direct line, fetching nearly sixty shilhn^s I The 
The vast traffic which might be drawn parade of Charitable institutions Will 
into thischannel, throughout the whole appear in their proper li^ht when 
extent, is so obvious, as to render a contrasted with the impositions levied 
deuil thereof quite unnecessary. The upon the poor inhabitants of the 
whole of the Scotch trade, the coal Metropolis on every article of do- 
trade of the Nerth, and all the inland mestic consumption; but in none ii 
collieries, the corn trade, the manu- it more apparent than that of coal. 
factures from the numerous districts Nothing shews more plainly the total 
through which the Grand Trunk might disregard to economy than the ctr-» 
either pass or be immediately connected cuitous routes adopted for supplying 
by branches, could not fail to render the capital with daily food— it draw* 
the undertaking nationally important, its supply of coal also from a distance 
and far more lucrative to the sub* of four hundred miles, rather than ea* 
scribers than the plans now in contem- courage the mines within one hundred I 
plation. £very shareholder is so im- The Collier may, perhaps, average o 
mediately concerned in the proper con- voyage a month, whilst tne Locomo- 
struction and direction of Rail-ways, tive Engine would perform the same 
on the first introduction of this plan, in one week with the same cargo f 
thac these remarks ought to rouse his making an annual return of 5S jour* 
attention to the most impartial scrutiny neys in lieu of 12 voyages, 
into every branch connected with it. if the publick could be persnadied 

The Corporation of London has long to think seriously, and it is both their 

drawn an immense revenue from the interest and duty to do so, they must ' 

Colliers which enter the Thames, and allow that one system embracing every 

consequently, it must be expected that convenience, is far more likely to be 

every exertion will be made to retain beneficial to Shareholders, than the 

their local customs; but now that diffusion of capital on different systems, 

the population is so greatly increased, as the annual revenue is consequently 

the mterest of those who have no feel- divided amongst several establishment^ 

ing in the Corporation is at least para- instead of being collected by one onUf. 

mount, and as the question must Were the Canal proprietors, and those 

shortly be discussed, the general in- who have invested money in our road- 

terest of the inhabitants will no doubt trusts, alive to their own interests and 

weigh considerably in favour of my that of their children, they would 

plan, it is only on the broad principle hasten to secure shares in Railway 

of truth and justice that I wish to see Companies ; for as the best system of 

this matter fairly and publicly argued, conveyance must inevitably prevail. 

If any individuals can be found, who the opposition of any class, however 

have the hardihood to support the ex- weighty or considerable, will of coarse 

elusive customs of Corporations at the eventually fall to the ground, 
expence of the whole population of a Those who have done well with Co* 

country, then indeed will it be useless nals, may still continue to do well 

to proceed on this subject ; but if the with Rail-roads ; and those who do 

inhabitants of London can be supplied not take this timely advice, must not 

with coal and all the necessaries of life fret against the publick, but censiice 

at a considerably diminished price, it their own stupiaity. If the several 

is only requisite to appeal to the sober modes of conveyance were united under 

138 DefinUhn of theSerm ** Gmlkman: ' ^ [Fel?. 

ooe head, iIm ReYeatie wtmld Ve Ibt blood Co be the grii]vison.>— Every |)err 
creased threefold; whereas if they son bearing his Majesty's Commi5sion» 
each obstioatelj persist in supporting has thereby participated in his royal 
only their own system, they of course lavpur« and whether he be in or out 
injure all. The Revenue from Canals of trade, is entitled to all the privileges 
and Roads will continue the same^ of a Gentleman. — It is to be regreued 
nay, perhaps, it may be considerably that the y jus scuti,*' although origi. 
augmented by the conveyance of ma^* nally an indispensible jfgn of geotility, 
terials for . the construction of Rail- should of late years have been so' ex- 
ways, but when these shall once begin tensively disregarded. As a register of 
to be worked regularly, the revenue merit and distinction, it was a whole- 
will undoubtedly be reaped by the some regulation, and like the "jus 
roost perfect system. I should hope imaginum*' of the Romans, was tlie 
the Canal proprietors and those inte- means of distinguishing the " Gentilis 
rested in the Road trusts, will perceive homo." The boundaries, however, of 
that when their present sources of gentility, personally considered^ are 
wealth shall he dried up, they may very extended, as may be seen by the 
derive increased benefit from the one following definition of Smith de Re- 
now offered to their impartial- cons!-* publ. Angl. in which we find the 
deration. ''jus scuti*' omitted. 

Could a correct return be obtained u Whoso studieth the laws of the realm. 

0» our present modes of conveyances, who stadicth at the ^Diversities, who pro- 

1 have little doubt, in my own mind, fesseth the liberal sciences, and (to be 

that there would be found an unneces- short) who ean live idly i^nd witliout manual 

9ary annual waste in our internal com- labour, and will bear the part, charge, and 

munication, nearly equal to the interest countenance of a Gentleman, shall be called 

of our National debt, about which * Master,* and shall be taken for a Gentle- 


there has always been so much grum- 
bling, when at the same time the pub- With reference to another part of 
lick are patiently labouring under bur- your Correspondent's letter, I think 
dens still more oppressive^ althougb* we may fairly draw this conclusion : — 
«nder their immediate controul, and " That a Gentleman, whether distin- 
whiehmight, therefore, soon be brush- guished by high ancestrjor not, will 
ed away. Thomas Gray. suffer in the person of himself and de- 
■ ' ^ scendants, in consequence of being, or 
' Mr. Urban, Feb. 9. having been, engaged in the trading 

YOUR correspondent N. (p. 8) in interests of his country.'* To this 

his disquisition on " Gentlemen opinion I cannot subscribe. Although! 

by birth," has s|X)ken of "certain rules the business of the merchant, the ma- 

by which the precedence of this part nufacturer, or the banker, may not 

of the community may be ascertained ;*' create, they are certainly no abatement 

but it appears to me that he will expe- of Gentility, 

rience considerable difficulty in sug-. Your Correspondent objects to the 

f lotting some part of his statement by authority of Guillim ; perhaps the 

egitimate authorities. The following learned Camden may be equally unfor- 

remarks are submitted with deference, tunate. 

in the hope of eliciting additional in- Michael de la Pole, created in the 

formation on the subject. reign of Rich. II. Earl of Suffolk, 

Very slight is the Qualification of a Chancellor of England, and Knight of 

Geatlenian by blood, according to the Garter, was the son and grandson 

Camden : he considers it to consist in of a merchant, as well as a merchant 

bjearing .arms from the grandfather himself, and yet he was esteemed a 

only, and I believe the law of prece- Gentleman of blood,^ as is evident 

denee.does not enforce any higher re- from the StatuteS'Of the Garter. Cam- 

ouisite. We therefore may simply de* den observes, ** his being a merchant 

nne a Gentleman by birth, to oe the did no how detract from his honour ; 

son of a Gentleman*; a Gentleman by for who knows nOt that even noble- 

, ■ — men*s sous have been merchan ts ? N or 

♦ It is evident in this case that the Gen- will I deny he was nobly descended 

Vdity of the parent must be established be- though a merchant." " Whence (says 

fai»oFatthebirthofthe»hild,andnots«b- also Vincent on Brooke, p. 7^X)), it 

seqaeafely to that event. follows that Mercatura non derogai ; 

•MMifdfi, Indc 1* DO ^leowot of and the mttmer In whtdt iba tamr* 

hoitouT." or Mnc at the tnAet t* LMinitMl, it 

Your CoitOfiMUlciM, *pe*ki«g mt woMbf bf aMciuioB. Thut, " Pan- 

herediuqr Ei^irei, kcim to fbr^ daaaivr" vat^ pcrhtpt la tle-brewcT, 

liial no iDcotDc, howev«r Urge, ww- ZanMim • bttlt-makcr. 

of ,ueir c«™i,.«te .R fc«,mtr^ f will, ,;„ j„,,.„^,I „; j.^ L«»d.,n, p.„j:«;o,'. 

thcTcrore, clow thn fwper with an eo«- qui fuii »ppr'n[ic' Thome WLawr, Cmt e( 

■wration of ihotc lo wboai thn thfc ii Co"p«, London, *( qui ma' terminti' o.i' 

du«, in which I heliere 1 am anjiport- i|i'a Thoim Adcli' »plciit, iit litem Ttiomu 

ed b; Camden and Sprlman. in mi', in p'scit gard', ittfiutui rn, ul- 

ATler the " Armigeri Nataliiii,*' or miuui Tuit in liliiinBtem p'd', n juntu 

eUeK WIM of younger aans of noble- oonun C»m'«ria, diccii die «t umo untie ia- 

mm, and the eldest son> of Knighia, gn^"", nod«cioiodi*M»rtii,«nuoKpniRe- 

both coniinueJ in pcrriclual auccet- giiJirahi.S": dei;iino.«to,«d.i-,&c.iiiti. 
aion we have " truodanExiri iLn.iid. — LraatiuEd- 

1 .' Ea<|Dit«i b7 Creation, letter* p.- "•"".' ^' '"',";"'■ "' ^^J'"*'.' ^.S»""f J^" 

lent, or^iherio/cliiure. and ihcfrek ™ ^'l'':^^' e"."'- 3"' 'V.",'PP, °^ 

«t lon.j """"Igrt theae r-nie place oo„o die >?bn>.rii, anno RegU J«obi, &c 

ihoae who have been bheriSs of Coin- ^j^o „ • fi„(.„ .Ltem aooor' qu*m ter- 

tiea,whoalwayareiain the title forlife, minu' cu' in'oDuilrfo me SMpiio' Tiikwr 

in reapect of the great tniil ihcf have fine cum' Adrliier npletil, ut Jcremlu 

born* in the Com mun wealth. Malpu, IcthenellEr, ei p'u Duiieli, u 

2. Eiqiiirea bjp lepiitallon. Sergeant* Idviu Si#uii'ua p" juo p'[«, in cur', in p'ncit 

U Law, Jtuiicea oftlw Peace, Mayon Muhei Qoodfi!tlii>e, kihT, ittertuui ni. 

of lownn, Councelloti at Law, Licute- £' ''" <)Mmvii, &c. Tanum i^' cor,' 8>e. 

nant Cokineli, Majon, and Caplaiot. »dioiHU« fuit la lib'utem p'd', et Jumui 

All dilriDg the time of their rcapectire "o"" t»ai'»riu d'eii die a upo, et dtt", 

comminioni only. *«'- '''i'- '"'■ f '"'■• '^*«" """"^ '!•■ ' 

3 Eaquirci bj preactiplioD. Ilie One circumstance relative lo iheie 

hudiofa few anci«)I familiea. damaged mafses, (k shrunk together b; 

Uow the precedence of aome of the the lire iliai it U nimi dillicult to lera- 
•bore gCBlleinen ahould be regulated rate them,] worihf of atieniion is, that 
with reapect to each other, I confna ihenriling is dimiaiihed byihe power 
tnyieir unaualified lo determine. I, of ilie elrii>eni lo at least ■ fifih of ill 
therefore, leave ii to those of «>ur original liiej still preserving the clear- 
friends who are better able 10 do jus- ncM oflhe Ittiera in lh% most beauiifiil 
tice to tlic tubject. ^ A. inoi)iier+. Singular lo say, ihii fact 
' ^ ■ illuittatM very forcibly ■ paaiage of 

Mr. Urb'H. Feb. p. Shakijieare, ivhote otMctvaat eye thf 

A LAlKiE quantity of records, be- effect of fire on character* written on 

J\. iijg chiefly entries of the name* parchment had not escaped : 

of Apprentiera wfto had uktn out ■< 1 ana icriUilFd form, drawn with ■ pea 

their freedom in (he Chamber I tin') ITpon a parctuDCDC, 

Office of the C'ty of London, and uf De I thrtnk up." 
the fee* paid, has been <fi»covered in 'Yours, ice. A. J. K. 

that division of the City archives ap- ^ 

nroprialed to matttn concernine the ., ,, ^ _, 

Irl U,. .nd eonxnonl; e.ll.3 lh< "'"«""•,, . '''»■ '"■ Cli.mbrr. I N jroit l..l.Nu[lll«r. p. 17, !«■ 

ThcK R.conI, brain In ihc rtigtl of .• iJ'V"'' ' "? ""«"" '"'"'" 

Hcnt, iht Eijliih, ind mighi »=ll fe '"8 "'. *™' 'oiind on . .loj j mong 

.nppoicd rclin • ol Lh< t,^ir Undon. Hie™™ of ih, Pm.jof M. 

bjl fo, Ih. d..r 1717, whith ont of of,, jnd w ,|th yoo cn,.,.d„ 

,h. .ni™ on . f,«™.nt bear,. " l"" 1"™ '.''?; °' ^'"T', '°\ 

Tlie i«o .on..& .,UKI., from . ff"" "uK u "S'' ' *' 

oi™ of lb. ill. of J.n.= iht Fir... H.niy lb. Foot*. 1 bi. mi.imii. „ 

• •« given, » a specimen of tbc form of ^o,"e"r erron.o™. for Itwy were pro- 

enli^ Thrabbre^alionsarenuiiieroua *"*'*'? '''e arm. of Jobn Suflbrd L«tl 

— ^ '- nfWilifhire,2ndionofHomphi«y let 

•■nnjmar bo d«ibt i.JMd b^ tfa* fir. Yh>Vr of Buckingham ] and ltt« (ol- 

which dattroynl the (JhunbarUa i oUca, • 1 i i i 

Feb. 7. 1786. Edit. 

OiiiT. Mio. Fe^ary, lISG. 




lowing slight pedigree will prove that the quarteringi on the shield in ques- 
that nobleman was entitled lo each of tion. 

HaapliRj di Bobuiy £srl of Hereford and Etiex, &c. ob. 18tl.^ 

1. Jshn Eari of Heremd and EaseXt &e. ob. t. p. 1835. S. Willuiin de Bobna, eremted 
t. HomphivT, brother and heir, £arl of Hereford and Earl ofNorthampton, 17 March, 
Essex, &c K.G. ob. s.p. 1861. 1387, K.G. ob. (d60.y 

I _— ^1— -^— 

H ^f« phr»>y de Bohun Earl of Northampton s succeeded his uncle in the Earldoms of 

Hereford and Essex m 1361, ob. s. p. m. lS79.=p 

I 1 ' 

Henry theFoarth,=pMar]r de Bohun, Eleanor de=^Thomas Plautagenet, sumamed << of 
King of England, dau. and coheir, Bohun.da. Woodstock /'younger son of King Ed- 

^^Queen of England, and coheir. 

ward III. 

ob. s. p. m. 1898. 

Edmund Earl of Stafford, K. G.^Anne Plautagenet, dau. and^William Bourchier, Earl of 
ob. 1408„ 9nd husband. I eventuallj aole heiress. xfvEwe, K. G. 3rd husband. 


Humphrey Earl of Sufford ; created Duke of Buckingham 1444, K. G. ob. 1460. =p 

\ 1 ' 

Humphrey de Stafford, son=p John Stappord, 3d son, created Earl of Wiltshire, 

and heir, ob. vitdpatris. I Jan. 6, 1470, K. G. ob. 1478. 

Henry de Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, 8cc. ^|s 

I have. not ascertained the cause of 
the arms of John Earl of Wiltshire 
having been affis^ed to the Priory at 

To this pedigree I need only add, 
that after the alliance with Anne Flan- 

tagenet, the family of Stafford placed 
her arms in the/f ri/, the coat of Bohun 
Earls of Hereford in the second, that 
of Bohun EaiJs of Northampton in 
the third, and that of Sufford in the 
fourth quarters. The arms on the 
stone are therefore peculiar from hav- 
ing the coats of Stafford and Bohun 
Earls of Northampton transposed. But 
the quartering of Sufford, the bordure 
round the royal arms, and the crescent, 
prove the impossibility of iu having 
Dcen intended for the arms of Thomas 
Duke of Clarence. 

, Mr. URBAif, Feb,Q. 

THE accompanying extracu from 
a Memorandum-book or Journal 
of Alexander Daniel, of Penzance, 
in Cornwall, in the reign of James I. 
for which I am indebted to my friend 
and kinsman Geor^ John, Esq. jun. 
of Pensance, contaming an account of 
his family, with notes of some public 
events, with which he was contempo- 
rary, are, I think, sufRcientlycurious to 
merit a place in your pages. The family 
of Daniel was, it appears, of foreien 
origin, and the first member of it who 
came to this country, Richard Daniel, 
the father of the said Alexander, re- 
presented Truro in Parliament in 
l6S3* and l6S7, from which fact, as 

^ Mr. Gilbert in hia Sitrveu qf ComwaUf 
f«l. n. p.909 erroMouslj ooneulMrsthe Rieh* 

Barnstaple. He was probably a bene- 
factor to it. Clionas. 

*4i* We have since been favoured with n 
letter from an intelligent Correspondent, who 
suggests that the arms in question belonged 
either to John Earl of Wiltshire above-men- 
tioned, or to his sreat nephew Henry Staf- 
ford, also Earl of Wiluhire, and K. G. tha 
second son of Henry tnd Duke of Buck- 
ingham, who died 16 April 15S8 ; and from 
the arrangement of the quarterines preciiely 
agreeing with the Garter plate of tne latter 
in St. George's Chapel, be is mclined to as- 
sign them to that EarL 

well as from some of the following 
extracts, it is manifest that they 
were of considerable importance. No 
other account of them than a very im- 
perfect notice in Gilbert's ** Survey of 
Cornwall f ,'* is to be found ; hence the 
genealogical information afforded by 
ili^se memoranda may be accepuble to 
tome of your reailers. 

Alexander Daniel, the writer of the 

ard Daniel who represented Truro in 1698 
to have been the son of Jenkin Daniel, who 
was Mayor of that town in 1615, and who 
erected a stone iu the markeC-place of that 
borough, with this inaeriptioa : 

« T. B. Jenkbit Danibl MiiORf 

Who sek to find eternal tceasvfa 
Must vse no goile in waighl ur 
t Vol.JI. ]^91. 

EMiTMUfrvm Om Jtmma iifJ. DmM. tSl 


La. M.ri Whltmon, 


J««nl. 4IM in lOSa, and od hia 
toab in the Chnrch-jinl of Maiide» 
i* ihii imeripUoa : 

" Hn* Vjti^ (lu bo^ of AWuDdw Df 
■ial, Bot- *ho dtpuM 7* life U itw jmr 
dfoutLori ISflt. 

B«%)a nw Binb, BrluiD m* Bracdinf |;m, 
Coramitl ■ wib, Ira oIuUnB. Hd ■ («»•. 

*' A gTHcful poMari^ wuMt ia iMMbbb 
nvtabnoe* J Otuip* Dutol, gral. ik* 

MB of lb* kbdTt-BCBtMMll AJtiUHlcr. The 
•^(oiaiBg Ffi* Sohool, lod iu litnnl •«• 
imwminl; witoau hi* chwitj wid mntrd. 

■* Ua *M bnritd omt (Iu> toab. Hay ' 
4. I7I«. Uriah TomkiB, Oaorg* Traviek, 
Sai>. B«laM, Tboa. fUbjni, Wm. Botbia, 
~ , 1780." 

ith^ingTh'" . 

F<:b. ta. M7 •;. 

The aebool allixied 10 wu founded 
at Maddcrn in 1704 brGcornDan!d, 
tot the indruclion of poot children of 
that pariih, and iu chapclrinorMorra 
•nd Pcniauce, in reading, wriiins, and 
■riihmeiic. HeendoweditwithaboitM 
■od garden for ihe mailer, and ccriain 
tandi and premlKa now let Tor 138/. 
MrmwM*. The Diniel famllr are. 
1 am inrormed.eilinctinihe male line; 
tbcir armi, a* deacribed bj Gilbert, 
ibongh it doea not appear on whai atu 
"'"""""', are, Art^U, tii lotmgei eo»- 
Cr S^le. Cliov^s. 

Jaa,lfl. "Eliai^.nfftlliHia.waibatn 
M ■---— t- ta lau Cvloa'a kuoH, 9 aocM, 
Itsa, Hb*>ThiirMla]>. 

Ju. IB. DM, Riah'd Daaiel, nv be. I7 
nj bdui'i and wiJa at Budm BrUga, in 
l»h, 1660. 

Ju.aO. I *u marifd toOr*e«,n dugh- 
twofJuhnBliHt, gnl. of Lille Cnfu, ISIS. 
' B.8a. M7 bUwr, fLD. with T. B.f 

buriod Marc, ad, IBS 

¥tb.ti. Prince Muirica fro TchiddTt 
<Mi,t K. St. Micbatl'i MouDt, whence l>« 
deu'ied the mortuii AJIoo'^, lb~43. 

Mat. 8. My bihci'i Sd tojuge wu tn 
Znland, 1 5Sfi. 

Mar. IS. My btlisr mada hi> fint iDvige 
10 EmbiliD, m East FrHUland, 1&B4. ' 

Mat.«3. Dcji'Md fm. TrnUiui, having 
dwell (here 7 7. aad | v'lhlll niyfinini, add 
neil daj came to Ptnianca lo dwel, Is's!. 

Mar. }7. Eod. dia Richard, 017 j br. ■•• 
bora at Midleburough, my &ther being De- 
putlc Gut'Dur there, IS13. 

A|i[. 6. Richard, mf eldan iod. »u ma- 
riedlo EliiabethDallerj, au LoniloD, li;40. 

Apr. 19. M7 7ih ion, Jehoiba|ihac, iraa 

1636, it ba'n; TiuikUt. 



iiabeth, mj ^nd-daughler. 

iborilT, I 

Fra. Godaliihln, uf G,x)arp. 
7- impow. » Oxford, and Ftt. Baael 7* I p'd SO/. Pri.7 Seal. 1644. 

M>7 9. Riclurd, ni7 ddeil loo, wai bora 
■I Treiilian in N ulyne it beg TuBileJ, 1 Bi6. 

May 16. Y< baluii att Stratt' between 
Corn, aod Dexn, ohereln yt Comiih for 
J* K'g had J' Tictotie, IMS. 

JaoB S. Eiiaiaph 1117 ton mi pmi in 
Com'DD-ellhi Knice, ulld la 7e JaiialUi|- 
in S' Getng* Aiicuei fleet, ■<>&« (. 

J.IDHO. Grace, in7ii.n Rich 'd'lSJdaugh- 
ler, vai bora al KdmuQlD* baptiied y I4i<> 

(ficL issa. 

June 1 7. Ateuoder, nj aaoond iob, ma 
bom at Treailiaii in Nul7t]e, a* i' day, ] 6^7. 
June 14. 1 (old ny inberitaoee in Bra- 
bant, dtaceoded on me fro' Grandmere na 
winecfaoHD ItorgaaaM omianMnt at 1 m- Maghaa for 1 fiof. to Jutlg. Coliiinor, ISS4 i 
in, frid vith bim EO Londo', wbertwaitaid vortb IDOOi. and more. 
lU 6lh Maj, 1634. June 37. Oear^ Whitmore, j« Sd um of 

Feb.ll. Abaiitinidnif[h(Biy(lu))*r,Rich- S^ Qeorga Whitmon, and mj tiiter Mart, 
•id Danirh, departed yi life at Truro, 1630. died 1618. 

Feb. 18. Alex, ye aoa of El lai Daniel 1 waa Aug. I. Qeorn duim 8th eon, vat bon 

bora at FenntM, and Xtoad ye am* daya, B( Paonoce; in Nojtm home, al 1 a clock 
■G68. aftinidniglit.TiwHla7, 16.17. 

Fab. 1 8. My father naa maried to ny a«> Aug. 7. Waa bom my ion Rioh'nli'i 3d 

• I^eoni'i Conxrall, p. (10. f Thomai Burgeik 

I Tba MM of the ancient buuily of BuMtt, aow lepreaenled by the Riebt Hon. Lord it 

Dmutaooilla and BaueU. Prince Maurice, Count Palatine of the Rluse, diitineuiihed 

hiiBKir tn bii terricei in the Rojal cauia againit the Parliament, bul il i( preiumed 

that no Hialoiian of CorDiratl baa noticed the fact Lhat the Prince came into that cDuntT. 

le of the iiHHt flitlifid of 

Sir Franctl Bauetl, irho at tbal time poeieued Teh: 

Charlca'i adbcrenli. Some rrrr curium Icttert fium Sir Krancii to hit wifb during ibe 
yaan I6«8 and 1644, and vhich fully diiplaj hit ardent demiiuii tii bii Sovereixi), aill |i« 
bund in the intereitins TradiiioTu and Rrcollcctuaa of ttut beaudful ttut neglactad poai, 
the Hci. K. Pol<rhe)e, Juat puhlitbed, *ol. L p. 17—10. 

1 Sk Goom Ayaeaugh, Adminl of the PariiuMatan fiact, appaand befcra Scillj in 
N^ IMI1 aM look all tha Uaoda eieaptisg St. Haij i, whiib did dm nniBdai ontil 


On ike AfvuM and Moilo p/ th% Omnif of Kent. 


dav. bj hb 9d wiff, MnrgMr Chabrljn^ 7* 
child was named EVu^\ 1668. 

Aug. 15. Jacob, m^ 4th fonyWM bornatt 
Tr0sUiaA, in NuliQe^ it being ^atardaj about 
sun sett, 1629. ... 

Aug. 16. Sr.Geo. Aiscue' * w'th45 ships, 
foMgbt 4 hours w'th 70 Dutch ships, not 
a man slain in the ship wherein £Ila8aph was. 
Vi Deo, 1653. 

Aug. 30. Alex, my son RichM's first son 
was born between 5 and 6 of y^ clock, mane, 
on a Fry day, 1659, )' L. bless* him. 

Sept. 7. John> my 6th son, was born in 
ti^ye 8 house, at Pensaoce, about sunnsing* 
being the L*d's day, 1634. 

Sept. 13. My son, Jehosap, that died at 
Lafegan, aced 10 y. 5 months, buried at y* 
entrance of Madr Chur. 1646. 
. Sept. SO. Alexander) my son Richard's 
eldest son, was bom, circa 5 or 6 o'clock 
mimei at 1659* 

Oct. 16. J(i Keate, Vicar of Maddem, 
dyde, supposed of the plague aC Naaseglaf , 


Oct. 24. Jaqitelioa, my first daughter, was 
bom at Tresilian, in Newlyne, (I so named 
her aft'r my moth*), horft 7 mane, 1630, it 
b*g a L's day. 

Oct. 95. Grace Daniel, Elias* first daughr. 
wet born at Laregan, about 2 a clock afl'rr 
MMWy 1667> being Fnrday. 

Opt. ••• Richard JDaniell, my Esther, was 
bom y« first Sunday aftr St. Michael's di^^ 
AthOctobeft 1661. 

Oct ... In y* month (as I guessed] died 
my grandmother, M^ria Vaa Meghen, my 
niotbrs mothr, aged eirc. 96 years, 1626. 

Nor. 5. My SOB Jacob died at Feasance 
tfi R. Colan*s house, aged 3 y. and about a 
4,buri*d in Madr. Chuf. 1632. 

Nov. 8. John Daniel) my son Richard's 
td ion, was bom about 1 1 at night, Satur- 
day, baptix'd 30th 1662. 

, Nov. 9. My father maried Margaret j* 
daughter of Pat* van Ganeghan at Dordrecht^ 
Holla'd, 1608, hinc mihi Lachrymse. 
. Nov. 17. Mr daughter, Jaquelioa* was 
married to Wm. Paynter ye ion of Rich, aud 
Hottor P. his wife, 1649. 

Nov. 19* George, my souf aftr 3 y. and 
about a niontKs absence, came to Laregan, 
fto' Loddo* hav*g learnt Uie ball trade, 1659. 

Nov. 21 . My dear mother, Jaquelina, died 
of a burning fever, was buried in y* old Chu. 
•tMidlbor', 1601. 

Dec 5. My be in law, Sir George Whit- 
more, dep'ted y* life at Balmes, neer Lon- 
don, it beinff 'Tuesday, 1654. 

I>ec.7t Mjr son, Eliasaph, was married 

to 4aM Penrose^ y* daugbf. of J. Penr4>s«, 
esq. 1665, at Maddera. 

Dec. 12. 1 A [lex.]. D[aniel} was bom at 
Midleburough, in Walcheren, pr*seDtly after 
1 1 in y* forenoon, a Wedy. 1599. 

' Mr. Urban, Lake-house, Wilts, 

YOUR Correipondent, "J D." is 
pleased to express his satisfac* 
tion in your Magazine for December 
(p. 517), with my reply on the ques- 
tion raised by him, as to whether this 
countrv was conquered by William the 
First, m the usual and modern accep- 
tation of that word ; but he adds, *' On 
the subject, however, of Kent bearing 
the arms of the rampant white horse, 
with the motto Jnmcia attached, which 
your Correspondent does not appeztr to 
nave directly noticed, I confess my- 
self hardiv satisfied.'* The fact is, that 
I omitted a more full discussion on 
this part of the subject, from the f«>e1- 
ing tn; t it bore slightly, if at all, on 
the main question. 

I must again repeat, that the histo- 
rical truth of the meeting between 
William aud the men of Kent, with 
boughs in their hands, demanding the 

f)r^rvation of their laws and privi- 
eges, is strongly, and with much rea- 
son, doubted ; tt is very unlikely that 
concession would be rashly sought by 
any number of unarmed men from an 
Invader marching at the head of an 
army so recently victorious, and the 
relation is well confuted by Sumner, 
in his ''Treatise on the Custom of 

As to whether the arms of ''the 
rampant white horse, with the motto 
Invicta attached,'* be claimed by the 
E)astern district of Kent, or by the 
County at large, I can give no informa- 
tion to " J. D.*' but I would suggest to 
him, that neither the one, nor the other, 
possesses any abstract right to such 
heraldic honours, jince (if I am cor- 
rect) no county, or portion of a county, 
can bear arms. We often find that a 
chartered City, or a Borough, is by 
^rant, intiiled to peculiar insignia, but 
in that instance there is a Corporate 

* This action was fought off Plymouth, between the squadron under the command of 
Sir George Ayscough, am) the Dutch under that of De Ruyter. fiaker in his Chronicle 
states the force of the former at about 40 sail, and the latter to hav« eonsbted of fifty men 
ttf war, but it is most likely that Daniers account^ wluck was prcM>1y taken from his son^ 



Bodf, ACo^sij,orittdi*iMOB,lM«H 
not Ht incorporanoa, and whrocnr 
inch ■ diiinet nut hcratdic diitino- 
tioai, I ootKxitt, h i* mcrel; b; w> 
Mimplion. I am wsll aware, however, 
that many Countk* have attached IS 
Uieimrlm iheii pMuliar leali with 
armorial braring*, and it it (tnitting 
at lea*t lo obterre, that ihit County 
(Wilu) has borrowed (or htrMtr the 
armt of the Ciiy or Salitbury, atMl hat 
•oirounded ihem, shorn of their Biip^ 
pontn, with the moiioof " The eoumy 
ot Wilu." ]i ii well, Mr. Urban, that 
we do not live in a more fMtidiom 
m, or we shonid bear of the City of 
Saliibfiry iaitimt-ng a prosccuiion in 
(he Coort of Honour agaitnt th« 

Doobted, indeed ditcredited, m t* 
the hittarical relation adverted 10 by 
*'J. D." I do not think that either 
" the armi of the rampani white 
ttorae,'* or the mono " Invicta,'' ha« 
the lean reference in iti origin or nte 
to William the Conqueror. 

Speetl, in hi> "History of England,*' 
■ppropriatet, IJtnow not on what an- 
Inority, particular bearings to eech 
Kingdom of the Hei>urch<r, and to the 
Kingdom of Kent ne assigns (hst of 
" the rampant while hone." It may 
be objected, and with imih, that thit 
Kra was 100 early for the use of armi; 
but Speed may be, nerenhelew, cor- 
rect in giving dislincti*e bearings to 
the national standarits, and as the 
white horae i) acknowledged to hare 
been (he heraldic disiinction of the 
invading Saxon, ivho landed on the 
coatis of Kent, it ni»y be eaaily pre- 
sumed, that that portion of the Hep- 
tarchy wai primarily entitled lo the 
national cogniiancc, and, if really 
then adopted, its contlnunnce in mo- 
dern times may easily be accounted 
(or in the veneration due to antiquity. 
Atsuming. however, ihii as a fact, nc 
muii seek a diflerent orijiin for tht 
motto "Invicta." The early Saxons 
wcie not Laiinist!, and wc must truly 
assign the adoption of I hit motio to 

"" iroverb of " the 

the hravcrv of the inhabitants 
of that county 1 but it cannot liow 
well be sKciiainttl from whence this 
proTcrb arose. Their prowess certainly 
exhibited iisflf to great adtaniaEc in 
thm rtaiitance lo Caesar, and, ] think, 
in his first invasion he may be fairly 
taid to have been reprllej by them. 

Fuller, in his "Worthies of Eng- 
lanii," in descanting on this proverb 
tavi, some ■' refer it lo their aturage, 
which from the time of King Caoth- 
lus haih piiichasfd unto them llie pre- 
cedency of matching in our Engliiti 
armies to Itad ihc ran." On what 
precise ground Fuller refers ibis claim 
tu the Jays of Canute, 1 know nolj 
ills, however, recorded in hiMory,lliat 
iliat monarch luok over to Denmark 
ilic flower of our l^n^ltsh forces, under 
(he cnmmiind of burl Goodwin, lo 
curb the invasion of the Vandals, and 
on Kis return, after signal servicei, 
created him Earl of Kent, he being a 
t.iT^e landed proprietor in that dislricL 
We iiisy naiiiially presume that he 
bore in his train a numetmu body of 
bit immediate dependanti, ind fiom 
their experienced bravery (if Fuller's 
rematk hath any foundation) may that 
eniiabic di^iiociion be deriTcd. Jo- 
hannes Salisburieniii, in hli " Dc Nil- 
gii Cuiialium et Vettigies Philoao- 
phnrum," Lib. 6, Cap. 8, tays thua, 
" Ob regegiK virtuiu meritum, quam 
ibidem potenter et paiicnier exerculer 
Cinlta nostra prime Cohortis hoo»- 
rfni, el ptimot congresiut hotlium 
ut<|iie in hoHiernutn diem in omiiibut 
pFUL'liis obiinet.'' — It is then, I think, 
Mr. Urban, in rrbtion solely to this 
loiij-established honour, that the mo- 
dern inhabitants of Kent hate added 
ilii- nioltu " Inrina " to tlieir atsumed 
arms of the Saxon whit* honef and 
in further elucidation of this remark. 
Ton will permit me to add, that the 
Latin pauirc participle in uj, though 
generally considered to bear relation, 
to pati lime, jetaometimei unite* with 
it a prospective tense, and that [he 
motto may thus be rendered—" ub- 
conqtiered " and " oneonquerBble," 

Under this iolerpietation we have 
iheu a fair clue to its origin, and inay 
rationally infer, that Cantia "mviela^ 
can have reference alone to this an- 
cient claim, and its subsequent proverb. 
1 hnpe, Mr. Urban, that 1 have thua 
satisfactorily elucidated also ibis por- 
tion of the lubjecl, and demonstrated 
to the mind of your Correspondent, 
" J. D." that neither the assumed arms 
of the County of Kent, nor iu aonexed 
motto, has any connexion whatevcf 
with the question of the conquest by, 
nlon of this 
r First. 


Mr. Brownt on Stonehenge* 


Mr. Urban^ Ameshury, Fel. 7- 

IN vQur December Magazine, p. 5 10, 
Mr. Britton took occasion to ani- 
madvert upon what he calls my " dar- 
ing and very eccentric hypothesis '* re- 
specting the origin of Stonehenge and 
Abury. Admitting the propriety of 
the epithets which are here used, does 
it necessarily follow that the position 
to which they apply is incorrect? — 
Were not the present authorized prin- 
ciples of astronomy subject to censure 
much more formidable than Mr. Brit- 
ton's, when they first made their ap- 
pearance? Had I sent forth my posi- 
tion, asserting the antediluvian origin 
of Stonehenge and Abury, unsupport- 
ed by any reasonable consideration, it 
would then have been deserving only 
of disregard; on the contrary, when 
lie one whosoever has attempted to 
4eny the facts which I have pointed 
out in my "Illustration** of these an- 
tient structures, or to dissent from the 
propriety of the remarks which I have 
maoe upon them, to condemn this my 
position without an;^ reference to these 
tacts and remarks, is a proceeding the 
most unjust and illiberal possible. 

*' I am surprised,** &c. Why should 
Mr. Britton be surprised, if my pamph- 
lets are in reality " humble,'* as he mi- 
raediately declares them to be, — can 
he consistenlltf be surprised that no 
writer has animadverted on my posi- 
tion, when, as he himself says, my 
Productions on the subject are humbler 
'his is fully sufficient to betray the 
wolf in sheep's clothing, and render 
every one aware of the delusive cha-> 
racier of Mr. Britton*s attack. 

*' Mr. Browne is a man of strong 
natural capacity and talent ; has read 
much, and thought deeply." I hope 
there is some better criterion both of 
my natural and acquired abilities than 
Mr» Britton*s judgment, or I should 
be justified in having only the most 
bumble opinion of them. 

" He (Mr. Browne) has formed 
theories in his closet, and gone abroad 
to confirm them by looking at, and re- 
flecting on, the appearances of nature.*' 
The closet in which I have formed my 
theories, that is, my. '* daring and very 
eccentric hypothesis respecting the 
origin of Stonehenge and Abury," is 
these structures themselves, and the 
extended track of country which is 
necessarily connected with an investi- 
gation into their origin, — things with 
whibb Mr. Britton should make him- 

self much better acquainted than he 
really is, before he attempts to give 
any opinion on the inference or posi- 
tion which they may be reasonably 
said to authorize. I would answer Mr. 
Britton*s remarks on Geology, were 
they nut so unconnected and irrelevent 
as to evade all reasonable reply. 

*• He (Mr. Browne) has also studied 
the Sacred Writings; and with the 
hopes of o.btaining a clearer insight 
into their literal meaning, has made 
himself acquainted with the original 
language in which they were written. 
No pursuit, no species of writing is 
so likely to seduce the mind from all 
. the principles of sound philosophy and 
demonstrative evidence.** This, on a 
principle of common civility, is a very 
curious observation to be made by a 
person, who, with a view to pecuniary 
advantage, has devoted so considerable 
a portion of his time to the investiga- 
tion of Cathedral Antiquities. On the 
yet more important principle of truth, 
It bears a most serious aspect, in di- 
rectly ascribing either folly or wicked- 
ness to that concurring effort which 
now characterizes our country for the 
promotion of the Christian faith. It 
tells us, that God himself has given us 
a guide injurious to the attainment of 
sound wisdom ; and in its natural con- 
sequences, reduces human nature to a 
state of the most terrific desperation. 
I sincerely hope that time will produce 
a recollection in the judgment of Mr. 
Britton, as, in reference to the pre- 
ceding consideration, it is in no light 
whatever entitled to respect. 

To my countrymen 1 owe it as my 
duty openly to applaud their concur- 
ing exertions for the cultivation of the 
human mind, on the principles of the 
Christian faith ; and to assure them 
that all the efforts which the Almighty 
may enable me to make, will have, I 
trust, an especial tendenc]^ to uphold 
the inestimable value of His Revealed 
will. Henry Browne. 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 8. 

THE following fact is too singular 
and important not to merit a 
place in your monthly publication. 

Bp. Burgess has been exerting him- 
self, and that with great effect, to revive 
the Controversy respecting the text of 
the Three Heavenly Witnesses, 1 John 
ch. V. verse 7, though it was supposed 
it had been put to rest by Griesbach, 
Person, Marshy and the Quarterly Re* 

•pptnd md„ ,l,„ till, of Bm ul ih« ,»o J™!,' *r"IVB"'»<' 

_ ______ .who, uonMH 

■bop of Si. Davitl'i, i> ihc learned ai 
raiLhrnl ion of the luiclur Saini. Hoi 
eTcr thi*in*y be, I 
mfoldol' ' 

let. Perliiig iniemted in th'e'ditcW 
■ion, tail havinganopporiunil; lo cod- 
•ult ihe FeneToble Bede, I hare ditco- 
veicd a faci, which caunot but redound 
to the disgrace and cNJitfiuion of the 
advcrtariei of the terie in qimtion. 

Grieibaeh, in hii note on the place, 
M^ {wtiiivelj that Bedc had Dot that 
leit in hit copin of the New Tetta- 
HKDt. Profeuot Porton ii iiill more 
potitLTe. "If any perton, ' 

Bui farther, ihe cNuie a 
IKt ;ar/A, of the eighth »er«- poini* to 
i» *• ou'jiiii;, ,„ AcoBen, of the Betenib, 
and by coniequtnce «uppoir» (he ge- 

conTcrt to the """"""" of 'he whole Kvcnih vcrie. 

•iliary pamuh- '^""'^jnglj, the adversarie* of the ae- 
'""'■ 't'w impugn Ihe aulhenlicily 
- - in Ihe eighth ; and Gries- 
it acrupled lo put it out of 
im text. "The trulli is,- says the 
Qujrierly, "ihat not a single Maiio- 
sctipt can be produced waniing ihc se- 
venth, and also rcailing i> t« yj of the 
eiehih." t(ihit be (rue, tlie convene 
of it aiusi be Ime, osinely, ihai what- 
ever manoKript contained thi> claute 
of the eighih verse, contaiued also the 

b^ich has I 

ill read ihrougnBede'iCommentary whole of the serenih. It then fotlowi 

on (he Fifth Chapter, be will kc, an- 
leuhebe woefully hhnd, that Bede wm 
totally ignorant of the seventh vene." 
The Quarterly Reriewer speaki 
Im <£:isi ■ '■ '- -- 

the III ._ 

Bedc had ihe disputed 
pies ; for he Ihui quotes the 
«,„. ■■Q.o„i.,„ ,„.,.„,„ 
inontuniilant i» tiiira, ipiriiua, aqua. 

ptiuciples, that 

' ' iico- 


ritively. No. 65, p. 8fi. "If 
^ e fact may be asiuied as cer- 
laiiily established in this controversy, 

it i> that Bede wai unacquainted with "u<u>, >>:iuii» lo ine levenin verse; 
Ihe seventh verse." Now Ihese declo- and having quoted it in lubalance, he 

com me HI I ng < 

I these 

e luit nialteT of opinion, bui 
■u appeal lo fact. And what man 
would refute writer* like these the 
fullcit credence ? Yet it !■ niost cer- 
tain that neither Grieabach, nor Por- 
ton, Dor the Reviewer, ever perused 
the Commentary of Bede, to which 
th^ virtually appeal! For Bede hat 
the dispuied verie, and comments upon 
it. ll is true indeed, that he hat not 
the verse in its place, but at a hitle 
disunce in the context. In some of 
the best MSS. the seventh and 
Tcrsea have changed places ; a 
Professor allows 



comment i _ 
qui lesiimonium perhibeot 
ilati; el irei (inquil scil. Jahannti) 
m sunt. Indivjdua namque ma- 
:, nihilque eorum a sui cuDDexj- 
■ejungiiut; nee tine verabumant' 
crcdenda eat divinilw, nee tine 
' Now this is the 

siibtlance of tlie dijpoied l_ „ 

Bede'g Commentary upon it; and hi* 
words, connected with what he ha* in. 
terted in the place of the terenth vene, 
hth Bte 10 this effect; "John wrote the 
the seventh verse against thoie whodein 
our Lord's real Jivinity ; and the eighth 

arrangement of the verses. SeehisLet- againit thote who deny hii 

ten, p. 394. In the very place of the nny: but these verses aiteit that there 

seventh verse Bede hat theie words, are three who bear testimony to die 

"Taceanibla<phrmiquihuac(Jeaum) true naiure of Christ, at God and man; 

phantatma esse dognuitizanl. Pereat for neither of the two it lo be scpa- 

— ' _ _ ■ _ . jjupj fjmji ,^1,^^ jj eonijjjt^ „;,j] j[. 

self; not are we to believe in his di- 
vinity without his real humanity, nor 
in his humanity withont hit real divi- 

I conclude with the two following 
observations. Fini, if the opponenta 
of the verse are mistaken — if they suf> 
feted theiniclvea lo be misled in regard 
to what tliey deemed the ttroogcn and 
but that be tlraoght it, with the the mottinaiBpuUbleugtiineDt against 

Deum vel hominum esie verum de- 
negant." Thii pious wish is that the 
memory of the Gnoilici, who denied 
Ihe real humanity of Christ on one 
hand, and of the Vmlariani, who on 
the other denied hit real Divinity, 
ihoald perish from the earth : and ihe 
words supply • deciiivc jMtiof not only 
ede was acquainted with the 

136 King Ckarkt'i Escape from ffbrcesier? — English Language. [Feb. 

itf it if likely that they are mistaken 
altogether in supposing it spnrioiu; 
and this mistake, 1 doubt not, will, in 
th« end, be fully proved to the satis- 
faction of the whole Christian world. 
Secondly, we have here a glorious ad- 
ditional proof not only that Christ is 
truly God, but that John wrote the 
disputed te^t against those^eretics who 
denied his divinity, that is, against the 
Unitarians, who exult in the exclu- 
sion of this text from the sacred ca- 
non. I call the Venerable Bede's au- 
thority an additional proof of Christ's 
divinity, and by consequence of the 
Trinity ; at least it greatly corroborates 
the authority of Athanasius, whose 
cited we implicitly follow. 
Yours, Sec. Bewgelius. 

Mr. Secretary Pepyt's Relation of his 
Majesty*t Escape from Worcester 
inquired after, 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 9. 

IN the correspondence appended to 
that very instructive and entertain- 
ing publication, *' Pepys's Diary,*' the 
Duke of York writes to Mr. Pepys 
thus :— " Pray send me a copy of the 
relation of his Majesty's escape from 
Worcester ; 'tis only for my own satis* 
tion, and I shall let no copies be taken 
of it*' This alone is sumcient to ex- 
cite curiosity ; but Mr. Pepys's answer 
to his Royal Highness stamps a value 
on the narrative, and makes it at once 
a literary desideratum. He says, 

''For wbat your R. H. b pleased to 
O0iDiii«ii<I from me touching the Worceftter 
paper, mj coveteousneu of rendering it m 
perfect •■ the memory of any of the tur- 
vivoTi (interested in any part of that memo- 
rable story) can enable me to make it, hat 
led me into so manv distant inquiries relat- 
ing thereto, as have kept me out of a capa- 
ci^ of putting it together as 1 would, and 
k ought and shall be, as soon as ever I can 
|NMsess myself of all the memorials I am in 
expectation of towards it, which I shall also 
Ibr your R. H.'s satisfisction use my utmost 
endeavours in the hastening; begging your 
R. H. in the mean time to receive thb 
Snuascript of what 1 took from his Mijes^'s 
own mouth, with a considerable addition I 
have sinee obtained to it In writing from 
CoL Philips, suitable to what I am pro- 
mised and daily look for from Father Hud- 
dlestone. (June 4, 1681.) Correspondence, 
JL 50. 

Should this memoir on the Worces- 
ter fight be found amongst the Pe- 
pysian MSS. the noble Editor of the 
*' Diary " would perhaps lay the pub* 

lie under another obligation, by giv- 
ing it tOtthe world. Lord firaybroke 
has already announced a projected Ca- 
talogue of the Pepysian Library, which 
cannot but be extremely curious and 
interesting, inasmuch as it will shew 
the best editions of the best authors of 
the day, and what formed the library 
of a scientific and literary man, well 
Oualified for President of the Ruyal 
Society in l684, when he held that 
office. X. Y. Z. 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 10. 

I FULLY agree with your Corres- 
pondent Prisciak, that 'affec- 
tation and ignorance are always at 
work to corrupt language,' and am 
not a less strenuous enemy to inno- 
vation without improTement ; yet he 
himself will probably admit, that the 
occasional introduction of a word, ex- 

f)ressive of an idea for which the 
an^unge has no appropriate term, is 
an improvement instead of a corrup- 

' 'To place in a detached situation, 
to separate from every thing around,* 
is an idea writers may often have oc- 
casion to express ; yet I am not aware 
that, we had any term for it previous 
to the introduction of the verb isolate, 
borrowed from the French. I have 
seen insulate em.ployed for the pur- 
pose ; but as this word has been used 
ty electricians in a peculiar technical 
sense, I conceive It would be better 
to leave it to them. • 

The ignorance, as Priscian pro<- 
perly terms it, that has confounded 
avocation with vocation, has been re- 
probated in the case of a much more 
frequent abuse, that of ameliorate and 
amelioration, by the author of a ' Nevir 
Grammar of the English Language/ 
published some time aeo ; which you 
nave noticed with no Tittle commen- 
dation, but which I have not observed 
to be mentioned by any of the profess- 
ed Reviewers, except tne * Monthly.' 

Yours, &c. S. N. 

The recent feat of the son of Mr. Hunt, 
of whit^-hatting and boei-blaeking noto- 
riety, in driving his father's van wish four- 
in-hand across the Serpentine^ oomes be- 
hind what was done at York in -1G07» when 
not only were various sports practised on 
the river Ouse, but, says Pr. I>rake in his 
History of that City, . a Aone-mce was 
run on the frozen elameat from the tower 
at the end of Marygate, under the gr^it 
arch of the bridge^ to the crane at okel- 
deigata Foitem. 

■**»] t Or J 


IB. TVaAriofU Old AmdUMmoi, OsmMfie, 
CterusI, enJ LUrrtry ,- in U'AiVA on tn- 
ttiukd Lnini qff:biu\al\. Cn>Bi<r«ll, 
Fwrfiu. Ed^Kuinbr, Muculry. WoIhM, 
Opie, WhiakFt. Gibbon. Uullrr, CowM* 
Mj, Muoto, UcDHMD, DMn, Smitl, 
Dvvia, Cowpn-. Ha^ls)-, Hnidtogf, Sir 
Wattrr Srixt, and MAn- dulmguuhti 
CSane/tn. By Ihe Itev. R. fulwbeli. 

" IN recoDMimg ihe yMrs (fial art 
pMSCTt," tayg Mr. P. "I haTC endc»- 
voufcil 10 (lisiriboie my mneriali in 
lucid order ) and my cnildren'i chit- 
drcR will be gralificd wiih clear ind 
inlcrtsiing views of charactrra and 
tniiitactions. The work consiiU of 
eleven ChapKia and an Appendix, 
Ercry Chsplri ia divided idio two 
Srciiofi)] the fir^t Section exiiibiiing 
rtoiien, bioftrapli leal and critical; ihc 
second Seel inn, lamiliar lellcra and 
poetic fpiiiica. The two Hecliona »nn 
fiatallel in poJoI of lime j (lie Mcond 
iHuurative of the lint.'' 

Thui &r we liave pcrmilLcd the au- 
thor to expbin the meihod be ha* 
choMn Tm the gelling-up o( hia malc- 
liali, »nd it ii now out duty to cdd, 
that in treading that peiiloiu pith of 
Literature whidi Km of recent years 
become to fuihionable, iheic are few 
who have aleered lo cleat of the iFrapla- 
tiona which [lumie the footslenj of ihe 
auto- biographer m Mr. Polwhclc. It 
may he ■■xneeicd, indeed, that in the 
gleunings of » long literary life spent 
much in retiremcni, mmiy things may 
have betn recorded which a fuilldioui 
leader mny reject u ItiRing, and much 
amber may have been expended in tui- 
baloiing tlicii but for onrselves we 
confcti, that we have perused these 
volame* with lingular pleasure, anct 
wc consider the Ltliets in general aa a 
vrry m!ii I'.li .ii't!il..;i in ihls denart- 

wer be ii retDctnbered, that the»e ra- 
tonei wer« armged (olely (br the att 
of the aatbor'i own family. We are 
4]nile aware that Mr. PoVwhele does 
not offer this in abatement of fait and 
caivnd criticism; yet ftill thli circum- 
itMiee ought to have ita weight with 
tbote who would ouarrel with the rai- 
BUMiKM with which tome cUciun- 
OtvT.Mia. fVbruory, IMS. 

■tmoM of minor imporriim are de- 
tailed, were not the honest Tindicathm 
of chataetor involved in the itiscaiaton. 
OfMr. Polwhele, in hii triple charac- 
ter of Poet, Historian, and Antiquary, 
our pages have made frequent tn*n- 
liofl i and there are no odmirera of ge- 
nuine poetry to whom the nuihor of 
the " InflueDce or Local Atlncbmem'' 
is unknown. Ai a Divine, he has la- 
boured long and ardently in the spi. 
ritual vineyard, both as an exemplary 
pariih pricit and at an accomphsheit 
con trovers ialijl. Of his diligence and 
nieriis as a writer, the volumes before 
u) are full of the most unequivocal tes- 
timony, and if not nmong (he most 
Krofound (cholars of the age in which 
e lived, he may yet take a high sla- 
lion in the Literature of the leth cen- 
tury, and rank wUh (bote wonhie* 

and < 

Mihdence to 

pious emtracis from these c 
volumes ; and passing over the " enJ^ 
le«i Mnealogies,'' by which Mr. Pol- 
whele traces hisdescent from the Nor- 
(nnn Conquest, and leaving behin'l 
some curiona and characteriitic Let- 
ters, wc come (o the " Recollec- 
tions" that more immediately concern 
the present generatioti; and firal of 
Poole, of whom it is said, 

" Tlia iDii d( Sftmnct Foota, eu. ud 
EletDor bii wifsi vu bijitiud in tug pa- 
riih chnreh of St. Mary'i, Traru, Ju. i7, 
1710, by JDMsh Jane, lUirtar, ai tp- 
paan froni (he Trutn regiitai of lapllimi, 
which I loiDa time iIdcb comulted. Kanla 
Hu bora it tht ReS Uoa (that lint- 
rale inn of the West i>f Eiii;lud), u all hl> 
biognpben lian told in, fur iha R«l Liun 

ptraoa — tbout the middle I'ta; raihat 
dunuily madr, with a broad flaihf W, 
ud a Mrtala irctuins in bii aye, VFliich at 
erne* proelahMd hin A» gmnine hwMoi^ 
IM. There en •crtnl piiuH of Urn, boA 
ID hia drattle aad prnaM dianelef j- da 
Bint DcHaet of whieK ia the Fraiwk ;(<■>* 
pnUiilwd ianaadiataly aAtt me of hb ttfaa 

&o« Pari*, aod which is pct&nd IkCmI^ 

1S8 R£ViBW.^Polwhe]e*g Traditions and Recolketions: [Feb. 

Memoirs. Though Foote seldom fiiTOured wrote lome fine descrlpttTe somiets. At 
hia native town. wIth-». visit, yet there > are Jamaica -hedommenced anrgeon: but he 
still many in Ti\iro who hare a perfect re- waa still disposed to coltivate the art of 
collection of him, and one or two, I belicTe, Poetry more than the art of Medicine, 
who were laughing witnesses to his jokes. From his ' Persian Love Elegies* of that 
Those, however, are gone, who used in his period, I could extract many beautiful pas- 
presence to mix trembling with their micthk sages. * The Nymph of Tauris' (which 
Conscious of some oddnesses in their ap- may be found in the Annual 'Register for 
pearance or character, they shrunk from his 177S) was Anne Trelawny, who died in 
sly observation. They knew that every ci- Jamaica. The Elegies have more merit 
vility, every hospitable attention, could not than Collins's Persian Eclogues, inasmuch 
save them from his satire j and, after «uch as they characterize Eastern manners and 
experience, they naturally avoided his com- moralities, and express passion and senti- 
pany, instead of courting it. This argued ment as an orientalist would express them, 
in Foote a dislngenuousness, of which Dr. A valuable living in Jamaica now happen- 
Wolcot (of whom I shall soon speak) was !ng to fall vacant, drew Wolcot's attention 
never guilty. Foote, indeed, had no re- to the church ; and he came, we are told, 
straint upon himself, with re8pect,evther to to England for institution ; but the Bishop 
his conversation or his conduct. He was, of London refUsed ' to admit him (it is 
in every sense of the word, a libertine^, a sud) on account of his premature assump- 
very unamiable character." tion of the clerical office.' He had begun 

^^ -w-wT t ■ m -n* 1 . .1 • 'to act the parson' immediately as the Hv- 

, Of Wolcot (Peter Pindar) there js .„g fe„ ^^^^^j. ^hus disappointed, he re- 

hn interesting account : siimed his original profession, was dubbed 
*« Dr. John Wolcot was born at Dod- M. D. and stepped at once into good prac- 
brooke in Devon, about the year 1 740. It *»ce at Truro. As to his clerical preten- 
is commonly reported, that he received his »»ons, he was always reserved. He once, I 
school education at Kmgsbridge, under a remember, was asked to repeat grace before 
Quaker, and that he went firom Kingsbridge dinner, which he did with some hesitation ; 
to France to complete his studies. I am hut in another company very soon after de- 
^eatly mistaken if I have not heard him clined saying grace: so that at first he was 
say, that he was placed in his childhood un- . » sort of amphibions being. Here, then, 
derthe care of his uncle at Faweyin this commenced my personal acquaintance with 
county, and sent at a proper age to Leskeard him. And 1 can say v^th truth (for I could 
School, when Hayden was its Master; and Vw^ to steer with impartiality between the 
that he was afterwards removed to Bodmin reports of his censurers and admirers), that 
School, where he t)wed part of his scholar- he had the credit not only of a skilful, but 
ship to the Rev. Mr. Fisher. His uncle of » benevolent physician. In fevers, he 
was a surgeon-apothecary of character, and was uncommonly successful. In some cases 
a single man; to whom young Wolcot re- within my knowledge he suffered his pa- 
turned, with the view of succeeding him iir tients to drink cold water, which other me- 
business. Sudi, at least, appears to have dical men would then have deemed fatal, 
been his uncle's wish. But Wolcot was From consumption many were rescued by 
too early attached to the fine arts to submit Ws hand, who had been given up as irreco- 
to compound drugs in a little sea-port town, verable. As a physician he prescribed me- 
To the Mnses he had already begun to sacri- dicines; but he did more: he examined 
fice. I cannot fix the date of tliat plaintive them, not trusting to the apothecary ; and 
song, one of the sweetest of Jackson's Me- sometimes detected with indignation a cheap 
lodies— > medicine substituted' for a costly one. . He 
' How long shall hapless Collin mourn ^as thus no fiivourite with the apothecaries 
The cold regard of Delia's eye,' &c. , 9' druggists of the place ; but his merit, 
, „. , Tx bearing all before it, shewed the impot^ce 
but I know that Wolcot s Delia was no ima- of their resentment. And here I should not 
ginary mistress. His Delia was Miss Cory- omit (as it is connected with his poetry) a 
ton> one of the Crocadou family, with whom vUit to my grandmother Polwhele during 
'he became acquainted during his residence her last illness, which had more of social 
at Fowey. There, also, he discovered his pleasantry tlian of medical gravity. On the 
genius for drawing. In 1769, Sir William ^erge of 85, and reduced very low from 
Trelawny, of Trelawny, hart, was appomt- weakness, she retained her natural cheer- 
ed Governor of Jamaica; when Wolcot, a fiiJncss and good humour. About a week 
distant relation of Trelawny, attended him before her death, whilst Wolcot sat by her 
to that island. On his voyage, thither he bed-side, «all is well (said she) but for the 

_-_--__--_-__—-— ^ crumbs under me ; they are so hard ; boil 

* An early instance of his jocularity is them, and it would do, said she, smiling, 

jnoticed in our review of Mr. Polwhale's < Come, I'H tell you a story.' She then told 
"Essays," &c. vol. xciii. ii. p. 541. the 'story of < the PUgrim and the Pear.* 

18W.1 Riniw.— I^jlwbde'i 7y«hllm> and kteotttttUnu. 189 

Wulcot •(tied tlut iiln, and wc nJI Lnaw ElmiKiflili rearm Grit 4ppMted >t Mlthiin 

■ 1th nhM ftUo'lr ha aftsriniili luroeJ )t to (Mf. NbdIuvsII'i nuulon.hoius ■! St. 

Lii uoetinl ftdwiu^. AgnBi), ■> Mr. N. liiniKlf Infunned toe. 

•• VI<A<im ditllkrd hit profeHloD. Ha At Mithuo [ttheie h» tiitor lived ui ht- 

w» •Iitftj'ikHniwliiti but huchieflujui]' iKt) he wnulil ficc|tKDl)]r iotniduce him- 

su nuiie (Bil |«inliiig, — MiJ)ui1iU't Iimh *b\{ ou tomg pieleaw or other, iiliarc he 

M Truto iniked, «i tl>* one tu which our mi ulacfied to t*ke kil} kcj> upODnfum- 

jKWt chitflji Rurtid. Than he wu uiiullj log [iax, lad then go butily *waj. It 

lo lia fuuBtl, ui<l vu never coDiidcred u an ou ■ crowded nii-turei 1 lrn*w it vtll. But 

uilruderi and in Mr. IHoirit lie u* with after threa or four tudi glmicei to lefraih 

grmtilude (fur ba had gratitude) a •emad hit memoir, he bad naila a correct aketcli 

AJIgn. Tu 107 btUet, too, he »a> do! nil- ofthewhota. He then dn> an eiact like- 

■tveptahle, ai an accidenUl liiilor*! new of old Mil. Nankirell'i tat. Dr. Wo[- 

thoj^h uerDhlioglj elite ai that honuRTed cet ivai deiired to notice the boj'a move' 

(lareac >>U| to every iDjiuuilioD of an iireli- nicati and mamiin ; and had on aoonei 

giouf Vndcatj, ihsra wu oftiuitimei lueh teen the at, tban he cried out in rapture, 

a mului] diilruil belweea Wli, >• to check ' lipui !' and foretold the future deitioiei 

the Docioi't livrl; tillin, aoJ, from the of the tad with all the enthuiiaim of a pro- 

tiuarieuce of farmcT fixliiigi, fender m; phet, and from that ioitant afforded Itim 

bihcr ftuful of olmt kbi 10 come. In pro- ever} puuible ataiitance. Opie'i iatbcr wai 

portioa to the vincitji of wit, nhich «M glad to part with him. He laid, • the boy 

growing mora and more bmiliar eveij m<r- uai pood for nothing — could never inahe a 

manl, 01 taking • mora licentioui range, wlii^ilburrov — wu alwaji giiing upon coti. 

Yet WolcDt wai {bud of my bther'i com- and mring volki in the &«.' The young 

think aerioualy; and, had he more fire- llrit euiilng out at Falmnuth (where it uai 

qtienlad it, would have became, perhapi, WaJL-ot'i pride to exhlhic him), he collected 

sot only alouMt] but altogether a Chrii- upwanii of thirty guiooai: and Wolcot wai 

tiao." one day lurpiiied to tee him raHrOE about 

1-L I ■ r ■ .L . upon the floor, whcro a quantitv of monev 

The wrly prorniae of «dlu. lh.t i,^.^,,,^. '. s„ l,ero\»yXie), hrrj 

broke through the uncouth roannen .be 1, wolring in gould.' It w»i then Wol- 

of Opie 1» well told : „t brought tlie boy 10 me, and prevailed on 

"We war* nnch eatertained alao by that me to tit to him for my poiCrait — a pictuio 

aolivkad cub vt ■ carpentat Opie, wlw wai . noii before mj eyu, ntluablf, nnquewiuo- 

BBw moat lodicrouily exhibilad by hit keep- uliiy, u one of tlia fine efforti u( genius, 

■r, Wolcot — a wild animal of St. Anei, (>|>io wai a gueit of uur aervaiiti: and it 

caught among the lin-worki. An incidental ' "f t)ie taik of a faithful gervMit (who died 

touch of hi> character, ai gtariuE in wonder- nut uiiuy ycaii ilnrc about the a^ of 90), 

ment at an old hmily portrait, hath already it wai har luk to (ntertain him. In hii 

•uggnted lo my rMdera as idea of hii progreii thiouch the county, puaing htm 

clowniibaau, which, indead, wai >a unique, one gentleman i hU (o another, be wu, -' 

u to de^ all deacrlptioi •' ' -- ■ > - ^ . , 

(eetli with a fork at i! . , . . ^ , 

break£ut to ' clap hli vindgen ' into the u a Turk < in taking aff" a bead, or a head 

iiinr-liaion, &c. Sw. ware instruetioni of and ihoulden, and in repreienting ftaturei, 

Wolcot, at a luhaequeat itage [[ might and (whb the lower orden) even their cut 

•ay) of Opie'i life, when breakfiut-roomi and character, he could not catch a tnlt of 

and laloooi and drawing-room! wire thrown feminine graoi or delicacy. To a lady of 

rto hit czctUtnct. At tlie niomeut of our party, on whom ha fint tried hii liand, 

li 1 DOW ipeak, the manner) of every — ' Sbaant I diaa ye, u ye be?' — wu a 

Krvant'i hall in Camwal) were ioBnitely queition not loon (o be forgoltan. He had 

■upaiioi tu Opie'i. The icrongeit iodica- nit her likeoeii, but had loat all the fine ei- 

preulon of her countenaoce. WhUit Opie 

* "Among other viiltors were the Glddyi: tbui betrayed hii inieniibility to female 

and [ remember in Divifi Giddy [now Gil- huuty, ray boybh feellngi were evaporating 

b«rt), at Polwhde, inch indicationi of ce- in a lonnet, or my indignation at the lude- 

aiui u an eeldom dlicoverable in a child, neii of the arliit, pnnoked an epigram. 

So occupied (m one time) wu hi> atten- " Such wu the following t 

tioB during dinner, by a print (I think) of lAhl ipaie, rude boy ! that virgin cheek 

the death of General Wolft, that he laid Where love liei ambuih'd in a dimple I 

down hii knife and fork, and ate nothing. Qo — try thy band on Prudence P k», 

At a Tniro acHioni, not long afteiwsrdi Thy pencil would bit off lier pmple.' 

(accompanying hii father, u be alwaii did 

from early childhood], „ . . 

bench by the (|uicki>ei> and cuirectocM uf * All eye* might ita the piB{de on hci 
•ome arithmetical aalcuUtiun 

JL40 Ij^^Tr-rrPofhfolfft'i Tiituiift QtaOKmr. EF«b. 

, W» tv^*ii.oiBjl«<J «P iwe th»t Mr. wnHmrt*, ?!* tj»( Sl'P'W f*l f«- 

Folwbela yrnt lioni W Tnico, »t wbiph p^l9P wbli^ '''^S?!? Ci)d«ti«fi fonltudv 

|JK« be WM educsUv), and uhibtM <™lrMl™tIoa. ?«!)»• &p ^fjuani IntL- 

»My earfy indicatioiu of poetic gmim. n»t™ 1 bb™ teoeiFeJ^of* tniwitioD ftpm 

U 1778 he tva> enlered at Oxford, jlw 'f*" »' **'»8 »» ?"?!'"', ""l V'^ 

qlie Mperience of Mr. Polwhde may \^^^ .orse degfte profitJ.le ; I y,«\ Aej 

t^. . , ■' hftd been stDI more bo« bv eicitmi' & mora 

«r« tp di^arage that mjmkCLOus ap- (^^^, ;[i' ■;; ^' J. ^ £ ^ 

probation ofjuvenile poeiry. which i» ^;„j. j,;^ -^ ^^ i^Aour of db.Z! 

}»>hlch flla Kholar should attach hini- .< ■ftj faead.hip -hich h<^ .^^hiei be- 

K" BJmiMt (xclusjidy djinng Iho first iF^et w trads ma lo »:eh ilut, If mj iUoc- 

jeam pr lii# r|«ldpDca BE the UqiyeFr der ^nuld continue to iucreue, I might see 

, Blly. He aays, p. So, &>il fl^te to [aie oas long, long fnreweU. 

" Hsd I cooBned m^aelf lo CuUaga eiar- Bitf prahi^ I inaj jet fiadTielp. My rase, 

^lea, it wu ttie opiaion of Dr. Bathurii Uioi|gb jerj dvigarous, ii not absolutely 

(Caniin of Cbrist C'liuruli), thnt I ahauld jkipefa^) uid, ti^ as tbla wurlH is, cbere 

iukve wim tlu vrenthi of latatj la ths vb- in • £m In it Kbam 1 nub not butilj to 

riauicontutafoisciidanrinilboDoui'B. But, Wlu ItrKb, bnwerer, tu feel mj mind in 

unfortunately, my llath and Bristol friends, VMt (tBte of resignation to the diGposal of 

Mrs. Macaulay mil Ui. Wllion (sun of the perfect wiidom and gondneii which becomes 

£Ood Bishop of Sodor»udM»n), Mrs. Hon- " " 

aih More, Mr. Rock, and the Ret. Mr, 
Towgood (one of the bcEt writer! in the 

Biographia Britannica), bad flattered the , 

Bchuuliiuy') Muse i and 1 cuatlnued to tc- from tbe« "iU do ins good, and that I am 

pumul^Fa atania^ qpop i^niai, u uicUn*- moat ^cerely thj iffeetionate liiend, 

tiop prompteil. It ii true, Tom Wartoi} EdnunD RjtCK. 

(lioisflf had ipuksii veil of mj ■Caiq ffi*- (T^ I'' amtitmei-J 

Vorpr)' and ■ poeflcaj ' £pi>tte Aom Hour ^ 

mood to He^ry- w» thouBtl worlh, of a U, JTl, Thmirt'i Grarnvw-Tt or Rata rs- 

ijaca Binong Mr.. Macwday i MiaceUanf om ■ Jnfe^ („ (fe Scmery imd Anlumitia in- 

Work.,— • quarto Tolume, which It. repuh- jirf™, j, TravcOrrt; eompUd from the 

licao mincipies baya ioductd hef fnaiidi to j^ JuOailia, and inciudine ■" Epi- 

ad'ae her to loppreis. I fcad, t Ju^wiae, oi- tomt <if Gilpm'i PrintipUs qf the Pic- 

Toked 'The Spirit of Fraiet, ui an odai turaque. By (feRro. T. D. Fosbroka, 

and in a littU ■atirle sketch, I bad laughed il.A. P.S.Ji. Xn.tfh Mmi.JrUrod. 

4C 'TheFollietof Oaford'." pp. ad. SSO. 

Atnong the correspondent, of Mr. L'ENNUI du Btau amine U gout 
Polwhele durLng hjs resLdenc. at Ox- ^ ringuiiV. is an adage of awful 
ford was Mr.ftack. The fcUowirg "^y^^^^i^ ^^, Birmingham tea- 
Letter, addressed to Mr. Towsood, w« ^^^^ f paintinp, looking-glass and 
(hmkbeauffulofrnkind: ilock-caee 'finery* ^r h^Alg^. aJ 

" My pear Fr,end,-Mi ., enco to »e»e- baW-houie prettlness aipong ihe grand 

rd of tl«ne and th;f hrotter'. letters W ^„'„ „f „^j^. WthTng ifke a 

trom an incapacity of wntiujfi occasioned bv . ^ , i ■ . ■ f^-, 
naar a moatl?. iilapositior My cou.plaiut »lte'np«'i ! ="'3. '■» <»■' <■?""<>" Gil- 
is the jeliuwiaundiceTin a high degree, and P'" H .^healdy, Arcodt, Ambo, 
of an obstinate kind. I ban tried many """"e «ld down the' grand rules of the 
things, but find them aU ineffectual. My picturesque. At least, they have no 

r'thecary fears it's a Utt case, lie thinka trumperf, thongb (he milliner; taste 

livei has ceased to perbrm iu office, of our French neighbourt has intruded 

and to make iu natural iBcretlDnt', if ao, into our furniture, and woul^ willingly 

inr time in tWa world will probably be ihoft, decprate the garden. \Vbat it would 

I hare long thought the ' allter cord wonld ijo with B rock ot ^ mountain, we can- 

■ooD be broken.' Be this as it may, tb« ^(,1 tell; but we sulemtily believe that 

proapeot js jo/emn, although I hope I may ■^^ „o„;j ^^<^^ ,^t|j aHifidal goj for- 

«iy with truth not W>E To leare.^ j ih« it WOoU thtOW upstairs and 

world and idl ,t, comfortt, t» !» «P«««rf balustrades, and build 6um£,er-houses 

trom erery thm? of vhicit we can form any ,_ . , _ j , _l 

idea, to have e™tyeonu«londi..olyed.«.a "!»" ihem at least, and make the 

the most sacred ties of friendship brokenfbr mountain the bM« of a coltwal statue 

eier, and to enter into a new and untried »>' tn= geniui of France, with one foot 

Itata of belof. Is a change of sach magoi- trampling upon thegnbdued and weep- 

tait, that It ia too mncb for the niinl to ing Biitanma. " Pmeul, eh I Precui," 

howtrer, n'f all ga rtten-fsi J/infri j and Taste, In an acccplatiou of the word, 

ai Ejigbnd baa alnaj'i beta Eupcrim >ii(riEieiiLl]r uicful (ot commoD pui- 

fot laoJicspc gardening, ao cilo fer- poaet, is ceriaioly an tflait of acquiu- 

pclua be the lupcriotity. In liltle lion, and what is bcal, it is alnitni in- 

ihipos, table-iizcdiawnlcu Aitdloyihop luitivdy leuned. Pertons who have 

gaudincsi may ht proper, bccaiut ih«] only ouce or twice vliited the London 

CUQ bare nolhiog in le i thiir oina- Theairts, never admire the barn of 

menu give ihem only > being and a slrolline performen. 

nunc; ihcy arc dolli only, anc| must To intiB eeiteral account* of tb« 

tie drested ; but where the oak baa Picturesque, Air. Foibrukc baa added 

room to )p read iu giant ami, where such userul infomiaiionconceinias the 

■pji'e adaiila variety, where pclty dii- lituationi of boiuci, difpoutign of of- 

ptay is lost in ihe general eflect, incoar ficet, and other particulars, 4s niusf 

griioui decoration ii juil a* talional m be eminently adranla^ou) to all pUr 

11 would be to clothe the (''oineaiai) fona who inuod to built) or improve; 

Hercules in the courl-dieM of a lady, for asiutedly when a ii|bI) )* goins lo 

rouee big chcfki, give him a lace and Uy out his money. |ic ahoidd liist 

feathered head-dregs, and a petticoat learn what is the liost way in which 

train, and iliiii shoes. Here we shall he can expend it. 

slop, for I'crbum tal, — and we should Tlie dcparlmcnt of *' Antiquities '* 

not have gone ao far, had there not CDDsisltareartbwoik9,iud«stonenorks. 

Iieen recent works where art and pu< aubdiTided into barrow!, banki, ana 

diuess have aitempicd to introduce djtcbe*, cairni, camp* (British, Ro- 

mere pantomime scenery into sublime man, and Anglo-Saxon), fnrli, niinof 

landscape. earthworks, toadi, British irackwaji, 

Gilpin's wprka are from eipcnce so Uouian stations, towns, and villa/jiea, 

lioiiled in circulation ; and Wliately to British. Roman, and English, Diuidij 

diilicult to be procured ; Price to clft- eal Antiquities ; Cyclopean, Greek, 

g.-inily descriptive, and to close tana- Itoaian, and English archilvctuie ; 

lure, that they are the Attest studies lot orders of Arch i lecture, Egyptian, 

a louriit or a topographer. We mean Greek, and Guihic (where, p. Ifis, 

luiihing in depreciatiDU of iho»e who loiae new ideas are inlioduced), Greek 

lay out pound) upon certain rules, no and Roman edifice], a> tenipki, (Ilea-, 

more ttutn we itioiild of those whq ires, am phi theatres, stadia^ circuiea, 

build streets of houtn, 01 make Teasels aqueducts, bridges, acropolei, tOKU* 

of glass, siivrr, or potteries. Il i* mere wallt. baths, obelisk), triumphal 

wiirk, aceoidiog lo an established mo- arches, treasuries, houses (among 

del. But a tourist o( a traveller is not nhich, p. 134, is the plan of an aur 

alteiitiie to the eortenu of a shop, to cienl Greek bguse, a curioua desidetivt ' 

giass-plols worked hke muslin gown* turn), edifice* Qf the middle age, a* 

into shrub and flower patterns. He castles, fortified iqanor- houtet, forms 

lookt into sreaier things I the sublime, of English houses, a new cbs^ilica- 

the beautiiul, the romantic, distinct or lion, churches, tombs, monnotenti, 

blended. His mind is elevated frum painted glass, crosses, &c. 

Niiuie to Nature's God,— "Such I That such a mats of information 

AM," it the grand feeling which the collected into a tnullcoupui must be 

landscape of Umnipotenco presents ^ Tery useful, cannnt be doubted; and 

and he who would only bawl for q we sincerely hope that it will have the 

taniern, if bcniahted in a shrubbery, eflcct drticed by the auiboi, and staled 

finds that " darkness may be felt in in the following words of the Preface, 

his inward bosom,'' under a midnight " Tl** •ork MpUIns iutl^ aoJ will, it 

taroble through an ancient wood.— ii tnuted,bo vtrjuiefiJ, *• th» EomcId- 

KiiLent and lap-doai may gambol p*<li» of AntiquioM w« int«od«d to /icin- 

thrubberres and front-dooi uw ^«MrJ «»u«.tl™ of AmWlogj, .0 

but no luiriu haunt the one, !^, ^'I'J!'!?!;. hV. ""?"?j"'.i!! 

greens; but no tuinu naunt ine one, - , , " „/.i„ p;,, 

or fairies dance u»n U.e other. 'Ant^'-l-T/eiSlr^X'^^.H.r.. tl,. „- 

By brmgmg, therefore, the know- ,^,„ ^ „],^t -ill, it k hopeJ. '""ble the 

Mge rcquiatte U> form a correct taste jooritt to Uv* a bigW nlayiMat of b> 

upon the anbject mto t cheap and o\ ncnnin [JeHures, ud tli« TopognphM 

couti* an Kceatible forta, Mfc ibink lo nUnn tlu bmiwu of dHeriptiaa by 

that Mr.Foabrokehai conferred a li- lattirfuj tad Jattatiti^ aiUiiigw. &^pM 

l<nrj[ hp'f ^^ "P*"^ ''" puUick. It pifcwl 490*1 bMVWi 4><i«fb .fiuiit 


148 Rkyibw«— ^BemarXci on Improvemnli in theMkfopoUs. [Feb. 

prinetpt, hU principles are in placet con- ''remarks'' to be penned by a Right 

taMed, and^Mcause they have the bearing Honourable Member of his Majesty's 

of a more exclusive estimate of landscape- I^ivy Council *, and who is alike dis- 

gardenmg by the qualities characteristic of tinguished for his knowledge of the 

good paintings. Besides, this Introduction pj^^ ^^ts, as for his devotion to the 

is an excelle«t^^c«d«u» before entenng on Government of his country, we peruse 

the Grammar. them witH tenfold interest, and pay ' 

^ deference to every thing like opinion, 
16. Remarks and SuggestioM en Improve-, ^qj ^q every recommended improve- 
ments now aurving on, ^ under Owui- ^^^1, Speaking of the present rage 
dtration. Hatcbard and Son. ^^ ^^cral informatiop, it stales, "if 
SEATED as we are in the midst of the lower classes are better instructed, 
many of the improvements noticed in the upper classes must endeavour to 
the pamphlet above named, we are not attain still higher acquirements, 
only fully sensible of what has been Among the accomplishments which 
done and is doing, but are also appre- peculiarly belong to the higher orders 
hensive that our own ** local habita- of society, and which those in infe- 
tion," though not name, may be swept rior stations would find great difficulty 
away to make room for spacious streets in acquiring, is a taste for the liberal 
and splendid buildings. At the pre- arts \ those who have cultivated it will 
sent momentous epoch, when the de- find their labours most amply repaid 
mon of ruin and panic is prowling by the pleasure and enjoyments it will 
through the London counting-houses, afford them through lite. Painting, 
and the spirit of improvement and sculpture, architecture, the improve- 
grandeur is hoverinjgj over the public ment of the Metropolis, the formation 
works, the Philosophic Historian con- of a National Gallery of Painting and 
templates the scene with intense Sculpture, are now the common sub- 
anxiety and solicitude. He is enabled jects of conversation." 
to ascertain the present, he reflects on This admission from snch a quarter 
the past, and looks forward to the fu- must be peculiarly gratifying to the 
ture with mingled emotions of doubt lovers of art, whetner professors or 
and confidence. From the annals of amateurs, as well as to the philosopher 
other nations and other times, he en- and man of literature. For whatever 
deavours to predict and anticipate tends to detach the mind from the ca- 
e%'ents to come ; but he is also well bals and intrigues of party, from the 
aware that the great revolutions of the irritating and endless disputes about 
political and moral world, which have creeds and religions, and to direct it 
occurred in his own times, must ren- into the regions of taste and harmony, 
der precedents almost useless, and must be good, andf therefore conducive 
theretbre make him humble, but to happiness. The external effects, and 
hopeful. He knows that certain ef- internal comforts, and even luxuries of 
fects have arisen from given causes; building are of primary importance, 
and he is also aware of recent and These are " the outward and visible 
present events ; but he does not ven- signs*' of wealth, and of a nation's 
ture to predict results. Whatever is moral character. We cannot, thepe- 
wisely planned and honestly effected, fore, be too urgent in recommending 
he knows must be conducive to the his Majesty's Ministers, as well as 
public good. Parliament, to grant liberally but dis- 

The pamphlet now before us is evi- erectly their funds on public works, 

dently written by a person well ac- Speaking of the alterations in fFest* 

quainted with the various subjects it minster, the writer says, that the of- 

notices and discusses. Its tone and fices or old houses between the Hall 

language are strictly parliamentary, and the Thames " will shortly remove 

and manifests at once sound policy themselves, if no human aid is applied 

and marked discretion. Though it be to their removal,** on which ground 

generally very impartial and discrimi- " new Courts of Law might be erect- 

Dating, we detect a little favouritism: ed, if necessary, the architectural cha- 

but this is almost a pardonable error, racter of which should accord with 

for the man who is insensible to friend* that of Westminster Hall.*' In this 

ship, and would not rather serve a sentiment we fully acquiesce, but ap- 

friend than a stranger, is not to be 

enviedt or admired. Believing these * I| is attributed to Sir C. Long. 

prebend that the Parliament nmy hoii- cofDmeinorale by itt jcMgnand-teol^ 
tate in granting the necessary funds, tural ornaments, the memorable audi 
We are well assured that the learned and triumphal viotortes which have beeft 
scientiiic Architect of the Law Courts achieved by our naval and military h^* 
was precluded from imitating the North roes, we must own that we look fop* 
Front of the Hall in the flank wall to ward with anxidqs solicitude for the 
the West of that noble building. To completion of this edifice. The proiid ' 
fancy that he could not copy the style and magnanimous Roman Emperoja 
and peculiar decorations ot that edi- have given perpetuity to their names 
fice, or adapt an analogous design for and exploits bjr triumphal arches, the 
any new appendage to it, would be- remains of which stilt ornament th^ 
tray an ignorance of Mr. Soane*s imperial city. Buonaparte also, in 
powers and knowledge. imitation of those illustrious Mq- 
The next suggestion of the Honour- narchs, raised arches and other build- 
able Author makes our codipositors, ings; but England,. which fortunately 
f)ressinen, and even devils, tremble; is ruled by a mixed Government, 
or it hints at the removal of all the and not a military Monarch, has hi- 
houses between Parliament-street and therto neglected to call in the aid of 
King-street, and the remaining side of Architecture to adorn her Metropolist 
King-street to be rebuilt. That pri- and to honour her heroes, 
vate advantage should give way to pub- The subject now under considei^- 
lic good, is a maxim not to be denied, tion will be resumed in our nexl 
and that this proposed change would Number: in the mean time, we b^ 
be productive of fine effects and good to direct the reader to the pamphl^ 
results we most readily admit. Pair itself, and to the Introduction to the 
but moderate compensat ion, and every '' Original Picture of London*' for 1 8£^ 
facility should be afforded to combine as. well as to the Preface to the first v^ 
rapidity with substantial execution.-— lume of '' Illustrations of the Pui>lic 
Remembering as we do what has al- Buildings, of London." B* 
ready been done in Westminster with- ^ 
in the present century, and even dur- \ " 
ing the prosperous reLn of our liberal *«• J^ Scarbdrougb Album of HiHory 
and enlightened Sovereign, we do not and Poetry. Scarborough, John Cole. . 
despair of seeing this great and noble THIS elegant little .volume contains 
plan carried into effect. Nor do we much that is desirable to guide the vi- 
think it improbable that the beautiful sitors of Scarborough to the numer- 
design exhibited by Mr. Soane last ous seats of pleasure, of literature, and 
year in the Royal Academy, of a noble of romantic pictures(}ue, that are to be 
Triumphal Arch thrown across Down- found in that fashionable watering- 
ing-street, and thus giving an architec- place, and adjacent villages. Take- 
tural connection between the fine Scarborough and its environs in cpn- 
mass of offices on the one side, with junction, and there will be found 
corresponding buildings on the other, " scenes worthy of the pen of Virgil^ 
may speedily be erected. The author or the pencil of Lorraine." The maff- 
of "Some Remarks*' thinks such an nificent ruins of the almost inaccessi- 
arch " would be c^siraZ'/^ ;" but if we ble castle recal to our memory the 
remember the style, character, and in- warlike character of our ancestors ; 
tention of the one designed by Mr. whilst the charitable institutions, and 
Soane, we cannot help thinking it places of amusement, proclaim the 
would be at once expedient, patriotic, nenevolent and peaceful dispositions 
and magnanimous, to commence such of the present burghers and their fa- 
a work without delay. Opening, as it shionable visitors, 
should do, to St. James's Park, and From pages 92 to 97 we have anao- 
facing a line of road from the new count ot the dying moments of the 
Ro^aT Palace, — connecting and com- ** younger VilHers, Duke of Bucking- 
bining with the offices and mansions ham;*' in which is introduced the 
of the three Secretaries of State, the Duke's awful letter to the Rev. Dr. 

Board of Trade, the Council Office, W. . Who can read this awinl let- 

ihe Treasury, &c. and forming a prin- ter without a tear? and who can con- 

cipal architectural object in the scene, trast the death-bed of a libertine with 

wneneyer his Majesty approaches the the . conduct of his earlier, years with- 

House of Lords,— intended also to out feeling the force of the remarks 


Rtff n#.-ADl$ eHiUri Li^lim oH JBi%|tMtf. 


c«ftifiiine(t ift Ihis ttuly OlH^tiah l«l-' 
ter? Much hds be^i^ teffd t^t^fcctitl^; 
fhe blattpheiAOQS fitetUM Whielir CiCHttli? 
ha^ the effrontery to i^hibiu to ttytf 
htiarding of thd religkMi of but cfmniff,' 
]tnd to the ahDoyance bf a Chriniatf 
^tfbltC ; but n6 pas^aee so fbrcibly a^- 
pHeii to the apatny of oUr kws as thi^ 
iti the Duke'a lettei^: 

«< Sliaii toi insult oSkted to the ltln| be 
(ooked upon hi the moit offensive' lights 
And yet no notice talr^a wh^ ^e Kinj of 
kings iff traAted y/rith indigmly Ml dttr^ 

The ^6nd part c6nitii$ of a series 
of eabin^t views of . Scarborough, 
finely Cn^raved by Mr. J. C. Sifiithy a 
tery promising irG^utig artist (speci- 
mens of whose talenta have frequently 
adorned our pages) ; with descriptive 
notices'. They are, 1. View of the 
iowh, presenting at once ah idea of 
the romantic and the ^rahd. The 
ocea^ htving the town' at th^ base of 
the r6Ck> and the magnificent remain^ 
«f the dastle on \ti summit, are all i^^Il 
pbtirtfaiyed. Sf. Vi^w 6f the cdEstle WitS 
ttl tnassy keep;, a beantifbl lighf €ti'i 
grating. 3. View through' an cm* 
brasure of the castle, of the piers and 
part of the town; the ^owerin^ cliffs 
and expansive ocean form beautiful 
receding objects for the eye. 4. The 
lady'^ well in the castle-yard. 5. Effigy 
&f a ci^s-Iegged knisht. 6. Scalby miTf, 
fbmatitically situated in a: deliehtfuf re- 
cess on the North shbfe of Scarborbiigh. 
From the seslts here a i^st beatitlful 
6cene (ei^hibited in this eiigravTng) pi^e- 
^efits itself of the ruins of the casne atid 
the ocean. 7. Exteirioj view of the 
South potch of Seamet Church. 

The third part of this ihretettihg Al- 
bihfij hr entitled *'The Muse,*' 'en- 
^^rreith'd" with many si shinine flower.* 
To endch this department the Muse 
of Mr. Archdeacpn \Vrangham bars 
h6ta invoked, and selectioiis ftom the 
ptodoctions of Otofg^ Benti^t th^ 
ytmtiger h&ve been tnade, Froih thtis 
pardon: of the work, vee selected iVi 
our last, p. 71» a specimen, entitled 
^* Kifk^y Mbbi^V* highly crcdita- 
ble 16 a contnburtdt ^ho&ssfOhxi^s'tlhe 
signature of MALvn^A. 

Holsteln. 8eo.' pp, a9^ 

THERB' aire tWb thitirgsf wiifiiHt 
Frttichfl^en <«Ah iStiet da; otie H, 

spellintt Bn^ih tiatM odrreetYy (an 
itnperieotibn ea^ly cuM by 6iily tran- 
kitmng thetn ftbhi Ehglfsh books) ; 
and the otheiP is A cotrebt conSnr^en- 
^i6n of Efiglfsh manners tod the ope- 
ration of the Constitution. They have 
iefen the whole machinery work well, 
but how and which tt^ay ft is enabled 
to do so, thej^ cefrtainly cannot com- 
prehend. By this we do not mean 
that they ate deficient in intellect, 
6hly that they cannot be made to see 
that which an Englishman sees intai- 
tHn%. We wil*, WoV^^ever, do the Ba- 
ron de Staelthe justice to say that he 
tinderstahds it, a^ fi^r afs a foreigner can 
^ifhdemtanfd it. 

A shbrt 8tat^<neftt niay assist them. 
The fo^ieigh affairs afre Wholly coa- 
dopted by the King nhd his Ministers. 
With' the internal Government it may 
be said that ^hcy do not and cannot 
interfere, fot that iff conducted upon 
ah estjftlished cbde of laws by inde- 
^ndent judicial tiibunals, and unpaid 
niaghti^tesl Art Englishman, there- 
kfftt, H b6tthd' doVm to no modes of 
cpnddct iA particular, unless he in- 
ft^nge^ die la\^s. The King ami two 
Houses of ParHatnent strictly limit th6 
exercise of theii^ power to fc^slation, 
and eanVfl^fiff the conduct of Alinis- 
ters. With me people tkey^ neter in- 
terfefe^. TOftr^ iff o6 espionage, no 
stiWt^illanee exeVtfiM xi dn engine of 
Government. The Jaagisftracy is en- 
fiteh^ passivfc; Aii Independent man 
(and such art? thfe riaijority of the peo- 
^e, D^ith resard to any interests de- 
pendent oh tlfe GroWrt, the Ministers, 
the Senate,' oi* die Magistracy) as he 
^s^peets hothihg, so he fears nothing 
but vi6latiotv of thcf Mv^. He there- 
fyr6 Speaks as* h^ thinks, concerning 
ineh and llhei^ n^asni^, and they in 
their turn knaW^tH H ?s utterly im- 
6bssiMe ehh^f to pt>hfetit 6r revenge 
racfh speech ^ Actioh, if- it does hot 
affee* the j^r?? atd chi^rii6fer of property 
of tKef persmi Sfttaak^. In short, all 
th^ ii ai chfaf tti d^-iight to John 
BitHl, but hot so to foreigners, because 
tft«ip Gdverhikieht, al\^ays afraid of 
t^^^dli, act toWtitSi theih like school- 
miMitTi towai^ their pupils, sdways 
Iife<^ ^ih^ under the eye and the rod. 

" *'-' — ■■ — '•: •■'••-. ••-••, 

^ fh^'Bai^oii atleiid^a County meetidg 
ib petltiti^ fdi F^Umetifacry Reform, &c. 
md saysj tUtt si- Pd^ v^vrnj wbdd hare 

Add U thu, that Ibe Baron uj% (p.- nalioa BOMft* iM tOUt Mta, mi-^KAnt ■ 

Q$), pubKe cmploymenu, pamralarly opmion bMonm unn aid nun th* nal' 

cMi Ihe continmt, are ihe chief lourM "wwgB of itw oobmtj." P. 10». 

of wealth in ihe higher rank of «- ^avt abrourf, a Ccnmnhip ii laid 

c.cty!"andap»n(p.lOI),"lhc»«i« „„on ,],, Pros, and (we believe) the 

Kck afltr place. M the iimpleU mean* Legiil^Hive Body in France caT.nol ori- 

of enncliing ihemtelvei ; and Mlfilb. gj^ale any measure, only diicus. those 

nen >nd vanity daily ilicrea»e the in- „hich are ptoiwied by the Sovereign, 

fluence of Gowrnment' ." Such a Thcie are checki evidently oppowAo 

couniry.' Kj» Malihui, " .. ihe wit ,l,e „rapag»tion atiJ powerofopiniooi. 

foreitubliiliiiHia mihtaiy despotliai. ' j(„t ;„ England, our author say* 

Now in hnfiland. if a man wi»he» lO rcry justly, that the puilicilv of eiiera 

mske a fortune, be me. into baiineu, „„, , po///ita/, i) a vnal tccurily to the 

very well knowing ilial he ctnnoc ob^ g^f^y ^r the people, and the wlKlom 

tain placet under Gorernment, in «(• „( ^\,g GoTemnienl 

ret:i Mich an ohjecl. A presi ouicry. The following pteuliarilu of Eag- 

on the contrary. i> railed, if even a >in- ijshmen is highly iiiteralinn : 

glecew placed created- ..^^^ 5„^ ^^^^^.^ ^^ ^^ 

The cotisequeoce of all (his ts, that ^^ ^ |,„j i„ ^^, i. ^ l^K,^, 

the public mind ii nolditpoied to adu- ,, „|,ej , Gcllnnaa. u. «preuiao th.t 

lation of Ihe governing^ powew, be- [,„ ^^ cot™|MiDi!iiij; t»rm io Fr»Dih, and 

cause people have no intemt in »o , prft^, knowi.dg, of -hich impiici Io ii- 

dning; but they fetl ^reat il1tere*t, on .tlf alune a prrtly long ranillirity mith 

the contrary, in securing their COilsli- Kncliih maonfri. The term palil-hiaHme 

tnlionat righit rioiti aggtcirion, and wiili ui ii applied ncluiiTely to birlh; that 

know that every class of their ralers "f homnr amfie il foul to maoatn and 

has definite and limiled powers, vrhich •"'■no '" tot'dj i thme ot galmil homme 

it cannot enceed, in order to beeome "o'',/""""' * "^'t U cooduci tod cIiitm- 

oppreisive, without beini; stopped by, 

the law. The author before us sees The Baron then proceeds |d gire us 

alt this, thoneh through a ela»s, and Aw definition of the English meaning 

thuiexpbiniit: '• ^ of gentleman, hut which definition 

„ , , , , onlv shows the incapacity ofjareigneri 

if °,^u" .h,^d^ff««T^"«t'"« ^1^ " *""»* «'''•'"«;!" o"" *»irth„ fortune,- 

n>.n-,miU have .Jieo i« them. la Eng- 'j'''-';.'. «' •tHjSHon. and moral, 

Und. wb«< ih* people have earned frnm »'«. css' constituent, of our idea. 

time immeinnrial initiCiitioai, imperrrct it '>■ ^ genllrman ; but there are ihou- 

muit ba caarnitd, yet CDntainin),' ia them sands whom we, daily allow to " Aatie 

the Rtrms of order snd liberty, ihey ctnild eery rsaeA of Ihe ntntleman in Ihem," 

not bitt apply thrmielvri mora particularly wiinout some, pcihaps many of these 

lu improve nhu eniited, u defcad ilw oualilies. The fact is. ihal we apply 

right- they h«d acijuired, and to eecure ilie term to modes of conduct and be- 

thcm b. actual guarautw.. Thu. firm per- hdvioiir, which we cmiceive to be the 

™a.ioj.|. and pr.cticJ ide« ha« been form- besl. and the a,ith,,r Is correct in the 
rA. The fc'tm of Trial hv Jiirj, the liberty 

mblin^, h>vel>ecomcpol1ti< 

of fiiih, that every cili/en adopu ai it -ere " "^^ P"p'« <>' Enslantl ^'■••t • remai 

.1 hit biilh, and that iulluence llie -bole of «*•'* "!•=• f«li"g '" «■■!• re.pect, and «- 

bii opinion! and conduct, cenenllv whhuul '"e aplendour of iha higheat raoV irill t< 

aiiempiing to accoupt for tliem ;— all know dom mlilnd them. If a man of th, higln 

their rleht. and llicir dullei, all ar« jcaloui b'rth depart la hi conduct, or merely la I 

n.rt onlv "f their o«n prerogall.e., but of maooen, from what h.s ailuatioa require. 

tho» of each ..r their feltu. citi»n<, and ><im, yju,"!", 
are aequiioled with the inllitDtian) that se- 
cure [hem, and tlie mo.le of action of each 
ol ttiese in.titulionv" (p. «S, 86. 

M, ^ , - . . L injukiice, II Lie ixiiais imiwuenT il 

. de StiL-l V, ryjuslly observci that „\^^^^ t„,^ the man *hrju« 

" Io prnpcriion » lIif loplal order i. cle- coited him with the most lubmiuive tiumi- 

vited hy the prngrei. of koowledge, the lily, you >i]l immediately Ke a proud nide- 

bMT nf the pi.liiiral edifice enlarges, the mis iooceed to that reipect nhicli was ae- 

If thii great lotd be guilty of the least 
~ if lie bebavfl im^u'opeily io certaia 


Rbvibw.— Bw^op of Glouceii&*s Sermcn. 


corded to rank) bvt is refused to arroeance. 
The. sentiment of right is so strongly im- 
printed on English rninds, that every human 
consideration vanishes as soon as this vital 
principle of social dignity and liberty has 
to fear the slightest infringement ; and in a 
country so monarchical, even the splendour 
of Royalty is insufficient to cover the least 
infraction of what all the citizens consider 
as their common patrimony." P. 134. 

combats our laws of primogenitut'e in 
the descent of property. He plainly 
proves that the subdivision of estates is 
not attended with consequences so bad 
as those stated in the Edinburgh Re- 
view $ but the basis of that masterly 
ariicle, in defence of the law and its 
superior political and civil benefit, is 
sound and incontrovertible. And, in- 
deed, the French Government are now 

Our author says, concerning the fully convinced of the necessity of an 

trial against the Court for the foot- alteration in this respect, 

path at Richmond, that " we should We cordially recommend this very 

not find many citizens in Paris who able work to the perusal of all who 

would have resisted the encroachment, loye their country. Justice is done to 

or Judges who would have decreed in u^, and we may acquire an accession 

their favour'' (p. 135); and yet he justly of knowledge which will augment 

says that "these men are not stern re- "that intellectual homogeneousness*' 
publicans, enemies to Royalty or the* (and consequently strength of cohe- 

Aristocracy. On the contrary, no one sion) which forms the national soul. 

. desires to pull down Farquhar, Roths- 
child, Baring, or any Colossus of 
\yealth, in order to share his spoils, 
the mode of dimhiishing inequalities 
in England being by elevation of the 
lower ranks, not by the depression of 
the higher. P. 137. 

We must notice a curious mistake 
of the Baron. Secresy is as much the 
duly of the Cabinet as of Freemasons ; 
and be regards an adroit evasion of an 
improper request in the following erro- 
neous light: 

"Willi regard to political news, pabli> 
city is so much a common right, that a Mi- 
nister frequently sends tvhat he receives to the 
newspapers, even before he communicates it 
to his colleagues pi I ^^ accidentally 
at the office in Downlng-street, when a di- 
plomatist recently laivied' in England, and 
quite fresh from the school of Ratlsbon, 
came to ask Lord Castlereagh if he had re- 
ceived any news? 'News!' answered his 
Lordship ; * yes, certainly, and very import- 
ant .news ; here is the second edition of the 

M, A Sermon preached at the Anniversary 
of the Royal Humane Society in the Pa- 
rish Church of St* George's, Bloomsbury, 
on Sunday Morning, April 17, 1826. By 
the Right Rev, Christopher Bethell, D,D. 
Lord Bishop o/* Gloucester. 8w. pp. 22, 

SCRIPTURE contains the most 
elevated reason, and to develope this is 
the object of that piety which delights 
in exhibiting the glory of God, and 
establishing the pertection of revealed 
instruction. The Sermon before us is 
of this description, logical and edify- 
ing, one of those discourses which 
show the superiority of an educated 
over an uneducated man ; for abi- 
lity to write consecutively, and pre- 
cisely, is not to be acquired hut by 
practice, reading, and fine education. 

We like to see the Clergy Scholars 
as well us Divines, meu of reason us 
well as revelation, and are satisfied that 
their Superiorhy will cease when The- 
ology is to merse in declamation about 

Omrier just published; read it. and you oiogy 18 10 merge in aeciamaiion aoout 
will know all I know.' Never in my life the fall and the atonement, because 

that is a Scotch Degree in divinity, 
which- every man can take. But thi- 
ther the times are hastening,^ and sadly 

shall I forget the countenance of the diplo- 
matist, stupefied at being acquainted in such 
a simple manner with what was to be known 
by all the world. * What 1' his lodks seemed 
to say, * not a note, not a memorandum, no- 
thing official, only a newspaper to send to 
my Court ! I shall neither have the ho- 
nour of secresy nor the pleasure of indis- 
cretion." pp. 159, 160. 

Our readers all know the newspaper 

we fear that a Humane Society in the 
Church will soon be wanted to rescue 
Hooker, Sherlock, Prideaux, &c. &c. 
from being utterly drowned in the wa- 
ters of Leme; for already they are in a 
state of suspended animation ; and the 
only resuscitating process will be a 

anecdote of Pitt and the Duchess of peremptory obligation before confer- 

-. ** Pitt, what news is there to- ring orders, to be well versed in Theo- 

day?'* "I don't know; 1 have not logy. That is the firat of all the sys- 

seen the papers." tems of philosophy, and the beau ideal 

The Baron would fain ameliorate of reason. Goldsmith says, that there 

us in some respects, and most gallantly can be no perfect legislation or mo- 

1996.] Rivi«w«-*;Socie<jf /^r propagaiing (he C^speL 147 

rality without it^ and to that position and the hold man ezecate j** and for 
we s&y. Amen. this reason; knowing the discretion <^' 

The Sermon of the able Prelate is the Episcopal character, and the 'supe- 
an excellent display of the value of riori^ of tnat modeof Cburch-govern- 
life, religiously and politically consi« ment, we like to see voyages of enter- 
dered ; for, says the Bishop, prize, which pre-eminently require, 

"The prosperity, the wealth, and the caution and wisdom, undertaken un« 
happiness of eommunities and nations, of all der such secure pilotry. It is not that 
bodies of men, that are united and act toge- institutions differently, constructed may 
ther, whether for civil or religious purposes, not have excellent intentions, but it it 
are promoted and perpetuated by individual known that public bodies are subject 

zeal and exertion. So long, therefore, as to faction, and that their energies en- 
indlvidaals are actively employed in their tjrely depend upon their unanimity; 
several offices and stations, so long they are nor is the congregational plan of 

doing wrvice to the communities to which Church-government at all eligible, in 

they belong, and are m ^^^^^'l^^^ regard lo Neophytes, nor wal it the 
the public benefit, even when they appear ^, u'..u fu a *i l j 

to the superficial observer to have no object ^.^f ^*»>t^ ^^« Apostles obsenred. 

in view Cut their own private advantage. W« ^^a^?' therefore, a prepossession in 
That Society, therefore, which profito by favour of the " Society for Propagation 

the services, sets ita value on the life of an of the Gospel in Foreign Paris," b©. 

individual, and measures its importaiice not cause they come before us with x;re-^ 

merely by the exertions which he is actually dentials from recognized Governments, 

making, but by the power whieh he pos- and claim to be no more than Aq^bas- 

sesses of labouring for the public good, and sadors. We mean no offence, nor in-> 

his opacities of endeavour and useful ac- sinuate any suspicion. We only think 

tion." P. u. l}iat there are imperfections in all 

The following tribute of respect to temporal governments which have riot , 

the Humane Society, from the pen of constitutional Kings, and all spiritual 

the Bishop, we give with pleasure in which have not Bishops, 
his own words : The Society is so modest afid unat- 

*' In proportion to the increase of wisdom sumipg, that its claims upon the pub- 

and virtue, and of the influence ofcharita- . lick are not sufficiently known; we 

ble and religious motives, the value of indi- therefore solicit the perusa| of the ac* 

vidua! life has been better understood, aud companying extract, which forms only 

more generally acknowledged. To the un- aj, expos^ of part of its services apd 

civilized barbarian, the ignorant, the brutal, necessities, 
and the irreligious, who are without hope, 

and without God in the world, sometimes " Summary Statement of the Objects and 
even their own lives, but at all events the Operations of the Society. — This Society 
lives of their fellow-men, are for the most was originally incorporated in the yeaf 
part subjects of indifference and apathy. 1701, for the support of a learned and 
nut when the manifold uses which life zealous body of Clergy in his Majesty's Co- 
subserves, the designs of God, the contriv- lonies, and for the general Propagation of 
ances of his providence, and the counsels of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
his grace, have been searched out and stu- ** The business of the Society is con- 
died, self-preservation and an anxious desire ducted by certain official Members nomi- 
to preserve those who are ready to perish, nated in the Charter *, and the incorporated 
are duties which have exercised the thoughts Members who are chosen by ballot. The 
and called forth the exertions of feeling and Archbbhop of Canterbury was first appoint- 
considerate Christians.*' P. l4. ed, and has since been annually elected Pre- 

The Bishop adds, " that the Sociely "^ent. ^ ^ , . 

has called into action the best feelings " The acknowledgment of the Independ- 

and resources of our nature; and iu ence of the United States of America un- 
Reports contain many instances of he- . ^. I ~T ~Z 71 ! 

roic courage and generous self-devo- * 7^^^^'id't^^''^cV^'^\!^^!I^ 

• 1° 1 '^z* ,1 the Lord Archbishop of York; the Lord 

r, iT» oio Bishop of London; the Lord Bishop of 

•er>alion of h uman^life. P. 1 8. 5.,^ . ^^^ ^o^ ^,^^„^^ . ^^^^ p^^ „f ^^.^^ 

^ ^jj • T>T,/- r.L cr • . r minster J the Dean of St. Paul's ; the Arch- 

1 9. An Address m Behalf of the Society for ^^^^^ ^f London ; the Regius Professor o£ 

the Propagation of the Gospel m Foreign Divinity i^ Oxford; the Regius Professor 

Parts, 9vo pp.16, ^£ Divinity in Cambridge; the Marcaret 

IT is a maxim of Lord Bacon, Professor of Divinity in Oxford; the Mar- 

*' that the cool man should contrive, ipiret Professor of Divinity in Cambridge. 


Rbvzbw.— 7&e KtUage Pcuitor. 


fortunately depiired those PtDvinces of the 
• benefits which they had long received from 
the exertions of this Society^ But the So- 
ciety left a blessiog behind it in the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church in that country, 
whose very existence at the present moment 
may be justly attributed to its early and 
truly Christian efforts. The field of the 
Society's labours has since that period been 
greatly enlarged, and its operations now ex- 
tend over the vast provinces of Upper and 
Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, New Bruns- 
wick, Prince Edward's Island, Newfound- 
laud, and the Bermudas. 

<< Of late years the population in those 
colonies has increased to such an extent, 
that the Society has deemed it necessary 
greatly to increase the number of its Mb- 
sionaries. The List subjoined to the pre- 
tent document will show that the spiritiial 
wants of those countries cannot be ade- 
quately supplied without such an addition 
to the ministers of religion as would triple 
.the number that was employed even at so 
late a period as the year 1816. The actual 
-number of Missionaries now in the service 
of the Society, in the North American Co- 
lonies alone, is one hundred and three, and 
in addition to these more than one hundred 
•schoolmasters are partially supported from 
its funds. 

'' With a view to the formation of a body 
of native Clergy for the service of the Colo- 
niesy the Society has contributed largely to- 
wards the support of King's College, Wind- 
sor, Nova Scotia, by an annual grant and by 
the endowment of Divinity Scholarships and 
Exhibitions. The Society is also called up- 
on to make frequent grants in aid of the 
erection of churches in the infant settle- 
ments, and has been the great instrument of 
introducing the National System of Educa- 
tion in the capitals of Canada, Nova Scotia, 
and New Brunswick, and extending it 
through every part of the North American 

'* Another source of expenditure has 
been opened to the Society by the extended 
colonization of the Southern parts of Africa, 
an4 the interior of New Holland, where it 
will form an object of great and important 
interest to carry forward the same plan of 
teli^ious instruction and general education, 
which has been found so effectual in the 
North American Colonies, sb soon as the 
funds of the Society will admit of such an 
extension of their operations. 

^*To meet these great and increasing 
demands the resources of the Society are 
found to be utterly ' inadequate, notwith- 
standing the liberal &id they have obtain^ 
from Parliamentary grants. The average 
annual expenditure of the Society has, for 
the last four years, exceeded its income to 
t^ amount of 6000/. — an excess, which, if 
eoMtinued for a feyr years more, must bring 
inevitable ruin upon the Society's funds.*' , 

80. The yUlage Pastor. By one of the An- 
thori of ** Body and Soul^* 1 amo. /)p. 33 o . 

IN an instructive and interesting 
work now passing through the press, 
and entitled ** Alma Mater," or a His- 
tory of the present state of the Univer- 
sity of Cambridge, by a Fellow of Tri- 
nity, it is slated, as a solemn truth, 
that a very large portion of ** popular 
preachers' consists of gentlemen who, 
after having been plucked once, twice, 
or thrice in their examinations, and a t 
last obtained their degrees through 
pity, have turned "enthusiastical pul- 
pit orators," by way of substitution ; 
and that to this ingenious contriv- 
ance we are in the main indebted 
for the introduction of a manner 
now much in vogue. The Village 
Pastor is a man formed after this mo- 
del. . He is always acting as if he was 
in the reading-desk or pulpit. With- 
out the smallest denial of the imperious 
necessity of fervid piety, perfect moral 
correctness, and amiable philanthropy 
in the character of a Clergyman, we 
do not see any necessity why Sir Astley 
Cooper (instead of being, as he is, a gen- 
tleman) should perpetually talk of sur- 
gery, or a lawyer of law ; or profane 
learning and accomplishments (elegant 
additions to the clerical character, and 
of vast importance to the interests of 
the Chufch and nation) be rejected, 
however inno9ent, as indecorous. The 
consequence must be, that knowledge 
will be slighted, the people will consi- 
der it as unnecessary, and be propor- 
tionally thrown back into barbarism. 
In none of these books which we have 
seen are men of talents or learning at 
all mentioned. The leading idea is, 
that there cannot be virtue without 
misery, nor indifferent conversation 
without sin. Now these opinions we 
think to be founded in low taste (bor- 
rowed from sects which reject learn- 
ing), and in unsound philosophy. Na- 
ture abounds in variety, and. all ani-^ 
mals, when in health, are sportive. It 
is a mere expression of happy feeling, a 
benevolent annexation of the Omnipo- 
tent to his donation of life; for Paley 
says, that in existence happiness pre- 
ponderates over miser}\ Nor in na- 
ture is there any colour which resem- 
bles black, except it be night, and that 
is only privation of light, the sole means 
of all cotnfort. But we do not live in 
darkness, nor are we owls, nor do we 
think the glory of God or the good of 
man at all injured .through the acumen 

■ WW.] 

RaviBw.r^Fbsbroke I CMUnkam. 


and vivacity of an elegant clerical icho- 
' br> Tbc Diisery ofovcr-iloinfr religion 
ii, that it ii ukcn nolwngipcaljlc food, 
bat phjFsic. It beromrs the perdrix, 
lot^ourt pfrdrixi and if yoaa-r people 
are iieadv anil |ir)ticinle(l, nc see no 
ruMti why their dwrilin^t ihotilil be 
turned inio tnonaiterie*. Such, hotv- 
ever, it ihe tendency fif ihe bool( be- 
fore ui. The Vilbgc \'Mtot it a good 
man, but he i> a mere bell, lolling to 

We thiill cioie our rEiiiarks wiili the 
fallowing extract froln Mr. Kendall's 
"Letters on IrelaiiU"," Pan i. lOI : 

" Tba gtru incoDXDiiaae, u it nginja 
(ociitj, cither public or piitiite, of rgligiotu 
Ion, ccNuiiti ID thii, thM ■( i) to nearigi 
allied lo reliciaiu lute, and at ill e>enu 
beloogi lo inHpualilj lo rellf^ioiu iDiir&i' 
CBCC. Wo all koa* tin trouble even in or- 
diairj lift of ■ Ime -hlch »ill aot let ut 
■loDe, which uii>t«kei our duly and out 

w. We Ue liiT- elii1d'"o .DXTt tkiiM, 
*lien thef nill loiioKljr aUour it to ileep 
only ia tM gotiieeit poiiura," 

W« cDuld name an excellent femnle 
rcligioniil ut llie Church of England, 
who wat oflended with her pariih- 
clcrgyman because he requested her 
not to circulate any other tracts in the 
pariah than those which were tccom- 
mended by the " Society for promnt- 
ingChrislian Knowledge." Ttu' <ii r- 

S man thought relieious enlhiiii in 
a civil and political evil, and gave 
oflence, because he did not with lo 
see hit congregation corrupted by bad 

tl. /4 Piclurrii/iu and Topogr^iical Ae- 
eount t)f Chrltenhun and ttt yieinUy. 
By Ike Rev. T. D. Fmbroke, M.A. F.A.S. 
Sr. Kc. and Contritulion§ by Johu Foi- 
brnke, rtndmt Surgtoa ^ Chelteaham. 

Mfi. FOSBROKE havinp: dissemi- 
naied a general knowledge of Archa^ 
ology, in hii " Encyclopedia of Anii- 
quiiie!,'' has here attempted a new 
improiement in Toponiaphy, t>ii. by 
incorporating with it the Picturesque, 
a la Gilpin. For facilitation of this 
purpose, we have lately had to no- 
lice a cheap, but valuable volumef, 
concentrating ^11 the rules of the great 

• Reiieireil in p IS I 
t SjDopiii of (he Uwi of the Pictu- 
in the vorki of Gilpio, prefiied to 
Totuiit • Gnmrnar." (Seep. 140.) 

Masters on tne PlcUircsquc In thi^ 
work liefon us, Mr. V, gives in an 
exeilipiificalion of his new plan. It 
treats, lecunilum ar/en, the subject, 
its Anl>(|uiiies, Sec. It is needless to 
say more, for Mr. Fu*biokc wisely de- 
chnn publishing works which ura not 
instructive, amusing, and elaborate. 
The talents of the Soil arc Ins known, 
and, in justice to rising merit, wc 
give the following apinimphe, con- 
cerning the Picturesque i which opus- ' 
trophe it by the way only a pun of 
ninny exccllctii things in the coatii- 
butinns of Mr. Fosbtoke, jun. 

ScrneTj/. — "There are two kinds of 
scenery, which differ ia their maral 
relations to the purptKcs of bumao ha- 
bitation, Olid of civilized life. The 
Alps, capiied in the eternal snows, 
robed with the glacier, the icy breeie 
fiom which congeals the spray of the 
cascade u|>un the gJrb of the traveller, 
the desol:ile and chaotic groups of the 
North IlighUnds, where ilie ounvul- 

inaccessible rocks, in agiiuled seat, 
threatening to overwhelm the icalleTed 
fragment* of massy mountain, the 
stupendous precipice,, the headlong 
torrent, and hoary mountains, whew 
" the foot of man has scarce or neyei 
trod;*' — the savaae ludeneas of a be- 
fore u ad iscuveretT country, the B|>pal- 
ling silence scarcely interrupted but 
by the voice of savaze things, the mag' 
nilicent foliage and long shadows of 


,. h. the 
iihoui limits lo the eye, the 

ik fecundity oF uncultivated pas- 
tures, the uncontrolled dominion of 
Nature, compose solitudes lo which 
the ardent curiosity and penetrating 

i ofni 

1 for c 


intrude and sate his (ongingst 
farther. Heie hii attachment 
of this kind are 
best calculated for those in whom the 
luve of nature is stronger than the love 
of social life. The interest awakened 
is widely different from that which 
seeks the ordinary graiilieations of liie. 
It is connected with the love of men- 
tal independence, with the aching 
grasp of a mind without verge enough 
fiiT the abundance of its desires, a prido 
of soul unconformable to ordinary ha- 
bits, to the "stale, flat, and unprofit- 
able" yeslerdflyi and iivday* of the 
same eirciiniscrihed sphere of society, 
and a wandering auo untamed spirit. 

IbO Rbtixw.— 'TVocit on the^ Slave Trade* [Feb. 

M^hich reTels In solitude and majesty, SS. England enilaved by her own Stave Cb- 

id remoteness and wild grandeur. lonies. An Address to the Electors and 

Such a one, who deems that " society ^«>pfe 9fJ^ UnUed Kingthm. By James 

is no comfort to one, not sociable,^' Stephen, Esq, Svo. pp. 91. Hatchard 

whose physical restlessness can be ap- *"l^?''j ^^ ^' °^ \' ^1^^' . 

peased only by endless loco-motion, ^\ Third Report of the QnnmU^e of the 

feels free and unincumbered in such ^."f^ >! i)" Mit^aiwn and gradual 

J 1 . r .u u yfbolttwn of Slavery throughout the Bn- 

scenes, and breathes forth the active ^^ Dondnums. Read at a Special Meet^ 

emotions of his soul aniidst the reali- ^^ ^j^f,^ Members and Friends of the So- 

zations of his imagination. But these ciety, held Con the ilst Dec. 1823) for the 

are the individualities of particular purpose of petitioning Parliament on the 

temperaments, in which the corporeal subject of Slavery, With Notes and an 

being sinks into insignificance, and Appendix, Bvo, pp. 35. Hatchard arui 

the mind expands to corresponding Son, and J. and A. Arch, 

dimensions of sublimity with the ex- AS we have recently (vol. xcv. p. 

ternal objects that surround it. But 444) expressed our opinion upon the 

there is a secondary cast of scenery, great National question which is the 

where nature presents more feminine subject of these Tracts, it is unneces- 

graces than amidst the anarchy of sary for us now to extend our observa- 

chaos; where to the wooded glen, the tioqs upon them. The author of the 

gentle cataract, the acclivity of the Address, is well known for his exer- 

ibountain, the extensive landscape, tions in the cause of the Abolition of 

the winding meanders of rivers, the the Slave Trade and Slavery in the 

•lopes of vales, the pomp and gar- Colonies. While he had a seat in 

niture of fields, and serene azure of Parliament, as well as since his seces- 

the sky, not many obstacles are con- sion from the House of Commons, 

joined* which may render indispen- Mr. Stephen has been the decided, 

6ible the commodiousness of tamer strenuous, and unwearied advocate of 

situations. This second order, in- the oppressed Negro race ; and in the 

deed, rather than taking from the phy- Tract now before us, makes a forcible 

sical and social reciprocations and appeal to the lileptors and People of 

agencies of life, may tend to heighten Great Britain, beseeching the former, 

the comfort and embellish the repose in the use whidi they mpy make of 

of elegant and philosophical existence, their constitutional privilege, at the 

by the insensible ascendancy which next general Election, not to forget 

it obtains over the succession of our the miseries and oppressions of so large 

ideas, by the inspiration of more calm a class of their fellow creatures, and 

contemplations, unartificial tastes, and fellow subjects, on the other side of 

sublime habits of thought. In the the Atlantic ; but to return to Parlia- 

choice of retirements these qualities of ment, in preference, gentlemen who 

inanimate nature appear to be most will advocate and support Negro eman- 

looked for, according to the taste of . cipation. 

the age, by those classes of society — In furtherance of this appeal, Mr. 

which are not remarkable for any Stephen adverts to the recent contu- 

thing more than cultivation and re- macious conduct of the Colonists, m 

linement of mind.'* pp. 173, I76. resisting, almost without exception. 

This, we think, is a fair specimen^ and, in some instances, with marked 

of genius, though the mechanical con- ' contempt, the ameliorations recom^ 

struction of some of the clauses does ^ mended by his Majesty's Ministers, in 

not give the ideas their full force and pursuance of the Resolutions of the 

precision. Under the head of **Lo- House of Commons of 1823. From 

cal Biography'* (271— 300) is a most this conduct, which he condemns 

ecctlrate and interesting account of Vvith just severity, he infers the im-. 

Jenner, full of those delicate and propriety of our trusting any longer to 

tasteful touches of the pencil, which the Colonial Governments, as agents 

do honour to the taste and sentiment for the accomplishment of the needed 

of Mr. John Fosbroke. reforms. The strong leaning towards 

An elegant poem on Cheltenham such agency hitherto manifested by 

is. further contributed ^ by Dr. C. H. Government, he views as the most 

Parry of Bath, F.R.S. /&c. son of the dangerous feature in the case of the 

late celebrated Dr. Parry j^ and brother Slaves, while he expresses an opinion 

«C t^c eminent Navigator. that that leaning may be traced up to 

18M.] Rbtiew.— KendalTs i 

an tiodiM and very pr^udicial influ- 
ence in Parliament, poifetscd and ex- 
ercised by the agents of the Colonies x i 
in ihis country, who fill seats in the i > fv< 
House of Commons. In confirmation u. 
of this opinion he refers to the great ^ 

tendcrnessand forbearance which We ^^ ^^^, to a Friend an the Siaie <iriT^ 

been shown towanis the outrageous ,^j^ ^^ ^^„ ^j^,^;^ q,^.J ^ 

conduct of the Colonists on some re- ^j^^ j,^^^ ^r CanUihUianal Religicui 

cent occasions ; to the cosily partiality Dutinethns. By E. A. Kendall, Esq. 

which is still manifested towards West p, s,A, a vols, Bvo, 

Indian su;zar, in preference to that xktu -^-^» .u » •u u .• * ^ 

. . u • • . J !» -« .u p -. I rvbs regret that the exhaustion of 

which IS imported from the East; and .1 . . cP . ._. .,1 ^ „ ^ 

.^ .u. u^..:ir^^ir.^»: 1 «. :! u^. the chief subject will not allow us to 

stice to the ferti 

Stephen, extremely unWise course of Z'^ «^"!tf.u.l"^?'rr "V "^l-""' "" 

meLures pursued Uar<«* Hayti, by ,^^7\Htti:/"i''Jl' "L^^^^^^^^ 

to th 

• .••'^ a* ^1 •! u tbe chief subject will not allow us to 

le hostile, offensive, and, as it has 1^ . ,. .^•'u r .r. r w v 

1 . •* u • J . r livf- do justice to the fertility of Mr. Ken- 

cd out, in the judgment of Mr. . ,H ti • ' \1 11" 

u^^ J. i»..^!:.: ^ ^f dallsgenus. He gives us a whole li- 

uic«.u.« pu..u^u .uw«.«. "7".. ."7 ijpon the subject, and bottoms his rca- 

which our influence in that rising . *7. ^^^''^u ' ^^^w"" "»» •«» 

Sute has been lost, and our com- ^?*"?„,T.:. ^T^^^ 

merce nearly excluded from it. HuAl^^'J^V ' ^^»~"^",.^^ 

In a subseouent oart of his nam- ^"^"°"^ Emancipation is, because the 

•.ku. VI, c. J.u^,« tJ^^K.. /«» .K-T.w" menibers of that religious creed "put 

phlet Mr. btepnen touches on thtf ex- .. ^ ^1..^ •..•^^ j j .• iT 

!L«.:..«..^.. r.!- Qi...« o»/i Afi themselves into avowed and active hos- 

pensiveness ol slave- latx>ur, and on ..., . «•.»..• r 

Sle heavy charge* which ar^ enuiled "I'tJ W our ms.tut.on. of government 

on the parent Sute by the defence of '.? "»?««" of rehg,on>(... p. 438,. and 

Slave dolonie.. The'lalter argument "''""f ^^.t'«^.''''"=^ '? T '" ^. *- 

Srinnran'^'neSgrxlo r Tol' ^^^^ Nr^'h. ^i tTa^of 

Kbylhch^KkVutolpP thU ^Nothing but the «^bition of 

that the defencft of the Slave Colol Pr««<>««"nance. not a pohtical and wise 

ni« co.t the Mother Country the live,'i''"'^A"' ' ''""'""K''' "'"^ 

r iM iMrk »u-. .u^jL ..v»^^ ^f ral tailing or weakness, 

of 17. 173 men. .n th« short .pace of j^^^^B, ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ 

**Tlo"g"note on pag«. 33 and 34. ""'"""I"? « *'""'•'« «"'«>«'«y »f 

conuin»*.everal facu and quotation^ '»"""'" 'T'onc^abilay to the wor- 

A • I . .«! i:-k ...^.. r-^Ur.:-! shippers of any God but our own, and 
desi^zned to establish, upon Colonial > ' *^ i .u .• i 

. .r , r ,, sives us also the rationale. 

testimony, ihc comparative worthless- » 

ncss and insecurity of W^est Indian es- " lode furor vulgi, qaod Dumina vicinonim 

tales, uiidtr the present system of ma- Odit quisque locus, cum solos credat hs- 
nasemcnt by Slave-labour. bendoi 

To ail these arguments, so far as Esse deot, quos ipse eolit." P. 613. 
they arc borne out by the documents The argument drawn from Canada 

on the table of the House of Com- is thus happily overthrown by Mr. 

mons, we have no doubt that his Ma- Kendall : 

jesty's Ministers will duly advert, in ..The situation of Canada b a striking 
the measures which it is understood contrast, under every view, to that of Ire- 
they have it in contemplation to bring land; aud her Roman Catholieisro, there- 
forward in the present Session; and fore, presents neither a constitutional nor a 
we trust that those measures, having political difficulty to tlie British Protestant 
been wisely planned and temperately system. It presenu no constitutional diffi- 
adopied, will be carried into full eflect, cnlty, because, being constitutionally de- 
till Great Britain shall have been re- ^^^^d, its religioa is not of the slightest 
lieved from the opprobrium of Colo- constitutional importance to- the kingdom, 
• • m . ''^ but change the Constitution of Canada, ■ 
%,. ^'. , . t .t *^,: make it a part of the kingdom, instead olP a 
The special meeting of the Anti- jjence of the kin-dbm. -bring iu r*- 
slavery Society, at which the third presenutives mto the Imperial Parliament , 
Report of their Committee was read, ^j instantly the question changes, and 
was convened for the purpose of agree- Roman Catholic Canadians must be denied 
ing to Petitions to the Legislature for jwlitical righu; that is, under the prinel- 
the mitig-dtion and speedy abolition of pies as well as the practice of the British 
Colonial bondage. We have little Constitution, they would find them. Then 
doubt that, under present circum- as to the poltYu»/ question, if Canada wera 


iUviiw.— Verri'f Roman lights, 8te. 


m'bmt to Mexico m it it to th« United 
States of North America, and still more, if 
Mexico were French and not Spanish; or 
if the United States were Roman Catholic, 
instead of Protestant ; in either of these 
cases, and if the political situation of Ca- 
nada were an object of adequate British soli' 
citnde, the Roman Catholic political power 
in Canada,-^though not the Roman Catho- 
lic religion, — mignt necessarily be constitu- 
tionally restrained. In point of hct, how- 
ever, not only has the Roman CalHoiic Re- 
Itgiofi nothing to fear from British domi- 
nion in Canada; but if any adequate Bri- 
tish solicitude gave occasion, it is Protest- 
antism, and not Roman Catholicism, which 
would in Canada require exclusion from lo- 
cal power. The Roman Catholic religion is 
a huhcark of Cwiada agaiml the enterprises 
of the United States, and it is thus, that 
white principles remain stedfast, measures 
vary tcith circumstances / The real British 
eternal danger in Canada is on the side of 
Protestant Canadian harmony with the Pro- 
te»tant United States; as in Ireland and 
Great Britain, it is from Irish and English 
Roman Catholic harmony with Roman Ca- 
tkoUc foreign Europe" pp. 632—633. 

On many other views of the ques- 
tion does Mr. Kendall expatiate with 
eoual felicity. As to tl>€ unfortunate 
advocates of Emancipation, Mr. Ken- 
dall reminds us (we mean no offence) 
of the great Busbeian monarchs. He 
hears their insurrectionary pleadings 
one by one; their vapouring menaces 
and their wheedling cajolery, — **Take 
them up,** is the order, and they 
writhe under the birch. 
. We recommend the book warmly 
to all good Protestants. They will 
find much valOable information, oc- 
casionally relieved by curious anec- 

• » ^ 

f 5. The Roman Nights at the Tomb of the 
Scipios. Translated from the Italian of 
Verri. In TYtx) Fblunies. pp, 314, Edin- 

THIS is an elegant classical fiction 
of a character truly sublime, both for 
design and execution. The Roman 
Nights of Count Verri have long en- 
joyed an unprecedented degree of po- 
pularity, not only throughout the States 
of Italy, but over the whole Continent 
of Europe. The discovery of the Se- 
pulchral Grotto of the Scipios, which 
It made the ground-work of the story, 
took place in the summer of the year 
17SO; and the first volume of the 
** Notte Roman i *' was produced aboiU 
Iwdve years afterwards ; the fir^t etlir 

tion having appeared at Home in the 
year I792. This was followed by a 
second edition, printed by Domenico 
Raggi-of Rome, and dated the seventh 
year of the Uepublican aera. Two 
editions were next produced at Milan, 
one printed by Zeno in 1798, and the 
other by Doves in 1800; and at Paris 
an edition was sent forth by G. C. 
Molini, in 1797. Tragoni of Genoa 
also published two editions, one in 
1798, and the other in 1803. All 
these, however, only contained the 
first three Nights ; and the second vo- 
lume, completing the work, finally ap- 
peared in tne eignth edition of two vo- 
lumes, which was not produced till 
the year 1804. Previously to this, a 
French translation of the first volume 
had been printed at Lausanne in Swit- 
zerland in 1796, by the booksellers 
Durand and Ravenel. And, since 
then, nuuierous editions have issued 
from the presses of Turin, Lucca, 
Leghorn, Florence, and Naples ; 
whilst the work has been translated 
into German, Polish, and Spanish. 
Hitherto it has never appeared in an 
English dress. It now comes forth 
from the press of Stark, under the aus- 
pices of Constable and Co. clad in a 
rich suit of substantial broad-cloth, 
fine in texture and glossy in surface. 
The translation is uncommonly well 
performed throughout, and we regret 
to observe that it is anonymously given 
to the British publick. 

There are Six Nights, in which is 
held by Verri high converse with the 
illustrious Romian dead, among whom- 
Marcus Tullius Cicero stands facii^ 
princeps. The Conferences are thirty- 
six in all : of these, the eighteenth, en- 
titled "The Parricide," is a model of 
tremendous grandeur. We strongly 
recommend to the spirited Publishers 
an edition of this work in one volume 
8vo, with a good handsome type, for 
general circulation in public schools 
and private seminaries ; the present 
form strikes our critical sight as bear- 
ing too much the guise ofa w averley 
Novel; and commanding in conse- 
quence too great a price. 

26. Defense dcs Resumes Historiqves. 1 8mo. 
pp. 27. Lecointe et Durey, Paris. 

THE publication of these tracts 
proceeds at a steady pace, and a recent 
advertisement promises an historical 
library of about 40 volumes. As might 


RiTiBv.— BnlirA Emlomotogf. 

hive been fofcteen, thejr tMve been m- 
•liled in variopt qiuiten, and ercn hr- 
bidden at the Ftencb Uolvenitiet, in 
wbii^ pracecding theie i» tome juuice 
and much intolcraiice. The tiadics- 
Ikm with which thii notice ii he«led, 
is giTcn to purchaieri ; ai a deCenee it 
wai unneeenan. except on poinii 
which it Diutt fiiil (o defend. 

or thoK Tolumei which hare a[v 
ptareO within the laU fear, we have 
peiuied Kveral. Thej are all eleoant, 
and in their degree niefal, but eniMce 
the maxim, that to write a hiitory of 

oaot r 

P. IM. 

■ niaMa U* da k fatri*." 

Another pablisher (Louii JanM) hai 
priiMtd a He lumt de Phistoire ju Monde 
Jui^u'a noi jouri. It is uuiform with 
ihcsc volumes, and, with »ome ble- 
mishes, Tormi an t^xcellenl accompani- 
menl. [Provincial histories of the same 
she are in ptogresij Lorraine, Abaoe, 
and Normandy, have appeared, and 
the laltcr aecmi to be an able sum- 
mary of more bulky writers. Briunny 
we anxiously ejipect; for since we read 
Mr. Turner's Hisloi; of the Anglo- 
Saxons, we have taken some interest 
i n ihni province, and look for a modern 
Frcncliman'a opinion of Salomon and 

7. Briluh EnKuHofopy ; trag lUaitraSoni 
and Dacriplvaa <^ Ike Gtncra uf batfti 

fnund IN Great Briuia md Irdud, can- 
taming tnhurcd FIgurti finm JValuTt of 
the tnoil TOTC and Uautiful Sjieeira, and 
in rnanxi iniMnen a/lki PUn<U upon wMch 
ifiry are found. By itxatt Curtii, FtHiKe 
ijflhe timwrn. Sontfy. fall. I. I!. 


qnainted with that of many othen, 
Thm M. Saint-Manrice in hi* /M- 
ami del Croiiadei, calti Richard, the 
brother of our Henry II 1. ^raadioii of 
Qmr dt Lien. (p. £75.) Hia worit, 
ho)*fTcr, is a judicioui and agreeable 
summary. Those of Penia, by M. 
RafTenel, and of China, by M. de S^ 
nancour, also deserve that praise, l^e 
Russia of M. Rabbe is perhaps too 
comprehensive for a collection of ihit 
kina, on the snbject of Napoleon's ex- 
pedition. M. L^n-Hal^iy-s History 
of the ancient Jews may be considered 

as enliglilened by hit friends. We bet wonderful talent for variety among 
must condemn ■ book which calla the insect Iribri. In the forma and 
Abraham the Socrofei of the East, to dispositions of their members the woit- 
•ay nothing of greater misrepretenla- derfiil modes of their generation and 
(ions. Scotland, Holland, Denmark, peculiarity without end, they vary Trooi 
and Switzerland, have appeared, but other animal beings, and yet perfonn 
we have as yet had no opportunity of the same funciions ; in short, though 
inspecting iheni. we know not all ihai ihey do, wa 

\Ve observe that M. Coquerel has know nevcrldelcss ility arc tkot 
become a member of ihta society of inconsiderable BKenti in the economy 
historians. In fact, he is an acqoisi- of Providence. But it ii useleBi to ex- 
tion to ii. He it known by his Ta- patiatc on topics which elementary 
hleaax dt fhutoire philoiopkique du school-books have exhausted. 
Ckriilianune, in which wc have only The principal object of Mr. Curtis 
to notice the error of ascribing our ^o- is to give Entomology ihe same advan- 
pular Enslish translation of the Scrip- t ages in thiscounttY which it has long 
turrs lo WiclifTe, while we acknow- enjoyed npon the Continent ; and no 
ledge our obligations lo the volume on one who ha« seen the wn^ can poaai- 
many accounu. bly deny the highest praise to the exe- 

As a specimen of language may be cuiion of it. Light new genera have 
let^uired, we gjadlv transcribe the re- been established, and figures of tcren- 
lation of a laudable action froin the teen of the specie* have never been be- 

fore published in any work { nor have 
the character* of eight others been 
given in any English book. The de- 
scriptions are truly Linnxan ; and to 
add to the eflect and uiitriy of the 

Elates, figures of the flowers usuallj 
_ ^ aunled Oy the respective insect* are 

Iks rarinrtat toni. Tcli scnkst added, as well as all the member* in 
iDt Is bommei )i c«o qui gott- diitection. Mistakes 

« ticcewiij 

h isiory of China 

"Ub jour, I'emperaiu rTal-tsiMiB] vie 
dull ks ptitou UD ccitiia nonbre da eon- 

p*b1e* coaimtaait t la mart % c'^tait U sai- 
lon oil b t«m snit betoin da Jaurs bni, il 
In B»t CD liberty. l«ar enjoigauit df rave- 
1 I'tMrA dc rhinr h constituer pri- 

4 )i cam qui sott- diitection. Mistakes are caTefully 
Dt, an lUn duD« Doted and corrected. Ofihe ticccwily 
Gitrr. M40. fWruory, 1B16. 




for this addition we have a good in* 
stance, in the hydaticus einereus, Fa- 
bricius had confounded it with the 
male of Dyticus Sulcatus, referring to 
Linnaeus For the characters* and to 
Schsefier'd figure of D. Sulcatus to 
identify it. 

This is to exhibit the portrait of one 
man, as intended for another, to teach 
A for B, and the consequence neces- 
$6iT\\y is, that a book conuining such 
errors is worse than none at all ; for a 
man had better not learn Latin at all, 
than from a dictionary, which makes 
hate the English of amo, and so forth. 

ft8. Phaniasmagoria, or Sketches qfLife and 
Literature^ Post 9vo, Hurst, Robinson, 
and Co* 

AMONG the most agreeable novel- 
ties which this season has produced for 
the amusement of the reading public, 
may be ranked the volumes now be- 
fore us. The work consists, as its title 
indicates, of detached essays, tales, 
sketches of society, and poetry ; and to 
a more delightful melange it has sel- 
dom been our lot to call the attention 
of our readers. The volumes comprise 
upwards of sixty articles, all of them 
characterized by great good sense, and 
a large proportion deserving of much 
higher praise. It is difficult to do jus- 
tice to a work of so varied a character, 
because our limits will admit of our 
giving but one extract, which can of 
course be only a specimen of the man- 
ner in which one class of subjects is 
treated* and not of the book collectively. 
—That our readers may form a better 
idea of the contents of these volumes, 
we will enumerate a few of the titles 
of the various papers of which they are 
composed. *' The Age of Books,'* 
•'Human Sorrow and Human Sym- 
pathy," "Boarding School Reminis- 
cences," "Religious Novels,'* " A Vi- 
sion of Poets,** " An Old Bachelor's 
Trip to Paris, *' A Young Lady's Trip 
to Paris,'* " Historical Sketches,'' 
** Early Friendship,** "Zerenda, a 
Fairy Talc,** "A Lover's Remorse," 
*'The Unknown,'* "The Military 
Spectacle,*' " A Family of Managers, * 
" The Emir*s Daughter," &c. &c. 

The author (who, by the way, is 
said to be a lady) is evidently most at 
home at humorous description of cha- 
racter; indeed there are some pa|)ers 
in this style which wc think are truly 

excellent ; and we are persuaded there 
are few persons who read ** Going to 
be Married,*' who will not agree with 
us in this opinion. But we must hasten 
to conclude our remarks, in order to 
leave room for one si)ecimen of the 
poetry, which is of a very high order ; 
indeed there are several pieces which 
would not disgrace the first of our liv- 
ing poets, and the following " Address 
to the Ocean*' will, we think, bear us 
out in this opinion. 


,<' How oft enchanted have I stood 

Gazing on forest, field, and flood ; 

Or on the busy breathing vale. 

With hamlet gemmed, and turret pale, 

Ne'er dreaming till another hour, 

That more of beauty, more of power. 

Than earth, in stream, vale, wood, or tower. 

Could boast her own, — existed still 

In one resplendent Tision ; — till 

Tkat moment when I mutely bent 

O'er thee— 'Imperial Element ! 


I saw them, or in shade or sun. 
Thy armies of dark waves roll on,-— 
In fierceness and in strength tbcy bore 
Their plumedheads,— till upon the shore 
£ach thundered, and was seen no more ! 
But still, where'er the glancing eye 
Spanned the wide sweep of sea and sky. 
Vet other plumes were bright in air, — 
Yet other nosts were gathering there, — 
To seek their brethren on the shore, 
Like them to thunder and be seen no more ! 


Yet once I saw thee in a mood 
So gentle, smiling, and subdued, 
That scarcely migot a streamlet lie 
More calm beneath a summer sky. 
The winds were sleeping on thy breast. 
The distant billows were at rest — 
And every breaker, fierce no more. 
Just sparkled, and theu kissed the shore ; 
And where thy far-off waters swell, 
A meek and trembling radiance fell ; 
For like a virgin spirit, stood 
The crescent moon above thy flood — 
And snowy clouds around her stole 
Like dreams upon a youthful soul ! 


Who then that saw thee, Giant King, 
So silent, and so slumbering. 
Had dreamed that once thy waters ran 
O'crwhelming every haunt of ntan ? 
That sun and star long rose and set. 
And found a waste of waters yet. 
And, but for one small sucred Afk» 
Beheld no living thing toUKirk 
This world, as their bright silter Earth, 
Called into being e'er iheir birth. 


IUtikio— Or. KUMner m tke fyet. 



Tb jiwt 1 — Uif UUovj niik BO mora 
Mi7**«» bcTODd tbcfbdliog (hont 
Tb pHl 1— -llir moaDMiB mm Mill ngt, 
Bat K thair Milur'i word IHiMg* i 

' mnbling u* liula cbild. 

At hi 

tb* wild !" 

99- The Eanemi iftlie Syet. Part II. Of 
Tilaa^ii bkng At Rriult t/ Thirtf, 
Ytari SrperiTiirnli icilh Fffig-ont Tdt- 
KOpci of from ont (o nine hukn in iia- 
ntler, in the positaaa of Wilfiun KJt- 
cbcMr, M. D. Author of the Cook'i Ora- 
'dt.KcKc. Mna. Jip. AiS. 

Dr. KITCHINER is ■(> origlnil, 
plnuing, and lucful ■ writer> that io- 
■iruciioQ (with more or leu cDlertaisi- 
mcDt, Bccordfos to ihe tubject} Ji ture 
to be deriTcd from hia work*. ThU 

t iludy indiipcDMble rof wjili 

thoM who 

poiiiblc for us, however, 
the detail of a book of close writiob 
full of experimfnu and dirccilont. AU 
we know is, ihit people are Tety igno- 
rant on the luhject, and would do well 
to study ihe booh, be it onlytoprci'cnt 
iheir cxpoimg themKlvei by footitb 
opinions. We ihill giTC an exinict of 
general application, and a sood illua- 
traiion of what u called "the smoks 
of London." 

" It is uloniihiiE bow *aiy BBch mora 
Inupinnt tha air ii cuilj half a mile from 
the bordcii of Londoa*, id mocb n, that ■ 
lelcKapc will act ia an incTediUj tapcriot 
maoiwr ! — mcthiukt [ btar the reader tigb, 
III lliiak what hard work lilt langt qf (wr 
gooti Loinhrtfrt havt to perfiurm, to extfcet 

P. 193. 

We cannot forbear giving ilic use- 
ful infoTinaiion, that " by means of 
Hadl^y'i reflecting telescope, whose 
length exceeds not five feet (and which 
may be managed at a window within 
the house), celestial objects appear ai 
lanified, and 

•nJ ihc ntar takinE pluw with the &rtlif(t 
a( \\\e ulflliui : all the purtt of ihr lyitem 
of Saturn occasionally reflcrtiog llgii on 
(sell utlieii the riiiRi and ntoona iltumi- 
DBCing iha oighla of tha Satumiin, the 
jflobe and utflliu* ealighleniiig llie duk 
|:u'l of tlie riDgi ; and ihe pltDCI and liogs 
thtoHin^ bark ihg lun'i lirami iipoa ina 
mnon'i, vhcn the; are deprived of them ae 
the lime uf tiwir MDJiincliooi." P. aHl. 

to. A RniuHJi om/ ExflamUion if Ike Gra- 
graphical and llt/dmgraphital iemi, and 
IhoH if a A'aiidcflJ Character, rrlaUng 
lhrrd->, ii'iM DticnpHawi of H'fnHi, 
A'lartiu, Cliaidi, Chaaga nhich late place 
in Ihe Almaiphtre, ^-f. By John Evani, 
Lievt.R.N. I8na. pp. ISO. Plalei. 
THIS is an useful little book,judi- 
:ioii9lv compiled, and aiccompanied 
interesting discussions, whero 
ibject admiig it. Landsmen 
ought to poiiesj i[, iu order to under' 
stand the terms tlsed in nautical geo- 
graphy; and to ihoie engaged in mak- 
ing voyages, it will be a good study on 
bodid, to relieve the ledioua hours. 
Illusttalive plates are added. Among 
these arc represenlalions of the clouds, 
according lo Mr. Howard's Nomen- 
claiure. He lins clBtsified the cloud* 
under seven modi Ii cations, and givea 
(hem appellations which, in our judg- 
ment, partake more of an imitation of 
l.innxan phraieolngy, than of a real 
cliaracler of the object. This we know, 
thai clouds assume no other than the 
fullowing forms, — l.ilreaks; S. heaps; 
3. veins i and, 4. spots. The second 
class dctcnrts an altenlion which tiai 

hey do through thi 

: of more than 100 feel 
le planet Salum ia a 

ii ■ magoiBceot globe, 


in, rock, and lake scenery. 
Ins mild evening the sheet of atmo- 
sphere often assimilates large pieces of 
water broken by the clouds into is- 
lands, promontories, bays, gulphi, anid 
rocky, wooded, and mountainous 
shores, which surpass every thing co- 
pied from nature on land. It is the 
more necessary lo mention ibis adran- 
tage of good snbjects for skclchei, be- 
cause iu ceiling-paiating and back- 
compaued grounds, there ii not any 4tteniioa 
.tended bj paJJ to the various patterns which 


"7 . „. . 

•even tatenitea, omaiuented with eqaatocial '^{^^i, presenL Th'ey are ., 

beha, coa^«*ssed it tha polea, tnraang upoa worked, tx orHfrtO, in light aod sbadaL 

.L.a„,muto.dlj«=l,j-W tlieru.ea«ljja- for ^-tting off the picture. Howerer, 

..«tof.Ur...pal.oturnu.g.pon.t.a„, ^^^ ^,J^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^J»J^W 

■ Where do ihese borders teraiaiue ? Riv. actacfy in pallicubr. 


Retibw*— jBoyd*« Poems. 


91. Thoughts on an iUustrious Exile, pecC' That thou one day wonldst burst upon my 

stoned by the Persecution qfihe ProUstanls view, . 

in 1815) wilh other Poems. By Hugh And shine the great avenger ! But that hope, 

. Stuart Boyd, Esq, 8vo. pp, 54. The unpropitious daemon, thine and mine, 

Mnr\xrr% • r^ i i i - Hath scattered on the gale ; to me trans- 
R. BOYD IS a Greek scholar ; an mittini: 

energetic poet (as most blatik-verse Ah ! sad exchange for thy beloved form, 

men are) ; and we are truly glad to a heap of ashes, and an empty shade. 

see once more the unimnrovable classi- Ah me ! ah me ! alas ! thou piteous corse ! 

cal style, recently neglected for the Amostdisastrous journey hast thou ta'en. 

rHymed prose which was brought into 
Togue by Lord Byron. 

The following extract from the 
Electra of Sophocles may, we hope, 
please the man of Greek taste, and, in 
our judgment, no taste was ever its 
equal. We care not for Asiaticisms, 
*M>arbaric pearls and sold," ginger- 
bread and gilding; but the Parthenon, 
the Belvidere Apollo,-— we would it 
^ere not " idolatry to kneel.'' 

An Extract from the Electra 
OF Sophocles. 
She is holding in her hand an urn, 
which, as she supposed, contains the 
ashes of her brother. 

** O thou memorial of my best belov'd ! 
Sole remnant of Orestes ; ill responding 
To those fair hopes with which I sent thee 

Lo ! in my hands I bear thee, nothing now; 
How bright and glorious did I send thee 
forth ! [fiuled. 

Oh! that the springs of ebbing life Itad 
Before I doomed thee to a foreign land, 
Tom from these arms, to be from death 
preserved. [found 

X)^en dying, thou hadst slept in peace, and 
A common portion of thy fiaher's tomb. 
But now exded, a lonely fugitive ; 
Thou diest hapless, from tny sister severed. 
It was not mine thy decent limbs to lave. 
Nor was it mine, though well it had become 

To War thine ashes from the blazing pile ; 
But by atrange hands composed, thou com'st 

unto me 
A little heap within a narrow urn. 
Alas \ alas ! the itxffectual care. 
With which in happier times I reared thy 

O toil to me most sweet ! assuredly 
Thy mother loved thee not as I have loved 

No servant tended thee as I have tended. 
-Yes, I was called the sister of Orestes. 
« Lo! in one day my blooming hopes are 
Dying with thee ; for, sweeping all away, 
lake the impetuous whirlwind, thou art 

gone ! 
Gone is my father ; I have died with the^. 

My brother ; for it hath destroyed Electra. 
Thou hast indeed destroyed me, roy beloved. 
Wherefore admit me to thine own abode. 
Receive me, nothing now, unto thyself, 
Who now art nothing ; that with thee be- 
neath, [here, 
I may hereafter dwell. When thou wert 
I shared thy lot ; and dying, I desire 
The sweet communion of my brother's grave. 
To me the dead appear exempt from woe." 

pp. 41,42. 

This is excellently translated. But 
we do not like the Greek verses ; they 
are jingles, the cymbals only of a tarn- 
bourin. Witness the followinz to 
Clara : 

Mr. Boyd may say that it is a better 
line than many of Ovid's ; — true, but 
Ovid had not a Greek taste. Virgil had. 

89. A complete System of Punctuation ; 
founded and established upon fixed Princi- 
ples, Sfc. By Charles James Addison. 
limo, pp. IDS. 

Mr. ADDISON objects to thq 
usual doctrine of stops, as being merely 
landing-places for goins up reading- 
stairs. He sajTs, that tney ought to 
mark the sense, " so to separate the 
portions of matter, as to class the differ- 
ent subjects which compose a discourse 
in such a manner, that those subjects 
maj be kept connected, which, when 
united, are calculated to impress on 
the mind of the reader the precise 
meaning of his author.*' Pref. v. 

So long as sentences are linked to- 
gether in inseparable connexion, no 
regard is to be had of their l^ngtb. 
Not even a comma is to appear. Thus 
he would utterly divest of stops the 
following sentence : 

** We are only indueedto notice the case 
from the circumstanes of its appearing that 
the man has been known to nave been for 
some years emplc^r^ as an ^gent fr>r fur* 

JMiy foes exult, and my— oh ! not my mother; thering the seoreft des^ns id tome persons 
She maddens in her joys ; concerning whom whose clrcomttaaoet and sitaations in life 
Thou oft didst send me iutimation sweet, hate enabled then to liberally reward him 

MM] Rnuw^-C^ri. DnM 

foe tba Mnk*i oiiuih he hu mdeMd 
tiMm." r. 17. 

ll ii certBiQ thai men will not wrile 
ibcir native languagE gnmnialically 
■nd by nile. Rxjireision is u> prompt 
and Dalural, ihat ii would be like go- 
ing to a daDci 11^- mailer or drill ler- 
jeaat to learn lo walk, if they studied 
thccoiulraclion of aeiitences. There 
k no probability, iherefore, thai they 
will go out of their u^ual mode of 
punCllUtioD ; .inJ priLili'rs are the 
onlv men wl,.. . .,,, ,ir.,t Mr. 
•oa * purpose. Veir long KDUncet 
without ttom would introduce a bad 
node of reading ; but a new modifica- 
lion npon Mr. Addiion'i principlei 
would M eligible. 

mile Oaiia a»d Built qf 
War, Ke. By That. Thrtut, late Caf 
UoB in tJu Hiytd Navy, IiUeiM a* an 
Ank^jirr tntAdyaiofng hunMlffTmii lit 
t/BBul Servia. Pari I, Btn. pp. S4. 
IT i« certainly a hard oa*e that a 
fighting-cock ihould kill an unoffend- 
ing craven ; that the earthquake ihould 
twallow a child in a craale, and that 
pauioiii thould create vice* ; but lO it 
nu been ordained by Providence, and 
at God cannot be the author of evil, 
we are inclined to think that it)ch evil 
ia only permitted, became it ii a ne- 
ceuary iiutrament of effectiD|; mmim 

Sreatet good. The' laws of life and 
ealh, uyi Pilcy, are in the economy 
of the univer*e, probably connected 
with principles which ire unknown 
to us. Hitherto the only mean* of 
effecting universal peace has been the 
Roman one, of being too powerful 
for succcMful opposition ; but a gnldeu 
age hat no more reiulied from long 
ttaiet of peace than it hu from those 
of war. There hot only been let* 
watte of life and property. Bishop 
Watson, in the Aivilogy for the Bible, 
has sufficiently philosophized the sub- 
ject of war, and to him we refer our 
readers. Captain Thrust says (p. 35), 
" that loAra Ckritlianilt/ arrivei al 
inaturiljf, armies will disappear ;" and 
no doubt we shall catch sparrowi/ 
when wt can put talt on Ikrir laili. 
For our pari), while bulls Rght in the 
fields, while tish prey upon each other, 
while woWei devour sheep, while pat- 
■iont produce vices, we shall think ar- 
mies necessary instrumeais of security, 
anlhorily, and independence % and, like 
fin, be good senranti, though they may 

M Vm^-k^gGik fa B^. ur 

bc bad maslen. The process of war- 
fare is one of mischief unit misery, and 
to i> that of loiiug a limb by ampula~ 
tioii i but the consequence may be 
telf-p reservation. We deny thai the 
proftssion of orms is incompatible with 
Christianity. For his own view of the 
question, Capt.'Thnist is an able advo* 


THE work now before us mtwl not 
be consiileied as a mere novel ; the in- 
cidents contained in the course of the 
five Tales of which it contisls being al- 
together the fruits of observations made 
ducinR a residence of several years in 
the Peninsula. The pencil of the 
writer appears to have teen confined 
lo sketchci from the life; imagination 
here and there luperadding a colour- 
ing, merely to deck forth, not to tu- 
persedc the tnilh. The Talcs display 
considerable skill in their management, 
are fruitfitl in incident, and possess 
from their subject- ma Iter a deep claim 
upon the attention of the English 
reader. They afford a variety of anec- 
dotes connected with many eminent 
and rcmarkcible characters who have 
crossed the Alps, together with an ac- 
curate delineaiion oi the customt and 
manners of the modem Italians. 

The Tales, which do not easily ad- 
mit of abridgment or extract, are en- 
titled as follows: — 1. L'Amoroso. 2. 
It Politico. 3. II Zmgari. 4. Sbsf 
buio. 5. II Criitco. 

IS. Spignnvnttia I purioriha CV«c« ^^ 
Ihakgim fintilmi SautU i /fmutaHimbia 
Jtoi^ui, d> Botch, il aiiomt nitrv^f j 
mat atadi nobilai et labulam Scrip- 

£dmrdi,jf.M, Sto. ^ S74. 

THE Greek Epigram it admired bj 
all tcholars for its beautiful simplicity, 
though it may not gratify Jest-book 
taite. It has an exquisite delicacy of 
texture, ,like the fine bloom on the 
flower, which delights the man of 
high and naadul tented mind. The 
fact it, these glorious Ancients knew 
nothing of metaphysics, the bane of 
modem poetry. They did not ditiil 
nature and feeling, and instead of creat- 
ing a ttronger spirit, produce only an 
insipid water. No nun ofHMil would 
pre&i Pettaich lo Anacreoa, or with 

15g RkyiBW«— £rrfe4 Ejttgrams.-^anus^ [Feb. 

to wirtdraw the simple Greek toast of That is no small treat ; it is like their 
'^Health to the pretty Leucasia,** ioto sculpture, full of expression, in some 
a labourdl compliment. We Ishall instances almost divine. Mr. Ed- 
extract two of the Epigrams before wards will accept our warmest com- 
us. The first is a complete speci- mendations for nis scholar-like man- 
men of the Greek i^'fXtta : ner'of editing this work. 

^ 'l* 3^» Joma; or the Edtnlmrgh Literary 

xat wa»i ^ Almanack, Oliver onrf Boyd. 

^ H«>0.T7r,,^ x«* rup ccpTi x«Ta^xof-n«,, ^^^g .^ ^^^ ^^^ ^.^^^^^^ ^^ ^ g^^^^j^ 

ft \vx^> <P^cf» <r«- TO r « Tifo^, « ^ori Annual present, intended by its intrin- 

xat rwf, sic merits to become more popular 

Ovn, ol^a- y»wo^, Ivtr^io^i, tv^o/*w«. than the London Forget Me Not, Li- 

P« 89. terary Souvenir, &c. ; and, like them, 

.._^ , . . ^,,. J . IK- ^ consists of a mixture of the grave and 

"The pl-jruig .nd Prf^*""? "'»»»'^'"6 sombre with ihe light an.l w; but, 

«▼«! •nd siuginsc of Xanthippe, and the fire, n *u u iru^/ 

afreidy got m«tery, will tWn you np. O ""j^ke them, is nnembellished. 

ny soul! The cause, when and how it ^ I? so'ne of the London periodicals, 

hwpened, I know not. You wUl know, ill- the inappropriateness of the title is sug- 

ftitfd wretch, when you aiis burning." gested ; the writers contending that 

there is nothing whatever in the vo- 

(Gr. Smoking with fhe flame, rvfo^ lumc like an aUnanack ; but if they 

lAtvn.) had been aware of the derivation of 

Another specimen has a bolder Almanack, as given by Golius, they 

character, and is admirable for a fine would nol thus have hastily condemn- 

climax :—- ed it. This writer says, that th rough - 

,^ > , «„ ... out the East it is customary, ai the be- 

0^«T lx«5 Hpt,,, MiX^Tt., T«f x»Pf gi^^ng of ihe year, for t7e sulrjects to 

A0w«5, iBrr^ou ^^ke presents to their Princes, which 

Tovj /A<ouj n«9»*if, Ta crjvpa t»»« ^ere called Almanha, that is, handsels 

Evicuf^tno /SXmtw O't, Tf»o-oXbio« ocrni or New Year's gifts. 

KKovH, [jAvu The " Thoughts on Bores," by " A 

'MfuQsog ^ ^iXw, aOawTo? ^ o y«- Bore'* [deprecating Bore], bored us to 

P. 128. such a degree, that we were obliged 

„ , , - , ». ,. . to throw tne book aside, and revel in 

"You have the eyes of Juno, Meliti, ^^^ flower-gardens of Parnassus to ob- 

the hands of Minerva, the bosom of Venus, ^j^^ relief 

and the feet of Thetis. Happy is he who rrii ai * r ^ - 1. 

look, upon you , thrice happy'^C who hears Jhe Maxims from Goethe consist 

you; a demigod is he who kisses yooj an ?/ *?^" common-place expressions, as 

immortal he who marries you." What you do not understand, you 

cannot possess,' .&c. &c. : — but they 

The reader will observe, that we are by Goethe, and German literature 
have translated 9*Xc» by oscuior, as the is so popular, that we cannot trans- 
meaning, in our judgment, mostappU- gress tne rules of fashion, by not ad' 
cable to the sense. We regret that Mr. miring them! Then, en suite, we 
Edwards has not given a Latin version have a leafoi " Leaves,*' equally com- 
of the Epigrams, for, though it is im- roon-place with the Maxims. \Ve 
poBiible to approve of reading Greek cannot agree with ** Honour is like 
through translations, a perfect knowi steel; breathe and it is stained." If it 
ledge of the language is so limited, had been written, ** Honour is like 
that few will uke the trouble of stu- steel, breathe and it is tarnished,*' it 
dying books consisting of Gre^ only; wonid much more resemble that* me- 
Now this we think a great misfortune, tal ; but honour once tarnished by the 
The Greek classics in general are mo- breath of calumny, does not so return 
dels of high taste. The study of them to its original splendour, 
both in verse and prose, is the way to In the Poetry, a rich coHection was 
form superior style, and cultivate 8ii« expected ; the disappointment there- 
perior sentiment. — Students of Greek ibre is greatly augmented. Most of 
will have the opportunity, through the pieces, which are bat ttanslations 
Mr* Edwards's collection, of seeing from the Geroian, are hardly above 
Greek sentiment in its native elegance* mediocrity, and by far below the cur- 

I6M.] Rbvib w.r-Af. Monam m tlm t^k Train. 15f 

reQ(- prodnctioDs of the Loadoo 01I IkU. handed jAomn to oi to the 

moothly periodiods. W9 mutt on* history of the Silk Trade,, illustrated 

lertaia bat a poor idea of the toleot of by many carioos Tablea. But the his* 

Scotch poeu» if this sclcctioii is to be tory of the Trade in this coootry of 

considered as a specimen ; hot cren in course chiefly arrests our attention, 

this nosegsy the prettiest flower hu The following Sumptnary law was 

been transpfsnted from the columns of made in 1564, for restraining the ex« 

a daily newspaper. trivagance and vanity of the lower 

There are, however, some rery so-^ classes of people in England, and also 

perior prose effusions in this volume, for encouraging the English Manu&c- 

such as the History of Alischar and tures : 

Smsiagdine (one of the newly disco- «< Whoever shal] wmt silk ia or upon his 

vered 1001 nights, which is a' pleasing hat, bonnet, girdle^ •eabbard, bote, shoes* 

specimen of an English version of the or ipur-leftther, shall be , imprisoned foe 

stories thus regained, promised by a three months, and fbr£»it 104 eaceptiiw 

friend of the editor of Janus) : Mous- Magistrates of Corporations, aad perMos 3i 

tache. a pretty morceaux taken from higher rank. Aiwi if any person, knowing 

the Antcdotet du dix-neuvieme ii>cU 1 ^ •^^l ^ F^ »"« *»*.«• J*^ ^ 

a preface that may serve for all modern »«» P«t him l^T^J^^^^^. ^'^^ 

wSrks of imagination ; the Bohemian ^^fcltYio?' "*«« »^ •«"»> •»»« 
Gardener; and one or two good Scotch 

talcs. ^" statute, as destmctive of trade* 

Upon the whole, this " Literary was repealed in the first year of King 

Almanack *' can never become so po- James I. 

pular as the " Fonret Me Not," " Li- The year 1085 is the most remark- 

rior to them in literary merit, partico- la««d the knowledse of the fabrication 

larly in the poetical department. of Silk Goods. Nearly 7000 Indus- 

^ tnous refugees settled in England or 

" Ireland ; and introduced many branches 

37. Rite and Pngrm of the SUk Trade m of their art before unknown in this 

oil ParU qf ihe fforld, but more pttrtiem- country. 

larly in Enfi}»nd, fimn the earUett Period But it is with the year 1786, that 
to 1 896. By C^Moreaa.lW f^ the most laborious part bfM. Moreau's 
(Win London, 9fe, 6^e, Foiu,. Trent- ^^^ commences. He then addresses 
tei ana warn. himself to his readers in the language 
M. MORCAU is well known to of numerical figures, '* the only roe- 
the commercial world by his former thod of discussmg an important sub- 
publications on British Trade and on ject resting upon positive facts, and re- 
the E. I. Company. The subject of pulsi%'e of every arbitrary calculation.** 
this present Publication is particularly This is done in five very important ta-> 
interesting at this moment, when our bles.shewingthe state of the Silk Trade 
own Silk Manufacturers are trembling between Great BNtain and all parts of 
at the prospect of the arrival of that the 'world, from 1786 to 1823. Of the 
time when the prohibition on French minuteness and labour employed in 
Silks is to be removed, and forcisn these calculations we cannot speak too 
Silks admitted to importation on the highly. 

payment of a moderate duty. It is a These Tables are followed by the 
certain fact, that the Silk Mannfac- Report, with the Minutes of Evi- 
ture has greatly flourished in this dence, of the CoPmmittee of the House 
country for many years under strict of Lords ou the Silk Trade ; and the 
prohibition I how far it was prudent whole concludes with much other use- 
to make so great a change as that now ful information, digested into the form 
on the eve of being tried, we must of Tables. 

leave to others to determine ; but we This Pamphlet is, moreover, a hib^ 

doubt not the prayer of the Distressed lingraphical curiosity, being wholly 

Manufacturers will be duly and pro- lithographed, a form very convenient 

perly considered. to exKibit the intricate tables whidi 

Ijie author has given a rapid sketch, compose the greater part of the work, 
in chronological order, of the princi- We ai« happy to near that M. Mo^ 


Miseellaneaui Reviews. 


reau has it in contemptatioo to pub- 
lish other works on the Finances, Na- 
vigation, &c. of Great Britain ; and 
we heartily wish success to his arduous 
and useful labours. 

88. The Prospect^ and other Poems, by 
Edward Moxon, is « collection of Poeiiit 
hj an Author who has disarmed criticism by 
an appeal to the adverse circumstances 
under which these poems were composed. 
We would much rather direct our censure 
against those whose injudicious praise may 
hkre induced a worthy man to commit his 
crudities to the ordeal of public opinion. 
Ne sutor ultra ertjridam was held to be 
good in Hteratui^ as in business ; there is a 
standard of ezbellence by which the pro- 
ductions of mind and the efforts of a craft 
must be judged ; and it is but little to say 
of a poem that it is well done for a Plough- 
man, or of a furrow that is straight for a 

89. The Maid of the Greek Isles, &c. is a 
Tolume far below the current productions 
of mediocrity: vulgarity of sentiment and 
coarseness of expression are its leading 
characteristics ; and yet the author in his 
Preface speaks reprovingly of the '* scum- 
like" crowd who surround the Temple of 

40. Of the Legends ofGallaway, or a series 
of Traditions illustrative of antient History* 
Customs, Manners, and Superstitions, tbe 
best U «The Miller of Eldrig." Should 
the author continue his labours he must 
descend from the stilts of his grandilo- 
quence, and employ a more natural and 
unaffected style. What shall be said of 
such phraseology as the following : — << a 
torrent of mental laceration;" << oscillate 
In a state of dubiety ;" " the periphery of 
the circle of suspicion ;" " the hydrostatic 
balance of impartial justice," &c. Did the 
author ever read the << Fairy Legends and 
Traditions of the South of Ireland ?" Let 
him give us a volume (we express but the 
wish of a contemporary when we ask that 
some gified pen would give us a col- 
lection of Scottish Highland Tales). Let 
hvA give us a volume resembling in the 
slightest degree in its nature and truth 
the Irish collection to which we have 
aHuded, and he will earn for himself a more 
permanent reputation than we dare promise 
to the inflated production before us. 

41. Zone; a Levantine Sketch, mid other 
Poems, is an elegant poem worthy of pe- 
rusal, but destined, we fear, like many poems 
of the same character, to be read and to be 
iorgottaii. It belongs to a school of which 

the disciples are.amneroQSt wbera a talent. 
fi>r imitation u the anbetitate for inven- 
tion, and the memory b more drawn upon 
than the imagination. There is, however, 
a grace and delicaey of sentimant in these 
poems, which evince a refinement of taste ; 
and it is no slight merit they possess, that 
they may be read withoat offence to the 
most fitf tidioos ear. 

48. There u talent rafficient in the Poetical 
Tr^Us, by a Youth, to produce that fu- 
ture repentance for his has^ indiscretion 
in listening to the solicitatioB of friends^ 
which b the invariable &te of immature 
publication. In the spirit of kindness we ad- 
vise our young poet to buy up and destroy : 
and though <* to tarry at Jeridio until his 
beard be grown" might appear to indicate 
an overweening fondness ror this manly 
appendage, yet so much dday as would 
ripen the frait of which the Uossom is 
promising, he will not think us, we hope^ 
unreasonable in recommending. 

48. The £;^its%man's Library is aicind of 
Westminster Abbey in the form of a book, 
where all the glorious events and characters 
connected with our national history are 
brought Into 'one view. These books con- 
tribute to form the <' national soul," which 
is the distinctive chaneter )if Englishmen ; 
and are particuUrly adapted to toe reading 
of youth at school^ and adults of narrow 

44. Mr. MoHCK MASoarhas pnblished some 
Suggestions relative to the Prqifect qfa Survey 
and Faluation qf Irdand; together with 
some remarks on the Report of the G>m- 
mittee of the House or Commons. Mr. 
MoBck Mason is the author of an excellent 
History of the CathednT of St. Patrick's, 
Dublin. What he proposes is, a Statis- 
tical Siwey of Ireland, under Government 
authority ; and the thing speiks for itself, 
upon the obvious principle of evklence pre- 
ceding judgment. 

46. The Sermons for Sunday Boenings, on 
the Ten Commandments, are eloquent^ and 
written in a neat and correct style, 

46. Questions on ' Herodotus, printed at 
Oxford, will be found useful as landmarks to 
all who wish to study that hiatoriaa aeeo- 
rately; and to the tutor, or to any one who 
desires to renew hb aoqaaanSaiiea . with 
ancient Greek Hbtory, they are ladispeo- 
sably necessary. Questions on Thoeyfudei 
are in a course of publioation^ as wall as. 
Maps and Plans illustrative of Herodoios» 
forming the first brsnch of ao aneienl Atlp 
on an extensive scale. 


CamMJgt, Fib. a — ^Tb* Ute Dr. Smit1>-| 
■mual prim of 9%L aaeh to the two btic 
vraGciaBU in HulwDUtic* uul NlMril 
Fbilouphf , wsaiig tht caniBCBCtiis Baelio- 
hn nf Aiu, nn on Frida; xljtulnil la 
Mr. Wm. Uw, of Tnwn, md Mr. W. H. 
Hunn, ofChn Hill, tne lintudfnuth 

Sir Wm. BriMmi't Gold Jtfnlati^-Tlu 
lahjiet* fbr llw pnuat imt wa — br th* 

Qmi Odi— " Delphi." 

Linx Odi " Irb 

Pluniif ituctilntDr Anui."— Ar. 

GiUK EriaitH — 'Emu iunri 71 trfm. 

LiTiH EriouH — '• Eloqnhimic ocuG, 
tot hcoadi Hlaotii lingia." 

RtadjiJor PviHeatiim. 

A VoIbdw of SfrnracH. Br th* Hon. ud 
Re*. a»tiD Noil. 

A S*ria of Hiitorial Duoounn, illna- 
mtiof the Book of Oaimii. % tlw R*t. 
Fkancii Clmi, of Chalttnluun. 

The Cifil ud EcclMiutiial Kutory 1/ 
IraUnd, oo(B|ifUiiig u ampla Hiiloiicil 
Aoeoutaf iuRoBiwiCatliolwCburch, aad 
tlia iBtcodoctioa of the Procailut Eal*Uuh- 

Pait V. of Sarmoaiaad Plau afSariDont 
(b*w bofcra publiabed). Df tbi lata R«r. 

jo»PII BlHHlH. 

A Samoa, pcaadicd in tha Fuiih Chiirdi 
of St. Butholoianr iha Great, London, to 
CMumdionta tho AccniioD of Hia Moit 
Gncioiu Majeity King Genrga tht FoBitb. 
Bt the R«. JoHH Abbisi, Ractor. 

Ii ibii Rs%inn? or a Pafra from the 
Booli of Iha WarM. Br tha Author of 
" May You U\u It." 

The Laboofi ofldleoaH ; or Snca Night! 
EMaitaisBenU. Bj Guv PmiiviL. 

A CollaetiOD of tha moit inlcrattiog Sut« 
Triah prior to the RtYolutioD of less, re- 
Tiand tai illutntcd. By Samdel MiRck 
PatLLifM, Eiq. of the laner Tenule. 

Trw^U in Nnrvaf, Swcdeo, Dgnmuk, 
HaooTtT, Oennny. the NetherUndi, ud 
France. % Wiilum-Rhi W[uon, £«]. 
Author of " Trarali in the Hoi; LaniL" 

Fnctied Vieir of the Pmeat S»te of 
SUrtr; io the W»t India. By Alkindu 

Wuerbw, a Poein, id Bra Canto*. By 

Na. XXXVU of BRrrroH-i Hiitory and 
Auiqnitiaa of the Cathadrali of Enaland," 
Uisg the third uortioo of Eieter Cathedral. 

No. U of Pdoin and Lt Ktui'a " Sped- 
a of tha Arrhiteetsnl Antiquitiei of 

RKiiB^i. vith HIitoTiH aad Dntrlptioiu of 
the rolleee of I'byiiciani, the Church of 
St. Peter L* Poor, the Hoik Oiuinli, New- 
L-itr. Aihharoluun floute, aiu] the KhI 
lodi. Hou». 

A Ne> Volume in 4to. entitled, " The 
t-'nino of A rrhi lecture, Sctitpture, u>d Punt- 
init, M eiempllfied in the Hauie of Joha 
SowM, Eaq." 

Preparinsfor PiMioilim. 
The Deilvitioo of the Nunei of the 
CtilFi, ]iriucipDl Market Toirni, and Re- 
n»rkahte Villagri in ererv County in Eng- 
land, with Notices of thair Local AntiqBiliei, 

fraia the raoit nuthenlic mufcet. To be 
illuilnlei! with Aaecdotcn, lli>tor'ica1, Lo* 
»!, and Tradiliiinin. By Mr. JoKN H. 
BniDv, Sno of iliD Author of " Cla.ii Ca- 

Oreece vindicUodt bemg tba TMolt of 
ohterratioQi nade dnring a vbit to tlw 
Mona and Hydra in IBIS. To vUoh h 
added, an examination of the Joiinali of 
Meain. Pechio, Emenon, and Hnmphry. 
By Count AluimO PiLMto, 

Oraithologii, or The Bird*, ■ Poan. in 
Two Farta 1 with mi iDtradaetiaa to dieir 
Natnral Hlitoi;, and copioui Notoa. % 
Jamu JtMHiHUi, Author of " Obaarrationa 
OB the Dialecu of tha Weit of £ogUad,'* 

Reconectioni of a Pedeitriao. Br tbt 
Author of •' The Journal of an Eaila.^ 

Mr. CiRME'i Letter) from the Eut. 

Mr. Godw[n'i aecond loltua* of th* 
HiieoiT of the ComnMinwnlth. 

Sir JoNjin BAimiHaTOH'i Hiatoric Anee- 
dotei of iRland during hii owu timai, with 
Secret Memoin of the Union. 

Mr. Miller*! Biopaphinl SlieUbai of 
recently liriog Briti*h Characten. 

' Winter Hearth. Bj ion 



Nonaudy," coal 

No. XlU of •• 
Edifieaa of London," containing Smen E 

GliTT. Mi«. Mnaty, latt. 

A Pictumqna Tour in Spain, Portml, 
and alonff the Cout of Africa, froB "As- 
gien to fetoan. By J. Tivlor, Knight of 
tha Royal Order of the Lagion of KoDoDt 
and one of tha Authora ^ the " Voyage 
PittoieHue dant 1'AncieDiie France." 

Tlia Book of Nature ) being a auconuiod 
of Lectnrci fonnarlj dellTerad at tha Surraf 
InititutloD, aa ■ pnmilar Illnitratioti of tb* 
geueral I^wi and Phesomena of Croatlool 
By Dr. JouN'Mmoh Goodi, F.R.S. 

which the Orealu an perpetnallr angagad, 
they are not entire]; Dactaaat of tiuntora. 
Soma of their Perioral Woka *M a 

tolanUj «ril uippoiMd. Tha IMMit 


Literary InitUigeAce, 


"Cknmde ("Exxtivixa X^yiiui), it published 
at Mbtolonghi) twice a week* though, for 
want of sufficient matter, or from other 
causes, several numbers are at times com- 
pressed into one. Thus the paper of the 
SOth of Nov. is numbered 90 to 93. This 
journal is neatly printed in quarto, with 
good types. Its motto is an aphorism of 
Franklin, <* Ta vXaiM o^Xtt roir «>i<09i," 
i. a. *' The greatest utility to the greater 
number." The price is six Spanish dollars 
aanoal subscription, parable in advance, ex- 
clusive of postage. — ^Toe Gazette published 
at Hydra, has the title of « 'O <pi\os rm 
Noft»," literally, " The friend of the law,*' 
which sounds letter in French, Vami de la 
Lm" It has a good type, but very coarse 
paper. It is also published twice a week in 
quarto, price annually, seven Spanish dollars. 
Its motto is taken from the Politics of 
Aristotle : " 'Aovi^ fs^ ri raXi4«9iy ^iXri^ey 

No/cm icai AiKtif x"f' ^'' ftaanrw ;" •* As 
nan, when educated and enlightened, is the 
noblest and best of all living creatures, so 
irithout law and justice, he is the worst of 
all." — Journals are published at Athens and 
Napolia.— There is a Greek paper (*0 TiXi- 
Yftf^r), the Telegraphy published at Vienna. 

Royal Society op Literature. 

The first general meeting of this Society, 
held under and in pursuance uf its char- 
ter of incorporation, took place on the 1 Sth 
uiat. at the Society's chambers in Parlia- 
ment-street. At one o'clock, the Hon. 
G. Agar Ellisy one of the vice-presidents, 
was called to the chair, and briefly addressed 
the assembly. He described the progress 
iwhich had been made by the Institution since 
last year. Cherished by the countenance of 
a King who was justly entitled to be called 
the Patron of Literature, it had obtained 
that Charter which gave it a new degree of 
stability and importance, and placed it in a 
condition, with regard to its general in- 
terests, every way most satisfiictory. Very 
xonsiderable accessions had also been made 
to the number of its members, so that it 
now enrolled about S50 names, many of 
them distinguished by the highest station, 
and others by standing in the foremost ranks 
of literary eminence, both at home and 
abroad. Its election of ten associates, to 
each of whom his Majesty's annual gift of 
100 guineas was assigned, and its award of 
the medals* to persons whose works merit- 
ed that great honour, had met with universal 
approbation, and had served to remove 
every impression unfavourable to the Society 
remaining in the breasts of those who at its 
formation had felt doubts as to its principle, 
its objects, its utility, or the mode in which 

* Two annually of gold, of the value of 
hO guiaeos each> and beautifully executed. 

ita affairs wece likely to he administered. 
He also %tated, that a sdeetion of the papers 
read at the Society's meetings were printing 
for publication, as the first volume of its 
transactions: these would lie found to bo 
curious and interesting. The Society was 
engaged, besides, in an important work on 
Egyptian hieroglyphics. Having thus ex- 
plained the leading circumstances of the 
case, (which we regret that our memory 
does not enable us to preserve in the ele- 
gant and impressive language of the speaker), 
the hon. gentleman proceeded to notice 
another point of much consequence, as con- 
nected with the future prosperity of the 
Society. It had been, he mentioned, inti- 
mated to the council by Mr. Nash, that, in 
pursuance of a letter from the Right Hon. 
C. Arbuthnot, following a communication 
from Sir W. Knighton, (and which we 
doubt not emanated firom the Throne itself) 
he, Mr. Nash, had reserved a scite for a col- 
lege or hall for the Socie^ in the new square 
which was planned to occupy the Mews at 
Charing-cross. The situation was most 
eligible ; and the expediency of erecting a 
pennanent building for the meetings of the 
Society, and one suited to its character and 
purposes, had been so strongly felt, that it 
was determined immediately to form a fund 
to carry it into effect, 'to this fund, the 
Council had directed 300/. of the Society's 
ordinary revenue to be subscribed as a 
nucleus ; and it had already received the ad- 
dition of five hundred guineas in voluntary 
subscriptions from individual members. A- 
roong these he noticed a hundred guineas 
from the learned and respected President 
(the Bishop of Salisbury), and a like sum 
from the venerable Bishop of Durham, who 
had ever shewn himself the libecal friend 
to objects which contemplated the advance- 
ment of literature, or of any other design 
for the welfare of his fellow-creatures. The 
hon. gentleman concluded by eloquently ex- 
horting every one present, and every mem- 
ber of the Society, to take an earnest interest 
in its prosperity, and to act towards it in a 
manner which should tend to raise it in dig- 
nity, and render its labours more exteusively 
beneficial, reflect honour upcm themselvea 
as individuals, and do credit to the Royal 
patronage under which it had sprung up, 
and by which it continued to be sb gradously 
and munificently fostered* 

The Charter was now read by Mr. Wil- 
liam Tooke 2 and the new code of by-laws 
rendered necessary thereby, and which con- 
sisted chiefly of a remodelling of those 
by which the Society has been hitherto 
regulated, was read by Mr. Cattermole, the 
secretary. The principal alterations were, 
that subsequent to the 97th of April next, 
the fee of admission sho ild hejine instead 
oi three guineas, and the annual subacription 
three instead of two guineas. The bj-lawa, 
&c. having been approved hf the vole of 


JLilararf. hi M g tme t . 

the aiMtiiigy Um oAetfih covmII, &e. ftr 
tbt MMiog year wtn hdlotttd ftir. 
. Th« result of the UUot haTing been de- 
clared bgr the scrutators* thanks were votad 
to Mr. w . Tooke for hts taal in procuring the 
Charter, and his liberality in revising to ae* 
cept of any remuneration whaterar for his 
profiMsional services. 


The literati of the province of Nonnandy» 
who had hitherto prosecuted their inquiries 
imfividually, have, within these few vears* 
united and formed three learned Societies, 
whose labours promise to be eminently use- 
ful in the several pursuits of natural hbtory, 
belles-lettres, and antiquity. 

The volume for 1824-5, printed by the 
Roval Academv (of ArtSa Sciences, and 
Belles-lettres,; at Gmu, contains several 
Memoirs by MM. Herault, de Msfrneville, 
and de Baudre, on various interesting sub- 
jects. In addition to this, and the Liouaean 
Society of Caen, a Society of Antiquaries 
was organized, and commenced its labours 
on the 94th of January, 1824, embracing 
the departments of Seine ioferieure, L'£ure. 
JL*Ome, La Manclie, and Calvados, united 
at Caen as the must central and tlie capital 
town of those districu. Their object is to 
collect and publish (acts tending to throw 
a light upon, or to complete, the history of 
the country which has been successively oc- 
cupied bv Celts, Gauls, Romans, Saxons, 
Franks, Neustrians, and Normans. They 
propose t«) examine every thing which pro- 
mises to promote their object, from the 
stately ecclesiastical edifices to the rude aud 
mysterious Celt ; and, by inspiring the taste 
and love of autiquity generally throughout 
the sceue of their labours, to cause the le- 
paration of, or to save from dcmolitioo, all 
those monnmeots and remains which cannot 
or do not require to he removed from their 
originti situation, and to deposit in their 
museums, as a place of safety, all other ob- 
jects, as MSS., medals, &c. rescued and pre- 
sented by their members, or persons un- 
connected with the Society. By the lliird 
Article of tlieir Sututes, the Society is to 
be composed of an indefinite number of 
members residing in tlie five departments 
before- mentioned, correspondents in all 
other countries whatsoever, and associates, 
who, without pursuing the study of antiquity 
themselves, snail desire to encourage the 
labours of the Society. Their number al- 
ready amounts to upwards of a hundred, 
amongst whom are the President, the Abb^ 
de la Rue, Le chaude d*Amsy, Lambert, 
Langlois, le Prevost, Phequit, and other 
distinguished antiquaries. By the 9.0 th 
Article, a Committee of six Members is to 
examine the memoirs given into the Society, 
and to report those which they consider 
worth publishing ia whole or a part. 
Thus charternl and formed on this plan. 

the Soototy fm alrMdy dittfnnUMa itaetf 
by the kborioiis aasidnty of At hidivid«de 
who compose it. The coUeetioo of tho 
Museum, eonsidering the short time it haa 
exbted, hu already advaoecd coosiderablyy 
and in che last year they -pablished two 8vo. 
vohntaes of their Memoirs, aoeompanied bj 
an atlas of illustrative plates, and preeedad 
by a most able report, by the Assistant Se- 
cretary, M. de Caumont, on the labonn of 
the Socie^, giving an account of what 
each member had contributed nnder the 
diflferent heads of Celtic, Roman, Medieval, 
and general Antiquity, from the date of ila 
commencement in 1894. The most im* 
portent are those on Roman Antiqoitlet, 
discovered at Barjeux, b 1 891, by M. Lam- 
bert: on the churches and castles in the 
department of La Manclie, by M. de Oei^ 
ville ; on the Norman Troubadours, by M. 
Phiquet { and on the religious architecture 
of the middle age, by M. de Caumont. 

It is difficult to determine whether this 
Societv has generated and given an impulse' 
to, or lias itself arisen out of the great taste 
and pursuit of Antiquity which now exista 
in Normandy. Amongst ^he numerous an- 
tiquariau works announced 1^ M. Manuel 
at the commencement of last year, and 
most of which have appeared, are transla- 
tions, with notes, of tlie Anglo-Norman 
Antiquities of Ducarel, Dibdio*s Tour, a 
History of the Conquest, Histories and 
Notices of Bayeux, Caen, Dieppe, and 
other principal places, a reprint of the Ro- 
man de Row of Robert Wace, and varloos 
interesting works in general literatnra. Aa 
yet the sources of most of their essays are 
drawn from England. For their early ])oetry 
they apply to the MSS. of the British Mu- 
seum, and for architecture to the works of 
Bcntliam, Milner, Whittington, and nu- 
merous other writers on the subject, who 
are now superseded amongst us. 

St. Maby Overy's Church* 

It was with much pleasure we announced 
in our last, p. 9, that the Parishioners of 
St. Mary Overy's had rallied for the pre* 
servation of their venerable Church, which 
was justly described by our late excellent 
Correspondent, J. Carter *, as " one of 
the last existinz glories of London's former 
splendour.** — We have now the satis^tlon 
of recording a Letter, addressed by several 
Members of the Council of the Society of 
Antiquaries, <* To the Parochial Authorities 
of St. Saviour's, Southwark,'* which, whilst 
it is highly honourable to the antiquarian 
zeal and taste of the Writers, had, no doubt, 
considerable influence with the Parishioners, 

* Tliis may be a proper opportnnlty of 
referring to a masteriy survey of St. Mary 
Overy's Church, as it was in 1 808, by oor 
valuable Correspondent, " Aa Aichiteel," 
in vol. Lxzviii. pp. 606*. €09. 


/intiquarian Research^' 


vihOf at all events, have done themselvee 
cicdit in revening their former detenni- 

« Gentlemen — We, the undersigned 
Vice Presidents and Members of the Council 
of Antiquaries, have learned, with the deep- 
est r^et, that it is contemplated by the 
Vestry of your parish to demolish the nave 
of the ancient conventual church of St. Mary 
Overie, now commonly called St* Saviour's, 
Sooth wark. 

** As individual members of a Society 
which directs its special attention to our 
national antiquities, we trust that we shall 
not be deemed impertinently intrusive, if 
we respectfully submit the following obser- 
vations to your serious consideration. 

'* Your Church, which contains the tomb 
of Gower, one of the fsithers of English 
poetry, is amongst the purest, most valua- 
ble, and most beautiful specimens of the 
early pointed style, or Gothic, now existing 
in or near the Metropolis ; although, in other 
parts of England there are some few larger 
pies of this style, still there are none 

which, in the interior, exhibit it in a more 
genuine state ; and it is, therefore, equally 
interesting to the historian, the antiquary, 
and the artist. 

** We feel great pleasure in bearing our 
testimony to the correct taste evinced by 
your parish in restoring the Choir of this 
Church to its original beauty and splendour. 

" This proof of zeal has induced us to 
address these representations to you, and to 
indulge the expectation that you will not 
hastily destroy the most important portion 
of a noble fabric, which, if it can be pre- 
served unroutilated and undefaced, will con- 
tinue to be one of the most venerable and 
distinguished ornaments of the capital, and 
a monument, to the latest posterity, of 
your spirit and liberality. 

** We remain. Gentlemen, 
*' Your most obedient and humble servants, 

C, W. W. Wynn. J. H. Markland, 

H. Hallam. H. Ellis. 

H, Petrib. F. Palgravb." 

J. H. Mbriyalb. 


Society of Antiquaries. 

Jan, 12. T. Amyot, Esq. Treasurer, in 
the Chair. A paper was read, on the an- 
cient Bell Tower of the Chapel of St. Ste- 
phen, Westminster, by W. Capon, Esq. ; 
accompanying the exhibition of a drawing 
shewing its condition in the year 1802. 

N. H. Nicolas, Esq. F. S. A. communi- 
cated, by the hands of Mr. Ellis, a letter 
from Mr. Edward Dyer to Sir Christopher 
Hatton, Vice-Chamberlain to Qu. Elizabeth, 
in which some expressions occur that will bear 
no Other construction but that of their re- 
ferring to a criminal intercourse between Hat- 
ton and the Queen, well known to the confi- 
dential friends of the former. Among other 
allosions not to be misunderstood, Dyer men- 
tions the Queen's advances to Hatton at 
first " in a good manner," and her proba- 
ble change of behaviour at the time he 
writes, ** after satiety and fulness." The 
purport of the letter is to counsel Hatton on 
his conduct towards Elizabeth, cautioning 
him, that, although she had descended very 
low in firailties, as a woman, not to forget 
that she is still his sovereign ; recommend- 
ing him also not to let the Queen see that 
he has any influence over her, and advising 
him with regard to his behaviour to Lei- 

Feb. 2. Mr. Amyot in the Chair. Mr. 
Ellis communicated, in a letter to the 
President, two letters from the Dnke and 
Duchess of Norfolk, to Thomas Cromwell, 
then Lord Privy Seal, forming a curious 
picture of fashionable life in the reign of 
Henry the Eighth; and also illustrating the 
multiferious private as well as public busi- 

ness, which at that time occupied a Prime 
Minister, and which continued so to do, to 
a great extent, through the succeeding 
reigns, down to that of Elizabeth, when 
this usage appears to have ceased. 

The Duke was Thomas tioward, second 
of the title ; the Duchess was his second 
wife, and mother of three sots by him, one 
of whom was the illustrious and unfortunata 
Lord Surrey. 

The Duke's letter expresses his willing- 
ness to be reconciled to his wife, if she will 
write to him, and disavow her accusation of 
his dragging her out of bed by her hair 
two days after her delivery, and wounJine 
her In the head with his dagger ; of which 
ill-treatment he protests his innocence in 
very strong and seemingly indignant terms. 
The letter of the Duchess, after thanking 
Cromwell for his kindness to her, states, in 
nervous aud decided language, her determi- 
nation not to live again witn her husband, 
from whom she had been separated about 
three years, on account of the cruelty with 
which he had treated her ; although she had 
but 50/. per quarter to live upon. She ac- 
cuses a female who had been " washer" in 
her nursery, of being the cause of her mis- 
fortunes, and to the Duke's love for whom 
she ascribes the neglect and ill-treatment of 
herself. After requesting Cromwell to pro- 
cure her additional allowance, she reiterates 
her determination never to go bark to her 
husband, who had neclected several ** mov- 
inir" letters she liad formerly written to 
bim. From the signature it appears that 
she hod employed some other scnbe in the 
letter^ but k postcript follows in her own 

I8i8.'] Anti^arUm RtMartftei. 

huul. in ohkh its pretenti Ctomwell irhh lliii fVioge-lika „_„„„ .^, , ,.„ 

• RiJd cu[. u ■ D>H jtu'f gift. iKort peiticoit, reichinfi froio ibg ■lii 

Mr, N. H. Nicolu BoiBinuoiciWd ■ let- the knn, .»rj »in;iar 1^ tlic Hune kiiH ot 
Wr rrom ■ Msmbec of the Council [o the |!"Tonit it prpwot wuroby Ihr HurhUoJen on*i«.le>, dtioibidl ihBMipTb*- tD.J«d iLc pmOD 1.1,1. firu informed Mr 
h«iour of Qam Eli»beth to the Mem- Skinne. of ihi. curLuui remwa, hipnwcd to 
her. of the CuupcU is gtantl, on hci Iwiog Iw (he .*rj muoD eiDplaved to uhce it m 
iBbroKd of tb. M«u«unof Quhd tlie wllof the fkruj-hoaM, uid KoorJioRto 
■rf Scot. : th,ir fruiileu wpplrctioB. i« h.r hi, o»n ,1^-, of the mbj.ct. h. d«crtb«l 
ID of Stcnurj D.™on, uul other it u > ormorikl la th»e U^ehlud Cliief- 
cunoue &ct. r.t.t<iig to Eli«b«iU-i eoo- t«M, « l» eud iho figure, iren dteewd 
*wfo, or uippowd ooBcen, la the dutli of tftcr the nuiom of the anclaot iabebiuati 
M«J. oflbecoool^. Tl.i., Mr. S.(,l«r.M, i, 
B«n7Qt Piiiiow»MreAt, WD Lm*»j.* t. !^'*^'!^ uuim<«» iW the L.hit 
S^„,^ wlc^led, wdoow woni by the HijhUndeii, 
ii •ctuillT derlred from thM tlie Kdbi*u 
As intrmlW p«|Hit *u >Mtiy reid bj won .l leul liitcen eenturif. egg, whilo 
Ilie RrT. .lobn Edco, on tome Knmu Ant!- retidlng mmoDg them. Frun ihg fersifr 
<iuilie< dltcuiened .m the nllum of Anin- Reidinj: u Nether Cray (who luppraad 
nine lioee ihu puhlicition of General Koy'i binielf to he pmeot whes thattoaeiru 
(IhicrTitiant I (od commiiDicated bj Uie dimiTSred. isd inieried in the widli of tba 
Re.. John Skinner, M.A. t'.AS. huUH,) Mr. Skinntr leanwd, thrt tbefe ma 
Tliew iBWrMiing Roiud Keuuiiu wen ui iDi<:ri|ilion attuhed to it, bat pucpoialT 
nnticrd bjr the aathot in the intuDiB of the liioken olf bji the muou in order to nuke k 
Uit year, while tncing the line of Anio- fit to iti pieient lituatian. Mr, Skionec 
Dine'i Vellum from I{o<me» to Old Kil then proeoeded to >ut« hii reun. /or be- 
I'ltrick. Thefint lubjectalluiled tu li pre- lieiin;; that this intereiting memorial mu 
■erved io the wall uf ■ fann-honie, denom'i- actual!)' deilgtud to repreient (br Etnpent' 
naled NrArr Croy, (ituaUd ■[ the foot of Sereroi and bii two lont, Ciracalla and 
CrujF Hill, naai Kilijih, where it wat Ueia, and waa erened bj tbe loblien eta. 
funnd DOt rwayyean liace, within tbe in- tioned at Croj Hill fon/en, to cmmemo- 
ctuenrr of tbe ftoman Station. The tlOn* lace lone important eienl teimtsattil Bodir 
(etideDtljafra^mntofonr of larger diman- thriratuplou while in Britain. Tbe learned 
tloiu) meaiiiTet eiilMD iocbei in length hjr Geatleioaa fine endaatoored to eulnUDtiata 
twalre in baiebe, aad reUini three Sguret hie opiniont by eolcring into a dnUilid ae. 
■ell eaeculed in baa reliefi the nnira count of the campal|riu of Sererua, tccom- 
fignre, «o old Ban, bating a fiill beard and panied hy hii mat, io Caledonia, when bii 
cbae culled hair, ii npreHoted with aiprar opt eliooi being principally directed agaiuc 
la bi> right hand. hi> left reiling on <□ C^<. Calednuiani, the cliaia of fiirta atta. 
olitong hallow ihield, plaoad apiigbt od tb* Uiibad within th* VaUum of ^nlfini, 
ETound, and naching aa bifb aa hit w^t. naarly H ~ ' ' 
Two baardlaaa joDtha accompany him : tbM ' 
nandiog on bi* right hand, it aiBlptmred ib 
a almtlar dreti and aUitade ■• bioiialfi with th* Ronani were in taanag OMmotUa of 
tb* utM lund of ipaar aod ahiekL Th* their Tictoiin and miliary nploita. Ti*« 
third figure on tha Im of the Ular person- mutilated etonia, indapandaBtiy of ilat 
ag*, hat hii (hitld •tatatod to the height of under coeuidaration, Mr. Skinner itatad M 
hie breait, ao aa Id protact the body i hit haie buaaelf noticed dining hia lata ^xem- 
apaar retting on hit right ihoulder. The tion. One praterred in the Ball of likt 
alualdiofllw figoret are of the tarn* fotm tame brm-houa* at NathaT Cnf, rapii-' 
and dimectioBi, omanKOted with thrut lenliiig a captiTe coucbiag baiealb, ami 
eampaianenti of tquarei aod otbl ; that of inpportlng a oiroalar band or manlll. in lb* 
the BiddlcfignrtretaiiH a creacmtor lami- centre of whloh there teenu to haie beta 
■ircie, tbe points rerened, ■» ■> to form an an ioicriptino to Victoij, the two fint let- 
arch or curiituri ibof e the upper Kch or ten V I ning retained ; ibe other part ii 
bau of bit ihield. Tbe two fine figurei broken off. To lb« right of the circle ia 
are clothed each in a close ginoeat, nearly eiscnMd a female ficun in bat ralief, U- 
hiddao by t icvf or toota cloak, which tended probably for Vie good genua of Ik* 
waas orer thi thoulden, and deaetndi in Romui people : tbe it represented utlW. 
M^ in front, laaiing the srma bare; the naked, itandiu hetweM two pillwti wJlith 
third he* his cloak ihtoaa aiide, ditcovenag an omamenlM witb a wanogliDe, .s»iw4 
a cuinaa or coat of mail fitting close to hit ing from tli* bate to tbe eapUhl, afcirihi 
nating below the waitt in manner nf tome lataiaari in 

• stripe* or bandelrties, tueh at wa draland Walthicn Abbrs, «««t«d «fcnM tba 
: on the raint and statoei of tbe time af lb* Normaa CoaqaHt, aad get 
Cieiais. Ttte other two, inttaad sf rally, b«t cnoBaonlj, iiff uMd H ten* 

M0 Antiquarian Raear^s. [Feb. 

been Sarcnted bj tha architeeti of that po- dcminitt tunrt'orodaoed on various Grecian 
riod. The second inscription, which seenu antiquities. The first he examined was a 
to refer to the victory of Severus, he saw in helmet of the antique form, found in a shal- 
• ferm-vard within the lines of the Roman low i>art of the sea between the citadel o£ 
Ibrtrtss at Achendavy, near Kirkintnlloch. Corfo and the village of Castrartis, which 
•Itis deeply and well cut, on a fragment of was partly covered with shells, and with an 
•tone, evidently part of a large Uureated incrustation of carbonate of lime. Its en- 
«oron, or wreath, dedicated to Mars by the tire surface, as well where invested with 
Alse of the second legion quartered there. these bodies as where they were absent, pre- 
In the second place, Mr. S. supported sented a mottled appearance of green, 
'his opinions from the general appearance, white, and red. The green portions con- 
«ge, and military accoutrements of this Ro- sisted of the submuriate and the carbonate 
.iBin trio; by reference to the coins of that of copper, the white chiefly of oxide o£ tin, 
«ra, by the similarity of portrait, dress, and and toe red of protoxide of copper in octa- 
jAOOOUtraments, availing himself of the awist- hedral crystals, mingled with octahedrons of 
r4uice and light which Montfeucon has pure metallic copper. Beneath these sub- 
thrown upon the subject. The concluding stances the metal was quite bright, and it 
vemarks of the Essay we shall give in the was found by analysis to consist of copper, 
•smthor's own words :— <* If what 1 have col- and 1 8.5 per cent, of tin. A nail of a simi- 
leeted firom various sources to identify this lar alloy from a tomb at Ithaca, and a mir- 
interesting remain of Imperial Rome, prove ror from a tomb at Samos, in Cephalonia, 
•Mtisfectory, my end is fully answered, and I presented the same appearances, but in less 
have only to express a hope, the stone will distinct crystallization : the mirror was 
Iw care^lly preserved, as it is undoubtedly composed of copper alloyed with about six 
the only memorial in Britain which can per cent, of tin, and minute portions of 
iKMst of retaining the effigies of three £m- arsenic and zinc. A variety of ancient 
«Mror8,a]l of whom were so actively engaged coins, frt>m the cabinet of a celebrated col- 
ta transactions connected with tne earliest lector at Santa Maura, presented similar 
fMriods of our history* Moreover, the appearances, and afforded corresponding re* 
orlncipal personage in tne group, after hav> suits ; the white incrustations being oxide 
lag visited almost every part of his exten- of Un, the green consisting of carbonate 
tf#e dominions, and fought and conquered and submuriate of copper, and the red of 
la every quarter of -the known world, at the protoxide of the same metal ; some 
kagth breathed his last at York, making having a dingy appearance arising from the 
this once hostile territory in feet his last presence of black oxide of copper mingled 
lioBie, his final resting place from toil. 1 with portions of the protoxide. Dr. Davy 
cannot conclude this article of the Croy was unable to detect any relation between 
Hill discoveries, without noticing another the composition of the respective coins and 
iateresting remain, which I believe hitherto their state of preservation, the variations in 
)ms escaped observation : it is an Altar dedi- this respect which they presented appearing 
cated to the Nymphs, dug up in the same to arise rather from the circumstances under 
station, and now preserv^ in the garden which they had been exposed to the mine- 
belonging to Nether CrOy Farm ; die in- ralizing agents. In conclusion. Dr. Davy 
aeription VEXILATIO. LEG. VI. VIC. observed, that as the substanoe from which 
I ndicate s, it was done by the sixth Legion, these crystalline compounds had been pro- 
•tyled Vlctrix, but under whose direction, duced could not be imagined to have been in 
or on what account, I will not pretend to solution, their formation must be referred 
■ay, since the last two lines, which would to an intimate motion of its particles, effect- 
•oavey this information, are imperfect. Were ed by the conjoint agency of chemical 
the^ ground properly excavated, within the affinities, electro-chemical attraction, and 
ttmiu of the ancient fort on Croy Hill, the attraction of aggrecatioa. He sug- 
Binch valuable information might be oh- gested the application of this inference to 
tuaed.'' explun various phenomena in mineralogy 

Chemical Examination o? Grkcian 8*®®fiy* 

Antiquities. Itauak Antiquitixs. 

The following is an abstract of a paper on Antiquarian conjecture has been much 

this subject read before the Royal Society employed lately concerning a very large 

oa 17th Nov.: number of flattened leaden bullets, which 

< Oa the Changes that have taken place have been discovered by persons digging 

ia some ancient allovs of Copper, in a letter aear the ruined walk of a very ancient town 

fipom John Davy, M.D. FJI.S. to Sir Hum- in the southern part of Italy. It is sup. 

phrey Davy, Bart. Pres. R. S.— In this let- powd that they were missiles employed by 

tar Dr. Davy, who is pursuing a train of sci- the army of Hannibal, who, la his expedi- 

catific researches in the Mediterranean, tion into Italy, u knows to have besieged 

dNcribet the effects whieh time and the the plaoe ia qotstioB. 

[ I9f ] 



{SztTKtid /ram Dr. NuTtAL 

1. \f AR-|Tli'BIS «-!« cHii I Anllic, Tim it the muijiei Si. AgwU'. iaj. 

Chriiliu f im libi qui wcwt, 
St ilmfaim dupla ilecont. 

Stit Dugii uciuui uigDa no* i 
Jiuu D«i libi cotAe Jiguu. 
9. Fottior luce Inicibatqne *ifi 
EnpiMuiE <Dk meialin fligrii ; 
Ptcton quim futric Tiljdo, 
Tortm nuniiUi docct patulo. 

4. Dilicia nil p.Tc» enl ', 
Putor a>iia Feliui hins nnei: 
LaticK iaile, migiiqus 
Cnnclk fligell* cd 

5. Ethnia iurl«, 
HuJ.. « ii»» mt. 
Quoi fidai tiEuliu 

Hi. RD» 

0. Jim nnitau, quad •pCMU> pt 
Pro miwio rogiu Damiio | 
^ tn Fnta coli &ciM, 
8* odibnotibtM ul hnat. 



nagu .fia 


with Chriit the ble.i 


BeauKDu. bcrfurtD, ud illii.triCHU been 
Fa[n'd *bo*a alJ for her virtue and gisca, 
Notbiugof eanhljduiTM ' 
Tnuling io bim who tbs i 
FitDwr wu iba tbio tha bubarout train 
Wbo to fell UuipoR dcfided her palDi 
Tuitun tad iasuit >h< ualicollj' bare, 
Whils her &ii bowm the .angei ton, 
ioj to her iDul WM [be priton'i deep gloom j 
Peter her ibeoherd eolitened her doom ; 
Pleased oilti tba icnurgiag her bodjr luiMio* 
Patieaca in aogaiib ihe Sriulj nuiotuiitd. 
Mornl. dF uulh <rha are caved from tha pie, 
Neading bei ud, will be bleat iiilh her imile 
Thoae Bho the title of "Failh/ul " aoaio, 
Agatba'f luie ii.aia than all .hall ablaia, 
Splmdant on bigh, and in biUd Brraf, 
tn 1 fbr tha miaaiaUa Damaan pnj | 
So tbM thj Fatlirali long ha mar koU— 
Warm in anpport of thf paataral Md. 


WHERE the bnnk in the lillag* '■• 

lilanti; SoDing ; 

ItiaofiiiJirer ilream mood'ring (he plain i 

!■ ipring wher* bliM i.'lela like imethjita 

elo-iog, [Alice and Juw '■ 

SlooJ the neat Hhite-froac cottage of 

lik* twin fionra of beautj b]> aumnier lou 
cheered, ['tain. 

And cbiiM ai the inow'drop diiMted of 
Tonther thejr lired — togetbcr endeared : 

And ibe pride of the Tillage were Alice and 

Tbair &tb*r tml mMhn An iJwU mm 

And duteoiulj Btron (o baniih thair paint 
And ihaj in return, alao lot'd tbam uoonalf. 

How blaai'd wu lb* enttaga n( Alica aid 

TwH th* oottaga of peace, of In*, and 
aArtion, [ahlhowniB; 

But how iruuientlbeir bliw — their hope., 
DiMaM thert iotnided with deadl* infectJOO, 

And blighted (ha hope-biul of Aliea aad 

And jel not a 
Tha' now overwhelmed with 

waa bencdiDtlHit 
But haav'al]! peace,otherpaaceiamMltiu(, 
FervMled the boMm. of Alice and Jaa* I 

* Thia Hjmn. which " wa> written befbra the deciina of tha Latin Uogoan (obatrvM 
tha tfanilalor], alfordi aome evidence of the method uf reuling veria among Uia RoBaMi 
for uniea. tha iambic, and anapicBta are diitinctlr pronounced, both the rhynM and nlUiic 
ifiaotitT, for which tha piece ia peculiar, will be utterljr loat." It alio " preaagla (eon- 
tinuea Dr. Nuttall,) a curuni. ipecinen of the vintEcation of the fourth Eagtniy, whan 
ihfBM bagao to be iDtioduead, and tha metrical quantiCj of tba A ~~ 

osnaannnda with tba beptheni 
t Vid« Qenk Mag. vol. lu 


Seleci F^ttry, 

• [Feb. 

Alice droop'd mm! the -diady liW -m hkt lilj 

blighted— * [tM)i>l£n; 

^ the bUstiog of mildews which ravage. 

Ere the sun in its course on the fourth dsj 

al'u^hted, [Jane! 

In death's icj mns were both Alice and 

IffiAk the tnaodaie of Heaven, in humble 

submission, [sustain ; 

The bereavM aged parents strove hard to 

And fervently jprajed, through Christ, the 

permi^sioD^ [Jane! 

* tn glory to n^eet with their Alice and 

Than,, the, maids of the village in sad, sad 

dejffction, [village fane ! * 

£ntotDD d their lov'd relics 'neath the old 

Their mem'iy embalming with tears of 


Sighmg^ '^ Peace to tha manee'^ of Alfoe 

and Jane ! 

Cambridge. T. N. 



/JRACEFUL « Phantom of delight I" 

' CHorlous type of beauty bright^ 
Sdeh is haunts the Poet's vision 
When hit dreams are all Efystan ;— 
When "his musing fan^ brings 
Shadows of all lovely things ; 
And, fiuned Zeuxis* art eacelliag. 
He hath iormed a secoud Hellen, 
Wanting but the powers of speech, 
Fiom the glowing traits of each ! 

But she may .not vie with thee I 
There's a sweet simplicity 
Flitting round thine open brow, 
Spoithig on thy ripe lips nowj 
Bnaitling o'er thy maiden cheek,— 
In hues that Jeave description weak,— ^ 
With a brightness all too real 
Boi a Foe^t^Beau Ideal I 

Though an angel's grace is thine, 
Though the light is hsJf divine. 
That with chastened lustre flashes 
Frbm beneath thine eye's dark lashes ; 
Yet thy thoughtful forehead £ur, 
And thy sweetly pensive air. 
Speak thee but of mortal birth. 
An erring, witching child of earth ; 
In each varying mood revealing 
Human hope, and human feeling : 
Gladsome how, — ^now vowed to sorrow, 
CSay to-day, if sad to-morrow I 

* They were both buried on the 4th of 
Jane^ 1658. 

1* Thb is extracted from the Literary 
Magnet, and is the production of Mr. 
Alaric A. Watts, whose talents are now 
dfltoted to the editorship of t|iat publi- 
cation. - > 

" HuBlreu fatr, the sport is over. 
Wherefore chain thy feathered rorer ; 
Rich indeed the prize must be 
That may lure him far from thee ' 
What to him are^ood and jesses 
Tangled in thy glossy tresses ? 
Dazzled by thy beauty's light, 
Can he plume his wiogs for flight ? 
FetterM by a smile so bland, 
Will he ever leave thy hand ? 
No { let him on thy beauty feed, 
And he'll no firmer fetters need ! A. A. W. 


pjARK ! the loud cry through vast At- 
lantic's roar, 
, Sails on the wind, and gains the British shore ! 
Where petty tyrants man's best rights 

And proud Oppression binds the iron yoke. 
Where the poor slave in vain for freedom 

Struggles through life, and unlamented dies. 
Tom from hia home, no friends bewail his 
doom, [tomb : 

Affection, friendship, weep not o'er his 
No social ties — no fond relations near 
Tell the sad tale, or drop a kindred tear ! 
Hark I the loud cry through vast Atlan- 
tic's roar, [shore t 
Howls to the skies, and gains the British 
Rouse ! Britons, rouse ! for Mercy's 
lovely name. 
Adds the bMt laurels to your well-earned 

fame : 
Mercy, the brightest gem that decks the 
crown, [frown. 

Endears the smile, and lights the monarch's 
Ambition gains not horrors by the plan— 
Infeitaal tiaffic ! that enslaves a man ! 
Rouse ! Britons, rouse ! nor leave the 
slave oppressed ; [breast ; 

Wake the best passions that adorn your 
Restore the negro to his home again. 
Crush the dire bonds, and burst the galling 
chain ; [resound, 

TJl Freedom's Paeans through the world 
And echoing nations swell the choral sound ! 



At the Grave of three lovely Oiildren. 

I^LEEP on, sweet innocente> consign'd to 

Till Heav'n discloses an eternal day ! 
Till kindred Seraphs, bending from the 

Sliall, in sof^ whispers^ bid you wake and 

rise! , 

Then join, for ever join the choir above. 
And for your earthly^ share « hcav'nly pa- 

rent'f lore. 

I8M.] C 1« 3 

• . " • . 



PA. 8. Thi Smirth SMiios of ibe the frit ffMniirfio CUSwrf Irtirti, 

FitH PwiUseot of the pMMiit lUigB wm mtm, md Hmmhmrm. HiiM^MMlHimit- 

Uut 6mj opcMd liy Rml CoMi'iMion. «iM«neta<tob*UbdbMya«aC^w<ra 

Loni GiffM. OB Ulttir dTth* Lonb Cob- Tiwtj of Aauty, Cniiim, mI Wiig 

BitMiMn,deIimtdUiofolkmbgSpooelit tkm, c o n elaJiJ boiwtwi Hb M ri rtl# ifcd 

tlw ReMblis of Cohnriiio. dw MtfiMiM 

*• J#jf Lofdt nd GetdieHUHf ^ whi rh Hirt boitt oadh^aad ^a^ tk« 

«< We are cow m am M by BU M»}of«y to doio of Ao It Stfitioa. f fih r o K^f i i ft 

nlbrm 70a thirt Hb Mijct ty Iim mob with imo «fl^ mh, ^ lll^ HWfllMi ordS 

gnat rmt tht MBbtfnMiMBt which hw Traitor* HioM^Mr «» tew. smJ of yokr 

occontd ia the pacoaaafy t f i oBctiow of mhtiw Hit liriti Nmtt thai ha 

iht Couatry, nact the cIom of tht lirt tti- l^f aoi to taaoawt la va« tb ttnfeindte 

•ioa of Pariitaeat. This tuBanaMBMBt ofhottlBlita is laAu BMflhaaMntei 

«a act triMfronaay political tveata,eithtr of tht Im wwBMiigB, thwgh tW hwrtty 

at hooM or tbrotd. It was aot Mrodacad „{ ^ fanm of Ha Mijmi, iSi-af fli* 

by toy uotapcctcd dtoktad npoa tht publie ^ggg |^|^ Coaaiay, gad the MB md M« 

lasoureety oor by the tppielieatioB of toy g g t tiaaet af the* ooanwaiM* hiNV b^ 

iattrniptioo to the geoefal traaquillity.— uttinWd with vailani tiiOMitf tei Ifit 

SooM of the ctuMs to which thit cv3 matt Mijmtf ttfsttt ^ t a OottliMmda af tha 

ht attributed, lie withoat the reach af ^^nr extitioBt tmf trtf, al ■» ifag^gt M- 

diiect parliameatary iaterpoaition ; nor caa ^^i^ ^ |m hoooonUt aad MtfaiMfft SI- 

aeconty aipuau the leconeace of them he «fiMtioB. Hit Mrfiilj'itiiwgn hit tete 

Ibuad, uoleaa io the czpcrieace of the aat- dkeeted to iht feaiiihinitif tftnuUmii 

feriogt *hich they have occasiooed. But^ g^m mi iniiiiiniiad ia Aa ktl fitiilM af 

to a certaia portloa of thia evil, cor w t ttive ParUameat far ianraiiaa thi ttnMftfiPtf ti 

at Icait, if oot effectual remedies may he it^iaU. The b£aifyaf thai Mttaf die 

applied; aad Hit Mafeatyieliea apoo year TVitnil Kingdnai, HiaMaJim hatAt Uttr- 

wiidomtodtfiatauehmeeaBraaaamayteod iMtioaaf aoqaabliag vaa, IttenooMtaf 

to protect both priYtU aad publie iotortfli jprirtnal and tfintraT adrtiif eiaait ta id 

agaiaat the Ifta auddea aad violcot fluctoa- vaacemeat aiSoly to be aStribotid la thai 

taoaa, by pbciac 00 a more firm foooda^ ,|.le ^f ti^^bqidllity vhidi aoiif li<n»ly W 

the currtocy uid drcnlatiof credit of the ^\^ thfoitfhaol all thapfoHatfiMiriiillBdL 

Couotry. His Majctty eoouao^ to receive ..^ ^, i-a*.M^ .>— . 

fromU Alliea, aiTd eJaerally, from all fo- '*OtntlemmiiraiiBotm^CMMM 

reign Priecet aad States, the strongest '^ Hb Mijeify haadhaetid thi £ithiat4i 

aasoraoces of their ^iendly dbpositioa t<^ for the year po be piaparad iad bid bdMi 

wsrds Hb Majesty. HU MuMtv, on hb y^u. They have beea fiMMd with it 

part* U constant and unwearied in nb endea- ankioas desne to «vo«d tvety aspeoditai^ 

vours to reconcile c<»nflicttng inteiesU, aad beirood what the neotisanr daaMadi of tlkt 

to recofcmend and cultivate peace both ia public serViot may requite Hb Mi^fcsty 

the old world and the new. Hb Majesty nas the satbfiictlod of mfenbfa^ yoa, thiH 

comnuuids us to inform jou, that ia pur- the produce of the reveaoi, ia the btl yiar^ 

anance o( tbU policy His Majesty's media- has fully iustified the espeetatiims cata^ 

tion has been sucoestfully employed in the tained at toe commencement of il. 
conclusion of a Treaty between the Crowns •< j^y £^,^ ^^ GenOemau 

oFPortucal and BraKil, by which the reb- << u* »« • ^ j « t ... 

tioos anil friendly inUrcourse, long inter- . "l* Majesty deeply bmeau the Inja- 

rupted between two kindred nation, have "*»^ 'f «^ which the We peeaaimy eruia 

bain restored, and the independence of the "J*"* '»^« "«~1«^ "PO» "»«7 branches of 

Brmxir.aa empire has been f<Vmally acknow- Vf^u^^S^Jf^ ^^S^ff^ ^ *^ 

bdged. Hb Maiesty loses no opportunity ^?^ Ktegdoto. But Hb M^esty eod- 

^living effect^SsVi-^pbaoTtladeaaa JJS?^ ^ *!!!' *^ *^ temporary chedk 

Navig^on. which have revived the sane- ^J*^^"!"* "? manufcctoies may ^ 

tionofParlUment,andofesublish.ngthem J^^ ."^A J?'**D*°'f; !?'' «»^' ?^ 

asfaraapossiUet^engagtmentswithLeign hles«ng of Dbme Provlden6r, wither U*. 

powers. * Hb M^t7li directed to be l2d f ' 'K^. TV ^ T "^'h ^ 

Ufore you a co,?of a Convention fhuned 00 «np«<«« the growth of aatloaal pro^hy.- 

those principles, which has rrcentlyl>een con- In the House ov Loaot, tWjEtri^ 

cYndM between Hb Majetty and the King of VeruUui^ moved the aaaai ^U^rtii tft Hb 

Frmce; and of a similar Convtntioa with Majesty, which was ateoadfd by tht Earl of 
Otar. Mao. Fetruarg, 1 8Stf . 


170 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. ^ [Feb. 

Sheffield. — ^Lord King introduced an lunend- the eountry wm suffering. The first, and 

meuty pledging the House to proceed to " a that which it was intended to originate in 

rerision of the Con» Laws, as the best means the House of Commons, was, as he said, a 

of securing and extending the comforts of Bill to limit the period during which coun- 

His Majesty's subjects." The noble Lord try bankers should be permitted to issue 

spoke with great asperity of the conduct of notes for less than five pounds to three 

toe Bank of England, which he said had, years; in which time it was expected that all 

. by its over issues, mainly contributed to such notes now in existence would be worn 

woduce the late embarrassments. — The out, which Bill was also to provide against 

, Earl of Liverpool reminded the House that the stamping of any such notes from this 

ll^Jbad last year <' created an opportunity'* time forward. The second measure alluded 

to admonish the public of the ruin which to was the removal of the present restric- 

, BUMt follow the then prevailing rage for soe- tions upon Bank Partnerships, as it might 

- eolations. All that he bad predicted had affect banks situated at more than 65 miles 

WtbappUy been fulfilled. One effect of the distant from the Metropolis. This measure, 

. npi^ulatioDs had been to draw out a circula- he said, would be introduced in the House 

iion of Country bank-notes, to the amount of Lords. The Right Hon. Gentleman ex- 

of ^ur millions in two years. The notes of plained that the law for the prohibition of 

thia description afloat in 1823 being four small notes was not intended to extend, in 

millions, and eight in 1825.' This rage, the first instance, to Scotland or Ireland, 

therefore, among many concurrent causes, though its ultimate effect, he hoped, would 

t ha assumed to be the principal causes of the be to give to every part of the empire the 

late embarrassments. The remedy which benefit of a metallic currency. He concluded 

, ha should propose would be, to remove the by moving the following resolution: — 

limitation to six persons, imposed upon Bank " That it is the opinion of this Committee 

partnerships bytne Bank of England Charter, that all promissory notes payable to the 

M fiur as it could affect bankers at more than bearer on demand, issued by licence, and 

65 miles distance trom London, and gr»- mider the value of 52. and stamped previous 

. doally to withdraw one and two pound notes to the 5th of Feb. 1 826, be allowed to cir- 

irom circulation. The noble Lord also de- culate uutil the 5th of Feb. 1829, and no 

elared, that in the present state of the longer." 

Coontry, Ministers would not feel justified Mr. Baring, in a speech of great anlma- 

ID any agitation of the Com Law question, tion and ability, reproached the Ministers 

The Amendment was negatived, and the with hav'mg manifested unparalleled igno- 

, 44dfast agreed to without a division. ranee in Uieir correspondence with the 

^^__^ Bank, and with having brought the ma- 
nufacturers of the Country into the greatest 

Housi Of Lords, Feb, &. difficulties by their setseless theorizing. 

• The Earl of Liverpool moved for an He ascribed the present distresses (which 

•ccoont of the number of notes under five ^« professed to think likely to continue for 

pounds issued by the Bank of England in » thne, though still but temporary) to the 

*the February, May, August, and November accommodation which the Bank had af- 

' quarters, from the year 1819 to 1825) and forded to Ministers, by which upwards of 

of Bank post-bills for the same period, 22 millions of the capital of that Corpo- 

distinguishing the quarters. Also, an ac- r»tion was rendered unavailable fir the as- 

oount of all the notes issued by the countnr- swtance of commerce. As a measure of 

hanks during the same period, distinguish- wlief and security, he suggested the adop- 

Ing the quarters as before; and of all bank- tion of silver as well as gold as the stand- 

^ptciessmcetheyearl8l9,andofallcharter8 ard of currency, conformably to the prac- 

ghmting privileges to bankers. The motion t'>c« of *Jl the other nations of Europe, and 

was extended to Scotland and Ireland. warned the Legislature that the removal of 

the restriction upon Bank partnerships 

W would be quite unproductive of any good 

«T /> .. -^..- v^f 1 o effect if the example ef the Scotch system 

House of Co^cmons, Feb. 10. ^^^^ ^^^ ^^„^^^j throughout, by allowing 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer intro- capitalists to invest a specific sum in the 

daeed the proposed new arrangements for proposed partnership banking concerns, to 

the Amendment of the Currency and the the extent of which sum ody they should 

wcurity of the Banking Trade. He com- be deemed responsible. In conclusion, the 

■MBced by an elaborate argument, in which honourable gentleman deprecated any im- 

JM endeavoured to show that the late em- patience to try experiments, in the present 

harFMsments were but the natural canse- condition of the Country. Major MaberUy 

ententes (f proaperih/. He then explained and Lord FolkesUme ascribed the embarrass- 

.the two measures by which Government ments to over-trading. Mr.AusibtMon replied, 

'liesigiied to provide against the recurrence — On the motion of Mjr. Canning, the d«- 

^ similar ealamitiis to those under which hate was adjourned. 

11^86.] Proceedkii^ in ike prumt JkiriM iif farUamei^ 


Fa, IS. The adjounied 'd«b«te <m die • 
Banking Systbm wm resumed, on the mo- 
tion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer.-— . 
Sir J« WroUeiley opposed the motion, and 
spoke with ^eat animation on the cruel 
injustice that had been done to the country 
bankers, by the allusions made by them in 
the letters of Ministers to the Directors of 
the Bank of England. He denied that the 
gentlemen thiis aspersed had encouraged 
groundless speculations, which he showed 
to be directly repugnant to their interests. 
He taxed Mbisters with a criminal parti** 
lity, in treating as sacred the supposed 
rights of the Bank of England, while they 
did not hesitate to sacrifice the piTate 
bankers, who had invested (heir property 
upon the faith of Parliament, solemnly 
pledged in the Extension Act of 1823.— 
Mr. Peel supported the resolutions before 
the House, and defended his Bill of i819> 
which he said only enforced an arrangement 
absolutely necessary for the salvation of the 
Country. He lamented the departure from 
the principle of that Bill committed in the 
Extension Act of 1828. The Right Hon, 
(Grentleman then proceeded to contend, in a 
very ingenious argument, that the direct 
operation of the present system of private 
banking is to encourage speculation, when 
the tide of commercial affairs sets in that 
direction ; and to aggravate all the conse- 
quences of a panic, when public credit is 
upon the ebb. Mr. Atttvood and Mr. H. 
Gumey opposed the resolution. — Mr. Canr 
ning spoke at great length in support of the 
Resolutions. Disclaiming any disrespectful 
feeling towards the Country Bankers, he 
submitted that these gentlemen could not 
with safety be trusted with the royal prero- 
gative uf making aud issuing money. He 
defended the bringing forward the subject at 
present, upon the ground, that to allow the 
Country Bankers a further respite, would 
be to furnish them with an opportunity to 
. obstruct the measures which hereafter Par- 
liament might think necessary for the re- 
form of the currency. The Right Hon. 
Gentleman then proceeded to draw a distinc- 
tion between large and small notes, in favour 
of the former; and illustrated his ** fair 
ideal" of national wealth, by the figure of a 
mountain of paper, whose base was irrigated 
• with gold. — Mr. Pearse defended the Bank 
of England from the charge of extorting 
exorbitant profits in its transactions with the 
Government. — Mr-Grenfell and Mr.Brough" 
am supported the Resolution. — The House 
then divided, when the numbers were — 
For the Chancellor of the Exchequer's 
inotion, 232 ; against it, 89. 

Feb. 14. On the motion that the report 
of the Committee on the Bank Charter, 
and Bank Note Act be brought up,-^Mr. 
Caleraft, condemned the course taken by 
Ministers aa precipitate aud dangerous.— 

Mf. Budt^ OwPMifmtfM (In M/bt^yn^^ 
vide affainstthe want of fe cnneney Wnidi? . 
the BiU-wonld othenrise eertunlj prodimt] * 
that the words ** Bink of Ei^^hiid OM / 
pound notea," should be ifamek out ef thi- 
Bill.— Mr. EUiee gave" 4 long e:Kplanitia[t; 
of hia motirea in votmg for' the propositiiMi 
of MinjslSers, which, as well as it could b4.> 
collected from ah infinite variety of topiw» '. 
appeared to be an opinion fliat ^e WKL 
before the Committee would enforce fht- 
repeal of the cierh laws. — ^Mr. 7. U^Umtk 
complained that the agitation 5f the^piet- 
tjon of the currency had already done grwl . 
mischief in the city, and tiinateoed nSKL 
more disastrous conaeqoencea; Hetskiii 
the Chancellor of the Excbeqoer, wfaetfia^ 
he waa prepared with any meaanre of dhK 
viation for the great and growine.calain]|g^ 
that had resulted from his pertinasity m 
adhering to his measures, und suffgtatiA . 
that a loan similar to' that made to tne dit" 
tressed mannfacturera and merchantf itt 
1793, might now be issued with aafel^ tad 
advantage,-^The ChaneeUor of the S3t%- 
chequer rejected the proposition for a Ion • 
as certain to encourage unfoi^ded •peedb' 
tiona hereafter by the infiuenoe of its ea^- 
ample. — Mt. Robertson attributed the fsh* 
lie distress io the withdrawing of the floai^ 
ing capital of the country, wnieh, he mSA^ 
had been reduced firom 830,000,000 to abouft 
70,00(1^000$ he approved of Mr.T. Wilr- 
son'a suggestton.<— Mr. Huskisson deekrad 
that an increase of cfarcnlation was neceaMry* 
and suggested that if the Bank would -g6 
Into the market, and boy the floating aaqn^ 
ritles, now so inneh ^pressed, to a very 
considerable extent, this would be a mode 
of increasing the circulating medium per- 
haps less objectionable than any othor. It 
was quite » mistake to suppose that tiiB 
Bank was at all choaked up at present with 
Government securities. This waa what ho 
should recommend. A large issue from the 
Bank, by purchasing Government secnritiety 
would produce great relief if they thouj^lft 
themselves at liberty to take such a connd^ 
and he thought they might do so with per* 
feet safety. No difficulty would be found 
in making an arrangement with the First 
Lord- of the Treasury and his Right Hon* ' 
friend for the redemption of such securitiee 
in due and proper time. This besides wae 
a plan of relief which, might be acied oa 
- immediately.- — ^The original motion 
ultimately agreed to. 

Fed, 16. Sir John Newport m<mA\tk 
series of resolutions declaratory of aboieo 
alleged to be committed in the asseisiiitBfe 
and application of Church rates iti' Ivekad* 
The Hon. Baronet, after citing tevenl riim 
of irtegular and illegal assessments, pTOiitd 
the consideration of his resolutioni mpiMt 
the House od the ^oand that the exi'fMwjit 


^ocudinpin Parlkuneni.^^^Fpreigh, Nploi. 


#MM>T*f<* fai thtm bora ptoulkriy hard 
npob the Romaii CatkoliQ papul«tioiD, who, 
mogb thty had to pty niuon the grv attr 
part of theory had no vote in the aMessmentty 
Bor iaterest in the objects for which theie 
■wirfftniTnti were mads.-^Mr. Goidburn, in 
' nflj to Lord Althorp'a qaeUion, garc an 
iapoaitioD of the aeveral qikeasures for the 
h|im*ovenient of the Sister Kingdom , de- 
■ijfciil by Obvenunient to be introduced ii| 
urn course of ih» session. This cxplana* 
taim iras an exact repetition of ^at given 
oB a former evening m the other House by 
the Earl of liveroool. The Right Hon. 
G^t* then availed nimself of the opportu- 
ai^ to explain that the operation of the 
Titlie CompoeitioB Act hed surpassed his 
tspectation, having been enforced in 676 
jurishes (one fourth of all the parishes in 
the kiagfiom), and having produced by its 
iiMKieet influence, amteaUe accommodations 
hi inany more ; and then addressed himself 
to Sir John Nearport's motion, in relation 
#B mhkkk he observed* that he had it in 
eontemplation to introdisce a Bill to correct 
fkm ivrsinilarities complained of, and that If 
lbs Right Hon. Bart, did not withdraw his 
fesokitioM, he (MrXkmlbum) should move* 
te en amendment, that leave be given to 
Wing in die Bill in question.<— Sir John 
Meupoft declined to withdraw his resoln* 
tiaoe> as he was desirous to put them on 
feoord in the Jonmals, and Mr. G^uiburn 
•MMd acoordingiy.— -Sir 12o6eri /j^gfis hiffhiy 
, ^ftsamoved of the icsolutioas of the Mem^ 
iMir nr Wateiford, and o£ the tone of the 
«rnments by which that Right Hon. 
^lemher had endeavoured to recommend 
UwB. Admitting that some of the assess- 
Bents to be found in the fetoms made to 
Parliament had been irregular, he showed 
/that ther had not been made in a spirit 
of hostility to Roman Catholics, many of 
iSbtm (which the Member for Waterford 
'jhid stikigely ofwrlooked) having been made 
for objects exdasively Roman Catholic, 
jHi^h aa building Roman Catholic chapels. 
Jk then deuMstrated, from the 


anthoffltyy diat thes^ assessments could 
rarely m oppressive, the^ never, excepting' 
in one instance, exceedmg 8<f. upon the 
acre (which is as five to four of the English 
acre) and rarely approaching to that sum. 
And this, he observed, was in a country in 
which, as it had been proved to them by 
the evidence of a Roman Catholic priest, 
the peasantry were taxed for the erection 
of Roman Catholic chapels at the rate of 
six and even twelve shillings an acre. Sir 
R. Inglis concluded with declaring that he 
would never bit in silence to hear the Pro- 
testant church establishment in Ireland 
misrepresented and aspersed. — Mr. C. Huh 
ehmsonf Mr. Monk, and Mr. R. Martin, 
urged the necessity of taking some step to 
improve the condition of the Irish poor.— 
Sir John, Newport replied shortly, txit his 
' resolutions were rejected ; and Mr. Goul- 
burl's amendment carried without a division. 

House or Lords, Feb. 1 7. 

The Earl of Liverpool moved the second 
reading of the Bill to amend the Bank Char- 
ter Act. (49 Geo. III.) The noble Earl 
entered into a full and perspicuous explana- 
tion of the measures intended by Ministers 
for the reformation and security of the cur- 
rency, of which this was one. He observed 
that it was not only in mining and loan 
transactions, and new projects, that the 
spirit of speculation luul been mischievously 
active ; he cited several returns of the im- 
ports of wool, timber, silk, &c. to show 
that in the oldest and most legitimate 
branches of trade the scale of importation 
had been enormously increased during the 
last year. After some objections by the 
Earl of LauderdaU and the Marquis of 
Lansdoum, the Bill was read a second time 
without a ^vision. 

In the House op Commons on the same 
day, the Promissory Notes Bill (sec p.l 7 1 ) 
waa read a second time without a divbion. 



speech of the King of France, on 
J the Chambers, commences by 
floding to the death of the Emperor of 
Russia, and states that the Kinj^ has re- 
cdved from his successor, and troin other 
poeretSy assorances of coatinoed friendly 
dispesitions. He next speaks of a conven- 
tion between Frsnce and England for regn- 
liting the navigation of the two countries ; 
«id in allusion to the < definitive separation' 
\mi £it> Domingo, which has been lost to 
-dpnce for tmrty years, will submit a pio- 
fo dhride the WooHHty granted 4o 

the antient planters. In speaking of the 
improved state of the finances, he proposes 
to increase the revenues of the churco, at 
the same time feeling confident that direct 
taxes to the amount of nineteem millions 
(of francs) may be repealed during the ses- 
sion. His Majesty then proceeds to recom- 
mend that measures should be adopted to 
arrest the progressive subdivision of pro* 


AcoorduBg to M. Hermann, of the Aca- 
demy of Soienoes at Petenboigh, the classes 
of^ faiMOiilHittf •{ Rweia, inoMbg ttie 

roliad aor rmtelt vtn tt mlofvi I and from FtaiDB eonemr i^ ■*>^«»# fliff tbm ' 

MJtt. AodiSfM. *M opt the tii^qett prospect of peact. U 

NoUei Ml^eoo — 660^000 does not appetr that we have vU/Ab nj* 

Qem f UyMO •— 400*000 MOMblehnpreMioii on the Barrow^ «e oalf. 

Mfftnaatt ••.«.• 149»000 — SOP^O^O potieM the ground our armiet cover, and all. 

Tiaden^ inhabi-? »Moim i AAAMin- 5<*» "> ^ ••»• ■» «»«• Wherever we 

taau of tovai C •''''»'''''' •" i,o«o,ogo move. We are paramount, ^t armed part^' 

CnltiTafcon« as- J >mmediatel;)r close upon our i»ar, Astruag 

empi£roaiea-> l^tOOiOOO—t^OOyOOO neonaoitering pait/ fras la^j sent Iram 

pitsiJeo •• •• ) Prome, to a^ceruin if a force was collecting 

Coesadb, tdSm .. 1»1I0,000 — f»tOO,000 ^^ adirante of the^, and it was found thac' 

FMsaais i«VM- J ,^ ,,. ivwv— •• ^va* aaa ™"7 thousands were assembled together, 

mtkg^.... J ««>no,000-8«,79«,000 and had stocked themselves. 

iaws • 1 00,000 — 9 10,000 ^^^^ — The Dutch Ooverament of Java 

£asplogped by 1 .^ _._ -^_ _^^ Ss hivohred in a very ruinous war with the 

Govmarat / W,300— 190,000 Javanese, who have gained some importfat 

Arm^aadNarr.. 500,000^1,000,000 advantages over their European rulers. I| 

UaeMlitadTAaa 500,000 — 1,000,000 eppears that a numerous pwty of oMhrea 

GREKCE. collected with hostile intentions at a plaotf 

The news from Giteea cootboes to be 5^ Demark, shdut afventeen milei webt 

mofa satisiaetory. The defcat of the Turks <V famarang. The autliorities of Aat placa 

and EgyptSaas before Missokmghi, the naval f "^^^^ **"? • volunteer corps of cavaliyn 

victory of the Greeks, tho reuklog of Trl- T^ **^. t^ ^v""? ?"' "*^'^^ "^f^ 

poliaxa by Colocotroni, the da^ of a ^™^' ^'^ ■ hundred seamen and a few 

eorpa of SOOO men, sent by Ibrahim to- "•V^* ^^' .•"** ^"^"^ S?» ^ proceed 

wards Saloea, raoeives eoofirmation by let- ™.*?"h.'^* insurgents. When they camn 

ters received from Greece, or the iwigh. "* '«*** ^J^* «?«'"y» ^V ?>«'»«^^ ^ ^^K 

booring countries. Admiral Miaulb, who •«']>"•« "^m three to five thousand mei^ 

alter keeping in check for twenty days with JS '*'"**' '*^'' "P *" *^'** columns. 

only twenty-sb Hydrloft vessels, the whole Tlie European commander ordered hit mei^ 

Turkish fleet at Patraa, had sailed to ascer- *? ™ *^^^ ' .'*** insurgents were imme- 

tain and to remove tha diifieulties which **'**?.'? ? T^''''^ *** "*"' *?**'°' ""*« 

Dfwvested tba other two Greek divisbni •mall body of cavalry, twenty-e<g<it m numy 

km Joining him, succeeded hi his object, ^'' ^'."5 »nexiHjrienced, were immediatalr 

aad wtmSi on the 99d of December with i**T° i°^ confusion, and two were kille^ 

shty-sevaa sail and several fire-ships, in by the first discharge from the insurgept^ 

time to relieve Missolonghi, where a scar- ""P?* l^.^!," *""' charged the cavaliy 

city of protUioos began to prevail. For ""*"* *T" ^^•^'^ »P«»" *^«» «*»«/ Mp 

Ibrahim Pacha, after several attemuto to »^»P^ .^ retreat. After a moment's 

force hb way by Calavriu and Acrata, in consultation, the Europeans determined t9 

which ha was defeated with considerable loss J"? **? '**• '^' *"** attempt to pass the 

by Loodos, had thrown himself into Nau- ^ ^ ®^ men that occupied the road betwea* 

pacta, and suddenly embarking on board the **»«"» /"^ Samarang ; but the attempt 

Egyptian vesaeU which he found at that P"* ''^^ unfortunate, as some of the 

place, had crossed the Gulph, and Unded *l°"** !^^ ?" •"^ ^'*'*^ ^^•"^ '*<*«» »ntp 

Mar Miasolooghi. Scarcely had he reached y^« »oft "«> broken grounds of the rica 

tha walls of that heroic city when he ordered "*''"' "" ^ **? instantly tpeared by tha 

a meral aasauh,' hoping to carry it by sar- «"^'^y: Several of them then returned to 

pnie. The brave garrison, however, were 7*" ^?'"f ' position, and cut the'.r way 

on their guard, and the efforts of the *""*"Sh the enemy that occupied another 

Egyptians, notwithstanding their discipline, IT** *" 'Tm**1 ^.°»*!*°« >»» "^ty- 

were not more successfol than those of *»urteen were killed and missing, including 

Redschkl's Albanians. Ibrahim was beaten **''" yo«og t.nglish and Scouh agents for 

faMTk at all poiuu, and compelled to retire cmnaiercial houses m BaUvU. The w^ola 

wiHiia the Seraskier's ancient entrench- «^<^«^^»;« ^«"^ce of European troops does not 

■e«ta. But as he retained that position ***'5*'* ^^^ men, and the citizens of Ba- 

and a naval force blockaded the place by ^''"'. "* '*L*"* *"*'*^'y **"ft' *^ '^^ • 

aaa, tba want of previsions began to be sen- '*«"'*' ^"^ ** common soldiers. 

Si^k'S^'^.hfTuT^S^no'lfl.ft , UNITED STATES. 

and tha communications be'mg restoied, . *T ^^^ Fapera of the 81st alt. ooa- 

Misadoaghi was re-victualled. ^'^ ^'^^ Annual Treasury Report, of which 

EAST I\nrFiS V ^''* S'y "^°* to giva a vary slight 

Tha UX^gIJ^^^' l u 'J"**^- ^ P»"^ nrveouacfthiUiUtad 

nijMan Govemmant « makmg the States in l8S4Vmouacad (iachidiM a loan 

»oat f^fgatic pieparatMms for the opening of 5,000,000 6\Akn)to M^lJ dS! 


Foreign News.^^Dom^Hc Occurrences. 


Ifn ; makings with the halance in the Trea- 
•firy Jan. 1, 1894) of 9»463,922 doUara, 
aa aggregate of dd>845|135 dollars. The 
expenditure amounted to 31,898,533 dol- 
lars ; leaving a balance in the Treasury of 
Ii946,5d7 dollars. The actual receipts 
into the Treasury during the three first 
quarters of 1 825 were 2 1 ,68 1 ,444 dollars, 
and those of the fourth quarter are esti- 
mated at 5,100,000 dollars, making, with 
the above balance of 1 ,946,597 dollars, an 
aggregate of S8y7289041 dollars. The 

total estimated expenditure of the year is 
23,443,979 dollars, leaving a balance in the 
Treasury, Ist January 1826, of 5,284,061 


On the 10th Dec. a formal declaration of 
war was made by tbe Brazilian Government 
against the United Provinces of the River 
Plate. Several cruizers, under the Patriot 
flag have appeared off tbe coast of Rio Ja- 
neiro, and captured a few vessels. 


Feb. 3. The Court' of Proprietors of the 
Bank assembled to consider a nrojposition 
made by Ministers for the repeal of certain 
parts of their Charter. The Governor read 
to the Court a correspondeuce between Earl 
Ldverpool and the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer on the subject. Ministers stated 
in this correspondence their wishes re- 
specting the Bank privileges. It was their 
intention to prevent tbe issue of one or two 
pound notes by country bankers in the 
course of two or three years ; by which (he 
country would return to metallic currency. 
Ministers also stated, that they were fa- 
vourable to the establishment of branch 
hanks bv the Bank of England, — but that 
•lone, they considered, would uot avoid a 
recurrence of the late disastrous events : 
and hence, they proposed to throw open the 
country-banking system to any number of 
{M^rtners of known responsibility, the whole 
ofwhose property is to be made responsible 
for their issues. The Bank wished an ex- 
tension of ten years to their charter, which 
expires in 1833, a» a compensation for the 
sacrifice required, but which iVlInisters 
firmly refused; they, however, conceded, 
that within sixty-five miles of London the 
existing privilege of the Bank of England 
ahall continue ; but beyond that distance 
the number of partners in a banking firm 
shall no longer be limited to six. It was 
therefore proposed to the Proprietors to 
agree to the wishes of Ministers. The Go- 
vernor added, that the Bank Directors 
viewed favourably the idea of establishing 
branch banks under their cootroul. Afier 
a long debate the Court rejected a proposi- 
tion of adjournment, and the original resolu- 
tion for agreeing with Ministers was carried. 

By an official document, we learn the 
number of country bank notes issued in the 
last six years. The total amount of country 
bank paper in Great Britain increased from 
3,493,901/. in 182o7 to 8,755,307/. in 
1 825. In 1 820 the larger noles were about 
equal to the smaller, and in 1821 they 
were even less in amount; but in 1825, 
when the smaller notes were 3^951 ^499/.> 
the larger were &>508>808/. 


Home-— Lord Chief ^aron and Baron Gra- 
ham : Hertford, March 1 . Chelmsford, 
'March6. Kingston, March 13. Horsham, 
March 20. Maidstone, March 27. 

Northern — Justice Bailey and Baron Hul- 
lock : Durham, Feb. 23. Appleby, Feb. 
27. Newcastle, Feb. 28. Carlisle, 
March 1. Northumberland, March 2. 
Lancaster, March 7. York and City, 
March 18. 

Western— Justice Burrouch and Justice 
Gaselee : Winchester, Feb. 27. New 
Sarum, March 4. Dorchester, March 9. 
Exeter and City, March 13. Launceston, 
March 20. Taunton, March 25. 

Oxford — Justice Park and Baron Garrow : 
Reading, Feb. 27. Oxford, March 1. 
Worcester and City, March 4. Stafford, 
March 9. Shrewsbury, March 15. He- 
reford, March 20. Monmouth, March 
25. Gloucester and City, Marci\ 29. 

MiDLAKD — Lord Chief Justice Best and 
Justice Littledale: Northampton, Feb. 
25. Oakham, March S. Lincoln, Mar. 
4* Nottingham and Town, March lO. 
Derby, March 15. Leicester and Bo- 
rouch, March 20. Coventry and War- 
wick, March 25. 

Norfolk — Lord Chief Justice Abbott and 
Justicie Holroyd: Aylesbury, March I. 
Bedford, March 7. Huntingdon, Mar. 
11. Cambridge, March 14. Thetford, 
March 1 8. Bury St. Edmnnds, Mar. 25. 


Bedfordshire — R. Elliott, Goldington, esq. 
Berkshire — ^W. Mount, Wasing-place, esq. 
Buckinghamshire — Geo. Morgan, Biddies* 

den Park, esq. 
Cambridgeshire and HuniingdoTuhire—'Thot . 

Skeels Fryer, Chatteris, esq. 
Cheshire — W. Turner, Pott-Shrigley> esq. 
Cormcali — T. Daniel, Trelissick, esq. 
Cumberl. — H. Senhouse, Nether Hall, esq. 
Derbys. — Sir R. Gresley, Drakelow, hart. 
Devonshire — L. W. Buck, Daddon, esq. 
Dorsetshire^~-C. Buiton, Wyke Regis, esq. 

■e. — Promutivn and Preferments. 

UU, StOlTthPlTOTJ, CM|. 

GioucaltTih.—yt. H.B. lUlc, AltlcrlcT^aq. 
Hntjardihire—F. H. Tliomu, Much Co- 

Hr,^Brdik.—S]iO.DachttU RoiiIdd, but. 
ffnil— &i John F«pg> Mj-iwlo, bitt. 
ia«oi*.— J.P. MucUll, PenojBlidge, esq. 
i.rk£(Mri A.— T. W .Oiahin.FriEliHauie.oq. 
Lsneaiiahirr — li. MuiD(n, Blmluun, etq. 
Mntaaoalhildre — &. Hull, Atwrcstn, nq. 
Nur/oJl— Sic E. BuoB, RavcaiDgbun.but. 
KorlliampUmihirt—G. Ftjur, Sulbj, nq. 
JVorlhiimt.— V/. PavicB, ShattdoB, eiq. 
.VjM;>(Aini<iAtfc — G. Stills Foljambe, Oi- 

OifonSihrr—Vf. P. W. Freenwn, Henlif- 

upoa-TKfciaHi eiq. 
lUUaiKlihirr—T. Hill, I'ppipghva, ctq. 
A'tm/oAiri— JuhaCalo, WondcoM, esq. 
JwwrKliAtrr— W. llal^, Eut Cukec. «q. 

SlaffiirJiK J.B.PIillip*, Heith Home.uq. 

(iniiilj/ cf Snaihamplm — Sir C. H. Rich, 

^hittoj H»UK. Un. 
SugHk—i. V. ei<e(, StoU one Clue, «q. 
Smriy — H. DrumtDoni], AlW; Puk, «tq. 

SuBBt—3. HaoklDI, BicnoT PirV, nq. 
/raraic-fciAirt^youel Flaw, Weddingloo 
H>ll, eta. 

ffl/«fl— T.C!utletbuek., „«. 

flfMonjA— E.W, Sejmour, Porthtniwr, ciq. 
rardigaiFjAire— T. Dmvies, Curdig.n, «.q, 
farmnrlAenj.— W.Du Buiuoo.Of; nhii, egq. 
GVamoiffiinJ* ire— Tfionms Edwitd Thomu, 

PtmbnkahiTt^. H. Piel, CotU, «q. 
/iodmn-jJi'rc— Juoe> W»tt, Oid Kidoor, «q. 

NoaTH WiLH. 

y^Rj/fK^— H. D. Gclffilli, Cierhun, ^,c^. 

MuDin, «<q. 
Dtaiighiliire—T. FiCihugh, Piupnvec, uq. 
FUnlthire-Joha Price, Hope Hill, cin. 
Mfnp,>tlhMTr—VI. CaMOD, Cjnfcl, eiq. 
Jlfuji/gnmerjijAire — Jolia Htuitei, Ghn- 

hifiea, eiq. 



H'sr O^, i/m. 91),— iOih foot, Lieut. 
Ccd. Thomu to be Lieuu-cnlnncl. — 3 1 it, 
tieat.-vgl. BiiinigudL, to be Liiut.-col. — 
64th, Ueut.-col. Fet/oD, 3 1 It /uat, to b* 
Lieut. -col. 

fl»r«g« Ogiet, Jan. 31 .—The Hon. lU- 
b*rt GordoD to be Eoto, Eiirwr. tnd Mi- 
siMR Fko. to the Emperor of BruJ ; aod 
Arthor Aitna, eiq- to be Setreterj. 

rrtrOflUi, Tff, i. — Cth font, Mijor 
S. B.T.yliirtu b« Mijur. — B7lh, M.jnr 
J. A1||c« tobtM^or. 

;n>feAiia, at. S^HeBrj Bard, eaq. 
Liein.-Gonnor of tht OAotj of Berbicc. 
— Wb. Conrtewj, CM|. (a be Clerk A»ut- 
aot of the Fuliunanti, D. HenijCewper, eiq. 


JVfu™« (Cornwil!).— Hon. C. Percj, ri» 

Tvn™ CO.— Hod. H. T. L. Conj. 
/f aru'L-t—J. TooH'i. eiq. iia MilU. 


Rev. T. Sineletoo, Arehd. of ^DrIhuInb. 
Rev. C. A. MojKj, Preb. of Weill Cittved. 
Rev. H. Pemi, Preb. of Weill CtlhedniL 
Rn.T. Alliei, Wonuington R. eo. Clouc. 
Rev. E. Bagihiwc. Evkni R. cD. Derb*. 
Kev. £. BeiDi, LlinderK^I R. co. Merioneth. 
Ue.. W. iiircti, Bucfucd V. cu. OiTiicd. 
Rai. R. BliJie, GieM Buton V. co. Suffolk. 
Rev. H. C. Lleaver, Hawkhont P. C. Keot. 
Rev. Thonai Carljoa, Truro R. Coroirall, 

!• fiLtliei 

ir Office, Ftt. to.— sad reg. of foot te 
I "Rolcia," "Vimiera," " Pjren- 

toick Cbapel Mi- 

(h« diatinnifbe 
— Uuuaeiied.-i 

Rev. W. Ftireett, BruD 
niitry, Mary-le-bone. 
Rev. A. Fmter, Ruihmere V. «.. Suffolk. 
Rei. J. Ilallward.EaM Thorp R. CO. Eim. 
of Rev. G. JnhiuoD, Hiotoii Bluet R. Co. Son. 

,.v...„ th. PeniOBula. Re«. J. Lyon, NewcaitU V 

Caot.J.Wildmao,7thDiac. R«»- C. Muigmve, St. J'lhn > Chnich, in 
~ b. Mdor. Boundhav P. C. eo. York. 

W^ Wi«, Fd,.n^Md reft. (botLieut.- »•». R. C. Pbelipi, Moataeute V. eo. Som. 
rol. R. rtiee, to be Ueutvcol— Major W. »«•■ J- P""". R""!"" J' ■"' •'*"'■,. 
R. Clmoo, to be Major.— Unattached! Rev. H. H. Rogen, Pill R.Snmer«tibir«. 
To b* M^on of lot Capt. W. F. Fontor, g"- J Saoden, Towceiter V. Northamp. J. WkSo, 98th foot. R"-K;V™«M,Chicktooy.Wd..h,re. 

^^ BcT. R. WiUon, Aihwelthotpo R. -ith 

WrfDinKham cun Najflaad aiDfied, co. 
MiHiui miTnantD to P>rl[»imt. Norfolk. 

iaxtury. — Hon. A. Legga, ctet Hon. H. 

I^gn. Civil PuirinMiNTi. 

ainri^-HranB>a1ui,aq.«ieeWJtfoit«i Ror. J. Josea, Head Maater of DorUoB 

Kit, «. Fie* Gmmmar-ichool. 

Sater^. T. Kik«»kk, Mq. vice Cottf Rev. H.SMbbkiK. SwxMd MiMn of Non 
i«BMr. wMh n«t Qramnuc-Mhool. 

[ 176 1 


Jau 91. At the VicMnge, Creech St. 
Mibbael, Soni. the wife of Rev. H. Cress- 
welly a SOD.— 99. The wife of Francis Bai^ 
iagi esq. a son.— 94. At Canterbury, the 
wife of Rev. W. Barlow, a. dan.— 97. At 
Fitaharris House, the wife of Wm. Bowles, 
es<La soD.-^dO.Tbe wife of W, Johns, M.D. 
ofOxford-road, a son. — ^Mrs. Kelson, of 
iPerkeley-crescent, a dan. 
' idUely. At Kettendon, Essex, the wife 
of the Rev. J. Strange Dandridge, a son. — 
The wife of John Cnrwood, esq. barrister at 
Uw, a son. — ^At Woodleigh Rectory, De- 
ton, the wife of Rev. Rich. £dmonds, a dan. 

—At the Vicarage, Bradford, Wilts,j;the 
wife of the Rev. Howel Jones, a dan. 

Feb, 2. At Clifton, the wife of Rich. 
Donovan, of Ballymore, co. Wexford, esq. 
a son.— 4. In Weymonth-street, Portland- 
place, the wife of H. S. Montagu, esq. a 
son. — ^The wife of Capt. Edw, Purvis, of 
Reading, a son. — 11. At Burghwallis, Lady 
Louisa, the wife of Wm. Duncombei esq. 
a son and heir. — 19. At the Vicarage, 
Sunning, Berks, the wife of the Rev. G. E. 
Howman, a dau. — At Basildon Park, Berks, 
the Lady of Sir Francis Sykes, Bart, of a 



Nov, 30, 1895. At Shrewtoft, WUta, Mr. 
9* L* Tovey, Surgeon, to Martha, eldest 
dau^ of Charles- Howard Wansborough, esq. 
of Shrewton Honse. — Mr. T. Ogden, of Sa- 
Uabury, to Harrieti dau. of J. Wansborough, 
of Shrewton Lodge. 

Jan, 17. At Alderston, Major Norman 
Pringle, son of the late Sir James Priogle, 
of Stitchell, bart. to Anne, dau. of Rob. 

Steoart, esq. of Alderston. 1 8. The Earl 

of Clare, to Miss Burref, dau. of Earl and 

Lady Gwydyr. 19. At Bury, co. Lane. 

O. O. Walker, est), to Mary, eldest dau. of 

T. Haslam, esq. of Chesham House. At 

Marlborough, John M. Blagg, esq. of 
Cheadlc, Sti^rdshire, to Anne, dau. af 

John Halcomb, esq. 93. At Worcestei', 

T. Baydton, esq. late of Clifton, to Jane, 
daa. of J. Williams, esq. of Pittmarston, 

Worcestershire. 94. At Salisbury, Tho. 

Le Breton Pipon, esq. of Jersey, to Miss 

Maria Pipon. 95. At' Saling, Essex, 

Capt. Hamage# R.N. to Caroline, dau. of 
the late Barilett Goodrich, esq. pf Saling 
Grove.-— — 97. At Gamston, near East- 
Retford, W. Grant Allison, esq. of Louth, 
to Susanna Catb. dau. of the late T. Falkner, 
M. D.- 98. At Whitby, George Merry- 
weather, esq. of Socket Grove, near Stokes- 
ley, to Jane, dau. of J. G. Loy, M. D. 
30. At Hessle, Lee Steere, esq. to Anne, 
dan. of James-Kiero Watson, esq. banker, of 

Hessle Mount. 81. At Greenwich, Lieut. 

Wm. Reyuolds Foskett, £. I.C.'s service, to 
Charlotte-Warren, eld. dau. of Mr. J. F. L. 
Jeanneret, of Maize Hill, Greenwich.—* 
At Chatteris, Rev. Benj. Geo. Blaokden, 
Rector of Thorpe, Derbyshire, to Mary, 
dau. of the late R. Denny, esq. of St. Ives 

Lately, At Cheltenham, Major W. Pearce, 
€Oth Rifle Corps, to Rhoda, dau. of the late 
T. Protheroe, esq. of Usk, Monmouthshire. 

Rev. James Grooby, Vicar of Swindon, 

to Cath. Mary, dau. of the late Rev. Dr. 
Vilett, of Swindon. 

r. Feb. 1. At Salperton, Lient;-Col. Hick* 
Beach, R.N. Gloucester Militia, to Jine 
Henrietta, dau.' of Johto Browne, eiq. of 

Salperton House. 9. At Canterbury, 

Henry Bedford, esq. to Eliza, widow of 
Capt. HerbeH Wm. Hore, R. N. of Goul- 

hore, CO. Wexford. At Wallingford, 

Rob. Hopkins, jun. esq. of Tidmarsh house, 
Berks, to Caroline, dau. of Charles Morell, 

esq. At Stockport, Rev. Isaac Newton 

France, Incumbent of Stay ley bridge, to 
Eliz. dau. of Rob. Davies, Esq. of Belle 
Vue, near Dukiufield. 3. Humphrey Aus- 
tin, Alderley,do.Glouc. to Emma, 
dau. of Edw. Austin, esq. of Clapton, Middl. 
4. Charles Stephenson, M.D. of Moord- 
place, Lambeth, to Cath. dau. of John 
Abington, esq. of Dean'^-yard, Westmin- 
ster. At St. James's Ch. Henry Bet- 

tesworth Trevanion, esq. to Georgiana Au- 
gusta, dau. of Geo. Leigh, esq. and niecfa 
of the late Lord Byron.— r — 7. At St. Mary- 
lebone. Rev. Alfred C* Lawrence, to Emily 
^ary, dau. of the late Geo. Fmch Hatton, 

fsq. of Eastwell Park, Kent.r ^The Rev. 

Samuel Carr, Rector of Eversden, Suffolk, 
to Mrft. Buxtoo, 6f Northeod, Hampstead. 

At Winchester, N. Lipscombe Keht^ 

ish, esq. cousin of the Lord Bishop of 
Jamaica, to Anna Maria, dau. of Mr. T. 
Judd, of the Livery, Winterslow, Wilts. 
'. — —Thomas, son of W* H. Haggard, esq. of 
Br^enham Hall, Norfolk, 'to Maria, dau. 
of the late Wm, Tickell, esq. of Queen'> 

square, Bath. ^At Yately, Hants, Fred. 

Glover, esq. Capt. 49th reg. to Mary, dau. 
of J. Broughton, esq, G^ R. N. of Black- 
water. 9. At Cheltenham, Capt. Cha« 

Paget, to Frances, dan. of die late W. Ed- 
wards, esq. of New firoad-atreet.— Horn 
Thomas Lister, only son of Lord Ribblos* 
dale, to Adelaide, datt. of T Lister, eso. of 
Armiuge Park, co. Staffoni— ^r-At Waltt 
hamstovr. Rev. Geo. Rob. Crray, to Eliza, 

dau. of Wm. Tooke Robinson, esq. 4 0. 

At Hayes, co. Kent^ Lord Dunally to Hon. 
£mily Maud, sister o^ Vkooont Hawardeo; 

11. Benjamin Kingston, esq. of Wal^ 

ton Hall, Deiijfe<ir*» i6 Attcia, (teoghter of 
J. Saunders, esq. of Dowries if otiM, Elihg, 


EIarl or Ankeslev. Kimeitl, Duncin Dividioii, Eiq. itid 

Latelp- Al tlie Giant'i Catueway, ulbcr gvnilcintu. 

Irdxi-I, U*d S3, Ite Rishl Hon. Wil- 

Uam-Ricliu'iJ AnnetUy. ihird Enrl An- Six David Dunqas, Bart. 

twilev, fourtb Viicouiit Clcmwley and Jan. 10. Al RicbmunJ, Surrey, Sir 

Itaruii Ai>nir>l>y wl Ciullc-Wcllaii, id ihe Datid Ouadu, fint Baronet, of Bich- 

i'crrigv al InUnd, a Prity CouiKellur n>oml, and uF Uanelly, co. CiriDiribcii, 

ill llur kinicduin. and a Triutee of tbe and Strjeaiit Surgtuii to the King. 

Lliicii Manu'uiure. SirD«vid derived liii detcenl from the 

H* <•■■ lb* eldettcan of Rii^hard ihe nncient lamily uF Duiidns of that ilk. 

3d Earl, by Anne. o»ty child aud sole He ttu Ihe tbird loii of Ralpb Duiidu 

heir u( Rulien Ldtmbert, riq. uF Dun- ol Manout, by Hcl-n daughter of Sir Iluoni macriedMay 19. 1803, Tbama* Burnel, Pbyilciaii In Kin|[ 

Udy Itabvlla St. U<tr>iiee, 3d dau. of Cbartei i he Secuiid, King William, and 

Wilhain.iecondandlaleEarlurHuwib, (jiieen Amie. He unrried Isabella, 

by whom be had iiaue Maty, born in daughter bf William RubeiUon, ot Riuh- 

Unnb 11)04 1 and tuccerded bit (aihcr, mtii'd. ICiq. by ithooi be bad iisue, I. 

Nov. S. la34 (»ee vol. xciv. ii. 561). William, ditd an infant , S. WillMHi. 

Tba Earl biviog di«il wilh-niC male burn Dec. 10, 1777. who batsucceedfedio* title! andeilatea have devulved Ihe title; 3. Geurge-Ralpb» died young i 

un hii iici^heii', ihe eldeat lun uF hit bro- 4. Maiy i 5. Jameb-Pullarlon, Captain in 

Itwr <Ue Hun. Robert Anticsley, laie the Bengal Artillery; 6. Elizabeth; 7. 

LunHii al Aiitoerp. Margaret i B. Uab«Iia { 9. Juhn-Burnei, 

Midshipmsn R. N. ; aud 10. Edxard, 

Loao Artiiub Facet. uhu died an iiifam. 

Dk.SH. At Lullon, near Sledniere, 

YorUbire, in hit SI tt year, Lord Anbur WilUam Nohthbv, EsiJ. M.P. 

PagrI, third uin uF ihe Marqucai uf Jan. 19. Al hit houie in Brulon- 

A"xlewa, by bi< firii »iFe Caruline-Eli- Mreel, Willian) Nurlliey, Esq. uf Bui- 

aabcih, daa. ot George, 4<h Eirl ef hall in WiU<h>re, for nearly 30 years 

JerM-y. M.P. lur Newport in Curnwall. 

The death of Ihii much etltemed He wu tun uf William Nonhey, Eki. 

young nobleoau wai ocvationed by an of Ivy-boUse, VViItt, a Gruom nf bis M«- 

aeddenl wbiUl hunting; bi« lione (ailed jeily'i Bedehamber, and iDceetiirely 

ill an (Kemptedleap, and fell upon its Meniber Fur Calne, Maid.Ione, and Great 

rider. He oii ipei'dily removed, and Bedwin. Tiie dtceaud cat for Newport 

" in lii PaHianieiiU, baviug been (irtt 
elected in l79St Hii vote wai gciterally 
given to the Opposition. During the 
•ar he curamaiided the Box Valun leer 
Inlantry, amounting to BU rank mid file. 

rvery Mttntuin 
liltlcltopetuf 1 

b<:l^n hi arri 
had eapired. 

H» retnunt 
lb* Uh ol Jail 

paid to bim, but with 
Ilia reruvery. Au e&pres* 
hit diit retard pa'clii, but, 
iral, Ihe youthful Lord 

paiKd through York on 
luary. in aalemn (uiier.l 

K>rdihire. lb. 

their -ay for inter 
■ult al Lichneld, in 
! praceuion wai m 


1 Siaf' 


John Ahaii, Esq. 
On hi« way hume in Ihe thip Albion. 
John Adam, Etq. who after the rtiuni 
uf the Mari|ue» uF Haiiiiigt (o England, 
actedaiC^vertior-GKneraloflndia. The 
of the 7ib Hutiart, icaliuned at York Direclan I'f tin; EaiL India Company 
Bkrracki, and proceeded through tbe aunn alrer came to the lolluwing uiia- 
riiy wiihDUt Mickl^ate Bar lu Dring- iiimuui Retolutiooi — 
IliHjtM, tbe band playing tbe " Dead " At ■ Court of Director* held un 
■Olrcb ill Saul," the drumi, trUDipeli, Wediinday, tbe I4lh Sep^ IS35. 
Ac. Wii'i coiered with black cliith. " Reiolved unanimoutly— That ibit 

r ,. ,.~ ...1 ill the r'gi- inielligpiice of ihe iteMh "f Mr. John 

OMiK, and bii ileaih it ircaily deplured AdaiD, on bi* pua*^ from India to tbi* 

by bit felluw uffiiert. Tlie funeral w at ccmmry, ilaaira to record iu tbattrongMt 

attCDded by Ihe Earl of Uibridge (tbe term* Ibeir denp lenie uf hit eaempliry 

deeeutira hnilbci), ai chief mourner, integrity. dittlDguiihed ability, and in- 

Lard Hacdonald, the Coli.nel of the re- defaiisable seal, in the tervice of (be 

Gbht. Mao. February, 1836. Eait India Company, during a-piriod nf 


r Jdmiral Macnamara. 

,0 yean; in thsroon 
after filling (he highest olhre' 
Bengal Govpnimeiit, he wnB 

Coulicit, null held, during lome 
of ibsl lime, ihr stHiiuii uf Cu 
GeiiFrai. Aiiil thm (be Court it 

Reiir-Admiiial James Macnah 

iMUIy. AtCUflon.JflmetMiici 

E*q.-Re>r-itJiDJralorTl-.e Rvd. T 

me The weather was i 

ihi hazy, atiil the wind blowing hard. Rnn- 
ii>r- iiing the Soulhampion cloie aho^inl of 
■An- la Vestale, he snor eumpelled her to mr- 
iurmw wliieh render; but when ahoui to take poaies- 
> and frieads sian, his mizen-mast went by the board, 
of which, and the inereMing density at 
the aim OS ph ere, the enEmy taking advan- 
tage, re-huiBted her coluurs, and went 
off lieForethe winil after her companiuns. 
Chnfrlned as Caplain Macnamara was 
at this event, it wag nut long before 
anothrr npiiartunily of diitinguiebing 
himieir offered. On the evening uf June 
9, 1796, Sir Jnhn JerTls, at lba( time 
Cominaiider-in-Cbief in (be Mediterra- 
whom be aceumpanied to the East nean, ditcovered a French cruizer work- 
ItidieB I and immrdialely on his arrival inginio Hi£resbBy,nearTuulan ; andim- 
there, was removed into the Superb, of mediately singling out the Soulhamptan, 
T4 gunt, the flag-ship of Sir Edward called ber cammaiider on buard Ibe Vic- 
HugheE, K. B. tury, pointed (be enemy'* ihip out, and di- 
Saun pFtT ibe aelion with M. de Suf- reeled him lo make a da'hal her through 
(rein, off Ciidjalore, June 30, 1783, in the Grand Paiae. The Southampton wM 
which the Superb had 19 mrn killed and instantly under weigh, and passed the 
' ' Mr. Ma. " 

nily in 1 

eland.- He entered the nava 

1783, un buard the Gibraltar 

ol BD gu 

[11, bearing (be broad pendant 

ul the la 

e Sir Richard Biukerton, Ban 

pointed (I 

wbk'h si 

.r Ibe Mo- 

lurned (o England. He luhieipiently 
lerved for several years as a Midshipman 
on board the Eurupa, bearing the flag of 
Admiral Innes, at Jamaica, on which 

74 guns, and the Victory, a first rai 
former commanded by Captain Gc 
latter carrying the flag of Lord 

e N. E. end or Porquero 
in view of (he Bnlish fleet 
with agonising suspe 


nipt, that 

scarcely any thing but cumplele Bucceis 
could have juilifled. Sir J.ibn Jervii, 
on this occasion, even refused to give a 
written order for the undertaking i be 
oCap-ain Macnamara, "bring 

I ni 



II order 

If you 

of I 

that nobleo 
Com man 

e war with France, be i 

i of the 

with "ad 
(See vol. L 

(. p. 773.) 

', about the perloi 
evacuation of Tuulon. He v , , 

wards ap|Kiln<ed atting Caplain uf the lak'ini:' pnssession al PuKo Ferrajo, eva- 

Bombay Castle, 74, frum wbicb ship he cuaiing Capreja und Cursiea, in the ex- 

eiehaoged iiitulheSuuibampton Irigaiei pedilion against Piombi no, and liege of 

but, owing to mistake, w.ns not confirmed Cattiglinne. 

in his pust-rank (ill Oci. 6, 1795. Towards the latter end of )79(>, tht 

The Suuthampton furmr d part nF the - Southampton captured (he Spanish brig 

light sqiiadnin under the orders of Cum- of war El Cutto, of IS guns, in a hard 

modure NelBOii, sent (u co-operate with gale, by boarding, under (be batleries of 

1 Sardinian armies in Monaca. The hrsl aliempl Failed, only 

e the 

mpt t 

left off Genua to blnckade 
Frcncli frigate, of 36 guns 
of 33 gunsj two hrigi, n 
l-unB each , several cutters 

&c. Notwithstanding this i 

sniy a 35-gun frigat 

nd on 

on board ; but Captam 


stimulated hy (he desire 

f rescuing so 

brave a fellow, made a sec 

ond dash, and 

lie, a 

succeeded in throwing abo 

ul 30 men in- 


lo her, when the lurrend 

red. During 

■g 16- 

the ensuing 4S hours, th 


nais. and the 

se dis- 

oed for that 


of the coi- 


swain, rroro the leropest 

UDUi weather. 

ISfA.] OsiTVABT. — RtOT'Aitmiral Matnamara. 179 

and <he ihoal water Captain M»na- Capliin Macn«mara wu taken into cui- 

niira*! <hip nat in, the aboTe ippeart tody, and on the 33iJ of ibe aame month, 

lo bave b«n one of ibote penloua aeti tried at the Old Bailey (tee vol. Liixiil. 

that nolbiiiK but the corifidencr he re- p. 373). His dofence, an eluqueai appeal 

pixed ill the ikill and bnverjr of hit lo the feelings and pasiiona ol the jury, 

prF* puulil hate wan-anlcd. be read hiniseir tu ihe Cuuri, and ihen 

In th* memorable battle off C<ip« St, railed on Ihe fullovine naval offlcer), to 

Vlnrenl. Frb. M, tI97> lbs Soulbamp- eive evidence nt to bi> character; UB, 

Ion nu one of Iha repeating frifcaiei to Ihe Viicouni* Hood and Neliini, Lord 

the centra divitton dF Sir Jnhn JervU'i Uoiham, 5iir Hyde Park.r and Sir Thu- 

fleer. Sha relurned la England in the maiTroabridjce ; Capiains Msriiii,ToW' 

monlh of June roHoningr, and <rat jooq ry, Lydiinl, MiiVire, and Waller ; alio 

after pot oui of Fomniiiiion. General Churchill and Uiril IHinIo ; obo 

Captain Macnamara'a next appoint- all concurred in ttearing teiiiroonj' utbi« 

mrnt <•■< to the Cerbemt, of 3S gunt, cunduci aa an ulficer and a gentleman ; 

iplurcd and of h<9 beinj; an honorable, good- 

Hue, of humoured, pleiuant, lively caropanion. 

On Ihe 30ih Oct. 1799. our officer Tlie jury withdrew lor about ten mi- 
being on a cruiae off Ferrol, fell in oith nutei. and then returnrd a verdict of, 
a Orel of Spnnitb mercbanimeii, etcort- JVol GNiUji. 

eit by lire frtgitti and too atmrd brigi, Uur offlcer lubieqncnily oblained iba 
■birh he imiDedialel; attacked, and romman.l of the Uiclaiur, a 64-gun- 
Dearly lurcceded in bearding une of ihe >hip, in which he lerved (wo years on 
(rica<**> but O" obliged lo rrliiiquith tbe NorlhSeaitailDii, and ibun removed 
the aticmpl in conieiiuence uf being into the Edgar, 74. In IBC8, we find 
*rty cloaely prettvd by llie red. He him emploveil in (be BaIhc, under the 
bowner lixik potie>tion of, and arter re- orders nt Rear-Admiral Krali, and as- 
BMving ber people, tel Gre to. oneuf the lilting in the reiCDc of the Spaniib army 
iwretiant vaitrli, in Ibe midst uf the cnmm:tnded by ihe Mar(|Uli de la Ru- 
•ne«y'» aquaUron. The Cerbetui on niAna, whicb bad been drawn from Spain 
(bil aceailtin had Urr maiii<loii-tBil yard- l>y Buonaparle, preparatory iu hit de- 
arm carried away by Ibe rigging of the Hgni njion thni tiiunliy bring earrird 
tbip the had endeavoured Iu boird, and inio effect. Whild on that irrvire, he 
auilained aome other Irivial dimagei, wat selected (o command lume gun- 
bat bad Uut a roan killed, and only 4 buali *rnl to attack a Daniih brig nt 
woiwdad. The gallantry »( her cam- war and a culler, lying under ihe pru- 
■laniler. in aeeking a conlPd with aotu- lection of the balleriei aT NylKiig, and 
perior ■ lue, excited eeneral idmiraiiun ; which he compelled to aurreniler .ifier .1 
■nd the Lordi of the Admiralty, at s gallant reiitiance. They proved lo be 
token of tbeir approbation, pxid him the Pama, of 18, and Salottnan, of |3 
tb* eMDplimenI of prumoling hi< lir«( guii«. The enemy on ihit occation had 
LinilenaBt to the rank of Commander. 7 mrn killed, and 13 wounded. The 
In 1800, Captain Uacnamara wat tent Britith, one officer, Lieulenant Harvey 
la tbe Jamaica tiaiiun, where hecruiied of ibe Superb, (lain, and 9 teamen 
with eoutiderable luccets during Ihe re- wiiniided. 

Baindcr of tbe war. After ihe peace uF On hit return Iu England, Captain 
Amiena, be went teieral limFi lo St. I>ii- Macnamara wat appointed tu ibe Bei- 
■ingo. to confer wilb tbe French Gene- wlik, a new 74, in wbicb he wat em- 
fal Lt CletC. The Cerb-ni* was paid gff phijed on varioui lervii e* m the Nonb 
at CbBtharo in Teh. 1803, after h.-ivinj; Sea, and oeoationally had the command 
becniBatt actively rmpl»yrd. and almost of a sc|uadr<in hlui'tadnig Cherbuurgb. 
eonitantly at aea during a period u< fi^ On thr S4th March, 181 1, he chated a 
jvara and a half. lar^e French frigate, am] cumpelled her 
On Ibe 6th April, 180.1, Captain Mac ii> talie shelter, with an ehbiiig tide, 
naroara bring in Hyde Park with hi* within the rudkt near Barfleur light- 
Newfoundland dug, tbe latter lirgan hnute, where the wai burnt by liercrew, 
fighting *iib one belonging to a Li.-Col. after receiving cuntiderable damage from 
Munigumery, who alighted frum bis (be Berwick't Rre. 

borte to irparate them. High wordi Thrdeierued wai advanced toihe rank 

eniued between their retpective owners, of Rrar-Admiral, June 4, 1814. He 

vhirh ledloaduel the tameeveniuEat married, at Knib, Jan.96,lglB, Hen- 

Cbalk Farm. The paniet were both ricin, daughter of Edward Kinf, of 

wounded, the Cokinel murt.-illy. A ver- Atkham Hall, etii. and widow of ibe 

diet of nantlaugbter having been re- hoii. Lieui.-Cnl. George Caricton, bro- 

lurncd hy the Ciroiier'a inquiiiiion, ihet of the preunt Lord Dorclieiter. 


Obituary^— it/q;.-<Settv Johnstone^r^Major Schalch. [Feb. 

Major-Gen. G. Johnitonb. 

Lately. At Edinburgh, Ma^or-General 
Georfce Johnstone. 

This officer was appointed Lieutenant 
in the Marines, March 5, 1776. In 1777 
and 1778 he served at New York and 
Halirax ; in 1781 he embarked for the 
East Indies, and was in various sea 
engagements ; and he returned to Eng- 
land in December, 1785. He received 
a commission in the New South Wales 
Corps, Sept.S5, I19%i i^nd in December 
1796 embarked at Woolwich for New 
Sodth Wales, where, paying only a short 
vitit to England in 1801, he senrj|d till 
1809. He receired the breret of Major, 
Jan. 1, 1800; a Majority in his corps 
Nov. 13, 1 806 ; and subsequently a Lieut- 
Colonelcy. He was appointed Lieut .- 
Colonel of 93d Foot, May 3, 1810; 
Colonel in the Army, Jan. 1, 1819; and 
Majdr General, Jane 4, 1814. He served 
in the campaign in Flanders, and com- 
manded the 6(h British brigade of the 
Sth division, but which, being at Hal, 
was not engaged at Waterloo. 

Major Schalch. 

Feb, 93, 1895. In action in the Bur- 
mese territory, at the Stockade of CUom- 
bala. Major Schalch. 

His paternal family is said to have 
been of German extraction. His father 
and some immediate relatives were offi- 
cers of rank in our Royal Artillery, for 
which, or the engineers, the son also 
was originally intended. With this view 
he had been placed at the Military Col- 
lege at Marlow ; but his health proving 
delicate, he was removed from that in- 
stitution. The same delicacy of consti- 
tution would seem at times to have at- 
tended him in after-life ; but under the 
influence of his ardent and sanguine 
disposition, he ever treated it lightly, 
and as seldom as possible allowed it 
to interfere with his pursuits or iiicli- 
fiattons- It was recommended to his 
friends, that he should proceed to India; 
and in ld09» at the early age of 15, he 
arrived in that country, as an Infantry 
Cadet. It may appear strange, that at 
this period there was nothing to mark 
or difttinsuish in him any superiority of 
education or ability ; and in some few 
of the common acquirements of general 
education, he was said to have been 
•carcely equal to many of hi$ young 
contemporaries. Soon, howtver, his 
mind, hitherto unawakened, was roused 
to an impulsive sense of its powers. In- 
stigated by the example and kind as- 
sistance ol Captain Everest, nuw em- 
ployed on the trigonometrical survey of 
India, he enga^^ed deeply and success- 
fully in mathematical^ astronomical. 

and other congenial studies and pursuits. 
Under a former Surveyor-General, Co- 
lonel Crauford, he still further improved 
himseUi and after having been actively 
employed under Captain Morrison in 
surveying theSunderbunds, he was no^ 
ticed and kindly patronized by the Mar- 
quis of Hastings, and obtained in 1819 
a situation in the Quarter-Master Gene- 
ral's departntent. It was then that he 
first became conspicuous at the Presi- 
dency, and thenceforward, in the survey 
of Calcutta, . in hit projected and exten- 
sive canals some time since commenced 
upon, his introduction here of the Iron 
Suspension Bridges and other public 
works of utility, he soon renderted him- 
self known to the Government by his 
splendid talents. But we ' may here 
pause to say, that although he was thus 
rapidly and unmeasurably outstripping 
all his former comrades and competitors 
in of public life, yet such was 
his amenity of manner, such the frank, 
unassuming, unchanging sweetness of 
his social disposition, that it is a truth, the 
full force of which many are ready t(» 
acknowledge, he was not more prized 
by the authorities of Government as a 
zealous public servant, than he was be> 
loved by the many individuals who 
sought him in domestic or private life as 
their friend. Possibly nothing could 
better have instanced the talents and 
perse vertnglntelligenceofMajorSchalch, 
than the erection of the well-known 
Iron Suspension Bridge at Kallee Ghaut. 
He had never before practically engaged 
himself in the slightest mechanical work 
«-he had every thing to effect in the 
manufactures of the component parts of 
his first attempt— from the scientific ap- 
plication of its theoretical principles, to 
the mere handicraft or operative direc- 
tion of the very smiths and workmen 
employed. Yet, with untiring patience 
he went on, alone, and every way unas- 
sisted by profestional people, himself al- 
most presiding at the forges; and at 
length, in a few months, effected the 
erection of a handsome and most hii^hly 
useful bridge, with no other aid from 
any establishment or public depart ment , 
than the accommodation of a smHil 
piece of ground whereupon to make his 
experiment, and a few native black< 
smiths, whom he had in every thing to 
guide and instruct. 

Rev. William Cu%Fr, A. M. 
Jan, ?8. At his residence, Westgate, 
Canterbury, at the advanced age ot 80, 
the Rev. William Chafy, A. M. (formerly 
Fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cam- 
bridge, and father of the Rev. Dr. Chafy, 
the present Master of; that Society), Vi- 


Mr of Slurry, netirCinlerbuiy, 
mcr pariib be biH bein 

Obitvaxt.— Ace. W. Ckafy.—Mr. Bye. 

Of tl 


; tneurabrnt 

Ht w» dMwniled [rum an ancrFiiI 
and reijiFCtkble (unitf , in ibe romily of 
Unnel, bcii>x the joun^l mnd l«t luii- 
Tiring i.m of ibr Ule Rrv. John Cbafir ■, 
ReclarqfPantCiundte, andnJiuor Lil- 
)iii{!ton, in ibal niuiKv. by Elliabelb bi* 
<t>fe, dnirehlpr and cn-bcire*i of Jnhli 
Carbin, Eiq- of Haielhury Bryan, i 
iwndani from ibe cfletwateil Hid1i« 

Mr. Cha^y married, April 5, IT74, 
ooadn Mary, only daufbiFr and 
m»(ly inla hMren of John Cbatic, EiQ. 
of Sherb.irni-, eo. Donel, by nbu 
had icaiie ten cbildren, Fif;bt o[ « 
thrre toni and Hve ilau;bler(, tn 
■ iih ihe niduw, todftduR bis low. 

F** p«n«n« ba*« qnitted thi* moiM 
Mora unnetiaH; TapeMed and lainiitMl 
tbanthla aanii [>)oui > 
Cfarktisn. BndcarHl lo 
■cqiainlanM by the many amiable qaa- 
•d b)i llfc knd cditTen^tion, bii nemuiy 
■Mat low lo rcitair* the tribniB of 
pvblie eoloty. Bat, in deptoring the 
loM af departed mortb, •Ineeriiy am' 
K<«tin>d* may be pvrmltted briefly ti 
■IM* ha dmna n inliatlon and praite. 
SuMee k then to aay, ibal, in a proba' 
tionanr cMine of et|{bly year 
Chafy'* BMalMtatiOM benevolen . 
■Aeted piety, and undeviatln^ nctitoda 
•f eondoct in bit iniercaurie "iib man- 
bind, tallied bim ahke the otrem and itilul 
re«pect of the rich aiid the ji 
mind «rai rbcerfnl. bti bean bt 
bia mifrali pore and correct ; b 



He wai «ltb only oiH cieeption the 
oldeat member dC the Company of StK> 
tioner*, of which he bad bMli a Livery* 
man 60 ytxru. ThaVfh paaaea*in|[ no 
Ineoiisideralile lalenia, he wai one of (be 
mo«lunaMumiii);o( buBMi beiiiKf, bat 
at (he lame lime one of (be Boat kind- 
beared. Cument nith aiery moderate 
income, he Inng aiiice (Mired from lb* 
faiif^iiei of buBinesB to Iba tranquil re- 
treat »here he calmly breathed bii lalt. 
Tbuugh more thun eixbl of bii iatlar 
yean Here erubiitereil by repealed ai-. 
lacki of piralv'is, whirh deprived him, 
ul iW iiu <if bis riibt aide, and conHned 
wholly tit hit beH-ehamber, he bore 
•nfferinn *'>>• tbat mMily funiiUde 
charitable and that palicDtrMignatiifn to thK l)i. 
bla family and vine Will, which hii conitant ttudy of 
tbe'Holy Scriploroa bad enabled him to 

Whilat in buiinen, bi* priniapal em- 
ployment vaa tbe printing of ibe Rfli- 
gioui Tract! of the Soeiety fur promm- 
ingCbrlitian Knowledge. «■ aaa Edi- 
tor of ibe lait edition of Cruden'a Cm- 
itdaiicr, in which he carefully examin- 
ed every Text by the oHginal in the 
Bible. HeabapHnird ihe"Uivenloni 
of Purley" for Mr. Honie Tuoka, with 
whom he «aa ileaervedly a grral fa- 
TuuHie, ond «ho permliiH] bIm lo aub- 
:e frfoNil* fur m^ny namei whirh tbe 
' timid Printer tboucbi it prndent to iiip- 
preia. Mr. Bye enmplled the rnpieu* 
Index to the octavo edition of Swift'a 
Works pul>li)h.-<l in 1803. That h« 
ing, and fall example lo enemplary and nai alio toimelime* a veraifler may be 
inttruettve, thai he waa admired and •eeii by a few liifi liened " U. B." in 
teioved by a1) who had the bappiiieu of vol. lxxxtk. i. U5. Wilh hit habitual 
trtjitfinf bit loeiely. Hit ntleiiliun lo placidity of mind, afler he had totally 
the welfare and well-beins of hit paritb- lot), the uae uf bit rl^hi band, he aiHiit 
ionert, andhiiinduttiyiniheditcharKeof acquired the babit of or ilmc very neatly 
Ibe dutieti-f hit office, cum t am ly direct- *ith hit lefl. In alettereftom* lengibL 
cdbyalaeeofvirlae and truth, by piety dated March I t)SO, he layt i 

' ~ " - . . - 1, J ^|^,g every reaton tn be ihankful 

for the mere let I duly recriM, allhuuch 
I have been conflncd to niy huuie iwarly 
three year*. UyHihIr, my Prayer Book, 
and yuur Magasine are my run<(aiii, 
companiont ; by tbe former I humbly 
hope 1 recnve Divine inilruction aiid 
the contolalion, and tbe latter lett me iva 
at mnch of tbe buiy and chtiineahlti 
world aa I deure, and timietlmri more. 

" Tlie lait year wai an eventful ttHe 
indeed, and many jtrcat and good eha- 
rictcn are recorded in yuor Obitoaiy to 
have left ihii world, 1 h^>e loratetter! 
Perbapt levcral of them were penonally 
you, add were •mane the 

nail c 



hit monmini; family and Irieudi to ki 
that, jcreat a> had been tlie excellenoe 
and uilliiy ot hit life, thry were equalled 
only by tbe calm and piont reil);i 
wiih which he reilgned bit tout in 
banda of hit Crealor 

He hat bequeathed ISO/, to each of 
thepariibet nfSiuriy and Swaleelilfr, lo 
cilabljih tcho-di lur ihe education of 
their ponr; and ML lo the Ceiierat Kent 
and Canlerborj Hoipilal. 

OfliTUABT. — Lindley Murray, Eiq. 



numbrc of your friends, your boioni 
frinndi ; when ihal is llie case, It veri- 
flt> tbe truth ofthtt line uf Voung, 
" Wbeu (ucb Frirnits ]>iirt, 'tii (be Sui^ 

" You will, 1 im sure, pardon the im- 

tell lelter. 
it Affurils me 
aM I remMii, 

tiatu) 1744." 
Bye, l«Liliet 

friends, to remove into a more temperile 

climate. He accrdingly came to ibi< 
FOUnlry, Rccomptnled by bii faithful and 
beloved wife ; atid <hou|;h not retlored 
to hi< former health and itrength, lie 
received to mueh benefit B> induced him 
(a remain in En|;land. He leitled iu 
VorkEbir* ; and purchased a bouse plea- 
santly tituated at Kuldirate, a imall vil- 
Uee Bl>DU1 a mile from tbe cilv of York, 
where he continued to retMe. The 

t Frien 

md humble s 

of bi> lit 
.o that bei 

! RraduBlly i 

n fou 

D. ByB . 
That lueb waa Deod; 
the friend who now 
after an intimale acqai 
70 yean. 

L1NDI.EV MuHRity, Esq. 

Jan. 16, At hit residence, Holdi;ate, 

near York, aged 80, Llndley Murray, 

Ei<i. ihe Author of an English Grammar, 

' * ny iitlier approved worki on 

public worship ; 
frequently drawl 

regularly attended 

n about h 

30se, but for 
• decease, be 
haute, for be 




but his whule life may be said to have 
been a conalant preparation for bis 6nal 
chanrre, to that death could icarcely, at 

He expired, very pence lutly, in tbe full 
poiaeEsiou of hia mental taculliei. 

Mr. Murray was a native uF PenliByl- 
vania, in North America ; but be resided 
for a gmt part of bis lite at New York. 
His lather wat a ilisliiiguished merchant 
hi that city. Both hit parents were 
penons of respectable character ^ and 
tiere sulieitDus to imhiie his mind with 
piuut and virtuous prIncipiBB, He wai 
carefully and regularly educated, and 
made a rapid proin'eM in lrarniii|;. At 
the age of nineteen he commenced ihe 
■ludy of Law, under tbe auspices of a 
gentleman eminent in the profession ; 
«nd he had the pleasure of having for 
fail fellow student the celebrated Mr. 
Jay. At Ihe enpiralion of lour years 
Mr. Murray wat admitted to tbe liar, 
and received a licente to practise both 
M Counsel and Attorney, in all tbe 
Courts of the State of New York. In 
Ibia prufeition be continued with iii- 

IrotLbles In America interrupted all buw- 
nets of this nature. He then engaged 
in the mercantile line ; in which hy his 
eipeelable con- 

nhich lelt a grral weakness in his limbs, 
and hit general health being much im- 
)iaired, he was induced in the year 1784, 
by the advice of his physicians and 

many years previous 1 
was wholly confined tt 
found that even a very small degree of 
bodily eieriiun increased ihe debility of 
his frame ; and Ibat eiposure to the air 
occasioned frequent and severe culdt, 
together with other indispoailiun. To a 
person distinguished as Mr. Murray bad 
been lor health, strength, and agiUiy^ 
confinement was at first a severe trial; 
but during the whole cou«e of it, a niur- 

Deprived of ibe uiu a I occupation 1 and 
amuseiuents of life, and of the rommon 
occationt of doing good to ulhcrs, he 
very happily and generously lumed his 
attention to compose Literary works, 
for the benefil, rbi<^fly, of the rlting ge- 
neraiiun. In this benevolent employ he 
found great satitfaction, and met with 
uncommon success. His Enf-bsb Gram- 
mar, with the Exerciaes and the Key, 
has been much approved by Ihe publick, 
and been adopted in moat of Ihe prin- 
cipal seminaries in Great Britain, and in 
America. It has patted through many 
large editions in ibis country, and been 
frequently reprinted in America, Hi* 
Frrnch and English Reader, his Ahriilg- 
meiit of bit Grammar, and hit Spelling- 
buuk, have also received very high ei ~ 

bis native land. Having beguu'hit lil 
rary career from diiinlerEsled motive 

he coniianlly devoted «11 the pn^fits 
his publications Id cbaHlable and ben 

The work which he Rrst pnbtitlie 
and which appeared to afford b>ai pre 
liar tatitfacliun, was "The Power 
Rel'siun on ihc Mind." Thit buuk h 


1836.1 OstluuBV. — iMtdUy Uurrag, £19. — S. Parkti, Etq. 1 

pwHd tbrou(b manjrxJiiiDiit. Tbe Bnt hxv* derited benefit from bii lilcr 

ulilion wu made wbull* u Mr. Mur- Uboun. It n therefore with mucb 

r»T'« ■>•" «»p*nK i «nd %ntn >way by litfaciion lb*t the •riter of Ibis ani 

» chiffly ill Ibc n«ighbouibood ol bit ndrjt, frum indiiputib 

and Writing! " 
mploynl, and 1bi7 reward! will sburlly be published, nhicli froni 
Iheir auihemicily, and olher circam. 
tuners, will, it ii preiumed, prove pecu- 
liarly InterettiQB and inttruclive. 

-of labour ibui ditlribuled, pre< 
thai df)irruiun and f,\oi>ta wtaicb ill 
brallh and long confine men t are to apt 
to produee ; and conlribuied lo render 
Mr. Murray cheerful and biip)iy in a 
lilualion ibat many would Ihiiik mutt 
b*ve been highly diilreuine. He wat a 
Mtmber of the Soeiely of Triend*, and 
*>• mucb retpeclcd and cateemed by 
Ikemi but it 

Ibe [fBdinK prmiiplei ol p.ely and virtue, 
and (0 ibe geiirral tpirit and preerpttof 
Chriilianiiy. For ibit Judieioui care, aa 
% for the eaempUry ebaid 

Samuel Pabkbs, Esg. P.Li.S. ' 
Det. S3. At bit boute in Meeklcn- 
burgh-iifuare, after a lingering illnut, 
. aged 66, Samuel Pirket, Eiq. F. L. 3. 
ngt detigned for F.b.A. of Penh, Member of ibe Geologi' 
t>u«lv avoidrd in- cil Suciely, H'Ftiorary Member of tb« 
;.. . 1 1,, v^i^uliar Liierarv and fbilutiipbiral Socielici of 
' MiJ reli- Newculle and Norwieh, &f. and pco- 
.iii"lf 10 pritlur of ibe Cbemical manufactary in 

He naa bom M Sloutbridft in Wor- 

cettenhire \ bul rcctiTcd bit education 

tbe academy conducted by Dr. Ad- 

bii worki, he bat received particular dington at Market Harboroucb. 
eomnendallan. In leoG be publiibcd bit highly Inte- 

irray married, early In life, a retting and valuable " Cbemieal Cale- 

very amiable woman, about three year 
younger than himaelf. Tbry bad no 
children. They lived togelbcr in ui ' 
terrupted bjirmooy, fur nearly liity 
years. Mrt. Murray I* a perton uf great 

KuTtb and rttpectability, Sbe wi* moat lem ne puoiiinra -■ An ejtay on tne 
faiibfiill]' and tenderly' attached to her Utility of Cbemidrytaibe Arttand Ma- 
hu'band. The loit which the baa aui- nufaciurti." (See vol. LXXVili. SSB.) in 
taiukd it unipeakable. She it deeptly the followinK year he produced bit "Ru- 
■Olicied, but re«igned to (he Divine dimentt of Cbemiitry, illmtraied by £■- 
Will, and thankful that the inetlimable pcrimenli," Igmo. (See v<il. LXXa. i. p. 
blrMJng whirh it now taken away, WM 54.) The publication of thia work wa* 
voucliialed 10 her during to long a coune occaiioned by tUv l>.r\. thai a wril-knowii 

chitm." A tecond edition wat lopn called 
rbieh contained to many addl- 
tlonal facta aa 10 be almoat a new work. 
vula. LUvii. 143. l»viii. S3T.) 

Sound judgment, an amiable dltpoil- 
lion, and great piety, were tlrikingeha- 
racteriilict of the luhject uf IhiineBulr. 
or him it may truly be taid, be did 
)uilly, he loved mercy, and walked 
humbly wiib bit God. He wat a mott 
■ffcclionale butband, a lincere friend, a 
kind neighbour, a cheerful and inttruc- 

veruiiun were peculiarly pleating and 

inp uniformly ineulcaie. But however 
cicrllent bit character and cundoct, all 
bit bopea of acceptance with God, were 
(bunded, not on bimielf, or on hit own 
doingi, but on tbe merit ■ and atone- 
ment of Ibe ever-bletted Redeemer. 
FuTiber particulari reipeciing Ibit 
nan, and highly ilitlinguithed 
' ' - ■ acceptable 


..I a 

Grammar of Chrmiiiry. 
inCbancerybowever corrected the piracy, 
after which, the injured author, for Ibe 
proteeliuD uf hii property, publitbed an 
abridgment of hit own book. In IB15 
he puhliihpd " Chemioal Ettaya, princi- 
pally relating to the Arta and Manufac- 
ture! of the Britiih Dominiona," 8 volt. 
Svii. (See vol. Lxxxv, ii. pp. 4T. 340.) 

The benevolence of hit ditpoiilioD, 
and tbe amenity of bit maniieri, attach- 
ed him to a large circle of friendig and 
in bioi the community have lutt a mutt 
ettimable member. Hit workt alleat fait 
ardour, diligence, and pertevereiica in 
Ibe purtuit of beiencci Dor wai be leai 
diilingulihed by bit beneReent etforta 
and pecuniary libcraliiy in the tupport 
oF every public inatiluiiun which tended 
lu incrcate the bappinctt or promote 
Ibe improvement of bit fellow creature!. 
tbe'pablick, cvpccially to iboK who Hit induttry and activity of Bind wet« 

164 OBn:vA%y.^^Ckev,dsBo€€ag€»*^Mr.Moeaita. — MnBoyd^Sfc^ [Feb. 

darry* tnd the Father of that Corpon* 
tioo, baTing been a menber jof it for 
upwards of 50 yean. Poiseised of a 
itroiif^ and intelligent mind, richly 
stored with useful information, no man 
better understood the various duties of 
a citisen and a subject. On every occa- 
sion* Mr. Boyd was ,found at bis post, 
ready to promote the best interesu of 
his country, and support its establish- 
ments with spirit and independence. As 
a friend, his attachments were marked 
4jy a warmth of feeling and regard, 
which at. once proved their sincerity and 
their value— in bis domestic circle he 
was endeared to . his family by the 
strongest ties of aflfection. The respect 
paid to his remains amply testified the 
value in which his character was held — 
they were accompanied by the Corpora- 
tion, of which be bad been so loii|? an 
independent member, in their robes, 
and by almost every respectable member 
in the community. The pall was borne 
by his respectable friends, Geo. R. Daw- 
son, esq. Col. Knox, Sir Wm. Williams, 
Alderman Curry, Captain Hill, and Ma- 
jor Nicholson. 

^Doed even during hit IsAt illness, hj 
ii§ being anxiously. eogagod in preparing 
and superintending improved editions <2 
bit Chemical works. 


LaiMy^ Of apoplexy, aged 65, the Che- 
valier Barbie du Boccage, Member of 
the Academy of Inscriptions and Belles 
Lettres, Geographer to the department 
for Foreign Affairs, Professor to the Fa- 
<*ttlty of Letters to the Academy of Pa- 
ris. ■ He had sustained many attacks 
during the last three or four weeks, but 
he- was thought perfectly convalescent. 
The Atlas of the Voyage of Anacbarsis 
estabNshed his reputation. He conti- 
nued through the whole of bis life to 
sf ttdy the topography of Greece, and ge. 
iierally of classic lands. He must have 
left valuable notes behind him. Two of 
hit sons are successfully treading in the 
steps of their father. 

Jacob Mocatta, Esq. v 

Nov, 39*. Jacob Mocatta, esq. The 
fudden death of this gentleman, so emi- 
nent in the commercial world, and so 
highly esteemed in it, made a strong 
impression »n the public mind. An in- 
ijuest was taken on the 1st of December 
before J. W. Unwin, esq. the Coroner, 
and a highly respectable Jury at the 
I^led Horse public-house, Chiswell-stree^ 
Xhe investigation was most minute, and 
the attention of the Jur}* was particu- 
larly directed to ascertain the real facts 
of the case. The Inquest- room was 
thronged with some ot the most respect- 
able persons of the Jewish persuasion, 
all of whom deeply lamented the melan- 
choly catastrophe. Among these was 
Mr. Montefiore> the intimate friend of 
the deceased. From the evidence ii ap- 
peared, that Mr. Mocatta, while at a 
friend's in NichoU'-street, Spitalfields, 
complained of violent pains about the 
stomach. These increasing consider- 
ably, be was removed up stairs, and 
placed on a bed, and me«lical aid sent 
for. Before it arrived, Mr. Mocatta bad 
breathed his last.—Mr. Andrews, the 
professional attendant of the family, and 
one of the medical gentlemen of the 
London Hospital, minutely examined 
the body, and gave as their opinion, 
that Mr. M. died of dyspepsia* The 
Jury returned a verdict—** Died by the 
visitation of Gud.** 

Arciiiuald Boyd, Esq. 

Dmt.S?. Aged 75, Archibald Boyd, 
esq. for 30 years the respected Trea- 
surer of the City and County of London- 

JoHN Monro. 
Dec. 15. Aged 99» John Monro, of 
Glenary, Argyleshire. For many years 
it had been the daily practice of this ve- 
nerable mountaineer to plunge, witb his 
clothes on, into the river Area ; and so 
far did habit become second nature, 
that if compelled to remain for any 
length of time with a dry skin, he felt 
all the uneasiness of a fish out of water. 
He always eigo>ed excellent health; 
and, till his last illness, bad never been 
but twice seriously, indisposed, and on 
these occasions^ as an antidote, his aged 
helpmate had to. souse him overhead 
and ears at hia bed-side, a remedy.tbat 
never failed to restore bis health. A few 
days before his death be had been pre- 
vailed upon to leave his ancient habiu- 
tion at Glenary, to reside with bb daugh- 
ter at Furnace, near Inverary, that he 
might have tbe advantage of her care ; 
but all her affectionate tenderness could 
not make opi4o poor John the loss of 
his native stream : sickness came ; and 
he wbo had for 99 winters braved many 
a bitter storm, was evidently soon to 
aubmit to tbe grim king of terrois. 
8tdl he clung to bis specific ; and a faw 
boors before he breathed his last, be 
earnestly beseeched be snight be carried 
back and plunged in tbe stMam of hit 
native Glenary, when he would soon be 
well again. His request came too late, 
had his friends even been disposed to 
comply with it. He retained all his fa- 
euhies to the last ) and snch was the 


Obituaiy.-^V. p. F. RultttT.~Un. BolJieU. 


bich ctlioiatHiu in whUb bi* wwlb tnil 
liltrKibk hoDftty wiira bi^lil, ihjit bit 
r**i>iliii wtr* >it<i>(l«(l <u iha plnca (p- 
foluMil 'ut all living by • coiicourH al 
hienrli Ib4t dart oat ■!■»)'> bonuur tb* 
I III thiMC iu mim cialled 4l*- 

J. F- F. RiCRTKR. 
Am. It. AlBurFUib,a|*dl . 
Paul Pndiric Rkiiicr, u>it of (ba 

eiDu and pwpular iinl*rl<rf Ctrinanj. 
r ytui tfv b* lint bia oaiy luii, a 
iBiMt pniniiaiiig youtis man. wbu km 
punuiiig fait • udiei mlb, |>«rbapa, tuo 
Niuch aval. Since Ihil luta, Hhicb ha 
bora wnb calm ruienatioii, the hcaltb 
pr lliit wurib/ [D.iii had be«n coii- 
■Unily declining. Fur Mme niimllii 
|Huit, hii rjra-lighl had Eradually dirray* 
•d, ill) ibe tamp of lifii tl<el( ptprFd. — 
il« «a» born >i WuiMlcdel, in Iba prin- 
dpallly al Biyleutb, Marcb 31. iTtiS. 
Ha OM tduntcd by bia fathEr, nbu »aa 
one of tha precepluta ai tbi publia 
■cbo»l ai WunaJDdel. aiul rtty early 
fa*a an aaineit u[ lliai lalanl wliith 
dliikniEuiahFil bi( liircary raiaar. lie 
made hw iUbiH aa an autbur In llUl, 
trilh Ilia CreciiUud Lawiuio. wbicb a( 
one* itamped bu rrpulallon fur orifl- 
Mliijr and buoiuur. Tb* miiai remark- 
able uf fala oitwr nunitrDui prududlun* 
■f* Eairvcia from iba l><i*il'> I'apan, 
ib> luTulUa Ladfr. Heipetui, I'lian, 
Laraiia, Ice. Vali ilturvedlji admi(«d 
uiilrymcB, bii 

.. by m 

DiaUy u 

(table arcibe iliiltculiicii vhicb a Irina- 
laiut auuld have to aTarcoRi*, ihai it ia 
diKibiful obeibrf any one «iU undtr- 
takg ti> (laiiiFer any of hia nomemua 
vorka inio ibe Eni^iib ■■■■cuage. Tba 
iwk vould require a eumple'c fami- 
Uarlry nlthtbt autbor'f peculiar geiiiuii 
Iha Ulriapt baa naTrr, ibat we are 
•■arc of, yet been made, wilb lbs tx- 
optioB of a fe* frafnuim ihat ippear- 
td aome liiDE afo in ib^ London Maga- 
zine, from Ibe pen of Mr. Ue Quincey, 
*ba uffrrcd thtm aa ■ apecimrii oF an 
inlrn'led ' Ricbteriana.' We believe 
tbere ire very few E'lC^iihipen indeed 
who undenland Hicbler mfficiently to 
raliih bin. Hia own cuuniryman, •ha 
nint be albiwed to be tbe looat compe- 
lent Judfrt, uteem faim for the nable- 
ncia of U« aentimenta, faia poelic talent, 
U» rich creative imaginaliun, hii ipark' 
Hoc wit, hli brilliant imafery, hi* co- 
pbnit illuairation, and the exuberance 
of bit lanfoace, — for hii energy boih of 
(bDagbt kiid dictiuD, hii bold and luiu- 
Otn.Mto. Fetnianj, letS. 

riant aiyl*, and lb« Kloning coloun ia 
wbiih lifl arraya av*iy object. U bai, 
however, been otjccl^d, tiy aume of hia 
or<twt, that (real ai are tbc beautiat ol 
iiolaint nam, tbere ■• t certain want ol 
uuity of liitaieil in bit vorka Ibat dlt- 
appuinu and diiaalialiw ibt reader. 

Mm. SoTTiKLn. 
OW.36. Al Norto»-liall, on. North- 
ampton, aged 4(i, afier a ]>rairaclpd in- 
dia(Hitiiuin, Charlulle, ftidow of Berlab 
UuUield, eiq. and only daughter of tba 
late Wiliiaoi M.D. F.RS, If 
■<i ingenuoui dii[>u>iiiun, and cordial 
alnceriiy lowarda her equala (witb *bvm 
(be maintained a frvqueiit intareuurM 
ol alegant and liberal bDC(n'aliiy) ; II 
kind cundeiveniion to her Inferiort, 
euiieem for ihoir welfare, and care foe 
tbeir wauti i if ibe moral and religioua 
inaiructian of the youtb among bar 
poorrr neighbuun, «ai lu her an olyect 
of warm and generoui inleretl ; if iheac, 
and iucb ai tbite, are qualiliea wbieb 
deaerve and commauJ eaiecm, then will 
brr loeniury be cberiihed by ever; c|a*i 
of loeiety wtih alTcclianate regret, re-, 
ipeet, and gralilude. In ibe linoyailt 
Ipring ut bar eiiilenire abe accompanied 
her hi|;bly-gl(icd falbvr, and a circle of 
relative! aod friendtt from whom aba 
eonld not fail to derive iuprovemeni, 
during a voyage to Liiboa, and raai- 
denea In ibat meiropolla and iu euvj- 
runi i where each nuvrl and intereiTln^ 
objecl wai rendered ao agirealily lulC 
aervientiu Ihe Rcquisillon of knOHkdge, 
ihat tbe ftcuniun aituined tbe aipeet 
of one of Ibote '• paioled clouJi which 
beautify uur dan," ever afier yielding % 
(heme of grai'etul alluiion. — Neither 
when advanced to a mora rrapunaibla 
Italian hy ber marriage, July 16, IBlW, 
were tbe mnt Favourable anticipaiiont 
dilappvinled. Whilal cxperien 

world a 

!> cbaaiened • 

eiuberanl vivacity, a strict allenliiin li 
the public ordinanceaof tbe cburch, with 
an equally punctual otuerrancr of fa- 
mily wartnip, by invigoraling a rational 
pie^, both inipired and I'renglheaed' 
every good emotion. Nor wai ibe mo- 

itated perioda by ineidenli which, tbaugb 
Irivial in tbemielvn, were eouDled a> 
evenU in ib« almpla annala of the vlU 
lage. The yogng will long remamliaf' 
(be rapturei of the Hay-day morq, wban 
In feitive groupa, proud to challenge tba 
admiration of their geiMraaa pat nun, 
they preianted their cboieeil garlanda] 
or with what delight thcf aniuiall/ aat 
down In tbe rilendcd labtM of tlw ni^al 


IBC Obituary.^— JRo6er< Bryer, ttq, — Chartet St. Barhe, Esq. [Feb. 

lete, commemorttive of a happy anion } 
€f partake of tbe Christmas regale, com- 
bined as it ever was with seasonable 
4iee<ls of charity .-^Aftef the death of 
lier husband in 1813 (see vol. lxxxiii. i. 
595) Norton, endeared by many fond as- 
sociations, became still more decidedly 
the place of predilection to the widow, 
whose interest in the family seat prompt- 
ed her not merely to preserve the order 
of the pleasure grounds with assiduous 
care, hut to occupy herself in various 
little embellishments, and in raising a 
toecession of many thousands of forest 
and fruit trees^ for the benefit of pos- 

Mrs. Botfield has left an only son^ now 
aGentleman Commoner atChristCburch, 
Oxford. Her remains were interred 
Nov. 3, in the family vault at Norton, 
attended by a numerous procession of 
noomers, closed by the fifty children of 
the schools, instructed by her care, and 
clothed by her bounty. 

Robert Brybr, E90. F.S.A. 

Dec. 89. At Canterbury-row, New- 
iogton, aged 70, Robert 'Bryer, Esq. 
F1S.A. He had been 48 years in the 
service of the Bank of England, S5 of 
which he filled the situation of Assistant 

He was actuated by the highest sense 
of honour and integrity, truly loyal, and 
firmly attached to the Established reli« 
gioh of his country. A. lover of Litera- 
tare, his mind was enriched with an ex- 
tensive knowledge of Ancient History, 
Numismatics, and the Antiquities of this 
island. He became a member of the 
Society of Antiquaries in the year 1801, 
to whose works his name appears as a 
eontributor*. A gentlemanly urbanity 
and suavity of manners, united to a vein 
of cheerfulness peculiarly his own, gained 
him a numerous acquaintance, amongst 
nhom were many eminent Literati. 

He married, rather late in life, a lady 
whose amiable qualities gladdened his 
•xistence 1 hut his happiness in that 
eonnexion was of short duration. The 
rapid incursions of disease, added to a 
delicacy of constitution, suddenly termi- 
nated a few years of the must perfect re- 
ciprocal affection, and deprived him of 
the companion with whom he antici- 
pated so much comfort. 

His private life was highly exemplary, 
and in his own domestic circle his irre- 
parable loss, as a father, friend, and 
master, will be long and deeply felt. 

• See thp General Index to the Arche- 
•logia, p. 12. 

Charles St. Barbr, Esg. 
Jan^ 19. All who have visited the 
pretty town of Lymington during the 
last forty years will bear testimony to 
the urbanity and gentleman-like man- 
ners of Mr! St. Barbe, whose death we 
announced in. p. 93. He was in every 
sense of tbe word a useful man ; honor- 
able in his dealings; upright and im- 
partial in the various public offices he 
Ailed of Magistrate^ Deputy Lieutenant, 
Commissioner of Taxes, &c. a loyal sub- 
ject to his King and country, and a zea- 
lous 8upporter|of tbe Established Church. 
He was the representative of his family, 
originally seated in Somersetshire (see 
our vol. xc. pt. i. for a view of their 
ancient mansion at Ashington). By Ann, 
daughter of John Hicks, he had six 
sons and two daughters. 

T. A. Bromhead, Esg. 
Sept. 9, 1835. At Konich, in Carama- 
nia (the ancient Iconium), ag«*d 32, 
Thomas -Ayre Bromhead, Esq. late of 
Christ's College, Cambridge (where he 
took the degree of M.B. in 1820), and 
only son of the Rev. Edward Bromhead, 
of Repham, near Lincoln. This enter- 
prising traveller, after an absence of five 
years from his native country, was 
hastening homewards^ when arrested by 
sudden and fatal disease. He breathed 
his last with no attendants but his fo- 
reign servants, or the uncivilised natives ; 
and the sad satisfactioo of knowing the 
closing event of his life seems denied to 
hit numerous friends. One of the com- 
panions of Mr. Bromhead's travels, the 
Rev. Joseph Cook, Fellow of Christ Col- 
lege, died on a camel under almost as 
melancholy circumstances, near the 
Palm Trees of Elim, in March (see July 
Mag. p. 90) ; and the other, Henry 
Lewis, Esq. R. N. after traversing Pales- 
tine in his company, parted from him at 
BeirCtt, in June, and retarned to Eng- 
land. The same post brought his own 
cheerful letters from Damascus, and the 
official announcement of his death by 
the Porte. 



Jan. 5. John Webster, esq. of the Up* 
per Mall, Hammersmith, and of Queen- 
street, Cheapside. 

Jan. 9. In Upper Charlotte-street, in 
hu 64th year. Dr. Edward Fryer. Distin- 
guished ability, various and extensive know- 
ledge, strict probity, aad unsullied honour, 
united with tne most prompt, aideot, inde- 
pendent, and gtnerons feelmgs, adorned by 
the most engaging and gentlemanly man- 
ners, eombined to render him beloved and 
admired bj all who knew him. 




Jmu 15. At H«ldiM't Holil» Dovtr- 
stratty Rott Lunbeth Pnot» atq. ton of Sir 
Rom Piriooy of TicngwaiatoA, ConiinJL 

At BraiD|iioB^ agad 76» AJgenum Litr* 

la ConiiMiglii-plaeef Sanht dau. of tlio 
late IUy. Dr. Thoa. Salway, Rector of Rt- 
chaid's Casda, Salop. 

Jan, 16. In Upper Beb^ve-plaoay agad 
71» Mary, widow of Mr. Thoa. Williama. 

•/on. 19. A^ A6, Aiiiia» wife of Jamaa 
Banke, ew]. of Be mera-street and White- 
hall, Hayes, Middlcaex. 

Jm. 90. In Burton-creioent, aged 789 
Catherine^ relict of Tho. Forbes* esq. late of 

Aged 66, John King» esq. of St. John- 
street road, ClerkenwelT. 

•/on. 91. At Caaiberwell, Mtd 68, Apalej 
Pellatt, esq. of the firm of Pellatte and 
Green, of St. Paul's Church-yaid, and the 
Falcon glass-works, Blackfriars-ioad. 

•/on. 99. In the Gty-road, aged 68, Jaa. 
Carter, esq. late of Barbican. 

Jan. 94. In Great Ormood-streety aged 
98« James Farrer, esq. 

Mr. John Nuiborj, of the Spaniards* 
ff^ffi pttesd 

Aged AO, Wm. Manler* oq* of his M»- 
J^siW^s Victualling Yard, Deptford. 

Jan. 96. At Lambeth* aged 64* Wm. 
Howard, esq. 

At Dorset-plaeOy Cl^ham-raad* aged 60* 
T. F. Bristow, esq. 

la Fortmaa-sqnare* the Countess Dow- 
a^of Haroourt* reUctof the late Georn 
Simoa, JSarl of Haroourt, and sister of the 
present Lord Vernon. Her remains were 
interred at Stanton Harcourt. 

Jan. 96. Charles Willoughbj, Infitnt son 
of John Davison, esa. of Tavbtock-place* 
and of tli«r East- India House. 

Jan. 98. In Portland-place, Marianne, 
wife of John Vivian, esq. of Claverton* co. 

In College-street, Westminster, aged 84, 
Mrs. Hutsej, relict of John Hussej, esq. of 
Richmond, Surrey. 

Jan, 99. In Manchester-square, aged 71 > 
Charles MilU, esq. M. P. for Warwick. 

Aged 77» Wm. Athlin, taa. of Upper 
Bedrord-placet and late of Craoford* Midd. 

At Bayswater, aged 91^ Robert, son of 
M^or-Gen. Dighton. 

Jon. dO.—-£dw. Mawley, esa. Surveyor to 
the Commissioners appointed for the build- 
ing of Churches. He was proceeding in 
hit gig with his wife to his own residence on 
BaJham-hill, when the shafts broke, and 
precipitated him on tlie grouud ; his skull 
was severely fractured, and he died in a few 
days. This gentlemaa was highly respected 
by the profinsion of which he wss a mem- 
l^r, and in his situation of Surveyor to the 
Coromisaiooers of Churches, ha gave the 
fullest satis£u;tioti. 

A^ 89* Mn. Flt(Bbt HoOk, of SMw 

la Loodoo* Joha WUlkaa Wltki» M^ of 
Astrop House* Northamjtoashiww 

Jan, 81. Aged 78* Mr. O. PtefcuiMM, of 
Ckreodon- place, Makk Vale. 

In Groavenor-atraet* the Hob. Miss^Al« 
leo, dau. of the late, and sistor to tho pio* 
sent Viscount Allen. 

Aged 89, Mn. D. St. Lea, of Spital-sq. . 

In Harler-screet* aged 80« the relict of 
tho late John Crawley* oaq. of Stoekwood^ 
CO. Bedford. 

Zofefy. — la Caroliao-nhct* Foondlbig* 
aged 94, Elis. widow of Wm. Uaiiison* es^. 
inventor of chronometers. 

In Wobnm-pbM»* Robert Trower* eso. 

FA, 1 . At Slough, aged 69* Anne, widoir 
of the Rev. W. Chapman* late Vicar oC 

rib, 9. William Scott, esq. late Lieut.- 
Col. of the Royal Art. in which he becamo ' 
first lieot. Jaa. 1 , 1794 ; Cspt.-Iient. Jalj 
16* 1799 ; Captain* Sept. 19* 1808; brevet 
Major, June 4^ 1 8 1 1 { and Lieat.-Col. Dee. 

W. Coningham* esq. of Upper Gower-st» 

Fdf, 8. At Hempstead* Mra. Maiy Bol* 
son* dau. of the Ute Richard Belsoa* aaq. 
merchant, formerly Of that pbice, and nieoo 
of the late John Bindley, eeq. M. P. Ibr 
Dover, and James Bindley, esq. A.M. and 
F. 8. A. fifiy years Cummitaionar of tho 
Stamp Office. 

Feb,A . Aged 8 1 , Mrs. Anno Moreland* of 
Old-street, St Luke's. 

Aged 89, Mr. John Jackson* of Bridg*- 

FA, 6. At hu house, Hyde-park comer* 
Sir Edmund Antrobus, bart. He was tho 
fourth son of Wm. Antrobus, eso, and waa 
created a baronet on the 99d of Nlay, 1815. 

Aged 79f Mrs. King, of Higbbury-temco. 

In Upper Norton-street* rortlaad-plao^ 
Eliza, wi/e of Wm. Blount, esq. 

Agnes, wife of Mr. Wm. Canseron* of 
Walworth-terr. and St. Paul's Church-yard. 

Feb. 7. At his residence* Lower Oroa- 
▼enor-place, John Tho. Skinner, esq. eldest 
son of the late Rev. Dr. Skinner. 

Aged 7 1 , Mr. Edw. Smith, of Bath-phM»* 

At Grove-hill-terrace, Camberwdl, Anne* 
wife of Cha. Dodd, esa. of BiUiter-street. 

Mrs. Filler, wife of James Pillar, esq. of 
Moore-plsce, Lambeth. 

Feb. 8. At Ponder's End, aged 75, W. B. 
NayJor, esq. 

Feb. 1 0. Aged 73, Alicia Maria, Counteea 
Dowaffer of Carnarvon. She was the eldest 
dau. of Charles, second Earl of Egmont, and 
sister to George O'Bryen, the present earU 
Her mother was Alicia- Maria, dau. of George 
2d Lord Carpenter, and sister to George* 
Earl of TyrconneL She was married July 
Id, 1771* and bad issue the present Eaxlol 




CkHsiKnmUf fiTe other tota, mod t ^oghter, 
now Ltady Ducie. 

In Wimpoie-street, the relict of W. Shtm, 
esq. of Ingiewood House, Berks. 

Aged 84 y Tho. Brown, esq of the East 
India House. 

' At Clapham, aged 47> Mt. Wm. Ghrimes, 
df Ludgate^ street. 

In Poctors' Commons^ aeed 78) Maurice 
9wahey, esq. D. C.L. of Langley Marsh, 
^ Buclcs. 

At Highgate, ag^ 66, Wm. Reynolds, 
esiL late of St. Andrew's Wharf. 

At Stamfoid-hill, 81, Jos. Stonard, esq. 
' At Penton-place, Walworth, aged S8, 
George £dw. Forth, son of the Rev. Nath. 
Parker Forth, of White -cottage, Chelsea. 

J^^. 1 1 . Aged 33, R. J. Mason, esq. of 

At Forty-hill, Enfield, aged 70, nniver- 
saDy respected, James Meyer, esq. late of 
^Leadenhall- street. 

In Chatham Dock Yard, aged 54, Bea- 
trice, wife of Commissioner Cunnii^utm, 
cad third dan. of the late Commissioner Prohy. 

Aged two years, Joseph, youngest son ; 
and on the 13th, Mary, wife of John Rad- 
ford, esq. of Winchmore-hill. 
' In Great Portland-street, aged 88, Mrs. 

Feb, 1 3. In London, aged 91 , Lieut. Geo. 
^Md, 41st Reg. 

in Great Portland-street, aged 75, Mrs. 
Comyns, of Great Baddow, Essex, relict of 
John Ric. Comyns, esq. formerly of Rylands. 

Feb, 13. Mr. John Stevenson, of the 
English Opera House. 

At his house, Chester-place, Lambeth, 
itted 69, Mr. Richard Thomas, sen. of the 

Feb. 15. In York-place, Baker-street, 
John Wright, esq. of Kelvedon Hall, Essex. 

In Well s Row, Islington, aged 68, Mr. 
Georee Thompson, many years a printer of 
ballads and cheap pictures in Long-lane, 
West Smithfield. He had l^een for some 
time in a declining state of health, but the 
immediate cause of hrs dissolution was the 
rupture of a blood 'vessel in the chest dur- 
ing a violent fit of coughing, whilst walking 
ih bis garden. His death was instantaneous. 
He is said to have died worth 70,000/. 

Bkdfordshirb. — Feb. 1. Aged 55, Geo. 
Wm. Monk, Esq. of St. John, near Biggles- 

Berks. — Jan. 19. At Reading, aged 73, 
Margaret, relict of Dominic Trant, esq. late 
of Easincwold, Yorkshire, and grand-dau. of 
t^ last Viscount Bellew. 

Jan. 96. At Binfield, R. Matthews, esq. 

Feb. 1. In the London Road, Reading, 
aged 81 , Eliz. Susanna, relict of Cap. Arthur 
Wm. Morris, E.I.C.*8 service. 

Cambridgeshire. — Jan. 35. In his 83d 
year, John Rose, esq. senior Alderman of Eye, 
and many years surgeon of the Tower Garrt- 
soB, London. 

Feb,9» lit his 9 1 St year, Mr. Samuel Eyre, 
tehokr of St. John's college, Cambridge. 

Derbyshirk. — Jan.7. MissFrancesCUre 
Bower, heretofore of Stockport, and late of 
Buxton, one of the daughters and co- heir- 
esses of the late Buckley Bower, esq. of As- 

Jan. 31. At the Pastures, near Derby, 
aged €6, Bache Heathcote, esq. universally 
regretted. As a husband, parent, brother, 
firiend, and magistrate, he was most exem- 

Dorsetshire. — t/an 95. At Weymouth, 
Louisa, only daughter of the late Sir John 
Cox Hippesley, hart. 

At Ceme Abbas, aged 99, Cath. relict of 
the Rev.Samuel Berjew, Rector of Up-Ceme, 

Durham. — Feb. 7 . At Ghdnford, near Dar- 
lington, aged 76, the wife of Marmaduke 
CriuJock, esq. grand-dau. and only descendant 
of late Sir John Tyrwhitt, hart, of Stabfield 
Hall, Lincolnshire. 

Essex. — Jan. 90. At Leyton, W. Cope- 
land, esq. 

Feb, 15. At Leyton, aged 70, Jas. Innes, 

Gloucestershirb. — Jan. 96. At Bris- 
tol, leaving a widow and 7 children in dis- 
tress, Mr. John Phimley, land-surveyor, who 
was engaged in forming a map of that city on 
a scale of unprecedented magnitude. 

Jtm. 39. In the Moravian house in Bris- 
tol, aged 89, Mrs. Wbittaker. 

Lately. At Cheltenham, Greorse Wilkes 
Unett, esq. Major in the army. He was ap- 
point^ 9nd Ueut. of Royal Artillery April 
99, 1795 ; Ist. Lieut. Jan. 1, 1797 ; Capt. 
Lieut. Sep. 19, 1803; 9ud Capt. July 19, 
1804; Captain, Feb. 1, 1803; brevet Ma- 
jor, June 4, 1814. He served at the attack 
of Guadaloupe, in 1 8 1 ; in Flanders, and at 

/^. 2. At Cheltenham, aged 87, Mrs. 
Anne Travell. 

Feb. 7. At Wellington Cottage, Clifton, 
Sarah, relict of Rev. Cnarles Elwes, Vicar of 
Bitton, CO. Gloucester. 

Feb. 6. At Bristol, aged 43, Mr. William 
Clement Bardgett, attorney, of Bristol, a 
man of the utmost integrity. 

Fhb. 1 1. In his 50th year, John Colston 
Coulson, esq. solicitor, of Bristol. 

Hants. — Dec. 30. At Portsmouth, deep- 
ly regretted, aged 79, Major-gen. John Mil- 
ler, late of the Royal Marines, in which he 
was appointed 9nd Lieut. Feb. 9 1 , 1 776 ; 1 st 
Lieut. Aug 1 5, 1 778 ; Captain, Jan. 1 , 1 793 ; 
brevet Major, Apr. 99, 1 809 ; Major Royal 
Marines, Nov. 9, 1 803 ; Lieut.-col. Ang.1 5, 
1805 ; brevet Col. June 4, 1813; and Ma- 
jor-gen. Aug. 19, 1819. 

Jan. 99. At Portsmouth, Mr. Chas. Man- 
ley, 4tli son of the Rev. Henry C. Manley, 
late Rectsr of Bradford, in Somerset. 

Feb. 1 0. AtTestwood, near Southampton, 
aged 90, Mrs. Elizabeth Ouley. 


nd too cf tb* IU». FbMb Wotsley, lua of PnatmaUi ._ 

RMUrofCbab. Ita*MDiM from u mdnt NrmratK.— Dk.7. T))**'>lc(ifMr.Fr«a- 

udf«iIMeBUt(inil7,lHDdiiu)MdlIin»cfa man, tnrgcaa, ofWiJtbiim. 

■ loag ptaftuioad euMf, t dunetM of tU J'^.. 4. Al Yannaolh, tged TS, tliEwlHew 

B»M •(riet ud nndtikliiig iBMgr^. of Beoj. CoiUhod, nq. mnd oiolhcr of tbt 

IlniiraKMaiu.-Vaji. 19. At Ifdn»- piti«iii Miror of tbai town. 

bill, tgti ffO, John QwMt, m. NonnoMrrnmiditt.— JW'. 4. Riduid 

Hian.— t/a«. IT. Al ManWl'i Wi«k, Judh, (iq. of DsicnCr;. 

Omftk* SdifU MuUB, no. NcrT-Ti!inii(Miiii».— fVk S. At Muw 

Jam IS. At ChnhuBt, Fnoca, wife sf field WoodhouH, Mirrlri, wilb of Captun 

SkDod Ktj, Mq. Milni. R. N, »i)d clioghwr of Mr, Shepherd, 

KmT'— Jon. tS. At Comba Buk, •») of Melton Monbn^. 

<0, Eleraor.ToaDgeM dughtw ofWniMB- ft/.. 17. At biiwtat KelhuB.igml 73, 

Biiur, nq. M.?. Jobn Miiin«n Sutton, £«[. «ld«i tiirtifiag 

Af. I. At tUm^jU*, aged SI, Emom, lanaf the iBuLurdOcorge Muinrn Sutton. 

wl6ofW.Ch^in,na.Midn>arll Service, >b<I gunliDnuf JoLu, tUcinl Duke of Hul- 

(ConmiHioner of Dekui], aad ridwt dau. lind. K. O. mbo wbils Muter of the Hone 

of the Her. Soger Fnnktud, Cmoo Bni- in the jtti 1 76b, ippoinled him Pen of 

dentWT of Weill. Hanot to hii lete Mejeit; King Oeorgt the 

. . - 1- b; wholn be wu preiented tn «d sn- 

7. AlLimpoaI.eced ilgncy in the Coldiumin regimint of Fool 

70, 3It Wm Henoo. knt. ooe of the olibet Gutrdi, of >M<^h he bacunc ifumnSt ■ 

mercfauu of that port, bead of the firs o( Liruiciuuit CnJunel. He wet eUcied M.P. for 

Barton, Irlam, and Hlggidaoo. Bt bad tha Nrvsrlt, upon h'j &ther'i dcmiM, on Jui. 

honour orkaightbood conferred 00 bim Maj 31, 178S, and which he contieued to repre- 

9, IB16, on preieotlag, aa Major of Lliai- ggm tili Jie diDolgtiun In 1796. 

poal,ao AddrMiofcongratnlatioDtotbeRa' Oxfordshiri.— ^m. 13. Aged 9S, Mr. 

C.on the manuf* of the Frioceti Chai^ Riohud Bum, ofAli Soult'Collt^.Uifiird, 
of Walea. Sir Witliam iraa a warm lOp- jouugr.i ton of tbe Re.. Edward Bom, mi- 
porter of the King and ContliEution. ciiter uf St. Mary'i and Aibl«il Clwpel), Blr- 

Jan. 10. And37, Mr. Jamti Brar^Wi miaebaii). 
of Idle, near Bradfoid 1 and on tba frida; Ja^t «□. Agri SS, Marj, relict of Rob. 
following, (^ M, Mn. Brajihav, hi* •rib. ApplatM, tm^ at Henlaj-apOB-Tlainea. 
'HwjnrerebnthbariedanSusdaTialCahet- Jan. tl. At Witney, Mre. Hrde, iM>- 
\»j, and followed to tbeir grave tn eUtdran, tber of tha R«r. Tbonwa Hfde, Racioi ef 
graod children, and great grand chiUrm, St. Martin'i, Oxford- 
amounting to las. SiLOr. — Mag 14. At Qnanj-phee, 

Jan. 16. A[ Littrpool, aged 8fi, Roger, Shrewibuiy, ^ed S4, Anne, widnir of Cadi 

ath loa uf the late Ronr Sweteobain, eiq. Forealcr, eaq. dan. and co-heireaB of Robait 

of Sooietford Boolhi, Cbeihin. Tonaaod, aaq. aod mother of lord Foraanr. 

JaiLta. At Blackburn, aged 33, the Re*. SOMIIIET.— Von. I. At Mantoa Honai, 

Joaeph FoiUr, paator of the Bapdit Chuch aged 17, Edonnd Willkm Vnconnt Dsn- 

at Scarbornugh, Hit literal; attWDOMnti ^rrnn, eldeit idd of Ednand, Bth Eail of 

ware lerr coniidenble. Codt and Urrer;, b; iHbclh Hanrietta, Si 

Frt. 1 1. At hia f^ha-a hooHi, Marfield, dau. nf late Wm. Pojnti, aaq. of MidgUm 

near Bolton, in hia «Sth reai, Edaaid Male- Huue, Berk*. Hii bat inr*iting brotliar, 

bone, Srd *on of Major Watkint. Cbarlea, bnm <D 1 100, la now hdr ap[amt 

Jane Dalgliah, fOnageat daughter of John to hii fktber'i titlea. 

Oraat, (k|. of Nuitall HalL Jan. B. At bii honae, Albion ■ icriaea, 

Feb. 14. At Maocbtaler, aged $9, Mr. T. Bath, aged 76,Capt. Goodwin Colquitt, R,N. 

Bellott, lurgenn. Jan. 19. At Canningtoo, aged 69, Rich. 

LiRCOLNiHiRL — Jan. IE. AtGLOiimi' Sjraei, *>q. mao; jean a ratpactaUe Soli- 

bf , aged 84, Rubert limttc, eaq, lenioi Alder- citnr at Bridgewalcr. 

nua of that borough. He lerred the office Jan. S4. Mar;, ralict uf Francia Sknrra;, 

of Major four timet I in 17BG, 1791, IT9G, e*q- of Beckingtun, and mother of Her, 

and again 00 the drath of hit eldeit ion, in Prucii Skurraj, of Homingiban, Wilia. 

1816. Hit funeral waiatlrndedbj the Cor- Jan. ii. At hii reiidcnce at Taunton, 

loa, and a iFrmou preaclied bj the Her. aged 73, Lieut.-Col. Jamei Peaitoo, of Blat 

je Olirel. India Company'! lerrice. 

Jan. 17. At nceat Grinub;r, aged 6B, Lofffy. AlTwivtrton, near Bath, aged 79. 

Mr. William Kirk, a burgcai. TheopbitwThamai, f^. late of hk Majeatr*! 

MwDLaaax.— fri'- 14. At Twickenham, Cuitoma. 

Soaaa, aifa of Joaepb Hickej, ciq. fit. I- At Bath, Mn. Gnmlng, dao. 
-'"- "--"-1. >'-■■— -IAD S~?.,0«. 


of Dt.BvMlolpfa, Fallow €f ADS 




fofd» aad reliet of Dr, Xhrnamgy Rector of 

JFM. 4. At Bath, Aged 63, the l«dy of Sir 
Thomu Whichcote, but. of Aswarby, co. 
Lincoln, and third dau. of Edmund Turnor, 
•aq. of Plmton Houscy leaving iuue five sons 
«nd three daughters. 

Fdf. 14. At Chappie Cleeve, John Hal- 
lid»V» esq. a Magistrate and Deputy-Lieut, 
of the county. 

Ajt Abbot's Leigh, the wife of the Rev. R. 
WhUh, Vicar of St. Mary RedcIiiF. 

Stafpordsuirb. — Feb, 8. At SUkmore 
Hoose, Thomas Mottershaw, esq. 

SoFPOLK. — Dee, 3. Aged 86, Francis 
Harrison, g«nt. of Badwell Ash. 

Dec 14, Captain Spears, R« N. of South 

Dee, 1 ft. Aged 70, Mary, wife of Joseph 
Poole, of Ipswich, gent. 

At Stoke by Nayland, in hu 91st year» 
Charles, youngest son of the late Rev..Tho. 
Bolton, Rector of Nedging, and Perpetual 
Curate of St. Marv at Quay, Ipswich. 

Dee. 20. Aged 89, the relict of Rev. 
Rich. Moseley, late Rector of Drinkestone. 
Dee, 98. At Needham Market, aged 80> 
Hannah, relict of John Ward, of Tarsen 
Hall, esq. 

Jan 4. At Bramford, the wife of Wm. 
Meek Marston, esq. 

Jbi. 13. At Eye, aged 57, Mr. Geor|^ 
Clabon, a Common Councilman. 

«Adi. 99. Aged 69, Jamea Kindred^ of 
FRMtenden Lodge, gent. 

Jitm. 94. At Ipswich, aged 81,. Samuel 
Atkinson, of the Society of Friends. Bomi 
in the parish of St. Matthew, he s])ent in it 
a long life with the strictest integrity, justly ~ 
vespected for the mildness of his manners, and 
hia truly Christian and charitable disposition. 
Jan, 97. At Bailhara, aged 94, Anuy sole 
aurviving child of late Rev. Josiah Rodwell, 
Lecturer of the High Church, in Hull. 

Jan, 98. At Needham Market, aged 89, 
Thomas Hay ward, gent. 

Jan, 30. Aged 49, Henrietta, wife of 
Mr. Snell Cooper, of Wenham Lodge. 

Feb, I. Aged 89, John Rose, gent, se- 
nior Alderman of Eye, and for many years 
Snigeon of the Garrison at the Tower of 

Surrey. — Jan, 90. Frances, eldest dau, 
«yF Wm. Devas, esq. of Heme- hill. 

Jan, 97. At Carshalton, aged 77, Mary, 
widow of E. Bacon, esq.formerly of Hackney. 
Jan. 98. At East Sheeu, aged 78, Mary 
Catharine, relict of Wm. Hill, esq. 

Feb, 6, At Richmond, Rich. Hush Gore, 
third son of Rev. Cha. Gore, of Barron 
Court, county of Somerset. 

Feb. 9. At Farncombe Cottage, near Go- 
dahning, aged 65, Thos. Cobb, esq. late of 
Newgate -street. 

Sussex. — Jan. 15. At Brighton, Ellz. 
widow of Major-Gen. John Smith, and 
daii^hter of Sir Bellingham Graham. 

Jan* 99. At Amndel, affed 80, the relict 
of Henry Howard, esq. and mother of Lord 
Howard of Effingham. 

Feb, 8. At Brighton, i^ed 60, Mr. Tho. 
Lawrence, of Drury-lane 'Hieatre. 

Warwickshire. — Jan. 90. At Ansley 
Hall, aged nearly 70, Elizabeth, relict of 
John Newdigate Ludford, esq. D. C. L who 
died May 16, 1895, as recorded in our last 
Volume, part i. p. 469. She wu the eldest 
dau. of John Boswell, esq. of Witton, War- 
wickshire; wu married June 16, 1778; 
and has left three daughters, as noticed in 
our last Volume. This worthy lady will be 
long and affectionately remembered, not only 
by tier immediate relatives, but by all who 
had tlie happiness of witnessing ber hospita- 
lity, her benevolence, and uoaffected piety. 

Jan, 99. At Rugby, aged 61, Mr. Jo- 
seph Baxter, father of Mr. W. Baxter, Cu- 
rator of the Botanic Garden, Cambridge. 

Feb, 9. Aged 75, Cha. Greeoiy Wade, 
esq. many years a Magistrate for the Borough 
and County of Warwick. 

Wn.TS.— Jfla. 96. At Swindon, aged 65, 
James Strange, esq. of the firm of Strange 
and Co. Bankers, Swindon. 

Yorkshire.— Jon. 19. At Hull, aged 
839 Mr. Nath. Howard Usher, attomev. 

Jan 19. At Viscount Hood's, Whitby 
Abbey, in his 4th year, the Hon. Horatio 
Nelson Hood, youngest son of Samuel Lord 

Jan. 99. At Bedale, in his 70th year, 
Henry Prest, esq. brother of the late Edw. 
Prest, esq. of York. 

Jan. 94. At Wardsend, near Sheffield, 
aged 77, Tho. Rawson, esq. distincuished 
as a staunch Whig of the Old Scbom. 

Jon. 94. At Doncaster, aged 67, Leo- 
nard Walbanke Childers, esq. 

Jan, 95. In her 75th year, Dinah, wife 
of Cha. Reeves, esq. of Wood Hall, near 

Feb, 1. Aged 105, Mr. Tho. Dooley, of 
Butley near Macclesfield. He retained his 
faculties until within a short period of his 

Feb. 6. At Bainton, Mrs. Dixon, sister 
to the Rector of that parish, and relict of 
Joseph Dixon, esq. of Calcutta, who died 
in London, in Dec. 1785. 

Lately, At Scarborough, aged 55, Mr. 
J. Knaggs, attorney at law. 

Wales. — Jan, 19. At St. Arvon*s, Mon- 
mouth, Jos. Earle, esq. late of Watling-st. 

Lately. At Evienstock-hall, Denb. Sir 
John Evans, who was knighted when Sheriff 
of Merionethshire, July 1, 1817. 

Scotland. — Jan, 96. At Edinbui^h, 
ased 97, Mr. Robert Butterworth Runcorn, 
of Manchester, Student of the Royal Col- 
lege of Physicians; 

Abroad. — July 16, 1896. At Prome, 
in the kingdom of Ava, of a fever, Capt. 
Henry Parsons, 47th Reg. eldest son of latt 

18M.] Bin ^ MoHami^ltarkaU, tc-^Ctauit Uam. MI 

K». J. WtdJcU FuM>u, Nt-coa Hmll, um rtceWtd ■ a*dd fiom tb* RojU Humue 
MoBRUHiih. SocletT. 

la die lilud of ManUrmit, 
H, ufd 46, the Hnn. Thotnu 
of Hii Mijeit}'! CouDial, 
"iloo.. Jli. pnUUc ch»^ 
dlitiDcuubtd hj ■ tnil)' inluua 
IGlli Kg. Midru Niuiia Isf. nUttt lua of the ipitit. nguUud hj ■ UbenI, cantcMatiiHW, 
liM VV. KuiiliJl, uq. oT Batteree*, Sumj. uil pollihed mlad : in privitc lifg po»*uiog 

Srpl. fS. Ai S», Henry H. Sumoei, mrj qii»)i(j ibiit ■doini mcietj. 
>tq. Lomimndci af tlia Ephuuiqng, lnu of Jai. 13. Al Floreoci, Wm. SLuIe, aq. 
ttw £. J. CV ■nrioc Royil N.ij. 

Oct. 94. Al Jmioa, Capt. AagattM Jan. ! I . At MoBntituut. die nf But*. 

GmapioD d* Cmiugaj, of U, M. ihip i^d 31, Oemud* Amcli* Villien Scimrt, 
Scylla, luTUig luecMiUd tha ku Ciptu un); dan. of tbe IsCe Lord Hidtj ud LdJjr 
RibhU odI; ■ ibort tim* pmioiulj. Tliii Geitnide Stuirt. 

nllut(>ee*rwH<ritliLardNebcnitTr»- LaUli/. At ha PknUlion, St. Joho'i, 

Ugv, lod diilinguuhedhiBMlfin aipwietf JsmtiH, Mn, Cath. Dmn*, wife of Mr. 
of •ctiooi during tbt mr. Ha anoi ti«aa Thu. Deuie, lUe mercbut of Kb^itao, 
JoBipad Uto th* ira to Rtmt mnwB who and dm. of the lale Di. Wnlluir, Ph>>iciu 
ludMcn otcsboud, fin vhicti, m I8IS,lie Geoenl toliii Majeity'i form of tbe lilutd. 

BILL OF MORTALITY, bom J^mtj ii, m Februkry I4. 

Ouiiuned. I Buriad. 

id 60 r. 
so uul 70 a- 

Mala - BBSl Mdw -"18l.„., g /* 6 «d 10 7; 

Fnda. - eu/'"*|FmuU.. 1M9/'^" | J 10 a«d so 7; 

Wb*raaf ban diad radu two java old 60} ^ S «0 and 30 13' 

- (2 I so and *0 17; 

8altbt.F*ibaIwli IfLpapaand. ^40udsot3 

AQQRBaATE AVBRAQE of BRm»I CORN which gonna Inportatioo, 

Cram tha lUtana «iid!ng Fabnarj II. 

WhaM. I fiariar- I Oala. I Rj». I Bww. I Feau 

$. d. \ I. il. \ I. d. \ s. d. \ I. d. \ I. d. 

m g I u 7 I ta II I 41 9 I M 10 I 4a 4 

PRICE OF FLOUR, pn S^k, Feb. lo, SOi. U 6IU. 

AVERAGE PRICE of SUGAR, Feb. la. Mi. 10^ p«i e<rt. 



SMTTHFIEU), Fab. to. To aiok the OflU— per alone of Rlbi. 

Beef *: 6d. to Si. od. ] Lvnb oi. ad. to oi. Od. 

MdUod 31. 4d. to U. Od He<>dofC>Hte*tM>.4*lFob.>0: 

Vaal Si. 6d. to 6>. 4d. I Beuti, a.SSS Cal«ei »7 

Park Si. Id. to 61. Od. | Shtty 19,fl>0 Fip >«> 

COAL MARKET, Fab. lO, 99>. ed. to ssi. Od. 

TALLOW, pet Cvt. Town Tailow 40i. Od. Yellow RuaiU B9t. Od. 

SOAP, YeUo*74>. Mottled eu.Od. Curd 8Sb— CANDLES, 9i. per Doi. Mould* I0i.«i. 

THE PRICES oF Cahil Skihu, &e. b Febnurr IB!6, at tbe OSes of Mr. M. 
Riim, Aaetiouei, Canal and Dock Share, and Eatote Broker, No. 9, Great Winchealai^ 
itraet, OM BrW-itieet, London.— Trent and Meruj Canal, 1,OOOJ, — Leeda and Lirer' 
pool, 400i,— Grand Junction, 8G!(.— Oxford, TOOL— Birmingbam, aOOt— Worcmter aad 
Biraiincham, fisi.— Ellaamera, uOI. — Stntford-upon-.^ron, 401. — Peak Foraat, ISOl. 
Huddenfiald, iSt— L«ic«l«t, 40J.— Kennat and Avon, SSi.— WilU, and Berb, Si.— 
Rwent'a, 37'.— W«l India Dock, I7ej.— London Dock, 8S/.— Globe Iniurancv, ISSi.— 
Gnaidka, lSi._AtlBa, 7J.— Hope, U.— EmI LoDdoo Wu*rW<xfc*, HOl^-Onnd Jooa- 
lioD ditto, TSl. — WotnuHter Ga*, iOt, 

t 18^ ) 
METT:OROLOGICAL diary, ar W. CARY, Stuhd. 

An>yaiB»i3 1 

7, to J(Un»uy fl 

» 18 

6, b>a ..KJurilX-. 

FJirtnlie'it'i "Ownh. 


t'l Therai. 



i! '1 1 




















30, so &ir 




3i &ir 





































ia:fl.Lr . 























From January it, la Ftbruay B4, ielh incbai 











E>-Bi"'. E..Iiill. 

lOOOl. 500/. 




8li 4 

Mt 1 


S9i97i i 

SO 1 

8 9pm 


PM 1 pm 1 3 pm. 


sol i 




e9j!97j j 
88(87* 61 



6 Sp™ 


P" '■!!•■ P« 1 di.. 
pM 1 dn, idi..ipn,. 

80 79i 


Bai9fii 7 
89 9Gj 7 

88i]8«i i 




3 6pm 
6 4pni 

4 6p» 


pur 1 din. p.r 1 pm. 
Idb.lpmp,r ipm. 

p«9d,. idn.lpm. 







75 4i 

7s e 

75 i 


78 8 


76 5 












93i i 


9S1 71 


4 10d», 
l0 14dU 

IS 11 d». 

la 4di.. 


1 4 di., p,r 3di.. 
a 5 di.. s 1 dii. 



Maadii. isiidit. 
a di,.puip™.adi,. 

Idklpm. Lpm-ldi.. 





1 Spm- 

3 6 *., 


r« 1 pm. pi^ 1 pn,. 

d,ji,lpa.. p„. 
par 1 pra.pH i pm. 



RICHARDSON, OOODLUCK, mai Co. 104, Conur ufBaok-Liuldiagi, CotbIuII. 




<>rtfjnsl CemmiiiiftaManri, 

I ConuPOnDiHrt 

EnpeuMornnntiDFlht tUbcb in ITia...l96 
Ancteol Alun. Ise.-lniproTiiMaUioLcniL 198 

MiDuU) nf tbc Socletf of Antiqnvig 900 

Church of St. Lakt, OifIh, .leicrihai] tOl 

" Prd>;^r«, uf [he S|«n«r Punil; lOi 

Suiiiilcal Inqui'in io Iralind ib. 

Fly LiAvei, No XXX.-ChBi.i.-BoMobdtoa 

OIJ HuiKC ia Ludrnhill-ilmt. SOS 

On the ChroBologj nf Hrrodotia li. 

r>iiweuinit HauinChurehc) 910 

iVuIntiaa ,.t thp Mifpictic N««<1U 91 1 

Pmlabllil; nf the Earth bem|; hortow 91! 

lOn Ihe Ciiinvic af tbe Eut Anclei ib. 

llell Tower of St. Slepheo'i, We.tminner...9 14 
Kemaika on Bp. Luicomhe't Appnintranit.ilS 

Moh; Goioed hy OIner Cromvell 91b- 

On Guiliihuid Britiih Vuei ii; 

~ >-9uitorSinT.Grei)ui« ud Kin>(C7...9I9 

!c<lal« of Dhd NnwclJ Md Fu>i1> 920 

lUo SlKrrj in the Wot lBci;n 991 

;0d the Penonilinti'iii ofDeuh »}6 

Critiqaenn the ■■ Hilton of tAmineton"...997 

Renuckt OD the ■• Be*t.t« of Wilt>" 99S 

Od (be Vm oTEltl Indiin Silver 999 

Oa the Hiit..iJu. Wimini de Ntwbur»h....t31 

Olttilnn af tUm VHMKntlbH^. 

Shann TnrBw'i HhXorj of Eagkad au 

CaAocVi Litenr; Memnln aSS 

Biahop of Hath uid WelU'i Chugi 93* 

Bowlei'i Lmkim ia Criticiim .919 

Nicolu'iTeilunenuVBtHU 140 

Pulwheta'iTndiliunnDdKeuiIIeclioiu 949 

The N«™] Slietch Book... 948 

TracMuu the" Icon HMilike" 947 

Papen on Naval Acchlleeture Ml 

Llu>d'> Life of the Eni|ieror Aleiander 949' 

Hopknina't E)U}i,94S."Ha;l(]>'iSenDOB9t9| 

Dr. NuIUiri Vlrj^it'i Bueoliei ai3 

Reriem . ...aM— StU 

LtTEHlRT iHTELLiaiHCt — N*WpublicMioa>9S7 

ffi^toncal Cbtonkic, 

ProceedingliBpreieDlSenUniofParNi . 

Fonign Nem, 9U3. — DomeaticOaiBrraiCM9Sa 
Pcomolloiu, Sic.9ti7— BirthiudMuTiu-nl 
OiiTUmi': wthMrmolnoftheDiikeorAl- 
bufeni Viicr.unt Culetoui Loid Oowneii 
CnuDCi Roroaaioff and Rnatopchlo 1 Sir 
John Aabrey ,- Sir Kob Bnher -. Adnirali 
Wllionnd lagnm ; Gvb. R;mmiDnaa,ltic.Sfi9 
Hill ofMorulili.— Pnceaof CaoaT Sb*r«..9a7 
MuteorolnRi™! biarv. — Pricei of Slocka....9aB 
>r the CtivKCH or St. Luke, Chtltei! 
Houit in LtADiNiiiLi. SmtiT. 
ioBI of QlUllSH u>d BRifiiH Vaiu. 

With Rep«K. 


[ 194 1 


The Editor of the << Progretset of King 
James I." again ventures to inquire whether 
It copy exists of « The Ayres that were 
sun;; and played at Brougham Castle» in 
Westmorland, in the King's .Entertainment j 
given by the Right Honourable the Earle 
of Cumberland, and his Righl Noble Sonne 
the Lord Clifford. Composed by Mr. George 
Mason and Mr. John Earsden. London, 

1>rinted by Thomas Snodliam, cum privi- 
egto, 1618," folio, mentioned by Sir John 
Hawkins in h'^i History of Music, and by 
Dr. Whitaker in his History of Craven. A 
speedy answer will much oblige. — ^The Editor 
has also still among h'ls desiderata the I^ra- 
donPageanU of 1611, 1619, 1614, 1617> 
and 1694. 

D. A. Y. writes: ^QaraiidoD, m b!a 
History of the Rebelliofa (ed. 1789, L 98, 
80), tells us that Sir Tliomaa Fryer waa 4 
Colonel in the army under George Dtike of 
Buckingham, and that the Duke was speak- 
ing to nim when Pel ton took the opportu* 
nity to stab him at Portsmouth. We fur- 
ther learn that this Sir Thomas Fryer and 
Sir John Tallakerne had been knighted to- 
gether at Portsmouth, June 20, 1697. I 
^hall be thankful tn any of your Correspond- 
ents who can give roe any information about 
Sir Thomas and his family. It seems pro- 
bable that he was either an Essex or a Suf- 
folk man. What were his arms ? and did 
he leave any issue ?'* 

We find we were incorrect in announc- 
ing that Mr. Alaric Watts is the editor of 
the new Series of the Literary Magnet. 
lliis is not the case. He is, we believe, 
the proprietor of the work, but has nothing 
whatever to do with ita editorship. 

A Topographical Collector respect- 
folly asks whether a new edition of Mr. 
Gooeirs << Anecdotes of British Topo- 
graphy" may be expected firom the Claren- 
don Press 

Mr. Archdeacon Beatty (vol. xcv. i. p. 
579), died in 1891, not 1895, in his glebe 
house at Maydow, co. Lon^^ord, not at 
Buncrana, cu. Donegal. — Lady Bowyer 
(whose epitaph was printed in last volume, 
part ii. p. 587) was called " The Star of the 
East." See Walpole's Anecdotes, under 
Cornelius Jansen; and see also .the poem 
called **The Wizard" in the Censura Dte- 
raria. — Dean Plumptre (p. 646) was sou of 
a clergyman who was younger brother of 
the late John Plumptre, eso. of FreJville in 
Kent, many years M.P. for Nottingham. 
He married his cousin, a daughter of Dr. 
Robert Plumptre, the President of Queen's 
College, Cambridge. — The Rev. George 
Garratt (not Gerrard) Hayter (ibid.^ was 
son of Geo. Hayter* esq. formerly or Pan- 
cru-lane, a Bank Director ; and nephew of 
Dr. ThomM Hayter^ who died Bp. of Lon- 

don in Jan. 1769. He was B. A. of Exeter 
College, Oxford, and was presented to the 
Rectory of Compton Bassett in 1789 (not 

W. C. D. begs to observe, that ** how- 
ever ingenious the suggestion of A. Z. p. 
98, may be, it is not well founded. The 
German word Rathf erroneously written by 
him hat, CMinot form Ratz for its plural, 
that being a form quite unknown in the 
language. Moreover, I am inclined to 
think, tliough on this |)oint I do not speak 
with certainty, that the black rat a species 
now nearly estinct, and not the brown or 
JVortoayTat, is the species distinguished as 
the Hanoverian." 

The 8B«M Correspondent is right in sup- 
poahig that the word ** Pandoxator" (roen- 
tioQea ia p. 199), does not exactly mean an 
'* ale- brewer;" it is explained by Ducange 
•a- a tavern-keeper, and as derived from 
voy^o^^iiov, hJospitium, The same authority 
explains pandoxare as caupojuim exerceie, 
Pandoxator, therefore, in p. 199> must mean 
one of the Company of Couks, as Zonarius 
probably one of the Company of Hatband- 
makers. W. C. D. remarks, that *< the 
title is still retained in some of our col- 
leges, — Trinity College, Cambridge, for in- 
stance, and is bestowed upon that member 
of the Society to whom is committed the 
charge of the beer-c« liar." 

ChUtem Hundreds. W. B. will be obliged 
to any of our Correspondents who can in- 
form him where these Royalties are situated : 
whether they are confined to Buckingham- 
shire, or extend into Oxfcnrdsbire and other 
counties. And further requests a reference 
to any work wherein information may be 
obtained as to thejr locality and extent, 
the nature of the office of Steward, which 
when accepted by a Memlier of Parliament, 
causes a vacancy in his seat in the House 
of Commons, and whether the Stewards 
continue for life. 

Mr. George Yatrs remarks, with refer- 
ence to the observation of a Genealogist 
in last vol. p. 98, as to the Dyer family, 
that ** it now appears tlutt there have been 
two Baronets of the name of John Swinner- 
ton Dyer, and that the necessary distinction 
of persons has not been obser\'ed. The ori- 
ginal statement of an Old Subscriber is 
tlierefore correet, as applied to the first Sir 
J.S. Dyer; and mine is equally correct, aa 
applied to his grandson, a Baronet of the 
same name." 

G. W. W. asks, «< Can any of your Cor- 
respondents direct me to a top<^raphical 
account of Over Kellet, Lane, and its an- 
tient possessors ? Did it give name to the 
&mily of Kellet, of whom Matthew Kellet, 
of Rypley, co. Surrey, gent, was livins 
temp. Edw. VI.? See GwilWs Heraldiy.**^ 



MARCH, 1826. 


THE followinz carinos documcnl Pujd the cUrge of raci 
is priuled Train ihc ori| 
the >d>ublc colleclinn of Mi 

ihc original Id hurtei dd ih» comtjiog ilie 7 £, i 

of Mr. WiL. toP.»tuii « . 

of ihe London In«i- P»)"l '*" "Wgc of the U 

bill a mpliincht ' "' 
of il><- cnnMQiitncn of Civi 

lulioii. It «h.bils a melancholy pic- j:™.«,ng S to W,™ - 

wqutoccsofCivilWiir. '^'7'* in' '■'■•^ of homi 
Thr inMll iitms >or ewli. »"• ■"" "" '"^ ""'" 

for the unhappy Jacobil« (moM of p"?,"'.!"' *'".,"f *'!"'" .." * ' 

them probably n«n of ^„^ g.„ fc, ^^^ ^.^^"^ . ^ ,^ 

form a curiou. coniraH to ihw S.t P,,d for arpenKr-. -ork. ni.k- 

wiiiB for the Grand Jury, &c. The mg g„,d l^j,^ ,„j („,„;. 

34 pritone n »|ijicar lo have been huiio taea for lh« pr»t>nara nid t<il- 

by two execulinntr), who were paid dim u LetBrpmle - - - 15 7 

6ll/. for the whole, and ?'. 10*. fnr Pivd for itno ^r [lien - - 4 « 

their iriTclline tupcnces lo Ptolon, P^j'il ooJ« for them - - lo a 

Wigan, Manchester. Gantang, L«n- P*T<I ^ biickwork, liuJding up 

caster, anj Llrerpool. ™ ■Lnduwi, tkc. to prtnat 

, L TT ,-. ^^J^ ^'" '*''^'"' *■"■ *"' tl» 

An Kcooal ol th* duburtiDtBM of Tbomu guitdi uil priiancn - - - 17 is 

Cmp, Eu|. Dish Shviff s/ Unouliin, i'.yd fur mco to itUDd ud ouiid 

•ttMdiu Uw Trydl of Un Babcll* U the coDdemoed p>»oDer> •rbicb 

Lnarpo^, of •lacutiog S4 of then. the militur fbiHirequiredrrom 

Connjing piiMocn, makiu eonrtni- ihe Sherift 

diu Uw Trydl of Um BabelU u 
'pool*, of •lacutiog S4 of then. 

1^ otliar ne- p.jd I1.0 men attfoding the 

t Leveipon] uc 
nufolloot: c 

Dec. 31, 17 1 A. Pijd fur neiMD- I^yd for a eellar ud rooou for 

Kn about the precepU, ud to £. 1. i. the priuoen ud Hilcritn - - IS 

itea then out - - - • 19 Fvl for [oonu for the oitiMUca 

Jan.%. Piyd lendiiig the preeapti that art priiDUen - • • - 10 

out to the leveratl himdred) in Pajid for codei, cudlet, and 

(heeouDt)',»od prlaliug ticketa 1 IS 6 itnw, &c. for them - - - 9 10 

Fkjd the like It PreacoD from Pajd for a nu to attntd them, 

the office there 1 17 ^ai ^aa nom, la. - - - S tO 1 

PiTd the ebvga of the Under- Pa;d for candlaa aaed ia eoort I t 

ahanffe, a tnimpater, and lome Pajd a penen that atteiided and 

Shcriffi DWD (a wait on the cleaaed the court - • - - I 10 1 

Judge! from Wuringtoo - ' 7 10 Pajd for wine Ibr the Orud 

Payd the charge uf nmiengen Jury, fce. and other diaboi*- 

from L^irerpoole about the re- ineDta ahout them for their 

tunu of the precepu - - - 13 6 room, grate, coalei, &c. SO 

P»d the charge of tendiiig 10 daji msi upward* - - ~ - it t 1 

the officer! at Maocbeiter to Payd for ale for them - • - fi 7 1 

get guaidi to coniej Gn pri- Pay d tot panou la attend them, 

aooan to PieetoD to be eieented 7 6 &c. --------BlOi 

Jan. 96. Payd the charee ofhonei Pajd one daja dinDcr for them - 15 7 

and men to lead the hnnaa, &c. Pa;d the charge ot 1 7 men ud 

OB cmtcjing then thither - S S hon« SB daj> attending at Le- 

Fayd For cordi to piiuon them '096 (erpoole at 4i. per daj each, 

FA.t. Payd for meaHDgm for man and borte ■ ■ ■ - igg 4 , 

MhcT guard! to cunte; 7 more Payd for hatti, itocking!, and 

lo Praalnn, & to Wigan, and b other part gf thatr llrariaa worn 

•o Mancheitcr to be cacCBtad 0110 oat IT»i 


Charges for estcuting lUbeh, — On Ancient Altars. [March, 

Tha Highsheriffs charge and ex- 
peDc;^ Dot iDcluded. 

The Uadersheri£F and his deputy 
attendiog expences, &c. not in- 

Payd the charge of the Sheriffs 
mea» &c. attending the Judges 
to Warrington on their return 
back It 

Four Sheriffs hailiffis attending 
4s. per day eacli, 33 days - - «6 8 

The Goaler and his servants at- 
tending expences, &c. he charges 
upwards of 60 00 

Fayd messengers for guards to 
pay all the remaining condemn- 
ed prisoners from Leverpoole 
to Lancaster, and about 30 that 
were committed over to Lancas- 
ter assizes ------0 10 

Payd for cords aud tying the pri- 
fonert -------i88 

Pkyd for horses for them that 
coold not goe on f(iot, aod for 
men to lead them, &c. being 
17 by the first guard, and 16 
on horseback -by the second 
guard -^- - - - - -25 9 

;g515 5 10 

The Charge of Executing 84 Rebels, 

Jan, il7) 1 7 1 5 . Erecting gallows, 
and paid for materlalls, hurdle, 
fire, cart, &e. on executing Shut- 
tleworth and 4 mure at Preston, 
and setting up his head, &c. - 13 4 

Besides the Undersheri£F and 

Feb, 9. Disbursements on execut- 
ing old Mr. Chorley and others, 
and setting up a head, &c. - 5 1 6 

Besides the Uodersheriffs. 

Feb, 10. Charge at Wigao on ex- 
ecuting Blundell, &c. - - - 7 1 9 

Besides the Undersberiffs. 

Feb.\l» Charge at Manchester 
on executing Syddall, &c. - 810 

Besides the Undersheriffs. 

Feb. 16 apd 18. Charge at Gar- 
staing and Lancaster on exe- 
cuting 4 at either place - - 33 8 

Besides the Undersheriffs. 

Feb, 25. Charge of executing 
Bennet and 3 hiore at Lever- 
poole ---10 3 

Payd the 3 executioners - - - 60 

Payd fbr horses to carry the exe- 
cutioners to the severall places 
of execution, and their travel- 
ling charges -----'-7100 

;fl33 15 8 

On Ancient Altars. 

(From Dr. NuttalVs MS. Collections 
for his ** Bihliolheca Scholastica^**—^ 
a work intended for future publica" 
Hon ) 

JN tracing the history of man from 
the remotest period to the Chris- 
tian era, we cUscovec that, wherever 
the idea of a superior invisible Being 
existed, Altars have been usually em- 
ployed, for the manifestation or reli- 
gious feelings ; and it is curious to 
trace the subject, as being frequently 
indicative of the early history and man- 
ners of a people. The humble devotee 
of uncultured tribes has raised the sim- 
ple turf of his native wilds, and adored 
the " Great Spirit*' to whom it was 
offered, with the same enthusiastic ar- 
dour as the gorgeously bedecked priest 
of an Egyptian or Roman temple ; and 
perhaps the impressions produced on 
the surrounding spectators, by the sim- 
ple oHerings of one whose ** soul proud 
science never taught to stray," were 
equally strong. 

Herodotus says that the Egyptians 
were the first who consecrated to the 
gods temples, statues, and altars. Dr. 
Clarke has given us an Egyptian Al- 
tar in the form of a dice-biox. One, 
singularly curious, is depicted on the 
Hamilton vases. There is a square pe- 
destal, upon the table of which is a Hat 
f»air of bellows, like those of an organ, 
■"om one end of which springs a Do- 
ric column. At the foot of this was 
a grating, or fire-place, and the bellows 
were intended to excite the flame. The 
Altars of the Egyptians and Greeks, be- 
fore the war of rroy, were distinctively 
characterized by the form of a truncated 
pyramid, or cone, with an overhangiiig 
table, hollowed to receive a dish or 
ashes, when the victim was burnt. 
They had alsoiiooks or points of me- 
tal, to which the animal was fastened. 
The first Altars were simply made 
of turf, placed under trees, or covered 
with boughs of oak for Jupiter; laurel 
for Bacchus; pine for Pan; cypress 
for Apollo; myrtle for Venus ; poplar 
for Hercules; ivy, vine, and fig, for 
Pluto and Silvanus ; for all which the 
Latins substituted vervain. To turl, 
succeeded stones, bricks, marble, me- 
tals ; even the ashes, and horns of vic- 
tims curiously interlaced. 

The Greeks distinguished two sorts 
of Altars ; that whereon they sacrificed 
to the gods was called fiftf^oi, and was 

189e.] On JkdmU Jtittn. igf 

• real Alur» difierent from the other, Tated Alur. Thote «ippoiiitcd for tho 
whereoo thej Mcrificed to the herort, terrestrial gods, were udd on the ttir- 
which was smaller, and called lo^o^ face of the earth, and called ant. Tbm 
Pollux makes this distinction of Al- Virgil, Eel. v. 64, 65, makes his shep- 
tars in his Oiiomasticon ; he adds, herd erect two altars, named arm, for 
howeter, that some poets used the Julius Caesar, and two for Apollo, 
word i^x^^ ^ot the Altar whereon called aUaria : 

sacrifice was oflfered to the gods. The ^ ouatuor flrat/ 

Septuagini version does someumes *«* ^pEIn*^^'* ^^•phm, daoqua aUaria 

also use the word *a^x*t* for a sort of rp. ^ ^ **^* j • 4 .u -.u j 

|>r«.«d io Utin l.y craticutl, being "P«"«' •J?"/*'."'**' uJ"' '"[•"r 

• he»th. rather Ihan .n Altar.- fe™ •v'^^!".'? t»»«y.e«"«« ^crobteub. 
Among the Greeks, the celestial gods »" 'he distinction is "<>'«»«nr where 
had ifeir Aliar. raised considerably ^^f = '^'i *" ''"*' "»* ^^ •": 
above the ground ; Pausanias sutes that "^"i f'«l»«"ly «« «« .» • ««»««« 
the Alur of Olympian Jove was nearly 'T?."'' "IJ^V ''^'*'^•'* '"fr'f '"*• 
twenty feet hig'h/ The Alurs appr«^ Alurs of the celestial andjnfern^, 

...:.»^ .*v k^J^ «>• ^«»«:»«wi. \1— . M well as the terrestrial ,gods. — Ro- 
priated to heroes, or demigoas, were ^ . ... '51.^ r e 

one step b^jh. The infer^ deities ?»«" Alurs, or «//««a. erected forof- 

bad sma^l trfnches ploughed up for the ^'VV^ ,»«<:"««». ^''^ «*«"y «»^ 

.^......^ «r .._,;a..:..^ :....^.jnr ai..~ '"'♦b leaves and grass, etc. adorned 

purpose of sacrificiug, instead of Ahttts, ^;,^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^ »^^' ^, ^,_ 

which were called Xoxxm and povfot. ^ coii/ii«i were aniiointed bv 

The character of the deity to whom r„,„^,|„, ai pTa^ of reiSge to slaved 

they were consecrated was usually en- f^^ ^^^ ^^„^, ^P their masters, to 

graven on Alurs ; and sometime* the j^i^^nt debtors, and to crimiMls. 

reason of ihcir dedication. The most ^iiring theTriumrinite it was directly 

ancient ceremony in the act of conse- fo,bid|,„ ^o uke by force any crimt^ 

craiion was in the use of unction, nals out of the temple of Julius Ca«r, 

which ceremony aopears to have de- ^^o had eed there, and embraced his 

scended to the Catholics, through the g^||„^ 

medium of the Romaos. At the time ^he Jews had tlieir braxen alun 

of consecration great numbers of sa- ^^ bumt-offerings, and a golden alur, 

cnfices were offered and enteruin- ^, „,,„ ^f j„^^ jj^^ ,,^ 

ments given. The Altars were some- ^y^^ ^^^^ ^f ^^^ ^^ ^ ^-^^^ ^f ^^ 

times named according to the priicu- occasionally raised in the country or 

lar sacrifices for which they were dcs- fi^jj^ ^^eion to sacrifice to GoS,-. 

tined : E^xvpoi were Altars intended .. !„ g^ch a pUce he built an altar to 

for sacrifices made by fire; arvpoi, the Lord.*' 

those without fire ; and ataijAMKroi, Like the Jews, the Ptimitive Chrii' 

those without blood, on which only tians and Roman Catholic Church had 

cakes, fruits, &c. were placed. The a variety of altars. In the primitiFe 

figures of Altars were dinerent ; some church, the altars were only of wood ; 

were round, others square or oval ; but owing to the necessity of frequent re- 

they were always turned towards the movals. From the most authentic ac- 

East. There was one dedicated to the counts they were first used A.D. 135; 

Parcse, of an oblong form, called consecrated in 271 ; and adopted in 

iTt/Aumi; ; and a square one was on the Briuin in 634. The Council of Paris 

summit of Mount Cithaeron. in 509 decreed, that no Alur should 

Among the Romans, the Altar was be built but of stone. Ac first there 

a kind of pedestal, either square, was but one Altar in each church ; but 

round, or triangular, (adorned with the number soon increased ; and from 

sculpture, with basso relievos and in- the writings of Gregory the Great, who 

scriptions,) whereon were burnt the lived in the sixth century, we learn 

victims sacrificed to idols. According that there were sometimes twelve or 

to Servius, those Altars set apart for thirteen.— In the Cathedral of Magdo- 

the honour of the celestial gods, and burg there were no less than 49 Altars, 

gods of the higher class, were placed The Alur was sometimes sustained on 

on some ull pile of building ; and for a single column, as in the subterra- 

thai reason were called altaria, from neous chapels of Sl Cecilia at Rome, 

the words alta and ara, a high ele- and sometimes by four coiinnns, as 

10^ JUari.'-^Proposed Impr<yoemeni$ in tl^e MetropoliM, [March« 

the Altar of St. Sebastian of Crypta 
Arenaria ; but the customary form was 
to be a mass of stone work, sustaining 
the Altar-table. These Altars bore a 
resemblance to tombs; in effecf, we 
read in Church history, that the pri- 
mitive Christians chiefly held their 
meetings at the tombs or the marij^rs, 
and celebrated the mysteries of religion 
thereon. For this reason, it is a siand- 
iCkg rule to this day in the Church of 
Rome never to build an Altar, without 
ioclosing the relics of some saint. 

The authentic mark of an ecclesias- 
tical Altar-table was its five crosses. 
As no Altar couM he consecrated with- 
out relics, there was a small stone 
called the sigillum altaris, by which 
the aperture where the relics were 
deposited was closed up by mortar 
tempered in holy water. Symmachus, 
Gregory of Tours, and others, men- 
tion the ciborium, an arch over the 
Altar, supported by four lofty columns, 
in imiution of the Propitiatory ^ which 
corered the Ark. It was sometimes 
illuminated and adorned with tapers. 
Where there was no cibbrium, a mere 
canopy hung over the altar, which was 
niost common among'us; a fine stone 
acrjeen full of niches being the back of 
the Altar, from which the canopy pro- 
jects. Curtains called the tetravelum 
were annexed, and drawn round, that 
the priest might not be confused by 
view of the spectators. Under this 
ctborium or canopy hung the pix or 
boK containing the host, commonly a 
dove of goldsmith *s work, esteemed so 
sacred, that upon the march of hostile 
ardfiics it was especially prohibited 
fVom theft; Henry the Fifth delayed 
his army for a whole day to discover 
the thief who had stolen one. Over 
the Altar was put the palla^ carried 
out against fires ; and over the pall the 
corporal^ always made of linen, ac- 
cording to an order of Sextus in the 
year 133. The antependium was a veil 
which hung before, as the dorsale be- 
hind. About the Altar were perticce, 
or beams ornamented at the great feasts 
with reliquaries of ivory, silver, &c. 
Besides piscinas were the stalls, where 
the officiating ministers retired during 
parts of the service performed by ihe 
choir. — At the Reformation these 
Altars were abolished wherever Pro- 
testantism was established *. 

• Du Caog« — Bp. Jewell — Gough — 
Montfitueon— -Danetj &c. 

Proposbd Improvements in the 

IN the House of Commons, on the 
2lst of March, Mr. Arbuthnot ob- 
tained leave to bring in a Bill for the 
improvement of Charing Cross and its 
vicinity. The Right Hon. Geiiileman 
said that it is intended to purchase all 
the stacks of buildings situated be- 
tween the Mews ana St. Martin*s- 
lane ; also the further stack of build- 
ings beyond these, bounded on the 
North by Chandos-street,. extending 
Southward to the Strand, and having 
its Eastern termination near Bedford- 
street. The purpose of this extensive 
alteration would be, not only to em- 
bellish that part of the town, but to 
make a better communication between 
its West and Eastern quarters. Upon 
the first portion of the land so pur- 
chased, it was proposed to erect a qua- 
drangle, the West side of which was 
already formed by the beautiful edifice 
occupied as the Union Club-house and 
the Cotlese of Physicians. The East 
side would be erected on a line with 
the portico of St. Martin's Church, and 
be composed of buildings correspond- 
iilg to those before mentioned. On 
the North there would be a row of 
buildings, continued from Pall-Mall to 
Saint Martinis Church, affording a 
view of the splendid portico of tnat 
Church from Pall-MalL It was his 
wish that the paintings, statues, and 
works of art, possessed by the nation, 
should be placed in this range of build- 
ing, because he thought they would be 
more useful to the public there than in 
the British Museum. It was under 
consideration to have in the centre of 
the quadrangle another large building, 
to be devoted to the Royal Academy. 
The quadrangle would have its South 
side open to Charing-cross, Whitehall, 
and Parliament-street. It would be in 
extent, from West to East, 500 feet ; 
and from the Statue up to what, in its 
present state, formed the stables, the 
space would be of equal dimensions. 
The other part, occupied by the ground 
commencing at Chandos-street — run- 
ning North and South to the Strand, 
and ending at Bedford-street. By this 
alteration the Strand, which in that 
part was at present only 35 feet, would 
be made sixty feet wide, from the qua- 
drangle up as far as Bed ford -street. It 
was therefore intended, when these 
houses were pulled down, to make a 
wide commodious street^ runnii^ in i 

PtvpMedtmpnmuunliUtluMdtiiptiti:' tM 


>U* lo (1i 

line dUntmallj down U the Stnod, to know the rtiuli of the g;rMttinder- 

0|ifKNi(eVUIicn-«lncl I tothalperwn* ukui^ in which he had sUuilFd, «nil 

dnving in through Pjll-n»U might wliicli aildvd lo much Ki the beauty of 

--» icroM the up^r part of tb* qiu- the Mclro|)i>!i9, and w the coiiimo- 

ingle ; and, by cnming duwn tbit dinimneu of the Tide,hboiirhM)il. He 

nci* ainM, be relicTcd fraoi the tlop- nicant till tiew iirrei fTom Pali-inall 

pji^rt, Jiid oihcf iiicDiikciiiciicci, now in the Regent's Park, whirh was un- 

anju*i1y outicri orcompUint. It woi deriaken when this Cdunlry wa* tt:- 

•Im) |iro|)ined In make inniher lar;;e pjied iii the moit ex|iensire war evec 

Mfriaer-wayframilte neit lit>e(ir<trcet known, and he iiuttnJ surh as would 

into r.ricr*ier-»quare, ihtoiigh a place never a^ln be wiincued. Taking the 

called Hciiimintt'a-mw ; andaircond expcnce of bruniirving the Itcgeni'i 

coniaiuniraliun willi the Slran<l, b«- Park, and of the new iirect, magni- 

IwMD C*>i|e-cuun and Bcdt'onl-itrrei. iicenl as it was, the money paid for 

Tills arf^ngrniem wuuld add rontiilci^ goo<l-will, and ilie iiims awarded by 

''-'-- -o (he beauiy of the Mrtropulii, Juries, lie had (he tatisfaction to italc, 

eiidrs gniitig rid of many bad thai while the Crown properly was im- 

iniu-n winch at |ireseni exisli»l in that proved, and a great permanent interest, 

neigh bi'urhood, wotdd add to the eoti- which never before exisIMl, was cren- 

venicnce and cnmino<lionsnv» of that ted, there was at present, intereil, 

pari of the Meitopolit lo such an tt.- within a rraciion.of 3 percent, deriitd 

lent as he could noi possibly deicribe. from the money expf ndi-d. He wa* 

It riii(!ht be istiffiicinry lo the House well aware, that in conseooenec of the 

ihai \ir tiiixM niiilr «n nhKrvaiion or magnificence of the in tended Quadran- 

inii .]- L:i iliL' i.r'pi. li.l. ^.|„ rirc tiir c.\r- gle, and of other * ' 

rjina the plan into eiecuiloo. It wa* eiE|)cnccs incuretl 
net nil intention lo ask that Home to pni|Hirl<on th^n th 
>ote any sum of money — he meant for by 
Iheplani self; but ifany public beild- i„r 
ing, either for ■ Roval Academy, or street there wus a coniinuiiy orbiiitii- 
Inr a National Gallery, should be ini-s, the leibes of which were pro- 
erected in the qiudnngle, it would, m duciive ; but in the present instance 
that case, be neccesary to come for • many houies must be laken down, and 
vole to that House. Itwaiitowoe- none erected on their tile*. However, 
cessary in enter into deiaila as to the combined with the improvement of 
way in which he intended to meet the Charing -cross end the neighbourhood, 
cxpcncri ; but he could assure the he wa taiiified that the money laid 
Huuiethatihe plan had beencarefuUy out would yield Si percm/. Thai in- 
examined In the departmi-nt lo whicit icrcsl would, he wa* satisfied, not be 
he had the honour lo belong; and he considered small, when the improt»< 
hoped that by the tale of tome, and ment of the Metropolii, in the midst 
the >xchange of other Crown lands, he of huiliUnes which were daily rising 
should he able to meet the expencea. up, and which would daUy increase in 
Howeircr, in wdct lo effect this, it the neighhonrbood, to the exclusion of 
would be neeeasary that the Commit- the free air. wj* taken into considera- 
■ionen should have the power to bur- tion. In such a titnation, he thooght 
tow a mm of money on inortga^ of it di-sinble to all classes, wliethcr high 
part of the new street. With reaprci or low, that imprcivemeiiu, which 
to thai power, his Hon. friend near added not only to ihr litauty bat lo the 
hioi (.Vtr. Wilmnt Hurion) trmindeil salubriousncssof i)icMciroiioli9,should 
him ihat the Commissioners already be made. Tlir Right Hon. Gent. 
appointed for imp rove meats po^tessed cnnchided by moving lUat the Bill be 
that power. He was most anxious that now rent a lirsl lini<r, and referred lo a 
the unsishlly appearance of Chatins- Committee; and upon the Tepon of 
cross and the nri)(hbourhnod should be the Committee it would be lor ibc 
removed ; and if this opportunity were House lo decide whether the plan be 
kjti, another would never present it- adopted or not. The Ripht Hon. Gen- 
self. The thing could not be left as it ik-mun also moied for leave to bring 
was; and if the improvements con- in > Bill for extending to Charing, 
templaled by his Bill should not be cross and place adjacent the poweri of 
l^recd lo, improvement! upon a snialler the Act for making a more convenient 
acale must be commenced. It might, communication With ttw Wen end of 
perhapa, be satiiEaciory lo the Houm the tt^wn, and fot eitabliiig the Com- 

Origin of lecturer ? — Society of Antiquaries. [March, 


tnissioners of Land Revenues to grant 
leases of the Crown Lands. 

Mr. Arbuthnot proceeded, in reply 
to some observations suggesting the 
removal of Exeter Change, to slate 
that it was private propeny ; that the 
proprietors were not disposed to part 
witn it, and that it was not in tneir 
power to compel theai. 

Mr. Urbah , Wood-slreei, March3. 

AS many of your learned Readers 
arc intimately acquainted with 
the Canons and Constitutions of our 
venerable Church, as established at the 
Reformation ; and with the subsequent 
Ordinances and Regulations, either by 
Regal or Episcopal Authority, or by 
the immediate sanction of Parliament 
or Convocation ; permit me to ask 
whence the orisin of what is un- 
derstood in the Metropolis, and many 
other large Towns, oy the title of 
** Lecturer," which I do not find in 
the Rubrick. A Rector, Vicar, and 
Curate, are titles well-known and dis- 
tinguished ; but when did the " Lec- 
turer** commence? what is his particu- 
lar duty ? by whom is he legally to be 
appointed } by whom paid ? and does 
he obtain or require the Bishop's Li- 
cence, similar to that of a Curate? 
Finally, what constitutes an endowed 
Lecture? A Citizen. 

Society op Antiquaries. 

Feb. 23. — Henry Hallam, Esq. V.P. in 
the Chair. — N. H. Nicolas, Esq. F.S.A. com- 
muuicated a M^. relation of the progress of 
Edward 1. in Scotland, in 1296, from the 
^ time he crossed the Tweed, to his return to 
Berwick after the submission of fialiol. 

March 2. — Hudson Ourney, Esq. V.P. in 
the Chair. — ^The reading of Mr. Nicolas's 
commanication was continued. 

March 9. — The Earl of Aberdeen, Pre- 
sident, in the Chair. — Mr. Ellis exhibited 
an ancient Bell, which formerly belonged to 
the Monastery of Inais Castle, at the mouth 
of the river Shannon, in Ireland. O'Hal- 
leraO) in his History of Ireland, records that 
this bell is believed to retain a miraculous 
power at the present time; and that the 
common Irish still imagine that aay one who 
perjures himself by it will instantly be at- 
tacked by convulsions and death. 

The reading of Mr. Nicolas's coromuuica- 
tioii was then resumed and concluded. 

In this paper, Mr. Nicolas investi<^ates 
the authenticity of the MS. by a scrutiny of 
the dates which it contains, by an examina- 
tion of the distances frdm place to place 
said to be travelled in tach day, and by a 

comparison of its statements with those of 
our chroniclers and historians. This inves- 
tigation appears to be altogether favourable 
to, or perhaps demonstrative of, the authen- 
ticity of the document. The scrutiny of the 
dates is very favourable : that of tae dis- 
tances travelled is not so satisfactory, od 
account of the want of a good topography of 

In the course of his remarks, Mr. N. 
notices a discrepancy between the statement 
of the instrument given in the Foedera. dated 
from Kincardine, that Baliol resigned his 
crown on the 2d of July, and that of our 
historians, who record the resignation to 
. have taken place at Brechin on the ttnth of 
the same month. This he reconciles by 
means of the following passage of Fordun :— 
<* Ubi advenienti regi Angliae in praedicto 
castro de Montroisse idem Johannes rex, 
regiis exutus ornamentis, et viigum album in 
manu tenens, 4^ * * • omne jus quod 
habuit, vel habere potuit, in regco Scotiae, 
cum fuste et baculo sursum reddidit, et in 
manu regis Angliae resignavit.*' 

Fordun, Scolichromconf lib. xi. cap. xxti. 
Furdun here states that Baliol resigned 
his kingdom in person, and did homage to 
Edward 1. as his Lord, on the 1 0th of July, 
which our historians have rightly taken for 
the time, as the resignation was inchoate 
until then. 

The MS. states, in its quaint language, 
that King Edward ** conquered and searched 
the kingdom of Scotland, as aforesaid, in 
twenty-one weeks and no more." And the 
writer observes, in proof of the barbarous 
nature of the Scottish people, ^t before 
the invasion, thev believed there were no 
men in England, but women only ! 

Mr. Ellis communicated a letter from Fox, 
Bishop of Winchester, minister of Henry 
VII. to Wolsev, describing the military 
strength and the fortifications of Calais, 
being one of the few memorials of him extant. 
March 16. — ^Thomas Amyot, Esq. Trea- 
surer, in the Chair. 

A' letter from Mr. R. Stotbard was read, 
accompanying the exhibition of a drawing 
of a beautiful recumlient statue of a female, 
lately used as a step in Stevenage Church. 

Mr. Ellis communicated an ancient code 
of instructions to the Portreeve of West- 
minster, and the civil officers under him, 
relative to the sale of meat, poultry, &c. in 
that city. Among other curious items in 
this document, are the following : all tainted 
meat, seized for havinff been offered for sale 
in that state, is ordered *<" to be dittribated, 
carefully and seasonably among the poor :" 
Every butcher who did not but and exercise 
his bull before he killed him, it to be 
amerced : butchers are to be fined two shil- 
lings for every piece of meat, under a quarter 
of beef, offered for tale on the Saturday, 
which had been offered on the pfacadbig 
The Society then adjoumad !• April C 


1810.] CTburdk o/ fit. Lnke, Chefita. SOI 

NEW CHURCHES.— No. VII. eridence, to be deduced from the ttmo- 

e » ^ . — . *""* ^f *^* ®W parish churchy in favour 

St. Lum, CBiLiBA. ^,f yo„r Correspondent's ingenious sug- 

Mr. Ueban» MMTcko. gestions, but which I fear will not be 

THE modem ecclesiastical architec- practicable, 

ture of the Metropolis is so uni- As a preliminarv observation to the 

▼enally formed after Cfrccian designs, description of the Church, it is neoet- 

that, beautiful as the style adopted is, «ry to remark that the style selected 

a monotony is created, which we can by the architect is that which prevailed 

only expect to be relieved by a more *^ ^be commencement of the sixteenth 

universal adoption of the Pointed centurt/f the Pointed s^le was then 

sqrlr. Those elegant monumenu of hastening to iu decline, and it is now 

G!recian taste and genius which we univerBally admitted by men of taste 

can never enough admire, the Mo- ^^at the eartier specimens were far 

nument of Lysicrates and the Tower more tasteful and elegant than the 

the genius observable in the originals, teciure in the ^ame light as if an archi- 

tire and satiate from want of variety, ^t were to reject the chaste buildings 

Our architects seem to have forgotten, ©f Greece for the formal productions 

or at least to have disregarded, a style <>f the Itvliait school The arch adopt- 

of architecture which grew and flou- ed in tibe present structure is, how- 

rished in our native land, a style so pe- ever, in a medium between the equi- 

culiarly appropriate to the construction lateral and the obtuse. 

of religious edifices, that it has been I nO'^ proceed to a survey of 

very appropriately designated by a wri- T^bb Extbriok. 

ter on Monastic Institutions % the The aeeqppanyinfp engraving (see 

Christian order. the Frontiepitee to thtt VeTume) shows 

The Church which forms the sub- the Western front.and the South side 

ject of the present article, is almost a in perspectivo. It is well calculated to 

solitary exception to the foregoins ob- display the lucbtoess of the flying but- 

servations, — it is perhaps the only in- tresses, and ue geMnd proportions of 

stance in which the Pointed style has the buildiqg|i 

been adopted on an extensive scale. The towor, it will be seen, rises from 

On the 12th of Oct. 1820, the first the jnoand io the usual^ atyle of the 

stone of Chelsea New Church was old Chprcli lowers. It 19 made into 

laid; the proceedings on this occasion fivepnneipatdivisiotis by belts, and is 

have already been noticed in your itren0|imMi( at the angles by octango- 

Magazine f. It was not until the ex- liu> buttresses Thegiroond floor is open 

piration of four years that the build- 9jL three of tfafe sides forming a porch 

ing was completed. It waa cooto- in front of ibe cei^tiBl entrance, and 

crated on the 18th of October, '1M4, had the arebilept have finbhed this fa- 

the anniversary of the patroii aaint. 9iule with tfant scrupftlons attention to 

This ceremony has been deiailed in ancient modek« whidi ought to cha- 

your pages, as well as that observed at racterize modern buildings in the 

the commencement of the stmetare. Pointed style, the Antiquarian spec- 

by Mr. Faulkner, the historian of the tator would not hare been disg^ted 

parish I . The architect is Mr. Savage with that display of the **fontastic W" 

ofWalbrook. 1 1 is pleasing to record ^ , j * " ' j \ . — 7— 

the erection of so splendid an edilioe ^» ^^ 5!ST" *^ "•^^ ^ 

in this ancient parish, which it would tha lit Oai. of Oct. 30, im. 

besausftctory tohearprovMaSaxon irterior lewdiorCliurA - - ISO 

village, as your Correspondent M. H. Widi ^^ - - * * ■• 01" 

promises§. I wish I could add any niiglu friwi naiiaaisiit tu JiilBfc Jif 

' ■ ■ vaaMag - - ••--'•# 

• The lUv. P. Newcwne, in hb Hktory Ditto of abbi - • - - 81 

of St. AUwi's Abb^, p. 97 . Height of £m( window - - 82 

f VoL zc. ii. p. 298. 

WUtk 1« 

:VoI.xciv.ii.29l— 2. Square of Vestry - - - 18 

i February Meg. p. 111. Hdght of tower to top Of pianaebe 141 

Gairr. Mao. Uarch^ 1826. 



Church of St. Luke, Chelsea. 


der,*' which the piazza along the 
whole front possesses. The arches in 
the front of this appendage are obtuse, 
while those at the ends are more acute- 
ly pointed, and are destitute of cano- 
pies; the four pinnacles of various di- 
mensions, the extraordinary high pedi- 
mental canopy applied to the central 
arch, the uncouth and unmeaning 
heads, and the mass of meretricious 
detail of this modern portico can only, 
I apprehend, be founa in the produc- 
tions of the inventors of " modern 
Gothic.*' The plain flat ceiling, as 
well as the ungroined vault of the 
tower, are entirely modern. Above 
the exterior arch of the tower is a long 
window with three tier of mullions 
and tracery in the head of the arch. 
TKe upper story has a window of 
smaller dimensions, and this portion of 
the elevation is more ornamented than 
the parts already described. It is fi- 
nished with a parapet, embattled, and 
' pierced with uprignt divisions, and at 
the angles are four lofty pinnacles croc- 
ketted ; they are hollow and pierced, 
in the style of the Bell Harry tower of 
Canterbury. Returning to the lower 
portion of the Western front, we find 
the windows to the aisles almost hid 
by the excrescence before noticed. 
The lateral entrances to the aisles are 
arched, and furnished with weather- 
cornices; the architraves of each are 

The South and North fronts arc each 
separated by slender buttresses into 
nine uniform divisions, all of which, 
except the extreme East and Western 
ones, contain muUioned windows of 
three lights divided horizontally by a 
transom ; the two remaining divisions 
have small blank arches with weather 
cornices in relief, very agreeable to 
modern notions of uniformity, but an 
injury to the design, as they break the 
series of windows which ought to oc- 
cupy every interval between the but- 
tresses. The clerestory is high and 
bold, and has windows corresponding 
with those in the aisles; the design of 
which, is the same as that seen in the 
upper story of the tower, and those in 
the aisles only differ in having the tran- 
som. From the parapet of the aisles 
where the buttresses terminate, rise 
segments of arches which cross the 
aisles, 'and spread at their junction 
with the clerestory into broad fans, 
pierced with quatrefoils; the upper 

moulding of each rib is carried perpen- 
dicularly up the wall of the clerestory, 
and is terminated with a mean pinna- 
cle. The parapets of the clerestory 
and aisles are both pierced ; the former 
with upright divisions, having trefoil 
arched neads, the latter with triangu- 
lar compartments, enclosing trefoils. 
A block cornice is carried alon^ the 
parapets, but it wants more relief to 
render it conspicuous. The solitary 
pinnacle perched upon each of the ex- 
terior angles of the aisles, like a senti- 
nel, is quite out of place ; either all 
of the buttresses should have finished 
with pinnacles, or they should have 
been omitted altogether. 

The East front is made into three 
divisions by, two octangular buttresses 
between the centre and side aisles, 
which rise above the roof, and are 
finished with a bird-ca^e sort of ter- 
mination (one of which is shown in 
the engraving), consisting of a dome 
closing in an octagon turret with 
trellis work in each face. The apex 
of the gable wants a cross, although a 
pedestal appears to have been formed 
for one. The principal Eastern win- 
dow contains seven upright divisions, 
and is made by transoms into five tiers 
of mullions ; the head is occupied by 
two sub-arches having a circle between 
their heads filled in with cinquefoils. 
Beneath this window is an attached 
building, with square -headed win- 
dows, containing vestries and other 
offices. The entrances to the aisles 
are obtusely arched, and enclosed with- 
in square architraves and weather cor- 
nices, and similar ones are attached to 
the vestries : they are very correct and 
chaste, and would have looked better 
at the West end, than those which 
are adopted in that situation. 

There is a novel feature in this 
Church deserving of notice, which is 
a sunk walk round the whole of the 
basement ; it is guarded by a low para- 

{>et towards the church-yard, and the 
ower part of each buttress is pierced 
to allow of an uninterrupted passage. 
The crypt beneath the whole edihce 
communicates with this area by grated 
windows, by which means the venti- 
lation of the extensive catacombs is 
efllectnally secured, at the same time 
that they are hid from observation. 

I have only, in concluding the de* 
scription of the exterior, to add, that 
the Church is built of brick, faced 


Chunk of 8i. Luke, Cheima. 


with Bath ftoiie» in which nmlerial 
all the ornamental particolan, already 
noticed^ are exeeuted. 

Thb Imtbrior. 

At the West end is a Testihule, ex- 
tending across the whole building, and 
occupying the space beneath the organ 
gallery and staircases ; this is separated 
from the Church by a 6ne stone screen, 
consisting of a large pointed arch, 
flanked by square open buttresses, and 
ornamented above with a range of up- 
right divisions, finished with a block 
cornice; in the centre is a how, or 
projection in the corbel style, in the 
front of which is a dial. The door- 
way is formed of carved oak, repre- 
senting tracery work and mullions, the 
nnper part of the panelHns being pierc- 
ed and glazed. Above this screen is 
the organ, in a carved oak case, the 
design of which is an assemblage of 
three towers, with pinnacles at the 
angles, and united by flying buttresses, 
the wood-work ornamented with op- 
right arched pannels*. 

On each side of the Church are se- 
ven arches, resting upon six octan- 
gular columns, to each of which four 
small pillars are attached; an additional 
one being placed upon the capitals of 
those which are situated towards the 
body of the Church, and carried up to 
support the vaulting. At each of the 
extreme ends of the arcade a semi-co- 
lumn is attached to the walls to com- 
plete the number necessary for sustain- 
ing the arches. The main pillars and 
arches are ornamented with a simple 
ogee moulding. The ailes are occupied 
by galleries that hide the lower aivi- 
sions of the windows, which are only 
seen externally, no light being admitted 
below the galleries through the outer 
walls. Beneath the sills of the cleres- 
torial windows are recesses of the same 
breadth as the windows, fronted by 
four cinquefoil-headed arches, and fi- 
nished with a cornice of roses in en- 
riched quatrefoils, designed as an imi- 
tation ot the ancient trilorium. 

The eastern window f does not fill 
up the entire wall, as wa find in all 
ancient buildings, but i considerable 
portion of plain masonry is left round 
It. The space below it is occupied 
by a splendid stone altar-screen of 
a beadtitul antique design. It consists 
of five upright divisions, formed by 
bnltresses, the central being the widtn 
of two of the others ; they are covered 
by ogee arches, with cinqnefoil sweeps 
in each, the centre one having a ca- 
nopy of the same form, but more highly 
enriched with a greater number of 
sweeps. From the canopies rises i se- 
ries of upright divisions, with trefoil 
heads, and above is an entablature ; 
the frieae is formed of foKage in alto- 
relievo ; the cornice of various mould- 
ings ; and the whole is fronted by seven 
demi-angels in ancient costume crown- 
ed, one hand of each is placed on the 
breast, the other held up in the atti- 
tude of benediction. The screen is 
flanked on each side by a magnificent 
composition of niche work, ranging 
above two small doorways leading to 
the vestry, the arches of which are 
obtuse, and the architraves entirely 
formed of mouldinffs. Above the 
point of the arch of each doorcase is 
an hexagonal canopy, highly enrich- 
ed, and supporting the pedestal of a 
large and similarly-formea niche above 
it, crowned with a like canopy, which 
rises above the rest of the sereen, and 
occupies a portion of the wall on 
each side of the window. The pierc- 
ed stone- work, elegant buttresses, and 
minute pinnacles of this elegant com- 
position form an assemblage of archi- 
tectural ornament which would not 
disgrace anv age in which the pointed 
style prevailed ; the scale of grandeur 
in which they are executed, and the 
^neral tastefulness that marks the de- 
sign, together with the correct style 
of the elaborate detail, would do no- 
nour to a Cathedral : to witness such 
a specimen in a Parish Church, and 
that too at a period when one of 
the wealthiest Coll^ate Foundations 

* The organ was made by Nicholle, and comprizes the great orsaa, choir orgaa, and 
swell organ, containing S3 stops, and 1876 pipes, and is said to be toe most powerfid in- 
strament in London. Lit. GazetU.-^To its powers, and the graadenr of its tone, I can add 
mj testimony : bow finely did the sounds produced by it, reverbeiate along the vaulted 
roof when this noble instrument pealed forth the hundredth pealaB ! 

t A subscription has been set on foot to fill this extensive window wi^ paiated glass, 
from a design of a Scripture subject by Mr. Henry Sass. Lit Gaz* — Should the subserip- 
taoB be filled, I trust the gentleman alluded to will form bis design on the ancient plan. 
Occupied with olain glass, this window is &r fitmi ao oroaoBeBt, not filled with fiimleiident 
stained glass, wbataglorioos shew it will asaka oa eBStrbg the Qiuieh from the West! 


Church of St. Luke, Cheltea. 


in the Kingdom could bestow no better 
material on such a work than plaster, 
exceeds what even the most ardent 
admiferof the pointed styLe could have 

The screen is at present in an 
unfinished state^ and not defaced by 
any inscription; I wish I could add 
it never would ; the utter inutility of 
the custom of affixing the decalogue, 
&c. in such a situation ought to plead 
for i^ abrogation, especially since in 
so 'many instances the mere complying 
with the teller of the canon is deem- 
ed sufficient, as I could point out more 
Churches than one, in which, from the 
mode of inscribing the subjects, many 
of the congregation must be ignorant 
that they exist in such buildings. 

The centre division of the Church 
is roofed with stone from East to West. 
To the architect the highest praise is 
due for the boldness %vhich designed, 
and the talent that executed, this noble 
piece of masonry. Modern architects 
(withthe exception perhaps of Sir C. 
Wren) appear to have r^rded those 
masonic glories of the old race of ar- 
chitects, the vaulted roofs of our Ca* 
thedrals and oratories, as something 
above their comprehension ; it is not 
therefore a small share of praise that is 
due to the first architect who formed 
a modern work of this kind. The 
style of the vaulting is, however, full 
two centuries earlier than the build- 
ing ; the naye of Westminster Abbey 
seems to have been the prototype.-— 
{^rom each of the capitals of the small 
pillars before spoken of, as rising from 
one of the capitals of the ^reat cluster, 
spring nine ribs, divergmg as they 
spread over the vault, and meeting m 
tne centre the ribs of the. opposite 
cluster, one principal rib being con- 
tinued at the point of the arch along 
the whole surface: the various inter- 
sections are ornamented with carv- 
ed bosses, in the design of which 
there is, however, too much same- 
ness. That part of the roof immedi- 
ately above the altar is groined in a 
diftorent manner, the surface of the 
eove being filled with long panels, 
separated by arched ribs, springing 
from corbels, and crossing the Church 
from side to side ; the same is repeated 
above the orean : the corbels are all 
sculptured witn figures of angels, which 
at the altar are represented in the act 
of prayer, and over the organ appear 
to be chanting the hymn of praise; 

though these portions are well oLecutF* 
ed, tne conceit of varying the design 
is too novel to be admired : I believe 
it would be difficult to find any pre- 
cedent for a groined roof, which was 
not vaulted from one extreme end to 
another in an uniform plan. From 
the groined-roof depend three elegant 
brass chandeliers, suspended on gilt 

The pulpit is octangular, and stands 
on a frame work of pointed arches ; it 
is not wanting in ornament, but it falU 
short of the ancient oak carvings. 
The reading-desk, which is situated oa 
the opposite side of the nave, is simi- 
lar in design. The fronts of the gal- 
leries are set off with panelling, hav- 
ine cinquefoil heads, but wanting that 
boldness of relief which distinguishes 
the ancient specimens of carved wood- 
work ; to the altar-chairs the same re^ 
marks apply. 

The font is situated in the centre 
aile, near to the pulpit and reading- 
desk ; it is of an octangular form, and 
sustained on a pillar of the same shape. 
The different sides are panelled, each 
containing a shield in an enriched 
quatrefoil, aiid the pillar is orna- 
mented with upright panels. It is 
executed in marble, and as far aa 
1 could judge from the partial sight 
obtained through the openii^ ia the 
leathern cover, which js singularly 
enough kept over it, the carving a|v- 
pears to be highly deserving of praise. 
This is the last particular which is 
worthy of description in the Churchy 
and highly crediuble it is. to the pa- 
rish that the keeping of the building 
has been so finely preserved in every 
feature. An incongruous font, and a 
formal modern altar-piece, would have 
injured the design in the eyes pf every 
critical observer ; but here the general 
character of the edifice is so go€>d, that 
the faults are likely to be overlooked^ 
or at least viewed with milder feelingjs 
than in a building where the strict at^ 
tention to minor detail was less appa* 
rent than in the present. 

As your Engraving contains a par- 
tial view in the distance, it will per- 
haps excuse my lengthening this al- 
ready extended article, by a short no- 
tice of the 

Natioital Schools, 

whloh are situated in a piece of ground 
at the East side of the cemetery* Th^ 
first stone was laid by the Vicar« tfai!4 


Ptdkgrm ofUmS/mw Kim%. 


Rer. G. T. WclMej» D.D. ia Jdim 
1894*. The potnted HtW hat beta 
adopted on account of the contiguity 
of tne building to the pjirish Cburcn. 
It coQ^sts of a centre* with low wingp. 
The former bein^ the residencet of 
the Master and Mistress of the schools j 
each of their booses contains three 
floors, besides the sunk basement ; the 
windows are mnllioned, and the ele- 
vation of each finished by a grsble ; a 
large pointed arch connects the two. 
The wings are occupied by the schools ; 
they are each made by buttresses into 
five divisions containing obtusely arch- 
ed windows, with sweeping cornice ; 
each window has a sinsie mnllion di« 
versing at the head of the arch into a 
trefoil head. The interior is vaulted 
with brick, and whitewashed ; the 
roof is crossed by arched ribs, spring 
ing from pilasters against the walls in 
the intervak between the windows* 
Both of the principal fronts are alike. 
The erection is constructed of brick, 
and covered with cement, and when 
viewed from the West front of the 
Church, and as connected with thai 
edifice, it has not an unpleasant ap- 
pearance. £. I. C. 

Mr. Urban, Ncrihampton^MarehJ, 

THOUGH naturally averse from 
obtruding myself on the public, 
I feel impelled to make a few obser- 
vations on the article of *'Sir John 
Spencer/* in the last number of ** Mo- 
numental Remains.*' The editor says: 

<' There appetrt to bo do little diffieultj 
in deducing tne subject of the present ar- 
ticle in a direct line from the common an- 
cestor of the &mi]]r> owing to s confusion 
that prevails in the arrangement of the in- 
dividualt, and the appropriation of the al** 
liaaces^^The recent historian of North- 
amptonshin;, Mr. Baker, has acknowledged 
thcM discrepancies with great aandoor» and 
by giving three early pe^rees, as derived 
from tluree different sources, has enabled 
his readers to compare, at the saose time 
that he confesses his inability to reconcile, 
the conflicting statements* — For our own 
Darts, we should be iocliued to adopt the 
Harleian MS. No. 6135, and the rather, 
since it coincides, in all the main parti- 
cuhtrt, with one presenred in another pub- 
lic library, to wnich Mr. Baker does not 
appear to have referred. From these tare 
sources we aaprehend the following wuj be 
offered as totsnblj eorreet.'* 

* See VoL scrr. part i. p. MS. 

In the abteao^ of tajr ubnmL I 
can only coqieetorally apply the edi» 
tor's alluaioti to a pedigree hi tlie Asli» 
molean Museum i but the obvioiii 
construction of the paragraph* is that 
by collating the pedime wWh I k«d 
seen, with another which he supposed 
I had not seen, he had succeeded in 
compiling one more satis&ctory and 
correct; whereas, in point of fact, the 
one he has published is not so full at 
the Harleian MS. 6135, as printed by 
me, and does not vary from it in a aia^ 
gle descent, or even marriage. Aji the 
editor has taken credit for Hnprovti^ 
my pedigree, it would certainhr have 
been but fair and candid, if he had 

S'ven me credit for the deKiiption of 
le monument, especially of the he^ 
raldic position of it, which is copied 
verbatim, with the exception of a coo* 
pie of errors in transcribing. 

It is possible he might not, at th« 
time of writing, be aware he was cre- 
ating an unwarranted impiession in 
favour of his own research, at my ex- 
pence; but he shouM have reflected, 
that as a County Hbtory is a woik of 
no small labour and responsibility, tht 
diligence or research of its author 
ought not to be impeached on sKght 
or nntenable grounds. So far from 
being acfoated by any hostfle feelinK 
towards the ''Mommieotal Remains,* 
I am happy in bearing my humble tat» 
tifliony to its merits, both in the era- 
phie and literary departments, and no 
one wishes its success more sincerely 
than Q, Bakbr. 

Oir THB Origin, Proorbss, avd 
Results op STATxancAi. Ivqux- 
miBS m Irelavd. Br thb Rbt* 
JoBir Graham, A.M. 

fConiimted/rom p, 101.) 

THE forfeiture of land in Ireland, 
during the reign of King Charles 
the First and the usurpation of Cromr 
well, led to new surveys, and gave opr 
portuniiies of recruitii^ the British co- 
lonies in it. So early as the $4th of 
February, l642, whilst the RebeiUoa 
was raging, proposals were made to th« 
Parliament of Enffland for the speedy 
raising of money for the rediictiqn of 
Ireland. These proposals, which wm 
preserved in "Koshworth't CoUet^ 
tions,'' vol X. p. 39^ veif that m 
such persons as should be willing !• 
advance money for that acrfioe, shoold 

5206 ^ On Statittieai Inquiriet in Ireland. [Miarch 

be allotted, according to a certain pro- of those acres which should be forfeit 

portion, the Rebels' lands that should ed, were, by this Act, to be assignee 

oe confiscated ; which was approved of and divided amongst the adventurer 

by both Houses, and an Act passed ac- after the following proportion ; bogs 

cordingly, to which the King gave the woods, and barren mountains cast ii 

royal assent Two millions and a-half over and above. 

For each adventure of <£200 one thousand acres in Ulster. 

Pitto of SOO ditto in Connaught. 

Ditto of 450 ditto in Munster. 

Ditto of 600 ditto in Leinster. 

To be held in fee and common soc- After the Rebellion, a general Sur 

cage of the Crown, at one penny per vey of Ireland was made, under a Com 

acre, English measure. mis