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GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 

AND ■■ 

HISTORICAL, CHRONICLE. 

From JULY to DECEMBER, 1830. 

VOLUME C. 

(BEING THE TWENTY-THIRD OF A NEW SERIES) 

PART THE SECOND. 



PKODiaSE S< DELECfARE. ^^Se^-^^T E PLUBIBUS UNUM. 



y^^^ff.^ 



By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



llonDon : 

STHU BY J. B. NICHOLS AND SON, 2,1, PARLIAMENT S 
AND SOLD BY J(HIN HARRIS, 



••.----- 



• • • • •• 

• • "•• • • 

• k • • • • • 

• • • • • • 



• •• 
• t 



• -•• •• ••» ••• • ,- • •••• • 

• • • • • • •»••»• • • 



LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS. 



Design for an Altar-iereen in Sditbary Cathedral Frontisfibce. 

Roman Remains found un Lancing Down^ Sotsex paob 17 

Britbh Urn fbond at Stonringtoni Sussex (}ngneUO 18 

Ghnrch of TeffontEwyas, Wilts 105 

Whitby Abbey, Yorkshbe MS 

Lulworth Castle, Dorsetohire 901 

Antographs of the Boorbon &mily • • • 808, 4, 878 

Portrait of the celebrated Dr. Bentley «....809 

St. James's Church, Bermondsey, Surrey • 897 

Portrait of William Bulmer, esq • ..305 

Oldknd Chapel, co. Gloucester 393 

Nortli Aile of St. Mary's Church, Beverley 401 

Christ Church, Doneaster 489 

Repicsentations of some ancient Paintings m Baston HousCji Kent 497 

Manor House and Ruins of the Prioiy at Hinton Charterhouse, Somerset...... 577 

Pkn of the Norman Church at Langfbrd, Essex (hignettej • 585 



154828 



PREFACE. 



Im Ote preface to the Firat Part of the Hundbbdth Volume of our labours, 
review was taken of the longline of its predeeeaaors ; and such observations 
were made upon their contents as were consistent with modesty and truth. On 
kttaining a goal which few periodical works have ever reached, it waa impoasi- 
ble not to feel — and feeling, it would have been affectation to conceal — sensa- 
lioDs of ciultation at the almoat unprecedented success which haa attended our 
homble, but zealous, efforts foe the promotion of Historical, Antiquarian, and 
Biographical Literature. 

Success has not, however, induced us to relai our exertions. Thou^ 
UK liad the vanity to think that much was done, we were sensible that 
npntatioo is more difficult to prC9Erve than to acquire ; and that It la im- 
poaaiMe ta maintain the position in which we etond, without calling into action 
•il oar resources, and allowing the same zeal, the same moderation, and the 
Mine political principles, to influence our future conduct, which have procured 
for us the co-operation of our friends, and the favour of the public, in our long, 
iaobtmsire, and, we trust, useful career. 

For the fii^ time in the annata of the Gentleman's M^azine, a charge nf libel 
has been preferred against it ; and the proprietors have during the last six months 
been subjected to the expense and vexation of appearing in a Court of Justice, 
to vindicate themselves from the accusation. Upon this subject, however, we 
shall say little : silence best becomes the successful party, and it is ungenerous 
to tannt a feeble and vanquished enemy; but we may advert to the circum- 
•tuce, as evidence that old age has not impaired our energies, and that, though 
•crapolonsly carefiil to avoid wounding the feelings of others, we are as ready 
U the most vigorous of our contemporaries to spealc the truth, and to repress 
empirical arrogance. 

One circumstance peculiarly characterises this volume, in the new feature 
given to the work by the introduction of Classicai. coMSiiiNiCiTioNa. For this 
idea we were indebted to a gentleman of profound learning ; who, unlike many 
projectors, ha materiaiiy assisted ia carrying his own design into execution, 
since many valuable papers on that subject are from his pen; and he has thus 
itimnlated other correspondents to enter an arena which affords room for the 
display of one of the highest branches of intellectual attainments. 

In the political world changes have recently taken place of too important a 
nature to he passed over in silence. To Ministers who governed the country 
upon principles which, though acceptable to the wealthy and the powerful, be- 
cwne ^ndually more and more obnoxious to less favoured classes, has succeeded 
a Cabinet which may be cooaidered the representatives of Ubei^ o'^mvo&a. 



iv PREFACE. 

Their accession to office has as yet been too recent to be productive of more 
than an abundance of flattering promises, from which we augur the happiest 
results. Without ascribing to those personages all the qualities which their 
adherents claim for them, the uniform consistency and high character of the 
Premier, and the extraordinary talents of many of his colleagues, justify a re- 
liance upon their capacity to remedy existing evils. For their dispontion to do so 
there is this security, that as a Cabinet they owe their creation to public opi- 
nion, and the moment they fail in realizing the just expectations they have 
raised, by seeking support from the aristocraey instead of the people — by which 
expression we mean the middle class — ^that moment will be the last of their 
ministerial existence. Possessed, therefore, of the confidence of the country, 
and powerful in the strength of their own talents, we feel justified in antici- 
pating from their measures those improvements. which the effects of time, and 
the progress of knowledge unperatively require. If those changes have not the 
immediate result of producing all that could be desired, they will at least tend 
to tranquillize the present agitated state of things, by imparting a unanimity of 
feeling, and by causing the advocates of amendment to direct their hopes to 
the legitimate quartet, instead of looking for the attainment of their wishes to 
political meetings, which have too often produced that which they ostensibly 
seek to prevent. 

But the present Ministers excite hopes upon another and to us ex- 
tremely interesting subject. It has long been a disgrace to England, that 
Science and Literature receive slight encouragement from the Government, 
compared with the fostering care which they meet with in other countries; 
and for the want of which, in the present deteriorated state of the public 
taste, standard Literature has almost disappe-ared, whilst in Science we 
are far behind our continental neighbours. At no former period were there so 
many persons in office who are known to the world by their literary produc- 
tions ; and under the auspices of a Brougham and a Mackintosh, aided by 
such of their colleagues as have sought that permanent fame which letters, and 
letters only, confer, we are sanguine in believing that something worthy of so 
literary an Administration will be done to remove this stigma from the national 
character. 

For ourselves we have little to add. It is our earnest intention to continue 
in the path which we have trod, with 3tm but quiet steps, for an entire cen- 
tury. We purpose, with the assistance of the proud list of patrons and friends 
to whom we are so eminently indebted, to adhere to those principles, to promote 
those valuable departments of knowledge, and to display that moderation and 
consistency which have procured us the highest objects of human ambition — the 
approbation of the good, and the applause of the wise* 

Dec. 31, 1830. 



.^ QjL 

THE '^ 

GENTLEMANS MAGAZINE.! 




1 

sit 





3 


Hh^k 


HI 






JULY, 1830. 



K-^ 






Susi 



[PLiBL(SI!En 
Orfgirial d)inmiinicacian#. 

CfinREirOHDCKCE 1 

t KingduiD of Ylli, in BrlUnii; a 

[ha Ereclioa uf Brldgu 4 



Dr*i>i 



AUGUST, 1830.] 

Egjpilu Anilqiiltlet at Liverpool 4: 

MuxjUMn'i nwMot Conrfllinnof ihe Counti) 4' 
CunnbKhiiin'. L;v.^< ,>r Btlltili Stutpun. ..4 
nlPh;ioiu|.hy.-.,...5i 



AlMi Sclrin fur Stlilbur; C.lhednl S 

Oa thfl lovmcino of L^tleri i7>. 

AawdoM af Rt*. W. t)ui>gl., inri lyl.NclsoD 1 9 
Oa Billion Sumnsr'i " Apoitalie Fituhine"! a 
" ' - if Z.ch.ri.h, -t. xil .ib. 



. nrS.mu«I W 



Tim lut Duchui .,r Wlurlnn IC 

LIidd'i Pueiietl Dmciiptioa iif Death iL: 

DiniD Rfm»m< ou Lanctiiff Do«n,SuUex*. 17 
'iti>l> Cm fuund it Sturiiu]:(an, Suiiei. . . IS 

Account of BigulcitiuJc, cu. Bodrocd .ID 

Scupt fruin ■ Ni.tn-buok ia 

|0q Chutcli Belli .25 

nioviB;( t)i« Screen io Ynrk CMl>al»l . .97 

Cla^ticat 31 1 tE cam It. 

BMiop Monk'* Life uf Bautley 38 

On M.c»rnoic Poctir S4 

r.-. Leticnn.— B>OBrm|>h}aFScl>»Wi..SG 



llcbictD of Jjlru) 9ubIJcaiion;<. 

• rij'Hl*. ViDdlotion of Pliny 

Dugdils'i Munutlcaii AnglictDUin 

EmUllitlitd oith ■ Dftico fur ii 

RipKieotuiool of lume Houah 

And ■ Skilch of s BniTiiK 



-0 uf 1n<I 



!ul™iu, vol. xiiii, p»rt 1- 

>'■ Letter to l^rd Moiintmhel.. 
!r'» EcL-tniuticil Polity 



Dr. Smith on Medlral WituiKi.. 
Marehud'iDiiluDuei on Religion 
Jigu oil CommuMtiuii of Tilh« . 
A i"i>t'>l!c Citech ii I 



Ai"i>t'>IicCitech<9in.. . . 
Miicclltneniu Kliieio. . 

FiBB Ai.rs 

LTtenr; latelliiieDDe 



ANTigumiiii 

SiLlCT FotTiiv 

(firiCocical tfbcdnicir. 



Foreign 1 



-M«i 



.■7t 



Obituary i -ith Memoir, of hie Majutr 
Kiou Qeorn the Fuurthi Gen. M«Hck ; 
Wm. Etemi. Mq. : J. HemnioDd; oq., Mr. 
Fred. Albert WiDiuii Mr. Joha Nicknn...?? 
Bill of MurtalitT. — Muketa, 9*. — Sbwci 9b 
Meteorolojrlcil Diirj.— Prieei of Sloeka . . .9G 
1 SCHEEN It SjlLIIDURV Catiiidrjii. ; 
\i found uu Luiciva Dqwh. Suitei ; 
Fuund >t Stormx^oh, SuHei. 



By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gei 



[ « ] 



MIKOR CORRESPONDENGE. 



CtERicut says. *' An »ble charge hat 
T»ren receotly delivered to the Clergv of the 
p!o€ete of Hereford by Mr. Arciideaeon 
Wetherell on the suhjeel of Church repairs. 
With one item I wm i-articularly struck, and 
think that it has so important a bearing upon 
a very common act of barbarism in tht re- 
pairs of our Churches, that it ought to hm 
generally known. Every man of taste feelii 
that to deprive a Gothic window of its muU 
lioos and tracery, ia to spoil it» by makins a 
mere pigeon hole of the orifice. T1ieArcK« 
deacon observed, that under dceay of the 
mullions it was very cnmmoD for a carpenter 
to sabstitute mere oaken uprighu ; wlitreat 
by obtaining only some free-stmie, a nionii- 
menUl sculptor could easily aupply new md- 
li«>ns in fac simile. He accordingly rtcom- 
mends the Clergy to use their ntaaft ex- 
ertions to prevent disfigurement rif the 
Churches, in the particular alluded to, and 
all others fas far as circumstances permit) 
which imply unseemly and irrelevant iiintr- 
vations. In my own case, I cm attest that 
I stopi-ed the insertion of a common wooden 
frame in a niudow of my own Church, and 
caused a suitable one of Gothic muHionsi 
accordant with the other windows in |)attern, 
to l»e put up ; and that it was well executed 
by a tomb-stone carver for the humble sum 
of two guineas.*' 

Various paragraphs hs\ ing appeared in some 
daily Journals relative to the Articles of En- 
quiry sent by direction of the Bishop of 
London to the Churchwardens of each parish 
within the Diocese, previous to the Viniu • 
tion which he has lately holden ; we think 
it but justice to his Lordship to state, that 
we are informed upon good authority that 
juch Articles are invariably sent to Church- 
wardens previous to every Visitation, in con- 
formity with the 1 1 9th Canon, and that those 
now used are (with the exception of some 
few omissions) the same as tht Articles 
issued by the Archbishop of Cantcrburyi 
and which were drawn up by two most emi- 
nent civilians. 

Miss Tate's Alms-houses at Mitcham 
(of which we gave a vit w in nart i. p. fiOl) 
were endowed by Miss Tate, for widows or 
unuiarried women of respectable character, 
and members of the Cnurch of England. 
li is necessary that the women sliall have a 
legal settlement at Mitcham, and they 
should have resided there five years; be 
fifty years old or upwards ; and not have 
received parochial reiiif within five years of 
thtir admission. There is no allowance for 
fuel, nor any beyond three shillings a week. 
Tlii preseDt trustets are the Vicar, the Rev. 



J. H. Mapleton, Sir J. W. Lubbock, BarC 
G. M. Hoare, esq. and W. Simpson, esq ; 
liut Miss Tate has reserved the »ppointnsent 
of the women during her own life. 

Mr. Mauoen informs us, ** By the lil>e- 
rality of Mr. Hamper, the tru»tees of the 
British Museum are now in posnession of 
another impression of the Evrtham seal, 
which supplies tlie deficiencies of the one 
noticed by me in your Magazine. Tlie word* 
** AisT WAS swoN,'* (sec Part i. pp. a 10, 
8.99.) are here so clear, as to leave no 
donbt as to the |>n»priety of the legend, 
which, I think, may now be consigned to 
fiiturSty, without afiprehension of attracting 
anj further commentaries on it." 

In answer to the Inquiry of Eclecticds, 
we l)eg to state, thsil? the panssge quoted by 
the Reviewer of Moore*s Life of Byn»n, 
p. 150, is takeA from a volume of posthu- 
mous Sermons by the Rev. Dr. 'ames Lind- 
say,, of Bow, a volume dibtinguisihed for the 
elegauce of its style and for the elevated 
tone of its piety. We believe it was printed 
by suliscription. 

A YoRK^^H nE Collector states, "It 
must grati^ every collector of Topography 
to be informed, that two plates were pub- 
lished of the Scaffolding employed to re- 
store Beverley Minister to its per|>endicular 
Tsee part i. p. 590] : they are folio sizcy 
Thoriiton iov. Gcldart del. Fourdrinier 
sculp. May \7, 1739. One is a * View of 
the north front of the great Cross Islet 
which overhung four feet beyond its liase, 
and was brought hack ibt4» its place by 
means of the timber frame here described.' 
Tlie other is a * Section of the Trusses and 
Building. When the trusses were fixed on 
both sides, the wall was cut to the centre, 
level with the base of the said trussfs, that 
it might give way upon the raising the 
whole machinery, and so come into its place ; 
and was in the mesn time sup|Mirted by se- 
veral wedges, which were gradually taken 
out as the building came Itack into its 
place.' The prints very satis&cturily ex- 
plain the uatuie of the machinery used, 
which has always been much admired as a 
most ingenious contrivance. 



ft 



ERRATA—Part i. p. 493, fir *« an only 
daughter," read ** an only daughter Mary /* 
^-fir ** he afterwards perished in the cause 
which he had espoused," read ** he was the 
<* Kind's General in the West," fell after- 
wards mto disgrace, and died at Ghent, an 
exile from the Ctmrt ;"—^/br ** the often 
contracted Lady Gertrude," read ** the often 
contracted Mary Fytx." 



THE 

GEXTLEMANS MAGAZINE. 



JULY, 1830. 



ORIGINAI. COMMUNICATIONS. 



NaTICU of THB ANCIESiT KiNCDOM OF YlLI IN BrITANMY. 

„ „ Si. Seman, France, N. E. of Biret, ami a pan of it siilt 

MlUSMH, Am* 25. beat, llie name of Li/iien. il.ove. 

AMONG lU miny pincipaliiie. >«"""n"i. So il.a, ihe pulaw ofklng 

.a.i. »liich Armoiiw «« divid. Ausoeliui may bes.fcly placed aiTre- 

«l. .f.« Ihc depar.ore of .lie Rom^in. 8"""'"-. , , „„. . ^ 

.».l under .h<rU...ish cohniioMo. The kingdom of VILeonumerfonly 

wMo« which bote ihen»i..e of Ylli. "vcmeen villagM, >i> .he time of Cle- 

U. in»«)ific4Dce miahi ha « excluded "«*. = valmni monarch, «ho i. said 

uf<o.uhi««ty. buifctlLematti^Rrcif '<> I'^vc been twice cto«neil with 

one of ■•« t'l'nc'-" '" » '''"S ^^ Bri- ^ "I' "' vvrealhed U.irel. He had 

«oi.j. He..c« il ho. become au oU- lhr« jon,. each of « mm had a re- 

j«. of inquiry to Bt^.on .n.iqi.arie., markable.mptessmnon ti.e t.i^hi.hnd. 

.bo are no. agreed u,«.n it. geog.a- der; .he eljle.l a b"w, ihe «cood a 

pl.ie.l.itoa.ion7 some placing .1 ..ear .|««r'. head, and .lie .hi.d a.^otHj 

&«l,i«. .nd mher. ™nraoi.diog .i « 'i<^h Jeno.ed .heir -..litaty renown. 

Ktlll < d.Betenl Mi.e. ^'"S' """^ ''"* '"°"° »" '■"" '^"1^.. 

M. M-orcte dc Ketdanei, the first Caranlei e peb an.wr. 

"taK ■(chsol affix of Uiilanny, has e peb hxn. Iraldet. 

Qiibed a litile .tact on .he luhjccl, ChaiJIy at all tinitj. 

■bkh he consider, .lie queitioa at Hvnour in every way. 

BlI* ''*^ . , . J 1. Clerod was succeeded hy hii er.nil- 

-'n..wotd.ofl..gom.r.a.nuoiedby ,„„ Hilpet.lt, or Ihe Gloimy. Af.er 

Mdticr. .ppear .o |.oin. out the him ttitntii his M)n Ausocli. who i> 

mtmuiK, of Ylb. -r thev can be .n.i.- ,,„„„„ f„ f^- „ .^^ ^aiher of ihe 

ftdorily "pUined- He .ay». ihJt beau.iful Pradeif or Prilell,* During 

Kills Au«chu.. dwelt >n caput l.l- ^i, absence at a neisHbourioB court* 

(•'u Mi^'.t. A paru ortirfen/u/i. in j, happened .hat Judual. Prince of 

tnk, tji.td. in coamtndahont I lit. lJu„„oni^_^. ^ho lud l.»l hi. wav in 

InmrJ.ev.lLalMi.fOBi'lieniAKiumea... i,unlinR. atrived at the palace. 'He 

SMni»™("rt".«Wy.«ni»eriiiginllie ^^^ ,„„p^ ^1,^ ,he charn.. of .he 

'eion w"rd QoemtnrI ; and tiurmcael pr,„cem, and the aanie nieht lie snw her 

Ylli. -..actually .he name of acanion [magemad.eam.iurfttunded wiih «ea- 

of lomtt Bri.inny. in .lie dp.iticl of p„n,„rwar. The omen might betoken 

Ltam. or nutihein part of ^.e present ,|iai ihehidy'slutid mntt bcioi.ghi iti 
ilei»fim«nt of Finiiietre. 1 hi. coon- n^ ,^^ c,„„priw. ; but the lovet did 

ity coni.iued a bi.hopr.B and two not deipair ; he cnnsulied ihe butd and 

.ubort.nJle d.ocetf,, ot itch.d.aco. prophet Tholo.in. ,on of Onis. who 

iwei. namely ^c* (Ul. .rfK.nf«.0- dwelt in the pinimula of Rhui*;! by 

»ia Q««iirM«- Yili. I he chief place „[,om he wa, told, thai ihe i.si.e of the 

of ihji Utier di.iiion wai rrrglira«/«. marriage ivnuM be a warlike ion 

Bf amily^homr.i w calle.1 because EncouraRed by thiienpUn.iion. he de- 

ihe tohabiutits of PUmliher found re- landed and obtained the hami of the 

-_ .._. _. ... a raginit ?,,„(.„,; ihejr matriaee i. placed in 

leago-. : 

_^ • I'tidd, orij. previoui. Wel.h Did. 

« NMia iiir U IU.)4UIM d'YIIi. 18di>. t The Noilb-Eultrn put of Biitinfi 

|B. 10 FriBUdf'iiDuvlioH, ■iR'ruia. Mr.TurnrT coniirltti >I u ttia refuge urtli* 

t H. Mi«*« renders ihl. "tird (rte * e.ile. from Onwuftirt. 

■ ' 1 Oppoiiie Quibeiim, nn ike inut^itn 

cwc ofBiitinoy. An Abtw^ •« bAioMfc 
if.»« t.> St. Qlldu. ~^m 




jlnvienl Kingdom c/'YUi. — On Bridget.' 



[July. 



the yf.ir 5Q0. The same Judual is 
railed Hoel ill. by some writers; he 
extended his dominion, says M. Oe- 
laporie, over nearly the whole of Bri- 
tanny, which is panly accounted for 
by his marriage wiih the heiress of 
Ylli. He took the lille of king. The 
historian just quotetl throws no light 
on the n^arriage, but merely says, ** he 
espoused Praielle, by whom he had 
several children." 

Jiidual died about 6S0. His son 
and successor was the celebrated Judi- 
cail, whom tradition represents as a . 
match for the sloiKciit antagonist when 
a boy, but who shines in history as a 
very amiable character.* He married 
Moron, daughter of Even, King of 
Ach. One of his sons, named Arnec, 
was bishop of the little diocese. It ■ 
seems that he resigned it in favonr of 
St. Vigan, his neighbour. The legend 
sjy^, that he promised him as much 
territory as he couid traverse, while he . 
himself was asleep. Arocc betook 
himself to slumber, and Vigan mount- 
ed his horse: but it was on the steeple 
of St. Eloi, between Landerneau and 
Lesneven ; and taking a spring from 
thence, he traversed the whole of the 
diocese in the air before Arnec awoke, 
and it was accordingly ceded to him. 

The kingdom appears to have revert- 
ed to temporal princes, for Argan, or 
Arastan, reigned in the timcofChar- 
lemagne. (it might be an apanage.) 
This prince accompanied Charles in 
his expeditions, was distingui>hed as a 
soldier, and fell at Roncevaux in 77B.f 
His exploits were a favourite theme of 
the Breton Troubadours. His succes- 
sor was Prinitis, of whom nothing is 
recorded, or indeed of any later sove- 
reign. 

It has escaped the keen antiquary of 
Les Toureiles, that Ylli is a word 
meaning a division, or something 
parted o(F.| It is natural to suppose 
that this little kingdom had been de- 
tached from some other, and thence 
obtained its name. Too insignificant 
to be an object oT cu] i iity, and no 
larger than an En^lisii ii(J)i(MiiHti*s 

* See Mr. Turner's ski tch <»f i5ret«»n his- 
tory, in tile first and fiMirth editions of his 
History of the Anglo Saxons. 

+ M. Miorcee adds, ** Lo Tasse T* cel^- 
br^ dans la J^^rusalem. I) a extrait ce qu'il 
en dlt de Tarchev^que Turpio^ conteiiipDraio 
d'Argan." 

t Yll 8. m. that tends to part. Yllt, a 
rent. — Welsh Diet. Lysien has a simljar 
mitr^ctttton : — Uy», 8. 2D. tbit 8«pariites. 



property, it may have experienced 
more happiness than larger states, 
where kings can only see with the 
eyes of ministers. That it should have 
remained unconquered in those turbu- 
lent times, supposes patriotism in the 
inhabitants, aflection towards their 
chiefs, and a propitious course of cir- 
cum!>taiices. The name of Trrgarari' 
tec speaks hishly for the character of 
the people, and is no trivial instance 
of the value of etymology in coirobo- 
rating history. It is |>03siblc that a 
diligent search of the early Welsh 
Bards may throw some light on the 
events of this interesting little king- 
dom, or on the names of its princes. 

Cydweli. 



Mr. Urban, Jw/y 20. 

BEING resident bcttveen the Se- 
vern and the Wve, 1 ha%'e often 
observed the injury and inconvenience 
sustained by the neighbourhood, for 
want of a bridge over the Severn at 
Newnham ; traxellers in carriages being 
compelled to go round either by Glou- 
cester or the Old Passage, from twenty 
or more miles out of their way, if their 
direction be the opposite populous 
country, and the parts beyond. I have 
therefore collected, for the information 
of my neighbours, various matters con- 
cerning bridges, which I think it may 
be amusing and useful to lay before 
the public, as they do not apply to a 
particular ca^e only. 

It is well known that the erection 
of bridges has become so exceedingly 
expensive, and so accompanied witn 
heavy loss to the shareholders, that a 
virtual prohibition exists to the in- 
crease of such conveniences, except 
at the public cost. Nevertheless, I l>eg 
to premise, that 1 am not such a Vandal 
{18 to object to stone bridges, chain 
bridges, or any frs/ihinas, where they 
can be afforded; only that where they 
cannot be afforded, expense is not to 
bo doctrinal against convenience; stones 
;ind mortar ag.iinst ten per cent.; faci- 
lity of conimunienlion, which aug- 
ments conmierce and the value of es- 
tate?, against mereoul«;icIc show. But 
more money gained will cause money 
lo be spent. The connlry, whifeh 
has exhibited the best modes of en- 
countering the difficulty is America; 
and though many of their expedients 
arc loo lude for adoption here, yet 
there are others which mcri( attenliQ^i.: r 

In the first place, then, I v^ould ob- ^ 



Sn Iht ffrM/iM oj Brldfei 




ilinl ihe wowlen bridge 

•y (i.iyt ten prr ceiil.,a»d ihat 

elKiliJcrt a few yf»n nen wiw- 

ril the conxmon ot it into 

. becuiiic, in public convenience 

was lerveil ivithoul it, ihey ww norel- 

urn wUj ihtir privaie prnperiy wm Io 

iHffer fur ilie «ike nf a good job. 

" B>il iignneii 11 BtiiiJlbls, rnr Colonel Bjr 
)iu rraclp-l ■ IvitiUflil Kt/ednfrBntr iriige 
uvET tha Bif Katlle in CuimU."— JVec Tog- 
gart'i Ciuiiii/ii, i. 847. 

Of ihehopelets proceed) or Mone and 
iion brides, ihe fuHowinf! table, I'lken 
from yriur MLizazine fnr May, 1830, p. 
470, W'"* " melancholy (ale : 
BKIDGES^ "gf^^^ 



Do. NB-7ip«<:. 
V.u>h*II . . . 
Wucrloo . . . 



irGtxerninent would make a Hona 
linn of limber from the nciglibonrinf 
forest ofDeaii, iheexjwnw ofa wooder 
liridiie ai Neiviihiim would be ver^ 
considerably rediieeil. 

TheiiKlispenBiilileexjKnieorachaii 
bridge bai been very niiichensggerdteit 
Mr. MacTaggati, a gov eminent engi 



lin lici<tge [a itntch >c 
fiuoi C'lipe Ditraond tg 



i( Iba St. 



>tt«iidii>g>iiDhiDini' 
n>iiing.oci«, might 
}00/.: nothing lew, 

Canada,'yijl.\.'p. 31S. 

Now, the breaillh of the water way 

*' ' - - 'i full tide is, according 

irigonnnielriciil adnieaiurrnieni, 

SfiUyardii, and.nfcutjrtr, but thelhiid 

' I milenndeighiy yordanvrr. Divide 

[VMi. by 3, mid upon Mr. MacTds- 

gari't esliniale, a bridge roiilil be built 

arrow the Scrern at Newnham fot 

I3,330(. Two, oTatmiKi\hTce,\;wt^ 

ivoultl be enotigh. 



Bridge over the Severn at Nemnham. 



[July; 



as regards Newnhiin, it that no rocky 
bottom it to be round, except at such 
a depth that piles are astless, and the 
•ubbtitule mutt he sunk rock ; and as- 
to floating piers, there being no depth 
of water, as in the Saint Lawrence, the 
navigation of the river would be ini- 

KKled, and falls, as at Old London 
ridge, be created. " Dig till you 
come to the solid ground,"* is certainly 
an ancient and sound architectural 
adage, and taking the main opening 
(580 feel) of the famous Suspension 
Bridge over the Menai for a standard, 
three piers would be required. But, 
whatever may be the hazard attached 
to a sandy foundation, it is certain that 
it has been counteracted without exca- 
vation down to rock. Pliny (xxxvi. 14) 
informs us, that the famous temple of 
the Ephesian Diana was founded in a 
marshy soil to guard against earth- 
quakes, and that the foundations might 
not be laid in slippery ground, ** calca- 
tis ea [fundamenia] cjrbonibus, dein 
velleribus lanoe, substravere ;'* i. e. they 
underlaid the foundaliotit with trodden 
C9ai§, afterwards with fleeces of wool ; 
whence no doubt came the legend that 
London Bridge was built u|M)n wool- 
sacks. This temple was in existence 
long after the time of St. Paul. Alex- 
ander, when he wanted to pass the 
Arosis, demolished the villages, and, 
laying the materials on blocks of stone, 
promptly formed a bridge. (Pratt's Q. 
Curt. ii. 30). Nor does it appear to be 
the fact, that where there is an inter- 
vening artificial sound stratum, the 
substratum beneath is of much mo- 
ment, for Alberti says, you may light 
upon a country like that of the Adria- 
tic and Venice, where, under the eon* 
fe«/t/ta, you can find almost nothing 
ut . loose mud ( soiutu m Hmum ). ( De 
re«difieat. fol. xxxii. b.) Our ances- 
tors teem to have acted in this way by 
making their starlings. 

** The origiosl Cauodatioa of OU Loadon 
Bridge appears to have been laid at lev wa- 
ter, as the heads of the small piles were a 
little above that level ; they were chiefly of 
eln, and driven in three rows, all round the 
sidce and ends of the plen, about six or 
seven feet deep, and ten inches square, upon 
an avenge. Between these piles a quantity 
of loose rubble stones were laid without ce- 
ment, and upon this were bedded three strong 
sleepers, about 9 1 inches wide and 9 thick. 

* '< At vetf res, quod fiMittum et felix tit, 
Ibdito Saqniunt usqiwdum solidam taveniaa.*' 
^jgOmsi de r$ mdifieat. fiL xxaiiU 



This timber was perfectly sound after the 
lapse of now above six eenturies, and proven 
a strong practical instance of the preserva- 
tion of wood under water, when uneaposadr 
to the action of air.*'— i^rcA^so/. xxiii. 1 8. 

In building our ancient bridges, the 
custom was to turn the water-course, 
make starlings, and upon them raisef 
the piers ; and if they had sunk their 
starlings to low- water level, and not 
made their piers unnecessarily thick, 
there would have been no (alls. It 
does not appear, from the London or 
Bristol old bridges, that they piled un" 
der the starlings. (See Seyer's Bristol.) 
Nor is it at all probable, quick as are 
the sands of the Severn, and various' 
other sands, that a superstructure raised 
upon the hull of the Royal George, the 
Rother-ship, or a Severn trow bedded 
in sand, would subside much from the 
superincumbent weight ; for Vauxhall 
bridge has its piers laid in boxes. As 
to the Severn, the experiment could 
be easily made by examining the depth 
to which the causeway on the Arling*' 
ham side, use<l from time immemorial^ 
has subsided ; and furthermore, the ford 
at low water for carriages has been 
used from time immemorial, so that it 
can never have been undermined, and 
must be firm enough for a timber- 
bridge, or an artificial bed of stone laid 
upon it. In excavation, the A me* 
r^can mode is twice as cheap as the 
English, both in bridge and canal- * 
making. Instead of human labour be- 
ing employed in (/rggtng', ate;«m or two ' 
ploughs the surface with a very strong 
plough, the men remove the earth as 
last as it is turned up ; they then plough 
ajcain, and so continue the process (if 
the stratum be not rocky) till the job is 
completed. 

A briiige at Newnham, unless sop- 
ported by Government (and in all na- 
tions except this, such public works 
are so supported,) is, however, not like- 
\y to find patronage. The people of 
Gloucester and the Old and New Pas- 
sages, have a strong interest in op- 
posing snch a measure ; but there is no 
reasonable objection to a double-boat 
ferry like that used at Philadelphia, 
and the profits of such a convenience 
might form a fair criterion as to the " 
pruilence of ulterior measures. There 
are turnpike roads in communicatioa ' 
on^ both sides, and no approaches re^ 
quired, nor acts of parliament, nor any ' 
outlay except that which does not re- 
quire serious consideration. Indeed one 
f>r more patriotic noblemeti or geotle- 



i8to.-] 



llalian Drama al Parii.—Aijieri't I'layi. 



[T»IMW 



Hi>j(lii, by «>i »i]r lahsciipiion, 
I niidtl anil full working; ilciCTiji- 
tcail fxim Plitl.iildphid, and \if 
of itie prapcieloT uf llie (enj, art 
ittiirsa (uiiig. 'I'lie lecrri coiiiUu 
.'MKliing mote iluii i>va birRcs, wiih 
1 wm or plairutiii, fti>»T(lril lif rails, 
*«■] liitniiiijt a mttratilr btiilftr. which 
nay Iw lioiiLci] iin lo picri or (|i)i>y). 

Haling tiBtvJ |ila<n naiieri of fttet, 
1 Oi. iiai >rc why i^iii^lishnieii m lii.n- 
l^nil camtui bt at wite ai Anftlo-Aiiie- 

bcMUM ibrj RiBjr hrchcnp; in ihori, 
I jffiim Il>al by ihc Philaddphlan con- 
tliuclioii of double fcrty-lKMrs, llieimr- 
p«ar* of a bridge may, in g rrry ample 
nKDi, be rxuiplirtcJ si Nrwnham, 
to the ginil crriilual btlitfH of the 
lovrn. lUe country, an<l ihe public at 
lar;;*. We borrOMctJ our iieim-bonii 
ftuui ihe Aincricini, why no 



«r \ 



r^ble. 



} la 



will >l 



'oStt any public e. 

tirr lo Iw pimcclfd, if il be jMttible lo 

NKHii expellee, and iheir plea ii na- 
il nrnaniFni. Their nir* is joil, if 
(uihl* eon be offwM, but it li 



tiidn toc*li>ta in Lhe French capiiih 
they commenced iheir reprtieniaiion* 
on Tuesday Uii (6ih July.) with Rei- 
munda,!) ira^nly in fine arts, by Altieii; 
followcJ by La eata dttaliilala, a farce 
in one Bti by ihe Cuimt GiramI, an 
llalian by biiih, buiof French detceni. 
It i* worlby of remark, ihal Alfieri'i 
plnyi are tetdoni allnwed lo be p«r- 
fornipd in Ilaly; and from lhe tenii- 
men'i which |)Civ»de Ibtiii, it can 
hardly be (npiKttcd ihM ihe French 
GuTcrnnienl would sufTcr Ihem in be 
rF|ire*eliled in a translation, Alfieri, 

tembled Lord Qyron ; he idrniifirt 
tyranny with almost eveiy act of every 
government, and is unsp.iring in hit 
cundenination of ihosc public chnrie- 
lirrs who Tall under his lash. His siinng 
unqua1iRe<l lungnage is In cnntrijuence 
scarcely fit fonheairieal publication in 
the vulgar Inn^ue of nny cnnn'iy ; nod 
however the French lilrruii might wish 
to excuse lhe boldness i>[ his slyle, and 
Lhe free ipirii of his writings, ibey caii- 






aiher iiiconD*T»'m( I 



IhM if 

fMurticiion canaol it affhrdtH, the 
pMtufrM|ue supplies the useful wUhout 
M fftl.lk a/l/u ca,l i and thai lhe pub- 
lic eoiiteiiierice is not nut onfihi in be 
luiptdcil, liec<u«e a man will obsiruct 
your haling a piciuroque dwellmg- 
■"" "" ' yon uerihce almmt all 



)«■ < 



p-l« 



lake il 



laruiir of lhe picturrsi^uc nr Gnihic 
•tyle, that no oiber style iiiists nr har- 
uiooisti with lsndsra|>e. In theGuihic, 
itierc are teauliful, pielurntfut, and 
(Arap tiiodet ol iinpintcinfiii, and ec- 
cording'^ it is now a pti-vailing fa»hian 
loCoibiciae rurul di<ellinjt>. Such a 
style m^uitti lar leu snctilices of mo- 
ney, nud faw or no iJeinoliiioiis j 
whereas ifae Gtcci.m, nulr>s it be 
iputlcd, 'leuiands both as lo buildings 
not wlHilly new. The Crerion style, 
iherefure, lot persons of tuoderiiie for- 
tune numseitriuiicly ohsiructt the na- 
nuMil ornamenl than hert and ihirfaa 
Diptn-iic fabric iuiprovt* it. 

Yours, 8c€. Ax EcottoMKT. 



Mr. U-BAK. Pa'i,,Julf9- 

~pHE Italian Thespians, i nif'tiDii 
mli, haie succeeded ihf Crr- 



lhe Indian |>erfnri 
lirMluclinn of such a wriit-r, Tht Cor- 
tnitt nWrvcs, thai if his satire, the 
Mho-GallB, hiii\ been read in ihc pit, 
noi an individunl would have remained 
in the house. Wilh such Jirerenliotlli 
lhe aierils of the Itilian drama cannot 
be juiily apprrciatrd in I'uiis, nniil the 
works of same other auihots have been 

A le.iding characierisiic ofAllieri't 
iragediei is, that inslcad of displaying 
lhe scLion ujioii which his drama it 
founded, he produces long colloquial 
deicripiions of some strong p«sion. 
Threats are held oui, curses denounced, 
and reproaches vented, with timhing 
10 relieve ihe monoiony of the convci- 
sniioii. Shahs|>e»(e has bren blanicd 
by our classical neighbours, for de- 
scending suddenly from ilie hi);h pilch 
of liagic suUhiniiy lo the low merri- 
ment of a furcc : those, however, who 
make this objection, fntget that such ■ 
liausilion isofien necessary to prevent 
the slleiilion from flagging. The in- 
iiodiiclion of comic tcenct frtquenily 
enable* the spectator lo become bciiet 
acijuainHid with lhe progress of the uar- 
raiiire ihau hecould be by ihedecTama- 
tioiis and soliloquies of^ihe principal 
petiona^ni and while U h itdi»iuic& 
as a iraitm, ihit iftlitVY \tv tVn 




Italian Drama at Paris. 



awhile well arranged lights and shades 
are necessary to produce a fine effect in 
patming, an admirer of Shaks|)eare is 
justihed in maintaining by analogy, 
Ihat the pathos and dignity of his poel 
Ileal scenes are uninjured by their juxta 
position wiih comic dialogues: 

" Ewjh gives to each a double charm. 
Like pearl's upon an Ethio])'s arm." 

But to return to Rosmunda, which 
by the way was Alficri's favourite pro- 
duction, although it is generally consi- 
dered inferior to his other pieces. 
Many persons who had never read the 
Italian author, but who were in some 
degree familiar with English history, 
attended lUc Salie Favari, folly expect- 
ing to see the enraged Queen of Henry 
11. give full scope to her jealousy on 
the beautiful Rosamond Clifford. It 
IS, however, the daughter of a King of 
Lombardy who is so called : she has 
been comoelled to marry Alhoin, who 
had murcfered her father ^ she has ex- 
cited an officer named Amalchide to 
dispatch him, and in recompense has 
given him her hand, and the crown of 
Lombardy. A Iboin has left a daughter 
by his first wife; she is named Ro- 
milda, and Rosmunda discovers that 
her husband Amalchide has fixed his 
affections on her, while she is devoted 
to Ildovaldo. Rosmunda wishes to 
have her step-daughter assassinated, 
and being unable to accomplish that 
cruel purpose, she at last dispatches her 
with her own hand. Ildovaldo and 
Amalchide, like most rivals, are in full 
effervescence; and to render the con- 
flict of their passions more intricate, 
Amalchide is indebted to Ildovaldo 
for having saved his life in battle. 
When the lovelv object of their strife 
It lost to them both, by the vindictive 
Queen's violence, Ildovaldo kills him- 
self in despair; while Amalchide ut- 
ters threats of direful vengeance, to 
which the Queen replies, by pointing 
to her victim. 

According to the chroniclers of Lom- 
bardv, the Queen had given her hus- 
band a poisonous draught; but Amal- 
chide having discovered the faul qua- 
lity of the hquor, when he had swal- 
lowctl only half, he compelled-his wife 
to finish It, and thus deprived her of 
the satisfaction of surviving him. 

The part of Amalchide was per- 
formed by Paladini; that of Ildovaldo 
by Colomberti ; Rosmunda was repre- 
seoted by Signora Internari, and Ro- 
miJdM by Signora Bclloni. 



[Juty, 



They are classed among the leading 
performers of their country, and their 
respective parts were executed with 
considerable dignity and propriety. 
Their well-accentuated pronunciation, 
their grave delivery, and the bold lan- 
guage of the piece, formed a striking 
contrast with the insipid jingling of 
the iibretti usually produced at this 
theatre. If the performances do not 
present any striking feature of excel- 
lence, we must bear in mind the great 
disadvantage under which the Italian 
drama labours : every person of talent 
IS drawn to the Opera by the exclusive 
patronage which that species of repre- 
sentation enjoys. Madame Pasta is an 
illustration of this case; she has clearly 
shewn on many occasions, that if her 
fine voice had not placed her on an 
eminence as a caniairice, she would 
have shone as an actress. Zucchelli 
and Pelligrini are also as interesting by 
their acting, as by their singing ; and 
we may fairly presume that the appear- 
ance of a few siart would produce re- 
sults to the Italian drama, similar to 
those which the genius of Garrick and 
Kemble, Lekain and Talma, has ef- 
fected on the London and Paris boards. 
■ La Casa Disahitata was well adapted 
to rcfmote the ennui occasioned by the 
tragedy. The narrative is founded on 
the ingenuity of a steward, who, wish- 
ing to enjoy the use of a house which 
the proprietor is desirous of selling, 
plays ihe part of a ghost to deter pur- 
chasers. A poor poet passes the night 
there, and with a pistol convicts the 
ghost of substantiality. This piece is 
very lively, and abounds with sallies of 
wit ; from its reception it will no doubt 
be again represented. Taddei, who 
performed the part of the poet, was full 
of humour, and kept the house in a 
continued roar of lauj^hter by his lu- 
dicrous pantomime. It is related tliat 
when this piece was performed at Tu- 
rin in 1824, before the Queen of Sardi- 
nia, a gentleman was sent to desire the 
pistols miehi not be fired. The order 
was complied with ; but instead of sub- 
stituting a sword, the poet used an un- 
loadetl pistol, and the ^host fell wounded 
notwithstanding! The manager was 
not so ready as the mountebank, who, 
having no fire arms, announced that 
the battles in his booth would be fought 
with swords and staves, instead of mus- 
kets, for fear of alarming ike ladies. 

Yours, &c. W. S. B. 



M8l!l.5 Saliil'ury Cathedral.— On iht hiven^n of LtUrr*. 



Hral, AnipKA by Mr. ^atVAi 

S bctn Ufnomf with the eiigr3«ing 



exccpl in catet of ndililiont lo the firi- 
giiiul (Icaigi). ihoBC wlikh tinith ihe 
uttlern fionj beiiis eviilenilji the work- 
of 1 petkid subscqucni 111 ilie rTCCiisii* 
of the mniii building, . With lhi» 



_ 171(1 prc- 
fooi national amiquiiiw. Sir R; 

ft. a.n. . * ■ ■ 

I coinrqucnec of the cliiianre of 
' r ttoni'the chuir, which 'in 
ilionj efiiclid by Wyail, was 
to the exlieiniiy of ihc Lady 

temporary aliar placed within 
re atch al ihc eaitern end of 
f {vide May Mag. p. 406). 
ingi'iiient naimally points lo 
fliiy of eiKlin^ an aliai-tcrcen 
radjaccntto'.lhesiitforiheoripiiial 
indwhich.'iCexeciiied.itiiJejifn- an: 
ho"u!d .t.illad(l.ii t.fa'vic» cfihe bo 
(,el froirt the clioir nf ihe Ca- .^ 
. accomplish which was the h^. 
cmriheremnvaUfthcorigiiialcne, j,„ 
• though an ciilogisi of (h, 
^llcialiiiu.wgswuaiiiiilroduelion i,,. 



dcaign. 



.ward- 01 



t'ulol'i 



and add our wish ihat c 

1 im|iroTCmcni may be sjjtedily 

into effect. 

Ubbak, Grinishy, Juae i\. , 
', origin of Lellcm, termed by 
ilileo admitandarum omnium in- 
sigiiaculun 



bre'wi, the h, 

Syrians. ..he 1 
and others, I 



ihich many ancient, ni 
tended j and ihe H( 
iins the Cbiiicsc, ih 
taians, the Egypliani 






selvE 



this 






inftgat 









r. BiK:kl*»'i'd«ii|(n i 

s-liillc of Ibe 
m end of ihe 
coinpiised of a 

wiaw ornamcnis in the genera! 
af the eaihedral.' Ilwillbeob- 
|rtfl. ihil whilst il n snffieicnlly high 
opproprliiie backgri 



.Itiable'i ,. . 

name of ilieiniln iJii.ll whitte Irurn- 
_, and industry, leveali-d lo inanKiiid 
tlic impo(lanidifclo!uici anii ablt nd- 
vocales have been fnund to supprirt the 
claims of tome of the moit exalted cha- 
iBclers in ihe (>alriarchal, Jewish, and 
luaihen, world. Arlabatiusand Enpo- 



TrismegistiiJi 



Mos 

; niiiilor 



, Plni, 



,r Hehri 



laltai.ildoesnoiobscorelhc vaulting Joiephoi' to ihe'pmieti 



Hpillannflhc mat chlessLady chapel. 

*--- • M (lew thtii obtained will add lo 
.;l of this beaiilifol portion of ihe 
u, »nd by tepiraling it from the 
'Be ehnrch, it will be brought lo a 
■itr with the ancient cathedral 
_. .._ "ri.- ,^«..... :. -.i-rt :.(J1_ 



ni«iot;ni>chi 
■ of Stih, and 



iiidbt 



Mtneni. Thci 



n^ contrived lo fill up lh< 



ii aliojildi- 






Abcn Wailiib" 

these. con fiicting opinions, the truth 

must lie toincwliwc, and I will enilea- 

bm I shall fjjl in very good company. . 
In ill'* investigation I begin with 
Mnaes, who. I presume, was not the 
nr of letters, though liis know- 



T any part of theshafisof ihi 

■ of ihc three (iiie arches wlilch' 

itethechoit from the Lady chapil. 

..e design appears to h.ue been 

,n fiooi a row of nichta in the ccn- 

. 4i*i*.toii of the weal fioiil, imnicdi- 

ijiiiiwelhtpriiiciiialeiiiiBnce. The 

JbiMled Bnisli is however not in strict 

■onUore with ihearchiieciureof the 

ril 1 balllemenu never being tiict 

a boildin^of a period aoeaily. 



ing ihe fcdgeof ihem is abii'lulely ci 



ipiity by legol-Tr gra- 
dations np lo the fountain head lioni 
ivliFi.ce ifiey npiwar lo sprinc. 
The ubfes coiilaining the Mora 

1 Apud Guseh. di Prop. Etui.1,9. cte. 



> SaDabnry Utli*d<a: 



p. i 



10 



On the fnviniion of Lettert. 



[July, 



Law were ddit ered before Moies wrote 
thb PenUteuch, and if some knowledge 
of letters had not existed previonsly to 
that period, the legislator would scarcely 
have been able to understand what was 
there written, except by immediate in- 
spiration ; and he expresses nothing of 
thai surprise and pleasure which would 
certainly have been elicited if those 
tables had contained the first alphabe- 
tical writing he had seen. But the 
circumstance is related with much ele- 
gance as an ordinary transaction tit 
this respect. The Tables were delivered 
into the hands of Moses for the express 
use of the people of Israel* in a manner 
which intimates that Letters were not 
unknown to them. 

The general knowledge and use of 
letters amongst the Hebrews, is not 
derived, however, merely from impli- 
cation, but is -plainly ancf explicitly de- 
clared. They are directed by God 
himself to teach the written Law to 
their children ; and to write it them' 
selves on the gates and posts of their 
houses*. Now from the slow progress 
which this species of knowledge made 
amongst other peoples and nations, it 
can scarcely be admitted that Mosea 
was the first inventor of letters, be- 
cause we have direct evidence to prove 
that the Israelites perfectly understood 
their nature and application almost 
immediately after the tables were deli- 
vered ; and their rapid advances in this 
art would otherwise be highly impro- 
bable, and almost rise to an impossibi- 
lity. The miraculous intervention of 
the Deity in this case cannot be ad- 
mitted, because the writings of Moses 
do not contain the most obscure hint 
to sanction such an hypothesis ; and if 
the legislator and the people had been 
divinely instructed in the use of letters, 
it must follow that an endowment so 
extraordinary and beneficial would 
have merited a peculiar specification, 
equally with the gift of tongues con- 
ferred on the Apostles of Jesus Christ. 
But the Hebrew language had arrived 
at a degree of perfection which has 
never been exceeded ; and Moses ac- 
tually quotes a pusage from an exist- 
ing; written record, called " the book 
ofthe wars of the Lord.''i<> 

If Moses were the inventor of let- 
ters, we should be at a loss to account 
for the high degree of learning and ci- 

* Deut. c. vi. V. 9. 
1' Numb. c. xxu v. 14. 



vilization which the Egyptians un- 
doubtedly possessed," altnough i t wasi 
strongly impregnated with superstition, 
at from this source he derived his 
early instruction;" and it is doubtful 
whether all this extensive wiadom and 
knowled^, in which they surpassed 
every nation in the world,^' could have 
been communicated and acquired in 
that abridged period of human ex- 
istence, but by the aid of letters. 
'*The very old Egyptians used to write 
on linen things which they designed 
should last lon^ ; and those characters' 
continue to this day, as we are assured 
by those who have examined the 
mummies %vith attention. Is it unna- 
tural to imasine that Moses, who was 
learned in all the arts of Egypt, wrote 
after this manner on linen ?'i^ And 
does it not hence follow that writing 
was one of the arts of Egypt, before 
the time of Moses ? 

The inscription lefl on a column by 
the Phoenicians, whom Joshua drove 
oat of Canaan,^* must prove that they 
were acquainted with certain intel- 
ligible characters to express their ideas, 
which had been reduced to such adis- 
tind and regular form, as to be under- 
stood in after a^.^' And this consi- 
deffttion makes it clear that letters were 
DOC a new invention in the time of 
Jothoa. For though it be affirmed 
that the knowled^ of writing was re- 
vealed to Moaes in its utmost perfec- 
tion, yet it will scarcely be urged that 
these nations, miserably sunk in ido- 
latry, could so soon have reaped the 
benefit of that revelation. The inter- 
course between the Phoenicians and 
the Hebrews had hitherto been so li<^ 
mited, that the manners and customs 
of the one were little known to the 

11 1 Kiags, c. iv. v. ao. 

i> Acts, c. vi'u V. 99. 

IS Vid. Iambi, de Mytt. pusim. Diod. 
Sic. Herod. Euieb. de Prcep. Evan. 1. 9, 
cap. ttlt. 

1^ Harmer'i Obierv. vol. ii. 

1> Suid. Lex. v. Xaneutf. 

i> Le Clerc ha* the following note on 
Grotiiu De Ver. 1. 1, §.15. Herodotus, 
Terpsichore ; "itnt^ iroB^ccXot^oyrif Ma^n 
wa^a T«y Ooivixwy ret ypa/Apafa furaf^ 

fxtpoi ii ttpaaatf ioTTt^ kou to ilKtuof 
i(Pryt9f licretyecyorruTt <^ivinMf e( td\ '£X« 
aiob ^oinxt)«a xucXvo-Oai. TimocdixiC: 
^mxixa 9't)|LU»Ta Koiifjitf» 



Oa the httBlian of Letttti, 



I ii doM not ihenrore a|>p«at 
1e itwt ihe VI of expmiing \iitfa 
' 'e eharocicfi, at all time* difli- 
.luiumcnl, could have bcrn to 
tdljt cominunicalcd a> lobe nnder- 
Dd >nd practised by thii pcopl«, in 
Wt b^lf a ccn:ur; of war and public 
Bdi ihe Phccniciaiii hail 
^liiatcd this knowledge berote ihe 
wlim *ppeared on ihe borders ol 
It bod, which imparled a dej^ree of 
I lupetiat to ihe barbarous 
iona aroiliMl ihein, and hence lliey 
c the iiio«[ pollihed people in the 
id of Canaan. The terror naturallj 
ioe from ihe iatelligence ihot ihe 
{ghbaoring ilalei were iniaded by a 
■rerful »nS vtcloriout race ; and that 
rnncjiiiihed inhabilsnu were gra- 
'-> abandoning their postestioni, 
d tjjring lo olhcr coutilriei for ufely, 
iDi be favourable lo a new and 
iiudy; fntthcirchirfioUciiude, 
le immediate inipresiion of ihis 
would be, 10 provide far ihcir 
'CuriljF, which would appear 
lai doubtful, Ha ihe general foe 
•ched Ihe limit) of iheirown ter- 

l» howerer itid, ihat Moics cuuM 

L be aoqoiinied iviih ihe art of 

I when he huill an altar for a 

ial.andcalleditJehovah-Nissii" 

jh il will fcarcely be ut^d that 

ic erection of an uninicribtd aliar or 

Mrkabtc event, ininliei an ignorance 

ri, becauM ine eoncuricnl e»i- 

t of anliquiiy aiiurei ui ihiil ihe 

ij u Irue. Il wa* the ^neral 

a of thoie ages Id pcrpetualc ihc 

Minarj of an; iuinorisnt irnnsaction 

m an obelisk or pillar ; and the pillar 

11 Abnlom " wai uninicribed, as were 

Mny of ihe triumphal monumenli of 

lolishcd Greece and Home; and Ihere 

' lew inscribed lombs in England 

I the Norman Conquest to ihe 

reign of Edward III. May it not be 

«d that this aliar was erected by 

lo mark the precise spot of 

I on which the Amalekiics were 

cd i and thai the particulars of 

t iransaclion wete noted down by 

I in the record the he doubilcH 

It of (he circums lances which at- 

' id ihcirdelivcrancefroin Egyptian 

rjrf Tbia conjecture is abiindanily 

engthcned, if not con6rnied, by the 



■itiough il 



tonlcxt, where Moses infomil us thai 
the Lotd commanded him " lo wiiie 
il for a memorial in a book."" " After 
tcriling Uiai rfttealed.'''" sayt tlicaulhor 
oflheworkalrcarly referred lo. " Moses 
obeyed the precepi, and writ the direc- 
tion and reason (or il in a book ; for 

at ihit time he knew nothing of writ- 
ing."" This reasoning is very far 
from being concltjiive. Would God 
command Morn lo do ihnl which he 
neither understood, nor was able to 
lierformi Would he command him 
to write, when " he knew nothing of 
writing f" And under such circuni- 
itancet would not Moget have eKpostu- 
laled, B9 he did al the burning bush ; 
" Lord 39»sl my undemanding, for 
thy lervanl ii ignorant and helpleas." 
if an art so exleniicely useful and ne- 
cessary 10 man in his imperfect stale, 
had been revealed lo Mosei, I again 
repeat, it would have been deemed 



is Tecordcd by the legislator in lermi 
worthy of its divine origin. 13ul there 
was exlani aniongsl the Jews, a iradi- 
lion that lelters were Invenlcd before 
the flood. And therefore lellers were 
known lo that people prior lo ihe lime 
of Moses. 

Il is the opinion ofeminenl writers, 
lhat there were records reiualnine of 
God's promises lo ihe posterity of Abra- 
ham, in Ihe time of Jobi and they 
think thai Bildad Ihe Hhuiie refeired 
lo them in his address" lo that pa- 
triarch during his atfliclion. '* Bishop 
Tomline conjeclureB, thai the Rooli 
of Job was written either by Job him- 
self, or compiled from maleriali Ir/t ti/ 
him." Now if II be true Ihal Job 
was the (ante with Jobab king of 
Edom,:*a[ is ihe opinion of Alstcdius," 
be was the son of Zcrah of [laira, ihe 
grandson of Esau ; and of course lived 
some Dgei before the time of MoiE*. 
And this conjecture, ai to the time of 
Job, is rendered very probable, became 
his friend Eliiihai, who is lepreienied 
as a venerable old man. Is laid by 
Moses^ lo be the eldest son of Eiau. 



" Eiod. civil. v.H. 




:" Deut. e.K»ir, V. 17. 




:i Conftu. of Tongua, 


.*9, 


J. Job, e. viii. V. B. = 


Bishop Fatiiek. 


" Thtol. vul. i, p. 96. 




i> Qeo. c. luvi. V. S3, 




■■f Thu. Clirao. 




'' Gta. E. lani. V. \i. 





1% 



Anecdote of Rev, W. DougUu and Lord Nelson. tJii1]r» 



Hence, whether Job wrote this book 
himself, or left materials behind him 
in a visible form, relating the principal 
events of his calamitous life, he must 
have been acquainted with the art of 
writing, otherwise his record would 
not have been intelligible to posterity; 
and all the theories of learned men on 
the origin of this book, do not contain 
the slightest hint that it was trans* 
mitted through the medium of oral 
tradition. Job, in the paroxysm of hit 
anguish and complaint exclaims, " O, 
that my words were now written ! O, 
that mine adversary had written a 
bookr*^" These exclamations can 
imply nothing less, than that writing 
was practised in the time of Job ; for 
language will scarcely furnish a name 
for an art or science quite unknown ; 
and this art is referred to by Job in a 
familiar manner, as if his friends were 
perfectly acquainted with it. It is very 
strongly presumed that this book was 
written oy Moses before the Deliver- 
ance, because no allusion whatever is 
made to that miraculous event. Now 
if this book had been a subsequent 
composition of the great Lawgiver, and 
written during the |[)eriod when the Is- 
raelites sojourned in the wilderness, 
some reference to, or illustration of the 
circumstances attending their protract- 
ed wanderings, would have been in- 
evitable. And Gray, in his preface to 
Schuiteus on this book, explicitly as- 
serts that it was composed by Moses 
during his residence with Jethro in 
the land of Midian, Jrom ancient re» 
cords in the custody, most probably, of 
his father-in-law, to comfort his afflict- 
ed brethren during their captivity in 
Hgypt. And this would be many years 
before the promulgation of the written 
law. Geo. Oliver. 

{To be continued,) 

Mr. Urban, Shaftethury, June 26. 

IN the following fugitive fragment 
is a trait so fraught with genuine 
goodness, that I am induced to request 
you to place it upon record. 

As the late Rev. William Douglas, 
Chancellor of the diocese of Salisbury, 
was returning to the palace of the ve- 
nerable prelate his father, (the sun 
shining with effulgence, no cooling 
zephyr even in the shade,) he perceived 
on the high road the most lamentable 

^* Job, c. xtx. V. 33. 1 c. %%x\. v. bb. 



motion of a fellow creature, wending 
his lonely way, slowly and sorrowfoliji 
with parched tongue and wounded feet^ 
that ever the eye of pity glanced upon. 

The name of a sailor sounded in the 
ear of this christian divine like the 
name of a friend, and after the strictest 
interrogatories he found the object be* 
fore him to be faithful and honest in 
his report. This quickened a lambent 
flame of benevolent generosity in hit 
heart, and, very unlike the Jew of o)d« 
" who passed by on the other side ef 
the way" he ordered his sermnt to 
alight, and stepping out of his carriage, 
desired them both to enter, and he 
would drive. I saw their approach to 
the city ; the gates of the palace toon 
closed on them, and a worthy defender 
of our shores was thus hospitably re- 
ceived I but he had not been used to 
march, and for a time he sank under 
it ; and even amidst nil comfort, where 
the ever bountiful hand of Providence 
had conducted him, he would rather 
have been on the turbulent bosom of 
that ocean and with those comrades 
where his courageous heart was ceo<« 
tered. 

I next saw him. Sir, ascend the steps 
of the portico of the Council House at 
Salisbury, and stand by the portly fi- 
sure of his benefactor, who with his 
fine and sonorous voice had called 
" Bassctt *' from the immense crowd 
assembled to witness the ceremonial of 
presenting the city's freedom to the 
Hero of the Nile, in his progress, with 
a numerous retinue, to the Abbey of 
Fon thill. When introduced, the vete- 
ran was immediately recognized by 
Lord Nelson, as one of those daring 
and brave men who would either van- 
uish or die, and who was under his 
ag " when glory like a dazzling eagle 
stood"* on the brow of the veteran, 
and when ** Egypt's groans and cries^t 
had aroused his country to effect her 
deliverance. 

After his introduction to his Lord- 
ship, he descended the steps of the 
portico again, and, mingling with the 
crowd, with a light heart exhibited 
" the King's picture in ^old,** a present 
from the Admiral to drink his Majes- 
ty's health. 

He was afterwards employed by his 
benefactor in the garden of his vicarage 
at Gillingham, Dorset. 

Youn, &c. Alpha. 



I 



Lee. 



t Bowles. 



On Buhajf Sumiter't " Apmtolic Preaehin;." 



Ficaragc. Mrrt.milS. 



\X prominent, |iSf. 

OM, 10 (ipposc ihe 

unewhnhasiince 

nBi<lmpBi«p 



i MONG ih« I 

romc a prrljiic ; I me 

ttiitmB [of ChMict], 

Myn%"Atnaloric Prtachine," haj UiieI- 

il^inelieil ihe list of anii-Calvinistic 

*""«, bm candour compel* me lo 

" marin* rxndil aurit." Though 

M Mcil hi* nlmml cnilexvour*, il is 

r that he i« unable rnlly in grapple 

Pilh lh« qneilion. He ii iitpar con- 

.Wat. Bi«ha|> Bitd Siimnft has cer- 

bl^ added nothing new lo Ihe able 

iinf (he pirdesiinjiiion heresy 

, . 'Xlant. The l.Mt of his arga- 

p ineoncluvre, some incorrect, while 
allopelher losi aighi of — hy 
i judiciniii me ot which he could 
"* hurled the unicriptural fabric of 
ndown frnm its imaginary axis, 
to riw n^nin. Thsi " election " 
IHitanal, and not individn^l ; thit it 
itici in Scriptore cleclian In the 
re of the Gospel, lo the rarani of 
ioilo5n>Isnlralior>, is 
M an titiginal idea of the writer's: it 
~ ' ftti abl^ proved by wrilets sniece- 
o Bi*hop Bird Siimncr. The ob- 
Mion of the caie of Eiau and Jacob 
« Dornrtonaiely, nut more strongly 
■n it is combated — a uKa' violation 
■ of rhetoric. At ihis point of his 
musingloobservc hovr 
^ Rood Bishop, as Horace would lay, 
ftabarali'' or, as Cicero would still 
rxprcssively have said, " agua 
' He sticts fast. Like Frank- 
he ttemblesal Ihe object of his 
ttncrraiioD; and ni length discards 

: of it. He has rantjuiihed hiin- 
Nner was there a more |>erfect 
male. Bishop Bird Sumner has 
wardlyand in an unicholiitlike way 
pinaftcil ihe passage, which Catvinisis, 
re iriumphanily ihan iriily,eal1"ihe 
lien chain of elcciion," (Rom. vlii. 
111(130). He should hare shown that 
lot uUimaie glorifica- 
I. bnt ihnt kind and degree which 
■---11 enjoy on eatth ; being glo- 
ibeir head, Jesus ChiisI, and 
ring Ihe blessings of the Spiiil. 
> should have ihowii ihsi iinitlvrt 
nl(l be referfed, iiol to final jnsiifi- 
Ditdte of pardon and fire- 
as I Cor. vi. 11, wnere 
» med with feleieuce to 



13 

buplism, and not at all lo final jutllfi- 
Cation ; " iwrtouffOMrflf, ti'yiaoflnTr. " 
He should have shown ihat the verbs 
are nit in Ihepoiaense: and that since 
" glorified,'" the highest link In the 
ascending chain of verbs, la an aorist, 
and joined with Ihree oihcr words, all 
having an altnsion to past etenls, ihe 
pasSiige fails altogriher in promoting 
the Calriniilic hyj»the>i>, since it can- 
not, merely lo coincide wilh ihal hj- 
poihesis, be made to look forward in- 
slead of backward. Finally, he should 
hare piven in ihc passaee wilh a para- 
pliraslic reading, agreeahly lo the pre- 
ceding solution, in some aui^h iiiotle as 
ihls: Those In nhnm it was fore-or- 
dained by God ihai the Gospel should 
be made known. He has now actoallj 
called ; and those whom He has called 
He has jnsliEied, (i, e. ulaccd in a stale 
of juslificaiion by bapiism), and ihose 
whom Hehas jusliRed he has glorified 
by His gruce. and all ihe other privi- 
leges of the Gos])el Covenant.'' Bishop 
Bird Sumner, at p. 39, quotes some 
pnssflHcs from the New Teslsnient, 
which he iliiiiks" convey the idea of 
appoinlment''[on God's pan, and con- 
sctiuenlly that ihev appear In favour 
ptcdestinalion]. Now, as a scholar 
and divine. Bishop Bird Sumner, one 
would suppose, might have known 
that it is ihe Intntlalion ontif of Ihote 
paiiiiges, and not the passages Mens- 
jrlvei, that come within ihc Calvinis- 
tic ohliqui\y oF vision. For example; 
the Bishop quotes " The Lord added 
to ihc Church such asshouM be saved.'' 
Ifiihe intended that this addition to 
the Church being made by " Me Lord,'' 
favours Cakinisni, ihe argument is 
conlemplible j for " every oilier good 
and perfect gift is of ibc'Lotd ;" and 
if il be contended that the words "such 
as ihould be saved " implies a peraooal 
election losalvaiion, il betrays a blame- 
able carelessness as lo the Greek, wliere 
ihe expression <rv^a^'mu( being a par- 
ticiple of the present and imperfect in- 
dicative mood, cannot imply anything 
proiptclive or decreed le te: and, in- 
stead of being translated " such as 
jAdu/J be saved,'' ought to have been 
translalcd" such as nier* saved" — ihat 
is, such as were placed by bapiism, 
faith, and repentance, in an incipient 
slate of salvation 1 which, as aT/^ll(,H■3s, 
subiequentlf. to he " worked out." 
The next qiioiaiion adduced by Bishop 
Bird Suinnei is, " Ai titan') u wett «i- 
J;iinrd to (te[naVViEe,\ii:Vt«>ici" 't^i'sit 



dt 



44 



Om Bishop SumnerU ** Jpottolie PreachingJ' 



[July; 



he mrght have known, and should have 
exphiined, that Ti7»/Jiiifoi does not, in 
the Greek, presuppose anything like an 
mbsolote decree, or any decree at all, 
but simply *' dispoted*' or *' prepared ;** 
i. e. they were disposed in their minds 
for the reception of the Gospel, by the 
fyreaching of Paul and Barnabas. Be- 
aides, the Bishop, by adhering impli- 
citly to the English, has falsely placed 
the punctuation ; and thereby added to 
the supposed Calvinislic tone of the 
pesssge. The English Tcrsion sunds 
as if the Greek |)assage had stood in 
this construing order— rf7«/]tAfvoi tU ^''^9 
ettttnof, whereas the punctnaiion of the 
Greek should place it in the follow- 
ing construing order — ivirtvauf tU ^«»V 
oZofyiov ; it should be so distinguished 
by the commas, as that tU i»tnf majy con* 
nect with the verb, not the participle, 
thus : ivlrtvaekff oaoi iamv Tf7a7pryo», 
tk ^wt!y aUifwv ; that is, as many of 
them as were prepared, [or collected 
together t for the Hebrew of Exod. xxix. 
33, is rendered by some rclrlofMu, and 
by the LXX. ^vfciyu] believed in for 

firofessed their belief in] everlasting 
ife. Viewed thus. Bishop Bird Sum- 
ner's idea of the Calvintstic aspect of 
this passage appears not well founded. 
In the next quotation which the Bishop 
adduces, his fears of a Calvinistic con- 
stniction would make it appear that 
he was only an English reader of the 
scriptures, orthat he thought the clergy, 
whom he addresses, such. He quotes 
from Jude thus: ** Certain men had 
crept in unawares, who were before of 
old ordained unto this condemnation/' 
He would have helped our anti-Cal- 
vinistic cause much more, had he, in- 
stead of abiding by the received ver- 
sion, shown, as is attempted in the 
passages above explained, its utter in* 
correctness, TlaXen v^yfy^a/iA/uifyoi is in- 
correctly translated "before ordained." 
Now the Bishop seems to think, from 
his citation of this passage, that the 
doom of these persons had been of old 
written in the book of fate ; whereas 
vdXeu v^ty^aijijjiifot refers only to the 
punishment of such characters having 
been predicted nf old in the scriptures. 
Really, writers should be more cau- 
tious. One j-egrets to find a man of 
Bishop Bird Sumner's abilities treating 
of prescience and predestination as sy- 
^obycns (p. 89). M uch of the error on 
-lliit subject has arisen from this very 
ifusibn of terms. 



The Calvinistic errors do not require 
the dull, prosing, abstract reasoning 
Bishop Bird Sumner has adopted ; but 
a^tritical and learned exposure of texts 
which have been divorced from thelf 
contexts, and dragged into the aervice 
of irrespective decrees and other irra- 
tional and unscriptural follies, which 
set the Word of God at variance with 
the Word of God. His style betrays a 
want of that critical nicely, witlKHM 
which no man will combat either CaU 
vinists or Unitarians successfully. Hia 
diction abounds in carelessnesses like 
these passim : He talks of resting 
on a reliance, p. 3 ; of a superiority of 
one part of the service above the other> 
p. 4 ; and of being bound by an obli- 
gation, p. 30. These and numerous 
other tautologies remind one of the ex- 
pression used bv the other Bishop Sooi-* 
ner [of Wincnester], in one of his 
Charges '* the lucre of gain" : and this 
again reminds me of the man who 
tnought the calmness of a walk by ere* 
puscular twilight tended to smooth the 
rough asperities of life I Bishop Bird 
Sumner gravely quotes Baxter (p. 6, 7^ 
8), who, in a ridiculous passage, in 
which he talks of congregations being 
fullr and calls inns ar^ alehouses fa* 
mities, enlarges on the delightfulness 
of " 100 families singing psalms and 
repeating sermons in the streets of a 
country town on Sundays 1 ! '* Does 
Bishop Bird Sumner really wish to see 
such results flow from a zealous and 
able discharge of the clerical duties } 
Bishop Bird Sumner quotes and extols 
Mr. Wilber force. 

Yours, &c. S. H. Cassav. 



Mr. Urban, May 10. 

I OFFER you an attempt to explain 
a further portion of one of the Pro* 
phets, who has much engaged my at- 
tention lately. 

In this, the assurance, too strong 
and plain to be mistaken, that Je- 
rusalem is to be occupied again by 
the scattered of Israel, the prediction 
of another siege, and of the prowess of 
the Jews, who have long ceased to be 
a military peofde, their eventual con- 
viction that it was really the Lord of 
Life whom their ancestors nailed to 
the cross, and their ^rief on the dis- 
covery, are topics which, I trust, may 
render this essay interesting, however 
feeble and imperfect the execution. 
Yours, &c S. W. 



Zechffiah, c. xu—Carvingi n( Choliaorth. 



15 



ZiciuiiuH, c. in. 
'nmi lulh ih« Lord, Spnk ia proplntle 

Ofl*n«i'il«lnil>7i: 1, theemi Ood. 
^^i^d bc**«n'( irid* uch UM auth't (ouD- 

lilloa Uid, 
TW njerMlioa, piaii, forin'd bj m; bcnth 
\ linof too!, ihouEd vklk thertoa io Uutti. 
Vinh op diifigarnJ no*, he ittr« to wir, 

TW (itj «{ m> ChOHD— }ct ilull Zloa 
Be «* • cup of [feaLliae, uhl » rock 
Todl ■rtui ■Wl mnlnt h«r,ei>ndiagtodu>t 
1^~ *n<mrapfil maltUndM wlio preii ihe 

I, nith ib« Lord, aill imUe thi utau'iihHl 
Both hone lod ridar. Ruiblag through ths 



■aL>, 



_ [f« 



The aiiJdiiiiDg MMd ih^l b«u the freaiied 



Aod ohilr lb 
ttindly Goudoct 



DdttkE 






Mr. Unt 



P»™ light 

■je ; theii lofteud 

hcaiu [our itreiigtii. 

Shall DrmnptcKh tnosna to ciy," The Lord 

OoHiBirclnitt. Tbo Lord of Hold oui 

God." 

JtfUHlem'i Grto chi>&, than ilka t fire 

Kiadlad h«Matb wme foraiC in ptrcU'd su- 

WatXwchUumg midit lumnielthriiref, 
■■ lotbaiightand left deyouTi and where 

ftlemOACe atond, od that lame spot 
■pleodourilsll iha r'lu : bui.tn; lint ore, 
D Jwkb*i tedti ba u'td, that (bey nbn 

^Da<i°d'^u ihaiT King, and Iirael'i »« 
K »cllpaa iDjr firoiiTed of tha tribal, 
I aoJ her tDhahiluti ih^ then 
ki ••& latteatb mj arm ; landing (im 
"all pariah Id nv uur : tbeo, tjie IsIIcd 
•II !« M DavUfi Ha of Da*id iprune, 
■nighty Godi 
■ He. iha An^aT of the CoveDut, 
to lad then, and ihall lead. Then I, mj 
Spirit 

jiiDg DO mj people, «ill to prayer 

>• •wrr contrite heart 1 id hitter grief 

Dn>>t*i^l» put ignoraace that] they 

■ Mr tbait&ntn pi*r«d,eatta food eye, 

hi oMli • Mwr'a s<i^ thall moom, a> ooo 

~ ' ia fintlnr* bereft, oi ooly aoii. 

D Muiddo'i rale 
W {■od Joeiah fall, how Eeeo their aoguiih 
" -a Gni they know that by their imploui 

* KiD£ M*Hlali died! ThtlaodahkU 
band aad wtfa apart, ia grief abaorh'd } 
w *ho fruia David true their lineage, 
■ alio froDi Natbui, tod the lacred 

If Lc*i, ami fron SMmil in lalar daye 
' m of aptnitf ; tbee* nrioin lin^ 
I MttniMtinc in the withed daKent 
^BlMilhaChlMof Naiamh. th.irSt.iour: 
1* of ihMc ihall deafly mnnn, 
■III Bfarf, IB grhfaiiotb'iL 



Baknneil, June IS. 

THE compiler of the ihiril vol. of 
Murray s Family Library, con- 
taining Lives of Britiih Paiiilir>,Sculp- 
tors. Sec, in the stccich he has given of 
Grinling Gibboni, hni endeavoared lo 
imprcta that thii aitiit wn the prctid- 
ing genius, and bad the direction of all 
the earring cKccuted at Chaisworth, 
und that Samuel Watwiri was Dnl; a 
sobordinaie workman in ihat elegant 
work, [ think il bul due lo my urand- 
r»lhcr'i mtmort lo publish ilie follow- 
ing account of sgreemcnii and olhor 
documents in my possession, and which 
I trust are not unworthy of a record in 
the Gentleman's Magniine. 

Fint, by agreement dated Sept. Qth, 
|6<)!> vrith the EatI of Devonchire, 
Samuel Watson, with iwo others, en- 
ecuied iheornaitieniB in limctree-wuod, 
for the great chamber, Ihc dead eame 
over the chimney-pircc being by VVot- 
aon'i own hand, whoie bill for tha 
also 



10 133/. It. 
1693. 

The trophy, containing Ihe cele- 
brated pen OTcr the door in the aouth- 

documenls in my possation, to be my 
grandfaihti't work al»o. 

By another aitreeuient, dated Sept. 
3, 1701, in the Duke of Dcvonihire'a 
own hand, on a itamp, and the bill fox 
the work, amounting 10 Sbl., he exe- 
cuted (by 1704) the arms in the pedi- 
ment of the west ftonl. 

Alto, by agreementdated Sept. SSih, 
170a, of the same nature, for the carv- 
ingof the north front, (finished I7<I7), 

94/. gj. 4rf. 

Bi-sidc* these, for which special 
agreenienw are in mv possession, I 
have vouchers and setiicd bills for the 
following works, namely : 
1701 — For catiiog thirteen ami in griliione, 
for the top of the houea, 841. 






11— For carving 



,h manilini:, fat tlie 
cellar, tbl. he. &c. 

Samuel Wilson was born at Hcanor 
in Derbyshire, in Dec. I66J, where he 
died, 31tt March, 171a, anil was snc- 
ceeded by hit ton Henry Waison of 
Dakevtell, isha carved lh« UTttvrAiv vW 
fwdinient of ihe tub^ts uCVi&uwoti^, 




Lanting tiauin SuxseT. 






fut jiicccsof Briiiih a 
In tliflcifnl [liirij iiciii 



nit Roi»di> 

llie builiJui 



t (he patuge 



ion. ii>(.«- lo^vcrfully U>i 

iclcinci) from Spentcr. 

Kitrmrl/nm lite" /ndudioH fs lU Minvr 

"-lit ntrx ofDeMh irieht, 
a tf Mtililf oniunt to hii tiiw, 

i(i|!Mn,aaptiocniiicirau oiorul wight 



-''■ Blylis, alid . aV'.ne |]iiiioty. 

(if ihe UuiWiiip ail! from sis lo li-ii 
iiiclict ahnvc' i1ie |).itcinciii, uml .in.' 
thri-e (ret iii thick ilrssj ihcy ait built 
of chiillt uiitl Hint. Tlie cxuricir of ihc 
bi-en ^liifcocd. In ilp 



, llic 



HtO( K 



reii(«^ 




Magi. 



L Uk*ax, Coiwell-ro. 
I rormcr voliiine* y< 
d Ihe diicmcry of ' 
iai, and having occBtic 
^iwni imnof SuucK, 1 
ti ind drawing of siimc of ilie prin- 
cipal anliquitio ilijcovctei), woiilil be 
accrtMabIc w your tcadrn.and dctcrre 
a place in >o viluable ;in tiisioriciil re- 
nrd a* i>ie Gmtk'iiinn'i Magazine. 

Luiriog Down, on which ihit |iaTf- 
inem b nluwrd, it one of ihe bold 
tnaunadmi of ^h•t Down*, ivliich ar« 
ri»|iMnl on ihrir (oalheru iide. 



T)» 



veiye; 






iiKctFUing I 

ticvr (mm Brachy Heiidio ihc Isle of 

Wi^i, and ilio lotvni of Worthing, 

kUiiUhjitiploii; anil forisinaiiih. 
- Mt. Mcdhum, ih« d'ncovcrrr of iht 
Lg** 



^ , liotipM diilsitce 

frnin the rrinci|iul building 

The follnwin^ h an exBCl acM^iiiit 
of the iliscovcrirs nia'le iiTlhtf iicii^h- 
bfiurhood of ihii edilice. Thu luul 
number of graves opened saiouiiied in 
ihirlyfii'c. 

1. A linf; of itoo, par^of s'nieial 
diigirr, and some buriil bance. 

2. A b;<lh Jintd wii)> hewn ch;ilk. 
two feel deep, and four feet and a half 
ill (lianieleii an otlremrly curious 
btoueh rrnrcicnled in ^g. D, wji 
found on the (ilge. 

3. and 4, coniained loine burnt 
bon«), and a litiulii. 

5. Some burnt bones, and an ele- 
gant libuli, repreienied in the annex- 
ed plotif, jg. C. The semi-diamond 

III rt^ry good ptetervaiioi). 

ii nnd 7, contained u small earthen 
vase, burnt booet, and two lachrvm.i- 

S and 9, produced burnt banes and 

, 10. This was by far the largeit in- 
tertoetil opened, atid amply repaid the 
Itnuble. Under the head of a bkclc- 
loil ti'cre the bones of a fowl, and nn 
the breast a curious fibula, reprcient- 
I cock, /Fg. J 



' It ii 



ntii^ 



« Vol. > 




ibeS>rR.C-H<»rt,-m.MbiliK 
h nluilile nnd IntereiuaK vu- 

in ihcH Doiins. 



18 



British Vm found ut Storriiig Ion, Suutx. 



Voir. 



mellcl wiiti red and green, and hn ■ 
lingiitar appearance. 

1 1 and 12, comuined rings of wire, 
boneco(nbi,brooche«,and burnt bonn. 

13. Four tmall rarlhen vaset, two 
brooches, burnt bonea, aail kmic 
broken iioiiety. 

Fig. if, i« or bronze, and wu found 
on ihe floor of the building. 

Fig. A,* is a vaie of baked caclh, 
14} inchee in heiRhi, 10 over the brim 
and IS at the witiest piirl. 

This curious diacovery was made on 
Good Friday, 18B3. T. A. 

",• The three coin*, or sceatla:, 
represeiilrd in the plate, have been 
'cnled by another Correspond- 
re said to have beeu found at 



tbesf 






Mr. Uhbas, 

I SEND you a sketch of a temark- 
nbly Riie British urn, which was 
dticOTered ill I8S6, on ilie Downi in 
Ihe parish of Storrington, Sustex. 




» 81 inches high, jabronil 
■I the top, and 6j at the base, i* of a 
dirty reddish brown colour, and in a 
very good ilale of preiervalion. This 
il the targesl and best rormcd of any 
or the Bruish specimens I have leen.t 
Its thicknrsi is three quarters of an 
inch, and us shape, considering it was 

* All of tliB ibuK umuaanu an rtpra- 
iiDted is ibe uatxed placa, of iluir raal aiio, 

f OFlhowcDgrairtdiDlIum'i" Aneiaat. 
Wilu," ic moit r«>aiiilil« [liM is TuinuJi, 
pUM »ii. *ol. 1. p. 81. Then u miK-b of 
ah* nm* tptig pattain ea m* in Tumali, 

^*MXKf. 



made Uf the hand, very perfecl. It 
was fbdndi which is not uncommou, 
with its base or small end upwarilt. 
The coarse cloth in which the bonea 
were usually deposited, wat entirely 
decayed, but the pin or bran faitcninjc 
(also repmenied aboTe) wat in good 
preserTation. The bones were whtic 
and well biinird. 

The difliculty of procuring perfect 
specimens of thcte rude funeral vessels 
of our aiiceilora is wry great, Mag 
half )>aked, or, as some aniiquarlei 
imagine, hakeJ only in the sun ; (bey 
■re 10 very lufi, ihat the iilmiMI care 
inusl be exerted to prevent ilieir fall- 
ing to pirces. Chalk aeenit to pretene 
them best, for [ hate never been able 
to remove those in a perfect iiate, 
which I bare diicoveieil in clay or 
sand. It mny not be out of place, if 
I here reii>:iik tluit these urns are often 
miscalli-d Koinan, Danish, &c. when 
our prcieni kiiowletlge of pottery and 
irpulchral remain* may more prO|)etly 
leroi them British. All ihe Rnoian 
urn* I have acen have been made of 
much belter materials, and appear to 
have bren turned with a luihe. 

I would wish to ask any of your 
learned corres[)ondcnt*, if they inia- 
gine the British ever burned iheir 
dead befoie the Romans invaded this 
couniry. From my own observation*, 
1 slinuld S3y it was a forni borrowetl 
from I he Unmans; and [ conceive those 
tumuli in which we iind ihe skeletons, 
wiih ilags' horns, the bones of dogs, 
birds, ice, 10 be the most ancient form 
of burial th^t was adopted in this island. 
We geiierally Rud these remains at tlie 
lowest part of the tumulus, and the 
urns eithrrin tht; centre or at the side; 
and in aoine It kVould apiieat that lh« 
urni were placed little more than Just 
under the turf; aod indeed in many 
places 1 have sven well burned bonea 
covered only with a stone, not more 
th.in a foot under ground, and where 
there has not been the leiul shadow of 
an urn. There has never, 1 believe, 
been any regular numberof urn* found 

ot SO, in other* only one or iwo. May 
we not suppose that, during the fre- 
quent batiks which the Koniani muat 
have had with the Britiih, the Biiti»h 
burned their alain after the Itoinan 
cuilom. and put their bones in these 
rude urns, placing them in the tumuli 
which had already been roriiied t 
Yours, &c. F. O. 



0.1 



dtteouni of BiggUtKarle, eo. fieiJford. 



April 14. 

BIGGLESWAIJK, a mnrkft lawn 
in th« rmintj n( Briirrml. Is sila- 
3trna the (tffat nonh riMil al the dli- 
tancT of 4^ miln fmm lymdon. ll 
K'lta mBic In ihe hDndrrd in which it 

(o DnoifvliJ B<x*<t. wia Bicl^'lnrnndr; 
hiD tinr«ihe«nmpili 
it hii nndtrpnrw levtral rhiii([r9 
the moil rart'nitin^taphical, viz. ane- 
Inrodr, BigrlnteiTlli, Bi^leneard, 

Ir nnrlciit tttnu\% ii is eslird ihe 
Rfirmrpih anrt Forrign of BifgltswoHp, 
•oil it tiath now in liailiwirk or fian- 
ctiiiF, la which the lolls »r ihe mnikct 
•o(l ft\nnn payalrlr; ihc pfrsrni pro- 

Viof af the 1>atliwick UMt. Sirorori 



^^r^W« \r*tn(n\m ihe Norman Siirvfjr, 

VHUi ihr M<>nnr«-» ihi^n hd.l l,y R^l],h 

I At Lific, ind wa- rolcd ^r len hiil« j 

ih«Tr WCTC ifren villeim, irn lintiUrj, 

aiiifihiTeirrvanlt;nl«ilwoiiiillsor47i. 

yv.ifly <*liie, Iiivalur w«s \^\. yrarly. 

Ill the lime or King Friwanl ihe Con- 

fctfor, !i>iT|^nil ihc ArHibifho]) held 

ih>> manor, mil il was ihen Wdrlft tOf. 

Kichird, the Irnth and Intt Ahbolnf 

Kl», prfccii-ing ihal 

wcie i»\\j being m.iile upon i 

\rs.n of th'ir mnninltry, oUiiiineo 

It ftriBi Henry 1. mnKing their Ah 

rirk, bid Richard •'■- 



lieu iif which, three manors, purl of llie 
tiossesiinns of iht Abhcy of Ely. were 
siirrrnHercii in ihe Bishop of Lincoln; 
viz., Spildwick, Diggleiwndc, and 
Biicden.* 

TheRraniorHenr}- l.only menlinns 

ihcvill orSp.il(!wick,3nd iitnlhiinui- 

port r " The King having uken inio 

cnii!ii!eMtion Ihe stale or hii kingdom 

of thai book of England, and finding iliat ihe har- 

_. I-.- j,|.j| ^^^ great but ihe lahotirers few, 

and iherejore ihe lalioiir Ino much upon 
ihem, Src, with Ihe advice of the Pope 
Pascal did convey and tnake over the 
Vilt of Spaldwick. in ilie coinny of 
Huntingdon, pan of ihc pniicsMonj of 
Ihe mntiagiery of Ely, with all iit righli 
iind anpiirlcnances, la ihe Church of 
Lincoln, and lo Robert Bishop a( ihc 



hry a BiihopricK 
hflut ■ - - - -- 



Now 
isigned. the 



in as Tree and amnle a manner as ever 
ihe monasieTy of Ely had heldit,"8ce. 
Brnivne Willis slito ihat Biggleswade 
WBi obtained by Ihe successor of Bluel, 
for which he was lo make ibe King "n 
annual present of a rich gown lined 
with sables, worth onehiinilred marks: 
and we accordingly find ihal ihe manor 
was ^rrantedf to ilie Bishop of Lincoln 
any allusion lo any a^iignment 

Bishop of Kly. " 
The Bishops of Lincoln continued 
to hnlJ ihe manor and enjoy the privi- 
lege, as is evident frnm Ilie cNlracu 
from ihe public recnrdiKivcn beneath, J 
until 4th IvKv, III..|1 when Henry 
Bishop of Lincoln was summoned lo 
answer by what aulhoilly he claimed to 



oanvasiigni 
rnachments of the cnunly of Cambridge as a 
privi ' ' ' ■ "" 



<* there was no protii 
King sent for Rob< 
Rithop of Lincoln and Lord Chancel- 
tor of Englainl. and obiaiired of him have.iiihis mnnoro! 

Klhecmmiy of Citmbridoc might be of frank pU'dge, wiih all ifiiiijjsK 
pMTltiee of the new Uiihnp; in frankpledge belonging, Iwice ii 

iif uTEly, in till 4th Vul. dfbii Init. 
!, celebrii memoruc Domini H. quondam legi 
xrl» : U. rn Anglic Arcl>ieplico]ni, Kc. Scistis me i 
>t Ecclttin beilz Miris Lincotis, et AleiuuIrD Epitcopo tl 






... . nnlbna llberuiibui et 
in DMiMriopntiiientibui, itt bene 
colaiciKi et prietukbi I^Wcopo, e 
m illtid mtliiu cl I'dieciui tenui dum 




\ ptBaD, in squb ot fitn, in piMii et puturii, io 

et in fice ct liDiiorifici et quicii optinnidit Ec- 
^xiinriliui ejui, (ieut egfl anc|uani 
1 met, vol iliquii qui illud liberiut 



confirmo, el illiDi prxfata £ccl«« 
itefn'^ :illilwl^qua pDmianiunra ngll anotiiril 



I H'd'm' iV feed' d< DuoniA Krcrie lae. Tt.u 
liabet regales liberUtei iofra muiat' ctllunAici' ^fi^\A- 
II Plus uf (|U0 HMtUlkl. 



» 



j€Couni of Biggieswade, co. Bedford. 



poly. 



which is a plainly carrml Gothic arch ; 
liere is no piscina a<ijoining, which 
frcqaently is che case. A specimen hsT- 
ing the three stalls and piscina may be 
seen at Cockayne Hatley, in this county. 
At the fool of the steps leadinc from 
the altar, are several slabs of blue 
stone, which have contained plates with 
inscriptions and other devices, bat most 
of them bemg mutilated there are no 
inscriptions now hepble. 
' In the centre of the chancel, but at 
some dSttance from the altar, is an im- 
mense blue slab^ beins 1 1 feet 6 inches 
long, and 5 feet 6 incncs wide, which 
obvers the remains of the John Rodyng 
before mentioned, and which has the 
following imperfect inscription. Those 
ivrts which are included in hrackeis 
are now torn oft', and are supplied from 
Browne Willis, who supposes Uiat this 
monument was placed here in the life* 
tioDcof Rudyng, before he obtained his 
other preferments. On a scroll in black 
letter, is the following couplet : 

<« Qustnor O SMieti me Bedford ArchilevI- 

tam [vettrnm." 

John Radyag Omnium pvscilms defendice 

Round the verge of the slab : 

f Rndyng narmorens lapis est dstus ista 

Johanni, [TyraDniJ 

Qmtm cnicis etbereas Rex sslvet ok ore 

Hand peutundet emn Bwatoi nesnpiaa po- 

testaty 
Lumen lidereum sad ei det Divs MijeitM. 
Qui gmVia in vita Legu* vir erat gradaattn, 
Bte rcebandatus et Bedford Archilevita, 
£t meritb mapiua sancti Rector Miehaelis 
Ulovcetir. u( celis hilareicat det sacer 

agaos. 
jTHttjut Batilice ^onaus fuerat meritosos, 
Talis erat qualem detcripsi plus liberalem."} 

There were fire other lines origi- 
nally, but these were torn oflf when 
Browne WUlis saw the monument. 
Near the top of the stone was a large 
bcass plate, equal in its dimensions to 
one at the bottom. At the man*s side 
the figure of Death still remains. The 
brass at the bptioin is inscribed with 
the following curious dialogue, inclosed 
in lines aliernatety raised and sunk: 
" Tu fcra Mt»rt quid agts humane prodiga 

•t»g*»«» [tendit, 

Cedo qjiot offeodii quod in hnne discrimina 
Die cur tela struis, naturae depopulatrix. 
Die cur non mstuis Inioc trudere vasta rora- 

trix, 
Cur te noq puduit fatali sorte hfm, 
Vivere queiadecuit,et'plcb»laerimafeur obire;" 
" Jlorf.-^rede nee ipjuriaainottalibus hunc 

tfsre somnu, [oniuis, 

lua- meas fiurias caro tasdem Mniiet 



Horrida tela fero, morsu aecis urgeo seclam, 
Nee vulgo neo hero parceni traho aiagula 

mecom. [que Sacenlos 

Quid valet alttis honot, Rex, Dux, Princefia- 
Hane lubeunt sortem^ aequeunt precurrere 

mortem. [grinis. 

Mors ego sum finis lustrantibiu hie pere- 
Termiaus itineris quern nee preterire mereris. 
In icriptis legitur, Caro qnevis morte po- 

titur, 
Bt vox applaudit vulgo, mors omnia claudit." 

Nearly opposite to the pulpit, in the 
middle of the nave, is a stone, with 
brasses inlaid, of one William Halsted, 
originally having a wife on each side 
of him : the husband is decollated. 
One of the wives is inhumanly torn 
from his side, and the other being on 
the right of him, has Zlitia on her 
right shoulder, and the following in- 
scription at their feet: 

•' Hie jaeent Will'ms Halsted, qui obiit 
XXX die Januarii, Anno D*ni MCCCCXUX«. 

£l Isabella ac Alicia uxoret ei*de 

...... quor' a'i'ab* p'pciet* de, Am'e." 

Very near to the last, is another thus 
inscribed : 

** Exuviae Reverendi Georgii Gibson, 
quadraginta sex annis hujtts ParochiseTicarii, 
bie rant sepultae. Sancti Eirangelii pastor 
veros et fidelia fiiit, sacro muoere fungendo 
constans et dlligens, in privatA vitA clarum 
ei magntficum exemplum innoeentise et vir- 
tutis; post loBgam vitam laboria in vinea 
sacra Domini, aupremus rerum Arbiter bine 
evocavit, vicessimo nono die Julii, letatis 
anno septuagesiirao sexto. Anno Domini 
millessimo septiagentesfimo sexto. Ri- 
cardus Rudd scripsit.*' 

Another has: 

*« Hie laoet Owinus Bromsall, Armig., 
filius Rad BroHMall, de Beeston, in com. 

Bedf. qui oUit die Octob. 1663, et 

Blandina uxor et filia Biandina, e dextri 
parte Jacentes. Anno eeutia fere 58." 

In the south aile is a handsome 
marble monument, inclosed with iron 
rails (which have been permitted to 
fall into a most disgraceful condition), 
to the memory of Sir Thomas Brom- 
sall,, who was sealed at Stratton in this 
parish, which is thus inscribed : 

«< Depositum Tbomae Bromsall, Milltis : 
Qui cnm legtim jorumq* custos csset acer- 
rimus, ek tamen fuit roorura suavitate, ut 
tot fere amicos habuerit, quot faniiliares : 
letisttmA foeroin& in 2<*** nuptlas ascita, fceli- 
citatis specimen videlmtur, c^ra 8ubit6 post 
trimestres nuptias vix tridui morbo ex- 
.tioctus: qu&m brevia iiuniana siiit gaudia 
documentum ingens factus est. Vidua mcestia- 
sima buno atalui lapidem Jussit, illi quidem 
in mcmoriam sibi vero cum Deo viam fuerit, 



0-) 



BigglesiDade. — Scraps from a Note-Book. 



■pgiam tpitituin Ualwn dtamil df IpMuin, 
^m ciMTM ciHHprtiu, RcepUcuJum. An. 

|tTOe, MU. 63.'* 

k plain mirhle monuiiieni, Tcrjr 
ir lo me last, we reail, 

thii itsoc ue dcptuitcd the 

rrlut. diugkur of AdmiiJ Sic 

\a%u4 K-f. Omtt. initrlad to Brigkdlsr- 

J U»tl» IWoeCt. Vnb. «3, 17911; 

-J Sept. 17. 1790. Sheiru 

edij lorn]. »nii avci nill lie iBineDteil 

I^Wi afflictAl tuulnDil. 

•■ Tb* Mod CbuflH Btnwtt died it Gib- 

fl the lOthufOct.iber, IB04, oftUa 

I epidemifl Iner ttut ng«d then, ukI 

il vithout militirir haanun. tie 
N Majar-GeiMnl of liii MkJeMj't fiiTeei, 
•Dad Mijoi uf iiii M(ja(} I tliiid regi- 
^ uf fiHil giurilii *dJ uoHid ia i/umniiuid 



hnvp thmi^lil it pradent lo oinil ihi-ni. 
1 niiiiL also, rroin ilie lanie molirci, 
for ihc prorni, omit an nccoiiiil of the 
haiuleu of-Siriiiiiin and Holme, tn ihis 
pafitli, which shall be cumiminicaied 
in a fuluie iiumbci oryaur Maga»ine. 
Y..urs. &c. C. C. 



r' 



ScBAPa rnoM a Note-Booi 

'HAT " brevity it the iiiil 

ii a »ery old saying, and 



ofw 






H» 



Lin the chancel, near lo lUe alur, 
moDuitieiiU la the family of 
Barneiii, who hate for some time 
teaicd at Siraiioti. The rollaw- 
ioKiiplion) are copied rcom the 



a Ofl the aoih al July, 177S; ihe 
> (lis oilii, ud ihitly jesn 
mil Biractt. Eiq. vho died 
rfort St. Darld'f, on the C«it of C'uto. 
~ I, PB the t9th uf April, I74fa'. iiid 
C<>in<n«i]dcr.'.n-Chief oF h<> M.- 
iidion In the Eut ladlei. 
tOnlhewmemonoiiiem. 

I til* gtfi beueiilll ait depwilad the 
■ uf AiaeliK R4rDcliti ilia ilecetiad 
^iheBtbFeb. is«s." 
Anelhei hat: 

'• la tb* grwH benMlh uv <lep«tWil th> 
■aa of Ch«la> Uinietl, E«|. «m of 
I* Bid Eliubeth Ileiiwtt, b»fa in the 
f 1^ GUntlar, Miiy I7th, 1733. De- 

■iSlntloo, Ju)yi7tli, 1811." 
In tlie DWih site of ihe Chutoh ii a 

which 18 

" Surcd IB the memory of Barbin Do- 
rHho* L«rii, llw tiiur at Richmrd Lew'u, 
Sib of UMriliin Grutttny, in (lis cuudLj 
paf Moamoulh. by whom thl> tablet it dedi- 
Sbe dppuleil iliU life tbe 3d diy of 
18)3, iged 77." 
b III ihi* aile att oiemotiaU lo leverj] 
tf Um lludd family, who were formerly 
'lit town; but at 1 hnvc 
J tiequHctl upon the space as- 



(itMetTcd, will gfiiice over a short 
eawy, who are loa occupied or too tn- 
dolclil to rnid a long and regular irca. 
tise,— and miiny more, il itiighl have 
been jdded, are rnnreairracled by ahi.rl 
and ^liihy sentrncei, ilian bv the com- 
paramely bulky essay. Under this iin- 

trnsiou, and, it Isconressed, >timiilaic-<l 
y the praiicwnrlhy example 



:scellciil 









;lc;: 



AC. C. (diagu^ud under nWich i 
ligls, 1 think I can recr>gnise a charnc- 
ler noi unknown in the wurld of loi- 
ters,) the wrilfr pr0|>osci lo iransmil 
occiiiinnally a leleciioii of exiracis 
Troin hii nole-bnok, on inicrciiing l<v> 
cnl, lingual, and literary subjecia, for 
the cenlenaiidn pages of ilic oldest 
Magazine of the day. 

The French letmination I'jwi seems, 
in our Lngiiage, in he- gencr.illy uj>. 
iilicd to denole noiiielliiii}} spurious or 
fulse i for ills la nee, phUotophltin, for 
a pretended nhiloinphy; liberaliiiu, for 
an affected Ijberaliiy, &c. Our neigh- 
Unurt do not tlieiii>i-lvu irem to ob- 
serve this diflerence, if we arc ID judge 
ftoin llieir vvord for Chrisiianilj — Chre- 
liimisme. 

May not the word lipiif be salisfvc- 
lorily said to be derived from ihe ten- 
dency of the peraon uiTccied lo lip 
over? The deduction is quite legiii- 

I am glad, as a ciiiien and an Eng. 
litbiuau, that the late wretched at- 
tempt to inclose Hnnijiilcad Healh hai 
betn dereaied. The fotinerly open 
s]iac«s arniind ihe capital have been 
loo much incluied — loo much for the' 
heJib and recrmion of ihc public, if 



10(1 lovely J sjxit lo be resigned to ihe 
Hctidtalt in Lo[i<.\nn.(itveiicom\>\vn 



f6 



On Chwrch BelU. 



[July, 



b well aeconnted for by Dr. Whiuker, 
in hit History of Richmoodthire, p. 
996, Tol. ii.» who obterTet, 

" One of the iDlaiictioDf given by the 
Couoeil of Edwsrd Vl. to the CommiMionert 
MDt about tha Idngdooiy for tha piurpote of 
ftforoMtioOy WM thit— •-' That all ringing 
with hdj balls (and befora tha Reformation, 
all church ballty tave one, were baptived or 
. eonteerated) to drive awaj derilsy and all 
ringing or kaowling of balls, mm one, should 
be utcerlj forborne. This prompted the 
avarice of chnrchwardanst or parishes at 
large, to dispose of all their bells, save one, 
(vhich, for the same reason, was sure to be 
the least) as useless and superstitious.' But 
the fondness for the chcerfol sound of a peal 
of bells graduallj returnbg upon the people, 
the ancient complement was restored." 

At ihis period, or under EliEtbeth, 
therefore, I date the destruction of all 
the Saiut*s Bells in the kingdom of the 
brger kind— that is, such as were not 
hand bells. 

I have hinted at one bell often found 
in our ecclesiastical structures, and 
; which was not consecrated. This bell, 
I have reason to think, never hung 
among the peal in the tower, but in a 
lone recess like the Saint*s Bell, and 
had no such inscription around it as 
others had. It was the bell used upon 
all secular occasions ; was the alarm- 
bell in cases of fire, or approach, per- 
ad venture, of an invading enemy. 
From Stnw's Annals, p. 286, and 
other works, it seems there was such a 
bell in London, before Henry in.*s 
reign, and I am well assured that such 
a bell was very common throughout 
the kingdom. The large bell in Tong 
Church, heretofore mentioned, was, 
perhaps, more likely to have been this 
bell than the passing bell. The latter 
had commonly "ora pro nobis," in- 
scribed upon It. Were this without 
inscription, I should certainly pro- 
,nounce it the secular bell, used upon 
Tarions occasions of festivity, or rather 
parish business. 

Youn, &c. N.S. 

*^* As it can be no novelty to the Eoclo- 
siastioal Antiquary to be informed that the 
small turrets frequently attached to chorehea, 
contain stairs, and that the stairs to the 
rood loft frequently remain, wa must de- 
cline inserting our oorrespondent's letter on 
that sub|ect.— Edit. 

Mr. Urbaw, July 23. 

AS your Magazine contains much 
information respecting York Ca- 
'••dral^ and abounds with judicious 



advice and admonition on various sub- 
jects of *' architectpral innovation,** I 
hope you. will give publicity to the fol- 
lowing appeal to the subtchlferi for re- 
huilding the Choir of that Church. Itsla- 
menuble conflagration excited a strong 
sympathy, and very painful emotions 
in every admirer of that sacred, splen- 
did, and truly national edifice. It was 
.one of the most memorable events in 
the modern history of our Cathedrals; 
for, although these noble piles were 
frequently destroyed, or greatly injured 
by fire; bjr the wanton batterv and 
varied spoliation of the Pagan Danes, 
and by other ruth lest warriors, in for- 
mer times, they have suffered little, 
but from neglect and misdirected im- 
provements, since that horrid epoch of 
civil warfare during the Cromweliian 
era. Some of our modem innovators, 
the officious and tasteless improvers on 
genuine Christian architecture, have 
certainly inflicted severe injury on too 
many of our sacred piles: but it is 
generally believed that better feeling^, 
and better taste now prevail— ^that even 
those who neither know much of, or 
care much about the real beauty and 
true spirit of ecclesiastical architecture, 
pay some deference to public opinion, 
and are more influenced by dread 
of censure, than solicitous to deserve 
praise. I am induced to make these 
remarks, in consequence of hearing 
that, amonfc the projected alterations 
in York Cathedral, it is proposed to 
take down and remove th»organ ecreen. 
The bare mention of such a deed-r 
such a misdeed — is almost enough to 
call up the ghost of the late John Car- 
ter. Were he living, he would buckle 
on hit armour and poise his lance in 
defence of that most beautiful, most 
interettinff, most sumptuous piece of ar- 
chitectural design anci sculptural adorn- 
menu. He, like a Knight Templar of 
old, would desert his home, his do- 
mestic health, and all its comforts to 
guard the sacred temple of his adora- 
tion and devotion. He would watch 
it by day, as well as night, and at^a^Jk 
any Saracen, Turk, or Gofh, (hat dared 
to violate its holy shrine. Alas ! " the 
days of chivalry *' are fled — fanaticism 
prevails, and one of its high priests has 
fired the Cathedral now alUided to. 
He is pronounced mad by a jury, and 
sentenced to linger and rant in a vul- 
gar crypt. Other fanatics, however, 
still roam at large, to the annoyance 
of good sense and good tast^. Some of 
these, for nothing less than fanaticism. 



On removing the Screen in Ynrk Cathedial. 



jeci, 1 am iiiHiieoced by a 

lo jiicicrre lliii inlciesling |iiece a[ or- 

.1 __. ^ijiy from d Ml rue I ion. 






diclalc It — propose 
, anil lliu) dralruy, ilie 
ir tliii tvds a coi 
e piece of ninMiiry, o( carpeniry, — 
I wu even a handiome piece of 
rkiaanihip of Gieciia or Runian 
'itecturc, a> formrily ■( Winches- 
-^( llrere were pnlpshle derceii, 

iM emily pan wiih it, in 
• hope* of hating j new and more 
"nipratc delimit : bat in the pcpaenl 
iace we hire an archileclural {»• 
t of unrivillcd beauty — rich lo ex- 
, trplcle with imcreii, charged 
h hitioiini iculpture of the hiathnt 
, aa niain lu ihe sniiala of ihe 
and ihe monirchy of Engliind. 
reiy, (heieforr, ihc prudent, ihc good, , 

I wite, will puuM ere lliey coni- lory of York Cathedral, 



try injury. 1 would ap- 
ihe ^ood lente and integrity of 
e arcnilecl, Mr. Smirke *, lo forego 
I conaideraiion of coraniiition on luch 
■ job,'' advocate its pToieciion, and 
en refuM lo lead his aid, or gi>e hi« 
•ice, if it be resolved to remove it. 
I think it wholly unnecessary to 
iter inio any thing like Brgument, 
— ' ihe many examples of organ 

! and appeal. The mrre fri- 
and iuulllity of removal, 
lany risks aliendlns 



volousnes. 



luffici* 



r of 



liedral', 



« mch a work of lueteu, 

I would funher entreat 
only to pause, but enquire 
tl end, wliat good will be eflccted 
'"" " " al i If the advant;igc be 
B great and palpable, why run the 
fe of ii^riitg or of desiruyiug this 
knclid tciccn i Why incur a great 
speculate where the dangers 
( imminent, where no public or pri- 
I*iuttant4^ is likely to ensue, but 
mv injury and consequent disgrace 
■ likely to arise. It aeems the infa- 
' in of wantonness. 
« iaie Mr. Archdeacon E] 

t admired ihc Cathei 
qualified lo appreciate all its 
nd Kiaiiifold Iicamies, uddrea*- 
cr lo me, n short time before 
ase, staling, that he had ear- 
itly advocated the preiervalioi 
t screen in its iweient and raliunai 
K; that he believed, and hoped, hli 
~hiri> of the Chapter would agree 
I him, and preserve its inviulabi- 
The opinion and wishes of such 
■n ileaerve the moat reapectful at- 
■tlioa J for he was not only well in- 
uit suhjeen of art and 
I poisrsEcd a genuine, 
itfecinl love fuc all that was good 
UexcellenE. He justly and properly 
' luted *lt ianuvatiuii aoil afiecteJ 
I part or 
i fabric : he also, in unison with 
iUle Dean. Dr. Maikha.ti, slrenu- 
U; urged the necessity of timely and 
^ttMtal re|Mii and renovation. 
« Mlvuen— the true advocates and 
•fuitiquily, would never have 
vote IN the Cha|>ieT fur the 
Ung diswii this screen. In cxpreu- 
"" ' slroDglj' en Ilie »0b- 



18ig, I WHS mccluded fioui eivinga 
view, with full illustrations, from the 
dilTiculiy of oblaiuing accurate draw- 
ings, and also from the expense attend- 
ing the engraving of the whole. A 
time of ilie (■■enlral doorway, engravuj 
y H. Le Keux, from an elaborate 
drawing by Mr. Blure, cost above fifty 
guineas, and to this I would direct the 
eye and fancy of him, who, without 
full deliberation, is silly enough lo ad- 
vise the removal. In coni^liision, (for 
the present) i ivill appeal to every gen- 
tleman, whi) baa advanced money to- 
wards the rebuilding and carrtet reila- 
raliea n[ York Cathedral, not only to 
refuse his sanction, but to raise his 
voice against the work now piojccted, 
(o enter his protest against it, and to 
demand t faithful and full slalement 
of of the works that hate been done, at 
lal liis and the public eapense. 

Yours, ic. J. Britton. 

P. S. Since writing the above, I 
have seen a pamphlet, eiititleil, "A 
Idler addrrsicd lo the subseribeis to 
Ihe restoration of the Choir of York 
Minster, on the subject of the Temoval 
of the Organ Screen," by a Subscri- 
ber. This tery well-wrhien pamphlet 
is D temperate but zealous appeal lo 
the tubicriberi- to resist the threaienetl 
work of destruction or temoval. It 
also contains a full review of all the 
proceedings that have been adopted 
since the rameniable lire, and is calcu- 
lated to produce a powerful and proper 
effect on every impartial reader. 



Scraea, in bis Reparl 
^'ork CatWnl, id par 

p. (.as. 






LITERATURE. 



TIm etJi wt nMndt a fev montlit t ince on onr Itanitd Comtpoodtteti, nqoMtfa^ 
them to obligt us with ClaMicml CommuaicatSont, hH been ikvoanbly noetttd t and id* 

vtnl valuable articles have already appeared i more particularly those by our old aad hlsMy 
respected Correspondent R. S. Y. it gives us pleasure to insert, in onr present Nnmber, 

bnder the head of Classical Litbraturb, a volunteer Reviev, by a very learned friend^ 
of a work of an eminently Classical character. And we take this opportunity of remarking^ 
that we hope this good example will be followed by other Correspondents, as reviews of 
new works of a decidedly Classical nature would form weloomt oonmunications for thia de-> 
partment of onr Magasine. 

Lift rf Rkhwrd BenOey, D,D. Mutter rf Blom field. But besides theset theft 

• Tridiy Colltge, ami Regius Ptqfestor qf have been, and are, other persons, who, 

. Dkrimiy m the UnivenUy of Camtridget though ranking one degree below Um 

udlkanmecmifUrfhitfrrUingStaniAnec' above, have had and have the power 

dotef qf eoMtemparanf PubUe OmartuUrt, ^ executing it to the satisfaetion of the 

. ^ J. H. Mode, i>.Z).Z>«m of PeUr- |^„^ ^j. Among these is the dis« 

bm^h fnow Btshap fifGkuuUaJ. Anguished scholarlo wTiom weatlenctb 

TO recount the various advatriages owe the present learned and roost able 

attendant on biography, were a work and highly interesting piece of Bio« 

of supererogation. It was the pithy graphy. And when we consider that 

and just remark of our great anoralist witn his other eminent endowments^ 

and critic, that " there is scarcely any he unites that of beine of the same 

person, however obscure, the story college with Bentley, and having occo« 

of whose lite misht not, if faithfully nied highly important stations in the 

recorded, be made instructive to bis University of Cambridge for twenty 

fellow men.'* And although this will years, we can with truth say that tho 

not excuse the excessive minuteness work has fallen into the very hands 

with which it has been long the cus<* #hich of all others . we could have 

torn to record the lives of even com pa* wished, and we cannot but,congratQ'* 

rativcly insignificant persons, yet few hie the writer on having been, at 

will deny that Biography, in order to length, (most worthily indeed) raised 

be useful, must be circumstantiai ; and to the Episcopal Bench, 

all must grant that the lives of men Now, to so considerable an additiov 

who were the most emineni of their to the literature of our country, it is 

class, whether as literati or persorra en* alike our duty and our wish to bestow 

gaged in the active pursuits of life (es<* an attention, if not proportioned to its 

pecialty if their existence wasrong.and importance, yet as great as the naturt 

passed in intercourse with otiier emi<j of our Journal will admit We shall 

nent persons) must be written in cois* therefore assign far more than the usual 

siderable detail, being in some mea- limits to our critioue, and in forming 

sure the history,. literary or civil, of the it we shall not follow the ccutom of 

time when they lived. onr quarterly essayists, but pursue a 

Now no persons were ever more de- plan which shall let the Author stand 

cidedly the Jirsl rf their class than prominent, and the Reviewer be kept 

Newton and Bentley; and yet, though m the beck ground. We shall consult, 

we have long since had biographies of if not our own fame, the instroetion of 

the former in some degree commensu* oar readers, by giving Casa sort of fore-^ 

rale with his unrivalled fame, yet of tasteof the literary banquet in the work 

the latter, until the present wprk, nor before us), a brief but correct outlind 

thing worthy the name of a Biography of the Life of Beotky, formed chiefly 

had ever appeared. It is true that to from the present work, and compre- 

competently accomplish such a work heiuling such extracts as shall presents 

powers of no ordinary calibre are re-; fair sample of the performance. We 

quired. Yet when we consider that shall adu such remarks as may strike 

fiir own country has since the time of us on some of the more important cfiv» 

Bentley produced several who had the cumstances as they arise, and which 

requisite endowments, it does seem not may be not wholly undeserving of the 

a little strange that such a work should notice of the learned and candid Biog- 

never have been accomplished until the rapher, who may, we can augur, antt- 

prttent time. Of those who were pre* oipate an early opportunity of cnaktsg 

imimemtly qualified for such a work, use of the suggestions wbioh may bft 

tli«w have been Samuel Johnson, Bieh- offered by any oJ oor fraternity, 

ard Porsou, Samuel P«rr, and C. J. The {U usurious sobject of this bie^* 




Bisbop Uook's Lift of BtnlUy. 



Prince of modern Ctliici, 
OuUon, near Wakefield in 
ftrtihire. ruh July. Ififil-S. Hii 
ptrenu were of th«i rctpeckable clui, 
w^icb, u Uf. Monk obiervcs, ha) sup- 
plied c«ry pnircssion wlih ionic of iit 
t'taidi ornainrnu, — ytvnira a/ Iht 
i^her order (lucli ut by Our BDceilon 
wtTt oiled Franklini), letiled ai Hep- 
lonaiall in Halifax, who poueiieJ 
Wine proficrly, which i|ipeart to have 
•aSercd in the civil van, in which 
Bcniley'i grandfiillier acted at a ion of 
CajiUin of VoluDleeri in the Iloyal 
umy. Hii falher potseiged asmall ci- 
■ - WooJIesfotd near Hiilif«. and 
married the daughter ofa iione- 
*t UuliOD, of lome connideru- 
haiing held a Major'i cummii- 
_^ ibe Royal army, The fifU off- 

tpfinjiof ihejtuiiinn v/a iheilluitrious 
luiuecl of ibii bingiaiihy, who tvai 
e4lM Uichard, aficr hii grdndfaiher. 
And lo ihii circumatBDce, perhaps, we 
owe much of what followed, ai that 
might not a lri(l« influence his gr^nd- 
fulier lo M> freirly employ hii little 
{»operty in hii edueaiioo. li Is not 
• liuU remarkable thai ihc ereaieit 
of modtia icholars receired the first 
rudiment) of cljuical inmaction from 
( JtmaJt, hii mother, a woman of lu- 
pciiot underuanding, by whom he was 
Uughl ihc Latin accidence. He wai 
firil sent to a neighbouring day ichool, 
■nd arierwards lo the rery reipectable 
■raaimar ichool of Wakefield, then 
under Mi. J. Baskerville. and which 
had if'crwardi the honour ofprnducing 
Archbithop Potter j ihuj eountin;^ two 
Regiul ProfcKOrs uf Dicinily. To the 
place of his education Beutlev was 
ihtoujth life strongly attached. When 
he was ihirtcra yean of age hli father 
died, Icaiing hi* properly lo Jamei, his 
^a by a forniet marriage ; and Richard 
iiiuud to ihe care of hii maier- 
\ pindUlhcr, who loit no lime in 
~diDg him (though at lo lender an 
) la Collc^, and who bequeathed 
o-lbiroa of ibe properly of ilie 
small house in which Ueniley wai born, 
(of whidi ihe preKnt work tui an in- 
Itrealinjf ^iciure,) with seven acres of 
^^Jud adjoioin^ Beniley wds admiiied 
^^^UMbutar «f §L John's College, then 
^^KUr|t<M in Ibe Univeriliv, and un- 
^^K Uic fovcrumeai uf Dr. Turner, af- 
^^^Rvnrdi Bi*hop of Ely, and one of 
^^H^ Tttta piTclaio who made lo noble 
^^Hjunil (at the Church in the time oF 
^^Knn It. or hii 8iudi«aa( the Uui- 
^^Huijr mu lt«rn«<l B' QgiyllM hwfcww 



able to commuoicate no more ihan 
(vbat may be inferred from ihe atiain- 
mcnli which he inhieouenily exhi- 
bited. He. howeier, there laid ihe 
foundation for those exicniive clasiical 
(and ei|iecially raetricalj aiiaiiiaienia 



It that c 









of Terence. Our learned Biogra. 
pher observes, ihal tile ara^ntifd/pHaej, 
which now serve ai a tiimulu* to the 
genius and eKeriions of itudenis, and 
ate the meimi of recording iheir early 
ineriii, had then no eiiitenee. Bu[, u 
he obscTtei, ihc eo/ftiton of latent sure 
lu occur in lo large a locieiy must have 
powerfully o^raled on such a mind as 
Benlley's. The itudiei of ihe schooU 
llien consisted of logic, ethics, n^iural 
philoiophv. and maihemalici. Thai 
Benlley attained a coniiderable know- 
ledge of the mathemaiici, ii inferred 
by Dr. Monk from ihe close and logi- 
cal character of his tiyle, and yet more 
from bit selection of ihe Newtonian 
discoveries, a prominenl subject of hit 
Boyle's Lectures, and the familiatily he 
iherc diiplayi with thai kind of reason. 
ing. Among the iludenis of the same 
year, under Benlley, were Dr. Gatili, 
John Dennis the crilic, Richard John- 
son the grammarian, and William Wot- 
toni the beat authenticaied instance 
of prodigious juvenile learning on re* 
cord, at least of those whose precocity 
of talent has been jusiiiit-d by subse- 
quent Bltainmemi. BEOiley held no 
exbibiiion from his school, and his fi- 
nances were, no doubl, at first slender, 
lill after Iwoyeanbeobuined a scholar- 
ship. At the regular period, Bcntley, in 
iheeighteenih year ofhi) age, com nienc* 
edB.A. with hiiiiameiixibinllie fint 
iripoa. Bui, aa the V ice-Chancellor 
and two Proclois then uominaied each 
one ttudcnt lo a place among ihe ho* 
noun immedialely after the firit maa 
of the year, ihii (as Dr. Monk observes} 
uiakci Benlley's place JAiVJ on (he lis;. 
Bcntley bad now completed hiicduca- 
lion wiih diiiinciion, but was excluded 
from a Fellowship by a provliion of the 
College lututei, ivhich confined the 
number of Fellowt from each county 
10 Itvo. For a couple of years afier ha 
took his degree, our diligent bioitrapheT 
can Itace no notice ofliim. He wa» 
doublleis occupied in laying up those 
ilures of that knowledge which hesoon 
tfierwardt displayed. At the expirk- 
lioB pf lint Upe, ito ftt»* M.»v«rk^9 



i 



so 



Classical LitBRATaRi. 



[July. 



of Spalding School was conferred upon 
him by his College. And when we cou- 
tider his extreme youth, the commis- 
sion of so important a trust implies a 
high opinion both of his scholarship 
and steadiness. In this situation Bent- 
ley continued only a year, insomuch 
that during his lifetime it was very lit- 
tle known that our great Aristarchus 
had ever filled such a post. Had the 
junto of wits who combined their ef- 
forts to bring down this Goliath, got a 
knowledge of this circumstance, they 
would have been but too happy to have 
added '* pedagogue " to their constant 
appellation of " pedant." The want 
of a house of residence at Spalding, 
however, soon induced Bentley to re- 
sign the school for a situation as private 
tutor to the son of Dean Stilliiigileet. 
He was too, we suspect, much influenc- 
ed by that long-tight which minds of 
such a calibre as Beniley's usually pos- 
sess, and which was so remarkable in 
One who bore no small resemblance to 
Bentley, Dr, S. Parr, He, no doubt, 
saw that such a post would consign 
him to uerpctual and hopeless obscu- 
riiv; whereas the situation with Dean 
Stillingfleet gave him some chance of 
making his merits known, and advanc- 
ing himself in life. Had he continued 
at Spalding, he would probably have 
been a Richard Johnson rather than a 
Richard Bcnlley ; and some grammati- 
cal commentaries, or splenetic efibsions 
of hypercriticism against his more for- 
tunate compeers, would have probably 
been all that he would have produced. 
In truth, the very crisis of his fate for 
life turned on the pivot of his accep- 
tance or rejection ofthis situation with 
the Dean, where he enjoyed the use of 
one of the best private libraries in the 
world, with the improvement which 
was sure to be derived from the society 
of one of the most learned men in Eu- 
ro|)e. Bentley took his M.A. degree at 
the usual time, and then, for some years, 
his connection with the University ter- 
minated ; the Dean in whose family he 
lived residing principally in London. 
During thin |)eriod, he prosecuted his 
studies with every advantage, and no 
doubt laid up much of those treasures 
of knowledge from which, in after 
times, he so readily drew forth, like the 
prudent householder in the parable, 
** things new and old." At this time, 
too, though his chief attention was de- 
voted to Classics, yet he bestowed a 
coosiderable share of study on Theo- 
hgy andTthe Criticism of the New Tes- 



tament, and in order thereto applied 
himself closely to the Oriental laa- 
guages, and formed for his own use a 
sort of Hexapla, out of the varioot 
interpretations of Hebrew words ia 
the ancient versions, and also wrote a 
quarto volume of various readings and 
emendations on the Hebrew text, de- 
rived from those versions, which (as 
we think) in the immaturity of his 
judgment, Bentley then appreciated 
too nighly ; being, we suspect, an An- 
tiponciuist, and therefore no very 
sound Hebraist. The advances Bentley 
had made at that early age are the more 
remarkable, when we consider that he 
enjoyed none of those aids which are 
now so well adapted to smooth the path 
of the Classical and Biblical student. 
Grammatical learning was then very 
imperfectly known, and there was 
moreover a great want of good lexicons 
and indexes, which supply such valoa- 
ble assistance to the scholars of the pre- 
sent day. But Bentley, in reliance on 
his own exertions, and drawing from 
his own resources, struck out an origi« 
nal path in criticism, in which his own 
consummate sagacity and subiilty of 
genius enabled him to obtain unrivalled 
pre-eminence. 

In order to effect the important pur- 
poses in view, he did not rely on his 
memory (which, unlike the case of his 
predecessors Scaliger and Salmasius, 
and his successors Porson and Parr, was 
not extraordinary), but on the habit 
which he practised through life, of not- 
ing down (usually in the margin of his 
books) the thoughts which suggested 
themselves to his mind. Nay, he even 
formed for his own use indexes of va- 
rious authors; a course, by the way, 
which was diligently followed by the 
mighty critics and philologists of the 
Dutch school. Bentley did not (from 
the unsettled state of the^Church in the 
reign of James II.) enter into holy or- 
ders till some years after the usual age. 
But, upon his patron Dean Stillinff- 
fleet being promoted to the Bishoprick 
of Worcester, he took Deacon's oraere, 
March l6th, 1689-gO, from the Bishop 
of London, and was appointed Chap- 
lain to his Patron. He a little before 
had accompanied his pupil James Stil- 
lingfleet, to a residence in Wadham 
College, Oxford, as his private tutor, 
and was incorporated M.A. of that 
University. Here he resided some time 
under very favourable circdmstances ; 
his connection with the Bishop of 
Worcester having introdaced him to 



Bbhop Monk'n Life of Soitby. 

Ltw nalicc a( Mine of ihc diitinguished brated Haiy 

Khobnof llw Univenity. wilh whom Beniley, at ihi 

bit own mcriu toon placed him on ■ "" ' ' ' ' 

fooUKKorintimacj. Here Bentlcy full; 

iTiiled hiniMlf nfthe boutiJIeis Irca- 

uito of ihe Bodleian. and colleciedma- 

Iciiiit Tot miaut wnrhs which he me- 

ditaiedin widely difTerenl departinenU 

nf liivraiure. Alwiit ihii lime, he was 

eiiifiloyed liy tome lending heads at Ox- 

Tont lo neeotisie ilie puichsK o( the 

Libniy ot Itaae VoMiiit, auppoied lo 

be ihc richcsi private collccuon in ex- 

oloTtd by the petmni wilh whom he 
It*! 10 neeociate, (he irealy wni broken 
olT, •nd iht library, without any fault 
of hii. Io*t to Osfnid. Bentley now 
mediiated, ai the foutidatinii of hit 
fame, ammpletecolleciinnof the FraR- 
menlt of the Greek Poett i a vait iin- 
dcruking, bikI of iiupendom difficulty. 
•« nuy be imij^ined from the collection 
Benllry aciiially made iif the fra|;mcnli 
of one lingleiulhof, Callimaehui. The 
I wii, however, abaiiilnncd for 



: Prolejcomena, and 
'q^uest of Mill and 
Bishop Lloyd, was mduced to ruinish 
an Appenda. couched in the form of an 
" Epiilola Crilica ad Millinm." On 
thii work Dr. Monk makea the follow- 
ingpcmnenlobtcrtationsip. 2:1, elicq. : 
'■ The vuiiDs and (ccuiaM laniog, ud 
aiton'tbing lagseity diiplaycd in thb Eptv- 
tie, »tlract»d ths atltfatioD of every pennn 
c^ble at judfiinc upon luah lubjacti. Tb« 
orlcinalily of Benllcv'i ityle, the baldneaa 
of h» npinioD*, uidmi lecura rtliucs npon 
unlailiog ilorei of leaniiDg, all mtrkid liim 
out u ■ iitholai to b* ranked with Scillf«r, 
CuanboD, ud GaUker. Not»ithitan<iing 
the raluetance with wliicb tbe preteniloni 
of a arir aothor are utnilly admitted, and 
the mall Damber orpecioni tu wham inch 
writing* Hcrs likely to rrmmrnind them- 
xltn, w* fiad ibu tbe fame nf our <'(itie 
•u at once eitabliibed: amonR foreicn 
acholan in particular, iheienulinn produced 



rrry valid r. 



I Dr. Monk 



Gneviui ■ndSpanbi 

coulelkclon of litei 
the brilliancy of ' 



ncHi I 



.mpledi and 
> ehieh of Iba 



n tbe' 



iainir 






otncrvni'Mhcohjeci is better answered 

by aereral editors, each peculiarly versed ^ thi. eway 

in hisownauthoi, annexina U) hii en- ineahanilibli 

tire works the fmgnxiilg of tht 

h«<e perished.'* Benllev at 

■Its devoted a contiderable ati 

the C«vk Lexicoeraphen. and under- 

taqk.M Bishop Stilling Beet's suggestion, 

to publiah them in columns in one Cor- 

^1 but on Bndtns that it was al- 

mnt iinptacticahle, he abandoned the 

achonet bat the notes he had prepared 

were (xceedinRly valuable, especially 
on tttifeUtu, hj far the mast impor- 

unt, but the moat corrupt, we do not 
lay ofail artciem Lexicnni, but of all 

Greek wriicn, since of this there Ig only 
one most incorrect MS. in existence. 
Bat while Bcnilcy was meditating this 

■nd otbci work* of magnitude and im- 

porunce, meic chance direcied his at- 

teotioQ to a ■ubjcci which 

mean* of ntablishing hi* 1 

fame M » Critic. An 10 tie the numc- 

roui Chroi>iclei compiled from ancient 

■oorcct by early Christian writers, of 

the es«nii from Adam lo their lime, 

'\n tliai of Joannes Malela*. Of ihis 

"nlyone copy was in exislence. An 

•dition of this attlhor had been pre* 

; -rrd by Gregory and Chilmead of Ox- 

'<i, •■ ' i-impanicd with learned notes ; 

: ■^.^ hfoDuKtautal the OKford 

' '[ ihe tuperinlendrncer>r Or. 

;.. ,^iwarda the editor of iheGrrek 

^^^^^^^^ Xb ibit work, tlie <-c(c- 



II like the D 



ipated 

Tbe leaiflinit 

rflomngofan 

of tbe maoy tnpioa 

hioh claim Htenlion. vg may panicnUrly 

atiM that tb« true nature of the coiopila- 

on nf HeBychiDi, and the mod* by which 

3 errors migbi iie corrfceed, ni hen lirtt 

lode knova : and (bat. by following the path 

oinlwl out by fientlsy, the main improie- 

" ■ " ' ' lh»l lUy to the 



buted. The 1 



I till graEi6catio[ 

■here he is sure E« iottruot < 
reader. A penon wboopeos 

abttiact ID|i>o> is agreeably lurprised hy 
ting oitb information i ~ ' 



in felt bya writer eugaged 



with Ihe 



.rivalled 



on by the spirited cbarsci 

"Such waa tbe production whieb 
ed the fkme of Bentley, at the w^ 1 
niae,in thehigWl rank ofliuiary t 
and from thu nament the eye> 
•eholar in Europe were filed upon 
rations. Great aa is ' 



..ibiye. 



apP" 






_.j ... he easy to Mm* a 

critical nsay which. foraccancy. Ingenuity, 
and original' learning, can take place of the 
' Appendii to MoJelis.' " 

Bentley now (esolved 10 devote him- 
sclr to Theology, but being tummoned 
back to the Classics by (hr general voice 
of the Iciirncd world, he lei himself to 

firrpare new editions ot VW\\mUi.\m, 
(wjchiuj, and MaotViut ■, vVw m>.\i^^ 



Classical LiVuatvhi^. 



v^t. 



(fays Dr. Monk) of such difftrant de- 
aonpiiont, and rtquirio^ in tb« Editor 
ftaefi different qnalifttationi, ai fonn a 
proof of the fertility of his learning and 
the enerytyof hit mind. He never actually 
brought out any one of these writers, 
JeaTina Philosiratos to Olearius, and 
Hesychius to Alberti ; but his appara- 
tus of critical remarks on the two last 
were very valuable to the above editors 
aome years afterwards. Bentley was 
now (lGg2) appointed Boyle's Lecturer, 
and the subject of the discourses was a 
Confutation of Atheism, in opposition 
to Spinoza and Hobbes, whose perni* 
cious principles, thouah they had been 
ably combated b^Cudworth and Cum- 
berland, yet required to be assailed in 
tome more popular and effective man- 
ner. 

*' Tht reader of these dwcoorsei," laya 
Dr. Monk, <• is isformed aad ddlghtvd by 
the variety of knowledge which tbe^ ooolaio» 
and iheir close and oooviacing train of ran* 
eoning. The success with which Bentley 
wmaaks the tenets of the atheisti erapples 
With his arguments, andei(t>oses hit nllaoiet, 
h^M^ never been aurpatted, and actroeljr 
•quailed, in the wars of controversy. He 
atsadily follows up hb antagonist, and never 
Mis to dislodge aina from bis positions. V»- 
riottf as are the topics whicn come nnder 
diaeuttion, be appeart at home in all, and die- 
pkyt a familiarity with metaphytics, natural 
nisuiry, and philosophy, altogether wonder* 
Inl in a person coming ficesh from the field of 
' oriticlsm." 



In the course of this work BentW 
availed himself of the aid of Newton^ 
immortal discoveries in philosophy, 
Jind indeed was the first to make tnem 
known to the world. To do this the 
more successfully, he corresponded 
much with Newton himself, and was 
aided by many valuable suggestions 
from him, so that, as our Biographer says^ 

**Thb department of natural Theology 
bas never yet been so satisfactorily illut- 
tmted. The stvie is rsmarkeble* not only 
fcr Its vigour, but for a certain epigrimma« 
tie and witty torn, which gives it a peon* 
Kar character and effeot, original, laaQly, 
and unoomprombing, and ev ety seatenee bas 
lis weight.^' 

' Before the year was over, Bentley 
Iras presented to a Prebend in Worces- 
ter Cathedral, and his residence fixed 
for the months when the Bishop was 
t\ Worcester. The repnution aodpro- 
ttmtion which he had now attamed 
pcodueed the usual eflSect, envy, which 
#M increased by a certain haughtiness 
f flpUMMr add ^ain-slortoasnesa which 
W m'tbAitgrofttnatiditnogihtntd 



with his strtogth, and which may 
«hiefly, perhaps, be attributed id hn 
being in a great measure ttN^taugki. 
This year Bentley com meneed a corres- 
pondence wiih the celebrated J. J. 
i^rsevius of Utrecht, the most distin* 
guished scholar of his time; which 
continued until the death nf'Grsvius. 
All their letters are preserved, and are 
highly interesting, on various accounts. 
Graevius had now in hand an edition 
of Callimachus, to which Spanheim 
furnished an ample Commentary, and 
Bentley a full collection of the frag^ 
ments dispersed in various authors^ 
more than doubling those of former 
editors, and evincing a learning and 
critical acumen equalto that of almost 
any of his productions. In iCQi-^, 
Bentley was appointed Keeper of Ihe 
King's Library, at a salary of 2001, a 
year, then a considerable sum» InlGgi, 
he was summoned to preach his second 
course of Boyle*s Lectures. His subject 
was the defence of Christianity against 
the objections of infidels. These werk 
unfortunately never given to the world, 
and in whose possession the MS. now 
is. Dr. Monk has never been able to 
discover. Amidst these engagement I 
and this rising fame, Bentley became in- 
Tolved in that dispute which forms a 
prominent feature in hit life, the Cbn- 
iraveny on the Episties of Phalaris. 
The origin and progress ol this is de*- 
tailed with gi^ai perspicuity and abi* 
h'tv by our Biographer. We knonv not 
whether we shall make it fully under- 
stood to the reader in the following 
slialit sketch. 

This dispute had its Origin in the 
controversy concerning the respective 
merits of the Ancientsand the Modems, 
in which Fontenelle and Perrank stre- 
nuously, but incauiioutly, maintained 
the superiority of the Moderns ; while 
Sir W.^ Temple as stiffly maintained 
the claims of the Antients: running 
into the opposite extreme, by claiming 
for them a superiority In every depart* 
ment, not only in aenius and taste, but 
In philosophy and science. His ren^ 
soning is, however, inconclusive, his 
views shallow, his credulity ridiculoos, 
his manner too dogmatical ; and his 
whole work savours more of a College 
declamation than a calAn enquiry. 
However, it was mubh read and ap* 
ofauded, even by Boilean and Racine ; 
out the imperfections of the disquisi- 
tion became apparent to unprejudiced 
and cool thinkers. Tliis induoed Woi- 
ton to pot forth his '' RefleOtions on 



j> llonk'i li/k of BtttUf. 



I and Modern Learning," In 
hewcigUi ihe argiimciuiorilie 
HlctMoipiwit, and hIjuii* the rct|i*c- 
it lo tiifirrioriiy. Thli sound, 
, inil candid intjuiry, tv.is npc- 
jHlf Mceplabir, inrr IlieiWlow nnd 
~t)a<oilnr]r ones wflitcli had |necrdcd 
Thnufh [iiohMedlf an uiii|itre, he 
-vfrtaiirnily i>de< with Fonteiielle 
I with Sir W. Temple. Ainnng 
srar^mcnii Tor llie decay of tiu- 
1115, ihe lailcr had ventured to 
« lliit the otddt boolti extant 
.lill the bnlin tlielr kiucl.Bdduc- 
tainplci what were UcMeved to 
DoM aticicnt prose writers, /Ac 
Wrt »/ Jitep. and ihc Fpiilhi uf 
■ \am. Thew Benlley. in cotinr- 
n with Wotutn, maintamed lo be 
Mithcr old nor good, nor rven seou- 
Imuok lo ruini^n his 
end with pioofioriheir bcing/nrgF' 
(. in time for ihc publication of hii 
Qfk, but, owing lo a preiiofbaiincsa 
1 a SipMilinn to proerailiaate, he 
' ' in hia en^iigcment, and thus 
oo's publicalioti Bppcareil without 
lOliw of the Tyrant or the Fabu- 
Howeier, the panegyric on Pha- 
» b; l)ie niosi pnjnilar writer of the 
—cited in the pubhc a wish to he- 
me icooiiBled with his inimitable 
pistln. TheDeio oFChtiil Chnrch, 
Kford, hod been accustomed to set hU 
I Kholars to give new editions of 
il woiki, and to preitnl a coiiy of 
veiT young mnu in his college 
, tat igifl, which remind* one of 
Uutkindofjolnt stock system by which 
ifac learned Benediciinei wereenabkd 
lotend forth those nohU editions ofihe 
Gmk Fathers. TheEdilorsi^lected for 
Phalarii »u the Hon. Mr. Bo};le, bro- 
ther (a ibc Earl of Orrery, auiited by 
M(. Freind (ifierw-itds tne celebrated 
)thyw«ian) his piiratc tutor. l''or the 
•etriee of thi» edition it was thought 
jmp«t to collate MSS. one of which 
wn* in the library ofSt. James's. Mr. 
Boyle wrote to a bookseller of the 
nime of Bennet, desiring him lo get 
ihii MS. collated ; who, tficr many 
unlceouDtable delays, npplied to Mr. 
Beoriey (before he was librarian) as he 
WK one day in hii ihop. lo procure a 
loin of the MS.) but as Ihe upplic.ition 
hid not been made to him, Bentley 
look no great ttonbleabnul the mailer, 
and eTm looke illghiiugly of Phalaris. 
Bennntiill. however, jirocrisiinaling, 
aftcrafrcah application far the colbtion, 
hid th« blam* of the delay on fieot- 



ley had Boicd uncourtenusly. After 
auaiher and more urgent Uiltr, the 
bookseller (atiil [lefjlcciful of the busi- 
ness) happening to meet Benlicy in the 
street, leiiewcd his reijuirsi for the MS. 
which was delirered the same day, 
with an injunction, however, li» lote 
no time in toiiitniiig tlie book, a* tie 
was goin^ shortly out of lown, .inJ 
must replace it. This promptitude in 



II thcci 






anythinic but uiicourtcous or disoblig- 
ing. The lime of his leaving London 
now approacliing, and as be w«s lo sqt 
olT 01) a Monday morning Tor Worces- 
ter, he ihe uieceding Salurduy applied 
to Bcnnci for lite tK>ok, whicli had 
been in bis jtosaession (iie, or, usuime 
s.ty, nine diiys. The bookiellcr, lioiv- 
eter, had n'rglected lo put ihu book 
inia tbe hands of the collator (who 
wat a meie corrector of the prcji) until 
the very last, so that comparatively 
little of tbe MS. was collated when 
Benllry demanded and obtained llie 
book. To conceal his blame Ihrough- 
out ihe wholcailiiit, tbe wily bibliopole 
thought it his interest lo create such a 
thorough quarrel between the patties as 
mi^ht preclude all future explanation. 
Now in ibi) alTjir it Is clear that no 
blame can be aitached to Bcntlejr ; and 
Boyle was only censurable forgiving too 
implicit ciedii to an nnwortby agent 
On Ihe publication of ihePhalatis, the 
Eililor reflected upon Bcniley for Ibit 
fancied uncourteousness, by the words, 
"cujus MS" copian ulteriotem Bib- 
liotbecarius, pro lingulan lui humani- 
tale, negavii." Whereupon Bentley 
wioie lo Boyle, explaining the real 
slate of the case, and requiring that 
the offensive leaf should be cancelled, 
This, as the work was already pub- 
llsbed, was impossible. There were 
indeed oihi-r modes of retiaciaiion, but 
Boyle coldly rrjccled all tncificover' 
lurei. And thus bis whole conduct 
was alike nnjuatiriablc. Beuitcy was 
urged by hit friends to publicly vindi- 
cate himieir from the calumny: I'"' 
hui good sense withheld him from 
bringing private coinulainta before the 
public. And thus the afLir fur Iha 
present lerminaied. 

(To t( coDltnttcd.) 



» Classic All LiURAftriB.— OA'Aforbi'dlitc Poetry. [Jidf, 

On MacaRomic PobtrY. '0</i(ttni<m thl ti xa) toU croT^ tijwo*^. 

Mr. IhtBAN, July 20. CEdip. Tjraii. Sophocltt. 

AS if our reading hours were not ''E<rtf<rcl <r\ «$ t<ra<rn, 'EXXn'w* ocrw. 

safficiemly occuoied in the pc- Mede* Euripides. 
nisal of works of real instruction or 



Rmusement, there have been learned 
Iriflers in every age, who have amused 
themselves at least (if not their rea- 
ders^» by the production of almost im- 
possible literary buffooneries. A man 
of this class puts you in mind of one 
of the gifted followers of the valiant 
Captain Tranchemont, who wasobliged 
to tie his legs together, that he might 
not overrun his prey. If the readers 
of these difficiles nugce, are as open to 
ridicule as the writers, perhaps I should 
not say much on the subject, as I 
-confess to having looked over several 
Df these publications in my earlier 
days. The best excuse is, that ah 
overgrown puzzle, which might require 
days to compose, is skimmed through 

in a few minutes. Having made a _^„. „, „_„_, „„. ^ „,^, 
few memoranda, chiefly on Macaronic How high his HighoeM bokb & haughty 



lofiuis oamque podor prohlbtbat plun pro- 
i^lr— nonet. 

Nod potuit ptucb plura plau^ proloqui.-— 

Plautot. 

Libera lingmi loquuntur lodis libenliboe.-*- 

Nieviui, 

But our business at present is with 
affected alliteration, sucn as the line of 
Ennius, 

O Tite, tote, Tati, tibi tiaU, Tyianne, 
tolitti: 

also verses of this description^ 

Mechioa mmlta aaiMa minitattir maaioia 

nurtii 
and. 

At Tuba leiribill tonltra taimtantara tmsit ; 
and the well-known lines on Wolsey, 
Begot by batchers, bot by bishops bred. 



poetry, I now offer them for your ser- 
vice; with some hesitation, as their 
length may seem more than the subject 
warrants. Still, as I am not aware 
that it is to be found elsewhere In a 
connected form, it may save some loss 
of time to those inclined to throw away 
a leisure hour or two in search of these 
quaint compositions, by referring them 



heMl! 

to which may be added the following^ 
attributed to rorson, 

Guie decaoe oanei ne tu csoe case dacsne, 
De cane sed caois caoe deosne cane. 

However, as poems of this kind are 
usually claued as Macaronic, we will 
refer them to that head, and just men- 
tion the labours of some learned lippo> 



to the principal works. As you have -r, — 

also given notice that you are desirous grammatists, with a few other studied 

ofreccivins Classical communications, trifles, to which the following anec* 

and thus fill up the blank left by the dote, given by D*Israeti in the second 



decease of the Classical Journal, I am 
the more emboldened to send this 
'paper ; not that it has any claim of re- 
gular connection with Classic litera- 
ture, but that Journal itself, confined 
as it expressly was to one branch, did 
not think it incompatible to publish 



volume of his amusing '* Curiosities of 
Literature, may serve as an apt illosira^ 
tion: 

'• The OrienUlists are not without this 
literary fellv. A Fertian poet read to the 
eelebrated Jaml a gaael of his own eonipo* 
aition, which Jami did not like : but. the 



at length one of Dr. Geddes's Maca- •^ '•?***'» »J ^ notwithstjodiDg, a 

ronic Pbems, together with notices oT ^"jow sonnet, for tlie Utter ^^ was not 

the Pogna PorcSum, and other similar "^ ^ f?°?f* "* ^^l^t S? '^ '^'^ ' ^.T 

. !■ -^ ttrautieallj raplied, < You can do a Iwtter 

P»WKW«ly to enlenng on the Maca. ,„4 ^ord rou hare iritMo.' " 

ronic writers, it maT not be out of ri^. . t • . •. l 

character to touch on some other pecu- ^'"* •^?"" 'PPf !" '" •"'* •?'? ' 

liar and affected $t,Ie. of versification, •*r"« '""?'" = . »»" '~oininendaium 

bearing K>me aiialbgy to it. For some |?W*" ,^. "^ !''»'ee " ?«»«»» ««> "ih" 

of the "example. I am indebted to the "?° fT^'-l'^V^^ f"** Tl'^ 

Joornal joat mentioned, especially for •Pl"f?°t «"* »"'"•?■!' «yP« «■»««. hot- 

those from the classic writin, among f^ paper forced into a ficm.oua 

whom may be found the following ',"'* .•'"'"7" «? currency, would, l.ke 

•ecidcntal Meeimen. of alliteration : "*? ^""" banknotes, be reduced to a 

« ,, ^ , , valueless residuum. 

tt mXf *i««Xi*To, wOif ^^fiKln •»- Among the most laborious of these 

^»*»nii IIwsr« literary exoeriroentalisis, is Tryphio^ 



55 

or which is allriliiilcd to 
Saiades^licncoonieiimcecalli^ilSotadic 
vcnrs : ihough, a bieher aulhority is 
someiioipB giirn for ihese, ai itie fint 
'pccimcn ii said to huTc been an eit. 
lemporary effiwion of some unrortimale 
dxmon, who wss catrying (by com- 
pulsion, of course) a certain fat canon 
of Combrf mer, from Bayeux to Rome j 
Ihcy read [he aame backwards and for- 



K] Clasbicai. LiTBBATOBE. — On Macaronic Poetry. 

a Greek poet aod gtammarian 
h(£fypt.iiiihe»iKlhcenliiry. Anxious 
~' oiil-do Homer, he nrote a poem on 
* dalinclion ofTroy, in twenty-four 
',«, from the fim of wliich the 
i« carefully nclnded, from (he &e- 
ind the 0, and «o on, through the 

jL^'lindi mentions a nrote work by 
Val^cmiiui, in iwenty-iiirre chapters, 
I'hcrcin a similar tyiiem of exclusion 
P adopted for the l^lin alphabet: 
*io an ode by Pindar, nhere the lettet 
■ purposely omillcd ; and (iie novels 
y Lopc« de Vega, the iifil of which 
) without the iQwcl a, the second 
■.ke. JniheAnlhol.Grxc. 
El- H. Sieph. arc porms in praise of 
'lut and of Apollo, on a dlflVrcnl 
They consist of tweniy-four 
cs, each vrord in ihe first line be- 
bining with a. in iheiecond line with 
apdsoon, e.g. 

lu^n, o^^amoi, ssiJifiet, i,y\aa- 

i to t'Ttt, yiyari aXnntf yt' 



iole irtd 
Also, 



i TbcN aie »ome well-known English 

• in tlie same style, ridiculing ihe 

ja of Iktgrade, and beginning 

* A«i(riui trmj itvfully mmj-cd, 

_ aUly bf imtlicTf beiieged Belgrade. 

^Even the learned Aldhelm indulges 

""biiiK oceaaionally with some ciiriooa 

nek*. In the preface to his poem De 

d« Virgtnuro, consisting oflbirty- 

t lines, the first and last lines con- 

inie words, but in ibe last 

e they ore relrograde. The rcspec- 

e tints bttEin with the successive 

^tcn of the lirst line, and finish with 

' t oT the InH line! thus, ibe first 

les, and the collected inilial 

d final lelltn of ihe lines, consist of 

■ tame words ; but, in the last line, 

' word* occur backwards, and in 

Iplleciing the linat Icitert, they mutt 

1e read upwards. 

' Rhooalic verses (from piJraXo, ibc 
Tub of Hercules) beein with a moiio- 
Ml*bl«, and grailuairy increase, as, 

afeci, duct'iuime, dulclioiiorun. 



If 'Atlifin , uoimyni (, oxCioJaii juir, 
II. ■]. isa. 
i JImihit du* mtMiia of iboMc, ibe 



'e pede, ede, perede mslos. 



inn Komi rege Cacente, 
Rooil t*ge» ana aon aaui egir •mnr. 
where tlie word non serres ai a pivot. 

These rerses are also called palin- 
dromes, from TctSji and J{o(«fii. In the 
following line, not only is the verse it- 
selfa palindrome, but each particular 

Odo tenet oiDliun, mappaia mididam teaet 

Round the font at Sandbach in 
Cheshire, and many olbcr places, in- 
cluding the Church of St. Sophia, at 
Constantinople, is this inscription t 
NIfON ANOMHMA MH MONAN 
0*1 N." 

A lawyer once chose for his motio 
" Si nummi itnmunis." And a noble 



spicionsagainst her, " Ablata, 
at alba ;'' the device on her seal being 
the moon paiily obscured by a cloud. 

The words madani, eye, and a few 
others, are j)Blindromes; so that, like 
the bourgeon etntithomme, who talked 
sir his life wiihoul knowing It, 



'peat exleniporary palindromes 
m uller ignorance of our talent. 



Thw is" a redeeming quality, by the 
bye, 10 conceal any talent we nave, 
when we are so proud of displaying 
thoic we have not. Indeed, ogr ta- 
lents may often be divided in the same 
nay as some handwriting I have heard 
of; lirsl, such ai nobody can lind 001 ; 
second, what none but ourselves can 
discover; and thirdly, what our friends 
also can discern. Wc will close these 
palindromes, afier mentioning an Eng- 
lish one by Taylor, the water-poet, 
Uwd did I live 81 evil 1 did dael, 
• S*e out June Mi6»iin«,?.W. 



Classical LiTBRAT0RB.^«-Daiiim*« Lexicon, &c; V^^ 

Ad Ferdinandum Ramanorum Rigaiu 

RomuIidAm bone Rex, magno lU Casstr* 
major. 
Nomine, nee fktw, aut minor imperio. 

A complete specimen appears in a 
line applicable either to Cain or Abel, 
being also hexameter one way, and 
pentameter the other. Abel sayi, 
Sacraropinguedabo^necmtcrum sacrifioabo. 

To which Cain replies, 
Sacrificabo macrum, oec dabo pingue sacrom. 
(To he continued, J W. 

Mr. Urban, Thetford, July 6. 

THE following trifles are at your 
service, and you will not expecY 
better from me : parvum parva decent. 

I. Damm*s Lexicon Homericum et 
Pindaricum, 

Your correspondent R. S. Y. in the 
Number for April, p. 2Q2, desired to 
know in what estimation Damm*8 
Lexicon was held bv scholars. I can 
only say to this worthy TiTtJsTATius 
(Cic. adHer.'iv, \2), that I frequently 
use the work myself, and always derive 
much information from it. Those 
who do not possess a copy of Eusta- 
THius's Commenlariet on Horner^ will 
find the substance of his explanations 
in Damm*8 work. My worthy friend^ 
the Rev. H. Hunting ford, B. D. 
has published an edition of Pindar^ 
with Damm*8 Pindaric Lexicon, sepa- 
rated from the Homeric; ** Lexicon 
Pindaricum ex integro Dammii Opere 
Etymologico excerplum, et justa Serie 
dispositoro, Editio altera,*' 1831, 8vo. 
The book was published for the use of 
Winchester school, and is dedicated to 
Dr. Gabell. He happily selected the 
following motto: ** uaumii Lexicon 
Homerico" Pindaricum f Berol. 17()6, 
opus Herculei laboris, in quo utinam 
Pindarica seorsum ab Homericis vul- 
gasaet!'* Hxthb*s Prt^. ad Find. 
Carm. The original work has been 
reprinted, or is now reprinting in Gcr« 
many. 

n. Viia Clarorum Anglice Phihla^ 
gorum. 

R. S. Y. in vour June Number, 
p. 487. asks, •• Why have not we our 
own FUce Clarorum Philologorum, as 
scholars on the continent have theirs ?** 
I reply that I sympathise with hint 
in this feeling. 1 have long been de- 
sirous to supply the (/f5t(/era/um; I have 
made some preparations towards fill- 
ing up the vacuum, and I believe that 
aoooec or later he will sjee the design 



S^ 



with an enigma, where all the words 
required are palindromes. 

The answers will be easily disco- 
vered. 

** First find out a word that dotir illence 
proclaim, [the tame, 

And that backwards and forwards is always 
'llien next you must find out a feminine name 
Tliat backwards and forwards is always the 
same ; [name 

An act, or a writing on parchment, whose 
Both backwards and forwards b always the, 

same; 
A fruit that is rare, whose botanical name, 
Read backwards and fdihrards is always the 

same; 
A note esed in music, whieh time doth pro- 
claim, [same ; 
And baekwarda and forwards is always the 
Their iniiials connected, a title will fnimt. 
That is justly the due of the fair married 

dame, 
Which backwards and forwards is always the 
same." 

Another invention is, that of verses 
that may' be read either forwards or 
backwards ; and in the laiier case, ge- 
nerally meaning quite the reverbc of 
the apparent sense, and including 
sarcasm or satire. This sort was some- 
times called Verse Lyon, and Sidonius 
is said to have invented it, or to have 
made frequent use of it. The follow- 
ing lines have hern frequently quoted 
ai specimens of the style, written in 
praite of Pope Clement VI. or Pius II. 
but of which, learned authorities are 
not quite agreed. It seems, the poet 
was afraid he might not obtain the re- 
ward that he deserved in his own esti- 
mation, and therefore retained the 
)iower of converting his flattery into 
abuse, by simply givmg his friends the 
cue, to read from the last word back- 
wards. 

Fauperibns tua das gratia, nee munera curaa 
Curia Papalis, quod modo perelpimus. 

LauB tua, non tua frans, virtus non co|Ma 
rertun, 
Snndere te faciunt, hoc decus eximium. 

Conditio tua sit stabUis, nee tempore parvo 
Vivere te facial hic Deus omnipotens. 

Of a similar description are these 
three distichs by J. Bellay, a French 
poet. 

Ad JuIiuM UL Pontificem Maximum, 
Pooti6ci sua sint Divino Numine tuta 

Cnlmina, nee montea hos petat Omni- 
poiens. 

Ad Carolum K Casarem. 
ChMareuBi tibi ait felici sidere nomen, 
Oat^^f ^>9t htnm sit tibi Oesarcum. 



193tK3 CLAsncAt. LjterAtdhb/— Tlliulrafiont of Ilorace- 



3" 



curieil inlo cxecuiiou. My inltniion 
n, however, to cxicml ihc pliin ta ai 
10 iiicluJc tlic Euiilincnul icholaii, 
nlitoit, criiics, alitl philologiita, Lif- 
iiits. SAM4ASiti9, ice. anS lo .-nake 
tbe tvutk a Supplcmciit lo mj cilitioD 

Lbuprilrb 9 Clattical Dielianaty. 

'ih ihii view 1 have rci^uesicil Pko- 
Ahthok of New York, 






rtia1> fix i 






inng 

Lrmpritrr, when il \t culltd for, 

•n 111 ihe Apptudi^c suiiatilc iin- 

if Lipsius, Salmasids, he. 90 

itiai ih( iiiiileul may hare, in s cosi* 

injiiius and scceuiblE rorm, ihat Xa- 

which he muil neceuarily 

so nianj insianct). Thi* 

o( tlK work will be cilendeil by 

^ ibabilily il will have 

■ *e|Kit*le liilc-page. Tor the accoinmo- 

d*U»n of Uiose who wish to j^urchaie 

ihc book as a fcpstaie puUiciiioa, anJ 

OM Ji a Siipnirmeni 10 Lemjuicrt. [ 

" ibanklully receive uiiy public 

DC MS. iiialeriaU froiii your Cur- 

' ihit purpose. In ihe 

. fer R. 5. Y. lo a woik, 

'h will furniih him wiih very ac- 

lle Ml] valuable iDformalion, even 

Engliah icholan of ihe nldcr) 

Cur. Saxii Onomaslican 

Aud lo ihc Ihird vol. of 

ItTEKll Lexifon Aiili- Darbarum. 

III. Horace. Episi. 2, 2, IS. Meo 

pauftr in arc. 

'oar corrcipondenl H. B. in yout 
" ibef, p. 488, solicils any re- 
I the above quoleil pii»agc, 
I hailen lo gralify his wishei, and 
iliify hi) doubts. The eniire pas- 
Cicero, to which the Delpkin 
* and Dr. Francis allude, ii 

fUt! Imma Incupiei <r>t. Debe- 

I tru f imiDu cliuD, uilvquuu 1d- 
, Hmptr libefiliiiimua munifimituii- 
w tiiit." Or. ptu. a. IlMC. Cbmndu, 

KBJTt, in hii Index Lalinilalii, 
, NkPmt, merely says: " Hose. 
8. verMrJin luii numu.oppouiiur, 
•tahttio.'' Anil Gesneii, in his 
"■- L. »ub. V. FeriBT .— " In suis 
I veriatalUT, i. mulus pecuniaa 
nihil (lebebat. Hxc Bc- 




t pBunge of Cicero, let us 

re the following. Cic. Ve.t. 4, 6 : 

iloem video non modo in k(c 

o nalld. Md In suit uuidIs multi^i 



b,s<e ant «er(ari iii otiini), pecu- 
iiiain habere, Cic. Vcrr. 4, fi. pio 

ItosC. Conj. S.'' FoNCKLtlHUS. 

In both the inslances Cicero ii speak- 
ing of men, who were so fat from 
being in debt, ihat ihey were rather in 
a eondiiioii to lend money. 

But in the tine of Horace, the cha- 
racter described is living on a imall in- 
dependence { though not rich, he is 
above want ; he is free from debt, but 
has no money lo place at inlereit or to 
])urchase luxuries ; his wealth is unin. 
cumbered poverty, and hii ample in- 
come is the sufficiency for his wanta, 
with moderate views and a contented 

In my excellent and learned fiicnd 
PttofESSDR Anthqn's valuable edi- 
tion of Horace, published ni New 
York in the piesenk year, 1 find the 



folioi 



-ing a 

" MtO JUT 



1 pauper « 



onfe» 



'1 ■ 



' Nifail alicui 



IDoiI prubtbl^. The 
quidqiuun delieo." 

But there is, in my opinion, no 
prnof, and lillle prohaHlity , that the 
expression was proverbial. In Oes- 
Nkr's Thts. L. t. sub. v. Pauper, we 
have the following satisfactory expU- 



" rauprr quidim 

]uain d(beu, Pohph' 

D Buro,' Seuu, Hi 

It will ihrow sc 



sum, >cd U 



ing of the word pauper. 

" Pavper, eui p»iva et angiut* lei funi- 
liiils eit, qui ana affluit opibni, oec Utota 



la. FurcelliBU. " Pauprrtai, hi lub- 
joini, " diffcrt ab fgtilali, qux sit cum rH 
ad >Uun neceiurue detunti pauprrlas, cum 

Pand. 6, I. " litaai pauperutem vel po- 
liui egeitatim ac tntndicilateai luani nun' 
qiiaoi oUciiie Inliiti," Seueea Epiit. B7. 
•uli. (Id. ''PauperilseBt, nouquie paucapoi. 
■idet, led qm« mulla nan jpoiiidel," Val. 
Mil. 4, 8, S, 'Pabini in honorem pattiK 
pauperlatein inopia mniAtfit. Seneca Octav. 
ins, 'bene panpertag Huioili lecto ctin- 
teola latet.' Sspv cum innpui « (^inaVi 
canAuiditni.'" 



se 



OtktnchJ, lATnkTvuT.^—IUittiraHoni cf Horace. 



[July, 



* OttNiR r— ** Pauper proprid mediamest 
iot#r dioiLm •% mendtcunh ncmpe cui aeoet* 
MTiA tMitnm mppetuDt, eum pmipefem to* 
Wit. Mvtial. 11» 83. Nestoram plant 
oihil htUntMti derid«D» * Nee tng% nee 
^«a est,' etc. iufialty 

* Tu tamen affectaty Neater, dici atqoe viderl 

* Pauper, et io populo qeasrii habere lo- 
cuniy 

* Menttriy vaaoqne tibi blandiris honore : 

' * Noo eat paapertai, Nestor, habere nihil.* 

. Add. Bbouckh. ad Tib. 1 » 1 » 3. 

'Me inea panpertas Titee tradocat inerti, 
'Duoi mens assidao loceat igne focut. 
f-Nec apea dcatitnat, aed mignm temper 

aoervos 
< Pmbeaty et pleno pioguia mutta laca/ 
: Cf. Drakbnb. ad Sil. i. 609." 

- I will conclude with noticing two 
mages of the words cBt meum :— -> 

** Translate in mre meo esse aliqois dici- 
tnr, qui ineus est, sen inter meos amtcos et 
■ecessaAos ceesctur; dncta aimilitudine a 
posseesiene peenoia. Cie. Fam. IS, 6S. 
f In animo hafani te in nre meo esse, peofH 
ter Lamise aoatri conjunctionem. Adde 
i6, 14. \\JEre suocetueri, est in se Btti« 
mabilem esse, nee aliunde egere eommen* 
^a^ione. Seneca Epist. 87* ' Virtus super 
istil 9opsistit» suo sere oensetnr.'" FoR- 

CILLINOS. 

Yoars, &c. E. H. Barker. 

Mr. Urbaf, Penzance, June, • 

IN the biography of Dr. Stieyd Da- 
vies, an<r in that of Mr. Phelpt, 
mntained ia the first volume of Mi- 
choU's "Illustrations of Literature," 
and written by the late Judge Hard- 
inge, I perceive an emendation of a 
passage in Horace (lib. iii. od. 29) 
jprhicn was proposed by Mr. Nicholas 
Hardinge, it I understand rightly, and 
approved by Markland, Bentley, Parr» 
and Taylor. It is spoken of as a dis- 
icovery of ^eat value (see *' Illustra- 
lioos of Literature,*' voL i. p. 728), 
«nd it is asserted, that the present read- 
ing, though it is that of all the editiont 
-and MSS. is perfect ridicule and folly. 
Certainly it would be presumptuous to 
^controvert the opinions of Markland 
and Bentley; hut may there not be 
'tome error in the account which u 
iven of their approbation ? and yet 
can hardly imagine that there ia any 
miatake relative to Bentley, as hiscom- 
aneiidaiion of ihe alteration is given 
with peculiar circumstances, r^ot- 
wilhatanding the above phalanx of 
)lMMn08, I am Induced to think that 
•rbatif the reading of all the editions 






tand maniiecripts may be the right one; 
and if Mr. Hardinge were livings he 
would not be so violently startled at 
my presumption, if he could be in- 
formed, that I propose to retain the 
old reading, and yet give the passage 
his interpretation. The interpreta- 
tions, not the text, appear to be 
wrong;, and having taken a wrong 
view of the meaning, as given in trans- 
lations, Mr. Hardinjge endeavoured to 
alter the text itself, in order to produce 
that meaning, which the passage^ even 
as it now sunda in all theedKions, will 
hear. The passage is as follows: ■ 

** Eripe te morse, 
Ne semper udum Tibur, et .^ratsr 
Deelive contempleris arvum, et 
Telegoni Juga parricidiB." 

Mr. Hardinge says, that the scenery 
which the Poet here describes as that 
which he exhorts Maecenas to con- 
template no more for a time, is the 
Tcry scene to which he invites him. 
How then would Maecenas cease to 
Contemplate the semper udum Tilur, 
ftc. by coming to it? and to rescue 
Horace from this seeming inconsist- 
ency, he proposes to read ul instead of 
fie. Now, Sir, if ui had been found 
as a various reading, I should not hesi- 
tate to adopt it ; but my idea is, that all 
the editions are right, and that ne ia 
the proper word, and that the error is 
in not civing the right meaning to ne, 
which nas here the sense of quid nu 
Horace does not exhort Maecenas to 
contemplate the scene no more, but he 
exhorts him to shake oflf that delay 
which detains him from contemplating. 
JVehas here (as I with deference think) 
the sense of quid ni or lest, I have 

fiven the roeanins paraphrastically ; 
ut it sorely has the same sense as in 
^the following passages: " In culpa es 
ne cemere possis." — Lucret. *' Eri- 
puit se ne causam diceret." — Cses. 
He rescued himself so as not to stand 
his trial. The implied and conjunctive 
meaning (if I may so express myselQ 
of the particle ne has reference to 
mord, and not to eripe- "In mor& 
es, ne contempleris; li&c mord te 
eripe." I offer this explanation with 
submission; but I must add that, if 
it should be approved, it will give me 
great pleasure to have hit upon a plan 
of reconciling all parlies, and to nave 
made the design of Horace's pencil 
more clear, by applying a brush instead 
of a new piece ot canvass. 

Yours, &c. C. V. L. G. 



t 39 ] 
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



ihe landlord, and leavca odIj' to the 
jMior Dot a Biinimuni, bul minimuiimum 
of maintenance, id. per day (iee;ioi- 
leaj. It would be absurd lo suppotc 
that persons in such a slsie of want 
and igLiorauce, will not seek tefuef 
from niiicry, in illicit disiilUlion, in 
iilknrss and drunkcnneu, in gross 
animal indulgences, in lh« usual plea- 
sures and habits of savages. 

Under the Clan ifsicm of the oil 
Celts, Scotch and Iiish, Mr. Bichcno 
ubserfes, that this neglect of the poor 




■ R. BICHENO, in this able phi- 
. iotophlcal *iew of ihe eondiiion 
(if Ireland, tiaies (he cause of riiilrcis 
lo be the meicanlile principle of ireai- 
iag land u a source of proni, through 
cscliaoge uf produce, arid rejection of 
usin|( il as a lucans of uiaioiaining the 
peupic i in other words, he thinks that 
in old times ihe landlord preferred 
power and influence lo luxury and 
alentation ; and had feelingt tar hit 
dependants, which ihcmcrcanlile prin- 
ciple uecessarilj suflbcalei. In delall- 
iug the p'occue* by which this chaDee 
WM eflected, he illustrates the resufla 
of changing a tillage into a grazing 
tyitem ) tIi. thai it lakes away ihe 
Lnd (rum protidigg; loud for human 
beings, lo that of providing fuoii for 
ranlr, whkh requires little or no 1j- 
tiiHir, uhJ of course turns oS lo seek 
for maiiile nance, how they can, num- 
bcn oT useful husbandmen. The posi- 
tion, M far as concerns local, and lo a 
crrtaio dcgiee national suppuri of the 

CipuUiion, is unqueiiionably true, for 
: who exports cattle, and imporli 
wine in exchange, returns nothing 
from which hi* own people derive be- 
nefii, although it may pioiiuce proGl tu 
the wine merchant, the shipping inie- 
reti, and the foreign proilucei. I'he 
question is not here, what niuy he the 
geoeral, but the local action of such a 
ijsicm ; and that local action is, ihat 
the more land is thrown into grazing, 
the tntaller is the i|UBnlity of labour, 
Aitd in consequence, support of the 
people, which is required. 

Under an Utopian plan. ■ man ought 
ihcreforc to make proviiioa for bis 
poor dependants before he Inrns his 
arable lu graw lanil, and so ihrows his 
people out of employ, and the means 
of support. 

Id Kngland they have found a re- 
■ouree in trade and uianufacinres : in 
JreUod ihcy have been driven to bogs 
and mouDUin lands, or forced to give 
tor patches t>t poiaioc gmund an ex- 
orbitant rent, which ihroivs ail ihe 
pToRl of iodustr; into the jiorkel of 



>uld 1 



, because, whei 






Chieflain depeuded, for the security of 
his power and property, upon the 
number and allegiance of^bis retaiuers, 
he of course was obliged to consull the 
meaiM of their support and comroit. 
Thus it was, that paternal Providence 
made good out of evil g fnr, whatever 
evil ihctewasin lobhetyfliflingcaUle, 
Sec. wasilie phrase), in foiming gangs 
of banditti, yet the very existence of 
such clin gangs iniplieda provision for 
maiotenante of ihem ; and by nn im- 
pulse not lo be resisted, when people 
are obliged lo steal or starve, ihey com- 
monly prefer the former. As law and 
govern mental puwer augment in in- 
fluence, the former becomes dangerous 
in the extreme, but still the evil exisis. 
In Ireland and England, the evil was 
partially got rid of in ihe 
manners before described- 
There are for such a state of things 
hut two remedies, which carry relief 
to the population, vii. adoption of the 
naval or militarT profession (the best 
remedy), but which is checked from 
the expense in time of peace, or em- 
ploy elsewhere, or emigration. If the 
quantum of population in Ireland wo* 



e rcipeclivi 



e than 



I lo i 



« oC 



employ, all civil and political evil woulil 
cease of itself, because the expectancy 
or possession of property makes people 
regard ihe laws, order, and IranquiHity ; 
for upon such a stale of things enliiely 
depend ihe security and enjoyment of 
property. But where labour is not 
wpnted, will capital be applied to ii> 
In the existing stale of ihings, i. e. 

icrcst between the poor and the rich, 

where the lieh live by ihe poor ihcnu^ti 



J 



40 Rbview. — ^Bicheno on IrelamUr^rtndicalion of Paley. [July, 



the pressure of |)opu1ation upon sub- 
sistence, omislng exorbitant rent, the 
affections of the latter are alienated 
from their natural protectors, and trans- 
ferred to the priests; but kind and 
amiable as are the feelings of Mr. 
Bicheno towards that class of men, as 
to personal conduct, he has omitted to 
state that his arguments are useless in 
regard to Ireland, because no fact is 
better established than that beggary, 
rags, and indolence, arc characteristic 
ot every country where Catholicism is 
supreme. Spain, Portugal, and luly, 
are sufficient testimonies; and more 
than all, the diflference which prevails 
in this respect between the Protestant 
and Romish Cantons of Switzerland. 

Poor Laws, Mr. Bicheno thinks, 
would be ineffectual, because for the 
best of reasons they could not be paid 
as to any adequate amount, if assessed. 

<< The Dietary in the Irish House of /n- 
Aittry At Limerick {where no work it donej 
is — for breaf^fastp 8 oz. oatmeftl, And 1 pint 
of new milk — dinner, 4^ lb. of potatoes, 
boiled, and 1 pint of sour milk. The cost 
of dieting a pauper was stated to be Ijd. per 
diem." — Pv944. 

Now this is exactly 2/. per annum, 
which, taking the. number of paupers 
at six millions, would be twelve miU 
lions yearly, four millions more than 
the amount of Poor-rates in opulent 
England. Thus, under all the circum- 
$iances» there appears to be no efficient 
remedy but emigration ; any other can 
be only palliatives ; and repeal of the 
Union, and proposed independence, 
only aggravations, and measures wliich 
would produce war with England, and 
transportation, if successful, of the yet 
remaming capital, as well as civil war. 

As to the modern theories of Politi- 
cal Economists, our author justly says, 

** Tliat they are of insignificant impor- 
taace when applied practically to the actual 
eircumstances of a country. Theories are 
educed from tkfewhetB selected from a mul- 
titude, while practice proceeds upon the 
broad and expanded basis of aU fiscts : so 
that it generally happens, that the theoretio 
principles are inapplicable to the existing 
exigencies of society. When for instance it 
is roundly suted that Ireland sustains no 
blury from absentee expenditure, because 
whatever rent is remitted, is without doubt 
npresented in a great degree by the export 
of Irish commodities, and as far as expend!- 
tare is eoneemed, the chief difference seems 
to be b the plaee of ocmsumption. But stilly 



though the expenditure of an absentee land- 
lord must be represented by the commodities 
of the country from which he derives his re- 
mittances, still it may not represent an equi- 
valent in his own produce. A bill of 1000/. 
upon Paris may he for the manufactures cff 
Manchester, and not a single ox or quarter 
of wheat may be represented in it : yet it 
can hardly l>e denied that the country must 
be wronged, where the landed projirieturs 
overlook the interest of their own tenantry, 
and do not take care that the commodity 
which is exported, contributes to the em- 
ployment of their own people." — pp. 296-9t. 

Emigration, ihe only efficient reme- 
dy, is rendered difficult, by the heavy 
expence: but our author says, that 

'< The Isnd itself ought to bear the ex- 
pences of the transplantation ; and Ireland 
has now to make a temporary sacrifice of an 
amount suited to the urgency of the occa- 
sion."— p. 874. 

According to this opinion, a tax 
ought to be levied upon the landed 
proprietors of Ireland, to pay the cost 
of emigration. 



A Findiealion o/Dn Paley*i Theory ofMo* 
rals fiom, the principal Oljectians of Mr. 
Dugald Stewart, Mr. Gisbome, Sfc, By 
the Reo, Latham Waiawright, F.5. A, 
Rector of Great BrickhiU.''~Svo, pp, 204. 

THE moral sense, we apprehend, 
erows out of the association of ideas ; 
tor bow can a person distinguish be- 
tween a feeling of right and wrong 
without comparison. We are of opi- 
nion that intellectual physiology nei- 
ther is or can be understood, because 
if we know not the laws of vitality; we 
cannot determine in what manner it 
acts. We therefore think that all the 
eminent men alluded to by Mr. Wain- 
wright, in this elaborate and well- writ- 
ten disquisition, have undertaken to de- 
fine what is beyond their power, be- 
cause beyond the association of ideas, 
and its palpable effects. We think that 
there are no intellectual actions defina- 
ble, possibly because there are no other 
existent. We say existent, for it does 
not appear to us, that there is in mind 
a single uncombined idea, and if it 
does not so exist, it cannot have an in- 
dependent being or origin. If so, the 
matters of dispute in this treatise torn 
upon the presumed existence of chil- 
dren which never had pareuts-— spun* 
taneoof creations. 



is».l 



I Ew.—- Dugtlale's Moniiiltmii. 



41 



PKgMf't UcmeHicea Angltcmum. A new Somner fur lui rcndBrlngn of the Swon 

*"^~' - , tilh anii^eruitt Addilium and piiru, tai n( llinw from Liliad iolo Lutin, 

. By John Cdey, fx^., hIIom to Dugilftlc % MX prop>rtiaD of the 

Bcnnr Ellii, Bi^. aad Iht Rev. QaXV^j l^lwur, merit, (nd honnur of the undcr- 

' \ O.D. Jh Sir faiumts, FaiiB ubioe— ' qui (snlBin huic ap«n lupcllscti- 




EiiklJ, 1830. 



flouncing the complrlion nf an under- 
uliing, which confcts haiiour noi only 
on the ediion, but on ihe Hiiiion at 
large. Nor ought niir meed of prsiw. 



Tl<u», t<.i>, »ho 
:t llitn cither Mr, 
in^h ur Dr. Whil«k»r witli ihe numeron. 
giitm ■od Leiger Beolii iiliich pisEd 
'oagh Dudiwurth't and Dueddf'i hind), 
1 ■l(»t, from [he T.hlei of Content, .nd 
imnruidi renuuning in nvtoy, l^iU Du;;- 
a Hal neithir l(ta ueiduuui nor 1»i li- 



11 the V. 



f ihmhoM 



tbr tpiriird p 



of ihe work, 
indebted for two publi- 
c«liniu, which whether viewed n to 
iheif lOUTtisic iin|iorlance or dcsetred 
>ucce», have never been excpedeil — 
vre allude to the work now iitujer out 
handt. and to Lodge's " Ponraiii nf 
Uluiifiou! Perfoiia^et," ihc lallcr ihe 
dccidtdlf nuccciiful book In mo- 



Do ad ale's origlTial 
wa* ixiblishcd <liirin„ 
eighleen years. The pr 

"It * 



Moi 



eyeu 






1 



I ibe Preraee [irelixfd i 
e cTinbled t( 



I to aiipre- 

_ ily Ihe relative labours 

I>f Dtidiwodh and Uugdale, in Ihe ori- 
I^daI Monasiicon. Thl» we endca- 
lotired to wi to reti in our vol. xc. IJ. 
pp. «6, 420. And our view of the 
:lite Ubours (if Dodawnrlh and 
lale i> conhnned by Mr. Kills, a» 



undttlalen b; the 
BtiLmLiv Bahoinil, D.D. Keeper ol 
Budleian Librai; at Oifi.id, who wu 
ii-iii Editor of the Ent Three Puttlan 
for u ]F. 964 of Ihe Firtt Volume 
e<HC u were the storet nf the U<Kllci>n. ■ 
retidenee di.unc frain the n>etr<>,>u1i. ill 

lo be nude amnag ilie Officci of Record, 
and before the Fourth Purtiun of the Work 
appeared, two other gentlemeo were called 
iu at enadjiiior!, John Caliv, Eiq, Keeper 
of the Record! in the AuginniMtiun Office, 
and afleraardi of tiioiD in the Chaplir- 
Houie at Weitminiier, and HeNnv Ellii, 
E.q, lUcn Keeper of the Manuicrlpti in the 



!D the Reader n iudibted fur 



■' With (he 






. ufareaioullMo- 



of Mod 



c Stall, 



** Srreral uf our hnt Antiquriei h 
d that Dugdale'a ihara in the 1 
fint Tvivmei of thit work waa much ima 
tliMitieallrwu. Mr.Guu|;h,iDhi>Brii 
TapaEta|>h]r. aayi, • The Two Volume) 
the MoflBalJeaD, thaiieii puhliilied un 
Dwk.ortI/. and D<.gdtle'i uaiDo con- 

IcUy h, ll„fon<ier:- and Dr. Dunh.io 

Whiuker uyi, ' at Dodtworlh aBf..rln- 

I Augiiil, 1664, before one 

h pan of tba iinprettiuD >ai wnrkod, >n 

~ initf preHoted Iiielf, which Dugdale 

I tile rorlilDdB Id reiiit, of aiaocial- 

o*m name with that of the heil 

Mr. Hamper, howeter, in hi) 

Dugdale'i Life, haa endeavour- 

at» hi* msmoTy. ' Thai abh 

Joho MinliiiDi' he obaerna, 

ii PaorviiaioN to the Worhi wliiliihe 

ll gi>«> tba palm lu Dodtworth an lli* 

( odlMftt of 'iialtrial), and l>ni.Ti 

ptwrt.Mto.JuIi. IMO. 



notice, of Reco . 
e linnal paragraph!, the Eoglith preliminary 
a AccnUDt) han been wriites, and tti« Work, 
T lince the Tliird Portion, entirely arranged 
ll by Mr. Eltii : Mr. Ciley, in addilion to ihe 
it paragraphi aiready mrntieoed, commnni- 
r eating numcruu) copiei of Records, Ab- 
• iiracli uf tlie Miaiilrri' Ageouau, and ilia 

- Ahridgementa of the Valun of fope Niuho- 
D l» and Henry tlie Eighth -. a»i)tiqg In tba 
■ estrectinn of th* iheeUi and aiding in cnn- 
e tinual luggettiuni. Dr. Bandinel, •incs the 
n nuhliMliop of the Third Portion, bM conlrl- 
e buled occatioaaUj only : hut tlie Reader it 

- indebud to hioi for ibc Abitracu of the 
L Ooditow and Eynihim Chartulariei i and 
1 here it may he tiated, once for all, that the 

Abtlraeta of Mooa)tic Rcgitien, which (ill 
Hiree of il,a Notes in iluw Volumes, w^l ha 
fiiiind, in poiot of utility, to fann one of 
their moil important featuro , 

•• IlitHunCDi of RiLicious Housit 
Khii'b Dugdalc kiiex nulhiog of, have been 



48 



RsviBW.— -Dugdale*0 Afonoilteofi; 



[July, 



iDtroducad into the inrwent Work, together 
with those of the different Orders of Frurs, 
sod Accounts, as fkr m they could be ob- 
tained, of veij numerous Destroyed Mo- 
NAsrmRiu. Such Cathborals also have 
been added of which Dugdale gives no de- 
soription : but the Cathedral of St. Paul 
London it has been thought desirable to 
exclude i its History and Charters, f^reatly 
enlarged, and richly embellished, had been 
separately published in a style of uniformity 
with the Monasticon, by one of the Editors 
of that Work; so that to have reprinted 
them here, when nearly the whole of the 
same persons were subscribing for both 
Works, would have been materially en- 
hancing the extent and cost of the Monasti- 
eon, without increasing its value to the 
Subscribers. 

" It was at first intended, too, that a 
Life of Dugdale should be prefixed to the 
First Volume of the Monasticon ; but Dug- 
dale's own Account of his Life having been 
prefixed to the Reprint of St. Paul's, and a 
separate Volume naving since appeared in 
the ' Life, Diary, and Correspondence of 
Sir WillUm Dugdale,; edited by WUliam 
Hamper, Esq. superseding further research, 
the intention was given up: nothing new 
could have been discovered of his Life, and 
the expense of the Work, already thought 
too great by the Subscribers, must have 
been enhanced.** 

** The Index has been compiled by Mr. 
Richard Taylor, author of the Index Mo- 
nasticus to the Diocese of Norwich." 

Not to mention the immense mass 
of new matter introduced into the 
work, in the proportion probably of 
three to eight, as compared with the 
old edition, the great advantage of the 
present edition over the former one, 
consists in the English descriptions of 
the religious foundations, and the ab- 
stracts of their registers, both omitted 
by Dugdale. The work has thus been 
rendered, by the unsparing research of 
Ht Editors, equally useful to the Gene- 
ral Reader, the Antiquary, and the 
Lawyer. 

From the passages which we have al- 
ready extracted, tne reader mav judge 
of the immense labour bestowed on the 
work by Mr. Ellis, assisted, as he doubt- 
less has been, bv the constant advice of 
Mr. Caley. We have thus preferred 
adopting the words of the learned Edi- 
tors to inserting any remarks of our own. 
We however congratulate them on the 
completion of their arduous task ; as we 
do the public, on the possession of an 
edition of the " Monasticon,*' which 
comprises all that is iraluable, not only 



in the original work by Dugdale, bnt 
in the Continuation by Steevens, and 
embraces a very large accession of ma- 
terials from Leiger Books, Rolls, and 
other documents brought to light since 
Dugda1e*s time, thus giving a complete 
History of all our Monastic Founda- 
tions. This important work will pro- 
bably never be superseded, but will 
form a necessary portion of every im- 
portant Library m England. 

It was at first intended to have 
copied all the Embellishments in the 
original edition ; and in pursuance of 
this, the chief of the prints hj Hollar 
have been re-engraved. But the plates 
by King, &c. beino; utterly worthless, 
this intention was happily abandoned ; 
and the embellishments of the new 
edition have been chiefly confided to 
Mr. John Coney, '* an artist,** as the 
editors justly observe, " whose execu- 
tion possesses the freedom and deli- 
cacy of Piranesi, without his occasional 
obscurity and coarseness.*' 

These plates have been admirably 
etched by Mr. Coney, from his own 
drawings made exclusively for this 
work, and we believe they form the 
largest collection of Gothic architecture 
ever published.* 

A rich series of Seals of the Bene- 
dictine Monasteries has been engraved 
by Mr. Coney, from the treasures un<« 
der the care, and in the collection, of Mr. 
Caley. But we cannot speak equally in 
commendation of Mr. Coney's labours 
with respect to the Seals. The style 
in which they are etched is much too 
rough and undefined. They fall far 
short of the engravings of Seals by 
Messrs. Blore and Le Keux, in Sur- 
tees*s " History of Durham," which 
are perfect in their kind, and admirably 
represent those beautiful specimens of 
antient art. 

Sketches of a CoUection of AnHquitiet taUhf 
impmrted at Liverpool from Alexandria im 

THIS is an elegant and valuable 
collection belonging to Mr. Waring, a 
merchant of Liverpool, and consists of 
Egyptian, Greco- Egyptian, and Greek 
remains. The pure Egyptian is known 

* The etchings of ** Cathedrals, by Mr. 
John Chessell Buckler," form good addi- 
tional Illustrations, bemg eqnallv faithful, 
and executed in a bold and DMiterfy nuumer. 



1080.1 Rbvibw. — Egiffilian ^nlt^utiitf »( Ainerpoof. 



>i apprnpnalei 



bj having no animiaiciil detail of patis, of a 
■nd aa tiller delicicacf in ihe grace o( lolec 
niMioD- The Greco-Efiyptiaa ukei 
dste wilh (he Plolemies, luccfUDrs of 
Alexander, and is enlivened by Grc- Roman lady. 
CMD animaiion, and refined by Gre- Fig. IS is a t 
» beauiy in proportions, allilude, 
and dress i ihe Hainan 

{fptrait comoimcei with ihe imila- 

nsof ihe age of Hadrian, and it dii- 

Muilhed by hating no hiernglyphici, 

la the Roman drawing and charac- 
ter in Egyptian atiiiudci and dretset. 
(Sec FUxnian on Sculpture, Lect. ii. 
33— tg.) 

The oldcit Efcypiian hiernglyiihici 
MC kiwvrn by a relation to military 
wtjecli, luppoted to he the exploili 



lanres, because they ai 
:S in the letler-preis. 
.. 10 is 



-Fig. 1 



-r,g. 13 

head. — J^ff. 15 is not a griffin's, 
ipparetiily intended for a lion's 



vith the V. 



of iirmntth. The next 
the aubjceti are of a religious charac- 
ter. The litsl of the five plates ii of 
thit KcvnJ era. Wc shall go through 
ihe plates teriatini, 

A tablet of Ihre 



KAEmiZ.—Sig- 18 is BQ offering to 
his— iilt^. SU is a tablet containing a 
tnixtnte of Demotic and hieroglyphic 
signs; one represents a pcnon kneel' 
ingand undergoing the bastinado from 
another Binnding. — fig- 21 conlains an 
hieroglyphic Inscription duplicated. — 
Fig.SS isaihimperreci, seemingly Gre- 
cian equestrian, the chlamyt flying 
behind. 



Wc hav 



thus 



The first ( 

d with the pedum, liti 

'« ctook, in one band, 

■ ihe other.* The pedu 

e been the Egyptian 



9 of Osiiis 
ind scourge 



sceptre (tee 
Diod. Sic. lib. i. p. US, t. 3). The 
tnnir^E h«t been treated bijl unsatis- 
bcietilj, by Kircher, Spoil 



■1° 

^*5llMia 



II Ihe 



^ripit. 



ntheC 



af lambda, the liierDelynhics of 
alpha. &c. but we shall not al- 
an intcrprciaiitin. Tlie l^rsl 
Iparlmetil ccidenlly shows a wor- 
(hippcr, or ineitenger, followed b;^ ^ 
boy bearing offerings ; among which 
1 appwenily a rhytium or drinking 

The second coniparlmenl tan- 

Iiii and Osiris reiieatcd ta^icet 

d a loaded uble the same mes- 

ligcr appears in a different attitude. 

'* third eomparinient refers to Isis, 

aod Horns. Osiris holds the 

le flower. Three men arc ap- 

kching, apparently bearing presents. 

Inscription given 

■ii. i* a miscellaneous plate.— 

, inscribed ATEIHPdl, is Ri>- 

B-Egyplian, and is b curious inter- 

e of Egyptian costume and the 

ir of the I mperiul a;ra. — 

I, a fentatc figure holding a bird, 

A, ii ill ttoman cosiume. — 

a Victory. — Pig. r), is a lorso 




iks upon subjects undistinguished 
in the le I let- press ; and can only re- 
gret that we are not sufficicnlly ae- 
qosinled with Egyptian remains to 
(indicate more precise appropriations. 

We are told in the Preface, that 
" la the socompiinying lllhogr«|iliiq 
ilretclio It wss found to be quite impoHible 
Su coQVflyu tdequste idem of the boaulj of 
auclioe of KvcnJ of thuie inUreiling r^iu 
oF remote uiiquity ; and tbit iha targa 
Egyptiia tablet in r1. 1. is la ■icellsDt pre- 
KTTstiDD, ihs chiracleri and Sgurei bcsati- 
fully ud ihirpl} cm." 

The heads of oicn are known to be 
STinbolic of sacrifices. Two altars in 
the same collection are not engraved. 
They are remarkable for having two 
bulls' heads, one with the eves dead 
and weeping, the other with them full 
and animaLcd. Mr. Taylor, an inge- 
nious friend of Mr. Waring, says, that 
one was ihe allar of Joy, the other of 
Grief; and that they stood in every 
house for ihe purpote of domestic cele- 
brations in summer and winter. 

To Mr. Taylor we are indebted for 
the followinn translation of the Greek 
- ... 5: v„ T. :--eu||,fd 



, specie! 

To /IHi/illO 



eined n 



irble. 

Kiuairar EPMHS 



KKt eoioAOTH AnOAAOanpor- 

EPMHN MiB.., Ml eOlOAOTHN, 
XEKiEPMHN' To orofiBTo EPMHAOZ, 
OftBToii Bunai. El ii Tii 




44 Rbvib'w.— Macqiieen on the \QmdUiam of the Camnirff. '[Ju^> 



avrtt, fifih QaXcuraa vXtrrHy |bifi^f rointf 

«iat» wXt}. £«. T»( df fr»;(n^>i0'» XtOor 
apauy fi Xt;(7a» avrot, nrw fTixara^aTo^ 

rx^Mpvio'ai Tin to /bittj^uoy. ETi/afXii9«irTa« 
$1 M ^»»xaTi;(^oyTt; to ohu^mv, to if fy«rri 

TOV fAfUfAtlOV, 

<* Hermes and ThoiodoU) the daughter 
ofApollodonis, have constructed this tomb. 
Let no one else be buried in it ; no oaei 
eicept Hermes the father, and Thoiodota, 
and Hermes himself; wliich Hermedos, 
brought up by them, has promised. If any 
ona attempt to bury any other corpse within 
ity neither let the earth bear him fruit, nor 
tb« sea be navigable to him, neither let him 
have the comfort of children, nor sufficiency 
of livelihood ; but may he perish ! may he 
perish utterly (or altogether) ! And if any 
one attempt to take awray a stone, or to 
loosen it, let him lie execrated with the be- 
fore written corses ! Neither let it be law- 
ful for any one to remove the monument : 
of this those shall take care who have pos- 
•ession of the small house opposite to the 
inonunent." 

Thau^hU and Suggettiatu on the present 
Condition of the Country, By T. Potter 
Macqueen, Esq, M,P, Svo, pp, 50. 

Mr. M ACQUEEN, as chairman of 
a Parliamentary Committee, formed 
to investigate an imporuint branch of 
the Poor Laws, and as magistrate of 
an agricultural county, sufTermg under 
severe distress, has availed himself of 
facts which have fallen under his 
knowledge. The pamphlet is accord- 
ingly so much to the purpose, so vera- 
cious and incontrovertible, that we 
should deem it a public injury not to 
exhibit at length iu chief contents. 
Mr. M. staru with three indubitable 
postulates; (i) that population has 
enormously increased ; (ii) that it is so 
rapidly increasing, as to Ttndttfull em- 
ployment utterly impossible, unless 
new sources be developed; (iii) that 
present remunerative employment is 
fast diminishing. — p. Q. 

The superabundant population he 
attributes to bastardy, overseers' mar- 
riages, marriages to obtain more paro- 
chial relief, and imprudent love-mar- 
liages, small- pox and vaccine inocula* 
tions. 

^ This superabundant population has 
introduced competition, and been ac- 
coinpanied with a diminishtd value of 



produce, so that there is not now paid 
a remoDenitive rate of wages, but only 
a mtnimom support of existence. Mr. 
M. illustrates the position thus. Farm- 
ers about the year 1790, through the 
increased value of land, and ntgber 
prices of provisions, became proud, 
disdained the society of servants in 
their houses, aini compelled them, for 
the comforts of a home, to marry pre- 
maturely. 

"Tlie unavoidable consequent hicrease of 
parochial assistance to married laboorers 
enabled the fiinner to employ these persons 
at a lower rate, and partly at the expense of 
thoee who cultivated small farms, the trades- 
man, the shopkeeper, and the private houses 
keeper ; for tne last-mentioned parties being 
amerced to poor's rate, and ihefamUy of th« 
labourer rather maintained from such rate, 
than from fair wages, all was in fisvonr of the 
large occupier; and the valuable race of 
small yeomen became gradually extinguish- 
ed. Thus, in the years of prominent agri- 
cultural prosperity from 1800 to 1815, al- 
though rates were enormously high, stifl 
the price of corn was comparatively higher. 
The labourer was underpaid in his reffular 
work; and the superfluous charges o? fir- 
mily, illness, accident, funerals, &e. defray- 
•d by a parish fund, to which many othevs, 
as well as the great farmers, were liable. 
To illustrate this position, I will assume 
that the value of one fifth of a quarter of 
wheat, or lOi pints, be the fair equivalent 
of weekly wages for an agrionltural labourer. 
Then, in 1749, the average price of wheat 
beioc 29s. 6d, per quarter, at this estimate 
the fair rate of weekly wages shoutd be six 
shillinp. Now we find that she shillings 
toere the average wages for that year ; con- 
sequently the relative proportion was kept 
up, and the poor's rate next to nothing. In 
the year 1790, the price of wheat was bSs. 
per quarter ; but the average rate of wageSf 
instead of being, to preserve the proportion^ 
lOs. 6d, per week, were only Bs. Leaving a 
deiicienoy of 9jt. 6d, or one-fourth. In 
1801 wheat being \lSs. Ad. wages ought 
to have reached 23s, whereas they only ave- 
raged 10«.; and In 1813, with wheat at 
I22s, 6d, wages, which ought to have been 
24s, 6d., were only lis.; but, in IB26, 
wheat being only 67s. 1 Icf. wages were 9t." 
— pp. 10 — 11. 

Hence .\ir. Macqueen proceeds to 
show that crime necessarily grows out 
of the incompetent wa^es of honest 
labourers, which are far inferior to the 
allowance of culprits and criminals, 
who are so handsomely supported, 
clothed, and encouraged, 

*• That convicts on board the hulks do not 




RzviEw.^Macqueen on fht Condition of tht Countfy. 4G 



• illj to «if;ht7 CC 
■m cumpellcd to _ 



ncIpU, ■ 






da rkt^ mlJi /ran (rn f» /ar^ peuvdt, 
md (nw Q^ (Aral unth (iify or tnieiitg 

Out tuur itauilt on end wjih mio- 
ntthtnvilt. Flci{u;ini; anil hnugiiit; are 
ihe oalj puni«hinFDt) Ufi which are 
BOI nocniiul, anJ both iheicare peli- 
lioaed af^iait. We have re*<l, thai 
M*fMi« the guilty ii lo punUU ihe in* 
BOMm. Wc hive alw reaJ. Ihai in 
feisi^ cotinitics cvctj criminal i* 
MMipel]e<l (o earn his mainlcnancc ; 
tnd tn Ireland ihfCMt or an inoHVa- 
U*e ptapeT ii onlif thrte halfptnee per 
dajr! 

** Is Eulaud, tMD 
iOfl^peMlboiicit la | 
wbaB tto impeaobnieni can iianu out ■»■ 
■1 Ua tmf\opnnt, »iit (js k piiiancB per' 
' ' I iBCOinpauat lo ptuvlile liMUing, food, 
iiti|;i ta»\, and vaihiag. Itii 
"■ ■ II. pet head per 
tda average p 
I I'm Uj-ooa ahlc-LMliva 
li hy lalu. «• al, Si. CJ. | 
2'_Ho« (wving conililerrd lh« 
nlDcd frefdntn, 
\,{f lut* mfirrlaiair ai 

fb* Bvang* npniH of a culprii 
4 tlKhDlUfrum iBia ID ia«i -u 
■ Dilta of* cbV!i in Miltliaak Pani 
^> Xl- 1^- 

fDuw of a cul|.rit lo iKs JUfug* foi 
rne«offi>s 'ean, 37'. ii 
a Gulpril IB tlic Pli 
|l7a.ed. 
VDiUo Loodoi 
Let. 94. 

« Magilaltn. 41J. B>. 
liDUtO NngUM. Sil.tbi. Td. 
^ DiHo CM Bnili Ficl'Ii aod ClarliiB- 

It clotbiagi SI J. 9i. 
Ir'Dlita BfU«»ll. ««(■ a>. 8<J. 
P> Dlm> Wormur Gaol, 9 at. n. 4<1. 

•■ DMm HMdttant Ouil, 3D'. Si. tOd." 



itiu, and a w,cUy all.iw. 



t flour, 



•iiU ■ 



«ef, .1 



' r'" 



quanta; of 
I, tugat, loiaca, map, ite. Bm or ipi- 
U are iisuiJIjr addad (though ddC niniDitd) 
< induce good behaviour. In fact, I ealcii- 
U, from mj tuvurd's accnUQU, that even 
placed Id iht )«••« 



convict I. pi. 
'.,n>, ivhicl. 1 
.liiiCQUnlr; Sb'f 
If PrOTiiler 
idvctsilf, ilisc 






.mg/r l.h 
01. to pruvido.' 
I |iunithci vici 
ctrlaiiily does ; 



iris 



like Howard, Iiov 






vell- 



^. iiiis Oie gaoli or all CI. . . 
o for no oiher purpose but to pto- 
:le cornroris Tor raacab, \v\iy ih«n we 
iirin, that he throwioul leuipuiioni 
r liorieil (icople lo turn ihievci. It 
a knovvn Hici, layi Mr. Macquetin, 
•' Tlikt ihe crimtoal la heallh ■• br lietMr 
a large portioa of the hooeil 
T) but it we look to the dit- 



FiiDile roDitenliarj, 



Not* for iraniporialio 



laaoal eoil [aceonda;; to the 
1 of Mr. CuinoiliHiuaer fiigi;*) i> 

I nlraordisarj am; npeniei will ihrnv 

•• aa thia accoiint t>i an eiwat far 

li ahai ■• gtoartll} coaniird. 

" UpM ni own pcopertjr ia New South 

~'u (b*)I Mi. Maiiuean) I (ipgita; frvm 



nen, sup- ai af;ue, debtlltj, tow fever. Sic. I 

ate cif the a thouutidruld tuperior ; under Bui^h priva- 
it us Inok tiunn, the very idea of freednm loiei !» m»- 
tt deniKl glcal ioflueiiCF, and I liava had repnwd in- 
slan»i of culpriu, whom it hai been my 
mlpiit DO duty tn cunimit under innmar; eeaviclhia, 
1 <vt>34/. Ttipiatiiig ptrmiiiioa lo be lilt tntrrri i^thrir 
i Fenitea- warranU of ordm t^ admiuion, with thtta- 
luranteiifpunclialiltlitifri/," — p. il. 

Thus, mirabile diclH I is il mide out 
clrarly, iliai Ihe fulse philanthropy of 
Ho>variJ hm put the couiilry to etior- 
mou) expense for no other piir|X)M 
ihan mnking llic Cdndiiion of thitvea 
r.r preferjbtc lo ihul of honni men. 
Aconvid in the hulks has \i.Gd.\i«t 
day, be»idc« aJraiuagcs. Bui hotv 
wmild you renirdy ihii evil? Why 
take example from the Irish hou«» of 
Indusliy, as thus sutcd by Mr. Bi- 
cheno {Irelattd. &c. p. 244], ai>d out 

"The dietary in the hnoM [of laduitry 
Bl Umtrick] ia, lor tTrai/arl, a at. oatmeal, 
and I piBl uf ueir milk ) dioDcr, 4^ Iba. i)o- 

cult of dieting a pauper wu lUted lo be I {d, 
per diem. Ai Cnik, a gealleman (ompeLFct 
to judge. iDfciriDed rae be wauld underuke 
ID iiippurt lOOO pectiDi, u the puoi live la 
Inlind. It Id. per diem each. Ac Sligu, I 
found llw dietary every lecond day, potitoea 
and milk tl breakfut and dinorr, and the 
altamatedayi, )fir-n/«iJ Jbr bmkbit. Tlia 



ling nut 



M Rsitiv#^**BIacqaeen •« ihe CondUum of ih§ Qmmirji. [Jiify» 



aitnd eott of tint b fiif . • iby Moh peraoo. 
A* CloiuBeUy the diet » thiir hooM of i»> 
tetry was, for brealfiat lib. oatmeal among 
thrae, and half a put of new milk to each ; 
dbotfr, I etooe of potatoes to Bre infirai 
panpefty or four vagranta» and I pint of aour 
mUk to each; supper ^Ib. of bready and 
half a pint of sour milk to eaeh.*' 

Thus hy the most palpable cruelty 
and folly is a poor helpless^ iDnoceot 
person palmed off with Id. a day, while 
a rascal is comforted with twenty times 
the amount. One half of the public 
Aoiiey expended upon. Howardian 
gaols in the county of Gloucester alone, 
would have thrown bridges over the 
Severn at Newnham and Tewkesbury, 
have cut most beneficial roads, and 
enriched the country. They who best 
know how to manage rascals are the 
officers in the Navy ; and the best way 
of treating them is to make them use- 
ful drud^, and keep them in order by 
ffverf ducipHne. A barn of a work- 
house is deemed sufficient for old, de- 
crepid, virtuous labourers; but a pa- 
lace is to be erected for worthless 
aeoundrels. Philosophers know that 
the only way to effect permanent re- 
form is suffering. Salt and potatoes, 
spring water, hard work, and a cat-o**- 
oine tails, and (to prevent euape) 
bulks for prisons, would ai a cheap 
rate deter from crime; and a few 
barns would do for women and chil- 
dren. . What is the cause of all this 
expensive foil jf f Nothing but unphi- 
losophicalreligionism, which is always 
promising golden ages, i. e. races of 
men witliuut vice or misery, by me- 
thods which remove suffering from 
the former, and leave the latter for the 
innocent. 

Mr. Macqueen then makes an ela- 
borate estimate of the respective advan- 
tages of each of our colonies for con- 
victs and emigrants. He conceives 
that our criminals ought to be sent to 
the worst places, as Bermuda, the 
Cape or Trinidad, and even the West 
Inoies ; and if complaint is made that 
it is virtually sending them to destroc* 
tion, Mr. Macqueen observes, that our 
gallant soldiers and sailors are obliged 
to go there, as well as thousands of 
inoffensive young people seeking a 
maintenance. Of all the colonies Mr. 
M. prefers Australia, aud he wishes to 
relieve it, as far as possible, from the 
impQtation of being a convict colony, 
ana seems to hint a desire that it should 
be made a place of punishment only 



for those who have been driven to evil 
courses by sheer want and destitution, 
—pp. 3«, 33. 

Besides the known products of the 
colony, he sutes that the olive tree 
here produces superior oil ; that hemp 
and flax may be grown sufficient to 
render us independent of foreign coun- 
tries. Tobacco thrives well ; and wine 
will shortly become a staple article of 
export. 

Mr. M. concludes with the subject 
of emigration ; which he shows to be 
absolutely necessary, in the manner 
following : 

'<We may say, for the sake of round 
numbers, that every UDempl<^ed fiunily, 
cooiisting of a man and his wire and four 
children, is a dead weight upon the country 
of 40/. per annum ; in other words, consum- 
ing annually 40/. which would otherwise be 
beneficially employed. If then you place 
this &mily in a condition where they can 
consume and pey for SO/, worth a-year of 
home manufacture, you are actually increas- 
ing the national wealth in a ratio of 60/. for 
every family to provided."— p. 85. 

This statement, and the circum- 
stance of thus augmenting the nursery 
for seamen, is a sufficient reply to the 
objections against emigration. 

We shall conclude with Mr. Mac- 
queen's summing up; 

" The principal difficulty to surmount is 
the number of able-bodied paupers wholly 
destitute of remunerative labour. A fudi- 
cious attention to emigration would, how- 
ever, soon obviate this evil i and when a 
&ir balance be once struck between home 
demand and employment, then there can be 
no objection to provide agMost a recurrence 
of foture and similar danger ; thus the com • 
mon argument will be removed, that as fast 
as one swarm of population be thrown off, 
another will be produced. As to the plau 
of cultivating watte lands in £nelaad| afier 
the most carefol consideration I am con- 
vinced of the otter fallacy of such doctrine. 
One of the most prominent causes <^ the 
existing e^l has been the bringing into cul- 
tivation portions of land, which can only 
bear tillage during high prices for produce. 
The expense of setUiog a man, his wife, and 
three children, on waste Umd at home, has 
been estimated before the Emigration Com- 
mittee, by Mr.Cowling the surveyor, at 76/. 

"The main objection to Mr. Wilmot 
Horton's plan of emigration was its complex 
machinery. I doubt not that parishes would 
gladly defiray the outfit aud a portion of pas- 
sage expenses to their soiplns population^ 
say, twelve months average expense of a 
fomily ; which I have alieadv shown to be 
40/. If an office were established under the 



RcTiBw. — Cunningham'i 

■itr at GaRnmeat, in wliioii con 

k Co* *eriEn*ii anl Uboureri could it 

rad tn oolaniit* in want of inch ■• 

C •Bd undaruluog to indent ths emi 

• eriuio Duisbcr of jein, mt mo 



Ih. moietjr 



BDch of tha pmeot rliScullj 
nronw. Whtt ii pilncipdij rfquirHl 
apraeal lytlrm, bj which the oeer- 
if pvlth of Eaglind could mml tha 
nlofitiiJ diitnct of Auitcilii, diTidiog 

■iforti uid proipcrit]' of the cmi- 

ir CDtir apoD toy cilcula- 
la (he DrpMBt nr iiiture reiourcei oF 
BBjf. All doubt i> oow HmoTed, th*( 
we* lh« ioe«oi, if properlj dtnloped, 
■no; th* niiHC mueriol tsrvica tn 
{^Mother CouDirj, Piabablj when the 
'tiartaplored, mioenl wulth 

anrj ma]' (and to the bcaefit 

/, ii a diffe»ai lubJicE. But 

CkikUh derivabU by good maaagimcDt 

Mw and Tirgui portion of tli; globe 

aa ffiDoh for England as any of her 

hH dona in farmer period) of her 

, Tha wealth poured ioln Briuiu 

I the We«t lodiiB iitaodi, tuppotted 

Uf £a>BRa during ihi Americao nar. Tha 

treuuret ot Uie Eut enabled our Gicliiquer 

»(olIr lo contend with revolutionary 

ee. The jet nolried lourcea of wealth, 

Ariag indwtry and (Diployment only 

»ltb, vbich (nay be drawn from Aui- 

rat cnrieate thi* country Trum 

ca with which ahe it now embar- 

•d. — may afford pleotifiil meant to (hou- 

la, *)io, from deititution and miiary, ara 



peiilions against Rogpaa, a moat in. 
ilispeniable inalrumcnt oT mainulning 
order and obedience, bnt do not >cnS 
in a riiiKle one in bthalf of Mr. Be. 
cher'a plans in pmervc (he viriue of 
■he poor. Their heads are full nf bub- 
bles only, wliich art inourn la convert 
Chmiianiiy into a civil and poliiical 
c«il; and much mischief have they 
done the cauniry bj dabbling in itme 



ThtLiiifi o/lhtmoileminnUBrilith Painin-t, 
Sculptari. and Archilccu. By Allan Cun- 
ningham, yal ill. (Murray-> Family 

IN vol. xcix. ii. p. 51, we ipoke 
with nppfnbaiion of the volume of the 
Family Library which cqntiined ihc 

liven of the most emiut 






n that 



g to tlu uttermost pail of the 
ItH docsMr-Macqueen »ay, that 

btON. Philosophers do not care a 
pr abont the leligfous opinions of 
llkritsi but ihey know what havoc 
"J nude in the time of Charles the 
> projagaie nonsense, and ihey 
heir mlerfcrencc in public con- 
No rational man builds large 
;s and keep* expeiisive eainbliih- 
s for pToflieiie children, or |»tra< 
ihierrs. lie lubjecis them la 
ily and suffering. In a ship of 
nlcts of grog, and a cal-o'-nlne 
I, produce moti efficient ond speedy 
prmt, and render a rogue a service- 
k drod;^. In Germany and Rus- 
I eiiminals work mines, and repoi/ 
I tiatt bu taraing more iha- '*■ — 
^ -l&gli ■ 



1 iktlT 



dedicated loSciilpto... 

Mr, Cunningham ishereon his own 
ground ) his opinioni are deliiered ex 
calhedrfi; and, bo far as we can judge, 
he brings to hi* work an enlhutiajtic 
love of air, a fine feeling for its capaci. 
ilea, ■ critical acquaintance wiih its 
nicest beaulies, and a taste forined upon 
ihc purest and most classic motels. 
There issomcthing tangible, something 
definite and prnciical in all he wriies 
on sculpime; he know* what he ii 
talking about, and ihey who hear liim 
feel and understand it loo. His opi- 

ralitics; he praises, with iheikilTofa 
mail who has a true relish far the work 
which h,i9 kindled his enthusiasm ; he 
objects, and hii crilicisnis are referable 
to priocrplej, and loa standard of latto 
at once accurate, elegant, and discrimi- 
nating. There is one complaint, which 
is uticred by Mr.Cunniiigbam when- 
ever an oppoiiuniiy ofTeri; lo which, 
ihnugh we readily yield an assent, we 
are not nuite sure if it proceeds wiilr 
dignity From his pen. We of course 
allude to those querulous observations 
on the want ofencouragement ^icen lo 
his artinarchileciuralcmbelliihoienis, 
whether applied to churchei, lo public 
ediRcn, externally or iniernally, to pri- 
vate maniiuns of the great, in cornices, 
chimney-pieces, &c., or lo scattering 
vates about the gardens of palaces. We 
are, however, disposed to ihiok that the 
patronage of this alt is mure general 
than at anyformerperint, and although 
it may not exhibit itself in a demanil 
for cotlJji awl eUbome xrarkiaunltai 



48 iUVi*Bw.^-<3iiiiliiugham*i Lvom of BrUitk Seulpiari. [Juty, 



by which the reputation of the artist is 
secured, yet there it scarcely a sculptor 
of name who is not transmitting to 
posterity the busu of men ofereai and 
•mall and no account, in duplicate and 
triplicate, to the bustle of nis studio, 
and the great ad%'antage of his purse. 
We hope we shall not be understood 
as deeming it of little importance in 
what branch of his art the sculptor is 
employed ; but the public will take 
the liberty of deciding for itself, and no 
one can tell better than Mr. Cunning- 
ham, how much (in the present state of 
society) beyond the reach of the most 
princely fortunes would be the encou- 
ragement of sculpture to the extent of 
wnich many of its professors are quali- 
fied to conduct its exertions. 

The lires in this volume are nine : 
tkey include Gibbons, Gibber, Roubi- 
liac, Wilton, Banks, Nollekens, Ba- 
con, Mrs. Damer, and Flaxman. The 
work is a history of sculpture from al- 
most the close of the seventeenth cen- 
tury to the present day. For so much 
of the biography as relates to the do- 
mestic lives of the artists, the author is 
indebte'd to the labours of their respec« 
live historians, collected with diligence 
aiid compiled with care. His opinions 
of their labours are the result of his own 
observation; he criticises freely, but 
with much candour and impartiality. * 

Of Gibbons but little is known ; and 
for that little we are indebted to Eve* 
lyn and to Walpole. Amongst his 
most celebrated works are the altar- 
piece of Trinity College, Oxford, and 
tiis carvings at Chatsworih. His style 
b well characterised by Mr. Cun- 
ningham : 

'* In the grace and elegance of his work- 
manthip he excelled all artbu who preceded, 
M well as those who have followed him ; ne- 
vertheless in felicity of grouping and vivid 
richness and propriety of application, he 
was far surpaswd by those intrepid artists 
who embellished our old Abbeys and Cathe* 
dralt. In comparing his works with thoae 
gotbic carvings, the remark of Gilpin is 
confirmed, that * Gibbons was no adept at 
composition,' but in execution he has no ri- 
val. There vas an impediment in his way, I 
apprehend, which some men of taste will be 
relucUnt to admit; the Grecian architec- 
tare .which he was called upon to enrich, re- 
fuses to wear with grace a profusion ml gar- 
bads, whereas the grovelike sUteliness and 
hannonious variety of the Gothic carry firuit 
md flowers as naturally as trees bear leaf and 
falooai.*'*p. IS. 

. The next Sculptor commemorated in 



this volume is Caius Gabriel Cibber^ 
the father of the celebrated dramatic 
writer ; his reputation as a Sculptor is 
built upon the celebrated figures of 
Madness and Melancholy, which once 
appropriately distinguished the entrance 
of Bedlam, and which are now pre- 
served in the new establishment in Su 
George's Fields. Of these statues Mr. 
C. says, with much feeling, (p. 27,) 

** I remember some eighteen or twenty 
years aco, when an utter stranger in Lon- 
don, I round myself, after much wandering, 
in the presence of those statues, (hen occu- 
pying the entrance to Moorfirlds. Sculpture 
was then to me at that time an art unknown^ 
and it had to force its excellence upon my 
mind without the advantage of any prepaim- 
tion, either through drawings or descrip^ 
tions. But I perceived the meaning of those 
statues at once, felt the pathetic truth of 
the delineation, and congratulated myself on 
having discovered a new source of enjoy* 
ment. The impression which they made 
upon me induced me to expect too much 
from the rest of our sculpture. In St. Paul's 
and Westminster Abbey, I found much 
finer work, but less fervonr of poetic senti- 
ment, than what Cibber had stamped on 
those rough stones, which he b said to Iwve 
eut at once from the block without the aid 
of models." 

Cibber is designated as tt]e '* fore* 
runner of whatever is poetic in the 
sculpture of Great Britain." 

The third in order of time is Roubi- 
liac. Of his life but little is known ; 
but of his works, as they were nume- 
rous, so are they highly extolled by his 
biographer. *' He was a reformer," 
says Mr. Cunningham, " who gave 
powerful assistance in abolishing the 
literal fidelity of Sculpture/ and esta- 
blishing in its stead the |)oelic perso- 
nations of sentiment and feeling." A 
well-written account of the style of 
Sculpture, as it obtained in churches 
soon after the Norman Conquest down 
to the century preceding Houbiliac, in- 
troduces very appropriately the merits 
of this reformation. 

Mr. Cunningham's remarks on the 
monument of John Duke of Argyle 
and Greenwich, give a very lively pic- 
rure of his style of criticism. 

Of the statue of Newton it is well said, 

" Newton is represented standing, hold- 
ing up a prism, and between his hand and 
the thought stamj^d upon his broW, there 
is a visible connexion and harmony; he 
exhibits a calm colossal vigour of intellect, 
such as we have reason to believe was the 
oharacttr. of the living man i touched too, 



ISSO.} RsTiiw. — CUQOiOgham's Lhti ^ A-ititJb Stmlptot». 



•mi ttal BBt • nuk, with tlin* wixoLliH 
aancnUd bj bii ttitai Thatntnti," 

•• Om kwlio^M (hb DobU lUiu*," itw 
■uhfl* cootiBtKi, "til* worth* !m.g« of ons 
■r ill* loAial of buBBo betogt, ■■ nwj uli 
wUb t^t |ioct oCUu Seuoait wh«D dwclliog 
■n th* gncUwH of Newtoo'i iaconriet, 
md poiDt^Bg (mt tEia woodroui bmuonj of 

" Did rrrr pott ifn«g» mgUt lo fur?'" 

Mr, Cunningham'! evidence on ihe 
conpictii** mrriu of ihe Tliucui ind 
til* Nrpiunc in llie Elgin colltci ion, 
ind ihc ApoMo Bctvitterc, i« conceived 
in th* tpiiil of an arliH, and executed 
■ilh ihe fenour of a noel. 

Mr. Ciinninghim has a gieal con- 
itnipt ror alkgnry in SculpLure, and, if 
<rc miuakc noi, lias done hit beat lo 
purif; ihe lattei of hit cnnlcmporariei 
fraoi (achabortioni. Orcoune Ihece- 
trbraied moniimcnt lo Sin. Nighiin* 
j^le b; Roubiliac ii exposed in ihii re< 
■pMi to an nniturinic criticiim ( jet 
lult, (topite ill (llrgorical dianback, it 
It boooured by verygtowing praiw. 

" Tlie ifia^ wonuiB," he u}i 






H-tlBl,., 



hawd »• naiidrnd iij iculpton u lli« per- 
leclitm of £m wDikDWDihip. ljf« mmi 
•towlf nccdiag from her lipoimg finger* 
»>d St> qolYeris; •rritl. E.en De>lh liim- 
mU^ drjr ud ttpIcH though he be, the nrj 
iahlM diMla ud e}e1e» loclieti. Hem 
lubiac with malignuit jn}." 

RoafailiM dird in 176i, and Trom 
bit time the wt of which he was ao 
bcight an «Ttianieni and lo inielUgcnl 
■ ralorcr. ha* been prngmsing lo- 
mti4* a ri»>lry (wiih rfveiencclie Jt 
apdien) of the claisic anlique. 

Of Willon and Banks, the Immediate 
followen of Rouhilinc, our litniu will . 
not peiniil ua to apeak ; «f the Former, 
■t M taid that hit )^tiiua wn humble, 
that bis merit wu not original, and 
ihM tic often atlcnipted what Sciilp- 
tuK >• unable lo pcifoim. Of Banks, 
bi* epitaph rtcordi liii character in a 
Itw but ntprcMive word). 

•• Id mnaetj of Thomei Binlii, eiq. RA. 
l a d aanr, whoM lapcrior *hiliiiF> in the pro- 
1h*u» xMed a liutre tu the uu oT hiieouD- 
Uj, aad whoH eharnrler u ■ mtu refluaad 

We ha*e ao recemlji teniewed the 
"Lifrfof Nollchen*," pteienled to ua by 
bi« " auetDtlc csecuior," Mr. Smith, 
dmaili^l notice may now suffice. A 
noer ^Mure of ih* man and the Kulp' 



49 

lot, and on* more liouourable to hit 
character, it girrn by Mr. Cunning* 
ham. It is true, indeed, that the author 
Is conaiderablj indebted lo Mr. Smith's 
pages i but the eiagaeiaiion and Ciiri- 
cature are suppieued^ We Iibtc the 
sobriety oriruth, and not the vituperif 
tion ordiiappoinimeni. 

The pragresi oforvini a butt, of 
which Mr. C. is so exceMem a judge, it 
explained with t ' 



" la tnniferriag tlie UkeneAt of the pUe- 
ter to the itooe, much depends on the tceu- 
ney of those who tough-he- ihe bust — 
Tbuch more on the akill ufhlm who cnrvei, 
md DOC ■ hitle on the qiitlit} of the marble. 
If the muble is lotnethiag doll *nd ojaiiue, 
close copjiiid will do, heciuse the mneriala 
[FHmbtcaeh other i but if the (MrMe It 
more trtniptri-nt, ■ bolder mnde of treat- 
ment it demanded — fur the lucid beiutji of 
the stone giTes BoaiEthing of the rlltet of 
earring ID eryslaJ — the iiiatlimi;> of thoaght 
id touches of le "' '' """" 



deeper and crossei liuai and EnuchioDt 
necesury. Such iddse frequently be the 



dif- 



IheliTiog original must lie much greater still. 
laill butts— I speak afiroikBof the motteml. 
nenl — the eyes are deeper inok, the hollows 
on each side of the nostrils deeper, ind the 
coroefi o( the mouth mofe strongly gi 
ihsBinlife. Ni 



of whet 



that 



nod with the fliih 
and blood. ' An artiil wbD knows hit profet- 
aioD never aggriHtei aiy of the d«[armiliet 
of nature — ■ wide mouth he Derar wideas. a 
long nose he never lengthens, oor does ba 
make a narrow forsheKi Darrower. Tbera 
are other dilTcmicea itt, A swarthy faca 
and dark eyet will, when copied in marble, 
differ in most material pointi from the lama 
&ce, if it had a fair complexion and light 
eyes. To get the full effect of the bisck 
eye-lath and the dark eye, the sculplni tnniC 

if ha Wert teeking for the eipreet'ioD of the 
otbar. The eDatrut between the twarthy 
gltoe* and the white material calls {••• deep 
ihadowi. No one koew the retoiircet of hit 
art better tlian Nollekeni — but he did Dot 
alwayi work iDccettfully. He had leas mat- 
tery in hit treatment of the eja than in any 
other pan of the huniao frame," 

Amongst the arista of the latter 
part of the last century. Bacon held a 
very proniinenl place: from the hum- 
ble modeller of imiert for a pottery he 
lotf to rminrnce and fortune aa a iculp* 
lot. Pethaptthc moat elevated of hit 
wofkt are ihe sistuet of Johns 



*So 



Katisr and iMdner^'i Naiitriti Pkito$&phy: 



[Jtily^ 



"Howard, and Rodney, Ifi Si. Panl » 
Cathedral. His merits arc well esii- 
ihated by .Mr. C. 

Towards the Hon Mrs. Darner, the 
author has been sufficiently gallant; 
yet not permiiting himself lo overstej) 
the triiih. Quoting the eulogium of 

. Horace Walpole, he adds, •' A colder 
-account must be rendered of her genius 
and her works by one who has never 
been cheered by her wit nor charmeil 
by hcc beauty." To be sure the fol- 
rowing estimate of her talents is cold 
enough. 

<<ThoM works which vre know to have 
been actually carved by her own hand, are 
all rude in czocution ; there if no ease of 
hand, none of that practised nicety of stroke, 
that undulating rise and fiill of flesh which 
everyone feels to be necessary , and which no 

• one can ho]»e to reach without great know- 
ledge and practice." 
Of her head of Nelson, it is added, 
** It if an image of death rather than of 
the heroic ; there are marks enough of the 

•chisel, but any one can see the hand that 
held it was unskilful : the nouth— that place 
where ignorance stops and knowleitge Ui- 
vnphs, looks like a crevice in a rook, and 
the eyes have ' no speculation.' " 

The last in the volume, and the high- 
est in estimate, is Flaxman. On this 
life Mr. Cunningham has bestowed 
much care, and narrated it in a kin- 
dred spirit. With the following well 
.written remarks on the classical stvlc 
of Flaxman, we close our notice of this 
elegant volume, which we think will 
-do higher honour to Mr. Cunningham's 
name than any previous work which he 
has given to the world. 

" The classic compositions of Flaxman 
include his Homer, ^chylus, Hesiod,Ilattte, 
and the Shield of Achilles. It is wonderful, 
while he pencilled these> how much he lived 
in the past, and how little in the present. 
All things of this age— all shapes which he 
Ibnnd in nature — all feelings for existing 
loveliness were dismissed from his mind ; and 
obtaining the prayer of Homtfr to his muse, 
things past became present, and the days of 
tbe "Tale of Troy divine " came back with 
all their warriors. The Shield of AehiHes is 
one of the worthiest of all these works — the 
very way in which he made it was peculiar — 
he modelled it roughly 'm tUj, had it cast 
into plaster of Paru, and then finished it for 
the ulver moulder. It was in this way that 
he Blade his ehief works— no one could work 
SA-Miaitously in. plaster as himself s it car- 
lied a aoftneas and a beauty from his touch 
whiab it could derive from no other hand. 
t)f aba twelve wondrous scenes which adorn 
li there is not one wbich is not re- 



^ta with betiuty of its own. All tt moving 
and breathing — there is the gentleness of 
'paace, the tumult of war, and the oharm of 
wedded love." 

Dr. Lardner^s Cabinet Cyclopedia. Natural 
Philosaphy. Mechanieu By CapL Henry 
Kater, K Pres, R, S. and the Rev. Dio- 
pysius Lardner, LL.D, P.RS. ffe, l8mo. 
pp, 340'. 

THROUGH Natural Philosophy 
intellect has become a scientific power, 
in action assimilating deity, while 
man in a natural state is in character 
lowered into a cart or a wheielbarrow, a 
mere passive machine. Through sci- 
ence nisw limbs and organs are added 
to the species ; but it is waste of room 
and time to expatiate upon the bless- 
ing derived from Natural Philosophy. 

That indeed is a science of which 
'every man, who values his time, mo- 
'ney, or happiness, ought to have an ele- 
mentary Knowled^, were it oiily to 
"warn him against impostures and im- 
practicabilities, and show him how to 
surmount difficulties. To eireohite 
this knowledge, by means of diminish- 
ing the expense of acqoiriog it, may 
have also the effect of producing kh 
important change in the pablic mind. 
It may generate a taste for that which 
is really useful, and increases the hap- 
piness and well-being of the species^ 
Such a work as this, conducted by such 
men as the authors, is a national bene- 
fit ; for if a comihon bbok 6f ailthmetic 
has often been the means of tbakihg a 
capital mathematician, who can tell 
what may be the results of a scientific 
auxiliary, which is a far more powerful 
lever, biecause it confers more copious 
information, and carries a student 
much further on his road. 

The extracts which we shall give 
will refer to the uses which we have 
been in the habit of making of philo- 
sophy, namely, of opposins it to the 
trash which, under the ho1^ name of 
religion, menaces the ruin of the na- 
tional. character for common sense. It 
is not that we care for the opinion of 
A, B, or C, but when forming the 
nucleus of a party they bear upon civil 
or political good, and we are sure, 
from history, that nonsense never did 
produce any other than evil When 

Sublicationa of the latter character 
aily issue from the press, all determin- 
ing the actions of the Almighty, ac- 
cordinf^ to the personal opinions of the 
lespcctive authors, tt may warn the 



P-] 



Rbvuw.— TV Pitimn of India, 



eiiitpiM, by exhibiting how impoe- 
C it 1* ^ ntfu 10 cLaiin lucli lofiv 
wiai^tt^i hofv proper ii is for al] 
Mif " todo justice, iiul love mcfcy, 
tcsU huablg teilk Ihfir Gud'' 
te laws of (ilidiiy are alteily un- 
wn, and yet Tiialiiy cxleiidt evriy 
lt«, and no two paniclei of mailer 

lact ot moiioritcM. See pp. g, 65, 

It ii too (Irmuusirativc, that in 

ililenlilial ipaces arouoil each atom 

1(« two powecs, lepulsion, and b<- 

I that aiiraction. What ibe pn- 

|r atfun niaj be wc cannot conceive, 

H Ube a poriion of the vu i/iuinn, 

tb« following nirsctwill *haiv, 

if iiMtlcr be inliniLelj divisible, 

I aniniated organization uiuy Le so 

and Inmimaie matter may nrier 

la«e only an apparent -eTiBlroce, 

.-(lie out powers of vision are vei» 

M- 

jlmiiitteuU$. — AiuibiIcuIh h»re been 
wal. MbMC mrgBlcude u •ucli, ibic ■ 
n« cJtluM Jms not Bicicd the bulk of 
KOflCttBil; kod jot uch uf (hou crn- 
1 u BOBipiHrd uf membBH u cuiduiIj 
■iMd a> lliOH of >be lirgctt ipceiei ; 
^ve lift uid ■(H^QMiWOU* molioa, aud 
aimi iritb him aiul initiact. lo tha 
b ■• allicll (tliy liv«, tliev 
na *>4b aaiAoisbjag tp«cd j 

at^radi govtrHd bj choice, utd di- 
d te B «d. Tiiej UK fond ind driok, 
•bisb thtj derive duIiULob, ud are 
^<M« Atmiificd wilh a digeMl>e appa- 
. Ibay ban eit.t mutcul-t |>n»«i, 
irt fumiilwd aiui Kmlu aad mutcto of 
aii and Auibilit)'. The; an luicepti- 



doM, uer>«i, circnUtiag fluldi, and all the 
cuncomitant iipparatni of a liiing orgaDli»4 
liud; -* And if ID, ho« inconceWabl; minute 
liiuiC ihoas parti ba I If a ginbulc of thali 

Rbnia bulk at a globiiU of our blood baan 
lo o«r nnnnilud*, wliat po»er« of calcula- 
tion son give an adequate notion of JM mi- 



the Pielare r,f ftidio ; Gengn^Meal, Uiilo- 

TJeai, and Dacriptiat. 2 volt, • 

TIMES were when happiness and 

well-being were deemed renulls only 

of prudence ami virtue ; but goldeii 



id ac^iilyi 



Bpccin. Spallaouni obaenei, that 
4 Uui«Jcul«t devour othan 10 vora- 
.Ij, thu ibey btua and become ioao- 
aoi •laniah bj over-fceding. Allar a 
' of tb» kind, if Ih^ be eonfinej In 
cd nt«r, tn .9 t<i l>e deprived of all 
lb«i(PjiDdi^iml«cpm«rtdoecdi lliej 
I their »<rit and ac'tlvitj, and aaiuu 
•)•*■{« thi> punnilof tha IBore minuta 
b, obldl ave >u[>plie<l to than : tbey 
wthaaeaitbouidspritiDBlbeni of life. 



tnanufac lured al plentifully as stock- 
jobbing bubbles, and advertised a* luch. 
One Myi that the felicity of a home 
and private dwelling is tnisery com- 
pared with being impounded in bSi> 
racks or colleges ; a second, that reli- 
gious enthutiasiii and unpliitosopliiciil 
absurdity cause happiness 10 pour 
down upon us lilic a walcr-spoot; a 
ibiid, ihat if we will but let foreizncrs 
rival us in our own market], aniT ren- 
der this country tribotary lo others for 
its oorn, there will be nothing but 
laughing and growing fat over the 
nholerealmi a fourth, that if we will 
but have parliamentary reform and uni- 
versal Euf^age, so that they who have- 



and e 

gniihed ) a fifib, that because li 
been always a losing concern to ine 
Company, and generative of heavy. 
tielit, it would be very advisable to 
ruin that Company, add the whole 
burthen of its debt (o that of tbe na- 
tion, and pay the interest by general 
taxation ; because as none but Eu- 
ropeans in India use European goods,' 
it follows that the naiivei, under the 
change desired, will then wear, in a 
' "ling climate, at many great cOa Is 



ouch in 



othe 



•bv (Rber. Tliese i 

■elWBlttri tff lille 1 

|}i»j leai] u> 10 in 



\$P%li 



We shall enter no further 
subjecl, for our author very justly says, 

" A< ilie tine far ngilaiia; the reneaal of. 
tha charter approacbrs, [here will, judging 
flam paituperieoce. b« a creatdetl of niit,- 
\a% and pafalishiDg ibovt tJit •nbjcet; «id 
again. Judtriag ftoin past aiEp«rieBC*, tha. 
quality of that writing wilJ bnr.mi leaiu*- 
eble proportioB to the quautiiy. Llpon, 
Uith tidei it will bs' party •rtiting, and 
India haa dl along been lo dilfiuant from 
England, both pbyiictlly and nuiall;, ibat 
DoarEumentuhigh sjiplietin llic una cuuMi] 



M . Fine ArUf^Litetarji InMUgenee. [July, 

dMW pttblieitioo 9Bly Kqoiras to b« mm : ThraM iAwrmce'e happiett pffrftirawiieet, 

ll noooMBtiidi -iUelf. *n^ ^^ fflM is ImmiijiuIIj temped by Mr. 

•i^M Coushisy who liM arrifed at perfection in hb 

JfWy fiMM qf Scaiip wi her Secretary art. The sixe of the print ii 1 1 in. by 9. 

ChMiiUtrd.^W% r^oice to eee tliis benntifiil — 

pfictare, by Mr. Hehhy Framllb, bo exqoi- The Fair Penitent, pnintad br H. Fidding» 

•ittly engnit«i in the linn mumeff by Mr. mmI well meiiutinied by W. Oilier, (12 ini 

A. Dunoan. Tliongh eonsiating only of cwn by 10,] hat bad greater paina bestowed on 

6gnres, the lovely Queen and her love- U than the Joke deserves. It is a front 

stricken Seoietaryi the acceseoriet of the view of a block man seated in the stoob, 

scene aire so hi^pilT disposed, and the light with a spaniel biting at his toe ; which the 

so well managed, tnat we scarcelv recoil, black seems to bear very stoically. The 

a more pleasing picture. We belitfe it has design might have been .suflSciently repre-^ 

been before published in mezzotinto, but we sentcd as a common caricature, 

greatly preftr the present print. It mea- — 

sures 1 5 in. by 1 0, is admirably calcnlatnd for Artists* Fund.— Johm Fyb, Esi^.' 

framing, and no doubt will be verypopoUr. ] In vol. xcviii. i. p. 449, we noticed i^ 

Mr. Henry Frauille has also pnblish««l very clever picture, <' The Wolf and tho 

two beautifol PrinU from ** Ivaoboe," 9A Lamb,'* by Mulready, which he presented 

inches by 16.— Tlie first is. The BUck to the ArtisU^ Fund. This picture h«s been', 

Ejught and the Clerk ef Copmanhurst.—^ beautifolly engraved by Mr. John Fje, to, 

** Fast and furious grew the mirth of the whom the Artists' Fund are under various, 

parties, and Dumy a song was exchanged be* cslier obligatiuns, particularly for his sug' 

twUt them.** This boisterous scene be- gestiou of the publicailon of plates tn in-, 

tween the Crusader King and the King ot crease the funda of the Society. A meeting, 

the BandiU, both in dbguise, ia well repre- waa held June 31 at, R.K. Keiui^le, es«|.] 

aented. The heroea are sitting at their ca* R^ A* io the chair, when the chairman pre-' 

ronse in the hermit's cell, and the light from sented Mr. Pye with a silver vase, thua in- 

the lamp auapended above them nlla hap- acribed : 

pilv on their countenaocea. The oicture ia '* Presented to John Pvs, eaq. by one] 

well copied in mezzotinto by Mr, W. Say. — hundred and forty-three membera of the' 

The aecond ia, in our opinion, a more pieaa- Artiata' Incorporated Annuity Fund, aa a 

tng subject. It repreaenu Rttccca and tribute of gratitude fur tiie eminent servicea 

Ivanhoe, The Hero of the Romance ia hav- he haa rendered to the Society. 

ing hia wounJa dreaaed bv the Jew, when ''May Slat, ISSU." 

Rebecca entera, and cliecKa the adJreia uf Also, a vellum inacripttoo, with the auto- 

Ivanhoe, "by placing h<fr alender finger graph signaturea of the 143 aubtcribera toi 

upon her mby lipa." It is a moat pleaaing the Vase. The foUowiog ia written on the 

oompoaition, and ia well engraved in mezzo- vellum : 

tinto by Mr. W. Lupton. *' Tlie Members of the Artiata' lacorpo- 

— — rated Annuity Fund, whose names are hereto^ 

A Portrait of Robert Bums, a^ed 97, subscribed, present to John Pvb, Esq. a' 

from the original picture by the late Peter piece of Plate, as a uibute of their regard, 

Taylor, in the possession of William Taylor, and to commemorate the many services he 

esq. of Leith, has been very well engraved, has rendered to the Fund by his zealous and 

in the line manner, by J. Horsburgh (9 in. able discbarge of the several offices he has 

by 7i). The Prmt is dedicated to Sir Wal- honourably held. 

ter bcott, and no doubt will be highly ac- « It is their desire to express, in the 

cepuble to the admirers, of the truly na- stronrnt terms, their sense of the obliga- 

tiunal Bard. •».. tion ne has conforred on the ^H;iety, by- 

originatiug and inde&tigably assiiting ia 

A Portrait of the Rizht Hon. John ff^l- bringing to maturity, a plan to increase the 

Ann Croker, Secretory of the Admiralty, and annuities of tlie superannuated members and 

M.P. for the University of Dublin. This their widows, by the publication of printa) 

picture ia mezzotinted bv Samuel Cousins, and it ia with high aatisfaction they here re- 

from the Painting bv the late Sir lliomaa eord^ that the firat Plate produced an aug- 

LAwrence, now ezhibitin^ in the British mentation to the funds of nine hundred ppunos. 

Gallery. We thmk the pamting one of Sir «<May Slat, 1880." 

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 

Nnv ff^kt aimouneedjhr PubUaation, American Provinces, with extensive Maps. 

A Hutory of the County Palatine of Lan- ^J Lieut.-Col. Bouchsttb, the dnrreyor 

caster. By Eow. Baines, Esq. Author of General of Lower Canada. 

the '* Topognphv of Lancashire,*' Sic, ^^T Moroam haa Just committed to the 

. A C3eographicai and Topographical Work P**** "•>' "^w w<irk am •«Fre»ee> ia IMP*- 

aa iha CanMda*, and the other Britbh North ^^9" contunug the substaose of her Jour- 



lAUrarn^hletUginttt 



mt Ltpl dndni; tvr recant rt*'>J«acf in Uut 
Comlr;. "iih tlx luUiitg chuigfi Bliiub 
Wc ukca uUcr widiin llir lut fuuncam 
tiin. EJllinn* in tu <>« publltbca liu.ul- 
tUMKulj in L.id<Iqii ud Piiii. 

Bu>v*ll'i L'tc aT JohnioD, complcu io 



Ml- JoiiH Abh 



■ H» 



Ihot of [he 

pjfed iipB uiuther jiijem, i 

h> eJM " The Rutiimtl 



atlhe'-UeiGiDt'uuo 


HeU' 


cuocWn. 




««:. 


PbuDngunniu 


n»« of 0.fwdibi.e 


uJ 


!u cuiiUguom 



Sehrila SiUiaiUH, > Puen on lb* Pre- 
temti<ui \ii iitthbt wutua in rhymii^ La- 
tin niH, bj GionnDi di Miluo, in (b« 
luma of (ho School n{ Silgrno, mil it- 
ibeufil to Kolwrt of Norauudr. toD of 
WillUn the Cauqiieror, with u IntToduc- 
lino tad Noiei, by Sic Alezamiu Chore. 
DC L. aod F.A S, 
Hell." b fn- A Phjiiuli.gic.l HUtory of M.n, rncioB 

1 leria rims, lo liii grulul nro™!» ibnnigh the nriout 
n," the irKu- lUgu of ■luiniiT siiitence, ham liU flnc 
■here (hat lar<n*lino in the dntfuetiai 



BjH. 1 



. Dewiiuuti Eiq. 






t o( V"(»> in India, fium Sketcbsi 
R.Eu,ioT. H.N. 

ij of Sociaij, bjr Mr. St. 



. Giu. Cbol 



LoKDON UmveiisiTV. 
Jui'j I*. Tha aonnat diitribulidi 

K'liH u the Siudanti took place chii 
r. Drnoiaa iXMuUd oo tha occaaioD, 

!- S. Plicf 



•\Mx - 



a ibiu dlitiik 



ABtiEfV^en ofthediaeRacE<t>li'»itof 
iIh Seiiplurai uf llit FioleitiDE and JlouiiB 
" ' 'le Clwrcbea. 

-t KIIIudf;, a Poem, b; Ml» 

FfW Ni«th«rn 'Fi>iiri«t, or Sttaogei'i 
■ M tha Nonh asd Nonh-Wfit of 
Bi P. D. H»aDY. 
>e* Leclvrct vu I'aluting. B] tlie 
,._|.a\Fu>u.i. 

r. Biittom'i Dii^iionair of ilic Aiobi- 
■a asd Arebwlugj of tic Middle Agoi. 
IW tl>« Wotdi uMd b, Old aad Mo- 
^utlior.. 
laveli (t> Ihe Srat ut War in iha EmI, 
lugb Boarii 
, jTb AttK, 
A Hemoii oi . 

(ir"'nia Mvwj "fOodll 
Ckriauu iD Cirlo, Ikv. J}j tha (Uw. J, 
K, af Whitliuro. 

i4m >B ■ Thuiuand Vcati, aad nthei 
I, b) SuutHivi BocHB, Ute Editor al 

- ■ Prophtciai re- 



I.A.Allen 
Cr«t_l.J. W.DoMld.oa. 8. A.AI- 
jn. a. J.C. Meade. 

English. "On tha date ofEogriih Litc- 
-nture lu the tticn iiF Queen EUub«lh, and 
It that 



mieiDriuiudden 

!'■— 1. R. W. Rojiou. 



C De- 



ntil L«>cen. 
Re». T. Bmdbiirj, Au- 



nrli» milracrifiDaiT, ". GriSn. 

tfrfrni— W. C. Young, of EHe-t-.treet, 
Prmch—i. Clowet, orpartfainient-ttreet. 
/.ow— I . R. D. Creagb. 9. J- Robintoo. 



Tha Warden and Sub-Watdaa at Nt- 
College, airiied at Wiachexltr Cotlcg*. (oi 
tliG purpute uF eleciing acboUn. Tliay 
were received at tlia eatcaou bv the Rigbt 
Rev. Wocdea (the L.»d lluboii of Hcnfiirdi, 

lib the . ■ .... - 



.f opulM L«tiu*« OD the 

-' I IV tha Jeniih Nation 

uM-flt-ti.. M.A.BCI 

- "J- 

u TUCiaaVTattamei 



and aalco 



1, delltai 



r of Albui], 



.ilh Ciitical and 
. Esfiliib. Bj the 

EoWtBD BSSTDT*. D.D, Begilll PlOr 

(.( Di.iBiiT, (Wo.d. 

■ Camitaignti 



iBilT,0]t 

It of ibe 

A bjAio ami toil 



i>d of iien/lj li 



Br 

ITi* Jnucsal at a Tour made bj Senor 

" a da Vega, tha Spani.h Mlnnrel .if 

H B>d 1«<9, iblougEl Great Bnliin and 



b> Mr. Hall, lOD of Dr. 

Hall. Muter of PembroVe Cidlagg. 

Tbe tuUowing j;en(lemea obtaioFd niKlak 

Gald ilf((&i^— Eagli^ priM . " Od tha 
DeMiiit) itf moral cnuraiia jn tha cooduct of 
life." Palmer. 

Ulln yer« ; " Pbiroa £d,.toau.- F.l- 
lowti. 

iiU'er M<daU.~" T. Qumctii Onilit ad 
Po|n.lum R..>iianuin." Gunner. 

" Lord Ecikine'i ipeacb ujion tlie proia. 
ciHionoftbe'AgaoflteBuiii.'" Butler. 
CotLast IN Ntw Suun Wiiu. 

A CoIIh* hai beeo toundad at Sjdacf, in 
New Soutli Wain. The firn nane wat laid 
DD tha aath of Januarr !u(. Tha hiluw- 

lija^a ^latti »aa mtaiteA xa\t ', ^^ 'tVi\k\j>^A' 
dalinci itoDe of Sjdnai CoWr^B— aAtaiWIA- 
iioD fuumltJ foi the I'lamum »o4 ?«« v"" 



M 



AiUlqumian Rnearches. 



[Jaljr, 



motioB of polite limatiira and th« libenl 
meU ainoBg tho Tooth - of Awtnlia — wat 
Wd by Franeia ForbM, chief Jnstioe of New 
South Welee, oo an mtispieioiii day, t'iz. the 
«6th Jaaoarj, in the year of onr liord 1880, 
in the lianpy reipi oif George IV.j Lient.- 
Gen. Ralph Dariing being Qovemor of New 
South WUet." 

Tub Byiantinb Historuns. 

The collection of the works of the Bv- 
xaatineHittoriant n publbhlng under tne 
antpioet of Mr. Niebohr, and other able 
philologitts. Geofgtos Syncelint, and Ni- 
cephorus C P., have recently appeared at 
Bonn. Synoellot hea been entruiced to the 
revision of M. Dindorf, whose worin have 
lesdered him Justly celebiated. In a short 



prefiwe, M. Dindoif states thu he has 

afalled himself of two manuscripts in the 
Pkris library. Hie one served as the basis 
of the first edition published at Parb in 
1669, by Father Goar; the other is men- 
tioned in Bredow's Parisian Letters. M. 
Dindorf calls Goar meeHoeri homo thetrinif 
artit erilicm J ae u U ai t nuUd, nugHgeuHA in* 
creHHU: but has nevertheless re-printed 
his Chronological Canoo, his Notes, and 
even his Index ! The republication of Syn- 
cellus must, however, be very serviceable at 
the present moment, fkcilitatinr as it doetf 
a knowledce of the dynasties of jSgypt. As 
for Nieephoms, that Arehbishop of Con* 
stantinople merely gave a ckronogrmpkia eom^ 
pentHariaf an abridgment, in which laets 
nave been intercalated posterior to his epodi: 



ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES. 



Some workmen digging out clay from 
a ditch in the neighbourhood of Kertch, a 
seaport and fortress of European Russia on 
the east coast of the Crimea,* discovered in 
the month of March, 1 8S9, three antique 
tombs, upon which were placed ten little 
statues in terra-cotta, with six vases of the 
same material (the form of one of which was 
most elegant) , and a quanti^ of small articles 
of flsother-of-pearl, ivory, and glass, belong- 
ing to the ornaments of a female. Some me- 
taUic articles, discovered in the same ditch, 
were so corroded by time, that they broke 
with the slightest effort. The statues, 
which are more or less bjured, all r ep r e se n t 
the figures of women. Six of them are 
draped, and possess no attribute by which to 
recogniie what divinities thev personify. 
The four others form a kind or group, re- 
presenting Venus and Love. The most re- 
markable of these pieces, and that which at 
the same time is tlie least injured, shews the 
goddess of Cvtherea, seated on a rock, par- 
tially covered by fine drapery. By the side 
of tlie goddess stands on the rock a Term, 
•ornionnted with the head of Serapis, with 
the modUa ;. andat the foot of the Term b 
the child of Venus, standing in a very 
graceful attitude. Below the rock are two 
Cupids, mounted, the one cm s dolphin, the 
other on a swan. Thb composition b in a 
sood style j and wants only the fore-arm of 
Venus, and the head of one of the Cupids. 

The. Museum of Antiquities at Kerteh 
has wiuo made another new acqnbitaon. M. 
PoumentsoflP, Captain (jessaouD of the Cos- 
sacks of the Black Sea, residing at Temruk, 
in the district of Tamane, has presented the 
Museum with a marble, having an anobnt 
Greek inscription, containing a consecration 
or oblation to Heroules, and which bears 
the date of the time of King Perhade, the 
eooofSpartoous. Unfortonately the pait 
d f thSi Biafble on which was the c ommenoe- 

*■ Nehr tbb pUee sloo<l the ancient town 
ef ^MrtktoKum, dbtinguished by the 



ment t£ the inscription has been broken and 
lost. The following is the preserved, part, 
the letters of which are ver^ beautifol and 
dbtinct *— 

. . . AAOr TOT inAPTOKOr 

. . . TIMOFENOr 

. . . ATHN EniKPATOY 

. . . IKPATH£ KPHTINHN 

• . • HPAKAEI 

King Perisade, the son of Spartocus, who 
b not mentioned in hbtory, and who is 
known to us only lately, by a similar in- 
scription found at Kerteh a few years ago, 
and afterwards transported to Theodosb, 
nigoed over the Bosphoros, after the 
year 984 before Chrut; the epoch at which, 
according to Diodorus Sicufus, Spartocus 
IV. died. 

Vbmetiam Artiqoitiu. 

• Dr. Labus, of Milan, (says the Rome 
EneyekpediquO has Just pubushed a seriet 
of verv curious observations on some 
Latin inscriptions recently discovered at 
Venice, or in its neighbourhood, and parti- 
cularly on an antique altar which was found 
hst year In repairing the altar of the ancient 
chapel of the bajSistery of the basilic of 
Saint Mark. In rabing upon that occasion 
the vahmble table of oriental granite which 
forms what in Italy is still called, af^ the 
usage of the primitive church, the meiua, 
or sacred table, it was discovered that it 
rested on an antique altar, dedicated to the 
sun, as appears fnna the following inscrip- 
tion, engraved in very beautiful Roman cha- 
racters :— 

SOLI 

SACK 

Q. BAIENTS 

ntocvLvs 

PATBR 
WOMIMVS. 

Dr. Labus's explanations with respect to 
thb monument and its in s crip ti on have fbr 
their principal object to show the worship 



jinltqaarian ttaeareha. 



f vliicU llie iJuT huS beta uieil. ind 
nnncofwhicbitwMattclcd, He 
. b; ■ dudIivt of mdngoui na- 
iptioai of the ttmt ige, cbit (h« 

Knmblp of (h« Sub, niivrd in the cut 
^ thai of tbe PcTiiiD god Milhra, >ad 




d ^^ 



.ofih 



• rnMrpnti it, kg^imalt/alher , conie- 

tifaikcx, who metti iMi monuiseiK 

N wf iha orienul ■upanliunni ithich 

t and moil nbaiinaEaty duputed the 

I vitb isbol ChriititDitx- Dr. LtUui 

via, UiU the npniiioa nomimui, hi- 

~ DOVD (a Latin leiicognphsn, ii 

if the Greek ii>(ifHflitiDiKd, ucnrding 






md 



1 ippuc b; thoDi- 

H Lo teren] AliLhiiic imcripLioai. Dr. 

migbt liHt idilcd, llwt [lie title 

erni to birebeeD the moit ■rninent 

c Milhriw h'lcnrchj, thit of pater la- 

if met with id ««tBr«l 

Vrfptinni nf the wcond lod lliicd ceoiu- 

■ II probably the umcwhieh impfetied 

lia ilur by the voiAi pairr nominuj ; 

!• (be Latin <|uiilili«(iDn ntpairr incro- 

eodeted into Greek in ■ 

F pncitt and e»el numner thiu by 

'r nfttiu", ■oidi iiihicli te-«ppe«r. 

It ideatictlly, aodet a Latin fgrm, in 

it vmdt paler nomiinui. 

Ph«iiici.s IssMimos. 

(A Phoniciaa iniciipticn. iiti a Fteach 

'«, hai juil beao found in Sicily, of the 



ately tSiCed, 
AnriguTTiis iir Cambh 
On the letb oFJuae, ■■ lome [ihoureri were 
dignirEiioiheCDnimijnbetwKnFulbournand 
Wi1bnhan),Cambr>dgetbire,lhevd'iccner«l 
1 broniB batlle-ug, or ipeir-lieid, in ■ fine 
•t>M of pmenMion. Some humui bunti 
were Ukewiu rouod, and teieral iron linb, 
moch corroded, near the ipol. TIlB bfooie 
weapon ii Don is the poiHiiion of Mr. 
W. HiDcock, of Fulboum. — Some few 

drawinei of them were i.ken by the lata 
Ber. T. Kerrlch, M.A. F.S.A. uid an «i- 
count of them wai written by lh« )■(• 
E. D. Cl«k, LL. D. and publi.hed in the 
A rchnologia, vol. xii. p. 46 r there werefiie 
in nuinber, (ad all of them eomlatcd nf 
brODXe, namely, two swonli, a ipear-head, 
toil two fuirulei. Id the year IS19, M 
•nme labouren were trenching up a yard 
upon tbe Htale of Mr. KromonC, of Ful- 
bourn, they diicovered an earthen pllchei 
■iirivunded and GoTered with biicki in a 



1 ending at Fen Ditton, tuei 
o the }i\tet cf thue diieo^ 



SELECT POETRY. 

AN EX;LIP3E. 



Which CI 




of laneful ladDeti, 
ipirit-circliog gledneii. 
All hito-like, when breatli'd above 
Each prayer lalutei that Lord of love ] , 
And Ihut too lighi the lonely heaii 

EuinaT'd with beaucy't mould ; ' 

WhtK loft altnction'. inille. depart. 

And leave the boaom cold : 
That dark eclipu which looii cornea oil. 
When Loie"5 awo light-wiog'd form ii gonei 

every iweet thought 
and Sol reiptendenc 

hlazun'd cloudi atteadant. 

Shall diitipaU the gluum. 
E'enlhut, Sin't dread eclipie depart!, 
n'bea gran diiioe Ita li^ht impart! : 
And thui, when bcanty gietti the eyet. 
The loDMone heart alMorbi ici ligha ! 

June Si, IBSO. Richard Jittov. 



66 Select Potity. [Jut y, 

DAMON AND ALEXIS. 

Damon. — ^A LEXISt Md ! whal caret to thee btlongi 

And why the woodt no mora girt back thy song ? 

Albxh.— Hut thou not teen the nymph of yonder pbua ?'-* 
I love, and fondly hug the galling chain* 

Damon. — ^Doet the blind God thy ev'ry thought iospire» 

And can'st thou now neglect thy tooeftil lyra ? ^ 

Ceate, cease, Alejua, foolish boy ! to bnrn ; 
Forget the girl, and Lote's allurements spom. 

AiEZii.— Ah ! till my soul the urchin rul'd supreme. 

No troubled tlioi^ht disturb'd youth's flatt'ring dieasa. 

Damon.— Let thoughts like these no mora oppress thy mind* 
Give eight and sorrow to the hoUov wind. 
Suppose we now beeuile the tedious hour. 
And try who sings we best in yonder bow'r. 
I first the beauties of the rising morni 
With evening's praise thy softer strain adorn. 
Or shall we of our country's heroes sing. 
And with their praises mske these mountains ring. 
Away, blind Love, bewitching boy, begone ! 
No mora shah thou inspire our rural song { 
To higher raalros our lofty verse we aim : 
We vie with Homer, an iaunortal name. 
We to the Gods heroic rhyme rehearse. 
Despise, O nobler Muse, Love's meaner verse ' 

Alexis. — In vain I siug, in vain I tune my lyra. 
And vain I sigh for Homer's epic fira. 
So long as AmyriUa, cruel maid ! 
lUjects my love. 

Damonv** Alone she seeks the shade. 

When fair Aurora opes the door of day> 
With joy uuieign'd, she then inspires my «ay. 

Alexis. — Grey twilight is, when leading solemn night» 
To me more lovely than the rising light. 

Damon. — How beautiful ! how awfiiUy sublime ! 

To see the sun o'er eastern moumaios dimb. 

Alexis. — He sets, and in bis beamiy the dancinj? tide 
Reflects the bsrks that on its bosom gnde.. 

DAMON.'^Tlie hlitlisome lark hj9 grassy couch now leaves, 

And flies towards heai'n to meet the morning breeze. 

Alexis.— The evening songu chaunted by the thrush. 

And blackbirds oborus from the hawthorn bush. 

DAMON.-^Beneath the yoke the patient heilbr bends. 

And the rich soil the crooked pknighshara lends. 

Alexis.— The rooks' return the weary peasants hail; 

Their rapt'rous toog floats on the evening gale. 

Damon. — Bright Lucifer forsakes the glowing sky. 

And Phcebus mounts his golden chariot high. 

Alexis. — Now the new moon begius her evening reign. 
And forms deceitful deck the misty plain. 

Damon. — Tlie purple clouds proclaim the setting sun ; 
The ploughboy sings, his daily tssk Is done : 
Freed from the yoke, the oxen spom the plough, 
And Phoebus sinks behind the mountain's brow : 
To dew-fraught gales yon stately beeches bend. 
While tlie dense vapours from the plain ascend. 

Joseph Chattawhy. 



fur 1 • 
HISTOUICAL CHRONICLE. 



ilie fropriely oF ii( inlroJuctian.— Tlii 
Daket/HkhmeiidMiil, Ihni he apjiroveil 
i>r il>e principle ot iha Kll. but lie ub- 
jpclwl to beer M«g ilroik up..ii th* 
ites.— Tb* Earl «f FoiinniM denied 






snded 1 



I Bill i 



iil'l I 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. 

(cfwriNuiD rnoH thi 5. 

Hovn o> LoHCiii .Ally 1. 
e Marli^SkifflabiiTy prcienUd hi* 
ntcr lu tbeir LJirdibip'a Ad- 
b lb* KiDg teturiii ibanks 
tortile eipr«iion of ibrir confldcnce in 
his, ind wiutM ihem th*( b« ihall brit 
dtterte tbeif lupport by hli etF.rit lu 
■villain lh« reformed reli|-iun etia- 

d by Ikw. and lo protect Ibe riftbn 

B libertlee of all <la<ie( uf Ilia subject!. 
Tb Mouie went iiitu a Commitier on 
[' FonoESV UiLL, obcii The Lord 
upotedtu rttain ibe puuitb- 
^t of death in the cue of iieguiiible 
landihe ttamrcrufstoclr, wiih 
It iniUvmenti contiecied iberewiih. 
_ It ffynfird, TfHltrden. and £ldait 

tupTHirled the amendment, and the Afar- 
jaeH (^ Lannlmme declared biiatell in 
favDQr of ihc Bill ai it then liaud. On a 
divUian there ippeareil, Fur ibc amend- 
«l, ITi BgKitl«< it, 30: inijijiily, 57. 
t capilal puniabmenE ptrt was tlien 
B iiitrudueed Into the Bill. 

k tlie Commons, ihe latne day. Lord 
rCtmr brouchi up bit Mi^eaty's an- 
^ 10 The Address otCondoleiiie. 

le atmeeHiiroflluEtektgutr aiByei 
(ibi/d Tfidinc of ibe Ureh Bill. 
t debaii, Mr. JUaUrlf moved 
•J «ay of rider, (or puiipuning 
ion uf the Bill tur iwu^csri, 
lirh the Huuie divided— F..r Ihe 
91; a°aln>lli. 133. Mr.T.Eit- 
loTcd the imrodticiion dF a chute 
Id limit the operalion ol Ibe Bill to tuch 
pirltbei ■• oontained more than ibrpB 
hundred b(>uSM_The ChanteUor of ihe 
Extkt^rr (aid, that the efTic!) of Ibe 
cliuae propMcd Vdold be to dotrny ibe 
Kill altDfither. In Wilitbira there were 
317 paiiibd, out uf obich only 18 would 
be aiiJc lu nail ihemielvei of the pro- 
vltiuDl <rf the Bill,— Mr. T. EUcaurl 
Hiibdrew biaclauie. — Mr. Bailty mortd 

of ht. JD caac of drunkdinew, which wa> 
Ihont ■ dtvialan.~Tfae Bill 



the iiiiercili of Ibe revenue.— torrf 
7-,ynkain wa^ in favour of Ibe Bill, and 
niibrd tbeDuiiei 10 be Uken off malt 

After a abort dlncuiiinn between iM-d 
Ellcntartugb, Eari lHulmilmry, Lard 
Fiitmoutk, Lardde Dttrulaiunllo, and ibe 
I>ii*a a/ itlahmotul, the Bill wai read a 



In the Hoi'SE uF Commons the Game 
ay. Sir Robtrrl Petl brought up an 
ntwer from bii Majeily lo Ihe Addrcii 
} Ibe Throne, in which hii Mijeiiy 
ipretied hii Kraiitude tar the loyai and 

ommont, and Iruded thai they would 
e able, wlihuut cauiing any emharrsH- 
lent eithrr lu priiali or public huiineu, 
a proceed wilboul delay to make pru- 
iiioni For the (flrvice of ihe Stale, during 



> of the 






llouts or IioiDs, July S. 
,it Duk* of WtUmglim. ill movini: 
R. lb* Buia Bill be rvail a tecond 
M,«aldlbsl Iheuhjtrloribi; Bill WB> 
'««bt*raAa cheap rate id the puorrr 
—MorUwCDnKBuniiy. Tbia Bill wn 
\ \»xtoi,wBtA iina Vt,i\iamnit until a 
BWJireiui/ ituiiaunceil upon 



£;<-Ar^«r, theBxBHandt-iueii Dltirs' 
Bill wat reiul a aecnnd time, and or- 
dered lobe comntilled. 

Mr.A. CrantbroQehlforwardamalion 
fof appniniinicaREQeNCT lo cunducl Ihc 
atfatra of Slate In caie ul the dumiie nt 
tlie Crown, and addrexed ilie Hituiu at 
considerable lenslb. The Hon. M«iuber 
grounded (he neceitlly of bit muiiun 
chiefly on ibe precedent afforded by 
George III. who, on ifae oceailon of hi* 
inditpotiiioii in ibe year 176^, coniidertd 
■be ioterella of bi* kinplom to liable to 
hazard. In the event of the demise of 
the Crown, while (he Prlnre oF Waica 
waa yet a minor, that be bimiejf came 
down in the Parliament lo urge [he 
ifflmediale appolnlmeiil of a Re|;ency. 
He ooni^luded by muTin|t an Aildreit (u 
bii Mnieily, tTaUng, in eScci, the rea- 
dinns of the Uau«> " lo lake into im- 
mediate eoniidaraiionany measure whieli 
Ills MajcMy might be graciously pleaud 
lu tecummend, ia Dtii«T to ^uuA i^^iwA, 
Itie puitibls lia»Mil*iUc\v*MXoVit»£^ 



68 



Proceedingi in Parliament. 



{July, 



prebended from, the demise of the Crown 
in the present eircumstances of the 
country. — The SoticUor-generiU con- 
tended that no paramount necessity ex- 
isted for the proposed Address, and which 
alune could justify its adoption. If 
unhappily the event alluded to should 
occur. Parliament would be ready, as 
in former times, to provide for it.*-The 
JtUmey - general thought no danger 
could accrue from a postponement of 
the question, which it would be more 
respectful to his Msjesty, and a safer 
course to pursoe, tlian to agitate it just 
cm the cTe of a dissolution of Parlia- 
ment.*— 5tr R, Peel said, it would be 
not a very auspicious commencement of 
a new reign for the House to oblige the 
Bling to do what he had declared he had 
no intention of doing. Many contin- 
ceocies might occur, too, which it might 
oe extremely difficult to provide for; 
and after exerting the utmost ingenuity 
in detising remedies, they might pro- 
•doee ten thousand times more danger 
than if the contingencies took place 
without them. The motion was sup- 
ported by Mr. BamJket, Mr. C fF. fTpfme, 
and Mr. Brev^iUim .*— and opposed by 
•Lord J)arlmgiem and Mr. Dogheriif, On 
a division the numbers were-^For the 
motion 93 ; against it SI 7. 

The House went into a Committee on 
the LibklLaw Amendment Bilu— Lerif 
'Merpeth made an amendment in one of 
;the clauses, leaving out the additional 
penalties for libels in newspapers. — The 
Aitemey-generai opposed the amend- 
ment.— The House divided— For the 
amendment 87; against it SI.— The 
oiher clauses were agreed to. 

House op Lords, Jufy 8, 
The House went into Committee on 
the Beer Bill, when the Duke of Rkhr 
mend's clause for preventing the con- 
sumption of beer in houses to be esta- 
blished under the new law, was rejected 
by a minority of 60 to 15. 

House of Commons, •Tk/y 9, 
The Beer and Cider Bill, tb« Exche- 
quer Bills Bill, and the Militia Pay Bill 
were read a third time and passed. 

On the Order of the Day being read 
for the ftiriber consideratinn of the Li- 
bel Law Bill, the jitiome§t*general 
moved, as an amendment, that tbe clause 
for raising the security on newspapers 
should be increased from 800/. to 400/. 
•'•^Lerd Normanbif was not disposed to 
increase the power of Attorney-generals, 
-and least of all the present one.— Mr. 
P, Thomeom was opposed to the amend- 
'senty af be thought the sum of 800/. 
whieb was tha present amount of seeu- 
r, wm§ ^ite MuMhkaU'^Lerd Hemkk 



thought the present law quite sufficient 
to punish any misconduct on the part of 
tbe press. — Mr. ff^artmrlon thought it 
unfair to new newspapers to impose 
greater penalties on them than on those 
already established.— Tbe House then 
divided, when there appeared— For the 
Jttemeif - generaVs Amendment, 68 ; 
against it, 47. — After some further dis- 
oussion, the Bill was read a third time, 
and passed. 

House of Lords, July IS. 
The Sale of Beer Bill was, on the 
motion of the JDuke tf fFemngten^ read 
a third time. — Several amendments were 
then proposed by tbe noble Duke, and 
agreed to. One was, that two house- 
holders should be security for the person 
taking out a licence. 

July 13. — On the motion of the Earl 
rf Shaftesbury t the Forgery Bill was read 
a third time, and passed. The Welsh 
Judicature Bill was read a second time. 

In the House of Commons, the same 
day, Mr. Brougham concluded a long 
and eloquent speech by moving a resp- 
lution to the effect that the House would, 
at the earliest practicable period, take 
into consideration tbe most effectual 
means of mitigating tbe condition of 
the Slave population, and finally, of abo- 
lishing slavery altogether} and that they 
would further take into consideration 
the state of the West India Colonies, 
with a view to amend the administration 
of Justice in the said colonies.— Z.ori/ 
Merpelk seconded the motion. After a 
long debate the House divided, when the 
numbers were ^ for tbe motion S7; 
against it 56. 

House op Lords, July SO. 
The Jbrnrd Chancellor moved their 
Lordships' concurrence in the Address 
to his Majesty, to remove Sir Jonah Bar- 
ririgton from the office of Judge of the 
Admiralty Court of Ireland, he having 
been proved guilty of malversation in 
the exercise of his Judicial functions. — 
Tbe inotiou unanimously agreed to. 

Juhf SI.— Tbe Administration of 
Justice Bill, the Libel Law Amend- 
ment Bill, and the East Rktfohd 
Disfranchisement Bill, were read a 
third time, and passed. 

July S3. His Mi^^ty prorogued Par- 
liament in person. He was attended by 
the Duke ol Wellington, tbe Earl Mar- 
shal, tbe Lord Chancellor, tbe Lord 
Chamberlain, and the other High Offi- 
cers of Sute. The Speaker of the House 



!S30.) 

ul Crimmor 



Proceeding! in Purtii 
itienJeJ by many m^oi- 



:ed du- 



ll tbe Bar, and add] 
Najvity In a neac (fieeeb, i 
errtrd lo tbe principal acii ei 
r>n; ihe pait S«»ii>n. Afiir ttiia 
tStjetty dcliverei) tbe ralloniiig Spei 

" Ms Lardi and Ct'Ulrmrti, 
•• On liiii fint uvcuiOD nF muling jr 
iofftp«»tipE to jou in par 



Bj t 



• tot 



tiaeen lyaipalh^ 

ment wluch joo coDveyed to me on 

B» of my lunealed Biulhor. aoc 

I MOtnd that tbront with a drep hi 
die Bend duiin which devalie upo 
— .iih ■ Crm rcliuicK on (he afFut 
my &iihfiil idIijbcei, aod on the •< 
and i:.i-<>(>«ntion of Pirliamci 



the . 



Gud, lUt he 



lynto 
.1 proiper my v 



mighty 



pronutf tba htppi 
and lojal penple. It i> with the utmoiE la- 
lii&ciion that I Sad mjsctf enabtfd Co cao- 
gntolala you upon the gcaettl tianqixillity 
DrEaiape. Thli iruquitnty it will be tbe 






1 the a 



d (Void all fur 



< 1 r 



dictated in a limilar tpltit. I Iruil that 
good UBdafitaodiDg which prevaili upon 
• - of common inlamt, and the deep 
which every lUte must have in 
BBintalning the peace oF the wofM, will in- 
im tbe utii&ctoiy lettlement of ihoM 
nnten which ttill remain to be liaally 
atiaiise>l. 

• ' Gmtlrmea vflhe House ofConmuti, 
" 1 thank yon fur the lupplia which 
you ba>e Eiantfd, and for the provision 
which you liaia mads for ■even] branchei 
of the pabUc lervice, during that part of the 
ptCMDC year which muit elapie befnra a 
new Parliament can be aiiembled. I cor- 
dially eengralulate you on the dimlnatioo 
wbidi kaa taken plan In the eipenditure oF 
tbe eaunlry: on tba reduecinn of the 
charga uf ilia public debt; and on tbe te- 



meiiL—FoTeign Nevis. 

lief wliich ynu liate afforded to mjr pei^Ia 
by the repeal uf iiimg oFthoif taxei vhicb 
liave Iwretiifbre preaied heaiil)' upon them. 
Von may rely upon my prudent and ecnno- 
miul adminiitntion of the luppliti which 
JOU haie placed at my di.poial, «.d upon 

of the public charge! which can be eflectid, 
conllitenlly with the dignity oF the crnwn, 
tbe milntenance oF nacional faicb, and the 
permanent inteieic* of the country. 
" My Ltndi and GtiUlrmtn, 
" I caanut put an end to thU •e»idn, 
and take my teare of the preient Paiiia- 

For theieal which yau^h»e nan;feiiti-d''on 
■o many ocDaaiona for tba weltmrc of my 
people. Yuu have wiiely availed your- 
(clvn of tbe happy opportunity oF general 
peace and internal repoia calmly to review 
many of the lawi and judicial e»[*bliih- 
mcnti of the country, and you haia applied 
•uch cantioiii and well-cnDiidered lelormi 

bcilitate and eiLpedi'te the adminiitralioa oF 
jiuCice. You lia>e reiooved tbe civil dU- 
qualificaliona which affected aumeroui and 
Important claiiei of my peuple. While 1 
dedire on thi> solemn occaiioo my fixed 

r the Protaitant Refuimed Religion 
liihtdby law, let tne at the tame lime 
HI my earneit hope that the animoii- 
tiei which have prevailed OD account of re- 
llgiuut diitinction. may bo forgoilen, and 
that the decliion of Parliament with rripect 
to thole distinctiont having been iirevoca- 
b!y pronounced, my (lithful luhjecla will 
unite with me in advanciOE the great object 
contemplated by tba Legierature, and in pru- 
moting that tpiril oF dameitic concord md 
peace which cnnititutei tlie tureil batii of 
onr national itrangth and bappineti." 

Hit Ha)eily relorned to St. Jamea't a 
few minutes before three o'clock, amidtt 
the deareiiing icclamntiuni oribouianda 
ot all rank! and lenei nbo lined Ibeway. 

On (be following day tbe Parliamem 
«raa diatolved by royal proclamaliuii. 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



K FRANCE. 

B.Tbe French eleclioui have been etr- 
■Mtal nn aitb much spirit, bnt wiib great 
riliadvantage lu (be miuiaterial eandi- 
dalFt. The tide o[ popular Feeling haa 
been againtt them in nearly all the pro- 
rial drleat i(i the departmental cidlege 
ol ibe fieine (othemite ibal oF Pant) 
■ as the luutt (ignal ; not to touch be- 
rauae the opposition candii: 



lecured their succett watihe moit over- 
whelming. Out of a,!5B loleri, M. dc 
In Burde obtained the tuffrngeiuf 1,7£D, 
and hit anlagoniit, M. Henneqtii.i, uF 
only 434. Not more than a iinh nart uf 
the higher constituency of Paris could 
be prevailed upon, Ijy ofHcial circular* 
and Royal prucUmnlionir, in [ive iheic 
suffrages fur a candTdate in any way at- 
tached to the party of the Guvemnv^m, 
iu\>pott\u t'juein. Om.v 



jjdirned, but brtMuta On majority fihicU of 394 teluttUi theOpp<nti.i 



79 Domestic Occurrences,'-^Promotions» [July; 

nearly dead. Tbey were this day tried at fasted with the Dake of Wellington, at 

£diDbDrgh in the High Court of Jutti- Aptley House. Aboiit two o'cloek hit 

ciaryy with diMed doori. The Junr re* Majesty returned to St. James's PaUee, 

turned a verdiot of guilty against both and held his first levee since his acocs- 

the parties. After the verdict had been sion to the throne, 

reoeived, Lord Moncrieff observed, that • The S8d of July the King inspected 

the case was one which it <* beggared all the Ist and 3d Battalions of the Grena- 

power of language to describe, and all dier Guards, on the Parade in front of 

terms of condemnation to characterize," the Horse Guards } and afterwards the 

and Lord Justice Clerk Bqyle declared, 9th (or Queen's Royal) Lancers, com- 

in pauing sentence, that '* no words he manded by the Earl of Rosslyn. 

could use were capable of worthily de- On the morning of the 86th insf. hi« 

scribing the unparalleled brutality and Mijesty had a grand review in Hyde 

wickedness of so foul a crime." when Park of the Household and other troops, 

his Lordship wu proceeding to direct consisting of two troops of Horse Ar* 

the bodies of the criminals to be given tlllery; two batteries Foot Artillery t 

for dissection, Dobie exclaimed — ** My 1st and 8d Life Guards; Royal Horst 

Lord, it is a grand thing that you canna Guards ; Ist, 8d, and 3d battalion of 

dissect the soull " Grenadiers} Sd battalion Coldstream 

■ Guards; 1st and Sd battalion of Third 

LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. Guards ; the entire of the Troops under 

Hit Mt^etiy Wtl&am the Ji^urth, the command of Gen. Lord Vise. Com- 

His Miyesty, since his accession to the bermere. The whole presented a very 

Throne, has been rendering himself ea- brilliant sight. 

tremely popuUr by bis frequently ap- On the S7th the King attended a review 
peaking. In public^ and conducting him- of the Artillery and Engineers at Wool- 
self with great condescension and affa- wich ; after which his Majesty and at- 
bility towards all around him. tendants partook of a roost elegant de- 
On the 19th his Majesty inspected the jeuh^ ^ la fourchette with the Artillery 
Coldstream Guards on the parade in St. officers. In the course of the entertain- 
James's Park, accompanied by the royal ments bis Majesty, after toasting the 
Dukes and an immense concourse of Royal Artillery, gave '* the Duke of Wel- 
people. He afterwards held an inves- lington and the Army and Navy com- 
ture of the roost ancient and noble or- bined." 

der of the Thistle, when the Duke of On the 28th bis Majesty held a levee 

Sussex was invested with the insignia of at St. James's Palace, when great num- 

tbat Order. At one o'clock the King bers of the nobility and persons of 

held a court at St. James's, for the pur- distinction had the honour of being pre- 

poae of receiving addresses from the sented. 

Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. A new street from Waterloo-bridge to 

On the 30th his Majesty inspected Charlotte-street, Bedford-square, is to 

the 1st and Sd battalions of the 3d Guards be carried into immediate eflfect. The 

on the parade in St. James's Park. After Government give the Marquis of Exeter 

the troops went through their various S5 000/. for his share of the ground 

manmuvres, the officers were separately which it will occupy, and the Duke of 

presented to his Majesty, and kissed Bedford generously contributes 4,000/. 

hands. Among those present were the towards the plan. The Waterloo-bridge 

Dukes of Cumberland, Gloucester, and Company will subscribe as their propor- 

Wellington ; Princes George of Cumber- tion 5,000/. The Mercers' Company 

land, I^opold, Frederick of Prussia, and have at their own cost agreed to cany 

a great number of field officers. After the new street entirely through to Char- 

the review his Mi^esty proceeded to lotte-street, where, in a direct line 

visit the exhibition of the Royal Aca- through Bedford- square, Gower-street, 

demy at Somerset-house. by the London Universitv, it will fall 

On the Slst his Majesty, accompanied into the Great North Road. Mr. Arnold, 

by the Queen, and a ttended by a nu- the proprietor of the English Opera- 

nierous suite, inspected the two regi- house, will immediately commence the 

ments of Life Geards in the Regent's re^erection of his theatre on a partially 

Park. Their Migesties afterwards break- new site. 

PROMOTIONS AND PREFERMENTS. 

Gazkttk Promotions. Jtdy 6. Sd Foot Guards i Capt. H.CoIville 

July 5. John Forbes, M.D. F.R.S. of to be Capt. and Lieat.-CoI. — 87th Foot. 

Chichester, to be a Physician to the house- Major James Rowan, to be Major-^Uoat- 

hold of the Duke of Cambridge. tached; Capt. Lord G. A. Hill,' to be Major 






■r IdC— Guiiaciai : Ci|X- J. C Grifiithi, 
M be »'at-Maj«r at St. Joliu'f, Ncorcniod- 
iiathtJ : Bnvtt Lieut- -Colooeli 
■s<l D. M'Drwgltl, of Nan 
J. F. Uts, nf New Bruaiwkk, 
M«Jt>n of lof. 
JattiiiiD lilucn. Biitl. (o ba ColoDel 

ud Langtuni Rukrliy. eio. to be LieuC-CoI. 

Jul^ lb'. lOHi Fwt. Bretet LieuL-Cot. 
Duacu M'Duunll lo be Major.— S7tliFuut, 
CteCHoo. NH.C. M«My,wbeM.iof— 
Officm OB Uw Staff promoted to unat- 
tached Coamiaaiani ; tu be Lieut. -Coloneli 
■i InfcDOT— bniet Col. Hon. J. Ramuji 
br*i«t LuBL-ColDDeJi G. C. D'Aguilar, 
C. Tutatr. Sir Gdj Campbell, ban.. C H. 
ChnreliiU. H. G. Soiitll, K. SoodgrMi, li. B. 
Harria, I.«ni J. T. K. Soincnet, and T. 
Drmkc— To be Majort of Infantry -. brent 
Ucatcnut-Coloadi L. L. Fuater, R. Egsr- 
toa, W. SUvalf, G. E.att, W. Beretford, 
J. Sha-. T. Noel Uaitii, brevet Major 
C WMd. 

Ufiecn lately rcmored from Staff liciu- 
lisoa IB Ireknd, prDinoted to unaLlaclled 
r«uiiiu«u._TD l<e LleuI.-Colanel< ofln- 
b»aji bm«l Col. £. J. O'Brien, and R. 
Owen- — To be Major of Infaottj ; brevet 
N^i. C. Snitb.— Brereti Miynr Alex. 
Cawibell, to b« yeut.CDl.-Staif i Major 
W. Nbnhdl, to be Iiu|>eetiDg Field-Officer 
gf Militia is Nova Scoiia, mitb ibe rank of 
Lieot.'Colootl. 



K.C^1« 



bcGoren 



n. Gcorg* Maelue to be Gov 



Upper 



>i of Si. 



. Ra«d, 



Brevet ai undermentioned :— To be Field 
Mirihal. io tlie Armj; Gcneial. Sii A, 
Clarke, Rlgbl Hon. Sir S- Hulie. 

TobeQeoeraliiathaAnaji LiExiL-.OeBi. 
Earl of Dalhnuiie, T. Baker, H. William*, 
Marqui. Conyoghani, Hon. Sir A. How, 
SirJ.Fraier, P. Heron, J. RamuT. Sir J. 
D. Brougbton, ban., W. Djott. Sir R. C. 
FersuioB, bait.. Sir R. Macl«(ane, J. G. 
Croabia. £. Sucli, Hon. J. Brodricli, Sir 
H. W.rde, J. Dorham, bon. D. Leilie, J. 
M. Kerr, T. Scott, Sir T. H. Turner, C. 
Cliowne, Hon. W. Maiiland, l^rd Cre»e, 
Hon. Sir G. U Cole, Q. J. Freeman, Earl 
of Oruard, F. Moore, Viecount Lorton, Sir 

W. H. CliotOD. 

To be Lieut-Oeneralg !n the Armi : Ma- 
jor-Gem. Sir C. Iinhnff, G. Gordon, A. 
Adam.. L.ird Mac<ianal<l. S Need, E. Web- 
ber, T. LEitranga, C. Craven, J. Foteaui. 
G. K. Dina, J. Moore, Sir H. M. M. 
V.va«iur, ban., H. R. Knifiht, S. V. 
HinJe, T. N. Wyodhatn, T. B. Glegft, Hon. 
J. Ramiay, L. Moabeim, Sir C. Grant, Sir 
J. Lyon, J. Orde, C. D. EEerlon, Sir T. 
Beckwiih, H. J. dimming. Sir C. Pbilliin, 
H. Bruce, T. B. Reynardaon, Earl of Ca- 
rj.fort. Sir P. Maillaad, Hon. E. Capel, 
Sir W, Sber'idan, hart,, O. B. Muodf, Hun. 
Sir R. W. O'CaJliRhan, Sir J. Keane, Lord 
G. Berufurd, R. Campbell, R. Balfour, 
Eul of Camwadi, J. Cuming, Sir C. Hal- 
keil. Sit H Buabury. bart. Sir H. Lowe, 
Sir Fred. Adamt. Sir H. H. Vivian, hare. 

To be Major-GenenJi in the Army ; Col. 
R. Ellice, Sir J. Uuchan, N, M'Leud. M. C. 
O'Conn 
1. Mac. 
J. Gardim 

Iwni, J. i^mai, J. W. Sleigh. A. Netbitt 
W. G. Davy, C. W. Maawell, C. A.b 
A. Campbell, M. Najiler. J. Wan" 



JmIi/ so. esih Foot; Major 
Is be Uauu-Col.— sad Kootj Lrevei 
Brook Firman to be Major.— Uuatl 
in be Lient.-Cal. of Inf. brevet J^ 
R.Granl.— Tube Maj'n of Infantry 
Major Wm. Hanbnry Daviei, brevet 

Col. John Gurwoud, Capl. F. Du Vemel 

boB-. brevet Col. W. BcrHfbrd to he Per- 
maeeot Aiaiilaot Quaitermaiter-ueneral { 
M^ H. G. Broke, to be Deputy Quaiter- 
iuaaMT-«H(aI la Nova S<iatia, with tlie rank 
of LIeut.-Col. 

Julyii. Knigbted, Mania Archer SbH, 
£••1. Pru. R. Ac«<.. Ju. South, Esq. of the 
Ubmratorj. Kaoiiogtoo. Wm, Henry Hi- 
cUrdwD, Eu. SbeiifC of London, GeorB« J. Hanburj. 
Diinkvater, Etq. Mavnr if Liver[>ool. To he Colonel* in the Armjr. — Lieut.- 

JwhiVt. To bfl Aide-dr-Cunpi to hia Culoncla W. Smith, J. Witliac, M. Mar- 
Majetly for the M.litia force, Cul>. Sir W. iion. Sir F. K, Doite, hart., H, Vonee, W 
W, Wvnn. ban., G,o,ge Earl of Aboyne, Gmy. E, Darlev, J, R. Ward, H. Williami, 
Lord DiAriB and Claneboye, Thomaa W. V. Honpeteh, C. Hamilton, J Danie)' 
Wool. W. W. Hlike, Sir E.Milei, G. Tcetdali 

H'ar OffiU, Jiikj ti. Sir RuUtt T. Wil- ;ruardi ; W. H. K. Erikine ; G. J. lUrvo 
Vt. mlUtui 10 bit noli of Mojur Gen., and M.Mahoo, Hui. H. Murray, J. M. Kvrnn 
■ b> Lii>al.-General. J. Giey, G. Wyndham, A. Cameron i Sir . 

O'ha (oUninit ofEnti to i^e iha rank of Wilton, T. K. Ilurke ; T. Dabncr, &ii I 



A. Campbell, M. Napier. J. Wardlaw, J. 

YatM, J.Keatney, E. J. O'Ufien, T. Fo.ler, 
:ol. Hon.J.Ranuav,J.A.Far(|uhanon,R.O«en, 
tret A. G. R. No'rcoci, C. Bruce, J. F. Fiii- 
Jt.- Gerald, A. B. Clifton, W. Stewart, W. C. 
— Euttace, Lord Greenock, E. Lindiay, Sir A. 
>er- Uitb, J. Roil, Count F. Rinirola, Sir J. 

Browne, Hon. Sir R, L. Dundat, Lord H. 

Manneri. Hon. H, ArbuihnoH, Sir R. Ar- 

buthnotl.G. G.CL'Eilrange, T. Pe.r.00, 

D. L. Gilmour, Sir G, H. li. Way, Sir J. 

Douglaii, J. W.ter>, W. Macbeao, Sir W. 

P. Carroll, the Ri^bt Hun. Sir H. Hardioge, 
G. Elder, W. Cation, J. Clitheruw, 



■}\, 



n 



Pramotiom, 



Wstion, E. Walker, T. Evtat, J. Jobttsoa, 
A.MacUine, W.G. M*Gre|of, J. Hay, W. 
Wood, W. Warre, C. A. 1 Court, C. O. 
d' AguUar, J. O. Cuyler, G. O'Malley, N. 
lUmsay, P. D'Arcey, J. Gillies, B. R. J. 
Cotton, C. Turner, W. F. 6. Loftus, F. S. 
Tidy, G. Bnrrell, J. Farrer, R. Ross, T. R. 
AYlmer^ J. M'Dermott, H. J. Riddell, R. G. 
Elrinetooy H. C. £.- V. Graliam, J. Ready, 
C. A. Vigoureux, Sir J. A. Hope, Sir R. J. 
Harvey, Sir £. K. Williams, H. SalliTao, 
B. Camac, R. M^Douall, H. John, R Arm- 
stronx* A. Brown, R. WaHer.^ir F. Stovin, 
Sir G. Campbell, bart., R. G. Hare, A. 
Thompson, J. W. Mallet, M. ClifFord, F. G. 
Heriot, S. Rice. W. F. P. Napier, J. Dafl^, 
M. Lindesay, H.Daubeny, D. Mercer, F. M. 
Milman, J. Reeve, J. Tonson, W. A. Gor- 
don, S. A. Goodman, T. Kenah. 

To be Lieutenant-Colonels in the Army. — 
Majors J. Moore, J. Jones, C. Miloer, W. 
Fawcett, J. Phillott, M. Close. M. Ryan, 
W. H. Taynton, F. Elwin, W. M. Morrison, 
W. H. Upslie, T. Hole, J. Peat, M. A. 
Bozon, H. Cameron, H. White, £. Carly- 
on, G. G. Cochrane, P. Campbell, T. Weare, 
T. Burke, J. Bogle, A. Todd, R. Campbell, 
H. Cameron, J. Creighton, W. S. Forbes, 
W. V'mcent, B. Stone, 1\ S. NicoHs, D. 
OKelly, C. H. Smith, G. A. Eliot, James 
Jenkin, James Lewis Basden, D. Campbell, 
J. P. Gates, £. T. Fitzgerald, C. Pratt, G. 
Spotttswoode, J. Harvey, L. Gray, C. Camp- 
bell, H. Obins, G. Tovey, J. Horton, J. 
Laing, £. A. Angelo, J. Bradish, R. Jones, 
J. Campbell, D. M*Neil, G. S. Thwaites, 
W. Sail, S. Bircham, S. Colberg, R. Hil- 
Hard, Lord R.Kerr, J. S. Lindesay,G.Bunce, 
N. Brotton, W. Morris, R. Rochfort, J. 
M'Mahon, D. ODonoghue, J. Jerrard, R. 
Terry, J. T. Whelan, A. Morris, G. EUioU. 

To be Majors in the Army. — Capuins M. 
M'Leod Tew, J. J. Hollis, A. Mackenzie, 
J. Proctor, R. Hunt, E. Charleton, C. Ben- 
nett, B. Halfhide, R. Mullen, J. Bent, F. 
Heatley, J. H. Phelra, J. Rivers, H. Pratt, 
J. Henderson, H. Wellmah, W. North, W. 
Smith, E. Rennick, D. J. Macoueen, G. A. 
Pelhoste, P. S. Norman, S. Workman, R. 
J. Denham, C. S. O'Meara, J. Swinburne, 
K. Moore, J. Garvock, R. S. Aitchtson, J. 
W. Nunn, C.SchaWy J.Tongue, J. Johnson, 
W. S. Bertrand, R. Jebb, J. Fitz|erald, J. 
H. Bamett, P. Lowen, R. HammilT, P.Dun- 
can, M. McGregor, J. Kitson, H. Hawkins, 
£. K Hill, F. Fullel*, B. Jackson, D. £. 
Johnson, S. Noel, G. Ineham, G. Macpher- 
son, T. S. Begbie, J. J. Anderson, A. F. 
Barbauld, R. N. Crosse, T. Pardoe, S. Ken- 
aedy, G. £. Jones, P. Baylee. 

To be Aides-de-Camp to his Majesty with 
the rank of Colonel.— ^ir R. Gardiner, J. 
Fremantle, Lord G. W. Russel, E. Wyn- 
yard, J. Fergnsson, T. W. Brotherton, Sir 
A. J. Dalrymple, bart. Sir J. H. Reynell, 
W. Smelt, A. Creagh, J. R. Arnold, W. 
Wem/§8^ Q. Fitzclarence. 



[July, 

TEm following oftoera of the Royal Ar- 
tillery and Royal Engineers to take rank by 
brevet :— 

To be Lieot.-Generab in the Army.—- 
Major-Gens. J. Humphrey, H. Eustace, 
Lord Bloomfield, G. Cookson. 

To beMajor-Generals— Colonels E.Pritch- 
ard, J. Viney, R. Beevor, J. Sborthall, R. 
Legff, R. Crawford, 

To be Colonels.— Lieut.-Cols. P. Ket- 
tlewell, F. Conlson, R. Uniacke, G. Irving, 
Sir J. May, J. F. Burgoyne, C. W. Pasley, 
Sir H. de Ross, Sir C. F. Smith, C. G. Elfi- 
combe, H. Goldfinch, J. W. Smith. 

To be Lieut.-Colonels.— Majors W. M. 
G. Colebrook, T. TidalL 

To be Majors. — Captahis J. Darby, S. 
Rudyerd, W. Bentham, C. C. Dansey, D. 
Bissett, A. F. Crawford, H. W. Gordon, J. 
CNdfield, M. C. Dixon, R. King, W. D. 
Jones, P. D. Calder, F. Arabin, C. Dixon, 
R. B. Hunt, C. Cruttenden, P. Faddy, J. B. 
Harris, W. H. Slade, W. Wylde, C. £. Gor- 
don, J. Harper, W. £. Maling, P. W. Wal- 
ker, A. Maclachlan, T. Scott, C. Blachley, 
J. Longley, H. R. Moor, H. G. Jackson.' 

The following officers of the Royal Ma- 
rines to take the rank, by brevet, as under- 
mentioned :— 

To be Major-Genera].— Col. G. E. Vini- 
coml>e. 

To be Lieut.-Colonels. — ^Majors N. H. 
English, R. Bunce, and T. Adair. 

To be Majors.— -Captains R. Pany, R. 
White, J. Maughan, R. Owen, A. K. Col- 
ley, F. G. G. Lee, J, S. Smith, J. S. Pilcher, 
J. R, Hore, T. L. Lawrence, E. S. Mercer, 
R. S. Wilkinson, T. Mitchell, J. Moore, 
Joseph Williams (l), W. Walker, F. Wa- 
ters, W.Taylor, J. M*Callum, T. Lemon. 

The 9th regiment of light dragoons fo 
assume the title of the 9th (or Queen's 
royal} lancers. 

Admiralty Office, Jvhf 32. 

Admirals of the Red, Lord Gambler and 
Sir C. M. Pole, to be Admirals of the Fleet. 

Admirals of the White, J. Wickey, esq. ; 
J. Fuh, esq. ; Sir J. Knight, Sir E. Thorn- 
borough, S. Edwards, esq. j Sir J. Sau- 
maurez, bart.; T. Drury, esq., the Earl of 
Northesk, Vise. Exmouth, Sir LCoffin, bart, 
J. Aylmer, esq., to be Admirals of the Red. 

Admirals of the Blue, Sir J. Weils, Sir 
G. Martin, Sir W. S. Smith, T. Sotheby, 
esq., Sir H. Nicholls, Sir H. Sawyer, Sir 
D. Gould, Sir R. G. Keats, the Hon. Sir R 
^opfbrd, M. Robinson, esq.. Sir T. Foley, 
«ir C. Tjrler, Sir M. Dixon j and Vice-Ad- 
mirals of the Red, LG. Manley, esiq., E. 
Crawley, esq., to be Admirals of the White. 

Vice-Admirals of the Red, Sir T. Wil- 
liams, Sir W. Harzood, J. Perrier, esq.. Sir 
R. Moorsom, Sir C. Hamilton, bart., Hon. 
H. Curzon, Sir L. W. Halsted, Sir H. B. 
Neale, bart., Sir J. S. Yorke, Hon. Sir A. K. 
Legge, the Eiari of Gdltfway, Sir P^ Laforey, 



Ufl.. Sii p. C. Dnrhun, Sir 1. Pellnw. 
Sir B. If. Cu««, Lard A. BMuclctk, W. 
Ttjlor, M^.. S;r T, B. Mutini and Vice- 
Uminll of tha Whiw, J. La-Furd, «q., 
r SalhrrBfl, adj., to be Admi. of lhi> Blue. 
V>n-AdcD>n]* of lh« White, Sir W. J. 
ilow. Lord H. PauTei, C. W. P.WDon, 
aq., LKght Hod. Sir U. Cockfauro, J. Car- 

GBtrr,«*q.. K.Buti>D, eiq., SlrG.Moara, 
. H Sentt, ni)., J. Manwcll, aa.. Sir H. 
W. BajBtua, Sir R. K>D£, ban., E. G. 
(.Dlpufi, uq., E. J. Foot!, nq., Sir R. Lm, 
P. Halbett, Mq., P. Stapbcoi, eiq., hon. C. 
E. nemiDgjaadViDcAdninliof (he Klue, 
Sir W. Hotham, Sir P. Malcolm, Sir J. 
Gnr«, J. UarTC}, «q., Hbd. Sir II. HotluBi, 
le be Vict' Admiral) uf tlw Red. 

V!c*'Adnilnl> of the Blue, Sir J. RokUj, 
bart.. Sir E. Codriagton, G. Parker, etq., 
R. Pluipin, eaq., Uoa. Sir H. Blackvoud, 
bart., J. E. Douelu, e>q., Viae. Torriogloa, 
K. DoSDtltj, etq. Sir J. P. Bereiford, bart., 
T. EjlH, eaq. T. La-M. Coiielin, *iq., Sit 
C. Rowley, R. Bolle., etq., W. Locke. «q , 
Sir D. Milot, J. YciuiiE, eiq. j aod Rear- 
Malnit of the Red, Sir R. W. Ocoaj, R, 
Dicttt. caq., W. Windham, tiq., S. Peard, 
*«).. aoJ E. fellona, nq., to be Vice-Ad- 
■ci<.I...r the White. 

Rru-Aiminlf of the Red, W. T. Lake, 
etq.. Sir C. Ugle, bart., H. Raiicr, eiq., 
Su W. C Fahie, Sit G. E/r*, R. Lambert, 
nq , R. D. 01!w, tiq., M. Dab>na, eiq., 
T.Bop.«»q,. Sir J.Talbot.J.B.D.TDllo- 
Mclw.etq., J.GiBkrd, etq., J.Weit, esq , 5. 
ilhnu, etq., LordColtllte, J. CucheE, eiq., 
^ WiBtbrop, etq,, H. Digby, oiq. i and 
Adminb of the Wliiie, C. Ekini, etq., 
W. Page, eiq , Hno. P. Wodehouje. T. 
etq., to be Vlce-Admirala of the 

Rw^Admirali of the While. A. Smiih, 
n>|., Sit£. Beriy, Urt., Lord M. R. Kerr, 
T. Hanaj, etq., R. H. Moubraj, etq. H. R, 
Gljud, eiq,, J. Bligh, etq.. Sir E. Hmmil- 
toB, bv^, T. Baket, eiq., S. Sutloa. esq., 
Sii R. Laurie, bwt., W. H. Gage, eiq., J. 
Maiiland, w., J. Walker, eiq,. Hon. Sir C. 
Paget, R. Wonlet, rtq- ; and Heat-Adui. 
of die BiM, A. P. llolUa, tiq., Sir H. 
H«Ui«u, Sir E. W. Oi-ea, G. Scolt, etq^ 
T. DuBiiia, etq., G. Foake, eiq., K. H. 
PeirtoD, etq., to be Rear-Admi. oF tlie Red. 

Heir-Adnunli of the Blue, J. T. Kodd. 

etq., SirT. M. Hardy, ban., W. Combet- 

'■ '"hi Sit G. E. Hammond, bart., R. 



^^■po-Admii 
^»W.P.» 
■ 'MnuHkt, 



Hod 
Do.i>it 



, nq. 



V. V. 



, H. 



■■>R>at.,*>q.,H<Hi.T.B.CBj)el,T.M>Dby, 
... Lord J. O'Brjen, R. Matton, esq., J. 
Maekfllar, (iq., C. Adam, eiq. tu be Rear- 
Admlrali of the While. 

The andFr-maot^oOFdCautaios, to be Flag 
loara of bi> Maimj'j Fleet : 
K SlilN, eaq., W, Granger, e>a., J. C. 
tiMsnq., A. Drummand, eii|„ R. Hall, 
Ifc R. Lhi74,tM]., Sir T. LlfingtCon, ban,, 



Brace, etq., to be Rear-Admi rali of iba 
While.— Sir J. Bteolon. bart., F.W.Auiteo, 
eiq., P. Campbell, eiq., fi. Thumpioii, eiq., 
£. S. Dickion, eiq., T. J. MmWoz. esq., J. 
A. Ommanney, eaq., H. SluarC, eiq., Z. 
Mudge, c.q„ H. H;ll, Mq., A. W. SohoQ- 
berg, eiq„ E. D. Kiag, etq., H. Vaoiittart, 
eiq.. G. Maodj, esq., G. Saver, eiq.. Sir 
P. B. V. Broke, bart., F. L. Maitlaod, eu., 
F.Warren, etq., J.Carth.».e«i., J. Brough- 
tan, eiq.. Hon. G. H. L. Dundai, W. Parker, 
etq.. Sir R.T. RicketU, bart.. Sit C. Duh- 
wood, to be Rear-Admirali of tha B1u«. 

W. Skipiey, eiq., (he Hod. F. P. Irby, 
Sir C Cole, bart., and the Hon. D. P. Bou- 
verie. tobe Coloueli in the Royal Maiioea. 

Vice-Adm. Sir J. P. Bereifoid. to iiuiit 
biaflag in tha PrincB Regent, aaComniBudet- 
in-Chirf al Sheemeii and the North Sea. 
Capt. J. W. Deani Dundas to ba Captain ; 
Catit. Maikham to H. M. ihip Bcilan ( 
Conim. Olaiioock lo H. M. ihip Oreileii 
Capt. Tobln. C. B. to H. M, jatcht Prince 
Regent, Capt. Vincent, R. N. lo iha WiJ- 
liam aod Mai; yatcht. 

July 17. Mujor-Geo. John Macdonald 
to be Adjutant-gen., Col. G. Fiticlarence, 
Deputy Adj.- gen, 

Jubj 34. l-he Kine hat made tl.e fol- 
lovriog clian^t in bii Houiehuld from (hat 
of bii late Brother : 

Lord Chamberlain, Earl of Jetaejj Vies 
ChamlH^ilaiti, Earl uf Belfaiti Friiate Sec. 
lo Hit Majeily, Lt.-Gea. Sir Herbert Tay- 
lor. G.C.B.; Keeper of the Pri>y Pxne. 
Major-Gen. Whealley ; Matter of tho 
Robet, Adm. Sir Charlai Pols, Bt. G C.B.( 
aof theRobet (havic 



clarance, R.N.i 
Mar.hal,M.jot.Gen.51r A. Barnard, K.C.B., 
K. C. H. ; Equerriflt, Sir PhHip Sidney, 
K, C. H., Lb-Col. Fred. FitEolareDce, Lt.- 
Cl. Sir Aug. D'Elte, K. C. H., tlie Hon. 
J. K. Erskinei Lords of (he Bedchamber, 
Lord Jamei O'Bryen, and the Marq. of 
Haitin,^ (pir« Earl of H.rringtua and Viic, 
Imktj : Groomi of theBedchanibet, Henrr 
Hope, E«. and Sir Huitiy Vinan fina- 
Earl at Moaoteharlci and Gen. Sir Wm. 
Keppcl] I Emia Gmon, Hon. Sir R. 
Spencer, K. C. H. ; Phyiiclani in Ordinary, 
the PreiideoC of the College for (ha time 
being. Sir H. Halford, Sir O. Blaae, Sir M. 
Tiemey: Ealnoidioary, Di.. Matan, War- 
ren, Sir J. MaucreRor, Mac Michael, J. R. 
Hnmei lo-tbe Houiehnld, Dr. Fraoeia 
Haikiu; Librarian, Dr. Macmichael. 

July M. Tha Hon. A. E. P. Gmvei, to 
be Page of Honour to hii Mtjeity, I'ice J. 
H. HudtoD, Eiq. 

Tlli: QUEBN'I HOVSIBOLD. 

Lord Cbamberlaio. E«l Hooe ; Vice 

tharobertain, Hon. Fred. Catheaft j Mii- 

ti«i of the Robet, Duclie»do«. of Leedi; 

Udie. of the Betlchambct, Muiii.oCN wv 

fb,CiW«wiqtWiIW^W^'*'W?|i 



r« 



PromoHotu. — BirtJ^.—MarTiaga. 



[July, 



Maroti. of Ely, Coonteft Brownlow, Ltdj 
Ginton ; Principal BedchAmb. wonuia, Ladj 
Carolint Wood ; fiedch. women. Lady Wni. 
RiitMll, Lady Isabella Wemvu, Hon. A{rt. 
Berkeley Pa((et, Hon. Mrs. Hone, doir. Lady 
Bedlngfeld, Lady Gore, MIm Wilson, resi- 
dent ; Maids of Honour, Misses Olivia de 
Roos, Hope Johnstone, Boyle, Eden, F. 
Sneyd, Mitchell ; Gent. Ushers of Privy- 
ch. Capt. G. Pechell, R. N., Lt.-Col. Sir 
Geo. Hoste, Capt. Vincent, R. N. ; Dailv 
Waiters, Lt.-CoI. J. Wilson, Hon. G. 
Straogeirays, Capt. Stanhope, R. N. { Quar- 
terly Waiters, Capt. Henry Murray, Mr. 
Richard Cumberland, Major Wright ; Trea- 
surer, John Barton, Esq.; Attorney-gen. 
W.Horne, Esq.; Solic.-gen. John Williams, 
Esq. ; Master of the Horse, the Earl of £r- 
rol ; first Equerry, Col. Macdonell ; Equer- 
ries, Capt. Usher, R. N. Lt.-Col. If ox; 
Fsges of Honour, Hon. Cbas. Orimston, 
Mr. Munday ; Physicians in Ordinary, Sir 
U. Halford, Dr. C. M. Clarke ; Extraordi- 
nary, Drs. Southey, Turner, Locock ; Sur- 
geon, and to the Household, Rob. Kette, 
Esq.; Extraordinary, Mr. Arnold; Apothe- 
cary, Mr. Davis ; to the Household, Mr. 
Brande. 

Hie Marq. of Cholmondeley to be deputy 
Great Chamberlain of England ; vice Lord 
Gwydir (the coheiresses undertaking the 
duties of the office in alternate reigns). 

John Leslie Foster LLJD. to be onei of 
the Batons of the Exchequer of Ireland. 



The Duke of Sussex has been elected m 
Knieht of the Thistle. 

William King of Wnrtemburg has been 
elected a Knight of the Garter. 

ECCLBSIASTICAI. PrkPBRMENTS. 

Rev. P. Hunt, D. C. L. to be Dean of Pe- 
terborough. 

Rev. P. diss, D. C. L. Aven'ing R. co. 
Gloc. 

Rev. T.C. Boone, Kensvorth V. Herts. 

Rev. G. Gleed, Chalfont St. Peter's V. 
Bucks. 

Rev. T. B. Gwyn, St Ishmaers V. co. Carm. 

Rev. W. A. Keppel, Brampton R. Norfolk. 

Rev. J. Lever, Tullamore V. co. Meath. 

Rev J). Mac&rlane, Church of Renfirev.N.B. 

Rev. T. G. Peon, Edington and Cbtlton- 
super-PoIden CC. Somersetshire. 

Rev. E. J. Phipps, Stoke Lane C. Somerset. 

Rev. J.T. Poarell, Stretton Donsmore V. co» 
Warw. 

Rev. R. Wallace, St. Michaers ch. at Dum- 
fries. 

Rev. KO. Wingfield, TickencoteR. Rutland. 

Rev. J. Gunn, chaplain to the Duke of 
Sussex. 

Civil Prkpkrmbnts. 
Rev. W. B. Hall, to be Head Master of 

Rislev Grammar School, Derbyshire. . 
Rev. W. Hazel, to be Head lyiaster of the 

Grammar School at Portsmouth. 
Rev. F. Smith, Mathematical Professor in 

the E. I. College at Haileybur^. 



BIRTHS. 



Jtme 91. The lady of Sir F. Sykes, bart. 
a dau.— SO. At Brussels, Lady Blantyre, 
of twins. A few days aco, at Eaton So- 
con, Beds, the lady of John Wood, esq. 
M. P. a dau. 

JuUf 1 . At Beverley, the lady of Major 

James Bell, a son.— —The wife of Capt. 

Henniker, R.N. of Ashdown Park, a dau. 

■ 8 . In Brook- St, the Hon. Mrs. Stanley, 

of a dau.— *-4. The wife of Lee Steere, esq. 

of Hale House, Surrey, a son. 1 1 . At 

Durham, the wife of the Rev. James Raine, 
1^ ion. At Birdhurst, Croydon, the wife 



of Lt.-Col. Jas. Tod, a son.— —Mrs. H. 
Hely Hutchinson, a dau.— 1 S. The lady 
of Sir Wm. Heathcote, Bart, a son.— 1 6. 

Lady Emily Pusey, a son. 18. The Vise. 

Stormont, a dau . T he Vise. Mandeville, 
a dau.— —19. At Sutton, Surrey, the wife 

of William Morgan, esq. jun. a son. 20. 

At Marks HaU, Essex, the wife of W. P. 
Honywood, esq. M.P. a son. At Suttons, ' 
Essex, the lady of Sir C. Smith, Bart, a dau. 

At Boondea Park, Middlesex, Lady 

Hardinge, a son. 



MARRIAGES. 



June 17. At Richmond, the Rev. Charles 
Edw. Kennaway, second son of Sir John 
K. Bart, to Emma, fourth dau. of Hon. and 

Rev. Gerard T. Noel. 98. At Dieppe, 

Monsieur de Meri, Baron de la Canergue, 
to Isabella Lucy, dau. of late Rev. Walter 
Johnson. 

July 1. At Powerstock, Dorset, Edward 
Gilbert, Esq. of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, to 
Elizabeth Sophia, eldest dau. of Rev. W. 
Bewsher, D. D. At Bishops Tawton, 

the Siey, TbomMs HultoBj Rector of Gay- 



wood, Norfl to Anne, eldest dau. of Chas. 

Chichester, Esq. of Hall, Devon. At St. 

George's, Hanover-sq. Thomas Warre, Esq. 
to Anna, dau. of late Samuel Hibbert, Esq. 

At Boreham, Essex, Edw. Widdring- 

ton Riddell, Esq. 15th Hussars, second son 
of Ralph R. Esq. of Felton Park, North- 
umb. to Catherine, eldest dau. of Thomas 

Stapleton, Esq. of Richmond, Yorsksh. 

At Camberwell, the Rev. Stephen Doone, 
of Oswestry, to Mary Hannah, eldott dau. 
of John Horner, Esq. 




HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE THE FOURTH. 



Jam iG. At the rwtU or Wiliilxir, 
■D Ibc GHlb ytut of hit tfr, and the 
lllh bI bii (ciRn, neorfc ibc Fourth, 
King Ol Ureal BnUin »iid Irclnn.!, De- 
fanilcraf (he Faitlii Kingat llanuvrr, 
Dok* of Bruiuwick and Lunriibiirgh; 
SonreipD of the OrJer* of the Gorier, 
Balb, Thitilc, St. Patrick, ibe Hino- 
vtrian Guvlphie Oriler, aiii\ ihe lutiian 
Order of Si.MichaKl and Si. Ceurgt ; 
Knicbi of the Si. Ei|>rii in Frmcr, the 
Golden FImcc and Chulei III. iu Spaiii, 
Maria Tbercn in Audrii, Si. Anne, 
Alcaandcr Nettki, and Black EhkIc in 
KuHii. the While Eagle in Poland, 
C»*ta*U( Van in S«»lcn, William in 
Ibr Neiberlandt, Si. Hubert In Bavaria, 
PMlro in the Braiili : D.C.L. F.R.S. atitl 
S. A. &e. &c. 

C«iri:e.Ai)e'muB-FrEderi(:k, ihe elJ- 
«n child ut King Geurgr IbeTUitd, and 
RCbariMlt of Meekienburi^-StrBlilf , was 
^' m Duke of Cumwall and Ruthaiy, 
rl u( Carrick, Baron of Renfreiv, I^iTd 
kflbelilra, and Hi|;h Steward of Scut- 
Hi* binU louk place at St. 
nVjutlict^, on llie forly-eightb 
uiivenary ot ibe areeoion of the 
oMe ot Biuiisaitk to the English 
tbroDf, Aug. 13, I'fiS) in (he preience 
e Arcbbiiho|i of Canterburj, Ibe 
cllictn of lUte, and a large 
une of lurda and Uiliea. The 



. t»" 



telli- 



■ dbW bank-hill. Just after the 
aflul e*em wu nuiiounped, a long pro- 

1 paiMd unJvr Ihe pilace win- 
loiK, conveying a large iiuanliiy of 
WlUon capturMi in the Spaniih frigate 



I«d the 



Thit 

I laffiM aa propiioui, and eic 

% itlisbl oTlhe populace to enthi 

On Ibe iTib uf Ibc lame month the 
Bf (w beir^^parrnt *ai created hy pi- 
l^tent Prinee of Walei and Earl of Chei- 
Hii biptitm look place ii< tbe 
I%0anti1 chamber at St. Jatnct on tbe Bth 
■afS*ptciDber following, when Ihe ipou- 
I^on Kcre, hii greai-uncle William- 
I AoKiMlui Duke lit Cumberland, hia 
tiHicIc AOulphui - Frederick Prince of 
Kllecklcnburg< Sirrliii (whoie yioxj 
l'«u WiUiamDukeofDevonibire, Lord 
I Ckaaibertilii), and hia graudinalber 
(A«C""* PriHceaa <]o*ager ofWnlri. 
" On (he J6tb of Dcetnbcr, }J6S, llie 



ler, together wiib ibe Duke of Bruna- 
»ick, who, ill Ibe preceding year, had 
married hit aunt the Princeu Augusta. 
Hia Royal HighnesVa inalallation did 
not lake place until the 25th ot June, 
1771, when he was joined in thai cere- 
mony hy hit brother the late Duke of 
York, hia uncles, tbe Dukes of Cumber- 
land, Mecklenburg, and Bruoaoick, the 
Dakei of Marlborough and Grafton, 
and the Eails of Albemarle and Cower. 
At tbe early age uf three ycari Ihe 
Prince of Walea received, and, having 
been inslructed by hii father, replied in 
a lew words to an addreii preientcd by 
tbe Society of Ancient Britona | and in 
1769 a drawing-room waa held in hit 
name and that ol tbe Prineets Royal. 
In the general course of tbe royal eco- 
nomy, the young Princea were kept in 
tbe greateat privacy at Kew. In that 
circle Hfls the Prioee'a childbood paaaed 
under Ibe care of Lady Charlotte Finch, 
superintended by the Queen heraelf, 
until, in 1 7 7 1 , a separate eslablithment 
wai furmrd for the education of Ibe 
Prince ot Walci and bis neat brother 
Ibe Biihop ot Oanahurgb. Robert Earl 
ot Kolderueit wai appointed ibeir Go- 
vernor, Mr. Leonard Smelt their Sub- 
governor; Dr. MArkham (at tbe lame 
period wade Bishop of Cheater), and 
tbe celebrated Dr. Cyril jickiun, both 
ofOaTord, undertook tbe task of tuillon. 
Tbele parliei conlioued in office unlil 
1776, when there wai a total change. 
Lord Bruce (the lale Earl ot Ailesbury} 
was fur one week the Gavernar) but oil 
tbe Sib of June it waa announced that 
"the King has bren pleaaed to appoint 
bis Grace George Duke of Montagu to 
he Governor i Richard Ldrd Biibop ol 
LicbBeld and Coventry, Precepiorj 
Lieul.-Col. George Hotbam, Sub -Go- 
vernor i and tbe Rev. William Amald, 
BD. Sub- Preceptor, to their Royal 
Highnesses George- Augustus -Frederick 
Prince of Wales, and Prinee Frederick 
Diahop ot OiiiAburg." Bishop Hurd and 
Mr. Arnald were both Cambrldse men. 
Previously Iu this ehnnge Carllon-buuse 
had been repaired and fitted up for Ihe 
young Piincea ; a stated sum, by way of 
privy-purae, waa given to each, ami ik 

weekly accaunt of eipcttdnute nVwat:!. 



76 



Obituary. — His Majesty King George the Fourth, [July, 



At the end of 1781 the Prince lott the 
companionship of biB brother, the late 
Duke of York, who was then sent 
abroad in order to complete his militarr 
education. The close attachment which 
bad grown in childhood, continued, how- 
ever, unabated during every period of 
their joint lives. 

The tjstem which the King had 
adopted for the education of his son 
Wat highljr beneficial while it was in 
operation, and so far as sound scholar- 
•hip was concerned. Confining the 
Prince to bit studies with almost mo- 
nastic seclusion and severity, it caused 
his ready mind to accumulate an un- 
usual store of valuable knowledge. But 
no sooner did its operation cease, than 
it was found to produce effects which its 
royal author, and his noble and reverend 
agents, were the first to discern and de- 
plore. It had too long shut out the 
world from the view of the Prince, and, 
6y not graduating his advance towards 
the public scenes of life, rendered those 
scenes, when at last he was at liberty 
to survey them as be pleased, too novel 
and encbanting, too luxuriant and over- 
powering. His tutors and governors 
had scarcely loosened the rein, before 
they were required altogether to drop 
il; numbers of a perfectly opposite cha- 
racter were In waiting to celebrate his 
freedom, and administer to his gratifica- 
tion and delight. Among them were 
certain individuali, celebrated for the 
splendour of their talents and vices, and 
in their earliest intercourse with the 
prince, much more ready to corrupt his 
morals by the one, than to enlarge and 
elevate his mind by the other. 

Here we must look for the origin of 
those painful misunderstandings which 
took place between the Sovereign and 
the Heir Apparent. The early friends o^ 
the Prince were in avowed opposition to 
his M;0^*^y'* Government, and soon in- 
fused their hatred of Ministers and their 
jealousy of the King into the unsuspect- 
ing mind and susceptible heart of their 
i\ltisUiou% proteg^. On political grounds 
alone the King had reason to be in- 
censed at their influence over his son ; 
but when to this was added the moral 
injury they were inflicting on one whom 
the pious father wished above all things 
to train for Gud and bis country, it 
cannot surprise, that, wounded by their 
arts in bis royal, his paternal, and chris- 
tian feelings, he should have set his face 
MM a flint against the men, and treated 
with rigour the son who had made them 
bis companions and friends. 
' On the Prince attaining his majority, 
in 1783, he was appointed a Colonel in 
<^ army, the highest military rank bis 



father ever allowed him to hold. The 
ceremonial of bis intruduction into the 
House of Lords by bis uncle the Duke 
of Cumberland, and the Dukes of Rich- 
mond and Portland, will be seen in our 
vol, Liii. p. 976. At the same time a 
message from the King desired the 
Commons to provide for his Royal High- 
ness a suitable income, and a sum sufB- 
cient for the formation of an establish- 
ment appropriate to his station. For 
the latter purpose G0,000/. wu granted ; 
and for the former the annual sum of 
&0,000/., being only one-half of what 
bad been allowed to bis grandfather 
when money was of greater value. The 
narrowness of this provision was con- 
demned by one party as likely to lead 
to great inconvenience ; and applauded 
by another as showing a proper regard 
to the already intolerable burdens of the 
people. One portion of the Coalition 
ministry who were then in power, 
warmly argued for an allowance of 
100,000/. a year. The Prince himself 
interposed, and insisted that the settle- 
ment should be left solely to the discre- 
tion of the Sovereign. The Prince's ex- 
penditure, however, exceeded 64,000/. ; 
and the debts incurred by the altera- 
tions of Carlton House, and other ar- 
rangements, made his total annual out- 
lay in money and credit fully amount to 
100,000/. 

His difficulties increased so fast, that 
three years after his settlement he ap- 
plied to the King for assistance. A 
schedule of the Prince's debts was, by 
the King's command, laid before him j 
but, whatever might be the nature of 
the document, some of the items were so 
inconsistent with the strict moral prin- 
ciples of George the Third, that the ne- 
gotiation ended in a positive refusal of 
relief. 

A determination was then taken by 
the Prince to live on 10>000/. a year, 
and dedicate 40,000/. annually to the 
liquidation of bis debts until all were 
discharged, in this resolution, which 
some loudly applauded and others more 
strongly condemned, his Royal High- 
ness strictly persevered for nine months. 
But in the session of 1787 the King and 
his ministers were induced to give way 
to the presumed wishes of Parliament } 
and by the consequent negotiations, a 
promise was given to pay the debts, to 
make allowance for the works at Carl- 
ton House, and to add 10,000/. a year to 
the Prince's income; whilst on the other 
side there was a formal engagement to 
abstain from future involvements. 

We now arrive at the memorable dis- 
cussions which arose on the question of 
a regency. The king, whose first^at- 



Obitvaiit. — His Majesty King Geargethe Awrfh. 



i:b9 * 



nof 



aittdy. It fouTid tlie Guvc 
tprDTlded Mlih ■ remeily. The Ftiend* 
I! tbc Ptioce intin^d on hi» iiiherent 
kiritet rigbt id aiiume ih« rfitic or 
rcc»llBd frum a 
u ibuniJer f»nb 
ekMjutnl Indrgnaliiin agaiiiit ilie 
I of the Ui-ir niiparenC. Stieri- 
1 Biirke united their immunal 
Mien ot onlory in tbc same cHuie. 
' I, ae^mt thia phaUnx of luleni, Pitt 
MVictoriinia i he (uc»edeil \n [lasslng 
at ibe placing tbe exceii- 

WIcroF di(crctioi>i not orrigbii ihnt 

I rM(ri«tion* j "Hd, aboTE all, that 
e perton ani) firuperty of the Kins 
anld be eonfiilcd to tbe KunrdUnthip 
f anolbef — namely, the Queen. The 
^nce uoepled ibe reicency on the 
« dinated b^ the Hoaie oF Cum- 
( but Ibe ditcudiont m the Huuta 
|f Lonli were nni enncluded bcfure tbesc 

-- p " .pi'y f''""- 

%>ti by i:ie King", recurrry. 
Iln ITS!, when ihe principles oF iln 



evolution bad a 



*<4ry. 1 



ucU I. 



lim adopted by (he mlniitry 

i proelamalion for tbe tupfretfian 
"ilimi publiratiunt and incendiary 
which tbe two Huu«ei nf Pir- 
Drera to luppurt by adJresie*. 
I tbif aniinut period, wben oioal men 
wed il ineambent upon (hem to (alee 
nnd even tbe indifferent were 
Inutaled to eieri (faemselve« in de- 
M oF |:oiid order, the Prince, wbn bud 
sucb in proBpeel la loie, wae induced 
e tbe first time m vote in favour of 
reaver fur ibe Grit 

,_ _ I eentimenti in tbe 

MwoF Lordg. Tbe lubitanre of ihii 

rbli laaiden ipeerh will be found in our 

[' •ol.Laiil. p. I I6I). United with decidi-d 

■ .'jMerliona that be fonld lupport tbe in- 

ftitj ot tbc conMitutian, be declitreil 

" 1 nisi by tbe luve, tbe friendtfaip, 

i iba benevolence of tbe peoplt 



■till n. 



trforialteatlungi 



Thi* •peecb tended 



time tbe Piince of Wales't 

rbef Itemed bim to nixke another apph- 

utiou tu hi> la' her (or Miiitnnce. The 

rKloft *lia enteriaincil the bu|>e that 

» Mi|bt u»^ to itoaily aMtl K- 



furiD tbe liabiia of his Rayll Hlgbnesi, 
replied that It wu with that plea alune 
lliat the coutilry Could iie brought lu 
Hilen t» thii repealed demand. After 
conaiderable heiitalion the Prince wu 
induced to coDient; and the Kinj* le- 
Ifclrd for (be brid^ hii niece the Prin- 

Tbe marriage ceremany took plxee in 
Ibe Chapel Ruyal, St. Jamei'i, on the 
{tib of April, 1795) when all tbe royal 
(aniily, except tbe Duke of Vork, then 
in Flandert, were present, and the 
Uuke of Clnrencc tare away the bride. 

On Ibi* octMion the revenue ofthe 
Prince was raised la 135,000/. bpsideg 
the receiplB of the Durhy uf Cnrnwall, 
se.OO0JL For jewels and plate, and S6,(}onr. 
tor the furniture of Carlton Houie. 

Oil the Tth January, 17^6, tbe Prin- 
eesi of Wales gave birth (o a daughter, 
Iho laic Pniicets Chailutle. The renal 
parenii bad early evinced n mutual dit- 
latie, and three nomh* afier this oe- 
curieiice a final ECparatiun (ot.k place, 
and the I'rinceBS Formed a distinct esta- 
blisbment on Blackbeath. 

Oil ihe IHih of July, \^3C., I he Prince 
n»> appointed Colonel of tbe lOlh ligbt 
dra^ona, afterwards made a regiment 
of hussars. 

In lEOI Mr. Manners Suttnn, (the 
present Lord Manners,) (ben Soliclior- 
peiieral to (he Prince .if Wares, moverl 

propriation uf the arreara oF the Duchy 
oF Cornwall, tbe revenues oF which, al- 
though of tight belonging to the heir 
apparent from the period nf bis birtb, 
bnd been interccpicd by the Crown, 
until ibchat arrangement ofthe Prinre't 
income ai bis marriage. (See Mr. Man- 
ners Sutton's stntement in uor vol. 
LSXit. p. ■2(i'o, and n tuhsequent debate, 
ibid. p. bCG.) Tbe motion rcc<^ived con- 
siderable support, hue WBi lott by a mi- 
nority of 103 to IGO. 

In the following February, however, 
the Ptince'a atfslrs were a^ain brought 
beFore Parliament : when Mr. Pitt itaicil, 
that ihe amount of hi; Hoyal Higbncts't 
debts paid olf since ];g& to that time 
was &G:t,lg6<(., and that (be residue was 
g35,7G4/., which, under the continu- 
anre of (he present plan, would be dit- 
charced In July, I SOS. He further re- 
marked, that " bis Higbncts bad pasted 
a liFib part of his life in embscrais- 
ment and obscurity." The minister 
then proposed tbatan annuity oF CO.OtWf. 
in addition to hi* income, iboutd be 
granted to (lie Prince, for three years 
and a half, out uf the eontoliJslcd fund. 
On this his Royal Iligbne«) relii.quisbrd 

bi* Cornwall cImiBi Mt. CiVetUWt n- 



80 



OBiT0ARY.^£ftt MajHtyK'ing George the Fourth. [July, 



mirkinj^y that ^hit inducement! were 
the ghrixms uncertaHaniy of the laWt (wat 
tbit the first employment off that now 
proTerbial expreaaiou ?) and a wish not 
to add to the burdens of the people." 

In July of the same year (1803), the 
Prince of Wales addressed a letter to bis 
Mijesty, requesting, in contemplation 
of the threatened invasion, a military 
command suitable to his rank. This 
the Kinif was pleased to refuse ; at the 
time time reminding his son, that, 
'* should the implacable enemy so far 
tueceed as to land, you will have an op- 

Eortunity of showing your leal at the 
ead of your regiment." The royal cor- 
respondence on this occasion the Prince 
(who is said to have been assisted in the 
composition of his letters by Mr. She- 
ridan and Dr. Parr,) thought proper to 
publish, and it will be found in our vol. 
LXXiii. pp. 1 17S, 1244. His Royal High- 
ness bad previously in 1796, when the 
Duke of York was commanding in the 
Netherlands, been refused permission to 
join the Duke, in company with his 
friend Lord Moira. 

On tbe 2d of May, 1810, the Uni- 
versity of Oxford conferred oji tbe Prince 
of Wales, by diploma, tbe degree of 
D.CL. This compliment was probably 
suggested by a present which his Royal 
Highness had recently made the Uni- 
versity, of four rolls of papyri from Por- 
tici. (see our vol. lxxx. i. S30, 439.) 

The final illness of King George tbe 
Third began early in October, 1810; 
and was first announced to Parlia- 
ment on tbe 29tb of November. A fort- 
night's adjournment in both houses was 
in tbe first instance carried. A com- 
mittee was then chosen to examine his 
Majesty's physicians ; and, after a keen 
discussion, tbe Regency Bill at length 
became a law on the 5th of February. 
On this the Prince of Wales immediately 
assumed the reins of government, under 
certain restrictions which terminated on 
the 1st of February, 1812. 

Af the opposition to the restrictions 
was conducted in concert with the Prince, 
some surprise was nianifeBted on his 
continuance in office of the Perceval Ad- 
ministration. In a letter which was 
published at the time, his Royal High- 
ness apprized Mr. Perceval, « that tbe 
irresistible impulse of filial duty and af- 
fection to his beloved and afflicted father, 
leads bim to dread that any act of the 
Regent might, in the smallest degree, 
have the effect of interfering with ttie 
progress of his Sovereign'^ recovery, and 
that ibis consideration alone dictates tbe 
decision now communicated to Mr. Per- 
ceval.*' Still, when the restrictions ex- 
pired, and the Prince became vested with 



the full powers of Soverei^ty, he did 
not withdraw his confidence from the 
Perceval Administration. 

The assassination of Mr. Perceval, 
May 1 1, 1812, led Mr. Stuart Wortley to 
move an address, praying bis Royal High- 
ness to take such measures as might be 
best calculated to form an efficient Ad- 
ministration. Tbe address was carried 
against Ministers, and tbe answer re- 
turned was, that bis Royal Highness 
would take tbe address into serious and 
immediate consideration. Expectations 
of a new Ministry were generally enter- 
tained, and the Prince successively gave 
directions to the Marquis Wellesley and 
Lord Moira, to negotiate with Lords 
Grey and Grenville. No such arrange- 
ment being found feasible, on the 8th 
of June the Earl of Liverpool stated in 
the House of Lords, that tbe Prince Re- 
gent had on that day appointed him 
First Lord of tbe Treasury ; and the Li- 
verpool Administration was immediately 
formed. On the 30th of November, the 
Prince Regent, now unfettered by re- 
strictions, made his first speech from the 
throne. 

Tbe reign of George the Fourtb.dating 
its commencement (as may fairly be 
done) from this period, is full of glorious 
events; but we have not space to enter 
here into the history of the country. 
The policy of Great Britain had, with 
perseverance beyond example, consist- 
ently opposed itself first to tbe revolu- 
tionary principles of France, and after- 
wards single- banded to its great autocrat 
and tbe tyrant of Europe, Napoleon 
Buonaparte; King George the Third 
was not, however, permitted to wituess 
tbe triumph of his policy. The suc- 
cessful campaigns of Wellington took 
place in the earlier years of the Regency. 
On the downfall of the Emperor of tbe 
French in 1814, the two victorious so- 
vereigns, tbe Emperor of Russia and 
the King of Prussia, became the guests 
of the Prince Regent of Great Britain. 
The final overthrow of Napoleon was, in 
the following year, the work of British 
arms. On the 24th of July, 1815, as a 
mark of his high approbation of the dis- 
tinguished bravery and good conduct of 
the 1st and 2d life-guards at the battle 
of Waterloo, the Prince was pleased to 
declare himself Colonelin-chief of both 
those regiments. 

At the funeral of his royal mother 
Queen Charlotte, Dec. 2d, 1819, the 
Prince Regent officiated asci^ief mourner. 

On the shortly ensuing death of George 
the Third, Jan. 29, 1820, his Royal 
Highness changed his vicarious title of 
Sovereignty fur that of Kins; his coro- 
nation followed July 19* 1821. On the 



I ]630.] Memoir of Hit Mqjeils King G(orge the Fourth. 



t itj of ihe ume monlh he left Lon- 


*< holf.pm .even o'clonk.ind iheKInc 


m <» • Yi.it to Inland. He -a> (li> 


■tihough not t Urge eirer, |>H>i*kei «t 


•1 uven-ii^a of (he haui« of Bruninick 


•Imnst every di.h. Ton or ibne eluKt 


M had •« fual on lliit ruuiiirj' ; and 


of iherry M dinner, iiid ■ feiv gUitt, of 


wu iweind wilb Ihe ulmott *iiibu< 


clarel afier dinner, arc (he eiieiit la 


ma. H"in|r wtoroed la Londi.n on 


wbirrh be goes, ai far ai HJne it cuD- 




eerned. On Ibese occuloni bit M»je.ly 


•rtrd fof HiuDver, whence be relumed 


never .peaks a .ord on poliiie.l .ubieetf. 



The s'^*'" P*" o' ^" 
>u .pent in a *itil to Sculland. 
K The litter j^eari of George the Fourib 
■ been puMd in greater reiirement 
% i« acceptable lo a luyal people. 
i. wcludrd collate in Windtor Park 
• been bit faYuuriie reiidencc ; and, 
ilbHi^ vatt aumi have been ipent 



. and Sbeii 






n of a 



I Ian pa- 
Ted into 
:d of the 



, be bad only partially 
M wwapltion of the forme 
■tier be ba>l never taken poi.r.tion. 
:am m^i Iii* Parliament in periun, 
rvly belli courli, and did not al- 
rayt accomplith an annual vliit lo the 
iMirei. Almoit the only )'Uce where 
lawM publicly leen was at the race, on 
' I Hfath, wblcb he generally Bi- 
rd every day uf their duration. HI. 

I anflini; on ibv fine Uke named 
mntinia Water, (nearly 1000 acrea in 
nient) ■rilhin the preclncU of Wind.or 
hrk, and where he had erected a variety 
il building!. Pur hi. rid«s 
Dade u.e ufa pony phaeton, 
■ whi^h bt biniteir drove ; and an ex- 
wot likeneii hat been publlihetl, te- 
VaiciCDling him in thi. cbaraeier. On 
lUtUitbirtb-d.y he laid ibe (iriititone 
Ifcr the ba.ement of an eqiirilrian alatue 
■to hi. faiber at Ihe (op of Ihe Long 
tWalk inWindtor Park) and wai iben 
f remarked lo be lu excel lent health and 

The rollowing account of the di.po.al 
_tt hi* lioM II one of hi. iait villi* to 

SI* formerly much-loved Pavilion at 
ri^lon, wu publiihed in February, 
llBST: "Every thing goe> on in the 
■ Kinf'* residence nith the regularity of 
I dock-woik. Hit Majeiiy due. nut rite 
a very euly hour, but be bat marked 
I mil for bimtelf a cource of enjuy- 
llBeiil, In I 



treqneinly mentioned in term, of prai.t, 
at boldiiig a high ttation amung.t tha 
fireal dramatic writer*. At nin« tha 
King retires lo hi. dr«*ing-room, aild 
on his return aeverat card-table, are in 
readme.., and hi. M^jetty ma«t fami- 
liarly inviiei bit gue.ti to the tiblr*. 
To Ihoac wbom be witbea lo tit at bil 
own table, he .ay. — 'Come, a game al 
whi.i — Marchioneti, da you .it there — 
my Lord, you there— Barnard, there — 
come, now begin.' Ac a distance, toft 
muiic it heard while ibe game proceedi. 
The King 1* an eiEcllem whiit player | 
and while be deals out the cardi, often 
heat, lime to ihe band, and give, in- 
for the performance of hii 



I favour 



uf n 



He 



play excecdt ibilling polnli, 
and teldom play, more than three rub- 
ber* ; at the concluaion be will pay, or 
must be paid, mott icrupuluuily. He 
then takes leave of bla gueita, and re- 
tire* to real. The only Variety In tb« 
neit day'* amuiemenit i. lu Ibe campuiv 
and tbe dithe.." 

Vie»ing big late Majctly's reign in a 
public view — when we conoder the tplen- 
did achievement* which raited Britain 
to a height of glory and power abroad 
which the bad never before attained — 
hi. munificent patronage of the art*, 
.cientei, and literature — hi* generou. 
prooiution of all plant of benevolence 
and pliilanlbropy—bit exientive relief ot 
individual disltei* — bit furtherance of 
project* far the improvement and em- 
bellithmenl of tbe capital — we are jutti- 
fied inatierting.thil Ihe reign ol George 
the Fourth will form one of iboie bright 
Kra> in the aniial* of the eounlry, on 
which Ihe fulure hi*torian will dwell 
'lib pride, deligbi, and enihut 



The I 



e lali 



tbal which In bit heyday u»ed to engros* 


illneti and death were bricBy given in 


Utthotigbt*. Immediately after hreak- 


our last number. Beiidei Sir Henry Hal- 


f, far (iiioce* in whateoer public bu- 


ford aiid Sir Matthew Tiemey.i here were 


■Ine** it nay plra*e Uim to interfere. 


pretent at the doting *eene, the Bobop 


and Ibit he ea<cule*witb wonderful di<- 


ol Chiobesler. the Maiqui* of Ornyng- 


baich. He will thru, perhaps, have 
Weaton hi* tailur near hU Royal per- 


ham. Lord Straiiiavon, Sir A. Barnard, 


Sir W. Keppel, Sir W. Knighton, Sir 


Wti, In delibeniion upon tome changei 


Watlien Waller, and Cut. Thornluu. 


in the Royal wardrohe. Hi. Majeity 


Hi. Majciiy'* lait word, were, ' Tbii i* 



GtxT.Mao, JuJy, 1830. 



M Rmitidaf Hi$ Majuty King Geoff^ iht Rtutih. IhAf, 

Bltteonntk Ptatauiinuil of AniM, WUliim Woodi, Emj. 
Eldest sons of Earls -.^Visooant HolntsdtOe, Lord Eliot, VbooiiDt Grimston, Lord Tul- 
lamore, Viseoant Bernard, Lord Killaen, Viscoont logestrte, Viseoattt Kirkwall, Lord 
Dtnglasa, Viseoant VUUen, Vkooont Deerhnrst, Viseonnt Morpeth, Lord firiMknellt 

and Lord Boighersh, G.C.H. 
Anndtl Herald of Anns Ealraordtna^, Walter Aston Blount, ^. 
[Tlw Viseottnu ptesent waUied in other places.] 
Eldiflt S«M of Marquesses : the Earls of Uahridge and fielfist. 
York Herald, Charles Qeorge Young, Esq. 
Earb: of UudleY and of Wilton. 
[The remaining Earls who attended attended walked i» other plaeM ] 
Windsor Herald, Francis Martin, Esq. 
rrhe Eldeat Sons of Dukes walked as Aasistants to the Dukes who snroorted the Fdl.] 
Marqneeses:— ofClaoricarde, Hastmgs, Exeter, K.G., Hertford, K.G., and Salishorjr. 
[The remaining Marquesses praseot walked in other pkoes.] 
Somerset Herald, James CathrowwDianey, Esq. 
[The Dukes present walked in other plaees.] 
Richmond HeraU, Josq>h Hawker, Esq. 
The Earl Marshal of England, The Deputy Lord Great Chimherlain, 

the Duke of Norfolk. the Marqtiess of ChoUnondelej. 

The Lord Privy Seal, The Lord President of the Cooooil* 

the Earl of Rosslyn, G.CB. the Earl Bathorst, K.G. 

Chester Herald, Geoige Martin Leake, Esq. 
The Archbishops of Armagh and York. 
The Lord High Chancellor, 
Lord Lyndhurst, in his full robes of offiee, bearing the purse. 
The Archbishop of Canteihnry. 
Normy King of Arms, Edmund Lodge, Esq. 
Lords of hii kle Mdesty's Bedchamber :— the Earl Howe, G.C.H. { the Earl Asiherst; 
the Earl of Chesterfield ; Lord Strathavon ; Lord St. Helens, G.C.H. ; 
Visoount Lake^ and Lord Glenlyoo, K.C.H. 
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, Qplaio of the Band of Gentlemen PsftSiOnen, 

the Earl of Macclesfield. the Viscount Hereford. 

Master of the Horse to his k«e Majesty, the Duke of Leeds, K.G. 

Thi Bahnir or Brunswick, borne by Tat Barkbr op Hanovir, borne bj 

Lord Howden, G.CB. the Etrl of Denbigh. 

Thi Bamhbr op Irblard, borne by Trr BAinrtR op Scotland, borne by the 

the Earl of T^rconnell. Earl Cathcart, K.T. 

Tot Baiimsr of St. Giorub, borne Tub Union Bannbr, borne by the 
by Lord Clinton. Earl of Verulam. 

Thb Royal Standard, 
borne by the Eari of Errol, 6.C.H. 

Supporter, T«b Royal Crown op Hanoybr, Simporter, - 

William Martins, Esq. borne on a purple velvet cushion. Captain Meynell, R. N. 
Gentleman Usher Quar- by Sir Lewis MoeUer, K.C.H.act> Gentleman Usher Quar- 
terly Waiter to his Ma- ing for Blanc Coursier King of terly Waiter to his Ma- 
jesty. Arms of Hanover. j**^* 

Supporter, Thb Impbrial Crown op thb Supporter, 

S. Randall, Esq. Gentle- Unitbd Kingdom, borne on a the Hon. Honeace Legge, 
man Usher Quarterly purple velvet cushion, by Ralph Gentleman Usher Qtiar- 
WaitertohisMijesty. Bigland, Esq. Clarenceas Kiqgof terly Waiter to lua Ma- 
Arms. JM(y* 
The Master of his late The Lord Steward of his Ute Ma- Keeper of his late Ma- 
Mijeety's household. Sir jesty's Household, the Marquesa Jestnr's Privy Purse, Iftr 
Frederick BeUby Wat- Couyngham^ K.P., G.CH. at- William Knighton, Bart, 
son, K.C.H. tended bv Thos. Marrable, Esq. se- G.CH. 

ereteiy or the Board of Ghven Cloth. 

Gentleman Usher of the The Lord Chamberlafai Gentleman Usher of the 

Privy-chamber to his of his Malestjr's Hoasehold, Privy -chamber to his 

Mfejeftty, Horace Sey- tbi«Mrlof Jeraey. Majesty, Captain Hat* 

spour, Esq. . tOB> R. N. 



UMl 



Piwwroi tfHit Majtthf Ktaf Ororfl tht Fmrlh. 




tix.O.C.B. Doum. 

■"- "■-■-'■M.K.C.B. C.nn.iOi.n. 

nmOcaHanuUihnDiilj Gartii Pdacimr King of 
Wkiter M h*>i ftw Mm- Atmi, Sir Gcot,;^ Nijler, 
\nt], Tliai.fUin>dea,E.q. K.H. bcwing Lli Swjitri 



Thi C>p 



I Swon 



ring ihi 



BUck Tto4. 

r[HlliU,KuC 
toil ntrnwj. 



baroe bj the Dulu uf Wdlingluo, K.G. u- 
ItaitA bj Cut. M*9Ler, Gcoilcinan L'.liu 
nt>. arilie Pciij-chamlicr to biiMuntt. 

THE CHIEF MOURNER. 
E KINO'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY, in ■ lung purple do.V. -iili the Stw 
a ibe Ontor uf iba Guwi einbct'idcro! tbrrfoo. wuring iFie Collun of the Girtir, titf 
laTbiiik, St. Purick, udofllie Rujul RunuvcrUo Guelpliic Order, itieoiled 
toviL HiCHHUt FniNCt Georoi or Cuusihlihd, in ■ lung bleck clu.k, ititli 
M Sui of tht Rd]>I Hanoierien Guelpbic Order cmbruideled Cliereun, nod ■Mfing tb« 
elkf of tli« Hid Order. The Supportrre U> (he Cbiaf Mourner wen ihe Di>Ie of 
Itsufoit. K.G. ud til* Duke of Canton, G.C B. Hb Tnia Beue», the Dukr of 
aim Albta'i, uid Miiqiiii of Lathiu i andhij Aiiiitaou. iliteen Pceri, liz. the Earl 



r XatI U-dor, Viicoaal Palmcntoo, Viuuunt Doneraile, Vii 
r Craoiillt, U.C.B. ViHwunl Godtricb, Lord Stafford, and Li-rd Grulbai 
Gold Stick, Lord ViieouDi Con.bem.tre, G C.B. 

liBoYilHlOHNI " _ - - 



> bv Major 
C R (lid I 



, with the Sur o( UHLINO, in a lug 

lrd«c of ilia Garlar embroidered Star of the Ordt 

1, ukI oeailDg iha Coltan of the dered thereoa, an 

, Iha Thltlle, and the Ro>al H.- the Garter, the I 

in Oiielphic Order; hit traiD barn* Rnral Haooirerii 

'. l}VMr-A<lm.SlrThoi.Willi.t>.i,K.C.B. 

' odHaa/tFied. StephenwD. E>q, 

RotlL HlaRHElITHlPllHCt LcorOLD Hll RqIAL HlQHt 

r Saxi CoBURc, in a long blick cloak, 
J »llh Ih* Star of the Order of liie G.fler 

Md*r«d thereoa, and weariDg the 

ta nfihe Garter, th* Siili, and the 

I Hanoieoan Gualphic Order i hii 

, home b* U.-Col. Sir R. G.rJlcer, 

' KjCB. K.C.R. and Li -Lol. Hiin. B. Co.t. 
It Jtmal Guard ufKooanr, eooipOHd of one bur 

~ " . and 3d Guardi, coinnianded bj tl 

Qenilem " " 



CUM- 
black dnak, wiib tba 
af the Garter enlHvt- 
■eariDc theCollanoT 
U, Sl.Patritk,aiidthe 
Guelphic Order! hit 
a. Sir ColoohtHm 
t-Col. F.Pulen. 
DuxK or Olov 
"■th tlx 



gbta, 



Star of the Order of (he G.n 

dered thereon, and wArlog t 

of the Garter, the Bath, and 

llaoorrrian Guelphic O^der: 

UiraebTCnluDtlHigeiBi 

liam F. Foriter, 
red and fort; rank and file, with OlEceri 
rtiooi, from the Kiog'i Compaq, th* 
Captain of the Kiog'i Company, 



id Major 



Yeomen of (he Ouird, vitb iheir partiiai 



M 



Funeral of Hu Majeity King George the Fntrtk. [July, 



Upon tli« ftiriviil of the Procestion at the 
•outh door of St. George's Chapel, liis late 
Majesty's Band of Music, the trumpets and 
drums, and the Knight Marshal's Men and 
Officers, 6!ed off witiiout the dour. 

At the entrance of the Cha|>el, the Royal 
Body was received by the Dean and Pre- 
bendariesy attended hy the C hoirs of Windsor 
and of the Chape! Rnyal, (who fell in im- 
mediately before Norroy King of Arms), 
and the Procession moved down the south 
aisle and up the nave, into the choir, where 
the Royal Body was placed on a platform 
under a canopy of purple velvet (having 
Uiereoo esc<icheoni of the Royal Arms, and 
surmounted by an Imperial Crown,) and the 
Crowns and cushions were laid upon the 
coffin. 

His Majesty, the Chief Mourner, sat on 
a chair of state, at the head of the corpse, 
and the Supporters btood on each side. 
Tlieir Royal Highnesses the Dukes of Cum- 
berland, Sussex, Prince George of Cumber- 
land, the Duke of Gloucester, and Prince 
Leopold of Suxe Coburg, were seated near 
his Majesty. The Lord Chamlierlain of hia 
Majesty's Household took his place at the 
feet of the corjise; and the Supporters and 
Assistant Supporters of the Pall and of the 
Canopy arranged themselves on each side of 
the Koyal Body. TTie Peers, Assistants to 
the Chief Mourner, arranged themselves be- 
hind the Princes of the Blood Royal. The 
Feers liearing the Banners were placed on 
each side below the altar. During the aer- 
▼ice the Knights of the Garter present oc- 
cupied their respective stalls, with the ex- 
ception of the Duke of Wellington, who 
bore the Sword of State, the Duke of Beau- 
fort, one of the Supporters to the Chief 
Mourner, and the Peers who supported the 
pall. The Ministers of State, the Great 
Officers of the Household, the Nobility, 
Bishops, Privy Councillors, Judges, and 
Law Officers, were placed in the vacant and 
intermediate stalls, and in the lower scats on 
each side of the choir. The Grooms of the 
Bedcbaoiber, GentlemenUshert of the Privy- 
chamber, Equerries and others, composing 
the Procession, were arranged on each side 
of the altar, on which was placed the fold 
plate of the Chapels Royal. 

Tlie part of the service before the inter- 
ment and the anthem being performed, the 
Ro}al Body was deposited in the vault; and 
the service being concluded, his Majesty, 
the Chief Mourner, was conducted from the 
choir to the chapter-room of the Chapel, 
preceded by the Sword of State. After a 
abort pause. Sir George Nayler, Garter Prin- 
cipal King of Arras, pronounced near the 
srmve the styles of His late Most Sorred 
Majesty^ of blessed memory, as follows : — 
•« Tims it hath pleased Almighty God to 
take out of this transitory life, unto His Di- 
vine Mercy, the late Most High, Most 
Mighty, and Most Excellent Monarch, 



George tub Fourth, by the Qnee of God 
of the United Kingdom of Great Britaio and 
Ireland Kinc, Defender of the Faith, and 
Sovereign of the Most Noble Order of th« 
Garter; King of Hanover, and Dnke of 
Brunswick and Lunenburgh. Let us hum* 
bly Ijcseech Almighty God to bleaa and pro* 
serve with long life, bealth, and honour, aa^ 
all worldly happiness, the Most High, Mbtt 
Mighty, and Most Excellent Monarch, Oqr 
Sovereign Lord William the Fourth, 
now, by the Grace of God, of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King, 
Defender of the Faith, and Sovereign of the 
Most Noble Order of the Garter; Kine of 
Hanover, and Duke of Brunswick and Lu- 
nenbni;^h. GoD save Kino William the 
Fourth !" 

After which the Marqoesa of Couyngliam, 
Lord Steward of the Household to his late 
Majesty, and the other offioera of his late 
Majesty's Household, broke their staves of 
office, and, kneeling near the grave, deposited 
the same in the royal vault; whereupon 
their Royal Higlmesset the Princes of the 
Blood Royal, the Great Officera of Sute, 
Nobility, and othera, who had composed the 
Procession, retired. 

The Knights of the several Orders, pre- 
sent on the occasion, wore their respective 
Collars, with white rosettes. In pursuance 
of his Majesty's order, the Great Officers of 
Sute, his Majesty's Ministers, and the Offi- 
cers of the Koyal Household, appeared in 
their state uniforms, with* black w^tcoats, 
breeches, stockings, and buckles, uniform 
swords with crape, and black feathers in 
their bats. The officers of the' Army and 
Navy a[»peared in full dress uniforms, with 
the mourning directed to be worn by them 
at Court. The Bi»hops appeared in their 
rochets ; the Peers, eldest Sons of Peers, 
Privy Councillors, and others, not included 
in the Royal order, appearied in full dress 
black. 

The Procession, from the Royal Apart- 
ments to the Choir of St. George's Chapel, 
was flanked by tlic Grenadiers of the loot 
Guards, every fourth man bearing a flam- 
beau. From four o'clock iu the morning until 
nine in the evening guns were fired at in- 
tervals of five minutes, and from nine o'clock 
until the conclusion of the Cciemony minute 
guns were fired. 



Such Is an abstract of the official accounts 
authenticate<I by the signature of the Earl 
Marshal. After the chapel was cleared, 
both of the funeral cortege and s))ectators, 
the Duke of Cumberland descended into the 
royal vault, to witness the performance of 
the last necessary arrangements ; and, hav- 
ing remained for an hour and a half in the 
Chapel, before his departure saw the stonee 
replaced at the entrance of the sacred tomb- 
house of his Family. 



.stt.—Gen. Meyrick.- 



GRKERtLMEYRICX. 




Aw 5, Ai <h< h"i»e of bi» ion in 


<l» Kii.g'i«m.>p» intlie l»nn of We». 


n>fVrlvy-(qii»rif, iftrr ilirre ilnyt illtiFU 


(urJ, (oiik |Kit«<^(>ioii ■>( iLe piHc«, iiid 


of dTip'piia, BgeiieG, Tlium** Meynck, 




E«i. General in ihe ■rmy. and Liaol- 


related gunrd oil ihe tama iniiide It 


Lcl. el theSltlni;t.arf.<u(. 




Gcnml Mevrkk »m (lie third MR of 


forcpi. TliE lepect uf aDun »» lerioui 


J.«« M.yri<;k. E.q., of Eyl-m Cgurl, 


in tbe eitreine. »l><^ii Gtneriil Heyriik 


H.r-t«d.bire, b.iU Po.li»n.»nt-»iK«i. 


pul liimxlf at i he bend af iwu bitia- 




liurii, and marclied in llie n-liet uf tlw 


■ ldo» ur Mr. Covr. H^'iiig luft hit 


pt««; Ihe rcbeli Hed belure fail srrivnl. 


Itilvr ii. ITra (tR our tA»e- vul. lvhi. 




p. Sia.) li^ Ih* tc|li»lii|c ycur e..l«red 


Meyick coi.iiimed in Ireland lili ihe 


tbe Miiij, bring mpgiuiiiipil eiiilgii ill (he 


Poue i<. \WI, bavm* cummaiid Rl Clon- 


M »»«l. of luol ill Aii(Ult, mill "M 


Diel, aud lubiequeiilly al Cnlway. 


praiiHiied 10 & liroleiiiiicy iti ilie 6ih 


Oil tlie IMli t'ebiuiry he »■) re-ap- 


fuor. 111 Niivt-nbtr f«lli>«i..c. Ii> Vt- 


painied t.. ibe »me rank, aiidiiiSep- 


UtM, ITel. br m-quired Itac raiik uf 


leml«r, IB03, rectived the mnk of Mi- 


CipHiti i» (h> asib, ohich regimoiit be 


],.f-Griieri>l. beii'E removed to tbe Bpi- 


j.™,^d ill Ai,l>EU>. il« IBUIW nclive mi- 


ti«b HafF in tlie nut munth, but in 




M-ireh, 11404, lie «a< ugaiii piacfd oi> iha 


l^.insi for iliDer. ITH!, Upr.Mejrick 




cfubjiked Willi Gil., Pmcutt fur ilie 


Dublin, aiKl in laii) wai rrumuted (o 


iiliif ul Si. K;i'(, Aiul Hu (inttnt in 


the rnnk of Litul.-GriierAl. Hx rank 



of Admiral (be Ciiiii|>l« de GratK. tie 
iRrrnntd* landvd HiibilieKuDpiiaiidwai 
prneniin all ilienrlioiil tbat look pliee 
unlil ibe rcembnrkaliiin. Afler hit 
nlnrn liuine iu conaFqnenre'Ot ao sllack 
of jrtlluiir ferer, he lokrcicd lb* naloral 
dauKbierof the celebral--d Adniirnl L»ril 
K>i-p'l, a wry preiiy wamax, who being 
bri (aiber'* t»le bcir, bruunfal ' - 



d 131b Jui 



of [urmiir. Sbe 



:. 1831. Thei 

I niiiix 



M.ynrk. burn in 1I»0, and mix Ui^nl.- 
Col. in ibc 3d regl of Foot Guard:, nho 
oiariird La-ly Ltura, (bird OnuKlitcr n| 
the Man]ut*t ol CleveUiid by hii linl 
wlf*. Luly Calfaarioe Pxulell, dJiM'bler 
al Marty. 6>b and lul Duke ut Bollun. 
T ladyibip. 






1794, 

t..ijori.yinihe 



vtiio uncle u< l>r. Meyrick, of Citodilcli 
Cuurt, Herefordshire. 

William Evrhett, Esg. 

JuneiO. At Hamingabam. Willthire^ 
of a pirAlytie leiaure, aged 64, Thumai 
Ererell. Eh). 

John Kvcrell, of Keyteibury, «. Wilti, 
Etq., ibe decciied't gresl gcaiidfAiber, 
»ai (aihirr of William E^erelt of tbe 
latne place, iirba, by Aliee, duishCer of 
— Gale, of Crawlbuih iirar Alidorer, eo. 
Hniili, E'q. bitd iune lour ioni ind 
Ibree dauehtcn. Of the luni, 1. Tbo- 
mac, the elilrat, uf Bcdrnrd-cquare, Pro- 
prietor of tbe Burouiih of Lud;er<ball, 
Wilit, and M. P. for the ■ame place. 
Lord of Ihe Manor of Biddeadon, co. 
WllK, aitdabxnkrrin London, bad a 
grant of armt at tbe London Cullpfc-, 
1193 1 be mtrrii^d — dani-hter uf -~ 
DuTkian, E.q. (ibe died IBM), and bad 

(ilvinj 



n^cy ill Ibe !l9<b. From t1.it re- 


J.iH-ph-HiBiie EvKeA, Esq. 


elil h$ in Sepleniber fulluwine «- 


IS30) »! Btddeid.m il.niir. i.ea 


u|fd inM the SUt foot, and joined 


dover, wbi> i.t u M. P. f>.r Ludg 




married Anne daiigliler and co- 


1. Hi* pmnalioii, itoilUeperceivril, 


ol General Cu»k, and bna i^iue • 


rtry npid, ohicb giHtd Wiuiie dill 


and lour danghlerii and Williin 


uded lilin, for on the Sliib Jan, 1797. 


relt. K«q. Cli"i"e laio) of Beifi 


Kciifd the brevet of Cutoiivl. 


Miildlr.«, andHu*«^ll-H|nare, la 


W .liMurbed itale of Irriand Je- 


ceiver- general lor Middletn, 


nded the nalnirnanet of a larxe and 




ieni force, and in May, 1798, Col. 


dau)!bler of — Eilit, Eiq. and ba 


)nck Hat Mnt liiliher, *itb ibc rank 


Of tiie Ibree dao^iiten, HarHeil 


Br.eadkl-Ge..e.al. Tiii. .er.ice, 


m.irrii'd Willi.m Fuwle, of Cbuie 



Itvription, the enemy beiiif 

<n «iiiU b« made hi> appiar 

» audi ■ (yileni of ocganixatiui 



Miiria and Miriba-Kiereii, boib rnl. 
and Mary Everett, married lo — Offley, 
Eii]. and bai isiuc. jl. John Gale 
E'ereU, Etq u(UejUi\iuT«, k\iq ^\«&«, 



88 Omtuary.— ITifi. EvereU, Ei7.»-Jeibt HtMinoiic^ Etq. [Jdy, 

hw yein a^o. He wai^ with his bro- 
tber-hi-lnw, the late John Thrinf^, B«q.a 
• banker in Warminster ; he left iMue a 
•on, Jii^ifph Everftt,E^. of Heytt%\Mrft 
whu had a frmnt of arms at tli# London 
Coll^Krln IHIl, and is the head of the 
banlcinf^ ettaWlishment of Ever«*tt and 
Co. Warniin«t«r. III. William Everett, 
of Horninirsham, Esq. bnpiiaed at Hey* 
tesbury, Jan. IS, 1741, married In Lun* 
don Jane Wick bain, and had istue four 
tons and three daughters, via. l.TboraM, 
whose decease we now record ; S. the 
Rev. William Everett, M.A. New Cull. 
Oxford, Dee. 17, 1R01, B.D. June 98, 
1810, junior Proctor of the Universify in 
1809, Vicar of Romford, eo. Essex, mar* 
ried Marianne, dauf^hter of Charles 
Dundas, Esq. M. P. co. Berkf, and died 
1898, leavtni: Issue; 3. John Gale 
Everett, ob. s. p.j and, 4. Joseph, in 
the army, oh. s. p. Of the daughters 
of William Everett and his wife Jane 
Wiekbam, Jane and Charlotte are both 
living ecel., and Alicia, the eldest, bap- 
tlied Sept. 95, 1768, at Hurningsbam, is 
the widow of the Rev. William Ireland, 
MA. St. John's Coll. Oxford, July 7, 
1780, Vicar of Frome, Someraet, for 95 
years, and a magistrate for the same 
county, to whom she was married Feb. 
90, 1799; he died 1813, aged 59, leav- 
iiig iasue the Rev. John Ireland of Nun- 
ney, near Frome, M.A. Queen's ColL 
Oxford, Oct. 10, 1890, Rector of Queen 
Charlton, co. Somerset, coeL and four 
daughters; 1st and 4tb daughters, Har- 
riet and Alicia (Ireland) are both ccbI.i 
8. Lucy (Ireland) is wife of the Rev. W. 
Gretton, son of the late Rev. Dr. Gret- 
ton. Dean of Hereford, and has issue i 
3. Franoca (Irebind), married 1890, the 
Rev. Stephen Hyde Cassan, M.A. of 
Magdalen Hall, Oxford, Jan. 99, 1818, 
F.S.A. of Mere Vicarage, ^eo. Wilts, (son 
of Stephen Cauan, Hamster at law, Esq. 
of the Middle Temple, second son c^ 
Stephen, Barrister at law, of Lincoln's 
lnii» of Sbefflel^Queen*8 co. Esq.), and 
liaa issue Algerbon - William Cassan, 
,Gertrude-Anne«Caley Cassan, Frances* 
Alicia Cassan, &c. IV. Joseph Everett, 
fourth son of William of Heytesbury, and 
Alice Gale bis wife, died leaving Issue by 
his wife — daughter of *- Kellow, Esq. 
lour sons and three daughters ; of the 
sons, 1. Charles Everett, cmL (living 
1830), a banker at Salisbury; 9. the 
Rev. G. Fredenok Everett, M.A. of Bal* 
liol Coll. Oxford, April 9, 1818, who, in 
1813, obtained the honour of first class, 
/living 1830) ; 8. Henry-Turoer Everett, 
^Uving 1830), a banker and aolicltor of 
Salisbury; 4. Edward Everett (living 
1830), Barrister at law, of the Middle 
Temple, M.A. of Balliol CuU. Oxford, 



Jan. 31, 1884; of the daughters, Caro- 
line and Harriett Everett are ceeL and 
Maria ob. col. V. Robert Everett, ftfdi 
son of William of Heytesbury and Alice 
Gale, oh. s. p. Of the three daugh- 
ters of William Everett and Alice Gale, 
(Alicia, Msry, and Eliaabeth), Alicia 
married — Turner, Esq. and ob. s. p. 
at Bath a few years ago; Mary, de- 
ceased, married the late John Waldron, 
£«q. of Trowbridge, and had issue two 
sons and one daughter; of the sons 
William Waldron * is an acting magis- 
trate for Wiltshire, and head of the 
banking ettablishment at Trowbridge, 
Wilis, and Frome, Somerset; John 
Waldron, late of the King's Dragoon 
Guards, died April 13, 1830 (see part i« 
of the present volume, p. 381); and 
Maria Waldron, livings em|. 

Elixabeth Everett, the third danghter, 
and last surviving Issue of William 
Everett and Alice Osle, married the late 
John Tbring, Esq. of Alford House, near 
Castle Cary, oo. Somerset, Deputy 
Lieutenant and an acting magistrate far 
eo. Somerset, formerly partner with his 
brother-in-law (J. G. Everett) in the 
banking establishment of Everett, 
Tbring, and Co. of Warminster, who 
died Jan. IS, 1830 (see part i. p. 189), 
leaving issue one son and one daughter. 
The son i« the Rev. John-Gale Dalton 
Tbring, LX«.B., of Cambridge, now of 
Alford House, and many years Rector of 
Alford, who married Sarah, sister of the 
Rev. Richard Jenkyns, D.D., the pre- 
sent Master of Balliol College, Oxford, 
by whom he has issue ; the daughter it 
Alicia Tbring, ccel. 

The late Thomas Everett married — 
daughter of — - Eustace, Esq. by whom 
he bad no Issue. He was buried in the 
fiamily vault at Horningtham church, 
Wilts, where bis brother, the Rev. Wil- 
liam Everett, was interred two years 
sUioe. 

The arms of Everett are, " Gules, on a 
chevron er between three mullets ar» 
gttU five pallets axMre," Crest, ** a 
gryphon's head sahlet charged with 
three barmleis, that in the middle ar- 
getU^ the other two er," to be borne by 
the grantee Thomas Everett and his de- 
scendants, and by the deeceudatits of 
his grandfather John Everett deceased. 

John Hammond, Esf. M.A. 
•/ime 7* At Fen- Stanton, Hunts, 
John Hammond, Esq. MA. a gentleman 
as moch respected for his talenU and li- 



« Sir William Waldron was Lord 
Mayor of London in 1413 and 1493.— 
Stow, ii. 961 a. 



OtdTOAltt.'^olm Hammond, Eiq. — Mr. Wintor, 



■ad 



(VBKll 



T( nt (Xeanud fur liis 

I «■■ a nmive of Ctte- 
'edrhe rltmdXior hit 
III u ihe public •EboDl of Mxr- 
. Having Ibrre «uccc»rulty pur- 
pn!|>Hnf«iry tiutlipt, h« «U4Fiit 
u'l CulleiEP, Cirahridpe, wti.!re 
lalcil B.A. I77T, beiiii- lli<^ v\t!b\\i 
lot Ihu year, M.A. I7S0; 



. rdlo. 



N,il 



>(icr hi 

IjrdaucbierufJiiniftEMPf, Evaq. P3.A. 
c«kbr*teil arvhiletl of Caiii)>ridei, 
1 of caun^ ht; riru'ed hit r^lloo- 
, He did uat enjiiy that lady'i a<ideiy 
' a lilUe liiue after lirr deceaie 
I Dii bii fureiRO Itaveli, ai»d 
I ibree yeari in Gpnuanj', Swil- 
Uld. and ][itly. Having pre^ioukly 
»hal aciiuainted bimeir wiili tlie 
1 uf ihnie couiitriOi p«rfec(«d 
MK tliaruuKhly in tbrm on his 
mely obwrvam 



Tal c 



n.ng 



jiho 






ii *dl ai 'br at 
eulari hs had no 



r.nigh « 



HxmnoHd'trriendi, that lie nhould not 
have l«ri lirhiiiil biiD any pnhlic mpmn- 
rial or irttimony of hit lilerar^ chai'AC- 
ytr: ha( w» are oat aware nf any piibli- 
calian of hi*, unlHB a few pagi^iiii inme 
{inblie occaliun, may be called hy 
rhat name. Ha had lnd»d been lobf; 
mpJilating lo pubtiih an cdiiinn of 
D^vid'i Ptalnm In ihe original Hebr-ir, 
arco'diiiB lo the manner in •hith Ibey 
■re printed bv Dr. Ki'miieotI, t. e. in 
Ihe form of tneire or vene, and not u 
tbey now appear in the Furoi nf prcnr. 



opiniun, howey-r inat, being uniformly 
rejei-icd by the Jema, and rarely ndupled 
by Chritlians in Ibit counlryi be bad 



prinriples he wai a Whi^, briilg >'«• 
InnllyatUcbrd In Ihe RenlluliDn nf lliUB, 
and greMly tnccreiled iiimxllin all mai- 
ler* which concerned the pnbllc good ; 



I rale. 



teilge he 



:n UmenKd by bi> lilctary friends ibll 
wen neirer made uublie. 
', Hatnmoud, %»• hi* rvlnni lo hii 
B cvunlry, marriod bit •ecmd witi-, 
^ nrfired to Fen-!it>nl'in in Hiinllng- 
uabin. wbece be hml |>urc-haied an 

■I ofll ! rHurninE, li-iwi-vur, ai vner- 

,h reaigned hi 

»l hi) ion, and d. 

'l fcuijeoiin'a a«iuinil 
"y very couiidemblp t 
■uoal and elauieal ki. 
id lb»t ul llalian, V 
lao, and wai well *eried in ihe 
caw and Arabic langnaget. He used 
id every murning a puriiun of ihe 
lore* in Ibece two U*I langna^e*. 
'. Haaimmid nu alio enthuiinsri. 
fund uf iDuiic. Hii fatourite in- 
ai (he violin, do which he 
coeufully under Ihe iniirue- 
if Ibat cmineni muliclan Mr. Hel- 
Ll,lhen « teacher in that town. Willi 
utic, Mr. Hammund afTurded 
lie taaraple of Ihe foree i.f 
.ationi; (..r after pving up 
t ■ttenlion m the Mudy tor iwenly ur 

■ ibe eluw id hi> lifr, niili rqnal 



Uk. WiNsnn. 

M„g II. Al Paris •r-' 67, Mr, 
Fre.l.-ri-k Albert Wiiiwr. ihe f.nitid-r 
ul the Rat-Light and Colte ri.mpany in 
Lnndun, and of the tiril Gas Culnp^iiiy 
etlabli*bcd at l^arlt. 

II wat in 1803 that Mr. Wintor flnt 
publicly demunstraled, hi ihc Lycentn 
JniheSlrand, Ibe u«e in which hi< dls- 
pi.vcry of itat lii(b'ing mi[;)ic b« ajiplied. 

Many, even ufhii^h aeieiitific rrpntaii 

then denied if (eatlbiliiy. He afitr- 
»«rd<, on the King'* birlh-d»y in IBDT. 
ti^hied with nai the walla of CSrlion- 
buutc gardrni, iti 9i. Jamei't V»t)i i and 
during taU9 ai.d IBIU, one iidf if Poll 
Mall Iram Ibe hoiiie which be then no- 
fur many year* openly shown, fllled'np 
lo tbe leeidiiure and the public Ibe 

Hi* tnenioriil lu ihe King fur a chsi 



Ibe 






I bcfureihe Privy Cou 
ul, bear letiimony 10 Ibe itide'Hiigafcle 
and uiirrmilling teal with which ha 
perieveced, unlit be .pvefiame thu db- 
tlacle* winch prejuilke bid rjile<l 
agaiiial bia clfurti, «iid whirh threalcii- 



90 



Obituaey.— ilfn Winsor.'^Mr, John Nkkion. 



[Jaiy, 



ed to prevent the general adoption of 
bis ditcoveriet and improvemenlt. 

In 1818| however, a charter of incor- 
poration for a Gat-Ligbt and C^lie Com- 
pany was obtained* and sueceta crowned 
hU laboun i but bit mind having been 
wholly posieited with the prosecution of 
an ob}eet of such importance, be wai 
too regardleft of bis own pecuniary in- 
teretUf and omitted to retain a legal 
power over tbe advantages which re- 
aulUd from bia exertions: be unfortu- 
nately trasted too much for his reward 
to tbe honour of tbe parlies with whom 
be was engaged. 

In 1815 he extended to France tbe ad- 
vantages which bad attended bis efforts 
in England. There too he was tbe first 
to establish a company, and erect gas- 
works I but rival interests created other 
companies, in defiance of patent privi- 
leges ; these associations, with large ca- 
pitala, undermined his interests, and be 
again gave fortunes to others which ought 
to have been bis own reward. 
Sic vos non vobii 



Mb. Jobn Nickson. 

Jtme 16. At Leamington> after a 
short illness, aged 70. Mr. John Nickson, 
of Coventry, a member of the Society of 
Friends. 

He was a native of that city, and 
apprenticed to a relative at Eailngton, 
in Warwickshire. Thence be returned 
to an uncle in Coventry, with whom 
be resided a few years, and then en- 
tered into partnership with a Mr. Town- 
send, In the leather trade. On tbe 
death of Mr. T. be entered into tbe 
cotton trade with the late Mr. Browett, 
and carried on for many years a lu- 
crative and fiourishing business. Tbe 
decline of that manufacture, and the 
death of his partner, induced him to 
enter into another — the fabrication 
of trimmings — and be was also en- 
gaged in the selling of silk by commis- 
sion. In bis younger years be married 
a Miss Stretch, of Birmingham, by whom 
be had a son, who died young, and three 
daughters, two of whom are now smr- 
viving. 

At that period, and for many subse- 
quent years, he was a most active and 
diligent antiquary. Knowing that there 
were in existence many ancient MSS. 
detailing the remarkable events which 
bad occurred in the ancient city of Co- 
ventry, he^ with tbe assistance of his nu- 
merous friends* eollected them together 
—be examined the files of tbe Cwftniry 
Mtremry^ from its establishment in tbe 
jfear 1741— 4be ancient books and writ- 
ings belong to tbe various chartered 
compaoies— and also a portion of the 



records belonging to tbe Corporation. 
From these be extracted every useful 
detail ; and by bis careful selection, has 
formed a volume of great value, it bad 
been his intention to have published a 
history of Coventry, and a prospectus 
was issued by Mr. Piercy, a bookseller, 
but it was not carried into execution. 
With indefatigable industry he collected 
tbe election papers, ftc. connected with 
Coventiy during the last century, tbe 
whole of which he arranged cbronulogi- 
cadly in two large folio volumes. He 
also, in conjunction with two other an- 
tiquarian friends, employed a celebrated 
artist to take drawings of every church, 
and tbe remains of ancient buildings in 
Warwickshire, in order to illustrate Sir 
W.Dugdale*s History of that County. He 
was a collector of coins ; and possessed 
a valuable series of Coventry tokens, 
which passed currently in tbe reign of 
Charles II. With tbe friends above- 
mentioned, be bad a silver and copper 
coinage struck off--on one side were re- 
presented tbe City arms, vis. tbe ele- 
phant and castle; and on tbe other, tbe 
ancient and modem public buildings of 
tbe Gty. Several Interesting commu- 
nications relating to Coventry were 
transmitted by him at various times to 
tbe Genileman't Magazine. He was an 
active assistant in founding tbe Coventry 
Library In 1761. His collections were 
ever open to tbe inspection of bis friends; 
and there are many still surviving, who 
recollect with pleasure the gratifleation 
they received from his communicative 
disposition. In a word, be was a kind 
warm-hearted friend, respected by his 
neighbours ; and in the various vicissi- 
tudes of life, was ever esteemed as a 
man of unimpeachable honour and in- 
tegrity. He was liberal in his senti- 
ments; and, during the late eventful 
times a truly loyal subject — unchange- 
able in bis friendship, and ever active 
for tbe welfare and benefit of bis native 
city. 

CLERGY DECEASED. 

Jan. 6. At Avr, the Rev. Robert Baylis 
DeaUry, LL.D. Rector of Wicklow, and a 
Prebendary of St. Patrick's, Dublin. He 
receired bis Uaivenity education at Trin. 
Wl. Camb. where he graduated B. A. 1 777, 
beiag tbe first Jonior Optime of that year, 
M. A. 1780 ; and was the author of a Mo- 
nody on the Rt. Hon. Wm. Pitt, and an Elegy 
on Sir John Moore, both printed in 4to, 
1809' 

June 1 7. Aged 42, tbe Rev. T%omas Je- 
sup Abbott Curate of Newmarket, and V^car 
of Loddon in Norfolk. He was of Caih. 
ball, Canb. B.A. 1816, M.A. 1818; and 



a LoddoD bj tlia fiuLop of 



rusa] 

•Ah il. And es, the El«T. Tkomai 
Hflm CelKM, S. A. RccMi of UoVenhult, 
Hhu. wd p-,Min>, Donct, uJ Pirutiml 
Cbn(4 of CWmiDfter. To ihe fint he 
mt pmoDted is I am by Mn. Worgu ; to 
fee ttmad in is04, vA to iha tlilrd ia 
UI3, b;J.TrtD«h*nl, &>). 
_J^«« aa. At Wickvu, Glouc. tlia Rt*. 



- jBntH. At SCout'i Hilt, Glouc. wed 
" I, tlie fUr. mUtam Llayi Baker. Hn 
M of Chtin-ch. Oxf. 1 grafld compoundec 
-■'■-dwfe.of M.A. I77S. 

luclwrall, DMT Wejmouth, ihr Re>. 

> Gotion, Vicmr of Slwrbome ind 

T of Chicksrell. Ha -m of Penb. 

ll>. M.A. IBll, Hu i>reienlad to 

II ia 17Sa br Loid fiultoa i lad 

bShariionuiDiHIl brthaKhig. Ha «•> 

**j>_puaeu»[ ia tha diistutga of hit rali- 

" ' 1, md WM pirtieuUrlj noticed by 

. /Gaotgt the Third. 

>l hit laothtr ■ in Bridgnactli, ucd 99, 

< Rm. Chattel Oaka, M. A. of St. 

, hn'i coll. Oiford, ud lUctor of Kimbcf ' 

pi, Salop. 10 wblch be iru prcMotad wllh- 



At AMan 



Fi PHct, 



: Wore. 



Ha *u of Ti 

I, bciog the 1 Ith Junior Optima, M. A. 
1 wu pmcDttd lo AldarmiDiIer 
IuohUoi Etduo ID IBI3. 

At lodgiogt in PantoD-iq. the 
in IrpingSiuiU. ofTrin. coII.Cimb. 
-1,M.A. IS!—. Thii uoFortunate 
a CM bit (hcoU ■ban ia bed; a 
'■ iitqiiaic latuisad ■ irerdlct of tam- 
7 denogenieDt. 

At Chetuahiin, agad ti9> the 

mm KculoH, Rector of With, 

ud Ferpetiul Curate of Bid- 

inerMt. He wu fonnerl, FelW 

idl. Canb., wbere ha gruluated 

17S3,wtenibSeniuiOptime, (Tbomis 

H), •fietnrdi Fellow and Tutor uf 

a, bain; on tha »inetiipo> lanth Wran- 

a., M.A. 17a<; ; wu ptesaolad to Walh 

~ « brtheEulofAileibiuj. 

JaAf 1-. Aged 6B,i!« Bar. H .. _ 

r. Ra«<H orHeyford Punxll, Oif. bcotb. 

t Re*. Sir Joho Filmer, But. Hi 

w ateood Hn of the Ra*. Sic Edmund 

' ' and l.te Baiooet, b) \a- 

J aldeit daughter of Sii 

kaHoBywood, the third Barooet of Eriog- 

' " He wa> of Corpui Chriiti 



of that pariili. He wu furnietrj Fellow uf 
King'i coll, Canib. where be proceeded B. A. 
1801, M.A. I SOS, and wu preientad to bis 
iimgbj Ibat Society it, 1819. Hii nana 
wu affiled to a cnilactioa of eitracli eoli- 
tled, " Tha Gallery of Nalora aod Art," 
publlihed ia ilx nolumes 8>o, 1814 (ra- 
•iawed ia our lol. Liiiiv. ii. 3ei). 

DEATHS. 

LoHttON USD IT» VrciMTV. 

April 3- Aged 16, Eliu-Gorrow, only 
dau. of Samuel Fotliergill Lettaon, fvj. 
graud-dau. of Mr. Baron Garrow, and of 
ibe lata John CoatleyLeitjom, M.D. 

June je. In Poriland-pltce, aged 7€, 
Henry Browae, esq. 

Jam 30. In Burlington -atreci, agadl9, 
Eteaoor, dan. of Tb'W. Kanoagh.eaq. Mif. 

At hit reiidance, Myddletoo Houea, En- 
Aald, io bi> 67ih yeu, Heori Carrington 
Bowlei, e»). F.S.A. 

Lttlfly. At St. Paul-i School, a 
tieorga-Joha, >oa of the Re 
dall, Rector of Kingtoa Mmu, 

Charle. Kennedy, e«i. F.R.S.L. &c. ■ 
geon. fonnarlj of Hull. Ha wa. the 
venior nf an iogenioui cupping apparat 
for which he obtained a pauni 
dijsecting taw, and aeveral othi 



'!'?'?"»■ 



liihed 

the aul 

July 1. 
Julj/U. 






ipp.og, . 



pub- 



He 

. Mr. H. ! 



Aged BA, in Upper George-it. 
none, reiict of John Penn, eiq. formerty 
OoTenior of Penoiyloaoia. 

Ia Keppel-it. Mary, eldegt dau. of Robl. 
Peen, «q. late of Chiilebuoptoo Lodge, 
Oxfbrdihire. 

July 5. Aged 73, W. Archer, aiq. fur 
47 yean Deputy Clerk of the Kiug'i Silver 
Office. 

July S. In Welback-il. George Mac- 
keniie Blair, eiH- 

July 10. At the home of Viicounl An- 
ion, io St. Jaati'i-iqnaiei aged 81, Mr. 
Rnbert Jenlini 



, B.D. 



ii lining by that Society 

(19- AtUreaDTord. Middletei.aged 
>« Bfv. ifiiuvrd Fvkhantptan, Rector 



for lifiy-elgbt yenia ■ du 

Aged as, Elliabeth, wife of Jamei 
'ji'illiamFd- Haodey, e»q., enrgeon. Upper Slaioford-it 
"■■ ■ .ndfgrmeriyofMere,co.WilU. 

Juhjli, At Haokoay, Bgeit 42, Matthea 
Evan Thoniai, eiq. architect. 

In NottioghDm-pl. Jane, tliiid iliu. u 
lata Re*. J. P. BaoDennan. 

In Charterhnuie-tqnare, aged 83, Wm 
Cnwley, Ein. 

July 13. t. W. Wood, ev). late of th> 
Stock Eichange. 

Aged 67, John Witker, 



-hall, Darbytbiri 
ECencher of ibe Middle Temple. 
July N. At Hoxtan, of cuniumptu 



Obituary.— Bdi ofiMvrialUy. — Market, 



94' 

YoKK.— Jac^lO. fatoooMqiieoo* of being 
Uwowm fram bis bant, WnttnB Walkw* 
eiq., of Wiltiok, a pulaw m iha bnUng- 
hooM of Sir W, & Cooki tad Cb. Don- 



JwJy 10. At Bffidlinctoii, agea 84» Mr. 
Heggitt, of Uwt pboey fttbar^fai-kv of tb« 
lUv. G.Smith, VW. 

Jmfy I9i Aged 68^ Mfery, relict of Mr. 
Robert Richerdeooy of .Newceetle, oMreheaty 
•ad titter to tho bite John Nonian Creete» 
eeq.» of Hull. 

At Aberfefd, i^ 80, Wn. Frobieher, 
etq.y fimnerly of Heli&Xy and father of 
Mrt. Wn. Harcrawet of York. 

Walbi. — Jtme 3 1 . Aged 66, WiUiani 
Lewii Hopkine, of Aberuinall, etq. for 
nnuiy j—n an aetire nagittrate^ and at the 
tine of hit deoeaie High Sheriff &r the 
c(Mm9 of Brecon. ^ 

Jufy 10. At fiarmoatb, Merionethsbiret 
aged J»7, Priebard Lloyd, eta. of Alletley, 
Warwicbahire, fourth ton of tlie h4e Samp- 
ton Lloyd, etq. of Birmingham. 

Laleiy. At Cefit Mnriadog, near St. 
Ataph, in hit 80th year, £. Lloyd, etq. a 
Mbgwtrate for Carnarvon, Denbigh, and 
Fttatt for the two fermtr counties he tenred 
the office of High Sheriff. 

At Aberyitwiw, Jamet, 9d ton of Lieut.» 
Cd. Weraytt, lale of 50th recunent. 

Irelano. — Jmiy 17. At ner brotber't, 
Henry Crotby, etq. Clogheen, Grace Easma, 
eldett dao. of W.Curre, etq. of Iltcn Court, 
Monmoutbtbire. 

Robert HamUtoo, etq. Prothonotary of 
the Court of Khig't Bench, DubHn. 

Near Mullmgar, the wifo of the Rev. 
Meade Dennit, 8d. dau of Morley Saunden, 



[July. 



by LMly Martha Stratford, titter to the 
pres e n t £arl .of Aldbprooffh. 

Zale^.— At Dablm, iJarriott-Cbarlotte, 
eld. dau. of the hite Very R«v^.Dr. KeaUnge, 
Dean of St. Patrick's. 

Abroad. — March 80. At Carltrube, 
aged 67, Louis-WiUiam-Aqgnttut Grand 
Doke. of Baden. He tncceeded his nephew 
the Grand Duke Charlet-Louit-Frednick, 
Dec. 8, 1618; and wai never married. After 
contiderable discttssioo,hi« half-brotherChas. 
Leopold- Frederick, the eldett of three toot 
of tne Grand Charlet-Frederidc by hit mor' 
gamipiet or private marriage, with Louisa- 
Caroline Countess of Hochberg, has been 
allowed to assume the sovereignty. He was 
styled Count of Hochberg, until declared 
Prince Margrave of Baden by a decree of 
the Grand Duke his nephew, Oct. 4, 1817. 
He is now fony years of age, bears an ex- 
alted character, and has a family by the 
Princess Sophia-Wilhelmina, daughter of 
Gustavns ex-King of Sweden, whom he 
married in 1819. 

Jwu 9. At St. Heliers, the wife of Gi- 
deon Nicolson, e%q. late Major R. M. 

June 10. At Jamaica, Lieut. Perry Hey- 
wood, R. Art. nephew of Walter Charles 
Heywood, M.D. of Blandford. 

•fime 88. At Pkris, Ann-£Uaabeth, wife 
of the Rev. Horatio Montsgv. 

J^y 9. At Paris, apd 87, Rob. Maun- 
drell, esq. only son of R. M. esq. Ute of 
BUcUaad-hoose, WUu. 

laiitjf. At Chunar, £. L Chas^Fordyce 
Fergnssouj esq. of the Bombay Civil Ser- 
vice, lirother to Sir John Feigusson, Bart. 
of Kilkerr^, co. Ayr. 



Christened. 

Males - 9'Piio^i? 
Females - 936 J **^ 



BILL OF MORTALITY, from June 83, to July 30, 1830. 



Buried. 
Males - 708 
Females • 617 



Whereof have died under two years old 
Salt 5s. per buriieli 1 jcf. per poond. 



} 



1319 
378 




8 and 5 185 
6 and 10 60 
10 and 30 45 
80 and SO 113 
ao and 40 138 
40 and 50 131 



50 and 60 110 
60 and 70 1 1 1 
70 and 80 84 
80 and 90 30 
90 and 1 00 a 
102 1 





CORN EXCHANGE, July 86. 


Wheat, 
s. d. 


^- 


Oats. 
t. d. 


Rye. 
r. d. 


Beans, 
t. d. 


78 


85 


86 


84 


44 



Peas. 
I. if. 
44 



PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, July 86. 
Smithfield, Hay 8/. lOs. to 6L Or. Straw 8/. 15s. to BL Ss. Clover 3/. 1 55. to 6L Qs, 



SMITHFIELD, July 86. 

Beef 3s. 6(/. to 4s. 

Mutton 45. Od. to 4#. 

Veal 4#. Od. to 4#. 

Pork 35. lOff. to 41. 



To sink the Offal— per stone of 8lbs. 



Od. 
ed. 
8d, 
4d. 



Limb 45. 6d. to 55. 8(/. 

Head of Cattle at Market . July 96 : 

Beasts 8,989 Calves 363 

Sheep and Lambs 23,910 Pigs 840 

COAL MARKET, July 86, 285. 6d. to 355. 3d. 

TALLOW, per cwt.— Town Tallow, 38s. Od. Yellow Russia, 365. Od. 

SOAP. — Yellow^ 725. Mottled, 785. Curd, 805.— —CANDLES, 85. per dox. Moulds, 9i. 6rf' 







^ 


[ 95 1 ^ 


^B PRICES OF SHARES. July 19, 1830, 1 


^^k At OAic. of WOLFE, Bhothem, Stocks. Sh..« Bruktn, «3, Chiog* Mtj, Cornl.ill. | 


^V ca;4als. 


/Vic*. 


3,uvw.™. 


RAILWAYS. 


nice. 


Jii>.p.a«. 


^■dV^-b-Zoueli . 


■■.BO 


f. 4 


b'Di«.t<.rD«.» . . 


ei5 


e > 10 


^^^g. .D^ OUbtB . 






Minohatet & Untf. 












Si«ctU.nS.D.fImgtoo 






^HinDu«b. [i-sthil.,) 


99I U 




WATER. WORKS. 






^^^«ebM«k & Al«rg*v. 






Eut Loodun . . . 


l»5 


6 


^^bclmuii BUaknur 






Grmd JuDCtwD . . 


s« 






sio 




KciC 


43 










M«.ch«»r Sl S.lford 












South London , . 




4 p.«l. 




140 




WBtMiddle.« . . 












INSUHANCBS. 








DO 


87 


AiiiiuB .... 




6B 


a 

4p.«. 


Allkno . . . 




^B^^i^^" " 


9S0 

ssfij 


"i" o'' 


Ailu .... 




U 
6 


iip-cU 


BriU.hCmnni.fcUl 




^^^ Sumy . 






Cunt^rire . . . 






Cnnd Ual« . . . 


flat 




Euie 


St 




GnaaWmen . . 






Glebe 




Gn.U>ui .... 


lis 




GiurdlitD .... 


«S o 




UwUnUkU . . . 






HDixLih .... 


'i 


6>.ed. 


KniMwlAHN.. . 






Im^ti.1 Fi„ . . . 






Xwieuur .... 




1 


Ditto Lilii .... 


Hi 






469 




Protecloc Fire . . . 






UiMiMf .... 




17 


Pmv1d«Dt Llfg . . 






LtiondNorth-n . 






Roi'liLJh .... 


ai 




MuMruidlmil 


"g5 


ISO 


RLExeh.og. (Stock) 
MINES. 




5p-:t. 








Anglo M»i(aa . . 


37 




N.Wikhun&DilbuD 








185 




Nach 




so 


Bru-.tiu(»i.>t&pin} 


73 


3 10 


OdM 


ess 




BrilLhlrao . . . 






h^FMM . ■ • 


78 
S3i 


a 


Colr>mh.(iu.itSpm) 
HlbeniUn ... 


31 i\%. 


— 






Si 










[r»h Miniog Compr 


4 










RtdDelMcrate . . 


61 






aso 




United MtiioD . . 


Hi 






770 




GAS LIGHTS. 








s»o 






B9f 


3 




"1 




Ditto, New . . . 


Itpm 


It 


^■fc^ir"'. : 


«90 
«73 


IS 


Cin ...... 


iSl 


10 
6 


Ditto, N» . . . 


^^rauLiDB S>S^»ra, R«d 


81 




Phanii 


,\z 


6p.«. 
81p.ct. 


^V-TnDt&MB'Hyt)-)'-) 


30 
7G0 


3? ,0 


Britlih 


B.lh 


^K Wtnr. ud Birming. 


184 






107 


^■-■Wu-Kt .Dd N<|>ton 












^VVUl* wd B<tkt . . 


Si 




Brighton .... 


9} 




^V -Wore, ud Birui-Dg. 


loo 




Bri.tol 


as 


8ip.«. 








l<U>..fTh»et. . . 


1 di> 


6p.n. 


^■'jk KMbiriDcV . . 


III 








4p.e(. 


h ^t 


UTerpoo'l '.'.'.'. 


S7S'0 


^Kw!m?»B» SukL) 




B odo. 


Miidiuna . . , 








^r&Mlii^ ScocVJ 


aoj 


4 Odo 


1 R.teliff . . 




3»i 


4p.ct. 


^^ CoBiiMreld SwckJ 


as 


4 Odo 


1 Aoclid>1« . . 








DriM.) ..... 


\9i 




ShcfEeld . . 








BRIDGES. 






W«-ick . . 






S p.«. 




ta 




MISCELLANEO 


US 








«t 










Do.N»Tit>treimL 


30 




1 Auction M«t . . 


»1J0 




VunhtU . . . 






1 Btnk, IriihProfincikl 




ap.()t. 


WtMrieO . . - 


*i 






I, *v*»- 


I ■ Am, QlM. . 


- 


17 4 


1 DitW, ldc\M . .\ 9\V^\ ^^^A 




jo IS a 






^^1 



t 98 ] 



■ • 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



P. J. obatnrety ** In p. 80 of last month, 
700 Mk whether the eipretsion of 'the 
l^oriow uncertainty of tne law' wtf fiitt 
employed on the occMion there mentioned ? 
1 eta answer that it was not. It bad been 
in use long before, and I have often heard 
that it originated thus. Soon after the first 
Lord Mansfield was appointed Chief Justice, 
which was in 1 766, he overruled some long 
estiJ>lished legal deoisioni, and introduced 
several inoovatiotts in the pmctice of his 
court. At that period ' the glorious memory 
of King WUliaro' was a standing toast ; and 
at a dinner of the Ju4ges and Counsel at 
Serjeants' Inn Hall, after the toast of the 
'glorious memory,* Mr. Wilbmham, a very 
eminent counsel of that day, gave ' die gkn 
rions uncertainty of the law,' which was le- 
velled at Lord MaasfieM's Judgments, and 
created much merriment. It has ever since 
been commonly drank at professional din- 
ners. — In p. 90, it is said of Mr. Nickson, 
whose age is stated to be 70, that he was an 
active assistant in founding the Coventry 
Library in 1 761 . One of the dates must be 



A Lincolnshire Correspondent states that 
*'the late Sir Scrope Bernard Morland 
(part i. p. 465) was the seventh son of Sur 
Rrancis Bernard 1 and was bonit not in Ire- 
knd, but at Perth Ambay, New Jersey, 
whilst his father was governor of that set- 
tlement. Sir Scrope was twice in Ireland as 
ivate secretary to the Marquees of Buck- 
;ham,--There b in the hall of Christ 
urch, Oxford, a portrait of Sir Francis 
Bernard, painted at Boston in America, by 
Copley, the father of Lord Lyndhurst, be- 
fore be crossed the Atlantic' There has 
been a trial in the Prerogative Court regard- 
mg the testamentary arrangements 01 the 
late Sir Scrope Bernard Morland. It ap- 
peared that he had made several wills, but 
cancelled them all, and left one commenced 
at his death. A copy of one made in 1 788 
had, however, been found, and the question 
was whether this was revived. On the S7th 
July Sir John Nicoll pronounced judgment 
against it ; and decided that Sir Scrope had 
dSed intestate. 

George Thomas Wyndham, esq. (part i. 
. 380,) wss the grandson, not the son, of 
obn Wyndham, esq. and Elisabeth Dalton. 
His father was George Wyndham, esq. who 
died Jan. 3, 1810, seed 44; and his mo- 
^r Marianne, dau. of Col. Philip Bacon of 
Ipswich. His three sisters were married ; 
Marianne, in 1829, to the Rev. Cremer 
Cremer, Rector of Felbrigg and Melton, 
Norfolk; Arabella, in 1827, to the Rev. 
'9faw2^ Wbitefoord, Rector of Westerfiekl, 



I 



Suflfblk; and Sophia, in 1829, to the Rev. 
C. Barnwell, of Mileham Hall, Norfolk. 

In p. 16 is an inquiry af^r the Duckets 
of Wharton. She died 13 Jan. 1777, of 
which there is a report in Dodsley's Annual 
Register, p. 227, of the edition reprinted in 
1794. 

G. W. L. remarks, '* Having occasion to 
refer to some papers, the following para- 
graph copied from the John Bv/Z Sunday 
paper of the II th November, 1827, was 
among them, which, if it be correct, our 
Almanacks must be at variance with histori- 
eal feet. — ' It is singular that many of the 
Almanadcs and other Annuals mention the 
4th of November as the anniversary of the 
landing of the Prince of Orange (afterwards 
WiUiam III.) at Torbiqr- It is well known 
that that important event took place on the 
anniversary of the Powder Plot, a coinci- 
dence which excited much remark at the 
moment. Burnett (who was on board one 
of the Prince's ships) says, the 4 th of No- 
vember being the day on which the Prince 
was bom and married, he fencied, if he could 
land that day, it would look auspicious to 
the army, and animate the soldiers. But 
we all, who considered that the day followii^ 
being Gunpowder Treason day, our landing 
that day might have a good effect on the 
minds of the English nation, were better 
pleased to see that we could land no sooner.' 
—This extract accords with Ames's copy of 
the Remembrancer 1736 (now in my pos- 
session), in which he has corrected several 
errors. Should not, therefore, in future 
our Almanacks be thus rectified, viz. Nov. 
4th, K. William ham 1650, — Nov. 5th, 
Gunpowder Plot 1605— K. WiHiam III. 
landed 1688; unless the latter holiday be 
thought sufficient to be recorded." 

P. 615. Before our notice of the Fa- 
mily Classical Library, should also have 
been inserted the title of the folhmiog 
work bv Mr. Barker : « Select Orations of 
Demostoeues, consisting of those which are 
read in Schools and Colleges ; including the 
Oration of iEschines against Ctesiphon ; with 
Notes critical and explanatorr. To which 
are added, Leknd's Sketch of the principal 
Cities of Greece, and his Introductions to 
the Orations, Examination-Questions, and 
copious Indexes. By £. H. Barker, Esq. 
kte of Trinity College, Cambridge," 8vo, 
po. 276. Mr. Barker's book is an edition 
or the Greek text with English notes for 
Schools, and is quite distinct from the se- 
ries of TramlaiUms which Mr. Valpy is 
printing. 

J. W.'s paper in our next. 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



AUGUST, 1830. 
ORIOIMAI. COMIHTNICATIONS. 



(bat 



Ml. Urban, Aug, i. 

ALLOW rat 10 be amongst (he 
TutemMt in congraiiiUiJiig yoii 
upon ihe commeDceinenl of vour Cen- 
Immry, and ihcaiuinnicnt tirihin good 
aod Htecn old age, like ihe Palriarch, 
in all ihe )r!gnor of »rtngih, and with 
%h» unabaied eoergica of promiiing 
foolh. FUtterf would be a« oflemive 
lo you as unbrcomiog In me ; but the 
hoMil meed of cnnimendation may be 
•HoirablE ia one who hn been hhj 
ytvt a tender of your Miicellaoy, an 
cecMional contribuior luiii pa^ei upon 
> coouderable variety of lopiw, and 
who hal constaoily experienced and 
ObierTed your undevinting candour and 
liberal comittency, in regard to your 
litctary coriespondenu, and an equal 
■ad becoming alacriiy to review the 
>duclioai of your con teni porn rici, 
Md lo esBinine conflicting oninions 
^griUi hoDcit freedoiD, and in the true 
il of urbanity. 
' Attached ai jout Sbbility must 
i*lut*ll]r be to long citablitllcd em- 
~iini,iiid regarding A nuquity, whether 



B polllical, the moral, and the lile- 
ntj world, there ia often a wide dif- 
fercDce between altetalion and im- 
provcnsnt ; between ihe changes of 
WDovation and ibe amendoieiiti of la- 

Scily: and 1 am tute, agree wilh nie 
at II is often better to submit lo the 
coniinuaace of inconveniencei and im- 
perfections, than raihly to invade ihem, 
without »onieihing more than a bare 
chance of effecting real benefit : but 
your expefieocc liai confirmed ihe cor- 
tECincM of that judgmeni which «o 
long a coorie of year* has minifesled 
in the conducting of the Magattne; 
It 11 we ate never loo old to learn, so 
w« ought never to dijdain auggeiiioni, 
"tom wbaiiocvcr source derived, by 
ihich imptovemeou may be made, 
"ilh tbi* imprewioo 1 venture to call 
itcntion to one ol ihoie nu- 
circumtuiicrt tvhicli, relating 



lo a most valuable class of your readers, 
is of great Importance to the cause of 
lileralure, of morals, and of religion, 
and upon these several accounu seems 
not undeserving ^our notice as well Bi 
(Aetr re^rd : and is dictaied by mo- 
tives which are to obvious, ihal whether 
conveyed in such a manner as to make 
any iiiipreaalon or nol, will at least ex- 
empt them from the censure of being 
impertinent or ill timed. I mean ihc 
tffecli of having hy a legitlative act en- 
couraged Ike Clergy lo bicome Farmers. 
Of the wiulom which suggested such 
an alteration in the laws (very proble- 
matical at best, and respecting which 
the sagacity of many must haveantlci- 
paied at least some of ihe evils which 
nave been produced by that measure) 
it is not my intenlion in speak. Bat 
the cHecIs are loo apparent nol (o de- 
mand notice and to excuse animadver- 

Irregularilies amongsl the sacred or- 
der have been the theme of many pen*. 
Fox-hunting, gambling, dancing, and 
pugilistic parsons, and luxury, pride, 
and idleness, existing or mppoied to 
exist amongst «ome unworthv members 
of that ptoiession, and equally dluust- 
ing to the resueclable members ofit a« 
in ihe eyes of the severest or most cy- 
nical amongit (hose who have censured 
them, are hackneyed subjects : but 
farming parsons seem to have hitherto 
been deemed at least undeserving much 
severity of remark; whilst in fact, when 
vice is so nearly allied to viriue that il 
can scarcely be disiln^ulshed from il, 
it Is iKoiI dangerous, and the tesemblance 
which there is between Induairyand 
aBrlculiure, hat thrown a shield over 
Ine mischief which has been intro- 
duced by the Clericy being converted 
into farmers. I will confine myself to 
the effects produced, without adverting 
In ihe motives for such a change from 
those good old timet in which the 
Clergy foond ample employment in the. 
petfo finance Qt v\ie\i eccWA«<\c^ 
duties, w"^^ho^iv'l'Cl\WTOeii'Cw^^^■^V^*«- 



J 



100 



On Clerkal Farmers. 



[Aug. 



cular affairs. This change has pro- 
duced, amongst farmers, an increasing 
disestcem and a diminished rcTcrence 
for the Clergy. Brought into collision 
and competition with ihem, on sub- 
jects which they understand probably 
as well or better than those whom they 
had been accustomed to regard as in- 
structors, and of a superior cast not 
only of rank but of talent, they soon 
feel their own strength, and the whole 
country may be safely challenged to 
produce a single instance in which the 
parson farmer is not either scoffed at 
for his ignorance and incompetence in 
the business into which he has in- 
truded, or sneered at aud despised for 
his folly, or cajoled and cheated by the 
consent and connivance of many who, 
whilst be remained in his own proper 
sphere, were his attentive hearers, re- 
spectful followers, and conscientious 
neighbours. 

Amongst the poor, he who formerly 
ministered to their wants, comforted 
them in their distresses, relieved their 
penury, and successfully interposed his 
good offices between the harsh and 
unfeeling conduct of a brutal overseer 
and the suffering classes of his pa- 
rishioners, — the farmins parson now 
appears in a very opp<Mite light: — as 
hard a task-master, as niggardly a con- 
tributor, as severe and rieid an exactor 
of their daily toil, as the Keenest dealer 
or the most impenetrable clown in his 
parish. He tee$ his people with new 
eyes, as they do him ; and when they 
hear him, can it be expected that it is 
with equal reverence? Look at the 
condition of the land occupied by this 
new class of agriculturists. Is it im- 
proved ? On tne contrary, with very 
few exceptions, the Parson's farm is in 
the worst condition of any in the pa- 
rish. Ignorance and neglect are so 
apparent, that in his new trade he is 
the laughing-stock of all his neigh- 
bours, and instead of improving them 
by his example, he is derided as an ex- 

Eerimentalist, and sometimes insulted 
y those who might have been his ad- 
miring or ai least his well-disposed 
hearers $ who would have been willing 
to improve by his instructions upon 
subjects which he understands better 
than they ; but who conscious of more 
wisdom, in their own line, despise him 
as an intruder upon it. 

Even in some few instances (if any 

such there be) where the Parson un- 

Qt/s and practises his new em- 



plorment with |ieeuiyiary advaiHage, 
ana succeeds in skilfully cultivating his 
land, it is at the risk, nay, at the cer- 
tain^ of losing the far greater portion 
of that res|)ect which as a Clergyman 
he might have received from those 
whom he has converted into envious 
rivals and competitors : fotf in the de- 
gree in which he succeeds with his 
agriculture, he will sink in their esti- 
mation as a Parish Priest : and in the 
view of all others it is clear that the 
more he withdraws himself from cle- 
rical duties to attend to secniar affairs, 
the less he will be qualified for the due 
performance of that office which ought 
to be his sole employ meni. 

The angry feelings, the jealousies, 
the usurpation of at least the means of 

f;iving employment and support of one 
amily in every parish — which must 
be fairly calculateo upon, wherever the 
Parson attempts or pretends to culti- 
vate his own glebe, are evident ; — the 
neglect of ecclesiastical duties, in con- 
sequence of such employments, is every 
day more and more observable. I do 
not say that the farming Parson in 
every instance neglects to go to church; 
but show me the man ** whose talk is 
of bullocks," and whose occupation is 
the routine of the farm-yard, or the 
dairy, and permit me to ask for the 
proofs in his discourses of those intel- 
lectual attainments which are essen- 
tial to him as a Clerical Instructor, 
and in his behaviour, of the effects of 
that abstraction from the cares and 
business of the world, which can alone 
duly qualify him to minister about 
holy things ? 

If it were possible to contrive the 
union of more discordant characters 
than that of a cattle-dealer or a farmer, 
a Clergyman and a Magistrate, which 
is now so common amongst us, I ap- 
prehend it is only to be found in the 
picture drawn by the inimitable Field- 
ing, of his Trufliber, which even at a 
period far less |)olished than the pre- 
sent age, designedly held out a beacon 
to warn those whom it especially con- 
cerned, against the danger of bringing 
the sacrecl order into contempt, by un- 
worthily blending such opposite cha* 
racters. 

Whilst the agriculturists are loud in 
their complaints of the peculiar hard- 
ships to which they are reduced, can it 
be credited that the Clergy believe 
them, and yet themselves engage in 
farming : or can it surprise the public 



WM^ 



Church of SI. Germain CAuxttroit. Paris. 



U Urg«t IImI whilit the Cler^ Torsalie 
their calling 10 jnterrere in af^icnUuial 
moccmi, scctiri«> should incicBic and 
ibound, iairude themiclvei into ihc 
chiirchea, and uiorp the aulhority of 
teachers 1 and can il be denied ihat 
nhercTcr ihe Clergyman becomea a 
fjtmrr, hij proper province, ihui de- 
settrd, la generally invgiied by celigioui 
bi|Knla and lanlins enlhuMaits J 

The teiufior all thit will be either 
ilie (liigracr of the Enalish Church, if 
ncri Die ruin ot il : the Secay oT raiional 

Eiety: ihe deurioralion of uiotala : ihc 
■w or good niannert, Bn<i inliixUiclioii 
of tanaiiciam I or — iiuch an jinpreBsion 
upon ifac common temt of the country 

due and muderaie proviaion fur the 
Ckrgy. and *ti absolule prohibition of 
ilxit following any aeculat eniptoy- 
ment whatsoever; «o thai they may 
cultivate lound learning, advance irue 
"^ion, anil practise those duties by 
Kb ihey mny both save their own 
'i, and those who bear them. X. 
If iheie remarks are adtnis- 
'. I shall probably be<' a corner in 
'^nir next Magazine upon the subject 
of Magiilerial and EUclioneering 
Oertn ) who, if they do nut see their 
awn Ulu. are not more likely to cor- 

III them than their brelhreo amongst 
! laity. 
I 



Gultivati 



rtit. Urban. Parii, Aug. 10. 

BRIEF account of the 



L Cfaaich of Si. Germain 

e great numbers of persons, 
le lale sanguinary conflico 

r the Louvre, were promiscuously 






interred, }may not bv miipliced i 
Miscellany; as this edihee is one oi 
the tooii prominent aoLiquiiics of the 
eily, and is visited by almost every 
iiaveller who arrives here, beint; si- 
toated in i quartet constantly traversed 
by all classes. The building is not re- 
markable for beauty) and in point of 
ap-. it yields lo Si. Germnin-ilcs-Pris ; 
hut from raiious ciicumslances, it has 
excilnl more interest with the anli- 



rell a 



the r 



qiiary, 
sjicctaior. 

Had Napoleon remained on the 
ihrone of Trance, this Church would 
have been demolinlieO some years back ; 
he 1iilende<l npcoini; a road from the 
eastern facade of the Louvre, lo ihe 
Place de la BaUilU. That pinn would 
"" ■ }, M-wellt 



bellishcd Paris; for It would have lud 
open many of the narrow, fetid streets 
in the heart uf the town, where, it is 
scarcely eaaggeraiion to say the sun* 
beams never peoeiraie. A new site 
was fixed upon for a Church lo replace 
it; but the priests have hitheno had 
too much influence to allow the im- 
provement to be taken into considcra- 
lion. However, as the present King, 
Louis- Philip, is known lo palruniic all 
measures of public uiility, wr may soon 
see the laleLmiieror's plan carried into 
effect. 

The western front of this Church 
looks on the bejuiifut faiade of tha 
Louvre, and is at a sulRcieni distance 
to allow a convenient view of both 
ediliccs. On the north side is the Rue 
Chilperic! on the south, the Rut dci 
Prilrei, and on the east, the Rue dt 
PAH-re Sec. The Church, however, 
is not detached ; for houses and shops 
have been erected in corners, formed 
by projeclina pans of the building j 

fuicd memorials of ditTerent ages, ex- 
hibiting in some |iarti Ihe offerings of 
superstitious pieiy ; in others, the iracea 
of revolutionary spoliation. 

A Church was erected on this spot 
in 6o6. by King Chilperic .- it was de- 
dicated to Germain, Ihe Iwenticlh Bi- 
shop of Paris, who died in bid, and 
was long called St. Germain -la. Ronde, 
on account of its circular form. That 
BIshon had excommunicated Chati- 
beri. King of Paris, for polygamy; and 
was in such great reputation, ihat 
many persons bequeathed their pto- 

fieity lo defray the ex|)ense of Iraiis- 
ating his remains to the new Church. 
The original edifice having been de- 
stroyed by the Normans, was rebuilt 
by king Robert, in the beginning of 
the elEventh century; when it received 
Ihe name of 5/. Germain VAuxerroii, 
to diilinguish it from another Cbuich 
dedicateil lo Si. Germain. But Alex- 
ander 111. in a bnll of 1165, continues 
lo give il Ihe old appellation ; he calls 
it Monailcrium tiancti Gemani Ro- 

'Ihe Church at present consJ^ils of 
some portions of tiiat erected by King 
Robert, with additions and reparations, 
made by the Bnglish in 1423. It be- 
longs lo no particular clasi of architcc- 
luret and it becomes difficult to give 
on intelligible account of so irregular a 
building. Viewed from iVw weu., <He 
Mt « whW poi Ai mA vck wijA^ w^ ^A 



103 



Chmrch of SU. Gemuan VAuxenoii, Paris. 



[Aug. 



the princiDBl door are three statoes; 
they stand opoii brackets formed by 
figures of deiomied animalsy and in 
the mouldings over the door are rows 
tt various little monsters. A turret of 
pbin stone work is seen on each side of 
the body of the Churoh ; and a number 
of ornamented pinnacles, on the top of 
the buttresses, with projecting spouts, 
terminating in misshapen figures, give 
nther a grotesque appearance to the 
building. 

The porch not extending the whole 
breadth of the edifice, the space on 
each side was aAerwards fillea up by 
two chambers ; one of them is destined 
for the administration of the Eucharist, 
the other for Baptisms : an inscription 
Over each, denotes the epoch of their 
erection ; the former was built in \60B, 
the latter in 1639. 

• The interior of the Church is not 
very striking : the double ailes are so 
very wide, that including the little 
chapels which encircle the place, the 
body IS not more than l-6th of the 
buifdins. The pillars which support 
the roof over the ailes» are round, and 
very massive in proportion to their 
height ; a few of them have mouldings. 
The absence of a gallery above tne 
ailesj has caused the windows to be 
very lof\y ; although of equal height, 
there is a great want of uniformity in 
them, whicn is the more conspicuous, as 
tome are ornamented with stained glass. 

* This Church was for a Ions time 
collegiate as well as parochial ; but the 
repeated disputes between the incum- 
bents and the canons, induced the Psr- 
Kament to unite the chapter to that of 
N6tre Dame. Many persons of emi- 
nence have been buried here; and it 
hat often been selected for the delivery 
of faneral orations in commemoration 
of persons who have died elsewhere. 
Amonj; otheis, the Chancellor Olivier, 
who died at Amboise in 15^0. It was 
die bell of this Church which gave the 
signal for murdering the Protestants, 
in 1572; and during the revolution 
which took place last month, the 
Church was used as an hospital for 
those who were wounded in attacking 
the Louvre on this side. 

' There are a few monuments in this 
Church, which are interesting as xYtt 
wrecks of other days. In a little chapel 
in the sooth-east comer, are twosutues, 
about the natural siae, which repre- 
•mt two individuals named Stepoen 
^Mfe, father aad ton, who both filled 



the office of Chancelkir of France. 
The figure of the father is in a reclining 
posture I the inscription states that his 
heari was buried there, and that he 
died Dec. 1 1, l636. The other figure 
Is kneeltne: he died Oct. 26, 1877, 
and according to the inscription, his 
body was interred in that cbapeL Both 
these monuments were restored in 
1898, by their descendant, the Marquis 
d'Aligre, peer of France. 

In a chapel, nearly opposite, are 
two statoes, two busts, ana a long in- 
scription on black marble. They are 
memorials of the Rostaing family, and 
were restored in 18S4, by the present 
Marquis de Rostaing. The busts and 
the inscription were formerly in the 
Church ot the Feuillanltf the statues 
were in this Church, which contained 
the tomb of the elder branch of the 
family. 

TKere are also a few tablets inscribed 
with the names of persons who have 
died since the Restoration; in parti- 
cular a marble stab to the memory of 
the Duke de Riviere, governor of the 
Duke of Bordeaux : he died April 21, 
1828, and is buried at Bel- Air, near 
Bourjf^es. The inscription is surmount- 
ed with his arms ; which being only 
in outline, do not sufficiently indicate 
the blazon: they are paly of'^six, over 
all a chevron. 

This Church was outside the city 
until the reign of Louis- le-Gros, who 
built a wall to protect the northern 
suburbs of Paris. Philip Augustus, 
in 1190, built another of more sub- 
stantial materials, and coroprisinff a 
more extended circumference : it left 
the bank of the river at the spot where 
the Pont det Arit now stands, and 
passed direct to the Hue St, Honord, 
Where a fortified gate was erected, near 
the present site of the Oratoire. 

Those who desire more information, 
are referred to Felibien, Hist, de Paris ; 
Dulaure, idem ; and Jaillot, Recherckes 
critiques et historigues tur Paris. 
Yours, &c. ^ W. S. B. 

Mr. Urban, Aus, 10. 

THE following lively letter from a 
medical student at Paris, relative 
to French manners and customs, will, 
I tmst, amuse your readers. 

A C0RRB8PONDBNT. 

Mt own avocations take me firom 
half past six in the morning to ftvt at 
night. I have three subjects now in 



Parisian Uiuaun and Ctitlomt. 



ibm (hilliup etch, and which would 
>i (his moment coat in Lonilon 20L 
«*ch. 1 »m cng*grd ai Liipone'i (qu. f) 
cUm rvprj morning. It is a complete 
butcbrr'i shop, where llie iludenls are 
like btiicliera appienticcs, Euiting off 
kgf and arm>, anil praciiiing ihe art of 
caning in the highest (tjle. Each 
opcrjticm ii cxhibileit three limes lo 
the sludenl, and pcrrormed twice bj 
himtclf, under ihe lupeiintendence of 
a whole companji of surgical dcmon- 
sinton. In London operations are 
only exhibited twice a yrar lo the ilu- 
denl, and he ha* never an opporlunily 
of prrforminz ihem himself on the 
dead body. Hereareinslilutions wilh- 
oat«ndatid withouiexpeuie. Leciures, 
colleges, museum], libraries, abound of 
the ler; tim deacri])iion on the lame 
term*. The anatomical models in wax 
are id like ihe human bmly ai icarcety 
lo be pronounced aniUcial. Thii ii an 
an not praciiaed in England. Books 
•n MIC quarter the price of English lite- 
tatarc. Manuals and small eocyclupie- 
dia* abound, on cookery, women's 
dras, the scienccK, and rvrry Iking. 
There arc manuali on every art of life, 
three and fout frattci each. 

French prices are these: cut glass, 
and gla» moulded in the most elegant 
forms, for drinking cups, \0d. lo It. 
each 1 boots 1S>., iTioes 7i., n coat \l. 
lOi., ironsers 13i. lo \ii., hals lOi. 
to tSi., board and lodging Tram 3t. 
M 4J. ■ monlh. I dined veitcrday 
a( one of lh« principal Cafik ' We had 
one buttle of Burgundy, one of Chab- 
lis, (the bed of all the white wines by 
the bye), two bottles of Champagne; 
tortle, pease, and maccaroni soups, one 
pl>l« each ; beef-steaks with delicious 
grsty'Saocci mullon, ragouts, poultry ; 
two deliduus dishes of hot pastry, 4f. 
each for a company. I dined in the 
Buulevanl) Italienne on Sunday, at an 
£oglith chophouae ; roast beef in ex- 
oni, plum pudding, half a boiile of 
',, • Urge glass of hmndy punch, 
1. id. — Casts' thops are very thick. 
r friends, the heathen gods, sell 
« at any price, 
Llfoiy should come here, she 

floors, cat like a tessellated 
■tnent, oi of bricks, gliiteniug with 
lik« Roman pouery,twohand-dogi, 
a wooden hre ; high rooms, with 
I tiful ceilings, fine mahogany futni- 
, lioge glasses, a iptatdid lijnc' 



epai 



if glass, bui no carpets, i 
You may die in the night ; n 



1 




a soul would know of it ; huge siair- 
eaies, horribly dirty; great folding 
^aled, and a porter lo let you in and out 
into the street. She would learn in s 
French kitchen, instead of keeping up 
a fire a yard hiah and a yard long all 
day. ihat a small square machine like 
a tabic, with four hiile iron cavitiet 
grated at boiiom, containing in ettch 
cavity a liiile charcoal, will boil hat 
pou, kettles, or any thing at one time, 
ibr one fiftieth whol the boiling in an 
English kitchen cost* per week, and 
■ervcafamily of twenty people. She 
will also lind that no hres of wood or 
coal are ever kepi for servants, and that 
a Joint of meal ii roasted thus : a ma- 
chine, like a Dutch oven, with small 
bars, ia filled with charcoal, and put 
down below a chimney without a 

fraie, and a joint, &c. ia pui on a spit 
efore ii, and roasted ; and when the 
cooking it over, ihe fire and roasting 
machine are removed. At dinner shs 
must take ihe middle of the table, anil 
you, her husband, the oppotitcsidc. If 
five couries come on, one cornea al a 
lime, which is one dish only, boiled 
href par exrmplt. She woula chop up 
ihc beef, like the bread in England, in 
one dt*h, and send the dish ronnd } 
then each dish must come back again 
for the gravy. So on with ihe turkey, 
&c. Fish is about the last thin^. In 
a leg of mullon, the ihank bone la left, 
covered with a tine piece of paper 
around it, cut out like papers round 
mould candles, for a handle lo hold (he 
_|oint by when carved. Salad, all float- 
ing in oil. In the evening she would 
be eipeclcd logo (oacafii; never drink 
lea at home ; for instance, to ihe Caf^ 
Sauvage, where, while she sipped her 
cofTee, a man, dressed like a savage, 
would dance, beat a drum, and knock 
a lot of bells about, like a Kedlamite i 
or 10 the Caf^ du Pays, where she could 
see a stage and a play going, whilst ■ 
hundred tables would Ik hllcd with 
companies drinking lea, coffee, &c.and 
noblemen, genlry, loose women, rogues, 
all in (he same place, all in hiah glee, 
with newspaocri, langhter, and lots of 
converse. If she kicked up any mm, 
(he ^eni Sarmei, or a tile of men in 
lich blue uniforms, B[anding in every 
corner, would march het off »v &t 
poiol of ihe b&joatv, ^aeVHUa V4n> 



104 



jincimi Tapesirff at Bamkurgh Castle* 



[Aug. 



files. la the evening she must go to the 
theatre, and form one in a oueuet till 
the doors are open ; that is/tne people 
draw up in two files, which sometimes 
surround a whole theatre, and when 
the doors are opened, they so like peo- 
ple into a church, when following a fu- 
neral. She might come out, and leave 
a handkerchief in her place, and no 
one would take the place or the hand- 
kerchief. On Sundays, she would be 
expected to go to a bal masqui, in a 
black mask, or dressed in men's clothes, 
and dance ; or she might choose to play 
at cards, ecarth par exempUf or she 
might go to a table where four stran- 
gers were playing, put down her five 
shilling piece on one side or other, and 
only ML If she stayed after twelve 
o'clock, the gens-d*armes would step in 
and clear her out with a drawn sword. 

Mr. Urban, July ig. 

IN the Court-room of Bamburgh Cas- 
tle, in Northumberland, there are 
four pieces of tapestry, which are un- 
derstood to have been brought thither 
from the Deanery of Ripon about forty 
years since. They are of considerable 
dimensions, the two largest measuring 
16 feet by 8, and containing several fi- 
gures as large as life. The colours at 
one time have been extremely vivid, but 
are now faded in some degree from age. 
Upon the whole, however, they are in 
excellent preservation, and exhibit such 
correct drawing and good composition, 
that it is evident x\\fi paintings or designs 
from which they were worked must 
have been the ptoduction of no com- 
mon master. The first of the series I 
imagine to represent the Emperor Jus- 
tinian, seated at a lar^e table, and en- 
gaged with his commissioners in form- 
ing the celebrated Digest of Roman 
law. A remarkable figure standing be- 
hind his chair may probably represent 
Trebouianus. Two of the lawyers are 
in oriental costume, and one of the two 
may be supposed to be Basilides, who 
had been Prefect of the EasL In the 
second, the Emperor is seen advancing 
in royal apparel to an 0|)en temple of 
Janus. Slaves newly manumitted are 
crowding round him, and kissing the 
hem of his earment. Other persons 
are also introduced as spectators of the 
scene. Justinian may here be con- 
iectured to be in the act of proclaim- 
x£^ iiDiiiediately after one of the great 



victories gained by Belisarius, the e/er- 
nal p#ace— which by the way lasted two 
years. 

The third is a coronation. The Em- 
peror kneels on a cushion, with his 
sceptre in his right hand, while a 
stately figure in a scarlet robe is placing 
a crown upon his head. Before him 
stand two Flamens holding an open 
book, on which may be distinguished 
the words Lex Romanor. 

Between the priests and the Empe- 
ror lies a naked sword wreathed with 
olive on another cushion, and beside it 
a kneeling page throws the light of a 
torch on the open volume. This trans- 
action is represented as taking place 
at night on a terrace, sud the populace 
are gathered together in a court below. 

In the fourth piece of tapestry, Jus- 
tinian appears not exactly in a hunting 
dress, but with a hunting spear in his 
hand, in a wild country, with only 
two attendants. He has come sud- 
denly upon two of his hounds, which 
lie dead, and apparently poisoned, on 
the ground. A chased bowl stands 
near them, and a stream of water 
gushes from a rock at a small distance. 
The countenance and attitude of the 
Emperor are strongly expressive of sur- 
prise and regret. 

As I have not happened to meet in 
Gibboii or Procopius with any circum- 
stance in the life of Justinian corre- 
sponding to that which is detailed in 
this picture, I should feel much ob- 
liged to any of your correspondents 
vvno may be able and willing to throw 
light upon it; and still more if they 
could refer me to an^ engravings, etch- 
ings, or paintings, in which the sub- 
jects alluded to are treated in the man- 
ner I have described. I may add, that 
the features of the Emperor Justinian, 
and such portion of his costume as ap- 
pears on medals, are faithfully copied 
m these Tapestries. 

Yours, &c. W. N. Darnell. 



R. C H. will be obliged by any informa- 
tion respecting some ancient customs per- 
formed at the birth of Henry Greene Lord 
of Warminster, bom at Stebenhethe (Step- 
ney), 1 1 Hen. VI. He wishes also to learn 
in what work tbey are recorded. 

Any information respecting the pedigree 
of Hervey of Highworth, co. Wilts, will be 
esteemed a £svour by ANTiQUAaiua. 



i 



* • 

ft « 



»89ttl 



Cfimth (if T^bnt Ewpia, fPiitt. 



105 



AN, Aug. IS. 

have or lile favoured iii 

Icwi of many of th« new 

I an J (iMf llie MelrO|iolii, 

llOp«yDii wiJI oblige mc by IniFriing 

^iewr ofih* Chnrch of Trflbot Bwyat, 

L' Will* f .« P(. /.;, one wbich for 

mI nrxinm aori inirrnnl bE^uiji 

'ir In nioit of ibc Chnrcbr^ in 

t of Englinii. Tdis church 

' ' en rebuilt, amJ ihe lower 

^hyibe exertions of J. T. 

MP.HiS:P.S.A.tbelonlof 

. Rid {Nlron of ihp Church, 

Weoiitnbuiionsnrhii frienili. 

B engraving WM niRiIc, Mr. 

1 ciiminucil 10 improfe ihe 

of the Church, by raising ihc 

I a few f«t of (he 

rhrof ihcnave, andbyailcOiig three 

HkOUtTe/otU belween ench |iiiinacl« 

'"u'lotvoT ; anil Mr. Maync hai in 

M npUiinii ID add alxi a spire. 

{^•Tribnt Enyas i< in the HunilrcJ of 

^' Ffb, CO. WilW. The parish 

. oF about ;00 aores, anil ii il- 

n a pltasani letired valley, near 

c-niffipikc roail.froiii Hiiidon to Sa- 

^(y, frdni which city it is distant 

[ The rreertonc quarries al ihe verge 
tl\VniftiitK supplied ill a Kfal mea- 
— - -■- - lane-foi Salisbury Catheilral, 
I thirty seres of Und having 
■I'lled for thai pur|>ose, and 
le (luarries hue *u|ipJ<e<I the 
Mfar.ihe ble rebuilding oi Tffiont 
EwjM-Owrch, 

Tht •Jdinoii.il nnme of Ewyfls wo* 
6tji*ti fibin a (ormrr pouetior, who 
miajtA also ihe bitrony of Ewya* in 
Herefordthire. The diaLingtilnhed fa- 
niihe* of 'Tre(ti>i and Htiiiry were 
luecessvely loidsoriliii parish. Wild 




pMMd to Si I Tlx'i 
fint'«p|)oinied 
of Comnons. 



t HiisBCy. I 



Cresentj H, Ivy, Esq. in black armour, 
is head resting on a cushion, and 
his feet on a liou couchant. The other 
i»o figures repieient hii sons Wil- 
liam and Mailhew, also habited In 
antiour, with trunk hose and large 
tuffs round their nceki. All three 
have been painleil, but the legs of all 

Above this mnnumrnt, but forming 
« pnri of it, are the arms of Ley, vis. 
Ar^eni, a chevron between threo 
wolves' heads caboshed Sable, langucd 
Gutes; impslin';, Argent, two chevroni 
S»Ne,alabcl in chief Vert. 

Beneath, on .1 tablet of black marble, 
is ihe following intcriplion : 

" D.O.M. S. Hie nqiiietcunt ia morfe 
HcHBtci Ltv, Arm. Fsliquiv, qui ■■ vetari 
LivoRUM proupil in igro Devon nriiuuliu, 
» Dyoniiil da St. Msjns, coDJugs, DUmgro- 
ssfii digaiorli lexus siucfipit praps^iaem. 



hie 



- imagint 






rnueb.GhiefJuiiJce 
ill. and Lord llifh' 
1..I, The Karl died 

JM, and was liuried 
I-. where a stately 

■■■,1 lo hi)i memory. 
.1 Teffdnt F,wy»» n 

in tecumbenl pos~ 




<>•»), Johionan. 

1t» in><^' Jacobum, Malbrlgi Cnnitem, 

AngliiB ThuBDruiuid. ObUc a natl lalate 

W.0.LI1111.. Jtmli Tit." 

Al ihc Wesl end of this monument. 
beneath the heads of the two lower 
figures, on black marble tablets, are 

•' WlLLIILMUS L»T, Arm. octogenario 
IBijor It Calebs, coin idlit, er» Chriit. 



oval shield, sie ihe ain.s ol 
mounted by a helmet, the cic 
off. 

On ihe Sonlh aide of then 
ore three oval shields, the first display- 
ina ihe arms of Lev, the other defaced. 

In Ihe time ofChailes II. the manor 
of TcfTont Ewyis was in [kisscslicii of 
the Ash funiily; they sold it in 1G79 
10 Chrisiophet Mayne, Esq. ancestor 
of the present poisessor. 

Of the fimily of Mayne, a full ac- 
count and pedi;;rcc may be seen in Sir 
R. C. Hoare's History of Dunwonh 
HiindiB.1, pp. 111. 112. Theli.esof 
(WO eminent ecclesiastics of this family. 
Dr. Jasper Miyne, and Alexander 
M»yrie, are recorded by Wood in his 
■' Aihenas Oxonienses." 

In the sepulchral vault at TeflTont is 
a handsome cetww^^, etMMA\»j\». 
brill, ttie lasi Cownww (>it>u.twioTOk\4, 



Walk ibroui^h ihe Highlands.'^hUmd of Slaffa. [Aug. 



lOf 

poiy daughter of Samuel Raymond, of 
B«lchamp Hal), co. Essex, to the me- 
mory of her Brsi husband, John Mayoe, 
£aq. of the Temple, barrister at law, 
who died anno 1786, and to the me- 
mory of the Mompesson, Waldron, 
aod Batt families, successively inter- 
married, and who with his kindred 
and relations were buried underneath. 
There are also three other moiia- 
menU to the family of Mayne, the in- 
stcriptions on which will be found in 
Sir R. C. Hoarc^s •• Historv of Dun- 
worth Hundred.*' N. R. S. 

Walk through the Highlands. 
(Continued from Pari i, p. 004.) 

WE had now madeconsiderable way 
towards the island of Staffa, the 
object of our voyage, when we first 
discorered a very handsome and^ gal- 
fant wherry aclvanciug majestically 
with all sail towards the same destina- 
tion. We rejoiced in the prospect of 
^mpany, with whom, as the day was 
DOW delightfully fine, we might explore 
the cavern wiih advantage. We were 
considerably ahead, and landed first. 

This process was extremely trouble- 
tome, for though the boat was drawn 
well up to the shore, yet the way was 
rough and difficult, lying over the 
broken and very uneven columns of 
basalt, lately washed by the ' waves, 
covered over with slime and sea weed, 
atui extremely slippery. We were 
moreover benumbed with cold, and 
far from having the perfect use of ei- 
ther our hands or feet, which were 
also cramped from our long confine- 
ment in the boat. Our advances there- 
fore were slow and awkward ; but the 
road, as we ascended from the sea, be- 
came less slippery, and, with the as- 
sistance of our guides, we speedily ar- 
rived at the Cavern. 

The swell and the surf were on this 
occasion so violent, that there was no 
possibility of entering the cave in the 
boat. We had, therefore, with the 
aid of our boatmen, who were ex- 
tremely careful and adroit, to penetrate 
to the end of the cavern on foot. 

We had scarcely entered its moutb» 
ere it required the utmost care and 
considerable coolness to advance. The 
ledge of rock which supported our 
steps was extremely ruggeo, and some- 
times slippery; in some places fright- 
/uJJy narrow, and with but a very mo- 
fferste portion of light. In one parti- 

r /«// t/jerc is scarcely room for 



one foot, the portion of rock not being 
the width of a shoe-sole, and here, 
unless supported by the boatmen, who 
know the path well, and creep down 
below, there would I conceive be an 
absolute necessity for retreating. 

The nails of oor shoes, from our 
DOW extended peregrinations, had been 
worn completely smooth, and we felt 
our footing very unstable. One false 
step would have precipitated us over 
sharp and rugged rocks into the tea, 
roaring at a great depth below. A 
person whose nerves were not tolera- 
oly well strung, would feel himself iq 
a very unpleasant situation, and, upon 
the whole, I think the way is not with- 
out danger to those even of the coolest 
tem|)erament. Certainly it was a path 
I should not like to tread a second 
time ; and this same step before men- 
tioned has I understand deterred not a 
few from encountering it once. A- 
mongst the rest oor boatmen informed 
us that the Duke of Argyle, on a late 
visit, chose rather to swim into the 
cavern, in which exploit he was ac- 
companied bv Staffa, the proprietor of 
the island. For my own part, I was not 
sorry when I once more saw the light 
of cfay on the outside of the cavern. 

We remained a considerable time in 
absolute astonishment, under the im- 
posing roof of this stupendous edifice, 
Duilt without hands, and in which the 
sound of the hammer had i»ever been 
beard. The entrance is spacious, 
broad, and lofty. The sides and roof 
are composed of the basaltic pillars 
before named, ranged in the nicest 
order. Below u ihe sea,-— at the time 
we were there of the most beautiful 
green ; the sides and further end of the 
cavern edged with foam. Altogether 
the appearance is wonderfully impos- 
ing; something of a tupentitious dread 
creeps over the beholder, and the cave 
itself appears 

*' awfbl at the consecniad roof, 
Rc-aoboing pious aotheros." 

Looking outwards, you have a very 
extensive and moat magnificent view 
of the surroanding ocean, whose waves 

S their sullen roar delight and elevate 
e mind, and force it to look up with 
wonder at the works of the great Ar- 
chitect of all things. The most indif- 
ferent observer must I think be stricken 
with the moving scenes around him, 
and go forth from their contemplation 
humbled and subdued. Finally, the 
magnificence which here m&ets the 
eye, and of w\i'\cV\ 1 ^auOi w^^tVC ^.Uo- 



^her Dnabli 

idea, is Dol to be cnncrivcil b; Indi- 

«ldu4l> trho have not ihcriiiclvei vtsil- 

^ «d ihe ipot ; in attcmpling lo tJelintaic 

{'i, Itaih ihc pen and the pencil aliso- 
ulcly fill, and I can only say thai if 
e had no other sighls lo boasi of, all 
. jr piivaiions and fatigues would have 
ftjbcen Tar more than repaid by ten mi- 
f nuic* coiitcmplailon of llie wonders 
(I prnenl ihemseli 




ifalk Ihrougk Oe Ulghtauit^^ttlaad of Slaffu 



Mrong txptcsslon of melancholy, and 
his |>(ey locks waved in ilie b\ml. We 
were sorry lo see him quil his eleva- 
lion, and deactnd lo ihe level of more 
humble moiuls. 

During ihia lime I had entered into 
conversation vfiih ihe other Luird of 
Ihc party, who, plaii 



I 



. 'rfecily free, and 
had thought mir lilouiion exireuiel v pe- 
rilous. Accordingly lie congralulatcd 
uimoat heartilyonuui eacflpe. He waa 
anxiou« to litiow what we thought of 
thii boasi of his country, nnd appeared 
„ , . . much pleased vrith our uafirigiii^d tx- 

to ihe boail of the iiland above de- pressiotis of delif;hl. Shortly after this 
acribed. The piltan on the outtide of the gun wai lirnl, the 



inland itself is by no means 
taigc; it is juil luch a one as a man 
might "carry home In hii pocket, and 
give his son for an apple," yet ji coti- 
uiiu several other caverns, magnificent 
ioihed, btit all yielding in thi 



ibe cavern are also wonderfully; .. 
lag, seated on which, whiJc the Son 
>rM now blight and warm, we enjoyed 
Snrprivingly the scenery around us — 
the golden waies, the tkjes without a 
tdoad. 

Before leiiinfc the cavern the tailois 
requMled we would inscribe our natiies 
on its walls. This we attempted to 
do, though our slation was far from 
appearing pleasanil]^ sect 

palling majesty beneath i 
ngeily waicbmg every 
pen-kiiife, appeared 
liRhiedwir ■ 



igh 

all their ap- 
Uur fiietids 
otion of the 
iderfully de- 
ith the operation, and shout- 



Ihey n 



Is"*!?'"!'? 



M out the letters 
em bodied. 

Whet] this business was accomplish- 

nerged, nothing loth, into the 

] obeerveu the crew now 

the wherry apptoacbing 

r the rocks. Theyjoin- 

ve discovered that they 

^ were two Liirds, with some friends 

ftnm Eiulund— a gamekeeper with a 

ftin to ftte in the cave, aiitj a piper in 

proper costume, to make It resound to 

■ ah music One of these genth 

Mif a BKHt venerable appearai 

■iMtt gr^ hair, was clad in ine iiu 

KftMMnaf hit eonnlTy, in the bonni 

kilt. With a lonK staff in h 

li he pUcrd himself im|iosini;ly i 

■ nilcb of the island, of consideiabl 

^Armitm. and in thii his lofty itatiot 

d forth ■■ the genius of the pli 



:d magnihccnily thiou^h the rucki, 
and 81 it died away the nlper cuui- 
inenccd a pibriick. The effect altoge- 
ther was very pleasing; our remote 
situation, — the atupenduiis pillars,— 
the Highlander) iviih their appropriate 
dresses and music, — furcibly struck 
the imagination, and we almost faa- 
cied ourselves, by some magic spell, 
carried far back into the days of other 
years. 

When this ceremony was over, we 
were taftei to depart i for the day ware, 
and we had yet lo travel a considerable 
distance uicr the expanse of waters. 
We therefore bad adieu to our High- 
landers, and about two o'clock tc< 
sumed our seats in the boat. The day 
continued beautifully line, and we 
looked forward with pleasure to the 
remainder of our voyage. The iwell 
was considerable, bat il imparled to 
our boat no unpleasant motion, and 
once more the waves foamed before 
our dark prow, and we bounded lightly 
over the world of waters. Soon we 
brought to under the consecrated iborea 



of thei 



I purchase h 



c of 



ittleval. 

seals or brooches. As sunn as we had 

divested ourwivri of these imp«, we 

irarclted on.nnder the direction of our 

boatmen, towards the venerable ruins, 

iking, and forming the chief or indeed only oroa- 

ile be had an eye to ef- menti of the island. 

feet, yat his evetv action appeared al- The way Iti theu ancwnV ^\Vin-*i%» 

togelher void o/'j^taiion. iiii form ntglcctctl iint\ swatvi^'jiVWNw^^v'ni 

JBM/r. r^' '"> foudfenancc had a ilisctnctaUe twjtV^ u^wiyfttivi -nW* 



u^ 



On Creating Peen for Life. 



[Aug. 



restored to his body, or Tigonr to his miod. 
But Nature is indifferent to honours ; and 
infirmities will seize their ▼ictim, without 
considering that it was intended he should 
hear appeals in the House of Lords." 

Eren when an individual is less ad- 
vanced in years, the general uncertainty 
of life forms almost a sufficient objec- 
tion against making a Peer of a man 
with a family but no wealth; and "a 
recent instance" was memorably on- 
fortunate. In that case, 

** the expediency of placing a learned 
Judge in the House to assist in its decisions, 
was so great as to surmount the obstacle ; but 
he died before it had been benefitted by his 
services, leaving his successor without a suf- 
ficient Income to maintain a private gentle- 
man, and who has already become a pensioner 
of the crown.** — p. IS. 

The author has not overlooked the 
most obvious objections that may be 
made to his proposal. He presumes 
them to be, 

1. *'That the dignity of a Peer of 
the Realm is in its nature hereditary , 
and that, if deprived of that quality, 
the constitution of the House of^ Lords 
will be changed.*' This he affirms to 
be merely an assumption arising from 
the general practice ; but that, besides 
the precedents of creations for life 
whicn he adduces, the power the 
Crown has always possessed of limiting 
a peerage according to its pleasure (as 
in the before noticed cases of Norbury 
and Canning,and a muhitudeof others,) 
sufficiently proves that it is not neces- 
sarily hereditary. 

2. ** That creating Peers /br lift 
will tend to form two classes ofPeers." 
To this it is replied that the Represen- 
tative Peers of Scotland and Ireland (the 
latter possibly ancient, the former un- 
doubtedly so,) are already specimens of 
Peers for life. That Bishops are also 
Peersybr life ; and that, if the children 
of the proposed Peers partake of the 
present privileges of Peers' children, 
they will so far have the advantage of 
our Spiritual Peerage, whose wives and 
families have not special rank allotted 
to ihem. It may be added, that the 
tenants of old peerages wanting heirs, 
are in no better condition than Peers 
for life. At all events it is presumed 
that the learned men we have been 
principally considering would from 
their personal characters never rank as 
a despised class, whatever danger there 
may oe of that being the fate of their 

pasteriiy, if hereditary Lords, 



Thirdly, are to be considered thoae 
standing merits of an hereditary arit- 
tocracy, 

" that the living representative of a mao 
ennobled for his services becomes a memo- 
rial of his virtues, and stimulates others to 
similar exertions ; and that one of the chief 
incentives to serve our country is, not only 
the hope of acquiring for ourselves, but of 
transmitting to our posterity, the dignity of 
a Peer of the Realm." 

These advantages are not denied ; but 
in the present plan others are correspon- 
dent. The descendants of a peer for 
life, instead of becoming degenerate, at 
those of some hereditary peers, may be 
stimulated to achieve the same or 
higher honours. If fewer are able to 
transmit a title to posterity, more will 
be able to attain one. 

It must, also, be distinctly under- 
stood, that our author does not con- 
template a cessation of the creation of 
peerages for perpetuity, but only that 
none be conferred without correspond- 
ent fortune, or without those eminent 
services on which the nation, by Par- 
liament, may be disposed to confer 
such fortune. 

We have only to add, that we feel 
well satisfied with the plan recom- 
mended in this letter. It is highly 
desirable as an improvement to the 
judicial character of the House of 
Lords ; it may properly give the first 
coronet to a distinguished Senator of 
the lower house, an hereditary peerage 
following or not according to circum- 
stances; and for military or naval ser- 
vices it may take the place of that 
something better than a Baronetcy-— 
the Irish peerage; from the creation of 
which the Crown has been so nearly 
debarred since the Union, and has thus 
perhaps been occasionally forced to con- 
fer British peerages where an Irish ti- 
tle would otherwise have sufficed. 

Finally, we presume there would be 
the same moral checks to a King or his 
Minister's excess in creating peerages 
for life, as at present on their conferring 
hereditary peerages j the prerogative 
being now unlimited (as to British 
peerages) except by public opinion. 
Nor will the present Peers object to a 
measure which will so greatly tend to 
maintain the respectability and dignity 
of their order. The commencement of 
a new reign is a proper era for its 
adoption. 






••••• 
• • • 



•• •• 

• • 
• ••• 



•••• 



• »•• 



f:r 



• !• 



.•• •_ 



•• ••• 







ft« 0/ «^i(6s <*ti*y TowtT. 1 13 ™ 




Mt.UMAir, 


Juns SO. 


Ihat ;o nnhle a specimen of ilie usie 1 




Tiiwiihmdehr 


gTFl ihat I inform 


and pidy of our nnceston ii not* na 1 






leaders thai ilie 


"<oie. Hkkr* BtLtHBR. J 




m>M Uie much 


aiioiited Abbev at 






IMr (tvliich hM bcfa notictd in 


•,• Wttannei 10 our. Coit<«khkJ. 




h*' <rf ytiuf rolu 


inn) Fell 10 Ilie 


em', rcpoti of tlie M] of ihoTftWM 




Viiml n^™,! J u'L 


ock in ihe nficr- 


of Whitby Abbey, a t>,\V. ticn of it. 


^Ha 




asih ina. Thi> 


iakecialH.ii.ihj,e.rl793. fS« /</«,> 






tie y«nernblc jiij« 


t As a froniiiiilwe to pad ii. of qw 


^B ii 




t (fKhibiinl symp- 


to!. t.\xxui, IS an eiedieiW view tf 


^■*' 




■'•''"S ''"-.ry, ana- 


Itor e»3i front of Wbiiby Abbey, dr*»B 


^■'•^ 






by Mr. J. C. BiWkler, bill ihot dtw 


^■ii 




■ ike ca- 
..'.riedj 


doeinolembracelhelower. A coploiu 
accnunt of die Abbey by Mr. Bui-kk^ 


^H i^ 








-.■,iU.n. 


givon in Ihal volorae, 11.-033. will m- 
pwjede ibo necil^iy affutc[tiig on iia 






,;,«'-<ic. 






|.ii<.>artd 


hitiory oil ihc present (tccaiioD. 








In Grose'i Aiiiiqiiiliesi <vill, iv, .ire 






u. ; and 
- --.Lu,««r.d 


Ifto views of ihi. Abbey ; and in the 
Antiquarian GjbiQeriid.plilnlus view 


^Hit 








':r iu svlucJl llle 


from Lfi« N.. shunirij; Ilie ibwer. But 


H''- 




:-«mi,ino( tmi: 


Ihtbeii views of ibis Abbty are tn b» 

found rti Ibe neiv edili6n ofDugdale'i 


^ft^ 




ri) (iliw. Yonf 






.y « lUntood ihe 


Monasiicon. Mr. Coney has iheie- 








giKBo iwn bcauliful.plaic..; one an 

exietjorvievr. from tl>e N.W, rand Ihe 




::i;s(; 






other, :>n interior view locking to i^ardi 






■.V IIS pe- 


Ibo nunt. .-.nd ,.M. Thelalter form.. 






ril (jc (!(i.*cie(!' 


a ' ■ ■ : .■ , 1 fur jhe pencil. 






• innn; hnt yd, 
>iiy. ami ihal it 


ITftl-abcnry 

K- > i«.h<,-,ve„ei,3 








it Ihe lilrnt r«- 


" ■■ giciil windotv. 






* i-tVMFfy' 


»lu,..; :..:ani.ej«lvievv! 




(and.vaijaiily=Juiircdfwjhe-U!.ance 






.'.ha'pt 


of lis proporiioM},) was ibeu desunyed. 








Mr. Ure^k. • "jfa^.io. 






muofWhiiby, 


^^IIE (isbing .o«n o[„Bti.ltM. is 

J S<.-«lcd Dfl ltlS.HW*l<Tn.»IlO[E of 


■k 




«hfch ilie Ab. 






t.«l tcncnuloh. 








,>r.* lov.tr i, w 
.1 rritnri, whom' 


ll ifdividtd into livo Mrii, ihe ' town ■ 






and llM fqiiay.'. Tbi» loiter is sii... 






irtv^u nom ihcir 


ftieJ atitMI'oat ararange of bllis sur- 






Ley wff^inihe 


rounding a .m.lll bay; ihc si reels are 






.y/.nda,«.i„g' 


twrrow, and ihe.grenler. nstl of the 
house, old. ThoK on Ibe ivetl side of 










^tljjf Abbey lias- 


Ike ptineipal alreet ate mi'deiii. but 






iiiipnr(:llH and ' 


butk «[ llie haM of a laf);y liigesioua 






• :nTi) Tormcd ■ 






: '1^ Tm- 


roclr. rotmcrly a qumry, while ibeir 






..r Ihe 


gardens are pieced on itie luiiimil, and 


^Ki 




lint be ' 


.oiiiequantly long flights of slept ore 
necessary to nr.icli ihrin ( ill oiie aiglH' 






^Ki< 




: r In- l.ind or 


1 counted seven ly.foitr slepi. , ■ 
The haven is defended frwalh^vio-. 






fnl ii. <l*stn.c. 








sione piet, and is capable «r.h|JM(ing . 


^^fc 


iHTWirr ■>„. iJ-l 


ca Mgh, M<l ll.» 




•iftlf »I>«1> .1 "». 


iiiii.t«J »a. oe«rx 


A chapel of ease has be<-i"treo»ed 
ivilhia ihcst few yciii", to lUe pti,\ 




Att'tkn lo- ».t.r 








S^P, 


^^HBH 



114 



Jccount of Brixham, co. Devon, 



[Aug. 



convenience of the inhabitants ; the 
exterior is not rcinurkable for its archi- 
tectural beauty, but the interior is 
tastefully fitted up in the modern 
Gothic style, and ornamented with a 
handsome altar-piece: it aBbrds ac- 
commodation to nearly fifteen hun- 
dred persons. Here are also two meet- 
ing nouses ; one belonging to the 
Wesleyan Methodists, inc other to 
the Calvinists; the former is rather an 
elegant building. At the water-side 
is a small market- house. The town, 
composed chiefly of detached cottaees, 
extends more than a mile up a hill to 
the west; about midway through it, 
on the south side, is the parish church 
(dedicated to the blessed Vir£;in), a 
spacious embattled structure, built in 
tne style of the latter part of the four- 
teenth, or beginning of the fifteenth 
century, with red sandy stone, now 
rough-casted. It consists of a nave, 
chancel, north and south ailes, with a 
transept in each ; at the west end is a 

{>lain embattled tower, a hundred feet 
ligh ; on each side is a small circular 
turret, through which access is f^ained 
to the roof of the Church. Facing the 
south is a large porch, having a groined 
ceiling; in the centre are three figures, 
but the white washer has been so in- 
dustrious, that it is almost an impossi- 
bility to recognise for whom they are 
meant. The interior, notwithstand- 
ing its present neglected stale, and the 
numerous 'churchwardenizalions' it 
has unden;one, still retains traces of its 
original elegance. The aibles are lofty, 
and separated by obtuse arches ; the 
columns appear to have been painted 
in imitation of red marble, as portions 
are visible through the whitewash. A 
largi* old gallery stands in the choir, 
whilo a lesser, erected about three 
years since, occupies a part of the 
south aile: each transept is also fur- 
nished with one; in that in the south 
side is a wooden tablet, hearing a Iode 
Ji»t of donations to the poor, in red 
and black letters, placed there in 1692. 
The same year the Church was repaired 
and ornamented with Scripture sen- 
tences, '* when Mr. Jlobt. Lake and 
Geo. Gillard were churchwardens.*' 
The opposite gallery is devoted entirely 
to the use ot the Buller family. At 
the head of the stairs u a handsome 
old-fashioned monument : 

"Id memory of Edward Yarde, eldest 

ton of Edward Yarde, esq. of Churtton 

lCour$, H-ho Jifd at Eton School, April j* 



ISth, in the year of our Lord 1710, to the 
extreme afiBiction of his &ther and mother. 
Elieu ! quam brevis est aetas, et raraseoectua, 
Dum puer hie properat vivere, vitap«rit." 

Within the precincts of the pew is 
the following inscription on a slab of 
statuary marble : 

" M. S. Fraocisci Buller, B«roDetti, per 
pluiquam septemdece m auooa Banci Regif> 
deinde per sex anuot Banci Commuoia Juiti- 
ciarii; viri memorabilit, qui in causis dis- 
cendia acumine et diligentii, in indagamlo 
jure induftriA, et in interpretando solertii^ 
oemini ces^it. Natus in parochiA Credien- 
•it 98° die Martii 1746, obiit Londonit 4« 
die Junii, 1800» et aepultua est in coeme<* 
terio divi Audrseae prope Hoipitium Gray- 
eose, juxta rellquiai Edwardi Buller^ filii 
primogeniti.'* 

The following is painted in black 
letter on a small wooden tablet, which 
hangs loosely on one of the pillars in 
the nave : , 

"John Crout of Brixham in this eonoty 
of Deuon, y?,* who died the 80 vf July, 
1641, gaue ten shillingea yearely for euer 
to this par. of Brixham for y« relefe of ]f* 

Enore, to be |iayd ovt of on tenement caled 
llockhowie in this parriih of Brixham, to 
be distrubvted euery newerea day, by the 
help of y* chvrch wardens and oueneera of 
the poorc." 

The sounding-board of the palpit is 
surmounted by the figure of an angel 
gaudily painted and gilded, blowing a , 
trumpet. On each side the nave, iro- * 
mediately beneath the cornice, are two 
others holding shields, charged with 
armorial bearings; on one are the arms 
of Courtney, on another those of Yarde. 
The font is exceedingly beautiful, but 
the sytumetry of its ancient tracery and 
foliage is now eclipsed by modern ot" 
namenis, bestowed on it lif the white' 
wash brush ! The Scripture sentences 
referred to above are destroyed. At 
the eastern end of the south aisle are 
several monumentj to members of the 
Fnwnes family, and in the correspond- 
ing end of the north aisle are three old 
ones of the Uptons ; on the first, a lar^e 
dark coloured marble one in the fa- 
shionable form of the reign of the se- 
cond Charles, supported by Grecian 
columns, and having their arms on 
the top, are the following inscriptions : 

" In memory of John Vpton of Lvpton, 
Eaq. who piovily and rignteovsly served 
God and his Covntry, in his private and 
public station while a Ivstice of Peace, and 
jBvrgesse for Dartmovth in three Parlia- 
ments, at his proper cost and charge. 

* Yeomau. 



1890.] 



Account of Drhbain, co. Devon. 



ipiriUorCh tilt in him dill lir 




Ir John LrwnU oTMoulitj Id ii» 
'Surrtj.Rt. >i(l> vhoBi the livBd «' 

■ ■ - ■ d bj vhiiiB >!]« 

;hter; tha Got 

I TDoiSi Itie othcii, (dunted in the 

ai tha Lord, ud kept !iom the vicei of 

gmt hopct of being cmincnCljr 

-- lulj trininlinKd. djeing 



a: 



Bh like Iiim, mi 



tw (D him ihsll groir, 

j'(t thBEhcaignnC witti 

[«e." 

□ bliua ihoT ih*lt him 



I the Um Chrii 
tliOi aha departed ibi> life *t S>1> 
S«pt, ITth, and wai hero interred thi 
anno lataiii 4n, Damiai 1687." 

" Here alio Ijtt f ahnua laid Unula, 
MB fint muried to GeorRe Cierko 
I, merehaui, hj wbom ihe had 6 
Dh. le Dee. IJD9, aono at. 7B, 
^'Anliut, their cldctl ion, wai bum ai 
1 Inland, Feb. I4ih, and huryed 
March in li7KG. Arihur> iheir >e- 
, born at Lii|itaii, Jan. 0th, 1GG7, 
M •! Kigglbridge Nor. 9Bth, *ai buritd 
^ , ^e»t^. Jnhc, their third ion, born 



hIj daurhler, bon 
ll!71, rfledinLon 



Vnula, l3,r 

toB, Jao. ISlh. IflVl, i\tA in LonHoi 
•tit, and wai intirred here 
i< *ith lier lather, I637-" 
e Kcond, which 



> ymiih, whe 



nller, ii in ihe N. H. angle bctHcet) 
IP iwa windows, and contains a pom- 

a» for thirly 

II merchant. [He died 

AjuhF l66g, aged 48. 
pllii we ojiposiir angle ii the third, a 
The inscriplioD is on bruit 

["To (he preciovi memorj of John Vji. 
Munt eiceiient no earth, and noir 
IWAacp, who *aa bnrne on earth 
JDI T. 1690, and *u tranilated to hea- 
KStpLll.lGtl. 

U good OWD Ijr btrieil in thi> one. 
il IMTgh hit lift on earth not lung ap- 
jwarti, [le«r««, 

■t-dts Rood mnkea brovght forth of lunj' 



Above ihit is H liond holding a 
crown [iroceeding from a cloud, and 
underneath it ii written, 

" A crowne of righ (covin ei," 
Adjoining ii a liand^ome nioiiu- 
mem lo the incmorj of Mary, daugii- 
ler of John Souihcoi, eif). of Don- 
inoulh, who died the 4ih of August, 
1752, in the tenth yenr of her age. 
Ahure the injcriplion, an angel hold> 
in^acrown leanion a medallion pot* 
trail of ilie vouns Udy. 

On eaeh tide the entrance of ihe 
chancel is an nnclcnl loinh under a 
imall arch, which once aiTorded a view. 
of Ihe high altar lo those in the raSterD 
exlremityor ihe aisles. That on the 
south now forms a doorway, over it 
aretheletler»P.G.nnd ihe date 171O; 
the other is prifeci; round the mar- 



Aug. 



Thi 



illegible. 
s^e. 



mion-iable is corercd by 
ibroidered tiolei-colonr- 
I'iilcntly iMti of the 



f (Mtl 
: With : 



t furnilure of ihe 
riler is adorned with nautes of 
Before the lahte <in ihe floor 
>ne on which is the fullnwing : 
ii paieroent wu done in the year 



The alia 



[sdividH i. 



rat cnmparlmcnis, in which aietough- 
ly luinted lheCruci6xion, David, and 
Moic<i and Aaron. Uier ihe decalogue 
arc ihc arms of Fownes; above ihem 
is Ihe following inscription : 



it Johaoi 



. Fu« 



••(bMihtakethewho 
It br M niteiaall iplrita 
l^oh Invaahei iuto j* ch 



teoioi, da Nelhuiajr, armiget 
1730." 

Behind ihciiliar it ihe 
old register, reho>ind, a 
marks of fire.* is preserved 
tish chest. Inside ihe c 


■ooo Dom. 

dry. Au 

d bearing 
in the pa- 


•• la .ckBovledgeineal of the 
lioni of the Rev. Jainea Eyn 
Heard, Garter Prlneip»l King 


tArmi 


thia 



' Tba inlubitaaU Uoe » Ua^Atoa AiW 
tlie lo«a WBI burnt atA iht ctvaicVt ywti^ 
injured hy the FtenA, 



IW 



Brixham, to. Defon-^Invtnt'uM af-Ltttert. [Aug. 



iUgitterof Brnbam baa bean ctnfuUj vt- 
*pBred and bouod» in order to preserve a va- 
' loable record from further decay, and for tbe 
benefit of the present and tucceeding genera- 
lions. 39th January* 1807." 

The registers commence at follows : 

•Marriages, lOih Jan. 1556. Burials, 

* ]8t Jan. 1560. Baplisms, lOih March, 

The belfry is on the ground floor, 
and ^as formerly separated from the 
body of the Church by a noble point- 
ed arch, now closed up wiih lath and 

plaster. 

The ohuTch-vard is large, but con- 
tains noihing of interest. 

Brixham derives its name from one 
of its early proprietors Brithric. In 
the reiffn of 9i. Edward the Confessor 
one Ulfe or Ulphus was the owner of 
the manor, and at the Conquest it was 
granted to a Norman Baron named 
Ralph. Afterwards it became the pro- 
]peny of the powerful family of VauU 
tort, Barons of Harberion. At the 
4leath of Lord Roger de VawUort, with- 
x)ot issue, in the reign of Henry I. it 
•was divided between the sons of hit 
two sitters, Beatrix, married to the 
Lord Corbet, and Avise, married to 
•Pbmery of Berry Pomery. A fier pass- 
knz through ^various hands, it has been 
told oflf in small portions, the possess- 
ors of which ar« denominated the 
" Quay Lords." 

Lupton in this parish was the birth- 
dace of Nicholas Upton, a learned 
lawyer, and one of the earliest writers 
op lieraldry. 

Torbay, the Totonesiiim Littus of 
|bc Romans, has been^ the theatre of 
many great events in English history. 
Here it was, as we are told, Vespasian 
landed, when he invaded Britain in 
ihe reign of Claudius, A.D. 49. But 
the most celebrated is the landing of 
William, Prince of Orange, afterwards 
William IIL at Brixham, on the 5lU 
bf Nov. 1688. On his accession to 
the throne, he created his Admiral 
Arthur Herbert Baron Torbay, and 
Earl of Torrington ; but the titles be- 
came extinct at the death of the Earl. 
Mt. Dunstanville, a merchant, who 
made a tour through the South-Haini 
about forty years ago, relates the fol- 
lowing anecdote of William's laiMtirrp;, 
as told him by an ased native of Brix- 
ham, who was a child when this great 
event happened : 
As It wiiM tow water, and the pier 
noi beinf: then in e^igtcoQc, the Prince 
w»5 brought on shore on the shouIJefs 



of a sailor ; but before be pat foot on 
the landing-place (which was eoyered 
with specutors,) he exclaicned with a 
loud voice, ** Welcome or ootT* He 
was immediately answered with tbe 
shoots of the multitude, and cries of 
••Welcome I welcome l" 

During the late war, this bay was 
one of the stations of the Channel fleet. 

The population of Brixham is com- 
puted at SIX thousand. 

J. Chattaway. 

Mr. Urban, Grinuby, July 1 1 . 

IN my former communiaation,* I 
have endeavoured to prove that Let- 
ters were in use before the time of 
Moses ; and I am further of opinion that 
they were known to the predecessors 
of Abraham } for Tully savs, that the 
Egyptian Hercules^ who lived but a 
abort time after tbe death of Thoth, 
wrote tbe letters used in Phrygian. 
Semiramis, the widow of Ninus, who 
flourished about the time of Abraham, 
erected a pillar to commemorate her 
conqoests, and engraved upon it this 
inscription: '« I, reigning In Nineveh; 
made the bounds of my kingdom to- 
wards the east the river Inamane ; and 
towards the south it is bounded by tbe 
land that bears frankincense and 
myrrh."* And, as we are informed 
by Diodorus Siculus,' the same royal 
lady received letters or missives from 
an ancient Indian King, relative to her 
eastern expedition; for the Indians had 
letters from the most early times. Mr. 
Maurice thinks that the Vedas were 
written in a character which was de* 
rived from Noah, and had been used 
by the antediluvians ; and Sir William 
Jones' conjectures that the Yayush 
Veda was couiposed 1580 years before 
the birth of Christ; i. e. nine years 
before the birth of Moses, and Qiaety 
before the exodus from £gypt« 

Pliny 4 affirms that the Pclasgi, the 
founder of whom was a man in Japhet*s 
line in the eldest times, first brought 
letters into Latiom ; and that they 
were in Italy before the Lydian colony, 
under Tyrrhenus, came thither and 
expelled them.* And the'Lydian co« 
XoTij was but four aenerations after 
ilie time of Menes.* The most ancient 
Greek letters were called Pelasgic, and 

* CootlBued from p. 9. 

» Cumb. Orlg. Tract 8. » L. «. 

a Atial. Haa. vol. v. p. 47. 

4 L, 7,c. &$. . . 

» L. 3, c. 5. * CMVB\>.^tic\v» 



>.] 



On the Invenlioa of Leitert, 



117 



t Waigi were termed ill' 
jsc, *ajt Guauiiui, ihcy 
i the Gr«ckt were ihe only prc«crv 
ItktIcriarieTtlieFlaiKl. 
Mnchonialho aiiribules the invcR- 
D of letlen to Thoili the ^iiikIhiii of 
m. " Ftoin Mi>or (Mizraim)" 
( he, " cauio Taiiuiu«, who found 
I the writing of the first letters ; 
loni the Egypliarw call Thoor, the 
faxintlriatii 1 hnylh, «ikI the Gre- 
I) HetmM."' Bill Thoih dkd be- 
: Abriham <nierc<I into Canaan, 
■d eonaeaueniiy Leitfrt were bilure 
■■llmea/AbNhain- 
KTboih, howcTcr, wai not the in- 
«t of L«iler«; (at 1 think it ile- 
lUnUe Uiat he rcceited the ele- 
t t)( thii knowledge fTom Noah. 
I Sancluiniaiho himieir ciurchily 
U, thatThoth iiiiilaied the art o( 
m writing practiird hy Ouranus 
I Noah (lUiAMiifimt TC. Ojf««>) i' 
I detincaied the lacced characters 
It formed the dcnicnta of ihis kind 
■ writing. Thoih was an able rhelu- 
^i*n,' and was lurnamBtl by the 
'nek* Hetmei, for hii eminent lo- 
gical tkill. Hence he doiibile» im- 
proved OD the art which wai thua 
(omnitjnicjtei) to him by Noah; for 
Iting of ID active and enierprizing 
^Biul, bs was inderatigable in ihe 
null of knowledge I and the stores 
pTilMrning and tcience, by deep and 
"WioiM mearch, were unfolded to 
k *i«w. And ihi« has rendered his 
: celebrated throughout all the 
li loT he was the loon learned 
ioee ilui flouriihed in Egypt for 
'" " ' I gives him the 

ingly the mulii- 

only Ueometry, 
, and Mu 




t te«li6ei very it 

leilj of bii sct)uin 

f tnH he taught n 
Auninomf, Archiiei . . .._, 

hn( BlaoCheoiittry, Medicine, and the 



MS of Hietoglypii'ica. 



He ii 



r«^(i'< or pillars, and to have deoo- 

ihem in caiet near Diuspolis. 

lubicqueiiily discovered aud 

by Agaihodxmon the le- 

id Mwctiry. 

tilraniunioalabtervaiioni were found 
Babylon by Ati^xander, as high as 
" twcUe or fifietn yean after the 




in Euttfa. iTtwp. an 
VM. WHb. Di'. Ug. b. 4, 
TatWl. I da Cor. F«L 



I, p. 73. 



general dispet>ioD.» These obfarr*- 
tiooa must then have been committed 
to writing ; and Pliny': from Epigenes 
says, they were engraven on brick pil- 
lars. Thi> was many year* before 
Thoih reigned in ^ypt. 

Noah founded the empire of China, 
and instructed hissubjrciiinthit useful 
art ; and it is remarkable that the 
Chinese alphabet at this day, if an ac- 
t:uinulDtion of eighty thousand charae- 
leri may be dignified with that appel- 
lation, i«, according to the best autho- 
rities, hut a (light variation from the 
system of writing communicated to his 
immediale descendants by that pa- 

If thejK leiiinionics be admitted, it 
will appear that leltcri were praciisod 
by Noah qfler the flood ; and we may 
very_ reasonably conjecture that he was 
not ignorant oLthem Irfore that event, 
because he was six hundred years of 
age when he entered the ark | and 
there is no ekiiling evidence to prove 
that he invented iheiu afterwards. 

A learned modern author, Dr, Dnig, 
is decisive on thi) point. He ihinii 
the litlcfi of the Hebrew alphabet, 
which he considers the same as the 
Chaldaic and the Syrian, were antedi- 
luvian. After observing that " ihete 
was certainljr a tradition among the 
Jews that writing was in aDtediluvian 
invenlioo," this writer adds, " there 
must have been a tradition to the laroe 
purpose among the Chaldeans, since 
the writers who have copied from Be. 
losus, the celebrated Chaldean hitlo- 
lian, speak of alphabetical writing as 
an orf well knoien among the aitlfdilit' 
viana. According to tnem, Oannei, 
the Chaldean legislator, gave bis dis- 
ciples an insight into /W/erf aud icicDce. 
This person also wrote concerning the 
generation of maokindj of their dif- 
ferent pursuits, civil polity, &c. In- 
mediaiely before the deluji;e, lay ihay, 
the ^ Crnnu* apjieDml lo Sisulhrtis 
or Xisalhrus, atxl commanded him lo 
coHimil to writing the beginning, iro- 
proiement, and conclusion of all things 
down lo the present time, and to bury 
these accaunis securely in the temple 
of the sun at Seppara. All these tra- 
ilitlons may be fabulous in the main; 

■I Porpb. apud SiokpKc. in Arlttul. it 
Oalo. p. I S3. 
■> L. 3&, e. 14. 
" Vid<WubnitoD'sV\»t*b*aLl^\i<^<B'v 



i96 



AUeged Matiacre ai Niimei In 1816. 



tAug; 



md her truly tmltble tnd beneroleiit dispcv: 
•Uion exemplified Itoelf in the daily pnotic« 
•f the purest virtues. 

' ** Tnb monuraent n erected in testimony 
•f the deepest affection to their revered pa- 
rents, by Elizabeth Juliana Newdigate Lnd- 
ibrdChetwode, Frances Milliseot Newdigate 
Lndfbrd, and Mary Ann Astley, their only 
children and coheiresses, A.D. 1829." 

Mr TI*nAv St, Servan, France, 
Mr. U»BAK, June 29. 

IN perusing an historical work of 
tome merit, CBelsbam'a History of 
Great Britain from the Peace of A- 
miena), I was painfully suprised to find 
the reltgiont distiifbanccs which took 
place in the Sooth of France in I8IA« 
sot only exaggereied hot greatly mis- 
represented. 
* Mr. B. says, 

*' The Protestants, known as the lealous 
friends of the Revolution, and much &• 
voured under the late reign, were exposed to 
every species o( vexation, ndt to say perse- 
cution." — vol. n. p. 143. 

** Thus was France left without defenoe 
(by disbanding the army), and great con- 
cision ensued i particularly in those depart- . 
ments where the Protestants most abounded; 
and at Nismes a sauguinary soene took place, 
which revived the recollection of St. Bar- 
tholomew." — p. 180. 

Soaae partiality may be excoted in 
ao author whose prepossessions are not 
dtsgnised ; but troth can only be ascer- 
tained by hearing both sides. Yon 
dmibtless remeromir, Mr. Urban, the 
-ferment which those troubles excited 
in England, and Justly so, if the repre- 
sentations made of them were correct. 
As an instance of different opinion, it 
may be recollected, that the Rev. Sir 
H. W. Moncrieff advocated earnestly 
the cause of the Protestants, while 
has son*iQ-law Dr. Stoddart dented 
that they had suffered 00 account of 
their relt^u. 

I solicit the attention of every can- 
did reader to the following passage, 
taken from a zealous and uncompro- 
mising Protestant : 

** hn vicissitudes du Chrbtianisme dans 
deux de ses crandes divisions, le Catboli- 
ctsme et le rrotestantisme, s'anrAtent, da 
moins en France, i IVpoque oii I'^lit^ 
civique fut proclam^ dans ee pays. Le 
massacre des protestans de Nismes en 1816, 
ne pent 6tre regards oomme VtStt d*une 
animosity rellgieuse. Les assassins ne fu- 
rent guides ni par des pr^tres, ni par dea 
pr^icateurs; iJs ne faisaieat point partia 
^'uae anm/id^; «e o'teit pae dM h^rtftiqoes 



2t*ils voulaient frapper ; le nfot tkMsie ne 
t pas [une seule fois pnmonc^ pendant lea 
troubles saoglans do midl, dam Icsquels it 
ne faut voir qa'uoe de ces reactions poli- 
tiqaea dont les inst^gatenrs rest^ dans I'om- 
bre avaient peut-^tre plus d*un motif." 
•— Meiners, Histeire de la Reformation, 
182ff, p. 184. 

I consider this writer the better au- 
thority in such a ease, as he is by 00 
means disposed to exculpate the Ca- 
tholics on otiter occasions. Excepting 
a few inaccuracies, there is no history 
of the Reformation more worthy the 
perusal of literary men, as its effects on 
science and politics are ably traced out 
in this volume. 

Yours, &e. CrowsLt. 

Mr. Urban» Retford, July 3. 

TURNING over the other day the 
leaves of that important and va- 
luable depository of the public records 
of Great Britain, &c. called Bymer'a 
Fadera, 1 found (in the underwritten 
words and language) an atleetalion by 
King Edward ill. that a woman com- 
mitted to prison for the murder of 
her husband, subsisted in the said pri- 
sonjbriu days without eating or drink- 
ins, and his pardon granttd to her ia 
acknowledgement of the miracle. 

At present I shall forbear to make 
any observation on the superstitious 
crrauliiy' of a Monarch so renowned, 
and whose memory is so justly dear to' 
the English nation, but shall be happy 
to learn from any of your correspond- 
ents whether there are any historical 
circomstances connected with a fact so 
exactly recorded, and so indisputable as 
the release of the murderer for the 
supposed miracle. 

Yours, &e. IiryBSTiGATOR. 

« A. D. 1857, 81 Edw. III. De snsti- 
nendp Vitam sine Potu et Cibo. Rex Om- 
nibus, 8tc. salotem. Sciatis qu6d ciun 
Cecilia (quse fuit uxor Juhannie de Ryge- 
wav) nuper indlctata de morte ipsius 
Johannis, viri sui, et de morte \\\K co- 
ram dilectis et 6delibiis neitris, Henrico 
Orene et sociis suis Justleiariis nostrts, ad 
goalam noetram Notyi^hamisB deliberandam 
asslgnatis, allooata. 

« Pro eo quod se temiit mntam ad Poe- 
nam suam extitit odjodicata, ut dicitur, in 
qui sine Cibo etPotu, in artA * PrisonA, per 
QnadraginU Dies, vitam sustinuit vil mira- 
cuii et quasi contra naturam hnmanam, sieut 
ex tettimonm accepiimu fide digfio. 
— ^^-~- * * ■ - ■ . — — .^ - ■ 

• Vide 6 Ryoer'a Poedera, p. I84 




Classical LmBATDgB.— Ob Macaronic Poetry. 

AW mall, id liu- pncdicti (!elib«retur. et dt curporc luo 

lit Muriv Mi(ri« ulterioi dud lil impetiu <HcuioDe Judicii 

um procCHlCi Hi lujindicti. In cujoi, &<:. TeiU K(|^ 

■pcciili, pordotf mpud Wettmonuterium vicuima-^uinta die 

cutiuDcm Judicii Apcilii." 

" Per finve de PiivittD SigiUo." 
Cecilii %. Priiont 



CLASSICAL LITERATURE. 

On Macahokic Pobtry. 
(Continued from pogt 36.) 

t oihct playful 

e of his symphonici a 
which are tirsl iilaycd ,_, 
, and ihen repealed j^f^^* 



fAYDN, 



:Z;^ 



compnginaium i grossum, rude, el nis' 
I'lcanuiii. ]deo Macaranica nil ni«' 
Erosiedinem, ruiliiatcm, et Vocabu- 
reziog, debet ia le conliaere." The 
luliau word Macckerone signities a 
pudding- paled fellow. Dr. Geddca 
ihe chanicteriitic of s 



Ihc difleren 



o (he pur 






which! 

>uch a) axes, altan, crones, &c. I 
may juit refer to ibe Virgilio-Cenlonea, 
where Ibc hiitory of porilons of the 
Old aiiil NcwTeilainenl are contained 
in a poem of considerable length, of 
which all Ihe lines are taken from 
Vir!:tl- There are alio Hometici-Cen- 
lonfB on the same plan. Ofihe former, 
Ihe commeticement of ihe accouDl of 
the icmplalion of Eve may suOice a a 

FortuBMi imbo, li ment nua IzriAiiiMt, 
Cuojugi* iaiuda docuit poic enitm ingeni \ 
JuB<{ae did iniudi ml> per Sor» run 
Eea>oimiciuainn,iniiiieiuiiorbibu>aDguis, 
SepCem it^eai girm leptcni tDlumins mt- 

, Mmrooic poetry re(|uires some- 
t alien lion, as it appeals to 
bire been niiicb in vociie in ine I6ih 
ITlh ecnturlei. There are lomc 
If in Baudiui, with a mixture of 
k Greek and Latin langua;^ei; and 
EmcIt bi the ISih and I3lh centuries 
'--'ntnixlures of English, Latin, and 
ich, may be found in ihe moiikiih 
ra, hut iheie cannot be inc:ludcd 
_ rth« itfm Macaronic. So Wal- 
r Mopet, and Goliai, whoevei he 
If. although great inanuraciurers ol 
■tlcMiue Latin, cannot be classed 
nih Macaronic wiiter*. Ducange 
nlioni Epiitoix Farciix, coin- 
inixrd Latin and Gallic idiom. 
mttic poeiry ia thus described by 
Ktlcngi, one of ibc belt writeri of the 
Vm : "Af» i«ta poelica nuncunalur 
\ Macmniea, a Macarunih 
1 qui MararoHi 



i but 



1 admit 



occasionally vernaculi 
in their nalive form, or with a Latin 
inflexion. Other licenses, too, are 
allowed, in ibc measure of the lines, 
contrary to the strict rules of prosody.*' 

By far the greater number of Maca- 
ronic pneis have been contineutai 
wtilersi indeed, we have but two re- 
gular aiithnra of that desctiplion, 
namely, Umminond of Hiiwlborn* 
den, who wrote Polemo-Middrina, 
and Dr. Geddes. The first writer In 
this style, of whom we have any ac- 
count, wnaTyphis Odaxius Patavmns. 
or ralher Tifi degli Odasj ; who wrote 
about the end of the 15th century, 
" Carmen Macaronicum de palaBinh 
tfuibuidam arte mag}c6 deluiU," 410, 
without place or (laic, catchwords, or 
Mstiaiurei. Of (his there were several 
editions, which are all equally lare- 

Aboul ihesame lime appeared" Ma- 
charronea varia, diversii Unguis con- 
jcripia, prseserlim Lalini, et caractere 
golhico impreisa,'' small Bvn, without 
place or date. This tare volume, 
whose author, according lo Brunei, 
was Georgio Aglione d'Asti, conlainB 
several small pieces, of which the first 
is. " Machatronea contra Macliarro- 
iiesm Bassanl ad speciabilem D. Bal- 
luurem Lupiim astin, sludenlem Pa- 
pic, Stc." The remainder are prin- 
cipally farces in Lombard and Picd- 
monlese verse. In the year l.'>l6, were 
first published at Porii, "Fiuctuo- 






Serm 



farin 



by Gabried Barletie, 

friar. Th«e are written in the lowest 

Macaronic slyle, one senlence often 

■uni quoddam eonsialingof two or ihree languages, 

caseo, bulyio and misingludictou»viwV\iei\in»v«.a\i. 



H4 



Classical LiTBRATURE.-*Greeilc Verb$. 



[Aug. 



Argan, the invalid^ is to be made a 

Doctor. 

" SaTtntUtimi Doctoret* 
Medicinae profMioroty 
Qai hie UMmbUtti «0tb ; 
£t TOt ftltri iDMsiorM> 
Seotentianim FacolUtb 
Fidelas eieciitorm» 
Chirai^gUuii et Apo^ioui, 
AtqoA toCa oompank ftuiti 
Sftlaa> hooor, et argentam, 
Atqae bonain •ppetitum." 
Sec. &0. 

This scene was imagined at a supper 
at the house of Madame de la Sabhere, 
where the celebrated Ninon, La Fon- 
taine, and Despreaux were present, with 
Moliere, and some other distinguished 
persons. Each furnished a portion to- 
wards the completion of the intermede, 
in imitation of the style of Foleugi. 

(To be continued J 

Mr. Urban, 

I BEG to solicit the attention of 
your classical readers to a very 
important Question relating to the me- 
chanism oi the Greek language. It 
is this. Are we not erroneously taught 
in our schools to conjugate the Greek 
Tcrb with two aorists, two futures, and 
the tense called the perfect middle? 
From the best consiueration I have 
been able to give the subject, I cer- 
tainly do roost decidedly maintain the 
affirmative of this question : if I am 
wrong in so doing, I shall be obliged 
to any of your readers who will take 
the trouble to point out oiy error, and 
in the mean time I will mention some 
of the reasons of my present opinion. 

I contend explicitly thqt the regular 
Greek verb has but one future, one 
aorist, and no such tense as that called , 
the perfect middle: I maintain that 
our common grammars exhibit in re- 
spect to these tenses a system of fie* 
tion, to which I know no nearer pa- 
rallel than the gibberish of the law- 
yers, when they begin to talk about 
John Doe and Richard Roe. 

Now, Sir, for the reasons of this, as 
some may think, bold, but I trust not 
unwarranted assertion. What, let me 
ask, is required in order properly to 
constitute a distinct tense? I antici- 
pate the concurrence of your readers 
in replying: "two things; 1. a difr. 
tinct form ; 2. a distinct meaning or 
force." I shall proceed to show that 
io iheBt imaginBTy tenses of the Graek 
rerd behoga uehher the one nor ihe 



other of these requisitei ; and if I can 
do that, I think joa wiH agree with 
me, that it is high time that they 
should be banished from our gram- 
mars. 

Generally speaking, Greek verbs 
have only one form of the future and 
aorist, and none of the so-called per- 
fect middle. It is impossible directly 
to prove a negative; out if any one 
believes that the active Greek verb 
uses two futures, the one baryton and 
the other perisp6men, as our grammars 
tell us, let him pull out his books and 
search for an instance : and though I 
do not say that no such instance can 
be found m the compass of Greek lite- 
rature, I do say tnat they will be 
found so very few and far between, 
that he will be convinced that they 
form no part of the regular mechanism 
or furniture of the language, but are 
mere anomalous duplicates or redun- 
dancies of formation. But here I must 
guard against being misunderstood. 
There are undoubtedly two forms of 
the future active ; the one baryton, aa 
ru4^, the other perisp6mea« as xfiN*; 
this is obvious and indisputable. But 
my point is, that both these forma do 
not belong to one and the same verb ; 
and therefore that they are not two 
distinct tenses, but merely varieties in 
the mode of forming one and the same 
tense : in the same way as we have in 
Latin different forms of the future in 
the different coniugations, amabo, mo- 
nebot regam, aumam. 

The remarks above applied to the 
future active may with almost equal 
force be extended to the other tenses 
of which I have spoken. The only 
difference is, that in respect to these 
latter, duplicate formations are some* 
what more frequent, so that it would 
be much easier to produce instances in 
which they occur. Still I maintain, 
without fear of refutation, that they 
are merely the exception and not the 
rule ; ancf, therefore, that the error of 
our grammars is great and palpable, in 
representing them as the rule and not 
as the exception. Let us take, for ex- 
ample, the case of. the Jirst and second 
aorut so called. The vast mqforitu of 
Greek verbs have only what is called 
the first aorist, which ends in », as 
nv^: a considerable number, how- 
ever, use a different form, ending of, 
as Oiopof, which is catted the second 
aorist \ and a few verbs present both 




LAsaiciti. LiTBR A TUBB^— On the rentes of Greeik Verbi. lit 



ihcK forms, as uTtiia, ixTawr, 
ihe iruth ofihls poii- 
and I believe it will bear ihc 
icl«tt icrutinji, what is the rational 
ficTCnce from it, ai regardi the itiuc- 
\te of the Gteeb verb f Is it not 
My Mi: that there is but one 
"-■ and that ihii leoie r^ubtl; and 
ly ends in b, bat that there is 
regular and rarer form in er, 
afew redundani verbi have both 
ferimt Thi» I conceive to be a view 
of iht caie as simple and Lnielligihle 
■•it M juiland true; and it is so ana- 
■" every point to what we ob- 
which corresponds 
own language, that 
forbear borrowing hence an 



^b the aorii 
^^^P can DM 
^^HDnUiaiion 



: this 






the 



m. Bui many of our older vetbi form 
their preierilc onquiie adiflcreol plan ; 
mch lie, I law, t wrote. Sic. cfiang- 
idg the radical vowels : this irrcguUr 
bna is aualogou! to the aorisl in d>, 
Lullv, vre have not a few verbs in 
which both forms are in use, as J 
hanged, and / hung i 1 calched, and / 
Mwgklt 1 beieecked, and 1 besought; 
I tM, and / ckidcd; and this is pa- 
nltel to ihe exaniplci of Greek verbs 
with both forms of the aoriti. I gladly 
■vail myself of this analogy in our own 
, because it enablvs me to il- 
1 plain Ihin^ in a phi 



t that \ 






m 



let me beg your readers to remembec 
if Lbey can, a single Enffliih gramma 
-"1, who, on the ground of the varie 
anil redundancies above-mention 
. has exhibited the iiandard madi 
_ the English verb with two preterLie 
tcntn. Or what should we now think 
of itte grammar which should run 
ihns: I. pm.IJghlcd, A\o\j Jlghledal, 
ice. Sdpiel. J Jeushl, Sec. And agaiu, 
1^ Hi prel. J remindid, &c. 2(1 pret. 1 
wnot? Ridiculous m all this is, I 
not lo express my opinion 
, mutat'u mutandis, precisely 
looe in our Greek grammars ; 
it is exactly what boys are led 
Id do by ibeir authority. A boy, for 
iMUnce. is desired by his mailer (o 
, nqjugaie the verb ^iit» according to 
^ lfa« model* in hisgrammat. He soon 
(ilolst aor. <^>4> ; but how much 
41^ beller GreeJi: than J fightrd is 



English, I leave the reader to deter- 
mine ; for my own part I believe there 
i& little (o choose. Soon aTter he will 
put down perf. XfXufa, and this it ai 
much of Greek as the other. Next 
comes 9d aor, iXiirei. Very good ; ihi* 
is a real tense: it is not only the Sd 
aoriit, but the only aorist (hat any re- 
spectable wtilrr would use. Laitlj, 
and more pitiable than a wooden spoon 
at Cambridge, comes that ghost of a 
tense (he 2d future, \fsa, which is in- 
deed loo poor and harmless a ghost to 
deserve any exorcism ; it is the shadow 
of a shade. And while the lucklen 
pupil is scratching his head, and 
thumbing his grammar and lexicon in 
vain, lo furnish out all these non-enti- 
ties steundun artem, and contracting a 
growing despair of ever knowing ine 
Greek verbs, ihe tutor is pleasing 
himself with the notion of the tho- 
rouah and scbolar-like way in which 
his boys are instructed, and their dex- 
letily in climbing up a Gretk tret ! I 
must just notice (hat while the gram- 
marians have so liberally enriched the 
active voice of this verb with these 
lensesoftheir own manufacture; they 
have despoiled it of one which really 
belonged to ii, namely, its true per- 
fect, Xi>.criff>. Although the corn- 
find it turned once to the fictitious 
middle voice, in order to fill a gap in 
the ranks of thai very thin regiment, 
I will not ai present. Mr. Urban, 
trespass longeron your palience; but 
should any of your readers honour 
these remarks with a reply, I may 
probably solicit some further indul- 
gence. 1 shall, however, in closing, 
take up my position behind the autho- 
rilyof MalthiiC. He says, aher giving 
an account of the formation of the 



■■ Ther< 



Is Fcrb that hu all 
regululy bs ilcrived 
dun tliBl ft lerb hu 



or. 9 nui. and perf. 1 aod 4, at the 
ime. Wh(D it has tbHa tsnifs, they 
sonly b«li - - —- -■ - ■ - 



l<ra diffareot diilceta, oi 
)«o.l, 
ind th< 
t oldac 
,in th* 




e» I or they Iwn diJTeteot 

■ «t»fiX" in »o »cti'« 'en«, ««■»• u 

eater icdk. "— fifon/f (firi AfatCAur, p.g< 

You?*, &c. ¥\\ji».xt. 



Its 



Classical LiTERATvit. 



[Augr. 



of Phalarit Mgging his brazen bull 
t0 the onfortunaie critic, who was 
represented as exclaiming, '' I had ra- 
tker be roasted than JBoyied." Of all 
the attacks upon Bentley the only one 
DOW known dv its own merits is Swift's 
Battle of the Books; *' a piece/' saya 
Dr. Monk, *' exhibiting more than 
any other the original vem of humour 
which distinguished its author; and 
which continues to be read and ad- 
aiired by thousands who would hare 
tamed a deaf ear to the combined wit 
aad learning of Christ Church. Yet 
the greater part of the ridicule thrown 
out upon our critic, whose leading de- 
merits are represented to be tUtliness 
and haired of ike ancienia, is so re^ 
markably inapplicable, that no degree 
of humour less than Swift*s could 
make it palatable.'* 

Meanwhile Bentley remained calm 
under the pelting of this pitiless storm, 
relying upon the goodness of his cause, 
and a conviction that the public judg* 
ment, however strangely it may be 
ptrverted for a time, will at length 
come to a ri^ht decision upon every 
question. This self-command enabled 
Bentley to form al leisure a reply to 
Boyle, which by the concurring testi- 
mony of all scholars, is Quite unnvalled. 
'* The Boyleans (says Dr. Monk) had 
pursued a course calculated to display 
their adversary to the greatest advantage, 
and to raise to the highest pinnacle the 
rtpntation which they designed to over- 
turn. In their efforu to confute his 
reasonings about Phalaris, they had in- 
troduced a variety of new topics, which 
the writers from whence they drew 
their knowledge, had treated either er- 
roneously or slightly. They imposed 
upon Bentley the necessity of explain- 
ing and elucidating them; in doing 
which, he was able to develope stores 
of learning more abundant than either 
bis friencb hoped, or his enemies ap- 
prehended.'* In drawing up the an- 
swer, Bentley first satisfactorily refutes 
the bookseller's accusation by a com- 
parison of dates, and thoroughly dis- 
proves the other calumnies. 

On this work, which appeared in 
1690, Dr. Monk has the following 
able remarks. *< The appearance oT 
this work is to be considered an epoch 
not only in the life of Bentley, but in 
the history of literature. The victory 
obuined over his opponents, althougn 
the most complete that can be imagined, 
emisthutes mut m Bmall part of the 



merits of this perfonnance. Sueh is 
the author's address, that while every 
page is professedly controversial, there 
IS embodied in the work a quantity of 
accurate information relative to history, 
chronology, antiquities, philology, and 
criticism, which it would be difficult 
to match in any other volume. The 
cavils of the Boyleans had fortunately 
tooched opon so many topics, as to 
draw from their adversary a mass of 
teaming, none of which is misplaced 
or soperfloous : he contrives, with ad- 
mirable judgment, to ^ive the reader 
all the information which can be de- 
aired upon each question, while he 
never loecs sight of his main object. 
Profound and various as are the sources 
of his learning, every thing is so well 
arranged, and placed in so clear a view, 
that the student who is onlj in the 
elementary parts of classical literature, 
may perase the book with profit and 
pleasure, while the most learned can- 
not fail to find his knowledge enlarged. 
So well sustained is the learning, the 
wit, and the spirit of this production, 
that it is not possible to select particular 
parts as objects of admiration, without 
committing a sort of injustice to the 
rest. And the book itself will continue 
to be in the hands of all educated per- 
sons, as long as literature maintains ita 
station in society.** On the various, 
but ineffectual, attempts made by the 
confederates to fix on Bentley the 
charge of plagiarism, Dr. Monk truly 
remarks, that *' to this, critical scholars, 
from the natnre of their pursuits, are 
constantly exposed ; since no care can 
secure them from sometimes publish- 
ing remarks and conjectures, without 
being aware that they have already 
been made by others. Every candid 
person is slow to believe that such 
coincidences are the result of any thing 
but accident; and theft would be 
equally diahonourable and foolish, in a 
case where detection is sure, sooner or 
later, to ensue.*' 

Soon after the publication of this im- 
mortal Dissertation, Bentley lost his 
patron Bp. Stillingfleet, who, as Dr. 
Monk shows, died from long attacks 
of gout, which at length fixed upon his 
stomach, and no/, as it is commonly 
supposed, from his chagrin at being 
worsted in his controversy with Locke. 

Bentley was now left to enjoy the 
triumph of his learning and sagacity, 
to which even the most averse were 
compelled to pay homage : and, what 



Bp. Monk't Lift of Dr. BenlUy. 



^m 



wstlill more imjmrlalilTUuUor bii 

tok, Ije huJ >ileiici.'il and giul inihAiiie 

■Jandetoui aiiicki inailc upon his 

metrf. V\>aii the variguii muiirti 

niplcie lUil liniili aiiii he 
uj><lii|julnl )»>Hianon of 

e field i DOT " no one of ihe ronrc- 

itiacf, Hyt Ur. Monk, ever a^nln ajv 

"•/nl bciure iWe world «« a Critic," 

It he forgets the bhorl review of llie 

^IBMo*etiy between Bvntleyand Bovie, 

|BUi*hcJ in I7U4, «nd which he hiiu- 

^r h&t been tlie ooly oiii^ lo imticc. 

, Jl tvai Dot long before Dr. fienlley 

^Wiecl the reward uf llie learning 

l gealm shown in bis imniurial 

•cfUtioUf by hcin« ^ruinated to the 

||[uttuhip nf Trinity Cullrgc, Cani- 

ige, which being conftned ujion 

I hj ibe rccomuivn'bliiin of the 

_ il* af the Chiircli, supiiliii an une- 

■utocwl Uiliinony of ihtir hijili '<\u- 

Tbe learned Bingrjjiliei here 

sketch of the hiHoiy of the 

je (ihc tim riiiiu of ihe icforma- 

M), which rose, hcobbcnet, ui once 

u the iofaDcy lo the iiialnriiy of iiB 

X and protjifriiy, but dvdined iri 

e time of the UinrpitioD, mid was 

Hbtoo^htback to il* j)ii>i|jt;tiiy by ihe 

fOoiMUfta, The caiiui of lliu ^cc^y 

EBlncedl^Dr. Monk. "For the cure 

*'t* evils (continues he) oo belter (e> 

Mild have been JeciKd (ban ihe 

mcDl of a Master of lairiiu, 

yi.Mld reputation; anil iiicse(|uali- 

"Bjeeolred In Dr. Beiiilcyi but 

jalefialcirctimttancei were ovcr- 

ftked, Beulley had no pcct iaui con- 
O wilh the College, but waa cdu- 
'n ■ rival sociciy -, and nut hating 
II Cambridge since he reached 
d, he was uncicf(aainled wilh 
M bviineiB, umeocd in ihc feelings of 
C pUcr, and deiiiiuteorall the uecu' 
a inforiualiDn which the Head of a 
»o\ltgt ought to poiseas. Betides, there 

' (lelecti in his characier 

him a [lerion nut lo be 
l«ly iruiled with aulhorily. Hitherto 
m tetder hai seen him |iusi clvar and 
iMllied ihruugh no comnioti oidtjl, 
i put to shame the attacks of jealous 



hii own private inleretts. His first 
tici on ciiiciing iiiio the oiTtce, was nf 
a lomewliat inauspicious nature. He<l»- 
inanded l^al. which were properly due 
lo ihe last Master, who had resIgDcd, 
but wiis claimed by Bentley, on uu< 
foundttt teuaoiiBt as abo liMl. which 
bad hccome payable at St. Tliomaw 
Jay preceding but of which ihe claim 
waa, ihoiigh unwillingly, admilled by 
ihe Siicieiy. And thua an impreiiloa 
was produced utiravoumble lo the new 
hich hiiaubiequeutcon- 



n did a. 



tend l< 



ley, by ofTeriiigto 
anla the cxpeuie. 






n the ri 



tt of bis bisioiy iherc will be much 
I ttgM, aud much to condemn.'' 
k fiendey was installed Masier, Feb. 
\ l€9I>— 1700, having tirii lalten the 
~'llMalMcive ihe slalutcs, and con- 
3 benetii rjihcr tlian 



TheMaiter'sLodgi. 
noble edifice, wut in want of thorough 
repair, and Dr. fienlley, bi " 
coniiibuie lOOl. towards l' 
induced the Senior Kellowt lo agree 
ill being done. The coil, however, 
being esiiuKited \eiy Inaccurately, and 
ihc amount of the ahrraiioiis not accu- 
rately deli ned/he luial ex |)ensenmouni- 
cd lo a sum (about iGtMl.) which cx- 
ciied much di^saiisfactiaii. However, 
our Biographer acquits Bcniley of any 
bad faith in the affair. 

In ihe first year of his Mastership 
Dr. Bentley was chosen Vice-cbsneel- 
lor, according to a cintom of the Uni- 
versiiy, that the Senior in degree among 
tiie heads who have not seried that 
office, shall be appointed. Iojunel704 
Bentley was married to a daughter of 
Sir J. Barnard of Brampton, Huuit. 
"This union (says Dr. M.) was emi- 
nently happy, the lady being possessed 
ofniany amiableand valuable quali ties, 
of a culiivaied mind, truly benevolent 
and sincerely religion*. Her powerful 
connections, too, secured him valuable 
service at critical periods of hi<i life. 
In his Vice Chancelloribip, Dr. Benl- 
ley t'Bectnally vindicaied the rights of 
ihe Univeiiily againal the Mayor and 
Corporation of Cambridge, and exerted 
himself in proaioiing the prosperity of 
bis University Press, from which edi- 
lioni of ihe Laiin Classics were now 
sent forth, m also a new ediiion of 
Suidas'i Lexicon by Kuncr. In 170) 
Brniley was by the learned Bp. Patrick 
appoinicd Archdeacon of Ely, wb'ich 
nflice, besides its rank in ibe Church, 
is endowed wilh the two Rectories of 
Haddenham and Wilburton. He now 
formed ihe resolohnn of exerciung bis 
literary powers for ihe formation ofedi- 
lions of ihe Classics for the use of the 
tludcnisol his College, and commenced 
with UvTaet, «nteiii\^ \n\u i^ %tii\^ 



190 



Classical LitiftATUMi. 



[Anfe. 



ip6od«Ace with the oelebracted Graeriss 
on the rabject. " In theadmiaittration 
orhitGoll«ge(9ays Dr. M.) Bentiey had 
cradttally introduced many novel recii- 
■lationt as to the elections to scholar- 
thipi and fellowship, and in these and 
other matters of gQ\'ernment and dis- 
<«ipliney proceeded upon his own sole 
aotboritj, without seekinc the concur* 
■rSnce of the eight Seniors, nis statutable 
counsellors. And as there is no reason 
to suppose that the Seniority would 
■haTO withheld their assent from anj 
measures of a beneficial tendency, it is 
f>lain that he was influenced by a dis- 
position to engross all power/' It is ub 
'wonder that such arbitrary conduct 
should, even respecting matters praise* 
^orthv^ have leu to misunderstandings 
with tne Seniors. And an innovation 
Which he made bygiving new and valu- 
able privileges to Graduates in Dirinity, 
to the sacrifice of the interests of other 
Fellows, occasioned much dissension 
in the Society. In some subsequent 
ordinances, fientlcy was accused of 
seeking popularity among the students, 
while ne mortified the Fellows. "The 
ttet of the propriety of these ordinances, 
however (says Dr. Monk), is, that 
ihey have been maintained, with some 
slight exception, up to the present 
time ; the only valid objection to them 
lieing that they were enacted by mo- 
narchical authority.'' 

Among other causes of Bentley's nn- 
foopularity was, that having no taste 
for hospitality on such a scale as soitcxi 
his di^ified station, he incurred the im^ 
(ratatton ofmeannesii and the expenses 
of the repairs of the Lodge occasioned 
much dispute between himself and the 
Seniors. In 1704 an attempt was 
made by the advocates for Phalaris to 
UEun make head against the Goliah of 
classioal Criticism $ and there appeared 
a work, supposed to be by Atterbuiy, 
intituled, ** A short review of the Con- 
troversy between Mr. Boyle and Dr. 
Bentley." On this Dr. Monk remaHis, 
that the style is caustic and polished, 
vet the general effect is feeble, being 
little more than a repetition of the cri- 
mination on Boyle^s book, softened 
down to an unwilling moderation. 
Not long after the Lodge was finished, 
Ur, ^Beiitley enjoyed the honour of re- 
coivmg there l^is Sovereign, Queen 
Anne, in April 1705, who held her 
CottTl at Trinity College. From his 
fint epmin^; to College, Bentlw lived 
pnaeifiB))y la a knot of telcct /riends, 
ekMB^f ICuster, S/kes, aad Brookbank. 



At this period he used to pass seversl 
OBonths of the year in London, attend- 
ing to his duties as Chaplain to the 
Queen, and Royal Librarian, in virtue 
of which office he had handsome 
apartments at Cotton House. Now he 
mixed in the highest circles, and his 
society was coorted bv the learned and 
the great. About this time Bentley 
addressed to Kuster, who was then 
editing Aristophanes, two Critical 
Epistles containing his observations on 
the Pluhis and the Clouds ; and in- 
tended to have proceeded with the 
other nine plays, out found that even 
those two were too late to be incorpo- 
rated into the Commentary. Dr. 
Monk observes, that *' these Epistles 
exhibit a most lively specimen of his 
acuteness and nice perception of the 
elegances of the Greek lansuage, and 
that had he given his mind to such a 
work, no person ever lived who was 
so well qualified for an Editor of Aris- 
tophanes.*' 

About this time Bentley address- 
ed to Hemsterhuis (the founder of 
the most distinguished class of conti- 
nental scholam, and who afterwards 
attained to a rank second only to Bent- 
ley) a " Critical Epistle on Julius Pol- 
lux," which Hemsterhuis was then 
editing. This masteriy production ope^ 
rated so powerfully on the mind of the 
young Dutchman, that he determined 
to abandon his Greek studies alto- 

f;ether; until he reflected how unfair 
t were to compare his own iovenile 
performances with those of the most 
consummate Critic of the a^e. 

An increasing family now induced the 
Master to take three or four vouna men 
of rank as boarders at the Lodge. They, 
however, only continued one year, Benb- 
\ej finding that attention to them absorl>- 
efi too large a share of his literary leisure. 
It Was indeed little consistent with his 
dignity, and exposed htm to obloquy, 
as this addition to his family increased 
the consumption of bread, beer, fuel. 
Sec. which are supplied to a Master of 
Trinity by the College, without limita- 
tion. Dr. Bentley now made great 
exertions to raise the character and im« 
prove the buildings of his College, by 
building an Observatory, founoing a 
School of Natural Philosophy, and re<* 
pairing and refitting the Chapel upon 
a magnificent plan. The execution, 
however; of these works, brought much 
distress on the Fellows, which contt* 
nued for several years. This extra^r- 
dioary cbargi^ upon vVit College led the 



Bp. Monk't Lift of Dr. Bealley. 



Uuicr to luro hii mind lo iitiprovJDg 
il* reTcnoci, and cconoinizinf; in orili- 
saij mpcDiliiure. Hn inea>ur«* were 
macijr d ihcmjudiciom and cHective; 
imt tlioie which rctpcclcd domalic »• 
^niliturf(e*p«oiill)'>sBcntleyde9crnd- 
eil 10 3 loo niiDule economy} riiciied 
aiueh odium, anil occasioned evils liltle 
leu than ihotc which were tcmedinl. 
la the rierctic of that absolute autho- 
nly which he took to hitnseir, the 
Maalcr now expelled two Fcllowa 
without any regular trial, and others 
he ynit out of cominonB ; and even il- 
■einptrd (but without success) tii de- 
prive the Fellow* of their Combination- 
Mom and Bowling-areen. Bentteywas 
an applicaot for the Biihoprick ofChes- 
Uf ; out was frustrated m his endea- 

In 1707 our Critic contribuled a 
very valuable body of antiolationi on 
Cicero's Tuscu Ian QiitstioDS> and gave 
•MMtance to Mr. Ncedhatn in his edj' 
boa ofHierocles. 

In the year nog the Matter entered 
into mucn dispute with his Fellows 
MtpectitiR the emoluments of the 
Mastership, and propoied to receive in 
bet) of the customary, and in some re- 
spects volaniary, allownncn, a certain 
nud lum. But after using vnrlous 
^^^^thods 10 effect his purpose (forming 
^^^Scnny aniODg the Fellows), he was 
^^HUtKol to abandon the whole scheme, 
^^■b* the poaiiive rejection of the Seniors. 
^^UVhereupon, at a public meeting, ha 
^^BNs betrayed into an excess of pasiion, 
^^Bpf which no other instance is on re- 
^■•aKl; and on his Icavint; the College 
^^Rb hcary wiilh, and setting off for 
lAOdon, lo appeal, as it was thought, 
W lb* higher authorities, the Fellows, 
inciud 1^ Miller, a lay Fellow, atid 
Coonwltor at Law for the College, 
^^—■■bacribed a Declaration against him g 
^^■pheretipon Beniley hurried down from 
^^Hlvvrn, and, under pretence of some irre- 
^■^Urity, in Millet's not taking a Doc- 
^^ttDr'td«i;rce,declaredhisfellowahipvoid. 
li« was, however, re-instated by the 
ScnMrs. This daring attempt at taking 
•«ra«, on hisown authority, a person's 
ftcetald, excited amon^ the Fellows at 
rge still gieater exertions to dislodge 
« Haster. In order thereto, they pre. 
— ' a petilioa lo lay before /Ae l-'inlor, 
- ■' ey supposed lo be the Bp. of 
his defence. Bent ley printed 
III published > leilci to the Bishoii, 
ill of gross itwcclive against the sob- 
''»H, and imeiliog ibat the anJy 
»Oeaee_ he hul girea wot by ta- 




deavouring to restore discipline, undy, 
and good morals to Trinity College. 
As to (he production itself. Dr. Monk 
observes, that " we should scarcely 
believe it lo be by (he writer who has 
ten years before tritimphed over the 
combined wits of Christ Church, and 
the reason Is, that his came was not 
jiiil.'' " Notwithstanding," says Dr. 
Monk, "ils powerful and poimeid i«n< 
tences, its general effect is 10 rniso a 
prejudice against the author. The tone 
15 not that of an innocent person un- 
justly calumnislcd, but of a daring ad- 
venary, more intent on carrying war 
into 1)10 enemy's lerriioriea than or 
defending himself." The publication 
produoetfa hoit of replies from the 
College, which with exas|>eraied feel-. 
ings rebutted the sccusatloDs of th« 
Master by attacks sustained with much 
scholarlike writing, and no ordinary 
powers of wit and lailkry, chiefly esi 
ercised on the auamlneiiei of Beniley '• 
writings, and llie occmional ruggednest 
of his style. These extraordinaty dis- 
putes excited a great aentation in tho 
public mind, and all fiicnds of ihe 
University and of the Church wera 
shocked at proceedings so deiogalAry 
alike to academical dignity and to eCi 
ciciiaiticot propriety. 

During the progress of this feud, 
Beiitley was enabled so fur lo abstract 
his mind from alfLiirs which to mate- 
rially aHecled his interests, as to pro* 
duce one of the .iblest of his works, hi* 
■' Emendations on Metiander and Phi- 
lemon," occasioned by an edition which 
had just been published by Lc Clerci 
who (then in the zenith of hit l^e a« ' 

a thsologian, philosophEr. critic, and J 

genera) scholar.) iu hit ofBce as Ret | 

viewer (in the Bibliolhcque Choisic, a | 

auarlerly jnutnil), exercised a sort af { 

eipotism in the lepublic of leiteta, i 

Not snti sited, however, with hiasuoctsi , 

in theology, natural philosophy, and 
general literature, he aimed at establish' 
ing a reputation fnr cliuacal edilortliip, 
though ill groundcil in the Greek Ion. 
guage, end not only i^tfui6i(, but in 
many respects a/xaSis. " He had (says 
Dr. M.) scarcely any one qiialifica> 
tion for such a work but dtli^nce, 
and extensive general information ; f 
I lid consetjuently the work unitea 

• N.HI>er Dr. BeDlley, huwevcr, nor hi. 
(smtd Bingrsphtr, teeoi to hue dioctiA 
the nvt«oii'ta«r^ -mei'As <jS \io 
t oWb 'tt mm Vie wA uu^ 



159 



CLASSldAt LlT^RAXllRkl 



tAi«: 



almost twttj fault which such a per- 
son may be su|>po8ed to commit.'* 
In his *' Emendations'* (published in 
1700), Bemley exposes the gross ig-. 
ooraoce of the writer with the keenest 
irony, giving at the same time his own 
corrections, conceived in his happiest 
style, and generally irrefragable. Tiie 
work was (Tike most of his productions) 
written ex tempofe. What were the 
motives which induced Bentley to un- 
dertake this work, we cannot ascertain. 
Probably some literary grudge eiiter- 
taiued against LeClerc, in the exercise 
of his office as Reviewer, was the chief. 
Theunfortunateeditor,however,having 
got intelligence (secretly as the work 
was conducted) of the birch which waa 
in tteep for him» and of the Xf?^ 
ira;^i7av which was to wield it; ad- 
dressed a menacing letter to Bentley, 
Calling upon him to ** clear himself of 
the charge,'' adding that ** silence 
would be construed into a confession,*' 
To this our critic returned an answer, 
in his clear, powerful, and caustic style, 
which Le Clerc perhaps found more 
difficult to endure than the public cas- 
ligation which followed. Being un- 
able to defend himself against the stric- 
tures of Bentley, Le Clerc looked round 
for assistance, and found it from the 
learned Bergler and the foul-mouthed 
Pauw ; the former of whom, in the 
*' Acta Eruditorum," glossed over the 
defects of Le Clerc. The latter put 
forth a violently abusive work, intituled 
" Philarg^rii Cantab. Emeudationes in 
Menandn et Philemonis reliqoias.*' 
" A performance (says Dr. Monk) so 
worthless, and in a style so disgusting 
and ^execrable, that scarcely any one 
can read three pages of it.'* 

After long delays on the part of thtf 
Mniors of Trinity (as large bodies, and 
especially aged ones, are slow in mo- 
tion,) an accusation was presented in 
form, signed by a decided maiority of 
the fellows. " Of the articles (says 
Dr. Monk) some were frivolous, others 
unfounded ; yet more contained charges 
of neglifTcnce, which, though culpable, 
called for admonition rather than ex- 

that when, on m certain occaaion, the writer 
of this article discutseU confidentially the 
question of Le Clerc'a literary character^ 
with the late Dr. Samuel Parr, at hii owa 
house, a few years before his death, he de- 
clared that he thought Le Clerc had been 
hardly dealt with by Bentley in his Phile- 
lautheras Liptientis { and ba ended by de- 
aUri^g cQoJI/ ltd •ohmnUt thu he himteif 
0Pilitd!tfrgMa'Aave^n Lc Giere ikau Bentky, 



pulsiam,^* The Bishop tent a copy of 
ihe articles to the Masterv who took, 
no notice of them. After three montha 
delay, and vain endeavours to break 
the confederacy of the Fellows by sow-c 
iog diksensions, Bentley attempted to 
procure the interposition of the Crown 
m his favour^ by the promulgation of 
a Uoyal letter. Upon the Bishop*s ot 
length demanding an answer to the 
articles, Bentley politically petitioned 
the Queen against his lurisdiction, 
and maintaining that her Majesty waa 
the real visitor of the Colkge, threw 
himself on the Ro}'al protection ; and 
the Ministry being inclined lo take the 
Master's view of the subject, wrote to 
Bp. Moore desiring htm to stay all 
further proceedings in the business, 
until the Crown lawyers had come to 
a decision on the subject. 

In 171), after various delays, occa<^ 
stoned by the peculiar state of his af- 
fairs, Bentley sent forth his long-pro- 
mised edition of Horace, dedicated to 
the Earl of Oxford. Dr. Monk thinks 
there is reason to suppose that in Jive 
fROfiMi«nfier his return from London, in 
June 1711 (after having prepared, dur- 
ing nine months' Town residence, for 
the struggle which was to decide his 
fortune), Bentley wrote the greater 
part of his notes on Horace. The pre- 
face to the work was couched in terms 
of greater arrogance and boasting than 
ever. The work itself excited consi- 
derable sensation, especially as there 
were 700 or 800 alterations of the com- 
mon readings, and all (contrary to cus- 
tom) received into the text, notwith- 
standing that most of them were mere 
conjectures of his own, though always 
plausible, often ingenious, and not 
unfrequenily convincing. The opinion 
of the very learned Biographer, which 
is en li tied to much attention, is as 
follows. " Many of his changes are 
unnecessary, others har&h and impro-« 
bable. He shows a pro|}ensity to con- 
fine the limits of poetical license too 
closely, and thus to reduce the lan- 
guage of Horace into prose. But when 
he defends his corrections by analogy, 
he brings forth the riches of his learn- 
ing as from an inexhaubiible mine : 
and the reader, whether convinced or 
not, respecting the particular point 
under discussion, is sure to Bnd his 
knowledge increased ; and hence it 
will be observed that the very errors of 
Benlley are instructive.'* The great 
fault of the Notes is the arrogance, 
egottatn» ai\d ^anuuii^ spirit* which 



)p. Moni't Lift of Dr. i 



fun* throngh ihe whole. The work 
calkd forlh a host of peil; ajsailanlt, 
ohi«A7 anonyinou*. one iif ihcm Bcni' 
tey'i dU eiierny, Dr. King. A more 
tr^tie t'Inw ih»n cnuld be inflicted by 
ihe light ihnfu of wil Mmc from one 
Kerr.a Dineniini; whoulmasier, who, 
eftended in B*nilf y for mmc personal 
neglect. grali)icd a peeviihnru a^ra- 
Tjted liy poverty anil unmFriled neg- 
lect, hy cyslcmaiioiliy noting the slips 
in the fjteal Critic'* Latinity ; which 
Dr. Monk adinili was by no means 
piiie Of free front lilemisiies. Bent- 
ley ■ tnoriilicniion bi this elfiision 
(which he wa» too wiie lo notice) mini 
hsTC been leiiened by a very liberal 
enliiiiie on his Horace froin ihe pen of 
Lt Cirrc himself, who, whil« he gii-ei 
|;re»l general piaise. nhjiains, with af- 
iirclfd dclimcy, from an examination 
nf ihe new readings, fur peisonal ren- 
tant. On the difBcully and danger of 
atmaiiona in tlic text of a Lalia in- 
(iMir, Le Cleto ha< lome *ery jiiil nb- 
irrTilions, two of which are Justly 
commrndnl by Dr. Monk. "Exprei- 
sion* (snyi he) lomeiime* displease the 
mder, because he docs nol happen lo 
MCullect similar ones ; yet by research 
■hey may perhaps be discovered lo be 
juiiifiabU. And poeis of all ages and 
eoantries tike liberiiei in theii phrases, 
••htch miisl not therefore be hastily 
prvnntincrd ipiiiinus, bccanee the same 
ire nol lobe found elsewhere." 

The lanie will full as well apply to 
•lleiationt in Crrejl authors; and in 
none » it belter cxciiipliAcd (ban in 
Ihe cote of Miehylut. as in the text 
it( Schut: compared with ihai of Poi-. 
lofti the biter of whom, tn B itiulli- 
lude of insiinces, rrcalkd ihe old read- 
ings, which bad been too hastily dis- 
orded, and rashly altered. 

Afler scien monihs deliberation, 
the Crawn lawyers came lo a deiertiii- 
lislian, that they deemed Ihe Crown 
ihf general vi»iioi of Trinity College, 
liul ihc Biihop of Ely to have the 
power of hearing and decidiue on 
eliarges against the Master, though the 
Clown uiiRht alier the viiiiorial aj- 
ibaiity, with the aeceptiince of the 
(.'nllei^. And now Beiiiley niaUiig 
an iiMtfffctual stieuipt to lerminale the 
proaecotioi), the protiibition was taken 
uff ilie Bishop, and .1 rule obtained by 
Ihe Fellows, in the King's Bench, to 
compel hiin lo diicharge his judicial 
functions. Meanwhile Beniley, at this 
1. employed himself in rendering u 
— ---- -, theChureh aoti nli- 



([ion by a masterly and unanswerable 
replv to Collins'* Diicnvrsc on F'ee- 
llnnkivg, in which (as Dr. Monk ob- 
serves) " he has made ill aulhor a 
warning 10 all vain and superficial scep- 
tics who are tempted 10 employ iheir 
puny sophistry on repealed religion. He 
lakes to pieces (coniinuei Dr. M.) the 
shallow but dangerous performance of 
theinfidel. Nol saiislirti wiih replying; 
10 pinicular xrguinenii, he cuu ihe 
ground under his feet, by exposing the 
fallacious mode of reasoning wl)icb 
pervades them all; and ihe conlemjj- 
lible sophism by which the amhor le- 
presenls ell eood and great men of 
every a(^ and country io have been 
" f(eeihinkerf,"and consrnuently par- 
liians of his sect. The objections de- 
duced bj Collins from ihe inullitude 
of tarioiii readings in the Scripture* 
are mel with iinaniwerable arguments, 
so ihat (says Dr. Monk) there have 
been no cnvilt founded on the varia- 
lion of MSS, which may not be found 
answered in the pages of I'liilclcuthe- 
ru9. The applause obtained by Bent- 
ley for this perfonnance was great and 
unitersal, il receiving the united thanks 
of the wliole bench of Bishops. It it 
lo be lamented, however, that Bentley 
was called off from finiihing his rcfu- 
laiion of Freethinking ptlnciplei by 
the attention which he was obliged to 
devote to the concerns of ihc College 
prosecution. Ail obstacles 10 the ex- 
ercise of his fuQciions being removed, 
the Bishop of Ely demanded the Ma»- 
lei's answer 10 the charges of hi* oecu- 
sera, Benliey met the storm t*iih cha- 
racieriilic inttepidiiy. He rrlurned 
brief but pithy answeri lo ihe Jifly -four 
chargni many of which he acknow- 
ledges and jusiilies) others he makes a 
subject of boast. " His lone (says Dr. 
M.) is high and confident, and breathes 
contempt of his accusers." When iho 
dav of trial commenced, the lurge ball 
ofKly House tvas convened in to a court 
or Justice, and ihe inosl eminent iidvo- 
cjics employed on both sides. Public 
opinion was grcatlv in fatour of Ihe 
accntcd. and the Judge was inclined 
in his faiuut. Bui, in the course uf 
the irial, bis seniimenis underwent a 
change (on hearing which ihu Duclur 
fainted away in Couti) ; and his judu- 
ineut agninsi the Doctor was conR- 
dentty ex peeled, afterasix we 
when, lol the piocess was d 
have a differcul iesu\v. TVic tt.s\v(vi^t 
hnving cau|!.hl a co\i\ \if \\\\ \fm%iann 
liiiSS III till: 1U\1, all tUtwiA ' 




134 



Classical Utbri^tujiiCi 



[Aug. 



wbiioh (ermiBatcd in hit death, before 
be could proQoance teotence of cjec« 
tion, which he had ordered to be 
drawn up» end which was found, after 
bii death, among hit papen.^ 

Bentley now «vailM himself of 
ihe alteration of circamttancee, pro- 
duced by this uncipected event, to 
come to a reoooeiliatioo with his FtU 
lows, agreeing to abandon his system 
qX compensaiioni but unfortunately no( 
•o as to effect or to secure • kuliwg 
pacifietUim. And now the Untvcf- 
sity was in oeneral so sensible of his 
distioguiibed merits, thai it was re< 
eolred to return him its public thanka 
far his Answers to Collins; which 
was done emphatically, and nem, cpit. 
At this time the flames of rebellion 
had broken out in Scotland and the 
north of England, and e civil war waa 
undertaken, to place a Popish Monarch 
on ibe throne, when Dr. Bentley deli« 
vered oo the 6th of November at Cam* 
bridge bit celebrated ''Sermon on 
Popery, his te&t being 2 Cor. iL 17, 
Ov yctp Sr/uuy if o2 «iXXol, xoMmXivoyTfff 
t^9 X^p rw Owv, which he proves 
to mean ** irqficktng in the Word of 
God for their own mcrei' so applica* 
cable to the spirit of Popery, whose 
various institutions tend chiefly to that 
eflKect. In this most masterly production 
Bentley quite unmasks the system of 
Flipal imposture, with e^ual learning 
ana argument, though in language 
plain as the reasoning is forcible i till, 
gtvdually rising into warmth, **indig' 
naHo facii virntmt** and he pours 
forth a strain of eloquence almost unri- 
valled. Of this Dr. Monk gives an 
extract, and observes that '*the con- 
cluding and finest part has been pur- 
loined by the sentimental plagiarist in 
his sermonof Trim inTrtstramShandy.'* 
Bentley now again began, unfortu- 
nately, to carry his measures at College 
in the style of an irresponsible auto- 
crat, and attempted to dispose of the 
College livings afler his own views. 
This oaused the Fellows to a^in seek 
redress by a petition to his Majestv. In 
1716 Bentley formed a plan for publish- 
ing a new edition of the Greek Testa- 
ment, in which the text should be re- 
stored with certainty in a method never 
yet attempted. And though his hours 
of study were devoted to the prepara- 
tions for this roifthty work, which was 
first suggested to him by Wetstein (who 
aflerwerds himself accomplished it, 
^rhap§ more eJaborateJr,) yet he me- 
J^teJ soother and wtdeiy dffiecent 



work, tm etUtum ^CUsfictU Authors 
in Usum Prinetpff JPMerici, in imiu- 
tion of the Greek collection sn umm 
Dslphim, but meant to eclipse it in 
critical acGuncy« That soheme, how*- 
ever, was never carried into effect, 
owing to some misunderstanding as to 
the terms of his engagement, and the 
mode of remurteration. 

In 1717 Bentley experienced a vira* 
lent attack from Richard Johnson 
(Master of Nottingham School, and 
author of Noctes Nottinghamicee, 
Grammatical Commentaries, &c.) in 
aome strictures on his Horace, en- 
titled ^' Aristarchua Anti-Bentleianus." 
Hia censures, like Kerr's, were chiefly 
directed at errors in Latinity ; and hia 
accurate knowledge of the Latin lan- 
guage enabled him fully to act the cen« 
sor in detecting minute errors of coin 
struction ; and no mercy does the stern 
pedagogue show— but scourges his vic<» 
tim with the *' full strength of his right 
arm," and heaps terms of reproach and 
contumely, like a splenetic schoolmas- 
ter on blundering bovsl Although 
not a few of Johnson s strictures are 
well founded, yet the work failed to 
produce any such eSiect as the writer 
inteiided, being little noticed 1^ tho 
public, and quite unheeded by the 
object of hia antipathy, which perhapa 
occasioned the menul alienation that 
led to suicide. 

In the year 1717 Dr. Bentley wat 
ejected to the exalted post of Re- 
gius Professor of Divinity, the most 
valuable as well as moat dignified of- 
fice in the University. Our only re- 
gret is, that the attainment of a station 
which he waa admirably qualified to 
fill, was effected, (as Dr. Monk's re- 
searches ascertain,) by manoeunre and 
stratagem. His probationary PreteC" 
tion was on the authenticity of the 
disputed heavenly witnesses in 1 John. 
The composition has unaccountably 
been lost, though it was seen by Per- 
son in his younger davs, and by Dr, 
Vincent, the learned Dean of VVest- 
^ minster. Its contents, however, are col- 
lected with certaiuty byour Biographer. 
Beptley, it appears, gave a regular his- 
tory of the verse, and an account of 
the manner sn which the pasaage of 
$i. John is quoted by ancient writers } 
and concluded with a decided r^ec- 
tivn qf the verse; maintaining at the 
sanrie time the doctrine of the Trini^ 
in ills orthodox acceplatkifi, and show^ 
ins that it stands in do need of such 
dubiovAinp^i. . 

(To he concluded in our next.) 



-KM.} [ iS5"1 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 






pQrItamailary tPriti,aHd Sf'titt <^ MiUlary 
Summoai, t(c. If*. E^ltd uiuIrT ihr Rt- 
<ard Cinamiiiiai ^y Francii Pulgnre, 
£•{ . F.HS. mid FS.A. BanUlet at Law. 
yUamt tkc Seeond. Folia. 

■HE publications of itic Record 
CoDimiiiton are to aniiquarics 
intj di«he) Rl to »i beruce ihe 
" PhiloiDnhicnl history can- 
cidaie iiarucular ciicu instances, 
gcDCTM principles; and, iherc- 
fbrc, the teal and aoiual liijiory of 
Eogland on only be Irulv rcpreienled 
by auch cnllcclions of cudcnce ai ihe 
" -irk before ui, and ilt fellows, afford. 
It the preiem book has a jtariicu- 

iher Pcer« atiendrd Paillamcnl us 

lir of right, stiinmonej ortinium- 

'. Upon ttiis iQOOled question 

•hall endeavour to throw tuch 

it as thii work end old Chionicies 

inhi and for lliii purpose must ea- 

alOMHiepreliniinarj details, before 

.ing anj inferences. 

'he tint Parliament of Edward ilie 

id wu held in JJU7. The came 

led ii not verj delicate (but bu- 

. i* not regdaied by Cheaierlield- 

1), the interment of ibe late King, 

' the otlebration of the coronation 

ipliaU of bi« successor. Qut it 

DC icmeinbered that Edward the 

died Jul; 7> 1307, and thai ihe 

WM lealed on the 2G Aug. follow- 

ihe unie of assemblinK the 13lh 

!lober: the interment oTlhc Kine 

'cMminster not taking place liil 

27U1OCI. i nor the coronation till 

)307-8. To ihi» Parliament 



>• IB, AbboU, ko, 6 



Thus there were 75 spiritual Lord* 

• munt«rbaUn<-e81 Peer«. TheCom- 

3t exceed eoo. 

[lie Judges «nd Msaiert tn Cban- 



The writ that includes the wives of 
ihe paftiei to whom il is addressed 
(because Qneen Isabel was also crown- 
ed] is not litniled to the members of 
either house. 

Id d ParliimenI summoned for bu- 
siness on ee April, 1308, we have 

" Biihopi I s, AbboU, &c. 1«, Petri be.'' 
No returns uf Commoners appear. 

On the Ed Ed. II. (20 Oct. IH 



med, 

•'Bitbopa 17,ALboti 



jao8) 



rs GS." 



The 

iifniendo ad trattnndum rege,'' on 13 
Feb. I30g, to which were cited, 

" Biihopi 10, na AbboU, Penri 49." 

A gmrral ParHaiHgnl nas summon- 
ed for 27 April, 1309, Bishops (includ- 
ing the Ouslos of filth and Wells va. 
cant) 19, Abbots, 6re. 51, Peere 81.— 
Commoners not 200. 

On the 27ih July a summons " de 
Iraclando" was issued to 

" Blsbop 1 9, Abbots, &c. II , Pern Te." 






I CAbboti, tft. luiaOt Pe«i 




for a 



■■ Biihopi ao (AbboU, &c. Bans), Vtta 

In 1311 a eeoecal election of the 
Commons took place. The members 
do not amount toSOO, 

Annexed to these writs is s close 
roll addressed to Nich. de Segrave, 
prohibiting hia coming to Parliament 
with a force of armed men, on account 
of a quarrel between him and William 
]e M»r«ahall.— p. 54. _ 

A prorogation having been granted 
to the IBih Nov. writs cKaciina at. 
tendance at thai time, m«re issued to 

••Biibop 11. VicBTi-geuersl cf Iir», 
•rlu srtrc abroid. a AUwu, and *b Petri, 



To this [^liament came in arms 
fiTC Earls, " worr ron debiln," says the 
writ.— p. (J7. Eoeh 9/ Ihrir Earli 
had liren lummoneiJ. 

A further pioregatiTO W rtte WS A>. 



136 



Review. — Parlismeniary Wriii, Stc. FoL 11. 



[Aug. 



were 



1312, next ensued, and then 
summoned, 

« Bishops ftod Vkmrs-geDenI 17| Abbots 
SO, Peers 68." 

Another general Parliament was 
called for S3 July, 131S. The per- 
sons cited were, 

<< Bishops -81, AbboU, &c. 58, Peers 60." 
To this record is annexed the list of 
Jodfl^es, and *' Clerici de consilio.'' 

This Parliament was again prorogued 
.•till SO Aug. 1312, and then were sum- 
moned, 

'< Bishops SI, Abbots, &c. 55, Peers 53." 

The summons for the 18th March* 
.1313, is addressed to 

<< Bishops 90, Abbots, &c. 49, Peers 97." 

That for the 8th July, 1313, to 

<* Bishops 17, and the Costos of CaaUr- 
bury vacant 1 , Abbots, &c. 50, Peers 9^*" 

On the 23d Sept. 1313, another Par- 
liament was summoned (to which is 
annexed safe conduct for certain Earls 
and Barons, provided thejr came un- 
armed), and tne summons is addressed 
to . 
« Bishops 19, AbboU, &c. 50, Peers 1 1 1." 

For the Parliament of 21 April,1314, 
were summoned, 

<* Bishops (or their representatives) 18, 
Abbots, &c. 44, Peers 98." 

In the writ for postponing this Par- 
liament, in order to proceed against the 
Scots, we find added Rob, de Umfir^m- 
vt//. Earl f^ Angus, whose name is not 
included in the original summons. 

We shall now summarily state the 
'several Parliaments and numbers of 
Peers summoned. 

'9 Sept. 1314. Bishops IQ, Abbots 48, 
Peers 110, but the Jud^s and Mas- 
ters in Chancery are mixed up with 
the list. 

20 Jan. 1315. Bishops 1Q, Abbots, &c. 
48. Peers QS. Here the list of Judges, 
jtc. is distinct. 

27 Jan. 1316. Bishops IQ, Abbots, 
&c. 48, Peers g5^ Judges, &c. dis- 
tinct. 



6 Odt. 1320. Bishops 21, Abbots 31, 

Peers 84. 
15 July, 1321. Bishops ig. Abbots, 

&c. 54, Peers 99. 
2 May, 1322. Bishops I9, Abbots, &c. 

54, Peers 81. 
14 Nov. 1322. Bishops 21, Abbots 

31, Peers 62. 

20 Oct. 1324. Here occurs a Trac- 
talus only; for the writ names only 
** Colloquium et Tractatum," and not 
a Parliament also (see p. 31? acq); 
whereas in p. 334, two years after- 
wards, Parliamenla, Colloquium, ei 
Tracialus, are mentioned in the writ, 
as to be held at the same time. But 
there certainly was a distinction be- 
tween a Tractatus and a Parliament, 
and one most clearly prominent, viz. 
that in a Tractatus no burgesses were 
elected, only two knights for every 
shire (see p. 319 seq.) whereas in a 
Parliament it was indispensable to 
unite burgesses. A Tractatus appears, 
according to Ducange, to have been a 
term appropriated to the councils of 
Bishops. A Tracutus here has the 
aspect of a packed Parliament, for 
there were summoned only Bishops 1 9, 
Abbots, &c. 8, Peers 56. 

3 March, 1325, a Tractatus only. 
Bishops 17» AbboU 23, Peers 59. 

15 April, 1325, (a prorogation). Bi- 
shops and Abbots, as before. Peers 4Q. 

25 June, 1325, a Parliament. Bi- 
shops 17, Abbots 31, Peers 44. 

18 Nov. 1325, Bishops 19, Abbots 
31, Peers 44. 

13 Oct. 1326. A writ for a Collo- 
guy and Tractate, addressed to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, ** cum ^ut- 
lusdam (some) Prelates, Magnates, and 
Proceres."— p. 349.** 

We shall now try to illustrate these 
matters. There were partial and ge- 
neral Parliaments. To the latter the 
whole of 4he nobility were soromoned ; 
but only upon occasions of great emer- 
gency. 

Alattbew Paris informs us, that in 
the year 123? (26 Hen. 111.) the King 



27 Jan. 1318. Bishops 18 [Abp. of sent f^cnptorcgaA'a^ writs of summons 
Dublin included]. Abbots, &c. 48, through all partt of Englatid, ordering 



Peers 93. [Two prorogations. Bi- 
shops and Abbots as before. Peers 
only 92.] 

20 Oct. I3L8. Bishops I9, AbboU 45, 
Peers 93. 

6 May, 1319. Bishops 18, AbboU 54, 
Peers 88. 

SO Jan. 1320. Bishops 18, AbboU 31, 
FeenSf, 



all persons connected with the State 
(ad regnum Anfj^iae specuntibus), via. 
Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, and in- 
suUed Priors, Earls, and Barons, to as- 
semble sxvb OMI8SIONE in the octaves 
of the Epiphany at London, to treat of 
Royal business affecting the whole 
realm. The Magnates, as Matthew 
calls them, obeyed the writs, thinking 



IBSOi] Rbvibw,— Palgmve's Forliamentarg HVib. 1S7 

and thai the Kingg exercised a ili»- 
pcinioK power, is beyond ell 
from various neiii'iont, 

recorded in mis book, _ .__ 

holding out 3 promise, that 



■turned out 
Mia tain wn 



, both Ablioti ■ 



lliat lliey had lo discuss " some impe- 
lial or other arduous matters.'' There 
came, therefore, lo London an inti- 
nile number of noblemen,* vii, the 
wuoLS UNIVKK9IT1ES o( the king- 
dom. When the business was opened, 
turned out lo be only a lolicitaiion 
the Kiiif; for money; whereupon, 
_ .u. i-.-'ofian, ihey looked snt- 
another. and said, " the 
latain wat in labour, and has 
brou^l funh a mouse." (p. 367, ed. 
WaUs.) The same historian gives 
olhef very cleat ideas of the Parlia- 
mttiia Genetaliiiima, when *i.i. Peers, 
he. weie summoned, in the following 
pamge, under the year 1346 : 

"la tli« middle uf Lent, vie. on the dij 
in which LietaTc Jrruialcm it lung, (lie 
WHOLS nobility of tbo niiOLB kioKdnm uf 
Englud (IMuu Regni Angli 
tulilul, vii. PrebKs, b 
Prim, ■• well u Bitliupi 
Suow. CON.D.UI nv tt, 
UBbled to ■ moit geotrsl Pullamcnl (Far- 
JfOMenJun generaliiiunumj u Londan, to 
mw •Sucioiulj, ■! urgent oeccuiiy re- 
^oiMd, of theiUteof tliekiogdamiiOK lot- 
Uring." — p. S09- 

Voder the year IS43, "The nobility 
of all England both Prelates as well as 
Earl) BDd Barons, were assembled at 
London lecutidum rtgium piifceplum, 
hpRovsl writ." To the same purport 
B OlDet pueasei. It, therefore, ap- 
-' - ■ general Parliaraenls 
fwriis of summons; 
s such as are Colto- 
I mentioned above, 
■1^ Klecled persons; and if we arc 
ineel, 1a the question whether Peers 
came to Purliatneot de jure unsum- 
moncd or not? — we lay that they were 
alt auiKmOned to general Parliaments, 
but couldjiot come de jure to Collo- 
cs, by which we un- 
ntand partial PacIiameDis, because 
n were not summoned. 
'Jo general Paillanients there was, 
I OUT opinioo, a legal necessity of 
ining the whole body ; 



ns, and liberations 



the p 



]oned should r 
than a month (p, 3U); 
that persons summoned to council 
were sometimes sulky, and would not 
give an opinion when asked, which 
conduct was deemed contumacious 
and disrespectful (p. SBS); that others 
took Fretieh leave, and were recalled 
under menaces; that some peers, as 
Rob. dc Unifravill, Earl of Angus, and 
John de Bretagne, Earl of RicTiinond, 
were only occasionally summoned ; 
and that in one wrii for calling a n«w 
Parliament, and another for proroguing 
it, there is a partial, not considerable 
ehanee of persons. 

of a dispensing power by the Crown, 
which disjxinsing power was in va- 

cised as part of the preiogatiTe, down 
to the recent leign of James the Sc- 

lo' ihes. 



a the moder 







1 agiti 



: the 



ition lie ^ure. Such was, 
ink, the law and custom of the 
Im, and if exceptions do occur, the; 
iplf only what have ensued in all 
ng*, vit. abuses. At the same time, 
il Patliamrniary duty was rather 
onus than a gratilicBiian, 



inc Aing s name was used sometimes 
in a most irreverent manner. Rob. dc 
Winchelsee, Archbishop of Canter- 
bury (says Stephen Birchingion), re- 
proiied the King in his P.ir1iainenls and 
Councils (Angl. Sacr. i. 17) ; and be- 
cause lie, the Archbishop, had refused 

clergy, he was (exiTa-poiitui) put out 
of the King's favour, peace, and pro- 
tection. (Id. p. 14.) Now in acjuar- 
rel between a great man and an infe- 
rior, the former never succumbs, but 
from interest, necessity, or contempt ; 
but the clerey contrived lo defy the 
Sovereign, through opposing tu him 
the Pope, who in point of fact was ihe 
preserver of the Church property, and 
the paiion and benefactor of the cleri- 
cal order. It is very true that his bulls 
were not cannon-shot, but they were 
ghoslswhich commanded away IhiDush 
terror. The clergy of thoie days could 
Duly be taxed in convocations; and it 
is most certain, that, like Lincolnshire 
geese, they submitted to reasonable 
plucking: but it oflenoccurred through 
circumstances, that the Soveteign's ad- 
dresses were not directed to those who 
could best endure pluckitt^, Wv ■wVo 
were least abVc vo teiviv. \N\\\\mi\ 
Thurne inlbtmt ut (.Oct»H\^V^^^(nckI 



140 RBviBWv^-Dlsraeli o» the Life and Reign of ChaHee L [Aiig« 



Lwd been a great seijeent, woidd the 
lawyer, Mr. Hyde, have applied the eame 
reflection ? Probably not ; yet there are 
few great lawyers whose minds are not wholly 
warped by their habits of thinking, and who 
do not Judge of human nature more by cases 
and prece£nts, than by any intimate con- 
fersancy with the human heart, and with 
eooiety at laige. And thus it is, on the re** 
verse principle, that physicians have, in all 
ages, formed the most enlightened class in 
society, because they mingle with their fel- 
low men."-— ill. 77. 

or Loud, it is neediest to say more 
than that he was only a blacksmith in 
ttatenianship. The whole of his official 
conduct consisted in hammering. 

VI. Private Life of Charlesihe First, 
Love of the Arts. If, says Mr. Dis- 
raeli (p. 101), there be no love of the 
arts, the mind will not be moulded by 
the Graces, and serious mischiefs, con- 
sequent upon barbarism, will flow 
from vulgar minds. 

** Among the list of the grievances of 
the Commons in 1685, we find one com- 
plaining of the building of all houses in 
London, in one uniform wav> with a face of 
brick towards the streets. To this grievance 
Charles replied, that a refprmation in build- 
inffs was a good reformation, and he was re- 
solved to proceed with Uiat work. No 
doubt the good citisens of London were 
then destitute of any architectural taste ; 
since even the decent appearance of bricking 
their fronts, and improving the salubrity of 
the city — where wooden houses were huddled 
together in all inconvenient forms, nests for 
their scourge the plague, which was so 
oflen breathing in their faces — was consider- 
ed as a national grievance. 

" It was now still worse at London than 
at Edinbufgh. Among the barbarians, who, 
like a second irruption of the Goths and 
Vandals, became those of England, the 
avowed enemies of art and artists— the Pu- 
ritans on one side, and the Levellers on the 
other^ excite our indignation as much for 
their brutalizing ignorance, as their ca- 
lumnies. Among the vulgar spirits, it is 
painful to add Muton. He reproached the 
King for admiring and reading Shalapeare." 

There is oo philosophical truth better 
established, than that the Sectaries of 
the Reformation have impeded uni- 
formly the progress of the arts. With- 
out luxury there can be no civiliza- 
tion ; and if Christianity be the reli- 
gion of Puritanism, it must be the re- 
ligion only of Barbarism, for austerity 
cannot predominate where there is not 
poverty. The nation was not ripe for 
the aru^ because it was not sufficiently 
msd, aad consequently not fufficientJy 



InzoriouB. There are three or ratller 
four stages of society, the honting, the 
pastoral, the agricultural, and the com- 
mercial. The agricultural was the 
stage, which chiefly characterized the 
sera ; and the latter only existed in the 
humble form of mere mechanics, who 
supplied humble wants. Agricultural 
avocations are unfavourable to abstrac- 
tiou and intellectuality. Newton would 
have only been a mole-catcher^ with a 
new trap; Watt, with his steam, an 
itinerant conjuror; Locke a fortune- 
teller ; and Hippocrates a qoack-doctor, 
if they had had to depend only upon the 
patronage of farmers. No art or science 
will be cultivated before it becomes a 
mode of subsistence, and it will not be- 
come a mode of subsistence until luxury 
is general ; and that again is dependent 
npon the diffusion of wealth. No- 
thing can more clearly exhibit the sa- 
▼ageoessof English habits at the time, 
than that at the trial of Strafford the 
members of the House of Commons 
carried bread and cheese in their 
pockets, and ate it in their hands, 
while they handed the bottle from 
mouth to mouth, without a cup or 
glass. Such were the sava^ by whom 
the refined Charles was tried and mur- 
dered. 

VII. The influence of the Queen on 
the Kins*s conduct. Henrietta was a 
volatile French girl, and Mr. D'lsraell 
proves, that she had neither a taste for 
politics, nor exercised any business in- 
fluence. 

VIII. The Percy family. A most 
disgusting picture of duplicity and 
baseness. 

IX. The Coronation in Scotland. 
The Five le Roi of poor Louis Seize, 
when he left Versailles for the capiul. 
Caloin had been crowned King of 
Scotland Ions before ; or rather he was 
the Pope of the Reformation, and acted 
the same part, and did the same things 
in another form. 

X. to XIV. The Critical History of 
the Puritans. Philosophers do not 
think that the Almighty is honoured, 
by being characterized as a mere stiff 
dissenter; but thousands thought so 
during the reign of Charles the First, 
and still continue to think so. No 
persons interfere so much in the aflairs 
of the Omnipotent as the uneducated 
and vulgar, as no persons are so critical 
in the affairs of their masters and mis- 
tresses, as the lowest domestics. But 
Mi. DlsTaeli't History is too valuable 



1.3 Rbvibw. — D'hraeli on Iht Life and Reign of Charla 1. 

it ihE DmnlEf hid Tevnifd 
eu the eecnt of tlie Crcsti' 
Id ibe Holy Serl] 



t ID be nnatfKcl. li is well kno«n 
•4iM ccTlain r%\\a fled lo FrankTorl 
from the Marian penecuiion ; and it ii 
i\v3 (vell-tnown, that ihe n«n service 
book or Litum of Edwaid the Sixth, 
ml M complied, u not lo alienate 
oltcrly (he moderaTe Catholics ; nor 
had it that et&ct before ilic pupal in- 
terference in the reign of Eliiabelh. 
CuUin, KnoK, and their (lei>endent re- 
fbrnwri, knew well that this was nal 
ikt tide on which Ikrir trend icas but- 
tend, and thai sncceis would reduce 
■hem K> insignificiince. When, there- 
fore, the Mrvicc-book was banded to 
them, they accordingly declared, ihal 
it hid not the pcbitv which they de- 
lired; and as ihey could not ascend lo 
wir, ihev adopted the humbler tub- 
tlitDie of sedition. They denounced 
ihe aecMwriM of devotion, as organs 
and lurplices, ihe ring in marriage, 
the sign of th« cross in hnptiBm ; but ii 
ii not probable itmt this would hsve 
lucceeded, if there had not been an 
ulterior democralic purpose, favourable 
10 (ulgar and unscientific ambitionisisi 
and Bticb was the fact. The Refor- 



he hlmaelf hi 

e«e.'« Who hu not .huddei 

fums of the diitenipered fmDcj of tho Ktrabil- 

I«iouiCd>ln> 

ity of thi 







the rulgu. 






Id Qil>i[ 

Repohlic of Preib;ter> ud Eiim, the El- 
Jen, unuilly chosen, ctembled bcforo ibeit 
■«cred Peen, who bring pcnnanent residenW 
hmi the Eiders at ill limti under thiir e;e, 
■nd their inquisitorii] uiGcc. When the 
Preibf (eriui Onre foment w»i tet un in En«- 
knd, Clarendon obwrred, ihic the Arch- 
biiliop of Cuoterhury hid newi so cruC an 
influence u Dr. Bnrgm. and Mr. MM.liall, 
nor did all the Biihopi io Scotland to- 
gechec, IO much meddle in teinfionl affiirt 
u Mc. Hendenon. Eren at a later pericKl, 
■Imoit within our own timei, the modarala 

of the general aiiembliea ^ Scotland, vu 

obierviug their proceedings againic ■ hapitu 
indiiidual, ha aiid ha did not know till then, 
that there wu id In^uiiltion eitabllthed in 
coiland. Hii opinion being ooavejed t> 



new door of uselei* t*" J"™"' S^"' S™« diMatiiftciioo i 






plebeian elevation. Elevalianby: 
or public serT ice, implies tuiproTement 
of ihe stale and of the world ai large, 
and augments ihe facility of aubiiitence 
and the diffuMon of wealth. Calvin 
only SCI people by ihc cars about ab- 
stract trifle*, 10 make them subservient 
loprieitcnfi. He was, says Mr. D'ls- 
raeli. 



tenerable Pretb^lery. Thui the people had 
onlj been enchanted by an Inpoatura of 
power 1 far it uemed to them, that they 
were panic! pating in power, which wu 
realty placed fiir out of their reach. 

" The lame fertile geniui which had made 
' out Fatber in Heaven ' a human tyrant, 
and railed themurul crlminil iotobutituda, 

' Kulen of the SynagogDe,' with lupre- 
macy. In thie new papacy, ai in the old, 
they inculcated Mtiive obedience, armed as 

tioQ. The despatiim of Rome >a* trani- 



Thi> new legialatoi w» 
oaly al opm war with thoce ■ove[ei);ni in 
A» Chur«h, whom epiicopscy liad en- 

'■ in th« Doiel Jemociacy of the conii»- 
tacj of Caliia, aiaiatera and laici lat cogc- 
■h«. Cdvin flattered the weaknaii of hu- 
^W Datura, by tlie appeiraoco of a political 

" Bat tU ahola ayttem utt i deluiion i 
fiir tbt tyntmical geniui of ili inventor Grit 
dapiind maa uf hit free will. 

•• Th« Apoille of Gaooa, by the be- 
wilchioe terror of hi> daimwtio theology, 
h«l«nthralled hii follower! for ever, l>y a 
I bondagv of the mind, out of 
human argunieni could ever eatri- 
— ao InuDuuble mcttiityl The 
I ImasiaaUDn u( the lubtlliiles divine 
a tbt «Enm* of Otaal- 










lulded c 
ted principle! 



the 



leala of <)< 

leglilatur ever medilaced i and Calvin, *ith 
■II hii ardent gentut, had only adroitly 
adopted the poliiy of the petty i 
Kherc clianea had cut the fugith 
man, A geniui inferior to hb own coi 
not have imagined, that kingdoms of Pi 
teitanti could be ruled like the eleven [ 
riihet of the town of Geneva, where en 
Thursday the Minislen and the Elders wi 



e'^nchl 



Ufore 



* Thii 



>, that all n 



e predeitinated 



144 



Rbvibw. — Famgn Quarter^f Review, No. XI. 



CAug. 



long-sided woroeD,likeCanova'sVeou8, 
are exceedingly prolific^ perhaps this 
artificial embonpoint may diminish the 
luimber of children. At all events* a 
milk diet might improve scraggy fe« 
males. 

We do not see bow the Heliearkites 
can reconcile their theoretical origin of 
mythology to the following fact, 

«' The BtfM take fbr a dimity the fint 
ob{«cts which comt into their tboagbts, 
snieh as the hora of a ram. The tail of an 
ox» a reptile, &c. reeaive equally their sa- 
arifioe."— p. 106. 

, V. Modem Swedish Poeiry. If the 
translations of the specimens are cor- 
lecty as no doabt tney are, we could 
•elect more than one instance of the 
bathos. Epigram is commonly thooght 
Dointed like a spear, but here is one as 
Dlont as a mop-stick : 

** Mollwitz (Sun woald learn to read. 

And began with A. B. C. 
But his long red nose indeed 

Hindered his discovering D." 

VI. Hutory of the Amphictyonic 
Confederacy, An elaborate prize essay, 
ttom which we gain the information, 
that raceSf not states, were the mem- 
bers of this confederacy ; but the essay 
does not meet the whole of the A mphio- 
^onic history, as to its object and eata- 
plishment, and diminishes its conse- 
qaeuce too much. 

VIL The English in India. It ap- 
pears that the English are as much na- 
turalized in India, as they would be in 
the moon. This dissimilarity, our cri- 
tio very justly says, lessens our hold 
upon the countiy ; but how amal^ma- 
tlon is to ensue, until the Brahminical 
superstition is extirpated, we know not. 

Vni. State and Progress qf the 
fFoolprowers. We have on a former 
Occasion stated, that it is impossible to 
gain both in fleece and carcase; and 
certain it is, that 

*' The average weight of a fleece of the 
Ckrman Merino breed is somewhere about 
two and a ha\f to three pounds ; whilst that 
of a fitt Leicester sheep is from eight to nine 
powtdit and the case m Germany, France, 
and Poland, differs m so far from that of 
England, as they are neidier of them aocns- 
tomed to fi^tten their sheep for the bntoher." 
—p. 191. 

We have read that Merino sheep 
may be fattened, but we made the ex- 
periment with full grass, and failed. 
It IS however plain, that we have both 
/as/cA cry and much wool, though it 



may he of low price. We are glad in 
consolation to hear, that 

« The climate and food of New South 
Wales promises to produea what the bwt 
cultivation does elsewhere." — ^p. 186. 

IX. Music made easy. We do not 
understand how any thing can be made 
easy, which requires perpetual practice 
andf great skill. As to modern music, 
Stentor appears to be more the god of 
it than Apollo. The gurgling murmur 
of air and melody is sacrificed for the 
roar of a cataract; the soft for the 
boisterous ; and bellowing for talking, 
as if all auditors were deaf. Wind in- 
struments (says our critic, p. 213} 
chiefly ^ive the colouring in orchestra 
compositions, but they are in general 
played too loud. Amateurs and per- 
formers will find much instruction in 
this excellent article. 

Why music is not so successfully 
cultivated in this as other countries, 
the Reviewer thus explains : 

« If Bngjand were but once again a cheap 
country to live in, we should see more fre- 
c^uently the results of the industry, the pa- 
tience, and taste of her inhabitants. A 
reasonable leisure musters! be put in the 
power of that people, and it would be then 
easy to make the diffusion of musical linow- 
kdge more than keep pace with the success 
of mechanic institutes, —-p. 199. 

According to Mr. Bowles, there is 
no original English music but the old 
Hundredth Psalm. 

X. Fontaniers Travels in Asiatic 
Turkey, Slavery is mentioned in the 
Bible without reprobation, because 
otherwise there would have been no 
civilization. Without cheap labour, 
there would have been neither riches 
nor leisure, and in thinly peopled coun- 
tries, where there exists a great dispro- 
portion between the demand and sup- 
ply of labour, had it not been for 
slavery, masters would never have been 
more than little farmers, scarcely able 
to read^-certainly not fit to be mem- 
bers of civilized society (see Letter from 
Sidney, p. 35. Certain it is, that the 
acts of Providence, and the notions of 
Sectaries concerning slavery, have not 
harmonized; for had there never been 
any slaves, there would never have 
been any masters. Domestic slavery 
is of a gentle kind, but never produces 
distinguished persons, because it is not 
productive of riches. Carrying^ off a 
damsel or two, is mentioned m the 
song of Deborah, and we shall extract 



' HBO.] HEriBW.— fbf*j>i Qaarlerlf Review, No. jft. 



'• Tlw emTin v» fullowid bji • trsMi, 
■fakb •I««jt fcepl it«lf " • c<in«id»»hle 
^Uitcc rrom the ml. ll «» campisn] of 
Tarki of Athilick, caodueting four titnt 
mm tlw inttnor, m giili and twa youog 
B**. iiham iliBT pupund lo uJl tu tlu 
kighM* biddat. 

•• • I KM luppT ennngli,' •■;• M. Fun- 
ttsicr, ■ to ncijiiiri tile eoodJtaat of ll>t 
ptuicipul proptiBloi, who often mno tn toe 
■•, tad peiDiUud me to Tiilt hit qiurter, 
•■d •ten to couip •■'*' ^'" women- The 
frwtle lUtu Aid not uppetr Id the leul nn- 
CDmferuble *t their lot, ud fni little Co 
whon th(T might be inld. One bF Ihem 
«M Hn bekntiful, >Dd ptond of thii id- 



■bULd or her •ituttioD. ud 

iitnbh KuetT. Tile other 
' irful, h»l It WH l<(i 



^tved 

Cr«« B«rlT .o el 
•Mity ilaD* thu lulFered, 
low price Kt upon her. tilu wu 'ilued 
Ij M (our punn [391.}. whilit t>reot]>- 
U purwt [isaf.l "ere ..ked for her com- 
The two iidi luiglit Iw from Iwelie 
n jrari of ige. E»ch purie wu 
ebout eight poundi. The rruitf n 
camitlf loundiog th* pniiio of 
m, KUDiing their beaut} end (heir 
• I look opoD tbeia girti,' uid 
r (IdeMof tbs eooductori. ' like 017 ooni 
en, duripg the oifjbt we were iotrodsMd 
g ^« villae<> "bere thejr dwelt, 1 killed 
■ ihi'i' putnte wilb mj o'o hand, and hi 
[^ to tbeir hou... We were well cuounieil. 



■irjuu them 

K teoduoeii I 

llmt hem> 



■ndOod 

lines broughi ihem 
hej ue now Miho- 



orth." ta £ict he p«id the n 
« coBSMbnfai* gonu oa tlieir dmi, 



Ml; dired y< 



.DgtJ 



and tbuicd bim 



D reply." 
I, dniriog either to 
V tbM he «•* (iob Mongh to indulge 
V la ■ lev wb'iMit, or perlupi nlher 
tf U> o«i«lty, oenie to n* tent to 
« rtwl he noted ID buv the htod- 
ofUMmlHTee, being lur* to >ell 



>he did 



■ioople, 

A daj being ehotr 

» Ufg.il>, I «u ... 

» W (h« n«gVMtUin ; 



raigiui dunct. The wnmei 

■ begtu to ulk tugtther tl 
whra iIk muter •ilhcut 



I Turk 
ed toU 
•hen ire 



moaj vmt and look off the veil of the 
gudden. and returned to ».t hliiDelf. He 
reputed hi. fornier eulngiet upon hit goodi, 
bnl the Penrin mi<fe no higher bid ihu 
fhtir ponej. I ciBBot nj iibioh wu the 
tnoit fbriooi, the iDMter or the iUtc i both 
(ina end the other threw themHlvei upon 
the poor Dierchent, and belt him without 
Durcj, crjlog out th.t ihtv wet. not |W0- 

rile fur him tii pl.y hli tricki upun. The 
ady went lo hr a< to uj that ibe neeer 
would coiiKDt Co he iold to a |>ennn to Ut- 
ile worlhj of her charmi, even did be offer 
dnnble her price. There w.i .n end uf the 
buiineii, and whatner furtlier prnpoiliinni 
tlie nerchant night biive giioe on Cn make, 
thrr would liiten to uathiog he could ny," 

Our author afirrwardi tmrnctl ihat 
the Georgian I»die» were liolli soltl to 
a weallhj seigneur orsiini, oflhe name 
of Solyman Aga j itie ixtvty Ml in 
the market 10 aixkMn purtci [I'iBl.l, 
and the olher rose to five [40/.] 

The diffetenl efTecu ol Asraiie and 
Eiimpean eiluentioii iifc thus exhibited. 
At Hrieroum. 

"Thetchool wu kept In a vut aparl- 
nenl, adorned, according to cuiiom, with 
the porlraiw of the Empernt .nd ihft Eio- 
ptCM of Ruuia, whom the wliiin.lict of 
tba Eut ut uught to bellave their Irglti- 
m.t< So.areign.. A great wooden orueifii 
W.I placed in [he centre of the roum, runnd 
which ibe cblklreu wera crinlching un tbeir 
kneel. The mutar toul* uie of ihi method 
of initruetion foltow«l h, tlieie counHiM, 
whitet«T mij be tbeir religion, Ihai a/mak- 
ing 111 puuii rfod aU Ugitlier, aod he had 
no diSiculi]' in detecting the otrora tbej 
might commit. 

" I haie remarked that the cbildnn par* 
take of the gntc chiricler of tbeir parenti ; 
ihej' ihnirednonfl uf the patuUnce ud liia- 
cltj we lee in our tchuoli; I beliere (bat 
the Mine liei In their donMiElc educuion. 
There ii no trtitery mada of any tWoi' whal- 
cTcr before them. Tb^ ire In.uiility id- 

!t follDwi u . miCUr of coune th.t'tlieir 
ImaglnBlioai are leu etciled, and that they 
hare therefore mora judgment and reflec- 
tioo than European cliildren. Thty are 
rarely conlrullcled, and, with the eictptlon 
of a few ligni iif defeieoce and roipocC for 
their puBoti, willingly paid, they uv pretty 
nearly their own muteri. In tbe Eut, 
~ ~* tumi lolely on either rcUgioa 
' there ii nothing else 

debtiich no idea of 
me ii (ttiche'l. We lea amoag them 
>e of thoia arilent puiloni which agitate 
the young men of Europe i uid if ilieir enui- 
enet li leu full of aveDIi than oun, per- 
hip9 they find (mple compenuiion In the 
tranquillity which ih*") ei'l''!, a'"! W* *« 
Terj totnb. 



146 



Reyiew •'^Foreign Quarterly Retlew, No. XL [Aog< 



" The edueaiion of the giria b laM Mtend- 
•d to than that of the hoya, although most 
of them learn to read and write. They go 
to the same school up to the ag« of eight 
or nine yean. Their education at home is 
very nearly the tame as for the male sex. 
From their earliest vouth nothing is con* 
coaled from them which relates to the du- 
ties of a woman. This method has doubt- 
less the grave inconvenience of introducing 
hito conversation a license of which we can 
form no idea. Women of the town would 
be ashamed in Europe to make use of the 
terms which giils in Asia eropby in the 
ordinary course of conversation. This is 
only, however, license of expression, and is 
not inconsistent with true modesty. Such 
is education in Turkey and Persia." — p.S95. 

In p. 834, we find a poor priest, who 
had been often bastinadoed, saying, 
** look at my feet, I have not a nail 
upon my toes, they have all dropped 
off under the stick.'* A log of wood 
has a cord attached for binding the 
feet during the punishment. — p. 239. 

Among the minor articles we find 
the following curious and hitherto un- 
known information concerning the 
constituent parts of Gothic architec- 
ture. The name of tbe work from 
which it is extracted is entitled 
**Antichita Romantiche d'ltalia/' 
compiled by the two cousins Sacchi. 
The particular portion, to which we 
allude, is church architecture, and the 
well-known symbol of the " Vesica 
Piscis," seems to have originated 
through the following causes : 

<* Our authors then proceed to speak of 
the churches raised under the dommion of 
'the Longobards in the nortk of Italy, and 
give a full description of the principal ones. 
They then treat of the symbolic art among 
tbe early Christians, which they define as 
the represetUaiions of dogmas, mysteries, and 
reiigious truths, by means t^f determinate 
firms, imagesy and cyphers, in the architec- 
ture of their churches; a sort of mystic 
science, which the initiated alone under- 
stood. This science was divided into her- 
metic and orphic ; the first referring to the 
plan and shape of the church, the number 
of angles and faces it itresented, and Uie 
second| or orphic, consisting in ,the orna- 
ments and other accessories, regulating the 
colour and quality of the materials employ- 
ed, the disposition of the cyphers or mono- 
grams sculptured over the gates and other 
parts of the building, the figures of animals, 
and other sculptural omamenu, all having a 
mystical meaning. And the authors quote 
repeatedly the epistles * De Angelici Hie- 
rarchic,* and «De Theologift Symbolicl,' 
attributed to S. Dionysius Areopagita, but 
which in fact were written by the Bishop 



Syaasiai, who lived ia the filth century. 
Ine whole of this chapter (pp. 138—176) 
is full of curious and mteresting investiga- 
tions." — p. 854. 

We have another important acces- 
sion in p. 273 : 

'* Lithography has flourbhed from time 
immemorial in the principal city of Tibet, 
and has been employed in delineating in 
for^ plates the anatomy of the various parts 
of the huflsan body." 

No persons are more likely to know 
less of what passes at home than those 
whose researches are abroad. We al- 
lude to a paragraph in p. S60, where 
the elegant work on Autographs, by 
Mr. J. G. Nichols, is ascribea to his 
father "Mr. Bowyer Nichols;*' and 
stated as being, though complete, un- 
finished. Such mistakes should be 
avoided, because they induce a sus- 
picion of carelessness in research, or 
mdilFerence as to statement, where 
facts are concerned. Authors should 
borrow a lesson here from lawyers and 
wise men ; not subject themselves even 
to suspicions. Caesar*s wife ought not» 
&c. 

It is impossible that any one whose 
researches are limited to his country, 
can be so serviceable as those who tell 
us what genius, science, or ex|)edience, 
efllect in other regions. If one nation 
borrows from another, this allegation 
is established. It is sufficient, there- 
forcy for us to say that no design is 
better qualified to promote sencral uti- 
lity, than this Review; ana that it has 
no other fault to be laid to it, than that 
it is too partial to continental imper- 
fection, where reason, pure taste, and 
strength of intellect are the standards 
of excellence. 



Prices of Com in Oxford, in the hegimting rf 
the Fourteenth Century, also from the year 
1582 to the present time* To which are 
added, some miscetlaneous Notices qf Prices 
in other Places, Collected from Manu- 
scripts at Oaford, with a frill Account of 
the Authorities on which the several Prices 
are staled. By the Rn. W. F. Lloyd, 
M.A. Student <if Chrislehurch^ Bvo. pp, 
100. 

WE have before us an elaborate 
work on the " Nature, Measures, and 
Causes, of Value,* from which it is 
clearly shown, "that to know the va- 
lue of an article at any period, is merely 



* Post 8vo, 1885. 



1«M;] 



Rbvihw. — Lloyd c 



«/ Co, 



UT 



to hnoiv it* rrlftiion in exchange In 
taait other commodity." From ihit 
f«ci, Mhich mutt be aicerlained like 
other fjcij, no inrecrncc whaievrr can 
Ik drawn, ai to the value of any thing 
twyoniJ ihe two coininodilies in qiiet- 
lioo. From itie relation of corn und 
money, nothing can be infcrrcil, as to 
ilie rclalion of corn and l»bo»r, or of 
money or lihour. <|i, 135.) Upon ihij 
subject wc thai!, thEreforr, uy no 
luorc than that he whneiiimate* ihe 
laluc or labour by that of provitioog, 
will find in thi* book (p. 46) the fol- 
lowing curioni confulation. 

In a icaleor prices made in the leign 
of Philip and Mary, probably in 1695, 

•'Tha umepTiee (I^J.) ii fined Tor tlie 
tauMgOMttad [he&Iteit pig. Tlie nr- 
dlflMy pric* of tks time »u ntueh Tower. 
*" It TMparking; on the greit rise of jW'cei 
— ■ h-. re^, qooW.ftoni. 



cheese, and meal ; for in the quatlcri 
of the year IS85, from March to June, 
ihey were tety cheap, and so alio in 
the ivBo following quanera ; whercai 
in ihequiiier brginninBDec, 12, lAS.S, 
ending March II. 1586, ihey were very 



Timj far ii 



of the 





IxfnrB lasi. 


■D ga>»n 


riHD SO pel 


mi::: 


Cuant Tou, n 


Ml toon 1 




M Uy m; 


tiudi un f;> 


catHil ltd 




ehickea fu 


Id,' ■■ &c. 



lainiy of fixing a siaodard of value, 
fioni compariion of pricu with com- 
mndiiiei. Now let us hear our anihor 
Mr. Lloyd, brother of the late Bishop 
of Oxford. We lecom mend the pas- 
lage lo the mirnlion of political ecn- 
noifiisli, who ar*: alone in the poisei- 
aioD of Aladdiu't lamp, and conjure 
awaj diflieuliic* with the hocus-pocui 
ofThanur 



■acicedeotl} |i 



nuialutgllli. 

r kaovledgfl of the | 



» of com, 
ent of lliB 



•■Thii ri»e of prices followed the su- 

^nor cheapness of the precious mc- 

^, ihraugh the conqneit of South 

i Tor beRpnri lamentably in- 

Ln the beginning of ihe slx- 

jnih ctiitury, not only in England 

^I in other counliies, through the 

in enhancing the price of commo- 

» {Owen and Blalieway's Shrews- 

/, 1. 387-) We roav judge of the 

•eqacocca by the following facts. — 

arpenier's wages in IS60 was Hd, 

t DOW ti 3i. adsy. (Id. i. I3g.) In 

N>, I3if. was equal in value ioSii. 

cording to the price of wheat at 64i. 

iVhateTcr may be said of gormand- 

5 in ihe preaeni day, we arc sure, 

I the modern expense restraining 

Bulgencc, it must have been nioie 

Don fornierlv ; forin the work be- 

j»(p.44) is'a" valuation of corn, 

f, ace. made in Warwickshire, 

t. Bl, 1290, IM [id. !.'■ uken from 

^gdale'iMSS. In that »c find (he 

Mrlh 10 be, of li tucking pigs, 3d. ; 

B <lach*i 1 ^ ; I a silver spoont, \0d. ; 

ft Uiu» being therefore a fraction 

Btrr Ibiti a halffKiiny > piece. 

" «aa and liinca of ihe year hait 

■uda whh ilic priecf of buitcr. 



iag ia tl» HH oF the Windior TMn) 
(brms no canDecud leriei reipecting inji 
UDB place. Our iDftirrDitioa reipecting the 
vigei of taboiv it itill more untttiilKtary. 



inacctmte principle of jiid^ment, whiob Hip- 
pOHi, ahM ii lar from tbs truth, thH (he 
pricn of cora and the mgi of labour aia 
rFipectivelif the »ni> at the Hme lion 
lliiuuehuuL the whula of the coaalr} ; ud 
though coaclutioDS thu> ulitiiDAl, when 
cautioiulj dn«a, ud checked b; refereoca 
(o collsMnl circumalucei, ids; id Tut ^n 
D»ay iniMBCti rurm cotenble ■pproiima- 
tloDi (o the liuth, lai ii their utility louch 
leiiened b; llie imperftct clwnieler of the 
reaioniDK, and the diitmst ihich we nuiC 
]g tbem B> the found- 



'■The apidintloD aliii of'chu principle b> 
furtner timu ii Ini safe ihui it would be to 
the pieieni. The equatiiaiinn of pricei be- 
tween different plaeei depeadi on the &ci- 
iitj of commuBicalion between those plaei 



..rlj, wl 



naableto 






uf^r- 



■ irerebaduideomnii 
lifficult, coniiderahle dilfenDCci 




140' 



RBVXBWr— Murray on Aimo^lUrical EUtiticUy, [Aag« 



Tlie work before ue is rounded npon 
the materialft which have been coUeeu 
ed with a view to the Statute, which 
enaotiHl that a portion of college rents 
should be paid in corn« or its oonlcm- 
porary value. As our author has not 
illustrated this enactment, we shall. - 
Fuller (Hist, of Cambridge, p. U4,) 
informs us, that Sir Thomas Smith, 
principal Secretary of State| was the 
father of this Act, and surprised many 
of the House of Commoas, who did 
not see that there was any dificrcnce 
whether the college received their 
rents in money or goods. But *' the 
politic Knight took advanta^ of the 
cheap year (1676-6). Knowmg here- 
after that grain would ^row dearer, 
mankind daily multiplying, and li- 
cence being lately legally ^iven for 
transportation/' The result u (conti- 
nues Fuller), that when the collegee 
have ieasi com, they have mstt hr^adt 
i. •• best mmntenanctt iho dividends 
thou moMAting the hif^hest. 

Fleetvrood says, in his Preface,'* that 
be looks upon old University Rolls and 
Bursar's Aceoants as the best guides 
in inquiries of this nature: because 
oor general histories Jo mostly give us 
the prices of things which are exira* 
ordinary, either for cheapness or dear- 
aess; whereas the college accounts 
daiiver faithfully the ordinary aiid com- 
mon price of moat commodities and 
provisioas." Wa need not say that 
this ffemark is the best eulogy of the 
work before ua, which is an cxcellenl 
companion to the Chronieon Precio- 

8IHD. 

A Treaiite on Atmospherical EUetrieUy ; in." 
eluding Lightning Rods and P^agreUs, 
By John Murray, FJSJt. F,LS, ife. Sfe, 
Post 8do. pp. 150. 

B$searchu in Natural History* Second Edi^ 
lion. By Ae same, Posi Sw. pp, 146. 

Ma. MURRAY seems to liave a 
predilection for electricity; and no 
ardent lovers neglect their mistres^s. 
The only doubt is, whether they do 
not in general over-estimate their 
charms ; and sincere as is our declara- 
ration of the keenness and value of Mr. 
Murray's research, we onjy fear that 
in an iustaixu: or two he haa rather too 
much assumed the operation of elec- 
tcicity aa th« instigating cause of soma 
phenomena. At the same time wa 
j/# satisfied that the whole eiUMit of 
Mf ^Sefiemy /> aoi known, ami thai 



his assigned causes may be true, al* 
though they are not clearly proved. 
Bat we feel no inclination to expatiate 
on the subject, and think it oi some ^ 
importance to lay before our readers 
the novel subject of parasreles, con- 
geners of conducting ro£, but far 
more efficient, Mr. Murray thinks, in 
loeal protection. 

From the injury done to corn and 
vines by hail, paragreles are exten- 
sively used in Italy, Switaerlaod, and 
France, In their original form they 
consisted of poles, surmounted with a 
point of brass, from the lower extre- 
mity of which proceeded, as a con- 
ductor, a straw rope, with a strong 
linen thread twisted throughout its 
extent. It has been improved, and is 
represented in the frontispiece. But 
we are further told, that Pinnanzi of 
Mantua, as early as 1788, proposed ilie 
erection of numeroua metallic points 
in the Belda, for the purpose of de- 
prirtng the clouds of tnelr electricity^ 
and thus preventing their resolution 
into harl. Afterwards M. L'Apostolle 
of Geneva endeavoured to modify 

"The erection! proposed by Pionaasi, 
by (he sabsiifeution of straw roues ooly \ but 
these were found to be insufScient, and had 
ftUea inlo dneredia and oblivion, when 
Moaa. Tollaid of the CoUage of Tarbet in 
Fraoca, in the dapartmant of the High Py^ 
rannees, revived toaa in a modified form ; 
his plan was to erect poles of willow, pop- 
lar, pine, chesnut, &c. armed with sharpen- 
ed brass pointa, attached to a rope formed 
of ripe barley or rye-straw twisted through- 
out, and contended tbat he had thus suc- 
ceeded in securing a territory of ten eom- 
unmcr." — p. IS I. 

The efficacy of them having been 
controverted, the following testimo- 
nies among others have been adduced 
in their favour : 

" Sign. Perotti of Sao Giovanni di Caa- 
sara, having plstitad paragreles on an extent 
uf 16,000 perches, found that hia com fields 
and vineyards had sustaiaed no damage, 
though fiurleen storms bad passed over 
them, and fell in full fury on the neighbour- 
ing lands.'* 

** By order of the Sanl'nian Govemment^ 
1467, paragreles were placed near Cham- 
bery, on a chain of mountains, from their 
base to their summit. On the 5th of Au- 
gust, 1895, a violent stoim took place, 
whicb extended exterior to the pale of the 
paragreles, bat no hall fell among them ; 
beyond their sphere, however, boSh hail 
aad thunder were abiiadBnl.'*-^p. 144. 



Q.3 IUTiBV^---UiimL)r'« tUieartha 



a ihtie and other gucccisrnl re- 
j, Mr. Murray ailils. From his own 
wltilgc, ihai where pia^reles had 
t btta eircltd, the virwjiifds were 
^% destrnyi'd hy hail, while those 
BplieJ wiin ihem arre uiiollj/ uniii- 
^--'— p. 135. 

e cauic or lh« proleclion n thui 
by our author. Hail is an clcc- 
pfieuomenon, and 

b« promlod to • 

i.eqa.Uy 



bt Natural tOttory. 149- 

ipak chemi • 



^■" It Ml hnkted rod 
■■ppUuuJ by 



I, Um by illurdiiig 

Duld be .ubdivid'ed \o lUe ntia of 
in llw furoier n», il is in 
, iTid !a the talUI iniuncr 
U muiy fnclinni ; Daited ttrcngch 
«, uJ ID tlie oiher !t ii enfteblcd 
•B, A jpnnge (Dtunted wiih mo'u- 
I. •(Uchtd 10 thi lamduclor of an tltc- 
, and thui opentod upon, tS- 
ft wry goeil «luciJMiaa of the iluim 
J M uecUd by the puigrclf. lod it 
tuBt, m tbiok, in > very latii&cvniy 
ia«f, how ihiC, though bejond the peii- 
ty vbich embncei the Geld of pan- 
ic*, (h« rein may be liolenl, and the de- 
nding drojs of caniidenble '■ '" 

^ being coogeilFd Furm bailiio! 
' * r, y«t art modilied 



I or frig- 
lu gentle 



It ptb of tha paragfelot, a 



J coins •ilhiM 



deteriDined by 1 
nki ihaL I 



..'. Murray thinks ihat the adop- 
I of pamg'dei in this country 
■ I, inler alia, be ihe means of pro- 
isOtig conaefviinrm, hot-hooHi, Sic. 
bniine dmrnciion of [he gliis. Hop< 

milt, Jkc. bnl, above all, 
*■ Guojiwdei uugaiine* ihouhl ba uu- 
•tdail by a dwubl* Una at paiagHlei ; all 
MM b« wfr a»l •»»"« ttiUii* i)<. ciccum. 
tlif^tm U die obarnMd eiicla." — p. I4j. 
I In p. SS, thai curious lubjecl aero- 
**" pge« Mr. Murrsy'i aiitmion. 

ihey conuin no subilance 
tokiiewn in thit g1ob«, he rejects ihc 
y of l*elr ejeciion Tron^ «ny other 
ihnot, and eK)ilnini their origin ihtii. 
_ >, th«l volcanic cruplion* nay 
iDu iImI* iluM 10 >n etitttnioua aUitudc, 
Mid I'l ib« (lisiaiu-e of 6(K) mileaj and 
itMl nrbcu the: a«i»o»jib(/e i* loadtU 



" It heDome. ai it -ere, to 
alty, latunled with meuUi 
arthy puticlei ejected fium volcanoei. 01 
iriied up by einporaliun or ulhei caiusi 
Dd dwae will oacuiarily be diffuaed 0T«r 
■n iraneoiB lur&ee, where tlity Boat id tha 
Bupetior regions of Ote air till the llghloiBg 
dartt through them, earrying lik« a plongh- 
■hare aocuinaiated matter In it. progiw,, 
and by the powirful elertricar attraction 
thui moiled, iheia particlo will be drawn 
into the voiMK of the Jlghuune iostanta- 
neouily; for the lightning finally mo™ ntar- 
iDg an eleeirlcity of an oppoiite kind, aa 
eaploiiOD eoiuet, and ib« colle«L«d mu* w 
iuUDtaneanily foMd and agglu^nateri, 
while th( meteorulit* thiu funned turabla* 
in the ground."— p. 54. 

From Ihc linearches in Natural 
Hitloty, we learn that the vitality of 
the bluod ia maintained by nervout In- 
Buence, and ihtit the lauer is analo- 
gous to electric agcncy.-p 19. 

Ihe Followiog extraordinary cir- 
cuiDitancc occurred at Patii: 

" A foonle of adTanced age wu lo af' 
Acted with horror on bearing that her 
daughter with two children tn her armi had 
precipiuted out of a window, and were VM- 
ed 00 the iool, (hat her akiii m a (Ingle 
night, from head to fool, became at Hock 
as that <^d Ttrgro, and the change canlioDed 
pernuDeni." — p. 14. 

Of the effect of open countrie* on 
the weftlhct, Mr. Murray saji, 

"Baio will be alwaji more fteqaent and 
eopioue, and ofteacr lepoat iu periodia re- 
turn to tha ipol ihadtd by ircei, than ia 
DDea dinrleti of the poimiry, and apart front 
tliem, a fiu;t of the utmotl impoiruaca in 
tlie/ornbilian of roadi, and ooe thai ihould 
be aenr loet light of." — p. as, 

We wish thai Mr. Murray had 
avoided the palpible, ui wc ihinJi, ex- 
aggeration ill Itic rollowiii^ poiiage; 

■■ lo the month of July latt, in the rici- 
nily of Strnffurd en the Lichfield road, clowd) 

JIgg hovered i««r it; but no moitture wat 
preeipitated eacrpl in the vicinity of iIm 
treen and hed^ei, and hera the dcpoiition 

of a lofty imidated Lombardy poplar, ti'terr 
Iht fati vol w CBTuidieTablt, that ij aigki 
have bent and at ail admirabit ihouer bath, 
and » eanptele a riimltt wot fomni, at 
nughl JuH teal airrctiil Wilh effect 
the v'hal (fa lau-miU." — p. BO, 

An aathnr ihould never be 
prudent as to eaclle ineredutity, cape- 
cially un a nhiloui^hical at Vi\Mm\<^ 
subject. Wc hone vViaV Wt.'NVwiw^ 
wiU like aui o\Miv«utin\n ^tx*^ ^tv 



l&O 



UEViBW.^-Pickerlng on Emigration. 



[Aug. 



for his two works are curious and in* 
stractive. 



ErmgnUion or no Emigration f being the 
. Narrative qf ike Author fan English 
FanmerJ Jrom the year 1894 to I8d0» 
during whieh time he traversed the United 
States of America and the British Province 
qf Canada^ with a view to settle as an 
Emigrant, By Joseph Pickerings late of 
Fenny Stratford^ Buckinghamshire, ISmo.. 
pp, 139. 

THE results of certain measures^ 
whatever may be abstractedly said in 
vindication of those measures, are cer- 
tainly those described in the following 
paragraph : 
• " Are there one half the number of pro- 

Iirieton and occupien of land now in £ng* 
and there were aO or 40 years ago ? Is it 
not a notorious hct, that Urge landed pro- 
prietors buy all the small farms and lots of 
land they can meet with ! I have known 
parishes that had forty or more small pro- 
prietors and occupiers of land, where now 
there is not more than one -third of that 
number; the remainder generally becoma 
labourarSf nearly their only resource, throw* 
inig an extra quantity of tne article of labour 
uto a market sufficiently supplied, and con- 
sequently depreciation its value below a just 
and equitable price, tne landholder and fund- 
holder reaping the benefit from the deprecia- 
tion. But it will be asked, why will farm- 
ers give a greater rent than they can afford? 
I answer^ because those fiiruers that still 
have a little money left must rent a farm at 
some price ; they cannot do any thing else t 
all other tndet and occupations are already 
overdone. 'J'be landlord is enabled to keep 
up his high rents by throwing three or four 
larnis into one, thereby creating a competi- 
tion, by reducing the number in the mar- 
ket; while, as I before said, two or three of 
these fisrmers must probably go to the pa- 
rish I the one that gets the enlarged fium 
will curtail his expenses to meet the high 
rent, by reducing the number of htbouwrs 
kept on the four farms ; thus he impove- 
rishes the farm, and that in return impo- 
verishes him, until perhaps in a. short time 
his resource also is in the same degraded 
station, the parish." 

Now it IS impossible that poor lands 
can be brought into foil production 
without a large stock, especially of 
sheep, and such a stock cannot be 
supported without a sufficient domain ; 
and if the system augments the num- 
ber of paupers, as Mi. Pickering pre- 
aomes, then, as he says, 'Emigration 
appears the only remedy in the hands 
<if those who may have sufficient mo- 
iMff to carry ihtm out of the influence 
*he erl/'^Htut of the country,^* 



This being a book of travels, we 
shall, according to our custom, make 
some amusing or instructive extracts. 

We generally apply the term Yankee 
to all Americans ; but its specific mean- 
ing beyond the Atlantic is a native of 
New England, and is synonymous with 
a Yorkshire bite in England. 

Old residents (it seems) do not mind 
the bite of the rattle-snake or copper- 
head, because many vegetable antidotes 
are well known in the woods, (p. 46.) 
Thus it seems that the study of medi- 
cal botany highly merits the public 
attention, and vindicates the Society 
which has been instituted for its en- 
couragement. 

It seems that 

** Oxen will drive any number of wolves, 
and even throw down the strongest fence, 
with a strange noise to get at them, when 
a calf or cow is attacked.'^ — p. 53. 

Every body has laughed at Mat- 
thews*s ludicrous exhibition of an 
American Militia training day. The 
truth is, that, except under iirospect 
of a war, it is "men-Iy a frolic" for 
the youngsters once a year. — p. 56. 

T'he method of road and canal mak- 
ing deserves notice for its cheapness 
and expedition. 

« With a kind of large shovel, having a. 
handle (called a scraper], and a yoke of 
oxen, the dirt is drawn into the centre, and 
rounded, which is called *' turnpiking." 
Four men and two yoke of oxen, one yoke 
and two men to plough, and the other to 
scrape, will do as much work in this way, 
wbere there are no obstructions, as fifteen 
or twenty men in the same time by the or- 
dinary way of digging." — p. 69. 

The Americans have some dirty 
customs. 

** Some smart lasses came in during tlie 
evening, most of whom took a smoke with 
the landlord and the landlady, passing the 
short black pipe from one to another ! Dis- 
gusting as this practice is, it is not so much 
as one in common use in the eastern part of 
Maryland, of girls Uking a « rubber" of 
snuff — that is, taking as much snuff as will 
lie on the end of tbs forefinger out of a 
box, and rubbing it round the inside of the 
mouth."— p. 71. 

Concerning the importance of Ca- 
nada, as a check uix>n American am* 
bition, our author says, 

** At the commencement of the late war, 
the province was invaded by the Americana 
in great force, who had the choice of points 
of attack. They burnt several places ; and 
expected an easif coii(\ucs( from the unprt- 




iaiUit amnigtd. DraimliyT.Simp' 
■tjinu Bngraccd j-y H. Boberli. 410. 



in ihe old 

i. plain 100, 

I (triiivings. 



ntijieli or Kgard to ih 
ihst thrre is very liii 
Goihic roid of lasle. I 
that noihing e»n ^ive a 
ilivn of these objects 
and ill etc fore nothing 
atchtenltigkally iiscruT than bonks of 
tucit a kind. The only iniGfortiine is, 
ihat mitchief is occasionally dooc to 
Miencc by arlisti taking up ilieo:ics 
which *rt uniound, and lo nromul^al- 
ing tuperliciat opinions, and eslabliih- 
ing prejudices, a most inioiical ihing 
ID learning. Thus they have picked 
up ibe name of Gundulf, as an enii- 
nent archiicclural Bishop of Roches- 
ter, who lived In the lime of William 
Rufut, and made all the old buildings 
of ihc couniry niior to the pointed 
^ mlem, Norman j and in the 
before lU, we have ihc tystcin 
Mr. Hickman broaghl furwiiid, 
ittcrly rxeluijes (according ko our 



Ancient BaiilUmal Fontt^' 

two diali net styles, the 

II or ronnd aich. 3nd 

pointed arch. All the 

were only variaiioni of 

Bcde IV3S nnl a Norniau, and 

oils ihe oput HamanUTitt and 

e pointed erch style, it was 

in the Ea.i lotig hrforr its 

ion into this country. Mr. 

Woods, in his Lelleis of an Architect, 

has engraved foreign buildings, which 

deciftively show that ihe appropriation 

of the term Engliili to ony Gothic ar- 

chilecture, whether debased Hocnan 

or Pointed arch, is also ilecitlcdiy erro- 

Mr-Rickman may be a mi- 

jbserver, and probably an able 

bui we know that his system is 

fallacious, and thai Gothic archilec- 

lure has perhaps lieen tlie moat unfor- 

of all archaeological iiibjccla. 

ror is even monstrous. By what 

lulhorlly can any roan nartlcularizo 

I Sorman style, when, if he will only 

»ke the arehiiectutal siibji'CIs in the 

lluminaiioni of the eighth century, 

ind compare them with those of the 

Tapeslry, he will see that the 

e precisely similar. 

on laid it down 8s a rule that 

re ancient, according to their 

ie largest being ihe oldest. It 

t to judge by the style of the 



The oldest font in this collection is 
that of St, Martin's, Canteibury, sod 

notwithstanding it is called (of course) 
iVormoN, it has every aspect of being 
coeval wilh the church, which Bedo 
declares to he Ramaa work. 



net u thtc here r«pr(>Fnteit : hot (be Driii. 



I make* ibur disiiu 



perm 



ivauii,ear1yEngli>h,dcc<>ratcdEng- ahkiioo. Actint we I 

k. ^-1 udi(ul»r English. That i^ao thil thii fuui hid 

a gross violation of his- taVen tu pieces nivl pm 

ive do Dot hesitale in af- 



"Th- 


celebritod font )b pirti 


lU,1, re- 


■nsrksbi 




with »h 


ith it ;< coDslreeted, tT< 


ty-fire in 


number 


vii. the coroiee, if it 


..^bese 


died, c 




f Bocqusl 


•iirt i ihB tier n«r below (b'i 


™u.L/. 


and Ike 


fimice are intrrlnl 'lylrO 


eumpriKs 




Dei, very uoequsl ID tiM g id the 1 


tttuai 


er .re eight .ton,,. -hie 


last tier ' 


eq«l ip 


«»: »Dd the third u 




COl.t.11 


ten Btonei of UDequil i 


zrs. The 


msteris 


is ■ (crv hud Umeitc 


ne. That 


side of Ihe font ohich ii not sh 


u»a in the 


ecgmio 




tme man- 



la of the jisttenu. WitU tliU u 



15f REVi«w,r-DoddridgB'i Currtip^iidence, Fol III [Aug. 

meed off teeh ftone upon lepAmta pteeci «<TIm eorer of [the fbot] at Thaxtted » 
•f paper, and put theon together in varioua ¥trj siognlar, as it b fixed, and the "whole 
wajt, to ascertain whether any other ariange* foot eompletelj beloted hy it ; on one side 
nent would be more correct, but in Tain." of the cover, or case as it may be more pro- 

Now we beg to obsenre, that the P^^, ~"«'? •portion opens by which ac- 
4ifjuoction oTthe ptitem, and the tT'JL^'^rl*^.**'^''' ^^v**^^******.^ 
juUr of a.e .toJ^ahow that the Sr:,%L'ft^^ ^^ ""^ '"" 

font it made np of pieces which be- » * «. 

longed to aone prei'ioot fabric. The 
interlaced ringi on the bottom have a 
strong aiaimilatioQ to the favourite Ro« 
man oroament, the guilioche; and at 
to the inCenecting archet whieh gi?e 
h a Norman look, it it to be reooU 
Iccted that a seriet of colomnt and 
mtertecting arrchet were found on 
a Roman paTcment 'at Looth, co« 
Lincoln. (Brittoa'a Architect. Antiq. 
▼ol. i. §. St. Botolph*t, Colcbetter.) 
The insertion of the til^ is also ana* 
ther Romanism. 

Now Staveley says, ''The Church 
of Sl Martin at Canterbvrjr it thooghl 
So be of the greatetC antiquity now 
standing." Venerable Bede sajrs, this 
church was built by the Romans, and 
the author of the British Antiquities 
says, it was built in King Locius's 
days. And certainly it carries anti- 
ouity in its face and bodj, being for 
tne most part built of British or Ro- 
man bricE. (Churches, 130.) The 
omamenta to be seen on this font, vis. 
the ribbon circles, with central beadt, 
ure quite common in the fourth cen- 
tury, as nuiy be teen frotn Du Cange 
and Banduri. Moreover, Roman or- 
naments occur on the circular archet 
of Saxon eburehes at Pad worth, Boc- 
klersburv, Thalcham, and Tid marsh, 
po. BerKs. (See Lysoot*s Britsfinki.) 
By whom or when the anciem pieees 
were collected and made inio a font, 
we do aot pretend toaagr; but we con* 
fidentJy affirm that the pieces have a 

cfaaraeler coeval with the dale of the 
■ »- 

CDUTCn* 

We assure our author that we highly 
value his beautiful prmts, and we only 
speak thus, because here, elsewhere, 
and everywhere, it is astonishing to 
tee what efforts are made to toflbcate 
the historical evidence relative to our 
most ancient buildinos, and Aisnuon- 
ize them. We really expect, if the 
iiishion be permitted Co pass uncon- 
trolled, that our Bonum tessellated 
pavements will next be made Nomum, 
•to the great confusion of ascertained 
history. 

In the Pref. p. ix. we hav^ the fol- 
'^•Wing ttccoaat • 



We apprehend that the cover 
fixed, and the aperture made, when 
immersion was deemed unnecessary. 

We beg it again to be distinctly un- 
derstood, that we by no means wish to 
depreciate this elegant work, because 
we have thus differed from the system 
of Mr. Rtckman | for in truth the 

gates are exceedingly beautiful, aud 
om- ^e subjection of its objects to 
injury and difapidation, the collection 
U not only now valuable, but must 
become okore so every daj. 

Doddridgt's Corre^mdmice, Fbl. UL 
Colbum and Bentley. 

THIS amply retrieves the dullness 
and frivolity of the two previous vo- 
lumes. We have now Dr. Doddridge 
presented in his true character. A 
sound scholar and an accomplished 
divine, devoting heart and soul to the 
hiboors of his ministry, and dedicating 
his gjreat acouirements to the service m* 
religion: aoorning the doctrine he 
pfeached by holiness of life, and pre- 
siding over his pastoral charge wiih a 
ilfrnplicity of purpose, a singleness of 
h^art, and a fervour of anxious watch- 
fttlness, rarelv equalled, and never sur- 
passed. His letters are truly delightful \ 
to playfulness of fancy he unites so- 
briety of thought y the outpourings of 
an aflfectionate heart, and a devout 
spirit, are arrayed in language eleeant 
and chaste : while his epistolary style is 
classical and ** English undehfed." 
fiis deliverance from the thraldom of 
the flirts, whom he distinguished by 
his attentions in the former volunies, is 
refreshing to witness ^-tvhilst as a 
husband and a father he now presents 
a beautiful picture of that cenjugal 
love and parental tenderness which is 
founded on the solid basis of Chrisdan 
principles, cemented by perfect cooge- 
nialitj of tastes and sentiments, and 
sanctified by a consciousness of the 
high responsibilities appertaining to 
such sacred engaeemenls. His corre- 
spondence with Warburton and Clarke 
exhibits the depth and solidity of his 
learning — his critical acumen^ and his 



18S0.] 



lUfiKW. — Warner's Ltlerarg ReeoUeelimt. 



K biblical knowledge. Id short 
he it now prcteoifd ai ilic Df. DoU- 
dridge who llaa lolij; been the pride 
and ofRBnient or ihe Protcaiaat »ecl 10 
whirh he belonged — ihe Doddridge, 
belated of Wniti, whom Kippli 3e- 
lighlcd 10 honour, and whom VVar- 
burion and Seeker dislinguiihed bj 
their praite. The celclitaied author 
orUie Family Ex poiiioriofihe awakea- 
\af tolume «q the " Rite and PiOjtreii 
of Rctigioa in ihe Soul,'' and of (tioie 
other worki which have preterved a 
name and a lepuiaiion wherever vital 
Tclieiou it esteemed i wherever learn'OE, 
iiiiJebated bf |>edanlry, i> honoured j 
3od whererer tiuccriljr, undeformid 
)iy Inlnlerince, and tectariunisni, un- 
umtcd by bigotry, are rigbily appre- 

Therc are ptrfeel moJeli of style to 

fc« found In ihe correipondencc of 

Doddridge, which bc.irt a closer re- 

■ccnblance lo thai of Cnwper than 10 

•ny other nriter we cotitil name. We 

hare the ume graeeful eaie, and the 

ttiDC affectionate lenderncsi and digiii- 

fieii Tiracitjr in hit ramillar Letters, 

i Hit tame pathos, the same rotemn 

n>e«lne» in those of a mote devout 

erioua chsracter — they may be 

vilh advantage by the tcholar, 

i (tiulied with improvement by the 

Brialiaii; they have consolation fnr Ihe 

fanrnet, lympaihy for the luiTcrer, 

i « word in season for all. They 

ibiaca a period of something more 

~a ten yeart, the most interesting 

I the mott useful period of Dod- 

■pt'a moit useful life. Whether 

Hlia of the Letter* are oiiainal, or 

B been lupplied by the Ediior, we 

WDOt, bultncyare not unTreqacntly 

nut, and often in bad laiie. 

v* will close our remarks and out 

BawndMiions, with the expreuion 

witbea for the lucctu of 

, by extracting the teili- 

f o( Warborton to the merits of 

id^e"! Family Espositor. 




hunwn Teiira- 
iog ID tha'NoMt balair. The rugnlc oF all 
HM, that tbe nyi ilie it ture jmi an ■ vary 
good iDu, arul I un *asa jou ore » very 

" I ut down to your Nulei with > pnt 
deil of malice, tad t. deleiraineit rttolutioQ 
tint 10 ipua jou. And let me tell jdd, n 
iDin olio cuininiinti on the Bible tITurdt all 
the opportunity a CJtvillar cnuld wiih for. 
Uut yuur judgneat it *l«i;'> to triiB, lod 
your deciiiun to right, tliat I im u unpm- 
fittlile » reader to you u the leait of your 
flock. 

" A friend o( taiae, Dr. Tiylor, of New- 
ark. [M.D.) obo bu teen year bnok, deilrei 
to be a lubjcriber. If you Kill be to good 
ai 10 Bidor ■ book to be left fur him at Mr. 
Uytei'i, he hu urden to pty for it. 

" ' ' trtf to Incline (■» 



ortbri 



1 paperi 1 






, Dr. Middle tonv 



to thr public by my fi 
forbiiLifcofTully. 

" t am. ttear Sir, 
" Your very tffceiiotiate Frlaodaod Brother, 
" W. WAanwBTOH." 



Waroer'i Zifcrary RecoUcttions. 
(CoueludcJ/rom Pari I. p. lilb.) 

Mr. WARNER commences his ■«• 
eond volume with his lettlemenl at 
Bath, where he residwl for several 
yean, and diEiinguished himself as an 
exemplary divine. That mode of living, 
however, was productive of few if any 
adventures ; and the volume is chiefly 
filled with anecdotea of pcnoni who 
were di^ilnguithed in their day as lite- 
rati, pbilotophcrt, or ptiblieomiricten. 
Most of these anecdotes are very inte- 
resting ; but we are compelled to omit 
them, for the purpoie of extractiitg 
some which show In a very favoorabte 
ight the lad and undetsianding of 



Geoe 



:tTHiF 



, Cii7njrri4gfi April 1 1 



1739. 



eoDiultiag bmki ooljr lu lie met with here, 
hu famDght ma to Cambridge; but my long 
sigbtt io enmpaajr mtlis ny momiegi by 
Dywif *n very ihart, that 1 am likely to te- 

hw dayt. 

8 



•' Ou (he appuintmeni of Dtvid Hartley, 
ai envoy to tlie Amriani Stales, Ufore that 
appointment nai aimed i Fox. an liii eom- 
mupicaiioD of it to tbo King, atkcd hit Ma- 
jetty wbetlier It would be agrcaUli |o faim, 
to ncaiia an Amailcan Mislater ia return. 
The Kinj-a re[)ly wtt Juit and proHri 
manly and ingenuous ; and ip«i6etlly adapt- 
ed in ilia uDfbrtUDate litutioa of affain : 
■Mr, Fai,(he;iAn»eaf yourquoti^n laibai 
inrpriic) me. It cannot be ngrnaile to mej 
but, 1 can, and I du apet to it.' Fdx, 
biouetf, related tliii tu DvidUtitSe^., vs- 



1^ 



Select PoMrg. 



[Awgr- 



Rtvolvaag jam coiifinn'd ihj unj^ 
Europe in Arms (bj downnll tovgfat i 

Yet witD new strength, from day to dvf, 
Succeeafttl Chiefs thy battles foi^ht. 
Rule, BritannUy &c. 

Jhj andeBt Eaipira lo neiatAui, 
Howe, Jervii, DanQur, N«leo« mtey 

Bovn to extend chj N»Tal nigs, 
Aad heap coiifiitinn oa thy fioet. 

Rulet Britaaniay &fi« 

Ttmir orcwt by bright exanple fir'd» 
Secur'd thiae Empire o*er the sea« 

^d, with oae heart aad soul iospir'd> 
ProcUim'd abroad thy fis'd decree. 
Rule^ firitaaAJib &ۥ 

Eaalted now to fill the throne 
His honour'd aoeestors poisess'd, 

Lonff BMy his grateful subjects own 
Witliam, by Heaven's protection blest ! 
Rule, Britannia, &c. 



PATRIOTIC PREDICTIONS. 
By JouM Tatlom, Esq. 

XmjMAM THE FOURTH, Son of our 
•^ loyal Isle, 

Began his reign with a benignant smiloy 
With eager haste, at Mercy^ sacred plea. 




Dnunr' 

kntfb; 

Mercy w|th Justice thos hia aim to blend, 
To Vtrtoe proving a Jodiclous friend, 
Lei^ving w darker crimes to righteous 

IJeaT'n, 
At H9 dread hour to fUl or be fbrgiv*n. 
Hence we may now prepage, throughout hia 

reign. 
He Mercy s plea with justice will maintain ; 
Hence too with equal hope we maj pnaage. 
That bounteous patronage will mark nis age ; 

thb couotiy was departed. Our bnivest 
efMMiMDdeny who in the preceding war had 
nemed irresUtible* were oaffled, in spile of 
their most strenuous endeaTours, while the 
French fleets, headed by pliant officers be- 
longing to the ancient noblesse of the coun- 
try, hA in the outset of the American war 
maintained nith distinguished spirit and ta- 
lent the honour of their national flag. Nor 
was it indeed till the sailing of the noble 
Admiral Rodney, on board of whose fleet 
Priqae William Henry, our present truly 
gracioui Snvereign, first embarked in the acr- 
▼Ip* ef hiaconntry, that the naval soperiority 
or this ooontiy ravived. On the victory ob- 
taiand over Laagan, the Spanish Admiml'r 
4 Vb M ft pnaM taken m hia praaenne, was 
nfim hjwt commander, the AiycZ mi" 



That Fame will waft hie woiih with ev'iy 

gJe; 
Gbnius a new Augustan ara hail ; 
And all snrrotmdiog States in William find 
The friend of Freedom, Virtue, and Mankind. 
If e'er a foe should dare to menace war. 
Hell prove at once a Soldier and a Tar, 
Cherish each Service with parental zeal, 
WhUe they united for their country feel. 
Like brothers rush amid the glorious fight^ 
And rise triumphant with resistless migbt ; 
1Sk> at our William's word shall discord 

cease, 
And grateful Europe rest secure in peace. 

LINES 

Oh the Ocearion <f the Death of Us late 

matt gracious MtujeHy Kino Giorob IV. 

QRIEF-struck and pale what beckoning 

form appears. 
And leads in silence to the vale of tears ? 
Alas ! Britannia mourns— no common pain 
Subdues the heart that tear assaults in vain. 
What source of woe, aad whence that pen- 
sive eye, [sigh ? 
Say, sacred Maid, and breathe an answerbg 
817, shall the Muse the hapless truth de- 
clare, QMtre ; 
For sacred themes her anxious mind pre- 
Unhappy task ! trembling, the lyre assays, 
Dbhearten'd and unconscious of its lays. 
Death haunts the r^al halls ; in dread array 
Of moody triumph, mark his spectral way ; 
Bedew'd and oostly with a Nation's tear. 
In solemn state he bears the Royal bier, 
Piatamal tombs receive the Prince in rest 
Araonff the good, how worthy to be best. 
Sepolcnral cnaropion ! take the sad remuns, 
Tnis earth has lost a soul which Heaven gains. 
Great Brunswick ! thou art gone,~etemal 

Fate, 
Rellevea the burden of thy mortal state ; 
Immortal thou in life ?— our tears confess 
He cannot mourn thy parted soul the less. 
He i glorious Prince of these most fsvour'd 

Isles, 
No longer rules amid all peaceful smiles : 
Alas ! BO longer that great Patron's hand 
Inclines his favours o'er his own lov'd land, 
Science and Art the nipping gloom attest. 
Struck by the chill that binds the Royal 

breast. 
The painter's hand is still, the poet's tongoa 
Declines the wonted £srvoar of his song ; 
Sculpture forsakes her bt a a t hl eas task to 

weep I 
And Music dumb, regards the silent sleep. 
Nor here alone— the mighty realms a&r^ 
Wide-spread and moving in the din of war. 
Give tearftil tribute to ma honour'd name 
(Those tears how soon a vaoqu'ish'd fee may 

' chum). 
All helpless own the mighty power of Death, 
Tht conqoeror^s conqaeror« in one little 
bceath. 



tomg lUt Len»tli ihf Gint 
ol, ['""'. 

< night, ud jlMi its IpiLIIng 
It heut lint ff >U tliehiiDgfluwnrgiier, 
tlir Itiitli ihu uutki tba tEar- 
lo'd le:>r. F. R. 

Ktmssuvk-niiu. Queen' i-squarc. 



OEOIIGII IV. 
K|OW llul dime fja are tiai'd Tn ittXh, 
[.od power, 
Tlu "gloriei of thy birth iiiiil itau,"* 
An p*»'d, u the «ia pij^iul uf u 

diulD thai poorcoiM. beouth i1iiit|iHt]t, 
fh. Iribiilc uf » Briton". Igvc I niy- 

^ NMtc>ih<>lwi<.eKii.e,Wth<<:oidcU7, 

Fo(»of1dIj'id'uii'tlm.''TI«'j»l7'de«d 
Mocluhim, Hhuoffen it-, hut truth, iuiteid. 

O'er ihg reft Ctown, ihJl m 

-The King who 



Co brinp e-en M.jnli id low. 

TIlBE Kil^e muit uy, • Uh, Gnd, I'm 
dying I" 
Thui when diieiie, with npid ttrlde. 

To Ni^tutegive the fail blow, 
^Vlien Deuhoor Mi.oirch .Eond beilde. 

To wufi blm fiun ihe^e kcdci of woe, 
Rt^iiKiun eootb-d hii dyin^hour. 

And wjthliii life'i dfp4rtiag breeth, 
Thr.>- tmitlag hitli, in Mercy\ power. 

Serene lie whiiper'd, " Thil is Death I " 

We hnvf tteri finimrtd icilA variait pattie 
tJTutioiu pamed during the hit coitlalfd 

to Ihe fulloiving, which viat reumaiaetUfd 
ly an old and calned Ctnttponirnt. 
DERRTSFAREWELLtoDAWSON, &«. 






which h 



, beneuh hli Tu 
faL of Boirciw, but hiA eya 
II gluten with ■ tctr of Chtilt]' i 
|! if<lefeet<, thebetti>nd»i>c>th.ve, 
Kttbem.furiilty.leBictheiu.-iotliaiGud, 
uOoil.whaliftitheUluce, oitlieiud,— 
|il aIdm, witli pArtiug prey'r, the cuftuio 
a'cr the gnw. ' 
rtO, W, L. BowLii. 



'pHElongnethituncaiaS.nsriiLD-sei 
-^ Thetoulor&rvnur.hed, 

Now hence u >»ute in D.wion'i jaw.. 

So ileepi the pride of LuHiiv'. day.— 



in Burgeuei ind Kirghit 
:i It Fhee men's nil, 
■remnant of our lighu 
It Slepheo'l hiN, 
•nt there from Dcnnv lay, 



■ THIS IS DEATH ! " 
aiti In reading Ihc lirp"rl uf Ihe last 
^yrA <|r Am lule Mnjtsly GioncK the 

By W.U.Fn.s-cw. 
ITHEN in the plenitude uf yean, 

Lif* fluwi «iib ;ret unceitun boiirt, 
d IB the lista Death .ppoari, 
Cicepiag with .low tliu' ttrengtheo'd 
pow'n; 
Tim w'il tlie tnily Clitiilian mind 
—That fwl. id mortal crmrje ii run, — 
>I»BfKi>6,0f P«in«.r.rhinJ, 
'^Mlga'd, (till «y ' Ood'i will be dona V 

It l]lo' M tenant of a throne, 
'w liw Mnnaicb revel, on thro' life. 
Whattho' )il* de«d. h»g brigUilf tbone, 

Hi*iag aUive the laried atrlft : 
Still doe. the bed of lickoei. thi>w 
iliat Deatli, dltliactlon. thui dcfyiog. 



of ye, froi 



the .kiei 



Thenw 




luld ynuT wounded boiumt feel. ' 
duk day tn beboM, 
ihat our Faiheri wan by iteel, 
' ioot betnyed for gold '. 
g »ill clioote gnod nrn and ttue, 
Kieu like our Sire, of old, 
Wlio fear or falwhoml never knew. 

Who n.-er their country (oldi 
And Jones .nd Biti.dn brave )l 

In ECOm .,f hril.e or plaM, 
Imtead oflhnie. who dII now knc 

Were Dtiinv'i deep diigraee, 
FARamLL, then, if we .0 ibouM laj, ^ 

But wberetne'er je uka your way, 

L>tiltK*Mawinfill thebneie. 
That ONE, at leail, by u> thought tra* 

To England') Church and Crown, 
Swluced by Salan'a UMtVbu «i*«. 

When tried, tioVa W»Vi &u«a. 



166 



Foreign News.^^Fwich RevqMwiL 



[Aug. 



Puk* of Orleant tnnounced that ha had ao« 
oeded to the withes of tht DepatieSf addioff 
that ha would place himself in the midst m 
the heroic people of Paris » and exert all his 
efforts to preserve them from the ill effects 
of anarch J and civil war. *< TlieChambersi" 
ha addedy '* are going to assemhle ; they 
will consider of the means of securing the 
reign of the laws, and the maintenance of 
the richts of the nation. The Charier uM 
hinerfartvard be a truth,** 

During this day the whole populatioa 
ware reposing after their victory, cheerfuly 
and ready for a new engagement. TUp 
atreetSy the quays, and tlie Boulevards, were 
unpaved here and there, and carefully barri- 
ceded. The balconies and terraces were filled 
with paving-stones. The citizens who were 
not at first furnished with arms, now had 
time to procure them, and were eagerly in* 
acribing their names in their respective 
vuroralties. The popular magistrates, io- 
jlailad by the Constitutional Committee, 
iumisfaed them with cartridges. On th^ 
■other hand, the military government was dis- 
heading, and its troops filled up the squares 
of the national guard. In this emergency^ 
Marshal Marmont consented Co take the 
command of such of the troops, including 
iha Swiss guards, as remaineid faithful to 
the King. A variety of movements were 
jnade to vtnnidate the populace, but with- 
out answering the purpose intended, the 
threats and acts of intimidation rather tend- 
ing to increase the popular ferment. Tlie 
next step taken by the general was to cut 
off from the capital the supply of provisions, 
and endeavour to starve the Parisians into 
subjeetioo. On the other hand, Laborde, 
at the bead of the national guards, was 
equally active in taking measures to coun- 
teract tliose of General Marmont. In the 
mean time, however, Chailes left St. Cloud 
with his suite in ten carriages. The 
4th regiment of royal guards, which was 
left nt 8t. Cloud to secure his retreat, was 
attacked by a multitude of the armed in- 
habitants of that town, the neigbbouriog 
conmuines, and the city of Paris. The na- 
tional party, under the command of three 
students of the Polytechnic school, tri- 
umphed; the royalists threw away their 
muskets, after carefully breaking the locks. 
The palace of St. Cloud was not pillaged, 
but the royal arms were everywhere defaced. 
At Versailles the people had taken up arms, 
disarmed the gardbf du corps, and forbidden 
the monarch to enter their gates. 

On Suurday the Chamber of Deputies 
met : M. Lafitte was president. A procla- 
mation by the Duke of Orleans was read, 
and 10,000 ordered to be printed. The oom- 
xnisaioo appointed to wait on his royal high- 
ness brought up their report by General 
Sebaatiani. The language oif the Duke, tbev 
Mut^ braaihgd )ove of order Ukd the laws, the 
4udtta$ duJjv oftpviDg Frsmce the scoui^e 



pf oivil and foreign war, tha wnh to make 
lite charter real. Tha Duka had proposed 
the immediate convocation of the Chambers* 
A manifesto, relating to tha provinces the 
events of the capital, and applauding with 
gratitude the exertions of the people, was 
agreed upon. Benjamiu Constant would 
submit the cuaraotees which he had pre- 
pared to convince the people of the purity of 
their Deputies, and their perfect freedom. 
The Deputies then resolved to go in a body 
to the Palais Royale, to wait on the Duke o( 
Orleans, and tkience, with the LieutenantT 
l^eneral of the kingdom, proceedad to the 
Hotel d« Ville, in order to qniet the doubt 
and agitation with which the public mind 
waa agonised. Lafitte, as president, read the 
proelsmation, which the Duke approved. 
11m Deputies were everywhere greeted with 
rapture and enthusiasm; but it waa with 
jnort intense delight and astonishment that 
tha people beheld the second proctssion^ 
with the Duke of Orleans, move to tha Ho* 
td de Ville. The Duke continued to show 
himself at the window, and to throw hit pror 
clamations among tiie crowd. 

On the 1st of August, Charles X. and his 
family passed through St. Pye, on tha way 
to Rambouillet. He loul his son were on horse^ 
hack, surrounded and followed by a garde 
du eorpe. The ministers were in tlieir car- 
riages. The guard was SOOO strong, with 
artillery. — On the 9d, Charles, in despair, 
retired to Rambouillet. Finding it Im- 
possible to retreat to La Vend^, he waa 
compelled to ask of the Provisional Govern- 
ment a sale conduct to the first sea- port, 
and offered to abdicate in favour of his grand- 
son tlte Duke de Bourdeaux. 

On Tuesday tlie 3d of August, the LieUf- 
tenaat-general of the kingdom opened the 
two Chambers with the followbg speech : 

*' Peers and Deputies — Paris, troubled in 
ita repose bv a deplorable violation of tha 
charter and tlie laws, defended them with he- 
roic courage ! In tlte midst of this sangnir 
nary struggle, all the gnaraotees of aodal 
order no longer subsisted. Persons, pro- 
perty, rights- eve r ything that b most v*- 
liutble and dear to men sind to citizens, was 
•xposed to the roost serious danger. In this 
abaence of all public power, the wishes of 
my fellow citizens turned towards me ; they 
have judged me worthy to concur with 
them in the salvation of the country ; they 
have invited me to exercise the functions of 
Lieutenant-general of jtbe kingdom. Their 
cause appeared to me to be just — the dan- 
gars immense— the necessity imperative — 
my duty sacred. I hastened to the midst of 
this valiant people, followed by my family, 
and. wearing those colours, which, for tlie 
second time, have marked among us the tri- 
umph of liberty. 

*' I have curoe, firmly resolved to devote 
myself to all that circumatauoes should re- 
quire of lae An Uva b'lViiUon in which they 



•■eb (:hh (vjli, hy iHiuiiag fn 
fu^mt 111 UtfC ChiiMt, ithoMi Pfttnc, inviibtd 
during (111 viinibaC, ns ilgo njipealcd tn tf- 
ur tin •iclur^. (Applime.) in the iceum- 
nliihlWBt or thii oubll Uik it ii far ibi 
Uumbtn tn gHidc ma. All right* muit 1h 
•olnnnlf gunnntnd, ill iha ioitituliuai nc- 
«nwn to thfir full kod frcs iicrciia muit 
ncdMthe Jtitlainntnu of irbieh thcj li»i 
Alttcbcd hj wcHnMina tnil cntii'iG' 



t<ili« p»rt iu A ffw ihia 

for Doborlj tremed to think of dinurbiog it> 

di«r, tike groupa diipeiitd m'J \ij eDclwal- 
ircDt, to mikeroum fm the deputiei. 

Meaawiiile. the irmrd |Mople, voluDteers, 
&c. hl>ing fuiind that (he Kmg did ncit 
■ '■ ■ ■ " ' ■■■ Bodlhet 



lie Miihed n 
BuurdeiDx, mn 






r of the Dul 



I of 



tlie Cluai,ii £l^KM,i>ll<M« 
Ihcf wen jnmd lij taue thuuiudi from 
RoucD, and fimcerdsd in the omDitiuue, 
cuMliee, caliiioleti, &c. aa IW ro^ to Bun- 
hau;llet, to faru him to tun. Faitiuntely 
ihe (eimc oonnieaced lierura thoir Hrita), 
uf there KDald luta been dreadful lUughwt, 
loiDC of the garde royafa (iabntr^F aail Un- 
cen) being la a lUCe at borrible ctciMneiit. 
Chaciet, aoootnpialgd b; hi> hmHy, left 
Rsmtiouiliet kt ten at night, haiing pre' 
le of tbo inhotry 
itored tike cTo*n 




i Deputtei— At innn *■ the 
re (hall be conAitutedi 1 ihnit have 
laid Iwfor* toil lh> acte of kbdicaiian of hie 
Maiotf Kixg Charin X. By ihc »me ut 
liie Huyai Hlghoeii Louie AntoiDC iW fVaace 



il^i wa> thsDuliedi 
iina. The tii-coluured flag waa hoiaiad a 

.11 the >teep1e> and od all the public nta 

bliahnwnla. Chailei tltpi on the Slh a 

and pnat-honei wen 



Chwnbcr of Degniilea wu occBpied, 
bom the 4th to theSlh orAiiguat,*ilh bu- 
■Ineti of the moit urgent impurtuic*. Qn 
Wednnday the4ch ita itttingi wen daelind 



Ti>i> 





of Au- 


guactn Vcl«k« nigl>l. Ih 


>a Ihii 






»d 1 


caoMil it to U ioaerud h> tUe offieia 


p«lof 


Ite Un*il.Br.- 




At Iha criM of •■ Viea d'Orleana : 


Vitela 




giftWtdi he ulmcd the Miemhly 




lfeMii,ind -itbdrew with hli •».<, 


Mended 




ed hmi 




llie nir 


mtthrlMdnl,ccl„03tl,»„, 77>e 


aliiinal 



t was Chamber w 
» for 



E dnpDied dF. On ttie 6th lbs 



Tba n 



tnt^ri 



M. C»i 
L-fitte, M. Banjami 
Dupin, M. Rojer-C 
taia Conitaot. On lh« Stll thaol 
rated in the Inhabllanta of Patia fur thnr 
lite heroic eiertiao), and it wax reealvsd la 

rcr*Dt nii'monble alraggle. M. Dupin llim 
biaught np ih( report of the camtaiuu M* 
painted to coot'iiBt viWv n«»»vim» "n. nii^i. 
be neceatarj in ninpt on xXvo ^™«t*. *■»>- 
gency, wliicii atnuA, i\\*t ift«?iV»AiH~ 
nioutlj ilecUicA l\i* l\"0 



r, M.Jaq 
1 Deleuert, the eldtr 
and M. BeoJB- 



; lackdA.-, xVlW. *i 



. . *..Lr*. [Aug. 

^ . ^ « f»^»at NMiing, as the inhlAMt- 
^ ^ j« .«jitf ju^aoCige of such a demon* 

.;««%.«. v.'!BU9el hu heeo appoints hj 

i^ t^* i,i**v«rameot of Fruice to aupereede 

Af^Mt-wt in the cummand of the furcct at 






\> 






.1 y^.i «#*! »he gtte of 

-. ^ ■* * ^''^^ m^jinti lo iBtimidace the 
- ^ ''■' ^^^ «^ puiatiag the gone of 
► v^*-" •• iheeiiy. Md threatening 

**'**^P^- |he line, which occupied a for- 
^' «| K'ur Weg»«» fwHn the city on the 
'^**l. •«• aiWtf^*** ^y about 9000 Bedouins, 

lack ttuua Algi«». When tlie account left 
AfeierfTiK »^«« '^^^^ •" •'****' ^'"" 6*0,000 
Hc^iuiaa wai expected. 

Oa the intelligence of the late proceedin^a 
la IVis being known to the tniops iu AN 
glen* (hey immediately proclaimed them- 
ael««a in favour of liberty and the charter, 
•rylngt *' Down with the Bourbona," 
•< jpiown with deapotiam." A few of the old 
toMiera exclaimed, '* Long live the £miierur 
Napoleon the Second.*' Marshal Bour- 
moat addressed the troops, requesting them. 
Sot the sake of themselves and their country, 



SOUTH AMERICA. 

OuATiMALA. — ^7*he city of Guatemala and 
ila envircms, in the re|niblic of Central 
America, has been destroyed by an earth- 
qnake. For five days there was a succession 
of the most frightful tremblings, which still 
continued at the departure of the mail, 
shaking to their fuundationi and prostrating 
to the earth the principal edifices, and com* 
palling the unfortunate inhabitonts to flee to 
the public squares and into the country, 
whore, to protect themselves from the 
weather, they had erected huts of palm-mats. 
The temples, which had already l>een robbed 
of their furniture and deprived of their mi- 
nisters (persecuted and iMnished), are ren- 
dered useless, particularly the l>eautiful 
church of St Francisco, which, on account 
of its size and pouden>us structure, has 
suffered most. The town of Amatitlan, a 
place of recreation in the vidnity, has licen 
totally destroyed. Guatemala was founded 
in 1594, on the declivity of a mountain, at 
whose summit was a volcano. In 1751 it 
was overwhelmed bv an eaithquake, and by 
matter from the viJcano. In 1775. having 
lieen partially rebuilt, it was again destroyed 
by an earthquake, and the greater part of 
the inhabitants buried in its niins. Its pre- 
sent site is about 25 miles south of the old 
town. 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. 
By a command fr«>m his Majesty the 
fnllowing alterations are hereafter to take 
place in the Army:— The unifttrm of the 
Officers of the Regular Forces to be laced in 
g«ild. The Cavalry, with the exception of 
the Royal Horse Guards (Blue), to be 
dreaded in red. The mustachios of the 
Cavalry (excepting the Life Guanis, the 
Royal Harse Guftrcis, and the Hussars) to 
be abolished. The fi>ur regiments of Hiis- 
sara t«» he dressed perfrctly alike. 1'heir 
officers t4> have one drrs.i only, and that of 
a less costly pattern. The cap lines and 
tassels worn on the caps of the officers and 
men of the Infantry to be abitlished, and 
the feather of lioth <ifficer and aoldier to be 
ahortened. Tiie gorget to l)e alM>lished. 
The officers and men of the Light Infantry 
to wear a green tuft instead of a feather. 
The banda of Infantry regiments to be dressed 
in white clothing with the regimental facings. 
Tha aur upon the officer's epaulette to be 
that of the Order of the Bath, instead of tliat 
c/kA# On/fr of the Garter. 'Vhe ferjeaots of 



Infantry to be armed in future with fusils 
instead nf pikes. 

The activity of the King astonishes every 
bt>dy : he ap|)ears to inherit all the early 
and temperate habits of his father. He 
rises at six o'clock, at which hour the 
messengers from the different Government 
offices are ap|x)inted to be in attendnnce, 
when, with the assistance of Sir Herliert 
Taylor, he gets through the despatches with 
incredible celerity, and immediately fur- 
wards the messenjrers on their rrturn. On 
the 6'th inst the King and Queen went in 
state to the Tower of London, accompanied 
by the Duke of Sussex and Prince George 
of Cumberland. They were escorted by a 
deuchment of Life Guards throuqii the City 
to the Tower. The Duke of Welliugton aa 
Constable of the Tower, G.^neral I^iftus aa 
Lieutenant, Sir J. Doyle as Deputy, and 
Major Elringtima^ Fort Major of the Tower, 
received their Majesties. The Lord Mayor 
preceded the King on entering the Tower. 
Their Majesties and suite partook of a 
splendid dfjcxmi with the Duke of Welling- 






mmr 



U30.] 



't hwiM. TIte>r Ma- 

jtaiiM UHJ (uicc •htrntnli not iki*B tbi 

R 1.1 lli> Hoinl HnipiUl at Ooenwleh. 

Whro !>•• MiiJ»lf luilea It tl.e hi»piul 

ihrjr M*i«U« will) Uiutl mhouti ■nd acdam*- 
Tha rnyal wriy tiiiied the pdiutcd 
- '. tT» »hln. .Dd •>.<!> of 
, the K'7>l Nk<J A^>l.ini, 



leign*. fi«ni M-r, lo Clii. 



Iidl. tlw chipcl, I 
■b(uMt«iiii»< 



pluj-ed in digelog ii 
•omt uld Ituildingi 
ticucli will) their uii 



■ fuusdMiou 



■ left GiciaoLph in tlieir we 
liaon for tha palace. 

Od SaMtda; the Tth. uiDn afwr hit M>- 
jeMf*« anini a( Wiuluii Cullc, lliv tar- 
nec ma ihruoD open (u (hr public, aod vas 
ihrnnfad bj nun^ecuui cnmpun;. Tlie iin- 



U. M.j,.„'. 

LciehboufhuoJ 



birth -d^. Tha town am 
>Mc ajdcailidly lllumioaui 
iba iltnaiMtcil deiint u 
abibiad in iHurnur uf ibe 
voaL apTandid ducrijitjuaj 
b»i«d all praccdtot. 

Hii Majntj tuitB] DiiKlitnn nn Mi 
Iha ICih, irhcrs h* hh 



u, and irhilc .|u*t- 
tcUiog aU'ut ilie diviiion of the priie, Mr. 
Guroaj, iha Claik of Lha Wgrk>. took iheu 
all inui Guitudj. On laatcliing ibam ha 
fiiuad (ixtfiaxn gutoau i tlia cuiatai "art 
all ..f tha cuin uf Chvlt. It., J.mta ll„ 
Witliim Uld Marj'i Anna, Georgg 1,, aad 
Ga>rge]l. 

Auf. 11. BetweteDtHoaiid tliiec o'clook 
thii ii.otnigB, ■ terrific Are Lruke uut oa 
Ihe |>[ciiii>» iS Me»r>. Hwighuiii and Co., 
whxIeHlcuiUnerchaDM.UaaliuluiueaCluw, 
■ IliDll deaLiored propeitji lu the aniouut of 
aOO.OOOJ. 'I1ic Imnenie qwDtit} uf oil oa 



Bad made ii 



■ uppliei 




\g quani.tj oiaed 
til lha waUr wu propelled upixi (ha 
luei; and Iwn ur muia uf iba aDgiaa 
■peoded thcic eieruaw. The quaotitj of 
un [h« preiniiat ns)' In ei '' - ' "^ 



Blackfiian- 

I, K>c bf me 

'Sui. tf^iaf the ail off the 

one tioie feaied lha fire ■ 

ihruujili lata Alderigala- 



D bimN »l 

ii%e. I>y fithernit 



a bllen 



■»i»Jir 

Mr. Adiard, priour, * Meiici.Sed- 

le Nulanal School i Uia atable* 

lo Mr. Sherauui Mr. Wup, 

inibei-muiu&Gtgrer 1 Mr. WilklnioD, aod 

Mr. Cuiuani. In additioD to thete, nearlf 

twcot; other hoiuei oiot^guuiu to the Gca 

I'lrliall]' dimat-etl. 



7. '11,1. 



:r.: 



named I«Dg> wu munlared in Gray • 
Hoad, hy uue of a ^ang of robberi wliu were 
out (in ll» pruvl. Tlia vllliln plDDged a 
koile la lha poor felluw'i bvdji. 'I'lte aa- 
HHio, whixa oBiue i> Soiiih, HUiakeo, and 
luu b«D caminitwd fat uiil. 

Aug.\a. Thii afternoon •woman named 
Mn. JaD* \>'itliani, midiag at Nu. 30, 
Vfftt Priacaa-iiteat, Uraballi, near Vnu- 

leaiD, that do Mr. Ad- 
ay valuable xuck of tlia 



Unnlui Audre*<.Ui>hupofWiDtnn,brigbt< 
at bght of iht Lliri.i.aD oorld. Tbt hour 
•i bli daaili wu foar la lha merDiOE o 
Hat ^MfitaiDW, ISM, aaj^ilu 



* Eocjrclupvdia Landineuala, 
2,D0UL beloaging tu Mi 



I Numhen of lha '• OenUemao'a M 
a." Mr. Jai)c»'« ^ovartl '•»» >• 
laulv noiiuuRi. 



ITI? 



Uiametiic O^curreucef^ 



[Aug^' 



hiJly Vis Uurdcreiiy under ciroumsUncet- 
nf great brutality. Tlie poor noomaD was 
ffMMd lying in thii kitoboo, htr head bcipg 
•loMMk lOMMhed to atoms. 

' INTELLIGENCE FROM VARIOUS 
PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. 

Jmbf ao. Captain Moir wat tried at 
Cbclmtfbrd for the murder of William Mal- 
eo)m« afifthermaoi at Little Warnham, in 
Swex* on the 17th of last March, by shoot- 
isg hin with a pistol. It appeared that the 
deecMed was in the habit of trespassing on 
the grounds of the prisoner for the porpoM 
of fishing, notwithstanding repeated prohi- 
Mtione^ On one of these occasions the 

Cisoner became greatly exasperated, and 
nf lag procured a pistol fi^om his residence, 
iwd at the deceased i tiie shot brolce the 
mnu of the deceased, and he ultimately died 
§nm lock jaw. The prisoner in his de- 
§mm eaid he had been trained up to a mili- 
iHy life, and had sold out of the 87th 
wgiwent two years atfo. He accounted for 
kb piitole being loaded by saying tliat the 
oonatry round about his house was infested 
by a set of desperate characters, which ren- 
dered it necessary for him to to be prepared 
In meet them. The Jury returned a verdict 
of guilty, and he was executed on Monday 
the fid of August. Considerable interest 
wee made to procure a mitigation of Cap- 
tain Moir's sentence, and a petition signed 
by 1 1000 .persons was forwarded to tlie 
Secretary of State, but in vain.— Cap- 
tain Moir was a native of Forfiirshire, 
and highly retpeclable by birtli and con- 
nexions. He was brother-in-law to Sir 
James Gardner Baird, Bart. ; a near relative 
•a the veteran Sir David Balrd, the prede- 
cessor of the Duke of Wellington in the 
aommKnd of the peninsular army ; snd he 
was also first cousin ti> Sir William Rae, 
l^e present Lord Advocate for Scotkind. 
He was descended by his grandmother's side 
ffvkk tlw heroic Bruce, and was also con- 
nected with the distinguished ftmilies of 
Blah" of Blair, the Stewarts, and the Butes. 
For seventeen years he served successively 
in the 14th, 87th, and 40th regimenU of 
Foot, and in the connc of such service ho 
visited France, Spaing India, and An>eriea. 
la the latter place he married the daughter 
of' an ofBcier in the Artillery, by whom he 
had three fine boys. In the year 18)8, 
aeoompanied by his wife, he repaired with 
his regiment to Gibralur, and while there 
the yellow fever made its destructive ap- 
pearance. Moir was attacked by it, and 
suffered so severely that his life was long 
despaired of. His brain was considerably' 
affected, and he never had been perfectly 
free Uovtk its effects. In one of the pa- 
lysms caused by this malady during his 
ia Canada, he tooli an opportunity, 
wkea. alone, . of indicting several severe 
wounds with a hatchet upon his forehead/ 
tha scan of which were very prominent to 



the «Mt huCir of his Ufa. Tliia iaver pru-- 
dacfd the most disastruas inflaenae upon 
his character and conduct : his disposition, 
warm and irrascible before, but witlial gp.. 
nerous and humane, became through it so 
susceptible, that, if insulted, ot excited by 
ru|uor, his passions were uncontnillable, and 
his actions and language appeared to be* 
those of a madman. In tlie year 1898 
Capt. Moir retired from the army, and his 
aotive bnt unsteady mind turning its atten- 
tion to agricultural pursnita, Iw took upon 
lease the farm at Shellliaven Ciseek^ where he. 
was residing when the unhappy event oc- 
curred which has been the meana of termi- 
nating his life on a scaffold. 

Aug, 4. An explosion took place in tha 
Bensham Seam of Jarrow Colliery, oo. 
Durham, and tweuty-three men and savesi« 
teen boys were instantly deetroyed, and 
several others nuHre or less severely bun. 
Tha Coroner proceeded to iavaatagate the 
caose of this dreadful accident by holding 
an iaquett. On examining the east drift of 
tha nraae the cause of the accident uras ma- 
nifeat. The whole front of the drift was 
dataehad from the roof on the left side, as 
if the block of coal forming tlie faoe of the 
drift had been detached by a blast of gun- 
iiowder* A ragged aperture, of about nine 
inches wide, was lefl between the coal and 
the roof, and a fissure about tlie same width: 
torn out on the lefi hand side. On prub- 
iag these apertures as far as they could 
reach (about six feet at that time), they* 
found notliii^ but open space behind. It- 
then became quite dear that the miners had 
holed into an old wasta* and that the frac- 
ture waa occasioned by the elsstic force of 
what they termed a bag of foulness, which 
had beeu compreased in that species of na- 
tural gasonetec, and which had rushed off 
in an enormous qusntity, and fired at the 
first light with wliich it came in contact, 
Qunsuraing all the vital air In the small divi- 
sion beyond the stone drifts, and filling tlie 
workings with a dense smoke and after damp, 
and deranging tlie veutilating ap|Mhratus so 
much as to . cause the suffocation of the- 
people before the air-course could be restored. 

About two years ago it was observed, on 
the estata of tha Earl of Mansfield, near 
Stirling, that a seam of coal, at a ffreat 
depth below the aurfiioe» was on fire. Hav- 
ing tried various nwans of extinguishing the - 
fire without success, it was resolved to sur- . 
sdunditwith a tunnel and a strimg wall, 
within which it might burn iUelf o^t, buti 
Usyund which it oouki not extend. This 
plan has been persevered in for a year and a 
naif, but has not yet succeeded. Thework-- 
man have often brought the wall within a 
&w fiohoms of meeting, but the fire has 
always burst out on them, and com|ielled. 
them to take a larger circuit. Tly* heat in- 
the tunnel is frequantly 980 degreee. Last 
yoar, foi^r persons were entomhad. alive Iky. 
the falling in of a part of the tonnel. 



PilOMUTlONS AND PRE I- liR M KNTS. 



^^ Gutnt PuflMOTIOK!, 

r./kfytl- Tli«A.llo»mKCulqi>tliofMi- 

' a be bii Miieiir'i Aldn-ile-Qini|> fcir 

crvin of hi. Milicb Force -.—Sir W. 

L WjB«. ili>t.. Ruv^ ficohlgli Millli* ; 

^1 of Abmne, K.T., Al«triic»>l>lie Mi- 

,1 Irfinl ti- PttAuiu ■BdClanhiiv*, Rovik 

.1 Then. Wood, llo|»l 



t Ji'lg 17. Tbt Bittbt U..D. J C. Hetciei 
Sb* MuMT itx) Wvrk([ af tl>e .Mmt.— TI.e 
^ht Uuo. Voc. Lu.il>er, W. D.c>c> 
Adw«, ud H. D.»kitu, £.qrl. tu lie Cnm- 

// B^ht Mud. JJin C>U:nft tu Ix I'av'nour- 

. Jiuy 9g. KHigliwd, Cspi. F. CuIUm, 

Lja'iiaB. Ror-AJm. »r JiMmI Brcn- 

. Stn.. Rwr-Adm. Sir Pl.ilip H. Vew 

ka, ihri., and Majur-Gso. [he Ri^ht 

I. Sir H-nry H.Minjjc, >iiv»l«d viib 

a SuT of ILCB—Tba DuIm of B^ck- 

■«l ChiDdui. K.G. l« be Luid 

ufliiiM.j»u'tH<i>;»h..ld. 

BO. Dr.A'vL., H.ir, M.l>. lu be 

) Biiniirdiaiiy lo ill* Diibc of 

iml-Rlffbi H.>D. Lord F>iiit'it Le- 

Mir (i> U Scntury rtl Ww. 

IVn/y SI. Kn^d Arlilkr;^ L^ul-CmI, 

Kfyn W b« C»l., Cipl. ud Bca.ci-M.jur 

Jl HHIolwtMa In ba l.icut.-Ciil. ; !Ueut,- 

bl. W. R. C^rcf lo ha Col. i Cipt. aod 

yittt M^ur E<J«, CJiu. Wliinymei Ki be 

'•■■■.■Cvl.i Lieut.-Cui. Geu. Fr.r>Mr to I.e 

. .iUpt-Hiii DravEt-MniorJolin Mi^bell 

ll I* LiMil.TCBl.~apt. Tb.». Uthet 

d lUiKlcDt Aeeot nl Tniiii 



■.at Aeeot nt Tniiiporii 
t. F.W»tWB(oUIU.r-A 



^ rws«iCi«t.G,Ttibiii.Pr1n«HeBeiitt 
a Capi A. F. r>tiL'tutDGi, Rujil Gtorge, 
.•G)Mtd Sbipii C*pL J. Dick, BppaiotnL 
» lb« DnncL-ikJ 1 Cii-t, G. Burdetc. Gan^o ; 
Ca|M. J.lt.C<ifiiD, Ulunitar i Upl, J.P.nl, 
KoBti UMl Cipi. C. J. W. NeibiiD, Mel- 
tlUr. 

..Af. 3. DngwD Gi»ra>, Frrret Cul. 
Jm. Utj, 111 bf U«ii,-CdI.— 3d Light DcK- 
gvnu, Major Cbu. SliKed M be Licul.- 
ttt— nil ditto. <.:.fil. Ju. Thoi. UirJ 
Bnidnwll to b> Mejnr— I Itb ditto, Bittrt 

LitBL-Cor. Nitb. BritRr.!! (.. b« LifUl,.C<.l. 

— laih«tl«,UrtHt CVI. SirThoi. N..«l Hill, 
W be Lliui.-Cul.— Ill Fool Guwdt, Capl. 
■ud LitW--Cul. Sam, Lwobtrt tu be M*j,>r, 
•illl lb* nok uF CoL— Lieut, uid Gapt. 
e Omtera to be Capt. aoJ Licut,- 
— ColIiii,;u> F..1.L GiuLid., Col. D>D. 
n to b> Lieul.-Cu!.— Bretrt Cul. 
L4bl9i°,n bs^M^jiii^aitlJl^J, 



Furbc. lu ht Lleul.-Col.-art Foot Cur.li. 
lire.tc Col. Wra. Au^-. K«ie lo be Lieul.-' 
Cul.— Urevec Col. Duu^iu Mercer to be 
Miyar— Brevet Mijm il. lU-kioi to be 
Capt. and Lieut. Cul.— Sd Foot — Lieut.- 
Col. SaiD. Mitchell lo be Lieul.-Cul.— ISth 
Fuut, Brevit CiiL Geo. Buirell tube Ueut.- 
Cul.— Brevet Migor U. Pratt to UMajur.— 
SiHbFool, Major T.aGnta to l>a Lieut- 
Cnl.— Capt. R. £. Biiriowt to be M.jiir. 
3SdF.Kit,MajorJ.C.HarriiontobeLleut.- 
Col.— Capt. G. FieldiDC tii be Major.-Sfith 
Fuo[,halF-p(YUeut-Cul.LMlieWaIkertDhe 
Uaut.-Col.-S lac Foot, Li>uL-Col. Deoli 
Daly to b« Lieu[.-Cul.-36tb Foot, Lieut. 
Cul. Rob. Maodould to be Ueut.-Col.— 
Sid Foot, Capt. G. F. Bcrkelet St. Jobo lo 
be Major.— 6Stb Fool, Capt. J. Wbari'tt 
Fritli to ba Miyor.— e4ih Foot— Major A. 
Hill Dii:k»iii tu be Lieut.-Cul.— Bre>el Ma- 
jor Cbai. Beooat to be Majjr.— 73il Foot, 
Major Jat. M'Nair, aid Foot, lo be Lieut.- 
Cul.— 90th Foul, Capt. H. Mackat lo beMaj. 
— »4tb Fool, brereL Lieuc.-Cul. J. J. S»od-. 
Era., to be MaJ.— RiR* Brigade i Maj. W. 
Eele. to be Litut.-Cul.— Capt. J. C, Hupe 
to be Maj.—Uoatiwbed ; lo he Lleut.-Cu]>. 
oFlafantiv,wiiliuutuurcha!e, bretelt Lltut.- 
Wn>. R.maD and Lieut.-Col. WiD. Rid- 
Cal.Jai. 
Gleiliianei — 

W. M. Peacocke 

tu be Goierooi of Klutaie. — Staff: btcnet 
Col. G. C. D'Agailai to be Deputy Adj.- 
Gea. aod bre«ec Cnl. Sir Guy Campbell 
lo be Dep. Quarlermuler Geo. to the 
iroop. in Ireland.— Lieut -Col. T. N. Hariia 
lu be Dep. Adj.. Gen. la the truopt in Ca- 
nada.— The l4Lh Keg. of Light Dragoona 
tu aiiuniE the litl* of the I4tb (or IGoc'aJ 
Heglment of Ligbl Dragnaui, iniletd of 
lliat of the Ducheai of Yurk'a U*n. 

Aug. 4. Earl uf Deobigh tu be a Lord uf 
t]>e Bedcbamber.— Knighted, Capt. A. Clif- 
Ford,K N., Jaoiea£yle.e>q.MavorufHere- 
toidi Col. Ocia.iua Carey, C.B. and Geo. 
OallioBhall, CH). Regiui ProFetinr of Mililaly 
Surgery in Ihe Uni.eriity of Ediabuigb. 
— Adm. the Right Hon. Lord A. Beaoderk 
to be bii Majetly'a Tint and Principal 



dell.- Tu be Majun, Brevet Lieut.-i 
Bogle, brevK Major Naib. Gled.i 



le-Carr 



Alio the folio 



i> Ma- 



Ro^al Na>y to b 
jejlj'i Naval Aide.-de-Camp : Sir raurray 
Maaxvll, Ibe Hon. G. £lliult, the Biglit 
Hod. LdiH G. Stewart, ibe Hun. F. W. 
Aylmer, P.ier Rainier, ibe Hod. H. Duo- 
can, Sir J. Lnuif, hart., G. F. Seymour, 
the Hon. G. Poulett, end ibe Hon, Ant. 
MaiiUod— Dr.Jamei JohnioD to he Phy 
aician Eilraordinary to bii Majeily. 

Aug. n. The Duke of Uurdoo lo he 
Kcej^i oF tlie Grrat Seal iiF St^oilaod.- Tli* 
£arl uf StamFonl aod Uarringlun tu ha 
CbpucberltipjiftbcCauiilj PttjaifSB itf C^- 



174 



Vromotiom and Preferments, 



[Aug. 



lar. — The Duke of Beaufort to be Constable 
of his Majesty's Castle of Si. Briavels, and 
Warden nf the Forest of Dean, C". Glou- 
eester.-— John Pond, Esq. to be Astronomi- 
cal Observator in the Observatorj at Green- 
wich.— Juhn M'Mahnn, esq. to be Receiver 
and Paymaster of the Royal Bounty to Offi- 
cers' Widows. — A. G. Supleton, esq. to be 
a Clerk of the Signet. 

Aug, 7, Viscount Sidney to be Chief 
Ranger and Keeper of Hvde Park and St. 
James's Park. — W. Brent Brent, esq. Barris- 
ter-at-Luw, to be Steward and a Judge of the 
Palace Court of Westminster. — Jas. Clarke, 
esq. Bafrister-at-Law, to be Attorney Ge- 
neral in the Isle of Man. 

Aug, 13. 1 1 th Light Dragoons, Brevet 
OJ. W. Williams Blake to beMajor.— Ibih 
Foot, Capt. Geo. M* Donald to be Major. 
— 60th Foot, Capt. T. Ryau to be Major. — 
Unattached; to be Lieut.-Colonels of In- 
fantry i breveu Col. Sir J.C. Harvey, Lieut.- 
Col. T. F. Wade, Lieut.- Col. Sir W. Lewis 
Herries, and Lieut.-Col. G. Legh Goldie. — 
To be Majors of Inflsutry, brevets Major 
T. Powell, Major Digby Mackworth, Lieut.- 
Col. H. Balneavis, Major J. Hazalgette, 
Major T. Cox Kirby, Major T. J. Baines, 
Major R. Bateroao, Major W. Ebhurt, and 
Lieut.-Col. D. Falla.— I revet; to be Major- 
Generals in the Army, brevets Col. T. Mar- 
lay, Col. J. Le Mesurier, and Col. P.Philpott. 
-^Td be Colonels in the Army ; Lieut.-Col. 
Jai. Ogilvie, brevets Lieut.-CoL Ponsonby 
Watu, Lieut.'-Cul. G. Grogan, and Lieut.- 
Col. John Shedden.— To be Lieut.-ColoneIi 
ID the Army; BreveU Major £. T. Michell, 
R.A., and Major Wm. Cator, R A.— To be 
Majors in the Army; Capt. G. Gibson, 
Capt. T. Kelly, Capt. R. Kelly. 

Aug. 17. The Right Hon. Sir George 
Fitxgfiald Hill, Bart, to be Governor and 
Commander* in-chief of the Island of St. 
Vincent. 

Aug, 18. Marquis of Hertford, K.G., 
to be Warden of the Stanneries. 

Aug, 90. Queen Adelaide to be Keeper 
of Bushy*|)ark, near Hampton, Middlesex. 
' [Each ** Gazette,** during the past month, 
hat contained numerous loyal Addresses 
prmented to bis Majesty from various 
parts of the kingdom, ctmgratulating him 
on hit accession to the throne of his an* 
cestors.] 

Ecclesiastical Prbfirmbnts. 
Rev. F. F. Beadon, Compton Bishop V. So- 
merset. 



Rev. J. D. Borton, Felmingham V. Norfolk. 

Rev. W. Burrows, Christehurch V. Hanu. 

Rev. T. Clarkson, Beyton R. Si.iFolk. 

Rev. R. M. Cbatfield, Wilsford and Wood- 
ford V. Wells. 

Rev. S. Clissold. Wrentham R. Suffolk. 

Rev.L.Conper, Hawkeshead R. co.Lancaster. 

Rev. R. Diivies, Uanengrad and Llanatigu 
R. An};Ie$ea. 

Rev. S. Dowell, Shorwell cum Motteson 
R. Isle of Wight. 

Rev. E. H. Frere, St. Lawrence llkctshall 
P. C. Suffolk. 

Rev. T. FurUuk, Rramley P. C, co. York. 

Rev. T. Gardiner, Quarff Ch. Shetland. 

Rev. R. Gee, Turmoham and Cockington 
P. C. Devon. 

Rev. J. Glover, Rand R. co. Lincoln. 

Rev. C.Grant, RothiemurcbnsCh. Inverness. 

Rev. W Gray, St. Giles on the Heath P. C. 
Cornwall. 

Rev. H. P. Hamilton, Wath R. co. York. 

Rev. — Hargrove, Kilmeen R. co. Cork. 

Rev.M. Hughes; Curwen V.Merionethshire. 

Rev. J. Mackenzie, CamochCh. Ross-shire. 

Rev. G. Pig«iU, St. Mary Mellor P. C. co. 
Lancaster. 

Rev. G. Porter, Monk Slierbome R. Hants. 

Rev. R. Pym, Elmley R. co. York. 

Rev. R. Rokeby, Arthingworth R. co. North- 
ampton. 

Rev. W. St. John Mildmay, Dogmersfield 
R. Hants. 

Rev. B. Smyth, East Haddon V. co. North- 
ampton. 

Rev. E. B. Spark, Uuleport V. Isle of Ely. 

Rev. A. Stark, Samlwick Ch. Shetland. 

Rev. F. Todd, Meshaw R. D^von. 

Rev. P. Toler, Durrow P. C. King's County, 
Ireland. 

Rev. C. Webber, Felpham R. Sussex. 

Rev. J. Williams, Kenbertoo R. with Sut- 
ton Maddock, Saltip. 

Chaplains. 

Rev. W. F. Hook, Rev. S. Madan, Rev. 
F. D. Perkins, Chaplains to the King. 

Rev. F. Kn|«r, Rev. J. Merewether, Chap- 
lains to the Queen. 

Rev. C Crauford, Chap, to the Marq. of 
Londonderrv. 

Rev. T. Sclkirie, Chap, to the Earl of Dun- 
more. 

Civil Prbpbrmbnts. 
Rev. J. Fox, Head Master of St. Bees' 

Gram. School, Cumberland. 
Rev. J. Holmes, Head Master of Leeds 

Gram. School, oo. York. 



BIRTHS. 



July ai. At Talacre, the lady of Sir E. 

Mostyn, bart. a daughter. At Wuodleich 

Ji0cUiTy, Devon, the lady of the Rev. Rich. 
Edmoad§, m §ob and heir, US, At An- 



crim, Roxburghshire, the lady of Sir W. 
Scott, hart a son. 86. In New Norfolk- 
street, the wife of Howard Elphinstone, esq. 
a son and heir.- , 98. At Bache Hall, 



IF 



Pir / ft».~ War ri 3g« , 



. the wife ut H. R. FTughn, ■ Hmu. 
'AlG(*cDt«od La<I|>e, Bucki.thewlfaal 

Eiq 1 ri.u. 90. At Eit- 

Udt Si. Ja>>ii, ■ •na 



, LoJ; HoKttJ llo WlMcD 



. )n LU<r..rd4tri 



» WJn 
A( »cllc-vi.r.h>1l,Brig1itc 

Rjtim, > (bu, At Lh. 

ManehtaDi nm TauDUia, 
L> M«<.>«r, ■ .on »id h< 
EbI kT EEnmoot'i, llle 
" c W]pd1»iin, ■ <» 



>ewirenrOr. well Vl»r>g«, Mri. Sfirie, m Hiu. 17. 

Ttnrv. WeiE The iilfe of tli* Rev.W.Blii*. rectofof Gnwt. 

irife :.f Cpt. m.rli.m, > Aiu. SO. At Cl.ph.m, nsur 

—S I. At (he Bedfonl, the leiil of J. T. Dvtiau, ciq. High 

! »f ColuQcl Sheriff of the count;, (he Hlfe of [he Rev. 

—In Elton- T, F. D»idd, ■ .on. 



M A R R I 
. At St. M»fj'., lJrj«nslone-ii]. 
mT-CoI. Ihe Hnn. EH.. StouF.ird, ucund 
it»f tbcEvI of Cunrto-O, K. p. to Hontii 
' «> -i<lo<» uf H. 1. 'I'ibbite, E<q. and 

k of Thumu Luctnood, E<q. 

I. OcurKe'e, Hiu.ner-iq. the Eul of 
kniltiiun, to Wy Eliubeth Herbert, lii- 

'^B ih. Bul of Pembf"ke. a. At Old 

, Robert. Kerr d'Eilerre, Eiq. to 
nu Mr--i1d., ooIt <Uu. of UoDird 
j«n, Eeq. of B'<H.k H.mH, Glg»ce>tenh. 
^At Jft]. Re>. W. F. Riymond, of 

He Reir-Ato. E„ni'.— '^'At Hde 
at, ar»T Sal'iiburj, the Rcf . Sainiburjr 
Mirri StiDibury, (o GeorgiBnn, cIdeiC da. 

h WMhtnWdler, l).n,1l.C.H. At 

lUDi'UHi. the Rev. Chu. J.mu Hjiit, 
e Smith, onl; dui. of George Rutiell, 

AlSt.MuG*rel'>, Henr* Hemth- 

. E>q. lUD of Rt.r-Adni. Sir Heor^ 
.ilieuia, t« H<nrie(U M*Ti*, fimagrtt 

», of R. Sinaihj Cooper, E.q, M. P. 

At HnUietnn, Cept. George Fitirar, lute of 
the Gten. Guudi. in Luulu, Tonaceil d>u. 



A-G ES. 

sir J.E. HuTiagtan, Birl. (0 awrloIU, 
joungeit dan. of ItM Andrew Sn.irt f of Ter- 

rendoj .nd Udj pHltenej. IS. At St. 

M.iflclioni:, the Rev. Rich. BuIIt, Reetnr 
of LenreMh, Corn-ell, to El». deu. of John 
■■ ihy, Eiq. of P..nl.nd-pl. Sir J. H, 



Thon 



a M.r< 



John DeltoD, jun, eiq. At Sinihttnini, 

FifMhire, Moilon Cirr, eiq. Solicitor of Ei- 
tiw frir Sccniiod, [oCerolioe, joiiogeit d«ii. 
oflile Robetl Grihem. ciq. of Fintry. 



of Chriit. Tlioi 



. eiq. 



Dnon 



At Knt 

.. s- c. r " 

. B. Ctvp, Bs'i 

r Ute John F>r.K 




, rnungeii ion 
to M.ry, onlj 

Wetsoo, Eu. 

St. Geo - 



rr-u th* Rt,. WclMter Huoiley, 
of All Soell, Otf. ('• Mtry, eldett 

W Riehird Ljiwr, Eiq. M.P. 

riikgtotii Grey, the Rev. Thoniei 

K.lirR«ding, toEleanoMliird diu. of 

" -1 Honkininti, Eiq. of Peterbo- 

. Hu.ovcr->q. Lord 

, to EllMbeiH. eldol d.u. of 

, eu|. uf WoudFord. At 

mbuTT. Fliot. Difibj Ceyley, eiq. 

nnrSirGcorgeCayley.Biit. toDu- 

id d*a. of liie Rev. Geo. All.n- 

At Si. Mmin-i, 

>f Chetteiloo Lodge, Otf. 

•oa of Geo. CUfbe, of Hyde Hdl, 

(«r 14> Elildwlh, eldeit diu. of 

H. Byron. 10. At Piiii, th* 

.._ ... ..,_ . p|j„^ rounpett 

ei7 -At. Si. 

jonngtst 100 of 



We>M HilL AtAIISout.-, Marylebone, 

John Gudintr, riq Cipt. 6th Dngooui, to 
Eliii, celiiTt of And. Hemilloo, eiq. of Ted. 

dingtoo At St. George'i, Hu.-iq. Geo. 

Edm. Nui^nt, Riq. Gren. Guardi, cidegt ton 
of Gtn. Sir G. Nugent, B.rt, to M.ri. 
ChirlotU, Kcond d*u. of IS. W. Ridley 

C,ll«iiD,e.q M.P. 15. AlClifton.John 

WilliimioD, Eiq. B. A. only ion of Wm. W. 
eiq of Beth, to Frabcee Madeline, (econd A. 

of Henry Hill, Eiq. 17. At Kew, the 

Rev. W. Jelf, Prewptnr to H. R. H, Ptinc. 
George of Cumheilind, and anon of 
Chfiitchutch, to Couiileli Emmy ScMin- 
prnWh, Maid of Honour to H. R. H. 

the Dui-hen of Cumbetl.nd. At Henley, 

Jaioei Henry Bro<.l«, E.q. to M.ry, «>cond 



Cie-pigny, Umil. The Rev. rredeiiok 

Smith, M.then.>t<cal Prufeeiorai HiiJeybur 
College, to Louiia. only child of Hn,j 

TredKold, Eic|. of a.;ih.dlon, Har^l. 

At Ne«ingloo, Dr. Lm, of Onld«n en. to 
Matilda, fuuiih dai<. of Dr. Hall, of Kti- 

ington. 91. AtHarhurat,lheRev.TIio- 

mai GiecD. Vinr of Badbywith-Newoham, 
to Mary Ann, deu. nf lale Sam. StubU, Eiq. 

of Wolverhampton, At Leamiogton, 

Frederick Nnyei, eiq •ecQod lODoflate Rtr. 
Tho.. Herbert Noyei, of Bath Eubio, vi 

Sopliia, dau. ot Di. FimVVin. 1 1, Tti» 

Her. O. TenDiot) Rkuu o! VgUro.UwVi. 



i76 



Marriages, 



' [Aug. 



Kector of Molesirorth. 34. R. K. Hill, 

esq. to Fidelia eldest dau. of the Rev. R. 
Alookhousf , D.D. Ut« Vicar of Wakefield.* 
At St. George's, Han.-sq. H. Fitiroj, 
esq eldest son of the late Lord Fitzroy, to 
Jane £1iz. fourth dau. of Chai. Beducterk, 

esq. of St. Leonard's, Sussex. 37. 

At Bath, Donald C. Kaynes, esq. 67 th Foot« 
youogest son of Sir Christ. Baynes, Bart, 
to Anne Maria, youngest dau. of the late 
H. Boultoo, esq. of Geddincton, county of 
Northampton.— -28. John Vere Islian, 
esq. 51 St Light Inf. to Mary, only sister of 
W. Wood, esq. of Brixworth Hall, North- 
amptonshire. — At Twinsted, Joseph 
Green, esq. to Susan, only dau. of the Riv. 

R, Gray. 29. At Caoterhury, the Rev. G. 

Oakes Miller, Rector of Milton, in North- 
amptonshire, to Jane, third dau. of Thomu 
Surr, esq. — At Ore, Sussex, John S. 
Harkness, esq. to Anne Harriette, eldest 
dau. of Lieut.-Cot Eliot, R A. 3 1 . At 
All Souls', Marylebnne, Edward Scard^ esq. 
of Bishop's Waftham, Hants, to Ann, relict 
of the late Evan Humphreys, eso. of Garth- 
hall, Glamorganshire. At High Oogar, 

J. F. Bury, esq. of St. Leonard's, Nazing, 
Essex, to Augusta, dau. of late Rev. Dr. 
Edridge, RcdorofShlpdhara, Norfolk. 
AtWythani, the Uon.andRev.C. Bathurst, 
Rector of Southam, Warwickshire, to Emily 
Caroline, youngest dau. of the Earl of 
Abingdon. At Paris, H.W. Brooke, esq. 
eldest ton of Sir J. Brooke, Bart, to Eliza- 
beth, dau. of Captain Jump, R.N.— 
At St. George's, Hanover-square, the Rev. 
C. F. Moore, to Julia, dau. of Sir B. Hob- 
house, Bart At Betchworth, R. Nassau 

Bolton, esq. Lieut, and Adj. 84th regiment, 
to Georgiana Scudaroore, eldest dau, of 
Lieut.-Col. Morris, of Brockham-lodge, 
Surrey. 

Lately. At Elsfield, J. Copling, esq. of 
Upper Tulse Hall, to Mary, eldest dau. of 
the late J. Maston, esq. of the Royal Naval 
Hospiul, Haslar. 

August 1. At Grendon church, Richard 
Ellison, esq. eldest son of the late Col.Elli- 
•on, to Charlotte^ second dau. of Sir G. 
Chetwynd, of Greodon-hall, Warwickshire, 
a. At St. Mary's^ Bryanstone-square« 
£. B. Stewart, esq. son of the late Hon. 
J. Stewart, Judge of the Supreme Court at 
Halifax, to Frances Isabella, dau. of Rear- 
Adin. Sir Jahleel Breuton, Bart — - 3. 
At St. Mary's, Marylebone, J. Price St. 
George, esq. of Notting-hill, to Eliza So- 
phia, dau. of Lieut. -Col. Booth, of Upper 

Norton- street, Portland- place. At Wor- 

thiug, Lieut.-CoI T. R. Framptou, R.N. of 
Clifton, Gloucestershire, to Caroline, second 
dau. of J. Wood, esq. of Worthing.— 
4. At Saltwnod, Kent, G. Warry^esq. Bar- 
tister-at-law, of Shapwick, Somersetshire, 
to babella, fourth dau. of W. Deedes> esq. 
of Saadlinfi. At AIdlngboumc» Sussex, 
Lord Porchester, eldest son of the £ul of 



Carnarvon, to Henrittta .Aant, eldest dau. o£ 
lata Lord H.. Molyneux Howard, and niece 
to the Duke of Norfolk. 5. At West- 
dean, Sussex, Wni. Wilson, esq. eldest son 
of the late Col. Wilson, of Chelsea Hospi- 
tal, to Mui^. Thornton, second dau. of John 
Woods, esq. of Chi Igrove. 5. At York, 
Stapylton Stapyltoo, esq. the eldest son of 
Martin Supylton, esq. of Myton Hall, to 
Margaret, second dau. of Mr. Tomlinsunr, 
musical professor. -— ^ 7* At All Souls, 
Marylebone, H. Tbor*»ld» esq. of Cuxwuld, 
Lincolnshire, to Maria Antonia, only dau. 
of Rear-Adm. Mansel, of Charlton Kings, 
CO. Gloucester. — 10. At St. Luke's 
Church. 0)d-street, the Rev. J. Dixon, to 
Mary, daughter of the Rev. R. Watson, 
City-road.-^— At Manchester, Henry At- 
kinson, merchant, to Emma Eliz. dau. of 
John Milne, esq. coroner.— —At Trinity 
Church, Marylebone, Edward, son of Sir 
Robert Wicram, Bart, to Catherine, dau. of 

Geo. Smith, esq M.P. 11. At Su 

James's, the Rev. G. A. Dawson, of £d- 
wardston Hall, Suffolk, to Louisa, third 
dau. and co-heiress of the late Sir Thomas 
Pilkiogton, Bart, of Chevet, Yorkshire.— 
19. At St. George's, Hanover square, 
T. W. Bramston, esq. eldest son of Thomas 
G. Bram<»ton, esq. of Skreens, to Eliza, fifih 
dau. of the late Adm. Sir Eliab Harvey. 
At Holton Beckerin';, Lincoln, Rich. 
Bythell, esq. of St. Asaph, Flints, to Eliza, 
fourth dau. of the Rev. John Hale. 
AtTissinston, co. Derby, Francis Wright, 
esq. to Selina Fitzherbert, eldest dau. of 

Sir H. Fitzherbert, Bart. 14. At Bath, 

the Rev. J. W. Watts, of Thorn Falcoo 
Rectory, near Taunton, and only son of Col. 
Watts, of Leatherhead, to Retiecca Byaro, 
only dau. of the late L. Lovell Hodge, esq. 
late of Antigua, and niece of the Rifrht 

Hon. Lord J. O'Brien. 17. At Bath, 

the Rev. L. Latham, to .\nne Eliza, tbird 
dau. of the late Rev. Jacob Astley, Rector of 
Quenington.— At Slialbourne, the Rev. 
P. P. Rendall, to Sarah, only dau. of A. 
Kingston, esq. — At Northwoo<l, Isle of 
Wiffht, James Tyers Tyers, esq. of Belnsa- 
dotnie, Wrineton, to Mary Seymour, dau. 
of the late Wm. Heury Hufiam, esq. ■ 

At Romsey, Drydeo Elstob, esq. to Betsey, 
third dau. of Mr. Aid. Young. — At Stw 
James's, the Rev. Edw. Chaloner Ogle, of 
Kirkley, Northumb. to Sophia, youngest 

dau. of Adm. Sir Ch.Ogle, Bart. M.P . 

19. At St. Mary's, Bryanstone-square, the 
Earl of Koecommon, to Charlotte, second 
dau. of the late John Talbot, esq. niece to 
the late, and sister to the present. Earl of 
Shrewsbury— 31. At Kenoingtoo, Lieut« 
Charles Forbes, Bart. M. P. to Caroline, se- 
eond dau of Geo. Battye, esq. of Camden- 
hill. A t St. George's, Hanover-square, 
T. H. S. Bucknall Estcourt, esq. M.P. of 
Ettcourt, CO. Gloucester, to Lucy Sarab> 
dau. of Adm. Sotherou, esq. M. P. 



l?f ^- 
B I T U A R Y. 



f Field M«tt»HiL E«rl 

fVwuIB. AlbiiB»t,Ceo>>anl-)Hill, 
ir Windtar, ag«d a?, ihe Righl Hon. 
n Hareuort, lliird Eirl Hircuuit 
pd Tiicouiit Harcourt of Nunrham 
iney, CO, OxfotJ, fourlh Vitcouril 
t, *nd B^ron H^rcoart of Son- 
»url in Ihe EainecDiiii(y,G.C B. 
^.Hcld Manhil, Colonel af ihe Kith 

"of Ibe ConiuliJaled Board uf General 
Commiiiiaiivr of the Royal 
^nury CMegtt. andoftbe Royal Mili- 
Ury Atrium I Deputy Lieuienant of 
"irex, and Deputy Hanger of 
Mriud»r Great Park. 
%'T^f fKinily of llircourl, whi>^h, by Ibe 
kalb of ibii venerable regirriinlaiire, 
s diupjxaied froni ihe raiik« of Ibe 
bingCi U of ib^t high aniirguiiy lo 
llieb genejitogiei can seldom be Iraped. 

cturiout Noroien wbn firat 
^ccnded from Denmark tu llie Ehorei 
le oppotite our own, and mliose 
nicf'iy afieroBrd* achieved ibe con- 
r.Alril or England. Tbe nnme it lucal in 
L 9'a'i»ndy, and we bi^lieve there are 
ton in France more than one tilled (a- 
p.itolly to ■hicb il belongt. At Ihe expence 
rUlbePreneb Dukeiof the name (a title 
[ Wnfcrred by Lguii the Fourlcentb in 

fOJ, I History of the family vai pub- 
ed in two volumet Tulia ; and one of 
fioeil monumenls in (be rburch of 
lie Dime at Parit U to thi- memory 
^ of B Count d'Harcourt. Some of the Hsr- 
'butIs of France found refuge with the 
Mlly of the Uie Peer at the French 
brotntion. 

TThe English Ilarcoiirt* have for cen- 

^tiM flu uri I bed, generally jn the degree 

igbit, at Statitiin-Hartourt in Oi- 

re. Pronnhellev.VereHarcoun, 

). Archdeacon vf NoiUngham, ton of 

kK an adventurer with Sir Walter 

Ultigh.and a nephew of the heroic Ho- 

iUia Lord Vere, we believe there are de- 

^ndanl* remaining. Tbe lirtt Peer was 

lELord Cliancellur, wbom Queen Anne 

■attd a Baron, and George Ibe First a 

Hit grandion and succeascr 

K created an F.acl by George Ibe Se- 

[cKod. He was furoiDretban sevrnyeara 

[«rd Lievlenani of Ireland; and lott his 

h by (ailing inio a ircU at Stanton Har- 

rt ihortly after bis return. H« elder 

>t brotber to Iba lubject ol thii mc- 

. a Matter ot ibv Horiu lo the 

f ticKI. Mie. Ai'Sirl, 1530, 



Queen (as his fatber had also fur a short 
time been), and died in IBOD, aged 73. 

William vtai born March 3D, i'tiS-S, 
the younger son of Simon ibe first Earl, 
hy Rebecca lole daughter and beirecB uf 
Cbarles Le Bas, of Pipewell Abbey in 
Northamptonshire, Eiq It il upnarda 
of seventy yeart since he entered the ar- 
my, having been appointed to anEniign- 
cy in the lit loot guanis in August 
nh9. Ha wai promoted lu be Captain 
in Ihe 16th light drHgoons in the folluw- 
ii>g October; and in the 3d dragoon* 
June 30, IT60. In ITfil, I'hen Ibe Eail 
HarcDurt vtat sent Ambassador lo Meck- 
lenburg Streliii lo conduct home Ihe 
destined conii>rt of King George the 
Third, llie lubjeel of this memoir, ac- 
compnnied his father, and immediately 

household, of which be continued a 
member until bar Majetly't death. 

On hit return from the continent, al- 
though not nineteen years ot age, he al- 
leniled as Aid-de-camp the Earl of 
Albemarle to iheHavannab. He served 
with the army in America, and receited 
successively the promotions to be Lieul.- 
L'lilanel in the army ITS-l ) in Ibe 4iU 
light dragoons IT65i in (he ISth light 
dragoons in May 17G7; i n the 3 1 st foot 
in ibe November following i in Ihe fid 
lighc dragoon* 1763} and in Ihe I6lh 
ligbc dragoons 1770. In 1776 he per- 
formed a distinguished service by going 
seventy miles on the same borae in one 
day, Ibrnugb an enemy's eounlry, with 
a patrol of only thirty men of bii own 
regimeni, and returning Hilh (be Gene- 
ral commanding the American army. 
Gen. Lee, who had deserted from Ihe 
firitisb, and whom be look out of Ms 
i|jane(S while he waa surrounded by 
'JUUO men. This event occasioned such 
conslernalion m Ihe army uf the enemy, 
and such eiullalion in that of the Bri- 
tish, that for some lime it was believed 
would have decided the fate of 



Ibei 



r this 



ment, Lieul.-Cul. 
return lo England, appointed Aid-de- 
camp to the king, and Colonel by bre- 
vel, Aug. '29, 1777 ; and on Gen. Bur- 
f^yne giving up Ibe eommanJ of bis re- 
giment, he was appointed to the Colo- 
nelcy, Oct. SO, 1T79. The 16th was 
styled the Queen's regiment of light dra- 
gooni i and be bcld iU chief command 



178 



Obituary.— EarZ Harcourt.^^Lord Elihank. 



[Aug. 



for upwtrdf of fifty yearly until his 
death. 

In 1783 the Hun. William Harcourt 
was promuted to thn rank of Major-Ge- 
neral in the army. At the tame period 
he purchased St. Lieonard*! Hill of the 
Dukeof Glouettur, whereupon the Kinf 
appointed him Deputy Ranker of Wind- 
sor Great Park, the Duke of Gloueester 
at the same time being made Lieute- 
nant of Windsor Forest. 

In 1793 and 1794 this officer senred 
with the armv in Flanders, where be had 
the command of the cavalry, and whilst 
there was raised to the rank of Lieut.- 
General Oot. 1 in the former year. After 
the return uf the Duke of York to Eng- 
land, the command of the British troops 
devolred upon Lieut.-Gen. Harcourt. 

In 1795 he was appointed Governor of 
Hull; an«i was made a General in l?98. 

Oil the formation of the Royal Mili- 
fary ColIej;e at Sandhu'St in 1799 the 
Kin<; appointed General Harcourt the 
first Governor. He retained the post for 
nine years, when be resigned it for the 
Government of Portsmouth. 

Oil the death of his bruther April 20, 
1809, (when a long character of that no- 
bleman appeared in onr vol. LXXix. p. 
480,) Geueral Harcourt succeeded to his 
titles and estates; and was also appoint- 
ed his successor In the post of Master of 
the Horse to the Queen. Having re- 
tained that honourable office to the pe- 
riod of her Majesty's decease, he of course 
attended her funer^il in 1818 In that cha- 
racter. Always attached to the R^^I f^- 
^ily, at the funeral of George theTbird in 
1820 he walked at one of the AssistanU 
to the Chief Mourner the Duke of York. 

Earl Harcourt was invested with the 
insignia of a Grand Cross of the Batb, 
May 27, 1820. 

In the coronation procession of King 
GeOrge the Fourth in 1821, £;irl Har- 
court carried the Union Suiidard. In the 
^tieral promotiun in the army which 
Uore the date of that solemnity, the Mar- 
quess of Drogheda* and his Lordship, 
%ho «kere then the two senior Generals 
in the army, were elevated to the rank 
of Field-Marshal. With the exception 
of the Duke of Wellington, no other of- 
ficers out of the Royal Family had at- 
tained that high grade since 1796.t 

. * The Marquess of Drogbeda died 
Dee. 32, 1822 (see vol. xciii.L 83). He 
was nearly thirteen years older than Lord 
Harcourt ; and, bad be survived to the 
present time, would fkhre completed a 
century of years. 

} t Our new Monarch has, like his bro 
tber, made two Field- Marshals, in the 
persons of his two senior Generals, Sir 
'^^arcd Clarke and Sir Saviuel Hulse. 



On the Ist of JanaaiY 1827* Earl Har^ 
court was promoted from the govern- 
ment of Portsmouth to that of Plymouth, 
the latter being then vacated by the 
Duke of Wellington, on his Grace's suc- 
ceeding, by the death of the Marquis of 
Hastings, to the office of Constable of 
the Tower* 

On the 20tb of the same month, tba 
venerable Field-Marshal attracted parti- 
cular attention at the funeral of the 
Duke of York ; bearing on that occasion 
the baton of the deceased Commander- 
in-chief. 

In the early part of the late King's 
illness his Lordship rode daily to Wind- 
sor Castle to make inquiries. He was 
himself destined to precede his Majesty 
to the grave, after about five days con- 
finement. His remains were interred 
with bis ancestors at Stanton Harcourt. 
Hts Lordship married, Sept. 3, 1778, 
Mary, widow of Thomas Lockhart, of 
Craig-house in Scotland, esq. aiid eldest 
daughter of the Rev. William Danby, 
D.D. of Farnley in Yorkshire. This lady 
survives, having never had any family. 
The Earl's estates chiefly devolve on 
his coubin the Archbishop of York. 
His will was proved on the 30th of 
July. He leaves to his widow the 
^ouse and estates at St. Leonard's- bill, 
and the interest of 80.000/. for life, and 
the Jewels, pictures, &c. in full property. 
After her death, the two first go to the 
Marquis and Marchioness d'Haroourt, in 
France. On their death, the capital is 
directed to be invested in land, and en- 
tailed, with the St. Leonard's estates, 
on the sons of the Marquis d'Harcourt 
and his heirs male. In failure of such 
issue, on George Harcourt, Esq. of Coop- 
er^s Hill, near Egham (we presume the 
i«presentative of the Archdeacon Har- 
court before noticed). His Lordship di- 
rects, that if the person who shall suc- 
ceed to the lands purchased with the 
80,000/. be absent from England more 
than six months at one time, utiless he 
be so in the civil or niiliiary service of 
Great Britain, or under 2& years of age, 
and travelling for his education, he shall 
forfeit the advantages of such bequest. 
Legacies to the amount of 6,000/. are 
bequeathed, and the building of a school 
on Clewer-green by the Countess. The 
personalty is sworn under 180,000/. 

Lord Elibank. 

Jlia§i 9* At Brussels, aged 51, the 
Right Hon. Alexander eiisbth Lord Eli- 
bank, and a Baronet of Nova Scotia. 

His Lfordsbip was the eldest son of 
Alexander the seventh Lord, formerly 
M.P. for Peebles-shire, and afterwards 
Lord Lieutenant of that county and 
Colonel of its militia, by his first cousin 



OaiTtfisY.— 5ir T.ltgvi, Sir J. Hug, Sir J. Caljuielt. BU. V19 



"■Tb. 



Ian, daughter or Louii Chu-lEt 
ru, Burnt) de Ht. Hypalile, > 
:ulaiiel or I he Sd bottcgUKriis. 
Hun. AUxmilcr Murrny h.vl an 
IL<i * coinmiEtion in in ihe CMitrtum 
meal of ritt>i|;u«rdi in iT9T, and ■ 
Lcnani^ in the tame 1799. He mnr- 
a( Erjinbur^, March B, 1803, Mii> 
ftOlJphan(oIBacl>i1i<>nJ«Pmli>hire, 
,■ lofvivinc dHughler and lule helrem 
luhn tilled Lord Oliplianl. He suc- 
""id ti> tbe peerage on tbe death ol 
klher, S«pl. 54, ISSO. 
1 Lady turvivea him, haviniuriveii 
10 Ihe fulluoin; children : l7The 
I Hon. Aleiander-Oliijhan', now 
Elibaiih, horn in 1804, »bD hai 
:n •mplojed in Ibe Emi India Cam- 
1/. ief*l« at Bumbaj j I. Tbe Hon. 
-rl; !. Tbe Hnn. Clara-Mary ! 4. The 
. Maria ; 5. Tbe Hon. Jnhn, of Ibe 
India C'lmpinf't Bengal lervice ; 
be Hod. Charlotte i '. A dauehter ; 
, I0.1l.(c.urolhei-(oni,tbeyoi.ng- 
i( nhnm, the Hun. Henry-Auen>l"<, 
in 1834, aged (wo years i and 13, » 
lebter, born in ISS3. 



L Ju^ S. 



Sia THM. LEGAaD, a*iiT. 
■ Agtrd 67, 5it Thomas L«sard, 
renih Barun»t of Gantun, eo. 
Fork, a Commander R.N. 
"a vai the lecund aon of Sir Diifhy 
>r 6rib Baronirt, by Jane, third daugb- 
ir of Geurge Cartwright, E«q. and one 
'f berbroiber William 
norifbl, Etq. He tucceeded hi« bia- 
sr^r Juhain the Baronetcy July IT, 
and, having married in IBO! Mitt 
Biihop, bat by ihat liuly.wbu died 
Ul. 16, ISI4, left ittue ihree d.ughters 
j)d (ooaani: I. Matilda; !, Harriell, 
tarried in J830 la Ednard Neltnn Alei- 
>T, or Halirax, Etq. 1 3. Sir Thnma* 
'y Legard, whohai cucceedcd lo (be 
Mieley ; 4. Henry -Will oughhy ; and 
I. CMberine. 

R John Mat, Biirt. 
^ Lalti^. SirJuhn Hay, oF Smilhfielil 
I, CO. Peeblvi, Barl-i bro- 
1 Lord Kurbi-B, anil ID (he 
X Sir William Furbe«, of Fioligo, Bari. 
>rcif ibe"Lileo( BeaKie." 

WMburn Jan. 15, 1755, (be ton 
tieir or Sir Jumes Hay, MD. the 
inh Baronel, by Dnrriel, yuunf;eit 
aiblar and coheiroi ol Daniel Cani|i- 
, >t Greenyard! i and (ucceeded 
It rMbarin (be litleOcl.31, 1810. He 
wrricd July 9, I;R5, the Hon. Mary- 
piaabtth Forbei, iMond daughter or 
I aixtBrnih Lord Forhei ; and by 
bet Lulyibip, who died Nov. 3. ISOI, 
h«l iou* eifht tun< and aii dauchien ; 



1. Jame),»bodied In 1790, aged Tonri 
S. Williara.Forb*i,wh.idiedaliuin I7»j 
aged ibree; 3. Sir John Hay, born In 
nBB.wlui hai aueeeeded la the Baronet- 
cy; 4. Catherine) S. Daniel, who died 
in ISIO, aged tent 6. Mary; T.Rnbert] 
B. Athull, nhodivdan infant; 9- Adam: 
)□. Eliiaheth, married in IB!5 to Sir 
David Hunter B1*<r, Burl. ; II. Grare; 
1?. Jane; 13. Jemima-Barbara 1 andjl. 

Saraurl. 

Sir John Caldwell, Bart. 

jHHt ... At Rnmigali-, Sir JubnCnld- 
well, ruurth Baronel a{ Culle Cablwi U, 
eo. Fermanagb ; and a Count or Milan, 
in tbe Holy Roman Entire. ^ 

He wai the elileil lun or Sir Jamt>a 
Caldwell (be third Barunet, (who wai 
made a Count or Mihn by the Empreii 
Maria-Tliere>a) by Eliiabelh, (laut;blFr 
ofthe Mu«t Kev..Iu.iah Hurt, UrdArch- 
biihop orTuam, and the Hun, Eliiabeth 
Fiiamxurice, daugbli-r o\ Wiliinm 90th 
Uird Kerry. He lurceerted hit rather in 
1784; and married Harriei, daughter o( 
Hugh Meynell, &<) He bai, we believe, 
left a ion in inherit hit liilri. Hii daugh- 
ter LoulBa-GeorgiRna wat married March 
31, 1893, lo her tint ciuiin Sir Joaiah 
Wm. Hort, of Konland, <». KilJare, Bart. 

Hi> next brolber Fiiimauriee Cald- 
nell, Eiq. wbu married Hannah, widow 
of Sir JameiSlrairord Tuiie, Bart, died 
at Cbeiteubam early in the pteaencyear. 

Ladv Leihh O'Meaha. 

Early In tbe present year died Theodo- 
aia-Beauehamp.wileul Barry E. O'Mea- 
ra, Btq. ityliiig berseir Lady Leigh 
0-Meara. 

She wai the only daughter of Sir Ed- 
ward Buughtiin, ihe lixib Bart, or Law- 
lord ill Warwivktbirc, by hit <eeond wife 



Anna 






Beau<:hamp,Eaq. She wai firil married, 
in ITT;, to Captain John Donellan, who 
wat hung at Warwick Apr. 4, 17BI, i^r 
having, in the hope or inheriting tbe for- 
tune, poisoned hi; wile'i only brother 
Sir TbeodoBiut-Edwara-AIIrtley- Bough- 
ton. Thii be elTectrd by aome pruatic 
acid, diitilled by hini'cir rrum laurel- 
leavet; and ha diabulically con'rivrd 
that tb* fatal poliun tbouM be adminit- 
lered, in lieu of medicine, by Ihe mother 
or hi< victim (teeafull report onhe trial 
in our vol. LI. pp. 1S6. 190, 309). By Mr. 
Donellan this lady had one child, or 
mare. Inheriting the fortune her late 
buiha'id had ao ihamerully procured her, 
her teeiind huaband wai Sir EgerUm 
Leittb, Ban. hy whom tha had a ion «)m 
died in 1805, aged (em two daugbKM 
who died young ; and a third, married id 
IStI to John Ward, Eh). Sir EgertoH 



180 



OBiTUART.«-Gf]}. Acton, — LL'Gen. Bajfmcmd, 



[Aug-. 



died At Bath April 87, 1818, aged 56 1 
bis widow bestowed her hand thirdly, 
Feb. 10, I8S3, **b3r special licente, at 
ber Ladyship's house," on Barry £• 
Meara, Esq., formerly surgeon of the 
BeUerophon ; afterwards the well-known 
medical attendant to the exiled Emperor 
of the French at St. Helena, and then 
bnder course of prosecution for alleged 
libels on Sir Hudson Lowe, conuined in 
bit <« Voice from St. Helena. '* 



Gbneral Acton. 
Jem. 18. At Naples, aged 98, Joseph 
Edward Acton, Esq. General in the ser- 
vice of the King of Naples ; brother to 
the late Sir John Acton, Bart. Prime 
llinister of that kingdom, and uncle 
and grandfather of Sir Ferdinand Rich- 
ard Edward Acton, Bart. 
. The family of Acton, of Aldenbam 
Hall in Shropshire, was raised to a Ba- 
ronetcy by King Charies the First, in 
1644. The branch of the family of which 
the subject of this notice was a member, 
it descended from Walter, second son of 
the second Baronet. He was a merchant 
In London, as was his son Edward. Eld- 
ward, son of the latter, went to reside at 
Besan^on in Burgundy ; where he mar- 
ried a native of the country, Catherine, 
daughter of Francis BoisdeGrayi and 
had issue three sons, who all entered 
the Neapolitan service. The eldest, 
John-Francis-Edward, attained the rank 
of Commander-in-chief of all the land 
' and naval forces in the service of the 
King of Naples, and was for several years 
'Prime Minister; he inherited the Baro- 
netcy on the death of Sir Richard Acton, 
bis father^s second cousin, and died at 
Palermo, Aug. 18, 1811, leaving two 
sons, of whom the elder. Sir Ferdinand- 
Ricbard-Edward, is the present Baronet ; 
and a daughter. The second son of Ed- 
ward Acton, of Besan^on, is the indivi- 
dual now deceased. The third, Pbiltp- 
Edward, died at Naples, April 8, 1880, 
aged 76. 

The second brother, whose death we 
DOW record, was a Lieutensnt-General 
in the Neapolitan army, and Governor 
of Gaeta. He married Eleanora Coun- 
tess Berg de Trips, of Dusseldorf in Ger- 
many, (sister to the late Pri«oesa «f 
Hesse Phili|)stall,) and had issue three 
sons and two daughters t 1. Charles, 
bom in 1786, a Captain in the Neapoli- 
tan Royal Navy; he married in 1817, 
- Zoe, diiughter of Count d'Albon, by the 
Baroness Berg de Trips, and has a son 
' Edward, born In 1618; 8. Mary-Anne, 
' who (with permission of the Pope) was 
' married to her unelc, the great man of 
* the family, and was mother of the pre* 



sent Baronet, and the family before no- 
ticed; 3. Henry, a Captain in the 18th 
Royal Lancers, married in 1817, Char- 
lotte, sole daughter of Dr. Clogston, 
late of Bombay ; 4. Isabella, married in 
1818 to Henry Baron Dachenhausen, 
Brigade-Major in the King's German 
Legion ; and 5. Francis, a Lieutenant in 
the same corps, married Dec. 8, 1830, 
Esther, relict of Wm. Baker, Esq. Jun. 
and daughter of Robert Fagan, Esq. [in 
Debrett's Baronetage this marriage is 
exchanged for his uncle Pbilip's death, 
and vice vena ! ] 

' Libut.-Gbn. Raymond. 

June 9* In York-street, Port man- 
f quare, William Raymond, Esq. a Lieut.- 
General in the army. 

This ofAcer was appointed Ensign in 
the 33d foot Aug. 88, 1775 ; and at the 
close of that year embarked for America. 
He served in the expedition against 
Charlestown ; and was present at the at- 
tack upon Sullivan's Island in June 
1776 ; at the actions of Brooklyn, Long 
Island, White Plains, and the taking the 
works on York Island, which led to the 
surrender of that city. He succeeded to 
a Lieutenancy, Dec. 85, 1776; he served 
with that corps in the campaigns of 1777 
and 1778 in New Jersey, Maryland, and 
Pennsylvania; and was present at the 
battles of Brandywine, Germantown, and 
Monmouth. He received a Company 
in the 88d foot, May 83, 1779; and 
served with it during the campaign in 
Georgia and South Carolina, in that 
year; and in Virginia in 1780 and 1781. 
He was at the siege and capture of 
Charlestown, at the action of James- 
town, and at the siege and surrender of 
York-town. In 1798 be exchanged to 
half-pay, and in 1798 returned to full 
pay in the 60th foot. In 1795 and 1796, 
whilst on half-pay, he was employed as 
Aid-de-camp to Lord Cornwallis, and as 
Brigade>Major-General to the Eastern 
district In 1798 he received a Majority 
in the 89ih foot; and was appointed 
Lieutenant-Colonel by brevet, and De- 
puty-Adjutant-general in Ireland, where 
be served during the rel>ellion, and was 
present at the surrender of the French 
and rebel army under Gen.Humbert. He 
received a Lieutenant-Colonelcy in the 
46th regiment in 1801, and on the reduc- 

- tlon of the 8d battalion of that corps, he 
was placed on half pay. He attained the 
rank of Colonel 1808, and of Mi^or-Ge- 

- neral 1818; in the latter year be was 
appointed Colonel of the late 13th vete- 
ran battalion ; in 1819* Colonel of the 
eth Royal Veteran battalion ; and to the 
rank of Lieut .-General in 1885. 






,■] Obituary-.— WayoTi Gm.- Buekby-^Capt. Dobbie, R.N. "l8l 

iiig bb lent for thr public lervice, by 
Till untee ring to sgsUt in repelling a Urge 
fleet uF praas, aurmblcd by the King of 
Q«t()&b for the purpase of deilroylngiha 



m 

^^^gh Mmon-Gr.!'. Buchbv. 

^^■pkiw S. At GuihborouRb, Nanbamp- 
^^Tantbire, in the buiiie of hU bfolber Ibe 
Rev.JuhnBalemBn.Major-GeneralRich- 
anl Buckby, oF Midhurii, Suisix. 

He was appoimed Eniign in ibe 56ih 
loot in IT67, mid Lieutenant in tbe tame 
reginciK ill 1*90. In 1793 he «a* pte- 
tem al Wexford on the allack made by 
■ be rebels, oUen Major Valluiton wa> 
killed. He wii appointed to a Company 
■* rrgiinani Nov. I, 1793. In 1794 
i 179$ be served in ibe We<t Indict, 
ra* present at Ibe eaplure of 
IrttDtque, Sr, Lui-ie, and Guadaloupe, 
Ptbc >ie|;e nf Fort Buuibun and Btorin- 
f of Fort Edward, and in many uf (he 
nbicb look place in ihoEC 

Kin 1799, Capt. Buckby served in Hob 

Tdi be "as prn*ni ai ihc clearing "f 

■ Satldhtlli, Oct. 3, and ibe engage- 

' It of Oct. 6. He was pramoled lo K 

. in tbe <fltb foot in 1800, and re- 

obalfpay in 1805. 

n 1803 be was appointed to the SBth 

r, with •hieh bei«f«edin Mnlla.Na- 

(, anil Sicity ; ai the battle n[ Malda 

ilieoG: it Ibn liege ol Scylta Cattle i 

Mtapri, •ben taken by the Frrnch in 

I i|> ibe expediliun lo the Bay 

VNaplei. He bad the brevet of Lieul- 

^nel 1 80a, Colonel 181-1, and Mnjor- 

Mr*l li)95, 



nade, tbat tbe enemy was bronghl tc 



Conli 



nibe a 



ilinasday 1735 Cotnniodure 



CAPraiH DoBsiE, R.N. 
V 10. At Saline-ball, near Brain- 
. aieit 58, WllliaiD Hugb Pobbir. 
J. Captain in ibe Royal N.ivy, a l)e- 
MtyLkulenaniand JuKlceafihe Peace 
«T (be coanly of Etaei. 
h C^taiu Dobbie was born in London 
1(W.a, ITTl, theyuunsFTSon ofGeurgu 
K>bb!«, Esq. a native of Aynbire, and a . , 

Inidcnt in America, nbere be died at ble cargi 
"( beginning of the dispute betnreen In Dt 
Mat Britain and her Irans-Allanlic co- again lei 
I, and ibe bulk of bit property was flig-ibip 
I lo hit family. Tbe Capiain's muther he was a 
I* Ibe daughter of Samuel Staple, E«q. 
tnavsl officer, and wbo died on boani 
ieGntfton at tbe siege oF Puinlicbcrry, 
JtlTfil. 

2 Mr. Dobbie flnt embarkeil at n Mid- 
i In tbe Heelor. 74, under the 
k^enorber captain, Sir John Hamil- 
"^ Bart, in ibe ipnng of 1783. After 
« dNib of that oRlcer, in 1784, be 
tdtn tbe Edgar, Ariteni, Belloni, 
1 Hebe : but, at tbe latter end of 
89, tber« being then no pruipoL-t of a 
ir, aecepled tbe post of fifth male in 
fa But India man. 

I Notwitbtianding hi» temporary seeei- 
Im froB the royal navy. Mr. Dubbie 
tabfMCd til e«rly opporlunliy of aviiic- 



rri.al of 
Adm. Kainicr as Commander-in-chief, 
Mr. Dobbie joined that ofllcer'i ship, 
Ibe Suffolk, 74. During the liege of 
Tniicomnlee In August I79.'i, he diitin- 

nnd after the capture of Port Ooit en burg, 
wi>b another Midsbipman (aFlerwards 
Capl. J. U.TuckeyJ, was mainly instru- 
mental in arresting tbe proj;reig of a fire 
from wblcb ibe grand rmagazine. nar- 
rowly e.(«ped exi.Uion. 

On Cbn* 
Rainier at! va 
uf Lieuleiianl, and appoinied brni (ifib 
oF Ibe SulTolk ; .ind a r..w dayi alter, 
having, by hit perieveriiig punuit, in the 
launch, of a Dutch natiuiisl brig, tbe 
H.irlingen of 14 guns, led lo ber capture 
by the Orpbcui Frigate, be uaj put in 
cuiaiDand of the prize. At ihe taking of 
Bmda, Lieut. Dobbie Has placed under 
ihe orderl oF Capt. H. Newcombe of tbe 
Orpheus, lo cover Ibe landing of ihe 
troops i and Ihe Commodura in hii dis- 
patches was pleased tu recommend bim 
lu the notice of tbe Admiralty, " fur hia 
great merit, and the gallaiit manner in 
•rhicb he followed ihe Orpheus." On 
Ibe day following Ihe c.-ipiure, the Har- 
lin^en vas purchased into Ihe service, 
named Ibe Amhoyna, and cainmiBiiDned 
by Lieut. Dobbie. He was soon after 
iployed to convoy a ship with a valua- 



c. 1796' we End Lieut. Dobbie 
again serving on board the Suffolk, tbe 
n^g-ihipuf Adm. Rainier 1 in Aog. 1798 
be was appointed firii of Ibe Centurion, 
50, coramanddd by bit patron's nephew, 
tbe lale Rear-Adm. John Sprat Rainier. 
On inFurmalion lb.it the enemy bad 
brought Ibe frames of seveidl ihip* of 
war from Eurnpe, to set up at Suei, Ibe 
Centorinn was sent IhKber wilb tbe Al- 
balrott brig, and ihey are luppsted to 
have been the two first Brilisb men-of- 
war that bad ever visiied the head of tbe 
RedSi-a. During bit continuance at tbat 

1799, Lieut. Dubbie made aiurveyof Ibe 
neighbouring ro.ldi and ancbarages, 
which proved aflerwardi very aseful to 
Sir David Baird'i rapedilion. 

In 1800 the Centurion and three fri' 
gate« wan lont Iti Uafikad« tbe port ol 



t IM ] 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



B. I. C. Mjs, ** The dMign on ih« Wh«p- 
lodt ^vntooe (vol. zciz. part ii. p. 690), 
wbieh Mi, Oliver confetsed himself unable 
10 elueidate» wu pointed out by him and un« 
4entood bj me, to be the lower device on 
the first stone in the engrsving» and cer- 
tainly nut the saltira inscribed on a circle, 
about which no difficulty was expressed. The 
device in question so closely resembled the 
figure of a thunderbolt found on all Roman 
aatiquities, that I felt no difficulty in pro- 
notmeing it to be an imitation of that classi- 
cal emblem. I must add that I see no- 
thii^ in Mr. Oliver's lest letter on the sub- 
Jeety (vol. c. part i. p. 691) to faidiiee me to 
alter my opinion.'* 

TopooRAPBUs observes—" On any point 
of British Topography it b so natural to 
seek information firom your Magasine, that 
I trust you will forgive me for troobliitgyon 
with a query respecting an obtcnre pliieey 
Bot mentioned, to the beat of my know- 
ledge, in any of our old books or maps of 
the roads. Mr. Ireland, in his * Pictn- 
resqiie Views on the Hiver Thames,' vol. ii. 
p. 47» says, when in the vicinity of Old 
Windsor, * PassingOtueky towards JSgham,' 
&c. Suspecting that it might derive its 
nanM from the ancient Amily of Ouseley 
(whose pedigree, with others of the old 
Shropshire and Nonhamptonshire fiunilies, 
had ror some time cagued my attention) I 
requested a friend lesimag near Egham to 
visit the place, and com'munieate to me all 
that he could learn reapecting it. He found 
there but one building with its offices, a 
kind of iftn or public-house, which from a 
sign of Five Bclb b called ' The Belb of 
Ouseley.' It stands close to the fiver 
Thames, among some fine old trees of con- 
siderable size. It appears from a printed 
handbill now before me that the estate of 
Beaumont Lodge, other tenements, and the 
* Belb of Onsetey,' were advertised for sale 
at Chrrawav'a Coffeehouse in London on 
the 15th of September, 1801. Is thb the 
plaee to which Mr. Ireland, as above quoted^ 
allqdes? Any informatioB respecting its 
name and origin will oblige. The Gratle- 
maa's Magaiine for January, 1799, eoatains 
some curious particubn,.with a view of the 
monument of the Ouseley family in North- 
emptonshire; from whom- thb place may 
perhaps have derived its nanle." 

A CoRRESPONDCNT wfites — *' A por- 
tion of a Parish Register, begbningin 1671, 
containing baptbms, marriues, and burials, 
eaeh leaf or page signed « Tho. Frank, Rec- 
tor,' and the names of divers Churchwardens 
very regnlarlv until 1689, has fallen into my 
hands, which I cooM wbh to restore to the 
plaee to which it belongs, but have no means 
of ascertaining of what parbh thb Thomas 
Frabk was Kector, and the names, though 



many of them very common, aflSDrdiajr no cine 
to a discovery, not one parbh in fiucking- 
hamshire, occurring to me as being likely to 
own It t nor is there the name of one persou 
or fomily of note, though probably many to 
whom such an autheotic document might 
eventuallv be Important. It strikes me tnat 
Bedfordshire might possibly compriao the 
parbh, but only from the similarity of some 
very common names there in divers places. 
In one place, * William Brittaio and 
Mary Page, widdow, were msrryed on }* 
thirteenth of Febraary, 1689; both these 
persons were inhabitants of North Crawley 
10 y* oounty of Bucks : Tho. Frank, Rector ; 
George QUlett, Thomas Oromtet, Church- 
waidens.'*>On the blank pegcat the ban- 
ning is T. F. 1788 : to whom Uib relates, 
whether to a relative of the Rector, Mr. 
Firank, or not, b entiraly unknown. It was 
pnrehosed amongst the offml uf an attorney's 
offioe in London, as b asserted, many years 
ago : and by a subsequent sale has been 
.tiansferred to the inquirer. The venr strange 
name of Roger Ventiman occurs m 1688. 
It must have been some very small parish, 
the marriages scarcely averaging half a do- 
zen in a year. 

L. say4, « Any partioulari relative to the 
late General Havilaod, hb fomily connec- 
tions, or military appointments and sorvioes^ 
in addition to those raeorded in vol. Lnr. p. 
719, will he thankfully leeehred. It b pre- 
suaied that the Christian name of Mrs. 
Havibnd was Salbbury ; that she was sbter 
of Mrs. Townley Balfour, and mother of 
Mrs. Huston Fitzberbert, both of losland. 

In p. 9« a reference b made to Thorn- 
ton's two Pbtes of the scaffoUing used for 
restoring the north gable of the transept of 
Beverley Minster to its perpendicular | and 
we have tu add that reduced copies of these 
pbtas» with foil enplanations, are published 
in Oliver's Hbtory of Beverley. 

We have no recollection of the article 
which Mr. Wbthirill saya was sent six- 
teen months ago, and the suligect b now 
gone by. 

The reply to X. "on Clerieal Fannera," 
inonr next. 

J. P. of HanwelTs fitvour b received. 

EltRATA. — ^Vol. c. i. p. 515, a. I. «4, Ka- 
tharine, dau. of LordHaversham, marricMl Mr. 
White,an attorney.— Bmifcf'rSanemd^ Peerage, 
P. 561, the late Major Reunell's name 
was James, not John. P . 6t9, 1. 8 and 1. 
6, Jar Jeremiah xlvii. rend xlvi.— — Part ii. 
p. 169, col. 1 , 6 lines firom bottom,yor Auf . 

96, read July 86. P. 1 89, a. 1. 33, for 

fother, rind sister. The sbters were devotedly 
attached to each other. — P. 925, b. 1. 5 firom 
bottom,yor Nicbolu HanUnge, read George 
Hardinge. 



Obituary. — F. SomtrciUe, D.D. — IV. Phelan, D.D. 



183 



ly of Sceptlcitm, tlw abgurdit)> of dog- 
|»tiunK on Rrlii;ioui tubjccit, and the 

iireiDtt l" and " An Citay 

fi (he Nilurol Equnlily uf Mm kind, ihe 

!t that Ktull ftitat it, and ibc duli» 

Ifeivb tt impiMM," were honoured witb 

^KMlal by ihe Tajltrian Society at 

Utrlem, and oric'rnally priniFd in iu 

- The Eiiglith Itantlalioni were 

^hFxhed in London in IT88 and 1793. 

Ulrrcht he ilio publitlied 

BTb« S|urit of ilie Timei cantidered, in 

EVl Srrmon oil Mali. iTi. 3, IT93," 

"The Influence of Divine 

I on ihe Reformation of the 

lermnn, nnV" Bhi. In 17P6 

lied Dr. titorne Caropbcll, lu 

bnripal 9t thr Marischnl L^'lk-ge i he 

Tb b«eanF Mini.ier of the Grey Frjan 

wrch Id Aberdeen. He publiihed in 

tt yckr t funeral aermon on Dr. L'amp- 

ll ftnd a]ia"The IiiBuenceof Reli- 

a on Nalioual Pnii|>eri(y i a fast Ser- 

roim P.. a»«U. IS;" and "The 

r Method of Dcfendini; ReliKioui 

■(b In tioKt of luRdelliyi a Synod 



r SeoiUnd. Hit 



re, the ( 



dibe 



and G<.>> 



of the Objec 
■dam and Good 
-By ibii ta>t, 






> tb« ReFma 

■ ■• S voli. 
I obtained Bur 

iliii( to ISSOJ. The competitor! 

vabout M in number; anil ibe le- 

Hid piiiei amounting to 4001., wai 

~ " . tba preient 

■■■hop ol Cbeiter. 

Tbo». Somektii.lb, D. D. 
JUof 14. At Jedburgh a 



ly't Cbaptiini in Ordinary for Scotland, 
and Miniiler of Jedburgh, 

Dr. Sumerville arq.,ired a de.erved 
reputation as an hitiurlan. Tbe liilet of 
hia publicaliimi .ire at follow : " Hitiury 
of Pollii.-al Traiisartlona and Parliei 
from tbe Retloratiun of King Charlei II. 



. iTsa," 



of King Willia' 
" Ohtei 



111. 



nibe 



on I « Sernion preAched before the 
y in Scotland for Propjigatiiig 
ian KnowledKC. Aberdeen, I80S. ' 
SSeimuni. 1B03," 8'U. "Remirkian 
o' 

'. Dugatd Siuari'i Pamjililet on the 
•tlton of a Malheioatical Profeiior in 
iwnity uf Edinburfh. 1806.' 
FrhilemcHi, or the Pr<i°ref) of Virlu 
ra. Edin.lBIO." ^voli.avo. •" 
■ Cbaraeler and influence u( a Vii 
I Kmt: > Sermon on ibe Jol.d 
■ , IBIO." Bvo. "Anatitn 
I new Hiiiorical and Puliti 
iplanxion of (be Rrielattuns. lal 
n EiMy on Ihe EiiMeiice of a > 
icBeinfpiMiei 



and PreaenI Stale of Great 
Britain, I7S3," an octavo p:imphlel ; 
■■ Tbe Kiitory of Great Britain durinc 
Ihe rei|>n of Queen Anne i with a diiter- 
talion cuncrrniiie the danger of the Pro- 
tcitanl Succeition : with an Appeiidii. 
Lundon, 1798," 4ln ; a Sermon, lelt| 
and a Cnlleninn of Sermoni, 1813, 8«D. 
Dr. Somerville was ao advanrvd in 
year* ai to lie eoneldered the father of 
ibe Seotiiih Church. He bad, bowefer, 
astliled In the cummuoion letvicea on 
ibeSibhaih preceding that on wbicb be 
died, and, apparently, wllh do decreaie 
of enerin' or teal. He wu taken ill on 
the eveniu; of that day, and coniinuei) 
to linger, peacefully wailing for bi< real, 
(III hi< departure on the Sabbath of the 
neck fulluwing, much about the hour of 
the evening when be waa flril iniliapuaed. 



'ILLIAM PHEL«h, D.D. 
The R.-T. William Phelan, 
I of Killyman, co. Tyrone, 



ichuul of thai II 



d by the Rev, Mr Cari-y 

the number of bis 



mongat 
il-fellawa were 
O'Sullivana, whoie hopri oFad- 
vaneemenl, like hia own, depended upon 
Ibeirown induitry and abiliiiea. Seldom 
it happena thai three aueh budf of pro- 
iniae blottom logrther beneath the roof 
of an Iriah country ichool-rnum. 

Dr, Phetan't cllese counewaavery 
brilliant. In adililion to Ihe honoura 
cunlcrred upon undergraduatea, at tba 

■cicnce and tbe clatiiea, be obtained a 
Bchularibip, the gold medal upon gradu- 
■lin^, and the mathecnaiical premium, 
nhicli ii the highrci distliietion that caa 
be conferred upon a ttudenl. He wu 
also a leading member or ibe Hlilorieal 
Soceiy, and gained aoroe high and valu- 
fruin the Ruyal Iriih Academy 



eaaaya 



aubjrc 



of gen 



>l liK 
ed by the 



aame good laate and aound 
which diatinguiib hia more mature pro- 
ductiona. In lel3 he aat lor a fellow - 
>hi|>, and, from hi> auperioi aniwering. 



184 



Odituaky. — h'illiam Phelan, D.D. 



[Aug- 



it.wM ezpcctetl that he would be declared 
iine of the tuccetiful oandidatet ; but, 
to the amaiement of all hit friendi, hit 
name wat patted over, and three other 
gaittlemun elected. Tbit circumttance 
aroie from the Jamblinf; waj in which 
the membert of the board giTe their 
votei«all at once, or timul ac temel, at 
they term It. It were tediout to explain 
Che procett ; but the reader mav form an 
opinion of itt abturdity from thit — that 
Isad there been no more than two racan- 
riei, Fhelan wat entitled, by the judcr- 
mrnt of the eleciort, to tbe tecond, but, 
at there were three, he wat excluded, ac- 
ounliuic to the tame Judgment, from all. 
In the fullowlnf year he wat af^ain un- 
tue<^tfu1i and thute repeated dlsap- 
pulntmentt vialtin|c a conitltution natu- 
rally weak and irritable, and now that- 
tered by iutnnte application, induced 
him to i^lTe over the further purtuitt of 
eollf K* honourt, and accept the tituatiun 
of temnd matter in the endowed tchool 
of Londonderry. Upwardt of two yeart 
had pamcd In thit new occupation when 
he wat prevailed upt>n, by the advice of 
the Archbithop of Dublin (who wat the 
Dean of Cork;, to try his chance once 
more, and, notwitbstandini; to long a 
desuetude of familiarity with the austere 
muses of tbe upper end of the hall, be 
wateatily tuccessful.. From tbit period 
he devoted himself almost exclusively to 
the study of 'divinity, for whichj indeed, 
the Rolitjiry, ttate of his chambert left 
him abundant leisure; for, whatever 
may have been the cause,' he was unpo- 
pular at a tutor,' and either was ignorant 
of the arts, or ditdained to make use of 
them, by which^ pupilt were made to 
awarm around others, hit inferiort in 
every retpect. A pamphlet which he 

Sublished, intitled "The Bible, not the 
iible Society," operated in tome degree 
against bis tuccets. It was praised highly 
by the High Church party, but it ex- 
cited the pious indignation of anumerout 
and influential clatt in society; than 
whom there are few nore active at 
frientft, and none to bitter and indefati- 
gable as foes. No wonder if poor Phelan 
imarted under the lath. In 1820 he wat 
appointed ' to preach the " Donnellan 
Lectures," and bit discourtet were great- 
ly admired fur the beauty of the style at 
much as for tbe ttrength and closeneot 
of tbe argument. But, although his ser- 
mons were masterpieces of composition, 
he wanted tbe physical requisitet which 
go to constitute a great preacher. Hit 
'voice, in particular, was bad, and so 
weak' as to be almost inaudible in the 
gallery even of tbe college chapel. It 
was as a controversialist that he shone. 
In that field the peculiar puwen of his 



mind were brought into action, and tbe 
variety of his informatioOt as well at the 
acutenest and intrepidity of bit charac- 
ter, displayed themselvei. Thit Dr. I>oyle 
found to hit cott, when. In 1834, he 
launched out the first of his flerce tirades 
against the doctrinet and the establish- 
ment of the Church, with all that confl- 
dence of assertion which goes down with 
the multitude for superior knowledge. 
Phelan took his weapons from a store- 
house into which the good eaty Doctor 
little dreamt of any Protestant divine in- 
truding ; for, being well versed in the 
Irish language, not only as it it tpoken, 
but, what it a rare accomplishment even 
in thit country, being familiar with itt 
written character, he rantacked the ma- 
nutcript-rooni of the college library, and 
tpeedily convinced the world that he 
knew more about the introduction of 
Christianity into Ireland, and even about 
the renowned St. Patrick, than Dr.Doyle 
himself. A pamphlet which he published 
linder the signature of '* Declan " (after 
an ancient worthy of the Irish church 
who flourished before the dominion of 
the Pope was recognised in the *' holy 
isle,") placed its author at the head of 
modern controversialists, and the re- 
doubtable J. K. L. attempted to answer 
it in vain. 

In I8S5, Dr. Phelan withdrew his 
name from the college books, and mar- 
ried, having previously endeavoured to 
obtain a dispensation from the king to 
enable him to retain bis fellowship. Mr. 
Plunkett undertook to procure that in- 
dulgence for h'm, but either he did not 
exert himself as was expected, or the 
Oxford prejudices of the Home Secretary 
were not to be overcome, and Phelan 
once more began tbe world with a wife 
and a curacy. He met with a munificent 
patron, however, in the Primate, who 
never tuffers a deserving clergyman to 
languish in his diocese, and who takes a 
laudable pride in promoting men of 
learning and ability. Dr. Phelan was 
soon presented to a good living (Killy- 
man} by his Grace ; and the college, to 
mark their sense of his merit, as well as 
to compensate him for the loss of bis fel- 
lowship, agreed to bestow upon him the 
first benefice at their disposal (Artray) 
the choice of which would have fallen to 
his turn if he had still remained in col- 
lege. Thus, at the time of bis death, he 
was in tbe possession of two valuable 
preferments. 

Since Dr. Phelan's examination by the 
committee of the House of Lords, in 
18S5, his name has been but little before 
tbe public. His time has been cbieHy 
engrossed by the pastoral care of his ex- 
tensive parifhcsj and in the cultivation 



Obituary.— Hfli. Price, Eiq.— Samuel Firell, Esq. 185 



ti xnd virluea ol dom< 
t, vhivl) liv many BDiiible mil ii 
|H«JUi«* to ciiiiiirnlly fitiail bin 



I. Price, Esq. 

JuHt ... At Merrjaiiiii's Mill, near 

W(«c«ier, William Pr>«. E^. M.ILS.L. 

live of ihAt city, Having 

Ut\y »rqi.»i.ned willi llie 

rniu UngtugM, hit ubliiiird in 181 1 

>( Asjddnnl Si^c^rrtnry >i>d 

Flmerfirtter lo the Btigliah Embsuy in 

jr<nu, undir Sir Gore Ouiel^y. He aI- 

■tarwanli puliliili«d > jDurn^l oF the Em- 

iiig to tlie pbiiologiet. During 

Elu* itajF «t Stiiru be rnide tucb iliscuve- 

' * u enabled him to decipbcr tlie ar- 

■-hckdtd cbaraclen [ouiid among tbe 

ini or Petsepolii, &e. nbich had loi>i; 

C^'rciMdlbcieuoienufOriciitalicboUff. 

" ■--3 Mr. Crice publLihed in 4lo. a 

[ Craminar uf tbe Hindixianee, Persian, 

d Arabics in IBSIil, Elemenli of ibe 

■iterii Language, and ■ new Grimaiar 

«f Ibc Hiiidoatanee Language, bolh also 

in quarto. He bad a private preii in hia 

bou*e; and had been rtctnHy engaged 

ih eaaling ty|ie fur a new work an Ori- 

. cnlal Language. 

On the day ot lii) death, he roie at 
Jib uiual early bour ol five o'eloeki vi 



1 have wilneiied repeated- derieioiw- of 
(iie Court 111 Tarour of Parliamentary re* 
form, and peiiiiont r.^ the reriaal of tbe 
criminal cod?, fi)t tbe abotiilon bf ala^ 
very, and fur the gn-at caune •>( reli- 
gious llberlyi wbicb hu lignaily Iri- 




iih • 



.pi'p!e>y a 



ived only a (e* boura. 

HUEL F1IIELL, I^BO. 

At Camberwell, aged 70, 
nutl Favell, Etq. Ciiiien and Clulb- 
L worker "f Londun : for many yean n 
ZntJ >c(ivE member of tbe Common 
k Council- 
Mr. Favell naa firat eleeled aCommon 
r CDUDcitman for the Ward uf Aldgaie In 
ISlOi and on bit relirement la>t No'^ 
vtvbitr publitbed tbe folloviingaulobii}- 
f rapbieal akeicb of bi< political career, 
in th« form of an addreai to bi> coii- 



"Genlltoien, — My advanced age am 
Ox ante of my health oblige me to re 
linquifU Ibe honour uf reprctenling yoi 
ID tbe Common Council i and alibougl 
1 ki>pe 10 retire with clean handl. yei 
after SO yeari' lervire, I owe aome ao 
caunt of my itewardibip. J am con 
•cieut of many deHcieiieiee in Ibe dii 
cbltrge of the ward^iuliea,— deficiencie 
vbich bave been ably aupplivd by m; 
colleaguea and your wonhy Alderman. 

" 1 b>ve diligently attended ihe Court 
of Coaunai) Council, and ii« variou 
cDoimitUti, and have taken an aciiv 
pact in many political conleiti, wjtbou 
aakinK, 1 Iiuti, any perionil encmiei 



I have lived to tee g. 



it all e ration* 



tliii snbji^t may tufBce. I Inined Ihe 
CunililuiiiiiiHlSocietyaoonafEerSlrWDi. 
Jane* became a member of It. Tbe Dean 
of Si. A<iph (Mr. Sbipley) preieiitvd u> 
with a vety teniperate dialogue, nrit- 
K'li by Sir William, in favuUr of Pailia- 

proiecuted by ilie A<lorney-generat* as 
sedilinut, anil It wa« irled before Jnilice 
Bnlli^r. al ibe lime tbe author held m 
high judicial stluaiion in ilieF^aii Indief. 
1'be rnligblrned alate uf the public mind 

power uf llie preai, and the NiRoence of 
general education. I have astialEd tu 
(he belt of my ability many aucitties 

rroro*tbe'*fiI'.'t''ge"ral me.^Mg of'U 
Sunday SebunI Society in IT^S, to Ihat 
of Ihe London Uiiiveni.y in iB«S. I 
bave lalioured with other rriciidt lU «■■- 
bli<.h Ihe Mill-hill Grammar Si'h..<>l, 
uhich, ihougb nut immediately euKnect- 
ed with Ihe city, haj lurniihed dotitig 
the lait ?0 yeara (he aoiii of many of iis 

cinit endowed acboola, several' Ml II- hill 
scbnlan having ubtained bleb honours 
in Ibe Univeraiiy of Canibririge, ti'd one 
became Senior Wrangler, it haaaluayi 
iH-eniine ortbeohjecta of that inniiu- 
liim 10 lay a aure fuundalion fur moral 
and religiuui character. 

" I retire from the Corpbralion wiih 
grenl reaped (or ila members, »itb many 
of whom I have long co.operated id'iup- 
porting the rights uf uur Fclluw-ciliieiis 
and Ibe general liberties uf Ibe country. 
They have lately manifeiled agreatapirit 

library in Guildhall and in many other 
objecla. 1 ahall ever eonsider it an ho- 
nour lo have given a eaalingiote in Ibe 
commilleefortbe ereelion oF aneWLon- 
don-bridge,— a noble munument of na- 
tional iplendour, and a great public con- 
venience to the cily oF Londun. 

'f In looking back (0 tha taittoty of 40 
yeari, lilted with ev«nt> Ibe mott eilra- 
ordinary and momentoua Ibal bave ever 

* This aaserlion wai corrected aoun af- 
ter pubLieatioii i the proiecullon wat by 
a private individual, Mr. JoiiM^, no* 
Maribal oftbe Kins'» Bench. 



186 Obituaat. — Pinkslan Jtunes, M.D.'-'Reo. R. Sheppard, [Aug. 

occurred in the annali of civiliied Europe, 
it is (ratifyinf; to reflect that the coniti- 
CuUonal principles by which 1 endea- 
voured to regulate my conduct in early 
life, although they exposed me to much 
opposition and contumely, are now be- 
come the avowed sentiments of the ablest 
and best men of the age, and have, in 
many instances, been brought into effi- 
cient operation for the benefit uf the 
public, by the enlightened members of 
His Majesty's Government. 

<* I beg to express my sincere wishes 
for the happiness of your worthy alder- 
man, the deputy, and the gentlemen 
with whom 1 have acted, and for the ge- 
Deral prosperity of the inhabitants of the 
ward of Aldgate. — I have the honour to 
be your faithful servant, 

*' Samuel Favell. 
« St. Mary-Axe, Nov. 6, 1829." 

On the SOth of last April a Urge pro- 
portion of the members of the Corpora- 
tion met in the Council-chamber at 
Guildhall to witness the .presentation of 
a piece of plate to Mr. Favell. It bore 
the inscription— *' To Samuel Favell, 
Esq. Presented on his retirement from 
public life by S30 members and officers 
of the Corporation of London, in testi- 
mony of tlieir respect and esteem for the 
Ability and integrity which uniformly 
distinguished his conduct, and fur his 
amiable and conciliatory deportment 
during the many years he continued a 
member of the Court of Common Coun- 
ciU—S6th April, 1830." 

Mr. Favell was conducted into the 
Council Chamber t^ Mr. Alderman Wood 
and Mr. Alderman Waithroan. The Lord 
Mayor oflPered the present with a com- 
plimentaiy speech, highly eulogiiing 
Mr. Favell as the advocate of freedom ; 
the asserter of the rights of toleration ; 
and the promoter of education, and re- 
form in the penal code ; and Mr. Favell 
made a long and eloquent reply. 

On the Sunday on which he .died, Mr. 
Favell had three times attended public 
worship at Camden Chapel. He supped 
and talked cheerfully wiih his family ; 
went to bed at half-past nine, and before 
ten was instantaneously summoned into 
eternity, by a stroke of apoplexy. 



PiNKSTAN James, M.D: 
•^Kfy 14. At the bouse of his son, 
near Evreux, of apoplexy, aged 64, Pink- 
«Uu James, M.D. of George-street, Hano- 
▼er^wioare. 

He ent^d active Ufa at a Midship- 
man in theHbyal Navy, about the same 
time ^\ih his present Majesty. The first 
engagement tbMt he mmw was likewise 
/^ Jf/vi w which Kiot William IV. 



stood the fire of the enemy,— that in 
which Langara, the Spanish Admiral, 
was defeated and taken. He was then 
in the Invincible, but soon after quitted 
that ship, and served for some years in 
the Pegasus frigate, commanded by Cap- 
tain Stanhope. In this vessel he saw a 
great deal of service in the West Indies, 
and had twice tlie yellow fever. It is 
somewhat singular also, that the present 
King afterwards sailed in the same ship. 
On bis return from the West Indies be 
quitted tbe navy, and studied medicine 
at the college of Edinburgh, where he 
took his degree. He then passed tbe 
College of London, and has ever since 
practised in the metropolis. During the 
regency of his late Majesty, lie was ap- 
pointed one of his Physicians extraordi- 
nary, and shortly after was elected Phy- 
sician to the parish of St. George, Hano- 
ver-square. 

Rev. Rbvett Shbppard, A.M. 

Aug, 10. At the Glebe House, Wrab- 
ness, Essex, in his 52d year, the Rev. 
Revett Sheppard, a most intelligent and 
scientific naturalist. He received his 
academical education at Caius College, 
Cambridge, where he proceeded to the 
degree of A.B. in 1801, aud to that of 
A.M. in 1804. In 181 1, he was licensed, 
on the nomination of A. Upcher, Esq. to 
the Perpetual Curacy of Willisham ; and 
in 18S5 was presented by his nephew, 
John Wilton Sheppard, of Ash-by-Camp- 
sey. Esq, to the Rectory of Thwaite, both 
in tbe county of Suffolk. 

Mr. Sheppard was an acute and accu- 
rate observer of nature ; well versed in 
various branches of its history^ and a 
Fellow of the Linnean Society, to whose 
" Transactions" he contributed the fol- 
lowing interesting communications, viz. 
** A Description of the British Usards, 
and of a new British species of Viper," 
vol. '7» p. 49 ; in conjunction with the 
Rev. W. Wbitear, a table of the « Times 
of Migration of Summer Birds of f^assage, 
at Harleston, Norfolk, Offton in Suffolk, 
and Wrabness in Essex," vol. 15 ; and 
a '< Description of Seven new' British 
Land and Fresh-Water Shells, with Ob- 
servations upon many other species, in- 
cluding a list of such as have been found 
in the county of Suffolk,*' vol. 14, p. 148. 

Mr. Sheppard was likewise an occa- 
sional contributor to this Magaiinei 
where, at pages 398 and 510, are some 
*' Biographical Notices" of the different 
branches of his ancient fsmilyi aild his 
naae is frequently mentioned in tbe 
*' Introduction to Entomology," by Kir- 
by and Spence ; as well as in ** tbe But- 
terfly CoWtciox'ft Vade Mecum,"by Miss 
Jtrmyn* - &^ « 



' 1830.] Obitu. 



-tteeJMoTra. — Rev.H.Donnt.— Ree.G.DTuri/. 187 



Rev. J. MoRiiEa. 

j$iiS. 3. Tbe Rev. John Morro, M.A. 

RMIorufNflher Brousblon, and Chop- 

— kin of DMj nn ihe Wolils, co. L»icp»- 

pr. He MiibDrn Jan.g4,n6S,at Rueh- 

din Hmrordshirr, rKciTrd hiticbool 



X Lronil 






tercd in April 1783 i 
t College, Oirord. There lilt inof- 
Miv», rrgular, and itudiout bafaitE en- 
Md bim ibe etieein of all, and were 
t (roandol hii inlrodudion in l7B9to 
'■te Eur! of Radnor, atht engagnl 
■I tutor lo hii ton, the preient 
It) Ibat Umily be (gained [he per- 
K conNdeiiee a-iil eaterm nf bii noble 
1795 prrtenicd 
blnlbfabovr-naineilbeneli^e. Therr, 
Rh baiio; al bit own rxpcnie rebuilt 
^ PartDita^, wilb Ihe ■dj:i»nl build- 
he Ciiramenri-d W't rmdence in 
_ J and the lanie yeiir be miirTicd 
babeth, daughter of Jabn Qumd, 
ol Honllon, D«vontbire, with 






«ppin. 



B March, IB!4, when he hiid tbe mii- 
rtoae to lute her, having before alto 
Ked three cbildrrn, one of whnrn, a 
■■had given early pmolor ihe bigbeit 
"rom thii time bis health be- 
line, till al kn(;ih be exbi- 
d tynplom* eFdrnptj, vhUb in tbe 
mt year increaseil rapidly, and ended 
a diaialutioii, to ibe great grlr-f of 
jvtnrviving ton and duUKhler, and the 
"Bpcere and unirenal regret vf bit pariib 
■lul ocl*^bourhoad. 

Daring the 3S yeari that be vai con- 
alaatly reiident on hit brnefice, bli rar- 
nett, veil rrEulaled leal in bit prnfet- 
floDal dollei. bis pieiy, moral worth, and 
beneficence, entitled him lu the reipect 
anil (Talitude of bit pariibioncr*. All bit 
knore bouri were devoted to llie «lndy 
or HKolaRy and Ibe eduration of hit 
rhildrenj but bit bumilily deterred bim 
(torn appearing befor 



author 



He I 



:r printed ai 



year 1800. a Sermon preached fur Ibc 
Sucitty fur Prnmoling Cbrinian Knut- 
Udge, and publiibed at their request and 
charge in 1815, and two E>i>)> ohirh 
gained the prilei initiiuted by the pre- 
iciil B'sbop of Salisbury, ihcn Bitbop of 
St. David'f, in ibe yean 1818 and ISID. 

Rtv. H, Donne. 
^ig. 17. At the Vicarage- hoojB, Cnn- 
boTM, DorMt, aged e', (lie Rev. Ileuiy 
Donne, fin many jean iocnmbFOt of lluit 
pariah, and as active magiitnte in Ihs 
. coo^ of Dnnel. He wtt the eldest ton of 
f^t. Benjamia Dntuie, ■ milhtmaticlin of 
MKl (Diamce, the author of leverkl vorka 
atiJu ti diaraattr, toi Matter afMechMici 
jeOL jtff. Donne 



•nu bora at Bidefbrd, in Devon, Feb. I, 

17^3: matriculiied December S, 173J, it 
St. Edteund-hill, Oxfijrd, -here be gn- 
duated May 13, l7S7i ordained Deacon 
May «, 1785, and Fiieit March 4, 1787. 
He oaa preiented to the ticang* of Cran- 
bnrne March 6, 1787, by the laie Marqnit 
of Saliibury; and on 0clnlieri6, i;97,wu 
ioitituted totherpcloryof Beeby, laLcico- 
Cerahire, to iihich he *a* preienud by the 
late Earl of Sbarteibory. Thi< living he 
exchanged, in ISIS, for Botcotnbe, la 
Witubire, (patron, the Bithop of Salitbuir.) 
vbicb he held till the day nf hit death, for 
many yean lie held the iitBalinn of Chaplain 
in hii MaJHty'i Navy, and laiUd in llut 
cipaciiy with tlia late Sir John Dackworth, 
and hit friend Adminl Roire, whote daush' 
t»r he irarried oa tbe dcoeate of hit Bril 
Kife. Mn. Donne lurtivei him, and ono 
dauchter. ^ILi only loo, the Bev. Theo- 
jihiiut Donne, died in Jamaica, to the year 
laai, and hai left icverat children. 



Ji-ly e. At ttie tiiebe-tiouie, t.ieyaon, 
Suffolk, in bii ;7[h year, the R«. Geoigo 
Dru7, He was dooended from the Rnug- 
>iam branch of the very tacisnt and oaca 
widely-citeuded family nf [bit name ; and 
received bit academical education at Caini 
CoMsee, Cambridge, ohere be proceeded to 
the dogrea of A.B. in I77R, and to that 
of A.Mi in 1779. In I'SO, be wai collated 
by (he Biihnp of Ely lo the Rectory of 

1731 wu iutituled, on hit own pretcnution. 
to the Rectory of Cleydan, with that of 
Akcnham annexed, all in the County of 
Suffolk. 

DEATHS. 

LONDOH *KD ITS VlCINTTy, 

July 16. Aged 33, Mr. G. Sirioger, ion 
of C. Slrioger, e>q. of Emley Woodhouie, 
near Wakefield, in conieqiienee uf the boat 
in wb-ch ho and a party of friendi were awl- 
ini; in the Thamet, off Bermoudiey, baing 
upiet by the Prince Frederick iteamer, o? 
Hull. He had gone to I^ndnn for iha 
PUTpo>e of palling hii examination at the 
Vxcrinary College, which Wat to have taken 
place on the following day. 

Juiyll. Aged7S, at liriiton-hill, N. 
A.Martiniu>,c>q. 

JulyiS. AlbeniBttk-hill, Camberwell, 
«q. Saiab, wife of S, RichardHn, eiq. and 
dau. of the late G. Etheridge, of Koiton. 

Julu 15. At Groivenor-place, Cambai- 
well, Suuu, wifeof Capt. N. Belcher, R.N. 

John Gilder, etq. lata E. I. C.'i Me- 
dical EiUhliihmenl. 

July 98. Near Putney, by tlirowin' 
himielf from the back teal of hi* open 
chaiie. Col. Ogl*. AiiuDacontniA\i\s\mi^- 
inj} of the fore antttrce t.\\i»w t.W Uni-"Ve«\ 
on the horte, tu at W miUla at>& waJM^Ciw 



J 



k''- 



18fl 



re^tlre 



IIV 



Obituary. 



■1 



[Aug. 

tfucKi.— Jufy 97. O. llraeri, esl|. B.A. 
\tM of St. John's eallcg«» Gii^brldgt. He 
WM droimed whiitt bfttnioc Mar FbhAer. 

Devoir. — Laidyt at TiKratndc* the plaee 
of^iit batlfity, Major JamcaS. SmitK of tha 
RffjiA Marine Artillery, and brother to thn 
Rer. N. S. Smith, translator of Tacitus and 
Xenophon, of Bagatelle HooAe, near Bath. 
This gaflani offieer liad nany times distin- 
guished himself in the service of his eonotry. 

DoRsrr. — July 99. At Long Close 
Farm, Abbey Milton, Mr. Sagittary Champ. 

July 98. At Minteme House, Eleanor, 
relict of Right Hon. Robert Digby, Adniiral 
ofthe Fleet, who died Feb. 96, 1814, (see 
vol. Lxxziv. i. p. 419.) Stie was eldest 
dan. of Andrew Elliot, esq. late Lieuk-Gov. 
of New Yorit; was first married to — 
Jaoncy, esq. ; and 9dly, Aug. 19, 1784, to 
Admiral Digby. 

Jufy IS. At Lyme, John Warren, esq. 
many years the leadii^ member ofthe oorpo- 
ratioo. 

Jiffy 18. At Wimbome, in her 90th year, 
Mrs. Gulliver, widow of the late Isaac Uul- 
liver, esq. 

EsiBZ. — Aug, 19. In her 85th year, 
Eliz. widow of the late John Read, esq. of 
Walthamstow. 

Gloucestbrsh. — Feb. 93. At Clifton, on 

a visit to his son, William St. Clair, e^. of 

Skeddaway, Fifeshire, and of Edinburgh, 

late Iieut.-CoIooel of the 93d regt. or Ruyal 

Aged 49, at Clapham, Elix. wife of Borderers, with which he served (or 36 years. 



Anxiety tQ .ascape ftota liis port- 
caQOUS aituatioOj |was the ' Clause of that 
ntitmpt which eaded .s6 fatallT. Cpl. Ogle 
ka^ left a widow and seven cblidred. 

^ed 61, Thomas Grundy > .esq. of Earl;' 
street* Westminster. . 

July ao. Aged 46, EIlz. Bathgati, wife 
of. R. BataoB, esq., of Clavtpn-pkce, Ken* 
■iMton. 

At Knightsbri3ge, in his d^h year, Mr. 
Peter Coloaghi, third son nf Mr. Colnaghi« 
sep. printseller, nf PalT-inail east. 

July 91,.- Aged 84, at Brighton, the relict 
o/ John Pericins, esq. of Park-street, South* 
wiiric, and of Camberwell. This excellent 
la^T enjoyed the brilliant society of Mr. 
anrf Mrs. Thrale, Dr. Johnson, Sir Joshua 
RfynoUs, &c. . 

lately. In Lancaster-place, James, 
yqungeit.son of the late Dr. Mitchell. 

Miss Butcher, dau. of the late Rev. 
Robert Holt Butcher, Vicar of Wandsworth. 

In Upper Gower-street, Isabella, wife of 
F^qocis Douce, esq. 

; Aug,^ 1. At Winchester honse. New- 
road, in her 68th year, Suianua, widow of 
tl^ Late Augustus osia, esq. 

^1^^ 8. Aged 89, at Clapliain Rise, R. 
"fullo^h, esq. 

,, ^a<g. 9. In Devonshire-pla^, Padding- 
t^9,in his 76th year, T. Wilkinson, esq. 
ftirmerly of Westborpe House» near Great 
l^farlow, Bucks. 



David Davidson, esq. 
■■.^ug, 10. At the Coburg Hotel, of apo- 
plexy^ X«dy <irey-£gertan, widow of the 
late Rev. Sir Philip Grey-^rtoo, Bart, who 
died Dec. 18, 1899, aud dau. of James 
Dupr^, Wilton Park, Bucks, esq. (see 
part i. of this voL p. 79.) 

Aug. 1 1 . Mary, relict of the late Rev. 
Ti Powell, of Hulluway. 
.Aug. 19. Rebecca Phipps, wife of H. 
Moreton Dyer, esq. of Devonshire-place 
Honse. 

Aug. 14. Dr. Hall, Cupela*}u>ase, New 
KeoVroadyand late of Dulwich, Surrey. 

Aug. \6, Aged 44, at Townsf nd-house, 
Recent*a Pkrk, Mijor C. U. Glover, lau 
e6tti Bengal Infentry. 

At Humerton, in hia 83d year, William 
Pearson, esq. 

Aug. 16. At Camberwell, in her 86th 
year, Sarah £li<. -wife pf: Mitchell Green- 
•way^ esq. £. 1. C 

Aug. 18. Aged 46, in Biyaoston -square, 
•H. Eyre, esq. of Botlaigb« 

BB]iKi.-rAt Slough, .near Windsor^ In 
his 89th year, H. Dawes, esq. 

Augj 8. Al Graxeley Lodge, Reading, 



July 91. At Clifton, at an advanced 
age, C. Hill, esq. late of Wick House, Bris- 
l^Bgton, and for many years an acting Ma- 
gistrate and a Deputy Lieutenant for So- 
menet. 

July 99. Aged 80, at Frenchay, Mary, 
relict of John S. Harford, esq. of Blaise 
Castle. 

Aged 41, at Cheltenham, J. H. Green, 
esq. of Mancliester- street, London, only 
aon of the Rev. John Green, of Hul laving- 
ton. Rector of Norton BavaDt, Wilts. 

Aug. 8. At Clurlton Kind's, Lieut.-Co1. 
Martin Leggatt, late of the 36t\\ regt. He 
was appointed Capt. in the 3d battalion of 
reserve, 1803; in the 69th foot, 1804; 
60th foot, 1806; Major 36th foot, 1819; 
nnd brevet Lt.-Col. 1817. He served In 
Spain and Portugal, and acted as Aide*de- 
camu to Lieut.-Gen. Sir W. Lumlev. He 
received a medal, and orfe clasp for the 
battles ofthe Pyrenees and Tonlonse. 

Aug. 4. In his 74th year, Isaac Pullen, 
,esq. of Tytherington. 

Aug^ 0. At Tewkesbury, Nath. Hart- 
land, esq. banker, a highly respectable 
, member ofthe Society of Friends. 

Aug. 11. At Cheltenham, Mrs. S. J. 



the Hon. Mrs. John Supleton, wife of Rtcketts, relict of the late G.PoyntzRicketts, 

-Lient.-Colooel Stapleton. Bengal civil service, and youngest dau. of 

Augi 16» At Reading, in her 19th year, . the late unfortunate Capt. Fierce, of the 

Xharlotte, relict of John PreUijohn> esq. Halsewell East Indiaman, which w^ wracked 

late of Barbadoes. off Portland In 1786 (see ¥ok LVi. p. 76) . 



. AlFjfic1il,Mn.H.j- Donougl.m 



•f idict e£ Julin Uajur, etn. of WlnMi- 
I iU^ 31. At Sudd Hntli Kouta, 



DKl»>dE(> (gtil 7I> Th<H. 1 



gsili je«r. Mm. Mirjr ^ 



, Rtglui frofeuor of 



prftV. I. At P^knll Hngie, 



, Mi> 



WclJ, 



of the I 



0. 17S«j 



^. Wdd. «.<!. of L..l«o,lh Cus 
■ Kg. 1, ,1810. ju.t Iwfntjr fast j>te- 
bia ■'i.lnw ,iee v.jl. LX»ii. r. 193]. 
« Hv}. cld»l <l*i>. of Sir JuUa Sud- 
ll^aiwy Swnter, of Hontim, CUuhire 
; <•« Imro Ott- 
B 1779 W Mr Weld. 
0. 4. In lier n3d fMr, ThoiDuin, 
Mh af iIk Ret. Edw- P!>illip>, of Eut Tj- 

At Wintheiwr. C.pt. H. Lt- 
1,'R.N. broibet to G. K. LvforH, oq. 

,r,ofWinclie.t«;. 

w. 11. At Guparl, in hli S3il j»r, 
1. K. OiWItJ, Ml), uf Witnliorac Mb>l«r, 



D, W. Edwin. 



4!), Elil. 

M.P. r>t Gftrtven-ir-itreet. 

An^. i. At Rodent, kged 73, ElU. wife 
ofEdw. Feppln. eiq. 

BusiEX,— Ju/p 19. At Lyewood-houie, 
iged 63, Thui. UTbhi Ci.iwfu[d. eiq. ucddcI 
tun of tha ItU QibU Ciiwfaid, eig. of 



P.tk, Jt.!; 



lug. At Uilll 

Mddeitt i>ti(l on the Ei>I 
erine, the KCood daiigliler of R. Flamcr 
ud. «q. Tbe l»llir » tupp.jsd Co liiie 
d •( s tiiwkep heart wbi<>t wHciiisg over 
n pi ring fither. 

List. — Auf. 1. At Friodibnry, in her 
|l jwr, Huriiet, tl.B onlj d.uL.liier of 
a Sa«tt. esq Cornptinllei of litl Mi- 
• CBiUnni, Rocheiter. 
^ 109, mt Seicooka. W. U>, oell 
B bt hil p«riudlcll rigili [u dilTerent 
Df ihc GoaatlT. under the denominalion 
" Kipg of (he Qis(i«." 
U|rSO. Ai the ViMnge, Sittineboum, 
bv «Sth jrnr. the widow of tha Re*. 
ID Lough. lUe vicar ofthu pliee 
Atg. 13. At GDUngham VicDrage, in 
Imt Bl)t nir, Jiae. relict of the \t\e R«v. 
W. B. Ptge, Preb. of Cbc.ter, ud \i«r of 
Frodiham, *ad mother 'if the liie Rer. Dr. 
Kn, Head Muter of Weitminiur School. 
LtMCiiHiRE. — Jtd'j U, At Ornterod- 
liauti, LaBcathirg, in hei SUijear, Mn. 

Oimerod. 

^fOf. a. Ac Mancbeittr, Mojot Rich. 
^x^, afthe&athregincDi. 
- Liie»fT»a>Bim;.-— Vii/y i-i. At Applehj' 
l^na. aged GT> M«;, relict of ihe late 
InJ. Grew, ev|. of Sibitone. 
UHCOLNdllai. — JaluSl. At the Rec- 
TMmm, Stoke, in her aith ;>ear. Mn. 
Ikjlor, relict of the late Rei. Rich. 'I'ajtor, 
a Kit'* Somhomc, Haatt. 
' NoirrHiMrTONSiiinc — At Btmwell, aged 
•r, H. Uajie 0.1dle. esr). 

^ NomTUuMattiLtiiD. — Aug. a. At Eg- 
" ebm Vicarage. ued3i,C.JociljaMu]', 
6iirthaRev.tl.B.Trittram, and young - 
H dan. of the late T. Smith, tif. of tiie 
taoti TimpU, aoi] m*t.t ol tbc Eail of 



July S3. 
cidciC ion 
OIFI»m. 

W 

of tl 

W.W 



IT of Wootlon 



-Jul!, 37- -At SMliiburf, Jana 
Kalherioa, onlj clidd of the laU Rev. Dr. 
Samher, Hector of St. Ediniind'i, Saliibolj. 

Aug. 7. At Saliibuiy, icbar SDih vur, 
Fraocea. relict of the lace £d». HinxfDan, 
eia. of Littia Durnford. 

Ybrhshim.— July 97. Ac Cleethorpoi, 
the wife uf John TliackraT, eu]. one of lbs 
Wardeo. of the Trinity Houte, Hull. 

July SO. In hu 43d year. T. B. Hyliljaril, 
etq. of Wine<U>d. 1» Huldemeii. 

Lately, ued 14, Mr. George Atkloion, 
iurgeoD, oF Sheffield. He -ai ooa of (ho 
earlieiC popili in the medical claH« of the 
London UnirenlCy, and rereitod the gold 
and lilter raediFi (the Kril which (he Uni- 
ver><(y orarded) at hi> doting eKaminitiop. 
■ Ailg. 1. At Hctdlagley, aged 48, W. 
Denton, eiig. late of tlie E. 1. Company'a 
Naral Scrrice. 

Aug. 5. At Aeomb. in W» «4cUyB»t,MT. 
J. WbarKw, tCudcDl of Trinity Colli^^ 
Cambridge. 

Aug. 14. Ac Otley, aged O. J. Temant, 
esq. uf Chapel Home, neat Slipcon, k 
Magittrate of the West Riding. 

Aug. 14. At Hull, aged b~7, Jamei Kew- 

* A^%V. Wm' Uwrence, only «.n of 
Col. Hale, of Acomb. 

Walcs.— ^u^.4. At Ruthin, Denbigh- 
■hire, John Spier Huglics, eiq. 

Aug- 5. At NeaCh, Glamorganthire, in 
hia e«th year, W, Gwjn, eiq. 

UtiKND. In Dubim, Hngh Dick, etq. 
late M.P. for Maldon. 

Aug, 10, la Dublin, in hil 9Bth year. 
CapC HenryDallat, 7Sth regt.eldMt )0D of 
Sir G. DalUi. Bart. 



190 



Obituary.— Bi// of. MorlalUff.— Markets. 



[Aug. 



Dwjf$ esq. tiugeon to th« Hon. £. I. 
Comptny. 

Ike. 90. Id Jamaicft, lient. Philip Don- 
§aii$ eonmuiding the artillery there. He 
m appoiBted Meood lieatenaot 1795« first 
lieutenant lf96, captain-lientenant I80d» 
tecMMid captain 1804» captain 1806, breret- 
major 1814j lientenant-eol. 1895. 

'Ffb, 9. At Meerntt Lieutenant George 
Mayne, of the Company*! Horte Artillery^ 
eeeood ton of the Rev. R. Mayne, of 
Umpefield, Surrey. 

AfeylO. At Quebec* much and deservedly 
huneiited, in his 84th year, the Hon. Carleton 
llio. Monclrton, 94th Foot, only surviving 
Uother of the present Vise. Galway. 

Jkne 11. At Tabreea, in Persia* Sir 
John Macdonald Kinnier, K.L.S. British 
Envoy at the Court of Teheraun. As a tri- 
bate of respect to his memory, the Court 
and inhabitants of Tabreex determined to 
vear mourning three months. 

July 99. At Boulogne-sur-Mer, Francis 
Harold Duneombe, Esq. lau of 74tb rm. 

At Newfoundland, Lt-Col. Henry M,Q, 
Vigoureux, Royal £>og. youngest son of the 
laie L. Vigoureux, esq. of Cliiswick. He 
was appointed second lieut. 1 800, first lieut. 
1801 « second capt. 1806, captain 1810, 
brevet-major 1819, lieut.-col. 1895. 

Laitfy. At Cincinnati, Father Hill, of 



the Roman chnreh, said to be a brother to 
Lord HUl. 

Jiffy 91. At Chambery, m Savoy, Gen. 
Boigne. He was enormously rich. During 
his life, he made the fullowmg donations at 
Chambeiyt — For the construction of a 
theatre, 400,000 francs; to the lunatie 
asylum, 500,000 : mendicity d^pAt, 800,000; 
hospital for aged persons, 1,900,000 j to the 
college, 300,000; for the enlsrgement of 
the public library, 50,000 ; fis^ade of the 
Hotel de Ville, 60,000 ; the construction 
of a street, 500,000 ; founding thirty beds 
in the hospital, 900,000 ; for the purchase 
of linen j &c. for the prisoners in the gaol, 
94,000 ; to the Chevaliers Tireors, 90,000 ; 
to an establishment for teaching trades to 
young girls, 100,000;— toul, 3,678,000 
muics. To his servants he has left from 
1 ,500 to 10,000 firancs each ; to his brother 
and nephew, 30,000; to each grandchild, 
900,000 francs ; to physicians, and others of 
his acquaintance, legacies to the amount of 
100,000 francs ; to his widow, 60,000 
franca per annum ; to his son, estates, &c. 
valued at from 15 to 18 millions of francs : 
to the town of Chambery, for public im- 
provements, an estate which is expected to 
letch from 4 to 500,000 francs ; to every 
poor person In the hospitals, asylums, poor- 
noittes, &c. 6 francs per annum. 



BILI^ OF MORTALITY, from July 93, to Aug. 94, 1830. 



Christened. 
Males - 1351 I 
Females - 1445 { 



9796 



Juried. 
Males - 951 I 
Females - 893 J 



1844 



Whereof have died under two years old 571 
Salt5s. perbusheh 1 {</. per pound. 




9 and 5 149 
6 and 10 79 
10 and 90 71 
90 and 80 137 
80 and 40 161 
40 and 50 160 



50 and 60 171 
60 and 70 169 
70 and 80 199 
80 and 90 55 
90 and 100 12 
109 1 



CORN EXCHANGE, Aug. 93. 



Wheat, 
s. d, 
76 



Bariey. 


Oats. 


Rye. 


Beans. 


s, d. 


$, d. 


«. d. 


s. d. 


35 


34 


84 


44 



Peas. 
s, d. 
44 



PRICE OF HOPS, Aug 98. 



Famham (seconds) •7'. 0«. to 9L Os, 

KentPodECU 6L 65. to 9/. Os 

SosMz SL 16s. to 6L 16s. 

• 6L Os. to 8^. Os. 



Kent Bags 52. I9i. to 7/. 7s. 

Sussex 5^ 16s. to 6/. 6s. 

Essex 52. 19s. to 72. Os. 

Famham (fine) 92. Os. to 112. lis. , 

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, Aug. 19. 
Smithfield, Hay 92. 9s. to 42. 10s. Straw 92. 9s« to 92. 8s. Clover 32. 1 0s. to 52. 10s.' 

SMITHFIELD, Aug. 93. To ainic the Offal— per stone of 8lbs. 

Lunb.... 4s. od. to 4s. 8c/. 

Head of Cattle at Market . Aug. 93 : 

Beasts 9,667 Calves 207 

Sbeepand Lambs 96,810 Pigs 900 

COAL MARKET, Aug. 93, 29s. Od. to 36s. Od. 

TALLOW, per cwt.— -Town Tallow, 38s. Od. Yellow Russia, 86s. Od. 

SOAP0^Ye}}ow,78s.Motihd,7Ss. Curd,80s.—— CANDLES, 8s. per doz. MouldS|9i.6cr. 



Beef 


......... 3s. 


6d. to 4s. 
Od. to 4s. 
Od. to 5s. 
Od. to 4s. 


Od. 


Aiutton.. •■••... 


4S, 


6d. 


Veal 


As. 


Od, 


Pork 


4s. 


8d. 



iS».5 [ 191 3 

PRICES OF SHARES, August 16, 1830, 

At (he OSa of WOLFE, BnoTNIMS, Stoi:k& Shuv Bruten, 93, Cliuige Alliy, Cotnlilll 



C^riALS. 


Price. 


Oivfijim. 


R-MLWAYd. 


PrUl. 


Ow.p.aR. 




f.8S 


£.4 


tVr.l<.fD»o . . 


£45 


ea 10 


AibtoD and UUlhun . 






MiDc^«ler«.L:v«n. 










la 








Kniii=gh.(l-8thJ..] 


391 




WATEH-WORKS. 












EulLoDdoD . . . 




S 


Chdmn&BIxikwHcr 


los 




Of.uJ Junction . . 


60 


a 10 


Cnratrr .... 


8S0 




K«t 


4a 




C)nfi>Al .... 


4tO 


IS 


Mutchcitsr & SaUbtd 






Ssr. : : : : 


1 




Smith LoodoD . . 


9S 


4 p.ec 


ISO 


6 


WutMidd1»« . . 






Dudlij 




S 


INSUEIANCES. 






EHaMKnuidChiter 






Allniio ..... 






FwlhuJCIfri. . . 


6as 




AllUaca .... 


9} 


«p.«. 


GnadiliaMiaa . . 


S90 




Atlu 


llj 


10 


!80 




Bcitiih ComniercUl . 




Sjp.c 


Grud Surm . . . 


so 




Com.tjF.ra . . . 


40 


« 10 


Gnnd Uuioii . . . 


ss* 




E^b 


a 




OnHlWntcni . . 


7 




GlobB 


I6S 




OnMbun .... 


91S 






ISi 










Hop«Ufe . . . . 


H 


63.BJ 


KM>»tudA.«.. . 


«S 




ImpciliJ F.r> . . . 






UncMler .... 






Di«o Life ... . 


ii{ 




LMdiudUnrpool . 


tea 




Protactor Fire , . . 






Uicnur .... 


«0 




Pruvident Life . . 






LcicudNanh'n . 


90 




RockLifa . . . . 


ai 


3 




«90O 


17S 


RI.Kicl»Dee(Sli>ckJ 


1974 


sp.c 


M.rH>y.odlr«ll . 






MINES. 






Moomoutli.hir. . . 






Aodo MkxIeu . . 


3Si 




N.W.l.lan.&Dilh«. 






BoLo 






N«th 


380 u 




Bru>nui(lu.uspa>) 


73 i 




Oifoid ..... 


ea.-* 




Briti.hIro« . . . 


3 




rttkP<«t%t . . . 


77 


3 


Colomh.(iH..tSpm) 


SO dii 




Renat'a .... 


34 




HibeTnLn . . . 


4i 




lUichdalt .... 


8B 
S0§ 


1 


Iri.h Mlnins CompT 
Rcl Del Monte . . 






Se«™«dW,B . . 






SUff.i«lWot. . . 


«ao 




UDiled Mexinn . . 










GAS UGHTS. 






StOUTbridg. . . . 


»S0 






GO 




SUitl<»cd^-A.o<> . 


4Si 




Ditto, Nuir ... 






StroudwKct . . . 


490 




City 




10 ( 


S-UUM .... 


9-4 




Ditto, Ne« . . . 






Tli>i«>&S«veni,Red 




1 10 


Phani. 


61 pm 


6f.c 


DilW, Bl«k . . . 




IB « 


Britiih 


li di. 


Tt.nlS.M.rKy(i.h.) 




37 10 


B.tU 




8lp.o 


W»I".«.dBirming. 






Binuipchuo . . . 




SO 


WHHick Wi N»ptOB 






Bitmmglum&SuSbTd 






Wau>DdBe>k< . . 


H 




Brigliloa .... 


H 




Wocc. ud Blrming. 


loa 




Briitol 


as 


Bip-e 


DOCKS. 






Uleofniaoet. . . 


3 <U< 






B4i 


3 pel. 


Liiw» 


IS 


4p.c 


LDoduo (St«k) 


73i 


Si d«. 


Uverpool . . . . 


375 




W«t lodi. (Swct) 


1S>i 


a odo. 


M.id.Wn. . . . . 




a 10 


Emi IddU (Stock) 






B*tcllff . . . . 




4p,c 




"i 


4 Odo 


Roclidtla . . . . 




1 5 


StiKol 


las 




Sbe£«ld . . . . 






BRIDGES. 






Wmrwick . . . . 


50 


Bp. 




88) 


1 10 


MISCELLANEOUS 








4 




AuitrdiM (Agrioult') 


lOtdi. 




Do. Nt- Tl per cat 






Auction Mait . . 


«i|o 




VM«h.U . . . 


19} 




i AiinaitY.BritiiU . 


\ \9 « 


\ a^ 


WMrloo . . . . 






i' Buk,lr-uh?ToyWu 


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Ciri»i.Stock,l«cUi 


i.\ 1.H 


\ * 


I A... of-/.. . 


— 


IS a 


DiHo, id dm . 


.\ 9\ 


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[ m 1 

HETEOROUKilCAL DIAI^Y. ■r.W.CARY^ Sthamd, 



' EUmahalt'i Therm. 



fnm Ju^ «, la Aug. aq, I UO. lolh iiirhutvr. 



t^ 


^1 


J 


l; 


^1 


-E 




rf»(V 


» 


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TS 


7» 


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76 


8s 


TO 




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99 


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.80 






7» 


31 


7« 


71» 


71 














7f! 


Ai 1 












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74 


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fi.1 


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fifi 


<!7 




in 


" 


fifi 


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!l!ifl 8 il-!t^*V"""'- 



a cloudy 
7 .lio»er. 



DAILY PRICE OF STOCKS. 

Fnm July as, lo/lug, 16, 1830, ioU indumt. 



I eI 1^- s-lj 



Am 



91J 



.sjlsa} 

Ri 93 1 



|91l90i 



goji 99] 1 

90i,99l 9911 • 



00 looj >o&i 

99jil00i i 106 I 
BbI S9i |I04i: 



-■lOOiilOOj i 



,91* il- 

:9ii i- 

91* jl , 

9' J *; — 

es'i i; 

isii iiooi 

Isil iiooij 



i laoi 1 , . 

oojiaaj 4ia4f igj 

oojioui iii>5i; i9i 

OOjlOO} J 105 191 

ooiiool I — r-' loj 

00} 100 j 106 I I9j 



>9i |a«7: 

i9i| 8; 

19j 8- 

isjia? 75 7' 

i9ij!aei7S7; 

'9*—- S 
|9iM8j83 8' 

igiijaaijsa a; 



6 78 pm. 

7 78 pm. 



100| 100 

"1- 



)5ll 19jli10 



9l9li SlMl* ) 100iLOOJ;LOOi i 106i IStJ 

— 98 bij I looS Lool i: 

9i,9n U91i i;- tool lOOj i 



Soiilh Su Stock, Julj 89, 104 jj Juljr 30, 103(| Aug. S, 103i. 
'. OldSnttSMAu. Aug. II, 9Hi Aug.l4, «<). 

J. i. ABNULC, Stock Brokar, Buk-bniMiag*, CarahUI. 
UuBrauAiUMOH, GooBMOtiU 



t. t.'ifKim.9'imi m», tt, i 



■ii.tunvT-VTMn. 



ChJTla X. md hit Family. 



Lage, Biul apptati somcwhai weakened, 



after ihe greai aaxietics and fa- 

iguet he ha* so rec«nt1jr undergone. 

e is * character of miliJ graceCul- 

aUout hi* countenance, lingeJ 

■(rilb a. cost of melancholy. The Duke 
if Angoulemc, hi* eldest ion. who is 
lA y«tn of age, i* much ihorier than 
'i filher, anil displays in hisappear- 
e liule firmncM or marillness. He 
early as old as his father. The 
hike of Bordeaux, who wat ten years 
ion ihe B3d of Sept. -s a very fine 
A tmernlinf!: child ; he is tall for his 
!, and poHCs&ei an intelligent conn- 



slept 



The Princesses and the re 
t the LatidoD Inn at Pool 
7 ntghl, Aug. 23, and the following 
!■* proceeded lo Lulwonh. 
The fallowing is a lilt of the per- 
is who accompanied the royal suite; 
fwith the stalions ihey res|iectively 

I The ex-King :— iheDuke of Loxem- 
Ebnvg, Capiain of the LiTe Cuaitl ; 
LConul O'Kcgeny, Master of the Horse j 
k^E Baron Kin^izenger, secretary; Ur. 



-Ihe 



themielve* with shoaling excursion*, 
having taken out the proper certiticales. 
When ChirUi X. was restdent at 
Ediiibtirgh, lie was in the habit of cor- 
responding with the illusitloui Prince 
ofCond^, father of the Uake of Bour- 
bon, whose memoir we hategiren in 
our obituary. In a letter now befort 
ue, written Nov. Eg, 179O, Chsrlei 
thus p[DUtll;r 3d verts tolheUuhed'Bn- 
ghicn, as being the hopes of the Bour- 

" it juioi ici Dw ietlro, qua je voiu pile 
iv me rematirs de DIB pu-t lu ducd'Eayhiaii. 
Je Di Ini parie que da moo amiti^; mais 
c'eit le HoL, c'est U Fruica entj^re, que jc 
fitlicite da ca qu'il «■!, r( da ce qo'il soib un 
jour, en luiviuii U gluriauH route qua (oa* 
lui arts tmcifr." 

Charles then adterti to his own son, 
the Dnke d'Angouleme, and thus ih>- 
lices tiis youthful propensities and in- 
tended punuits : 

" II fiut que Ja Toui parie d'un ub)at qui 

conduit <n Juh garqoa, tt qu'il a du goOC 
pout le> mupa ie fuiii. Ceil toujoun bon 



I, accompanying 



1^ of St. 
, ^ adv; I 
I Sl Preuve, waiting lady ; Chev. 
^Hif ertf. Master of the Horse. 

The Dncltc** of Beiri :— Count de 
tibnard. Master of the Horse ) Count 
" I Brinac, Major Dorao ; Count and 
■antes* de Charetle, friends ; Coun- 
nde Bouillie. accompanying lady. 
k The Duke of Bordeaux :— General 
1>ton de Oamat, governor ; M. de 
~wban«oi«, under do. ; Count de 
inn*, do.; Alfred de Dainas, aide- 
I ; M. de Buranie, professor ; 
__ . sVilUle, aide-de-camp. 
I The Princess MariaThcresB Louisa J 
DucheudeGoutaud, governess ; M. 
pTachcili teacher. 
L Bciide* many inferior attend- 

t^The period for which iheei- 
riRmilywillrcmoinatLul- 
- tie.ofCveninEng!and. 
bquileuncertain. Charleskeepi 
Uoiaelf tnuch secluded, and seldom ven- 
iBKt bi^ond the precincts of the pirk. 
The prrservesarB in good order, and af- 
fonl the party much sport. He and the 
DuliG ofAitguulemc frcijuenily amuse 



u ijiie ja Di'adteue ivac coufiaaee, 1 
couiin, pour quo rout employlaz t( 
r auturJt^ de g^dnl, «ft lout* celle, que 




The followinft lellcrf, dated War- 
saw, April 9, 181H, were written by 
the Diikc and Duchrs) of Angoulemc 
to the Prince de Cond^, when resident 
at Wiiniicatl Howie. T!\«^ 






<c. 




^»— .*. - •«- ■ '?<%«••« ni« a^ .1:11 ^S^ 





IBM.] 



Thru Kingi of Cologne.— MtlfirrH Chmrh. 



SiiBblfc.' 1 



n Long Mclford Church in 
. tcpreseiithig ihe oflcring of 
Ulc wise men. Thiii IcLter wng pub- 
liihttt. accompanied by a very eoirect 
icpmenistion oF the tabUi, drawn bv 
J. Carter, F.S.A. 

The three king* in this very ancient 
Kulpliire MdClly answer ihe descrip- 
tion of ihem given hy the venerable 
Bide. Melchior (King of Arabia) 
liaring presemcil ihe apple of gold, 
which the InTant Jesus Holds in hii 
hdod, he if in the act of presenting 
with his leTi hand the 30 gih pence, in 
fomeihine like an <irn, and wiih his 
right hnnd he is taking □H' his crown. 
Rahhazar (King of Saba) is followiog 
wiih a box of mjrrh. and Caspar 
(King of Egypt) ii yoiini;, and has no 
beard ; he " the last, and has a jar of 
frankinoense. The pillow of the Vir- 
gin is supponrd by a female, and at the 
foot of Ihe CDucIi Joseph is silling in a 

I am happy to say that this relic is 
still well preserved rii Mclford Church ; 
ii ii inserlcd in the wall of the nordi 
aiile belonging lu Kent well Hall, 
which was tor centuries the residence 
uf ihe ancient family of Cioplon*. I 
find in the churchwaidcns' occounis 
ihe fnllnwing ilenis (with a greal num- 
ber of oihcr curious entries) I and it ia 
probnhlc that this tablet is there al- 
itulcd U>. 
"Tbr> IP* tlw rpekeentg mtda bf Wjil'm 
. D)k( & WtlI'm Mircliilt, Churohenrdcfl) 
fro (he fal uf MUt JoIid l»ptjit Id ll» 
frnt jar* nf [he rtjgn of Kjp)! Edwsrd iha 
'"' - -' ondiy ift' Sent Lcwkalo lbs 



h ialMhyLari of ihe t<i»iM of Mclfon!, u 
•til of tha gat takjn do>m hy tbo Kjngs 
t & Tjiytori u in ihe Kyoga 



lyel* doth appare and other plaee*. as of 
t^ other guoda bcloD^yna unto Malford 

"■—■--■- - -.uddjt'eJ. 



ol AIcbMt* for 1 

" Ii— Sold to M. aopton (he Alt', of 

AlcbaaC in owi Ud>a Cliapell, vi<. viii''. 

" Alt' left* BDlQ Mut' Cloptaa ij •tunj'a 

d of (he All'. In Mut' Cloptool 

t».irAr Tabyll ofAiUlaUcr In tht aijd 

*,& ■ tyMllTakyll In Seat Annyi Cliso- 

1, ft all tha nre thttiD in dr'i ap tlia 

■all & dytehargs the CharchewatcleD*, 




ffiven great olTence in this nei^hhour- 
lood, and a rebellion actually broke 
oul in conse<(iience in Notfnlk and 
SuiTolk ; an cDgagement look pince 
near Lynn, in which several pennns 

In J5()S, I find ihe following en- 
tries in the Mclford Black Book { Ihe 
Church leijuiring lo be again cleansed 
nAer the rtign of Mary. 

" lum.— Payde to Prime foriha icruiing 
0*1 of tht pay'lincei all t* leni'lhs of tha 
Quir., X'. »H. 

•■ Item.— Pay<)ii far the Injunceioni, llll->. 

" Item.— For ii bakes of mayet and of 
futing that wfre latlye aet furch, viii''." 

In I57S the work of spoliation was 
again pursued. 

'■ Item.— P' to FiyetntQ tha Gluytr of 
Sudburye fiir defaoynge of tlia eanienee and 
InMgerjeintheglaiiBWyhdonas, ii'." 

The parishioners niust cither have 
been »c[y unwilling to obey the in- 
junctions, or ihe workmen emplnyed 
■' to deface " had not done their duly, 
as a mosi valuable collection of painted 
gliu remains to this day. The " scrap- 
ing owt'' the paintings had been well 
done in the quire, eicepi one near the 
communinn-labtc; but in ihe body of 
the church ihcv had only been while- 
washed ovtj. The whitewash, which 
had been accumulaiing ever since, was 
carefully scraped off ibis summer, and 
Ihe old painlingi were perceptible. 
Over each pillar was represented an 
angel or saint, standing on a pedestal, 
with several labels of rellgioua Laliu 
sentences issuing from their mauihs. 
They were too much defaced lo be 

"This beautiful Church* had been 
ornauicnied with a running border of 
vine leaves and grapes, painted wilh 
red ochre, round the windows, which 
does not accord wiih our ideas of ibo 
richness and elciiOnce of the large 
churches before the reformation. 
Yours. &c. R. Almack. 

•,• The Chuich of Long Milford h 
well illustrated in Vol. II. of Ncale's 
Views of Churches, by aii beautiful 
pl.-it«. Mr. Ncale has given a good 
accountof the Church J which he was 
enabled to dri by the kindness of Rer. 
W. T. Spurdcns, who communicated . 
some Inlercsling MS-col!ections. Tl\t 
lint is B niinutt; accounl ot l,\ieOvvttc\\ 



9M 



Anettni CeremwMi ai Mtlford Cfmrdi, SmfiJk. 



[Sept. 



and beantiful painted ^lats, written bj 
a former rector in 1688; and the se- 
cond it a curioat MS. bv Roger Mar* 
ttn» etq. written about tlie time of the 
Reformation, giving so many interest- 
ing particulars of the religious ceremo- 
nies obsenred at thb Church, that we 
are induced to append it fo our oorren 
pondent*s letter.— -Edit. 

« The state of Melferd Chsreh and oar 
LMlio's Chappti at the East end, at I did 
know it. 

« Memorand, — At the back of the High 
Akar, in (he taid Church, there was a good- 
\j mouoty nude of one great tree, and set 
up to the foot of the window there, oanred 
very artificiallj with The Story rf Chrisi*t 
Passwrif repretentiug the horsemen with 
their twordi, and the footmen, &c. at they 
used Christ on the Meant of Celfary, all 
hebg &ir gih, and IhreW and beaatiftilly tet 
forth. To cover and keep oleaii all the 
whichf there were very fair and painted 
boards, aaade to thut to, which were opened 
upon high and solemn Feaat Days, which 
then was a very beaatiful shew{ which 
pabted boards were set np again in Queen 
Mary's time. At the north end of the same 
altar, there was a goodiv tilt tabemaele, 
reaching np to the roof or the ChanodI, hi 
the which there was one &ir large gilt 
iiMge of The Holy TrinUyf being patron of 
the Church, besides other fiur imsgee. The 
like tabemscle was at the south end. 

*< There was also in my lie, called Jesus 
lb, at the back of the Altar, a table with a 
crucifix on it, with the two thieves hanging, 
on every side one, which is in my houie de- 
cayed, and the same I hope my heiret will 
repaire and restore again, one day. Tliere 
was also two fair gilt tabernacles, firom the 
ground up to the roofe, with a fiiir Image qf 
Jesuit in the tabernacle, at the north end of 
the altar, holding a round bawie in bb hand, 
sianifying, I think, that he oontaineth the 
whole round world % and, in the tabemaele, 
at the south end, there was a fair image of 
oar Blessed Lady having the afflicted body 
of her dear Son, as he was taken down, off 
the cross, lying along in her laop, the tears, 
as it were, running down pittinilly upon her 
beautiful cheeks, as it seemed, bedewing the 
said sweet body of her son, and therefore 
named The Image rf our Lady of Pity. 

** Afemorand.— There was a fitir Rood Loft, 
with the Rood, Mary and John, of every 
side, and with a fair pair of organs standing 
thereby ; which loft extended all the breadth 
of the Church, and on Good Friday, a 
Priest, then standing by the Rood, sang the 
Patsion» The side thereof, towards the oody 
of the church, in twelve partitions in boards, 
wu fiur painted with the images of the 
ijpvJra Aj)ostles. 

'^ All the roof of the Church was beauti- 
^ with fkir gi/i etars. Finally, io the vcs- 
> where there were muij rich copes and' 



saites of vastowBtSy thaie was a nur ftbmm, 
with frir laiga doors to shut to, whersin 
there were made devises to hasff on all the 
copes, without fblding or fhunphng of them, 
with a oonvaniaat disianca, the one firom the 
other. 

*' In the Quire was a fiur planted firama of 
timber, to be set up about Manndav Thurs- 
day, with holes for a aomber of fiur tapers 
to stand in before the sepulchre, and to be 
lighted in servioa time. Sometimes it was 
set overthwart the Quire before the Altar, 
the sepulchre being sJwaiee placed, aad finely 
gareisliad, at the north and of the High 
Altar I between that aad Mr. Cloptou's lit* 
tie ehappal there, in a vacant place of the 
wall, I think upon a tomb of one of his 
a nc est o r s, the said firaase with the tapers 
was set nasr the steps gomg up to the said 
Altar. Lastly, it was lued to be set up, all 
along by Mr. Gopton's lie, with a door, 
made to go out of the rood luft bto it. 

*• Upon Palm Sunday the Blessed Sacra- 
asaat was osrryed in procession about the 
ehurefayard, uader a nir canopy, borne by 
four yeomen; the procession coming to the 
church gate, went westward, and they with 
the Blessed Saersmant went eastward ; and 
when the proaession cama againat the door 
of Mr. Goptea's lie, they with the Blessed 
Saerament, aad with a little bell and singing, 
approaahad at the eaK end of our Ladie s 
Chappell, at wbioli tin&e a boy with a thing 
in his hand pointed to it, sicni^ing a pro- 
phet» as I think, sang, standing on the tyr- 
rst» that is, on the said Mr. Clapton's ile 
doore, Ecee Rex futir, vent/, ilfe, ; and then 
all did kneel down, and then, rising up, 
waul aad mat the saorameat, and so then, 
want siagiag together, iato the church, aad 
cootina near the porch, a boy, or one of 
the cUrka, did oast over among the boys 
flowers, and slngiag oakes, &o. 

*• On Corpus Christ! day, they went like- 
wise with the Blessed Saerament in proces- 
sion about the eburoh green in copes, and I 
think alsop they went in prooession, on St. 
Mark's day, about the said green, with 
haadbells ringing before them, as they did 
about the bounds of the town, in Roeitlon 
week, on the Monday one way, on the Tues- 
day another way, and on the Wednesday 
another, praying for rain or fiur weather, 
as the time re<|uired, haviag a drinking and 
a dinner there, upon Munday, being fiut 
day ; and Teusday, being a fish day, they 
had a breakfast with butter and cheese, Sec. 
at the Parsonage, aad a drinking at Mr. 
Gopton's by Kentwell, at his manor of Lu- 
tons, near the pond in the Park, where 
there was a Uttle chappel, I think of St. 
Anne, fi»r that was their longest perambula- 
cion. Upon Wedneeday, being usting day, 
they had a drinking at Melford Hall. All the 
Quire dined there, Uiree times in the year at 
least, viz. St. Stephen's Day, Midleat Sun- 
day, aad 1 ^VuVl u^qu EaaXcf Monday. 

** On bv. Osmesis I>a^» \\%»\avBS^%'a»^ 



then bj aotc, uid tlis orgini going m Si. 
JuDM • ch(pp«t> which ■«[• Wouglit into 
tB} hoinf iiiih tlic clnekiiHl MltihMitoad 
lliara. aDil iha orgui vhich itoDil upoo the 
Kwd loft, ihst wu then ■ litlla TrDni the 
roodt which chftppcl hwl been maiDtaiaed bjr 
Bjuicntarti ind theiefore I will, that my 
(, whni linw lene, ihiH repiir, plue 
, and raaiBtain all thne ihian agaia. 



ra in the Church, wl 
m li* Jnho King's [pni», 
Tilliun CDtdetl'i Uyliff, abi.< 
d there «aa paled in, round 

vice of the green, 



chad 



Tor 



" Mimoraad. — Oa St. Jimei't £>en their 
a lub of ale, aud brcij, 
poor, and before taj 
• tb«e were idmb three otbcr bone- 
in Midiuninier Bran, on the Eien 
t St. Peter and Paul, when they had the 
rinkinn, and on St. Thomai'i Eten, 
B which if it ftll DOE on the liah <taj, they 
ig pLe. of MutloB, and peaie- 
; npoD boardi with the aFbre- 
d qoaotity of bread and tie-, and in ali 
le brui£ru, lome of the friends and more 
■<s called in, and ut 
ll the board, with mj gnuidfatLar, who hul 
; of the bonefirei, nax tapon, 
ran, yellow and green, act up, 
U the breadth of the ball, lighted then and 
niog there, before the imaga of £t.JiiAn 
" "'* and afler they were put out, a 
t wu iichte:! and let in the 
It of th* laid ball, upon the paieiDcnl, 
™g all Bight. 

-\\u waa Iranicribed by Mr. Johnatban 
, b» my order, cot of certain papan 
n by, and beloDciox to Mr. RsKer 
, of Melford, 



' a the lar^e I 
ISlhAprir, II 



«ital from a fricn'l ' 
! inierMling rema 




Sept. 1 



ITH reference I 
your laM number, of itie disc 
made among the loini rif Ion 



■ho hoi 



itab1« 10 ihc proprirtois of it 

lo alluw lliem to remain 

lisle, for DumiafTiiige < 

catilet and religious houtei 



"Nexl inociiinf; viailed StalTa, r: 

'**4it>|5e*cn»DlerjoriHiii(t''>"'S'> '"r 

r.-m.^^ _ ]g etueat tud impotjag a 



peel of tuins, but is venerable, and a 
peciiliariij in iheMyle of the aepulchrat 
inonuiiieiits very siriking. The whole 
ii in a Male of (he most disgui ling nee- 
lee), filth and degrndaiion. ... 1 am 
periuaded curioui diKmertes are lo be 
made bj excarations, and laying open 
what is at present concealed bj an aC' 
cumulation of rubbish and dung from 
the caiile irhich are penned in Uie 
cbip«ls and aitle», &c. Something 
was laid in a newspaper lately about 
Rie Wilson having exc*T*ted, but it 
must have been lo a rrry trifling ex- 
tent. Under a lar;tc slab, we were 
told, lay the KinetoT Scotland ; nnder 
another, those of Norway ; and under 
a third ihoie of Ireland ; no other RM- 
numeiit indicated iheir places of tc- 
puiiure." 

If lliit ii worthy of a place in your 
pages, it may be the means of drawina 



buildinp. 



. the > 

celebrai 



r of ihlS 



and n 



a Logan. 

AK, Shrewibury, Sfpl. 13. 
vol. Lxxx. part ii. p. 3Qi, 
yoii gave a view and deacrlplion of 
i"e far-famed Shelion Oah, which tra- 
dition says Owen Glendwr ascended 
10 reconnoitre, al the battle of Shrewi- 
bury, and from whence he precipitately 
retreated to Oswestry, and from thence 



Mr. Uri 
TN your 
-■. voiiga 



sad 



"ifS 



in, Esq. 
tabled to send you the followii 



INSCRIPTION FOR SHELTON OAK: 

Traditioa tayi (and why not tmtc Tradition 

When maoy a bauat breathn hallaw'd by 

h«.™pg?) [.and men, 

From tbii great Oak .back' d with twelia thou- 



OWodwr, the »i»e, the bonotiful, the brave, 
Beheld youai! Percy fall ; and cniKjnaat crown 
Tb« perjur'd'Bollng broke. " Bright ymitH ! 
Iha cried 1 []m( 

Thy apur ii coU. Oae thoogbtleii aet haih 
AnEmpire't tide. Mactiwhat die greaihaie 
ThebaiterpartufTaloiuiidiicretiiia. [awd. 
Fur lafr on prude«ceB»»ry goodaiiendi." 

TiBCe, viiitur, the lal», ai beati th^ vam, 
rtadin colj-heactcd Hiatal^' aWmB\^iiBC&k. 
Ot EBilanded slt^i \von»l«-1 ftoweti. 

Frl'.i. IB30. J.lf.M..Tlo'"a*io 



[ f06 ] 



[Sept 



CLASSICAL LITERATURE. 



Bp. Movk*8 Life of Dr. Bentlby. 

{Continuedfrxm p, 184.) 
Wiih a Pariraii of Dr. Bentley. 

BEING diicontented with the reve- 
nues of hit tituatioDf as derived 
from the tithes of some rectories, the 
new Professor resolved to take the ^reat 
tithes tn kind, and to let the small tithes 
to his bailiff. His tithe wheat and 
barley were conveyed by barges to two 
out-houses converted into granaries at 
the back of the lodge; and, in the 
course of the next two years, the greater 
part of the articles were sold to the 
College for the bakehouse and brewery. 
And as the highest prices were paid for 
them, though more or less damaged, it 
occasioned an outcry against the Pro- 
fessor, not only on the score of rapa- 
city, but of meanness, in exercising the 
trades of farmer and maltster. These, 
and other more disgraceful, though 
unproved charges, were very deroga^ 
tory to his reputation, as subjecting 
him to imputations alike disgraceful to 
one in his dignified station. 

In 1717 George I. yisited the Uni- 
Tcrsity, when several new Doctors 
were to be created by Royal mandate. 
From each of these the Professor de- 
manded a fee of four guineas, in addi- 
tion to a^broad piece, the regular compli- 
ment on creation. The greater part pro- 
tested against this demand, as unreason- 
able. After much altercation, Bentley 
refused to create any one who would not 
acquiesce in his requisition. Conyers 
Middleton was among the number of 
those who refused payment. But he 
and some others at length agreed to 
^y the fee, taking a promise from 
Bentley that be would return it, if his 
claim thereto was proved to be uo* 
founded. The rest Bentley createc^ 




Toured to have his claim confirmed by 
the interference of the Court ; but the 
Minister of State declined to inter- 
meddle in a matter of so invidious and 
personal a nature. At this rebuff Bent- 
ley was so chagrined, that he laid aside 
the THrd part of his remarks on Free- 
ihiaking, which be had then even com- 



menced printing. Meanwhile Dr. Mid- 
dleton, nearing no tidings of his four 
guineas, applied to the Professor for it to 
be refunded. But no regard being paid 
to his applications, he sued forthesum as 
a debt, in the Vice-Chancellor's Court. 
The Vice-Chancellor held many con- 
ferences with the Professor, assuring 
him that if the matter were 10 come 
into his Court, he must decide it a- 
gainst him. Bentley, however, pertina- 
ciously persisted in carrying on a contest 
from which neither credit nor advan* 
tage could ensue, and in which he 
would receive no countenance from his 
brother Heads, with whom, indeed, be 
was unpopular. At length the Vice- 
Chancellor issued a writ for arresting 
the Professor, which was served by 
one of the Esquire bedell% who being 
ill-treated and kept in durance by be- 
ing locked up in an empty room for 
several hours, the Vice-Chancellor and 
Heads resolved to resent this insult to 
the University in the person of its of- 
ficer. And upon Bentley*s refusing to 
ask pardon for his contempt of Courts 
the Vice-Chancellor proceeded to pub- 
licly and solemnly declare '* Ricnard 
Bentley suspended ab omni gradu sus' 
cepio,** a sentence confirmed by a ^reat 
majority of the senate. Nay, the Vice- 
Chancellor proceeded to prohibit him 
from acting as Professor, and even 
threatened to declare the Professorship 
vacant; but did not dare to execute 
his threat. Upon this our undoctored 
Professor petitioned the King against 
the University; and the Vice-Chan- 
cellor laid a representation of the pro- 
ceedings before the King in council. 
A number of pamphlets, all anony- 
mous, were now put forth for and 
against Bentley, which caused a sen- 
sation in the public mind almost un- 
precedented. This literary contest took 
place at the end of 17 18 and the be- 

S'nnlng of 1719* and the feud among 
e Heads descended to the juniors and 
even under-graduates of the Univer- 
sity. And now the Fellows of Trinity 
renewed their exertions to procure a 
hearing for their petition, which was 
read in council and favourably receiv- 
ed. Whereupon Bentley, with great 
dexterity, contrived to bring about a 



^ .4 « 



t * « 



e o 4 







KICHARD BENTLET, D.D. 
Bam,JanJ7.IS6Z^ — Died July 14.17^2. 



Bp. Monks Lift of Dt. Benlley. 



Irtat^ of pnciticiitian with Miller and 

the Senior), ihe foiiiier of whom baiely 

hcUtiynl the inleieiu of lii> cnniliiu- 

^tt. V(l two of th« moBi iofluenlial 

r-that bocJy, Dr. Colbiicli anil ano- 

" ilill pressed the conaiileration of 

ite ofTriiiily College on the Bi- 

Hp of Ely, who refused lo interfere. 

milcjp, hpu-erer, tdll continued his 

"—tic proccedingi, and aimed at 

ngatlpawerlo iiin)9elf,and con- 

g all College oilicea oi livings at 

wn will; (hougli he wai occa- 

Dslly reiiiicd with lucceis. 

KAuempti were now made (but in 

■iti) by application lo Ihe Court or 

Bne'i Bench, lo deprive Beatley or 

V ProfeMorslirp. Tile dcmandi mario 

( Brnilejr'i time by the duiiei of hii 

*" ofiice, and the extiaordinaiy 

: oi ci'enli which ensued, wiQ 

Dt for hia suinendinK the great 

taking oE hiiGieek'Tcitamtnl; 

Migh lie ilili hepl it in view, and had 

IchvaliinbleassiiiancefroiiiWctstein, 

d Dr. Walker of Trinity, as also the 

rued Beneiiiciinea of St. Mour, wlio 

^ wd ihcir -Soeiely by so 

Hoy splendid and. useful EcclesiBsii- 

■ publications. The Propoials, how- 

', for his Greek Teitaaieni were at 

it fodh ; but being drawn up 

iKDUcbltasleand precipitation, some 

Mk poiola were laid open, of which 

IfaaUBC'Wat taken bv Middleioit, 

PIO BiMe a ru:ious Maok oo the Pmi- 

Hctai, wriiien in ihie mesi capiiousand 

uligDROt iplrii, and particularly dis- 



KlMcel 
■ Mnae 



against biaoi 



»hein 



IKri' 



ind knowledge, «ul, of hatred loBrnt- 
ley. The Profcuor tttniied, hut in lO 
(iolenland abusive spirit, at could only 
injure his cauae, and disgrace his c!ia< 
tacier, aa holding the mod <li)(iiliicd 
olBcc in the University- 
drew forth from Middlelon yet 
aitimad versions on the protra- 
in which (ob>er«ct Dr. Monk] 
■howshimtelfn perfect coniroifr- 
auiial, and though every sentence ia 
iiiflueDced by hatred of his aiUagonlsi, 
he veils hia spirit with the dress of 
iBBTning and argumenl. Every thing 
is diapoacd in llie most locid order; 
*' • la a beaulifu! style, acute reason- 
cxiduive learning, and all the uc- 
ipliahineDti of a coairovenialiit : 
m Tain do we look for ihc candour 
'• fail adrenary, whose abject is the 
"tblUhtncDt of truth," it'w, hove- 




ever, conlinuea Dr. M., only one of [he 
vnlgar erroTs r«i>ecling Bcolley'i his- 
tory lo suppose that lie gave up bis edi- 
tion of the New Tcatameni in conec- 
quenec of Middleion'a attacks, It was, 
he shows, from olhrr causes, and espe* 
cially ihe refusal of the government to 
grant permission lo imfori the paper 
duty-free ; and he save il up frnm the 
tame causes which influenced blm lo 
abandon ibe Third part of his Remarks 
on Free- thinking. 

Middleton, however, had no great 
extill, »ince being pro 
* -lislast 



for a libel o 



s last work. 



Bcnilcy in t 
ind being round euilly, he was obliged 
10 beg paidoii nf ihe Professor, and pay 
the costs of suit. Oor Critic was now at- 
licked in his Horace by Cunningham. 
who bad tent forlh 8 rival Edition. But 
whatever may be the abiliiy displayed 
in'hij leroarks on Beniley'a emenda- 
tions and notes, he owes ihe preserva- 
tion of hit name to the iranscenilcnt 
sepuiation of him whose fume he so 
laboored lo disparage. In 1722 Bent- 
ley, ai the rci)ue«l of Dr. MtMid, made 
a voniplelc icvilion of ihe Theriaca of 
Nicaiider for Dr. Mead. The volume 
found its way inln the British Museum, 
and ihe emendations were transcribed 

the Court of King's Uench lo procure 
resiuraiion to his degrees, and afier hav- 



:n|, by, com 
qnislied al law his great advrrsaries, 
M iddleion. and Colbatch, the leader of 
the.mBreonientsalTtimlv, he catrieil 
forwardhiscaujeaaainsltne University 
ftrhavipgntijostl/degraded liini. The 
Jiul^ decbrcd ineir opinions agiiiiiat 
the Oniviirlity, and a percinptnay man- 
damui was issued lo lesime Bemley to 
Ills degrees, which WJS (however unpa- 
latable 10 hi] nUersarien] publicly per- 
formed tr^ihe Universily. Dr. Middle- 
ton now renewed his action for ihe re- 
covery of ihe fourguineas, and succeed- 
ed 1 a iniitl consolation for the sacri- 
fices and losses he had encountered lo 
mill hia enemy. Even Dr. Bentley, 
ihougli suceesslul, and throwing on his 
adteiaaries the greater pan of the costs, 
found that his eupcnsei in ihese conti- 
nual suits had so much rxhau'.ied hia 
finances as lo diminish ihe gratification 
of his triumph. An nlTcr was now 
made him of ihe Bishopric of Bristol, 
which however he declined-, a^i ovv 
being asked what iV was \ie ««^tvt4. 



910 



Clusicai. LinuTvai. 



{Sept. 



heaiitw«red/'«oiBethtng which thoiild 
itndar il uateocsatry for him to setk 
t change.'* 

. Our Critic oow lent forth his elabo« 
Tate Dissertation on the Metres of Te« 
lence, together with an Edition of tliat 
writer, and also one of Pbsedras ; on 
which Dr. Monk has some jodiciom 
remarks, in illustration of the orkin and 
progreu of the controversy of &ntley 
witn Bp» Hare on the metres of Te- 
rence. With an ardour seldom found 
even in the voung, our veteran Critic 
now applied himself to an Edition of 
Lncau's Pharsalia. His Notes, how- 
ever, from the proposed Edition clash- 
ing with two other rival ones then pre- 
paring bv Cortlns and Oudendorp, did 
Sot see the lisht till fourteen years afler 
it death, when they were printed at 
the Strawberry Hill Press. 

Our illustrious Aristarchos so retain- 
ed the vis vivida animi, that he now, at 
6ft, proposed to give new editions of 
Manilius and Homer (the former of 
which was some yean after published) 
and had not yet abandoned his design 
%o edit the Greek Testament As to 
the afiaira of Trinity College, all the 
Master*! wiihea and projects were now 
tarried without obstruction; though 
tome of them were objectionable, and 
•avoured of oppression and selfishness : 
insomuch that in 17S7 fresh attempts 
were made to procure a visitation of 
Trinity College, and the Bp. of Ely 
was prevailed on to undertake the visi« 
lation, if it should be found that he 
had the pro|>er jurisdiction. In 17S0 
George II. visited the University, and 
wai entertained by Dr. Bentley at Tri- 
nity Lodge. In consequence of hit 
faugue on this occasion, the Doctor 
was attacked with a dangerous illness; 
but medical skill, or the goodness of 
his constitution, soon recovered him. 
Meanwhile the scheme for ejecting the 
Master was still carried forward. But 
BentlejT anticipated bis prosecutors by 
a Petition to nis Majesty. The prose- 
cutors drew up counter petitions, and 
the Bishop sent one to have the rights 
of his See examined, and cited Bent- 
ley to appear before him. The Mas- 
ter applied to the King's Bench for 
a prohibition. And now (in 1730) 
Bentley had an oflFer of the Deanery of 
Lincoln, which he refused, as thmk- 
ing it not an equivalent for the sacri- 
fice of his Academical emoluments. 
Jn the year 1731 the Court pronounced 
tAat the Bishop of Ely was general 



Visitor of tho CoUegt, and that the 
Maater was thrown upon his retoureet 
to avert so imminent a danger. He 
sent a petition to the KinK, and brought 
his cause before the Privy Council. 
While awaitins for its determination, 
he engaged in the only unsuccessful of 
all his literary undertakings, his Edition 
of Milton's Paradise Lost. He was in- 
deed in many respects unqualified for 
the work, which proved a total failure, 
and did more lo sink his reputation than 
any of his prcccdioff woras had done 
to raise it. Still, as Dr. Monk truly ob- 
serves, " the work contains many just 
and aeosible remarks, and many acute 
pieces of criticism; and we cannot but 
often admit the justness of his strictures, 
and even the Fxiet himself might have 
proBted by many of the hint*.*' In 
1733 the case between Dr. Bentley 
and the Bp. of Ely was carried before 
the House of Lords, which reversed 
the judgment of the Court of Kine's 
Bench, and, aftar a subsequent conside- 
ration of the case in another Session, 
the Bishop received his Writ of per- 
mission to act aa Judge in the affairs 
of Triniw CJollege, aiKl hekl his first 
Court at Ely House, in June 1733. Dr. 
Bentley was then cited to appear in per- 
son, but be only attended by Proc- 
tor. In ten days after, the Master sent 
in hit Defensive Plea, in which the 
charges were ingeniously evaded, and 
the transactions placed in quite ano- 
ther light, thottgn the defence is cer- 
tainly not satisfactory. The evidence 
for the prosecution and that for the 
defence were each taken at great 
length. And now, on the S7th April, 
1734, die Court being assembled 
to deliver a final judgment upon the 
cause, the Biahop formally pronounced 
Dr. Bentley guilty of the cnar^ laid 
against him, and sentenced him to be 
deprived of the Mastership of Trinity 
College. Undaunted even at this, Dr. 
B. determined to take his stand behind 
the last entrenchment, and resist the 
execution of the sentence. Findine 
that theaenience would not be valid till 

Eut in execution by the Vice-Master, 
e first prevailed upon the then Vice- 
Master to suspend the execution till he 
had taken legal advice how to proceed, 
and then contrived to induce him to 
resign, and procured another to be ap- 
pointed who was firmly in the Master's 
interest, and utterly refusing to carry the 
sentence into execution, set the Bishop 
at defiance ; whoy aa a Dissolution of 



H80.3 



Bp. fffmk't Life' of Dr. Bmtlty. 



PuliiiB«nl bad joit lakvn place, could 
nol apply lo the Houac or Lords for 
tupport. A compromise wai now 
•ff(GW4 between Bcnllcy and tiii pro- 
lecotorii 3n4 when ai Icngili a man- 
damus wii pcocuted by ihe Bishop lo 
enable bim to enfuice the execuiioii of 
the wnlencc, hf died belore he had 
bten able to lue it) and thus finally 
lerniinitdl the lone ttruggles to pio- 
cure Beuiley'a (xpuiiion. In waidiiig 
off *II itiete various attacks, BeniUy 
ihovrcd more dexteiily and ability, 
than strict rcsard to rectitude or the 
ptgprieties of hia dignified tiailoni and 
though alvraji luccessrul in hii luiia 
at law, yet no «ap?ndtd upon ihein 
■oeh hirge sums as pieven^ted hint 
from laying up for hu family what 
would hafe raised them tn compe- 
tency, if not opulence. The College, 
too, of whose funds he had, in ilie 
mainienance of these lutl!, generally 
eouTtited to avail himself, was brought 
10 extreme disiru9. HJs College btoils, 
however, were now over, and a few 
calra yean of preen old age remained, 
which were ren ' 
■dvinccd ye 






age remai 
s Hltle irki 



domesti 

iliachment of a faitlirul band 

I who had never deterted his 

fununes when in their most desperate 

ilate. A contiderable period of his 

declining years was occupied iu pre- 

— - a new Edition of Homer's 

The principal object of which 

. .) reform the versification, of 

lich the harmony wat spoiled by 

TOwels Slid other metrical defects. 

retloration was to be effected by 

■id of MSS. and quoutions, and es- 

nltybytheintroductronofthc^o/ic 

la, an instructive account of 

I given by Ur. Monl(. Bent- 

.lie First to discover its uie by 

and was by its use enabled to 

innumerable hiatuses, and to 

itoTB the true orthography of many 

-rdi. Bul.alas! our Anstarchuswas 

rented bj a paralytic stroke from ac- 

nplithing hii design, aAei having 

vlueD Nolei only on the six lim 

imIu of the Iliad. Theie were, by the 

Kralily of Trinity College, placed in 

t haod* of Prufetsor Heyne, and 

_ _ a great ornament to hii valu- 

iBIe edition. The latter ^eari of Bent- 
ley were somewhat embittered by the 
KrM) and unmanly attacks of Pope and 
nil part^, wbote hoitility to Bcntiey 



sn 

had been undeviating and unappeasable, 
and who thought they had now chosen 
the time to kick the worn-out Lion of 
Criticism. For the enmity of Pope 
iBneexcuse may be found ( but none lor 
that of WsrbuTion, who coalU not be 
unaware of BeDiley's exlraordioary me- 
rit*. Bill mark the event — even-handed 
Justice ordained that he should bimMlf 
be as rudely attacked, ia a far greater 
deeayofhlsraculiiei.audwhen lie could 
make no reiisiance, by the caustic pen 
of the Author of the Declitie and Fall. 

And now our narrative has reached 
its last stage, and we have only to (*i- 
nud that the Prince of Critics departed 
this life, sftet a short but severe attack 
of pleurisy, which terminated fatally 
Ibr warn of bleeding (though the pa* 
tient bad himself suggested that it 
ought to be resorted to), in the 8ltl 
year of his age, July I4th, 17*2. He 
died bv no means wealthy, the most 
valuable bequest being that of his Li- 
brary and MSS., which came partly 
into the hands of Trinilj> College, and 
partly into those of the British Museum- 
Of his domestic life many interesliDg 
anecdotes are collected by our indefati- 
gable Biographer, which will be pccuts- 
arly interesting to academical readen. 

As to the perional eharacttr of Bent- 
ley, it was, we must confess, a some* 
wKat mixed one. It is humiliating lo 
lettered pride, but not unedifying, to 
reflect how imperfect an effect hii un- 
rivalled learning had in regulating hia 
passions, humaniiing his manners, and 
raising him above the temptations of 

Cride, vanity, and seltishriess. It must, 
owever, be admiiLcd, that there is no- 
thing in the nature of profoundly leaf ti- 
ed and Critical studies peculiarly ad- 
verse lu amiableneas of personal cha- 
racter ; and that, as in the cases of not 
a few illustrious individuals of out 
own age and couniiy, profound team- 
ing docs not necessarily produce Brra< 
gancB, vanity, dogmatism, and (uper- 
cilious contempt of others ; but is con- 
sistent wiih the highest urbanity and 
courtesy, — ihe culiivaiion of all moral 
virtues, and the acquirement of alt 
Christian graces. That Bentley, how- 
ever, possessed many amiable qualilie* 
cannot be doubted ; for how else couM 
he have attached to himself to many de- 
voted friends J He was indeed too (muI 
of money, but, though frugal, he was 
never penurious, — ihou^'n tvcnat ^w- 
sionale, he was nol iindtcvtve, »u\\ \m» 
implacable. To us, toieei, il. *¥V«*" 



t\i Ck*AStiOiA LftlKATUM. t^V^ 

Ftf tbif h« «ii ^ teMl to piMth ■• tworp, 8vo. Bvery woid In this poem 

Im own kiiora, in hit ova wiqrt Md aoeord* (coosiiting, with the femell pieces ta- 

kw to bU own ja4|m*nl, mom elMMo ni. nexed to it, of more than 300 lines). 

ft~«»fc'^"*%*^J*y^f~*>$**^ begins with the letter P. Itisasttire 

JSSuILd -IlS^^ ^ °T P*^ "^"f" "" ^t" ffotesqnc 

Pr. B. nupiDUd onTSt pefMiid«10 dt^ '^yl*' ." "JJ'** *? ^ •«"«*!» ?^^ ".* 

tead tU^iSoIo, and &\M0sa^oaal7 Slf^?'.^^*" for atjy intrinsivc merit. 

dbdMn«l toaopgt with ptnoot whodiMo* The ediiion priM^ with the Nug» 

foed M iUibml a dirtmat of hia. InilMd Venalei has a portrait of the suppo^d 

of a otitain aonnal liind» and a puUMatioa anthor, having a pig's bead with a pii- 

jHo artUrio, 'twas now propottd by Ld. T. grim*a hat, and also an engraving of 

through Dr. H.thssB.shoald havt so araeh the battle. The foUowiog address^ 



a shaat. B. njeetad the oiler with sMn i with a few lines ftwn the oommence- 

« I wondtr/ said ha to H. « yon thonld nient of the poem, will show the na- 

bring na soch a propoMl, who hova kaown im^ q£ |||^ work : 

asa so wall and so long : What i if I had no 

ftgard to their boaoor, and to my own» ** Potan t issinw 

would thtre be aav diffieulty in filling Fatrono 

ahsnta ! Till then, I'U hava nothing to do ForciaBonia 

with tham.' Naitber wonM ba wltb H., P.Poraios 

whom be knew to ba the s«aslcr of this Poeta 

sebame : but ' I choea,' said ba, < disninv nroaperitalem precator plurimam. 

«mici£tam, non dimfiiperc.* And this dis* Bsatiittani pobliee norol potamur ; prsstan- 

gnst was die tma cause of bis not going on tissinsa patrone, plaeuit poreorum pugnam 

with bb remarks on the Eieay of Frsetbink* poCasala pangera, potissime proponendo pe- 

lag : ' I see but little diffsrenae,'. said he» liaula pinguinm p wakt o wm : pngnant pigri- 

<Mtween those I deftnd, and those I op* Icr pasiUanimes prsilati propter pinguedinia 

pose.' It has been said, H. left a Plautas pondns, porro potentins poreelli paoca pro* 

isadv for the press. I do not think it j for aaritate perpoliti i proptensa pkoeat preooir 

H. nad too much pride to disavow bis pnarile po€ma perlegere poroonim poroellft- 

ahunsy operose method ; and too much sense mmque pugnam propositionibos piatam pat* 

to continue It. He hsd laboured on Pku- ribos^ pariprsepostere. 

tns, I believe, but bis labours will never sea Poffna 

the light. And/a«ttf jmctm. Vfe had a Poioonim 

report at Cambridge that, when Beotley saw pl«. 

Hare's EptMlola CriUea, be criadi <I can't p pg^cium 

tibink what the man would be at. Ha baa Poetam. 

more ill-natare. I mvsalf heard bun say» p«.-«ji*C «i.,JL5!L^: «u.!^:51 !^i 

ba could not read it throaeh. nor hnasinad ™8^»*«'» P'«™« PO'C' pmgoeduie pleni 

Di.Hi«:^pau7of wZ^^ ^^"s:.,^**"*' ^ ^ ^"^ 

And, indeed, noOiiag can be mote disgnsl- p.^£^ ^^ ^^ plerumquc plateas ^ 

ing at once and ridiculous, than to sea the p.-, «-*-irL.\w[««i*»J« »«!». nJ.iVn.<- . 

ssme man in bU Terence crybir up metrical ™ party tosa popnloma prsta profaoat ; 

C^ledge, a»d in^£^ &SK ^ ^ P^**^*^ P^" ' ^ P'«""* 

lass crying it down." PiisliSSpaaha paras, prostemefe parvos, 

^ Priano poreorum pntfecti pectore pkno. 

^ . . n Pistorum porci prostaat pin/roedine pukhri i 

On Macabohic Poitrt. P«gnantaspioh&entporaellSs,ponerVp«nas 

(Continued from page 124.) PkaMumuntpravis-.porropIebspessimapergit 

ANOTHER description of writing ^^^'^'^ P""«» P~^ profligare potentes." 
is generally included in the Ma- In the same collection (Nugse Ve- 

caronic class, although not strictly of nales) is a poem of nearly 100 lines, 

that deoomiDation.^ I mean those intitled, " Canum cum Uatis Certa- 

compositions wherein each word be- men carmine compositum curreote ca- 

gins with the same letter. Of these, lamo C. Catulli Caninii. -4iic/or est 

the best known is "Petri Porcii Henricus Hardenu." Here every word 

poets praestantissimi Pugna poreorum. begins with the letter C, and this also, 

Poema macaronicum, cujos carminis like the " Pugna, &c.*' haa a burlesque 

•'"P^ISh.^*'*? Jnciplunt per lilteram engraving of the battle. It appears that 

P.* There have been several editions the dogs have the best of the battle, 

of this singular work ; the best, accor- and the following is the conclosion of 

J% to De BuTf, U ihit of j b3Q^ Aa- thtf poetical i^uette extraordiqaiy : 





• In Ihe NugK Venalei alio are iht 
"kllowing I'mes, where the F is the se- 
Mil leiMi, one iliai is more difficult 
mmodaie iIi3D itit C. 
^kbuIIm fiirtiai heitt fiinnuu ftfellil, 
7i>nDtto fkcieiu (crvcDii furu (Mare. 
ffvr fotitu fettur fttucu fl*groi)uc fciitm. 
^ The letler C ii a ra'aarite letter Tor 
peciw of coinpoiiiion. In the 
iiigpoem.coniiilnLii^iboul 1000 
. lOEClher with an c^iutlc dettica- 
^ y of inree pasM> every word begins 
^ith C. " olarlini Hamconii, Fniii, 
^rismen Catliolicoruin com C»I»init- 

K|.ov8oii, lUl2. 4IO." Hugobald, a 
Cnonk. wrote a long poem in honour 
I«fCliroloiCalvus, beginning 

ibriiDiue Cilvij cutBte eiraenn. 
The follonitig ii ihetlile: Hughal- 
^tu " Foete PriutBniis Eclogi dc Cal- 
Foema Macatonicuni. cojui car- 
Jit lioRula veiba iticij)iunt \Kt lilC' 
nC. B«iiliE, 1546," 8vo.— Itiaa 
e work) bui,l believe, the composi- 
n of Chrisiianm Pietiui, > Gcf man, 
... . ^ of more than lOUO linei, 
JUi^ CnrisiuE Crucifixiis, ii of still 
T occurrence. The following i> a 

ledldetCkriilo comiw'te Camoiut, 
.. Mure cunclonim citmin* ceitum 

I CaDciaMuiccelebn>«libi«c|uccothun>cH, 

By w»y of variety a Jew called An- 

hbocl Abraha-n, who lived In the l3ih 

' eeniary, compoicd an oiation, wherein 

evCTT word began with an M. 

Some liiK* oa Chailn IX. combine 



Aipirut. iltii iltior aalignli, 
Relligio regui recta ntiona rsguur, 
Omnibut objieiM obtei^ujcniu opcrn. 

VehiJIuin TrnfruD vii violeatft leoit, 
Suipice Sinlidun 
Lt folU 

The following, on Sieur Viole, 
Bishop of Bourgongne, aBbrds an ex- 
ample of the initial V. 

Vim teraiE vieln liiu noerMiiur Ttroque, 

Vi.l..te. .»» vulgu. ,ti Violi. 

Venloniin vioUt v'.olu viDlfntl*, vertun 

Virtutem Violi vaMiu vbi<|ue veUt. 

Our quaint and periecuted couDliy- 

man, Lyihgoe, in hi» trsvcli tries hli 

Ekill, by pressing the letter G into his 

hough not with a very haruio- 



Gluo. 



:Becl. 

ijjlorioui Gmnw, goiptl-gniding grinj 
good Gcnim's ghaalljr 



It Goi 



We hnve now to give eome account 
of the Hngliih macaronic writers, of 
whom, as bcfort mentioned, Drum- 
mondof Hawihornden,aTidDr.Geddet, 
are ibe bni known, and may be aonu* 
dered at the ooty noted Uiitish wrllen 
of the claai. The alliieralioa of the 
Saxon poetry, and pieces similaf M 
Pierce Plowman's Vision, " In a somer 
season when set wai the sunnc,'' &c. 
are foreign to the purpose. Skelion, 
who was Poet Laurent about the end 
of the ISih century, the humour of 
whose writings is well known, has ex- 
ftmptci of this mode of writing, as 
(from the Boke of Colin Clout) 

Of SDch vagahtndut 

Speiketh toluj mundiis, 

i)Dg let aluMut, SiO. 



Speikei 



HxUit 



EHux 
Wtlco 



iciila. 



e Jickei 



d Gilli, 



My pretty P«li 

Ad you will ba 4lijii 
You ibiU hive jour wiili," &c. 
In Haraenei'i Detection, are some 
humorous lines, that may remind the 
leaUerof Dominie Sampeon with Meg 
Mcrrities, " iceleraliiiina ! — which 
means, Mrs. Margaret;" " eenjuro 
It ; — that is, 1 ihsnk you heartily ; " 
" eioTcito U .'—that is, I hnvo dined." 
They are, " Sit John of Graniam'i 
curse for the millet'* eeles thil ^nu* 



Classical LirsRATURB.— -On Afocffroiiic Poetry. ][Sep€. 



210 

*\ All you that stoleo tlie biller't mIm, 
LaudaU dandnum de ecdis. 
And all they that have cooseoted thereto, 
Benedieamus domino,'* 

Dunbar, a Scotch poet, in the 15ih 
century, occasionally wrote in this 
•tyle. '* The testament of Mr. Andro 
Kennedy, " by him, represents the cha- 
racter of a drunken scholar. It is some- 
what of an irreverent description ^ one 
verse, therefore, will sufRce. 

Nunc eondo testamentum meum, 

I leif my saule fir evirmaify 
« Per omnipotentem Deum, 

Into my iordis wyne-cellar ; 

Semper iH ad remanendum» 

Till dometday cum without diMiTer, 
. Bonum vinum ad tibendum, 
, With sweit Cnthbert that lufit me nevir. 

In '* An Answere to a Romish Rime, 
&c.*' imprinted by Simon StaflTord 
1()02, is the following song, said to be 
probably of the time of Henry the 8th, 
(Cens. Liter, vol. viii. p. 368). 

** A merry song, and a very song, 
Soipitati pickt our purse with Popish illusio, 
Purgatory, acala coeli, pardons cum jubilio. 
Pilgrimage-gate, where idoles sate with all 

abnminalio, [generatio, 

Channoo, Fryers, common lyers, tliat filthy 
Nunoes puling, pretty puling, as cat In milke> 

|iannio ; [superstitio ; 

See what knaverie was in mookerie, and nhat 
Becking, belling, ducking, yelling, was their 

whole religio, [sine filio. 

And when women came unto them, fetre went 
But Abbeyes all are now downefall, Dei be- 

neficio, [minatio 

And we doe pray, day by day, that all abo- 
May come to desolatio.— Amen." 

By the bye, Stonyhurst, in his Vir- 
gil, has some extraordinaiy versifica- 
tions, in a language peculiarly his own ; 
what poet would wish to dispute with 
him such lines as these? — 

** Tlieu did he make heaven's vault to rebound 
With routice robble bobble. 
Of ruffe raffe roaring, 

Withthicke thwacke thurly bouncing." 

There are a few macaronicisms in a 
poem at the end of Leiand's Itinerary, 
vol. vi. ; being an account of a fight 
between the scholars and townsmen, at 
Oxford, loih February, 1364, and two 
following days, begun at Swyndolne- 
stock or Swindlesiock tavern, in which 
"*2P? ^[ »^^e former were killed, for 
Which the tmvn was afterwards severely 

ryats Odcombian Banquet/ and in his 



Cmmbe or Colvrarts, kc. ; likewise in 
the " Poems, Lyrioue, Macaroniqae, 
Heroique," 8cc. of Henry Bold of Nevy 
College, Oxford (afterwards of the Ex- 
aminer's Office in Chancery) published 
at London, 1664, 8vo. A humorous 
poem of this description is given ia 
Percy's Reliques, vol. iii. p. 374, ad, 
oressed to a friend of Mr. John Grubb, 
of Christ Church, Oxford, urging him 
to print Mr. Grubb's poem called 
** The British Heroes," or the second 
part of Sl George for England. As it 
IS short and amusing, it is here given 
in full : 

" ExpoUulaHuncula, sive Querintxndun^ 
cuta ad Antonium (AtherUm,) ob Poema 
Johawm Grubb, Viri tov xayu ingemosis- 
•imi in lucem nondum editi. 

Toni ! Tune stoet divina poeroata Grubbi 
Intomb'd iu secret thus still to remain any 
longer, 

Tovyo/Aft aou shall last^ O T^uSSi ^»»/a7i- 

Grubhe, tuiim noroen vivet dum nobilis ale -a 
Efficit hemas, dignamque heroe pnellam. 
Est genus beroum, quos nubilb efficit ale- a. 
Qui pro niperkin clamant,quatemqiie liqooris. 
Quern vocitent Homines Brandy, Super! 

Cherry -Brandy. [bacco 

Ssepe illi long-cut^ vel small- out, flare To- 
Sunt soliti pipos. Ast si generosiur herba 
f Per varios casus, per tot discriniina rerum) 
Mundungus desit, tum non fiimare' recusant 
Brown -jmper tost&, vel quod fit arundine 

bed mat. [sedes ! 

Hie labor, hoc opus est beroum ascendere 
Ast ego quo rapiar ? quo me feret entheits 

»»dor, [poema. 

Grubbe, tui memorem ? Divinum expande 
Quae mora ? quae ratio est, quio Grubbi pro- 

tinus anser 
Virgilii Flaccique simul canat inter olores ?" 

Dr. Wm. Kincf, in the beginning of 
last century, published a satirical work 
on the scientific proceedings of thea^e, 
called "Useful Transactions in Philo- 
sophy, and other sorts of learning.*' In 
No. 5, (professing to be an account of 
Meursius his book of the plays of the 
Grecian boys) he gives the following 
burlesque translation of •* Boys, boys, 
come out to play,** &c. as a quotation 
from his Greek author : 

Ku/bi/bimMft^o»(;,Mn?otK KOfAfxtrt irXflttftv' 
Mvfn »acwffp»raj SijCiptt rovoc vufoc ^«»«* 
Kvfxixrrs avv tnrv^avv X«Jw xv/a/uisti xat;Xw^ 
AiucriTi avxvt^<tv,Mti^oni, Xwcrrr* Ct^iof, 
2ur Toij xo/jtf a»Joiyiy tn r^nrsaro'i vAxtorrf;* 
(To be continued.) 



Ptaiage ill IJoract. — Excunion in IS'28. 



HoRACB, Ode 3, eg. 
r. Urban, _ T/iriford, Aug 7- 
jT'OUR Correspondenl, C. V. L. G. 
.In p. 38, dclcndi ibe old leading 
' in HoRACB, lib, iii. ode 2g, 

Eclpe U mnra : 
™p,rBdumTibar,«lA«-lE. 



jainil ihe cniendalion u/, proposed 

OLA9 Hardinoe, Esq. and 

jfitoTcd bf his son GEftROR Hard- 

, Esq. BeNTLBV, MAHKI.AIIU, 

.OR, Bnd Parr, and acluatly re- 

d into ihe lexi in ihe very excel- 

edilion of Ilarace, receoily pub- 

I Rt N«w York by Professor 

AliTHON. ir your ingenious CorrC' 

~ rodeni will consult iTie lecond vo- 

of my Parriana, pp.701 — 710, 

ill lee ieveral notices lespecling 

ii conjecture of N. Hardingg. niiJ 

e approval of it by Uentlby and 

ELAND. Dr. Parr's opinion is 

in p. 574, iti ihc cnliqne on 

efibld'b Horace, whieb 1 cn- 

Rcted from the Briliih Crilic for 

a. Fell, (xnd April, 17g5: bis words 

ihesei — "Wakefield reads en 

t temper udum, wliere some crilicj 

intend for ttt, and some for nea, and 

Sihen for ne; ne ale inclined lo adopt 

1/ with Nicholas Hahdinqb." My 

I 'Btinier baa put a/ Tor ut by niistabc. 

E^oar Corietpondenl contends llial ihe 

aMominon reading is correct, if nr be 

1 ^■dependent on mota, not on eripe, and 

'~* I disposed 10 ihink that his inler- 

,tion is quite correct ) " thai de- 

which detains him from contem- 

nilng.** In the following examples. 









BXCDBSIOX IN I8SS. 

alimrdfiom m. C, pi, i. p. 583.) 

HODTHAMPTON, 

fUCH as the addition of recent 
. buildings has increased the sub- 
■ af ihi* " good Iowa,'' the anti- 
■" »,asde*cribedbySirHenryEngle- 
io his agreeable publicRliun, le- 
n noil* in ilalu quo, 
- ^'TiiAEL'a Church was under 
'he nave had been nearly re- 
ll BDJcr Ihe direction of Mr. Good- 
irchilect. The arches »re 
ibioied, iptingine from octangular 
rt ; Ihe ■rchivolt moulilings BUSlain- 
ivn. Mio. Sfpietdtr, 1B30. 

4 



am inierposuisli, quin quaca 
iiiiiiiuiii gaudio maximo frueremnr,' 
Veil. Paiero. 8, Bl. ' Ciiar nihil in 
mora habuit quominus penenirct,' 
Tereni, Andr. 5, 6, 7. 'Nee mora 
uila ett, quin eam uxorem ducam.' 

ll cannot, hnwcTcr, be denied, (and 
so much may lie laid in vindication of 
iheconJectorenfN. Hardinoe,) ihal 
ihere are passages, in which nr seema 
10 be used for ul, and in which the 
subililulion of ihe one for the olher 

I been proposed by . 



"In 



': vellcn 






cd on corbels. The plan ha» been ren- 
dered utiiform by taking in a small 
piece of ground at the north-west angle. 
The chaocel is siill divided from the 
remainder of ihe Church, by ihe mas- 
sive piers of the tower, the nave being 
used for the public services. The 
area is pewed, and four galleries arc 
erected in dilTerenl parts ; viz. one in 
each aisle, another at ihe west end for 
the cbaiiiy children, anda fourth, appro- 
priated to ihe use of the singers (for the 
Church has no organ), is constiucied 
in front of ilio weiiein aich of ihe 
tower [ ibis latter gallery is supported 
by flying groim. 



poniiur, Tereni. Andr. 2, S, 12. 
paves, ne duca* tu illam, lu auiem ui 
ducas,' Worm, S, 7, 72. ' Vereor tit 
placari possil.'Clc. Fam. 12, 19. -Non 
dubitebam, quia meas liters* libcnler ] 

lectuius esses : verebar ut redderentur.' 
Esl qoi legit re, sed invitis crilicis, et 
libris mclioribus. Id. pro Marcelh, c. 
4. ' Vereor ul hoc, quod dicatn, po- 
rinde inielligi audiin possil.' Al. le- 
gunl non perindei al. vtreor rte: sed 
prior leciio hrmaiur etiam auciorilale 
Ascon. in Divia. Verr. c. b. Reperiri 
lamen videtut posiium nr eliam in lis, 
quEE vellemos, Cic' Fam. 6, i. ' Ta- 
men vereor ne consolatio ulla pouit 
vera reperiri.' Iia libri otnnes, quos 
Manul. vidit, et Gixv. Ille lamen 
et Comerar. mallent nulla : vel eereor 
ul ulla: quod Lainbln. in qiiibusdam 
libris se repetis>e ail. Sicwechius aRert 
ei itiud All. (1, 4. ' Vereor ne satis 
diligenier actum in lenatu sit de litlerii 
meis.' Sed probatx quiEque edilioDct 
habent ut lalis." FoRCELLixua. 
E. H. Barkbr. 



SIB 



Esamion in Hamptlan w iSSik 



CS«|)t. 



In thearriingQiDeni of the two pulpiu, 
ODe being intended for the reading- 
tlttk, a tenselest innovation hat been 
effected; they are situated at the west 
end of the nave, and consequently the 
whole of the congregation torn their 
backs on the altar. This departure 
from established rule most have been 
directed by the very spirit of innova- 
tion and novelty | there is nothing in 
the form of the nave, or in the ar- 
nnsement of the building, which 
comd at all be urged as a reason for 
ihis singular arrangement. There is 
no plea of convenience or expediency 
to justify the change, which must have 
entirely resulted from whim and ca- 

Cice. The ancient font is now insu- 
ted, and placed in the centre of the 
tower. On the north side of the alur 
u a mutilated effigy, mitred, and bear- 
ing a croiier, which was discovered in 
the proi^ress of the repairs. On the op- 
posite side is a stone coffin, and near it 
•« piscina. The altar screen is inscribed 
** DoNUU Jacobi Parkbh, 167s." 

Tiie chancel has been but little al- 
tered in the reparation. The screens 
at the altar, mentioned by Englefield, 
retain their places; but the suUs he 
noticed have disappeared. The arch of 
the west window of the nave, which 
was formerly void, has been filled with 
mollions and tracery. 

The statue of Queen Anne, on the 
Bar Gate, which excited the mirth of 
Sir H. Englefield, has given way to one 
of George III. in Roman costume, 
which for any resemblance it bears to 
■ the original, may have been intended 
for one of the Cssars, and oeconomi- 
cally appropriated to the English mo- 
narch ; in the same manner as a Lord 
Mayor of London is recorded to have 
transformed a statue of Sobieski into 
onr own Charles the Second. The ab- 
surdity of the Roman costume is surely 
greater than the stiff stays and gpwn of 
the Queen, which gave such onence to 
Englefield. 

The building called the Castle, has 
been entirely destroyed, and on its site 
18 a ** Zion, with the date of 1823. 

At Mile End, a new and extensive 
suburb, is a new Chapel, in the Point- 
ed^ style of architecture ; it is built of 
brick covered with stucco ; Architect, 
Benham. At the west end are two 
spires, but there is nothing very striking 
in its architecture or decorations. 

The Isle of Wight has been so ofien 



described by every deieriptioa of tourists, 
that none of its various features of inte- 
rest, whether antiquarian or picturesque, 
can possibly have escaped notice. 

Rrading Church is probably the 
largest, and u reputed to be Uie most 
ancient in the island. In a chapel at 
the east end of the south aile, is a mo- 
nument of the age of Elizabeth, con- 
sisting of an altar tomb, surmounted 
with the cross-legged effigy of a Knight 
in the plate armour of the time, ex- 
tended on a mat, as the statues of this 
period generalljr are. Above this effigy, 
which IS the size of life, is a smaUer 
one similarly armed, which is also dis- 
-tingnished by the crossing of the legs. 
These monuments seem to negative 
the idea once entertained, that figures 
in this position were either actual cru- 
saders, or persons who had vowed to 
participate in the holy wars. As no in- 
tention of a crusade could possibly be 
entertained at the period of the coii- 
•truction of the efiigies under consi- 
deration, I am inclined to attribute 
the position merely to a veneration for 
the form of the cross, which seems 
to be the prevalent opinion amongst 
antiquaries on this subject. 

Portsmouth. 

The Church is a large building, con- 
sisting of a nave, transept, and chancel. 
The former is modern, having been 
rebuilt in the Italian style. The tran- 
septs and other eastern portions show 
the earliest pointed architecture. The 
windows are lancet-formed ; the vault- 
ing of the simplest description, very 
much resembling the older part of the 
transept of York Cathedral. 

In Fortsea two new Chapels have been 
built under the directions of the Com- 
missionen for building new Churches. 
St. Paul's Chapel is a large structure of 
stone, in the Pointed style of architec- 
ture, built from the designs of Mr. 
Goodwin. It somewhat resembles 
Bordesley Chapel, by the same archi- 
tect, engraved in vol. xevn. pt. ii. p. 
£01, though very inferior in iwint of 
correctness to that building. The mul- 
lioiM and tracery are iion ; the latter is 
fantastic in design, and in its propor- 
tions little stonter than a common 
window frame. 

All Saints' Chapel is built of stone, 
in a purer taste ; it consists of a nave 
and aisles, and the architecture is in 
the best style of the fourteenth century. 



(S30j TragtdiM of Oialmai Fata and Gialavii$ Adolphi 

In (lie Raok* tie loriy winilotri, iht 
iracery L«ing »«ri*d from each oilier. 
The windnwi are in two helghi>. and 
in Ihe ceiiire \% a gmill row nf inulliona 
111 thai part wtiere ihc gallrriei crnse 
ihe deiign, an unutuol mode of nr. 
nnaemeni, but poueisiiig ihe merii of 
Uliht]', and at ihe same lime not dIio- 
gflhtr unaanciioncd by ancient ex- 

The w«sl. front it made into three 
<ti*i*ioni, correipondlng wilh ihe nave 
■od iHm; Ihe bultrntn which mark 
the diTtiioa being finished with pin- 
_...„ Tu ■ -.--=-nj.n,'„lj 



which was destrojc<l bj tbe Pu- 
ll is a plait) building, with ■ 
towerin iwoMorJei, nf Grecian 
■etnre. Ii i, „„. and .imple. 
c tower If lalher a nteoiing ipc- 
of a modern iieenle. The ar- 
, Mr. Drsp«r, of Chic heater. 
E. I. C. 



Mr. Uhba 

It,™ 






Cuuied hj a ipacious : 
Hildeil arch, eotnpritii 



nd t 



„ within il 
the principal entrance, and an iilegant 
windoH above ii. 0>er ihij arch !■ a 
doeb. and the elevation it fitiiihed pe- 
dlmcatally. On ihe centre is a square 
Ml Inrrel, ending in h dwarf spire. 
This Chapet il, upon the whole, one 
«f the aiMt cliasir and pleating ipe- 
iiofmodetn Pointed architrctiire. 

Chichester. 
a former Magazine, vol, xcix. 
Lii- p. 117. I pointed 



1 b.t 



July 10, 
limber for February la»i, I 
a notice of M. Ariiauli't 
eutilled-GujlavuiAdol. 
:h has recently appeared 
" of French dtamalic litc- 



II had ai 






I tec your readers 
ng Cathedra 



— oppoiiunily 
— .,,.,.. ng M. Arnauli't performance, 
and of course judge of II from refiori. 
But it hai often iituck me that every 
Biiempt 10 embody ihe acts and sayingt 
of heroic chieftains who hare figured 
in iiory, should be vjeived with tome 
indulgence i as the mastei-spiiiii who 
hare li«cd and noied aoiongsi their 
coniempotariet with splendour and 
greaineis of mind, may be thought U 



lively . 
of ifie 



I teiterBic ihe 
uded tny former leller, that in the pio- 
"ed improvements, needful rcstora- 
k may be effected, and no more) 
d Ibat the Cathedral may not, in ihc 
parationi which are not* in progrest. 



anjrai 



r ihos 



riled byaWysti, or projected by a 
iBirke, srecetiain of creating. 
P'A oomberofhouies have been pulled 
whieh formerly hid the Caibe. 
d from the Mrcel. Ity ihia means the 
Wreh ia rendered more public than 
fegcnernllly of Cathedrals are, at the 
Iw rime it is very questionable whether 
b llWration it an improvemenl. The 
!t atduiion of the close is destroyed 
■ Ibe alie ration, and in conier|uence 
f a parish Church it given to 
ding. InHcad of an arched 
, sarmounted by a tower, lead- 
I inio Ihe Cuihedral-yard, an iron 
Kng, with a gate of the same, merely 
Tti** the ineluted btirying -ground 
m the Ureet. 
A smatl Church is bnildinji on the 



It than ihe 
ptKt't imagina- 

Had Shakipearc lived a century later, 
and uiiemplcdGujtavuiAdolphus, the 
hoc and heroic aualiiiei which ID great 
a master would have transcribed from 
the livinjt model, might be supposed 
equal in interesc to the lineit embody- 
ing In Macbeth or Oiliello. Thai Ihe 
evil propensities of ihc human heart 
are accompanied, in their porlrajlure, 
with a keener sense of inlereil than tbe 
tame delineation of a noble and mag- 

of ihose masier-spiriu who have gleam- 
ed like a meteor over the age in which 
ihry lived, and the records of whose 
lives have given tbe lie to the principle 
which assumes the univerial degene- 
racy of mankind — can only be true with 
limitations. Supposing them equalljr 
to be delineated by a masier-hand, 11 
will hardly be denied that ibc niinit 
feels pained while tracing deeds of 
homir or atrocity, and the feeling of 
lively emotion which sumeliinct ac- 
companies us, is attendant more ou the 
writer's genioi, than hit hero's frailty, 
Both Gii«l4tus Vasa and Guilavut 
Adolphui postested high maleiial* for 
forining a line tragic drams. '*"' — 



s((e «f( one dedieatnl h> St. Barlholo- dauntless peiional br^vtt^ \n \.V\t. &t\&. 



t«d 



Tragediei of Gmtaifus Fata and GuMtaous Adolphui* (Sept; 



^^that intrepid fearlessness of cbarac* 
ter, with wnich, through difficuhies, 
that to most other minds would ap- 
pear insormountable, they, with the 
persererance which would have distin- 
guished a denizen of the old Roman 
republic, compassed their ends, — that 
magnanimity and nobleness of soul 
which shone through all their actions, 
and prompted them to sacrifice their 
own comfort; and the luxury and mag- 
nificence of a monarch to the exiscncies 
of their people,— these elevated traits 
of character, so rarely distinguishing 
thrones, hold forth to the poet a rich 
assemblage of materials. As lumi- 
naries who, individually, reflected at 
once on their country and themselves 
the most dazzling splendour and re- 
nown, the annals o^ Sweden, or 
perhaps of any other nation, can scarcely 
farnisn subjects of heroism more finely 
fitted to the purposes of the tragic 
writer than those of the elder and the 
younger Gustavus. For, if it may 
strike some that Charles the Twelfth, 
another of the Swedish dynasty, ex- 
ceeded them both in dazzling exploits, 
yet the character of the former was by 
no means so entirely adapted to the 
purposes of heroic analysis. 

The personal heroism of Charles 
transcended even the creatures of ro- 
mance; and, while it rivalled the fabled 
heroes who fought at Troy, threw 
into the shade the chronicled achieve- 
ments of those boasts of ancient story, 
Alexander and Caesar, and forms a 
central point for admiration to all 
posterity; — but the actions, and the 
life of Charles, however it might have 
furnished subjects for epic writing, are 
less adapted for the purposes of tragedy. 

Charles, notwithstanding his career 
of victory and of glory, was, as all 
know, the destroyer of his country 
rather than its preserver ; while Gus- 
tavus Vasa may emphatically be termed 
its Saviour : and the second Gustavus, 
by the noble stand which he made in 
favour of liberty, against several united 
powers of Europe, may as emphatically 
be designated the great champion of the 
rights of mankind, and of the Pro- 
testant cause. 

The catastrophe of Charles at Pul- 
towa, may be termed one of those 
freaks of fortune which might have 
been expected by a monarcn whose 
desperate valour placed all his honours 
#a the cast of a die $— but the wisdom 



and foresight of the others covered a 
brave nation with unprecedented glories, 
no less by the arts of peace, than the 
terror of their arms. " The habits 
of Gustavus Adolphus," says an elegant 
historian, '* were of the most simple 
kind; he shared in all the bodily fa- 
tigues of his soldiers ; though the nold- 
ntss of his enter prizes astonished the 
world, he was personally mild, bene- 
ficent, susceptible of lo\'e and friend- 
ship, eloquent, popular, and full of re« 
liance on Providence; the principal 
traits of his character were magnani- 
mity and gentleness." 

We read, likewise, of the elder Gus- 
tavus (whose character is briefly traced 
by the same writer) — as "a leader who 
possessed the power of imparting to 
the people his heroic spirit, — one whose 
views were so just as to lead him to 
undertake no more than what was ca- 
pable of being carried into execution.*' 

It has often been remarked bycritics* 
that it is essential to a fine tragedy that 
its subject be correspondently in unison 
with the effect designed to be produced 
in the mind of the reader. If it be 
not necessary that, as in epic poetry, 
the action should be great, still it 
should always superinduce noble and 
magnanimous sentiments in its promi- 
nent characters ; or it is impossible to 
sustain that degree of interest in its 
various parts, without which not all the 
genius of the artist can raise it to that 
standard of justness, beauty, and ex- 
pression, which ought properly to at- 
uch to it« 

In the <' Robbers" of Schiller, it is 
the greatness of soul which we occa- 
sionally find embodied in Charles's 
character, which solely sustains the in- 
terest of the piece. The brutal and 
desperate valour of his associate out- 
laws, and their cold-blooded and reck- 
less cruelly, are calculated only to excite 
aversion and disgust;— but the some- 
what mistified sublimity of character 
which drives a young man, through an 
overwhelming sense of injustice and 
wrong, to become a robber and an as- 
sassin, redeems its atrocities, and throws 
over the drama a proper character of 
elevation. 

And here, if it has been pertinently 
remarked by an elegant critic in these 
matters, that *' firie writing depends as 
much on a happiness in the arrange- 
ment, as in the choice of oar ideas," 
so^ the soccess of a tragedy depends es- 




JhrooJce'f Tragedy of GutUvui Fata. 

9' 



Mlall; oo the lelection of tiich cha- 

I •> ihall, wiihout olTeiKling 
~l^n>t hi»u>tical or mythdbgical pro- 

ptlcly, \ttvp up ihe loiic and character 
of the piece Id in requitile sUDdard of 
cltvaiHin. 

II iruc that "a line imagii 



een Cuiherine,' 
s. of which ihi 
(tirniihed lo him, brealhe 



rrlytobu fouudin any 




Vaja" may be 



e the uresencG of £vr, gives aiecond ihought equalhr u> preserve iheie pro- 



^ D the bcai 

It lOiittst ihe feriitc flow of images 

which the poel, teeming wiih 

;reaiion), ainpUlici his characters, of Pope and thi 
^CDoe aad propriety must be pre- certainly ' 



far at hiiLory ha& held ihem 
observation. Thii tragedy, 
by Brooke, the intimate fiiend 
' " ^iti of those days, 
lervei all the celebrity It 
enslarup perpeiuity on a enjoyetl at ihe period of its publi' 
productiuns, lo pass the ordea], cation. Its compleiion and style, 
tDSlrain the luffrage of the man indeed, ii snch, that nhile it alniost 
U)le and reading, the personagea prtctudc) rivalship or competition 



t ftgure in llie di 
'e, and act, aa history or 
Bdi them forth — chastely, 

DJr neroti may legitimately 
( of Cam. Bohail'l, 
ir Piirolles, as Lee, and loi 
P hier dale in the drama h 
t lo make ihcin do, mistaking rant 
P'digniiy, and sound fur lenttiiitiit, 
pny effusions of ihe tragic order 
tiich once had their thoti-hved meed 
K populaiiiy would, creti in ihc c^es 
[eriticiim and lasie, attain iomeihing 



the particular subject occupied by ils 
lliion author, it may abundantly encouraga 
cum- an attempt on a similar subjeci, such 
as that we have noticed as having lalcly 
ih in distinguished the pen of M. Arnault. 
Vlon- lis lineaments, an J its general lone and 
ilhers brealhing, were, at the epoch of its ap- 
been peaiing, deemed by those in power nW 
altogether to comport with that feeling 
which they wished to go abroad. Its 
performance was eontequenlly sup- 
pressed by the Lord Chamberlain, 
which circumstance (far whti other 
can be imagined) may be thought 



1 decided, however, that no- 
Ing butjuit ihoughiii, and a nicedii- 
Slitinaling sense of propriety, can 
fldtl tiogic composilioiia worthy of a 
frmaoeot place in the high and sacred 
^n of literature, so those which pre- 
jpi^ ihttt esscoiials, please, and will 

LStlakspeare, beneath the daztle of 
Those genius British tongues 



operated in throwing it 
into a comparative obscurity, which, 
measured by the rules of lasie and fair 
criticism, it certainly never deserved. 

Had Shakspeare written " Gostavus 
Vaia," or rather had he written a 
tragedyoti the subject, his imagination 
might possibly have amplified his cha- 
racter, with some new beauty of thought, 
which is wanting in the present per- 
formance. But it is no sacrilege t 



lined at say, thai thai great d 



IS incongru 



rs in neutralizing bodied, in a 



srof the hu- 
n passions would neither ha>e em- 



s of his tragedy by 



I finest illu) 
bnes with il 

Un-place of farce. Bui Shakapeare, uf Ihe characters 
Ijlalcver be his subject, whatever be ' ' ■ ■ 

I character, whether drawu from 
btatj, Iradiiion, or " the very coinage 
' ' n biain," has, with a delicate 
a propriely which goes far in 
I that charm which renders 
..- - .JDimon favourite wiih roan- 
md, appropriated lo all and each the 
tatimcDU and peculiar toneof feclin/, 



; the conceptions which we 



hb« 



I upon the testimony of hisiorT 
living models. His " Brutus, ' 
Richard,'' his " Faolconbridee,'' 
CorioUnuj,- his " Wolaey,''^h« 



inedlheintereslofilsvarioua 

parts, in language of greater beauty 
and energy. 

Of the tragedy of " Gustams Vasa," 
it is impossihle, in many respects, 
10 do justice to iis meriis, without 
speaking in terms of very high praise 
In its hern, iDdi;ed, ii will strike 
some, is embodied an deration of cha- 
racter whicii steps beyond sober his- 
tory, — that the aulhor has ventured 
inio lubliin.ited re^ons, and created a 
iiiiiactc o( virtue uiiV-nown Vi TOO^>.1^'l 



fMIO 



On Dramatic and Feriodical Liierainre. 



unmatched even by thote devoted tpi- 
Hts which animated the purer ages of 
the old Roman republic. 

It will hardly oe said by any one 
who bestows even a momentary atten- 
tion on the state of intellectual attain* 
ments among us, that the talent for 
dramatic writing keeps pace with the 
other branches of literature, or indeed 
that its display amounts even to pofi« 
tive respectability. May we not, there- 
fore, still anticipate the speedy restora- 
tion of a drama of high out neglected 
merits. Glowine with the charms of 
novelty, and brightening in those linea- 
ments of originality, and vigour of 
thought, which must in every age give 

{pleasure, it seems formed to become a 
avourite. 

The purification of the drama has, 
at many seras of our literature, been 
talked of as a national desideratum. 
Surely, by reviving on our stage those 

Sieces which alike combine, in a high 
egree, moral beautv and classical taste, 
and which by jointly actine with those 
which are already standard favourites, 
may tend to raise the moral character 
of our drama, national good in more 
than a literary view is accomplished. 
There are pieces from the hand of 
eminent masters, which abundantly 
redeem it from the complaint so often 
and so loudly alledged, and not alto- 
gether without reason, that the English 
ktaee is a school for the encouragement 
of nceutiousness and profligacy. Ben 
Jonson is well known, in his " £x- 
plorata," to have said, in reply to those 
of his contemporaries who used to boast 
that Shakspeare never blotted a line of 
all he wrote, " Would that he had 
blotted a thousand \" 

With e(^ua], and indeed with far 
greater justice, may it be said of multi- 
tudes of his successors, down to the 
present time ; the pernicions tendency 
of whose pieces, or the exceptional 

Shraseology of whose dialogue, has 
one much in bringing dramatic exhi- 
bitions into disrepute amonff many of 
our countrymen, who are neither soured 
^ puritanism, or destitute of taste — 
that much might with convenience 
have been spared. The revival of old 
standards of real worth and excellence, 
which breathe a high tone of disinte- 
rested virtue and patriotism, or of ge- 
nerous sentiments, is, we contend, a 
national acquisition. 
* Referring to the well-written remarks 



tSept. 

ofyour correspondent H. in yOar last No- 
vember Maeasine, p. 410, upon some 
of the weathercock notions of the age, 
and particularly on an article penned 
bv an official oracle of the new London 
University,* that the present j^eration 
are, par excelience, Dinning io lee, 
whereas their ancestors gropnl in the 
dark, I am inclined to tnink that the 
prejudices and ignorance of our fathers 
of the last century were not always so 
palpable as are pretended. 

It is indeed true that a great *' moral 
revolution** has taken place (nbi supra) 
in periodical writing; whether, indeed, 
we refer to its style of treatment, either 
of melanges or metaphytict. For the 
first, melanges, witness the sort of im- 
pressions which hover round the mind 
as we rise, at any time, from the pe« 
rusal of some frothy piece of inanity 
which often fills a wide gap in the 
pages of your monthly brethren, — the 
worthlessness of which is ill compen- 
sated by the butterfly gilding wtiich 
adorns it. And to be persuaded that a 
*' moral revolution** lias taken place 
in the method of discussing metaphy- 
sical questions, it is only necessary to 
refer to the article in a late Edinburgh 
Review, on M. Cousin's '• Course of 
Philosophy." The predicaments and 
relations, within the ample science of 
Ontology, are rarious and indefinite ; 
but if anv of your readers perceive the 
lucid ana intelligible bearings of the 
greater part of this piece in question, 
they do more than the present writer. 

Innovation, however, as everyone 
knows, is not always improvement. 
The " quip *' and squibs, and carp- 
ines, wnicn some of your contempo- 
raries, in the plenitude of their illumi- 
nations, discnarge alike at literary 
works and institutions which are not 
precisely of their own school,— and the 
gibes which they level, often innoxiously 
enough, against others of equal taste 
and discernment perchance, but whose 
commodities of literature exhibit less 
of pungent acrimony,— >are proofs of 
the dauntless and frontless confidence 
with which, from the new lights of 
the agle, the arm of their prodigious 
Teaming (God wot !) assails their more 
retiring adversary. 

That the arrogance of modem critics, 
proverbial for laughing at things of 
which they cannot form a right esti- 



■ jMfc. 



* Now dncon^Bued. 



On Ike poemi of tJiutik. 



ivea, through ihc 
p«gra of ihe Gentleman's Msgaitnr, 
■ti honnt guetdon o^ reproor, we neeil 
only (inter alia) point lo the triumphant 
rpfutalion, alio caatained in your Iwt 
Norember Mainline (p. 417), of the 
■ II of the Wmi ■ " ■ 

m inwlli^tc 

I SOCJCIJ of AlllH|l 

■n the wmer of that iirtiel 
■) atta»iii«nenl which he meri 

bin doling, I will once 

bhape that n«ithci the 

■ hand, or on the other, the 

roiini, in ilic periodical liim- 
Kofoutage.suravountean'l maiket- 
*E a coinuiodilf , or any other autho- 
I. will longer auceeed in Mlfanging 
n the Briliih ttage a tragedy whion 
intitleJ, in many leipecls, lo become 
■ oroameni. 
Mtlkikam. E. P. 



Sis 

t the present 



|N depth or Philntophic: 



is or iiji 

^te ditquiiiiion on motives of human 
JtioD. none ha» as yet approximated 
^Hume'a laimiiihle History of £ng- 
DUgh hii irieligious senti- 
he tainetited, as a historian 
toaianJi prominent, " simplex mun- 
'tiii," " Dee *iget quidqujim simile, 
,.rt teciindoo)." 

V]l i» to be regrelteij, that a distin- 

Allied peiMnage, who has recently 

rvn a Hutory of England, ihoulil 

r*e uonecetiaiily attacked iheauihen- 

lUy of the celeurnted Faemi of 0>- 

■ .. ^j ^^^^ .-1 .. 



nowned Poems, 
lime, they have L 

iTadilion, and constantly repealed by 
old men, all over the Hebridet of Scot- 
land ; aod all thai Macpherson hud to 
do, was simply to collect them, and lo 
correct the grammatical errors, ur uu- 
" Member of lological expreuions of aecd men of 
riei," inflicted practised memories, ihougli in general 
devoid of education. Had he used any 
further freedoms with these fascinating 
eiprets productions, such would have beeu iqi- 
ers'' on niediaiety detected hy the clerey and 
gentry of the country, a wcll-etfucalcd 
deicription of men, who from infancy 
had been in the constant hahii of hew- 
ing them rifhearsed for the amiiiement 
of their families. Even if hundreili, 
who during their lives repeated the«e 
extraordinary poems in measured prow, 
had combined lo adulterate tome of 
ihem, the imposture would have been 
instantly discovered by the thousands 
in daily habiu of hearing them at all 
times. Thii oral pahticily Ihrough 
ages, constitutes the stable basis on 
which for ever must stand founded the 
reRaed narrations of the high-giAtd 
genius of Otsian.* Had there been, 
what there was not, a Cetlic chatacier 
in that country, a manuscript would 
not have possessed the force of oral re- 
card from father to ton. An infamoiii 
Scottish man of the name of Latid«r, 
daringly attempted to prove that the 



\mcrlunili, Extirr 
Aug. 7- 



reflec 



, by Doetoi 



ft of the Ceiti 

•nd other literary 

ll long ago Kt that cjueition com- 

itcly at rett, both by internal evi- 

, and the proved truth of oral 

. aiDltrrupted tradition. 

fcBy our senator and recent historian, 

nir. Macphenon (who was a scholar, 

" * wtoie a hiMory of repute) is ac- 

iwledged lo have been " a Toung 



a genio 






s;a°j 



le of Oisian know to have beeu 

ally discharged. 

I It ouy be requisite to mention, that 

lim ihe period of the chivali 

^ beautifully recorded in tbcse 



Parodiie Lost" of John 
a plagiarism, and piracy from diSerent 
learned foreign writers ( and even cele- 
brated literary men, such a« Dr. Jobn- 
son and Or. Percy, were convinnd 
that the impoitor had made out bii 

CDsiiions, till Douglas Bishop of Saliv- 
ary, after much trouble, compelM 
the wretch Lauder to confeas that the 
milhuTi he ifualtd never had exiiUate. 
Where there is no uulhtnlic oral Iratli- 
lion, (ictiiioui manuKrlpis arc made a 
medium of imposition on the minds of 
even the learned ; as has happened rc- 

ond this should make hislotiuns cau- 
tious; and more especially in all cases 
where ihey had no opportunity of be- 
coming acquainted with real r.ict), 

ll is a singular fact, that the learned 
Abbd Cicaroiti, diatruning Johnson's 
bitter attack on the Ostian of Macpher- 




934 



Poems of Ouian.'-^Box near Bath. 



[Sept. 



SOD, Studied the Celtic, in order to 
judge of the poems as taken from tra- 
dition. He translated them into Ita- 
lian, and in his dissertation he says, 
" To me, as a citizen of the world, it 
matters not whether Ossian was horn 
in the bogs of Ireland, or mountains of 
Scotland; but no one will deny that he 
was the Son of the Muses.*' In imi- 
tation of Alexander, Buonaparte, a still 
more eminent destroyer of the human 
race, had always a copy of the Abba's 
translation under his pillow. Our his- 
torian says, that the Abba's version has 
" softened their defects.*' If this sena- 
tor and scholar had understood the 
language from which it is proved that 
Greek and Latin are in a great mea- 
sure derived, he would see that much 
of the spirit of the original has evapo- 
rated through these translations. The 

• great Lexicographer, who insunced in 
himself the greatest strength and weak- 
ness of the numan mind, entertained 
an erroneous opinion that the Celtic 
language was not sufficiently copious 
andf expressive to sustain a regular 
poem, or any production of weight and 
vigour. Had he studied it, he would 
have found it to abound in strength, 
▼ariety, and expression. The Persian 
alphabet onlv is calculated to ernress 
the Celtic syllables, not practicable by 
any combinations of our letters. In 
the Celtic narratives there are frequent- 
ly passages similar in enero^ and pathos 
to Doctor Johnson's sublime apostro- 
phising language, on landing on the 
island of lona, the cemetery of the 
Kings of Scotland. " We were now 
treading that illustrious island, which 
was once the luminary of the Caledo- 
nian regions; whence savage clans 
and roving barbarians derived the be- 
nefits of knowledge, and the blessings 

• of religion. To abstract the mind from 
all local emotion, would be impos- 
sible if it were endeavoured, and 
would be foolish if it were possible. 
Whatever withdraws us from the 
power of our senses, whatever makes 
the past, the distant, or the future, pre- 
dommate over the present, advances us 
in the dignity of thinking beings. Far 
from me, and from my friends, be such 
frigid philosophy as may conduct us, 
indifierent or unmoved, over any 
ground which has been dignified by 
wisdom, bravery, or virtue. That man 

• is little to be envied, whose patriotism 
would not gain force upon the plain of 

Marathon, or v^hose piety would not 



f;row warmer among the ruins of 
ona." 

Within the whole compass of the 

English language, there is not a finer 

passage than this striking similitude to 

the style of Ossian, the son of Fingal. 

Yours, &c. John Macdohald. 

Mr. Urbav, Aug. 1 1. 

THE rural scenery and natural beau- 
ties of the valley of Box, certainly 
deserve the notice of the lovers of the 
picturesque; and is, by Celtic, Roman, 
and Monastic remains, entitled to claim 
the attention of the AntiouarY. It will 
be the chief intention ot this hastily 
written communication, to notice its 
Celtic remains. 

There overlooks the valley of Box a 
brow of an extensive plain, called 
Kingsdown-hill, from the summit of 
which the eye is carried to an im- 
mense distance, both eastward and 
westward. The brow is in shape like 
onesideofan immense artificial mound, 
and in appearance is not unlike a ver- 
tical section of a cone, or it may be de- 
scrilied indeed as being somewhat si- 
milar to the human nose, projecting 
from the lofty plain above, and sloping 
gradually downwards to its base. 

This elevated spot is about five miles 
from Bath (Aoua Solis or Sulis), and 
is nearly in a direct line between this 
city and Abury; not indeed within 
sight of Bath, but directly in view of 
that lofty conical mound-like eminence 
risine above this city on the eastward, 
which is still so singularly called 
" Little Salisbury* or Sulisbury," and 
which probably bore formerly the same 
religious relation to the Temple of Sol 
(Apollo) at Bath, as the lofty eminence 
of Old Salisbury did to the venerable 
temple of Stonehenge in the plain be- 
low. 

Caesar says of our ancestors, *' Deum 
roaximi Mercnrinm colunt, hujus sunt 
plorima simulacra,'* and I cannot but 
think, on this brow of Kingsdown-hill 
formerly must have stood one of the 
" plurima simulacra" of Caesar, point- 
ing with his caduceus towards the 
" stupendous and mysterious temple of 
Abury," not merely serving for •• a 
guide over the hills and trackways,*' to 
those travelling from a distance to wor- 
ship at this great temple, but that it 
was itself particularly the object of ve- 

• See *' Hermes Brittnnicus/' by the Rev. 
W. L. Bowles. 



Box, near Balft, fPitti. 



fatioit and wonhip of a Briiiih lel- 
ueat in lh« valley bcnealh, ihe 
lembcn of wlikh wrre induced lo >c- 
t (hii ipoi, iioi only Tor iia tialuml 
■uliri, butt] being [lartitrularly under 
e pfouel'mjt shadow or the " Simii- 
Uum" of ilieir greaiesi god, erccicd 
t the FmincDCc ibove ihEin, which 
t uiyMcriouily poiiiiing (owardi 
( gteftl nalioiial Iciii|iIg at Abury, 
^Honlly dirccte<l aiicniion lo ih>i«E 
ibliine and awful truths of which 
lie tymholical temple (as conjecluied 
f Nlr. Uowlei] was very probubly iu- 
.nded to be the viilble ligii or Dionu- 
MttuI ttcord, 

I, Ha* thia ipot ever been pointed out 
^ Ibe learned auihor nf Hemiei Bri- 
iwf Ifiiot, wlieiijournevingthal 
t»J, let him inquire (as he diil reBpeci- 



wtut i> the u 



r of thai singular 

reply from the vilbgcrj 

IfiII be {perhaps equally as gratifyinB ai 

b the fornier occasioii) — " It ii called 

li-nrg-hill." The lerininalion itey 1 

hppow merely describe* the niial 

^pe of this eminence, and I beltrve 

ikliquarii:* have observed, where na- 

~ibI hill* have been selected by our 

^n ancciiDrs for religious uurpoics, 

nlwayi found to be of llili de- 

, Bi being nioil similar to ilie 

tUDunds Ihey more frequently 

Wicw up for their iclijiiou* rile*. 

L The •■ Egyptian Thoih, Thot, or 

the PlitEnician Taauiusor Tame ; 

>reci*n Herine*; the Roman Mer- 

tan; the Teulates of ihe Celts (»a 

nlled by Lucan frnm the Ccllic Uu 

Ulilh, lSeu*Taauio»), are universally 

'oitied, lay* Mr. Bowles, lo be the 

~e," and to the eeremonies of this 

II ^od of iheancirnt*, so universally 

reifhipped, wa* this eminence (over- 

ioking the valley of Box} undoubledly 

nitcatcd ; for its name, handed down 

il ha* been from generation lo geiie- 

'~~\, plainly indicalei here formerly 

have stood " a limulacliruni of 

real Celtic god Taui or Toi," the 
object of religious ailoraiion of 
ir British ancestors ; and Mr. Bowles 
mher lells us, wherever the name 
* Toil is found in Englnnd. in 
Bnent we may diKOver Drtiidicol re- 
Win*. 
' Thit now verdant valley, sncienily 
nerable woods, must 
'c been by nature indeed well adB|>icd 
B the rural ceremonies of Celtic wor- 
POiRT, Vi»a. Srjitrmlrr, 1830. 



ship ; and several consideratioDi in. 
duce tne to ihink that the spot where 
now the iiarish Church is buili, was 
formerly ihe site of other worship in 
time* gone by. I must now only men- 
tion {ai connected wilh the Roman rif 
mains) that beside the Church bunts 
out a fltie stream of water of iradlliunal 
excellence — probably " (he sacred 
Druidical iprin^ so iuiimatcly connect- 
ed wilh ihe Celtic worship of the god 
Tom." The Romans finding ihechief 
gad of the Britons to be the same with 
their Mercury, and that thia "sacred 
spring'' was consecrated by Celtic rile* 
(u ilicir own God, would esteem it 



vilhK 






□una, lo be supplii^d from this " holy 
well," would by fl people so much at- 
tached ID the luxury of balhing.'bc 
quickly eteiiled ; and indeed jeveral re- 
mains of Itoman baths, and beautiful 
Iciselbted paveuienU, have at different 
limes been discovered, ond some even 
lately, adjoining ihis very spot. 

The earliest Chtistiun Miulonaries 
in this island (in deference probably 
to the prejudices of their new con- 
verts) always selected Pagan sites for 
preaching, and for their Chapel* spots 
esteemed sacred by the Bttions.ag hav- 
ing been long coniecraled to their more 
ancient Horahip. It is the general be- 
lie ft hat Weslininster Abbey was found- 
I'd on a p3-!an sitei and indeed the 
name of Tot-hill fields atljoiuinf;, give* 
u great probability to the supjMsition. 
Tot.hill was probubty an artificial 
nioiind, near the present site of the 
Abbiy. J, M. 

Mr. Ursan, Sept. I. 

ON 3 recent visit lo ihe Church of 
Kiucsiou upon Thame*, I found 
an ep'iapTi to the late Mr. Justice 
Ilaidinge and his patents, which I 
think has nnt hitherto appeared iit 
print, but which those who have pe- 
ruled hi* conlribulions to Ihe tirti two 
volume* of Nichol*'* *' Illustralions of 
Lileralure,'' and his memoir In the 
third volume, will be gratified to *ee 
published. It appear* to have been 
adopted in lieu ot ihe Latin epitaph 
by br. Knoi, there printed, p. 108. 

It will be remembered, tltat Mr. 
Justice Hardinge'a brollier (father of 
the gallant Capl. Nicholas Hardinae, 
and of the preient Rev. Sir Charles 
Ilardinge, Ban. and Sir Henry Hard- 
inge, K.C.B.)\vat tot M«atNtM*N\tM 



ne 



Epitaphs at Ku^sitm on Thamei, 



Pept 



George, the patron ind lord of the 
minor. 

The epitaph appears on a mural mo- 
nument on tne north side of the chancel 
of Kingston Church. At its tou are 
the arms of Hardinge, impaling Pratt. 
At bottom the arms of Hardinge, with 
the honourable augmentations, granted 
ia consequence of the senrices of Capt. 
Geo. Hardinge, R.N. 

Nicholas HAaoiNos, Esq. Patron of this 
Cfaorcb, Lord of the Maoor, and Recorder 
of KiogftoD, was bom in 1 700| and eilucated 
■I Eton school. Emboed with clasiieal li- 
titMars, celebrated for his Latin verses, 
•ad highly esteemed for bis public and pri- 
inle worth. He died in 1758, in the 58th 
jaw of his age. 

He married Jane Pratt, daughter of Sir 
John Prstt, Chief Juitice of England, and 
sister of Charlee Earl Camden, Lord High 
Chaacellor. She lived to bless his children 
through a long period of honour to hertelf, 
and happiness to them, and died in the 90th 
yaar or ner age. 

Their eldat son, George Hardinob, 
was bom in 1744, alio educated at Eton, 
md an excellent scholar. He was succes- 
sively Sollcitor>geoeral and Attorney-sene- 
nl to the Queen, a Member of the Houw 
of Commons, and Chief Justice of Breck- 
aodc, Radnor, and Glamorgan. Hia elo- 
quence at the Bar and in tiie Senate was 
conspicuous ; and at the Seat of Judgment 
he was dignified. He was active, zealous, 
persevering, benevolent; and by his bceasaot 
exertions, a powerful friend. Adorned with 
Attic wit, various in accomplishmeots, he is 
deeply deplored. He died in 1816, in the 
7<d year of his age, and is buried in this 
chancel, near to his fiarents. 

Another remarkable monument in 
the same Church, is to a cousin of the 
late and present Earl of Liverpool. 
In ibrm it represents a sarcophagus, 
placed under an ancient flat arch, in 
the south wall of the south chancel. 

<( Near this place lie the remains of Lieut.- 
Colonel George Jeukinson, C. B. third son 
of John Jenkinson, Esq. brother of Charles 
first Earl of Liverpool { bom 94th Feb. 
1789, died SI March, 182.3. Early in life 
he entered into the Ro^ral Artillery, and was 
immediately employed ou active service in 
Hdknd. He served five years in Snain 
under the Duke of Wellington, at whose 
recommendation he was promoted to the 
rank of Lieut.- Colonel. Brave, open, and 
generous, he gained the love of his friends, 
and the esteem uf the army. Amidst the 
temptations and vicissitudes of the military 
proraision, he maintained a steady and oni- 
Turm course of Christian conduct, and during 
a loD^ and painful illneM, which terminated 
At0 iiifip, he derived /rom teligion that sup- 
/wr/ mm/ comfort which reUgloix alooc can 



impart, and aoet the awM wwmnuma iridi 
resignation to the will oC QoA^ and hnasblo 
confidence in hb Beri^v through Um nserifei 
of the Redeemer, lliie tablet is erected 
to his memorv by his surviving brothers, m 
a testimony of tfayeir affectbn and esteem." 

This Lieut. -Colonel Jenkinaon is 
itated in Debrett's Peerage to have 
been mortally wounded at Talavera in 
I8O9. That appears to have been the 
fate of his younger brother Robert- 
Henry, in Egypt, 1801. His '* sur*- 
Tiving brothers'* are Charles Jenkin- 
aon, Esq. formerly M. P. for Dover, 
and the present Bishop of St. David's, 
the latter of whom is probably the au- 
thor of the foregoing epitaph. The 
former (according to Debrett) is un- 
married ; the Bisnop married a cousin 
of Sir Samuel-John-Brooke Pechell, 
Bart, and has issue, on which, should 
the present Earl of Liverpool leave no 
son, the ancient Baronetcy belonging 
to the Jenkinson family will devolve. 

1 will add a few other modern epi- 
taphs, put up since the publications of 
Bray and Lysons. 

In the Bishop's Chapel is the follow- 
ing memorial to a late worthy incum- 
bent, of whom you gave a character in 
Tol. LXxxvi. ii. p. 184 : 

" Sacred to the memory of the late 
Oeorgi Savage, M.A. many years Vicar of 
this parish cum Richmond, and Rector of 
the united parishes of St. Mary Aldermary 
and St. Thomas the Apostle, in the City of 
London. He was bom 99th of July, 1 760, 
and died on the fi7th of the same month, 
in the year 1816. By the suavity of his 
manners, the serenity of his temper, and the 
natural candour of his disposition, he nined 
the love and esteem of bis numerous fiends 
and connexions; and by his benevolence 
and kind attentions to their temporal and 
spiritual wants, the affection and high regard 
a bis parishioners. He was deeply learned, 
but modest and unassuming ; genuinely 
pious, condescendini^, and unaffected; sin- 
cerely desirous faithfully to discharge his 
pastoral duties { but totally free from all li^ 
temperate xeal. 

<* In testimony of her unfeigned attach- 
ment to the departed, and poignant sense of 
the much -to- be- lamented loss which she lus 
susuined, as well as to perpetuate the re- 
membrance of his many virtues, his afflicted 
widow caused this tablet to be erected.'* 

On a mural tablet, with a small fe- 
male figure represented rising to hea- 
ven; — placed against the eakt eud of 
the South chancel : 

'* Sacred to the memory of Frances, 
wife of Major-General W. H. Blackford, 
who died at Ham, 3anuar) <l\tVai7, aged 



1830.] 



Dniid't Hook. — Romsei/ Oiuri^h, 



■ad"" 



uicL li 



'Died b;p her liuihuDd 
cbildrea Tiir her kffeciHiiuM >(- 
her Full il jr." 

.vol one in ihe chancel : 
tnthc meinary uC Miti Hunniih 
lir, (Idcit (Iiughter i>f the Hielit Ho- 
Me Sir John S<ael<iir, B>rt. ud of 
.h MiUIukI, bit firtt olfB, who departnd 
lifEMiyaa, isiB, i^Hlsa jeiri." 
bane finulifd mT cuune, 1 bxn keiii the 
liith.'-— S tiu. i». 3. 
a mural lablel on the west wall 
chnocel ; 
Smti to tU« nicmoij uf EdiDuod 
. Eti|. long ■ nipccud mtiiliitanl of 
puiih, who died i!i« I lih uF Oclolier, 
n, drtplj UtoBbtBd bj 
idi. Hi> reuuint wen 



Youn, tic. 



J. G. N. 



r. Urban, ffincbeilir, /Jug. 3. 

I llie Iwclfih volume of ArchsM- 

p logia, p. 414, ii ileicribed, and in 

.fil, r, 8, reitrcscQiei], a sitiiilcr in- 

MinEOt of brats, reaembling goltl, 

koul IE inchn in lengili, lapering to 

lUiidtr poinl, wheie ii is curved; it 

*"-^ ■ little near (tie haniilc, wbicll 

I at thai end with a knob, in- 

JMing a piece of amber. A bitle be- 

~~ I ibe iwclling pact are the rcmaint 

n eye, which when perfect scried 

(1 probably to aiiBcb il (o a ribband. 

_. i*twa* fount) near the river Fowey 

K Cornwall, in fathoms under ground, 

~ the boltom of a mine, and wn) lup- 

•ed to be a Dcuid'g hook used tor 

hiheting miileiee.* In oddiiion to 

M abofe, 1 hrg leave to nhscrve that 

I the Veinsia Monumenta, tbr first 

', mid tile lost plale, is an en- 

nving, which represents a meEting 

If the person* belonging to the Court 

if Wards and Dclivenes.-f silling round 

« (able. In the middle is probablj ihe 

l^nMident. or master of Ihe Court j anil 

— • --^ hhn, on his right, a person 

„ io hi* hand, what appears lo 

[be an in»trument similar lo ihut above 

■ • Sm Winy, N«. Hiit. li. svi. e»p. **, 
~* re ttia taidthu the printeutdie inisla- 
rilb a guides iiouk oi bill {fiilcv 

\g Iwdge, lieicig iHffeclIji rouod the 

iWltDgth. 

t Tilii Cmn eiitltd till the jreu IGGO, 

a pelpenml ««tiie oo ale, bttr, Sic. 

itcted hiF Parlianieot, oo a eginmuH- 

[i q>uU>n. fi>r lJ>c aUiiioii ol 

aaftlMt tail Limirt. 



mcniloned, foond in Cornwall, and 
which we may conjecture lo be a bad;^ 
of ofTice, ihough in the letler-press au 
tending the engraiing, no mentitin i> 
made of the citcumslance. 

Should any of your Correspondenli 
be able to reconcile the above circam- 
.lances, 1 shall be much obliged. 

In your last Supplement, p. 580, 
are olnervaiion* on Romsey Church, 
and mention made of the choir; that 
it is "ceiled and painted wilh dragons 
and saints ( the former being ihe hadge 
of ihc Tudor family, marks ihe period 
of ils ereclion.'' 1 beg 10 obsene, 
that the painted ceiling of the Com- 
munion ciiancet eontaitis the poricuU 
lis, supported on each side by a dta* 
goD, repealed al lean 41) limes in com- 
partmenis alicrnaie vrilb the rose, or 
rather rows o( each. On the N. and 
S. ihc ceiling Is covered for a liule way 
with represenlaiions of saints and mar- 
tyrs, but greatly obliieraied ; likewise, 
ill the middle of ihese, on each side, 
the arms of England, surmounted by 






miire in (he olbet. 1 am al a loss lo 
account for the portcullis bring sup- 
ported by a dragon on boih sides, as 1 
nowhere recoiled to have seen the 
tlrsgoD occupying more ihan one side 
as a snppnrier. Should any of your 
Correspondenls he able lo set me lo 
rights in this particular, I shall of 
course be thankful. 

One of Ihe Corporaiion Seals of 
Romscy represents a poricullis i ihe iu- 



fRA, 1678. 



J. L. 



Mr. llBBAM, 

AT a period when 



Sepl. 6. 
ibc education of 

lellectual improvement of society ge- 
nerally, engage the allcnlion of the 
most eminent men of ihe age, and at a 

teriod when ignorance in those who 
ave had the advantages of a liberal 
education is justly iligmatised and re- 
proached ^ it does appear to me to be 
a circumstance most singular and ex- 
traordinary, that the (brmt and expres- 
sions of our own (the English} lan- 
guage, should not meet wilh greater 
aileolion, and llieir cotrectiiets and 
proprieiy be more fully estimated, than 
they are at the preaciil time. U \» 
amongst the TOtdu\e c\au<ct o^ »ot»t\«i 
lliat this unpudunaVAe ^twe^^A 






uimon tiilt» ot ftww**"* "■** ^^^J 



ns iHaccuraeUi of Contenationj'^AMtiqMiiim at CUekstter. 



fmw and coastraction of words, is 
most glaringly exhibited. It can bat 
arise from one of two causes* via. care- 
lessness or indifierence, or an absurd 
ambition of being thought eccentric. 
Which of these two motives more ge- 
nerally prevails, I will leave to your 
astuteness, Mr. Urban, to decide. But 
of this I am quite certain, that if it is 
the latter, we are all by nature suffi- 
ciently ^i^ed with that enviable cha- 
racteristic to require any foreign or ar- 
tificial aid. To those who profess to 
tet little value on an intimate acquaint- 
ance with their mother tongue, and 
who view it as unimportant compared 
with aihorough knowledge of the Ro- 
man, Greek, and modern languages, 
may be ceded the credit, if any, of con- 
forming to a very general opinion ; but 
it cannot be denied that they are la- 
mentably deficient in those valuable 
ingredients in the human character, 
cwmmon tenter and a sound judgment 
lite just thinker and risht obser^'er, 
however, will always be itelingly alive 
to the importance of the mother 
tongue, and will not be led away by 
the prevalence of ridiculous fashion, 
or be influenced by a foolish affecta- 
tion of thinking differently from other 
gK)ple. To purify and improve ihe 
nglish language ought to be the ob- 
ject of every true patriot; and it surely 
cannot be said that such an object is 
iinworihy the notice and pursuit of 
ihe man who can conscientiously and 
deservedly bear so honourable a dis- 
tinction. The gross and barbarous 
modes of pronunciation, and glaring 
vulgarisms, which mark the con- 
versation of those to whom the terms 
ignorant and uneducated would not 
be strictly applicable, should be care- 
fully guarded against, and I know of 
no oetier means of eflfecting that end, 
than by pointing out upon paper, to 
those who are in the habit of using 
them, a few of the most common and 
obvious errors and inaccuracies of 
speech by which our ears are so fre- 
quently assailed. 

Thus we continually hear of the 

largeMi half, as if a half could consist 

of any thing more or less than an equal 

moiety of a whole. Bor/h for *• both,*' 

kiiile for "kettle," frii for "get," 

Rume for "Rome," Jemes for "James," 

reasons for " raisons ;" these three last 

errors and others of a similar kind are 

ofientr the result of a fleets t ion than 

%oonnee. Si'/ for " sit, " oiilegisif^ for 

"Migiog/' £dard for ••Edward." 



To ^ away, or letve fm gMd , is a fa« 
vourite expression when leaving a 
place altogether, or giving np anj 
thing entirely, or for ever» \s intendeu. 
The best pari is not aDcommooly sub- 
stituted for the "greater** or the" larg- 
est part," as if the former necesaariiy 
included the latter. Gravarmen for 
"gravamen;** by the way, this latter 
word, which ts synonymous with- 
" gut,** is not to be foaitd in any of 
the editions of Johnson's Dictionary.* 
The Church on Snow-hill, called St. 
Sepulchre's, and the ac^ective mis- 
chievous, we hear pronounced long 
instead of short. Ptni for " point," 
sperils for " spirits." j«/ for "just," 
and toe teas for "we were," are of- 
fences against the King's English com- 
mitted dailv. 

These, Sir, are a few of the ble- 
mishes in conversation, which the most 
casual observer of men and things can- 
not fait to have noticed, and in my 
humble opinion they cannot be too 
strongly and too frequently deprecated. 
Yours, &c. G. W. 

Mr. Urbav, Chichester, Sept, g, 

YOUR valuable Magazine having 
for many years served to record 
notices of such local antiquities as may 
contribute towards the topographical 
history of any 'particular County, I 
make no apology for troubling you (at 
the desire of a friend^ with the follow- 
ing memoranda relative to Sussex. 

In the month of September 18 J Q, 
whilst the workmen were employed 
-in digging out the soil of a field called 
Palace Field, in this city, for the pur- 
pose of forming a basin for the Canal, 
a considerable number of remains of 
Roman pottery, of various forms and 
sizes, together with some hand-mills, 
apparently used for grinding corn, a 
^lass vessel of a square shape, inclosed 
in lead, and containing ashes, and a 
variety of other curiosities of a similar 
nature, were brought to light. But the 
most remarkable discovery was made 
by one of the workmen striking his 
snade against a coarse earthen urn, 
aoout two feet from the surface, which 
was broken by the collision, and proved 
to contain above 7OO silver Roman im- 
perial coins, in the finest state of pre- 

* The Mine observation applies equally 
to the word gist itself; perlups yoa, Mr. 
Urb«n, or some of yoar niiiDeroas Corre- 
tpoodenu, can (utVAUk M«a cx^kaation on 
inis poini. 



18Sa] Romm Co iHf /ound at Ckiehetier. — Earlg Law Booki, 889 



Wrvaiinn, but incfusled in lumps by 
ihc ariigo fotmed on the exterior. 
Near the urn wsi also found a ikele- 
' KMi, ihe skull and tetlh of which were 
[ Mrfccily miind, nnd by it the iron 
I neail or a Roman spear, anil the tutk* 
nimal not aH;friained, about 
SJ tnchei long. Tbcie circuiiiiiances 
I «*ould •eem lo wjrranl the conjtclure, 
that here ivere dcpoiitcd ihe remains 
' • PrsEiotian officer of rank. The 
ns in qitniion coniprehcndeil a se- 
I of ihe follpwiiig Emperori and 
t iheir consoiis, \it, I. Vupailan, 3. 
l.Ooiliilian, 3. Ncrva, 4, Trajan, 5. Ha- 
f-drian, 6. Sabina, 7. X,\\a» Verui, 8. 
Anloninus Piii.<, g, Fauitino the El- 
der, 10. M. Aureliui, and 11. Pau»- 
linA (he Younger; — ot from A,D. Gg 
f 10 A.D. 180. 

. Of these the grealcf nnniberwcrc of 

I D<itnitian,Tr.->i.in. Hadiian, and Faui- 

[ .tinaihecldrr- Of Vi-spniaii there were 

1 bot fonnd above five or six, anil of 

^erraicTcnoreiahL On!; threeofSo- 

lo inyknowledge, re». Con- 

X'nrcSd. OfFatntina the Younpcralnut 

It'tfx or se>in, rev. Fmui ,- and of JEliu* 

T.«lly one, rev. Concordia, Coi. 11.-^ 

\ With regard lo ilie varielies of revcrsei. 

Pi noliced of Dnmitian above 15; of 

Pl!»dti«H abote 50; of Trajan nearly 

! namhen of Aotoninus Plui 

tbont te; and of FaiiBilna the Elder 

ahoullrn. The most remarkable and 

finelt iCTenes were: Uomilian (Pal- 

ta'laa ilani),* rcry common i Princepi 

\Juvnliilu CCami sup. tell.) Hadrian, 

ral. Aug. III. (two different im- 

pre»Jtans)i lialia; NtlJti ; Africa ; Bti- 

Bbma; itrsiiiui. Hiipania i Beililul. 

pallia 1 Romulo Ceadilorij Pittas, 

Uid (Hercules nudus apnliit iiKitlrna.) 

TrajaD, Partkico, &c. (Cap. Orienl. 

^%iA.)yiaTr(ijana; Arab. Adij; Alin. 

pja/. and Divus Paler. Anioiiinui, 

Out I. Italia i Geniut Pop. Ro- 

; (^uluien iU|>. all.) (Duo dextr. 

QhiicL cum eaducco et tpicit) (Miil. ii. 

, circa mmni volyitur ailgoii) 

I. od alL SI, d. sTinpni tiiin, s. palla- 

11.} Famiina, Elder. Conmratioi 

on [teginie ; nnii /Eirrnilas. 

■ Therteaier pari of these coins were 

" f by the workmen to Mr. 

iirncior for iheCansl.al the 

Eiodcrale sum of 6/, and were subse- 

Equenily relaiird by him at Ii., 9j., and 

Si. Sd. each. At present, ilie linen of 

tbe whole number, selected with cnii. 

• The minU >riil];o hrmcieta ar< deierip- 

tiH e/ tba Bguiet OB the rmrte, tJia wo/Jt 

■h /uliet dcBute tlie kgeodi. 



■ideralile care, are in the posseiiion of 
agenlleinar) resident at Portsmouth. 

In addition to the abore discovery, 
in the course of the year ISS4, about 
six miles sonih of Chichester, nn 
ploughing in a field In the township 
of Earnly, wai found an eailhen urn, 
containing about SQO silvei Roman sil- 
ver coini, in tine gireservatlon, of the 
following Emperors, from A.D. EIS, 
to A.D. 21)7. viz. I. Elagabalut, 2. 
Gordian Itl., 3. Philip the Elder, 4. 
Olacilia Seven, 5. Decius, 6. Etrus- 
cilla. r.Gallus, 6. Voluiian. g. Vale- 
rian n., 10. Mariniana, II.Gallienui, 
IS. Salonina, IJ. Valerian 111., and 
13. Posihumu!. Of Caracalla only 
two were discoTered, rev, Providtn- 
lia Dforunt and Laelitia Pop. ; and 
of Matiniana I have only seen one, 
rev. Contrcratio. Tbe more remark- 
able reverses of the others were ihesc: 
Gurdian, Securiiai Aug. (ihulicr st. 
d. libram s. cornucop.) Valerian. 
Orieiii Augg, (several of these), and 
Jooi Creicenti. Galllenui, Gerniani- 
cui Maxu. ftno different impressions) 
and Fid. Gtrmanica. SalonJoa, Venus 
yiclrij! and f'mui Felix. Posihumufi, 
Mere. Deutotiienii. 

The largest propoTlion of these coins 
ii now also in the cabinet of a genllC' 
man resident at PorUmouih; whose 
collection possesses many valuable Eng' 

lions within the county of Hampshire 
and Ihe Isle of Wight, a notice of 
which, if desirable, 1 may probably be 
able to procure you. X. Y. 



Mr. Urban. Sepl.g. 

IT is very curious to remark, that wc 
have no distinct data of the precise 
period at which any Law Treatise was 
written. If we may credit the san- 
guine testimony a( some old chronolo- 
gers," about 441 years B.C. Alaluin- 
oius Dunvallo, M. or Dovrhant, wrote 
two books upon the Laws of the Bri- 
tons, I. " Municipalia;" S. " I^ges 
Judiciarlie." 356 years B.C. Mercia 
Proba, Queen and wife of King Gwin- 
lelim, composed a treatise upon the 
Laws of England, in the Btilitb tongue, 
termed " Merch en lea." 87! years A.D. 
Alfred, King of the West Faxons, com- 
piled a work called *' Brcriarium quod- 
dam, quod compuguit eiuliversis legi* 

* Glldu Oimiiui, Tllbutieniii. Gulf at I 

Mnnmouth, Williun of UliAmttAiui>jsVu\\. I 
dpre V»rEil,HKiraK,C»Mon.V'K'»'«*- I 
l«i.. Sir EdoMii O.V*. V'leW*, V*«. I 
termed, nar' i5"/,i', TW Rev«^>*. "J 



930 



Account of Earlj/ Law Books. 



bus TrojanoruDiy Graecoram, Britan* 
noram, Saxonum, el Dacoruin.*' 635 
yean A.D. Sigabert, or Sigesbert^ Ori- 
entalium Angforum Rex, wrote, term* 
ed " Legum Instituta ;** and King Ed- 
ward the Confessor (who began his 
rei^ A.D. 1041) composed a work 
entitled " Ex immensd legum conserie, 
qoos Britanni, Romani-Angli, et Daci 
oondideruuty optima qussque selegit, ac 
in unaro coegit, quam vocari yoluit 
legem communem.'* 

After the Conquest, Henry II. com- 
piled a treatise * on the Common Law 
and ** Statutes " of England, divided 
into two lomes, and entitled, 1. '* Pro 
Republic^ Leges ;" 2. •• Statuta Rega- 
lia.^ The next works that we have 
are in the reign of Henry III. 1. 
Bracton's Tractate. S. Gianville de 
Legibus. And we have a few other 
Treatises before the Year Books, which 
commence in the reign of Edw. HI., 
some of which, though broken, yet of 
the best kind, are in the library of 
Lincoln's-inn. 

The 6rst Law Book was Littleton's 
Tenures,t probably published by the 
learned Juage himself, at the press of 
J. Letton and W. Machlinia, anno 
148 1,{ resno Edw. IV. This edition 
has no title, numerals, or catch-words. 
The type is barbarous and broken ; and 
the text is crowded with abbreviations. 
Of ihis edition there are supposed to be 
Jfve copies; 1. in the Public Library 
at Cambridge ; 9. in the Library of the 
Inner Temple; 3. in Earl Spencer's 
Library ; 4. in the possession of Mr. 
Johnes; 5. in the Library of the Right 
Honourable Thomas Grenville. There 
is a fine copy in the King's Library at 
the British Museum, and which was 
undoubtedly printed at London by Let- 
ton and Machlinia, as will be seen 
upon a reference to a note subscribed 
at the end. 

The next edition was probably that 
of Machlinia, who was then living 
at Fleet Bridge, according to a note 
at the end. The letter in this edition 
is less rude, and more like the modern 
English blackletter than the letter used 
in the former edition. The different 
chapters or sections commence with a 
blank space for the illumination of the 
capital letters, which is printed in a 

* In the Red Book in the Exchequer, 
f «*Tbe Origin of Printing," 39, 40.— 
Ames's Hist. Typography, Herbert and 
JHhdia 'a edit has, 

• / ZV. Middleton's Accowxt of Printing 
iaJSagkad. 



[Sept. 
It baa 



small character at one comer, 
no numerals or catch wonk. 

The editions by Pyntoo are five in 
number, 1st. folio, 15 16; Sd. daod€>- 
cimo, 15S5; 3d. sextodecimo ; 4th and 
and 6th, folio, and without dates. 

Sir Edward Coke,* Dugdale,t and 
Bishop Nicolson, % conjecture that 
the first edition was "at Rouen in 
Normandy, by William de Taillier, ad 
instantiam Richardi Pinson, the printer 
of Henry VIH. ;'* and that it was first 
printed about the S4tb year of Henry 
VH I. anno 1633. But the fact of the 
former edition being printed bjf Letton 
and Machlinia, who were printers in 
the reign of Edw. IV. fully shows the 
precedence, in point of time, to be due 
to their joint impression. 

It is important to remark that there 
are at the Public Library two ancient 
manuscripts § of the Tenures extant in 
the University of Cambridge. The 
first is imperfect at the beginning, and 
in the chapter on warranty. It is writ- 
ten on vellum. The second is on paper, 
and only the second leaf is torn. This 
MS. has the following passage i — IsU 
Uber emfius Juit, in ccemelerio S*ti 
Pauls, London, ftjtk die JulH, anno 
regit E» AH SOmo. 10^. 6d. i. e. 
temp. Littleton, July, SO Edw. IV. 
anno 1481. The year before his death. 

I am induced to hope that some of 
the Correspondents of the Gentleman's 
Magazine can throw further light upon 
this interesting subject. Such inqui- 
ries are always productive of advantage 
to the community. Peritiores vetustas 
Jkcii. — Cic. pro Domo sud. 

Yours, &c. Templar ins. 

R. S. remarks, " Many of your readers 
have^ with myself, I dare say, supposed the 
lines,— 

' A man that fights and runs an ay, 
May live to fight another day,' 

which we often hear quoted in conversation 
— «re from Hudibras ; and I have known se- 
rious bets lost on their being Butler'a. Nei- 
ther in Butler, nor in the writings of any 
otlier Poet, could I ever find the couplet ; 
and I suspect it has been popularly rhymed 
from a prose passage in Bishop Jeremy Tay- 
lor's Great Esempiar, edition 1649, p. 103 : 
* In other cases it is true that Demosthenes 
ssid in apology for his own escaping from 
a lost field, A man that runs away may 
fight again.' " 

* Fourteenth edition. Tit. Grarrao^, 5. 

f Origincs Judlciales. 

^ H\stonca\ iiibi«yr|» 

§ MaxVedB,d.\\.^^.^*m.^<i. 



0.] I 231 ] 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



B Eihlha Rrgii EJguri Jilia 

ai Him An^UcHm. E cadict unuia 

' MuKto Brilannieo aimnalo, 

in lutrm dJifum.- oiri Gu- 

i Black ,- lumpfifru* Ricardi 

■tl Hoare. Lanilini : lijpii NlchoUianii. 

I. pp. 141. 

\ among our wiceitors was 

adopted as a vehicle of ilii- 

jlajiDg what wc call poevical merit, 

"" It an arrangemenl of words which 

i music or singin;;, or served For 

rtiticial memory. Of vene wiil- 

„ilh the latu. inleniion we iiill 

1 potable exemplar* in Propria qine 

hut, and As in pntien/t; and even 

le Alieceilary ii*elf, for "A was 

cchtr and shol at 3 ftoR." It was 

Uiactice of the eatlieai tiaies ; for the 

leuni {ay» ^lian) made their laws 

' I lotig*, for belter publicity anil 

t ttrnieiiibmnc* ; nor do we iloubt 

ilX the Metrical Chronicle before 

IM written with the view of being 

! ple»ianlly read, »ai<l, or sung, 

I pafiiilly 3t least col by heart by 

r imni of Wilion for their greater 

Plication. 

Mr.BbcV ill ihe preface has given 

n exctUeni criiiciam on the derccis 



y such ihing. It was a mere pn- 

t concern of the author. To tell 

g iioriei and recite Chronlrles was 

n acconiplibhinent and a (ire- 

^loent. Men of talents or 

I, who have liveil much in 

,y. milurally become raconleuri in 

y latteful uble-tatk alvle, and lo 

eaiae we ascribe the huntour of 

,cer ind the piciuresqiic of Frois- 

The aulhot before m. like many 

IS of his brclhteii, contemporary 

■I (Uccecdin^, was but a humdrum, a 

iH-meaning gwHl sort of pietisi, with 

*om Ulc deed was iniJifrcrinl, pro- 

idcd ihe will was g'fod. 

•Ffce tnbjcct n the life and miracles 
If Si, Eilith, We »hall therefore nar- 
e ihe ilory 



The Anglo-Saxon King Eilgar is as 
notorious in history as Jupilet in uiy- 
ihology, for deluding pretty girls ; and 
we make no doubt bui thai he came 
to the nunnery al Wilion, if not for 
plunder of ihii kind, at least for an 
ocular treat, probably for both. Upon 
Ihe King'* visit, }rUrud {Wulftida), 
ibe orphan daughter of a knight, was 
pul 10 read ihe TeifOQ usual during re- 
fection. Her voice was " myeldc and 
twele,'' and the King 
" An «ng»Iji voj> him thooght bit w»i, 
Aod loke up tliil uiBJ-dtn up|)OP, 
And for ill U«i vf jle he .ejHo licr ttee. 
A kjnr bjui thougt be iiwa new nan." 



Kingo 
let»o 



eilcd, and the love- 
her to be brought 
The girl, who has 

tin given 10 her, whether juuly 

or not, of being alarmed for her mo- 
deaiy, leiMit a nun"* veil, and appew- 
ed in this disguise. The subterfuge 
(for nuns were shorn) could noldeceive 
the amorous Monarch, who had ito 
doubt before noticed her hair ; and ex- 
claiming, " How soon jou have been 
made a nun!" he lore off the veil, the 
maiden stubbornly resisting. Malmei- 
bury will then have it, that allhougfl 
she was " cubili regio subaeia, pariu 
explicito voluplflii frequentanda: non 
inhxsit; sed dolult petius et sprcvtt, 

bratur.''* As, however, the King 
was subjected lo seven years" penance 
for his oulrage; and imetcourie was 
thus ptcvenied, a virtue might have 
been made of neeesiiiy. However thi* 
be, it is quite usual for women, disap- 
poinled in love, to turn devoieei ; aud 
she returned lo Wilion wilh her daugh- 
ter Edith, who becomes the heroine of 
this history. Such i high station she 
ap|>ears to have well deserved, accord- 
ing to the notions of those timei, with 
the exception of a natural feeling of 
her high birih, and a feminine vanity 
of wearing fine cloihei. When Saitil 
Klhelwold reproached her for it, she 
answered, Malmesborv says, 
inepli •— -f"-!l'-*« 'h> 



infacile,-' 



that God 



addiii 



n Malmesbury. 






Sd9 



Rbvibw.— >CAroiiicoii yUodunense^ 



[Sept. 



judged of men by their consciencet^ 
or, as our author says, by their actions, 
not their clothes, and being somewhat 
of a blue, she quoted Augustine, in 
proof of pride lurking under mournful 
filth, "insordibus luctuosis." "Where- 
fore 1 think (she proudly and royally 
added, with a pertness unusual in re- 
gard to a Bishop,) that a mind may be 
as uncorrupted under these golden rai- 
ments, as under your tattered pilches,*** 
For so we translate sub discissis pelli- 
hus. Our author says, (p. 30) that 
*' every mon desyred to see her semely 
ffikce, so that we may also conclude 
lier to have been pretty. Now it is 
well known that children brought up 
in monasteries with the purpose of 
being made monks or nuns, were so 
trained as to be fit for no other station. 
Her mother WoUrud took care to edu- 
cate her accordingly, probably with a 
•elfish object, that she might never be 
obliged to part with her ; and we are 
told that how Edith might have been 
Queen of France (p. 31), but would 
not, because her mmd had been so 
-deeply religionized. After premising 
that ne (from the original Saxon heo, 
ilia,) is throughout this poem used for 
she, we shall now give the successive 
details of her history. Every night 
after matins, " he chasteyssede hur 
body w^ displyning and many other 
afflictions.'* And m the morning, 

** When he had don' all hur s'vyse, 
-pt ought to be don wMnue the chirche. 
As gladsome as pawe be had com ought of 

padys.t 
Ha come forthe otlier thyngus to wyrclie.*' X 

This work was menial attendance on 
her sister nuns, and even the poor and 
beegars, the nuns very prudently con- 
sidering that subjection to such offices 
tended to abate presumption through 
high lineage; and our author stating, 
that in so doing she only imitated 

" Martha or Mary in herr soyng. 
To I'hu, Ooddis sone, Kyag of grace." 

She became by this means very popu- 
lar; and due advantage was not for- 
gotten to be taken of it by sundry 
thieves, who solicited her, when con- 
demned, to obtain a pardon for them 

* Though originally «« toga pellicea,*' 

wt have an old Dictionary which calls It '* a 

taoo2^ or fur garment, also a child's flan- 

a^l clout." According to sUnza 303, p. 

S4, Bdttb mesDt a *' rough goat nkin." 

f FMndise. I Work. 



from her royal father, which she often 
did I and our author adds, ^* led them 
from the gallowi.'* From hence our 
author proceeds to her amusements, 
which consisted of taming *'wyld 
bestes and folys (fowles) of flyght,** 
who would come, stand still, lye down 
at her call, and feed out of her hands. 
Of these her favourites were doves, be- 
cause they represented the Holy Spirit, 
though a particular regard was also ex- 
tendi to ravens, on account of the 
prophet Elias. (sic.) Among her ac- 
complishments were harping, singing, 
writm^, painting, workmg silk, em- 
broidering, inlaymg ^old on it, mak- 
ing tunicles, ana chesibles, embroider- 
ing mantles (copes) with gold, setting 
mitres with gems, and carving and 
paintine images ; all which she would 
do for the church only, not " fader ny 
brother.'* All these works she did, 

** FuU sotelyche w*owte ony wothe ;" * 
making any clamour of it. 

From hence our Chronicler pro- 
ceeds to her "v'tuose worchyng.'' 
This consisted in imposing upon her- 
self penance, delightmg to read and 
sin^ '''over her boke," fasting much, 
eatmg little, never failing to rise at the 
nightly service, lying on a hard board, 
instead of a bed, " ryght well ydyght,*' 
and wearing a hair chemise under royal 
clothing of a purple gown embroidered 
with gold outside, over the black dress 
of the order. All this, however, she 
could bear to lose with temper, for her 
maid having carelessly blown out a 
light, a snuff fell into the wychef 
(chest) where the clothes were kept, 
but " she set not by that leste a mote,'* 
possibly for the following reason. It 
so happened that a mantle furred with 
^rey, escaped undamaged, and this 
event beins magnified into a miracle 
which God had done for her, might 
have contributed to her equanimity. 
Miracles notv began to pour down fast 
upon her. A cunning rogue called 
Dan Benne, Canon of Treves, and 
one of her teachers, told her that there 
was in that monastery a "particull of 
a nayll " of one of those with which 
our Saviour was fastened to the cross. 
A particull of this particle, Edith and 
Woltrud her mother were anxious to 
obtain, and sent Dan Benne over to 

* Wothe, oath ? p. S3, pob is faeim- 
dia, clamor. See Lye. Rev. 

t H^hichti an ark or chest. Old Diet. 
Rev. 



liii Abbot, u'iih ihc enormous sum o( 
9000 fhillingH Tor a poriion of their 
-lanielr. h wm not lo lie tupposetl 
"*"H Mch B handsome offer wotild ftil, 
I Dan Benne duly relumed wiib 
e I- panic led jKiriicle, inclosed in a 
I of crynlal. Our honeit auihor, 
r, coDr«K«i that 







'■ a33 

uf her approacliing (liesolulion or not, 
i» not Mid ; but accordiiifl; to the cuiiom 
then in vogue, of rounding miuiolca, 
(he built a cliapcl lo St. Dealt, Tor hrr 
burial, and sooa sTlcr it waa done, 
" A porche m n»ds bjfprB thil chipell, 
bygodssvyM, 

W ihre Ijtull gtttt ofeotTjnp, 
The vluclia winon leltfl on croiie njie, 

W' thra cicBMi ^lio of t»gt gode pejad- 



"^^ 



also . 



d laid upon ihe 

L golden chalice. A 

proceeded ia iilc the nail, but 

e had gotten some part of it off, 

_jii1 began lo bleed into thechalice, 

glikc God'a wound«," ui.lil it wa> 

L tcjgt the mjU blnde 

the Bjriibupe ind thuM l(d>e> »ere lars 
■ ftrd >lto, full hit." 

oinrd bun' charnbun tiie; weut 
LThiinreoi convinced ihem thai the; 
^ done wrong, bul on the next morn- 
^ when ihcy went lo the ohar, thej 
^hoitd that all ihe blood had diiappear- 
_|d, that Ihe nlings were loldered on 
■^tD, and ihe nail as sound as before. 
Atbdwold then gave up hit point, bt- 
ClDie he taw that he was not wonby 
(o have any part of euch a relic. An- 
l^sther miracle follows, in which ahe 
Tro»e away a young child, who came 
t beg tome meat of her, by making 
""c aiga of the cioaa, from which eva- 
:e it it inferred, that be was 
vil tpirii, who came lo brinp; 
ifcate upon her. Her repula- 
p coMintied to increase, and thoueh 
J fttleen yetii old, the King her fa- 

MCh duly, and ■■ upon burc boke 
rede tod spell," piopotcd lo make 
r AUwM of Winchesier, Burking, 
I WilUin. To bim the olTered a 
Nolo Episco pari,*' but being urged 
^SatDi Adelwolde, " Durti not agvyn 
pade hurte godladrii best," Accnrd- 
^J ike undertook the ihree ofbcet, 
9 rode occaslunaliy in oversee mat- 
■, hiTing appointed (wo spiritual 
ttra.io be her vicegeietm dorms her 
The next light in which 
esit, is that of a prophetic 
', and at skilful an interpreter 
fJoagph. Whether she felt an; token) 



And Ibe ymt^t of Sejai Deals, nitb other 
J fsfr [Idoib. ma." 

With gold laJ uere, ud moDf , otli' co- 
It is then pretended that " God liym- 
self (meaning our Saviour)con)ecra ted 
the cha|>el, and ihat afterwards, 
" Wben Sayot Ddnitoni! »■• at bit muse, 

ijone ttut tbat holy iscryn^, 
A lenre duwii to hym T teod wiu 

Dj Sfjnt DiNvj from hevme Kyng. 
The isnour of the hlf wt, .olbely llTi.. 
Tint tone after tlic gend offowrt} dayet 

Mavde Enis body >ball dye and burre ionle 
fometoblyi, 
Add d-ell in herene ■> loBeli fn." 
Dunsian caused this letter to be en- 
graved on the aliar stone ; and our aii- 
ihor says, that it was to be seen there 
in his time. On the sevenlh djy before 

" Alffijgty God come from baveae ao beyg. 



blasphemy, 
lakeri from the Song of Solouioa, 
which we, with others, believe lo have 
been written upon the removal of his 
wife, Pharoah's daughter, from Zion, 
to the house which be had built for 
her, poiiibly thai she might not annoy 
him with jealousy of his " three score 
queens, and four score concubines, and 
virgins without iiunibeT"(vi.g]. Suchj 
at appears from this folly and others, 
hat been the use made of the cauiicje), 
that hoivever patiiarcbs!, oriental, and 
in |iBri> pociically beautiful are these 
erotics, we regret that they ever formed 
part "f the canon of Scripture. There * 
It not an allusion direct or indirect la 
religion in any part of them ; and a dis- 
loriinn of them to Chtiit and the 
Church, is, from the indelicate amatory 
ideas, an act of ditgustiog bad taste. 
To resume. After a warning by a most 
unpicturesqne dream, that an ox. wenv 
singing of hci apptoBicVvnj, itccw*, 
\.<%ita p«, vV\a(. v(a» •we*, fo* 



S34 



RiviiM% — Parliamenlary Writs, *e. Vol. If. 



[Sepr. 



wanning the water with which the 
washed herself; and another very ra- 
tional one, that she was bid in a tomb, 
and the said pot inelted down for her 
leaden coffin; her pet doves died and- 
denly, and soon after she herself at the 
early age of t^eotj-tbree. As her 
mourning mother was not however 
completely aatbfied concerning her fu- 
ture state». dfen . tppaared to herott the 
thirtieth dvf met her death, and told 
her that she had leMhed heaven, after 
a fruitless attempt to prevent it by the 
** enviyus feynie Sathanas/' a host of 
Iteels, officiating like a party of con- 
ttlblcS| having kept him off. 
' (Tob9^(mHnued.) 



Palgnve's Parliamentary ff^riU. FoL, IL 

(Continued from p. 188.) 

Mr. PALGRAVE observes, in his 
Preface, 

'* The saveral bandies of proxies coDt»in 
onlj one executed hj a temporal peer (part 
i. p. 267 1 no. 80,) but that one it of consi- 
derable importance from the fiurtt which it 
ettablUhet, viz. that a Peer might consider 
himself as bound to attend Parliament, al- 
though his name does not appear amongst 
the persons summoned ; and that he might 
appoint individuals not possessing seats in 
Parliament, as bis proxies, to appear on his 
behalf in that assembly.*' 

The Peer to whom this record al- 
ludes was John de VVarrene, Earl of 
Surrey, and his name does not appear 
in the writ of summons. The session 
was fixed for Nov. 1 6, but the Earl 
dates his letters patent, in which he 
appoints his proxies, from **Cha8tellon 
en Gale," on Nov. 28. He therefore 
was abroad, and could not be present. 
The writs of spiritual proxies seem to 
show that the permission to appoint 
these was only consequent upon ina- 
bility to attend ; for that the Peers were 
bound to come, is beyond doubt. In 
1233 the King summoned all his Earls 
and Barons to a Parliament at Oxford, 
but they refused ; and he ordered legal 
inquiry to be made by what means lie 
could compel them to attend, and it 
was judicially resolred that they should 
be summoned a second and a third 
time, ihat proof might be obtained 
whether they would come or not (M. 
Paris, p. 325, ed. Watts); and it is 
certain that all were expected to at- 
tend who were not abroad, or lived at 
a great distance, or were »ick ; for the 
hhtunan /lanicularizes the^e causes of 



exception, in a general Parliament of 
1248. (p. 6^.) Various instances in 
the work before us also show that sum- 
monses were not issued, as to persons 
who were abroad, but that they sent 
proxies instead ; and that they who 
were summoned unwillingly to attend 
public business were in the habits of 
transferring themselves ** minus pro^ 
ffidi, says a writ, to distant parts." 
(See our author, p. 43 or 4) ; and it 
further appears, that when the King 
was at Berwick in 131 1, he sent orders 
to one spiritual lord and four temporal 
peers to attend the Parliament, as 
charged with an especial message from 
himself (Apiicnd. p. 36), one of whom 
(John de Grey), not the others, is 
omitted in the writ of summons. (Id. 
p. 37*) Yet he was a Peer of Parlia- 
ment, and had been previously sum- 
moned (see the body of the work, pp. 
85, 37.) It is accordingly plain that 
the writs of summons are very loose 
documents, as to the proof whether 
Peers attended Parliaments de jure or 
de facto i for the omission might merely 
imply neglect, or an intimation from 
the Crown that their presence was 
not desired. 

With regard to the EarU (an oflTi- 
cial rank in early times), the attend- 
ance of them in Parliament seems to 
have been more indispensable than 
that of the Barons; for Matthew Paris, 
speaking of a Parliament held in 1242, 
says, that all the Earls were present, 
and almost all the Barons, ad manda- 
tum regis. — p. 615. 

We have read, as every body else 
has done, that representation, as to 
the Commons' house, grew out of de- 
legates deputed to act for the minor 
tenants in capite. But it is very fiossi- 
ble that the representation of the peo- 
ple was far more ancient than sup- 
posed, and was connected with the 
convocation of the Clergy in a lower 
house. In the year 1 187, when Henry 
the Second was King, the Commons 
was collectively styled populus, and 
classed with the lower house of convo- 
cation, thus, *' convocato clero regni et 
populo." (M. Paris, p. II9.) That 
both these bodies must have acted by 
representation, is clear ; and that they 
were (both bodies) summoned upon 
extraordinary emergencies in the time 
of Henry III. is also plain, from the 
same author, who uses the like phrase 
in other instances; as in the Parlia- 
ment of Westminster in 1215, "prae^ 



issa] 



RnviEW. — Parliamentartf tPritt, be. Fol. II. 



9S5 



viih ob- 



mtibu) t/rro el papula t 
mmionn." (Id. |>. B7S.) 
IkI itieee driutiory remarks 
nring, ihal in ihe wrils of summons. 
ke members of ihc upper hnu» are 
ittirornily dejignaled Pntlati. Mag- 
' ' I, el Procerri ; and ihoie of ihe 

T hnuw Mililci el 8urgenie$. 

r Bul we hive before shown ihat Bur- 

alwa;« deeme'l neces- 

; and il mny have been, ihst irt 

^cienl limes there was a constiiu- 

m*l necesjiijf for alio summoning 

ilni, tvhrn an imitocl was lo be uni- 

hIIjp impoied. but not otherwise. 

Ve tpeak, however, with due distrust 

~"n ihe suhjeci, because the word po- 

I may be made 10 refer, ihough 

t ihink ertoneuuslj, in the assent- 

y i>r (niliiary lEnanti hereafter mcn- 

'~in\. Il it in be recollected that we 

. e beeo treating of limes anterior 10 

K ballte of Eteshum, >nd subseqiicnt 

iign or Kdw.ird ihc FirtI, from which 

t pre»«it model of our p.irliameiiis ii 

tiumed lo lake d.-iie ; bul to far at 

.. represcQtaiive tyslem ii 

cemcd, ne eo not allow ii, because 

ord poputut, it ig impossible 

Jmi the whole nation can he mcani. 

' The next portion of this valuable 

is «r Ihe Writs ofMllllary 

■-SetTicc. We shall make a short ob- 

Mrvllion, with regard to forciRn irt. 

*ieei and ihen iramcribe Mr. P.il- 

grare't sccounl of them. 

it was cutlomary wiih ihe Kinfjs of 

Snf^and losend obnoxious noblemen 

hbtoad on tervice, cs]Kcially lo places 

B their foreign dominions, whieli wetc 

k had been recently afflicted with pes- 

«or disuse* Mr.Palgraiesays, 

"TU porlioD of tliB text reliting In oiili- 

'-- -"I be fnund lo inoluda, in ad- 

riu of aammani, &c. all thi 

ja wrlu whirli the Rolli la tha Trnnr 

vajf\j, and * eoniTileU leriei of ill the 

— - -'-ji a(tmj. Tlwieliro lut cluies 

"~ , ihouph diverge in nalure, 

ibrcd in coDJUDClinn. The 

a of Edw. II. u to be •Mviid u ti.e 

n period, whm the miliiwy unuras 

a lost thfit eflimcj, and • le" innde 

... .—jiglUe forOH ■»> ginerally idiipttd, 

jtVvAt •pcidll; drprived the barnDngs if 

*%(lt Inakt ehamcter, and viuud the gtnt- 

I'lD llKpalicjorthrrnW The 



i. It. (Pait 



, no. as), 1^ which 
DBS loni soldier ■•■• ehiir(;ed upon eveij 
(Dwoiliip tliroughouc the kiogdom, viih- 
oac ta-j diitlDctkiD uf tFHUre, a pruceediag 
iodicating u nldent deparlura from the 
principtn which huj prevDJIed id etilier 
tiinM. Before the ComiDiisinDi of Array 
H £d.Ii. >Puti.p.4e4,D.44,&o.J grouod- 

riirreied tu the Sberrffi tliroaghoai Eog- 

into tha Enehetjuar of the tuunei of all the 
tnwDihips in their tetenl b*ili*icb, and cf 
the larili thereof. Theie returns (Fart ii. 
p. SOI to 416], which have bcrn utnally 
called the ' Nomina Villamni," will befuand 
to be of coniideraUi me, both tothe Topo- 
grapher and to the Geai 



ii>h the 






being 


unnecessary in relation to the purpose 


for H' 


licb they Here required ; and it ap- 
ihat the Sheriff generallj iUtad the 


pear. 






in"d' 


ng into the Datnra of their title. For 


thi. r< 


■son, die returns eiin in lalur, since. 


as the 


firoper scope of the Post Mortem In- 


quiiil 


>BB wa> the investicBtion ofteaurei in 


capite 




conce 


niag person, holding b, masB. le- 



ttecesury partuftOe inrestiga- 
lioD made by the eichealori and eoote- 
(|ueDtly the ' Nomiua ViKatum' disclose the 
names of msoj landholders, of whom no 



t Wetin 




iCsr, 



nt l^d^TnXe Pa 



fifteen days of St. Hilary, 9 
• A* did shia King Ed»- 11. Sm X 



Ed. II, (Parti. 

1 1I,) by which all aod singular the knights, 

&e, of and within the reipectin counties, 

"weZili'ller in r'^tTconncll, 'ne^y 
analogous to those assemblage* of the mili- 
tary tmanca r>f the Crown, indicated in 
Magna Charta.'— Preface. 

Upn this last paragraph we shall 
make some remarks. In the 1 8 Ed. II. 
a writ 10 which we have before alluded 
was addressed ID the Sheriffs of ihe va- 

ar Traclale, " two oflhc bclicr or more 
discreet knights or oihers from everj 
county" lp.319), who were elected by 
the assent and ju.lgmenl of the men of 
ihecounly (p. 331] ; but there were oc- 
casions when all ihe milluty tenant* 
were summoned. 

The paisape of Magna Chatla lo 
which Mr. Piilgrave refers is, we pre- 
sume, the folfowing. We liictulty 
iransLle it from Mauhcw Paris, puge 
eili, lin. S5— 31, (ihc Magna Ctlafia 
of John): 

"Conceto'ine assassioiM utSon\*^«*,'"» 
■ill cause to b« )u(niw>Qt& ""^^l M »** 



Kbtibw.— Mackintosh on Ethical PhUatapkp. [Se|yt. 



840 

■CN&e of them bosen, cock-fichten, 
and badger- bai ten i bat recently they 
hiTe had a propensity for blackguard" 
tfM, whiqh we deem an insatterable 
aanoyance. If they tarn amateur 
nicndicantt» as in the case before us» 
tht ultimate result may be only such 
aiacft on the part of tne jieoiile« that 

thi^-r^ffi li£SB^'* ^"^y ^^ niiuedf in their 
vflfattonrnowever, we cannot wholly 
blame the frolic ofSSenor Juan de Vega, 
beeaoae he devoted his receipts to cha- 
rity ; the result being 69/. to the Spa- 
nish refugees; and we heartily wish 
that he had excited lets sorrow on our 
part as to the weakness of females. 
We are sorry to see that the liberal 
•tate of modern society has had such 
resnlu, as to bring flirtation at least, if 
not worse things, into vogue. In 
other respects he seems to have de- 
served the hospitality shown to him. 

The book contains various pictures 
of life in all iu motley forms. VVe 
shall extract a passage relative to the 
itinerant Jews, because we believe 
that the information will be novel. 

<«How is it poBslbIa (uud I) that so 
mux of your penuasion wftlk about tha 
stnets crviqg ' Old clothes !' yet manage to 
get a liveUko<}d bv it ? ' Tia but a toanty 
ona, indeed (said he) ) and theia are many, 
I assure you, who are half starving. They 
follow this odling because they sre brought 
i]|» to no particular trade.' 

" I remark a trait in thtm (said I) which 
is very prominant; that is, I have never 
Been a Jew beggar. *OhI yes, they do 
beg sometimes (said he), but never of 
Christiana ; and as soon as they can scrape 
up a shilling or two» they buy scissars, pen- 
eds, &c. &o. and if they can eet twopence 
or threepaDoe a day, tfaiey prefer it to beg- 
ging.' 

*' You have almshouses then (said I) for 
your poor and superannuated ? * None, 
(said he) ; but those persons who are so old 
as to be unable to work, and are without mo- 
ney, go to the priests, and state their dis- 
tress, which is immediately investigated; 
and if they are considered deserving, are sent 
oflF to the Rabbi (a high priest), who im- 
mediately gives a regular allowance, from ten 
to twelve shillings a week, out of a fund sup- 
ported by voluntary contributions for this 
particular purpose. Mr. Rothschild always 
gives an annual donation of five hundred 
pounds, and the rest of his family contribute 
very handsomely to it.' 

** I asked him if his priesU followed any 

business. ' Sometimes (he replied), but 

they are generally paid very handsomely, 

and are not necessitated to do so. The 

JUhblnceiveB ooe tbousaod a year, and on 



no account enters into any BMieantUe tran- 
saction. The other priests in onOnaiy re- 
ceive from one to three hmdrad* so that 
there is no great reason for their engaging 
in any other callmg." 

The young men, among other fol- 
liesy have adopted the custom of wear- 
ing wigs ; and though disguise might 
have rendered one necessary to our 
paeudo- mendicant, we do not think 
that otherwise he would have exhibit- 
ed an;^ dislike to the sillv actions of his 
juvenile brethren. Hisolack wig hav- 
mg become too invalided for service, 
he gave it to a methodist preacher, who 
had hitherto worn one of a different 
colour, " a very ugly red one.'* 

<< James taking op a small lookine-glass in 
his lefr hand, and a pocket coi^b in his rieht, 
combed out all the friz, and nut his hair 
perfectly straight over his forehead, telling 
me he snould only use my wig on Sundays 
and holidays; so that James would have 
the pleasing variety of a carrotty top in the 
week days.' 

The reader will find many amusing 
matters in these volumes, free and mi- 
litary indeed, but not ill-natured. 

The author, we are assured, is a gen- 
tleman of family and of properly, mov- 
ing in the best circles ; and the close 
personal inspection of low life by such 
an individual, cannot fail to he as pi- 
quant as it is new. There is too much 
of the amorous spirit of Don- Juan- 
Troubadours hip, (the character as- 
sumed) in the Journal ; but some al- 
lowance ouzht to be made for a young 
man of fashion (not more than 20) 
placed in so novel and so exciting a 
situation; and though scandal is al- 
leged, there are few anecdotes in the 
book which do not rebound to the 
honour of the parties, either as cha- 
ritable, hospitable, or amiable persons. 

DmerttUkn second; crhibithtg a general 
yiew qf the Progress tf Ethical Philvso- 
phy^ chiefly during the Seventeenth and 
Eighteenth Centuries. By the Right Ho- 
nourable Sir James Mackintosh, LL.D, 
F.RS. M.P. 

IF things cannot be known but 
through material media, we think that 
they must have physical modes of ac- 
tion, for otherwise we do not see how 
a man can become pale with fear, or 
red with anger. The exciting cause may 
indeed be one which neither has or can 
have a material existence, as darkness, 
which is only a privation of light, pro- 



Review, — Mackiatoeb o. 



dacMfcart but nevcrthdcsi ihe 
cialion of ideas cunfets upon ll an . 






For 01 



w§ 



at lo be an 
liipen>ab[e properly ailached lo ihe 
proccu or thinking, ai nne or the Imvs 
of vitality wiiliout which all iiildiec- 
lualiiy wnulil Ik uiierly useku. No 
teff-prescrvaiion could exist without 
(uch a combination of ideait, and we 
link ihat tbe ussociaiinn of ideas, as a 
Ijiicol (act, is ihe basis upon which 
_ . I ibe mcarchi'* called nieuphyiical 
«dght (o be fonnded. Wc are per- 
fectly aware that the science of nieia- 
phyticf implies no mure than a chart 
or map of llie results of consciousness 
absiraciedly delined g but is it possible 



I picture!, 

as Stuari has beauiifully done in hit 
■'El.;mcnts of ihe Phifosophy of the 
Human Mind," but Sir James Mack- 
intosh himself informs ui, that neilhtt 
Hume nor Held could inform ua wAy 
such things were so and so i only slate 
the humble maller-of-facl. 

Sir James Mackintosh infonui ui, 
p. 312. ihat Ockham the nominaliil, 

know nothiog of mind liul ih acti, 
of which we are coniciaui. 

Sii James exhibii) in the moat lu- 
minous view the parlicutar errors of 
all ihe syilems, and he ^ivcs t!ie bc9t 
of reasons for ii in p. 4lO. 



that 



iscif hav 



any 



lever, but from ihe c 
ciation (if ideat; and we ihink ihai 
theie Is no timpte inleliectual nction 
nhatCTcr. Inslinct may appear 



'■ Ages miiy jal be t 
thicnl theory UI tbe fg 
lience, mJ to •oplj ; 



mi and liDguage nf 
. to tbe multiplied 



may subject ti 






X ' 



With regard to ethical 



with ihe association of ideas, srowing 
om of the state of society. For in- 
slauce, Sarah had very diHerent feet- 
incs coiiceruing Abraham's sleeping 
with her maids, from those of an Eng- 
lish wife. The <)ueilion of good and 



leiiher of such a fine and profound writer m 
ibjeci, liir James Mackinlosh, we have llie 
satisfaction of kuowlng that we have 
spoken upon hii own principles. Wit- 
ness ihc Following passage from p. 404; 
" To uek ■ foundiclon for unlvsrsal, ar. 
dent, cvly, ud immediite fHlJDj 






intellecli 



'. has, I 



of pliilniiphy, been tbe gnnd 



I law ; for wlif r 



luiidation in Oisociatwiij 



rals. 






s his 



iie vindicated by natural hit- 
lory in affirming, that every animal 
has the organization and coiiscquenl 
properlies attached to U, which are 
essential lo its existence In the stale 
for which iiBlure has destined it. If a 
human being Is to live by reason, u is 
loiliapniable, his powers of course ad- 
mit of expatlalioii ; but when he pre- 

determine the rules of phyii- 
Dn bj that of consciousness, he 

1 knowledge which is imjiossi- 
k to be acguired, viz. ihat of the laws 

lC*ii>lii*. 

r<The truth is, ihai all discussions 
in metaphysical subjects exhibit no- 
g more than * painful and disueis- 
^■Kg piciuie how the greatest men have 
I ^tred and mutt err, unless the laws of 
viiklliy were first known lo us. Ii in.-iy 
be an amusing and ingenious employ- 
tnenl of learned leisure to make map* 



[irii;lD of plnlniiphf, b 

to ictk Jor iuch a foundation 

an tBTly/ and ininsiili proceu_ 

ftsipdiy nijiglrs itte^f lath Ihe tomposilion of 

our J\Ttt and limpHsl Jetlingi, and uAiiA t» 

commiHt lo both perls ^ our nature, is ml 

liable to the aamt rniimadvernon." 

To prevent miicontlruotion, we beg 
lo observe, that by a^uming univet- 
salily of material agency, wcmean that 
it is not poisibie for a rtal vacuum, i.e. 
a nolking, to exist, becauie that would 
imply a place where God I' "* 
people will 



will have locality and other 



usual limitary prone 
pens ably 



fluid tchick pcrvadei all ipace, and in 
rarity or subtlety of oalure, surpasses 
air vastly more than air dctes water or 
solids. Sec Arnolt't Physict, ii. p. i. 

p. 3ie. 



ti4 



Rbvisw. — ^Lydl*! PrmeipUi of Qtolof^* 



iSept. 



final deslruclion of the seats of Pa- 
pistry and Islamisin may be realized in 
a manner which may teach them that 
there is a wide diflference between na* 
tural philosophy, and that which is 
Tain deceit. 

That the thermometer does not sink 
below a certain point (we believe from 
memory 480* however deeply we may 
descend into the bowels of the earth, 
it a phenomenon noticed by Darwin* 
and we are inclined to think that a 
certain portion of heat is necessary to 
preserve the crust of the earth in ad- 
nesion. It has been, therefore, pre- 
sumed that a subterranean fire, of 
which volcanic craters are the safety- 
valves, is continuously in action, and 
that by generating earthquakes, and 
elevating the bottom of the sea, it has 
produced those marine appearances 
which are so discoverable npon the 
present surface of the land. The proof 
of this is the identity of the fossil shells 
on the coasts of the Mediterranean and 
other seas, with those which are now 
in the same places subaqueous. There 
are further phenomena* which seem to 
show that accretions on the earth*s 
forface have caused changes of climate 
by preventing in places the develope- 
ment or expansion of subterranean 
heat, as by Button's chasms; for if 
the solar rays never penetrate more 
than ten feet deep, and Newton and 
La Place are correct in presuming that 
there has never been any change m the 
earth's axis, we do not think the mere 
clearance of woods, and drainage of 
marshes, a sufficient agent for so stu- 
pendous a change. Certain it is that 
the fossil flora of our coal deposits 
yields the most extraordinary evidence 
of an extremely hot climate in our own 
island ; and if this had been the pure 
result of external agency, how could 
the mere tertiary formation have ef- 
fected a change ? Mr. Lyell says as to 
the fact, 

«The remains both of the animal and 
iregetable kingdom preserved in strata rf 
dijfertni ages^ indicate that there hat been 
a great diminution of temperature through- 
out the northern hemisphere in the latitudes 
now occupied by Europe, At ia, and America. 
The change has extended to the arctic cir- 
cle, as well aa to the temperate zone. The 
heat and humidity of the air, and the uni- 
formity of the climate, appear to have been 
most remarkable, when the oldest strata hi- 
iherto discovered toere formed. The approxi- 
mat!oa to m climMte simikr to that now en- 
Jeyed ia tb^e Utitudes, does noi commence 



tUl the mra rfthefarmMikms termed terHetrift 
and while fAe different tertiary rocks were 
deposited in suceessionf the temperature seems 
to have been still fbrther lowered, and to 
have contioued to diminish gradoally even 
after the appearance of a great portion of 
existing species upon the earth.'* — p. 103. 

Thus it is plain that the climate has 
changed with the successive incmsta* 
tions. Mr. Lyell (c. vii.) assigns the 
cause to transpositions of the sea and 
land ; but, according to the passage ex- 
tracted, the changes have been chrono- 
logical, and consequent upon the /er- 
tiartfformalion. As to the Vulcanists 
and Neptunists, Mr. Lyell thus settles 
the question^ by admitting the agency 
of both: 

'*We may divide the great agents of 
diaage in the inofganio world into two 
principal classes, the aqueous and the ig- 
neous. To the former belong riven, tor- 
rents, springs, currents, and tides ; to the 
latter, volcanos and earthquakes. Both 
these classes are iostrutnents of decay, as 
well as of reproduction ; but they may also 
be regarded as antagonist forces. The aquc' 
out agents are incessantly labouring to re- 
duce the inequalities of the earth's surface 
to a level, while the igneous on the other 
hand are equally active In restoring the un- 
evennees of tfaie external crust, partly by 
heapbg up new matter in certain localities, 
and partly by depressing one portion and 
forcing out another of the earth's envelope." 
—p. 167. 

Bolh these systems, we think, as 
acting in coparceny and aliernation,are, 
correct. It must be palpable that gra- 
nite rocks could not be capable of sup- 
porting animal or vegetable life, to the 
extent of the plan of Providence, and 
yet they may be necessary as the crust 
of so large and heavy a body as our pla- 
net, containing in lU centre a furnace 
or chemical elaboratory for supporting 
the action indispensable to the exist- 
ence of the planet itself. With regard 
to a central fire, the objection that 
combustion cannot act without air, is 
apoarently strong; but we know that 
caloric is independent of combustion, 
because heat can be created by only 
the admixture of two salts, and in the 
artificial volcano inflammation ensues, 
under well-known and amusing pro- 
cesses, where there is no contact with 
atmospheric air.- Without recourse, 
too, to this well-known chemical leger- 
demain, it is evident that nitre has the 
property of condensing in itself an enor- 
mous quantity of atmospherical air, and 
thai iue \gn\C\oii o^ v\\« charcoal and 



Th« I 



whu 



dt tavietj ire diicuurigtd, 
nw'iDi of lailituy ipiiit >re cil'D^uiiW : ■ 
large ponioB ar public mi piinM wnlth » 
QomecTmved to ihc tpecitniB detDnxIa of chi- 
(it)' ud dcvolioD, ud the loldien' ptf u 
_ limibed oa Ui; mulclcudii, who hive no 
' Iriu of thi iiullat uu to tha public. 
1, ic*l, ourioiUj, iDd ihe note tuihlj' 



JSSa] REvitw.— On Afcfftorfiim.— X^ai's Priiiciplts of Genlugi/. 543 

B large ciiy, %vt Ihink ihui ilie evil nisy 
be rumi njnafcr remedies iliaii ihc ex- 
linotion or (he spirit necesiary for n:i- 
(iana) ircuritjr. Ic maf be nrovottiMg 
ihit "tuket and ale cinnol,' at Shsk- 
s]iearciiyt, " beexilrpaied ;" but if we 
arc Dbliged to make * choice between 
deroKM and loldten or ullort, »e we 
Holhiiig in hi&loiy iivhich will rindi- 
catechoiceortheformer. AdamSmilh 
and Bonnaparie {neither nrihem niciin 
auihoriiiei) advocsie qoiwceni Clergy- 
men, because it is impustible lo hare 
a buttling prieithomi wiihoui faciion 
and public evil. Weiley ibmi^hloiher- 
wiie) for he did noi reflect that party 
always impliei * raycnoiis appeiiie Tor 
pnwar. We deny not ihc pieiensions 
of many eneelleiit men, both among 
Methndisis and Diteentcri; but we 
cnlemnly bcliete ihai the Ividy at large 
nels nnlalrlj, upon wrong principle*, lo 
those able, learned, and philunlhropic 
men, who Toim (he masi of the rcgalar 
Clergy, 






lethe 



M of (heolngiucl dlirordi the Church, 
Tea ibe State, ii diitrsctcd bj nligiaui 
ns, whoM conHicti an alwaji impla- 
I the atteotiun of Oniemnieiit ii di- 
ll ia, all the raL«]r and dmrkoiiM of bar- 

•Mojr tha hopei of the mite and p«ulutio, 
and uuihilatc iha plsaiurei of the ^"vi and 
■aiable." 

' By refrrting I 

""■ "1. p. 4S7. our readers will Further 

. he uiinhilosophical abiurdliy and 

Mhier of the tenets of religioniita, 

rniiig war, because, ihough it be 

□liiied evil, (uy rxher a painful 

i)ily)"advouce»intliewienceofit,"' 

jt Gibbon, "are accompanied with a 

nporiionahle improvement in the arM 

f -peace and civil inlicy.'* itis further 

Famed, in jodtcioui pub''-'-" ■'"■ 

■ ttw pleasurable mode of living among 

*^-B nobility and gentry, which politi- 

j eMKKMiiati deem (he support of 

■ Rianuiaiiluref of the cotiNiry, are 
itally repreeenied, a: to destroy 
lalton and ioculcate haired of 

If bedamned. 

■ Burke, "are only bankets for the 




fc 



tr all the • 

E had rather ace moral lerorms 
ecltd by nther means. History says. 
I Alfred did «., by j - 



in doing 

. -^ i and for ihia reason, be- 

M fear n * far more powerful agent 

- ■ Alih. ' 

anxteicessiiie mOiibut," 

Itl.-eHucalion.- 

! now staled aome teriows 

1 «*i]a con«e<faent opon trll- 

I and because there 

or dehnaehtei in n 

more in 



Lycll^s Principlts tifGcolngjf, 8po. 3 iuIi. 
Plnla oHd Call. f'vi. I. pp. 5U. 

EVERY ope ought (o know that 
in philosophical discuislon, where 

_i .1,- subject, nothing ia lo 

id that wherever mat- 
1 old book relative to 
that aubject, ihey cannnt lie satiifac- 
torily explained wi(hoo( a knowledge 
of ancient hlsiory and natural philoso- 
phy. Obvious as this is, a desire lo 
reconcile the Moiait; Cosmoeony and 
the Deluge with the physical hitloty 
of our planet, has produced (says Mr. 
Lyrll} sundry romances, eniitled 
"Theories of the Earth." Thccon- 
aetjuence is, in our opinion, that peo- 
ple detect the errors, and lay iliem to 
tlic charge, not of the oiBcioua com- 
nientaKits on the Bible, but of the 
Bible itself; and thus it happens that 

num'^r^is) ma"e more inhdels lh»t> 
Hume or Voltaire. The R>lly of aU 
this ii further evident, from th« cir- 

" Tliil th* time li nnt y(t eume for • 
general If Item titgtniof}, btii that all mtnl 
be cnotBol (it myur yea" %f b* »»clu.Be1j 
en(;igeii lo fiirnlihlog nistcriali (or firnift 
generaliiaiinDi." — p. tt. 

We will, hovrtier, do " rtwiV™^ 
friends" the jiMtke Vt fliiiwVav \i.a\'^ 
attd Asia \«i(»R V»\V> *o\c«t\\c i:wm' 
ttin, ihe ptop\i«ct" ewwwa^^s >V« 



J 



^4tf RBTiBWe^Ljeirt Otology, -^PtehtmqueAtiiiiuiiies. [Sept. 

•Ut suffaees of Rndand, (Vom its pri- 
manr cxisience to the pr^nt day. 

Here we must leave this truly valoA- 
ble Work, with the conacioutneti that 
otir narrow limits can no more give a 
fair representation of it, than that of a 
city on a map does of its real conse- 
quence. 



IIm wliol* hmnaii nee, and ai»niitailes all 
the anhnal and vsgetable pnxhietioiis of na** 
tnrsi and the eepjrosis or eonflagratScm, 
Which dissolves the globe itself. From the 
Egyptians also they derived the doctrine of 
the graduml debasemeiil of man from a state 
of innocence. Towards the terminatioB of 
wich seim, the gods eonld no longer bear 
yfhk the wickedness of men, and a shock of 
the elements or a dehige overwhelmed them, 
after which calamity Astrea again descended 
OB the earth to renew the |^den age."-— 
p. 9. 

Gigantic as may appear modem vol- 
canic operations, they are quite insig- 
nificant, compared with those of for- 
OBcr times. The Giants' Causeway in 
Ireland is nothing more than a column 
•f basaltic lava, caused by some an- 
cient volcanic eruption ; and we may 
judge what must nave been the tSect 
of one of them, from that of Skapta 
Jokul in Iceland in the year 1783. 

" It filled up rivers firom 4 to 600 feet 
deep» and spread Itself over allnvhtl pitins in 
brMd lakes of fire, from It to 15 miles 
wide, ud 100 feet deep. It completely 
dried up the river Skapta, and when ang- 
tnented by new sappHei flowed up the coofm 
«f the river to the hiot of the hills, whence 
the Skapta takes lu rise. What wonld peo- 
Dle thtak of the bed of the Thames being 
filled up ? and yet that miffht happen, were 
Engfatnd a volcanic conatry/' 

Our author gives us the follbwing 
ingenious representation of the oouse- 
queuces of such an eruption in Eng- 
land. 

** Let us imagine the termination of the 
Skapta branch of lava to rest on the escarp- 
ment of the inferior and middle volite, where 
it commands the vale of Gloucester. The 
great plateau might be one hundred feet 
thick, and from ten to fifteen miles broad. 
We may also suppose great tabular masses 
to occur at intervals, csppinc the summit 
of the Coswold bills between Gloucester and 
Oxford, by Northleach, Burfbrd, and other 
towns. The wide valley of the Oxford clay 
would then occasion an interruption for 
many milss ; but the sante rocks might re- 
cur on the summit of Cumnor and Shotover 
hills, and all tlie other volitic eminences of 
that district. On the clialk of Berkshire, 
extensivs plateaus six or seven miles wide 
would aeaiu be formed ; and lastly^ crowning 
the highest sands of Highgate and Hemp- 
stead, we might behold some remnants of 
the deepest parts of the current five or six 
hundred feet in thickness, rivalling or even 
surpassing in height Salisbury orags and Ar^ 
thur's seat."— p. »76. 

SaeA ageo/agisl as Mr. LycU might 
^/Vr i/s a cirnoas picture ofiiic succes- 



Piduraque AnHquities qfthe English Citiei, 
lih. Ft, 4to. Longman tmd Co, 

THE final Number of this uncom- 
monly beautiful work, contains viewl 
in Gloucester, Rochester, Chichester, 
Wells, Bristol, Norwich, and Here- 
ford. We regret to see it is the /fnaZ 
Number, for some of our Cities have 
not had any share of attention, and in 
others numerous fine subjects have been 
passed over without notice. 

It would indeed have given us great 
pleasure to find that the encouragement 
received had induced the author not 
only to enlarge the present work, but 
to appl]^ his ulents and experience in 
illustration of the '' ancient castles, 
monastic edifices, churches, chapels, 
and mansions, of almost endless va- 
riety, beauty, and grandeur,** which 
still remain unillustrated. But we re- 
gret to observe the following passage 
in the Preface, which we &ar suffi- 
ciently accounts for the omissions we 
have above noticed. 

the Ca- 
procress, I pro- 
pose to terminate my topographical labours ; 
but hope to see the subject taken up by 
some other person equally zealous in the 
cause, and better qualified to do it Justice. 
It will further augment my pleasure, to 
find the public come forward liberally and 
promptly to patronise such works. If the 
govemnsent of the country, and some of the 
pnbtio institutions which were founded for 
the encouragement of learning and talenty 
were to appropriate onlv a very small por- 
tion of their respective nmds to reward au- 
thors and artists for their labours and ex- 
penditure, in bringing forward publications 
of sterling worth and merit, it would soon 
be found that there would neither be a lack 
of talent, nor of industry. Unfortunately 
for the literary character, and even for book- 
sellers, the sources now referred to, instead 
of fostering and encouragingy?/ie and expend 
sive books, levy a tax upon them by the im- 
perious impost of ELEVEN COPIES. The au- 
thor of the present vr>Iume has been com- 
pelled to ^'w— to offer up at the shrine of 
injustice and extortion — no less than twelve 
hundred pounds worth of his own publica- 
tions, in the execution of which above 

FORTY TH0\JSK>t1> V0\3\<1MVvi«\Mefi CY^tld- 



** With the present work, and < the 
thedral Antiqmtus,* now in progress, I 



JMftl Rbtibw.— P(e(a?w7Be AnnguUia.—Oullina ofTnslor;/. 247 

TemplB of AveLury, id tntj atliei 



biadtri, &o. ; rtnd hitIji li 
fMuniti moTf In govcmmenl dulia an 
—When nUJ ' lilenrt enancipi 
procliimad bj llie Eosliih leglilili 
We tecond wiih *1l our mi 
forcilile appeal, we will not ii 
compiiulon, but lo the juatic 
Lcgitlaiure ; fur a mori: 
iniquitoui lax wa) never 
more pertinaciously perilled in, lo de- 
pret* Ihenituie, under ihe ihillow and 
falling prcience or encouragement. It 
" — -nibclliaheJ work*, luch ' 






c of the 



r«ry etblwi. The mi.eral.le hi 
fiied Voik Citbednl it piopcrb in 
fur life, ind tliui prereDCecl fr 



further public miuliiBf j 



iDiojf St luge, ■ 



deriKu, 



1 mhednlt ind 



under 



Sua!) oiea at 

As far, however, as the " Piclu- 

i<jue__ Anliqiiiliei of llie English 

ilies " has nroceeded, llic bcauly of 

- ..«.,.■, .u^,. =. .„,. Kxecuiion has been more than uni- 

■, thai the bad effect ''o™. for the lalier numben are, if 



orthit cruel lax it |uriicular1; display- 
ed. Not only ii iho induatrious au- 
itior comjKlled 10 pari wiih hit pro- 
perty 10 rich corporate bodies, whocaie 
very liute for the works themtelvEi, 
jfld are only auiioua lo maintain Ibeir 
aupposetl rights (which by the bye 
they tutfercd to lie dormant for near a 
century), but the author is deprived 
of the chance, nay almost the cer- 



poisible, superior to the early onei; 
and we heartily agrue with ihe author, 
that he bat amply redeemed bii pledge 
wiih hii aubacribors, and has produced 
a volume which confeis credii on the 
artitii employed, and worthy to ac- 
company the rery superior one by Mr. 
Robwn, of" Views of English Cmcs," 
As Mr. Hobton-s plates are without 
letter-press, which ties 



tainiy. of finding purchaiert for such 'atum is supplied by ihe prereni work. 



worka froin ai leait tome of these ti 
public librsriei. 

""' eluding paiaa^ of Mr. Bril- 

duclion, IS so IB uniton with 

culcated in our Ma- 



think these two hi 



iahly-embe 
ilaied to be 



bellishtd 



retpondctits, that we cannot resist 
trading it: 

" Afiv toon thsD iblrtf jean' deTOtioo 
tbt iMd) and illiucittLoD oilki Arclulte- 
rat ifitttf uilici ^ England, and aith aa 
lunuce thai the tubjuct ia replete witli 

nan;, I will 



The"Picioresqu« Antiquities'' oon- 
■isl of aixiy Plaiea, executed in the 
highest tiyle of art, and these are coR' 
cisely and appropriately described in 
eiehly-eight pages of letter- prets 1 in 
which are iniersperaed tweniv.fivc vig- 



icluiiou, we express our hoiies, 
work will receive, » it de- 
large share of patronage. 



tblylu 



llPtllB.. 



■nd wbarei 



protect the 
m further dcmolitioD or delaee- 
Every caitle, abbey, cathedixl, 6iw 
church, aod old mamiDi], it ■ manuowDt 
ud meauoM of a formtr age, lod of fomiar 
panona. They an to muy iuilHtt lo dic 
monble cvenu, to heroat, BtateimeD, pa- 
irtott, and philoiDphen. Arcbiteetursl ao- 
tiquitiat tra abjecti ami etideacet uf incal- 
Eultbtc Talua and iDtermi whilit ilaDding 
— Iiowarer nuiiLated — (hey are LoJioatioiii 
of Ihe ticittitudei asd fluatustiont of civiUted 
•oeitiy ; they ihow nan ia hit dooHitic 

y, and in h» biitarwal relatiuot, 

nan, therefon, vba prDtcett one 
rk of anijquily it entitled to tlx ap- 
plaian sf bit Baolemiwrariea and of poaw- 
lity 1 1m who deitrojt, or headlettly peglanti 
kt, daaarnt iLa nprobatioti of tlia ciiiliisd 
«oiU, As Dr. Stukaley iiidigoantly bum, 
IB iraiihu effij-y, tlie ntu »liu ii«sl(uty 
biti* up th* ntl anj irMtfiViH Celtic 



r. Latdnr 



Calinti CyduptHa. Oallbai 
•if History. Poit Bvo. pp. «6l. 
CLUVER'S Epitome we have found, 
nolwilhitanding great defects, a very 
useful book ; and of course a work 
upon the tame principle, but a very 
tuperior plan, and combining iha re- 
cent improrementt tleriied from a su- 
perior mode ofwriiing history, and the 
enlarged knowledge of motlctn science 
and philosophy, must be a far belter 
manual. It it unnecesaary, however, . 
10 write eulogies of obvious advantages, 
therefore we shall only give an extract 
from which we may learn what is now 
the received " Theory of the Earth." 

" To the origin of iba lolid nucleiu uf 
the earth no date can be aulgoed, Wuti 
ti it ; and i^ w»A^\e&(iBi»u t^mint^ 



S4S 



Rbvibwv— Mackintosh's History of BngUmd, 



[Sejit 



A wtolent reTolotioo of natore annihiUted 
thwr incipient creationt, and thmr remains 
eonbined with other substaocet to increase 
tiM stones of the earth. In the various 
■oeeessive periods, appeared the mollusca, 
the iislics, the amphibioos animals, all of 
gigantic size ; nad all, after living their ap- 
pointed period, were destroyed, and their 
raowins employed, as tlie materials of addi- 
tional surface ror the advancing earth. The 
mammalia of the waters, sea-horses, sea- 
lions, whales, and their whole kindred, form- 
ed the next step of the progression. The 
violent motions and agitations of the waves 
dettrojed these also, that they might add 
their huge carcases to the inanimate surface 
of the earth, which now attained that state 
in which it seat up vegetation adapted for 
the support of the land. Nature now put 
fiwth her strength in the production of the 
aonatrotts megatheria, mastodons and mam- 
moths, whose remains excite our wonder 
and our curiosity. This race too, after 
having possessed the earth for an indefinite 
period, saw its appointed end come : the 
waters rose once more, and involved them, 
like their predecessors, in the clay, sand, 
and gravel, which they swept along ; but no 
rocky stratum was, as with the former gene- 
rations, the result : and the sandstone, 
gypsum, clay, and other substances, in 
wnich the remains of thu creation are 
Ibund, occur only in spaces of limited extent. 
The violent revolutions of the earth were 
now at an end : the races of animals, such 
as at present occupy its surface, appeared : 
and last of all, Man, the perfection of Na- 
ture's works, entered on the scene of hia 
future destinies. But the violent powers of 
nature had not yet ceased to operate; and 
tradition retains the recollection of at least 
one great destruction of animal life by 
water. * — p. 3. 

It will be seen by our review of Mr. 
LyelPs Geology, that a similar sub- 
mersion is reasonably prospective with 
regard to a very large portion of Ame- 
rica. 

Dr. Lardner*s Cabinet ETtcydofktdia. — Hif- 
tory of England. By the Right Hon. 
Sir James Mackintosh. Fbl. I, Post 
Hvo. f)D. S8S. 

Tilk talents of Sir James Mackin- 
tosh are so justly and deeply respected, 
that a strong interest is necessarily ex- 
cited with regard to any work which 
such a distinguished writer may think 
fit 10 undertake. In the present in- 
stance, as in all others, our expecta- 
tions are fullv gratified. The facts can- 
not be novel, but they may be stated 
io a superior manner ; and more satis- 
factory elucidation may render thiak- 
wg a/ier perusal mote jmi and correct. 



There is something, too, very favour* 
able to such elacidation, in the nature 
and studies of a profound lawyer and 
judge. He does not expatiate for mere 
enibellishmeni, nor does he infer with* 
out indisputable e\'idence. He begins 
at the foundation, and proceeds up- 
wards at the superstructure; whereu 
philosophers do not draw always de- 
ductions from the contemporary states 
of mind and feelings, but, as we may 
so say, judge of Gothic Cathedrals bj 
the rules which only belong to Grecian 
temples. But there is a geology in 
history, and we like to have a sound 
knowledge of the progressive strata. 
We must here stop, oecause we have a 
long extract to make, and are sincere 
lovers of old English, as well as old 
England, and think with Sir James 
Mackintosh, that it has not been im- 
proved by being marble-painted with 
Greek and Latin. It has enfeebled it; 
and there are many things which are 
thus spoiled by commixture. The ac^ 
centuation of our ancient language, 
with its numerous consonants, might 
have been as unmusical as the growl- 
ing of a bear, but then the animal fur- 
nished good meat. Our present mis- 
cellaneous language is merely a sau- 
sage ; it may indeed be a German one, 
but the original was a Westphalia 
ham — a better thing. 

** Origin of the English Language, ^c— 
From the Anglo-Saxons we derive the names 
of the most ancient officers among ns — of 
the greater part of the divisions of tne king- 
dom, and of almost all our towns and villagee . 
From them also we derive our language ; of 
which the structure, and a majority of its 
words, much greater than those who have 
not tboucht on the subject would at first 
easily believe, are Saxon. Of sixty- nine 
words which make up the Lord's Prayer, 
there are only five not Saxon ; the best ex- 
ample of the natural bent of our language, 
and of the words apt to be chosen by those 
who speak and write it without design. Of 
eightT-one words in the soliloquy (rf* Ham- 



let, tliirteen onlv are of Latin origin. Even 
in a passage of nine^ words in Milton, 
whose diction is more learned than that of 
any other poet, there are only sixteen Latin 
words. In four verses of the authorized 
version of Genesis, which contain about a 
hundred and thirty words, there are no more 
than five Latin. In seventy-nine words of 
Addison, whose perfect taste preserved him 
from a pedantic or constnuned preferenee 
for any portion of the language, we find only 
fifteen Latin. In later times the langnage 
has rebelled against the bad tasle of ihoee 
othciwist Viguvoua vit\\«t%> ^Vm^ instead of 



183a] RsviKw.— Mackjotoah's EagHnd^SSiT^e of Byron. 



tritd M (UM U by unuiiul ud Tu-btelied 
tOprcMiaDt. Dr. Johuan hioiKlf, froiu 
^hoM eaiiupCiiH» Engliih ttjle i> dd!]' n- 
' Mvtriug, in ttebtj-atna vnrdi of hii fine 
pinllcllKtawDDcjdoDHidPopc, hufonnd 
—[Ml to iairoduee no mora ihtn twentj- 
• of Latin drrintioD. The l»nguig« of 






jricMtdtr 

At idiomi or p«eui»r pnriiei 
Vordi oatunll]' run, t)w pro' 
•n th* e«ndeai«il lad pointed 
' P«<>plr. the p«rt(clti, od wtiich out ijniw 
I dfpndi, uul irhioli ira of pcrpMiul lecur- 
K foaDduiaiu r^ ■ Uoguigi 
e proof, of ibeSaiODOrigil 
Af nun, tfaui eiea tba grot nnjority a 



■iifD thij lions hid lama aiMt of nanUl m- 

undiDt in ti» midst of brutal forca; hIiu 

tliaii auihoiiijr, the ob\] gtemcnt oF aiin 

wnidil geoBTal diuocd, had a great, tud 

oll«D • good, effect on political evonli. 

Both beliSTBd in miraculoua JBCerpMitiooi, 

and honntl; nlatcd tbrin. To Beds ac 

owa all our knowli-dga of Engliih hiitorj, 

from the Uodin^ of the Saioni in Kent to 

nt ana hit time [nsarljr three cantuilai), and all 

iiineii, our ceilain ioforraa^oB respecting ilieiatlaui 

which tribei who tlian inhabited ihe ulaad : fVoin 

which him it li ipptient that (he work called the 

of the Saaa Chronicle often litenll]' cojnei lung 

" Theorigina] of that Chronlda wai pro- 
bably a document much iliurter and limpler 
than the preieuc, coDtiiting of annual nutei 



of IH 



-^oritj i, 



where 



It li 



« lalien 



likely ll 






re ha<e pretened a whole hmAj of i . 
th* luperior ligcilicanC} of a Saioo over a 
laiio term i> mott remarWble.—' Well- 
I lebg trim (torn well-doing,' it a Saion 
•biaae, whicli may be ihoa rendered iota tlie 
LMin pan of the laogmgs : — • Felicitj at- 
mdi tirtiWi* but how inferior in faic* n 
•lie luter< U the Saxon phraae the pirti 
B» now of wordi being ligoifieaot in onr 
twipuga, aad familiar to our ejra and ean, 
tbroK tlieir whole meaning into tlie com- 
pouada and dBrintions, while the Latin 
woidi of the lame import, liaving their [oaM 
and elemeoti in a foreign knguige, carr} 
■ sold and coaiantloDal ligniGcatioa to 



the knowledi 
SaiDo Chroi 



n truth, koow BOthinf 
hat i " _ 
and cootinuei i 



the death of Stephen. . 
dryneii arc a tolerable p'roof of the hoaetlji 
oFthe writen, aodeienof the truth of tlieir 
outline. 1i alio received no imall cooflrma- 
ny pana of 



^ion fro> 



lofm 






oalT ■ sold a 
■0 Eneliih ei 

" Ob1» lo fl 
hiauticaf, or . 

tha shorten otwen _ ... 

ktre. No nation is more hapnf in Iti hecooM originali bi ui." 

••rilait hiatorf than the Engliili penpla, ^ 

Vnantble B«de was bom at Wi«moulh, ~ ' 

saljr ■ hi yaars after the introductioo of The Lift «f' LonI Bynm. By John Gait, 

ChnsUaoitT into NonhnmbcT land. Hera- St^. BAnf lla jliM volumt oj The Utr 

eisHd duriag a long lib the moit flattering (,muJ Library. Small 8i». 

-— -. to__,.;. hi. mon..tery and hi. ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^,,^^^ ,^^ ^^ ^^^ 

n/rhrn who endeneour lo ihink fbi 

c, barbar'oui, and tocently- iheniielves, and lo itiicover trulh wilh- 

courttladoftbeSaionprinoiiHililie., beat- out caring whelhcf the ditcirrriy may 

Ulaad (what was eran dien) the aiogulat be tgrecable or uot, to be rtpreticnileil 

bonour of being (he moit cclebnted writer ai much a> praiied. Snch at leasl hai 

of Chrirtandom for more centuries than one. been iheir irealmenl hy ihcir con(cm> 

The celebrity of Bede ig the only cireom- porariei. To follow in illc Iruck of 

•taoce relating to foreign countries men- ||,e majority il lo piiy a alaviih C«in- 

ttooed by a rert ancient chronicler of Hoi- pUment to il, which the mnjoriiy like ; 

land for aetei-f yea... The work of the 6- {"^ ^^ j^.j jj j, ^ g^nj,^ ^^j^ ^ HnXti- 

.her-f^r huto.j-...n«tled. jB'Eccle. ; the , elf-complacency of ihoie 

""u'f^tetW'^^y-lj-l^o^rtX: "o.thy,eo,U who cannoTend.n, l. 

a century before the bi«h of B«l.. had l«d ^ convinced ag».n« their «ill , n-hik 

the KNDdationa of French hi.tory. Both nothing can be more Broiabk- ihon 

Joined acelesiaatieal with ci.il a^rs. which ihil aCCOOimodaliOB spirit which ii 

■M ladaad Inevitable at a time when the ee- ready (o pitl Up, wilhoul lnt\uiiT. -iivW* 

ctniaitica were thaoclj mtnof knowlcitgvi IhoM crton wVtcU Wie n\Mn ^ta<m 



950 



Revibw-— <«ult*8 Lift i^ Lord Jhfron. 



[Sep(. 



indolence, imperfect meins of infor- 
■nation, or interested motives. 

In this sense, the present Life of 
Loftl Byron may be called a rash book, 
iiiicc it sets forth many new and bold 
things, not only in opinion, but in 
fact. Disdaining to administer to pre- 
conceived notions, or to prejudices of 
pny kind, Mr. Gait seems resolved to 
avail himself to the full, of the ad- 
▼aotages arising from his intimacy with 
the poet, and uom other means of in- 
formation in his power; and to care 
little for the outcries of those rival- 
biographers of Byron, who may now 
become his critics, provided he can 
produce an honest account of that 
great man's actions, and a fearless esti- 
mate of his mind. Lord Byron, in- 
deedf is a dangerous subject for a me- 
moil': whoever undertakes to write 
about him, should gird on his armour, 
for he has entered on a kind of war- 
fare ; a fact of which Mr. Gait must 
be, by this time, aware ; for it is quite 
certam that no history of the noble 

E>et that may be worth reading, can 
il of provoking hostility from some 
quarter or other. The present work 
Bas accordingly been attacked vehe- 
mently: nothmg, indeed, was more 
easy to see, the moment it appeared, 
than that it could not by any possibi- 
lity pass without notice, which it has 
bad in more than usual abundance 
both of praise and blame. No one, 
however, has called the volume an in- 
sipid one ; all have been eager to read 
it, and the fulness and genuineness of 
its statements connected with the inci- 
dents which marked the poet's event- 
ful career, have never been questioned. 
But in speculations as affects charac- 
ter, and in inferences from facts, not 
to mention occasional eccentricities in 
style, Mr. Galt*s book has ^ivcn rise to 
much disputation ; and in some of 
these particulars, thoug^h we respect 
his boldness and ingenuity, we should 
incline to break a lance with him our- 
selves. This, however, is not the place 
fordiscussions on abstract points, wnich, 
to be pursued propeilv, &nould be pur- 
sued deliberately anci at length ; and 
we must therefore content ourselves by 
pointing out to the young reader such 

Sualitics in the present Life of Lord 
lyion, as may enable him not only to 
comprehend more fully the narratives, 
descriptions, and allusions in the noble 
poet's works, but, above all, to steer in 
Mjf'/^ through the seductions and dan- 



gers which too often beset that indivh. 
doal who may be tempted to read 
without distinction. Of these qualities, 
the former will be found in the minute 
account (^iven of the incidents of Lord 
Byron's life (particularly of those which 
occurred during his travels abroad), 
and of the personages, native and fo- 
reign, with whom he became acquaint- 
ed, and who have, as it were, sat to 
the poet as studies of character ; while 
as regards that which, to use a medical 
phrase, may be termed the di$ii\fectitig 
properties of the biography, we may 
allude to those interesting exhibitions 
of the mental character of Lord Byron, 
which show that the disregard of moral 
proprieties which, unfortunately, are 
too common in his poems, was the off- 
spring of an unhappy state of mincf, 
followed by remorseful thoughts. Con- 
sidered thus, Mr. Gait's volume should 
invariably accompany the collected 
works of^ihe poet, to the mischief of 
some of which it would act as an ai»- 
tidote. 

The following very characteristic i in- 
cidents, connected with the death and 
funeral of the noble poet's mother, arc 
a key to those wayward impulses of al- 
ternate pathos and borlesqae which 
exist so remarkably in *' Beppo*' and 
"Don Juan.'* The affected indif- 
ference of Byron at the sight of the fu- 
neral, was but a desperate effort tu un- 
burthen himself of a load at his heart 
which he felt to be insupportable ; and 
so was his subsequent sparring-match 
with the servant. But all would not 
do. Nature would not be repelled ; 
and the bereaved son, overcome with 
anguish which only grew the stronger 
the more he opposed it, was forced to 
yield, and seek the solitude of his 
chamber that he might give way to his 
tears. 

" In the mean time, while busily cn- 

Saged in his literary projects with Mr. DbI- 
u, and in law affairs with his agent, he was 
suddenly summoned to Newstead by the 
state of his molher's health : before he 
reached the Abbey she had breathed her 
last. The event deeply affected him; he 
liad not seen her since his return* and a pre- 
sentiment possessed her when they parted, 
that she was never to see hun again. 

" Notwithstanding the violence of her 
temper, and other defects in her conduct, 
her affection for him had been so fond and 
dear, that he undoubtedly returned it with 
unaffected sincerity ; and from many casual 
and incidental expressions which I have 
heard him employ cooceming her, I am 



1830.] Rbview.— Builer"3 ScmDH.— Cuvier's jtnimal Kingdom. ' 



I 



piniMdnl ilut hi] Glid lav« »u not U aov 
tJBK ewa of •B urJintr; kind. During 1»[ 
Ufa h« niglit (eel udcuj' mptniDg hrc. ip- 
pihcBiive on ucuuat of htt uncnvctiiilile 
.fUiiuDi uit iDdiKrelluM, lat cTie inaitDei 
la whicli lie limcptcd hei d»lli ttiniljr 
- Btovci Itut ihe intejg-rit} ofhi« iffcctiuii liad 
■actor btM injHiire't. 

ight nfur hit ariival at Oia 

4lbtw]i, ths niting-wflmaD nf Mr>. H]run, 

'fc palling tlis ilaiir of ilie ruom when ilie 

«orpie lav. btatd the luoiid of >oiii« CM 

tigtiing huailly ■iiliio, aiiil od cDieiing 

ftHnd hi( Lordship titling in the dark brtida 

tba bed. Slie nmooitnted with liim fur 

Mt gl'JDg way M gtief, whta lie bofit into 

tun wid nclaimed, ■ I bad Inii ooe fiiend 

r IbiIm world, aodilie 11 gone.' Of [lie hr- 

I gnncjr of lib loiruw I ani tlierefore dlapoieil 

I |a tlunk ihat there cnn br no 

I 4in eniltavDur aliii:!! he made I 

I kjr lodlferencr, wu • prauf of in depth ac 



; (hough he huarded the 
[ tf'th* wnrld bj ih< 
* MM the 



.f hii 



o foil. 



H.-ing 
ni nimtalf, hi 



And knliiiig fr 

■ainn, till the vnoie nan mateii awajr; 

■d (b«, Urning to one of the icmau, 
-J* oslj pcnuB IcfC, he deiiied him to (eccli 
I Ab tfnt'iag-giina, andprotceded niili^him 
T to bf* uaiul eierciie. But the iccne wu 
E oprcaajrct and ipnke eloqi 
I ^tarti— ha apam ' 



entljofa; 
in iiiencc all lli< 
ughi that he hit 



If ■■vr the gloTi 



E may add 



n Meh ttriking, 

•difjing illuitralmiia ni cnarncirr imm 

ihe poet'* boyhood to the H<rt«tin;3: 
fcene oT his deathbed, Mr. Gall's 
book nbounds. li caiuiol Wi\ lo be 
popular, fur it is llie only caiujilcle re- 
ord exunl or ihc whole life of one of 
he moil reniatkahlc mci) of any ageof 



4 StrmBn pnacJud ni All Saaili' Church, 
NvtilianpUm, o>i IVtdiitylat/, Jane 3a, 
lt30, al llu Sulh AnniBrrMeTy MrtltHg 



I>ing may ihii excellrni itiiine and 
prorouoi! »;holar cnjny ibe eaie and 
dignity of his learned retireintni from 
Bcadeitiictil drudgery I Siicli men aie 
indeed oaiional blcHiugt tvlicruoCTcc 
llieir lots may be casl; and such ihall 
hereafter obuin a ^odly iiiheriuince. 

The Jninal KirgArm dtscritcd and aTrangtJ 
in nnfarmity a-Uh ill organiiarion, h/ Oir 
Baren Cuvitr, Memtrr of the Imtilalc if 
F^aiicr. H^ih additional dacripiioiu iff 
oli the Species hitherla named,- of mamf 
not biJoTe nnlietd; and ulhtr ongiiuil mat- 
ter. Bt) Edvard Uriffith, F.L.S. and 
others. Part XXK ReplUia, Part I. 
Bw. pp. 193. 
THE |nirpoti» for which Providence 

inu-iuled various nninials, may in 



tahra of V 



iciesan whieli 
: reptiles purge the 



:ed from ihe longetiiy oT ihe 
tortoise class, viz. ihatihe shorter ihe 
life of an animul, the greater ii iis vi- 
vacity and sense of enjoyoient (n. 02). 
As lo the conforination Of the Lizard 
and Bairachian classei, which we decai 
peculiarly ugly, our authors say, 

" The remit of the moit extended and 



aniagei- 



j tmDgement 
lelj bird, 



ilniilated M 
the former. 

ceiuntlv on 



Tbeactiviljoflheli 

the wing 1 tlie loageviiy ana lentcilf ol IIIB 
io the culd-bluoded reptile ; and the intclli- 
geoce of man, caonnt co-exiil to loy tuaia- 
rial being, no mora than the prnporliei at ft 
i(|uare and a circle cu be uoiied in ono tnil 
the iinie simple ligore." — p, Bl. 
Adniiiiing, then, the ti< 
adapting ihc organiuiioiiof . 
their habils, Ihe laiiety oflbeir culoura 



iiiiiiiali to 



^IhtNotlhumploHDillrittCommiUcet^ »ppe»i» 
IhiSvdetiti/arpnmvlitiS Chrialian Jtnoii- Itoknow 
ItJgr, and/uT the propagalimof Iht Gospel isa print 



ton 






Biitler, a.D. liiclor 
Jeeriicrit* of the 
iiDpon, 1 830. 
. THIStrulyorlhodoxdiicourieCptinl- 
I ^ at the tci|urst of the Lord Bislioii of 
I ^e dloceir, and the oilier iiirmbera 
I preunO <s (Vom the cbts'tcal and 



uniformly avoid) ilie squaie 
and angular in all her organic works, 
and lliereibre acts upon rules. The 
varied colours of the caineleon ate 
iiiccely expiMiiont of liie pusions. 

We see the origin of the heraldic 

dragon in otie species of reptiles, con* 

iwcrful pen of ihc laic hesd-maiier of formed like the lixaid, which has on 

.school, aiid does honour 10 each side of its body a membrane, «uy> 

neat preacher's lican, poiittl bj nawj la^i, V>'} n\«un ^ 



in 



Aiviiw^— Piettnian oik the PreiMt Diitrmus, [Sept. 



which it can ran with greater quick- 
nns, or leap with greater force.—- p.4l. 
However abhorrent may be the rep- 
tile tribe in ^titral, the Order Che- 
lonta,or Tortoise Clats, is an exception. 
Among these is the Crreen Turile (Tes* 
tndo my dot), which was introduced as 
a luxury at no very distant period. The 
history of this new pleasure, whioh we 
hare no doubt Xerxes, when he adver- 
tised for one, would have been as de- 
lighted with as an Alderman, will 
■nase our readers. 

" Id the Gentleniaa't Magazbe for 1753, 
Is reoorded, 'FVkbj, Aug. 81, m turtle, 
wtighiog 350 poQnds, wu eat at the King's 
Armt Tavern, Pdl Mall ; the mouth of an 
•vtn was taken down to admit the part to be 
faaksd.' Again, in the tame work for the 
saoM year is notioed, < Satarday, Sept. 99, 
the "AriUr, Capt. CrayUm, lately arrived 
from the Uland o(Aiceniian, has brought in 
stferal turtles of above 300 pounds weight, 
which have been sold at a very high price. 
It mar be noted, that which it common in 
the west Indiet, it m luxury here.' And 
ODCO more, in the tame publication for 1754, 
we read, < Saturday, July 13, the Right 
Hod. the Lord Anson, made apretent to the 
gentlemen of fVlvUe** ChooolaSe House, of 
a turtle, which weighed 800 poundt weighty 
and which laid five eggs since in their pos- 
seasioD* Iti shell was four feet three inches 
Icmg, and about three feet wide. When its 
head was cut off, at least five gallons of 
blood issued from it, and so full was it of 
life, that the mouth opened and shut for an 
hour after it was cut off.* " — p. 87. 

We have heard (whether truly or 
not) that the Corporation of London, 
when a dinner was given to the Allied 
Sovereigns in 1814, offered 1000/. for 
a turtle, there being then none to be 
got. 

This work, we need not say, is most 
satisfactorily executed, and abounds 
with interesting and instructive matter. 

Resources qf the United Kingdom, or the pre- 
sent Distresses considered; their Causes 
and Remedies pointed out; and an outline 
of a Plan fir the estahliahmeni of a Na^ 
tional Currency, that vmtld have ajixed 
money value, proposed. By W. R. A. Pett- 
man. Captain in the Royal Navy, 8vo. 
pp.991. 

IN regard tonrticiesof indispensable 
consumption, nothing can create dis- 
tress in ihexendor hut ihe supply ex- 
ceeding the demand; a result which 
easily ensues from abundance of raw 
inatcrial, capital, and workmen, divi- 
non of labour, and machinery. It is 



needless to \nirsiw the tfuism to its 
consequences, which amoant only to 
these, that a roan cannot pay because 
he cannot get, nor employ becaose he 
cannot sell. The only remedies are 
suspension of production, or better 
market, of whicn the former only may 
be possible. The interval may occa- 
sion severe suffering, because hundreds 
live from hand to mouth. To rem^ly 
this state of things, Capt. Pettmati pro- 
poses the establishment of a National 
bank, and creation of paper by it, con- 
vertible into stock bearing interest, so 
as to give it a ne^ociable valne. Mr. 
Pettman is a very ingenious man, and 
it is certain that Governments lending 
money upon goods (t. e. in humble 
English^ turning pawnbrokers), under 
a contract in the borrower to repay the 
same with interest, is an old and suc- 
cessful mode of relief, practised Jin/ we 
believe b]f Tiberius, and occasional ly, 
under similar circumstances, ever since* 
The remarks and suggestions of Capt; 
Pettman well deserve attention; but 
entertaining, as we do, the greatest 
doubts concerninff the practicability, 
or even wisdom of forcing a trade, we 
decline committing ourselves. Gluts 
and inundations are of similar charac- 
ter; both suspend business, and both 
cure themselves, but never without in- 
jury, and often absolute ruin, where 
incomes arc contingent. The remedies 
proposed by speculators are generally 
as inefficacious as it would be to bring 
up fire engines, pumps, and syringes, 
to exhaust a flood ; which cannot be 
removed but by excision of the feeding 
streams. 

The Oxonians ; a glance at Society. By the 
Author of the Rou^, 3 vUs, 8uo. 

PA LEY says, that seduction is a 
fraud of which the injury is threefold ; 
1st. to the woman, who suffers the 
pin of infamy, the loss of her charac- 
ter, and generally of her moral prin- 
ciple; 2. to the family; 3. to the pub- 
lic, who lose a valuable member of so- 
ciety. Some writers have gone further 
than Palev, and class the criminality 
with murder, on account of its virtual 
consequences. An exhibition of these 
consequences in various ways, forms 
the moral object of this novel ; and so 
well aretheypourtrayedyihnt we shudder 
with horror ; and warn all parents 
a^^ainst laxity of vigilance, because 
" ubi lubido dominatur, innocentias 
Icve pra^sidium est." 



0.] 



7^« Otmtia 



or lat«, severe public noti 
been tnlifn of ihe immoral I lies 
tort. The follnivlng good i 
may, our author ihinkt, 
hiitriutiic cxpiirgali 






I In ahieh ult 

MBltiM, ll 



*■ ' I{<!inMi>li<r it.' Kfonltil ant At 
•cll*r, • I tJuJI D>*«r forcet itt nby I'm 
lenuencFi firabillm from lop U t«. 
lull from " ' i't^t <t iatigDii tott cuunUtur urb«.' " 
Here we >hall lea»e ihe Novel. The 
ii readered author Is veiy lucccisFul iti hli ex- 
a liii own posurei of vice, folly, and weBkiieM, 
... .1.- ^j ^^ recommend his book with ihii 
inusUDl addition, that udoeinoipalllaie 
ny faiiltt in the cluracteri by alirKiivt 
accinnpaiiimeais, which weiken the 



«ho 



ill of them eqimllj 
■p!*)'> » proipecl, 

a ilie highi ' ' 



. , ■■ _ °, accoinnanimeais, which weiken the 

.»hioh«iiv,ind».i^.ttdc..^ui- ^Jlu'^yimp'ebdon through loleresl- 
iplrit mi*, in & v«iMT of w»,,, '"8 '"= f"linp. Even where error ti 



I 



Mtlvi M ndth ud iadependtnci 
mA na*y preHnt oajteii Mi 
Bimti, iDd niking up in the 
nok tltc; bmov, bt ihe n 

panuh ttf ■ loldiH or « hi Iii< 
hH WMW nf time D)>partunii 
deioend lo the liboriuui lod 
thn of het mti\t, m htcara 
deptutuit opon th« cupTicn 
■ 'igfanilf, Hi^overDu 



teaduig liHle Toluinc, which ei 
ooadeoied hiicory of the ■ncient iohibiiuM 
of Devowhire and Coniwilt. la the eon- 
pugiiioa o{ tlie nark iha kulhur leliaimledgct 
thn he ll indiblxd tu the l>l«ufi of Horlus, 
Hitchini, H>wkio<, Speed, (nd other cele- 
bnteJ hlitoriui, ud the uuly merit he 



Under 



me to pet u 
the effect ol 
Ikiotu induleence, 

Judicei thould eiiit 
Whleh ifi may ini; I 
md Id whieh Accunj 
■right b* tnmighl into 
to their pmHiisn. 
Ihe oonnlliie uid eiuelt] 



tlw pablK ■ppeuwiei 
■t*g« K<i^ ihein the ] 
Md nlillE there ■ 



It, to 
of • h 




In the b^epliy of the Novrri, wc 

kive nhibilions of other chaiaciers, 

Siith good moral ohjecla. Amunglhese 

iti • pedantic patailiical par^no. who is 

rperpMully puunine ftooi the Claiiics, 

kerteiiTtiysucceurull;. The following 

M* a good ipecimeri of the opeit which 

Pfcc cub in this verhul lalialion. 

d by ■ pert lookiag girl, 

, if you pinte. Sir; le- 



of det» 


1.. The 


only objec 


ouable 


reoiuk 




offer, it. 


that he hu 






DoMly 


nto bbo 


out det>il>. 


All 


• end » 


=; 


d ■ Bieful, thnogh mher In 
iry of the Coroiih tongue. 


perfect, 


We 


hick th. 


t Ihe Repor 


^fih 


A««(y 


>r(Ae 


<Hffu»^ 


V" tlteful K 


ou.fcg. 


mefiu 


wun piuoiuige 


beeeuMthe 


deiign 


hu» 



to nippoie ihM fruity wd the 'ti^s era 

HI, the frierdi of respectable girli, 

ik froiD educating then) for ■ profcMina 

■liieh a*y enUil upon ihem the eSeeta of 

'"^- ■ !dU, and our thotiei are de- 

>, olnch 



■ -hjeoi ^ 

>lr. PoTNDtii'a Reply to the Hod. and 
I. Mr. PercLval'i " Reasamfir no! lii'ig 
Umber of IbtBibUSadfly" iglrnletint. 
aoH it do« oot touch npan Mr. P.'t 
undi of abjection, or the nialveiHlios of 

jC ahichithaiprcrfHied, but Dot ■Etetod. 



iceorihoaeulci 

K fostered intn •uectti, lo 

«e who eicited ihem, u 

ihe pleasure of the publio." — iii. 



rrit. 



the gral 



la Ihe Drad.—Thii little volume 

iliu of S3S Epiuphi, many of ihem orl- 

logltioDi, by the Rer. Dr. Luice 

ioar of Dudley. Th'ti egrenble 



line tlie 
, of the I 



i»I, If it 



I ihe place oF the nd irmh tccdtd- 
meiuledta their eustomen by eoualry itone- 
cDtUri j to them therefore we panicularty 
recommend itr a> herein they will 6ad epi- 
C»pi» luilable for |ienan9 uf all (^ and 

fancy, yutitli. manhood, or old age. 

Dr, FoBsTili luit publWhed, al Culchrilei, 
n pamplilel tuoualli^ of ■ Mmonal oJ- 
^runf e* lAt FreeholdiTi <tf E>mx, a« 'Ci.va 



te4 



Fme JrU. 



taljcet of the kt« vary ntrBordiBftiry contest 
ibr that eoaaty, between Mr. Welleele/t 
Mr. Wettem, and Mr. Tvrelly with tome 
hbtorical rcnuurks on the loog stm^le for 



[Sept. 

independent election made by Mr. Harvey, 
and a conciae hutonr of Connty politict^ from 
the ijeriod of the Maldon election of 1806*, 
'to the present period. 



FINE ARTS. 



yUws m the Basi ; eompridng India, Can* 
Ion, and ihs Shorn qf the Red iSmw— This 
beaotifnl work ranget in size with Batty'e 
Viewt.— -The Plates are to be engraved by 
the first artists, from original sketches by 
Capt. Robert Elliot, R. N. The first nam- 
ber is a fiivourable specimen. It contains, I . 
Hnmaioon's Tomb at Delhi j «. Tii Blahal, 
a splendid edifice at Agra; S. Tiger IiUnd, 
nt the mouth of the river Tigrb, near Can- 
ton. The interest of Europeans in British 
ImSa, u rapidly on the increase! It is so 
rich in natural sceneij, as well as in dbtin- 
guished specimens of oriental architecture, 
as pagodas, temples, palaces, forts, &c. 
that £b present work, in the able hands to 
which it IS entrusted, and the agreeable size 
in which it is executed, cannot &il to be 
auccesflful. The descriptions are entertaio- 
faig, and written with considerable spirit. 

Landscape Illustrations of the Pfaverley 
Nooels.—Tht Fifth Number of these Illus- 
iratioos contuos four beautiful gems of art. 
The first is St. Mary's Abbey, by Prout ; 8. 
Holy Loch, by J. D. Harding; 8. Both- 
well Castle, by Reinagle ; and 4. Peel Castle, 
by Gastineau. The whole are engraved in 
his most finished manner, by £• Finden. 
To praise this work is now unnecessary. It 
is universally known, and cannot fiiil to find 
•II admirer in every one who inspects it. 

Part IV. of PompcicuM, brSir W. Gill, 
has plates equal to the three preoediug 
numbers. Plate 53 is a very elepmt apart- 
ment— -the Fountain of Shells. Two other 
Plates consist of Pictures of Infant Her- 
cules bathed in the Styx, and Theseus and 
Ariadne i both beautifully grouped. Piste 
81 is a curious representation of a Waggon 
tar conveying Water. Behind are two fi- 
gures with cantharse, or Ull narrow pitchers, 
one of which is being filled by a {ripe from 
the waggon. 

Select Fiews of the Lakes of Sco!land,Jrom 
Paintings by John Flemings and engraved h/ 
Joseph Swan; tvith historical and descriptive 
Jltustratiuns, by John M» Leighton, Esq.-—' 
The same trio of ulected individuals, in 
their various departments, who produced so 
beautiful a volume illustrative of the '* Views 
on the Clyde,'* have in this work again 
combined to favour the public with a work 
mi the " Lakes of Scotland." The first 
Number cimtains three Plates of Loch-Lo- 
Mood, ami these uc accompanied with a 



very foil description. The Plates are highly 
beautiful ; the points of view are picture»qBe 
and happily selected, and the prints are exe- 
cuted in the highest style of line engraving. 
Each part will be illustrative of one, or two, 
of the principal Ukes. Tho whole will be 
eoesprized in about a dosen Numbers { and 
the present work will form an excellent 
oonpanion to the ** Views on the Clyde." 
It b highly deserving of eooouragement. 

The PanoraflM cf Switterland, as viewed 
fion the summit of Mont Righi, is an ad- 
mirable specimen of art. The views were 
drawn from nature by H. Keller, and en- 

Saved by J. Clark. They embrace the 
ountains of the Schwarxwakl, or Black 
Forest, Gothard Pass, Jura Mountains, Lake 
of Lucerne, and other bterasting scenes of 
that wiU and romantic country. To thie 
Panorama a companion is appended, embeU 
Ibhed with a circular view of the country^ 
by General Plyffer» and comprising a de- 
scriptive account of Mont Righi, and of 
the celebrated prospect obtained from ita 
summit. ■ 

We have been fitvoured by an eaily peep 
at the Illustrations of the mtUer's IVrcatk 
far I8dl. They will be found equal to any 
of the predecessors of thb popular annual. 
The following real views are truly beautiful : 
Dove Dale, by Barber (the most interesting 
of the set) i Interior of Antwerp Cathedral, 
by Wiki{ Delos, by Linton (an exquisite 
gem^ ; and Cologne, by Austin (equally 
good). Sacred subjects: a good copy of 
Wcsrs Three Maries at the Tomb of Christ ; 
the Deluge, by A« Mosses ; and St. Cecilia, 
who b a fine woman, but dressed too gaily, 
fitter for an earthly drawiug-room rather 
than the heavenly choir. Two beautiful 
rustic subjecu are. The Cottage Farm-yard, 
bv Barker ; and a Peasant and her child, by 
Weaull. The Bandit's Home b a fine view 
of a Swiss ravine. Two Female Heads, an 
<* English Flower," and « U Hu^rfuoa de 
X^on," by Messrs. Harmves and Leversege, 
complete the series. All the Plates are ex- 
quisitely engraved. 

We have seen a specimen of the " Re-* 
membraneer," a new annual, edited by Mr. 
Thomas Roscoe; and we can confidently 
say, that if the embcllishmenu of the forth- 
coming volume be equal in design and exe- 
cution to **the Orphans," by Rolls, and 
** Mont Blanc," by Fenner, there can be 
little doubt of its success. 



I ls3a] 



( SS5 ) 
LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. 



New H'arki anmuneed ftx Pulliealioa, 
A Hiilorj of tha Abbtj of Si. Mtrr 
wiihsne iha ■itli nf the City of York. B7 
EuiTACHtDi STRiotiiltb, nq. B»rriii»t-it- 
i.». Til. mot]i »iMfbrin I x.lume io4tt.., 
and bs ««o(np«nieil hjr FinmviD|>ii xni 
•lehingt, hremiodit irtiili, fi^in dnwlnn 
mda on th* spot hy Mr, BromiF, of Yoct, 
wilh • Orimnd-pbn of th» Abbej. 

A 0«* •od complfte HiitoiT of tha 
Counlj of Lincoln. From ■clul ionvj, by 



Q. Honlii Flacd Opera : witli as OrJo 
iaurliuall} iwitlitAt. and r«tiniinan Dk- 
MJitMlooi aio.trati*e of tha Uft, Writimn. 
lod Venlfimtioq of Horua. Bt PA 
•)UTT*LL, LL.D. editor nf Ju-enur, S.[irai. 
/irgil'i BuGolici, Ike. on lb* ume plao. 4 



Tbovh Allcp. .. _ 

vfYnrliah'ire, Lambotli, &c. tlUiitnted by 



\„ Tha Livei of tha Icaliia Po*U. Br tbo 

n.. H.UO..S.. A... I r .1 '... 



^^■CtrandC 
^B Wa]it« 
^^FMiU to I 
^^~ Pltdtnant. 



ind Cathedial 
'a]it«'i(D Ramrchei dui 
to die WatdcQin of t 

- -, the R*». V 

HA. Iae«>.»itliltliiiint!a 
Th* tT»e Dignity uf Humai 



m of tha ""'e R*Mnrj of V»liiheiid. 



iIwRm.W. D<v 



, Mioi 



I Nature ( 
lonality. By 
of Chc Crafl 



Lire and the hvi 
a Poetry of thi 
. Pofti 
Sayan, M.D. 



By Uie R«. 

JriKiuf 



Co wliich itprsGitd fail Dia. 
Engliih Poetiy aod Eoirliah 
lao ■ Life. By W.T*?n,ii 



_il FfiKoiy of EDgland, from ili< 

' Bnobtth m tlic abdicalioii uf 

Saaonl. BtRokert Vaughak 

" Tbc Uk and Opinion, of Wy. 

A Lelt*r to Hanty Itroo^ham 



.oTugal 



lit State of Ug] _ 

t>lao,DiicipiiMiJ>irii; or Svi 
Etagatioo. By Uao, B. M.N 
Brkith Coloniia Sl«eiy. Deliieied 1 
Bndfonl, York, and ;S«rboruui'h. By th 
Rm. BtMJ. Godwin. 
The Pbiloaopby of Sleep, coBUiabg dii 
nhitiam 00 e»*7 ■ubjnct cooneoted «itl 
Bkep. By Mr. M.cn.jh. 
Dr.. M'LiOD aod Dewab'. New Gneli 
Dtcliouarr. 

A Sele^on of tlic bett Gaelic Songi 
By Mr. MuKnat. 

Gaalio SemioDi, undei the luperlntend 

MeaDfUt.DEWiR. 

_ Putrai Ecelitiarumj or ■ Liil of thi 
~ ia of the PknltiM aad Livbgi of tbi 
[llRiled CliBrch ofEDgiiud and Ireliuid. 
1 Tha Clul1«n|a '>f a Dein uceuted j 01 
la Eiaminition of Olijeetiuni to ftavalaiioi 
IMIunad in "The Age of Kes» " 
' By JoHK Thomai, 

I, Lnibbory. 

ProieHOt Jamudn liaa Dadertnkeo, far 
~ oatablt'a Miii;ellany, an edition ufWil- 
I't ftttt Work nn Atnerican Ornithology. 
L aaw edition of Major Hihhilt.'> Gea< 
■phy of Herodoliw, printed from tba 



Oiifiinal Poemj. By T. M'Bbam, Eiq. 
Cooienu ;— Tha Force of Beauty :— Cuib- 
hert aod Amelia i ni, the Penance uf Ge- 
uiui, aT»le;~K*oiingtonGardent. 

The .Arrow uid tha Roia, with otlier 
PoriM. By WiiLiiM KtBHHDV, Author of 
" Fitful Fanuia.." Ac. 

Hmhanh on the Greek Mecrei, abridged 
and traoilated into Engllih, for the uie of 
Schnol. and Collefjei. By the lU*. J, 



TlieTem 



•leofMelekartlia. 

■ad Emigration 1 by Bqdert 

q- 

ih Henld. or Cabioel of Arioa- 
ofllie Nobility tod Gentry of 
I and Ireland, from the e>rlieit 
le preieot time. By Thomas 



Wil,nn'. Aneric 


an Omlthnlotry, By Sir 


W. J.aDiNt. Bar 


, F.R.S.E. K.L.S. &e 


-IththecontTnuati 


n by Cbvle. Lncien Bo- 


niparte) the fnrin 


r publiibed in Philadel- 



The I 



t copy. 



diofFmi 



„n TbeT«lf», or Moor of Portugal, a Ro- 

od niBDce. By Mrs. Batr, Author of De Foil, 
of Til* White Hoodi, &e. 

The Britiib Merehant'i Auiitant. By 
■..,. G. Grus. 

Tl.e Km Vnlome of the Qiiadr.ipeda of 
the ZooUgieal Gardent. 

Map of the Netherludii being the Si ith 
Part of the Family Cabuiei Atlaa. 
The Wbler'a Wreath, fiir U31. 
Frieodihip't OlFeriDg, fiir 1831. 
Le K'epiak« Fnoijin, tin \%'A\i%V«- 
tnUd with e'^\itHa «agin~tnt|,t. 



i 



[ a5« ] 

SELECT POETRY. 

THE ROYAL BRITISH TAR ; 

Ofy «< Our Sovereign's c SaUor."^Bj J. Bisfirr, Esq. 

A S IWelv Ben Brisk from a eruitt itm Juat IuuUiig» 
^ H»w» bail'd with <« A hoy, boy ! " by MaU MarisieUf 
They had been auondtm chumi wbf n oo board of tht N«|itiiiie« 
Twenty yean nad tlipp'd knot a inee these metimatet bad met. 
With a ur Joyous gniPi uid a wani-heaitcd olaspy 

Quoth Matt, <* Welcome home« my. old boy» mMn your crniae $ 
RowU ffVliam they say is procUimed to dav, 

Brave Clarence is Kuro, Ben — tbete *s glorioiis news I " 
The tidbgs had spread as op channel when steering, 
(The pilot to all the glad news bad made known), 
Whilst the crew o'er their flip, thne t«mee thrioe bad been cheering, 

" Hivra, boys, a Sailor has mounted the throne !" 
Ben turning his quid, said he, ** The young Mid 

Was a yare one as e'er reef d a mainsail, ^ troe | 
The heart of hb Grace lay in the right plaoe, 

ffilliani'Hemy was always the lUe of the crew." 
*< Odds, Neptune !" said Matt, *' abee a netval commemder. 

The rudder <f state is appointed to guide. 
No longer need Britain dread shipwreck or danger* 
To light her our Nautical Kino will take pride. 
He 's a magnet, my boy (to the netion wiah j€7)» ' 
The pole Magna Charu he 'U keep in full view ; 
As a patriot they *11 find, a prince to their mind* 

A real British tar and a royal true Hue" 
Said Ben, ** I suppose there will be grant promotion* 

Of Mids, Luffs, and 'Captains^ bar Bertnoofiir, and CaXi 
Should Bimutde Bob get a shove, I've a aoCion 

I should like his snug berth, and pop into hie box." 
Matt rctilied, ** Lads of spirit he 'U rank as to merit. 
Our SoviBKiON 's a sailor, his character 'a known i 
And I '11 go to old Davy, if the pndi of the now 
Does not prove the ehirflmUioark and pride of the Throne!" 

STANZAS Where our bosoms wen fondly pliehted, 

mUten beneath a TVee where a Lady had ThTL'^ *?^ T'''?'l'^li^"* ' 

carved her name. * ■ '* '* ***** deeply dinted. 

To dread the wild storms which rave ; 

J^IGHT aspen leaves are treraWing, And tbb lieart by thy love imprinted. 

In tlie depth of that greenwood glade ; The tempest of fiite shall brave ! . 

Where beech and ode assembling, 5 ^^e moon's pale beam I wander* 

Outspread their chequering shade. 'xo gaze on that lonely tree ; 

O er those emerald tresses flying, ^nd with musings, sweetly ponder 

Tu i' uTi? "** 5*°*j*^.r"* V- ^ **»**> »y '**^«' **°»y *^** ' 

The hush d breeze is AmUy sighing, ^i,^ ^^1^ ^^ce cHscloses 

Like a lever s fond fiirewell ! ^^ch braid of thy glossv hair , 

In that copse-wood, wild and lonely, That soft cheek out-(Uzz1ing roses. 

As I wend at dose of day; That bosom than lilies fiiir. 

Mujing on those dear scenes only, q^ ^^^ moss-grown rooU reclining, 

Whose bright spell is far away, When Philomel trills her lay ; ^ 

How this fooutep fondly lingers. t^„ .^^^ ^ ^^y^ CynthU shining 

Neath one tree in that leafy bower; sUver soft each waving .pray. * 

Where my lady-love s own fingers No sound through that glade is stealing, 

Grav d her name in a sportive hour ! Save the music of fklfing waters ; 

Ah! little the deem'd while tracing No dream, save that bright one revealing, 

That spell witli her snow-white hand* The loveliest of Beauty's daughters ! 

Would kindlea burning brand I Perchance in an after year* 

%^>" *i?** ^ "^^ ^"^ f^'. B*«*^»» thU embowerini gr^ve, 

Did'st thou not, aweet giH, imply jo mark our name. 7«%i b^re ; 

Thrt this mystMi «;«; ""f* Bid him gaze on that bLen lyre, 

OurheMnewMcIoeertm? WUichliangs oi> the IfjaflcM^fie ; 

B/eadeBrhg vowe united, And who%« sweeW«^ int^ v^Vvk, 

OA, this wes the bellow*d spot, Wii\\ l\\ee, vn^i \oNe, utiV) \3ma\ 

Ma 1/19, \^»0 . K» i w&^^ , 



[ sr,; ] 
HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



FRANCE. 

citnordiniry eicitalion contc- 
iin the late Rvvolijiiori, He are 

lo ■(), it graduill; lubsiiJiiiet 
E impottible to ooiiecfll tlie li ~ 



eriul i 



..f ll.i. re 



ttie 



■■liineti of Euroji* Usve 
uiiuweo IDG example. 

The Naiioii*] Guinl lioc b«tii nrgin- 
ird »al) amaiing rnjiiJiiy. It it cal- 
ulaied ihat the whole farce of Frnnra 



will ai 



Champ I 



e SSih or / 
or Parit H. 



On I 



the Nalin 
ieireJ in i 



aixlK 



I 



"f llie peufle beuome. In the furmer 
French r>^¥ululion the piipulir Torce e%- 
bled in Ihe inuit viciout and Oi^criuleil 
of tbe people, and ths rlTeett were 
'queiitly iif a inu» tHIiRuinary and 
ioui ckaricler. Bui ihe tirat im- oitru lor i 
pcllii>K power! or Ibe Ute revulutiun pro- (lie handi 

Kdvd neither from (he h>gh nor the Ihe |«Dpli 
, bul [rora the miildh: elaiieg, — 
J ben, in reality, the muni and inlel- 
elualiirFn|;lh of a nation cbirfly exiiia. 
Tbiy eulKHiecl almoit entirely of pio- 
feMlunal men and ibe wotking cUitES. 
We kuoK or no instance in ibii country, 
twr ilrictly ipeaking in any other, uf 
open pliyeleal residance to e«labtiihed 
■ulbonty, proceedins from a siniilar 
body or yeuple. Men who luught 
oeitber politicil power nor diitinclinn 

leled evtutt, icbicb may aHurd am|>1e 
warning and example to all kings and 



. iully armed, and 
in new and aplendid unifurmi (piir- 
cbiied at (heir Diin eipente). went 
lb rough their mnvemiult with tbe rcgn- 

lariiy of old eoldien, and, lu ad<<pt the 
language of Ihe Consliluliwiurl, tiruiiR 
in ibeir military atlilude I 



I'l Ibe ■' Suvereiirn 
' Ibeil 



i"B (r"0 



dhy 



Lguit-Philii>pr, the ne* King of Ihe 

I be deterrea. He it coni>aiiily engaseil 
He hat tcc<;ive.l drpn- 
arly every city 



look a voluntary oath uf ubedienre and 
Rilelily. When ihe King prc>en(ed (he 
colour) (o tbe depiKationi appuiiited to 

il ii wilb great eallifaeiion I find myielf 
in the midst of youg 1 |[b>ry in teeing 
again tbe culuurt under which I (uughc 
111 order lo eKpel Toreignert frnm our 
country. Tbeie cnloun will he the tig- 
nal round which we will rally to preterre 
urder at home, and make ourtelvet re- 
ipected abroad." Lafayette acted ai 

and received on Ihe ground the eongia- 
tulatloni of the Munieipalily uF Parit. 

By an ordinance of tbe King the Gen- 
darmerie of Farit ii auppre'ted. By a 
second ordinance a (peeial corpt ii lo 
be atiablitbed, lo perform the dutie* of 
ihe watch and police uf tbe melropolli. 
pal Guard of 



I Ibe alate, betide* girmg auuiencet (u 
[ nearly all tbe men who have tignahied 
t Ibemielvt) in the eauie of the people hy 
[ tboir cervlcei, miliiary or civil. In ad' 
) dition tu ihii, not a dny haitlapied that 
I fce hai not presided at a council of Mi' 
[ liiaten, which uiually tal from tbree to 
r huun. He bai bren formally ac- 
I tmowledged, as King of Ihe French, hy 
I tbe Engliih Covernmeiit. The Brili'h 
I AnbaiMdor, Lord Stuart de Rothtiy. 
[idcUveml bit credenliali on the Ut of 
i\ bit Lordthip went to 
• King'i Palace in ttate, accomfianied 
]>tbeSFCTelarie>DFlheEiDba«y. Tbe 
itobavedilTuted 



Pari 



Thii 



?.arp' 



of mediHle 

(o The Bill for re|: 

ed lege, according (a 

hy to tbe 



till he I 
Ihe Prefec 



Kull olferei) 
he Gflebra- 
oSence, hai 



palled the Chamber of Peen by a majo- 
rily of on to 5. 

A tuperb banquet wai lately given hy 
tbe Prelect and Municipality of Parit, 
at ihe Maium di Ullf, in honour nf the 
lympaiby ibewn hy Ihe Cnglitb people. 
Lafayette and many diitinguitlied 
Frenchmen were pre'eni, and leveral nf 



of a 



addrei 



e bearer 



ovV* 



ijijiwCTHiJ 



r, 1130. 



258 



Foreign News, — Revolution in the Netherlands^ 



[Sept. 



Alto given a great banquet, to nrhich De 
Potter and the other Belgian exiles, iirid 
Pr. Bowring, were iiivUcfd. Among llie 
toaslBwas, ** The English nation, ihauks 
for their generous exeitioiis, and peace 
and union with thero for ever." 

During some late disturbances in Paris, 
a great deal of machinery wai destroyed 
by the workmen, whose rage appeared 
to be particularly directed against the 
nachinet used for printing. In the 
printing-oflice of M. Taillard several 
were destroyed ; and at M. Selligue's 
the mob broice to pieces a sieam print- 
iiif^ machine which cost 30,000r. 1'hey 
went next to the office of the Canstitw 
Hameif for the purpose of destroying the 
printing machines ; but it being repre- 
sented to them, that the journal, which 
was their best friend and advocate, could 
not appear if thus ir^ured, they desisted. 

On the Sd of September bodies of 
Journeymen printers went to the nfliices 
of several journals printed by machinery, 
and demanded that they should be 
printed with the ordinary press, in order 
to employ a greater number of hands. 
Several of the papers were, in conse- 
quence, temporarily discontinued. This 
violent opposition to machinery has at 
length subsided, and the journeymen 
have returned to business. 

There have been disorders at Nismefy 
arising, it would appear, out of contests 
between the partisans of the Jesuits, and 
their opponents ; the character of this 
commotion was so serious, that troops 
had been marched to Ni»mes. 

The Report of the Commission ap- 
pointed to investigate the charges against 
rbe ex-ministers, for si^cning the ordi- 
nance of the 25 lb of July, has been 
published. They are represented to be 
^ilty of high treason, and those who 
have been taken, and now confined to 
ike castle of Vincennes, will immediately 
be brought to trial. 

THE NETHERLANDS. 

The late Revolution in France has 
begun to produce its effects in neigh- 
bouring nations. A tremendous explo- 
sion has taken place in Belgium, which 
we sincerely hope will be allayed with- 
out any serious political oonvuliilon. It 
is generally known that the Belgians 
have never been sincerely attached to 
the Dutch government, under which 
they were placed in consequence of the 
overthrow of Buonaparte, and henee it 
was concluded that the Revolution in 
France might be followed by some 
movements in that country. On the 
S4th of Aug. there was an article in the 
Oovernment paper published at Brolfels 
wbicb spoke of the happiness enjoyed 



by the Belgians ; this appears to have 
irritated the public mhid. On the 
evening of Wednesday the $5th, a mob 
assent bled and attacked the h«iu8e of ilie 
editor of Le National, After breaking 
into tlte house, the mob proceeded to gut 
it of every \\ung it contained; paper, 
presses, types, furniture, every thins: 
was seized and scattered into the street. 
They afterwards broke the windows of 
the Court of Assiie, and destroyed the 
furniture, &c. of the Director of Police. 
By this time the town was in an uproar, 
and the troops got under arms. The 
crowd next went to the Hotel of Van 
Maanen, the Minister of Justice (who is 
very obnoxious) ; they ransacked it and 
set it on fire, repulsing the soldiers and 
firemen who attempted to save it. 
During the night arms were seiied at 
various places. In this state affairs 
continued till day- break on Thursday, 
when the streets were filled with drunken 
people, parading about, some armed 
with guns, and others flourishing naked 
sabres over their heads. About six 
o'clock in the morning the military 
commenced firing upon the populace, 
and many fell. The resistance of the 
people was very determined. In many 
places the royal arms were pulled down. 
As the morning advanced the Burgher 
Guard be^n to make its appearance ; 
there was evidently a disinclination in 
the military to fire on the citizens ; 
and ultimately there seemed to be a 
mutual agreement that they should re- 
tire to their barraeks, and leave the care 
otthe city to the Burgher Guard. About 
three o'clock In the day, the ancient 
standard of Brabant, red, orange, and 
black, was displayed on the Town Hall, 
and detachments of the Bnrgrher Guard 
carried it about the streets. — ^The whole 
affair seems to have taken place without 
premeditation. It would appear that 
the King of the Netherlands is not ge- 
nerally unpopular ; he is a man of good 
sense, and good feeling ; but some im- 
prudent prosecutions instituted against 
certain popular journals, followed by the 
banishment of ibe conductors, turned 
the tide against him and his Ministers. 

Early on the morning of the S7th, the 
principal citizens Joined the officers of 
the Civic Guard in the barrack of the 
Annonciades. They called for arms, 
which were given them, and in a short 
time patroles of the Burgher Guard were 
organized, and appeared in the streets. 
They interposed between the combat- 
ants, and relieved several posts which 
were occupied by the flreraen and the 
troops of the garrison. A proclamation 
of the Magistrates was distrrbnted and 
posted up, anivoucvcxix^ l\x« abolition of 



I 



Xewi. — Revoliilion ii 



Ibemauture (or lu upon the Eriiirllne 
or gnia, wblcb afftclcd the price uf 
brvad), ilill etiadne il Brutirlj h a 
municipal i», iind Inviiing all ihe cit)- 

tnalnteniinoeorihepubllciecurily. Mran- 
liue abDiK noon, Ihe Burgbcr Gnaril, 
wbiu* numbers cuDlinually increaiid, 
pMnillpd ihe city in all' directioiii. 
Tbciruupt bod diiennlinueii nil attacks 
in ihrilnfll*; th«y f«ll back lowardi 
the KinR'i Palace, whwe the Roial 
Caard atipiiibled, or rclirrd : 






Kkt, all ri 






tbe patrol* con- 
tinura lo traverse ine city. All Ibe 
sruml men who were met olib were 
emho'lled, and their pretence became 

lb* diiufder, wbicb tbey would hare 
rxrited, lod th>?ii proceed to pKlafce. 
11)0 firmiieai and aclitity of the ciiUcn* 
pr<*enl«d Ihil miiforlune. 

III ilie mean time all ibe piiticipal 
townt or lbs Nelberlandi orre in a 
*inl«nl EtUe or anxiety and cnaimotion. 
A( Livge, Tournay, Hun<, Brugfs, atid 
Namuri the ntmutt >(;ililii>n prevailed, 

IV Bu>f;>>r''(^»"<l of BruiscU bating 
Iba entire rooimaiid oF ibe ciiv, ibe 
afair, uhicli leeDied, in tbe firrt in- 
■tince, ID be tlie mere utipiemeditateJ 
ebullition uF an eicited mub, began la 

ti^ly forniidihle to the eaiitiiig Giivern- 
■nenl. It bvcama tvldeiil that il mai 
no longer ■ mere eoniett hetneen the 
mub and the penuna in autbority, but 
> dtiptite btlwren tbe cilizeni and ibe 
King, ai to tbe extent of tbeir priiileges 
and eontlilmional rigbti, ol nhieti they 
Menedto eontider ibemiclvet deprived. 
In contequence oF IbixilualiDiiuf affairs, 
the Prince of Orange, at the bead of a 
rontiderable force, arrived on Toetday 
the SOtb in (be vicinity of Briiuelij but 
liftrflng tbat tbe inbabilanta were re- 
aplved tu oppoie tbe entrance at ibe 
troopa, and tbat tbey mre miking far- 
ilidabta ■rrangtmenli For that iiurpoe, 
be witcly abtiniiied Ip.m pruvukii.g a 
baiilr, "lilcb iiiml have caatrd ilie 
hiiudredsi if nut of ib.iu- 
r.llirr-. luljecli. OmIiit 
lt|iliM.ntatian made In bim of iWe itaie 

' wttivrily, Ilia Hitbnet* comenied to 
!Rt«tii an WednetilHy with tim* inrm- 
bvrtulfaii iiaff uiilyi and wkIkiui any 
iilbet ItMips. Trie commandant »l (iie 
c^iB forte is«u<rd an urilcr of the diy For 
tbe citlieni tu aHcnible at ten o'clock, 
in ibciquareuf the Hotel deVille; but 
before tbey met, the Prince wnt to 
■ ' ' y abouU 1.7 down ibeif 

^iralou*. Tu tbia CDtOiD-iinf a potiliv« 



negative wai returned, and It *»( 
■nme lime duuhlful, whetlier lili Royal 
Kigbness would appear under the Bra- 
bant flag, which bad diiplaced the 
Orange. Tbe urgency ul tbe occaaioii, 
however, made bim wave even thii 
point, and be truiled lilmtelf alone, 
wjtbput ironptorisiijianreofany kind, 
among BOOO or 10,000 armed citi tent, 
who bad thrown aiirle the colnurt <.f bit 
family, and a^iumed Ibof oF tbe ancient 
province. Ttia square of ihe Hotel de 
Ville probably never exbibiled a finer 
display than when each of tbe cijht 
tectioni had taken up their poiiiioot, 
with tbelr apprupriate flags and wiib 
glittering armi. Tbey not only dis- 
placed tbe irl-cnioDr on their itand- 

coi-kade at bis buttoii-bule, and m 



tn bad ti 






Hii Royal Highness, 

panied by three AideB-de-Camp, 
tlie city at about half-past one, 
■ Ihe Hotel de-' ■■ 



dthci. 



.■clock 



He< 



nclyai 



to procRcd directly to the Pnlac 
unt going 10 the Hotel de Ville at ail i 
but ihctgwer clos^ of tbe iiibabilanlc 
insiited tin his going lo pay homage li> 
the chy nuihonlics; A dictation I 



obliged t 



suhmi 



At 



the Hotel de Ville be made a ipeech in 
a very animated manner, in wblih bu 
prumis-d to satisfy tbe reaionable witliet 
of Ibe Belgians, mid announced Ihe for- 
milioii oF a Commiitiun to consider 
their grievance). He then rude ofT with 
tbe cavalry part of the Civic Guard ; 
and going too fast, narrowly escapid 
being killed by une of ibe posts, who 
thought that he was flying (lom the 
city lo call in the troops. All ihe Guards 
nflrrwards p>si(d in review before him. 
The Commiisitin which bad been 
nominated by the Prince oF Orange lu 
dlKusi the claims and ascertain the in- 
tent ioni oi the Flemish people, met on 
Friday the 3d of September, whin a 
leparaiioii of Belgium and Holland was 
T(Bu|veri oil. At the coticluilon of the 
he Prince oF Orange dissolved 



le Clin 



inda 



I by 1 



11ruisel>, ciplaining the 
full eitent of ihe a-ptniion demanded 
by the Pirmiib people. Tliif ti expretaed 
lube " ■ eomplelo separaiioii between 
ihe aouibrrn and iioribirn pruvincct, 
withiiot any otbcr point of cunlacl than 
the rci-nrne dynasty." His Rujal 
Htgbneis imrordlalely priKceded to tbe 
Ujgue. where he arrived on tlie 4ili, 
and on the following da^ ^Vlt V.\w% lA^ 
tba Nelbcilaiiis U^uiA k v^™^^*'"'*'^"^ 
and in a cttm aii4 i[*\ciin.\ ^^ip^\. 



MS 



Forog» Nmtt, 



[Sept. 



ti*l rMtf» have also taken place at Chem- 
uiiMp Heite CasMll, and atbcr places. 

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. 

Nothing decUive hai yet been effected 
In the Peninsula. The Spanish Cou- 
stUotionalists have been gradually as- 
sembling on the Pyrennean frontiers, 
and the government authorities, in full 
eipectation of the meditated blow, are 
every where on the alert. The Consti- 
lutionalists have published a " Mani- 
festo," of considerable length, fully de- 
tailing their views and otijects. It main- 
tains that one of the fundamental prin- 
ciples uf the ancient laws of the king- 
dom, authorises Spaniards to combine 
iind take up arms against the King when 
he shall abuse the power mhich those 
laws declare ** was given him only for 
the public good ;" or when he shall for- 
get the obligation imposed on him, in 
the words of the law, of being *< more 
watchful of his people's welfare than hia 
own.*' The manifesto, upon this point, 
adds, that there is not in Spain a mure 
ancient and authorised custom than such 
a rising of the people to repress dedpo- 
tisro, when it infringes on the national 
liberty. In many instances, it sa)r8» 
have the Spaniards, acting upun that 
principle, dethroned their King, and 
placed the kingly power in other bands 
The manifesto declares that << the Di* 
reeling Junta of the Insurrection" has 
constituted itself, for the present, a Pro- 
visional Regency, on the ground that 
the King, being in the power of a (ac- 
tion that rules bim, is incapable of go- 
verning. It is enjoined that the Re- 
gency shall be solemnly proclaimed 
throughout the kingdom, and that all 
the authorities, civil and military, shall 
obey it, until the National Congress shall 
have assembled. 

In Portugal numerous arrests have 
taken place, and the greatest constern- 
ation has prevailed, since the affairs in 
France have become known. Don Mi- 
guel has been compelled, by the British 
government, to restore the merchant 
vessels which had been captured off Ter- 
ceira by the Portuguese blockading 
squadron, the commander of which lias 

been dismissed the service in disgrace. 

TURKEY. 
The Albanians have been for some 
time in a state of open rebellion against 
the Porte i and from all accounts the 
province may be considered as lost to. 
the Turks. A communication from Bel- 
grade, dated Aug. 7, states that the 
grand Viaier has been guilty of the most 
barbarous treachery. When be arrived 
jir JBitu^lia he felt convinced that he 
gl/oa/J aMtJiin his object with difficulty 
^udshwly by force of arm?, and had 



recourse to stratagtm. With this view 
be sent messages to all the Albanian 
ebiefs with the declaration that he had 
come to Bitoglia by order of the Porte, 
with a commission to listen to the com- 
plainu of the Albanians and to satisfy 
their just demands, and he therefore in- 
vited them lo come in person to Bitoglia. 
In consequence of this invitation, a great 
number vf them immediately s«t out (or 
Bitoglia. accompanied, by way of pre- 
caution, by an escort of 5000 men. On 
their arrival they were permitted to 
make their escort encamp at the gates, 
and the Grand Vizier gave the chiefs an 
audience; after listening to their de- 
mand, which was the payment of A(teen 
millions of Turkish piastres, he de- 
clared that they had only to wait a short 
time at Bitoglia, till the arrival of the 
sums placed at his disposal by the go- 
vernment. The Albanians being thus 
made easy, had already waited fuur days, 
when the Grand Vizier sent them wurd 
uue morning that he was going to re- 
view his regular troops, aoiuunting to 
15,000 men, aud that he invited them 
to be spectators. Tbe Albanian cliiefs 
suspecting nothing, went to the place at- 
tended bya» escort of 400 men only, when 
during the evolutions they were suddenly 
surrounded by tbe Turkish troops, and 
massacred to tbe last man. After this 
dreadful carnage, tbe troops marched 
against the escort of the Albanians, en- 
eamped ^w tbe other side of the town, 
which immediately took flight. But as 
tlie Grand Viiier had caused all ihe 
roads to be previously occupied, a very 
small number of Albanians escaped the 
sword of the Turks. 

AFRICA. 

Tunis, -^M^. 10. Count de Larocho- 
foucault, sent by France to Tunis with 
extraordinary powers, has concluded a 
new treaty with the Regency of Tunis, 
of which the following are tbe principal 
articles: 1. Henceforward full and en- 
tire liberty is to be enjoyed by the com- 
merce of all nations, and the Dey will 
cease to levy the monopoly which he ex- 
ercised formerly. 2. The cession of the 
island of Tabarca to France. 3. No tri- 
bute is to be paid henceforward. 4. The 
Turks now emploved in military service 
are to be sent back to their country. 5. 
If a vessel belonging to any nation what- 
soever be shipwrecked on the coasts of 
Tunis, if a sailor or a passenger be assas- 
sinated or ill-treated on the above coast, 
the Regency will be obliged to pay tbe 
value of the vessel and of its cargo. 6. 
Piracy is prohibited, and in case of war 
with any power, the Tunisians will have 
no right to attack merchantmen. 7. 
The slaves shall be restored to liberty. 



[ M3 1 
DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



I rite anil itcliigs ths ooun- 
J (ar auiei in «ve>; dlrtcliDD. la minj 
■•, hoDiH h>«a b«D >ii«st ■way. 
laoftiielnmueihsvcpetiiliFil. Oa 
IB (horct of Lougli Erne inu ihe hank of 
la Selll}') I'ner, Ihe ciopi of cverj de- 
|*il>tlDn Kcrs iwept off, and tlia pouton, 
'pthtt iillh the (ml da »liicli llicy grew, 

Up>irdi '>•{ one hun.Ind acre, of 

ouBtfj ! ihe rivfn opened fur thcm- 
M>u (Dtinly Dtw]euurHi, tlirougli itbicb 



I and ths housr 
niollilud is MvenI plieei. 
■bble ehurch-yard hu jirostrii 



autTj gieulT iatcrrupM 
iif 3ara« Carnegie-. I, 



Hughei. of Woreeiler. Iihs C'.fi df thair 
wDUndg : * Mr. Sontlieale, of Sc. Ollet'i, 
Lmdon, t chorietcr, had li'u collar banc 
diilocaled, and ii daagiroiiilT bru'ued i iht 
niece of m Mr, Crippi, of Worcester, as 
initde puKnger, in tlie cnnfliiian of th« 
moment, thiiiit her arm through the coach 
nindovi and u m much lacerated thac mor- 
tifintiun, it i> feared, will folio-. Urit 
other paisen^n were cut, bniited, and 
drea.lfiill)' niaupled. The accldooc aroH 
entirely from the coachmao having oeg- 
leetrd to aptdj the drag in desceodlag ■ 
■teqi liill. The coach wu heiTllj laden 
with Iiigga^Fi piled to a friglitFiil height on 



The wall at Id ihe lirit part of oor pr. 

ted for ie»e- pp. 458, MS, ■« noticed a pr 

[itied of their a monument In the memun' > 

biidgei hare We are luppjr to Icare tha' 

luaicatinn of liliel} (o be carried Idea • 






I fbrtnoatB 



CK 



L Mhcr. in aver; laman table manner. Having 

^fitni. till he became uiieniihle, he wai 

' inighlleiilj put nn n heap of itraw in an 

imn^ (tall, io the itabla at the farm of 

Wulenjarda, and there left Co deep himielf 

' Jean Scott, a fellov lerrant. be- 

tthom and Fraier there vai a ilighc 

L attachment, waot to aeek her iweetheart 

' ' I lighted candle in her hand. She 

him ID the bam, and while endcatour- 

bg (a awalie him — horrible CoreltCel — il>e 

eandia wat Imoclied from her hand ; he, in 

eep, held her in hli graip, 

I pwhapt luppoiing her a robber, till her 

]einme had called the acighbonilmod to- 

Eher, but aiiiitaoce wai tun lite i the 
!■ mt ignited, the uohappj girl, tlrog- 
' ~Ilng la drag the drunkard from liii dreadful 
"B, become ihe ticitm of her humanity, ut 
! tender feeling, tad the aiaembled 
I teighboura ontj arrived in time to oitDni 
V the horrifio ipectacle of the dying Invert 
I fa the midit of a blazing pile 1 

The foDodaUoo of an ancient choir waa 
Hel^i difcovercd b} the workmen at York 
I Minitn-. whltit thry Here pnnuiug ihelr em- 
ojQwnt in clearing avay the rubbiah From 
la iBtatlDf of tba organ icreen ; the mill 
tia beta traced to a coniidBtable diitaoce, 
I fend bate baen found to return in a croai or 
rpt (arm to the notib and loulb. Tlie 
II are of a perfect aihlir, and adorned 
bl««l( columni, and capiialii of lb* 
\ta iljle of arehitecture. 
ScfUtX. The Aurora, WorceiWr cojch, 
^1 upatt near Seem Sleke, which ewnt 
laiid irtlh a rilamiCous toil uf 
', ofOtfotd, anJ a Mr. 



The 


ncplec 


»hich 


(he 


memory ot tlie 


imm 


rtalSI 




ilained fur more 


than 


SDOye 


n, inn 


ot liav 


ng received, like 


Dthe 


ancie 


at aod 


moder 




tlmir 


country, a nail 


nalmo 


numcnl, in«ne- 


raii-mofhii 


heaven 


iornm 


nd, and comme- 




ionnf 




itude. 








CTCd 


penple 


and<o 


nnjuiE 


o»ardi the Bard 



•hn h» placed EogUad higheit on the roll* 







mea 




ahiiuld be 






per 


nd, 


o atone fur 


V. by 




inp- 




ph* to hll 




fth 










of the e 


mpl 


^j andtlutt 



picuonApartofaurraelrupoIli, uhich, from 
a being the icene of hia glurj. and lbs 
e»on of men of eveir n " ' 
lently entitled to be liall 



o>t coRipreheiisi 
w. The Rev. Di 

le office of Hood 



• liallowed by it 
^cially ai 1 
to a Brit 
: ehiefttt 



<eceni 






Wade, who 

ary Secretary, 
i^imoor ia a marstii, waitc piece of land 
in Oifordihire, of S^&OD aeict, wiihaimall 
brook rnoDing through It, acd imcn nelgh- 
bonrin; uwni had a right of cummou upoa 
it. Aa it wai of little lalup, from the con- 
tinual ftuodt, and the encroach nienta, and 

tallied, in ISIS, tif^f^Mn and incioae It. 
Tbit wai carried into execution, and all con- 



i qnlet till li 



n the ri 



e \aD>K »>»■<« O'-TOwn, »»A*»* 



S64 



Domeitie Occurrences, 



mob of hnatn and otben Mseiubled, and 
cut down the banks. They were indicted for 
felony under Sir R. Peel'i Act, but were ac- 
quitted, under the directions of Judge Parke, 
on the ground that, as the embankment 
stopped the water, and occasioned the in- 
jury to the lands above, they were a nui- 
sance, which the occupiers had a right to 
■bate. He added likewise, that the com- 
missioner had exceeded the powers given 
him by the act of parliament in making this 
new drain and embankment. In conse- 
queuce of this decision, the poor people 
and farmers of the Otmoor towns enter- 
tuned a notion that the act of parliament 
was void ; that the inclosore and sJl the pro- 
ceedings under it were illesal; and that 
they had a right to destroy the fences, and 
lav the whole open as it was originally. 
They assembled, therefore, on Saturday 
night, the 98th of August, in large bodies, 
and began breaking and cutting up the 
fences and hedges. These proceedings 
"were continued every night for a week. 
The rioters, who were often disguised, were 
Joined by people fr<Mn the neighbouring vil- 
lages, and their numbers at some times 
amounted to more than a thousand; and 
the greater part of the fences were destroyed 
to a very great value. Many ]>ersons were 
assaulted and wounded, particularly a son 
of Sir Alexander Croke, who went to pro- 
tact his father's property, and was left for 
dead. All attempts of the civil power being 
found insufficient to quell them, the assist- 
ance of the miliury was called in. The 
Oxfordshire Yeomanrv Cavalry, under Lord 
Churchill, and the Duckin^hamshire Yeo- 
manry Cavalry, under the Marquis of Chao- 
dos, lent their ready protection, and the 
rioters were stopped iu their proceedings. 
About forty were taken prisoners on uie 
moor, and carried in waggons to Oxford, 
escorted by a detachment of Oxfordshire 
Cavalry. On passing through St. Giles's 
(where an immense number of persons had 
assembled to enjoy the festivities of a fiiir, 
similar to tliat of St. Bartholomew) the mi- 
litary were attacked in every direction ; brick- 
bats, stones, and bludgeons were hurled at 
them without mercy. The soldiers were de • 
termined to secure their prisoners, and the 
mob were determined to release them. The 
military liad rather the advantage till they 
turned down Beaumont-street, which, from 
St. Giles's, is the nearest way to the county 
gaol. Here they were forced to give way ; 
and the prisoners during the conflict effected 
their escape. A detachment has since been 
sent down by government; and many of the 
rioters have been apprehended. 

Sept, 15. The interesting ceremony of 
opening the Manchester and Liverpool Rail- 
way took place this day. Ic was rendered 
^Dore splendid and imposing by the presence 
of the Duke of WelJiogtoa and many dis- 
$wgui§hed indrndutli, whom the Directors 



[Sept. 

'Itad invited. The concourse of spectators 
at each end of the line was immense. The 

Erocebsi(»n left Liverpool twenty minutes 
efure eleven o'clock drawn by eight- loco- 
motive engines, the first of which was the 
Northumbrian, with the Directors and nu- 
merous distinguished visitors, including the 
Duke of Wellington. The other engines 
were the Phoenix, North Star, Rocket, 
Dart, Comet, Arrow, and Meteor. The 
carriage iu which the Duke of Wellington 
and his friends travelled, was truly magnifi- 
cent. The floor was S<2 feet long by 8 
wide, and was supported by eight large iron 
wheels. A grand canopy, 34 feet long, was 
phuied aloft upon gilded pillars, contrived so 
aa to be lowered in passing through the 
tunnel. The Northumbriam drew three 
carriages, the first containing the band, the 
second the Duke of Wellington and the dis- 
tinguished visitors, and the third the Di- 
rectors. The Phoenix and the North Sur 
drew five carriages each ; the Rocket drew 
three ; aud the Dart, Comet, Arrow, and 
Meteor, each four. The total number of 
persons conveyed was 779. On issuing 
from the smaller tunnel at Liver|>oul, the 
first engine, that is, the Northumbrian, 
took the south, or right-hand line of rail- 
way, while the other seven engines proceeded 
along the south line. The procession did 
not proceed at a particularly rapid pace- 
not more than 15 or 16 miles an hour. In 
the course of the journey, the Northum- 
brian accelerated or retarded its speed oc- 
casionally, to give the Duke of Wellington 
an opportunity of inspecting the most re- 
markable parts of the work. On the arrival 
of the procession at Parkside, (a little on 
this side of Newton) the carriages stopped 
to take in a supply of water. Before start- 
ing from Liverpool, the company were 
particularly requested not to leave the car- 
riages, and the same caution was repeated in 
the printed directions describing tne order 
of procession. Notwithstanding this regu- 
lation, however, Mr. Husklsson, Mr. Wm. 
Holmes, M. P., and other gentlemen, 
alighted from the carriage of the Duke of 
Wellington, when the Northumbrian stopped 
at Parkside. At the moment they descended 
into the road, three of the engines on the 
other line — the Phoenix, the Nortli Sur, 
and the Rocket, were rapidly approaching. 
Mr. Huskisson aud Mr. Holmes were stand- 
ing in the road between the two lines of 
railway, which are about four feet distant 
from each other. Unluckily, Mr. Huskisson 
imagining that there was not room for a 
person to stand between the lines while the 
other engines were passing, made an attempt 
to get i^ain into the carriage of the Duke 
before the Dart came up. He laid hold of 
the door of the carriage, and pulled it open 
with so much force that he lost his balance, 
and fell backwards across the rails of the 
ot\\eT Une, tVie moiMuX MHoa the passing 



1830,} 



Do mail* OccHTTtnca. 



of the Dirt. The eonivooi of ifait cogins 
iaim«Ji«t<N (loppnl it, but berors ihat 
jMuld beafticMd, bulb obvekaf the engipi!, 
U,i DOC of thow of lli« fint cirringe, puwj 
met ibe Itg of tlie unfortuula gnutlemu, 
wh^h wsi pliwei! over ths nil, hn bad uil 
bodj bcine uiukr the eagioe. TJie right Igg 
mt* ^liLfuIl]' ihiEtered, tlie ttiuialci boiDe 
torn to piecet. Tlie E.1I of Willon, Mr. 
Hulma, uj Mr. Puke>, «i1iGitor, of 
tUrniaglum, niwd Mr. HutkuHin from 
(U ifouad. The only irordi he iitierad 
wvre: — "I hive met mj dealb — Gnd fnt- 
f^w Erie '" A tnurDii|ueL wu immediMeljr 
•jiplicd bj the £*tl uF Wition; lad Dr. 
BrtDilntli HI* quicklj in itlcodknce. He 
wu then removed to ■ cit, uid eirried 
M Eeelai, » vill«g« olihio fbur milei of 
Muwbeitet 1 aod after hii irrinl there, 
]» removed to tUe hoaie nl the Rev. Mr. 
Blickliuni, the rector uf ibit plice, nhere 
the Right Hun. Genileniu «|iirsl between 



the prDprielurt ud direcluri jaiigtci 
ihej hid 1 publlt: dul]t to pciform in ei 



rd to the fiitther progren of th( 

ifthedax. The Duke at Wellbg- 

tfuied to pruceed further. Soma of 

ia>i>t«d that 

the dij'i proMcdJug* to au end, ind thai 
the luceeii of ths project, on ivbich tbey 
had ex|>ended to much eipilal, micht da- 
pEod on their being legularlj fiuiihad. 
Tlie; contended, moienver, that the procet- 
ilon mull go on to Manohuur, if thej 
Miihed to avoid 1 breach of tha pablic tran- 
quillity. Tlie Duke'i acruplet ullimilelr 
gave nay, and the order w» iuued to move 
on to Maiicheiler. Un it* retoto cba 
Duk« of Wcllingl'in quilted the rail-ioad 
about three milei before llie cortege reached 
Liverpool, and poated off to the Marqiiia of 
Saliibury-a uat at Cbild-ell. The ipleodid 

at Liverptnl wai luipenJed ; and outhing 
wu heard ipukEB of but the above melan- 
choly event. Mr. Huikii^on »a. interred 

Liverpool. The funeral wia a public ooe. 



ALfHABOTICAL LIST of the MEMBERS or ths MOUSB OF COMMONS 
■nTumNtD TO* TNI NINTH PARLIAMENT or thi UNITED KINGDOM ot 
■ GREAT BRITAIN «!«QlREL.4ND,*FP0iKTaiiiu«etT Oct. M, laao. 

f,* Tlvat marked (t) mere not in Ike la 



tktied. 



Thai marked (S) a 



, ENGLAND AND WALES. 
Alin^Am—i. Mabarly 
jilbm,;, S(.— tLd. G.jmttor.. tC.TenB.Bt 
■*W(»rw.{A— tLd.Stornioni,C.J.f.Cli>itoo 
Aldit»rgh—yi.tia. uf Douio, {Rl. Hon. J. 

W. Crokei 
JmfTihao^—r. T. Drake, W. T. Drake 
,rf«fa«r— Sir J. W. Pullfo, hi. T. A- So.iih 
MKgltitatSiTt—Su\ of U.hridge 
jfi>lehy—»aa. H. Tuftoo, Laid Maitland 
JtuikM— tLord D, C, Stewart, J. Alkini 
jttUiarbm—lK.etH Hon.C. AiLuthnot, Sir 

L. V. P.[k 
jlS,leiC>Hry_Lord Nugent, W. Rickfbid 
AKnAury— IH. V. Stuart 
Ainubipte— tS. L. Steveni, f G. Tudor 
" ri/oto— tLord Newark, +Hon. A. Dun- 

mbe 
falk—^te. C. Palmer, Lord J. Tbynue 
'^esuiMtru— Sir Robert Williama, bart. 
Jr^ArdiUre— Marq.ofTuiitDck, IW.Stuut 
- - --W. H.Whitbread.+F. Pulhill 
- J.NLcboll, J. J. Buaton 
rd Lovvae, tC. Blackett 

'lUAJre— C. Duodaa, R. Palmer 

inb— Marcua Bereifuid, Sir F. Blake, bt. 




\lua,'tC-utU~\f. H. Corsewall, E.Rogc 

-'— '- C renn/Mo, fH. \V. tiHU 

i-SipUMi-er, I $30. 





Baim.in.—'O. Gilbert, H. B. Seymour 
BoroucMrirfgc— ISit C. Wetberell, 'M. 

Attwuod, tA. Laivion, f W. A. MackiB- 

noo. (DouUe return.) 
Baii>nty~i. S. Woitley, E. R.Tusuo 
Bui(on— tJ. Malcolm, JJ. Wilki 
finicUry-R. H. Brubbaw. J. Brad.liaw 
aramber—F. Q. Calihorpe, J. Irving 
flrecowAire— CdI. T. Wood 
Brecon— C. M, B. Morgan 
Briilgemn'lh-T. Whilmore, W. W. Whil- 

flri^eumio— W.. A.tell. C. K. Tjnlo 
flnrfpoM— Sir H. St Paul, ht. H. Waiburton 
firufol— R. H. Davii, :J. E. Baitlie 
Bucit>«gAafltiAir»— Marq.Chandoi, Hoa.R. 

Bmith 
But*p«Ai»i— Sir G. Nugent, bl. Sir T. F. 

Fremanile. lit. 
Bunj Si. Ednunif J— Earl uf Euiton, Eul 

Caliviglon — A. Baring, JW. B. BariDg 
Cilae—Sit J. Haedooa1d,bt. ^T.B.Maciulay 
CainArH^A.--Ld.F.O>borne,IKJ.AdeiM 
Cambridge I/nivmif^ — LoidPaloieriMa, W. 

Catendiib 
Ctimbridge—Mua. Graham, Cul. Traneh 
Came^fi>rd—Co^. Cradocli, W.^\\\\>aaV 
CiWeHmTT,— tHou. ft, N^wvin. ^Vftti. 

Foida'ich 



List of the prmnt Hovu 6j Commons, 



£aepe. 



Ardiff^ljnd P. JT. H. Stimit 

CM%«niJb>»-CoK W. £. Powell 

Cfarilioi— P. Pryte 

CartisU^-Co]. Loshiogtim, IP. H. Howud 

Cmrmmrthejuhire-^ Hob. G. R. Trtror 

CtsnUifihin^'^J , Jcmet 

UkamarvonMhire^^fC, W. G. Wyuw 

CSini«rro«i--tW. O. Gore 

C&Mie Bismg^Lofd H. CholiBondaky, Col. 

V* Howwd 
Ckithire — XLari Belgrare, W. Emrton 
Cftofer^HoB. R. Grotveadr, fSir P. G. 

Sgirtoa, bt. 
CWd^«r— Lord G. Lnmox, tJ* Smith 
GM/jpocAom^^J. Neeld, fP. Pumy 
OinsichurekrSk G. H. Rom, G. P. Rose 
Ctrmeetter-^Lord Apsley, J. Crippt 
CUikenh—Uon. R. Cunon. Hon. P. F. Cost 
Coekermauih — Ld. GatIm*, Hod. P. Boarerio 
Cbldbifer-— D. W. Harvey, t A. Spottbwoode 
Cmfi Cattle—Q, Buket, |P. J. Miles 
O^mwaU-^T R.R.Vy vymn, E. W. Pendtrvof 
Ctwniry^T. B. Fyler, f E. Elliot 
CriekMe-^. Fitt, R. Gofdoii 
Cumkeriand Caunijf^^vi J. Lovtbtr, bt. Sit 

J. Graham, bt. 
Dartmouth— Oiftt, J. BasUrd, A. H. Holds* 

worth 
bmbighshireSW W. W. Wynne, bl. 
Dentigh^fK. M. Biddnlph 
Derhfshire-r- Ld. 6. H. Cavendisli, F. Muady 
Dflr^— H. F. C. Cavendiih, fE. Strutt 
J^twut— J. Peann, G. W. Taylor 
DfveMAtre-^XILurd EbringtoD, Sir T. D. 

Acland, bt. 
DcTsetshire—^, B. P(*rtmaD, H.Bankes 
Dorchater — R. Williarot, ^Lord Ashley 
Ihver—fS'tr J. R. Reid, bt. C. P. Thornton 
DMrnlon— tJ. Bruoeham, fC. J. Leferie 
DroimncA^Earl of Sefcon, J. H. Foley 
Dumrich — F. Barne, A. Arcedeckoe 
Durham Ok— Ld. VV. Powlett, W. Russell 
Durk.Cihf^fSirR. Gretky,bt. M.A.Taylor 
East Loot — fH. T. Hope, tT. A. Kemrais 
Euex—C. C. Western, fColoiiel Tyreil 
Evesham — Sir C.CockerelI,ht. f Ld.Kenaedy 
Extter—L. W. Bock, :J. W. Buller 
Eye — Sir £. Kerrison, bt. fSir P. Sydney 
Ftmtshire'-^'it T. Moetyn, bt. 
fXM^'-Sir E. P. Lloyd, b(. 
Fowey — ^Lord Brudenell» f'J.C. Severn 
GaUon^fJ. V. Shelley, fi. T. Hm 
Germavs, Si. — |Sir H. Hardinge, C. Roo 
Gktmorganshire — fC R. M. Talbot 
Gloucestershire— hord R. E. H. Somerset, 
: Sir W. B. Goise, bt. 
Gloucester Ct/y— Col. E.Webb, t J. PhillpoU 
Grantham— M, J. CholroeUy, fG. £. Welby 
Great Grimsty—C, Wood, fG. Harris 
GnRS(«ad,£«f ..Ld.Holraesdale, tF.R.West 
GMt/f^orc/— fG. H. Sumner, fC B. Wall 
Homp^ire— SirW.Heathcoie.bt. J. Flemuig 
iinnoicA^Right Hon. J. C. Herriea, ^G. 

R. Dawson 
Hademere. — Sir J. Beckett, bt, W. Hofanes 
ATof/^^s-^. PJujta, fSir H. Faoe 
JSbiv^/vi(w/~^Jr B. B. P, PhiJlJp|je 



Acdbn^Sk T. €oMiAili» Itt. fR. FtMiiHl 
iftlito»— Lord J. Towliebmd» fj* Paehell 
Ber^fardik.'^-Sir J. G. Cotlirdl, bt. Sir R. 

Pricey bt. 
Her^fM-^hatd Eaetnor, E. B. CHvt 
Ar(/onitJk.^Sir J.&Sebricht, bt. N.Cal««re 
HnY/Cynf-^fLd. lngeetne,T. S. Dmtfonbe 
Bry^shtry-wf Sir G. SiMntod, bt £. H. 

A'Comt 
Highwm. Ferreri'^tLoTd Howleir 
fftnifoa— HonXi.M. Fofteecne, fj. WeyUnd 
Homihm^XSix G. Wnrrender, bt. J. J. Guest 
Horshatn^E^ of Surrey, N. W. R. G>lboiiit 
HMi(ti«danf^rf-^Lord MAndevilli, |Lord 

Strathaven 
HurUingdom^^. Calvert, J. Stuart 
Hytke^-^ Maijoribmka, fJ. Loch 
ilcAeslei^tM. Bmoe, fJ. J. Hooe Vert 
/jfttivicA— €. MackioBon, R. A. Dundas 
Iv^Sj Si^-^Hon. W. P. T. Lw Wellealey» 

f J. Morison 
ir«t^^ir£.KBatchbuU, U. fT.L. Hodges 
King's /.yrni—Lord W. Ck Beoiiiick, Hon. 

i.Walpole 
Kmgttm^yMn^HuU^^Q. SeboB»wtr» fW. 

B. Wrighuon 
J THar e sfanwig fc'^Sir J. Mackintosh, §H. 

Brougham 
Laneashire—Lbrd Stanley, fJ. W. Patten 
Lamuier'^J. F. Cawthonn, T. Greene 
/.tfimoeffldw—t Sir W.Gordon, bt. J. Broaden 
Leicestersh. — Ld. R. Manners, G. A. L. Keck 
Leicester^-Sir C. A, Hastings, bt. f W.Evaot 
Xeomiiu/er— -Lord Hotbam, ^W. Marshall 
Lewes-— T. R. Kemp, Sir J. Shelley, bt. 
Lichfield — Sir G. Auson, G. G. V. Vernon 
LincUmh.— Sit W.A. f o^ilby, bt. C. Chaplin 
Lvieoln—C. D. Slbthorp, fJ. Fardell 
LisAceord-Lord Eliot, Sir W. Pringle 
Ltverpooi>-Gcn. L Gaseoyne, W. Huskisson 
Londwr-— Alderman Wood* Aldernum Waith- 

man, Alderm. Thompson, W. Ward, Esq. 
LostwUhicl -tW. F. V. Fitzgerald, Hon. E. 

Cost 
Ludgershall^j^Sit S. Graliam, bt. E.T.Foley 
LudkkD — Lord Clive, Hon. R. H. Clive 
Lyme Regis-^Hutk* H. S. Fane, Colonel J* 

T. Fane 
Lymingt&n^G. Burrard, f W. T. £gerton 
Afatdtoike^A. W. Roheru, H. WinchesCef 
Ma^dem— T. B. Lennard, J. Dick 
Afo/iReitory— Sir C Forbes, J. Forbes 
itffllftm^tSir J. Seariett, J. C. Ramsden 
Marlbro.-'tW J.Baokes,tT.H.S.aEstcottrt 
Marhw, Greai^^. Williams, T. P. WiUinms 
3fauier»^-^it€.£.Garrbgten,tG.W.Pigot 
Mtrionethshire^Sit R. W. Vaugbnn, bt. 
Mickmrt, iSI.*-tJ. H. Hawkins, fHom. U 

Kenyon 
MiddletiX'^Q. Byns, ^J. Hume 
Midhur*t—Q. Smith, J. A. Smith 
MUbahie Psrl-^Right Hon. W. S. Bourne, 

fG. S. Byng 
Minehead—J.F, Luttrell, fW.E. Tomlioe 
Mmtmmitkihre-'ljofd G. C. H. Somerset^ 

Sir C. Morgan, bt. 
|tfonmoutK-r«iiEt<VQm% ^^vctnAAc 



fl^ 



I830Q 



Lot of the praeai UiMue of Comnont. 



2S7 



JI/on/gnin(py — Hno. H. Cliie 
««!«(«—««■. W. Homrri, tW. Oii 
Vrawt— H. Wllluug)>t,7. M. T. Sullw 

H. MJI» 

I Xiv'MiMtf-opm-rynt— tjjr M. W. RiiBtj, 
bt. tJ- HodgK^B 

Ntttptt, Cornu'aU—J. Raia*, iJ. Diihattf 
'. A'™7»r*.;^4/-«i5**_RiahtHoil.S.l'«f- 
L a.d, :H.T<.is. 

I/9Btm, tanc.-T. Ugb, tT. Huu1<l»Dr(li 
I Nmiloum,Iilt(yrWulil~-fllva.C.P»ibtm, 
I H. OurosT 

I ATw/o/ilCi..— T.W.Cek»,tSl.W.Folke.,bt. 
I Swlhatterlon-H'm. H. Lu»Ua, Sic J. 

Btrttbei, U. 
I Jbrltian^tMthirt— Lord AJthnrp, W. R. 

I /HUrtkampl-i^Sic G. RDbluon, bt. f Sir B. 

I H. Gtxining, bt. 

I MDrlAmihrrand— M.Bell, tT.W.BfiimoBt 
~ fkh—tR. a. Gurnor, tB. Grut 

F AbMiwAasHt^r— J. S. iMnlet, Admiid 

I Sotfaeron 

NttUingtiam— ISiiR.Fcrguuan.tT.DcBoiu 
OMa^tUx— tUid U. StfiDoni, tHui. 
O. J. W. A, Elti. 

I Of/M_:fi. H. Kildarhce, Sit H. P.Cwk* 

I (MmUiW-J. Fuu. tLsd Nurrtfi 

L Dr/M Unhmiity—T. G. B. E.uuurt, Sir 

J R. iDgii.. bt. 

I Orfird Cily~J. H- Lugitoo, fW. Hugh*! 

\ Ptmbnkeihire—Si' J. Owen, bl. 

J>,«,yi^-t9i'C.Uiniio,bt. +J,W,F«.hfield 

ftUtbara'—^ia H. Herom, bt. lUrd Mlliun 

L /W(Tj/BfM— tSir W. JolliffB, bl. G. HJulliffi. 

I i>/ymDii<i— SinT. K Murlin, G. Uuckbuta 

I fVKJMn-^JLard Vtllclort, G. C. Aotrubyi 

1 Prnttfract-iSa C. E. Smith, bt. fHuti. U. 

V. S. Jcfua||hun 

Pbob— B.L.L«tcr,Koa.W.F.S.Pinf.nby 

Parlmiailh—J. B. Carter, F. BirinB, jnn. 

Pra(on— Hon. E. G, S Sanlev. J, Wor«l 

aiMir«ro»gA— tW. HoIiDH, X C*Ml,tSlr 

P.Du>l»m I double tecurni 
SodMniJrf— IRight Hih, T. F. L<»i> 
Railnor fWniJ— B- Price 

/i«*i«— c F. Mmi, -k:. Ra.«ll 

AicAnond— Hod. Sic Et. I.. Duodu, Hod. 

Biixn-O, S»D«, L. H. fetil 
AtcAnM-— R. Berul, fLontVlllW* 
A»»Ky i^euj— iHoD A.Tr*rar. tW.Milei 
RulbnubhiTt— Sit O. Noel.bt. SiiG.HMlb- 

iii>ta.U. 
Rj/e—fH. D. Billlli). F. R. BonhaiD 
%.«afa>~&diCh Sir J. 5. Yatlx, J Cuela 
£iAa>b— tEitil ofDailiiiBCan, tJ- Gngiun 
AndiKi'fh— J. Murtjitt, t^. G. Piira 
Aran rwarj— lion. D. P. B(m«ri«, W. 

W7<i(lb*n> 
Snntm (OblJ—J- AttiioJor, J.D. AtriaaJu 
Seatltftni^B^Itt Hvn. C. M. Suuua. 

H OfB. fhippt 



Stiifiin—Him, A. F. £lli>, J. Fitinrdd 
f^lilhir^— tE FkDrhjn, fW. S.Uufibk 
ShBfilmiA—Sii C. M. Burrelt, U. H. Hawud 
£lurv-<slmfy—fR. JcDttiiu, R. A. S1*[mt 
fArvfMAin— Sir a Hill, bt. J. C. Pdl.iun 
S'anvMiiA.— W.Drckciuoa, f BjA. Sudlbal 
&ju((«mf/oj.— A, B, DoHin, J. B. H.iy 
Smll.wuk—fJ. R. H»r>ii, Sir R. WlLton 
Sl«0ord,hir,—S\f 3. WfMiMljy, bt. E. J. 

LIiiIfiod 
Stafford— \1. Cus|,b«ll. tT. QiiberD* 
Siai^foTd—lotA T. CmH, T. Cboplla 
Slryidjig—G. R. Philipi, +£. Blnont 
J'l'DcUriff^f^G.Wilbrihin.fW.S.Stuiln 
SudiuTy—B. WilraDft, tSir J. B. Wiith, bt. 
S-tfoift— tSir H. Dunbury, bl. tC- Tjrtll 
Surrey— W. 3. DcBJun, fj, I. BiUeM 
Suma—VI. Burrell, iVl. Cuitel*. Jan. 
Tamaanh—tSit R.Pwl,bt. Ld. CTaooMDil 
Tii'i.fncjt-SU.Ebr'uigloD*. Ld-W.Riuttll 
rauWnn— : tJ.Libuuiihtrc, t£.T.6^bTidgg 
Teu-ktiiv.n,—i.S.. Du*i!>9w«ll, J. Mutia 
Th^ird—\jiti J. Fiur<7, K. BtiiDg 
lAirjil-R. Frukland, R. G. Ruucll 
Tfurrtan— Lord Sindon, Hod. G, D. Rydrr 
Toneu— Riebt Hon. T. P. L'ourtcui, fC 

B. B*ldwm 

Trtpmy—f3. A. Gordon, fJ. Mukillo^ 
tJ. Guinej, tC King fdoiibiB rUuro) , 
r™™— tUrd Enoonbf, +N. W. P.wh 
«u«.Vftnl— Col. W, Hiighet, R. KnigUl 
»^TtUm—Rt. Hon. J. CuloraTt, fJ. E*<ng 
/roruictiUn— D. S. Du/tdile, l". U-lay 
/rmiriat-Sir Q J. GrcvilJc J. Tvru* 
/I'el^i— fJ. E. Viughaa, t J. L. L«a 
/r'nubiwr— A. Smith, S. Soiilli 
«'m/oc*— Hun. G. C. W. Foicttter, P. a 

m-<,iliy—LA. H. ThrnH, U. W. ThyDM 
ll'esU-uty — JSir A.GRDl,bi. IGJ'rtndtrgut 
ll'iril Z.WK— Sir C Hulx, bl. C. Bullnr, juD. 
//'Htim«hT-SirF.Burd«t,UJ.C.Hobhoi«» 
If'tihnorloMl—Lori Linrttwt, Uon. H. C, 

ItiummlliSc Mdaimle Sfgis—Co], QDcdnn, 

M. Ure, T. F. BaiLtna, Sir E. B. Siigiica 

n'hIckurcJi—Sn S. StMt, bt. Hon. J. B. 

TuvHhaml 
"Tgca — Col. J. lAoinj, J. A. Hoiboa 
nVton—J. H. rtnruddochc, tH. U Buhra 
/«1//iiin— Sir J. D. Aitl«y, bL J. OtaKC 
;^l>i(Ac;i«^t-J.WUIi*int,tHoD.H.Du(ulM 
ICiachaliT—?. Si. J. Mlldmnv, Sit E. H. 

Eut, bt. 
;nn.isor— SiiR,H.ViviaD,bt.J.Riimibf.tloni 
ir«Nb<w(— MuqiNU of Bludford, tUid 

C. S. ChurchUI 

;/(,((OT Soiifi-Lord M.1WI1, T. H. Villinn 
II-oTcriin-thitt—'Ooa. H. B. Ujraa, fHon. 

T. H. Folty 
;ri>rccitFr~C>>l. Davia, 0. R. RohiiMan 
/fjirfmifv— SirT.Bu.ng,bl.SitJ.DJ^g,bl. 

• Mr.BroughM»»^\jM4?Ji™?,W»"* 
lilt odIt Minben tciuiaci (•» vna \>^kh — 
the taimM toi \ oikiViw »i»iKoM««.'too"«»*>'i 
Ills litter (or Dt*oo»\.«« M.4"Cw\iiu«'«- 



MARRIAGES- 



[Sept 



Aug. 19. At North Cre«k, Norfolk, J. 
T* Graver BromM* nq. of Rffyncrtumft 
Hall, Norfolk, to FnaoM, dau. of Areh^ 
Bathvrst, aad grawMau. of the Bp. of Nor- 
wich^' ■ 1 8. At Bar»«H, in NeivBiarket| 
tbe Rav. J. BenaoB Skipper, to CharloUfl, 
yotmgeat daa. of the late Saliabury Dunn, 
aaq w ■ 19. At Leaaiiogtoo, Joaaph Bailey, 
aaq. of Olaaaak Park, Brecaoaliire, to Mary- 
Aane, dau. of tlie lata J. T. H. Bopper, 
Mg. of Wttton Caatle, Durham.-— t— At Ig- 
bwreb, Norftilk, H. B. SioiptaD, aUest aun 
4if ttia Hon. T. B. Sinpaon, of Babworth, 
Nattt, to Franees £inilj, daa. of H. Baring, 
tM^. of Buckenham^' € I . At OriiMbj, 
Titua Salt, esq. of Bradford, co. York, to 
Carolioe, youogast dau. of Geo. Whittam, 
e tq . ^ ' A tTrioityChUrch, Marylebona, the 
Rev. C. F. Bagshawe, fourth son of Sir \V. 
C Bagihave, of Worahtll Hall, Devon- 
•hire, to Elizabeth Anna, eldest dau. of G. 
Hobson, esq.-'^— 94. At Jersey, Mr. John 
da St. Croix, youngest son of the Ma;- 
gUarata of the Royal Court, to Backel, 
only dau. of ^. D'Auvergna, eao.of Leoville 
House. ■ 96. At Ardnooher church, John 
Knox, of Granwood Park, co. Mayo, eaq. to 
Jpuia Adalaida* dau. of S. Handy, of Braaa 
Castle, CO. Westmeath, esq.— —98. At 
Stooehousa ehapd, Devon, Asststaat-Cooi.- 
Gen. John Lindsay, to Maiia Lucas, second 
<laa. of the late John Laing,.esq. of DomiT 
nioa.^— «-J0. At Wortley, tlie Hon. John 
Talbot, second son of the Earl of Talbot, 
to the Hon. Mbs Wortley, only dau. of 
Lord Wharncliife.-'— At Grantham, T. O. 
Powlas, esq. of Stamford-hill, Middlesex, to 
Sauna Sheppard, eldest dau. of Thoa. Bland, 
esq. M. D. and formerly an Alderman of 

Newark. SI. At Homsey, G. R. Hyde, 

esq.MJ).of Newtowu Barry, Wexford, to 
Maria Frances Cbarlotte, seeond dau. of the 
late Adm. Sutton, of Sorevetnn Hall, Notts. 
■ II A t Great Yarmouth, the Rev, Francia 
Steward, to Sarah Tolver, second dau. of 
l^aae Preston, esq . ■ In London, Francis 
Bayley, esq. youngest son of the Hon. Mr. 
Justice Bayley, to Blizabeth, eldest dau. of 
Alexander Macdonald, esq. of Great George* 
street, Westminster. —At Booterstown, 
Rich. Massey, esq. nephew of the bvte i«ord 
Clarino, to Anne Maria, Sd dau. of the late 
Patrick Murray » esq. of Dublin. 

Latdj/. At Little Hallinbury, Essex, the 
Rev. 6. PhiUips, Rector of Puddlagton, 
Devon, to Ann Shaftesbury, dau. of the late 
Dr. Horsley, Bishop of St. Asaph. 

Sept. 1. At Cambridge, W. Ogiivy, esq. 
to Miss Matilda Doria, eldest dau. of tha 

Marquis of Spineto. At Edmanten, the 

Rev. J. Nelson Palmer, to Elizabeth, eld. 
dau. of the Ute R. Mushet, esq. of MillfieU 

Jiaate. i* Mr. T. Burnell, Upper Clap- 

/MV io S/ix^f dMU. of John Qrore, esq. 

/ > Ai Dcrrjrgnth, co. Tipperary, 

AL V. Smokey, esq. of Coolinore, to 

tfmp^ iceoad dau. of the Ute Sam. Perry, 



esq. of Woodrooffe, and nleee to the Earl of 

Charleville. ^At Talgarth, M^jor Hol- 

ford, of Kilgwyn, Carmarthenshire, to Miss 
Gwymie, of Buckland, Brecknockshire, «mly 
ehlld of the Ute Roderiek Gwynne, esq^ ■■■ 
At Fkwfley, Northamptonshire, the Rev. 
Ayscough Fawkes, to Alisa ElJen Story, 9d 
dau. of the late J. B. Story, esq. of Lock- 
iogton Hall, Leicestershire.— 6. At Scar- 
borough, Chas> Steade, esq. to Elizabeth 
Mary, eldest dau. of the late Thos. Smith, 
esq. cif Dunston Hall, Derbyshire.— —Tho. 
ChanberlayBe, esq. to Amelia, dau. of Gem 
Onslow, of Staughton House, Huntingdon- 
shire.-^— 7. At Sherborne, Geo. M. But^ 
esq. Bairister-at-Uw, to Frances Jane, eld. 
dau. of Thos. Fooks, esq. ^At Peters- 
field, Edw. Hopkins, esq. of Alresford, to 
EUia Susanna, eldest dau. of Vioe-Adroiral 
QifiuxL— -At St. James's church, Bisset 
Hawkins, M.D. of Golden-square, to Emily 
Isabella, oolv dau. of the Rev. W. Good- 
enough, Arohd. of Carlisle.— «— At Hough- 
too-U-Spring, D. L. Prattmann, esq. of 
Copley Lodge, to Jane, second dau. of W. 
Hutchinson, esq.— 8. Rev. W. P. Hop- 
ton, of Bishop's Fkome, co. Hereford, to 
Diana, second dan. of Rev. C. W. Shuck- 
burgh, of tlie Moor, Downton, Wilts.. 
At St. Mary>la-bonne church, Capt. E. C. 
Fleieher, of the 1st Life Guards, to the 
Hon. Ellen Manr Shore, youngest dau. of 
Lord Teignmouth,— At Westbury-upon- 
Trym, Henry H. Joy, esq. of Mountjoy* 
•quare, Dublin, to Catherine Anne, eldest 
dau. of Mr. Ser|. Ludlow, of Down House, 

Bristol At Beverley, the Rev. Alfred 

Sadler, of Nottingham, to Charlotte, eldest 
dau. of F. Campbell, esq. ; and Benjamin 
Sadler, esq. BeUast, Ireland, to Emma, sd 
dau. of the same gentleman.— —j^. At Lan- 
wennog, Cardiganshire, the Rev. D. H. T. 
G. Williams* youngest son of Sir G. G, 
Williams, Bart, to Anne Frances Gertrude 
Davlea, eldest dau. of the late J. Davies, of 
Penlan, esq. and grand-dau. of Lord R« 

Seymour. 11. At New Church, Sl 

Pancras, Commander Edw. Belcher, to 
Diana Jdliffe, step-dan. of Capt. P. Hey- 

wood, R. N. 14. At St. Mary's, Bnran- 

stone-sq.thc Very Rev. Dr. Cockbura, Dean 
of York, to Miss Marg. Emma Pcarse, only 
dau. of the lata Col. Pearse, of Kensington. 
«— — At Cbipetead, the Hon. James St. 
CUif, eldest son of the Right Hon. Lord 
Sinclair, to Jane, eldest dau. of Archd. 
Lfttle, esq. of Shabdea Park, Surrey. i 
At Trinity chureh, St. Mary-la-bonne, the 
Rev. Charles Bigsby, to Jane Christiana, 
youngest dau. of the late J. Watson, cm). 

W. S. Edlnb. ^At Caversham, Mr. John 

Richards, jun. solicitor, Raadug, to Fanny, 

eldest dau. of Mr. J. May. At Gilling- 

ham» Kent, J. Anderson, esq. R. N. to Elix. 
Sarah, eldest dau. ot K>ai^. tLe^f^V CoUc^^ 
esq. Majox K. M. 



ISJO] 



PROMOTIONS AND PREFEIIMENTS. 



OA»TTt PaOMOTIOHI. 

Aug. 14. Tn l« BriTSt Llcut.-Q«ienl> 
■fD Eh( Indio onW ;— M<ijnt-6eniin)i G«o. 
Vnie, Arch. FcrEntoB, St. Genrge Aihe, H. 

. Foa Ulcnft, CuIId Miciultf. Tn be 

M.iw-Otiif™l.; — Colonel! J.. Pticj, T. 
Bnln, Al». Kaoi. J. W. AdinK, H. Wari- 
ly*. H.frucr, H- S. Scoti, A. M-Donll, 
B. L»-h. Sir J. Siorl.-.r, bi. R. Scmt. 

Aug- aO. Th« Landgniine of Hcu« 
Himiliuq! 14 be tUneerol Richmnnd Pirk. 
Mijnr-Gen. H. C. Siepheoioa (a b< 
Ritling Foreiter Ne- Fore.t. 

John UiiDiMn tn U Camtalite nf Clici- 
ler Cuile. 

^up. at. 7th Foot, dipt. Lord W. 
Ttifnoe, tn be Mnjor. — 9Slh Foot— Mijiit 
Coartney Chmmben td be LWut.-ColnDel \ 
Capt. Edw. JoMlluD Prieillej to Iw MnJ.— 
SCih Foot. Bt«Yrt Mnor R. Nehle CrM*s 
to b* Mijor.^44th Foot, Major C G. 
)Qr» to be Major. — »Slh Fuoi, Bretet 
Major F. Palter to b« Major. — Uoat- 
- -(cIi to be Lieiu.-Co)one1i, Major B. 
i*«, C RuHlej. J. Liaton, J. Scolt, 
U™li.o..— To b« Major.. Cj«. Rn. 
FriSuirm, KrrTtc Major O, No lekcn.— Staff, 
iJeut.^:..!. W. G. Moor, to lie Dnp.-Adj.- 
(l>-n. In the tronpi >n the McdllernaeaD. — 
Garriaooa, Major-Gea. W. Thomtoa (o be 
Lieut -GnveraDr of Jeney.— Brevet, Breiet- 
Col. K. W. R».k« to be Major Gto. ]n the 
Arm] ; Majnr G. Baker to li.Ye the local 
nnk of Lwut.-Coloitel. wbile aeiing aa ■ 
ComoiiKloner in Greece.— I'o be Major<, 
dpi, M- Molcairorlh Madden, Cant. T. H. 
Shadmll Qerke. 

S^l. 10. 3l>t Foot, LI«nt.-CnI. Sir J. 
Ronjiel CollrtOD, Bart, ham balf-pi*. to 
be Lieut-Col.- 31d Foot, Major Charlea 
Koighl to be Lieut.-Col.--:i3d Pool, Capt. 
W. H. Grata to he Major,— (TBth Foot, 
Major Nathaoiel Gl«dauiuia from half-pay 
lu he Major.— LI nnatUched, Capt. Lord 
W. Paulei, to be M«j..r.— Bre.et, Brevet- 



jjb«Maj.-Gen.iCapt, 



Col. Coamo Gnrdi 
J. MaoD to be Ml 

Srpl. IS. Capt .'George Seymour, R. N. 
to b« Geotlemao and Matter of the Robea 
tn hi) MajntJ.— .Major- General ThomtOD 
hag beea aupoioted to the ComniaDd of the 
Llaod of Jeraej.— Major-Gen. Sir Charlea 
Prate, K.C.B. to the Commaod nf JanaicA 
— Cipt. Roche Meade, JUt reg. to 1* Dep, 
Aqlaiaol Adj.-Genenl at head-ijuartert. — 
Lleut.-Cal. Lord Cha. Fitiroj to be Aa- 
•isUnt Adj.-GfD. at Armagh.- M^or-Gen. 
Hon. P, Smart to the command of tbs 
troDpi Id North Briuin. 

Srpl. 91. lit Dngnona, CafA. B. E»- 
nrd In be Maj.— Colditieam Fool Guard., 
Cnpt. C. Sliort to be Cai>t. and Lasut.-Col. 

EcCLtSrXTlCAI. rnEFERMIHTI. 

RiT. W. M. Majen, Prebend in Dubin 

Catheral. 
Rev. C. Birch, Happliburgli V. Norfolk. 
Rev. E. S. C. B. CavB, Marley St. Peter". 

P. C. CO. York. 
Rev. ChrUt. Carr, Neirborougli P, C, en. 

Nonhamptnn. 
Bev. F. F. Clark, Chriil Ch. P. C. Cowley, 

Slaffof^iliire. 
Rev. A. Cralghtnn StallinRliorouEh V.Lioe. 
Ret. J. Darby, Skenfrelh R. co. Monm. 
Rci. G. R. Gray, Inkherro. V Wnrceattrah. 
RCT. J. Griffith!, Uangynhafel R. Deo- 

byihire. 
Bev. E. M. Hall, [ole P. C. Co. York, 
Rev. J. Hand, tlanri>-onh K. co.York. 
Rev. E. Hihgame, Ft>rdhan> V-Cmhridgah. 
Rev. J. K. Hopper, Bedinglield R. Suffolk. 
Hev. J. Hughea, Llangynftl.n P. C. Cardi- 

gaoih' 



(, Chapl. to the Blahap of 



Aug. IB. At Eamoulh, the wift of 

Ca|>t. R. Interarity, of a ann. Al Lord 

Oianiuck'a. near Sandgau Id Kanl, Lady 

GrMDOck, a ton. 93. At No>t?ll Priory, 

the «H« of Cha. Winn, aaf). a ion. 

«B. In Ment*eue-a()uar«, the wife of 

Major R. It. Cloae, • too. ii. Ai 

Brack notk-crricent, Camden ■town, the wife 

otDl. F. CampMI, ainn »6. AtDo- 

Hon. C. E. Uw, a aoo. 
Weyhrulge,tha-lfeorC*pl 



BIRTHS. 

■ <vire of her father, I 
.. £»«, I 



■ Hari 



K'lllaher, nq.al I'eUhta, 
he ».ra of Geo. H. Bo- 
. of Devon.hire->trtct. 
UGrovaHuKae, 




.ife of H. W. PicV 

a. C. Brace, • 



near Sheffield, 

ei<|. Royal Uurae Artillery. 

Belfaal, the lifa of Major 

lun. At Babraham, CaiDtinogi 

«if> of H. Adeaoe, eiq. M, P. ■ 

heir. 1 1 . In rwk^tcuevf., C™t\»ii j^ 

PlrW.H. RicWrdwm, - -^ "- 



^.T 'J, " *" ■ ■'— *• clieliiiute tj Eilinbuigb,tVMCooMB»i^^<'i*VJ^v 



I 



873 



Obituary.*— 7*Ae Duke de Bourbon, 



tSepC« 



, The most remarkable AflTain, in the 
campaign of 1799 and 1793| in which 
theae three illustrious heroes performed 

Srodigies of valour, were the hatiles of 
ockrim, Pforts^ Barbelroth, Berstheiin, 
Weissembun^, and Haguenau. On the 
Prince of Cond^ commanding a charge 
on the Tillage of Berstheim, where the 
republican armies were concentrated in 
great force, his son the Duke of Bour- 
bon, at the head of the second and 
third division of cavalry, made a charge 
on the enemy's cavalry, and drove it 
before him. Impelled by the ardour of 
the moment, the Duke rushed forward 
with only a few followers, when the Re- 
publicans, taking advantage of the cir- 
eumstance, immediately surrounded him. 
The contest was 
bloody, and the 
Duke was severe- 
ly wounded ; but 
the rest of his . 

troops coming up, the enemy took to 
flight, leaving their artillery in posaes- 
aion of the Royalists. 

The Duke de Bourbon commanded 
the cavalry in his father's army, wiih 
distinguished honour, from 1 792 to 1796; 
but Austria having made peace with 
France, the troops of the Prince de Condtf 
passed in 1797 into the service of Russia. 
The following letter from Louis XVII 1., 
dated Verona, June S4, 179&> will show 
the estimation in which the services of 
the Duke were held : 

*' MoN COUSIN, Je suis fort sensible k la 
part que vout prenez k roa juste douleur ; elle 
en adoucit uo peu I'amertume. Je suis bien 
sfir que vous combattrez pour moi comme 
vous avez corobattu pour le feu Roi, mon 
seigneur et seveu* ; mais j'esp^ que ce ne 
sera pes au m^me prix ; vutre sang est trop 
pr^ieux pour I'Eut et pour moi, pour que 
je ne ddsire pas vivemeuc qu'il plaise I Dieu 
de IVpargner. Comptez tuujours sur I'estime 
et Tamiti^ v^riubles avec lesquels je suis, 
roon cousin, votre tr^-affeetionn^ cousin, 
^ •« Louis." 

After the campaign of 1800, we be- 
lieve the Duke de Bourbon accompa- 
nied his father to England, as he was re- 
sident at Wanstead House in E«sex, at 
the time of the murder of his son in 
1804. Ill a letter from Wanstead House, 
dated Feb. 3, 1805, addressed to M. 
Saini-Jacques, private secretary to the 
Duke d'Engbien, he feelingly adverts to 
this atrocious affair, f which appears to 
£ave blighted all bis happiness : 

r • Louis XVlT 
f The following bold assertions re- 
Jst/re to tbe execution of the Due 
d'Engbien, are extncted from Barry 
^'Afears's Journal: — Buonaparte in- 
/ Barry O'McAra, (bat Prince Tal- 
^ retained a iecter wrilteu by 



** Apr^ le malhenr cruel dont j'ai iU ac- 
eabl^, roon cher Jacques, je ne pouvais 
^rouver d'adoucisseroent mieox seoti k ma 
vive douleur que de toiu savoir vons-m^ine 
hors de danger, vous qui ro^tez, I tons 
^anls, la confiance et Tamki^ de ce cher 
eafirot que je jpleurerai tonte ma vie. Les 
lames me sunoquent, ei je ne me sens pas 
la force, en ce moment, mon cher Jacques, 
de parler affaire avec vcius. M. de G>otye 
veut bien se charger de cette p^ible com- 
mission. Vous pouvez prendre con6ance en 
ce qu'il vous dira de ma part, et vous con- 
former ponctuellement aux ordres qu*il vous 
transmettra, tant de la part de moo p^re que 
de la mienne. Croyez, roon cher Jacques, \ 
mon cnti^re confiance et bien sincere amiti^ 
ponr vous." 



<BS^(^. ^ ^'--^ 



On the restoration of the royal family 
in 1814, the Duke returned to France, 
where his life was passed in comparative 
retirement until his death. 

The obsequies of the Duke de Bour- 
bon took place on Sunday Sept. G ; the 
relit^ious ceremonies were performed at 
St. Leu. Their royal highnesses the Dukes 
d'Orleans and de Nemours, Prince de 
Joinville, and Duke d'Aumale, a number 
of Peers, Deputies, General OlTicers, and 
persons attached to tbe suite of the 
Prince, assisted. Tbe procession set out 
from St. Leu for St. Denis. Tbe Ist re. 
giment of hussars, a battalion of (he 
5ih of tbe line, and the national guards 
of St. Leu and neighbouring communes, 
led the procession, which was brought 
up by a troop of the national guards, the 
Ist husaam, and the 5th of cuirassiers. 
They were received at the gate of the 
city by the Mayor of St. Denis, accoui- 
paiiied by tbe municipal body. The na- 
tional guard and the veterans kept 
guard. The procession having marched 
to the church, the coffin was deposited 
in one of the vaults, near the remains of 
the father of the deceased. 

the Duke to Napoleon, which might 
in all probability have saved his liTe. 
*' The Duke (observed Buonaparte) had 
written to me, offering his services, and 
asking a command in the army from nie, 
which. that scelerato Talleyrand did not 
make known until two days after the 
execution. Talleyrand is a briccone, ca- 
pable of any crime. 1 caused the Due 
d'Engbien to be arrested in consequence 
of the Bourbons having landed assassins 
in France to murder me." — •• Talleyrand 
y>ropoaed to cause all the Bourbons to 
be asftaa»\ttaied« aud evctv ofCtted to ne- 

gociale for \u accomvV\*^D^tft*uv. W« d*.. 

mauded a ukV\Y\ou ol VtsA\c% Ut ^^mV:* 



Tbe Duke hn Wfl a • . 

«(rillen «iih bi9 oMn liund, dated 30ti 

AitEiui. laS!). by whicU bii whulE for- 

I tune puie) to Henry Eu|[enB PIii1)pp« 

'-tOitrtni. Due d'Aumnle, Ihc tun o( llie 

King of ibe Freiicli, Jtnd Dame Snpbla 

pawea, Baronest of Feuchere-, an Eiig- 

pihwoniin with whuro be lived, iiid 

I itcjil In the lame honie al Ihe lime 

f bi) denlb. He hit bequemhed, ls>, 

» the lUroneii of Feucherrt, ivo mil- 

■ of money; Snd, Ihe chateau and 

k of St. Leu 1 3rd, ibe rhalenu niid 

talc of Boisiv and kll tbtir depeu- 

4(h, ibe forest of MononO' 

lid sli tbe dependencicB ; Stb. 

e chateau and estaie al Morronlaine 

ill dependencie! ; 6lb, tbe Pavl' 

eilpied by her and ber aervanli at 

« Palaii Bourhon, as well a> id d<-|>en- 

tbii pavilion, and tbe lior«e> 



and ei[H;Tise« cbargeable on be- 

d propeilf . Tbpie vatiou« lega- 

o Madame t'eucherpi are valued at 

■ la milliani (franci)- Tbe residue 

( bit pro|iertj, eicepi lome private le- 

■ t, be baa left to (be Duke il'Au- 

, third son ol Philip Kinj^ at ibe 

I An eneellent likeneit of (be Duke de 
Idurbon, wben be first came over to lliij 
nntry, wai painted by Mr. H. P. Dan- 
dengraned by Mr. Philip Auiilnct 
iiiebei by 10). U was never pub- 
Mbed, and i« therefore an extremely rare 
t. Tbe Duke ii repreienteil in the mi- 
y coiiuDie of the army ut Ibe Prliiee 
laCon'ij. Tbepainlerfintrepreienled 
Se Duke wiib a mutilated band, he 
vinK bad tame of bit (in|;ei^ cut off 
' re in an engagement; but the 
iodeity of tbe Duke wishing (o eoneeal 



Allv. — Earl of Roch/aril. — bithop MnjmVu. 



•etedli 



The EiIBL of RocEipono. 
. S^.3. Athiaseat,lbcWbiie!Iau< 
'■ Eulon, Suffolk, in his 7Tth year, i 
Hight Hon. William Henry Nutau, lil 
larl of Ruebfbrd. VIecouiiI Tunl.riilj 
id Bamn of Enfield, cu. Uiddleiei. 
iiLordfhip 



> ns4. 



rldeEl 



It Hon. KichanlSi 
N Clerk* of the Board .>f Creen Cla 
It representative in ParJiameiit 
■ bor«URb of Moltlon, by Elliab 
nvife, the (ule daughter and heii 
f Edward Spencer, uf Rendletham, 



of hii nnele, un the S8ib uf Sept. 1781, 
bi« Lorilship succeeded to the family ho- 
nouri ; and d^ing, unmarried, the titles 

For lotne further account of (bit noble 
family Ihe reitder it referred to a biogra- 
phical notice of biB Lnrdihip't only bro- 
Iber, the late George Richard Savace 
Naitau, E^c]. in vol. xclll. part il, p. 178. 

Dr. Majendie, Bishop of Bangor. 

July 9. Al Ibe house of bit sun tbe 
Rev. Stuart Majendie, at Lonplon near 
Licbfielii, aged 75, ibe Rif;ht Rev. Hen- 
ry-William Majendie, Lard Bishop of 

Bitliop H^endie wai Ihe ion of the 
Rev. Juhn James Majendle, D.D. Canon 
of Windior, (be int(nic(or of Queen 
CharluItB in (be English laiiirti.nge. The 

frequently slated; hut bo'rn in England, 
(he son uf a French prutettant minister 
who took refuge in (his country on the 

revoeation of the e<lict of N^ntei, and 
Dr. MajenJie 



1783, aged 75: and a 

him Itieo appeared in our vul. lih 

71G. 

The Bithop wat a member at Chri 
College, Cambridge. He took hii 

bad the goi.d f<> ' 



yalt. 



r of 



fa. 



Viliiam Henry, 
our present Sovereign. Mr. Majendie 
accanipanied hii Ri.yal Highness to sea. 
and vialted Milb him many diilant pant 
of tbe globe. In 17S3 he was appointed 
one of (be Kiog'a Cbaplaint In ordinary. 
On the 11th of April ITBS, be married 
Mist Roulledge : and al tbe tame time 
was made a Canon of Windtor. With 
that dignily be held (he vicarage of Hun- 
gerford in Iterkcbire, where fur live years 
he fnltilled all the dutici uf a pariib 
priest <*ilh great fidelity and tucceta. 
He proceeded M.A. nSh, D.D. 1791. In 
1798 be resigned his Wtadaur canonry 
for a residentiary prebend of Si. Paul'i ; 
■nd Hnngcrford vicarsge tor that of 
New Windior; for lo great nai tbe at- 
--- ~ Ibe Third to 



. MiyenJie 



(bat his 






K WindtD 
ol Ihia change nf prelei 

e in (lie immediate neigl 
his Majesty. In le(W, o 
Bishop Warren, and cons, 
ition uf Hiihop Cleaver ( 
Bangor, Dr. Majendie wat preferred i 






974 OaiTUAtYd — Adm. Sir H. Nkhollt.'^Sir L. P^pifi, Bart. {Sept. 



ffffifntd both in 1806> when on tba 
dMtb of Dri Hortley, Bishop of St. 
AMpb, be Af tin followed Biibop Cleaver 
at EUiD^r. 

Dr. If^Jendie printed tbe foUonrlni; 
froloftaional tracts : A Sermon at tbe an- 
niversary of tbe Sons of tbe Clergy* in 
%L Paul's, 1800. A Sermon before tbe 
I«9(dt Spiritual and Temporal, in West- 
minster Abbey, on tbe Tbanksgiving for 
tbe Pesce, 1801. A Charge to tbe Clergy 
of the Diocese of Chester, 1804. 

Bishop Majendie bad a numerous fa- 
mily. Henry-WiUiam Majendie, Esq., 
his eldest son, died Feb 7» 18S4, aged 
84. Kdward, his youngest son, died July 
16, 1885, aged S3. J.-Routledge, then 
hia youngest, was married in 18S8 to 
Harriet-Mary, second daughter of the 
late George Dering, Esq., and first eoa- 
aln to Sir Edward Dering, of Surrenden- 
Dering, Bart. Tbe Rev. Stuart Mi^endie 
waa presented by bis father in 1894 to 
tin Reetory of Llanruddlad in Anglesey. 
The Rev. Henry-William Majendie, Pre- 
bendary of Bangor and Salisbury! and 
Viear of Speen, is, we believe, nephew 
to the Bishop, and son of his brother 
Lewis MiO^<ii«» E<q* P*S.A. of Heding- 
ham Cattle, Kent; be was also, we think, 
son-in-law to tbe late Dr. Fisher^ Bishop 
of Salisbury. 

Admiral Sir H. Nicholls. 

jl^g. 17. At Clifton, CO. Gloucester, 
In bis 72d year. Sir Henry Nicbulls, Ad- 
miral uf the White. 

This distinguished officer embraced 
the naval profession wbeu quite a child \ 
and may be truly said to have been 

" Bora on the wiadi, tad cradled in tke storm." 

His seal, perseverance, and abilities, 
during a l<»ng and arduous service, raised 
bim to the highest rank and honours of 
his profession. 

Subsequent to the war with the colo- 
nicSf this officer commanded tbe Echo 
sloop, on the Newfoundland station. On 
the 1st Dec. 1788, he was promoted to 
the rank of Post-CapUin, and soon after 
appointed to the Ampbion frigate, sta- 
tioned at Jamaica. During the Russian 
armament in 1791* he served as Flag- 
Captain to the late Hon. J. U Gower, 
in the Formidable of 98 guns, which ship 
was pat out of commission in tbe au- 
tumn of the same year. 

At the commencement of hostilitiei 
against France, in 1793, Capt. NlehoUs 
was appointed to the Royal Sovereign, a 
first-rate, bearing the flag of Admiral 
Graves, in the Channel fleet ; and on the 
memorable 1st June, 1794, when that 
officer was wounded, his place was ably 
supplied by Captain Nicfaolls, who bad 



the happiness of eootributing in a very 
eminent degree to tbe success of this 
brilliant encounter. Tbe Royal Sove- 
reign was among the first ships in ae- 
tioii, and at its conclusion was at tbe 
bead of eleven sail of the line, well 
formed, and in pursuit of fourteen of the 
enemy's ships, when tbe last signal was 
made by Earl Howe for his fleet to close. 

In this battle tbe Royal Sovereign bad 
14 men killed, and 44 wounded. Capt. 
NieboUs's conduct was specially notioed 
by tbe commander-in-chief, in bis puUie 
letter ; and be wu one of those officers 
to whom George the Third ordered a 
gold medal to be presented. 

The wound received by Admiral Graves 
causing him to retire for a time from 
aetiva service. Captain Nicbolls com- 
Bsanded tbe Royal Sovereign as a private 
ship until the spring of 1795, when he 
was removed into the Marlborough, of 
74 guns, where he continued until tbe 
period of the mutiny at Spithead, which 
created a considerable degree of alarm 
throughout the kingdom. On this oeea- 
sion the Marlborough's crew committed 
the most daring outrages, and evinced a 
spirit of disaffection in a greater degree 
than that of almost any other ship. 

In the summer of 1801, when Sir 
Charles Morice Pole was sent to relieve 
tbe late Lord Nelson In the command 
of the Baltic fleet. Captain Nicbolls ac- 
companied that officer, and continued 
with bim during tbe remainder of the 
war. In 1809 he was appointed one of 
the Commissioners of the Board of Na- 
val Inquiry, and afterwards Comptroller 
of the Navy \ which latter office, howe- 
ver, be enjoyed bat a short time. 

Capt* Nicbolls was advanced to the 
rank of Rear-Admiral in 1807; Vice- 
Admiral in 1810; Admiral of the Blue 
in 1895; and Admiral of the White in 
1880. He was also, for a short time, 
Comptroller of tbe Navy, which be re- 
signed, and on tbe SOth May, 1820, was 
elected a Kniglit Commander of tbe 
Bath. Sir H. Nlcholli:, though a strict 
officer, was still admired and respected, 
not more for his uniform leal, perseve- 
rance, and ability, than for bis escellen 
disposition, which displayed tbe kindest 
heart of a rough seaman in all bis deal- 
ings with mankind. 

Sir Lucas Prpyb, Bart. M.D. 

Jwtue 17- In Park-street, Grosvenor- 
square, aged 88, Sir Lucas Pepys, Bart. 
M.D. Physician-general to the Army, 
the senior Fellow of the College of Phy- 
sicians, F.R.S. and S.A. 

Sir Lucas Pepys was bom May 96, 
1748^ the younger son of William Pepys, 
Esq. of London, banker, and of RIdgley 



183a] OiiiTtfABT.— Sir L. Prpfft, Bart.—Lieut.-Gen. Gvard. 



in Cbetbire, (gfeM-fCntndion of John 
tVpjri, made Lurd Cbicf Jutlice in Ire- 
kiid in 1665, aiiil dHcfnded from an an- 
clrnt fimllr in CBmbriilepBhirr,) by Han- 
■ab, viJow of Al«innder Wflkr, Eiq , 
■Dd daughter of Dr. Richard RuitElJ. 0( 
Sir Lueai't elder brolUer, (he lale Sir 
Wlllijim Weller Pep.i, Bart. » memoir 
apiwarcd, oil h*u dcalh in IBSS, in our 
Tol. ZCT. ii. p. 85. 

I Bulb broihen were educated at Elon 
fttid M Chrtat Churrh, OiFurd { where 
iji Lucai took (he d«f;re<a of A.M. 1 167. 
U.B. 1770. M.D, 17T4. OnsetiJingin 
Landon, he 6ied bit reiidence in St. 
Anne-llreel, Sohoi andto early ■■ 1769 
he waa appuinled one oF the Phjilciana 
•t the Middles''! Hotpiml ; in IT70, be 
waa elected a Fellow of ihe Society of 

Aniiquariet. 

-. On the.totb o( Del. ITTa, the Right 
Hon-Jane-EIiEabeihCiiBntcuornutbei. 
m her own Hjbl a Pcpreat of Scotland, 
hnlowed her hand (at Brighton) on Dr. 
fcpjt, Her Ladyibip liad been pre- 
viously married (u George Raymond 
EMlyn, Esq. hy whum abe wai mulher 
to George- William the irnih Earl of 
itothea, who died in 1817, leaving a 
daufbter, who wai alio Counlesi in her 
•on ritht, but died in 1819, and w*i 
" by her elder ' 



9TS 

general to the Foreei on the dealh of Sir 
Clifton Winiringham, Ban. M.IX and 
F.R.S. in 1794. hi 1799 »e find hinfre- 
■ignlng Ibe oflice of Trcaiurer lo (be 
College of Phyiipiani, when Richard 
Bndd, M.D. wai elected hl« lucceisor. 

The Counlets of Rathei having de- 
ceued June !. laiO, Sir Lu-aa Pepya 
DiBrfird, lecondly, June 99, IBI3, Debu- 
rab, daiichlerot Anlhony Atkew, M.D. 
and has left that lady hii widow. 

A portrait of Sir Lucai, eiiEraved hy 
J.Godhy. from a drawing by H.Edriilge, 
wa> published in Cadell'a Contemporary 
Purtrailain 1809. 

Lieut.-Grn. GuanD. 

Lalelg. Aged &T, LI eui. -General Wil- 
liam Guard, Governor dF KilKxIe. 

Thii olGcer entered ihe army at the 
age of tixieen, aiidwai appointed Eiiugi) 
in Ihe 4Sih fool, June 13,1789 t Ueule- 
naat in I790i and Captain in I7S5. He 
purihiued Ihe Majority in 17.<IT> and the 
Lient.-Cobinelcy of the same >^orpi in 
After doing d 



Chaibun 



he joi, 



I, Iben 



n 1809. By Sir La- under Sir Cbarlat Grey. After (he 



,oght. 



for the Welt Indiea, where 
1801, i 



Eul, 

caa Pepya, the lii 
Botherof three children, who, as ii uiual rope, in July 1794. 
«i(b the offspring of iba beireaiei ol eorpa (which bid 
Seoilith peerage!, took ibeir morher'a ' ' ' '" ' 

Mme: I. the Hon. Sir Cbsrira Letlie, 
who hat now luccerded tobiibtber'a 
Baraoeicyi 9. the Hun. Henrietta, mar- 
ried in 1804 to William Courtenay, Eiq. 
Aiilaianl Clerk of the Parliament!, ami 
•Ider un of ibe lale Biibop of Eieter ; 
and ]. Ihe Hun. and Rev. Henry Lealie, 
(AapUin in Ordinary to hii Majrily, 
Prebendary of Eiettr, Rector of Welber- 
«R|, Suffolk, and Vicar of Sberpball, 
B«n*. He married in 1816, Ellaabetb- 
Jane, younger daughter of ibe Rev. 
JameiO>ket,of Tutiock iu Suffolk, but 



1 Ihe iaiand of Grenaila, i 
bruary, 1791. Hia regimeni beiiig 
draugtied the latter end ol 1793, be vu- 
lunleered hii servieea in the cipeUllion 
he French Weai India Iilandi 



Sir Lucaa wai appointed Pliyiician rx- 
iHordinary lo bia Majrity in I779i and 
•lected ■ Fellow ul ihe Rbyal Soeiriy 
Not. 9, 1780. In 1781 be wsiappoinled 
Me of the Comniittioncri for «' " 
Madlnuisi. By paleiit dnteJ Ji 
: 1184, in whtrh be wai style.l of Boihill 
ilkSurrry, be wai created a Baron el i 
i«hb remainder, on ihe failure of his own 
teaue otale, lu hia eldar bmtber William 
Wcllcr Pepya, E«). Mailer in Chancery ; 
mtm wu, howeverr aFierwnrdi raised lo 
digniiy, by another patitDt, 



atr I 



. 1801. 



( appointed Phytjeiu)' 



of which year il finally returned Id Eng- 
land. Early in 1803 the battalion waa 
ordered to Ireland, and beiug then 
joined by lb: aeninr Lieut. -Colonel (the 
late Lieul.-Gen. Monlgomerie], Lieul.- 
Col. Guard waa appointed to a tight bat- 
talion of The line. Eirly in 1804 be 
reaumed the command of hia uwn eorpi. 
In the autumn of 1805 he inircbed froni 
Ihe vamp at the Curragh of Kildare for 
Fermoy, and embarked ahorily after lo 
join the eapediiiun under Lurd llaib- 
cart ; but the intelligence uf the lota of 
the battle of AuilerliM, wbieb waa re- 
.. __ eeived by the corpa on its arrival lu lbs 
itinK Downs, eauted in daitinatian to be al- 
tered, and the battalion waa ditembarktd 
at Mirgaie in January, 1806, and 
marched lo Brabourne Lcea Barracki, 
in Kent, and ihortly after waa encamped 
on the heigbia of Sbomcliffe i from 
whence it marched in July, 1806, and 
embarked at Purtantoutb on Ihe 34lb 
and asth of the Mtoe umimVi. Ti^ie. w^^- 
ment iinailj tuVed \Ton.\ \\ie \*\« »' 
Wight, on tl* \%i\io(Wi'».\W*.^'»™ 



i 



«T8 



Obitvabt.*— Goptem SUr T. Stame$n 



[Septi 



Two dqrf afler tlw Aoal sufajiif alion 
«f C»nica« Mr. Suintt was raaiared 
fnom ibfl Lowettoflb fri^te into tb« 
Vieiory» a firtt-nttp beiriog tha flag of 
Lord Hood, ia which ship be aaaitted at 
tbo dMtnictioii of TAIcido Froncb 74, 
AoarTottloD, July 18, 1795* He after* 
wardt lenred ai mate of the tigDaliy on* 
der the immediate eye of Sir John Jer* 
via* bj whom he was made a Lieotenanty 
and appointed to the Peterel iloop, July 
a»1796. In Dec. following, Lieut. Stainea 
landed on the coast of Corsica, took poe- 
■emion of a martello tower, and threw 
the fun, a long brait IS-pounder, over 
apieeipice into the aea. The Peterel 
waa at that time eommanded by the 
Hen. Philip W(»dehou8e» and tubie- 
quently by Lord Proby. In June 1797, 
Lieut. Stainee obtained permifuon from 
the latter officer to attack a French pri- 
vateer, which had violated the neutraii* 
ty of Tuscany by taking forcible posses- 
sion of several merchant-vessels. Two 
boatS) containing twenty ftfficersand men^ 
beiAg placed under his orders, he suc- 
ceeded in carrying her, after a sharp 
conflict, in which ftve of his party were 
wounded. On this occasion he was per- 
aonally opposed to the French comman- 
der, who died soon afterwards in eonie- 
quenoe uf his wounds. The vessel thus 
taken mounted two long guns and seve- 
ral awivcls, with a complement of 4& 



la Sept. 179B, the Peterel, then at 
Gibraltar, under the command of Capt. 
l^iS^7» ^'^ charged with diipatcbes 
from Earl St. Vincent, to be landed at 
Faro on the coast of Portugal, for the 
Lisbon packet. In the execution of this 
service, Lieut. Staines had a very nar- 
row escape ; the Peterel's Jolly boat, in 
wliich he was proceeding to the shore, 
being upset by a heavy sea near the bar 
of Faro, by which accident four men, in- 
cluding the pilot, were drowned, and 
himself and the only other survivor ex- 
poaed to the most imminent peril for 
upwards of four hours. 

On the 18th of the following month, 
the Peterel was captured near the Ba- 
learic islands, by four Spanish frigates. 
It was fortunately re-taken the next day 
by the Argo ; but Lieut. Staines and the 
crew were carried off prisoners, first to 
Cartbagena, and then to Malaga. Their 
escort used ihem with great severity, 
and Lieut. Staines received a sabre 
wound on the wrist. Having been re- 
turned to Gibraltar, a court martial was 
held, and after acquittal they were all 
retnrned to the Peterel. 

The Peterel was then under the eom- 

jvaod of Capt. George Long, who after- 

wardtfell Mi Elbdf on the 3fi Feb. 1799f 

/fe WM9 §upeneded by Capt, F. W. Aus- 



ten* with whom Lieat.Stdnct eontimMd 
as first Lieutenant until Oet. Ifl follow- 
ing. During this period he was present 
at the capture of three French frigates 
and two brigs of war i also of an armed 
galley, a transport brig laden with brass 
guns and ammunition, and twenty mer- 
ehnnt vessels, most of which were cut 
out from the enemy's harbours by boata 
under his own directions. 

In May 1799> the Peterel was sent to 
Inform Lord Nelson, then at Palermo 
with only one line-of-battle ship, that a 
powerful fleet from Brest, having eluded 
the vigilance of Lord Bridport, had 
paued the straits of Gibraltar. On hia 
arrival off the north-west end of Sicily* 
the wind being easterly, Capt. Austen 
despatched Lieut. Siaiues with the im- 
portant intelligence, overland to the ca- 
pital, where he arrived at nine o'clock 
in tile evening of May IS, having per- 
formed a Journey of lit least 84 miles in 
two hours and a quarter, notwithstand- 
ing the road was very bad, and bis horse 
so little used to such great exertion that 
it died the following morning. For his 
very aealous conduct on this occasion, 
Lieut. Staines received Nelson's personal 
thanks. He soon after became third 
Lieutenant of his Lordship's fleg-ship, 
the Foodroyant 80, and was ever after- 
wards kindly noticed by the great naval 
hero. In the Foudroyant, Lieut. Staines 
assisted at the capture of two French 
Rear-Admirals, Perr^ and Decr^s, Feb. 
18 and March 30, 1800. 

After Nelson's departure from Leg- 
horn for England, June 1800, the Fou- 
droyant received the flag of Lord Keith, 
under whom Lieut. Staines served as 
signal officer during the whole of the 
Egyptian campaign. The superior me* 
dal of the Turkish order of the Crescent 
(or more properly speaking, of the Star 
ami Crescent) was presented to him for 
hia services at that memorable period. 

On the 3d l>ec. 1801, Lieut. Staines 
was appointed to act as Commander of 
the Romulus troop-ship, during the ill- 
ness of Capt. John Culverhouse ; and io 
her we find him employed conveying a 
detachment of the 54ih regiment from 
Alexandria to Malta, where he rejoined 
the Foudroyant, Jan. Of 180S. 

On the I5th May following, Lieut. 
Staines was promoted by Lord Keith 
into the Cameleon brig ; and during the 
remainder of the short peace. Captain 
Staines was employed keeping op a com- 
munication between Malta and Naples; 
but immediately on the renewal of hos- 
tilities with France, he entered upon a 
series of services much more congenial 
to his enterprising spirit. 

On the 5Kth June, 1803, the Cameleon 
joined Lord l^eVaon oft Twi\ott> axA al- 



inO.] 0D[Ti7*aT-—j:.iei(l.- Co/. MavtTfitld.—MajoT Bugha. 



lupremc Met, anJ whs fiiMlly >ppoiiit«l 
by lbs Con'rifs* of tb«t republk Prcii- 
ieal lot Ufe. He wai flrii Prrtidecil of 
Ihc hie conitiiuFnl Congreti of Buguta, 
KU drIeKitled b; (but body at uiie of tbe 

uriiU VfiHiueU. Wbcn (hii miitian bad 
pnivcd uniueceitful, and ibc Congms 
hadcloiedililabDun, lie wan prucevding 
lu the Soulhem dFparlmeiiU lu appeate 

under General Flures, -wbeii be mcl an 
Knlinely (ale, Sucre i( ihe fourtli ge- 
iMral, betides n)in]> inferior field ufficen, 
mho b«ve been aiiatsiiiiled witbin (be 
pad year bj (lie sol-dltaiit liberals. The 
Olhen were, Getiiral n( Divition Mirei, 
al San Borruii i General of Brigade Pm- 
del CuUllo, nexrGunyatiuil ; end Gene- 
ral Lueai Carbssal, on Ibe plaint of 

LlBin-.-CoL. John HiiVKRriErD. 
Sift. 1. Ac BriEhton. Lieut.-Cor. 
John HaverHeld, of Ke», one uf bin Ma- 
leity'a Jnttieei of ibe Peace for Surrey, 
late Lieut. -Colonel of ihe nrmv, and 
AiiiiuiK Quarter- Mailer Genera I to Ihe 
force*. Hi? FniereU the army a> an En- 
■Ign, on ihe STTb of P>'b. IT99 ; wa< 
Llenlenani, lOihJuly, IBOU; AJjuiant, 
ST>h June, IBOI ; Capl. 4»d Punt, IMh 
Ane. leCH; Capt, 4Sib Fool, b'lb Aug. 
I80T; Breve I -Ma] or, Cih Sept. 1810; 
and Lieut-Colonel, Tib Jin. IBN. In 
IB09, he (erred on IheSiafTsian Atm- 
tanl Quaner-Matler-General in Spain 
and Portugal. For lame yean he held 
Ibe fane slafT-a on ointment in Eneiand. 



rbtire 


urn lo England, be 


*ai ap- 


led to 


be Hon 


Artillery, i 




iee be c 


ami lined 






second 


Captain 


unt.1 prom 


Dlcd to 




nd of a 


company 


11 Feb, 


B. In J 


an. IBIO 


he embarked wilb 


company for Lit 


•on, for Ibe 


urpoie 


diniDKi 




and »a< da 


y after 


arrival 


bere «a 


ing orden 


o pro- 


J, when 


a Budde 


move men t 


of Ihe 






Jtb of S 



lain, made ic 
Cadiz, and 
nbarked at Lisbon wilh hit com- 
. and nrriVfd at Cailii early in Fe- 
y, wbere (be French, amounting in 
to SO.OOO men, under Maribal 
r, hid inveileil hia de Leon and 
;. Capl. Hughea coniinurd in com- 
I of the anillery at Ula de Leon for 



mpanie 



field un thac 



HjUOH 



I. Hij( 



Laltln. Ii . . 

aged 53, Pbilip Jamet Hugbet, eiq. Ma- 
jor in the Royal AriiJiery. 

Thii meriloriuut nlBcef was the de- 
(etndanl of n very ancient faioily in An- 
gletca, and lerved during the principal 
part ol the Penintular campaign. He 
entered ibe military ler'iee 99d April 
I79G, ai Second Lientenaiit in the R^yal 
Anillery ; w»i employed in the eipedi- 
tiun to DiieiiH in IT!)a, under the com- 
mand ol Sir Eyre Cunle and Sir Harry 
Kurrard, and ita* meniinned in a grati- 
fying nianner in the detpatehei of Ibe 
latierfur hit conduct in the acliun on 
Ihe Sand Hillt, near Otiend. on 90lh 
Hay IT6B. The force of the enemy being 
very ilroiig, added to the imputaibiliiy 
of ihe troopt re-embarking, compelled 
thaGeneral Ofllcer commanding lu lur- 
render. when the whole Engliih force, 
amoDUting nut lo above t&UO men, were 
rehed pritnneriufwar to Lysle, where 
I. [lughet continued until the Nov, 
aiag, when he returned to England, 



tillery arrived from England, three of 
which remained al Cadii, and the othee 
three were lent to the Ula. In the tnc- 
tle of Barroia, Captain Hugbei com' 

a severe contuaiun in hia eheit from » 
miuket-ball i be < 
maud in the corpt 
day, and received 
Ticea. In Oct. IBII, be commanded the 
artillery in an etpediliun lent to Tariffa 
from Cadii, and took with him a bri- 
gade of gun* (embarkii.p at Cndi:) un- 
der the orden of the lale Gen, Skerrelb ; 

cavalry, anillery, and infantry, which 
lerviee ended in the (iege of Tariffa, in 
Dec 1811. Gen. Skerreit made most 
honourable mention of thii ofilcer in hii 
orders on Ibe conclution ol the siegv, 
Majiir Hughei returned to England 
from Cadia in 1814, and (ince egm- 
mandcd Ihe artillery in ihe Western 

Capt. Sik T. Staines. 

July 13. At Dent-de-Lion, near Mar- 
gie, Aged GG, Sir Thomas Siainei, Cap- 
tain in Ibe Royal Navy, Knight Com- 
mander of the Bath, and ul the Sicilian 
a[d>:r of Si. Ferdinand and Merit, and 
Knight of the Ottoman Order of the 
Crescent. 

SirTboma* was born at Dent-de-'Lion i 
and commenced his naval career ai the 
beginning of Jan. 1T90, irom nbich pe- 
riod he served as a Midshipman on board 
the Solehay frinle, commanded by Cap< 
tain Matthew Squire, on the Weil India 
tlation, lill Ibe spring ol 179S. We sub- 
sequently find him priHeeding to the 
Mediterranean, uniti-r Ibe command or 
Captain (now Reai^Adm.) Cunningham, 
wilh whom he cunlinued in varioua 
■hips, from the c<>mmewc«^iwn\. a\ V»i« 
French levuVui'ionar) NiM.anxAvXwvaMi 



1 



I boirJ ilie Apunemnon ol 64 
I •funii h« cunlinucd wiib him durlug 
ibe many Hrviccs perfunucd in ihil 
sLip, and ovrnplcied under bioi b'n time 
-u s ptt-ty uint.-«r. In lbs expediliuii 
■eaiml TenerilTe, Mr. Niabet hm nith 
NeUuii M a Lieuieiiant In the Tbcieui 
74; and the affecliun entertained by 
biln tor bis patrcn it ttrorigl)' fxeni[ili- 
fl«l by 111) eunducl an (be diiutruui 
DiRhlst JuJy S4tb. 1797. 

Pcrinelly aware how detperate a ter- 
rice tbe atlack upon Santa Crui was 
'likely to prove, befure Nelsoa left the 
'Thneui, he called Lieut. Ni»bet, who 
had the valch on deck, into the ca- 
biii, that be miEhl auiat in arranging 
■ud burning his motLer't leKen. Per- 
eei*ing (bat Ibe young man was armed, 
he earneaUy beg^d bim to remain le- 
-hind, " Should we both fall, Joaiali," 
■Mid be, " whRt would become of your 
jmor ■Dither'. The care of tbe The- 
Kut falla to you : day, tberefore, niid 
'take ehirge of her." LieulenanI Nia- 
bet replied, "Sir, tbe >bip mutt take 
. eara nf herself ; I will go with you to- 
Bight, il I never go asiln." 

In ibe act of Eieppiiig out of the 

boat, Nelton received a ibal through 

I the tight clbu*. and (ell i Lieutenant 

[ 'Niabct, abu wnt close to bim, placed 

I the hottum of the boat, and 

['laid hit hat n*er Hie (haltered arm, 

•ighl or ihe bluod, which 

I ' guahed uui in great abundance, ahnuIJ 

increaie bii rainineEa. He (hen em- 

~ mined the wound; and taking •ome 

■ilk handkercbtrli frotn bit neck, bound 

tbem round tight iboTe ihe lacerated 

, vrttelt. Had it nut been Tor (hit pre- 

M of tniird in bit lon-in-law, Nelton 

It have periahed. Lieul. Nisbct then 

' Kllected half* doien teamen, by whose 

. ,^ttins tbe boat afloat, (or il bad 
I grounded wiih the (niting tide; and, 
I "fimaelr taking an oar, rowed off to Ihe 
n 'Tbeieui. under a tretneniloui, though ill- 
directed Are, from Ibe enemy'ihaiterlei. 
' * f M ■ private letter lo Sir John Jervis, 
I 'ihe fint *hich be wrote with bis left 
^ hand, Nrlann strongly recommended bis 



a letler addrctted to the com- 

[ _Biiiider in-chief, a few boun before be 

!t nut npun the enterpriia, be recom- 

• ■■■ ut.Ni.betlo Ibe protection 

Lfl( Sir. John, and uf the nation ; aitdinir, 

' the Duke of Clarence, thonid I laM, 

mfident, take a lively inle- 

W for in; ton.' ' 



Sibtt. — W. Pearum, Esq, 

tbe promolion of my ton-ji _ . . 

Niibel. ■ • • IE from poor Buwen'i Ion 
you tliink it proper lu uliltge me, 1 reit 
confident jou will du il. The boy it 
under ohllgaiiuiit to mej but he repaid 
me, by bringing me from the mole of 
Santa CruE," In hia (irsl leller to Lady 
Nelaon, be aaysi "I know it will add 
muchloyourjileasure to find that Jotiah, 
under Ood's pruvidence, wat principally 
iaslrumenlal in eaving my life." 

Lieul. Niihet, according to (be wiab of 
bis fatlier-in-lan, was immediaicly pro- 
rooted, and appoinied to tbe command 
of Ihe Dolpbin bospital-tbip, attached lo 
ibe Mediterranean fleet. On Nelton's 
recovery afler the lost of bit arm, and 
return lo ji^n bit farmer chief, be re- 
ceived tbe following letter from Earl St. 
Vincent, dated Dec. 11, l7SBt 

'< My dear Admiral — 1 do auure you, 
the Captain of ibe Dolpbin ha> acquitted 
bimielf mnrvelloutly well in three In- 
atsnce* ; in geitine his thip out and 
joining kia oif Cadiz toon after we ar- 
tnvoy o' 



ports with troopt from Gibrallar to Lis- 
bon i and lately, in pushing out lo pro- 
tect the tlragglert of the convoy from 
England in vci? bad weather ^ and be 
alio improves >u mannen and conversa- 
tion, and is amply stored wilb abilillei, 
which only wsi.t coltivalion lo render 


him a very good cbaraeter." 

Ill a leller from NipJet, dated^Jec. 94, 
ITS8, NeUon thui writes to bis wife ; 

"The improvement mada in Jotiah 



by Lady Hamilton is wonderlul ; your 
obligatiuni soil mine are infinite on that 

and as humane u ever wat covered with 
a human breast. God blesi, him, 1 love 
bim dearly with all his rongbnets." 

Capt. Niibet'n poit cummi«tioii bears 
dale Dec. 34, nsS. He w at promoted 
■ ■ — ■ ■■ of 36 guns. 



Fr.gaie 



lauded 



r mnitluned." 



B. SfMm^^Ut. 



Mediti 

ufOciolier, 1800, Previoui to hia return 
from Ibencr, be appears to have given 
oVence to his falher-in-law, by reniun- 
s(Ta(ing with hlin on bis iufataated at- 
tachment to Lady Hamihon, an ■ttaeh- 
ment which aFierwarda liad llie u uhappy 
elfect of totally neannig his alTectiimS 
from bis wife. 

Captain Niibet, we believei hai held 
no aubaei|Ueiil appointment 

William PtansoN, Esq. 

Sept. 14. At bia retidence in St. Ma(- 

lhK<*'<, Ipswich, and In tbe fiiilh year of 

bii agi-, William Pearaon, Em- an vini- 

ytara dntin-; the la^t «m fcCav^*"* '■''* 
the ,!»( MjtHMsiA ui ,ftio %o.*«*«-, ■****■ , 



988 



Obituary. — H^Uiam Pearson, Etq. 



[Sept. 



nkanry Cavalry, and brother to tbe Rer. 
Edward Pearson, D.D. lata Matter of 
Sidney Sutiex CoUefe, CarobridKe, a 
lexrned, piout, and exemplary diTinr. 

Mr. Pearson was distinguished for those 
essential qualitiri which adorn the cha- 
racter of mtn, and which deservedly 
conciliate tbe esteem of friends, neigh- 
bours, and acquaintance. A kindness of 
disposition and an urbanity of manners 
formed so prominent a feature in all hit 
thoughts and actions, as not only to 
mollify and control the harshness of 
hit professional duties, hut to make even 
these subservient to the claims of friend- 
ship and benevolence. Throughout life, 
his integrity was unimpeached, his sen- 
timents liberal and enlarged, bis social 
qualities attractive, his love for litera- 
ture and the fine arts refined, and his 
attachment to the cause of liberty, both 
civil and religious, firm and consistent. 
The virtues and excellencies of this ami- 
able man are thus feelingly and accu- 
rately pourtrayed in the following beau- 
tiful sonnet, from the }>en of the " Bard 
of Woodbridge : " 

««To W. P. 
If genuine love of freedom, testified 
Alike by words and deeds; if sterling 
sense. 

Pure taste, directed by intelligence. 
And candidly to liberal arts applied ; 
Jf, with such high acquirements, be allied 

A heart replete with true benevolence; 

Who will assert I have not just pretence 
To call their owner " friend'^ with ho- 
nest pride? [stniiii'd 
None would dispute it, might I, unre- 

By scruples, which but add redoubled 
strength [length. 

To. all I feel, inscribe my name at 

Cust what it will, that cherish'd name 

shall be [not by me. 

Honoured, rever'd, and lov'd, but alter'd 



CLERGY DECEASED. 

^uf^, 8. At Wantage, Berks, aged 49, 
the Rev. Cha, Tamkiru Jennings, He was 
of Lincoln College, Oxford, and gradiuted 
ALA. 1809. 

Aug. 11. In his 6Srd year, the Rev. 
Tho. Best, senior Fellow of Eaeter College, 
Oxford. He took his degree of M.A. in 
1794; B.D. 1804. 

Aug. 18. At tho Rectory-house, Brad- 
field, Berks, aged 80, the Rev. Henry Ste- 
vens, jun. Vicar of Buckland, Berks, eldest 
son of the Rev. Henry Stevens, of Bradfield. 
He was presented to his living in 18S8, by 
Mrs. Rawboue and T. H. Southby, esq. 

Jug 96. At the Glebe Hoose, Gosiield, 

Esaex, in his 77th year, the Rev. John 

ThiHow, one ot bis Majesty's Justices of 

the Peace far the County, He was educated 



at Clare Hall, Cambridge, where he pro- 
ceeded to the decree of LL.B. an 1786. In 
1782, he was presented by the Nugent fii- 
mily to the Vicarage of Gosfield; and in 
1787, by the Crown, to tho Rectory of 
Chelmondiston, in Suffolk.' 

Atig, 80. Aged 75, the Rev. Arthur 
Jaques, Rector of Willerby, near Scarbo- 
rough, to which living he was presented by 
the Lord Chancellor in 1 789. 

Aug, 81. At Steyning, Sussex, aged 87, 
the Rev. Themes Green, DJ)., Rector of 
Bramber with Buttolphs. He was of Magd. 
Coll. Oxford, M.A. 1766; B.D. 1776; 
D.D. 1789. He was the oldest member 
of Magdalen College, and was presented to 
the Rectory' of Bramber, Sussex, by that 
Society in 1788. 

At Neath, Glamorganshire, tho Rev. Rice 

Howell, M.A. of Jesus College, Oxford, 

' 1786, Vicar of Uancarvan, co. Glamorgan, 

and Curate of Cowbridge and Uanblethian. 

He was instituted to tho vicange in 1 827. 

At the Mitre Inn, Oxford, tho Rev. H, 
Begshaw Horriton, MA. late of Maedalen 
College, Rector of Bugbrooke, in North- 
anptonshire, and of Warmington, co. War- 
wick. Mr. Harrison took nis degree of 
M.A. in 1788. 

Lately. The Rev. John NichoU, B.D. of 
Jesus College, and formerly Rector of Re- 
menham, Berks. He resigned the Rectory, 
which is In the patronage of Jesus College, 
la 1798, and was succeeded by the Rev. 
James Jane, B.D. of that Society. Mr. 
NiohoU took his degrees of M.A. 1771, and 
B.D. 1778. 

The Rev. John Thompson, Vicar of Frani- 
ficld, Sussex ; to which he was presented in 
1808, by the Earl of Thanet. He was for- 
merly a Fellow of Queen's College, Oxford ; 
and graduated M.A. 1779. As a clergyman 
of tlio Church of England, as a scholar, and 
as a gentleman, he was justly respected and 
esteemed. He was a constant resident among 
his parishioners, and exemplary in the dis- 
cluu-ge of his pastoral duties. By his will 
he has bequeathed the sum of 200/. in trust, 
to be applied to charitable purposes for the 
benefit of his parish. 

Rev. Roterl Humphreys, Perpetual Curate 
of Bramley, Yorkstiire: to which he was 
appointed by the Vicar of Leeds in 1823. 

Rev. George ff^rington. Rector of Pleas- 
ley, Derbyshire, to which be was presented 
in 1793, by B. Tbomhill, esq.; Vicar uf 
Hope, in the same county ; and a Canon in 
the Cathedral of St. Asaph, to which he 
was instituted in 1791. 

Rev. Hugh Hughes, Vicar of Nuneaton, 
Warwickshire. He was of Jesus Coll. Oxf. 
M.A. 1767; B.D. 1776. 

Rev. Stephen Ralcliff'e, Rector of Kryne, 
Meath. 

Aged 35, the Rev. R. Black, BJ). Mi- 
nister of Ely Chapel, and Curate of St. An- 
drew's, HoWioia. 



^WP 



b. B.A. 



uufEmmuiiieJCoI]. 

IS06, M.A. ia09. 

Srpl. ID. Agt6 SB, iha R«<'. Kicholes 

RmH, DJ). Reeigr of ThHhbdy and of 

Tcotf, CO. Pcmb. He wu of Joiui Coll. 

0>f. ■nd grwiuatiHl it.A. 1797: U.U. 



DJ). I 



He> 



>, Bl. ii 



^ tl>e Il>i 



of TubtODJ Ii) 
■nd M lhi( of Tcab)' 
Ch«c«lli>r. Ht wum I'lcQ. Di urc 
m M*j;»ln(e fbr the counl; of Pen 
Stpt. 14. At hit lodging!, ]d I 
Hull, m hit 6Sth lur, tlia Rtv. 



WruKlelMCuulnd 
ofBA. nss.uidM 
WH mida ■ Fcllov of Migd>r«n ColJe^e, 
Cambridge, aiid lubuqutotl; Iwviog obtuo- 
ed OcMoo and Pricti'i uideri, he bectme cu- 
nta to tha laU Ra>. Kobtil ^Vlmrtoo, of 
Siggtaathonia, which •itnaliun he held till 
1799, when, TrDn ill health and alisut tolal 
lliadnuii be ma obliged to olllidn* frum 
pnUlc life. He waa an eicelleot aobolar, 



DEATHS. 
London ind its Vicinity. 
(.IB. Agcdaij, Arthur Rich.WellealeT, 
■. Capt. io tlie Rifle Brigade, and aldeit 
■ of tlw Hod. acd K<!>. Dr. Wellealay. 
^^vg.M. tDhu7athjeai,ltjib. Griffin, 
''f. of Souih-craMeDi, Ecdfordtquare, 
At Brampton, in bii 73d jreai, Uicbud 
m; Willett, eiq. 

Jll h'u raaideoce, Uliter-pUe, ttegent't 

|ak,T. Leigh Wliitler, ciq. 

lo Cliatlai-itreet, Ucrkelex-aq. in her 70tU 

Jar;, CouDtex of Malmet- 

■y, wtdoM of tlie late, ud inullier of the 

ntDt,£arl.>fA1aliDeihuiy. She wai the 

FWMgataiiUr of Sir Geo. Amyard, wlio no 

J MBuniaBautuuied the name ofCurneiratl. 

I Hw vuBtMiM Julias, 1777, to iha late 

k ]brl tt Malntaburj. 

~ ' (.SI. Is South Audlev' 

feu, W. Mitcl^ll, t 
iLof tbe£.I.C. >b1[>Brid 
lag. «B. Id AbiBgdun-iiKet, in her 
bujm, Mrt. Hallelt, vidow of the lata 
*~^a Hallatt, eiq. of Little Scoclud^ard ; 
' r of Clu>rla> Hallett, eiq. of 



•ancedagtiMra, BrieUc1ie,i«liot of the lata 
Cliartai BcialicLe, eiq. 

At PaddiogioO'grteo. in hi> fieih year, 
John Biirgeti, eiq. lats of Oreat Porifaod- 
itreel, aolicllor. 

Aug.i*. At Rich mood- te I race. Id her 
a&th }ear, Jaue Penelopa Hialian, i^ldeit 
d>u. of the Rev. Sir James Haohtia, Bait, 
of Dean'a Court, co. DorHl. 

jfiig. as. AtCamberoell, aged 87, Lewia 
Pingo, «q. fotmetlj chief engraver nf th„ 
Rojal Mint, from which be had retired fo. 

At NattiagbuD-place, Mtrj'-Ia-bonae, in 
her 19th ;ear, I label la Robertson, rouncint 
dan. nf the lue Re>. Dr. Alei. Sce»art, of 
CaDODgata, Etlln burgh. 

Avg. 37. Aged Si. W. H«ii7. .lol, .on 
of W. Scott Peckham, r«]. of MomiogloD- 
creacenl, and New BotwelUourt, Lin- 

lUK, Wlmpole-tlreel, in Wi 
le Ladj of the Hicht Hun. Si. 
Rubinion, D.C.I. Judge of 
urt of Admirilt)'. 

, Soulhwi ' 



SO, John Rawlinion Har . 

cently eleeled Member forSoull 



.. the I 



t illnei 



> bat 



Dated ii 



ippoied t 
iiuned b» iha latifpia and am'ietj at 
on ihe election. The boo. geut. liad leal- 
iiFd a coDiideralle fortuoe at d manufac- 
tuilDgaod retailing batter. 

Lalrly. Aged SS, Hrory Ejrc, eiq. 
D. C. L. of Botlej, Hant., .on-in-la« of 
Lord Hereford, and of the late Re.. Dr. 
Tripn, of Suofforth, co. York, and gte»t 
)f the last Lord Ejte, of Eyro Curl, 



CO. G.l> 



At GraUley Lodge, aged it, th 

iieorgiaoa-MBTia, Iad> of Unit.-col. Job 

^grace-Tboma. Supleton (to ■bom . 



HoD. 





Iter to 


e preaent Lord. 












Ki bj cutting hia throat -itli a ni 
&W. 6. In Park-place, Regent 




Pari 


ill Ibbataon, aiiter of Sir Cl^k. 


Ibbet 



1, Bart. 



r of William 



Id her 6t>tb -jta, Henriel 
*if> oF John Crlckilt, of D< 
m' CommoDt, eiq, 
■ id 7«, Thomua Wjalt, eat), of Nigl 



Portlaiid']>lac< 
t, in bii Right Hod- Rachel Ivei Ladj Buatoo. 

foimerlT "aa the elde.t dau. and " ' 

t,. Drake, of Aioeraham,«q.i waa married to 

ID her Lord >loatan, Nov, 14, 1801, sod b»d a 
the lata bmily of fiiur loni and lUi daughten, 

Sfpl. 7. At hii reiidence, BniDiwick-pl. 
Regenl'iPark, JameiWilaon, aaq.ofSnea- 
tOD Ca>t1e, Yorkahire, aod of Cane GroTe, 
in the hisnd of St. Vincent, in ilia Weat 
Indiei, Lieut,-Col. and Memher of the 
Council ID tbac Itlaod, and * Magittrau 
and one of tha Deputy -YJeuvenuAi ^°i '^w 
counM,MiiUwjW.P.fci\W<iVl.i eSXc*!. 
Tj^ ' ... .,»>«-&« 






984 



Obituary. 



UoDtneM ind tingnkrlt^ of hk speeehet oo 
th« Catholic question, in ihe Hoau of 
CoBimont. 

Sepi. 9. In Oftpham Rite, aced 78, Wm. 
Bolmer, Esq. formerly the spinted proprie- 
tor of the Shalnpeare priotiiiMffioe, 
whoie varioos iplendid pubHcatHmi nave so 
•ffectnallj contriboted to ettablieh the re- 
pnution of the Engfisb pren. We ehaK 
give a memoir of Mr. Bulmer in our next. 

Sept. 1 1 . In Oinaborgh-street, Rerent's 
^k, Dr. Geo. Bruce, late of the Madrai 
cetablishment. 

Ai;ed 49, Lieut -Col. Henry Sublet, late 
•f the Grenadier Guards. He was aopointed 
^uign 1 St Foot Cruards 1808; Lieut, and 
Capt. 1808; Capt. and Lieut.-coI. 1814. 
His brother Lieut. -Colonel Edward Stables 
died at Brussels June 90, 1815, of a wound 
lie received at Waterloo whilst commanding 
a bittalioD of the Grenadier Guards. See 

vol* LXZZV. 

. Stpt, 12. In Clapton-squtre, Hackney, 
fai hi* TGth year, Mr.Zachariah Brosnp. 

Sept. IS. In Osnabureh* street, Regent^s 
Pkfk, Mary, wid. of the Tate John Crutten- 
den, esq. of Salehurst, Sussex. 

Sept. 14. In Henrietta- street, Cavendlsh- 
sqaare, Sarah, wife of Thomas Watson, M.D. 

Sept. 17. In the King's Bench prison, 
Col. Bligh, who had been fur many years 
confined fur debt, was fbnnd dead in nis bed 
at his apartment in the Sute-house. The 
long controversy between this gentleman 
tad the Earl of Damlev, between whom 
we believe there was a nmily connexion, 
has been repeatedly before the public. 

Sept. 19. In Upper Bedford-place, T. R. 
Andrews, esq. 

Beds. — j4itg. 80. At the Vicarage, War- 
den, in her 3 1st year, Emily, second dau. of 
the Rev. Fred. H. Neve. 

Berks. — Aug. 94. At Sandhurst Pardon- 
age, Harriet Elizabeth, wife of the Rev. J. 
B. S. Carwithen. 

Sept. 4. In his 75th year, Josiah Bartlett, 
esq. of WickhiH, Bracknell. 

Bucks. — j4ug. 93. At Buckingham, Mr. 
William Holt, better known by the appella- 
tion of *< Squire Holt." He had for many 
years rented the tolls of the market and 
fkirs at Boekingham, and held the office of 
ale- taster under the Corporation. 

Aug. 99. At Flnmere House, in his 44th 
year, Henry Chandler, esq. 

Cheshire. — Sept. H, At Runcorn, in his 
70th ye^tr, Rob. Feilden, esq of Didsbury, 
Lancashire, a Maf^istrate of both eonnties. 

Devon.— y^tt^. 90. At Black HaM, the 
seat of his uncle, Hubert Cornish, esq. aged 
99, W. Floyer Cornish, esq. of the Inner 
Temple, Barrister-at-law, second son of 
James Cornish, esq. nf Totnes. 

jlug, 81. John Rose Drewe, esq. of 
O/MDge House, Broadhemhurj, 
DcRiiAM.^.itt^, 19. The widow of John 



Fred. LamW, esq. and dan. of the hte 
Leonard Robinson, esq. of Stockton. 

Sept. 14. At Darlington, aged 57» the 
widow of Harrington Lee, esq. 

EiiBZ. — /ftf. 91. At Walthamstow, in 
her 77th year, Elit. wife of S. Smith, esq. 

At Foreflt->place, Laytonstone, in his 58tli 
year, John Wright Unwin, esq. one of the 
c o ro n er s for Middlesex. 

Sept. 17. Aged 77* Robert Helme, esq. 
of Walthamstow. 

GLOorKSTBR. — Aug. 17. At Wootton- 
■oder-Edge, in her 84th year, Mary, wife 
of the Rev. Rowland HDI, M.A. ofSoney 
Chapel, London. 

Aug. 96. At Malcolm Ghur, Chelten- 
ham, Mary, wife of the Rev. John Portis, 
Rector of Little Leighs, Essex. - 

Sept. 8. At Farford Pkrk, Harriet, wifv 
of John RaynMud' Barker, esq. 

Sept. 11. At Kingsdowuy neei Bristol, 
aged 77, Thomas Ga&, esq. 

Sept. 14. In his 79th year, W. Dillon, 
esQ. of the My the, near Tewkesbury. 

HjiifTS.— i^. 99. At SbanUin PlMoo- 
age. Isle of Wight, Harriet Mary, youngest 
dan. of the Very Rev; Archd. Hill. . 

Sept. 17. At Southampton, aged 49, 
Robert Langfbrd, esq. of Upper Hariey-st. 
Cavendish«-square. 

Herbpurd. — ^i^ii^. 91. At Comberton, in 
his 61st year, Mr. Matthias Price. 

Sept. 5. At Chase Cuttage, the residence 
of his son. Dr. Jobs Briggs. 

Hkrts. — Sept. 8. At Sacombe Park, the 
Rt. Hon. Henrietta Dorothea Maria, dow. 
Countess of Athlone, and wife of Wm. Gam- 
bler, esq. of that place. She was the dau. 
of John Witttanv Hope, of Amsterdam and 
Cavendish-square ; was married to Renaud 
Diederick Jacob de Reede, 8vh and late 
Earl of Athlone, March 19, 1 818 ; was left 
his widow Oct. 31, 1893, with a dau, and 
two sons (of whom the elder is the present 
Earlj i and was married to her second hus- 
band (a cousin of Lord Gambler) May d, 
1895. 

Sept. 5. At King's Langley, aged 79, 
Thomas Toovey, esq. 

KzvT.—July 94. In the Royal Arsenal 
at Woolwich, in her 48th year, Eularia 
Lady Dickson, wife of Col. Sir Alex. Dick- 
son, K.C.B. Royal Artillery. 

Aug. 19. At Ramsgatc, Elizabeth Bloora- 
fteld Cariile, eldest dan. of Edw. Carlile, 
esq. Hempstead. 

Aug. 30. At Blaekheatb, aged 63, Wm. 
Laeas, esq. 

Aug, 81. At Tunbridge Wells, aged 17, 
Eliza, only dau. of Richard Holmes Coote, 
esq. of Lincoln's Inn, and Queen -square, 
Westminster. 

Sepi. 4. At Dover, in his 63d year, RoU 
Marsh, esq. 

Sept. 6. At Blackheath-hill, in Iter 8dd 
vear, Mrs. Walker, relict of the late John 



«Pirlii 



Gilbert Junei, aq 
oUcitor ia SdiiLur' 
lawuM.P.duiii 



Aug.iB. Ac Shitwtbutj, (gcd ae, Mc. 
Tliomu UoRdl. prinier uid booiiiclln'. In 
1816 lie publuhed " Ths Stnoi^u in. 
ShrewsbutTi or mi Hittoricil lod Duciip- 



I Bmni, wiTa ol Thamu K. CobU, «iq. ud 
•Matt ilsB. of i>tg Col. Totre, of SnvdsN, 
Yorkihlu. 






'orklioi 



-W 



•he hid 



I 



Ud log ; 



litbcd 



jMn. BUaa SwuibricL, 
■M ml diu. nf K lupcciable ini 
■xuci Walnfiold. 

LHOUTUHHIHI. — jfltg. M. A 

donon, tgfd 77. John Moo™, G« 
■■1 tlia gi«*t inpiiDrlcr of the cho 
•hufch hir mots ihin half * ccnti 

nut ihruugh life lo the pciociplei 
good old Khool »bich Jobu Bull ssl 
ffmarda of 300 jemn p^o* 

LiHCOLViHiRi. — Aug. 90. In his 91tE 
jfi, Mr. Aid. Coddingtoo, father of ihi 
G.rpor»i;c.oofSt.n.fDrd. 

J*g. 17. Ae Walcot, iu his BMh thi, 
Williwi Cooptand, aiq. nf York, and (be- 
inaih' of A«nb]f, ne»iThirilc. 

MittDVUi,!. — Laifly. At Kandood, in 
iMf I7lh jcv, the Lady Ccailia Sarah Mur- 
nj, dan. of iha Eul ofMaDaficld. 

NnnioLK.— &pr. !. At WiabaaeD.agsdSO, 
iha UoD. Augulla M>nr it Ony, jouogeit 
iIm. of iha luaTr.iH. Lord Waliingham, 

San. la. Al Anmer, in hia 7iA y«r, 
inm Coldham, i^iq. 

NORTUAMFTOHSHIIIE.— .|4|J£-, 9 ■. Al H&- 

MlfaMds Hitl, of a mptarg nfa bloed-ypnd. 
W. Edwjn Burwbt, 
ije, Barri^ur .1-U-, 
CoinmuD P!«de 

^tw- sa. 



q. ofthelDDat' 

nd ono of the 
oftha GtyofLood. 



L 

^H Mar Chareh Siretton, Mr. Robcil To'e;. 
^^K n> wuaniao of ingcngili, fond of aalliiui' 
^^H fiNi and ui cocnunger of the lini 
^HVoted much of " 



. r, John Kipling, e«q. 

NORTNUMBERIiJJVn, — Aug. SI. At Prci- 

neu Noclh Shield!, aged sa. Mu; 

* of John Feniticl, e.q, and irollier of 

E C. S. Panwick, au. of the Red Bitiu, aeu 

' Ke.c»tle. 

NoTTiMOHjiMaHini. — yii^ 31. AlKlint- 
huB Hmiae, near Nraaik, aged IS, Thoi. 
Bloekbonw Uildfatd, ««). * Jiutlie ef the 
Peaca for Nntiinghamihire, Heuasieeo- 
■leman of great liheralllj and D)uni(io«aH, 
•ad rteentTj buitt a church eot'tielj at liii 



[Mildinga in ths cottaga 
Boarlf Grange, near Wen! 
lay Cotlage, are ipecimeni 
book*, paiatiaga, Bad antii 
wm diipMedof !>/ auciitw 



anllqui- 
im. He 

of »hioh 
nd Dodg. 






T.^Au/: 



t Bath, Hai- 



eldcKdao. of J»li 
ConuoiHaiy-Qenenl to tha Foicei. 

At Bath, aged S3, Anne, oife of the 
R«*. W. Wugaa Bajnei. 

LaSehj.—Al Bradford, aged i9, Julia 
Hintnn Hall, e>q. a coraniercial man much 
ie>peote<l. 

Sfpt. 7. Ac Bath, Thomas Nutcoml« 
Qoicke, etq. Ule Capt. in the Dnsooo 
Guarda, and fourth ton nf tlie late Joha 
Qo'cke, eiq. of Newton Houae, Deion. 

Sfja.\e. In St. Jamei'i-aquare, Balb, 
Sophia, wife of Vice-Admiral Sir Hanrr 
Batoloo, KCB. 

STArronosiiiRE.— .^»^. It. At Long- 
pnrc. near Bunlem, aged 105, Mr>. Marga- 
ret Tharma. 

SurroLK.— .^Hir. 29. At howeUott, in 
bia 43d year, John Mone, ck). of Swaff- 
ham, Norfblb. 

SvRatv.—Aue.tO. Emilr Pallmer, lOth 
dan. of Dr. Uareourt, of RetioIJ HouK, 



E-ell. 



ft 1ddi; and paioful 



Sat. 7. At Biohmond, Mary, relict of 
Fairbi Mcireaby, e>q. nf SudT.itd.hita. 

Srvl.lO, At triijdou, aged 76, John 
Haino, uq. 

Smsiit. — Aug. S7. At Bogtinr, Lieut.- 
CoWel Tyodale. l.te of lit Reg. of Ufa 
Guardi, and of North Caroey, Gluuceitct- 

Sepl. 14, At Wonbinp. aged IS, Anna, 
■tcond (hu. of Sir C. F. Ooriog. Bart, of 
H-ehiea. 

WAnwicKliitm.— ^ug._ «»_ " " 
niiiigton, aged 

L^yDucie, til _ 

and niece to the Earl of Eeremont. She «» 
the anl« da. of Henry the Itt and lata Earl, 
by Lady Eliz.-Alicta-MaiiiWyndhamr -ai 
nurricd to Lord Ducie »tb Dea. 1797, and 
had iiiae two inni and four daughten, one 
of whom li the preientConnteta of Denbigh. 

Sept. 4. At Learaingtan, in hit Slit 
year, Mr. Robert Hogird, laee-nnnufitc- 
turer, &c. of Waterloo-place, Pall-mall. 

Wilts.— 5<p(. e. At Hill Houw. neat 
Mtlir.eihury, in h(f 4Sth ^eai. Ht\w,'«''S« 
of the Ret.ti.h.Bi£AB1tnkiiD,%J(tVit o' 



the Right Hoo. Prat 

EotheEattofCarnan 



^ 



866 



Obituary.— ^Bi// oj Moriatilff. — Markets. 



tSept 



Wo»CKtTKiiiHiRt.<-^^. 8. At Bewdlej, 
■gtd 90, Philip OrtOD, Mq. Ut« of Li- 
verpool. 

YoRKMirRi.— iltfgr. 18. At HqH, ■gw! 
IfB, the R«T. John HeiMwoitb» fomerly 
Minbter of Paragon Chepel, Bemondtey, 
wbi of Eett HooM boerdbg-tebool, Wel- 



^g. 19. At Harrogate, in his Slst year, 
W. Smtthjon, eto. Tate of Heath, near 
Wakefield, Lieat.-Coh»el Coromandant of 
the two Regimenti of the Leeds Looal 
MiOtU. 
. ^vg. t5. Aged 68, John Homer, esq. 

Stpt, 1. At Cottingham, in his 70th 
jear, P. W. Watson, esq. F.L.S. a scientific 
botanist, and one of the (bunders of the Bo- 
ttaieGardenin Hull. 

At' Bridlington Qoay, aged 47, Richard 
Hutchinson, esq. of Welham, near Retftml. 

Walbs.— 6<(^. 11. At AcUin Park, Den- 
bMthire, Harriet, wife of Sir Foster Cun- 
lim, Bart. She was dan. of Sir I>avid Kin- 
loeh, of Gilmerton, N. B. hart, and was 
iMM^ried to Sir Foster Cunlifie in 1781, bj 
whom she bad 7 tons and 9 daughters. 

ScoiXAND.— 5«p^ 8. At Argyle Pkrk, 
near Edinburgh, £mily Jean, second dau. 
of Allan Maodowall, M.D. of St. Vincent's. 

Sept, 6. At Edinburgh, the Right Hon. 
Lady Isabella Margaret Dooglas, sister to 
the late, and aunt of the present Earl of 
Selkirk. 

AmoAD.— ^vfy 8. At St. Mary's, New- 
fenndland, aged 59, Wm. Phipard, esq. 
merchant. He formerly resided in Poole, 
and had during the last 90 years filled the 



sitaatlon of Chief Magistrate of the distr'ict 
in which he died. 

July 6. Near Ooshen-hill, Union Dis- 
trict, South Carolina, at the great age of 
101 years, 3 months, and 4 days, Mr. Sa- 
muel Selby. 

July 16, At Alexandria,, the daUb of the 
Pacha of Egypt* She was the wife of Mo- 
harem BcT, governor of Alexandria. The. 
Pacha followed the corpse on foot to the 
grave. 
. Aiig. 6. At Albane, near Rome, in her 
S8d year, Sarah Emerson, wife of Lieut.^ 
Col. Manley, of the Roman Dragoon 
Guards, and only dau. of late W. Stodtey, 
esq. of Swaffham, Norfolk. 

Jug. 96. A^ed 6 1 , his Serene Highnesa 
Ferdinand reignmg Duke of AnhaltCoetben. 
He was the eldeat son of Prince Frederick 
Eidmann of Anhalt Pless^ in High Silesia,and 
cneceeded to Coethen in 1818 on the death 
of Louis, hut Duke of the principal branch. 
He was twice married ; secondly, m 1 81 6, to 
Jolia Countess of Brandenburg; but leaving 
no children, » succeeded byliii next bro- 
ther Henry. 

Sept, 9th. In Roe do Convent, Bor- 
deaux, afier a lingering illness of atrophy 
and decay, Alex. Oswald esq. senior, of the 
firm of Messrs. Oswald and Son, merchants, 
at Bordeaux. The melandioly death of his 
first wife is recorded in vol. Lxxiv. p. 194S. 

Lately. At Plescow, In the government 
of Novogorod, at the extraordinary age of 
166, a husbandman of the name of Michof- 
sky. His mother lived to 117, and one of 
his aisters to 119. 



BILL OF MORTALITY, from Aug. §•> to Sept. 91, 1880. 



Christened. 
Males - 1030 
Females - 989 



i 



9019 



l^uried. 
Males - 814) 
Females- 719/ 



Whereof have died under two years old 
Salt 5«. per bushel { 1 id, per pound. 




9 and 5 196 
6 and 10 65 
10 and 90 66 
90 and SO 84 
80 and 40 185 
40 and 50 199 



60 and 
60 and 
70 and 
80 and 



60 183 
70 191 
80 109 
90 41 



90 and 100 5 



■ • 


CORN EXCHANGE, Sept. 97. 


Wheat. 


Barlev. 
s, a. 


Oats. 


Rye. 


Beans. 


s. d. 


t. d. 


4. d. 


r. d. 


70 


39 


30 


84 


46 



Peas. 
#. d, 

40 

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, Sept. 95. 
Smithficld, Hay 9/. 15«. to 6/. 0«. Straw 1/. 11 «. to 12. 185. Clover 3/. 05. to 5/. 05. 

SMITHFIELD^ Sept. 97. To sink the Offal— per stone of 8lbs. 

Lamb....i 4#. Od. to 45. 6d, 

Head of Cattle at Market . Sept. 27 : 

Beasts 8,373 Calves 167 

Sbeepand Lambs 97,730 Pigs 990 



Beef 35. 4d. to 8f. 8di; 

Mutton 35. lOd. to 45. 4d. 

Veal 45. Od. to 4f. 6d. 

Pork 45. 4d to 6«. ' Od 



COAL MARKET, S^t. 97» 395. Od, to 885. Od. 
TALIX)W, per cwt.<— Town Tallow, 495. 6d. Yellow Russia, 395. 0<f. 
SOAF^^Y0Uow,62s. Moit\od,6B3, Curd, 795 . CANDLES, 85. per doz. Moulds, 95. 6(f. 



■i^ 


^" 


t 9sr ] 


■ 


^H 


1 


Waso] 








HL PRICES OF SHARES, Scplemlier ^0, 1830, 






^KltheOeegofWOLFE, Biotik 


»(. Stock Si. Sh.rs Bruktrn. in. Change Alley 


Cornhlll. 




CANALS. 


/^.«. 


fJ.uv--a™. 


ha: la AVa, 


Prict. 


rj<ft;,.a«. 


A<l.1.t-<te-l>-Ziiuch . 


£■.84 


f . 4 


tV».tofD6»n . . 


'■is 


£ s 10 




A9l.lO;>.D<IUUJluiQ . 






■M»ncliMtcr&.L'v,r|<. 


aoo 




















HtHkaock tti Alwrgn. 


233 




WATEIt-lVOKKS, 

Eui LoDdun . . . 








6 


lie 


5 










Grmid JuQCtiva ■ . 










850 




Kent 












17 










C.«j.1oii .... 


! 




Switli Locdoa . . 


as 






Df,l,y 






We>tMiddbsi» . . 








Du.ll*y 






INSUaANCES. 








EllnoitteaivlCliMMi 


BO 




Alldun 


89 






f.irtli miJ CIyiIi . . 






AlliiDiia .... 


9i 


4 p.ct. 




OiudjUcliun . . 


ago 




Ailu 


111 


10 




870 




Brlliik Commcrcid . 


6 


Slp-ct. 




Onod Surrej . . . 


so 




Cuuiity FJra . . . 








Oruid Union . . . 






E.BI. 


H 






OnndWuMio . . 






Glol« 


)S4l 








«ia 




Guudima .... 


flSl 






Hadd.r.6.1tl ■ . . 


16 




HoncLifg .... 


oi 






Konnct >Dd A>cui . . 














Uoc-cer .... 


S4i 




D.l'tc Uf, . . . . 


111 






Lcedi and Llrerpuol . 






Prirtaclor Fitt . . . 




u.eJ. 




L.-H».tar .... 




17 




sol 






UicindNortU'ii . 


90 U 




a.«kLire .... 


si 






M.r«y.»d(i-dl . 


3300 


i-s 


HI. Eichinge (Stock) 


199 


fip-Ct 




GflS 




MINES. 








M<HUIO.tb.hI» . . 


U3 




Anelo Meijcan . . 
a-fanot .... 


33J 

soa 






N.W.kh>m&Dill><ui. 










N<.th 


sfio 


18 


BnillUnriiLitSpm) 










6as 




t).iti.l. Irtm . . . 


7i 






PokCnrcX . . . 






CulDml..(lH.MSp(n1 


33l Jll. 






Recenl'l .... 






HihccniEn ... 


4t 






Rochdalt .... 






I.Uh MlniDg Compr 








ScncnndWr* . . 


«u§ 




Red Del M<Hi(a . . 








S»ff.mdW«. . . 






United Mexico . . 








770 




GAS UGHT3. 










S90 




WctminiterCWl*. 




9 




Str.ifo.d-on-A.oB . 


«i 




DitKi, New . . . 




11 




Suuudnter . . . 


400 


as 


City 

Ditto, New ... 


191 


10 




S-u>e> .... 












TlixDn&Settm.Btd 






rhceoii 


S pia 

M dii 






Ddl>. UUck . . . 






13ritl>li 






T,<!M&y\ttM,H,h.) 


750 




D>lli 




8 j pet. 




W>r«. ud Birmiiur. 


490 












Wuwi^i «id Nipton 


110 




Binoinghun&Slaffurd 
BriBhto% .... 
Bnital 






1 


WauudB«k> . . 


"i 




91 






Wok. ud Birming. 






eip-ct. 

Sp.«. 




DOCKS. 






I,l«ofTW.t. . . 


9 to 




St. KitlMiiae-. . . 




8 pel. 


L.WW 




4 p.ci. 




LaodM) (Stock 


771 


31 An. 






10 




Wtitladi. {Stock 


190 


a odo. 


M>id<toa« .... 




Gp.ct. 




BMiindlt (Stock 


80 


4 Odu. 


lUtDliff .... 


40 


4p.t:t. 




^ CanxRikt (Stuck 


88i 


4 Odo. 


Kochdil 








^UMMol .... 






Sheffield .... 




1 u r. 




^K BRIDGES. 






Warwick .... 
Ml<!rii'l >.ANRniT<l 


10 di. 


a p,et. 




%^ 


_ 


Ao«r.li« (Agticiilti) 


Do. No 7i p«r cnt. 




1 IS 


Auction Mart . . . 


s.^o 


, ~ 1 


VnnMl . . . ■ 


19) 


1 


Annuilf, Hi'.iu^ . . 


\ \9 


\ av-w- 1 


WmuIm .... 






B«.k,lriA¥tOT,i,c\a\ «V 


\ *'*^J 


•A-^caH^f/A . . 


«* 


17 4 


Carnat.Su>cV,U\cW»\ 9b\ 


\ \''Ji 




.."* 




Diiw, Uc\ia» . .\ »^ 


°w 



t sss ] 

HETEOROUWICAL DIARY, at W. CASY. Stiiiid, 
A«M .Alt. afl, ttSipi. a, mo, (oi* fufu^ar. 



rihranlwit' 


Tlunn. 






F>lii 


nl,p; 


'. TlieiB. 












-fl ■ 


















•s« 




i 


^- 




WHtlier. 


•s^ 


!■? 


a 


^? 




Wulhtr. 


l-l 


Se 


z 


-^1 






;?^ 


CIlS 


2 


;.' 






.*«■ 


■ 


a 


• 






Sfp. 


« 


" 


" 






W 




S.! 


(iS 


ta, Bi 


Ur 


11 




Hi 








«s 


fill 






bii 


M 




SB 




, S5,dogdj 


ts 


iS 


A4 








in 


fli 




,14 






fifl 


(is 


fto 


.91 














so 


no 


(iM 


M 














, 6n'f.i( 


SI 


flfl 


<iR 






fur 










, GS;fRir 


S.l 










r>ir 


17 




.lil 








({9 






. l<cloudy 








AH 






(m 


«(! 




!S, ao;clnudy 
















fi* 


ftfi 


, 9o!ci™/r 






fl4 


fia 


, 60 eUnidy 




fin 


dfi 




, 0?iduiiJy 




.■V* 


Att 


4r 


, ED eland* 












i* 


so 


«a 


u 


, .SOclmidy 










, 70J.how»rr 


«ft 




A4 










«4 




.Wcloudj' 


>4 


fifl 






;6B.U«? 




ftS 


M 










(ill 






10 


as 


b'4 




, 6S 


dond, 















DAILY PRICE OF STOCKS, 
FniK Aug. se, M Apt, SS, 1830, bnOi ijidtid 



,::-ii:3r^l:ls.--3|r 



13 nii alpij loojliooj j losj mi ,8oes 

_3JJ aiHj i 1004. lOOj j lOfii 19(839 

19 ni soi'goj 30 1 sail ggj jlio4i laj S3 b» 

ly 90i IHOi i 9ai 99j99i i'lO^j ISJ aSTj'so 81 
19 I9li90j!)0i 90 ■ 99i'H9i j lO^H I9i| 8» 80 

1B§ 9oj no n9j .qgj |lio3i lajj. 

, .3H SillMi I9i, 

,9Si 7i 19i 7470pin, 

,97* Si '" 

-9Si 7i a7i lilfii 7J 

--' -" fl7i ,S7i il 






98} 7i|- 

Iflfli B|- 

I '97* H\- 



76 77 ptn. 
76 77 



Old Ssntt Set Aon. Bcpt. I, 91. 



UX] St. Jamu't Church, Bermoadteif. 

NEW CHURCHES.— No. XXVII. io Mch f.cf j 
St. Jambs 's, Bermondsey. 
Ateldlecl. Smage. 

THE Church which fbxns ihe itib 
j«t of ih« pKWnt mgrivinj. i- 
torn »r (he hJiidMmeii <rrcicd und<?i 
K the CommiMion. Ttit arcbileciutr ii 
KOrecUni bmthemodeoratrangeniFiii. 



»7 



aflM 

I CH, am), therefore, Tir more Trorlhy of 
f •dmiritionihan the fathionabtr m^actc 
\ imilalion»«rG[«oian [tniplM. !< iiaiiiU 
n ihc Siia roaii, in an cxirnint burial 
' B^ouiid, mdoKd wiiliaii iron railing. 
The plan of ihe building ihowi a 
lufa anil liile ailca, vvilh a chsncel 
tai *esi(i«i ai ihe eaeirrn enil, and a 
porliM aad lobbici at the ojiposite ex- 
Ironic; J ihe whole being ertcled on a 
. raulled baseitirni, occiipivd » ciia- 
\ cnmbl. Tlie snpertl rue lure ia btiill 
with briclc and none, and it lel on a 
plioib of graniie. The west Ironi, 
thown in ihe view, \» made inio a 

by ihe portico, 
composed 

tumni, railed on a pUtform of graniie, 
approached by iiepj in ilie from oDd 
flanki, and lusiaining an archiirate, 
tc, and bold dentil cornice, sur- 
nionmcd by a pediment. The ceiling 
'i pannclled with coijionn, and ihe 
aorii coTBiei) «<ih lead, la ihe wall 
I ihe back of ihc porlieo 1> a doorway 



a imnll temple 
of a (quare tbrin, open at iheiidci, end 
compoted of 18 Ionic columni, three 
being lituated aleachanglc; the whole 
is lurmonnled wiih an enlabtaturc and 
blocking counc, having cinerary utni 
81 the anxici. In ihi> Mory hansi tlie 
clock bell. The third story is tnore 
plain: it i> iquare. and hat a citcular 
htadeil t 






iih 



entablature, sur* 
Ihe angles. The 
*iih a ■quHre 
hidl's eye in 



of luagnilicFni proportions, hound i^d 
by an architrave, and croivned with a 



frieie and 



The e 



pedestal, jiierced 
each f;ice, and crowned with a 
uud blocking course, an which ii tel a 
tqoaie block with a (pherical head, 
luslaining a balluiier, enriched with 
leaves, and crowned with a laite in 
form ofa dragon; the pamhionEra hav- 
ing aiiciiipieu a rivalry with the far- 
frinicd Bow steeple. 

The lateral divisions of this fronl 
have smaller doorways of a corrnpond- 
ing characier with the centre : at the 
angles are aniE, and the elevation ii 
crowned wiih an entablature, archi- 
trave, anil friete of brick-work, and a 

The flinki are uniform j the sou ih- 
ern, shown in the snuraving, hai eight 
windows in iheaisle, in farm ofa irun- 
oated pyramid, and inclosed within ar- 
ohitraves; the elevation is liniihed with 
lh« eoiibUtnre continued from the 
front; the clerestory has six 
rched windows, and is hnlih- 
parapei, having on the whole 
less liandsume appearance than the 



'XI" 



I part of Ihe charch is conlinued 
aba*« the portico, and fninii a pedes- 
ul somevthit higher than the pedi- 
ment 1 at the front angles of which are 
dluraipplieitaipinnicln. These altars 
arc Muare, with rami* heads at the an- 

£*, trout the horns of which depend 
tMni) above the centre of the pedestal 
riats the tower, which is divided in ele- 
vation into four Hories. The first, which 
JiMjnar* in plan, consists ofa pedestal 
and superstmciuie ; the latter is guard- 
ed at the angles with aniie, and h)s 
areolar archnl wiildows on each (aw, 
: (hit riory rs 
Jic.audon 
angles of the cornice are pedestals sur- 
mounlfd wiih acroteria. each enmpnted 
of a b>.'.iiil>rul gruup ol honeysuckles. 
The second siory it smaller, und com- 
ineiwe* wiih a pedestal, hat infj a dial 
Omt. Mjo. Oeltitr, IKIO. 




[) of 6iher portions. The east rrootCBttsiil 



wiili proji-cting wings; 
the Ibrnier has no window, but in 
lieu thcreur, the wall is hrulLCo into 
the form of an arch ; the wings have 
entrances, and are finished as the 
flanks. The (oofs of the nave and 
ailei are staled. 

The INTERIOR 
is approached by a tp^cloui lobby of 
equal breadth with the west front, inio 
which the three entmncrs leod. In 
Ihe lobbyaia stair* to the gnlleriet, and 
Other enirinMS id the main bvildloi;. 



a rolunnade on each tide, which it 
nuoied of five fjujre piers with 



t 990 ] 

MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



A SuBSCHiBBR would bt gUd to know 
where to find • peper celled *' Smith's Pro- 
teetent Intelligenoery Domettic end Fo- 
Ttign/' of Feb. 8, 1680 ; end eDj person 
having one to dispose of, would be hand- 
eomclj remunertted. It eonteins the fol- 
lowing estrsct, which the present hntd 
Grimston, Member for St. Allmn's, is 
■ittious to possess : — " We leern from St. 
Alben*s, that the town having notice that 
their two late Members designed to come 
down from London thithef) and Judging it 
might be some expeooe and trouble to them^ 
called a HsU the day before, and imme- 
diately proceeded to elect them, at which 
time some of. the principal persons in the 
Borough collected about 40/. wherewith 
they treated the poorer sorts of the inha- 
bitantSy and ihea sent word to their two 
Burgesses that they had already chosen 
them for thtf succeeding Parliament^ and 
would not put them to the inconvenience 
of a journey thither.'* The Members were 
Thos. Pope Blount, esq. of Tittenhanger> 
and Samuel Grimstou, esq. of Gorharobury. 

H. H. G. says, *<The Thos. Frank, in- 

auired after in p. 194, appears to have been 
be Rector of Cranfield, co. Bedford ; he was 
also Archdeacon of Bedford, end Preb. of 
Lsagford Manor in Lincoln Cathedral. He 
was succeeded in the above-mentioned Rec- 
tory in 178 If by his son.-— It is probable 
the register in question was a transciipt 
made by Thomas Frank ; for the gentleman 
alluded to above was only 6'8 years of aae 
at the time of his decease in 1731. He 
was buried in Cranfield Church." 

J. T. says, ** In your Magaxine for De- 
cember last, p. 508, is the weight of < some 
of the heaviest bells now rung in peal,' and 
amooff them the tenor of St. Mary, Red- 
cliff (not Radcliffj, Bristol, which church 
u there stated to have a peal uf eight. Be- 
ing at Bristol lately, I had much pleasure 
in renewing mv acquaintance with that ve- 
nerablo pile, * the pride uf Bristowe and the 
western land,' and on inquiry found the 
tower contains a peal of ten bells, two hav- 
ing been added about seven years since. — 
Your Correspondent also states York Mins- 
ter peal at ten. The Bncyclopedia Metra- 
politana, under the article Bell, says it has 
twelve ; and mentions three other peals of 
twelve besides those noticed, namely, St. 
Bride's, Fleet-ttreet, London i Cirencester, 
and Paynechurch, Gloucestershire." 

S. S. A. R. would be obliged by any ac- 
count of the orighi of the little fitrce c^ 
Punch and Judy, He observes, '* I find it 
tt under some modifications acted, not only 
Ml our streets, but in those of nearly all £u- 
fofte, I am told it is exeeedbgly. ancient, 
sad if to ^ found io India; at all events, 



it is common in Italy, France, England, 
Ckrmany, and the northern states of Eu- 
rope. I remember well it used to be the 
common subject of the rareo shows that 
were exhibited in Moorfields before the al- 
terations there, as early as the year 1795 j 
and these exhibitions are still carried about 
tlie country in cases, and shown at the doors 
of houses in Essex and other counties." 

J. F. in an account of Lord Temple's 
ftunily, finds mentioned the name of a Mr. 
Dayrell as being « the Counsel at Stowe," 
and requests information as to the &milj 
and connections of that gentleman. 

An Old Sobscribir says, *< In book 7th 
of Pollok's Course of Time, the following 
line occurs : — ' From those who drank of 
Tenglio's stream.' Where is this stream ?" 

Any informstion respecting the Rer. Wil- 
liam Howell, who in 1760 was appointed 
Chaplain to his Majesty's ship Dragcm of 74 
guns ; and who resigned a living iu North- 
amptonshire, or one of the neighbouring 
counties, when so appointed, will oblige a 
Constant Reader. 

Mr. J. F. Russell is referred to our irol. 
xciv. ii. 618, 602, for memoirs of Sir' Phi- 
lip Meadows, K. B. and his fiunily. 

The letter of R. S. Y. in our next ; also 
Matheteb, but not his severe remarks on 
a receiit edition of Aristophanes, if uuao- 
compauied by pnx^s. 

Vol. C. psrt i. p. 634, for Lambert read 
Lsmbnrt. — P. 649, Lady Kilwsrden's name 
was Ruxtoo, not Buxton. 

Part ii. p. 99, for Firkins read Filkins ; 
for Caulfield read Caulfeild. 

P. 1 59. The total produce of Mr. Hlggs's 
books was 1,838Z. 1^. 6d, ; and of his coins, 
1,1667.4^. 6d, 

P. 1 76,yor Lord J. O'Brien read O'Biyen ; 
the y is peculiar to the lachiquin branch of 
the family (now Marqui«es of Tbomond). 
The extinct Earls of Thumond were 
O'Briens ; as is also Sir Edward O'Briea 
of Dromoland, the heir to the Barony (but 
not Earldom) of Inchiqain, after the pre- 
sent Marqub and his brother Lord James 
OBryen. 

P. 179, read Sir James Stratford Tynlef 
Bart, (not Tuite) ; the Baronetcy of Tynte 
created in 1778 is extinct. The fenjW was 
founded in Ireland by Sir Robert Tynte, 
Knt. fifth son of Edmund Tynte, esq. of 
Wrexhall in Somersetshire. He died in 
I66S, and was buried at Kilcredan Church, 
CO. Cork, where there is a monument erect- 
ed to his memory. Ballycrenane Castle, in 
the neighbourhood of Kilcredan, was the 
•eatoftheTyntes. 

P. 188. Lady Gray Egertoo was daughter 
of Jorias Dopri, esq. 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 



ORIGINAI. COMMITNICATIONS. 




E. ] 

m 



Ktlj of a vrry exlraotdinary nature, 

. calcik'jled 111 excLle nmch bI- 

VUDlioD. But 1 am not aware itiai ihe 

public hive yet been led in apprcciale 

ihit ditcorerrio lit Inie ligtii, or lo Itie 

full exlent of ila imporlance. I ihliik 



hope m»j be accepiable 
In order ihal ihe cjrci 
be disiineily nndirstooJ, 1 will fini 
itanicribe a ilalemcni which lias tniely 
appeared ili ihe public printi,and llieu 
piocred wiih mj teniaiks. 



r> bod; w 



.^logi,, 



foui 






rtEveo f«Ft dMp, in id ciUM id Inlwid, bf- 
l-ORinn to Ihs Earl. The liod^ irai coio- 
plctaljr clothed ia ^rminti matte of hair, 
vUich weie quite fnih, tad not at dJ de- 
cayed i and though hairy Teiimtata eiidently 
point to a pfriod eitiemely leinoie, brfore 
the intiodueliDD of thtfp and the me of 
■ool, yet the tiodj and cbcUei were in no 
<ny imjiajnd." 

I ret-anl ihii discovery as one of 
nisnircsl importance, because it lenda, 
and in a most remarkable degree, lo 
eaiablish the veracity of ihow moulder- 
ing lemnantB a( the recnrda of llle an- 
cient inb.ibitanti of Brilalo, that are 
now lanidly bailenilig lo decay. I 
mean ttie tcaliered reninanli of the 
Scylhio-^MlJcinsnuicrifXio/'Jb'iii (Ire- 



land), and the Celtic of ihe Ctmht 

(Welsh). Nor thnll 1 despair of ad- 

cotdi of classic hijiory, in support of 
Uioie truth] which our naiive hisioriea 
nSaitl us, so far as ihc limits of my 
cursory paper will allow. 

One of Ihe first circum stance! thit 
occurs lo my mind, in perusing the 
parliculars of ibis communicaiion, is 
the assumed idea ibat ihc vesimenl* 
tiling compared of hair insleadofwool, 
must poiiii 10 a period long anitrior lo 
the use of wool, ond conie(|uenily to 
Ihc iniroduclion of sheen inio Ifcland. 
In my work on Bdiith Quadrupeds, 
published a few years ago, I have en- 
tered Ibio ihe history of that useful 
animal the sheep; md had ihe intend- 
ed Supplemenlilo ihose works appear- 
ed, the world, f conceire, would not 
have now Temaiiicd in doubt as lo Ihe 
sheen being an aboriginal or indigenous 
quadruped □ftheBnii^h isles, and con* 
fcqueuily thai it did not owe lis eii> 
isieuce in Ireland, or in Britain, lo 
any forego iniroduclion. Among ihe 
Isles of Briiain, I comprehend ihe land 
of Ireland on Ihe west, and Great Bri- 
lain eastward, wiih many other lauds 
once connected wiih them, thai exiil 
no longer, the remembrance of which 
is preacrred, however, in ihe historical 
memorials of the ancient Btitoni, and 
the Irish as well as Saiiont. 

li it noi likely ihal tliose rescarchM 
which 1 have now in nianusciipi, will 
Le ever published i and if ihctetore the 
fallowing obiervaliuns, selected ihere- 
fiom, should be the means nrdiuiiialins 
errors, ot misconceptions, yourself anU 
the public are perfeclly welcome lo 
iheni, and the object of my writing 
will be fully answered. 

1 should imagine ii could lie no 
mailer of difEculiy lo define the animal 
of whose fut thtie -teiVWitW* lA W\\ 
is compQKd i kii4 i.\i,\» Vtsn-sfti '«ot>'\'^ 



aoo 



Of %U VoliiV^ md GoUkm Book of Genoa. 



[Oet. 



as the extinction of Patrician families 
iu all countries seems much more npid 
than that of Plebeian houses; and in 
Genoa, no less than S56 noble families 
had become extinct between the years 
1528 and l634 ; nor has the rarage of 
time been discontinued since thai pe- 
riod. The D'Oria name is now re- 
doced to few persons, and thoie not in 
Genoa ; and the Grimaldi name waits 
only for the decease of the present 
Marquess Luigi Grimaldi, to become 
extinct in Genoa, Indeed the rapid 
extinction of our own noble families 
in England (the number having been 
above 100 in the rt\ffn of George III.)t 
shows thst the majority of them are 
not destined to have a descent, either 
numerous or of long duration. 

These remarks must not be construed 
to extend to that feudal nobility who 
derive titles from possession of land ; 
since it is evident there can be no ex- 
tinction of such dignities, and for want 
of proper officers to investigate and re- 
cord such titles, it often happens that 
families continue the use of them after 
they have sold the fief conferring the 
title, and aAer it has been assumed by 
the new purchaser ;* and the purchase 
of a fief, even with the clause of re- 
demption, confers the title appendant 
to such fief. But the old noble fa- 
milies of France, Italy, and Germany, 
do not consider the owners of titles de- 
rived from feuds or land fiefs, or even 
new creations of personal nobility, as 
entitled (generally speaking) to a rank 
or consideration \n any degree similar 
to what is claimed by the old nobility ; 
and the public opinion coincides tn 
this estimate, by treating the one with 
deference, and the other with indif- 
ference. At Vienna, Rome, and Turin 
(the seats of the Courts), the old Nobi- 
lity hold little (if any) intercourse with 
the new Nobles. 

It has been already remarked that 
the four great families of Genoa are 
the D'Orias, the Griroaldis, the Spi« 
nolas, and the Fieschi. It is remark- 
able that the last of these families 
should have sought refuge long since 
in France, and that branches of the 

* Shice writ'iog tbis lentence, the news- 
papcrt have mentioned that the Roman no- 
bility, after the fiill of Prince Polienac, de- 
tired the Book of Fiefs of the Church of 
Rooie to be tearched, to see by what riglit 
hs vsed the title of Prince, though his right 
mu atver questioDed during his prosperity. 



first three should have sought an asyhim 
ill England. Of the D'Orias,— D^Oria: 
Marquess of Spineto has for some years 
resided at Cambridge, and has two 
sons at that University ; Andrew Adair 
D'Oria, of Trinity Hall, and Sannel 
D'Oria, of St. John's College. 

As to the Grimaldis— on the death 
•f the present Marqnesa Loigi Gri- 
maldi of Genoa, the only members of 
that femily wil) be the descendants of 
Alexander Grimaldi, who waa bap- 
tiied at St. Luke*s, Genra, Jane idsg^ 
son of Joseph, inscribed in the Golden 
Book in 1669^ and who settled in Lon- 
don, soon after the destruction of his 
native city by Lonis XiV. in l685. 
He was buried at St. Pfeincras, Middle- 
sex, June 2, 1792', and left two sons 
and two daughters, from the eldest of 
which sons, Alexander, bom in Eng- 
land (London?), Nov. 2, 1714, and 
married at the Fleet, March 12, 1745-6, 
to Miss Mary Barton, there are de- 
scendants, of whom a short account ap- 
peared in this Magazine for June 1830. 

And lastly, as to the Spinolas: — 
Paul Baptist Spinola, haying been 
created Knight of the Garter (see Gent. 
Mas. for April 182g), settled in Eng- 
land, leaving among his heirs Ediiiond, 
Dean of Winton, who suffered death 
for his religion under Queen Eliza- 
beth ;t and Emanuel Spinola, son of 
Nicholas, who became so celebrated a 
Canon of the Church of Chichester, 
that Benedict XH. created him Arch- 
bishop of Monreale in Sicily, at the 
age of 28 yean. It may be added, 
that the Pailavicrni, another of the 
twenty-eight Alberghi, also settled in 
Ensland, and intermarried frequently 
with the Protector Cromweirs ramily. 
Sir Horatio Pallavicini was knighted 
by Queen Elizabeth in 1587. Sir 
Henry his son married Jane Cromwell, 
and died in l6l5 ; another son married 
Catherine Cromwell. Sir Horatio's 
daughter was married to Henry Crom- 
well, Esq. son of Sir Oliver; and Sir 
Peter Pallavicini was knighted by 
James II. at Windsor, in 1687* 

The antiguity of the existing Nobi- 
lity of the Genoese has no parallel in 
this country. In the earliest of the 
public records of the Republic, and 
which commence about the year 1100 
(a few years after our matchless record 

f Istoris Spinola, liK viii. p. 274, PIs- 
ceaza, 1694 ; but no such Dean appears ia 
the English lisU. 



uwa 



BoJtf elethed i 



CftoMttrdt ihc ermine could be worn 
(uiiy by ihe higher cLssci ; thai of ihe 
wild «at (littijiguiihcd ihoM ofo lower 
grade in tociriy. By the code or laivi 
cauM<*hcd by Huwcl OoU about ilie 
^r QdQ, but wliich were in teuliiy 



Hair found in Ireland. 



leitimoiiy of b 



QaciQcmriiliQn and revjial of Liw* far 
niOK "ocicnl, ihe Clergy were pet- 
nUied 10 wear catikin a* a kind of 
furor Irimming, but noibingofgieaier 
owu I could (dvince aiacYi mote 
niMMi (bit lubject, but enough I hope 
ba* been uid lo show iliat whciher 
itw reilinenU in which ihii body was 
biMd envelDpcd, were or wool Di hair, 
wimI<I nal In any iniinnrr identify ihe 
period of ihe dcpoaiiioii of ihe» mor- 
tal rem^int. Tl>e »ub»quenl obattva- 
tiocii may. however, jifrhaiii niiist lo 
_ cxpltiii ihe mystery in a manner tiill 
llPte iBiiifactory ihsn ihc foregoing. 
, ThoM who have been at the iroiibli 
if JDsetligaiinK ihc ancient 
' t land, whicli ha»e surviTta lo oi 
IJBle, will be swnre that ibe goveit 
ing princes of Iieland were alwa 
chOKn by ihe voice of the peopli 
■nd ihat the only rctiriclior 
ibe; (uutt be elccied from 



tcKoient by ihe Erimoua nr 
n by him a. « 

oppreaior*. Way we not then in thU 
ancient euMoiii iiknlify the myilrry oif 
ibii circumvinnce which ha* cNCitcd 
10 much curious ipeculalioni 

Jn taking ihii view of ibe subject, 
it may be preunied ihat 1 atn coQai- 
deting ihcfc remains of monalily lo 
be ihoie of a man. But ir I iboold 
add ihat if ii were olherwlie, it would 
be no abiolute proof againu the pro- 
babilily of ihese conjeciurci. A body 
so intesicd in garment! compmed of 
hair niiglit be ihatofa sortreign prin- 
ces], who in like manner hid triumph- 
ed over her roemies, and wore auch 
rol>e a* a trali.nony of her vicloties- It 
Is true that the male line of ihe Koyal 
llibci in Ireland were uiuiilly chosen 
to rule, yet at the lame lime there 
'd( of were exceptions. And did the liraili 
of ihii in(|uiry permit, I could point 
out a family of the ancient dynasty of 
Irish pri^ices, in which the line oT 
luccesiicu had been in the female 
that brancli, and whose lirname to thii 
day demonsirDiei the fact. And i 



lominaled the Koyal tribes may be added, that it was by the lir- 
or aeplt- 'And that among ihe num- name only thai tUoae tribes were re- 
bel of those princes, one was chosen cognized or indicsted, not did the it 



by oil the Wiei under the title of Eri- 
moan, or supreme chief ruler i and it 
waa the duty of this chief ruler to hear 
all complainli of the people Bgainsl 
their respeciite princes, and if the al- 
leged cotDplainu were well founded, 
he was empowered to demand a force 
(ttjoi each of llii: other princes collec- 
tively aaflicieni to subdue the tyrant, 
«r to reduce him to a juit obsc^rvanco 
oF the laws established by the iiiaies. 
Uia litis, except under peculiBrciTcum- 
Mnen of treason again&t these Sialet, 
, WM safe I but if his oppressions over 
, that pofiion of the people whom he 
I had been chosen to govern, demanded 
t CKcmplary puniibiuent, the Erimaun 

or Kiptrme chief hid the aulhoiiiy of ihe ihi 
thOMmmbined Stales to draradc him 
fiooi itie rank of princes. He was no 
IcHij^et allowed lo wear the mantle or 
|(>b« of seven colour* by which the 
(•mllie* of the Koyal tiibeswcre di»- 
liftguished, and his heard was shaven 
off; atid by this mark of degiadatiun 
ba waa reduced from the tank of 
(itincei lo the condition of b slave. It 
*ill pfesenlly appear ihui th- hair thi 



I of Christianity in lubie- 

Jjcnt ages occasion any alteration of 
le ancient custom ; the reigning mo- 
narchs of Ireland were dibtinguiihed 
only by their sirname lo ihc latest 



It was from ibeie ancient laws of 
Iteluud, with legatd lo female succci- 
sion, that the hws of Scniland ema- 
nated, and even those of Britain look 
iheir origin. The renowned Boadicea, 
who sn gallantly, though so unsuccess- 
fidly, resisted the Roman invsden of 

dence of the right of fern 
sinn among the ancient B 
was the right of female to 

if Scotland, according lo 
lis aricieni lawt, more disputable than 
that of English princesses who hate 
subsequently sat on the throne of Bri- 
tain in conformity with the laws of 
Eoaland. Were I at liberty to pro- 
ceed further, I could adduce suOicient 
iioof of this right of successioo in the 
ale line deriving ils origin in the 
I instance from ibe parental care of 
Irish chieftain foi tutonVf ^ivi^t- 
•hav«n w cut off fiora iuch degraded ter, in coii\tadav\ncl!t«n W> ii*t\»tiv <A 
niltn, hw liten nianulaciured imo d iheaei^bouito^(jauVubvAV£«,'<H^i*^ 






M4 



Oil md^Ht SepuUure in Ireland. 



[Oct; 



recognized only the male line, and of 
which we hare an eridence in the 
kwi of France to this day.^ Those 
conTersant with the ancient history of 
that country need not be informed 
that the territories of modern France 
combine a number of the Gaulish 
states with the Celtic of Armorica, or 
Lower Brittany. This digression may 
be requisite, to show that whether 
these remains, or any others that may 
be discovered hereafter so invested in 
garments of hair, should prove to be 
those of male or female, will in no 
manner discountenance my first ap- 
proximation. 

Perhaps in venturing so far into the 
retrospect of the ancient history of the 
laud of Britain, my remarks may have 
awakened some attention. I hope they 
have ; and that it will hence become 
obvious that there are other historians 
of this country that deserve considera* 
tion, as well as those whose names 
are more familiar, and that the testi- 
mony of those least known may best 
assist us in the research to which our 
attention is now directed. My atten- 
tion so far has been confined chiefly to 
the customs of ancient Ireland, and I 
wish now to add that the testimony of 
the ancient historic evidences of the 
Cambro* Britons, prove that the cus- 
toms and laws of these people bore a 
striking analogy with those of ancient 
Ireland. Nor will this similitude ap- 
pear remarkable, when it is remem- 
oered that the dynasty of Irish princes 
had at an early period filled the throne 
of sovereignty among the states of Bri- 
tain. It was this line of princes that 
Save the Britons their immorial Cara- 
oc, better known as the Caractacus 
of Livy; and the Gael-na-Gael of 
Albanac, or ancient Scotland, which 
the Romans have so adroitly neutra- 
lized from the Gaelic language into 
Galgalus. 

We now approach a point which I 
conceive may lend in a great measure, 
if not entirely, to elucidate the mystery 
under contemplation. We read in 
those remains of ancient British his- 
tory, the Triads, of a powerful prince of 
the Britons named Rhita-Gawr, who 
is ranked as one of the three opposers 
of tyranny, that is, of the wrong do- 
ings of petty tyrants, over whom, as 
supreme chief, he held the balance of 
power in Britain, like the Erimoun of 
Ireland : nor does it appear to be alto- 
geiber improbable that he might be 



himself of the race of Ireland, whom' 
the Britons had chosen for the pur-* 
pose of subduing rebellion among the 
native princes. Of Rhita-Gawr it it 
recorded that he had reduced a num- 
ber of these princes to the rank of 
slavery, and having cut off their beards 
as a mark of degradation, ordered a 
vestment to be made of the hair, and 
which robe he wore as a trophy of his 
victories over them during life, and 
might possibly have been buried 
therein. 

I f these remarks should tend to ex- 

Clain the mystery of the discovery of a 
ody so enveloped in vestments com- 
posed of hair, I would further add, 
that the mode of sepulture among the 
I rish, as with the Britons, varied accord- 
ing to the circumstances of their death. 
The warrior who fell in battle, if his 
party remained masters of the field, 
was most commonly interred npon the 
spot, and " the stone raised over him,'* 
i. e. the cromlech ; or if the warrior 
fell in an un propitious contest with 
unsullied honour, his body was gene- 
rally ransomed from the victors, and 
deposited by his friends in some other 
place. There are instances on record 
of the body of a favourite chr^f or war- 
rior having been ransomed for its 
weight in gold, and thus acouirinf the 
epithet of a "golden corpse. This re- 
lates, 80 far as our information goes, 
to the Cambro- Britons, but it was 
probably the same with the Irish; 
Among the monarchs of Ireland, we 
have an instance of one at an early 
period, who had died upon his bed 
covered with an outstretched skin of a 
marine animal that had been caught 
in the contiguous sea, and which I 
conceive to be a kind of seal. He 
died from the ill effects of the damp 
of the skin, and being sewn up in the 
skin, was interred therein. This in- 
terment of the body in the hairy skin 
of an animal of the seal tribe, would 
not be very different from that in vest- 
ments of hair. The whole collectively 
considered, seems to lead to a conclu- 
sion that these mortal remains which 
we have been considering, are those 
of a human being who had either 
fallen accidentally into the moss, or 
who had far more probably been in- 
terred therein; if the moss were not 
of more recent formation, and which 
to me appears to be the most plausible 
conjecture of either. The vestments 
composed of hair may further lead to 



'eulalion of Ir'uh Halfpence.— TtueiiaUd Pavementi. 



nclug 



: Tor if ii 
luld i 



ofhu- 



lion of ihe hjah rank of the indivi- 
dual, and afiuriTaii evidence or an early 
agCi though noE of one lo very rcntole 
ai hag Wn generally believcit, nor fur 
the umc rcaixn. 

I ihoulil hare eipecled that lomc 
uinkru or regal indication of gold 

>uld have been found 






nof 
lys wiih which we 
ifely idenlify ihow 
iiy, ihat |)rcciaus 
meul was abundanL in Ireland; and 
the diicoveiy of sucli regal ornamenls 
in IreUud do hajipeii occasional ly eien 



Your 



H. DOSOVAN. 



Mr If.-... upper Southernhay, 

Wr. UKBAN, Kzeler. Oct. Q. 

IT ii lalhcr lurpriiing ihal the Le- 
Kiiiature hai » long lufTered Lhe 
IriiF copper Coin* lo be diiicminatcd 
in such ptofosion in Bngland; and from 
the cilculationa I have made, lhe gain 
to inch tvtio are concerned in inuing 
ihrm inusl have bcEn lery exorhlianl. 
On ibis (ubject 1 beg tbe indulgence 
of a feiv obiervationi in your inlelli- 
genl puhlicalion. I do not lecollecl 
any period when ibe copper currency 
wai (O vtry abundant in the west of 
England mat present ; a part of which 
ii called Iriib, and are dislingulsbed 
by a harp on lhe tetene [ iliesc arc 
cuniideted by the public at imporled 
from Ireland, and past current with- 
out impediment or hesiiatiuiit on ihc 
obvene (11105) the poilrail of George 
III. ii not in prominent as the Eng- 
lish coin, the forehead clumsily exe- 
cuted, the eyebruv^r unnatural, the 



', the n 



Dulh SI 



of luch ponderous cash, especially the 
aged, decrepit, and infirm, who have 
lome distancB to creep with the 
iveighlymewlto iheir humble nboJes; 
but ihey dnre not complain! Thii 
mode ol payment does not arise from 
any deficiency in silver, for the Cor- 
poration of tlie Pdor may always bo 
amply supplied with it nt the banks; 
ibe cause is, that lhe conductors of the 
buiiiies) are couitanlly disposed to ae- 
cunimodaiea few publicans and trades- 
men who are overladen with coppen. 
On tny examining tbe coppers design- 
ed for the poor, it appeared thai the 
harp coinage was on an averaee about 
one-fifih ; Ihongh on my visit lately lo 
London, 1 ruuiid the portion of harpi 
much greater than in the country, sel- 
dom less than a fourth part and some- 

The number of Irish halfpence that 
make one sovereign ate 480, which 
number of lhe Irish cnrrency reqoirea 
Bilbs. of copper, which would cost 
about 71. gd.* i so thai the public hal 
only 7j. gd. in the pound, whilst Ihe 
manufaclurer has for proRli and work- 
ing IZj. 3d. for every twenty sbillingt 
be circulates; but this is not all, for, 
in case the Hibernian copper money 
should ever be prohibited here, the 
posseuois must consequently dispote 
of it for old metal at a loss of 75 per 
cent-; as by weight SO shillings of 
such suppressed copper would tcatcelv 
obtain five shillings. ' 






l«T, the legend abridged, and the 
per leu pure. The dales are cl 
180A, 1893, and 1833 ; but the 1805 ii 
cxiremeiy predominant. Those wilh 
the heatl of George the Third look 
towards the lefi, and those struck fur 
George the Fourth lo the riKbt. The 
weight is Henerully one ihird less than 
the English. 

In ihis city the payeti of the poor 
pay on an average about llitil. per 
week to paupers; fifty pounds in sil- 
ver, and one hundred pounds in cop- 
per; this kindcf diilribuiiun has coii- 
linucd uninterrupted a long time ; hut 
the poor aouli whs receive ii, would 
tnuch prefer silver to the incuaibranee 



Siiin 



Y Wo 



Mr Ubi 



AldboTougk, Oct. 3. 
ikinguparecenlnumberofihe 
Colchester Gazette," I observed 
in account there of the proceedings of 
a late meeting of the Literary and Phi- 
losophical Soriely at that place, in 
which the lecturer, Mr. T. Grimes, 
delivered an Essay on Ihe "TeuelUied 
Pavement." The subject was treated 
in a manner somewhat novel and in- 
low far the hypothesis of 
I is founded on tiulh, I 
It leave to the mote recondite in- 
lies of your antiquarian leaders. 
The Dombci of the amtt spliadid Ro- 



O^^ 



gen ions. 
Mr. Gfirr 



.sionJIy o 



■r-rmud Ou.iii\i>^i-n 



ibe conduct of tire aothorititf of chat 
parithy who have told her ioii^ bf 
auction with the ttonct and rubbfth of 



' wnf iIm MeooDt abore 
BMilionedy " that haf« been diacovtrad ui 
Italy* Eogland, and various parts of tha 
Gmtincnt, were then dMcribed by tha lec- 
tar«r $ and tha fiiet of thair being frequenllj 
found in our Abbey and Cathedrml Churcliet 
wia addoced, at a proof among other eri- 
danoa of Cbelr being thus conamonly used in 
this ommtnr ap to the Uth century. From 
thb Mr. O. took oceaaioo to rappoaa that 
H waa not improbable, during the cuttom of 
flooring pofaiie edifioet and saered templei 
with the teweUatad pavement, b might have 
buome the pmctioe aUo of adoninflf^ in tha 
aama manner,- the dwellings of partieular of 
diatingubhad individuals ; which hypothesis 
would account m a setisfactory way for the 
number of the remeins of these pevementf 
continually being discovered in so many and 
each widely different parts of this country. 
Thoagh toe Romans undoubtedly intrb- 
dticcd the arc Into England, yet it is noi 
certain that they took it away with them, — 
that tha Briinh and Saxons diid not perpe- 
foata it here, or at least keep up the use of 
those pavements already oflnstrueted, as 
wall aa in succeeding times, derive the euf- 
torn afresh, though in a limited degree, 
from its introduetion into churches, &c. If 
so, the numerous floors of Mosaic work 
almoei daily discovered, have not been so 
lomr in disuse as is generally imagined." 

So far as I recollect, the accounts 
we have of the variety and number of 
these pavements found in England, 
almost universally refer the latest use 
made of them to the period during 
vrhich the Romans occupied Britain, 
or at most but for a short time after- 
wards. If I am not mistaken, most of 
the descriptions of them inserted in the 
Archseologia, and furnished of course 
bv members of the Antiquarian So- 
ciety, entirely pass over the inquiry as 
to when these pavements were last in 
usage in this country or on the Conti- 
nent, or that they were so at all sub* 
sequcntJy to the time above speeified, 
beyond the common notion of their 
being laid or used in public and sacred 
edifices. F.A.S. 

Mr. Urban, OcL g. 

AS I have not observed that any 
other more powerful advocate hat 
uken up the suojeot, let me beg. the 
insertion of a few lines, lest it should 
beaaki, when all the world is ehangfbg, 
tbftt even the '* M ftmtliar face** of 

gueen Elizabeth on St. Ditnstan'i 
bifTcb, in Fleet-street, went down for 
ever into oblivion, withont one parting 
regret from S^Ivanus Urban ; or even a 
word said by him in deprecation of 



their devoted Church.* (Sec p. 363.) 

I need scarcely remnMl any of yont 
rcadera of the history of this statue^ 
which was placed in its present sita»» 
tion upon the demolition of Lud Gate, 
which it once adorned ; and surely it 
reflecta no credit upon the partahioncn^ 
or the inhabitanu of the Ward, thsd 
they shoifid allow this valuable relic to 
be lost for ever to the metropolis, 
which, perhaps, for its size and cele-< 
brity,- posaessea fewer objects of antiw 
quariao interest than any city in En-* 
rope. V I ATOM. 

Mr. Urban, Ashbourne.^DerhjfMre, 

FEELING confident that every 
thing connected with Uaak VTaU 
ton must be interesting, I have taken 
the liberty of sending yon for insertion 
the eopyof an Inscription from a tomb* 
stone erected to the memory of an old 
and faitlifol aervant of that celebrated 
angler. The memory of David Hook- 
ham has been handed down among^ 
the villagers in the neighbourhood of 
Cotton Hall, and many marvellooa 
tales aro related of him with the usual 
embeUishments. David died befort 
his master, and the following n his 
Epitaph, with the initials I. Vv. at tha 
bottom ; it is presumed therefore to be 
the produdton of the ancient Angler. 
Yours, &c. Spbctator. 

<* Saered to the memory of David Hook- 
ham, who died A.D. 1^7, aged 6S years; 

Within this turfe, on which in life he trod. 
Rests David Hookhara, waiting ibr his God* 
A peaceful, honest, faithful lira he led; 
And blessed as be break bis dftily bread. 
Simple hb manners, candid wns bis look. 
His mirrour was the bright aad pnrliag 

brook; 
And life's clear waters as they passed on. 
Reminded bim how soon he should be gone* 
At last his rod and angle he laid bv, 
And bumblv dyed. May all like David dye. 
And serve t'Keir Lord and Master faithfully. 
As David Hookham in this world served roe. 
«« I.W." 

* Her Hitfhness's effigy, which *< the 
likeness of a kingly crown has on," bearing 
tha soeptre in her right hand, aad the oib 
cm her left palm, wms kaocked down for shi- 
taea pounds, tea sliillings, and no peace. 
Where were tha preaa chevaliers of out 
dnys ? Is thefe then no man in England to 
whom the raaotle of 8b Walter Raleigh hu 
descaAded? 



• • 



:•:. 



•• •• 

••••• 
• • • 



• • 



• •*• 

•••• 

• * • k • 



• • 



I. t. • t. « 



». • 



LitaKOiKor wtLLiAu BULMBii, Bag. 
mtk a Pcrtrait. 

THE namcorBtiLMEa is assocUieU 
with all ihai i] correct and beau- 
tiful in Typographv. By him llie 
WIS matured, and broiigf 



pre- 



last nuotber ic wai our painful duly lo 
RCOid the death of this worthy indivi- 
dual : we must now be allowed lo di- 
late on hii mcril* a» a printer some- 
what at large. 

This cetebraled typographer was a 
tiBiiTc of Newcaslk on Tyne, where 
he was apptenliced lo Mr. Tliompson, 
in the Btitnt House Entry, St. Nicho- 
l*>' Church-yard, froin whom he re- 
ceived the dtsl rudimeoit of \iU art. 
During hii appreniicejhrp he form- 
ed a friendihip vTJlh Thomas Bewick, 
the celebrated engraver on wood, which 
lasted wilh great cordinlity throughout 
life. It wa* iheif praclice whilst youihi 
10 Tiiit together ctery morning a fatm- 
liouteal Elslvick, a small village about 
(wo oiilcs ffom Newcastle, and in- 
dulge in Goody Coxen's hot rye-cake 
and btitlcr-milk, who used to prejiate 
these dainiid Tor such of the New- 
castle youLb* who were inclined lo en- 
joy an eailv moiaing walk before the 
tiusiness orihe day commeuced. 

During the period of the joint ap- 
prenticestiips of these yoong aspirants 
for fame, Bulroer inirariably toot 
off the Ertt impmsions of Bewick's 
tlockt,Bthi5 master's priniing-cffice at 
Newcastle, where Bulmer printed the 
engraving of the Himtsman and Old 
Hound, which obtained for Bewick 
ihe premium from the Society of Arts 
In London. Mr. Bulmer afterwards 
■uggnted to his friend Bewick an im- 
protenenl, of which he availed him- 
(elf, of towering the surface* of the 
blocks where the distance or lighter 
parts of ibe engraving were to be 
shown to perfection. 

When Mr. Bulmer first came lo 
LondoD, his senicea were engaged by 
Mr. John Bell, who was then pub- 
lishing his beautiful minialuie editions 
vfttw Poets, Shakspeare, &c. About 
1787, an aecideniol circumstance in- 
iroduced Mr. Bulmer to ihe late Geo. 
NIcol, ewj. bookseller to King George 
ill. who was then considering the 
best method of carrying into effect the 
projected oiignificent national edition 
of Shakspeare, which he had suggested 

GtKT. Mto. Octotrr, IBSn. 



T Bulmer, £19. 

to Messrs. Boydell, ornatnenled with 
designs by the hnl ariisis of this coun- 
try. Mr. Nicol had previously en- 
ga^ the skilful talenla of Mr. Win, 
Mariio, of Birmingham, in cutting sets 
of lypes, after approved models, in imi- 
tation of the sliatp and fine letter used 
by the French and Italian printers; 
which Mr. Nicol for a length of lime 
caused to be carried on in his owo 

Premises were then engaged in 

Clcvelnnd-row, St. James's, and ihe 
"Shakspeire Press'' was eslab!i:hed 
under the firm of '• W. Bulmer and 
Co." This establishment soon evinced 
how judicious a choice Mr. Nicol had 
made in Mr.Bulmer to raise the repu- 
taiiop of his favourite project. 

"This magnificeni edition (says 
Dr. Dibdin), which Is worthy of the 
unrivalled compoiitinns of our great 
Dramatic Bard, will remain as long 
as those compoiitions shall be admired, 
en honourable testimony of the taste 
and skill of ihe individuals wbo plan- 
ned and conducted it to its completion. 
Tlie text was revised by G. Steeveus 
and Isaac Iteed. Mr. Bulmer possess- 
ed the proof sheets of the whole work, 
on which are many curious remarks by 
Stecvcns, not always of the most cour- 
teous description i also some original 
ionnels, a scene for a burlesque tra- 
gedy, some graphic sketdies, Sec." 

•'The establishment of the Shak- 
speare Pren (continues Dr. Uibdin), 
was unqueationably an honour both to 
the founders in particular, and to the 
public at large. Our greatest poet, our 
gicatesl Daioter, and two of our most 
respectable publishers and piiutert, 
were all embarked in one common 
cause ; were generally and jointly aaial- 
gamaled, as it were, in one common 
white-hot crucible; from which issued 
so pure and brilliant a Raine or fusion, 
that it gladdened all eyes and hearts, 
and ibrew a new and revivifying lustre 
on the threefold arts ofoainting, en- 
graving, and printing. The nation ap- 
peared 10 be not less struck than asto- 
nished ; and our venerable Monarch 
George the Third, felt anxious not only 
to give such a magniiicent establish- 
ment every degree of royal support, 
but, infected with the matrix and 
puncheon mania, he had even con- 
templated the crealion of a royal print- 
ing oiBce within the wall* or bis own 
palace !" 



Metnoir of W. BulmeVf Eiq» 



S06 

One of his Majfity'i principal hopes 
and wishes was, for his own coaniry 
to rival the celebrity of Parma in the 
productions of Boduni ; and Dr. Dib- 
ain pleasantly alludes to what he calls 
the Bodoni Hum, — of "his Majesty 
being completely and joyfully taken in, 
by bestowing upon the efforts of Mr. 
Bulmer*8 press, that eulogy which he 
had supposed was due exclusively to 
Bodoni^." 

The first number of the Shakspeare 
appeared in January 179 1 > ^^^ ^^ ^^^^ 
established Mr. Bulmer's fame as the 
first practical printer of the day. 

Dr. Dibdin has ^iren (Bibliogra- 
phical Decameron, ii. 384 — 395,) a 
corious and copious list of the " Books 
printed at the Shakspeare Press," with 
judicious remarks, to which we must 
refer our readers ; contenting ourselves 
with noticing some of the articles, 
chiefly those not printed for general 
sale. 

1. Auli Penii Placet Satyr a, with 
Brewster's translation, 179O, 4io. This 
we believe to be the first publication 
of Mr. Bulmer*s press. It never was 
published. 

2. The Shakspeare, 9 vols, folio, 
1791 — 1S05, before noticed. 

3. Contemplatio PhUosophica, a post- 
humous work of the late Brook Tay- 
lor, with his Life, by his relative the 
late Sir W. Young, Bart. 1793, 8vo, 
privately printed. 

4. Ciaudiani Opera, 1793—6. small 
8vo, never published. One copy on 

VELLUM. 

6. Next to the Shakspeare, perhaps 
the Edition of The Poetical fVorkt of 
John Milton, in 3 vols, folio, 1793 — 
1797, is the finest production of Mr. 
Bnlmer*s press. Dr. Dibdin seems to 
prefer this work even to the Shak- 
speare itself. 

d. In 1795 Mr. Buhner printed a 
beautiful edition in 4to. of the " Poems 
of Goldsmith and Parncll,*' one copy 
on WHITE SATIN, and three on vel- 
lum. The volume is dedicated to the 
Founders of the Shakspeare Printing- 
Office, Messrs. BoydeUs and Nicol. 
•'The present volume," says Mr. Bul- 
mcr, in his Advertisement, " in addi- 
tion to the Shakspeare, the Milton, 
and many other valuable works of 
elegance, which have alreadv been 

Sivcn to the world, through the me- 
ium of the Shakspeare Press, are [is] 
jMiriicubily meant to combine the va- 



[Oct. 



rious beauties of Printing, Tyfb- 
FouNDiNo, Engraving, and Paper- 
making ; as well with a view to ascer- 
tain ihe near approach to perfection 
which ihdse arts have attained in this 
country, as to invite a fiiir competition 
with the best Typographical produc- 
tions of other nations. How far the 
different artists, who have contributed 
their exertions to this great object, 
have succeeded in the attempt, the 
public will now be fully able to judge. 
Much pains have been bestowed on 
the present publication, to render it a 
complete Specimen of the Arts of 
Type and Block-printing. 

•• The whole of the Types with 
which this work has been printed, are 
executed by Mr. William Martin, in 
the house of my friend Mr. George 
Nicol, whose unceasing endeavours to 
improve the Art of Printing, and iu 
relative branches, are too well known 
to require any thins to be said on the 
present occasion ; he has particularly 
patronized Mr. Martin, a very inge- 
nious young Artist, who has resided 
with him seven years, and who is at 
this time forming a Foundery, by which 
he will shortly be enabled to offer to 
the world a Specimen of Types, that 
will in a very eminent degree unite 
utility, elegance, and beautv.* 

** The ornaments are all engraved 
on blocks of wood, by two of my 
earliest acouaintances, Messrs. Be- 
wickSft of Newcastle-upon-Tvne and 
London, after designs from the most 
interesting passages of the Poems they 
embellish. They have been executed 
with great care, and I may venture to 
say, without being supposed to be in- 
fluenced by ancient friendship, that 
they form the most extraordinary effort 
of the art of engraving upon wood, 
that ever was produced in any age, or 

* William Martin was brother of Robert 
Martin, the apprentice of Baskerville. He 
afterwards let up a foundry in Duke-street, 
St. James's. His Roman and Italic tjnes 
were decided imitations of Baskenrille't ; but 
his Greeks and Orientals formed the most 
valuable part of his collection. His foundry 
in 1817 was united to the Casloo. (Han' 
Mird*s Typographia, p. 360.) This ingenious 
letter-fouoder died in the summer of 1815» 
and was buried in St. James's Church, 
Westminster. 

f See a good memoir of Mr. Thomas 
Bewick, the elder brother, with a portrait, 
in ¥ol. xcix. pt. i.'pP' 17, 132. 



WW.7 



Mtmoir of W. Balmer, 



SOT 



1 



an; country. Indreil, it aCEtiis almost 
JRipOMiMe thai such dslicale cflbcis 
"— lU be abiaiiiei] from I'lockiof »nod,» 
or the P>pM it ii nnly necessary 
J, ttiit ii comes from ilic niaiiu- 
.77 of Mr. Whatman.' 
I he chief wooil-engrnvlnfts in ihii 
heantifiil Tolume »re ilie rollowiiig: 
The Trarcllrr. T. Bewick sculp, j Tfie 
Sad Historian, John BewicK del. and 
leulp. : The Departure, R. Johnton 
del.T. Bewick .culp. ; The Hermit at 
hii Murnins Dcvalinii, R. Johnson 
del. T. Bewick iculp. j The Hermit, 
Angel, and Guide. R. Johnson del. T. 
Bewick sculp. Betides the abiive, the 
work was embellisheil wilh i-iglit very 
suprrior vigneiiei — The biographical 
Sketches orGnidsmiih and Pa 



: by Isaac Reed. 
I highly appreciated 
n editions of it in 
nd ihey produced a 



fixed to the work, 
—This tolome wi 
by the public; 11 
quorio were sold, 
profit 10 the ine( 

Eiyment of all his expcnso, of tiftecn 
itudrcd pounds. 

7. Riiinulntcd by ihe great success of 
the work. Mi. Bulmer, in ITQ^. was 
induced 10 prepare an embellished 
qiiarloediiiori of ■' Somervillei C/iai 
Three capiea wer 
li it thus dedicat 



^^e h 



IS of itne Prinlins :" 












certainly 
higheM graiilicaiion his fcelinija 
experience. The very ditiingiiish- 
«d approbalion thalallended the publl- 
calioo of Ihe ornamented editinn of 
Goldsmith's TraTeller. Deserted Vil- 
Ijgt, and Parnell' 



T olTcred I 



pol>lic 



pography in Ibis country, demands 
warmest acknowledEOieni*; and ii no 
less satiificiory to ilie different artists 
who contributed ihcir cITorls lowercli 
the compleiion of the work. 

" The Chase, by Sometville. is now 
giTen ai a companion 10. Goldsmith ; 
and it is almoii siipetRuons 10 observe, 
that the siibjecis which 
~~Mnl *oIume. being 



:n,i™l,_e 



It I* Mid that bit MaJDily Oenige III. 
■ douht on the luLjKt, 
thilheotdtrnThli bookseller, Mr. Genrga 
Nicnl, 10 iifocure the bloLks from Mr. Bul- 
mer for kit inspeelioo, ilist ha nilf ht eoo- 



are adapted, ahavt all olheri, to dis- 
play the beauties of wood engraving. 

" Unfuilunalely for hi; friends, and 
the admirers of the art of cngraring on 
wood, I have the painful laik of an~ 
nouncing the death of my early ac- 
quainlimce and fiiend, the younger 
Mr. [John] Bewick. He died at 
Ovingham. oi> the banks of the Tvne, 
in December last [1795], of a pulmo- 
nary cnniplaint. Previously, howercr, 
10 his departure from London for ihe 
place of his nativily, he had prepared, 
and indeeil fini&hed 00 wood, the whole 
of the designs, except one, which em- 
bellish (he Chace ; they may therefore 
literally be considered as the last effort* 
of ibis in^cenious and much-io-bc-la- 
menled artist. 

" In executing the engravings, hi* 
broilitr, Mr. Thomas Bewick, has be- 
stowed every possible care i and the 
beautiful etfecl produced from I heir 
joint labours will, it is presumed, fully 
■' approbation of the sub- 



'" The Chas. 






s embellished wilh 



rlinei 



,alldra 



the block by Mr. John Bevi 
and engraved by his brother Thomas, 
and may perhaps be considered as chefs- 
d'ceuvre of thme celebrated engravers 
on wood." — The biographical sketch 
of Someiville was by Isaac Reed. 

In 1S04 the above two works were 
reprinted in one octavo volume, by 
Mr.Bulmer, wllh the snme embellish- 
menii, for Messrs. Cadell and Daviei, 
who had purchased the blocks. 

8. Odrs, Engti'li and Latia, 1798 
[by T. J. Malhias, esq.], sm. 8vo. not 
published. Mr. Bulmer printed levc* 
ral other publications 00 Italian lilera- 
ture, for Mr. Malhias. 

Q. MusntmtVbrtleganum. ijgS-ia03, 
2 vols. fol. English and Italian. !)ir 
R. Woralcy expended E7,000A on ihii 
work, which wai never published, 
M}Ot. has been given for a copy at a 
book-tale, 

to. DiisiTialion on ll>e Grrfk Gamtj, 
4in. 1300, with engravings. [ByJam«* 
Chriiiie.] 

11. The Falher'illevrngcaTTa^edy, 
and oiber Poems, by the Earl of Car- 
lisle, leoo, 4to. Not publisheil. 

12. The I'aitage nf Mount St. Go- 
Ihard, a Poem, by the Duchess of De- 
vonsbirr, wilh an Italian ttantUlion 
by Sig. I'oliodori. PiWawV^ ^i\n\ei, 

13. /Inacrrontts Odnvtn, GtteV.V 
E. Ftasttt, A. t&. va«». OtoMMW!** 



S06 



Memoir of W. Buhner, Eeq. 



fiCkt. 



with Tiffnettet by Mim Bacon (after- 
wardi Mrs. Fonter). Mr. Baliner 
jtuily prided himself on this beautiful 
work, the effect of which it ltkecopper« 
plate of exqoitite workmanship. A 
tew copies were Uken off on French 
paper, and certainly nothing ever ex- 
ceeded the dearnesi of these impres- 
sions. 

14. Giraldui CambrenMs liintrarimm 
Ombrue, 4/9. k R. C. Hoare, Bart. 
410. 1804. 

15. The IHnerwry qf Ahp, Baldwin 
Ikrough IFaies, 9 vols. 4to. Trans- 
lated by Sir R. C. Hoare ; illustrated 
with views drawn by Sir Richard, and 
eomved by Byrne, 2 vols. 4to. This 
paolication is in every respect ad- 
mirable. 

16. A Trad on the Archiieciure of 
Wale9. By Sir R. C. Hoare and John 
Carter. Only HO cop ies for private cir- 
culation, I8O6. [This tract has re- 
cently been reprinted for sale. See p. 
«37.J 

\T. A Disquisition on Etruscan Vases, 
I8O6 [by James Christie]. Small folio, 
with engravings, privately printed. 

18. Bentlen ei doctorum tfirorum 
Spisiola^ k Rev. Car. Burney, 1807, 
4to. Privately printed. 150laiige, and 
50 small copies. 

19. Prolegomena in Homerum, S^c, 
a R. P, Krnghi, 1803, 8vo. Privately 
printed; 60 copies. 

20. Memoir of the Life of the late 
Duke of Devonshire, 1811, sm. 4to. 
Privately printed ; 25 copies. 

21. History of Ancient Wiltshire, by 
Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart. 4 vols, 
folio. 

22. A Catalogue of Books relating to 
the History and Topography of luly, 
collected 1786-179O. 8vo. 1812. By Sir 
R. C. Hoare, Bart, privatelv printed. 
Only 12 copies. This valuable collec- 
tion of topo^raph^ has since been given 
by the oublic-spirited Baronet to the 
Ekiiish Museum. 

23. Letters and Miscellaneous Pw 
pers of Barri Charles Roberts, 1813, 
4to. privately printed. 

24. Translation qfthe Andria of Te- 
fence, 1814, sm. 8vo. By a well- 
known Baronet I privately printed. 
Eight copies on Imperial 4to. 

25. Life of Lord Viscount Barring- 
torn 1814, 4to. By bis brother, Shute 
Bp.of Durham. Privately printed ; 100 
copies. This was reprinted in 8vo. in 

M fH/iiam 0/ Maimeehury, trani- 



t 



lated by Rev. John Sharpe, 4to. 1815. 
Only 5T on larce paper. 

27. A Catalogue iff Books reloHng' 
to the History and Topographs fffEnf* 
land, Wales, Scotland, tmd Irekmas 
1815, 8vo. 2b copies; only six of 
which were on larob papbr. 

28. Portraits of the Soeermgne ^ 
the Turkish Empire, with biomphieal 
sketches in French and English ; lar^^ 
folio. By John Young, esq. Thia 
work was at the expense of the Svlttn 
Selim, and the whole impressioQ wis 
sent to the Ottoman Court. 

29. The Antiquities qf the Arehs tn 
Spain, by Cavannah Murphy, 1810^ 
large folio. This herculean folio rivab 
Denon's Egypt, in nobleness of desigp,. 
splendour of execution, and richiicsa. 
of material. 

30. The History tf the Arabs m 
Spain, ifc. 4to. 18l«. This volomeia 
a companion to the above. 

31. The Typographical AnHqmlies 
Great Britain, by T. F. Dibdin. 

ols. II. HI. and IV. The union 
of the red and black inks, the propor- 
tioned spaces, and the boldness and sin- 
gularity of the cots, render these books 
very beautiful of their kind. 

32. Bibliotheca Spenceriana, 4 vols. 
8vo. This work, considering the bulk 
of the volumes, and the quantity 
of matter introduced, is perhaps the 
most brilliant bibliographical produce 
tion in existence, on the score of mere 
typographical excellence. Only 55 co- 
pies were struck off upon large papbr, 
m royal 4to., eight of which were re- 
served by Earl Spencer for presents. 
Upon the completion of this work, 
carried on without intermission for 
nearly four years, the printer present- 
ed Dr. Dibain with a richly-wrought 
silver cup, of an antique form. (See 
Bibliographical Decameron, II. p. 394.) 

33. Tike Bibliographical Decameron i 
by T. F. Dibdin. Of all the works 
executed at the Shakspeare Press, the 
present is acknowledged to be the 
most eminently successful in the de- 
velopment of all the skill and beauty 
attached to the art of printing. Mr. 
Hansard fvide postea) baa not over- 
praised its excellence on this score. 
Never was such a variety of ornament- 
in the way of wood-cuts and red and 
black ink— exhibited. The quantity 
of matter, by way of note, is perhaps 
no where exceed^^ in a perfonnaoce 
which unites splendour of ezecittion 
wvlVi cut'voMV) ov fkuaiU The paf«r iS' 



issa] 



Memmr of ff. Bidmer, &^ 



809 



alio of the (ii 

continue* to a 

We have i 



high pti 

ttie piivaie repiinli by Mr. Bulnier, 
for ihe Roxburgh Club, the hii- 
torv of which will be found in Dr. 
Ditidin'i Bibliographical DecsmeroD, 
«ol. 111. pp. 6g— 7«- [See ilio our 
vol. Lxxxlil. part ii. pp. 3, 340, for 
an account of the 5rit annivenary of 
the Club : and its praceedingt are re- 
coriledin varioutiubsequentvulunm.] 
One of ihe chieF ditBcnllici Mr. 
Bulmer had lo conlrrid with, wat the 
providing of good black prinliog Ink. 
That foFioerly u<ed by primers wa> 
electable. IJaskeiville had made his 
own ink, as well as type, about I76O, 
which enabled hioi to produce luch 
fine wotk( mi Mi, Robert Martin, 
hi* ■ppreniice, was still living, when 
Mr. Bulmer b«i;an buiineii. He Hrji 
supplied Mr. Bulnier with hne lomp- 
falack, for his eipertments In tine 
priming. Bui thedlHicully of obtain- 
ing any adequate supply, indnccd Mr. 
Bulmer to Meet an apparains for the 
purpose of making his own ink, and 
he lucceeded to (he extent of hii 
wishes ill producing a veiy superior 
black. *' The most anxious scrutiny 
(observes Mr. Hansard, ia his Typo- 
enipAin^ cannot, in his Shakspeaic or 
Miiion, iimi the least appearance of 
failure of thai heauliful velvet richness 
of colouv which the ink originally 
possrsaed. In the Shakspeare, which 
was nine years ia hand, the same bar- 
mooy i>{ ttm and richness of colour 
prevail, a* if the ink had been ail 
made al one liiiM, and ihe lost sheet 
inked by the sanw hand in Ihc same 
hour OS the iirsli ibis single work pro- 
bably contains more pages than all 
thtl Bodoni ever pritiied. But the 
finest criterion by which lo Judge of 
the perleclion of ink atid work is uf- 
feveJ in ibevolumes primed by Mf.Bul- 
mei. ofDr. Oibdms Decameron; the 
Dumernns wood engravingi in which 
ihe ground is an eaiirc bbck, and 
others with psrtt of ihe figures black 
on while ground, exhibit such an even* 
ncMond iniensiiy ofcoloui, as nothing 
but ink of ihe most perfrci co(ii|iound 
foe tlt« purpose could efl'ect. Much, 
of courie, must have been owing to 
the aid of good and congenial quilily in 
lh« paper, and ensured in eHect by ihe 
expMience and ikill which Mr. Bul- 
mei was so com|>rlem to impart to bis 
woikmcn> and ihal a great Jejl must 



have depended on, and heeo eflecied 
by the two last named requisites, is 
very apparent, from his being able lo 
produce the same effect In ink ofano- 
iher colour, n.iitiety red." 

After continuing in businejg with 
the highest credil fur aboni 30 years, 
Mr. Bulmer retired in I9\g. with a 
welleanied fortune, lo a gcnleel resi- 
dence at Cbpham Rise, and was suc- 
ceeded ai the Shaksprare Press by his 
Grlnir Mr. W. Nlcol, the only son of 
f. Sulmer's fiTai friend, ihe late G. 
Nicol, Esq. Mr. Nicol, in his Ociv- 
alot folio edition of Virgil, edited by 
W.Soiheby, Esq. has proved himself 
a most diligent and able successor; 
while, in piiblicalions of smaller di- 
mensions, such as Major's edtiions of 
Wallon's Angler and Lives, he has 
not been lets eminently successful. 

But whilst we have jually placed Mr. 
Bulmer in the first rank of his profes- 
sion, let UB not rar|j;et that he had equal 
claims to distinction among those 
whose memory is revered fo( iheir 
many private and domestic virtuet. 
We may ilien imly say, thai his art has 
been deprived of one of its brightest 
ornainrnis, and hi) friends have to 
lament the loss of one nni easily lui- 
putscd in every moral encellence. 

Mf, Bulmer was youtiger brother of 
Sir Fenwick Bulmer, who died M*y4, 
1884, aged Tfl, tile senior mrmber of 
ihe Honourable Band uF Gvotlemen 
Pensioners. The laieMr. Bulmer was 
also for a long time one of the Geoilc- 
nien Pensioners ; lo which corps the 
late Wm. Gifford, esq. was Payinasier. 
Some pleasant poelicnl letters from Mr. 
Giiibrd 10 Mr. Bulmer will soon appear 
inaiixih volume of Nichol*'* "Lite- 
rary Illuslraiions." 

Mr. Bulmer died at Clapham Riie, 
on the gih of September, in his 74-ih 
year, snd bis remains were interred on 
ihc ilith, at St. Clement Danes, Strand, 
(in which parish his brother had long 
resided,) attended to Ihe grave by a 
numerous and respectable company of 
niourning friends. Hehaslefia widow; 
but had no children. 

A portrait of Mi. Bulmer will be 
found in vol. II.ofDr. Dibdin sBibtio- 
f^raphical Decameron ; but having 



us. Nor can we speak favourably of at 
engraiing in wood of Mr. Bala\« ™. 
Hansard's " T jpo^wi^Viwi." K «n«t 
faithful ^QtVtuV WW eii.tcvivei wVv'-^^'* 



810 



f¥M through th§ HighUmds. 



roet 



graphy, in 1837> painted |ancl drawn 
on stone by Jamet Ramtay. Of this 
portrait a correct copy it herewith pre* 
•cnted to our readers. 



Walk through the Highlands. 
(Continu^/rom p. lOQ.) 

AT ten o'clock in the morning we 
left Ulva.* Both our host and 
boslesa accompanied us to the door, 
and we parted from them much sa- 
tisfied with the attentions we had 
received under their roof. 

The day was extremely fine, and 
the road though somewhat roush, yet 
far from being unpleasant* While in 
irnne little doubt about our way, we 
were fortunately joined by a good 
*' auld wife/' who very desirous or en- 
tering into conversation, said she was 
traTelitng for some disunoe on our 
road, and wonld direct us. From her 
oa well as from every one else to whom 
we mentioned his name, we had on 
•soellent aceount of the L^ird of Stafia, 
M well as of his lady, whom she repre- 
sented to us as eqiully charitable with 
himself,»-equally solicitous on all oc- 
casions to do good. StafFa, it appeared, 
had been much interested about the 
instruction of his poor islanders, and 
had instituted schools for their advance- 
ment in useful learning. The old wo- 
man spoke of the Laind and his family 
with much affection, and we were 
pleased at the artless and apparently 
sincere expression of her gratitude. 
She informed us that she liked much 
to talk with us, for the sake of improv- 
ing herself in our language. Like all 
the Highlanders, she was perfectly con- 
scious of speaking it with a much bet- 
ter accent than those of the Low 
Country; and this idea gave her no 
little satisfaction. We put some ques- 
tions to her relative to emigration. She 
informed us that great numbers had 
gone off from her village some years 
ago, but none lately. Indeed we never 
heard of any actual departures, or even 
projected expeditions, during our whole 
toor through the Highlands; and this 
circumstance would seem to prove sa- 
tisfactorily that the condition of the 
poorer inhabitants of these remote re- 
gions had, within these few years, been 

* One of the Hebrides, in the district of 
Moll, and thire of Argjla. 



much ameliomted, or that those who 
had tried the experiment of remoiviil, 
had failed to observe their hopes real- 
ized in foreign and not less inhoapita- 
ble shores. We now for the first lime 
in our tour, felt it extremely hot. The 
flies too were very troublesome, though 
we were passing close to the sea-shore 
on an elevated situation, and open to 
the breese. From this point we had 
our last view of Staffa, now surrounded 
by a sea calm and placid as it IumI yet- 
terday been rough and boisterous. Be- 
sides Staffa, we enjoyed an excellent 
prospect of Collonsay, Dutchman's 
Cape, and several other islands, the 
appearance of which in a rippling sea, 
and under an azure sky, was highly 
exhilarating. Several vessels in mo- 
tion, their sails swelled by the wind, 
added to the cheerfulness of the scene, 
which we had an opportunity of coo* 
templating for a considerable distance 
with the greatest satisfaction. 

According to the expression of oor 
HighUnders, this was *' agrandday" in- 
deed, yet we experienced considerable 
(atisue, and had occasion to observe 
with how much less alacrity we por« 
sued oor march, after having only oaU 
cake instead of wheaten bread for 
breakfast, and we began to grumble at 
the horrible Moll miles. The hills 
too were steepish, yet the road hitherto 
was tolerably good. At length we found 
ourselves uncertain of our course, on 
a bleak and trackless moor. We tried 
two or three apparently sheep wallcs 
without any satisfaction, and at last 
abandoned ourselves nearly to the di- 
rection of chance. We arrived at one 
of the hills of this well-named gloom 
of desolation, down whose steep sidei 
we wound in an oblique direction, and 
crossed a ford which lay beneath us. 
From this spot we had a view of a 
farm house, which gave us consider- 
able relief, and towards which we di- 
rected our steps. Heuce, after much 
fatigue, we arrived at a rude bridge at 
the nead of a loch, and finally reached 
Ballacray, at four. Here we rested 
and refreshed, after which we proceed- 
ed and marched into Tobermory about 
eight, without having encountered one 
single drop of rain ! The principal 
inn is built on a very respectable quay, 
lately erected at a considerable ex- 
pense, for the use as well as ornament 
of this remote harbour. On our expe- 
dition to Staffa, one of the boatmen 



ISSO.] 
had given 



tFalk tkrmigh the HighlanJt. — SlTonttan. 



□osl s])lcnili(t snd rX' 
X of ihi« roeiropolis of 
ihc Islands. The harbour, heinrunn- 
cd us, wai Tally equsi lo iliaL oC Leiih, 
and froin hit ducripilon we had ck- 
prcled in this, ihe port of Tobermory, 
10 behold the maits "clustering like 
repdt in the Lake of Lt^o." lii thii, 
indrrd, we were disapiHiiiiied, yet the 
harbour B|>|ieared sulticienlly commo- 
dioiK, and we were informed thai 
K ill (}'> ships hjid not unrrnjiielitly iti- 
c ho red in the lOadi. 

On the morrow we deiiveted out 
credentiiils or leiters of rrcommenda- 
tion to ihe friend of Or. M. to whom 
they were addreued. A* looii as the 
weather permitted, which was not litl 
four o'clock, ibis gentleman, with 
mucli civility, procured tis ■ boat, and 
having kindly furnished us with let- 
ter?, wiiuesied our embiiikaiion on 
Lnch Sunari for Salem. Our boat 
appeared roilen, leaky, and without 
proper lackle of any oescriplion, end 
our sailors tliemsrlvei remarked that 
iheira was " very like a drunken man's 
boat, a good deal out of order.'' 
" ' ' quilling ihe harbour, 



Sit 

the night should prore unruly, and in 
either of which we niigbi make sure 
of an excellent hrd. At first we had 

[irepaied to avail ourielvej of these 
citers, but gelling on belter ihan we 
expected, and ihe evening again be- 
coniinj; fine, we pasted prciiy quickly 
by Iheir houses, and arriied at Sale ni 
at eight. Here there was only a mi- 
lerable hovel by way of inn, so that, 
late as it wai, and ihou^h we had a 
long walk before us, we determined lo 
jirocced lo Stroniian at all haurds. 
The road, as it had been described to 
us, was extremely good, ple.isani, and 
romantic. We now passed close by 
'*- ->ide of the Loch, through flourish- 



ing and vcr» extensive pi; 
now lost sight of it for a lime, and ap- 
peared lo strike deeper into the woods. 
Speedily ihe Loch reappeared, and 
served very much to cheer us on our 
way. After the firti six miles, It be- 
came misty and dark, and the road ra- 
ther inlticale. We came to two paths, 
look ihe wrong, and goi inio a alone 
quairy. After exliicating ourselves 
with some dilUcnlly. we were at a loss 
whether (o go onwaids or retreat to 
ihore for ihe purpose of ihc road we hud left. We determined 
illasi, which was forlu- on the lailer, but without finding it 
practicable; returned to ihe quarry, 
and finally discovered soraeihing like 
a track. Here It began to rain. We 
were totally ignoninl of our way, the 
night wearing apace; and we began lo 
coniitler ounelvei fur from wise, at 
having wandered thus unknowing 
and unknown, unaccompanied bv a 
guide, and on foot, into these dark 
Yet, afier getting safely 

■'- roati improved; 

we arriveu at some nuts, whose itlha- 
biianti we with difhculiy roused, ob- 



hauted u 
taking ii 

njtely plenliful. and the buimcss soon 
accomplished. We had but little wind, 
and made but IndiFTerent way eien 
with the assistance both of the oars 
and sail. Our boatoien, however, 
were very civil and itilelllgent, and 
amused us by many nautical aneedoles. 
One of ihem had sailed, he said, fifly 
times close by Siaffa, but had never 
the curio*tty to look into ii; neither 

could we make biin believe that he through the quarry, 
would have seen any thing wotlhy hjj 
: if he had. The older of the 



infoitn 



at Slronlian at half an hour al 
night." 

The gentleman al Sliontian i 
ne had lelleis, was from ho 



two amused us much by 

lious wbi»iling for a breeie, and though freshing <!raught of 
we laughed al i(, he appeared lo re- ' ''"" . ■- ic - 

gard il as a very serious and all-avail- 
ing ceremony, and at inlervaU conti- 
nued whislling on without a smile. 
We had witnessed the same thing 
amongst our boatmen of Siafia, who 
alio added the no less powerful en- 
treaty or command of" Come, breeie!" 
in a lone of voice, and wilh a pecu- 
liarity of manner which was very 
iJcasing. 

Mr. C. had very obligincly furnish- 
ed (u with letters to two of his friends 
living ntar each other, Lul on opposite 
lidet uF ihe Loch, in whose (uai»ions 
be rtcummcudcd uf tu ukc ihttlct if 



acci>aiinodECii>i 
Ueame bmau 

Kaperliai wlie 
ir-u. In lb. 



id crcet«d for tbe 
>en. h ba> Utaly 
iag givcD to the 

tbi cbeiuic^ 
ably ilaHiribei 



1 by Ur. 
» fto«l 

licKitnj 1 and by Tliumu Cliuln 
Hupe, M.D. ia vol. iv. n, V\. y^. •* ^''C 



Walk ihrough ike Highkmdi^Ckrkal gtrmen. ; £Oit? 



S14 

opcoe dor basket, and procetdec] lo 
£iisliipon lit cOnUntt, for which oor 
toil had giTen ui a most etoellent ap- 
ficlite. While bo employed^ iht clouda 
prtialW cleared away, the tun agaia 
bunt fotth, illominauug the country 
beneath at, and we enioycd one of the 
iDOBt pleaaing at well at magnificeDt 
prospectt that can well be conceived. 
Immediately before ut wat a mott 
tremendout precipice, down which 
oar guide hurled huge mattet of rock, 
which in their fall bounding from one 
jirojecting part of the mountain to an- 
other, and carrying with them variout 
other broken poriiont in their course, 
iMpt crashing and retounding into ihe 
febyss below. We advanced cautioutly 
-to the very edg^ of thit precipice, and 
-bcadt not in general disposed to be 
giddy^ on this occasion could scarcely 
mroid feeling tomethin^n of disquietude. 
Nearly on the oppotite tide of thit 
abytt, the mountain exhibited an ap* 
Mrance which I thought very ttrix- 
ing. lu ridge, of eontiderable evtent, 
wat very tbarp, in tome measure re- 
eembling the roof of a house. Its sides 
were variegated, striped with red and 

Ssen ahernately, a phenomenon pro- 
bly attributaBle to the resistless vio- 
lence of the winter torrents. On this 
hill the sun was now shining partially, 
and its rays imparted new lustre to 
that which had before been remark- 
able for the vividness of its colouring. 
The scene we thought extremely bcau- 
lifiil> and gazed upon it for tome time 
with the greatest admiration. We now 
advanced, and took a view of the pre- 
cipice in another, and stilt more fright- 
ful aituation. At this point we had a 
nearer view of the perpetual snow, 
never ceasing to line the sides of this 
chasm. We were indeed close upon 
it» but were cautioned by the guide 
not to advance too far. Its surface was 
iirm, icy, and crisp, yet we were not 
altogether without fear of its suddenly 
giving wa]r, and hurrying us along 
4vith It in its descent. Some of it we 
collected in our hands, and its icy 
coldness wat highly agreeable to our 
paiatei. At this moment the blue 
mitt was rolling far beneath us in 
gently undulating wreaths, the clouds 
felternately retreatcfd and advanced, and 
the whole aceoc, momentarilv chang- 
ing, teemed aliv« ; and now above our 
htedi appeared Heaven's bow in all 
Hi glovy, and of the most vivid huet. 
Adrancwg in a taort westerly direc- 



tiodi we bad a view of the iakt oC 
Mull, of Egg, with others of the Bt^ 
brides, while^ directing oor eyes aottth« 
wardt, they wandered without impe* 
dinent over an immente track of conn* 
tfy» far at the county of F^rth. Nearer 
at hand we observed a second bow, if 
it might to be called, completely ctr- 
fular, and most beautifully overaidh* 
ing a chasm of the rock. We b(^i 
our descent at five. Ben Nevit» aa U 
fvell known, ia a table motmtain, on 
which account, though ita tummit ia 
competed of huge ttonet, looae and 
rugged, yet few difficulties pretented 
themtelvet. As we descended^ ita tidea 
grew far more tteep, and the Inote 
mattes more friEhtful, but we travelled 
oil with a good heart. Again we tasted 
with redouoled pleasure of cranberries^ 
and the spring ; and, after labour siich 
as neither of us wished to repeat, ar* 
rived by eight in the plaiiu below, and 
shortly after at our inn. 

A SUBSCRIBIB. 

Mr. Urbav, Sepi.ll. 

AS you have given admission to the 
remarks of your correspondent 
" X." p. 99. on " Clerical Farmers,*' 
and thereby encouraged him to pro- 
ceed with his threatened lucubrations, 
you will admit, I trust, a few observa- 
tions suggested by the perusal of his 
first perlurmance. 

The writer deplores the passing of '* a 
legislative Act encouraging the Clergy 
to oecome farmers, the effects of which, 
he observes, are too apparent not to 
demand notice, and to excuse animad- 
versions." Now I contend that the 
" effeciit* as described by your Corre- 
spondent, are altogether unreal and 
imaginary. His |' animadversiona,*' I 
admit, are sufficiently apparent. In 
the first place, with respect to the ^€i 
itself, if we are to judge of the inten- 
tions of iu frame rs by the operation of 
the Bill, so far from their oontemplat» 
ing any encouragement to the Clergy 
to become farmers, we must infer ex- 
actly the reverse, for the eflect of the 
Act is unquestionably to tircumtctihe 
the asricultural pursuits of the Clergy, 
by affixing a limit to that which before 
was unlimited ; vie. the quantity of 
land a Clergyman mif;ht thereafter oc- 
cupy in addition to his glebe. 

I admit that a Clergyman so dis- 
posed, might find in the occupations of 
eighty aeries of land, added to an average 
glebe, sufficient employment .to divert 



Dtfence ef Cltrggmm Jvmvig their own Gleia. 



him frain the due and contcicnlioui 
ptifbrtaance nf his " rccleiiaitical 
dutia (" aod had your Cor rrtpon dent 
been contenled tu direct Ihe ouipoui- 
inn of hn tta\ igiinit a charRcler like 
ihi), s Ihon/u^h-pueid farming porinn, 
few of jour rcaderi wiiuld bate been 
dnpaaeilio diisenl rrom his oninioni, 
alihnugh the^ might pMiibl; hove 
cilird in qu?«iinn ihe taite in nhich 
iheywere coDveyed. But ihc inslance* 
■re fare it) which the Clerfty hsTS 
availed themselves of ibi) legiiUuve io- 
diligence; krid indisciimiBaielf Io in- 
volve in one stvecping censure every 
Clergyman who may chance tooecupy 
» few acres of glebe, and make him 
■niwerahle for all the eilecu your 
Cormpondcnt hat deicribed n result- 
ing from such an occupation, nrgue« 
an obliquity in his perception of com- 
mon jmlice, which it is by no meant 
DgTecahle to encounter. 

" Fox-hunting, gambttug, and pa. 
glUstic," lu which I will readily add 
llie tonfiFmtd Jarmiiif- parion, i sur- 
render oncondiiioonlly lo the mercy of 
your eiuyisl ; but 1 would fain be per- 
uitiied to say a word or two in beknlf 
of those, I trust, minor olTendcr!>, the 
oecupicri of their glebe i 



Oceop^ing his glebe, brings t Cler- 
gyman, m your Corresponrten"' ■ 



" collisi 



mpeliti 



wiih thote who in consequence acolT 
■I his ignorance and incooipeunce, 
nnd sneer at and deinrse him for hi* 
folly.-' 1 confcM 1 can no more tee 
ihu at a necESfary result, than I can 
divine how the lame circumstance 
«hi>u)(J have the " effect '' of canrert- 
inR those who would alhorwiiehe"eon- 
idtntiout neiehbours," into " cheaM 
atid cnjolen. 1 am not willing lo 
think so coniemplibly of oiy neigh- 
hoiitf, and of Bgriciillnrials in general, 
as your Correspnmlent does. 1 will 
not believe that «hoold ihe evidence of 
•ny sJtill be appareni in the cultivation 
of my glebe, that it is eflected " at llw 
ceruiniy of losing the fat greater por- 
tion of that respect which, at a Clergy- 
man, I might have received frooi tboae" 
whom ihii apparent absence of " ig- 
norance and incompetence'' in the 
culiivaiimi nf mj land,'* has converted 
into " envious rivals and competitors." 
1 trust Ihe virtue which is 



Kit 






nail 






glehe, ii is one into which uiyrrsideuce 
apoD a ll/iiig in the country has un- 
wittingly Inl me. I will not say that 
" my Ignorance and neglect" in this 
" new trade'' may not have been snf. 
ficiemly" apparent)" but us this would 
seem to argu