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t » 348H0 



PREFACE. 



Tna whole of Literature, as regards its form (forma), mny be 
comprised in books, pamphlets, and magazines, — which division 
may be said to correspond with works finished and complete ; with 
partial observations and temporary comments ; and, thirdly, with 
the first scattered elements of tliought, and the original ideas sug- 
gested by the subject. The Magazine is comparatively of late 
introduction into tha literature of our country ; and its place was 
previously supphed by pamphlets and tracts, of all sizes and 
descriptions, including small treatises, down to single sheets, and 
even solitary leaves. But, valuable as these often were separately, 
and of increased importance when collected, ohe undeniable defect 
attended this form of publication, — that they were easily lost, and 
when lost seldom recovered or replaced ; and thus they became 
"Jiiffilive pieces" in a double sense of the word. " Pamphlets and 
small tracts," says Dr. Johnson, " make a very important part of 
an English library; nor are there any pieces upon which those 
who aspire to the reputation of judicious collectors of books bestow 
more attention or greater expense; because many advantages may 
be expected from the perusal of these small productions, which 
are scarcely to be found in that of larger works." But of a class 
of works so judiciously and highly esteemed it would be useless to 
conjecture the proportion that must have perished from neglect 
and accident, dating from their 6rst appearance, which is supposed 
to have been about the time of the Reformation. Dr. Johnson in 
his days thought that no time was to be lost in securing them from 
further dangerof destruction, and advised their being placed in safety 
by being collected into volumes, and distributed according to their 
subjects. In the present day the Mayarine has in a great measure 
offered a better and safer channel for such communications as the 
pamphlet was formerly the only vehicle for afTording : it has also 
the advantage of more easily adapting its dimensions to the exact 
importance of the subject, and of interposing spaces and pauses, if 
required, between different parts and divisions of the subject. 
Here, amidst the various communications of the Magazine, the j 



IT PREFACE. 

faint spark of a thought may l>e struck out^ which may subse- 
quently kindle into a brighter flame^ till it increases into the steady 
light of a mature and confirmed knowledge. Here the first blossom 
of truth may find a friendly shelter to expand^ and that theory be 
timidly advanced^ which is hereafter to consolidate itself into a 
system^ and be ranked among the discoveries of truth. Such is 
the use and such the purpose of our Magazine among others ; and 
it is with the best judgment that its founders and proprietors have 
in a great measure confined it to a certain class or circle of subjects. 
For without some definite path of research^ without some circum- 
scription of inquiry, attention would be wasted, and the advance- 
ment of knowledge retarded. Accuracy can only be attained by 
confining ourselves to a limited sphere, and by repeated investi- 
gation of the same subject. It is true that we cannot hope equally 
to please the taste or satisfy the wants of all readers ; but this may 
be said of all works equally as of ours. No writer can hope to 
satisfy all ; let him confine his ambition in the narrower desire of 
pleasing and instructing some. Those, too, whose delight is to 
look curiously after slight inaccuracies either of style or fact may 
occasionally find them in our pages, as in those of others. Some 
arise from the very nature of our publication, which cannot be 
delayed to meet^rolonged researches, or wait'for a more scrupulous 
elaboration of style; but we are quite willing to place ourselves^ in 
this respect, in competition not only with similar works to our 
own, but with those that assume a far higher title, and aspire to a 
more extensive fame. No doubt, too, there is a difference in 
the comparative value of many of the articles included in our 
general mass of information ; and this arises partly from the nature 
of the subjects, partly from the degrees of talent or learning in our 
correspondents ; but this, too, is the common lot of all that is 
subjected to the labour of man : even the gifts of nature are 
bestowed on us with a promiscuous mixture of the valuable and 
the worthless ; the ore of the richest mine is accompanied with 
dross, and the gold and gems of the Peruvian mines are intermixed 
witli the sand and ooze of the rivers where they are found. 

S. Urban. 

Dec. 31, 184(). 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 

JULY, 1846. 
Bv SYLVANUS UUBAN, Gkxt. 



CONTENTS. 



MiK 



> Co HI 



..c*. — R«Wr»tioQ of St, John's GaW. Clerkenwell — 

■iagt of Hfnrjr VI." at the BritUh IaititutioD~Dr. Junieton — 



I 
I 



Apperley ., 

PiCTCKti VROU Italt: hj Cbirlu Dicltou 3 

On Wealhw MoQQtBin* SI 

ApoiTTphil GenologiH of GrpBl PamLli«— the houie of UsTbert 93 

BiTon in Lord Brougbaia'i Life of Voltaire . 25 

Tbo Baton; of StittTortl, aod its Restoration temp. Hen. VIII — . .11 

On the \fiiDity of La]igaa|es, and oords drrited from the Saaicrit 33 

Aodenl Paintiog iti Newark Cbnrrb, reprcEeatiDgDestbaod the Gallant, or part 

of the Dance of Dealb (iriM a Plali) 37 

Origioal Letters of Admiral KempeaMt, in 1J59 and 17(12 39 

Eiplaaatioa of the Fish log Tackle of Homer 41 

Emendatitia of the passage of St. John naming the Hyssop it. 

The Pfoponions of tbe Pyiamida of EjTpt 4! 

PoiTBT. —Born bam Beech»:—HedsDr ;— Lady Place, HuKey :~B[amihill .. 43 

RiTaacFKCTivK Rkvikw.^A Garland for the Ne« Royal Exchange 45 

REVIEW OP NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

Wright's BiOfTaphia Brltannica Literaria, 49; Lippenberg'i History of Eng- 
land, 53 ; Brogdfu'B Catholic Safeguarda, 55 ; Transactions of the Cam- 
bridge Camden Society, 57; IlluMratinns of Mounmantal Brasses, 59; 
Bronne's Sacred Architecture, 59; Archdeacon Maontnt's Sermons, 61 : 
Mill'a Sermons on Ihe Temptation, 63 ; Verses for Holy Seasons. 61 ; 
BnrgoQ*! Pctr>.aDd other Poems, 65; Murray 'n Colonial and Home Libraij, 

CGi Hart's Ecclesiastical Records of England 68 

LITERARY AND SCIENTIPIC INTELLIGENCE.— Unirersitifa of Oitord 
and Cambrid^, MerehsQt Taylors' School, British Mosenm, Royal Society 
of Lilerarure. Royal Asiatic Society, Geographical Society. Horticultural 

Society Gg 

ARCHITECTURE.— Qjfbtd Architectnral Society, St. John's GaCe.Clerkennell 74 
ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.— ArchKological Institate, 75; Snssex 
Ardurolo^cal Society, 78 : Aiiyrian Marble, British Weapons foaod near 

Leeds, Barroirs arar Cambridge T9 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.— Proceedings in Pu-liament, SOi Foi«iga 

Nnrs. HI ; Domestic Occurrence* B2 

Pramotians and Preferments, 81 1 Births and Marriages.. 85 

OBITUARY: with Memoirs of Pope Gregory XVI.; Viscount Dowoe; Lord Rod- 
M7lLordWi>dehouse;Adro. Hon. H. Curzon ; Sir John S. Sebright, Bart.; 
lla)or-Gen. Sir Howard Elphiostone, Bart; Capt. Sir W. Macgregor, Bart. ; 
Generd Sir Moore Disney, K.C.B. ; General Sir Henry Bavlf. G.C.H. ; 
Oenetal Sir Stratford Saunders; Major-Gen. J. R. Lumley; Lieut.-Col. 
; Vioe-Adm. H. Garrett: Reer-Adm. R. T. Hancock; Comroandtr 
Cawley. H.N. ; Sir Thomas Soreil ; Edw. T. Foley, Esq.; Wm. H. 
Afhbant, Esq.; G. R. M. Ward, Esq.; Peter Porcelt, Esq.: Count 

Cusini; Res. George Newby : 89—101 

CUrgydi 

Dkatiu, imogedin Counties 1 

Registrar- General's Rctnnia of Mortslity in the Metrvpolii—Markets. Ill; 
MeteoTologieal Diary— Stocks.. , 1 

ition of an Anctkst Paintinq in Niwabk Chuik 

Notts. 




MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



St. Jakn't Gate. — On (he prvsraC po- 
sition of the propoied Ri'iloration of St. 
Jobo's Gate. Clcrkenwdl. we bf| to refer 
oor readera to a >taComent under [be head 
of Architbctiikg in our pmimt Numbiir. 
Siare lhiinbicrip[ion>»elinoBlcged in our 
magiziDe for October bit we have re- 
ceired ■■ follona: — £, t. d. 

E. J. Cnrlos, enq. . .050 

D. E. DsTT, eaq. Ufford . A <l 
Wm. Hopkimon, esq. Stamford S 
Wm. MWchett.ejq. Norwich .060 
Page K. Scott, esq. Nornich 5 
S. W. Stevensan, esq. Norwich 5 
Willmm Sbackdl, esq. . 5 

Mr. Gniell .050 

Mr. S, Tymms. Burjr . 5 

JuDior members of the family of 

Nichoii . . . 1 10 

Mrs. Morgan and members of 

her family . . . 12 
Miss S. A. Baker . . . a 6 
Capt. F. Ltwis. It. N. . 2 6 

Dr. RaffSDD, Lichfield . . i 6 
Mr. Lomai, Lichfield . 3 6 

We shall Hill be bappy to receive addi. 

L. remarki, " Amonjal the interesting 
portraits now exUibitin« at (be British 
Innlitution in Pall Mail, is lUe asserted 
" Alarriape nfHmry tit Siilk and Mar. 
ganl o/AnJou," purchased at the Straw- 
berry Hill sate bj the Dake of Suther- 
land. Your correspondent J. G. N. 
noticed this picture, and the inventive 
flDCiel of Walpole CDnnecCed with il, in 
the Magazine for July 1K49, I ventured 
■liorlly after, in remarking on another 
painting, to snbmit a doubt whether it 
might not (rejecting the supposed por- 
truita of the attendants given by Walpole) 
be the marriage of Henry under an allc- 
gorirsl allasion to the muiriage of Joseph ; 
and chiefly on account of the ntaibu.i 
round the head of the bridegroom, while 
the bride has none. A second ciambation 
has convinced me that your correspondent 
is right, and that it is a simple represen- 
tation of the JUarriage qfthe ViTgin. with 
the parties habited in the costume of the 
day, of the Flemish scbool, and in the usual 
style of Van Eyck, Hemliug, &e. kr." 

In answer to our correapamleot, who 
inquired for particulars respecting the 
connexion of Dr. John Jamieson, the com- 
piler of the Scntlish Dictionary, &c. with 
the Bruces of Kenoet, in the county of 
Clirkmnnnan. a Cadet or KiNNET com- 
muniL'Jitestl.efiillowiDgparticulais from the 
Doctur's onn MS. notes. The late John 
Jamiesiin was great-grandson of the Rev. 
Aleiandfr Bruce, who got the lands of 
(i^iitlft ftnm hi? faiber Robert Bruce, eiq. 



of Krnnet.by a charter under the great aed 
dated 2d March I6T0. This Altianderwaa 
theaecondton of Robert.by his wife Agues, 
daughter of Patrick Murray of Perdowie, 
who married the Hon. Murgarct Coltille, 
daughter of I.flrcl C.hille of Cuiroas. The 
Rev. Alexander Bruce was one of the 
commiaaioners for supplies for the county 
ofClackmannan, anil ibelirat minister after 
the rcvulutiouat Kirkhead, in Perbleahire. 
He married 9tli March 1C77, Marciirrt, 
daughter of James Clelind and liobel 
Kennedy hia spouse, and died in the year 
IT04, luving issue Jahkb, Chief JnsticA 
of Barbados, who died there 19lh Sep- 
tember, 1741>. leaving issue (Sec Gent. 
Miigaiine lor lj4!), page 4^9) David in 
officer in the army, Alrkam'KB. a sur- 
geon in Edinburgh, Mabv, and Rachsl, 
bom 17.7, who married John Cleiland i 
their first child was David, who was bom 
IGth July 1735, their second was Margaret 
born Ib'tfa May 1T27. She married lirat 
Cohn Broun, and secondly the Rev. John 
Jamieson, of Glasgow, the father of John 
Jamieson, D.D.. F.B.3., F.S.A. 

In reference to the letter in our Maga- 
zine for January, on the menniDg of the 
Engliih proper n^me "John," Jdhannkb 
thiuhs W. D. £. has derived that name 
quite erroneously from the Sioskrit jSn, 
person, man. Nor has be shewn whit 
relitiou there ia between John and the 
Hebrew Javan, Jonah, Jonas, and tbe 
Greek Ion, lo, Ionia. But let ua look 
at the Latin JuAanatt, and we there see 
tbe true cognate of tbe Enjtiisb Jubn, 
with its medial and radical k. Tbe earliest 
authority we have for the word is Luka 
i. 13; and in Hebrew sad Arabic it is 
written " Yabya"and "Yiilianna'' whence 
cornea JoAannei, John, hath words re- 
taining tbe radical h of the origipBl, a 
letter uritber appearing in the Sanskrit 
"jin" nor known in that language, being 
in fact peculiar to the Hebrews and 

ScnUTATOR remarks that the death of 
" Nimtod," — Mr. C. J. Apjierley. was 
recorded in our number for July 18-1:!. 
p. 103, as having occurred on the l9th 
May preceding in Upper Bel grave -place. 



upreci 



spec.. 



ficatinn of a dale ai 
wnrlhy than the statement of the news- 
papers, of hia death having taken place 
recently "near Boulogne"; and if the 
former record Imd been remembered, we 
should certainly not linve introdaced hia 
name into onr laat nui 

firrofa.— Juno, p. 64.9. Tbe father of 
the Iflle Mr. John Wilks 
Fellow of the Ruya! Society. 



J 




GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 



P 



Picture) from Itali/. By Charlei Dickent, Eiq. 
WITHOUT possessing Biiy single writer of our country who haa 
composed a book of Italian IrareU of eminent merlu we have had, old and 
Dew. a very large variety of works on the subject, sufficient to shew 
whether our traasalpine travellers were gifVd with that intelligence of 
judgment and delicacy of feeling which would enable them to view with 
advantage the treasures of a country that mny be called tbe " Museum of 
the World." Perhaps Italy, taking it in toto, would make a larger demand 
upon tbe talents, tastes, and acquirements of a stranger than any other 
European country ; and it could scarcely be expected that any one mind 
could be so richly gifted, or any knowlct^ so exuberant, as to appreciate 
all its diversified treasures, ancient and modem. Tbe history of the lite- 
rature of Italy may be justly said to be the history of tbe progress of the 
hnmao mind in all the Christian world. To have engraved on one's memory 
tbe wcred records of its early history, and our imagination Glled with 
recoUections of its poetic gloriea, — to embrace only an epitome of all that 
tie gigantic labours of antiquaries have brought to light of its medieval 
history,* — to possess some portion of that delicate sensibility, that fine 
appreciation, and that keen judgment with which Winkelman surveyed the 
remains of its sculpture as with a master's eye, — to estimate tbe spirit by 
which the early masters of painting were directed, when the pencil was guided 
at once by the force of genius and the spirit of devotion, — to trace also the 
progress of that enchanting art which nature — nt least in modem limes — 
■pprars to have withheld from every other country to lavish with a pBrtial 
hand and more willing profusion on tbe Land of Song , — great as would be 
tht acquirements which could embrace these subjects, much more would be 
required before anything like a mental picture of this eitniordinary people and 
country could be presented. Why. one branch of art alone, its architecture, 
in its rise forming a coonecling link between the ancient and modem, would 
of it«elf almost demand the labour of a life ! And how much even now do 
we omit to make the hisH)ry of art complete I Large portions of its noble 
nlleries are unseen by any stranger's eye; many of its costliest cabinets 
h&Te never been explored by any foreign hand. We recoUecl no traveller 

* Hut rxlnordiiury niiui Conatnatiiie Africanni, a oilirc of CarCba^, may be 
coB«dct«d u ■ Ifiie qf IS* moil Tmartabit tthilan afthi middir aga. He lud 
(nmllisd for Uiitty-nine year* lo Egypt, to India, lo Pereia, lo the remotesC parts 
■>f th« known world, in pnrauil of knowledge, and. according to tlie en cyclop vtlianl 
cnmprahmsi'eDen of the itndio of that epoch, had embracnl nith one vaat ioulU- 
gnire all thai eontd aod could not b« known ; could nad and write all dead and living 
l>nKn*i:««, had conierwd «iih tbe highlit Uterary cbaraclert of the east and west, and 
bcBtm Ihem ai tbeir own weapon* at public and private debates i had aearcbed. col- 
lected, and trantlaied all (he moat preciona treaanrei of Greek, Chsldaic, and Arabic 
lore i aoil, after b»i\ag been togatd about from land to land, and peraecnted and 
iMDubed ai beretic and sorcerer, lie found a ihelter from envy and ignorance at tbe 
court of the Nonnaos in Apulia, under whoee patiunoge he resided at Salerno, until, 
derming even tbat acbuol an unaafe harbour againit the tespeata of life, he retired 
In tlte monaattrrji of Monte Ca^sino. "here be never loat lixht of bis fatounte pnmiir 
lo the ind of his d*yi.~ See Miriotti'i View of the Hiilor; and Utenture of Ital;. 



4 



4 



CliHrUs Ditkens's Pictures from Italy. 



[Juiyv 



of oor own country who has given any account of that beautiful miniaturg 
sculpture which is »oen glowing on the onyx, the cnmeo. and other costly 
gems ; or of the DO less matchleijB forms of beauty rising from the silver wir- 
face of the coins of Sicily and lonia;orof the drawings of the ancient musters, 
those faithful guides to our knowledge of their purpose and iiit«nt in their 
finished and elaborate pictures. Each of these branches of art, of which 
two are only to be found in Il&ly (as pearls in their native bed,) in their 
proper fonn and lustre, seem entirely to have escaped observation, or not met 
with that tuste and acquirement which could estimate and explain their 
trauscendunt worth and Iteauty, Then we should require to bo informed of 
the living as of the dead, and turn to the workman as well as (o his work. 
We must become ucqiuiiTited with tlie spirit of their modern institutions, the 
government, the laws under which this nntioual mind has been developed 
and improved. We must be admitted into those social and domestic circles 
which would unfold to us the private feelings and habits and intercourse 
of the inhabiiants ; and, lastly, we must possess that warmth of feeling 
and delicacy of laslo which would make the very land we trod on as a 
«acred spot under our feet, which would animate and fill the splendid 
scenery we viewed with historic forma and deeds of imperishable fame, and, 
as we journeyed on, from every alpine height, and from every myrtle plain, 
— from every forest dark with its gigantic pine, and every sunny shore 
glowing with its cBstem palm, — we should build up in our iancy a princely 
coronet once more to adorn Ausonia's aged browH, and hear from every 
solitary echo a voice that apoke of brighter days to arise over the i-ilenl 
and melancholy decay of a " forlorn and weary land." The task, how- 
over, which is too laborious for one, uiuy be divided among the exertions 
of many. Nor have wc wanted men of talent, scholars, antiquaries, and 
artists, who have gone forth well InstructtHl in their respective branches 
of knowledge ; so tbnt we have reaped much information from the result of 
their successful labours. Still there was ample room for one who should 
catch thelivingmanncrs,of the coimtry as they rise; who, gifted with a quick 
perception, a diacriminoting judgment, habits of observntJoii, knowledge 
of human nature, and hapiiy powers of embodying bis thoughts in Ibd- 
gunge, should sun'ey the different walks of life, and give us lively por- 
traitures of the natural manners, and the most striking peculiarities of the 
people ; the artificial systems of the groat, and the indigenous habits of the 
vulgar ; peep behiud the mask of the carnival, creep through the corridor of 
the convent, listen to the intrigue of the boudoir, paint like Watlcau the 
evening promenade in the ilex lawns of the Borghese gardens ; or, like Jan 
Steen, mingle with the rustic crowd tlial are tuning their light guitars, and 
emptying their sunny wine-flasks round the porch of the Albergo Meloni. 
There would be no want of amusing uontratlt in such a land of lights and 
■hades as this, if the pencil could be found to mark them. There might 
be seen, for instance, the most republican country in Europe with a 
despotic king on every throne ; the mont irreverent portion of all Catho- 
licism living at Rome under the Pope's eye. One might see a priest 
saying mass beside the naked statues of the (iraccs, and might hear 
churchmen invoking the heathen gods as if they never had heard of the 
New Testament. One might find picturett of Venus and the loves on the 
gates of St. Peler's, and hear nf people sent to prison for not communi- 
cating at Eaater ; listen to a mother talking of her daughter having a ^t 
oftavi!, as if she hud bad a fit of the ague or a fever ; hear of a celebrated 



» 



I 



1846.] Charles Dickens's PIrturea from ttalt/. 

author dying of laughter on being- told of his nisterV infamy ; look at a r 
of akeletons sitting dressed in green silk gloves and red velvet slippers ; 
listen to a Capuchin friar mumbling his prayers on the very spot where 
Cicero lived ; and see the Bishop of TivoU taking tithes of the corn growing 
on the fields of Horace's Sabine farm. The pencil that drew Gil Bias 
could have done this, and we had enpected the same from the author of 
the Kckwiek Papers. When l.e Sage, in hia inimitable novel, painted 
Spanish intrigues and Spanish character, he understood the Spanish 
language ; but Mr. Dickens's mistake was in dcacribiog the interior of a 
houK, when he did not possess the key which unlocked the outer door. 
H« went to Italy not knowing a word of the Italian language : he could 
aee, hut he could not speak. His "brave courier" was his interpreter; 
bis winged Mercury, the tongue of hia mind ; and so the bright original text 
waa turned into a dull prosaic column of " interpretation" at the side of it. 
It bextremely difficult for an Englishman in Italy to get admission into the 
saloons of the great : few advance beyond the hospitable banker's door. 
Without an intimate knowledgcof the various provincial dialects,and a quick, 
isstiDctive nicety of ear, it is impossible to understand the humours and 
allusions of the common people; and so Mr. Dickens must have been 
content to wrap his mantle about him, and be a silent spectator of the land 
he weut to dwell in and describe. 

When Milton visited Italy, he brought to that country a mind enriched 
by long years of intense study in all that related to her history and literature, 
ancient and modem. lie wrote in the language of ancient Rome ; he con- 
versed in the dialect of modern. To what the Italians called an " angel'a 
beauty " he added, what they no less admired, a '* scholar's knowledge." 
How they received him and bow they admired him, let their letters — let their 
poems tell .' How honoured he was at Florence and at Rome ! How 
dear too he was to Manso, who had been Tasao'a friend I 

With genius only iuferior, and with acquirements perhaps as great, in 
later times Gray also resided when young in the land of song, and rich wu 
the harvest of knowledge which he there piled up for fiiture use, as we 
hare had verj- peculiar opportunities of knowing. Scholar, artist, musician, 
poet, all were united in high escellence in his single mind ; and England 
may well be proud whcu men, gifted as these men were, go forth to pay 
their homage to the land from whose hand they had drawn the pure " nec- 
taJTCOus stream," and to imbibe through the eye a living picture of those 
•cnif^ on which memory and fancy had so long loved to dwell. It cannot 
be otherwise : travel where we may, if we bring nothing, we carry nothing 
away. When tee were in Italy nothing oppressed us so much as the constant 
feelmg of our ignorance ; we knew that we were living among treasures of 
" unsummed gold " that it would take lives to cihaust ; we saw everj'thing 
bat in a dim mysterious twilight ; we gathered only a few wild leaves &om 
every scattered branch : and what, alas ! does memory hold now in her 
frail and faithless hands ? a handful of dust plucked from the Eonim ; a 
witbered violet that bloomed unseen on Prestum's marble plain ! But all 
this b fiir back in the past ; long years of clouds and darkness have rolled 
between, — and yet we still seem at distant intervals to breathe the fragrant 
air of its enchanted shores, — and majestic figures pass and repass, in severe 
and solitary beauty, before our eyes, as they alone were the rightful inha- 
httanta of that terrestrial paradise; and sounds, too, are sometimes heard by 
a>> sncb Sfi the world owns not uow, — sounds of immortal song, rising, 




U 



Charles Dickens's /'■'. 



1 Il«{y. 



[Jul.v. 



xiled poet's grave, that fall in ull tbeir sltni 
r, like the ciaahing of chains of udanmiil hL<ard 



for so tfaey seem, A-om the c 
indignant granileiir dq tlie ea 
from that dpscrted sboro. 

We tfaiiik Mr. DickcnB would have better consulted his geDiua and hia 
fame bad he thrown hit preieot narrative into the form of letters, as Sterne 
did ; it would hare suited better his style of writing, — been more lively 
and more dramatic. Or, if he could have formed the whole into stories,aj 
Madame do Statil threw her travels in Italy into Corinne, theu his inven- 
tions and his einbelliebmients, his Mrs. Davis and his brave courier, and his 
" raven " and k/c auui/uiliie, would not have been out of place i his present 
narrow range of allusion would have been concealed, and if there had been 
au entertaining story it would not have signified, if it had been written in 
England. However, the author of Nickleby, and Rckwick, and Bomaby 
Itiidge, and Oliver Twist, is a person of such genius that his readers must 
find some entertainment or instruction, even where the author himself 
obtains no fame. It is quite evident that Mr. Dickens, in all his descrip- 
tions, brings very largely into use his own inventive resources : a singla 
idea wilt in his mind soon sprout into a thousand hciid:i. He lives, as 
Mousicur Delaville lived, in a house full of masks ; he has a dramatic 
wardrobe, fitting every characler he likes to create ; and he baa been so 
long used to the coloured glasses of the slage-lights, that he docs not care 
to use the plain spectacles of common life. We trust in his tranquil sojouni 
in Switzerland that he will have leisure to return to his old and favourite 
studies, in which he is sure to deserve and to commaud success. There he 
is in his proper and native element ; there he may with contidence unfurl 
on«! more the prosperous sails of his genius, and spread his flowing canvass 
freely to the winds, 

In the specimens we are about to give from the volume, wo thought at 
first of making a cbissificatiDn of the subjecbi, and of throwing them under Uie 
classes of description, obscn'ations of manners, humour, &C. ; but, after all, 
it appears best to lake the subjects as they follow each other in Mr. 
Dickens's narrative, as perhaps more pleasing from the contrasts, and 
more in harmony with his own arrangements, ile begins, as we might 
expect, with the theatre : — 

" Thr tboat™ of Papppln or M«rionetti of courts, sad as if he wen 

— sf^mouicompaaylrum Milan — ii.nitb- spiriu are prodigious. He ooutlDustlj 

oatanyexception, the drallesteibibition I ihakei bia Ivgii, und wioki his eye. And 

CTur beheld ia mf life. I never saw taj there is a hnvf father with grey hiir, who 

thing ea eic|DULtel; ridicalonii. Thef siti down on therfgulBroonienlloiial auge- 

/Doi between four uid five feet high, but bank, and bleieea hia daugbterintbe rega. 



■e really much imsller ; for i 
eIiu in [he orcheatra hapjieni to put hi* 
hst nil the atage, it becomes ularmingly 
KlgnDtii', and almost blot* out an attor. 
They utually pisy ■ comedj, and a boUct. 
The eomiu man in the comedy I ssw one 
lummer uigbt, ia a wsiter at aa hotel. 
There never wsa aueh a joeaniotire Bftor, 
since the world began. Great pains are 
taken with bim. He baa extra jointi in 
hia legs, and s practiosl eye, with which he 
winkt at the pit, in a manner that i* nb- 
■otutely Inauppnrtable to a ttrsnger. bat 
wluohtha initiated audience, maiDlrcom. 
pnied of Ibe eommon people, 



lar conTentionol way, who la tremendoae. 
No one Koiild suppose it posiible the 
any thing abort of a real idbd could be » 
tedious. It istbetriuojphofut. In the 
ballet, an enchanter rana away with ibe 
bride, in the very hour of her nuptial 
He bi-inga her to bia cave, and tries I 
■ootbe her. They sit doim on a soi 

ghe regular sofal in the regular placi 
.P. second entrance \) and s proceiiioa 
of muiicians enter; one creature playing 
a dmm. and knocking himielf off bis legs 
■t e>ery bloir. Tbete failing to deligbt 
her, dancera appear. Pour first; then 
two I Iht tWBi (bo fleah -coloured two. The 



Ihry do every thitig else) quite •■ a mttter way in which they dance ; the height t 



Charles Dickens's Pictiir 



1846.] 

*bicll thej tpring ; the fmpuuible >od in- 
human extent to wbioh Chejr pirouettB ; 
Iht revcUtJon of their prepOBttroiu Itgt ; 
the tninjni- down with »p«oie,on the very 
tipi ot tbt'u toes, when the music n- 
it; the ^mtleinan'i rellriog up. 



n Italy. 



guiud u in Englishman, cime to pn>- 
poimd B plan oreicnpe ; and bein^ disco- 
Tered, but Dot before Iv'stioleon htd totg- 
iianimouslr refund to alesl hti fteedoni, 
«» imniediBtelf ordrred o9 by Iao to be 
banged, in two lery long ipeetbes, whicli 
' 1. by winding up with 



when it it the lady's tarn i and the ludy s 

tettring up wheii it i» the gentleman'* ' jaa 1'— to ehow that he wa Engliih, — 

tarn; the final passion of a pasde-deui ; which brougbt dai>n ibuodert of ap- 

■nd (be going off with a bound ! — I shall plause. Napoleon was so alTectFtl by tbia 

turftr Ke a rrat ballet, with a compoied catastiopbe, that he fainted away on the 

gain. I went another night, spot, and waa carried out by two other 

Puppet! act a play, called puppeta. Judging from what followed, it 

Death of Napoleon.' woold appear Ibat he neier recuTered the 



II begin by the diacloiure of Napoleon, 



rad, seated o 



bis 



I 



■' ■ Sir Yew ud se on Low •.' (The ow, 

" Sir Hudson (that yon coald hiiTe 
■cm hit regimentals !) waa a perfect 
mammoth of a man, to Napoleon ; hi- 
deoaily ugly ; with a monitrouety diapro- 
ponionate face, and a great clump for the 



ibock ; for tlie next ai-l thowed bim. ii 
clean «btrt, in his bed (rurtuias -crimaon 
and iriirte), where a lady, preniattinrlf 
dreaaed in mourning, brought two little 
children, who kneeled down by the bed- 
side, while be madeaW'rnl end; the litt 
word on his Itji! being ' Vattcrlo.' It waa 
unspeakably ludicrous, Buonaparte's 
boats were ao wonderfully beyond con- 
trol, and did luch marielloas things of 
their own accord ; doubling thetoselTea 
Dp. and getting under tablet, and dangling 

.n the air. and sometimea akating away 



obdnnle nature. He began hia syttem with him, out of nil bun 

of prmcutiun. by calling his priaoner when be was in full speech .—miKchanoes 

* (leneral Baonaporte ;' to which the latter which were not rendered the lest abturd, 

nplied. with the deepest tragedy, ■ Sir by a seltkd uelancholy depicted in hia 

Vtw nil se on Low, cull me not thus, face. To put an end to one conferenea 

Repeat that phrase and leaTe mel I am with Low. he had to go to a table, and 

Napoleon, Emperor of Prance V Sir read a book; when it wai the tineat ipee- 

Yev odse on, nothing daunted, proceeded tacle I e>er beheld, to see hia body bend- 

JinaocBofthe ing over the -volume, likes boot-jack, and 



British Goiemmenl. re_ 
be abould pre*ene, and the ftirnilure of 
hi* itKUDS : aail limiting his attendants to 
fdo; or fite person*. ' Pour or five for 
■at,' aaid Napoleon. ' Me '. one hundred 
thiraaitid men were lately at my sole com- 
mand, and thisEngliabofficer talks of four 
«Tft*B(or me." Thronghont the piece, Na- 
(who talked Terr like the real Ns- 
, and wit. for ever, baling imallto- 
ijlaqiiiti by bimtelf) was tery bitter on 
• Hietc English otBcrn,' and ' these 
EngUab toldieia,' to the great (atisfaclioD 
of Ika audieBce, who were iierfeclly de^ 
Ilt^Unl to bate Loie bullied ; and who, 
wbeneaer tour said ' Gearral Bonaparte.' 
(•hkh be always did : always receiTing 



■otimenlil eyes glaring oMinalely 
if pit. He w^ prodigiously good, 
I, with an immense collar to bit 
and bis little bands outside the eo- 
. So was Dr, Antommarchi repre- 
sented by a puppet witli long lank hair, 
like Mawworm't, who. in consequence of 
aome derangement of his wires, hoiered 
about the couch like n Tultnre, and gate 
poleon.andirii.loreter, bating imallto- medical opinions in the air. He waa al- 
telaqiiiti Jiy bimtelf) was tery bitter on moat as good ai Low, though the latter 
was great at all times — a decided brute 
aod iilloin, beyond all possibility of mii- 
Uke. Low was eipecialiy fine at the 
last, when, bearing the doctor and the 
tnlet Bay ■The F.mperor is dead!' be 
pulled out hi* watch, and wound op the 
the same cotreeiiooj qoiie eiecraieanim. piece (not the watch) by exclaiming, with 
II would be hard to tay why ; for lialiana characteristic btulatily. ■ Ha ! ha ! Eletea 
hate little cause to aympathise with Napo- minutes to lii I The General dead 1 The 
leiw. H eaten knows. There was no pint spy banged !' Tliii brought the curtain 
■t all, eicept that a French offlcei, dis- down triuiDphantlj,'' &,c. 




e company departs, anoUier e 



" It was matt delicious weather when 
«m»e into Modena, where the darltnets 
ef the aomhre colonnadra oter the fool- 
«sji« tiining the main ttrcet on either 



lide, was made refreshing and agreeable 
ly the bright *kji to wiindeifnlly blue, t 
nssed from all the gloty of the day into 
I dim catbednl, where high mass waa jicr- 



Charles Dickens's Picture* from hall/. 



t-InV, - 



liBveiiicat of tUo tairn : whkb^ 

Britani. The proceuioD wu 
1 cloae, bf lome doien inda- 
irriors of diffifrent nationj, 
ind two, and baaghtily luricy- 
ing tns lame populition of Modena : 
imoni; Mham, howEcer, thej oocaciotiallf 
condcBceudfld to aoatter lorj^cifiC in the 



RoniBiu. 
brought 
mitable 



ing among 



the t.ui 



1 tiled off. 






forming, fccblo tapcri were burning, 
peopls were kneeling in all directinni be- 
fore all manner of ahrinea, and oaiviating 
ptieati were crooning the usual cbsnt. iu 
tbe Moal lo». dull, dranling, melanchol^r 
tone, ThinkiDK lioir itrange it wu ' 
find in ever; atagnaiit town, thii lams 
hurt beating witb the aame motiotonoua 

Enliatian, (he centre of the Hme torpid 
»lle«» ajiitenii I I'amo out by another 
door, and waa luddenly acared to death 
by a blait from the ahrilleit (tumpet that claiming Ibat c 
prer wu blown. Immediately came tear- with blaat a' ' 
ing round the corner an eqnettrian com* by the othrr 

pany from Ptria, m arah ailing them leUea new and greatly increaunldulDeia behind, 
under the walla of the church, and flout- Whentheproceaiion had aaentirely paiaed 
ing witb their boraea' heela, the griffins, away, that the ahrill trnmpet waa mild in 
lions, tigers, and other monsters in atono (be distance, and tbe tail of the last horae 
and marble, Hecoratiug its exterior. First was hopelessly round the corner, the 
(hFFB came a atately nobleman with a people, who bad come out of the rhnrch t« 
great deal of hair, and no hat, bearing an starD at it, went back again. But Dn« old 
enormouf banuer. on which was inscribed lady, kneeling on the naremcnC within. 
MAZBPP.V ! TO NIGHT1 1 Then a netr the door, had seen it all. and had 
Mexican chief, with a great jwar-ihaped been immenaely interested, ttithont get- 
club on hii ahoaldor, like Uereulea, Then ting up ; and this old ladjr'a eye, at that 
ail or eight Roman ebarlota, each with a Juncture, I happened to catch i to oar 
beaolifol lady, in eitremely ahorl pelti. mutual confusion. She cut our emW- 
itoats, and unnaturally pink tights, erei:t rassment very abort, however, by crossing 
within : shedding beaming looks upon the herself devoutly, and going down at full 
erowd. in which there was a Intent ex- length, on her face, before a figure in a 
presiion of dLicomposurc and anxiot)-, for fancy pcttivost and a gilt crown ; which 



which I could not acconnt, until. aattjc open 
back of earhchariotpresentediiaelf, I saw 
tbe immense diRleuity With whith the pink 
legs maintained th«r perpendicular, over 



■ so like 01 



of tl 



iproce, 



n figure. 



t perhapa at this hour she may Iliink 



The waiter at / tre Mori is pleasaiilly hit off. 



ulogna being very full of toarista, de- 
there by an inandation whinh ren- 
the road to Florence impaaiable, I 
latlered up at the lop of an Hotel, in 
l-of-the-way room, which I never 
d find, containing a bed. big enough all. He ki 



the Seeroa aertsn 



; Ihsl was 
„ ^ « all abont him, he said. In 
aboardingschool. which 1 conldn'tfall proof of it. be connected him with encry 
aalcep in. The chief among the waitera posiible topic, from the Mnnte Pulciano 
who viiited thi» lontly retreat, whtrro wine at dinner, (which waa grown on an 
there waa no other company hut the swnl- estate he hsd owned,) to the big bod 
lows in the broad eaves over the window, itaelF, which was the very model of hia. 
waa a man of one idea in connection with When I left the inn. be coupled with his 
the Englieb ; and'theaubjectof Ibis harm- linal bow In tbe yard, a parting asaarance 
less monomBoia was Lord Byron. I thdt the ruad by which I was going, had 
msde the discovery, by acoidentaUy te- been Milor Beeron's favourite ride; and 
marking U> him at breakfast, that the before the borae's feet had well begun to 
matting with which the floor was covered clatter on the pavement, he ran briskly up 
was miry comfortable at that season, when stairs again, 1 dare aay, to tell tome 
ho inniediatcly replied that Milor ntetan other Englishman, in aorne other solitary 
had been much attached to that kind of room, that (he gocil who had just de- 
matting. Observing, atthciame moment, parted was Lord £rfraii'( living image." 

enthusiasm, that Milor BetroH bail uever 



r dis.ippparp, another .rillrr lakes the ehnir for 






1846.] 



Cliarles Dickens's Picture/ from Italy. 



" Tbei« wu ■ poatilioD, 
of this dij'a journey, as irili! 
good-Jaokiag a lagibond, i 
dairr to ■«. He wu a ull, noui-muiF, 
daik'CumplMioner] fcilo*, nith a prora- 
>ioa of >b>ggj black hair hsogiag ill oier 
hU facf , and great black vhUkcre stratcb- 
iet doWD hia throat. Hit drcia irsa ■ 
tan) init of rifle green, gsroithei) bere and 
thrre with red : a iter pie-crow aed hat, 
iiinoetut nf nap, vilh a broken and be- 
dnfgkd leather ataek in the band ; aud 
a flwying red nei-k-kerebief banging on 
bia (boulders. Ke an not in the saddle, 
bst repoaed. quite at bia ease, oa a lort of 
lo* footboard In front of the pontchaite. 
down tnoog the horses' tails — convenieDt 
fur hafing bia braiat kicked out at any 
■" Ihia brigand the Brai 



(be coune it was mo 

idiaiagel; flung np h 

7on would horaet : ani 

tout- made, somewhere 



Cour 



nabie 



B like a home-made bow) ; 

i heeli, moch higher than the 
diaappcared, in a paroiyam, 

ia the neighbourhuod of 

e. I fully expected lo <ee 
him Ifing in the road, a hundred yardi 
behind, but op came the ilee pie- crowned 
hat again, next minute, and he wbi seen 
repoaing. a> on a sofa, entertaining bin)- 
trir with the idea, and crying. 'Hal ha I 
what next. Oh the devil) Faster too I 



dealinalion that night. I rentared. bj and 
by, lo rcgieat the experiment on m; owd 
arcount. It produced exactlj the tame 
effect. Round Sew the whip witli the same 
rooroful flouriih, up eame tbe heels, down 
went the ateeple-crovnrd hat, and pr^ 
eentlj be re-appeared, reposing as before, 
and aa;ing to himself, - Ha 1 ha ! What 
neil. Falter loo! OhthedotU! ShtW— 



happened to suggest the practicabiUc; 
of going I'lSier. He receitedthe proposal 
with a |>erfecl yell of derision ; brandi-hed 
hU whip about his bead (sacb a whip ) 

The following is a sketch of Alpine sepner7, a snow piece, fresh with 
tbe author's first impressions of those awful solitudes,— the barriers of 
nations,^ — the oceans of the earth. 

"It was laiB in NoTember; and tbe went climbing on our rugged way higher 
•BOW lying fuar or fne feet thick in the sod higher, all night, without a mo- 
bealcD mail on tbesummtt. (in olherparN mrnt'a wearine-s, lust in the cootempla- 
tbe DC* drift was alrrady deep,) the air lion of the black rocks, the Iremen- 
waa pierdng cold. But the serenity of dous heights and depths, the lielda of 
tbe nigbi and the grandeur of ibe mad. amooth snow lying in tbe clefta and bol- 
•ilh ila iiupenetruble shadows and deep lows, and the fierce torrents tbnndering 

"'" ■ '" " - - headlong down the deep abyaa. Toward! 

daybreak ire came among the snow, where 
a keen wind was blowing fienely. Harinj; 
with some trouble awakened Ibe inmate* 
of a wooden houie in this solitude, round 
which tbe wind was howling dismally, 
cstcbing up Che mow in wreaths, and 
burling it away -, we got some breakfast 
in a room built of rough timbers, hut 
well wanned by a stove, and well con- 
trived, as it had need to be, for keeping out 
the bitter storms. A sledge being then 
made ready, and four horses hariieased to 
il. we went ploughing through the snow; 
still upward, but now in tbe cold light of 
inoming, aad with the great white desert 
on which we travelled pIsJD and clenr. 
the rock We were well upon the summit of the 
pierced, the mountain, and bad before us the mde 



mar of (ailing water, rendered tbe journey 
more and more sublime at every step. Soon 
leaving the calm Italian villages below us, 
deeping in the moonlight, the road began 
to wind among dark trees, and after a 
time emergeil upon a barer region, lery 
aceep and toilsome, where Ihemoon shone 
brighl and high. By degrees the roar of 

Iaatrr grew londer. and the stupendous 
track, after crossing tbe torrent by a 
bridgVi slmek iu between two maiiive 
perpendioular walla of rock that quite shut 
out the moonlight, and only left a few 
Mars shining in the narrow atrip of sky 
•bore. Then eiren " ' . . • -. 

thick darkness of i 
IhrODgb which th( 
t« 
ci 
h. 
t 
lb 
s 
: 



4 

4 



terrible atarvd thundering and roaring cross of wood denoCingitt greattsCaltitada 

idoM below it, and its foam and spray above tbe tea, when the light of the rising 

JiBDfilig in a aiat about tbe cnlronce. sun struck all at once upon the waste of 

Emerging from this caTe, and coming snow, and turned it a deep red. Tha 

•^n Into the moonlight, and across n lonely grandeur of tbe scene wks then at 

AiiT bridge, it crept and twisted upward ita height Taking to oar 

through tbe Gorge of Gondo. savage and wheels again soon afterwards we began 

graad bvyond description, with smooth' rapidly to descend, passing under ever- 

nontadprtcipicn, rising up on cither hand, laaUng glacier* by means of arched gal- 

~i altiMt ■ncellnc overhead. Thus we leriee, hiuig with Dlusteis of drlppinB 
G»T. Mao. Vol.. XXVI. C 



10 



Charles Dickens's Pieturetfivm half. 



CM. 



icideSf under and over foaming wateifills, 
sear places of refnge and galleries of 
ibelCer against snd&n danger, thronffli 
caverns orer whose arched roofii the 
ATalanches slide in spring, and horj 
themselves in the nnknoim gulf heneath. 
Down, over loftj hridges and through 
horrible ravines, a little shifting speck in 
the vast desolation of ice and mow, and 
monstrous granite rocks ; down, through 
tiie deep Gorge of the Saltine, and deafened 



by the torrent phmging mad^ down amoDg 
the riven blocks of rock into the leva 
country ftur below. Gradually down by 
sig-sag roads, lying between an upward 
and a downward precipice, inCo wannflr 
weather, calmer nr, and softer soenerr, 
until there lay before us, ^ttering liie 
gold or sUver in the tiiaw and mnshlBe^ 
the metal covered, red, green, yellow 
domes and church spires of a Swiss 
town," &c. 



The following is a ^thful portrait of the lovely scenery which it 
describes, and on which our recollection hangs with some touches of pride 
and satis&ctiony for that we were the first, the very first, who ever traveraed 
that beautiful road which winds along this enchanted cosit, long bafore it 
was opened for public use. 



** There is nothing in Italy more beau- 
tiful to me, than the coast-road between 
Genoa and Speszia. On one side, — some- 
times far below, sometimes nearly on a 
level with the road, and often skirted by 
broken rocks of many shapes, there is 
the free blue sea, with here and there a 
picturesque fel(ica gliding slowly on ; on 
the other fdde, are lofty hills, ravines be- 
sprinkled witli white cottages, patches of 
dark olive woods, country churohes with 
their light open towers, and country 
houses gaily painted. On every bank and 
knoll by the wayside, the wild cactus and 
aloe flourish in exuberant profusion ; and 
the gardens of the bright villages along 
the road, are seen, all blashing in the 
Btmimer-time with clusters of the bellso 
donna, and are fragrant in the autumn 
and winter with golden oranges and le- 
mons. Some of the villages are inhabited, 
almost exclasively, by fishermen ; and it 
is pleasant to see their great boats hauled 
upon the beach, making little patches of 
dbade, where they lie asleep, or where the 
women and children sit romping and 
looking out to sea, while they mend their 
nets upon the shore. There is one town, 
Camoglia, with its little harbour on the 
aea, hundreds of feet below the road : 
where families of manners live, who, time 
out of mind, have owned coasting-vessels 
in that place, and have traded to Spain 
and elsewhere. Seen from the road above, 
it is like a tiny model on the margin of 
the dimpled water, shining in the sun. 
Descended into, by the winding mule- 

The scenery of the marble quarries of Carrara has never, to one's know>^ 
ledge, been so faithfully, or picturesquely described, as in the present vo- 
lume. We extract a small portion. 

" As you toil and clamber up one of or two lower down, ycfu hear, every now 

these st^ gorges, Igient that run up itUo and then, echoing among the hills, in a 

tk$ Irflff marbh kUlt,] having left your low tone, more silent than the pmviona 

pofty toddefting his girths in water, a mile silence, a melancholy warning bugl^i— a 



tracks, it is a perfect miniature of a pri- 
mitive seafaring town ; the saltest, rough- 
est, most piratical fittle place that ever 
was seen. Chreat rusty iron rings and 
mooring-chains, capstans, and frag ment! 
of old masts and spars, choke up the way; 
hardy rough-weather bouts, and seamen's 
clothing, flutter in the little harbonrv or 
are drawn out on the sunny atones to dry ; 
on the parapet of the rude pier, a few 
amphibious looking fellows lie asleep, 
with their legs dangling over the wall, ia 
though earth or water were all one to 
them, and if they slipped in, they would 
float away, dosing comfortably among the 
fishes ; the churdi is bright with trophies 
of the sea, and votive offerings, in com- 
memoration of escape fh>m storm and 
shipwreck. The dwellings not immedi- 
ately abutting on the harbour are ap- 
proached by blind low archways, and by 
crooked steps, as if in darkness and in 
difficulty of access they should be like 
holds of ships, or inconvenient cabins 
under water ; and every where, there is a 
smell of fish, and seaweed, and old rope. 
The coast-road whence Camoglia is de- 
scried so far below, is famous, in the 
warm season, especially in some parts 
near Genoa, for firt-JUn, Walking 
there, on a dark night, I have seen it 
made one sparkling firmament by these 
beautiful insects ; so that the distant stars 
were pale against the flash and glitter that 
spangled every olive wood and hill-side, 
and pervaded the whole air,'* &c. 



1M<0 



Chkrln Dukeiu'i PictvrMfivm Ilaly. 



u 



liptil to the minen to withJraw. TImb, 
tkm i« ■ tfaBDdcrint, uid echoing from 
UU to hUl, mil |>crluip> A Bplubia; ap of 
peal InfBiHiU of Rwk iato the air: ■sd 
•■ fou (oil i^n aaiil lome otlier ba;le 
■oODib, ia a oaw JiivrtlDn. aod jon stop 
directlji. ImI )du thouU ciiuie withio the 
amft of the ntw eiptoiuiii. There were 
wtMbcr* of mCD, wackiof- liigh up in (heu 
Ulk— on ibe lidiM — clearing vnj. anil 
- — "- 1 icm the broken i 



ten pair, twenly pair, la oat block, aa- 
cordin; to iti lite; iaira it mutt coirB, 

tbin way. In their ttrnggling from ttoaa 
(o stone, with thrir enoriDou^ toidt be- 
hind them, the; die freijaeollj npon the 
spot ; and ant they alone ; for thnr pai- 
sionite driien. lametimea tumbling down 
in their GDcr);f . are crushed to death be- 
ueath tbe wh«el>. But it wu good Rtb 
hundred ytari ago. and it must be good 
railroad down oDc o( thru 



hundred ytai 



and Mrth to make way for the blocka of Bleeps (tbe eatied thing in the worldl 

■arblt (kat had been discovered. Aa would he flat blaapbemy. When ne ttaod 

Ann oana rolling dowu from noHen uide, to ate one of lliese can drawn by 

haalt iato tbe narrow talley, 1 could not only a pair of oieii, (For it had but one 

5 of the deep glen (juil the small block of mirhle od it) coming 

gini) where ifae roc left down. 1 hailed, in my heart, the man nho 

Sinbad tha Sailor ; and where th< rocr- sat npoo tbe heavy yoke, to keep it on the 

ebaata from the height* abate, Sung neck of the poor bFustt — and who faced 

down great pirf« of meat (or thn dii- backward; not before him—u ihe very 

moaitia ^cV to. There wens no eagtea devil of true dapotiam. He bad a great 

> daiken Ihe nio in Iheir ewoup, rod id bis hand, with in iron point : and 



htip tUnklngoi 
■Ma aort rf g 



these periuasi 



when they could plough and farce their 
way through the loo>e bed of the torrent 
O longer, and came to a stop, be poked it 
iDio their bodie>< beat it on iheir beads, 
Krewed it round and round in their noa- 
Irili. got them on a yard or two, in the 
in ! repealed all 
acres acd inieniUy 
when they atopped again ; got 
ihem on once more; Forced and goaded 
er point of Ihe deiceat ; 
■Tithing and iinarling, 
rhind ihem, bore them 
plunging down the precipice in a cloud of 
scattered water, whirled oil rod aboTe hi* 
bead, and gace a great whoop and bailo, a* 
if he bad echiered something, and bad do 
idea that they might sbske liiu off. and 
ndly mash his hraint npon Ihe road in 
' noon-tide of hii triumpb," ftc. 



■ u]>oD them : but il 
Vild and fierce aa if there had been ban 
dreda. Beit the road, tbe road down 
whiob the marble comes, however i' 
meat the blocks '. Tbe geaina of I 
eowHry. and the sjiirit of its taititntioi 
^c Ac road t repair il, walcb it, keep 
It (aing I Conceice ■ channel of water 
nwniog over a rocky f>cd. he«et with great 
bnpt of itooe of til ibapri and s' 
wiodbif down the middle of this Tilleyi tnem to sn a 
■ad flar hefng the road — becaose it was sn<t when t 
tb> TDad tivc hundred j«ari agof— Ima- and the weit 
fine Ihe rtnmiy carta of five hundred 
inv igo, being uied to this boar, and 
dnwn, ■ tbey aied to be fire hundred 
y<Bn igo. by o»n, whole incRtora were 
aoro to death fi*e hundred yesra ago. as 
tbtn unhappy desMndsntt are now, in 
twdre moolhf , b* thi> auSerin;; and agony 
of (U) cr«d work. Two pair, toar {uir. 

This is a spiriunl (lescriplioii. but il ends, as usual, with a comic opera, 
perfonned in the village, which Mr. Dickens honoured with his pKwnce, 
•itting of Murse in tbe ttagi box. 

Mr. Dickens wc take to be the only lourisl, to whom Pisa would suggest 
SL PkoI'* Churchyard, and Mr. Harris, the jmblisher of children t books. 

a ihorl reality. 



4 



"The moon waa shiDing when we ap- 
proached fiaa. and for a long time we 
eoaU iM behind Ihv wall Ibf leaning 
tttatr, ail awry ia the nnwrtain light ; the 
ikadowT original of the old pictures in 
■eboal-booki, setting forth ' the Wonders 
«f the World.' Like most things con- 
■«<«ed in Ibeia GrttaHDCialioas withMhool- 
iMoha and wbool -times it was too amall. 
I fall il kemly. It was nalhing like txi 
U^ nbove Ihe wall aa I bad hoped. It 
«M ■■adMt of the many drCFpriou proe- 
(tat ly Ur. Uarru, iookirUtr. al Iht 
mrmnf9l.P—d'tCiiirthyard, Lon4o». 
■l toMT WM > AcOCM, but tUi ra 



realitv, aadhycomparJBoD 
StiL I't looked very well, and verj (trjuige, 
and wa» quite aa muth oaf n/ IMt /«r- 
pendicular ti Hcrrii had ftpreinled II 
lo be. The quiet air of I'ita, loa. Ihe bi| 
gwrdhoutc at the SnW, with only two littl* 
wldiers in it, Ihi- strecta with scarcely any 
show of people in them, and the Amo 
flowing ;aai'n(/y through tbe centre of 
tbelowu, were cacellent. Su 1 bore no 
ataliee in my JSeorf agaiatl Mr. Jfarrif, 
(remembering liii good intentions,) but 
forgave him before dinner, and went out 
full of coofiden.c to see the lower OMt 

moniag, lauchthave tnoiro lKtter,bM 



M 



13 



Chuks Dickou's Pietumfrom Itahf. 



[Joty, 



BOB of thri* atrvervre; nodusf cam bei 
reonrkmbie tkaa its 

In tike cpane uf rhe ajcmt to the tof 
t' which is by aa cmj ftBircue.) the m^ 
diostioa is boC very apparent, bat at As 
fUBmit it become* ao. and fiTo ooe tke 
iouatioQ of beinc in a ship that baa 
heeled over thioof h tbe action of an ebb 
tide. Tbe effect apon the Imte tide, ao t» 
apeak. looking over from the gallery and 
aeetnf the abaft recede to it» baiie, ia vny 
atartlin^ : and I aaw a aerroaa travellar 
hold on to the tower ia-.ohintanly after 
glaaciDf down, as if he had aooM idea of 
propping it ap. Tbe ▼ie^r within from tbe 
grooDd, looking vp as throogb a slaatiiif 
tabe, is alao very carious. It certaialy 
inclines as morfa aa the most saacaiae 
toorist coald desire. The natnral impalsc 
of ainety-aine people oat of a haadred 
who were aboat to recline opoa the graat 
below it to rest, and contemplate tbe 
adjacent bailding». woald probably be, aoC 
to take ap their poaitioa ander the >—"*■£ 
aide, it is ao rery mach aalaat.** &c. 

But frmn the Tower, and the wonders of early art in the Campo S«nto» 
and the haptutery, and the cathedral with its gates of glory, the author ia 
soon called off to topics more congenial to his pencil. 

" If PSaa be tbe arveath woader of the Nothing else is stirring bat 
world in right of its tower, it auy claim 
to be. at leaat, the secoad or third in right 
of iti begt^ar*. They waylay the anhappy 
▼iaiter at every torn, escort him to every 
door he eaters at, and lie ia wait for him 
with strong reinforoements at every door 
by which they know be mast come oat. 
Tlie grating of the portal oa its hingea 
ia the aignal for a geaeral ahoot, and the 
moment be appears he ia hemmed in and 
fallen opon by heaps of rags and penonal 
distortions. The beggirs seem to em- 
body an tbe trade and enterprise of Pisa. 

The Coliseum : — 



I had expected to see it 
its loof ibadow oa a pabiic street where 
people came and went all day. It was a 
sarpriae to me to dad it in a grave re- 
tired place apart firom the general resort, 
aad carpeted with sawoch green tnrf. 
Bat tbe groap of baildiags rlastered on 
and aboat this verdant carpet, comp.-isinf 
the tower, the baptistery, the cathedral, 
aad the Charch of the Campo S«aro, is per- 
hapa the moat reauukahle aad beaatifBl 
in the whole world, aad from beia^ daa- 
tcred there, together, away from the ordi- 
Bory tranaactioas aad 4^taix]a of the town, 
they have a siagiJaHy venerable and im- 
prcaaive character. It is the architectaral 
atttkit of a rich old city, with all iu coos- 
Bioa life aad comnsoo habitatioas preaaed 
oat and filtered away. Sumamdi com- 
parca the tower to the asaal pictorial re- 
preaeatations ia diildren's books of the 
Tower of BabeL It is a happy simile, 
and convey! a better idea of the baildiag 
than chapters of laboared description* 
NotUag can exceed the grace and light- 



air. 

Going throagh the streets, /Ae/roa/t ^lAc 
9ietpjf honusM look iiJte bmek$. They are 
all so still aad qoiet, aad anlike hoaaaa 
with people in them, that tbe greater part 
of the city has the appearance of a city at 
daybreak, or during a general siesta of 
the popalation. Or it is yet more like 
those backgrounds of hoases in common 
prints* or old engravings, where windows 
and doors are s<)uarely indicated, and one 
fifure (a beggar «>f conr9«> is seen walku^ 
off by itself into illimiuble perspective.*' 



" Go to the Coliseum .... It is no 
fiction, buc plain, sober, honest trudi to say, 
to laggestive and distinct is it at this hour, 
that for a moment, actually in pasaing in, 
they who will may have the whole great 
ptte before them, as it uf ed to be, with 
thousands of eager fiitces staring down into 
tbe araoa, aad sach a whirl of strife, and 
blood, and dast goiag on there as no 
language can describe. Its solitnde, its 
awfolbeaaty, and its atter desolation,strike 
apon the stranger, tbe next moment, like 
a softened sorrow ; and never in his life, 
perhaps, will he be so moved and overcome 
by any aight, not immediately connected 
with bis own affections and afflictions. To 
see it crambling there, an inch a year ; its 
walla and arches overgrown with green ; 
its oorridon open to the day; the long 



grass growing in its porches ; young trees 
of yesterday springing op on its ragged 
parapets, and bearing fruit : chance pro* 
duce of the seeds dropped there by the 
birds who build their nests within itt 
chinks and crannies; to see its Pit of 
Fight filled up with earth, and tbe peace- 
ful cross planted in the centre ; to climb 
into its upper balls, and look down on 
ruin, ruin, ruin, all about it; tbe triumphal 
archea of Constaiitine. Septiniios Severus, 
and Titus ; tbe Roman Forum ; the Pa- 
lace of the Ccsars ; the temples of the old 
religion, fallen down and gtine ; is to tee 
tbe ghost of old Rome, wicked, wonderful, 
old city, haunting tbe very ground oa 
which its people trod. It is tbe most im- 
pressive, the most stately, tbe most lo- 
lemn, griod, majestic, moamM liglity 



ie«o 



Charles Dickens"!! Picluyet/yom Italy. 



13 



Moccinble. Never, in iti bloodiest prime, >nd then wnil ani through mil's of mined 

c*li (he >lgh[ of thegigintic Coliieum, rail tombs lod broken wiitls, *iih here and 

Ml mDoing ovtr iriib the lustiest life, there ■ drsolnU and UDinhibiWd house: 

lute noTrd one heart, ss it must miiTe sll past the Lircus of Kamolas. where the 

who look upon it no«, ■ ruin. God be coar-e of the churioti. the stations of Iho 

Ihankedi a tuio 1 As it tops the other jadges. competitors, and spectators, are 

ntas : ttinding there b mountain among yet as plainly to be seen is in old time : 



gn*es: so do its ancient infli 

liie all other temnuits of tbe old mjthi 

tegj and old butcher j of Borne, in ti 

Mtuv of the fierce and cruel Roman peo- thut 

pie, Tbe Italian face changes u the but n 

visiter approaches the city ; its beauty be- Apennl 

cooua devilish : and there is scsrccly one the wh 

CoanCoiauce inabondrcd, among the dm - ruin. 

SWO people in the atreels, that would not p'Clure 

b( at Itoine and happy in a renovated Co- arches : 

bnun to-morrow. llerenaaRouieiadeed A desert of decay, 

rt IhI ( and such a Rome as no one can beyond all expresalc 

liDlfiite in iln full and awful grandeur I in every stone that 

*" — *" * - - upon the Appian Wnj, 






or Cecilia Mel. 

luclosare, hedge, or siake, wall 

iway upon the open Campagna, wbrrr, no 

le of Rome, nothing is to be beheld 

■in. Except where the distant 

ne* hound the view upon the left, 

lOle wide prospect is one field of 

Broken aqueducts, left in the most 

sque and beautiful clusters of 

broken temples; broken tombs. 

' ' ibre and deiotato 

ind with a history 

ra the ground." 



Wc inndeted oi 

The following u one of tbe most lively and amusing little [)ictures in 
tbe book : b lively representation of what we thought the dullest »cene we 
ever witnessed : — 



" Some quarter of an hoar of this sort 
of pmgress brought us to the Corao ; and 
■nytbing sn gay, so bright, and lively as 
the whole scene there it would be difficult 
la imatinf. From all tbe innomerabte 
btlconiet, from the remotest and highest, 
no less than from the lowest and nearest, 
of briilit red. light green, bright 
ite and gold, were fluttering in 
tbe brilliant sunlight. From windows, 
and from parapets, and tops of houtes, 
■treamers of tberichett colours, and dn- 
KDoks of the gaudiest and most sparkling 
[wK* wrre flouting out upoo the street. 
Tlw buUdinga seemed to have been Lte- 
'nlljr tnnwd inside out, and to have all 
tfcrir gucly towards the highway. Shop 
IkoBti were taken down, and the windows 
flilad with eompuny. likebnicsata shining 
Urntrei doors were carried off their 
kingn, >nd long tapestried groves, hung 
*ilb garlanda of flowers and evtrxrefas. 
£spUyed within ; builders' scaffoldings 
wen gorgeons temples, radiant in sil- 
ver, gold, and crimson ; and in every 
BMk and comer, from the pavement to 
OM! chimney- lops, where women's eyes 
■Mid glisten, there they danced, and 
' * and sparkled like the light in 
Every sort of bewitching madness 
tna there. Little prtpusterous 
irlet jackets, quaint old stomachers. 
(Fieked than the imane^t bod dices ; 
(wlinei, s;r«iaed end light ss ripe 
CTTieS ; tiny Gitek csps, all awry, 
dinging to the dark ' '" " 



lUBging* 
Mk, whi 

tbe brilli 
■ and from 

^^_ itreamers 

^HTIw buUi 
^^Vnlljr tnti 
^^^1 tlirir gufi 

^■ikoBtswei 
^H flilad Willi 
^BUmtrei 



IS dead forgotten bj its o«raer, in tbe to- 
miill of merriment, as if the three old aque- 
ducts thst stdl remsin entire had brought 
Lethe into Rome upon their sturdy ■ri:hes 
that morning. The carriages were now 
three abreast, in broader placet four; 
often stationary for a long time together ; 
ilways one close mass of variegated bright- 



the whole I 



;tlull. 



through the st 
of a larger growth themselves. Id 
some the hones were richly caparitooed 
in magnificent trappings | in others they 
were decked from he>d to tail with flowing 
ribbons. Some were driven by coachmen 
vrith enormous double faces ; one face 
leering at the hones, the other cockiog 
its eitraordinsry eyes into the carriage; 
and boih mttling again, under the hail of 
sugir plums. Other drivers were attired 
si women, wearing long ringlets and no 
bonnets, and looking more ridiculaos in 
any real difficnlty with tiK horses (of which 
in such a coacsurse there wora a great 
iny) than tongue can tell, Or pen de- 



Ins 



idofsii 



ngiBtheci 



riagea, 




!, the handsome Roman 
men. tn see, and to be seen tbe belter, sit 
in tbe beads of the barouches, at this time 
of general license, with tbeir feet upon ihe 



-and ol 



' thefli 






ery wild, qu. 



, bold, 




dainty waists, the blessed shapes and 
laughing (aces, tbe free, good. humoured, 
gallant figures that they make! There 
were great vans, too, full of handsome 
girls — thirty or more together, perhaps — 
and the-iirosdiidei ibst aere poured iuto 
and poured out of tbese fairy lire-ihips 
ipUilied Che air with flowers and boa. 



M 



14 



CktriM Dickeni'B Picturetji-om Ilafy. 



[Jul 



bona (or ttm mlDntn nt ■ 
!»[(» deUyed loa| iu oiii 
li«gin 1 delibenlB en(igcnii 



Car- with their htme-tiil lUndtrd wt ap l| 

e would the mJilM ; ■ part; of gipif-womrn «■- 

tb oUier gigcd in UrrOic coDtlicl with ■ sbipful of 

rer win- Milor* ; ■ [DiD-mookcr an t pole. *ur- 

dowii and Uie tpeculon it Bomc upper rounded niib atniogc anim&la with pig*' 

bilcon; or window, jaiDin^ inthr friyand fac«>, and Iiddi' tsiti, tarried nndn their 

attacking both partiea. would rmptjr doWD ama. orworngracerQlly o<rer Ibeir aboold- 

(rtil bag! 0( confetti, tbat deicoaded likn rn ; cirriagea on carriage!, dmaei on 

a eland, and in an inatant made them dreaiea, Eolitun on coloun, crowda apon 

white an luilleri. Still earriagn an car- cruwda without end. Not man; actoal 

riaj^ea, drvaMs on dreaaa, roloun on cliarattera lustained, or rtpreaentad, 

ooionia, crrjird* njioo rmwdi. without pcrhapt, eotiaideriog the DBraber drtiued; 

end. Men and hora dinging to Ibe but the mnin picaiure of the aoene con- 

whecla of cmrbFi, ancl holding on behind, «iatin; in iia perfect good temper: in iti 

■nd following in their wake, and diving in br4j;ht, and inlinite. and flnihing i 



l' feci, to pick np aea 
tared Aowera to lell again. Hailtera on 
(bol (tbe drollcat generati]') in fantaatic 
axaggeratinaa of court droaan, aurreying 
tbe throng throxigfa enonnoui eye-glaaaivt, 
and aliiay« Irnniportnl nith an rtlacy uf 
loiB on Ibe diai^ox-crj uf any pacliculnriy 
old lady at a window. Long i 



indqiunrnt to the tnad 
hnmonr of the time — so abandonment to 
perfect, laeDnta^ioua, «o irreaiatlble, that 
the atcadieat foreigner lighta np to bia 
middle in l)owrr« aud angnr-plQina, like 
the wfldnt Roman of then all. and thinka 
of nothing olie till half.paat four o'olock, 
auddenly reminded (ro ' 



t the * 



ole 



bladdera at tlie cnda of aticki : 

full df madmen icreaming. and tearing to trumpel m 

the Uf<* i a coachful of grave mamelukea, b^a to clear the atrecl." 

WlietUer Mr. and Mrs. Ditvis Mtlet anywhere, except in the chatnben 
of Mr. Dii^keiifi' tunny, which Qiieeii \fab !b continually peopling with 
creaturos of her uwn, wp cunnut say : hut if creations iif the brain> ihey 
are 8ucb lu iiaturo and tnilh WDiitd delight tn own. It is wonderful what 
penons, invisible to mII nthers, men of gonitis rontriTe to see ! 

'■ We often encountereil in tbrae ex. Mr*. Dana, abe ioTeriably cut him abort, 
laiiwny of EngUah touriata, by laying ; ' TbrTC, God blest the man i 
' ' .... j^i^.^ worrit at t I don't luulorttand a 

Bord you aay, and ahouldu't if you wea 
ir Mr. Da<ia, to tdk 'till yoD wat bUck in the IWcc.' 
Mr. Davia atwaya had a louff-colonrad 
groat coat ou. and carried a gmi greasi 
mabrclla iu hia hand, aud had a alow 
furioaily cuaatantly ileiouring him, which 
priimptcit him to do catraardinury thinga, 
auch ai taking Ihs ootera off nrni in 
. and looking in bI the ashct aa if 






iiuinlau(7. Thr; 



a amall circle offrltnda. It wh im- 
notaibiu not to know Un. Diiia'i mmo. 
&om hrr being nlwaya iu great reqneal 
among her paity. and her party bring 
ererywhere. During the Holy woek. Iliry 
vara in epfry part tifnrry vxov of (eery 
oeremony. For arortDighl orlbreowHlia 
before It, tb«y were in nery tomb, and 
erery churub. and ersry rain, and etcrr 

S' stare gallery, and 1 hardly ever obicrted 
n. Dnvia to be ailent tor a moment. 
Deep under ground, high up in hi, PaUr'a, 
~ ~ a llic tJampagna, and "" 



they wrr« pickle*— and tractog o 
teriptiona with the farrite of hit ambrella, 
■nd aayiog with inlanae thoughirulneac, 
' Her«'a a B, you aav, and there'* a R, 
and ihiai* the way we gora on in, ia it >' 
habili occajiiaued hi* 



Jewi' ijuarter, Mr*. Daiia turned up i all being frequently Id 

tbe aame. I dou't tltiuk aha ever utv and one of the agouie* of Mr*. Daiia and 

anything, or eirr looked nt anything: and the jiarty in general, waa an ner preaent 

iba bad always lo*t aomatbing out of a tear that Davi* would be lost. Hiii 

■tra« hand-baaket, and waa trying to find >:fuaed tbem to acrcani for hlin in the 

it, wilh all her mighi and main, amonji ttrangeat pUcw, and at the moal im- 

aa iumtnaa i(uuitity of Englikb half- proper aeaaona i and when be cam* alowly 

penGc. which lay, like aaudi upon the aea (merging out of aomo ai'pulohre or other, 

ahore, at the hnltniu of it. There wai a like a peaceful ghoole. uying, ■ Hera 

profciaiooai L'iceronu alwayi iitschcd la 1 am ! ' Mr*. Daiia invariably replied, 

the party (whiuh had been brought oior ' YoD'tlbeburiedaltveiuaforeign cOuDtrjr, 

from London fifteen or twooty itrong, by Davit, and it'i no u*e trying to preveal 

sMbMt) t and i( ha 10 moeb m IooM at j»%.' Hi. mdUrt. Datw, i^ibntfrntf. 



, 19M.] 



Ch«ri« Dickens's Pictnrftfrom Italy. 



led into Mr. uid Mr*. Dsfii'i Mimtr^. 
nrgiag that il Uf k«TODd the Hmlu of 
■ndnii Jtari igo. tbe Romm Jegioiu. tbe aorld." 
' r Clttidiiu, prol«stcil iguMt being 

Now let 113 take another draving of a similar character. 



" Juaa»e what way be olieil the eubt 
•r Miaoc limu of Rone, there «iu one 
Ihtt ■nininl me migbEilf. It is ilwayi 
la b« Ibaad then, ami ita dea i« on the 
mrut fli«lit of step!, that lead rram the 
fttm di Spagns. t» tbe ebnreh of Trioita 
M Moola. la plaiaer *>ord«. these itepa 
m* the peat place of resort for the wtisu' 
m^Mt, and Ibero the; are eooMantlf 
willing ta be hired. Tbe fir«l time I 
vnt up there, I couhl not coaoeive whj 
IhB (aDM aeemed funiliu to me; wbj 
IhtJ ^pearad to bare beset me. (or Teati, 
■K VNT]' ponible nriety of action 



ae. in jtoitic 



IhcT Matted up befoi* 

tebmd d*T> I'l'e >° manf aaamea ana 
led sigbtmaree. 1 fooa tbuod that 
«« had OMde acq Dai D tan ce. and iinprored 
i^ fevKTenl yew*, on tba walls of larioiu 
UhiliitioB galleries. There Li one old 
f«Bllaaiaa with long while hair, and an 
jwmir beard, who, to my knowledge, 
baa BDoe half tbroiigb tbe catalagoB of 
lbs Bofal Academy. Tfaii i* dw venerable 
1 model. He carrin ■ long 



ttaSi and TTtrj knot and twial in tb«t 
itaff, 1 have seen futhfullj delianlei}, in- 
namenbte time*. There ia another man 
in s blor cloak, who always pretendi lo 
be asleep in the lun (when there is mjr), 
and vho. I Deed not (ay, is always rery 
wide awake, «ad rery attentiTe to tbe 
diffwsition of bis legs. Tliis it the do'rc 
far' atewJe model. There is another man 
in' a brown cloak, who leans against ■ 
wall, with his arms folded in his mantle, 
md looks out of the comers of his eyes. 
which are just risible beneath bis braid 
tloudied bst. This is theiuaanin modal. 
Tbere i> mother min, who oonstanlly 
lookt over his own ihaDlder. and italmri 
goins away, but never ^oe*. This is 
the fimgJitf or >con(/iil model. A* to 
domestic hap)iia?«s and holy families, they 
should come very cheap, for tbere ai« 
tumps of them. sU np tbe steps; and the 
cream of the thing is, that Ihey are all tbe 
falsest Tsgabonds in Hie world, »prdally 
made up for the purpose, and baling no 
coanterparts in Rome or any other part 

of tbe habitable glohci" &c. 
have torn off from th« picture of an 



I " Nine o'clock strock. and ten o'clock nected iritb the tine arts, I presiune) went 

b Mrad:. and nothing happened. .Ail the up suJ down in a pair of Uesaian-boota, 

■ h^ et all the cbnrchei rang ai usual. witharedbcardhaaipagdovnonhisbTcast, 

Pa little parlttunent of dogs auembled in sad his long and bright red hair, plaited 

1 Aeopan vpace. sad chased each other, in into two tails, one on eitber aide of hia 

Ipd oM among the soldier*. Fierce- head i which fell oier hi* shoulders in 

iMUac Romant of Ibe lowest cIih, in front of him, very nearly In his waiat, and 

Una CMaks, russet cloaks, and r^s un- were carefully entwined and braided. . 

went, and talked ti 



The fUlowin^ is a little piece « 
' a of a murderer. 



gub". Women mid children Buttered, 
«a tbt skirts of the scanty crowd. One 
large maddy spot was left quite Ixre, like 
' '1 place on a mui's hesd. A cigar- 



Nobody cared, a 
was St all affected. There wu no mani 
fettalion of dlagast. or pity, or indigni 
bon, or sorrow. My empty povkels wa 



idhisal 



Boys 

B|i vail*, and tumbled down again. Priests 
■M Bonks elbowed a psasege fbr them- 
hHw iBoag tbe people and stood on tip- 
toe for a sigbl of the knife ; then went 
amy. Arlists in inconceiTable hats of 
Ibe Wddle Agn. and beards (thinli 
BeMBit) of DO age at all, flatbed pic- 
I notsla about tfaera from their 
', OiMgsitl«niD(con- 



dislely below tbe scaffold, as tbe oorpse 

up loddomi, «u betog put into its cofEn. It wis an 

Ltry-mnehant ugly, filthy, catrless, sickening spectacle; 

between tbs scaffold meaning nothing but butchery, beyond 



Bat let at leave the scaffold and the chamel house, and breathe the ioA.' 




a sight has 
one mrauiDg and one waroiag. Let me 
□ot forgrt it. The apecalators in tbe 
letltry, station themselrei at hroorabte 
points fat counting the gouts of blood that 
npirt ont, taere or there ; and fay l\ai 
nuMArr. It is pretty sure to hire a I'UB 
upon it,'' &c. 



16 



Charles Dickens's Pictures from Italy. 



[July, 



nees of the air, and inhale the morning sweetness of the breezes coming 
from Albano's ilex groves. 



" The excursions in the neiKbbonrbood 
of Rome are charminf^, and would be fiill 
of interest were it onlj for the changing 
▼tews they afford, of the wild Campagna. 
But every ioch of ground, in every di- 
rection, is rich in associations, and in na- 
tural beauties. There is Albano with Its 
lovely lake and wooded shore, and with 
its wine, that certainly has not improved 
since the days of Horace, and in these 
times hnrdly justifies his panegyric. There 
IS squalid Tivoli, with the river Anio 
diverted from its course, and plunging 
down headlong, some eighty feet in 
search of it ; with its picturesque temple 
of the Sybil, perched high on a crag ; its 
minor waterfalls glancing and sparkling in 
the sun ; and one good cavern yawning 
darkly, where the river takes a fearful 
plunge, and shoots on, low down, under 
beetling rocks. There, too, is the villa 
D*Este, deserted and decaying among 
groves of melancholy pine and bypresa 
trees, where it seems to lie in state. 
Then, there is Frascati, and, on the steep 
above it, the ruins of Tusculum, where 
Cicero lived, and wrote, and adorned his 
favourite house (some fragments of it may 
yet be seen there), and where Cato was 
born. We saw its ruined amphitheatre 
on a grey dull day, when a shrill March 
wind was blowing, and when the scattered 
stonps of the old city lay strewn about the 
lonely eminence, as desolate and dead as 
the ashes of a long extinguished fire. One 
day, we walked out, a little party of three, 
to Albano, fourteen miles distant; pos- 
sessed by a great desire to go there, by 
the ancient Appian way, long since ru- 
ined and overgrown. We started at half- 
past seven in the morning, and within an 
hour or so were out upon the open Cam- 
pagpia. For twelve miles, we went climb- 
ing on, over an unbroken succession of 
mounds, and heaps, and hills, of ruin. 
Tombs and temples, overthrown and 



prostrate ; small fragments of coHimMy 
friezes, pediments; great blocks of granlta 
and marble; mouldering arches, graai 
grown and decayed; ruin enough to 
build a spacious city from; lay atrewn 
about us. — Sometimes loose walls, bnOl 
up from these fragments by the shepherds, 
came across our path ; sometimes, a ditck 
between two mounds of broken siooaia 
obstructed our pros^ress ; sometimes, ths 
fragments themselves, rolling from beMath 
our feet, made it a toilsome matter to ad- 
vance ; but it was always ruim. Now, «8 
tracked a piece of the old road, above tlie 
ground ; now traced it, underneath a 
grassy covering, as if th«t were its grave ; 
but all the way was ruin. In the distance, 
ruined aqueducts went stalking on their 
giant course along the phin ; and ereiy 
breath of wind that swept towards QS, 
stirred early flowers and 'grasses, sprinrag 
up spontaneously, on miles of ruin. The 
unseen larks above us, who alone die* 
turbed the awful silence, had their nests fan 
ruin ; and the fierce herdsmen clad hi 
sheep skins, who now and then scowled 
out upon us from their sleeping nooke, 
were housed in ruin. The aspect (rf* the 
desolate Campagna in one direction, where 
it was most level, reminded me of an 
American prairie ; but what is the soli* 
tude of a region where men have never 
dwelt, to that of a desert, where a mighty 
race have left their footprints in the 
esrth from which they have vanished; 
where the resting-places of their Dead, 
have fallen like their Dead ; and the broken 
hour.glass of Time, is but a heap of idle 
dufrt I Returning, by the road, at sunset ; 
and looking, from the distance, on the 
course we had taken in the morning, I 
almost felt (as I had felt when I first 
saw it, at that hour) as if the sun would 
never rise again, but looked its last, that 
night, upon a ruined world,*' &c. 



Mr. Dickens was witness to the ceremonies of Easter, though Protestant 
eyes have no business there, and Protestant pens are not the pens to 
describe them : but we must break off — ^the great clock of St. Peter's is 
even now striking ; wc shall be too late if we wait a moment longer. See^ 
the Cardinals' carriages are all standing empty in the shade ; and hark, 
those strains of unearthly mu?ic are winding their lingering way through 
the echoes of the immortal dome of Michael Angelo I 



" I think the most popular and most 
crowded sight (excepting those of Esster 
Sunday and Monday, which are open to 
all classes of people), was the Pope wash- 
ing the feet of thirteen meui representiog 



the twelve apostles and Judas Iscariot. 
The place in which this pious office is 
performed is one of the chapels of St. 
Peter's, which is gaily decorated for the 
occasion ; the thirteen sitting < all of « 



1846.1 



Charles Dickens's Pitiuretfrom Itdt/. 



■ nry high b«ichi ind looking 
■rtj- uncomfortable, »it!i the fjes 
of KeaTrn kooiri haw mmi; Eoglisb, 
Frrnch, Amerii-sn). Swiu. GeruiKDi, 
Rmliiiu. Swedn. Norwrgian«, and other 
forngncn nailFil lo their fieri all the 
time. They are robed id white; »ad od 
Iheir beadi they we«r t iliir ohite cap, 
like > Urg^ Eogliih porter pot vlihout ■ 
Iiandle. Each carries in hi* banda noiegsr 

I «rUie nte of ■ Goe cantiflower. and two 
of Ihem on tbiaoceui'in wore tpretorlea, 
whlflhi renumbering the characlen they 
MIMiined. 1 thou^t a droll appendage to 

I tbe coalome. Then wu ■ great eye to 
ekameler. St. John vai repreienled by 
ngDod-lookiot; young man. Si. Fctrrby 

■ grvte-looking old gentleman nith ■ flow- 
I tog brown beard; and Judu Itcarlot by 
I aoch &a enonnotu bypocrile { [ could not 

mke out. though, whether the etprc«Bion 
I of hia tux wai real or wumedj, that if 
I lie had acted the part to the death, and 
bad itone away and hangrd himaelf. be 
■ould have leit nothing lo be denred. 
Aa the two large baxei appropriated to 
bdiee at tbii siichl were full to tbe 
throat, lod getting near wai hopeleii, ne 

rted off along with a great crowd, to he 
tine at the table where the Pope io 
penon wait* on thex thirteen, and after 

■ prodigiouB itmggle at the Vatican atair- 
eaae. and «p*eral perional cooflicU with 
die Swiaa Guud, tbe whale crowd swept 
into the room. It wb> a long gallery, 
hong with drapery of white and rrd, with 
another great boi for tsdiM. who are 
obliged to dress in black at theM cere- 
moaie), and lo iresr black tdh, a royal 
box for the King of Kapic* and hia party, 
and the table iuelf, which, set oni 
like ■ ball supper, and omamented with 
folden 6gtirea of the real apostlei. was 
arranged on an elevated plaifonn on 
ou aide of tbe gallery. The counterfeit 
■pMtle*' knirea and fotki were laid out 
on that ride of the table which WHS nea 'CM 
M the walL lO that they might be ttarcd 
al again withont let or hindrance. The 
body of Ibe room was full of male itran- 
gars, the erawd immense, the best Tcry 
ER*1> KhI tbe preianre aometimei fright. 
nL It WM at its height when I he atreim 
MOM pooring ia from the feel washing, 
■od then (here were such fhrieki and out' 
dies, that a parly of f^edmontoe dragoons 
vent lc> tbe rescue of the Swisi Guard, 
and helped them to calm the tumult. 
Tb* tadiei were paniculnrly ferocioui in 
Ihaii ttru^lea for plavei. One lady of 

IacquaiDtanee was aeiied round Ibe 
•t, io the ladiei'boi. by a strong matron 
I hoialnl out of her place ; sod there 
I asotberUdyinabsck row in the sauie 
I »bo inprOTed her poaitimi by atickiug 
Gmt.Mao.Voi..XXVL 



17 

a large pio into the ladies before her. 
The gentlemen about me were remirka^Iy 
aniioui tu ice what wag on the table ; and 
one Englitbman seemed lo have embarked 
thewholeenernof bis nature in the doter- 
rainatioa lodiscoier whether there was any 
tnuitaTd. 'By Jupitrr,there'i vinegar : ' I 
heard him uy lo hia friend, after be had 
s'ood on tiptoe an immense lime, and bad 
been crushed and beaten on all rides. 
' And there'i oil '. 1 law them dlitinetly, 
in crue s I Can any genllrman in froat 
thrre aee mustard on the table? Sir. 
will yon obligR me ? Do you sec a mus- 
tard pot ? ' The Apostles, and Judai.ap' 
pesring oo the platform, after much ei- 
pectatiDn, were martLhslled in line, in 
front of the table, with Petfr at the 
top; and a good long itire was taken at 
them by tbe company, while twelve of 
them took a. long smell al their nosetiys, 
and Judai^moiing bii lips tery obtru- 
sively—engaged in inward prayer. Then 
tbe Pope, clad in a icirlet robe, and 
wearing on hia bead a skull cap of white 
sstin. appeared in the mii^it of a crowd 
ofcBrdlnaU and other dignitaries, and took 
in hia hand a little golden ewer, from which 
be poured a little water over one of Peter'* 
hands, white one atlendsnt held a golden 
basin; a second a fine cloth; a third, 
Peter's nosegay, which wai taken from 
him during tbe operation. Tbii hia Ho- 
lim»B performed, with considerable eipe- 
ditjoo, OD every man in ihe Ime. (Jndat I 
observed to be particularly overcome by his 
condescension); and then the xbole Tliir- 
teen sat down to dinner, grace said by 
the Pope. Peter in Ibe chair. There 
wai white wine and red wine : and the 
dinner looked very good. The courses 
appeared in portions. One for each 
Apostle; and Ibeae being presented to 
tho Pope, by cardinals upon their knees, 
were by him handed to the Thirteen. 
nhich Jndat grew untie 



whit 



r his T 



nil*, a 



guiahed with his bred oo one side, ■* if fas 
had oo ippptitp, defies sll description. 
Pner was a good sound old man. and 
went in, aa the saying is, ' to win i ' eat. 
ing every thing that was given turn (he 
got tbe best, being first in the row), and 
aaylng nothing to any body. Tbe dishes 
appeared lo be chiefly composed of fish 
and vegetables. The Pope helped the 
Thirteen to wine oLio.god during the whole 
dinner, somebody lead something aloud 
out of a larEB book— the Bible, I presnma 
— which nobody could hear, and lo which 
nobody paid Ihe lesit attention. Tbe 
cardinals and other atleodaoti smiled to 
each other from lime lo time, ai if the 
thing were a great farre ; and if they 
thoi^t to, there is Uttls doobl they wen 



i 



^ 



M Charles Dickens's Piriuru _fr<>m Itnlii. [Jll^ J 

Mrfcot'r ri|ht, Itii Holineii did wtint leemed very glad nhen it wai il 
be hid lo io, n n icniible miti %et% iio. 
Ibroufh a irpobletoine tcremony. »n<\ 

When we were in Italy, as we advanced ulong " the Solar Road," ' 
to ourwlveBi " The ii/uth commeDces at Terracinal " At^rwarda we found 
that Madame de Stxitl liad made the Baroe remark. Mr. Dickcni is now 
there, sitting, reclining In this very hoswlry of ours, and thus he writes — 



"How blue and bright (be lo, roltioi; 
below Ihe windoir* of the inn lofunoiuln 
robber itorici ! ilu<r plctumque tbc ^it 
«nct ind poliiM oF rock orerhangliig to- 
narroni'* narroir road, vhrrc gallej ilavn 
■re working in the quarrien abave. and the 
■enilaela, «bo guard tlu^m, lounfe on the 
•M ahnrfl. A.II nifht ihere ii Ihe murmur 
ofthcacH btneatb the atari i nnd la the 
morning. Just st dajbrrak. (hi: pratpoot 
•addenlf beoomlng eipindMl, at if bf a 
nincle, reveila, in th« far dlitanoa aarou 
tb« tra [here, Nipirt vith )!■ lalandi, and 
Vaaatius ipoutlng Are I Wlihia ■ ouirtar 
of an hour the whiile ia gnne, *■ if It were 
• fltlail in the eloilda, anillhereUnatbiog 
but thfl aea and akf . TbuNeapoiltanrron. 
tier eroaied, adBr twDhouri'travdliiif , and 
the huilKiHeBtorsoldleraandcuitoni-hoiiae 
oIKosrawithdilfloultfappBUFditfe enter bji 
a gatelrsa pflrlat Into th« Arit Neapolitan 
town, Fondi : take note of Fondi. in the 
Dame of all that li vrclched and baggarly. 
A llllhjr channal of mud and rrfuM ncao- 
dera down the centre of the misemble 
atreet, fed \ij obacene rlTnlet* Miat irfolile 
from tlie abject lion aes. Tlit<re i* not a door, 
a (rlnduw. or nahuUvr, not a roof, a mil, 
a pmt, or a pillar, in all Pondi but ia dr- 
oayed and oru^ and rotting awajp. The 
wretched hiatoi^ of the town, wiib all Ita 
■iflges and pillBgat bj Barbarowii and the 
rest, might hare bn*n acted laat year. 
Hav the gaant dogi that aneak about Ihn 
miaerable atteel como Kt be alive aud un- 



thii mirror. A crippled idiot, in the act 
nritrikiDg one nf them, who drowna hii 
clamoroua demand for charity, obterrai 
hia angry oountrrpart in the panel, itopa 
abort, and tliruating out hia tongae. begini 
to wag hia head and chatter. The thrill 
cry raiaed at thia awakena hairadolen 
wild crailurea, wrapped in frnvay brown 
cloaka, who are lying on the church atepi. 
will) Mia and pana far aale. Thete, 
aenmbUngup,approach,aadbeEil«^aaffy. 
— ' 1 am hangry. Oirc me tomethlng. 
Liitm to ma, Signlor. 1 am hangry.' — 
Theuagbiitly old woman, renrful of be- 
ins: too late, comet bobblin; down the 
itreec, tlntching mit one hand, anil 
acratching bartalf all the way with thr 
other, and aoreaming long be^re aha can 
be heard, 'Charily, charity; I'll go 
mil pnt for you directly, besutihl lady, 
if jroa'll give me oharily.' Laatly, the 
member) of a brotherhood for bnryinit 
the dead, hideoaily maaked, and attired 
in ahabby black robri, while at the aklrta, 
with the eplathea of many mnddy winlen, 
eacorted bj a dirty priest, and a congenial 
croaa-baorer, come harrying pout. Ijnr. 
rounded by thia motley conoourae, wc 
mure out of Pond) ; had bright eyat 
glaring at nt, oat of the darkneu of etery 
ciiiy tenement, like gliitening f 
of ita filth and putrcfuctian," ' 



cowling people they are I All beg- 
gara j bat that'i Dothina;. Look at them 
u they gather round. Some are too in- 
dolenl to come down alairt, or aru too 
wiadf mlttruatrul uf the atalra, pediapa. 



•joa lunk at them ? Eterythloi; i> done 
m pantomime in Naplaa. and that It tbe 
I'unimlional tin for hunger. A man 

who ia quarrelling ailh another yonder 






ir ii<a 



mil. 



from upper windown Hnd bowtj other* 
come Socking about ua, llghilng and joat- 
Ung one another, and demanding inoea* 
•aally charity for the love of God, oharlQ 
Ibr the lore of tbe Uleaaed Virgin, aharlty 
fbrtbeloveofal] the Saints. A group nf 
miaerable ehlldran, almatt naked, acream- 
lag forth the aame petition, diacovrr liial 
Ibery can see Ihenteliea roneicted In Ihu 
Ttlniab nf the carriage, and begin todancr 
aad make grimaoM, mat tlinr mayhnielhL- 
|MUir« of iMbi tbair aautt tapcaMd iu 



pocket whm he ia told tbe price, a 
away witboat a word, having thoroughly 
ooanyed to the *i*1ler that he eonddera ll 
riio dear. Two people in carriage* meet, 
lug, one iuui:hea hin lipt twice or Ihrior, 
holda up the li*e lingen of hia right band, 
and gitf» a horixontal eat in the air with 
the palm. The other ooda briakly ami 
gor> his wny. He baa been inviled to a 
friendly dinner at Wf |Ft|t tTe «V ' 



Cbu-les Dickens's Pitturisjravt tlaltt. 

B oartilnl; exitat. All OT«r lulf begun will Snr und 

a ptBtBmt tiake ot tbe right buid from Naplet IbiMC five tin|; 

Iti^ wriet, iritti tbe fbrelioger alretcbeJ ont. luigiufe," &g, 
I nrgativi^ — tbt unly ncgsdie 



The Lotteries : — 

''Then u ddc fitnordinarr feature in 
Um nti life of Niplei at which are aaj 
I*k* B gluu» bcfoiT wn go— Ihe lolttrin. 
TlMjr pnnll in moal porti of llal;. bat 
are paniciilirlj abiioui in tbrir eflrcU 
■nd hfatoce* here. Thry err ilraoa 
««C>7 SatonJay. Tb«]r briiu; an immeiiae 
rrrcBsa to the gomameiiC, anil diSow a 
ta(« for gambtidg among the pooriiat of 
tb« pnnr, ichieh ia tetj ramforlafale to 
Um eofcra of tbe nate. ud very ruinoai 
(a UiBBtFlrH. Tbe lonol lUke Is one 
grain : ley than ■ bribing. One hundred 
naabm — firom one to a bundnd in- 
eliuive — are pnC into a boi. PiiF arr 
drawn. Iluw are tbe priiet. I bny 
three Bumben. If one of them i-ooie u\<, 
\ win a imall priie. If two. come hundreds 
uf tunea mjr stake. If three, \hree thau- 
ond Stc hundred limei uf atilie. I slake 
(or plaf at Ihej cult it) what I can upon 
loj aaaben, and bnj what namben I 
•laue. The amoanl I play 1 pa; at the 
uxUrf oIKce. where 1 porcBaae the ticket, 
and It ia ftaiei oa tbe ticket ittelf. Ererj 
lottny ofEcF keeps a printed book, an 
nnintnia] lotterj diiincr, where ever; 
poHibU accident and drcumslanoe ia pro- 
d for, and fau i number i^ainst it. 



I that.' We 



For luM 

aboM • 

^H Dirinet. 
^F waMTi 
^ nUteJt 



, let u 






■take 
On o 



lottery office we mn Bjainat a. black 
Wban ws ^t ibere we sagr graTcly, ■ The 
Dirinet.' [t is hinded over tbe oonnier 



Oar taRt qnoiAtiou m 
iMt reflolloFt with plesi 
>e}oic« in his rompaoy ' 

hi» dtv* with holj m 

" Awajr (rom Naplei in a gloriou* sun- 
rbe. by th« road to Capua, and Iben on 
■ three A*j»' jmintoT alon; bye road«, 
(hot WD may 10* on tbe way the monastery 
ef UoBtc CtHino. nbicb is perched on 
Ibe (twp and loftr hill abore tbe little 
(own of Sail Germano, and l» loat on a 
■ktr ncming in the clouds. So much 
db* Better ibr the deep lounding of its 
;o winding up on mnhu 
ig beard mysteriously 



pmoa in tAe ttrni : ' Gii'e i 
look at Me MMf ^fjte (free! itself :' Gita 
us that,' Now wo hare our three numbois. 
If the roof of the thentre of San Carlo 
were to foil in, so many people would play 
upon tbe nuinben nttaehed to lueb an 
accident iii tlie Diviner, that the goiem- 
uant would Miau dose those numbers, 
nnd drcliiie to run tl;e risk of hjaing 
any more upon them. This often bap* 
pens. Not long ago, wben there was • 
fire in the king's paJaee, there Was auch a 
despemte ran on lire, and king, and pa- 
Uoc, that (urtlier lUkes on tbe nnmbera 
Kltaehed to those wordii in the Qolden 
Book were forbidden. ETery accident or 
event, is sup|K>sed, by the Lgnorant popu- 
lace, to he a revi^lalion to tbe behoUer, or 
party eoocemed, in coiuieetion with the 
loltiry. Certain people who have a la- 
lent for dreaming fartonately, are much 
sought after ; and there are same prints 
who are constantly Iktonred with Tiuons 
of the lucky numben. 1 beard of a horse 
running anaj with a mgji, and dashing 
him down, dead, at (he comer of a street. 
Porsnin; the horse with incredible speed, 
was KDulber man, who ran so fust, that be 
came Dp, immediately alter the accident. 
lie threw himself upon his kneea beside 
the unfortunate rider, and clasped bia 
hand with an eipression of tbe wildest 
grief. ' If you hin'e life,' ha said, ' speak 
noe word lo me 1 If you hive one gasp 
of breath left, mention your age (or 

ler^'Giveus Heaven's uke, that I may play that 

tg aj/aiiut a number in the lottery '' '" 

LBt be one that reUlM to an old frienil : for who tloes 
ire the rnvtn of Barnaby Rndge ? who did not 
grievp at his di^appearanise ? — but he \» revival, 

t altogether refonned, but he paaseg the evening of 

at the monaatery of Monte Cassino. 



1 the 



Owardi 
DlUfl 



ftfU air, while nothing i 



the grey mist. moni]gHilemQl)r and slowly 
like a funeral procession. Behold, at 
length, tbe •bndawy pile of building close 
before us ; its grey wsila and towers dimly 
seen, though so near and so vast, and tit* 
raw vBpour rolling through its cloiiten 
heavily. There are two black abadowt 
walking to and fro in the qnidrangle, near 
the ititues of the Patron Saint and Us 
lister ; and hopping on behind them in 
old arches, i 



n bat croaking in answer to tbe bell, utd n 




20 



Chules DickeDs'i Picluretjrom Ital^. 



CJulj, 



■nil iron, and marble, no grtU > height 
miut have been prodlgioai f ' Caw,' Mjra 
tho men, welconiiDg the peiunli. How. 
being deapoiled by plunder, fire, and 
esribqiuke, hst it riien rrom ils ruins, 
and heeo again made what we now K» it, 
with iti churcii so anrnptaoui and mag- 
ninrant? ■Cawl' taj) the racen, wel- 
coming tbc pnataDli. These people hate 
a niiirnblQ appearanoe, and (aa usual) 
arc densely ignorant, and ill bug. while 
the muiiki are diauntmg in tho ehapet. 
'Caw!' *ays the nven, - Cuckoo !' So 
we leave bini, chuckling aud rolling hi* 
eye at the eunvent gate, iind wind ilawlj 
down again, thruugb tbe cloud. \t last 
omergiag from it. we come in algbl of the 
villaic far below, and the Hat grern couo- 
lij Intersected ty rlvaleta; which ii ple«- 
lanlandrrrih to see after thc^bituirlly 
and liuB of the convent — no dl>re>poct to 
(he raven, or the liuly frian," &c. 



Ing at ioterralt the purest Tuscan. How 
like a Jemit be looks I There never waa 
I alf and ttealtby fellow so at home as 
this ra>cn, itindnig now nt the refectory 
door, with bis head on one •ide.and ptetrnd- 
ingtoglance anotherway, wbileheisscruli- 
niiing the visiters keenly,and listening with 
fixed attention. What a dull-beaded 
monk tbe porltr becomei in conparixiD 1 
' Hn speak* like us!' says tbe porter: 
' (jniCe as plainly.' Quite aa plainly, Por- 
ter. Nothing could be mare expressife 
than hii reception of tbe peasanti who are 
entering the gale with basketj and har- 
dens. There li B roll in bii eye, and a 
chuckle in his throat, which shonld qualify 
him to be chosen Sui>eriar of an Order of 
Haven*. He knows all about it. ' It's 
■II rigbl.' be say*. ' We know whU we i 
know. Come along, good people. GUd i 
lo see yon I' How was this extraordinary 
structure ever built in inch a aituitiun, i 
wiiere tbe labour of coDveyinj the atone. 

There are in this Tolume numerous little i|iiaiDtnesfes, obliquities, aud 
odilitics of expression, peculiar locutions, all Mr. Dickens's own, such as we 
have been used to in his previous works, modes of thinking aud writing; 
that have been habitual to him, that he cannot do without ; some very amus- 
ing, lomc overstr^ned, and uot to be swallowed without an effort : Uiey are 
niiroeroui! enough to any one who will look after them ; as for instance : — 

P. 8. " Queer old towns, draw-bridged, and walled ; with odd littk 
towers at the angles, like grotesque faces, as if the wall had put a mask on, 
and were staring down into the moat, , . . extinguiiaher-topped turrets, and 
blink-eved little casements," &c. — P. 1 1. " The femmc de chambre of the 
Hotel de I'Ecu d'Or is here, and n gentleman in a glazed cap, with a I'cd 
beard like a honiim friund, who is staying at the Hotel de I'Elcu d'Or, 
&C. — P. 16. *' The courier cuts a joke. The landlord is utfectiouate, but 
not weakly so. He bears it like a man." — ]', 41. •' We sit upon a atone 
by the door, sometimes, in the evening, like Robinson Crusoe and Friday 
rtferied; and he generally relates, towards my conversion, an abridgment 
of the history of St. Peter — chiefly, I believe, from the unspeakable de- 
light he has in his imitation of the cock." — F. £3. Describing the beg^rs 
at Genoa, " Sometimes they are visited by a man without legs, ou a Utile 
go-cart, but who has such a fresh -coloured, lively face, and such a re- 
apeclable, well -conditioned body, that he looks as if he bad sunk into the 
ground up to his middle, or had come but partially up a flight of cellar- 
steps to tspeak to somebody," S|ieaking of the loungers in the apothecaries' 
shons, he says, " Tliey sit so still and quiet that cither you don't see them 
in the darkened shop, or mistake them — as I did one ghostly man in bottle- 
green, one day, with a hat like a stopper — for horse medicine" Sitting in 
any of the Catholic churches is likened to "a mild dose of opium," But 
what sboll we say to the following oUuBion, speaking of the system of 
washing so prevalent on the Continent, — " The custom is to ky the wet 
linen which is being operated upon on a smooih stone, and hammer away 
at it with a flat wooden mallet. This they do as furiously aa if they were 
revenging thcmBclvee on drtn in general for being connected with the 



1846.] 



On Weather Mounlaini. 



21 



Fall of Mankind" The wild festoons and Tioe wreaths, which in Italy 
extend from tree to tree in 30 graceful and picturesque a maouer, must strike 
every ey^i but it is not any iraa^nation that has described "the long line 
of trees all buund and garlanded together, 09 if they had taken hold of one 
another, and are coining dancing down the field." The amphitheatre of 
Verona has suggested many a picturesque association lo the classical travelier, 
but probably never before that of '■ being like the inside of a prodigious 
hat of plaited straw, with an enormously broad brim and shallow crown." 
These are a few of Mr. Dickens's odd quaintnesscs, humorous touches, and 
conceits — mannerisms of his own — often exciting a smile — a laugh, as ofleo 
markittg how much his favourite recreations and studies are in his daily 
thoughts ; aa, for instance, speaking of the Pope's Swiss Guards : " They 
wear a quaint striped surcoat and striped tight legs, and carry halberU 
like those which are ustially shouldered by tho.ie theatrical supernumeraries, 
who never con get off the stage fast enough, and who may be generally 
observed to titigrr in the enemy'i camp after the open country, held iy 
the opponte fbree», ha* been iplit up the middle by a convuliion of 
nature." L'pon the whole, after our perusal of this volume, admirers as 
we are to the full of Mr. Dickens's genius, in his various works of fiction, 
we hardly feel that the foUowiog sentence of an animated historian, 
whom we have previously mentioned, describing Goldoni's talents and 
aequirements, would he unjust towards the character of ihe writer of 
Pictures of Italy, but without allusion to his other productions : — " His 
life would seem' to be spent among actors and play-writers ; his acqiiainU 
Mice wa« with stage heroes and heroines. He had but rare opportunities 
of on intimate intercourse with the betit classej^. Like one of our modern 
tourists he travelled through, but had h.ardly leisure to inspect, the world : 
he ssw it through thi? glare of the stag;e-iamps. His heroes too of^n 
reniind us of the green-room ; their faded lineaments are apparent through 
the Tumish of their theatrical paint,"* &c. 




-SmiTt. 



ftq>{Kac Simfftv rail 



CERTAIN mouutuin* imve tor mjniior ki& iia & 11 

ges reodved the credit of af- fftpous Xrvnat TxB fi^ - 

_ brae lokens or prognoEUCs of » irXayloC, SSarat mjficlor, — which t 

iWUther, esperially of rain. Of translate thus: " I'he lesser Hyiaettus, 

earnest of which 1 can find which is called the AriJ, if it shall 

Mounts Uyoicttua have a stuali clouil in its cavity, it is a 



■nd Putheiltuiiunt, and which 
nentioued by Theophmstus in his 
wol4 " On the Signs of Rain." That 
author has there (de Sign. Plur. cap. 
i. 1. 20. p. 787, torn. i. Theophr. Op. 
k tkfaneider. Lips. 18IB.) written, 
"Xiuirr^t iXamav, 3>^pot KoKovitirot, 




sign of rain : and if the jc 
Uis, during funuuer, shrul have white ! 
clouds on its summit, and on its side, I 
it is also a sign of rain." 

And the following passage relates 
to Mount Fanhellcniuiu, — mi ('av in 
\lyii^ ori Tov Aiot too 'EXXofiou 



E Italy, ia retcreace to its prcKat itatti 



n 



On Weallur JVoMtauu. 



[Jul 



yiMTtu. (Ibid. e. 24, p. 7S!).) E have 
i^niiumd It thus : "and if in <£sinit, u 
cloud shall sit upun tfie luounUin' ul' 
the Bellenian JnpitEr, rain will raunl 
frenaenllji be protluced." 

Now ihiA latter nKiuntiiin i* nmiiMl 
b; ihu earlier Qrcek writere that of 
Ibe HelleniMi Jupit«r, Theopbrulua 
hnvina, &tit rov GXAofiov, and Pin- 
dar, (Nan. od. 5, v. 19,) nm-ijwt 
'EWaylov; but the later HulhorB inore 
comnioul}' have the Panbelleuian Ju- 
plTer. Indeed thio moimcatn is e%' 
pr««9l; termed hj PaiuaDloJi, (Corinib. 

cap. itO,) r^ ^r rou TIaiviiXTirioii 
ait, the mouiiUiin of Jupiter Pon- 
bdieniug; and aitto, tA nawXXTVuiv 

rri Soot, — Mount t'onbulli;* 

niuin. on nliiub was ihi' miifFnilicinit 
ttnnpic of •lupiho'i urwted by jEucuh. 
I lind in the' tiDautif^il tnnp of Attbn 
publigheil in Stoart'* Athens, vol. iri. 
(Edit. I8U7,) that this innunt oociipio* 
the Bouthom jNirtJan of Xglna, aiirl 
tliut it IB at this da; naiuiHl " Orus. nr 
Mount St. VMoa" Aiid Col. I.coIel-. 
describing that island, sny», " the re- 
mainder IB mountainouB, and inuj be 
dl<rided Into two imrU : a very re- 
markable conical hill, ocm called the 
Oto§ (ri 'Opos), which occnpiea idl the 
•onthern uxlremity, and the ridge of 
Fanhellenium on thu north-caatem 
aide." (TrsTiilH in iht' Miireu, vol. ii. 
p. 433,) But the Utter part uf thin 
doicription is clearly erroiieowi. b«- 
cause the Ponhi^Ueniuiu and the Uros 
ore one and the same mountain, ai!- 
eording to the above account of Pau- 

The lingular cnnieal form aod 
height of the Oros at once dcicidc, bc- 
ndes the retaining of its ancient 
name, that it la identical with rii'Opos 
of the last author, iuosmuch as there 
ia no other eminence throughout the 



* Some niB]' triniUte thia ihi temple 
«f Jopitei, but I have rendered it the 
Doantiin of Jupiter. It it of little im- 
porlauce which at llic two be uicd, be- 
eaaacPausBniubBiia tLeBfinonlBdi^CiDctly 
written, tbiit Ibe temple of Jupiter nu 
iltnated upon the Pauhellenian mouotaia ; 
ri 8« Uai't^kfiiiitii', Sti ulj rou iiit tA 
Upir, S\Xo ri *Opot a^iXoyoii tlx" 
tMiv TOVTO Si ri Upiy \iynv<rw 
Atodi)' vo^am rf dii.— (Corinth, cap. 



whole isle, whii^h ia worthy of HM 
term. Moreover, nt the present time, 
tlu^i uioanlain xtUl keupa itK ehuroeter 
of foreUdliiig rain to the Greek sul]o^^ 
whcne*<-r a eloudf hangn on il« nuii- 
mtl ; HDd il« modern appellation 
of St, Elios haa evidently been 
eonlerred upon it in alluidon to 
rain, and to the mognaaticnliDg of 
showery weather. This, I may he»e 
remark, is a (Vequi^nt name for a 
mountun in modern Oreece, and the 
true origin for it, as I apprehend, is 
li«m Bum having prayeil for and 
obtained rain,} (Jomw, chap, v., t. 18,) 
and, thnrelbrw, in the early dayn of 
Christiau suneratition be might fairly 
be considerud as the wint of rain and 
eloude, and not for the following reason, 
which is snggwt«l by Col. I>oa£e, when 
meiitionin^Hie abrupt and sliorp peak 
of Mount ^'aygetus, that in now oom- 
ntunlv foUnl "Ai KUL," or Saint Elias, 
who, like Apollo of old, seems to delight 
in llie prol«ution of loay tummits." 
(Ibid. vol. i. p. 128.) 

Next, of the wenther niouatalna in 
our own cotmtry I will only reftr to 
one, in orrler to shew that the same 
opinion ban long prevailed in regard 
to the sign of rain exhibited by it. 
This mounlmn is Boscberry I'opptng, 
which uMupies b prominent situation 
somcwlwl to the east of the centru of 
Ihe beautiful chain of hills colled the 
Cluvelund liilK at seen from the op- 
posite county of Durham, where, as 
fcom my earhest boyhood, I have often 
gazed on it with delight, so I fre- 
ijuenily now at the dawn of day look 



t Pindar (Olymp. Od. ii. r. 3, 3,) in 
elegant lonipugB csUa roiu and heavenly 

ahowera. Ihn rhildmi or otTapring of a 

XpTOK firriy Ifnipaviay viiirav 
'Qfidpiiay irai'Siiiv SnpiXat. 
t It ia woitb obaerTing that Ellaa, u 
St. James <sjh, irptMTJiii^Tn. jrai & ofM- 
i^( iiTht titan, mi ij wj iff\atm]irt. . . 
So Aiicna, who ii aaid lo have built Iha 
Tempb of Jupiter on Mount PimlielUinluiii, 
in jlEgina, saeriliciBs to Ju^iier Panhel- 
leniut, and prajfng, caiued it to rain uoDn 
the earth. Pausanius (Corinth, cap. 29.) 
records i /ui> t^ nwiXXifviy Au dinat 



iB4e,] 



Apocryphal origin* afgvtat Pamilits- 



I 



upon its conical anmiidt, when just 
Usbted b; the rising sun, with extreme 
ptCMure. and often oondnue to watch 
the varjing tiuts and lighl« of the 
wfttjtte ana upon it ; and si>, I hope, 
ihM t ne decline of my own tifa niaj 
be «pent within sigbt of it, and that 
taj evening may \*s% unclouded snd 
undisturbed by uty ftorni. Tha Ute 
Mr. Gnivei. tn Ills llistorr of Cleve- 
land (p. 216), has giren the following 
exinet tVom a very old MA. <u thi- 
UOU. lib. (JnliuB, fbl, 433,) of the 
British ftliiscuni : — " Roscbcrrye Top- 
pfwe, which u n mM-ke to the seamen 
aaiT aJmanack to lite vale, tor they 
hare Uiiii ould ryo 



selUome bath a •■louilc 
ne jll weather ritortly 



on yt that 
ft>llo>elh n nou 

Aito in Bialiop Gibsou'i edition of 
Camden's Britannia (vol- ii. p. I \6, 
edit. 1772.) 1 find this statement.— 
" Ooneebeny Topping, a steep moun- 
tain all o»cr green, nselh bo high a* 
to appear at a great distance, and U 
it (Be landmark that directs erulnii, 
and a prognoctic of weathiir to the 
ne^Uratm heruabouti ; for when \ts 
tottw^s to be dariiened with clouds. 
MM generally follows." 

And in ^e hiter edition of Caimlen 
b* Kiohard Gough (vol. iil, p. ^2, 
kIH. 1806,) this account is nearly the 
Mue. ^ Ounsberry Topping, a stee)> 
moRDtain covered all over witli ver- 
ihmv riiea distinguishable at a dis- 
tance as a seamark, and a pri^ostic 
at weatlicr to the neighbourhood; fur 
M oAen as thu top is OTCTsprea:d with 
donda, rain Kenerally follows." 

I bdteve that these ideas respecting 
OnOMbraTy or Hose berry fbrEbodinp 
MuraiB, and e^pei^BUy showers, w 
■tjil prevalent wttfa the common people 
oTtiiB adjoining districts; andtbustlic 
uivgnoaUcs aniidcd by diis mountain 
to Qeveland, in c«mpansonwith tho»e 
Ms tba Orns, or the mountain of Jupiter 
nnbcUsniua in .figinii.lanBhaTebc(-n, 
Md at tins iby arc rvmaTkably alike. 
At tlie Oros or Si. KUas U par cx- 
ciflwcif Ifae mountain of il^ina, do 
Roaebenj Topping \f the mountain ol' 
i(a own extensive district, or, as the 
cfMUXrj people express it. " the biggett 



mountain in all Yorkshire." In fortb 
also they are somewhat the same, bodi 
being peaked or conical ; and they are 
l^rtlier similar in the position which 
they occupy, both being visible far 
and wide, as well for a great distanee 
by land as by sea, and ao tbey both 
nfe oonsidercd, not only landmarks to 
traveUcr*, but likewise beacons to 

Among otfao' for^gn examples that 
might be noticed, I will merely bring 
forward one more, and which, were 
it for its name alone, I ought not to 
omit, viK. das Wetterhom. Thia ap- 
pcltuCion, 1 need scarcely add, signifies 
" Weatherhom ;" it is the " Sttmny 
PiMk," or " Peak of Tempests" of Cose, 
and of some other IDnglish travellers ; 
and M. Ebel properly describes tt as 
having "ga t5te presqne cooetamment 
voiiee de nuages ; il serine fiaromdtre 
BUI haUtans." (p. '207, Manuel du 
Voyog, en Suisse, edit. 183S). 

ui concluaiou, I must slate that the 
virgin snowa of the central or great 
iieak of the Wetterhom, have been 
Srst trodden on la«t summer by an 
English traveller (Mr. Spcer), who, 
aAcr much nerseverance, scaled Its 
^niiitnit, whicD is one of ti)c lollieet of 
ihr Obertnnd Alps.* 

Youra,&c. ' 



^ 



Mr. CTRBas, Jane 8. 

I ENTIRELY sgree with yotu- 
correspondent, X. Y., that " there is 
much fiibricaiion in the published ac- 
counts of great families ; and his in- 
stances of Spencer and Montague 
might be increased in n ' "' 

ble number by the geni 
men nf a Hunter, a Baker, a 
toes- 

For example, the house of Peacnjr 
(late Barons Selsey], descended fhon 
a respectable family of Sussex yeo- 
manry, or minor gentry, is made to 
proceed from the baronial Wae of 
Peche, of Cambridgeshire, witlicml 
even a semblance of tmth. Arain, 
what proof iR there of the West Inoiaa 

Kntef Lascellcs deriving hii race, 
m those of Dugdale's Baronag«F 
of the Loudon mercer, Ryder, proceed- 
ing from the Ryllicrfl of Wales? Of 



Genealogy of the Family of Herherl. 



[Jul,, 



tiie Duncn, from the alock of 
D'Ameri ? of the Berlii^B, &om an il- 
lustrious line of German exiles? of ihc 
Rushouts, from the Ronlts? of the 
Cecils, frnm the Biuilta ? or of the 
TawQshends, from a Normnn baron of 
the sune name, unheard of and un- 
known ID that duch; ? Nay, a real 
orilic would give pause ere he 
ndniittGd the elaini of Fielding to 
legitimate i-ungauguinitf with the 
bouse of Hupsbura; whilst he could 
afTord onlj a smile at the invention 
of the flatterer who could conyert 
the unpromising race of Dawson into 
scionji from theliouse of O^sune. 

p attracteil 
inquiry. 



I was more partieulorlv i 
lo this subject by a sligbt 
which 1 had rather contemplated than 



made, into the origin of the house of 
Herbert, Marquesses of Powis, und 
Earls of Pembroke, Mantaomcrir, and 
Carmarthen ; a race indeed sufficiently 
illustrious in its historical characters, 
to require no false glare of hypothetical 
pedigree ; but,whosc real source, from 
that very circumstance, is not perhaps 
unworthy of investigation. The com- 
mon ancestor of the -various lines of 
Herbert is beyond doubt a Welshnuin, 
Thomas ap Gwilim ap Jenkln, of 
LUnsanfraed, living in the reign of 
Richard the Second: who accjuired 
the Castle of KagUnd, in Monmouth- 
shire, by his marriase with Maud, 
daughter of Sir John Morley, lord of 
lhat|ilac«,whichpogsession isatthisday 
inherited by the Duke of Beaufort, an 
representative of lii- uiuiiriv->. Kliia- 
heth Herbert. till- a-iiijiin- „i, .11 Heiress 
of William sci-oii. I l-:,ii-|..C l\uilir.iki^ 
of the first rrciitinii, nmrrii'r! lo liis 
direct male anwstor, Cluirlc? Somer- 
set, first Earl of Worcester. This 
Thomas ap Gwilim is stud by Collins 
to have ilescended in ihe fifUi degree 
from a Peter Herbert, married " as 
the British Heralds assert," to Alice, 
daughter and heir of Brethin Brode- 
spere. To this point there is, I think, 
sure, at least fair evidence, inos- 
mucli ns Itcffinalil Herbert, the win of 
Pclcr, inherited Llanbowel through his 
mother Brethin. But who this Peter 
Herherl might be, seems a question to 
Collins himself, who is sUrtlctl at the 



onachronisiD of the Herald GlovsA 
when that functionary introduces I " 
as the son of Reginald Herbert, 
brother and heir of Herbert FiUt-Petov.' 
There is, I presume, sufficient evi- 
dence that Herbert Fitz-Peter (who, 
if not a Baron of the realm, at least 
held his lands by military service, sad 
appears to have been Lord of Breck- 
nock, mnon;; ninnv other jiotisessiotis} 
died in 1247, or 1248, leaving Regi- 
nald his brother and heir ; but whether 
Reginald himself had a brother named 
Peter, or whether Reginald had a 
younger son of that name, or whether 
one or the other is identified with 
Peter Herbert, the husband of Alice 
Brodesperc, who, from whatever itoek^ 
derived, sras, I think, the am " 
of the Herberts, — ia a matter of doul 
so f itr OS Colli ns's information 
The same sort of tangible ' 
which proves that Herbert Fiti-PeUr' 
died without issue, and left his brother 
Reginald his heir, shews him also ts 
be the son of Peter Herbert, a baroa 
of the realm in the reign of Kiii| 
John, and that his father, Herbert 
Fitz- Herbert, was chamberlain to 
Kiiig Steiihen, from whom, says Cam- 
den (perhaps with oassive caution), 
" the noble family or Herbert deduce 
their original."— Brit 339. But tf we 
iiieend higher up this mnuntaio of 
^neology, to ascertain the predie 
fountain from whence mued tba —*^' 
sei{ucntly potent stream, 
asMiileii by the doubl, whether to 
on " Herbert a natural son of H< 
the First, or on Henry FitX'Herl 
chamberlain to the said king/* 
If your C€)rrcspondent X. Y. 
other, can throw any light on these 
ficulties, he will oblige a retired lover 
of antiquity, who has no means of 
searching those stores of information 
which are deposited in our national 
archives, and who has no longer the 
opportunitv of conveniently consulting 
those lummaries of geneidog^ and 
topo^aphy, who, by the dSig 
learning, and acuteness which ifisv 
have brought to the task, have spread 
HO much mterest over those 
of their pursuit. 

Your*, Ice. Wu,TONSi<sis. 





I 



1846.] 



Lord BnmgharrCt Life of Voltaire. 



I 



Hk. UuAX, Cork, May 9. 

YOUR publication for this montli 
oineoi with a valuable crjtique^, so far 
•« it extends, on Lord Brougham's 
Lile of Volture, constituting ptut of 
his kmlBhip's recent volume, on " The 
Men of Letl«r9 and Science who 
nourithed in the time of George IH." 

That the learned peer came inode- 
(liutdy prepared for die undertaking 
i* tbere uncquivocallf eipresaed, and 
would have been far more lar^j 
piDTed, had the critic included in bis 
project a more comprehensive view of 
the work than that to which he has 
limited himself, — " of givine to your 
readers some idea of the optnionft en- 
tertained of Volt<ure's writings by 
{tenons of his own natioD, who lived 
ID later times." Two or three of his 
lonUhJp's errors are cursorily adverted 
to i bat nomerou}, beyond ccneral ob- 
serrsCion. will be found those which 
strict inquiry must discover. X re- 
IwsDce to the anlerior numbers of 
tfuii Journal, had their chamcter 
nihcd his plan, would have enabled 
the reviewer to con«ct several, as I 
tbotl have occasion to indicate ; inde- 
pendontly of others, which collectively, 
a detttiled eladdation, would occupy 
> ^prentcr space tbuit iliecretion pre- 
tcnbe* to me. Some few, however, 
of flamnt comiidisioD, which cannot 
be li^tly passed over, will probably 
strike his lordship's admirers with 

Our ex-(?Imncdilor's object, accord- 
]af to the reviewer, " was to give us 
a morr autliantic portrait of \ oltairc 
than that {ireseutttii by Condort«t, in 
Hm Lileof Voltairei" while, in fact, he 
ha* adopted nearly all that biogra- 
]^ef ■ Cmltj. Thus, he aUtes that the 



des comptes vont tres mali" and to 
the latter, " Ma fortune prend une 
toumure ai diaboliqne, que je seriu 
peut-^tre obligii de travailler pour 
vivre." In feet, his entire family in- 
heritance from father and brother 
only amotinted to four thousand francs 
a-year, though at his death he en- 
joyed an income fully equivalent to 
10,000/. sterling, otherwise acquired 
through a variety of combioed cban- 
neb. The advance of fortune from 
20«. or 300i. a-year (strictly only 
1B«.), to IO,(XKW. u not usuid m lite- 
rairlife. 

Arauo, Lord Brougham, copyit:g 
Condorcet, says, " A small estate, pos- 
sessed by the father, was called VoU 
tiure ; and the custom being in those 
days for younger children of wealthy 
commoners to take the name of their 
estate, leaving the family name to the 
eldest, Francois Marie, as the younger 
of the two sons, took the name of 
Voltaire." Now all this is utterly 
groundless, for no such property waa 
possessed by the father, or in truti 
existed ; and the name was nmplv the 
anaeraui of his natemal one, wiUi the 
distmctive adi^bon of/./, for Itjetau, 
or junior, his brother bi'ing ihc senior, 
or Faiai, an in tlic Dapin family at 
the present day. The proof vnlt 
be thus establisbed inconlrorertibly 
when placed in juxtapoaiUon. 



BXflKqiier office of cousiJerablc eino- 
luawut" (pagt- 12); words liorrowetl 
from Condorcet, Iiul M. Lc Pan, ano- 
ther bit^rapher, demonstrably shews, 
from the existing rcglstei-s of the of- 
fice, that the lituatiou held by Arouet. 
the father, was a subordinate one ; 
and Voltaire's own correspondence 
wltli Tbiriot, under dut« of 34 Sep- 
Imiber. ITii, and with iMadame de 
Bcruibres, in the month of .luly, lT2o, 
ke. represents the derived salary as 
incomtderablc. Ta (he former ho 
writes, " Noa afliurea de la chambrc 
Cm. Jlw. Vta. XXTJ. 



Every lettei- of the oririnal patro- 
nymic, with the adjunct of 1. j. will be 
here found repeated in the assumed 
appellative of Voltaire, the letter « in 
Arouet, and / in jeune, bdng, it is 
well known, tne same, or at least al- 
ways confounded or convertible with 
the r and i, adopted in the new name, 
lu 1711t this alteration was made, for 
VolUure had little fondness for the 
family designation. " Je vous ai en- 
vovc ma sgnature, dans laquelle j'ai 
oublje le nom d' Arouet, quej'ouhlle 
aasex volontiers," arc the expressions 
of a letter to bis Parisian agent, the 
Abbe Moussinot, the ITth May, 1741. 
Some Tears since fac-siniileB of tlie 
original; signature, " Arouet I. j." 
were produced in the LeOrti Cluati- 
ptnoitM. (Bui see the Duhlm, Ra- 



i 



i 



» 



Lmri BnughmCs L^ tf Voknrt. 



CM. 



Tieir, Xo. 96, fior s more enluved 
derelopaient of diis and other 
itiocitted muetatements of Lord 
Bn»gliam*i hastj productioii.) 

His lordship, at page 79, 5aj3 that 
OB the whole there seems no suffident 
reaaoD to auection the Platonic cha- 
neter of Voltaire*! interoourse with 
Madame Da Chitelet, which the re- 
viewer pamingi T notes as a mistake ; 
but distinct evidence of its criminality, 
open and nnveiled, is dedocible fixmi 
¥oltaire*s correqxmdence, and at- 
tested bj an' accnmulation of contem- 
poraneous testimony, which assures 
OS that the lady had been rather pro- 
d%al of her favoors ; for amongst her 
previous lovers, the Duke of Richelieu 
was liejond doubt a successful one, 
and both during and after Voltaire's 
intercourse, the nandsome Marquis de 
8t Lambert was admitted to her bed. 
He was indeed the father of the child 
whose birth caused her death, for 
which Voltaire bitterly reproached 
him, and sympathised with the passive 
husband on this consequence of the 
triumph obtained by their younger 
rival over both. It is singular enough 
that the two most celebrated men of 
the age were thus sacrificed to the 
superior personal attractions of St. 
Lambert ; for, some few years after, he 
Was preferred to J. J. Rousseau, by 
Madame de Houdet(>t, the eccentric 
Genevan*s only genuine love. 

The reviewer truly observes, that 
Lord Brougham most erroneously 
ascribes to Voltaire the merit of 
having been the first to throw new 
Ught on the early history of Rome, 
^rizonius, in his " Animadversiones 
Historical, in quibus (juam plurima 
in priscis Romanarum rerum auctori- 
bus notantur," (Amsterd. 1685, 8vo), 




Nuova," first published at Naples, in 
1725 ; and again^ Beaufort m his 
** Dissertations sur Flncertitude dcs 
cinq premiers sidles de FHistoire Ro- 
ihlune,** which appeared in 1738. All 
these, with others, had expressed the 
▼lews more recently unfolded by 
Niebuhr ; whereas Voltaire's observa- 
tions first met the public eye in an 
article of the Encyclopedic, printed 
hi 1757. 

At page 10$| our learned lord sajs^ 



that "^ die best of 
are Z(«%, one beantifld dial e r of 
whidi our Pamdl has versiMdand 
improved in his Hermit ; the Iw^em^ 
and, above all, Odm&Ip.** Now, as 
to the first, Fkmell died in 1717, be- 
fore Vdtahe had ever published a 
page in prose, and anterior by thirtj- 
one years to his Zadigy here repre- 
sented as our countryinan*8 model! 
This chapter of Zadig pillaged frooft, 
and not borrowed by, FarMl, ia die 
twentieth ; and the discovery of the 
{dagiarism bj Fr^n, became the 
source of Voltaire*s deadly hatred. 
^ Ce n*est pas assez de rendre FV6noli 
ridicule ; Tecraser est le plaiahr,** wrole 
t^patriarehe to D'Argental, the 15tfa 
February, 1761. He similariy pene- 
cuted and denounced to the biglier 
powers many more objects of his 
enmity; Maupertuis, La Beanmdle, 
Jore, the two Rou8seaus,De8 Fontaines, 
&c. ; for if he preached, he oerlaiblj 
did not practise, toleration. In refer- 
ence to the tale of Candide, Lord 
Brougham affirms " that Dr. Johnaon 
spoke of it with unstinted admiratioii, 
professing that had he seen it he 
shotdd not have written his Raaselas.** 
On two occasions only do we find 
Johnson allude to Candide; at paoe 
331 of the first, and 221 of the fbuiA 
volume of Boswell, in Oro|per*8 8vt). 
edition ; and in neither is his lordah^'s 
assertion supported. ^' Voltaire^ 
Candide is wonderfully similar in its 
plan and conduct to Rasselas,** observes 
Boswell, adding, " in so much that I 
have heard Johnson say, that if tbey 
had not been published so dosely one 
after the other, it would have been m 
vain to deny that the scheme of that 
which came latest was taken from tfae 
other." Here, surdy, Johnson's hm- 
guagc by no means conve3rs the senfte 
attnbuted to it, "that had he seen the 
Candide, he would never have written 
his own tale.** And when in the 
fourth volume wc find him remark, 
" that Candide had more power iii it 
than any tiling that Voltaire had 
written, we must bear in ij^Kid, tiiat 
Johnson's depreciation of VbltaSre's 
talents reduces thb relative merit to 
a very slender eulorv, expiiesnye cer- 
tainly of no spedal admiriati<)n, as 
averred by Lord B^tigfatoi. John- 
son's words are Aereme manifestly 
tanscoDstnied* 



i<46.:i 



£ard Brovglum's t^ of VoHairt. 



I 



\ 



V*olUire'<i«i!olleetKiii of the Engliafa 
tonga«. in hU old age, ia laudably 
meotioDHl by the leameil {leer, and 
ex«3Dplificil by the disticli ailtlressi'd 
to the lute Joseph Crwlock, in return 
fbr ihia gentletiian's tn^cdy of Zo- 
bmfe, ronndeil on tin Prenrb poet's 
Umhu, " Lea SoythM." viz. 



** ThtBki 10 yonr muit, ■ fOrelf n copper 

Turned Into tolit.indfoIardinitcrllngUflH.i* 
But thia effort at once roc&Ua It) oiir 
memory Ijoni Itoticonuiion'« words : 

'^ Tbc veirblT buJIIon oTonr ■tfrllnt: iioc 
DoiWB 10 Vnach nire Mould throufli whale 

Tim ))Iagiamm In obvious. Vol- 
Uire'i letter, dated QIat October, 1773, 
and pilfered veree, lirgt appeared in 
die GentJeiiian'e Magazine for Ja- 
iroan, 1827, and niU again be found 
alhided to in tiic tama joumul for 
I>ec«iaber, 1844, jigge SSfl. H\» 
lonlflh^ im tJiis nrcuion, cuufcr* a 
Actor* degrer ou Mr. Cradock, who 
neror eojoyed tJiut title, H. Walpulc 
resiarks on a letter from Vollaire to 
LqkI Lytl«lton, " iliat not one norti 
of it WW in lolerablf Kuglish" (Cor- 
remndcncc with Sir H. Slnnn, vol. i- 
|W Sl)_; and surely the few altered 
imd* in Lord RoKoinmnn*g siiiritei] 
i£|(ich offered no evidence of \m re- 
taiDoI English, though while in tliis 
oouMtt he had ocqiuretl its rniniliiiT 
UW| ulorwunli; so perverted in his 
ooaunentiu-ies on Shakn^iere, whom he 
C»U< » Mtny-itudrrie, in a letter tii 
O'AIeotbert, TOth Aug. 1774. 

A itriking piiture, aa»orU Lord 
praaghun, (at p^e 1'28,) of Vol- 
Uofa'* pniren of fonverasiion is given 
bj Oolilnnlih, who psMed an evening 
in hi* comnony almnc tlic year 1754. 
No man whoni he had ever »iocn ex- 
edled Vnllairc, nnd " tioldirmith hiul 
lived with the iiiosi famoiu wiu of ihe 
uorl'l- Miedullv orhi! own country — 
with Uurki?. Windhain, JohnMo, ficau- 
i-lerk. Vox." />•: There arose « dispute 
in the parly upon ihe Eii;;1isli twlc 
uid lileratnre — Diderot W!W the tint 
lu join batde irith Fonicnellts who 
defiral«il liim cuily. •• Voltaire, con- 
tiDuea liuMsniith, rcniuncd «ilcnt and 
ptMlie f-rr a locjg while. At last, 
abont midiiL^hi, he began and (poke 
(or Bcvly threi- hour*. Never was I 
rv much charmed, nor ever was so 



abiolute a victory as he gained." Tliif 
well -told story was already ani- 
madverted on in the Gentlenuui's Ma- 
irazine for April, 1837. page SS9, and 
for the Bubsei]uent July, page 14, 
where tdg whole was pioved a pvib 
ncTioM, invented by fjoldsmith I* 
enliven bU sketch of ^'oltaire'g lift. 

Not A WOBD or THE CBAPUIC HAS- 

BATii-E IS Tars; for, as demon*trated 
in the article just quoted of this peri- 
odical, grounded on irred-agable au- 
thorities (ToIfai^e'^ Diderot's, &o.) 
such a meeting never ociiurred. Vol- 
taire remained absent Irom Paris, the 
rceae of the tale, from 1750 to 1778, 
and corLseqneutly could not have been 
there ui or about 1754, nor had Gold- 
smith ever l>een out of England till this 
lost- men tioDedjcar. Never, again, had 
Diderot met Font«nelle in Voltaire's 
society (see Diderot and Grimm's 
Memotrea Ilistoriquesitome 1, p. 339) ; 
and when it is recollected that Fon- 
teoclle at this period, (ITSJ, (or imtil 
(hen (joldsmith had never been in 
i'ariis) only wanted a year or eighteen 
months of a fiill century, with a defect of 
hearing, which even an applied trumpet, 
we arc asiured by Marmontel, (Mi- 
moires, tome 1, p. .100.) could scarcely 
con((uer, we are lulonlahed at Lord 
Broughnni'B snnc^on to his introduc- 
tion ax on interlocutor and fixed 
auditor ftir three hours after midni^l, 
ou such an occasion. Uis lordSup 
admit*, St page 13, the centenarians 
Mc, but lost sight of it in adopting 
tCis absurd fiction. Then, on assert- 
ing that (joldsniilh had nsBOcIat«d 
with Fox and Windham, he should 
have known that Goldsmith's atory 
was published in 17.99, when the former 
was just ten, aud the latter mne years 
old, rather premature, :t must be 
owned, to he classed with those " most 
fainouB wit£," from consorting with 
whom the writer mar be presumed 
'-ompetent to ntipreciate the com- 
parative power 01 Voltaire's conversa- 
tion. It would be ilifficult to combine, 
indeed, so striking a series of incmi- 
nidencieB, which ret have been crowned 
by the accompliMcd peer's itdoption. 

Ills lordship, at p. Ill, assigns just 
iiraise to Voltaire for his xeaJoua ad- 
■ocacy of the innocence of Calaa, and 
- "■ -he family; but, m re- 
reviewer, the b«Iiefb 
by no m«aiu *o 



4 



llkta 



M 



^ 



Lord Bnmgham't L^e of Voltaire. 



[July, 



general at Tonloofle, where, in 1793, 
I heard seyeral impartial and most 
respectable persons, witnesses of the 
trial, maintain the full justice of the 
sentence, though my own impression 
of the unhappy man's having fallen a 
victim to popular delusion continued 
unchanged. I might here again refer 
to the columns of this Magazine, but, 
in fact, scarcely can any of Lord 
Brougham's multitudinous aberra- 
tions be cited which will not be en- 
countered by an anticipated correction 
In this journal. See in the number 
for December 1838, page 596, and in 
that for November 1839, p. 498, and a 
special article in that for December 
1842, on his lordship's "Political 
Philosophy," with numerous occasional 
indications of incidental errines ; but 
his lordship's carelessueps of inquiry 
or assertion is, in truth, most glaring, 
while in daily increase, as he continues 
to write on subjects not within the 
sphere of his personal observation, such 
as his sketches of Britishcontoniporary 
statesmen, which are always replete 
with instruction and entertainment. 

But of all the strange and anomalous 
views of Lord Brougham, his con- 
struction of blasphemy in the work 
before us, and removal of the impu- 
tation from Voltaire, must appear most 
flagrant. Without, however, quoting 
his words, for the sophism which they 
convey has occupied considerable room 
in his volume, we may oppose to him 
Blackstone's distinct contradiction of 
the interpretation. " The fourth species 
of offences," states that author (book iv. 
chap. 4), " more immediately against 
God and religion, is that of blasphemy 
against the Almighty, by denying 
his being or providence, or by con- 
tumelious reproaches of our Saviour 
Christ. Whither also may be referred 
all profane scoffing at the Holy Scrip- 
ture, or exposing it to contempt and 
ridicule." Now the slightest acauaint- 
ance with Voltaire's works will shew 
that nearly all the lucubrations of his 
oldj^e, exclusive of various attacks 
on Christianity in his younger days, 
were aimed at the subversion of the 
Christian creed, and revelation in 
general, by every engine of contumely 
and ridicule. His Faceties^ Philo- 
sophical Dictionary, &c. have hardly 
another object, wliich is pursued with 
Satanic virulence, but of which we 



forbear soiling these pages with ex- 
amples. To prove, however, that his 
warfare — ^his constant exhortation — 
'^Ecrasez I'infame," hadan unequivocal 
applicaUon to Christianity in its com- 
prehensive sphere, and was not directed 
against his native faith solely, from a 
mass of evidence I shall briefly die 
his letter of 26th June, 1765, to his 
confederate in evil, Hdvetius : — " Nous 
avons," says he, ** des livres qui d^- 
montrent la faussetc et I'horreur des 
dogmes chretiens ; mais nous aurions 
besoin d'un ouvrage qui fit voir com- 
bien la morale des vrab philosophes 
I'emporte sur celle du chnstianisme." 
And, in a letter to the Empress Catha- 
rine, the 4th April, 1771, ne earnestly 
supplicates her "d'engager Alj-Bey 
de lairo rebatir le temple de Jerusa- 
lem," with the obvious design of dis- 
proving, by visible demonstration, the 
prophejiied doom and irrevocable fall 
of tnat sacred edifice. 

Our learned lord, however, would 
gladly confine the eternal denunciation, 
"Kcrasez I'infame," in appliance to 
Voltaire's parental creed, the asserted 
corruptions of which, flashing on his 
hero's precocious mind, the noble 
biographer presents as the cause and 
psdCation of his religious infidelitv. 
" He is not to be blamed," adds his lord- 
ship, " for having begun to doubt the 
truths of Christianity, in consequence 
of his attention having originally been 
directed to the foundations of the 
system, by a view of the falsehoods 
which have been built upon those 
truths." (page 6.) On this deduction 
of source and emanating consequence 
we must, in fairness of argument, trace 
and acknowledge, from a consonance 
of result, an identity of cause ; and, if 
so, are not all the dissident per- 
suasions from the Church of Home 
equally amenable for the spiritual 
perversion of their original communi- 
cants? Must we not, therefore, in 
parity of reasoning, impute to our 
established Church, and to the other 
sections of Christianity, the religious 
delinquency of tlie Bolingbrokes, 
Shaflesburys,Chesterfields, theHobbes, 
TmdaUs, Clmbbs, Collins, Halleys, 
Humes, Gibbons, Adam Smiths, 
Paynes, Home Tookes, Carlisles, San- 
dersons, &c. &c. amouff ourselves; and 
abroad, of Frederick of Prussia, Catha- 
rine of Russia, (bom and educated in 



1646.3 



Lofd Bvougham't lAfi of Voltair*. 



I 



I 



the Frotefttant faith.) with most of 
the profeuon of Proteatnat German/, 
Kant, Hegd, Wcisce, Bauer : abo those 
of GencTB BDil iU poBlorB, ae described 
by D'AJembert in 1737, uid raufinncd 
br ihe rerj recent testiwonv of Mr. 
S, Lain"? {Notes of » Trai-efler, pajp; 
.126.) Nor should we omit in this lui- 
fuUloweil list the eonipicuoua names of 
Bayle, StniiBn, Holtmch, the Chevalier 
Hutiseb. Franklin, Jefiersou, with nil- 
meraiu other professed or vii'tual in- 
fidels. And, though lesd notorioiu, uol 
less certain is the absence of Christjau 
tkhli in Ihoje coostantl; invoked pillars 
of our egl«bli«faeil creed and cunati- 
tution, the great Chatham, and his 
equally renowned sou. For this mtlan- 
efaolr tart we have the high anthurity 
of tic benevolent Wilberfoiw, Che 
younger Fitt'ii bosom friend for nuuiy 
reacB, who, in u contiduntial letter ol' 
Lis corrvBponilencc (vol. !!.)> moum- 
fiUly dwdb on tlw subject to his friend 
Ur. Cisbonic. "Lord Chatham, I 
fear, died without the smallest thought 
of God," inys the celebrated pni- 
laatliitipjit. And of the son he states 
thaL in his linul Iiour, this gi'uat 
minuter was alike iiiiliBjKised to per- 
fonu any relimoiui act, though he 
allowed his colfege tutor. Dr. Tomline, 
ihco Bishop of Lincoln, rather rc- 
loctontly, it would anpear, to read a 
pTMer, which the aying statcstuuu 
had at first objected tu hear. No 
fortbur intercourse of a i>acred nature, 
Ur. l^niberforce appreheoded, took 
place before or aftur, and the narrative 
uf the [lUbUc prints cnuhl not, he adds, 
be (nitv But with far more eoerKyof 
aMiirtion, wc are assured by Lady 
Holer Stanhope, an attendant of the. 
iloath-bod, "that her uncle, William 
Fitt, never went to church, or talked 
of rdi^on. while Dr. Ptvtyman (the 
■une as Tomline) thought proper to 
pul into hb dying mouth toxae prous 
atfirattons. — A decided' lie," adds hei- 
uBoourWoui ladyship, who nurticipated 
in tlM Dusfiirtnne of family unbelief. 
We llias see to what extent of unde- 
nnUe responiiihUity Lord Brougham, 

' Dttided a the enervalcd substitolc 
of tlu* (ceentricfemale'iorrpDal and more 
dunctcristic epithEt of d—d. bj her 
liiiiiiMiinti biognpher, u I hiTC besrd, 
and May ■ howMci nnladrlike the atteml 
etproBtoa wu, uaily be ben. 



39 

in the intensity of bis aversion to one 
creed, expoeea all others, of which 
severally some representative will be 
here lUscoverable. 

His lordship overlooks, or passes 
without corresponding animadversion, 
the vile and odious devices wlucb 
Voltaire unscrupulously practised and 
recouunended to his votaries, in pro- 
pagation of his anti-Chtistian warlare. 
" Mcniez, mes amis — mentez — non pas 
timidement, non pas pour nn tempt, 
nutis bardiment et toujours." he un- 
blushingiy wrote to his friend ThiSriot, 
the 21st of October, 1736. And the 
decease of every eminent writer was 
sure to be followed by some postbu- 
mous publication attributed to him, 
however contradictory to his principle*. 
New editions, too, were printed of 
various esteemed works, such as " Pas- 
cal's Tliougkts." "Kuler's Letters," &c. 
inlerpulated with passages, in utter 
celTHngement of the object of thtoe 
asserlors of Christianitr. His niece, 
"' dame Denis, 
ill characterising 
de I'argent vous 
forcex pas de vous hair," — espr^ons 
which his lordship indulgenUy inter- 

Erets as applied to her uncle's temper, 
ut which surely bear a much more 
comprehensive construction ; as still 
more explicitly does the succeeding 
sentence, " Vous cles le dernier dea 
hommes par le cteur." 

Our learned peer, I may observCt 
has omitted Voltwre's appropriate and 
indignant reply to the Chevalier de 
Rohan-Cbabot s insolent demand as 
to who he was adcr their attercatioa 
at the bulel of the duke of Solly, " Je 
snis le premier dc mon nom, et vous le 
dernier du votre," on antithesis which, 
in his "Rome Sauvfe," he makes Cicero 
retort on Catiline ; and ^'oltaire often 
acted the part of Cicero in this pieces 
by far tlio most diicccssful of his per- 
M)nal cicliJbitions, on his own theatre. 
" Moo nom caoimeDce en moi ■. de voire 

honneur jnlDux, 
Trembles qaevotre nam ne fiiiisse en vous." 

Many, very many oilier nmisslona in 
tbia biography, and some of importance i 
to the subject, I could indicate or sup- 
ply, did my prescribed bounds permit 
me ; but, on the other hand, what are 
we to think of tie ei-keepcr of the 
royal consciencu, who, in reference Vt 



n 



£om) Bitmghm't Xj^ »/ VoUaire, 



V^, 



t work of deepest obBcenity and pro- 
fiination, coouy writes at page 58, — 
** The Fttcelle was b^un to armue him 
while obliged to fly from Paris in 1784, 
by the persecutions he suflfered on ac- 
count of his ^'Letters on England." 
ITlkisi truly, is a singular innocence 
of expression applied to one of the 
moBt infamous and cormptiTe pro- 
ductions of perverted talent or de- 
bauched imagmation, though his lord- 
ship had, in a previous page (42), more 
suiti^bly adverted to tnis abominable 
poem. 

Stall, with your reviewer, whose 
discrinunative taste and impartiality of 
judgment, in weighing the merits and 
defects of the learned peer^s composi- 
tion, I cannot but applaud, I coraially 
agree in commendms his lordship^ 
critical remarks on Voltaire^s dramatic 
poems and minor effusions, when the 
Uitter are not licentious ; but his lord- 
ship much overrates the Henriode. 
Hayley, in his Essay on Epic Poetry, 
has not ill characterised it : 

"Thy verse displays, beneath an epic name, 
Wit's flinty spurk for Fancy's solar flame." 

Tliough praised by Lord Chesterfield 
for i^ good sense^ and exalted far 
))eTond its value by Marmontd, it is 
^pi read. Of his comedies,* they are 
utter ffulures, all ; but some of the 
traffic compositions are of high merit, 
such as Mcrope, Zaire, with one or 
two more. Napoleon, however, who, 
according to M. Thiers, in his recent 
publication on the Consulate and 
Empire, *^avait autant d'esfunt (|uc 
Yqlwure," (livrc vi.) entertained no 
advantageous opinion of the poetV 
dramatic genius. In Las Casas (Avril, 
22->i25, 1816) we read: "Racine et 
Voltaire ont fait Ics frais de ces soirees. 
Fh6ire, Athalie, qui nous dtaient lues 
par l^Empereur, ont fait nos d^iccs. 
u igoutait dcs observations et des> 
cqinmentaires, qui leur donnaicnt un 
nouveau prix. ISfahomet, au contraire, 
uM Pobjetde sa plus vive critique," &c. 
" D est etonnant," proceeded the Ex- 
Emperor, " combieu pen Voltaire sup- 
pprte la lecture. On ne croira qu*avec 
peme, qu*au moment de la rdvolution 
Voltaire eut detrone Con^eille et Ra- 
cine." Elsewhere, Napoleon says that 

* |n his Nqnit^, we find this verse of 
UVtonndii^ alliteration. 
•• Non» il n'y a rien qw Nanine n'hoaore I" 



Voltahre was '* boursonfl^ peanatorel,'* 
though he highly euWizea a particuliir 
scene of ^ Cl&ipe." i^kdComeille lived 
under the imperial swav, he would 
have been created a Pnnoe; and of 
that great poet it may not be generaUj 
known, that Charlotte Coraay, the 
patriotic Judith who rid the world of 
the monster Marat, the 17th July, 
1793, was the fifUi in descent froin 
him. On the subject of literature, we 
may also observe that Lord Brougham, 
in desi^jnating the elder, or Jean 
Baptiste Kousseau, calls him *^ a mid- 
ling writer,*" though long the ac- 
knowledged, the undisputed head of 
the lyric poets of his country, unless, 
indeed, his supremacy may now be 
contested by Beranger, amore popular, 
from the national character of his 
sones, but surely not a superior writer. 
Had his lordship confided less in his 
own, and more in the critical judgm^it 
of the French on Rousseau^s produc- 
tions, he must have expressed himself 
in very different languaj^ of him who, 
for many years, was distinguished as 
** le ^and Rousseau.** In similar de- 
preciation of first-rate powers of com- 
position, and I may truly add with 
equal incompetency of estimating the 
idiom and style of France, he has as- 
serted that, vrith the exception of his 
^ Confessions,** Jean Jacaues Rousseau 
wrote in inferior French. (Siaietmen, 
vol. ii. p. 218.) But the universal 
voice of France places the ^^ citixen 
of Geneva'* in the first line of her 
eloquent and impressive autliors ; and 
now, for nearly a century, he stands 
unmoved from this elevated rank and 
unsurpassed height of fame, however 
i^eprchcnsible in moral or political 
doctrine he may be considei^. 

At page 121, our learned peer con- 
iidentiy avers '^ that Voltaire had 
outlived aU his detractors, idl his 
quarrels ;** another proof, were it re- 
quired, of his imperfect acquaintance 
with French literature, or its con- 
tributors. Many of his adversaries, in 
fact, survived the Pairiarche^ among 
whom we may name tHe just-men- 
tioned Rousseau (J. J.), to whom he 
had applied the imseemly epithets of 
**polisi>on — ^valet del>ic»6ie — une ime 
petrie de boue et de ^lSl^* &c. because 
nis most successful rival in literary 
supremacy. The Abb^ Ooger, whom he 
nicknamed ^ Cog€ Focus ;** the Abb^ 



1846.] 



Lord Brougham, Life of VoUnire. 



Vonott«, Benliier, Bnd Gu^ee, wilb 
tfae iDo^stral^ M. ie CompignRn, and 
Larcher thi: tconiEtl ti'uoalubir of 
Herodotui, also survived him, bosidt-s 
leveral others, 1«is tmblicl; known- 
Larclier'j dealli. In 1H12, wfta poslin'tor 
(O Voltairu'i by 3-t je».rs- lie hod 
oltracUd the in-italilc pii«t';< liale bj> 
Uu! detection of various cbronologli'nl 
blundicn. 

Yolloire's ardeut and suL'cesst'ul 
utertions [o rescue the memDrie.'* ul' 
Calu and Lallj, victiius of variant 
praJBdloetr &oni enduring stun, well 
jHrtiiy bis Imd^p's encomiums ; but, 
tbonoB the cruel Bentcna' on youn^ 
Lift avn deserveti, In Itu itDiueusm^n 
ezce«8, the de^)eat r^rubatioD, yet 
the deitruclion of a pultUc crucifis. 
and cbotit in public of Impioiu songi, to 
tfau horrar and scBudal uf the peoiile, 
should Dot surd; be %hil^ ovmooKcd 
im onnwticeable iu^screiions, sudi i\g 
Vollxirei with conwnant feeUi^ re- 
praMDti the ollcDces. V-^ dSTeranl 
was (hi! light in vhich uiose ^cU 
■truck the Grent Frederidc, who, in- 
fid«J tfaoneh he vr»a, thus addressed 
Voltmire, Uie 7th of August, lT6fi ^— 
"Iiktcitnequia'est »aas&esttrat^que: 
■Ml nV B-t-il pM tie k Inutu dc ceux 

ffiu«ltmp^ci8l' .... Iliivfuutpasmii.- 
philoBojrfue uneourage de pomfltLi 
actions, m qu'ef le frondt^ de9 jugea uui 
n'Mit uu proQoncer autrenient qu \\a 
<nl fait. Lu toU'rUQce ui: doit paij 
t'Jtendn: & autorisur I'efiVwitcrie, et 
h licence de j«une« cioui-dis, qui in- 
mltent audacieusemcnt h ce que Ic 
peuphi fEvhrK." In the uoibrtimnte 
toiiui'b iwckct, when um^ted, yna 
nAtnd a volume oi" Volliiire'j Philo- 
ai^Jlieal Dictumar}', Llie source of his 
perverMnn, die iiistigalor uf his deed?. 
«nd, bv i.'«nse(]atiuc«, llic virtual cau.-'i: 
ofbuUktu. 

Our noble and learned author's 
abemtiotiE, the rrader may be assured, 
arc bf no means conHncd to the in- 
■tancts herv produced \ bat these iip- 
paa the most prominent, and will saS- 
ndentlj' diaractcriKe hia acbievcnient, 
mnre ei>])«)rlallj when supported, as vc 
aaj expect, by the coincidioc, in 
Hlt«taiico, though varytiu id form, 
cmrae of evidence adoplcdby the re- 
who has here preceded me, 
at, too, hare been found b the 
inictea of his volume, scientific 
■ad literary, the field and birveat li 



31 

critical oninuuiversiOD ; and his lord- 
ship's fame will assuredly be little 
enhanced by the lule rapid emanation! 
of bii) pen, except, a.s before mention^, 
on personages and evehta stamped on 
his own recollection. He ubuses htl 
I'aciUty uf composition ; but, as hu 
beon pointelly said, ^'■esm writijig Is 
damned Lord rending;" and, with all dae 
adinission of hiit lonGbip's maltiptied at- 
laiiiments, BoiIcBU*s llijes on Scndfry's 
similar hiutine^s of publication, may not 
be olti^ther inapplicable to some of 
his tiller firoduelions. 



•IVanefe 
of bis 
eelehrateil 



Tinp the ItirtJier coiiaideratiDn 
lordship's biography of t&e 
' " fi-inlididto your able 

! am, &c. J. E. 



Ma. L'asAV, Maij 19. 

I VENTURE to coiTcct an em* 
into wliich the autliorens of a lushlv 
interesting work, recently publided, 
ajjpeors to have fallen, in herprefiitory 
remarks upon a letter from ^lizabetli, 
Uuchetid of Norfolk, to her brother. 
Lord Staflbrd, forming No. 87 of the 
" Letters of B^al and lUustrioiu 
Ladies of Great Britiun." 

Mis9 Wood <ibaerves. that the date 
ol' the letter "must' bi^ posterior to 
1347, Trhen Henry StulTcrd was re- 
stored to the title ol' Lord Staflbr^," 
and ituotes an error of Ungdale, witit- 
out wholly corrcclJng it, via. tliat 
Llenry, the restored Itaron Staffoi^ 
and lady Ursula his wife, hail otdyone 
daughter, "who urterwards mairied 
Sir iViIliam Neville, of Chevey."" 

The assumption that the date of 
the letter was posterior to 1347, when 
Lord Stafford wu restored t<j hia 
baronial honours at a, peer of the 
realm, appears to be baaed yolely on 
the expression, "Lady StafTord, as 
applied by the Duchess of Norfolk to 

* The manifeM error of '■ Chtvi ,'' for 
ChebHy, appears to have ariflin wilh the 
printfr, ■■ the psssage referrad to in 
the BaroBBje clearljr gives " Chebtay.'^ 



32 



The Barony of Stafford. 



[July, 



her brother's wife. I apprehend that 
the only concliuiion as to date which 
can be drawn from this expression in, 
that the letter was not written before 
1531. In that year, the sou and 
natural heir of the attainte<l Duke of 
Buckingham, by a slight glimmering 
of roytu favour, became possessed in 
fee simple of a very small yet im- 
portant part of his ancient hereditary 
estates, which, by peculiar custom, as 
old at least as the reign of Edward 1. 
conferred on its possessor the title 
or appellation of baroiu, or lord, Tlie 
case referred to is a royal grant, tested 
15 July, 23 Ilcn. VIU. (1531),* of 
the castle and manor of Stafford, with 
all its members, &c. in these formal 
words, " Henrico Stafford Domino 
Stafford et Urnde uxori ejus et he- 
rembus sum de corporibua eorum le- 
gitHmeprocreatis;'' tneword*'D<wwiiio,** 
as a title applied to him, occurring 
^we times in tne grant. The presence 
and use of the title of lord in this 
grant, the grantee not being at the 
tune restored nor elevated to the 
dignity and privileges of a i>eer of the 
r^lm, either by Act of I*arliament or 
new creation, may be taken as evi- 
dence, th&i in the reiffu of Henry VIII. 
the crown recognized the right of the 

S[)ssessor of the castle and manor of 
tafibrd, &c. to the style and title oi' 
lord or baron, as being vested in the 
tenure of that land barony, whilst^ on 
the other hand, it conlirmed the 
principle enunciated by the law, said 
to have been passed after the battle 
of Evesham and surrender of Kenil- 
worth,t circa 1266-7, and established 
by Edward the First and his suc- 
cessors, viz. that tenure by barony 
gave no right to demand a writ of 
summons to Pairliainent, nor claim to 
the dignity, rank, and privilege of a 
peer of the reubii.t Vurthcr weight 
13 added to this i'^ iacnee from the fact 
of the title being appli<Ml to Lord 
Stafford on two other occasions. In 
the calendar to the Close Rolls of 
26 Hen. VIII. (1.>;U) is this entiy, viz. 
"Indcntura fivctuper llcnricuin domi- 
num Staffortl et alios tJohaimi Corbett 



* Pat. Rolls, 2:J H. 8, p. 2, m. 3G. 
•f Hallam's Middle Ages, Camden*B 
Britannia, and Banki'i Baronage. 
t R«porta on the Dignity of a Peer. 
4 



armigero;** and in that of the Fat. 
RolU of 31 Hen. VIII. (1?39) p. 3, 
there is this, **Rex,9*^die Jmii, concedit 
literas patentes de Innotessimus pro 
Domino Stafford de castello et manerio 
de Cans,'* &c. 

Uiion the nuality of the tenure of 
Stafford Castle, &c. as the caput 
baronia?, I may further remark tnat 
in the reign of Edw. I. prior to the 
first regumrly constituted Parliament 
in 23 Edw. I. and before the issuing 
of the earliest special writ of summons 
to Parliament to a member of the 
Staffoi*d family (which did not take 
place till the summoning the Parlia- 
ment of 27 Edw. I.) the possessors ol* 
the castle and manor or Stafford, by 
virtue of tenure, are, in several writs 
of summons for military service, and 
in every such case, called " baro,^ or 
" le Baron de Stajfr§ Tius is a re- 
markable peculiarity, of which there 
is no other instance on record until 

22 Edw. I. when John de Greystok 
was summoned to a council as ** Baro 
de Greystok." In every case of a 
summons to Parliament from 27 Edw. I. 
down to the charter creating Ralph 
Baron of Staffonl an Earl, 25 Edw. III. 
the write to the Staffords were directed 
to them as Barons of Stafford ; and 
with the sole exception of the Grey- 
stoks the custom was peculiar to this 
family. II It is therefore probable, 
that, in conHC<|uencc of the grant of 

23 Hen. VIII. Lord Staffonl assumed, 
and his circle of relatives and friends 
applied to him, the title of Lord in 
1531, which was 16 years before his 
restoration to the dignity and privileges 
of a peer of the realm, by a patent 
creation of Baron to him and the heirs 
male of his body in 1 Edw. VI. 

Returning to the subject of the date 
of the Duchess of Norfolk's letter, — 
there are very strong reasons for con- 
cluding that it could not have been 
written in, or after 1545. In that year, 
the chief subject of the Duchess's letter, 
her youngest niece Dorothy Stafford, 



§ Close Rolls, 5 E. 1, dors. m. 12; 
Welsh Rolls, 10 E. 1, dors. m. 7 and 10 ; 
the same, 11 E. I, dors. m. S and 3 ; the 
same, 15 E. 1, dors. m. 10. 

II Summonses, printed in the Appendix 
to the Reporta on the Dignity of a Peer 
wd the fame Reports. 



1846.] 



On the Affinity itf Languages. 



I 



I 



I 

I 



who was born in 1526,' became the 
wife of William Swflbrd if and it is 
quite clear from the tone of the letter 
and ^at^cript, that her niece was not 
nuuTied at the time of the duchess's 
writing. William StaObrd, her hus- 
band, was second son of Sir Hum- 
phrey Stafford, of Blatherwick, who 
died -n Sept. 1545. He had before 
married Mitry, the sister of Queen 
Anne Boleyn, and widow of Witlitm 
Gary, esnuire of the body t« Henrv 
Vm. which Mary died 30 July, 



I343.J In 1545, the 






tiage with Dorothy Staflbrd. he was 
dubbed a knight by the Earl of Hert- 
ford, in Scotland, on 23 Sepl.§ In 
consequence of this second alliance, 
his elder brother. Sir Huinphri-y Staf- 
ford, of Blatherwick, demised to him 
the manor of Chebsey, co. 8taflbrd.|| 

In the pedigree of Stafford, in Du^- 
dale's Baronage, vol. i. p. \51. this 
match is correctly stated, vii. "Do- 
rothea, ux. Wm. Staflbrd de Chebaej 
Mil. ;" and the error respecting it at 
p. 171, quoted by Mias Wood, is in 
the Bodleian copy of the Baronage 
corrected by Dnguale'a own hand. 

Eegardinff the other daughters of 
Henry Lord Stafford, whom Dugdale 
entirely omits, the names of five, he- 
sides Dorothy, are recorded in a pe- 
digree in the Harleian CoUection,ir 
Tiz. Anne, Margaret, Elizabeth, Mary, 
and Susan. In vlncent's copies of the 
V~isitatiiMB of Stalfordshlre in 1583 
and 1614, in the Herulds' College, only 
Mary and Dorothy are mentioned, 
and the forma- as not having married. 

Yours, kc. Benj. W. Gbe£;<f[eij). 



Mr. Ukdan, Huddertfieid, May 1. 

AT the instance of some of your 
philoldjrical readers, I once more re- 
sume tfie subject of the affinities of 



• Sultard MSS. in the pouesdon of 
Lord Bsgot, which date correspoadt with 
tboie giien in her mtmumenCal insuriptian 

in St. Margsret'B Churth, WentmitiBter. 
t Hnrl. MSS. 3B1, f. 149, u.d 4031, 

r. lie. 

t Ebc. 35 H. 8, sDd Uarl. MS. 6-10. 
p. 197. 

$ Rarl. MS. 60G3,a[t. 31. 

II Chetwjnd't Coll. u quoted ia Camp- 
bell"* Stafford Pecrigo, and Erileiwick's 
Staffonlihire. 

f HmL MS. S096, fol. 176 b. 

Gun. Uaq. Voi. XSVL 



few oUier instances ii 
of an original connection between the 
Sanicrit and the Hebrew, or a Ian- 
Buage of which the Hebrew is adialect^ 
I sluill proceed to show a similar, and 
vet more evident, affinity subaistinr 
between the Sanscrit and the Greek 
and Latin languMca. It is evident, 
in a subject which presents so wide a 
Geld of speculation to the philolt^cal 
student, that a cursory glance is all 
that ean be aimed at in a pxper like the 
present. And I ajn unwillmg even to 
attempt more on llie present occasion, 
not only because I have already pre- 
sumed too much on the patience of 
your readers, but because this part 
of my subject has already engaged the 
atttmtion at an individual,* who has 
brought to bear upon ibis subject a 
rare union of transcendent learning 
atid deep research, and who has 
openerl a rich mine of philoU^ical 
treasures to the liiture classical 
student. To his very masterly work 
therefore I most strenuously recom- 
meitd such of your readers as, like 
myself, are hibourers in this unfre- 
quented vineyard, in which there is 
so much unbroken ground to engage, 
and 90 rich a, promise of harvest to 
reward, their best and most ardent ex- 
ertions. 

It will very soon be evident to every 
philological inquirer that not many 

Ts could have elapsed atler the time 
NcKih, before u multiplication of 
languages occurred, if indeed there 
hod not been tlie more sure warrant of 
scripture itself for lliis interesting 
fact. There would be a difficulty in 
accounting for the almost total disuse 
of die pnmitive tongue, by one por- 
tion of the dcscendauts of Noah, on 
any other ground tiion the one re- 
corded in scripture itself, the specifti 
interposition of divine wisdom, in 
order to answer one great end — the 
dispersion of the human race \ and the 
moment we admit such miraculous in- 
terference (of which no sincere 
Christian can for an instant doubt) we 
have a ready solution of every dif- 
ficulty. We have no evidence to 
show which was thefiratahoot from Uie 
[lareiit Glem, whether it bore a re«em- 



CorrfiponJfnrt ef the Brhrew and Grae^. 



tJ"iy. 



ir Oift earliest Rgf^um, or soine yet tiquit; 
undin'OtcrMl ornow extinot kngiti^v. mrlient form nf Snnsi' 
Atl i« luft lo ooiijwturu, (.'xci'iit Ihiit, 
in the Sciiittic liLD^n^n, we Ifflii'vu 
the Arikbit: aiid llie Synnr' tt> be early 
iKoleaU tif tlii> primitivo lAtiguage. 



aft] 

lidtertif.J 
it wn^ iirigiiiully unllM< To tlftj 
Lueti uf Si'iuitli.' origin uf Sntiioi 
wonl» olreaily eDiimenited, 1 will tr' 



It i«a wuleoftiinehnwrrcr t 
the niittl.ive prctcnsioni oi' tbe Svmilii: 
litneiiogcs to i>riorit; iu [wint orjitv, 
Bwnog thut nil of tlitfin were orlgiuatly 
ane and the sutiic IftouuHge. FiU^ only 
orthu duHitondnntJi of NmH npnku the 
Semitic longuiwen ; how anon Ibe othur 
daMeniliint* ol iJie great I'striiireh 
began tn Uwc tJioir onetnnl Inngunge 
mftv be inferred from the eriUenea of 
STTiptitn.' itBi-lf ; but llie name autho- 
rity ilow nut aSartl v» any rlue euffl- 
olent to onablc ui to tlprlile whirh wnn 
Uio fiwt OTent chwigc. Oni- of the 
lMVC«t inrgratiani rejinwentL-d by the 
hooc of Genesis were dencendL-d fmiii 
(iiimer, wlioni JoBcpliu* calU tbi,- 
fotmdcr of the Gomeril^, who flie 
Buyn) ore now by Uii> Gn^lu cAlied 
(iHula luiil OtOntJiins ; Cfcstr nay*, the 
OaulawerectJledColtm, "CJuiipicirum 
lingiiit Odtm, noHtrl G&lli nppcl- 
liintur." 

Javwi n> in thu nunc of one of the 
sons of Jophet, (GrtsJ! leii^ ton of 
Xytbos,) Gc-n. x, 2, utid henee lJu.« 
cuuutry [KiBBcssud by liis posVHty, 
lUiil ftim the conU'xt, in whjcli it m 
kfterwards found, GrecTR gcnerallv.* 
It It not in our [lowar to prove tout 
the oldest luiijruH^ yet iu existence 
tasj not havu l»on preceded by uim 
mnch oMor, nlwayN excepting tlic 
Hebrew, which waa either itself the 
moft nnoieni, or n dialect of whnt wns 
tbe mnit ancient langutge. Hut 
though we have no such cvidtuire of 
the period when those iiticlent lim- 

Snges now hnnded down to na iindi'r 
• name of Sunacril, Collie, Coptii', 
(to- derived lliolr origin, yel, witli re- 
Hpect to sotnc of tbwii, BUfCL'Suivi? ilju- 
poveriuhnvc mndc it very idenr ihut 



.... cinbomte investigation of tUs 
Bibject, espccirilly the »ub«titutlon of 
the form of reuUing from left to right, 
iriMtend of Ihiit used by the llebrewn, 
and the fircjuent nutrxs of trnnipou- 
tion to be found Iu many word« in 
IxiigiiagM of a later dnt^t, mny not 
enolilc UB tn tr.iao ii rulnljnnfihtp ha- 
twixt many more wordB in eiieh of 
thow- Inngunges than we have hitherU) 
detected. 

Wb linve MO evidcnre to hIiow nt 
what jxirioil the rjraetiee of writing 
fVoiQ riebt to left wzia dlacon^Dued 
by the Gredtf, by whom, In tlie ear- 
liest ages of GTcecc, it is welt known 
the mode of writing IVoin right tu 
left WM IU oommotily adopted • as by 
the Hehrewa. Whether the same woi 
the case with the Saniicrit and other 
nncient languagee in thdr earlteBt jie- 
riod>, hiu not, a« fkr ai I know, been 
yet weert^ncd ; but, in the case of the 
Greek language, a slight exnminulion 
will Fuffiec tu show, that, from some 
cause or other, there will be fuund 
many words, whlcli, if rend more He- 
bmieo, show a aimlliir meaning to tlie 
word in its Greek Ibnn. Such for 
inrtanecM as pijfia, a word JVom idk 
KBJd; IU' river and ptas; ^nJ inherit, 
alid \ayxiim; and Uie retuler who 
wishes to see !i lenethencd enume- 
rnlinii .,f exauiplos of this sort.f will 
do well to consult Archbishop Slurjie's 
work on the origin of lunguages. 
'Hiese HOrt of transpositions soeni not 
to have been confined to the Greeks, 
as we find llie same jimetine diseover- 



■ Quod scribcDilt gcniir* altinet, initio 

iri ru Xdui (■ it^Miv, dnlndc ^ovorpn* 

they c^T&w, poalMi que bodie solemui mere, 

GrwRoa ■criii'iis'H) vii npns est, ut momo- 

niin. Villa PrulefuniBuB to the Inscrip- 

. _, . _ . tioni-> Gntcw Velussimn, liy Hu|U J. 

• 1». Ixv. in ; E»ek. Hvii. IS ; D«nl- riii. ^''>\ 
31 ; and in JotI It. 6, and it can scarcely + Jewma raUUa o/ osrtain Gnvki that 
admit of B donbt, the firtt fnhabilantB of *h*y r*ad n>n>, HI III, pip), rrom Ibr 
Iha eoantrir, iftcrwarda called Hrllu, slnlUtude of the Urevk aod Hebrew 
were the aoas of Jbmii. Ictlon- 



... .J period eould pii«>ilhly li 
elapsed aller the Deluge 
were the spoken langua^'c ol* n pori 
of mankind. I have ah'iuuly h 



1846.] Worilt ofSannrit origin. 35 

able in winw Liititi Wurtl^, ai fonnu IruiiiLioii Iroiii "iii? language intn 
li'om iiBpifiii for imtsnce. unolher; with thin cmition in view. I 

I have alluded to these itutunccs to have added ooe <ir two more instnncei 
nhow how neceBsary it is lo bear in of Sanscrit wordc whitli appeal' lo 
mind the changes vfhich words aro me of Hebrew origin. 
aometjmes made to undergo In ihcii' 

ITie jHWAwif wiiHw. Hebrni. 

Kakii, I'ul] moon, or ItikahiBii, moou . n^' Lunu 

fihu, the Teuton. l>o, and the WdRh Boil n<3 to dwell 

Dhora, lerni yin earth 

Ud, Greek vBoiyi i« 

Manushu, a man .... noiP), tie word used in Genesis 

fur the breiitii that Goil iiupired into man. 

Got, a cirelo nVj^Jl Golgotha 

Adri, loay TtM mighty 

With the latitude nX transposition irarmi pnter, hut nitli little vftriatiou 
once allowed, this and thu preredinx in the northern hinguagci, and evt^n 
listeof Sanscrit words, which I rt'^ard in the Fersinn |iader. 
as derivations from the nebrew,nnght Sau^erit. Matre; GT(.>ek and Latin 
BTidently lie much inereiiseii ; bill, as I pfi^p, mutur: Piainaii inuder. 
have another object in view in lhi» Sanseril, Diihitre; Greek Birvanip: 
pnpur, that of drawing thn Attention this wonl aI»o is used with little ra- 
of j'our readers t« the nflinitics sub- riution, not only by the Goths, F^nsoiu, 
sitting between the Sansorit and Aliniuu, Ciinl^iana, Dane^ Dntch, 
Greek and Latin languages, la whicli and English, bnt even by die Per* 
Dr. Pritchard has added Celtiu and slsns. 

Teutonic, I must for Hie preaent waive Tlie following are but a very small 
this part of the Eubjeel, n^tricting the portion of the catalogue of words 
remaming obscrrations of this paper which have been collected b^ me from 
to the Importance of the Sanstrit, aa the Sanscrit Dictionary, which appear 
shedding new light on tile Greek and to sliow beyond all doubt a connection 
Latin languages!* betwixt the Sanscrit and the Greek. 

Take the following Sanscrit words: '^W are also apart of those included 

Ktre 1 lliis word is found not In Dr. IVItchanTs work. 
only in the Greek and Latin 

Virah, a hero, vir, Celtic, fear. 

Jani, a woman, Greek, yuwj, Celtic, gcan. 

Narah, a man, Greek, tantp, Celtic, ner, 

Nabba, a i:loud, Ch-eck, va^Xi, Latin, nebula; Celtic, nivwl. 

Udum, water, Greek, v6up, Latin, udus ; Celtics, dwtr. 

Niw, night, Greek, po(, Latin, uox ; Celtic, nw. 

In the following list of verbal roots ludcd In preceding jiapers many of 
to be found in ttie Sanscrit, a still the Greek words fubaequentlj be- 
moi*? striking illustration will be ob- oiune. It Is to be pnsumed, tliat the 
served of the identity in many re- carjirat dialects In that lan^aoe ap- 
speets of the Greek and i^Mctil, proximat*d far more closely iSan h 
however modified by the uircum- nbown in the subituncd examples to 
stances to which 1 have already al- their Sanscrit original. 

So, a verbal ixtot, whence the verb dadoml, I give i Greek IhSaitt Latin do i 
Celtic DAtou. 

Ad, averbol root, whence the verb idmi, atsi, attl, — eUo, cdlsi edit; Greek 
tSu; Latin edo. 

ItU 



86 The A^nily o/Languaget. [Jol 

Bliii.to be; Greek 0i>u,i^ufii,^urai; Latin far>, fui, fuimufi; 'Fere, buden, t 

bo; Celtic bum, bu. 
An, a verbal root, irhciice nnynUu, regpjrst; uiiini, rcB[Hroi Greek m 

Latin uiimua; Celtic anoim — soul, apirit. 
Tnn, B verbal root; wbenc-e tlii: verb tuioij, he extends ; Greek r 

tendo ; C^ltiu t4U!n, extenaiu. 
Loeb, a Terbal root; Grttek Xtvtafi; Celtic IhTjad. 
Looh&yati lu(%t; Lfitin lux ; Welsh Uivre, li^ht. 
Lib to lick ; Grc«k Xti^at ; Latin Ungo ; Celtic Ihyuw, to lick. 
Stb'i, a verbal root ; whence the verb tishtah he >tui(]ii, imd liabti 

stand ; Greek laraiu, or lo-njfii ; Latiii eto. 
A^ a verbal root; whence the verb substantive 

Greek tijii ot. tiTfii, (uui, tirri. 
Jan, whence gignit, yiytiinu, middle voice, JBgonit; Gi'eck ytytra, yr^t, 

ktX ; Welsh geni. 
Job, a verbal root ; whence jikuami, I know ; Greek yv<m, yiyraiaKv ; Latin, 

nosco ; Germ, kenner; Welsh gvyn. 
Vid, a verbal root, whence the verb vaida (oRa) in a pnutorite Ibrin with ii_ 

mesent signiGcation ; Greek itSeu, ol. Fttjlu, oi Vttiita; Latin videoa 

Celtic gwjUh, kuowledgi': and all these ori^ally from ii> to knoih.V 
Uchali, high ; ucii, higher, Welsh ; ui aptOTot, (vid. Hoiner.) 

It luui been shown too, that the to some the difibrence between tBe 

theorv of the Grvek verba in /u can- Coptic and the character of the 

not well be understood without re- Astatic and £uroi)ean languages, yei 

course to their parallels ni the Sanscrit even the superlicud search nlrendy 

grammar. The Grrek conjugurious, made has shown that there are somu 

with alt their CMiiplicateil uachiner]' wtircte common botji to the Cojitin 

of middle vince, au^ents and redu- and Semitic ; and this, oiler all, is 

£«liaii», receive mim tlun source a what I liave been mainly contcniling 

jree uT illustration which a few for. The general aimilituilc existing 

jDtn »tfo woiUd have been n^ordid betwcun the Semitic and the early 

at chlnu.'rical. From a pcnuol ol' thu Coptic, Sanscrit, Celtic, and otlier un- 

ahov<> derivatioiUK It will Imflly, I ciiinl InnKunges, fomis in my view of 

coneoivc. ailratt of n doubt, that not this subject a ninrc valuable source of 

only the GrL-ek und Latin, but (he evidenuu of the truth of the confusion 

O^te, with it* various dialects, h a of langikagus. But with all this marked 

branch of the great family which diffiirence ^exically ns well us gram- 

liavo been designated by the term motically) m theHe languages from the 

Indo-Kuropeao. By the aid uf the parent of all languages, the Semi ' 

" ■ ■■ sUTl to • ■■ 



Celtic we are enabled now to explain yet there arc stjll to be (li»covercd 
the origin of some of the conjogationnl not -to-be-mistaken marks of a once 
endings in the otlier langnageti. The close alliance. Of the Coptic, I will 
iironouu of the third person pluml, in say no more on the present occasion 
Welsh, is hwi/nl in tne entire form, than tliat the opimon of the pro- 
and yni in the contracted. Now the foundest scholars, who have examined 
Rrd person plural of the Latin, Per- il, has shown most satisfactorily, that 
fian, Greek, und Sanscrit, ends In ul, it is eaiicnliallv the same whicli was 
ud, iTi, iTn. How are we to account spokeu bclbre the time of Moses and 
for this except on the ground of a Joseph. Coptic words are to be traced 
common originof all these knguages!' in the works of authors both Hebrew 
I will not conclude these obswratious and Greek of every age ; of these a 
without more earnestljf recommending considerable number linve been ro- 
the studjr of tite affinity of Laneuu^es cognised even in tlie book of Genesis, 
to the rising generation of ehwaical In which they appear, not ua lie- 
students, and, among the number of brew, but foreign words, used in re- 
the earliest languages yet exiaiil, the lation to the productions und local 
study of the Coptic will lie iound to peculiarities of Egypt. 
prove the position I am now advo- I must once wore apologise to 
catiiig}l'or,liQwev«r widcmaysppeu; your i«aden for tlie uttroduotim 






• > * 
• « « • • 



J — 
• ■ • • 




Tju'iiiTjr.'i in HEWAiiK ; 



1846.] 



Ancient Painting in Newark Church. 



of salgecU of this nature into jomt 
pages, whicb, in die opiuioa of some, 
may seem to have other objects in 
* 'w i yet, as I know of no otber pe- 



Magazinc, this and the real import- 
ancG of the subject will, I trust, be 
recdved aa a sufficient apology for 
having trespassed too freely on its 



riodieu that is perused by so large a pagee. 

portion of learned tnea lu this and Yours, &p. J. K. Wu.e£b, MS). 

otber countries as your time-honoured 



I 
I 



ANCIENT PAINTING IN NEWARK CHURCH. 



Mr. Ubbab, Nottiagkani, AfagiS. 

1 SEND you a drawine (engraved 
in the accompanying Ptale) of an an- 
cient painting in Neirark church in 
this county, which fonos the only re- 
maining gronp of a Dance of Death, 
aod from ita quaintoeas and singularity 
will, I trust, be acceptable to your an- 
tiquarian Teoders. The painting is 
upon a atone screen in the choir, and 
In order to explain it« situation more 
clearly I way De alloncd to point out 
the arrangement of that part of the in uiu oance, i 
chorch. which still preserves its ori^- rich man bos 
nal order. The centre divisiuu, or pleasures and 



I 



one hand a flower and wilh the other 
pointing to the grave bencatli, together 
with its ghastly grin, and tlie solemn 
measure of the ghostly dance, is veiy 
sijTnificnnt, while the earnest thougfat- 
fiS countenance of the gaJly dressed 
figure, whose hand mechanically rests 
on the contents of the purse at Ua 
girdle, coupled to the apparent un- 
of his l^s joining 
^t the idea of the 
in the multifarious 
_ iloytoenia of life, and 

elevated above giving little heed to the warnings ol' 
|})e level of the surrounding aiales and martuity. There is a sort of dreamy 
the Lady chapel, and is inclosed on eiu'ueatness and mystery in the irom- 
cvery side; vh. on the west by the position to be found nowhere but in 
magnificent rood-loll, now converted Catholic art, and which is to a certiun 
into an organ gallcrv; on the east by a extent visible even in its rudest and 
stone reredos, dividing it from thi; leitat i-eUned productions. 
Laclr Chapel ; and on the north anil The Dance of Death, as must be 
foutn sides by elaborately carved well known to most of your readers, 
■tails, and also towards the altar end whs a very favourite subject during 
by two stone screens or jiarcloscs, the 14th and 16th centuncs, and the 
tlio backd of the s^ilia and earliest allusion, according to War- 
iepulchre on their respccdve tun, seenu to be in I^ers Plowman's 
and which are divided into nu- Virion, written about 1350. Warton 
! »(ioare panek by moulded is of opinion ihat the pictorial repre- 



in question occupies the t 

panels towards the east of the southcni by the ecclcsi 



i 



lower spiritual uast^uerad^ anciently enacted 
by the ecclesiastics in the ehurohes of 

anil facee the usie. 1' ranee ; but I am not aware that this 

The date of the screens, as well as the ceremony, which seems to biivs been. 

rood-lolV and stalls, I have no liu»ila- allied lo that of the boy bishop and 

tion iu refcrrhg til a period not earlier ieuat of asses, was ever actnalty per- 

ihan the reign of Henry VIH. — about forme<l in the English churches. The 

ISM, an opinion which is coiifimied first painting ol' uie subject ou record 

by the costume of the figure iu the was at Minden, in Westphuliu, as curly 

painting. The fncture appears to be as 1384. The next was a celebrated 

an oil, and its style much resembles one at the Holy timoccnts iu Fnris, 

ifaat of painted glass, us llie figures in the century succeeding, and li-otn 

have the same hard decisive outline which Lydgate translated the viTHes 

absolutely necessary for effect in glass acconipanying, nt the requcHt of the 

painting, but which is imnnturiU un Cli>i]itin' of bl. Paul's, London, who 

any other than a transparent ground, cauti-d (hem to be inscribed under a 

Hioagh very rude in design there is Dunce of Death, esecutod at the ex- 

^t*wiiieiderBbled«grtcof6sprci!SWU pease of oucJentin Car[«uteE,QU <iuft 



Aneitnt Pamtinf in Nawark Church. 



38 

w«iU oC Ihtar rIoUUu-, Mmetimc about 
Um veor 14J0, >uid which Duk<U1« 
(Hist, of St. Paul'n) imyt. wsa nii linl- 
t«tioii of tliAt in tlio cloi'tiT <ir tliu 
Holy Lmooenls. 

llicau paiuliogs nL i'uriit niuj Si. 
Paul's upiieiir lii liuve (.'onntslcd nl' u 
long procMnFon of tigun-a, euoli leil by 
a HXcletoii lovrmiifi Uie gravis. wlu<rt! 
tlio dance landed i whercsxtlieNewHrk 
one waa evidently in single f;roii|w, 
dmilar to thoM in tho " Imagiiwa 
MortlB," erraneoiwly attributed toHol- 
bdn, Uio vrtxMlcut« tu whtoh miut liiiv« 
been cueoulud ub early a.« 1320 nr 
1S30. Tli[> iiuiiibvr of chonicUTs n:- 
pTMentoiI ut Si. Paul's wa« 38 1 ut 
Lubeck 'J(i 1 (ind In the esrlit^iit mlitioii 
of tho "ImaginDe MorUn," ike. 43; 
while the Nownrk tu-rMiw conuin 4H 
paucU, whirb, allowing two paiieU Ibr 
i<ncli KToup or chnrarttir, give* "ii »■ 
tlie originfj numbur ofsulnecti. 

Yours, &«. J. C. KoBiNxu-i. 



[KMsibly only thi« one nicture, which 
II iMrallcl to that of "U<.>ath and tho 
Gallaiit'' in the Hunsuironl Chaiwl 
at Sflliabury Cathcilrnl (uiij>niTcd 
in Uough's SppulchrnI Moiininenta, 
Hoiirt;'* Blodern Wiltnhin-, History ol' 
Saliibur}-, and Dukc'H Hall of .Tobn 
Halle, beaidt* a aeparato pintc), our 




illDwIng additional r 



" !n reply Ui your inquiry, I beg to 
«ay that llic palndns nf vrhicb I nent 

Kru a drawing i« all thai remuiis at 
ewnrk, and that there arc no ves- 
tiffos of any other;, the rcrt nf the 
divinont being c]uit« open ; nor is 
thero, 1 believe, an^ rebate or other 
contnTonoo in the interior nldc of the 
muUion to receive d panel, as would 
have boen exjipctt-d; bui thia appears 
to Ik' th« Haiiiu in the difisiona wfalcli 
contain the pvntlnpi, aa the iidaiil 
panel eouien fnii" with the coininuocc- 
ment of the hollow moold or level of 
tho muUion. without any »et oil' or 
diitinetion between the mullion aud 
the panel. One of the principal clr- 
cunislAnpca that induced mu to think 
there had been other paintinga, it the 
faet of there being ao many dlvislona 
preeiacly aimilar to each other, and 
without either ouepfl w tracery of arjr 



kbdj tugutherwiththouiuyi 
)iositiun of tlu) renuiniuB 
(at the extreme eurner ofUil 

" Tho aur&ce of the screena, 
the ilriiig courtte, la alao p 
which panels art aitptd ana contain 
i^ldi, bearing tho amia of Markhain, 
Luke, Muering, lt»<(>ni, .iml nther 
neighbnuring fauiilleH. 

"I have referred to Ui.Jti 
lliatury uf Newark, mid find he i> 
opinion that tliii pArclonaa were ''" 
triMoranjulchral clmpalaof Ihel .._ 
ham tkniily ; he iilao say*, (tut oaCj 
them (the north one) fomierlj 
taineil an aitnr tomb. Thejinay 
been iuclosui'ea for sepulture or 
mUki but that they ever were cl_ 
triea euntalning lui altar, I think 



apai'e for the prient tO| 
I'orni maaa, na thtt incloauroa arc nm 
above at mo«t 4 ft. in. or 3 It. wida 
in the intmior ; bMidca. tlm two altan 
would have Hanked tlic high altar, 
within a few leet of It, on either aide. 
I think tliere ia very little doubt but 
niy view of th« diupel on thv aouth 
aide being intended to r«Roive the 
wooden aedilia for the (ervice of the 
high altar, is the correct one, aa both 
oJ them have a wiilo four-centred arch, 
whiuh i» quite open to the chdr; be- 
■idoa, there are no nodilia remaining in 
the chnrt'h. I alao atill tliink tlial tlie 
one on the north aide served the pur- 
poac of an Baatcr Sepulobrc, m it in 
very well known that roeewed tombs 
were very ollen 90 employed. How- 
ever, I must admit tJie fact tjiat their 
having been sepulcliral ercctiona at 
oil, corroburatea yonr idea of the 
subject, by analogy, with that of the 
llnngcrford chsiS, of which example 
I was not aware until you directed my 
> it. If there hu been a 



we mav eaaily account for their r 
moval, Dy the fact Chat the choir would 
faavo been couaiderably darkened bad 
they existed : for the obscurl^ of 
the centi« division of the ohurcb, on 
account of the great elevation and 
Rraall diraentiions of the eJerestory 
windows, haa ollen been complained 
of; and the present paintinga, troni 
(heh- jMisitloD, would inlcrcqit scarcely 
way light." 



tattwt of Admiral KtmpHifill. 



Mb. L'ibiut, 
1 Ruhniit, for iniprtion in jonr Ma- 
guine, too uldlliontl letter* froni 
Adoiinl Kumpcnli-lt * to Sir (Icorge 
hx«ck. 

Yonrs, &c. L. 

Sir, 
" 1 dill mjwir the hoiiuur to write 
from Aiijsngo to acquaint you of mj 
ttoping tbere for water, particularly 
tht Kevenge, fnini which pWe I Bailed 
the ai(t ^ Deceni)>er, in the al^cr- 
noon; uid the lith uf Jviuarv, in the 
rvening, took mj ttepikrture from Point 
At UnUc ; the same niKht parteU com- 
maj with (he Shatljburj. We hail 
ttetbn taken out all the recovered men, 
■tul tent what few sick was in the 
•qiiailnw on bosrd her. From Point 
de Golle we worked to the eastward 
till the dTth, at which time we were in 
the Uttitude of 5° Oiy N.. uid had 
nude 10* Sty east meridian distuice 
from the above point — porrected hj 
trjing GTery muming and evening 
during die run. 1 then stood for the 
N.W.forthecoflst of Cormondel. We 
bad •ever^ dajs' colma and light airs, 
M that it was the 8th of February l>e- 
hre we reached the latiitndc of Ma- 
dras}, at about 40 leagues distant fmiii 
the eotul, when a strong S.W. wind 
tjvung up, accooip^yed witti n 
norlherly current, which drove us as 
tkr as the south part of Annegun 
thosla before we reacheil tlie land. 
Tib unlucky and unexjiucted wind 
eanttnued lilawiiia: a.i strong as in tliL> 
hi^ uf thu S.W. monsoon till Ute 
1Mb, when it shiltol ui the N.B. 
Tlie Dcxi day afternoon we reached 
tm-a, .... i„j„nught the Konie evening 
St Madrosi, and imnicilintly 
rfced part nf the tro(i|is. Tlie 
■ ftred very tiiiuirt upon the 
» Brrt part of the nicht, but 
■ dajrl^l they riused the sie^e 



Bn davlwhl 
d mMKbeAoA'. 



i 



"The SfaklUhury uiarlu her paesagc 
m fartniffht looncr than we, by a con- 
tlact which 1 should have though! 
would have haxorded to bring a very 
taag one. She luodt^ but two-thinls 
the fiacliiig we <lid. anrl ti<ll in with tli<- 
DMwl lu the Bouthwunl, between Poii- 
dichery Mid Bsdra«H. 

" I MUU iay nothing reliilinjj U> the 
ttfgv, u I snppoM you have it ironi 



* SwoutHajNumber.p. 4BZ.— Em 



ihe first hand; only the gMTlson lei , 

to have maile a ptdlant ilefence, not a 
litUe nweing to the indefatigable vi^- 
laiice and bravery of Collonel Draper 
and 6lajorBrerelon,togetlicr with the 
nrudenoe, resolution, and generosity of 
Mr. Pigott, who diapoied of the nui* 
nagement aS nil stores and proviiion* 
in *uoh a manner that every thing was, 
Irom the r^ularity of it, speedily sup- 
ply'd, and at the name time all waste 
prevented. He frequently every day 
visited the works, and was libwal to 
nil who signoliied themselves. 

" Most of tb&i Monnila boats wore 
destroy'd during the si^e by the sna- 
my's batterys that flanked the beaob, 
iK> that we have found ^reat difficulty 
in getting water off, which was furliier 
dclay'd by my going to sea, upon an 
idle re[)ort the governor hud received 
of a French vessel being off. I have 
had all the Qncenboro' powder ashore, 
dry'd and sifted it, for it was extreamlj 
boil. The governor talks of some ser- 
vice lie has In propose for us and tha 
Revenge; what it is I shall know na 
soon IIS our wat«r and provisions are 
I'nmpleat, which will be in a couple of 
d.-iyfi, iifti.'!- which I shall determine by 
tiiy instructions how to act, I have 
imprest IS men from each of the shipc 
I brought under convoy. There i» a 
report here fr^m the Outeh that the 
French Ileet are gone from the isle« to 
the Cu>e of Good Hope for provisiona 
niid other neccssarys, to which, I be- 
lieve, little credit is to bedven. There 
Li at Pondichcry the ^pcdition, a 
amall frigate of about 18 ^ns, and the 
Dutch sUp they took the last season, 
<-!i11ed the Hai-lem, into which they 
have put a few lower decker* 18 
pounders. i 

" I imi. with true ruapect, Sir, yooi ' 
roost obedient Servant, 

"Rii. KjnirKtirK.T. 

'• Migrib/'ii uliip Qwanbora', 
MiuiroM Road. 

" Afanh the 3rd, 175B. 

" r.S. 1 foi^^t to mention that the 
Bristol frigate, or store ship, is like* 
wise at Ponilichory- 

" CaptN-in Keble presents his dn^ U 

"Sir, 
" We received with pleasure here 
Ihe news of ihat mark of distinctioa { 

with whieli Uis Majesty has been i 



Letters of Admiral Kempeiifelt. 



UMy, 






pleased to hononr you, &Dd to which subdued, and the Nabob in fall and 
"' "'"' ' " quiet possesion of the whole Camatiok. 

" ml is quiet Bt Bengal, and tlie 
Nabob there has cleared off hi* debt 
with the Companj. The people of 
that settlement have had prudeocc at 
last 1(1 drop their Don Quixote Kheme 
of murchiug to Delhi and making a 
Mogul. 

"The Candians ai* still in arms 
against the Dutch at Cevlon. The 
Klaa of CaniUahas sent anambaMador 
to the settlement to solicit their as- 
sistance. 

" The Companyhave a fine field open 
to them now to estabUsh tlieir tnde 
upon an advantageous footing; but I 
apprehend 'twill reijuire a nice judg- 
ment and dextrous management ''" ~ 
effect thb io such a manner as not i 
make alarm and raise the jeftlouay q 
other European statej. It must i)~ 
be b; attempting to inzrosa much, b 
bj a moderate and juilieiouji choice 
what trade they take to themselTei,1 
and of the places tliej estaliUsb settle" ^ 



to jastlj entitled jou* 
expedition to Diego Bay 
proved a severe stroke to the squadron. 
Soon after we lelt that island to return 
tu India the scurry b^an to make its 
appearance in all the shipe, and shortly 
b^;an to exhibit all the terrible symp- 
loms attending that fatal disorder, m 
ltd highest and most mal^nant state. 
We left Dlei^ Bay the 4th of Decem- 
ber, and arrived at Sladraai the 22nd 
of January, which was in less lime 
than we expect'd ; jet in that space wu 
bury'd about 400 men in the Norfolk, 
Lenox, GraAon, Weymouth, KIlKa- 
belh, Falmouth, and America, which 
hut lost upwards of 100 men. The 
disease when we came to Madmsa was 
become so general and so far advanced 
(for it was infallibly mortal between 
W and 30 d.iys Irinn its firiit appear- 
ance) that 1 veryly beleive had our 
passage been a fortnight longer vrc 
should have had no men in the squa- 
dron capable of duty. A terrible loss 
of men this. Sir, in a country scarce 
of Eumpeane. Fortunate for us we 
have no enemy tu make head against 

"The cause of this disorder breaking 
out with such violence we impute to , 
the neoessity lie squadron was under probably not known 
of being at Bombay during the rains, abounding with sjiicee, 
when we could get no fresh provisions, < ■ . ' 

and were obliged to expose the men to 
the inclemency of the seaeon, in re- 
fitting a shattered squadron, and that 
with ult possible dispatch, to be ready 
in time to proceed with the expedition 
intended from Uodrass ugainst the 




nt Diego Bay prevented 
from shewing itself so soon asitother- 
wisewould; but, for want of vegetables, 
our refreshments at this island only 
proved palii ' 



" I find we may if we please have a 
share in the spice trade, without in- 
terfering with those islands the Dutch 
have settlements at; as in the S.B. 
part of those seas are many islands 

the Dntch, 

me of them 
lucing cinnamon equal to that of 
Ccjrlon, besides several other commo- 
dities for commerce. These diBcovetys 
have been made by a young gentle- 
man of this settlement fDalrimple}.* 
He is lately retum'd here, having 
been ahnoat amongst these )slan£ 
three years in the Cuddolore scooner 
to make discoverys and observations. 
Mr. Kgot was very happy in his 
choice of this young gentleman for 
such a service, as he is a person of 
a good education, quick parts, and 
talents Daturally adapted for such k 



Our troops on the Coromandel employ. His observatJons have been _ 

' ' ' " "' ' ■' far from superficial. He has pene- ' 

trated deep in his cnquirys, and di- 
rected them to such objects as moat 
concerns the interest of the Company 1 
to know, lie is now going amongst j 
these islands in the Royid George, 1 
with a cargo, to commence the esta- 

* Mr. Aleiauder UsIrymplE, thecela*. ■ 
brated fajdronrBpher, son of 
Dalrymple, Bart. 



coast have been employed since the 
fall of Pondichery in reducing some of 
the country chiefs, subject to the 
Nabob, to his obedience. The cliiel' 
of these were Mootis Ali Cawn KiUi- 
dar of Valcur, and Nazir Bullah Cawn 
Killidar of Voleur. They are all now 



1646.] FiihingtuekU of Homer. 

bliahiaait of a trade, vhich may in 
tune prove the source or good profit to 
tbe comnuiy. 

"Wliile tbi» genliemwi wa» out 
upon the discoverys he vat &t Ma- 
nilU, in Uie island a( Luzon. He 
learnt there, bj hia acquaintance with 
aome of the Jcauits, tliat thej are 
at prevent possesaed of upwanla of 
123,000 dollars, for prosecuting difi- 
corerjs and establishing setttenieats 
in those parts lajing to l^e southward 
of the Kloluccas, a tract that we know 
nothinj; more of than that there is 
Und : but whether contiuent or island, 
no discoverys jet have reach'd far 
enough to determine. They were 
preparing some vessells to go on these 
disoovervs when be lefV Manilla. If n 
commeicisl and enterprizing spirit 
■Iioald exert it self aniongdt the 
Spaniards here, the advantageous situ- 
ation of Manilla would greatly fucili- 
tate their attempts. 

" May I beg the tavour of mj coni- 
plimenU to Captain Harrison and Mr. 
Miglul)> 

** I am, with great respect. Sir, your 
■UMl obedient humble Servant. 
" Ro. K 



" ffi* Mmettjfn thin Nor/otk, at iUa- 
dratt, April \. 17M.* 

IndoTsed by Sir Geora;e Pot'ock, 
" Received 25th January, %3." 

M>. URBJtN, 

TUE Homeric Fishing Taeldc, which 
haa lately given rise to some criticism 
in tbe Cfent]cmaik*s Magazine, has also 
otxBiiuually engaged my atleniion. 

The two passagei (11. w. ^0, and 
Odvu. fb 25),) correspond in Ihe ex- 
pre«aion which creates the unibiguity. 
Id the first, the plummet, to which 
Dfuourse the hook is att^ed, is de- 
Bar aypovXiHO 8oit Ki'pas t'fili'daiia. 

" gaiaf down the ox- bom.'' 
Itt the second, the Piscator, on a 
headland, wtlh a long rml, 
• t »BiTo» tiputr)ai u'ffuc ffois .Ty/niu- 

" cUenris lowirdi the sei the oi-hora." 
A pUusible inteniretation appears to 
tdre to beoblained by supposing tbishom 
to be a loop, formed of the section of 
an ox-horn, iu«d as a Hnp: at the Up 
of the rod, throii;:h which the line 

UtST. ,\Ug, ^ol. XXVI. 




— The ht/uop of Scripture. 4t 

I think we can hardly suppose a 

piece of horn would be selected to 
form a float, when tbe superior mate- 
rials of cork and wood were at hand ; 
but a horn loop at the point of a rod 
would be no bail ring for a strong sea 

We find the points of other objeotj 
Ijpped with horn, or beating the nama 
ot norn, bows far inntanca, and the 
yards of ships ; Virgil says, 
" Cornos velalaruni obTenimni antennB- 

where a stout hum ring might have 
been used iar a block. 

Yours, &c. Hausus. 

Mr. Ubban, Tht Oah, May 7. 

YOUR correspondent Mr. Mittobd, 
in jour April number, has brought 
forward almost all that kis ever been 
said by the learned respecting the re- 
markable fact connected with our 
Lord's crucifixion, recorded by Mot- 
lliew and John, as to the vinegar, the 
hyssop, and the reed. Now, highly aa 
I esteem tbe caution manifested by 
your learned correspondent, and no 
less by Casaubon, — for in verbal cri- 
ticisnis on Scripture it is usually 
"satiua fir<x"i'," — yet it appears, and 
has long Bpj)eared, (e me so plain that 
no hyaimp at all was mode use of on 
that occasion, that I cannot refrain 
iVom proposing an emendation of the 
text, W whicl, I am persuaded, all 
liie di&culty will be removed. St. 
John says, o't it, rrX^aarnt andYyon 
afoot, mti vvirmra trtpi6ims, vpoali- 
Hftar aimw ri miiarri. Now, for this, 
1 read: oi St, tiXifaamt oiroyyoi- 
u^i>c, «tl tivvaui ittpiBivTis (forun 
icpnaitfpi6iyrit) npoaijvpfiiar ouroiJ tw 
inAiuiTi. ''And, having filled a spongi; 
with vinegar, they lied it with a ttring 
[to the end of a reed, St- Matthew!] 
and advanced it to his mouth." 
persuaded tbut the comnion sc 
this correction will speak so decisively 
for itaelf as to convince voiir learned 
triends; although, coniessediv, the 
corruption of the text dates .' 
very high antiquity. 

More than fifty years have pasted 
away since under various signatures I 
was first a correspondent of Mr. 
tVban; tbe business of a busy world 
had long denied me that pleasure : 
till now. in » calm retreat I have re- 
commenced what, by your indulgence, 



4 



1 



PropoTliotu of Ifie Egyptian Pyramid*. [July. 

from gelber, of wliicL ihe Iwn siiles are pro* 
portioned m 3 and 4 (o an h jpotciiuN 
of S, This triangle is shewn in 
ADOCxed qund/ant, whirein A, 



1 may find lelnire 
time to time. 

Cai^ Amies Dektatui. 

Mm. Ubhah, 

EVEKV circumstance conaecMd 
with the structure and design of the 
Bgjptisn Pjratnidi posaesses un in- 
I«reit, as tllustrativGof the progress of 
science and the mechanical arts in the 
remote antiquity (o which they are 
attributed. It u therefore a little 
extraordinary that the proportions in 
which they are formed hnye not 
hitherto been elicited; and it may 
perhaps interest some of your readers 
to point out, that in the measure- 
ment* eiven by Belzoni of the Mcond 
pyramid of Ghizeh, ■ eeries of pro- 
portion* are found to exist, which are 
ezpreaiible in terms of the simplest 

lly these meaaurements it appears 
that the perpendicular altitude, the 
inclined plane of the sides, and the 
length of tlie base of this pjTamid are 
proportioned to one another, as the 
numbers 4, 5, and 6 ; and if the base 
l>e divided into two eifual parts, the 
prrajnid will appear tti be furmed of 
two right-aiiglcil triwigles joined Ui- 

Pert. 

Half bnae, ^—3 

Tlie liut of these nmuberi is altereil 
IVum the Traveller's account by a 
small addition ; but if tJie other two 
Bides are correctly measureil the third 
must be as here stated, by the 47tli 
problem of the first Book ofEucliil, in 
Arder that the square of the hypothe- 
neiiae may equal the squares of the 
two sides. In taking these measure* 
raenti, however, the only point of dif- 
(ioulty would occur in the side of the 
pyramid, which by its irregalar surface, 
and the imperfect state of its apex, 
would absolutely negative anj correct 
adjustment of the measunne line. 
In the iDea^urc of the altitude and 
base, on the contrary, Belzoni may 
be lruit«d implicitly, lie was Just at 
the height of his practice, and the 
hair-breadth minuteness of dioee in- 
numerable measurements he made in 
inlea and tomba of L'nper Egypt 
cannut leave a shadow of doubt ujion 
the tirecision of these measures of the 




the radius afS parts; B, C, 4 parta of 
the same rudius ; and C, A, 3 parte of 
the same radius ; and the half pyramid 
is described in that triangle A. B, C. 

Tlie measurements given by Bclzonii 
with a trifling correction which ji 
necessary, are as follow, and divided . 
by 1 13 for a, common divisor, ther J 
shew the proportions above slat«a, I 



113 

'llic numbers, however, so correcteil, 
produoe that syilem of proportions in 
the structure which, b^ne found to 
wst, it. cunnot be donbted were in- 
tended in the design of the work ; and ' 
several other combinations follow frooi J 
this disclosure. For instance, the Icngt' 
ofthc base and the altitude togctni 
are thus shewn to be equal to two ( 
the indineil planes of the sid«i, 'JTi 
base ilsdf Is found also la contain S8-i| 
squares of the saiue unit or integerX 
comprised iu the common divisor, u>d' | 
Q perpendicular section of the pyramid 4 
"•" ■*- apex will cotitun twelve of ■ 




those squares, or one third the area of 1 
the liose. So the solid contents will M 
contain 36 cubes of Ihe same square,. I 
and will therefore erjual a perpen- 1 
dicular mass, built, upon the whoh I 
base of the pyramid to one fuurlh ita i 
hcighU or a square column built upon ] 
one fourth the base to the full height J 
of the pyramid. i 

One peculiarity of this form tbers« i 



1846.] 



Pimibam Heeehet. 



fbre appears to consiiil in the facilily 
it iJuras of expKsMOg oU iti pronor- 
tioot in simple uuil low numbers. But 
there i» anotiier sttribute belonging to 
the bifold adaptatiou of the ri^ht an^ed 
mangle of the Bemi- pyramid, woich 
aflbrds ground for some very haimleis 
if not veiy profitable speculation, as 
to the mjsl«rT intCDded in the form 



of these structures, For 1 conclude 
the great Triim^stus intcuded the 
Burnt! veil to cucompaaa tlii?tn, as hv 
cant over the sphjuxes and other em- 
blems of the philosophj ol' his day. 
Upon this part of the subject, however, 
I will heg leave to ofier a few observa- 
tions in another letter. 

Yours, &c. n. M. G. 



SKETCHES FROM NATURE. 

To Edwibd JisSE, Esq. the following Sketches, written at his request, and 

intended for his forthcoming volume, are inscribed bj bis faithful fKend nud 

Krvuit, The Acthob. 



Scathed hj the lightning's bolt, the wintery storm, 

A giant brotherhood, ye stand sublime; 
Like some huge fortress each majestic form 

Still frowns defiance to the power of lime- 
Cloud after cloud the storms of war have roH'd, 
Since je your countless years of long descent have told. 

Say, for ye saw brave UaroM's bowmen yield, 
Ve heard (he Normans' princely trumpet blow ; 

And ye beheld, upon tbat later Geld, 

Red with her rival's blood, the Rose of Snow ; 

And ye too saw, from Chalgrove's hills of flame, 

When to your ehelt'ring arms the wounded soldier came. 

Can ye foi^t when by yon thicket green, 

A troop of scatler'd horsemen cross'd the plain. 

And in the midst a statelier form was seen, — 
A snow-white charger yielded to his rein ; 

One backward look on Nasebj'a field he cast. 

And then, with anxious flight and speed redoubled, pass'd. 1 

But far away these shades have fied, and now — 
Sweet change ! the song of summer birds is thine ; 

Peace bangs her garlands on each aged bough, 
And bright o'er thee the dews of morning shine ; 

Earth brings with graleliil hand her tribute meet, — 

Wild flowers and colour'd weeds to bloom around thy feet. 

Here may, unmark'd, the wandering poet muse, 
Through these green lawns the lady's palfrey glide. 

Nor here the pensive nightingale refuse 
Her sweetest richest song at eventide. 

The wild deer bounds at will from glade to glade, 

Or stretch'd in mossy fern his aniler'd brow is laid. 



44 !^0i^ktmfmm ^fntmM. [[Jblf^ 

R^rfli hii» no jjent^r .-om^ ^a ran *» jfiTi? 

TSsn. •' rVmi^ ro ^v^tnfpf-i irmii. 4Bd lava otfTlMr to 




rr. ffffivios. ^UHI» amprrMr<«.> 

?^r trv^ Imrntt and ^idr#m ^MAtsi 

A n*i atll in inmnwr'.* nVh«< roh«i uraVi. 

'Dk* 'rhftm*»» it« ^v**r Tratem i-nflpri rwLwueu; 
WM1*» many % rltlftj^ <pm» ami hainl«>t 2niy 
A Irynjf fV /1i«f lint ^al^ in *rf\>»j»r. l-wauty !«▼. 

Wt^t* k»t the (if^nfle ^X^ifvm «H» hw way 
r^nffp mKl fhiii nMHury ▼*]«, Mtd briii|r 
T^n^W mnwyrmlfi frrmi tlM» pMt to ftm% 
A p^nffff^ lf|^ tl<m^ t)i#!iie mrnji ^(niy; 
An^l ffi"M, fhjif. fifif*ftk rrf ftg^ ptM*d mw^y, — 

Hfiri'iiHIriic <»Vf fnnrMf* mrmttmrnt wml tomb 
HJinflMi Hiirk itfi tilglif ; -ftfi<1 1o ! a roica that calls, 
IIoiimI IVnni rfiti tiolKhhotirlnf^ mnvffnt'n niin*d walU, 
'IVlllnn nr TPfirn Innn vnninhM llko a dream, 
WluMi, lit ihi* tmtikii nf rondor «»iilorM utroam, 
Vwww iiUli« rthd t*ln|iit««rM nn*h a nong niiblhnc 
Jm I'Imhil tivMiphnnv wan hmirtl, whllo Tinio, 
Ui^f^tiMoM \sK\\v> priHH^nt^ hort^ mtghi «oom 
tii)\fn'Hn|| di'l(|^i<H)« an htn Iwokwanl gaxo 
U rt<» I)^«m) t\n K\\m:f^ than (lirt)^t|rh hi» darkening Rliadcc, 

^!^v^^k \\t\:s \kx\ ixi^iW i»Atk wtmid faiw ; 
A^d hf^w^ with Mttili^ Wmiitnani tw hw foo^ 
Sv^fVl rhavitv \t\ aM lW hv^Nid tvf IWvv«i bwliowiu 

\n AntTi^m" Tn«in!»?An Tvii^t vow tih<«r^ <*<*r> 
Suoh aw in da>'* t>Ktm\ t^vMhthor* nfoM. 

t>ai>vd With d<A*}<>^ of qtiaint!<Mit imafswr ; 
t.onji t*»rTaofn> «nd noh atvad<»s wenr thoTf^ 
And !«t«MJ<«!ti jraUwii^ tnad^ fhr wall^ and orn i rcrwr 

\^'lthln th^ <\>nr< a mar>i)c ftnintaiTi nM^aatn^d 
Tfy showers oi'ai]v<»r radiaiM^ iii0»t Knd day ; 

AhoAY thr Imdon proro the wild horon urmun^d. 
And in the lakr the y^-wTiV bright shadow- lav : 



1646.] Kethospectivb Revjew, 

While, glancing ihrougli trim hedge nud thiuket grecu 
Tbe peacock's jasper neck and emerald plumes were si 

Streich'd in tlie shade the giant maatjffhj, 

Whose midnight baj his faithful guard dcclar'd, 

The aged hunter roam'd the paiture graji 
And here secure the timid pheasant pair'd. 

Htnr Eoft the foot of Time hod pa£s*d along, 

GuM-ding bia lov'd domain from injury and wnmg. 

The gilded vanes were glittering in the sun, 

Turning, as Beauty turus to Flattery's breath ; 
And hark I the turret- clocks, one after one, 

Tell oat the ceaselcM hours, with voice like death 
Startling the silent noon ; o'er wood and hill 
Their iron knell is heard, and all again is still. 
BroAoU, June I, 1846. 



I 



RETROSPECTIVE REVffiW. 

A G mr hmi for Oie Nete Royal Eieluingt: Computed of Ihe Piteen of diver* 
t x trHtat Poet* made in Memory of He Firal Opemng thereof an January the 
^3n^ Aaho Don. 1571 : teith the cAoice Veries and Devices qf etaidry fine 
Wa* of later Hme, depicting ttie tame in the several Humouri and Manner* 
I k trei n to be seen ; or Wrilten in ffotumr of the Second Opening on September 
Ik XSM, 1669. Now first Collected and Printed Complete. Imprinted at 
Laitbm, Jiomary the 23rd, Amw IB45. 

A TEBY clever and interesting volume. The Editor has given us above 
twtn^ imilations of our elder poets on the subject of the Royal Exchange, 
begiBDiiiK with tlie age of Eli^tabeth, and proceeding through the honoured 
mmmea <m SjpeiiKr, Sidney, Shafcspere, and others, to Butler, Dryden, and 
Bmbtw). Ine likeness of the counterfeit is in general as faithfully executed aa 
HgmioDilT conceived. Those of Tusser are admirable — as quaiat and ha- 

11 as the original. Churchyard's, alio, have all the minute parlicularitie* 

*■ wUcb that prosaic poet loves to dwell \ aa 

' ncre were glutei Trom Murano's Ids. Hiid leath«rn-ware from Spain, 
L tai ibining tin and lattm cups ind dishes from Almaiiiie ; 

" >d tnoout* wronghl of Milan sleel with SpaiiiiA dtggei ind kniiM, 
■ Venice uglvac, owch, und brooch, for maids and wives, 
Tu divers furniture for pastime end array, 
A* ubies, cuds, and tennii-balla, to speed the hours insy : 
With dials and with eand-glassEB to show ;dd how Lhej flew, 
hai for cverr bind of viiilaut was tomewhaC set to view. 
For your Schoolmen diven books of note, and paper a good ilore, 
Vilh pmner.csse and inkhoms, of stout leather, to write more. 
For joar GsUaal there were silk and silier ituda, and raffs, and fiira, 
Vilh broider'd girdles, miirori glias and stt el, and Milim ipari : 
For joor iMndoa Dames were divera thiiiga their dwellings to adorn, 
A* painted cmisei, bird-cages, and laathome of hright horn. 
For the liek there were medicamEnta — the jtpol/ieeariti' ware, 

id trumps for merry men, with bailada sweet and rare. 
Iiildren there might meet with toys nnto their mind, 
li bolls, and bobby- horsei, in the Fawne conld And, Ice. 



46 Retrospective Review. [July* 

Hie column of George Fattenham is the best oolunm that has been latelj 
raised in London, as we shall show : — 

IV. 

THE QUEEN, 

the Realm op England, and the most Famous City op London, 

depicted in 

A COLUMN/or THE NEW ROYAL EXCHANGE. 

by an Odolet to their Renown made in form of a Pillar, 

which must be read upwardejrom the baee, 

and then ye ehall $ee that it ie an 

Acroetical Device, 

Inyented and Written by O. P. 



E Eliza doth tht goodly Columns crown. 

G Grbsham rbjoics in tht uknown, 



N Name eminent. 

A AboTe grave his 

H High Monnment, 

C Completing this 

X XcecHcliiig praise. 

E Eliza's Mab.t, 

L London doth raise, 

A And for her part, 

Y Yet finding lands. 

O 0*er farthest seas 

R Rich Traffic stands 

E Erect on this 

H Her stately shaft. 

T Towering aloft, 

R Renown doth raise, 

O On snch fair base. 



F Fame writes to fire the future age. 
R Recorded truly on the page 

A A Name throughout the earth ; 

L Loudly appUuded worth; 

L Long-liyed Antiquity ; 

I In their FouudatioDS 



P Pictured in this Emblem riew, 

A Albion, the Qubbn, and London too. 

The imitation of Bishop Hall was a work of difficulty, but the author has 
successfully gone through it : — 

Yonder comes Coemtm t what a proper man 1 

If he's an inch he's six feet and a span ! 

His is no sordid dress, his vestments teU, 

As doth his lustrous visage, ell goes well : 

There's a ferocious joy in 's look and speech, 

That doth declare him some rich Overraach, 

Thou 'st hit the white ; he's great hi man's renown, 

But for that wreath of straw — ^he gave Heaven's crown 1 

Meaning the world to over-reach with wit, 

Himself he o*er-reach'd too, as one of it, &c. 

Ralei^h*8 lines are good, and the second sonnet of Shakspere. Richard 
Johnson s ballad is an ezcdlent imitation of the style of the Crowned Garland 
of Roses, &C. The turn towards the end of Drayton*s lines is very happy : — 



JS46.] 



A Garlondfur the Neic Hoyal Erekange. 



Hero Lang-Bovmi flow'ci aim 
There Old-Bovne had iu cod 
Then FltU cHme rtubing dome 



II it lo Watt-Brook camF, 
and Ipft (be road iU Dame. 
Teamed bj heavy iwella 
hmised its atmt to Wettt. 
m with neyer-eeasmK race, 
Ni ilill basting to cm brace > &a. 



We mimt oniit "The Exchange in ila IIunioDra," hj Ben Joqmih, sa loo long 
to quote, though othyrwise we should have given n specimen. WiOiers is fiui"ly 
■mitaled ; Quarles still better. Carew's ligut, pleasant vein is well lonched on : 



Lrl Ihe blind Chymuli aeek no more 
Wheie Ptutut hides his golden slore ; 
Since here one /.oiufun merehiint's purse 
Ruied the rich fruni of Brilaiu'f BuTir. 

Lei EuTopr'i Manarehs no more deem 
That pow'r belongs alone to them ; 
Since bere. from men ignoble, apringi 
A DUghl that govemi distant Kin|;i. 

Let the vain Schnotmrn no more boast 
That the; of Tongtut possess the most ; 
Since here, a single hour will show 
How little of Earih't SpereA thrf know. 

Let tyrant Venta no more eaj 
That «11 mm lire benfath her sway ; 
Hilm of Troy were powerless here. — 
J^rlune ilane doth Queen appear. 

Let (hose who TVdveJ nevpr koew. 
No more lament their narraw view j 
Since here, who lisla to look perceives 
Uow *U the World speaki. act>. and lives. 

The "Epiatolallo-diann" is as near pcrfcL-tion as possible, and we hope it Is 
tartfaOy preserved by " Mr. John Batty, Merchant of London, at his house in 
8t Nicholas Lane." Tlje Private Argument between "Sir Hudibras" and 

■ JUpho. whether it be lawful Iu set up the Mgj of the Protector, is very 

Ti amusiDg : 

(SaJpAo.) Since tbeie be purifying dsjrs meant, 
1 do behold with great omazemeat 
That soch a rout of graven Statues 
or Idol-Kiags are still left at looie 1 
What boots it puttint^ Kingikip da»n, 
Whea here it lives reveal'd in stone > 
Or what Ihe Ordinance declarlnK 
The Sluarlt this land shall have no share in. 
When yonder is the Sire o' the name, 
Prom whom " Ihe Booi qf Sporit" first rame ? 
The Svperililimii Committee 
Ought lietler to have cleansed Ihe Cily ; 
And to have set the iealous Doviinj 
T have wrought ■ general un bo using 
Of all sDCh image-work proranily. 
And every semblance of humanity, &e. 

lonvraoui poenis are good imitntiont of the style of the little ^oh'm 
r dehghtt found in UeUconia and the PorsdiK of Duoty Devicee, &c. 



48 Retrospective Review. [July, 

as b the '' SouFs Voyage ** of that admirable Doem *' The Soul^s Errand,** the 
author of which \b still uncertain, it having oeen found under the names of 
Raleigh, and Sjlvester, and others, with singular varieties and additions. 

lliere are two sonnets, the author J. M. (John Mlton), but these we do not 
reckon among the most successful. Dryden we like much better, especially 
the concludi^ lines : 

HeaTen, that bestows the happiest gifts on men 

In happiest time, has blest us now with Wren ; 

By whom our City ihall be stodded through 

With Fane9, like stars, God's worship to renew : 

In whose broad Streets shall rise the stately dome, 

Till London streteh beyond the bounds of Rome. 

Oar Age beholds Vitruvius once more jomM 

With great Augustus to adorn mankind : 

Then, Royal Sirk, revive the Imperial day. 

And lbavs in Marblk what tou found in Clay I 

• 

This clever and agreeable volume ends with *' The Author*s Apology for his 
Book,** attempted in the manner of J. B. (John Bunyan), from wnich we make 
this Our latest extract : 

Whenas the late Exchange, like its old Sire, 
Near seven years since went to the ground in Fire ; 
He whom the honour*d charge did then obtain 
To raise another stately Mart again, 
Had been long since the Friend esteem'd of him 
Who did these Oopiee from Old Picturet limn. 
Both in the name of London* $ sons did glory. 
Both, too, well knew and loved her ancient Story ; 
Then, when 'twas time to shew his goodly scene, 
And welcome to the Excranob another Quben ; 
That such an honour'd day and rare occasion 
Should not pass by without some gratulation ; 
It seem'd not an unfit nor ill device 
To hang this GARLAND on his EDIFICE, 
As showing how the Exchange's History run, 
And gathering up past glories into one. 
Wherefore these Verses were in black and white 
Imprinted, some like-minded to delight, &.c. 

And here we take our leave of a production of genius, certainly as clever 
and as successfully executed as any of the kind within the compass of our recol- 
lection. 

Ignoto, we have read your book ; 

CAam^/ion-like yon change your hue ; 
For wheresoe'er on it we look, 

Instant it shifts its magic view. 

Proteue you are of poesy ; 

Colour and shape you take at will : 
But, unlike him in history, 

You ne'er assume a form of ill. 

Could those old poets now revive. 

And read what in their name you've said. 
They'd all exclaim, that ** when alive 

They never wrote so well as dead/* 

Like as the structure that you praise 

Exceedeth what has pasMd away. 
So doth the lofty verse you raise 

Surpass the strains of older day. 

^—h--ff. J. M. 



6 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



9iimiimhia BrUimniaa Literaria (Ab' with them to this couDtrr ft Ungntge 

M^ifvima* FthodJ. Bg Tbomiis Tarme'l from K direct of the ancient 

WM^t, M-A. Latin, called Liivaa BomftCA, or 

TO Mr. Wright's iormet volume, LaoDue Ttomuie, wEjch U the parent 

fcw rt i ng td An^Jo-Saxon lilerBtuiv, of the modern French. The popular 

Iw )mi tMTW added one of equal im- Uterature of the Noruiani previoiu to 

pnrtaiiee, and oquAll/ well eiecnted, the twelAh ceDtnr; \» lotall; unknown 

■f tbe Ulerature which fuweeded it, to iu- There does not appear oaj 

Mfliri^, that which acuompiuiicd and memorial of tbe laD^ace earlier than 

fallowed the poieessiou of our country the year 1100, and it &»t makes ita 

^ tlw Nonnaiu. " The uae," raji appeoraaco in poems of a religioiu ud 

Wri^hti is hit clp^r and learned serious character. Religion and Bo 

idaction, "of the Anglo-Saxon m manceappeartobethenlfjectaof song, 

vnti&g was almost aboluhed after the Iu the reign of Ste|)hen luhjects were 

inmcion of tbe NormanB. Itwaaonly taken from natural history, ni the poetry 

jm a ned in the coDtinuation for a uf Wace and Benoit shews ; but a 

tMa'gf the Ai^lo'Suoa Chronicle, new era of Norman literature opened 

Mid in some praductiona, mosllj' of a with the rdgn ofBichardl.^-d Eewas 

idgiooa or moral chajacter, for which tiie patron of jongleurs and [rauv&res, 

«« «« probAbly indebted tn the few whose works becune more numerotw 

AagLo-8uon numks who were per- nt this ^riod. Mr. Wright has ao 

iMlliil to KUia their places bi our observation on the t«it of Uie Metrical 

■MiMl4nM. Towards the end <rf this Romances, which no doubt is eqaally 

pviad Um native literature begins applicable to that of the Horned 

^pjl la awke its appearance. At this poems, eompoBed in a state of sode^ 

^■0 dw Anglo- Norman had taken m some respects probably verr similar, 

lie place of the Ai^lo-Saion; andwe "Manj of the Metrii^ Etomances 

mmj fgtmalj diriite the literature of were preserved orallj by sueceanTe 

Ae wbale period into the two classes jongleur*, imd when committed to 

if Aaaio-LaCin and Angio-Xonnan." writing they differed ninch from the 

Mr. Wrkht then gives a i^tateiDeiit of original copy- I'his is the reason that 

the Aa^o-Latin literature at the iliflerent mainuBcripts of the earlier ro> 

yiaJ m the Norman invasion, both in mancei', taken down from the recital of 

poae anl poetry. The Facts dourished ■Merentjiersoiu.Tiiry so much from one 

■ostdnringthemiddlcot'thetbirteenth another, as iu the east of the Chansoo 

•ntairy, under the r^n of Henry III. ; de Holand." The Latin writers of the 

hit the most important class of writers twelfth century contain many allnsioni 

WM iha irf the Historians. Willinni to the existence of the jongleurs and 

ft Mktnuabory is the most el<^,nnt tronveres ; but it was not till the 

at our nedisml historians ; and the thirteenth century that their composi- 



I of Girddus Cambrensis and tions were preserved inwritine: 

WSansoflTewbury stand high; but lienMr.Wrighttensu3,"theirhistory 
^sj Gttle Latin prose that is toleratdc in England becomes more complicated. 



na written after Ihe middle o£ the because a more purely national Ute- 
■" - ■' . Ti.- 1 I.- 1. __. ^ : f. ; : l:.i. .i._ 



_. jiiTT. The letters which rature «a« ipringing up, in which the 

pnservad ot thin tinie. as those other wns gradually merged." llie 
Koiatt with Lanfranc and Ansehn, first name in Mr. Wright'^ volume i9 



■I Lanlr 
ofBeck 
Dsiders 
thiftni 
tOTTof 
UiN 
Vol-: 



lOfBeckelandhisfriendis that of Laii/rmie, being in the httter 

oaiders to be among the lialf of the eleventh century, and tlap 

ilhub&tionB of thepublic last, with the exception of some miflor 

of Uie age to which writers, if W~iUiam the trouvdre^ in tb» 

Nonnam brought year 1213; wld when i """"^ 

Vol- XXVI. H 



50 RtviEW. ^Wnf^V% Biogf^kia Briianmka LUeraria. [July, 



thai in this ob«ciire aee, and widi 
sodi fcanij materials for use, Mr. 
Wright has giren 05 an account of no 
lefli than one hundred and fifij writers 
between the two above-mentioned, we 
maj conceive the knowledge and in- 
duitry with which his valaable and 
cortous biography is composed. Amof^ 
these, of course, to the general reader 
and even to persons wfA informed as 
to the authors of the histonr and lite- 
rature of this period, most of the names 
mentioned will be but names,, sounds 
bringing with them no associations of 
acquaintance with the person; but 
every name that can be received is 
valuable, as forming a link in the great 
historic chain, and we cannot but 
admire the research, and applaud the 
success, with which this learned and 
laboriouswork has been achieved. And 
now let us draw off the clouds and 
mists of age from a star or two as we 
pass along. Crodfrey of Winchester^ mho 
died 1 107, was the first and best of the 
Anglo-Norman writers of Latin verse. 
He is sold to approach nearly to the 
poetry of Martial, who was his model. 
CanKien printed some of his epigrams 
in his Remains. We give one : 

Ptttca ntilia molds inutilibas prKponenda. 

Psttca Titas pretiosa dabat, sed vilis plora ; 
Ut meliora hsbeam, paocadet, oro,Titiis. 

The name of Anaelm is the first 
great name we meet (1033-1109), and 
xhi^ bio^phy is highly interesting. 
Mr. Wright thus suras up the character 
of this preUte, who held the see of 
Canterbury for sixteen years. 

"Anselm was equal to Lanfranc in 
learning, and far exceeded him in piety. 
In his private life he was modest, humble, 
and sober in the extreme. He was obstinate 
only in defending the interests of the 
Chorch of Rome, and, however we may 
judge the claims themselves, we must 
acknowledge that he supported them from 
conscientious motives. Reading and con- 
templation were the favourite occupations 
of his life, and even the time required for 
his meals, which were extremely firugal, 
he employed in discussing philosophical 
and^ theological questions. By his rare 
genius he did much towards bringing 
metaphysics into repute. He laid the 
foundation of a new school of theology, 
which was free from the servile character 
of tiie older writers, who did little more 
than collect together a heap of authorities 
on tiis subjects which they treated. The 



Monologinm and ^ Proslogmm are adU 
mirable spedmens of abstract resaoang. 
His reading was exteasive, and his style 
is dear and vigorous,'* &c. 

AthdartL, of Bath (1110-1120), ap- 
pears to have been one of the men most 
richly endowed with talent and learn- 
ing of those periods. Mr. Wright 
nays, ^ his is the greatest name in 
English science before Robert Grosse- 
tcte and Roger Bacon. He travelled 
to Italy, Greece, and Asia Minor, and 
probably studied among the Arabs of 
the East, and was absent in his pursuit 
of learning for seven years. His ce- 
lebrity was great in afler times, and 
in the thirteenth century Vincent of 
Beauvais calls him ^* Fhilosophus An- 
glorum." We next meet with Ordsn'ctcs 
VUaiis (1075-1143), whose works on 
ecclesiastical history are among the 
mast valuable of those old ones we 
possess, though wanting in system and 
sometimes inaccurate in dates. Turold^ 
who lived in the time of Stephen, is the 
author of the earliest known romance 
in the Anglo-Norman language, the 
^* Chanson de Roland," describing the 
<liaastrous battle of Roncevaux. His 
verse is of a very peculiar structure, 
in which the final rhyme rests on the 
vowels^ independent of the consonants. 
Mr. Wright has quoted a passage from 
the death of Roland, and he says there 
are many passages possessing pathetic 
traits of considerable beauty in the 
poem. The only original MS. exists 
m the Bodleian library, from which 
M. Michel printed lis edition in 
1837. 

William of Malmesbury is a name 
better known than any of the pre- 
ceding ; and he was one of the most 
remarkable writers of the twelfth 
century. 

*' He was the first English writer, qfter 
Bedif who attempted successfully to raise 
history above the dry and undigested de- 
tails of a chronicle. He boasts, and not 
without reason, of his industry in collect- 
ing materials. We cannot discover that 
he used any written authorities for the 
earlier portion of his history except such 
as are well known; but he lived at a 
period when a vast number of valuable 
traditions and legends of the Saxon times 
stiU existed, and he fortunately had the 
taste to collect many of them and preserve 
them in his work. On this account, near/ 
10 the Savon Chronicle, he is the most 
valuable authority for Anglo- Saxon history. 



1846.;] RsviEw. — Wright's Bioffrapkia JSrilanniea LiUt-aria. 



In hia uiiuli of the Narmon period, Kiid 
of kia own time, he ta judiciODf, and. as 
(u u i^uld he expect*^, unprcjudiMd : 
■nd hi* roDitant reluctance to treat of 
thn period (t which he wis irritiDg ihoin 
hii deairc to be Dabiaaaed aod impartial. 
Ug wu mdenUir * good acboUr, and bad 
[tad much. Hii L^n ia not incorrtct, 
and hu aljle ia much more pleuiug than 
that al uy preriani miter uf Eogtiah 
hiaCaiy," lie. 

Tlere a u) excellent account of 
Gtoffrtg of Monmoulh, mid of hi.i 
e«Iecnd«d hirtorj; but we ehull trea- 
fmta on our limits if weallow ntir^elTes 
tbe gratificKtion of fiirther transcnp- 
Uon, and we cut onlj point out a few 
other of the more remurknblc names 
iMMK«d. LamiKX nf Durham (t 1S4) 
wa« the best, nnd, indeed, a remarku- 
hle writer of Latin verse for his da j. 
Mr. Wright qaotes from hla Hjpognos-v 
tieem, or Senptural History, some parta 
of which, flescribing his personal his- 
tmy, aiui his proapecbi, studies, and 
anoMmentSiareverjinteresung. Be- 
Kgions duties and poetrjr divided tbe 
good mu'a time, — " IkCasas et carminu 
■mo.' llu Ldfe of Aaretl of Rieimtx 
Aonid not be passed over wilt)out 
. ' Is rtUM for the behaviour 
iftbe nuRi \t amufiug, and shew that 
Scgood manwatcbediiin in the cradle. 




h|t« In diii:mdis puetbs occapantnr, et 
■MllaiD (iiaa Tertnnt id nchobin : ilia tedet 
Pti leamtnm, idc in porticu rendeat, ilia 
''(■laMar nngolu, ei inter puellarei matuB 
tmtr iriadtar, nunc ndet, nunc miuatur, 
tBBC permtili aaac blanditur, ntmu oacu- 
kur. nasc flenifm rocat pro vertMrc 
BrOfHiu. pa^l faciem, atringil colliun, et 
U (nipIriDin TTieQa nunc filiam Tocat, Dane 

Hw luiiies that follow, of Ware (p 
J03) and of Jiin/oH FajUiitme {^.'illX), 
wiil be interesting to the lovers of 
poeti; ; bat John of Saliaburg, the 
most ccJebnted writer of the rugn «!' 
Heory IL dcserred and enjoys a more 
OLimAeA ootice. (p. 230—245.) The 
Arctutremu» of Ji'An de IlauteriUr, 
dae of llie mo*t renurkahle Latin 
■Oetf of the twdlUi century, will not 
r M orerioofced (p. -250), with the 
LinerilXion nf ikf Enf^uh drinking 
'r IB (Ac tarljik eejUury. Arch- 
p itaUhru if best known as the 
T of the ihini cnwudci but (lie 



51 

reader will here iind tliat he also spent 
much of his time in literary parsiiita 
(p. 291). The next name, that of 
tValtfr Mapet, is far belter known, 
indeed, Mr, Wright says, be was one 
of the most remarkable of the lilcrar? 
men at the court of Henry the Second. 
There ia a very judicious and careful 
account ofhis works, with thmr merita 
and defects, at pp. 29H, 299. He was 
a writer in An^o-Nomian as well bs 
Latin, and to lum we are indebted for 
u large portion of the cycle of tbe 
romances of the Round Table in their 
earliest Ibrm. His work, entitled " De 
Nugis Curialium," is now in the press 
for tbe Camden Society, which baa al< 
ready printed B volume of the Latin 
Poetry cominonly attributed to him. 

Many years ago we remeiabw the 
following lines became very popular, 
being quoted in the notes to the Pur- 
suits ot Literature ; — 
Meum eit propositam in tabemi morl, 
Vipum lit appoainim morientia ori, 
Ut dtcant mm TCneri&t angelonim <:hori, 
' Deui sit propitiiu hnic potatori.' 
From these he has been called " the 
jovial archdeacon," "the jVuocreon of 
his age," but this is all n mistake ; tbe 
words are a mock confession in a poem 
culled Confcssio Golia-, and the aathor, 
Mr. Wright tells us, was" a leamod and 
eleeant scholar, a man of good sense. 
higb character, and strict morality." 
Of Bichttrd CanrdeLion Mr. Wright 
observes that " it is difficult to decide 
whetiicr as a poet he ought to be 
claased cjiclusively with the troiAadoiirf 
or with the trotnitTtii." The poet who 
uppcurs under the name of Tkonuu (p. 
340) was author of two of the most 
reioarkablc monumentB of our early 
literature, the romance of Horn and 
that of Tristan. Of this latter poem, 
no Ei^lish metrical translation was 
luitdc ni the b^inning of the 14th 
century, and which was published by 
SU- Walter Scott, Mr. Wright intbrmx 
us, "noleerfaocravlelg. Kkohadfarmfd 
•ame very wrong iMioiu ai to its 

We havenow, we think, said enough 

* At p, 463 wc find mention of a 

maak of Peter borough, n attirinl dnscrip. 
tiOD oF Norfolti. It commences with the 
accoant of an edict tent Alt t)y Cnsar to 
oitlce I Eeograpbical jorvcy of ibe whole 



Riivnw.— I^pjienbtrg's Hittori/ <if England. 



■« 

to «bew ihti vnlutf ui' the work before 
m, whicli l« full of rccondilc onil 
DurIou» luforniutlou, wliiuli eetliuaXy 
nothing but pruviouRlj' iiitluuttc kuuir- 
Itdjn of bi« aubjccl could ouublu Mf- 
Wrulit to collect uui] dJBpoaL' lu Ih' 
bu done ; uiJ her« ne uiuj rrfiu', as 
tp ft rich 4torc-houti! of inforinatioB, 
oonpemias our vurl^ Romance poetry, 
our l<]^i!iiniu'y (toru*, and >» ur liutor!cftl 
litertluri'. 



[Ja],. 



" juuit ileiciiliere 

OmnM pniiinciu, «ti|uc ■ummopure 
Qua boom rorriul, ijuic nob, inqairen." 
Tbo (Slictlpg rciuU nu, that the im- 
perii! ^mmiongEn on thdr reluni drcltred 
that tbi wont »t >U tlit )iruTliiiT( of Uia 
world th«* had net with ««■ tlu< reunfy 
^ y»rfiti. (Sua (iitraoti from tbio poom 
IB anr Dnnb«r Ibr F«b. 1846, p, 177.) 
John de St. OAet took ap the pen in de- 
fckU of hi* uitlvo couDly. — 
** Nor(/blclHtn*iiiiH ouiu tlm de geaen. 
Dooet mc patrluu mum idraim-'' 

Od th* wliaiiilug oaaatj oT SHfibU os 
nut with I hiifiDcDt o( a poem io the *uii 
monkiib L«tiii in turning oTcr lomc pcpcn 
tbkt balanced, wo bfllDve.loThoiuu Mu- 
tln, the antlqukn of Paltgraia, in *n old 
tittered minuKiipt wblch nppeurd to be 
B Eop} nida abuat lh« limt of Eliiabetb- 
It U iMt iiry VOID pUmmtir; to the onitit; , 
Hid Hami dictiM la ■ pmiab uid iple- 
mlia hnnonr, probably bj Minie Ulo «bo 
fa*d<|auTElf dwith the UBi(bltouiiu •bbef, 
Hit we did nai oopj the whtdE. TIm litis 
ii mini; " SufFolc. Pronac." but •am* 
idditki nil word* leeu toniulToriBBtilalcd. 
" Nulla lilvr. duIIb montei^ 
Uilum c(»Ium. mali fontea, 
Fenaiairaio nuUaii decor; 
Saocta Virgo, nunc ta prcoor, 
VI diellbtianiTellt, 
Na perlrem perdoelia 
later ettrteumiD groin 
b aagU •em|HT »crib«tei, 
^— MiM M laqneiuU ttmm i 



A Hiitorii •)/ England laider tb AKgif. J 

Siuoa IGw. Traiulaitd fpoafliif ] 

Qtrmaa qf Dr. J. M. Lappnhrr^^ , 

Far. F'S.A., Keeper of the ^rdh'ir ^ 

o/'UnCityn/IIamliurg,' " ■ * 

'ihorpo, f'.A'jl. ; «ntt o ._ . . _ 

tormlum by Ihe AtOMor nd a»M 

Traiuiator. S eu^. tied. 

TllAT this innBliitkni oT u im> 

|)OTt«nt eoolributiun by a loann 

euliybtenml foroigncr lo the I 

Ittentturo of HJngluid, hoa not loyl 

Binro beoo reconuncuJcd to ikc rt^'■ 

t«ntioii of our reiulc^ni, it maioljr ab* T 

tributfthlo to iicuiduut. ] 

W Ur. Lnppculxa^'i ocigituJ prtt* 
ihiction, printed iti one voliuoe M I 
Uunbur^ iu 1S34, s ebort review «W 
i(u«^t4^d m d Cinner Dumber of tkm 
Gentiuniaii'i Uaguioe ;* but the »cck 
■laving liucu undargoDe (beaidea 1km 
uTotwaa of truulation) a strict rannOB 
liy iu auUior and the tnu»lsl«r, and 
Imving, moreover, been cungidenbly 
enlarged by both, mtj, in this country 
lit laut, be almiMt rvnnled w ft iwv 
production, and ui «uen lay cl«iu to m 
more extended notic« iImd wa* doeiuftd 
iieceuary, wlule, in it» origioiil Gw 
man, it eoutinued a lenled book la iha 



h itarlnBM MMMaast detci 
M mtHD fecial apedotnai. 

.ytnn at ralM dotoMm 

Kirtoai i nt M h ot ft boaain 

Sue eoplin KnuoouB, 

Due T^bii oapiN • Boge,' ■ btJle,' 



-__ rmftl ndlM. 

O quan wMa* nlptna 
Ipttd itHltaa Gi di*la> 



iu»orSty oTKngliah roftdun, 

ThouBb to w '- ' -' 

Engbuiif ■ oorlii 

ritorious produftionit c . , __. . 

by Turtiur, Lbgsrd, uid Ngnvf^j 
may to uuuiy aemu but admm ^rMlb J 
ire euu, uevertlieluu, waure tkoae g| 1 
uur readen who no 0|>iue^ tl ~ ' 
voIuium uiidvr our < 
ubundance of highly it 
will he found, derived < 
Ibrcign soun.'ei hitherto eiplwt 
very (pw of our countrymeiti m— -- — 
which Huuie wvrc hardly acceesble b^pfl 
fore the publicalioo of Dr. Perti'a 'miW 
I'riiuuiblo vduuies of the " MoDumeata I 
Geruuuiic Uistorica." I 

Bul^ ibou^ matix&ftting tlirDiislilMI^'l 
(iroof* of tl^ moat potieut induatoj Ik ■ 
the collectiou and lue oT UftlcnHI J 
wliorercr they were to he tbondit ■ 

rcmaiDdtr it, tbroogh damp and voivq 
lUegible. 
* Par May M3i, p. 506. 



I9ff-J RlvtBW.^L4ppeDbtf(:'8 i/ufoiy ^EngltfnJ. 

mil ■* W bistoHc spirit of ao ordiDuy 
4^ne, Dr. Lftppenberg, we griere to 
tt^ it, is bj no lumns exempt troiu 
ftulU of a verj .Tave cast. We have 
jtudied hid worfc with rarv, and our 

i a — u Ibrcignen, we pro- 

. wt& diffidence-— tbat his atjle 
il lunh wd difficult, his meaning at 
dnc* hanilj ascertainable, and his 
'VMtttf not anfreqnentJjr »t variaiiCF 
vilh the anthontiesirhich be professed 
to Ibllov. HeK objcctJoTu do not, 
faowerer, applj to the worlc in its 
Eq^^hdreo — muchintbewajofmr- 
netMO having, lui doubt, been done hy 
ifatt author huuftuirt and tuuch bv iu^ 
tmulatart and it is with the tranala- 
'iaa tint we are mora espedallj con- 
«(nwd. At the same time we must 
allow that, notwtthstaDding the minuli! 
Ttfr'ni dcjphived in it with rcipect 
to dUea and tbe racei of pettj kings 
if the island 




]^ 



ranous |ians 
_ _ suHTuntf of Wcsaex ana 

ibe waA IS vwj far from being 

Md luresdable i on the contrary, 
it ii oBttrtainiiw, ^d with here and 
Ifcan a ^*^^ *" '^ lugeudary, even 
h^VOda, aa Ur. Tborm jiutij obgerres, 
■M babg to be indiacrimiuately re- 
j«Cled u md of value, in recco'duig 
I Ike Idstor; of times of which it muj 
be wid, that the genu of man; an im- 
bomut eient countcted with tbe es- 
I UUithtaeut and progress of religion, 
*1 as many a mainspring of action, 
1 ma Hnetuue* be found in a legend.* 
\ Ui hia pre&cv, Ul. Tborpe speaks 
I niffidentlj di«rouraginft tn 




of 



r, Kid. and Wolfeabfltttt 
B4M HaMf lavoanid me with the long 
and DUDtemipleil lue of muiy rare work' 
aai muoMnpte neciissary for uich in- 
WimgttiaOM." Pref. p. ix. Dr. L. nc- 
fcnowtodeei alio the kind aid be recdred 
ban Mr. C. P. Cooper, Q..C. during that 
l^lloDaii'* lecretansbip to the late Re- 
cord CommlaMoa. no conuDunioted to 
Utt the onfiDinhed lolumeoflheUte Mr. 
P«trie, Tontaioisg the iirciiously unei- 
ploccd Ettoiu Jts Engtei of M. Gaimar, 
Om Aonaln Cambri«. iJie Brut j Ty* 
. aad Iht Carmen de Belio 
~, McribMl to Wido, Bitbup 



fMRiagcDU, 



mather-longue and good repute were 
not wan^g, jet it appeared to me 
that in diis were contained many par- 
ticulars, cspeciallv with reference to 
cJiroDological crinciam, and to wbst 
maj be called the German portion of 
Anglo-Saxon historj, not elsewhere 
to be found in a condensed form, as 
well aij muc|i other infonuaUou, which 
the author's pursuits in the field of old 
Teutonic literature hod enabled him 
to introduce almost as matter of course, 
at a time when that field was a sort of 
lerra incognita to most lovers of historic 
literiitiire in England." Ue informs us 
that, meeting with no encour^etnuit, 
be conmiitted ts the Haines niH fint 
tinnslation, reaching to the end of the 
beptari'bj, though, while editing for 
the government the "Ancient Laws 
and Institutes of Kngland," having 
been put in possession of Mr. Fetrie ■ 
unfinished volume and other autho- 
rities, he was unable to rusist the 
temptation thug thrown in his way to 
test and enlarge the text of Dr. livp- 
penbciv'a hbtorj, — in short, lo re- 
sume the work. 

Of tbe advantages possessed bj tha 
translation over uic original, we can 
judge from the following pussuge of the 
(jTiiylator'a profacc : — 

" On the &-tt notice of my iateotion to 
InDslate bii work. Dr. LappeDbcrs moit 
kiadly iupolied me with a consioenlila 
luiutil? of tnitter, both u sdditiooi to 
and conectiuns uf tbe original, tbe nib- 
itBDce of wbirli will be found in tbe text, 
in new umotations. or embodied widi the 
old ones, while my own additioa* and 
modiScatlona have more capedal refexeocc 
to tbe test, though ■ hw nates by ma will 
Itu occofionally scattered throughout the 
volumes. . ■ . Tbe passsges fi^jin tbe an- 
dent hutoriatii, occasionally interwoven 
into the tf <it, 1 have rendered, not from 
the author's Germna venioo, but directly 
from the originals.'' t 

Prefixed to the first volume is a va- 
luable and instructive review, under 
the title of "Literary InlroductioD," of 
the several souree* m our anie-Nonnan 
bi^torjib^inningwith the large coUec- 

i" Another recommendation attending 
the translation is tbe correct orthogiapby 
of the Anglo-Saxon peiaonal proper name*, 
which had previously been most miac- 
counUbly neglected. WeuregladtoseethaC 
Mr. Thorpe's example has been followtd 
by mote tbu one scholar of cioioeace. 



4 

J 



Review. — ^Lsppenbergi'B ffittory o/Bngland, 



[Jily.J 



lions or Parker, Sttvile, Twjaden. &c. 
and including the abonive atlempl of 
tlie late Mr. Tetrie to rival the grand 
historical collections of our contiaental 
neighbours and brethren, and con- 
tinueil by a classed critical notice oi' 
the Welsh, Irish. Anglo-Saxon, early 
Knglish, Norman, ontf modem English 
I'bronicles and historians, from GQdos 
and the IViods domi to Tiingard and 
Palgrare. The first (iS pit&a of the 
hislorj itself contain a irdl-writleu 



Amid so much interesting matliir it 
in difficult to select any points for par- 
ticular notice, though, as being new 
to the majority of reoders, we would 
direct atteulion to the following heads : 
the Clironoli^, the Runes, and the 
National Tramtions of the Saxons be- 
fore their migration to Britain; also 
the valuable account-i of the acverul 
races of which tlic invaders consisted, 
viz. Saxons, Angles, Jules, &c. 

The mythic interpretation of the 
storj of Ilengist ond Horsa, fo gene- 
rally adopted by continental »i:holars, 
Mr. Thorpe seems totally to discard : 
tbongh our limits will admit only of a 
reference to his note, vol. i. p. 97, and 
to his extracts from BcowuUj Sec. nt 
the end of the volnme, accompanied 
by a translation, differing occasionally 
from those of Gruodtvig and Kemblc, 
and by some conjectural emendations 
of the text of Bcowidf 

On the introduction of Christianity 
among our Germanic foreiathcm, on 
the Qiureh hbtory, foreign missiau:<, 
and arts at that earlyperiod. Dr. Lnp- 
penberg's work is {urticularly vain- 
able. Notunlrci|UCi]tly, too, be throws 
lif^t on points of history where, from 
long habitndc, we never eu9|>ectcd 
misconception to exist. As an instance 
of thl<- 1 tia J be cited the story of Uakoii 
of Nnrwayand ^ihelstan, the latter 
ofwhoni Dr. Lappenbei^, with great 
probability, supposes to have been, 
not our great We«t Sa^on king of thai 
name, but Guthrum .lEthcUtan II. the 
Daniab king of East Andia. 

At the end of each vohune ore'giveii 
genealogical tables of the several races 
of kings prior to the Norman Contiuest, 
revised throughout and enlarged by 
the induitrious translator. 

As ppecimens both of our untbor's 

4tyle and of tht mntltlioD, we lab- 



join the following extractn from Ac'" 
narratives of the battles of Stanford 
Bridffc and Hostinf^. Of the forme- 
Dr. Lappenberg writes, — 

" The juris PidI and Erlin; Lid been 
lift bebind with the ships, when Uorald 
(Haidrilda) and Toitig, on Ihfir nureh, 
pcrciHved cionils of dust edd^ag before 
them, which were interpreted by Ibe latter 
■B signs of > body of friends camiog to 
thdr aid. On recai!i>isin|; Iheni to be 
EngUtb troops, Tostig prudenlly idvised 
the kiag. who was not armed for (be coa- 
flicC,to ntrcaC with all speed to the ibipi. 
and there nnite with bis forces those which 
hid remained behind under Panl and 
Eriing; hat the bolder coaiuel of the 
Norwegiin prevailed, and three rapid 
riders were despatched to bring ap the 
reinforcement. Hardruda then caosed 
his banner, called LuDdejds (the desola- 
tion of landf), to be fct up, aroaad which 
he and aU his rnUowers were statioited. 
The infantry irere drawn up in one line, 
forming a hollon circle, with shield 
joined to shield, and their spesn driven 
into the earth before them, in order to 
oheck (he ooaet of the hostile caTatry : 
the light archers were placed wherever the 
enemy seemed to threaten aa attack. As 
Harold advanced wicli bin stout bund of 
English foot and horse, he espied a Nor- 
wegian leader with a bright blu; mantle 
and a glittering helmet, mounted on ■ 
black charger, surveying the tine. The 
Norwc^an's horse stumbled and cast hia 
rider on the earth. * Who,' inqoind 
Harold, ' is that gigantic farm who has 
follenfrom hit steed !' On being iufomed 
that it was his rofal odvemr]', he ei- 
i-laimed to hik warriors about to begin the 
onset, and whea a happy word is wont tu 
el» .._. 

Wliat follows is li'om the accouut 
of tlic battle of Scnlac, or Hastings. 

"William hud sought Harold daring 
(Le battle, far the pitpose of euga^ng 
with him in single combat -, hut instead of 
him. Lad encountered on Anglo-tiaion of 
distinguished valour, who beat in his hel- 
met, bat fell under the Isnces of (he sar- 
ronoding Normans. The English stand* 
srd still proudly waved, around which a 
small hut heroic band, tho flower of Ha- 
rold's army, yet uneonijuered foaght. . . 



t Willi 



shaken. Twenty noble Normans nnw 
leagued together lo burst through the 
ranks of the enemy, and seize the royal 
standard : many of them perished in tho 

attempt, bat the priie wu gmni, atid tht 



,1S46.] Bbview.— Brogden's Catholic Safagwrdt. 



I 



kingdom of Cctdic wu do more 

Tbe Xaag rorgotten name of the 

^•M vat, before tbii bsttEf , Senlir ; anil 
Willum. like hia predecessor Cout, wbo 
bad coniFcrated all bis most renowned 
bsttle-fieldi, caused a religioDS inDdnre. 
ricU; endowed, 1i< be nuB«lon the plaer ; 
uid Itae bigh ullar of Battle Abbc) 
narked tbr (pot nhere Harold's first, and 
aAemrdi Ibc Pupe'i oonsccniled binopr 
■■Ted. Tbe naiaei of thr chiefi nbo ae- 
cooipBDied the daVe. tecorded on rolli of 
pwctuDFOt It St. Yalerf , were lliere sm- 
pendcd, and donation waa lieapeil ou do- 
BMiaD, that tbe lainps might aeiereipire. 
am lb> pnj^ ^ rilent, dealiaed Ui be- 
MCt Ibe aouli of the valiant Xormuns wba 
bU OD that memorable daj, and to oiwii- 
taO. the gratitude and humility of llir vii> 
torions surviTori. All tbeie visible mo- 
tisnMtitt of Ibe baltle of Sealac and tbr 
C0l>que*t of EoglaaJ are no more : 
cnmbled and Ulen are' the once lofty 
nlla of BalMe Abbej, aud by a fen 



'* Oar. glaore Taott we have yet to eitt 
vnf tbe field of Senlai;. Tbe fin.1 
BBTpwi tEvognited shewed how d»p the 
iaprcatian vai among the majority of the 
people, that the whole form andmumerof 
Ifacirfonoecbeangwcre in that coDllict at 
itoke. Cafed in the garb of Kor. wer; 
(emoA the bodie* of tbe Abbot of Hydd, 
toA t««bc of hia mouka. One corpae 
. m* M»bt for in Tain— thai of the fallea 

Ytwa a note at p. 302 of the *e- 
|i«ODd volttrne, Mr. Thorpe, iltfleriii<> 
I from Ur. Lappeiiberf;, apposes Ead- 
l.^jrlll W hxve Men the (jueen, not the 
B — — ■—-v oi Harold, herein incurring 

,_ ion with Sir H. FJliii (Introii. to 

■ ' Donmdaj, ii. p. 79). For his reosonn 
ws raiut refer to the ncte itseli'. 

In MDcluBion, ne will merely adil 

[ that wa Ehall hkil with uuteigned 

plnnire the eaoditaonaUy promised 

■' BiitiM7 oi Ennlond under the 

I }[i»iiian King3,''t h; the snme author. 

: MUtke (ranalatm*. 

F CaAoHe Si^rgmtrtlii agaiiul the Errors^ 
4t. o/ rte Chnrth of Romt. B; 
.lalne. Bropdw., -WJ. lU I. 
IT ia ititenUcd that lhi.< wurb should 

• Sir GadfTcy ^\'cb>ilsr will doubtieas 

nrirti a low bow to the hittonaa for Ihi& 

d ax ripl i oii of tliu Inwn adjoiumg the gsr- 

[ Ar^ttnx of bii manuoo. 

I T TW origmal German of thii appeared 

I It Braktwf in U3T, in I to!. Syo, 



extend to five volumui, Mid it ig verjr 
appropriately inscribed to tbe Siuritual 
Head of the Protestant Church in 
li^Dgliuid. The selection is confined to 
the wrifinffs of eminent divinea of the 
^renteentAeoDtury.and, as the learned 
editor justly ubserres, '"No coUection, 
ut least ot eijuat variety aod extent 
from their wi'itings, in defence of the 
Church of England, against the errors, 
eorruptions. and novelties of the 
Church of Borne has yet been nuide." 
The chief writers on the same subjects, 
of A period inuneihately subsequent, 
have been included in those fi^ 
vuluiues edited by Bishop Gibson 
under the title of " A Preservation 
against Popery," which are noir of 
rare occurrence. The contents of this 
volume are divided into four chapters 
(.r heads: 1. Of the Church ; 2. Cffthe 
dilTereiicc between the two churches 
i>r Home and England; 3. Oo Schism; 
.4. Uii the Errors, Corruptions, and 
Novelties of the Churtli of Kome- 
The extracts are taken fiom the writ- 
ings of fiftet^ of our euiinent diviues 
ol that period, including- the great 
names of Taylor, Hooke, Barrow, 
t'iiher, Bramhall, Bull, and Ham- 
mond. The volume contains more 
lliuu 600 pages, aud is a rich re- 
[lository of uontroversial divinity. The 
very copiousness of it, however, seems 
almost to preclude tbe posubility of 
making extracts with advantage; the 
subjects being treated of in loi^ con- 
tinuous arguments, and abounding in 
references and ((uotation:-. But we 
will make une frotn an author whose 
name b less generally known than 
those above mentioned, and whose 
force and radness of style has much 
nleased uj. Prom '■The Way lo the 
True Church," by Dr. Jolm WTiite, 
folio, 1624, the editor has made more 
than one extract, and theuce we take 
our specimen. Upon Isaiah's account 
of the Geulile Idolatry, the author 
says, 

" In which norda the God of Heaven, 
deridlug the Gentilea, doth very fidy shew 
OS the idolatry of Rome and tbe manner 
how the idol religion thereof waa framed 
and set on foot. At the Unt it was bat a 
rude block and ragged tmak. rough hewn 
by boggling workmen, that were not their 
crafta' niatlen. till the smith, the car- 
penter, and the punter ••irne, eveiTmie 
ID hia place, and shewed hia ikill. F!nt. 
tbe canonists, like blacksmiths, blew with 
the bcUowt of Ihdr dKnt*, lai Wa- 



4 



J 



RHV!lw,-"Bn>|:d«n'i» Catholic 8afegwt*^$. 



Sft 



meitd and hotcit it Id the Mali of the 
Po^R conititntion*. Tbete loiitbi were 
GntUn. Popo John, Gregorr. and Bmii. 
tiol, with their ipprBntirei thit wrved 
Ihca, Hudeuii), luDoeent, PtDomiittae, 
uul the raM of that profMnoo. The car- 
paiten tbut Unk it in liiiDd onie tht 
trim and uhoolmeD, that itretched tlieir 
line orer it end hrought it into better 
■hap«. Tbamaii,aiiJScan,uidA1eiaDdtr 
fuhloiied it Bith lliie aad Iriel : (he; 
Itretched out Ihe line of method over it, 
and wjtli the thread of a dlMinotloa the; 
plaiWd it where <t wu nmgh, and wltji 
Aa oompaHei o( logic and ])hllosa|ibj 
th«r made it ia tha image of r. man, 
•ftartbat tha great Ulcru Council, about 
th« jear 131i, bad poliahed it and giien 
it joiuta to Htind apoil. Not long after, 
the Couocila of CoiibIUiiw, Baul, and 
another I^tcran hammered it otvr again, 
and altered the fatbion in certain |iainii 
toHchlDg the Po)ie'( aulboriCf. Then 
■one Cardinala, ai Seaerrlii and Cn- 
aantti, thought ihe bead atood loo hi^h 
■bova the ihoulderit, and would bare had 
It harcd down a little lower. At laat 
thej hroughl it to Treut, into Ihe handi 
of their beet workmen as thin mt, who 
meaded it from top to toe. and aet it up 
again, wbi>n the worms bad nigh tonaumed 
it. Since which time the third aott of 
workmen, the painlcn, haxe taken it ia 
band, the Jendt* and their foUowera, who 
hate never ceoaed to paint it daf and 
night. Tber? ia no colonr but the; hate 
triad it to make it heautifni. Home with 
landafa and planer atop up the crachi 
which the aun ibinhig upon It hath mode, 
that tbejp might not be aeen. Bellannine 
•ad fala aHociat«a in that hind ilir all the 
•alomi together, and Tamiih over the 
tmMkj and dnity plaoea lo ■kiUnllr that « 
■•O oan loarce tell what tha colour ia. 
Surhia and Baroniui, with other colourt 
groiuid bf legendonea, cast • shadow over 
It tbr aeomiBg too jouthfiJ, but Ibej bare 
ptintad a grey beard to a green head. 
The reat stand by, rach at are Sixtns, 
Sfnentie, Linden, Staphjiua, Poaievin, 
Kin eenuorip bragging of the warkraan- 
Mf and flattering thu workmen, and ti- 
t«IUaC tha idol agabut lh«a they call 
Lulheraoa and Caliiuiiti, Thus at the 
laat bare they politbed their Dagos and 
•M It hefbru llie Lord') ark. Su that it 
Daly ni>t b« forgnlten, that with aomc of it 
they niirm Ihomielvra and roait their 
meat, B<pardoni,the mass, and purgatory, 
and lingh in their aleeics at auch ai tnni 
tha (pit. ' Ah 1 I am warm, I have been 
at tha fire.' Thii la the labour and work- 
"■"r''1r tliat our adreruriea bare he- 
eWwcd «o theit rali|jan to aet it Tot%h. 
whaieby they haie ntde their Cbuch 
Mfmlai Catholic" 




We nttist DOW make a faniHT ex* 
tract &nm the same wnter, whloft 
t^vei 9, I'urioua graphic picture of tbe 
reli|pou9 stAtc of tho Cammnni at the 

" The aiitli it the prodigiona Ignoranea 
whereto tber fall that lire in Papiitrj ; tot, 
as their Church eammendech it, n) thair 
people follow it maHtdeaperstelj, «nn in 
the chlrfeal Ihiuga touching their aclva- 
lion, I will not apeak bow un^lc thej 
are lo render arconnl of tieir failh, lo 
underitand the points of their OatbaUdaB), 
(0 jodgo of all thioga lawful and Qnlaw- 
fal, and lueh like,— I will only mentlaa 
what i WW and leartied, dwelling «ranli| 
tbem, eoneeming the aaying nf thdr 
prayer*, for what man ia he iriune heart 
trrmhleth not to see simple people lo fcr 
reduced Ibat they know not how to pro 
nounce or aay their daily prayers ? or an 
to pray that all that bear then ahal) be 
lilled with laughter, and, while aspef- 
iticioualj thef refdie to pray in their 
own Unguage wiOi nnderitBDiling, the; 
~ ~ *" thit which their leaden may bla^ 



Tliea 



imple« 



I 



aerred from the common people. 
Creed :^^' Creeinm runm patrwn oniton- 
tem creatorom ejag anicnra, DumMnB 
noatrom qui com »op», Vujini Marie. 
Crixoa fixaa, Ponchi niati anduhitlen, 
morti byaandaj, hthe r a frrnea, aolarett 

ipirituum nactuot, edi CathoU, rse»((. 
anrum peccnCnrom, commnniomia ob^ 
liriorum, bitnm and tnmam again.' *' 



Little Cretd, cod 1 need? 

Koael before our Lady'i knee, 

Candle light, candlea bnm. 

Our Lady prayed to her dear Son, 

That »e might all to Haaren come. 

Littls Creed. Amen. 

"Tbie that followelh they call th« 
White Patsniotter 

WbiieBiiernosteri Saint Peter's brothar, 
What bast i' the one band > whit* task 






What hnt i' the other I 

Ojien Heaven's gateaandstrike Helljntes, 
\ud lei every Chrisliaa child iTeep Co its 

niiite Paternoster. A.men. 

" Another prayer, 
1 bleaa me with God and the rood, 
Wnh hla sweet fleah and preoiona blood. 
With his Cros.1 and his Creed. 
With bit length and bia br«ed, 
From my loe to my crown. 
And all my body op lod down ; 



I 

J 



i846.J Works of the Camhriilge Camden Socie^/. 



Fran bb; biek lo mj bmsi. 
Mjr fiTc wits to mj mt : 
God let nncr ill came la ill. 
BM Ihro" Jems' own will, 
Swwl Jesiu. Lord. Amen. 




tor in llw Mount of Ctlnry there Uioii nut 

aniltoimd. 
TbiM holadsl (HIT Siiiuur Jhdi Christ, and 

BUnntlwdal bis bI«iljoi( nound, 

■ilt)NBHBf<rfIlMFIltb«.tblSon,uidIhFHo1y' 

GtwBt. [ lake tb« rnini Ihc grouuil. 

id w the; pincb it up uid vear it. 

..And it canaot be ansirered that 

DC ibe ruilomi of a few simple 

. Gir this tfaat I saj is genrral 

„ country, thf whole body 

mWt &ir common people, pojiiahly ad- 

" ' nI. pncdiing nothiog else, until it 

■•Gm, b]r tliemitiittiy or hU Gospel, 

■ them. Ve«, the wiieit men 

L. dcToled to PapiMrj, thooi-h 
md brought Dp for ciril quali- 
am, nnd of good places in the countrr. 
JH Be plunged in this ignorance, being 
pMVudcd that what Ihey hne learacd by 
ItMf CBitom and continnance in their 
oU rcUgJoii (to the)r style it), they ibnuld 
Mt ^w orer. Vea, IbU sin is >o Foul 
■ni pitvout, that it may not endure to be 
looked mto,"&F. 
Ilie ttnthor thc.u giviot v." one ul' tlie 

Enn to tho Virmn Wait, ((Jffie. 
r, p. 27). 
"AU hull O Queen 1 Motlier of 
meiey ! Our lift, sweetnesi, and 1i0[>e, all 
hail! We eiiled, the tooa of Eve, da 
crylolhec. To thee we sigh, graaniug 
nd weeping in this vale at lears. lliere- 
fbre, O thon our aifrocalf. turn thou thy 
KMrafid eyes tuita u>, and show n* : after 
tU* oiir, blesaed Jeaoi, the fmit of thy 
«nmb. O clement, O pitifiil, O sweet 
k Vir^ Mary, piei for us, O holy mother 

^m tt Oai.~ 
^M Again, 

^^H "Tbere ii w other hope but thou I 

^^B JIM* mt, Strioumt J Btdttm me. O 

^^BjMMMvr tliau eallut thyself the 

^^Bhndmdd of Joua Christ, but, aa God'i 

^^riaw twcheth, thou art hh hily niilrai • 

^^Vfir rifbl and ruuon willeih that the 

^^* anUfr 6t etcvf the ton. Therefore pray 

* Ub himbly tnd eommand Aim Jram 

atn>, that he lew] us to his kingdom at 

tke ovrld'i cad." (Kiat. Chor, Aug. 

Comama. Vii*. Hui>). &e. 



We have now only to add, thut wc 
lliink the selection of authors (snd 
what noble nnines ore theirs, the ver/ 
lights and stars of thf old Anglirtn 
reformLii church !) to be very ju- 
dicioiu, ami the extracb> spprojtruitp 
lo the BiibJMt. I( mil be, when 
finished, u verf Taliiiible work ludeetl, 
a treagure-houw of lenming. eloquenci'. 
and piety. 

TnmMclion.1 oftKe Catnbridge Camden 
Sonets- P^' "^ 



TIIE Brat work concists of papers 
read before the Soi^iety, the &at of 
which Is on Ihe Church of Si. Mary 
As&ury. CheMn. -By IhtRn. PhUip 
JVeenmti, ilf.vl. />«"«' nnrf TM-r of 
St. Ptier'i Callegf. 

This is a descriptioa of a church with 
nil unusual anil remarkable groiuid 
plan, the arrangement of whidi in- 
volves the whole question of orienta- 
tion, and at ihe mine time forms aguide 
lo the elucidation of other perplexing 
plans. The object of the paper is tii 
account upun eonie principle for the 
anomalieK apparent in the Htructure, 
which appear at first sight caprieiotig. 
The author does this by showing that 
Ibe whole waa the effect of a very ex- 
lensive alteration. The plan now con- 
sistd of a nave, with aisles irrtyularly 
dispose and a tower attached to the 
north Hiale. It b demonstrated aatis- 
factorily that the north uslc, with iu 
lower and ciiapel, waa the nave and 
chancel of the original church; that 
subsequent additions of a new nave, 
chancel, and south lualc, together 
with on alteration in the dedication, 
led, from the principle of orientation, 
t*) a fresh point of the compass in the 
new chancel, differing from that of the 
older one ; and these alterations have 
consequently given a decree of irre- 
1,'itlarity to the plan, which are only to 
be accounted for satisfactorily upon the 
author's theory ; and it is just to say 
that he adduces sufficient internal 
evidence in the structure to justifir 
his conclusions. The student of churdi 
architecture who finds any irrfS"" 
larity in a pkn— and he will fre- 

Snently do so — will probably solve any 
iffieuliy which may arise by analywog 
!he structure with the same care as JUr. 
I 



Woi-fte of the Camhridgt Camden Society. 



CJulf. 



VVtfpmnn liM ilone. We t-wmoi hdp 
notlrlug un allwiion to TrompiWon 
Church, iiieirtenUDy introduced by Mr. 
Frocoiuuit wliich u lius spoken of in 
a \ene oxItb/MoiI from Cole'* MSS., 
uul attributed to Clinucer :— 
'honpingtoB, Tronpiugtoa, Ood be ttier 

witb, 

Thy ateepto looks like i knife to ■ theatb. 

The present tower of this church i^ 

tquftre, uid Mr. Freenuu, asguming 

ihnt it alifiys wu so, uaderstaml" the 

poet to reprfseut \u tower us the _^_. _^_^ „. 

(wndle of a knife rising »bo»e m ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^gj ji ,],e reqiui«->^ 
tree« about it. which may be decine.! ^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^y the ctimatef md Hl^M 
Ibo »he»tli. We are not satuAcd wilh j^^j^^ ^,f seekiua in Kngland tor U^H 
■'"-' -'*'• '"" moilel, he wbs toTjuad in the Blyle ^^ 
Byxtuiliuin. he will have no difficult** 



screened from the church by solid W*H*> 
and vou have no bnger the b e a wtiwil 
cathedral, but an anomalous buiWiM. 
somewhat resembling it, but greB^r 
disappointing the spectator by the in- 
terior not answering to the extxnar 
appearance WedonoltliinkthatgoUac 
architecture can bettdopt«dtoaO:<^iW« 
climnto without dcalropng its chVM- 
terlstic featnres, which h«s aflecoully 
been done in the de^gu of the new 
metropolitan church for India. Wlqr 
should the architect hjok to l&orage 
~ design ? Will not the C -'- 



, indeed, with any 



I! the merit of re-^einbliiut tfae 
ecture of the couutry. The adi- 



tion of a caiii|>anile in lieu_ of 
minarets, supei'uddcd to the 
church when [lerverteil to a 



J ot MB-^ 
ChrirtiML^ 

imbtimr a-^l 



this explanation, 

one rcterring to . _ 

Bcntst*le.tbrilwouhl apply wilhequal ^j'^ncounter-'and his structure would 

truth to almost eveir church tower: . . , .- ., __ 

as there are few which in some point 

uf view do not rise above a clump of 

trees) but if this towei' was originally 

crowned with a spire, and that of lead. ,„„,^_„ „„>„ .v.... 

itnii corerinn the lop of the tower ; and '^Jl Vlilfficientlv preven't'amodeni in 

moreOTer, if that spu-a was slender, <• c- t_'_t;. a i.k, 

und triangular in plan, (and there 
is an exumple of that funn,) the com- 
parison would be moat pertineut. We 
read the verse ssproviiu tbeexisteuee 
of a spin in Chaucer's <&ys ; althoi^i 
in its present stale it shows no further 
indioation of nucb an addition than 
Stone and Nurthfleet iu Kent do. 
although both of these churcheH it is 
kuowii hud spirits originally. 

Ercleinaitind Aatiqialia of ArvuU- 
ihire. By iTohn S. Howuon, £17. M.A. 
— Under this head a fiill notice is 
given of the churches, crosses, and 
sepulchral inonuineiitsof this interest- 
ing district. The description of Imi« 
is very satisfactory. 

.1. EnicoU. 



of S. Sopoia from resemblii^ *■ 1 
mwHpie. Small windows appropriatdy 
placed and spacious vealibules may be 
Tbrnied in this style without viokuce 
to its character, but which can nerer 
lie introduced into a gtrthie church 
without a great injury to its ellixt. 

On the EecUinoioBy of Madeira. By 
the Rev. J. M. Nealo, Af./l— Contiuun 
111 uoh valuable hiatoricnl and descrytiv e 
mutter relative to the churches of that 
ishind ; the first from antbenttc and 
hitherto I'lttle-kaown sources, the last 
DtMH personal investigation. ^ 

On tke Study qf (hOuc Mmtlding*. 
B)/ llut fler. v. Freeman, M^.-^n 
this naper the jwoprieh' of aludyuig 
rlei^ly the mouldings of Gothic build- 
ings IS arirocated: the main object 
dilliireut of the cesay, however, is to shew that 
sections ol decorated mouldings I'on- 
I'orni to the rules laid down by Ht^artli 
fur judging of beauty by outline. 

On Ihe Chirck of St. Sfary, Cam- 
Srie^e.— This (s a full account of the 
history nf the university church, with 
sug^feslinus fur the restoration of the 



■ good r 



Ou VauUia/;. Bi/ C. 
£14. M.A. — Contains so 
marks uii the vaulting 
agw- 

Ou Om Aiiaplatum id Pbialed ArcM- 
imun to TKOfuxd Cbnolei. B9 l/if 
Sn. H. WebK Uumimru SecttbuT/.— 
We think that the difficulty ariaing 
from the adapution of [loiiited archi- 
tecture to hot climates in not adved ui --nn — -— - 

this essay. Would Sahshory, with all structure to its primitive beauty, i 
its wmdowi and high roo&, be suitable volving the abolition of the very 
ferOdcuttaF Certainlynot Keducc anouoaluus fittings wluoh at preaeni 
■la tw>&, and fill ^p its windows, turn incumber thii interior, 
tlw niilei into paHogcs or ^-eitibules, Tlie part eoacludes iritb Dontwf 



1M6.] 



Review— Brown's Sacred ArchUeclure. 



59 



ft 



Jivm the Parith JUguler of Sireple 
JMon. With, hj tSe Rev. W. C. 
lAildf, iS^. relatiDE to the altentiouij 
MBected in Henr; the Eighth's rdgn ; 
Mid TJte Catnecrfitiotu of St. tiamfnim, 
& FhSip, (Old St. SariovT, Otienary ; 
tnaJaUd front tkt Black Book of the 
BiMkepufCoutiriKeii, h/ the smiu author. 
Tie IBv^rabom of Mommattul 
BroMita complete the series publuhed 
ta Omb Sot^f. Tbe Part conipriset! 
Ike curioint bnus ol* John lU Grof'Ma-l. 
with hia grant to Bajham Atibcy on 
U* bre*jt. well eogrkTed ; WiBiam lU 
UifmglOK, Ut9, at Gunb;, Linraln, 
judge in Us robes ; iJte 
irku>le iia «t4UiiliDg on a. 
leopanl. The tirsKS of iSir 
Jtkn dr Nurtkinide at 6lie|>pe; it ea- 
pvnd a» if it WAS perfect ; the lo«a of 
afKittionof th^ buuy liM curlHiled the 
bust's shield, and lurned the cimms 
ftpafe; the eDTraTer ought lo haTo 
cMed the mieaiiig portion. It has 



S portion. 

n Miggtated b]> one well verged 
Ab iUiutration of scpuldira] hruHies 
dMt tbe legs, with the lion imd [he 
iwfcbard. Me modern restorations, and 
Am it u donbtful whether the tegn 
«n« originally croMed. Tn Stothard's 
■wwring of thiti braes the line by 
wIdcIi tbe jiutctian of the lef^ tu the 
bud]' » made is diatinctl; shewn ; wc 
ikowil Bttrilml« this restoration to the 
ran of James the First. The nuthor 
«f tW eway accoiupaayii^ this brass 
•Ititdaa to the defect, and, in noticing 
(he Humial bearin^i, repeats the error 
niStotluwd's description of the armr, 
where the ermine niot« are atated lo l>^ 
ilmiinl leavH. The author reler« ti 
Ite opinion of Mr. Doace that the mo ' 
■■iMDt wa« executed in France ; th<; 
[KMtiou of the tliield an the thigh ii, 
w» frautne, the authoritj for M:. 
DWHc't apiniooi we believe it Is no^ 
nmOip Biel with in this position in Eng - 
UeSgieKbut tt is certainly commai 
faFMdieffigtis. It is, we think, er- 
MMVM to dale thi» to be one of ih: 
■evn OttM-legged brasses known tu 
«sutt Umk are, in fact, but six in 
nch a poaitian, Sir John Dauberaon 
(who is, wc apwehend, included in 
UM cnunterationj i.a not croas-le^a'i. 
Jahm Miqifibm, Print, a verj cl^snt 
figare from BmulwM^ Church, forms 
ae laat mbject. 

Tbe part is farther itiastrsted 1<j 
jbar bnitti&l litbogrsplu by wuj ol' 



tail-pieces to euchdescriptiuti: the first 
is a singular angular piscina in the 
church of AM Somto, Nortk Moreltm, 
Berks, a very beautifiil specimen ol' 
early decorated woA; the second, 
toood-trort in >V/. Mary* Lei fetter, shewk 
a series of Tcry el^ant rtolbi.with lofty 
and highly-enriched caao^cs in ue 
decorated style. ITic chun-li of Iiower 
Peoeer, C/irikire, is a, structure of tim- 
ber nnd plaster, a most extraordinarj 
L-xainple of church architecture. Tlie 
laxt engrsving nhcw9 the interior of 
St. Se^hres Chxrck at Cambridge 
OS restored, — a upetimen of modem re- 
novation not equalled by any in the 
prosent aee tor correctness and oonsis- 
tuncy in me preacrratioD of the ori^nal 
character of the a trndnre. Thesehtho- 
graphs ore beautifully executed, with 
a sUght tint, and, in addition to their 
merit as views of original objects of 
beauty, are in themselves elegant tpe- 
cunenB of that art. 

Saererl Archilefbire ; lU Hue, I\o- 
preu, and Prt»e)it Stale, ify Uichard 
Brown, E»q. Profetsnr of Arehitec- 
tart. 4to. 

TlIK author has taken coobideraUe 
pains to produce an historical account 
of every description of architecture 
used for sacred purposes, conunencing 
fi-om the eurliegl notices of the pillw 
slone in sacml writ, and ending with 
the finished cathedral of coroiiaratively 
modern timeii. 

The first portion of the woil is 
dedicated to the history of sacred 
architecture ; the second to exetnplan 
of the several styles which prevailed 
at various epochs in the history of 
the world, and existed in different 
countries modified by dimale, by 
local circumstances, and by difference 
of religion. The author has shewn 
himself to be alive to the beauties and 
merits of the Gothic or pointed style, 
and leclingly deplores (he i«iiiequence> 
which the excises of lauatictam or the 
fancies of inttovators have entiuled on 
our ancieal ecclcsisstical structom, 
and what has operated even more 
seriously than both these causes to 
destroy the purest specimens of our 
□alional aichitecturc, — the [Kwvtlencc 
of a culpeblen(;glect of their preserva- 
tion; iin iuKlauce of which, perhaps 
tbt: most gliuing in die [iresent day, 
the ftntbw poinld oat in the ca- 



«0 



BsviBW.^Brown's Sacred ArMttehure. 



[July, 



thedral church of Norwich. If the 
tpira it in the itate described by Mr. 
Brown, itn fall, which seems to be 
ineritAblc, will level a large portion of 
one of the noblest of our cathedrals to 
the ground, and reduce Norwich to 
the state of Hereford. The following 
are the words of Mr. Brown, and they 
call imperatively upon the Dean and 
Chapter to take immediate steps to 
avert the impending danger. 

" The spire is in a very decayed and 
precarioos state, bulged in several places, 
and hooped together with an iron band- 
age; to me its existence appeared most 
} precarious, and 1 sincerely nope that its 
Ul, which cannot now be far diatanit may 
not take place daring the celebration of 
Divine Service." p. 163. 

Till! second |>art of the work, which 
consists of spocimens of the various 
Ntyles, is not so satiKfactory as we could 
doiin;. One (*ngraving shews a pe)*- 
spectivo view of Dabylon when in- 
vaded by Cyrus, and another a re- 
storation of Solonion*8 Temple in tk<; 
Soanean style, both of which arc use- 
less in an architectural point of view. 
The Pantheon in Mr. Brown's re- 
storation retains the bell towers, and 
the majority of the examples of church 
architecture are rather designs of the 
author's invention tlian representa- 
tions of ancient examples. Tlie plate 
entitled ** Elevation of u Constantino 
Basilican Churcli at Rome," is one of 
thcsedesigns ; it nhewsa meeting-hou»e 
looking structiu'c without a cortile; the 

Slan ajn>cnded to it, being that of 8. 
laria Maffgion^ gives u fictitiom cha- 
racter to tne elevation. Tlie section ot' 
the structure shews an imitation of a 
Rasilictt with single aislt^s, and is placed 
al)ove tt plan of St. Paul's at Komc, 
having double aisles, [t would have 
betm iimcli bett(>r to have given the 
actual elevations to tlie plans, ns both 
are rendered luteless by tliis practice. 
The section of St. Sofmia's cliurch at 
Constantinople is placed above a per- 
spective view of a mosipie, certainly 
not the* same edifice, and one which 
probably was a mos<]ue fVom the be- 
ginning. 

The anther's ideas of Saxon c>hun^hes 
are perfectly original : they are ivpre- 
sentod very much like what a tempo- 
rary wooden church of the present aay 
i . I be expected to exlubit. Tliefirst 



design is of timber framing, the in- 
terstices filled in with rubble or plas- 
ter, like the buildings of Elizabetti or 
James's days, having an Italian totwer, 
and appearing from the plan to liave 
a pulpit and desks in front of the 
altar. The second design seems to 
have been formed upon the model of 
Grreenstead church, with the addition 
of a proprietary-chapel tower; and 
both designs are constructed <m the 
erroneous conclusion drawn from 
Greenstead, that the Saxon churdies 
were universally of wood. In con- 
tradiction to the authenticity of his 
design the author states that in tlie 
reign of King Alfred the Saxon 
churches became improved and built 
of stone, and refers to Worth church, 
Sussex, OS a specimen; and further, 
that in the reign of Athelstane the 
windows in some instances had tri- 
angular heads, the doors semicircular ; 
and the church consisted of a nave 
and chancel, with a tower at the west 
end, generally round, built with flints 
and gi*outed rubble moso^y, roug^ 

Eltt8tere<l on the outside. Tne authm' 
as not stated his authority for dis- 
criminating so nicely between the 
characteristics of Saxon architecture of 
the time of Alfred and that of Athel- 
stane : his conclusion only serves to 
whew how easily conjectures nuiy be ex- 
alted into facts. The Norman and suc- 
cessive styles are similarly illustrated 
by plates, the majority of which are 
iileal compositions formed on modem 
notions of church building, a grand 
and leailing feature in them being the 
grouping together thepidpit and desks 
in the front of the altar. 

A class of buildings, never very ec- 
clesiastical in their design, which now 
may almost be i*egardcd as of a past 
age, viz. episcopal Ti. e. proprietaiy) 
chapelH, nre especially illustrated by 
Mr. Brown. One is hexagonal, two of 
the angles projecting in the middle of 
the flanks ; the structure has Alhamra 
windows and a R^nmt's-park Greek 
tower. These modem desi^s are, 
moreover, mixed up with sections and 
views of genuine structures of an- 
tiquity, to which they undesignedly 
net as foils. If the author had given 
actual views and measurements of 
ancient churches as examples, he 
would have produced a book of far 
greater yalue to bis readers. 



1846.} 



Rev tEw.— Archdeacon Manning's Ser 
Let c 



THE pretent -rolumt h distdi}- 
guiahad. like the forraer one, bv greut 
B^ta <^ I'Oinpoaitioii, — a very forcible 
wwf o( delivering and iUustradng die 
doctrines of Scnpture, by ailments 
Mj condncted, and in language mas- 
enlme and elaguetit. lu what tliis 
ivekcber mja there is no compromiite 
with the woHd, or with worldly led- 
^B and iatereata ; he looka hia subject. 
Eke a man in earnest, full in the lace ; 
be spe«ka with the authority of oui: 
who Know* his high comausaioR, and 
wbo himself posseasea the most exalted 
viewa of the demands which the re- 
li^cin of Christ makes on the siofiil- 
aOM of liaimui nature, in order that It 



61 

readers turn to 
the volume itself, and instmict them- 

P. 25. Subject— Holiness in Cluldbciad. 
*' Surely Mime such ^eat and visible 
facts were originally ohaerved by At 
Cburcb wben it wu preicribed that the 
office of deacon anil prieit might be con- 
ferred on joaths 23 imH 'J4 yean old, and 
eien Ibe episcopate at IIU. And certaiuly, 
in comparing Ibe Bvcmgc fotmation of 
'lianctcr aoir with thut of men wbo wrre 
nurtured up from holir baptism in fiitb of 
Ibeir regeiierstion, ind in religious houses 
at devoul scbools of diicipline, it muat be 
confeued tbsC in the science of the aaiats 
nnd in tbe practice of life oe nre backward 



1 it we w 



axked to find 



I 



ways by which, in thu 
deccatfulneK of our hearts, in the iir- 
of our passions, in the tcmplu- 
of the world, and even in lh<' 



ae«c^>e, or to op- 



nnat comrey the awful truths irhich it 
baa benrd into the deeped rcetasef of 



the softened and awukejicd heart. 

AAer such general olwervntions, 
which embrace, indeed, the whole 
f dtaracter of The volume, il. might be 
"iflt we should n")1 oiUy n-l- 
« of the justuess ol our 
I bnt thai we should willingly 
ni^ of making more 
_^ L some specimens of 

t oratory, and thus imparl, u» 
r ta vc can, the advaulng<:4 nbii^li 
! ounwlTeg have derived from it. 
I 'But that is quite impossible — in the 
I 6f9tplare,iromthe variety of subjects 
wliieh. in tbe narrow compoas ot our 
monthlr pages, we are obliged to treat 
of i MM eeconiily, Irom the claims and 
caOi on ua of outer works of a similar 
aatore to the present. But to quit 
ijbe volume wiuiout some rcferenctv< 
would be wanting in respect to the 
MrtlMir, in junlice to our reader;. 
ODd in HUiitWction tu ourselvN ; yvl 
they rauat he abort, and, in onl>?r 
to mm space wc shall make our 
,MUty extracts at once, without 
the iiicuinbranc« of cjcplanation on 




a reason far it, 1 believe tbe (rutb would 
be best expressed by «aying tbnt these 
later a^ have lost faith in (he miraculous 
conception and holy childhooil of our l^^rd 
Jesui Christ as the type and pledge of oar 
regeneration in holy baptism, and of the 
devctopenieot of onr rct^neriCive life ; 
Slid oat only so, but that a false and 
shallow system of tliulogy has grown 
up and thrust ilawn Ibis high douiriae 
from its place. A prevalent notion in 
these UlcT times is, iliat the docltiue of 
baptismal regeneration in tuperstitioui and 
delnsive ; that it lends to deadness, 
itorldliness, and onspiiitualily ; that the 
Christian life of those ivho have been re- 
ligious from cbitdhood is geneTally tame, 
raid, and formal ; that true Christian 
]>erfection is to be found in penitents, and 
those who ore converted late in life ; thst 
piperience of itin and guilt is tbe slimnlus 
of personal reaponsibilicy and tbe very life 
nf the conscienoe ; anil that the fervour, 
zeu), and intensity of the converted sinner 
is the true perfection of the Christian 
character," &c. 

F. 71— "It u not to be denied that 
there are, even among persons of a devout 
life, two very distinct peraons. There is 
one which eonsisU of people wli'j are 
truly eonscientions, faithful ta thu light 
that is in them, charitable, blanitless, 
diligent in the usual means of grace, 
and visibly advanced in the practice and 
principle of a religious obedience. Yet 
iAere u mmrlMing leaiiting. Their alms 
are given withont tbe grace of charity ; 
tlirir consolatioas are act soothing ; there 
is a want of sympathy, Icndemeis, meek- 
ness, reverence, submisaioD of will, re- 



•hicb it even selfish, impioit', hrai-Ilets, 
or world! J." tic. 

P. !ie. On Worldly Catcs.—" Some- 
times men of a high-toned profession of 
life allDv.- theinselves to pardcipate in 
trades, spccnlstions, undcrtikiugt whiab 



1 ManiUDg's Ssntioiu. 



tJ"ij. 



■n perJupi coDHiied *t bjr Uumc who 
eucnlc the 1m of the lasd, Ibonth thtj 
m fotUddm bf tbe Im thcinieliu ; or 
tlej coiMciouBly snffer [irofiu to br nrndf 
<■*«■ to them which Ihc; know is not (heir 
daa. The; let other* mtkt mialakRi 
toiaat llieaxelra* witbont Kttinf them 
^fat 1 thejr luM tbem nnJer bl« im- 
pneiiocii of thp tUuC of thin^ which pUA 
Wweeo thfliii hy wb/ nf mie i llie; h* 
miUakta Dotlons uiaiiig from theiT own 
lror4« nasun aonoUoed i or bj acM, tbej 
iBplj, In matWt* oT bnnnew, iriut ther 
Mraid not n;. "nier « wiUiDf to be 
paiiiai, if it *> htppm, to ma^oal bar- 
(■isa; or ibey ■» not i.miMiiiiitt of the 
qMlitj of thoM ther Irtat with, or of Ibeir 
kbilltf to prolcel tbemadTC*. or tbc<r 
rooceal knowledge wWdl woold tfaaa^e ttw 
wbete Inlentino of Uiok thcT dfal w4ih. 
wkiletbejllHW»eh(sroaat aiHin ii. Mamf 
af Iktt lUtifi km •» rftffiBrt wnm. 
Thrj an praclitcd — 1 wiD bbI atj pn-- 
miDBti — ia commerce a»d trade — iij a 
fftaf lMi»i» p iKaHuw of dBtT.nd^lkM^ 

»atBW » wdttbehir,t ' " — 

Imied ■ if &er *"• 




nimpdM 
The market, and tbe 
I. nd tW trceiiil of 



vaned alMgether i or a^dn, the finr fnvii 
of integrity are diinlT aecn. and tnatrd ai 
viaiowuy. unpractio). inapplicable to the 
aKun of the world ; and a pecnlnr aoR of 
ctmracter ■■ furmed which & loot^-iighteil, 
br-reachinit, ibarp. ready, daneroiu, 
driving, ■ucReniiflil. All tlilii|[* aemn to 
[urn in their direction j and they are pre- 
pared for evarT flsi-tuation, rarUtkni, and 
obange. Now it ii very midoia that each 
■MD pcracrere in ilriot Integrity. T%f 
tomplaUon* tu make great giint 1^ illght 
•quteocBtlDiii, and the minUbld and 
cOMptaf HAtura of the nanuRtloni tliey 
ira Migagnil In, give hi many finilllin for 
limini IhInK' "ndaly tu their own ad- 
vanlnce. thni many IM,'' Jlu-, 

F.Hi. Worldly Amhitiap.— - How 
ravmonwithlhabaitaof [wwer. ataratiOD, 
applauee before thsm, Ban raalat the aUure- 
nnit of iiuilr*«l meana, luok aa com- 
promiaiH. obandanamt of pledgni or 
obligBliniii. Bod thi like. It U anielan- 
choly and moit InBtruetim fast ijiit thnrr 
il bBiilly »iiM iif 'he ivnrld'a giul men in 
whoM prita.l'' hialur) thrni ia nut to be 
foanil lonin itining of Doiufience. eome 
daputurs front nttltttdg, item AdsUty, 



and dctcnnined abiding by truth and rl(bt 
in the teeth of danger, or at the ooit of 
failure in their ruling paition. In the 
eerneataeH with which tbey <eck tbdr 
aim. Ibey grow precipitate. aHcraimloiH. 
redkleu, obdurate ; and, ta tbe end nean. 
and the atrife thickcna, and aocena or 
failnre an: in the criaii, one latl iltp, 
Ikr tail act tehieh irevn fAe itMtra nf 
a l{ft, it vflm one Ihal Amcfforvtrd 
matt! lifr not nmrlM Iht lirins/. They 
hare tnoeeeded — the point i* won, hut at 
what a cdA ! at the pricf of their heart'a 
bllb in tbe power of truth and right. Tbey 
kne in aome way atrodi a bwpun or 
ehafrand with ■ He. and pot thdt trait (or 
neca* ia « fhlaekood, whi<A, il it be any- 
thing, ia la ■ncleao ipiril i tbey have with- 
drawn tbdr Mth (Tom the aupretDacy of 
ril[blM>*acaa 1 tbey hare fomkea tb* 
Mrncc nf Inith and goodncM, beotnae thoaa 
•ecfned to be ciilad, diaowaed, dcipiaed ; 
bmiH* the worid eetined too itroiig tor 
them i and branoae tbe dictate* of fUtb and 
IbM to paths that leemed to lend 
tbe dnired end," tie. 
On Miiing with the World.— 
■bout at are charged «rllli 
of the world'! eril pons-, 
n be drawn round the infaetod 
i|oaitCTT. Tkey bare neither beginning 
nor ending, no limit bot boandary. Tbe 
whole TtaUeChnreb ia af ected by it, — wholu 
nationa, atalo, and hooarholdi. The eril 
all -pervading, ubiquitooa. 
lid eecape the world, ne muit 
_ Dot of the world ; nothing leai 
than this will do it ; and this ahowa the 
impoambility of that which anme eioeTlent 
lirniant with tbe beat intcntloni hate en- 
dearoored to da, — / nwon In rfreav pt- 
rtmplwiy Una itlwttn Ikrir kotmAtU 
and Ihi leorld. Iluy might ai well draw 
a line bctwaeu thrnaelrn and the mc* of 
niaahiDd, for, draw it where tbey will, the* 
dii but make a distinction witbont a dif- 
ference J and, morcoicr, tbey ahol out nf 
Ihrir nminot aome of the hoUesl aiiinta, 
und abut in it rome who arr the very 
wondifppen of tbe world. And the iU 
efTcOta of llila mistake ai« manifold. It 
aavonra mnrb of ruh judgBeot, telf'pre- 
(tamnce, and leparation, and it foaCera ■ 
ilangoroui a|nrit of aecurlty, maklif people 
think that within tbdr drcle they era aefe, 
and that tbia aafcty oonalat* in ontfrard 
form of reformation, iDlteid of an In- 
ward grace of watohfulneaa and pnrin of 
heiart- It ia remarkable, bow in tatmliea 
which hare iiolated themaelrci from The 
linalthy uncoaviout action of open htter- 
ciiinmr with others, erila of the »tronge«t 
■ml nio»l UDcatIed-fi>r kinds h««c un- 
foldrid tbemielvaa. li (a with the apiritoal 
01 wlU tht oMvnl Ufo,^^ fUie priatipta 



lAM-l 



Mni'fl Sirmonfon the Templalion. 



tit notive IT of ictioa once uliiiltted, 
voriEi out the OHM unwholMome aad 
norbiil cifecli. Perhaps thii ii the rewan 
why the vhildren of periont of much real 
pietT haie not scldam torni'il out ilnful or 
anjulijfactorr. Tbe; hair Wa brought 
Dp in a itate of srtiAcial teparatiori from 
ihe mrld. without the ml diiciplmc of 
tbr inirird chinctn-, whioh. Dothing bat 
pTolMtioD 01 » tnl} deront UIb Mcm> (o 
DMUnr," Sie. 



We can Boa u 



; butw 



molt reftr lo [j. 302-3 for n beuutitVtUj 
dmwn [nctan) of the AdvttnlWM and 
%irtoiui) Ble«ung!janeiiiliiigitfiiimbli! 
■ad Poor Bute; to p. 312 and 916, 
Labour being die Lot of Man ; luid In 



of pecuiur atlUDtioii, but tliiMe iv'il 
Bol be ompMsed by na; careful Hod 
«oU^lciied reader. 



, FbM Sermim* on Us TtmpintioK n/ 
ObM* m &e Wildeneti, $-c. Si, 
N. H. JfiU, DJ). 

IT w«tild be very difficuil Tor us to 
MoanelvOf iu terms nf too niucli 
~ a of these ducoiu-BCS ; for 
ll (jiulitits of close Mtund 
■-'— , protbuuU theolo^cid 
il careful itad watch- 



t NOlI ! 



I to ull fffvat points of 
nnd liolici, ihej will ap- 



'■'T. 



lo aU careful : 

lit niMlerW disuw 

ioiuDn tbo great sulyeclaf' the' 

.■tion (but ire cvor amt nilli. 

i viam oftiic bubjcut is U once phUoM 

1 iilikal, ud tnto to kU doctrina} «cri|>- 

f tiire; while tlic retuwka on variou? 

>t tbeolc^ol heresies, ancient and 

[ nioilent, which thi: uothor meets with 

I iu bn jtf^gresi, lue quite worthy 

of the weluig which lu^getleil thuni, 

B&d the care oiul diatuictiieM with 

wUck they have Iweu cuouneed. Wc 

I io not wonder ihst thej buve be«n 

, inibliabed at the lolidtawui of tbo dis- 

tinguiibcl member* of the academic 

boS^ lo whicb ihey um addroMed. The 

' temtaii on- in uuiober live : — On Ihi' 

~ eAailenuis iif Chnntlan Faith, anil 

n Mretiee cliaracter nf Chrialiwuty ; 

Tbe luanMle Lord uibjeu la Temp- 

' hrtkn : — Atul here the reader will »ee 

lIl^BcripUnl Mid Ckthalic cause of 

— LofiTi Teropt»Hoti most ably 



ai^ed Bod proved, and the mort dan* 
gcroiir', and indeed, to a pious nuiid, 
even impious heresies on the eubject 
I'onfuted. The author in the three 
following iliwoums gives the three 
different Temptations :— First, That of 
Seneuol Diftrutt, which was founded 
bv Satan on our Lord's long fait of 
l-orty Days; the Second, the Temp- 
talion of Worldly Ambition, where we 
rcvommcnd the earef\d perusal of all 
that lies between p. 100 and the con- 
cluaion ; the last is the Temptatkm 
of Bpiritnal Presiunption, as oppoMd 
to tliat of carnal and MDSual indul- 
gcrce. 

" Kow,'' uyt the luthor, " in nrvey- 
iug both llie ETangelical histories of ttds 
Temptatioo, whether uosiidtred M the 
bit oc KCOBdiif tbe three, wb are (iirciblj 
Btnick bj tlie trt of Iht Tempter in the 
concBtenalion of iMs with the first. It 
»■» in both the profoaed aim of ihe id- 
•erury to challmgc a mirule that thootd 
cdneeonrSanonr to b« the SoD of God; 
but the iodaoenienl to which be Imatad 
for the tnoceu of thai chalbngt, and in 
which he concealed the iia> wu in the 
linl • leaaD*!. in tbe iwt ■ ipiritwal oea- 
Kideration Yut in mitber mu it an ■«. 
irriM sr Jl^rani qftitet that sat pro- 
poaeil, — neither a profligate sensual in- 
dulgence in theoDC inilance, noranarroga- 
tioD of diiiiic and independent pover ia the 
other ; but in the ooe the gratificaUen of 
long and most lerioni liBoger, ia tfap nUier 
IhecaitiDghkiurlfoB diilne protectloa ei- 
closivdj for uippan ; — both plau*ible, 
neither of tliem odious, or appareatl; cri- 
minal ia itself. AhI rathir wrong frem thr 
madet and eirrujntlanr.n af Ikhtgi that 
actotafanttd it. There the otiject of m- 
licitalion vai the pretenation of lift by 
imtitautd Meaat; hera the eadao^eiing 
of life b J tho mtflret nf 1*4 m«iu Hat art 
froprr. There it wag the distrust ot God's 
cart lo preaerve hia sunU that contri- 
hulrd to the malice of tbe Temptation ; 
Uere it wu an over-confidence and pre- 



niptioi 






! art ol the adrer- 
>ary of laaokiiid, uul bis ImtntBeBtt, to 
lake advantsjic of previoiu victories over 
liim to impel lo am iu an oppoute di- 
rcctiou," 4e. 

llic iwsHges following thi» quota- 
Lion are well worthy the most attentive 
conaideration, and we have no ot|ier 
reason lor not going on with our ax< 
tract but our want of ipac*. 



-64 



Review.^ Verm for ffofy Seaion*. 



CJuly, 



Verses /or Holy Seasons^ ^. Edited 
by W. F. Hook, D,D, 
IT appeal's from the preface that 
these hjmns were writteu by a ladj 
resident in Ireland, " with a view of 
adapting the principle observed in ^e 
Christian year to tho capacities of the 
young and uneducated/ The volume 
therefore, it is said, may 1)e considered 
"as a Christian year for children.** 
Now, what we have to say is this — that, 
whoever this lady is who is the author 
of the poetry, she has shown very con- 
siderable poetical powers, regulated 
and improved by very correct taste. 
We could hardly poiut out a similar 
volume of higher merits. Much ori- 
ginality of thought the nature of the 
subject does not admit, and all florid 
ornaments and luxuriance of imagery 
are also out of place ; but the versifi- 
cation is masculine, harmonious, and 
pleasing, and the language so correct 
and good as to show a taste cultivated 
in the best schools of our older poetry. 
Our sele<^tions are always, when the 
subject-matter is so worthy of them, 
by the nature of our work, far more 
limited than we could wish and than 
would do full justice to the author. Li 
this case it is difficult, if we make any 
choice, to sa^ we could not have made 
another (juite as good; but, fortu- 
nately, it IS impossible to make a bad 
one through any defective judgment 
of our own. ^Ve take, therefore, — 

THB FIFTH SUNDAY IN LENT (p. 53). 

"Abraham is dead, and the prophets/ 
&c. — St. John, viii. 52. 

No longer dwells on Mamre's plain 
The faithful father loT'd of God, 

Nor sees the setting sunbeam stain 
With purple hues Moriah's sod. 

From Horeb's height, from Carmers hill, 
The prophets of the Lord are fled ; 

By Jordan's wave and Cherith*s rUl 
Their voice is silent — are they dead ? 

Does Moses lie 'mid Moab's stones ? 

Does old Machpelah's cavern lone 
Hold yet the patriarch's mould'ring bones ? 

And whither is Elijah gone ? 



We cannot answer. Elarth with earth 
Long since has mingled in deoay ; 

But they who know a second birth, 
Wc know they live — shall live for aye. 

The dust that lies beneath our tread 
Shall stir again the valley's clod, 

And now Christ's ransom'd are not dead : 
They live to us— they live to Ood. 
9 



He trinmph'd o'er all-oonqneriiig deatii 
Who was, ere Abraham, throned on 
high, 
And, thougli we yield this mortal breath. 
Who keeps His words shall never die. 

THE SRCOND SUNn.VT AFTER SA8TB1I. 

*' Balaam saw that it pleased the Lord 
to bless Israel." (p. 65,) 

The seer stood by his seven shrines ; 

He look*d from Peer's mountain grey ; 
All Israel's tents, like silver lines, 

Beneath him in the valley lay. 

He saw Jeahimen's breeze unfold 
Their twelve broad burners waving free ; 

And Moab's monarch showed his gold. 
And said, " Oh ! Balaam, carse them 
me!" 

A mightier impulse fills his breast— 
A deeper power impels his thought. 

'' How can I cnrse whom God has bleit ? 
Or speak but what the Lord has taught ? 

Like fertile valleys water'd wide ; 

Like cedar trees in fragrant row ; 
Like gardens by the river side. 

Thy goodly tents, oh ! Israel, show. 

Thy glorious tide shall still flow on ; 

Thy seed by maoy waves shall lie ; 
When Agag's past, when Edom*s gone, 

Thy throne shall be exalted high. 

From fertile Egypt's cloudless plain 
Through rolling seas God made thy path. 

Thy haughty foes opposed in vain ; 
He slew the nations in his wrath. 

Like lion in the wilderness 

That croucheth down thy strength shall 
be, 
And blessed shall be they who bless, 

And cursed he who curaeth thee.*' 
So spake of old the prophet aire, 

Mov'd by that impulse none can quell. 
When, spite of lust and strong desire, 

He bless'd God's favour'd Israel. 

And thus Christ's Church is ever blest, 
And thus his power still guards his 
saints, 

Though oft by cruel scorn oppreas'd, 
Till hearts are sad and courage faints. 

The power that pour'd by Piagah'a itcme 
Blessing for curses,— i^sod for ill,— 

That mighty power still keeps his own ; 
Grod's chosen sons are blessed still. 



Perhaps we may be a little over- 
critical, — ^perhaps we mavbe wrong, — 
but we think the similitude used in 
the line, 

AU Israel's tents, Uke siher Maes, 
is hardly correct. It would be just if 
applied to England's t^ts; but ire 



18460 Ubview. — Burgon's Petra, and olher Poetns. 

take it. thtt it is more probable Uic 
tents of Israel were, like the tenU of 
the modem Arabs and other Eastern 
tribes, dark in colour, made of hoi'K- 
hair or ioinc »uc-h uiateriiil, — tertuinlj 
not of yykite eonnui. ^Vc tiappen ae- 
cadcDlally to have hit on a passage t4i 
the purpose : — " The «faeep and goats 
genenOIr open the march ^f the mi- 
gmtory hordes of Iliyiits in Fer«ia), led 
bj jDung shepherds, the flower and 
■trcngth of tneir tribe, with their 



65 

Tber Mcm no nork of man'a crfitlre lun'l, 
Wliere I«bour wrought M wiyxwd ttocy 

pltDD'd ; 
But from tbr rocit, u if by nuttc (rrown, 
Btrrn»l-»lifni— bnuliful— ulnnF!— 
Not virgin wUiCr, like (liil oJil Doric thhoe 
Where once Atbtni tKhl bcr nu» atiine; 
Nor utDll]! gi 



That 



le bill Di 



1 [dnxD 



Y dogs. 



SaitUol companions the shaggy i 
Kcxt follow the donkcja andox' 

II species, laden with the black 

> and poles of the lli;at tents" 

I &c — Trarela in Luristan, by Daron dc 

Bode, t. p. 254. Agdn.Tol. ii. p. HH, 

" We soon found that we were old 

L •Mjuainunce, having met three years 

' jnwioiuly, and spent a few days in 

I the btadi tenia of the KeroiBnahah Ili- 

yats." TOicse tents are made of black 

I goctl's-faair, and are common through 

\ bU the East. 

We cannot conclude without ex- 
j)Te«aing a hope that the Ijrc do ruc- 
cessfiil^ stracK, and in such a cause, 
will Dot long be silent. 

I^tra; and other Poem*. By J. W. 

THE leading poem in this tittle 
vohmie, which gained the prize at Ox- 
ford in 184A, IS written with much 
el^ance and jM>etical spirit, and allo- 
geUiar in a pure taste, free Irom the 
■nanifold perversions of genius iu Uie 
present daj. We have room for two 
estnu^ta. which will exhibit its merits 
better than any observation of ours : 
and GrM for the descriptjon of Pctra : 
sun SB (M Fetn, till tbe deiert vide 

Tlie rude rock (pringetb, and a long am; 
Of loata (OTgDlIen udden sU Ihe wiy. 
Tbea tb« wtb yiwna tnrilic, ind i path 
B^ oaMn (ormed, in wiyvudneu or wnlh, 
Winds wtiere two rocks precipitously (rown— 
ne gtaul warden of tbc woodrotu tomi. 
Day «au9 not bere. or In SBcb spectral guise, 
BlM aniim an ontcut rrDm yon happy skies, 
iiab steals along, 



nblaca 






WeU may tbe st^rii, left alone to brood 
On lilt dim shapes which baunl that solitude, 
0*019(7* with^y, the dreary palbnay pMt, 
When Pem bnnl* opoa the gaie si last T 
in this wfld spot— 
I dwelllags ail fdrgot— 
sround Ihee aprejid, 

Girr. M*"c' Vol. XxV"l 



Whlcb flnt beheld them were not yetwilh- 
Tlie hue of youth upon a brow of woe, 
Which men called Did two thousaad yean ago. 
Match me Biich manel. aave In Kasleni dime, 
A nwe-red clly. half as old ai Time. 

The following animated and pic- 
turesiiue lines are suggested bj a view 
of a theatre and tbe sepulchres of this ' 
singular city : 
Yet hearts and ryes there be well skilled to 

Tbe living features in tbe liteleai face. 
Far whom that silent deierl air aHma rife 
With tuneful foices and llie pulse uf life ; 
For them sweeps by.iu glittering pomp, again, 
Tlie warlike pageant and the peacefol train; 
For Ibem bright shadows D II those vscinl balls, 
A Dd Bean ty wakes where'er iheir fsolslep flilhi. 
" Heard ye It doIT" Ihe light-eyed dreamer 






Now here, now there— now present, and now 

But now a Biem old King, whom anguish Btro UK 
Has goaded into nisdness, Btslks along, 
SighllesB and crawnleas ;— now a maiden >Unds 
K'en where be itood, and in her lily hands 
ifolds an urn.— Ineffable the grace. 



The I 

It fades. 






a lofty CI 



another i like aome baleful star 
Glares her wild eyes, and from her lipsof jre 
Streams a fiill Torrent of prophetic fire. 
She raves, she risei, and with frenaled hand 
Dashes to earth ber garland and her wand. 
Sublimely beautiful ! When thi> is o'er. 
Let nothing follow,—! will gate no more, tie. 
CEdipus, Electra, and Cassandra, are 
of (.■ourse the persons alluded to by 
Ihe poet. We thick there should have 
biten a note to the line " 'Tis wt are 
shadows here." This fine thouriit, we 
believe, originally came from ftie lips 
of a Spanish monk : it has been ver- 
sified by Mr. Wordsworth, inlrodueed 
bv Mr. Rogers in bis " Italy," and is 
given with other versions in one of the 
numbers of the North American Ru- 
K 



J 



Murray's ColonuU and Humt Library^ 



view. Unless in surh B finished poem 
03 this is, it would be unrcjisoDable (o 
object to the expression "classic iatx •" 
y«t "classic" 19 a word that bus be- 
come a little lowered and tarnished 
bj too promiscuoos use, and there is 
nothing in iheword to which it is joined 
to elerute it ; therefore we sfaoidd snj 
that "clitssic (ace "was a phrase rather 
below that fine and finished stjlc of 
expression which belongs to the whole 
of this Tcrj elegant production ; and 
our very remark shows that we do not 
like evcu a speck upon the surface of 
alnboster. ¥he suialler poems are not 
onlj pleasing for their poetical merit, 
but for their feeling and sentiment; 
and had we room nc should quote 
from them, and particularlj from that 
called L' Envoy, with pleasure. 

Another work by the same author 
has reached us, called Renuiria on 
Art, utilA reference lo Ike Sta/Hei of 
the University, well worthy the at- 
tention of the enlightened Society to 
whom it is addrc^aciT Tins little work, 
in the shape of a letter to a friend, 
exhibitti an unusual acquaintiuice with 
the invaluable treasures of ancient 
art, and a critical estimation of their 
excellences. The arguments by which 
Mr. Burgon shows the intimate alli- 
ance existing between all the works 



IJcularly those which, b dignity, in 
beauty, and in genius, rank next to 
the poetic, are forcibly stated, and 
learnedly and elegantly illustrated. In 
our opinion a museum of sculpture, 
and the endowment of a professorship 
of ancient art, would be the best and 
proper means of supplying the present 
defect in the system of clossind edu- 
cation; and this reminds us of what 
we think, in the present enlightened 
age, is a, curious fact, that though 
some of our architects, as Messrs. 
Wilkes and Cockcrell, ore well con- 
Tersant with the remains of ancient lile- 
ratiire, not quc of our English sculptors 
living is a tekolarl nor is there one 
who can call the genius of Sojihocles 
or I^dar lo illustrate the productions 
of Ffatdias or Praxiteles. 

Murrm/'M Colattial and Home Libmry. 

TO produce works at a cheap price 

Uid iu a commodious form which 

•II In- at once iiislructive and ngrce- 



able, will embrace different t ^ 

of literature, anil present vorie^ of 
information, will moke science »• 
telligiiilc to the general reader, as in 
the Journal of Darwin, or dignify a 
common subject, as in Southey's Lift 
ofBunyan, with novelty of remark and 
richness of illustration, — such seem* 
to have been the laudable deaigo of 
the publisher of this series of works, 
and in whicli we tliink he has been 
eminently successful. 

Malcolm's Sttlchei qf Pertia. — There 
wunoEngliihnianwhoiiaiinorefaDiiliuly 
acqoaintpd with Persia than Sir John Mal- 
colm. We once heard him «aj, '" When 



> 1 B 



Tbs 



reader will find staple proof of the tmth 
o( thia atying in the volume before nS, 
and particuliirly in the sccoont of ttte 
Persisn codrt, of the minitters. and the 
poUtical and social system of the conotry. 
Nota and Skettha an Netr SoiUik 
Watet. Bt Mm. Meredith.— In Mrs. 
Meredith we believe we tecopnise our old 
soiuniatADce Mits Twsmly, a very sccom- 

Elished )>cnoii. ponsrisiiig coniidenble 
nowledge in maay branches of Uteritare, 
■ad in this work she has given iu a very 
pleaiing narrative of personst adventure, 
with constdetable information on the 
coontry in which ahe (rivcrsed the oeean 
to reside ; her remarka extend both tu the 
■tale of tocieiy and to the natural pro- 
ductioni of Aoatnlia, particulaily in Ibe 
planb of Che cooatrj. 

Soathey's Lira ^f Cromtcell and JoHm 
Bangan. — In biographical narrative Mr. 
Southey ia always animated, graphical, and 
innmctive. The Life of Cromnell is not 
□nlv written with candoor, but spirit and 
fidelity; that of Banyan waa one after bU 
own heart, ai vas bis Life of Wesley. 

Darwin's ^DHmal of a Voyai/t RomJ 
tirfVorld. Por/fi.ii.iii.— These volumes 
contain the richest additions la natural 
MsCorj formed by a personal sdveolure in 
distant countries since the time of Hum- 
boldt. To the nateraliat, in almoat every 
branch of aeience, they will be Invaluable, 
to the general reader most inatruclive. 

A Rtiidenee ia Iht Marqvuiu, By 
Herman Melville. — The author, a young 
American, ran away bom bis ship and 
from a brutal csptsto, and was domeiti- 
cated for tome months soiung a tnbe of 
aavages in one of the enchanting iilsnda 
of the group called Marquesas. Ibe 

affecting, and most ronumtic. Ah 1 thou 
gentle and too enchanting Fayaviay, what 
has become of thee ■ 



1846] 



Murrag't Colonial and Hume Library, 



B«m>it'i Lift of air FratKit Jiraki .— 
A compeDdioua lad fcithful nonatiTe. 
The ■Dtbor ni«ntioiu mpposed TaluBble 
dociuacatj id the Burgble; Pi^n in the 
powesiioQ of the Marqncu c^ Saliabnry ; 
but DDfortaDitrly he could not obtaia pEr- 
miiBiDn ti> iiupect Ibem. 

F«ther ilipa'a Kaidmct in Pikin.— 
Father Ripn went unC at a Catholic Hia- 
tiaamxj to China, sad oa hia rcturo fouadcd 
■ ChiacH colk^ at Naples, in irliich, at 
Ac bit Tint, the irudrnti imouated onlj 
to right. Father Rjpa wu well received 
in China, though he did not make manj 
coDverti from Ihe warahip of Fa. Hia 
booh is like a Utile momentarj peep into 
•n nokiiaini narld. 

TU Freneh n ,//ji>iv,_The narrative 
of CtaueuB Ljunping, a lieulnuuit in the 
Oldenbari; aeriice, who *ent to AJgien 
•Dd eolercl the Foreign Lepaa. Thia 
i* fbtloweil bj a narrative of fi»e months' 
aptirity among the Artba. by M. de 
Fraao, a lieutemuit in the French navy. 
Both art very interealing and are well 
trealEd by Lady DuffGocdao. 

Tit A>*6er WUrki tdiltdty W.Mei». 
MtU, Iraailated by LUy Duff Gordon. — 
Tbu b truly the moit interestiQg trial for 
vitefacnft ever linawn. It is >o painfully 
■Bccting in many parts that we could 
acamly proceed widi it, and it ia ■ rooct 
woaderfDllj curiouj picture of the iguorant 
•opentitioa of the timea. At p. 11 oa 
meet irilb tome Latin linea by St. Augus- 
tin, with a truslatiaD xery well riccutcd. 
Bat we lake the liberty of suggesting. 
firal, whether " Citei utriuaque patric ' 
does not m«n that the mgtU and the 
BortaU admitteil into ParaiUae lived on 
ane eooiman food. As we have only the 
■BBvlated paaaage before bi we are not at 
an narc that wis are right i in the three 
■eM linea the quaint conceit in the urigiuil 
■eem* hardly prescned. Ititnot meant that 
" lliey are never hungry, never latiated." 
Ob tbo contrary, bnt that " being hungry 
tb«T are not pained, being taliated tbey 
an oat foil," plainly thus — 
htiety dorn nottaicg loaibr, nor hunger ever 



Charing for food ib 



alwayi eat, and tatin^ 
" Sudat iabatHUm " 



Tlic elpreaaion 
Beuia that the "balm tree" perapiiu or 
pvesoDlitaodiran, — the celebrated "balm 
tree" ol Jadea and the East. •■ Vemant 
nta** meant that the" falloira grow green," 
M the young cam springa ; opposed to the 
" p***." the frau meadows. '■ Poms 
BM lifniB*' does Dot aigni^ that the 
bwaJMiePOt broken, bat that the fruit ia 
u in the onogc tiec and othss, 



67 

where the bougha are always laden. We 
only int«nd these trilling remarks to shew 
that we have read this moat interestinB 
work with the attentiDn it well desenea. 

Borrow'a Bible in Spain.— V/e ha*e 
only to say of this life of the gipsiea that 
those who lose Don Quixote, and Gil 
Ulaa, and the Spanish Rogue, and Gusman 
D'Alfaiache (and who does not love /or a 
limr these f^ipsey rogues and lying var- 
lets ?) iriU also take ai their beat living 
contmentiry tbeie graphical and apiiited 
sketches by Mr. Borrow. 

Bishop Ueber's Indian Journal, — On 
the merits of this interesting work it is 
not oeceasory to eipatiate. We knew 
tliia eioellent man from his boyhood ; ire 
saw him after he accepted the bishopric, 
which was offered sa a testimony of the 
'great regpect in which he was held, and 
of Ihe friendship of him st whose disposal 
it wu. Be at first declined it j afterwards 
be told us. ■' 1 was sitting by the lire with 
my wife, and we talked the matter over 
again, and ] said ' Welt, we have this year 
got i.iOOI. for Hodnet (for the tithes 
are annually valued.) but it will not be to 
much again, and we ore in debt for the 
parsQnage ; and then we have a noble field 
open lo my labours ;' and so after we had 
discussed tbe matter together a second 
time it was settled -, and here I am going." 

i,i«oiiian 7Vi/n.— Of the three tales the 
Dupomtied is the longest and the mail 
■mportanC, and is full of interest ; we after 
that prefer tbe Jewtn. The attack of 
Mark by the wolves in the former ii ■ 
scene to take away one's breath. 

Life nf Me Ortat Condt. jBy Lord 
Mahon. i voii.— This life is tranelated 
from the French, in which Isnguage it was 
ori^nally written by Lard Lisbon. It is 
a copious and animated biography, steering 
on an impartial course between the pane- 
gyrists and detractors of that iUnatrions 
man. Condi's high reputation at a military 
commandBT ia thoroughly siistained, and 
(bis is the only part of his eharacter worth 

Drinkwatera Hatorg of tht Siepe of 
GiiroWar.— Thia work has long received 
the public approbation. It is a clear, 
distinct, and spirited narrative of one of 
tbe most remarkable attacks in the history 
ol modem warfare ; it was the whole 
military strength of Spain thrown against 
a solitary rock and a handful of Uritish 
troops, — and thrown in vain- 

Braetbridgt Ball. £y Geoffrey Crayon, 
Gn»r.— We have hod nothing in style so 
light, BO playful, or so elegant, eince the 
days of thi Spectator. Ths jiortnia an 



,[Ew. — Ilarl'B Ecctetiastival Record* of England. [Jul 



][\iAj nilhaul eiiggcntiun, i 
■ketch it ■ pleuing natural 
with tutt! »utl cnljveucd b;r ham our. 



Eedmiastiail Ri-eonh of Engliaid, 
Inlaml, and Sco&tiui,from the fifth 
oentarytiU the Reformation. By the 
Rev. Richnnl Hart. Sfaml Edi- 
lion,mKheidareM. 8mt, Cambridge. 
TrrLE-PAGES are (iraongst the 

faliMt tbuiga in the world, and clT' 



id the entire in controversy. Wo are bournl l_ — 
dnwn rtate that Mr. Hart's volume, if tried 
by guch a test, must be iirononnccd to 
be a failare. 

We are not quite certwn that «uch 
abstracts or abriilKonienta a« he has 
given could ever bo maile in a way 
which would reoiler thetn practically 
useful. To epitomise judiciously is 
lUnongBt the most difficult of literary 
labours. To do so in any degree sa- 



tftinly Mr. Ilttrfa title-pa^ is not tisfacCori1y,rc<iuircsaclear,lu<Mdfltyle, 
an exception. Theae "EcdeaiaH- ^ith (Treat fullnesB and accuracy of 
tical RccotUs" consist of seven 
etumtem of elustiified translated 
aln'idiiiemeiits of entries in Wilkins's 



Conoilia, relating; to certain speciBisl 
ouolesiastical subjnctit, with 
diiclJon to every cba|)li 



knowledjre. Mr. Hart's nbridgemcnta 
arc too frefluently uncertain, untire- 
cisp, and nnibiguous ; and it is evident 
from the whole of his book, and espe- 
cially from his introductions, that his 
knowledge of antiiiuarian subjw" 



dissertation written by Mr, Hart upon ^n^ antiquarian literature is very 



utay not — and in point of fact, in spite 
of the titic>page, this book does not 
t single " ecclesiasUc^ 



We can furm no notJon of what the 
first edition nmy hnvc been, never 
bavinx seen IL* The present edition 
is said to lie eorrectivl and enlarged, 
and ii sent forth with consulerable 
poinp anil c^reuin«lanca as a Manual 
of Euclcaiaatical AntiquilicK. recom- 
luended by a dedication to the Arch- 
bish<>|w and Uishops of the nrovincea 
of Canterbury and York. The &rst 

qualification of such a book should be ___^^ _._ __ _ 

its accuracy. An author who has bad a^titma ligt^a." Domcaday, 
theailrantaguofrritidsm uponafirst InJes, vol. iii.p.320b; and 
odilinn canni>t sholter himself under ■ • • -"" 
any of the ordinary excusot for negli 
_ '„ .._ : : :.ii I. I. 



perficial. A few exaniples will suffice. 

Wooden chiirchei. — " Wooden 
churches," says Mr. Hart, " were in- 
deed ctmman even in England as late 
as the time of the Conquest, a fact 
which we learn from many parU of 
Domesday Book." Hart, xxv. 

And again. " At the period of the 
Domesday survey there were mony 
teooilra chareha in various parts of the 
ktngilom ; those of North tliuham and 
Shemboum, in Norfolk, being tkefiret 
Hat ufcar to my rrfoBeetion." p. 214. 

Only one wooden church is men- 

tione*! in Domcsilay Book; and that is 

situate, not in Norfolk_but at Bcge- 

Torkshire, ' 



Intrnd. >. 29S. 

Arrkbithap of ifcm-. — This title 
pnoe or ignorance, e»i>e«iOIy when he ^i probd^v be new lo mast of onr 
nmes forward with a prnfeaainn of raiders ; it a applied to Lan&roc in 



coiroei«d his previmu orora. 



^ .■ . . , Mr. Hart's ahridgemcrt m i-ubcv.-. 

d wteatabouxly tenders bis nuturva papi»«, at p. 30. "I, Lanfranc, anb- 

I •« ibe U^MSl aatboritks, as a |,ijIhM>oriX)rw,haTc»ob«:T{b«I,"&c.; 

eJc in r«firrence to those anli- ^^j « Laolranc, an unworlh; prelate 

. __ n which (bey are practically ^fhc chnrdi of Danr. effen all Jut! 

m proftesionally inteteMeiL Tbe obedience," &e. Of cmine, llus is 

lM[ia(i»nc« of accuracy is Tery greatly 1,^^- Mr. Hart's odd way rf tnata- 

iiMToawil whan the sabject-ntauer of )atige tbe oU Ij'j- ksbk liv Canter- 
Ihe vtdnoMw «c in '' ~ ' * ' 
«!^ B of tfaa- very „ 

. alal l&o book 
If lo its pr w cdwrfili 




At fp. 10, 

of tbe doc- 




1846.] 



Literarif and Scientific JatelU^'e 



I edition, he never would bnve printed sionully to bnptJae und teacli." (Hurt, 
n TLTy UDSBtisfactorr renilerine p. 74.) Shades ol' Timothy and Titus, 



or? r. 
B portion of the Pasehoi llomilj'. It 
u obvious from scveridpartsof his book 



a you adcnovleiige this representa- 
L of your mode of life f In whftt 



I 

I 



UuU Ur. Hart is quite unacquuinted monastery did you stwludeyouraelve 

witli ihu hLttory sod character of theae Every page of Mr. Hart's disserta- 

bocnBies. Soe eajieciiilly, p. 69. tioua teems with errors as extraordi- 

BiMhop» in Ike tafancg o/lhe rkm-eh. nary as those we liave quoted. 
— " In the infancy of the church. 



LITERARV AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 



Tlie TheologiriU English E«My, for 
■bicfa an lODUml priie nis founded in 
I8U, hulhisTCSrbecDaKardcdluAlci- 
BiiiIer Tajrior. R..K. Michel icholar of 
Qneeii'i collr^c The sobitct— " That 



H«b 



idiil. — Beiidfa the Iwotcholanhipi 
^alioncJ, the Pitt Club hag rounded t 
leri. aoe for Christ'a Hoipiul and 
>Tltcri« is other for Wiocbester uhQol, and has 
■uth.'' TBHted in trust for the purpose the B' 

of 4,U00'. three per cent, consols. 



Tlie Chsncellor'i gold medal for the 
b(3l Ode or Poem in English Heroic verse 
hat been inrded to Edward Henry 1 
enteth, Trinity college. Subject—" 
■ar*! Innuian of Britain." 

The Purson Prize, for the best transla- 
tioD [mm Sbakspere into Greek verse, 
has been awarded to George James Gill, 
of EoiaBuel coUege. Subject— " Joliua 
Oau," Act I. tc. 9, IVom 

" Why. man, be doth bestride," 
Xa lh« words, ■■ snoh high things." 
Otaitting (be two tinea — 
•■Nov if Rome indeed; and room eDOUjih, 
Wben tber« ia in it but one oniy man." 

Tbe gold unlal given by the Marquess 
Camdinfi. (or the best eiercise in Latin 
ileumetor verse, has born awarded to 
Jamea Cimper Wright, scbohir of King's 
college. Subject—" Visum Mime dor. 
sienti objectum,'* Vide Spectator, 153. 



mitted to the Treai 
of the British Musei 
the Library. 

It B 



Jmmr n. This being the (eaat of St. 
Banubui, Mr.T. fl. Campbell wsaerected 
■ scholar of St. Joim's collcBe, Oxford ; 
and Mr. i. W. Hammond was pro- 
tisionaily elected in the event of a second 
(u'luey brini! declared bcrorc the Monday 
■fUi- St. John's d»y. which ha* since oo- 
rorml. Weami. John C. Jackson. E. 
CoBpUnd. and Benjamin Mallam, were 
elpctsi £xbibid«o«n on Dr. Andrews's 
buDdatioa to St. John's college. The 
twonMbitionBarsnf.cach recently founded 
by the PiU Oub for the two best scboUrs ia 



hbrarjconiiated of about 300.000 Tolumea, 
containing probably 500,000 separate 
works, taking into account each pamphlet. 
A> compared with the great public libra- 
ries on the cuiitiuent, it ranked with those 
of Vienna, llerlin, and Dresden, but it 
was inferior in nnmlier oF separate works 
to those of Munich, Copenhagen, and 
Paris. During the first 39 years of the 
present century, including two special 
grants of 9.247(. and 9,000/., the total 
sum expended out of money granted by 
Parliament for the purchase of prmted 
books was not quite 30.(KI(I/., or 1.000/. 
a year. From li3:i to 1843 the sum of 
S6,000/. had been granted for the purpose, 
or, in the laat ten years, at the rate of 
9,600/: a year. The tmstees laid before 
the Treasury, in their application, a 
statement of the delicienciei in the library, 
sod the grounds on which they felt it to be 
their duty to ask for a larger apportionment 
of the pubhc funda than heretofore. Tbe 
deliciencipa were in the departments of 
law, philosophy, fine arts, history, Ric. 
The library contained no collecliou, gene- 
ral or separate, of the law of many foreign 
countries with which England was closely 
connected. With regard to the colonics 
the library waa deficient in the lawa. 



i 
J 



Literary and Scientific latelligenat 



[July. 



the norki whicli the cDDtinrnt hud litelj 
pioduced DD tbe labject of political eooao- 
mj. The trustees caaBidered Ihit tlie 
time hid arriTed far increaitlDg ind com- 
pleting the librarj. The aonu&l grant far 
tho pnrchiBB at books (not iacluding a 
(pedal gmnt for Ihe Duke of Siusei's, 
&c. collcctjons) hod been for the ttut tiro 
yean 4,SDDf., and it might be 



IV. On H Greek inscriptioD diiico«ered 
Bl Ihe hathi and □□ the temple of Segeita. 
Bj Mr. Hogif. 

V. Remarke on the delineation id ■ 
painted bsaso- relievo in tho tomb of an 
officer of Snphis, a monarch of the fourth 
djnaaty. By Mr. Jn»eph Bonomi. 

VI. On the site of Memphis, and the 
colossal sta-tne of Metreheo 



that a sum of 5.0001. a year would be the head of which has been prcaenled ti 



D keep (be library in the state the British I 
it required, by the rej^ular pDrchaae of 
contemporary pablicatiana. But for fill- 
ing up the chasms which were so much 
regretted, the tmstces were of opinion 
that a BQm not less than 10,000/. a year 
would he nKinired for [he next ten years. 
Thesumi wanted tor printfd hooka would of tbe 
be I7,500(. a year, bein; 10,0001. for old Ulrichi 
books, S.OODf. for new booki, and 9,500/. " " 
for binding, Sie. A.dierting to the sub- 
ject of supplying copies of printed books, 
&c lo the British Musaam, the sccte- 
tary declared that the present itaTe of the 
law on that important matter was ex- 
tremely unsatiBfaclory. parti cuiarty in 
respect to its working in St-ottand, Ire- 
land, the proiincial towns, tbe colonies, 
and other foreign dependencies. The 



By Mr. Joseph 



VII. Remarks on Egyptian cbrauology, 

tefrrring to some statements in the recently 

publUhed work of the Che»alier Bunaen 

OQ Egyptian history. By Mr. Cnllimore, 

Till. A.nExi:ana3onthcTapoi.'rapby 

omeric Ilium, by Dr. H. N. 

Profensor of Latin Literature in 

'craity of Athena. TransUted 

and illustrated with notes by Mr. Patrick 

Colqnhoun. 

IX. On the hieroglyphic inicriptioDS 
on the obeliiik in the Hippodrome of Con- 
stantiDO|ile, enlarged from a jinper on the 
same subject communicated by Mr. Bo- 
nomi and Mr. S. Birch, in May, 1812. 
By Mr. Birch. 

X. Letters From Mr. R. B. Lyaons, 



Tbe annual meeting of this Society was 



trustees, and by a minute dated the Kith remains at Icro, in the Morea; and oa 
of January last, their LordiJups expressed ihe determination of various ancient ^tei 
their intention to comply with the requi- on Ihe shores of Ihe Eurlpus. Commoai- 
aitiotu, and to recommend to Parliament caled by Mr. Hamilton. 
for some years to come an annual grant XI. On the god Amoun, and tbe deri- 

ratii>D of his name. By Mr. Osbum. 

XII. On tbe portion of the Turin Book 
of King* which correaponds with the sixth 
dynasty of Manetho. By Dr. E. Hiockee. 

XIII. The climate and aliment of the 
f April, when tbe chair antediluvian world contrasted with Iboae 

waalakBnbythePreaidenl.HenTyHalUm, of the postdiluvuin , and their rclativo 
esq., who read, according to CDSIom, an effects on (he duration of human life. By 
aiinivenary address, which has since been Mr. Robert Scott. 
printed, and circulated, by the Society. XIV. On the Boodroom Marblei. By 

Tbe following is a liat of tbe papers Mr. Hamilton. 
which Lave been read at tbe meetings of In his anniversary address, the Presi- 
the Society during the past year, as stated dent noticed among the louses of the So. 
in the Report : — eiety by death, the names and literary 

I. Lettera from Mr. Moore, English merits of Archdeacon Todd. Mr. MiUin- 
Consul at Bcyrout, describing some re- gen, the Rt. Hon. J. H. Frere, and the 



gen. 

Ret. John Hodgson, and Ihese, with tba 
Bishop of Bath and Wells and Sir Matthew 
Tiemey, form the total number of six, 
whose deaths are irported. Hie Society 
has been rceniiled by « 



niarkahle objecta of antiquity ^ 

dlsDovend In Syria. Communicated by 
Mr, Hamilton. 

II. A memoir on ancient remains in 

Asia Minor, from (be reuort of M. Phi- ., 

lippa Le 8ai, Member of the Academy of twelve new members, an increase iriucb 
InsoripUoiu and Bellea Lettrea, (o M. cannot be commensurate with the eipecta- 
Vllleiualn, the Prrneb Miniitrr of Public tions entertained in the adoption of the 
InstTUcdoD. Communicated by Mr. Jer- new plan (on (he 29th Jan. last) of sin 
■^' aannal lubscription of two guineas instead 

III. FUrtlwr t«iMrk* uq Uciuub iu ufthrw. " Perhaps it mi^t be wisbed," 



IS46.] 



Literary and Scientifie Intelligence. 



■ Ihc President exprened binuelf in hii 
" ■, " that the Royil Society of Ute- 
Si tcconUng to ibe spirit in which il 
■ institntcd, ihoald embnice h Urgei 
kompau thui it hu latterl; done, ind 
■ffont the loian of philolog} a more 
ei^pioDi banqaet in iU Transactiuns. '' ' 
^{on to nt to confine iti aitcnii 
eiclusiTelT to subjects more luited 
Society of Antiquaiiei,— tbe antiquities of 
Egypt and Givece. Among but jear'g 
lilt of pipers, wbipb we b«ve airead)' given, 
then is anlf one— that by Mr. Bni^ei, of 
a pnrcly liicniry cbaricter. 

Id the Biognphia Bntannioa I^tereria, 
of which the second t ' 
bcCB pabliihcd, (and 



71 

cant by the deatb of Sir Gore Ouieley, 
bad been accepted by the Earl of Clare, 
A list of the works ia the course of pub. 
licatioD and prepiration was read, com- 
prising, nmong otben, aa additional por. 
lOrs tiOD of Quatrem^re's " Histoire des !iul. 
It Una Mamlonlta de Makriii" ; part of the 
too third volume oflbn KliallikiD'a "Biogri- 
pbii;al Dictionary," translated by Baron 
lie Slme ; the fourth Tolume of the great 
work, ■' Hsji Khalfie Lexicon EnejclopB- 
dicum;" the second part of the " TfBTels 
of Eoliys," translated from Ibe Tnrluih 
by Baron Hammer PurgstiJl ; and a post- 
bnmouB work, by Sir Gore Ouacley, com. 
recently priiuig uriUcal notices of leieral Feruui 
noticed in the poets. 



I 



contiitent with its character, and wbicb, 
U may be boped, will not be rcDnqnisbcd. 
Why should the ordinary objects of its 
atlnition be lo entirely foreign, with do 
iatcnDiitnre of Eoglisb literature .' 

Tbe Council bare not yet proceeded to 
make any disposition of tbe bequebt of 
S,00OI. left by tbe Rer. Dr. Richards, to 
which they bircame eutitled on the death CaJcnila, has 
«<hia widow iu le-l-i. for the purpo 
sabi of Niumi 



Texts showed iacraaaed accitity in that 
body. Tbe neat appearance of tbe Daia 
Kumdra Cb&rita, and of aaotber portion 



4 



tbe Sbaristani, was anno 

: two poenu of Ahli, of Sbirai, are 

ready for the press. The offer of I'rot. 

"-'•- edit the Hadikab, of Sanii, had 

rpted. J. B. EUiott, esq. of 
unde a donation of lOOi. 
: of publishing (he Kham- 



Furbci 



itf Ifi. At tbe inniTersary meeting Jami's Brst poen 

3Sarlof Auckland, the President, took ,A11 the officci 

. .- duir. Tbe annual report inelniled I**- -Bbuid, ewj. 

liogrqihici] notices of the more eminent Gallnway, C B. 

mcmben recently deceased, as Mtuor General W. Worisun, M.P., Sir H.' Pol- 

BruMlfbot, Sir Heury Compton, Sir Je- tinger, Bart., and Sir U. U'iUock, were 

- '' Bryant, Sir James Camac, Colonel elected into ibe Council. 
■ "• - Scblegcl, 



engaged in preparing 
ror the press. 

were re-elected : and 

. BaUj esq. General A, 

M'Leod, eaq. 




May '2b. At the annivtrsary meeting. 
Lord Colchester, tbe President, Haa in 
the chair. . Tbe follaniDg gentletucn were 
elected into tbe CounoU— W. J. Hamil- 
ton, esq. M.P., as a \'ice- President -, E. 
H. Bnnbnry, esq. Sir W. Cbatterton, 
Bart. Viscount Easlnor, General Mob- 
esq. Lient. Raper, 
'' llii Impe- 



B pnblicationa, and particularly hii 

die Biblioifaek, the exteosite culii- 

I of Oriental titeratiue throughout 

y may be ascribed. Tbe report 

" Maded to notice tbe expected 

a of tbe great Ptrsiaa inscrip- 

N)of M^r Rawlinson; and tbe kapur- 

"' ! inacription, of which the final 

tiou was being made by Professor teitU, G. O'Gon 

The fae-simile of the latter will R.N. and E. O. . __ , 

f the Gimar rial Highness tbe Grand DukeofTuscuDy 

acts of their "as elected an Honorary Member. 

il conformiiy. and of tfaeit concur- The President delivered the ponnder'a 

«Ctfying the names of Antio- Gold Medal to Count P. E. de Utrxlecki, 

le Gnck monsrdis, will be pat tot his explorations in the South- ElUtem 

portion of Australia, and liis work on the 

1 Bmncb Society oi* same ; and the Patron's Gold Medal to 

tt Island of Ceylon wu announced ; and Prof, ftliddendorf for hi« explorations in 

liieipfCtrd that the historical traditions, Northern and Eastern ijibcna. The lat- 

aed the ancient remains still eiistine in ter being abroad, tbe medal was received 

for him by Sir R. 1. Murcbison. — Tbe 



annireraary 



Hjithin. President then delivered his ^ 

"The report of the Oriental Translation addreaa, on the progress of Geography 

~1 Coflunittw followed. It waa an- luring the past year. In the great room 

t that the office of chairman, va- of the Society were displayed two elabo- 




4 
J 



Literary and Scientific /nt< 



[My. 



rateljr colourci] map*, each bdng t*mty< gnen mirblF. which conid onlj at pmcnt 



ir feet long, of V«n Diemcn'i 
the Sonth -rasteni aogle of Auitralia, hj 
Count Sirxlecki. 

The Geogiaphieal Societ; of Pnoce 
hu Utclj mrded lu ^Id medal to Dr. 
Beke, the eDlerprising tnTcEler ia Kbjt- 
■inia, — who last year (vaa honoarcd vitfa 
a fimilar award rrom the Itii;al Geo- 
graphical Society of London. 



be procured from foteigo < 
great eo9t ; and tliat thii en 
would be likely to lead to 
working of tome quarries wh 
totally neglected. The i 



which had been 
inual report gave 



Afay 1 



,t the aoaireraary meeting, 

e took the fhair J gurceeded 
by C. a. Warner, e(q. The report of the 
auditors, and a report from the Council una loou nan me 
on the progreai of the Society for the lut oppoiitian in 
six yeart, were read tothemeeliog. Lord among the baki 
Pmdboe, W. H. Pepyi. e«q. and Mr. credit of Mr. O'Brii 
Loddigei, retired from the Council : and 
Sir G. Staunton, Bart., M.P.. E. Barker, 
eaq. and F. G. Coi, esq. were elected in 
their room. The Dnke of Deioiubire 
was re-elected Preiident ; T. tldgiT. etq. 
Treasurer ; and J. R. Gonen, eta. Secre- 



ighly faioarable *i 
and progrew of the « 
of the objeda for which the cheap priiet 
were propoied, one of which wai of a mo«t 
impOTtant character at the preaeut time, 
namely, the manu&ctnre of bread from 
Indian com at to cheap a rate u to lead 
to iti iulroduclion into Ireland u a rab. 
«litute for polaluei. The iDtrodoction of 
tbia food had met with groat prejudice and 
i. and cUicDy to 
inl. greatly to the 
a baker of Dublin, 
riling above all prejudice or aelGah feeling, 
be apptied himaelf to the amalgBDiation of 
Indian flour with other ingredient*, and 
produced an excellent wliotaonie and nu- 
tritioui bread at 1<J. a pound, and Ibr hi* 
eiertiona in thii respect the aociety had 
■warded to hint the targe gold medal. 
There were alM awarded to Maut. Hinton 
and Co. Stoke -upon -Trent, iiltrr medali 
and money priiei for beautiful modcli of 
cheap waah-hand lerTicei for cottage*, 
and earllicnware jug* ; and ateo to Mr. 
Summerly, of OU Uond-tcreet. for model* 
of cheap earthenware tctterrice*. Dnriog 
the diatribution of the priiei hi* High- 
neaa Ibnbim facha waa preaent ; be took 
much intenst in tlie praceediDg*, and 
through hit inlrepreter made many m- 
qairie*. to acquaint himself with the nie* 



prince paid especial ai 



The aonna! diilribntion of prize* took 
place on Friday, IStb June, at the great 
room in the Adelphi, Sir E. Codrington 
pnaiding on the occHion. It wai ei- 
pecled that Prince Albert, who ia the Pre- 
sident of the Society, would have taken 
the chair, a* lait year : but Mr. Scott 
Ruaaell, the secretary, announced tliat, 
owing to an accident. K. R. H, was pre- 
vented from attending. The Prince had, 
however, lent for Mr. W. Tooke, V.P. 
Mr. ItoIch.andMr. Holtiapfel, twoofthe 
memhen of the council, who waited on 
him the day before, at Buckingham Palace ; 
and although he did so. as he wtid, to a*k 
them for information, they faund, in th 
conrae of their interview, that, so far from 

requiring informatioafimn them, H. R. U. method of preventing incraatation in 
waa welt qualified to give them many very ateam-boiiera, a valuable dijcovcry to pre. 
Taloable ■ugge>tiong for the advancement vent the explosion of boiler*, which always 
of the object* and interest* of the imtitu- arises from auch iocraitalioD , the simple 
tion- Prince Albert especially pointed retaedy being the perfect purification of 
out that it ihould be"^- "- -'"- '■-^- •■- ■•--•---<—•--- =-- 



of Mr. 

adapted for the conveyance of 
ith the greatest facility over diffi. 



the wati 



encourage 









much a* possible, by ofaimallquan 

'ery otber meaD* in their When hia Higbiieu the Pacha w, 

isle for the arts amongst ths to retiit, Mr. Rotch in a sbort addrcaa 

of the people, so as to lead obaened tJ 



them gradusliy to Uie atndy of improving 
their own domestic comforta in their ha- 
bitaCians, furniture, snd other require- 
ments. He alio inggested that it would 
be ■ell if the lodety proposed a prife oett 
year for the best slab of green mairble from 
the county of Kerry, as it was notorious 
that there, and in several other part* 



Ireland, there ■ 



cf all the memben present, that tbey 

should elect hi* Highnea* Prince Ibrahim 
Pacha an honorsry member of the society. 
in testimony of the sense they entertained 
of the favour he had that day conlmed 
upon them by hit prtMDce. and of the 
enconragunent which his father and him- 
aetf gave in their i 



c quarries of the finest coald forward the BdranceBwrn of arts. 






1846.] Archi, 

I. maiiiifacluro Bnilgeaeriiliinproic- 
maiU, Dr. Rugethaiingsecondeil Ihemo- 
liiMi, it wu ii«»cd with acclBoiathin, npaa 
iriiidi Sir Edw&rd Codrioglon informed tliR 
Frinoc of the mnaner ia vhirh tbe society 
had cndeiTOiirrd to shew their aense of his 
pnnHu] menu, and of the high honour 
be had done tbem by beiiu; preaent. T^is 
bcug iaterprstrd lo him bj Niibv, Ibrs- 
biM row. ind (ddreuing liimsetf (in 
Turkish) to tlic mnting. utlered io a rapid 
nd energetic minner afim highly impm- 
nfe utatetuxt, bit auditors, iuclading bi« 
ite, Kandtiig all the while. Tie ioler- 
' n ihe Paeba had concluded, 
FrcDch) - that bis Ut^bneu 
id be fell very seiisiblj tfae boiiour that 
', betu done him ; that he Futertaiaed 
BHMt lively gtscilude for all the atlen. 
. _ .« thai h»d Ireen paid biio uinee hie »r- 
rinl in England ; that he admired and 
««mitn«d the national eaterpriEc and the 
•emiireineat) of I be English people in the 
higtiot pouible degree ; and that in so fsr 
M> lepinted the transit of raerkhondite. 
~ ' letten through hit father's 
perfectly prepared to give 
inrance* on the part of hii 
falher, that erery thing necegssry to pro. 
matt the intercourie, by wsy of Egypt, 
In !■■ lii India and Euglandsbooldbedone. 
Then the Paofaa had concluded. Sir Ed- 
*wd CodKngton uid that it trai his duly 
to offer a few observations in addition to 
Ukm* which, as chairman, he hod been 
* to moke. Tfae Facba, who had ho- 
them with his presence, and him- 
bad once been opposed to each other 
i«nues: but be was certain that no 
^tncnt of enmity remained in the mind 
l:har illoitrious visitor, who donbtleas 
lUccIed thai each did his best for the 
of hta country on the occnsion to 
whicfa be referred. Nnbor ESendi ren. 
dcred the eioet purport of tboie " onlo- 
word*' obsertationa to Ibrahim, who very 
eaoUy replied that the memory of the past 
*~ ' ', remain with him, but that it tias 
o bury alt au<di recoUectioni. and 
dig them up again ; for, aaid the 
" them is a proverb iti my country, 
■sys it is not fair to remind any 



one of hii misforlunci." Having said this' 
in n dignified, and, at tho same time, a 
very sigoiGcaat manner, the Prince rose, 
and was conducted to his carriage by the 
Vice-Prerideots. 

In conclusion Mr. Tooke moved the 
thanks of the meetiug to the galhint rhair- 
tuan for the readiness with which he bad, 
on tbe unetptvled emergency of ihe ab- 
sence of the illostrious Prenident. con. 
sented lo take the chair, and for the able 
manner in which he lind conducted Ihe 
buiiineiB of ibe day. 

In the evening a numerous parly of 
Membera of the Society dined it Ihe 
Bnins«ick Hotel. Blackwali, Mr. Tooke 
in the chair, when tbe brighteuiug pros- 
pects of the Society, owing ts tiie recent 
beneficial changes iu its constilation, 
formed an inlcreetiiig and animited tub- 
jecl of convivial and rational tiultntian. 





This 19 the subject of a new panorama, 
painted by Mr. Robert Burford, with Ihe 
easistance of Mr. U. C. Selons, which hu 
been opened to the public in Leicester- 
square, and which is equally remarkable 
for its merit and its subject. It ]>reseDtB 
an animated picture of the great battle of 
Sohrnon, with all tbe peculiariliea of scene 
and circunislance that marked this Water- 
loo of the Puujaub, very beautifully and 
spiritedly detailed. With out ciondiog 
the canvasB too much, we have a furinble 
idea at the magnitude and terrora of the 
combat- The great variety of costnmes 
has enabled tbe artists to give pictorial 
effect, to obtain dicenity of colour and 
contrast. The peculiarity of the weapona, 
helmets, and armour of tfae Asiatic troops 
has been a great resource, and tbe horaea 
are remarkably well drawn and well painted. 
Tbe figures, ne nnderstUDd, haie been de- 
signed by Mr. Selous. Tbescenery isnot 
remarkable, the surrounding country being 
level for many miles ; but the line of the 
Sutlq, and the fatal struggles of Ihe re- 
treating array to repass ft by tbe broken 
bridge and Ihe deepeoe{l ford, are strik. 
ingly represented. 



ARCHITECTURE. 



KJfoy M- The Hon. Secretary read tbe 

~ ott at Ihe Committee, announcing the 

Ipk^tion of the " Guide to Ihe Churches 

1 of Oiford." tbe 

It pan of which, and Ihe entire volume, 

")■.. XXVI. 



now ready for sale : and also Ihe in 
lisle prospect of the publicjilion 
. Petit's paper on Parochial Chun 



74 A, 

churchvuneitalluJedto. Tliegruti 
window u the |iBrt to whidi thv atlrnl 
of Che iDb-coinnuUee ii now mainly di- 
rHtrd, for the rcstormdon of whiob Mr. 
J. P. Hnrriion hu furnisbal a dniipi. 
which will be cxMuled u sooo ■■ the 
working drawings are tiniahed. A aub- 
acri|itian Ixtetf raited by nvcnl mtmbcrt 
nf Oriel college ia to be ajipUod in the 
first ioBtanca to the rtatotation of the 
beautiful and dilapidated bnttreu at Che 
•onth-WEit comer of the church, from 
which it ia hoped that Che repaira maf be 
ettendnl to the whole weat end of the 
■<«lc, including the re-building of the ga- 
ble, and openmg the weit window. The 
roof of the sacrarium and the cait window 
were euggetCed ei proper obJMCa for 
■imilnr undertaldnga, on the part of in- 
ditiduala or aocieCiea. The eatimated ei- 
prnac of tbe fonner i> 191i. ; and of the 
laiier ISO/. 

The Rev. J. L. Patterson, treaaarer, 
rend a leller from (lie Very Rbt, the Dean 
of Hereford, in which he expreaied hii 
willingneu to aocepl the oiEce of local 
iacrecarjr to Che aocietj. and gate aome 
BccanntofChEfininlfrom Bp. Aquablanca'a 
tomb in Hereford cRthedtnl, of which he 
had pretcnted a cut. This finial being 
the onlr one on the tomb which bore the 



in the c«tlar of a dwelling house 
oithedral. 

Mr. O. W. Cm, of Trinitjr college, 
then read a paper " On the Choice of 
Sit«a fur Rellgicnu Buildinn." Mr. 
Freeman Inqnirod, if toy member prMenc 
conld acciiant for tbe very frequent oe. 
cnrrence of a amall chnrch immediately 
cantigaun* to a large one. He inatanced 
St, Margarat'a and the Ahbry, Weatmin- 
■teri St. Nicholaa'andSt. Mar}'iAbbe<r, 
Abingdon, and othera. Mr. Urooke snp- 
poaed, that in auch caaei Che smaller 
chorcb waa bnllt for the uae of tbe de- 
~ Et on Che abbey. [We believe Ihe 
ic and the parochial churohoa were 
Ij diatinct, and thua the eiiitnice 
I monaitery would rather create the 
Bui^ of a pariib church, tor it* de- 
danta, than auperaede it. J 

Jmi 3. Among the prnenti lince the 
Inat meeting, were a model of the atatun 
of Cardhml WoUej. at Chriat Church, and 
a lithograph of tlic rcmalnaof Biepulchral 
cbajiel, preiumcd tx bu that of AbboC 
Walllaglord, recently diacoTcred boilc up 
in Uu wall of Ihe ninth aiale of the Abbey 
Church (rf St. Atban'a.nroaenCed by the 8t. 
Alban'i Architectural tiociely. 

Mr. a- G. ScoEt {the architect} eihi- 



ctnrr. [July. 

bited Hcm^ beautiful tracings of alained 
giBM, from churrli<n> in Rerkahire. After 
Borne obaerralionFi upon tben by Um Pre- 
sident, Mr. Parker remarked apoa tlM 
uactulnen of Iraclngs of this kind, and 
recommended memliera (o employ tfann- 
aelves, during llir lacatioat, in prMnniuf 
coplcB. They ncre moit taluable, both 
on account of their practical utility aa 
model*, and aa being, in ao many catea, 
likely to turrl<a after the frail original* , 
liad perished. 

The Maatcr of University made « 
suggratiuna as to the arrangement of 
floor lilea, the eSect of which he con- 
sidered would be heightened by the inter- 
miilure of plain tiles among the enridied 
ones. Mr. Boutell aaid that auch wM Ihe 
arrangement in many ancient churches. 

Mr. Parker made same remarksuponcha 
ao-called Roman titea at Colchester, whieh 
he beliered were ol much laler date, In 
opposition to a riew incidentally eiprtasad 
in Mr. Addington'a paper. 



The driay which hsa occurred in tha 
proposed repairs of this aCnicture is not 
to be aCtributed to ita owners, nor to the 
Committee fiir promaCiDg its reaCoratioD | 
boC simply to some difficulty in Irana- 
ferring Ihe lease, through the death of 
one of tbe Cmileea. This delay haa been 
attended with an adianlagcons result. 
The proprietors, Messrs. Keid, faavioe 
received sctbtbI eslimalea, have fonnd 
that Ihe eipenae of compoing the Gate 
would exceed that of preaenlDg such pre- 
sent stonework as is good, and insetting 
new rough stones to match where the stones 
■re defective, llie idea of compo ia con- 
sei^nently abandoned on the part of Measrs. 
It«id ; and now they propoee 1o re-build 
the lowers where defectiTc. to case them 
with new rough stone, aoeordiiis with the 
old, and to point the whole with radoured 
mortar, fm. They also intend to tJika olf 
the present ugly higb-spsn roof and make 
a lend flat as formerly. The Gate will 
tben be perfect with the Biception of the 
deooratioDBi auch ai new labels to doora 
and windows, restoration of tbe embat- 
tlemenCs, &c. This latter portion of the 
work will dc>ol<e upon the public sub- 
BoriptJon, and which it is hoped there will 
be no difflcolcy in accomplishing, as about 
.^lUOhasnowbeencollected.aodau ' 
£100 will restore the old Gate to iu 
tiui' ilnte, ITio mperintendence o 
omamenCal works deiolrrs upon the lion, 
Secretary of tbe Committee, Mr. W. P. 
OiiffiCh, architect, St, Jolin's Snuoi 




Uarian researchest 



April a. Ac Uiia meeting a (arid; of 
H>tii|iurum rcliui wtre Eiliibiud, but the 
j pnncipal lulaect, wliicU had b«ea preii- 
I naJij >elected tor ducaisian aotl illiutn- 
iMxt. «■■ " The Art at Deaign, u apjilieil 
■o flat lUnminatiou of MSS., and the pc- 
emliuiticB vhicb maj-k the productioiu of 
each conmrj." The Marquess of North- 
•BptoB, wbo preiidod, Tegi«tted the »>nt 
ef any romprehcosiie work od this aab- 
jrot, and fipreaW * hope that the Insti- 
tnte might be the meana of originating, 
or U l^t of r*cilitating, the pradncCiua 
of to deniable a coatribntion lo the bii- 
torj of MediKtal Art. He then alluded 
to (be aoccinct treatiu, by Sir P. Madden, 
on innmiuated MSS. ; noticed the Tariaus 
iUiubatcd irorfca which the increasiiig 
tute for this study hat called forth ; and 
■Her a few remarks on the great work 
pablidied iu France, hy Count Auguale 
de Bastard, concluded by directing the 
notice of the members to the nuraeruui 
colloction of MSS. of all dales which lay 
on tfae uble, and were contributed for 
cilubitioa by Mr. Holfard, Mr. Hailalone, 
Mr. Hodgkinion, uid other gentlemen. 
Mr. Uaibtone then described the general 
pEcsliaritiea of style and treatment which 
diitiiiguiah the tarioui aehoolf of MediE- 
T*l Art, and pointed out such as appeared 
to be the productionj of English. French, 
Flemiab, German, or Italian skill. Mr. 
Holnca loggested the foriDatiaD, by the 
lulitiUe, of ■ collection of all the engrav- 
ingi yd published containing imitations 
of iDoBiiBBled MSS. He mentioned llie 
Urg« work of MM. Silveilre and Cham- 
poUioD ; the plates published by the Tros- 
teea of the Briiiih Museum from the 
Arundel and Buroey MSS. ) the works of 
Ur. Shaw, Mr. Uiunphreys. Mr. West- 
wood : the numerous cngraviugi ia the 
warlu of Strott, liiinbeciuB. and many 
Others. If all these plates, which were 
paUubed withoot regard lo schnoU, 
time*, or locality, COTild be arranged 
dironologicBlly in a series of scbaots, 
■omc approach might be made towards a 
(ntmmir, so to speak, of the subject, and 
■och a colleetiou would be i nucleus, round 
whicli might be gathered all the isolated 
(pecimcntof illuiiunations which frequently 
ocenr, and the various single engravings 
of inch Dutteri occasionaUy met with: 
The difficult of piDcunng access to MSS. 
of high art, so easily susceptible as such 
f W SS. are of the slightest injury, rendered 
■ •acb a collection of engrarmgi desirable. 
"'r, Westwood mode some observatiooa 
a diagratn, prepared by him, illustta- 



tive of the principles of omnmenlntion 
exhibited in Anglu-Saion and Irish MSS. 
of the seventh and eighth centuries. Hi) 
remarks raised a short rJiscussion, as to 
whether tbew principles were conhned, as 
Mr. Wesiwood assumed, Co England and 
Ireland, ur not ; several members observ- 
ing, that traces of similar design were to 
b« seen in various parts oF Europe, on 
monnmenla of an equally early date. 
Among the many fine MSS. exhibited, 
particular attention was direcCed to Mr. 
Holford's valuable collection of Italian 
illuminations, formerly ID the possession 
of Mr. Yonn« Oltlcy, and a beautiful MS. 
of the twelfth century, belonging to tbe 
same gentleman, containing thirty -two 
curious paintings representing the life, 
martyrdom, and miracles of St. Edmund. 
Mr. Hodgkinson eihibilei a MS. of 
Oiigen, of tbe twelfth century, with 
initial letters greatly resembling tbe Saion 
style of design. Altogether this subject 
eicilcd much interest, and the Cable was 
surrounded with members examining the 
various MSS. for some time after the 
President had quitted the chair. 

Mag \. The subject for discnsiion was 
" PicCiIe Manufactures i the Earthenware, 
Porcelain, &c., of all periods.'' Amongst 
the objects of interest exhibited, was one 
collection particularly rich and curious. 
This was an assemblage of SCaJTonbihire 
pottery, arwient and modem, selected 
from an extensive collection made by Mr. 
Enoch Wood, a contemporary of Wedg- 
wood ; and from the woriis of Messrs. 
Minton. The following were some of the 
articles: — A butter pot, an mentioned in 
Dr. Plofs " History of Staffordshire," 
ohap. iii., sects. 'i3, 99; lired in tbe oven 



in the Potteries " pot butter," and derives 
its name from the butler pot. Tbe " tyg," 
or diiokiog.cnp, with three handla, in- 
tended for the use of three persons, that 
each might sip from a part which had not 
laucbed the lips of bit companions. The 
large " lyg." the parting-cop, with two 
handles, for drinking right or left, as the 
friends might have stood. A tea-pot, very 
small — tea at the time being considered a 
great luxury, and sold chiefly by druggists. 
A tea-pot, basket-work, and inside lining, 



ziie 



r ingo- 



unity; the gla 
nftse called tottoisesbell. A pint mug; early 
attempt at blue painting. A lea-pot, 
made from a brass or nie(al moold ; at a 
subsequent jirrtod moulds from alabaster 
were introduced, and are tued at the pre- 



^ 



Antit/wtrian tte*earche$. 



>«nt i»j. Two tiLiln Biiije >t DcUl, in 
HoUohI, wfaub pat riw Id the Irrm 
gnunllji applied in Irelud Is Eogliib 
nrthuwwt. PUtc, Bitli ■ isll glue, an 
larif apKimea of prioUng on tbe kUic, 
tadiaicmllf eaUml " bUck prinlinK. b; 
BI C 1H ot " boti," eompoied of glue in * 
pKimcil lUIe. A Kr»t itteinpt to paint 
tn VSR in the bnciiit atitc, tbal ia, after 
tbe fint firing id thi oito, aod bcTDre Ibe 
gUu was pui on and fireil in a MCood 
oten. Tea-pot with painliag cm the glue, 
after a bkoqiJ brio^ in tbe uTtn ; tbii ia 
caiinl alio anamcUiDg. and passes tbrongb 
■ kila > tliird tine, at a lower d^im of 
kaMi ta 6*tn (be eolosn; eaiij ipcci- 
M«M aboM tba jw ITM- Ci««m-j<if, 



t%«*atip fcwirfBIha auijlwrtuml 



hfid of n liun. the gr,Mt i 
Arian religion. In thn cni 
ircutment we nnjr trace tli 
Grwk art.—JCfftpliiat. T 
of the males were llllela for the bead. 
colu™ of beadrd work or looggnld 
tot tlic ncek for official pcrBoni.gfs. p«!- 
totil ptatea ■Datogona to the Jewish Urin 
and Tliummiin. armlet*, bruelcti, finger 
riogi, and anklets of Tarioiis matcriala. 
Tbe female) wore ear-ringa, cjflinders, 
oecklacea, armleCa, bracelets, and ankletH, 
Bad s proFoaion of finger-rings. The 
uateriais of tbeie ornuuents were gold, 
dectnui>,*il*er but rarelf, precious itouea, 
comelisB, jasper, lapis lazuli, feldspar, 
iTMj, tbdls, resinous aabetaocvs, seeda 
aad otbrt tegetablo products, gloss ami 
ntrMM psX**- porodain in great abnii- 
dnce. Th* fB|cntltioiu use of objocis 
lists, coatri- 
M Ita ft«^«nt roprtsealatioD of 
ifans affliiailtiia in Egjrptian decoralion. 
MMialsrij IB aaetWea and ear-ringa. 
Via Ah( bov oHlaacd trgcfable rurnw 
f their soil, 
are strictly 




Ike cvtim of (be gnat iMea of asni|ailr, 
•T ban, li* Anrriam. Tbe oiak and 
l^bab attira Astt Ijr i^*—<*^i l^iUats and 

bEseekla, sivBct rtog*. P«w MBnsicnCB 
rf tkh pao|>I* re mail 



hijUalaii BjUadrr*. 
i^psl rieft. and 



«leep( tim tn-eaUad 



irl riiup, and perhaps u ammlats. 

■ Mm bas-reliefs s( Khorsabad (Nine- 
«A} •' luni (hat Ihett ear- rings ■« e of a 
pm^tf enida] form. Floral urnanwnt 
^■M to bars pretaikd in their brsalel* ; 
Vdlfeegnivn] (tjle of decoration corre- 
•mwit wlUi (lie known (asl* of thi* race 
nm HfJ anil splendonr. — The fermn, 
^llh ■*■*>* ' i T ia n niilar ton|nes i brsoe- 

liar and sjilral, and oitlndera 

■ the KujiM. Prvm U>B 



lea<m and Ihirer*, Ibe precions BKtala akd 
atones, bronte, Titrrona paatca inlaid in 
glaaa or metal, iiorj. Greek onumenial 
design ia dislingviabed abore that of all 
ocher people, not ualj b; tbe preference 
of animal and Tcgelable funos, but the 
lariety of iovcDtion and tbe delicacj of 
tbe eiecDlioo. A natnral good taste moat 
baTc Fvlj led them to form otnamcDti ot 
the most besntifol productiont in nature; 
and this great mastny in art enabled them 
sabaeqaenUf to imitate Iheie simple ob- 
jecU la more endariog material*. In tbo 
■cleetioD aod Mod]' of naloral tTpea tbej 
were rurtber direeled hj tbe peculiar cha- 
racter of Iheii jiopulu Djrtbolo^, which, 
asaignidg lo each didnilj lome portion 
of •iaiblc oroatiou, dtclsfod ttuat plant 



Archteelogical Ituttlule. 



77 



nimal tn be Ihe «f mUil uf h» WDrahip fibula and other ubjccls nura by tlie Ko- 

nd Ibe object of hii peculiar care. In min mldieri, aadcommoiily fouadiiiiites 

Ibe fancy of oilnn;, the Greek artiil of military orcupation in Europe. In 

probably •Isbjs recognised, or suugtal thrae ipesimfut we trace tbe gmdoai de- 

wr. MiinD TDjtbotoKicsl meaaing In the type cadence or pagan art, down to tbe Byiui- 



1 with 



^ 



llw Mody of Greek mjthography. — SIruf 
(•■>■ Very much tlie tame elms of ] 
tonal ornament » (he Greek, wilh 
IbllawiDg diSerencei 1 mulefiguresociiBi 
•Hy wear belts at bndi, necklues, 
■nrj genenlly a circular metallic plate 
the tecHI called the bulla; the form of open 
•nggeated the com. 
c lines, prevalent in 
This people arc 
iguiahed for the ahun- 



tine period. — Ctttic Sacei. The c 
meuti. probably, of boUi aeieg 
^ ' of heada, penann 



ce of their gold 

limit imitation of flower* in this metal, 
fonns of Ustei are imitated by to- 

ic work, and their tetture by filagree, 

by fine globules soldered on the gold, 

a to produce a froited or powdered 
Nine*. In tbnr reptvaentations of 
hkomI nature, certain peculiarilics of type 
aad trealmeat, such ai the recurred wings, 

borroBed from Oriental art ; but table fomis occur ; indeed Ihe incapadty 



lets, bracelets, metallic girdles faebioned 
like the tore, fibuls. shoe bucklea. 
Material —gold , iron, bronite, beads of 
amber and glass, ivory, the tuska of the 
walrui, jasper and other stones, pearls, 
shells, porcelain. The penannular, or 

Dg, ia tbe prevalent type of such 
oraaments ai drcje the body — this form 
probably served in place of a clasp. — Mr. 
Birch then enamersted the forms of the 
torques, mure (idly described in his paper 
in the Arch Ecological JouniaL He pro- 
ceeded to remark, Ibat tbe ornaments 
eiecuted in metal seemed to be tbe imita- 
tions uf stu^h simpler mBtcriala as had 
been originally woru, such as ropes, strings 
of berries, beads, Ac. The decorationa 
are of the rudeit character, consisiing of 
circular, waved, vandyked. and batched 

No imitations of animal oi 



% 
^ 



Ik* genenl motiTc and character of tlie 

deajgn iwnbles that 

BDre display of mecbauical deiterity and of Greek 

le** of an. — fiontm. Tbe personal or- After 

oaneati of thi> people were deri «ed partly 

from their ndglibaDn, the Elrascsns, — 
they borrowed the bulla; 

partly, M a subsequent period, from the 

ttK^s. — eapeciatly to far as regards ob- 

kct* of female decoration -. sod, partly, 

\ma the barbarous Dalions of tbe east of 

iCdiii: Europe whom they conquered. The race weie doubtless 
" men wore very much the same duction, — flowers, leaves, berries, amber, 

as the Greeks and Etruscans, ivory, shells, minerals. Aflerwarda, as 
In Uie oiale aicire we have tbe Gbulai ikillin metallargy andotherartsincreaaed, 
Ht lDrqn«a derivol from the Celts, and these Buhstancca were imitated in some 
on^oyHl as a military decoratiou \ tlie more convenient material. Tbe types of 
■tskt. bracelet, and rings worn on the tbe original objects, thus becoming per- 
ttnfcrsi the crescent ornament for the fectly familiar to the race, would exert a 
■kw* wem by senators, the wreath, and, considerable influence on the character of 
' Um byiaotine times, the jewetled their ornamental design fi 



1 survey of the history of 
personal omameut among the races of 
antiquity, Mr. Birch uSercd a few remarks 
ou the causes which have influenced the 
general character of ornamental design, as 
distinct from art, on the one hand, and 
mere manufacture on the other. He ob- 
'd that the earliest ornament* of every 
uatuial prn- 



iGsden. Tbe mi 
■aeogthe Greeks. Towart 
Ibe empire, metala, inlaid 






Imary subitancci 
thus employed were replaced, in tbe |Jro- 
gress of wealth, commercial intercourse 

Cwere mnch used. Of the earlier and mecbonical skill, by more esteemed 
lomainents of tbe time of the Re- or abandnnt materiala. From tbe infln- 
poiitic, Htlle can be affirmed with certainty, ence of habit, the class of ornament proper 
la ihe .^oguitan age. deeorative art par- in one material was retained improperly in 
took of Ihe genenl influonce of tbe Greek another,— though sometimes with very 
design ; bnt in auch peraoual felicitous effect. Thua, the ornaments of 
OS were the product of the the eorliest Greek and other fictile vases 
■I, «e miss the gracefiil com- seem imitations of the basket-work of an 
tmth of imitation, and refine- earlier generation ; the glass necklace of 
of oytholi^ical allusion, which dis- tbe Cells was copied in the metalhc tor- 
liaph^ tbe work* of the former race. ques. Tliia proccssof irregularadaptation 
TUi ranark porticuUrly applies to tbe U iirobibly always going on in tloi ut ol 




d 



Antigvarian i 

■ faot. — like im^br fonnatiaiu and telf. 
adjaaUacDU of Iheii' Ungoagc. In that 
•itbKqtKdt perioil of Um Uttotj of a race 
irlwB ■rdulectnrc. iCDlpture. luJ paiatiiif; 
ue diatiDctlj and fiiUf developed, these 
uta ban eieroiied a great inllaeTice oier 
tho coDtcmporarr omsmentjil daign. hi 
the priDdpte* of detigo became more 
cle«rl)r undenluod. the lore of iiuititiga 
commoa (o luan led to the introduction of 
thi? forma of naCnre in onumental detign. 
Tbii wai Qot, as in the tint eSurti of tlie 
Hiage, the mere reproductJuD, in a oeir 
material, uf animal aod vegetable aob- 
■tancei, but [he artiitic repreBcDtatioo 
and adaptation of animal and vegetable 
life. The proceat aeemi to have been a« 
follooa : — in the foafaianing of an; object 
intended for uie, the dictate! of a Rommon 
neccuitf bave given birtb to much tbe 
Mme type in tbe pradnclioaa of races the 
lurlbeit apart ia date and aitDation ; bat, 
■fUr tlie fulfilment of the primar; want, 
tliere ariiea tbe deaire to adapt, in tbe 
■tnicture of tbe object, aaatogoui fonni 
from vegetable or auimal life, and ta in- 
Curporata the work of nature and of man 
Uito one ileaign. Tbe Greek race ajipeara 
to have poueated eilraordioary oatural 
capacity for cnrrying out tliit love of 
Initatlon. An intuitive tact led them to 
diacem in nature, and borrow in art, the 
fomi b*>l auited for the required design. 
A oem-f>Uing hiiw of beautf sbajied 
tbeM talavtiuni intu bannoniout compo- 
■ItluD, and their practical genius liept 
■Iwajii in view the preicribed material and 
tba preacribed form, the conditions lubject 
to ohlch work oaa to be eiecutcd. The 
prtnciplea of artlalic imitation having been 
acquired by the artisan in the achool of the 
great KOlplor or painter, bis general prin- 
cIplHofaompoii [ion would be further regu- 
laltdbytbCMmemMteri; that ii to u]r, if 
die compoaltloni of the great arttit of a 
pirlkuUr raca and period were coDtaincd 
within a certain range of lines, wilh more 
or !•■■ of flow, intricacr orsimplidtr, tbe 
■amo cbaracieriitica majp be diiCinctly re- 
ecgiiiud in the ornaments produced by 
the artiiBD of the lama race and period. 
In lomu i<aae>, we see the moulditigs and 
docorationa of architecture directly bor- 
rowed, as in tbe Meander and other pat- 
Isrni of the Gre«k robe. — Tbe vbaricter 
of omamantal ibvign would be further 
inlluenoed—I. % the doaire Ic imitate the 
■lotio faaliions and pttlenu introduced 
by oummeroe from other countriea. 2. By 
the •aaooiatluna of religion ; certain forms, 
bcMuae originally lymbolical, were adop. 
tcil In the lashion of articlea of houabold 
aiiil dally life, and rotained long after the 
meaning of ti\r. symbol had been forgotten. 
it bai beou lite great difficulty of the 



[July. 

arehsologist to diecern when the ajinbot 
was first employed oa such in ornament, 
and when it became purely coDventional. 
Mr. Birch then observed that many arti- 
clei worn as amnlcls were regarded with 
veaeradon, and emplo;eil for «u)tFrstilious 
purpose* OS well 01 for baser uses in ordi- 
nary life : — but the hiitory of such objects 
belonged rather to an eauyon therdigioDof 
a race, thou to on inquiry like the present. 
Mr. Hawkins. Mr. Sbaw, and other 
gentlemen took part in a discussion which 
AjUowed Mr. Birch's observatiuns. Among 
the remarkable objects on the table, may 
be nuliceit the very large Etruscan fibnU 
aniJ necklace of gold in the collection 
of Mr. Blayds. — and the ponderous gold 
armlets and litier fibulie from the Mnaenm 
of tbe Royal Irish Academy, in Dubtili, 
which were brought over eiprenly lor 
Ibis eibibition by tbe Rev. Dr. Todd. 



A Society to bear this designation ha* 
been formed st a pubhc meeting held at 
the County Hall, Brighloa,:Col. K. DaTie* 

Its objects embrace " whatever relates 
to the dvil or ecclesiailicai history, to- 
pogropliy. Biicient buildings, or works of 
«Tt, within the county, and for this pur- 
pose tbe flodety invite communications on 
aach subjects ; especially from those no- 
blemen and gentlemen who possess estates 
within the county, sud wbo may materially 
assist (he completion of the tounty His- 
tory, BOW *ery imperfect, by tbe loan of 
ancient documents relating to estates, 
manors, wilts, or pedigrees, and of any 
object generally connected with the 
ancient history of SoESei. 

" The society will collect maanscripts 
and hooka, drawings and prints, coins and 
seals, or copies thereof, rubbings of 
brasses, descriptive notices, and plans of 
churches, castles, mansions, or other 
buildings of antiquarian iulerest ; aoch 
collection to be preserved end made avail- 
able for the purposes of the sodely, by 
publicstiou or otherwise, in such manner 
as may be afterwards decided st a geoeral 
meeting of the members. 

" As many parts of Sussex are now for 
the firat time about to eujuy tbe sodal ad- 
vantages of easy communication by rail- 
way, the sodety wouid tie desirous of ap- 
plying these addilianal fociiitiea to the 
promotion of personal ncquaintaace among 
the members hitherto separated by dis- 
tance, and would therefore suggestanaual 
or Qccaaional meetings iu different parts of 
the county (tsldug (ho eastern anil western 
divisions alteniatdy). Tlie first meeting 
will be held at Peveusey Castle on the >tih 
of July, 18^e,•' 



•tlies 



79 



* 



Sir Sttstfbrd Cunaing, IQ whose pcr- 

iimI influcDce with the Porte wc ars in- 

dd>ted for Ihe i>i»>«uion of the mirbles 

tdtbe MBUsnleum of Haliomusui, hiu 

by the HDie iofluencc, obtained |ter- 

lOn lu HDil to Euglsud the ii|)Ii:ndid 

^Friei vliicfa ire qok being made b^ 

Aiuteo Laprd at Nimroad. and 



g and eitcDaiTe. The 



eight 



at lea limes larger than tbi 
donated bj the French. It contain* the 
Rinaina of a palace, a part nF which, like 
that at Khorubad, appeari to hare been 
Imnit- ThereiaaTast leriea of ubaniberi, 
■U boitt with marble, and coTered with 
Hntptnres and inscriptlooa. The inacrip- 
tioiu are in Ihe euneirorra character, of the 
dua onnllj' termed BabjrloDiBti. It ta 
ponUe that this edifice wat bailt at an 






•erthro 



of t 



■fiiao empire by the Med« and Ilabjlo. 
naana uoder Cfsiarea,— but wlielber under 
tka Brat ur second Aitfiian dynasts' iii 
doiditfiil. Many of the arulpturea dis- 
ooTcred bf Mr. Ln;ard are, etea in the 
taullot details, aa sharp and Fresh as 
though ther bad been chiselled yesterday. 
AmoDgtt tbem is a pair of winged lions 
with human beads, which are about lirelve 
fcet high. Thej form the eotrance to a 
Mmple. The i " ' ' 



■e Attrriana. 
rifciakind, li 



There are many monslen 
:ind, lions and boils. The other 
lalfaA consist nf Tarioon dirinitjes : same 
wWi eegtes' beadi, — otheri entirely hu- 
man, bat wjngedi^'witb battle-piecea and 
«cn>, ai at Khorsabid. 



On At SIA May, a workman, digging 
on ttie.line of the Leeds and Dewabnry 
Kailway, at Chnrwell, turned up nioe Bri- 
liali celts or aie-head9, along with four 
■Bull javelin-heads; they are made of a 
mixture of brsu and copper, and are eTi- 
deotlj rongb from the mould, the aeam of 
the caatinj ttill remaining. The aae- 
b^ds are about eight inches in length, 
■Jul neigh eighteen ounces each. 



Jfay M. A pan; of the taember> of 
tha f^mbridge Antiquarian Society ac- 
conpanieil the Professor of Botany (Hen- 
ilcni) snil Ua clais to Bottiiham, wbere 
pcnniMioa had been obtained to eiamine 
into fenral barrons. The first barrow 
lint »Bi (^>fMd was sitaale on the south 
d^e of Ailingloa Hill. Nothing of any 



value was here discovered, the barrow 
hJtring been opened by Mr. Leonard 
Jcnyus 15 years since. The second bar- 
row was aitnate in Swaffham Butbeck, 
near to Hare Park. Tlie land belongs to 
Downing college, and appears part oF the 
same line of hill on which Ihe firct lumalna 
it raited ; but, ithilst the latter is solitary, 
the present one is aurrounded by several 
others at no great distance. The land 
waa brought under cultiiation in 1S01, 
previous to which it waa part of a large 
cipante of primitive turf and heath, which 
covered this district inanrienttdmes. The 
whole was earth work — circomferenca 999 
feet : diameter somewhere between BO and 
90 feet. Here they were more aaccc!«fiiL 
At a depth of two feet, nrites one of the 
party, " the ground became dark, miied 
with charcoal, and one well -judged cut with 
the spade exhibited that which principally 

surrounded by the drrulsr portion of 
burnt earth and charcoal, inierted uid 
inclined. It appeared From the colouring 
of the circumference of the drcte, which 
was deep red, that a small bole had been 
dug in Che earth, and charcoal and bones 
bnmt in it, the vase pbu:ed on Ihe tire 
in an inverted position, and the whole 
covered up. The inietted position of the 
urn is not uncommon. At about 10 feet 
from this spot la the line of BincavatioD, 
and half a foot lower, some more charcoal 
and burnt earth were found. Immediately 
on the opposite side of the cutting, a 
third deposit nai optumed, with little 
charcoal and earth, but inclosing many 
frigments of bones ; these were placed in 
a layer of about two feet in circumferencB, 
and three inches in depth. Tlie whole 
had the appearance of having been moved 
after the bnming, and placed in a heap 
where it was found. Among the bonea 
were several pieces of Ihe scoll, a frag- 
ment of the alveolar process, inclosing 
a tooth (that of a young person), pieces of 
the femoral clavicle, with many others, all 
apparently calcined. The digging was 
conducted to Ihe depth of H or 6 feet, 
but nothing fartherwat found. A barrow 
south oF this was opened some time back, 
and an urn, with an instrument of metal, 
Hoaeihumed. These paased into the hands 
of Ihe Isle Master of Downing college. 
Two smaller barrows eiist in a Field aboat 
one hundred yards to the south-west of 
this tfmulns ; they do not appear t* have 
been distarbed, and might afford some- 
thing interesting. They are much lower 
than the larger one, perhaps not more 
than lj or (t feet in elevation. The nm 
cill probably be deposited in the Museom 
of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society. 




i 



HISTORICAL CHRONIC 



PIIOCEEDING8 IN PARLIAMENT. 



> Ulu, 



I. whiob 



pr»paiH 



itnbliih 



Ml lodapaadent tiibniul compaKd of com 
iiilMlanen, wliii (hnulil lure a ilgbl uf 
cdlliii <m all CbirUUm br m nconuDt at 
tliair rectljiU Mid dlibutHincaU. — Lord 
(Mtiakani Dp]iD*Ril tlio Itlll, iinil »n * 
illtliinn il wm rrircloit by > mujiirlty nr 

Jlfny .!Ii. llii Karl of H'pan mnKml 

Ibp ■rvclll<lrSII<hn|{i>ril>e(.'cjHN tui-IIBT*- 

TirjN Iini, <*bi-n Ibu lliiktf i<r Rirhmind 
iDcivi'il lli»l ll ibiiuld \i» n»A a •roond 
llinu on tbut lUf t\\ mtinlbi. Tim dnbali) 
WH nnntinuwl un lb* !G(b and VHtb, uid 
un tha Utter alttintt " ■"'rfiinn toak pUra 
Bl 4 o'obKk In tlie morning, wheD Ihe 
iinrolieri wpre— For the aemnd rtedin|: — 
prawnt, VMi prollei, T.t 1 211. hgiAiM 
Ihsaenonil roadliig — preacut. Mb ; pruilea. 
■.»i l(i4. M^nrltj In (arour or Ihe 



J4inr Hi. In umnmilHie un Ibe Col 
Itill, Ihe Earl ot Wir^kUni moted m 
amendmenE on Ihe tint rUu>e, ID the 
effect that, at Ibe eipiriliiin n( Ibrec jreais, 
[be dntjr on wheat ira|iortr<l. not tb« 
produce of our oolonfMi abnutd lie r>a. in- 



d of l 



HO. 



g of tbo Dill 



Juki 4. Ill 



4J. 



I DiiTi» Dill 
«■) t«ad a M>n>nd time *lih a di*iiiao. 

Jimt Ti. 1'ha Iloua* weot Into oom- 
mltlee on LoHD Oouoli'a Ann l.oaD 
HAaDiNun'.ANNVirvUllU. LonUVonf- 
»agl* Muitiaatntoil aftaliut the jMmalan 
beini kept In ab«»na<i ao loni aa the 
|i«nuon* from tlio Eaat India ('ompanj 
nbaUted.— The Earl orjti>»iiiaidlbat the 
GoietniDent meratjr acted aeeordlng to pro- 
MdeDt, and not bjr mutiTea of eronouy. — 
Tha Duke otltielKiumd morcd the onilaaion 
of Ihe olauie, mblrb on a dltliriiin waa 
mttM bt a m^htv of IS. 

Jw»» 11. 1%a Katt of R^« BOoei) 
Un order of the day Un guing into o>m- 

MhtMOntheCuHM UlMHTATIUKBiU.— 

Bui SUtJivp* movrd thai the BUI be 
eMDmltlwl on that da^ aixmonlbi. After 
l«D nisbti' dcbalFi tbii amendDUBl «u 
•rilhdraan. 

Jutti M. In committee on tbo Cobn 
Bill, the Duke of BmeU»fUm mored 
the uoiiMluB frou tbt Hrat clauae of the 
data •111 Miroary, lH4y," ■hea tte 
I*, italy U t« cama IMO operatioai, th* 
•fr«4 o( «bich wmU be ti> coalinaa Iho 
operalwa of tka dKlioc aoJa profoavd b; 
Ike WU b«j«*d Ikf ibra ym* at preaeM 
toted. Altat ■ hrief dabate. tb* 
4hI. libaa the mtmberi ««* — 
•<4nfM, ItU 1 a$uni( u. MH, 



■lioiild he infcrted to enable 
In ail mnntha aft«r the pauin 
tri aurrenilrr bii li-aac, and raeeile the 
rnluo nf Ilia iinr.xbniiiltid ini]irnvnnenta. 
Thia waa ncgHlitcil without a dlviaion. 
Junt-ifi, 1'liB CoBH Hill paeaei 
third reading without > diiiaiDa. 

HOUBI or COHMOHB. 

3fayl9. The Ctinoua Dutim 
wa* read a third lime and paased. 

May SB. Mr. Skaio moted that ■■ H 
8. O HaiiN, oiq, be diaebargecl out < 
miatody. paying hli feci." Tbii wi 
afrwd toi the hon. member baving bee 
fnar week* In Ihe nharge of Uie SerjeMt* 
at Arma, — 

May 20. The Okmcellar tftht 
eAefurr brought fiirward tbe a 
Ananclal atatement, or Budget, 
cbief {Hint* ol wbiob were to the bllow- 
Ing purport : — Laat year an income of 
£4!l,TliU.OO0 bad been Bntici|>atcd, but the 
amount rcaltieilwu over jC-5S,2»0,0UO, iu- 
drpcBdeiit ofthemoneyfroni(.'hina,B*tning 
I>rouf of the bene&cial )iolii.7 ot reducing 

SratecUie duUea. Tbe caliraaied incon* 
ir the enining year would be, in round 
number*. jrsl.liSO.OOO, while the eipeo- 
ililure WDuld be only i.'49,tOO,0(KI. levTing 
a ^piMbleaurphu uf nearly kt^OdMOO, 
~» nrplua nrarly e<in>l to thai of lael 
fear, nolwitbiandiiig all the Tedaclkuu in 
both Cuatomi and Exctae wbkh bad bceo 
cairiol ouL net« were, boiteTer. crr- 
Uln adiUti«u to the etlablufaButa of 
the couoli?. mora putleulaHy in tbe D«iral 
denaMawBl aad the armUDeat of our 
■hi|)fri^, wUcfe waold ^ipiuyaiaa ■ cao- 
ald ti able pottioa of tUa iiiiili. Tht 
reacK i>o«M be, VM than «mU bt ■ 
mntw of MilT £r.«J>». of «ych 
tTWtjOOf. waa d*>i««l 



1H6/] 



foreign JVnic 



b 



I 



■■■ true (bat in the sl^pe of properly tu, 
fte. burdcni bad iieen imposed to the ei> 
teal of £a;600,000, but, on tlic other 
lunil, Ciutama aad Excise duliei bud 
bera nsdaced to Cbe eitenC (tf over 
£».300,im, which left a bilance of re- 
duiwd tuatioD to the amouLt of over 
j:2.bOO.Q00. 

Jant e. On the motioD for tlie lecond 
TMdin( of the Pa 



Ibi 



Bill. : 



r W. & 



IDVed 



. the Bill be i 
■Dcond time Out daj lix moKlbi. In tbe 
coone of the debate Lord O. Benlinri 
aaQoai>ced the iDteotioD of bis party to 
vppose the Bill, and thereby, if poasible, 
to ^t Sir Bobeit Peel'a Ministry. The 
delMta n* iiljoanied to Pridaj, June 12, 
and agiia to (be following week. Tbe 
divuiOD took |<t>cc after the debate of the 
S&tik Jane, when there were iu favour of 
tbe aiBenJmen'292. againKiiaiH: ma- 
jorilv agaiml MinMer* 73. 

^n* 10. Mr. Uamt broucht forward 
hu mulioii on tbe DaHisb Claihb, in 



81 

favour of which he obtained B majorily 
on the 3nth April lait (see our lati Dum- 
ber, p. 633).— The Chmcillor oftht Br- 
eJitqurr nioved, u an ameadmeal, that tbe 
House iliDuld go into committee on tbat 
day six raODlbs, and conCeoded that, not- 
witbstaQding tbe several voles of the 
House of Conunoiu in favour of Ituse 
clainu, tbe Govemmeat felt bound, in 
jutlice to the lai.payers of the caaotry, 
nnd in consBi|UeDOe of (he opinions of the 
liiw officErB of the Crown, to resist their 
satisfaction. The HoD«e ditided, and 
tlie numbers were, for (he amendment, 
Sa ; against it, SB. 

JuHt II. Lord Lincoln moved for 
lenve to bring in three Bills — one to prO' 

respcoc to (he power of ejec(ment and 
distreis iu Ireland; and a third to pro- 
vide fur a short form of lease of Undi tnd 
Irelsnd. Leave given. 



FOREIGN NEWS, 



On the 25th Mnj, Prince Lonis Na. 
poteon Baouapirte aucceeded in eAedins 
Ui eacape from tbe fortress of Ham, afler 
a cLmb imprisonment of iome year*. Hav- 
ing assamed tbe disguise of a workman, 
be coDtHved lo elude the vigilance of (he 
aealriei i and to r^ainhii freedom withonl: 
any molrsdtion from tbe battalion of in- 
b&tiy that formed the garrison of the 
castle. The neil day he arrived safely in 
London. For same time past Priuce 
Iiuats hat earnestly desired onue more to 
a« hii aged father, now at Florence, and 
for (his purpose he memorialised the King 
ot tbe French in January last for his (em- 
poFary tiberatioa on parole, which was re- 
Pierre Lrcomte, for tba attempt on the 
lifb of Laui) Philippe, on the liitb of 
April last, was sentenced (o death by Ibe 
Conrt of PeeiB, and goillotinBd on the Btb 



foontry o 



^^B The iuinrrectiaa i: 
^^^kdriTcD into exile tbe 

^^Kbal and hi* brotber ■, and the Duke of 
^^HpPalmilU hia become premier. The new 
^^H minlatrr was thus composed oa the 26ch 
^H .May : - tW Duke de Palmella, Preiident 
^^■,Of the Council J tlie Marqnis deSaldanba, 
^H^ HialWa' for Foreign ASairt ; Count da 
^^m Larralio, Home Department ; Abuqucr' 
^H Gmt. SIag. Vol. XXVI. 



que, Finance ; Colonel Loareiro, Marine i 
and de Soura, Justice. Tbe Queen had 
revoked (he oppressive sanatory and tribu- 
tary laws, dissolved the Chambers, and 
convoked the new Cortes for the lat of 
September. The new Government, bow. 
ever, poasesied little lutbority beyond the 
walls of Lisbon. 

The laat aoconnls firoin New Zealnnd 
announco (be complete success of our ope- 
rations against the rebel chiefs. Tbe skiU 
and discipline of a civilised force bsve pro- 
duced (bi^ir natunl effect upon tbe tumuU 
tnouB gathering of a crowd of savages. 
Ueki, tbe principal and hitherto the most 
resolute of the insurgents, boa been com- 
pelled to surrender up his landi, ammuni- 
tion, arms, and all hit power, as (be price 
of perooual safety I be promises to retire 
into a rainote part of the country, and 
never again to molest the British settler. 
Kowid also, the other leader of [be rebels, 
after loiing, through hit own negligence, 
tbe " pnh," or fortified village, in which 
he bad intrenched himself with con- 
siderable skill, it reported to bate been 
taken pntoner. Thus the war, if by locb 
a name these protracted but inaetite hos- 
tilities may be digniiied, it at length cou- 
cliidcd. and peace reetored. 



UoBtiliti. 



1 the 26ll> of 



] 




Domtttie Ocatrreitctt. 



■n&totbe ^H 



1 the Taju frooticn. beCvcen <nn poaled to iatarnpt hu Burdi 

Jem *Dd UiuKd State* rorotm. ounp. Tht Meikan* were tguu defeated 

Id tUi tint ittack the Americam mf- with great km, the Americao acconnta 

fervd tbe Ian of thiiteca killed, ui aa^ ^W> men, >hitit thr; report ilietrDwa 

noBiided. and 460 taken priaonns. In Ioh at oolf 120 killed ud oiiDDded. Tbe 

cooar^ntiice of diia lenlt, great eidte- licSon are uid to hare tikea S piece* of 

ipeaE preiaited througboat tbe SiBtca; artiOerj, 155,000 rtnmda of cartndp. and 

and, in New Orleiiui, Mobile, and otbo- aboat 500 packed malei. Tbe Mexican 

cid» near tbe aeal of war, grtal effoitt Genetsl De la Vega wag alio taken 

were made to cDlixI men to proceed to tbe priioner. 
relief af General Taylor. At Wiahingtan 

alio • Bill puted bitb Honaea of Con. ictLtso. 

greai, appropriating 10,000,000 doUan An eraptioD of MooDt Hecla ceued Oa 

for carTTing on tbe war, aod aniboriiing tbe 5th April, which brgan Sept. S, IMS, 

Ibe enrolmeat of militia to Ibe number of and had lasted, withoat interniplian, 

50,000 men, togcthEr with an angmeata- leTeii tnoudii and three daji. There 



n of the regnUr foicea bj 7000 men. 
On tbe Bib and 9th M«j decided racceaiea 
were obtained by the Americana. 
7th General Taylor left Point lubel with 
200(1 meD, 300 waggona, and 13 pLecet of 
artillery, to relieve Major Brown, 



I eiample of inch a prolonged phei 
non in the annals of Iceland. Very lin- 
golar conieijiiencel hale eoionL The 
winds baTe carried the volcanic ashea all 
;r the ialand, and tbe cattle are perish- 
ing, poiaoned by tbe herbage which the; 
tiaa Deen left in commana oi nu camp taint and cover. The flames from each 
oppoiite Matemons, (and who died there of tbe three craten were dirown up to a 
OB the 10th of a woond.) and the next height of 2,400 fathoms, and th«r width 
day, when aboot ten milea from (hu Point, exceeded tlial of the greatest river in the 
encoantered the Meiicani, and an action iiland. Tbe lavs lay moonCuDS hi^ ; 
enined which coutinned from three o'clock and muwt of pumice-ttone weighing half 
in tbe afternoon until dark, when boih a ton have been carried a distance of a 
partieti reiCed on their poaitions, neither league and a half. Tbe ice and enow of 
having given way. During the night the ceutariei melted in the heat, and over- 
MeiicnnB retreated, leaving about 200 flowed the rivere ; and the Rangea, swelled 
men killed and wounded on the Geld; Ibe also by tbe burning lava, left its fina; 
loss on the part of the Americans being teoanta on its sborea dead and cooked. 
stated at only 77 killed aad wounded. Each night tbe sky was brilliant with tba 
On the fallowing day General Taylor ad- northern lights. 
vanced andcnme up wiib the enemy, who 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



I 



laying the lirst staoe of the north wing of 
f/RJBrrnfy Calltge Honpilal, Gower-street. 
Tbe main body of the bnilding was erected 
in 1883 and 1834 ; tbe south wing was 






meani will also be obtained of improving 
the arrangemenla for the discharge of the 
duties of the resident olBcerE. The num- 
ber of sick relieved amounls every year to 
between 17.000 and 1^,000, of whom 
about 1,-IOU are in-paCieots, and 400 are 
women in child-birth, attended at their 
own habitations. The site of tbe edifice 
was given by the council of tlie college. 
Since the founditiou of the hospital 
67,0001. bas been eipended in erecting 
and furnishing the building, and in ra. 
lieving the suffering poor, of which lum 
36.000/, has been contributed from tbe fee* 
paid by pupils for attending on the mm j ii^ l 
and surgical practice of tbe bospitaL 
psEients will De mcreasea lo tne exieta oi June 1. The centenary festival in ud 
60 additional bed* : and facilitiea will be of tbe Lock Hospital, Asylum, and Chapel 
afforded not only for (he ailuiisaion of took place at the London Tavern. From 
nhttctrie oa*e*, of patients lufleriog from a statement made by the committee. It 



menced will complete tbe building, and 
afford accommodation for fiFt; additional 
bed*. Lord Brougham, the President of 
the Council of the College, who bad under- 
taken to perform the ceremony, was re- 
ceived by tbe Bisbopuf Norwich, the Mar- 
(tuess of Morlhamplun, and a numerous 
body of tbe Council. The etpeose of 
completing the hoepital is estimated at 
4,000f. Tbepresentcontribationsamonnt 
to 3,000/. By the proposed cnlargemeat 
of the building, the power of recdving in- 




1846.] 



Provincial Intelligence. 



mn tl»t during the lut ceotar; the 
Hoipiti] bM receiietl within its walk op. 
mnli of 36.000 patients. The Asylum 
vumoCitated io 178', for the reception 
of peaitent femdei after tbetr disuborge 
Inim the hospital. The Cbapd was opened 
ia I7C4. uaee which period it haiootonl; 
■ffbrdo] religious inttrnction adapted to 
the peiculiarwantiDr the paticnU, bat bus 
■In prodnceil a net aonuiil i a come of 
■uwl; SMI. to the ioiititutian. Wilhia 
the laat G*e yean tbe committee have ei- 
perlcnDed difficnlties iaconieciaeacear tbe 
€Xpir«tioD of the lenae of the groond upoa 
wtikh tbe hoipilal rormerly itood. Adu- 
tlur lite has been patcbued. and a new 
bo*pital erected at an expense of 13.35^1. 
The chapel and a aeparate baildingfor ' 



It tben 



s into < 






'ZZl 



The CI 






Ibe chapel has 
$.600/. : and a fnrthet mm of 2,000/. is 
nqnired to complete the interior of tbe 
bnildiBg ; and tu complete tbe asylum, 

cMulitioii. a stilJ further sum of l.OOOf. is 

On the 5tb Jiat Ibrabita Pasba, the 
Egrptian prince, (hairiiig previously visited 
Paii*.) landed io England at Portimuuth. 
Having iospeded all the wonders of that 
(Tfeat naval arsenal, he proceeded to Lon- 
■Ion on the 8th, and [be neit day was 
btioduced to H.R.H. Prince Albert. He 
•nitsequeiitly visited daf after day moiit of 
the liooJ of the metrapolis ; and on Satur- 
day Jane 13, was seen by many thoogaads 
at the eihihitioa of the HorticulCuril 
Society in their gardens at Chiewick. On 
the same afternoon he went to Birming- 
ham to viait the manufacl 
proceeded to Lin^rpool, a 
linen factories at Bethsl. 

A new and ipaciout saloon baa been 
lately built on the ground Sooc at the 
KstI fitdia Houtt, for the purpose of con- 
biniDg the variona objects of curioiitj and 
■oliqirity now crowded into the inconve- 
aient mite of rooms np->tairs. Many of 
the larger aad heavier articles, ioctuding 
Itif geological and architectural objecU, 
asd the large palanquin of the usurper of 
Bliarlpnre, have been alreidy Iranaferrtd 
IO tlie aew aaloon, and will be foUowed by 



cutting through the Langstone 
after passing Dawlish, runs close along 
the sea-beach, where in the most assulable 
part an immense buttres* has been built to 
protect the tine from irmplions of the 
sea. Haying passed through several tun- 

The chancel of Jarrow Church baa been 
restored in a manner worthy of a place ao 
intimately asiocialrd with the name of 
Bede. Tbe two magniliceatly carved oak 
stalls have been curefiilty repaired, and 
hive been placed one on either aide of the 
chance!, the respective scati of the lay 
rectors, while the remainder ot the space 
has been fitted with stalls similar to those 
of St. Peter'a in Newcastle. A verf 
valuable Cnicifiiion, by Vandyck. from 
the chapel of Hylton Castle, occnpiea a 
position above the altar, and upon the 
latter rests a very elaborate piece of carv- 
ing in rak- 

JuHtW. Tbe Eastern Union Railway, 
which extendi from Colchester to Ipgwich, 
was opened by the directors and their 






iccasions. The lerminus i 

ttauds in a besulirnl spot, c! 

:owu, aurroonded by rural scenery, and 

:oraminding a view of the river Orwell 

md adjacent country. 



inglo 



', for the entarge- 
. ire rapidly advanc- 
mpletiua. Of the partition 

of 



harbour frai 



the spacious addition to it in 
formation, there now only remains 
skeleton. "The enlargement to o 
hour." says the Dover Chnnicl*. 
now most certainly be completed ii 
two monlba. This work once completed, 
the improvement of tbe entrance, it is nn 
derstood, will be commi'nced." 



Ibesi 

Htea 



I, he. are GtUd np. 



isihf 






May 30. The Sooth Devon ilailway, 
rhich was originally intended to have been 
roiked upon die lUnospheric principle. 
ras opened as a locomotive line. Starting 
mm Eieter. it follows the cauise of the 
tbe sea, giving lame magnificent 



Bie 



vot d 



i Eamouth, Puwderhi 



will 



Every stone o( tbe chapel for the Bath 
Union Warkhonse has been laid by one 
man. John PlasB, a mason, aged 78, who 
waa reiiiling in the baii'e. Tbe dimen- 
sions of the chapel are 67 feet in length 
by 3b in width, and it is capable of accom- 
modating 455 persons in the body. At the 
west end is a gallery, which affords room 
for 256 children. In the west porch a 
itone is thus inscribed -. — " To record tbe 
services of John Plan, inmate of the 
workhooie. who. at the age of 7B> working 
with murh seal and industry, laid all the 
atones of ihii bnilding." 



. Kul n«<RI Mililla. Itw Hnn 



.. ._ _.. J.-OolDMl. 

UavtJ- The iton. Cbtrlo AucnstDiHur 
n-o/Lngiitiiii 



.vaUi 



I AucnstDi H 
„ n oT NupkB), 
Bl and GdiiwI <.;»«» I 
,<n(n>nnlPiidAtu< 
II be SccRlarr at Li; 



PROMOTIONS, PREFERMENTS, &c. 

CnhinFU J. Seolt, 9(b Ucht Drai 

pfBOf HihCT, nd ftoot ; and A, 5.71 . 

KEb FnoL— TobeUfvC. CDkmdJiitbeAnBT. 
MaiirJ B. SmfUi, ISUi Uj^lDruoeDi.— To 
br Ual'>n la ihf Army, Cipuiot T. H. Pw- 
snn. intb Liflil Dninnn*: B. B. Ktrr, ICIh 
LliTliI Draianni; L. Frlo'.lSIb LiEli( Onmw-n*\ 
W. »Ulhiai, d»l Foot) D t. U«i^arth. aixl 
Pnnt; G, r. Ijiiii, Mlb Fool; W. P. Wouicii, 
lOIh Llchl nra:,»n!; and H H.im.sM i*not. 
—To br Aitln-iT''-(.'iiiiip Id Ibr QuHii. Vllh Ih* 
nnk ur CiHniKl In lbs But India, U«l.- 
CWvatli L. B. SUcr, Ud ll«Dnl N. InT. : G. 
B.a#inn. Beonl Ari.i ud P. Mflnicinntrlri 
M«drw Art —To wi LHDl.-0>lai)ebi In lb* 
Armr tn the Bast lodiH. M^lon. W. J.ThiNnp- 
aon, Itlh He<w*i N. Inf.: H. M. LvmnM, 
Benni Alt.! F. Abboil, bengal Km.) J. t. 
tlrad(0nl.l9lII(iv>lU|[btCaT.i aK.>tl]I|r, 
Bra^l Bur. i 6. 9. UnraiMD, Bnital AR. ; 
J.Aninln.MBranlLhn>tCn.i C. MknhMI, 
HU) Itoncal N, lof. t and A. Jack. 1Mb Bcmnl 
N. Inf.-1o be MMon lu the Araf la tbt Ua 
Indlta, Ciplalni F. MackHon, tttb Bunl K. 
lor.i J.TiinDa, BmnlArt.; F. B. Bdlkair. 
BtBrilArt.) H.H[(l,TnhBcacalK.lBt)C. 
CoritM.nA Bninl N. Inf.-, C.TroSb «8lh 
Bronl N- Inf.; T. F. neinjnit, MtkBrMl 
rt. Inf. : A. L. Campbril. in Bnml UitblCkT. ; 
M. S. t oftif , MHb BrnnI K. InT. ; W. K. DUwv 
Btnial Em.i R. Wilier, Btf^pd Art.i J. Ilgi^ 
dTcf. Uennl Alt. I J. Umon, Ud Dcunl N, 
Inf.i C. O'Brien. 3d £(nu1 N. InTi W. 
Hoffna. AM Hmnl N. Inf; W. S. mtui, 
ilennlAn.; n.T.Tncktr.siii IKmnl N. Urf.; 
A. 0. Hard, flSih Beual li. Inf. ; E. diriatle. 
Ufnril Art.; T. L. HaninrlOD, tib Bennl 
Cur.: D. SfUan, l«t Benfd Rv. Rntt.— To 
baie the \aiM rank of Malar in Ibr Ami; lu iht 
East Inilln, Major U. Fonlfr, tumnuudini 
ibc Sbckamtm uriindt. 



Alhirl. 
Auud. Sir L*..*.. ..,..- ^..,^,....-. 
« In BiU ciMRtry tht 

«lld and da PalDHn, 

thi Qiiwa or Porms*! bu <»*') phHUcd 



ri Gnldviuld. Bin. 
CiMRtry tht tills of 
S« (iDlduuld and da PalDHn, ■bicb 



tlw PprtastiMe union, and alio 
XI mr imalB addillolial amorlal bearlaia 
paal*d la hin br Iba roral deem of Her 
M*(Mlf the QoMn irf nntucal.— Tho Queen 
haa b*«i p)«*iied to Irani onto Geoiw Vere 
Lueu, of Madboure, co. Leic. and oT Slock- 
IMt, In RiiKbKiltC, In Ibe pariah olCanlliH), 
rB. Line. (Ki. (in cmnBllince oitb ibr will of 
Matt BrallbwalW, irf Slock.park. deceaaed). to 
likt th* aumiiti* of Umtliitilie u<il)r, and 



. G«or» Uiwr, etii. ( 
-'■-"- — '"-nemnn _. 
h Vice-Cur 



'Cona' 



Genent k Triinli ; Tboa. 

iliab Vicc-Ouniiil at Ben- 
i1 at Patru.— 6th Dnwooii 
(111 tff •" "-'■■■ "•■■ -^ 

kTichrmr 



ritrai) U be Coui 

WOUd. «q. (BDIT 

Milllo be Cnn.u, .. , , 

Capi. W. Arkwrltlil to lie Majur.-DHb Ftoui, 
(-Jipt. L. U, Uordaii to he Uajur.-Wb Foot, 
('apt. H. H. Klictarmr to be Major.— MKh 
Foul. Malnr R. Ilnnd. from S3rd Pool, to be 
MiOor, •■•'•< brevet Lleal.-Col. H, llavelock, 

'jKlom. itiynl Artlllarr. MaIot-Omi. Fred. 
tVallif r III be I'Diiinrl^nmaadaiil, . 

Juxn 11. Kepi^l Robin ISdwani nwl*. tu|- 
(Iti Ilie ninm at Cbirle* milnfal, ein. de> 
I'Fiani). Ill lie Arbltntor on ibe part oi Her 
Maji'iil)' In llie Uiiad Briliih and PortiwneH 
CoiuDiluion, niibllahed pi Una Viita, In il« 
(lapa Viinls ■■imda, nnder the irMly of the 
3d of Jul^ IHl, betwMB Sreit RriUui ai ' 



To tr C«B(it(M.-W. .Nelill, Sir t. W. NtChOl- 
will. Ban, A J. HimuDd, Hon. J. ft. 
Till, Sir 0. G. I itwajr, Bart. 



I'oriuMi, rar ihi auppreaaloD of Ibe alare 
Irailr.— 'ni'iinla Croxle* WealM, na. (In Ihe 
nioin if niarln ItrooVt Bfdwell, ew^ de- 


A 


Ecclesiastical Pbkfbbhki)t>. " 


cnue-l), li> I* RtfUtrar to llic aeveral couru 


Re., r. Lear, to be Dean of ftili.burF. 




Bev. W. K. Honj, to bt Artbdeacqn of Sill>> 


l^n*. iinrtef trritle. with ftirelirn powem.ior 


«S,.«iK»i.W«Ti»1£"- 


O'lliici. i'"<i til be ("olonlal Secrefiir (or 




Be». P. Bagoi, Rodney Sioke B Sore. 




Re*. J. B^fnanl, YUlon V. SomerML 


i'*i'l':n' '■ .''■'' .■■''■,'\','|- 


25:«KrSiK-— 



minnn, appalnlfit iDapeCIiot Field UiA 

llrrrd.— 'I'oloAldn-ilr-rnnipIo theQiici 



orPiacham A. Uichaet, Korftilk. 
Ret- K. N- Bruldon, 3anilirlcb V. Kent 
RCT. C. Bradford. Oreatbam fL. Hanta. 
Rer. J. Urolhmi. B— - " —'' 

Monks' Horcon, KeL.. 
Rev. S. Bronn. Boat isbeCtonl R. Berki. 
Re.. W. A. Furtland, I»lip K. Oif. 
Ber. J. V. Bull, Cammelia P.C. Uomwill. 




Kn. R. CMIiDHB, Snnlh Wnri'ii R. (>x' 
Kn. It Copr, 31. Jade KC. Birmlnitlut 
Kav. T. C.Cowu, Si. Ttimau'B. Toiti 

P.C Lltrrpoat. At Uscinl, lb> Hon 

K»*.0. JCrewwrtl. H»BwonhR.W" " ■ 

KcT. O nrta, Fliknlon K. Unc ner-i oiu.— 

T. r, IMtMOD.UigbaW, CbriMCtmrebP-C. Uoon.iion. 



Luly AlfmJ Hrrtey, > «a.— ^In Clurlei^l.' 
Brritirj-tq ibc CMintm of Cnvea, adaii,— 

At 6rc]rwell-hl]l, Ladv DarcbuUr. ■ dia. 

IS. Ai ltniilan,lbrCoDDt*M<rfKnTi, nan. 



H*nt«, 



tin. T. e. Fart. 
UiT. J. Founllin 

Kn. H. It llnl.l, 
Rn. K. H.(ir-i 



ninindiR. Norfolk. 

'Atai-orV. Drrbyihir*. 

, Upper Thong P.C. Vorkab. 



At WfltoD-crtu. Itte rDonto* of Soni. 
11. ArFritiradn.LBdvHirricI 
-4 1 tb> VlcMMe, MrrlwiQuh, 

..- k A. 3. Man&^l.a du.— -41. 

AI Itw Lord Cblrf Saroa'*. tn ODlldlbrd^l. 

Udy Pollock, adiD. •ntwUeofJ. R.SbBw, 

«q. of Amiw*-lialL Cbmhlre, * too and b«lr. 
~ *~" V^ °^ Major RlchardwD, 81. 



ad'a P.C. Slafttrd. 
y V. LlDColnsh. 
ID R. .Norfolk. 



IIW.T.3 IJn::U«, ItJee 

Bn'. 1. liu)h>->. I.Uiiynivndwy V. Carnartoa. 

Hn. R. 11 lli^rlF. tlUisduq R. Qlouc. 

Hr<. J. Jicfc*«i. St. JiDiM-B R. Wmliiiiiuler. 

IC*i. T. Jiui'M. LlUindon R. IMnH. 

Km. a- a. Kcmiw, MetHam R. Uucka. 

Hn. J. C Knoll. Laillikirli P.C. Yurk.Utre. 

lUv- H. T. Uv. lltlhougliwn wiih lUlnliam 

■ll.H.nmV. N.,rfulk, 
Bn. N. F, IJjiliifuui, CadhnrjV. Deroo. 
Rh. 41. H. UirUill. Siokc Fuct P.C. Norfolk. 
Re*. II. J. U>r 



I R*T. S. Palk. Bridlont R. Deton. 

I Iter. tLCPriei.CopleV. Beilfnrilah. 

r ivT.H.RMHtotph.slciHnent'il'.C.Caiiib. 

War. C i. atta*. Ciickiit St. Tluiitia* R. Bdoi. 

■hv B. a. SauDc, SgHnHtaTY with Tremain 
rX-COmwan. 

-— — --■ -"e, Wappenbory V "^ — 



LoialM, ■ Mm and lifit. At 10, Chfafer-aq. 

Uie irlfc uf Chailfa W. Graham, eaq. ■ dan. 

At Ihe maiMir-hoaw, Taviatoek, Ibewtfc 

of Jobn Deoun. no. a un. 90. At Flo. 

rence, the lad) of Sir Wiwdbina Parwh, 

a aan. Tli< wire of Gordoa OyU. nq. ar 

Lofrpr Styimur-at. a daa.— .-At 1, Hanorer- 

tcrraei, Mra. LoafD" " "" '" ' 

B, RMeiit'l-p 

(e of John W. C ftoiccr, taq. a aon aud 

. At suple FituaiBc. (be nfo of Iha 

. f. B. Porlinan, a dau. 11. Ai Wiibcn- 

1, Oieabite, the wife orTboaias'n'.Tal ton, 









GiHVrDor-ot. Lady Harv Bood, 

bcClartndoD Koiri.thrCbonlaaa 
AI CheLlenbani, tbe wtfe 



rDR.B«U. 

a, Coairlelt 



of T. P. Wllliaoii, oq. MP. a 
viftorJobn Homby.eaq. M.P.b~,.. 
Jumii. At IM.^]DCesI«--place, Pnrtmati' 

•q. tbe wifg of iosppb Bonaor, nq. a dan 

1. At Thorpe, near Norwich, iMdj HmrlMta 

HarvCT, a dan. 1. AI Leiotwaraine, Here- 

fonlah. the wlfo of UeaL-Col. J. Colrln, C.B, 

Me or the Heniil Kngi. a daa. At tbe 

RKtory, llehea Stoka, the Hon. Mn. R. C. 

TrTSnch, a dau. At Colloniptan, tf " ' 

Alben Oribblp, eaq. a aon and heir.- 
IbeSchool.bDuae, Shirawabo 

Re*. Dr. Kennedy, a aoD, m juissu-ihkt, 

Ibe -Witt of Neville Abdy, eaq. a daa. T- In 

Groavenor-it tb* ViteoDntesa Holaieadale, a 

•oo, 0. AIHarfolk-iireet.ftrk-laDe.Kn. 

Cbarln Parnell. a aan. InSt.John'a-vaod, 

^ the irifo of B. W. Monltrle, of tbe Middle 

Teinple,e*q.»«oo. 10. At Woolwicb, the 

wi/eofCapUin Letbbridee. Royal Art. a son. 
■ ■ "ork-aL Portnun-M). the wilt of Jobn 



nboiy, the wife of the 




luMC Iflv'll, wi of Writ HiiMon Coitajte.— 
Al UiaftHiI, Uonmauimh. W. T. Priw. oq. 
H.D. In hua-EUat, Kcood dAn, of tb« ftct. 
Onneir.Gibb,R(ciorariimwniunh. — 
At mirllKHii_iaba Edward C Kv*. tta. of 
QUeulu, to Rllm-Sknb, aolr dau- of Wllilun 

V$\ma. nq. of Briibin Bill. At St. Olln. 

without, Crlppl*ple> Buiind eSlitr aarrill, 
nti. of Rti MiJtMy'i IMet orOrdnuica In 
11k Tuwcr nf Umdaii, and of Llnn>lo'k4Ba, to 
Marr-Ann Balnbrldm aldcat dan of WlllEam 

Fmirlck, ow. of StantopB, DarliuD. Al 

Hjcultab, BUu, dau. of tlw Ut* Mypr Uoon, 
if. H. tth OiMDonx, 10 UcM. P. Wrif bt 

ig. AlCt«l*BMill,PanO>onaldJf'/iifrv, 
«H, to Sanb-Hot>lua, only dan. of tbt utc 
Uaior Jamc* Todd, ftinwrrr of Ihr Unl B«ir 

W. Al Womiur, Scott Naiinftb WD<t>«, 
bA. laic •cholar of Trinity Coll. to KaHDa- 
Lmlaii yoQutd ilau. of B. Walih, ui|. uf 
Lower Wick H01IH. 

II. At talrlxboorM, B. AlUtMn. »q. of 
Corlicrli.rn.lJiod«li.l<>A.iii.-M«ii.,y<.ui,i,c.l 



„ge,. • CJ"ty. 

SiutiK«t Jui. of QfOrfe Pctlnnir, nn- of 
■nor UoUH, ruimod«Mon. Norfnlk. 
n. At Hcarboroiutn, Utort Btdtt*. 0*4. 
GiMon Lodn. near Lecdi, to Uarnnt-Aanei 
rldnt dau. of ffllliun Hirlud, w). H.D. 

AlLinbrtti,WilUaiii-Banlwlo(a<«,eldHi 

MO uf the late Ee«. FnocU Ropb'i Utnor 
Canon of 81. 0«acfe'> CluuiiL WlodiHr. M 
mcanor-KIbB, dao. of tiM '^_°''° '^''^ '^ 




(iMiv* Ha) Sfliytb ]''!/< •, ' 
Nal'lnf, MCOnd (on of Mn- ' 
UuhII* r»n, 10 KlKii, '■ ■ ■ 
lUahini, taq. or Miclloo llin 
At Hnilncilon, tb* Rrv. l;ii-i,.. 
M.A. only MR of lb» luf- "-' - 



II.A. oiilVMnt 
itagU AriBD, 



■ MnJ..r 
^r-flillll 



tHW Mirti. At LniT'irdla , 

Uw K*>. J. Ullb JlMtru. U- 
Ulcddcn, OtlMi, J'—- "' '- 
BcAi, and youoffr 
Hwikjrni, Dart, a I 



Oloaeolfr. Hinr. ».—_.— 

Jolin Manihip Kmrt. taq. ol thi I 



Baagt, I „ , .— _ 

Carullna^ulla, ddnl dau. of lb* Vm. Areh- 

dwicon CrerkF. RkIot of llnfiinL At Tas- 

brldn Welti, C, U. Baktr, —n- oalr MB of 
ibe bteR>«. C Baker, Vkar Of Tilmanitoiw' 
lu eilubetli-Ma/iaret, tUmM dan. of lb* lIM 
W M. Goodrlob, nq. of Lwitaaraofb, HocdH, 

tiheKaok«rT.D«UiUi,B«e>. At ttallr- 

iii'miiIId, Haadon, BralaBln 8M«fi,^aiq. for- 

in. nf Park-rO«l. BbdrwelL to HenrieU^ 
I iM]ilt,daa.of MaiorSiranr. latrir - - - 

-AtSonerlonl.tbeaaT.durltaK'. . 
n II. Rector of SrlnkWortfa, to Maiy, i 

< r <iie late A. Yonnc, no. — Al KiFmooiiti 

< I. r'liire.RMH AtoMr,toq.orCarpuBCbnid 
iiiii Canb. to Heorletta-MiirT, BeroDd dan of 

nUarroiT.eaq.lbmeclrofBatb.— AtMl^ 

ilii'riin. near Lrnn, Bdw. Chneb K mtimtt, 
.'•.(. iirKDdivald.Noifblk. to CoacTCM-Vlan oa- 
Airella, •KondriaiLOftbeVcryHereniBdrMn 
Wood, Reen DfUHldleham, Vorkib.aud Mcit 
Of Ulildlewn. 

H. At St. Jatnei'B, Weatrnlniilrr, tiemleo 
li. K. KMnton, esq. late R.t. Fualllen, srcond 
-"': nrt'-.^'. Hrrrulea KoblatOB. R.N.nf Hon- 

<-' <i t^< -Kill': Ireland, to Iba Hon. Ada- 

ii'^iuoar Aooealey, nfib dan. of 
I Miiii.or BletehInrMnFBrk,(]if. 

\!. .'.' >i \.t I.I Umlia, third dau. of tli* ItM 



P, Knina,ymuiratdiau. of the lata Connia- 
dare Sir J. STftytM. K.C.M. — Al Calne, 
Wltti, Bdward Cbeater JoHi, of LlBCOlo's-Inn, 
Barrialcr-at-lav. to Jane liewta, isconddaii. 
.. .1. ._._ . « — , liownaU, eeq, of 



iglKi, eiq. of rred«rlcfc-pi. London, to 
TOHninl lunivlnr dau, of the tale 

; VornT, »q. of Hertford. At Cliel- 

I, the Rn. r. B'(li4U, ol IMmley Hill, 



, „-..„, jl IMmley 

__van, la Janct-ColqahoDo, aulydau, of the 
late TtaoRUa Klna, eiq. ol Ullbank, co. Ren- 

frwT,N.B jirDBb1u>,Wa|:orCkarle« Henry 

Dilamatii, C.B. U Bombay Catalrv, to SoBtn- 
Saiab-Cliriilioa.dau. of Iba lala Ckpt. wiUiua 
Gun, and irauddaa. of Sir Thumu MKennv, 

Bart. At Halte^ill, tlenry, eld«t aon of 

tlrar;' Ahirf, Hq. of Clapham Cor *- 



Al ^1. 1'locrnir, OiOfK Robarta ABoUn, esq. 
U.A. of St. Jahn'a Cull' Camb. ekleit son at 
the late Rar. G. 9n»Ue]', Vicar of Uebenhaoi, 
to Kllubelh, onlirilau. of the late Wa.TrlQe, 

9T. AI9I. Hary'i, Brranrton-iq, Alaander 

MacklNDuni e^q, H.P. tbr [AnlnrtoB, 10 Hln 

Wlllea. only dao, Of Ffanch Wlllee, Mq, 

Al HI. Qeoritv'a. Haneter-iq. Rsbarl Mrermri, 
vq, nf Pnlner HoDne, Ubg. to Bamb, Oin. of 
the Ute Henry Xvenrd, «q. Of Sptldlnc- 

W, AlBl.Paal'*,Ialliurlon,Bldacy.younnat 
aun of (he lUe a. A. I^Mm, e«|, Of OiArd- 
ler. Hyde nrk, to Mary-Anne, youugeBt dao, 

of H. W, Kllebcock. ««i. of HliChbun. At 

QuBtfiird, the Kov. T. t.Bakdimstam, aectorof 
...J — ^..^^ .. .,..^_. , — , yoonjteBl dell. 

Hamll- 
eArch- 



'Wti! 



Booth, eldeit dan. of Leader SlaTenion, 
of Vanbrasb-BeldB, Blackhealb. — All 
Ibe ReT. John Clark KnaU, (oannelBaa or 
the late Rot. WlUian Bnilh KnoA, of Baw. 
drip, eomenat, to Frances H. Q. KlUon, onlj 
chiUorUeul.-ColRltWD.— AlUltlebaurut, 
K. KlHMfard, nq. ol Blickheith-park, (0 
LoBlsa-CaBn!,eldHtdau,of H.KInK'lont, tni. 

The ReT. NIcholu H. Mmiief7a,fL. rellait 

of St. John'* College, Cambridite, to Jaur, 



, _HRe>.WIlliBi 

ton namftrit, aoa of the lale Vnn. 1 
deaoon of Cork, to ABB^Bna-Margi 
of tbe late WIUIaD BMmleh. e 

eo. Cork. Al Hacli 

H(«kiniaHH«B,M,A. 

eM|.M.U.ofKiuC*Clow,n 



I. Brllton, 

, "K£ 

Koiklni, etq. R.S. of Claptoneq. At St. 

Fancrai, millaoi Biinile, eaq. M.D. of Oulld- 
Itord-at. Id Drborah, third dan. of the lale Mr. 

JameaOilchrialiOfKeadloeandUapledurbam. 

Al Bury 9t. Rdiuund^a, Groin P. Clmr, 

«Hi. to labelli-Marla, eldnl dan. of the lats 
WflllaniOniaBiE,eii|. AlBath, the Rev-U, 



1 1846.] •• Mar 

Muy-Juie-Darii, dan. of the Mar. 

nl* SpfawM. A< Halt. Wlmbonu Ulnstcr, 

llMMa KfasAm, no. Df Wimbomc Hlnstcr, 
ts BkltMtll, MOOBd Aao. oI Iiuc fryer, mi. 
tf KtaMnCWuc. Gml Cinrxrd — \t Pul- 
tMM. Um JterrArtbor ifMliy, of Eckinclon, 
Dnrbinb. lo Anim-Bliu, aKDnil dau. of Alfred 
J. lIiHape,tsq.F&jt. orrulhuo.— aiTriDltir 
CkaKSuOrarn-Dlcblm.ToaDnxt ran of Wl|. 
nw Aaomd. iSa. at RdhS|1-h|. to Jalla- 
_ .-. . '^ ^aI|(^ (tawtH Bumeti, 

H:m. ^At SparklOrd, <*arle« 

la Brailr. <1d»t dtn. or Ihe Rer. 

, Rtclof of SparklOtd, aimprset. 

■ ion, the RcT. Henry Wide Hadpm, 

Ula ralow and Cluplaiti of Univfnity 

Dvrtum, aoD of Rear-Adoi. Hodgaun, to 

•■ VMaical diD. of Joaeph Buckle, e9<|. — 

H.nutena.Geartcc-'Bareeas, yonn^rataon 

'-*^ Majwan, eaq. of Dean Houac, near 

■ MSMfcianfr^Miiu, elilcstdau. of Ihe 

K. DaTla.- — ^Al a«. G«irge"«. Hin- 

■riq. (b* Hon. Percy Jfanloa, brolher nf 
■Bnl Dnete, to MinJuo Frin, dtu. of the 
"^"trRewPitoe, Itart. 



, loGnii 




Horn I 



tt Mwor-Gn. Brotbeni) 






Gmnte nlmn, aa. of 

AlOloacHler, Win. 

|. or StoDehonae, to Jane-Char LotCe, 

of John BUcdra Hnlt, eaq. of Glon- 

■At (AelieBhun, the Rer. J. U. 

!. A.M. Rcclor of Bail Sabam, SnlTolk, 

>, tUid dan. of WUIiun Gyde, «q. of 

Tfclllilllin^l At St. Oeorse'a, 6porn Sgtr- 

••.Mq. to UdT Marf-Loolaa Campbell, ftiorth 
An. Bribe Bvf of Oodor.-AI Buitoo Kilaea, 
— ■ ■ ■ ' Tun»t«ll, 10 Chur- 

_-, sag. of Park ilouiie, 

lo Jnlla-Roiabelle. dnu. of Isaac 
ma. U.D. of BDTton PMMa, Id MaMer- 
— aI ButoiMipon-Ilniiiber, the Her. 




piebT. of BudDFj HUJ. V 



Uppiebj 

_ _i-HnBber. and i _ 
eiq. of Barrow Hall, 1 

1. of intland Lodge, 

'liu bite' Daniel BamU, esq. of Cun- 



of Cbadei 
r^KMatncUn, Fnderlr, ddeM i 



«rt)W Be>. H. H. Moody, Beclor 
•Mr CUirrtHUT, to BUeo, only 

Ur«Ck,nq. Ai Bwldaln< _ 

mah. Qipi. Arthnr Edward^OiutoM, 3coli 



t>> lUrnnC-ADDe, atcond dan. at Ihe late 
tiwirSttmn, e«|. Buldeiler CUoton, and 
fiMUau. of Kie late Harqncaa of Tovnibend. 



naof lir 



:.-^ SirH. l^fOIIaa, Bar^ 



AtUon.SirB^SIopAnL At Uanbcr Uridge. 

taMMh. Cat*- Chartee Bdirard Slaitty, Royal 
bf. to Blin-DMlT. eldeal dau. of WlUUm 

Chiloii,m|. of liMtock Hall- At RaJtbby, 

Uainlulk Wa. /unen Redfatt. esq. Comp- 
MUetBf Her Uakity'a Cnatoms, Boiton, to 
VarT-WrihT, ddeat dau. of the Rev. W. Mailey, 

tK&lt of Mivta Kodciby. AI SI. Maryle- 

b«H, the Rei. Kiehard terburgk, unly aou of 
Ik in. Dr. TcTbuti^, Rector of TottlU aud 
''"—■'•■— »—d.Lliicolil»b. 10 flinan,yonnjMt 



87 



dan. of John Higgina, eaq. ji 

At Broibonrne, Herts, Henn Hobeit Uar- 

uur, eaq. eldeat aoti of the late Capt. flanner, 
H.N. of Great Yarraonth, to EiDUia-Sophli, 
KCOiuldiu.ofWni.Horleir,fw|.orHoddesdon. 

AI SI. MaiVa, BryansIooc.>q. the Rer. 

Ito f ii T rfM, M.A. Rector of 
ig, Kent, secand aon of Ueat.-Gea. 
Keynardaon, lo JuKa, yoongeal dau. 
of Ihe lale, and alstfl- of the pnuent, Sir 

John Trnnope, Bart. H.P. At St. Pancna, 

Sir Geoi^ Duclult, But. to Hn. Saxe, of 
Oloncealer Lodge, Regent'* hrk. 

SI. At Gnat Umber, Lincolnib. the Rei. 
P. E. Bneti, B, A. Curate of Kirkboitou, 
near H udrienlleld, and only ion of John 
Bnwke, eaii. of Old 'Waldngbalo, to Uaniet, 
fourth dau. of n. B. Uopkiua. esq. 

Map I. At Uierydolf , John AwwIoM, eaq. 
of Bemardat. RnaaeH-iq. to Blln, ^'onogeil 

dau. of John EHekard, eaq. of Heantree. 

At Bverton, Frederick Pirijral, esq. of Cam- 
den road ^Uaa, Laodon. to Cricbton, dao. of 
WilUam Lockerby, e«q. UverpDol. 

1. AI Ban Ham, Frederic Prmrl», esq. of 
Romfonl, leanid aon of Samnel Francia, eaq. 
of Ford-place, Baiei, to Mary-Ann, only child 

of Ihe lale Henry King, e*q. of Sast Haia. 

AI Brlgbton , Beanmonl .yonngeataon ofTboDi- 
aon SnJKji, eaq. of Brighlooi to Eleanor- 
Catherine, (burd dan. el the late WillUm 
Atkioa Bowter, eaq. of the Manor Bstale, Qap- 

hom. At Walcot, Bitb, the Rev. H. PUl- 

pMt, B.D. Maater of CatberiDe Hall, Cam- 
firidge, In Uary-Janf-DorU. dau. of the Har- 

qoia Sinneto, of CiBtbriilgr. AtCalronie, 

Roas-eb. Duncan DaoliUn. esq. ofTnlloch, to 
Anbclli, youngest dao. Df Hugh Rom, esq. of 
Cromarty. 

4. The Hon John Slmaion. third son of 
Lord StourtiHi. to C*roliiie.limDU, dan. of Ihe 
late Purick Mac.Votiy, esq. 

i. AIPIymtree,Rer. Robert Z^er, M.A. to 
Mary, second dau. of the Ute Rev. Daniel 

Vejeie. Rector of Plymlm. AI Trinity 

Chnrch, St. MarylebODC, Cbartea. Manners, 
youngeslsan of the Right Hon. S.R.ZmJI(iv- 
iBn, to Henrietta, eldni dan. of Henry Stanwd 

Northcole, esq. of Fynes Honne. At Ides- 

lei|rh,TboiiW9(.1wen 'IriisM eaq. of Park, to 
Uary-Brtdcet, only dao of William Antvld, 

esq. of NelbenolU At Wetla, Henry Jaoies, 

eldnt Mm of G. M. Hoan, of Moidon Lodge, 
Bnrrey, to Jane-SeymonT'Trahema, atconil 

dan. of H. Seymour, eaq. At SI. Pancna 

New Charch, Henry Hurl, eaq. oroiaucoler- 
road, Regtnl'i Park, to Augusla. dau. of Henry 
EdgewortU Blckoell, eaq- of Upper Bedfttrd-pl. 

At Soulhaoa, Capt. CarJtiB. T4lb Klgb- 

landnra, second ran of CoL Ckrdew, Royal Bug. 
to HarrtetVAnne CotHer, eMnt dia. of Lieui.- 

CnS. PenwIck.nnnlBnr AI Norton Banul, 

Uh Hvl. BenjpU 

J^^lkeeKll^klenior H«^ UajesiyaCo^ 

dl of BarbadofL AI Boi, Will*, Capt. T. 

i>nHU,R.A.orHDak>, iDtheco. of Wilu, to 
RUiabetb-Ana, widow of E. Bellera, evi of 
HllUehl, Ghiuc. and dao. otthe lue G. Bridges, 
esq. Ibnneriy of Lawfurd. Baaei. 

e. At St. QeorgE'a. Hanoyer >i|. the Right 
Hon. James Stuart Varttrf, Jndge-Adv.-Oen. 
and M.P. for Bote, youngest ton of tbe late 
LardWhamcUSe, to the Hon.Jsoe Uwley.only 

dan. of LflTd WeolDCk, AI Danlitli, Capt. 

HfMimtIm, n N. to Fanny H. Bailey, second 
dau. of Capt. Bailey. 

. .. S, , .,_ Partdior— "- °— 




llll, Kotia, loMuy 

-f Ihe Ret. H. H. 

of Trinity Cbapel, ConduU- 
the Bail of Bandon. ' 



I 
I 



^i 



Mari-i 

f, ninoTpr-w|. Lor.1 Omnn. 

..,, ,... of Ibe Barl of Ajtalord, id 

Mb KaMiiln, obIt child or tbe 1>M John 
WrWitwlck Kotetitfer. «q- "I OAbhurch, 

Bnrj, Wanirldc*hS«. At aontbinrk, Henry 

ScTsneeroft WmiMU. «sq. onlr Ma of tlw 
Rot- June* SmrcnccTOft fHomlldd. lUe Vkif 
of Aldborongb, SdRUIi, to CbirioKc, leconil 

dan. of CapC apenur, KUfuurm, IrtUiuL 

At Woodbrldi;*, EaBiilk, John HtrrUig. «(|, of 
Narth B*rahim, to Uura. anb dnn. of Ibe 
lile Johu Muby, («|. of Woodbriitte. 

S. At SwiiiKt,lt^>ertfimf, e»]. H.D. of 
Woodbary, co. Dnon, to Annie, lUa. of Jotao 
Fn, en-SidlBrhoDnip, Rmt. 

B. AtClifton.FnuicisBmlaiii.nq.iroiiniTBl 
ton of Ibe bu Thoa. Foaitr Barbum, cw|. of 
l#aklnDick.nemiPeDiaDei!,loG«nnHlp-FDMer, 

eUeat du. of tbe Jte*. Tbomu Griafleld. 

At St. Oeotge'e, Hinover *qaire. WUUim 
BDaTilli!/aM«, nq. TonnremeoD of tbe Ute 
Ha)ar Cturlea Jtmcg, at ibe Binal Art. to 

SL liiut's, JemeeBrodte U«rdn,e*q. of Hid- 
dc1ton-n. la BUpb. wtdaw of Stephen HBl1|)ike, 

esq. of MBKipore. At Highgite, tbe Her. T. 

K. Abraham. Perpetu) Cunte of BlPkenlxSe, 
Uncuta. tuBneB,eld«tdui. of Bich. DMbtlL 

tun. Q.C At Brnnler, Kent, Ueul.-Col. 

Thomu Chme Parr, of the Bombar Arm]', lo 
HuTlet, MCDod dan. of Cnurlei l>on, e*q. of 

10. At eibioa, Letceatenih. John t{a*di, 
CM). Of Uplon, to Mini Chsp'OiD, only diu. of 
Buonel Chipmui, eiq. nf Unloo. nod nine lo 
W. Bemmfnt;, eui- of Redditch, the SherllT ftor 
Woraeiterahire. 

11. At Dundee, James Sdmard, esq- to 
FaDBy-Georcina. yooneest dan. of the late 
Ueonce Watkin Kenrjck, eeq. of Woore Hall, 
Shropeli. tDd Mertyn, Flints.— — At Kioiiton, 
HuiM, Alexander LeviU, esq. R.N. to Hary- 

Abo, widnr of Capt. J. P. Hodnett. At 

CoddngtOD, tbe Rev. Prebendary Wevlleemhe, 
Tic^ of KinnteiKBton, and lale alndeni of 
Cbrist Chnrch, to Jiquetle-Gliulietb, eldeit 
dan. of the late Comm. Belfield Loula. KN. of 
OielitoD Coitace. 

13. At Weitno, Datb, the Rer. Henry Bo-Uk, 
iBCDmbenlafHolyTilnitr. roreilaf^Dnn, to 
Anne-CliTlsibiaa, yonognt -■■" -" "~ '-•- 



[July, 



Conlnjiton Hall, Cuattrldjceshire, to Miry- 
Wright, aal* dan. of WQlian Hopkins. .M. II. 
ofCutilT. Qlamornnsh.— At Clifton, Cllflbnl. 
■Uial son of Q. C. Borrr, aq. of PH'khain 
Rye, Surref, lo Uiry-Bllubelh, eldeel Aia. at 

Thoroaa Elberidre, esq. At Wbithy. Ihe 

Rer. Robert Rvlall. Hector of StabloD, Unr. 
10 Annie, onlyehiLdofGearie AniiutM I^B•ml, 
en\. at Larpool UiU, near WhitCy. 

11. At St.P*ncr>» nan church, John PtumIs 
Siktt Oaarfaji, esq. of Suilbnry, Snfltdk;, l« 
Anna, youngest dau. of Fnncis Brewin, **4> 
of IfeDinirk Hill, Sarrey, and relict of the Isu 
John Charles AddtwiD, es). of CblUoB Ball, 

SaSoIk. At Oaphwa, (3i«*. RicbardflMfl, 

Lieot. Kb Bombay tdt. Inf. uo Of. Cvl. 
nilliott Kaniii, R-M. of Hoool RaiUOrd, Raetav 
to Bllabetb-Kmnw, yoan^eet dui. of Mn 
GailluiD acnit- >«- -' '"--'■ — "' 
^mershaoi, 

the Rer. J, _ . _.., 

Trialty, Ipawich, id Rliubelh-Anse. cMm 
dan. of J. Hampden GlediUnes, esq. of SalMB- 

place. At Si. Hary't, Bryanston-u, C. V, 

rUIHpi, esq. lale of the Ben(il Qvfl SeMai, 
to Margarel-Cecll, younger iUd. of W. H. 

Virdy, esq. At St. Gcarre's, HanoTer.aQ> 

Ralph ■"■ " " -- •■ "—' 



acott, esq. of ClaiAa'n SiH, Md 

- Hunti. At WokiBC, BorRTi 

Jleiw, loctunbent of Uafr 



a liionias Fmwetti, e 



Sawyer, esq.ofiteTem -houe, In Ellea, yonaiMt 
dan. of the lale Joseph Henry BntttrwoKh. 

esq. of Clapham Dunmon, Bu rray At Hnm- 

bles, near Hnnsea, Charles BaiU, no. atf- 
citor, of SyraoKS, to Susaotub, eldest 4m. Of 
the lale Wm Slanirorth, (M. of ShelBeld, Md 

of Mrs. SMnKilrth. RoseHiU, Mnmbles, At 

dapbam. Michael aaa, an. of Uaoonr VHb, 
Keneinxton Park, to Letliia, fifth lUo. «f Jere- 
miah Bvani,eiq.afClapham Rbe.Samy. 

At Pairlett, Sooierset. WUllam Henry, eldest 
son of the lat« Richard HanatvUI, esq. of 
«.,___ .. ,. — -'-"jit dan. of Joiiah 



n, the Rev. Joseph Cltrt, of 



Easlon, esq. of 

tS. AIDOfmi. ___, 

WreiibUD, to EIlM, Kcond dan. of the 
rbileniDn Altwalei 

Sahibnr 



„. „lnr«. Wiu 

Xalpt, seq. Ute Cspt.Slh DrafOon Guards, I 
Chsrlolte, yDnneenC dio. of tbe Isle F. Cregoe 

Colmore, esq. M Haor^end, Gloncealtrsh 

At Uirnte, the Rer. R. F. Spmctr. LL.D. to 
aeonclana, youngest diu. of the Ute HllUim 
Euh» Johnson, esq. of Fortnay Hall, atafford- 
■hlre, and Weatboume Gmre, near Dodley.— 
At 81. Gmrge's, Hanover-sq. Wilii.nm Fred. 
Browne Blapta, esq. of the Middle l>mple, 
barrUter-at-lair, BKund wn nf U. W. Staples, 
esq. of Nonrood, Surrey, to Jinet<lielen 
Aleiandfltit, vonnresl dan. of the Ute Col. 

Uackenile, nf^SI. Relier'i, Jersey. At SI. 

nacras, Michael Bdward Caaaik, of the Midille 
Temple, BsrrisIer-sI-LAir, to SBUn-FraBces, 

itoB. of John neld, of Upper Gomr-st At 

Urerydide. Hesyltree, WlllUn Henry Clarkr, 
esq.ofmiKleld,ni. UabIin,iaCon<Ianiia-Jane, 
eldest dau. of th« Ute Capl. llioniMn, R.N. 

At Hulcombe, tbe Rev. Frederick Trnw. 

to Amelia, dan. of the Ule Wm. Ulurlt, e». 

13. At Spuini, Charles, yonnjtrsi son nf the 
late nomu Walpali, esq. of StaxbiirTr lo 
Annette, dau. of Capt. Precual, R.N. and niece 
oftheBaroBdeTriMter.of Woodeole Park.— 
At Coney- Wesloo Hall, fiaOiills, Major Thoman 
WVm, of Tilchfleld, Jlanta, to Mary-Anae, 

MSt.GeiirKe's, 



— Carmhaui, Robert Thonp- 
■un i^oKtlMf.tMi. nfCyftrtblhCaitle, to Rose- 
Hary, dsn.W William VUsob Yeatei, esq. of 
the Grore, CO. Oifbrd. 

IB- At OuuKon.OoTer, Waller roKu, esq. 
to BlIisbMh, ei'lesi dan. of the Ute Uiobiel 

Rlwin, esq. of (Jbarlloa, Dorer. At BI. Ka- 

rylebone. David Gusell JeU, esq. hHeC>il^ 
Id Light DngooBB, to BUiabelh-Anae, eecood 
diD. of John TbDinpmn, ena. of BmBswicfc- 
-T Brighton. At at. '- ■— — 



t. Georm's, Haaonr- 



W. Hurra*, Bari. of Clermon 



?^' 



Sir Benjamin Uey- 
. Uncub. lo Mar- 
si dau. of Tbomu Ueyiraadi esq. of 



End, Herefcrdsblre.- 



Trimbey, esq. of Upper Toolfor- Al Oirist 

Church, St. MsryMHine, Edwin Himtm, aa, 
of Wlndsor-terr, li^a Ulll, to RUnbetWane, 
'1, esq.ofCBiulaKham- 
'AlCrlBanch.Geonre 
- ■ Lefh.toOon, 
,e9q.arPirk- 



OBITUARY. 



Popx Oa.EooRv XVI. 
Ab* 1. At Rome, iiged 80. His Ho- 
Eam Pope Ortgorj XVI. 

Ha Ute Pope Mnura Capellnri. vu 
bora It Belluna in (he Venrtisn Slates, un 
Ibe 18th or SqiipiDbfr. ITGi. and entered 
U U) early «ge the CamaUali. a branch of 
diilinguisbed him- 



r in his I 



iroftl. 



He ■fipv*rt firti lo nave utrscira ino 

iBnliMl of ■ wider pubtic by the dialectic 

takll be dliplijeJ in 179». ins contro- 

wraf with Tunburini and bit acbolan. 

Vuber CapeHiri woi one of tbe (irat 

aaaber* of the Audemr of Citholic Rr- 

Ihlad, (nttitmed by Pius VII. Prom 

mi to ISM he mided at Rome. «u 

Wmitiul in hli altendance at iU mefdr^a. 

Md eontiDUed an annuil dlMcrlatioa 

tanding to promoir tbe abjectf of the in- 

Miniiali. The intention of the dlteoursc 

UiTcred id IBOI wb.* to show, that 

"dwerronthtt haie Himttimes accam- 

|>niBd Ihe gmerBl consent of maiikiad on 

Hk criiteDce of God. do not seakea the 

tone sf tbe general argnmcnl ;" that of 

" ■ " nine io IBua, to prove that •' tbe 

lav preaeribei the r^ndcrin^ to 

I interior and exterior won hip, 

■ dei'gnnred under Ibe name of 

," lnlH03, heundertook toe«ta- 

b Ibil the propbecj of Daniel on the* 

_ BDtr weeks hag reference aolely to Ibe 

HMkbi and. in 1804, Uvaf the Chria- 

tkn religion on^bt to be, and U cMentially. 

' ' 'nciples of faith aiid moraln." 

IS VII. was carried oS from 

, FWlher Cs)ielUri retorned to Ibe 

' B territory, and joined lereral of 

^ua bretiiren in their monaitery 

^Hw>no, near Venice. For tome years 

etnthCiathc college e<labli>hed there 

I Cwriwi") (at that time limply Father) 

iiiria. In lell. tbe library of the (Js- 

Wlihdl (already much dimiaiahed by re. 

VNiMioiur) ptunderjwaa taken from them 

sd sold by aurtioti. In lEU. Father 

CaralUri, witb Ihe other membcn of the 

" !, rmoved " " ' 




«Ued(o 



afier tt 



s VIL and ippoinled auccessively 
■tor and Vicar-General of Uie Ca- 
KlUoll. and Abbot of St. Gregory's on 
Hoale Cello. He was aooa afler nomi- 
nud eoDncillor of several of tbe lacred 
Dg»t ocbera, of the «u- 

Sine inbanal and tbe Propaganda. Leo 
U. dented Father CapelUH Co tbe 
iaiTpl*,Maidi21, IH23, aodinhiBalloca- 
lioatolheCOaaiatury, intimated that the 

Oin.Hko. Vol. XXVI. 




new cardinal otted hii promolinn to " tht 
innoeenct ij/" Ai» li/r, aod the grarilj 
of bii manner*. Ihe extent ttt hit know, 
led^e, and bia eiprrience in eccleiiaktical 
■iistien." He was aoon after nominated 
Piefr-ct of the Prorannda. and continoed 
to diachar^e tbe dntiea of that arduooi 
oBieewilh unabalini: leal and activity, uutil 
he waa elected Sovereiun Pontiff. 

In the conclave of 182B, Mauro Capel. 
lari waspoeof the Cardinals most favoBted, 
and the most violently opiiosrd by what 
was termed the Aoatrian party. In the 
conrlaie of 1831 tbe Cardinal Pacca, pro. 
poeed by that parly of which the Cardinal 
Albani wai the he id. bad obtained during 
a previnu! ba)lot 19 votes; but at the 
last one aii or aeven latet egcaprd being 
influenced by Cardinal Albani, and Car. 
dioal Capelhiri obtained the minority. 
The Sacred College is compoted of .17 
members. He was elected Piipe on the 
2nd of February. 1)1:11, and tat on the 
poniificil throne under the name of 
Gregory XVI. 

■■ Pope Gregory filled the Pontilicat chair 
for more than fifti^o years, doring a 
periudof no ordinary intereat and diffic.ilty 
in the affairs of the Church, and in the 
relations of the Vatican with the temporal 
powers of Christendom. When the vote 
ul the Sacred College ■iimmoned Cardinal 
CapelUri to the highest office of Ibe 
Ruuiiah Church, the French Kevolution 
uf 1831) had juit inflicled a iremendoua 
blow on Ihe reclesiattical party in France, 
and tbe elder branch of tbe Boorbont had 
sunk into exile and impolency. mainly 
from its blind devotion to tbe ullra-mon- 
tane policy and the religious bigotry of its 
leading nivmbcrsand adiiters. Thronghout 
Euro|ie it seemed probable that the great 
contest of freedom Bnd of ahsololiam in 
matters of opinion and of fsitb. is well as 
of government, was about to be retiewed; 
and the convuhtions which bad paralysad 
the influence of Rome in other states 
threatened to destroy ber security at home. 
The first foreign act of the new govem- 
nienl of France was to plant tbe tricolor 
flag at Ancona. Italy quivered in her 
chains ; disturbances broke out in almoat 
every part of the Peninsula, but especially 
in the Papal States. It seemed as impoi- 
slble [u support the crumbling fabric of 
tbe temporal power of Ihe Vatican as 10 
effect a aufficient reform of abuaei, which 
tbriuiand vices 



4 



had [ 



aed the I 



The 



90 



OtirvAVt,—Pope Gregory XVI. 



[July, 



reign of Gregory XVI. has been spent 
upon a volcano on the eve of an eruption, 
the ancient 8yacem of Papal misgovern- 
merit has survived another Pope ; and he 
leaves his temporal powers to his cue- 
cessor, more enfeebled, more embarrassed, 
more dia^n^ced by the oppression of Rome 
and of the Lections, but nevertheless 
not wholly lifeless or overthrown. The 
promises he made for the refonn of the 
administration upon his accession remain 
unfulfilled. The natural tendencies of the 
moderate party to which he had belonged, 
and of his own amiable disposition, were 
oTcrmled by the Cardinals who exercised 
power in his name ; and his reign cannot 
escape the charge of cruelty in the re- 
pression of political offences, and of a most 
bigoted resistance to the practical improve- 
ments of the age. 

•* The reign of Gregory XVI. will, how- 
erer, be chiefly remembered for the re- 
markable activity which has pervaded the 
Roman Catholic Church in every land 
whilst he occnpied the chair of St. Peter, 
and by the great conflicts it was his lot to 
sastain with most of the great Powers of 
the world. Simple in his habits, narrow 
in his ideas, timid in his manners, inca- 
pable of civil government, the Pope 
nevertheless displayed in the affairs of the 
Church a vigour and a decision equal to 
the great emergencies which arose about 
him. He was deeply versed in all the 
lore of the Roman hierarchy ; he was 
conscientiously devoted to the mainte- 
nance of the rights of his Church and 
the performance of the duty he owed her ; 
and in this spirit of modest dignity he 
gnided the destinies of tliat mighty insti- 
tution, and governed the most complex 
lyttem of spiritual polity which has ever 
existed among men. 

*' We have already alluded to the French 
revolution, which had so recently preceded 
hit election ; but that blow was destined 
to be followed by various events of the 
deepest interest to the Roman C'hurch — 
by controversies touching the ecclesiasti- 
cal polity of that kingdom, and htriking 
at the n>ot of ecclesiastical influence in 
the education of the country, and by a 
flerce contest between the nation.'d spirit 
of the French revolution and th(* reviving 
influcnres of Christianity. The. Pope 
ultimately sacrificed the .lo'suita in France ; 
but the eminent umn who obtained that 
concession as the tvprcitentativo of King 
Louis Philippe at the Court of Rome, 
has since employed it to Ktrongthen all the 
tiea which once united the Cabinet of 
France to the Vatican. Whatever events 
may now be in store for Italy, the ascen- 
<Uncy acquired tt Rome by M. Rossi is 
*B ftOBpleioQ* omen of the lerricef he 



may render by his adopted to bis mother 
country. 

" The revolutions of Spain and Portu- 
gal, the changes of dynasty and the civil 
wars which have devastated the Ptainsala, 
shook the Roman Catholic Church hi 
those states to its foundations, plundered 
it of its wealth, and, we tmst we may add, 
purged it of some abuses and expiated 
some of its crimes. The closing years of 
the reign of Gregory XTI. witnessed a 
renewal of the relations which had sub- 
sisted for so many ages between the 
Sovereigns of the Peninsula and the 
Sovereign Pontiff ; and the government of 
the Church has once more been re-esta- 
blished in the dominions of the Most 
Catholic and the Most Faithful Queens. 
In Belgium, the Catholic cause, adapting 
itself with singular pliancy to the politiciu 
accidents of the age and to the social con- 
dition of the people, formed an alliance 
with the principles of national independ- 
ence and civil freedom. A new Sts& was 
added to the family of Europe, which owed 
its rise to the influence of an actite and 
ardent priesthood. In Ireland a similar 
spirit has animated a large portion of tiie 
Romish clergy. But, upon the whole, tiie 
policy of Gregory XVI. has not been to 
foment by spiritual infhience the intrigues 
of political agitators. During his reign 
the Court of Rome has laboured to re- 
press rather than to incite them; and 
the Pope has more than once reminded 
t]ie more zealous members of the priest- 
hood under him. that they are before all 
things the ministers of a religion of 
peace. 

** When, however, the principles or dis- 
cipline of the Church of Rome have been 
invaded by the authority of temporal 
governments, or by the persecutions 
which have disgraced the reigns of some 
contemporary sovcreifjiis, Gregory XVI. 
upheld with unflinching resolution tiie 
cause of which he was the natural def^der. 
The great quarrel between the Vatican and 
the Court of Berlin, under the late Kinc 
of Pruss^ia, arising out of the suspension 
and captivity of the Archbishop of Co- 
logne, was one of those occasions which 
would have shaken all Enrope to its centre 
two or three centuries ago, and which even 
now astonished the world by a display of 
the firmness and authority with wlueh the 
influence of Rome may resist even an ab- 
solute sovereign. That contest termi- 
nated with no diminution of the claims of 
the Church, and with a great increase of 
zeal on the part of the Roman Catholic 
{)opulation of Germany. But ere lone a 
fresh cause of anxiety broke out in that 
country, in the shape of a new schism, 
more active and more fbnnidable tb B^Hik 



l.^U.] Obithahy. — Vitcount Powne.—l,ord Hodneif. 



1 aor wbicli hug occurred lince ILc 
dm of Lutb*r ; bat tbia great mo>c^ni«nt 
huBed tbe control uf Rome, snd iti M>n. 
iCqacDCM mijr loog be frit b^ Popes who 
kare not jret catered the S>cred Col- 

'• We might exleail thi» jummary of 
rTcatii, fnn^bt wiili good or evil in no 
MmmtD oipuurp to the Romish Church 
lid to nuDkind, bj Dumeroiui iacidentt 
vUdt hitTC inarlied the reign of the lute 
W9wM. Hie uieient Church of Africa 
' ' in reinstated in those regionii which 
.. . >ed the minirtry of Si. Angintini" 
%'taA die deith of et. Lonla. llie Chinese 
once more opened to the 
^_„ le RoDi«n faith, ■* wcU 

the mb«ioniTies of the refornied 
Id SwitzerlaDd. the diiiiules 

of the pruenee of the reli|[liiDS 

■ of Rome and the property of the 

tta h*Te rnrenll]' reicbed the height 

il war. in irhirh the aggrenion nf 

!• nrohitiODarr party was ngnnlljr pu. 

*" i Qoder (he walla of Lucerne. In 

itiea of the Latin Cborch 

>g bora aggrsTatcd to actual persecu- 
; nd Mihsrs the most glorious mo- 

1 In the life of Gregory XVI. wa> 
K In •MrU, but a few months before his 

tb> the Aatocrat of Hoaaia atood before 
O mder an accoant to that aged and 
■ of the members of hil 
cb who had snlTercd for 




Vis ecu VT Dowxe. 

May 13. At his aeiit, Beningborongh 
Hall. Yorkjhire. in his 1 1th year. thcRiAt 
Hon. and Rev. William Hmry Dawnay. 
tilth Viscount Dawnay of the county of 
Downe, in the peerage of Ireland (IfiiiO). 

Hie Lordihip was bom Aug. ^0, ITTS, 
■ lie second son of Jotin fourth ViicouDt 
Donne, by Laura, ojily daut{hler and heir 
of William Burton, esq. of LnficDham, 
CO. Rutland, by Eliiabctb, daughter of 
George Piu, esq. of Stra^ifieldaaye, and 
aunt to George first Lord Rivers. 

He was a member of Christ Church, 
Oxford, where he graduated M.A. Nov. 
3. 179G. He wai presented to the tec- 
lories of Tbormaaby and Sessay, in (he 
north riding uf Vorkafaire. by Us el^r 
brother Lord Down* in 179B, and to that 
of Athwell in Rntlsndabire. by the aame 



4 



patro 



n 1803. 



d dKy bale not t 



must pause in this rapid re- 
.-.Itian of the PontilTs reign. The 
A eta hardly present ns with a itranger 
ire than that of sn Italian Camaldale 
It by accident or foreign intrigue from 
fte retirement ef his convent to play his 
pwt «n the (treat stage of life, sod to de- 
rate the laat jearx of a protracted exist- 
^H to tbe ardooui duties of a poUcy 
i embraon the |Iobe itself. Some 
« ^aesre monk will probably ascend 
_ vacant tbtnne. It is said that Auatria 
i tfnet bare already agreed upon the 
' Jhear cboice, and the delibera- 
nCoaiJave will not be pro- 



the death of hit brother Feb. 1^, 
I83S. be succeeded lo the Irish Peerife, 
the English barony of Dawnoy then be- 
coming extinct. 

Hil Lordship married, June S, IB11, 
Lydia. only dnugbler of John Healbcote. 
of ConningtOQ csatle. co. Hnntingdon, 
esq. by whom he had iiiue two sons and 
•me daughter : I. the Right Hon. WUHam 
Henry now Viscount Dawne J fi. the Hon. 
Lydia. Prances- Catharine ; and 3. the 
Hon. Fayan Dawnay, bom in Ittl5. 
ruiiscience The prri.nt Lord is M.P. for the 

rgy of the county of Rutland. He was boru in IBK, 
forgotten; and marr.ed in 1843, liabel. fourth 
il. without daughter of the Hun. aad Right Rn. 
Richard Bagot. Lord Bishop of Bath and 
WcUi. 




LoBD Rodney. 

May 15. At bia reeidcnce in Barley 
street, aged 61, the Right Hon. and Rev. 
Spencer fifth flarun Rodney, of Rodney 
Stoke, CO. Somerset (ITB^), and a Baronet 
(1764). 

He was bom on the Slih April 1785, 
the third son of George ircond Lord Rod- 
ney, by Anne, lecood daughter and co- 
heir of the late Right Hon. Thomas Har- 
ley, nnile to the pnsenl Earl of Oxford 

d Morti 



, lie was formerly a Fellow of AU Souta" 

itr he be, the task before college, Oxford, where he took the d^ee 

magnitude. His of M.A. Oct. 10. 1811. Hewas priuentBd 

- * - totherecloryof Elmtey,inKenC,inleOS, 

by All Souls* college, and redgned il in 

1818. 

He succeeded to the peerage, Oct. 30, 
1^43, on the death of hil second brother 
Tbomiu-Jamca the fourth Lord, who waa 
a bachflor. as was the nobleman now de- 
ceased. It ii now inherited by tlidr i 



avagant of con- 
One hundred and thirty 
I of Chriilians acknowledge him 
M (Sdr he«l i and the man who assumes 
db o*«rwb<^iiung dignity will probably 
In udileto maintain fail authority for six 
amba in an Itatisn principality without 
' 1 Austrian anny"' 




Shew Robert- Dennett, only son of the lata 
loa. Robert Rodney, Capl. R.K., mbo 



J 



92 



OniTiTARV.— /.orrf Wodehovie^Adm. Cunoi 



l3rA, 



died Id 182S, bj Anna, joungeit ddighter 
■nd oohcif of Thamu DeoDrtt, esq. o( 
LopIc Athunt, Suncx. 

The (irejient Lord wu bom in IfKO. 
■ad vu tutrljr ati officer iii tUe Sl'uIs Tiul- 
Uer ^Hrdi, 



Lo>T) WOOKIIOIKK. 

A/dV 39. At Kimbtrtry P>fk. Ndifolk, 
in hii TOlh year, ths Rijht Hon. John 
(eeond Baron Wxdehome (l;9T), and tlie 
eighth BsroDFt (IStl)- Lord-Lieuteiunl. 
Cuitoa RoiuJoruin. uid \ire-Adininl of 
tb*t raunlj, Colanel a( the Eait Norfolk 
MUiti*, toil Lnrd Sleirird uf Norwich 
Clthedril. 

He w« bom Jan. II. ITT 1. the cidetl 
■on of John first Laril Wodebonu, by 
Sophia, only daaghlrr and heir of Chitrlea 
Berkeley, of Brntiin Abbey, co. Soinenel; 
eaq. brother to John AlXh and lut Lord 
Berkeley ofSlralton. 

Ha "ii firit ■ ciodldats for (be reprc- 

«i>UtioD of thccoualyof Norfolk in 1802. 

in oppoiition to Mr. Coke ind Sir Jacob 

Aaili^y {I«o Whip), the latter of whom 

bad been elerted on the eleiatioo uf Lord 

Woiiehon'e (hii father) to the peerajfe in 

1T97. On this occsiioa he fiaa utunc- 

OMafal, the malt of ths poll briiiK, for 

Tbo». M'm. Coke. oq. . 4317 

Sir Jarob A»tley . . 3612 

Hod. John Wodebuune . .IM; 

Nor n> be more fortunate in 1806. in 
oppotition to the cclebtared Mr, Wind- 
bam. Tkit election terminated at foUow* ; 
Then. Wm. Coke, ran. ■ ^1 1" 
R(. Hon. W. Windham . J:TS 
Hon. John Wodehouie . S.iS.'i 

In 1«S1 (duHnit the lifetime of hi> 
fkthar). he*ia>»)inointed Lord Lieutetiant 
of the county of Norfolk. 

He anccivdnd to the ptwrage on liii 
father'a deceaw, .May 29, \«M. He pre- 
allied orer the mngialracy of the uounly 
with jteneral naliifaitian ; and, thoagh b 
■troog partiMO of the Cunsetvativei, wai 
hifbly raiprated bj all parilrg. Hi* lord- 
ahip'a last pablio act wa* lo g ite hia proij' 
to the Minl^ten on the Corn Bill. From 
hit indllfercnt health for the la>l tiro yean. 
be bad in ■ Rreal degree abttained ttota 
UiiDf an aetlre part in nubile afTain. 

HI* lordablp married, Notember 18, 
1796, Charlotte. Laura, ooly daughter and 
beir of John Norrii, esq. of Wilton 

Pafk, 00. Norfolk (hy Chailolte, fourth „ , , . . _ 

daughter uf the Hon. and Very Itev. tlie ISHnUth, blockading the Tagi 
Rdward Townahend, Dean uf Windtor), ISO?, and tupcnnleading theembarkation 
•nd by that lad(, wlio ilirj on (he ',!4[h of of Qen. Moaic'a army at Coruni 



ing married Anne, only dangbtcr of TM(^^ 
philui lliomhBgh Gurdon, raq. of Uttm, 
CO. Norfntk, and leaving i^aue John.Got- 
don now Lord Wodehou»e, and Hcnrv, a 

Cithuinoua ion ; 3. The Hon. Sophla- 
nra, married in 1B2& to Rsikei Currie. 
r»q. M.P. for Northamplon : 4. the Hon. 
Edward Thornton Wodehoune, Captain 
R.N. who took the additional name of 
Thornton on marrying, in 1838. Diana, 
daughter of the late Lieu I.- Colo nrl Thorn' 
Ion, of Falconer'a Hall, Nnrfnlk. and hiu 
inaue; A. the Hon. Charlotte- Laura ; G. 
the Hon. Henrietta-Laura, marritd in 
1834 to John David Chanibera, e>q. bar> 
n..|er-at.li« ; T. the Hon. Berkeley 
Wodehuuae, Colonel of the Eiat Korfolk 
Militia, vbo married, in 1837, Fancy, only 
daughter of Alexander Holmei, eaq., M 
Curragh, Kildare. and haa iiiue : H. the 
Hon. Caroline- EliiJibeth-ldura, marriMl 
in IB.1G lo John Wbaitei, nq. ; 9. the 
Hon. Bertram Wodohouae, Cornet in tbe 
4lh Dragoon Guard* : ID. the Hon. and 
Kev. Alfred Wodehuuie, Kector of Lite> 
ham, Norfolk, who married in 1840. 
Emma- Hamilton, daughter of Rcginalil 
lirorge Macdonnld, esq. of Clanrunald, 
and neire (o the Earl of Mount-Edge, 
mmbe, and liaa Issue ; and. U. the Uua- 
Emma-Uara, who died in \n*>- Tbu 
pment lord will attain hia majority in 

On the I3tb June the retnaina of tbe 

lalD loid wereuoniigordto the mauaaleum 

Kiniherley. The funem! waa private. 

■ ■ — ibera of 









the membe 



Anv. Tde Hon. H. ttinroi.. 

May 1. At Ilia riuiileiiee, iu Detby. 
aged 81 , the Hon. Henry Curion. Admiral 
ul the Kvd, aud uncle to Lord Scaradale. 

He wat the tifth and youngeit >od of 
Nalhaniil Hrst Bainn Searidafc, by Udy 



and waa iKirn on the ^4th May, 1765. He 
wH a miil"hipman on board the Superb In 
the ihrce Ernrril action* with Suffrein, in 
IT82. and Lieutenant of the Monarch in a 
fourth. In Jnne. 1783. He was posted in 
1 : MS. and irai CapUin oflhe Pallaa io Com- 
wallis'i rrtirat. In 1800 be commanded 
the Inderetlgihle in iho npedilion to 
Fcmil, where he captuml Ihe French fri- 
~ Veout I waa aubscqncnily Csjilain of 



K U.I 

ntcrlaughtcrai t. Nurrie-Jnhn, who died 
in 181!), aged Iwentjt'OnDi 2. UenryWod«. 
boiut, H<]. oho died April 19, 1834, btv. 



VIcr-Admi 
idmiral in 1830. He was sUtli i: 

Biy on the liit of Admiiala. 
t hod nent miriM. 



18460 Major-Gen. Sir H, Elphinttone.Sir W. Macgregov. 



Sim John S. Sebbicht. Bart. 

April a. At Turnbim GrecD, aged 

*9, Sir John Ssundert Sctright, the ce- 

Tcnlh B.rl. of B«f»rd, co. Woree.ter. 

(1636) ■ Oqialj Lieutenaat of HertTord- 

Ue Ku bom in Sukii lie- >[((£(. St. 
JwnM'i. WesBninater, Maj 23. 1767. the 
rfdnt WD of Lieut.-Gei)Fr>.l S>r John 
Sfbrighl. the tilth Bitt. M.P. fur B>th, 
bj: Svih, third diaghlcr of Edvnrd 
Knight, ew). of Woli ■ -■■ 



Bbw 



the li 



hof 



bit &ihir. Feb. ei. 1794. and Krred i 
eOu of alierifror llertrordthire in 1T!IT. 
He irprewoleil that conntj during eight 
meonaiiTe ParliuDRilg, from the general 
clectioa in 1H07 to that ia 1M.15. Daring 
Ail ptriod therr wai no contetted elec- 
tion, imtil aficr ihc Refnrin act in 1833. 
■bea, u be had alwaf) been ■ stedfatt 
Vbig, he waa retiiraed at the bead of (he 

Sir John Sebright married Aug. 6, 1793, 
Haoiuh, daughter of Richard Crofts, of 
Barlins in Norfolk, ew|. and bj that lad;, 
who died Aug. 5. IMIG, he bad itsue one 
■OD, DOW, Sir Thomai George Saan- 
dcn Sebrigfat. barn lu 1B0S i and eight 
daoghtna : til. 1. Frederica-Aooe ; 2. 
BbUt, married in \«2l to Fn^erick 
Pnnkt. esq. and died the aanie jear ; 3. 
Canbne; 4. Praacca-Eliiabclh ; h. So- 
pUt, who died onnMrried In 1BS9 ; G. 
Wmrr-Anne: 7. Ortaiia-Elinor ; uid M. 

le. wbodifdin IB^. 

remain) of the late Baronet were 

I for inteitueu 



UajOB-Gix. Sir H. Elpb[n«tone. 

JpriliA. At Ore Place, ntartlaatingg. 
Wd 73. Major-General tjir Howard El- 
fUaatODt. Bart, and C,B., Colonel C«ol- 
■aodant of the corpa of Rojral Engioecrt. 

He was the youngeat of the eight eons 
of John Elphinttone, esq. Capt. R.N. 
■nbaeqamtlr Vice-Admiral and Lieni.. 
Gcfwral in the RohUd aertice, b^ Amelia, 
colj daughter of John Warbnrton, esq. 
S«Benel herald of arma. He was born 
OS the 4th March. 1773, and was b{i. 
pofntnl Second Lieolenant in the Royal 

wol ■( the taking of the Cape of Gond 
Hope In 1793; sad in ISOI serTed ■□ 
Egypt in the aroij under the eommand 
ef General Sir Datid Baird. in command 
of tba EnginMn. In 1B06 he oai in- 
traitMl with a minion (o Portugal. He 
anbaeqnenllf proceeded, under Geatrjl 
Wbitelock, with the eipedilion to Munte 
Tidao la (h« capacity of comoiaadiug en- 
ginesr. In 1808, be embarked for For- 
tttgtl with the Rofal Engineen, of wtuch 



corpa be was honoured with the cDiD- 
muid. Atlhebalileof Roleiahe rendered 
eapecia] aervice, and was eeverety wounded 
in thai engogcnient ; for «bich he wat re. 
warded with the decoration of a medal. 
Sir Howard aerved in the Peninfiula from 
ISIS to the CO net n lion of the war, and «aa 
cDmRianding engineer at tlie pasiige of 
the Adonr and the blockade of and n>r/i> 
from Bajonne. Forhis senices in Egtpt 
be had receind a medal, and a medal and 
two claipa for Roleiu. Nirelle, and NivB. 
He was created a Barooet bj patent dated 
Ma; Ih, 1916, and wai nominated a L'ooi- 
mander of Ibe Bath. Hia commiaaioni 
were dated as fallow :— Second Lieute- 
nant, April 24. 1793; Fir^t Lieot-nant, 
Feb. h, I'Wii Captain, Jnlj I, ISOO ; 
bretet Major, Jan. 1. 1812-, refimemal 
Lieutenant-Colonel, July 21. IHl.i; rtgi- 
meuUl Colonel, Dec. 3. 1851 sand M*jr>r- 
Genernl, Jan. 10. 1837, 

nir Howard Elphinstone married on the 
Uth Feb. 1803, hia coiiain-gennau Praa- 
ces, eldest daughter of John Warburtim, 
esq. of PuUament-streel, Westminster, 
by Mian Aldridge, aial^r to John AUridge, 
eaq. Storekeeper of the Ordnaoce, uid 
M.P. for Queenborongb. By (his lady 
be bad inue one ion, now Sir Howard 
Elphinstone, and three danghters, Fran- 
ces. Harriet, and Louisa ; the last »aa 
married in 1833, to Robert .Auatruther of 
Thirdpark, co. Fife, a Major in the 7dd 
Foot. 

The present Baronet was bora in 1804, 
and married in 1K3!I, EKzabeth- Julia, 
youugeit daughter of Edward Jeremiah 
Carteb, of Wtuduill Hill, co. Sauei, 
eaq. by whom he has ■ ton bom In 1B30. 
Sir Howard Elphinstone ri(s in the pre- 
sent Parliament as M.P. for Lewes. 



Sib WiiLUi 

JIfsreA 29. At Gibraltar, aged S9, 
Sir William Macgregor. Batt. (I82S). 
Capt. 9Jd Highlanders. 

Ho was the eon and heir of Sir Patrick 
Mocereeor, (the old and fuilhful medical 
atUodant of his Royal Highness the Duke 
of York, who expired in his arms,) by 
Bridget, daughter and heiie^s of James 
Glennf.esq. of Quebec. Hi> father died 
in July 1828, only four mooths after hia 
elevation to a bamnetey. 

Sir William wat a)>poiateJ Ensign in 



He never recovered from {he eJrcti of 
a coup de KileU, rcceiied at the i^iurming 
of Cbingkeangfou, having returucd to 
China overland befiire hia bnllh was 
restored, on hearing his regimi'nt. the 
IStb, was to be agnin actively employed, 



K.C.B. 
He ■ 



[.Sift MooRi Dtsvsy, K.C.B 
19. tn L'ppcr Brook-ttrael. 
General Sir Moore OiiDCT. 



B llie eldest ion of Mr. Moore 
Diiney, of ChnrchtowD, Walerford. Hf 
entered the urnij u Eoiifca in tbelit Foot 
Gnanb in 17113, and lervpd with that 
R^imeDt tn tbc clow of the Amerksn 
*nr. In 1793 be wu ordcied wilb his 
Ngimeat to join tht tnaj in Fkndera. 
»ad, after being engaged in moit of tbr 
actioDS St thai seat <4 war, lie returned 
with tbe forcei to England ia Maj, I7!)5. 
In Dec. IBIJ5 he nas appointed Briga- 
dier-Geneial on the home ttaff. In Jnlf 

1806, he commandtd 

guard* in Sicily, and 
WIS tppointrd Brigndler-Gcneml 
countrf. In Nov. 1SU8 be proceeded In 
UHD the srmr in Spain, under Sir John 
Moore, and was {ireaenl at (he diuitrooa 
battle of Comnns, where he uoiamaniled 
a brigade of resene. For hi> dislb. 
guisbed aen-icei during that nniucceaiful 
campaign he obtained n medal. In the id ji 
lucceeding year, he afcompanied the of th 
Walcberen eipedition in the command of In II 
the linit brigade of Goarda. In I81D bi 



u ordered to Cadiz ai second ii 
mand, 

fall coniaiiad there. 
10 (he Colonelcy of the 15th regimen 
Foot in Julf, IHI4, and waa create 
Knigbt Commander <^f the Bath in 1^ 
Hii oommiuioaawere dated aa followa 



lieatenant- Colonel, I^tli June, IT95 : 
Coknel, 29lb April, ISDZ ; Major-Gene- 
ral, 2Sth Ortober, 1809; Lieutenant- 
Qeneral, 4th June, IBU ; and General, 
lOtb Jan. tm. 

Sir Moore Dianey married Mar^ , wido* 
of Ralph Sneyd, of Belmont, e«i. and 
otte of the daugbtera of the late deorge 
Cooke Yarborough. chj. of Strectthorpe, 
Yorkshire. She died on the 2<jtb Jan. 
1831. 

Gbneh*!. Sin HK.vitv Qaylv, G.C.H. 

April 20. lu Dover-street, PiecadillT, 

after a long and severe illneat, General Sir 

Henry Bayly, Knt. and G.C.H. Colonel 

of the 8tb Fool. 

He was Iha second aon of Colonel Ni- 
cholas Bayly, fnrmerly iM.P. for Anglesea, 
bji Francei. filter. in-law of Hugh Dire, 

He entered tbc army as an Ensign on 
the I2lh April. 1783, and was on half- 
Hf of tba 6jtb f Ml fran Utal jm W 



1790. He then eichaogeil into IheCold* 
stream gnarda, and in April 1793 em- 
barked for Flanders. Ilejoioed ti>e Brst 
battalion at Tonmay, and wai aererely 
wounded in bis right hand at the battle of 
Linccjte) : aerred at (he battle of Faintn, 
and at the liege of Vsleocieniies. where- 
upon he <ru immediately promoted In a 
lienCensncy, widi the rank of Captain. 
He served during the rebellion ID Ireland, 
in 1798. and nibrequeDtlj proceeded to 
the Keldor. and was orderly oficer to 
Sir Ralph Abenromhy on (he day of 
landing, and presenl at the action on tbc 
lOtb of September following. While in 
lloUnnd he succeeded to a company, with 
the rank of Lieut. -Colonel, Sept. i. 
1799. In I8<1S be went to Laabon as 
private secretary to Mr. Villiera. who 
battalion of the was appointed minister at the Court of 
Angoii 1807 he Portugal ; and in April, 1B09, returned 
' ' -' ~ In England with despatcbet from Sir Ar- 
thur Weltesley and Mr. Villiera. la 
October, 1809, he was promoted to Co- 
lonel, and wv appointed ude-de-oiiap to 
the Prince Regent : and on attsining the 
rank of Mnjor-General iu lltIS, «a*ap- 

fointed Equerry to hit Royal Higbnen. 
D June. 1<JI3, he wat placed on the staff 
of the bomc district, as Major-Geaaral. 
I he was remarrd to Iheataffof 
■ - " ■ -Walling^m. 



and aubaequently joined that army ii 
mand of the brigade of Provisional 
tis that had Toluoteered 10 serve abroadi 
one battalion of which was comnuDded Iq^ 
the Marquess of Buckingbnm, another A 
Sir W. W. Wynn. and a third by Crtofid 
Bayly, brother of the tate Sir Uenry. 

In MarL'h, 1H16, he was appinM 
Lieutenant-Governor of Guernsey, ud 
he commanded the troops in GuerBM^ 
snd Alderney liU June, 1B2I. H* M- 
ceired the rank of General m Nor. I M|, 
and was appointed Colonel of the SOiFMIt 
(or King's Regiment) in the mootti ci 
September of the same year. 

He was created a Grand Cross o(da), 
Hanoverian Gurlphic Order, 1&34, ul 
was knighted by King WiUiun the FoniA, 
July le. 1638. 

GkNEKAL STHATrOHD SAUXDIBa. 

April 2. At but seat, Golden Port, op. 
Wicklow, aged 84, General £tcfttiin4 
Saundera. 

He was the son of Morley SanadMii of 
Saunders Grove, esq. by Lady Hartlw 
Stratford, third daughter of Jobo Or<t 
Earl of Aldborough. He entered tl» 
army in Feb- 1778, having obuiiwd u 
Eosigocy iu the Slth regiment, la Oft- 
ceosber of the year foUowiog be parebufA 
hii Lieutenancy io the 90th regiment, ^t 
ptooecded witb it ui tbc wW Inilti^ 



1846.] 



Major-Gen. J. R. Lumlty. — Lifitl.-Col. Crosit. 



nued ti 



a Calabria 






jan, when ihe 
WIS ordertd liomp. havinj out 
ofOi)?thov<and men not B lufficienc nnoi- 
ha to coiDplclP Ihe ettablisliment of tlie 
commiieioaM offirrn and drammeri, the 
mt biTing faUni b; the diffcrenl Btucks 
of Oie cnernT' thf clF^rti oFlhc dimalB, 
md in thr great hurricanF of tbe rear 
ITS3. iti nbifb Lieut. Sinaders had bi> 
■m brake, asd one of tU I»b diilocated, 
•lib tbe loisoftbeirholeof hisbsggsje. 
(br which he recriTed no compeiiMtioD. 
T\e r*fliiient during the abose period 
«■• (rtirety Employed agaiust the iilinds 
of Demrnni, St. Enrtacii, and St. Vin- 
cent. At tbe peace of 1783 LiraC. Sauji. 
ten ws placed on half pa;. Wbeu Ire- 
hnd <nt threatened by an invaiian from 

- Freocb, be was emplujed in fonnini 
nflmenti of TOhintcers, one raifed 

liU nncic tbe EsrI of Aldboroagh. and 
iHi*rbyhi*brother.ic-Uw. Sir Jamci newasp 
Tjlttt, Bart. In 1790 he «ai appointed JdIjt 19, 
to tbe 6lit rwiment, which be aeconi' June 38, 
■niod to Oibnatar in 1:93. Id 1794 he 
McKded to the W«!l Indin, wbera he 
RBtalned nth the rcgimntt io tbe illandi 
tf HCrthiique and St. Lude nearljr (no 

— daring which time he wat prejenE 
•emral nigsgementt ffith Ibe enemy, 
'leqlarlT thoie of the Tiid* Otos Islel, 

Ac Sae. and town of Camagie. He 

England with tbe regiment in 

id of the year 1796. 

In 1 798 he obtained the brent mnV of 

itnwnt-CoIooEl, atilt remaining a* 

M^jorin the 61at regimenl; aod pro- 

ifaihil with it. ia that capacity, to the 

Clfe of Hope, where hi 



He « 



then appointed to 
id of ScjIIa, on the atraiti 
between Calghria aod Meiisina. The V5lh 
of April, IBO^, be received the brevtt of 
Colonel. From Scrlla he accompanied 
lhe6lBt toGibralUr; aodio June, I8U9, 
proceeded to Portogal, and in a sepamte 
command joined, by fu reed march ea, Lord 
M'ellington'a armT. ttte dayii previomlf 
to the battle of tataiera, nbere he bad 
the honour of commanding tbe 6lat rrjti> 
meat, which, by hia Lordibip'a order*, 
waa particularly mentioned for ira gallanlrf 
in that occuion. Being soon after this 
memorable actioa attacked by a rheumalie 
complaint, he obtained leave to tetum Iq 
Lisbon, after which he had the honour of 
being appniated to Lord Wellington'i 
itafT, and from thence proceeded to Eng- 
land, when the rank of Major General 



noted to 



^tbof June, 1 
alofLiei 



nptdltioti agaiDtt the rebellious CalTret. 
8bM aftet bit return from that service, 
~ t Hflment embarked on a «ecret eipe- 
^nt ami, on their arrival at Mocho, 
■■ foond their object was to difpaisec: 
" mcb of the «rong liluatioDa they 
R the coast of Coromandel, and on 
Bft bttlm otthe Nile io Upper Egypt ; 
IbrlhtipiirpaMi they joined the army from 
India, under Central Baird, at the ren- 
deSTOst « (;oEiirc, and IVom thence pro- 
led through the de»erl, and down the 
) 10 Alexandria, wbrrc they joined 
! army under Lord Hntchiaaoo ; the 
"cc aafti l lermuiatiDn of whoae opera. 

^ « it ii mrnenscar; here to menliou. 

• ft* tegiment, after a period of nrstly 
"~ feara* service In Egypt, proctcdid to 
_..a In IWia ; where the command of 
t itsimeni Evolved im Lieut.. Colon el 
odera. who reccitcd hi« Ijeuten^ul. 
gorlry the lOt of March. 180^, in 
4i ha coDliDaed through the campaign 
9r Jamea Craig in Italy and Sicily. 
I tke lattnr idand he waa luft ai aenior 
f #Ule General Sir John Stuart mas 



MAfOB-GlK.J. R. LtnttKr. 

StartA 2. At Feroic^re, India, Ma- 
jor. General Sir Jamea R. Lumley. Colonel 
of the 9tb R^ment of Bengal Native In- 
fantry, and .\iljutant -general of the army, 

Sir J. R. Lumley wb& the eeoior officer 
in ibe Bengal army in aclnal employ, aad 
had been eo for mgjiy yeari. Me coSii 
minded bit regimeot at (he first ai^ of 
Bhurtpore upwards of forty yean ago, and 
had jiut completed hi* fifty yean in India 
■t the lime of hia death. Justly may hn 
be caUed tbe last of the old sohool. 
During tbe period of his service hia 
absence bom his duty was under twi 

Major- General Lumley wns at the cap- 
turn of the Isle of France ; in the first, 
secoud, and third campaigns in NepauL 
in the yean lell. 18ia, and IHIG; and 
in hi: and 1818 he Hrved in the grand 
army with Lord Hastings. Be Wai also 
at Maharajpore and Gwalior. 

He was appointed Colonel of the (^ 
Bengal Native lofaotry May II, I838( 
and attained the rank of Majoi-Genci^i 
Jan. 10. 1S37. 

LiicT.-CoL. CvoseE. 

Ijttlrly. At Ovals St. Crosse, Kingtoik, 
Kerefordshire, Lieut. -Colo Del Joshna 
Croase, late of the 3Gth Foot. 

This officer served in the English militia, 
when tbe I'rencii landed in Ireland, under 
Gen. Humbert, and »■« engaged in n- 
pelted skirmiihrs with the rebels in th«t 
country, in 1798. He volunteered ioto 
tbe 3Etb rrgiuenl in 1799; accompanies 



96 



Vice»Adtn. Garreii^^lUar-Adm. R. T. Hcmeoek. [Jdy, 



it to Belleiale, to assist the Chonans under 
Georges Cadoudal, 1800 ; and wast in garii- 
ton in Minorca, when he offered to resign 
his commission and serre as a cadet in the 
Egyptian army, under Sir John Moore. 
He was appointed to a Lieutenancy in 
1803; accompanied the regiment to Ha- 
nover, under Lord Cathcart, in 1805, the 
Duke of Wellington commanding the bri« 
gade (8th, 3b*ch. 3d,) ; went to Soath 
America, in 1806, under Major-Gen. R. 
Crawfurd , was attached to the 38th regi- 
ment as Captain (having been promoted, 
1st Dec. 1806, in the 5th garr. batt.) but 
remained with the 36th in the advance, 
until the campaign finished ; commanded 
the skirmishing party which repulsed a 
body of cavalry, killing their commanding 
oflScer and several of his troopers ; was 
wounded by a rifle shot, in the action of 
the 4tb July, whilst covering the regiment; 
hit a^ain in entering the town with the 
tto^ming party, at Buenos Ayres, on the 
5th July ; was present at the capture of 
the two guns, under Gen. Bump, from 
the smallest of which he drove the last 
man, who held the drag-rope, the tumbril 
beiuK abandoned at the same time ; and 
took the commanding oflScer of artillery 
in single combat, after disarming him, at 
the outer castle-gate. He was replaced 
in the 36th regiment in 1807 ; Toluoteered 
to serve in Spain at the revolution, and, 
whilst at the Royal Military College, was 
■elected and sent out to command the 
Guerillas. He offered his services to Gen. 
Campbell, LieuL-Governor at Gibraltar, 
the night before the expedition sailed to 
Fuengirola ; wis in the advance at the 
attack of the castle, and wounded in the 
action next day, whilst cx)mmanding the 
picket. Havin;; joined the rei^iment of 
foreigners, he headed an hundred of them, 
when they advanced from the line. In 
1811 he volunteered his services at Ta* 
riffa, in company with a junior officer ; col- 
lected the Guerillas of Aretin and neigh- 
bouring villages, and led them next night 
(composing the advance) to the attack and 
capture of Vejer-de-la-Prontera ; and was 
present at the battle of Barrosa, where he 
saved the life of the General of division, 
Count Ruffin, second in command to the 
Duke of Belluno, when four fellows were 
about to stab him, whom he put to flight. 
He joined the regiment in Spain, in June 
181 1 ; was appointed, after the Salamanca 
campaign. Military Commandant of San- 
tarem, and subsequently of Figueira, by 
the Duke of Wellington. A military or- 
der was decreed him by the Cortes, in 
1811 ; and in 1818, his Catholic Majesty 
conferred upon him the Crowned Cross of 
St. Ferdinand, at the recommendation of 
the Duke of Weilington, Lord Lyuedoch, 
1^ 



and Sir Michael Alava. The King of 
France, in 1815, decorated him with the 
Order of the Lily. 

ViCB-AdmIRAL GAmKBTT. 

AfiT'l 15. At his residence near Got- 
port, after many yean* severe iQaeitt 
aged 73, Henry Garrett, esq. Tioe-Admir 
ral of the White. 

He was the son of Daniel Garrett, esq. 
of Portsmouth, and first went to sea in 
1787, in the Hebe frigate, under that dis- 
tinguish!^ officer the late Admiral Sir E. 
Thomborough. He was made a Lieute- 
nant in 1793, and appointed to the Prin- 
cess Royal, 98, the flag-ship of Rear- 
Adm. GoodalL During the occupation of 
Toulon, he served on shore with a partj 
of seamen beloni^ing to that ship. He 
commanded the Trial cutter as a lieate- 
nant, and during the two or three years 
he had her was very suecessfol in cap- 
turing a French privateer of greater force, 
and assisting in the destruction of a 
French frigate and cutter off Havre. In 
1798 he was made Commander in the 
Alecto fire-ship. In 1799 he had the 
Calypso. He got his post commission 
Sept. 16, 1799. In the year 1802 Cap- 
tain Garrett commanded the Texel, 64, 
but was paid off at the peace of Amiens. 
In 1803 he commanded the Southampton 
district of Sea Fencibles ; and for about 
three years he was in command of the 
Kent, Ville de Paris, and Rojral Sove- 
reign ships of the line. In 1808 he was 
appointed to the Victualling department 
at Deptford, and held it for twelve years. 
He was then transferred to the same de- 
partment at Gosport, and also made Go- 
vernor of Haslar Hospital, the two offices 
being combined; and he retained them 
until 1840, when he was promoted to be 
a retired fltg officer. 

He became a widower in 1812. His 
eldest son, acting Lieutenant of the Cur- 
lew, died at Bombay in 1819. His sister 
was the wife of the late Admiral Purvis. 



Rear-Adii. R. T. Hancock. 

March 5. At his residence in Wey- 
mouth, in his 89d year. Rear- Admiral 
Richard Turner Hancock. 

He entered the navy in 1778, and was 
Midshipman of the Formidable in Rod- 
ney *8 action in 1782. He was made a 
Lieutenant in 1789. He served for eleven 
years as Senior Lieutenant, ani held that 
rank in the Hussar, Capt. (afterwards Sir 
John) Beresf^rd, in the action off the 
Ciiesapeake, when two English sail beet 
off a squadron of six of the enemy's shifM. 
In 1800 he was promoted to the rank of 
Commander, and posted Sept. 25, 1806. 
He subsequently served as ilaj-Ciqi>t«in to 



1846.] Obitvakv.— Commander Cawiny. — ^ir T. SorelL 

RofAdm. the Hon. Michael de Coaccr. 



OD the South- Amsrican lUIioD. mhen he 
*u ID commind of Iht Foudroysot at the 
lieriod oF the airival of the Rayat Funllj 
in tb< Bruiti, Cuptaia H uncock at- 
tfaeted the notice and dleem of the Re- 

Ct, oho offertd him ui order of knight- 
d; hut a deeoretioa not purcbawd by 
Mnira before the enemy «aa modestly 
dtdinfd. ind the Regent Ihen preaeoted 
Captain Hiucock with hi* portrait set 
«i^ diuuondi in a rnluable gold lauS- 
b«i, Reir-Adm. Hancock obuined hii 
S*|-nU)k at llie Inct general promotion, 
Bitda in honour of ihe birth of the Prince 
of Walea. iD Koi. 1611. 

or tat runily hy hi> lint vife, the 
dtnghter of Rear-Admiral Kinoier, one 
too. Lieut. James Kinnier Hancock, R.N. 
«bluBed his present rank in 1K43, on the 
iwomoiendHtion of bi* Captiin, foraer- 
Tieca in Chimi. 



97 

war with Tippoo Saib having beRome im- 
ninenl. the S4th regiment proceeded from 
the Cspe to India. Shortly after hia ar- 
rival Lieut. Sorell was placed on the staff 
of an expedition which proceeded to the 
Red Sea to take ptxseuion of the iilaod 
of Ferim. HU health having auffered 
meretji by the haidshijis of the aerrlce, 
he returned to Europe on ■ sick certifi- 
cale, and succeeded to a company in the 
year ISUI. and in 1803 was pUci^ on the 
Home staff u Major of Brigade. In 1803 
he joined the eipeditiun under General 
Baird agninst the Cape of Good Hope, a* 
Assistant Adjutani •general, and wai sent 
fornard in s frinTe ua a npecial minion 
Having retoroed from 



COHMI 

JprU 29. 
jaar, Cotumander John Ci 

He wu Midsbipi 

■Bd «u ilightl) wounded 

a ot the glor 



,. R.N. 



of tl 



ofjuc 



, 1794; 



y Mate of the Providtnce 
*Ofapi of ditcoveni from 1*94 tu I79S ; 
wu B^e a Lieutenant in liiOD ; Lieute- 
naat of the Dmlalus, and commanded a 
nn-boat at the blocksdc of Batavia and 
dnlractlon of the dockyard ; in the 
StrmiU of itancn engnged a fleet of proas, 
Hahing five and capturing one. and was 
•ererrty iujuied by the clploiion of tlie 
■MCuise i lieutenant of the Touragieui 
•t lb> capture of Unois' aquadmri, and of 
As Pouone at the capture of St. Sebas- 
tia* in 18(3, and commanded the Grecian 
inltii in tbe Weit Indies, and destroyed 
a pirate sehooner mounting eight guns, 
•ad thtn guii-boats, in 1823. Having 
Ml mil uid diitinguiehed himwif aa a 
Lteotenaat for a ijuarter of s ceotary, he 
vna imde Commander ia 182^, and In 
IBS' bad a Grreawicb out-pensiou of Sil. 
pcranaum conferred apoD him. 

SibThohas Sobbi-i.. 

t/arri 24. At Veuice, in his 10th year, 

lieut.-C<>loael Sir Thomas Sondl, K. H. 

Bnuh Codinl-geDersI for the Lombardo- 



1^ diitinguisbed officer and worthy 
■an enlercd the ariny in 1795, hy pur- 
dnae. ■• *a Ensign in the second Dat- 
t»lh«<l of tlie »4lh regiment, anU having 
fersn promolrJ to a Lieutenancy in the 
mna OOtps, h; embarked with Ihe first 
batUltM, and Juioed the aecond at the 
CnpB •( Oood Uope. where the two bat- 
^UfMM <mc caaaolidated. In I'ya a 

OsvT. Mac. Vol. XXVI, 



the Cape, he was promoted in 
majority in Bradshaw'a Levy, andin 180B 
he served as Military Secretary and Aid- 
de-Csmp to Sir Da>id Baird in Spaia. 
and waa present at the battle of Cornnna. 
He afterwards served till the peace u 
Assistant Quartermaster-general of the 
Eastrni District of Grmt BriUiUi and 
in IH14 became Lieut. -Colonel by brevet. 
In V'^O he went to Ireland, and served 
■s Military Secretary in that couotry 
under Sir David Baird and Sir Samuid 
Achmnty, and in 18S7 he retired from 
the service, retaining his rank as Lieat.- 
Colonel in the army. 

In 1830 Colouel Sorell was appointed 
to the Consular service in Spain, from 
whence he was ordered, at the cmnmence- 
mrnt of the civd war in Portugal, to 
Oporto, and was present rather as a Po- 
litical Agent than as Consul, duriug the 
whole of llie blockade and siege of that 
city. His conduct wan considered by 
Government as giving him a claim to spe- 
cial approbatiDn. and he wa* created a 
Knight of the Royal Gnelphic Order. 
In 1834 he vitf appointed CoDsnl-general 
for the Lombardo- Venetian stales; and 
hii departure from Oporto was accompa- 
nied by the grsteful acknowledgmenta and 
regrets of alt the British residents, (who 
presented him with a very handsome ail- 
ter vase, as a testimonial of their grati- 
tude and esteem) and every class of the 
papalation over whose interests and safety 
he hod, in those days of peril and diffi- 
culty, constuitly watched. In 163a the 
Queen of Portugal created him a Knight 
CoLomander of the royal military order of 
San Bento d'Avis, which Her Majesty 
Queen Victoria was graciously pleased to 
permit him to accept. 

in 183G Sir Thomas Sorell was in. 
structed to move his residence frcm Milan 
to lYiestc. where he wan aiationrd during 
the last ten years ; and his health, already 
much impaired by active service in three 
^turtcrs of the globe, was seriously d«tci 



99 Obituary,^^. T. Foley, Esq.— TV. T- Ashurst, jPif. [J^^^J, 



riorated by the rapid and constant changes 
of temperature to which that seaport 
is sabject ; nor could the mineral waters, 
to which he had recourse, subdue the 
disease — congestion of blood to the heart 
and lungs. The complaint had become 
too confirmed for him to derive any bene- 
fit even from the climate of Venice, 
whither he obtained permission to trans* 
fer his residence, and where he arrived in 
Oct. 1845. At Christmas the malady 
returned with increased force, and resisted 
every effort of medical aid. His inter- 
ment took place on the 27 tb, with sudi 
military honours, rendered by the Arch- 
duke Frederick in person, and by the 
Imperial staff, as are usually paid to a 
General Officer in the Austrian service; 
his memory receiving also every distinc- 
tive mark of respect, both from the Arch- 
duke Viceroy, and from all the imperial 
military and civil authorities, as well as 
firom the English then at Venice. 



Edwaed Thomas Foley, Esq. 

March 30. At Stoke Edith Park, He- 
refordshire, aged 54, Edward Thomas 
Foley, esq. D.C.L. 

He was cousin of Lord Foley, and 
brother-in-law to the Duke of Montrose. 
He was born Dec. 21, 1791, the elder ton 
add heir of the Hon. Edward Foley, M.P. 
for CO. of Worcester 1774-1803, (second 
son of the first Lord,) by his second wife 
and cousin Eliza- Maria Foley, daughter 
and heir of John Hodgetts, of Prestwood, 
CO. Stafford, esq. He was a member of 
Brazenose college, Oxford, where the de- 
l^ee of M.A. was conferred upon him in 
1812, and afterwards that of D.C.L. 

Mr. Foley ser\'ed as sheriff for Here- 
fordshire in 1815. He was elected M.P. 
for Ludgershall in 1826-1830 and 1831 ; 
and for his native county at the general 
elections of 1832, 1835, and 1837. He 
retired from Parliament in 1841 ; the en- 
feebled state of his health rendering him 
incapable of enduring the fatigues attend- 
ant upon that honourable position. 

Mr. Foley was a consistent supporter 
of constitutional principles. He opposed 
the removal of Roman Catholic Disabili- 
ties in 1829, and the Reform BiU in 1831. 
In private life he was sincerely respected 
and beloved, as a husband, from his de- 
voted affection ; as a brother, from his 
unexampled paternal affection ; as a land- 
lord, from his great consideration; and 
as a poor man^s friend, from his unvary- 
ing benevolence. 

Mr. Foley married, Aug. 16, 1832, 
Lady Emily Graham, fourth daughter of 
James third Duke of Montrose ; and to 
)ier ladyihipt who sunrives him, without 



issue, he hat made an absolute bet|iiost gf 
his immense estates. 

His funeral took place on the 7th 
April, when bis mortal remaini were In- 
terred in the family vault in Stoke E^^ 
church-yard. It it calculated that S00( 
persons were present The proeessknl 
moved from the mansion in th^ fonowlii| 
order : — 

Semntf of the deceued. 

Medical Attendaots. 

The Body, attended by the foUowing ffV 

Bearers : 

Rev. W. Dowding. Rev. J. H. Maplflton. 
Rev. T. Phillips. Rev. T. Romoey. 
Rev. T. H. Bird. Rev. J. P. SilL 
Rev.F.Merewetber. Rev. J. Hua|faes. 
Rev. L. E. Brown. Rev. R. J. Wiight. 
Rev. T. P. Phelps. Rev. C. J. Bird. 

Chief Mourners. 

Sir H. Lambert, Bt Viscount Gage. 
Earl Powis. Lord W. Grehem. 

Hen. Lambert, esq. Hon. Hen. Ga|e. 
Viscount Clive. Chas. Lambert, ei|}. 
R. F. Onslow, esq. Lord Foley. 

Agents of the late Mr. Folej ; C. 4* 
Mason, esq., Mr. Roberts, — Bameby, 

esq. 

Forty Tenants, two and two. 

Tradesmen, &c. &c. 

The service was read by the Ven. Arob- 
deacon Onslow, a relative of Mr. FolBy. 

William Henrt Ashhuhst, Es^. 

JuneZ, At Waterstock, Oxfordshira, 
in his 68th year, William Henry As&- 
hurst, esq. a deputy-lieutenant and i 
gistrate for that county, and formerly 
of its representatives in Parliament. 

Mr Ashhurst was the eldest son of ttr 
William Henry Ashhurst, one of the 
Justices of the King's Bench, by Graoty 
daughter of Robert Whalley, M.D. df 
Oxford. 

He succeeded his father at Waterstodi 
in 1807, and served the office of Sheritffrf 
Oxfordshire in 1810. 

During fifteen years he represented ib» 
county in Parliament, and withdrew firom 
the representation in the year 1 830 ; thowh 
if he had chosen to continue in that piS> 
lie position, no one could have donhtod 
of his triumphant return, in tiie flfffTtlTin 
of that year. He was for many jmn 
Chairman of the Quarter Sei^|iflBSp and 
his calm and admirable dischsige OJP tiial; 
onerous office, vrith the manly aiKl benevo- 
lent character of his countenancot will yqa^ 
be remembered. Forgotten the Uttv 
will not be, even after the generation ^^^ 
personally remember him havp Pi|H^ 
away, so long as the «(GeUeat P^MK 



184S.] Obitdar?— G. R. M, Warii. Exq.~P. Purcell, Esq. 9fl 



paJDtcd for tbr Cooat; Hall, rettiu iu 
■oloara. H« »b> alao President of the 
Dxfbrdiliire Agricullunit Sodet;, totthich 
dike he *u elected in 1837. bd J a Trustee 
«f Dr. RadcniTe-s Ch>ritj. He had been 
in hiling health for some time ; indeed an 
accident with which he met lome months 
uee, bjr a b!l Tram hia gig, niuiit bare 
been • mere ihock to bim. He wu, 
bovever, able to pteiide at i Protection- 
iat meedDg lul November in Oirord, and 
ha* aince then uccaaioDally joined the 
bench of magi si rates. But i^miitoina of 
dropijt canied serious apprehenBions to be 
eBtertained by his fnetiila. Tbe disease, 
as u often tbe cast, increased rapidly at 
tke laat, and was saddenly fatal. 

Hil death baa thrown a gloom over 
■ttt whole countj ; cbeerful. generous, 
•ad food, be fulfilled the character of a 
thocon^ English CDuntrf gentleman. 
combloed with that of tbe higher charac- 
Ur »f a Chrislian : and be it followed to 
Ae gnte b; the tcjira and bleaslnga of 
man;, bj tbe respect and regret of all. 



(Ington. It it tdppoaed that, to avMd 
•wing ■ phyiician, he endeav oarrd to climb 
from one bslcoDT to niiothcr. and. in m 
doing, fell on some rails, the spikes of 
wbidi enterrd his abdomen, and he died 
in about an hour afterwurds, Tbe JDry 
returned a verdict. " Thnl the decEated 
died from the tStcti of the injuries he rt- 
ceived b; falling From a wiadow, being at 
the time of noaoaad miud.'' 



ard of It 



tUni 



la geDtleman was the eldest ton of tiie 
Imte Bn. JMchiel Ward, Rector of 
Sciftey and Marston, in Norrolk, who died 
U 1841. (Tide Gent. Mu. March 180, 
p. 331), and waa educatecl at Winchester 
aad TfiniEj college, Uiford. He obtained puhlishe 
«• diatinctioo of being placed in the£nd 
dMa, botb in Classics and in Mutheautici. 
Ar bia nwnbilion for Lis degree of 
ft.jLHav7TenD. 1S22. 

Ha wal called to the bar bv the Bon. 
SMietjr of Uncoln's Inn, June'19, t8?2. 



Petkh Pttmcti-i., E«a. 
JIfay 55. In Sutland'Square, Dublin, 

Peter Puroell, esq. 

He was son of the late Dr. PoTmH, 
and has been thus noticed lo one of tb« 
Dublin papers : " Ardently devoted to hla 
butiinesa Mr. Parcel! long ahifoted him- 
self from the arena of public life, bnt 
when be entered the lists he took the 
popular side and became a bold and en- 
thnaiaetic assertor oF popolar lights sad 
privileges. Hispoliticil career was abort, 
and may admit of comment ; bnt on hit 
retirement from tbe scene be rommenced 
a course of practical utility, which bal ael- 
46, dom if ever been equalled by any private 
iadiiidiul in this country. His knowledge 
at husbandry, and of tbe vast consequent 
to tbe Irish people of general and riteoded 
employment, led him totnrn bia attention 
to the eubjeet ; and while the public mind 
was much distracted, in tbe year IH4D, by 
the circulation of principles wbieb he be< 
lieved to be unsound and injuriona, he 
bis memaiable letters on tbe 
I of tbe land, which led to Ih« 
formation of an institution, with which 
his name has tinoe been identified. Deeply 
impresied with the conviction that the 



ofial 



M Ibc flrst in a series of all the Collegiate he embodied his centimeDls in an appeal 
Codeii Thit was followed, in 1841, by which was responded to by all dasse* ; 
Ac pnblication of the Statutes of All and tbe Royal Agricultural Improvement 
Seala, witb a toog explanatory prefikce. Society now elsodi as a living record of 
h 1843 appeaiwl ■ translation of the the aaondaeu of his vieHE, and of the 
ion Statutes of Bikhoji Foi, for ealimatiou in which they were held by the 
pnblic. While others were distracting 
the public mind with abstract questions, 
Mr. Purcelt stood forth to piescli the ar- 
guments of reaion and common tense.and 
10 teach all classes of aociety tbal there 
was no short cut to national or lodirldaal 
prosperity ; that in tbe application of 
Ubonr lo the ctlltjvatlou of soil, and the 
introduction of new and acknowledged 
imprOTcaieiiti in hosbondry, Uy tbe chivf 
hope of elevating the prospects of th:£ 
coaotrv, or ameliorating tbe condiHob oT 
its tuffeilog inhabitants/' 

Mr, PurceU Is reporttd !« Ivt been 



1S17, 
r of the 

•nl, eaa. of Aenafield, near Manchester, 
«■! W Ttinitr college, Cambridge ; and 
Ifr. Varj was actively engaged In super- 
~ \ the pnblicBtion of other calle- 



Wud^ death occurred under very 

"* '* drcomalancet at the bou*« irf 

Xtt. O^r Ward, at Ken- 




! 



Obituaky. — Count Ctutini. — Ree. G. Newh}/. l^f^f^ 



cxt««ding1y wealthy, harinf i 

fnrtnnc amounting to (omrl 
170,000/. 






Get. U, 1845, Aged 97, J»cque« Do- 
mioic Cuaini. Count Cualni, the dis- 
UnKUiabnl nttrouomer. 

1 IC7I to 1793, tint ii 



object! orpceuliarintcrcfttotliebUt 
iDqairer. Cammnnil; of oime md blood 
nw^nifies even the iig(:rfgBl« smouiiti of 
ibe Buccetsca of the Cisaiuis, the Ber- 
nouillii, the LemoDniera, tbc Mvildii. 
the Lakndea, ind the Hencheli." 



May». 



Rkv. Geui 
I Whi 



ranndiCioo of Ibe Pbto C)b«ervali>ry till 6J, the Rct. George Newby, Rector of 

the period of the Retolutian, it wu oc- that pu-isb. 

mipied bj the fmir Casunis in (Qceeuion. Tbii worthr and eicellent piriih print 

TbeUaloftbeif, the CogntCairini, whose wbb ■ Mia of M r. Newbj, fonnerly niBiter 

■leolh we now record, waa for Mroe year* of Baminghim achool, io the cuunty of 

director of the Obiemtory. member of York, and received h» eJucadon, it ia 

theAcadeinirofSci«nc«,aud>nbBei]iiently belieicd, at tha Colle^ ot Si. Oeea in 

of the Inatitute. In 17^9 he made a pre- Cujnberland. He berHiiic oiusler of the 

Io tbe National Aawnibly of the great Grammsr-tchooi of Whitton-lc-Wev, 00. 



map of France, in order 
operation of dividing it into drpartmeati. 
Ill doing wbicb be ouiated. Hcwat.how- 
CTcr, driven nut of office by the National 
Conventian, at tbe time when he wu 
preBiing upoD them the re- conitractioii of 
the Obaervatory aod the introdncCiDn of 
modem iaitruDienu. Id 180t tbe im- 
perial fcuvcrauicnt gare him tbe cross of 
the legion of hononr ; and when the In- 
ilitnte was converted into the Royal 



Durham, which he long conducted with 
great reputation and nucceis ; and held a 
amall churili preferment ia connecliaa 
tberewiib. About 1831, on the removal 
oftheRer. J. Cundill, Vicar of .Siockioo- 
upon-Tees, in Ibe iume county and dio- 
ceu, to [be tiling of ConisclilTe, Mr. New. 
by succeeded him as Vicar of Stockton ; 



L up t 



i. pri- 



ll ia work» were,'-" A Voyage made by prefermeol he held about fourteen yean: 

tbe order of the King, in 1769 anJ 1769, and ptrhapa no previous Vicar of thai town 

to prote the Marine Watches invented by gained greater or more deaeried respect 

M, Leroy ;" " A Voyage made to Csli- than Mr. Neaby. Though theTilneof hit 

foraia by the tale Chappe d'Auteroche ;" beneAce waa tmall, and liia parochial da- 

"On the lufueuceof [he Vernal Equinox ties onrroua, hi> charity and beneficence to 

add the Summer SolsUce on the Decline- the poor were ao eiteniive oa to be quit* 

tion and Variation of tbe Magnetic proverbial ; and it baa been obacrved by 

Needle ;'' " DeUil of the Operaliona in those well acqnainted with hie habitt, 

France, in 1787, for uniting the Obaerra- that hia private purae was never cloaed to 

tioos of Paris and Greenwich ;" '■ Me- any object of Dieri[, affliction, or poverty 

moira towards composing a Kiatory of within the precinct) of hi&paiiah. During 

Prance and of the Ubsmstory of Paris, his residence at StOikton, Triniiy Charch 

followed by a Life of Caaaini, the first of in tba[ toKa waa erected ; Mr. Ncwby 

the name, written by himself.'' (The having been one of its most atienuous 

works of the predecrnsora of liia family projectora. 

will be found enumerated in WnU'a Bib- Having gained the reipect and affectioo 

Uotbeca Britannica.) of all cUuiea at Stoi'ktou- upon -Tees — 

Ithaibeen remarkedinthereDentannual even of those whom many clergymen 

report of the AstronomicalSocietyofLoD- would have found a difficulty in concili- 

don, that " Though the Count had retired ating— Mr. Newby had eonf<riTpd upon 

From the pursuit of aalronomy lung brtbre him in l))'J4, by Bishop Multby. the 

the formaCion of the Aolroaomical Society, Rectory of Whickhain, also in the county 

and waa not, therefore, one of our asao- and diocese of Dnrh 
evertbeless, impomlhle ti 



pass over io ailence the 
ancient hereditary race 
Though such an hereditary drnaaly waa 
not found very favourable to the interef is 
of astronomy, aa tending to perpetuate the 
ideas and methods of tt> founder in lieu of 
introducing acknonledged improiements 
, family groupi 



donble the valoe of Stockton vicarage] ; 
if tbia and on his collation tbiiher, hia parishion- 
ers of Stockton -upon -Tees preaenled him 
with plate, in teilimDny of their high 
'" ■ " ■ discharge 



Mr. Newby was (in k Wood's sense) 
' a true aon of the Church." Warm 
■arled, friendly, charitable U 



tlngoished pluloK|iben must alwaya be manly, firm, boneat, upright and eoDMi* 



Clergy Decea lerf. 



101 



J ution of hia UFe, hU 



■r for wonh b 
nmdered him twlaitd bj a'l 
Um. ind caused him Xa h« 



nirried Mim Crawford, bj whom 
te had ibrre wni and one dio^hicr. 
One of bu fooogrr snn>, tbc Rev. George 
N*«bj, Canir of Siocbton (.' A.M. of 
St. Jahn't college, Cambridge), prede- 
OMKd him DniDirried ; aod his dioghter 
bKUDe the vife of the Rev. H. Winlcll. 
Bactor of WinUtoo, Durham. Hit two 
nninng mus. both unmirricd, ire. Wil- 
Eui Crawford Newbv, c»q. n solicilor ■! 
Stockton- npon-Teci. (kte cf the lirm of 
Ba; lejr and Nt^wb;, mho diitoWed panner- 
■Up a few maDthii bi») ! and the Rev. 
Xirt Newhv, who hat Chon-h ptcfer- 
[■Mt is theNunh. 



April 3. At StourtoTi, Wilts, iged 38, 
the RcT. Richard Peltr Hoarr. M.A.. 
Rector of that pariah. He wai the third 
«0D of Tclcr Richard Hoare. eaq. of 
KrUef Park, Kent, hyAnbella-Penclope- 



and c 



irofjan 



I 



CLERGY DECEASED. 

K*rch 96. At Thorpe Green, s^ed 4?. 
the R««. Bimv»d Boliintan, M.A. Curale 
ef Gnat Oiuebarn, Yorkshire. 

At Brighloo, ID his 33d jear, the Rev. 
AifrtJ Spaldiag. lite of Trinilj colleEf , 
CMibridge, B.A. 1^4. 

iMtUlf, At an idvaDeei] age, the Rer. 
AiHwr Jnlagh. for twEnly-mne yean 
bctor of Moj'gUire, cu. Meath. 

^ftil 1. At DiiUtOQ. Cnmherland, 
■Etd TS. the Rer. Walttr FIrleArr, Vicar 
■f DalUoa and Laionby, Chancrllor of In 

|h« £aoBie of Carlisle and o Prebendary aged 
tl Tork. He wa» origimtiy from Derby- " 
Aii^ and wai tutor to the present Duke 
•r Beaufort, Sir Janies Graham, Bart. 
Md all the son* of the late Sir James 
Graham, of Nrthrrby. He succeeded 
■ ■ ■ Palcy in the ticarage of Dal- 

3, on ihe collation of BiihoiJ 
ArchbUhopofYork. 



Greene, of Turton. i 

nas of Trinity coll<«e. Cambridge.' B.A. 

If!30 ; and was preseoted to the rectory 

of Slonrton, by hU oncle, Sir Rirhird Colt 

Hoare. BarL id IS3S. Mr. Hoan waa 

unmarried. 

/iprii 4. At Atherstone, WarwicVihire, 
aged 74, the Rer. J«)ia Milektl. Rec- 
tor of the united parishes of St. Nichalsa 
Cole.ahbey and St. Nicholas OhiTea, in 
the City of London. He wai of War. 
cealer college. Oiford. M.A. 1797, and 
was presented to his liring in 1817. 

At Tollington Park, Islington, aged 
80, the ReT, Jottph Claude Mtffrt. 
Chaplain to the French Hotpilal. Balb 
Sueel, London. 

ApHI 3. At his father's residence, 
ScBiborough, aged 27, Ih- Rer. Rtukard 
Moortom. B.A. Vicar of Seaham, Dur- 
ham. He was of Unircrsity college, 
Oiford. 

Afirit 9. In London, aged 79, the Ser. 
Htmry bblh Count Rttai. of the bouse of 
Gostriiz, in Voigtland. The Count wa« 
the minister of the MoraiiaD chapel at 
Bath, from the aututnn of I8S1, to the 



daagbter of the I 
his falh. 






grille-street, Bmniwick-t«|nare, 
the ReT. /. B. XVrlght, late 
Carstr of Tuddenham, near Ipswich. 

Af,ril 14. At Keiininghsll. Norfolk, 
aged 7H. the Rev. Williapi Killetl, Vicar 
of that parish. He was of Fembroke 
college, Cambridge, H.A. 1792, and waa 
presented to his living in 1820, by Dr. 
Sparke. then Bishop of Ely, the patron, 
^rif 16. At tbe re.'-idence of his ancle 
Fletcher married the the Rer. J. Shscklcy. York, aged SS. tha 
Rev. Dr. Grisdale. Rev. Jamn Ritharilion, B.A. nephew to 
■ath of the Rev. F. Richardson, and great-uephew 



r.in-U«, in 1814, he succeeded 
raot chaaccUnnhip of the diocese. 
He bu left but one suriltin; daughter, 
tbe *i(* of Robert Hodgson, et<|. of 
~ sll, TTcenlly high sheriff of the 
ilr. Pletclier waa suddenly seized 
I hb fatal illneas when perfon 




inday, Mar 



iS9. 



t f. Aged 5i, ihe Rev, FnacU 

ir of Bsrcheston, War- 

t of Pembroke eollrge, 

OUotd, wnd •>■• instituted to his living in 

the Rev. Jonathan Trthrek. 

Camhridgrihira. He 

ih, Oxford, and was 

living in IS3» by tbe 

DfEly. 



tbe Rei. Jsme> Richordaon, Sub- 
Chanter of York cathedral. 

At Cheltenham, sgcd 73, tbe Rer. 
WilliBiti MorifBn W/talltj, Inenmbeot of 
Wollbam Holy Cross, Essei. to which he 
wu preaented in 1195 by Ihe trnstees. 

April 19. At Eimoutb, Devonshire, 
sged42,theRec.»eflrvD0rir)irsrd,M.A. 
Vicar of Felmenhimi Bucks. Ue was 
of Trinity collide. Cambridge, M.A. 1B28. 
and was prewnted to bia living by that 
society in 1697. 

April S2. At Dublin, the Rrv. TTUmiu 
Grti/g. Curate of St. Catbirine's, Dublin. 

The Rev. Jain Fopf. M.A. late of St. 
Jnhn's college, Oxford, Miniiter of 
BarrieAeld church, Kingston, Upper 
Canada. 



108 Chrgy beeetueJI. [iwjf^ 

April 25. At KirkhAiith, Korthnmber. Afaf 7. At Kiogftdown, Bristol, fM 
land; aged 43, the Rev. Edward Bigland, Rev. Thomat WiUiam Weit^ yonngeii 
Rector of that pariah, to which he was son of the late Rev. Lewis R. West. 

presented in 1835 by Mrs. Richardson. May 8. At Aston Cantlow, Warw. 
At Malta, aged 26, the Rev. Armitage aged 78, the Rer. Richard Simeoe Cari», 

jporhtM. Vicar of that parish, to which he was tn- 
AtMadorligh rectory, the Ref./UeAar(f stituted in 1809> the ad?owson bdng in 

JkfhMOn Jftothe, Rector of Kilmichael, co. his own patronage. 

Cork. Aged 71, the Rev. CkrUtopher Mamm^ 

Jpril 26. At Comworthy vicarage, De- Vicar of Bramfield. and Perpctnal Ctirate 

▼onshire, aged 97, the Rev. Chat. Barter, of Brosyard, Suffolk. He was presented 

for serenteen years Vicar of that parish, to the latter chnrch in 1818 by the Ead 

to which he was institutedin 1775, it being of Stradbroke, and to the former in 1850 

III his own patronage. He was father of by the Lord Chancellor, 

the Rev. R. S. Barter, Warden of Win- May 10. At Blaisdon, Gloucestershire, 

cheater college. the Rev. WUliam Bfaek, Rector of that 

April 97. In Regent Street, West- parish, and of Lillington, Dorsetshini. 

minsteri die Rev. Richard Q. Shannon, He was of Brazenose college, Ozfora, 

Rector o^ Clonmeihan, co. Dublin, and a M.A., 1794, was instituted to Blaisdon in 

h«bendai^ of St. Patrick's. 1 798, and to Lillington a few years ago. 

Aprii 29. At his residence, near Balli- Mayll. At Billingborough, Lincoln- 
bay, Ireland, theVLc^JHereutetLangriihe. shire, aged 77, the Rev. Thomaa Laihtnn, 
At Wexford, aged 54, the Rev. Janus Vicar of Billingborough and Sempringham. 
White, Rector of Ballybrennan, in the He was presented to the former church im 
diooese of Ferns, and formerly Chaplain 1803, by Earl Fortescue, and t6 the latter 
to Bethel Ghapel, Kincstown. iii 1826, by the same patron. 

Suddenly, of paralysis, in the chapel of May 15. At Sandon, Essex, aged 86. 

Berse Drelincourt, near Wrexham, the the Rev. George Hewitt, Rector of thai 

Rev. Thomas Jones, Perpetual Curate* of parish, and Vicar of Witten, Norfolk. Re 

the same, and of Minera, to which united was presented to the latter living in 17^1, 

ehapelries he was collated in 1819 by Dr. by Dr. Home then Bishop of Norwich, and 

Luxmoore, then Bishop of St. Asaph. of the former, in 1834, by the President aUd 

May 1. Aged 32, the Rev. James Ex- Fellows of Queen* s coUege, Cambridge. 

ley Adams, B.A. of Exeter college, Ox- May 1 6. At Wimbish, Essex, aged 40, 

Ibrd, eldest and only surviving son of the the Rev. JohM Greensall, M. A. Vicar or 

Rev. John Exley Adams, of Melbury that parish. He was of St John's college, 

Abbas, Dorsetshire. Cambridge, and was presented to Wimbish 

At BrockhurSt, near Gosport, aged 25, in 1839, by H. M. Raymond, esq. He 

the Rev. Frederick William Ryle; M.A. married in the same year Mary- Anne, 

Incumbent of Elson, and Fellow of second daughter of the Rev. Charles 

Brasenose college, Oxford. George, Rector of Wicken, Essex. 

May 2. At Ridlington, Rutlandshire, May 17. At St. Tudye, the Rev. 
aged 74, the Rev. Charles Swann, Rector Charles Hodgson, Rector of that parish, 
w that parish, and of Edmondthorpe, co. and a magistrate for the county of Corn- 
Leicester. He was presented to the former wall. He was formerly a student of Christ 
living in 1804 by Sir G. N. Noel, Bart. Church, Oxford, and was presented to hb 
and to the latter in 1811, by Lord Chan- living by that society in 1817. 
ceUor Eldon. May 18. At Buxton, aged 63, the Rev. 
May 6. At Ryde, Isle of Wight, aged William Mallet Hoblyn, Rector of Clipi- 
53, the Rev. Philemon PownaU Bastard, ham, Rutlandshire. He was of Christ 
late Rector of Hanworth, Middlesex, Church, Oxford, M.A. 1811, and was 
Chaplain to H. R. H. the Duke of Cam- ])rcsented to his living in 1845. 
bridge, and to the Rt. Hon. Lord Ten- At Dalton, near Ulverstone, Lancashire, 
terden. He was the last surviving son of aged 38, the Rev. William Spenee, fonncfljr 
the late Edmnnd Bastard, esq. of Sharp- of St. John's college, Cambridge, B. A. 
haM, Devonshire. 1832. 

At Discdve, near Bruton, aged 69, the May 19. At Cockiugton, Devonshire, 

Rev. John Goldesbrough, B.D. Rector of aged 70, the Rev. Roger Malloei. 

Slymbridgc, Glouc. and Perpetual Curate At St. Anne's, Eoniscorthy, the ft'ev. 

of Redlynch, Somerset. He was of Corpus Charles Pendleton, Rector of Fethard, co. 

Christi college, Cambridge, M.A. 1799 ; Wexford. 

was presented to Slymbridge in 1813 by May 20. At Mona Cliff, Isle of Man, 

dalen college, Oxford, and to Red- aged 69, the Rev. Rowland JSgertam 




lyndi in the same year, by Sir R. C. Warburton, of Norley Bank, FVodahaok 
Toare, Bart. Cheshire, Rector of DavetUuun, in Ui^ 



1646.3 



Clergy Veceaied. 



m 



He ms uncle to Sir Pbilip de 
I Gre; EjierlOD, Bart, being Ihe 
I imnth aoD of Philip EgerloD. esq. of 
Egerton *nd OoltoD, bj bi^ coustn Mar;, 
4«a(^ter of Sir Frauds Hukrn Sy\ti 
StjlM: sad heloak theuidiliaDkl tuniime 
of Egertou by royal wgD-muiual io tBI3 
OM tH doth M liii wife's UDcle &ir Peter 
Vvbortiia, Ibe fifth and last Baronet, of 
Waiborlon md Arle; : having oiBrrieit in 
It03, Emm*, dangUer sad heiies9 of 
Jamea Croiion, eiq. of Norlej Itanli, by 
Emoia. daughter of Sir Peter Wirbnitoa. 
tke fourth Bart. Bj Ihii Udv Mr. War- 
bottOB htd issue Ronluid Ejici Egerton 
Wirbortoii, paq. now of WsrbiiTlaa and 
Arter. three other BOas, and five daughters. 
Apri 77. the Rev. Jvtiua Ilird. D.D. 
It«ctor of Moniton and Ticu of EiUng- 
bun. Hioti. He wat formerlj Feliow of 
tCJng*! college, Cambriilgc. ahere he gra- 
dated B.A. i;9S. M.A. 1795, D.D. IBII. 
■c «a* piecenled to Mouxton in IS03 h; 
Art Mcietr, and to EUingham ia 1811 b; 
■tan oollegB. His aon, Ibe Rcr. Lewis 
Playter* Hint, nmnied in 1S4.1 Sophia- 
tataef, joungest daughter of CoL Pe&r 
B««keT, of Lone Pariah Honir. 

tfaySl. Io Moni[ner..lreet, Caieo- 
duh-Moue. aged30,the Kct. Ht»ryVa»f 
i^UMli, U.K. Vicsr of Slattesden, Shrop- 
■faire. in the patronage of the Ouke of 



Al Leainiugton. the Rer. 
WWUm Nur-rofne, of Hockwold Hall. 
KsiUk. ud Vicar of Sutloa. in the Isle 
of Bljr. He was eon of the lat« Most ReT. 
Willitm NFWeome, Lord Archbishop of 
' J | M«fti ■ and was a inenber of Christ 
[ fhnrcb, Oxford, &I.A. 1802. He waa 
pnaented to the Tkarage of Sutton, in 
Itaa. br the De>u and Chapter of Elj. 

The Brr. E. A. Ov-tn, M.A, Kfc;or of 
UaBfutjwdwT.CaniarvODahire.nrulCbap. 
bin lo the Eirl of Uibridge. He waa 
i-rttawfl to hia lieing b; the Blnbop of 
tt~t — : and appainted Chapktn to the 
K^of Uibcidj^r in IS41. 

jUqr !t. At the parsoQage, Cbarlton, 
agad H. the Re«. Oliver Carry, late 
.AJebdaaoon of Elptiin, io Irdand. 

Aged £9, the Rei. Marlim Uoggr, Rec- 
tor «f Soutbacce and of West Wtocb, Nnr- 
fclk. Ue WAS of Oriel coUoge, Oiford, 
M.A. 1S03, vas prewDted to Southacre io 
that nubjA.Foimtaine, v*ij. and toWest 
Wneb in 1833 by lh« Uinl Ctaincetlor. 

3fay Z5> At his rrtidence in Itlington, 
tS*d 6tl, the Eei>, Brgmt Barga; M.A. 
IT of the united parishes of St, Bcnet, 




The R<». John H«lltm, M.A. Vicar of 
Thorpe Arnold »iCh Brentingbr. and Rec- 
tor of Wjfordbji Leicesterahrre. Hsms 
preaeated to the latter lirmg in 1816 bj 
Sir E. C. tlattopp, Bart, and to (be for- 
mer in le4 [ by the Duke of Rutland, when 
be resigned (be rector; of Knipton, atoo 
in his Grace'a patronage, nhicb be bid 
held for a short time only. 

May 27. At Norwich, aged 91, the 
Rer. OmrUt Saltm. D.D. Rector of 
Albargh, tad Vicir of "niornhsni.cnin- 
Holme, Norfolk. He was of St. Jabn's 
college. Cambridge, where he gradnated 
B.A. 1179, M.A. 1782, B.D. HfM, D.D. 
1806. He was ioiUttileil to Alboi^h m 
1793. and collated to Tbomham, in 1795. 
by Or. Manneri Snttoo, tbco Bishop of 
Nornicb. He was formerly Perpetoal 
Curate of St. George's Tombland, in 
Norwich, and Tr«surer of the Clergy- 
men's Widow's Fund. 

May 28. Aged it, the KeT. Boier/ 
SAirlry Bunbury. M.A. of Swansea. He 
was the son of the Rev. H. Banbury bj 
Henrielt* Eleonora, daughter of the Hon. 
and Rer. Walter Shirley, nnnC lo the 
Archdeacon of Derby. He was incmn- 
bent of St. Thomas's church, St. Helena, 
Lancuhire, at the time of his msrrisge in 
May, 1843. to Miliceat-AdeU, third dan. 
of the lai« S. Tertius Gallon, esq. of 
Leamington. 

The Rei. Charia Hietian. B.A. Curate 
of Romwy, Hampshire. Hewaa of Mag- 
dalen hall, Oiford, anil married in 1839, 
Elixabeth, danghler of Mr. John Webb, 
iron Toerchanl, of Bristol. 

May 30. Aged 83, the Rev- TTtomai 
SeoU, B.D,, Vicar of Islehsm, Cambridg- 
shirc, and Chaplain of Bromtsy collue, 
Kent. He was collated to bleham, a pt- 
ciitiar ol lilt see of Rochester, in 1831, bj 
the pic»pnl Bishop. 

.Vay 11. At Brujhlon, aged 63, the 
Rev. Richard Symanii Joystt, D.D. 
Rector of GrareBend. Be was of St. Ca- 
tharine's biJI, Ciunbridge. where be gra- 
duated R.A. 1804, M.A. 1807, and wla 
presented to the rectory of (irsTCKnd in 
18— by the Lord Chancellor. 

June 1. .\t Shenain^on, Glouoesler- 
sliire, aged 71, the Rev. Eoberl Kdtpant 
HiigAtt, Ret'lor of thai parish, and of 
AlbertoD. To the former he was pretedted 
in I BOl . by the late Earl of Jersey, and to 
thi' Utter in 1S3G, by the present Bar). 

At Csilington, Deronshire. seed 9b, the 
Rev. /oAn Strgtmt, Perpetiuif Curate of 
EgloBkerry, and Carats of Callingtoo. Ho 
wsLt in^tituled to Bgloskerry'in 1996. 

Jme 8. At Eieler, the Rev. Cwfoiu 
BattOH, M.A. Incumboit of St. James's, 
Congtctsn, Cheshire. 



4 

I 

'A 



104 



Obituary. 



[July, 



jHn§ 5. The Rer. Thomoi Biafand, 
M.A. Rector of Hartley Mauduit, and 
Curate of West Woldbam, Hantingdoa- 
ihire. He was of Balliol college, Oxford, 
and waf formerly carate of St. Martin's 
chorcb, Oxford, on quitting which, ia 
Mirch 1837* the parishioners and other 
friends in Oxford presented him with a 
piece of plate of the value of 50/., " ad- 
miring his general benevolence and use- 
fulness, and in token of respect and gra- 
titude for his truly valuable ministerial 
services, particularly for his pious zeal 
and christian instruction in his evening 
lectures*' (as inscribed thereon). He 
wss subsequently minister of St. Paurs, 
Winchmore Hill, Middlesex, and on quit- 
ting that cure in 1834 he received from 
the congregation a piece of plate, a valu' 
able collection of books, and from the 
poorer members a Bible. He was in 
1838 presented to the rectory of Hartley 
Manduit by the Rev. £. Houstoun ; and 
married, June 24, 1834, Rebecca I^ouisa, 
second daughter of John White, esq. of 
Sdbome, Hants. 

Oct. 1845, in his 50th year, the Rev. 
Robert Lynam^ M. A. Curate of SL 
Gileses Without Cripplegate, leaving a 
widow and nine children, with scarcely 
any provision. He was educated at 
Christ's Hospital, and at Trmitj college, 
Cambridi^e, where he graduated 6. A. 1818, 
M.A. ,1821. By educational and literary 
occupation, combined with his clerical 
duties, he had supported his family with 
scrupulous integrity. He was known to 
the public as the author of a continuation 
of " Goldsmith's History of England," 
and as editor of the works of several stan- 
dard authors, especially Addison, Paley, 
Johnson, Robertson, Rollin, and Skelton, 
with biographical and critical introduc- 
tions. He was for seven years morning 
preacher at the Magdalen Hospital, and du- 
ring the last twelve yf ars of his life had been 
Curate of St. Giles s Without Cripplegate, 
where he died. Many uf the inhabitants 
of that parish testifii^d their esteem for his 
character by a liberal donation to him in 
his lingering illness ; voluntarily attended, 
in large numbers, at his funeral, the ex- 
penses of which they defrayed ; and have 
since commenced a subscription for the 
relief of his widow and numerous orphans ; 
which benevolent object has been aided 
by the kindness of the Bishop of London, 
Archdf scons Hale and Hollingwortb, Dr. 
Giliy, Professor Scholf field, and the Cor- 
poration of the Literary Fund for the Re- 
lief of Authors and their Pumilies, and we 
hope their example will be numerously 
followed. 



DEATHS. 

LONDON AND ITS VICINITr. 



13 



Jpril 18. In Upper Sepnonr-tt. Eos- 
ton-sq. aged 75, Cooingsby Francis Cort, 
esq. late of West Ham. 

May 6. Aged 70, Mr. De Ville, pUster 
figure-maker, lamp-manufactorer, and 
phrenologist, in the Strand. 

May 8. In Hertford- st. Mayfiiir, 
aged 59, Mary, widow of Thomas DanieU, 
esq. of Little Berkhampstead. 

May 12. In St. James's place, Ganse- 
voort Melville, esq. Secretary of the Le- 
gation of the United States of America at 
this court. 

May 15. Aged 80, James Browning, 
esq. of Connaught-terraice. 

May 16. At Bhickheath, aged 97, 
John Glaisher, esq. late of the Cambridge 
Observatory. 

At Bamsbury Park, Islington, aged 75, 
Charles Chubb, esq. of St. Paul's Ch.-yd. 
In Prince*s-st. Cavendish-sq. Mrs. 
Tomkyns. 

May 17. In Pall Mall, aged 63, the 
Hon. Eiizabeth-Ann, wife of William 
Buchnnan, esq. of Ardoch, co. Dumbar- 
ton, and eldest dan. of Alexander seventh 
Lord Elibank. She was married in 
1803. 

May IR. Fanny, wife of Frederick 
Mordaunt, esq. of Addison- road North. 
Notting HiU. 

May 19. Aged 76, Frances, widow of 
Abraham Crofton, esq. 

May eo. At Hamilton-terr. St. John*B 
Wood, Elizabeth, second dan. of the late 
Thomas Bolding, esq. of Great Linford, 
Bucks. 

Aged 62, Rebecca, wife of Peter Ynm, 
esq. of Heme-hill. 

At Walworth, aged 68, Richard Med- 
ley, esq. late of the Home Office. 

May 21. In Myddelton-sq. Penton* 
ville, aged 45, Thomas William Rose, 
esq. 

At Oakley-street, Euston-sq. Frmnoei 
Charlotte, wife of D. Fraser, esq. and 
dau. of the late Rev. J. Noyes, of Bishop* 
stone, Wilts. , 

At Groom's Hill, Greenwich, aged 88, 
George Browne, esq. formerly of Cham- 
berlain's Wharf. 

At Clapton, Emily-Augusta, wife of 
John Loxley, esq. and only dan. of the 
Rev. Robert Heath, ^ A. 

May 23. In consequence of a fall ftum. 
his horse in St. James's Park, Francis 
Hiidyard, esq. of the Inner Temple, bar- 
rihter-at-law. Fellow of Clare Hall, Cam- 
bridge, and ssventh son of the late Rev. 
William Hiidyard, Rector of Wino* 
itead. 



18400 Obi 

Agrd (S, RichuJ WsUoD Bullock, «q. 
of Ike Groie. Kentish Town. 

A^ed (iG, SuDael Sketchley Robinion, 
«q. of DeToa<)ure-ro>d, Wandsworth - 

Acad 3T. Ch<|lott«-Amclii, irifc of Joha 
Buiag, Hq. 

Jfay23. EliM, widow of John Nieoli. 



*M). of the Middle Temple, buTiBter-iiC- 
Uw. lie wi» oilSeii to (lie bar by llie 
Hon. Siiciety of the lunar Temple, Nov. 
20, 179^. and pnctined as an equity 



Kged 76, Bt Vinbrugh-Selds, BUck- 
biMli, Adim Young, cw). 

In Park-street, Camden Town, aged S2, 
Charld Griffia. eiq. 

Jfoy 35. At Camdeo Town, aged 40, 
, Mn. Queene. 

I Al Viuihill, aged 97. Ann. widow uf 
I J. D. Humbert. e»|. of St. Mary Aie. 

JU 8oatbwiL-k-cretct. aged 14 months, 
Frederick -Henry, yonugest son of tlie 
Bon. n. Manners Sutton, M.V. 

In Soadvieh-st. BurtoD-creic. aged S4, 
John SJinmoDf, esq. 

JIttf 26. In Hyde Parti-9t. aged TB, 
EUea, widow of Scijeant Clayton, barria* 



ruARY, 105 

buu. Stephen, eldest aouul Stephen Wild- 
man Cittley, eiq. 

At Turaham Green, aged 59, Miry- 
Anne, relict of Stephen Lmcb, esq. 

JuHt 2. At the boose of her brotbir, 
Cheyne Walk, CbeUea, -ElUabcth, third 
d>a. of the late John Smith, esq. of Ha- 
rold's Park, Waltbam Abb,';. 

Itt Glouceiler-road, Hyde Park-gar. 
deua. aged 21, Jiue.Robina. second dau. 
of the late Major KjUph ileury Soeyd. 

June 3. Aged 3(), Jama Taylor Isher- 
wood. youngest son of the lal« Mr. 
Nichoisa Iiberwood, of Ludgata U ill- 
Harriet, eldest dan. of tlie late Joaepb 
Knye, esq. formerly of Wandsworth Com- 
raoD, and of New Bank- buildings. 

Jime A. In Upper BrrkelP7-it. aged 
S4, Patience-Mary, eldest dau. of the late 
John Tidgen. esq. of the Ordnince Offico- 

June 5. Ill Wilton- crescent, after a 

short illness, brought on by her accouche- 

- in her 3jth lear, the Right Hon. 



Mar 



s of I 



Jt^ 37. Aged 73, Thomas Prilchanl, 

I fl*q. (rf Albert-lerr. knighlsbridge. Mr. 

f Pnlehard was an oil merchant and bop 

it la West Smitbfiold ; and took a 

I Jivdj Interest in the eucceii of the Royal 

I "HaaMDC Sodety, of which for many years 

"kewaa onaof the Cammitteeof Managers. 

Jfcu S8. At North Briiton, aged 27, 

I Joho Frederick Bird, esq. third son of the 

I lota Thomas Bird, esq. of Mnswell Hill. 

In Bnkik-st. Arthar William Thomas, 

aq. of Tullabrin, Kilkenny, eldest aon of 

c late Rei. Francis Thomas. 

Lt Clapham Park, aged 43, John Mil- 

, esq. of the Stock Exchange. His 

lb was occasioned by being severely 

nl in his b«d, baling Ulen asleep when 

At Ncwington-pl. aged 't>, Emanuel 
Silra, esq. one of her Mijetly's Juslioes 
of the Peaee for Surrey. 

Ar«y 30. At Camberwell. Mn. Russell, 
•Lkat dau. of the Isle Clement Taylor. 
ma. of Linton Lodge, near Msidstooe. 

At Connaught-lcrr. Edgeware-road, 
^ed 90, Elizabeth, relict of John Ban- 
bsrj. eaq. of Totleobsm. 

At Donet-pl. Clapham Road, «artin 

■ .^31. At Knightsbridge. Mrs. Fitx, 

^■^ mother of Mrt. Cruckford, of Seymour- 
^H fUet, Paik-Une. 

^^H Jw* I. Aged ^, at the honse of his 
^^^Atber, m the Bedl'ord New. road, Clip- 
^m GlKT. Mac. Vol. X-WI. 



the Hake of Bucclench. She 
WHS the fourth dau. of the late Dnko, 
by Lady Harriet Katbarine Townshend. 
4tb daughter of Thomas 1st Visooant 
Sydney ; was married in 1H32 to Viscount 
Marshsm, who succeeded his father last 
year as Earl of Ronmey ; and has left 
Beien young children to mourn her loss. 

JuRf e. Eliiaheth, wife of Frederick 
ThoB. Pratt, DC. L., Doctors' Commons. 

lo Clifton -place. West, Sussei aq. aged 
64. Thomas Kinder, esq. 

Jane 7. In Portlsnd-pi. Clapham -road. 
Laiinia- Laura, ynungeat sister of John 

June 8. In George-st. Hanover-"q. 
aged 6, Alice-Barbsra-Mnria, Eldest dan. 
of Iho Hon. Mr. and Udy Maria Poll- 
sonby, granddaughter of the Elarl of Beu- 
borough and Lord de Manley. 

June 10. At tUe houae of her soo-in- 
law Col. GoUie. C.B., aged 79. CaroUne, 
relict of the Rei. Alexander Thistla- 
tbwayte, Rector of West Tythetley and 
Broughton, in Hampshire. She was the 
youngest dau. o( General Barlow i was 
married in 178a. and left a widow in ie27. 

AC Chelsea, aged 60. Michael Burke, 
esq. formerly collector of Excise for Gal- 
way conntj, and a Magistrote. He was 
the third son of Michael Burke, esq. of 
Bullvdugan, in that county, who died in 
leSB. His remains were interred near his 
fiitber's, at Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, 
June 16. 

At his fiither's boose, Btyanston-sq. 
Alexander, only son of A lexunder Erstine, 
esq. of Longhnven, North Britain. 

Jww 12. Agedgy.Samael Kaynes, esq. 
of St. Jamts's-st. 

Jime 14. Aged 69, William Slepben 



106 



Oni 



Wilton, eaq. of Hercutea-bailclinga. Lmm- 
bctb, and of Woodiidr, aiat Cmjdan. 

At Hsmilton-tcrr. St. John'i Worn), 
Kged »b, Mirjr, relict of Juni'S Dreo, wq. 
of Briitul. 

Tbe Hon. Min EllU, dou. of Ud; 
Donr and giilcr orviaaoont CUfdeii. 

Buds.— Viy 5. At Bedford, aged B4. 
C. Dumelow, ct4. 

ilfay 21. At l.ulnn. i«ed 91. Fruitxi. 
widow nf John Chue. bhj. 

Way 2:1. Aged 70, Mar;, wifn of 
Stephen Tharnton, evi. of Moggerbuiger 

Junt n. At Tompiforil Hall, the re- 
«<deiice of her lOD-io-law, Robert Elliott, 
e«q. aged 48. Harriet- Amelia, relict of 
Jamsa Wade.eiq.of Sblpmeadow, SnHblk. 

Bansa. — May 14. At Sunning Hill, 
aged 94, Hn. Cbnrchill. 

Junt 6. At Reading, Sarah, dau. of 
Henry Owen Hall, eiq. (onatTlj of 
GracoRhurcb-at. 

Junt 11. At North Town. Maiden- 
head, aged H3, William Cannon, esq. 

Bi!c».».~4j,ril IH. Aged iO, Thomu 
Drake. M.D. ctdeat aon of the lata Rei. 
Tbomai Drake, of Polbani 

Ma^ lb. At IJltIc Mioenden. Hen. 
riettn, widow of Sir Prancia William 
Srlmit, Ban. She waa the eldeat dau. of 
Ilenr; Villeb<ria, eiq. of Glouceiter-place. 
and Marham Uouae, Norfolk ; was mar- 
ried in IK91, and left a widow in 1943, 
baring bad inao [ho pretcnt Baronet and 
other children. 

CAMBBiDOEsn.— Uiiy 10. Agi;d 54. 
Katharine-Prancm, widow of Swann Hnr- 
rall. etq. of Foxton, and yoangeit dan. of 
Ibe late C. Finch, eiq. 

ifag 18. Aifcd 76, Mary, rcliot of J. 
S. Hawlett, HI], of Cambridge^ 

May 19. At Cambridge, aged G8, 
Daniel Newnham, eiq. 

Cut^HiKt.— April 23. At LeaiDwea 
Caille, Henrietta-Maria-Chriitina, yoong- 
oit dau. of the Hon. Sir Bdward Cult. 

JIfnjf 1t>. Aged 31, JunalhaD Robin. 
aon, eaq. of Spring Bank, Stockport. 

CoBNWALi..— ifay 5. At Poniancc. 
Sanh.Anne, wife of Capt. T. Vernon An- 
ton, R-N. She wai the lecond dau. of 
tbfl late Itlcharil Porlcr, esq. waa married 
in 1843, and had latue a ion, born in 1^44. 

DaBnT.-~Jfav tl. At DerbT- aged 
M, Joiat llerbto't Blackburn, eaq, formerlj 
of Malion. Yiirknhire. 

DtvoH—Mtj/ S. At Heavitree, near 
Rnter, aged S3, Gliia, wife of the Rcr. 
Robert Creyki 




av ID. Saddoalf, at Kinginympton, 
3.1, Jcisrph Francii Kilner, eaq. 
13. At HFi'lar. aged 4R. Com- 
Mrtcalfr CurHe, H,N. 



L'A!.v. [July, 

In Exeter, ogeil G5. Maty, wife of Wm. 
Piga Kingiton, esq. 

Afoy IS. At Bishopatelgnton, la this 
CO.. aged 80. Alexander Gordon, esq. 

At Torquay, aged SB, Mary, wife of the 
Ven. George T. Hodgaoif Arohdeacon of 
Stafford, and Canon of Lichfield. 

3tay IG. At her aon't reiidenw, 
Bridgetown, Totoea. aged HO, Joanna. 
relict of Richard Cumith, esq. 

May \S. Aged 3A. Urut. John Phil. 
lips, of the Royal Marinea. 4th aon of 
Rear-Adm. PhilUpi, of Plymouth. 

May 19. Aged 66, Rebecca, wife of 
Tboma* Heathcock. eaq. of tbe Hermit- 
age, Sidmouth. 

May SO. At Woodbury, aged M, Ja- 
cobua Butler, esq. formerlT a aurgeon at 
Lymprtone, and the only brother of Dr. 
Batter, of Plymouth. 

Afiiy 23. At BarntUple, aged G3, Tho. 
mai Roberta, eaq. bite merchant of Rio 
Janeiro. 

May 24. At Hailar, Capt. William 
Jonea. of her Maje«ty'« ahip Penelope, 
late Commodore on the cooit of Africa. 

Sfaf 29. Ac Topshim, Capt. Thamat 
Owen, la)e Dockmaiter of the St. tCstha. 
rine's Dock. 

May 30. At the reaidence of bli mo- 
ther, at SouthmoUon, George Sonthconbe, 
oq. aon of the late Rev. John Soulb- 
combe, Rector of Roie Aib- 

JuM 2. At Teignmoutb, eged 52, 
Henry Gurlcy, eiq. 

June 3. Ac Linglngh, near Ilfracombc, 
aged 17, Louita-Somuiera. youngeat dau. 
of Capt. Down, Royal Navy 

UoHSBT.— jifay 2. At Wotton RU- 
paine, Betly,reUcC of Tbomai Etote Drvw*, 
caq. of the Grange, and aunt of the pre. 
aeni Kdward Simcoe Drewe, eaq. late High 
SheriS of tbii county. She waa the dau. 
of Denj. Incledon, eiq. of Pilton, Deron. 
shire. Her buiband died without inae 
in lttl5. 

May 22. Aged 29, WiUiam- Friend, 
eldeit aon of the Rev. Thomaa Dunuit, 
of Poole. 

/una 4. At BesCvall-houBe, adjoining 
Wareham. Mri. Hammond, widow of 
Harry Hammond, eiq. for many yoari 
one of the aldermen of that borong^. 

DuaH*H.— Afay 22. At Hurworth, 
near Darlington, aged al, Miu Margaret 
Gilpin. 

E^iBKX — May 30. At the rectory, 
Athen, Margaret, youngeat liAer of the 
Rev. Edmund Squire. 

May 31. At Uylon, aged 13. Mary. 
Emily, eldeat dau. of W. T. Copeland. 
oaq. M.P. and alderman of London. 

Jnntli. Agrd li4, Anne, tbe wife of 
Charlei Tliompmn, eaq. of llarnchuroh. 

Jmir 14. Al tbe reaidcnce of bit bro- 
ther-in-law, at Chingford, aged 50, / ~ 



1846.] 



Obit 



I 



•Dd<r Uilroy. esq. mercliBnt, Ute uf Corn- 
bill. He Ku che thicd ion of the lale 
Tbiniuia MUrajr, Mq. of Comhill. 

Ju»f IS. At Broomlidd, pear Chelms- 
ford, unl 70, Tbonu CbrisCy. esq. 

At Wilthamnow, Mn. Henrietta Mil- 
b«m. widow of WiUiUD Milhurn, uq. 
fanoerlj of Pentooville and Bombif. 

GtocciBTBR. — STsy 16, Al Ctiflno, 
Idej-Miria, wife oT Eitmund Blloii, esq. 

May 17. buddcDlf, at CURod, aged 
74, Rlcbwd NotI, rsq. 

At M«Ufinore vicarogp, Sarah, wife of 
the Km. Thoma* Tudball 

Mcr 13. At Clifton. Jane- Randolph, 
souuCHt dm. of the late Rei. Peter 
Ovoung. Rector of 6«thwicli, Batb, and 
Vewloa 8i. Loe. 

At OileworUi Park, tged 16. Elranora- 
IwbcUa, jODDgt:tt dau. oF Lenii Clutter- 

JUby Si. At CbelleahuD.Mtu Fnivu 
GfllDKII, onl; tnrviiiDg lister uF tbe late 
fir. GillroaD, of the Medical Board, 
BcfiBia. 

M^ it. At Chelteabam. aged m, 
Tbonu Pidtfard, cstj. ot Majfidd, near 
Mancbearer. He was bead of the cele- 
brated finn of pjckford lod Co. carriers. 
. At L'liftOD, aged 42, Alice, wife of the 
[ Ber. John Mnrphy, Rector of Bantty. 
I At CliftoD, aged 93, Clara, yonogeat 
da«. uf the Ute Rev. Eardley Norton, 
Tkar of Amcliffe. Yorkehire. 

Mag 25. Al West Clifton, at tbe reji- 
dcaciofherbrocberlbe Kei. W.S.Uwia, 
■Ced 19. Emily, third dan. of W. C. Lewii, 
Eaq. late of Kensingloii. 

Mer 26. At Clifton, Catherine, wife 
gf Edraand Thomas Waters, rcij. 

At Ctaeltenhim. aged 36. J. S. Kewley, 
caq. of LiierpouL 

Asm 2. At Cirenceslcr, aged 42, 
Emily, widow of tbe Rer. Thos. Gorduu 
Wenfaling FrestoD, late Rector of Pag- 
llDgworth and Great Witcombe. 

J*nf 4. At Clifton, aged 65. Philip 
ProUieroe. e»q. 

Jitt i. Al Bristol, aged h(l, Georf;e 
Smith, esi|. of Berkeley, upwards of 30 
years steward of the Elarl Fitzbardinge. 

JwtH- 6. At tbe residence of her son, 
Capt. Skinoar, Royal Art. at Springfield, 
■fed i6. Mn. Lmigmore, widow of tbe 
Rer, Alel. Longmore, LL.B. Vicar of 
Great Biddow and Rsiaham, in Eiaei. 

Al Cbelteobam, Julia-Mary, s ith dau. 
al tbe late Rit. Fraucia Baker, Rector of 
Wylye. Will*. 

Haktk.— Jfoy 7. At Sonlbampton, 
Anna-Jan*, youngest dau. of tbe late 
Cbarlts Ward, esq. of Meniun-tq. Dublin, 
aod HoUymoont, Qseen's Co. 

Mtf 16. At Eaft Woodbsy. aged i;9, 
Thauaa ChM, eM{. 



Atay 20. At Wallington. Farebam, 
George Coape, esq. second sunitingaon 
of the Ute John Coape, esq. of Oeorge-iL 

Lalilg. 

At Alresford, Sarah-Neil, eldest but- 
viiing dan. of Malachi Fisber, eeq. 

At Weal Cowei, aged 80, Geo. Spain, 
esq. 

June 1. At Wiekhun, Msry-Stmth, 
relict of Admiral T. R. Shireri. 

Junei. AIThroop, nearChristcbnrvh, 
aged 76. Mary, relict of ComeUui Trim, 
esq. banker, of Southampton. 

June 4. AtWinchecter,<ged3a.Mar7, 
only dan. of tbe late JohD Tusavill, esq. 
of the Neckinger, Bermondiey. 

June 7. At ADdoicr. aged 'JB, Faiuiy, 
wife of Harry Footner, esq. solicilor. 

At Freelandi, Dear Wtnebeater. aged 73, 
Alctbea, relict of Major George Grovei, 
formerly of the 38th Foot, and niece of 
the lute Sir Wri. BUckatooe. 

Herts.— Mflj S8. At New Bamea, 
Dear St. Albaa'a, aged 84. Joaepb Tim- 
peroo, esq. 

Kb.nt. — April 30. At Manor Uoiue, 
Neniugton next Sittingboiune, aged 64, 
Richard Rock, eaq. 

Mag 4. At Folkstone, Fraocea-Ann, 
eldest dan. of the late lieut.-Col. John 
Jones, of Eait Wickhani. 

Ataf 9. At the Black Friarg, Canter- 
bury, aged 84, R. Fread, esq. 

May 16. At Leigh, aged 71, William 
Saint, esq. 

May 17. At Charlton, near Woolwich, 
Major-Geo. Peter Fyera,C.B. Col. Com- 
mandant of tbe 7th batlaJioD Royal Regt. 
of Art. He entered the corps in 1794. 

Afay 30. At Heme Bay. aged 72. 
Agnes, wife of John Mickleburgb, eiq. 
formerly of Margate. 

Mayii. At Daitford. aged 7.^ Sarab- 
Stainlon, relict of John Hall, esq. 

May 2j. At Tunbridge Wella, Cathe- 
rine .Aleiandrlna, wife of Dr. Nelson, late 
of Wimpole-at. 

At Maidstone . aged 95, Mis a Catberine 
Dnboia. 

May Z5. At the paraoDage. Alkham, 
near Dorer. aged 68, Wm. Slater, esq. 

Jme 4. At Taywell, Gondhnrat, aged 
55, Jamea Frisby. eaq. of Baaing ball -st. 
London, Deputy Alderoian of the ward of 
Baaaiabaw. 

Jme 8. At Pcmbnry, aged 39, Robert 
Gibbon, esq. M.D. 

June 10. At Tunbridge Wella. Miia 
Day, formerly of Gloucester- pi. New.rd. 

At the Royal Dock-yard, Chatham, 
Mathew Boweo Meadi, eaq.storekeeperof 
thatyatd. 



Jtat 13. Aged 21. Frances Cramer Lord Straffora. GX. B. She WiH 



Rober 



. only d 






Cnfber Boherts.esq.of Branfold. 

Lancastbb.— Moy IS. AlLiRle Lever 
p»raon«ge,nBBr BoltOD-leMoor*. »geidi9, 
John S\ai*, eiq. 

May 20, At Aahfielil, near Bonile]!. *l 
the reaidenca of her EOn.in-Uv, George 
SCanaGdil, esq. ts'i '^- ^"- Bi'l<l>eclc, 
widair of Williuui Biikbeck, eaq. of 
Settle. 

Al LiTeriKHili >Brd 20, Caroline, lifta 
dau. of J. C. Briitoff. esq. of Eusemens 
HiU.Weatmocelaiid. 

Way es. In Everton road, LiTerpool, 
■eed C3. Samuel Bofdell. esq. Isle of 
Marehwiel H.ll, Penbighihire. 

Mag 27. Aged 3S, JomeB Uo«Kr>l, 
second son of the laie John Walton, eaq. 
of Woialey, neai- Manclieater. 

At Southill, Liverpool. Bged 80, WU- 
liain Smith, esq. 

^une L AC Manclieiter, Thomas Dar- 
biabire, esq. barrinler-at-lair. 

Jvnei. EUnbeth, eldest dan. of the 
late Benj. Jowett, eaq. LWerpool. 

Lei CIST ER.—^Hi 'iS. Al Hinckley, 
agedT3, James Ha 



He V 



Hi) 



cian and a poet (a 
might add, as a cumedian too,) rendered 
bin name familur to everj one for manj 
miln round Hinckle;. For Xhirtj or forty 
years he waa the le^er of the ehoir at the 
church; and he frequently cut do incon- 
aiderable figure nt musical fettiralB. 

Mag 30. Al Groat Glenn, aged 32. 
Helen, «ife of the Rev. John Maymes. 
end dau. of Jamei Home Rigg, esq. of 
Tarvlt and DowoReld, Pifesliire. 

Lincoln. — Mat/'H. At Spalding, aged 
83, Aun, relict of Puirfut Johnson, esq. 
and younger dau. of the late Lieut.-Cnl. 
Johnson, of Ayscough Free llaU, Spald- 



x.^MagS. AlSunbmy.aged 
64, Mury, wife of John Mitchiaoii, eaq. 

Stay IG. At Highgate, Sarah, fourlh 
dan. of the late Thomas Belcher, esq. of 



May ?U. At Crnsa Deep, Twickenham, 
■god 35, George Barnard, eaq. grandaon 
of the laie Sir Fredcriiik Barnard, of 
Suble-yard, St. Jimva'a. 

Muf 3(J. At Uabridge, aged i 



,n IM 

MoNuoiTTHSRiBI.— a/atr2t. Al Grin- 
da, Dear Newport, V. CoiucDs, ciq, M.D. 

KoKFOLB.— Uay 17. At Ibe Gran^. 
Langley, aged 94. Eleanor, relict of Jamca 
Hardy, eat|. of Helhersett. 

Mag 22. Aged 89, Sarah, relict of 
Samurl Mayaton, esq. of Norwich. 

May 96. In the Cloae, Norwidi, Cati- 
line, oiFe of George Vbarlon, M.D. and 
youngest dAu. of the Iste (reo. Lee, esq. 
of Dir'kleb<ir)!h. 

Jiinr I. \i the Heath, Eaii Dereham. 
Mary-Barrj, second dao. of Barry Gir- 
ling. e.q. 

Jvnc 6, At Mnrlham House, aged 78, 
William RiBing. esq. 

NDBTHAMFroM.—Jfuii S. At Brock- 
hall, Susannah, wife of' Thamai tt«ve 

May 25. At Daventry, aged 117, Eliis- 
heth, relirtofEdmond Burlon, fBi|. 

NomtHUMBKHLanb.— .<(ir.i 17. Aged 
71, Mra. Foraler. of Ne-.-sslle, Shewas 
the niece of the late Lords Eldoo and 
Slowell, being the daughter of their bro- 
ther Mr- Scott, who was a hiithlj.reapec- 
tsble coal-fitter in Newcastle. She Was 
a great favoarite and coualant corre- 
apondant of her illustrious oacleb, and was 
distJDgulabeil by her TirlucB and naehl. 
nesB, and abo*e all, the uaosteulalious- 
neas of hrr life. Her body wjs interred 
in St. Nirholaa's churchyard. 

May ao. Al Bmome Park, aj!ed 75, 
Eleaitor, wile of William Burrcll, eM). 
.She WU the eldest daughter of Matlbev 
Fomter, eiq. of BoUon House ; and was 



Steve. 



I, Ralph 



Hag 27. At Enfield, aged 88, Mrs. 
Wcale. 

May99. Aged 51, Laurence Rowe.esrj. 
of Bnntford. 

/mix 4. AlTKickeuham, acrd .10, Ibe 
Hon. Froucea Tufocll, wife of fleniyTuf- 
Lcll, e»q. M.P. and .ecuiid duu. of Gta. 



June a. , 

Hor 



also 



Ealingti'n Houcc, aged XH, 
■ .of the Hon. 



Henry T. LiddeU, M.l". 

Ntrrrsi.— .Way 26. At Sherwood Hall, 
John Need, ein{. aenior magistrate of the 
CO. of Nottingham, and late Lient.-Col. 
of the N»Hs Militia. 

Okfokd — ,Vay 11. At Kettil HaU, Oi- 
rDrd,afn^J ^H. Chxrles Winglield, esq. ssr- 
geoa. AsaproFesaional man hi> joaawillbe 
aeverclj felt, especially by the poor, on 
whom he brslowed mui:h careful and gra- 
tnilooa attention ; while iu society bis 
memory will lung be cherished, is the 

sidrrale adviser— the kiud and liberal 
friend. He was the eldest eon of the late 
Rev. John Wingfield, of Bi*hop"« Castle, 
and eubsequcotly of SUrewabury. He 
commeDCed his profe.taional life at a pupil 
at the Glourester Infirmary, and after- 
wards studied at St. Uarlholomew's Hos- 
pital, under the late Mr. Ahemethy. He 
began to practise in Oiford in IBIS, ss 
partner of llie late Mr. Tackwell i and MM 



le of tLe inrgeoas oftbe Radclifle 



I 



I 



Mr*. C'ulell, WilcotHouBcnur Winer, 
Jue-Cwtell.oalydBu.of Mr. Crewi Dud- 
ley, solicitor. Oxrurd. 

Unf 31 . At SDmiuertowii House, neu- 
Oilant, aged 6i, Jimes Nicholii, eaq. of 
SBnttwr Toirii, Bud of Bedford Row, 
London. 

Jwu 3. A^ 19. Mr. George Gibbs, 
CoanUDDcr of Eifter collrge, Oxford. 
He »u drowned whilst bntbing in the Uit. 
Dawlfflcj. 

Salop. — May 2. Aged 10 montha, 
Kmc-Cbu-lotte. ind on the 24th, aged 3. 
Lomw-MuiB. dam. of William H. Perry, 
«sq. of SSrpwsbory. 

MttflS. AtWeii.,JoDathaDNi<:kBon.Egq. 

Jmit 13. At UieKnowl Saudi, ncsr 
Brtdgnonh, aged 3i, Eliubetb, wife of 
Jalu Hetu-jr Cooper, eaq. ind dno. of the 
htc Godfrcf Sjico, esq. Solicitor (a tbc 
Board of Sunpi. 

SoWtBarr.— Jfsy 7. At Wetton. nrar 
Bub, ftd 78, Mil* Jane Uptao, dau. of 
th« tats J. Upton, esq. of loKinitc Ball, 
Westraoreland. 

J/ay \b. At Blajdon, near Taanloa. 
Rullp Schalcb, esq. hile of the Rojil Art. 
third son of the late Caplain Scbalub, of 
thsRojvl Art, 

May 19. At Bath, aged S3, Widg- 
wood Gillnm, esq. laie of Winchester. 

Mag 23. At ClecTC, Dear Yjtton, aged 
$6, Tbomu Johnson, sen. eaq. oF ibot 
plWB. ud of Winc-itreet, Bristol. 

At RotmdhiU Grange, Wincanton, aged 
71, Geoi^ Windbam. esq. the foiiTtb son 
of WiUttm WrDdhsm. esq. of Dinton, 
Wni*. who died in 17B6, by Eliiabelh, 
■Idert daughter of Sir Thomas Heitbcote, 
of Donlej Lodge, CO. SauthAmpton, Bart. 
Uenurried EUiibelh, daughter of George 
Domiaiciu. caq. aud bu lelt Ixo suriiiing 
■onSi George- Dominieua and Hearj \ and 
■ dtnghter. married to tbe Rer. Fn-deiiek 
Gray, of Caitle Cair, to. Somerset. Uii 
jomngrst son. Charlet, was tUun in AIT. 
Mwilstan in IB4t, at the pass of Gnu. 
SatBoek, 

lUny 23. Aged 57, Adonijah Harm, 
e*q. of Dnusfard-place, Bath. 

June 2. Aged 79, Margaret Anne, wife 
of Daaiel Cabanet, e«q. of Somersel-pl. 
Baib. 

SutrotK. — jtfiril 19. At Witnesbam, 
iwar Ifuwich. aged S3. Augustus Mea- 
dows, eaq. solidtor, third son of the late 
D. K. HHtdows, esq. of Burghtsiah House, 

AprU 29. Sarah-Trypheou. yoongest 
dsB. of the Rei. W. GlaoTiUc, Ipswich. 

jpril 30. At Isworth, aged B'2, Ann, 
(diet of B. L. Clayton, etq. furmetly n 
ntftn It Morton. 



Mag 9. Ai WTiepslead Hall, sged 73. 
William Bigibj. e»q. 

May 5. At Hillinglon, siged 83, Mary, 
relirt of James Miller, etq. of Bramer- 
ton. 

Mag 15. At Eye. aged 71, Benjamin 
Cotton, esq- in the second year of hie 
Mayoralty of tbHt borough. 

May 17. At Rushmere, aged 35, Elira, 
wife of J. WratiBlaw, esq. 

May 23. At Bamham, aged 81, Jobn 
Wade, esq. late of Gedgraie.bsll. 

Lionel Dore, gent, of Ulventan-hall, 
Debenham. 

ScKUhY. — Marci 1. At Barnes, 
Richanl Hall. esq. late Of Sydney, New 
South Wales. 

Mav 20. At Eattersea, aged 63, Char- 
lotte, relict of WiUiam Cruikthank, esq. 

Afay i[. At b^r seat, Shrub-hill, 
Ooi'king, the Right Hon. Charlotte- Julia 
dowager Caunteaa of Rothei. !>he was 
dan. of Col. John Campbell, of Dunoon, 
and trni lecoud wife of George William 
I2th Earl of Rothea, maternal grandfather 
of the present Edrl. She was married la 
the Earl of Rothea in 1798, and left bis 
widow in 181T, haring bad no family. 

Man ^- f^^ Woolvers, near Reigate, 
Elisabeth, wife of William Folgate, nq. 

Atay^i. At Richmond-park, inher7£d 
Tear, the Right Hon. Susan Countess 
Dowager of Dunmoie. She was the 
third and only aurriviiig dan. of Archi- 
bald ninth Duke of Usmillon, by Lady 
Harriet-StewaTt. fifth dsiu of Alexander 
sixth Earl of Galloway, married, in 1^03, 
to George filUi Earl of Cnnmore, and 
left his widow in 1B36, haiiog had iasne 

Earl, tbe Hon. Charles Augustus Mur- 
ray, late Comptroller of ihj Household to 
her Majesty, and the Hon. Henry An- 
thony Murray. Commander R.N. 

May 30. At Epsom, aged 52, Hugh 
Montgomery Campbell, esq. of the Hol- 
lies, StatTordsbire. 

Jutif3. At Norwood, aged IB, Char- 
lotte, third dan. of the late Thomas Hock- 

June 5. At Addlestone, near Wey- 
bridge, John- Alexander, only child of Mr. 
Hamilton, of that plaee, and graadaon 
of the late Re'. Andrew Uamillon, Reclor 
of Kniplon, Leie. 

June 6. At WiUey, aged i3, Anne, 
relict of Edward Leech, eaq. 

At Upper Tooling, Ellen, youngest 
dau. of John Melbuiib, esq. 

SvsBg.x.— March 18. At Brighton, in 
hisSOtb year, William Skipsey,eMi. Rear- 
Admiral of tbe Red. He was in keppel'a 
action in 177^. and ni:de s Lieut on Ihe 
7tb Apnl that year : and was wounded in 
the action off DoEgei Bank in 1781, H« 



4 



no Obit 

receiTHl the Turkish gold lafdiil fnr hii 
senioes u coiomMider of the TermBgiint 
sloop, during the EgTP'i"« CBnipBi|;n in 
leoi. He »u made Post C^uiu in 
IB02, and Rear- Admiral in IB37. 

Mag W. At the rfcloiy. Slaucbam, 
Jaaette-Eliubelh. wife of the Rct. William 
Sergiion, and diu. of Ihe late Jeremiah 

Uai/ 1,1. At bis brather'a house, Pree- 
chase. M^rA 33, DeaoiaoD Gregaoa Diioo, 
esq. late of Atheaa. 

At St. Leonard'a.on-Sea, aged :-*, Anne, 
widow uf Abel MoySEj, esq , of Bromley, 
Kent. 

Afay22. Chnrlatte-Amelia, wife of John 
BariDg, «q. of Oakwood, eldest dm. of 
the Rer. George Poroher, of Maiden Er. 
legh, Berks, and niece to the High SheriS* 
of Dorset. 

3fiiyS3. At Ilnstinga, Ktthnrine Jervin 
Jer-ris, fonngeat dau. of the late Sw^nfen 

May 27. At Brighton, CaroUne-Char- 
lotte, wife of ths Hod. Jubn Kenoedj, of 
Bryanston-sq. 

May 2B. Aged Bl, William Field, esq. 
of Devonshire -pi. Brighton. 

At Brighton, egrd 31, John Campbell, 
Capt. RoyalSoolsGrays, eld. son of Colin 
Campbell, esq. of Colgmin. Dumbsrtinigh. 

At Bognor. aRcd 64. Mlsa Williams, 
daughter of the late Aleiander Williams, 
esq. of Chiclio»tar. 

May 31. At Oaklands. Midhutit. aged 
6. Charlea James, only child of the Rcr. 
Charles Aleocke. M.A. 

Junf i. At Brighton, aged G3. Frede- 
rick Waller, esq., stationer, of Fleet- 
street. He »BS one of the stock-keepers 
of the Stationers' Companj. and nas much 
respecled by a circle of friends. 

W*iiwiCK.-May U. At the rectory. 
Wiiherley, Mabel, relict of Ihe Rct. Jsmea 
Roberli. 

Mag 26. At LcBmiogtan. aged 21, Wm. 
RntBon.esq. late of the 7t»th reg. 

.At Willougbbr, near Dunchurch. aged 
61, Mr. John Malin, for many yeirs a 
Tnntee of Willoughbjr Charity. 

IUagi\. In the house of her son, at 
Kioeton, ^ed G3, Jane -Elizabeth, widow 
of John Armitage Brown, esq. formerly 
of the Regent's Park. Loudon. 

June I. At the Crescent, Birmiughsm. 
aged 67, Joseph Walker, esq. 

Westmoreland.— £al</y. At High 
Gelbert, near Kirkhy Stephen, aged 93, 
Mr. Robert Wharton, generally known 
by the name of '■ Old Robin of Gelbert" 
He was bom at Uish Gelbert. and oever 
slept in any other house but the one he 
was born in. 

Wilts.— Afoy 15. At Cmdwell, aged 
44, John Scager BuukUnd, esq. 



JARY. [Jul 

June S. At Marlborough, i 

SUnlon.Eld, eldest son of the late Stantoo 
Eld Chambers, esq. of the Ordoaince 
Office, Tower. 

WoRCKSTaR.— May 7. Suddenly, Miaa 
RuSord, only dau. of Philip RuSoiil, esq. 
of Heath House. Beilbroughlon. 

May 10. At Newland, Dear Malvern, 
aged 86, Thomas Cresawell, ecq. formerly 
of Slrulford-upou-AvoQ. 

May 31. In the CoUege PfcoincU, 
Worcester, aged .S months, Henry, second 
SOD of the Hon. and Rei. John Porlescoe. 

June 7. Aged 92, Aogusta, Second dau. 
of Reorge J. A. Walker, esq. of Norton. 

Juaf 12. At Barboum, aged 75, John 
Pearkca Lateader, esq, banker, of Wor- 

YoBK.— ifoy 17. At North Ottering- 

lon, aged 43, Marian, wife of the Bur. F. 
A. Slurkey. and third dau. of the late 
Robert CoUini, eiq. of Ipswich. 

May 18. At Thirklehy Park, Caroline- 
Agues, eldest surviving dau. of Sir Robert 
Prankland Rnssell. hart. 

May 25. Suddeuly. at Ackwortb 
Lodge, aged 24, Anna Mans, tifih dao. 
of the late Richard Wihon, esq. 

.Aged 76. Joseph Dresaer, esq. of Top- 
oliffe, near Thirak. 

Junth. AtDoncailcr, ■gedS2, Fnneei, 
wife of F, W. Fisher, esq. and only dan. 
of John Jackson, esq. of Louth, Lincoln- 
shire. 

Jane B. At Wol^ton House, aged 7t), 
Sarah, relict of William lIoU, esq. 

Juru 11. Aged 33, Emma, wife of P. 
F. Whitehead, esq. of Beech Hill, Saddle- 
worth. 

Walks.— Afay 19. At SwoDiu, aged 
21, Margaretu-Eliaabeth, eideat dan. of 
J. Jackson Price, esq. 

Jfay 14. At St. David's Colll^, 
Lampeter, Clement-Gore, Infant aoD of the 
Rev. Edward Harold Broane, M.A. Vice 
Principal of tbe College. 

May 20. At GUsbury House. Radnor- 
shire, at an advanced age, Mrs. Williams, 
relict of Thomas Williams, ew). of Velin- 
newidd, Breconshire, and dau. of the late 
Thomas Hughes, esq. of Glasbury Houae, 
and Glyn Hall, Denbigh. 

Scotland.- j1^( 16. At Fort-Wil- 
liam, Inveraesa-ahire, aged 79, Mist 
Cameron Cuichenoa, sister of the Ute 
Sir John Cameron. K.C.B. 

.IliriliO. Al BalmBclellan,co. Dum- 
fries, aticd 91, Mr. Robert PalersDU. son 
of "Old Mortality," the hero of Sir 
Walter Scott's " Tales of my Landlord, " 
a worthy, quiet character of the olden 
school, who remembered much of ths early 
history of Galloway, and the agricultuisl 
changes which have so conspicuously 
improved the appearance of the c 




1846.] 

during the pmeot nnd preceding c 
tnries. Bred ■ iradeBinan, he punued for 
long the eren (cnor of hii tta;, uid *u 
murh respected for houcstj and punc. 
tnolilj. Bj iadnttrj and eponoiny be 
beatoired od his wdi ■ liberal eitucaliOD, 
whicb eoabled Ihem to ahape their eaurBe 
cmliiably in lociet;, and asaiit tbeir 
father ta his old age. His Dwa parent — 
tbe hero of Sir Walter Scott in " Ilia Talea 
of tny Landlord," — and wbo^ vocAliou 
aod appellatioD he ioherited. he of coarse 
mmemliered wellj bat from innate mo. 
dest; irai ifaj of speakiog of him in the 
compao) of slrangen. Lattertj, " Old 
Mortalilf," hmiliar from hia yoath up- 
ward mitii the chisel and mallei, devoted 
himaelf cDtirdy to monumental masonry, 
•ome graie-jrird, for the most part, hia 
votlLBhop. Id Ihia faToarite Tocadon he 
fre^ncnClj threaded the moat ioaccetsible 
■pots in Diunlries, GaUowajr, and Ajr- 
Bhit«, in the pursuit of hlii emplojrmenC. 
It WH tiom the deceued tbst Mr. Joseph 
'nwn KCeJTed the mell and chisel used bj 
"Old Mortalilf." and which, with hia 
permiaaion, Mr Carrie emplo;^ in giving 
■oiD« of hi* lajit tonchei to the fine figures, 
eanunemorative of himielf, now deposited 
In tbe Dumfdea Obaenatorj. 

Lmttlg. At Edinburgh, the CbevalJer 



de Soire. Knight of tbe Li^ioaof llanc 



Frenoii Consul. 




Jffl).22. Jemima-LouiM-Heoies, fourth 


dau. ofB-C. Urquhnrt. esq 


of Meldnun 


and Bjth. Ahcnleenshire. 




Ireland.— JIf ay 31. 


^t Stcpbena 


Green. Dublin, aged JM, Fra 


ndi Preoder- 


gast, esq. RegiiUar of the Ci 
eery in IreUud. 


lurtofChan. 





Lately. At Rithgar Villa, Dnblio. 
aged "H. Adam O'iihea, esq. archileci, lata 
of the Ordnance Uepartment, limerielc. 

June i. At Kilkenny, Sanh-Aun, 
widow of Major Cbarlea Mosae, Rojal 
Art. 

East- iNDiBS.-^an. 22. At Roja- 
pooram, aged 41, Lieut. Terence C. Cor- 
lej, 1st N. V. B., and Deputy Auist- 
ant Commisury of Orduatice, Port St. 
George. 

AfarcA !), At Mertzra, East Indies, 
Mary Lucy, wife of R, D. Farlter, e.q., 
M.C.S,, and dan. of the Rt». T. Bartlett. 

March 14. At Nukirel. aged 2T, Lieut.- 
George Willea Ommaney, 33rd Madraa 
Katiie Inf. 

Match 31. At Adamancottah, Capt. 
J. W. Rumsey, of Ihe 44ib N.I., eldest 
son of the late Rev. J. Rumsry, of Trel- 
lick, Monmouthshire. 



TABLE OF MORTALITY IN THE METBOPOLIS, 

(Including the District of Wandsworth and Cluphum.) 



M.l« SIMj I Uiiderl5 I7C& J 

K.J,?.. Mill 1*'^ 15 to 00 1568 /,,„ 

t-emales KI31 i | qO snd upwards mJ*'*^ 

Age not apecified 2 J 
Birtba-for the ibovc period 6694 

AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, June 83. 

Wlieat. I Barley. I Oats. I Rye. I Beans. I Peas. 

I. d. I. d.\ I. d. .. d.\ .. d. .. d. 

5a -d] 'in 1 [S3 8|33 o|»l 0|383 

PRICE OF HOPS, June 86. 

Snsaei Pocliet!, 5f. 4(. lo 6/. lOi.— Kent Paclieis, 51. 5ir. la 9'. bt. 

PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW AT SMITHyiELD, Juue SO. 

Uay, 3(. Ot. lo -U. Ui Siravr. U. \it. to IJ. 144,— Clover, 41. 5i. to bl. 15a. 

SMITHFIELD, June S6. To sink the OS-al- per stont- ol Hibs. 

Beef 8i. U. to 3i. 6<i. | Head ot Cattlest Market.June 83. 

Matton „...Si. Bd, lo 1<. 6^. Beasts 2701 <',aWes 809 

Veal 3.. «. 10 4#. id. \ Sheep and Lambs 33,820 Pigs 890 

Pork .3j. W. to 4i. \Qd. I 

COAL MARKET. June 26. 
WialU Eiida,rroni I3(, 6<f. to loi. 6d. per ton. Other sorts from tSi. Od. lo \b,. Od. 
TALLOW, per cwL-Toirn Tallow, 42.. Oil. Yellow Russia, 43^. M. 
I CANDLES, T(. Oif. per doz. Moulds, 9i.6d. 



METEOROLOGICAL DIAKV, by W. CAitY, Sthand. 
From my SS to June 25. ISW, bali inel^tt. 









li 


F-h 


ran be 


■ Tlierm. ■ 


■^4ia' = 


■?- 


6 




Ssls d IS^ 


9 


II 


11 


1 


5.5 


2 


Weelher. 


3s :l ^ll^ 


1 ^-"^ 


M,y 




~r 




n. i>ts. 




une • 


. « 


n. pin. 


se 


J» 


60 


M 


»,13 


6m 




67 


73 63 


30.20 fine ^ 


S7 




68 


23 


. 10 


da. 


U 


70 


77 6t 


,85 do. _>■ 


29 


ae 


68 


38 


.a* 


da. cloud; 


13 


70 


77 HI) 


17 ■ 


38 


60 


65 


53 


.31 


doudj, fUu 


14 


70 


77 OS 


, SO <Io. ■ 


30 


Cl 


66 


60 


,3t 


ftuo 


15 


70 


79 61 


.82 do. ■ 


31 


ea 


74 


08 


, 19 


do. 


16 


73 


70 6i 


,32 do. ■ 


J.I 


07 


73 


57 


. 17 


do. 


17 


71 


78 63 


. 35 do. ■ 




67 


7t 


57 


,82 


da. 


18 


73 


80 82 


,81 do. ■ 




67 


71 


60 


,33 


do. 


10 


57 


77 63 


. 12 cloodj, iM 




m 


78 


62 


,S3 


do. 


SO 


75 


8^ 65 


. 11 fiae T 




69 


77 


6! 


, 19 


lo. 


SI 


63 


72 67 


.28 do. 




73 


m 


05 


. 1! 


lo. 


S2 


70 


82 67 


89, 07 'hT.rn.thr.ltg. 




73 


m 


79 


.Oi 1 


rgT.A.hf.ih. 


ia 


63 


67 57 


. 68 rn. fr. ligblg. 


8 


70 


76 


61 


10.87 


cl^udMiiB 


HA 


62 


66 55 


, 43 ;cW.do.il.ih*, 


9 


67 


73 


00 


.83 


da. do. 


25 


57 


66 53 


, 55 tt.dj.itbi 


10 


65 ;e» 


6a 


,96 


do. do. 










The 


Thermometer 
DA 


bu bocQ 90* in the neigh 


ourhood 
OCRS. 


of London. 






LY PRICE OF 81 




1 
1 


1 

1 


1 


Si 


I 


rl 


|l« 


4 

1 


Ei. BUU, 
£1060. 






aioj 


95 


^ 


97il loll Olfl ,285 


|37i!N|>it 


SO 15 pm. 












07 


97* 






S7pm 




1 


loti— 






























Sii)^ 


93 


yj| 10* — 


266 


?7a3pi« 


.' IS 21 pm! 




il5 


97 


it7I 






a72)!pn 


. 22 IT pni. 






l%* 


03 
»S 
9a 
05 
05* 
95 















971 


iol— 






10* — 


: \m,. 


" 21 Up"; 






m ' 


^ 


1 ^i'i 


10* 03, - , ,- 




11 


; 07" Ji»i — 1 !alg7pir 


:n \liz 




— 


95 
95 


B7 lOi 1 'ajilpai 


. 16 pm. 


13 


— 


071 lot 1 i 1 SO pm 


15 11 pm. 


li 


— 


S 


07 10* 03 




aopni 


11 15 pm. 






eoel 


! 07 lOi 0+ 




'aewp. 










17 
18 


^ 


i 

951 


a S 


1—1— 


i72lpr 


: M l-^^m. 
- 11 16 pm. 




' C7 










k ' """■? 


'"^1 1 i 






1 


! 97, lOjl — ^! — ! — 


aOpm 


5 d'pm. 


-ffl 


D5 


1 ^' loj — 

1 961 m — 


1620 PIT 

13 p« 

^— J 1.23 p. 


. H 13 pm. 
11 9 pm, 

. 13 pm. < 


1 1 


- la pm. 




ABNULL and ALLENDER, Stock and Sl.itre 


Broken. 






G, Buk 


:huuber>, London. 






». ■. 


"""' 


to AM 




■"""■ 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINET 

AUGUST, 1846. 
Bt SYLVANUS urban, Qe»t. 



■ CONTENTS. 

^B Hixom CoBii(st>OMDeNCC. — Andrea Ferara— Cajit. Cox'i Covenliy Homuicei 
^H — Abp. PirVer's Leiten 114 

^M RtLAXD's LifE AND COHBESFONDENCK OF JOHS FOSTER,— CrOWC'l Le«H- 

■ don Uill. and oilier Poems— Dr. John King's Latia Ontioiu- Emendatioii 
on ft pauage in Paradise Lost— Pox'i aeconnt ot the death of the Duke of 
^Wl' 115— IM 

Eoodloft in SpBrliiin Church, Norfolk — Account of Sparham Church (vilK * 

PI'I') 13S 

Obigikal LiTTBEs, No. I.— HaUiweU'i Letters of Ibe Kingi of England, 137 i 

EUia'a Letitri illualraliTO of Bngliih history 144 

Gcaeatogf phfiicaU; cODsidered 149 

A NnncnpatiTO Will in 1550 , 1S3 

FanW account of J. W.Ne<cmwi, E«q «. 

Bmn in HnIliweU^ Hoynl Leltera 1S4 

PamilieaofSanlle, Th«a;te8, Neyille, and Clapbam ISS 

On tlie proportiont af ihe Second Pyramid 157 

Origtn of the Family of tlerbort 168 

pQCTHT.— Sminets. by C. S 159 

REVIEW OP NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

■ Mr*. Thomion'a Memoirs of the Jacobites, IGl ; Mignet's Antonio Perci and 
PhUip II. 163; Guizot's Hiatorj of CiviUMtion, 167 ; Baron do Bode'a 
TraTcli ia Lnriit^ and Arabist4n, lGt< ; Hardy'i! Palace of Fantasy, 170 : 
Annala of Horticulture, 171; Archeealogia, Tol. XXXI. Fsrt II. 1*2; 
Miscellaneoua Reviews 1*7 

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIf4ENCE.— Univeriity of Oxford, 
1T9; Unitersity of Cambridge — International Copywiight — Sale of Shares 

in Globe Newipsper ISO 

ARCHITECTURE. — Oiford Arcbiteciunl Society —Inatitute of British 

Architects— Chapel at Moulton 181 

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.— .SocietyorAndqaarira 183 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.~Proceedingt in Parliament, 188; Poreign 

News, \il°i: Domestic Occnrrencea 190 

Promotioai aud Preferments, 193; Births and Marriages '..,. I9S 

OBITUARYt mth Memoirs of Lord Chief JaMireTindal; Hon. Pierce Butler. 
M.P. ! Sir John TreTdyan, Bart. ; Adm, Sir CharUa Rowley ; Adm. Sir 
R. W. Otway ; IJeut.-Gen. Sir Charles Phillips ; Major-Gen. Pyera. C.B. j 
Ueut.-Col. Ryan, K.H. ; Thomas Bunbury, Esc). : Henry Uandley, Eaq-: 
Francia Glanville, Esq, ; Major Hamilton Irrine ; T. T. Atkin, Esq. ; 
Capt. W. Baltonr. R.N. ; Cant. W. Fletcher, R.N. ; R. V. Richards, Esq. 
Q.C.; M. de Ochoa; B. R. Haydoa. Eaq. ; D. A. Alexander. Esq. ; Mr. 

M.H. Barter; Bet. ChirUs Mayo ; M. Topflec 199— 2U 

CltTg7 deceased...., 214 

DiATBa, arranged in Counliei Sit! 

J R^islrar-Oeneral'i Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis — Markets, 333 1 
^B Meteorological Diary— Stocki. 324 

^H EmbtUliheil with a Representation of some Amcignt Paiktikos tX SrABSAM 
^H^ Chvigh, Norfolk. 



lU 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



Wi are happy to acknowledge the fol- 
lowfiif ittbtcriptions to the Repairs of St. 
John's Qatt> reottfwl ainoe our Uat 
Ktunber: — £ t, d, 

Rer. J. M. Traberne . 10 

John Bmoe, tao. FS.A. 10 

Mr. Battley, Reigate . 5 

Mr. Martin, Reigate . 5 

W. S. W. haa been endaaTOuring to 
twertain when and where Andrea Ferara 
(ha celebrated sword-ini^or flourished. 
Ihmn some notice of his blades by Mey- 
riek, it seems that it was temp. Hen. VIl'l. 
Re asks whether any reader can infDrm 
Mai when and where he lived or died, and 
whether there ia any Uk of him pub- 
Uahed. 

Laneham, In hla description of the 
Vaativitlea at Kenilworth Castle, In 1575, 
•thibitad before Queen Elisabeth br the 
Sari of Leicester, describes one of the 
principal performers, a Captain Cox, of 
Corentry, as possessed of a curious library 
cooaisting of 62 romances and ballads. 
Of thaae 43 are aaoertained to be stUl in 
existeoee, but the remaining 19 have 
hitherto elndad aU aearch. W. R. in. 
quirea whether any of our Correspondenta 
oan state where tbey are to be found, either 
in priot or MS. ?is. — Frederick of Oeneya 
^Lucrece and Enrjalus — The Caatle of 
Ladiea^ Garvuantua — The SackAill of 
News— Daniers Dreams — The Book of 
Fortune— The Budget of Demands— The 
Book of Riddlea — ^The Seven Sorrows of 
Woman^-The Chapman of a Pennyworth 
of Wit— Youth and Charity— Nugixee— 
loipatient Poverty — So woe is me begone, 
trolly lo— Over a Whinny Meg— Bonny 
Laaa npon a Green — Mv bonny one gave 
ma a boek— and Nostradarana of Franca. 

Henry Boame, the Nawoaatla Anti- 
qoary, who died 1733.— >Any Information 
napetttM hiaa or hia fiunUy wUl be thank- 
IWy r oaa bed by the Rer. £. H. Adam, 
■oa. High Baworth, Gataahead. 

H. P. wonhl thank any of the Conw* 
ipon i a iH a In the Gentleman's Magaiina 
who oonld inform him whether the crest 
of tha MtaNll flunily (a cap of mainte. 
anoa faiinMl on the top proper) alhidee 
lo any yarttebr ovtnt ia thoir hiatory. 

It wu oar inUntion to have given in 
oar proaoat anmbar aoma arconnt of the 

' lif Wr. Upooll^ eoUacstloa of M98. 

i4b daAwrad. It shall not bo aagtoetod I 

of tht docamt ata which won dli^ 



peraed on this occasion were of coaalder- 
able importance, not from their mora 
cario^ aa antogitmha, but firon thfllr 
historical Talne. We have raaaon to 
believe that manv of them have fonndtiidr 
way into the national stores at the Brlttikh 
Mnaenm ; but of this we hope to glTe an 
accurate report in our next. 

ONt WHO CALLS HIMStLr Alf AnTI- 

QfTAmT is certainly right in the orthogra- 
phy of that designation. Need he doubt 
It, when the institution ineorporated by 
royal charter for the stndy of antiauities 
is called ** The Society of Antiquanea ?" 
But if he goes to the President of the 
'* Arch«oloi:ical Association," he may 
atill probably find himaelf called an amiu 
guarian. Sir Walter Soott, though ha 
made many miatakea in the oonrse of hia 
fffN^-antiquarian writinga, still avoided thia 
impropriety in the title of one of hia b<^ 
Novels. 

We have to thank two Corraspondanti 
for a reference to the first edition of Uart^s 
Bceleaiastical Records (see Mag. for July, 

£. 68). It waa pnbliahed, it aeema, at 
ambridge, in 1836, by aubscription ; 
which, probably, acoounta for our never 
haTlng seen It. It la very strange that 
after a lapae of ten ran between the first 
and the aeooad aditioot and thoaa Ian 
years of vnexamplad atteatkm to ecclesi- 
astical antiquitiea, tho aathor ahonld not 
have been able to conoot a fow mora of 
his many errors. 

AacHBiaBOP PAEKia. Wa beg to di- 
rect attention to an advertlaement of a 
meditated eollaotkm of the lattara of this 
prelate, whidh appaara in our adrartiaing 
columna nndar the title of Uie Parker 
Society. Mr, Bruce, the editor of the 
projected work, will be very mnob obUgad 
by the commnnieation of aay information 
respecting the archbiahop. 

EUIATA. 

P. 91. The preaent Lord Dowao is not 
M.P. for the county of Rollaiid* He re- 
tired firam the rrpraaaatatioa of that 
county in the month of February in the 
present year. 

P. 99. The Hon. and Vary Rav. Edward 
Townaliend iraa Dean of N9rwi9k aad 
BOtofWiadaor. 

P. 105, col. 9. The date of Mr. Burka*s 
death waa Juaa 9. 

P. 109, col. 1.^ Cabanet rtud Caba- 
Bd. 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



l.if) and Corr»spoKdence of John Foster. By 3. E. Ryland. S toIb. 

*• NO part of History," saj'a a writer, who himself has left us Bome ad- 
■nrable epecimpns of his skill in this branch of writing, " is more InBtmcdve 
■nd deligntfal than the lives of great and worthy men ; the shortness of 
■ttwin myites manj readprs, and there are snth little and yet remarkable 
fSMBges in them, too incoasiderable to be put in a general history of the 
we in vhich they Uved; that all people are very dtf^irous to know them. 
This makes Plutarch's Lives to be more generally read than any of all the 
Wiks which the ancient Greeks or Romnna writ," Thus tax Bbhop 
Bomet writes in his preface to the Life of Sir Matthew Hale; and then, 
•fler mentioning these circumstances, which, attending the hiography of great 
and illnitrious characters, make them belong raliicr to general than, parti- 
cnlar hittoiy, he adds, '* But the lives of private meu, though they seldom 
fntertain the reader with such a variety of passages as the others do, yet 
certainly they offer him things that are more tmitahl/, and do present 
wisdom and virtue to bim. not only in a few ideas, which is o(Wn looked 
on as a piece of the invention or fancy of the writer, but in such plain and 
funiliir instances as do both direct him better and persuade luni more ; 
ud there are not such temptations to bia« those who write them, so that 
»e may generally depend more on the truth of such relations as ore given 
In them."* 

Of Mr. Foster, whose life is now brought before our readers, il may be 
nlBcient to say, that, as a writer, he must 'be allowed to stand in the first 
Tlllk of those who in the )iresent age have been distinguished for originally 
of csnception and el^ance of language. We could without difficulty 
expms the delight we have experienced, and the benefit wc have recdved 
from repeated perusal of his " Essays ; " but it will l>e more suitable and 
more satis&ctory to show how they have been estimated by persons who 
roost be acknowledged to be competent Judges of literary merit, and who, 
thoogh differing from each other widely in moral feeling, in religious senti- 
ments, and intellectual habits and discipline, have all united in affording 
their restiraony to the high merits of these writings. Sir James Mackin- 
tosh writes from India — " I have read with the greatest admiration the 
Essays of Mr. Foster, whom perhaps you know. He is one of the most 
profound and elegant writers that Enftland has produced." The late 
Bishop Jcbb wrote to his frieud Mr. A. Knox — " 1 have beeii much etnick, 
much graiiBed, and ««t not a little a thinking by a re-penisal of Foster's 
EcMj'ft. Thai man is surety of a very peculiar mental frame." Again,— 
" I am so pleased with Foster's Essays, that 1 have coronuauoned a 
biend to buy them for me." *c Mr. Robert Hall, m a review of this 
work, has expatiated at greater length on the various powers and attain- 

* rrwhtt to the Lift o( Sir Matthew Hale, br Biihqp Bvnet, p. ui. *«■ QifiKd 



116 Ryland's lAfe and Correspondence of John Foiter. [Aug. 

ments of the writer. He says, (for we must select a few words out of 
every page), '< We are highly gratified when we meet with a writer who, to 
a vein of profomid and originsJ thought, together with just views of reli- 
gion and morals, joins the talent of recommending his ideas, by the grace 
of imagination and the power of eloquence. A cast of thougnt, original 
and sublime, an unlimited command of imagery, a style varied, vigorous 
and bold, are some of the distinguishing features of these very sing a l a r 
Essays," &c.* After praise so great and discriminating, he who has been 
previously like ourselves acquainted with the work will not fail to recur to 
it with a desire like that of visiting the scenes already known, after hear- 
ing their beauties eulogized by persons of taste and judgment ; and also by 
a hope of discovering fresh excellences which have escaped us in oar pre- 
vious perusals. Such an admiration, however, of a work cannot well exist 
without a desire to become acquainted with the history of the author ; 
especially when the individual mind is so strongly stamped, as in this case, 
on every moral page, and has given its peculiar features to every verbal 
illustration. The biography itself, though well executed, has the £iult, so 
prevalent at the present time, of being too extended ; and, though there ia 
no doubt but that many, not only personal friends, but those who belong 
to the same religious party, and who are justly proud of such a minister, 
will feel through all its length a source of undiminished interest, yet when 
a book like this is printed, it is given not to a party, but to the world ; 
and if it runs into too great a length, it must be content to balance against 
the apathy or neglect of the many the admiration and attachment of the few. 
John and Anne Foster, his parents, occupied, at the time of his birth, 
a small farm-house in the parish of Halifax, near Hebdenbridge. In 
addition to the labours of the farm they devoted part of their time to 
weaving. The father is described as a strong-minded man, addicted to 
reading and meditation, and so pi^udential that he did not many till he 
wa» upwards of forty. In religion he was a Baptist. Both he and his 
wife lived to a very advanced age, though suffering much from bodily 
affliction. He died in the 88th year of his age, in 1814, and Mrs. Foster, 
surviving him about three years, died in December 1816. Their eldest 
son John was bom September 1770. He is described as a thoughtful, 
silent, and old-fashioned child. He had no juvenile associates at home ; 
his brother Thomas was four years younger than himself, and he had no 
sisters. He seems to have had much constitutional pensiveness and 
nervous irritability, of which some singular examples are given. By nature 
he was tender and humane, and he had a romantic admiration of natural 
scenery in its grandest and noblest forms. His behaviour to his parents^ 
was uniformly dutiful ; he b^an early to assist them in weaving, and till 
his 14th year, worked at spinning wool to a thi*ead by the hand- wheel ;. 
but his manipulations were not very correct, nor his workmanship satis- 
fEictory to his employer. All this time he was studying closely but 
irregularly. He would often shut himself up in a ham ror a considerable 
time, and then come out and weave for two or three hours, working like a 
borse. English literature was, of course, all that he could indulge in, but 
the old man had the ambition of higher training for him, and when he 
was only four years old would lay his hand upon his head and say, <^ this 

* See life of Sir J. Mackiotosh, toI. i. p. 371. Conespopdence of Bishop Jebb| 
vol.i. p. 919. R. HaU'i R«Tiew8, p. IO.^Rbv. 



I 
I 



I 



1846.] Ryland'B Life and Coryetpondetire of John Foster. !1? 

head will one day Irani Greek." Six days after the completion of his I7th 
vear he became a member of the Baptist Church at Hebdenbridge, and he 
gave such satisfactory proofs of his abilities that he was set apart for the 
mimstieriHl office by a special religious senice. To gain classical in- 
struction he became an inmate of Brearly Hall, where Dr. Fawcett directed 
the studies of a few theoli^cal candidates. Still a part of every day was 
spent in assisting his parents at their usual employments ; during the rest 
of the time his application to study was so intense as to excite apprehensioUG 
for his health. Frequently whole nightu were spent iu i-eading and medi- 
Ution. His scholastic exerdsea were marked by great labour, and ac' 
ramplished very slowly. One very judicious method is mentioned which 
he adopted for improving liimself in composition, that was, taking paragraphs 
from (Afferent writers and tjying to remodel ihem, sentence by sentence, 
into as as many forms of expression as he possibly could. No doubt 
but this plan, so judiciously conceived, and careflilly executed, was at- 
tended with the best effects, and, indee<l, may be recommended to all, 
especialtv to those whose early reading is extensive aud miscellaneous. 
'■ So one," a friend remarks, " vraa better quahfied to write on decision of 
rbaracter. It was from early life the habitual characteristic of his mind ; 
he formed his purposes and then proceeded to execute them, nothing 
wavering. He was always examining everything that came within the 
range of bis observation ; neither wind nor weather, night nor day, oflered 
any obstacle ; he accomplished his purpose." He now entered the Baptisl 
college at Bristol. Dr. Caleb Evans, the president, was lately dead ; 
Bobert Hall had just removed to Cambridge, but his place was ab^ filled 
by Joseph Hughes, the founder and secretary of the British and Foreign 
Bible Sodety, aud so congenial were the minds of the tutor and pupil, that 
a friendship here began trhich ended only with life. It is supposed that 
Fo«ter possessed greater originality of thought and affluence of imagination, 
while the other was probably superior in a more exact intellectual training, 
and had attained a greater maturity of religious character and sentiment. 
Robert Hall he did not see till afterwards. He says in a letter dated 
1792 to Dr. Fawcett, "ffa/( is expected by his relatioaa in Bristol next 
month. I tfhall be quite eager to see him. The opinion which the most 
sensible here entertain of his powers leads me to think that all the accounts 
you have heard rather fall below than exa^^erate them." After leaving 
Bristol the first place in which Mr. Foster (mgaged as a preacher was 
Newcaftle-mi.Tyne, but he remained here only three months. His mode 
of life here was that of a recluse, his mental habits undisdplined, bis 
application to study fitful and desultory, and his purpose as to die specific 
employment of his future life uuflxed. He himself describes his habits as 
■ovetenlely indolent, and at the age of twenty-two he says, " I have still 
to begin to Uve," He was now invited to preach to a Baptist society 
meeting in Swift's Alley, Dublin. "A dull sanctuary, in which 1 preached 
with but htlle interest, and they heard with less." In a little time he re- 
linquished this ungrateful employment, visited Yorkshire for four months, 
and then returned to Dublin to make an unsuccessful experiment in a 
classical and mathematical school. He says. " During this second visit to 
Dublin my connection with \'iolent democrats and my share iu forming a 
society under the denomination of ' Sous of Brutus,' exposed me at one 
perioJ to the imminent danger, or at least the expectation, of chains and a 
dungeon." Of his theological 0}»ai9us at tte tun? he says, " I have dia- 



catrdcd the doctrine of eternal punithments (to thii opinkm he abiui 
adhered). I can avow uo opinion on th^ peculiar points of CalviniaBy ibr 
I have none, nor see the poesibility of forming a satig&otoiy one. I 
no fiociniani but I ami no doubt, between the orthodox and Aiian 
nor without some inclination to the latter. It is a subject for deliharalkwit 
perhaps loi^ investigation, and I feel a sincerity which aasaret me ftat the 
issue, whatever it may be, must be safe.' He returned oooe nuBe to 
Yorkshire in February 1796, where he continued till hie xemo^ to 
Chichester, where he remained about two years and a hali^ applyiqg himeelf 
with great earnestness to his ministerial duties ; but his oongrf|^oB he 
found wanting in religious feelings. Their numbers were rediused by death 
or removal, and soon afier his departure the society became esatiBet In 
1799 he left Chichester, and resided for a time with Mr. Hmhes «t 
Battersea ; and about this time he first met Miss Maria Snodie. 

In 1801 he visited for the last time his friends and relations in Yoik* 
shire. He found his father in a feeble state, though he lived maiiy yean 
after, his mother much declined, and his brother married. Not oolf had 
he no affection for the plaoe of his nativity, but he says he had an intcnae 
antipathy to it, and felt no pleasure, with the exception of a wild aoHtoij 
vale or two, in retreading the ancient vestiges. ^* Few local 
befriended the romantic feelings of my early youth ; they did sot 
attadi themselves to the place, but were enclosed within m^ymUf a&d.flaified 
away.** He now for the first time mentions his personal ***y***~"iiHMi 
with Hallr— ><< I was two or three times in Hall's oompanyi aad ~ 
preach once. I am any one*s rival in admiring him. In some 
able manner every thing about himy all he does or aaysy is 
fQwer. Jupiter seems to emanate in his attitude, gesture, look, «Bd 
of voice. Even a oommcm sentence^ when he utters one* seams to teU heiw 
much asore he can do. His intellect is peculiarly potential^ aad Us ima* 
ginatiDB robes, without obscuring, the colossal font of his mind* He 
made a grand sermon on the fear of death, though I was told it waa aet 
his very best,'* &c. Of himself, about this period, he dius Bpeiki 
<< I am endeavouring, wherever I am, to examine every object widi the 
keenest investigation, conscious that this is the best of all methods iv 
obtaining knowledge firesh and ori^^nal. It was by this method fhit Dr. 
Johnson was empowered to display human diaracter in his Rambler, and 
Thomson to describe nature in his Seasons. It is impoasifale to adift 
amay kinds of instruction with precision without that minato and vauam^ 
VMa knowledge which observation alone oan supply." It is •winMng to iee 
htoiv 'in a letter to his parents, thus touching on the great queatteaa of 
Mbevty and necessity, in the following casual manner^-— ^ I have just keen 
Beading an author who mentions, with very great force of reaseaiiig, llitf 
ae wnam ee a W in ntw eiiwUwn have acted differentUf from what ae Ant 
dbae** ThMgh I do not see how to refute nis argumente, I ftelaa tf I 

^ "Lift fis quote <mttaii«Qli}ect the words of & poet of Msh j^eHhis, ladsscMhr tf 
lae^HttaiaMMrti, and let at itfir to one of tiie moat atttaodtveposaM laedr 

'* Of this be sore, 
Wbefs/^SMlom is not, there ao virtue is. 
If these be aoiie» this world is all t cfaesS, 
And the divine stability of Heaven, 
That assured seat of good men alter dettth, 

II bttt a triasimt cAoudy tUspisfcid foMr 



eufht to dif^ from his opinion. He nttn to Jonathan Edwards as & 
poweriiil advocate of the Mtne docfrine. He aaja inch bd eipression as • I 
will exert my wlf ' is absurd. It i; an expression which, not with standing, 
I un inclined to repeat, as I view the wide field of duty before me, " Bw. 

To cberiih virtuoni hope : but at one word 
Eladn Ihr (ense, and loiU oar bonMt hitb, 
Vuilihlng in k lie. If [hU be to. 
Wei« il not bitter to be barn a beul 
Only to fp«l v-hnt ii, And tben tu 'scape 
The agtiiili Tetr that shakes the sITIicIed breist 
With aore uiliety of what ihall be. — 
And ail far aought ■ Since oar moil wicked let 
Is not our lin, and our rsIigioD* awe 
DdiuioD, if that strong neceiaitjr 
ChaioB up our will -. but that the mind itfitt. 
The mind heriKir, hot judge of her own >taW, 
1« feelingly conrinced, nor to he rooted 
By subtle word), that nsj perple-x the head 
But ne'er pereuadc the heart. Tain ar^inCDt 
Thai, with Talse weapons of phllosoph;, 
Fight* a^iut Hope, and Snise, and Natare'i etrength I " 
Bw Ltwodon Kill, by W. Crowe, Publio Onttor of Oxford:— At the end of (b* 
..„>.n,i „™.~ 1.. fcjund^ ij a Latin poem call«I Romului, 1803. in 
and with very classical and correct verllGiutloa 
n the luE Due of ad afaUe qturJUg ucaptd tb* 



aa in geaeial rery ai 

" O mague Corae, tompiu jam U 



I 



, . , loDgum 

Ucroi faisti, umafiai abbine diiui.'' 
Tbt flnl fyllable of " Aat" is of course long. 

We alto take tlu present oppartunity of mentioning that there is at p. M <J thia 
l^tiM a eopy of mutt intended la bave been spaken in the Theatre to the Dake ol 
PortUnd. at hia installation as Chancellor of uie Uaivereilyof Oxford in the jwr 
1 793 1 but the (enea were coDiidered at that time to breathe lao strongl^r o( the ipiriC 
of liberty, and we belicTC lome Uncs of Dr. Cyri! Jackton were lobstitnted in Ibeir 
room. We. boweier, in Ibe pmeni case, after ei'ing Iheni the bumble meed of our 
praise ai a noble composition, beg (a remark tliat no one has obaerred that they are 
erideDtl; tliadowed frgm passagn in Doctor Kiog't Oritio in Theatro Sheldoniano. 
Lei DB please at once ourselvea and our reader* by selecting a passage from a poem 
that brcalbes the spirit ofTynreni ;— 

" for since that lime 

The imperioBS victor oft. unsalufied 

Witb blood; spoil and tyrannous conquot, dan* 

To cballeage fame aud honour, and too oft 

The poet, beading low, to lanleis power 

Hath paid unseemly reverence, jea and brought 

Streams deaiest oftbe Aonian foant to wash 

Bloodstained Ambition," Sic. 





a at ewihma 


urbium maiiniJ deUctentnr, el oon modo ho»libua, led suis molUotu 


eiitium. Inda 




snmrot ob«er- 






S«e also in Lewesdon Hill, p. SO -— 




■• not sneh 




As rise in cuuselesa war, troubling the world 




By their nud quarrel, and in lields of blood 




Hailed victors, thence renown'd. and called on earth 




Kiagt, beroea, demigods ; but in high hearen 











120 Ryland's lAfe ami CotY$ifo/l^ietic% of John FoHer. [Aug; 

He seemed at this time as unsettled in his political opinions of patriotic 
duty, as he was unversed in metaphysical speculations ; for he says, << My 
reflexions are sometimes very serious on the question of what would he my 
iuty in the event of a French army appearing on our plains ?" Did he 
mean on the question of joining them ? He opens a view of his religious 
opinions about this time to his friend Mr. Hughes. " I hold, I believe, 
accurately the leading points of the Calvinistic faith ; as the corruption of 
human nature, the necessity of a divine power to change it, irresistible 
grace, the influence of the spirit, the doctrine of the atonement, in its most 

heroicis ittis tetatibuB, et in omnibus setatibus tales viros, imminitate natars iniigiict 
semideos fecit, et pr»iicaTit, qnos ego quidem, et mecnm sentiont boni omnet, viz 
Qsquam animum induxi, ut homines putarem ! " — P. 17. 

Here wc have — 

— " too oft 
The poet, bending low, to lawless power 
Hath paid unseemly reyerence, yea and brought 
Streams clearest of the Aonian fount to wash 
Bloodstained ambition," &c. 

We possess some very learned annotations on Dr. King's Latinity in our copy of 
his Orations ; but whether they were by Mr. Bowyer the printer, or by Dr. Squire of 
Cambridge, we do not know. That the former wrote such notes, see Encyclop. Brit, 
art. " Bowyer.'* It was by Dr. Clarke't advice that they were not printed. On 
Dr. Squire, see King's Anecdotes, p. 154. These venerable Orations produced alto 
criticisms from other quarters, by Dr. Burton, and by Philelentiierus Londinensis, and in 
the Monthly Review for 1749. We could add much more on this subject, but a 
friendly voice says, EVc^c, we shall therefore only observe diat there was a Jokm Kmg 
also Public Orator of Oxford in the time of James the First, whose Latin Orations 
we possess, A.D. 1625, and we cannot refrain from remarking that the learned editor 
of T. Warton's Poems (Mr. Mant) has not observed a note appended to King*s Yindiot- 
tion of himself (p. 16), in which he says, — ** I can now honestly boast, that I have 
been libelled by the wortt and celebrated by the bett poet in Bngltmd.** See tlM 
Triunph of Isis. 

The passage Dr. King alludes to is at v. 110, and a fine passage it is :— 

** See on yon sage how all attentive stand 
To catch his darting eye and waving hand. 
Harkl he begins with aU a Tnlly's art 
To pour the dictates of a Cato^s heart : 
Skilled to pronounce what noblest thoughts inspire. 
He blends the speaker's with the patriot's fire : 
Bold to conceive, nor timorous to conceal. 
What Britons dare to think he dare to tell. 
'Tis his alike the eye and ear to charm ; 
To win with action, and with sense to warm. 
Untaught in flowery periods to dispense 
The lulling sounds of sweet impertinence, 
In frowns and smiles he gahis an equal prize, 
Nor meanly fears to fSedl, nor creeps to rise. 
Bids happier days to Albion be restored — 
Bids ancient justice rear her radiant sword. 
From me, as from my country, claims applause, 
And makes an Oxford's a Britannia's cause !" 

We may observe also that the line 198,— 

'' A Raleigh, Hampden, and a Somers shine.*' 

was originally written,— 

" Hampden and Hooker, Hyde and Somers shine." 

In Whitehead's Epistle to Dr. Thompson, Dr. Khig is called Oxford's Flaccus, 
vide p. 91. Whitehead translated the Latin lines with which Dr. King's Apology con- 
cludes, vide p, 46.^RBy, 



1846.] Ryland's Lifi ani Corvespondmee of John Foster. 



121 

9 &ud emphatic sense, final perseverance, &c.— I am probably in 

the BBme parallel of latitude with respect to orthodoxy as the Reverend Dr. 

Watta, in the late maturity of his thoughts," &c. Again he says, " The 

^ greatest part of my views are, I believe, accurately Calyinistic. My opinion 

' respecting future punishments • is an exceptioD."f 

A few sentences like the following wiU shew the mind of the writer 
belter than anything we can give : he is writing to Mr. Hughes. 

" HaTeyonreaaybeganrourplsDof^rf- 
itiuria .' Tbe wries of muie has r 
Mine Dumtwr between fire und six hun- 
dred. Let me urge you not lo neglect 
thu. You luxuriate among hippy ■en. 
tPDcei and imigee, which ought not to be 
let Ttniib, like fury howera, to be teea ao 
more. Take one book for pointeil, philo- 
Mphic, or fanci/ul articles; aaolher ex- 
cIdstcIj for the striking paaMges ia your 
nnwriCtea sermons. I caaldeagerly begin 
a plan as this but for tbe ominoug 

In a letter written from Downenit, about this time, Dec. 1801, he says, 

— -" Here one recollects that prince of magicians — Coleridge, whose 

. mind, too, is clearly more original and illimitable than Hall's. Culeridge 

' is indeed sometimcii less perspicuous and impressive by the diilance at 

I which his mental operaUons are carried on. Hall works his enginery 

I dowe hy t/ou, so as to endanger your being caught and torn by some of the 

I wheeb, just as one has felt sometimes when environed by the noise and 

I gigantic movements of a great milt. I run very sorry that by means of a 

I Bhort-hand writer, or by any other means, some of Hall's sermons cannot 

be secured and printed. It is proiiablc that, on the whole, they would be 

equal to Saurin's — as lo manly simplicity, much preferable ; for I now dis- 

' like Saurin's ingenious arrangements. I read yesterday his sermon on the 

L passions — the greatest I think I ever read or heard." 



' Tbe leriea of muie hu reached with other auticipatianE, and with the 

the uddesl melancholy. I have n Ihoa- 
SBDd lime* recollected a Ibongbt uttered 
by you ia one of our ramhlei in a gloomy 
mood — 'Say 1 shall be damned — how 
fooliih Ibeu to think of these trifling in- 
troductorj ills 1 but say, I abnll be saved, 
obtain boundless telitity in a ihort time — 
bow weak then to complain of these mo- 
mentary pains, "t 



* To aOT who might momentarily be led into a wish to believe tbe Roman di 



lsr"pnrK 






r Boliced it in any writer, — thai this doctrine of purgatory, which may appear so con- 
[ loIatoT; lu some, really briags with it DecesBarily this most dreadful consequence, that 
I at the moment of death punishment to all ncceasarily begin*, and that the instant the 
[ breath It out of the body it ia plunged in the immediate toraienl uf purgatorial fire. 
> ii tbe consoling doctrine of Saint Pelefs church ! Let ui tatlier bow in 
r hombleDni, and t*j, 

" Come Deo tuoI che 'Idebito si pagbi, 
Non attcnder la forma del martire, 
Penu la auccaaion, |iecaa ch'a peggio 
Oltn la gnu aenlenUk non po ire." 

Dante, II Purgatorio, c, i.— Rbv. 
f Se« ilao p. 13G, Letter xniii. to Dr. Pawcett ^ he owns that onn be bad some 
dtfTM of doubt toudiing ihe divinity of Chriit. — Rrv, 

i We beg to point out a moil judiciona and eicellent letter from Mr. Foster to Dr. 
Rylaod, which occun in this part of the narrative, (April 1801 ,) on the tatter's aer- 
■DOD, " Art thou become like unto us.'" He aaya, " With the esception of Battel, 
and n few more, I am afraid that those who have eipatiaCed most on infernal cubjecU 
ha»« felt tbeni the least." The rule Uid down in tbe following paiiage strikes ua a* 
Boat judioioua, — " The utmoit ipace I would allot in toy writings to Ihh part of the 
Rveitfiona of our religion should not exceed the proportion which in the New Tosla- 
mcDt tlila Dart oftrath bears lo the whole of the Mcred book, thefriod fiuduiental 
spirit ofwbieh ii love and mercy." AiCi — Rev. 
I Gw(T. Mao. Vol. XXVI. R 



M 



129 Ryland's lAfe and Correspondence of John Poster. C Atig. 

His biographer informs us that Mr. Foster commenced before the age of 
twenty, probably with a view to authorship, the practice of committing to 
writing observations on natural objects, illustrative of human character, 
and reflections on morals and religion. He selected some of these 
under the title of " A Chinese Garden of Flowers and Weeds." They \rere 
continued through successive years, and contains, on the whole, eight hun- 
dred and ten articles, of which the editor has made a pretty copious selec- 
tion, occupying about seventy or eighty pages ; and, as the philosophy of a 
life appears to be condensed in them ; as they are the faithful record of 
personal feelings, daily reminiscences, tranquil reflections, and conversa- 
tional observations ; and as they reflect the thoughtful, serious, and 
inquiring character of the author, perhaps more strongly and in a shorter 
compass than any other portion of the composition, we make some extr ao to 
from them, with this previous remark, that what we have omitted to select 
is not therefore necessarily inferior in value, but that, when the balance of 
merit is so nearly even, the choice becomes of less in^>ortance. 



''207. Ca$ual thoughts are sometimes of 
mat value ; one of these may proTe the 
wBf to open to «8 a yet unknown apart- 
neot in the palace of Truth, or a yet un- 
explored track in the paradise of sentiment 
that environs it. 

''218. I am not observififff I am only 
9%9ing; for the beam of my eye is not 
charged with thought. 

" 300. All pleasure must be bought at 
the price of pain : the difference between 
fUte pleasure and true is just this — for 
tiie tme^ the price is paid hijhre you enjoy 
il— for the/d/M, after you eojoy it. 

'' 321. We are, as to the grand system 
and series of God*s government, like a 
man, who, confined in a dark room, 
should observe, through a chink of the 
wall, some large animil passing by ; — be 
tees but an extremely narrow sfoipe of the 
object at once as it moves by, and is utterly 
unable to form an idea of the sise, pro- 
portions, or shape of it. 

'* 330. Argument from miraclet for tiie 
treth of the Christian doctrine8.«4Surely 
it is fkir to believe that those who received 
from heaven superhuman power, received 
likewise superhuman wisdom. Having 
rung the great hell of the univeree, the 
sermon to follow must be extraordinary. 

"364. If a strauger on the road is 
anxious to have you for a companion, it 



is commonly a proof that his company is 
not worth having. 

<*379. No scheme so mortlffiag at thai 
which employs large means to aooompUik 
little ends. Let your system be, magni- 
tude of end, with the utmost economy of 
means. 

<<383. Fancy makee vitality wbera it 
does not find it ; but all things are e/tM. 
On this unfrequented walk even the dry 
leaf that is stirred by a slight breath of 
air across the path, seems for a moment to 
have its little life nid its tiny pnrpote. 

*< 402. How little of our kaowiedgt of 
mankind is derived from tnUmtUituA acea- 
rate observation. Most of it has, un- 
sought, found its way into the mind frtna 
the continual presentations of the objects 
to our unthinking view. It is a knowledge 
of eeneation more than refl^eiht^ 

** 455. Few have been snAciently sen- 
sible of the importance of that economy in 
reading whidi selects, oAmt^ eteelmiMff 
thevery>frff order of books. Why should 
a man, except for some epeeM reason, 
read a very inferior book, at the very time 
that he might be reading one of the hi^est 
order ? * 

** 464. Struck, in two instances, with 
the immense importance, to a man of 
sense, of obtaining a conversational pre- 
dominancct in order to be of any use in 



* Mr. Gray was accustomed to say that he knew well from experience how much 
might be done for persons who would have recourse to great original writers only, 
who would read with a method, and would never fling away his time on middling or 
inferior authors. In this particular, indeed, no man ever gave more powerfully the 
precept and example. Mr. Gray knew that by this unremitted culture of the mind, 
oondneted with judgment, it is not uncommon to find persons, when thdr under- 
standings are; matured, become members of society intrinsically more excellent, and 
publicly more distinguished^ than those who were or^ghiaUy their superiors by nature, 
wit who trusted to their parts alone, and were content with desultory apnlicationf ftc. 
— Matthias'i Obseryatioas on Mr, Giay's Wittings, p. 87.— Bit.' 



1$46.J RjUnd's Life and Corretponiente of John Fotier. 



■nj oompaajr eicecding (he amiUest n 
b«r. Ejunple. W. Frnd. 

"491, How thongbtless often i 
■Mialiit'* or a pretchei'i enumeratioi 
Wlwt ■ firm or " 




I 



Li mioil iDKj bear witb 
pactence, or tyta compUceDrj ; » djitase, 
pain, Tednction of fortolie, lou of fritnds, 
MlOBUIjr, Ac. ; for he ctn eatiYj adil 
tMnlt. Alul honoppreuiTeuibesleady 
amiieifalion onlj of uiy one of theie 
erOi. 

" $08. A man of abDity, far tbe cbief 
ef hii RMding, >hoDld select nch worlu a 



m- ind tranicendent cmotioiia of piety, i 

at aU the neceatary conseqaoiKW, 
: a " 650. 3Jord Chatham Id hli ipeechra 
of did not reaion : he aCrucli: u by iiiCnition 



directly on (he rtiulti of reuoDiDg, aa a 
cannon shot tlrikti the mark withont your 
■Ming it! oonree through tbe air a* It 
movei tonardi its object. 

"Gri2. 1 hBveobaprved.IbatmoiitUdie* 
who bare had what is conddsreil an 
education, liave no idea of an edncatloft 
progremiTe throngh lifit. Harine attained 
of accompliihiDi 



be bete beyond hii own power to ha.Te knowledge, manners, &e., tbej coniidor 
prodocMl. What can other hooka do for themseUes ti madt tiji, and bo take thdr 
nlo bat waite hii timetnd augment hia station; they are pictureg wbiob, being 



I 



I 



n bat waite hii time and augment hia 

" SI2. I uierted tbe alrength of 
Barke'a mind equal lo that of Johnson's. 
Johnwn'a itrength ia Biore conspicuous, 
beeanae it ia barer. A very aeconi[ilishcd 
Udy *aid, — ' Johmon's sense teems to me 
■och dearer, much more entirely dia- 
eloaed,' ■ Madam, it ii tbe difference of 
two walk* in a pleasure-ground, both 
vqaally good, and broad, and extended; 
bat the one is before yon plain and dia- 
tinct. beoaDM it is not beset with the 
flowcn and liliea which fringe tud em- 
bowiT the other. 1 am inclined to prefer 
the latter.' 

" ill. How is it poaaible that the con- 
(emtioD of that pair can be interesting ? 
Surely the great principle of eonOnncd in- 
tertac in such a conneiion cannot be to 
talk always In the same style of simple, 
ditwl personality, bat to introduce per- 
sonality into the subject: — to talk of topics 
an aa to intolte each other's feelings, with - 
oat perpetually tallt>»g dirtettg at eiicA 
•Mtr. 

"630. Shakespeare had perceptions of 
enry kind x he could think any way. His 
mind might be compared 
Ibe prophet sew in his tu 



they are pictures 
qnite finiabed, are now put 
a gildf'l one if pos«ibte — and hong up In 
permanence of beaoty I 

" S;2. Represented strongly to a yonas 
lady tbe importance of o lattejiyr Iki nt- 
limt, St e most fidtbful aUy to all moral, 
all religious, all dignllicd plans of bappi- 



" GQI. Surely the human mind, qnencli- 
ed as it is in a body, with all chat body's 
senxatioDS, ia not a thing to be worked 
npon by the preseDtation of troth I How 
little, in general, it thinks or cares about 
the whole displayed firmament of tmth, 
with all its constellations I No, the case 
of mankind is desperate, anleas a con- 
tinual miracle interpose. 

" 709. A •cry respectable widow, r»- 

the first quarrel that goes the length of any 
harsh or contemptnous UDguage.iaan un* 
fortunate tpaeh in married life, for that 
the delicate respectfulneas being thus MM 
broken down, Ihe same kind of language 
much more ea«ly comes afterward* : there 
ii a feeling of baling Ie*ii lo bee thaa 

" 715. It aeems a thing to be regretted 

which liad that so mnch of our Lord's coaetrialiim, 
consisting of momentous and infallible 
truth, should have been irretrierably lost. 
How much larger, and, if one may say aor 
how much more valuable, tbe New Teata* 
ment would have been if all the instruc- 
tians he altered had been recorded. By 
what principle of preference were tbo COn- 
veraatiDna which the Evangelists record, 
preserved, rather than the others which 
are lost ? ' 

JW. RecoHeotive remark on my Ui- 



rtam, sad earry him irresistibly away to- tidiousncta, in t(spe<.i of penooalitiet of 



. •( eJJ 01 

' " G4&. P. mode some most interesting 
ofaeervationl on the moral ifficl of tbe 
study of natural philosophy, including as- 
tronomy. He denied as a general fact the 
tendency of this last grand sdence to ex- 

Cd, snhlime, or monlixe themind. He 
talked with the famous Dr. Heivrhel. 



Itw 



1 

4 



>cfc<] 




wwde the tbrotie of the Divine Majeaty. 

P. motioned him on the subject. Uer- 

•diel told him that these effects took place 

[ in bii mind in but a very small degree ; 

ft U*« probably than m tbe mind of a 

I VMt without any Mience at all. Neither 

m% kalit Iff fiovtf tiling, nor my peculiar 



I. I know scarcely any 

whose Caking my orm in walking alottg I 
should be cordially jTstilied, sod net eery 

"744. The eujqnent Coleridge some, 
times retires into n snblinve mysticism ol 
thought ; he rebti tiaiielf in moonliBlti 



I 



124 Ryland's Life and Correspondence of John Poiter. [Aug. 

and mores among images of which we can- are substantial forms of tense or fantastic 
not be assured for a while whether they visions." 

In consequence of the high testimony borne to Mr. Foster^s character 
by Mr. Hall, he was invited to become the minister of a congr^ation at 
Frome, where he removed in 1804. The congregation was small ; he 
lodged and boarded with a quiet, respectable family, and he writes, *^ I sleep 
in a small chamber, the very room in which Mrs. Rowe died." It was 
during his residence at Frome, that the *' Essays," for which he gained 
justly so much reputation, were published. They appear to have originated 
in his conversations with the friend, who was idierwards Mrs. Foster. 
Those who, like ourselves, have not only been instructed by the wisdom, 
but pleased also with the force and energy of the language in these essays, 
will listen with curiosity to what the author says regarding their composi- 
tion ; nor will it be without its use, if it only teaches us that the compod- 
tion which we consider sufiBciently correct for our own private judgment, 
will appear deficient when we look at it with the eyes of the reader, and 
fixed in the unchangeable mould of the press. 

'* When I began this work and had pro- that whole pages could not be mended, but 

ceeded a little waj, I found I had a job in must be burnt, and something new written 

my hands, with a vengeance. To my as- in their stead. On the whole, I verily be- 

tonishment and vexation, I found there was lieve the revision and new-modelling of 

not a paragraph, and scarcely a sentence, the job has cost quite as much mental ex- 

that did not want mending, and sometimes ertion as the original writing of it," &c. 

He submitted his manuscript to the judgment of his Mend Mr. Hughes, 
making at the same time a very correct observation on the degree in which 
such assistakice is advantageous. '< 1 would make one yemariL once for 
all, viz. that when a m^ has written so much as to have formed his style, 
it will have a certain homogeneity, from which it will result that the sub- 
stitution of different forins of expression will not always be an improvement, 
even when they are better in themselves, since they may not be of a piece."* 

* This useful and judicious observation will be extended by the clawicsl scholar to 
the subject of emendatory criticism on the text of the ancient writers, as wdl as to that 
on our own poets, as Shakspere and his contemporaries. Who cannot see that, widi 
all his immense learning and sagacity, Bentley never could make the spirit of Horace 
his own, nor Warburton Shakspere's ? and, as poetic talent is a rare gift, it is in the 
text of the poets that the most unfortunate and discordant alterations have been made, 
though highly ingenious and the product of great learning. Now we will let our 
critical canons, if it so please the reader, be pointed ogainst ourselves ; and observe 
that there is a passage m the very opening of Paradise Lost, in wfaidi we conceive 
an error of the text has remained from edition to edition nnrectified, in which 
the introduction of a single letter has altered the sense and imagery. 

" Him, haply slumbering on the Norway foam. 
The pUot of some smaU night foundered skiff, 
Deeming some island, oft, as seamen tell. 
With fixed anchor, in his scaly rind. 



Moors by his side under the lee, while night 
Invests tiie sea, and wished mom delays.* 



Here is a picture of a ship that has already /o«iiifere<f or sunk being moored to an 
island ; while, night is twice mentioned in the same little passage \ — an unnecessary and 
most ungraceful repetition. Who, therefore, we feel inclined to say, would hesitate to 
say that the true reading mnst be 

" Some small ni^A-fonndered skiff?" 

As the skiff was nearly foundering, the pOot takes the advantage of mooring it for 
lecuritv to what he fancies an island, till the light of morning arriveSt We pledge «U 
our litUe reputation for criti^sm on this emendation.— Ke v. 



I 



I 



1846.] Byland's Life and CorrttponiltHr.e of John Futttt: 125 

Home Tooke, to wliom they weie »hown, said, " Lei him simplify ; there 
is a basis of good senae. If he is a young writer ho will Uo." hi four 
months a second edition was called for, aod he devoted tlic autumn and 
winter to a careful revision of them. " Mending and botchinj! up bad 
sentences, paragraphs, and pages. The book had at least four thousand 
fUults, and two oi- three thousand I have felt it necessary to mend. A 
great many needless words, and some that were too fine,' have been sent 
about their business. Many long sentences are made shorter, and many 
ildefut ailments are made fuller and clearer," kx. They were revised 
and praised by Mr. Hall, though hi< also made some pointed and diacri- 
minative remarks on faults in the composition. 

He now l)ecame a regular contributor to the Eclectic Keview, and 
was so occupied that upwards of thirteen years elapsed before he again 
appeared before the public in his own name. In 1805 a morbid slate of 
the thjrroid gland made its appearance, affected his powers of preaching, 
and led for a time to the resignation of the pastoral office in 1806. and he 
now depended entirely on his literary esertions for his support. A picture 
of his secluded and solitary life at this time is given by him to a friend. 

"Ttuflut lii months I have lived b far si frant jonr haute to (he left of Wick 
littlE •>}OBlorihc totm, in a bouiie smid LaneiancI.eiceptuiK my E»m|;to Briitol.l 
the fteJd*, hito which fields, hoirefcr, 1 hnye hsrclly erer taken B good long wilk 
hwHIjr ever gi, becange I c&n see (hem so for Ibe but nine moDtbs. I iiImoEt de- 
well dmingh my window — the window of cline til iiaitliig, uid have nut dined from 
■n upper room. I hardly ever what can bume, I believe, ai\ times these laat leven 
be called take a walk, e:ice]]tmerely in the months. The family consista only of s 
garden a4ioining the house. The beau- worthy man and bis nrorlhy wife, witb a 
tin of nature we brought )D directly under tittle servant girl, and witb tbem I pa>* 
my eyn and to my feet, that I am rarely away the time neMitary for meali," tie. 
prompted to go in qneit of them, even u 

This solitude, however, like other extreme things, was soon (obe dissolved 
by Hymen's hand : a house was taken at Bourton, in Upper John Street, 
Miere liis intended bride resided. He was now thirty-sevcii, and his " dear 
friend" Miss Snooke six years younger. The spring came, and he confesses 
that never did the snowdrop, and other vernal flowers of hope, appear in 
his eyes with such an interest. When a philosopher is in love, it is gene- 
rally in good earnest : still the web of life is chequered with good and evil. 
Hehadtlie anticipated happiness of Miss Maria Snookc's hand on the 
one side ; on the other, the good man's mind was much preyed on " by 
the abominable vermin called taxet, a far more mischievous creature than 
the locusts of Egypt ;" and, besides, be mentions that he had lost all 
atlachmeiil to this world as a locality, and shall never regain it. As Mr. 
Foster does not often give us information as to his literary pursuits, or 
favour us with his opinion concerning the merits of tlie dif^rent authors 
whose works he peruse<l, we may as well here make a short quotation on 
this subject from a letter to his friend Mr. Fawcett. 

" I have lately read, at the wme time, learning uid iaduatry whicli it djsplsyi, a* 

Gibbon'i Decline ood Pall, and Baxter's by the commanding intellect, the keen 

aecoont of hii own Life and Timei. The gagadty, apparent in almost every pagv. 

work of Gibbon eicilra m j utmoat admi- The admiration of hii ability extends even 

ration ; not lo much by thi: immense to his manner of shewing his hnlred of 

• Mr. Porter, however, never cleared hia style from snth words as teucbrit 



M 



1S6 Rylaiid*8 lAfe and Correiponchnee of John Fosier. [Ai^f. 



Chmtianii^y which ii exquisitely subtle 
and acute, and adapted to do Tery great 
mischief, eren where there is not the 
•mallest aTowal of hostility. It is to be 
deplored that a great part of the early his- 
tory of the Christian Church was exactly 
luch as a man like him could have wished. 
There is no doubt that, in his hands, fathers, 
eooncils, and the ancient contests and mu- 
t«al persecutions of Christian parties 
take their worst form ; but after every 
aUowanoe for this historian's malignity, it 
il fanpossible not to contemplate with dis- 
gust and reprobation a great part of what 
ue ChristiMi world has been accustomed 
to rcTere. I hare lately began to read the 
works of Charles Lesue} happening to 



see the odd volumes in the librtry of ul 
acquaintance, I recollected ^e Tery ttnmg 
manner in which Dr. Johnson oiiee spoke 
of this writer. I intend to read a huge 
portion of him with the most careful atten- 
tion. From what I have seen thus fiur, I 
doubt if there be in our languace a tiieolo- 
gical writer of greater talents in the Md 
of argument. I am gratiied in tiM ex- 
treme degree by his most deciilTd reaioa- 
ings against the Deists. A great part of 
his works seems to be against the Deists, 
Socinians, and Jews. Some of tlitBi ife 
In defence of the BitibMahed Chmrok, 
which of course it is now Yerj needlsis to 
read. He was very fieree against Dis- 
senters,^ &c* 



He was yery seyere on Sir W. Forbes's Life of Beattie, in the Edeetic 
Reyiew for 1807 ; but he was quite right when he said that the book was 
too big for the subject. Beattie was a man of genius, of leamingi and of 
worthy and well deserved to be remembered ; but two quartos filled with 
very commonplace letters were more than the public required, or the events 
of his life justified. We must extract one passage of the critique relating 
to the pecuniary assistance deemed necessary to Dr. Beattie, and to the 
pennon consequently given to him.f 



" Here is a man of moderate, economi- 
caly prudent habits ; a deep student, a 
diligent lecturer, an useful writer, and an 
amiable man ; who is in ciroumstancee 
hardly affording, or securing the perma- 
nence of, the comforts of life; and there 
are a very great numberof affluent, literary, 
tilled, and most affectionate dear friends, 
and Sir William among them, who are 
wi9hkigf and wishing, and wuhing that 
some little matter could be done for him, 
while they are rolling, many of them, in 
laxuT and splendour. That Mm di^icacy 
wouM not have refused their generosity, is 
evident from the animated gratitude he 



expressed for Mrs. Montague's hint. And 
here again is a desolate WMOW of extraor- 
dinary worth and endowmcnta, who it 
actually known to, and viiiied kg a gremt 
mimber qf penont qf dUHiuHom, tmd 
particularlg the DueheM qf Chriont who 
get lives dozens qf gears in a state next to 
aksolmte want (ike nisto qf Mrs, Ooek- 
kum) : and yet these persons knowlpg her 
Is mentioned by Sir W. with tiie utmost 
complacency I ! Now if a refiew can pass 
quietly orer an this as ^ very goOd and 
pretty, or just only make aome teiooeKt, 
insipid remark upon it, tlial review da- 
serves to perish," &c. 



* For the strong manner in which Johnson spoke of Leslie, see Boswell's Johnson, 
vol. viii. p. 287. Henderson, But, sir, what do you think of Leslie ? Johnson. Chariea 
Leslie I had forgotten. Leslie was a reasoner, and a reasoner who was not to be 
leasoned against.'' — Charles Leslie was a Protestant adherent to tiie Pretender, ia 
1714, and would have converted him from popery. — Rev. 

t Some of the descriptive sketches and the moral reflections in the Minstrel are 
exquisitely beautiful ; but there also was room for Gray's criticism, far there are some 
fhcmghts feebly expressed, and language wanting in poetic character and foree, as, 
L 37, ''Thine Edwin parts not so." 5S, "Such delicacy were right marveUous 
indeed." il. I, «< The assaults of fortune's fickle gale,'' 25, '* His harp lay him 
beside,'' 35, '* Heroes, alas! are ^things of small concern.'' 42, "We fear on earth 
as other men have feared." These, surely are very prosaic expressions. Mr. Riohard- 
fon, in hii Literary Leaves, vol. ii. 161, meotions a poem by Beattie on a report of a 
monument to be erected in Westminster Abbey to the memory of ChurehiU^ not to be 
found in the common editions ; he says " containing some wretched critielsm, and H 
spirit of vulguity truly disgusting. He endeavours to persuade the worid that the 
mind of Churchill was driveOing and duU, that he wrote nothing but coarse ddggml, 
and in fact was 

'' ' Bf nature uninformed, and untaught by art.* '' 

We have never seen this ; but we preivme that it is to m fimnd hi th» first aditi^ 
af fieattie'a PoeaM» printad at Abardaen, 17«1, WUaiili ff VKSfnm mikf, mtmf if 
"oama b«iiig omitted in the latar aditioiii««-RiT« 



IBM.] RyUsJ's tAfi mi CorrtipoHdMet ofJtha Fotttr. 1S7 

Of (lie Edinburgh Review, which be had lately purchased and wu 



diligently reading, he ^us speaks 



I 

I 

I 



k probably inper 
lidd for the lut ci 



r, be qaite in Tain mil DnjaYcnile habit of thiaking and eom- 
Urge portion of tbii ter- jiusiag. But I sball not b« made believe 
iK probably inperior that Ihey have doI an old fox or two 
among them. Yet they ail admirably sup- 
port the general level of able performance. 
The bellei-let tre* critica seem to be itocked 
with logic a« veil ai priuriplea of lute, 
and the icientific critics to be frauglit Hith 
aatire ui well as deSnitiooa. Either their 
modesty or their pride keeps tbem almost 
clear of any direct attentioti to theology, 
but their iaddeotal references are deteat- 



to eterytliing of the kirn 

tntr— «aytJiiiig(iaocBay1e'stime. 1 read 

it vitb abhorrence of its tendency na to 

relifioD, bat iritb admirslioa of eierythiog 

else. It caoaat fail to hav<< a very great 

effect oiD tbe literary TOrld by imperioualy 

lequiiiag 8 high style of intellectusJ per- 

§attDuict, and setting tlie ciatopte. ft is 

BHMt vonderfnl bay: a parcel of yowi; men 

ktTC aoqnired lucii exteosive and aomrate able and pernicious,'' Sm. 

kaovlcdga, and inch ■ finn, disciplined, 

Mr. Foster was asked by a friend t 
metit prevented him. I le writes, — 



meet Coleridge ; but an engage- 



"No a 



el a more animated 
on of Mr. Coleridge than 1 have 
retained ater lince the tito ur three times 
tbat 1 waa s Utile chile in liia company ; 
and, during his absence in Uie aouth and 
tbe east, I Lave very often thought with 
delight of the immense acquisitions which 
ba wootd at length bring back to enrich 
Ihe works which 1 trust the public will i 



bis rery beat and contlnned effort! to 
mend aa well aa to delight inajildDd, ihiw 
that he baa attained the complete mastery 
and eipansion of his admirable powen- 
.... He is able to take a station among 
tbe most elevBted ranks cither of the phi- 
losophers or the poet! Cattle says 

he is very greatly improved as to the re- 
s part of the character of his mind, 



him, and to which and that really ho is even substntiaUf 
II lias an impenous claim. And atill 1 ortliodBr, as well as a believer in Chrii- 
trvst hewilirecl the solemn doty ofmaking bsnity in general," Etc.* 

Mr. Foster was married in May 1A06 ; and aoon afU>r Lis health waa 
improved, and the morbid affection in his throat diminished, so that he 
nsomed his speaking in public, preaching once or twice every Sunday, 
la 1810 he was welcomed by the birth of a son. and in 1613 he made an 
escnnioD into North Wales with some friends. He says the delight with 
which he contemplated tbe magnilic«nt scenery was ardent almost up to 
tbe degree of poeby. Ilo ascended the imperial smumit of Snowdon at 
midi^fat, and saw the rising of the sun from the smnmit. This excursion, 
fce Hya, was undertaken more with a view to diversity of ideas, and laying 

* *— "■![ the note* in this part of the Tolnnie is the following ; " Wesley's inodtra- 
tion in sleep, and his rigid constancy in riaiug early, being mentioned in the company 
of Mr. Bradbuni, who travelled with Wcaiey almoBt constantly for years, he said that 
Wesley genenlly slept several boon in the course of tbe day ; that he bad himself seen 
him deep llim bonrt together often enongh. This was chiellT in his carriaga, in 
which he accaBlameil himself to deep on his joumeyi, and in which he slept aa rega- 
Isrly, as easily, and as soundly, as if lie had gone to bed. A sealous. ignoiant Metho^st, 
who coBiidered Wesley as altogether an ani^el, was most indignant at hearing this ssid 
by Mr. S. who heard Bradbum say it, and exclaimed, ' Bradburn must be a liar I ' " 
Td. I. p. 363. One step more, and this man would have been persuaded that Wesley 
woald rise and preach after hia dealli. Had this person louk^d into Wesley's diary, 
be would have fonnd bim mentioning occasionally bis daily ileepi : bat wlm he wrote 
bis notes on the New Testament, he would write from live in the morning till nine fn 
tbe FTCning, with Ihe exception of meals, and an hour Or (wo otberwiae bestowed. 

I" Pot more than fifty yesrs he had risen at fonr o'clock, preached trice or thrice ■ day, 
ud ttsrelled betweea 4,000 or &,000 miles every year, being found seldom or never ■ 
week together in the same place, yet he fbond leisnre to be one of tbe most Toluminous 
willcn bi the langaage." He lived to the age of 88. See Letters of Don E>pri«lla 
ftt nlsttttHlngaeeowttof biiB.vol, iU. p, 9, fcc^'Ki*, 



128 Ryland*8 lAfe md Correspondence of John Foster. [Aug. 

in some stock of imaginatioD, than from any calculation in the pleasure of 
beholding. In August 1815 he was at Bristol, and again heard Mr. Hall, 
whom he had so much and justly admired : — 



'^ The grand attraction at Bristol was 
the preaching of Mr. Hall, who happened 
to be on a visit there, and who preached 
three Sondays. I contrived to near him 
several times, and was glad to have the 
opportunity, as I had never heard him bat 
twice or three times before. . . . The last 
sermon I heard him preach, which dwelt 
much on the topic of living in votn, made a 
more powerful impression on my mind than 
I think any one I ever heard ; and this was 
not simply from its being the most elo- 
quent sermon unquestionably that I ever 
heard, or probably ever shaU hear, but 
for the solemn and alarming truth which 
it urged and pressed on the conscience 
with the power of a tempest. I suppose 
every inteUigent person has the impres- 
sion, in hearing him, that he surpasses 
tytrj other preacher, probably in the 
whole world. In the largest congregation 
there is an inconceivable stillness and 



sUence whUe he is preaching, partly in- 
deed to his having a low weak voice, 
though he in a large, strongly-built man ; 
but very much owing to that commanding 
power of his mind, which holds aU other 
minds in captivity while within reach of 
his voice. He has no tricks of art or 
oratory, no studied gesticulations, no 
ranting, no pompous declamation. His 
eloquence is the mighty power of spirit 
throwing out a rapid series of thoughts, 
explanatory, argumentative, brilliant, pa- 
thetic, or sublune; sometimes all these 
together, and the whole manner is simple, 
natural, grave, sometimes cool, often em- 

Shatic and ardent He seems always to 
ave a complete dominion over the sub- 
ject on which he is dwelling, and over the 
subjects on every side which he admits for 
illustration. He has the same pre-eminent 
powers in his ordinary conversation as in 
Lis preaching,'' 0cc. 



Mr. Foster's father died in 1804, and Mrs. Foster survived her hus- 
band to the close of 1806. During his residence at Bourton, his family 
was increased by the birth of five children, of whom two died in infancy. 
His time he describes as being very much at his own disposal — ^no 
visiting, nor travelling, nor letter writing, nor business to transact. He 
rose early, lit his own fire, and spent a great part of the day in his long 
garret, walking backwards and forwards for hours, thinking and com- 
posing, a habit he learned early in his musing life. He says if all his 
musing walks, since he was twenty years old, could be computed together, 
it would not unlikely be a length that would go several times round the 
globe. In 1817 he left Bourton, and became once more a resident and 
stated preacher at Downend. Of Mr. Fox's '< admirable fragment of a 
history," which had just appeared, he says — " We have read it twice, and 
some parts of it a third time; but I have entirely forgotten all it contains, 
except the death of Argyle, and a few more such interesting episodes. 
Did you notice this passage^-the death of Argyle?* excepting some Chris- 



* This is one of the most beautiful pictures in the pages of history, drawn with feeling, 
deUcacv, and taste ; the subject being most congenial to Mr. Fox's habits of thinking 
natoraUy gave rise to the reflections so impressively accompanying it. Familiar as it 
Is to our ear, and known even to the position of every little word, we still do not 
gmdge the labour of transcription, if we can impress thoroughly its beauty and tender- 
ness on others. "Before he left the castle, he had his dinner at the usual hour, at 
which he discoursed not only calmly but even cheerfully, with Mr. Charteris and others. 
After dinner he retired, as was his custom, to his bed-chamber, where it is recorded 
that he slept quietly for about a ouarter of an hour. While he was in b^ one of the 
members of the council came and intimated to the attendants a desire to speak with 
liim ; upon being told that the earl was asleep, and had left orders not to be disturbed, 
the messenger disbelieved the account, which he considered a device to avoid further 
oneitioiiinM. To satisfy him, the door of the bed-chamber was half opened, and he 
UMD beheld ei^oying a sweet and tranquil slumber the man who by the doom of him 
•»^ Ki. faUows was to die within the space of two short hours. Struck with the sight, 

out of the room, quitted the CMtle with the utnoit precipit«UQD; and hid 



18460 Hyland's Life and Cofreitponttenee of John Fatter. I 

tian martyrs, » nobler exit Biid cliaracter cannot be found in all the history 
of time," &c. He again retiirua (o his favourite character as a preacher 
and writer, Robert Hall.* 



" Now that I recollect, that eicelleoc 
which you praised, and which be has in i 
TtTj liigh degree, of m&kiDg brief, itran] 

ia tometime* carried to a fault. U< 
■nakct. in some placet, a uumber orlacontr 
propoiitioDS in lucceseiou, wbicli ori 
^oite independent of one uiotber 



il shall, St tbe tame time, be an integral 
and macparabls portion of-^Tiot an accu- 
mulation, but a combination, of^ 
thoughts, which are aitiating one auother 
bf a linked and contentaneoas action, to 
prove or illuatratp lomc one Imlh-t Tlio 
figure ii mncb leta than aufficicntlj strict, 
if I saj. Ihat there ia one long, identical 
rope, and that everj thought, hawerer 
richly dressed, is placed close behind its 
fellow, and giving a itoat pull. From the 
little I have yet read, I am strongly iu- 
think this said Jeremy !■ the 
moti completely eloquent writer in our 
langnage. There is a most manly and 
graceful ease and freedom in bis compo- 
titiun, which a strong intellect is working 
logic^y through every paragraph, while 
all manner of beautiful imagei coutinoally 
foil in as by felicitous accident." &c. 



k 



h ought la have been contrii-ed 
tntnrt. Or, to go from tbe buiinesa of 
wraviug to the more dignified one— fight- 
iug— he attacks with a number of single, 
separate, bold lavages, whom he should clined 
have disdplined and combineil into a 
phalaai. In this quality of writing we 
are all beaten hollow by the old workmen, 
inch as Hooker snd Jeremy Taylor; tbe 
latter is josl now more in my memory. 
Yon shall find him preserve a strict con- 
neiion throagh a whole folio page ; a 
aenttace ihili be a complete thought, but 

Afler many years' interval, Mr. Foster again fell iato the company of 
Coleridgp, lie says, — 

himself in the lodgings of an Bcqnaintance wbo lived near, where be flang himself upon 
the firat bed that presented itself, and had every ajipearance of a man lufiering (he 
most etcrociating torture. Hie friend, wbo bad been apprised by the servant of the 
■talc be was in, and wbo naturally concluded he was ill, olfered hioi some wine. He 
refused, saying, 'Not no! that will not hel)! me ! 1 have been in at Argjle, and 
saw him steeping as pleasantly as ever man did, niChla an hour of eternity. Bat as 
for me' — The name of the person to whom this anecdote relates is uot mentioned, and 
the truth of it rosy therefore feirly be considered as liable to that degree of doubt with 
which men of judgment reecite any spedcs of traditional history. Wnodrmp, how- 
ever, whose veracity is above suspicion, ssys. thai he bad it from ihe most unquestion- 
able aathority. It is not in iCieu unlikely ; and who is (here wbo would not vriah it 
tnte ? What a laliifactory speetacle to a philosophical mind, to see the oppressor in 
the Kuith of bit power envying his vicUm ! Whut an acknowledgment of the superi- 
oHly of virlue ! What an aflecling and forcible testimony to the value of that peace 
of mind which virtue only can confer I Wo know not who this man was ; but when we 
reflect that the guilt which agonised him, was probably incurred for the sake of some 
vain title, or of lust of aome increase of wealth, which he did not want, and possibly 
knew not how (o enjoy, our disguj( is turned Into Domcthing Uke compassion for that 
very foolish class of men whom the world calls wiie in their generation." P. 209. — Rkv. 
• Mr. Poster's high opinion of Robert Hnll seeml to have increased with every 
additional opportunity of seeing him. He ssys, in 1908, " I have seen a great ieiX 
of the intallectnal giant. His health is better than tometime paal. His mind seems 
of an order fit, with respect to its intellectual powers, to go directly among a superior 
rank of intelligences in some other world, «-ilh very liftle requisite addition of force." 
Mf. Poster was too philosophic and thoughtful to use words at random— be was far 
above flattery ; and yet, we confess, these words sound strsngely to oor ears, and 
highly as we eatimate Mr. Hall, we yet know nothing in bis works to justify such an 
eulted eulogy. At any rate, we think, before be joined the superior rank of iatelli- 
geoces. he would wish to leave the greater part of his " Liberty of the Press" behind ; 
hot on "The Sentiments proper to the Present Crisis," and "Modem Infidchty con- 
aidired," praise too high ran sraicelybe bestowed, as well for the rectitude of the opi- 
nions, as for the Elegance of the language. We found a few days since, in (he msnu- 
•cript Diary of Mr. T. Green, of ipawii:h, the following entry :—'• Hall on Modem 
Infidelity has borrawedso much from my pamphlel, even to phraseology, as demanded 
■n Bidmowledgment." — He alludes (o bia pamphlet on Morals, qnoted by Pr. Parr 
inlhenoteito the Spital Sermon.— Rev. 

t TU* i« ■ very just and discriminating piece of criUcism, and accords clogely with 
9Ir. ColcTldn't opinion on tbe same dua o( wiHtn.—Rlv. 

GofT. Mag. Vol. XXYl. S 



4 

I 



130 RyUnd'f IJf$ and Corrupimiinte of Tkowkoi FotUf. [Aug. 



'' I cottld not coBveniently bear more in UnfUfe iDOOfli|Mrably rick in 

than one of his lecturai (on Shakipere), and new combinations. In pontof tlMO- 

but It was a still higher luxury to hear logical opinion, he is become, indeed he 

him talk as much as would have been two has now a number of jeers been, it b 

or three lectures. I use the word /tuwrjf, said, highly orthodox. He ^ifea Tieto- 

however, not without s(»ne very consider- rioos war with the Socioians, if they en 



able quallAoation of its usual meaning, not, which I believe they now 

■inoe it may not seem exactly descriptive are, very careftil to keep the penee in Ui 



ofa thing involving much severe labour, company. His mind eontaiaa en 

—and this one is forced often to undergo nishing mass of all sorts of kno wl edge, 

in the endeavour to understand him, mi while in his power end manner of Pitting 

thinking is of so eurpsiwingly original and it to use, lie displays mote o# wnel we 

abstracted a kind. This is the case often mean by the term ffmUu tlian any mettal 

in the recital of Ibcts, as that recital ia I ever saw or ever expect to see. He Is 

contumally mixed with some subde specu- itQl living in a wandering, precarkyns^ end 

lation. It was perfectly wonderfhl, in comfortless vray, perpetually lonniBf pre- 

looking beck on a few hours of his con- Jects which he has not the steady reeofai* 

versation, to think what a ouantity of per- tion to proeecute long enough to aceoM- 

feetly original speculation he had utt«ed, plish.** &c. 

Mr. Fotter*8 pastoral labours, as far as preaching was concerned, were 
not socoessfiil in his second residence at Downend. His sermons, in 
short, were not snfficiently attractive, and he felt that he must resign his 
office. He dreaded attending the anniversary of a Bible society meeting at 
Kingswood. He was a man of simple habits, a lover of sense and truth, 
and being " serious in a serious cause, "* he said, << he utterly loathed and 
abominated the prevailing spirit and manner of these meetings, as exhibi- 
tioos of vanitT. eajcdenr, auod ostentation." He published his Essay on Popular 
Ignorance in 1820, which was the enlargement of a sermon he had preached 
in the School Socktj. He says he was in no danger of incurring the 
^Mm of iWacaltffla, for he exhibita the people as '* odiously and loath- 
■ wJ j vile, and degraded^ and depraved, debased, vicious^ and untractable ; 
IB ftigMblsaneness from one ace to another; sunk in the most barbaroos 
k^norancev with its ^>propriate depravities,** &c. The treatise sold so well 
uat in the autuaan he was reviaii^ it for a second edition ; '< treating no 
pag^ seataace, or word, wi^ the saallett oMremony, breaking, spli^ng, 
twisting^ pruning, pulfing up bv the roots, and using other severities. But 
we must confess that this offering of his brain, nurtured and disciplined 
with so much care^ is not, to our taste, nearlv so attractive, nor do 
we think contains anything like the groatneas and vigour, animation, and 
imagery of his earlier Essays. We know we speak against high authorities, 
but wc cannot help that ; we claim liberty of judgment on these matters. 
We know that Dr. Pye Smith calls it an eloquent production ; we think it 
a great deal too long for the staple of the matter. We must ask pardon—* 
we think it also a little dull ; and perhaps these were the reasons why, to 
use the words of this gentleman, it b a *' work which, popular and admired 
as it confessedly is, has never met with the thousandth part of the atten- 
tion which it deM^esJ* lu 1821 he removed to Stapleton, within three 
miles of Bristol, and, after a little period, made an end of lecturing ; but 
his pen was active, and he wrote an introduction to Doddridge's Rise and 
Progress of Religion. His domestic happiness at this time suflfiared a 

* Mr. Foster mentions in a letter to a fiiend that he oooaiders the adTantageous 
peenUarlty of his diction to consist in itsMri/y foOt f^Mt, Usheinr oompoeedorwords 
and ooml^nations direcUv fitted to the thoughu, disrenrding any general model, and 
JE^ccttng set and artificial formalitiee of phraseology. He detested the stately, formaL 
neasnrad, high bred sort of style, like that of Robertson and Blair; and conaidma 
llMt of Dry dM in his prose works as perhaps the beat ia our laagnage : his notions as 

r«|v4i It/if and oompoiitieB ave, U ov irtiaMittah ffryjvit and eormt^Rvr* 



I 
I 



I 



1646.] Bound's Liji afld Corvitpoitdmet o/John Potitr. 181 
Mver* trial, in the death of his only son by a rapid decline. Tha low 
moBt have been great to his parents, for he is described as a boy of nrong-, 
clear understan<ling', though reservBd disposition and religious fceliog. In 
192J Mr. W". Auderson came \o i-esidc in Bristol, as tutor to the Baptiat 
C-oU^, and Mr. Hall retired to spend his last years iu the scene of hk 
e«rly ministry. This was a great accession to Mr. Forster's social enjoy- 
ments; and on the occasion afterwards of Mr. Hall's death, he spoke of his 
loss as "a sense of privation partaking of desolateneBS." As a preacher 
he ttai, his like will come no more. He dectiued from ill health preaching 
his ^neral sermon, but wrote !«on)c obsen'atious on him an a preacher. 

The ensuing six jears, aayg his biographer, formed the saddest period of 
Mr. Foster's life. It began with the fatal illness of his n-ife ; her health 
had been some time in a precarious state, hut in the spring of 1832 the 
sympttana of decline assutned a dccidi^ly alarming aspccL She died after 
much mfiering in the early part of September. " It has been," said her 
husband, " an advantageous circumstance, that the period of her illness 
was appointed to fall on exactly the finest, brightest, and warmest part of 
the year, from May to September, during which, besides the uights being 
short, she greatly enjoj'cd the exhiliratiou of being drawn about the garden 
and TicitutT in a Bath chair, admiring the flowers, and refreshed by the 
fine air ana sunaliine, which she had not enjoyed so much for years before. 
He describes Iter as his .affectionate and viduable companion for nearly a 
quarter of a century, regarding her as the cause of not ouly tlie happiness 
he poesessed, but of the mental improvement he made, her intellect being 
strong and correct ; and for a refined perception and depth of reflective 
feeling;, hei* husband declared he had never known her equal. In 1833 he 
made another excurdon mto North Wales. He calls It "a fine liuurioas 
excursion, a gratifying adventure." Sorrow, however, came to meet him 
at the conclusion. His friends Mr. Hall and Mr. Anderson were gone, 
and their deaths were followed by that of Mr. Hughes. He vras soon after 
deprived of his only brother, and of one of his few early associates, " As 
lo companions and friends of early times," he writes, " they have almost 
all left the world." His brother he had not seen for more than thirty 
years, for during that time he had not visited his native county ; and now 
the last link of connection with it was broken, all would be strange ; few 
persons alive to remember him, and the very localities transposed ; the 
woods be rambled in cut down, and the romantic glena and wild brooks he 
loved possessed by manufacturers, and swarming with a rising population. 
Mr. Foster closed his literary labours hy an article on Polack's New 
Zealand in the Eclectic Review for 1839. In the siunmer of 1840 he 
rbited his friends at Bourtou, looking with a pensive interest and not a 
little painful emotion at the rooms he had frequented and the rural walks 
which he had trodden for so many years. 

He was in Loudon for the last time in the spring of 1836, at the house 
of Sir John Eosthope, devoting much of his time to the various exhibitious 
and works of art in the Britisb Museum and elsewhere. Mr. Foster's 
health had on the whole betn so gootl that he says he had not kept his 
bed a single day for the long term of fifty years ; but near the end of 
December he was attacked by bronchitis. From this, however, he appears 
dowly to have recovered, for in the g^tember of 1842 he went to Bourton 
for the last time, staying about six weeks, and appearing somewhat in- 
rigorated : but in .Tannary of the nest y Mr, 1843, he had attacks of spitting 
of blood, a troublesome cough, and Iwked thmucr wA luvre looguid' 'ru« 



132 . Rybmd's 1^9 and Ccrreipondenee of John Foiiet: Z^^* 

last time of his appearing on any public occasion was in June 1843, at the 
meeting of the Bristol Baptist CoUege, where he attended one examination* 
Towards September all the unfayourable symptoms were aggravated ; on 
the 24th he took to his room, which he never left again. It appears that 
his lungs had been diseased for many years. He sat op for a few hours 
almost daily till the day before his d^th. On Saturday, Oct. 14, the day 
before his death, he complained of feeling some confusedness in his head, 
and was much oppressed in his breathing. And now we must, for a final 
scene, take, as is most fitting, the very words of his faithful and affectionate 
biographer : — 

" He wai obliged to desist tbat dij the habit of doing ererj night for the last 

from his nsnal practice of having some fortnight. But towards four o'clock she 

one read to him ; and finding it very went to the door of his room to listen, and 

difficult to converse, he requested to be being satisfied from the sound she heard 

left quite alone during the afternoon and that he was sleeping, retired without going 

evening. This desire was complied with ; in. At about six o'clock she went again 

some of his family going occasionally into to the door, and this time hearing no 

his room, but not so as to disturb him till sound, she went in and found that he had 

the usual hour of retiring to rest. They expired. His arms were gendj extended, 

then particularly requested that some one and his countenance as tranquQ as that of 

might be allowed to sit up with him through a person in a peaceful sleep. Death had 

the night; this however he steadily refused, taken place but a verv short time, for only 

thouffh, in consequence of a long continued the forehead was cold. On Uie following 

fit of coughing, he was in a state of greater Saturday his remains were laid in the 

exhaustion than usual. The kind old grave, which, just seventeen years before, 

servant who attended upon him, from an had been opened to receive thoee of his 

apprehension lest she should disturb him, son, in the burial ground belonging to the 

did not go at all into his room in the chapel of Downend, whore he formerly 

course of the night, as she had been in preached.*' 

We have thus accompanied the narrative of Mr. Foster's useful and 
unambitious life to its conclusion ; and very brief and unfinished as our 
sketch has been, it must, we think, have left an impression highly favour- 
able to him, and such as will induce many to turn to the more copious and 
original biography. A few observations have been added at the*end of 
the volume on his character, by the editor and by a friend ; and we could 
almost wish they had been more minute. They describe his fondness for 
nature, and his delight in the various beauties which she pours forth for 
the delight of man.* He had great susceptibility to the skyey influences, 
as men of fine temperament and nervous susceptibility have, and he often re- 
marked how much less any given quantity of time was worth in dreary, 
inclement weather. He used to say it depressed all hb faculties, in- 
dependently of the low temperature. Mr. Sheppard says, " Mr. Foster was 
a genuine lover of natural scenery, and his admiration dwelt much on its 
separate features, even more perhaps than on the varied whole and 
the combined effect. I have known him linger by a huge ancient tree 
in the park at Longleat, still reluctant to quit the spot, and as if half ready 
to take root near its giant trunk. A lady with whom he visited many 
beautiful spots in our neighbourhood, speaks of the difficulty with which 
he was persuaded to quit Alfred's Tower, at Stourhead, where the pano- 
ramic prospect rivetted him. In the same mood he would gaze untiringly 
on a waterfall, or the rushing of a rapid stream. Though he did not 
possess any scientific acquaintance with music, yet he was passionately 

* " I have heard of a man who, upon his deathbed, being to teke farewell of his 
son, and considering what course of life to recommend that might secure his innocence, 
at last enjoined him to spend his time in making of veraes, and in draaring a garden ; 
the old man thinking no temptation could compare to either of these employments," 

*c. yid«Fea's«loqaeBt«A4i4iiur«)»kIitf«^UMttBMMi/p«^lr-'Riv* 



1846.] Ryland's Life and Correspondence of John Foster* 133 

fond of those kinds which were solemn and mournful. He used to wonder 
that it was thought impossible for persons, technically speaking, without 
ear, to feel interest^ in that art, and he strongly asserted the power it could 
exercise over himself. The productions of the great painters he much 
admired ; so that when he saw the specimens collected by Mr. Hart Davis, 
now at Mr. Miles's, he owned there was some advantage in being rich. For 
engravings and graphical works he had great partiality, and his library was 
so extensive and valuable as sometimes to make him reproach himself with 
the expense at which it had been procured. His civility and kindness to 
working people is prominently mentioned. He never would suffer a bargain 
to be driven with the poor. He has been known to go back to a shop and 
pay something more for what he thought had been sold to him too cheaply. 
" It isn't often we meet with persons that do that, Sir," was the remark of 
a young woman on his turning back and paying a shilling more for a 
lithograph which he had just bought. His charity was liberal, and con- 
ducted with the utmost delicacy and regard to the feelings of those h^ 
assbted. He was most anxious to prevent any expressions of gratitude from 
reaching him on such occasions. Once when he had transmitted quite 
unexpectedly a handsome donation to a person in a respectable station, but 
with limited means, he added " a most peremptory injunction that he might 
never be mortified by one syllable or hint in any way or tone of acknow- 
ledgment for so mere a trifle ;" but he was quick in appreciating any 
proofs of recollection and kindness made to him by his friends. All kind 
letters and messages had a more than ordinary value in his estimation. 
His address was perfectly simple, his language plain and familiar, and his 
manner indicating habitual meditativeness. In large mixed companies, he 
was not very ready to converse, as what man of sense and modesty is ; 
but in the presence of a few friends, the energy, the originality, and varied 
opulence of his mind were readily disclosed. In verbal wit he seldom in- 
dulged, nor was that faculty much allied to his other mental powers and 
habits. Some years ago, it is said, the Emperior Alexander's piety was a 
fa\'ourite theme at public meetings : a person who received the statement 
on this point, as Mr. Foster thought, too easily, remarked that really 
the Emperior must be a very good man. " Yes sir,*' he replied, gravely, 
but with a significant glance, " a very good man — very devout. No doubt 
he said grace before he swallowed Poland ! '' His disposition was medita- 
tive, and the turn of his mind grave, contemplative, and melancholy.* 
The subjects habitually occupying his mind were serious and important ; the 
great duty of his calling he had ever before him ; and what he has called 
the " moral authentic " of life was usefully and correctly balanced by him. 
His tendency to indulge in theories and questionings on the state after 
death, is a mental feature belonging to one like him who loved to sit in the 
shade, and, added to that, it is mentioned that he had always a disposition 
to listen to works of supernatural appearances, in which his belief was 
very decided ; and there was manifestly an earnest longing, not unmixed 
with hope, that a ray of light might from this quarter gleam across the 
shaded frontier. The belief of the heightened and conscious existence of the 
soul in an intermediate state he held with great firmness, and would have 



* " If I should live to the age of sixty, the radical character of my heart and my 
mind wUl probably be the saune as now, but the possible modifications are infinite. 
One thing is ccrtoin, that cheer/ulnets is not among the possibilities, for that would 
be a raidictd «biuige«''— -Rsv* 



194 RyUnd's 1^9 and Correipondence of John FoiUr. [Aujf*^, 

thought it an unfavourable indication in any one to maintain the contrary 
opinion. His style of preaching is described as distinct from what is called 
oratory, neither adorned with flowing eloqiienco nor graced by the elegance 
of gesture or voice, but simple, clear, and unambitious, illustrating his sub- 
ject by varied associations and images, enforced by calm expostidation and 
appeals, interspersing <* shrewd terms of half latent irony against irreligiou 
and folly, almost moving a smile by unconscious approaches to the edgre of 
wit, yet effectually quelling it by the unlooked-for gravity of the tone and 
purpose." If there are passages in his sermons where the literary style pr«- 
▼ailedy they are intermixed with others of a different cast, and, in their mode 
of expression and appeal, plain, pointed, and colloquial. His conversational 
topics were, it appears, drawn more than could be wished towards matters of 
civil and ecclesitMtical character, to political abuses, oppressions, the vices 
of a worldly people, and the inconsistencies of Christians ; in feict, to those 
subjects that lay in the compass of party feeling. This is avowed and 
lamented by one of his friends, who wishes that he had expatiated on 
themes of a higher class, though he rejects any such censure on his conduct 
in these parts, as party spirit will desire, and vulgar theologists adopt.* 
Disliking, as we do, all controversial recrimination, and the bitterness of 
party disputation, we shall go no farther than mention that Mr. Foster's 
dislute to the Established Church was great indeed for a person of so calm 
and philosophical a character, and was often expressed in terms of cor- 
responding force and meaning. But hard words are little correspondent to 
real philosophy ; they at once tend to debase the cau^ of literature, and m- 
crease the warmth of religious difference ; and he who is wise, and knows the 
value of peace and of time, will keep clear of " the subtleties of confident 
disputants, and the desperate art of words "f beiug quite satisfied that 
the wilderness of controversy may so thicken by degrees as at last to close up 
for ever the latent roads to truth, while the flames intended for the sacred 
lamps will wildly swell out and bum up the altar and the temple, and 
even Charity herself. It will only be necessary to add, that though Mr. 
Foster is chiefly known to the world as an able and eloquent writer, he was 
also esteemed as one of the ablest ministers in the communion to which he 
belonged ; surpassed only, but not obscured, by the splendour of Mr. 
Robert Hall, whose great abilities persons of all classes and persuasions 
seem equally to have delighted to honour. 



* Of Mr, Fetter*! moat eonioientioiu and diaintereated nature and feelingt no one 
could well doubt, without ezpoaing himaelf to the charge of prqudioe ui\juat aud 
unkind; but we remember a curiona paaaage which haa often made ua amile in the 
writiiiga of a dlaaenter of a very different cUaa, we mean Dr. Prieatlef . In hia Sermona 
on Free Enquiry in Religion (p. 44), we read the following worda :— *' The moat 
tfuiiable thing would be to allow Vnitariatu the uae of a church, when their pro- 
portion of iyth§i would be auificient for the maintenance of a minister of their own 
perauaaion." A modest and moderate requeat ! ! — Rev. 

t We have borrowed this expression from the works of a writer, which neither the 
extraordinary learning, nor the logical applioation of it, nor the greatneaa of the aub- 
jecta on which it is employed, have kept from paaaing away into the oblivioua gulf of 
time. AVe aUude to the work called ** Critical Observations on Books Ancient and 
Modern, by Thomas Howes of Norwich.*' For the depth of his researches, and tlie 
difficulties and obscurities which he encountered in his varioua and profound inveati- 
gationa. Dr. S. Parr haa diatinguished him in his Enumeration of the Academical 
WorUdea with the name of Tov A17X10V KoXvfiPrjrov, that name which Socrates gave 
to the philoaophio and aubtle Heraclitus. See Diogenes Laerliua, v. Heraditi, aect. 12, 
(p* 555, ed. Menagii), and Suidaa, v. Ai^Xiov KoKvftfiffrov. See alio Wyttcubach'a 

IcArncd Note to Fhitarch, (Moralia, vol. lu pan. Zf p. 721.)— Riv. 



• • • 

• • •• > 

"^ • •• • • 

• • • 

• • 

•• • 
..... 

■p. 

•• • 

• • • 



*^ 



ROODLOrr IN SPARHAM CUTTRCII, NORFOLK. 
fWiih ti PUiU.) 



Mb. Ubban, Yalta 

BY way of " peudnnl" to the very 

curious figiirea from Ncwnrk ciiurcu 

cMttoined ill jrour Mnguii ' ' 



ii bialiop, holding lils crosier in one 
hand, nhile the olber is raised in the 
net of giving the benediciion; and 
what 3«ems intended for a king, with a 



preKOt uiontu. I b«g yua to aocejA BCmtfe and a arythct the end of the 
the accoDipnuying druwinga (scv tnc ^tan of the Utter Eharpened, as !f for 
jtUtc). which I datter inyMlT will be the purpoee of fi^ng it in the ground. 
regarded u of scarvelj iivf«dor tine- Over the head^ of the llsure« runs, or 
ittt- la one respect, however, I nin rsithar r«i, the whole length of the 
■mire tlut the; must be allowed to be screen.aninacription, slating by whom, 
material]; so — J mean in their aeitber and at whwe espenie, and in what 
fomibig Buj portion of the Dance q/ year, it waa erected and painted. Si- 
Dmffi, so ailmirabl; illustrated by ray inilar records are by no means of un- 
lale friend Mi'. Douco, nor being in frequent occurrem^Cj but it generally 
anyway connected with it. We have hap^sthat, 8$atSparhain,l£eyarc90 
here no mixture of living and dead, no mutilated as no longer to be decipher- 
play of imn^nalive funcy; but the able. EveryiiortionoftheBcrecnabove 
whole is eober reality, The figures the paiutrd panels has here been 



.ire lii ^lutoD« ; and they telU in lan- 
gns^ not to be miaunderaloO'), 3 talc, 
which, while it comes home to the 
breast of every one, is peculiarly cal- 
culated to " l«ach tjic rustic moralist 
to die." But Uiey have nothing of an 
ulteriw Uftlii^ meaning, aucb ai>, in 
the phrasenlpgy of Pindar, " thoueh 
plain to the initiated, stands with the 
luim^ in need of an mterprctcr." 



ay; and even they are tadly 
injured. Their omamcntcd back' 

Cnd is almost wholly efiaced, and 
^ uents oidy remain of the rich tra- 
ce^; as is but too plainly shewn in the 
iLcoompuiying drawings. Of these, the 
Urrt represent* a skeleton just risen 
from hb tomb, in which all bis lower 
part remains hidden. His shroud, 
fuet^ned over his head, hanga looaelv 



Tney oucnpy the two compai'tmenla behind his back : his left hand fal^ 

that form the lower part of the south UL-gligently by his side: with the right 

side of the roodlofl screen in Sparham be poinia to a font : around hini, ao 

""■ " - three separate labels, is written the 



church in tliis county. Norfolk, 
jou are aware, is honourably distin- 
giudicd bj[ iu many painb-nl screens of 
Ihi» description. Mr. Hart, ' ' ' 



memte* no fewer ihan fifty-four ; 
,1 letter, Mr. Urban, in your i 
Alagaxine foi' October, 1841, brii-f attired, 
tliough it be, enters with muck iBatt 
and KnowleilgG into the Aubjuct. Thi 
excels reprecnted on the screens 
albtiit of e&svntially tbe same eha. 
neUv. p-tliibit nn *mnll vsrieiy, W( 



1 9th verse of the xth chapter of Job, 
us found in the Vulgate : " Fuissem 
(]u.isi Hon CBsem, de utero translatus 
iul tumulum." In the other compart- 
ment, both the male and l^ale figuresi 



though equally skeletons, are riehljr 

■■* 'in eyiaent mockery of human 

H scarlet robe lined with 



wilhoi.i 
ButlL.v 



;affed and trimmed with ermine. The 
scroll over his head is inscribed. " No- 
tus homo muliere brevi de tenqiote 
parvo;" while that over beni cotto- 
^ponds and rhyniee to it : " Nunc ect, 
uunc non <-st, quasi flos qui crescit in 
;irvo ;" and, as if in olfuMon to her 
motto, she holds to hint a noeegar, 
which he stretchc.i out hi: left hand 



this at SpEtrhain. Even here, how- lake. Meanwhile, his right supports n 
ever, the peculiarity ic confined to the stalT surmounted with Ijumin^ torr, 

— i!..:.!...!. :. 1,,.; r .. ^j^ entwined with the inscriptioc, 

" Sic transit gloria niundi ~ the self- 
same words as, accomiiauied with a 
very similar illustration, are thrice re* 

. „. _, . ^tedin the ears of the newly elected 

no symliel w budge to designate bw ; Pope during ths wiiaiiii vN(;W5\iw tjo, 



eontb »di 

more 

divided ialo fourcompartmeiiIs,wI)icli 

conhui^-ft female figure, apporentl;^ a 

queen; s tecond female ngurc, with ^eated ii 



i 



136 



Account of Sparham Church, Norfolk, 



[Aug. 



the day of hi8 coronation ; as noticed 
by Picai't {Ceremonies, I. part ii. p. 
53). 

I will not trouble you, Mr. Urban, 
or your readers, by enlarging upon 
the subject, and shewing how the same 
ceremony was, with small alterations, 
practised upon the enthronization of 
the Greek Emperors. It may be more 
satisfactory if I rather subjoin to this 
accoimt of the Sparham screen the 
few memoranda respecting the church 
which I brought away from a visit to 
it with Mr. Goddard Johnson and my 
daughter, in October, 1841, when the 
latter made the drawings. Blomelield, 
who is in general silent on every point 
regarding architecture, here so far 
diners from his usual custom, as to tell 
us that this church " is a regular pile, 
consisting of a nave with north and 
south aisles covered with lead, a tiled 
chancel, and at the west end of the 
nave a square embattled tower, with 
five bells.** To this may be added 
that it is a rather spacious building of 
flint and rubble, and entered by a 
south porch. Internally, the nave is 
divided from the aisle on either side by 
four wide pointed arches, supported on 
short octana;ular columns. The win- 
dows, as well in the aisles as clerestory, 
are all of three lights, and of the late 
perpendicular style. The same is the 
case with the east window. Those in the 
chancel are only of two lights : the west 
window is of modern insertion. The 
roof of the nave is original ; plain, but 
handsome. The font, which is ancient, is 
large, square, and supported on a central 
pilkr : each side of the basin is marked 
with two very shallow, simple, pointed 
arches. In the windows there still 
remiuns much painted glass, almost 
altogether figures of saints, and many 
of them perfect ; but the armorial 
bearinffs mentioned by Blomefield 
have disappeared. Of the benches 
several are old ; and on the backs of two 
of them is somesood open carving. The 
best is now endosed in a pew opposite 
the pulpit. The design and execution 
of its workmanship are elegant : in the 
centre is an escutcheon charged with a 
staff raffule, probably the armorial 
device of some family connected with 
the parish ; but this is a point IS have 
been imablc to ascertain. I need 
hardly say that the Calais branch of 
'he Wodenouses, who live near, bore 

d 



three such, bondwiiys, or. It is like- 
wise worthy of remark, that, imme- 
diately on entering the chancel from 
the nave, there are two arches cut in the 
wall on cither side, each sufficiently 
large to hold three persons, and both 
provided with stone benches. The 
last-mentioned circumstance seems to 
forbid the idea of their havinff been 
intended as tombs of the founders, or 
as Holy Sepulchres, which firequently 
occupy sucn a place on the north. 
Here 1 cannot but believe that all of 
them were orij^inally seats ; the 
northern appropriated to some resident 
men of large property in the parish or 
some civil authorities; the opposite 
ones to the clergy, who uniformly 
claimed to themselves tlie southern or 
ri^t-hand side. 

upon this subject, should further in- 
formation be desired, it will be found 
in the 3rd volume of the Vetusta Mo- 
numenia, in a letter from Mr. David 
Wells, containing " Observations on 
Stone Stalls in Churches,** appended 
to the description of the Stalls in 
Chatham Church, p. 4. Mr. WeUs ad- 
most doubts if the arches on the north 
side of a chancel were ever designed 
for seats. I am satisfied they were so ; 
for we have other examples in Nor- 
folk, and among them a very striking 
one in the church at Freethorpe. 

The following tombstones alone re- 
main, many having been recently de- 
stroyed on the repaying of the nave 
and aisles, where none are now lefl 
except the brass plates mentioned by 
Blomefield, page 261, including the 
effigy of Richard Dykke. 

Within the Communion rmls, — James 
Stoughton, clerk, 48 years rector of 
this parish and Foxley, died Ap. 5, 
1840, set. 73. Roger, eldest son of 
James Stouchton, May 15, 1837, cet. 
30. James llunt Hamant, gent. May 
13, 1772, aged 55; and Hannah his 
wife, Dec. 14, 1782, aged 63. 

In the Chancel, — ^Edward Atthill, 
M.A. youngest son of Anthony Atthill, 
gent. 15 years Fellow of Caius college, 
Cambridge, and 37 years rector of 
Sparham and Foxley, died 5 Oct. 
1790, aged 65 years. Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Neve, of North 
Tuddenham, wife of Thomas Cupper, 
rector of this parish, died Feb. 20, 
1662— .Yours, &c. 

DaWSOK TUBI^VA, 



ORIGINAL LETTERS.— No. 1. 

THE present pubtishiug season lias been particularly fertile in collec- 
tions of Original Letters. Tbey have come upon us in such nurobera and 
with such rapidity that we hove been unable to keep pace with them in 
our Review. We are now about to make an effort to overtake them, by 
devotiug a few articles specially to their consideration. In the present 

Eper we have taken the collections sent forth by Mr. Halhwell and Sir 
en^ Ellis. We shall nest give attention to Miss Wood," and afterwards 
to Mi. Carlyie.f In reference to the first of these collections we have 
felt ourselves obliged to speak strongly in condemnation of the carelessness 
rad inaccuracy which pervade it from be^nning to end. The book 
comes forth with an air of assumption and pretence, and is puffed in many 
quarters with extraordinary diligence, hut we would entreat its Editor to 
beware how he permits himself to be misled into again taking part iu 
■ucfa a publication. He possesses a zeal which, if employed in an honour- 
able aervice. would render him distinguiBhed ; but no zeal, nor any other 
rid quality, can withstand the evil inffuence of several such books. If 
would sink into a Ned Purdon, he will proceed ; if he would hold a place 
■nioi^it the labourers who do credit to literature, he mui^ retrace his 
stepa. No one will he more delighted than ourselves to forget that he has 



Lich a worthless pubhcation. 



ever had ihore ii 

To the merit of Sir Henry E!hs s book wo have already borne willing 
lectimony in the Preface to our last Volume. Miss Wood's work is one 
of great and varied interest, and is illustrated with the moet commend- 
able industry and research ; and Mr. Carlyle'a is, in many respects, a model 
of editorial carefulness and zeal. But we shall have opportunities of 
Btating our opinion more fully upon all these points. 

Lrtttrt of the Kingt of Eagtaud, wno fiit aiBected from the Origiaalii m Royal 
ArKkiee*, and /ram other aulhentic iourceii> privale as icell agpablie. Ediled, 
milh nn hUtoriml IntnubirtioH imd Nolo, by James Orchai-d Qalliwell, Eiq. 
FJt.S. Hob. M.RJ.A. Hon. M.HS.L. F.S.A. p.tc. 2 mi). Ui^. 1846. 



sets a Mgher value upon stance, the Parker Society) thinks the 

— .„i,..i J .:,i. .„ — spellina ahould be modernised. Both 

agree that the letters should be printed, 
and that they ahould be printed accu- 
rately ; but editorti and societies stand 
apart upon the point of adherence to 
or ileviation from the original spelling. 
Theadvantoge of modemiMition is to ^ 
found in the gt^uler easiness ofperusal, 
and the consequent greater chauce of 
popularity. "Theceneralreader,"asis 
hci'e observed by Mr. Halliwell, " can- 
not reasonably be expected to possess 
BufHcient leal iu the pursuit to conquer 
more than the moat ordiuarr difficul- 
ties •" and therefore it is obvious that b 
book composed of letters printed In 
the original speUing is not likely to 
become ^o popular as one in which ihc 



NO c 
original letters, as helps and ^ds 
accurate knowledge of historical Bub- 
jccta, ihun we do. We admit them to 
OS most Qselul, nay most valuable, and 
we are ready to hail every addition to 
nor pubUshnl stock of such documents 
with unfeigned gratification. But, as 
ID all other things, so in the publication 
of letters, (here are certain limils and 
distinctions which it is necessary (o 
hear In mind, and in the observance or 
tu^lcci of which is to be found the 
<USer«nce between a good book and a 
bad one. One e^tor or one society 
(as, for instance, the Camden Society) 
uinks that letters ought to be pre- 
toited in the ori^al spelling ; another 
editor or another society (as, for in- 



■ Lcttan of Royal and lUtutrioiiB Indies, 3 roll. Bto. 



138 



Original Ietters. 



[Aug. 



spelling in modernised. This is a fkct 
which no auticiuary, nor any other 
person, o«n be ignorant of, or can dis- 
pute ; and we are certain that Mr. Ual- 
tiwell is qiutc mistaken when he says 
that ** this fact our anti(iuarics seem 
fbr the most part to ha^e boon obsti- 
nately bent on cither not admitting or 
overlooking, as one inconsistent with 
the gravity of their avocation.** We 
ere astonished that Mr. IlalliweU should 
have been so long conversant amongst 
antiquaries without discovering that 
ihe adherence to original spelling is de- 
fended by arguments far more sensible 
than he here supposes. Its defence 
may be rested urmoipally upon two 
points. First, tnat such is the igno- 
rance, or the weakness, or the care- 
lessness, of human editors, that every 
p^mitted departure from the exact 
oruinal adds to the chances of error, 
ana is sure to introduce blundering, 
confusion, and untruth. 

And here let us pause a moment, 
and inc|\dre what sort of a comment 
upon this argmnent is presented by the 
book now before us. Mr. Halhwell 
has modernised his orthography : have 
eny mistakes crept into his book by 
reason of that moucrnisation, that is, in 
the very act of modernisation? No 
doubt of it. Ilundreds. We will ex- 
hibit a few of them. 

At p. 136, vol. ii., " lam sorcj* writes 
King James, *^the world should see you 
do** a certain act. It should be ttarry. 

At p. 155, the some king writes to 
Ids favourite, Buckingham, ** Mv sweet 
JUorfy," instead of ** swoQtheari, 

In the same page he promises to act, 
la a particular matter, ** as the toorthy 
of the thing shall prove.** This should 
of course hQ worth. All these mistakes 
have arisen fVom the incorrect moder- 
nisation oi* words terminating with the 
old final c. 

In the next page, and ulao in p. 159, 
the word cmmtMses presents an erro- 
neous modernisation, so perfectly ridi- 
culous, that it seems almost incredible 
'^t any editor could have sanctioned 
It. The original word is too gross for 
fmblication, even in James I.*s strange 
vpelling. 

At p. 169, the same process of mo- 
der&iMtion converts a waiH-eoM into a 
vxuh'coat; and in the next page 
c^ges ''fewer ships,** into ♦*/ofir 

*»P9 r Aaa »t p. 181, » jewd in the 



form of the letter I, worn at court in 
honour of the sovereign, is modernised 
into/r«/; and Prince Charles is advised 
to give, not his I, but his firaty as a pre* 
sent to some Don. 

These instances of erroneous moder- 
nisation occur within a few pages. We 
would undertake to produce several 
hundred such mistakes from the book 
before us. All these might have been 
avoided if there had not been any at- 
tempt at modernisation. Can any one 
deny, then, with Mr. IIalliwell*s nook 
before him, that modernisation adds 
to the chances of unfuithfUness in pub- 
lication ? 

Again, modernisation is opposed 
upon a second ground. A distmction 
is made between history and historical 
materials. The former is intended for 
tJie people, and cannot be written in a 
form too attractive. Its value increases 
in proportion as it smooths awa;^ diffi- 
culties and presents facts, incidents, 
opinions, characters— every thing re- 
lating to the past time-— in a form which 
tJie. people can understand, and from 
whicn they may receive instruction 
and delight. That is history ; but his- 
torical materials cannot, it is contended, 
from their very nature, be converted 
into ready instruments of popular in- 
struction. IVevious study ofa minute 
and laborious character is necessary 
in order to their being thoroughly un- 
derstood. Every person, fact, and 
thing that is mentioned in them re- 
quires knowledge of some kind or 
other before the true bearing of what 
is stated can be discovered. Every 
document needs an historical disserta- 
tion to be written upon it before its 
uses can be made properly apparent; 
and, OS far as popular instruction is 
concerned, history deduced from docu- 
ments is a readier and a better teacher 
than documents, or other historical ma- 
terials, with the necessary parapher- 
nalia of notes and dissertations. His- 
tory is the teachei* of the people ; histo- 
rical materials ai*e the teachers of the 
student and of the writer of history. 
If this be true, the great alignment for 
modernisation becomes ini^plicable. 

And now asain let ns torn to Mr. 
Hall]well*B bo<^ and hiqnire what light 
it throws upon the second position of 
the defenders of unaltered Dublication. 
Mr. HalUwell aaaorea ut that he may 



1846."] 



Halliwell's Soifal Leilas. 



every difficulty in Uie wbj of render- place which ^^ry bodj hu seen bo> 
ing the informatioii contained in these rii^^ at Corcnt Gardea Theatre vhen 
letters accessible to nil readers. Let Macrendy pTttywl King John. But 
Inuislu- thul letter to nny one who '\a 
at sU ncijiisinled with the ntUerlnli 
for English hiiilon'. and he at once 
pereeiTes thnt it is in no sense a letter, 
bnt a well-known legislative charter 

, ^ (Willcinss Lceos Anglo-San. p. 344, 

jouroey of Hoveden, 386, b. edit, 1596, and Carte, 



> nil readers. . . . 
A plain man oiieu« tlie book, 
he begins with Letter I.i he tindn it 
called a letter (rom " Kichard L to 
Pope Clement." It relates to wine 
eril tidings from Jeraealem, lo the 
1 of ihe erow 1iy the kinp 



■nd fau first 



firat-bom a 



I 



Lingard, and other general hirtorianB) ; 

he knows its bearins upon the law ot 

which is Ictt here altogefter 



aa ArehlHihop of Canterbu ry to Boine. 

and to adispnte with Mtmc iroublewme 

mook* who have net themselves in 

onpoaition to " tlie laws nf honour " of 

tie kingdom, llicre is not a fineic 

illustrative note, lie is not told what 

\a the probable lime when it was 

wlitten, what Pqie Clciuenl it was 

iiddreMed to, what Archbishop of Can- 

tcrbury had gone to Rome, what waa 

the mattO' at Jcnualem, whether the 

baata^ Falconbridge was the firrt- 

hom ton alludml to, what was the dia- 

nute between the monks and tlie nrch- 

Dtshop. or how they had infringed tlie 

" laws of honour. No atoin of as- 

si«t«nce is given to him. If he readtt, 

he may be puzzled, but scarcely in- 

stmeled. But put the letter into the 

bands of an higtorical student : he per- 
ceives at once that Ihe whole ttung is 

a blander, that the lett#r was not 

written by Richard I. lint by Henry 

n. in the year 1188; that it was ad - 

drewed to Clement III. luid that it 

relates to that dispute between Arch- 

bohop Baldwin and the monks of Can- 

lerbwy which is the subject of n trentiM 

written by the chronicler Oerrsae of 

Cattt«rhurr. He turns to (lervase'd 

treatise publisbetl in Twisden's Decern 

Seriptores, compares ^is letter with 

the many others which arc there pub- 
lished on Ihe same subject, and escapes 

fixim the pBinlc and the snare whicli 

the editor had set before him. 

And now. if onr "nlain man" pro- 
ceeds to Ihe second tetter, what does 

he find P A stnuge-Iooking letter 

c<n^Iy, which eommnnds that if any which 

poor man escaped with his life from -' "" 
^^ a wrecked ship he should have mch 
^H irflui goods as came to land. Very 
^H odd, he may think it, for the kin^ lo 
^H write guch a letter ; bat no doubt it \% 
^H all right, for it is not only vouched by 
^H the «dil«r. but moreover a good Rnxon 

^H Archtn«hop of Rouen, called Walker, it are untrue. If written to any em' 
^H has put his name to it ; and the king peror it roust have been to Henry ^^, 
^B rtvlM htmielf Duke of AngieT^ a anditotto tlenry V.wbodiecliall85. 



uncimlnined ; he is aware that WaOier 
should be ITiiAff-, ArchyshopofRanen, 
one of the liest known pornona of dia 
tiiiie, He iM^ieivcs also that in die 
original the roval title no doubt ran 
thus, " Dtix Nomatmie rl Arpatanie, 
rt Comes Amleffavie," which should not 
have been translated " Dnke of Nor- 
mandy, of Aijuitaine, imd Angiert," 
but Duke of Nonaandy and Aquitainei 
and Earl nf Ahjou. Richard L waa 
never Duke of Anjoii or Angiers, anii 
Andcgavin obvioudy means the pro- 
vince of Atij(in (imi not the town of 

The tliird letter is greatly more to 
the taste of the "pWn mon." It ia 
exactly such a paper as he mi^t have 
heard at Sodlers Wells thundered out 
by n gentleman " in complete (in," in 
a mdodrauia entitled "The Li<m'a 
Heart.;" but here it is in a book of 
royal letters " now first collected trora 
the originals." vouoheil to be derived 
from " records in the Tower," to be 
"translaleil from the Anglo-Norman," 
and to havebeen addressed by "Richard 
I. to the Emperor of Germany, Henry 
V. when he was the emperor's prisoner, 
A.D. 1196." And all this is clenched 
in a long eiUtorial note, in which credit 
is assumed for this letter bemg "now 
for the first time prMented to the 
English reader ;" and many sage re- 
ilcctions arc made upon nusfortunefl 
in ireneral. and especially upon thoae 
hard I. m the hands 
Henry the Fifth." Our "plain 
man " is delighted ; but our presumed 
rt-ader of another class perceives at 
once that flic letter is a mere pretence, 
an invention, n rhodomontade, what 
Mr. Burchell calls " fudge." and that 
all the editor's assertions ii "" 



140 



OriOiual Lbttebs. 



Kichai-U wan rclcoscJ from (MptiTily 
in 1 194, uiul thi^nfore could not have 
ifrilUin such h letter in 11!)6. It np- 
petiTu (Void > roniinunication uldreasctl 
to ibu Aibenvum (Ma; 16, 1H46) 
tlittt llie oridnol do«> not eici^l. in the 
Tnwor 1 nnii it in luviiratel^ rcmnrlcMl 
thit ill the time of RiRbnrU I. " Anslo- 
Nonuan wax not used in either public 
(ir private letters." We may ndd, that 
the Dnhe of Austrin, who in mentioned 
in it nn then nlivc, died in 119S, and 
that the Marquin or Ikloutierrat, irbo 
JR nuneil in it, is no italled on the 
iiuthority of a mistake of Sir Waller 
ScottV in The Tnliwnao— Monlaerrat 
for Mon^rrnt. 

If wc go on to the next letter, which 
ia the onTj one a«itigned tA King John, 
ire find it no letter but a charter, a 
grant of landi to a man and hii hein ; 
and the next letter, which is eiven 
tA Henrj TIL and is dated \2aS, 
make* mention of the Lord Henry 
our futher and William de Valence 
our uncle, — clear prooft that it wm 
written byRJirnrdl.andnot hv Henry 
til., and Hhuuld have been dated in 
1391, and not in 13SS. 

These are the fir»t live letters in the 
liook; and tre contend that they give 
no contradiction to the argument ad- 
duced as to the inapplienbility of 
biatorical docuinenti for the purpose 
of popular liiiturical tuition. We allow 
that tbe^ do not decide the question ; 
ihey fhiaJly exhibit the editorial in- 
compelency of the persona into whoM 
hanut the»e letters have fallen. Mr. 
HalUwdl has set the book before ub 
na an exhibition of the way in which 
the puhlin mav he. taught history, and 
hu mtroduOMl it with a condemnatioii 
of the practii'o of antiquaries. The 
only effect of these fire letter upon 
the public mind will be the production 
of bewiidflrment and untruth, and diey 



ilitled bv superior editorial ac- 

luracy to reail let'turw to other people. 

And now, leaving lhe»e qiiestioDS 

respecting modemisution and ilie ap- 

plii^ubility of hisloncal documenti to 

the purpoacH of popular inal.i-uelion lo 

be fiirtW GOUHilered on some future 

uocawon, lei us regard this Ixiok more 

— nerally. It purports to contain a 

V of letlei-i " Bow^nt mUecled/ritm 

■iginalf in royal archivfa, and /mm 



[Aug. 

other autheiiHc •ourcen, jirivnle n* aeli 
tu public;" and the editor gives a re- 
f<jrence to the wource whence evory 
letter in aaid to be derived in a note 
at the bottom of the page. In tin- 
introduction the editor noasts of " the 
extensive ground over which imr in* 
qtUritt hat* reachrd ;" and to iibew how 
extensive it has been, he Baya, " We 
have merely to mention the followiiw 
repositories of ancient MSS. ti-om all 
ot which our collection contains npevi' 
mens." There follows a list of hcenty- 
eight repositories, cxlenilinc from the 
Vatican to Edinburgh ; and it ia libe- 
rally acknowledged that "durins tliese 
inquiries we have been deeply in- 
debted lo several of the keeper» or 
owners of these distinguished col- 
Icctions," and lo various eminent 
persons, whose names are jxunpoualy 
enumerated. Now, nil this is nicn> 
artilice. Some of these repositories 
may have lieen occuionally visited fur 
the purpottefl of lliin work ; bnt lo pre- 
tend tliat the papers here jiitblished 
have been deriv&d itoui the reponi- 
tones to which they are assigned ix an 
unworthy deception, and an untruth. 
Jt i» pdnted out in the letter to the 
Alhennuni, to which we have Icfore 
alliideil, that dociimentii said to have 
lieen obtoinod " from the reiwril^ in 
the Tower" ware dwived from a 
French collection of LeUrrt iU» Itoif, 
Ax.; and that a letter of Edward I. to 
Eobert Bruce (i. 22), of which the 
original is in the olhco of tlie Duchy of 
Lancaster, ia copied Irom theArchvo- 
logical Journal. The very next docu- 
ment (i. 23) a said lo be derived "fVoni 
the Rolls of Parliament. See Strick- 
land's Livea of the Queenn, vol. ii. p. 
^S3." Wb cannot find it on the Itolls 
of I'orliament, but it is printed in 
Mias Stricldaud's book witli tliis re- 
ference, " Rol. E. ii. 47." \rhal. thni 
ineana we will not pret«n<l lo de- 
termine, or even to ^esa. From the 
aaine source arc ilenved seven letteri' 
of Edward II. cxtendlni; from p. 'lH lo 

ii. 37, vol. i. These hittera are re- 
erred to the Fndera, a reference not 
quill! in Bccnrilanf* with the titlepoge 
iinil introduction \ but it ia aa clear »f 
day that the e<litor never looked ul 
the Fcedera with reference to any 
one of them. He turned over into 
his \^ef. without inquiry or con- 
eidcrntion, therradymadc tranalationa 



Halliwell's }ioi/al Letl&rs. 



1846.] 

which he found in n coiumf* bo<J:, 
^nie T«lae of these tnmelationa nay 
be ertunated from the following ex- 
ample*. At p. 36, Ilu^b le Despe)])<er 
i* mit) lo l>e thus spoken of by Ed- 
ward n. :— 

We canDot in any vsy beliere it of 
him. who, after our own person, is the 
Bin of all our realm who should mml 
lo do her honour, and bu always 
■)i«ini good rincerity to yon." 

It ahould run thus, " We belie^'e for 
wrtaiu thai, after our ponron, he is 
nan of onr realm who would wish 
lier the greate.'-l honour ; and this be 
bw always shewn her, and that we 
testify lo you in good truth." 

Again, at p. 27,— 

" And. dcartil brother, ut this lime, 
Ibe Bonourable Father in God. WMter, 
Biabop of Escter, hu returned lo a«, 
baring o«rtified to ui that his yienoa wai 
In penl from same of our bonitlied eue- 
miei," ice. 

Read, "And, very dear nnd well- 
beloTiil brother, whereas lately, at the 
time when the honourable iatber in 
God. Waller, Bishop of Exeter, wa? 
with JOB, we were certainly informed 
that certain of our enemies and ba- 
niihed tnea on that side the seu pur- 
poaed to do him a liodjly miHcbief if 
ibcy had found an opportuoity," &c. 

In the same p. 27.— 

" And now that we liave !ent by the 
bononrahle tilher the Bixhop of Win- 
er our lafe conduct to you, you will 



by ihe bonournble father 
the Bishop of Winchester with your 
letten of credence, thai you will uol 

At p. 3i, we read, — 

" Bnt tboe things are ai nothing : it 
[s the herding of our laid wife and son 
w4ih our traitors and mortal enemies thai 
notoriouily continne* ; intomuch, thnt the 
wH traitor, the Mortimer, nas carried in 
tbe min of onr saidaon poblicly to Parii. 
tl tbe tolemnity of the coronalion of our 
my dear aistcr yonr wife, the Queen of 
Fnuice, at the Pentecott jail passed." 

And the lame senee is repeated at p. 
90- Ilsfaotild have been stated thus, — 
" Becpecting which things nothing has 
yet been done, but the said adherence 
9( tw Mi4 irife md eon irllh our 



141 



said traitors and mortal cncukies no- 
toriously continues, insomuch that the 
said traitor, the Mortimer, carried in 
Paris the train of our sud son pub- 
licly At the sokmnity of the coronation 
of very dear sister, your consort, the 
queen of France, at the Pentecost hist 
passed." 

Tt is obvious that the person who 
made tliese translations was entirely 
ignorant of the genius and structure 
of the language of the originals, The 
meaning of a word or two was caught 
here and there, and the transJator 
guessed at the remainder- All these 
seven letters bear out the same con- 
clusion. The editor siatea in a note, 
"These letters have been translated 
b^ Dr. Lingard and Miss Strickland." 
(i. 27.) Dr. Linganl cert^nly Ixons- 
Ifltud parts of three of theni, and, of 
course, accurately; bnt the translntions 
now published ore altogether those in 
Miss Strickland's book, even to their 
omissions, which are occasionally very 
extensive. It may be n light matter 
in the estimation of soiue people, what 
lua^ be introduced into sucn uubli* 
cations OS those of Miss Strickland, 
which are clever romnnces of the qiu^- 
historical kind, distinsuished by the 
ludicrous inaccuracy of all those parts 
of them which are derived Irom any 
language save our own ; but that any 



without inquiry, or comparison with 
Ihe printed copies in the Fcedera, and 
have put them forth in a body of 
letters "now first collccleii yrom /i« 
originaU in royal orfkives." and so 
forth, is a little surprising. 

Li like manner documents really de- 
rived from the Fiideru are attributed 
to the original authorities ; so also 
documents from Nicolas's Privy Coun- 
cil Books : so also many papers from 
Ellis's Letters, a book which is never 
incntioiied ; so also doctunenta from 
the publications of the State Paper 
Commission, which are never men- 
lioaed;so alio documents from TyWs 
Henry V„ Hardwicke's State Papers, 
from Evelyn's Correspondence, Nott's 
Surrey and Wyait, and other similar 
collections. 

The wa^ in which this plunder 
peeps out IS sometimes very curious. 
At p. 172, vol. i. is a document from 
" the archives of Ihe Earl of Shrews* 
b^, at SoijftM Sims." Xlic stuae 



142 



Obigival Lsttsrs. 



lAtig. 



tper ifl pxtnted in Ellis's Letters, Ist 
-. i. 19, ^from the archires of the 
rl of Shrewsbury," which any one 
vho had procured it from the original 
would have known are not deposited 
ftt Hatfidd, which is the seat of the 
Marquess of SaUsbury. 

Under Richard in. are inserted four 
letters, said to be derived from ^'MSS. 
preserred in Uie archives of the city 
of Yoric." Knowing one of them to 
be in MS. Hari. 433, and to be printed 
in Drake*s York, we turned to that 
book and there found all the four, 
printed with many blunders, which, in 
smte of Mr. Davies's recent work, 
Mr. Halliwell has here preserved and 
added to; whilst ^'the archives of 
York" stand chronicled in the list of 
repositories to which the editor is in- 
debted. 

One of the strangest instances of 
this unjustifiable mode of taking ad- 
vantage of other men*s labours, and 
claimmg credit for research that has 
been bwtowed by other people, occurs 
i n re ference to the Letters of Henry 
Vm. to Anne Bolcyn, which are in 
the Library of the Vatican. These 
letters were published by Heame in 
1720, again in the Harleian Miscellany 
in 1745, agdn in the volume of Selec- 
tions firom the Harleian Miscellany in 
1793, agidn, very carefully, from the 
originals by the Rev. W. dmn, in 
The Pamphleteer in 1823, again by 
Miss Benger in 1827, and again in 
ACss 8tri<£land*s Life of Anne Bole3m 
in 1842 ; and many of them have been 
paUi^ed separately in various other 
pAaoes. Besides these publications in 
England, they were also published at 
Fkffis, some twenty or five-and-twenty 
years aoo, in a volume without date, 
bnt edited by the celebrated printer 
Crapdet, and entitled ^^ Lettres de 
Hnri VIIL a Anne Boleyn^ avec la tra- 
dmetion^ preoedies dune Notice HiHo^ 
rijNtf 9ur Anne Boleyn'' Crapelet's 
emtion was printed m>m a transcript 
niade from the originids by M. M^on, 
tad is preceded by a very sensible 
OMrfttsefMn^ in wnich the history of 
the letters and of the edition is clearly 
stated. In the present work Mr. Hal* 
liwdl puts himself in the place of M. 
Crapeiet; translates Crapelet*s aoer- 
Hmmmd, and reprints Crapelet*s let- 
ters, and all this without the slightest 
mention of him, or aUnsion to his 
iiMnt. ^. HilfiwiU fiirtlMr iellfl Ua 



readers that he is indebted, not to M* 
Crapelet*s book, but to M. MStm*s 
copy^ for a more faithful transcript 
thiui has hitherto appeared in this 
country. He adds that he cannot 
refrain from stating that he has the 
satisfaction of placmg these letters 
before the English public for the first 
time in a complete form. There is 
no comparison, in point of accuracy 
or completeness, between Mr. HaUi- 
well's edition and those of several of 
his predecessors. Like all the rest of 
Mr. Halliweirs book, these letters 
are full of errors, misprints, and omis- 
sions (some of them most ridiculous), 
but the disingenuous use made of M, 
Crapelef s labours is the feature in 
the transaction which is the most es- 
sentially discreditable. 

These instances are enough to prove 
that tlie pretence of research made 
with such lofly emphasis in the title- 
page and introduction is all mere pre- 
teuce; and that the materials for a 
great part of the book have been got 
up from ordinary sources, and are 
here published, not only without the 
grace and honesty of acknowledg- 
ment, but in a way which outrages ul 
ordinary notions of right and wrong. 
In the second volume all idea of con- 
formity with the titlepage is aban- 
doned ; and letters are reprinted from 
the commonest books in tne language, 
Charles's Eikon, the Cabala, Stnmbi^^s 
Letters, &c. &c. 

But this book, " now first collected 
from the originals,** is not only a mere 
collection of letters " conveyed** fi^m 
the works of other men, it is frill to 
overfiow of the most absurd and 
egregious blimders committed in the 
act of " conveyance.** We will give a 
few specimens. 

At p. 38, vol. i. is a formal receipt 
from Edward IH. to tiie Abbot of 
Reading for certain jewels lent to 
him, — a very well-known document. 
It is enrolled upon the Rot. Aleman. 
12 E. ni. ; there is a copy of it in MS. 
Cotton. Claud. E. ni. fo. 2 b. ; and it 
is printed in thcFcsdera, ii. 1041, N. £. ; 
in Coate8*s Hist, of Reading, App. 
No. viii. ; in Leland*8 CoUectanea, li. 
625, edit. 1774; and in otiier places. 
The copy here jnven has as many 
errors as lines. Richard de Maurdyn, 
a humble monk, is converted into an 
abbot of Reading ; a oballoe and paten 
are omitted in tt9 bn^enlorj; 0om^ 



1046.] 



Halliwdl's Royal Leitei's. 



143 



tventf wonU are lelt out ia various 
pnts of the doouniunt ; oontoAiiIiir is 
•nmlated urdoiijxeB, iuKlead at' 
and the lette of Mw fomiil 
■MWr ii alUred in u way which Itrnkcx 
El look lesa unlike a letter. 
In the Eune way other p.ipers 



Mkon into Crotoir. We rcnen Uiem 
here at Tro>i% the Cutlc, the 17A 
ttny oC September." Mr. Tyler, who 
publieheil the letter ia his Henry V. 
li. 236, says the letter was written at 
Ti'ic le ChmteJ, iieiir Gisors, and gives 
" ' thus: "Bccanw it is 



printed u, " (!ivcn iiniler oar iiigno- liniil the bearer ol' them a by otir ese> 



Mre," instead of our '■ mgnet" (i. 61); 

" Given uoder our seal," metead of our 

mket" (i. S6) ; ami to forth. 

At p. 70, vol. i. we have a letter of 

Knee Henry to the Council, which 

ii printed in BIlia, 2nd Ser. i. 10, in 

Tyter'i Hen. V. i. 70, and probably by 

Xnden and many otberu. This letter 

basNgned to "Cotton. MSS. from the 

Anglo-Korraan," but is mott unnues- 

lionably printed Irom 'l^lcr, whose 

tiandation ia copied oerbaliiit, with 

iunc fresh errors, one of which is cu- 

. Tbe prince describes himself 

itiK into tLe Voiitnnte ef Ederta/nn, 

aionethdurc. The ignorant scribe 

■ the word Cirmmore. No at- 

llfnM ia maile at coUation, and Mr. 

Balliwdl, thinking thai Edcrnyon \a a 

jcraon, and that be has found n new 

word for hisglossary.antiotatcs "Corn- 

— i. e. place or dwelling. Own- 

■, Lat.*" We need not tell our 

mden what a Welsh Conunole is. 

Anin,a plater occurs at p, 92, which 
b Muted m EUis, 1st Ser. i, and in 
3>W, ii. ai8. It is the letter in which 
tte pretended Richard II. is styled 
"the Mammel of Scotland." The 
Kribe copies "manrent," instead of 
«maimnet;" and Mr. Ualliwell notes 
'manrent, power 1" 

At p. 91, vol. i. is n letter from 
Bcnrj v. to his Chancdlor, which can 
be ahcwn ^y many evidences to have 
been copied from TVIer's Henry V, 
B. aSO. Tyler somehow omitted to 
Kate his autlioriiy, a thing very nn- 
wual with him ; the present editor 
boldly maign* it to the srcat repository, 
fCoitoiitau USS. ongiiml." It lo 
bMHtensUtatlhe letter is in the PiEdcr.n, 
DnUiahed from lui Driginal, then iu the 
Swtodr of the clerk S Uie Pelb ! 
' In Utc fame page is one of several 



mies token ii 



1 Crotey, we renonelle 



ii day of September." 
At p. 99 IS a paper, entitled ** Henrf 
r. to the Duke of Gloucester." It 

lenccs, "Ki^ht tr 
beloved brother, nghtW' 
in God, and trusty and weQ-beloved, 
forasmuch that we wot well," &c. Of 
coui-se this was not addressed to any 
iingle duke, hut lo a body of person*. 
It IB referred to the " Acts of Priyv 
Council :" we cannot find it there. It 
ia evident, upon reading it, that it is 
very incomplete, and is a mere jumbled 
nbrKlgment. At p. 102 there is the 
same letter repeated. It is siud this 
lime lo be addressed to the Chancellor, 
and is printed unabridged, but with 
many blunders, and with the same 
evident address to several persons, al- 
though even then it is inaccurate. The 
letter was addressed to the Council, of 
whom the Duke of Gloucester was 
president. It b*san thus : " Right 
trusty and well-beloved brother, right 
woreUipful ottd Konkipfid fiuhen in 
God, and trusty and well -beloved, for- 
a^mucli ni we wot well," &c. It ia 
printeil in the Ktedera, ix. 906. 

The letter which stands between 
these two copies of the same letter is 
nddressed to the Viaeonka of London, 
which Mr, Halliwell trauslatea VU- 
Foanti^ and explains in a note to mean, 
nnt sheriffs, but " Lord Mayor and 
Aldermen." Ii. 100.) 

Tmmcdintcly after the second copy 
of the letter lo the Council, is another 
of the Icttera to the citizens of London, 
which Mr.IIalliwell rejoices at being the 
(ir^t to publish. It is dated l2thAiBil, 
and niAea meution of "our brother 
of Gloucester, and our bel uncle of 

. .__. page is one of several Excesler." Mr. Halliwell ex^ains 

littera &wn the Ene to the Ci^ of the word Jrf in a note, " fair." Fsjr ( 
Imidon, which the ^tor tells us nre our fair uncle ! A grim here of Agin- 
•now for Ihc first time published from court described as " our fair uncle — 
(m originals preserreil m the archives is that poEsibIc P Did it never oeeur 
irf iho City of London 1" concluding lo Mr. Halliwell that Sfi-nncfc is merely 
WA die foUowins modernisation ; vncU-in-iaw f Mr. Tyler, whoprinted 
* Becune it is said tJic bearer of tbem this letter in lus Henry Y- pj^ tbc 
[tte kifigfl hu«rs] bhj^ita escniiea (Utc as th« ISth JqI;. 



144 



Original Letters. 



[Aug. 



At vol. i. p. 234 is a letter fi-om 
Henry VUI. to Wolsey. It is printed 
in £m8*s Letters, in the State Paper 
publications, and by Strype. All of 
them print, " cause why I am so loth to 
repair to London." Halliwell, ^^ sloth 
to repair." ^^ 

Vol. i. p. 244. Henry Vill. is made 
to write about his nephew, the bearer 
of a letter, dated 8th December. The 
letter is referred to two Cotton. MSS. 
but is really copied from the State 
Paper publication, 11. part 3, p. 59, 
note and all, without the slightest 
allusion to that work. The letter 
is addressed to an unknown Lrish 
chieftain, and the nephew is his 
nephew, not the king*s ; and the date 
of the letter 5th December. We have 
at this part of the book 20 pages 
copied from the State Paper publica- 
tions, with all the notes, without any 
mention of the source whencethey are 
derived. 

Vol. u. p. 261, Belife for believe ; "I 
have good grounds to belife it," is 
printed beUfi, which is explained by 
the editor, " to let it remain !" 

The many letters printed fi'om the 
Strafford Corresponaence have never 
been compared with the printed book, 
and are consequently fuU of mistakes, 
ex.gr. in one page, 291, vol. ii. 

for, a former Parliament, read the 
former Parliament. 

For, should be subordinate, read, be 
subordinate. 

For, sea of discipline, read sea-dis- 
cipline. 

But we must have done. Faults 
of all conceivable kinds could be ad- 
duced without end. Text, references 
to authorities, glossary, notes, intro- 
ductions, all teem with blunders totally 
destructive of authority ; all give proof 
of every kind and variety of ignorance. 



If, as we understand from the cor- 
respondence in the Athenieum, the 
materiab for the book were got to- 
gether by some one whose name does 
not appear in it, it is sufficiently 
obvious that that person knows no- 
thing of historical documents ; but 
it is Mr. Halliwell's share in the 
publication that is the most dis- 
reputable. His carelessness and in- 
accuracy have long been painfully 
obvious to all persons who nave ex- 
amined any of his books. For some 
years we looked upon his errors indul- 
gently, on account of his youth ; but 
wat has passed away. Lately the po- 
sition in which he has stood nas pre- 
vented ourselves, and we have no 
doubt has abo prevented many other 
persons, from dwelling upon iiis ob- 
vious incompetency for many of the 
tasks he has undertaken. But, in the 
present instance, we feel that we 
should betray the* interests of that 
particular walk in literature to which 
we have so lon^ devot^ ourselves,* 
and become parties to the dissemina- 
tion of most glaring historical untrutib, 
if we were to pass unnoticed so pe- 
culiar an exhioition of editorial m- 
comj)etency. The blundering in his 
additions, the shallowness ot his re- 
marks, and the total absence of every 
thing like proper editorial illustration, 
are as marvellous as that he should 
have condescended to play the part of 
a mask, and sell the authority that 
may attach to the many initials which 
he appends to his name, to an ignorant 
compilation and to a titlepase devoid 
of truth . Such things discredit litera- 
ture and literary men, cast wide upon 
the world the seeds of almost ineradi- 
cable errors, and stamp lasting dis- 
credit upon every on^ concerned in 
them. 



Original Letters illustrative of JEnglish History y iiteluding numerous Royal Letters^ 
with Notes and Illustrations, By Sir Henry Ellis. Third Series. Vols. L 
and II, London. 



SIR HENRY ELLIS'S Third 
Series of Original Letters partakes 
greatly of the character of its prede- 
cessors. In type, general appearance, 
and mode of illustration, it is a strict 
continuation of his former volumes. 
It does not appear to us to be quite so 
interesting as they were, but that may 
vile fix>m tiie mode which is here 

adopted of 0ettiii|B[ 9Uob l^tt^Mor^ 



us having lost Uie novelty which it 
possessed when Sir Henry Ellis, some 
twenty years ago, first entered this field 
of literary labour. Of course we must 
not be understood as if we said that 
Sir Henry Ellis was the first to publish 
ancient original letters. Even in our 
own times Mr. Lodge preceded him 
by many years ; but Sir Henry was 



1646.] 



Tound, by riroper bistorictU iUiulra- 
tioa, ^erally thrown Into tbe form 
of u introduction to cverj letter, to 
expUin its partKolor bcariu^, and, in 
caK of ueoeiuiity, who oiiil what viete 
tbe pemoiM hj and to whom it was 
addressed. In this waj he luode nii 
ajiproxiniiitian towanls rendering hia 
eatlwtions popular, and certainly ren- 

I dered theni more genernlly usefiil iJion 

1 M>r similar publicntiona. 

In the Preiace to his pruiont work 
e have some usefid iuloi 



Ellis's Letters, Third Seriet. 145 

There esist in our momificript li- 



I apecting the languages und forms of 
I ancient epistolary correspondence. 

" UnlO tbe reign of Hmiy V. letten 

re written in Latin or French.* The 

I cuUeat letter written in Eaglauil now Te- 

I n^niDg, ii probablj thii of Widdhcr, 

I HaboporLonilaD, taBcretaidi],or Birht- 

I aaldiArcfabiihop of Canterbury, in Latin, 

I uiUKiTed in the CoIloniinMS. ADgaatiia 

I Ii. art. 18, Jairing liis Bdti(« as to the 

I Bioile arproceeding at a council auaiQioned 

a pbce called Brcguntrord, for leCtiing 

-tain diSerenccB wbich HBd arisea be- 

een tbe king and the Mid council. 

I lEihtaiilil was Archbishop of Canterbury 

. 692 to 731. The letter is 

I greatly iojored, and altogether too diffit^alt 

i 10 be made ont : a tolituy rec»rd of early 

B nittoUry intercourse in the Saxon times. 

Bme •dittir knows of no other letter pre- 

I'Vioos to the Norman coni|ueat.'' 

" Letters in Latin illustrative of English 
lomeroiu fTOni the llth to the 
b century.'' (p. viii.) 
" Letter>writiiig was resorted to 






ofm 



a letter* of famiharity frequently took 

! itiapc of legal instruments. Tilt n 

mparktiTcty late period, too, teUudi was 

■thenbiUuiceuponwhieh they were written, 

I Kid seiibts wereemplofed toendile them. 

" On earliest use of paper in epistolary 

tndetlce cannot be carried further 

Bbark thin tbe reign of Edward I. during 

(wboM time, or in Che latter jiart of his 

', it seems to hare been 

. .Bgbt boa. tbe East by way of Italy." 

* lUl tnaj be the general fact ; but 
re exist bmilUr GngUsh letter? estliei' 
_!, the time of Henry V. Mr. lUllam 
M printed in bis Liteiary Histor)-. i. 7 1. 

■ *i«Dl the lady of Sir John Pelham, 

n \ma. It was pointi-d out to 

n by Iba Ri-r. Jo«ph Ilunlrr, who re- 
_llHlad to have leen it in nn old edition 
( C^^ni'i Peerage. Later editioni have 
Milted 0. 

' Geh. Mio. Vol.. xxn. 



"Tracts sucb as in later times would be 
called ' Complete Letter Writers,' both in 
French and Latin. One of these in the 
former language once belonged lo the li- 
brary of St. Edmandsbury Abbey, and is 
preserved in the Harlelon CDltection, Ho. 

<971, of the time of Edward III 

A similar volume o( formHla of the time 
of lliehard II. will be fmuid in the Har- 
leian volume 3988, clearly designed for 

English use Amongst theAddi. 

tional MSS. in the British Museum there 
is anolber Tolume, No. B167, which gives 
not only the fomA, but exact inBCructions 
for the writing of Lalin letters." (p. i.) 

Before the time of Henry VIII. tbe 
letters hero printed ore of no great 
interest; bntwc would direct attention 
to the obserrations of the editor at p. 
20, upou Witsand. lie adduces some 
good proofs from records in favour of 
the opinion of Camden and Du Fresne, 
thut Wiiaand, or, as it is now termed, 
Wisaimt, was the Portua Icciua of 
Caesar, and before the annexation of 
Calais to the English dominions in the 
time of Edward in., was the genernl 
port of disembarkation from the coa- 

The reign of Henry Vlli. down lo 
the year 1S35 is illustrated by nearly 
200 letten^, of which not more than 
two or three hare ever been printed 
before. So large a collection must 
of course contain many things of cu- 
riosity and interest. It ia, indeed, 
numerous enough to bring before us 
in succession almost oil the eminent 
menof that period. Ample illustrationa 
ui' Wolsey's rise and fall, and of the 
progress of the Keformation, with some 
early gLmpses of " Mistress Anne," 
jnve tbe book hiatoriral importance of 
the highest kind; but indeed ihei'e 
are few proinineut persons or incidentii 
of the reign of Henn" VUI. whose lua- 
(or y is not elucidated by these volumes. 

'rhe finit letter of this reign, sets 
before us the condition of the royal 
llect, then cruising in tbe Channel 
under the command of Sir Edward 
Howard, and ajisiously awaiting n 
French heet which threatened to iiisue 



the gladdest tidings to nic and nil my 
captains, and all (he resiJne of the 

nnny, tbat ever came to lu. And I 



146 



OtLidiVAt LfiTt«R0. 



CAug. 



truflt on €kKl and Saint George that 
we shall have a fair day on them, 
and Ij>ray God that vre linger no 
longer, (i. 147.) Ai/ain, he trusts 
•* in God and Saint George that ye 
iihall shortly hear good tidings. And, 
howsoever the matter goeth, I will 
make a fray with them if wind and 
weather will servc^ or ten days [come] 
to an end ; therefore I pray you re- 
commend me to the king*s noble grace, 
and show him that he trust no tidings 
till [he] hear from me, for I shall be 
tJie first that shall know it if I live, 
and shall be the first that shall send 
him word. (i. 150.) 

Poor follow I the editor should have 
told his readers the sequel of the me* 
lancholy tale. The French remamed 
quietly m Brest. Sir Edward block- 
aded the harbour for some days, and 
ultimately determined to attack them 
with •* row-barges." He headed the 
expedition himself, and on the 25th 
April, just twenty days after ho had 
written the letter we have quoted, 
suddenly entered the hostile harbour. 
A munlerous fire from ships and bat- 
teries was instantly opened upon him ; 
his companions feU away, but the ad- 
miral pushed on, and, with a mad and 
reckless bravcrr, boarded the galley 
of the French admiral. For an instant 
he seemed successful, but the enemy 
rallied. He and his UtUe band of 
eighteen followers were furiously 
amiled. They retreated along the 
deck of the vessel which they had 
boarded towards their boat, which 
was moored alongside. One by one 
they fell. The survivors reached the 
mde of the ship. The admiral stood 
over his boat, and was just about to 
enter it, when by some mischance it 
was set adrifl. lie saw that escape 
was impossible. He took the whistle, 
which was the badge of his office, from 
his neck and threw it into the sea. 
The next instant ho was borne over- 
board by the enemies' pikes. 

In the next letter wo have Queen 
Katharine, just before the battle of 
Flodden, " pra)ring (Jod to send us as 
ffood luck against the Scots as the 
king hath in S'rance ;" and then follow 
two letters of Lord Thomas Howard, 
the elder brother and successor of Sir 
£dward Howard in his office of Lord 
Admiral^ full of trouble and disap- 
pointment on account of the difficulties 



which overwhelmed the fleet on hia 
brother's death. The next letter is 
from Sir Edmond Howard, and gives 
a jjitia>)lc account of his great debt and 
difficulties. He dared not go abroad, 
nor could he remain in safety at his 
own house. 

** Tbero is, he says, such writs of ex- 
ecutions out against me ... I maj repent 
that ever I was nobleman*i son born, lead- 
log the sorrowful life that I live ; and if I 
were a poor man*8 son I might dig and delvo 
for my living, and my children , and my 
wife's, for whom T take more thought than 
for myself ; and so may I not do now, but 
to great reproach and shame to me and all 
my blood. . . . Sir, I am informed there 
shall be a voyage made into a new found 
land, with divers ships, and captains, and 
soldiers in them : and I am informed the 
voyage shall be honourable and profitable 
to the king's grace and all his realm. Sir, 
if your grace think my poor carcase any- 
thing meet to serve the king's grace in the 
said voyage, for the bitter passion of 
Christ be you my good lord therein , for 
now I do live as wretched a life as ever did 
aentleman being a true man, and nothing 
have I to live on, nor to find me, my wife, 
and my children, meat or drink." (i. 161.) 

Such are the troubles which not all 
the blood of all the Howards can escape. 
After a report of the battle of 
Flodden (i. 163), and a letter of Henry 
VIII., recommending ihe Grey Friars 
to the favour of Leo X. (i. 165), we 
find the University of Cambridge 
striving to secure the interest of tue 
all-j[K)werful favourite by an offer of 
their chancellorship, and Wolsey^s 
reply, in which he declined the prof- 
fered honour, (i. 168.) We are Uien 
brought to the correspondence of 
Richard Pace, which conducts us 
through many stages of Wolsey*8 for- 
tune. Some letters of Sir Richard 
Gresham dissipate " into air, thin air," 
viU'ious deliglitful speculations re- 
speclin«j the choice hangings with 
which tlie Cardinal adorned tlio state 
rooms at llumpton Court, and set be- 
fore us how the great ecclesiastic 
availed himself of tnc services of the 
eminent merchant. From one of these 
letters it also appears how the Gresh- 
nms obtained tliat fVeedom of com- 
merce by which they were enabled to 
acquire princely fortunes for them- 
selves, and to benefit their country 
with buildings more valuable than 
palaces. Sir Richard begs of Wolsey 



1846.] 



Ellis'e Ltlttrt, 2%ittl aeritt. 



147 



to proctire a Itceniu for hiniselT aitil 
two ofhiii brcUireu to export and im- 
JMrt Bs mncb nuircluuidiie "A^tthecu;- 
torn thereof shall be.. . £3400," which 
■urn was to b« paid bj onniml paj- 
■wntB of 300 nutrks. " And vhcruih'' 
tie COntinHes, "yourgroceowt [oweth] 
me two hundred aod lour ecorc poand^ 
I un contented to give it your graco 
Ar the iitid tioeitM." Wnlaej might 
vdl hftve rich hangings at Hnnipton 

tbwqucot lctt«r proves tbflt Uie 
(MDi-cotta busts of the Itoinon Em- 
HTon kt Hain pi a a Court, traditionally 
■lid to hare been a present fVoni Leo 
3L to Wolw}', were the work of John 
4> Umbho, a sculptor, who writer to 
WoImt thot tbey were eompleted, and 
btn for pajment of 21/. 13«. 4rf. the 
manee due to him for them and some 
her lunilar works, (i. 24{).) 
Tb« first glimpse we hiTe of the 
comiw rdigious elmngea is in IS2I. 
Cbmbndge was the first of our imlrer- 
AJe* in which Luther's works were 
•lodied. The infection spread tlienec 
'to Oxfim); and there, to the great 
^ef of Archbishop Warham, " one or 
Em eankcred membcn indited no 
U number of young and iincircuni- 
Meet foola to give car unto thcin." 
A SW.) Both our ffreat twins of 
Winiiiit being tfans di^nled. the aatho- 
jHi«a ti«^n to think it time to look 
Aout them. ArnhiMshop Worham set 
Uuself to read certain Xu/Aeranii tkm' 
■^UUiima opera, and joined with Wulsej 
Sttan order to seiiuestcreyil preachers, 
Oxfwd preftchers are not eaaily_ sl- 
)HkMd ; out llie trial was dctcrmincil 
lO b6 nade^ and one Dr. Rcrwbnm, a 
■Mini of BniT St. Edmund's, was the 
Jnt Ehnta of^the nnti-Lniheron pcr- 
wcntton. jl 248.) But the infection 
e conntry m well, aa the 
city came to bu talnte<l wiih it ,■ and 
mor Dr. LonclA^d, Bishop of Lincoln, 
pn the midst m' hh ardnoas labours of 
imd hoDsuling the king, and 
'' ' luge to our bleijed lady 
If compelled to torn 

prison for errino; Lu- 

to write letters (o WoUey 
m to take order fur tlie 
of the " infected per?nni 
for if j'bwpnfM be iifit 
thif' land, fiianr one !>liatl be 
[to M." n.iM4.) Kvcn 




ftrch-heretlc, "fivre Mavthcn;" itnd 
we have here full accounts of what his 
holiness said and did upon the pre- 
sentntion of the royal controrersiol 
Tvlume in full cossistory. (i. 354 — 
288.) Ere the "new title"* of De- 
fender of the Paith could be confirmed, 
the pope died suddenly. lie was sport- 
ing at n place of his own cttUed Mon- 
liano, six miles out of Itome, and on 
bis return was met by the English am- 
bassador, who thmigbt ho iierer saw 
him " more lusty." But he had taken 
cold; the next day he fell ill of a fbTcr; 
and in a few days afterwards Leo X. 
the most illustrions of modem pontifls, 
hftd departed — raystcriotuly, as his 
contemporaries thought — into the pre- 
sence m Him whose earthly yicar he 
claimed to be. (i. 280.) This was in 
1321. Potir years ofterwards we find 
Lee, who was subsequently Archbishop 
of York, warning the kini that, on his 
journey (lirongli France, ne had found 
that 

" \n EngliEhmsD, your subject, at the 
BoIicitatloQ and iattance of Lather, with 
vhom he is. bath trnnibitecl the New Tes- 
tunent into English, and within few dajrs 
intrndcth to srHre with tlie same Im- 
lirinted in Eaglsnd. 1 nwd not to sdier- 
tise jrour grace what infrction and danger 
may ensue harebT,if it be not withstuidBd. 
TUa U the nsit [l.o. nearest] w.y to fOIlfill 
jrour realm with Latheraiu!. For all Lu- 
tber's iiervene opiniaoa l>e grounded upon 
biire words of scripture, not well taken 
n« nnJei-flanded, which jour grace hath 
oiiciltd in sondry plaerfl of jonr royal 
hook. All oar fore-fathers, governors of 
the Chnrch of England, have with all dili- 
gence forhifl and escliewed publication of 
Engliili Bibles, as sppeareth In cowtitn- 
tioni provineUI of the Church of EagUnd. 
Now, iir, as Ood hath endued jour 
grace with Chrittiun courage to set forth 
tbo studard again at these Pbilistiaes, and 
to Tonquiah them, so I doubt not but that 
lie will auiit your grace to prosecute and 
[leifonn the same ; that it, to underttead 
liicm, thBl Ihfy Ehall not now again lift up 
their hcada, which they endeaTour now by 
means of English Bibles. They know 
what hort snefi books bath done in your 
reahn In Hues passed." (il. 74.) 

The royal Sampson, David, or 
fiidoon, which ever of these slarers of 
the rhiliatiiicsI-comayb-iTehftdinhls 
mind wbnn addrcB-'inff the new De- 
ll-nder of the Faith, needed hnt Kttle 
onconrngement to anti- Lutheran per- 

fwotioa. V» n?xt letter (ii- TT) 



148 



Original Letters. 



shews the secresy with which the 
Lutheran publications were spread 
abroad, — " a marrcllous sort of books 
found, which were hid under the 
earth, and othei*wise secretly conveyed 
from place to place;** and introduces 
us to blaster Grarratt of Oxford, who 
was shortly afterwards called upon to 
bear testimony in Smithfield. 

And now the old archbishop had 
recourse to a new device— one of IVIrs. 
Partington's kind — for staying the in- 
coming flood. Two editions of T3m- 
dale's New Testament, of which we 
have got a glimpse through Lee, had 
been printed on the contment aflc^ 
many troubles and hindrances, and 
flight from place to place. Of course 
it nad many blunders in it, and had 
been accompanied by a heavy outlay. 
The archbisnop, perhaps through the 
intervention of Tunstall bishop of 
London, bought up the whole of DOth 
impressions, and destroyed them. He 
did his work completelv, for, according 
to Sir Henry Ellis, whose note upon 
this subject deserves great attention, 
only a fragment of one edition, which 
is in tlic possession of IVIr. Grenvillc, 
and one perfect copy and one imperfect 
copy of the other, can now be found. 
The perfect copy is at the Baptist col- 
lege m Bristol, the other at St. Paul's. 
As the archbishop could not buy up 
the original, of course his crafl had 
but a very temporary success ; and his 
money enabled the editor and printer 
to set forth with good courage towards 
11 more perfect coition . A letter fi*om 
the Bishop of Norwich (ii. 92) proves 
tliat all tlie Bishops of the province of 
Canterbury were called upon to con- 
tribute towards the expense of the 
archbishop's little scheme for buying 
up the Reformation. 

A few years bring on the carpet 
Mistress Anne, and tne question of the 
divorce. We can only oii-cct attenticm 
to the letters respecting the former, at 
ii. p. 131. Cromwell's rise, the impos- 
ture of Elizabeth Barton, the arrival of 
Campeius(ii. 149), and the fall of Wol- 
8oy, all flit before us in these pages,— a 
fl^ce, and they are gone. Sadler, 
Gardiner, Bonner, the statesmen of 
subsequent reigns, made their first 
entries into public life in the service 
of the ma^uficent cardinal, and appear 
here in the outset of their career. 
Swner, polity wd ol^iaut although 



[Aug:. 

cruel, is in 1530 studving Italian whilst 
in attendance upon Woisey in his dis- 

frace, and begging Cromwell to lend 
im the Triumphs of Petrarch and the 
Courtier of Castiglione. (ii. 177.) 

And now we come to a successful 
application of the researches of the 
editor to the disentanglement of a cu- 
rious fact in literary history. Str]rpe 
mentions (Mem. i. 92) that the lung 
wrote " a lK)ok of hb own cause," re- 
specting the divorce, and he describes 
the way in which it was presented to 
the Pope and received by him. Sir 
Henrv Ellis, if we understand him 
rightly, is desirous that we should infer 
the identity of this book and an octavo 
volume printed by Berthelet, entitled, 
"A Glasse of theTruthe." This may be 
so although we do not see anv evidence 
of it, but we think he has shewn gooil 
ground for believing that " A Glasse 
of the Truthe" was unnuestionably 
written by Henry VIII., and must here- 
after be inserted amongst the works of 
that royal author. It appeal's from 
Herbert's Ames, i. 463, that this little 
book is in the form of a dialogue be- 
tween a lawyer and a divine, and pro- 
fesses to declare " tlie pure truth alone" 
in reference to the divorce. There 
are copies in the British Museum and 
in the Bodleian. Sir Henry mentions 
one fact which is stated in it^ but, 
being established to be the king's, it 
would have been interesting if he had 
given a fuller account of it. Perhaps 
he will oblige us and our readers by 
making our pages the medium of 
doing so.* 

Two letters at p. 189 and 200 give 
fresh particulars i*especting Tyndale. 
In the latter is on invitation to submit 
himself to the king's mercy, which 
brought teai's into his ejres. " If it 
would stand," he said, " with the king's 

* This book is alluded to» as if in the 
act of composition, in the 16th of Henry *8 
love letters to Anne Boleyn^ " I am ryght 
well comfortyd insomuche that my boke 
makyth substantially for my matter ; in 
tokyng wheroff I have spente above 4 
ours thys dav, whycbe caosyd me now to 
wrytte the shorter letter to yon at thys 
tyme, by cause off same payne in my hed.^^ 
So Mr. Gonn in his edition from the 
originals published in The Pamphleteeri 
vol. xxii. p. 123. Mr. Halliwell prints, 
'* in looking whereof (i. 319), instead of 

<< IB token whereof." 



1846.] 



Genealogy Pkj/tieallif CMtiJeVed. 



149 



most gracious uteasure to grant onl j a Gm-ope of Oricnid porceluin : both 

bare text of tite s<Mipti)re« to be put are curioug, and should be borne in 

ibrth omonnt his people .... be it mind by inquirers, 

of the trandation of what person so- At p. 295 are various letter? from 

ever ahaU please his Majcs^, I shall Andrew Bordc, " Blerrj Andrew." 

iminedistely make faJthM promiBe which wotild bear commenting upon 

never to write more, ne abide two if we hod space ; and at p. 308 an :n- 

ilays in lliese parts after the same, but tercsting letter of John Rastell, the 

immediately to repair into his realm, P^iuter and lawjcr, who married Sir 

and there most humbly submit myself Thomas More's sisler. The sueceu 

atUiefeetof his rojat Majesty, ofiering of his double business does not seem 

my body lo suOer what pain or tor- to liave been such as to give encourage- 

ture, yrai, what dothe [desthe ?] his ment to any saeh combinations. " I 

^;»oe will, so this be obtained ; and get not now 40>. a year by the law : 

bll that time I will abide th'asperance nor I printed not c. reamc of paper 

of all chances, whatsoever come, and this •! year." (p. 31 1 .) 

endore my life iu as much piuns as it Theranningcomment wchave^ven 

is able to bear and suflcr." has sufficiently evidenceil the vuluo of 

At p. 207 is a further notice of this collection ; and there arc many 

l^ndale, whose works it seems were, important Icttei^ which we cannot 

eren in his own day, esteemed rude even glance at. The eiplanalAry in- 

and limple. These were the riuaiitics troduutions contain valuable informn- 

which rendered them so cficctive. Ue tion, and the I>ook is throughout an 

nothing sought "-auy vain praise and lionest book, mode up of matter ucilker 

cowmendMtion." borrowc<l nor stolen, but collected to- 

At p. 308 and p. iA9 arc two valu- gether by the intelligent and hard- 

■bli) introductions, in which the editor working pains and industry of the 

baa been aasisted by Mr. Way. The editor. It will sustuu his previous 

(brmer is upon early IrcatiHCS to tench reputation in this branch of literalui'c, 

thcFVcni'hlanguageloEngliahpeople; and bo found a useful book by all 

the Utler, upon the inlrouuction uito classes of hislorical imiuirci-s. 



LORD STANLEY, m one of his 
recent nuignilicent speeches on the 
Com LiLw ijacstion, made a stateuieut 
aoiuewhal remarkable in a ^enealo^cal 
p<Hnt of view. His lordship stat^ in 
effect that the mstrimoniu alliances 
of the aristocracy (or landed and iu- 
ti'llwlual classes) with the conuncr- 
cial body, tended to strengthen and 
iuvigorate the fauiilies contracting 
•uch marriages. Now, I confess I feel 
pniud that one of such transccndont 
talcnl^ and such high, and deservedly 
high, distinction — a. nobleman who is 
not only descended from one of the 
oldest and most dislincuished houses 
m England, but has added fresh Utircls 
to his already illnstrious race — should 
have coime to a conclusion so preci.'^ely 
the same as mr humble self and many 
OtheK, who tninlc on such subjects \ 
and this, although that conclusion be 
directly opposed to ttke aoff preTfuliiig 



opinion; for such opinio 
ipposcs a real and 



, Of c 



^^_. . iitorlantly 

'eiU innate disUuction of bioorl and 
caste between the ai-istocrat and the 
plebeian. 

The prevailing opinion was put fortli 
almost contemporarily in a newspaper 
of not the highest repute. That num- 
ber of the newspaper in question cou- 
tainol two article*! ; one ridiculing 
the fears of the Protectionists ; tlic 



other informing the rabble (somewhat 
inconsistently', 1 should say) tltat the 
only tlistinction between the peerage 



inconsistently, 1 should say) 
onlv <listinction between the 
...id themselves consisted in a' difin'- 
ence of manners, fashion, etiquette, 
&c. ; assuring them that by copying 
the manners of the aristocracy they 
would become their equals, and ex- 
horting them tocomjiellheariftocracy 
to mingle and associate with them, in 
order that the whole human race, I 
suppose, nught be levelled (because, 



l^ 



Genealogy Physical^ cotisidered. 



[Aug. 



forsooth, all arc ^^ desh and blood !"), 
and that the grand obj<!ct of the pre- 
sent day — '•^ the social advancement of 
the masses " ( ! !) — might be promoted 
to the fullest extent possible. 

Now, waivinff all discussion of the ex- 
tent to whidi me writers of such ex- 
hortations wish to be levelled with their 
own inferiors (thougjh I have always 
found those most anxious for ''univer- 
sal equality "" the very first to trample 
on those oeneath themselves), I smJl 
pass to the purpose of this letter, which 
IS to oalarge upon Lord Stanley*s re- 
mark. I am aware that this is a very 
imperfect way of discussing the sub- 
ject ; but I do not intend more than 
to ofi*er a few remarks, of the truth of 
which long observation has convinced 
me. A Mr. Alexander Walker is the 
man to undertake the subject thorough- 
ly. It requires more than a mere 
power of observation ; but I shall hope 
that some one who has the leisure and 
ability will undertake the thorough 
investigation of this most curious in- 
quiry ; for if my theories be correct, 
and It be proved that the prosperity of 
mankind rests on the marriages from 
which they spring, it is perfectly clear 
that hitherto we have paid much less 
consideration to the subject than it 
merits. 

To make this investigation fairly, 
however, is scarcely withm the ability 
of one entangled in the interests of the 
present veneration. It must be one to 
whom t£e past and the present are 
alike ; one who can look on the whole 
nntrammelled with personal feelings, 
and ragard the world as a scene in 
which he is no actor, but merely a 
tpeolator. 

That an amazing diversity of mind 
as well as of body is inherent in the 
different oiasBes of mankind, long ob- 
flerratioii has convinced me beyond all 
craestion. It is a wide and cxj>ansive 
iM, To prr into the peculiarities of 
eterj class I therefore leave to my 
W H s ecwo rs ; for myself, I shall be satis- 
fied with noting the principal distinc- 
tkms between ute two rreat divisions 
of •* Aristocrat" and *» Plebeian," in the 
general acceptation of those words. 

That each possewes valnaWo pro- 
perties, is certain ; otherwise the nnion 
of the two wonM deteriorate rather 
than improve the breed : and I now 
9tf(te m^ ws a general role, it wiU W 



found that intellectuality, capacity, 
talent^ or whatever name be most i^ 
propriate, is always extant in the ana* 
tocracy, dormant or in action ; and that 
energy, industry, and perseverance are 
the £stinctive qualities of the sons of 
theearth, dormant or inaction.* When 
these two great and important prqper* 
ties are brought in contact, they opmte 
like flint and steel — like acid and al- 
kali ; and I will venture to aaaert thai 
meritorious eminence was never at* 
tained without their union in blood. 
This proposition is no run theory. 
What some of the following may prove, 
I cannot yet determine; bat I am 
quite sure that this is an axiom, an on* 
qualified fact. J£ thare be any sceptics 
on the subject, I shall be sdaa to near 
from them of any individual of meri- 
torious eminence, of any age or nation, 
who it can be proved was without a 
stream of aristocratic blood in hit 
veins. 

I doubt not this will startle some 
of the friends of the ^ miUkm ;" but 
investigation will prove duit I am 
right. 

I shall now proceed to what I have 
observed more minntdj ; and as the 
following observationf are not y<et 
classed and arranged so well as I could 
wish, I must be pMArdoned for any re- 
petitions, &c. 

Nine generations is generally the 
extreme term that each branch of a 
family lasts, matching according to its 
contemporary position. This period 
includes its rise, zenith, and dedine. 
Offshoots may plant fresh lines ; but 
they wiU wither contemporvily widi 
the parent stem unless invigorated by a 
strong stream of plebeian blood, or 
by the exertions attendant on pursuing 
the trades and professions. 

I believe that the nature of the 
matches will determine the precise 
period of a family's existence. 

Families run tnc same career as the 
animal and vegetable kingdom. jRiey 
bud, flower, and die. Industry, energy^ 
and j>crseverance be^et wealth and 
position ; these ally wiui ability, talent, 
and refinement. Distinction and emi- 
nence are the result or issne of such 
union ; and prodigalrty, decay, annihi- 
lation, or insanity foQows. There ate 

* Both energy and ahffity often Ui dor* 
mant, when sunk In we«Ith. 



iM6.:i 



OetuaUgy PhytKolly teruidtrni. 



nusnU rule* on tba 






anil Every oum li nuile np <it his stiit 



U*ua In cvcrr cue ; 
Uiiiinenoe h 1uIIi>iti») )iy i: 

Uillihilitliui)! L'U9(iKirHilll1t'iilili«l.inL'tiuti l!it>ir iiilivriliiic; IWiin tlu> i . ,.. 

by prijdi^ily nud liwnv. Uiil iu ){<.-iiitui> in ililleiiint ]ii-o|x<rCioiis. Aa 

every cisc th« ultiinotuiu U Ix^ggarj, a gencnil rule, huwuvcr, the inue 

ruin, or rrime ; lutd il' perchance a inherit more from the mother thta 

Ktntffgler forrives the destruction of tiie father. Clever women ulwaTi bavo 

hii hotue and lives to per]>et«ate ili elever children. TIma ii '" ' ' ' 



nane, he one) his pn^uf just repeat 
tke cancer of liii sJicesiorc, beginmn^' 
with the tDdustrid progeuitor. 

Hism! lacta di«i^lo«e a great and vh- 
luable hint to fiuniljr estaljlishers, vii. 
dut they shonid tdiy with othL>r fiuni- 
lie« whoi budding, rather than when 
Howcring. Autumn and winter «oon 
meeeed tke latter, uiil oft«n cntAil 
mnariM and miifortunei on all consan- 
cdMal alHances with whotn rclution' 
■Up 1l not yet worn out; whieh scldoui 
if saif the&lliance be formed during 
the bdriit of a Iknulv'* nrosjt^tv. 

llie dedinied of funilies arc nlwaj's 
traoeable to the marriaees of indivi' 



generally reacmUe their pat^nal 
j*randpnrent inure than Ihelr fallier; 
lieeauw iit matrimoniid allumctt there 
is an iuipuisivi; instinct for oi^xMitel 
to unite, luifl therefore the issue in- 
heriting in most CBScs the greater pro- 
Crtion from his mother, his mother 
ing oppomto to hi« fathra*, and hjs 
Qlthor inheriLing more from hit mother, 
who again would be onpoeite to his 
father, tlie issue reMmUes moat the 

Euidliillier. Thu! was Queen EliiO' 
ih more like her grandfath er H enry 
YIL than her father Henry VTU. ; M 
was Henry VUI. more like bis grand- 

_ ._ father Edward IV, than his fhther 

laay "marriaees esclurively, Heiirv VII. ; so was Charles IL more 

_v™ -J *, :-.;__. mg Jnmes I. than Charles I. ; so wu 

»lwai<l HI. like Edward I.j and Ed- 
ward II. Uke Henry HI, &c. 



■ where cdnration, 

r canset, appear to operate, 

•Cation, (fee. would not oroba- 

It all injurious, but for Ilie pe- 

ir Innate prnpcrtteit of the persons and c 

on whom it 11 brought to bear; which iinother 



This theory id eijnally extraordinary 
'" ■ rniitg Queen is 

„ .... . . believe it is ge- 

rjnalltiet arise IVom hh pecnllarily of nerally allowed she resembles Geoi^ 
•-'—' ril. more than any of his Majesty a 

children : and in all these eases the 
scrret cause is the saine. Henry VUI. 
and Edward IV. both luiirricd their 
op(io«ites ; both were lirought up to 
consider tlieniselTes kings ; thoy were 
Bated with royalty, and therefbrc sa- 
crificed it by marrying their sub- 
jeet«. Where, through the planning 
of pnrents or otliers, uiarriuges are not 
fiirmcd between opposilt's the rule docs 
not hold: e.g. the cose of Edward IIL'i 
marriage with Philippa of Hainanh, 
which Yiroduced an issue as glorious 
almost OS the father of it, and averted 
the decay one "cnerntion further off; 
but, had Edward III. married aprinoess 
of his own position, his »n would pro- 
bnblv h.ive shared the fate of Kiehard 
II. Ilia grandson. It would be too 
great an occupation of your *iiiiee. or I 
would illustrate my theory by shewine 
causes Ibr the variations between m 
tbc issue of Edward HI. 

Aa a general rule, marrtagra between 
lie most opposite compk-iioni, fami- 
lies, tribes, and nations, strengthen 



origii 

Appropriate marriages (in a physical 
sente) may not only ensure prosperity, 
bat neipetuity in fluniltcs ; and further, 
fay MtilAil nunagemenf of its alliances, 
preserve il remarkable for the simie 
prcmwtfei throughout. The Spclnian!) 
uil thegmxl tiKl to teuiper their blood 
by qmopriate alliances so nicocssfully, 
tiotwyremiiined, theinsclvcs,ahciiiK 
■Bstinnidied for literary pre-eminence 
throu^ several centurto. It Is, how- 
ever, Mlremoly rliffieult to preserve a 
family in Ibe same iutcllectua] condi- 
tion for manv gcncrationB williout thu 
dangeri of "lireedingin and in," which 
oftiMi ends in insanity or imbcdlily. 
To svcure this it may be infest to match 
every third geuemtion with a family 
mnartablo ibr the propcrtj» sought 
■iter, fillinB up the Intervemng gene- 
raltoni with induatrial Mood to a con- 
>ldet«blc cKtenL Thi« E« the surest 
Mf^guard frum insanity, which, when 
il once enters a family, is Kke the dan- 
delion or moreV-tail in a ganlen,— .i 
e« very diHicnlt to grt rid of. 



152 



Genenlogy Phytieally contidered. 



[Aug. 



the breed and inTigorate it mentally 
and bodily. Cross marriages may tend 
to preserve families in the same pecu- 
liarities, but usually tenuinate iu ec- 
centricity, insanity, and imbecility. 
Bastards are almost always vigorous, 
both in mind and body, by reason of 
the strong diversity of class between 
their parents. Crosses should consist 
rather in difference of origin, (especially 
national,) tastes, habits, stature, and 
complexion, &c. Insanity is, of course, 
no cross with ability. 

To attain great eminence in a va- 
riety of pursuits, a varied and at once 
highly intellectual seize quartiers is re- 
quisite. Such distinguished propositi^ 
however, from their want of the olood 
which is nearest to mother earth, gene- 
rally die issueless, or leave weakly off- 
spring who do so. It is desirable 
however for the public service that 
intellectuality predominate in the 
seize quartiers^ tnouffh for private in« 
terest the reverse hmds. 

In the fifth generation families are 
generally ascendant ; and, until all the 
seize quartiers are gentle, decay seldom 
commences. No peculiarity in the blood 
is worn out entirely till the fiflh gene- 
ration from its original possessor ; and 
thus are we *' punished to the third 
and fourth generation " for the trans- 
gressions oi our progenitors, t. e. so 
long as trace of his criminal pro- 
pensities be lefl in us. In its fifth 
generation a family generally glorifies 
itself most on account of its pedigree. 
I never knew of a case where thirty- 
two ouartiers were all proved gentle, 
whicn is a remarkable evidence Uiat 
industrial blood is almost essential to 
existence. 

Certain pursuits influence the des- 
tinies of families. No man of gentle 
blood succeeds in any profession or 
business in which none of his ancestors 
within the sieze quartiers flourished, 
unless, indeed, there be a combination 
of properties essential to the exercise of 
his pursuit which have existed sepa- 
ratdy among his various progenitors. 

No man of pure aristocratic ex- 
traction succeeds in any ordinary 
trade or profession. He may prosper 
in literature or the sciences ; out he 
would embrace authorship, the stage 
or swell mob, the turf or gaming 
house (just as the tastes of the majority 
of his progenitors have leaned before 
6 



him, for intellectual pastimes, coBmo<^ 
politism, or field sports), before he 
would flourish in trade or business. 

The issue of mariners and sea ofiicers 
(no matter how eminent) are always 
weak, and frequently insane. Whether 
this is owing to the constant influence 
of the sea air, or their isolation in 
ships, and separation from the soil, I 
cannot determine ; but they- always 
are so. The children of medical 
men are always clever and healthy. 
An agricultural life tends to dignify 
both mind and body, though in ex- 
cess it creates idiotcy and stupidity. 
It always, however, tends to moralise 
the inward man. Commerdal pursuits 
sharpen the wits, and often promote 
good fellowship ; but in excess foster 
every vicious and wicked propensity, 
and engender, a monkey-like cunning. 
By commercial pursmts I allude to 
the whole set of professions which bring 
man in contact with his neighbour. 
Intellectual (scientific and Lterary) 
pursuits always elevate the inward 
man, cultivate his virtues, and prepare 
him for heaven. Such seldom leave 
any trace of themselves in this world 
beyond their works and their carcase ; 
they consume the whole of their earthly 
frame in purifying themselves for that 
state in which, despising and shunning 
all propensities of tneir earthly nature, 
they become the next class of beings 
to the angels ; for there cannot be any 
doubt that those whose whole Ufe is 
passed in the cultivation of their mind 
are those who, without knowing it, 
treat this life as a mere antecedent to 
immortality. 

Change of pursuits is as necessary in 
the generations as in the individual, to 
prevent monomanias ; for the constant 
exercise of an^ one is sure to ter- 
minate in insanity or annihilation, after 
great eminence is once attained. 

I might enter into further detail, 
but you probably have not space for 
it. I win just make one more remark 
before I close this letter, viz. that no 
one who argues for national pecu- 
liarities of character can by any system 
of logic argue against family peculiari- 
ties of character. Who ever knew 
of a Scotchman who was not proud, 
prudent, and brotherly ? Is there on 
the face of the earth a nation which, 
within its own confines, has matched 

more amongst its own kinsfolk ? Poes 



1846.] 



Nuncuiiative Will, 1550—7. W. Neo'man. 



I 



I 



Sn English or conlinental education 
drive paraimoDV out of a Scotchman F 
Tours, ox. W. D. Batiev. 

AMONG many documenta irbicb I 
■ome yean since transcribed from the 
OoUection of ancient KISS, at I.oseley 
House in Siirrej, and which were not 
publislied bj mu in tbe volume knoirn 
H " The Loseley Mflnuacripts," I have 
preserred an eiauiple of a nuncupative 
will, " teibrmeidton raoicupatum" which 
thelaiv BUthoHtJea define to l)e a verbal 
declaration of the testator's mind be- 
ibre a enfficient number of witnesses, 
«h)dh, being reduced into writing 
either before or after the testator's 
death, is good to dispose of liis per- 
•onal estate, but not his lond^. Seme 
farther limitations of the powers of a 
nnncapative will were mode by a sta- 
tute pBJSed in the 29th year of the 
reign of Charles II. to which rcfcroticc 
may be made. It was necessary, be- 
fcre lie enactment of this statute, to 
put a nuncupative will in writing, and 
to prove it by witnesses in the Spi- 
ritual Court under the seal of the or- 
dinary.* 

He following is the form of a nun- 
cupative will of which probate was 
taken in the 16th century : — 

" In the nune of God, unen, in the 
mo&Dtb of Augnitc, in the jear of our 
Loid God ■ thowund fjn himdredlb and 
fiftje, and in the foartb yere of the rcyne 
otoBT Sovenjoe Lord Edwardc tbe Sixte, 
\j tbe grace of God King of Englande, 
Frmunce, aod Irebad, dcfeadour of the 
Faithe. aod of the Church of England and 
■1k> ot Irelande in earthe the eupreame 
bed, A-Uce Swerdor, wydowe, of the parish 
of Harioae in the comitie of Eisei, sad 
djocei of London, being of perfit remem- 
brance, made and declared her ttstamente 
and tait will nnncupatyie in manner and 
(arm foUowinge ; that is to saj, the said 
Alice did gere and beqaethe all her f^aita 
movable and unmovable onto WilUam 
Saerdor her aoone, whom ihe named. 
cocutitDCed, and made her sole executor 
of her said lestamente and last will, the 
whkh last will ehfl declared and spake ofte 
tones in the presence of thue witnesses, 
Jnhn CrBmplu>m and his wife, Thomas 
Benton, and .... Westwood, of the fore- 
■aid potiah of Hariowe." 



1&3 

To the sbove is annexed jirobate 
as taken "coram Henrico Harry, 
Leguiii Doctore rcverendi patris Nich'i 
London ep'! t vicorio in spiritualibua 
generali," &c. The two instruments 
are attached together by a strip of 
parchment, under the official seal of 
the vicar-gencml. 

Proiiably you may be disposed to 
afford to this testamentary document, 
of which I have never before seen an 
example, a place in your valuable mis- 

Toar«, &c. A. J. K. 

Mb. Ubban, B. S. June 19. 

TO the interesting nucount of the 
author of the Lounger's Common Place 
Book, with which yon tiave been fa- 
voured by Mr. TvsoH, June, p. 593, the 
following particulars may be added. 

He was the son of " Arthur New- 
man, esq. of Rinswood, in the county 
of Southampton, to whom he dedi- 
cated "An Essay on tbe Principles and 
Manners of the Medical Profession, 
with some occasional remarks on the 
Use and Abuse of Medicine. By J. 
Whitaker Newman, Member of the 
Corporation of Surgeons. London, 
1783. price Ii. fid." Before this he had 
published " An Inouiry into the Merit 
of Solvents for the Stone in the Human 
Bladder," which reached a second edi- 
tion; and afterwards, according to 
Watt, in his Bibliotheca Britonnica, 
" these two Tracts were published in 
1789, under the title of 'Medical Es- 
says, with additions.' " 

In the dedication, preface, and body 
iteelf of the " Essay" above men- 
tioned, passages often present them- 
selves, wnich remind the readerof tbe 
peculiar style and manner which 
characterise the laugui^e of the 
Lounger's Common Place Book. 

These pamphleta, together with tlie 
insertion of the name of J. Whitaker 
Newman in the List of Surgeona and 
Apothecaries at Rin^ood, as recordeil 
in the Medical Hegister for 17S3, are 
sufficient to prove that he actually 
practised in thb mixed branch of tlic 
medical profession, as his father had 
also done. The illness which com- 
pelled J. W. Newman to remove to 

t NichoUs Ridlej, who suffered mar- 
tyrdom for bis adherence to the fvth of 
the reformed Church. 



Richard de Mannlyn iiol Abhot of Reading. 



154 

DoTer Diuy bave prevented him from 
practising i^xtmuivelj, or long, and 
thiu tinve occjisloncU tlie belief that be 
bnd never been in prnulice. It lilkcwa 
an unwiUingnesa to rdinquiah aJto- 
gether the profetiiioii, thnt lis ajler- 
wards boeonte un extra-Uamtiale oT the 
KoyuJ College of Physicians of London. 
Yours, &c. S. M. 

Mr. Urbas. \m July, 1846. 

YUt'K insertion, in your lost Num- 
ber, of a recti ficution of u preeujued 
error of the editor of the recent volu' 
able collection of Letters of Kojol and 
lllustrioua Ladiea, encourages me to 
mIe you to do the some service to lile- 
rntnru in rel'erence to a paper jirjntcd 
in tbe collection of Royal Letters edited 
by Mr. Halliwell. At p. 38 of vol. i. 
<u thnt work,is a letter from " Edward 
in. to the Ablml of Heading," in the 
dourie of which there is mention of 



m in any list of the abbot-i of Read- 
ing 1 and you may save future inquircm 
Etonie trouble if you inform them that 
the designation of Richard dc Maur- 
dyn as abbot i» b mistuke, and that 
the vhole paiter is » very singular 
example of blundering.* Tbeauthority 
cited is, "MS. Cotton. Claudius, K. 
viii. fo. 2 ;" and the whole document 
there entered runs thus, — 

Ei)wardu>, Dei gratia Rei Anglie, do. 
mlnu) Hibemie. Dnx Aqoitanie, omnibus 
■d quoa prsMnlea litcne perreneriiic. ■■- 
Intcm, NoTcrltls noa recrfiiise per manus 
dilccti clerici noElri Eilniunili de la Brclie 
cDitQilia Garderabe nnatre, do dilcL'to ao- 
bis in Chriito fritre Ricurdo de Maurdyn, 
moiucho abbids de Rcdjngg, dr jucslibua 
Ipsiua ibbatia uauui caUucin ouin patent 
auri part, poodetia triginta arpCam soil' 
donitn et uadeiiiai dflDoriurum, et precii 
viEinti duarum iibrarum et quiDdecim 
■oTidonim ; unuin alium calicem com pa- 
InnlL auri puri, ponderii quataor Ubrarum 
deccm ■olldarum ct octo denariorum, et 
precii quinquiginta qunloor Ubrarum et 
oovem ■Dlidorum i et aauro tcrineum 
aari puri, ad modum paiTi fer«tH, gami- 
turn dfliaphiriBi pcrlii orieatalibui, catna- 
butii, rubiia, balaiaiii, et aliis diienia po- 
trariis, pro TcUquiLfl ImpaDendia, ponderia 
viginti libmnim et noiem lolidonim et 
octo denarioram, et precii, par ealima- 

* We had printed our remirka upon 
this subject (see p. t4S), before the receipt 
of our correspondent's letter. — Eo. 



[Aug. 



tianero, duoentarnm Ubrarum, qiuc idom 
Abbot pro expcdidone negodorum rau- 
tuavit. Que qnidem cilicea, patcnas, et 
si^rinouta, prefalo Abbati reetituere, vet 

Crecium inde eidero aolvere, promittimua 
ona fide. Teste nie Ipao apad viUain 
aaneti Edmundi aeito die Juaii anno regai 
Doitri duodeciina. 



Edicard, by the grace of God King of 
England, lord of IreUnd, mdil) duke of 
Aquituua(2), to all to wbom tbe preaeat 
letters ahul come, greeting, Know ihat we 
have received by the hands of our be- 
loved clerk Edmund de la Beche, keeper 
of tkett) wardrobe, from our ifear^(4] 
beloved brother in Christ Richard de 
Maurdyn, obbol tjf the mona>(ery(S) of 
Reading, from the Jnrelry(6) of ihe eaid 
abbot, one chalice wilb a paten of pare 
gold(7), foor poaadB(H] in weight, and 
worth 54/. 9i. Od. i and one casketof pure 
gold for carryin;(9) raliqaea, ia the furm 
of a little ahrine, garnished with aappliires, 
oriental pearls, iurd<HiyjrM(10), rubies, 
balaiacs, and various otlier stones, twenty 
poandt^ll) in weight, and two hundred 
pounds ID value(IZ), which the said abbot 
has lent us for the furthorance of our af- 
fairs, and which we promise faithFully to 
return, or to pay the value therrof to the 
aaid abbot. Witness my Aaad(l.l) at St. 
£dmuad'a(H), tht/l/IAllb) day of June, 
In the twelfth year of our reign. 

In which are the following mistakes ' 

1. Omit the orJ. 

2. For Aquitanui, read Aquitotne. 

3. For the, read our. 

4. Omit the ilfir^. 

6. For Abbot o/tlie monantery., read 
tnotik of tiie Abbot. 

0. VoT jewelry, rcvA jeweU. 

7. After gold, insert the following 
words omitted, of the imiehl i>/ 37». 
lid. and of the tolilB of ^U. ISt.; one 
other ehaliBr, with a paten of pure gold. 

8. ARcT four ]Mmidt,iiauTt tO(. Sd. 
omitted. 

9. For carrying, read keejnng, or 
preietPing. 

10. For tardonym, rend cameot, 

1 1 . After hcehtg pomidt, insert 9». 
%d. omitted. 

12. By ettimation, omitted after 

13. For my hand, reail myielf. 

14. After at, insert Bury, omitted, 

15. forfjth, read liilh. 

This shews bow verj important it is 
to collate dociimenls with the originals. 
I hope Mr. Ualliwell'i whole bm>k i* 



1841!.] 



Cohein of Sir JoSm Savillf. 



165 



not to be j udjruJ bji this apc<.-iineii; but 
1 find strange mistakes and omiBsioiu 
in the Letter* of Charles L whioh he 
has printed from the King's Cnbinct 
Opened. Ei. gr. 

Vol. ii. p. 344. Letter dated 14th 
January, 1644, instead of '22ad Janu- 
ary, 1644-S, and misptacod a whole 
year. A letter referred to in tliis tel- 
ler, as written previously, ia inserted 
oAvrward!! at p. 359. 

Jhid. p. 361. Which I have seen, 
oioitted after Dighif't dttpab-Jl. 

P. 3(i3. 50.000 cniuvu instead of 

P. SSJ. Al letut hy Oik nymoathy thai 
it Mieitt (u, onii t ted aftcra littfe more wit. 

I'. 3G7. Itewl En^lajui iuatead of 
IreLimt in the following posange : " I 
will lake awoT nit the pen ul laws uguiiut 
the Rinnai} Catholics of Ireland. 

P. 371. Am it Li probable, oiiutlu<l 
oAct dmdout. 

P. 373. " Conecniing Ireland 

I demn nothine more than a rare 
Ihi.'re,*' inatead of, a jifam iherc. 

P. 373. CottingAiun, for CotUngfcm. 

P. 377. •' r*y converaoUoii pliiaserf 
iac.''iiutcadofiniycoaversBtioD pleosetA 

P. 370. "Otllud 1 hare been much 
pr««sed," instead of. Of lute, &c. 

v. 3S2. " We want not our fotliea," 
should bare Iieen priotud, " We want 
not onr own follies, ichich it neetlltu, 
lad I am *ure Itdiotu to teB thee." 

I am, Sic. Philalethes. 

Mb. Ubbjjt, 

BY the assistance of tiij valued 
conntr^nan and coadjutor in the 
Ycvbmirc field of genealogjr, Mr- 
Paver, I am DOW enabled to throw 
fresh l^t npon the descent of the 
I'fawaj'tes fknulj from Saville, &c. and 
on the interest of the Nevilles and 
Clsphom^ through iheni, in the nujal 
Anns. (See Prdigree, al back.) 

That the male issue of Anne 
Thwttvtea (iireviously SaviUc) is ex- 
tinct, I think there can be no moral 
doubt ; and from the reciprocal adop- 
tion of the names Greaham and Ka- 
tbarioe. hy the i»ue of Sir Henrj 
and ^^lUiam Thwairtes, I conceive 
their eommunity in the Saville nuiler- 
viVj is equallj certain ; thoueh it must 
nut be C4?ncealcd that Sir Henry 
Thwayies was twice married. That 
Frances Grexhara and Katlinrine Clap- 



ham were ulvrtiic siHtors, howe 
strengthened by the probable age, &,c. 
of the (brnier, who was certainly un- 
married at her father's death, and in 
all likelihood remained siu^e till about 
1240. Her not being mentioned in 
Lady Saville's will may be accouolcd 
for by her death; as the tearing an 
only child renders it likely she died 
soon after her maxxiaae. — The " throe 
roarrii^ea" of Sir Henry Neville arc 
alti^ther new ; but I f«d very clear 
tbcy are correct enough ; which, if 
the cose, and Sir Eaerton Brydges 
Li the originator (so tar as I know) 
of the statement, that " Elisabeth 
Greiham was progeuitrii of the Lords 
Braybrooke," — the representation of 
Grcsham is now vested in Sir J. tL 
D'Oyly, Bart. And if tie extinction 
of the male Thwayles's be allowed, 
and also the uterine sislerbood of 
Frances Gretham and Katharine Cla^- 
liam (which is well proved in its nonii- 
nal or 9|>eculalive genealogy), the right 
to quarter the Royal Anns reiaauis 
with the D'Oylys, Strongwayes, and 
CUphams. 

I have had reason to surmise more 
than this : and I would even raise a 
question whether William Thwaytcs 
was not the father, de facto, of oC Lady 
Thwaytos"B (Anne Saville's) children. 
1 lake Sir Henry Thwaytes to have 
been an old man; and his widow's 
marriage soon alW with his young 
kinsman (who was probably attacfaed 
to his household in his lifetime) ren- 
ders the cose slightly mispidous; a 
suspicion greatly strengthened by tha 
obscure manner in which their mar- 
riages and issues are recorded (if re- 
corded at all). In the authentic 
Strangwayes pedigrees, too, no one 
has ever ventured to say which hus- 
band was father of Isabel Thwaytes, 
wife of Sir Richard Slraogwayes; 
though it is quite clear that her mo- 
ther waa the coheiress of Saville. 

The genealogy in kw is probably 
unprovable ; and, therefore, so far ua 
the regulations of the Heralds' College 
affect the case, the pedigree must stand 
as I send it. 

Youra, &c. W. D'Ori-T Bailet. 
Why Sir H. Saville's illi.>gitimat« 
daughter was christened " Greaham," 
I cannot ot all ascertain. It b uo» 
shewn, however, that htr mother waa 
iMnrgaret Barkston, 



156 



Pedigree ofSaville, Thwaytesy Neville, Sfc. 



[Auff. 



o 

f 



8 1 • 



CO . CO . 

, — ^ s !:2 o £c NH 



■5* 



^ CS2> 






eo 






C P 



.a CO 

2 CO 



-2 CO o _ 
g CO O eo 



• • • • 






s 









0)eO 






B 

o 









M)'^ o S »• C 

? "^ a V S 
5^ a o r o 



•^^S 2 






"Q5 



n 



ja 3-5 



I a c i 

O O V 09 



ti 




LichfieU, Jtdg 2. 

YOUR convspondirut H. M, G. 
having it) tlua Diouth's number at llie 
Mic&zine (p. 43,) ofTered obe<?rvatitiu8 
on uie proportion* of die gccouiI pfi'S' 
mid, 1 hope jou will allow me to 
toirect a mintaki: under which bo 
Inboon in asserting that these propor- 
tions have not alreatl; been nuliceil. 
For the fact is, that not onl^ have 
Ihey been freely no^ced in different 
quiulers whieh 1 could noiue, but Mr. 
Cox, mathematical instrument uinkcr, 
Itartucan, some jcars ago manu- 
factured certain drawing squares, 
which, on accoont of their [iropor- 
lions, were niuued and ataniiied 
E^fptian squares. 

Having been led thug incidentally 
to reconTlhig fact, pertnit me to add, 
that in the j«at IS^d an imiuirv into 
tile proportioni of Lichfield Culnt^drol 
induced ue at mj leisure to cxaiiiine, 
amongst the accounts of different other 
nTsdcal structures, Belzoni's account 
of the pyramids. Now ByJioai states 
the proportions of the second pjramid 
to be, — the base 6tt4 feel, the apotome 
668 feel, and the perpendicular height 
4J6 feet. Hie shajie of the lr>p and 
tide* nmst of course be taken into 



Now, in consequence of their re- 
lation to Egjpljan DOlioDi, it is not 
oat of place very briefly to mention 
thut certain PjtIiagoreAn theories had 
eepecial reference to these numbers, 
a fact which niaj- be Bathered from 
even a popular school-book, if I am 
right in caUing any school-book popu- 
lar, (hat is to say. 

Thus, to curtail Lucian's account. 






niilowpnera, 



Greek writer, in his Sale of 

Sicturea Klercurr as an 
makes him i 



I the occasion ; — 

MEacuav. Come dova here, Fythl- 

gons, Bud shew jouraelr to the bidders. 



to a alrictlj i 
measureaueats arc a mathematical im- 
possibility : whereaa their vcr; near 
approach to mathematical proportion 
is, amongst other facto, strong evidence 
in favour of the accuracy of BeUoni's 
measurement. For if toe base lie six 
hnndrcd and dehly-four, and the per- 
pendicular hei^t four hundred and 
oftjr-nx feet, the side of a right-lined 
pyramid maii be five huniu-ed and 
■evcnty feet, or only two feet more than 
the number given by Belzoni. And 
the measnre of the base, 6H4, divided 
by 11 4, ij six ; the measure of the side, 
270, divided by the same number, ia 
five ; the measure of the perpendicular 
height, 4,S6, divided by the some, is 
four : andlbe measureof the half- bu.'W, 
divided by 1 14, is three. Whereby 
tbu consecutive proportions of llie 
height, side, and base, are four, five, 
six, and those of the riphl-nnglcd 
triangle formed by the half-baBC, the 
perpendicolar, and the side, are tjircc, 
Ibar, five, as the following figure may 
rv-ndcr yel more apparent. 



gonii ; may I put ■ few qaeetioi 



inPjrlba- 

Ob I ceitalulj i by aU 

MenCBANT to Pylhagorot. Pray, Sir, 
in what countrj did you itudy chiefly ? 

PVTUAGOBAS. lu Egjpt, 

Mebcbaht. Suppow I buy yoD, what 
da yon prolcu yourself competent to 
teach me ? 

Pythaoobab. I'll teach you arithmetic 

Meecuant. Oh I Iknowthatalready. 

PvTnAaoBAS. How do you count ? 

Mebcrant. One, two, three, four, lo 
bemre. 

pTTBADoaAS. No, no, ray friend ; 

not lo be sure, ■■ yon oil it, rioce whin 

yoD coDDt four you count ten [one and 

two are three, and Ihree are <u, and four 

cd]. And four, moreoTcr, being a 

■ • ■ •- 's lbs Dumber we swear 



understind tbefie Ihingv you iIiaII be 
taught tbe myitery of the four elements, 
whicb are the inetrnmcnls of that pow— - 
and then (BU9;ht the mbbme dorti 
which shews Gud himself to be bamony 



umber. 



MiBcuANT lo Mermy. Then, by the 



I 



1,18 



The Famik 



IHmt ftod Four, tlist'i lerj lubliue Rud 
wonclcrful 1 I ilutl huy bitn. 

Miacuar. I wlali yoa jo)' of yanr 
lMrg:<iia. Tike him, uiil good luck to jod, 



tlit^n 



s four and I 



tu;nt\f tn/Htienl id the school whence 
I'jthugoriu derived his notions about 
them, that is, in l^J'pt. And, with 
refiircnce to the Egyptian pjrninid 
under caniideralion, it may now be 
neon that the integer four expreaxlnj; 
it« height, ii« height and b»ae are ten, 
and the two ridea of a section of it 
Iwethcr ten, wbile the height nod 
hiuf-boae Kre seven ; seven, m every- 



body kaowi!, haring been everywhere 
looked upon an a myiticiU niunber. 
The essay which I began on Lichlield 



Cutbeilrul having eventually swelled 
into vflmt iirobiiGlv niiiy "ever reach 
l,iil.lW(i,m, " A 'G^-ui-ral llisl.ipv of 
hi'li^ious SyiiiboUnna Mystic:il N'uni- 



■npl, 



Ace; 



tlie SIU', rusiliun, ami l*ru]iorlJons of 
LIchfiotd Catheilral and iu Cloie In 
the twclfUi and thirteenth centuries," 
I need scnrcely add, that, so far from 
robbing your correspondent of his 
laurels, I shall have idok than otilinary 
gilcnsure in reading his account of the 
" mystery " either of an Egvjitian 
pjrrainid or of an Encliab cathuilrnl. 
Yours, &c. LicnrELDENRis. 

P.S. — In Lompriere's Clnssicol Dic- 
tionary, it is slated of I'ythngorns that 
it is to him the world ia imlubletl for 
the demonstration of tlie furly-scventh 
proposition of the first book of Euclid's 
dements about the square of the hv- 

Cenuse. But, inasmuch as even the 
t accounts of Pythagoras are con- 
fi^saedly written wilb more erudition 
than veracity, it is otily reasonablt 



suppose that he acquired the know- 
leUDe of tliis demonstratiou in Kgypt, 
uid therefore had no just cause for 



being so " elated after making the dis- 
covery " as to forget his ulualai 
to the sacrifice of auiuaJ li 
sequence of it. 



nflhrUrt. CAi^J 

Houxe of Herbert. A like wish ] 
have long ent^rlaincd, and trust some 
one will be found to undertake the 
tsfik of looking into the stores of in- 
formation deposited in our national 
archives, as well as the inforuiatinn to 
be sained from the muniments in 
Berkeley Castle, Badminton, Wilton 
House, and other places where tlie 
family of Herbert have resitted. I 
look forward with the hope of a dif- 
ferent pedigree to any we have seen 
before of the Herberls, whL>n Mr. 
Druminond takes it in hanil for his 
magnificent work now in progress of 
publication. Your correspondent 
WiLTOMCKSiB describes the common 
ancestor of the vorious lines of Her- 
bert to be Thomas, ap Gwiliui, ap 
Jenkin, of Llansabtfrsid,* living io 
the reign of UichanI the Second, who 
Dciiuireil the cantle of Uagland, in 
Monmouthshire, by his marriage with 
Moud, daughter of Sir John Morley, 
Lonl of Kagland. Now this possession 
of Kagland 1 do not think is by any 
means a correct account of the way it 
came into the Herbert family. I should 
like to Icnow who Sir John Morley 
was, of what family he came, anil 
how he became pouessed of Ksgland. 
I believe tlie case Xa be, that Maud 
was heiress of Llansaiutfraid, and not 
of Rngland, because we find Sir John 
Bluet, Knt. Lord of Ragtoni), and 
his daughter and heir, Ebuabeth. or 
Isabel, was called Lady of Kagland, 
and married, firtt, Sir James BerkeL-y, 
younger brother of Thomas Berkeley, 
Lord Berkeley, of Berkeley Castfi!, 
and secondly, she married Sir William 
ap Thomas, alias Herbert, a younger 
son of llomas ap Gwilim, of Llan- 
saintfrud, and the Lady of Raglanil 
conveyed the estate \a her second 
husbimU ; and their son, AVilliam 
Herbert, crcBl«<l Earl of Pembroke, 
possessed Kagland, and was gmnd- 
fatlier to the lady who married Sir 
Charles Somerset, and thus the estate 
passed into the Beaufort family, the 
present jwsscssors. The poasesBiun 
of Itngland by tlie Berkeley f:iiiiily 



^™-^""*''' 1 w"'"'*'*' ' Llxn'-l-tfraid is .itu.ted ae« to 

YOLRcorrespondentWu.To.tia.ii8 Llsnu^ Court, in Monmoutli.hire. the 
(ji. a4) is anxious to know some par- uat of Jolm Jones, rw]. Ibi- head c 



B to know t 
espccting the origin of tlie 



home of llvrbcrl. 



etf. 159 

Duuxlois, dMcendcd from Chorlemiigne. 
Anuthur puint I wisli clcnred up ia the 
reason llie arms undcrirent a change 
at the time of the creation of \Vm. 
Herbert, Earl of Pembroke : for Peter 



1646.] Sow 

could lie proved, I have no doubt, bj 
papers at Berkdey Castle. 

Gliomas ap Gwilim, of Llnn^timt (raid, 
WW buried in the charch of Llan- 
BUQtfrud, OD the Bth of July, U38, 

which looks like it being hid place of fitt Herbert bore, Gulea, three lioni 

residence, and not Rnslimd. i'honias rampUDt or, which waa changed to the 

of Gwilim is said to have descended present benring. Per pale oiure and 

from a Peter Herbert, who. the British gules, three lions rampant argent. The 

heralds assert, married Alice, daughter creat, a Moorish woman's head, seeuu 

and sole heir of Blcthin Broadspeare, to imply that some of the earljinenibera 

I»rd of Llonllowell, near L'sk. The of the house took part in the Cnuadcs ; 

Inijolsitiones post Mortem would pro- the wreath under the crest still re- 

bablj set all things richt, fur I find tains the colours of the original arms, 

Peter Gls llcginalJ is describeil in bis vii. or and gules. All these partieulars 

inquintinn, 20 Edw. IT. No. 40, as I hope Mr. Drummond will have 

' posseasing lands tu Somerset and clearly made out when he publishei 

DoTwl, and Matilda, his widow, then the history of the House of Herbert. 

wife of Nicholas de Odecombe. seeks Before I conclude, I cannot help hint' 

her dower. I am most anxious to bitve ing at the neclected state of the 

the question of the origin of the first tombs of the HBrberta, in Aberfa- 

of tire name of Herbert who settled in venny Church ; I wish some memW 

England i Edmondsoncallsbim Herbert of so illustrious a house would see to 

fitz Peter, whieh Peter was a yout^r their restoration. 
brother of Herbert, Count of Ver* Tours, Sic. Bi. Juuxs's, 



SONNETS BY C. S. 



a ECSEDICS, B. T. C. 1. 

"ITieirs was tlie living faith, heroic breast. 

Who, when the rack no yielding ery had wrung. 

To the fierce flame, or foul hysena flung, 

Still their Lord's name, meek sufferers I coufest. 

Oh, noble army of earth's hpUesl I 

From whose free blood the Church to ripeness sprung. 

Well may we read your story, conscience -stung. 

Who, what ye earned, inherit — dangerous rest ; 

Well shrink ashamed, on whom the morning's chill 

Or mid-day heat strikes like a martyr's pain, 

Hsummoned some small duty to liilfilL 

Gold, easy gift, without a muscle's str^n. 

Now wins a martyr's praise ; and win it will. 

In days when death is loss and life ia gain. 



Althongh grown old in wondering, yet the sight 
Of the young moon, lit from the pun anuw, 
Strikes as a fresh creation on my view, 
Another splendour added to the night. 



160 Sonnets. [Aug. 

Rounded to fulness now, and now less bright, 

Shrinking as ocean shrinks from stranded crew 

Whose sails flap idly since tlie tide withdrew. 

The planet seems to ebb and flow with light. 

To our own fortunes linked by some dark chain. 

We, fellow voyagers, to bring her near. 

And her dim features read, our vision strain ; 

Eager to know if on her spotted sphere, 

With hill-top rough, and smooth with golden plain. 

Dwell beings, like ourselves, of hope and fear. ^ 

in. 

Well may I mourn, nor blush to own my woe. 
Now death hath silenced that half* human note, 
Marring, sweet bird I thy green and golden coat, 
And neck, where rainbow hues would come and go. 
Dear Poll I I never shall forget thee : no ; 
Charms beyond graceful shape and tuneful throat 
Made me — a stoic deem*d~so strangely doat, 
And still bid tears, as I behold thee, flow ; 
For thou wert fond, intelligent, and true. 
And shamedst many of the lordly race. 
Who reason boast, but friendship never knew. 
Methinks thy being to some happy place 
Will yet ascend, where love shall have its due ; 
For God is love, and wants not power or space. 

IV. 

TO THE BIXMOBT OF OEOBGE AND ANNE BODLBT, OF WITHLBIGH, IN 

THE PABI8H OF TIVBBTON. 

A farm lies mapped upon the green hill-side. 

Once by a yeoman own*d of no mean name, 

But from a worthy knight deriy*d, — ^the same 

Who the Bodleian*8 learned store supplied. 

Hither, when Blundell*s school-gates opened wide. 

And I was free to go, none ever came 

More welcome to the good man and his dame, 

In summer or at merry Christmas-tide. 

Dear scenes of cheerful toil I at mom*8 first glow 

I followed the blithe mower to the vale. 

And watch*d as sank the grass in lengthening row : 

Tuneful the maiden filled her foaming pail ; 

And, when the silent fields were white with snow. 

Echo would mock the quick beat of the flail. 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



I 



Mrmoirt of the JMobiUi o/ 1715 oTtd 
17«. % Afr«. ThonuKni. Vol.111. 
Seo. 

MRS. THOMSON baa in this vo- 
lume brought to B close her Memoirs 
of the Jacobites * bj biogrnphieii of 
Lord George Murraj, the DuJce of 
Perth, Flora Macdonald, the Earls 
of Kilmarnock imil Bahiierino, and 
Clurles Ratelifle. lu jiortrayiiig se- 
parately persons who were engsjied. as 
acton in one common cause, there 
moat neceasarilj be aoiae repetitioiu, 
and there are in this volume a good 
IDanif that might bare been avoided ; 
but, in spite of all drawback*, the book 
is nwfu] and interesting, and entitles 
its author to take rank with the best 
of the ladj historians by whose labours 
modem bteraiure is distjnguisbeil. 

In the biographies of Lord George 
Mumiy and the Duke of Perth we 
hare a full account of the enterprise 
of Charles Edward, from the landing 
of the seren men of Moidart to the 
disBat«rs of Cullodcn ; the romantic 
■dventurea of the Pretender in the 
Highland* necessarily form the subject 
of the life of Flora Macdonald ; the 
l^nl ameltieii which followed upon 
tl^ mpprei^on of the Rebellion are 
detailed in the biographieg of Kil- 
marnock, Balmerino, and Charles Rat- 
cUfie. These are all good useful points 
in EngUeh hLitory. and Mrs. Thomson 
has spared no pains in their eluci- 
dation. 

Lord Georae Murray's chief quali- 
fications for his leadership of the Pre- 
tender's army were found in bis ac- 
knowledged bravery, his acquaintance 
with the nishland character, and com- 
mand oTcr toe inferior classes of that 
peculiar people: bis practiesl clever- 
neas and fertility of genius, combined 
with forethought, regularity, and care- 
fnlneas ; bis power ol endurmg all iduds 
of hardship, and of teaching and en- 
forcing the soldier-like duties of dis- 
cipline and eobriety, not merely by 

■ Se* Gent. Ms?. Vol. XXV. N. S. 
p. S»i. 
GEjn. Uio. Vol. XXYt 



precept but bj example. All these 
excellent qualities were more than 
countcrbaknced by many inRrmitieii. 
He was obstinate to excess, could 
not brook an equal in authority, was 
indiscreet in the use both of tongue 
and pen, and, wont of all, coidd not 
malnuiin a drooping cause, but lost all 
hope when affairs went badly. Such 
a uiau could not be a hero, and ought 
not to have been permitted to assume 
the command of a desperate expe- 
dition Uke that of Charles Edward. 
It was from the first a forlorn hope, 
and should have been placed under 
the orders of a commander who n< 



dreamt that any thing was unattain- 
able; one who by bis own daring reck- 
lessness could have infused into those 
around him an anticipation of good 
success even wbcu the tide of fortune 
was at its lowest ebb. Of the ebarac- 



of Perth, we possess but little infor- 
mation. That be was generous, ao- 
CompUshed, courageous, and well-tu- 
tored in the theory of war, is admitted; 
but it may be doubted whether he had 
either sufficient physical strength or 
acquaintance enough with practical 
warfare to have made a succesaliil 
eeneraL One thing is in hi* favour. 
If he had hod the command, the High- 
landers would not have retreated fi^m 
Derby, (iii. 282.) 

A mystery is thought to haiu; over 
the ncath of this amiable nobleman. 
He was wounded at Culloden, and for 
some time after the battle subsisted 
precariously amongst the mountains. 
Attet the lapse of a month or two, 
Charles Edward, standing on the sum- 
mit of an eminence in the isle of Erri- 
fort, near Lewes, beheld two frigates 
sailing northwards. He thought they 
were French, and wished that they 
should be reconnoitred. His com- 
panions declared them to be English, 
and the boatmen refused to go out. 
The Pretender was right. In one of 
those ships, according to the report of 
two i>erdoiU ffbg were 11I94 in W« «1' 



4 



J 



162 RsviEW.— Mrs. Thomson*!! Memoirs of the Jacohitee. [Augf. 



them, was the Duke of Perth. The 
flhipe reached Nantes safely ; and shortly 
aflerwfurds a mmour was spread abroad 
that the Duke of Perth Lad died ou 
board of one of them at sea, and that his 
corpse had been committed to the deep, 
In tne year following, the duke*s brother 
died at Antwerp, soon after which 
4^ftiat a monument was erected to the 
tiiemory of them both, and the fact of 
the Duke*s death at sea is clearly 
iUited in the inscription. In oppo- 
sition to this account there have been 
several claimants of the honours and 
estates of the Drummonds, who have 
alWcd that the rumour of the duke*s 
deaUi was purposely set afloat in order 
to conceal nis red retreat ; that, after 
waadering about for a considerable 
jyeriod in the neighbourhood of his 
" bonny castle ana his bonny lands," 
he crossed the border and found re- 
Aqfe under the protection of Nicholas 
Limbton, esq. at South Biddick, in 
the parish of Houghton -le- Spring; 
that ne took up his abode there with 
A John Armstrong, a collier, whose 
daughter he marrieil in the year 1749, 
aiid, after being engaged in rarious oc- 
cropations of humble life, died in 1782, 
fetring a numerous family. His eldest 
ton pMed through life as a pitman, 
disregarding his noble descent ; but his 
e^est son (the duke*s grandson) pre- 
^rrcd his claim to the earldom of 
Perth, and, in proof of the story we 
have told, statea many corroborative 
drcumstances of a very curious kind. 
Whether they were fictitious or not, we 
have no moans of knowing. The proof 
seems to have satisfieil an ex parte jury 
in Edinburgh, by whom the claimant 
was sorvetl heir to his deceased great- 
tfranduncU\ Lord Edwanl Drummond, 
uo duke's youngest brother.* Mrs. 
Thomson does not state this circum- 
stance, nor docs she tell us what be- 
came of the claim. 5%c ri^lies upon 
the toml»stonc aoinnnit of the dnfec's 
deeth ; but justly points out how re- 
markable it is that, if that creut did 
tliko pla^n* at soa, tho fact should not 
have boon notiinnl by eitherof tho dnke*s 
two prt^suuKHl iH>*vovag»*rs, to whom we 
hlive In^fort* alludtHl. Thcv N^ih Icfi 
Written papers u|mu\ the suf»jei*t of the 
tOjm^ iA which no mention is made 
df the duke « death. On the contrarr. 



* Set Gtat. M«f« CI. p« Tl. 



one of them states that *^ all the gen- 
tlemen who crossed to Nantes " pro- 
ceeded afterwards to Paris. Such a 
statement, coupled with the fact that 
the same writer makes mention that 
the duke was aboard, makes silence 
as to his death very singular and sus- 
picious. 

The adventures of Flora Maockmald 
have been often told, but never^ We 
believe, with so much mimuteneM^ mor 
with such full infbrmatioiiy as in tiM^ 
present volume. The nsorratiTe is 
susceptn>Ie of considerable imprtw ^^ 
ment, by compression, wbich we boM 
Mrs. Thomson will have opportmdtia^ 
of effecting in future ediUoos; Poorif 
as we think of the cause of the Pre- 
tender, and still more so of the wi>doM 
of those who supported him in tlM 
fieldy we trust there never will cone 
a tune when the admiraUe eounipki e€ 
generous and heroic self-devotiosi pre- 
sented by this simple unaffected woaMB 
will fail to stir the hearts of all wlie 
become acquainted with it. Mm 
Thomson should have told ns ii We 
the morfid relics of sock a woMan 
rest, and what inscriptioB indioBlai 
her tomb. Society is so deeply \a^ 
terested in the preaervation ana czal« 
tation of the memorv of all penodt 
who have overcome the selfismMM ef 
our nature, that, in referenee to fVtil 
persons, these «u*ticiilars should mnrir 
be omitted. The memoir of Plofl 
Macdonald, although necessary to tte 
completeness of the history, is so much 
out of keeping (to use the aftk^s 
phrase) with xwfse of others of tlie Pre* 
tenders coadjutors Uuit Mrs. Tliooi- 
son should take it out from tlie no* 
worthy asesociation and p n b i i s h H 
se]>arately, as an addition to the waetf 
examples and proofs of the briglit end 
generous action* whkA wmimb M 
achieve. 

The most important parts of the ve* 
mainin^ lives are demred fntk tiM 
Staf<^ Trials, with the addition of tko 
gossip of the time extneted fron 
Horace >\'alpoUN and some letter* 
communicated from private sooroee. 

There arc a good many lua/^akm 
scattered here and there thitn^gkoilt 
the volume^ which will disappetfy we 
hope, upon rerision. One we beg to 
recomuHMul to the attention of the 
Shak5{)erp ScKMcty. It Is said, atjp. 411, 
that it may \^ nsoMMk 01 Lort 



»46.] RevIbw.— Mlgnefs Anlonio Perex end Phi7>p U. I«« 

Balnerino. '^ as of Dr. Donne buJtaak taste;* secondly, ns involTinffthe con- 
WiJioti, that nothing in life beciunc stitutional libei^m of die kiogdiw of 
t.:™ lita 1I.0 i/.n«4-™ .» " Mm ii.„™- AragoD 1 nnd thirdly, bs diKloaiDe the 
praoticcs of the Inqnisition, m 'inadk 
respect file ex-neeretwry of thnt few- 
fiJ tritiusat. Llorente, has done mndi 



him like the leaving it." Mm. Thorn- 
•on may complete the quotation when 
ahe Tenfiw me referaiee, 

"H«diBd 
A* ooe thit hid he«n studied in hit death 
To throw *waj the deareit lliiag he uw'd 
> etrelew triBB." 



Li addition to the common sources 

of information, M. Mignet hae had 

ttcccss to niany doti materials, wWcli 

U.S. w.vi.w.^^ v,^,^ u. ^.^- ^^ '"" combined very haj^y. lliey 

''uT' MceuOcd" the" sciiffJd "^f*^'^ o*". ' ■ A MS. hdonging to the 

in his rebelliouj reginieulal^ French MiniBlcr of Foreign Affiun, 

and tn>d Ui« boards "with Qie sir of contnuimg a copyof aU the matter re- 
• gmaral.- He bowed caluilj to the ^t^^,*" ^L"''^5^^!!'^»f f™fj 
■pMCtotorc. reod the ' »....-«. 



a exaniined ius "pHlow of reat," 

M he teruied iho block, re»I his speech 
with all the coolnefls iu the world, 
MstUcd the ugnol and gave the execii- 
"* K hii fee a£ if he hod been per* 
! onHnary ' 



from lii« first impriionment 1 
torture and escape. ''In this ntanu- 
Bcripi, numerous and posidve testi- 
Rionice leave not a ihadow of doubt 
as to the amours of Perez with tba 
Princess of Eboli, and tlie real eaaaes 

^ „,„„„ „.— ui^ u. "'" ''"^ muttler ofEscovedo. Its pe- 

fcetuniedto^idrhi* friend^ ''"•'*■ suggrsied to me the first idea of 

SbaUy iotiuiated rome '^ work."— 2. A MS. of seventeea 
aeeming unconcern, volumes of the Acts of the Inquirition 
- — . 7^ . of Spain, bequeathed by Llorente to 

the Itoyal Library of Farig, and con- 
taining all the pieces relative to the 
trial of Ferez, and the other eventff. 
Tliis, we presume, is llie collection, 
from which Lloreute oflercdto publiih 
at large the trials of those who suffered 
for the reformed religion in Spain, but 
which jyoposol unfortunately he did 
__ not receive eulEcieut em ' 

ffom to execute. (See McCrii 



I afraid," he Mid, " that there 
I here who may think loy 
r bold. Remember, sir," he 
added, aildressine a gentleman near 
Uni, ""what I telT^on : it arises from 
a juat confidence m God, and from a 
cku* canacieuce." Uemorable and 
1 words (iij. 464), nhich for* 
^lemind ux ol a pnasafe from Dr. 
m, quoted by Mrs. Tha 
li^liM being in rebellii 



jmC anoth^'s right, is n 
P vMi d^ravity. 



Spain, preface, p. v.) Hia 
printed work conluins Indeed an ac- 
count of the tHal of Feres, and of 
those which {<" 



;b followed upon it ; but 
i^,_i„ r„„. «-J Pi.7.n If n- oxxess to the Acts themselves Ja m- 
^u^.frT7^wt/ r-K portant to the investigator— 3. The 
^r^5^ a^^^l-j;" ^ Mrr«pondenceoftheS^h,Enrfish, 
BX. fb«( 8to. ;>p. r«. 8.W. aud French Ambassadors, in the State 

Paper Office ; in (he Royal Liln-ory at 
Paris, where many unpn wished letters 
and MSS. of Perez are preeervadj 
and in the archives of Simaneas, from 
™ 7."""""* '": whence it appear, at paye 86, that 
and,b)a.»tur.l Hiculars 4^e ftniistef by Don 
^^_^1.^' r^:^'}"!": Slanuel Garcia Gon»I«. the p,««Bt 
keeper. — 4. A work of Don Evador 
Berraudei de Castro, lately publi«bed 
at Madrid, under the title ni Aabmio 



THE events on whieh this work k 
(banded are l«o well knuwn to erery 
iiMMfaJ' of Bpaniah hiittury to reii^uire 
aBj freeh narration ; they have, it is 
iTMi been ororhwged by fnnolful ii 



1 flonteated, but there 
nMOB to iloubl iheit truth in the 
maiUi and the Infest writer* on the 
Urtoij of ^Miin, Dr. Dunham and Mr. 
nuA have acknowledged their im- 
■OTWioe by relating thEm. They are 
dHerarting ; first, a* brineing to %bt 
a Mrtion nf " Secret Hislory," Ibr 
«Ucb fsne readcn hsn bo insatiable 



• ■■ Notre curiosity n'm pas fatitFilte 
li «ne n'a pm pour objet del intricuoi de 
«mr ou dea ntftirpi dVtat," (Pinatea 
de mcok, par M. Hanaa, IM6, y. 9S.) 



llM 



164 Review.— Mignet's Antonio Perez and PkU^ II. [Aug. 

Pertz^ secretario de estado del rey 
FeUpe IL whicli, though attxactively 
written, and composed m>m some un- 
questionable documents, contains some 
details of pure invention, and the lus- 
torical sources are not properly in- 
cUcated; however, some information 
has been gained from it— ^. An Italian 
MS. narrative, entitled, Relaziane delle 
Cose di Spagna, by Antonio Tiepolo, 
written in 1577, one year before the 
murder of Escovedo, and preserved in 
the Royal Library. It is valuable for 
the portraits it draws of prominent 
personages at the time. 

The book has been already trans- 
lated into Spanish and Grerman ; and 
the reader will observe with pleasure 
(p. ix.) a letter from the author, ex- 
messing himself glad that so able an 
English translator has undertaken it, 
which will ffive him the greater con- 
fidence in the translation. 

The following character of Antonio 
Perez, from the narrative of Tiepolo, 
will serve as an appropriate introduc- 
tion. It shews tnat he set out with 
great advantages as a statesman, but 
with the drawback of vices which 
ultimately spoiled them and ruined 
himself. 



** Autonio Perez, secretary of state, is 
a pupil of Ray Gomez. He is very dis- 
creet and amiable, and possesses much 
authority and learning. By his '^reeable 
manners, he goes on tempering and dis- 
goiiing much of the disgnst which people 
would feel at the king's slowness and 
sordid parsimony .... He is so clever 
and capable, that he must become the 
king's principal minister. He is thin, of 
delicate health, rather extravagant, and 
fond of his advantages and pleasures. H e 
is tenacious of being thought much of, 
and people offering him presents.'' p. 10. 

As a contrast to this character of 
a rising minister, or at least of one 
who appeared to be in the ascendant, 
let us take the description of a de- 
clining one, the more important, as some 
sturdv apoloffists have endeavoured to 
overthrow the general testimony of 
history, for the sake of the cause with 
which he was implicated. 

''The Duke of Alva is accounted a 
dissembler, artful, and very experienced, 
hut jealous and spiteful. The lang shews 
him much good will, but employs him 
little. He has no authori^^,*-'no standing. 
Accfl^dingly, there are nw people who 

tAe wj notlM of Um« In ord^r t9 



conceal his small share of favour and his 
ill-luck, he never leaves the king.*' 
p. 9. 

In reading the last paragraph we 
are at once reminded of an ezpresaiye 
line in Johnson^s Vanity of HumaB 
Wishes — ^''And power too mat to 
keep or to resi^.** And who does 
not see a just retribution, in the i>er80ii, 
who abused his power so ferociooslj, 
being reduced to manoeuvre in order 
to preserve its fragments ? The third 
person who appears on this eventful 
stage is Escovedo, secretary to the cele« 
brated Don Juan of Austria. Philip, 
whose calamity it was to be jealous 
both of a brother and a son, made use 
of the compliant treachery of Perec as 
a spy upon the former. 

''At the same time, to become ac- 
quainted with all his brother's designs, 
and watch the intrigues of Escovedo, he 
authorized Peres, who was the ooniideat 
of the one, and the friend of the ottier, (o 
correspond with them .... to enter 
into their views, to appear to gain his 
favour for them, to speak even very freely 
of him in order to throw them (A their 
guard, and afterwards to betray their 
secrets to him. Perez sought, or at the 
very least, accepted this odious part. He 
acted it, as he himself relates, with a shame- 
Ims devotion to the king, and a studied 
perfidy towards Don Juan and Escovedo. 
He wrote letters to them, which were 
even submitted to the inspection of Philip, 
and in which he did not idways speak res- 
pectfully of that prince ; he afterwards oom- 
municated to Philip the bold despatdies 
of Escovedo, and the effusions of Dim 
Juan's restless ambition.'* pp. 16, 17. 

It is surprising how a person of 
Philip's sagacity did not suspect, that 
Perez, who submitted to act as his 
tool, would use him in return as his 
own, which he did in making him an 
accomplice in the murder of Escovedo. 
Perhaps, however, Philip did suspect 
it, or at least discovered it by the 
event, as he abandoned him imme- 
diately. What a worthless pair they 
were, appears from their letters, in 
which they have the mutual effirontery 
to act villnnottsly on principle. Perez 
says : 

** But let your majesty use good pre- 
caution in reading these papers; for, if 
my artifice is discovered, I shall no longer 
be good for anything, and shall have to 
discontinue the game. Moreover, I know 
YCry well (hat) f9r my duty end confcieiioe| 



1S46.] Review.— Miguel's Antonio Pei'ts and Philip II. 



I am doing, in all tiiig, notMtis but ohst 
I oughl ; uiil I need no other theology 
Ihao mj own to comprehend it." p. 17. 

Ue WIS quite rigbt in aurmigiiig that 
he would become u^leis if hU nrtiiice 
WM discovered, for whcntlio auspicioii 
of tlie murder fell upon him, he be- 
came uaelcie to Flulip, or, as M- Uigiiet 
Mrtly obserrcs, a worn-ont tool. To stain ou PhilJj 



rbilij) 



166 

lutd lo«t Ml e^e ;t tbal iLc wife of 
Perei, doubtless not devoid of Spanish 
jealous;, cave proof of enduring naasion 
for her husband : after thi?, let him 
believe such kte minours if he has a 
mind to do so." The weight of Ronke's 
opinion has helped for the moment to 
discredit the story, and to whiten a 
•••!,> ™. Plillin'o ueniorj ; but the 



aequittal has been pronounced too 
soon. M. Mignet has established the 
fact of the current history : "(Ae hut 
rmi»on," he observes, alluding to the 
devoted affection of the wife of Ferei, 
"goes fur nothing;" and, unfortunately, 



precious communication , 

"Tnist, in eierytbing, to my cireniu- 
nitction. My theology understands the 
lUng JQit ai yoars does, and coDsiders 
not only that you are doing your duty, 
bat that you would hive been leiuiss to- 
ward God and man bod you Dot done at 
io order to enlighten m; onderstandiDg 
ai completely as ii Decenary againit hi 
daceiti and upon the things of (his w 
at which I am truly alanned." 

The idea of guarding against huiuau case ; 
deceits by treachery, scarcely re- rehes. 
qiiires a note of admiration to shew its . . a, fo, ^^ objection derived from the 
character! But where, we may uslt, »ge and appearancs of the Princess of 
did Philip and his minister acquire Eboli, it has not much foundation eitEier. 
Iboaepriodple£,about which they oreso All contemporary writers agree in pr^aing 
wdl agreed? Was itinthe language of li" beauty. Bom in 1540, she married 



h ground fc)r saying s 
e we often see most devoted wivea 
attached to worthless husbande, whose 
delinquencies they will not believe, or 
too amiably overlook. But abstract 
■■eosoniuK amounts to little in such a 
:. ... -T ^f^ (1,^^ y Mignet 



the Decretal*? — "Simulatio uliiit 
et in I«mporc assumenda" (Pars i. 
Caui. a. Quiest. ^.) ; for one of the 
crils of such principles Ib, that they 
can be drawn oat to any length by 
disbonett and croily mintk. A)id did 
Pnrez throw out the hint about hi;! 
theology, to obUun a recognition ol 
it froinniiUt>, so as not to be entangled 
alone if he should be cauzht in his 
own net P At all events, it is some 
satis&ction to know tliat both of them 
reaped as they had sowed, in a fear o 
eacn other, which lasted till Philip' 



l5S3,attheage 

of thirteen,! and wis only thirty. eight 
years old at the present period. There 
was then Dothiug to prevent the iatimscy 
which M. RaoWe discredits, but which 
numerous testimonies place beyond all 
doubt." p. 35. 

It is ujijileasaut to trace tie proba- 
bilities ul such txU, which, taken in 
tbemaelves, would better have been 
burii.-d in oblivion, but which, having 
unlbrtuiiately become matter of his- 
loi-y, require to be established or re- 
fuleil. The result of M. Mlgnet's in- 
(juiries proves that Ranke is decidedly 
wrong, and this throws an air of doubt 
!rhis other attempts at palliatic 



Princess of Eboll, is too weU known ^^^'f;*lfi'7',l^,t^^f.i'/"^.'f^^';!^ 
to the readera of Spanish history to """ '"' " ' '" "' "**■"•" ">-™— 
need anything more than an allusiou. 
Ranke, taking oucaxioii to carp 



I 



f the Sponiith empire, 
' appended to his History 
of "the topes.* He says, "Let the 
reader take ioto consideration that 
the princew was already in yeiira, and 



* It il pnblished uniformly with Mr. 
Kellj'a transUtiOD, and the passage re- 
(arred lo notmrt at p. 49, note *• 



implicitly .5 'I1ie trial (jnwwfo) proves 
that the intimacy was notorious ; that 
the household of the prmcess murmured 

t M. Mignet says it was a oast in one 
eye. 

X " Del^ls given by Don Manuel 
Garcia Gonzales, the present archirisl of 
Simsncss." (Author's note,) 

5 At p. ?7, M. Mignet again corrects 
Ranke, who had said that Gronvelle re- 
ceived the presidency of the coundl of 
Cntilt: ho received that of //a/y, and 
directed the foreign policy of Thilip till 
fail death in 1386. 



1 



166 Rernsw.^'Mignel^s Antonio Per ex ^nd PMip 17. IkiBig. 



at it, 80 that some of lier near rela- 
lioiis wanted to hiU Perez, Ranke, it 
win be remembered, has argued from 
"die absence of Spanish jealousy; he 
viU, therefore, aUow it its due weight 
when positivelj in evidence. 

** Tfafif opmion was entertained by every 
body ; it prevailed in Sptin, where more 
than eight witnesses, or different grades 
In society, deposed in court, without act- 
ing in concert or in secret, that Escovedo 
had been killed for having wanted to 
defend the honour of Prince Buy Gomes, 
n^ose servant he had been." p. 39. 

But we have the authority of Perez 
himself, unless he be set aside as a 
liar; for D^Aubigne, in his Histoirc 
UniverseUe, Amsterdam, 1626 (t. iii. 

^430), sajrs, " About this time [1593], 
iidame mtroduced to the king her 
brother, a first secretary ofSpain, 
named Antonio Perez \ . . As we 
learned from him, the king of Spain 
and Antonio Perez having become 
rivals in the affections of a ladj," &c. 
(Note at p. 42.) 

How Perez nrocured the assassina- 
tion of Escoveao by Philip*s authority, 
thus rendering his ri\^ an accomplice 
in his crime, and how Philip cast off 
Perez on finding it necessary to dis- 
avow or defend him, are well-known 
matters of history. The fact, however, 
has acquired another kind of im- 
jKxrtanoe, fixMn being adduced as an 
instance in the science of political 
•ethics. Lieber, the American writer 
on that subject, when arguing that 
^ihe state or authority cannot require 
an immoral act or permit a crime,** 
4»ys, ^Philip U. could not rightfully 
witliarise any person to murder the 
Prince of Orange, still less offer a re- 
ward. and protection acainst all future 
moleatatian; nor coiud Charles n. 
«Btlwriie the assassination of Grom- 
imIL Ko king can order any person 
•to murder another, as Philip ordered 
Perez to murder Escovedo, without 
prooess,-on aooount of weighty reasons 
respecting himself (the king) and the 
orown, and well-]^roved facts. (Manual 
of PoUtical Ethics, ed. London, 1839, 
chap. V. pp. 197, 198.) We have cited 
tlds passace at length, becauae at page 
78 M. Mignet has actually quoted 
Philip*B letter to the Prince of Parma, 
letting « price on the head of the 
Prince of Orange, avofwedly *^iii order 
to endeftTour to get rid of such a 



wretched penucions man, alreadj con- 
demned, and whom Ins doings ai^ A£ij 
condemning still more.** 

The escape of Perez isto Axi^on 
is the nesrt sulject of intereat : 

« The flight of Peres had canaedfOBead 
satisiiustion. Even Philip's ee«ut-lbo^ 
named Uncle Martin, who, like hlilUknra» 
had the privilege of spealdng freely (o Ms 
master on every subjeety and 0f ahewlMig 
himself a wise man ia seeauag to play 
the fool, said to him» in open coart, ii|poa 
the sobjieot of this eaeape : 'Sire, who Ja 
this AatoDio Peres, whose esoapa said 
deliverance have fiUed every one widi 4^ 
light ? He cannot then have baea gniUjf 
xfjoioe, therefore, like other people.' Bait 
far from taking his fool's good adrifai^ 
Philip extended the severity of hispaoMoa* 
tiotts to the innocent family of Bscea*'' 
p. 136. 

^Vhen Perez was in pison at Ssra* 
ffodsa, in order, as he aaid, to aheir tbe 
king what pledges he poasoaaad fixr hii 
acquittal, 

" He sent to Philip the prior «f Gotec, 
to whom he had shewn, m nnslniiBitiai 
eonfidmoe, all the papem he had in hia 
possessioB; he had let hias ase thoap 
notes in the king's handwriting, whidi 
aathorised him to correspond wkh 0an 
Joan and Escovedo upon the most aaorot 
affairs of state, to alter their deq^tdies hk 
deciphering them.** p. 149. 

That part of the history which w 
connected with thelnqoisition has been 
illustrated by Llorente, to iriMm iUa 
work is much indebted. Bat we mait 
hastily follow Perez to England, whesei 
after the publication of his Batoionei^ 
in 1594, 



''The vindictive monaieh 
again to rid himself of Peres, who WM 
denouncing his perfidy and crnelty to all 
£nrope. Two Irishmen received and 
accepted from Count de FnenteSt the 
governor of the Netherlands, the misston 
to kill him. Being seized in London 
with letters which implicated them, they 
were, upon their own confession, con- 
demned to death; and (heir heads were 
fixed upon one of the city gales near 
Saint Paul's." p. 268. 

It shews the abilitv and address of 
Perez that, wherever ne went, notwitb- 
standing the reasons there were to 
discredit him, he made his way to the 
highest favour. Though Elizabeth^re* 
fused him an audience on his firaft 
arrival (Lincard, viii. 386), hie ob^ 

tained ono at lis depwture for Frimoet 



HmvjsVj—GtaXot'i Bittmy t^Cimlimiint, 



^ . )K4); but bero again, oa &t 
ottteet of Du career, his adruittwei 
« spoiled b^ lus vices ; for, "liy 
■dapUng tortuous courses,' he injured 
•ad fiiuUy ruiued liis credit with the 
ti*o goTonuncnti' of France and Eog- 
kwt (p. aSJ). ViUcTDj, SecretUT of 
State to Heury fV.. writmg to Chris- 
topbe de Barlav, Connt d* Beanmont, 
■mbnaador in iJogUnd, saji of Perez, 
•• Nerer did I *ee so much vanity and 
impradence, ucroiupanied by sti mudj 
OrcsuBptiMis in uiy person (p. 311, 
SI2). Wlio can wonder, then, ihat 
AoB^ be net out with fair weather, 
•nd with soffieienc sea-rooin, be was 
WTeckMt fisT wwrt of slLta^nianahip * 
A story is tolii of ihe lint Lord Mel- 
»iUe aaying lo u pmon, who hud de- 
KTTcd MHne rewud, but who shewed a 
want of tact iu hia mode of application 
Ibr it,*"/ (Mjourf jrrer you pnuUiwe." 
Unlbmmatply, if it were a comnnmica- 
ble qvality. those who moat need it 
would be leait inclined to receive it, 
•on acnnut of their KlT-sufficiency. 
H. SGgnet has sommcd up (be history 
of Perec in say'"'?' ''""> ''baring ar- 
rived at power too easily, he knew 
not bow to maintain his poiition" 



chMe our estracia from thia f olome : 

" la the detperate strife into which he 
was bnrkd bj hit eicessn and mitileeds, 
ba dltplajrcd rach lariotu intellectDnl re- 
tMseet, (hewed focb an energy of uhs- 
ractCTi was so oppressed, no eloquent, and 
aa yalbMic, tbl he becune the object of 
UM aWit gaaaraus derotion, uid obtained 
BarNnal ijupotby. Unforluoatilj, the 
MBK defect* which had mined bini in 
Spaia bttt him hia credit in Eogland jod 
in Fiaaee, ithere, erer the neie, he com- 
piiwa?iiJ e*m iu* diagrace, and died in 
f«r«rty *>d neglect," p. 3VU. 

Sucb wa« Autonio FerM. With 
aninent talents, with personal attrac- 
tiona, witb tbnt advoticenicnt civen to 
]iiaA wbidi uthera imus their lives in 
imiln'ngi be has lett behind him the 
liatte of a forger, an adulterer, and a 
KOrderer i nor is it any palliation to 
My, that ihtse charges real in an er|ual 
degree upon Hillip. At first aight 
AcK apiwan a defect in retribution, 
vlien we see these assaasins of Gsco- 
vedo surviving him for years, and then 
dymg in ihrar beds : but, on a deeper 
iMpMtiODt tlHtr CMM *fpwr peTfKliy 



IfiJ 

retributire. They lived in hatred and 
DMsttuotof each other. Ferez blasted 
Fbilip's character wherever he weati 
while the sword or the dagger of Philiji 
followed hard on every step of Peres. 
Miscreants, like cowainla, " die maaj 
times before their death," and reput^ 
tioni " our second life," is turned foi 
them into infiuny. 

Id laying down this work of M. 
Uignet's we may juitly aa^ tliat be 
bos successfully treated an important 
e[U9ode in Spani^ history, and placei) 
it on a basis not likely to be shakm. 
After reading Raoke we had some 
dbubis oQ the subject, but these paves 
have effectually dispelled ibem. The 
render rony consult ImhoTs "Re- 
cherclies Hii«tariquea et Geoealogiqnea 
des Grands d'E^tagne" (AmsIerdMo, 
1707, 12mo) tor (he fiuniliB* who ap- 
pear in this work ; but the ioG^rmalioii 
to be gleaned is chiefly genealogical.* 

Tlu Hutorg of Cieilaation, fnm fib 
Fait of llie Bantam Bmpirt to He 
fit»<bit«m of lUO. %V. Guiaot. 
Poxt 8w. Vol. I. pp. zxz. 490, 
THE lectures in which thia work is 
coatpriaed were ddivBrod by M. 
Guizot, in the years 182(i-30, at the 
Wd Sorbonne, now tlie Faculty of 
I.e(teTs, of Paris, on alternate days 
with M.M. Couiin and Villemam, 
The first portion of (hem, entitled 
" Civilization of Europe," was pub- 
lished m English some years bocli, I^ 
the late oiterpristtig Mr. Talboys of 
Oiford ; but the lectures on the " Ci- 
vilization at' France," whidi fbrin 
three-fourths of the entire Work, are 
now giren to the Euglisb public for 
the first time. T1ic."e circumstancea, 
for they ore too fortuitous to becaUed 
HD arrasKeiuent, have fiiUen out hap- 
pily ; as Uie lectures are partly known 
m tlus counti-y already, and therefoie 
many readers will be ^lad to poaseaa 
the remtunder, which n now brought 
within their reach. 

A writer in the Edinburgh Reinew 
line observed of Ihwe lectures, that 
" there is a consistency, a coherenoe, 
ft comprehensiveness, and what the 
Gcruuins would term monysidednesa, 
in the manuer of Bl, Gm70t'» fiilffl- 

* Our eopyof Imhorformerlf bcloa|«d 
to SoBihejr, whose library irsi rich in 
work* nlating to -Spain. 



I 



166 Btrai it Bode'ft TrweU in LuriHdm md ArciMm. [An;. 



meiit r/f hi« Uidc; thftt tnaniiSeiti Inm 
oiM! to whom the whole fubject is 
fiunjlkr,** Wfthoat wunhmg to detrBCt 
from thiji firaiie, we must j<rt obterre, 
tluit there U fKifnetuiieii a want of pro- 
norti'in ; awl the readier, if he w de- 
ugfaterl at haTing ursine 9ubject« pro- 
Ibundij treated, will regret to find 
othem more »lightl/ touched^ for 
whaterer IL Guizot treats tligfatJj, is 
so mueh Umm to the readier. That the 
cirilization of Frames should oocapj a 
Uurger space than that of Eumpe^ maj 
have Vieen owing to arrangements 
which place the subject out of the 
proTince of criticism. That French 
ctrilization, however, should have 
been made the standard, is a trait of 
national partiality, against which it 
were in Taui to protest. Nor arc we 
aware that we should like a writer the 
leas, for not endeavouring to elevate 
his country or his countrymen. In 
flome minor points, as for instance 
when speaking occasionally of our 
William III. the feeling appears to 
have operated to a degree that re- 
quires this excuse. 

But, quitting such topics, where wc 
feel ourselves treading on sharp flints, 
let us turn to one tnat is more re- 
mote, and on which ^L Guizot*s views 
are particularly luminous,— the Cru- 
sades. 

" Since the end of the seventh ceotory, 
Cbristiinity bad been stmggling against 
Mahommedanism : it had conquowd it in 
Enrope after being dangerously menaced ; 
It had succeeded in confining it to Spain. 
Thence also it still strove constantly to 
eipel it. The Crusades have been repre- 
sented as a kind of accident, unforeseen, 
unheard of, bom solely of the recitals of 
pilgrims on their return from Jerusalem, 
and of the preachings of Peter the Hermit. 
It was nothing ot the kind. The Crusades 
were the continuation, the zenith, of the 
grand struggle which had been going on 
for four centuries between Christianity 
and Mahommedanism. The theatre A 
this struggle had been hitherto in Europe, 
H was BOW transported into Asia .... 
Mahommedanism was established in Spain, 
and had there conquered and founded 
a kingdom and principalities. The 
Christians did thesame in Asia.*' — Europe, 
Laot. vili. pp. 151-2. 

As the portion which relates to ci- 
vilisation m France is lar^r, it is of 
^urse more diffuse, and citations are 
; made so ewily. W« give, how- 
7 



erer, a pmage on the btthtriAn iim« 
ifion of Gsnl by the Franks^ 

" The invadoB of the barbarians, there- 
fore, did not ia any way IdQ what pot- 
scHcd fife : at bottom, inteUaetaal acti- 
vity and Ubatf were in deeaj ; every 
tfamg leads ns to believe that taey would 
have stopped of theouelvei ; the barba- 
rians stopped them more rudely and 
sooner. That, I believe, is all that on be 
imputed to them.* — Frmiee, Lect* vi. 
p. 408. 

We lay down this work with the 
decided opinion, that it is a store of 
materials to exercise the reader's 
miml, and to induce habits of obeenra- 
Uon and combination in the study of 
history. An interesting memoir of 
M. Guizot is prefixed, but we should 
have preferred a simpler style of 
biography. 

TraveU in LurUtdn and ArabiMtdiu By 
the Baron de Bode. 2 wdi. 
Tins is a plain and {^easing narra- 
tive of an excursion miade by the en- 
terprising author when in Persia to the 
mountainous r^ons called Luristin, 
or the Land oi the Lurs, ATtonding 
from the Turkish boundary on the west, 
to the limits of Ispahan and Fars on 
the east. The inhabitants the author 
supposes to have sprung from an ori- 
ginal stock — the old^^iid The low 
country, lying to the south of the 
chain, t<^ther with the town ofShiister, 
&c. is denominated Khurist&n or Ara- 
bist&n. 

'< Sh(ister,'' says the author, << is greaUy 
fallen from its former importance. Ak^kM^ 
the winter capital of the ArsaddsB or Par- 
thian kings, is a heap of mlns. The 
plough is levelling the only remaining 
mounds which point to Jonde-Shapihr ; 
while Susi, the rival of Babylon andEeba- 
tana, the vernal residence of the King of 
Kings, hides its ancient ruins under thick 
grass and waving reeds. But, even prior 
to the dawn of profane history, before the 
sun of Ninevah and Babylon had risen in 
the East, Blam, as Scripture tells us, was 
already a nation; whilst in later days, 
under the name of Siymaii, the same 
country attracted towards its rich temples 
the cupidity of the Greek and Parthian 
conquerors. With a view of rescuing 
from oblivion this once classical ground, 
the author has endeavoured to draw aside 
a corner of the veil which still covers this 
mysterious region.*' 

Kqw ftU W^ Q^ 49 iff to enum^rst^ the 



1846.] B&ron de Boden TraveU in Luruldn and Arabistdn. 169 



more memorable tiKa ol' uncleiit cities 
and dilapidaKd moBUmeuIii of outi- 

Suit;, wbich the auUior nienlioiis as 
lej occur. The first is "The supposed 
Tomb ofCvTus" and the" Takhte Soli- 
nun," or llirane of the aucieot kins" of 
Penia, where they used to sit in public, 
near Musuab. The tomb of Cyrus, 
however, Uie author found impossible 
to ent«r, for it it supposed bj the oa- 
tJTes to contain the remains of the 
MoUur qf King Soliman, hence its 
name — Mnhe^-Madre-Saliman, and 
no man is allowed to enter the interior 
of the tepulchre; though Sir R. K. 
Porter had found means to persitade 
Ibe two old woDien who were then its 
guardians to let him into the shrine 
<FiA Travels, i. 300). The next object 
was the ruins of L<Iakhr or Persepolis 
(p. 1 63 ), of whidi Hieron says, " They 
ar« the uobleatuionument^of the most 
nourishing era of the empire which has 
survived the lapse of ages. Pillars 
which belong to no known order of 
architecture; inscriptiona in an alpha- 
bet which continues an enigma; fabu- 
lotu Miiiiiidi which stand as guards at 
the mtrance; the multiplicity of al* 
le^orical fignrcs which decorate the 
walls, — all conspire to carry us hack to 
»ges uf the most remote antiquilj, 
over which the traditions of Uie East 
shed a doubtful lighu" Of the gardens 
of Sbinu. so famous in poetry, it la 
aiiid (p. 176)— 

"The seaion of the jearwa! notfavour- 
ible for thnr inipection, sllbongh the 
weather wai partiiralu-ly fine i but with a 
little imagination I coald take for graoted 
all that the natirea had wrillea in praise 
of tbeie IdtcIj abodei of the nigbiingnte. 
I readily indeed allow that in apring these 
gardens mnxt be beaatiTul. Tbe pare 
brilUsscT of the FersisB sky.lhe brigbtneai 
■nd trauparency of its verdnre, the deli- 
cious odoan (hat are waded IhrODgfa tbe 
air from tbe frovet of fruit trees, rich in 
tbeir Temal blossoma, aail tbe rippling 
aonnda of tba crystal cucadei, moat en- 
rapture tbe semes and steal away tbe hearti 
ofallsnehasareiiuceptibleor the chnrma 
of nature ; and Ibe beauty of these little 
oaiM ii enbanced by the aridity of the 
racks and plains that Burrannd them.'' 

We most not however always asso- 
ciate summer beauty with the Shiraz 

"On 18th Jan. I84t, Ilpft Shiru be- 
fore aoDriae. Tbe mamini was eicct- 
GuT. Uaa. Vol. XXVL 



sJTcly cold. Tbe snow, wbich bad fallea 
tbe day before, and had been Bwejit off the 
terraced roofs of the houses, wjs heaped 
up in theBtrectaind retarded our progresa. 
Tbe wind bUw from tbe nortb-easl. and, 
emerging out of tbe city gate, I fouod the 

pW" 



f Shirax, which tl 

: to tbe gardeoof Puradijic, bearing 

□ the Sibemu Itindra 



inlbe depth of w 

We next come to the bas-reliefs in 
the valley of Shapiir, which are sup- 
posed to represent the triumph of 
Shapiir I. over the emperor Valerian, 
at rklessa ; a plate of it is ^ven in 
SirW.Ousclej'sTnivclB,i.p.279. The 
present author, however, thinks the 
vanquished monarch appears rather too 
young a man for Valerian, who was 
about 70 years old. We have next the 
curious bas-reliefs and inscriptions in 
thevaIleyofTengiSaulik.(8Sl.) Both 
the inscriptions and characters seem 
invoIvedmgTeatun<;ertainly,asmay bo 
seen bywhat the author and hii friend 
M. E. Bor^ write on the subject, (p. 
359, &c.) The readers of Vathek 
may be told that this is the valley 
where the Caliph Vathek, in his jour- 
ney from Sumarrah to Islakhr, first 
saw aud became enamoured of his dear 
Nonronihar. We nex^ come to the 
magnificent causeway over the Bakh- 
tivan mountains, (vol. ii. 9,) called 
TiiJE&Ai-Atabeg. The author says : — 

" The grand scale on which the cauaea- 
way before na was planued and executed 
miglitnellhaniuinizeirilb tbe great ahadnws 
that the Ardashies and Sh>p6rs caat he- 
Tore Iheni, and serve is a counterpart to 
the mawve granite dykes atShtiBter, wbich 
made a Malcolm eiclaim with joy that he 
bed foand at last one monament of ancient 
Fereis which had for its object public 

This causeway is more fully de- 
scribed in the seventeenth chapter. In 
the caves of Shikofd-Salmilr, by the 
plain of Mil Am(r,are some curious an- 
tique sculptures, of which a plate is 
given (p. 31): but like other Persian 
bas-reliefs the mbject seems almost to 
dcly conjecture- (See p. 26.) It was in 
thcM mountains that the Zeod race 
were settled from time immemorial, be- 
fore the country was overrun by Arab 
and Tatar hordes. An interesting 
account of Shiister will be found (p. 
1 49, &c.) and a story of an Englishman 
(Inglis) detrtroying the sugar canes is 



J 



170 Review.^ — lUxdji Palace of PamiiOMy. C^V- 



worth radiDg (p. 154), and an enter- the art of oon^KMitioii, boCk as regards 

taming aceonnt of the Sabi, or Chris- dearaesa of canstractioB and eorreei- 

tians ^ Sc John, (171, ftc.) and the new of metre. The best thii^ we 

canse of thdr arenion to the coloor of think he coold do, would be to ad^ a 

Umt. At p. 188 we find a fJate and friend, in whoae taste and jndemeni 

description of the tomb of the Prophet he relief to go carefoUj throo^ tiie 

Daniel at Sas4. whole poem, markinj^ enoi 

Thb t^or consisted ^ about 1200 he objecU to, and giring the 

English miles, performed in 67 dajs, Ex. gr. p. A — 

and no can denj that the route was ««ABdjetkisbcarii 

well chosen and full of interest. At •tood ki|;lwr. 

the Old of the second Tolnme are jhe construction requires «lfcrf no 

two dissertations by the author on .^^ ^^od h^her,"— whj is »m joott* 

the March of Timor from Shuster Introduced ?—•* stood higher,^ does 

to Kakd-Sepid, and on the probable this mean stood higherin his ant 

omrsc pursued by Alexander from eritew / if so. it shouW be so expressed ; 

Sus4 to Po-sepobs. The latter should y^^ ih^ ^y^^ line b flat and bad. 

be read with the attention demanded A line or two before— 

by Its careful examination of the an- „ , . .. ._ ^ _, , . , „ 

/ . «. . 1 .^1 ^^ And Mercury Uke to as Kkweed he rDrnd.** 

cient historians, and comparison with ' " 

the present sites and towns, and the We suppose, **like to Mercury;** but 

natural features of the country. why not say so at oncef 

THE author says, '^that the pe- What does this mean— "that tw 

nodical press has favourably noticed ^^^e recourse to no wdfnl outbreak r 

his former productions, which has As it is, it is without grammar and 

emboldened nim to venture a second nieanmg. 

time, under the hope of deservii^ a like Again, p. 8. 

approbation.** Now, we will give him « ^^^d yet withal a page-Uke look and air 

good and honedt advice, which is — ^not ghewed fincefiilly, *iieath plamed cap did 
to estimate the worth of his own poetry 



by the opinions of the periodical press, One cannot say, ** he loore a page-like 

which are of little value, often in- look and air.** 

terested, often capricious, often ig- p iq 

norant. Let him take a better and ^^' ' . ^^,, , . _^ , . 

safer criterion, by which he himself ^'Ji?°ih^l*H'?r^ "^' ^ '** 

may judge them — the works of our -_., . , ^ . . . 

ffr«it poets of established fame. Nor What is last dumb f 

let him think that we are swayed by P. 11. 

any unworthy motives or unkind feel- « with fair meUUm maids, made an JremdUm 

ings, if we tell him, as we do, that he scene." 

has much to learn, and a severe How can maids in Sicily, make a 

servitude to undergo before be can scene in Arcadia? What would be 

satisfy the demands which the Muses thought of 

will make on those who enter into ..y^^,, ^^ jf^oiam maids, who made an 

their service. Emmence m art must BngtUk scene." 

be the result of a life of labour. Who pis 

can start up at once, by the force of 

native genius, a finished sculptor or "That l«^to» for yclept Mount HeUcon." 

painter F Why, then, is the meed of We suppose region is meant. 

poetry to be more ch«iply earned? p. jg. « Thalian sock.** The second 

Poetical genius may ^ yven by syllable in Thalia is long. 

nature, or rather the seeds of poetical p , q 

genius: all else must be achieved by "' ^^* 

unremitted toil and anxious thought, " ^^^ *^* ®^ Merculanean hidden found." 

and da^s ^d nights of studj and We presume Herculanetim was meant. 

meditation. Mr. Hardy fails m the «« ^rUl Fiction's idttU dream staits into 

artiiiioal br.inch, or, in other words, in ' life auew." 



19460 



w— 7^^ Anuah of HurlUuhtti 



P. ao. 

"Tlul }( jnwUfli win hui{ on bii worda 

Tbiis line must altogetber lie cun- 
tiraed to tbe Sam^. 
_ But we roust break off, for our task 
is ungrateful to ourselveg, nn<1, we have 
nn doulit, diugrecHble U) the author, 
who prohablr thioks that we are 
eiivioiu, gpitettil critics, eager onlv to 
•eek aAer lUwa and specks on an olher- 
wJM perfect surface. We assure him 
liDiiestlj to the ccmtrarj. Wc tell him 
ftirlr, that he \i not unongst niBElera 
of English composition, cither in the 
nutni or in the metre. Let him rc- 
frv'n from writing, let him dlxmiss 
from bis thoughts the praisea of the 
periodical prea^ and devote his whole 
mind to the etudj of Spenser, DrTdeii, 
and Pope. It vaaj seem miAiml, but 
we are sure it is not umrite, lo lell him 
his whole poem abounds in everj page 
villi bleniishea like those vre have 
aoticed. We taj this not to make 
kim relinquish the practice of hiK art 
or dcMpair of success, but Wi induce 
^im to take the riebt path, and the 
only one which will not end in dis- 
■ppointmenL Among the modern 
wnient, we advise him to studj the 
poemsofMr-SomiielRogers, which are 
unexcelled for clearness of construe* 
lion, propriety of expression, and 
deliq^joflangu^e and thought; and 
hy cuntinuslly keeping his eje oalj 
on the best models^ he will gradually 
imbibe die spirit in which they are 
fimned, and wiU leara to reject and 
diillke the incorrectncu of inferior 

Tit Aiaai* of Hoi-ticuit'iTe ; a Year 
Book of iMf.irmatim. 
THE object nf this work is lo 
gire practical information founded on 
arieniific principles ; to enable a person 
to (elect planU proper for his ^irden, 
whether tueful or ornamental, whether 
for UMe or odour, and to cultivate 
them to the be^t advantage. As the 



moBI convenient wav of communicating 
this knowledu;e, the arrangement is 
Buulc in divisions accord in? to the 
month of the year. Most of uie plants 
and flowers ihat have been LBt«ly in- 
troduced, and to be commended for 



I7t 

their lieauty or uliliiy, are meutioned, 
as arc also the new varieties of well- 
known species, a.1 of the rhododendron, 
rose, fuchsia, &c. Aa far as our know- 
ledge extends, the work is, generally 
speaking, to be relied on for its ac- 
curacy, and mny be safely taken as a 
practieul guide and instructor; but 
we wish to inculcate on the writer of 
ihia, at on those of other works, that 
when they mention that such and such 
plants will bear the climate of our 
open borders or lawns, they should be 
sointwlmt more particular in snecify- 
inz to what part of England they 
allude. A writer would be said to lie 
much wanting in precision, if he were 
to say of a plant that it would bear 
tbe climate of Europe ; and really the 
language whith sjieaks of the climate 
of England, is scarci^ly lees vague and 
undetermined. But this matter is of 
much importoucG : moat scarce and 
curious and exotic plants are brought 
up in the neighbourhood of London, 
and procured from it. Now, fur 
common purposes it would perhaps 
be sufficient to divide England into 
three eones or Iatitudes,~the north, 
midland, and south-western; and it 
would be easy to add some mark or 
figure to the plants by which their 
relative suitableness for the climate 
might be at once ascertained, subject 
of course to Uveal exceptions, out 
which local exceptions, atYer some 
inquiry, could all lie known. As a 
general rule, we would not grow the 
magnolia grandiAora in Derbyshire, 
Staffordshire, &c. ; but, going a little to 
the west, these plants ore to be seen very 
fine in ^'orcestersbire. Again, Ihe 
same plant as a ^atidard cannot be 
said to succeed, except in the ci 
south of Londou, or rather south -w 



that even that soft andsoutlierncUmale 
is not so favourable to them as the 
south of Devonshire. Elevation also, 
as well as latitude, should be attended 
to, as may be seen in the mrdens of 
Ili^-Clerc. However, we do not wish 
to intrude more observations of this 
nature in this place, and shall only 
further remark, that if an observing 
and scientiiic gardener took a tour 
through England and Scotland, noting 



RtviKW.—Avrh,eohgia. V„l. XXXt. Part If. [AoJ 



172 

down both the pluiU knil the degree 
uf huHltk Hnil growth the}* attain, and 
power or rtoweriug in the vnriuua 
conntiei nnd localilie* of (Jie country, 
hi! mitfht, in publiibing the reault of 
hi* utMervationi, produce b work of 
^ai vuliie in little ilxe. Among the 
vnluable arl'irles in this volume wc 
mnr be permitted to point oi 

V. 67. Tlie Review of " 
Veffet*ble Physiology ; « 

It of the Vitatity of Seuils. 



rfe 



p. 109, &c. On tlie Spikenard of 
Scripture. 

P. 140. On the Eilible Fungi of 
Australia. 

P. 158. On the Cultivation of the 

P&U! 



P. IHO. On WMte-Iiind Plunli. 



L.ng. 



Sloii 



nd Fri 



P. 217. Review of Jones's Natural 
ili«tory of Animals. 

P. 230, &c. On the Cultivation of 

P. 372. On Chnngo of Ilerbiige on 
Pitting Mom (a very curious siibjei't). 

P. 407. On the Cowslip anil Prim- 
rose, aj species or varieties. 

P. S3G. On Dr. Lindlcj's waUr 
txperimenU on PlantH. 

Theie, among others, are all subjects 
recommended ty their curiosity and 
tmport*nce, and arc ably treated ; but 
the very copious index attached to the 
volume will be of more service than 
anything we can effect by our eaiual 
observations, and theretbre we take 
our leave of a volume that has much 
gratilied us by the variety and ex- 
cellence of its materials, nnd that we 
can safely recommend to all our readers 
who are fortunate enough either to 
hnve gardens in the country or glaM- 
cases in London ; for the fientcnce of 
the observing old poet is still true, 
Nilurun sipcllu furd titnca uiqucrecarrft. 

Arcbaaidgia, or Mi»etUaaemt» Troiii 

relating ta Antiqaily, publinhed by the 

Socitlti of Antiqauriei of London, 

Vol. XXXr. pm'l 11. ito. 

THE concluding portion of the 

thirty-first volume of the Arobn-ologia 

having been laid on the table of the 

Society auconling to custom, on their 

anniversary meeting on St. George's 

Day, wu ai-e enabled to resume our 



Aay>itnl of n Silinpial In- 
takenfrom a nut lU St- Mark, 
!. By T. J. Peltigrew. En/. 
F.R.S. F.S.A. 

This inscriptjon is written in two 
characters, the arrow -beaded, or Perse- 
politan, and the Egyptian hierogtyp 



in (Jie treasury of St. Mark, at Venice. 
The inscription gives the name of 
Artaxerzes, phonetically read Ard- 
kho-scha. It is of considerable im- 
portanuu, for it not only furnishes a 
key 10 tlie arrow -headed churactur, 
but it demonstrates the connexion 
between Egypt and its Persian con- 
querors. 

14. On lome Roman Vettigiit 
foHiul at Kirkby Tkore, in Wetlmorr' 
land: IN a Utter from Capt. W. H. 
Smyth, R.N. j-c. 

This is a very scientific and in- 
structive emiay , cm bracing wnne airiou s 
notii^ca of the mixed metals employcl 
by the Romans in the manufacture of 
their tools, weapons, and personal 



" KirkbjThore is eligibly litnaled neir 
the Jnoction of the river Eden (lluni of 
Ptolemy) sdiI the Trombcck ; il ii held to 
hive derived its name fram ■ temple de- 
dicaled toTlior. CimdeD sapposes it to 
bs the sDcieDE Gsllnpim ; but Horsley 
shows good cBQie for believiag it to hive 
been BroTonics. Tbe Roman stition on- 
cupiEd an etevition called ibe Burvent. ■ 
spot niur the Eden, and on the north 
bank of the Troutbeck, a pott which, on 
Bxamliiatloo, alfordi eiidencc of the ugi- 
city of the Raman nhoice, since it fully 
oomminded ■ trujcoliu, or ferry, st this 
imiiorlsnt point. An inclosed spot about 
500 feet aqaare seems to have been llie 
pnetorlam or dtsilel." 

Adjacent to this was a meia, or 
small vilhigc, fur the camp followers: 
here many relicA of altars, pavcinenla, 

inscriptions, mill Btones, Saminn ves- 
sels, &c. hare been found. On re- 
moving the Ibundntions of the olil 
bridge at Kirkby Thore, in order to 

markable articles were found fttmly 
imbedded in the mass of concrete 
oomponngthe ancient structure : coiII^ 



1846.] Review.— ^,Tft«-o/oy. 

idolH, iuiplemenls, fibuin, aaiuleLi, 
ringi, brooches, were obta'iDcd iu aur- 
prising qaantitica. Of the cuing, the 
most remarkable were those of Hadrian 
and Antoninus Pius. Of the penatea 
and personal ornaments, some spe- 
dnens arc enerareil. One is an 
enameOed brooch, being a rude re- 
prcaentalion of a G(^re on horseback. 



Vol. XXXI. Pari //. 



173 




Captain Smyth reconls the result of 
■ome experiments made in the la- 
bontlorj of the Museum of Economic 
G«oloKT, on the mixed mi.-t«l of which 
these KoDUn omamente are formed ; 
the result aMwwrti to be that tbey are 
coinpoccd of^Fopi>er and xinc. with a 
muul quantity of lin, and there were 
traces, perhaps accideotai, of antimony 
and manganese. We remember that the 
attcient mirrors found in the Dcveril 
Street burial ground, near the New 
Kent Itoad, one of which is represented 
in the Archteolt^lo," and was pre- 
wnted to the British Sfuscum, when 
fractured, hod the white and brilliant 
hue of aatimonv. Anuient bronze, it 
n saiil, never consisted of pure red 
copper, but slwaje ailmitled an alloj 
of upwards of I'J per cent, of tin into 
Its coDiposltion. The celts of the 
Brilona were of bronze, and it is 



of ancient weapons of bra^s than 
weapon* of iron: it aoems desirable to 
Bscerlain the period when iron weapons 
were introduced into use b; the Ao> 
man armies, a point not ret decided 
with archraological precision. The 
rise and progress of the armourer's 
craft is susceptible of much learned 
illustrauon, on which the evidence of 
classic writers and the eircnmstances 
(if tangible remiiina must be brought 
to bear ; for there was a lime — 
" Necdum etiam sudiersnt inflari clauica, 

Impositot durit eiepitare IncudibiM enKs." 
Virf. Gtorg. lib. iL t. MO. 

15. Somt Obtrvatioru an the Whits 
Home of SerlitAire. By Wm. J. 
Thorns, Eiq. 

The earl T existence of this remarkn- 
i>\<i memorial on the Berkshire downs 
is prureil b^ the cartularies of the 
abbe; of Abingdon, which shew Hint 
it was a well-known object shortly 
afW the Nonnan Connocst ; and the 
fur conclusion is, thai its antiquit; is 
far bejond an; written records which 
incidental!; mention it. One entr; i» 
of the time of Richard I. in these 
tenns, " Prope montem uhi ad Album 
Squim scanditiir ecclesia ista mane- 
riuin Oflertun appellatura in dominio 
possidet," &e. Fhe other entry is of 
tbe period of lienr; II. and relers to 
" Spersholt Joxta locum qui vulgo 
mota albi eqai nuncupatur, mention- 
ing Aldelm, who was abbot of Alnng- 
don from a.D. 1073 to 1084. So that 
the existence of this monument as of 
familiar note ma; be carried up to the 
eleventh ccnturv. Mr. Wi>«, in a 
letter to Dr. Mpud, maintains the 
o|)inion that the While Uorse is a 
memorial b; West Saxons of a great 



facturing metals before the Roman in- 
vasion. Captain Sm;th observes, that 
the •'aurra fall" with which Hin; 
aajs the Druids cut the misletoe, should 
be read the "terea falx," — a ver; in- 
genious sn^esiion. 

The paper of Captain Srovth is re- 
plete with hints wMlh; of the highest 
attention ; everj pracUcal antjquar; 
will bear tesUmonr to the more 
plentiful exislenee tn the earl; ages 



' Vol.« 



i. p. 112. 



Chronicle under that ;ear: but Mr. 
Thorns seems disposed to ascribe to 
it a religious origin, and to believe 
that it represents one of those sacred 
horses to which the Celtic, German, 
and Sclavonic tribes paid idolatrous 
reverence. He finds in the barbarous 
delineation of the horse on the heights 
of the vale to which It gives name, a 
repetition of those rude representataons 
of the animal which our readers will 
remember so often appears on Britlsli 





i length of this niili; 
inciiion on the award ia 325 feut. 
The edilori of a toptiKrftphipal work 
publiibed in the inKldle of the taal 
ceoturj, now of some rarity, deacribe 
this memorial as ou a bign hill just 
beneath Uffington Castle, formed on 
the B(«epeat part facini; the north- 
west : ita diineDsiona extended orcr nn 
acre of ground; " ita head,neck, Ixxlv, 
and tail consiat of one white line, as 
docs alao eath of its four legs ; thb 
was performed by cutting a trench in 
the chalk of the depth of two or throe 
feet, and about ten teet in brendtii. llie 
chalk of the trench beuig of u brighter 
colour than the turf which aurrounda 






it, the rays of the mid-day aun d 
Ing therenn, render the whole figurt 
sible at more thnn twelve mijea' 



dis- 



Doubtleas our readers will recall to 
recollection our notice of the huge 
figure cut in the chalk downs nenr 
Cerne, in Dorsetshire, and will re- 
cc^iu in these rapresf nlations a verj 
renuLricublecualomoftheCelticnations, 
in forming, bj verjf aimiile menns, 
colossal images of their idola-t 

16. Letter upon »nmt Karli/ Re- 
maija diacorerea in Ynrhehirc. Bi/ J. 

* Description of England and Wolei, 
p. 71.tol.i. LonJon, I7S9. 

f Sre Reriew of Sydinhnrn's Baal 
Durotrigensis In .Gent. Mag. for April 
1843, p. 391. 



^t. N. CoUa, E»q. tn » letter to Edwanl 
HaiUloM, Eiq. 

Evidence is afforded both bj the 
name and the structure of these re- 
mains which verj cooclusivelj points 
at their British origin. 

" The whole range of mountain from 
Itkley and Otic; on the north, to BailJon 
and Biaglpf na the south, has eiideotl; 
Tortned ■ coolinued wild tract for a length 
of auven miles north and south, which, 
long Bubaequrnt to the British Kri, ob- 
tnioedtbeappeilation of Romald'8 or Rom- 
bald's Moor, Trum the ; 
proprietor." 

On the south is Baildon Common, 
which the antiquiiry will not hesitate 
tn rend Bnal-dunum, the hill of Baal ; 
for although Bel-tan, fur Bael Tan, 
the fire of Baal, obviuusly enough baa 
been suggested, we think the termi- 
nation ^in too decidedly marked to 
admit of hesitation which of the deri- 
vationH we should choose. Numerous 
vestiges of earth-works, nt distances 
varying from 50 to 80 yania apart, 
intersect Baildon Common in parallel 
direction drawn from north to south. 
If these were constructed by the Bu- 
gantian tribes, they demonstrate that 
multiplied lines of defence were a 
principle of Ctltic tactics. Rudely 
formed urns, arrow and spear heads of 
flint, and circles of stones, afford fur- 
ther evidence that thcae vestiges mark 
nccupafjon by the earliest inliabitants 
of the northern district. 



L p*nUelo|piuD m&de of a iheet of lead. 
I S feet ti inches in length, bent up- 



1846.] Revizv^Arche^loffia, Vol XXXI. Part II. 175 

17. Xiitice of a Leaden Coffin of antique glaiu, described id the folluw- 
tor^ fabric, dUooeered at Boa<. By ing termi: 

" A splcnJiil veuel of (jmber-coloured 
glut ia unoDg the Tuts from Llllington i 
■uotbcr of green gUsa, moit elcgsntlf 
fanned, ha> the handle ipriDging from the 
heulDfadlrioity." 

Abo little ressela with pointed bot* 
toiuH, deacribod as of the Ikchrymaloir 

kind, and aa having coutaiu»I odori- 

f the lid in the ireUiS'Work feroua baUuuis, kneaded and com- 

1 the centre in a kind of [loundcd with the tears of niourniiig 

nt (omewhat reittuibling the relativea. We have heard wnie doubts 

nkej pattern common on Roman expressed a» W tie correctness of tlui 

I pavements. It is very observable that last assertion ; but Mr, Harconrt has 

the sepnlchral cheats conlaiaing the dittinctlj shewn on whut nuthority it 

bones of Earl Warren and Gundred, t^t*. quoting Montfaucou, who tijlli 

' lately ^scovered at Lewes, were de- ■" ^t the Romans placed little phiaLi 

coratedwith a cordlike pattern ai mi- of glassorbakedeurthintheircinerai-T 

UrW disposed (see p. 434 of this vol.) ; nrn«, and that thej mingled tears wiin 

and llie reviewer has elsewhere ob- the rich unguents the; contained. An 

served that thut ornament was derived inscription cited bj the same author 

from the Roman practice.* The author has been_ noticed bothbj^ Mr. Kempe 

adds some remarks on what he '" * 

ihv " arnamtntalioa " of ancient 



the word is ucwlv minted, and sounds 
•ouewhal harshly to the car : if it 
shontd ever para as current, it must be 
utt (he plea that terms of similar con- 
struction have been admitted into our 
national vocabulary. The best Eng- 
lish proK writers, as Addison and 
' Swift, are remarkable, however, for 
admitting as little l«timtj as possible 
into their style. We s|>cak of a pig- 
mmti but no writer would venture to 
observe that a picture was executed 
with briUiancy oi pigmenbiikin ! 

Letter fr, 



and Air. Ilarcourt in their cssayii r 
spectively ; "Fusca mater ud luctum 
et gemirum relicta cum lacrymis et 
opobalaonio udum," &c. ; on which 
Monttiiucon observes that tears and 
perfumes were donblless conUiincd iu 
some lachrymatorj vesseL Theallusioa 
of the Psalmist, " Put my Wars into 
thy bottle," has alwavs appeared to u 



1 refer to an established custom ; 
that, after all, the evidence seems to 
shew that the term lackrymaUiriet^ as 
applied to the small glass phials and 
earthen vessels found m tombs, is not 
used without good presumptive evi- 
ilence. The term lachryrnaiorhim is not 
however, we believe, to be found in 
Vernon Ilarcourt, describhig Menrral unvdassicalauthority.andigtabricated 
Vtud* of glam, and rartheHimrc, and by' writers of Boman antiquities of the 
OmamnU, iHtcoeered near Chilgrove, 17ih centurv. 

in StuMi. Jlr, Harcourt appears to incline to 

The utility of as.'utciations to illns- the opinion that the glass found in 
Irate particular lirunches of literature tombs in Itritnin is chiefly of British 
or (oence is demonstrated by the essays manufacture. The bronze ornaments 
cumiminicated to the Society of Anti- which were discovered at Chilgrove 
quariei' Archieologia. In the 26lh he considers to be decidedly such, m 
vol. of that work, p. 3T0, we observe they were composed of aliont two- 
B eommunicatiou by Mr. Kempe, in thirds copper and one-third tin, both 



which he speaks of a collection of se- 
pulchral TCMels found in the year 
1821 in a Roman nsb^um at Litline- 
lou. near Koyston. Auiong these vessela 
were several remarkable s|>ecimens of 



* Gent. Ms{. psinni. 



which metals were the chief mineral 
products of the island. Ailcr all, we 
must consider that it is almost im- 
possible to draw any definite conclu- 
sions as to the manulacture of instru- 
ments and vessels found in this country 
from the proportions of their com- 
ponent parts. Wc arc e-^presely told 



j,EW.-Arthaohgia, V„l. XXXI. Part 11. [Aug. 



176 

by riiny thai tin w»s a aeixteiay in- 
sredieot for the prepamtion of brass ; 
Ke prescribes r2i lbs. to every hundred 

Kund weight of melted ore, which 
, lomewhnt indefinitely to the com- 
prchenaion of modem readers, t*3"m» 
eadmia.* 

Plinj also douribe* st considerable 
lenj^h the modes of mauufnctiiring 
glass. «nd points out the countries in 
which it wi»a well known,— as Itftlv, 
France, and Spain; nor is it probable 
that the Romano- Britons, of whose 
potteries in our island ao loany ves- 
tiges are to be tbund, were altogether 
ignorant of the maaufocturo of glass. 
Pliny speaks of the engraving and 
embossing glass in the same manner 
M plate or goldsmitlis' work is ohasod : 
the Portland vase remarkably con- 
firms hii assertion. He 



transparent glass ; black glass re- 
sembling obsidian, semi-transparent 
kIms, reflecting various colours tike 
the opal, is alao indicated. We are 
there A>re, we think, very naturally led 
to the conclusion that the Romanswho 
communicated to the Britons the brick- 
makers' and the potters' art, also in- 
structed them in the mode of manu- 
facturing glass ; and that there was no 
scarcity of glass vensels in this island, 
the vessels found at the Bartlow Hills, 
Litlington, Rougham, Chilgrove, Sic. 
nbundantlj testify- Mr. Harcourt 
thinks that the relics at Chilgrove 
Airnish evidence that they were de- 
posit«d by Itonuui Christians residing 
near the spot ; and he shews that the 
prcsenec of certain small vessels in the 
graves of the defunct, which are often 
also found deposited with cinerary 
urns, affords no conclusion that the 
bodies were inturrcd with heathen riles. 
It is well known that the bodies of 
primitive Christians in the catacombs 
at Kome have been deposited with 
umilar accompaniments, — nay, that tlie 
dedioatory letters D.M. (Diis Manibus) 
and the representation of the sacred 
iry-leaf, is not wanting on manv of 
them associated with the sjmibols of 
the cross. So tenacioos arc the laws 
of custom I 

19. L»Bcr from Thomas Lott, «*§. 
F.S.A. dacribing tome rermunt of An- 
citnt Bmldiagt on the wett ncis qfBou 
Churcliyani. 




20. Oburiialiiitu on aportiiiB nf tkt 
Cri/pt of St. Sle^en'i CAo;*ei, ' ' 
miraler. By T. Grissell, rtq. 

The first paper minutely describe* t I 
crypt or vaulted chamber, which «aist* 1 
under some houses on the west side ct I 
Bow Church. Mr. Loti does not Tao»J 
ture decidedly to designate the build- 1 
ing to which this suhlerranean relio 1 
belonged; wethink,however,tIiat UiV'J 
Chaflers is right in considering it W b«« 
the lower part of the sild or standii^'l 
which was erected in the reign of G^l 
ward UIt concerning which we insert* 
in this place an extract from Slowed J 
London, edit. 1618. '1 

"In the raigne of Edward the MB 
divers justings were made in this slretA I 
betwixt Soper's Lane and the grCM.I 
crosse, namely, one in the ye«r 189^ I 
about the 21st of September, as I Bh I 
noted by divem writers of that tim^ I 
In the middle of the city of London, I 
sny they, in a strete called Cheane, titl* f 
Htone pavement being uoverea wil 
sand, that the horses mi^ht not sliil 
when they strongly set their feete U. 
ground, the King held a toun — 
riiree daiea together, with the ni 
valiant men of the raalme, and c 
some strange knights. And to thi 
tiie beholders might with the betH^ I 
ease see the same, there was a woodea J 
BcaJfold erected crosse the sirocte Ilk* 1 
unto ft tower, wherein Queen Phtlto I 
and many other ladies, richly attiroat I 
and as«enible<l from ul parts of tM 1 
realmc, did stand before the postet) 1 
but the higher frame in which tibt| 
ladies were placed brake in sund 
whereby they were, with some shoi 
forced to fall down, by reason wher , 
the knights and such as were nndo> I 
neath were grievously hurt ; whorefan.J 
the Queen took great care to si— 
the carpenters from punishment, ■ 
through her prayers (which she mad 
upon her knees) pacified the ting Si'" 
counoil, and thereby purchased gr 
love of the jieople. After which ti — 
the Kine caused a shed to be strongly 1 
made ofatono fbr himselfe, the Queen^ J 
aad other states to stand on, and (hen I 
to liehold the justings andotlier show! j 
at their pleasure, by ihe church of St> I 
Mary le Bow, an is shewed in Cord- M 
wainers' street* ward. Thus much flp 
tlie High street in Cheap."t 

f Stowe's Surrey of London, p. iSi, | 



1846.] 



Miscellantout Jtmuws. 



177 



Whetliui' llie aUuiilanl iu Cheap, in 
wtiicli there vaa a coaduif, were in any 
w»y identical with the queen's ahed or 
gtwtduie above mentioned, must be left 
&T stiMrents of the ancient topography 
of the rity to decide. La the centre of 
the floor of the building, deacribed by 
Mr. Lett, there were indications of a 
cistern or bath. The term "stundard" 
may, we think, be defined a standing 
idaoe lor viewing public diversions ; 
jDst iudeeil »s the building t«mied it 
Btitnd is erected on a race-conrse. 

Mr. Grbaell's rotes, which we class 
with Mr. Lett's commanication, refer 
h> some diecoveries in the crypt of St. 
Stephen's chapel, Westminster, which 
most of our antiquarian readers will 
retneiiibcr formed the dining-room of 
the Spraker of the House of Coiouods, 
a mo«t truly elesant specimen of the 
aroliitectiire of the early port of the 
I4th oentury. Under the original floor 
of lliis spiulment an ancient burial 



plnoewas discovered, with the r um aim 
of several ijkeletons. We need not point 
out that it was a common practice tu de- 
vote the crypts of ecclesiastical build- 
ing to sepulchral purposes. The ar- 
chitectural remains of ancient London 
and Westminster are yielding by de- 
grees to the innovatine hand of modem 
construction. The antiquary must now 
seek for such relics m crypts and 
vaulted chambers, whose obscure sites 
have for ages been their best protec- 
tion ; such, for example, are Gerard's 
Hall, the Hermitage m the Wall, the 
Korman building under Bow Church, 
&c. &c. Still lower, on a level with 
the sewers of the Great Metropolis, 
will he find the long foi^tteu and 
concealed relics of Londinium Augusta, 
now traversed by the buildings ol later 
ages, which have well nigh effaced all 
traces of the extent and direction of 
the Roman streets. 

(To te conlimi^J 



A PopuJor Hitlory qf RepllUt : on ici- 
taf (jfe priacip/rt. — A «eLl-ordvred iiitro- 
dnctioD to > clua of animals nhich, from 
an unhappy abhorrmco of man for lamc 
order* of Ihvni, have been too dightly 
kiMwn. or onfuily periecQted ; not only 
to OV' difgnin*, butj poaiibly, eVftn to 
oar hart, by the dbiurbance of ihB 
balutce of yovei among tbe 1ow«r uir- 
malt, which ma* be bed left to God's owa 



Alt Inlnductl'iit in Geography and Jt- 
Imumy, with Ikt me oflhi Gtobn. fly 
E. nd J. Brace.— This wprlt comes be- 
fora OS with the critic -revered badge, 
"Tenth editioii," on its (rout ; and there- 
fore He may be bold lo say, in its praise, 
■hat it la well condensed and arranged, 
and begins at what we tbiak tbe right end 
of it) sdence, — phyaical geography. 

Of course they must tie sinsU boles 
(bit we can fiad io our authors' coata, 
nhcrc the eyes of (he public have so loog 
billed to see tbem ; but *e make ao bold 
as to " rede'' that tbey "Cent" a very 
little imf in p. 184, where [he MUiiiaippi 
ia truulated as " Fathrr iif watrrt -. ' ' 
wbertat the Mtimuifpi a, in Cm. the 
{Mittott) gTMl (»Mp**) rivpr. Miitouj ia 
•Iso one dement of Aff»OHrJ; but the 
Crte for father is nottvte, which 1>, or is 
much tike, the name of the Oelatca. (See 
Howie's eicellent Cree Orammar). We 
think that Bab-tl-mandtb (p, \ii) 

Cbxt. Mac. Toi,. XSVL 



should bo translated the " Dangerous 

strait,'' rather than the " Strait (gate) of 
tesrsi" as the Arabic nuiHJei moans "dan- 
gerous," but not, as ^ as we know, leart. 

Tht Deritalion qftaoHj/ Claaictd Pru- 
ptr Ifamitfrom IHe Oatlie Lia^agt, or 
the CtUicofScoUatid. £p Thomas Strst- 
toD, M.D. Bdi*burgh.—UBs '. if some of 
the Celdc philologists proie any thing at 
all id etbuology, what is there that ^ey 
cannot prove ? If they find, tor example, 
that for a loath or letih the Greeks laid 
odiii^rt, the Romana, denlet, and tbe 
Germans, Itinlht; whiletbe Hindooi and 
Welsh c^ a tooth dant . it is idle fiir tlie 
ethnologist to tell them that those Dations 
may have come from a common itock, 
speaking a mother langnsge from which 
those of all of them may hate sprang, but 
now differ; for tbey will hate them all, 
Grceka, Romans, Tuscans, Germani, or 
Hindoo!, to be Celtic ; and would make 
us believe that tlioagh the Romans, fi>r 
example, bad corropted their Celtic u 
long since as Cicero's time, tbe Irish and 
Highlanders have not done so in tw<t 
tliousand years' additional wear. After 
the Etrusco- Celtic and Latino-Celtic the- 
ories we have met with, wc should never 
laugh at a Welsh pedigree ; nor wouder at 
being told that the so-called aproaaof our 
first parents have been transmitted to tha 
Scotch in tbeir^Arfiiejrt; that Abel piped 
'' pibroch of a Celtic dan ; and that 



4 



4 



David lowered himself in Mictud't ettj. 



M 



1T8 



JWPPPRCIWvWp ^W^VMPpa 



CAi*. 



bX dMdag the Hl^ilnd jfinf . 
Or. amttoB eomAutt§ Us '* inqvlrj iato 
tto putlr Cdtie orifia of the Gratia mhI 

' by Mch etymologwi at the fel- 



Adbasta, one of the OceemwWn, from 
DoiR, tpo/cr; Anaotkonixm, a tamnia 
▲ttka, from Catbaib, a /eacfi ; AxDmo- 
ICBDA, firom Doim, wefar ; Comstanti- 
VOPOLis; CoMH, Stad, baiU, a town 
^ ftet that Constantine made it hit 
capital going tor nothing). Nnruxus, 
tte godof the aea, Nep^tunui; To!nr, a 
ware. ORAcuLim ; Radh, tpeedk (not 
bma at, ar&), Pak, fine god of ahepherda, 
Ikew; Bo, a cow. Ptgmjii, a aamMMed 
Mtioa of dwaria ; Bbao, anuU; (and ao 
■olThM TkMmk9or T^mPiHsftomUvyful, 
the fist.) 

Sjpfeimmu qf Oniu9k PromneiMl Dim- 
lad, counted and anrtrnged bjf Uncle Jan 
T^venoodler with tome introductory rt- 
9mrk$ and a glouary, — Another welcome 
little contribation towards a '* Diction- 
arinm totlos Anglidtatis ; " containing 
some humorous compoiitions in Teutonic 
Cornish, with some collected English 
pieces on Cornish lubjects, and a few ipe- 
eimeas of the Celtic of Cornwall, which 
hrtadwd ita last (words) in the Tenerable 
tkowttr (fishwoman) Dolly Pentreath, in 
1T78. 

There are tome humorous touches in 
tte dialogue, on the once dreaded iuTasion 
of Enghmd bj the French, between Job 
Mmnoiar and his uncle /an TrudUi whom 
Job, in some trepidation, accosts with, 

"Loard! Unda Jan Trudle, dost a hire 

thenewa? 
Haw balike we shall atompey in ttmbreen 

shoes?'' 

Wbaraapon the Nestor of wrestlers 
■akes light of the threatened iuTaaion of 
tta ** stompen'* in 9mbot9; for, says he, 

'^Thof I*m laame in my click -hand, and 

blind pon one eye, 
Tst, by gambers I Jan Trudle would 

scoam to fight shy.'* 

Aady at aa eaniesft ol tiie bold stand he 
iWWBs to make j^re mri§ tl>bcts» adds, 

'^'Wlien the merchants wor sheppin the 

bearley, deet see, 
Ab4 we run'doir to Fkdsta, to nacic their 
^tfULueedings, [readings? 

Mil I mind tfte riat«aet-man, and his 
Hb > I caaTd out the hnbbar— so hard as 

tend, [blood 1 

Jtad€rkd»8tuidtoet,boyf, ft>r beaiter or 
ikidwihflialo the toadgen ded loady thdr 

J Mdt tta pirpoialHlg to dooik 'm 



Jab, howvfer, wMi ttM 
dIseratioB ia the beatpaft 
the apprehensiom that tiia 



that 



(aoMj), 

andaaoar 
la a dranc, where Ould Scnfeeht cf hi ew 

inelin'det. 
Might adau ale ct daws off, aftMor he wvd 

find et." 

The Morei Pkenomena of Giim€H§^ 
By Thomaa Carlyle, Btq, — How alull wa 
praiae an auAor who aeeuas to see nothing 
m God'a world to praiae ; and yet how 
shall we dare to impnie error to ana who 
aeema to know the origin, aitant and 
effecta of every error of arery bnndi of 
the Chriatian eharch ; n which ha teUana 
** men become good ChnrchoMin, good 
Befermcrav good Coreaanteni, goodlnefc- 
ariana, good EvangflJcala, hot not good 
Christiana'* ? The Papal church ia wrong, 
Mr. Cariyle tells us, *' hi her antedating 
of the kingdom to come, and her hy- 
pocrisy" (p. 86). The ReformatioB, 
'Mf it waa the graTe of one antichriat, waa 
also the cradle of another " (p. 98) \ and 
** Protestants hsTO lUlen to a kiwer con- 
dition than tliat of the ancient eataehn- 
men" (p. 103). The German ChrMana 
are wrong in the dereliction of tithe 
(p. 113) ; and the Kirk of Scotland ia 
wrong in keeping the Lord'a day ** fO iMd 
and «o little rapropriate ;*' and If Oie 
Anglican Church is to be saved, " her IM- 
ized anostles* successors must retreat into 
their due limita, to make way fbr apoatha 
themsdves ; " and aince apoatlea, to be 
apostles, must be sent of Ood, we con- 
clude that we can only wait till they come : 
so that the practical good we can get from 
Mr. Cariyle a book aeema to be much Bke 
that recdved by a sleeping man from one 
who wakes him at midnight to tell hfan it 
is dark, and he must lie still tfll dayn|ht. 

In speaking of the English nobility Bfr. 
Cariyle say a (p. 27), *' lliere are Ibw 
households to be found where the nunter 
so neglects, and by bad example corropta, 
his serrant, as in the west end of London; ** 
and yet tdla ua afterwards that there are 
*' two retpeets in which German noMUf 
are behind the Snglith.** Where then h 
true nobility to be found ? our readen wfU 
be readr to cry; but Mr. Cariyle has 
anawered the q[uestlen in p. 47» where we 
are told that the true nobUmn of the 
earth are the Jews. 



WUd Ftowere qf the Feor.-^An excel* 
lent little monthly mentor of the appeac* 
aaoe of those lordy aarth-bom childraaof 
Ood| our wild Bomuhb wd we wiUbiifir 



1M«0 



ZAt*ra¥i/ ttltd SamUijte IntdUgme*. 



tslrcidiiei it to tb* •(tcnlipil of neb of T^nrntpt, vhich bare b«M pobliilied in Oa 

OBttfdm u oAen Jvnrnal or the Royal AgricultvnISocietf. 

By beilgerowfJmsandhilloekBgreeii;" j-^^ Ri,btrlin on their Tr<neU. By 

■ad who. with a late of flowetj, wotjU Hn. TroUope. 3 toIs. — Mra. TroUope*! 

nnke their irm!k* lu good for their hetrtf iTor1i« ore liwaTS cicirr. tuA are alnift 

■■ duir health. A tree love of botiatcil writteg in a spirited and animated atfU. 

loqvicT, of which we iboold like to lee Th* present ii by no meaae aa exception 

■DOre io roril famitiea, ii very different lo the general ride. The book records 

fnioi that of competitiTe floriculture, u the adientures of a commercial family of 

wai ihovn by nn incideat that once beM moderate fortnne, who determine, vnl- 

oaraalrea. \ftrr n tnmmer walk in the garly Bpeaking. to migrate into foreign 



Mne of the 
oorpoetibi 
■tTViH, we 



> most wort^iy flOTicallnral neighbour, 
■no tenthla gardener to gather ut a few of 
Vi» cboicc blaomi. On opening oar tin 
to pot them into it, the anxious nnrae of 
pttirfOnnnu and ealeiolarlai, who had 



,t-of.the.' , 
le of their prettieit gen, in which Iheae people coatriTO ti 



tbeoiselies from their dettre to 
make a figure to which they have no right 
or pretension, are described in a letf 
happy manner, and with great droller^ 
and lETelioesi, but at the same time, the 
lortrait is of an exaggerated kiud and 



long put aside wild flowers with other spproacliea caricature, 



chijdiah things, cried with ■ 

" Why. good gtacioni ! tou have boidi 

•FWcfflKfe I" 

Cbnrton'* EngluA Conntg Aalendar. 
IStG.— This acceptable volume supplies i 
deaidoratoni which we have long felt, ani 
which we remember a former attempt 



tioDallj on the part of the aulhoreu ; the 
DbjHTt ia evidently to show up to public 
reprobation a certain claw of onr country- 
men, who, when traielliug on the conti- 
nent, expose themselve* to laughter and 
ridicule by the foolish and absurd at- 
tempts which they make to imitate the 

. _. . manneri of a sphere to which they do not 

npply, bat it was not repeated. It forms belong; and by the insolence of tbair 
Iha fled Book or " Court Kalendar " for manoeti, the impropriety and iodecoroin 
tha eosntry, pving lists of magistrates, of their conduct, anil the repieheosible 
eoBBty olBoers. and other local fUoc- means to which they frequently have re- 
tfanmiM. together with a variety ofstatis- course in order to suslain their assumed 
lical and topograjihical information, which, position, bring discredit upon their native 
if loeimte, nnnot fail to be naedil. We laod, aud create a prejudice in the mind* 
would recommend caution lo attain the of Toreigners agaiust ihe more esdmable 
orOiDirapby of proper names, having portion of their countrymen. Mrs.Trol- 
Mlio^ « mnltitude of small errors, the lope haa (letrated her task with cooaide- 
uparoBl effect of haitc or carelessness, r^le skill We conld wish, however, 
llw pnbUfatioD ii to he repealed yearly that she had handled hsr pencil with lea* 
in March. force ; in other words, that she lud drawn 

her oharaclara as leas fault; and criminaL 

HinU Id LandotBim on Tt»urt, She is too food of painting the darker aide 
Prieat, Btnli, l(c. By Banigh Almack, of human nature, rorgeitiiig that by doing 
l^»d AfOLl. Hfo. pp. to. — The argu- this too often she is teaching the younger 
meal* ooataioed in Ihi* pamphlet are portion of her readers a species of know- 
worthy of much attention, the writerbeing ledge, which the longer they are deprived 
endeotly a master of all the bearings of of the better it is for their moral welfare, 
those important topio on which be oSera The world in which they will haie to mis 
his advice. He is the author of the Report is unhappily but too apt to iaform then 
of the AgricBlture of Norfolk, snd of the of tbefoUy and criminaUty of tbeir fellow- 
prise eatav on the DrUl Hosbaadry of 



LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 

usivEBsiTV or oxFORii, trey, D.D, of King's college, Cambridge. 

Jwu 94. The Commemoration of was presented by the Regius Frohisor of 
Divinity, Dr. Uampdea, for the same 
d^ree. The Rev. Benjamin Webb, H.A. 
TriniCT college, Cambridge ; the Rer. 
John AkeoD Neale, M.A. Trtelty etilep. 



and benefactors took pli 
daj in the Sheldonian Theatre. There 
was no honorary degreed The bead-mas- 
Kr of Eton, the Rev. Edward C. Bi<r- 



i 



I8(r 



LUeraty and SdenHfie Intelligence. 



CAnjT/ 



Cambridge ; and the Rey. Stephen Tho- 
mai Hawtrey, M.A. Trinity college, 
Cambridge, were also presented ad 
etmdem. 

The Crewian oration was spoken by 
the Public Orator, Mr. Jacobson, who 
made a Tery happy allusion to Bishop 
Wilson, who was present, remarking on 
the singular incidnit that in that very 
room two Bishops of Calcutta had, on 
the same day (in 1803), recited prize 
compositions — namely. Bishop Wilson, 
an Essay on Common Sense ; and Bishop 
Heber his well-known poem of Pales- 
tine. 

The prize compositions were then re- 
cited by the several successful competitors 
—▼is. 

Latin Ver$e. — Phoenices, Nichonis tem- 
pore, Africc Oram circumnarigantes. 
Thomas Collett Sandars, scholar of 
BaUiol. 

Bngliih Enay, — Effects of the Conquest 
of Euffland by the Normans. Chichester 
Samud Fortescue, B.A., student of Christ 
Church. 

Latin Bitay, — Qusenam fherit mulie- 
rum apud yeteres Grsecos conditio. Gold- 
win Smith, B.A., demy of Magdalen. 

Englith Ver$e, — Settlers in Australia. 
George Osborne Morgan, commoner of 
Baniol. 



VNIVBESITT OP CAMBEID6E. 

June 12. A grace passed the Senate 
to accept the offer of Miss J. Caroline 
Bumey to transfer to the university the 
sum of 3,500/. reduced 3 per Cent, 
stock, for the purpose of instituting an 
annual prize, to be called the *' Bumey 
Prize,'* for the best essay on a subject to 
be set by the Vice-chancellor. This is 
done in pursuance of the wishes of the 
lady*s brother the late Mr. Richard Bur- 
ney« M.A. of Christ's college, (and cou- 
sin to the Archdeacon of Colchester,) who 
died on the 30th of November last. 

June 26, The three gold medals di- 
rected by Sir William Browne, Knt. M.D. 
to be given annually for the best Greek 
and Latin Epigrams, were adjudged as 
follows : — 

Greek 0<{e— Subject, " Corinthus,*' to 
Brooke Foss Westcott, of Trinity Col- 
lege. 

Latin Ode — Subject, " Hesperiae mala 
luctuosae," to James Camper Wright, of 
King's College, (Browne's Medallist, 
1845). 

Spiyranu'-Gretk Subject, '^Invitum 
qui servat, idem facit occidentia," — Latin 
subject, " Magnas inter opes inops," — to 
Augustus Arthur Vansittart, scholar of 
Trinity College. 



July 1. The annual prizei ghren by 
the Members of Parliament to two Bache- 
lors of Arts and two Under-graduatea, for 
dissertations in Latin prose, have been 
adjudged as follows : — 

Bachelor; John J. S. Perowne, Corpus 
Christi college ; Arthur M. Hoare, B.A. 
St. John's college. Subject — " In po- 
liticis rebus seque ac in physids nihU tarn 
firmum est cui non periculnm sit etiam 
ab invalido.'' 

Undergraduatee, Charles James Monk, 
Trinity college ; Augustus Arthur Van- 
sittart, Trinity colle^. Subject—" Ego 
multos homines exc^Uente animo ac vir- 
tute fuisse, et sine doctrina, naturse ipsiua 
habitu prope divino, per seipsos et mode- 
rates et graves extitisse fateor ; sed idem 
ego contendo, cum ad naturam cTimiam 
atque illustrem accesserit ratio quKdam 
conformatioque doctrinse, tam illud nescio 
quid preclarum et singulare solere ex- 
istcre. ' 



INTEEKATIONAL COPT&IOHT. 

A treaty for the protection of copyright 
in books has been concluded with rmssia. 
The right of the publisher is to be the 
same in the two States ; but a declaration 
must be made in the foreign country to 
secure it. Dramatic works are included 
in this disposition. — Article 4 reduces the 
duty on the importation of Prussian books. 
All books are to be marked with a stamp, 
for recognition at the Custom Houses. 
The contracting parties reserve to tiiem- 
selves the right of excluding works con- 
trary to good morals. — Article 7 engages 
to the introduction of this stipulation into 
any treaties which may be concluded with 
otiber States. — By article 8 it is provided 
that the German States of the Customs' 
Union may adhere to the treaty.— Article 
9 fixes that the treaty shall take effect 
from the 1st September next, for five 
years, and continue, afterwards, tadtly in 
force till dissolved by a twelve-months' 
notice. A copy of every work declared is 
to be delivered to the Company of Sta- 
tioners in London, and the Minister for 
Ecclesiastical Affairs at Berlin. 



8 ALB OF SHARES OF THE ** GLOBE ** 
NBWSPAPBB. 

July 16. Nineteen shares of the Globe 
evening newspaper, the property of which 
consists of sixty-two shares, were disposed 
of by Mr. Edmund Robins at the Auction 
Mart They were the property of the 
principal proprietor, who, having reached 
the age of eighty -two, was desirous of 
relieving himself -from the cares of the 
pursuit of literature. The shares were 



1S46.} 

MvenHy divided u 

Knt fonr were purrtuaed b; Mr. Aldridge, 
■■d the remBuuDg fifteen bj Mr, Ridg- 
»«j, publisher, Piccndilly. The foUowin^ 
» the price* e«ch lot went for ; — Nd. 1, 
I fniseu; No. 9, 790 gaineui Nd. 
S, 7S0 guincM ; No. i , 700 ^uiueu ; nnd 



I lots, of which the (lie other loti at 660 guiaefts «bc1i. TLe 



pre-emption price per share wu, in 1 04 6, 
1,540/. realizug a ditidend of 18DJ. 
1845,1.3301. the dividend being 120/. 
nnd in 1844, e7£I. rielding a dividend < 
100/. The total amount tbe sharei prO' 
doced wRs 12,990 guineas. 



of 



ARCHITECTURE. 



Jaat 16. Among the preienCs wu s 
drawing of s nicbe bnilt into the wnlt at 
. Si. Batthcloniev, Hyde, ne^ir Winr'heiter, 
froro .K. Walten. esq. accompanied by 
■ few Tcmarlu. which led to lOme dii- 
enadoD. Mr. Parlter agreed with tbe 
dODor in snppoiing tbe niche to be a part 
tl tome earber building. 

Tlie Rot. G. S. Master read s paper 
on the antiqoitiea of Lewtttor Church, 
Oiforddiire. Tbe Roy. Dr. Dean, tbe 
ineumbeat, complimented Mr. Master on 
^ accnnry of bia paper, and alluded to 
ttie eanfii] raloratiou of the cbancel, 
•fleeted mnJnlj bj Mr. Johnson, of Oi- 
hnl. and ackaowtedged the asristanre he 
* ' derived on aviteral occaiiom from the 
lee of Ab Society. The peculiar cha- 
er of Lewknor CbDrcb ltd to a dis- 
doD aa to the potsibilily of harmo- 
Bg a dimioative tower and nave with n 
[u«l disproportianalely large. 



for general meethigi and lecturei, with 
leals for 350 peraaoB. arranged with a 
view to tbe reading of paperi, the eihibi- 
tioQ of draningi and diagrams eiplanatory 
thereof, and for fadlily of diicusiionj a 
council, room for twenty-five members ; a - 
library for 10,000 volumes, with suitable 
depoiitories for drawings, prints, medals, 
&c. ; a gallery for models, casts, frag- 
menti, S:c. ; an exhibition -room far ar- 
cliiteclural sobjects; and soitable resi- 
dences for a secretary and a curator. The 
cost of tbe building not to eieeed 20,000/. 
The design to coiapri<ie not less than one 
plan of each story, — two eleiations, two 
section!!, and a perspective view. TbB 
Mcale of the drawings to be one-eighth of 
an inch (o the foot, and to be tinted with 
Indian ink or sepia only ; and to be 
sent in by tbe 3Ul of December. 



The Royal Med^il granted to this In- 
ItitDtc. ii to be sppli^ to tbe encou rage- 
It of tbe junior members of the prc- 
jon. by a competition in designs, 

Ipoaed in a style calculated to promote 

Ibe study of Grecian, Romau. and Italian 
•reMlcctvre : the designs to be judged of, 
not only with reference to their merits as 
worki of art, but likewiK ai to (he know. 
Iedg« of eonttmcCion which they may 
eibibil. It has been determined tbat tbe 
age ol One competitor shall be limited to 
twenty-five years, and that, wilb this li- 
milalion, the competitioD sliall be open to 
the pn>feuion in general. Tbe succesaful 
competitor will be fiirlher enlitted la draw 
BpoQ tbe treasurer of the Institute for 
tbe «am of 50/. after his arrival In Borne 
in the punnit of his profeesional itudiet, 
at any pmod within five years from the 
time of tbe medal having been awarded to 
him. upon lending to the Institute a ea- 
tufaotory study of some existing building, 
etOer aacienl or modem. The sabject 
fur tbe present year is a building sullable 
to tke purpose* of the Boyal Institute of 

Brit»h Arobitecta: oompriaiog a mna 



In repairing (be rectory -bouse at Moat- 
ton, near Newmarket, an interesting dis- 
covery baa been made. It seems that the 
older part of the house was once a cbspel, 
and that at the west end of it was also a 
tniall chapel underground. The form of 
thp building was oblung, about 35 feet by 
IT, with a porch at tbe south-west end. 
Tbe east and west walls, above ground, 
were destroyed, doubtless when the build* 
ing was converted into a dwelling. But' 
the aide walla, which are of great thick- 
ness, and the walls of the crypt, if it may 
be BO caLed, arc tolerably preserved. In 
the south wsU, above ground, is the stone 
frame of a window, but the niollions seem 
to lisve been removed when it was blocind 
up, Bud a cbioiney applied in face of it 
emsUy. Opposite to it, in the north 






nthe' 




concealed by the i 
crypt under it, but n 
n tocker or ambry, ia which one of tbe 
hinges of tbe door was found. Hie west 
end of tlie crypt was lighted by two win- 
dows, the form of which is preserved, the 
light entering through iperturcij in the 
ground above, as in the ease of modern 
G«Uan. Under Ibe pmrb tliere it a dwt- 



Aniiquatian JImmtcAm. 



CMff. 



wif in Um maul «ill« vMcli gats entnoiee 
tp a duNt wtadiiif ttiiroate l«diqg into 
tlM OTpt. A erots wmll, Uro fSscC thick, 
■boat fiftaea feet from tht west end, di- 
iflded tiiif erypt into two, on whiefa reited 
ft bttm thirteen indiet broad and thick, 
running from the wett end, and anpport- 



uig the joifti of tiM floor abofo. 
no raoord of thia VoikUng, nor wi 
any preyions aoapieiaa of ita bafia^ 
senred a aaored nae. Hie arehHoetlPO 
doea not aeem to differ moch from tkal of 
the chnreb, which if only at o abort 
tanoe. 



ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES. 



BOCIBTT OF ANTiaUABIES. 

Aftril 30. Tifcount Mahon, President, 
in the Chair. 

It was announced that the President, 
br Tirtne of the power Tested in him by 
the charter, had nominated Henry Hal- 
lam, esq., William Richard Hamilton, esq.. 
Sir Robert Harry Inglis, Bart., and 
Thomas Stapletoo, esq. to be his Vice- 
Presidents f the two lifter in succession 
to himself and to Mr. Hudson Gumey, 
rosigned). The thanks of the Society 
wart voted to Hudson Gumey, esq. for 
the attention he has paid to the interests 
of the Society, during a period of twenty •> 
four years, as one of the Vice- Presidents. 

Mdyl, William R. Hamilton, esq. Y.P. 

Charles R. Smith esq. F.S.A. by per- 
mission of Edward O'Mally, esq. exhi- 
bited a bronze statuette of Venus, of fine 
workmanship, discovered at Mogla in Asia 
Minor, the site of the ancient Stratonice. 
AlsO| a bacchanalian group in rosto aniicOf 
from the collection of the Marchese Gri- 
maldi. 

The Central Committee of the Archaeo- 
logical Institute exhibited a Bronxe collar, 
or toraue, with a bronze bowl, in which 
the collar had been deposited. They were 
foond in cutting turf in Socher Moss, 
Domfriesshire, p|['^oed upon three souare 
hewn stones. This moss appears to nave 
been, at some remote period, a forest, and 
tho trunks of large trees are frequenUy 
firand in the peat : it is only a few feet 
above the level of the Solway Firth, and 
numerous ancient relics of various periods 
have, from time to time, been brought to 
light, comprising Roman coins and other 
rooudns. The collar resembled, in general 
character, those of which representations 
have been given in the Arohaeologia, vol. 
XXX' p. 554 i XXXI. p. 517. Another 
similar ornament is in the possession of 
James Pearden, esq. F.S.A. ; but the 
design of ornament differs in eadi of these 
examploa. 

Benjamin Williams, esq. exhibited a 
copy of the portrait of Christine de Pise, 
ojOftlng in a MS, preserved in the King's 
LilNwry at P»risi which, as Monsieur 
rwlkii P«rl« fuppofei> wm written by h«r 



own hand. This curious limning wgip^ 
plies evidence, that John Caatal, ton of 
Christine, was not, as several Francb 
writers have erroneously stated, a moak { 
most probably confounding him with an- 
other person of the same name, who wia 
Abbot of St Maur. The son of ChriathiflL 
portrayed in the MS. at Paris, paaaoi 
three years in England, In the suite of 
the Earl of Salisbury, the devoted adherent 
of Richard II. 

Albert Way, esq.. Director, eommu- 
nicated a note relating to aome re- 
markable antique vases, which had been 
sent by John Bidwell, esq. F.S.A., for 
the inspection of the Society, at the pre* 
vioua meeting. They were of Ghreek In- 
bricatioD, and were discovered, with vi« 
rious ancient remaina, at Bengiti, la 
Barbary, on the aea shore, at the entranoe 
of the Greater Syrtis, in the dominiona of 
the Pasha of Tripoli. heagU is aop- 
posed to occupy the site of the Beremoe 
of the Ptolemies, and Hesperis of more 
ancient times. One of the vaaea in Mr. 
Bidweirs possession bears the potter'a 
name inscribed upon the neck, APIC* 
TAPXO APICT0N02, Aristarohna, tho 
son of Aristo. These interesting speci- 
mens were collected, about the year 1838, 
bv Mr. Wood, British Consul at Ben* 
gizi, and presented by him to Mr. Bid- 
well. 

Dr. Bromet exhibited an earthen vaee, 
found amongst the ruins of an anciant 
Mexican Temple, communicated, forOie 
inspection of the Society, by Mr. Dill- 
man Engleheart. It was of most gro- 
tesque form, representing some monstrona 
animal, and fabricated wiUiout the aid of 
a lathe. It consisted of two portions, 
moulded separately! and afterwards united 
together. 

Charles T. Bake, esq. Ph. D., F.S.A. 
oommunicated an account of the mined 
diurch of M^ula M^am, in Abyssinia, 
originally built by the Empress Helena, 
early in the sixteenth century, and restored 
by the Portuguese Jesuits in the eentuy 
iuooeeding. 

Miw 14. Sir Robert Harry Inglis, Bart. 

Vioe*PretideBt 



1S46.] 



Seeitty *f Atiti^uarisi, 



182 



Botan Porrctl, ceq. F.&.A. eihibiKd t, 
bentifDl BhieM. recentt; purcliBMd b; 
the Board of OrdtuiDci, tot Ibe Armourin 
■t rhf Tower, The iMbjwi rqinacniRl 
opon it Rppnus to be ■ prseFislaD of 
knigbta to > tonmaoient; the imumcnls 
•R of eofnTed work, aod thtir character 
■«em* to fin the tims of Edward VI. >a 
fha dale ef the ahield. 

Kathanirl Gould. esq. P.S.A. exhibited 
tbrte ancient reisek oT etutlwnware, all 
bearing coniidrniblErciemblancc in ftshion 
to the SoDlh Amerfcan ruie eifaiblted by 
Dr. Bromet at the previous meeting. 
One of them, loppoaed lu be Raman, had 
been finnd hj tbe excnTntort on the 
Eaatim CaoDliea Railway m the ^sr 
IMS, at a drpih ot ibont oiae feet, near 
Ibe " Fire Kinga' Bn»k," iu E»et ; It 
««■ acarlr flUed with rrddish saad. The 
miiud waa dug np at Cnsco, the ancient 
capicd of Peril ; and it e:ihibit9 in ita 
form a Ihir repreaentation of tbe puma, or 
So«Oi A m eik a n Gon. It appeari to hare 
beat nsd fcr heatiag liqntdi, aod for 
driokfaf. In tbe Spaniih maoner, by 
V<iaiiag ■ CDBtfamoai atre«m into the 
Binmt, the tan being contrived lo al to 
■Bard ftdlity^ in holding the ve!><ei. Near 
tbe spot where this tesiel wu found, Ti- 
limn timnaritmBinahad been d'linterred, 
with whiatles and dereral hnmnn akalla, 
whitft had been presented to the mnieum 
■t Leeda. The third vaae wu brought 
ttam an ancient pUce of sepulture in 
CbiH, and repreiented two fniiti, re»em- 
bOog lemona, united togeOier by a handle : 
on one appeared a short long-nccfccd bird, 
from tbe other aroae a long tube, and by 
blowhig thereinto a ihrill ■histle wai pro- 
doced. TbU groteiqoe iptcimen of the 
tncinit unbakel poicery of America la of 
a pale yellow colour, ornamented with 
rtditripp*. 

TkonM Windiu, e>q. P.S.A. broaght 
(br the InipectiOD of the Society wme 
. speeiaen* ot French omHmental ware, of 
the liiteenth century, de*cribed aa pro- 
dncHooa of Bernard fSilissy. 

The Tiaeonnl Mahoa, Fresidcnt, com- 
mmiicUed to the Society the deiiie of (he 
Prince Alexander Labiaolf to ascertain 
tbe opinioa of tbe beat Englith anliquaries 
rcipecting the alleged residence ot Mary, 
the Qneen ot Scots, at Hardivick Hall. 
Tbe task of replying to Ibis inquiry was 
Utdattakea by tbe Iter. Josetih tinnier. 

Mttf SI. TlscounC Mahou, Prn. 

Tbe PreildcBt read a propoittion t^Dui 
tlw CWDcS, that the niiu of ibree htin- 
dnd poniuls be appiopriiied (niutcr (he 
■"fwliaQ of a Libncy Coinuiittce) for the 

Xse of binding aiul repai ting Iba books 
Ubrary : and the meeting wu oceu- 
d ti > dlKU^B ou tbat intjcct. 



.l/ojr -29. Henry MaUam.'tMq. V.P. 

Some alight alterations of QiapleT VII. 
of the SIttntea, relal^Te to the anniTetsarj 
eieotiona, were adopted by ballot ; at «aa 
tbe grant of 300'. to the improremeot af 
the library, and the tallowing minnU, 
propoaed by Mr. Fettigrew : — 

" Thst the printed boolu contained fa 
the library of the Society be Circulated fbr 
the u«B of tbe Fellowa, subject to such 
occeplioni and canditiaTi5 as ihall appear 
to the Conndl neceaaary tor their preaer- 
vation and «fety : and that, upon ipectal 
Order of the Council, the books M> ei- 
(vpted, and tbe manUKripti, may alto he 
pemjilted to be taken ont of the library." 

We are happy to add, that tbe re- 
arraofement of the library, and tbe dia- 
pourof the grant ot 300/. in the comple- 
tion and binding of many importatrtworki, 
haa been since in active progreas, under 
the direction ot the Library Committee 
and the zeahnu mperinteodence of Mr. 
LemoD, of the State Paper Ofllce. 

A commnnication ot the Council wia 
then lead, relatiTe to the general aeconnt 
of tbe Anglo-Saxon publications, eiprcsa- 
■ng ilieir r^ret that tbe sale of thele 
work?< baa not been such at wai hoped at 
Che time they wer« undertaken, aod tbat 
B considerable balance remains against tbe 
Society, vii, BW. 13». llrf. hut which 
will be in some degree met by tbe sale of 
Lsygtnon, edited by Sir Fred. Madden, 
which is nearly tinished. After the com- 
pletion of that work, no fnrtber eipenae 
will be incurred. It naa added, tbat the 
nnmber of remaining copies of the pre* 
Tious works was not sufficient to supply 
a giatuitons diatribntian to each Fellow, 

John Nicholl, Esq. F.S.A. exhibited 
two painCinga, brought lo this country 
from the port ot Shonghae, in Cbina, by 
Captaiu Restou, of tbe aliTp Carib, to 
whom tbey had been presenti^ by a mer- 
chant of that plsce. TLey appeared to 
represent snbiects ot Oriental Mythology. 

The Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A. com- 
municated obseriillons on Tarious opl. 
iiiona which hare prevailed ia regirato 
tbe lite of [b>i flagon Cambodnnam, or 
Camulodunnm, of Anionine's Itinerary; 
and a piece of evidence, lately discovered 
by bim, which teems to go far towanla 
detertnining tliis long doubtful queation. 
The road which passed t>y that station 
extended through the whole otonr ialand. 
On the part by which EboraeiuD, or 
Tork, is connected with Msmueiain (by 
many ontiquariea supposed to be Maa- 
Chester), two other stattoni occur in the 
Itioerary, niniely Calcsria, nine mites dli- 
tBDt from York, the distance of tha mo- 
dem town of Tadcaster, and Cambg- 
dunnm, Ttui la placed at tlM dittuiM ef 



4 



M 



184 



Antiquarian Researches. 



[Ang. 



20 milei from Calcaria, and 18 from 
. Mamucium. Mr. Hunter recapitulated 
the Tarious statements and opinions pub- 
lished by various authors on the subject, 
and submitted, in conclusion, thnt the dis- 
covery of a Roman altar and remains near 
the spot on which Horsley conjectured 
that the Romans had formed a camp, is 
undeniable ; and that the site of Cambo- 
duuum ought henceforth to be regarded as 
fixed at Greteland, in the parish of Hali- 
fax, the claim asserted by Watson and the 
Whitakers in favour of Slack being un- 
tenable. 

The Society then adjourned over the 
Whitsuntide vacation. 

June 11. Viscount Mahon, Pres. 

The Secretary read a RrCsolution of 
Council, announcing that, in compliance 
with the wish expressed by several Fellows 
of this Society, it shall, from November 
next, be the practice, so far as possible, 
to announce from the Chair at each ordi- 
nary Meeting the names and subjects of 
such communications as it is intended 
ihould bo read at the next. 

Alexander Horace Burkitt, esq. of Clap- 
ham Rise, was elected a Fellow of the 
Societv. 

William Roots, esq. M.D., F.S.A. ex- 
hibited two iron spear-heads, and a short 
sword, or dagger, found in the bed of the 
Thames, at Kingston; they were con- 
sidered by him to be Roman, and noticed 
as substantiating his supposition that 
Cnsar crossed the Thames at that place. 
Sir Samuel Meyrick considered these re- 
mains as more decidedly appertaining to 
the Roman period than the bronze 
weaponf found at Kingston, and ex- 
hibited on previous occasions by Dr. 
Roots. 

Alfred J. Kempe, esq. F.S.A. commu- 
nicated a notice of Roman remains, near 
Blechingly, in Surrey. The diatrict oc- 
cupied by the Regni, in West Kent, Sur- 
rey, Sussex, and Hampshire, presents 
many vestiges of Roman occupation. 
The researches made at Holwood Hill, in 
18S8, had tended to confirm the opinion 
that the Noviomagus of Ptolemy, the chief 
station of the Regni, was there situated. 
Seven miles southward is found the 
elevated range of downs, forming the 
northern boundary of the vsiley of Holmes- 
dale, upon which numerous fortressea are 
to bo found, probably of Roman origin ; 
and similar strongholds appear on the 
Kentish hills, eastward, towards Ightham 
and Wrotham. It would be easy to shew 
that the Holmesdale, throughout its ex- 
tent, was guarded by a continuous chain 
of ancient forts, amongst which Blech- 
ingly and Ryegate castles, subsequently 
occupied by the Saxons and Nprnans, 
9 



may be included. On a bold eminence, 
called White Hill, near the former place, 
on the estate of J. Perkins, esa. of raid- 
hill, Mr. Kempe had recenUy notbtdl 
indications of a Roman building, idb Ae 
north side of a bye-road, leading to 
Merstham. The spot is protected bv the 
downs to the northward, in accordance 
with the usual care of the Romans in the 
selection of sheltered sites for their villas. 
The building may now be traced by a hol- 
low in the surface, about 40 ft. in length, 
and 24 ft. in breadth ; the northern end 
appears to have been circular, and there 
are remains of a party-wall; numeroos 
fragments of roofing and flue tilee, and 
other Roman materials, are scattered over 
the surface of the ground. The country 

Eeople consider these to be the remains of a 
athjwhichmighthavebeonreadily supplied 
by the numerous springs arising m the 
adjacent hills. The President stated tiiat 
he could fully corroborate the statement 
made by Mr. Kempe, in regard to the ex- 
istence of ancient earthworks, towards the 
eastern extremity of the Hoimeadale; 
having had frequent occasion to notioe 
such evidences of ancient occupation in 
the neighbourhood of his paternal eftatet , 
at Chevening. 

The Dean of Hereford, F.S.A. commu- 
nicated a notice of the burial-place of 
Joanna de Bohun, on the north side of 
the Lady Chapel at Hereford Cathedra], 
recently disclosed to view during tlie pro • 
gress of the restoration of that decayed 
fabric. In an arched recess in the wall 
is seen a recumbent efligy, under which a 
wooden coffin had been deposited in a 
grave, half the depth of which only was 
below the level of the chapel. The lid 
had been covered with linen of fine tex- 
ture, u]>on which had been sewn three 
large crosses pat<Ses, and eight smaller 
ones, formed of white satin : three similar 
crosses appeared also on each side of the 
coffin, and four large iron rings at each 
side and end. The remains had been* 
wrapped in cloth, apparently woollen, 
fastened with Htrong packthread: the 
bones were much decayed, as is usually 
the case in interments in the Cathedral ; 
but the flowing hair remained perfect, de- 
tached from the cranium like a wig. It 
was of a yellowish red colour, and so pro- 
fuse in quantity, that the prevalent notion 
of the growth of the hair after death, 
which, as the Dean remarked, had been 
entertained by him from previous obeer- 
vations, appeared to be confirmed. Tfaia 
ladv had been heiress of Kilpec, in Here- 
fordshire, and espoused one of the Bohun 
family; in the year 1327, she gave the 
churdi of Lugwardine, with the chapels 
of Llangairewi St. Waynanl*i, «ad 



1846. J 

HcDtUnd, I 



.V(/ct>(y ofAnCiqiii 



I the Deaa and ChipCcr of being the Covetinnl of tli? Scotiali Partiit- 

id lliis duiwlioii •!!» iub«- mell^, in renunciation of Poperj, dated 

qocollr applied to tbe senice of the Augiut, ISII, and boringtlieaatDgnphs 



appein bf ihc 



for which previou: 
(DiBCUfiii pronsiOD had be«o 
chBrch of Uerrford. 

Ohito, Uul ibe died i 

I Edward 111. Tbe foundaCiona and cir- 
enlsr apw of iha original cbipel, nc- 
cceded by tbe beautiful specimen orearlj 
Eogliih architecture, to which her bequeat 
rootributed, had recent Ij been braii|;bt to 
lifbl: tbe Dean remarked that, in the 
anie-chapcl of tliia portion of the Cache. 
dial, certain details partaking of Norman 
character appeircd, which are not to be 
Imced in the part^ more eutward ; and 
laat, ai he tupposed, had been con- 



entJr to 



gift of ti 



ladf of Kilpee. Daring the neceuarj 
repair! toward! the w«t end of tbe Lady 
eupel, leieFal iatermenta were diacloied, 
■od WDongat them «ii ancient gram were 
funad, cut through at about tbe middle 
of their leagtb. In order la torni the west 
wall of the erjpt of the chapel, a moiety 
of each corpse being leH in its original 
mtiog-place. In another graie a inlia 
• If found, and near to it a slab, inacribed 
■tth tbe name of " Magister Thomat de 
Toningtnn." 

The Marquess of Northampton exhi- 
bited a imBll coffer, or forcer, of wood, 
beBBufsllr carved, purchaeed hj him a; 
Condaoee. Jc was of G>?rman workman. 
•hip, lome portions of tbeornametit bring 
of architectural character, and present I Eig 
fiatnrea of the style termed Jtantoyaaf . 
Its date appeared to be tlie latter part of 
Ibe fifteenth century. 

WiUiaiD Downing Bruce. e»q. F.S.A. 
cibibital a remarkable original iio>:au:ieot. 



representatives. It was 
found in the charter-chest of Major 
Richoni Leslie Bruce Duodas, of Blair 
Castle, count; of Perth. 

The Rev. Charles H. Hartahoroe com- 
municated a description of a statue of 
MiuerTa Custos, and other Roman anti- 
quities, recently diijcorered at Slbson, 
and Bedford Purlieus, Nurtbamptnnahira. 
A portion of Ibis paper baling been rsad, 
(he remaiiiiler was reserved for Ibe next 
meeting. 

June IS. Thomas Slap1eton.e«i.V.F. 

Charles Sandys, esq. of Canterbury. 
was duly elected a Fellow of tbe Society. 

J. R- FUnch^, esq. F.S.A. communi- 
cated lome remarks in further jllualration 
of tbe origin of the badge and motto of 
the Prinre of Wales, in reference to tbe 
intereating notices bv Sir N. Harris Nico- 
bu. Mr. Plauchf had been tbe first to 
draw public attention to theabseuce of all 
cautemporaneouB aucborily for the notion 



i 



iiersonal ir 



ofth 



t they I 
King of Bohemia. 



substantive, and not ansdjectiie. Hoocb. 
moel, or Hoomoet, signifies ■' magnani- 
raiti! de courage, courage baulaiii," ac- 
cording to Melleiua, in bis Promptuairo 
Francois- Flam eng. Instead of regarding 
this ward and icH DIEM as two separate 
mottoea, he was inclined, from the eiri- 
dence adduced by Sir Harris, to consider 
tbem B9 forming ann complete motto, as 
written in full b; Edward himself, in tbe 
remarkable signature of which a fac-iimile 






.ted tbe 



is here giien. lie su| 
lowing interpretation of Inc vitote mono, 
"High spirit I serre," or, less lilersUy. 
"I obey the dictates of magnanimity." 
This conjecture may serre to explain tbe 
apparent contradiction in tbe prince's will, 
Tbidi makes no mention of ICH niKH.for, 
tiw aaetttohBoni being arranged on hi* 
tonb in alternate order, Ibe motto was 
nerely tUvided, and houuol't ich diem 
nay be read thrice in succession, above 
the six esGUtcbeous on either aide. Mr. 
Planch^ cited, as ansli^ons eumples, tbe 
Percy motto, " Eajieiance en Difu," po. 
OK«r. M*r,. Vol. XXVI. 



or \">*y at Pbiri]) tbe Good, Oukc ol 
gUDdy, on his siKvnd marriage, " j 
n'atiray, Dame Isabean, lani que vi' 
naually given as simply avltre n'ai 
or the war-cry of Crequy, which i 
abbreviated in like manner. In pt 
conitructioa, be remarked that the pi 
motto has iU parallel in that of th< 
of Pembroke, " Ung jo servirai." 
considered the suggestion made I 
Harris, that the feathers wore pt 
derived from tbe county of Oatievs 
very valuable, and ronjtcmrcd thai 

2 li 



IS6 

laiigHJidl retenililiuicc between the words 
Oitnet and OitreTinl miEht hite led to 
the wtectioD of oitrich feathen as the 
■ymbol of thst province, tfar aim* of which 
bare not beeu recorded. 

John Brilton, etq. F.S.A. aent for ex- 
hibition two volamn containing iketche* 
of cathedrals, ebwchei. architectural, re- 
mains, eoitume, and antiqaities, being 
portions of a feriea of Ihirlf'tieireD Toluines 
of drawinfs made bjr the lale John Carter, 
between the jtan M6i and 1817, neb 
■roloine comprinng Ibe aketcbeiof a jear. 
Mr. Britton alioEihibited nineteen sk etches 
bf the same artist, representiDg mono- 
mtols in Hereford Cathedral. 

Sir Hcnrr Ellis commuaicated, in a 
lettertothe Prosident, illuitradTe remarki 
on a gold ornament, forwarded for exbi- 
Ution 10 the Society by Miss Gumej'. It 
ii an onument oompoard of an aneient 
east from a gold coin of the Emperor 
Maurice, mJeij set in gold, with a loop 
far luipeluion, and portions of red glass 
or itone hi In a double row around the 
ooln. Ttie diameter of tbii medallion 
meiium an inch and a half ) it wm found 
upon the beach of the Norfglk cob.'1, be- 
tween Baoton and Mnndealp)', in Janaarf 
last. Tliree looped ornaments are pre- 
serred in the Bntlih Musetim ; one ex- 
bihits a gennina coin of the elder Philip. 
A.n. 244, another 1> art with a coin of 
Posthanios % theie hare loops behiod, nnd 
aeein to hare been used as ftsteningl, or 
flbuln. The third had been a pendant 
jewel, and is ornamented with a cast of a 
coin of Valeni, and a border of portions 
of glaag, in like manner at the medallion 
found in Norfolk. Similar omameoti, 
formed with Ratnan toins. are to be seen 
in the Cabinet of Medals at Paris. The 
■pLvimens pregeried in IheBrilJiih Miueum 
inaf be ancribed to the aiith or metith 
cenlur)'. Miss Gurnej remarked that the 
Danes had the practice of iniitatine By- 
Siatine medals, as shewn by the curious 
onuunenis represented in the publicstiotis 
of the Rojai Societj of ArchKolog; at 
Cupenhagen ; these, however, although 
mod for the same purpose, are very dif- 
ferent in ebaraoter when comiiared with 
the mcdalUoni in queitioti. Whilst en- 
gaged in this iaijuirjr. Sir Henr; had con. 
VBfsed with Mr. Wortaae, the eraioent 
antiquSTf of Copenhagen, who informed 
him that BOBie Roman gold coins, set 
within ornamented inrclei of the tame 
metal, eiist there, but that the greater 
number of such ornaments ore of the 
bractcate kind, ornamented with rude 
figurea, or Bjrsaotine coins, ranging from 
the last halt of the fifth century to tiiB 
middle of tlic eighth. In the aocount of 
theVKnngeri, orhodj-guardornorthmen 



v4nfiytu>riun Pesearchet. 



[Ai«. 



in tbo service of the Emperors at Const in- 
tiuopie. as i^ren by Mr. Laing, in bis 
version of the Heimskringla, lome cnrions 
ioformation is given regarding tbe de- 
IKisils of coins of the Greek emperors, 
Cuficcoinaaadgoldornsmeals, apparcatlj 
of Eistem workmsiuhip, discoTered in 
Norway, and snpposed to be tbe hidden 
Iressures of the Vieringcrs. Mr. Wor- 
siae's notices of ancient Northern orna- 
ments, given In his work entitled " Dane- 
marks Vorteit," throw further li^ht upon 
this curious subject. He describes gold 
rings for tbe neek adorned with plates 
inlaid with coloured glass, or hung round 
with gold bracteatei,or thin plates stamped 
on one tide with the imitation of soma 
foreign coin. Ranie legends ocoasioDally 
are found in the margin. Tbe gold brac- 
teates have been fotiod varying In ^men- 
sion from half an iueh (o twelve Inches in 
diameter. The medallion eibibited to the 
Society by Miss Gumey has boca pre. 
scnlcd by her to the Britiih Muscam. and 
will be depositeid in the collection of 
Nation si Aniiqnitiea, which is in the 
course of formation. 

The Rev. Joseph Hunter. P.S. A., com- 
muaicated some observations on the claim 
of Hardwick Hall, Derbyahire, to have 
been one of the reaidenoei of ttie captive 
Mary Qneco of Scots ; in reference to the 
inquiry of Prince LabonatT, whidi had 
been brought before tbe Society by the 
Presldent,unarecentoeeaaion. Hardwlok, 
one of the seats of the Dake of Detnn- 
shire, is situate about eighteen milca f^m 
Cbattworlh, and the same dlftanoe front 
Sheffield, places where much of the time 
of Mary's captivily was spent. The house 
exhibits one of the most perfect ciiitjng 
: 1 .1 •. of the nobility 



f the I 



s of 



inted 



books, ai well aa local tradition, bav 
stoutly asserted the fact of the Queen's 
resilience thert. Her daily movements, 
however, were traced by Mr. Hunter from 
the time oF her landing in Cuuiberlaod to 
her final scene at Fotberinghay, and he 
observes that Mary landed on the shores 
of Cumberland, May 16, 15GB. There is 
nothing amongst the numerous written 
memorials of her time that can be oon- 
almed intoa recognition that Mary visited 
Hardwick (unless she rode there in a 
morning whun slaying at Winlield Manor}, 
and the strictness with which she was eon- 
fined rcnderi it highly iniprobabtetbtishe 
could ever have bran there. The tradition 
of the house alone is In favour of tucb a 
notion ; anil this oannot he traced for 
ranch more than ■ century, There is even 
every probability that th^ present houio 
was not in eiitlance during Mary's life- 
tlme, but WHS erected by ttie Coauless of 



1846.] 



Society of Antiquaries. 

Mr- Ilartihorne proceeded 



187 



Shrembarynibseqnentlf tobcrHiJoiFtiood ainphi 
ID liSO, Tbe date 1699 i< inscribed on Dotica 
tbc door dF one of the rerj roonu inp- son, i: 
pat«d tohave be«i iDb&biteJbj theQueeu. 
Some, iiiJe^d. have !up(io4cd tlial it wa^ 
in (be older muisioii itill remiiiniag, ia 
irbicb Marj resided ; bnt this i* rer; iui- 
piobable. Htrdwick Uoll, ftllbough it 
teenii to hiTe no cinim to be regarJeJ as 
one or ber resi[]ences. may still aerve a 
■n EiiDiple of what the hoasci iterc (non 
destrojed) in which her captiiity trns 
plsud. OF Sheffield Castle nothini; now 
reiniiiu; Sheffield Manor aod Wialield 
Manor eitit in rnini ; and the honse at 
Cbttswortb which received her hia been 
replaced b; n more magniSceDt fabric. 

The resding oF Mr. Hartshorne'a de- um. me 'act tuot toeae wori 
■ciiption of Raman remains discovered in ecuted on the spot i« likewiie 
Northamptonshire on the estates of (be and supplies ■ valuable addition to our 
Dake of Bedford, was then concluded, knowledge oF Che progresa and state of 
During the apring of 1S14, the first dia- Roman art in one of its most important 
coiBT occurred at a spot between Wana- colonies. 

ford and King's Cliffe, npon the weatern At the conclusion oF thia paper, Mr. 

aide of a wood called Bedford Porlieu;, Roach Smith said, he wai pieced to lind 
near to ■ road nbicb may not improbablf that this interesting discovery had agiun 
be conaidered as a vicinal wny commnni- been brought beFore the Society! For in 
catinitwithtbeEnnineStreet. andio the 11:144 drawinga of the chief aculptures, 
neigbbonrhood of Castor, Chesterton, and which had been exhibited at the Canter- 
other places oF Roman occupation. Two bury congreaa of the British Arcbiealogi- 
■mall statnee were found, deprived of the cal Association, had been transferred to 
heads and feet ; both were in the aame the Society by the Central Committee, 
altitade, holding whips, and clad in short but were unnoticed in tlie Arcbeeoli^ia. 
tonics. Tfaey were formed of a compact He trusted Mr. UaiCshorne would com. 
sScUy oolite, apparently the material mnnicate with Mr. Artis, of Cutor, 



son, now called the Wansford SUtioo. in 
the spring of Mii. They consiited of a 
mutiUtml statue of Ucrcules rather above 
the natural aize, a torio of Apollo, and a 
atatae of Minerva Coatoa, of the sixe of 
tialnre ; the Gorgon'a bead decorated her 
breast, a circolar shield appeared at her 
side, on which her left band rested, whilst 
with th; light she grasped a sceptre. 
These statues, as well as the pair dis- 
covered at Bedford Purlieus, were formed 
of the Barnack-ra;, the stone of the dis- 
trict ; tliey are specially interetling as 
being the only examples of Roman aonlp- 
tare ofjbe kind, hilberlo found in Bri- 



i 

ii 

4 



Foood near the place, known by (he 
of Bamack-rag. With these were aisin- 
terred a large globular earthen vase, de- 
signated by Mr. Hartshome as in ohrtjt- 
iHriaiH^-aaei for scpulchril purposea. It 
contained human bones, and numeroui 
bagmCDta of glass and pottery, with twa 
elegant paltrir of Samian 



had noticed fragments of other s 
unmentioned by him. One of these Mr. 
Smith believed had formed partofagroup 
of the Dcffi Malres, Des Campestre*, or 



Mati 



e divh 



lacfarymatoi 



,11, „ t 

tignreSi holding in their laps baskets o 

fruit. A portion of a similar group ha> 

glass Teasels usually called been discovered in London (figured inth< 

another glass vessel of Journal of the Archnol. Association, i 



uiaaaa] form, being 
belile taae decorated with figuret in re- 
lief. Ilia remarkable specimen of earth- 
enware was formed of the clay of the dia- 
trict 1 the ground was of a black colonr : 
the nubjects represented apon it were 
rombott with aoimals, most elaborately 
wrought. The whole of these curious 
fcmiins formed, as Mr. Uarlshome mp- 
potrd, a portion of a Roman tuilan. concinaea n]i 
The two atatnea might have been intended engraving he 

to nipreaent the propitiatory Dii infrri, work of a Roman tnneral procession, in 
vr pOBiibly Tiuphone and Hecate ) he which the chief mnnmer was represented 
was, however, diapoicd to regard them as holding to his eyes two small bottles re- 
emblematical decorations of the tomb, aembling the well-known iaobrymatories. 
figures of the Social Moneit. deilined to The Society then adjourned over the 
be placed on either aide of the sepulchral aommer vacation, to meet again, Nov- 19. 



347^ and was at the present a 
neglected state in the City Stoneyard. 
Another piece of sculpture Found iu the 
Bedford Purlieus, bat oierlooked by Mr. 
Uartshome, had been exhibited last year 
to the Society by Mr. Artis. Mr. Smith 
then gave reasons for questioning whether 
these sculptures had ever been applied to 
or intended Tor sepulchral purposes ; and 
' ' ' ' ' 'by alluding tO an 

id in some Italian 




HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



PUOCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. 



IIoL-Kt or Loan*. 

Jmae23. Uioausittcc OatbeCctTOMs 
Bill, on the ■ceood dauc, rcbbag Id tt>( 
Tinibct Dutiw. bnnc propAHd. Lord 

at. Their 



Par lia tbm. M ; iguiBt 
jantj IB faraw of the ditue. i 
On tfce fulbiiri^ iaj tlw 
■•> reMBOd, vhca wmi) of the 



ti2i m*- 



. >d QD loaie their 
lorAihip* Prided. Oa the artiela - Batter 

'" ' 'opovd. dM E«l of 

It thr; ke en^pteJ 
■ g< Iftaact. He nid 
tke ndwboa af Itti. a eat. vmU t^a 
• of Ink^ 

I dnidrd— P« tke i 
CM: Miofi^fcr the iMHrties 
-~ * >. II. TV OOa ff JBicd- 




chioged, u>d canHidrred thit Parlisinaat 
«>* abonl lo 1HI19 * pultr; uTing Uw, be- 
cauce the East loilis Compinj had (liimght 
Slloa*inli>peation. Thr Uodk di tided, 
wbm (he tuiinlKta were— For th« urigiiul 
bill*. *' ; for the auieiidinent, It : ma- 
joiitj i9. 

H»li» or CouMOHB, 
Anr 34. Sir Di Latjr RraN* moved 
thesecoDd reading at the PabU iIHIEKTAMT 
BLccRiaa AXD Frbinkn's flill. Iii 
principal ohjrd ma lo rejical what are 
popabrli termed Ibe ralc-pafiiig cl4U>n 
of tbe Bcfbnn Act, *hicb require, ■> a 
coo^Hon of eiercitisf the francbiie, tbat 
Butiea riwidd dlachargeall rate* and taiei 
doe la Ibe fith of April on or before the 
2lit of tbc toUowiDg Julj. He wiibed 
lo mitit*!' 1^ '''^ '^ 'I**' clsiue by 
changiag ihc date* coblaincd in it. lo that 
nutiea alKiald oulj be required, oa or be- 
lole Ae 41(1 at Jal<r, to pay the rata and 
naci 4«e •« the 11th of October pre- 
ciBat. nrJi'ffrKry-GeiurslDppoiedthe 
BQL TbeBoaw dinided.and CheanmberB 
■ tu i— tBrtbe—fogd trading, i.1 ; SEaiait 
U.94: Mfa*itjB(aiiifttbeBm, 41. 

TW ilvMe baling gone into CD 
on A* RoMJtit Catkouc Hkli 



it.;S: 



■ajariij agakM llw i»r«Jwiar. 



jMif IG. On tha refwrl of ihe Uas- 
BiNoi and Goo«a Axsvitt B3Ii bang 
brought op. Ibe Marqneea of tntdatiat 
mored that the BilU thouU be rcatored lo 
Iheir origiul ■(ate (we p. HO). Oa no 
prcTioDi Dccadion had a larger proiiaioa 
bivn made than Itial granted to Lord Hmt- 
ifny* iu the uriginil bill, dh woald any 
objection baie been taade lo it if Ibe oame 
of the Eaat India Conpuj had not been 
iBtrodnccd. It wai diacrcet (a aroid a 
the Lower Hooac, which had, 
•t all tim«. claimed the pecuiiar right of 
voting tnone;! ; and be bad recciied a 
communioation from Ladjr tfoi-rfiajre. iatd- 
matlng. On behalf of (.anl Hanihtft and 
hu family, their perfivt uliifaction with 
the amount of the prDtiiuoa,aad the mau- 
iirr in which il had been iulroUuced. The 
Duke of Ritkmond and Lord flrDa^Aon 




r Bill, 

giTe the Church of Bume 
Meb adtaalagee a the Froleslant con. 
■tintioB of tbit cooBtry conld not aafelf 
annl; be wored that Hr. Greene do now 
feare the chair, asd report progren. Sir 
J. Graktm tboagfat Che mranire altogether 
» objectiDnablr, that he wonM lote for 
Sit K. Inglia'i amendment. The com- 
mittee diTided, and the nnmben were— 
Fur the molioa. I?0 : agaioet it, BO. The 
Bill was coiue<|i)eDt1y lost. 

Jm 29. Sir R. Pert notified lo the 
Hoate that, in comeqflence of the poaition 
in wbicb her Majntr'i Goremment had 
been placed, bj the tote of the Hooie 
refaaiogto grant to mioiiter* thoK power) 
whirb thej devmed neoeaiar^ for the re- 
preHioD of ontrage and for the protection 
of life in Ireland, her Majeily'a aenanti 
had deemed it their dnty to tender their 
reiignatioo. Theei-Premicr't ipeeth wai, 



d that ibeir oi 






, rather 
apology. He derendcd h: 



..nh 1 



le46.] Foreif 

wu-di IrcUnd -. aiul glotieJ iii tltr iccoin- 
pliihinenl of free (nda in corn, vhilit ho 
urifned the chief pnisc of thii importuit 
rcfolation to the lilenu and energy of 
Hichurd Cobden. Al Ihc ume time be 
h«d the mligricLioD of announcing the 
•rttlement of oai diioulu oilb the Uoiled 
8ula at Anwrirm, by Iha cnncluiioa of 
Iha trealT Tcfpecting Oregon. 

Jalf 15. Mr. Humt moved tbe second 
mdiagoftbeCHABiTABLeTat'STH Bill. 

hlltl the objecl in »iew bj mtfelj relain- 
ing thoM clinse* which wcared the ac- 
ccMntsbUit; of those who had charge of 

Kibtjc mosef . It wu the dnty of tbis 
OB*e, after the expense which had l>eea 
iacarred in in<|UJnes, lo have some accooDU 
■vatlable that would sbuw how the reve- 



71 Newt. 169 

wu not hia hiteulioii to iuglude the Bible 
Society, and other religious Irosti orchari- 
tisi where the foonden were alive, but 
those ant; wher« tfao individuals were dead. 
Tbe priooiple of the bill was to secure the 
accouatabililj of penons intniitDd with 
pnblic moneys. — Sir George Grey shoald 
not offer sny opposition to the second 
reading of the bill ; bat tbe House n ~~ 



tt bill. » 



t thii w 
hbadbi 






efor 



:. or for a 
meaiore. — Mr. S. O' Brin 
against the assumption of the principle 
tliat tbo House of Commana had a right 
to interfere with every charitable body. 
He moved tbat the bill be read a second 
time Ifast day six month*. The Honse di- 
vided — For tbe second reading, 42 j against 
it. If : majoritj for the bill 30, 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



The Oregon quoiioa is at lait settled. 
The Senate debated the sabject daring 
tbe lOtb, lltb. and 12th of June with 
closed doors ; on tbe evening of the t2th 
tbey agreed, by a vote of forty-one to 
founeeD, lo advise the President (o con- 
clade a treaty with the British Govern. 
neal apon the lerms offered. 

" Art. I. Piles the territorial bonndsry 
fittween the United SUtes and Great 
Btiuis, wcat of tbe Rocky Mountains, on 
Ibe line of 49 degrees, [ill it reaches Queen 
Charlotte's Sound, and then through the 
Straits of Fucaio the ocean, which gives to 
Gnrt Britain Vaaeoater's Island.— Art. 
9. UeclamtbenatigatioDoftbeCulnnibia 
Hiver, up to where it itrikes the line of 
43 d«stees, lo be free lo the Hudson'^ 
Bmj Company daring tbe contiuuBnce of 
its charter [until 1863].— Art. 3. The 
riven, ports, and harbours north oF 49 
degnei to be free to the commeree of both 
aatioas. — Art. 4. Indemnity for the forts 
and tiadiog stations of the Hudson's Bay 
Coaapkoy south of 49 degrees and of the 
Aaaicans north of the same, if any there 
ba. — Alt. 5. Indemnity for private pro. 
perty of citiiens or aabjeds who may be 
•Dadi or north of 49 degrees if Ihey wish 
to retire wilhiu Iheir own lerrilory. 



nearly ■ mile long, were burued down, 
besides detached buildings, eiteosive 
stores on the wbsrfs, and nearly every 
pub tie building in the place. Twelve 
thousand persons were left houseless, and 
the loss of properly is supposed to exceed 
a million sterliug. The rapidity and ex- 
tent of tbe ravages made by the fire re- 
sulted from the town having been con- 
structed prineipally of wood, and from 
Ihe number of oil-stores and melting- 
ahops. The flames seemed actnally 10 
leap from roof lo roof, and tbe noise of 
the bnmiDg mass could be compared (o 
nothing except the roaring of tbe csUract 
of Niagara. The fire commenced in VtM 
workshop of a cabinet.m slier, and in a 
short lime spread in all directions. At- 
tempts were made (o arrest the conflagn- 
tioii by blowing up some of tbe bouses in 
its path, bat without effect, while one 
artilleryman was killed, and another was 
dreadfuUy mutilated. By sU o'clock in 
the evening nearly the whole town was in 
ashes. Tbe ships in the harbour were in 
great dsnger, and three of them setoally 
CBugbl fire. They all slipped Ibeir moor- 
ings, and fortonately escaped with littla 
damage. Prom the numbers of peopla 
requiring food and shelter, the lUstieat 
was very great. 



IS fire broke out at St. On the IStb June a most eatamilons 

i<jba'*. Newfoundland, on the morning of fire broke out in the Theatre Royal, 

tba 1st of June, and destroyed nearly two- Quebec. At Ihe close of an exhibition of 

Ihlfdsof the town. Two whole altecls, "chemical diorama^," by Mr. tlarrison, 



I 

I 



ISO 



Do,^ 



B caiiiphins lamp wm oierMt, and the 
auge si once cDvelaped in tisiiiea. In an 
incredibly short spiCH of time tbe ■hole 
of the interior of the buildiDg was une 
ibeet of flune. The sturcue uommuai- 
EBling with the boxei «»« a iteep ono, 
■ad it appean to iinve fsllca fram the 
weight of those who crowded upon it. Ai 
far huuk u could be lei-D was a aea uf 
heads, of nrithing bodies and outstretched 
arms. Tbe flames ut the time were above 



rough 1, 



. The 



s the mass CaWDp 



Governor- General ordered that the 2V> 
guns captured b^ tbe army of tiio Sutlej 
on tbe Geld of battle, during tbe recent 
operatioiig of tlie Sikh army, should be 
conveyed to Delhi, where they were joined 
by the 36 guns subsequently surrendered, 
niaking s l^ital of 95b' pieces of ordoanee. 
proceeded thence through Agra, 



of human beings who had but 
interval previous been in the enjoyment 
of ■ full and active life were either burnt 
or smotiiered to death. The nt\\, day 
forty-six bodies were recovered from the 
roini, and two other peraoDS were miss- 
ing. Among the sufferers were Alexauder 
Stewart Scott, esq. Clerk of the Appeals, 
and Miss Ray, to whom he was engaged 
to he married, and Lient. Hamiltan of 
the 14th Rrgt. 



The CafTres have again risen against 
the burghers, or fanneiB, in this eounlry, 
and have attacked the northern capital of 
Graham's town. The first fighriug took 
place on tbe l&th of April, and continued 
for the neit two days. Martial law was 
proclaimed for the whole colony, and the 
Burgher force was inrnmoned from every 
'' - ict. Levies of Hottentots were also 



ind Allahabad, i 



made, and < 



rganize 



large parties 
of Caffres entered the colony both from 
above and below, murdering stragglers 
sad cauriera on tbe roads, driving off 
cattle, and burning tbe detached farm- 
houses. So fierce and resolute are the 
savages, thai the struggle is fur the el- 
istcni^e of tbe frontier. They are un- 
fortunately much belter provided with lire- 
arma than heretofore. 



ugh Fatna and Moor- 
ahedabad. to Calcutta. At each station 
■elected for the park of the captured and 
Burrenilered gans, tbe troops olf duty 
were asacmbted, and the officer command- 
ing caused it to be briefly eiplained to 
the men that 230 of these guo* were 
captured hy their comrades in the battiea 
of Mnodkee. Ferozeshah, Alliwal, and 
Sobrson, within a period of sixty daji, 
from tbe lirst aclioo fought in December 
to the last fonght on the lOth February, 
and that the remainder of the gnns, 

remnant of tbe Sikh army at Lahore, aAcr 
the British anny had occupied the citadel 
of that to™, on the 2Sd February. 

Preparations are going forward fur 
having tbe Meeanee Column cast in Cal. 
GUtta, Bud 41 brnsa guns of rarloiu dies 
sent from Seindu hove been destined for 
the purpose. The column is to be 130 
feet in height, including tbe plinth, base, 
shaft, capital, and a figure of Britannia 
19 feet in holghl, which, with a pedestal 
of 7 feet, is to surmount the whole. The 
design was drawn hy Colonel Wadding- 
tun, of the Bombay engineers. The 
column is to be of the florid Corinthian 
order, and its shaTt GO feet iu height, and 
7 feet in diameter. The figure will be of 
brass gilt, This column ia destined to 
adorn Hombay, and will beereeted on the 
■ Weilesley tutue. 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



m 



Jult, 2. The r-ont Law Leagut held 
its closing meeting at Manchester, after 
having eiisted seven years, and now ac- 
complished its object in the prospective 
abolition of the Corn-laws. On the mo- 
tion of Mr. Cobden, the sum in hand, 
amounting to about 10,1)001. was voted to 
the chairman, Mr. George Wilton, who 
had attended the meelingi of the councii 
l.tlil times. At a subici[aenl meeting at 
Manchester on the same day a public 



subscription was opened to present Mr. 
Cobden with a lealimonial, which it is pro- 
posed to raise to the amount of lOtt.OOOJ. 
The newspaper called " The League" haa 
at the same time ceased from publication. 
Change qf Miniilrg. On Saturday the 
arth June, Sir Robert Peel left London 
for Osborne House, in order to tender his 
resignation to her .Majeaty. He returned 
on Monday, when he had an ioierview 
with Lord John Russell, who immediately 



after Kpiired to tbe Qucca. snd rreeiittil 
her M«j«l;'E comtnntiilt to form an Ad- 
minislntiod. Tbe CibiDcc bu been (ob- 
■eijiienllj f.irnied u follows:— 



Provincial Intelligence 



SnFrBwIarMjiiIo.' 
sir Oeor^ Orey. 



t. Righl Hon. R. L. S 



I 



■>l<<rTr«le,I 

nl vr COairal. %r John Mobbousf . 
aKTcUry ftir IrcLuuL Rt. Hon. II. Laboucherc. 
AdoilraUr, Br-' ~' ' -■■'--"■ 
Hutxc^lbe 



Jwu IE. Bj' order of tbe i 
tbe Ule Mr. Crwkford, (be SI. Jamrt't 
ClMt-hotar, St. Jamei'o-itrMt, bettrr 
huown bj- the title of " Cmckford's," 
•ith the abole of the fbrniture, &c, waa 
biooght to tbe hammer, Meun. Cbriitie 
■nd Mansoti bring tbe aoctioneen. The 
lint lot put Dp <••> tbe uneipired tease of 
twentj-lwo fcara of the building, <rhicb 
ni built lome few yeara «oce, under the 
directioa of Mr. Wjatt, tbe decoration of 
tbe boildiog sloDc coitiog 94.0tH)/. Tbe 
premiaea ire held under three leagaa, for 
lErma which expire at Michaelmai, l))6lt> 
■C ■ ytarlj rent of 1.400/., and areiniured 
b; tbe yaaar at the lam uf II.OOO/, a 
cOTcaant in the lease alao compelling tbe 
leaaee for the time being to insure in a 
tbtther tam of 6.000J. Tbe first offer for 
tbe leaae wu 1.(100/., and eTcntually tt 
wu knocked dom for 3.900/. 

The ancient Cbapel at Singtland, op- 
porile the toll-bar, haa been remoTed b; 
tbe aanction of the goierDors of Bartholo- 
mew's Uospitil. It was of imall liie, 
and ia represented by an engifting in 
WilkinK>o*s '- Louclina Illustrala." 

Julif 5. A temporary Chnrcb erected 
on the eatate of the Marqueu Camden, in 
Cantelowe't road, Camden-*ilbia (near 
the spot on irhich it is intended to build a 
pennaoeal Chnrcb as 1000 aa tbe fands 
can be ablained}. vaa opened for Divine 
acrrice. The He*. A. R. Thomas, for. 
Rierlj tbe anistani Minister at Percy 
Chapel, Bedford'aq., is appointed. Only 
fiva waekt before the spot was a piece of 
gican award. The Chnrch is capable of 
■ 'ig 700 perse ■ ■ 



d for 



aiingal 



lifhling with gas when oeceaaary. 
bew crtoted by Mr. Peter Thompaon, of 
Ltnehotise (laclnding the walla now re> 
^[illreil by the new Building Act), at tbe 
CDM of kw than 400/. Upwards of 3,000/. 
M ilrMdj anbicribcd for the pennanont 



191 

church, bat tbia is only one-half of the 
amount rvqoired. 

July 'J. The new Church of All 
Sainta, 5/. Jolin't Whoii. was ronserreted 
by the Biahop of London. It ia altunted 
on tbe Finchley-road, nearly oppofite to 
(he Eyre Arms TBTcm : and is a atone 
bnilding of the early Gothic character. 
Tbe Eaatern window ia of atained and 
ground glaaa ; the reading deak and pul- 
pit of oak. caned by the machine of Mr. 
T. Pratt, of Bond-ntreel. The pewa are 
of deal, ramiabed and paliBhed. There 
■re 1,900 siltinga. of whjch 400 are free. 
There is also a handsome organ. Mr. T. 
Uttte ia the architect. 

Tbe pictureaque domaia of Whilfaifhit, 
forruecly the teat of the late Duke of 
Marlborough, was submitted to public 
competition by Mr. P. Chinnock. on Jnly 
9, at (he Kailway Hotel, Reading. The 
whole estate, including the Botanical and 
American Gardena, and Wildemcsa. form. 
ing more than 384 acres, was first offered 
in one lot, but no sufficiently enterpriung 
capitalist was met with. Ttie property 
was then put up in 61 lots. Tbia division 
is eipected to lead to the erection, by the 
several pnrchiiers, of detached Tilla resi. 
dences. The Wildemcsa, compriaing 35 
acres in eitent, was disposed of in one lot, 
and will, conseqneatly, for the present 
remain entire. Some portion of the laud 
sold realised from ISO/, to 200/. pet acre. 

Tbe mines of tbia County employ one- 
fourth part of the entire population, and 
produce tbe larger half of all the raelals 
raised in the kingdom. The wages paid 
from the copper mines alone exceed 
500,000/. annually, and tbe mineral 
produce is of the yearly lalue of 
1,^00.000/. The steam .enginm employed 
at the TariouB mines consume annually 
80,000 tons of coal, Mr. Treffry, the 
largest single mine-owner in the county, 
in hie eiteniive mining and other works, 
has 7000 persons receiting from his em- 
ployment their entire support. The mine- 
ral produce of the county is not, howecer, 
the only one which adminiatert largely to 
the wants of man, and supports a hardy 
population. Tbe fisheries, situate on the 
son tb- coast, principally at Looe, Polperro, 
Meragissey, Port Looe, Falmoulb, and 
Mount's Bay, and on tbe north coast 

60,000, OtiO per annum, or 91,000 hogs- 
heads of pilchards — while last season pro- 
duced 100,000,000; and, singuhir a* it 
tmay appear, tbia liah ui not caught in any 
other ipot than round the Cornish coast. 
The price aferaget from Is. tu Is. 6d. for 



192 



Protrineuil inUUigtnrt. 



[A.*. 



126; thcT ve > CiTourile tooA in the 
•Oanty, uid »tr cared lu;^!; for aipor- 

I tibon 1 the priocipBl market a Italy. 

r Two tlioosuid tons of mackerel are taken 

I tif time Giheriei annually. 



/wu 30. A new Cbutch al Vpptrbj/ 
wu conMcnted by the Lanl Biabap of 
Ifce diocne, and Ibe next itj bi« lardibip 
MDKcnted BtHieieJt C'hnn^. which bii 
jaK been ntntilt and enlarged. 

A recnmbent dSfjr of the port Sonthey. 

aecnted io marble, bj Mr. Lough, or 

Neweutle. bai' beeo pUwd ia Cnu- 

tkieaUt Cburdi, it the eipenK of Jame* 

I Stanger, eiq. The coitume ii a pUia 

fftWD or academical robe*. Tlie rigtal 

, Eind reiti an a Tolnme hj hi) lide ; the 

\ ii placed DD hi* breajil. Tbi> i> the 

I Wrd monument erected to the meniorf 

I «r the Poet, there being ■ btut in Briitol 

I taUiedrd, and another in (he Poet's 

I Corner of Wettminitet ■bbej'. 



quind for the adUitioiul defeao* U TD> 
harj Fort5033-paaiidenaf M ewt. Mch, 
□a carriigrt with dauf tianning plat- 
rormf. and 19 32-iioaiu)er> of 33 cwl., «n 
iron carriages, making ■ total of 69 ad- 
diliaaal gnu for Tilbnry Fort. 



UofW. TheuevebarcliDrSt. Matthew, 
, at Ootporl, wti ooiuecrated bj the Lord 
I Biihop of Winchester. This edifice hu 

V been rviicd principaltr b; the eieniDui 
I flf the lUiho|> of Oiford, at ■ co«t of 
l'5,0D0/. ; it conUini BUO aittinn, the 
I whole of which are free, the cburch being 

Y endowed with ISO/. ■ jreu from the Elccle. 
f itaaticalComtaiiiiloa.aDd&OJ. ■ jrear from 

**e Rector; of \lrentoke. 



The new fortificition* at Oropttend, on 
the lite of the bar^nl-Eronnd of the 
ehantrr erected bj Ajmer do Valence, are 
rapidlf procepdiag. The men, whilit ei- 
earating, a (ew wecka aincfl, for Ihe faun- 
datioD* of the msgaiine in the centre of 
the fort, diicoTe red many of the tkeletoni 
of ila former occnpanta. The original 
cbapel, thoDgh caaed o*er with modern 
brkk-worh, ia itiil itandiug. It ii now 
DODTorted into tlie militarj' hoapilal. In 
the reccDt alierationi neeetauf to auch 
conTcMion, partitiona, So. were remoted, 
which then JeTcloped ita original «hape ; 
<t waa !,9 feet long and 17 feet 7 inchei 
in breadth, within the wait*, and was 
covered with a eovcd roof, probably origi. 
naltjr lined with boarda. The height of 
the edifice from the floor to the bigheat 
prant of the core was about 16 feet. For 
the additional defeucei now constmcting 
at Grafeaend there will be required 15 32. 
poundera of 56 cwt. on carriages with 
dwarf trareniiig platf.irmi. On the op- 
poaiie ahore of the Thiuiea the fortifica- 
tioni are likewiie being grealljr increaaed 
and slrengtli'ned, and there »ill be re- 
10 



June i,i. A new Cbnrch ercvud at 
SIvorlh, Dear the Saodbacb atalion npon 
(he Manchester and Birmingham Railway , 
waa I'oiiaecrated by the Idrd Hiahop or 
CheMrr. John Latham, eiq. of Bradwell 
Hall, bat btnia liberal contributor to the 
fundi for iti erection, a* were alao Cbarlea 
Ingram Ford, ttq. Mra. Ford, and the 
Miasei Ford. The «ile wu giTeo by the 
Uniiersity of Cambridge, and the dia- 
Irict attached to the Church cotnpriM* 
portiona of the pariihei of Saadbach and 
Wumingham ; the Vicar of the former 
and the Rector of the latto- joititlf pt«. 
Tiding the endowment. 

Jane ^6 & ii. Three new Chnr^n 
were cnnseciated near Manrknltr, bj the 
Lord Biabop of Chester. St. John'i, 
Lontngkl, has been creeled by the Man- 
cheater and Eccles Church Building So. 
dec;, and coat upwards of 4.(H>0i. Mra. 
Marshall, Miu Manliall, and her brother 
Mr. Manball, of Penwortham Hall, con- 
tributed Urgeii tonardi the endowment. 
The RcT. J. Dobie ii appoioled incnm- 
bent Thia church ia in the Early-En- 
glish style of archilectnre ; and conuata 
of a ehanoel, naTe. and aiales, ■ sooth 
porch, and a tower and apire at the aoath- 
weat angle. The raat windows of the 
chancel and the south aislet are filled 
with stained gtaaa, made by Mr. Wille- 
mcnl, of London. The glass in the chan- 
cel windaw is the gift of Mlas Marshall, 
and containa reprcHntatian* of ■ number 
of the aaini*. That in the aisle window 
it theiotal gift of Miss Marshall and her 
brother Mr. William Manball. The 
architect wat Mr, J. E. Gregan, wboee 
original deaign hat been coDndersbtf 
altered during the progreas of, the work*, 
particularly by the addition of a clerC' 
story. The second Church, ereclsd by C. 
T. Wortley, esq. in Plilt-Une, Ruthiitmr, 
baa coal 3,600(, The Rb». J. Corrie is 
appointed incumbent. St. Slfphen's, 
AKdaahaiB. ha* cD<t abont 2,400/., the 
site being given by the Earl of Stamford 
aud Warrington. 



May IS. The estate of Oatandf, which 
wat, for iO years, the favourite reaideoce 
of bit Royal IligUness the lata Duke of 
York, and was latterly in the oocupation 
of Mr. Hughes Ball, wat diipoMd of by 
tufUt'ii by Mr. Driver. The eilatc eom- 



1S46.] 



', Pr^fritiieufn, iJfc, 



19; 



rriieil llie muiiicHi, park, pli-juure*grotind, 
aerenl freehold farma aud vitU rui- 
dencM, &c. consiitiDg at 87S actca, tbe 
trtiale ia tbe parish of WilCati. being 
tithe-frec. The rstale vu divided into 
M lota i of Ibis, 335 acres waa appor- 
tioned for boildiog aitej, and b< tliese 
abatted apon the line af tbe South U'ea- 
Mnk Railwaj the land fetehed high prices, 
aieragiiig above lOOi. an acre. The whole 
ptopertj produced S4,lSSf., which was ei- 
diuive of the timber, [bat was valued at 
aboot 6112/. The manor of BrScel and 
Wejbridge, icliicb exteudi about )U mil^s 
la drcnmlcirence. and the manor of Wal- 
ton Leigh, were ivilhdrawD. 



A very handiome Pountiia his been 
erected npou the Sleine at BrighloH by 
pablic labecription, through Ilie perie- 
veriog e«rlioaa of Mr. Cordj Burrom, 
a joung lorgeon resident upon the spot. 
Iti total height ii about 33 feet. The 
reaervoir ia &0 feet in diameter, and about 
three feel deep. Pram the centre of the 
reiervoir some roek-woik risn, on which 
are inlertvined three dolphias, cast from 
a model eiM-uted by hlr. Pepper, a reti- 
dml artiit. These dolphina are seven 
feet high, and iheir taila form a platform 
tot the lower baUn, wbich ii twelve feet 
4 tiifl. In diameter, and three feet G inc. 



deep. A pcJettal rising ftoto thia si 
porta the upper baaiu, wbich JB nine teel 
in diameter, and above ttii* ia a vaae, 
which forma tbe upper jot. li was tbe 
general impression that this founuin ia 
very superior in effect to those erected bf 
Government in Trafalgar Square. The 
encloaurea of the Stcine have been laid oM- 
in gravel-walks and aveoues of treei, to 
torre«pond with the Fountain. 



J«M If.. Th 
with a rental of 
by Mr. Robbs, 
51,800 guineaa. 
chaser. The pr 


great Willaihall ettaU. 

l,S50i. aycar, •aaiold 
at the Auction-mart, for 

Lord Craven ia the pur- 
ee it equal to 331 yem' 




wtLCa. 


Joseph BaiW, esq. M.P., of Glanu.k 
Park, firecknockihire, has become lh« 
purcbaaer of the Langutd Caille estate, 

with the rest of that gentleman-s property 



couniy, I 

joining one of Radnor. Theae pnrchasei, 
bciidea the manor and two advowsoni, 
comprise upwards of lii Ihouiand aorea 
of enclosed freehold land, in addition U> 
the hill property, estimated at from twelve 
to sixteen thousand acrea. 



PROMOTIONS, PREFERMENTS, &c. 



l^cer Aiooct, esq. to be Major. 

Am 10. Wcitmlniler Hiliiia, Major E. K. 
BacM to be Lieut. -Colonel. 
Jw M. Pint We.t York Militia, Lord 
" - - - -.Commander. 

»- Earl of West more- 



XBigM 6i»d Crmb of the Dalb'Husi 
MOnMe Order. 
JmmeV. Charin Phillip*, eaq.bai 

lair, 1A )V nni> nrihA rTnn<ni»«nn»< 

Urid 



Ivenl (Mjlora, in the nwrn of 
esq. apnloted Chief Joalice of 

A*f M. CttntOB George Davrkins. eaq. to 
btOMunl General la Ike lombanlo- Venetian 
JIata asd the Autrlan Terrilaries on ilie 
AdilMle^Jaiiwt Macanlay Blegmmo, esq to 
be Ooternor and COmaander in Chief of An- 
tlMa. Hoataerrat aad Barbada, 91. Chriaio- 
Jfa. Knfa, AncuUla, the VItrd Islaaili, and 
DoBlak*.— M^-Gaaenl Sir John Uariey, 
ILC.B. to be Ueat-Oovaruor of Nova Scotia. 
— BonI ArtiUerr, Capl. and brevet Major Ar. 
dribaM While HQBelo)wUeul.-Col.-^Roval 
EMwen. Ueat.-Calonal Kdwanl Mataon to 

Ga-iTT. Mao. Vol. XXV. 



lo'S; A^T." " 

Jane IT. Lord Fraiicii Egerton created 
Vlacouni Bracktej, of Brackley. co. North- 
amplon. and Karl of Elleamere, of Elleamere, 
CO. Salop. —To be BaroneU of the Ignited 



KlDirdum : The Right Hon. Tluimaa FianUiind 
Lei^i. of HarptoncDon, co. Badnor ; Job- "' 
oicraet I'akinglon, of Weatwood-part, t 



John Gladstone, ot ?! 



iq.L John ( 
o. Kincardli 



Hogg, or upprr Groavenor-al. Middleaei, 
e*q. 1 Willlaoinilden, of FeniBcawles,ca.L>a- 
eisler, es<|. ; William Veiner^ of Venier'v 

ClllTe-lHlge,' i'l 

Marqueaaof L._„.._ . . . „ . ._ 

of ScoiUnd — Mafor-Oen. Sir Patrick B . 

G.C.M.G. to beOovemorof SI. Helena.— Wm. 
That. Deniaon, eiq.Capt. K. Rng. to be Llenl.- 
GDvemor of Van Uiemen'a Land.— "" "- 



lolphui 1 .- — 

uI.-GoTernor of NenlOundland.— Hnrrdl 
binson Roblnaon.esq. to lieSeeond As^taiit 
Teyor of the Cape of Good Hope.— Daniel 



root; John RbkIuiiI BoiTlb, IStb Lan- 
MniCliriatoplicrOodbir,Mlb Bcual N.tnr. ; 
(Ariilapti«r bixoa Wllkinwn, OM Bwunt N. 
Inf ; Robrrl Adriu Stedmaa, mBengtlCav ; 
Nlcholu Vtanr. «»■ B«anl K. Inf ; JoIib 
Jtrmatmnt TboidiMOn, Sid B«n|nl N. tar. i 
Utnry Joba Want Btiml An. i Juna Aki- 
■Ddar, BtnnI Art. | JOMpb Nuti, Urd Btnpil 
Ujtbt Inf-i Joba TbMpbiloi l^ne, Bmgil 
An. I Hrnn UaoWamerx I^wrencc, Bmg*! 
Art.i Frederick Abbotl, Ucnnl Rns.; a«r(» 
9<mwn UoreiuaB, Bnol Arl.i ud Kiijar 
Henry fonUr, Cemaundlnc Ibe 3bsli*w»tl»e 
Brind*. M be OoatpwOaiu o( th> P"" 

Ja» W. Rarll Artnic 

O. Power to be CoIoimIi 

Lania Snllb. to b« LiniI.-Ciilond. 

./i^lil. LicDl.-CotoMii Henri D«pird,<l 



W/m«.i(#, iVc. [A.rg. 

M. A. and the Rev W. Hve. M.A. lobrChip- 
Itlnsto lb* r>KH.— HoaplUI BUir,9Bi»oaJ. 
M-Andrn, U.D./nnn Ibe «aih Foot, lobe SMff 
9unt«in or the llnl clua. 

fiilr 8. Tb« lUihl Hen. Sir John Cam Kotb 
boDie, Bvt. to be^er Malnlir's ConDlaalDner 
for Ibe AOklraof India.— llie Maniueaa QfAa- 
Kkaf y, K O. ud G.C B. to be Master acDenl 
at Ibe Ordnance ; Colonel C, K. Fdi. to b* Sar- 
nyof of iheOrdnancai asdColOMl tb* H». 
Geo. Anion, dert or Uie Ordaance^— CtMrtea 
Duller, ewi, to be Advocate-Gen eial.— Burl 
Sucncer, Uird Edward O, F. Howard, and the 
fUcM Hon. ThooiM Hllner Olb«n, (Worn of 
the l-rirr Coundl. The RmcUI Hon. T. H. 
Qibwn, Id beVice-Preaidenl ol the Uoanlof 
Tr«le. 

JnfrlO. Mlh Foot, brerel Lieut.-Col. H. S. 
OnnandIobeLieiit.-CalOBeli breinM^arJ. 



Pool, and Robert Hrnry Wrnianl, Mib Fool 
(0 be Companiana Of the B*tb. _ 

' ifjrl. Tlie ManiiMsa of U ' 



Woodt - , 

tenbaai to be Lord Hlirli Cbaueellori the Earl 
or Hlnto, Keeper or tbc PrivY Seal i Rarl Grrt, 
VlKonnl Palowraton, asd Ibe Xlrtal Hon. Sir 
Oeonte Qny. But. to be (brae or Her Ha- 
]*«»><> Prtadpal Secntaifea oT SIttej tbe 
ItlCfat Hon. (WiM Wood, Ckancellor and 
Under Treaasrtr of the Kicbaqneri Iha Bart 
of BHboriHiifi, lieuleoanl-Genenl and Oe- 
mnl-Gofonor vt rreland ; Ilie Bart or Glarcn- 
doa.PreaklaBlorth>UDBaaliiMofCoancllfcr 
Trade and Fsrelga nanlatkiwi Lord Cavp- 
balt, CbwK^tor of Ibe Oucby or Lancaaler; 
bom Joba Htuaell, ibe tUght Hon. Cbarte* 
Wead.Vlaeomi Bbrlaftm, ibaOVoaor tMn. 
Wllllan GlbaoB Cfa%, ea*., and Kanrr Kleh, 
*eq. to be CooiBUetOBera ur the Treaaarir i ib« 
RIfbl Hon. Fox Manle. Secretary at Wan 
Andrew Ralberraid, eaq. Advocate for Scot- 
land) aad Tlioaiae Maftland, eaq. SuKdUr- 
tleatrallbrSoOtland; Ibe Kei. John MacLeod, 
to be one of ber M*J«*lir'* iBapecloca of 



TO be Under SeiretirlM of Statr— Horn* 
Deuartmenl. Rl. Iton. E.i. Stanley i Forelfn. 
Hr W. Saaierrille, Bart, i Colonist, Benjanla 
Ham, ewi. H.F. 

To be Jolnl Sec retariea of the Treaiury,— 
John hrker, eaq. and H. Tufnell, eaq. 

To be Secretarr or Ibe Adm trail r,—tl. O. 

Tnbe SeeretaHea lo the Board of Control,— 
O. S. Byni, eaq. and T. Wyie, esq. 

PrlTale Secretarlrs.-Sir Denli L* Marchanl 
and tbe Hon lleorie Krppel to l.ord Jolin 
Rueaelli Cap), ibe Hon. Urey to Earl Grey t 
a C. ComwaU. eaq. lo tbe Marquea. of Clan - 



ElilSd- 



1. K N.. Lord Job 



CoiDptroUeri Karl Forieec 
Lm? Alfred Faiel. to be 



Lord MarcD* Kill. 
Luid Steward; 



.. . Richard Moore, 

»q I Coiiaiei to Governaeat. JohnHatcbell, 
eaq. Q.C.i Under-Secretary of State, T. S. 
BedlncUn.raq. 

Kouaebold of the Lord Lleatenant of lt«. 
liwh Mr. Priltle lo be Chiniberlalni Capl. 
William*, Conlmller of tbe HouMboldi Hal- 
thew Forteacue, eu. to be Mailer of llie 
HoiM! Mr. Malor. Gentleman at Lirsej aad 
lo be Aldea-de-Camp, Capt. Bacol. Flrel 
A.D.C. 1 lion. Captain Daly, Lord DnnkelUn, 
and Mr. PoBionliy (paid), Capl. Bernard, LorU 
MoDDtcbarlea,anJ Lord KiUlan (unpaid). 

Natal PaoMonriHa. 
./ineM. With referena to the difpatchea 
received from New Zealand, Coram, f- '-- 



Worker oT Her HiUeaty'B Mint : and the Rl(ht 
Hon.llHMaaB Bablnjtton UicanUy.l^maater' 
Oaneral.— Henry Janiei Ptrry, esq. Btniater- 
at-Liw, WbeoiKoribeConimlHlDner* to act 
)n the proaecDtion of Bau In bankraptcy (at 
Llrerpool).— Mtb F»nl, Capt. O. M. Tew bb« 
MalBr.-BreTel. to be Melon In the Anny, 
C>M. H. S. Bowan. R. Art., Capt. C. Lewi*. 
80th Foot, Capt. H. Haieon, Mtb Fool, C^pt. 
A. W. Reed, BWb Fool, Capt. K. Denny. Mtb 



lalD.CeBenI to the Forcea i the Rer. C. Om 



way, Maxnli FBlro 
Ecerlaa. In he Comi 
Darid Loch and Mr. 
paaaiof tbe required i 

fyU i. With refrrei 
at l^nla Obllndn, tbe 
hate been nude, dated 
day of the action 

br 

£.... ,- -._ . 

phln, twins tl" <»"')' *■■'• fns»(*l " 



Rob. Jocelyn (M- 
1, ana Charlea Kandle 
landera; and Mr. Wm. 
[ieorre Don Mdiray (On 

tamrutlanB)tobrLieB- 

» the rn(a(cnienl 

inwinr ntmnothm* 

V. IS«4, tbe 




1646.] Pffftr, 

fDtcCvTolii.J. DgOll. 



«Sufl^r'.f 



^fyai^nwiiM.— Rnr-Adm. 8. H. Incklli^ld 
CB. to b« OenBUUlH'-iD-Cliier Id th« Eai 
bdl*^— Oapuini, Sir T. [Irrtwrt. K.C.B. t 
■cfhJ B«r-Adm. liuioleli] in •Cat nnniciu 
K BmUai ud Sir H. HoiHun lo comuiin< 
•■ Ob cout of AMu— CommiDdPO. J. B 
Ota 10 tb> SphTDI. W. Bll>> lo me Alert, H 
J.Oaulu to Ihe PiBUIoan, J. B. Boolfl L 
Ow lMuinblli». A. Slide ■•> Ihe Rfcniit, C 

Jahnsm Id niiniLsnd Ihe Comel. C. G. Bin 

nuHttcrvt in Partlaminl. 

[weal R-cl<c(iiMU ir* ■olli 
Mritd.) 

CirtM- C(. Wm. BanbDiT M'CUalack, t** 
~ " T, M»flH[nl,*n. 



Mr. Jeremiah Uwen, I. . . . 
Meula tar her H^Ht;'! UoFkinRlB, iritb a 
nliry ofMW. 

Her. H.N. Bamm*, Ube Hod Huur of 
Decclti School. 



IT SchiMt w Oakhui. 



BIRTHS. 



:*"2ii^i 



'^) 



niu. 



Hduw, VoHuti. Ibe «i/e of ji 

r»q. awn and heir.^^14. Al innuaii naii* 

Tarkm. Mr*. Charles WUIoiuFbhT, & acw. 

- h Hall, Y^ik. the wire ot 

- —IS, AtWIn- 



1*. Ai'Thorp Arch Hall, 1 
Randall HatBeld. aaq. ao 



ir«M«f*r. SirDeaia 



BCCLXBIAHTIIIAI. pKEreRllES-TS. 

I*T. J. T. Barclay, Kes Church of SI. Simon 

P.CBriiUL 
Rev. H. J. Bmnltn, Cbarlu Chapel P.a Fly- 

te>. R. D. BDllrnitr. Eulon R. Hand. 
ItT. B G. Carr. St. Heleo P.C. Laac. 
'V. CocUlt. Upp«rbT F.C. Cumb. 






T, tbewitCofupt. WigTaai^CDldalieam 



milt ell 



vt lETaD, iJDUiaRvam 
Um Old Palace, Udi- 

..„„ ...^ 



Rev. T. Dak, SU Pi 



Bar. H. Edoanla, j 
Ror. E B 



. Church.SUDnlan B. 



r Harrj Deoltiorini, 

'At Etna Collen. the wl'' -^ 
Ibe R«. John WiUiiai Htntrcy, a aon 
13. At Bdlaburgb, the Udy Jane Jahai 

DaciKlu,aWD. 34. Al Park Hoase, 

MaidstDBe, Iht wUeol 8. J. Liuhinglon, 
a dau.— Al DDDCistcr, Ihe Hon. Mrs Holi 

a dan. The •!(« of ibe Rev. J. Faws 

Rector ol Waddiogwarth, a »n and btir. 
U. Id HiU-atrect, Berktki.aq. Itie wll 
Commander GeoiR Hope. ILN. adan.— 
AiiBfi)nl,SDaa«, Ibeolreof J. W. H. At 
r«t. a dau. — M. At Chnl«-H. London 

HtiB. Mis. Huaicy, a son and htir. ». 

Warbome, near Ljminglon, Ihe wife of t 

Rlielt C^mac. Bart.ason. M. The I 

Mr^. Adolphus Udilfll. 1 



Lalilf. 



B». C. CinSn, 
Ber. O. llnA. t 
- W. C Ids 



aseloe R. Warw, 
wick K. Nonhnmb. 
7re>l OeorrbT V. Line. 



ible Archdeacon PblUpolls, a daE 



t«*. ft.J*|PW*,Oran*fnd B. Keol. 



>•«. F, J. Manning, Church of St. Juha 

Brunlial. hraiey P.C. Torkah. —a. ,a i,n« 

Ibt. J. C. MillfT.at. tIarKD'a R. HiriDintbani. K^de-paiii, Ihe 

Xer. D. a Unon, SL Andno's P.C. BlrmiDff. — - ■- — ■ 

ReTr"!^. N»hUdk, M. Paul's Church, Weraiih 

P.C. Cheshire. 
Ber.T.O. Nicholas, WestHolesey P.C.Sorrey 
B«T. H. NWiolls, Payemburv V. Ue.on. 
RcT. O. nuilB^ SaadOD R. bsei. 
%tT. i. Ban*, Al™ - - - 



I, London. Lady Rolwit Oroavi 

sons. In Eatoo-plact, Mrs. I 

a dau.~At the fteclorr, Barton Sea- 

•, tht wife of Ihe B*v. C. sconford. ■ son. 



wire of c. R. 

- 'n PMk. 
■onor, 0' 
Kopkin 



Be*. C. Sada, Bad Gamoo V. Brrks. 
R*T. T. T. Bajeh, Newbann B. Sasaei, 
Ka*. T. BltBlooTflolf TiiQlly alth t4i. Pcler' 




. The * 

•birth Hra7Wil(irahwn TaU«Dadie,*»a: 

Al No. 90, BeKent-alreet,Mn. John Bcau- 

iDOUt, a dan. At BarlOrd, BHdnwater, Iha 

CoBnlessDfCanin.ason. — -t. AIlheManor- 

bouse, Kortb Hulah,tbewitt of Thomas Klnf. 



t Roaiere. Niton, lale of 
Wlibt, Ibe wife of Albert HambnwEli, esq. a 
dan.— B. At Ihe PalaceorNeDilly, Her Bi^ 
H ic hness tbe Princess A aputs of saie CobaiK- 
Gulba, (Princcaa aemeaiine, cf Orlcani) > 

dau. Al 3nsaaa..place, Hyde-park Gardent, 

U ra. abee. a son. B. la Tiloei-itreet, lb* 

CoUDtesa Ntiaon, a dan. 10. In Gnayaooi'- 



MARRIAGES. 

A'dr, 4, \Hi. Al St. Georra'a, BtoODsburv, 
the Rei. P. H. BnfitrMi, Vicar of Utile 
Bcdwyo, Willi, to Eliii. dau. of ihe 1e*< 
Gwrp KllinoF. fsq.ofBalcnirn, ro. AbridccB. 
and Woburh-pl. 



i 



VtiiUoa, to~BUiBbcit_ 

t lEe Uli B. Rndd, nq. of Uuton ii 

land. At et. Grone'a, HinovEr-ag. JataD 

Harimlrk. «q. of (>H]rnbni, HcrelWd, to 
Emma, dan. otOie bM Mr. Htrdwiek, cT S«w 

Band-(t. Al Loutb, WUUam, ddMt *an of 

Hr. Wm. £iur, mercluiDt, to Charlolte-Mary, 
lounieil daa. of Ibe Ute Otetgt 3aarl. oq. 

LoalG. At RocliBltr, IHomas Hrnnltajia 

Ikv. cm. ot FriDrtibnry, Kent, 10 Boirn*, ir- 
rand diD.of Ibe late Cat ClurkaCoi Bingfiam, 
RoTil Art. and ennddau. of Ibe iBle Richard 
NnriiuD, era. or MelrainlM-BlDrliain, Oonet. 
iff. Tbe He*. CharlBi D. Cnfii. ol Malllnf- 
boaw, near Lfwei, to Harriet, tecoad diu. of 
the late Jamn Incirun. F*q. of Adn, Sueiei. 

Al Hampstrnd, ibe ReT. WitUam Darwin 

FtJ, Rector of Drlimne, Chnb. to BUen. 
Sopbli, third dan. of Baill OeOiEe Woodd, 

nq, of HilUetd, tlampsMad. At Hendan, 

H, R. RnpasMiiJan. es(|. of Upper llarlej-al. 
Ca(mdlb1i-tq. la Charlotte- Ann, eldnt daa. 

of B. W. Bullock Webaler. of Hendan. 

At 91. HarTlebone, Robert AtdrUgt. esq. lata 
Capt. Iq her Ual»ty'> U(h Royal BilTca, to 
rufrla, fbanh dau of the Ute Uand Veiner, 

«>q, Al Great YannoDtli, Cant. BpvMt, 

4sn Rett. Drasal N. I. eMmt Wn of t^e lata 



mu Tbamton, e»q. of ComuollDOBle, and 
oe^evoftheRt. lion. Sir Bdnid Tbamton. 
Q.C.B. to rraona-Sirah, eldest dau, of hia 
EicellnicT Major Liirren™ Gneme, Lienl- 
OoT. of Tubuo. 



I, Robert, third MM of 0«o. 



Dmiaaeri, eaq. of Oiftird. to Dorotbea, eldeat 
daa.ottbeUlelobn Fnllbrd, eaq. of Milnian-M. 
- — ^At Saddlewinrlli, the Rev. J. Bowomq J*r- 



ntr, H.A. of Caioi ColL Cambridn, t 

lolle-Jalla. Iblrd dan.of tha laloTUr. ft. H. 

Wbilelnck, M.A. of Uocola Coll. Oibrd. 

At DordwMer. Capttfa OldMil, Bennl Eor- 
eldHtMMiOfCalone)Oldleid,of6ld4tlrlUwn, 
in Baaaei, to J>Be, onljr daa- of fHirlstapher 

Arden, mo. of Dorcbatn'. At 81. ntocrM, 

' ' Ba—aU. ewi. lurEMin. P.L.S. of 

1. NotUojtHill. laPanny-AugDiU, 
l>n ComiD, eiq of Bmxcllea, and 

if the ConnteM it" — 

daa. of Mr. Georfc mi- 



norland Vll- 



Mr- Sergeant Rankle, to Clemratlai-LoulBi, 



-b Rett. DcMl N. 1. 1 

■ " — eani Spankle, to uemr 

1. of Mortlnck Lacsn. eaq.~ 

Jobn'a. Hampateod, Dirlitopber,cIdeat aon of 
John Ctteiliirt, esq. of Hirlfbrd, Cbahln , to 
FinnT. Mrand daa. of Jonathan Pliillipi, eaq. 

OardnDT IIubbc. HamHtead. Al Chapel 

Llanllltemr, BitraniufiMHH. ch]. ofCMIpyll, 
(OUrlh HO orthelateSylvinoa Howell, eiq. or 
HOrft, Id the co. of Cardinn, to Iriicy-Ann, 
Toniweat dan. of Rtan Hopkln, eaq. of Trnawr, 
Kewundn, Glamornoib. — At Hnrnlty. Br- 
naM £t^ no, late Capt. sib (KlDi'a) Rest, 
nacftbe late Sir Tbomaa Uiie. H.N. k C^. 

■ " " "■ laic John OrMU' 

' fiDiurilAncaablre. 

I. the Rev. RIdiard Cox, 



Dotonah. 

loan Gnatda. 

dau. of the late LhOi. sicpnca rvamrar. ui ut\ 

aoilch Vaalller Ooarda. Al Stoke ncwtni- 

ton. Sdwud QteMMSa. MQ. of Rugby, to If ary, 

dan. of the IM* Capl. nUan, Royal Nanr. 

At All BoBla, Idniham-pl. the tte*. J. Vivlaa 
nwaia. H.A. Rrclor of Oirdynhaa, Comnll, 
lo Harrletto-Maria. eMeit dan. and co-hrireu 
of the Ule WIUUdi RoUiiK>a Hill, eaq. of Ca)^ 

intlicoack, Gomwall- Al Bl. Paacai, John - 

Haaptr, m, of lhirti<a.ciwa<!. to Hra. /aoea, 

widow of Capl. Janwi, (ff Ham Common. 

At fti. Pancraa, CAiarlea John Bin]rM, eaq. 
»f Corpus Cbrlill doll. Cbmbridie, and 



^IMaHB. of Bwthorpe, Varksh to Katberlne, 
ttrand lUiu. or the Ute Rot. T. C Rndilon 
Read, of HaytDn, In the But RidlM, and Ule 

of Prtcktry Hall, Dooeaim. Al. St. Jamea'a, 

Pteadilly, Bdward i.*^, of the Ume*, Lrwla- 
him. Rest, toManr-Anae, eMealdan, of Rnljl. 
Dewy, eaq. CotlKlor of Her H*]ei»'a Cna- 

lona, BhorehiD, Soaaei. At St. Groire'i, 

Hanover tq. Jamea Joeeph Paver. Eaq. U.D. 
of Maldtione, Kent, 10 niia, yonnml dau. of 

Hanliu Pope, nq. of Pant. At Corfu. Tboi. 

Winimi] ffrsOA^iq. only child of WiTliam 
Hvnn.. csf|. M.P to Mary, eldest dan. of Thoa. 
Jotm ijinbnrnc. esq, Secrelary to tbe Senate, 

Uirfu. At llrtirtiion, John Lyon ««™ih1 •nn 

of tVllliBni Atatndrr, ew]. U-D. _„, 

Lanmh. to Jane, eldest daa. of Mr. John Ba. 
nialer, of the Royal Ualhi. Urlahlon. 

U. AtSt^mey,Ruhnt/'N#A,eH|. of dap- 
ham COmmnD. lo Uary-Croaa. dau of tbe late 
Rey. George WilUams, M.A. Of 8t. Anno'a, 

Umehqnw. At Bl. llarr'a, Hryaoaton-iq. 

HsnryTharaaa,ddeBt aon of the Ute Thomaa 
Hiurp. eaq. R.N. of Akvater, WarwMish and 
grandson of tlwUle 9ir Henry Wakeraan, Bart, 
of Perdliwell Hall, Woreealersb. to Julia, 
yonognldaB. of the Ute Peter Hofman, eaq. 

H. At BdlDtiurgb, Oeorie C. Caften-, eaq. 
Hadna Kng- aon of ih* Ule Daniel Coiryer, esq. 
of NfCEon L>dce, lo Uary Forbea, eMeat dan. 
of llie Ule AleiaulerCbaDcelkir, eaq. of Shield 
Hiil, Lnnarksh. 

is. AlTobaiii, John Panl nafMlam. ai\. 



of Preston, G. Ord, 



-,. ... Bdiar R-(ciU«i, e_„ 

anrgeon, of Umiton, la Maria, yosnger dim. of 
the late Richard Heath, esq. of Kennlngtoa. 

At Amalerdam, the Rev, John Maedoaald 

JJrowi^ or the nalional Sraleh Cbnr^. Rol- 
tenUm, to Margaret, only dan. of Alexander 

Beaton, eaq. Rotterdam. At Bamley, Henry, 

•eeond son of Charles W*IU, esq. of ume-ii. 
to Rllea-Ann. eldest daa. of J. Duplale, esq. nt 
Itv Bank and Hsncbester. 

38. Al minnrley, Ctasries Fmlaet, eaq. of 
Ibe Inner Temple, to Anne Keliick, youiq(eit 
surviving ilsu-ofibe UleT. H. Vsnghton, eaq. 
and aliler d( A. Ashley Vaoghtun, eau. of 111- 

longley Lodge, Warwiekah. At Hieaeld, 

Hen ry-Tllib*ts, eldest son of Henry Aolafja, 
esq. of Lewlaham, Kent, la Jnne-lsabel, 
yonngest dan. ot tbe Ule Thoinis Dnnn, aaq. 

of Sbemeld. Al Brlgtalon, Tbonu Oftr, 

esq. of Hastlnn, lo Jeasle-KarT-Ano*, eldMt 
dau. of John King, esq. of LandOD. — -At St. 
Harv's, Bryiiwlon-sq. Harnr8t.awrgt Qnt, 
Royal Kngn. eldrat son of Ike Utt (Sot. H. 
" "rd, TiA. of DeileT, Kent. MJuHa- 



_._-,7ii»'i: 

r~~ ihlietborch, Middlesex, — 

•rard Mont, of Kcnnlngtnn, Sorgeon, son of 
SoDth Morse, esq, of atepney. to Bmliy-Han- 
nah, lUn. of the Ute Liiptoo Relft. esq. of 

Cambenrell. Al All Salnti, Poplar, George 

SerUsy, t*q. al Cambridge, lerr. Hyde ftA, 
to Matilda, ddesl dan. at FnuMU GsrCord, 
esq. of the Bast India-rd — Al Trinity Church. 
Dpper Chelsaa, the Rrr. WlllUm pUmtfiatitr, 
second son of the Right Hon. Bdward Knne- 
failier, to Anne, eldest dan at the Ute Geo. 

the Hob. John Brodiick. Ueut. Nonnan 

Chester JUrufnd; Seagal Ron. to Hirla-Iaa- 
hella, yonngest daa. of Ibe Isle J. Uniacke, 
esq. ol Boaghtcn llooae, Cbesh. and Relnwnl, 
Iklh. Al Branlrr, Kent, Peoall Jol ml Wl, 



K 



molDmiUlUtlK 



nST^a. of the BcT. 



_ 'tSaiBiiSS; 

IdBsdowD Quihlliif , Ulc Robert Georffc, eAi|. or RocbMtcr. — 



Iten Aur. h». «sq. i. _.. 

pMfc, to SnUB-Conlelli, third dia. of Col. 

ftaAamt C3. of Cuibcriud-terr. At 

Briitoo. Oovn DtHJfiuc, esq. of Golden-«(. 
<■ WiB«-IIii»*bt*b-ClenMPtln»,on]j (nnrivinc 
(MM >r Frucou ViBccnl lUrtiis i/erMa. nq. 

Of Lower TUlw HIH, Brtxtoa. At Lonr- 

barton, J. mui«u, eu. birristir-M-Iav, to 
i, Ibird diD. of J. Oodnio. i 



orie'i, UaDOTFr-n. J. B. P. Jtaicrf***, I 
_,. D.C.L. to Frinc»-Eliub«tll, din. 4r I 

JastphSladrn, ««. of Lrt, in KeoL At f 

Dorer, Ihs RcT. Hcorv lUtcIim Airfns, eldcat 
snrriTiiur wo of thf^te W. VUUera Surteci, 
«<|. or ilotlicr-hoaw, Rolhrrficld, Siuau. W 
Fnnm, rldctt^din. of the Mt aeury Fjgp 



._... _. J. Qodnio. eta. 

CtaerBftry, jAoitfl A. iUriibniif, e«q. uf RnHot 
Utr. Uwdon, ID iHtclK. eldnt diu. of B. 
CoJIIns, Esq. of Hucb Court Pirk, SomHisei- 

Jaat I. At Uld.l«, R, «. LmtraMct, tto. 
ILD. to Harr-BUubeth, daa. of Joatpb Gil- 
'-'-icwi-oT Whitcbid Honu, CBmberluid. 



tlBL Hkhwl'i at 



J. Taylor. 

Cut. Gnrve Ualtiei. R.N. 
■, (Idrit lUu. of Charles M. 
At Charlton Kiofi*. bailDr 
luried at the Catholic cli^wl 

R. WftmU, e«q. of Laoa- 

.a Praocn-Matla, accood dan. of 

.M UoB. Joba Rreraft Beat, of Ibc laland of 

UtfbadDB. con. J. J. iFCUetrtf, B.M. 

>M of Um ble Sr Robert U'dererly, C.B. to 
tobia, widoir of Comai. R. V. CuaveUiid, 
R.]ir. aad flttk daa. of tbe late Rev. Hobert 

Oiketor, D.D. of Oikeln, Shropsh. At 

BnoipUii, LieoL-ColooeT JoHph Darht. late 
■an) An. to France^ widov of 3. Face, esq. 

tl Uadley Uooae. MiddlCKi. lo Heverler 

u: — ■ — •i.»i...„ jM^^^M^^ f^_ Qg York, to 



flfld^rr, H.A. PerpeloaK 

Lewiihain. Id Ktinbelb, joongnl dao. of Ihl ] 
lale Joho dhuter, aa, — —At Hanmeriaiitli, 1 
tbe fief. T. r. AHHrJaiU, Vicar ci Chiawiet, ' 
lo Catheiine-Jane, widow of CuH. RlchaiA 
Crukrr, R.N. and eUait daD. of the late JohB 
.uurn. no;tuT Blaad, esq. of Hlandafbrt Uoius, QoKa'i Co, I 

h.toFrancn- Irebind. AtMaiaeilka,Archibald V.anM, ] 

Capi. Rdwanl esq. to Kmilj-JaDC, relict of lieDI.-CoL Ferrin 1 
— -ftwl. BIhid furRierlylYusnrerartbelidaadofMaiiriljB' ' 
-" — - - - --Hukrt Harborooib.Wm. ICarfa..* 



^ yaangest daa. 



Ill, Johu C- 



""^l h" 

muQds, Slanor-bODae, numptoa. 

9. At Watcot, the R«. WiUUm H 
Rector of Toddln^ton, Gloucestenh. It 
third daa. of the late Rev- Joha Slb< 
... .. ■ rofWelftrd,Berin.— ' 



or the Ida I 
Biai^. 



;1f, He: 



E(ord*b.ibeRe*.GeorgeA«U<r«( I 
Icoul, * 



ConeUt. second dan. of Capl. Henry G>» 

Konria, R.N. of Keblnte Bouae. Beverley. 

MMo«luitown,i««rbBblin,Joho " -' - — 



llM)ria,R.N.df Kel 
At Mottlutown, na 
•f Liverpool, to Harriet, 



ffirTliomas 

, of Mookstown. At Broadwater, 

rlaiMii. the Rev. Ulcbael Thomaa On Pre, 
Ihkd son of tbe Rev. Tbomaa Dn Pri, Rector 
sf WillaoKbbr.Liucolnih. to Sophia. Ibiril aod 
vpucal dao. of Iba Ute Rev. Frederic Gar- 
dloer. af Wadtmrtt, Sussex, Rrclor of LUn- 

itlberiw. Monmoothsh. At 81. Geprte'a, 

Umover-nq. C Sntley SHri<fl(. esq. Ibinfsou 
of the Ul* W. Jonfs Bardelt, esq. to UarrieC- 
KUialieth. yonn^est dan. of L. Ames, esq, of 
Hyde, aenft>rd»h.- — At Bricblon, tbe Rev. 
Frederic tjhaile) CaoA, one of Her M«irBt)'a 
iBspectors, to Jeuie-lUrbara, dau. of the late 
Aleunder Douglas H'Kenlie, esq. of Buiila- 
lon. Hants,— .MEdiolHirvbiAIeianderlfiMrD, 
ati. Jua Df CraiglDckbart, tale Capt. in tbe 
Rifle Bticaile. ii> Eliiabetb, second dao. of th« 
iBIeChuIn Uilfour Scott, esq. of Woll, Kox- 
banthth —At £i. Andnir's, llolbom, Joseph. 
Uasters. etdc-'t Mn of Joseph BiUl. esn. of 

S, At St. Marylebone, the Hon. OeorxeS, 
GritK of tbe Grenadier OoAnls, only son of 
Da. lard GouKh, O.C, B. to Jane, second dau, 
of llM lue Ocorge Aibothnot . esq. of Blderslie. 

Bairer, and Upper WlniMle-at. At St. 

KMfa, Btmls, ftdward WUIson Cnm, esq. 
«f Doelort' Commoiu, and Torringtoo-square, 

WEolio Day, esq. of SC Xeol'S. At SI. 

OMrn'*, BlDOBUbary, Robert Aleiander Alil- 
(Mtesq. of Gloocealer-terr, Hyde Park- 



t I>eptlbiil, I 
aama, tbM J 



_,. _. , , Kent, to Bioiiia, tbiid I 

dau, of KicbanI Edmonds, esq. Matcban. I 
>n, Hnotiajrdobshii" ' 



r. Hyde i 
.let Mile 



nnVt coq- 



Jaii.of 



son 01 Tbomaa Prothero. esq. of Malpaa Coul, 1 
UonmODtbsh. to Emma-Money, only dan of J 
the Hev. W. Monev Kyrle, oTHom Bouaa, 1 

Herefordsh. At dt. Geoi^'a, Haiiofer-aq. f 

VTilliam Henry Fowell Ooie i^/f «■, «sq. to I 
Lady Anna-BUia-Mary OrenvUle, only dau. of J 

lbs l>uke of Uuckincham and Cbandoa. U 1 

BIyth, Nolls, tbe Rev. Cbarles Bisdihaw 
Bovid, Vicar of Wokinr, Sarrey, lo Harr- 1 
Cbarlolte, second dan. of the late Vice.Adm. 

Sir George Byre, K C.B. At DMtlbi4, 

Stansfeld-Ellia, etdosl «on ( ' ■ -^ 

— -'iidcnp Hon— 

- Kicbard 1 , ^ 

y. At Deddln(loa, HnntlordoBsL,^ 

Wm. Reeti. esq. of Leilbnry, Bent, •olicilor. 
eldest SOD of tbe late William Katce, esq, 
auUcltor. to Eliubelb-Oec-Holab Atterbury, { 
dau. of the late John Atterbnry.oq. of Byn». 
bury. Huntintdon, and nandniece of Itail 

Bishop of Eoclieater. Ai Walton, Cuilaia 

George Brows, late of Ibe Mb HnBaara, W 
Harriet-Adelaide, only dau. of the late Uenl.- 
CaL Allen, of locbmutiM. Perlhsh. Noiik J 
BriUin.— At9t. PBncras,Eiutoa-ai: ~ 
C*awaer,esq.ofCaDdea-|- ' " 

survivInK dao. of the laie 

tber.Vicarof Christ Chaieh, ?Iewnte.>t. — - A 
At St. P*ocras,JoUD Pallir, tni. of Walad. J 
to Bliiibelb, eUrst dan. of the Rev. JohBHaZ 3 

locb, of Kentiab Tonn. At Gimock, Con. 1 

Btron Dniry, R.S. to Helen Stewart, danib> I 
oTRobert Morrta,esq.af Moorbnrn, Ayrah&a, I 
to. At 0»prin|{e,Kent,J. a JCniricil,eBa, f 
second son of tbe Ute Iter. J. Rcoiickrif L 
Bletcbingly, Soirey, to ThomaaliM-Fauiri I 
youngest dau. of Edward Toker, esq. of IM ] 

U»k>, Oipriure. At Lambeth Palace. Iho T 

Duke of ilarlivroiigi to the Hon. Chailottt- 

Aurusta Flower, youngest dau. o' "' 

•ud VisDOantess Ashbrook.— AI 1 

ley, Essex, Abel, eldest ton of WilUam CUv- I 

mam, esq. of Kewcaatle-upoo-TyDe, to Blll^ 

belb, etdest dau. of John Ourney, aaq. of WW- . 

ley-lodce. CapI. J. JtaMwJs.aon otthe ttl« I 

William BablniR.eH. of 8(ede-blll. lo JMC, J 
«BowofimoilCCT:CB»sadtM.KI|. ^^" 



IStOll-Sq.CI 



11. Al EeUlDI, Clurla, ton of TbomM 
ffrtf, no. of ficaCDdeii, to FaniiT, diu. of 

Chvln Snmt, tm^. of UinfleU, Mliiw. 

At St. Marilebone, Marllil TbonlM Oltttx, 
■H. H.D. oflbe UDilcnlty of Alwrdnn, anil 
FtlloH ol tht Roys] Callrae af SurgMDs of 
Loadoa, to Jane, touokoI dun. of tbe \ut 

Ee». Riclunl Cedl, Vicar of Cbobbam. 

At SI. G»rn'a, Hinorar-sii. Ueat.-Col. 

liOtbuD SbtlOtld DielUcii, to Ur~' 
lonngeililau, ofthclali '" 
t»t. of Leibecbcad. j 






I At Brum^icrovc, the Rev. Jalla Vaj O 

f M.A. Head Mutrr of °— — f— "— i, , 
SclHiol, to JomtuM-UuUia, ttdnl duL at 

John CtaatAehl Tyler, e«. At Stoke, BtD' 

JnmiD, irosBCMt eon of the late Hkbaid 
Stoktt, esq. ot Devonport, to Uary-Knowlej, 

eldest diD. or (he laie CapC. Triit. At CliT- 

loD, tbe Her. Peter Piart, B.U. to Jane, Ibird 
dau. of tbe bite Wjlliim H. Oaldwyer, eiq. of 
Briitol. ^Al Sallsbur/, Edwarrt diaailcr- 



liniton. Chai. belh ( 



iii.'^ttx du.° 



of Oeorge Fun, e>q. of 



la-UoDel, irounie^ 



ta. At Vpper Clapton, tbe Bcr. Leopold J. 
Benmfi, Mlov of A. John>a Colin. (MOrd, 
to Uaii, Mcond dau. of tb« lite Join GorMi 



Gnce, Bftb dau. of J. B. Knirbl, CKi. 

11. Al LauchoM, Luarksb.^waril M'Leed. 
CH. of StDCkHcIl, lo C^atberiue, onlf dlu. of 

JoSnr — ■ -' — '^-'- 



belb- ew).— At St. Harlia'a-ia-ttio-Field*, Cwt- 



- in-tko-Field*. (X- 
r nd UlEbUoJen, to 
dau. or Ibe lale iiA» 



D of SirAlei. Wood, r 



Wttd, esq. fburtb (oo of Sir A 
New llreniftord, to Jeaay, onl; 
Steoaoa, of BourtODHin-lbe-Wai 

U. AC 3t. Ceoixs'a, Haoaver-iq. i;osino 
BIcbard /fsvonf, esq. lo Ueliora- Louisa, dau. 
ofthe lale Uary HuuAioaon, eiq. UuHell-eq. 

Al All Soula', RnnDtat. Jobn Heorr.DDly 

aOB of Juaeph Jobe uxnwf.eM. of Earlhan, 
Norroik, to Uiiy-Jary, onlr dau. of Richard 
Ilanbory Gnruey, eiq. uf Tbicklboro. 



Uenrr J. 

SomerKt, 



— la Georze-il Bdiobuirh, 
UM, e>q. W.S. wo of tbe fate 
iiHin, 0? KilkerraD, Bart, and 



— ~.t BrldgewMer, tbe Hei 
Miu-ihaU. View of Weitoa Zoy Ian 
10 Bmina^IdveUi dan. "' -■")'" -'*' 

Bridgevrater. '- 

Henry D. Ftrtua< 

oflheKtebt Uon. Lady HrnriPtta kergunoa, 
loAooa, dan. of Robert Naamylb, eMj. F.R. 

C.S.B. At St. Oeorge's, Hano«er4a. Geo. 

Simon AdrcAart, oq. of Aokerwycke Hodm. 
lalB one of Ihe RnireKntatirn Ibr (he Co. 
oTBucki, toQerlrBdc-Charlolte.aaly cUld of 

Qeonn Lncas, esq. of Newpoit Pagnel. Al 

81. Amn'g, Piccidllly, Vf. SMtf, an. of 
Great Marlboronch-M. to Charlotte, yoongeat 

daD.ofthelateCf Ward,Hq. ofCbliwick. 

M St. George-i "-- " ' "— >~ 



Rwa, yDunceit dan. of Lieut. W. knlrht, ILK. 

M AlParii. WllliainJeirery><(Uim,f«i.of 
Bridnwater, to RUoB-Soaan, aecoad dan. of 
the late Rei. Henry BndtOfl, of EiidUuUt, 
Iterou— At St. Bnne, iUchard FIbbIbc 
l-nfMtad. nq. to Philippa-TlngOHnbe. cldaM 
dau. oFtbelUv. J. Pomery. Vicar of 81. Bnno. 

~. .. n_.._,_.. .. -l, JaiIle«-(3oni», 



eiq. late Govcrnur of Prince of Walea'a laUod, 
<HDcapore, and Malacca, lo BlleD-Enielli,ebl«t 
. * mL u . Southirii 



Wella.tnBmily-PeriaiB, 

eidtal dau. of Sir Alexander Hood. Bart, of 

n, Henrit aUM, esq, of Llan'danlie, Cannai' 
tbenib. lo Uary.Aane, eldest daa. of Robert 
yarwortb, esq. of Uadnock, near Monmoalh. 

At Fulbaai, JobnG. Stmhii eiq. of N«* 

COurl, Uerefbrdib- to Louisa, secnod dan. itf 
J. L. Fanler, esq. of North Bad Lodge, Pal- 
ham.— At Btockwell, Socny, the RH.Cbwle* 
Spetner, al PDirIck, Worceatenli. to Manr- 
Aon, second daa. of R.5utb*ni,aq.SlockinU. 

At BnitoD, Sonenel, Geoixe Hallm JTas- 

lifer, esq. U.A. of RepiDn, Derbrab. M 0«r- 
trode-Anne, dan. of the lat* Rer. RWpb™ 
Hyde Csasan, locnmbeol of BroUo.— 



daa. of TdoD 



I Lytbam, 



Charles- R^er.eldeil Loiulon, 



L^er, Biacsb 

enrrOrene- 

halgb Former, e*q. At Ipiwich, T. HiU, 

e«). of SI. JoUn't ColWe, Cunbrldfe, to 
Louiaa-Marlt, ouIt daa. ofW. Thorloir, esq. 

IT. At SL JaiuBs's, PiccsdiUy, Ihe Rev. Janei 
Corfim, MA. eldesl son of Vice-Admiral 
Carthew, of Treduavell, CoroiralL to Grace- 
Jenn, louoiesl dau. of Ihe late John Kendal, 

esq. Al Chelsea, tbe Kei. Edward Barm, 

U.A. of tbe Royal Academy, Uosport, to 
Carolloe Anyatt, dau. of Col. BroiiB, Com- 
mandanloflhe Royal Hllitary Asylum. Chelsea. 

18. Al BrlgbtoD, Viscount Pttldhig, eldeat 
son of tbe Earl of Denbigh, to Lonisa, only 
child ol the late Div Id Pennant.esu. Jan. and 

of Udy Emma Pennant. At Slrealham, 

WIUiam-Ladler, eldest son of WiLlam Lt^, 
esq. or Park Hill, to Emma, eldest dan. of 
John Bradbury, esq. of Bedrnrd Honse, Slrea- 
lham. Al Norihsllertoa, Jobn Pick AUUom, 

esq. of South Kilrlnrlon, near Thirsk, to 
Maria, second dan. ofthe Ute William Wbyte- 

liead.eH|. ofTblnik. Solicitor. AtSunbury, 

Lake Uoireli Smslll, M.U. of Bingham, NolU, 
loBmma-Bliubelb, eldeat dau. oTT. W. Har- 
riott, esq. of Suobnry. At Exmoutb, Devon, 

Lieut. Osmyn BmrHOIrn, Uth Bombay N. Infi 
Bon of BrowntO" BourdillDn, esq of Bath, lo 
Juine, eldesl dan, of Capl. H. W. Snrti, K,N. 



le late Qeonre /oeMa, esq. ol 

.: ,_..._ -'the late Henry ( 

t Ipswich, T. 



I, Richsrd Say Armstrong 

lulon, son of Ihe lale Lien 

of tbe R- Art. Is Martha-lsabells-Bii 



of Mr. Balier, irf Woodgnve House, Sta^etoai 

and gnnddan. of Ihe laic Maior BlssMt. 

At Si. Peler-a Mincron, Norwich, the Rer. 
John Cerfss. M.A. of Wadham College, Oa. 
ford, Aaalitaai Chaplain of tbe Hon. Bast 
India Company, lo krnta, dan. of the Reir. W. 

Rohblna, Rector of Heiibam, Norwicb. At 

Hampatead, tbe Rev. Joiin Pallium. Ineam- 
benl or at, Jnde'a, Chelsea, to Eilaabelh, daa, 
of Samuel Hoare, esq. of llampiltsd.^--At 
Stamfurd Hill, George Foster BraUhm^la, 
esq. of Kendal, to Mary, youngest dau, of Uw 
. — . ., Savory, esq. oi Stamlorrt Mill.— 



Al Hackney, Henri J. . . 

aoD of Joseph Woudbead, esq. of Manlacue-aa. 
to Emily, third dau. of the lale He*, i. C. 

dementi, of Lower Clapton, At East Far- 

leirh, (he Rev. Hector Ntliut, M,A. to Marr. 
only child of Richard Miller, esq. of East Far- 
leiEh. 

Juliili. Al Wslmer, Rob, Ogle,esq.orihe 
loner Temple, barriater-si.law, only son ol 
Rob. Onle, esq. of EKllDghim Hsil, Northum- 
berland, 10 Mary, dau, of Cant. Harvey, R.N. 

al, Al 91. John's Cbnich, Nottiog IIUI. Keo- 
siniton, the Rev. John Ward, Vicar ot Gr«st 
Dedoyn, WIIU, lo Helen Duncan, dau. of the 
lale Johu Sluarl, esq. rormerly of the War 
OIBce. 



OBITUARY. 



Jotiee, pni 



LOBC CniEr Jlitick Tindal. 

Julf G. At FolktCone, in hii TOlh 

year. Sir fticolu ConjngbBin Tindal, 

b.CL. Lord CbieTJuiticeof the Coiirt 

of CoDimoa Pleu. 

Sir Nicolai Tindal wii deaccoded from 
u old Eawi family. Hi> fMber, Robert 
It Cbelmiford ; Mr. 
Tbomx TlTidal, brother to the late Chief 
t at ■ aolicitoi in A^les- 
leicended fiom Dr. Mit- 
r Tbidil, ■ celebntcd coDtrOTrraiii 
er of ■ rnnner dij, ind from the Rrr. 
iliB Tinda), ■ man of literary re|)u[a- 
tioD, who «u Rector of Great Walihaim 
; a portion of « his- 
lorj of kitn.ithub, bowrver, be gaw up 
to Dodertake a tranilfltion of Rapio'i His- 
tory of Bnglanr). The early cducalion of 
Bir Nicolai wa. received at the grammar 
achooi of Chelni.fotd, under the master- 
■bip of the RiT. Ti.om»» Nayfor. Tt^ere 
are »tiU liting in that tonn and ncigb- 
' etermlofhiiiehooll'fUoKa, who 
in a« biTiag nben a youth given 
udicationi of tboie quick jiarti and that 
•olid talent wbich aftervarda marked his 
Br. He eotered at Trinity college, Ctm- 
. _ge, in the year 179b. and mlhin tour 
fcara of tbat period — in 1799 — be took the 
dcp«CDf A.B..and that of A.M. in IttOf. 
In Iba former year lie naa eighth «i 



ter of the late Captam Thomaa Symondt, 
R.N., and, of eour»e, resigned faia fellow- 

In Ibe Court of King's Bench, and on 

Iho Norihern Circuit, ercry year brought 
Mr. Tindal adiitional repnlation as a 
lawyer, bat tery little fame as an advo' 



be t 



He 



eipoun 



LCiple; 



with great peripicnily aet forth ita pro- 
Tlaioni; be could argoe aoy puint. how- 
ever apparently bopelera, end impeach 
■he Talidity of any legal document, how- 
ever apparently aound ; bat a knavish 
witneai could elude hia examination, end 
an ajiathelic jury were never warmed by 
hia eloquence : yet he had what the pro- 









r Cbanc 



In 



I8DI he obtained the aecond 
ptisa. lo Octobtr of that year be wai 
dected ■ Fellow of hia college, and held 
Ibe fellDwahTp for eight ycini. The degree 
of D.C.L. waa >ub»M|uent]y cotiferred 
r initallatiDu oClhe Mar- 
a Chancellor of the uni- 
*enityia 1834, 

Immediately on taking his Master' a de- 
cree, be became a atnitent of Liocoln'a- 
' he entered upon pmclice with 
iiiderable soccen a> a special 
pleader: Lord Brougham wai among the 
BDDiber of hia pupila. There ran be no 
yeitioo that a young law atudcni could 
kardlj have chosen a aafcr guide, for ■ 
■aa mofa tborooghly learned than Mr. 
Tindal even then waa, in every depart- 
cf the law, could icarcely be found 
a the range of the profesaion : and 
'u especially celebrated for what is 
oalkd •' hiack-letter learning." Hia high 
olition brought bim to many clienta 
1 afler a few yean he thought it safe 
to (O (« the bar, and accordii<gly he was 
colled in Trinity Term, 1809. la the 
(■DM year be married the yoonGcst daugb- 



large Income rewarded bis learning, his 
indnatry. and bia high reaaooing facnltiea. 
The nitural process by which lawyers 
seek advanreaient in their profeii,ion ia to 
get into Parliament. Mr. Tindal, how. 
ever, enjoyed a diatingniahed opportanity 
of appearing before one bouse of Parlia- 
meni long before hia election aaa member 
of the other- A Bill of pains and penal- 
tiea waa preferred againat the Queen of 
George IV,, and Mr. Tindal, conjointly 
with aere'ai others, waa counsel for the 
Queen, Hovfarhiaaatutenesaand know- 
ledge rendered him an efficient osaiatant 10 
her Majesty's Attorney, General, was a 
matter not very apparent at that period. 
That be waa capable of giving valuable binia 
to his more showy brethren, Lords Broug. 
bam and Denman, there can be no doubt; 
but bis oratory was not of the order to neu- 
tralise the dulling ingenuity of Copley, 
or to cope with the wily maniEuvres of a 
cloud of Italian witnesses. Hence, though 
be enjoyed the honour of bring a Queen's 
advocate, he obtained with the public 
little additional reputation from his share 



n this fi 



inary inquiry. 



the House oF 
Cunimons, to which assemUy in the year 
1B34 be was returned by the Wigton dis- 
trict of burghs; Bndhe>« also we can say 
but little for his qualificilions at a pubhc 
speaker- Hia manner was cold, dry, and 
onimprpssive ; his political and bii.taiical 
hnonledge dieplajed itself to small advan- 
tage ; it bore upon few qneations, and 



4 



would hare eipected (hat 



J 



200 



Obituary. — Lord Chief Jantict Tindal, 



[Aug. 



populor mudB of diicaiiing even qucMians 
of law. NcTerthelcM, B better man Tor 
tbe office of Solicitor-General coaU not 
be found ■mongjt the Tory Uwvers in the 
month of September, 18S6, when Sir C. 
WeUierell bcraniB Attorney- General, in 
coDieqaence of tbe eleratiun of Sir Jobn 
Coplef, afterward) Lord Lj'ndhurbt, to 
the Muterahip of the Rat1j<. At this 
time Mr. Tindal became Sir Nicolas, but 
he itill remained without anj yery ma- 
terial increase of profesjional fame, nor 
wai he ealled upon during h'» tenure of 
office Id ssaiat ra anir important proaceo- 
tionon behalf of tbe Crowi 



una the ioipreuion tbal tbe cbiracter of 
Chief JiutJcB 'Hndal made upon the com- 
munitj at large; and. whaterer criticisia 
hii alleged eccentri cities might occasion- 
ally provoke among the members of the 
Bar, nil was forgotten in tbe intervali 
hetween oue term and another, while his 
itnpertarbsLle temper, tbe Qoirarm amenity 
of hia Banner, his perfect independence 
of Epirit, his high integrity, and grest ju- 
dicial sbililifa, were always preieut to Ihe 
mindofe»cry ohsenrer."— (7Tra»».) 

Hia earthly career was lerminited rather 
sndilenly. About ten dsya before his 
ended the hearing of an Irith 



Sir Job 


n Copley, wh 


had rep 








Lord Cha 


cellor in the 


year 1B27 


tbe Cann. 


ng Adminiit 


-ation ; lb 



etb of Geo 






of Hfleen yi 



cnted appeal in the House of Lords — ■' Sbeetajr 
'Came t. Lord Ma^kerry.*' On leaving tbe 
uring houae he complained of eicesiite heat, 
inpon and appeared lo be almoit fainliDg. He 
I in the repreientstioa was, williia a few honn. seized with pi- 
', and Sir Nicolas Tin- ralyiii of the left leg, extending to the 
ffrages. Mr. William hipjoint ; and, af^r the lapse ctf two or 
~ tb'ee days, his medical adviser recom- 

mended him 10 proceed lo the (easide. 
Without delay he repaired to Folkeslone, 
accompanied by his son. Captain TindsJ; 
bat there he nnbappily eiperienoed ■ 
renewal of his nmlady. 

By the lady already menlioned, who 
hns been dead for same years. Sir NicoUa 
Tindal had a nnmerons family His el- 
dest son, the Rev. Nicolas Tmds], M.A. 
Vioar ofSsndhursl, co. Glouo. died Ang. 
3o, 1^42, having mniried in 1839 Anne- 
Frances, only child of the Uie John 
George Sciiweltier, esq. fiinnprly of Sooth- 
all Green, Middlesex. HobmleftlwQsur- 
liviog sons. Louis-Symonds, a Commander 
in the Royal Ni.vy(1811). and Cbarlea- 
John, a barrister- at. low, and one daughter. 
Merelina. married io 1840 lo James What- 
man BojannUBi. esq. banker of London, 
a nephew of Mr. Justice Boaanquet. 

On Ihe Uth Jnly the body of Ote late 
Chief JuaticB was removed from hia home 
in Beilford Si[uare for interment in the 



dal solicited its 

John Bankea, though also a Tory, went 
down to Cambridge to oppose him : Ihe 
reiult of the polling was AIS for Sir Ni- 
colas Tindnl, and 378 for Mr. Bankei. 
He had been chosen for Marwii-h at the 
general election in lB9(j, but of course 
readily wiibdrew from that borough to 
enjoy the honour of representing hie aluia 

Two years after, when Lord Wynford 
reigned the chief seat in Ihe Common 
Pleas, the Solicitor -General became Chief 
Justice of the Common Pleat, which posi- 
ccnpied durini; the long period 



cap. 83, he might, at 

uiilsof that high sta- 
tion, •' Aa to the merits of Chief Jostioe 
Undal, Ibe bar may be divided, bnt the 
public are unaniinoua. They looked at 
hia summings up as among tbe most mas- 
terly eihibitiona of judicial sagacity, and 
they regarded hii calm, thoughlful, and 
tranquil inflexibility as the impersonation 
of Briliah justice. They admired Ibe 
rigour and promptilnde with which he 
would cast the light of a clear and search- 
ing intellect upon some vast accumulation 
of minute facts, iofe 



Duldtr 
ory evidro<;es. Thev 



e labyrit 



land 



which h 



Kensall Green Cemetery. 

Ahonl fifty gentlemen, principally the im- 
mediate relative* and friends of tbe de- 
ceased, comprised the altendantt, amongtt 
whom were Mr. Baron Parko, Sir W. 
Symonda of the Civil Department Royal 
Navy, Major Symonds, Captain Symonda, 
B.N. Captain Tindal. R.N. and Mr. C. 
■ Tindnl, aona of the deceased! Mr. 



threw aside Ihe sopliialri 

gled the forensic perpleiities with which 

ditaipsled the obscurities, lopped off Ihe 
irreleiandes, curtailed Ihe redundancies 
which had been imported into Ihe cause 
by Ihe wesk or wily advocate, and finally 
how he reduced the rfal pnint in dispute 
to ita Girirt and indisputable merits. Such 
11 



in.lai 



. the Rev 



E. Tyler. Sir John De Veulle, of S.. 
tliilier'a, Jersey, (who marrifd his niece 
Miss Tindal of Aylesbury) : Major Wood- 
rooffe, W. Woodrooffo, esq. A. N. Skir- 

A portrait of Sir Nicolas Tindal, by 
T. Phillips. R.A. has been engravcil ta a 
large tiie by Henry Cousins. 



1846.] Hon. Pierce Sutler, M.P.—Sif John Trevelyan, Bart. 201 

Hon. Pikbce Butleb, M.P. He iru the ddeil ton of Sir Jolin Tre- 

/unr 13. la York-itreet, Lambeth, Tclym Ibe fourtli Buonet, M.P. for co. 

*ged Tl. tbe Hon. Pierce Butler, M.P. Somerset, b; Loaita-MnriannB, daughter 

Tor the conntjr of Kilkenny, and Colonel and coheir of PetfrSymond, esq. mercbBtit 

at the Kilkenny Militia; lait luriivinj; of London, and sister to Susan Lady St. 



brother of tbe Earl of Kilken 

He »B9 bom May S, 1775.' the fourth 
and youngest son of Edmund eleventh 
Viscount MountgaiTCt, by Lad; Henri- 
etta Butler, second daughter of Someriet- 
HamiltDn first Earl of Carrick. 

He was B candidate for the county of 
Kilkenny at the general election in IH2<i, 
professiiig still more liberal principles than 
bis opponents, though both were con- 



John of BletK)c. He succeeded t 
Baronetcy, April ISSg. OD the death of 
his father, who lived to th« advanced age 
of 93. 

In 1798 he raised "The Wallingtoa 
and Kirkharle Volnnteer troop of C>- 
Tilry." of which be ma oooitinited 
Captain commandant. 

In Ifl30 he serred the office of iheiiff 
of Northamberiand. He was a member 



Athens, and of sexeral other ! 



_ ... 321 Sir John Trevelyan married in Aug, 

, . , „ , ,„„, . , .. 1791, Maria, danrhler of Sir Thomai 

Aga|n in Feb. I8J1 he opposed the re. ^ WiUon, of Charlton in Kent, 

election of Lord Duneannon, bnt was jlZ, .„h .i.,„' ,„ M.™.»t_v.n,.WK 



defeated by 336 votes to . . 

After the passing of the Reform act, 
he "Bs relumed with Mr. Finn mthout a 
contest, as he was again in 18:15, lB37.and 
1841. He was an eitreme Radical in his 
politics, and supported the propoaition of 
a repeal of the Union. 

Colonel Butler married, in 1800, Anne, 
daughter of Thomas March, esq. of Lis- 
bnmej and by that lady, who survives him, 
he had issue seven sons and five daughters, 
(alt the former and two of the latter sur- 
viting.) viz. 1. Pierce- Somerset Bntler, 
esq. M.P. for co. Kilkenny, " . 
180 1, and married in 1835 Jessy- Anne, 
widow of P. A. Wsrrco, esq. by whom 
he has issue tivo daughters ; '2. Clurlotte; 
3. Edmund-John Butler, esq. who married 

ta im Eta. d.j,hl., .( Li..t.-C.l. ,.,,„•„.„„ c.pl. it™.! A.ram 

• ilatiiFhtvp* ■ d Hpiii-ir : A. 4nnr. who ,„..*,. „ ' ^ ^ ^ 



Bart., and siatet to Margaret- Elisabeth 
Lady Ardan. and to Jane wife of the 
Right Ron. Spencer Perceval. By that 
lady he had issue aeveu sona and six 
daaghten : 1. John-Wilson, who died an 
inbnl ; 2. George-Thomas, who also died 
an infant ; 3. Maria-Jane, married to the 
Ret. Nod Thomas Ellison, Rector of 
Hunlspill, CO. Somerset; 4. Sir Walter 
Calverley Trevelyan, who has succeeded to 
tbe title i a. Joha; G. Raleigh, who died 



r Wadham Wynilham, esq. se- 
of William Wjndbam, eaq. of 
DintoD, Wilts; 8. Arthur, married in 
1635 to Eliiabeth Mackay ; 9. Edward- 
Spencer Trevelyan, esq. married in 1833 
Catharine- Anue, daughter of John Fos- 
esij. 1 10, Beatrice, married in 



three daughters ; i. Henry ; 5. Anne, who 
died an infant ; G. Someruti 7. Anne ; 
B. Thomas; 9. Harriet, whodiedinl83G; 
10. William, who married la 18il Catba- 
rina 2d daU|;hCer of Mr. John Walsh, and 



who died 



12. 

. Butler 



From some suspicion that Ml 
had taken an improper medicine an inqnest 
WIS hold on brs body, Mrs. Eliia Fer- 
ndoday deposed that he had lodged at her 
bcueein York-street, Lambeth, for several 

¥>ars during the titling of Parliament, 
be verdict was, " Natnral death from 
general decay of nature.'' 



, youngest si 
the Right Hon. Spencer Perceval; ii. 
Alfred- Wilson Trevelyan, esq. who died 
in 1831, aged twenty-four, having mar- 
ried, in 1B30, Matilda- Margaret, daughter 
of John Boyce, esq. of Limerick, and 
leaving issue one sod. Alfred- Wilson ; \3. 
ljaura-Agae«, married in 1B36 to Her. 
Jobu Woodhouse i and 13. Helena-Caro- 
line, married in IS37 to the Rev. Bryan 
Fanssett. 

The present Btironet was iKirn at New- 
castle in 1797, sud married. May 91, 
1835, Paatiiia, eldest danghter of the Rct. 
Dr. Jermyn, of Swaffliam Priors, Cam- 
bridgeshire. He is M.A. of University 
college, Oiford, Fellow of the Society ot 
Antiqoariea ot Newcestle-on-TynO, of the 
Royal and Antiquarian Societies, Edin- 
burgh, ot the Royal Geographical and 



-rsetshire, aged 85, Sir John Trevelyan, Geological Societies, the Archrologioal 
e fifth Bart, of that place, and of Wal- Societies ot Rome and Athena, &c. &c. 



J.J 



208 



OsitVAEYz—iMn. Sir CharUi ibirby, Bari. [Attg. 



A»M. 8lE CMAmLBII ROWLBT, BaET. 

Oet. 13, 1M5. At DrigbtOD, aged 75, 
ffir Chtrict Rowley, B«rt. Admiral of the 
Wbite, G.C.B., G.C.H., K.M.T. 

Tlik oAoer wm the fourth loii of Vice- 
Adm. hir JothoA Rowley, Bert, by 8erah, 
dtnghter of Bartholomew Barton, esq. of 
Pitteriiham, Deputy- Goremor of the Bank 
of England ; and a /p-andson of Sir WiU 
HtBi Rowley, K.B. Admiral of the Fleet, 
Viee- Admiral of England, and a Lord of 
Uw Admiralty, who died on the Ut Jan. 
1768. 

The iohjecC of tbij memoir wai made a 
lieatenant In 1789 ; and was appointed 
aetlBg Captain of the lloiaar frigate in 
the inmmer of 1794. He rabieqnently 
eommanded the Lynx iloop, and captvred 
nnmeroaa French merchant Tesaeli, on the 
North American station. In Mardi 17%', 
being then acting Captain of the Cleopa- 
tim fkigate, he captured TAarore, a French 
prifateer of ten goni. He afterwardi 
retnmed the command of tlie Hossar, at 
Halifax, and continned in that ihip aatfl 
paid off, about the end of the tame year. 
His adTaneement to post rank took place 
on the 1 St Aug. 1795. 

When commanding I'lTnit^ 36, he dis- 
played great firmneffs during the general 
mutiny in 1 797. He subsequently cap- 
turvd the French 18-gun corvette D^cou- 
fvrte, the brig-priTateer Brunette, of ten 
guns and eighty men, and sereral other 
armed resseU, on the Channel station. 

Captain Rowley left TUnit^, in conae- 
quence of bursting a blood-Ysssel; bnt 
after the lapse of a few months he was 
appointed to the Prince George 98, the 
iMg ship of his brother-in-law the hite 
Admiral Sir Charles Cotton, Bart. In 
the vpHng of 1801 he was removed into 
the Boadfcea frigate, and entrusted with 
the command of a light squadron em- 
plored in Quiberon Bay, where he greatly 
molested the enemy. 

In 1804 Capt. Rowley commanded tlie 
Ruby 64, successively employed in the 
North Sea and off Cadiz. Subsequently 
to his return from dience, he was stationed 
off the Scheldt ; and in Nov. 1805, was 
tppointed to the Eflgle 74, destined to the 
Mediterranean, which ship he joined at 
Spithcad. She formed part of the squa- 
dron under Sir W. Sidney Smith, cm- 
ptoved in disarming the coasts of Naples 
■nd Calabria in the summer of 1806. On 
the 11th May that year Capt. Rowley 
wnducted the attack at the capture of the 
Island of Capri ; and he was afterwards 
•ererely injured by a shell, while employed 
On shore In the defbnce of Gaieta. 

The Eagle was attached to the grand 
armament sent against Antwerp In 1809 ; 
"^d part of her omcon sad crew were em« 



ployed In the ditaca of Fdrl Malsgorda, 
near Cadiz, in AprU 1810. In Nov. 181 1 
she captared the French fKgate Corceyre, 
pierced for 40 guns, and acrantiBg 88. 
At this period Caotain Rowley wis aenior 
r^ificer in the Aoriatic. His conduct at 
the captare of Fhime, July 3, 1613» was 
highlv conrpienotts : leading fas his gig the 
first detachment of marines^ he tow pos- 
session of the fort, and hoisted the kUig's 
coloora ; and he aflerwinls bora a oon- 
micBOus part in the operations agaliist 
Trie8t«>. He evntinued to serve In the 
Adriatic until the allies were mi i tsrs of 
that sea.* 

InApril IBUhe attended IxNds XVIII. 
from England to France ; and in tiw fbl* 
lowing month, he obtained the niyal 
permiAbicn to accept and wear the insignia 
of a Knight of the Imperial military order 
of Maria Theresa, which had been con- 
ferred upon him by the Emperor of Aus- 
tria. He was advanced to the rank of 
Rear-Admiral on the 4th June 1814 \ and 
was nominated a Knight Commander of the 
Bath, Jan. 2, 1815. Towards the dose 
of the latter year he was appointed to the 
chief command in the river Medway. 

Sir Charles Rowley's next i^ppohitment 
was, in the autumn of 1820, to be Com- 
mander-in-chief on the Jainaica station, 
then much infested with pirates. Imme- 
diately on those desperadoes attempting 
to insult the flag of Great Britain, this 
active officer took such effectual steps that 
many vessels were captured and destroyed 
by the cruisers under his orders. Of the 
survivors of their lawless crews, about 
thirty were sentenced to death, and exe- 
cuted at P6rt Royal. He returned home 
with his flag on board the Svbille 44, in 
May 1823 ; and was promoted to the rank 
of Vice-Admiral in May 1825. 

Sir Charles Rowley was nominated a 
Groom of the Bed-chamber to King Wil- 
liam IV. Nov. 23, 1832; and i^p^^hited 
one of the Lords Commissioners of the 
Admiralty, in Dec 1834, which he con- 
tinued to be until the following ApriL He 
was created a Baronet in 1836; and a good- 
service i>ension of 300/. was conferred upon 
him by the Admiralty, StDt, 1 , 1837. He 
attained the fall rank of Admiral, Nov. 
23, 1841. 

On the 2Gth Dec. 1842, he was appointed 
to the chief command at Portsmouth ; 
from increasing debility he was compelled 
to resign his post in September last, up- 
wards of three months before his period 
of service would have expired. 

Sir Charles married In 1797 Bliiabeth, 

* Full details of these servioes win be 
fbtmd In Marshall's Roral Naval Bfogrt* 
pby, TOl. ty. U. pp. iW fl Iff. 



p} OmvAvi-^Adm. Sir Jiobett WaUtv Olwaj/, Bart. SOT 



I 



* dinghtar of Ada. Sir Rictxrd 
.. But. and b; thit tidy, who died 
JiD. II, 1X38. be tiu] \t»w thrm torn 
ud [iro dntghten : I ■ Sir Chu-lfs Row- 
ley, who fau fuccceded lo (he title; 2, 
Etiiibeth- Sophia, tnam«d in 1818 to the 
lale Peter Langlbrd Brooke, riq. of Moore 
Hall, Chethirc. nod died before I83l>j 
:i. the Riflit Hon. Louiu-Burton Coun. 
t(M of Kinnoall, married in \S2ixoTho- 
BUS-Robert inih nttd present Earl of 
KinDonll, aDdhuacerjnameraua funlly ; 
i. Richard-FreemsD Rowler, Cspt. R.N. 
of the St. ViDcent 120, who married in 
less ElUabeth -Julia, daughter of John 
Ai«entein, uq. ; i. Robnt-Hlbbert-Bar- 
tlioIain«w Rowlej, Commander S,N. com- 
tMMllag the Satellite oo the river Ptale. 
The present Baronet is a Lieul. -Colonel 
in the armj, aod late of (he Cotdstream 
gurda. He mnrried in I89S FVances, 
only daughter of John Eretjm, esq. of 
Votton, Sterrrj, and has isauB Charlei- 
E*dyn. lale nag-Lieatenant lo hli gnind- 
dther, and now Flag-Ltt^utenant of the 
Eiodlenl. 

Adm. Sis Robirt W. Otwav, B.vbt. 

Uag 13. In Hyde Pari Gardens, aged 
14, Sir Robert Waller Otway, Bsrt. and 
Q.C.B. aod a Di^itario of Ihe Braiilian 
order of (he CroH, .Admiral of the Whitf, 
and one of the Groomi in vraitinj; lo hrr 
HuMty. 

ilia distin^Uhcd officer was the second 
MB of Cooke Otway, etq. of Tattle Ol- 
■my> CO. Tippemry, by Elizabeth, sister 
of Sir Robert Waller, Bsrt, of Usbriao, 
to the lime coiutty ; and yoaager brother 
lo the late Reory Otway, esq. (he hus- 
band of the Baroness Braye, and father of 
the Ute Mr. Otway Cave, M.P. for Tip- 
peniT. Another brother Is Lieut.-Gea. 
Sir Coftos WiUiam Otway, C.B. Colonel 
artbell4lh Foot. 

Ue waa bom .\pril26, 1772, and fram 
■n Mrh age shewed a preference so de- 
cided for the oaval profenjoa that alt hit 
tober*s efforts (who had been an officer 
of the Royal Horse Guards) (o induce 
him to enter the army, by the offer of the 
pturchase of a Coraetcy, were unnTuiling, 
■ad in 1781 he embarked aa Midshipman 
tm board the Elizabelh, T4. He was 
[ienlenant of the Impregnable in Lord 
Howe's battle, on the 1st of June, IT94, 
D> which occBiioD his terricei were 
ffiftingaiahed by his Admiral thanking 
blm publicly on the quarter-deck. Soon 
Atf the action hcwa< made Commander, 
■od appointed to the Tborn stoop, in 
wUch veisel he captured , after a gallant 
aetiati (in which be wai wounded), the 
Cotuier, a national French corretle, of 
auperior force. On his promotion lo Post 
Capt^, be obttuncit lot commoiict ol tbt 



Mermaid, of 32 gum, and widlit craiaing 
off Ba»e Terre, Gaudalonpe, fell in with, 
nnd beat olT, after an action of three 
hours and a bulf, the French CHgnle L« ' 
Vengeanee, of Sfl guns, sent by Victor 
Hughes eiprestly to destroy the Mermaid, 
and who waa lo iocenied at the fiulure of 
La Vengeance, that be broke the Cap- 
tain'a aword, and deprived some hun- 
ilreds of English prisoners of water, who 
cheered on seeing the remit of the action. 
While commanding the same frlgat«, 
and iri company with the Hennione and 
Uuebec, Capt. Otway had a smart affair 
with the Corti of Jean Rebel, S(. Domingo, 
and succeeded in cu(ting out twelve nil 
of merchantmen. In (be boata of Ihn 
Cere* (with wbiob teasel he had eiehanged) 
the Mutine privateer, of 18 



and 19 ni 






of tl 



also a gaarda costa off the Havannah, of 
G long 24-pouiiden and 4 snisller guns. 
In (he hoata of the Trent ha took 
L'Aleiandre and Le Revenge, French 
privateers, of IB gun* each, and a Sp«- 
□iah brig of 10 gnua. During a period of 
»w years' service in the West Indies, 
Cnpt. Otway captured or destroyed 200 
of (he enemy's privateers and merchant- 
men, moonting in the whole above 500 
^us, besides assisting a( the sieges of 
fort MaCildaand Morne Fortun*e. For 
the«e services the thanki of the Admiralty 
were three times communicated lo him 
through the respective Admirals on the 

AC the battle of Copenhagen he eosi- 
manded the London, and rendered much 
service. In 1B05, in (be Montagu, he 
was one of the aopporters of (he veteran 
Comwallis, in his aiwck on the Preneh 
fleet cloae to Brest harbonr. Ue saban. 
quetitly assisted at the sieges of Girona 
and San Sebastian, in Spain. 

He attained the rank of Mce-Admiral 
in 1B30, and that of Admiral in 1641, 
He WB9 nominated K.C.B. June 8, \926, 
was cTTBted a Baronet Sept. 30, 1031 ; 
and advanced Co the grade of G. C.B. OH 
theSthMay, 184S. 

On (Le tllh JnW, 1837, he wai ap- 
iiointrdone of the Grooms in Waiting to 
her Majesty, which office he retained nntil 
his death. 

This gallant and diatingnisbed officer. 
after having been thirty yean affoat, and 
upwards of one hundred times under the 
fire of the enemies of hit country, doted 
bis earlMy career suddenly, but moat 
peacefully, on Tuesday, May IS. Hll 
last public act, which wss to assist at the 
laying of the first etouc of the Seaman'* 
Church, a[ BlackwaU, by H.R.H. Piince 
Albert, wat worthy of (he ardent attach. 
tDfut b« buK to hii profcasion, andgf the 



WM LiMtt^On. Sir C. PkiVi/a^McJor.Gen. Fyert, C.B- CAug- 



RKtod wKk tba xUkn of ihe Muw. 
■r R. W. Otwmr BWrrkd Aaf' l&> 

1801, "i r"r-. lidcM dkDgUcr utd 

rakar of Adarinl John ll'ilbwaf. of 
Wdb, ««. Sonnwt I aod kal iHOc tU MM 
tmi M*tD dufhtm: I. Henry, irho dint 
u Mfcad 2. Eliiibrtb, aba dt*<l tn tM2S, 
BOBnTM : 3. OnratiiM M*Iil<U ; *. 
AofaiU-, .'•. Emil); e. Robert Waller 
Otwaj. «q. Cipuin R.N. who dkd Id 
I MO, ifcd 26. in rofueqance of a bll 
from bu borH in llfde Park (lee oar Tol. 
XtV. p, IftT) ; 7. Cbailca Cuokt Omjr. 
CoBinaiidfr R.N. irfao prriihed in com- 
muul nf ibe Victor iloop of nar ; H. Sir 
Geori*' Grabani Otvay. wbo bai lar- 
(wdcd to Ib> buDottcy : !l. Lctitia ; 

10. Adelaide- Lowia. lo whom brr Ma- 
jertj Qaecn Adelaide wai iponaoi in 1819; 

11. Anbur-Jobni 1'^ Martha : aaU 13. 
Kdnird-Jobn. 

Tbe ureamt Baronet va* bom in IBIS, 
atuioed tht rank of a Coromander R.N. 
in IB41. aud Utcl; coiamanded il.M.S. 
Vlrnfo. Ha iraa [iromoted to tbe tank 
at ('a|i(«iii iinuieiliaulT liter hit fatbor't 
daath. 

I,ltt-T.-GlIN..StK C. Pbillips. 

Jmtt VO, At hi* miilence, LiDwood 
nrar Lgmdhiinl iu the New Forat, Lfeut.- 
Oe>i«ral Sir Charlea PbiUipt. Knt.. K.StJ. 

Tbli otGcer rtceiicd an Bulcnc)' in tbe 
33d bot the 2oih of June, I7i)3, and tbe 
■iBie year wai placed on half-pay. Od 
tbe £lit i>r May. ITHB, be wat appninted 
Ka*i|{n in tha 4llh ; and the 3Ut uf Au- 
fiul. tT0.1. LlmitEnant. He aened lutha 
Went Indira aa LiTDtentnt and Adjutant, 
the wbale of ibe earupai)^ under Sir 
Charlea Orey ; and wai pretent at tbe 
al<fe of Port Bourbon, the taking of the 
laluida lit Martinique, SL LacLi, and 
OuaUaluu|i«. He auecoedad lo a Com- 
pany, Sept, 2, \'% \ he gerred three 
jreara on the itaff in England u Aid-de- 
Camp ti) Lord Carnwallia and Genera] 
GreOTUIe ; one jear at Gibraltar, and in 
tlic expedition to Egypt. The Hth Jan. 
1802, he obtained a majority in hie 



Tied oi 



L 



nppoialed Deputy Quartermaaler- general 
at Main, with (he lank of LlEiitrtiant- 
C«1oael. 11(1 anerwanli aervcil uii tlie 
alalT of the annjr, under Lleut.-Gcu. Lord 
William Bentinck, in Italy, Sicily, &c. 
The lal Jau, 1813, he reoeicelthe rank of 
Colonel : of Mijor-General tbe 4tli uf 
Jnne, l»tM, and Llaat.-Generel the 22d 
July 1830. 

He received pemiitalon Jnn. SO, ISIT, 
to wear the grand ctoim a! St. Januariui 

< SicUy, wikavX npon tun for the 



deftnce of Sidly and the expedition to 
Italy in ISIS; and waa knighted by the 
Princa Regent at home. March 6, 1817. 

Sir Cbarle. Phillipi married, in ISIO. 
the rrlict of the Rei. Ritbard Strode, of 
Nevnham Park. Dttuu, and daughter of 
tbe lata Kr Fml. Lemon K.igen, Bar). 

Muob-Gkk. FriRx, C.B. 

ilaf 17. At Chirllon, near Woolwich. 

aged 77, M^t-Genera] Peter Pyera.C.B. 

Colonel Comnundant of the 7th batulion 

or Ibe Royal Artillery. 

This •etcran had been thraughout bla 
life a very actlie, acaloun, and aciciitinv 
officer. He «nu born within Kitinburgh- 
caatle, the yaDiigeal *on of Mr. Thonaa 
Kyrr*, who for many year* filled with credit 
the aituation of Chief Engiaeei ia Soot- 
land, a highly reaponaible appointment, 
then oooDecteil with Lbe cinl branpb of 
the Ordnance department, On the break- 
ing out of the Preneh reiolntionary war. 
Mr. Peter Fycra aoUdted and obtained a 
commiaaion in lbe Royal Regiment ot 
Artillery, in which diilinguiibed corpa be 
aencd daring the campaigna of HtM-Sri 
in Holland. He waa employed on board 
bomb-ahipa againil the porta on the ooait 
of Fiance iu K.tG, and he wai engaged in 
the aame deacripliun of aerrlce in the ywr 
1797-t»t under Lord Qambier in U* oi- 
pedition to overawe the Northern ootli- 
7intbe lion. He alio aerred in the ei|>edltton 
and the to Copenhagen in ImOI, under Sir Urde 
„„.... lie. 

It die 

ArUllery. He wu 
present and wounded at the attack of tbe 
Boalogno flotilla by Lord Nelaon i ud 
wai engaged in tJie openlioni againil CO' 
penhagen under Lord Cathcart In IBW i 
aened in the Wilcheren eixpcdttioB and 
the aiege of Fluihing hi 1809 ; ilao In tbe 
campaigoe in UU-U In the Nclher- 
landa, including the aarprite of Berttn- 
op-Zoom and the action of Merxetn. where 
with one gun. which he laid wiih hit own 
eye. he aOenced a bMlery of leveral guna 
of (be enemy, which threatened the (link 
of lbe THth Hlghlinden, then adTincing 
to drive the Frenoh out of that Tillage, 
For thi* aerticB (which wia performed 
under the view of Sir T. Graham, oom- 
miiidiiig Ibe force*) be wu thanked in 
general urdera, and received tlie Com. 
paaiuuthl|] of tbe Uath. Being promoted 
to the regimental rink of M»jor, he came 
home, and Ibua, lo hi* uuceaatng trgnt, 
hiHt tbe opportunity uf lieing preaent at 
Ibe battle of Waterloo. In 1813, having 
then the rank uf Lieut.-Colonel, ho wia 
appointed tu the command of ibe Eocket 
Brigide, which he held for the period of 
hD }tui i lobie^iwiiU; tg nhltb tifl UtciI 



n bla regi- 
II at M Jta 



1846.] Lt.'Col. Syan.—T. Bunlm-a, Etq.—H. Handle^, Eiq. 205 



I 



!■ returonCDl, until bii promotion to bt 
Colonel CommuidBnt of Ilie Tth Bstlkl- 
Uon on ih« 14tli Jane, 1845. Ixird Ncl- 
ton bonoureil him with lii» r'onfideDce anJ 
(Vimdihini ind liia lute Msjeity Willism 
IV, {under wlioiu lie had teryeJ in tlie 
NclherUndi.} i»s pleased in s-how liim 

Li KfT. -Co LOS SI. Rv*», K.H. 
Lettly. In India, on his war from ^^' 
Poniuib to Kiirnchee. from the efl'crts of 
■ vouod receiveil in thebsttliof Sobraon, 
Ueat.-Oaloagl TbaiDii Ry*n. K.H. ind 
C,B., Mflorof Uer Majesty'i 50th Queen's 

This gallant officer waa a nati?e of Ilie 
Sooth or Inhind, and of the Fame diatrict 
viiich gaTe birth to Lord Gough. He 
•Ltereddieannyaj Eoaign, Oct. HI, la05 ; 
«aa promoted to a )ieutenaae<i, April 'iS, 
leoe ; a oaplaincy, Sept. 30, 1819; a 
Majotitjr, Aot^t IJ, ISM ; and to a bre- 
nt lientiinant-calDnelcj, April 30. 1814. 
In IS09, when holding the rank a( Ueute- 
oant, be iccompiinied the expedition to 
^alcheren. He aubdeqneatlf joined the 
armjr of the Feniniula, and received n 
KTere sabre wound in the head and several 
other woDuds at Fuentsa d'Ooor. 

Id 1834 he embarked with the 50th 
for New South Wales, where he remained 
fK »om« iear». 

In Iho Indian ware of late jenrs he was 
OBM oMre c^led luto active service. He 
waa Bttacbed to Major-General Sir John 
Uttler'* diiiaiou at the battle of Maharaj- Mr. 

pon, and led the 3!)thFootin iheirbrilUant 



Tlie two latter geatleBiea « 



e Conaervd- 



the two former a Radical a 
Whig. 

On the death of Mr. Vigari, Colonel 
Druen wua elected, defeating the Hon. P. 
Poithouby ; and at the lut general elec- 
liuii, of 1841, both CoDMirvaiiie cindi- 
dates were lucceaifnl, the poll termiu- 
tiu^aafoUowp;— 
Col. Henry Bruen, - - . . 70S 
Tiiumas Bunburj, eiq. - . - 704 
JoliD Ashton Yatea, Mt{. - - • 691 
Dan. O'Connell, jun. eaq. - - E9t> 
The estates and vait wealth of the late 
Mr. Bunbury are inherited for life by the 
deceased's brother, Colonel Bnnbury, who 
resides entirely in England. At bis de- 
mise Ibev will devolve on his nephew, Cap- 
tuin Wiilinm Bnnbury M'Clintock, R.N. 
who is to assume the name and arms of 
Bunbnry.and whahns been elected bis suc- 
cessor in Parliament. He is tbe second 
son of John M'ClintiK-k. esq. of Drumoar, 
CO. Loath, and has married a daughter of 
-Sir James Matthew Stronge.Bart. A small 
estate of about 300/. a year devolves to 
General Lord Gough. 

Henhv Handlet, Esa. 
June 29. At Snrendeu Dering, Kent, 
(the seat of bis brother-in-law Sir Edward 
C. Dcring. Bart.) aged 50, Henry Hand. 
ley, esq. of Culverthorjie Hall near Slea- 
fnrd, formorlj M.P. for South Uncoln- 



Ihe enemy's balterie*. In hj Miss Sarah Famworth of the s 



a of th'eae memorable charges he had 
bone that under him. The deceased was 
first gnetted without pnrchase, and hia 
hrther promotiooi were eijually un. 
bonght, exi'ept by hard lervice, 

TnoHAg BuNBCBT. Esa. M.P. 

JUag IB. In Crowford-streel, Portman- 
•quare, aged Tl, Thomas Bunhtiry, esq. 
M.P. for the county of Carlo*. 

This gentleman wai the son and heir of 
TbofD** Banbury, edq. ofMoyle, formerly 
H.F. for the aams county. 

Mr. Bunbury twice nnsaccessfully con- 

iMlcd th« conntr of Carlo* in the year 

I 183 J 1 first in Fehnury, on tbe death of 

Mr. Kavanagh. when he was defeated by 

N. Ajlwanl Vigor*, esq. who polled (i(iJ» 

f nttes, and Mr. Bnnbury 6.1.' ■ — ' — ■- 



was cooseqaently cou- 
sin. german to Wiilinm t'amworlb Hand- 
ley. esq. formerly M.P. for Newark. 

He was first returned to Parliament for 
the borough of Heyteabury in 1324. He 
H'as elected for the southern division of 
the county of Liiiuolu at tbe first election 
after tbe Reform Act in 1832, when Mr. 
Ilandley and Mr. Healhcote, both Whigs, 
were ctiosen without opposition, as tbey 
were again in 1835 and 1837. In IS41 
two Cnnservative candidatca appeared ; 
Mr. Handley alone opposed them at the 
poll, and was defeated by a lai^ majnrilj, 
Ihe votes being, for 

Christopher Tornor, esq. - - 4581 
Sir John TroUope, Bart. - - 4S62 
H. Ilandley, esq. - - - 

.„, . , ^ Mr. Handley manicd Oct. IS, 1825, 

th« general election, wbieh terminated the Hon. Caroline Edwsrdes. eldest daugb- 
< fbllowa ; — ter of Lord Kensington (ber younger 

N. Ajlward Vigors, o»q. - - - J30 slater Jane was m.rried to Sir Edward 
loba Ashton Vates, esq. - - - 730 Denng in 1832). 
Col. Henry Brueo, . - - - G43 „ _ 

Thomai Bunbirf, ctq. . - • G43 



I 
I 
J 



FmANOii Glanttllb, Eta. and fbiir dauglrten, Letieia, BUmMIi, 

•Ibnif 3. At Marlow, Buckinghamihire, Aime-Haiiiiah, and Catharin^-Allg6UM. 

aged 83i Francin GlanTille, esq. of Catch- 

frenob, Cora wall, a magtfitrate and deputy 
Umitenant fbr the latter county. 

He was fifth in deioent from the learaed 
]adge, Sir John GUnvUle, justice of the 
Common Pleas temp. Elit. and fourth in 
descent from Sir John Glanville, Speaker 
of the House of Commons in 1640. His 
ftlher, also Sir John, was knightad when 
Shariff of CornwaU In 1755. Hia elder 
brother John GlanTUlOv esq. died unnar- 
rM in 1777 • whereupon he soooeeded to 
tbt fhmlly eatatm. 

Mr. GianTiUa sorred the office of She- 
riff of CornwaU in 1793. In 1794 he waa 
rotamtd to Parliament lor MaUncabnrr \ 
and in 1797 for Plymouth, for which he 
Mt nntil the dieaohition in 180i. 

Mr. QlanTiUe waa twioo married ; Aral, 
In 1790* to Sarah, yonngeat daughter and 
cobiaur of William Maa tar man, eaq. of 
Raslofmal Park, Cornwall ; she died in 
1799. leariM an only dangbter Snrab, 
who in aaarrion to Gordon WiUiam Greyw, 
eaq. of Trewartheniek. Mr. GlanriQa 
nmrried secondly, in 1796. Elixubeth, 
second daughter of Robert Fanshave. esq. 
Commisaiontr of Plymonth Dockyard, by 
whom he bad sefucalohlkiftn. The eldest 
ton, Fimnoia GUnriUo, taq. ia a magia* 
mta and de|>«ty lientenant of ComwalL 
Tbo InU Mr. Datiaa Oabert, in notku^ 
tba aaat of Catchf^roDcb, stated that '* Mr. 
Olantille has given it up to his son, and 
on quitting tba eounty be baacnrtied with 
bim tba rem! of ererr one in it.** (Hitl. 
of Cornwall, 1838, tol. ii. p. 77>. 



Thomas Turnbu Atkin, Esq. 

June 18. At the Court Lodge, Hun- 
ton, Kent, in his 79d year, Thomas Turner 
Atkin, e!>q. for many years a Deputy 
Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for 
that county. 

He was bora July 18, 1774, the only 
son of the Rev. Thomas Verrier AtUn, 
Vicar of Lenham and Eyneaford, by 
Mary, eldest daughter of Tbomaa Twrner, 
esq. of the Court Lodge, Hnnton; and 
baring succeeded to that property on the 
death of his maternal uncle, Thomas 
Turner, esq. Oct. 17, 1821, he aerred the 
office of Sheriff of Kent in 1838. 

He married Jan. 81, 1809, Praneaa- 
Richard, second daughter of Edward Pin- 
fold, aaq. of Looae Court, near Maidstone, 
by whom he had issue one aon and one 
daughter. TV former, who beara tbe 
same names as hia father, married in 18S6, 
Henrietta-Mary-Anne, only diild of Jo* 
seph Warde, eaq. of Dedham, Eseex, and 



Majon Hamilton Iuvink. 

ATaw 25. At hia rcaidence, GreenhUl, 
near Brookeborough, co. Ptrmanagb, in 
hia 77th year, Hamilton Inrine, esq. 
Mi^O** of ^^ Fermanagh militia, ProToat 
of Enniakillen, a Deputy Lientenant and 
juatice of tbe pence. 

He wu born Oct. 41, 1768, the eldeat 
ion of Gerard Inrine, esq. of the same 
place, by hia first wife Anne, daughter of 
Andrew Hamilton, esq. of BalimadonnelU 
0O.DonegaL He senred the office of Sheriff 
of the county of Fermanagh in 1799. He 
waa an officer of the Fermanagh militia 
Wore the Rebellion, and senred with his 
legiment, both in England and Ireland, up 
to the last disembodying. He was, it is 
bcHered, the oldest Grand Juror of the 
county ; and for many years, up to his 
death, ProTOst of Ennisldllen. 

Mi^or Inrine married in Feb. 1798, 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Sandys, eaq. 
of the CO. Longford, and had issue two 
ions, Arthur- Henry and Hamilton-John, 



Capt. W. BALrovn, R.N. 

#V*. 10. William Balfbnr, esq. a ra- 
tired Captain R.N. 

This gentleasan waa a midshipman of 
tbe Irreaistible, 74, Capt. (allerwanis 1^ 
George) Martin, and was wounded In tba 
battle off Cape St. Vincent, Feb. 14, 1797. 

He obtained bu first commlarion In 
1901, and receired another wound wbllat 
serrlng as Lieutenant of the Cleopatra 
frigate, commanded by Sir Robert Lanrie, 
in her desperate action with la VUle de 
Milan, a French national ship of tery su- 
perior force, Feb. 16, 1805 \ upon which 
occasion he was reported to hare rendered 
** every aasistance that could be expected 
from a good and lealoua officer." The 
Cleopatra was taken; but the Ville de 
Milan was so severely crippled, that aba 
fell an easy victim to the Leander, 50, liz 
days after, 

Lieut. Balfour was promoted to the 
rank of Commaoder, Jan. 22, 1806. He 
was subsequently unpointed to the Cock- 
atrice and A^'oodlark sloops. He retired 
with the rank of Captain, SepL 10, 184a 

This gallant officer died possessed of 
very valuable estates, which he has dirided 
amongst his numerous family. His funded 
and personal property iu England, within 
the province of Canterburv, was estimated 
for stamp duty at 1?0,000/., which was 
exclusive of freeholds snd other property 
in Scotland. The acting executor U hJa 
eMest son, David BaUbor, esq. to whom 



1846.] Cnpt. IV. FUuhev^R. V. JikhardtJ—X. 4* Ochoa. 909 



ftntMm wu groBti-U ^m llie Piurogtliit 
tosrt. *t one of Ihe eiet'uton. He b«- 
quwtht (o hi* wIdoK £0,000/.. nilh puwir 
ot d»]>a(itiOD oTti IheHme, mid 1000/. fur 
immcilUtr use, lugether with the furni- 
litn, Ac. in Ihe uiDiiiion u Eilinliurgh 
■nd *t UmitnililoiK? HouH. To hU 



I Da>ii 



lie In 



ilIiFe) 



id all 

mi at tli« eatailed tslalm, To hie 
Mcond •on, WLHUm, the catatF of tiairaaj, 
■ad the namUiled lliid> in Eri« and Rcn- 
ililli »iii to b» ioue. To hi* third loti , 
Gvcprgei tlta cstatea or Hollaml, Diaben, 
IImsmoiIhi, and Kirkwell, and to bia 
mat. To each o( hfa mid three nona, 
Dnidt VlUiam, and Geoi^, he aim 
haTca Ur{e pecuniar? legiciea. To hi> 
Moi, J«nM tod Edward, the landa of 
Of«r Uoger eqaalif between lliem. To 
bit ildwt dan^ter. Hn. Mary Kinnear, 
or bor chUdren, a It^cy of 5.<D0/. The 
priocipaJ bulk of hi* peraanal eitste ii 
MbJKt to Ihetife-ientofMrs. Urnnetla 
BiiUbar> bU node'* widow. At her de- 
CMM th* tmatee* are to pay lo hii aOna, 
WUUun and George, and daaghtir Mary, 
4S00i. to each ) and to hii Kidow. for the 
benefit of hi* other cbildreD—Tii,. Marga- 
ret, Friocca, Jsine*, laabells, Edward, 
J*Mt, aiid HmtIcI, a sum of 1!),00OI., to 
ba dinilral imoiiget them in such pru- 

tbe thould rmaider moat expedient. The 



Cart. W. Fl 

Utf £). At Lower Knowle, *Kiiigi- 
bridoi Derouahire, W'iUiam Pletclier. eau. 
CMtR-N. 

. He wa* Dindo a lieutenant in Oct. 
1S09 : and wounded while lerviug on 
board lb* Xortbumbcrtaad, H. Cnptsin 
(tba Ute Sir Ilenrj) Holhaui, at the 
B m rodioo of two French fiigfltei and a 
Uig. amr I'Orient, May 22d, IH12. Uta 
AWtappoiDtRient* werr,—Jul. 14Ib. 181.1, 
ta Om Elepbuil, 74, Ci|>t. Franci* W. 
Aoiteai— JsD. Slit, 1814. (o III* Superb, 
1*, Capt. the Hon. Charlre Paget ;— Aptil 
fttk, lOle, to (ha Ruysl Ni'bI CoUrp' I 
—and. July 17tb, IS«), to the Royal 
* " 1, from which veatal he wa* 

the rank of Commander on 
followio;. Ho >uli«!> 
qnently eommanded the Tcrrot bomb, 
Bd aeri'cd a* aecond Capdia of the U'il- 
Mn and Mary ynchL His adTauoenietit 
Id tbe niok of Captain took place March 
«b, I82g. 

nil oflieer marrttd, in lB:i6, Eliiabetb, 
daogbtet of }. L. Luicoinbe, of Combe- 
BojiliW. DcTon, esq. 



iMWdoted to tl 
^ 3tKh Not 



R. V. BicyARDs, Em. 4.C. 

Jiili/2. loWhitduU-plaoe. iabiibfitb 
year, Robert Vaughan RiidiBrdi, «an, 
M.A. a Queen'a Counael, 

He waa the third aon of the late Sir 
Richard Rieblrdr, Chief Baron of the 
Court of Exchequer, by Catharine, daugh- 
tiir and heir of Robert Vaughan Humph, 
reya. esq. of Caerjnwch, co, Merioneth. 

He wa> for eonie time a itudeot of 
Christ church, Oxford, where be took 
the dcf ree of B.A. in ISll, being placsd (in 
Enaler (ertn,) la the iini claai both in Lilt- 
ru Huntmi.iiadin diicipl. Malk. tl PAyi. 

lie wail called to the bar by the Hon. 
Society of (he loner Temple, Not. 26, 
IHI9 I and practJtcd na a special pleader ; 
niao in tbe Common Lair Courts, and on 
(be Oxrord and Welsh eireuK*. He was 
one of the eiBmlnen of the Society of the 
Inner Temple ; and waa nominated B 
Qnetn's Coansel in Feb. 1B39. 

He inuried Jant;, daughter and helreit 
of Matthew Cholie, esq. and had lame 
a daughter, Marianue-CatliDriDc, Hil 
body wai remoTvd for inlermeot to the 
fantily (suit at Battertea. 

M. DR OCBOA. 

I^lely. At Pani, igediS, M. Cbulef 
de Oohoa, a distinguished Orientalist. 

His profound knowlege of llindoatanw, 
Persian, and .'iansorit, and hia rxtetiriir* 
acquaintance with the modern lai^nagei, 
pointed him out to M. Villrniain for ■ 
arirntific and liiernry miuloo into Central 
Asia I from wh(mce ho returned to die, 
ere yet liii object waa complete — amttteo, 
amidat his labonn, by the malady which 
has now pniTed fatal. Hia journey, how- 
erer, was not without reautta of nine. 
He brought back witli him arleh collec- 
tioa of maquseriplt— Sanscrit. Mafatwtta, 
Hindottanee, and Peraiaa — together with 
memoir* relating to the Paneei, and doeu- 
mcDts of great nlue on the leUgiooa Itf 
the Djsma. and all (be religiooi eeeti of 
Buddhism and of Hindoitan. M. de 
Oehoa leavea behind him a colleotion, la* 
blading more than a hundred TotomM 
printed In India, and publiahed by the 
prieMa and learned men of the diSenBt 
^eetaiathatcouDtryandinPcnia. "Hum 
works," obsenea a writer in the Jotmul 
(lea Debati, " ate the mon- valuable (a 
the Oriental acbolar. bec*ti>r they htta 
hitherto been buried, beyonil hi* a u tm, 
beneath the spirit of caate and immobUttf 
of idea proi>er to tboee popnlaHona.'' 

B. R. Havdok. Esq. 

/>i»e22. At 14, Burwood Plnce, Edg. 

ware Road, by bis own hand, aged HQ, 

Benjamin Bolwrt Hayilon, teq- Uiterieal 



I 



208 



Obituary.— ^^^amtn Robert B^aydon, jEsq. [Aug. 



Mr. Htydon was a native of Plymouth, 
where his father waa a bookseller. His 
fondness for the arts of design unfolded 
itself in his childhood. At seven years of 
age he was sent to the grammar school at 
nymonth, then conducted by Dr. Bid- 
lake ; and afterwards to Honiton to the 
care of the Rev. W. Haynes, with whom 
he removed to Plympton grammar school, 
which was formerly the place of Sir 
Joshua Reynolds's education. 

After his father had for some time op- 
posed his predilection for drawing, he at 
length gave way to his son*s wishes, who 
left Plymouth for London on the 14th 
May, 1804, and commenced his studies at 
the Royal Academy. He was introduced 
by Mr. Prince Hoare to Fuseli, whose 
exaggerations both of style aud behaviour 
he afterwards too faithfully copied. His 
first picture was commenced in Oct. 
1806, and exhibited in 1807. The sub- 
ject was ambitious, — '* Joseph and Mary 
resting with our Saviour after a day's 
journey on the road to Egypt: '' it was 
purchased by Mr. Hope, the author of 
Anastasius. His second work, " Den- 
ts tus,*' was commenced in Jan. 1808, 
but delayed, and materially altered, in 
consequence of his deriving fresh prin- 
ciples of art from the study of the 
Elgin marbles, to which he for some time 
devoted ten or twelve hours a day. It was 
finished and exhibited in 1809, and in the 
following year obtained the great prize at 
the Royal Institution. 

He next applied himself to the subject 
of "The Judgment of Solomon,'* during 
the progress of which his resources failed, 
and he continued his labours under severe 
privations. At length, it was completed, 
and exhibited in Spring Gardens, and the 
directors of the Institution voted him a 
present of a hundred guineas. He had 
already quarrelled with the Royal Aca- 
demy, or he might now have become an 
Academician. 

He continued however a fast friend 
with Wilkie, though the latter was a man 
of directly contrary temperament, being 
all caution, circumspection, and deference, 
whilst Haydon was alt incaution, obsti- 
nacy, and pride. Wilkie went with Hay- 
don into Devonshire in 1<^.()9, and Haydon 
went with Wilkie to Paris in 1814. There 
Haydon studied in the Louvre. Aft^ 
•n absence of two months, he returned 
home, and commenced his largest work, of 
Christ entering Jerusalem. This was ex- 
hibited with triumphant success in 1820, 
both in London and Edinburgh. 

in 1817 he fixed his residence in Lisson 
Grove, where he established a school of 
paintin g, and had several p upils.* 

* The preceding particulani are chiefly 
12 



Haydon's ambition from the first was 
to distinguish himself as an historical 
painter. Confounding admirstiofi of great 
works with the power to achieve them, 
and mistaking largeness of size for 
grandeur of conception, he presumed 
that he possessed a genius for painting 
sublime pictures; and the senaation 
created by his early worka, e^ieeiany 
'' The Judgment of Solomon,*' helped to 
confirm this idea. But his pictures were 
too large to be hung in private rooms, and 
his treatment of Sir Geoige Beanmont 
was sufficient to alarm all the patrons of 
art. Sir George gave him a commission 
for a subject from Macbeth, intended for 
a particular place. Haydon painted a 
picture three times the required size, and 
was astonished that Sir George Beanmont 
was not delighted with the enlargement 
of his ideas. Previous to a public meet- 
ing of his friends, in ld27f when a pnMic 
subscription was made for his rdief, 
under the presidency of Lord Francis 
Egerton, Mr. Haydon gave Uie following 
melancholy account of tiie fkte of his 
great pictures : — '* My ' Judgment of So- 
lomon* is rolled up in a warehouse in 
the Borough ! my ' Entry into Jerusalem,' 
once graced by the enthusiasm of the 
rank and beauty of the three Kingdoms, 
is doubled up in a back room in Hol- 
born 1 my * Lazarus Ms in an upholsterer's 
shop in Mount-street! and my 'Cruci- 
fixion' is in a hay-loft in Lisson Grove 1" 

Subsequently *' The Judgment of Solo- 
mon*' was bought by Sir William Elford 
and Mr. Tingcomb for 700/. The Earl of 
Egremont bought his *' Alexander returning 
in triumph, after having vanquished Buce- 
phalus/' for 500 guineas ; and Lord De 
Tabley his ** Venus and Anchises," for 200 
guineas. 

In 1827 Haydon's pecuniary embarrass- 
ments compelled him to become aninmateof 
the King's Bench Prison ; where he turned 
his misfortunes to good account by paint- 
ing the *' Mock Election " that was held 
there. The picture was bought by Kinc 
George the Fourth for 500 guineas, ana 
its companion, ** Chairing the Member," 
also found a purchaser for 300 guineas in 
Mr. Francis of Exeter. Another picture 
of the same period was his '* Pharoah dis- 
missing Moses, at the dead of night, after 
the passover/' bought by Mr. Hunter, an 
East India merchant, for 500 guineas.' 

He now attempted portrait-painting, 
which he had previously disdained, but he 
did not study the graces enough to make him 
fashionable, and his manner of painting, 
always tending to coarseness, had become 

derived from a memoir of Mr. Haydon in 
" Contemporary Biography for 182V 
and evidently cune from himself. 



1846.} Obituary.— fiffh;ami» Robert Haydon, Esq. 209 

kw delicate. Uii great partrut-|)i(itnre of energy, whicb often mide hia giuto run 

the " Raform Banqtiet'' did not ad«nCB into eitnvBgonce. However large a ihare 

bii reputation in portriiCure : and hi* beil the (vAU of the men bad in produring hia 

(SHf in this u-alk. the " Anti-Slavery misrartunca, tliere can be no doubt but 

Society," ailract^d little notice. tlut, bad be lived in France or Germany. 

'Ill "Napoleon at St. Helena" n'u one hii demotion to bis profeaiion, and his en- 

lia most luccetuful worka; or Ihia be deavoun to advance the cauae of art, 

punted at lenit Tonr copiet, three of which noold have been more highly apjireclaled 

Ven ordered by Sir Robert Peel, the Dake and better rewarded, 

of DeroDahire, and Iha Duke of Sutber- The melancholy &ct that a man of 

land. It baa been engraved. The in. atrong natnrsl talents and great ability 

tended companion picture. " Wellington both aa an artiiit and a teacher uf hia art 

at Waterloo," proved a Mlure. His late — who was equally remarkable for high 

■mall hiatory piecei were a sad falling courage, energetic determination, and 

off; until he painted '' Uriel and Satan." active iaduatry, and as temperate in his 

(nd bia lait liniibed work, " The BaniBh- habita of life oa he waa ardent and aan- 

nmt of AriBtidea," which showed that he guine in disposition— that such ■ cha- 

kad not loat ell his power. racter should be driven to desperation by 

In 1830 he waa a aecond time while- the failure of hia endeavours to earn ■ 
nahed by the Insolvent Debtors' Court, subiiitenee and achieve a reputation — and 
and again in 183G. On the former yea- this, too, at the very time when the Go- 
don be attributed his miifortunea to his veroment had taken the arts under iti 
not having disposedof "Punch," apicture protection — excites anrprise aa well oa 



whidi he had exhibited ' 

« the alUcks of the John Bnll newe- 
, , .r ; on the latter, to law cipcn)<es, to 
the failure of his exhibition of tlie Re- 
and to bia having been al- 
Ocked in laser's Magazine. 

During this chccqnered and troubled 
ekreer, Ilaydon wrote and lectured incee- 
nntlif. He made coatinnal tirades against 
Ihe Boyal Academy ; even quaireUed with 
the Bntish Institntion about the prize 
Uiej had awarded him, and controverted 
Mr. Payne Knighfs theariea upon the 
Etpn marbtea. In hia own rashion, be 
laboured most actively and lealonstj (□ 
ptomote the advance of the British school 
of painting, and to improve popular 
taste. Both in his writinga and bia con- 
Tcnation be was as warmly eloquent in 
praiae of fine qualities in work of art aa 
be waa violent in his censure of their de- 
fort*. 

In 1840 he gave a course of six loclures 
on painting in the aniversity of Oxford. 
TV first serifs of hia Lectures waa pub- 
liibad in 16 , and the aecond shortly be- 
fore his doceaie. As a lecturer and teacher 



regret. For above forty years had Haydon 
struggled bravely with advene circum. 
atances, and amid the fluctuationa of Tor- 
tUDe maintained a cheerful confidence that 
historical pointing, to which he had en- 
tbuaiaitically devoted himself, would be 
encouraged in England. Be lived to see 
his anticipations realised, so far aa the art 
itaclf was concerned ; but bis hopes of 
benefiting by the result that ho had so 
strenuously laboured to bring about were 
doomed to iliiappointment. The alighting 
of Hajdon's cartoons by the Royal Com- 
mission was the death-blow to his hopes. 
From the very ontaet of his career he had 
sot his heart on being employed to paint 
pictnres for the House of Lorda ; and hia 
last eflorta were directed to vindicate his 
claima to this diaCinction, by carrying out 
the plati he conceived thirty yeara before. 
He appealed from the Commissionera to 
the public when he exhibited his '■ Aris- 
lides " and " Nero ;" and people passed 
the duor of hia exhibition- room in crowda 
to go and see ■■ Tom Thumb."* Pecu- 
niary embarrassments, the result of the 
exhibition, were the imme. 



be showed complete knowledge of his diate cause of Haydon's last act; but m 



aubjecC, and great powers of conveying 
■ odien. His mastery of drawing and 
a knowledge of the human figure were 
very great. Hia power lay in the rejirc- 
■entation of realities : what he saw he de- 
picted boldly and traly— babng that ci- 
eeaa consequent upon hia marking points 
g| character too strongly. Historical and 
iauginative anbjecta were not his fbrle : 
1m Uiought they were, becaoee be burned 
to do great thiugi, and liked to work on a 
large scale. Perhaps he should have been 
a actdptor : the resistance of clay or 
narhle would have suited his physical 
0»KT, M*a,VouXXVL 



the apathf of the public and 
the neglect of the Royal Commission 
broke his heart— he died of disappoint- 
ment. He hod fought through over- 
whelming difhculties before; and would 
hnvB borne up against them now, had he 

' In an entry made In his diary on the 
21st of April the unfortunate man bad 
noted down the number of visitors to bia 
own exhibition, during one week, oa 133J j 
while Tom Thumb's levee, during the same 
period, bad been attended by 13,000 
persons. 



310 



Ontv KiLii^DanUl Asher AU*anihr, Eiq, 



CAng. 



bat entertained the hope of painting a 
firesoo for the new Houses of Parliament, , 
or been cheered under his disappointment 
by popular support. As it '^was, his eyes 
were opened to his lifelong delusion of 
idcnutifying his own auocess with the pros- 
perity of what he called « high art." 

At the coroner's inquest held on the 
body of this ill-starred son of genius, his 
daughter Miss Mary Haydon stated that 
die found him dead on the floor of his 
studio on the mominc of Monday, June 
22, after returning m>m accompanying 
her mother part of the way to Brixton. In 
this state, the body was shown to the 
jurr, stretdied on the floor, immediately 
fai m>nt of a colossal picture (Alfred the 
GrMt and the first British Jury), on 
which the artist appears to hare been en- 
gaged up to the period of his death, his 
idiite burs saturated with blood, in a pool 
of which the whole upper portion of the 
body was lying. The head partially rested 
upon his right arm, and near the latter 
were lying two razors, the one in a ease, 
and the other smeared with blood, half 
open, by its side. There was also near 
the same spot a small pocket pistol, 
which had been recently discharged. He 
was dressed with great neatness in the or- 
dinary attire whidb he wore while engaged 
in painting. His throat had a frigh^ul 
wound, extending to nearly seven inches 
in lengtii, and there was also a perforated 
bullet wound in the upper part of the 
scalp OTer the parietal bone. The most 
singular circumstance, however, in con- 
nection mth the melancholy affair, was 
the extraordinary and careful arrangement 
of the room and the articles therein. Mr. 
Haydon had placed a portrait of his wife, 
to whom he was devotedly attache^, on a 
small easel, immediately facing his large 
picture. On an adjoining table he bad 
placed his diary, which he seems be had 
kept with much care for many years past. 
It was open at the concluding page, and 
the last entry ran thus — 
**" June 22. God forgive me, Amen. 
Finis. 

B. R. Haydon. 

Btrttch me no longer on this rough world. 

Lear. 

•* The end of the 26th volume.*' 
Packets of letters addressed to several 
persons, a statement, and another docu- 
ment headed ** The last ThoughU of Hay- 
don, at half-past ten o'clock a.m., June 
22, 1846," were also placed upon the same 
table, together with the deceased's watch, 
and a prayer-book secured open at the 
Gospel appropriated to the Gth Sunday 
after the Epiphany. 
Mr. Haydon married Mrs. Hyman, 

a widow, and whost 901^1 the R^Yi OrUado 



Hymao, produced the journals of tbe de« 
ceased at the inquest, and read some in- 
teresting extracts in evidence of the state 
of his mind. 

On the 30th June a meeting took place 
at the chambers of Mr. Serjeant Talloardt 
in Serjeants' Inn, to devise some means of 
providing for the widow and daughter of 
Mr. Haydon. Liord MorpeUi presided, 
and among the resolutions were the fbl- 
lowing: — *'That, without presmniDf to 
offer any judgment as to the place waicli 
Mr. Havdon will ultimately fiU in tbe 
annals of his art, or any opinion on tiie 
controversies in which he was sometimes 
engaged, this meeting feels that the efforts 
of his genius, and the drcumstanoes of 
misfortune which obstructed them, justify 
an expression of public sympathy «dth his 
widow and daughter, liiat such ezpres- 
sbn«rould be most fitly conveyed ojr ee- 
curing a permanent provision to his indow 
and (Uughter, left whoUv destitute by his 
death ; and that a public subscription be 
opened for that purpose.'* Mr. Serjeant 
' Talfourd read a letter fh)m Sir R. Fed,* 
stating that the Queen had been pleased 
to grant Mrs. Haydon a pension from the 
Civil List of 50/. a-year, and desiring tliat 
his own name might be put down for 100/. 
as a contribution to the proposed sub- 
scription. It was also stated that Lady 
Peel had asiij^ned a pension of 25/. a-year 
to Mrs. Haydon out of a fund in her con- 
trol; and tiiat Sir Robert Peel, havbif 
found that a son of Mr. Haydon, who 
beld a situation in the Customs, was of 
sufficient standing to receive promotion, 
immediately gave him a step in rank. 
Another son, Frederick, is in the Royal 
Navy. Lord Morpeth, Sir J. C. Hob- 
house, Mr. Serjeant Talfourd, and Mr. 
W. Hamilton, were appointed trustees of 
the subscription. 

D. A. Alexandbb, Esa. 

March 2. At Baring Crescent, Exeter, 
aged 78, Daniel Asher Alexander, esq.r 
formerly of London, and there known as 
an architect of considerable eminence. 

He was educated at St. Paul's Sdiool, 
London, and admitted, in Oct. 1782, a 
student of the Royal Academy, where he 
obtained the silver medal two monUis 
after his admission, and when little more 
than fourteen years of age. On the com- 
pletion of his professional education he 
was called into very important and re- 
sponsible practice, and such as only his 
promising talents could at so early an age 
have justified. 



* The last sum of money Haydon had 
received was a present of 50/, from Sir 
R9bert Peel. 



1846.] 



Obituabv.— /JaiiiW Aihev AUj:aniiti; Exif. 



Hii engOfementi were tritb a g«a«ra- 
tioD Ihit has almost pasged »ma,y. The 
hu EarU of Egreniant, Csmdeii, Ram- 
ner. Radnor, and Polkeitone, were hii 
IMrtKU, and mAOj of ths eamniercial 
■rutoctacf, wbu were promiaent at the 
bqpaauig of the pretcnt century, migbt 
ba aoluDorBted >a bis frieodi aiid nip- 
portara; but we shauld have to mantiaD, 
feriupa, tome oamei who. owing to tbe 
duBgea incident to a trading commumlj, 
h«*« long iiooe sank betow tbe commer. 
cial horuoD, and wbo would now' be 
Karcetj remembered. 

In I7BG Mr. Alexander was nppoiuled 
iorveror {or the London Dock Corapanjr, 
kariDSi in the liiit initance, been Ehosea 
by William Vaughan, ta^. and tbe lata 
Joaapb Koddait, caq. and hia original 
~~Taf or the lite of those docks, com- 
, tad in TQ daja, wa* Touud lo correct as 
I U nqiure Unle or no alteration. 

bb. AkjaBder'e engraved plan of tbe 
London Doclu wan published by Faden 
in its;. The lata Mr. Rennio, at is well 



Wlbp 



rngiueo 



I 



Mr. Aleunder'f principal public worka 

were— the buibtingi in the London Docks, 

mta 1B31 i the Priioa of War at Dart- 

MM ) the Count; Prieon at Maidstone 

I (not the Conrti) ; the Royal Nainl Asy- 

I lam at Greenwich ; the Lighthouses of 

I Beligotand, Uolybeod, Harwich, L^ndy, 

I fame Islands, and otbers ; the Moat, near 

P HaJdatoD* I and many important amelio- 

la of the old Ferrara>like oajitnllated 

ion, Lcngford Castle, Wilt»i and ad- 

. La to BnkiinEtDn HoOBO, Surrey, and 

[ Comlxbaiih. Kent. 

Among hi< earliest worla nis the 
I nldming of Rochealer Bridge, and forni' 
f lag the two centre arches into one, to give 
[. JUMMsi waterway and facilities to the 
I ■■TigatiDa— a work of greBtdifficuJty,Bad 
I Iha aucccHral accomplish meiit of which 
""aded Tcty tDocb to establish Lu repu- 

In 1818 or 1819, he submitted designs 
the Chamber for a new bridge at Ro- 
chester of five arches, to be built in a 
direct line between Itacbeater and Strooil 
design nliicli, if eiecated, 
would have done credit to any age or 
A short time prerioui, Mr. 
lAkiander wot engaged by the city of 
London, in coajonctiou with Mr. Cbap- 
tbe dvll engineer, to surrey sod 
mott on tbe ilate of London Bridge. 

Ha waa long a member of the Archi. 
iMta' Clnb, meetiog at tbe Old Thalcbed 
Boom TWrem, St. James'i-slrect ; and he 

of As ArttaH' Benerolent Fond. 

n* ditocna^ aul weU-adiwatcd pro- 
trniaa tf tiw pmiat day will b« ^uu 



an arciiilect according to tkeir true merit, 
and his work* can beet speak for them- 
seWea ; but it will not, perlispa, be 
arrogating too much to say of him, that 
a chatacteriatio fitness of purpose was 
prominent in every building, whether a 
principal or a subordinata one, and that 
in his bonds the architecture, wbateter it 
was, was ever made to grow out of and 
to form an inhsrent neceiiily of the ttrac- 
ture, and not somelhing superadded as a 
veatmenl to eihibil a mere reprint or im- 
pression of some previously accredited 
combinations. He always regarded ardii- 
lecture as a reality based upon comoKm 
sense, and ariamg purely out of tbe neons. 
sity of every case, not as an eiotic to be 
merely transplanted from another clime 
vrithout reference to circomstancet ; not 
to be servilely adopted ai port of s saored 
canon banded down to ns from classic or 
medieval days for senseless imitation ; 
nor, like a confession oi faith, to be held 
without doubt, whole and undc&led, and 
repeated over and over again, aa admitting 
neither of variation nor improtement. 
He ever distinguished between the sense 
original architectural feature and 



4 



Ibc a 



leof a 



I of it 



However insignificant the object waa i 
bis hsnds, n-hetbera mere ramp in e wall, 
■ pier, or a chimney shaft, a person of 
any discernment could not fail to sea that 
it bad proceeded trom an architect, 
althongb at the same time, there was no 
nffeetatHm of arcbiteetum about it. His 
knowledge of conalruction was of the 
most tborongh kind, and enabled him to 

tion to t^eir details. His ability to enlist 
the liearly co-operation and even aeal of 
tha OTtiaan or mechanic in the succeaa of 
his coutrivances and the execotion of 
their work, waa very striking and adwu 
tageoua. 

Two of laigo Jones's works, tbe 
Qncen'a House at Greenwich (now the 
Naval Aaytnm) and Coleobill House, 
Berks, came under Mr. Aleinoder's hands 
at different periods, and we have heard 
bim complimented from tbe chair of the 
Royal Academy by the late Sir John (then 
Mr.) Soane for the gratification be had 
ofTorded to all lovers cf Jones's worka 
in the Eubataatially coDserratlvc repairs 
he had made to those edifices, and eipe. 
cially in the scrapuloaa Exactitude with 
which every port had been restored and 
preserved wiUiout addition or diminu&Hl. 
As an evidence of his strict seme of pro- 
priety on this point, we sre able to give 
bis own wnrda by a memorondiun acoi- 
dcntaUy preserved in a note in hie own 
kand-wriODj. Iliiwtoltowi;— 



4 
I 



ii9 



OtitVAnrj^Damul Ather Atexander, Etq. 



[Aug. 



<( 



When the Neral Asylum wis began 
in 1807» I elippetl a note into the Doke 
of Cnmberland's hand, who was then 
fitting at the Board as President, J%mt 
ike mrekitect b§ dirtcied to form kis plan 
in fine/ meeordanee triik the tiyU qf 
Jnigo Jone9: the Board at that sitting 
adopted it, and the building now tells the 
tele/' 

Very many architects perhaps would 
hare done the same, but it would be well 
if all were alike scrupulous. 

The building aboTe mentioned garc rise 
to the acquaintance and long-tried friend- 
ihip which existed between Mr. Alexander 
ana Sir Francis Chantrey. On Mr. 
Alexander's applying to his friend Flax- 
man to recommend him a young artist to 
model busts of the four British Admirals, 
Howe, St. Vincent, Duncan, and Nelson, 
to place in Inigo Jones's hall there, Flax- 
man observed, *' There is a young man 
who has a colossal bust of Satan this year 
in our Exhibition ;. go and sec it. He'd 
do them well and thank you ; he has much 
talent, and is looking up for employ." 

An intenriew soon tooK place. Chantrey 
gladlj undertook the commission, saying 
that he should be satisfied with any money 
remuneration, as the doing them for such an 



institution would introduce him to notSoey 
and be quite a sufficient payment. Ten 
pounds each was, however, the price egreed 
to on both sides ; and there the b«fts 
stand, and are quite an earnest of the 
Sculptor's future fame. 

Two letters of Mr. Chantrey's, written 
in 1815, to Mr. Alexander's eldeet khIi 
an architect of considerable attainmeaty 
but who, subsequently, left the profeseioii 
for the Church, and died Vicar of BidL- 
leigh, in Deronahtre, in 1843, may not be 
uninteresting to our readers, being on a 
kindred subject to one which has, ha more 
recent times, given occasion for much dif • 
cussion, ris. *' a coIujmi to TVelfon.*' Hie 
young architect was at that time making a 
design, in competition, for a monnment to 
be erected to Ndson on the tea shore In 
Norfolk. They will be found in the note.^ 

Although Mr. Alexander had, for many 
years, left die profession, he did not ceaae 
to take a lively interest (so far as frequent 
and severe indisposition permitted), in 
everything connected with it, especially in 
those gigantic works of modiem times 
which have shrivelled former laboura into 
comparative insignificance. 

His latter years were passed in the 
boiom of domestic and social ties — his 



«< 



• Letttrt ^ Sir F, OUtnirtp, 

Dkar Sir, — If you place a statue of Lord Nelson on your column, it should be 
large and of substantial materials, not of thin plates of metal, and it should be the 
principal ornament of the monument — ^magnificently grend, not one diameter only of 
the shaft, as in the Trajan and Antonine columns, because in them there is a proftision 
of ornament, of which the statue forms only a very small portion. These works are 
in the florid style of art, which cannot well be accomplished in this country ; nor are 
they suitable to the climate. 

" I should say adopt the severe and grand style — what you are deficient in in detail 
make up by quantity ; if you introduce basso-relievos of sea fights you need no ships' 
prows on the sub-plinth ; and I would construct it in such a manner that it should 
wear to the very core. Make the ornaments few in number, but let them be English, 
intelligible to the meanest capacity — you have nothing to fear from classical dunces. 
These are the true sentiments of your sincere friend, 

** F. L. Chantaky, 

«• 7b J/r. Daniel Alexander, Jun,'' •* Goubton-st., 9 Feb., 1815.»' 



Again, on the same date, he says : — 

" As to your design for the column to be raised to the memory of Nelson, I am 
afiraid you are in danger of falling into too many parts, of perfecting the detail and 
leaving the /irei and grand principles undigested. The first object is to make it 
applicable to Lord Nelron, and to fjord Nelton only.* 

*' Architecture cannot do this without the aid of sculpture, and common eense says 
the prindpnl sculpture of the monument should be the Hero to whose memory it is 
raised, and in tiie garb in which he won his renown, marking distinctly the period and 
the nation to which he belonged. It may be said this will not be classical I say it 
will be classioal if it be elegantly natnral. We must no longer raise monuments to 
the Greeks and the Romans. The Greeks did not rear monuments to the Egyptians 
or the Pertians, but to their own countrymen, and to the gods of their popular 
bdiflf. I ooold lay much more on this interesting subject, but have not time now.*' 



♦ « In EdUibvirgh a column is erected they say to the memory of Nelson, but no o&« 
kaowi it notU be ii told.'' (This gUadee to the monument on the Calton Hill.) 



IS46.] Mr. Slatthete H«nry Barker — Rev. CharUa Maya, D.CX. 919 



(IroDg miail cODtinaiagunimpairedDearlf 
to the lut ; bit faiuil]r and limited circle 
of frieudi were tbiu priTileged to enja; the 
twneAts of bis converutioD uid enlarged 
experioim for a lengthened period, la his 
retiremenl he buried three of hi« aoni, nt 
tha Te«pecliTe ages of 19, 22, and 40. 
Hn. Aleiaiider and one aon, and, we be- 
lieve, file daughters, lunive him. 

Mk. M.1TTHIW HeNRV BaBKBH. 

Jnnt 29. Aged b6, Mr. Matthew Henry 
Barker, the author of seTcral qbtbI novels 
uv) sketchea, and known under the name 
of the Old Sailor. 

He was the son of a dissentiDg oiinisler. 
who for nearly lialt n century preached in 
Ihe tamo chapel at Deplford ; and bro- 
ther to Mr. John Theodore Barlier, a 
•choolinuter al the same place, who wu 
the antbor ofaome papeta on utronomj' 



Bentiey'i Misceth 
al the close of his life, the Pictorial Time* 
and L'nitod Serrice GaMtte. He wrote 
s good deal under the designations of 
Father Ambrose and The Wanderer, aa 
well BB that of Tbe Old Sailor. His sea- 



replet. 



with 



igoor 



I 
I 



originality : and the amoont of adienture 
and charaeCeriBtic truth in all bji natal 
iceuea and portraits will long transmit bii 
fame to British seamen, and the nation at 
large, as anotber Dibdin, infusing the 
highMl seotimentB of valour, patriotisni, 
humanity, and good feeling into their 



"Time'i Telescope 
Gaxetle. 

At the age of sLtleen hen-fnl to Sea in an 
Indianiaa, after which lie entered the 
Royal Navy. Hu highest promotion was 
acting-master of the Plamer gnn-bHg, 
Uiing also served in the Inreitigator 
varreying vessel, and the Swan cutter ; 
(rat aomewliat later be commanded the 
Tme Briton hired armed schooner, cnrry- 
ing deapalchef under Lord Keith at the 
nomeotouienof 1613. The war having 
terniiuted left him unemployed, and his 
Utenry aspirations then prevailed over all 
other objioln. He wont to Demerara, 
where he edited the Demersra Gazette, 
and OB his return to England in 1823, 
pobliahed hia ArsC succesaful eflbrti as a 
chranieler of natal "yams," with the 
GUe of "The Greenirich PensionerB," in 
the Literary Gazette. Hit next Inmsicion 
waa to br editor of the Notlingham Mcr- 
cnry, wtucli he conducted with inoch 
abiUty on liberal or Whig pHDclplei tram 
the antnan of 18^ to tbe spring of 1841. 
In tbiaitatioD, as in every other, bo never 
forgot the spirit which ought to breathe 
tbrongbonl every department of literature, 
bnt in Ihe midst of angry and violent 
polities presened tbe feelings of gentle- 
manly respect, and thus conciliated the 
approbation of all ranks and parties in 
and near Xottingham, — from Lord Ran- 
cUlle, Colonel Wildmao, and Mr. Mus- 
twrs, and the CoriwratiDii and dlisens, to 
tbe poorest band working at his press. 

Aj an author, his prodactions o<^upy a 
broad space. Among them were " Land 
iBd Sea Tales," "Tongh Yams," " Walks 
rannd Nottingham,'' " The Literary 
Manse-Trap." "Hamilton King." " Jem 
Bvnl," "The Victory," "Tbe Jolly- 
Boat," " The Life of Kelson," (penned 
fitbcongeoia] feelings), " ISigbti »t Sea," 



Like the vast majority of bis order, h* 

uied in harness and in poverty — all hia 

toils filing to do more tbau support him 

in decent haniility and wasted health, 

id the Literary denied needfiil repose to recruit hia 

igth, and reelore him to useful labour 



He bad seen much of Ihe wotid in every 
cliioe, and his better writings lack nothing 
of Che powers of Smollett, whom he most 
nearly resembles. In tbe common inter- 
course of life and all his literary concerns, 
he was the most atraightforwaid represen- 
tation of a firm -purposed, warm-hearted, 

A widow, in wretched health and very 

also a son and daughter, the former of 
wham, having passed his life in the ser- 
vice of tbe General Steam NavigaBon 
Company, has been appointed an officer 
of tlie Customs by Lord John RussclL 

Rev. CUAKLEH Mavo. D.CL. 
The Rev. Charles Mnjo, B.D. late 
Fellow of St. John's college and Profimsor 
of Anglo-Saion at Oxford, of whom a 
brier notice waagiveninour June number, 
V. S0\ , ii tiiU Initig. The Rev. Chariea 
Mayo, D.CL, who died at Cheam on the 
33d Feb. was bis cousin, and bad also been 
a Fellow of St. John's college, Oiford, 
He was educated at Merchant Taylon' 
school under tbe late Mr. Cherry, and 
was elected lo a scholarship at St. John's in, 
June IHIO. In April iai3 he waa elected 
by his college to a fellowship on the Law 
line of that societyj and took tbe degreea 
in that faoullj, vu, B.C.L. January 37, 
1S17; D.CL. Oct. II, 1822. la tba 
interval between these degrees. Dr. Mayo 
visited Switzerland, chiefly with a view of 
obtaining inFormation as (n tbe system of 
education pursued by Pealalozii, asulqect 
in which he ever took the most lively 
interest. He resided in the eilabliahment 
formed by Pestalozii for tamt (ev years, 
during wbicli be became Mtremely inti- 



I 
1 



Cltrgg Diotiueii. 
nitb, and tttavhed to, tbe louDder of al Psrii bj ti 



[Aug. 



tfaiem, ind ii(!qDired a pcrfi 
Imowledge of iti detail*. lUtuming to 
EogUnd, be loon after commenced an eatn- 
bluhment on a simiUrpluiat Cheaiu.nlicre 
biitucceis hir uceEded his own rxpeclB- 
tions or tbe predictioog of hig frieads, and 
he MOD found that bi» numbers were onlj 
to be limited by tbe extent uf his accom- 
Inodation, viiicb was on an exteniive and 
noit liberal tcale. Dr. Mayo nas admi- 
rably calculated for the profeaaion of bia 
cboice. Ha «aa qnick in tbe diacrimina- 
tion of cbaracter, eltremely kiDd-hearted, 
and Tsry forbearing and coniiderate, but 
withal firm where resolution vaa required, 
and his boyf knew (hat be iraa not to be 
deceiied. They all loied and rcfipected 
him, and plaoad confidenoe in him , ' '" 
felt that be dcscned it and look ai 
in etcry thing with which they w 
DCCted. There are few peraoni wlio on 
dcrtake tlie drudgery of education liecausi 
they like it— this Dr. Mayo did ( and l< 
hia oier luuLiely and eiertiooa in thi 
can«e — a cause hia whole heart waH in— 
may be ascribed hia prematare death, foj 
he oaa not more tbaii lifty-threc or foni 
when the event happened. 

Dr. Mayo wrote aeteral pamphlets con- 
uected with hia profeSBion: wehaieBeen— 

ALectureonlbePriDcipleaofPeitaloEii 



r three leiiu of carica- 



Inrea— M. Vieui-Boi», (which w 






Crcpin, &c. waa requiule to excite public 
corioaity aa to what might be the worth of 
the more teriaaa works of tbia jojrom 

It becunc then, a it were, a diacovery, 
end (he reputation of M. TopSei wai *■- 
pedally extended in families to wham be 
gave a kind of l)ook rare enongb in alt 
countries, but still more ao in Fraaoe ; 
books gay without being objectionabU, 
and witty without immorality. This tardy 
renonn did not dazile the uoTelist, who 
had e«tablislied a erliool, and wbo modaitly 
contioued hia arduous labour*. He bat 
JDSt iQccumbed, aJYei a cruel maladj, 
they IcRving amongst hii pnpiU, bia friendi, 

Lterest and eepecialiy his readers, many k hittor 

1 con- feeling of regret. 

CLERGY DECEASED. 

March 'H. On his pisiage from Van 
Diemen's Lduid to England, aged 31 ■ tbe 
Iter. Edmund Jehm Pogton, D.C.L. a 
Uw Fellow of St. John's college, Oxford i 
fourth and •econd surviving son of tbe late 
Colonel Pogton of Kesgrave llonse, near 
Weodliridge. 

May H. In his 75th year, tbe Hon 



MajlaSG; printed SRuin in IHW, under Very Her. Henry LeuU HqIitI, D.D. 
die title of a Memoir of Peitaloaai. " ' ' ' 

ObserTations on the Establishment and 
Direction of Infanta' Schools, IHZ7. 

A Sermon on Infant Education : 
~ ~ 9, preaclied at CbelsBa, and 

printed there in 1H3'J. 

Lessans on Objeuts, 1H3U. 

Lesaona on Number, IH.Il. 



Dean of Windsor and of WoUerhainpto*. 
Registrar of tbe order of the Garter, Vioal 
of Wantage, Rector of Noclon, Lhioeln- 
ebire, and of Uaselay, Oxfordshire : oncla 
to the Earl of Buckinghamshire. He iraa 
the fourth and youngest son of George 
ibe third Earl, by Albinia, eldest daughter 
iind cobdr of Lord Were Bertie, secimd 
son of Robert first Duke of Ancutar. 
He was of Christ's college, Cambridge, 
M.A. IVi'i. D.D. IBIG : was presented 
o the rectory of Nocton (ralue b60ii) in 
IBlIi, by Ldrd Chsnceilor Eldon ; ap- 
pointed to the united deaneriea of Windaor 
and WolTethaniplon, with the ractOT; o( 
llaaeley annexed to the former, in 1816 ; 
and took tlie licarage of Wantage ^n tbn 
gift of tlie Dean and Chapter of Windsor, 
and north 5<l.1'. per non.) in Wii. By 
the 3 and i Vicl. cap. 113. aec. 13, the 
rectory of llatele; was detached from the 
<leanery of Windsor on the death of Dr. 
. . , .... llobart I and by tbe same clause the Re*. 
erdeMaistre, the author William Birkett, the curate, becomes the 
iui " and of the " Voyage rector ; after whoae death tbe preseuta- 
1 Cbambrfl," when book, tion will revert to the Dean and Chapter 
sellers, enticed by tbrsuroess of (hem two of Windsor. Dr. Hobart married, in 18S4, 
novetl, besieged him with entreaties for Charlotte Seliaa, Eccond dinghter of 
other works of Ihe aame kind, simply sent Richard Moore, eiq. of Hampton Court 
a M. Topffer. Still the renown of Palace, and has left isne four daugbt«n 
le latter wu slow to pass the bounds of and two sons. Hia will was proved on 
UtMtlntvni AUQw neons iwU«r«l tltsMicf Jui, by twg e( Ut tusatna, 



M. Tor 

Lately. At Geneva, aged 47, M. Ro- 
dolphe Topfler, s hmnoroiu author and 
■rtdst, who produc 
known work*. 

A painter by profession, but disabled by 
ophthalmia, he studied letters, which 
helped him to translate in another sfaspe 
hia artisticalimpressione. In his works — 
""' " Voyage en Zigasg," tbe " Nootelles 
— '---,'■ the ■' Presbytire," Sic— 
a landscape, many a caricature, 
many a swceful profile, which he would 
have thrown on canvaaa had he poseeased 



J 



1846.] 



Clei-gi/ DtteOied. 



Captain Sir O«0ii^ Tjler, S.N. and Mr. 
EdmoDd FiUmooro, of the Inner Temple. 
The psnonal nitats -mas cfltimatcd at 
35,000/. To hie widow he ha* beqocsthrd 
■nnail; o( ilOO/., in addition to the 
DTDviaiaiu nader marriage aettteraenC, and 
learee to her hi; carriagei, horaen, and far- 
re ; the reitdne of W» propertj to be 
divided amodgit his children. 

Mag 16. At CoTentrr, aged S3, the 
Eer. Robert »imviii, LL.B. Vicar of 
St. Michael's chureh. in that eitj. He 
Wta the ddrst ion of Robert Simson, M.D. 
a very celebrated physician of Covcntrj ; 
•nd in earlj life entered the military «er- 
rioe, in which he trai preaent at the me- 
norable siege of Oifaraltar, in 1779. He 
a1«Q a witneu of that lamentable 
It, the loss of the Royal Geoi^e, at 
Bptthead, in 17H2. HaTiog afterwards 
eotered the chnrcli, be was presented to 
" e liring of St. Michael, Co»entry. in 
1793, since whicli period he has been a 
eonitant resident with his paiiihloneri, 
his ^uiet and unauuming liabita and de- 
portment obtaining for him the affectian 
and respect of all persona, including those 
who were of different opinions on religious 
rabjecls. For nearly forty years be per- 
fbrmed the vliole of his clerical duties 
bitnself. since whleh time he has been 
■adated by a cnrate. In tlie year 1R43, 
being the fiftietii anniveraary of iiis In- 
onmbency. his parishioners, to testify their 
high opinion of bis meritorious conduct, 
placed his portrait in their vestry. 

Junt G, At Ventuor, Isle of Wight, 
aged 34, the Rev, Thtimat Hatrg Beu- 
jamin Bund, M.A. of Trinity College, 
Cambridge, eldest and only surrlTlng son 
of Col. Bund, of Upper Wick, near Wor- 
Mltcr. 

Aged 5(j, the Rev. II' Slalter, uf Rose- 
IdU, iu-.ar Oxford. 

Jtme 7. At Reigate, Surrey, in his 72d 
fear, tho Rev. Baraet SaCnAiury votton, 
Rinnerly Ordinary of Newgate. He pre- 
Tiooaly kept a school at Cuckfleid. He 
waa appointed Ordinary of Newgate in 
ISIS : and after 55 years' service he re- 
tired on n pentdon granted by the Court 
of AldermeniiDlS'ie. On lhe2Uth Dec. 
' the aamo year, his irurioua coltcction 
books on angling was dispened by 
Ur. Leisb Sothcby. Hisriivoiuiteparsnit 
dnrinc many years hud been the eollec- 
Uon of antiquities, books, and aotograpbt, 
■ large part of which was sold, and a rare 
portion has been preserved liy liil eldest 
•on. Lynch Cotton, esq. who inherila his 
flrehoU estate at Reigate. By hi* wUt he 
bu bequeathed to hia tiro danghtera and 
second son hla personal property, with the 
residue, eii'ept .f 10, which he givrs to bl* 
ohlicrraati He nuiTiicd Cvgluto-AmcUai 



oged (iO. His body is placed in the family 
vault in the Old Church at Reigate. 

/■me 10. In Cambridge terrace, aged 
CI. the Rev. Bdvard Trmtnan, Rector 
of Drewiteignton, Deronshire, to which 
he wax institnted tn 1810. He married 
March 13, IH35, Emma, third daughter of 
the late Sir ^lUiam Strickland, ofBoyii' 
too, Bart. 

June IS. At Brampton manor-hotlae, 
near CliesterAeld, aged 55, the Rer; 
.Valnn Vmcnl, M.A. Perpetual Curate 
of Brampton St, Thomas, to which be was 
presented in IBS! by the Dean of IJncolo. 
He married, Nov. 4, lH35,TabithB, second 
dooghter of Mr. B. Longson, of Walton 
Works, near Chesterfield. 

Jnne 14, At Usk. aged 62, the Rev. 
Jamei Barnard Daviet, Rector of Kemeyt 
Inferior, MonmouthsMre, and for many 
years an acting magistrate. He wai of 
Jesus enllege, Olfard, M.A. 1811, and 
was presented to bia living since 1836. 

Jmt 16. Ag«d8S,thBRev,Jo(nMPrfc«, 
Rector of Great Monden, Herts, and tin- 
merly Vicar of High Wycombe, Bneki. 
He was of Merton college, Oxford, 
M.A. 178a. He was presented to High 



Aged 82, the Rev. HtjiTy Di/ton, Rector 
of Weiham. Bneka. tfe wna formerly 
Fellow of King's College, Camhridge, 
where he graduated B.A. 1789, M.A. 1792, 
and was presented to bis living in 18U 
hy Lord Chancellor Eidon. 

June 25. .^t Stoke-npon-Tcm, Shrop' 
shire, aged R3, tho Rev. Oneald Lrytttttr, 
Rector of that pariah. He was nnele to 
the late Ralph Leycester, esq. of Toft- 
hall, Cheshire, M.P. for Shaftesbury, and 
brother to the late Hugh Leycester, esq. 
K.C. one of the judges of North Walea, 
being the fifth and yonngest ion cf Ralph 
Leycester, eiq. (who was born in the nth 
century, — 16!JD) by Katharine, daughter 
and coheiresi of Peter Gerard, esq. of Cre- 
wood. He was formei'ly Fellow of King's 
college, Cambridge, where he graduated 
B.A. 1773, M.A. 1777. and was presented 
to the rectory of Stoke-upon-Tcm, in 
I80ti, by R. Corbet, esq. He married, 
first, Mary, danghter of P. Johnson, esq. of 
Sempcrly, Hud secondly, EUsa, daughter 
of Charles White, esq, of Manchcsler. 

At Kidhi-ook Lodge, Blackheilh, aged 
55, tlie Rev. Georgt Robert Mannlain, 
Rector of Haiant, Hontl. He was the 
third son of (lie late Right Rev, Jseob 
Mouataln, D.D. Bishop of Quebec, and 
brother to the Riglit Ret. aeorgc Je- 
hosepbat Mountain, now Birhop of Mon- 
tmX. Hf wu voUoled lu tbt rmtory of 



25, bjr Dr, Tamline, th«i 



tAuj. 

aJvancAd tgt, Thouu Qarratt, 



BUbop of Wincbeater. He murled MUi ttq. at NewingioD Green. 



CitbirJDe Hinchlilf. 

Juitt 2G. A( South Coi-keringtnn. Liii- 
colnihire, igeil M, the Rev. Richard FfH- 
IM. M..^. Virar of that parish 



t Wilvorth, IlaDDah, reliot of Wil- 
m Oabume, esq. 

lunfU. InPsrli-roiil.Ilegeal'iPark, 
I. - ..... .^ Ltitf Jaue Muirheid. 



jHHi 3d. Al Wbi(emi>i>r. Noto. aiH great-iant or the Duke of Atholl. Sbe 
31, the Bev. WUIiavi FrmteU iHikin. «■■ the onlj loniTing dmshter of Joliu 
M.A. Fellow of Magdalenr rallege, Ox- Che third Duke, b]r h» eoniin hlAj Cbw- 
ford. _ ., . . '""* Mnmy, onljr lurriTln; chlW uf 

Jimei secoDii Duke of AUioll. She «ss 
bom Dee. 3. 1704, biM married at Balh, 
An;. 8, IT85. John Grouel Mulrheid, 
of Greadtaholni. en. Lanark, vlin 
ID IBDE, barini: liad no liiue. 

lenmith. aged 9i. Mar)', 
widow of Jamea Mom, ecij. aad tlau. ur 
the late John Walford, eaij. 

At the hoiue of hii (randfalher Tho. 
rail Acock a, eii|. of Suiaex-gardcna. 
William -Acockf, onlv iod of tbe lale 



/wie?!). AlCleyneit 111* Sea, Norfolk, 
need <7, the Re*. f'Aarto Marcoti, foi 
many yean Curate of that parilh anil 
Ilinworth. caq. 

Jmt ?,<}. At St. Albaa'e, aged 4S. the died 
Re*. Jmfh Burner Walton. M.A. late At Hi 

Vicar of Norton. Hcrta. He w«i ol 
Bnunanoctcaltegp.Camhridge. B.A. IK24, 
and nil jireitntcd to tbe lioaragc ol 
Norton in lt)3l, In J' Wation. eic|. 

July 1. The Rev. MarcHi Faltoan, 
Rector of Lajde. eo. Antrim. 

July 3. At [[.imlelt home, Suuei, 
B^ 30, Ihe Ret. Ciaritt Pivtmtn Sand- 



I rectorT. ated 6i, the 



Oiford-tci . ., 
Park, aged CI , Eliubeth wife of WUlioni 
Coartoey, »q. 

In Devonthlre'roid, Wandaworlli-roaii, 



J-fy- .- ^ - . 

Rer. Richard Bum, Reotor of the nnilvd aged 35, CapC. John Percival Robin* ... 
poriBbea of Beaumont and Kirk- Andrew'* At Camberwell, aged li2, Jamei Piickle, 
on Eden, Cumberliud, to which he wm cm, 
preienled in I81& by the Earl of Lonidole. In Milner-*i|. lilin^n. aged 69, George 

July 6. At Chatteris, Cambridgeabtre, Whiteley, emt- late of Loadon-it. 
in the home of hJa aoa.in.laH Henry June 17. At St. Thomaa'i-iq. Hack- 
Skeela, eaq. aged 77, the Rev. Henry ney. John (iiheme, enq. of Bond-it. for 
"*'"' many yeara wine meriont to bii late 

Mi^jeaty Gmric the Fonrth'a Houaebnld. 
J^at^t. Aged 92, Mary, widow of 
Wm. Wrat, caq. of Weat-iq. Soutbwark. 



Clerk. 



DEATHS. 



Jan. 18. At the rendenoe of hii aon- 
io-law Mr. E. Moaeley. Upper (iloucea- 
ler St. aged 73, Thoniat Beehy, eat), late 
of CamlKmell. 

April 10. At her reaitlcnoe, Somera 
Town, aged 71, Lucy, relict of Thoma* 
Roberaon. eiu. lale Town Clerk of Oiford , 

Afoy 2!). In Hyde Park-gardena, aged 
47, Capt. Sir Si>enccr Lambart Hnnler 
VaasaU, B.N.. K.H. Ho wa« the eldest 
ton of Lient.- Colonel Spencer Thomaa 
Vataall, (who was mortally wounded at 
the ilorming of Monte Video, in Sonth 
America,) by the daughter of the Rer. D. 
Evana, D.D. He attained Ihe rank of 
Captain in the Koyal Navy in IH37 : and 
received the honour of knighthood from 
ber preeent M^ealy, In 18.18. 

Jmu 10, At the raideiiMr of Capt, 
Powie, Greenwich, aged 30, Miu Jane 
rirant Wilkinion. She committed auicide 
liy taking enongh of the eaaentinl nil of 
almondf to deitroy eight peraona. Ver- 
dict, " Temporary Derangement." 

Jvne 13. Aged ?5, Peti-r Edward, 
lenmd aorviving aon of J. W.Warren, taking prusilc acid. Verdi 
«q. of tlic Grove, Kentish Town. In»»nilj." 

13 



In Ihe Briaton-road, the rslicC 
AmhroBo Uourdon, eeq. 

In Great Cumberland-pl. H)'de Park, 
Mary, widow of Sir John Peler, K.M.H. 

Jmt I!). Al Hampattad, aged 18, 
Ellen, fourth dau. of the late George 
Raike», eaq. of Felbridge, Surrey. 

Agrd IH, Ellen, wife of Henry Davia. 
caq. of Upper Bedford-pl. 

At North Briaton, aged 43, Jamea 
Kinloeh Walker, esq. 

In Bloomabury-aq. aged 58, Willian. 
Blackburn, of Lincoln'a-inn, esq. eldeal 
aon of (ho late William Blackburn, eiq. 
of Soutbwark. 

Mary, wife of J. C. Farebrotber, oq. 



June 20. Aged S3, Mr. Samuel But- 
ler, aon of Mr. Butler, chemist, St. Paul'* 
Cburch-yard. It appeared that he bad 
funned a alrong attachment to a young 
lady, to whom he wiihed lo be married. 
hnl hit fetlier proposed a abort delay a» 



and he jiolaoned 




1846.] 



Obituary. 



Sir 



I 



tn RiTer>9t. Myddelton-tq. tg«d i3, ol Kdtittt, Oslotithire, Only diu. of the 
aUluril Alton, esq. ber Majeatf '■ Vice Ule E. Webb. uq. Cole-hotue, Glonce*- 
CqimdI for [he lalmd of Tcrcein, Aioree. tersbire, man; ;e*ri M.P. Tor Gioncester. 
At Dolsloa, aged 19, Emilj, wife of In London, of panljiU. tgti 77, Mrs. 
W. P. Inglis. esq. and youDgeit dsu. of SasanB. Fletcher, formerlr of Kingiton, 
R. Aldridge, esq. of tbe wme place. Jamaica. 

Aged bi, Caroline, wife of B. B. In Sloane-st. Chelsea. Mr. Tbomai 

Saurl, esq. of Con naught- temoe. DowniDg. Collector of St. George's Hos- 

Tn Old Mtllman-Bt. aged GT, Miss pital upwards of 29 yean. 
LawBS. Jii/y 1. At Cheyne Walk. Chelsea, aged 

At Stamford Hill, aged 74. Mrs. Wil- 6ta', Wm. Moore, esq. tormerlf a partner in 
JiCDU, late of Great St. Helen's. the house of Bicknell and Moore, Old 

Aged CO, Robert Benson, esq. of Siu- Bond-st. 
■i-iq. formerly of Liverpool. July 2. A few days after bU arrital 

' ~" ■" ■- ■■ ' -' ■ ■■ from Sydney, ConstantinaTaibotCrichton, 

esq. son of Sir Alexander Cricfacon. 

Jul]/ 3, In Cheapside, aged 47. Richard 
Staadly, «iq. 

Tn Upper Beikeley.at. Anne, widow of 
Cap[. Mayotty. of the Eaat India Co.'s ser- 
vice. She was passionately attached to bra 
husband, who died about s\i. weeki since. 
Since that period she had giien way to tbe 
greatest despondency, and peraisled in visit- 
ing the graTo of her husband daily. On 
Wednesday last abe again went to the 
Kensat-green Cemetery, accompanied bj 
a sculptor, with whom she mads arruige- 
ments for tbe erection of a tomb lo tho 
memory of Capl. Mayotty. On her re- 
turn to her reiidence she was immediately 
eeLied with such s violent paroxysm of 
grief that it threw her into a strong con- 
lulsire fit, which terminated in death. 



C roach End, Horasey, aged 
Jtdm Grant, esq. 

June SS. At Chests c- terrace, Regent's 
Park, Caroline-Sophia, fourth dan. of 
Janes Gordon Murdoch, esq. 

At Hr. Benton's, Abchnrch-laoe, aged 
64. James Edmondson, esq. of Boames. 
Cumberland, and Deaford. Leiceatersblre. 

Juiu S3. At Camberweli, aged 6^, 
Nicholw Byerley. esq. 

/unt 34. At the house of her friend 
Mis* E. Jonea, Dake-st Fortland-ptucs, 
aged G5, Sarah- Dorothea, relict of Cbria- 
lopher Broome, esq. late of Whiteliill, 
Great Berkhampstead. 

At the bOBse of his Mia-in-la«r Mr. 
Mcyrick, Eaatbaame-terr. Hyde Park, 

^ed 55, James James, esq. of Aylesbury, Verdict : " Natural Death." 
solidlor. JulgA. At herbrother's, SoDth-psrade. 

June 26. Ronulph. youngest son of Chelsea, aged 68,{MTa. Catberrne Rush, 
Cbarle* Cjwley Craven, esq. of Harley- dau. ot the late Rev. Montsgae Rush, of 
ford-pt. Kenningtun. Hscktield. Hants. 

At Marlborough-terr. Old Kent-road, At Lavsnder-hiU. aged bb, Elizabeth 
seed 68, Mary, widow of Ambrose Ward, Dorothy, relict ot Wm. Heorv West, esq. 



I 



eeq. of Conrt-lodge, Yalding, Kent, 

At Bed IJon-aii. aged aO, Mr. P. Davia. 
who committed anicide by cutting hi) 
throat. Verdict: "That the deceaeed gen. 
Iteman destroyed himself while in a state Hole, 
of temporary insanity, brought ou by his 
misfottiuiM ill buaineji, bat more parti- 
cnlerly his haviog been robbed fay a confi- 
dentiaJ rierk." 
Jmit 37. At Keut-terr. Regent's Park, 

ged tU, Thomas Richard Toker. esq. Post 
int. (lal.'i). second son of tbe late John 
Toker, esq. of the Oaks. Ospringe, Kent. 
He was midihipmao in the Defence at tbe 
battle of tbe Nile, and senior Lieut, ot the 
Colosnu at Trnfslgor. for wbich be was 
made Commander Dec. 24, IBOS. In 
ISoe he WOB appointed Co the Cruiser IS, 
aad captured two privateers on the Baltic 
station. He was promoted to past rank 
Dec. 4. IBt3, and after tbe peace com- 
mmded the Tartarus 20, Perseus 22, and 
Tamar 2K 

Lately. In Eaton-nl. Mrs, F. Webb, 
■• " X.V" 



Jaly b. Aged 54, Mr. William Bone, 
second surviving son of the late Heniy 
Bone, esq. R.A. 

jMiy fi. At Hackney, aged 79. Mra. 



Gbjt. Mao. Voi 



XX^l. 



At Apiley Honse, Arthur, 
infant eon and heir of Lord Cbsrlea Wel- 
lesley, and grandson of the Duke of Wel- 
lington. 

Bebka.— /hsc lii. At Woalbsmpton 
rectorv. aged 74, Harriet, widow of the 
Ret-, t. G. Halton, Rector of Thnuton, 
HanU. 

June 25. At St. Leonard 'i-bill, near 
Windsor, aged 75, Elizabeth Sophia, relict 
of Major-General Charles Amad*e d'Har- 
coorl. Marquis d'Harcourt, peer of France, 
daughter and heiress of Richard Bant 
Hareourt, esq. ot Pendley, Herts. She 
died from the effects of a large qaanlitjr 
ot laudanum, taken in mistake for i 
draught of medicine. The Mnnjoiid'Har 
court wss killed by a fall from his horse 
in 1831. (See Gent. Mig. vol. CI. il^ | 
3? -' 



«8 



OsfTVAftY. 



CAi«- 



474«) Hm body of tbe lf«rquiM wm in« 
ltn«d on tfao 1ft Jnly in tbe family yault 
aft Aldbory, HcrU. The obief moarnert 
wore kcr two tons, lo Oomte George d* Har- 
oovt, who married the daoghtcr of le 
Comte de St. Aulaire, the French Am* 
baMador ; and W. B. Harcoiirt» eaq. who 
ie nnited to the eldeat daughter of the Hon. 
Colonel Cavendiih} and le Comte de 
CMtrit, her aon-in-law. 

BocKa.— /Mie 15. At Olney, aged 31, 
George Thomaa Gaantlett, eaq. M.R.C.S. 
yoongest son of the late Rct. Henry 
Ganntlett, Vicar of that place. 

Cambridob. — March 31. Aged 23, 
Charlea- Woodcock, eldest son of the late 
W. W. Hayward, esq. of Cambridge. 

May 10. In her 55th year, Katherine 
Frances, widow of Swann Hurrell, esq. of 
Foxton, and youngest daughter of the late 
Charles Finch, esq. of Cambridge. 

Chbshtrb. — July 1. Agdl 87» Mr. 
Henry Hindley of Stockport, formerly an 
CBtensive manufacturer in that town. 

At Chester, aged 79, Mary, rdict of 
CMBt Drake of tlM Royal Marines. 

Cornwall. — /mie 11. Aged 18, 
Riduurd Henry Garney, youngest eon of 
the late Richard Gumey, esq. Tregony. 

Jtme 19. At Falmouth, on his return 
iirom Madeira, aged 45, Thomai-Kington 
Bayly, esq. of Cufton, Glooc. 

/wie 27. At AWeme Hill, Fenxance, 
aged 70, Henry Husband, esq. 

CuicBERLANO. — ApfH 1 1 . Johu Moor* 
house, esq. of Newton, by being thrown 
from his horse. He was a Toung gentle- 
man highly respected, and had lately 
become possessed of a large fortune left 
to him by his late uncle, Thomas Boos- 
Md, esq. of Newton Rigg House* Mr. 
If. has left a young widow, but no chil- 
dren* 

Dbvon. — March 22. At her niece'a, 
Plymouth, in her 90th year, Margaret, 
sister of the late J. Willson, esq. of Rom- 
fofd. 

March 96, At Plymouth, in her Slst 
year, Mary-Moy, relict of John Mark, esq. 
of liskeard, Cornwall, and eldest daughter 
Of the late Gill Badeley, esq. of fiath. 

Jmtt 20. At Belle-Yue, near Exeter, 
PHmolB Cross, esq. son of the late George 
Cross, esq. of Uoryard, near Exeter. 

Asm S6. At Belmont, Torquay, aged 
fr, Honoratus Legh Thomas, esq. P.R.S. 
Isle of Leicester-place. 

Aim 27. At Cuhnstock, aged 37, 
AUM Dnniford, esq. surgeon. 

Jbif 28. At Pftignton, aged 67, James 
Doamlle, M.D. formerly of Greenwich 
Boipital, and Deputy Medical Inspector 
Of Royal Na?al Hospitals and fkt& ; 
ftHter of the Rer. Di £• PomtiUffy of 



July 1. At Bzetar, aged 86, SMih, 
ekttat dan. of the late Rer. JohA Ttemt^ 
book, of Blencoe, formerly King's Ckup* 
lain at Boston, in Masaaehuieii, North 
America* 

July 9. At Exeter, aged 75, ICfl. 
Frances Granger, aister of Viee-AdBi* 
Granger, and of the late Bdauid Gnpgir, 
esq. of Exeter. 

Eleanor, widow of Rev. F. BelMd, of 
Primley Hill, in this co. 

July 9. Samuel PitmftB, esq. aaifiOB, 
of Sandford, son of James Pitman, eaq. of 
Dunchideock House. 

Dorset. — April 5. At Grange, aged 
81 , Elizabeth, widow of John Bond, esq* 
M.P. for Corfe Castle. She was the sole 
dau. and heir of John Lloyd, esq. of Cea* 
coed, CO. Cardigan, was mairied in 1794, 
and left a widow in 1824, haTing had iistte 
two sons and two daughters. 

June 10. At Swanage, aged 65, BUsa- 
beth, relict of Lieut..CoL White, C.B. 

June 19. At Bourton, aged 63, Jeba 
fiurfitt, esq* 

/tow 21. At 8taIbridge,JemiBia,fbttrtii 
dan. of John Seymour, eaq. 

July 10. Aged 63, Charlotte-Marj, 
wife of the Rer. Blaekley Cooper, of Lue- 
combe rectory, Dorset 

Durham. — Laieiy. Mr. Thomai 
Jennett, of Stockton*upon*Teei, book- 
seller and printer. He was, it is bdievnd« 
of a yeomaniT fiimily resident at or mmt 
Ormesby, in Cleveland. At a Tery eaily 
sge he was taken into the shop of Mr. 
Robert Christopher, then an emhient and 
wealthy bookseller at Stoekton-on-Teoa ; 
and he was afterwards taken into partner- 
ship by his master, by whose death, in 
1819, he became sole proprietor of tho 
business, and, idtbough a man of very 
different abilities and acquirements, eren* 
tually rose to a position of great popu- 
larity and considerable respect at Stooc- 
ton. He was not a person of Utenrr 
attainments ; but his exceeding gooa 
nature, and his *'affi8Ction for Stockton, 
and all that pertained thereto," amply 
compensated for the want of it. He wii 
twice mayor of Stockton (first in 1819, 
and, subsequently, a few rears before Ml 
death) ; and on Uie day of his ftineral tiia 
town testified its respect by an order fbr 
closing all the shops. 

EssKX.— ifa|f 30. At the rectoiry- 
house. Ashen, Margaret, youngest listBr 
of the Ret. Edm. Souiie. 

At Pebmarsh, aged 36, Emma, wlft of 
John Start, esq. 

Gloucxstkr.— Jfoy 29. At Cheltn* 
ham, aged 68, Lieut..Col. William Lrehnd 
Jonei, late of the Madras serTice, fina 
which he retired in 1825. 

Amf 13. AlCfifto&i Am»i MowA llm* 



1M6.] 

af tk« ku ftlcbird Bogen. 



Obitdabv. 

m- of LTmiOfti 



91$ 



/•me IS. Aged 15, G(or;e Henry Kia- 
ntlril Dana, onW eon of the late Lirut,- 
Geii. Dans, of Winlerboiirne House, and 
I iTiii to Lord Kinniird. 

/neSl. Althe rcaidenccofherbrotbar- 
In-kw, the Re*. Edwxrd Palling, AdaiMt 
Hoaie, Wealburr-Qpon. Senrn, Mary, 
nnngeit dm. of the late Rct. Gm»^ 
HlTward, Rural Dtan nf the Dttnetfei lad Coi 
Slonehoaac, and for many ytara nigie- Jttfy 9. 
trMe of the CO. of Gtoucctler. 

/neSS. At Somertel-iq. Bristol, aged 
76, FrancM, third dan. of the laleThoraoa 
HtDiidrell.e(q,orBlacklBndlIoiiie,Wilt«. 

Jirnt Vt. Lucy, wife of Philip John 
Daearel, eaq. of Newland Hanae, ronogeit 
dn. of the late Rcr. Dr. Crossmsn, Rec- 
tor of Weit MoDktoa anil BUgdon, So- 
DKnet(bi». 

tAouSS. At hiihontBinCollfge-Ereeli. 
Briatd. aged 54, Mr. William Strong, 
bookacller. Hia celebrity aa a bibliapo- 
lift, acquired by fwraerering application 
and iadDitry, placed him in the lim raiilc 
of hia profe>(iuD. Nor vaa hi» correct 
taate in the Ane arts and artlclea of nrlil 
lea> conipicuoui. Tlie» qualities, united 
W hb clurscter (or hl^ Dmral worth, en- 
dewed him to B large circle of friends, by 
whom his meniDrT will long be held in 
iMpect. He died a widower, and childless. 

June 29. At Kingtdown, Briatol, a{ed , . 

tS, after a ihort illaeji, Maria Grordaa I5tb, aged i2, Mra. Menda, hii wife. 
NieoUy. '— '" *-' " "- "— ' 

Jku so. .At Clifton, aged 90, Mn. 
BtmiltoD Lambart. 

l^Uly. At Chellenham, aged 81, 
Jadlth, widow of DaTid Bernard, e«). of 



aged 44, WUUam Oayaa^ Mq. 

[>i mm puiLp, and of Armagh, co. SItgo. 

Junt 19. AI AnduTcr, aged 54. Sabina, 
wife of W'illiaiD HawhiDi Heath, eaq. 
banker, and youngeat daa. of Joha 
D'Oyly Hotcbint. etq. lale of Portoo, 
Willi, and of Peaton Lodge, near Aado- 

JimeSl. At Portsmouth, the wifs of 

Uent. C. H. Lapidge, tonnet[j Lieut. 

if H.M.'i brig PantalDon. 

At SoathamptoD. aged 66, 

iSelina, widow of the Rer. W. Uonj, 

Vicar of Liskeard, Cornwall. 

JafyS. At Aabting-honae. aged 82, 
Sophia, relict of the Rer. Dr. Wm. Mor^ 
gan, of Gr«enwicb. 

July 5. At Bbirley. near fionthamp* 
ton, aged S4, George -Maonael Shield, etq. 
of Rochester. 

HKBBroBD.— Iriiftljr. At Walford. 
aged Til, Eliiabeth, relict of the Rer. f. 
Maraton, Vicsr of StokeaaT, near Lndloir. 

tiT.K.Te.~Noc. 13. At High I 
near Watford, aged 72. John Kyley, ca(j^ 
formerly of Bengal Ci>il Seniee, and W J 
nearly thirty yeara ■ oiagistrate for tj 
county of Hertford. 

June 2,1. At NorcDtt Court, aged Mr I 
Margaret- Smart, only dan. of the Uli~ 
John Loiley. eiq. 

KiNT.— /Nne 11. At his residene* k, 
the Dock-yard, Chalham, aged 56, M. L' | 
Mends, esq. atorekeeper i 



At Briiloi. Mr. Henry Witliama, Ule 
ironmonger, of Newporl. Mr. Williams 
wai one of thoee who were wounded while 
protecting the Westgate against tbe me- 
mnrahle attack of the Charticta. For which 
he tec^Ted 20/. per annnm to the time of 
his detease. 

July 7. Al Clifton, aged 31. John 
eldest ton of the late Re*. John Dennis. 
A.B. of Budleigh Saltertou. 

Haht».— ^ircA 20. Margaret Frances, 
wife of Francis Woraley, esq. of Birrh- 
fleld, lile of Wight, and late of Thunn 
Ditton. 

Jmm 6. At the house of lirr ton-JD- 
Uw, at Soulhsea. aged 57. Uonor Gdg- 
enm^r. widow of George Tuwrj Weat, 
esq. formerly of the Admiralty Office, 
Smnersel House. 

Jkiu H. At Shirley, Southampton, 
and 78, Dorothy. Fryer, relict of J. C. 
Hyda, esq. formerly o( the Hon. Com- 
pHf's Serrice at tbe East Tndia-liouae. 

/•W M. At Ridgwn; Hquef, nettt 



Jwu'iB. Ag«] 46, Wm. Oowklu, I 
i^q. late of Crofton Lodge. Orpington. 

/aneil. At Woolwich, aged 68, S&. ^ 
JameaManfa. 

test for arsenic, now generally naed in aM^ I 
dieat jurisprudence. He held the dtoB- ' 
tion of praclical chemiit at tbe Royal Ar. 
senal, Woolwich, and was itaiitant to Dr. 
Faraday, at the Royal Military Academy. 
He has left a widow and family. 

Junt 94. At Dover, Eleanor WmI, 
eldeal dan. of the Ke». William Toko, of 
Godtngtoo, 

Junr 30. A( Ellham, Mary-Ann, 
eldest dan. of James Vogan, esq. 

Lalrly. At Canterbury, aged 73, MIm 



Madetine-Eliiobelh, yonngeel 
John King, esq. of Brighlon. 

Lanca^tir.— jB«e IS. Al Brook 
House, Waterloo, near Ldverpoo), a(ed 
70, Charles Uorefall. esq. 

Lattly. In tbe Royal Infirmary. Man- 
ihesler, from severe concnssion of the 
bnuo, canaed by a fall in Ibe hurdle-race 
the day preriooi, aged 29. J. M. Byrne, 
e*q. of Tenbury, Wore, leaving a yo«ig 
widow to lament liia unliraely end. 

/Hly 3, Aged «, Mwlka, iitt flf 



i 



2SQ 



Obituary. 



[Aug- 



Daniel Dronafidd, esq. of Werneth 
Home, Oldham. 

At-EvertoD, aged 62, Mr. Jamea P. 
Phoenix, late librarian at the Liverpool 
Lyceum Library, which inatitution be had 
faithfoUy aenred for a period of 40 yeara. 

MiDDLBSKX.— »/tfii«15. At East Acton, 
auddenly, while auperintending the making 
of a rick of hay, Mr. Peter Grillion, the 
well-known proprietor of Grillion'a Hotel, 
Albemarle-at. Piccadilly. 

At Page Oreen, Tottenham, after along 
iUneaa, mnch respected, aged 78, George 
Capper, esq. many years at the head of 
tht firm of George Capper and Nephews, 
merchanta, Crosby-aqnare. 

July 1. At Harrow, Emily B., youngest 
dan. of Clement Tudway, esq. of Ends- 
lei|^-st. Tariatock-aq. 

Jtdv 2. At Teddington, aged 56, Wil- 
liam Levitt Hedding, eaq. late of the 35th 
Foot. 

Juiy 5. At Teddington, aged SO, Re- 
becca, youngeat dau. of Mr. A. Cesser, of 
Bdredere-road, Lambeth. 

LaMy. At Caatiebar Hill, Ealing, aaed 
67, Elisabeth-Ann, Lady Wetherall, relict 
of Gen. Sir Frederick Wetherall, G.C.H., 
and dau. of the late W. Mair, esq. of 
Colby Houae, Kensington. 

Norfolk. — March Z\, At Norwich, 
a|ed 61, Mr. G. Edwarda, late Alderman 
of that city. 

JuH€ 5. At Catton, aged 79, Robert 
Longe,eaq. a Deputy Lieut, of thia county. 

At Martham, aged 77, Wm. Rising, 
esq. a justice of the peace. 

June 6. At Marsham, aged 35, George 
William Danby Palmer, esq. eldeist son of 
O. D. Palmer, esq. of Great Yarmouth. 

Jum€ 8. At Denton, Esther, eldest dau. 
of the late Rev. Edward Hickman. 

/ttne 14. At Watlinfton, aged 85, Wil- 
liam Dowsing, esq. for forty years Church- 
warden of that parish. 

Salop. — Lately. At Belle Vue, near 
Shrewsbury, aged 90, Mrs. Lane, dau. of 
the late Sir C. Leighton, Bart, of Loton- 
park. 

SoMKRBKT. — June 28. At Milverton, 
aged 68, Charles Trevor, esq. 

Lately, At Bath, aged 83, Miss Mary 
Williams, of Belvedere. 

In Bath, aged 78, Hannah, relict of 
S.P. Boileau, esq. of Carnarvon, North 
Wales. 

At Bath, Mary, only dau. of J. M. 
Nooth, M.D., F.R.S. 

At Bath, aged 30, Elisabeth, wife of 
W. Hunt, esq. 

Stajtforo. — /line 21. At Warslow 
hall, «ged 78, Eleanor, relict of Major 
Carige, of the Hon. East India Com- 
pmrs Service. 

^^ 9. ^% U4?bA«ld, aged 88^ EUsa^ 



beth, relict of the Rev. John Oldershaw, 
LL.D., Vicar of Tarvin, Cheshire, and 
dau. of the late Rev. William Inge, M.A., 
Precentor of Lichfield Cathedral, and 
Rector of Brereton, Cheshire. 

Lately, Samuel Barber, esq. of Walaail, 
who has bequeathed to the (General Hoa- 
pital, Birmingham, 500/. ; Queen Mary'a 
School, Walsall, 500/. ; Deaf and Dumb 
Institution, Edgbaston, 500/. ; the British 
and Foreign Bible Society, 500/. ; the 
Church Missionary Society, 500/. ; the 
Church Pastoral Aid Society, 500/. ; St. 
Peter's Church, Walsall 200/. ; the Pariah 
Church of Cannock, 100/. ; and the Blue 
Coat and National School, Walsall, 100/. 

Suffolk. — July 3. At Walsham-le- 
Willows, aged 77 1 Jane, relict of Daniel 
Vautier, esq. R.N. of Hainault Forest, 
Walthamstow. 

SuRRRY. — June 13. At Richmond, 
aged 79, Mrs. Thuillier, formerly of Bath, 
and relict of John Thuillier, esq. of Cadii. 

June 16. At Ditton-park, aged 37, the 
Hon. Jane-Caroline Scott- Montagu, third 
dau. of the late Lord Montagu, and sister 
to the Counteaa of Home. 

At CroydoD, aged 83, John Norrish, 
eaq. 

June 20. At Guildford, aged 83, Mrs. 
Tinkler, relict of W. Tinkler, esq. of 
Chilworth. 

June 25. At Grove-house, Battersea, 
aged 21, Duncan M'Kellar, esq. 

At the residence of Capt. Carew, of 
Beddington Park, aged 12, P. M. Shaw 
Stewart, son of Capt. Houston Stewart, 
R.N., accidentally ahot from his clothes 
catching the trigger of a gun. 

At Weybridge, aged 80, James Taylor, 
esq. 

June 2^, AtGodalming, William Keen, 
eaq. banker. 

June 30. At Norwood, Henry Langton, 
esq. of Margate, and late of Maidenhead. 

July 5. At Chobham, William, eldest 
and only aurviving son of the late Thomas 
Newman, eaq. 

Sn8SBX.--/tiiie 15. At Mr. Wyatt's, 
St Leonard's, aged 76, Elizabeth, widow 
of John Whichelo, eaq. formerly of 
Brighton. 

June SI. At Brighton, Miss Elizabeth 
Hunter, niece of the late Mrs. Adni. 
Hunter. 

Jkne24, At Bexhill, near Hastings, 
aged 39, Mr. William Peacock, aolicitor, 
late of Carlton Chambers, Regent-street. 

June 25. At Brighton, Catherine, wife 
of Thomaa Knox Holmes, esq. 

July 5. At Worthing, aged 31, Sarah- 
Jane, youngest dau. of James Scovell, 
esq. of Ulster-place, Regent's Park. 

July 6. At St. Leonard's, aged 38, 
Walpolc George Eyre, esq. late of the 



1846.] OniTCARY. 

Itojrtl FiuiUen, nephew o/ Hearr Samoel 
Ejre, etq. of BrjHistan-Ec|. 

At ChichMter, aged 69, Nincy, the 
obIj gurviiing aiitei of Jnhn'Voyse 
Hodge, esq. 

Wabwick. — /line 26. At Leamington, 
Mmtj, relict of Ihe Ret. Suuuel Suidjrf, 
Beotor of SoDtham. 

LaMj/. At Warwick- liOUM. Lcam. 
inCtoD, aged 74, J. Rotton, eaq. lale 
ReiceiTer-Gencfal of iJie Excise. 

Wilts.— Jkm 12. AtTroHbiidge.Johii 
Clark, esq. fuimerlj one of tbe principal 
DMnntuniTen of llial town, and for tbe 
laat tvelre jesm a very active magiBtTBle of 
Wilta. 

Jmnt 16. At Alvedistone, aged 66. Mrs, 
Mary Rebbeek. 

At Trowbridge, aged H8, Marii-Sima, 
wife of tbe Rei. S. Martia, 

Juae 18. At Broad Chaike, aged 70, 
0. B. Yoang, eeq. 

Latfly. At Collingbourne KiDgBton, 
Cbartei- Donald, only ebild of the lUt. 
Cbu. Harwood Poore, Yicer, and Minor 
Canon of Winchester, 

AccidenUllf drowned whiUt bathing, 
aged 15, George, the eldest pon of Robert 
Maekreil, e>q. of Salisbury. 

Jiilf9. At the rectory, Pewgey, Eliia. 
belh, wife of tbe Hon. and Rev. Frederick 
Plefdell Bourerie, Canon of Slalitbary. 
She wai the third dan. of the late Sir 
Richard Joseph Sulliran, Bart., ira!< mar- 
ried in 1814. and bad 

YOKK.—Atag £5. Aged G3, Mr. Tb< 
fienaon Pease, one of the alderme 
Leeda, the senior partner in tbe emi 
firm of Pease, Ueaton, and Co., ttulT-aier- 
chanti, and uncle to Mr. W. Aldam, jun. 
one of ^e representatives of tlie town. He 
wo a Member of the Society of Friends. 

■AoM 30, At Leeds, aged 62, Hannah, 
wife of Mr. Rcorge Ibhotson, of Sowerby 
Bridge, and formerly of Brighouse, both 
near Halifax, «o!ici tor, eldest suniving son 
of Ihe lale Rev. Adam Ibbotson, of Kil- 
him, near Driffield, Vicar of Uarton-otf 
the-Wolda. 



Aged 75, Mr*. Prancu Edwards, of tt 
GrovejiearLlansaintfraid, Mootgomeryd 

La/tly. At St. Thomas'! Green, Haveiw^ 
fordnest, aged !)4, Misi Shewioa. 

At Carmarthen, William Graham, i 
individual well known about that ti 
for hia eccentric i . ..__ 

He was the pnUgi of Sir Jamea Graban, j 
the late Secretary tor tbe Home Depft 
ment, to whom be was nearly allied, a 
nho allowed him up to hia death 40(. | 
annum. It was the foibie of the deo - 
to claim — and in several inllanoes ^..^ 
claim waa allowed — relationship wiuj 
teieral of tbe Scotish nobility, in p 

ticular with tbe Duke of Montrose. 

early life he waa a olerk in the banklii|>'^ 
house of Henderley, in London i but b' 
erratic sud eccentric disposilioi 
to diaqnalify him for the sedentary laboan/1 
of the desk ; and he was ultimately ry-"^ 
Gated iu this part of the country (Can 
then), where he haa spent the greater pUt-1 
of a long and harmlesa life. 

S c OTi. AS D.— Way 7. At Glaagow 
M'iUUin Meiklcbam, esq. LL.D. ProfenaVJ 
of Natural Philosophy in tbe Univenity. - 
Jnat 8. At Skaldon, Ayrshire, V 
Alexander Montgomery Cuniiinghame,t 
ith Bart, of Corsebill in that conn 
(1672). He was the son of Sir Urn 
Montgomery Ciuioinghaa . 
eroded in 1837. He is now succeeded bf 1 
bia hrothec Thomas. ) ^ 

\ fij.i.ikVD. — Aprill . Robert Heineb, | 
esq. proprietor of the Bilton Hotel, Sack- l 
s vilie-slreet. He came by bis death bf J 
if taking a large doae of landanum. f 

It ilfay .11. At Dublin. Francis PreO' J 

dergaat, esq. Registrar of t 
I. Chancery. 
t June II. Aged 36, the Hon 

Ffrcneb, of St. Brandon's, Galway. brother 
of Lord PFrencb. 

Jant 15. At Kingatovn, aged 7i, 
Rachel, dan. of Mark Scott, eaq. ot Mo- 
hubber, Tipperary, slid niece to John, 
tint Earl of Clonmel. 

Juitt 2D. At tbe Royal Barraeki, 
Dublin, Capt. Nicholas Pelham Giieen, 



: Court of. I 



Jtdf 1, At Hull, aged 73, Mary, relict TOtb Reg. 

of George llelding, eiq. M.D. Ju»e26. Ageil 84, Mrs. Abigail Koatt. 

jMlf2. Jejiica. Jemima, youDgeatdsu. a highly esteemed member of tbe Socie^l 

of the R«T. George Wyatt, Rector of of Friends, and relict of William Knott; 

BoTghwallis. esq. of Rathangan. 

, July 5. At Scarborough, aged 39, JensKv.-.June 21. At St. Petu'SJ 

I Ueory, youngeit son of Henry Byron, Villa, aged 75, James Rodd. esq. of Dod- 

I eMK, formerly of that place. disco mbaleigh, one of tbe Magi»tratel fcr, 

f lal 

L 



ia.—Jane 7. At Llandibj-lacb, 

rPontardulai*,agedll7,JohnMalhewi, 

[rarer, leaving a dau. nearly W, sevcra! 

J rand- children and greet grand -children. 

and the children of great grnnd- children. 

Jmitil. Aged4G, Samuel Lewin, esq. 
of W«BMltOli U«iue, Rwliuusli. 



Deionshire. 

East Inbieb.— i)ec. 31. 
received at Ferozesbah, Colonel Jamcfl ] 
Maclaren, of the Ifilh Grenadier Bang " 
N. Inf. HewasscBdetofie08,imdati^ 
tained tbe rank of ^lajor 1833. 

agmiiuted Aulc-de-G«B>i> to Uu ftncfl 



Obitvarv. 



CAmr« 



wMi tfie rtftk of CoIomI In the Oaiette 
(iiBM hk dwth) of dM Sd ApHl. 

Murek 92. At Chvkkoke, Eatigii James 
Ldng, 15th Regt of Inf., yovngest ion of 
Ite Rot. Dr. Laing , of Brighton. 

Mardk 27. Near Bellary, Mary, wife of 
CSrat. James Jaekion, 14th Madras N. I. 

Miiorek 29. At Bellary, lient-CoL 
9hmoia H. Ely, 6th Regt. N. I. 

AprU 15. At Mangalore, aged 91, 
liont. H. Hickman, 34th Madras Ug^t 
Inf. yoingest son of R. Hickman, esq. 
«f Old-Swinford, Wore. 

4prit 16. At Coroth, on the Maiahar 
eoMt, Lieat. C. O. Smith, H. M. 95th 
R^. whieh he joined as Emign in 1837. 
He destroyed himself while on a shooting 
excursion with some brother officers. 

jfyrii 18. At Calcntta, Caroline, wife 
of F. W. $imms, esq. eirfl engineer, 
and dan. of H. NottiDg, esq. of Islington. 

JpriiM. At Calient, Harry Googh, 
Senior Lieat. 25th Regt., ddest son of 
Richard Got^gh, esq. of Kihworth House, 
60. Lieioester* 

jtjfHI 93. At Nenera EtUa, Ceylon, 
Henry, third son of the Rer. Frederick 
Feel, Rector of WUlinglsam, Lincolnshire. 

jfyrii 27. At Meemt, aged 27, Franeis- 
Digby WiUouehby, Cant. 9th Royal 
Lancers, secooa son of U. Willonghby, 
esq. of Birdsall. Yorkshire. 

Mtoy 9. At Sarat, Bombay, John 
Gordon, esq. Collector at Surat. He 
trrived in India as a writer, on the 93d 
Jan. 1828. It was as deputy postmaster, 
and afterwards as postmaster -general, that 
Mr. Gordon was rat known to the com- 
munity. 

May 20. At Bombay, Capt. Philip 
Charles Newton Amiel, Ist Grenadier 
Regiment Native Inf. youngest son of the 
hte Capt. H. S. Amiel, of the 7th Hussars. 

/tcne 2. On his passage to England, 
within a few miles of Aden, Lieut. John 
Adee Curtis, Bombay Eng. second sur- 
Tiring son of John Adee Cnrtis, esq. of 
Dorking. 

Wist iNDiBS.^JtforcA 14. At Nassau, 
New Providence, Capt. George Bartley, 
f^ ^^ India Regt., second son of the 
l»te Sir Robert Bartley, K.C.B., having 
SBTvived his youngest brother, who was 
lulled at Sobraon. but 32 days. 

4pW/ 11. At Providence, aged 76, the 
Hon. James Fenner, for many years Oo- 
Timor of Rhode Island. 

ABEOAD.^Dee. 90. At WelKngton, 
^Z.^^ ^ ^*' Harold 5bhn 

■^ Ih In Hobait Town, Van Die- 
fS^aSjiS^'^ Coniica, 



J>M. 21. At Monto VidM, AMli 
Lewis Vanzetti, esq.. Master of Imt w- 
jesty*s ship Eagle. 

Feb. 22. On board Her Mijcaty'i ahiip 
Herald, in the Pacific, agod 13, Mr. 
Bdmonstone, botanist to the 
A loaded rifle being aocidentaUy 
by one of the men, it went off au 
through his head, killing him inttantly. 
He had lately been elected Botanical Pk»- 
fessor of the Andersonian Univaraitjof 
Glasgow, and was the author of abotamoal 
work, the '< Flora of Shedaad.** Hk 
remains were buried on shore oa tiie fal* 
lowing day. 

March 9. At Valparaiso, aged 98, 
Thomas-Bond, second son of the Rer. 
John Buck, of Hampton Laoy, eo. Wanr. 

AprUl, In Switserland, Col. Charles 
Frederick Wild, C.B., of the Bengal aer- 
vice. He was a Cadet in 1805 ; and was 
appointed Lieut.-Colond of the 13th N. 
Infantry in 1833. 

April 9. At sea, foor days froaa the 
Cape, on his passage home, aged 19, James 
S. W. Atkinson, Lieut R.A., third son of 
the Rev. T. D. Atkinson, Viear of 
Rageley. 

April 11. On his passsge from India, 
off St. Helena, aged 33, Capt. John Snr* 
man, of the 15th Hussars, son of Capt. 
Surman, of Petty Franee, leaving a wife 
and five children to lament his prematnre 
death. He entered the regiment as Cor* 
net in 1835. 

April 16. In the district of Gkorge, 
Cape of Good Hope, Alfred Tkylor, esq., 
late of Highbury-terrace. He was aecl- 
dentally drowned in the attempt to save 
the life of one of his servants. 

At Monte Video, Catherine De Cardig- 
non, wife of John Greenway, esq. and 
dau. of John Hunter, esq. American ez- 
Minister Plenipotentiary at the Conrt of 
Brazil. 

Afyril 94. At Nassau, Mary, the be- 
loved wife of the Hon. John Campbell 
Lees, Chief Justice of the Bahamas, and 
eldest daughter of the late Hon. William 
Vesey Manning, formerly Chief Justice of 
the same island. 

May 5. At Quebec, Lower Canada, aged 
81, the Hon. James Kerr, late one of the 
Judges of the Court of Queen*s Bench in 
that Province. He was called to tbs bar 
at the Inner Temple, July 8, 1791. 

May 6. At Dnsseldorff, Henry Comyns 
Berkeley, esq., formerly of Lincoln*S-inn. 
He was one of the sons of the late Roy. 
Dr. Bericeley, Vicar of Writtle, in Essex. 

May 7. At Madeira, aged 22, James 
Henry Barclay, esq.. Ensign 93d High- 
landers, youngest son of Capt. Barclar. 
R.N.ofDy8art,Fyfe. ^ 

ilf«y 15. At Paris, Eliiabefli, iriffe of 



i846.] 

William Loek, esq., late of Norbury Park, 
Snrrej. She was a Bliss Jennings, a ee* 
lebrated beanty. 

May 21. Of apoplexy, at Genera, wbiie 
on a tonr in Switzerland, aged 44, M^Jor 
Richard Dowell, late of the Madras ser- 
vice. He iras Mtpolnted Captain of the 
52nd N. Inf. in 1833. 

^tfy23. At Gibraltar, Cspt. Thomas 
Mostyn, 54th Regt., fourth son of the 
late Sir Edward Mostyn of Talacre, Flint- 
shire, Bart. He entered the regiment as 
Ensign in 1836. 

May 27. At Milan, aged 35, the Hon. 
Elias Robert Plnnkett, second son of the 
Earl and Countess of Fingall. He en- 
tored the army in the 60th Rifles, but, the 
service being not according to his habits, 
he retired after a few years. He was at- 
tached to the British embassy at Vienna, 
and had only left the Austrian capital a 
ferk months to meet his relatives in Italy. 

May, At St. Helena, Col. Hamelin 
Trelawney, of the Royal Artillery, Gover- 
nor and Commander-in-Chief of that 
island. He entered the Artillery as 2nd 
Lieutenant in 1 798 ; became 1st Lieutenant 
in Oct. 1799, Captain Dec. 1805, brevet 
Major Aug. 1819, regimental Lieut*- 
Colonel May 1831, and regimental Colonel 
Nov. 1841. He served in Holland in 



Obiotary. 



223 



1799, a&d in ^e Fenbrala and the south 
of France from Nov. 1813 to the end of 
the war in 1814, including the passage of 
the Adour. 

June 3. At sea, on board her Maiestyls 
ship Vixen, Mr. Edward Ward, R.N., lake 
Paymaster and Purser of her Majeety*! 
ship Styx. 

/im« 5. At Paris, on her return to Eng- 
land from Rome, Elizabeth, wife of Fonl 
Madox Brown, esq., dau. of theUte 8a- 
nroel Bromley, esq. of Deptford. 

JwM 7. At Florissant Renens, near 
Lausanne, in Switzerland, Comm. John 
Seager, R.N. He was made Lieutenant 
1799, and Commander 1814. 

JuM 8. At Malta, aged 19, Frederick- 
Annesley, younger son of the late Bishop 
James, of Calcutta. 

June 13. At the villa of Albaro, near 
Genoa, aged 20, Aagustbe Edouard 
Pierre Louis, elder son of Mens. Pierre 
Edouard Alletz, French Consul in that 
city, and grandson of the late John 
Green, esq., of Hinckley, co. lieic. 

June 18. At Creuznach, on the Rhine, 
Anne, dau. of Lieut.-CoL the Hon. George 
Keppel. 

Jrnne 30. At Pan, aged 55 , Lucy- Anne, 
wife of the Rev. John Drake, Rector of 
Stourton, Wilts. 



TABLB OF MORTALITY IN THE METROPOLIS. 

(Including the District of Wandsworth and Clapham.) 

Frwn ik§ IUtvm» ieaued by ike Reyieirar Oenerai, 
Dbaths Rbqistxebd from June 27, to July 18, 1846^ (4 weeks.) 

loia^ Under 15 194«^ 

J»i»l^jg 15 to 60 1237/, 

60 and upwards 633 r 
Age not specified 6 J 
Births for the above period. 5297 



Males 
Females 1900 



>38]8 



AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, July 21. 



Wheat 
1. d, 
52 10 



Barley. 
*. d. 
28 2 



Oats. 

1. d, 

23 6 



Rye. 
1. d. 
S3 8 



Beans. 

1. d. 

39 4 



Peas. 
376. 



PRICE OF HOPS, July 24. 
Sussex Pockets, 5/. 2f. to 6/. 4t.— Kent Pockets, 5/. 5s. to 91. 0$, 



'*¥^ 



PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW AT SMITHFIELD, July 24. 

Hay, 31. Os. to 4/. Of Straw, 1/. 12». to 1/. I4s.— Clover, 4/. Ot. to 5/. 15f. 

SMITHFIELD, July 24. To sink the OffaU-perstone of 81bt. 



Beef......... 2#. &<. to 4s. (kt. 

Mutton 3f. 2d. to 4f. 4d, 

Veal Bt. 6d. to 4f. 6d. 

Pork 3#. Sd. to 4t. 10<f. 



Head of Cattle at Market, July 20. 

Beasts 2895 C/alves 1B4 

SheepandLambs 32,190 Pigs 160 



COAL MARKET, July 24. 
Walls £ndB,from 14*. 3d. to 15#. 6tf.per ton. Other sorts from 13j. Od. to 15f. Od, 

TALLO W,ptr ewt.— Town Tallow, 43f. Od. YeUow Russiai 43f. Od. 
CANPLESi 71^ Of ptff 4oi, IC9iikU» 9r.Mt 



METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, by W. GARY, Strand. 
li>«iii Jmu S6 lo July 25, 1B46, bolh inclutht. 



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AHS %0f, nuNTIBI, K, rUMUKHT-tmnT. 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 

SEPTEMBER, 1846. 
By 8YLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



CONTENTS. 

MiNOB CQaBKSFOHDtNce.— St. Jutui'a Git«, Clerkctiwell— Dr. Parr— Stjle 
o["Vwy Reverend ''—Celts used as chisels or for flsyiog ■aimsli — Col. 
Jobn FeDnidd[>cVe — Pbjeical Genealogy 

Th» Eably French Poets ; bv the Rkv. Fsani^ih Cabv. M.A. — Chirles 
Dnke of Orleuii — M«rot — Hiiguei Salel— Joschim dn BoUsjr — Remy Bel- 
lean — Estienne Jadelle — Pierre de Roneiril 

Tub Kew .\talantib ; by Mrs. Maaley— CbariLtiu^ of the Earl of PortUiul, 
DakeorBuckinghuii, BinhopBoniet.Mr. St. John, the Dakeof Nswcutle, 
and the Dachess of Marlborou^b 9U I 

The Mairiagei of Sir Heury Nevill, of Billingbear , 

Vebprr^ SoLiTABLi.— 1. Tile Aw and Ox at the NatiYJly. 3. The Naila of 
DDT SatiDur's Cross. 3. The Judai tree. t. Fountaiaa of Wioe. S. llie 
Virgin Mary • 

A Vjfit to WisaiDt, the Porlai Kins of Ciesar 

Hittorica! Notice* of Ediogtoa, Wilts (wilA a Plalr) 

The Doable Suircaie at Tamworth Church, and the Triple Btaircue ia the 
Shaflat Dover («■!(* Cull)... 

Obigihal Letters, No. II. — Letter* of Royal and Uluatrioui Luliei of Great 
Britain. Edited bf Mar; .Anne Eteritt Wood 

RtTmusPECTivE Revieiv. — Visitatiou Articles of Bishop Hartnetl, in 1620 ... , 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

Berinnoa's Literary History of the Middle Ages, a73 ; Moberley't SayiDgs 
of the Great Forty Days, 9T7 ; Grant'* Bampton Lectun», on the Eiteniioo 
of the tiotpel by MiMioos, S7B ; Capt. Murray's Memtur of Admiral Sir 
Philip Durham, 380 ; Robton's Old Play.goer, 3SI ; The OcenpatioD of 
Carlisle in I T45, ^»3 -. Mugillivray'i Manual of British Birds, -iSi ; Je»e'a 
Memoirs of the Pretender and their Adherents, SSS ; Mrs. Merrifield^ 
Art of Fresco Fainting, ii. : The Uviog and the Dead, b; F. E. Paget, 396 ; 
Sacred Foemg for Monmers, 2e8 : Miacellnneoua Reviewi ■ 

ARCHITECTURE.— Architectural Drsningaal the Royal Academy, 290; The 
Ectleiiological (late Cambridge Cundeu) Society 

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.— Aunual Meeting, at York, of the Ar- 
ohrolo^cal Invtitule, 294 ; Discoveries at the Nana, Stamford 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.— Proceedings in Parliament, 306; Foreign 

News. 308; Domestic OvcDrrencei ^'1 

PromotioDe and Preferment*, 312) Births and Marriages ,. 319 I 

OBITUARY : viHi Memoirs of the Earl of Kilkenny ; Lord William Russell ; 
Sir Aubrey de Vere, Bart. ; Sir Archibald Campbell, Bart. ; John Claadins 
Beresford, Est). : Thomas Goold, Esq. ; DvarkaniulhTigore ; John Picker, 
ing, E«|. ; Daniel Waketirld, Esq. Q.C. : Rear- Admiral S. Rowley ; Rear. 
Admiral Edgell; Reor-Admiral Mangin i Commander Danlop; Rev. 
R. P. Bnddicom; Mr. James F. Phoenii 31(i— aff 1 

Dkatbi, arranged in Coontie* 

Ra^tntr-Oenenl's Retoms of Mortality in the Metropolis — Markets, 33S ; 

Meteorological Diary — Stocks 3W I 

Enbelliabed with Views of the UocbE of tbk Bo.vhommks at Edimdtok, WUWf I 

■nd of the DOL'BLE StAIkCAlK AT TAMWOKTBi llO, 



226 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



Si, John*$ Oati^ ClerhmwelL^Vft 
have received as additional contributions 
to the repairs of this venerable ttructure, 
dnce our last, from Bolton Comey, esq. 
M.R.S.L. lOi. and from C. £. Long, 
esq. 5#. 

A. Z. inquires whether any correspond- 
ent can explain the initials, A. £. A. O. 
which are appended to each of Dr. Parr'i 
Dedications to Burke, Lord North, and 
Fox, inaerted in hli Edition of Bellen- 
4§nui. 

M. wishes to know the authority of the 
term " Very Reverend *' as applied to 
Deans of Cathedrals. In an insoiption on 
the tomb of a Dean of Lincoln, who died 
fai the early part of the present century, he 
ia termed <*The Reverend Shr Richard 
■Kaye, Bart. Dean of Lincoln.'' When 
M. resided in the University of Oxford, 
37 years ago, it was the practice to pray 
for *' the Reverend the Dean,*' the Canons, 
^. of Christ Church. It would not be 
difficult to enumerate other instances. 

W. T. P. S. writes, "A bronze Celt has 
been lately found, embedded in clay on the 
Oxenham estates, South Tawton, about 19 
miles from Exeter. It is without loop, 
•nd has the grooves, or places in the up- 
per part for inserting two pieces of wood, 
as a handle or haft, lashed, no doubt, 
with cord or bandages. At Sittingboome, 
Kent, Jan. 18S8, four Celts and a gouge 
in bronae, or bell metal, were found in 
an urn. Those dboovered near Attle- 
borough, Norfolk, were in oompany abo 
with gouffes and other implements.— 
(See C. R. Smithes CoUectanea, No. 7, 
pp. 105, 6.) Hence, it ia supposed they 
were workmen's tools, not warlike wea- 
pons. France and Germany boaat of 
these ehiseli as well as Britain. A re- 
markable fkct has lately come to light. 
Mr. Ralph Sanders, of the Exeter Bank, 
in whose possession is the Devon Celt 
above noticed, informs me that he has 
a spear given to one of our travellers 
by the ** King" of Madagascar ; one end 
of which is the usual lance head, or 
point, common to all spears; the other 
has a Celt fixed on each aide in grooves, 
identical with the one now under discuasion, 
and with which the natives of that island 
used to flay, skin, or degiubate the beasts 
killed in their hunting excursiona. Have 
ire at last come to the knowledge of the 
Cilt as a cognate instrument, once com- 
mon to the great family of mankind. 

The same correspondent states, that it 
li proposed to set up a brass plate in St 
Lawrenee*s Clrareh, Exeter, to the me- 
mory of that ill ufid loyaliitt Colettri 

JoKM PiNxvPPQVXB, who WM bcheadcfi 



by Cromwell's order, 1 6th May, 1655, 
in this city, together with Col. Grovb, 
of Enford, eo. Wilts, in Exeter Castle, and 
interred very privately near the chancel, 
in St. Lawrence's church. A brass plate 
with the well-known inscription, '* In 
reitituendo Ecclesiam, in asserendo Re- 
gem," &c. exists to Grovk, in St. 
Sydweirs church. But poor John Pen- 
ruddocke, (of Compton, Wilts) haa been 
overlooked. The offence waft, appearing 
in arms for Charles the Second ; and the 
unhappy prisoners, along with many 
others, were captured at South Molton, 
in this comity, by Col. Croko» who broke 
faith with them after solemn promises. 
Jones, a connexion of Ciomwell, waa par- 
doned. For particulars, see laaacke'f 
Hist of Exeter, pp. 10— 16; Ludlow's 
Memoirs ; Hoare*s Modem Wiltshire; and 
Sir Richard Steele's Letters of Penrud- 
docke to his wife after condemnation. A 
portrait of him is given in some old copies 
of Clarendon, young, and in armour. 

Mr. D*Otly Baylst begs to correct 
two or three passages in his latter on 
Physical Genealogy in our Magasine af 
last month. Page 151, lat col. 3 let line, 
for "person*," read "person;" page 
152, Ist col. 2d line, for " eron marriages,** 
read " in/tfr-marriages.*' Ibid., 40(h line, 
insert "Me" before "39 qmmrtiertJ* 
Same page, bottom of 2d coL, there ia an 
obacurity and imperfection, which ought to 
be removed in ftivour of a clearer expla- 
nation of the statement, aa follows : 

" Who ever knew of a Seotchmaa who 
was not proud, prudent, and brotherly ? 
Do not these properties mark the Scotch 
almost without exception, whether we 
view them separately as men and aa fami- 
lies, or whoUy as a nation ? It ia ao ; 
and the reason is, because withhi their 
own country they are the least mongrel 
race of the earth, and have for ages been 
more exclusive in their matrimonial al- 
liances than any other — ever matehing 
among themselves. Thva the Scotch 
nation is rather to be regarded as (me 
great family^ for every member of it 
may claim a common origin ; and ao in- 
tensely amalgamated haa become the 
blood of ita original foimders, by the re- 
peated intermaniagea of their posterity- 
while seldom or never matching into other 
nations— that, however different their 
individual patriarcha might originally be» 
their properties have since got thoroughly 
mingled, and now inseparably united; 
and are indelibly imprinted on every ona 
of their deseendants as a general, tfaooipi 
mast dittiaetlTe, n^tal and moral cha< 
mteriiUc.'' 



THE 

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



Th« Earlff Frmch Po»U. By the R»v. Francis Cary, M^. 1846. 

NAPOLEON used lo say of the history of France, that one might 
write it in a hundred Totumes, or in two ; in a hundred volumes, if you 
entered inio all the details ; in two, if you gave a general view of the 
lubject. This is true of all history -, and one might add that it la desirable 
it should be written both in fulness and in abridgmeot. But if it needs 
the learning and patience of a Benedictine monk to execute the former 
plan, it mould require nearly the same virtues and acquirements in his 
reader, lo enable him to profit by them. Besides, one is as likely to lose 
oneself iu the details of a large book, as in the intricacies of an extensive 
forest ; one may wander from the straight ]iath,aiidbecome bewildered by the 
multitude of objects aronnd us. It is not every one who can cut out a way 
for himself: and it is as well to know nothing at all, as only to know a number 
of Uule things. We are therefore thankful to those writers who will occa- 
nonally take us under their protcctiou, as Vii^l did Dante, and, carrying 
tu up to some vantage ground, point ont to our view the leading features 
and general aspect of the extended country below us. Besides, as our 
capacity of acquiring kriowledgo is very limited, as time is very shorti 
and aa no human brain ran become an encyclopedia of universal infor* 
tuation, there are many things of which we must be content to bfl I 
ignorant, and many also of which a certain bounded and partial knowledge J 
will be sufficient. This holds true particularly of the ornameatnl parts i/ 1 
literature : hundreds and thousands of people' read Shakspere and Mtltoi^ I 
«ho never heard the name of Marston or Vicars. Many also are acquainted^ I 
with the writings of fioileau and Kacine, whose curiosity never extended I 
to the pages of Marot or Ronsard. As.A yet it is seldom that any name if 1 
preserx-ed in the register of fame without a reason ; no man is distio^ T 
guiihed above his fellows but for some superior quality ; and on closer , 
investigation il will be found that because a work is not to be placed in the' J 
foremost ranks of fame, it does not of necessity follow that it should b4^l 
'condemned lo utter oblivion, or considered as worthless. Statues, it 
said, tliat have once fallen lo the ground, are nevHr replaced on their ] 
deslals; but that is no reason why they should not be deposited in musenm^ I 
containing the cunoutics of antiquity. Before the long majestic inarch or I 
a nittioa't literature commmces, u number of skirmishers and irregular I 
troops and light cavalry may be »een preceding it : — Now Fontenelle, in hnt".! 
life of his uncle T. Comeille, says truly, '■ To judge of tlie merit of a irorkt T 
yon must consider il in itself; but to ultimate the merit of an author, yoa 1 
must compare him ti» the age in which he lived." And it siwely may n**^ 
improperly be considered both as an elegant and useful employment Ut 
those who, like ourselves, entertain a high opinion of the importance n 
literature, to mati its gradual progress, and not to overlook or lo despial 
the earlier stages of its growth ; to watchi one after one, the diffbrwit stan 
as they come forth iu its firmament, and to observe the various deg- 



S28 Cary^g Early French Poeii. [Sept 

of lustre and beauty they possess. Such an inquiry also throws a light on the 
nature of genius as it is seen struggling with difficulties in its progress, and 
acted upon by association, by times, by circumstances, and by persons. 

These observations will apply to the volume we have brought before our 
readers ; which ought to recommend itself to them at once by the curiosity 
of the subject and the excellence of the execution. We can at least answer 
for ourselves, that when we began, some years since, our humble re- 
searches in the pages of the early poetry of France, we found the subject 
so attractive, that we were led on from poet to poet, both by many 
and various merits we acknowledged in their writings ; and also by 
seeing for the first time in their pages the original mould before 
ua from which so many copies had beeia taken, that were familiar to us in 
their followers, and unacknowledged by them. A sudden flash would 
sometimes dart out of the obscurity of these old neglected pages, which 
would throw a clear light over a whole surface of a modem allusion or 
expression. At any rate, there is to be found in these writers a fresh- 
ness, a native force and colour that breathes as it were of nature herself, 
at if they were inspired by the open air, and sky, and breath of heaven ; 
while their successors too often remind us of a mere artificial life, and of 
a light not borrowed from the sun. One may sometimes believe that we 
hear a new chord struck on the lyre that never sounded to us before, and 
we may at length learn to look with respect, if not with reverence, to those 
who, in ages of ignorance and of darkness, preserved by unceasing efforts 
the flame of poetry from being extinguished, and transmitted its increasing 
lights to distant generations.* 

The chronological table of French poets in this volume, beginning with 
Robert Wace, in the 12th century, and ending with* the death of Malherbe, in 
162^9 contains sixty -five names, of which to the general reader certainly not 
more than twelve are known ; and of which we confess for ourselves, though 
we have read extracts from the writings of many in the compilations of his- 
torians, critics, and biog^phers, yet we have not made ourselves thoroughly 
acquainted with more than half that number. It is but a small shelf in a 
cabinet of our library that contains the following little nosegay of early 
poetry, commencing, as is fit, with the effusions of regal genius. Tliibaut 
king of Navarre, Charles Duke of Orleans, then Clement Marot, J. du 
Bellay, Etienne Jodelle, Remy Belleau, Pierre de Honsard, and the list 
closes with Malherbe. To all these, nevertheless, we have been indebted 
for many hours of recreation and delight ; and we have lamented not 
seldom, that we had no opportunity of adding one or two more to our num- 
ber, which should have contained the names of Villon, Alain Chartier, and 
Ettienne Pasquier. We have not, however, mentioned the honourable 
names of the twin authors of the Roman de la Rose, Guillaume Lorris 
and Jean de Meun ; while that also of Marguerite of Valois must not be 
overlooked. Charles Duke of Orleans flourished about the time of Chaucer, 



* On the history of early French poetry we beg to recommend to our readeri a work 
alMneCarlsed equally by the depth, reiearch, and the elegance of ita composition, a 
work tfiat has received the praiae both of Gibbon and Voltaire,— we mean L'Hiatoire 
■^ la Po^iie Fran^, par M. VAhhi Maisieu. It is unfiniibed, owing to the 
'^ of Its aathor, ooming down only ai far as the time of Francis I. The Abb6 
- ^ - e a died in 1728 : he was nearlv blind in his latter years. There are some dis- 
wtatlons by him in the Memoirf of the Academy of Inscriptions, and other works. — 



Siitli 



ia46.] 



Cory's Earfif French Poels. 



939- 



ind Roosard tra^ conleiuporary with Shakspere. The last in the tist, 
Malh^rbe, lived in the time of our James the First. Of these poets Mr. 
C«rjr has made extracts from the writings of twenty.three ; but in his 
latroductory Essay be has given un acoount of the otners. io as to saUsFy 
those who wish only for a bird'f eye view of the subject — a sketch and 
QOlUne of its principal features, or to act as a guide when deeper researches 
and more extensive information are intended to arise from the foundation 
he has laid. The papers which compose the volume were oripnally pub- 
lished in various numbers of the London Magazine, between 18^1 and 
1825, and the editor has certainly conferred a favour on the public by 
collecting and republishing them in the present shape. We know no one 
who could have executed this work in a more satisfactory manner than Mr. 
Cory has done, He was a very admirable scholar — a critic of pure and 
TeSned taste; aud for his poetical powers we have only to refer to his trans- 
lation of Dante, a translation that has made that great poet our own ; and to 
which wo have often thought Milton, could he have seen it, would have given 
hb meed of praise. To execute what Mr. Cary has here done was no easy 
(ask ; the quaintness, the simplicity, the nakedness — if we may so express 
oorselves^-of the original language, the odd terms of expression, the short 
metre, the frequent necessity of rhyme, the strangeness of the figurative 
Ungnage, — all these are to be softened, haiinouised, melted down, trans- 
formed uito elegant expression, refined versification, and easy intelligible 
words. We are not aware that the French themselves have attempted the 
nme task of difficulty ; and indeed, so far as we know, the class of poets 
here noticed have never been the favourites of later times, though their critics 
and antiquaries have made most profound and praiseworthy investigations 
into that portion of poetical history which is still earlier than the present, 
and which includes the origin and formation of the language, and the rise 
of the troubadours and other poets, both of southern and northern France." 
The history of French poetry appears to be divided into four airas, the 
first extending from Henry 1. to Philippe de Valois : this would includfi 
the authors of the Roman de la Itose and other old poets. The second from 
Philippe de \'alois to I'Viincis 1. ; that t-ikes in Alain Chartier and Villon, t 

* The diitinclion belweea the troubadouni nod the trouvtres sfaould alvDyg be krpt 
in mind, mnd Mr. Gary's note upon the subject, |>. xii. oF liis eiaay . not be overlaoked. 
Tbe Abb^ Miuicu ukei up the (ubjeot of lbs commeBcenieot of Prencli ]>oelry from 
>Q ten ymivm lo that at which Mr. C'vy IwginK hii. — Rev. 

t Gibbon hu remarked " the veries of A'illon aftfi his coadeiuiiiilioii to un infs- 
■nouideadi, u very eitraoTdiDiry." !4er hi« Memoirc, vol. ii. p. IBI. Most eilra- 
ordiaary iodeed they ore I What a picture for a mnn lo draw of hM/olurt irlf / wh« 
■ portnit of himl^ after death U the folloniDg ■ He wu coDdtmoed to be hanged 
with hii campaniom in crime, when be wrote 

' L« pluyc nous s buei, et lavei, &c.' 

The rain hat dreuch'd and BO&k'd us through, 

Tbe tun ba^ dried and bUcken'd our akin ; 

Tbe ccowt and raveni have picked out dut eye*, 

And plack'd up our beard*, end torn off our brows : 

XdCs moment are our bodiei still. 

Here and tbere, tninging tbis way and ibal, 

Th« wind, ai it changes, toasts and drirei U9 ; 

And then the birdi come, with their billa. 

Picking boles, till our bodies are like an old thimble, BiC. 

Drilled thrDugb and through. Doat stand and frin at nt, 

But go and atk.God to abfolre Di from lin, Sic. 



I 



980 Orfw Sdrhf Frm^ Foth. C%P^ 

and Charles Duke of Orleans.* The third ftoni Fhinen 1. 1» Huiiy 
IV. ; this includes Maret, Saint Gelais, and great part of the p ae U iribo 
are mentioned fai this Tohune. The foorth and last] extends ftwi ^ns 
time to that of Louis XIV. Many of these poets may be daaaed in 
di lle rent schools. Some possess original talmt ; some are only jhint Imi- 
tstions and shadows of others. Of all periods that (^ the Pleiad mm tte 
most hrillzant. It consisted of seven illustrioos names, the stars of tte 
poetical hemisphere, — Ronsard, Dn Bdlay, P. de Thyard, Jan Awjiw^ 
de Bufy Estiome JFodelle^ Remy Bdleau, and Jean Dorat All yMded 
to their supreme infbence, and almost all the poets of the day enKalad 
mider their banners. Rabelais alone would not submit ; he attacked them 
with his strong pungent wit, his sturdy, bold, uncompromising satire^ as 
may be seen in his d^etdi of the character of the Limosin scholar.f Bni 
we must refer our readers to the pages of Mr. Gary's wori[, and to Mas- 
sieu's History, and later critics who haye treated on the same subject, and 
proceed to give a few e xtr ac ts and specimens, shewing the manner in whseh 
die subject is executed. 

CHA&LBS DUKE OF ORLEANS. 

It is a curious &ct that the poems of a person who was grandson to 
one of the French kings, father to another, and uncle to a third, himsdf 
also a prince of distinguished talent, should have been suffered to He 
neglected and unknown firom the I5th century to a very late period ; par- 
ticularly when we reflect on the character which Mr. Gary gives g^ the 
poetry itself, ** It not only excels any other of that time we are acquainted 
with, but might at any time be regsjrded as a pattern of natural ease and 
elegance." The MS. however was noticed in the royal library at PniS| 
near a century back, by the Abb£ Sallier, who inserted three papers mi 
the subject in the Memoire of the Acad6mie des Inscriptions. The vohnne 
had belonged to Catharine of Medicis. The arms of Charies Duke of 
Orleans were in4)ressed on the first leaf, together with those of Valentina 



And yet this i« the same poet who could write those channing and delicate venet, 
that pretty ballad on the fragility of female beauty,— Sur les dames dn temps jadia, of 
wbieh tiie harden is, — 



Mais on sent les aei f e a de Tan dernier ? 

Bat where are die anowa of the year that has fled ?— Rst. 

'^ In the Poena of Chailea d'Orl^aas is one to his host and hostess : — 

Mon tree bon hoste et ma tree douce hostesse, 

TVes hamhlement et plas voas remerde 

Des biens, honnear, bonti, et coartoisie, 

Qae m'BTes fiiit tona deoz par votre hoinblesse, Sic. (Vide p. 365.) 

There is also another poem, asking his friends to assist him with his rantom, 
beginning,— 

Des BOVveUea d*AlbkMi, 

Si voas en plaist eseoater, Ste. (P. 345.) 

A poem on the death of his sscoimI wifo-»t)r so I presome it to be-»may be found in 
p. 837 of his poems, — 

J'aT fait Tobseque de Madame, 
Dedana le moustier amoreozi Sec— Rbt. 

t See Psntagmely 1. iL c. 5, and TEpistre da Limousin au Pantagruel (C%iry).— Rir. 



1MB.] Ciffjr'B Earfy Fremsh Pc^U. »l 

«f Milan, his ttother, fihewing that Catharine had got it fnm the library 
flf her husband Henry II. A second MS. is in the pi^lic lilMiury at 
Giwnobie, firom which the edition in our possession is printed (Grreaoble^ 
1803) ; and a third, of singular splendour, is in the library of the British 
Museum. This last was once the pn^ierty of Henry VII. of England, 
whose daughter Mary was married to the son o£ the poet himself, Louis 
XII. Mr. Gary says, « The Abb^ Sallier remarks that if Boileau had 
seen these productions, he would not have called VUlon the restorer of 
the French Parnassus. I am not sure of this ; the palate of Boileau 
required something more poignant. In tiiese there is as much simplicity 
as in some of WordswortVs minor pieces ; the chief difference is, that they 
are almost all love verses,"— -er* gr* 



In dream, and wuh. tad thought, ay love, 
I see thee every dsj i 
So doth my heart to meet thee moTe, 
"When tkou art lar away. 

For ^lat all worldly joys above 

Thou shinest in thy array ; 

In dream, and wish, and tkoaght, niy lovl^ 

I see thee every day. 

No care, no hope, no um I profe, 

That is not thine to sway : 

O ! trust me, while on earth I rove. 

Thy motions I obey. 

In dream, and wish, and thought, my love. 

P^inei de Charlti tTOrUmu, p, 908. Pcrit, ia09« 

We give another pretty little poan, '< Le temps a lalssi^ scm menten." 

Tlie Time hath laid his mantle by 
Of wind and rain and icy chill, 
And dona a rich embroidery 
Of sunlight ponr'd on lake and hill. 

No beast or bird in earth or sky 
Whose Toioe doth not with giadnesi thriU* 
For Time hath laid his mantle by 
Of wind and rain and icy chill. 

River and fountain, brook aad nil. 
Bespangled o*er with liyery gay 
Of silver droplets, wind their way : 
So an their new apparel vie ; 
The Thne hatk laid his mantle by. 

Also " En regardant ces belles fleors," &c. 

In blinking at the bonny Hewers 
When April them to love doth wooe, 
And all shine brighter in the bowers, 
And all are decked with colours new ; 

No heart there is but youth restores 
Amid tiieir breath of balmy dew, 
In blinking at the bonny flowers, 
When Apnl them to love doth wooe. 

The birds are dancing in their glee 
Upon the twigs 'mid bloemy showers ; 
There siqg th^ loud in their chauntrie, 
Counter and tenor merrily. 
In blinkiDg at the bonay flowers. 



2d2 Gary's Earfy French PoeU. [Sept 

We ▼enture to add to these admirable and spirited translations a stray 
one of our own, as we were turning over the volume ; it may act as a foil 
to make Mr. Gary s shine the brighter. " De votre beauts regarder," &c. 

To gaze upon your beauty near, 

^d still another look to steal. 
My own, my gentle mistress dear, 

Yon cannot think the joys I feel. 

I'm never wearied there to gase. 

All sorrow I forget, and fear ; 
In gazing 1 could pass my days, 

My own, my gentle mistress dear. 

From evil tongues away I turn, 

For ever your sweet youth to praise ; 
I cannot keep myself, but burn 

Upon your beauty still to gaze. 

The life of Charles Duke of Orleans, Mr. Gary says, might furnish 
the materials for a romance, or rather for several romances ; but our 
readers must turn to his pages for them. His father was assassinated ; his 
mother died of grief! He married the widow of Richard H. of England. In 
the year after the marriage his consott died. Before the age of 20, he was 
an orphan and a widower ; a second marriage with a daughter of the 
Count of Armagnac involved him in fresh troubles. At the battle 
of Agincourt he fell into the hands of the invaders ; he was found lying 
under a heap of slain by a soldier of the name of Waller, and was taken 
to Henry V. Waller was desired to take charge of his prisoner, and confined 
him in his own mansion at Groombridge, near Tunbridge, in Kent; and 
at this time his second wife died.* He is supposed to have remained a pri- 
soner for 25 years here and in the Tower. He rebuilt the mansion at Groom- 
bridffe, and repaired part of the neighbouring church of Speldhurst, over the 
porch of which his arms are said now to be seen. From this Waller, the 
Wallers of Beaconsfield are descended, and of course the poet. He died in 
1466, in his 75th year. It is said that Henry refused all ransom for Orleans, 
because he was next heir to the throne of France after Charles the 
Dauphin. A large volume of English pieces bearing his name, and said 
to have been written during his captivity, exist in MS. in the British 
Museum, and was printed for the Roxburghe Club by Mr. Watson Taylor 
in 1827 (MS. Harl. No. 682). An article on them appeared in this 
Magazine, in May, 1842, and in the Retrospective Review, vol. I. of the 
New Series, by Sir Thomas Croft. It appears, however, that there are 
translations from his poems by another hand ; see Collection des Documens 
in^ts sur THistoire de France, p. 70 (Par. 1885), where it is observed. 
'* Ce manuscrit contient la traduction Anglaise de la plupart des po6sies de 
Charles d'Orleans, execute par un contemporain, L^on ny trouve rien 
guipuisse autoriser a croire quelle soit du prince lui-mSme" &c. For 
this reference, we owe our obligations to the editor of Mr. Gary's volume, 
and we fully agree in the correctness of the criticism. f 

* See Harris's History of Kent, vol. i. p. 202 ; Hasted's History of Kent, vol. i. 
p. 431. — Rev. 

+ Wt may add, that the volame concludes with tome verses of bitter triumph against 
the English for their loss of the provinces of Gaienne and Normandy. ** Comment 
vols Je MS Anglais esbahis,'' 0cc. p. 368.— Rev, 

1 



|ft4&] 



Gary's isni7v Freticfi PoeU. 



Mr. Cary observes that the French of the preseat day wt little stcn- 
the reriven of the poetical art ; and he jiutly blames that extreme solicit I 
tude for what tbey call the purity of their language, which makes them 1 
easily offended by phrases, the irregularities of which tee should be ready \ 
to pardon, in con side ration of higher excellence, or even to welcome as M 
many means of aiding us in that escape from tbc tameness of common ' 
every-day lil'e which it is one great end of poetry to effect. Marot is c 
fiidered by them as an antiquated poet, whose writiugs have need of a 1 
dictionaiy to expl^n them, and one of the critics (M. Avenel) says that hia 
Epigram) may be considered the only title he has to celebrity in tha 
present day. '• All this," says Mr. Cary, -'may shew the little Isste th« 
French now have for the elder poets. How otherwise could they have i 
overlooked those exquisite sketches, the Temple of Cupid and the Eclogue 
of Pan and Kohin, Uie latter of which is worthy the author of the Faerie 
Queene, as the former is of Chaucer ?" We might almost suppose our* 
selves to be reading bd imitation of the proem to the Canterbury Talei !■ 
the following verses, with which the Temple of Cupid opens -.— 

Sor le printcmpB que la belle Flan 
Ltt champi coiverti de diiersc flenr «, 
E SOD amy Zepbirrui les enenle, 
Qnand dou«iDcnt en Tur loaipire e TCnte. 



Mr. Cary gives a very amusing abstract of the poem, i 
extract, but we must find room for one of his skilful a 
lationB. The poet is describing the Temple Cupidique. 



00 long for lu to 
id elegant trana-, 



■ In the Forest of Loves, 
I Many 

I "It m 

■ Gbht 



On Capid's brow for crown wii lel 

Of TDtet > r*ir cliapelBt, 

TliB which within her garden grein 

Wen gather'd by Love'a gracioui queen. 

And by her la her iahnt dear 

Sent in the spring.time of the j eor. 

Thoe he with right good -will did don ; 

And to his mother thereupon 

A ebariot g*ve, in triumph 1«1 

Bf Inrtlee twelve, all hameened. 

Before the dtar hw I, blooming fair, 

Two cfpreises, embalm'd with odoura rare. 

Aad theae, quoth thcj, are pillars that do bide 

To atajr thia altar famed far and wide. 

And then a thooaand birda upon the wing 

Amid Ihoae curtains green ome fluttering. 

Ready to aiog their little longi divine. 

And 10 I aak'd, why came they to that ihrine ? 

And theae. thej said, are matini, friend, which Ifaeji 

la honour of Lovc'i queen are come to say. 



gay nightingale, 
Amid the green-wood'a leafy shroud, 
Initead of dcska, on branches smale, 
Far *erw, respanac, and "p'^tle loud, 
Sat shrilling of their meny song. 

It may be seen," sap the author, "from this view of oi 
Gbst, Mao. Vol. XXV^. 2 H 



23'! Csry"* I^arly Frenirh Poelt. [Sopt. 

how strong a reaembUnce Mnriit bonn lo (.'haucer. IluUas llie aamo 
liveliness of fancy, the same rapidity ami diatinctncxB of pencil, the same 
•fchness, the same disposition to satire ; but he hsB all these generally in 
■ less degree. His language does not approach much nearer to the 
modem than old Geoffrey's, though hia age is so much leas remote from 
ours. Marot was contemporary with our writers in the time of Henry 
VIIL and, had they left anything equal to this piece, or to the Epistle of 
Maguelonnc A son Amy Pierre de Provence, or to the Hero and Leander 
of this writer, many a lover of antique simplicity would have nacn up 
•inongst us to shew how superior such compositions were to the nvgiw 
eannra of later times." Mr. Gary says that Marot'a tale of the Lion and 
Rat opened the way for La Fontaint't excellence in tliat species of 
writing. This alone would bo sufficient to entitle him to our gratitude 
I'tnd respect, for Fontaine is a poet who has no successful competitor iu his 
fe nm or any other language. I3ut we must leAvc the delightful company of 
fc-Ferme .amour, and her faithliil porter, Bel-accuedl, and the comely lainta 
ItSuu-parler, and Bien-celer, and Bien-aymer, to gire a brief notice of our 
Lpoet's mortal existence. lie was bom iu 1464. His Either, a Norman, 
^ was a poet of some celebrity. During the captivity of Francis I. in Spain, 
' Morot was imprison«d on suspicion of heresy ; being delivered through tho 
intercesaionof friendii,he took refuge, first with Margaret of Navarre, after- 
wards at Ferrara, with Ren6e, duchess of that city, daughter of Louis XII. 
Here he contracted a friendship with Calvin, llie duchess, however, in- 
terceded with the King of France to allow him to return to his court, in 
consideration of his becoming a dutiful son of tho church. Fie said ho was 
neither a Lutheran, Zuinglian, nor Anabaptitt, but that he had written 
many a poem, and his delight was to exalt his saviour and the virgin mother, 
On his return in 1 536 he translated soiaii of the Psalms into French 
I metre, which gave much scandnUhe also so openly delivered bis sentimeati 
[ OD religion that he was obliged to remove to Geneva. Hci* he is saM lo 
have had an intrigue with his landlady, which obliged him to leave that 
city, and he retired to TuriU) where he died at the age of sixty. Such is 
the picture of a poet's life !* 

HUGUES SALEL. 
This poet lived in tho time of Francis I. The title-page of his 
work ii worth transcribing : — " The Works of Hugues Salel, Valet da 
Chambre in ordinary lo the King. Impriatcd by commandment of the 
■aid lord. With privilege for six year;. Imprinted at Paris, by Stephen 
RofTi?!, called the Mower, Binder to the King, ami Bookseller in this town 
of Parin. abiding on Ihe Bridge St. Michael, nt the sign of the White 

* Bijrle may be eoniolted for Mne Inleretlfng «ncedot#i aad disouiiioni on Msrot. 
Sea alio CLuuiilon'a Diet. Hiiliirii|ue, And P*li«>ot, Memoirra. i<. p. 149. Tcabove's 
Memoirs of the Houtc of Medici, ii, p, 'MX, mil Coatullo'i Early Poelrjr of FraDse, 

Sigi. For a critique on Mirot, see Ln Cirsct^ei de la Bruycre. vol. I, p. 96. 
a Manit'B Ttrsion of the Paalmi, Lord Hailea, ia hia Tract* on ScoiUnd. p. 19&, 
uja, "There are manf rxltaordinary puingsa in tbc ptrnpbraiB, which I do not 
chooae lo quote." Qreawell, iu lis PuriiUn T^pngcaphy. i, p. i(il, aaya, '■ The 
Epitaphe de Liure, fnood anDsxed to Marol'i Paalma, lia< bi'eii pronounced b> be Iho 
madoiii/ed prorffWion bf Fraacii Iht Plrtt." Wo obaerir that the ediliona of Marot 
vary very much. On the very rare one of liSB, do Niort, ecb lliat. d'nna Voyage 
Lileraire, p. I4R, IU(i. and Rajle. The cdilion of Sedan, par Jannln, lS3t>, ii very 
' icaTca. It ii tha moat diminutivi bnik mr prMt4.~'Rar. 



IS-16.] 



Cary'i Earfj/ Fitnch PoeU. 



Rose ;" supposed to be printed \n 1A36. We do not mention this poet for 
the take at his poem, a Roynl Chase of the Wild Boar Discord, who i« 
Blain by the emperor Charles t. and Fnncis I. ; hut that we nay quote tbe 
following song, which Mr. Cary says may be considered as a tesUmony on 
the long-pending suit with respect to the song of the nightingale. 



h polling by a Wood and rfgrtti'mj Margarll. 
lit gladei uooDli 



Ye Dighting&lffi, whose 

ThnlliouC Ibelflgrri 
Ob ' fill DO more Chew fui of m 

With such 1 BifEct ud pluHi 

Unto I place ihencejof is fla*ii ; 

Then, but for once a lad note leading, 

Sing, m je Hitl, my mi^lreM guar. 

Mr. Cary also remarks that " the mast remarkable amongst his poemi 
ore Three Chapters of Love, as they are called, in which he uses the Italian 
measure called the Terza Rima. It whs adopted by some of our writers 
in Henry VIII. and Elizabeth's lime, as Sir Thotnas WyalL. Sir Francis 
Bryan, Sir Philip Sidney, and afterwards by Milton, in his version of 
the second pialm. Yet Mr. Hayley supposed he was the first to in- 
troduce it into our language, in that spirited translation of the first three 
cantos of Dante which he inserted in the notes to his Essay on Epic Poetry ; 
and Lord Byron, when he adopted it in a later poem called the Vision of 
Dante, was not aware of Mr. Haylej's mistake." 

Hugiips Salel, of Casals, in Querci, was bom about 1508. Ron&ard 
esteemed him one of the first who began to write well in France. He was 
presented bv Francis I. to the Abbey of St. Cheron, near Chi.rtres, wbero 
he died in 1558. 




JOACEllM DU BELLAY. 

his account of Bellay with the 



Mr. Cary 
of Spenser,— 

Bellaj I fint garland of fiee poeij 

That Prance brougli I forlh. though fitful of brave vila ; 
Well worthy tfaon of immortalitj , tie. 

and has observed that he has still more distinguished tbe subject of it by 
trandating several of his poems, thus securing to him undeniable claims 
In attention and deference from an English reader. His poem called 
*■ Olive " is a collection of 115 sonnets, nearly all of them, excepting a 
few of tbe last, on the aubjei'l of his love, which he shadows forth imder 
the figure of that iiee, as Petrarch had done his under that of a laurel. 
The word itself is an anagram of Viole, the real name of the lady whom 
he celebrates, and who was an inhabitant of Angers. In the 28th is found 
the sentiment in a common, but very pretty, French song, which the un- 
fbrtimatc Major Andr£ was fond of applying to his Honora. Mr. Cary 
■aya he writes it from memory, having never seen it in print : — 




Ctf/i Early PremA Po€U. [Stpt. 



LoiB de nMM moo ooev WMqpire, 

Ante de TCMniaif interdit : 
YdXk tiwt oe <i«efoM fire* 

Et pcotitee j'tt trop diL 

Mr. Carj not baying fiiToared as with one of lot be mtifu l tnnslatioBi 
of thif pietty little aong, we Tentnre oo an extempore Tenion : 



Oh! ifyoaefMld 

What fedngi is Biy botoBT beat ; 
Lore bai noduag failf ao teader, 

FrienMup aottiaf fadf 10 



Awaj from jo«, mj hmxt it tigbing. 

Sear jvm, voice and speedi are fled : 
lliia b an I dare to alter. 

And peiiiapa too atacli I Ve said* 

Mr. Canr thinks that we have an Engliah song in which the 
natnrsl feelmg is expressed, bat he is not aUe to recdlect the woids of it. 

Of the 91st sonnet we bare a rival in an Italian one of BemardiBO 
Tomitanoy a Padnan physidan, who died in 1576. Which is the original 
it is not easy to say. We give the English yerma of Belli^'s : 



Yield to the nheres tlij witdung strain 

That froBn neir otba has rolTd ; 
To eastern dimes retam again 

Their fragranoe, pearls, and gold. 
Be to the snn that brig^tnem giren 

Tbon borrow'st from his fluae ; 
And render back thy smile to heafen, 

Fh>m whence its sweetness came. 
Owe to the mom thy blosh no more. 

Which from her dieek has ilovn ; 
To aeraph bands their tmth restore. 

Her cha s tenfii to die moon. 
What then shall of tiwae charms tcmain 

Which thon dost call thine own, 
Except the pride and cold disdain 

That tarn th j dave to stone. 



We must find room for Bellay's satirical sonnet against Venice (115)w 

It doth one good to see these auynificoes, 

These prond poltroons ; thdr gorgeous arsenal ; 

Their roads o'ertiirong'd with Tcssels ; their Saint MariL ; 

Their palace, their ridto, and their port; 

Thdr bank, their traffic, their exdiange, dieir bsrt'ring. 

To see their antique hate with formd beak, 

Their broad-sleeved mantles, and their nnbrimm*d bonnets: 

It doth one good to mark thdr vnoontii jabbering, 

Thdr gravity, thdr port, thdr sage advice 

On public qvestions : vea, it doUi one good 

To see thdr senate baljotiag on each thing ; 

In every port thdr gooddas afloat ; v 

Thdr dames, tiidr masqaiiy, and thdr londy living. 

Bat tiie beat dght of all ia to behold 

When these old wittols go to wed the sea. 

Whose spouses they are, and the Turk her leman. 

England came in for a large portion of the poet's gall. At f. 189 is a 
poem called •« Execration sur I'Angleterre." He invokes all the infernal 
spirits of antiquity, Erebus and Phlegethon, Styx and Acheron, Cocytus, 



I 



1846.] Ciicy'a Early French PoeU. 237 

Chaos ODcl Night, Rage and Fury, and all that dwell in the throat of 
hell, to destroy the Engl