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Bouse IN THE rue sthonore.pabis. 


• Awb * - ■ 


From JANUARY to JUNE 1830. 





■ •■ • ••«••■ 

• «•• •• "•••• 

• • •«• •• •,•_••• 

^ a ■ • a • 


[Tkaa marked thui * «re y^^iet primed wUh the tetier-prettJ] 


View of the House at Paris, in front of which Henri Quatre was assassinated. .. 9 

Plan of a Roman Villa at Pitney, oo. Somerset 17 

Church and Tower uf Dundry, co. Somerset 105 

Paintings on Panel from Tavistock Church M3 

^Representation of Capt Clapperton's Funeral Ceremony . • • • 132 

^Specimens of African Tattooing. •• k 161 

Alms-Houses at Mitcbam, Surrey 201 

Percy Monument at Beverley, co. York 209 

Remains of the Inn of the Prior of Lewes, Suuthwark 297 

Representations of ancient Seals and miscellaneous Antiquities ; viz. Seal of 
George Rygmayden, of Tho. Dene, Prior of Eaeter ; one found at Winchester^ 
Hoddesden Hospital, and Framlingham Castle ; brass relic found at Minster 

Church, Thanet, f and an earthen vessel fonnd In Ireland 305 

Lambeth Palace, as it appeared in the Autumn of 1029 393 

•Gate-house of Lsmbeih Palace 394* 

Gower*s Monument in St. Saviour's Church, Soothwark 401 

«Stone Coffin in St. Martin's Cborcb-yard, Salisbury 407 

♦Painted Glass at St. Thomas's Cbnreh, Saliabury •• ..409 

Seal of Tavistock Abbey, Betsy Grimbald's Tower, and Sepulchral Vestiges pre- 
served at the Vicarage, Tavistock • 489 

Wanstead House, Essex 497 

St. John's Chapel, Walham Green, Fulham .'»7 7 

Holy Trinity Churchy Brompton, Middlesex ib* 

^Norman Arches in the Chapter-house of Bristol Cathedral 609 

t It has been suggested bv a friend, that this is one of those clasps by which 
books were anciently fastened with a thong i the ring at the end or the hole at the 
back might be placed aa-« pin fixed to one of the sides of the book, as required by 
the bulk or looseness of the coi 

i 5183V' 

The Bmder wUl pUate to cemeel fp, 531-583 tf June Magazme. 

A tiuik of greater difficully has seldom fallen upon tlie Conductors of 
K Periodical Publication than that wliicli the Editors of the Gcntlentaalk' 
Magazine arc now called upon la perform, by writing a Preface to the, 
HfKDRBDTii Voltmie of their labours. 

On reaching a period in the history of that work, which has very feif 
|)r7ce<lents in the annals of literature, it may be expected from 
I^ditors that they should not merely prc§cnt to their Patrons aad 
Friends an account of the progress and genera] contents of the former 
lolumes, and advert to the public and private principles by which ail 
iu Conductors have been actuated, but that they should speak of their 
present plans and resources. Were this, however, all which i'l 
cuDibent upon them, they might hope to acquit themselves, if not with 
credit, at least witliout disgrace, for to the pastthey can allude with pride, 
and to the future with confidence ; but they are aware that it is their duty 
to stale the honest exultation which they naturally feci at tliL' lung and un- 
interrupted success which has attcoded the Magazine, — to notice with 
delicacy ihc causes which have presurved it frgm the fate that Iios at- 
tended BO many of its contemporaries,— to allude to the grounds upoB 
which Uiey build their hopes that it is destined to survive for another 
hundred years, — and, more than all, to express the deep gratitude with 
which tliey are impressed for the assistance of able conlrihutors, and for 
the large share of patronage by which their exertions have been cheered 
and rewarded. In adverting to points of so personal a nature, egotism 
cannot be avoided ; but there arc occasions when silence as well 
tpecch may have its source in vanity, and if ever a modest allusion to 
literary services be justifiable, it is when gratitude dictates the assurance 
tJiat every effort will be used to retain the patronage which those ser- 
vices have acquired. 

The able Preface to the " Ueueral Index to the Gentleman's Magazine 
Inm 1787 to ISIS,*' contaioa so satisfactory a history of the work, that 
it is only necessary to rcfur to it for an account of its institution and 
|iciigreas, and fur the names uf the eminent writers who origiitally coii- 
Ihbutcd to ita pages. But it is desirable to notice briefly the valuable 


information upon the most interesting subjects which is scattered 
through the work, and which^ it may be said without vanity, because 
the fact has been universally admitted, render its numerous volumes a 
general repository of intelligence — a kind of inexhaustible store-house, 
as it were— of materials for History^ Antiquities, and Biography, even 
if Science and Art may not also be included. 

The collections for History may be divided into that which is con- 
temporaneous with the respective volumeS| and that which relates to 
much earlier periods. For some time aHer the commencement of the 
Magazine, its character was more political than at present ; and the 
Tolunes were for many years remarkable for the Debates of both Houses 
of Parliament. To those Debates particular allusion is made, because 
tlia (irentleman*s Magazine was the first Journal that dared to risk the 
punishment of a breach of the privilege of Parliament, by reporting its 
proceedings, thus setting the example of enabling Constituents to know 
how their Representatives speak and act. So iinportant waa the pre- 
cedent, that Newspapers soon imitated the plan ; and when more accu- 
rate reports were given by the daily press than the limits of the 
Magazine rendered possible, the system was adopted of stating in a 
very abridged form the most material occurrences in Parliament ; but 
the honour of being the first person who incurred the dange^ of fearful 
penalties for printing the Debates, belongs to Cavb, the original editor, 
and which is alone sufficient to entitle his memory to respect. 

From the appearance of the first number of this Miacellaoy to the pre- 
sent time, scarcely a single memorable event, of any kind, domestic or 
foreign, has occurred of which a notice is not to be found ; and the value 
of such a general record, either for amusement or for higher purposes* is 
too obvious to be insisted upon. 

To History and Antiquities, and more especially to whatever is con^ 

nected with our own country, a large proportion of each volume has 

been dedicated. Upon various abstruse points in our annals, disserta* 

tions and facts, more or less valuable, occur; and those who are ac«- 

quainted with the nature of historical materials can testify to the utility 

of collecting scattered memorials, many of which, from being local, 

might not have come tp the knowledge of historians but for the 

publicity thus given to them. In plates and descriptions of Antiquities, 

by which is meant ancient buildings, carvings, seals, rings, medals, and 

other remains of former ages, the Magazine is peculiarly ridi, it being a 

common practice for the individuals by whom they were discovered, to 

transmit accurate drawings of the respective articles, most of which 

have been fully illustrated by otlier correspondents. The collection on 

tM> aubject may be sarely prunounccil unrivalled, and fonni data fbr 
an iiitf>orlaDt vuliime. On ilie Eultsidiarics, or as ihey are termed 
" hanilmaids," of History, namely. Architecture, lloraldry, and Genea- 
logy, AS wvU as in relation to the Arts, and Early Literature, much 
inrvrniation may be found ; and perhaps one of the most interesting 
ilepartiDents is that !n which light is thrown on the descent of illustrioua 
families, where their rise, decline, and fall are traced, affording, in many 
ioslances striking examples of the iQEtability of human greatness. The 
Literary Antiquary has always found a source of amusement and instruc- 
tion in tlie numerous papers on early writers, particularly Poets, the 
works of many of whom have been elucidoted in the most satisfactory 

It is for Biography, hoivcver, that the value of the Gentleman's Maga- 
lineixinostreatarkable. There is scarcely an eminent individual of this 
Country, about whom some information is not to be obtained ; and it 
may be said without fear of refutation, that Uiere is not a literary person 
ul'tke Inst or present century, whose life could be properly written with- 
out reference to its volumes. Many of their earliest productions are con- 
Idined ill them, and the poetical niches were often tilled with the first 
lupinitiuns of a Muse, which afterwards soared to the highest pinnacle 
(if ftune. Unfurtunalely the authors of many of the beautiful pieces 
wbicli occur in the first t«-enty volumes are not known, but the merit 
of the articles would justify (heir being collected and republished, leaving 
it to critics to assign them to the great names to which tbey unqucs- 
tioaobly bL^oog. The Obituary has long i)ossesscd the highest re- 
putation ; and lite best evidence of its value is the copious manner 
in vbicb the statements are transferred to other publications. Front 
ruUtica the Magazine has gradually receded ; but whenever political 
opinions are expressed, they indicate an undeviiiling adherence to Church 
and State, a warm attachment to the Crown, Laws, Eslabhshments, and 
Itdigian of our country, a distrust of theoretical experiments upon what 
the fxpericnce af ages has taught us to reverence, an abhorrence of the 
fanciful ravings uf enthusiasts, religious or political, and a de^nre to 
prCMn've unchanged those Institutions of our forefathers, under which 
England has acquired tlie highest renown among nations. 

To lluwe remarks on the long scries of past volumes, all which will be 
added is, lliat their contents are rendered available, and that the scattered 
infurmation upon any one subject may be instantly collected, by means of 
die hifjldy valuable Indexes, not only fur each year, but which arc di- 
gested into five scpar.itc volumes, ably classed, and arranged. Willi 
ibis assistance the Gentlciuan's Magazine forms in itjclf an Encyclopedia 

p «•• 


under wfadae sway the Empire acqqired the most brilliant glory in war* 
and experienced perfect tranquillity and happiness in peace* Bat in com- 
mon vfith the rest of their countrymen they are cheered in then- afflic- 
tion by the accession of a Sovereign who possesses to the fullest extent 
English feelings, English taste, and English habits, qualities dear to 
every English heart* Throwing aside the pomp, and dismissing the 
l^uardst with which custom has long surrounded the royal person, 
William the Fourth trusts himself among his people ; and sensible 
that Englishmen love their Monarch, not as a secluded deity, but as a 
man- to #hom they can personally offer the homage of their loyalty and 
attachment. His Majesty gratifies their feelinjgs and his own by fr^* 
quently offering himself to their gaze, appearing by this conduct, as 
well as by every other act since the Crown devolved upon him, to 
place his happiness in the applause of his subjects. 

Reposing the greatest confidence in his Ministers, and treading 
in the footsteps of his Predecessor, his Majesty justifies our reliance 
apon his wisdom, firmness, and, above all, upon his desire to do every 
tiling to merit the love of his people. The political atmosphere is con- 
sequently free from clouds to excite alarm ; and the reign of William 
ihe Fourth is likely to rival his revered Father's in popularity, and 
to be no less distinguished than that of his illustrious Brother. 

The Editors flatter themselves that the venerable age which the 
Gentlkman*s Magazine has attained will be considered evidence of 
kB worth, and secure the respect which it has hitherto enjoyed ; that, 
added to the wisdom and prudence which are ascribed to an honourable 
senility^ the subsequent volumes will exhibit all the vigour of an intellect 
unimpaired by time, and fully capable of directing the resources at its 
disposal ; and they close this Preface, by pledging themselves that na 
labour shall be considered too great to deserve, and that no reward wiR 
be deemed so gratifying as to retain, the approbation and snpport of 
their numerous Subscribers and Contributor. 








S-.-,'r' JANUARY, 1830. S;^ 

0tt^n»t femmanitannni. < i'-r W. Scou'i Hiitur*Df SAiiltnd 

t (JniiuniiDtKCI « Hittor; of MirltioM D»corsi,.. . . 

tDN«KlcWriwr>wU>pr*Md»ISh*k- Monmor — ' " " 

ir*t Md MDCcUllir of Cbiiit. Ms[lu*i . . S Flumio' 
MUr un th* McdinI Profwioo .... 
ma of Mr. Gurick ud Mr. Puki . . 

rttili Libcnlilj 

of BnrcktwMt 13 

I KntoTil of Buriil Qnnindi H 

inCM m Churiliei ntniknied 1G 

pkln at Kcihini Church (6- 

I vail M PilKr. CO- ^men*) 17 

ri PnwnH ofSugf CwtchTrHclliDg 1« 
tn nf B'ittih Officen snr B>}'>BDa..9i 
I WitMHi't Hipry In KsY. Mr. Bin>l» 33 
•n Sn W. ScMl'f "fr^mwul Antiq." S4 
MiBdDMriiHofWitchcnft.Ni.. iV.ii. 
iB^ofMid*if.f, MuMidvlft. 

«M ofthc H«(. Tl>«. Hitch 30 

rof ttMPritiT]iuS«id»lch? 91 

tot, in B«um.rii Chureh as 

y .TtektahuB .(Dd Pnn>ih«dChurchM i b. 

ttataa of ^tv publKation^. 
EMiDuivt of Tudai Ari'hiucturs ,.aa 
rVsCBbgUrjof Eut Aiigli* 37 

P>i»le Mcmoin of Coi.rt of Looii XVIII . . 

Wilhunu'i GrogTiph* of Aocigot Aiji 

Rhlnil'i Studiu of Nittunl Hiatory 

TiIh of Fuur NuiuDi 

ForeigD RcTiew, .Nu. IX. . 

Fine Art 

i> R>v1( 

-N«- Poblra 

. .60 

Rojii Soeittr.— Clierokn lodlu 

AkTIQUIKHK RutlRCRCl .... ,. 

SiLtCT PoUTilV eg 

VtttautKi Cbrantcli. 

Foreiga Ntwi, 70.— DoneiticOccurnncei. 

Promaciaiu, l)ic.7S. — Mirriigc* 

Orituinv: >iili Mcmoin of thr Eul d 
Kcllid : Viic. Hubsrtnn ; Oio. l^iJ Chu 
Fitiroji Hon. J..ho Conaity-. R.,. Si 
P. a. Eeerton, B*rL; Sir Rlcll. Bnlio, 

, B.rl. 

r J. H, Willi 

Sir R. B. dr Ciiwlt BroDkc, Birt. ) Sir 
Wn. Fi>«rU Miildlicnii, Btrc. fcc. &c. 7 

Bill uf MorulilT^— Mirk*U,S4.— Sbans..9. 

M«i»Toli>g1nl Uiwy. — Pii«i ufSloeki' 



I s ] 


VuTOM obtenrm, « In a nuuiufcript at 
Oxford, written by an acquaintauce of Mr. 
Hampden, Treasurer of the Navy, (gFvndson 
of the patriot, and who was living within 
forty years of his ancestor,) it is stated, that 
Johnnampden died qf a mortification from 
the wound received at Chalgrave Field. 
Comparing this with a statement in your 
Magazine, and with a re|>ort that a princi- 
pal person present at the examination doet 
910/ believe the body dug up at Hampden to 
have been that of the patriot, I cannot but 
entertain a wish that one or other of the 
parties present on the occasion alluded to 
would candidly acknowledge the error into 
which the narrative so widely circulated has 
a tendency to lead the public and posteritr. 
The body feund> to remarkably perfect as is 
described, could not have been that of a per- 
son dying as has been related." 

An old SuDSCKiBKR says, << In the new 
editinn of the very neat ' Annual Peerage,' 
the Bishop of Sodor and Mann is • stated 
to be ' nut a Peer of Parliament,' seem-, 
ing to imply that he, like the Scotch and 
Irish Peers, though not holding a seat in 
Parliament, is yet a Peer. This, however, 
is not the case. The Scotch and Irish Peers 
may, at any mimient, be called by election 
to a seat in the House of Lords ; but the 
Bishop of Sodor and Mann could, in no 
GasualtVf be so called. In fact, our Bishops 
sit in PaHiament not as Bishops merely, but 
as Barons by .tenure of their lands. The 
colonial Bishops are, very properly, not 
styled Lord Bishops by the editor/' 

J. S. B. remarks, *' It is well known that, 
previously to the Marriage Act in 1764, 
marriages were solemn! rfd at private Chapels 
and elsewhere ; that there was a Chapel in 
Well-walk, ancither at Koightsbridge, a third 
in Duke-street, Westminster, &c. ike. where 
marriages were performed; and he is de- 
sirous of learning where the Registers of 
these Marriages are now to be found. That 
of Duke-street is known to be in private 
hands, and so perhaps are many others ; hut 
as they no doubt contain entries of Mar- 
riages and Baptisms, the proof of which 
may be frequently required, it is requested 
that those of your readers, who can give in- 
telligence of any of them, will have the 
goodness to do su." 

Mr. T. J. Bruckett writes, •* 1 am per- 
fectly satisfied with Mr. Broughton's expla- 
nation (p. 488). I uufortunately still retain 
my original opinion as to the use of the 
word fool ; hut whether 1 am correct or not 
must be left to the determination of others. 
In compiling a Local Glossary, it is very 
difficult to decide on the insertion or omiMion 
o/the differeot />rovinciBJ words that present 

themselves. The plan suggested by Mr. 
Broughton, even if practicable, would not, 
I fear, remove the perplexity. I hail with 
pleasure the prospect which is held out to 
us of a StaflFordshire Glossary." 

Mr. Carpcmtes, in reference to onr re- 
view of his « Scripture Difficulties," (De- 
cember, p. 588,) replies, *' I should have 
thought it impossible for any person to fail 
in attributing the remarks on 1 Cor. vi. to 
their real author, considering the mode In 
which I have introduced them : * The ob- 
scurity of this passage has given birth U» 
numerous conjectures as to the meaning of 
the apostle, which are thus ably summed 
up by Mr. Bloomfiekl.' Then follows Mr. 
Bloorofield's note, at the close of which b 
a direct reference to Bloom£eld in loco" 

A CoRRUPOMDftNT inquires for "uarti- 
calari relative to Captain Pretty, who ia 
thus mentioned in Clarendon's Memoirs, 
vol. II. pt. 1, p. 6, viz. < eight full troops 
of horse under tlie command of Captain 
Pretty.' He is probably the same person 
who is meotionea in the critical review of 
the State Trials as Colonel Pretty at the 
Castle of DuMin in 1 6'4.9. See 'Trial of the 
Regicides. There is a pedigree in the He- 
ralds' -office of a fiimily of the name, seated 
for many generatitms at Medbome (query^ in 
what county ?) the chief branch of which 
terminates in an heiress^ who married into 
the family of Porter." 

C. S. B. savs, <' About the period of the 
expulsion of the Jesuits from France (1764), 
there were books publicly burnt at Paris, the 

Rroductions of Bassambaum, Saurei, and 
iolina. The object of this inquiry is to 
ascertain the exact date of this transaction, 
as it would probably tlirow light on the 
much debated question of * who was the au- 
thor of Junius? ' " 

Our Ccinespondent in Dec. p. 499, who is 
anxious for some information respecting the 
square piece worn on the chest by the war- 
riors in the Bayeux Tapestry, is referred to 
vol. I. of Dr. Meyrick's Critical Inquiry, 
where he will find what he seeks. 

If our Correspondent the Tourist, who 
writes from Bath, has more in reserve for 
us, we sliall be glad to receive it, in ordrr to 
give a longer portion at a time. 

We beg to acknowledge the receipt of a 
communication from Candidus, for which we 
are obliged. We think, however, that wa 
may not have the opportunity afforded us, of 
adopting his suggestions. 

n. R. D. is informed, that the MS. from 
which he has fo\ind the quotation is the same 
as was printed in the 20th volume of Ar- 
chsologiay and Is now well known to anti- 


JANUARY, 1830. 


r. Dsaaw. 

SlcifoTd,l,irf Moor. 
landi, Jan, (). 

FEW prtioib or llitairic hiiiuty ire 
mote intcreiiing, few pceient 
mort copiriiis niatcria's for ainuiing 
Mmiivc, ]ie[ nans have been lc» 
cxirrullj erKjiiircd inia.tliin itial com- 
prnrd betwetn ttie cvminencenieiii of 
kl<ut>cih*> teign itid (he apiiearunce 
at Shakiprire on \hv icene — llie in- 
temt between (he firit faini (Jawnitig 
of odi dramatic ilay and Jit iinival ai 
Bnidi^n ipTendour. [noidenul allu- 
rioM lo ihc principal individual! wIjo 
Iben wtote for ihe theain are ■caiiered 
ihtmigh Tarioui wockii but a cullec- 
liMi of ihoM iioliccs, ivith a dii^rla- 
lioa upon the character of itlvir uril- 
iiwi, coDtinues la be a deiitleruiiim. 
IiTiu itidecd been idly ennu^h assMi- 
rI by iiiaiij aulhotl, and iitiplicilly 
btlieta) by their readers, tlial till 
Shakipearc ibed the Inttre of hia 
guiiui upon ihF iiDge, it wai in a tiiie 
of Dller barUariim j that it patiessrd 
no cotnpoaiiioni worthy a momeiili 
aimtionj and that he nut only ele- 
cted onr drama lo an unequalled 
pitch or excellence, but was actually 
nt fonnrler, its inventor, iir, lo use 
ibeir (avoiiriic expteaiioii, "lu crea- 
tor." Nothing, however, can be fur- 
Ibtr from ihe iiuih. When Shab- 
U>eai« lir»l arrived in L/mdon, a 
hiendte** unknown lad. the nccupa- 
um of writing far tlie iia^e ivas en- 
TOMd. not by lasteleH, obicure tcrib- 
bien, but by incn of wit and f-incy, 
nuMi of whom had received the ad- 
tantage of n college educaiiiin, and 
<*h(s by the coiniioaitiott of playi 
adapted to the popular taiie, hod made 
the amtiacnicnt of the theatre lO >l- 
tnciive Bt 10 render their erjfi a most 
locfaliee emplnymeni. Imtrad of de- 
MgMinj frniii Slukiprare'f due celr- 
hriiy, )i appears to me that few iliiuj^i 

lond niore sitikinely lo enh:ince U 
than the circumstance that by lh« 
magic of his unaided laicnis lie outdid 
the achicTemenl!! of ihia formidable 
phalanx, maiiered ihem at their own 
ivea|>on«, and tore froiu their browa 
the wreath of popularity which they 
wore so proudly. "Alone he did ill" 
aud in the course ofihis article will be 
shrwn with what billerneM of feeling 

15SII muv pretty safely be 
i.Ai.i ujnin di the perrod when Englibh 
dramatic poetry began lo assume k 
leltled form, and ro be composed in 
Eome degree nccordiu^ todefiuiie rules; 
fur pretioua to this time little had ap- 
peared tipon the itage but ledioui 
ptietiUlic» or low buffooiiericj, put 
toaelher in a itvle of congenial rude- 
nesg. — "wild w'--- - 


«ild wahou 

' In 


inlervat, hov 

before Shakspeare i 
iiumeroo! playa were produced bv 
Peele, Nash, Lodiie. Greene, and 
Marlowe, which, inferior aa they may 
be to Shakspearc's '--' ' - ' 

the i: 

') belong to precisely 
■hool, and completely nul- 

lify the assertion that he w: 

6'natnr of what is styled out Romsnlic 
rama. A collection of these rare 
pieces would be an invaluable addi- 
tion to our literature i while a narra- 
tive of what is known res|H:ciing ihelr 
witty but profligate authors, their 
quarrels wiiti their coniemporariei, 
their shifts and expedieuii lo mainlaiii 
a precarious existence, their diuuluie 
lives, and for the chief pan miierable 
ends, would forni a innii ninuiing Bad 
iiistruclive composition, Tlie works of 
two of iheiii, Pede and Marlowe, have 
recently been reprinied; the former I 
have not seen, and can therefore offer 
mi opinion ii[«>u the manner in tvhich 
■ lie talk has been executed ; but of 


Ijjt and HVtimgf of Cbrui(>i^ur Marlowe. 


whichever %tmt it ma^, simply signify 
either that Marlowe did honour u> the 
profession of a dramatist by the plays 
be was author ot, or to that of the a<s 
tors by the excellent parts he *' graced" 
them with. A curious extract from 
Greene's book» in which the above 
passage occurs, I intend to print in a 
subsequent |iart of this article, when 
it will be seen that it tends decisively 
to prove, by the terms in which it speaks 
of the players, and the distinction it 
draws between them and his quondam 
associates, that Marlowe was t§oi one 
of the fraternity. To this may be 
added the circumstance, that Heywood, 
who must have been well acquainted 
with his history, and in the prologue 
to the " Jew of Malu,*' styles him 
" the best of poets,*' gives no hint 
whatever of his having been an actor, 
so that the idea may be considered as 
altogether erroneous. 

Tnat Marlowe came to a disastrous 
and untimely end, is, I regret to say, 
put beyond a doubt. The exact time 
and place of this occurrence, with the 
name of the person who slew him, had 
escaped the curious research of all 
preceding inquirers, and for the hint 
which helped me to these pieces of 
information I was indebted to a pu- 
ritanical work by W. Vaughan, called 
" The Golden Grove Moralized." 
1600, ISmo. which, enumerating the 
judgments that have overtaken blas- 
phemers and atheists, has this descri(v 
tion of poor Marlowe's catastrophe : 

" Not inferiour to these wu one Chris- 
topher Marlowe, by profession • play- maker, 
who, at it it reportnL, about 7 yeeres s^goCi 
wrote a booke against the Trinitie. But, 
see the effects of God's instice ! It so hap- 
'nad that, at Detfiird, a little village about 
three miles distant ^om London, as be 
■leant to stab with his ponyard one named 
Ingram* that had inuit^ him thither to a 
leaste» and was then playing at tables, be, 
quickly perceyning it, so auoided the thrust, 
toat, withall, drawing out his dagger for 
his defence, hee stab*d this Marlow into the 
eye in such sort, that^ his braynes comming 
out at the dagger's point, he shortlie after 
dyed. Thus doth God, the true executioner 
of diuine iostice, worke the ende of impious 

The mention of Deptford in this ac- 
count induced me to imagine that some 
record of Marlowe's burial mieht pos- 
sibly be in existence there, though 1 
confess that my expectations upon the 
subject were not very sanguine. My 

enauiry was attended with success as 
will appear by the following tratiscript 
from the church-books made in Fe- 
bruary 1820: 

*' Extract from the Register of Bartab 
n the Farish of St. Nicholas, Deptford : 

*" 1st June, 1598. Christopher Marlow, 
slaine by Ffrancis Archer.' 

** A True Copy — D. Jones, Minister." 

Vaughan therefore, it appears, was 
right as to the place and time of Mar- 
lowe's death, tliough he seems to have 
been mistaken in the name of his an* 
tagonist. This entry affords sufficient 
contradiction, if any were needed, of 
Aubrey's blundering assertion that it 
was Ben Jonson who slew Marlowe,* 
an imputation which Gifford, in his 
life of Ben, thinks it necessary to re* 
fute ; but though his conclusion is cor- 
rect, he forms it upon erroneous pre- 
mises, and in detecting Aubrey's mis- 
take, falls into one himself, by assert- 
ing that it was impossible for' Jonson 
to kill Marlowe in IdQd, because Mar<- 
lowe died " at least two years before 
that period." 

1 hope to be pardoned for thus put- 
ting in my claim to the luck, such as 
it IS, of discovering what had eluded 
the vigilance of far more acute and 
industrious enquirers, because the edi- 
tor of Marlowe's Works, 1826, although 
he made use of the information, hud 
not the fairness to mention the source 
whence he derived it ; while in Mr. 
Singer's reprint of ** Hero and Lean- 
der, ' 1821, the fact is noticed, and 
candidly acknovvledsed to be borrowed 
from the brief outline of this article 
which I have previously alluded to. 
It was not a little amusing, after tlie 
above certificate of Marlowe's death 
and burial had been obtained, but 
previously to its publication, to find 
the Monthly Reviewers gravely main- 
tainine that no such person had ever 
existed, but that the name was niercly 
one assumed by Shakspeare at the out- 
set of his career ; a theory which seems 
to have been a great favourite with 
them, as thev sported it more than 
once. See Monthly Review, vols. 89 
and 93. James Brouohtom. 

(To he continued,) 

* « He (Jonson) killed Mr. Marlow, the 
poet) on Bunhill, comeing from tlie Oreen 
buruin Playhouse." « Letters written by 
Eminent Persons in the 17th and Itlh 
Centuries," 18i:i, vol. ii. p. 415. 

JSKIJ Dr. FoTster on /«i.nrfi-g 


DR.T. t'ORSTRR.ofChflmsro-d. 
b4i addresstil a Lcticr lo VV. 
Lihnacc, Em^. F. R. S. cuniaiiiing 
*' Ubacnwimt* on lite Union which 
hn bvcaiiM necwiify bclvTMn ihe 
>iiihrrl(i 9r|i»fit»il Btain-ti« of tlie 
Mflieil rn>rnsicm, anil on the Focn- 
4iiiaa of* Ficuliy of Medicine," 

Dr. Fordcr obsFrrn, ihsi Enetanil 
11 ih« onlj country in wliieh thai 
*mliei4l (lifiiioD of ilie ]itnrtuinn rx- 
Bti. which, by K|i.>ming ihe Surceon 
fiwn ihe Physician, ihminiihn ihe 
(ilililj of bolh, anil placrt ihe pure 
Chtsiciak infiniiel; below lUe Gg- 
Kt*AL Practitioner in (he quin- 
tao) uf uiefiil knowleil^ie he noursael. 
In Fiance, Iterinany, Swilii'tlaml, [he 
NcihcrUnds, Scmbnd, Irelnnil, and 
neiy o«her siaie except Souih Bfinin, 
ihe (wo brsnchei nrc uniltd, inil Ihe 
t)acltii or Medicine enjoys u diplimia 
ihil eniblei him m exerciie all the 
fiinctioni of Surgeon, Fhycician, and, 
in many cminlrir!!, of AlJolliecary t,\ao. 

If. «y« Ur. Foriler, I were lo re. 
cnmoienrf any diitinciintii in ihenro- 
fmion, ii laoiik] be in the easet of tlioje 
who mijhl cliDu>e toMudy ihediieaBct 
of pittlcaUr organs, *nrl lo become 
ntrrm ihrrtio, in the chdracier of 
Oeutitu, Auiiiit, Dcniitu, ami Ac- 
ttmthcun. Bin even in ihcK csics, so 
rtuntial do 1 believe the funeral prac- 
tice to be, 10 any of iti usriiculur ap- 
plimioni, that 1 noulu have llicte 
men alway* and nneoarily begin ihrir 
nii'ei, a> indeed many of ihem now 
do, by the iiudy and practice of the 

Kfeuion generally, and in all its 

In that most nieful and Uborioui 
dn* or men, the Apuihccatiei, all ihe 
tbtM bniicbrg of Surgery. Medicine, 
■nd Pb»fi).«y ore uniied j and thi» 
cirewiuUnrc, togeihrr with that of 
their beiD)! more fumiliiir with the 
eooitituiiiiii of ihoir naiieou, renders 
ihcm, it iniiM be alluwcd, ihe ouKl 
tScicnI'piiiiof ilie ftrofcitlan, as well 
aa (he ufeii and ninst confidciilial 
Uedical AJviiers of the fmnily, white 
the catling in n liurr Pbyiidan, in C4K 
«f caireinc danger. i» muried lo fre- 
•ocDtlf M ■ mere coniplianae with 
the «tM)iieii< of an old cgsioni, which 
atipQaieil At • period when the Auu- 
Uiecaric* wen not m> well edncaieJ ,-ii 
ihryui! ai prcirnt. For, ai both bk 
cJiKalt«l nuir, 1 confcM 1 cuii sec nu 

a I'ainUtj of M(diiii.f. 7 

luperioriiy whrnerer which the pure 
Phy»ici»n poanies the Apothe^ 
carvi while the latter hu the advantan 
of nmcb additionnl information, in 
which the fotmer ii Fretjuenllj dcfi. 
cient, both in Anatomy and practical 
Choniairy. And, as the two brancbti 
■re now conjitiiiied in England, iha 

possesj that son of Jiiperioriiy, when 
eompared 10 the cxclutii-e Pliyiician, 
which common icnje alway* ■flows to 
the prucfical, in inYfrrcnce to the 
theoretical part of an* tcicnee what- 
ever. Df. Hnnlcr. Mr. Hunier, and 
Dr. Baillir, all dciived their eminence 
from a practical knowledge of liie se- 
veral branches combined. And if I 
may allude to living caamplei, without 
offtnilnig the public, bai it not been a 
fwiiimiie uniiHi of Surgery, with the 
Lnowldgeuf Physiology, and of sim- 
ple Medicine, which has enabled Mr. 
Abc'inriliy 10 be so eniensively uiefiil 
ai the initrucior of the Physieianl 
And liai ii not been the superaddiiion 
of ilif vanoua adjuiant iciencca which 
has rsisHl toy friend, Mr. Lawrence, 
10 the most eoiiueol silnalion which 
he nuw holdi at the head of the 
Surgical Ptolesiion I 

In proporiion at sciences are certain, 
und founded on demonstruhle factB, 
thejr are found to make u regular pro- 
Rrejj toward) perfection. Sorgeiy tlB» 
done so from its beginning, when iit 
professors were Bar her- Surgeons, and 
the Aputhecaiies mere druggists, to the 
present day. Hdster, Poii, H.tnicr, 
Aberneihy, and Lawrence, liaie in 
surerMion improved iis practice, and 
the art has iteadlly arrived at a great 
degree of perfection. But Medicine 
has from a much longer period been a 
waverinft und uncertain science, and 
its succcBive Dociori, to far from pro- 
duciiiK a ateady advance of ils princi- 
plea, have exhibited, in ilirir entllesi 

practices, the fulleit possible proof of 
111 [u-ecarious ami enipyncal character. 
To strip it, ihcfeforc, of the solid bj»e 
and tiippiKt of Surgery and Aiiaiomv. 
is like IHkiii|{ the UillaH out of a lol- 
teriiijE baik, in a sqtiully day, and set- 
ting It afloat, witliout a rudder, on ihe 
uncenain billows of the ocean. It is 
Dulorious thai, for ages, what one Phy- 
tician has recommcniled another has 
cnndrmnrd: one firbid, aniinat foii.l. 
aiiotlier rteumnietids a bieaV^twv ^l 


Parke the Mumian.'^Anecdote of Garrick. 

[Jan. I 

roast beef; a third prohibits wine and 
beer $ a fourth warmth ; one says eat 
little and often; another more justly 
prescribes regular meals twice, or at 
most three times a-day ; one ^ives ca- 
lomel for almost every complaint ; an- 
other almost condemns its use alto- 
J tether; even fire and fresh air have 
ound their enemies among our Pro- 
fessors ; and the most opposite sorts of 
druffs have repeatedly been prescribed 
in the same disorders, and with an ap- 
parent similarity of result; while in 
reality, as I have often discovered, a 
change in the state of the air has been 
the effective agent in the recovery of 
the patient. All this contradictory 
practice will be found to vary inversely 
as Physic shall be founded on rational 
views of Physiology and on a sound 
practical knowledge of science. 

I should therefore suggest the forma- 
tion of Medical Colleges, bearing the 
title — Collegium Facultatis Mk- 
DiciNiB. In these there should be 
lectures given in Anatomy, Physiolo^', 
Surgery, Chemistry, Botany, compris- 
ing the medicinal properties of species ; 
Pharmacy, Meteorology, embracing 
the Influence of Air on iJisorders, Pes- 
tilence, and Epidemia; Theory and 
Practice of Medicine, Forensic Medi- 
cine ; and, if required, on the particular 
branches, as Opthalmology, and so on. 
Such a College should be instituted in 
every large town where there is an 
hospital, to which the Students should 
have acceu, subject to certain regula- 
tions. T. FORSTER. 

Mr. U RBAN, Richmond, Jan^ 7* 

THE Obituary of the late Mr. Parke 
(vol. zciz. ii. p. 568) does not 
contain any mention of his critical 
judgment in Pictures ; yet he was re- 
garded as a most correct detector of a 
spurious painting. The manner of the 
distinguished old masters he had rigidly 
ftudi«3, and readily could decide upon 
the genuiness of a picture, even in in- 
stances where masters sometimes differ 
from themselves. Numerous are the 
compositions of merit which Mr. Parke 
was the instrument of adding to the 
collections in England. 

1 notice in the Obituary the follow- 
ing passage: 

<< About the tame period (1770), Garrick 
engaged hitn at Drury-Lane Theatre, on the 

most liberal ternu ; and be and Garrick ever 
afterwards lived on tlie moat intimate and 
friendlj footing." 

Perhaps this is too strongly ex- 
pressed : but a cordial intercourse may 
DC said to have Ions subsisted ; and Mr. 
Parke, beyond airdoubt, merited by 
his attachment the regard of Mr. Gar- 
rick. One little incident may deserve 
mention : Mr. Garrick, upon his eo- 
terinp; at the suge-door, on a particular 
evening, when he was to appear in the 
character of Ranger, nassea Mr. Pbrke, 
who stood in one of the inner passages, 
without at first noticing him. Upon 
Mr. Garrick turning suddenly round, 
Mr. Parke, bowing, addressed him, 
saying, *' That it had been his object 
«4o obtain a passage to the pit, across 
the stage, that Mrs. Paike mi^ht avoid 
the pressure of the multitude in all the 
approaches to the pit." " That I fear 
(replied Mr. Garrick) cannot, in fair- 
ness to the public, be jjermitted. But 
take my arm, Mrs. Parke, and let 
Strickland follow,*' alluding to Mr. 
Parke and the character which gives 
the title to the comedy ; and, proceed- 
ing towards his private box, he called 
to the keeper to place Mrs. Paike, and 
any company she might wish to join 
her, in the box ; add ins, " when Liord 
Rivers comes, let his Lordship be ac- 
commodated, with my respectful re- 
gards, in the larf^e box, which will 
be more commodious to Mrs. Beck- 
fnrd and her fair friend from Turin.'* 
Mrs. Parke was, on other occasions, 
accommodated with the same indul- 
gence. She was at this time in the 
prime of life, and noted by Garrick as a 
striking likeness of,Marte Antoinette, 
the young Queen of France. 

It is possible that The Sutpiciout 
Husband may not have been the co- 
medy of the night in question, but it 
must have been a subject of converse 
at the time, as the allusion to Strick^ 
land, by Mr. Garrick, was related by 
Mr. Parke as a mark of the pleasantry 
and vivacity of the Kreat actor, who 
was prone to acts of kindness when- 
ever an opportunity offered. And the 
writer of this article heard him say, at 
his table at Hampton Court, '* that 
the success attendant on his establish- 
ment of ' The Theatrical Fund,' had 
added down to his pillow, almost be- 
yond any other act of his life." 

Yoors, &c. W. P. 

of Henri) ly. of France. 

r. Uma» 

1 HAVE ihc pic 
lo jou * ikctch of ihe hou»i^, in (he 
from tii which Henri Quatre was as- 
Mti>nii«<], and which 13 both cuciout 
in iueir, and imciesling niih regard lo 
ihc eT«n[ or ihe King's ileaih. I have 
ako sddrd a ih^hl accaonl of the par- 
licuUtt of ihe falal occortence, eutract- 
ed from L'Eloile and other writers of 
the period, which may tetve to illu*- 
Inte the drawing- 
It u i«ni;irkable that the day on 
which Henri ^uaire wa& murdered. 
h*d already been ptedicied as one 
which wai (ikelyio prove falal lo him; 
lh>» citcum&lance may, however, like 
nuny other prophcciri, have been the 
ouw of its nccanipliihmcnl, particu- 
larly u it wa» generally imagined 10 
hive been ihe result of a regularly or- 

Kiized and long arranged conspiracy, 
ere arc msny ihingi which tend to 
mppoil ihii belief, though lit hi» dying 
momenlt the murderer UnvailUc mmt 
Mrenuously denied having been inslJ. 

Sled by any one. Both L'Eioileand 
athicu take notice of the day being 
omtidered ati ominoui one, and other 
writers beiiilc make pariicijar meniioa 
of the King') rcitlcsgneu and uitniiineas 
on that ddv, and ihe night preceding. 
He teemed himteir lo have been ap- 
prehcniitc of some approaching cala- 
mily, and appeared like the Highland 
Seer, la feel ihat " comin;; evrnis casi 
their ihadows before." The Qoeen 
100, lik« Calpbiirnia in her enUcaty 10 
Cxiar, earnestly besought him' noi 10 
leave hii palace ; but, aa courageous as 
lh« Roman, he laughed lo sroin ihe 
itwughl of danger, and digm losing even 
hii mual reiinue of Guards, he tel oiil 
for the Arsenal, to viiii the Ouc de 
Sully, at ihii lime sick, accompanied 
caly by the tin noblemen wha-Were in 
cm*lant attendance upon hia person. 

"The carriage haiing reached the 
end of ihe Rue Si. Honor*, and on ihc 
point of eiiiering thai uf La Perronerie, 
which is there exceedingly nairoiv, 
and Mill mote confined by the iho|>} 
which arc buill up againd ihe wall of 
ihe Cemetiire dei Innocen!, was im- 
ntded by encounieritig on the tight 
hand aide a cartlailen with wine, and 
otl the left a waiil of bay, and was 
Ibeftfore obliged to ilnp at the corner 
of Ihc ilre«l, onposUe the office of ■ 
DDtaty named Fouirain. The footmen 
in nar of the curriige went into the 

OlRT'Mto. JmruiTji, la/iu. 


cemetery, in order to pass eatier ilOni^ 
and rejoin it ai ihc end of the street, 
leaving only two of their number be- 
hind, one of whom went forward 16 
clear the way, and the other look ihit 
opportunity of lying up his garter, 
Ravaillac, who had followed the car- 
riafje nil the way from the Loarre, 
seeing thai it was slopped, and ihat 
no one remained near to gnard it, ad- 
vanced on the side where he had ob- 
served that Ihe King was siitina, hit 
cloak hanging On his left shoulders to 
conceal the knife which he held In 
his hand. He glided belv>'een the 
shngn and the carriage, as did all those 
who wished 10 pais it, and ilepplng 
with one fool on a spoke of one of the 
wheels, and supporting himself with 
the other on a boundary sione, he 
drew his knife, which was double- 
edged, and tiruek a blow at the King, 
which penetrated his side 3 little above 
Ihe heart, between the third and fourth 
ribs, at the moment when the Pilnce 
had turnedlowards tbeUucd'Epernon^ 
reading a letter; or according to niheni, 
ai he was leaning towards ihe Ma- 
retchal de Lavardin, lo whom he wai 
whispering somethingin hii ear. Feel- 
inz himMlf slabbed, Henry cried out 
* 1 am wounded,' and at the aame In- 
itanl the aisa^sin perceiving ihat the 
point of the knife had been turned by 
ihe bone of a rib, redoubled his blow 
with such qnickne!) that none of ihoM 
who were in the carriage had lime to 
prevent, or even m perceive it. Henry 
in raising his arm, gave additional 
force 10 the trcond blow, which pierced 
him to the heart, according to Pere- 
fixe and rUtoile, and according to 
RcgnlnuK and ihe Mercure Francais, 
near the auricle of the heart, in the 
' veinecave," which was cnl. A quanliiy 
of blood rushed from the mouth and 
from ' the wound of the unfortunate 
Pilnce, and he expired uttering only I 
deep sigh ; Or, as Mathieu snyt, ex- 
clairfiin;^ in a fuinl voice lhe!e few 
words, ' /( 1/ nolhing,' The murderef 
attempted a third olow, btii it wji 
caught on Ihe sleeve of the Due 

See VEloih, Perefixr, Malhint. 
Regniault, and Ihe Memoiri of tki 
Due rfe Sulti/. 

Yours, 8ic. DvDLsr Costbllo. 

Mr. UnBAN. Jon. 6. 

t manifold lorrowi and evili 

IF I he man 
which wt 


Mr, UphamU Kepl^ to Mr. Gadfrqf BRggint. 

forth the sympathy of the feeliDghearty 
how much deeper should be the senti- 
mciit» when the slake is for such higher 
interests as the will of God and a 
future life preseoL Whoever veotureSf 
either from a perverted will, or an un« 
happy course of thought, to put forth 
senumcnts interfering with all that 
caa sustain the soul in affliction, and 
carry it triumphantly over death, must 
excite the pity, and call forth the earnest 
counteractmg effort, of every lover of 
his felloiv man. 

Grave as these thoughts appear, they 
are called forth by a recent publication, 
which, even in ihis age or the march 
of intellect, has taken a stride beyond 
all the monsters of Swift's prolific ima- 
gination ; " The Apologv lor Moham- 
med the Illustrious I by Mr. Higgins,'* 
cannot fail to excite wonder in all who 
have ever read the Ottoman Annals, 
or who know their own Scriptures. 
To those who have read either, tne pre- 
sent publication may be safely com- 
roitiea without danger; but human in* 
tellect is now so advancing, that no 
one will blame a short succinct glance 
at some of the most extraordinary and 
self-confuted assertions with which 
the whole work abounds. Far from 
meaning any offence to Mr. Higgins, 
no one esteems him more sincerely 
than myself, as far as the amenities of 
life may be safely carried ; for, as con* 
cerns man to man, I believe be desires 
sincerely to do them service. Put him 
in charge of the roads, to take care of 
the affairs of an hospital, he will spend 
hours and days to set matters right, 
regardless of all personal trouble ; and 
if Mr. Higgins would let the world 
know no more of him than in these 
and similar actions, he would deserve 
and receive the gratitude of hundreds. 

Indignant as every true lover of the 
Christian faith must feel at so unne- 
cessary an attack as that levelled by 
Mr. Higgins, I scarcely think I should 
have ta^n up my pen, had he not 
chosen to inscribe his objectionable 
work to the Royal Aaiatic Society, 
every member of which, I doubt not» 
will consider, as well as myself, that 
Mr. Hifigins has taken a most unusual 
and unjustifiable liberty by so doing. 
I for one beg leave to disclaim any 
kind of approval or participation with 
a single statement in the pamphlet : — 
in fact, I know it to be full of errors, 
and that if the parts are substracted 
which are not reasonings, hot Mr. 


Higgina*9 gloates upon the piaeticet of 
Christians aiKi Mussulmeo, matters of 
no relevancy as argument, the facts oo 
which ht groundshis assertions can be 
eaaily proved to be mistakes and mis* 
concepUbns; in fact every statement, 
which the pages of Mr. Higgins's ex* 
traordibary pamphlet contains, may be 
readily confuted. 

Throughout the whole extent of the 
observations upon the life, missioiit 
and actions of Muhammed, contained 
in the lengthy passa^ from p. 1 to 
p. 4S, not one tangible point ia ad- 
duced which serves to prove a single 
fact. All is upon anpposiutious grounds, 
and all deals in generalities, which 
make nothing either for or against the 
Impostor. He was gifted with a grace* 
fal person ; he was faithful to Cadijah 
his first wife, for the twenty-two years 
of their union ; he was a&ble and 
kind to hia followers and friends. 
Granted that all these things are true, 
it is equally true, that giving the 
full sway to his unbridled lust the 
same person afterwards penned expresf 
chapters for the Koran, to frame an 
excuse for indulging his own boundless 
sensuality, allowing to himself an unli- 
mited number of women, and declaring 
that it was a propensity which he 
could not controul ; he further pre* 
vailed upon his freedman and adopted 
son Zaid, to repudiate his wife the 
beautiful Zuuat, whom Muhammed 
then took to his bed, a step considered 
incestuous, and which gave offence to 
many of bis followers. 

Having ascertained the extent of his 
influence over the mind of his fol- 
lowers, what shall we say to the hu* 
manity which made the aword the in* 
strument of conversion, and which 
spread the flames of war and blood- 
shed over the whole East ; rendering 
it imperative on bis followers to con* 
vert oy the sword every surrounding 
stale ; whereby Arabia, Persia, Syria, 
Egypt, Armenia, and in fact the whole 
E«st, became one scene of blood and 
devastation 1 To incite his deluded fol* 
lowers to these enterprises, he de- 
clares in the 3d chapter of the Koran, 
section viii. that " whoever falls in 
battle their sins are forgiven ; at the 
day of judgment their wounds shall be 
resplendent as vermilion, and odori- 
ferous as musk ; the loss of his limbs 
shall be replaced by the winga of 
angels and of cherubim !'' 

Finding Arabia peopled with uu- 


Lift and Opiniiiiu of Matuimmed. ^^^^ 

mcraM uih«iof Jew* whoOed ihithn 
(br rrrii)c« Trom ihe diwjfilered pfo- 
tinon of Kht Roman and Fenian mo- 
narchici, i\Iuhamm«d lain!^ rnitea- 
Touinl u> malic ihem exehiiniie their 
Cmoh {tit hii Kuran, aad {rnding his 
cSnrn in«iTrclual, he letually cotiii- 
nufd ■ merciles* perteculion nf ihe 
K-hole racr, onlil he had extlrpaled 
ibcm from Anbia. Thtt ctuci ind 
remigeful conduct was properl; ro- 
wirdcd by a wiribuiive r«uh«liun, 
Tainu, ■ Jewe», being ihe Jasim- 
mmt of his laflcrin^ and dmh, by 
(he Mlniniitr^ition of poison, in tc- 
vtnf!e for her mordered rel.iiivn. 

Such an b few only of ihe leDding 
triiti of Miihommed'i life; and how 
any person, having before him [he con' 
■eiiuenc*! sf his doctrine and inslitu- 
tioos, Mn poMibly aet hinwelf down 
to |Kn an >polouy for hii character, 
tn'3ht well exciie aitaniihrneat, if we 
haj not daily cximplei of ibe perver- 
lisn nf the human understanding, 
and in morbid and diseaied propen- 


aalyie ihe Koran, i 

inled with 
its (RKb. fAo/ \tl tutlimeit tieui art 
itrintdfrvm Mr language of our Serip- 
(vmt ihai Lttdoctcinei ace a compound 
of JiWaisin and ChrisiUnily ; of *elec- 
tiani frooi Talrnndic Legendi, Apn- 
ciyphal GoipeU, and fragment] of 
Otienut (radiiioo and doctrinei, No- 
ihtoj; can be lO ip^retil «« this fact, 
if mt comnaie it with the Miibe&l-al- 
Miulilh, or Itadition* of the Pro- 
pliel'i (iririie life, Acliona, and laytngs, 
Ri|>plit(l from ihe rccollecliodi of 
Aynha aitd hii other wives; which 
nciaui and exiraordinnry worit it in 
r>ci made the haiis of lalamiBm; a% 
it is held in the ireateit rcsjitct by 
the whole diss nf Alusiulmans of the 
MCI of the Suoniies, that is, nearly the 
whole M nhammcdan world. Now by 
•eccfiing of ihete sayings and actions 
as the basis of iheir civil regulations, 
and not ai supposed from the Koran, 
ihey evidence the tupeiioriiy which 
(hey attach to Muhonimed's action) 
oiit hi* doctrine; and a more ican- 
d*)o«t, proRigaie diialay of habits can 
acaroc^f be prruted than tn this extra- 
ordinary compilatton. 

Prapsrly M appreciate the opinion* 
ttf Mabomrl, which arise fTom thne 
mdiiiooa bctng followed as maiteri of 
Ciisfe. IK mual liaee ihent in their 
dteaMatbsg progress orrr the whole 

Eait, oret the Ta*t plNim of Tit- 
tary. Chins, and elmosi the whole 
of the known world j and when we 
rcRect upon the van and pimulotn re- 
gionswhich Iheit baneful influence hit 
reduced to deseris, wc may derive the 
most striking evidence of the misery 
caused bv this artful and unprincipled 
man. ^uliammed nerer pretended to 
work miracle) for eoneersion, although 
he evidently laid claim to them u 
nicunt, — w I mess his night journey, and 
the sitcndnncr of the angel Gabriel. 
When, however, hewasreauired by hi* 
enemies to &how a |>roof of his mlssioit 
by working n miracle, he, knowing 
hii own iinp"iency over the powers of 
nalure, artfully eluded ihe (juestion, hy 
saying, that a* the miiacle* of Jesus 
had not worked conversion, lo he was 

evidence from his own inouih of the 
divine mission of our Saviour, and of 
(he imposture practlaed by himself 

Nothing can be more contrary to 
fact, than the assertion so boldly made 
by Mr. Hicgins at page gg. that each 
Musiulman for his own person is in- 
vested with the character of a prietl, 
and that ihe Miihammedan religion is 
desliiuie of priesthood I lilamim hat 
ill prieilhood. 

The Sultnn is pontiff', legislator, 
and judge, as succeswr lo the Caliphg; 
he 11 iiyled the Siiltandin or the 
proleclor of the faith ; the Padishah- 
islam or the Emperor of Islamism ; 
and TiUullah ot the Shadow of Uod. 
There arc also three cluiei of minla- 
(ersof religion, the Iniacem* or priests, 
the Shieks oi ordinary preachers, the 
Katibt or readers, or deacons. Each 
individual Mussulman has no further 
privilege than that of penonsi prayer, 
which mmt alivays be oll'crc<l towards 
the Caaba, a privile^ which, to the 
■hanie of most Christians, they are far 
mon observant of, than the tatter are 
towards the injunciioiu and exhoria- 
tiuni of the purest and subliineit pre- 
cepts ever given lu man. 

As for the parallel which Mr. HIg- 
gins has ventured la draw between 
the descriptions of ihe book of Revela- 
tions, which are spiritual, and luch an 
God only could disclose, and the sen- 
sual vicious colouring of the Koran, it 
only lerrrs tn establish ihe testimony 
of his loial warn of seniiinc informa- 
tion on the subject ; the detcripliona of 
Muhammed bcin^ boitowcd cn\.\ie\<) 
from roimer oriental t\«u'A^ «a& %c- 


On Turkish Liberdlity. 


tions. Whoever will take the pains of 
casting his eyes over the doctrine and 
tenets of Budhism, published bj Ac- 
kermann, from their own writings, 
will be ablc'to trace every single linea- 
ment of Muhammed*s rewards, of his 
houses, and his paradise. 

As for the broad assertion, that 
"like the Gospel of Jesus, the Koran 
is the poor man's friend,'* all that can 
be said on the subject is, that, if it be 
true that every man in authority, 
throughout the whole compass of the 
Muhammedan faith, toully disbe- 
lieves and acu contrary to its pre- 
cepts,) for it is upon record, in the de- 
tails of every traveller, that there is 
scarcely a Mussulman town wherein 
the wretched inhabitants are suffered 
to taste the common fruits of their la- 
bour,) it is certainly, among the most 
singular of facts how any reflective 
mind can put forward sucn sweeping 
assertions upon facts which the expe- 
rience of all ages contradicts. Ask the 
victims of Ibraham, of Muhammed 
Vasha, of Dgirrar, and all the tyran- 
nical despots of Asia, in what district 
the observance of these mild injunc- 
tions are to be found I 

Of the same character is the asser- 
tion in page 44, which states the su- 
.pcrior morality of most Muhammedan 
nations over that of Christian ones. 
Now were any one cit^ in England to 
practise the habits which are common 
to the whole Muhammedan world for 
one month only» they would be ol>- 
liged to fly their country, or suffer a 
just and merited death by its violated 

Again, in page 58, Mr. Higgins 
states that the enlightened Achbar 
sent an embassy in 1595 to the King 
of Portugal, to request that mission- 
aries mi^ht be sent to instruct him in 
the Christian religion, in order that, 
after he had fully inquired, he might 
choose the religion which appeared to 
him to be the true one ; they were 
sent, and after comparing their reason- 
ings, Achbar chose the Muhamme- 
dan faith. Therefore, Mr. Higgins 
reasons, " it is very evident that the 
followers of the prophet obtained as 
decided a victory by tneir pens, as they 
had previously done by their arms. 
Prideaux cannot conceal his vexation.'* 
Along pragraph follows, in Mr. Hig- 

S'ns's hasty and I had almost said un- 
ir mode of reasoning, wherein a 

sneer and a sarcasm a^inst the learn- 
ed and exemplary Pndeaux is unne- 
cessarily introduced, and superadded to 
an assertion; after which Mr. Hig* 
gins proceeds, ''This whole story it 
very remarkable. When, among Chris- 
tians, shall we meet with an example 
of liberality equal to this of the Mo- 
sul?" &c. Now all this would per- 
naps have told for Mr. Higgins, as far 
as the example of Achbar wenr» if 
Achbar had remained a Mussulman ; 
but Achbar, if he became a Mussul- 
man, did not remain one ; he aposta- 
tized again, and actually became so im- 
bued with portions of the same learn- 
ing Mr. Higgins is pursuing, that, 
admiring the I'antheism of the Bra- 
minical incarnations, in preference to 
Muhammed's Koran, he finished by 
declaring himse(fa god I And if Mr. 
Higgins will travel to Agra, he will 
be able to read the monstrous preten- 
sions inscribed at the present hour on 
the beautiful mausoleum which in- 
closes his remains. As to the compa^ 
rison between the conduct of Chris- 
tians in war with that of the Turks in 
the conquest of Greece, and especially 
of Constantinople; in what Mr. Hig- 
gins calls leaving them in possession of 
their lands, &c. &c. a more lamentable 
historical mistake never was made by 
any writer ; for it is expressly on re- 
cord, that " Muhammed made his 
public entry about the eighth hour, 
that is, about two in the afternoon of 
the 30th of May, 1453, to the shouts 
and acclamations of his soldiery, hut 
not a single Greek .remained in Con* 
stantinopU I" The city was repeopled 
by violence, vast maltiludes being 
dragged forcibly from Asia, and com- 
pelled to settle therein ; and lon^ af- 
terwards, when the Greek patriarch 
was installed, the fugitive Greek popu- 
lation returned. Mr. Higgins makes 
the constant mistake of reckoning, as 
a proof of Ottoman lenity, what in 
fact is his pride i he lives amonghis 
Christian subjects now, as the jTaiw 
tars did under Zingis Khan and Ti- 
mour, namely, as among an inferior 
race, whom he looks down upon with 
contempt, and who breathe solely by 
his permission, for which the slave 
pays a yearly tax : but if the Turk his 
master has the caprice or cruelty to 
murder any individual of this abject 
race, Greek or European, unless the 
judge were bribed by money, he would 


Dttah of BuTckhardt. — Qltnman Marderi. 


M klMgciSer unpuiiLihed ; a esic per- 
trtllf ooioHoui lo tttty one who bas 

The ncxl r»« broughi forwani by 
Mr. Hig^iiii niighl well hate been 
tpMird, »i"il concern] ihe denlh-bed of 
1 mod amiable nnd intereiiing man, a 
BHd who has done mote foi teal leitn- 
iog in hit extraordinary inmligatiiins 
Id Atabijt and the Eait, than any olhrr 
iDdiiiduil thai can be named ; 1 ulJude 
lalhc honourable and ill-fated Biitck- 
hardt. Yel in page 105, Mr. Higgini, 
in punnii of hii preaeni luGul>T3iioni, 
haitatM aol to pubDih the ttaiemeni, 
ihd b< dird a Mutiulman, and vnlun- 
Ulilydairtd to be buriedasooe. Now 
ihe eriiileinan to whom Mr. Hingins 
altudn. I knew fully ai well, if not 
btiicr, ihan himwir; and 1 am perfect- 
ly cootiiiced, thill whaletcr he might 
lell Mr. H. he would beliere. Bui 
1(1 the readet pctuie the account of 
fiurckhardi'i death ia Mr. Madden'a 
inlcreiling nlrralirc, and then Ul him 
judge of (he fact. It can. however, 
be Moted la be unlrue; Burckhardt 
dini in heaii a Chriilian, but Id sl)- 
peatance a Muiiuiman, and tcqocsl- 
cd Mr. Sail and hia kind phfticiun 
Ihtn prcient, who received his bfl 
bmlh, lo permit the obtlrepcrous 
Turki lo bury hioi iheir own way, tn- 
tber ihin, by llie real fact) being di- 
lolgcd, ihat the aafely of his friends 
around might be thereby compromised. 
Had lie indeed ended his days a de- 
■crirr from the rank* of Chrifiianiiy, 
knowing that he wat now gone lo hii 
fiiul account, ii mutt haie been cun- 
tidered a mere mark of good feeling lo 
hoie forborne ihe enposute; for Mr. 
Higjins's aim gains nothing by lla ad- 
m»>ioni but ihe fact is n>it lo, and 
■he phyaician who wat with him is 
Don in London lo itcrify it. 

Having, as I Rrmly IrutI, thown 
the very serious mitlaiemenis of Mr. 
Higgins, and proved what Muham- 
medanbin ii not, I will devote a mere 
half tide of paper now lo mack down 
teiat it it ; and I shall herein solely 
lake, from the leieai ' ■ ■ ■ 

logether for ihe A\ 
(Oman Empire, theai 
Sutuns of the Oiioman race, on l 
aecnaion lo the throne, leaving 
wai shed at other 

Hanki:ar, a man-alayer) claim for 
themielvei, by regulur descent from 
ihe profihei Muhammcd, the right of 
killing hfieen persons daily without 
any sin, as by impira/ion • 

Bajalet I. began his reign with ihe 
murder of his brother; his son Musa 
dejiroyedSolyinan; and he perished by 
order of Muhammed I. Muhammetl 
II. began his reign by strangling his 
infant brolher of eight months in hit 
cradle; his son Bajazct drove hit 
brother Tisimcs into exile, and bribed 
ihe infamous Alexander Btigia lo have 
him poisoned ; Hajazei died himself 
hv Ihe sauie fate, by order of his own 
■on Selim, who murdered his btothert 
Achmet and Kecheed, and live of hit 
nephews. The most dislinguished of 
all the Ottoman race, Solyman ihe 
MagtiiRcenl, ascended hit throne un- 
Blained by fralri ' ' > ■ ■ 

liable sr 


:iutalh 111. put his hve broiheri 
death in his pretence, and compelled 
their moiben to he present: one of 
whim, becoming frantic at the tight, 
ilruck herself lo the heart with a po- 
niard. Mubainmed III. destroyed* 
nineteen brothers ; and not content 
with such blood, he droivned in the 
Bosphoru) every Odalith, or female 
slave, only suspecled of pregnancy. 
Achmel I. was again an honourable 

* Since peuoiog this puuge I htve »c- 

ridentally mtc with tha foureh talume uf iha 
Hiitorjr of the CttDCDin Enjpirs, by ibg 
^ruD Von Hammei, illudiog lo tljii tgry 
■ct, Thi> d<:l«br.t«t UrienuJIit urrtMi, 
.1iU Qut Dfonehusdced tuci two cliililiea, 
lighten hid 

ir fuher 

s fornu 


which 1 p 
oali of the ( 

fuiii-ud.lveDty huura uf tliii idio- 
heir oirn lut nut wiit, «,rformed. 
Ismmir furthnr oIikivci, llioC tntii- 
lu out ddIj d«aaiad bj thi Oitoiata 

al il leai priscriled li/ the eaiam of 
iA juriipmdrna, u s duty vxicled by 
immoa weUtre ; ud I preiuine Mr. 


:hit unlvi this HD)(Qii»c]r policy prevallt. 
Even lliB black tcibei uf buraiug Afrio |>re- 


tiile it ihai of MiMvJiaiDi 



Om ikM RemmHil of Bmial'groundg, 


ememptioD ; but MutUpha his son fmt 
hit brother Osman to death, and saf- 
fered the same fate from Amm^th; 
Othnian III. revived, however, the 
illustrious example of his race, b^ mur«> 
derins two brothers,and attempting the 
life of a third ; and the amiable and 
enlightened Selim, in our own days, 
we have seen assassinated by order 
of his brother Musiapha, who perished 
in his turn by order of the present Sul- 
tan Mahmoud. 

I have now gone through every Jact 
quoted by Mr. Higgins in sup|}ort 
of his extraordinary work. 1 shall not 
reply to the passages wherein Christi- 
anity is so improperly brought in, be- 
cause, as a lover of the Scriptures and 
a believer in them, I can admit no 
other feeling than that of profound pity 
for the mind which can thus think and 
argue. Free discussion, and entire li- 
berty of opinion are open to everyliberal 
inind ; but it has ever been esteemed a 
matk of good taste as well as of good 
policy, to abstain from such outrageous 
remarks as Mr. Higgins indulges in; 
for they must create a distaste and dis- 
like to himself and his works with every 
Christian mind. 

I now leave Mr. Higgins's remarks 

to the reader's own jodgiitent, merely 

' saying, that few events could give me 

a ainoerer pleasure than to see Mr. 

if he will only fairly read his Bible, he 
will find, what has long been testified 
by the most learned and distinguished 
scholars, that it contains more genuine 
and fatchfal history than all the books 
of antiquity pat together. 
Yours, Kc. Edw. Upuam. 

Mr. Urbav, Jan. 1. 

THE commencement of the de- 
siroetion of St. Dunsun's Church 
in Pleet-street has induced me to offer 
a few observatixms on the shameless 
and indecorous violation of the sepol- 
chres of the departed, which has been 
committed in the Metropolis durine 
the last few years, a subject on which 
the press has been most negligently 

A feeling of respect for the rest- 
ing places of th« dead has been in- 
herent in the human breast in all ages 
savage and civilized } it is a feeling so 
natural and univenal, that 1 fear not 
to appeal to it, even in a Iteart which 

has felt and suffered from the chiB- 
iog effects of modem liberalism. I 
should not fear to rely on the so- 
lemn and excellent service of our 
Church, which is used oo the cons^ 
cration of churches and burying^ 
grounds, did I not expect to meet the 
sneer of the infidel and the schismatic^ 
and be told that such obsolete rices did 
not suit the improved knowledge of 
the day, — that the march of iniell^ 

Snce and the developement of inteU 
;t had divested such ceremonies of 
their charm, and that I must direct aiw 
guments founded oosuch a source only 
to the bigotted and the besotted. Ai 
the readers, however, of the Gentle- 
man's Magazine are, for the most part, 
churchmen, 1 do not hesitate to make 
evenjlhis appeal, and with this view 1 
will introduce a portion of the prayer 
used b? his Grace the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, on the consecration of 
Trinity Cnurch, Surrey (my own pa- 
rish church) : 

** O eternal Ood, mighty in power, sad 
of majesty incompreheniible, whom the 
heaven of heavens cannot oontain, mnch 
leM the walls of temples made with hands, 
and who yet has been graciooslv pleased to 
promise thy especial presence m whatever 
place even two or three of thy faithful ser- 
vants shall assemble in thy name to offer 
their supplications and their praises to thee ; 
'Vouchsafe, O Lord, to be now present with 
us who are gathered here togetner to eonse' 
crate this place, with all humility and readi- 
ness of heart, to the honour of thy great 
pame, t^iorating U hene^vrth fiwn aU srs- 
hallowedf orduutry, and common ttset, dedi^ 
eating it entirely to thy service, for reading 
therein thy most holy word, for celebrating 
thy holy sacraments, for offerina to ihy glo- 
rious majesty the sacrifice of prayer and 
thanksgiving, for blessing thy people in thy 
name,' &c. ficc. 

If a member of the Establishment, 
or perchance of the Church of Rome', 
(a Church, with all her errors, still 
apostolic on the main points of reli- 
gion,) should read this prayer, I will 
not anticipate what his feelings must 
be when he hears in what way such 
places are separated from unhallowed, 
ordinary, and common uses, and dedi- 
cated entirely to the service of the Al- 
mighty. Appealing to such a person, I 
could say that such a prayer as that I 
have quoted either is an idle form, 
amounting almost to profanity, or it 
creates an imperative duty to pos- 
terity to preserve the building to con- 
secraled to tiie uses to which it is de- 
signed to be set apart. 

Oh the Remoeal of Burial-gToundi. 

.laot Bif lokeniion to bo beyond 
Sir fcfltt back, 0( lo iravcTfor accu- 
mioui oat uf tile vrt^t of ihe Mclio- 
join, oc I woolU call your rcixlcn' 
ilteoiiim lo ihe buildiiiK a pllr at 
wirchuuuion the tile of Si. Bniolph*! 
Churtli, Billineigile, inrl the Jcilruc- 
unii of ■ churchyard in York, lo make 
mapnioach to an auembly looml* It 
ii lurocicnt for my pmenl purpose, lo 
nntiee (he naiiy which \o iriii ace and 
in ihii MeirojiOli) have Tallen Infoic 
iKc defnOD of Iinprnvriiieni. 

1 Hill in Hie &nt place merely 
|laitee at Ihe lacrilefiiout deil ruction 
nf Sl Kaiharine's Church by ihe 
Tower, on which aubject you have 
ilready recorded my WDiimenu (xcv. 
pn ii. 3gl ; Kcvi. i. p. 105). . I refer 
■I the pretciit lime to ihia Chuich, at 
twiiig the Ant and prominenl among 
<heiariau« acta of Mcrilege which have 
pten riie lo ihii leller. 

St. Kaitiarine't Chnich was Ueitroy- 
d for the sake of iai prove men I, and 
DOW St.Duniian** It called to chare 
the Mine riie;Il projccis forsoolh on 
the ittTCt; il II an unsigliily object lo 
the eye, ai it brraki the uiiirnrmiiy or 
the line of houies. and thcierore tnuit 
bebaili rutthcr back. Parionhe con- 
itciaiTd groutK), with Ihe bonts of the 
<lrarf aceumuUied durirtg many ccntu- 
riei, inul be laid intolhesllcctjandall 
this it ilnnc lo please the eye, lo gMlify 
oar modern nolioni of i(ii|)roveinent, 
lo which the tcmplM of the Delijr, the 
tetlige* of former agei, all that ii la- 
(recl, all tint ii holy, all that it ad- 
mired, muit give way. If any aclshorl 
nf loci nia nil lug the Liiurgy of the 
Chatch, could disgrace the ngc, il is 
this Dtief coiitetnjit of contecraleil 
(luno. I proceed, howcTcr, with the 
blatk catalogue which 1 have lo fill up, 
lamprii'iiig inc other acM of (]r*ecralion 
itieitdam OD etervjob, miscalled itn- 
ptoicioenl, which has lately laketi 
pbc« in ihe meiriipolit. 

Fint, then, for London bridge: — 
« barjing-ffound beloiiifina lo St. 
UagoDs'a parish ha« hern disluibcil 
nd d«i>e away with on one side of 


The new Fnrringdon cnarkel hai re- 
moved a burying-ground in Stioe-lane. 

The new Post Office has displaced 
the siLe of the church of Si. Leonard 
Foster, over which the road for the inailt 
now pastes. 

For the purpme of making new 
loadsat the sides of St. Martin's In-the- 
Ficldi, the burying- ground bat been 
most unnecessarily disturbed, and will 
l,e converted inio a highway. 

When the Corpnraiion of Londnn 
determined on building new Couils of 
law, a chapel and burying- place ati.ich- 
ed lo Guildhall was tutady deslioyeil. 

Fur the purpose of making a road 
from Broad-street into MoorRelds, an 
old burying- ground was disturbed, and 
the bones were acallercd about in ihc 
moit indecent manner. 

Theie are the Inslaneei of which I 
complain, and surely this list is rnousli 
to raise the indignaliun of all who 
have any vcneraiioo for sacred ihings, 
or any feeling of respect for the se- 
pulchres of their departed kindred and 
countrymen. Every improvement {to 
called) kai tffecltaan act of deiecra- 
liait, and if ail the jobs ccmieui plated 
in and about the eiiy are canlcd into 
execution, ihe catalogue will be in- 
creased to a fearful extent. That the 
hierarchy should have looked quietly 
on, during Ihc constant rtpeiition of 
tucb events, is a matter of painful 
surprise to the sincere churchmai]. 
The rxtcot to which the destruction 
has been carried might not he foreaeen; 
if it had 1 cannot but believe that its 
progreii would hare been arrested. 

Another eril of the tame naiurc is 
so apparent in the Metropolis 


liccd; i 

the bo ry^ing- grounds have 
been added to the high ways and paved; 
Dser these places the pastrn^r walks, 
little Ihinkmg ihal under his feet lies 
many a recently interred corpse. I 
have seen the common street paiement 
removed, a grave dug, acorpse Interred, 
and the pavement laid down without 
a single trace to mark the inhumation. 
For (he information of ihoie h 

■lid nn the other a portion nf lei* acquainted with the Mel 

St. iH»rj Overy'f cliutch (the 
efiafvl}, which covers the rcmai 
the eieellcnl Bitbop Andreivt, 
many olhtf rr(peciable and d 
gunbrd individuaU, it intended 

than myself, I could panicularlyni 
the church-yaid of Si. Mair Ab- 
chutcb, ihe sue of Si. Margaret irloset, 
and a piece of the pavement at th« 
weitend of Sl Andrew Undershafi. 
Having poinied out the instance* 
" a'-IW'fciM it (Motikd ia A<Wt Hitiaiy which save rite lo ihii complaint, and 
d Villi tliiw. BO* psWisliing, rnl. 1. Mo, which 1 har« duiii: as (tit %uVytcc\i oo 
f.*n. eutwi lo tuc, and not ivi »Mtc\ i;\h*« 

1« ^ordmoiei in Churchei.^Hexham Abbey Church. [Jan. 

Dological order, allow me to call your 
readen' attention to the chief object 
of the communication, viz. lo prevent, 
if possible, the repetition of the evil in 
future cases, which, if it in the least 
tends to effect, will afford the writer 
greater satisfaction than the Usk of 
recording past evils, which can never 
be remedied, but which are still useful 
as beacons to guard against a recurrence 
of similar circumstances. 

A portion of the church and bury- 
ing-ground of St. Anne, Aldersgate, 
is threatened, and that for the purpose 
of making an unnecessary road to the 
new Post Office, merely for show and 
effect, to display a building which had 
far better have been hidden. 

The approaches to London bridge, and 
the new streets conse(|uent thereon, will, 
if made, interfere with more than one 
church. St. Michael's, Crooked-iane, 
is in danger, and the burying-ground 
of St. Olaves, Southwark, is not likely 
to escape. Join me, Mr. Urban, there- 
fore, and add your protest against any 
future destruction, and let me hope that 
it will not be unheard in that Quarter 
where the appeal can be attended to. 

I intended to have closed my letter 
here, but almost while writing it, an- 
other^ and more common desecration 
of existing churches has occurred to 
my observation ; this is occasioned by 
the annual election of Common Coun- 
cil men for the wards of the city of 
Ix>ndon, a species of assembly which 
is perfectly secular, and at which much 
ill blood is usuallv shewn. These 
meetiiigsare Renerafly held in churches; 
why, 1 would ask, is this allowed ? 
has the Lord Bishop of London no 
power to prevent the abuse, or, know- 
ing it, does he sanction it. In one 
parish and one ward the evil has been 
prevented, but apparently more out of 
regard to the damage the pews sus- 
tained than to any respect for the vio- 
lated sanctity of the building. If a 
rule is made, why is it not a general 
rule ? is the church of St. Bride or St. 
Andrew more holy than St. Botolph 
or any other? If such a role is made 
for one parish and one ward, why is it 
not extended to the entire city. The 
evil is likely in future to increase ra- 
ther than to diminish, inasmuch as 
many Halls (the Salters*, for instance), 
in which such meetings have been for- 
merly held, having been rebuilt or rc- 
paircMJ, have been refused to the elec- 
tors. A building dedicated to the pur- 
*— — of feasting a/jj excess is deemed 

too good to hold such assemblies in, yet 
the church is allowed to be profaned 
by the admission of an assembly which 
the halls of revelry have rejected. 
Yours, &c. ^ E. I. C. 

Mr. Urbah, '^'T ^"^'» ^^' 

N ham, Jan. 4. 

O building has suffered more from 
beinff "cfiurchwardenized," than 
the fine old Church of Hexham ; and it 
IS allowed that no building in the king- 
dom presents so fine a specimen of the 
latter Norman style.* The good taste 
and liberality with which the present 
impropriator is restoring the great 
eastern window, induces me, through 
the medium of your valuable publica- 
tion, to suggest an improvement, and, 
as far as possible, to restore thost parU 
to their pristine state which have been 
altered, or added, by the bad taste or 
Ignorance of those who had the direc- 
tion. I allude more particularly to 
the altar: this is formed by wooden 
panels, in the centre of which are two 
incongruous pillars of the Composite 
order ; on each side of these, the De^ 
calogue is painted, and between, a fan- 
ciful wreath of flowers, which ill ac 
cords wiih the solemnity of ihe place, 
and the whole with the grandeur of 
the building. 

Behind this screen, and supporting 
the base of the great window, are some 
fine Pointed arches ; and I beg to sug- 
gest to those who have the direction, 
to remove the wood work, and leave 
the arches to form the altar,— it would 
then be in harmony with the original 
building, and they would elicit the ' 
thanks of every antiquary. 

It was stated by a writer in the 
Quarterlv Review, that it was to be 
regretted there were no funds set aside 
by Government, for the restoration of 
our national edifices, when there was 
no church property for that purpose, 
or the parish was too much oppressed 
by poor rates to do it ; and he particu- 
larized Hexham. To expect the Go- 
vernment to do it, under the depressed 
state of the country, would be too 
much, and to expect it from indivi- 
duals whose taste or pursuits are at va- 
riance, is equally so; but, if the time 

^?"l* T^r ^^^ *"**"» <^a" ^^ accom- 
plished, I hope this venerable pile will 
noibc^ forgotten. The late lecturer. 

• See a view of Hexham Church, lo vol. 
L3LXVII. p. 10.97 ; and an accuont of it, in 
vol. XXV. p. 297. 

• • • 

• •• 

. « • • • 

• • • • 

• • 

•i • • • < 




p.] Ilfxham Churrh.—Botnan Villa 

^'Rev. Robert Clarke, did much lo the k 
Ihi* building, and, had he iigi been rery i 
"cut off in (he midst or his day*," time f 
tnoeh more would hav« been done, — 
fiii inclioalion and hi* mrans were in 
uDJion, and nut niily the church, but 
the poor, loit io him a friend bikI be- 
nt ficior. 

The church lufferrd much in the 
13lb ceotary, from the incutsioits of 
Ibe !»coti, when the west wine or 
tine wai destroyed -, but it hai sui&red lervalion, >No. 
more bythe barbarism of the Inhabit- 
>Dt*; T^e north transept was mnde 
the entrance; a door has been placed 
in it, in humble imitation of ihe Do- 
ric! Galleries are placed wiihout uni- 
(Wmity, between the pillari of ihc 
choir; the capilnli of the pillars, and 
the fine old oaken ilalli, oie cut to suit 
ihe con»etiien« nf those who erected 
ihem ; bnililingi have been lurrepti- 
tioDafy placed againtt the church, so 
u LO ntde il from public view, and the 
only entrance from the market place 
}) through a pasrsge wliich would 
diigr«ee a i-onirnon maouracioryt 
About ihc year 1 737, a bond was 
raised by a " btie f," to build two abul- 

le neighbourhood, oT which ■ 
perfect account appeared sorhi 
nine lyft in the public papers. 

This fine villa exirndi above 300 
feel in length, lis form is an ohlnng 
l()uare, surrounded by buildings, oflicef^ 
balhi, &c. the principal apatliiientl 
facing the vvcsl, and liaving an exica> 

Five adjoining rooms are decorated 
with mosaic tlbon, in very good 

I 4, ■ ; 


*i and 

'hat aubject 

, ,0 on 

like any 

at has beeu 


our panicula 
ostail Ihe n 

111 ain 

osaie piTenientl 


discovered jr 



find figures 


to The 



ud folia 


west;'conld not the' same be adnpted 
at prtWnl, lu restore what the parish 
il unable lo do J* We venerate the 
eharacicr of ihwe who added to our 
national buildings in the middle ages, 
— it the pieteni t^nerslion, who have 
the ability, indrfierenl lothe praises of 
pmieriiy? 1 am fcaKul, Mr. Urban, 
1 trespass on your vt 
much might be satd t 

of Bacchua and Medusa ar« 

it fteqiieni, ai In the fine paT»> 

menia at Bramdean, in Hants, and H 

Thruxlnn. at the latter of which it 

an inscription." But In the pavement 
at Piiney we ha\e a Biiiish tluty, 
alluding lo the mines, smehing, and 

1 1 is generally supposed (hat the Ro- 
mans, afier the con<|ues( of BrilalD, 
were very diligent in exploring lh% 

luiueralt of our island ; and, although 

nieiliale nei^^hbourhood of Pitney, yet 
iheyarE found in greai abundance in 
the adjoining hills of M( "' 

,i.ible pages, o 

In Ihc 

nail r< 

, Nn. 1. we tee 

Mr rianiv Slamhead, 

Mr. UitflAV, ^^^ iQ ,3jg 

SOME lime aeo (see Gent. Mag, for 
Aug. 18S7,y I commonicnled to 
you an acconni of a Roman mosaic 
pamtienl at Liiileton. lieir Somerion, 
CO. SoiuerSFl, discovered by Mr. Hssell, 
on hit own grounds, of which you en- 
graved ihe ground-plan ; and T now 
Nnd jou an account of^nolher villa, 
more worthy of notice, at Piiney, in 

* From (be dangerous lUte of the cut 
•sd <t iht quire, il hu beea ukso down, 
and ■ Gaa vindciw nls«d tahlij Mrs. Besu- 
B«l. the Isdy of the maaor vt Mexh.m. 
J> M ifMi ibe dtilga of ihe lite wladuw, 
*Uth *u nol aldar ihsn tlie RcfuTmUian : 
Irtil II* iirna«i(Dl* corrai|>UDii more with the 
Mjla of tb* orijiotl buildinj. 

Ot»T. MiO. Jkvsary, isao. 

a young man striking with fury at the 
hydra (vJwf), as we all knOw that 
walcr is the greatest enemy lo miues. 

No. 2, contains an elegant arabesque 

No. 3, is the grand apartment, and 
I may safely pronounce il unique, for 
it coniaint Within a square nine ivhole- 
lengih figfires (in compartments), of 
about four leei in heighiii 

I imagine that the central figure is 
ihe Owner of the vrllai holding a cup 
of coin in his hanil to \ay his drpend- 
ants. The figures are inaleand female 
sllemaie, holding in their hands the 
difiercnt inslrunicnls still in use fot 
amelling ore^ such as rakes 
pincers, anil long iron tads, crooked 
and straight ; alio c. 
ing pnls, from which coin ia dropping. 

Adjoining lo lllls apartment i 

• See to!, icm, Vi. 5. ISO. 


Rke md Progreu of Sfag^-Coaeh Tra9€HiHg. 


other. No. 4, of smaller proportion •, 
and difieriog in design thoogn not in 
subject ; for the four square comparts 
ments (one of which has been de- 
ttrojed), represent winged boys dancing 
and carrying along the canisters of 
coin, suspended on crooked iron rods, 
rake, pincers, kc 

There is another small apartment 
adjoining No. 4, which has only a 
simple mosaic pavement. The tcssella 
of ihoso Mvements are composed of 
white, buff, blue liaa stone, and brick. 

The village of Pitney adjoins that 
of Littleton, near Somerton, where 
numerous remains of the Roman sera 
have been found, and is situated at a 
short distance from the Roman road 
kadinc from Iscalis (Ilchester) to Street 
and Glastonbury; and the whole of 
these imjiortant discoveries, and their 
preservation, are due to the zeal of 
Samuel Haaell, Eaq. of Littleton, by 
whoae means I have had very correct 
drawings made of all these fine mosaic 
pavements. R. C. H. 

Slaffordhhire Moorlandi^ 
Mr. Urban, December 28. 

IN Vol. zx. of the « Archseologia " 
there is an interesting paper by 
J. H. Mark land, Eso. on the early use of 
carriagea in EngUno, which traces the 
vehicular mode of conveyance, very 
clearly and circumstantially, from its 
origin. One branch of the inquiry, 
however, as it did not form part of his 
object to examine into it minutely, 
he has touched upon but slightly : viz, 
the rise and progress of those public 
conveyances commonly called Stage- 
coaches: and the following materials 
may, therefore, not be without their 
use towards a further illustration of 
the ftobject. 

Stage-coaches (in the present sense 
of the term) seem to have been first 
used about the middle of the seven- 
teenth century i for the earliest men- 
tion of them adduced by Mr. Mark- 
land (and I ttave met with none of 
remoter date) occurs in an extract from 
<• Duffdale's Diary,*' communicated by 
Mr. Hum per, in which he' mentions 
his travelling to London by the Co- 
ventry coach, in I669, and his daughter 
by tWe Coventry waggon, in 166O. At 
this period indeed, and long after, the 
use of coaches was confined to people 
of the higher class, those of a meaner 
aort beijBg content to travel more slowly 
hj Ibe cancans or stage- waggons, spo- 

ken of by Stowe at a common mode 
of conveyance ctrca 1560, and which 
carried twenty or thirty persons. In 
the fragment of Dr. Johnson's Auto- 
Biography, published by Wright, of 
Lichfiekl, he tells us, that " when 
uken to London by his mother, in 
1711, to be touched for the evil, they 
travelled thither by the coach; but, 
from contiderations of economy, re- 
turned home in a waggon." This 
cumbrous vehicle, the appearance of 
which has been perpetuated by Ho- 
nrth (in his " Harlot's Progreas." 
Plate !.)» continued to be generally 
resorted to, till towards the close of 
the last century, by the lower orders 
of country people who visited London ; 
but I believe the stage-coaches, by their 
number and cheapness, have now aU 
most completely superseded iL 

How long after their introduction 
coaches remained without the luxury 
of springs, does not exactly appear; 
but that this addition was somewhat 
of a novelty in 1703, may be inferred 
from a passage in Baker's Comedy, 
culled « Tunbridge Walks,*' published 
in that year, wherein Maiden^ an ef- 
feminate fellow, observes, ** Some 
people are fond of a horse : I wonder 
what pleasure there is in jumbling 
one's bones to a jelW ^ But 1 love a 
fprtng-chariot 1 " In fact, a journey of 
fifty miles, over the roads of those days, 
in a carriage without springs, must 
have been no slight undertaking. Mr. 
Markland cites a letter from Edward 
Parker to his father, dated Nov. l66d, 
descriptive of his progress to London 
by the " coatch,*' in which he says: — 
*• ¥• company y* came up w*^ roee 
were persons of greate quality, as 
Knights and Ladyes ; but my journey 
was noe ways pleasant, being forced to 
ride in the boote all the vtvft, «v* 
hath so indisposed mee, y' I am re- 
solved never to ride up againe in y* 

The ** boote" here mentioned, which 
must not be confounded with the ap- 
pendage so called at present, was a 
projection on either side of the vehicle, 
in which a passenger sat on a stool, 
with his face to the window, if, in- 
deed, windows were known in oar 
enrlv coaches. It is depicted in one 
of tne plates accompanying Mr. Mark- 
land's Essay, and something of the 
kind seems to be still retainra in the 
state-coaches used by the Speaker of 
the House of Commons and the Lord 

Rite and Progress of Slage-Coach TtavtU'mg. jg 

MafM oT Lowlaa. Thi» incommo- MarkJand ; iiul viriooi ndilitionat par- 

ima vitoilictn, for which a looer I'urc ijculara will be found in some txltaets 

wu DTobtbtf i«quir#d, gave phce to from Lord Clarendon'i Corrn|>nnd- 

lbeelURi«vf'4iir', which manj rradcti ence (Grni. Mag. vol. xcvci. i. p. 

will recolleci, and which those who 3^). Itefcrring to his Lordshiji'i Ld- 

i<o not, mav see ratihfultv icpreicnicd Lers, I 6nd one dated from Nev 

n OCX of Middii 
Balh, I7B3,"« 

Pre* iooalf lo ihe consnlidaiion of the 
TJtious paitUJ Acu Tot ihcir repair, 
which had btcn pancd at inl«rv«lt 
ftoin the time of Charles II. ibe slate 
of ihe r«»di pnenled an inaiinerable 
olMtMte M the twifl progreH Dr»ligei, 
ihr«e w foor milei an hour being ei- 
Ifrmed tctt irtjicclablc Iravtllirg, and 
a Joafncy t>f mghi a thing umhaugbl 
of. The rise and praircn of our hifjh- 
wajv dbtineui«hed jroni ihe Roman 
rotds, would be a fubject of invciliga- 
linn cutioas and almost unloucheil. 
The iitcgubi and ill-jiidsed caarie of 
lb« greater jrarl ofihem, climbing hilii 
ahich inignt have hecn avrniied, aiui 
niiKling over maraoes when aolid 

^nod Blight have been choien, ine- . _ . 

liMiblf »uKge«ts the concluiion, that ofihc cnrrcspot 
ihtit first Iftrmntlon *»» entirely forlu- ihil the road- 
tiOM, antJ the campletlnn |iradual. As 

fraoi one farm'houie La another, and 
from one tilUEe to the Deighbnurinz 
hamlrt : mutual convenimce impelkJ 
ihote who traverKd them to combine 
in imprDvinfE their means of cninmu- 
uication, and thus \iy degren arose our 
public roads. The most frequented of .. 

e were lone kept in repair simply coonty, »liould toy, 

by rates, levied from . 

upon lltc nfincipal landholderg nf the for thi 
■Kighbouiliood i but the inBdc(|uacy of merou! 
ihit syuem, to insure a unifnnn and 
thoroagll repair of the highways, need 
HM b« pointed out. The vilest croM- 
■nt day aflord, I sua- 
idea of the Male in 

in Shropshire, 2J Dee, 1685, detailing 
his progreu to Holyhead, in which he 
aayi; — " We are now taking coach for 
Whitchurch, where we are to lodge 
nl night. It is but fifteen mile* fmm 
hence ; bat the other fitnrleen from 
thence to Cheater are en bad ivay, that 
all neople tell me it will be a sufficient 
days journey for to-morrow." In a 
ludsetinenl letter, dated on Nrw-Year'a 
Uuy, l(i8l. he sjyi;~" The coach 
carried us to Bangor, where ne ferried 
over into Anglesey, and llien put my 

Kt of the coniiiry." Liltte did his 
rdihip anticipate the wonders of the 
Menai Hridge. nnd the achievements 
of the Holyhead Road Commissioners ! 

t, we may gather 

_ Staffordshire and 

(which he n\\et " Iwo 

noble coontiei") were (hen in a better 

condition than in most other pans of 

the kingdom. And Dr. Plot, writing 

about the same time, asserts ibnt thoie 

of the former were ■' universally good, 

except in the moat northerly psrtj of 

the Moore lands I so that 'tis reported 

ig James, speaking iocularlj of the 

a r>t only k 

b« poi 


vhict) those 
fered to cxis 


-nth c 


that mrtn *o late as 1760, when I.ord 
Bmwnlow Bertie was ■ candidate to 
re|Be*enl the county, he canvassed it 
ttMiraly on horseback, miny of the 
roads being quite Im passable by wheels. 
A Uvcly ooiion of the delays and 
daofim to which travellers in carriages 
••ere formttly exposed, mny be ga- 
i from the details given by Mr. 

ImnOB, ID " E'ery Mm ant nf hit 
nr," itjiM Failidiaui Briik •• ■good 
ny ID pwAinw thw Aw/ uf* eatch. " 

thonn, to niake highw 
rest of the kingdom ! " ha- 
additional proofs of the al- 
most impassable slate of moit roads, 
by vthiclei, a century or two ago, 
especially in the winter season, might 
readily be adduced, but ii is necdleBs 
to swell this article with more. The 
(ul^ect will be found suflicienlly and 
tnoit happily iliustraled In the ani- 
niated description of the Wroughead 
ramlly's expedition to the [netro|)oli>, 
given by John Moody, in Vanbrugh's 
" Journey to London.'' 

To return, however, to itoge-coaches, 
Ihe various ronvenienees of which seem 
10 have been soon appreciated, for their 
numbera rapidly Increased ; and, in ad- 
dition to ihe Coventry coach. 1669, 
Dugdalc (Diary) menilont, on the same 
line of road, ibat of Aylesbury, iGSSi 
St. Albania, 1«i3 ; Chester, IW? ; Bir- 
niingham, itiTQi and Bedfoid, lti»a-, 
though wliellier lie a^lmlw I* A\U\titv 


Rue and Progreu of Stage-Coach Travelling. 


vehiclety or merely to one which (Missed 
through the several towns, docs not 
clearly appear. The fullest list of the 
early stages occurs in Dclaune*s " Ac* 
count of London,'* 1671 (see vol. xcix. 
ii. p. 485), a comparison of which with 
one for 1 889, presents a strange con- 
trast. Under the head of Coventry he 
names but one, which was, apparently, 
two or three days on the road, and was 
perhaps that by which Dugdale tra* 
veiled. '* William Mitchcrs Coach- 
Wagon comes to the Bell-Savage on 
Ludgate Hill on Friday, goes out on 
Saturday.'* With the improvement of 
the roads, however, the coaches began 
to improve their speed, the progressive 
increase of which, and various other 
particulars, may be gathered from the 
subjoined advertisements. The first is 
from No. 400 of " The Spectator," 
orig. edit. 

« A Coach & Six Able Hortet will be at 
the One Bell in the Strand, tomorrow, being 
Tueaday, the 10th of this instant June, 
[17 is] 9 bound for Ezon, Plymouth, and 
Falmouth^ where all penont shall be kindly 

About this period, the dwellers on 
the North Road were surprised by the 
phenomenon of a vehicle which tra- 
versed the distance between London 
and Edinburgh in the brief space of a 
fortnight. The commencement of this 
surprising novelty was thus announced 
in the '* Newcastle Courant,*' October, 

<* Edinburgh, Berwick, Newcastle, Dur- 
ham, and London Stage-Coach, begins on 
Monday, the IS Oct. 1719. All that desire 
to pass from Edinbro* to London, or firom 
London to Edinbro*, or any place on that 
road, let tbem repair to Mr. John Baillie*S) 
at the Coach & Horses, at the Head of the 
Cannoneate, Edinbro', every other Saturday, 
or to the Black Swan, in Holbom, every 
other Monday, at both of which places they 
may be received in a Stage-Coacb, which 
performs the whole jooraej in thirteen days* 
without any stoppage, (if God permit) having 
eighty able horses to perform the whole 
itage. Each passenger paying £4. 10 for 
the whole journey, allowing each passenger 
SOlbs. weight, and all above to pay 6d. per 
pound. The Coach sets off at six in the 
mominc. Performed by 

** Henry Harrison, Robt. Garbs, 
" NiCH. Spiiohl, Rich. Croft." 

It has been noticed above that, in 
the reign of Charles IL, the York 
coach was fourteen days on its way to 
the metropolis, a statement perhaps 
loincwhat exaggerated, or applicable 

to the winter season only. But eren 
to recently as 1734, 1 find the wriler 
of a work, entitled *' A Journey from 
London to Scarborough,*' including 
among the remarkable thinji^ he met 
with, a coach which performed the 
distance in four days, the progress of 
which he thus circumstantially de« 
scribes : 

« The York Coach eoes firom the Swarf 
Inn, Holbom, & from the Red Lion Inn, ior 
Gray*s>lnn Lane, Mondays, Wednesdays, & 
Fridays, in four jdays, at 40s. per Passengeftf 
The first stage, Biggleswade in Bedibrd* 
shire; the second, Stamford in Lincoln- 
shire ; the thifd, Barnby Moor in Yorkshire 
[Notts.]; & the last day you reach York." 

Thirty years later, a still further in* 
crease of speed had taken place on this 
road, as appears by a paragraph in the 
" Scots* Magazine," Jan. 1705, p. 54: 

" Flying Post-Coaches have lately been 
established to go between Newcastle and 
London. A coach sets out from either place 
every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, el 
four o'clock in the moming, and makes She 
journey in three days ; carries six inside pee- 
sengers, each paying &d, a mile, and allowed 
14lbs. of baggage ) and tlicy carry no outside 

The Shrewsbury coaches now reach 
London, a distance of I60 miles, in 
seventeen or eighteen hours ; but in 
the *« Shrewsbury Chronicle," for 1774, 
frequent advertisements occur of the 
only two coaches which then left the 
place, called <« The Old Machine,*' 
and " The New Machine," and which 
** performed the journey (God permit- 
ting) in two days and one night." 
Tiiey stopped for breakfast at VVolver* 
hampton; for dinner at Coventry; and 
passed the night at Dunchorch. " The 
New Machine" possessed the ad van- 
tage of *' steel springs." 

In Nov. 1826, died at Hounslow; 
a^t. seventy, Fagg, the great coach* 
owner, who was once the proprietor of 
the only Southampton coach, which 
then took two days to perform the 
journey, staying all night at Famham. 
The advance, however, which has 
taken place in coach travelling, is not 
attributable solely to driving at an in- 
creased speed, but in a great degree to the 
improved system of changing horses; 
and, above all, to the avoidance of un* 
necessary stoppages. As to the opera- 
tion of changing horses, it now occu- 
pies about a minute, the animals being 
kept in waiting for the arrival of the 
coach, and put to with surprising dis^ 


Silt and Prograa of Slage-Coach Travtiling. 

pich. Bui I well rEmembet, as muil 
■Miny of tnj readcn, when, in place of 
Ending the none* ready, lliey generally 
a me r ran ling from ilie inn-yard, one 
»lwr anolber, half-harneMea ; and if 
the jfinTDcj wai recoiumeneeil in ten 
M fifieen minutci. it wu deeiued ~ 

Of )i 

n tlie 

loppagei . 
roau, eKC«pi id lane up or set down 
MMin^n, we now know nolhing; 
bol (hit, too, isa tyslem of compariiiTe 
f>o*«llj: ihougli 1 cunnut say ihal, 
within mj recoUcciion, delays were 
eiti carried In ihe shnmclcu extent 
■lewfibcd in ihe fnllciwing extract from 
" The Universal Migatine'' for April, 
l7iG. p. 188 : 

'■ W> hw ihM (be muter CHclincn of 
>»iM MicblHi on till W..ttm Hasd *re 
ndn imMCBUoD afttTan! gcnllemCD wlia 
■•II Itwir puHDEin, for itoppiag lO often 
ntJ Bn lo»g OQ the road, to diipow of tuh, 
tie, tliich tluy cany from LondfiD^ iqiteitd 
of Blkiaf (hMExpeditinn they uoderlnoli to 
40i u llMgmt injury of tbeirpuifogeri." 

trrJTcd at RDOlhcr ; from crdwling at 
itir taail'a pace of three mi lei ao limir, 
our coaches proceed with brcak-nccli 
•rlocily i and we daily read of steam- 
carti3K«i, on mil-rDaiTs, impelled ai a 
rate which ii makes one giddy but in 
think of! The agency of iieam, bow- 
oer, is a bnnch of the Bubjeci upon 
■rhich 1 do Dol intend to enter, but 
ihsll clotc my 11 1 uit rati am with part 
of an adicttiKroent from " The Morn- 
ing Herald" nf Nov, 17, 1SZ5, which, 
I Hjppotc, records the ne plui ullra of 
ibe Doble mt of driving : 

" Tu )>a lold by auclkrti, Forty Machine 
HutM. of th.t fut Day Coach the Nor-ich 
Titma, th* ulnlrstimt of erny pcnon who 
tin Hi behind them, the geouim property 
ef, asd ilrino by, Mr. Jaha Tborogowl, 
■UKC April ISiO, who ha* hcd the ciiiei of 

Bdl*t a-day— The greuiiX feat of 

Upon the preceding subject, and upon 
Ihe •objecl of inicrnal iniercotirsr gene- 
rally, much additional information re- 
nuins to be gathered ; ■- -■ 

r of i< 

nity. but 1 

ciliated ttrikinftly 10 illasttate the priv 

Sss of society in civilisation and re- 
ttnrnl. 1 iiuvc seldom been more 
forcibly Impressed with the change (I 
know not whether to letnt it improve- 
ment) that has ukcn place in the fre- 
qwnej of cdmrannication btlwrtn in- 
i—t.:. — •. pf distanl parts, ihan J its* 


this morning while eiaminiiig some 
copies of the early Viaiiaijon Books, in 
which about Tiine-ienths of the mar* 
riages recorded are between parties re* 
sident in the same or in adjoining 
counties} while, in our own lime, 
marriages belwecn natives of Cumber- 
land and Cornwall, Shrnpihire and 
Suffolk, are thought as little remarka- 
ble as between those of VVestmrnslcr 
and Sonthwark- A treatise, embody- 
in;j alt ihe facts that can be collected 
upon the rise of roads and canals, with 
the various modes of conveying goods 
and passengers, fiooi the humble pack 
and saddle-horse* of our ancestors, 
down to the luxuiions chariot and 
economical ornnibui of modern days, 
would be a compilation of no small 
value. Mr.Markland'i Essay presents 
a solid foundation for such an under- 
taking, and a little industry would 
furnish the superstructure. 
_ The statistical tracts of Eliiabelh't 
lime abound with inreclirei against 
that effeminate novelty the caach, some 
ofwhichMr. Markland has mention- 
ed, while others remain to he noticed. 



kind of 10 

for a Toung gentltman i 
ting of his agF to creep ir 
ihroitd him>elf from ti 
Couches 8l Cirochei we I 
vhom ihey were fiiat isn 
■ decrepit age, *- 

nerly (layi Nash) thought ■ 
e,&tofiiuo ' " ■ 


i.e left unio them for 
imiented-— Air ladiei, 
I potent people." 
The Waler-Poci Taylor, also, whose 

:alu rally tendered bin 

any thing which he thought 
calculated to lessen its importance or 
decrease its profits, is extremely bitter 
against them. His remarks hare been 
too often quoted to possess much no- 
velty, but the description he gives of 
the sensation excited hy the Hrit ap- 
pearance of the new vehicle, is worth 


I, & the 

ght of o 

irni^ght out of 
be ono of tin 

canibt III adored 

of Joseph Brasbridge." t824, who 

" I recollect tba first brnad-oheditd 
waggon (hat wh uied in Oifnrdthire, and a 
woodtring crowd of ipeoutori it attracted. 
I believe at that UaM than «m nai k v°**^ 


24 liisccuracia In Sir H'aUir Scott'i " Pror'inciai dnlii/uUia." [Jab. 

which they belonged. l( my words 
convey any loch idea, lliey were inderd 
ill choMn. The opprenion ( intended 
wat thai or the mind. I meanl, by the 
lerin elder boys, all who weie above 
young Crowlhcr in af(C, and who, in 
a uhool of two hundfe<l, eoniiituird 
fur wnie ycjii a larpr body, And 1 
neter llioiiglii of jirererting a charge 
■gaiilit any individual youlh, mucn 
le» or impiicaiing ihe ^reat nalionat 
llMindalion of Wincheiler. 1 merely 
withed lo npreu, wlial my aulhociiies 
appeared fully lo warrant nie in doing, 
inat^oung Crowlher'« tender and sui- 
eiplible mind wai little able to bear 
up against lUe peiiy unliindneiies, tha 
minor Mlliei of lyranny and imperi- 
outneM, ihe uninnughc of tudeneu 
■nd iinpoiiiioni which force or caprice 
U>fticie(l, and which no diiciphne 
«(Mld DreienL. Your correipondent 
himielf ipeaki of the ptoieciion af- 
forded b* thetlder IrayiioihGyounger, 
and yrt he adniiu that one instance of 
oppletaion occurred in his own time, 
which end<d in the actual exnutiion 
of ihe oflendeii. How much then 
«ia/ hnvc gnne on of the tame kind, 
in ■ »ery inferior drsree, wiih respect 
la auch a boy as Crotvther, may be 
naifjr ima^jincd. I am periunded ihsC 
atiuajK aiKTiiurJy minds can form na 
idea of what a timid shrinking liul 
toffrn in the midil of the uiiavoidable 
CMiQicii and cuncusaion* of a public 
Bchmil, from want of nerve, from con- 
Mitmional irriuiinn of feeling, from 
being placed, in thorl, in a titnalioit 
icr which he is lolally unfit. SuQice 
ii In tay, thai Mr. Crowlher never 
shook ottin fiilure life ihe atsociaiioni 
of dread which pcnriraied hi* mind 
when a boy, and of which his jiecniiar 
cast of characier, like Cnwper'a, made 
him piiofully susceptible. 

lliil I pause I Indeed I hare accom- 
pllthed my objeci, if I have removed 
a mituniteiitaDcling which my hurried 
words may have occasioned in olhpr 
minds as well aa in that of your re- 
apecied correspondent. 

Yours, Kc. Dahibi. Wilson. 

count of Fulcaslle, once the 
or (he unrortunate Sir Robert Lttj^Bf 
of ResUliig. which was forfeited (be 
an alleged participation in *' ibe Cow- 
rie treason." In order to shew ihal 
that individual wu of a noiarioasly 
bad character, it is stated that ■ con- 
iraci beiween him and the celebrMed 
Napier, of Mcrchiston, exitta, whete 
■he laiier utidcriakei lodiscover eertun 
treasure supposed to be bid in Fasl- 
caitle. This document is said to be 
daied li>C)4 — Lo^o died l601 ! but ihii 
probably ii a mere lypographical etnr. 
Thecontnci, however, refers to '*Jofaa 
Loitan'i home, of Fastcasllel" It il 
adduced as a proof of the Robert La- 
the treasure of whi 
hair, that he should be safely guarded 
to Edinburgh. This appears a reason- 
able desire, coosidering the irooblrd 
slate of that country. Napier coald 
not have had so hard an opinion ol 
Logan's principles, supposing John to 
be the Uofaert to whooi the Baronet 
alludes, when he voluotaiily agrees 
10 place himself and treasure in his 
power; and, if nothing it found, agteet 
" to refer the saiiifjeiioo of his travel'' 
to his employer. These are immate- 
rial remarks; but if ihe historical mat- 
ters of this celebrated writer are occa- 
sionally so conrused and apparently 
etroneoui, we need the leu wooder at 
deviations fromtuici propriety in those 
amusing liciions where iiuih ii not 
intended lo be scrupulously adhered lo. 

'• Witclies and inells in i 
Which Uotcomleaintdu 

.ieitliiDRi thtn "'hihwM, 
.torn Heav'n dintcll 

with uegifcl. 

nothi-E ■■' 


Mr. Uri 

YOUR correiponde 
having [loinied out several inac- 
curacies in the novel* of Sit Walter 
ScotI, will you allow me to notice 
• |iari of hi* writings that does not 
amwar intelligible m^orrecL In "The 
Provincial Anltqi^^^^^kuturctqi; 
Socncry ofScoi' ' — 

iicumtiance to be re- 
proceeding V 

'pHE ne> 
-1, corded, 

hiilorical relations, is a curious doco- 
menl, being an account of eiipcoies 
debited to the town and kirk sessions 
of Cuiro**, in Scotland, for burying 
three Witches, who had been eon. 
demned towards the close of the 

ISaOi] ProgTeu o/mukcrafl. 

I«M. ToUf.JtaiaMMT.whto £. ,. fcwed lh» ihe devil, nboul len ve«n 

■IIl!^'" """ """ , JTcviously, appeared (o h' " 

tJ7 T» itlT'^'lVf"!','-'";!!," ' '*•*?* "' ' 'laiKisomc roan 

''Ll^^.:zt::^'::.l .cr? '",?-",•'■ -if -t" 

i^lin^ ' „ ,, should live gallanily, Bud ba*e ihe 

Itn. ror««b'(OTih,''wiMh«!!.!!.' 1 ^ P.'=a>"'e "^jhc world foMwclve year^ 

lira. In punWing ih* eaauuIitloD o a "'"ic would wuh lier blood ligii hi* 

ItCB. F»r Due la go to Txiiniruih for papf r. which vrnts to give her loui la 

ihc Ulrd ta >il upon ihcit aniie u him and obierve hii luw), and (hat he 

Ju^ 6 ""ghl >uck her blood. Thii, after 

Iwn. Fnrhttdn tobejumpilD tham a 10 four Boticiutioiia, ijlyle promlKil to 

l<n. Fot making of iLco 8 do ; upon which he piiciied ihe fourth 

Iwn. For ■ lu )aml 014 fitiRer of het right hand between ihe 

AnoUier Temaikable irantaclion of l^i^dle and uppet joint, wherclhcsiga 
thti kind i« ■ caie ol Eliiibeth Style, °f ihe time of the confession remained, 
"ha was tried and convicted for """^ "''h a drop or two of her blood 
wriHicnri and sorcery upon her own 'he lignetl the (upei. Upon ihli the 
mnrcniofi. The circumstance* which ^'"^ B"*' her tinpence, and rauithed 
were dtfiMtd 10 by a variety of wil- "'ih (he paper. That he hud &ince 
nam, Mnongit whom was ine rector appeared 10 her in the iihape ofa man ; 
of ihe paiiih, are shoiily as fnllotvi : I'll more usually he appeared in the 
A djughlrr of Riehsrti Hill, aged likeness of a dog, a cai, or a fly, in 
iliincen, wni ttken wiih sirsti^ fin, which laii he usually sucked her in 
which failed tmo or three hours or 'he poll about four o'clock in the 
norr. and that in iliese fits the child morning, and did so S7ib Jan. That 
deeUrcd that ihii Elixabelh Siyle »p- when she hod a desire lo do harm «he 
pe»td to her, and wai theasniewho called ihespirii by the name ofRobin, 
usrmtntcd her. While in llieic firs it *° whom, when be appeared, slie used 
was sMom by the wilneues, ibal, 'he words, " O Salan, give me my 
Ihooutt held in a chair by four ur five purpose.'' She then lold him what 
person* by the arms, legs, and ihoul- 'he would have done ; and lliat he 
tfrn, she would tiw out of her clialr should so appear to her was pari of 
■nd raise ber body above four or five 'icr contract with hioi. That the had 
rt«l h>gli, and that while in this tiale 'desired him 10 torment one Elizabeth 
<heTe appeared 10 be holes in lier flesh ^i'li and lo ihtust iliorns into het 
which the wilnestea considered 10 be ""h ; which he promised to do. The 
with ihAmi, far they saw thorns In "'^< ^"o" he appeared he told her he 
her Beih, and some they hooked out, had done it. She then goes on to re-. 
Amflag the witne**e« was one Richard count a variety of other extraordinary 
Viniinj, ^^" staled, that some lime adventures between herand ihreeoiher 
prerioosly his Isie wife Agues fell out p<^rsoos, who also had made a similar 
■•iih Elizabeth Style, and within two contract with the kina of 5endi<, and 
or ihtee day* (he was hiken with a 'hen acknowledges iTiat the reason 
grievous pricking in her leg, which why the caused Elizabeth Hill 10 he 
pain c«nlinued Tor a long time. Some 'he more tormenied was, because her 
lime after Slyle came lo his wife father had said she was a witch. And 
and ga« her two apples, which Style 'hoi some two years ago *lie gave two 
rtqucsicd hci 10 cat; which ihe did, apples lo A^ncs Vining, late wife of 
ind m a few hour* was laken ill and Richard Vining, and that she had one 
worse than evcrsheliad been before, of theapples from the devil, who then 
and continued to till Easier eve, and appeared to her, and told her that ihe 
ilirn died. apples would do Vining's wife's busj. 

Befnre hn dealh her leg rotted, and ""*■ 
DOC or het eyes swelled out. She de- This conresiion is eenified to hare 

dared 10 him then, and at several been taken in the presence of several 
tinm before, that she believed Hlita- Brave and orthodox divines, before 
brih Siyl« had bewitched her, and Robert Hum, magiiitalc, and was free 
Att she was the came of her death, and unforced, without any lonuring 
But llle confeilion of the Witch her- or walchin^, drawn from her by a 
»dl i* ■ document of a very cnnous gentle examinalion, meeting with the 
<nil estnofdinary kind. She cnn- coiivicllons of a guiliy conscience. 
Curt. Mil. Jataiary, 1«S0. 





Prograit of WUtkcrafi. 


One Nidiobt Laoibert alto sWore, 
ihM after Siyle had been committed 
be and two others watched her, i^ree- 
ably to the magitirate't request ; that 
he» Lambert, sitting near the fire about 
three o'clock in the morning, and 
reading in the Practice of Piety, there 
came from her head a glittering bright 
§Lj, about an inch In length, which 
pitched K( first in the chimney, and 
then vanished^ He looked stedfasily 
then on Styl^, perctited her counte« 
nance change, and to become very black 
and ghastly ; the fire at the same time 
changed its colour ; whereufion Lara* 
bert aud the two others considering 
that her familiar was then about her, 
looked to her poll, and seeing her hair 
shake very strangely, took it up, and 
then a great fly flew out from the place 
and pitched on the table-board, and then 
vanished away. Upon the witnesses 
looking again in Style's poll, they 
found II verr red, like raw beef. Upon 
being asked what it was went out of 
her poll ? she said it was a butterfly ; 
and asked ihem why they had not 
caught iL Lambert said they could 
not ; she replied, I Chink so too. A 
little while after the informant and 
others looked upon her poll, and found 
the place to be of its former colour. 
Lambert demanded again what the 
fly was? She confessed it was her 
familiar, and that she felt it tickle in 
her poll, and that was the usual time 
when her familiar came to her. 

Elizabeth Tor wood then swears, 
that she, toother with four other 
women who also gare evidence to the 
same effect, searched Style in the poll, 
and found a little rising which felt 
hard like a kernel of beef; whereupon 
they, suspecting it to be an ill mark, 
thrust a pin into it, and having drawn 
it out thrust it in again the second 
time, that the other women might see 
it also. Noiwithstanding which Style 
did neither at the first or second time 
make the least shew that she felt any 
thing; but after, when the constable 
told her he would thtust in a pin in 
the place, and made a shew as if he 
did, she said he pricked her, whereas 
no one then touched her. 

Style was tried and condemned, but 
died shortly before the time appointed 
for her execution. 

ShortJy afterwards, Alice Duke, one 
of Style*s knot, was tried for a Witch, 
and convicied upon the testimony of 
loany witnesses; and her own confes- 

sioti, which contains a liiiniite acooont 
of many extraordinary and devilish 
(ricks, which she, in conjunetioti with 
her conrederatcf and his Saunic M«- 
jest^r, performed; she confcases that her 
fjmiliar commonly sucked her fight 
breast about seven at dlght, in the 
shape of a Hide cat of a duooish cb- 
lour, and when she was sucked she 
was in a kind of trance. That she 
hurt Thomas Garrett's cows becauae 
he refused to write a petition fbr her. 
That she. hurt Thomas Conway, bv 
putting a dish into his hand, whicn 
dish the had from the devil. That sho 
hurt Dorothy, the wife of George 
Vining, by giving an iron stake to put 
into her steeling box. That being 
angry with Edith Watts for treading 
on her foot, she cursed her, and after- 
wards touched her, which had. done 
her much harm, for which she is very 
sorry. That bein^ provoked by Swan* 
ton's wife, she did liefure her death 
curie her, and believes she did thereby 
hurt her ; but denies tliat she did be- 
witch Mr. Swantoii*s cattle. And 
then she gives this suitable informa- 
tion, which may serve to put us on 
our guard against having any thing to 
do with this father of lies. That when 
the devil does any thing for her, she 
calls for him by the name of Robia. 
upon which he appears ; and when id 
the shape of a man, she can hear him 
speak, out his voice is very low. He 
promi^ her, when she had miKle her 
contract with him, that she 8ho^ld 
want nothing, but ever since she 
wanted all things. 

And Conway, his wife, and Watts, 
also corroborated her statements, by 
describing on oath the injuries whicn 
they had sustained from this acknow- 
ledged Witch. 

The intimation above, as to the 
devil being a hard master, reminds one 
of a passage in an old translation of 
Bodinus, from which it appears that 
in Livonia, yearly, about the end of 
December, a certain knave or devil 
warneth all the Witched in the country 
to come to a certain place. If thev 
fail, the devil comeih and whippeth 
them wiih an iron rod, so as the print 
of his lashes remains upon their bodies 
for ever. Which circumstance has 
thus been preserved by one of our early 

'* Till on tt day (thtt dmy is everie Prime) 
When Witches wont do pcakace for their 


Progreu of Uilchetuft. 


III the Stale Triali ihere it rrcaiJeil 
At ifiaI «f Richard Halhawa;. on 
Wb Much. 17U2, 
uxu ctuifgitifl 
vut malkiatMi .. . „ 
Uonliicli, mhaiot llie whole course nf 
bn life wu an lionrtl anil pioui H'i>- 
not * Wiicli, our uting 
inebanlnifnl, chsnii. or 
■uKctii, to Lring inio danger of Ituiug 
buliFc falKly, nialiciomly, deviliihly, 
uid Liiowingly, and d* a TdJM itntiMicr, 
dni pitutui ant) atFiim himseir, b; llie 
iiid Saisii to be Lcwilcliei] j and that 
he bf diavriDg blood Trom lh« Mtiii 
Sarah, by icralching, should be freed 
(ton (be laiU prciended wiuhcrafi. 
Tbai the laid R. H . ctiil ibcn and there, 
wiih font, 8cc. draw lUe blood a( her 
ibe uul Sarah. He wai Touaif auiti; 
of lt>i« ekarec, and I nierelj' refer to 
llw Irial far the jiurpo$e o( noiicitip a 
cutiou* piece uf evidence given hv a 
woman whu wai cxatnined on hi» lie- 
tuU. Urd CJiieT Juiiice Holt, " Do 

Cii think be wa» hewiicbcd I" Elita- 
ihWillpiigbby. ■' I believe he wai." 
" I Mippoae jou bate tonie iLill in 
wilehciari ; did you ever tee anj body 
that oai bcnitched before {" "My 
Loii). I ha»e been under the une cir- 
CQinMancei myself, when I wat a girl, 
in Sir Edwaril Bramtield'i lime." 
"Howdojou knowynu were bewiieh' 
tiV "There was a woman lalirn 
up opon HupicioD for iL'' " For be- 
wiiehiiig thee I" "Yes, my Lord."' 
"Did yoo acraieh ber!" '■ My Lord, 
I htd n« power lo do any thing, 1 flew 
Drti them all ; one held rue by one 
atui, another by the other, and aii- 
utbei behind, and 1 flew iheer over 
their head*." " Can you produce aiiv 
of ihctc women that uw you fly i ' 
" It «*■( when I WM a child ; they arc 
dead. I h*Te been well ever tince 1 
wa* married.*' 

In 1706 waft published, " A Irne 
and faithfal oceounl of ibe birih, edu 
catioD, Itvei, and conviciionauf Bleaiior 
Sbiw an.] Mary FUillipa (the two i>o- 
lotiogi witcbrj), thai were executed al 
Nnnhaiupiou, on iMiutd^y, March 
171I1, t;L'i, for bewitching a woman 
atui two (h'JdrcD 10 death, &c. con- 
Uioing the maniMr and occailop uf 
ibeir iiitnioK Wiicliei, the league they 
m«la with Uw Oevil, and iheitrangc 
ilMoartc they had with bimi at aim 
llic •auxing jmnk* sod lemaikabte 
■ra both before aod after their apprc- 
IxtitioH, and how Uicy bewitched le- 


verdI perMHiB lo dealh, bctidei abun- 
dance oTall aorli of Cattle, eeen to ihc 
rain of many (atniliesi with iheir full 
cnnfeuion lu ihe Miniiier, and laat 
dying specchei at the place of eiecii- 
lion, the like never before beaid of. 
London. 1705." 

In CUiiterbuck'9 Hiaiory of Hent, 
be says. " in this village (i.e. Walkeru), 
lived Jtinc Wenham, a poor woman, 
who wai aceuard in teveral iniiances 
of liaving pMCiised soicery and witch- 
craft upon the body of Ann Thorn, 
upon the oaiht of aevcral respeeuble 
inhabitants of this neigh bout hood, he- 
fore Sir Henry Chaoncey, of Yardly 
Bury, and by him commilted 10 Heru 
ford gaol. She was afterwards tried 
at ihe Aasiaeion ibe 4(h March, 1719, 
before Mr. Justice Powell, and being 
found guilty of the charges brought 
againil her, received aenie nee of d-aih. 
The Judge, however, mldc a favnurablc 
tepresentu lion of her case to the Queen, 
who wai graeiouiily pleased to grant 
her » ])ardon." 

1735. At Burlington, in Pensyl- 
vsoii, the owners of several cattle be- 
lieving them to be bewitched, caused 
■otne luipected men and women to be 
iaken tip, nnd irialt lo be made for 
deteciingihem. Above ihreehandred 
people auembled near the Governor's 
liouse, and a pair of scales being 
creeled, ihe su>|<eeied persons were 
each wei^ihett agaiusi a large Bible; 
but all of thcin easily outweighed JL 
The accused were then lied hand and 
feet together, and put iota a river, on 
the tiipposiiioil that if they swam ihcy 
01USI Iwguiliy. This trial they oflered 
to undergo, in case as many of the ac- 
cusers should be served in the hkc 
manner ; which being done, they all 
swam very buoyantly, to the no small 
diversion uf ihe iiKcialuri, and clearing 
of ihe accused. 

Id the Kronic Daily Journal, Jon. 
i5, 1731, there it an account of a 
child of one Wheeler being letied with 
tirange unaeeonntable liti ; the mo- 
ther port to a canning raan, who ad- 
risn her Lo haog u hoiile ol the child's 
waier, cluse slopped, over the fire, and 
ihal the Witch would tbereu|>on oimc 
and break it. The tuccest of ihii ad- 
vice is not mentioned ; but a poor old 
wuinan in the neinhbouilinMl was 
taken up, and Ihc ohi triul by water 
ordeal revived. They dragged her 
shiveriog with an ague out of her 
houte, set 1)tt Btltide on ihe^ontmtX q^ 


Progrea and Decline of WUehcrqfl. 


a taddle, and carried her about two 
mUet to a mill pond» stripped oflF her 
upper clothes,* tied her legs, and with 
a rope about her middle threw her in, 
two hundred spectators huzzaing and 
ahettioff in the riot. They affirm she 
swam like a cork, though forced several 
times under water. About an hour 
afier she was taken out of the water 
she expired. The coroner sat on her 

into the church for seeuritj, the mob 
missing them, broke the workhouse 
walls, pulled down the pales, and de- 
molished part of the house, and seis- 
ing the so?emor, threatened to drown 
him, and fire the town, having straw 
in their hands for that purpose. The 
poor witches were at length, for pub- 
lic safety, delivered op, stripped naked 
by the mob, their thumbs tied to their 

body, but could make no discovery of toes, then dragged two miles, and 
the ringleaders, although above forty thrown into a muddy stream. Af^er 
persons assisted in the fact, yet none much ducking and ill usage, the^ old 

of them could be persuaded to accuse 
his neighbour, so that the inquest were 
able to charge only three of them with 

woman was thrown quite naked on 
the bank almost choked with mod, 
and expired in a few minutes. The 
man also shortly afterwards expired. 

We must now notice the statute The coroner's inquest returned a ver- 
which was passed in the gth year of diet of wilful murder asarnst six of the 
the reign ot George the Second, c. 5. ringleaders, one of whom was after- 
whereby all previous statutes against wards tried, convicted, and hanged in 
witchcraft, &c. are repealed. And it chains. This affair seems to have ex- 
is thereby enacted, that all persons pre- cited much interest throughout the 
tending to exercise or use any kind of country at the time, 
witchcraft, sorcery, inchantment, or 22 June, 176O. At a General Qoar- 
conjuration, or undertake to tell for- ter Sessions for Leicester, two penons. 

tunes, or pretend from his or her skill 
or knowledge in any occult or crafty 
science to discover where, or in what 
manner, any goods or chattels supposed 
to have been lost or stolen may be 
found, shall, upon conviction, be im- 
prisoned for a year, and once in every 
quarter of a year in some market-place 
of the proper county upon the market 
day, stand openly on the pillory by the 
space of one hour, and also give secu- 
rity for good behaviour. 

The passing of this Act seems to have 
given general satisfaction to the com- 
munity, and at the time gave rise to 
several droll essays and poems upon 
the subject, which are to be founa in 
the Gentleman's Magazine and other 
periodicals of that day. But, although 
numbers rejoiced at the repeal of the 
obnoxious statutes which had so long 
continued on the sutute book, to the 
terror of antient females, there were 
others who contemplated the measure 
with some alarm, and anticipated 
strange work from the circumstance of 
the devil being thus fairly let loose. 

In April 1751, at Tring in Herts, a 
publican giving out that he was be- 
witched by one Osborne and his wife, 
harmless people above 70, had it cried 
at several marlcet towns that they were 
to be tried by ducking on April 92, 
which occasioned a vast concourse. 
The parish officers having removed 
the old couple from the workhouse 

concerned in ducking for witches all 
the poor old women in Glen and Bur- 
ton Overy, were sentenced to stand in 
the pillory twice, and to be in gaol one 

28 Nov. 1762. A number of people 
surrounded the house of John Pntchen 
of West Langdon in Kent, and under a 
notion of his wife having bewitched a 
boy 1 3 years old, dragged her out by vio- 
lence, and compelled her to go to the 
boy's father about a mile from her own» 
where they forced her into the room 
where the boy was, scratched her arms 
anfl face in a most cruel manner to 
draw blood, and they threatened to 
swim her, but some people of condi- 
tion interfering, the poor woman's life 
was happily preserved ; and the persons 
concerned in carrying on the impos- 
ture, particularly one Beard and Ladd*s 
wife, being carried before a Magistrate, 
and compelled to make satisfaction to 
the unhappy injured woman, the mob 
dispersed, and the country, that was 
every where in tumult, again quieted. 
The boy pretended to void needles and 
pins from his body, and his father and 
mother upheld the deceit, and collect- 
ed large sums of those whose compas- 
sion was excited. 

15 Nov. 1775. Nine old women 
were burned at Kaleck in Poland, 
charged with having bewitched and 
rendered unfruitful the lands belong- 
ing to a gentleman in the Palatinate. 

Midwife, MoJi-Midteife, Accoucheur. 

fixed, ihErefote, to one oThU philippio, 
;n graving representing a personage. 

ihAf, 1776. 

Shilton in Leicnletshire, being ; „ „ , 

limepmriouilf leixrd with an nncnm- hatr man and half 

DTin diMnder, her friends took ii into half grasping a lever, and the remaie 

■heir bead* thai she wai bewitched by presenting to view a pap-boat. 

( pool otii creature in the neiehboor- Tliii "strange compound "was early 

hood who could scarce crawl. To this objected to, and numeroua attempts 

miierable object the diseased, her bus- have been tnade to fix upon a word 

band, nut son (a solttier), went and leas oMeciionable than this barbarism. 

threalerml lo deitFoy her ifihe did nut Dr. Maubiaj, a man of infinite pc- 

in«miilT suflcT blood to be drawn rrnm dantry and lelf-conceil, coined n long 

her baJf, bless th« woman, and re- word from the Greek, to designate iHe 

more her disorder. Hesitating a little, man who ginet aid la/tmaUi in child- 

ibc sot) drew his sword, and )iointing birlh, and this whole sentence he very 

il to her bruM, swore he would plunce rdicilously, as he imagined, compriieo 

' obnhearl ifshedid not instatitly in the sesqoipedali; "" ' 


r-,, which being consented .. , 

iheyall rctarned home, seemintcly sn- 
titfitd ; but the part nnt being relieved, 
they raised a mob, seized the old wo- 
man, dragged her to a pond, cruelty 
plunfied her in lo the waist, and were 
punted in g to practise some of the an- 
tient expedients, when, forianaiely for 
her, she was rescued from their hands 
by ihe bamanity of ihe neighbouring 

{■To It n 


J ton's Dictionary, speaks thus of 
ih* won) Man-midwife : 

" Mi».MiDWiFE, n. I. A ilnnge com- 
ptitDd, ^aating the msn who diichsrf^ei 
th* Ofic* nf • Midiiife. It ii do* IVe- 
qantly cunTcrted iota ihe finicil Accnu- 
cbnr. Bialiop Hill mty be ennildered ■■ 
pTiB^ riM io laaii degree to the preunt 
tipriwiin ' 

Th« Msn WIS nnt iheir MiJiafe. 
a^ltail.a'a.oJII^MvT.Clirgy. p. lOo." 

The Sermon of Bishop Hall, here 
rcEmcd Io, was published in ICist). 
Thcearlieildaieai which I have found 
the word Man-midwife, is xmj. when 
il wu employed in the preface to 
" lh« Eiperl Midwife.'' [t is UEird as 
a Serb, (» nanmdicij'e, in '■ VVolve- 
riibc** Sprculiim Mairicis," |i 
The riiiseeiton of this ' 
cetDpoand '' has aflnrded i 
•itiiaetiinii to those writers whose de. 
lighi il hasbeeti lo vituper.iic and hold 
Dp 10 ileriiian the Phyiiciaiis and Sur- 
geon* who have engaged in this branch 
of iMifical practice. Your old Corre- 
Sf— lint. Philip Tliieknesse, was not 
nmlcnWrf s*Jlh words only, but strove, 
by plcuwl*) embellish men Is, to make 


drobnelhogi/nisl, which appellation he 
took to hiinscir, and bestowed upon 
hit obstetrical brethren*. 

Douglas, a Surgeon, who published 
in l73Rti ^yh it is absurd to call 
men, wives ; and not much less so, to 
OK the word Midwife, when the ofli- 
cialing person is either a widow or a 
maid ! He addi, " the French ex- 
press it very beautifully by the word 
AccoHcheuT, and I shall always enpres* 
it by the word Midnan, which though 
not so neat as the French, yel is much 
belter than the absurd wotd complain- 
ed of." The female praclitioneis 
Douglas denominate* '* Midwamm, 
which includes Maids, Wives, and Wi- 
dows.'' Subsequently, Douglas applied 
the word Accnticheur in a proposed 
dedication lo his bralher: "To that 

Accoucheur, Dr. James Douglas, 
Physician Eniraordinary to the Queen, 
&c.'' This is the first time that the 
word was so employed in England. 

Chapmanl defends the expression 
Manmidwife. Midwifery, heconlends, 

upon a wife, and therefore he asserls 
that Manmidwife, and Manmidwifeiy, 
ace word) not chargeable wilh incon- 

This explanation of the meaning of 
the word Midwifery, is not incon- 
sistent wilh the derivation of the word 
Ds suggested byTudd. Johnson sayj, 
■• Midwife is derived both by Skinner 
and Junius, from raid or meed, a re- 
ward, and pip, Saxon." Todd, in ad- 
dition says, " the interptclation of ihi* 

* Feowle Plijiiclsn. t7aD. 
t Stat* of Midwilarv in LoiulaD and 

I Reply to DuugWi SWitt. KccouM, 


Anecdotes of the Ittev, Thotnoi Hatch, 


etymology, which Verstegan alsogtves, 
is * a woman qf meed, deservinjg rc- 
com pence.' But thia seems « forced 
ipeaning, May not the word be more 
naturally derived from the Saxon pre- 
position med» wilk^ an<l F^F* ^if^\ ^^' 
plying the wife or woman, who is aU 
leudant upon, that is with the woman 
in childbirth ?*' But if this be the de- 
nvation, it would apply equally, whether 
the woman was attended by a niale or 
a female. 

Thomson, in his " Etymons of Eng- 
lish Words,'* gives another derivation. 
He considers the Gothic mid and 
Danish mt/, analogous to wit^ know- 
ledge* wisdom, 80 that Midwife, ac- 
Goroing to him, corresponds with the 
French sage femme, and the Scots 
cannie wife, 

1 have often wondered that our Lexi- 
cographers axid Pbilologers have not 
looked nearer home for the derivation 
of ihis word. The natural etymology 
loay, 1 thinks be found in the old 
£ng|ish word Modir, which i^ used 
both for the mother and the womb. 
Midwife then, b the contraction of 
Modirwi/e, and U applied to the wife, 
the good woman, whose dut^r it was to 
be ia attendance upon tbis important 
part of the female system. 

Of the " finical'* word Accoucheur^ 
I have already mentioned the first use 
in the English language. Astruc* ulls 
us that tne worn was invented soon 
jifter the year 1663; the first time I 
have noticed it, is l668t. The Dic- 
tionaire de Trevoux traces its etymo- 
logy to the Latin accuhare. The femi- 
nine Accoucheure has been formed 
from Accoucheur; but with an ab- 
surdity beyond measure ridiculous, the 
*' finical '^ English, who have substi- 
tuted Accoucheur for the incongruous 
compound Man-midwife, are now dig- 
nifying all the old Midwives with the 
splendid appellation o( female Accou- 


Instead of Man-midwife or Accou- 
cheur, to both of which words objec- 
tions have been largely made, some 
formatives from Obstetrix have been 
proposed; viz. Obstilor, Obsietricaior, 
and Obstetrician, This last, as being 
analogous to Geometrician, Mathenia- 
tician. Physician, &c. seems deserving 
of being adopted. Unquestionably, 
— ^^fc— ^^■•^■^■— ^— ■-"-~-^^^— ■^■^— ^■"■""^■~""^~ 

* Hlttory of the Art of Midwifery. 
t L'AcGoudieur Melbodique, |)tr D. 
Foumier. l8mo. 


Obstetric Surgeon, or Obstetric Physi- 
cian, might appropriately supersede the 
ill-assorted Physician— or- Surg/eon- Ac- 
<;oucheur, which appears to be the 
term at present much employed. 
Yours, &c. Obststiucus. 


Mr. Ur.baw, Jan, 10. 

N your Obituary of May, ld£8« vol. 

xcviii. page 474, you give tome 
account of the Rev. Thomas Hatch, 
late Vicar of Washington in Susses. 
As Mr. Hatch was my intimate friend 
during several years of my early life,l 
cannot but feel anxious to correct sone 
errors in that account, of no great im- 
portance I admit, except from the di*- 
like one feels to every degree of ervor 
in regard to a person one has known 
and esteemed, 

Mr. Hatch was the son of a Clergy- 
man, Rector, or Vicar, of one of the 
Burnbams in Norfolk, (au honour 
which he shared in common with the 
great Hero of Norfolk) and was, as is 
correctly stated, elected at an early m 
a Demi of Magdalen, and took the &• 
gree of A.M. in 176Q ; but nyuch of the 
subsequent account is certainly erro- 
neous. It was not that this prospect of 
succeeding to a fellowship was remote, 
that be was induced to solicit or accept 
a commission in the East India Com- 
pany's service; but from the severity 
of Or. Wheeler, then a very influen- 
tial member of the CoUeue, who was 
so dissatisfied with Mr. Hatch on ao> 
count of some early eccentrioitiet, that 
he prevailed with the society to icfoae 
him their ordinary testimonium. Be- 
ing thus driven from the profession for 
which he was intended, he was glad 
to go out as a Cadet to India. In the 
Company's service he remained long 
eriough not only to attain the rank of 
Lieutenant (he was never Captain), but 
to be entitled to the liberal provision 
which the Company allows, accordiiig 
to the rank of their retired officers. It 
happened that, just about the time of 
his return to England, there was a va- 
cancy of one of the fellowships of 
Magdalen, which could only be filled 
up by a native of Norfolk or Suffolk. 
There was tlien no Demi, no one at 
least of competent age or standing, 
from either of these counties. A mem- 
ber of the college, a sentleuian-coin- 
moner of the name of tJ rquhart (lately 
deceased)* and Mr. Hatch became can- 

' ■ ■ " T ' ■ ■ ■ ..II 11 

* See <Hir last vvlamt* pt* i. p. 67i« 


FM.i>drf of the Priory at Sandwich. 

liihtai but, whateier Uie daima of 
■he bfiuct au^it be Tiom bii Uicraij 
■luuiincnu, which were leiy coiisidet- 
*bU. the Imwc wm rlccud, m ii were 
byacclaMulion, ftcxn iheiltoog Tnling 
(•icruined ihit Mr. Haioh had bseu 
lOT turdly UKtl in the intiaiicc before 
lURUioncil. Ii Hni, I bdievE, about 
(hit Lnpc thsl he rrceitinl > Lirule- 
Iwnt't cammnfioii in Ihe l£:iit Norliilk 
irgiBcnt of Militii. Wh«i 1 cerioinlj 
know I*, that he wis >ciing in (his cu- 
peiijrin the toamh of Juiir, in tlie 
y«M 1780, and eoniiiio«d in ihe rcgi- 
mtm till the aiiriiiK of 1783, io than, 
lilt it w«i ditenibodinl, After ihi* 
he rctirad to ftligdalrn College as hit 
bowK, when be agniii dirccied his ai- 
MMioQ lothe prorcuion of which he 
(fierwania becimc an utcemnl itieui- 
bcT. It h niiher a curiuos faci. thai 
■Itc 6ni itrnon be ever |ire*che>l vtai 
io lalim, nt S[. Mir/s, ai part uf hi* 
^[linni. lor bi> Baetlctor of Diriuiiy'a 
degree. I rsmeinber calling upon him 
one <taf abcMt lhi» liuic, when hr; 
aointd hinnrlf Biul me. by ditjibying 
■be arioM tiilc*. [Thooias 
Licuinntal Uiich, Capnin tlatch, aad 
ihe tUi. Thowal Haich,] by which h* 
had bcm addrcurd an leiicrt ihai had 
■Ritnl for biDi during a ahnit abicoce. 
Ill (he ytat I7S4 he obtiiitied, ai is 
tlauri, (heiivingofWubinglou. Ihavr, 
indnad.ofK orhiilctlen now before me, 
eoiliaacd July 1784. in which he layi ( 
" 1 bate been into Suueic on a jileQiitig 

Thi* ma* the bring uf Waihinginn, 
ID letMcli he nai arierwardi preieuied, 
aod which he waa plestcil 10 call, 1 
itaii wnb no my unpardonable levily, 
Ftrt VVaabington. I lian mentioned 
hn r«rly ecceniriciiiei. They weie, 1 
briteie.of a rery haruilesi naiurei bul, 
anfoiiiiiiiiciy lur him. (otully abhor- 
noi fmn ilw mie of Dr. S^'hreler. 
I Imk beard him record many of hii 

, with liig friend Sir Whallry 
One 1 (•oieiiibi'r,— their 

tfn Bpon iouw! expedriioii, lo 
UU Archer and AimweM, 
«■* the (naiipr, ihe (Hher ihe man ; and 
1 tu/n licard Mi. Haich deietibe the 
biirron he Fell when lummonrd, in 
ibe pmcnce of the bnnly wiih whnni 
they looted, la ihave his onuier. He 
»M Nioked, hooRm, noi Io fail in 
afcedmne- And ahave him he did, 
wg w d l t at of hii friend's livitchea and 

ditiilqi one emn-mcly hut duy tviih 



Sii Wbalify a I Oxford, he observed ; 
"if we were now in Calnuia (ihli 

India,) we should be cuipped lo our 
shiru." The idea was in such |)errrcl 
Bccorditnce niib the feeling) of ihe 
party, iliai ihey injianily agieed, one 
and all, lo piolii hy the him, 

To his rt]uestrian feals I do not re- 
membei lo have heard him Dllude; 
bul, at I have never fell much sympa- 
thy with knightt of thtt irrdir, he 
iiiiuhl Tcry possibly think me mt- 
worihy of receiving such comuiuinca- 
tinni. In a lute publication, the Let- 
ters of Lord Chedworih, (see Gent. 
Mag. vol. xcvut.p. 139,} in IODIC lo 
ilie bixih Letter, Mr. Hatch is spoken 
of by (Jie editor, wIiom " cominnion 
he had been in aria and arms,'^ wilh 
iiiuch oflrclion. T. C. 

Mr. tjRBkK, Jan. ig. 

IN Mr. Iliited-* valuable History of 
Kentivol. i*. |i. 267), it is snid of 
Sandwich, " ihui Henry 
the year 1372, 
founded a priory in that lowii, of the 
order »f fnan called Carmelites, and 
s^rwardTi, from Ihe habitsu hich ihty 
wore, While Friars; bot Iris enduw- 
irenl of it was so small, that il seemerii 
EtynolU, or more probably IVHIkni 
Lord Cllntou, wllo "as a much larger 
benefoclor, in ihe SOih year of king 
Edward I. was alieiivarda reputed sole 
founder of iu He lies buried in the 
wall of ill* winh side of Si. Mary's 
church, in Sjndwich, which it now 

walled up." 

My jiiquirie* into monaEiic concerna 
have related almost CKcliisivdy lo man- 
ners and customs. Rut ihc diHlculty 
hL-re it, that there tvas no Williair 
Lord Clinton in ihe time of j;dai. I 
(only of Hen. IV. 10 Edw. IV. a dis- 
Uineeof nearly two cenlUriet), and oo 
other recORnition of the name of llay- 
nald de VhnloH. Hefrrenees hai e been 
iiiude (o ihe relatives and friends of ihe 
hue Mr. H.iMed, for Ihe authority re- 
frired 10. The answer has been (nc- 
cnnipatiied wilh the mrisl genttemanty 
cniiitety), that Mr. Haned wat iii' 
debietlfor his information coneefilin;{ 
Sandwich In ihe late Mr. Uoys. ih« 

of Mr. Garret, the town clerk, has 
hern, that all tlie valu-jlilc lecordi re- 
lating to Sandivieli had been borrowed 
hy aniiioarics, and never TCiurned by 




Inscription in Btauinaiis Church. — Church Repairt. 

I have not eximined Tanner rcir the 
(lite* of the roundiiion of Friaries (dis- 
linguiihed from otlier monasicriet by 
having no leiriiorial endowmeniK), 
but according lo wf rMollection fevr, 
or eito none, were founded so late as 
the lime of William Unl Clinlon, i.e. 
the ISLh century. If any of youc cor- 
retpondenti can oblige uie wlih in- 
forinatjiin, vii. concerning ihc aiiliio- 
rity of Mr. Hatlcil. RaytiutdAt Clin- 
lon, and ihe dute of the faitndaiion, I 
■hall be glad. 

Yaurij &c. T. D. Fosbrokb. 

Mr, Ukb&n, Jan. SO. 

IN the chancel of Beaumarii church 
ii a alone uhich mipeart lo have 
been erected by an Edward Waler- 
houBC. As it puzilcd Mr. Pennant to 
account for how it came iheie, or for 
what putjioM il was erected, 1 request 
you to lay the inscription before your 
numerous readers, in the ho|ie ihit 
some one will ihiow light on irt ob- 
ject, and on the individual! mentioned 
in iL bir Henrv byihiey had been 
Lord Deputy uf Ireland, but died in 
England in ISB6. Sir Anthony St. 
L^er wai another. The two otbeti 

iiGirterii m\- 
mirchni W>1- 

I.HtNXicui Svnn 

1(1, mnidieni » coniitiii mirchni ' 

lis, Dominus deputalua in HiUernU. 

a. Ahtonidi Semtlioih, ordiDli Giru 

3. FaiHCiscui AoAKD. umiger, ■■ emu 
ia HIbiiDii. 

4. EowiKDua Watehhous ms poiull. 
1 T.IW.VI 

NoKC Teliiipium. — Fide i 

Mr. Urban. BHiloi, Jan. \2. 

IT must be ptoduclive of great aaiift- 
fiClion to the fiienil, of our vener- 
able church, and lo tlie admirers of 
eecteiiastical architecture, to perceite 
a veiyconiidctahleiniprotenieuiltiking 
place in the altenlion |>3id to llioie 
monument) of the laite and ptoui mu- 
nificence of our fore fa I hers— our p^iritb 
churches, which have sniTered so much 

The preservers and le 
srchileclure cerltinly hate a claim I 
our warmest graliiudv, and I oi 
therefore induced to lay before yui. 
readers a short nctice of some iir 

provement* which have takeii pit 
Ihc immediate neighbourhood of 
large city ; and, uniong many olbtt 
iasiancei which might be named, it 
gives me great pleasure to notice 
Ihe improved stale of the pariib 
churches of Portbury, Tickenhan, 
and Portr»head, in ilic diocese of Bath 
and Wells, la the two former pariahes 
the inhabitants have received the kind 
auisinnce of James Adam Gonton, 
Eiq. of Naish House ; and in the Uliet 
parish, now coming considerably inn 
notice, the parishioners have biM 
aided by the very ample and muaifc 
cent benefaciions of the Corporatigaaf 
this Ciiy, who have given evrtv up- 
fiort in ilie reitoraiions lately auopud 
in its besuiifui church, and have dis- 
played a. most piaisewortliy exumple in 
iheir desire to proiide accominodalion 
in this and other churchu situated on 
their properly, fur the beneht of tlw 
increasing pupulalion mote iiamedi- 
Blely connected wiih them. 

The repairs of the church at Poriit- 
head have also been considerably as- 
aisled by ilie liberaliiy of ihe abate 
meuiioued James Adam Gordon, Em). 
the lord of the manor of that parish, 
as well as of Pnrlbury, a gentleman of 
great taste and classical atuinineiitt, 
eminently skilled in the early Hngliah 
atchileciute, a inoti generous promoter 
of etery Judicious plan for the reston- 
lioQ of ihe ecclesiastical bcautiea of 
the churches with which he is coa- 

ecled, a 


hat rendered, receDlly 
presented to tliat church a fine-toned 
or^an, built by a iitst-rate London 
aiiist. This church coniain* also two 
oak chairs of peculiar beauly, well 
worthy the alleoiion of the antiquary, 
fornieil at the exiienceofihe Rev. John 
Noble Shipion, B.U. of Baliol Coll. 
Oxford, who has been many yean 
resident in that parish, and a great 
benefactor to that church, from Uie 
niBleriiiU of the elegantly carved screen 
which once aeuBiaicd the church fiom 
the chancel, the ptuduclion of an age 
long since passed away, hut which wat 
taken down and thrown by as lumber 
upwards of half a century ago. These 
have laleiy been presenled lo the 
church, no expense having been spared 
in their formation, and are placed on 
each side of the altar. The venerable 
buildings above described are well 
worihy the inspection of every admirer 
of ecctesiatticalarcbiiecture. B. C. 


of Ttdar Arehtteelan, adapltd 

milh il 

Drladi, tttteiti fioat meieat EdfficO ; 
ami Otirrailmu m Ihr FiimihiTt of Ihe 
T»iuf Pmtd. By T. F. Hunt, Archilcct. 
t'e. pp. 900. LoiigiiiiD, and Co. 

OF donioiic archiieciur 
(aid. ihai in choice 
hiiluTio «lu(lfd public noiice; eithtT 
LfcioK ihciT value, ai cnimccted wiih 
iDilcnt aru anil manner), had nnt bcrn 
■lahr appfcciaird bv the local littlorian, 
at bfdame, h isolated sulijtcis, iheir 
eomnMlul (a itle uresi would have 
b«cn little likcl; lo hare rccoiiitienscil 
ihe labour* of lite author or llie ex- 
prnMi of ihe publiihtr. Oi> this ac- 
coani ive cannot bui own ourKlvcs 
tomewhat diiappalntcd at not (iading 
iu ihe e]e;:aiii work before at, inilrad 
lA a compilalioo, ■ latge mau of ori- 
ptaX matter, and, Intlesd of a mulli- 
UMltoEdciigns. Millie iwo or ihtectcore 
o( fcood old modclE, nhoee various 
Dienu ihould have been pointed out 
In Ihe lexi ; a woik which architecW 
nighi hire reiorwd to ai authorily. In 
ihun, a bnok of aniiijuiiy, a> full a« 
Mr. Pu~in's, hul heller selecln), and 
illiBlralcil tvilli remark] and quo- 

But wc mutt lake Mr. Hunt'i w«>k 
M he bai pleused to give it ui ; and as 
1 book of deiisni il meeliwiih our full 
tpp^taiion. 'Mr. Hunt hai proliled 
norebjr the choice mode I a of antiaiiliy 
ihaii any olhci archilecl tvilh wiiom 
we are acquainted- If we were in- 
clined W find fiull wiih him, it would 
be for keeping too much in one style. 
There are nanjignod ilyles of domestic 
irctlileclore; uod when Mr. Hunt 
ayi the arch ought lo be excluded, he 
» "ffonjr. The pointed arch i« the 
etttnce of Domnlic, aa well ai Ecclc- 
■ianie.1 archiiecinre ; and this, we 
ibmk. Mr. Hunt will herearttralloiv, 
■h«n he hai a liiile more iiudieU ihe 

Section I. ii a diiaertalion on ihe 
OoDMslie Architecture of the aixlecnlh 
cnlDiy i bill ill peculiat c ha raclcri tiles 

which llie author luppotra u 
Ihe Imw modrli for iinilaiion. 
QtxT. Vila. January, l«ao. 

very ilesirable j for ihe archiu 
the prrtcnt djy lack ii 
.heir selection. 



c Archil. 

ke painting a 

. grfjtly Improrcd uoder the tirs» 
and second Edwards." fp, I.) We do 
not knovf whether this obicrvaiion 
apjdies to ihe style of arch, or lu ihe 
ioleruslcoiiirnrlof the homes of ihat 
period. If lo the taller, il is not proved, 
and cannot be proicd; if lo ibe for- 
mer, ihc relics of the royal P.ilace at 
Weslminaier afford a i-oniradiclion. 
The Brchllcclitre of thai Palace was 
ex(|ui>ilely beautiful; ihe dimenBton* 
of the apartnienls grand, and its en- 
richmeiiis, whether of sculpture or 
jiainting, of almost uncoualled beauty 
and splendour. The iiyli: of .irchiiec- 
turc (Henry HI.) excelled thai pnc- 
li^ed when the Falare wai founded, 
howercr noble and commanding, and 
it wat incomparably supeiioi to any 
afterwards eslablishcil. 

Mr, Hon! observes (p, 3), ' 
VIII. was a Rreut boiMer j ai 
him, and not on ihe dissolution of ihe 
monosleiiea, began that style of houie- 
buildiug which it is the puipote of 
Ihii voUime to illnilrnle," The King 
tvBS cerininly a patron of archilecturc, 
but hit munificence was far excelled 
by ihat of Cardinal Wolsey, whose 
buildings are amongst the most valu- 
able models of ihe age. 

The tlyle of Henry Vlli.'s reign was 
not altugelhcr new, but only a modi- 
fication of that of Henry VII. Do- 

i(p, 3), "Henry 
uilder j and will 



n Iher 

Kcclesiattical e 
Ihe reign of Henry VIII. had reached 
its loweal and most disordered ilatc. 
JusI so much of the aniienl style might 
be applied to ihe design of a house as 
suited the fancy of the architect; but 
he could not safely take ilic lanie 
liberty in the style of a church, nor 
depart either from ihe aniieni plan or 

Scneral style of ornameni, without a 
cpatiure also from beauty and good 

"Toiheieipn nflK-nry VIII." ob- 
serves Mr. Hunt, " we musl Umk for 
njodeli.'' Hjiitipton Court and Hen- 
grave Hall nre those rccommnided at 



Review. — Hunt's Exemplan of Tudor jirchitecture. [Jan. 

"reducible to the wants of the present 
refined ase." This may be doubted, 
even if the present were the original 
arrangement of these mansions. Many 
of the state apartments of Hampton 
Court have been destroyed, and Hen- 
gpive has undergone so much altera- 
tion, in the total destruction of some 
rooms, and the enlargement or reduc- 
tion of others, that its present inlernal 
comfort and elegance are totally inde- 
pendent of antiquity. Rut, after all, 
there is no antient house which could 
be recommended for exact imitation 
(supposing such imitation desirable) 
in these days. This remark is equally 
applicable to plan and design ; both 
may be copied in parts, and the style 
of the latter ought to be preserved 
throughout, butihespAo/e must be made 
to suit the economy of the age iu which 
we live. Before we leave Hensraie, it 
may be remaiked, en passant, that Mr. 
Hunt has drawn largely from Mr. 
Gage's History, which is indeed a very 
valuable work. 

There is no doubt of the use of brick 
at an essential material in houses of 
the first magnitude as early as the 1 5th 
century, i. c. in the reigns of Hen. VI. 
and Edw. IV. Eltham Hall is of 
brick, with an external facing of stone; 
and the beautiful ruins of the gate- 
way of Nether Hall, Essex, are wholly 
of the same material, excepting the 
internal arches which are edged with 
stone. It was built under Edward IV. 
whose badges combined, are carved on 
wood in one angle of the interior. 
Hurstmonceaux Castle and Eton Col- 
lege were erected in the preceding 
reign ; and it is difficult to believe that 
these are 8|)ecimen8 of the earliest 
moulded bricks used in England ; if so, 
it would puzzle antiquaries to point 
out any improvement in that art from 
the above period to the reign of Hen. 
VIII. It may be noticed that bold- 
ness was not a common characteristic 
of the antient brick ornaments, the 
varieties of which, excepting on chim- 
neys, were few in proportion to their 
number. At East Barsham, in Nor- 
folk, there is a constant repetition of 
the same devices; the cornices are 
shallow, but the chimneys and turrets, 
as in most instances, are extremely 

Coesey Hall, Norfolk, is now build« 
ing for Lord Stafford, under the dircc- 
lioQofMr.J.C.Buckler. Redand white 

brick are used in the construction of 
this house, the latter io tlie cornice, 
corbels, windows, and doorways, and 
from their colour and size they very 
closely resemble masonry. Thex bricks 
are in large masses, perfectly sound and 
even, and the arches of some of the 
doorways, four feet wide, consist of 
only two pieces. The brick field is oa 
the edge of the park, and at the utmost 
pains are taken in the manufacture, it 
may be supposed that the material is 
of a very superior quality both as to 
strength and colour. The style adopted 
by Mr. Buckler is that of Henry Vlil. 
and the arch (to which Mr. Hunt 
objects), except within a square archi- 
trave, is an excluded feature. The 
best examples have been selected for 
the building, and there it already no 
mean display of chimneyt. 

The ground- plan in Section II. 
(p. 2i}.) somewhat resembles that of 
Lastbury Hall, in Essex. The cloister 
is an additional feature ; its open tide 
partakes more of modernity than of 
antiquity, but its constituent orna- 
ments are correct and good. The 
chimney shafu are very handsome, 
and the gale-house simple and in the 
true spirit of antiquity. 

The originals of the grate and curi« 
ously embossed dogs in PI. XV. p. 68, 
are at Haddon Hall, in the county of 

In p. 6l to 65, inclusive, is an in^ 
teresting list of buildings, distinguished 
by heraldic ornaments. This speciet 
ot enrichment was equally beautiful 
and %*aluable. It was also very com- 
mon, and it may be observed, that it 
was the almost boundless exercise of 
this liberty of decoration in architec- 
tural design that, while it contributed 
both beauty and variety, produced the 
continual changes that hastened itt 

'< The frets tod other fancifiil forms 
which are teen in the frooti of baildinct) 
formed of vitrified bricks, were msde fur the 
purpose of employing in a manner the ItMt 
unsightly, sach as were discoloured by burn- 
ing. In a clamp, or kiln of bricks, a certun 
number must, from their si tuatiou, be more 
strongly acted upcm by the fire than the 
general mass, and ccmsequently become 
darkly tinged. With the tact so peculiar 
to the old artisans, tbis,'liLe other seeming 
disadvantages, was turned to account ; and 
what in other hands would have been blem- 
ishes, were converted by them iuto embel- 
lishments. Instead of allowing the work- 

1830.] ItsviEW.— Hunt's Exemptars of Tudor Jichileclure. 




■o M ID* Midi brick) indiiciiminilelf , md 
ibnbj SaBgiin (he valli with ipoli, ihcjr 
■m mIhWJ, u bf Ing moie vKluabli Ihui 
tfic ntVrn, and irmuglit inln >le>iMi> n- 
lif'iiii; tlic filainiKit nf l!i»r jiicrt or luifucei 

■hirh b 

bij^i. MiBj Fumpl< 
a»l eoalil b« gncBi but ptrhipi (hoM ia 
ike basadair Balli af iha *Mien( mknor- 
hoM* (t B«nnaiid«]r, raferied to b; Mr. 
J. C. ButkW. io hU inlemting < Aecount 
of EkliuB P*iu9,' irceatly publitbed, Lrt 
lb* snt UtiluBg. The; coiiaiited of lu- 
t«g», aitii craue* upoD tWi upper poiuti, 
t»B k(ji Hirtenrdi (he bovi inteiliced in 
bendiiimrd iotcrpiHeit betweca tbEm in 
bcMd (tabtci [Mr. Hunt lhu> piinti llw 
Wmubij of lilt um* if lUe lee of Wln- 

in« vhich Mr. Bocller hu) ftlleu] ; tbe 
mcbJ enas, cariuuily cDniirucwd; the 
CToH of Sl ADdrew i mtersecled irinoalM, 
in ■llm'iao to tliB Holy Trialty; the glalM 
•od nail I the luKDhun't rnnrlci the badge 
of A» homgh of Suutiiairk i and the iC' 
pncMuioB of the veil friint of ■ church, 
■Uii • Nvreuo arch undtc » gihle, belweea 
tea M««n Bhoit puiuud loufi leiniioated 

(^b! achat tuogi aad Mr. Buckler con- 
i«Uua tkat it jneHrved an iiDperrecl idea 
of Iba vcred edifice of Norm an prchitecture 
MA one* occujiicd thi lite, P. T I . 

Thi> oiifiin or ihc pallerni rutmed 
Af gbwd bricki, at given above by 
Mr. Htint, is very ingeniouj ; iFillie 
Mnaci, there miHi hme been a great 
ptoponian of aTcr-burnei] brick*, m 
watccljr hair tlie nninbir wai uied in 
ibe palierna. Those which were not 
one built up juil 01 they came In llie 
haudinrilic workmen. The arleciinn 
oow.a-tLiyi wioiilij add to (he Icoiible 

The following leryjudiciauiobierva- 
iioD) cannot be too often lepeaied : 

" Gnat attentinn (hnuM be jti>f a la the 
tnloar at plulered hiHim. Mr. Uvcdale 

be diitracted among tbem. Agiia 
lider it ia another view), nban Iba 
iki oul id gleimi, there ii tomeiliiDg 
lEbtaaodiurprWeijimeeineM. ob- 
efure onljr viiibl?, lighted up is 
jr, and ih«a gradually slokiog inta 
ihiiencd object <■ already 

r>cW>eH)ua, thai vw ■ of Uie mo 
iageffecta of luoihior la IM gitiig to ub- 
jena not merely ligthl, but that mellow 
gttUa hue lo beuniful io itaelf, and whiuh 
■hen dilFuitd, aa ia a Hai eteaiog. ovfr tbt 
■bale Juidic^, crratei that rich uniad 
and hamoay, ao e n c l ia fn ipg in aalura and 

cmy pr 

raik, tlx 

If •• ni)^)oae a •ingle object 

-Mta M be introduced, the 

kg ipit* of all our efioru to 

II b« ihuni to that point ; 

•cUlefrd about, the 

liflbted op; it remain] to when every ihiog 
elie baa mired into ohicurlty; it itill foroei 
itaelf into notice, itlll impudently aUrta 
you in (he lace. — An object of a lober tint, 
uaexpectedly gilded by the luo, ii like a la- 
riooa cDunteaanue lighted up by a imile t ■ 
whitened object, like the eternal grin of a 
fool, I with bo-aver to be nnderttood, 
that when I tpeak of whitewaih and whiten- 
ed building*, I mean that glaring whit* 
which ii produced by lime alone, o[ without 
a lufficleot qnantiiy of any lowtriog ingre- 
dient ; for there cannot ba a greater or 
more reaioDabte impTui^ment than that of 
giving to H (irij brick building the tint of « 

abould ehiefly be cobbned to firry brick s 
for when briEk becomei weather ttunad 
and moiiy, it harmoniiei with i^therooloura, 

variety of tint, infinitely pleaaiog Io tha 
paiutcr'i eyei for the cool colour of tha 
greeoiih mini lowert the fiery quality, while 
(he lubdiied lire beoMlh givet a glow of pe- 
culiar oharacler which (he fpaioter would 
hardly like to change for any uoircroi colour, 
muuh leii fur the unmited whltcDett of 
lime." P. 74. 

■' H^la are mentioned of a very early 
date, built with a middle and two Mb aiilei 
like Ch»rcbea : lbs original hall at Weit- 
minater n »td to have been of thi> Form. 
Theia obtervatioDi of former wtiten, and 
men whoie antiquarian reiearchei enlitia 
I leipect, the author begs to 
eidentilly, having do autho- 
A adduce. Tlia hall of tha 

rltyof hit'c 
Savoy Hoap 
each way w 
feet." P. D 


B feet, a 

TIic Gullcihall Bt York, erecled in 
the 15lh century, is a (tnc building on 
itie rotnier plan. The Hall of iheancient 
paljce Bt Vf'inchestcr, at Icait tno cen- 
turies older, ii anoibcr ei 
niuple; aiiiJ that VVeiiminiti 
originaljj Bubdiviileil by lu 
arches and |iillar«, there c 
doubt. The Itiplcaichea oi 


r of wt". 

locb Piiory, and of the 
characlcr, appeareil when the iione- 
work o( Richard the Secnnd'i age wai 
removed ID luabe way (oi the present 
noble r^cadc. 

Ceiled Toemt fnot mentioned in 
Mr, Htint't book] are of leiaou m- 


Rbtibw.— Hunt's Exemplati of Tudor Architeciure. [Jad. 

tiqoity. When the Hall occupied only 
the lower story of the house, as in 
the curious remains of the parsonage- 
house at Congresbury in Somerset, 
it was ceiled ; but in the majority of 
examples this nobic apartment was 
distinguished for its height, and its 
chief architectural embellishments ap- 
peared in its raftered roof. The Painted 
Chamber, and the Prince's Chamber 
at Westminster, were covered with 
flat ceilings of wood, and adorned with 
figures in panels of great richness and 
beauty; and the roof of the interven- 
ing room was arched in wood. Expe- 
rience has proved that flat ceilings are 
the best for rooms of common habita- 
tion, and that this opinion was early 
entertained, the above examples may 
testify. The Norman manor-house at 
Appleton in Berks, is too imperfect to 
be cited on the same account; but that 
at Winwal in the parish of Wereham 
in Norfolk, is ceilen after the manner 
of a modern .house ; and the proof that 
the fashion in this initance is original, 
appears in the cornice of zig-zag which 
extends round the rooms. The choice 
of flat ceilings, therefore, in houses at 
a period when scarcely the aile of a 
Church, however small, was left with- 
out a groined vaulting, is a sure testi- 
mony of a system in domestic architec- 
ture, in which comfort and accommo- 
dation were mainly considered. 

The Section on Furniture is very in- 
teresting, but has little to do witn the 
style of Domestic Architecture, of 
which the book treats. This kind of 
furniture is at best coarse and clumsy, 
— it will not bear imitation. Some 
articles of beauty would no doubt be 
found in the dwellings of the ancients; 
but they were far inferior to us in do- 
mestic conveniences, and the Bttings- 
up were by no means proportioned to 
the magnificence of the building. 

The engravings, or rather etchings, 
are very neatly executed. Accuracy 
in the outline and detail has been 
chiefly regarded, and these are more 
valuable in works of (he present kind, 
than the most highly finished engrav- 
ing. The drawings are from the au- 
thor's own pencil. One of the sub- 
jects, if we are not mistaken, appeared 
in the last year*s exhibition at Somer- 
set-house ; and several of the engravings 
have been long before the public. 

The titlc-pa^e is decorated with a 
beautiful wood-cut of the arms and 
supporters of Henry VIII. tastefully 

designed and drawn by Mr. Willc* 

As a work intended to exhibit the 
skill of its author in the adaptation of 
ancient designs to modern habitations, 
this is very valuable one, and likely to 
correct the bad taste which, witn so 
manv fine models for imitation, still su<- 
perabounds in the profession to which 
Mr. Hunt belongs. We are glad to 
see that in these designs there is no 
straining after the picturesoue — as if a 
confused outline produced beauty, and 
broken angles, variety of decoratioo» 
and irregularly shaped features, atoned 
for inaccurate deUiU mixture of styles^ 
and mistaken notions of the system 
which governed the architects ofantl- 

Uniformity certainly is not incon- 
sistent with what is misnamed goikie 
architecture. It did pot always extend 
to inferior features, which however 
were sometimes arranged with scru- 
pulous exactness. The west- fronts of 
Christ Church in Oxford, and Thorn* 
bury Castle may be named ; the latter 
indeed is very imperfect ; but in the 
splendid front of Hengrave Hall there 
once appeared, for the sake of unifor- 
mity, a window on the east side of the 
porch, exactly like the curious bay 
window of the Chapel on the other 

In another respect, Mr. Hunt's de- 
signs are highly creditable to his taste 
and judgment. They are not loaded 
with carved work ; he has trusted to 
general features, and has had but little 
to do with minute ornaments. He 
who tricks out a design with many 
carvings, betrays a want of sound taste, 
and fancies he supplies with enrich- 
ment the deficiency in the order of the 
plan and the beauty of its proportions. 
On the whole, it is better to have too 
few than too many ornaments. By 
simplicity we do not mean sullen se** 
verity, or a total absence of decoration, 
but only so much as will sene to in- 
crease the beauty of the design, the 
merit of which is always diminished 
by excess in this particular. 

The Focabtdary of East Anglia ; an Attempt 
to record the Vulgar Tongue qf the Twmr 
Sister Counties Norfolk and Suffolk, as it 
existed in the last Twenty Years of the 
Eighteenth Century, and still exists, with 
Proqf qf its Antiquity, Jrom Etymology 
and Authority, Hy the late Rev. Robert 


RcviBw. — Foiby'8 yocabularij of East AngKa. 

. , Ft>rb7{p4l), 

ANCIENT provindniisnis ate like llie Lalin. Bui In that poiitiou there 

incienieoini: ihey form the nutheniic are many cxccpiioni. Long befoie ihe 

miwtul* orhiiiory. They augeest new Norman invasion, lhcr« were nariou) 

facu, and lliry conltrm ihc old ; and monkish worki wiiiien in Lalin, ind 

thcT have ihe stiperiar characicr of (hat Latin was aasiiredly derived Troni 

miiim iamiccpiiblc of error, Tibricj- Ilaly, ihtmigh Iniercourte wiiIi ihe 

lion, or opinion. If not an ioiu of Romish tee. Greek hat been chivily, 

ttiMoiy csialcd conccruing ihe Boinan almost wholly, adnpied from worki ur 

CHMjuWarBriUia, (.■oinsandlesselaled science, n ltd liofreccut inlroduclioi). 

parancnu troald show it. It is, or Tiie indispensable connection orpro- 

cmnc, ■ natural conclusion thai, if Tane knowledge with ihesiute of reaiim 

then esbl, as here staled (Prrrace), and civilisaiion, which is equally in. 

" a icatarhable prevalence of Anglo- dispensable to the support of ihi 

Suon tMuwnclalure in the topoernphy 
of East Anglii,'' tb« Anslo-aaioni 
hid an emiiieni concern with ihal di«- 
irici. and that cireiinistiinces have not 
rafaitiiuted others Tot the nitive words. 
But, as pnnincialisms generally obtain 
among the urirducaied ranks, Ihecauie 
is not strictly Ureal, but nccidental. 
Tbe auihntiieii Irinitation of the Bible 
is aloHMt entirely genuine English, 
lod we »elcci froin the lutriKliielion 
[p. 17} ihc Tollowing Jcnionsiralive 

"Tim, HliinMu? UBicamo "here Jeiui 
■u, ■»! w- him, sht hll do«a at hii fiet, 
>ji^ uato hint, ' Lard, if lIidu hukt btaa 
hm, mj bioUicr lud not Jied.' When Je- 
•M thmtoTt uw liei iieqiiDf;, and tin 
Jtn alHi wnpiDg, mliich onic ulth her, 
h* erowied in ifiril aitd »ii timillfd, and 
• Wtwre hive je laid him V Tliey Hut 

«VS a Iri 

o Souih, I 

)U raiionality oPoar religion, renders, 
I out ofiinion, clergymen who sup- 
ing very useful men. When 
anecdote) it wus observed 
at " God had no necessity 
Tor hnman learning." "Then (he re- 

Elied) he can have no necessity for 
uman ignorance." Nor is such learn- 
ing incompatible with the lacred pro- 
fession, or nnbecoming itj for, in ibo 
first ptiice, ihe illuiirationa of iheolofty 
are in a great degree dependent u|)oii 

of the 
much expenditure 
■lady. We know 
for almost all the I 

{ and, in the n 

of li 

) do ti 

I requL 

lid, how 

aiistira ; and, under the nioderii fa- 
nalical prejudice, it ii a counteracting 
medicine to laud and elevate indtis- 
Irlous scholars. Upon this account, 
among others, we shall give a short 
abslr.-ict of the " Memoirs of our Au- 
— «. ..»«. .iwu II,. Hmc luiia in i^i '■'""•" ^* vftltten by that cUgBni an- 
bl^!!^, VZT «.U"u't,iriry wiBB liq'-arj Mr. Dawson Turner, and an- 
■l^li fBi>di£ealiuDi, llils p>i(a|;( cootaiui "exed to this work. 
•ntatf-lita xotdi. (If ilMieail ara Smuo Mr- Forby was the son of resiieela- 

laU she tvi) [tinted in la iLalm, on* of ble, but not opulent parenls, ai Stoke 
" ~ ' Ferry, in the county of Norfolk, and 
■ 'Dr. Lin ■ 

. • LonJ, 

nf*. Then »id the J(wi, ' Bclii 

ha kited hiiiit *" John, x. SI— SB 

■' Wish tliB iicefitiail of piopai 

J PT>nted a 
■hick ia of Latin, the oilier i,( Freaeh 
' indeed the Ciigluh of tlia 

Llnyd, I 

It panuftheccntnry Iwf.ira the fut. It School at Lynn. From hence he re- 
.bo.* Iian buDdrtO jMr. old; but it is moved to Cambridae, where he Erado- 
1 the Eaeliih of the picKat daj . a _ r- 


ibridge, where he pradu- 
1761, and soon after was elected 
of hii college, Caius, The late 

t Ind b 

fouod i 

i iodetd, •»(/ probaliJji, 
Im porelj Saiua. PiMtsesi quoieii i 
lUbtnaoB, UuiH, Oilboa, and Juhn, 
RMIaii a Dueb greater prO|>uitiaa of hi 
Mm) ftim utb«r langiugci, l>ul we n 
oot conclude that tba wordi which are 
Kasoia cnnld nut be tupplieil h; Saton, 

t )« 


if John Bern .. 
duccd him to resign his fellowship, 
and abandon his college prosiiccts, for 
the sake of coming near him, and un- 
detiuking the education of lijs sons. 
Accoidingly, he received from the Ba- 
ronet the small living of Hornrnglori, 
in Norfolk, and settled himself near 
his patron, at Barton Bendish, whither 
he hud taken bis mother and sisters to 
reside with hiin. Miifortunes on the 
ji-iil of the liuuiKl ftU'ilTUcvl 'aVV \us 


Rbvibw.— -Forby'fl Vocabudary of Etui Anglia. 


expectations, aad he was obliged to 
hare recourse to pupils for his own 
sustenance. Schoolmasters are char- 
tered subjects of petty annoyance ; and 
Mr. Turner justly says : 

*' Every one who hu been converwnt, in 
however slight « degree, with educatioDy 
knows that the daily and hourly anooyaacef 
neceiaarily attendant on it are such> that no 
motive can ever thoroughly reconcile the 
mind to the irksome task, except the spur 
of iome more irksome necessity. ' P. xsiii. 

The truth is, that an opinion that 
nobody would be a schoolmaster who 
could possibly help it, induces people 
to think that ihey roust and will sub- 
mit to baiting with every kind of in- 
dignity ; and this licentiousness of in- 
sult is savagely exercised by coddling 
mothers and purse-proud fathers. They 
have only the minds and feelings of 
cattle-drovers ; and it is useless to state 
the utility and convenience of the pro- 
fession, and the public good of avoiding 
such conduct, that respectable people 
may be induced to become tutors. 
In their opinion, pecuniary obligation 
ought to make only humhie friends 
and upper servants. Poor Forby was 
more than once stung by snch insects 
as to character. But though, upon 
the death of his uncle, the Rev. Joseph 
Forby, he succeeded him in the va- 
luable family living of Fincham, he 
still continued a schoolmaster. In 
1803, he added to this drudgery that 
of being an acting justice, deputy- 
lieutenant, and commissioner of the 
land-tax. As he had complained of 
being in the frying-pan, as a school- 
master, so it seems that, through the 
official labours, lie had only jumped 
out of it into the Are ; hod got into 
roasting as well as frying; for he says : 

« Of the fatigue of my daily doroestie 
occupations you are a competent judge : 
this is to be added to the other ; and when 
I have left home, soon after breakfast, and 
return at five o'clock to a solitary dinner, 
which I abhor, with my head full of parish- 
rates, iurveyors' accounts, vagrants, run- 
away husbands, assaults, petty larcenies, 
militia-lists, and substitutes ; tax-duplicates 
and distress- warrants, some or all of these 
jumbled together in a horrid confusion ; and, 
my dinner dispatched, sit down to have my 
aching head split by prosaic verses, bad 
themes, or abominable lessons, tell me is it 
wonderful if I take up any slight amusement 
that lies in my ways. Lick on my shoes and 
lounge by the fireside, or try to win six- 
pence of my mother at cribbage ?" P. xxvi. 

Mr. Duwson Turner ascribes his en* 

durance of this fatigue, after the 
quisition of a living, to use becoming 
a second nature. But as be also 
wrote poetical squibs, essays, &q. wf 
apprehend that he had a veiy active 
mmd, a natural consequence of high 
cultivation, and active minds require 
perpetual excitement. Indolence it 

His clerical duties were performed 
in a most satisfactory manner ; he i^aa 
a good reader, an eloquent preacher^ 
a comforter and benefactor to the poor ; 
in private life an excellent son; and^ 
as Mr. Turner says, in his general cha* 
racter, a most valuable man. 

He continued to pursue, with the 
addition only of literary amusemeDts» 
among which was this work, the kind 
of life which we have described, ootil 
December 20, 1825. 

« Upon that day a gentlemaa called t« 
see him, about one o'clock, while ha wag 
taking bis bath, as usuaL Ahtr waiting 
a considerable period, the &mUy becaoif 
alarmed, and upon opening the door, tbej 
found that he had fainted in the water, and 
had been suffocated, and had evidently been 
dead some time." p. xiv. 

Bishop Heber, it will be remember- 
ed, met with a similar death; and 
therefore we would recommend the 
more harmless substitute of a shower- 

We shall now proceed to the work. 
It is hardly possible that words, pro- 
fessed to be purely Saxon or Old 
English, should be merely provincial, 
because the language was national. 
We shall therefore take for our ex- 
tracts certain words not of limited ap- 

" GuMPTioir, «. understanding ; Jamib- 
soir and Pegoe. Common sense; jENNiNOf, 
Common sense combined with energy; 
BaocKETT. With us it teems rather to 
mean address and shrewdness. It is a good 
word, and may have many shades of meaning. 
Moes-g. gaumian, percipere. Brock arr lias 
gttwm in this sense." ii. 145. 

This is ingenious and correct, for 
there still is a verb, fo gaufm, i, e, to 
mind. Watson sajrs, "In Halifax, not 
to gawm a man, is not to mind him. 
But in the next parish, within Lanca- 
shire, to gawm IS to understand or to 
comprehend, and a man is said to 
gawm that which he can hold in his 
hands. For this reason a person is said 
there to be gawmlesi when his fingers 
arc so cold and frozen that he has not 
the proper use of them.*'— (^n^ion'i 
Haiti fax, in Voce,) 

RfiVicw. — Forty's f'ocabulaTi/ of Eatt Anglia. 

That the nrigin ii here correct ii 
hjoml dmtbi; bui. n Tyrwhii »ay», 
French vmtili were Saxoniscit ; %r> dots 
it apnrai sfso, rtoin ihe lerininaiioti. 
•an, in«t Saxon nnid* were, viet vrrii, 
Vnmht^rA, gampiiiin being made up 

em t^ gttemlinn. 

■'TjiwTiiovi, ». p(. liMi Khiniii •hiiitil 
Mb: hl£h TDpi*. Tlinugh ilie itHw* do 
**t won nanli coioddcal, it h [•mlwbly 
fnMlFr. trmmt/im,.- tH'iLH •■■*>• Clioh. 
GIOH. urf BimcKcrr, ii. 141. 

Ttardrait j*. in Coijtrjie, '• ilie bixl 
ictotHiiJrna. or ound nf n htinlrri 
bom." Wc hate thmieht, ihai /nn- 
UriM (L«l.) tvM lh« ml nrlgin ; but 
tranttim, (he rbrinssiinlt for euphony. 
Into (oitron, is r» Deder. Ai, lo giee 
Umh^iWM.' air. a (liu]rll'<'>'e. 19 I''- 
Jftr, frotn the Latin ira, and tiri. 
xtj. i> insty, choleric, but the phti 

\t the n 


Un ih« iigM ropei, 
i^hot from fun: 


atki bia Inirei hii tone and be lubniMiT*, 
It naf |»n>bl]i br dnrived finm tha ' lun- 
U«' M lb« dter. oliich Mere ihr uerquiule 
af ibc buntimMi ; ind if lo, it iliauld be 
vmNfpif, llie tuai of iDreticii." ii. 



VmMt ii ccruinly titen from Bm- 
ihfjw what 

Ttaelcfcwr ipecii 
i»l>uM« aecFtsion tnii wotK a to tne 
philotogiit anil inliquary. 

Vfe CNight further lo obiene, that 
itit GloiMry does not form ihe whule 
of tbi* work i there ii b!h> a copious 
and elaborate (littcriation upon Ihe 
Dri^n SDil hlilory of our latif^tiage, 
which tncriis siudy; and Mr. Foiby's 
pemukt cm East Anglian pmniinciat'ion 
ind grammar, tramp an nilditional va- 
loe on hii work. Bui we ihall not 
Hop here as to the ralue of such tvaika. 
Few people know thai only one word 
id English, out of twelve, is spoken 
by educated people. Wc hsve seen n 
nbleio which ihe derivatives, as ttuted 
in Johnson's Diciionsry, arc niimeri- 
c»n. sommed up. Though 
made with philmnphical :icci 
are clear thai, on a broad icalc, ._ ._ 
■nCeirnt; for ilislo be recol lectin i! thai 
we are nut discussing alt ihe wurda 
I'f a lanjiiijgi:, only ihnse nf ihe great 
Irxico^rafihcr. who crruiiily did not 
include riilgjiUms. From licnre it will 
<lurly appear thai, ai educaiion ad- 
nnen, wr ihall have two diateciii, 
fc'ndly marked, in ihr gfnlr/ and pi\f 


sanlry, and a mongti-l in mixed classes, 
(lenoinc English will suffer an ex- 

books like lhe« wil'l"uhin,atdy heils 
only prcsetViHtive. Now for ihc proof, 
I'he number of derivatives in Johnson 
is slated lo be, rrom the 

Utia . 
G'«k '. 

. e,Tas 

The total niiml>er of derivaliies is 
tS,7SB— deduct 14, 357. the remainder 
is nnlj 1,433. 

Thirs ii appear) that edneaied people 
really talk Latin and French; and if 
any of our leisurely eorresi«onden(s will 
inke Ihe trouble of counting the word* 
of a BibleConcordance, ihey will easily 
see how much of ihe real English ton- 
gue is retained in memory. Pcrhaiw 
ihry will tind thai, were it not for ihe 
Iraiiilation of the Bible, and the Li- 
luigv, Engliih would soon become a 
dead language. It is onlj- now pre- 
served because it is collotjuial, and dig- 
nified by iheChurch Service. At pre- 
sent n ilang (a LIack-/pg, or a black 
guard, we care not whichl it iniro- 
duced into gentlemanly, ihough not 
(flkinl, diciion. Such iliirigs aic mat. 
lets of course, but they arc nevenheless 

Kir. Foiby has, in this wort, left a 
legacy of very considerable value lo the 
philologist. He evidently was a man 
highly qualified, by long residence in 
his native county, bv accuraie obsen'a- 
lion, and unremilled study, for the task 
he delighted in ; and it is lo be legretied 
that he did not lire to complete Tiis in- 
tentions. The present publication eon. 
tjins between two and three thousand 
words ; bul Mr. Forby was of opinion 
thai, if a general vocanulaiy of all the 
l^nglith provincialisms were formed, 
ihirlccn thousand words might be col- 
lected. This is still a great dfsideraium 

limately be aecomnlished. Upon the 
whole, we can safely recommend Mr. 
Fotby'i work lo the alteniinn of those 
who are ijiiereslcd in the history of 
Ihcir nalive tongue ; and it cannot fail 
to gratify parllciilarly those whom bu- 
sinras oi oiher cauics may bring into 
Contact with ihe lower orders in the 
twin. sister counlits wtiMe ^cuVut't^vu 
0^ idiom arc cxpUincd'ttt'tt. 






Review. — Dr. Lirdner's QibiHet Cyclopaditf, 


Dr. Lardner's Cabinet Cifdoprndia : — Fid. I, 
History of Scotland. By Sir Walter Scott. 
— rol. II. History of Maritime and Inland 

THIS is one of those new engines of 
instruction so peculiarly characteristic 
of the age of improvement in which 
we live. Its plan and arrangements are 
entitled to our best commendations; 
for, as intellectual food, be its quality 
what it may, is now as essential to 
our existence as our corporeal aliment, 
too mtich praise cannot be bestowed 
on those who have adopted the best 
means of ensuring an abundant and 
cheap supply of the roost healthful. 
The design of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia 
is, the furnishing popular compen- 
diumsofall that is useful and interesting 
in art, science, and literature, from the 
pens of the most eminent writers of the 
day. A twofold advantage is secured by 
the employment of none but the most 
profound and practised writers in this 
undertaking. The high reputation of 
such men, and the generous emulation 
to which their simultaneous co-opera- 
tion must give birth, will be a guaran- 
tee of not only the intellectual excel- 
lence, but, what is far more important, 
the moral tendency of their produc- 
tions. This it is that induces us to 
augur well of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia, 
and to hail it as a valuable addition to 
our literature. 

With reference to the two volumes 
of the Cabinet Cyclopaedia which are 
now lying before us, a few words will 
suffice to express onr opinion of their 
very great merits. The]^ are both the 
fruits of the most extensive and pains- 
taking research, conveyed in a style of 
such unbroken interest, that the widest 
and loftiest views are as easily compre- 
hended by the reader as the narrative 
of the simplest fact. The History of 
Scotland, (ly Sir Walter Scott, is a 
beautiful illustration of the grace aud 
effect which sober reality assumes when 
treated by the pencil of genius. In no 
work with which we are acquainted, 
is the progress — in fact, the romance 
of manners, painted with more historic 
fidelity, or with half so much pictu- 
resque vividness of colouring. This, 
indeed, is the great charm of the work 
— which will ensure it lasting popu- 

The progress of manners is also in a 

freat degree the main object of the 
listorv of Maritime Discovery, but ne- 
cessarily on a more {generalizing scale. 

'* It has for its object," tayt the wri« 
ter, " in some measure the defining 
the species, but is more immediately 
connected with the advancement of 
navigation and commercial enttrprite. 
Instead of confining the attention to 
the fortunes of a particular commu- 
nity, it carries the eye of the enquirer 
continually abroad, ta survey all the 
nations of the earth, to mark tne know- 
ledge they obtained of one another, 
ana the extent of their mutual ac- 
ooaintance.'* As the condensation of 
facts in a work of this nature is ne- 
cessarily greater than in that of the 
History of Scotland, the difficulty it 
increased of sustaining the interest of 
the narration. As a counterbalance, 
however, the individual sympathy with 
wild adventure and heroic suffering it 
more unremittingly excited, and the 
thirst of curiosity more constantly in- 
flamed to the end of the volume. We 
know not, therefore, which volume it 
the most interesting; for, if the His- 
tory of Scotland abounds more in ptc- 
turesoue scenes of chivalrous barons 
and heroic knights, the History of 
Maritime Discovery, besides reflecting 
a philosophic light on the origin and 
Customs of the various nations of the 
earth — enchains the attention more 
by the spirit of adventure, which from 
the birth of the human race has urged 
on individuals — here to explore Nature 
in her " unmolested but barbarous 
majesty,** — there to unfold the charm 
which encirles every thing connected 
with the splendid dreams of the an- 
cient kingdoms of the east, — or, with 
Columbus, to dash over a tracklen 
ocean to the possession of a new world. 

In our selection of extracts, we sh^ll 
depart from the course usually follow- 
ed in the case of eulogy, and, instead 
of an extract which we might submit 
to the reader with our unqualified 
commendations, we shall present to 
them our reasons for not adopting two 
new opinions which Sir Walter Scott 
and the historian of Maritime Disco- 
very have promulgated in their re- 
spective volumes. 

It would appear from the following 
passage, that Sir \A'aIter Scott inclines 
to the belief that Richard the Second 
did not, as is generally asserted, ter- 
minate his life within a short period 
after his deposition, but lived a cap- 
tive for many years in Scotland. 

"There it a story told by Bower, or 
Bowinakerj the coQClnuator of Fordun't 

18S0] RiviEw.— Sir W. Scott't lIistor>i of Scotland. 

Cbraalcl*. aliich hu hithcrta b««i Iralnl vtitneter hi 
vAbutfHa I7 tht amte modern hiicarimna. TouDg King 

Dik ttatj Imn. (hit fiichinl II, |;<nmll]r 

fnct Cutli. rithcr bv the "Ger« hud of pruaa< 
Sir Pien at Eitoo/'^or by lb« (lainrr ud poitu 
Bwra cnwl ilnih of fimine, did in latVKy xho 1 
mja liu ncapc by whilety rram hit place ihronc 
of niciGn*n>«it ; liut he fled in diiguiic to '*" 
(ht Sroulih »)<■) ind vu recnniiM'l io the 
iamaiaai of the Laid of the Itln by ■ eer- 
tiis bol or jaui, oho hid been luuilisr in 
ibt (Dufi of Eaf-luicl, >i being no other 
ihu llw dnfanioed king of that kingdom. 
iiomi prateeih to lUt*, lh«C ibr panoa of 
Huhud U. thiu diicoiered. wu delivered 
Bp by the LiDrI of the Iitei m the Ixird 

□uM tllob fit to Ml tha 

ibeny, Albuy, dd hi( tide, 

linpingthe perion of Richudll. 

inie capti'iiy wii not nf leu iin- 

a the inncgiiillity of Henry IV., 
-> period poneued hii uiur]ied 

niOgly . 

LinUined during ill the 
t urince't life. Abtr the Attih of 
Hoben III. thi< IVchud ii luted to h»e 
bne topporMd in mignificeoee, ud even io 
KTrntMU*. by the Duke of Alliiny i W hne 
m tngtti died in the cullo nf Stilling, end 
M tw*. becB JDleired ia tlie chorch of the 
Fmia (ham, *( the nonh ingle oF the allit. 

...rj hi.i 

, the 

e ilorj 

pliM ti Lochit 
•ilfc aoroB > light difference), 
lllU tha fagit'rva and depoied 
Mnvnoed by id lri>K liily, the wife of a 
hcnbn uf the Lord of the Itlei, that had 
aoB faim IB Ireland — that, being charged 
■iih bring King Richard, be drnVtd it, — 
lliat h* HI placed in culody of the Lord 
•( Hmtgonery, and aftemardi of the Lord 
■rCumbcrDauld,— and, finally, that he -at 
lo^ nadei the care of the Kegent Duke of 
AlbHiy. < But Khether lie -ai King or 
DM. fine.' aaid the eliiDniclar of Locbleian, 
'kacK with oerlainly. The myiierioui per- 
•aoaga *ihilnt«d little deiotioo, vunld lel- 
doB iiwIiDa 10 hear mm, and bore Iiimielf 
tika DM half alld or diitncied.' Serle >|9D, 
YtoBiBe of the Robei 10 Richard, wu eie- 
MU<1 becauar, cnmiog frnin Scotland to 
Eaglasd, he repmteJ ib>C Richard waf 
aim ID the latter couotry. Thb legend, of 

Kocdi ax) Snutli Britain, hai hei ' 

of llie depoied l{ii:baid." 

Sir Waller informi ua ihat ihe 
lience of ihis tery inieresiing fuel will -! 
appear in the ihird volume of Mr, Tyt- 
Icr'i Hiiiory o( Scotland. We ha*e 
not yet seen that evidence, which tiiiist 
certainly be curious, but, we ate In* 
cliiied 10 iliink, merely u deinonilra- 
tive uf the great paini taken by Albany 
to cncourBjre a delutton, which he 11 
already wel! koowa to hace attemiit- 
ed to propagnie. Itt our opinion, Sit 
Walter givca the rabricatioti too high 
a itpcK of credit, tiol, perhaps duly 
confldcting the fact, thM Kichatd's 
hodv wa9 exposed hi London to the 
public view, in order that iu identity 
might not he a matter of question, Ii 
ihould be considered that, notwiih' 
Handing that precaution of Henty, the 
Scottish Regent would certainly have 
sufficient reason to punuc hii plan of 
deception, since among the norlhern 
English living at a dislance from the 
MelrojioliEi, and pariicidarly those 
anii-Lancasiriuns whose hopes would 
stimulate their belief, there were doubt* 
le>s niany willinely credulous uf so 
plau>ible a tale. 

In the notice of the Scottish palla- 
dium in p. (>7, thete 





itiia p«>DI, tL 
lertaJ In the < 
tiH, ealtnl Ri 

ip|iori of King 
Edward the Confcisof's chair;" more 
correctly it should he described as con- 
tained within the seat of the Corona- 
tion chait; which chair there is no 
other authority In call Edward the 
Confessor's, except it usually 
II (lie raHBrchei stands in that part of the Abbey called 
historian of Scat- St. Edward's Chapel, and tiear the 
""■■'"■'" "■ shrine erected by King Henry the 

Third 10 his canonized predecessor. 
Ill archiicctutal ornamenis are de- 
cidedly of the age of Kdi 

,, from evideoc 

II. actually I 
»n b. ScoUaad «d ».. .upported .t iha Ih;ri/re7n.'rkabl7conlirin^'''.o bcVhi 
pabfic eipmce of thai aouBlry. .-, ( -■' l j ,1, 

„ .Uth Henry IV. 

Cirtit^ orer the regsat of Scniland, by 
lag ia hli caiiody the perion of Janes. 
Bad conan|ivnlly lh« paver nf puttiDt an 
•ad Kt the delegated goiernment nf Albany 
tl(«T, Mm. January, taao, 



Wardrobe Accounts of 1300, which 


Rbvibw^ — Lardncr'A Hidorif of DiicoMfy. 


preeminent of chain^ il y€t has ao 
riffht to the epithet of ** cathedral,*' 
which if inadTcrtently bestowed upon 
it by the historian. 

In p. 173 it is mentioned that, on 
the expedition of Edward Baliol in 
1314, Edward the Third "prohibited 
the disinherited Barons entering Scot- 
land b^ the land frontier, but connived 
at their embarking at the obscure sea- 
port of llavenshire, near the mouth of 
the Humber." This obscure sea-port, 
now lost in the waves, was situated, as 
the historian says, quite at the mouth 
of the Humber, whilst the present 

Seat port of that river, Kington upon 
ull, is about fifteen miles inland. It 
is the same at which Henry of Lan- 
caster and Edward of York each land- 
ed on their successful invasions, and 
is therefore highly memorable in Ens- 
lish history. The chroniclers generally 
call it Ravenspors, under which name 
it occurs more than once in Shaks- 
peare. Its still older appellation is 
Ravenser, from which comes the in- 
correct " jAirc " of Sir Waller Scott; 
but perhaps the best modern ortho- 
graphy is Ravenspnrne, the adjacent 
point of land bemg still called the 

The writer of the History of Mari- 
time and Inland Discovery questions 
the truth of the opinion generally 
adopted bv historians, that by the term 
Castiteriaes the ancients meant the 
Scilly Isles and Cornwall, then sup- 
posed to be an island. 

"The Grsek nsne for tin fcMnUroO 
wu derived, it has been supposed, from she 
Phcraioiaot, who oricinsUy usurped the 
whole tr»da of the Meditemnetn. It is 
not of importance to controvert thb opi- 
nion, whicD, however, evidently rests on the 
erroneous supposition that the word Kasdira 
was a primary and original term of the Phoe- 
nician langlu^;e. The name Cassiterides 
(tin islands) is evidently but an epithet, im- 
plying the want of particular acquaintance 
with the countries thus vaguely denomi- 
nated. But, as geographers feel peculiar 
pleasure in fixing the position of every wan- 
dering name, the title of tin islands was in- 
considerately bestowed by Greek and Roman 
writers, at one time on real islands in which 
there was no tin, at another on imaginary 
islands near the coasts abounding in (hat 
metal. Almost all these accounts refer the 

* See " Ocellura Proroontorium ; with 
Historic Facts relative to the Sea-port and 
Market- town of Ravenspurno, by Thomas 
Tliompson, esq. F.S.A." 8vo, 1899. 

Cassiterides to the eoess of Spam. Son^ 
writers place them many days sail in the 
Western Ocean j others, nearly opposite XB 
Gminna j but they are never roentkmad by 
ancient aathori (with a single exceptMo} 
with respect to their distance from the const 
of Hritain ; a cirennstaace which« to those 
acquainted with the ancient system of navi* 

Stion, must be a convincing argument that 
e Cassiterides were not the Sdlly Islands* 
Ciesar and Tacitus, though they mention 
the gold, silfer, iron, and pearb of Britain^ 
take hardly any notice of its tin mines. 
Pliny, moreover, after discussing all the ae* 
counts relating to the Cassiterides, eoodndes 
that these islands had but a &bulou8 exist* 
ence, and observes, that in his time tin was 
brought from Galicia." 

Against this it may be confidently af« 
firmed that, without adoptingBochart's 
conjecture, that the term Dritanmc is de* 
rived from the Hebrew BaruianaCf ot 
the land of tin ; or Mr. Turner's ooa« 
jecture, that it might rather come from 
the Arabic Bakrai Anuk, the conntrr 
of tin ; the circumstances mentioned 
by Strabo and other ancient writers of 
tne Cassiterides, apply only to the Bri« 
tish isles. They were ten in number ; 
the largest was called 5t7fi/a or Sig' 
delis (hence Scilly). They possessed 
tin and lead mines, which no othef 
island in the same track of the ancient 
navieators had ; they were opposite to 
the Aslabri (Galicia/ in Spain) with m 
bend to the north from them; they 
looked towards Celtiberia ; the sea was 
much broader between them and Spain 
than between them and Britain ; and 
they lay in the great Iberian Sea ; all 
which circumstances apply only and 
entirely to the Scilly Isles. 

Pliny does not, as the writer infers^ 
proclaim the fabulousness of the Cassi* 
terides, but his ignorance of their posi- 
tive locality. He tells that the first 
Phenician navigator who plumbum ea 
Cassiteride insula primus apparlaviip 
was one Midacritus. (See his Hist. 
Nut. lib. vii. c. 37, and Camden's Bri« 

Satan, a Poem, By Robert Montgomery. 
limo, pp,39l» Maunder. 

OF the previous volumes of Robert 
Montgomery wc have spoken in very 
favourable terms. In delivering our 
opinions, we have neither followed 
the current of extravagant praise, nor 
have we interposed between him and. 
a certain portion of the press, the sever 
rity of whose criticism seems to par- 

Review. — Montgomery's Satan, a Poem. 

t the character of penonal hm- underslood ai lo be (up|>09c<l lo recom- 

lilnjr nthrr ih^ii of fair anil liberal mend the ofTciiiive pun of ilie alicrni- 

ducmian. Judging for ourteivcs, we live i but, in thorl, a Sslanic soliloniiy 

iluU DOW, as bvlore, oflei our unbias«- i* not in our opinion a ri'licitont sub- 

ol trntiuimU on ibc poem before ui, ject for a poem. Hariitg ihug disease* 

HuMibJcci, SI ivili have been »een by rd the liile aoinewhit loo fullv, we 

ihc tide, » SaUn i and if we miiy lo will proceed wilhoui furlher prelace to 

ipnk, the Satan of Mr. Monteomery'i l1>e poem itself. It is divided into 

iiM^natfOn, iTilher than the Evil Spl- three booki; in tlie (inl, Satan from 

ni of Holy VVritj or he may be de- anemini'noe descriliei the " kinedoma 

taibcd M the " Archangel ruined," at of ibc world and the glory of ibcn," 

the moment when, weeping over the and various ihougbls arise on the pust, 

miUiaiit "ami/ced of Heaven," the present, and the "locnme." In 

-W«A i»«,.™ with .igh. fouBd o-t '["'"^"d.'hcEvil.odeproceedlwi.h 

dwlr ••* ■■ "'* '^'""^ "' ' «"■"" *P""it ><> unfold 

'' the mytieriei of the human heart, and 

We Tcniember Lord Byron excutei atlcmpis an analysis of its occult and 

lh« blaspbemies of the apoiialc, in ihe eotnplicaled passions and eraoLions ; 

Cm ol Cain, and remarks, that he he shows who are his agents, and who 

not made the "Devil converse like hate been bis vicljrntj be describes tbe 

1 clergyman.'* Now herein we pre* Creation and ibc Fall, the Deluge, — 

wmena]' the difficulty of Mr. Mont- muses and luoralizei on Time and 

Srmery in his choice of this subject ^ Eternity, — descants on Redemption, — 

! was cither to makeSatan an incnn- and with a demon's belief, " trem-- 

tiiletit being, and talk " like a clergy- blin^'' as he " believes,'' confesses tbe 

maa," or he would have offended pious Crucified, telebraies the miracles, and 

t*tt, by putting into the mouth of the admits the omnipotence of Trulh. 
ddIj tpeakcr he has introduced such In the third book, we bnd the 

barege a* the " fDlher of lies,'' and Tempter on dangerous ground, — Bng- 

'^~ if«h blasphetner, mtiy be supposed land is the subject of hia speculations. 

— *v«tt«ed. It is evident that his aud it were well \S Enaland would be 

t would recoil (mm such a admonished when the Devil speaks co 

iCi he has thcierore preferred muny alarming trutbs. Tbe topics are 

_^__« antiable course, and by so too various and discursive foranalvsis; 

»■!>*« bllcn into many iiicnnsia- but the more prominent vices of tbo 

let; \n fact, there is a perpetual " chartered clime of Heaven," are de- 
ihifting between the poet and the imn- nounced with a severity which, beg. 
liiuty being he hascreated,— we would ging hi* Saunic majesty's pardon, is not 
be uodersLood to speak in a very re- a little ungrateful, seeing that the har- 
ttrietrd *cii>e ; and frequently, instead vest ii hii men. But we would desire 
of that natural esullation which the to be grave on a serious theme, and wc 
"prince of tbe power of tbe air'' most readily admit that, saving a cer- 
would exhibit in witnessing the va- lain want of congruity between the 
rious inutumcnisorhis warfareagaiust aueaker and his subject, the \voem 
God and man, successfully engugcd in abouiidsin passages of beauty and sub- 
hit MitTice, he reasons with almost a liniily, which have few parallels jtt 
■eraph'* pity on the vices and crimes modern times. The mind of Mr. 
b« which his own dominion is upheld. Montgomery is in a bealihy slate, hia 
W« hate uo objection that the Devil con tern pint ions are as soundas they arc 
slMold be a port, *nd that he should decpand |x>etical, his fancy is as grace- 
tpeak the tinguage of his craft. We ful as it is vigotout, and tender as it is 

!|iiarret not with him for his taste and elevated. He has treated a dilTicult 
reling ; all the^e are bis legitimate subject, requiring the brilliancy of an 
wapoTw; but we cannot reconcile to ardent imagiuatiou to be kept in con- 
out ideai of good keeping the noiion atant check and control by a severity 
of oor "adtcrsary going about like a of judgment, with a feeling that does 
fOsiItiKlioti seeking whom he mayde- honour lo his genius, and a taste that 
■%iid the Satan of Mr. Mooigo- reflects credit on the sonndnesi of hit 



rebuking sin, arguing against ptinciplesand thegoodnessofhisbeait. 
•^ - '■' the Bell ' ' ""' '" * iv-j -.• 

_ _.. „ . _ . _ _)eLebub The folbwlug extracts 

of tlic Jews, "tlividnl against bini- factory evidence uf tlie justice of 
-"" Yu lie It from us 10 be so inii- praise. 



Rbvikw.— Montgomery*! Saian, a Poem. 


Satan has alifthted in the darkness 
of a storm on the spot where the Sa- 
viour of the world was tempted by, and 
withstood him. The tempest subsides, 
and then follows this beautiful descrip- 
tion of the new-born day t 

**The tempest diet, the winds have tuned 

their ire, 
The sea-birda hoTer on enchanted wing ; 
And, ieve a throb of thunder, fiuntlj heard, 
And ebbing knell-like o'er yon western deep. 
That now lies panting with a wearj swell. 
Like a worn monster at his giant length 
Gasping, with foam upon his troubled mane. 
No sound of elemental wrath is heard ; 
llie Sun is up! look, where he proudly 

In blazing triumph wheeling u'er the earth, 
A victor m full gloir ! At his gaze 
The heavens magnincently smile, and beam 
With many a sailing cloud-isle sprinkled o'er. 
In sumptuous array. Yes, land, aud air 
Whose winged fulness f^shens tree and 

flower, [skies ! 

Own thee, thon shining Monarch of the 
Now hills are glaring, rich the mountains 

glow, [p«ur. 

The streams run gladness, yellow meads ap- 
And palm-woods glitter on Judea's plain ; 
Beauty and brightness shed tlieir soul abroad i 
Then waken. Spirit, whom no space can 

And with thy vision let me span the world." 

P. 94. 

There is a ^eat power in Satan's 
description of himself, and of his mys- 
terious influence over the world : 

" Ere man was fashion'd from his fellow dost, 
I was, — and since the sound of human voice 
Has echoed in the air, my darksome power 
Hath compass'd him in mystery, and in 

might : 
Upon the soul of sage Philosophy 
And Wisdom, templed in the shrines of old. 
Faint shadows of my being fell i a sense 
Of me thus deepen d through the onward 

Of ages, till substantial thought it grew ; 
A certainty sublime, in that great soul. 
The epic God of ancient song, who down 
The infinite abyss could dare to gaze, 
And show imagination shapes of Hell ! 
And in that Book, where Heaven lies half 

Bv words terrific as the herald flash 
liiat hints the lightning-vengeance of the 

Am / not vision'd ? — as the Prince of Air, 
A Spirit that would crush the Universe, 
And battle with eternity !" P. 85. 

The introduction of Napoleon is not 
in the author's usual good taste, nor 
can we refuse a smile when we re- 
member who the speaker is who reasons 

on the *' splendid infamy of war," und 
celebrates the glories of an undyine 
fame won by the great and gooo. 
Throughout the whole of this passage 
it is erident that the poet is the speaker. 
The sentiments are those of a virtuous 
mind in its abhorrence of guilt — it is 
not the soliloquy of one whose prin- 
ciple is that of utfer and essenfial evil, 
yet constrained by the mere force of 
truth to do homage to the virtue he 
hates. The poem has too much of 
this inconeruity. What can be finer 
than the following lines, depicting the 
feelings of Culumbus on his first dis- 
covery of America, and yet in whose 
mouth can ihey be more inappropriate 
than Satan*s? After describing the 
ocean wanderers, amidst the doubt and 
distraction of their perilous enterprise 
hymning their Ave-Marias, he says, 
with enthnsiasm (p. 66), 

** But he was destined ; and his lightabg 

Shot o*er the deep, and darted on thy worldy 
America. — ^Then mighty, long, and loud. 
From swelling hearts the Haaeh{jahs rangf 
And charm 'd to music the Atlantic gales i 
While, silent as the Son above htm tnronedp 
Columbus looked a rapture to the skies, 
And gave his glory to the God of Heaven." 

But we have yet two Books before 
us, and our space is limited. We can 
only admire, on passing, the beantifbl 
description of Egypt, Helvetia, France, 
and the Island Queen. 

On the Second Book we would fain 
linger, but we can give hot two quota- 
tions. Our female readers will be elad 
to know what the Tempter of Man<- 
kind thinks of them, and how glow- 
ingly he praises what he cannot enjoy. 

'' And thou. 
The star of home, who in thy gentleness 
On the harsh nature of usurping man 
Benign enchantment canst so deeply smile,— 
Soft as a dew-frll from the brow of eve. 
Or moonlight shedding beautyl on tht 

storm, — [ing heart. 

Woman ! when love has wreck'd thy tmst- 
What port remains to shelter thee !— too 

Too delicately true, thy nature is. 
Save for the heart's idolatry ; and then. 
Thy love is oft a light to virtue's path.' 
It dawns, — and witaring passions die away. 
Low raptures &de, pure feelings blossom 

And that which Wisdom's philosophic beam 
Could never from the wintry heart awake. 
By love is imiled into celestial birth ! 
Thus love is Wisddm with a sweeter name. 
But such is not for me !— I cauiot lovei 

1830.] B«vi*w. — Montgomery's Sutan, a Poem. 

tt'riiJiiiic nj ipiiit Qn > luk of 6tt." So geatJa ind m glowlQe thai 

" ■"' \ndh«.ei' ■ - ' 

Of cvc, tliil drMn iniund ihrlidf log lUD, — 

Id ibeli f.: 
By d.^. » 

P. lai. And Imieul; ii 

The WIoBine i" rigoroui and cha. lo iheiifon-l lighlloin.tklli««'ri>ii.JDg,cli]r 

- .; By d*j, >nlh » w«mi »tiiioi|>herB of lurs 

"■n..««t'ih.oio,iom.iti«E.iio™= whT,:^?^.t;'^™t^v.TS;;*:^'d. 

TW r.lgD » .l-me ; mj Kidgdom i. below, ^h mlod .hmo. fgrlb in »ord. lJ t.^Mr 

Ob (Mtn. U Ihid* tu lucctmr tad uloin ' (qubJ 

tU «ol, Uirnugh Him lh« mMr»di:.g t1im.I1 th« mmicof ihymuihood 

d the lioui. 

Lv minhood bringi. — 


Ir-iioa Md h« hop.!.— lo mile tl>™ tell. ij°j ,bln^"".J,'ild"!Irk"«"LJi<.i !" 

" Tlica roll ch« en, ibou blgb ud P. 3 It. 

.. l-"|f Jf """,■ . , B„i w. most conch*. When »c 

Ml bT^T .ua« b'-lelu. th, .«« bnd 'h.rk of iheyDmhofMr. Momgomcry. 

Id(*rmbiln.i(7,thjfluod..ndwbd. *? ■'*?'l ^"'™<' »' '^e I'eiglH to 

A. poWBi, Hid ihj fotdins element. winch hii f(enm« anJ ulenta Imve 

AtTWt in theirereMWerugeofpottfr, (ai«rd hiin. Tticrc is ai igout uf mind, 

AiMefawdnllluveenrbetn : hmld tbrnin, anrl amaturiljor ihoughl and intellect 

An) empitw, heip tlie oinUDMiD of 1I7 —a moral darinK united to ihe titieit 

cilnH, perception of all ihit is refined mid 

Bta*UD(m>ib(ir,ii»ear ounhleuitill,— delicate in tasle, exciting at once ouc 

Vet 1 MB wiih iLetl tod axy power ihill snrpriic and adtniralion. Bui above 

'*'£> all, he has consecrated the cifii and 

Ualil tlx Uumpet of ilij doom be hwd, _„cp, ofayouthful mind to the service 

TW. w™. .w-h d. «ul il,, be...n. no ^^f R.iigi„n_he has placed his rare la- 

™iI,o«b.m*Mlm..»elt'rii,gm«. '';'*. """'e altar of pie.y_a»d the 

0f(«,,arlng««»7,Id: 2?""'8. ^" ^"^ "'"''7 «-'->"'fi^J. 

Asd III... Tb; ItUJeo lighfnlng. u. -n- T'i"e is no remorse laitf 0|. for hi. 

.hMrth-3. aflcr-life, he hascorrupied no prmaple, 

OGod- Uw(hii»dei,ofDeif*ir.h.llrolli he lins undcriiuiicd no viriue. He has 

MiuhonTbCDOie, ■ndlMawreckdafsll, "drawn empyreal air.' His laurels 

AU.aHEtenily.vadlAariimiiie." F.304. arc unstained — lun;; mlj he wear them 

The third Book is pcrhapsin a more —and may the path of his honourable 

loTtyitniin of satire liian Ihe preceding, umbiiioo be cheered by the consolatory 

HetedieEiilOnecomeinMrerhome, thought, iliai the means which hi« 

and deals on us much blttemcM. Wc poeins have afforded him of pursuing 

e»fl afford but one extract, and we "." studies, are unconnected with a 

Ceter ■ passage of tenderness and sitiple compromise for which hi« man- 

auty, to the iirnrrul strain «f invcc- hood will have cause to blush ; and 

tive which i^rvadcs the demon's re- 'bat while reaping the perishable 

Aeciionson England. harvest of gam, he hu gathered the 

*- Hw lo! . .isioB f«r a. hacy see.. "1°" ""f*"""-? '"^ substantial rewardi 

B«id. xh. d«p. e«b™-d .iib be.i.i«m °[ " ""'cis"" void of offence, and 

„„f, (he approbation of the wise and good- 
Ai inlkat slanda, ind tiews the living sHa ♦ 

OfUaiBneuiiy, wish lii>i sptrt Ltelura ouSeulpluri, By Jobo Fliimu, 
Lb* ■ cUft lot hung tsdiui in the iud,— Ei^. R.A. Pm/aiar oj Sculplun in ihe 

Hash'd into iveatnt wODiter. How divine Rmjat Academy ofGrtat Britain. Soual 

"nMisfincrnMofCbiidhaad! Did it bloom Bw. PlaUt. .^.339. 

^"•"•^^J^-'^^ ''" ""'''■'"e """ "' " PHOXIMUS sum egomet mihi," 

H««^aii8els,.ndinyre.lmde.troy-d> Ot " Charity besiw at home/'i. 

WUh •}« -i™. bluene.. i- . .un,a.e. = "•)' reasonable ad.gc On mauy 

j|„,ea, • occa*ioni, and may, we ihink, be vr — 

4ad rifstki wheiB ebetnbim migbt print ■ ""i'ably adopted on the present oci 

kH*, [form cion, especially as Mr. Flaxmau has 

A^ fcsctwcd bir as moonlll mow.— thy cliOicn for the subject of his Hilt fee 

Mi^bBaasndltd io iheiwy clouds lore "Hiiglith Sculplure." VJt tllMQ,^ 


Rbvisw.— -Flaxman's LecUurti on Sculpiurt* 


therefore make the subttaiioe of this 
lectore our first article, and add some 

Mr. Flaxmao commeoces with the 
BritonSy who, he presumes, had no 
sculpture at all before the lioman 
times, and then of very bad execution, 
by inferior Italian artists. He adduces 
some bronze casts, bad copies of good 
Roman works, and says, from a pas- 
sage in Speed, that tne Brilons cast 
magnificent statues in bronze for two 
hundred years after the departure of the 
Romans. (P. 7—9) 

That the Britons carved monstrous 
idols in stone, is evident from Geldas, 
who calls them " pene numero vin- 
centia JEgyptiaca, auornm nonnolla 
lineamentis ad hue deform ibus intra vel 
extra deserta moenia solitomore teffitk" 
tia, torvis vultibus iutuemur" (XV. 
Scriptor. S.) Now we do not recollect 
that any Penates or Lares have been 
found in Celiic barrows, and have read 
that the Cells abhorred any represen- 
tations of their gods in the numan 
form. It is certain, too, that the figures 
of the Druids engraved in Montfaucon 
and Borlase have no other deformity 
than rudeness of execution i and the 
scroll-work on the ancient crosses is, 
though in fantastic taste, not badly 
worked. As these are affairs only of 
curiosity, not of skill, we shall dismiss 
them with this cursory observation. 

The fine fragments of good taste of 
pottery, Mr. Flaxman pronounces 
importations from Italy, because, he 
tays, counterparts from similar moulds 
are found in that couutry. P. 10. 

Concerning the tesselated pavements 
•o frequently discovered, Mr. Flaxman 
thus spoke : 

** In most of the Roomd mosaics found 
in Britain, the prinoipal object of the de- 
sign is a fiscchot, or an Orpheiis playing 
on his Ivre. Those mosaics with the B&cchus 
an of tiM belt datign and workmanihip, for 
which this reason may be giren — that the 
Bacchus Musagetes was frequently intro- 
duced before the time of Alexander Sevcrus, 
hi sarcophagi and other works, that divinity 
beina much liked by the Romans, as patron 
of the drama ; consequently those mosaics 
are likely to have been done in the course 
of 170 years, between the reign of Domi- 
tian, wnen the Britons adopt^ the build- 
ings and decorations of the Romans, and 
(ha joar 840, when the Orphic philosophy 
Sj^read its influence in the Roman empire. 
From this period to the year 336, the re- 
presentations of Orpheus may be dated, 
al^r which time they were succeeded by 
Christum characters and symbols/' P. 1 0. 

To this passage we deoior. We 
know of an Apollo and Hercules called 
Musagetes, but of no Bacchus. It is 
true that Marcus Aureliiu and Alex- 
ander Severus did both hold Orpheus 
in the highest honour x and it is pos« 
sible that the figure of^ that father of 
fiddles,* for the centre of pavementi, 
was very fashionable in tne time of 
those Emperors; but the mythologists 
say that tne musicians introduced the 
worship of Bacchus, and that the Or- 
pheii were connected with the latter. 
The hypothesis of Mr. Flaxman has 
therefore a very slippery foundation. 

From the third to the fifth cen- 
tury, says Maillott, *' sculpture, to 
which we are indebted for the moat 
precious connaitsancet of antiquity, has 
barely Itti us some gross and shapeless 
sutues, ill calculated to illustrate the 
study of history*' (Costumes et Usages, 
vol. iii. p. 2.) I and according to the 
coins of Merovec and Childeric, the 
imitation of the Roman style of that 
sera is palpable. (Idem, pi. i.) Fa- 
shions in the whole middle aee tra- 
velled from Italy to France, and from 
thence to England. Mr. Flaxman 
therefore very correctly observes, that 
the heads of the Saxon kings upon 
their coins were borrowed from those 
of Dioclesian, &c. upon the Roman 
money (p. 10). Their sculpture, he 
says (p. 11, IS), was horrible and bur^ 
lesque. But there are exceptions. The 
discovery of the coffin of Saint Cutb* 
bert has given us some carved figures 
from which we may determine the 
style. The drawing is exceedingly 
bad, fit only for schoolboys (see Raine'a 
St. Cuthbert, pi. iv. &c.) There are 
other sculptures, especiallv of scrolls 
and dragons; but we know from 
Olaus Wormius, that the northern 
nations annexed an allegorical mean- 
ing to monsters, and that they were in 
many instances similar to the " armes 
parlantes'* of heraldry, and rebuses 
upon names. Mr. Raine, speaking of 
Cfuthbert's coffin (p. IQO), says, that 
"a sharp pointed knife, or some such 
instrument, certainly not a cAite/, and 
a scrieve, or goodge, were evidently 
used.'' How sculpture in stone, un- 
der the desideratum of a chisel, could 
be executed, we know not. 

Concerning sepulchral figures Mr. 
Flaxman says : 

* Fiddles are only lyres with a neck, played 
by a bow instead of a plectrum. — Rav. 


R sr iBW.<— FUxman's 

" In the beg'iDiuif of tin tinli ttatury, 
*Ihb Ac Frasb and GBnuni bcgu u 
MoLlUK UbcmMlrei la Gmuli thej buried 
llitii iintraigu in plwn ttoat coffiiu. witk- 

arJt«(li«D>lotb«»1iublei. Id ths niga 
■f CluriinHCB*! "'■« "'" eonMmponrj 
•ilh OM king Edgw, t'le French begBn ID 
B the DUDiila of their tnmbi with 

No Anglo-Saxon Mpnlcliral eRigle» 
is Imown, bul, 

" InuDcdotelT tFlf I th* NnimAa coaqunat 
tgati of tlie deemed Here isried in bu 
mW OB iTi'ir gmetliioet, eMmpVi o? 
^ieh MY be weo in ihe claiiWrj of Wei[- 
BiKUr Abbe^, lepreieoting two ihbou of 

I Oi»> 


Orcoorte (hoe were not porirai 
nhich. aceofding lo Mr-GouRh, 


itioiencc 111! after ihe ihi 
ctntuty. Mr. Flaxmaii piocecdi: 

'■Tlic enuadcn introduced the rich fn 
tiuc in MthiteclorB nud tCHue) igilnit ib 
c«luiiiai, u "' God U the weal door t 
R.«iiert« cMhedml, built in the reiga t 
Hwij I." P. I*, 
lie Ihen addi, in cxpUnalion t 
■■ Th. eunon. of »»ing • figow uf tl. 
/Mwrnm^A in b» reliiif oa tlie loinli Hen 
B beta brought from Frai 

-bBT* i 

I to h>V. 

lias of tba Rain*Di 
eelamu alight tlto be e^i 
IS thni cmuitrT, ' -^'-''■ 


BmUj dntorn a* m«y lie the human 
fi|iue, when in nuiliiy. (he drapery, 
tlmngh iliff aud Uately, ii coiiimonty 

Hf. Fbkoian. proeeeJing lo the 
ibiftecnLh crniuiy, pariiculariM) the 
ipirn a> Weill cathedciil, built in 
IMS. which he conceives were »en)p- 
lured by l^ngiiihnien, bccaute the >i^le 
n dtHaeoi from the coevitl lulian 
(p.l<VI7}. TbeieaTowell reprewnted 
in Canct * -* Ancient Sculpture," tic. 

■a'eaindUuptll'eCI, he ihnt explains: 
•■1lNn**tt oellher prinli nur/irinMj 

Ltcltira on Sculpture. 47 

booiit to iMiit tha artiic Th« iculptoT 
coatd not be iniiructed m uitomr, for 
than were no anUomiiti. A tmill tno». 
ledge nf geometry and njeclinnici •« m- 
cluiinly confined to two or three leamed 
monlu, uid the principtn of thoiE icieacci, 
■B applied to the figurs and muiioo of mta 

TherBfore theu wi.tls •rere nBceuaril; ill- 

of the sculptu™ is rude and leiere; yet ia 
parte there ii ■ beautifid limplicitj and Irre- 
tiatible nntlmeDt, and laautiniei a grace 
eiceedlng more modem prodoctjoiu/* 

We cordially agree wiih this euloey, 
for we are lure that the Greek chiiel 
never produced two finer prwlraie 
figures than thote of the Crusaders in 
ihe twelfth century, engraved bv Slrutt 
(DrcMei pi. xIt. xHl). e^mplei 
which appear lo have been uuknown 
to Mr. FUxman. They are carved in 
wiiod, and are justly called by Slfuu 
" admirable."' P. in, 

Mr. Dallaway, the late editor of 
Walpole on Painting (i. 35), sayi, that 
ihe slatiie of Eleanor Qgccn of lidw. I. 
is said 10 have been modelled from her 

fersrin after death, probably bv an 
lalian tculplor, and that itie effigiei 
wailheprotaLypeofnumciou* image* 
of the Virgin Maty for a century after- 
wardi. Kir. FLixinan is likewise of 
opinion, that the Queen's efEgiei wai 
Italian work, Lecaute the tomb and 
sepulchral statue of Henry III. weie 
executed by artists of that nation, and 
the figure partakes of the eh a racier and 
grace particularly cullivaled in the 
school of Pisano, the great (csiorcr of 

xman finds the foliage and 
iculpture of ihe time of Ed- 
'aid in. surprising for beauty and 
id rejoices that the sculptors 
employed tu St. Stephen's chapel were 
Etiglishnien (p. 18). He ihow* the 
beautiei of the age in the following 



1b Valen* 

Earl of FembCDke, and ^m. Ciouchhu:ki 
in Weitm i niter AbbcT, ars ipeclmeni of tlie 
magniliceDCe of lueh norki in the age wo 
bib ipeaking of. The luflitieu of the work, 
tliBDiimlierofju'cheiiuidpiariatlci, theligbt- 
DFM I'ftheipirei, IherichnEtland ptofuiioa 
of fiiliige and nrocketi, the lolemn repose 
of the principal iialue, repreieuting tha 
deeeaisd In hii lait prajer fur mercj tn the 
throne of grace, the detieac)' of tlioiwht in 
iha group of iDgrli hearing the loal, and 
(he tendai seDilmsatt of coneem vuiout\f 
npreased In tha relaliuti* luigtd \a otiu 


RtYttw.^^Memoin of Simon Bolwar, 


Toond tbt baMineDtt forcibly «rrett the 
attention y «nd carry the thoughts not only 
to other ages hot to other states of exbt- 
•ttce." P. 90. 

We refer our readers to the figures 
of the two angels in Carter's Glou- 
cester Cathedral, published by the So- 
ciety of Antiquaries, in proof that this 
eulogy is not too enthusiastic. 

Mr. Flaxman then proceeds to the 
filleenih century, and fixes upon as 
fine specinnens, the statue of Hen. VI. 
holding the sceptre tn both hii hands, 
at All Souls' College, Oxford ; the 
Coronation of Henry V. at Wesmin- 
ster Abbey, and the monument of 
liichard Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, 
at Warwick. Of the former he says : 

'* The sculpture is bold and character- 
istic, the equestrian group is furious and 
warlike, the standing figures have a natural 
sentiment in their scticos, and simple gran- 
deur in their draperies, such as we admire 
in the paintings of Raphael or Massacio." 
P. 29. 

Of the latter, done by William Aus- 
tin, of London, 

*' The ficures are so natural and grace- 
ful, the architecture so rich and delicate, 
that they are excelled by nothing done in 
Italy of the ssme kind at this time, although 
Donatello and Ohiberti were living when 
this tomb was executed in the year 1489." 
P. 99. 

We shall now make the following 
extract concerning Henry the Seventh's 
Chapel, and the extinction of our me- 
diaeval sculpture: 

'< The building of all others most intended 
for a receptacle and displav of sculpture, 
was Henry the Seventh's chspel, at West- 
minster. It is founded on good presump- 
tion, that Torregiano was employed uo the 
tomb oalv, and had no concern with the 
building or the statues with which it is em- 
bellished. The structure appesrs to have 
been finished, or nearly so, before Torregi- 
ano l»egan the tomb, and there is reason to 
think tlist lie did not stay in this country 
more than six years, which time would be 
nearly, if not quite, taken up in the execu- 
tion of the tomb and some other stAtues 
about it now destroyed, together with the 
rich pedestals and enclosure. The archi- 
tecture of the tomb has a mixture of Romsn 
arches and decoration very different from 
the arches of the chspel, which are all 
pointed. The figures of the tomb have a 
better proportion, and drawing, than those 
of the chapel, but the figures of the chapel 
are very superior in noble simplicity and 
gca ndeur of character and draperv. 

" After the observations ou this building 

we matt take a long faraweU of sueh noble 
and magnificent effects of art, in raithig 
which the intention of our ancestors was to 
add a solemnity to religions worship, to 
impress on the mmd those Tirtoes which 
adorn and exalt humanity.'* P. 95. 

Such IS the substance of Mr. Flax« 
man's first lecture. The subject is 
treated in detail in Garter's elaborate 
work. The fact is, that people treat 
medieval sculpture in reference to the 
Grecian, which regards only the ho* 
man figure in nudity, and is as difleN 
ent from the Gothic as calligraphic 

E!nmanship is from the black-letter, 
oth the design and the taste were 
toto ccelo distinct. The display of 
breasts, legs, and arms, was not sought 
in the latter. The one object was the 
human figure deified ; the other ex- 
cluded perfection of person, and con- 
sidered only religious effect in the cha- 
racter and attitude; and that both 
admirably succeeded in their respective 
styles, is beyond question. 

(To be continued,) 

Memoirs (if Simon BoUvar, President Liber- 
ator qf the Republic qf Colombia ; and qf 
his principal Generals ; comprising a se- 
cret histxny of the RetfohUion, and the 
events which preceded it fiom 1807 to the 
present time. By Gen, H. S. V. Dacon- 
dray Holstein, ex-Chirf tf the Staff qf 
the President Liberator, In two vote, 

THE only means of retaining dis- 
tant colonies in obedience, are the 
exercise of virtue in the Governon, 
and advantages resulting from the con- 
nection. Our success in India has 
been owing to such conduct; it has 
conferred upon the people benefits un- 
known unoer the despotism of their 
native princes. Instead of acting with 
similar policy, the S|>aniards made 
slaves of the people of Sooth America, 
and of the country, a golden apple of 
the Hesperides, of which they ex- 
tracted the sweet juice. As soon as 
the parent country was irrecoverably, 
according to appearance, struggling 
under the constrictions of the French 
Boa, the auriferous colony seised the 
opportunity of proclaiming its inde- 
pendence. This was the first step. 

It has generally been supposed by 
our countrymen, that South America 
is another Paradise, in the state of 
Eden before the fall, and its natives, 
noble-minded Greeks and Romans, 
combating for liberty. The truth. 


Kbvibw.— Afemotn of Simon Bolivar. 


ihai r<ne toritorie* are onljr 
i irnie, where ihcre esi>t not tnofalt, 
inil the arti appcniltnt In ciiilimlinn, 
(nd where the nalivr* are (letni-M»age». 
The counlrj hai not eten arrived at 
thil 6rtt phyiical token of ciriliz.iiion, 

isihiDnehaui it,i 

l«}; rd»»r>on >• cither tolaWy i 

^Iccud, or cxlrcmclj ffcfcclive ; a^^i 

coiiare (ibough the toil cdh produc 

jrnly loo haricsu) i* in the lame k>w horKi, but 

tiau milk rany nlAer laurct at |)rnfil 

itrcamrnn (p. 33); ami if, bj fieneral 

HolMcia Myi, the Colombiaiii arc at 

Intt tlO yean behind ihe United 

iiUMaiii the tcience of government (p. 

IS), we think that the diitunee be- 

iwetli (he ColonibianB and oursrlvra 

(iiM be cvnviderably greaier; indeed 

iimnnittrable, if knowledge and re- 

wuron ateconneeied v> i(h >ach (clence. 

At to ihc warfare between Ihe con- 

irmliiii; parlies, ii doe« not rewinhte 

thii of cmliied Europe, nor even the 

iuipriired fnrni of isvajienns which 

duiingni^es Turkey, but that of tribes 

of India na. sen I pi nz and torturing. 

Tbe homk before ui shows, that if the 

tutbor hai •xaggerated, we have not. 

BotiTir, according i ' ' 
ii nthet in be deemed 

ney-G«neraI (for hi» ivliole condtKI m 
that of a clerer l.ivrrer) adnpled ihe 
lame palriarehisms as" the |jauper, and 
did not marry again. It would be 
imiiossible for ui to stale in detail, 
with whaiconjummaieciafihc bobbed 
in and out, ai in office, until, hla 
enetniea and rivals having been re- 
moved out of hii ivuy bycircnmtuncM, 
be was in IBI3 nuininuled Dictator, 
and triumphantly enicred Ciiracas, in 
Kotnan consul A r car, drawn, not by 

Illy by 

twelve Edb young Wiei, very elcpmilly 

dreiied io white, adorned with ilic nuiiuDal 

culoiin, uid «tl letecled fiom llie lirst fi- 

miiici io Curiicu. Tliey drea him, in 



We cannot nonce ii 
tin, which ought to be iiyled battle* 
not rorconi|iiesi, hut minder; and po- 
liiies, itnplyins not public good, but 
seltish agg rand izp men t. fotliinately, 
in point of the numbers engaged, cnch 
campaign, (wmpated wilh tnoie of Eu- 
rope, has been only, in Lord Thur- 
low'i phraie, 3 Biofin in a wash-!iond 


nifnl character of Boli 

imiutor of Napoleon, wilh about as that of o Krii-ri 

much real pieiensioos to ihe French eauseaeeording 

*l iiiagnlticenl lulmili, a) the t*'rng majority of 

of Eiop had to the bulk of the Oa. 
H« tia wiJg^led himself into powei 
by cunning ; in point of fact, he is noi 
a Uao, but a snake. He vvui born ai 
n»3, bein 
f Om. Ji 
J Ponlv, ■ militia Colonel, and a Mon- 
MiM, ot Caragu; 

r IS, in ouiopiniou. 
Attorney ; bul, be- 

ikind admire splendour. 


povrer, and fueccss, and are little ti 

flnenccd b* truth or ioip;>rtia1ily, the 
Dictator-Liberator has acquired a gfcul 
□ame. A strong desire in consequence 
ii fell, to know what sort of a n.^in he 
is. We shall therefore first obierve, 
thai to judge from the plate in vol. i. 
person hi^h-fure headed, dark 

(oeiling to the praraleni ctnlom he eye-browed, lenftihilynoied, and peak- 

ii 1794, sent for education 
!Cpatn, rioni whence he removed to 
Aiit, ai)d rrtuined in 1802 to Madrid. 
IWr*, « the age of nineteen, he mnr- 
twt a t»dy only sixieen. In I8O9 they 
mvnwil to CaraCM, and lived In a 
my wtirrd manner upon thel 
Miatei. Sliorily afterwards hi 
4ied witkixit liioe ; and a> we know a 
pilish pauper, whii when ceniured by 
ih* Mii>)tiMruic for illicit eonnesions, 
■fll, that he iircfened concubines to 
•ncf, tad pleaded the example of 
Atmhan, w> duet it appear <i. ISG) 
*M thia fiiililary Aliurnry. ot Atior- 
Quit, n ID. Jotliary, 1 130. 

^ly chinuetl, well made, bul, accord- 
ing to the prioti aoniewhat kuoek- 
koeed. Whatever his enemies may 
say, his countenance indicates strong 

General Holslein, who certainly is 
rge not an honest chroniclrr, like Grif- 
>(ly fiihs, for he ntnits all good qualities, 
thus tpeaksof him : 

« Gaaanl Beliiar occupiai hiimalf very 

Kttla io •ludjiag die miliuij an. Ha ub- 

• Du tlieory, and aaliloin nkt ■ 

ir haH> • 



Review.— -Aftfrnoiri of Simon Bolioar, 


iht concerns of the moment. I often en- 
denroured to bring him into Mrioos conver- 
sation on these 8ubjects> but he would itl- 
wnys interrupt me j * yes» yes, mon cher ami, 
I know that, it is very good ; bnt apropos' — 
and immediately turned the conversation 
upon some dliFereot subiect. 

'' His reading, which is very little, con- 
sists of light history and tales. He has no 
library, or collection of books, l>efitting his 
rank, and the place he has occupied for the 
last fifteen years. He is passionately fond 
of the sex, and has always two or three 
ladies, of whom one is the favourite mistress* 
who follow him wherever he goes. 

<* Dancing is an amusement of which he 
IS also passionately fond. Whenever he 
stays two or three days in a place, he gives 
a ball or two, at which he dances in his 
boots and spurs, and makes love to those 
ladies who happen to please him for the 
moment. Next to this amusement he likes 
his hammock, where he sits or lolls, con- 
versing or amusing himself with his fa- 
▼onrite mistress,' or other favourites, some 
of whom I have named in the course of thb 
work. During this time he is inaccessible 
to all others. The aid-de-camp on duty 
says to those who have important business 
to transact with him, ' His Excellency Is 
deeply engaged at present, and can see no 
one.* When he is out of humour, he swears 
like a common bully, and orders people out 
of his presence in the rudest and most vnlcar 
manner. From his habits of life, or rather 
from his love of pleasure, it happens that 
many matters of business are heaped to- 
gether, and left to his Secretary, as his de- 
cree of 8th March* 1 897, fixinc the Custom- 
house duties of Venezuela, wnich is attri- 
buted to Ravenga, and which has destroyed 
the commerce of the country. When he 
suddenly recollects some business, he calls 
his Secretary, and directs him to write tbe 
letter or the decree. This brings more to 
mind, and it often happens that in one day 
he hurries off the work of fifteen or twenty. 
In this manner it ofben happens, that de- 
creet made on the same day are in direct op- 
poslUon to each other. 

*' General Bolivar has adopted the habits 
and customs of the European Spaniards. 
He ukes his siesta (noon nsp) regularly, 
and eats his meals an the manners of the 
Spaniards. He goes to Uriulias (coteries), 
gives rejreseost and always dances the first 
minoet with the lady highest in rank in the 
company. This old Spanish custom is 
strictly observed throughout Colombia. 

** loasmnch as General Bolivar is the 
sport of circumstances. It is difficult to trace 
kis character. Bolivar, in success^ di£Fers 
■oC circumstantially alone from Bolivar in 
•dversi^ s be is quit* another man. When 
•aeeessnJ, ha is vain, haughty, ill-natured, 
violent i at the same time, the slightest cir- 
^mstaiices will so excite his jealousy of his 

authority, that he vrests, and sometimee 
condemns to capital punishment those wliom 
he suspects. Vet ne in a great measure 
conceals these fimlts, under the pollteaeu 
of 'a man educated in the so called beau 
monde, Tliey appear in his fits of passion, 
but not however unless he is sure of having 
the strength on his side, the bayonets at 
his command. When he finds himself in 
adversity, and destitute of aid from withoot, 
as he often did from 1818 to 1818, he is 
perfiBCtly free from passion and violeneo of 
temper. He then becomes mild, patient, 
docile, and even submissive. Thoee who 
have seen him in the ehanges of his fortune, 
will agree that I have not overcharged the 

The representations of an eiieoiy are 
distortions in caricature. Bolivar ia 
plainly not a hero, saint, or philo« 
sopher, but he is a capital managing 
fellow ; a finished man of the world, 
who has acquired the happy knack of 
disarming political ladfertity of much 
of its miscnief. He avoids irritation. 
Of bis attorney ism, tbe following ex« 
tracts give more than sufficient atUf sta- 

'< The predominant traits in the character 
of General Bolivar are, ambition, vanity, 
thirst for absolute undivided power, and 
profound dissimulation. He is more cun- 
ning, and understands mankind better than 
the mass of his countrymen; he adroitly 
turns every circumstance to his own ad- 
vantage, and spares nothing to gain those 
he thioks will he of present use to him. He 
is officious in rendering them little services ; 
he fiatters them, makes them brilliant pro- 
mises ; finds whatever they suggest very 
useful and important, and is ready to follow 
their advice. A third person suggests some- 
thing to him, or he meets with some unex- 
pected success — instantly he resumes his 
true character, and becomes vain, haaghl^, 
cross, and violent ; forgets all services and 
all obligations, speaks with contempt of 
those he had just courted, and if tliey are 
powerless abandons them, but always mani- 
fests a disposition to spare those wnom he 
knows able to resist him.*' ii. 236. 

All this shows that, if Bolivar be 
not an invincible General, what man- 
kind deem a demigod, he is at least a 
deep Machiavelian. The extract quoted 
showb only this, that he makes friends 
wherever and by what means he can, 
but crushes all who are likely to com- 
pete with, or to obstruct him. Philo- 
sophers know, that physical power 
alone (for nobody- envies a steam- 
engine) can overcome rivalry, and that 
selfishness in consequence becomes an 
affair of prudence. Enemies, or dan- 

R] Rbvisw. — Privale Memoin of the Couri of Louii XVlll. SI 

„ . , -t ntusl h»»e iheir claws 

rtit^cicd ; and nothing will elder am* 
biitODs nr rnfioin pen{>lc, but despair 
oftuccesi. Tlien they turn diuembting 

English people Me unfair Jiidgei. 
There ii nci now a philosopher in ihe 
u«uon. People ire split inio lories, 
tthip, r*dica1s, and fnnattcs. Abstract 

none;- vetting, faiiiioe-niaking pru- 
dence oT the nallon, is the only ining 

lent what remaint aS it < and the real 
political Machisvelism of this book is 
to (sTour the designs of ihe Americans 

a* 10 a future union of the iwo conli- _ . 

nentt. Now upon the principle at Polygani 
" diiFDotid cut ciismond," we should on the same sleni ; Tor I 
lieaitily rejoice if the Americans hud a French woman, man 
iwo powerful rivals, Colombia on one ally and morally] both a 
ikte, and Canada ou the oiher, because 
we ihoroujthly detest the unoaiural 
feelings, with respect to trade and com- 
merce, which she maaifesis towards the 
mother country . 

In the view of ttatcsmanship and 
histnry, this boob is a very important 
K-ople engaged in foreign lrad< 

husbands and wives are, as to ll 
conduct towards each other, mere I 
thers and sisters — not one hone and 
one flesli : There arc no more gre 
eyed liends in France than toads 
Ireland! There may be a knowledge 
woTihy of acquisition, as well as book- 
knowledge; viz. knowledge of human 
nature, in all its forms and shapes, aa 
applicable 10 this or that country. This 
hooV, for instance, is one which ii an 
exquisite specimen of Frcnch'tuu. It 
is perfect bolb in odour, florescence, 
anil frucii^caiion ! A L-innxan Ches- 
lerfidd would einisiry it ai one of 
' ' iiid female flow 


i (inlelleclu- 

we have only to observe, that the 
peonlcBrelhesiiffesiof Csiholics, who 
will oot give even waler lo dying Pro- 
iMtaDls (see i. p. 35) ; and that eaii»- 

ihucforc only destroy the trade, atid 
nsk tbtir lives to little or no purpose. 
Catholics, as they may learn from Ire- 
liiid, thoroughly despise ihem, and 
mhal can overcome contempt, hut 
noKMi addressed loselr-inleresti The 
kuowledge and arts of Europe will 
pBic the way for unlieisal civilization, 
and intercat will make toleration in- 
nitable. Such are our views, upon 
philosophical and political grouods ; 
Mid these grounds are simply, as many 
Durkets, and allieil nations, as is pos- 
liblc The present book we therefore 
neocnmend, as one from which all 
Ktff deiiie multifarious and valuable 

Without going further into French 
conjugal physiology, we shall come 
(O the wotli before us. No book, 
published within this century, abounds 
with more delightful interest, or gives 
such clear concepiioiis of French cha- 
racter generally, or of the leaden of the 
ItevolutLoa particularly. The writer 
is, inlir alia, a vain inlriguanlei but 
not leas able because she is vain. 
Louis XVIII. was a man of excelleni 
common sense, and superior tact (not 
3 mere gailmphiliil, as presumed] ; 
but quite an opposite character lo a 
military projcclor; ■ good man. not a 
hero — a Feneloii, nolaCxsar. He was 
a bishop appointed to govern a mad- 
house; and the lunatics soon got the 
upper band of him. Na|HiIeoii, in his 
wonderful policy, would not have left 
a man capable of opposing him and not 
n his interest: he had bought them 

oil. The dispositii 
menaced llleir ruin 
the ex-emperor w; 

cers, and ex-Bolrliei 
had only to suffer, 
were obliged to si; 
s mailer of trade ' 


and policy of Louii 
I and the return o 
\ the last hope of 
-marshals, ex-ofli- 
. The people, who 
vere passive. They 
ifile, and shuffiing 
'ilh a Frenclimsn. 

htmUMtrmirt o/lht CoutI o/Loui, XFlll. 
Bji A Lady, i noU. %vo. 
BYiLidv. Hem! What sort ofa 
Ii4yl A (.ouniess — a Venus! (we 
ban her own authority for so calling 
htf) Btul the Adonis l/tuts KVII) I 

life a game of skill. 

tempt moral and honourable character. 

'hol7s i^c 

's only his underuundinK. 
miy lo be the bi's' cha 


59 IUvi«vr.— Ff iw^f Mem<ar$ qfihi Qmrt ofLmtu XVllk [Jaa 

bills of fortune. He it, of courtf, 
withoat heart, and it insincere. Our 
authoress says of Talle^^rand, the first 
iutellectuulist of the nation : 

« He even boatted of havinff oaee nada 
M. dt TdleyrEnd tpe«k the truth ; but this 
appears so extraordinary that I can scarcely 
renturt to believe it." il 87, 88. 

Fouch^ is another incomparable fel- 
low ; and the fact is, that poor Louis 
did not know how ta trust one of 
them ; while Buonaparte knew that the 
affection of the army elevated him 
above their power, and that while he 
could feed them they were faithful ; but 
his |K>wer to do so ceasing, I hey ratted 
accordingly. Principle had nought to 
do with their actions. This conduct 
may be found eren among the country* 
men of Sir Robert Wal pole, who said, 
that " every man 'lad his price j*' but 
the difference is this : such renegades 
are detested and despised in Walpole's 
nation, but not in the other. The 
patriotism of France is estimated by 
mere services to the sute, in a military 
or civil view, by the calibre of skill in 
war or policy ; and the understanding 
capable of administration is the highest 
in the graduated scale. Our authoress 
OSes such a scale; and though Soult 
was second in command under Na* 
poleon at Waterloo, she nevertheless 
calls him one who had become a 
Hncere royalist, and was a man of in- 
tegrity, if. 33. 

Louts was, in the same style, a 
thorough Frenchman — a good and i 
well-meaning man, but who, never- 
theless, deemed duplicity no vice of 
heart. He wrote to his present Ma- 
jesty to acknowledge, in gratitude, 
" that, next to God, he was the bene- 
factor to whom he owed his throne ;" 
and he says to the Duke of Wellington, 
** that his birth, in the same year with 
Napoleon, was a counteracting pur- 
pose of Providence.'* Our authoress is 
angry that these declarations should be 
considered as any other than mere 
compliments — not grateful acknow- 
ledgments of essential services; and 
represents Louis an, iu private, insult- 
ing the Prince- Regent and all the 
Allies. Allowances are, however, to 
be made for the poor King : he could 
not appear un-frencA I and nature had 
made of them a caste superior to the 
rest of the human species — the beau 
ideal of our race— children of Adam 
born before the fall I 

Louis thought, that by giving them 
the charter, be had done all that was 
needful: but how was he to tatitfy 
Mridiert without war, ami functionariea 
without places ? There was a natioo 
on fire, and he was a water*engine 
sent to quench it. He was insufficient, 
and the Allies were bronadit up, as 
more engines, and succeeded. 

The book before us commits, how* 
ever, the greatest errors with regard lo 
the politics of this country and tbt 
Allies. The authoress charges them 
with the most impracticable, and, as 
such, insane projects ; vis. of dis* 
memberin^ and parcelling out France. 
The real mtention was merely that 
suggestion of Burke ; viz. that it was 
in vain to expect France to be quiet, 
until it was either subdued fc^ arms 
beyond hope of successful resistance, 
or ruined by exhaustion and devas- 
tation, like, in Burke*s figure, a dead 
horse in a field, skeletonis^ by beasts, 
birds, and insects. This, however, 
she^ could not understand; for our 
invincible Duke was a mere man of 
straw ; Blucher a savage ; the King 
of Prussia no better; the £mperor 
Alexander somewhat superior, because 
he was gallant to the kdies; and 
the poor Austrian Monarch a cipher, 
a mere honJtomme. Want of ncssd, 
or treachery on the French side, our 
authoress deems the sole cause of the 
success of these poor imbeciles ; md 
out of all her uobagged cats, as to 
foreign politics, there is only one that 
is probable ; viz. that the burnt child, 
tilt* Emperor of Austria, had made a 
secret treaty with Napoleon, which 
covenanted to join him if he won 
the first battle. Now, we think ttuit 
the direction of Napoleon's march to- 
wards Brussels, does imply such a pri- 
vate understanding with his father- in* 

We have too little space for much 
remark. The hook in our judgment, 
as we have before hinted, more than 
any that we have read, conveys the 
clearest idea of the state of France be- 
tween the first and second restorations 
of the old French monarchy ; of the 
then existing national feeling ; and of 
the great public characters; and we 
believe it to be substantially a most 
accurate picture of the events and per- 
sons. We think so, because every 
thing is probable and natural. Our 
authoress, in modesty (for even French 

1&M.3 RxviBW^ — ^Williams's Ge^graphff qf Jncienl Mia. 53 

women may hare modeshf in ihb for gnoted that their hittorlao wu gviltY 

wkw)f calls her work Jllmotri 1 bot* ®^ S'^^ mureprMenutioos, MpeciaUy with 

ID fact, it eODsists of the esaentialt of "g*'*' tj *!»»' I may term the unknown 

ml history ; and we williogly do joa- 1^ 5' ™ ^ute. In tupnort of this, they 

alleged three grou^ mistaket, tald to be 
comni'itted by him on more known ground : 
the fint, with respect to the distance be- 
tween Thaptacus and the Araxes j the se- 
cond, as suted by Mf. Kiuneir; and the 
third, ae stated by Mr. Forster. As I have 
restored the misukes to their actual ownen, 
I venture to reverse their awnments ; and, 
from the aoouraej of the Journal in the 
paru that are known, to infer its aoeuracj 
in the unknown regions. 

''The line of the route is not disputed, 
and is accurately given in all maps» with 
one exception : Aenophon did not cross the 
Sangarius, he sailed by the month of iL" 

We shall now give a list of most 
of the places appropriated by Mr. Wil- 

The first city which Mr. Williams 
professes 10 recover, is Echaiana*, and 
this he says (p. 57), must be at or near 

Colossal is presumed to have been 
merged in Chonce, which, the author 
thinks, was in or near the large village 
or town of Gun^. P. 80. 

Apamda, still uncertain. 

Myriandrus, I he modern Piks, the 
Pass Demi rcapc. P. II6. 

Thapsacus, on the western bank of 
the river, nearly opposite to the mo- 
dern /^flcca( p. 129), now Surich. 

Nicephuriutn, noiv Raccd. P. 133, 

Anthemusias, ruins on the main- 
road, about twenty-six miles from Bir. 
P. 137. 

licsama, the modern Rasal-Aln. P. 

Callinicum, either the same with 
Nicephorium, or a town op|)osite, on 
Tu^ Essays on the Geography of Ancient 5*^^ "l'^*^' *i*^^ °^ ^^c Bilectra. near its 
Aiiai intended partly to iUustrate the J""Ction with the Euphrates, no doubt 

lice to the bhtt-itockingitm of her 
coaniry, in aaying, that it it not pe- 
dantic, hot most lively and interest- 

Upon the whole, Louis was too 
eood a man for the nation ; the frogs 
Sad a devouring serpent for a king, 
and yet they liked him ; they deemed 
Loait a los, though he was onljr a 
kind-hearten human being, that pitied 
tbcm. Bat a king without an army it 
a carpenter without tools; and to tup* 
pose that Bonaparte*t old army would 
iQpply the desideratum, was as rational 
as to think that police-x>fficert could be 
made out of professed thieves, or the 
fdine protectors out of rais. To add 
to the folly, it was supposed by the 
Ultras that Louis could reinstate them, 
aod replace every thing in the status 
ante helium f and this they thought, 
although he had not the means of even 
sopponing himself upon the throne. 
It was ODly the exhaustion of France, 
and the unexpected return of Napo- 
leon, that aaved him and his family 
from assassination ; and had he at- 
tempted to go the lengths which the 
Ultras desired, that would have been 
his immediate fate; Bonaparte would 
have been recalled, and the nation 
have supported him with an enthu- 
siasm as great as that of the Revolu- 

We have gone to this length because 
we respect the private character of 
Louts, and know that his conduct, un- 
der all the circumstances, had every 
characteristic of wisdom. 

CampaignM qf Alexander, and the Anabasis 
^Xenaphon. i9^ fAe Rev. John Williams, 
Fiear i^ Lampeter, and Rector qfthe Ediw 
tut^h Academy, 8to. ffp, 335. 


" 1 think I can affirm, with justice, that 
alnost eve^ thing that is valuable in the 
Ti|^is and Euphrates of D*AuviIie has beeu 
extracted £mm Gobius, and that what is 
vroog is D'Anville's own.'* P. 391. 

And again, as to the Second Essay : 

** Hitherto, all geographers who have 
sttonptad to trace the retreat of the Ten 
Thouaaad, have been coiuj>elled to take it 

the modern Racca (p.^ 142), Elini- 
cum, a recent name for Nicephorium. 

Sura, the modern Surich (p, 145), 
Thapsucus. P. 147. 

Arasci, 1 River, the Khabour. P. 

Chaboras,] 148. 

Carehemish of the Scriptures ; Cir- 
cusium, or Circesium ; now Karkisiah. 
P. 154. 

Zenolia, Zelebi. P. lC3. 

Id Dara, or Da-Dara, now Al- 
Der. P. 1(J4. 

i. e. The Median, one oul o? luui. 


Rbtibw. — ^William8*8 Geography of Ancient Aim, [Jan. 

PerisahoraSf Birsahora, probably 
Kari Ebn Hobeira. P. 187. 

Sitlace^ the same as the Sittace of 
all other ancient authors. P. 1^. 

Opts, about seven miles above the 
Koote of the Map. P. I94. 
Zaiest \ River, the modern Diala, 
Zabaius, J or Diiela. P. 1 94 
ParasiigrU of Pliny, Shat-al-arab. 

P. 207. 

Samare, Sorrab-Man-Ra). P. 805. 

Laritsa, Bagdat. P. 210. 

Mespilh, probably Dokhara. P. 210. 

Bumadut (river), the modern Hazir 
Su. P. 216. 

Beled, or 1 Where Alexander 

Eske Mosul, J crossed the Tigris. 
P. 217. 

Hatra, Hoddur of the Arabs. P. 232. 

Pinax, the modern Mardin. P. 244. 

Niphates river. Batman Su. P. 263. 

Niphates mountain, Barema. P. 263. 

Tigris river of Pliny and Ptolemy, 
tbe Bellis. P. 273. 

Tigris of Strabo, the Scst. P. 275. 

Martyropolis, Miafarikin. P. 275. 

Bezavde, or Phenica, Hesn Keifa. 
P. 278. 

Moxocne, possibly Moush. P. 280. 

Dascusa, Aizen-Gian. P. 286. 

Arsamosata, Semsal. P. 29O. 

Charpote, Karpoot. P. 290. 

Ca/tia/a, Erzerom. P. 2^1. 

Carduchian Hills, Harorim Range, 
the first ridge. P. 292. 

Gemish'Khana, in this neighbour- 
hood is the spot where Xenophon and 
ten thousand Greeks first saw the 
Euxine. P. 312. 

Every body must be aware that, to 
discuss such ancient geograpical ques- 
tions is no easy task ; and, whatever 
may be the opinion of travellers and 
scholars as to the success of Mr. Wil- 
liams, it is certain that the work evinces 
learning, industry, and acumen. It is 
professedly a scholar*s book, but is oc- 
casionally enlivened by some curious 
matters; one is, the presumed origin 
of Vitrified Forts, Druidical 
Bonfires, Nebuchadnezzar's Fur- 
nace, &c. 

*< Of the prevalence of fire-worship at 
Pasargada, we have an interesting account 
in Appian's History of the Mithridatic Wan, 
which, although long, I shall here insert, as 
it may tend to call furth some interesting 
infomiatlon, aad induce future travellers 
wore nanowly to observe the summits of 

remarkable hilk in the East, where probaNy 
will hefiund whataatkpiaries call vitrified 
FORTS. ' Mithridates offered a saerifioe, a^ 
ter the manner of bb aacettort, to Jupiter 
Siratitts, having heaped upon a loftj mil a 
loftier pile of wood. Tbe kings themselves 
carry toe first pieces of wood to the pile. 
They form anotoer pile circular aad lower. 
On the upper they place hooey, mUk, wine 
and oil, with every species of inoense ; on 
the lower (or on the one in the plain) a ban- 
quet is spread for the refrasluiieat of fAnt 
spectators. They then set fire to the pile. 
The Persian kipgs have a similar saerifiee aS 
Pasargada ; and the blazing pile, on acoomt 
of its magnitude, becomes visible to sailors 
at a distance of 1000 stadia; aad they say, 
that it is impossible to approaoh the spojt ror 
several days on account of the heat of the 
atmosphere. Thus Mithridates offered a sa- 
crifice, after the manner of his ancestors.' 
May we not, from this description, concloda 
that the fiery furnace, into which the three 
children were thrown, was a mockery of the 
religious rites of the fire-worsbipipers, and 
that Nebuchadnezzar, by casting living be- 
ings into it, wished to pollute the god of 
the Medes and Persians, and add insult to 
conquest. The choice to the gneber was 
terrible — either submission to the tyrant's 
order, or to become the instrument of etmr 
tami Dating the sacred emblem byapollntioB 
which his soul abhorred. 

'< Pliny fixes the position of the ^rion 
Ecbatana, by informing us, that on Mount 
Carmel there was a town formerly, eaJIcd 
Ecbatana. Is it too much to suppose, that 
when , Elijah challenged the priests of Baal 
to meet nim on Mount Carmel, he did it 
because it was their own high place, thdr 
favourite spot for kindling tlM religions pile, 
and making its reflection in the heavens 
visible from the borders of Egypt to the city 
of Tyre ? According to the miptores, their 
altar was already made. My own firm con- 
viction is, that the Prophet intended to 
defeat them by an appeal to the very element 
of which they profeMed themselves the de- 
voted worshippers." P. 73. 

Concerning Goliath and the Philis- 
tines, Mr. Williams says : 

<* Many commentators on the Koran, and 
other Oriental writers, affirm, that Thaloth 
or Goliath, was descended firom the Curds ; 
or, mora properly speaking, that the Philis- 
tines deduced bv us from the Egyptians were 
a Curdish race. P. 946. 

Studies on Natural History; exhibiting a 
popular Fiew qf the most striking and 
interesting Objects of the maieriat WMd, 
Illustrated by ten Engravings, By William 
Rhind, Member of the Royal Medical and 
Royal Physical Societies tf Edinburgh, 
Post Svo. pp, 247. 


ISaal Revibw. — Rliind's Stmlies of Nulural Hislorg. 35 

IT bat been remarked liv eminenl ihejfurm « vMiium, »nilih«pr(b»ure ofihe 

uh'IoMiiihcn, Ihit NuturJl Philewophy Mternil air, »ctii<g in m liinllii manner u 

u Ihc mt»l ifficieiit acetii of incut- the t«th«ru luclim willi whkli bujt lift 

callnR ratiooal iiiely and ihe lo^e of ■"■ne.. &c. <ii.l>l» tl..m w rniet th. U.. 

God. T« ihU may be «ddecj. ihui it "f 6'"")'. "d "«"' »■> "-r "lling*. ">a 

»bibit) the nnaloglw which exist bt- ''™8 P"P*'«I"="I" ""6™- 'bid. 
l«wn the laws ol" Piovidtiice onil Irjsecis also eKliihiiglimpsMofa ic- 

ibc r«*el4Uoni of Scripture. For in- flecling Tiiculiy, and use contriviincei 

lURM, Mr. Gnitville Penn has, by which imply reason Cl62-l64). Their 

nhilcRophical fids, aulheniicntcd the auenRlh, compated with their size. Is 

SloMic nxinogoiiy i and ia ihii work wooderfuli for anianoralioisecannot 

we oi»y 6nd a timilar cortoboriilion jonip three tlmw iheir lengih, bui a 

of the prophetic deiiruclion of this flea u hundred timet. U|>un this >ub- 

pkaei ^r fire. je" our author says, 

"Ewtj wild taUiuCcon the ftce of llie " Were our Urg« uiimiLU eaclowed with 

globe. In mtmnt of tuang but, migtit be the »nie itrength of mniole, in propoTliao 

nrfacoduitatbe •(■MofKpour." P. i9«. to thotr iIh, u the ioieet triUi, their 

It >i iho pouihle thai Ihe primary power -ould be ptodlpoiu, ind Id the «» 

taie ut our globe wai ihalof a bull of "' fcrociou., .I.ngerm.. ii 

mere vapour, indiiialed by subtraction .t"'; * ,1," " " "'"'"'*" I""'"' , 

7 . r™ ', m ■'oL 1 tore thai Ihej tie not to. Tiui ■ cock- 

o(ealo*tc«|f(if. »aj»Mr. Rhynd, eh.ff« ii .1. time, ilranger, eu>Dg«*ti>el;, 

■•Theajrorthiumoiphneitielf, vbich, tbin ■ horie. If the elephut were ponr- 

indit the Diuil iniietiei of teiopenture Ail in prupgrUoo tothe (Ug-beillo, it would 

4l>^ TtiMiD* ( »»pour, then ii everj u»- „iti, i]„ g,„tejl fuiilitj le»el mouatiiut, 

lagj Km loppoiiDg ailghi alio be renJerfd .qJ ^u up the largest rocki ; ind were the 

Jtiag, eod exn ■ solid, ueilcr luteoic de- iwiftoets and ilrengtb of some ioiecCs giveo 

pta U cold." Ibid. In carreipondlng proportion 10 the lion isd 

Ai ihe belief of a " Day of Jodg- tiger, ibe viper ot the ratllq-snalio, oo being 

ment'' i» one of ihe pillars of religion, could escape their veageaDCe," P. 180. 
*t •dJ from Tisehiriier, thai ull ma- Anli fight balilcs in large bodies, 

louJ bodies ate auhjecl lo the laws of wiih syatematic human laclics; and 

mulatioD and disMJuiion ; and the carry the young of the negro ants, 

eanh having undergone .he former „ ^yJ^.^ , , 

more thu cnce, ,t may be finally sub- ^j^^^ j„ ^i, ,,/^ b^i^.'; ^,b. coimunit,. 

jtrt M> the latter. feed, attend oi*n, and carry their multn, 

Of all the departments of Natural „d nur«: the jnung." P.ais. 
Hiiiorr, the inoit curious is Lniomo- ,, , . . . , 

logy. We shall eitract some very ex- «"' i''= S'""«t cunoiily ii-they 

irtonliadTy case. ''"P ^^ows. 

JiwecU, ■(least cerlain kinds, survive " Ann feed on «niBwl matter, tbejuice? 

UipUUtion of limbl, decapilalion, and of fruits and plsali, and what it moic >ih- 

cviKcnUon itself, and even disregard guW. o„ » fluid whieli they luok, like milk, 

«,«* mWoKgneS. 5™ .n.ect. »ll,d .^pA.d... .h,ch bve on 

,. , Ilia juiiMi of the leaves and eoota of plants, 

•• Ana srhat H more eslrtordinarj. the „ -fh™, ,„,11 in„«. ha.e been edied 

WOoa trunk of a male bmjiI-j Lm been .^e co*i of the ants, and not improi«rly-. 

lMnl«n.iteitaelf to the other »>. And ,w ,ffo,d » jui„ aqai„|eo, w milk, and 

•II lliia is so (kr a beneGeie] provu.on of na- ^^ „„ ^^^p ,^,„ i^ j^^, „,„ (i,^;^ ^^^^ 

taw. Iweet*, from the.r diminutive iiie, ^^.^^ ,„j regulatly milk them b, apiilying 

^ fasgl). ta«ure, are contmualhr «po.ed .^^j, n,outb. to l£eir bellies, and pnlliol 

U, Udti aed bad ibej been formed ai j,,^^ „i,^ ,[„;, mandibles, till the iulre 

•nd&a lo 0.1. liijury » the larger specks. fl„„ f^, gome specie, of t^u praerre 

^^nanlom of animal mffenng would have j^a eggs of ibese cows, and rear them up 

Fli« walk open ceilings by ihe ful. jroung. 'I'tiew fliicki too, of Aphuks, vt 

kxrtng tncwis : often the cauie of battles and cunteite bc- 

■•M-yempins Sweets, especially file,, W"" Jiff'rent seitlemenls, ud t)« more 

kn. • ci^iM. m^isioa ef hollcw snekat. oumerou. the flocks, the r.eher and more 

MtWwtaailin of their lep. -ith ivbich luaurlou.Iy supi.l.ed are the various comrau- 

' The .Btth allll hocooBs colder and •' ' Tlie greatest cow-keeper of .11 the 

•d*r. Sec .\n»otl*» Physics, vol. 11. pt. i. ants," ..j Me«ts. Klrbj an.) Speuce, ' 1. 

p uft. one ID bo met "ith in most oTom piswiTes, 


56 Rbtibw. — Tala of Four Naiiam.^-^Ftn'mgn ReoUw, No. IX. [Jan* 

ratUniig ill hemitphericd iiMti> whidi tra 
■oroetimet of coDsiderable dimentionB, voA 
ia known u the jrellow sot. This ■peciet, 
which is not food of ro«ning from Donie> 
and likoi to have all its eonvtniencM within 
reach, usually collect* in its nett a large 
hord (if a kind of aphut that derives iu 
oourlshment firom the roots of grass and 
other plants. Tliese it tmnsports from the 
neighhouring roots, probably by subter- 
ranean galleries, excavated for the purpose, 
leading from the nest in all directions, and 
thus without going out, it has always at 
hand a copious supply of food. These crea- 
tures share its care and solicitude equally 
with its own offspring. To the eggs it 
pays particular attention, mobtening them 
with %u tongue, carrying them in its mouth 
with the utmost tenderness, and giving them 
the advantage of the sun." Pp. 917 — SI 9. 
We have thus given extracts tuffi- 
cieot to show the curious matters 
found in this book. We have only to 
add, that Mr. Rhind has dressed them 
up in a most eloquent and interesting 
style, accompanied with instructive 
delineations of the ineffable wisdom of 

Tala qfFour Nations, In Ihree volumet. 

NOVELS have an advantage over 
many other books, because they are 
read through with a certain desff^ of 
attention. If they impress moraltruths 
and augment knowledge of life, no 
objection can be reasonably made to 
a perusal of them ; and if they do treat 
chiefly of courting (under prudent 
forms), and end in matrimony, cer- 
tainly that is the only moral and legi- 
timate object of courtship. They moy 
indeed be said to stimulate courting 
prematurely ; but we doubt whether ii 
would be possible to prevent youns 
people from this whether they read 
novels or not. Courting therefore is 
amongst the most natural of human 
events ; and these tales, like all others, 
turn upon the same pivot. The only 
mistake is, that the heroes of novels 
are generally in character real heroes, 
whereas the majority of lovers in actual 
life are very far from having such lofty 
pretensions; they are morally mere 
enthusiasts as to the charms of their 
rcfSpective mistresses, or cold calculators 
of their fortunes. 

The tale called the Ambuscade is 
the best ; and the hero, a captain of a 
frigate, would not disgrace the Iliad or 
£peid. The character of the " Cubs 
of the British Lion,'* i. e. our sailors, 
and of some smugglers of all nations. 

are excclleDtly drawn. There it mixh 
humour in the French t muggier 

The character of Phil the tailor, a 
genuine Tom Pipes, it very interesting. 

Von Puffendorf and Fernandez \ne 
Mexican, are fine characters in the 
other tales ; but we tmst that we need 
not say more in favour of the book. 

The Foreign Review, No, IX, 

THE great distinction of English 
and foreign literature is, according to 
the works noticed in this valuable fte- 
view, the preponderance of imagina- 
tion over reason. We have not teen a 
tingle foreign writer who can be called 
(to use the term out of the technical 
sense) a logician. If conclusions do 
occur, there are no premises ; if there 
are feet, there are no legi. Bat we 
must proceed to the articles. 

I. Biographuqf Jeati Paul Frede* 
rick Richter, i hit was a man of very 
uncommon talents, but exhibited witli 
such wildness of fancy as would be an 
exemplar to Englishmen of the truth 
of the line, 

*' Great wiu to OMidness nearly are aHicd." 

Every body knows the story of Gold- 
smith's contented Sailor; but not how 
superior mind may prevent debate- 
men! of character, too usual under the 
severest extremities of indigence. For 
year upon year was poor Richter 
doomed to feel that, though an appe- 
tite is a certain thing, a dinner is noi; 
but Providence flogged him into con- 
tcntiiient, in the fine language of the 
Critic in this masterly article : 

*< On this forsaken youth, Fortune seam- 
ed to have let loose her ban do«, and hun- 
gry ruin had him in the wind. Without: was 
no help, no counsel ; but thers lay a giant 
force within ; and so from the depths of 
that sorrow and abasement, his beUer soul 
rose purified and inviueible, like Hercules 
from his long labours. A high clieerfbl 
stoicism grew up in the man. Poverty, pain, 
and all evil he learned to regard not as what 
they seemed, but as what they warci ha 
learned to despise them, nay. In kind 
mockery to sport with tliero, as with bright 
spotted wild beasts which he had tamed and 
harnessed." pp. 17, 18. 

For many years did this eaglet open 
his mouth, and scream for food ; out 
his noble race was at last recognized ; 
he was fed and patronized \ soared, and 
was admired. 

II. Finders Ilnlory of the Dia- 

xaiii/, Anoiktt (Upeiiot 

^i^.i.iliwii— ■■-- ---^- 

iiianlttige »liAlcv(r| not ol cXdi|iin« 
ing aems by weiglil, a process (irti 
tmplofcii Uy ihe Arabi, in iIie ihif- 
tttnlh eenian.—Adttmot »iaaag^ ibe 
ancWnl Greek* appJicil only w ihe 
luiJoUMcch and dlamai finl occur; 
in AlbctiUJiVl.ijtnits, tvhoilinlin 1380. 
'ITle Cdtliot aalbni who iit«mi«ns llie 
■iiaaiiind nprmly ii Thenphnttui i 
■nd tha caiwr of ihis nrglect leemt to 
t)«»e b«cn, iImi Ihe Bncirnt* piid more 
aiieniion lo ihe colourcit refleelion ai 
lichi ihan to the cletircw*! anil puriiy 
if ihc jeivrU theimdvtn, Lewi) <le 
Berqiitn wh the fini, in \i',fS, whn 
foliitard (Mie diMnond wj(h the aid of 
anMbcli and i^lati wii oul wilh rrd 
hot tl«ri. ti«rnr« the use oT ihe diamond 
in liie lljih crulury. 

VJIl. NtcetlM, m>TA,. „ .„„ 
*hn wann lo fly, faoi only makn hne 
jawps. The moH eminenl Iwlia 
considff ihcir bnj^uage to be ci 
tiiiiDMl froai llie oU vemeaUr 4\ 
Icctioflialy, nai.asNiccnIini, a ea 
(uptionof ihrlAliujbtiKhi 
ju v«rj proper outli^uon, obierves, 

"'ni« thit. was ■ l»HBiiig» diffetea^ 
fruio Ihe DnUii uFrD, ealleil nulgaru, aued- 
A'anuitpltl'ttu, raiiini, aUibnu, eeilreiuu, 
fct in lbs timei of Cicero, as Ufiue." 
P. I efi. 

ii Ib rtrj' M!y Id compare the pure 
Roi|ian wiih ihe lialjaii, by the mere 
aid of ilicrionarjes, and ihus setlle ili« 

IX. Montaigne't Eisays. Ifa mat) 
be an eguilit, hii ideas are likely lo bp 
■ ^nscqilcnce Original ; and those " 

111. TkfFrtmth CtbiHrt. Polilieat Moniaiane wc think to be deserving 
Mnanimimi*, wkieh w« do nol "' **'y„"'8n "met. 
>fttMilMMto(Ur.Alman>ch Moore. ,^- ^'''"■''- "he orilic thighs thai 


wvlit Ml 

nuaaU i* woo lo becom« ihe niftst 

pownful European Sovereignty. Thi* 

lafMsattaa is certiinly ttovd. 

IV. Smdf of Ike Gvil Law m Eng. 
faid. A cnnnui ftietoeeors in p. 73. 
Vm m—i anciffii tuw bnok in Eng- 
UdJ, Yti, Olanville'i Trsctaius de Le- 
lilni, &e. teinp. litlw. I!, is in a great 
(Wt »l Iraat 'a servile copy of fhc pan- 
(hm •f Juninian. Tbe latier wete 
lotioduced inioEn;bivJ in (lie llnicof 
Stephen j ClaoviUo wat made Chief 
JdiUcc in IIUI { Vicariui lectured 
npMi the cirit Un U Oxfonl .ibom 
IIMI (id Stephen), and ta llie ISib 
cwlury ire may thetefore ascribe iho 
iacMBoralJon of tke civil Uw iviih 
ihMof the oM Soion aori Norman. 

V. Ammal Magnetism. — Ao i-spn- 
MM of charlalinry, *liowitls ihal. If 
MIC fool makes nnmj, one tiigae can 

VI. -riit holheri S!all'eTg. We 
■binb thai iht^ir poclry deserves more 
puK Ihati the (ciiewrrt have awanlcd. 

VI). Dumani't Benliiam on Juiiira- 
tart. Mr. Beniluin (kc p. Ihi) tb~ 
Jtrlt altegeihiT to trial tyjiuy I la the 
pilUdiaai ul EoKliih liberty. Now, 
Ibough there way he crooked tr^s in 
■iw, Mrhich oii|;ht by relbrinifig ironi 
la b« made iiraiehi, we should be 
tony lo arc >ue^ legs ampniated, and 
iHBptidf by Mr. Boilhani's wooden 
MAfiitUle*- Tlie refoimers whom we 
npwi are thoie who dii not muliUlc 
•Use*, Ilk* Iconoclaits, bui animaic 
Aim like Pygmaltno, 

Otnr. Mto Jamiawy. I».10. 

t ilic Ti))Lwiiig I 
lall library of Ew, 

nvvr svitcni recently introduced 
the Meiropolit may be made a 
most diinEeroiii inalrumeut of deiiroy- 
ing the lihcriies of Englishmen, He 
acquits Government of any such de- 
irgn ; and indeed ihc good may lie af- 
frcied without ihe prosj»eciivc evil, by 
leaving the naironaae apd anpoint" 
tnenis in the hands oTthe peo|i!lei or, 
a! the eriiic siiggcsis, by ijinking the 
present Consiabulary more efficient. 

heConlinenial inlctligCDce 

"~- ■ things. A 

wriiicn by 
.irg.-cj, aiiuniiiK iiidi iiiiic is hafdjy a 
iciriice in whicfi mine ne^ro hai not 
l«en dirlingiiiihed, (p. fidS.) A sta- 
iacofVeniiti, fnund at Bonalra near 
Myraeiise, laid to fxi-et ihe Medicean. 
tSfig.) Greek inicnpiJons, retnains, 
Sle. laid 10 be fnund near Monte Vir 
d*o, but disbelieved, (ifiO.) And to 
»how how easily the discovery of hye- 
nas' bones in caves may be aiif«-da(dd, 
M we hare before observed in our re- 
erni notice of Mr. Rutter's Somerset- 
shire Delineations, we find ihat 

"At £rdr4Urvm two brIeV \aHgn at 
BgyiitiiD deltici itiifa runt' hnds ud ta- 
UWB bomi, bue bran ftiiad. Thti/ wtr» 
Ij/ing far l-elaw Hit nr/ace ^ Ilia rietr't 
htd, anal a fuanlily t/' nun/, iiiijcr aiUek 
n-ai a large •lialam </ fhy, and mw 
ijiimlh/ Ihry mull lian irm iherc fi>r mmt 
rioiisiilib ijjf J/fDrj.*" P. 967. 



ick-nmkiuiiatid %ypiian re- 
ted II nviau ? We shall helkve 

and Kie'i ftB-\»,»4 



Review.— Cox on tiie Liiur/^.— *Tunnard*s Addreu. [Jan. 

The Liturgy remtd^ w the Necestiiy and 
Beneficial Effects <^an authorised Atridg- 
nenl^ f^c, SfC, By the Rev, Robert Cox» 
AM, ifc, Svo,pp, 136. 

Improvement of ihe Liturgy, sounds 
to us much like improvement of West* 
minster Abbey or king's College Cha- 
pel — nay» of the Bible itself! But we 
must do Mr. Cox the justice to own 
that he does not wish to alter, only to 
omit and modify ; and, most certainly, 
he exemplifies his plan with ability. 
It is most true that a bill of exceptions 
may be tendered, on the score of 
desuetude (see p. 17); but then the 
very same objection may be made to 
the Bible itself. Nothing can be a 
standard which carries with it a ne- 
cessity of variation, and which, in a 
matter of fact affair, is of course inad- 
missible. There is a holiness in the 
Liturgy which is not human. It is a 
book uken from the library of the 
recording Angel. Mr. Cox's motive 
is to reconcile the Dissenters to the 
Church. That philosophers know to 
be impossible. It forms the entirety 
of dissent that every man should be at 
liberty to make his own interpretation 
of Scripture; to make the possible, 
not the actual, meaning of the sacred 
text the real meaning ; to exclude con- 
text and contemporaneous application, 
and even the just literal construction 
of the words and phrases of the original 
language. Mr. Cox forgets that a Li- 
turj^ is, in j€, an extingoisher^of such 
notions ; that it is both a legal adviser 
and a parental monitor, and that he 
who follows it no lon^r advocates 
what is called " religious liberty." 
The idea of conciliating the Dissenters 
by such means, implies the grossest 
inexperience. Not a single sect (except 
the Methodists, who affect the cos- 
tume of the Church) use a prescribed 
form of words for their prayer; and, 
when Bishop Marsh proposed a joint 
delivery of prayer-books, with bibles, 
was there not a clamour excited, and 
a schism generated ? If this fact will 
not satisfy Mr. Cox of the inefficiency 
of attempting to wheedle Dissenters 
into our Liturgy, does he forget that 
the very maintenance of dissenting 
ministers is lost, if their followers are 
niefged in Church people ; that, if the 
holy orders of such ministers are re- 
cognized, then there is a virtual con- 
fciaion of mere unfounded assumption 
in the regular clergy. That Mr. Cox 
ia any thing but a philosopher as to 


Dissenters, he will see from an excel- 
lent little work called «• The Valleys, 
noticed in our vol. xctii. i. p. 604. 

Bmphyment of the Poor. An Addte>s to 
the Grand Jury tflhe Hundreds ofKkUm 
and Skirbeck, in the parts of Holland^ in 
the County qf Lineoln, at the General 
Quarter Sessions of the Peace, held at 
Boston, Oct, 90, 1829. By Charles 
Keightley Tuuoard, esq, Chahrmant pub^ 
tithed at the request qf the Bench emd qf 
the Grand Jury, Svo, pp. 1 5. 

Mil. TUNNARD has very ably 
and judiciously exhibited the evils at* 
tendant upon the allowance aystem 
and parochial mismanagement, to 
which we have had occasion to allude 
in our notices of the Anti-pauper 
systems of Messrs. Becher ana Boa- 
worth. These, of course, we ahall not 
repeat, but shall direct our attention to 
the valuable observations of Mr. Tun* 
nard on the abuse of parochial road- 

« We oatandly first turn our attaation to 
the public works in our parishes, and find 
th« highways available to the employment 
of the poor ; not in the disgraceful manner 
in wMcn they are at present carried on, for 
I will be bold to say, that with Uie aamt 
expenditure which now takes nlace in our 
different parishes for what is falsely caUetl 
the repairs of the highways, but which Is 
nothing better than a wanton waste of 
parish money, we might ha%e good roads 
and full employment for a numtier of our 
labouring poor ; but the evil of the alknr- 
anoe system has found Its way, even into 
this branch of our parish expenditure. An 
idle man applies for relief to the ovarsaer; 
he sends him to the survc}or, who directs 
him * to let the water off the roadst and chop 
171 ruts (this Is the usual language) ;' aod 
there the parish labourer is Ith for weeks 
without the superintendence of any one tq 
see that he has performed a single day's 
work. I have myself put the question to 
surveyors, and received fur answer, ' Oh, 
Sir, It is only tn keep him out of mischief ; 
he is a drunken good-for-nothing fellow, 
and always chargeable to the parish, so we 
put him on the highnrays.' This is a fire- 
quent and not an exa^erated case ; and I 
would ask you, gentlemen, if thUisJust to 
yourselves as charge-bearers, or just to tlia 
unfortunate individual, who is thus en- 
couraged to liabitual idleness. I am con- 
vinced that, with proper attention, much 
might be accomplished for the good of the 
parishes every way, by the employment of 
their labourers at stated seasons on the 
highways. Let the parishioners view their 
roads and direct wluit shall be done ; there 

Miictllaneoui Rtvieas. 


idlK>1n: Bi*ii;*nul<) 

ut «TC» fonniog, .l.ich 
^glrct, BOtliing but hilli 

b} iiinJng t sail du-mdiH put of ilic d^jt' 
■rptk (tbich arc nov |i*iH for u lucli, would 
bf ti>fiei«a( to kMptliem in couiUmt tt- 
P«r." P. 13. 

Trt LttiMm en lla ttitlitry v/BiN'eat In- 
brfi^*t%»i, tritn'mt Amwlia. By Hpr- 
btn Marih, DJ). FJIS. anil F.S^. 
IMv Margaret' I Prtjhitar <f Dicinily in 
At VtareriiUf i^ Oimtrulge, and Bahap 
1/ PrUrtmiH^K. Seo. pp. 63. 

IT would seem ■ ilrange deviation 
frooi coBinion iciisc, if a peiwn pio- 
rmi'iig ttt (tale ihe actual tvurd& ofan- 
Mhci. M evidence in a couil orjuiljcc, 
ilioulilgiYconly ■ coosLtuciioii or their 

meaning niaJe by himielf or ollieri, 

or, in other wordi, iliuuH tnbMiline a 
comment for the lexl. Yet of toch on 
absurJriy the learned Bidiop nlninly 
»how«, that the majority oflhe Falhera 
were guillyj for il leenn thai ihcy 
U9ed tarioui principles «r interpreta- 
tion, mjFsiicDl, allegorical. See. and 
which in Barrow'a lan^nage nial<c ihc 
Hcri|iLure a leriit of riddteg. In what 
model of inler|)tclalioii llie Falhcri 
have »n erred, his Loidship shows i 
■nd inch D work, written by a ]ire]ale 
of luch eonimandini; erudition, in to 

no small benefit lo ihe theologian ; for 
he might Hade through volumel belbie 
he would comprehend the " orinctples 
of iiit<r]iielal(ou" developed ticre. 

Mr. Eu.11'1 Briliih 7an£, ihcaimg thi 
Dulin fgyetlt sn Fariign Gauls imparltJ 
}tl«OtKU Bribnt. Ireland, l(e. \t . woiL of 
■hlcb tlx *i)»e il criileDt, aod ll)a eucu- 

Mr. J. H. CtRTK hu puiliilud^iV- 
nofXual Chan ^ ike Duratn of Iki Ear, 
■KJffwiBf ihcir orJer, cLuftilinLtoo, leit. 


ito French of Blihop WiHoo't Apulogy for 

[oe Bilile X verj vuluible achuol-book. 

Mr. D. Guut'9 Inquiry inio thi Catua 
of Ihe Derlint of HUlorieal Fainling i> ui 
onliou nliieh Inaloi t1i«t itjie depend upon 
the merhnoiCBl eicell*Dce nf liie Dutch 
•choot. We ire among thou nl 


, iooVcy 

I P'S'; 

•iJe uid eiperieoctd uiri>I hu here pre- 

•nd pigstiw, >ubjecW uliea up in guod 

Holed lothcprofeuion ud ta ih. puUie 

ficient in tliii ikill 1 bat wu he not u hi,- 

Tanier., &e. u (a the elention ind digoity 

Mr. J. OonTOK. Ihe EJiinr of lb. Geoe- 

of the art in th. view of mind f beliu.; 

i^fa^ihiag, ID Monthly Nuinben,aAcw and 

Compiehiiuive Topographical Diclionary. 

m«o no disretpeci lo Mr. Gue.l, but »o 

wl ra.t«m.Led-ilh <8 in.p.. Th. £rit 

•niemnlj protetl igiinit eialution of llig 

Namber ■ffotdi eiidence of beiag enrefultj 

vulgiril)- and bad ta«e nS the Dulch athool 

eoapliedi and u the work it tu embiue 

into the beau-:dc»l of the ait of painting. 

nrri plw« In the Uoited Klngdun 
it tu lail Populitlan Reiuroa, men auc 
N^tr husWlt, &e. u can bs otherwiie M 
*ind. iha Bhole cmnol fail of pfoiinB 
lugUi daimble ud valuable collection. 

I Ckriinan Pair 



>'»a»m ib( poUtie 

,M f. I») and tba C 

Of. STtfaraox'a Worki, (1] iipm Colda 
ol Cmgi*. tmi (») upon A'eri™. Affic^ 
'ami, OHtit die HMntloB of all pimtenC 

na Ok mkI Iht Wirti, \r, MjtaiANNE 
FiaKn-r, h u inlereaiing leliool- bouk, 
>«<(; caleiihled tu maki a ikrimg Impm- 
•■■> bt rahibitiog tba tneiDneii and dit- 
itca erf ■■IliihaeH. 

Mr. HiQOiNs'i InlTodaclory Trtalur on 
Light ami Optical Injtninuiili u moat adi- 
(jing and laiitfaetory, ao &ir at our praMoC 
knowledge eitendi upnu ihoie anbjecta. 
We baie had oeeaiion lo qaote under our 
Doiice of Dr.Amotl'i Phyaica. 

'i Plaiafamiliar Leclurei 


., Ui 

. _, . ihed the 

tFDiptuiani of the devil frani ihou of (ha 
wi»ld and Ihe fleah. Ha would have Ibuad 
in emioeni theulogiani, that the (eiopta- 
tloDi allnded (o, pieeiiely and eieluilTelj 
conaidcrH, are the abitract tioei of iha 
mind, tuch aa infidalitj, be. > tlie prtde of 
the eye and the tut of ibe fleih ue more 
immedlatelv coaDCcled witlt t,\t« wuluui 
,.,d .lie rente.. 

[ «o ] 



Mr. Rutter has publUhed a Series of 
Ttventy addilional FUustrations to his Deli- 
veationi of the North-ujestem Division of 
Somersetshire, They «rc dedieated to J. M. 
Sm^th Pigott, Vsq. F.S.A. Hif;h Sheriff of 
S«merteunir», to whom the oripnal draw. 
logs belong* aad to whom Mr. R. It indebt- 
ed for considerable assittanoe in the expense 
of engraving tliem. The drawings are exe- 
cuted In a very aaaterlj manner^ ehieBy by 
Mr. J. C. Bockler» the antiquary and aitshi- 
tect» and many (^ which are views of 6ne old 
mansions in Somerseuhire, subjecu to 
which Mr. Buckler has devoted very consi- 
derable attention. Amongst others are views 
of Ashton-court, Barrow-court, Kings- 
ton Seymour Manor-house, Cleve-court 
and Toot (an excellent print), Clapton 
Manor-house, and Cievcden-cuurt. lliete 
are all mansions in the Gothic style, and 
show how well that species of architecture 
Is suited to domestic use. Brockley-hall and 
Lee-court are each noblo mansions, in a 
more modern style. The exterior and inte- 
rior views of Yatton Church arc very inter- 
esting, jMurticutarly the interior, which shows 
kome very fine monuments io the De Wvck 
imd Newt4)n Chapels in thikt church. The 
inside view of tlie refectory of Woodsprina 
I^rlory is a good suhicct ; and the painted 
^asf fVom uanwell Church, drawn by Mr. 
ti. Bennett, a very curious one. On tlio 
whole these twenty Plates form a most do- 
siribTe addition to Mr. Rutter's well-com- 
^tted Vdlume. 

ft/At Fk'ews nf the principal Cities of 

Ldeut. -Colonel Batty, to whom the public 
atte already much indobted for various em- 
beltishments in fiuroucan scenery, has here 
pilibllshtfd the first Part of a new work with 
still higher clairtis to excellence. The city 
selected for the first Number b Oporto, 

which IS illustrated by five views and a vis- 
nette title, engraved by Goodall, VV. R. 
Smith, R. Brandard, W. Miller, R. Wallls, 
and T. Jcavbns. These are Bnished in the 
highest possible style of line engraving ; and 
we do not recollect any plates since the 
publication of Turner's Southern Coast, 
that havd delighted us more. A splendid 
sUtiMt is represented in the vigneiic-view of 
the tliouth of the Douro. 'Ilie view of 
Oportd from Villa Novo, with the Bishops 
Pdace and Cathedral on the crest of tlio 
hill ; and lh« view of the Custom-house 
QWsy, with the busy scene in the fore- 
^Oubd. and the Serra Ctmvent on the sum- 
tsit of tne opposite hill, are two moat charm- 
ih(; prints. Every engraving has a key- 
plMc, etched by Lieut.-Col. Batty, pointing 
dutlbt Aaq^et of the objects depicted. A\}- 

propriate dMCripliuM in English and Fmch 
aoeompany the prinla. Each Part will be 
illustrative of one or two of the prlneipal 
cities or places in E«n>pe. Twei«« pans 
will complete a volume; but each part 
being complete in Itself, purehaaera may 
possess thoisa plaons tbev hatvt mited, ov ro- 
a|ie0ting which they itel Moat Katftlnat. 

The Second Nnmber of CharatUriMtic 
Sketches of Animals^ by Mr. Hioa. Laodseer, 
will be found equally aatis&ctory with its 
predecessor. The Miisk-bnll, tne Bengal 
Tiger, the Elk, aad the Ibex, an etched 
with equal freedom of drawing and aeeumcy 
of rcprasentation, catching not only the ex- 
pression and 6re uf the animala, b«t alao tha 
orace aud freedom of their motiona. The 
nair in the different subjects is admirably 
discriminated. The vignettes, aa bafore» 
add much to the interest of the work. That 
attached to the account of the lbn» or 
Wild Goat, represents this hardy and bold 
mountaineer attacking a hunter on the very 
edge of a pathless precipice^ and throwiup; 
himself headlong on the man, so that both 
rolled over into the abyss beneath^ and au- 
serably perished. 

Hamlet, the goldsmith and Jewellery pur- 
chased last season. In the sale of the late 
Lord Rivers*s pictures, several paintingS| 
which were represented as the works of Cana- 
letti ; but they were so de6led with dirt and 
filth, that their identity was doubted \m all 
the dealers, amateurs, and artiste, who hap- 
pened to be present when tbev were sold. 
Consequently Mr. Hamlat obtained tlie 
whole at his own price, or, aa the saying isy 
*' for an old long." Tliese pictures have 
recently been cleaned, and oivested oi all 
their impurities, and, in their present state, 
are now considered the most splendid riews 
minted by Canalietti that are at preaent in 
England, with the exception of those in the 
possession of his Majesty, iu Windsor Castle. 

A Copper-plate £7^gnit*uig, re pi B sa u t lng 
an action willi tlie S|>anish slave-lirtg Alni- 
rante, captured by H. M. brig Black Jake, 
(tender to H. M. S. Sylitlle, Commodore 
F. A. Collier, C. B.) C4»fnmanded by LteuU 
Henry Dowoes, off LagcM (Bight of Benin), 
Fvb. I, 189.9. From an original Painting 
by W. J. Huggins, Marine Painter. Also, 
from a Painting by the same Artist, a Cop- 
per niate Enpraving, representing a View 
of H. M. S. Wiaehaater (bearing the flag 
of Edward Griffith Colpoys, Esq. Vice- 
Adreiral of Uie White, off the Eddyatonw,) 
in the act of taking iu top-gaUattt*eaih, aad 
maiu-sail, iu a squall. 

»9aa} [ 81 ] 


nii'.vf eoMutj. Sl.rop.birt. H. hti ■J.n p, 

Rrad^foT PaUU-atioii. 
Tbe ArgwneDti fni PrntntiiiiliuB and 

hiiKisk* of Pliiloxnhitul iDiiuiri. Hr R. 
H.G>.Ti.i. DD. 

Caliiswliu Prcdtxtlnalieu ripaguDl tu 
the g«nl tcaoT nt Scrlptiiic. By tlie kte 
Vm< IU*. Hick. Griiis, D.D. 

SntiHiH SD wioui luhiKU. 6j the 
Rn. Juiirn Edwaioi, CuriM of Wu- 

Shimiu an imml iMCuiani. Hj tlia 
Rh. II. Mo-jKC, Atiiftut fur »in« j-nn 
>u th« Her. Juha W«Ib}. 

Th« PclitinI Ue ot tU* Right Hot.. G. 
Cuuiao, fhnn hii (cnptuice uf the S»l> 
•f ih« ronifEa DqMrtDnit, in Sepumlirr, 
IWt, lo tbe poind of hii Dh^> is Aigiuti 

IM;. B]I a. a. STirLETOI. Eh|. 

Aa iMinrjr ibW ih^ bnl mauii nf pn- 
TCMiag KM dutruMiiiD of the AlnrigiBci 
(wkIIj iaeldrat ipoo Hltliog on Cnloain. 
% S. BlSIKIfTtB, EJII. fi.u> Attotutl-Ge- 
KBl of N.i> South W.!». 

Mk BiUIdb'i Hntor; ind AnliqiiltiM r>f 
BnMl OHliKlntl, oith el***n mgnviop, 
AbBtkc FAh Nanibn of liit Pictuniqu* 
Atfi|Hhi«i nf 111* SogKth G(i<i. 

Fair Lam in licluHt enntidnnl, Hid 

ik*ir fntMU tSttts upon npiul, th« pro- 

tf ilT, **d ih* prai^teMln nniinitfinpnt of 

ihM tmmnirj. UjSIr Johk IAilih, But. 

hoKsl Bhu^o of At lach mid t7lh 

~ B Satnj xa Dt7<ira. B; 

F. J, D. P>IUIT, M.A. author of the 

acy Cabioel. 

libl'Sgniihical and Retnnpnllvt 

■w&l BowCi in all Langui^i,'SiD. Nii. 1. 
Sir HthaJben, or tlo DiHglutiDQ nf Mn- 
il. By the Autllor of SiBlo 

Prxfianne far PnUiaitiaii. 
Einrpl* Hlilorio, or lllu.lntioii 
EulU. ]I<>t.>[y. lo ba pubJithcd in < 
Nil; paRi. Ill plaa ii (u duciibls p 
tmt» JoiG*ili« anj funlgn, our aa. 
ntatioiH ailh France, Spain, and t 

had, ill* tiaia of tha fitty ud Arnj, 
MOADDJ af tb* Rojal HouehuM, li 
q'Mdiiut, naEniliceaccs aod penaul clu 
•Win of our Monarch!, ihe hulnrj' uf IVI< 
HNk bteblithnunU, th< ilvei of datii 
piUhrd Bwn, the CMtaKM, model of llvini 


*w*l«oJ pcliticaTcaoditioii uf ■uclil]', lli 
ftUt tS luuuga am) Jtleradiie, the inim 
hcrtan MjpioKm'of tlie Aria, Heraldij 
C«ala of Ctiiiab;, and U*iiaaJ-vt> &c, 
_TLb iMt Rar. J. B. Bl^iiwiv, > 

KiMwjr of the Shflriffi of Shi 
the eunqueit ti> hii ohd Uums 
•a far pR|wnd thia vulume fi 



em Sheriff.. 

CuD>ena(ioB9 upnn CoTDpaiBliTe Cbro- 
nn1u{,7 and Geoenl HUlurjr, frnm the trrea- 
llon of ih> world to the hirth of ChnM, 

Raleigh, aod bi> Time., fl. Mr.. A. 
T. Thomson, author of Memuir. of Heo. 

Ao £»n>la>tinn nf tl.e Monopollei of 
Ihe Et.n India Compiuv Br ihe author 
'- ■" • ■- ■ - loflDdi,. 


The Cau 

^ of the 


■fi" 1 

nay on 


I Econ 

bciii|; « Second Letter lu tht Doke of Wei- 
IIdeIdd. By a Jamiica Laudbtilder. 

A ihort of tha Criminal Lav of 
Bncland. By a Barriilci uf tha Middle 

Eiuyt nil SupsiitiliDn (onginally pub- 
litbcd in tbe Chriilian Obienar during tha 

Erar iaa<l), with sorreLtioai Mid additioni. 
Social Dutiat OB Christian Friaciplri. 
Tain of [be Titc Scdicj driigoed to 

> of Man 

Tlie Jew, a 


By tha Autluu of 

the Piiotlplw of Hydrm 

I Piiotlpl 


^ Soriei of U 
th'i Waterier Ni 
in tDuDilily pan 
miul Goitbed 
E. IHadci 


maunar by Meun. W, uiU 

I. Thciubjcci 

uf Ibe Huh 


M cvDaciiD^ tualnitti 2 

Futility uf the Altcinpb tu rapn 
Miracle) ncurded in Scripture m 
produced In the oidiniry coiiriD oT 

Jaa, U. The lubject ef the i 
piixe poem for the uiaaeot year i 

Tbe lubjicu uf axuDiaatioD in tba laiC 
week uf tha Lent TeiiB, IS3I, wUI ha, I. 
Tb* Act> of tha ApoiCei : 1. Faley'a Evi- 
dencea of Chrutiaoig • 3. Tha PrmHtlteua 
of X^iM]\vai 4. Tbe Tdth BwikuIi^U 




bu laiM in Um merelitnt brig Alert» (ram 
SpitbcAd* •ccomptnied hj bia brother, for 
tha weturo coMt of Uiftt bUlierto lltUc- 
Copland cooUaeot. ThcM travellers are 
iifttivea of Cornwall, aiul were both brought 
up to tb« printing businew at Truro. 
Tbey tre rcnarkaUy intelligent young 
men, and appear every way capable of 
•eoomplifthiDg the olject of their arduoae 
undertaking. They uke with then a letter 
from the Secretary of Sute, addreteed under 
a flying eeal to the Captain of the first 
King's ship tliey may chance to fall in with 
tfter leaving the Alert, which ts destined 
fur Cape Coast Castle. The orders in this 
letter are to convey the travellers to fiada-* 
gry» and to introduce theroi in the name 
of our Sovereign, to Adolee, the King of 
that ooontry, as persons in whose welfiire 
the British GuvernmeDt feel the most parti- 
cular interest. From tlieoce we undersUnd 
they will proceed to Katunga, the capiul of 
Yariba, and tlien to Houssa (where Mongo 
Park was lost,) with the intention of tracing 
the river Niger to its termination. Should 
the Niger lie found to flow into the Bight 
#if Benin, the Messrs. Lander are to return 
by that route ) but should it be found to 
flow to the eastward, into the Lake Tscha- 
dan Bomou, they are to return over the 
Gneat Desert to Tripoli, by way of Fezxan. 
In the prefiMO to his narrative of Capt. 
Clapperton s last expedition to Africa, just 
published, Mr. Richard Lander thus feel- 
ingly adverts to the above expedition, which 
had been determined upon by Qoverooient 
at the tine of bia writing ; 

« If eoergy and perseverance can avail ua 
any thing, 1 have the beat reasons for be- 
lieving that it will prove as succeasfnl as my 
most sanguine expectations lead me to hope 
that it will. At all evenU. nothing shall 
be wanting on our parts to accomplish the 
object In view. If we be so unfortunate as 
to fail, I may say with confidence and with- 
out vanity, that it shall not be attributed to 
a want of proper spirit and enterprise } since 
we have made the fixed determbation to 
risk every thing, even UCii itaelf, towards iu 
final accomplishment. We shall endeavour 
to conform ourselves, aa nearly u possible, 
to the manners and habiu of the natives ; 
we will not mock their blind superstition, 
hut respect it; we will not scoff at their in- 
stitutions, but bow to them; we will uot 
condemn their prejudices, but pity them. 
In fine, we shall do all in our power to ward 
off snspicion as to the inte^ity of our dm- 
tivea, and the innoecncy of our intentions i 
and this oannot be done mure effisctually 
than by mingling with the people in their 
general amusements and diversions. Con- 
fidence in ourselves, and in them, will be 
our best penoply; and an English Testa- 
■«Bt nor salast filish. Clothed iu this ar- 
ar, by the hleesing of God, we have not 
fh to (ear ; but if, by any casualty or un- 

LUerary and Scienlifie IiUeUigence, 


foreseen misfortnne, we perish in Afinca, 
nnd are seen no more, even then our fiite 
will not be more dismal than that of many 
of our predecessors in the same pursuit, 
whose gallant enterprising ipiriu have annk 
into darkness, without n voice to recoil 
their mehincholy end." 

Whilst the Lsadere seek the Niger 
from the western coast, a young Indies 
oflicer (Mr. Henry Welford) is about to 
saH for Egypt, and proceed tnenee to Sen* 
near, the Bahr^al-Abiad, and Monntalne of 
the Moon, from which point he will pene- 
trate, through the unexplored countfiea 
westward to the lake Tzad, retnromg either 
by way of the GoM Coaat, Timbnctoo, or 
the Desert. The B»hr-al-Abiad is now 
supposed to be the real and most abundant 
source of the Nile, and some celebrated 
geographers imagine that the Ttad la tlie 
reservoir from whicli this vast river b fwp- 
plied. The Mountains of the Moon have 
never yet been visited by any Eurtfipeani 
and Mr. Henry Welford's journey promises 
to be one of greater novelty and interest 
than any one sinee the first expeditions of 
Mungo Park and Denham. He goes qnite 
alone, in the costume of a Desert Arahj 
and will travel with the greater facility from 
his knowledge of eastern manners and lan- 
guages. He IS only twenty-one ycare of age. 

Sooth ArRiCAN Colligb. 
This College was opened, at the Capo of 
Good Hope, on the 1st of October last. 
The branches for which profimsort and 
teachers have been already provitfed, are— 
the English, Dutch, French, and chaalcal 
languages ; writing, arithmetic, geognphy, 
astronomy, mathematics, and mechanics. 
The professors are the Rev. Mr. Judge, thn 
Rev. Mr. Faure, and the Rev. Mr. Adamaon. 
The two latter gentlemen have offered their 
services gratuitously for one year, to afford 
time for procuring suitable persons from 

Spots in the Sun. 

There has Utely been a number of apoU 
en the sun's disc, two oi which were very 
lenmrkable, and might be seen with aa or-: 
dinary telescone. One of them was of aa 
obiong form, oroader at one end then th» 
other, and its length waa equal to three 
times and a half the diameUr of the eerth. 
The other was nearly of a rhomhoidal fignre, 
and the distaooe from its eastern to the 
western edge was equal to four tiasea and a 
quarter the earth's diameter. In other 
words, one was 96,673 milea long^ end the 
other 84,986 miles acroaa. The brewa 
shade encompaasiug six black spots mear 
sumd one-eighteenth of the sun's diameter. 
Thus, tak'mg the diameter of the ana at. 
88tf,149 miles, the spot must he 49,9*^ 


[ 65 ] 


Society of A11T152 varies. 

Jen, 14. TlioBU Amjoty esq. Treunrer, 
io ihe chair. 

An «bnnct was read of the ramaioder of 
Mr. Duke*' liiitorica) account of Wroxeter, 
the ancient L'rieonium g includii^ a vert 
long lilt of tho various Roman remains which 
are alaoat annuallj found in tlie precincts 
ef that distia^iahed station. 

The Rev. Cliarlet J. Bird, F.S.A. ex- 
Libiied four seals, 1. of silver, found at 
Walliagfoni, in shape round, (1 inchdiara.) 
and containing, witliio florid tracery, a shield 
hpiifr OB a tree, bearioe a chevron iMtween 
three heathcocks ; the legeud, SigUlum 
TtomedcHukeiy. 9.of bra8S,round(liiDch. 
diao.), containing within tracery a shickl 
(catircled by three dragons) bearing a lion 
rampant. The inscription is s. scabimor' 


■ovusKLC. 3. a gold ring, having a veiy 
beautiful antaqoe gem set in it, representing 
a female head enveloped in drapery, with a 
qaibUiAg motto, tecta x.eoe, lecta tege, 
(oval, sixe 7-8hy Il-IG). 4. of brass, oval, 
8 inches hy 1|, representing a standing 
figure of a bishop, very rudely executed, and 
surrounded by Aft inscription, ]^^^J ui 
the Irish character, Sigiii (Itmdoicetuis de 

trrhsti lagatn ep.* Mr. Bird also 

nliibited a inctal box, of a lozeuce form, 
ifilt, and studded with stones, found at Ash 
Court, near Margate. It opens like asnuff- 
liox, and is supposed to liave been a re- 

WJIiam lloskings, esq. presented draw- 
ic^% of two scuhitured metoi>cs, and otlicr 
fr^gment^ of a Grecian temple, explored by 
iiim at Pies turn; with some explanatory 

A niii«<el of an ancient batlt, discovered in 
tl.e j«land of Lipari« near Sicily, was ex- 
Ijhit*^ by Cnptsin William Hemy Smyth, 
r.S.A. accuropanicd by aii explanatory com- 
mriDtcatirm from the pen of tlmt gentluiiian. 
'J Li) f>eautiful, and, to all appoarHDCc, mi- 
Qutelv accurate model, ctmvcvs an admirable 
iiSrauf the economy of au ancient Hvpocaudt. 
Tber** were tbrj-c princi{>nl apHrtnivnts ; tlie 
fir*t a kind of ante-ohambrr, adjacent to 
vhirli was a place fur keeping vases of oil 
sriil uD;:ucnt4 for tbe liathcrs. Tlic flo<»rs of 


ihf oilier t«ro were conslructeil of srfuare 
tiles, re&tin;* on niiinrrous slioit pillars of 
tl-.« safn<* form ; the surface of the whole 
IcinK rovired with a mosaic pavrmcnt, 
Con.) used of black and white tesiivrx', dis- 
liii-utiiliu squarf'S, lozrogtrR, circles, and in 
llir loiiire of tfie two floors fdrinin;; fanciful 
rc-]rr%cniatiuo& of sea mon%tcis mul fislies. 
')i, om* of the ^'^l:nr^■'• of tin* |u\i iiiLUt, n,ir 
M.I rntrarcc of ihc fust iUilui«»r\ Rjinrtmcnt* 


was represented a pair of clogs, which Capt., 
Smyth conjectures were worn by tlie! 
bathers, to protect their Icet from tlio in- 
tense heat ot the floor ; he states that clogs 
are used by the Turks in their bagnios, at 
the present day, fur the very same purpose. 
An aperture at the l>ottom or one of the side 
walls of the first division of the sudatoryv. 
admitted the influx of a natural warm streamy 
which probably diffused itself all over tha 
liulluw space between the sqiure pillars 
under the tessellated floora, and found vent 
by another opening quite at the end of the 
building. Tlie heat of this stream was thus 
communicated to the floors aljovc, and more 
completely to tlie wliole apartment by 
moans of per|)cudicular ranges of flue tiles 
placed all round the walls of tlie two inner 
rooms. As there is no ap])earance of a 
prtrjunnum or stove among the details o( 
this model, it is probable that the liypocan^t 
was entirely indel>tetl for its warmth to tho 
natural fountain, which Captain Smyth says 
to this day maintains a temperature of 120 
degrees. The batlis exist in a secluded 
spot, and are concealed by a fertile vineyard. 
The island of Lipari will be recollected as 
the largest of a cluster of volcanic islands 
lyin^ north of the coast of Sicily. Sir 
William Hamilton states the circumference 
of the island at 1 S miles, tho population at 
h;o,000, and says that it is celebrated for a 
robust race of excellent sailors, and for the 
choice (luality of it^i wines.* The Lij>ari 
Islands were supposed by the ancients to be 
the abode of Eolus and Vulcan, and it ap- 
pears that a tale was current among tlie 
natives, that the flues of the hypocaust, as 
closely disposed in contact as the pipes af un 
organ, were wont occasitmally to emit wild 
and mournful sounds.f Captain Smyth in 
his couimunicatinn ol>;>crvc(l, that hathn 
were tlic frequent acconipaniriicnts of ancient 
temples ; ar.d It apjx'ars that tho present vcis- 
tii^f's are siiUHied in continuity to a temple, 
(we helievr) ofMlmrva. There would l»e 
ccrtaiiily <«omethiM/; very ela<!sicdl in tii** 
fictlim alluded to, ii connected with a fane 
dedicated to Molus. Vulcan and Eolus were 
\cry nutuffdly cho^on a*, the tutelary deities 
of the Li{Miri ^rou]) ; the fiiitt presided over 
the iiit<-inul fires of the »oiI, the lust o\ or 
the sttiruis disturhin:^ the seas by which it i<i'l. 

C.iptain Smyth cxhI1jit«>d at the same 
tiuio u piece of putnice stone, which lia«l 
l>et>n u^rd in (in ancloiit hath as a stri^il. 
•* I, puor, et stiij^iU's Olhpini ad Italnca 
drfpr." I'lUMUS. 

* Caiuj.i lMil»;;i.«i ; or, ()l>M>r\iLtions on 
th«» \"i»lcHiinf A of tin' tw(» Sicihf'- hy So 
W Ml. n.iinilt.)'i. Naple«i, \7";V). 

i' liif')ir'."ttiiM» iif* ..^>\. SrnwV 

[ <^ ] 






Bif John Taylor, Esq. 

I^AWRENCE I knew in his bright youth- 
ful (iajt, 
And then sdmlrM hb noble thint lor jpniBe; 
Saw bin, with unaflRected ardour, feel 
The foree of filial and fraternal aeaU 
I knew hit brothers^ and bit aeed tire, 
Who all retum'd his love with kindred fire ; 
With Jot I taw old Time attitt hit aim, 
Mature lib talent*, and promote hit fame ; 
And oft my bnmble Mute, with eager pride. 
To pay due homage to hit merit tried. 
While he at oft, with all tlie gcn'rout praite 
Of partial friendship, has r«ceiv*d my Uyt. 
Ah 1 as ho now hat fitli the mortal doom. 
What Worth, what Geniut, tiukt beneath 
the tomb! 

When Death had ttruck the Macedonian 
And Hope withlicld all promise of relief, 
Uis Council ttood arouud, a noble band, 
And ask'd who next thould hold topreme 

command ? 
*'I-iet him who is mott worthy," ho replied, 
And, with these parting wordt* the hero died. 
Since Lawrence, then, by Death't relent- 
less haste. 
Has left the Tealms of Genius and of Taste, 
May Graphic Cliieft the great example own, 
And *Mum most worthy" fill the vacant 



QEASON of mmiMl ever smiling bright* 

£*en througn the gentle rain, thy fruitfal 

tears, [fears I 

Blest Hope U thioe, unclouded o'er by 

For we regard thy sweet and sudden showers 

But as the harbinger of tweeter flowers, 

With which thy roU all richly shall be dight> 

And which slull be the pride of summer 

When ardent Phoebus may too brightly shine! 
Sweet Spring ! the happy task is ever thine 
To call the flowers from out their winter 
And waken them again to life and light .' 
With thee the hours run swift their silent 
And whether thou dost blundly smile or weep. 
We know thee so benign, that we some good 
must reap ! 


A LL liail ! tlte lusty manhood of tlie year. 

When >«atufc mmm* rujuicing iu liur 

prnm, fciiti>o, 

IVJjc'/j lifjc'uiii^ liAtsLSU i^'ild our ifruitl'ai 

And the 8an sails more gladly tlirevgh hb 
sphere. [tioM 

How sweet and soothing b that bremtblcaa 
Of Summer, when eve's softest breeiea 
Bring to the ear the far 6S viUaga slum* 
(To the lone seaman's memory nM)st dear)* 
A tianquil sense (^ happiness bestowing x 
And tlien how sweet the mnrmnr of tha 
O'er golden pebbly sands inceaiant flowing I 
Now is each tree dad in hb gayest gear^ 
Each flower most frograat, green caah 
meadow's look, [Nature's book! 

And brightly radiant seems eaeh page of 

^OW are the year's wild youthful pabea 
And A^c's cooler blood in all its veins % 
The full ripe grain crowns ei-ery rising hiU, 
Well pleas'd the husbandman beholds tha 
gains [pB'M. 

Of wise forethought, and long^untiring 
Blythu Harvest yields his joyful tributa now* 
Each well-cropp'd field does its dark rus- 
set suit, [bough, 
Pomona's gifts are torn from branch and 
Fur Earth in Autunu yblds her choicast 

Nor yet arc all the little songsters mote 
That glad our fields, but o'er the Waatem 

main [v»y» 

The swallow wends hb loug and unlmovn 
The yellow leaves fall from their pamt 

spray, [wane ! 

Aud every thing proclaims the year upon tha 

VyiNTER! 1 love thee! full of Ihial and 
As e'er thou art, yet still of kindly feeliBgy 
That thedt into the heart itt warmAett glow 
More redolent : whene'er I think on thee 
1 think upon the clear and oalm firetlde 
Where Mirth doth ever tit, and Glee brigfiC 
eyed ! [pMlng* 

While still without thy wildest blasta are 
And icy frost o'er lake and river stealing \ 
All earth b voiceless now -, each late green 
Bare of all leaves, presents a piteous e^ht ! 
Yet do I ybid not up to dread or gloom^ 
For well I know, sura as day follows night. 
Nature shall burst her temporary tomb, 
And Spring shall come ^ain, with all 
his buds and bloom ! j. Wiostbaix 


By Eliza BELFouii. 


AS a Ixjld littlu Gnat once extended hb 
Some duVaut fine yiuipects to view. 

jO^Ql] Seleol Poetry. 

BrnoJ alHt in pniJ«o» l.ii i«retiW thuugUt H"'. though mj humble wivei you tc 

So *i)Cukr Uut ill tl'auld entuB. B™"- 

Willi toBM (riemJt who abode in ■ •T»morc " And, though of nak M.! Iremure t 

,,„ Much «i! your might *diI deiitli yaa 

A, he w^t-a. in««tiou. «a g.y. Vol, but iuccua ll« boundle.. n«i«, 

lie ni«n"*il. -hile •browJ, ha night dine, Aud lo uunieotitj we loit. 

w UU la. Th<l> do-D the •trenm of hu>nu llfu 

Oi tt leiM ImvB hii cftrd, b;' the my. Ths lich, the ■hject, ud op|>reil, 

Ikl-raiofi 1«. bo™e«rd, . mwUm U.idf, FIn.t -mid «.ck. of woe .nd n.ife, 

•Hal «M D«r the .UrU of » wwoJ, And m one cmm-.i hw.u re>t ■ 

\ «ift. (wagij S-illow, hii b*.k op'oing His>^'' J""- >»«9- 

Ow Iblle Iniglit iiMCI punoed. 
Hhh Mirf^tin he m^Jr, like ■ fooi pent- 

iMhue, f^ 

rn« £m.uoI'.oo h>> life i^ «ci..P, 
WhcD * SpiJcr uII'J oul, fcoiu hi> xell- 


" Ukbev ti4»Lci mv Mvlum ii sure t 

^" I , i , HOW cjm! ho» J8M.1.! i.i ihi. peue 

TVOotitnlghltheaffMembrMedi j^^ ^^^^ j ^^^^ j,^^ ^^^j^.^ Ua.ue.tuou. 

ftmllghiiBg he found, M ho ihuddwd n« ^ptU liu dlMfi(«»t«i j liuu tetaala, 


ah bwly -iili immmel. eul.eed. .,.(,, ,,re«n« of • God ,',o oo« ( f«l. 

JU iUi the |n»r Gut 'gu> to weep *ad VVlio deigns in meicy in]> ulatm to he*l : 

luneni; [peace!" A piijiBg fwher, He fnini e»oij wu« [Ion: 

Wlwi the SpldM mdeiui'd, "PriiL™ Would •Weld hIi cliildxau.pitgtim. Uexe b«- 

'■ fnu die Soalluw iirMOT'd, in loj web Why mu the >raiks of bii all-po»e(fiil 

be eantani, liud, [Uud I 

Oi CiiucACt ihcll ioitiDlIf ceuo." Who formM ui to inbcrli Cunan'i piuraii'd 

_. , ,,._ 1 ,„.„,, II ._. He willt lepontancfl, jelallowi the cliarm 

■' i'tt belttr," he cried, " 1> a brute, ojieb " 

f^^ Oh ihuu 1 ' who midit tlieie mountaioi' 

llMfl B wilj and treachetout friend ! " wintrj gloom, [a tomb, 

Camo — sought ihe hoar-fcii"t — Jciert* — and 


A Um, Bi the Ta(>us wide, I loie to tnco thee in ihii tarced place, 

.Silent, majnCe id -U couiw,— When, cradled in (he clouds, ih} holj race 

tlowiu ia all the pump of pride To God liy mn pnlHa i u the strains ascend, 

PioSnai— twi'lleBiniuforcfl— They wilh the heavenly elmir of angels blend. 
Keooach'd, with no melliflouus tongue, Sick, tired of worldly Joyi, ere icarceJj 

A gCBtte StreanJei, mutm'riog uear, tried, 

W«l, flower; «alei aud wood« among, Tlie penii«e Ireicller hero ius often ligh'd. 

TIm pCMWit'i henl and (toclu to tliceri Time rocks— tUete firs, to lolBiun thought 
ii«iU.ough-ilh.edKe«'d, . E"" !>''»'' i l^"'^- 

"BehoM, while jaa obscurely pour, Lo„ ],„ ii, ,„,;!„, but oft'nci " 

«■ ny fiill bream what •eisets urowd, of Jiglnej ftlendjhip bitwi is 

WbUe Commerce W the dUlant i*""- - - ' ■ - 

Prwbims my cooieijueiice ala 
''To mil ■ Natioo'i drevi comRUiil, "ell ! ["hoi 

KdM* uiJ graiideoi I uufold ; H*ppj are tl.oy who sc-ek your wacv.™ 

For. pltoty tiJrauliDg o"=. the Isnd, Still Uppier fiite in tlieso relreaU to d»dl, 

My wuU are sptcut will, gliu'iiag gold!" And tempt the euth't del uaifc joys no 

■Thhi," n^ the SltMnleli "you wore """' _ _ L J— 

life's iileaturei weary — labour* are in vaio. 
Ve, who fur God have bide the oorlJ fare- 

.■ ipiKd joiii way io powc 

[ 70 1 





A decitioDy pronounced by the Royal 
Court of Paris, has given great aatisfiustion 
to the friends of the freedom of the press. 
It was in the case of an appeal by M. Bar- 
theleniYt the author of a poem entitled *' La 
Fils d* Homme/' and M. David, the printer, 
against the judgn»ent of the Correctional 
'wlbunal, which sentenced the former to be 
imprisoned three months, and to pay a fine 
of 1,000 francs, and the latter to pav a fine 
of 85 francs. The Court confirmed the sen- 
tence of the Correctional Tribunal as to M. 
Barthelemy, and pronounced for the free 
discharge of M. David, on the ground that 
he did not act, in printug the poem, with 
any bad intention. The principle laid down 
by the Court, that the mere act of agency 
in printing an objecUonable work, does not 
prove the existence of a criminal intention, 
is hailed by the Liberal party as a rule by 
which future decisions will be guided, and 
not arising out of the peculiar circumstances 
of this case. 


The King of Naples has been excommu- 
nicated by the Holy See. De Medici, the 
Finance Minister, left that city a short time 
since to Join the King at Madrid, and on 
his way was obliged to pass through Rome. 
Hardly was he arrived there, when a demand 
was made on him, as the representative of 
his master, of a tribute, which has been due 
a long time to the Pope. Medici demurred ; 
but Albani was not to be denied, and a rup- 
ture was the consequence. It is understood 
that the utmost extremities will be resorted 
to unless the sum demanded be paid. 


Great honours have lately been done to 
Ochleuschlaeger, the celebrated Danish poet, 
in Sweden. He was received at Lund as if 
he had been a conqueror. He was addressed 
by the students, honoured by the King, and 
crowned with laurel by Tegner, the author 
of «*FrithioiF," and the prince of the living 
poets of Sweden. The Danes and Swedes 
nave long been accustomed to regard one 
another with jealousy and hatred ; but, on 
this occasion* the nations seemed to Uend 
like brothers in common affection. 


The following is a statement of the reve- 
nues and expenses of the state of Greece, 
from January 1898 to May 1889 : 

Revenues of State . . • 
Capital of National Bank 
Seizures not liquidable . . 
Debts due to State . . . 
Capital advanced by President 
French subsidies .... 
Russian subsidies .... 






Army and Navy 7,488,886 

EtublishmenU for puUic service 978,784 
Salaries of Department . . . 751,847 
Interest paid by National Bank 15,519 

Orphan Asylum 966,608 

Poo' 149,759 

Advances made to state crediton 1 19,708 
Arrears of fanners of sUte 
Lord Cochrane .... 
Austrian Admiral Dandolo 
Ready money in Treasury 



Pay menu which lutve yet to be made 136,800 



The Russian General Kisselef has issued 
an address to the Divan of Wallaebia, upon 
his taking the office of President of the 
Turkish Principalities on the Danube, in 
which he promises an honest administntioa 
of the public affairs entrusted to him, and 
an iodulgeot and k'md treatment, in aider 
to alleviate the miseries inflicted oa the pio- 
vioces by the war. It declares that the in- 
tention of the Emperor Nicholas, at ita 
commencement, waa to render the occnp^ 
tion of the Principalities as little oppieasivn 
to their inhabitants as possibles out thai 
the functionaries employed in that quarter 
had been guilty of great extortions. The 
system of forced cin had been resorted to, 
and the presence of a large body of strangers,- 
instead of being a blessing, by supplying a 
market for the productions of the provinces, . 
had been a curse. All these evils, oe asaniea 
the Turkish authorities, shall be amended. 

An earthquake was felt in the night of 
the 95th of November, in Odessa, Jasay, 
Czemowitz, Hermanstadt, Kronstadt, and 
many other places in Transylvania and the 
Buckowina. It did considerable mischief at 
Bucharest, where 116 houses, among wliich 
is that of the English Consul, liave been 
rendered untenable by iu effects. FifUen 
churches are so much injured that they can- 
not be used. The tpwn of Kiupria, on the 


Pareigtt News, 

ove, Egji.1 

T>, fioI.h (he 
»hich *r. cut 
we niuit Dol om 


Ddiol publ 
is " Ne»i 


puDUd in tbu 
cation. The luts 
f Ectp,." «.d il 

u inicribed on 
cli tU riaiog 

Uia Buuli 
of the Pio 
h» fiieods 

«« .go, »,. . P«,. p.«r. Cp- 
u, ■ French officer in the lervlc* 
h.ofEg,pt, «ntuff. for«neof 
n FrincB. « cgllei^lion «f Mli- 

liilduik, fatiliulUrporpMO, iretakTriTa 
_, .. . . Fnnee, indepcndentlj of thme yuung 

Afrigklftd ucukol uc«urT(>l on the lilh Egyptiiuu nlin ire lo pTonecule [hFiriludiu 

M Imul. io the e>ploi"ion of ■ ihip, Men ■-*'--•--• t - - . 

irilli powder tai other unmBnidDD, hj 

vbWIi t>D raaguinn nre toUlIji dutrujed, 

ad ^he Rto& of mbouE AD houHi blown olT- 

Ib 40O more not m pane uf slui wu left. 

Tour thmIi that I17 De*r tbe (hrp which 

h>4 blown up were deitrojed m u iaitini, 

tai mitnl ailieri which la; at a gmWr 

blacfci of is*, were houted through the air, 
aada Uliag 00 tile roob of hnnieir cam- 
It ii KMnaiaed that fortj'-two pcrioni woe 
wonicd, •ad lii killed. 

Op lit* (Ttti of Notembfr, by the caie- 
leoBeai of an anillerjrmioi an eiploiion 
UnA pl*f« in the great powder' manzine at 
Sbnla, Aicb not onijr deiirojed tile whole 
of ika ftuos boildingi in which there were 
Ca,a«0 wtridse* and tOOO barrel) uf gun- 
fowdn, but lortj ficld-piecei, that were 
M^r M be aanl to Adiiaoople, were for the 
^m ftn melted, and fortj-eight artillerj- 
Bew killed. In the lame buildiog there wu 
a atfuJBu of proviiioni. C0Dlaiaiag> it ii 
miit 10,000 H^Ju of eorut and a gieat 
ndtilj of pcoeiaioni, wliich were deilrofeil. 
TW fiit ia (bia magazine cocttnued the 
whole d*r. anil ai the bombt, greudei, &c. 

a Ajwg about in all directioni, nobudj 
id W Cjitinguith It. 

locne crocodiiei' eggi. DurioK the paauge, 

three smalJ crocodllei lao out. On (he wajr 
(hej bad devuiired leveral roll) of papjru), 
and the hudagci (od mumiD; of an ibit, ij 
which Duthiug remained but the clftwi and 
tuine of the feathers. 

TW PmIib of Egjpt )le*dil]> proeeeds in 
Ibawerit of political refurmalion. The pro- 
niMn ban mcq diiided iaiu deparuncnti, 
■rwfcuBM lite, add lub-anondiieinejiu. A 
ttBtnl aaaainUf, or general dinn, compoied 
of dr^tiei from all the proiiacei, to (he autieei, 
aaiilii I of Dim than twobuodred members, cUimed, 

haa to long iirevaTled in India. Itwufc' 
vourabi; received bj the Bralimins, the onlf 
cluf who were thought Ukelf Eo make any 
oppoaition to it. Beuuei, (he Hulj City, 
ai i( ii called, and one of the most aneieuC 
of Hindoo luperstitiuD, U one of the 

lionarf there, c 

i Mr. Smith, the 

l3lliof February, 
LHQv luuuirs : " iieii( oiit by the riiror 
le, and cuuiened with a number of Brnh- 
ni on religiuus aiibjecla, and alio bruugbl 
the order respecting the proliibilion of 
Iteei, on hearing which a Brabmia ex- 

le ca|iital. Some thirty uffi' frum lieeu f So many years hsl thii cruet 
y, attached to the ao- practice been carried on, and bai conipu- 
ro 10 form part uf thi» ' ' ' 

B of the general ait 
oa, of what nature ■ 
Tb« MBding of young 1 
IB «da tbM th«y may be in 

mbly all public 
*.er they may 

liMBBfial ana, has not been diicoociuued. 
S> SsTptui hare been lenl to Toulon to 
ImtB 3^ an of building ships uf war. The 
)—[« brother of Noureddia Bey. a ma- 
{■■(^■ml ia tbe •cnice of the Pachs, and 
fisuBa* popila, who Br* Io apply thcmieliei 
(Olba (UUIt of mecbanict and larioui ma- 
aaliciar**. hare been seut 10 Parii. Re- 
seatiy tklrfy~faur Mbolin, frota the age <^ 
•ifhl ta fiftces, heie arii>eii at Marteillei i 
ili*y are deatioed for the study of hydraulic), 
lluof ianl archileeluie, and fiflien other 
knmiha of HMchanitm. Thirty other uu- 
f>b Ml (o bUv Uiem ia Sue, JJi uJiet 

ought tu ha. 


: of (lie 

a little e: 

uppoied 10 be 
scut OTer hy military meii, 
with the view of intimidadng (he Cumpauy 
from catiyiDg their projecd into elfect. 


lu Nova Scutia, under the pttrODigs of 
Lord Dalhoiuie, a ciillrge, u|juu a large 
scsle, lias been eitUtllslied. By a boiuot 
nfa Mr. M'Gilt, the oicau) for e.taUluhiog 
- third cullege, of princely nu^aiScoDce, id 


I been 

lulj lojil . 

Jvided. AuL 



ircd fruoi llieCiowu t'j hie^v^a.- 


Foreign New$,-^Domeitic Occurrences. 


con Strach&D| of York, in tliat province, f»r 
A aniversitv, upon a tcale vrorthv of the an- 
cient founders of the colleges of Oxfbnl and 
Cambridge. The exfienie for the building 
of this collcee is not estimated at much less 
than that of King's college, London. 

Since September 1894, a Roman Catholic 
church has been erected in Montreal, which, 
for magnitude, has not a parallel in all the 
ecclesiastical structures raised in Christen- 
dom since the denunciation of the Jesuits. 
It is calculated to contain 10,000 persons ; 
is adorned with six lofty towers, three on 
each side ; and the two on the West front 
will, when finished, be nearly as high as 
those of Westminster abbey. Tlie Eastern 
window at the liigh altar is (i4 feet in height. 
In point of ornament, and curious carving, 
such as adorn the cathedrals of the old 
countries, it is certainly inferior ; but in 
distant effect, from its situation and its 
towers, it is equal to any uf them. 


From an authentic return of the Slave 
population of the Colony of Demeiara and 
Essequibo, made on the 31st of May, 1899s 
it ap{>ears that, up to that period, the num- 
ber of Slaves of both sezet amounted to 
60,36*8, the females exceeding the malea 
l>y about one-fifth. The mortality in th« 
Colony during the three Ust years, up to 
the date abovo-mentioneda was in the pro- 
portion of one in twelve. 

In the course of the last twelve yeara, tba 
most considerable importations of Slavea in- 
to Dcmerara and Essequibo from other Co* 
Ionics took place between 1817 and 1890. 
Tliev have since greatly decreased. Of th# 
whole amount of Slaves above specified^ it 
ap|>cars that 36,691 are Afncans, and 
49,677 Creoles. It is remarkable that tlio 
number of deatlis among the Slaves daring 
the last twelve years has exceeded that m 
births by about an average of 1 800. 



Jan. IT). A meeting of tlie freeholders of 
Devoushire, relative to the Tithe Laws, tuck 
place in the Castle-yard, Exeter, having 
been convened by the Sheriff on a requisi- 
tion signed by upwards of eleven hundred 
i«yers and receivers of tithes. The Hon. 
Newton Fellowcs proposed the petition. It 
was seconded by C. P. Hamlyn, esq. in a 
speech of great length, in which he took a 
review of tlie origin of tithes, tliclr original 
appro])rlBtion, and entered into calculations 
to sliow their unequal operation, under the 
■present mode of collection, upon the fanner, 
fhe petition, which was adopted almost una- 
nimously, set forth — <* That, since tithes 
were originally estabHshed, all property has 
undergone material changes, and particu- 
larly agricultural, by the operation of these 
laws ; and. In consequence of an increase of 
public burdens within these thirty years, 
coupled with other circumstances, the in- 
conveniences of them have been rapidly ac- 
cumulating. That your petitioners have also 
to complain, that disputes rcsprctlng tlio 
payment of tithes are determined in a Court 
constituted in a manner peculiar to itself, 
and without the constitutional intervention 
of a jury. That your petitioners usk for no 
innovations on the princi])le8 of the X3ritish 
Constitution, nor for any unfitir or impro{)cr 
sacrifice from any party, but humbly pray 
that your honourable House will, at as early 
a perloil in this Session of Parliament as the 
businrns of the Nation will allow, take into 
its most seriout* consiJerutlon the present 
state of the Titln; I^ws, and the effects now 
resulting from them^ " i<c. 

Tlie accounts from different |iartt of «h« 
country are generally of a desponding nn« 
ture. At Jiudtiersfield, a public meeting 
was lately held, at which a moat melancholy 
picture was given of the general diatraM 
among the operatives in that quartor ; whore 
aliove 1 8,000 individuals only hai ftuopcwrr 
hal/hermy a day to subsist upon ! 

The accounts from CovetUry represent tht 
state of the artizans, and other Uboofon in 
that city, as most deplorable. The poor 
rates, and the number of paapera^ are leni^ 
fully on the increase. The director! of dM 
poor have thought proper to memotianie 
the Privy Council on this state of things. 
Amongst other remarks, they obserw tliat 
** the casual out-poor («f Coventry, hi the 
month of December 1 897, amounted to 980 
families, which number of fiimilies is now 
augmented to 1 ,81 3. [n the month of Ja- 
nuary 1828, the number of individuals in 
the House of Industry was 188; in the 
month of January 1880, it amounted to A^S, 

The following is an extract from the peti- 
tion agreed on at the ff'Htshire Sessions, 
and sigDed by every Magistrate present :— 
*< That the most alarming distress pervades 
both the agricultural and manufacturing dn- 
tricts of this county ; that such distress can- 
not, they fear, be attributed to temporary 
causes, or be exi>ected materially to abate 
tvithoiU Lfgislativf interference £ and that 
they entertain mitst serious apprehtnukms t^ 
the gradual. Nit no less certain , extinciion of' 
their jtropertij.'* 

Jan. 16'. On this day a most numcrons 
meeting was held at the Town-hall, Donettx- 
ter, Sir W. Cooke in tlie chair ; and jieti- 
tions were adopted, praying Parliament t«i 
take "mlo irt\ii\cAmc <:in\s\<\c\tk\\ou the dif- 

Do ni CI fie Oeciirrenc 

M ccnmcrr. Tlit lingua^ 

tiftt* ip^ns niared it rstjr itrang fnling 

•■ tW nljca. Mr. PiUiagtoB Mid ■ cr>- 

m had aiTind atHu. •oiMtl.iDe muti be 

<IW| i d Mr. DcBiMm d«lu«cl hit opinion 

hid Dtitjr the eliuici nt 

fUDine-knifaor ihe tponec. 

' -ViLoD, t-D of n>e 

.f (Ih conolj uf Norfoll uiembted 

« Iba Shir* Hall, WancicA, the High Shr- 
off ia the chair, (o aictee la a patitioo for 
ihanpolii/lbaMattTu. Theiawcreup- 
nidi tt i ,S(W panoni piuent, IncludiBg itJ 
iIm aa Mawn and gcnLlimea >ho uiusllj' 
Bfet a part in the public EH-ocufdlngi or tile 
tewj, Air. W. Bulmer moved > leriei uf 
(HolotiaDa, oce of irhieh declared "Thit 
Iha t^nl of iba Dotiei oa Mdt would 
pcBilf hcBifit the CDDiumen general ly, but 
•01* Bpeeiellf Hould it relicie the labour- 
Bg nai) iaduitriuui clutn, hy plw 

1 of b 

vaaMar, and baking their own bread; by 
(be aaal of whieb ihej are now drlren to 
tbe a>e sf atdeot (piriti. !□ (hi deitraetion 
of their health and monli." Thej were 
•reoadad bj Mr. Cake, who dectued bin- 
•ctf K idneale br ibe repeal oF bolli the 
Mtit isd Beer Taie* ; but, u it -u nut 
IMf Uw; would iibuia ibe repeal of mars 
Usa ooa, ht preferred tbe repeal of (ha 
Tn «n Malt. The reTolutlonui ••r had 
bam iIk priman cauie of ill the diitreu 
aad laahinptej wlilfh had ukeu place liace, 
■od ef the weaeot ImpeuJiug danger ta tbe 
nnairj He Hid the ulliar eimntiet hid 
ta fallo* the »aaipla of I.iucoliuhire and 
n«rMfc. aad ihen lie ihould like f, an the 
Mlaiilil «ha dare nfiue wbil wai tbe joint 
rinam af lb* pride ul Ei^ilaad. The reio- 

.CT.ber. lo tlie B.ih and Rallwaj. 
wai held at the Buth Tiiem, Briilul. w\ 
it wai unanimoualy regnlved, " That tlie ._ 
tended line orKailwi; rrom BitU to Briitol 

wherelj paalengeri and goods InaT be con- 
veyed wiili perrccc ufelji, at a nM not ei- 
ceediog one-third of the 
and with tiich expedition lad [eguluity ii 
all teuoni, whether of froit or flood, ar 

cauon between tba twu citiei. and thereby 
aecure eueutial adrantagea to the met- 
chiDU, mapulicturen, iruj traderi of Brii- 
tol, and afford great conveniroee to the liii- 
ton of Clifton, Hot-wallt, Bath, South 
Wale>, and Ireland," 

Mr. Ede, in a pimphltt oo tlie Poor 

uUtei the number 

luilly flock to thli 

the end of March to the beginning of OcU>- 
beri durii^ which aS weeki their earning), 

which they carry back froi 

A vtnlne ''a> al 
a S«aM, for the 

uatrly fl 

n held a 

WM ol petlnoning 
friiiamrM lor ine ripeal of the Dutlea on 
Mih Kut Beer, ohen a ttiiei uf re>olotiona 
ii> iha abate effect, prepared bj Mr. Her- 
hertCmWi*, were uaanimoualy pataed. At 
■ha Lam Qaarter Seuioni, tbe County 
UiglaUaica draw up a lepreaentalion on the 
fa» m at of the couB^, It wai brwarded 
(0 the Dale of Wellington. 

Jtn. in. — A hre broke out at a ibop- 
kacptt'* In the lown of Sl-rtrnru, wliicii, 
eain< to the peculiarly oomburtible natsre 
at tSt bflikUaga, deitrored 64 houaei, be- 
■ifa aU-boildiag(, before it cautd be 
M^ped. The Ion ii ettiuiated at 80,000^ 
■hoaar about one half ii imurcd in the .Sue, 
Ceoatf. Kaat, aad Norwich office!. Oaly 
laa or ihna yeart ago, a Grc uf timilir ei- 
inl oceorred, tbe houiei being aliDoat 
aliallf hillt of fir and wiather-buarding, 
•id Mitf; freqaaaUy oevertdiitb tarpaulin. 

Jtn. IK, A geafral mealing of tin lub- 
OatT.IAAC..Janmr!,, 1830. 


io,ooo(. 1 

.0 *l. each. 

of which earaing* are (alien from the Eag' 
liih tabuDrec at tlis nuisl valuable time oi 

The Ifnlhrr.— Tlie Mverity of the preieni 


oof 01 


rain, and raoid (liaw. The inaw which fell 
on the ISth nt Jan, wu drifted by the 

rioui parta of (lie public ruadi, putting a 
■top tu the puHgo of carriage!. In the 

laled Id •omc place! tu (li* depth uf Is nr 
16 feet. The mow up.iD Meodip baa bi'en 

Upwards oflO waggooa and carti were Gun- 
pleCelv blocked u|i near Oakhill, nud K) co- 
vered with tlie im.w (bit only ■ little i.f tlie 
topufoue of the wiggaoi wu tiiihle. rifiy 

the mow, and the road wai at Itngth ren- 
dered in lume degree paaiable. Since what 
ia teraied "the great froit of 1B14," we 
have nnt experienced f n long a continutncii 
of cold .eailier, nor ha> travelling Uen .0 


Jan, 9. TUii DiorDiDg a vnung man. 
named Croney, went into tha yaid in the 
Tower, rouud which tlia etgei of the 
Imum are placed, for (ha puri^oae of te- 
muving (he honea which had lieen swept 
outuf th* ctgei after the beiiU had breii 
fed, whan oat uf the leujiaiil!, ibe keeper 

upon tiim, and tllokin; bii iinmeuie cLwt 



Domatk Occurrtncm. 


oa Moh ftidt of bit Mok, graiptd the baok 
of it with hi« twkt, uid knpt a fiMt hold. 
Crooty called out for ataitlMMOi aod HMch- 
ing out his hand, •odMTOSKd to foroo open 
tho keeper's room door, bat it vie fattODed. 
The keepers at length eame to hn assist- 
aBce» and stunned uw aninal by giving him 
eome tremendons blows on the head with a 
large fowling-|»eoe. Cronej*s neck and 
ahouMert were serionsly hijured, and he 
waa carried to Guv's UospitaL 

Jam. 9. A robbery wat commitled at the 
Royal Mint to a great eatent, and mider 
eireumstances of great aodacity* A man 
named Kfith, employed in the moneyer's de- 
partmeaty had eight Joumays of gold blanks 
given over to him, for the purpose of putting 
into the regular prooese or stampiag for 
aovereians. Ha frent away with naif the 
blanks (9008) and wee not miaeed for some 
time afterwai^ When faiqalries were made 
fin* bun, it wee found ha had decamped with 
the prooerty. One hundred pounds is offered 
by tne Mint for the appreheaaion of Keith, 
lOOZ. upon has conviction, and 800/. npoo 
the recovery of the whole property stolen, 
or hi proportioB for any part thereolL 

Jan, 14. A verdict waa given in the 
Court of King's Bench, £mages 60/. 
against 7%e Timet Newspaper* for a libel 
on Mr. Alaric A. Watts, a ^oUeman distin- 
guished in the literary world, which aroee 
rirom the police report of a fiaess with a Jew 

JoH, 19. The first annual meeting of 
the Dropriatof* of shares in the St. Katha- 
rine s Docks was held at the Dock-house, 
Tower.hill, Thomas Tooke, Eeq. in the 
chair. The report stated, that the total 
cost of the docks, and all the works and 
build bgs within the boundary wall, was 
1,988,478/. I and an additional outlay of 
196,995i. was required, which it was pro- 
posed to raise bj an iuue of debentures, 
reserving the rignte of the holders of thosa 
already issued. Of such additional ontlav, 
the excess upon the estimates is only 
45>89L2. It. 8tf< the remaining sums being 
required to defray the expense of additional 
works, buildings, improvements, plant fix- 
tores, and contingencies. The directors 
reeommenda divideiMl of one and a half per 
cent, iipon the fixed capital 1,859,8002. 
(the interest on debentures, up to the 6th of 
October last, having been paid}, which will 
leave a balance of 14,9262. 19t. 9d. to be 
carried to the credit of the revenue account 
of the next half year. The report was re- 
ceived with strong marin of approbation. 
The Chairman then observed, that 80 ships, 
between 800 and 800 tons register, had on- 
tared iStm dock during the last year. 

Jan, 90. In the High Couit of Dele- 
gates two appeal cases were dismissed with- 
out the Court coming to any decision. The 
fiftt was an appeal from the sentence of the 
Judge of the Prerogative Court, by which 

an alleged wfll of Mr. J. Qoftoo, of Chmr 
ton-hJl, Warwick, hi fiivow of Mr. Henry 
Wyatt, was set aside, on the grovnd that it 
was obtained by firaud and etrmmvantioD. 
Mr. Justice litUedale, the prases, informed 
the parties, that the Couit had come to iho 
determination to a4joum their decisSoB, 
without naming a day to deliver it. The 
parties might, in the mesa tine» ooaaidff 
whether they should eome to any ami^- 
ment which would render it mmeeeseary to 
require the Judgment of the Coort. The 
other ceee was an appeal, like the former 
one, firom the Prerogative Court, whereby 
the will of Mrs. Sophia Harding, in fovonr 
of her husband, Mr. John Harding* waa set 
aside on the ground of its haviiM[ bean ob» 
tained by undue influence. The Court dell* 
bemted about half an hour, when the dooia 
were opened, aad the registry rend the 
order of Court» which was, that the Coort 
was divided in opinion, and as neither of the 
three Common Law Judges concwrad with 
the majority (the Delegates from iba GvU 
Courts), their Lordships gave no deeieion. 

A Commission has recently bean ap? 
pointed to remedy the abuica and delaya 
existing in the Ecclesiastical Courts. ByjM 
Act of last Sesaion, the Judges of the jBor 
clesiastical Courta are authorixad to ettftr 
blish tables of foee, aad toreguUta tho dn- 
ties of the depoty-registmri and cladti ef 
seats I and it providM thfit, b liitiira a^ 
pointmeotsy derka of seats shall anoMli 
their dutiea in person. The Aet anrhoriaca 
additional Court-days andaholiehea holida|a» 
and it empowers the Court of Pecoliara to 
sit in the Hall at Ductors'-oommoae» inr 
stead of the vestry-room at Bow choroh. 
Considering that these Courts originated in 
the usurpation of the Romish chnnh ; 
that their forms of proceedings are at vniianca 
with the principles of English law | that 
procrastination aad expense are eo flagrant 
there, that even Chancery praotitioDara 
point at them with the finger of eeom \ 
and, Ustly, that the costa in an ecokaiaati- 
cal suit, instead of being the Beoamaiy 
price paid for justice, are avowedly an es- 
f^ne of puoishmcDt,— it would aetm.tliifo 
instead of reform, total excisien would bi 
the fittest remedy for the evils of a sfitaB 
of judicature, which makes up hi veMlioa 
what it wants in power. 

Jan, 91. A numerous meatlqg of t)^ 
nariahioners of St. Andrew, Holbom, wni 
neld tlm day* to take into ooMidaration the 
claims of the rector, the Rev. Mr. Baree*- 
ford, relative to tithes, when, after oonei- 
deraUe discusaioo, it waa resolved tooffw a 
composition in lieu of tithes and B»ater» 
offerings. Counsel's opinion had been oibr 
tained relative to the dbputed chum, for 
tithes in the Middlesex 'portioa of the 
parish. It stated that the rector oniuld Aot 
maintain his claim upon the parlibiomers 
generally who reaidfMi in MiddWaeXy and 

1S30.] Ttuatrieol Rtgkltr.—Promolhni and Prtfermentt. 

Ul bcM IB itu Iwbii of pitiag Kllin i nd 
■ illdiriiatM dia ttetnr'i bmk, in mltie' 
ih* Katipu of tiMM tlthn wer* «Dtr>rei 
nnld b* tofioicbt •lideaca tOMwUbh li 
i^^la thai ptrtkmln. 

Tb* fclkmn ii an Abinut of (1w Nc 
PnidMc nf tb* Rcnnaa of Grnt Biiuin i 
B ih* &(h of Ji 

It niriit, olJHt ii to lacKui 
«l to thoM tha pnireiiion, uid Ii 

. iBao. 


.18,700,378 17.7*3,-1 

. »,tSS^«a 0,1144,6: 

. 1,400,000 1,376,01 

. 4,S4S.30I 4,S9e,SI 

. »b'4,166 449,0' 

f4S,30S,391 ^£47, 139,87a 
Oiwww «■ ih* Vew, ^i,isa,44». 

A ■■■ amcgCMBCnt vf dMir hM uiea 
r^w ia Uw Cliwil flojkl u WhiMhmll, in 
I !■!■■— nai at ■hkli lb* maDlbl; Pmchrn 
t^ te IiH Unvenitinmndiipinied with. 
^1* pffc*olicr*hJp« »en nlabLiibed by Kiiiy 
Ou (. ibi ibr purpoK of bringing intu dd- 
liomidnit Fcllo-iur till two Ual>enili». 

,/*>.«■. Tb« mtmlnr. of the Lao Jjuti- 
Uiio* (od fntudf ceiabnlcd ibc coanieiic*- 

Thit li 

niMd t< 

wah -hich.ii* 
beililiBg, lo coiH 

Ua«r. qF il» d> 

KapccUlHlitf of 
■dviDtaga uf iu mvmivri i 

tH»ki, ui uSc« of n 

><l *lih dHkt 
w b« kept mn 
Acd -.til tlia 

«6l. mb. 



Jan. i. A hrL-e, entitled The lIuibaiuT, 
JUiilaie, or [*( Caqnrati H'rditing, WM pfo- 
duHd, being u ulai'tatiaD frnm tbe oMfaof 
L« FuDC^- It <•» parliaJlf tucctiiful. 

*/an. \i. The PrtnoloffinUt i ^ce, irom 
tha pen of Mr. T. Wade, author ol WonuQ-i 
Lara. &u. wai brougljc fuiwanl. It wu ■ 

much Laughter^ luough tuma of tlie ■) 

of (ha conita in Scotland. Ill 


characUf of Euphi 
(iivouTablj receiiei 


Murphj'ttragtdjof the Griciaa 
at pTOdu«ed| tar tlie puFpoke of 


Ourm Pro MOTION). 

Jn. 4. 3d FdM, Gen. Sir G, Don, 

<.&B . Mlh Fiwt, to heCo) — SB* Foot, 

tB. WrR-HaldSheaft, Bart, to l« 

"k FoM, Li<1it.-Gen. Sir Tbo- HI.. 

taadQ.CB. sut Foot, to ba 

SiTaoC, MaJ.-Gcn. Sir Ban. D'Ut- 

■ - « b« Col.— 1 4 ih Fool, to ™- 

Ma^iii to Bolmri ui appuintmeDti the 

■ofj " Cannna" [ahich *m granted to the 

Uatd BattalioB), in cennemorstion oflta 


t.-Cnl. C. Stoirt 

Foot, and Maj. Rich. Murn;, to be Ueut.- 
Cola. Captain J. CJarka to ba Miijat.— Usd 
Foot, Mai, J. Logaa. RiOa Br;ga<la. to ba 

LiaaL-CuL— fi4ih Foot, Capt. J.E.Freatb, 
to ba Major.— Bith Fool, Lieut.-Col. Edw. 
Fitigerald. lo be Lieu I.- CoJ— Rifle Brigade, 
Capt. Areh. Stewart, and CapL W. Jufin- 
alon, to ba Majon. — Unattached, Major 
Ralph Jobnion, (i4th Foot, to be Liiul.- 
Col. of Inf. 

Mimtet ttturnat in ime in Pariiamml. 

% FVot, brant Liant-Col. Sam. 
,'KfcBrlAda, M bt UeoL-Col. 
ItCMii. E. F. Baji tu ba Major.— 
1^ Li*at.-CDl. MiMmar Fane, DBtb 


EccLuiitTiciL PaariiMiiiTa. 
J. Slorer, lo be Ptineipat OCeial ii 
the Rojal Pccniiar of tha Daanar; o 
Bridgenoilh, Salop. 

ELlTBaTdall, Mlaai anoa in ChatU 


Promoiions and PnfermenU.'^Birtlu.'-^Marriaga. ' [Jao. 

Ref. H. J. Todd, to the Prebend of HmUi- 
waite, York C^h. 

Rev. P. Balfour, Tcaliiig Ch. in the Presby- 
tery of Dundee. 

Rev. H. J. Barton, Lattoo and Euy R. co. 

Rev. G. Bonnor, to be Minister of New Snf- 
folk-sq. Ch. Cheltenhan. 

Rev. J. Bramston, Great Baddow V. Essex. 

Rev. T. aarkson, Beyton R. Suffolk. 

Rev. F. Custance. Repponilen P. C. Halifiuc 

Rev. C. Fisher, Calton R. Suffolk. 

Rev. H. Gipps, Corbridge V. Northomberl. 

Rev. C. Murray, Ashe R. Hants. 

Rev. R. Newcome, Clocaenoc R. Denbigb. 

Rev. P. Pooie, Fyfield R. HanU. 

Rev. W. H. Sbelford, Preston R. Soffblk. 

Rev. J. Sourgeon, Twyford R. Norfolk. 

Rev. H. Taylor, Stokenham V. Devon. 

Rev. C. Tripp, Bnuion R. Somerset. 

Rev. R. Ward, Stanton R. Norfolk. 

Rev. R WUKams, Aber R. Camanroii. 

Rev. C. V. H. Sumner, Chaphin in Ordinary 
to the King. 

Rev. £. H. G. WilliamSf ChapL to the dow- 
ager Lady Cawdor. 

Civil PisrimMtim. 

J. I. Lockhart, esq. M. P. eleeted Recocdtr 
of Rorasey, vice R. W. Missing, esq. dec. 

Rev. W. H. Clsrke, Second Master of Nor- 
wich Free Gram. Schoql, 

Rev. J. Hutchinson, Head Mast, gf Chelms- 
ford Free Gram. School. 


July 18. At Sydney, the Ladr of Lient.- 
Gen. Darling, Governor of New South 
Wales, a dau. 

Latky, At Oskley-park, Ludlow, Lady 

Harriet Give, a son. At Islington, the 

wife of Capt. Balchild, R.M. a dau. 

At BroreptOn- barracks, Chatham, the wifo 

of Capt. Begbie, 8«d Rec. a dau. At 

Portsmouth, the wife of Major Chichester, 
60 th Rifles, a son. 

Dec, 91. The Hon. Mrs. Femison,adau. 

Jan. S. At Gunton-park, in Norfolk, Lady 
Suffield, a son. 4 . At Mere, the wifie of 

John Chafin Morris, esq. ComBander R.N* 

a son. 7. In Harl^-street, the wife oif 

Dr. Souther, a dan. 10. In Yorit'plaee, 
the wife of Major Livingston, £.LC.aerviee, 
a son. 19. In George-street, Hanover- 
square, the wile of George Bankas, esq. Bf.P. 
a son.-— ^18. At Beal-honse, the wUe of 
H. W. Mason, esq. High Sheriff of Backs, 

a dau. 14. In Green-street, O roevenor- 

square, the wife of D. Barclay, esq. M.P.-a 
son, since dead. 1 5. In London, the 

wife of W. £. Taonton, esq. Recorder ti 
Oxford, a son. 


Lately, In Carmarthenshire, J. D. Da- 
vies, esq. R.N. to Mary, eldest dau. of the 

late Sir William Mansel, Bart. ^At Braf- 

fertoD» the Rev. B. Lumley, Rector of Dal- 
by, to Miss Howard, dau. of the late John 

Hovrard, esq. of Hull. ^The Rev. J. £. 

Daniel, Vicar of Weyhread, eldest son of 
Capt. Daniel, R.N. of Ipswich, to Marr, 
eldest dau. of John Aldrich, esq. A t 
Quebec, the Hon. F. W. Primrose, brother 
to the Earl of Rosebery, to Percy Gore, 
third dau. of the late Col. R. Gore, of Barry- 
mount, in Ireland, and niece to Vice-Adm. 
Sir John Gore.— At KcRgrave, Wm. Page 
Wood, Fellow of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, second son of Matthew Wood, esq. 
M.r. to Charlotte, only dau. of £dw. Moor, 
esq. of Great Bealings, Suffolk. 

Jan, 4. At Marnnull, Dorset, tlie Rev. 
F. V. Luke, Rector of Frintoo, Essex, to 
Agnes Eliza, dau. of the Rev. W. B. Rams- 
den. 6. At St. Mary's, Mary-le-bone, R. 
Browne Clayton, only son of Lieut.-Gen. B. 
Clayton, of Ful wood-hall, Lancashire, to 
Catn. Jane, only dau. of the late Rev. R. 
Dobson, of Fumeux Pelham, Herts.— At 
St. James's, Westminster, J. Bowen Gum- 
bleton, eso. of Fort William, co. Waterford, 
to Ann, eldest dau. and co-heiress of H. 
^•namnf, esq, of Spalding. 7. At Bath, 

the Rev. Wm. Coyte FreeUnd, of Cogges- 
hall, Essex, to Mary Cath. youngest dau. of 
the late Rear-Adm. Bingham, and grand- 
dau. of the late Vice-Adm. Sir W. nrker, 

Bart. At Lymington, the Rev. Q. Hardy 

Raven, of Boston, to Jane Augusta, fifth 
dau. of John Richman, esq. . At Bath- 
fnrd, Col. Phillott, R.A. to the relict of the 
late J. Shaw, esq. and daughter of the late 
T. Lowndes, esq. ^At St. Mary's, Lam- 
beth, John Wright, widower, aged 109, to 
Cath. Stringer, widow, in her bOth yew. 
The bridegroom appeared healthy and ac- 
tive. 1 8. At Clapham, the Rev. R. Dick- 
inson, Rector of Headley, Hants, to H. 
Maria, dau. of the late Capt. Butler, ibrmerly 
of Surrey -square. 14. At Paria, the 
Viscompce Chas. de Mentque, Capt. of Gre- 
nadiers, to Miss Caroline Susanna, dan. of 
the Hon. John Spencer, and niece of the 
Duke of Marlborough.— ~At Lewiaham, 
W. Duke, jun. esq, of HsstingSy to Sanh 
Batley, only dau. of T. Cox, esq. of Black- 
heath. At Chislehampton, Oxfordshire* 

W. Bobart, esq. ta Ellen, third dan. of Mr. 
J. Richmond.-— —19. At Brighton, the Rev. 
P. W. Douglas, Rector of Bonby and Hork- 
stow, Lincolnshire, and nephew to the Bi- 
shop of Durham, to Charlotte, dau. of the 
late John Barber, esq. of Denmark-hill. 


Eaml of Kellib. 
Die, 3. At Airilrie H»tue, eo. FiFe, 
«('d »S, ihc Hij-bl Hon. Uclhvtn-Kellii! 
Enkine, Icnili Earl of Ktllie, Vitcuunt 
dI Fciiion (<tie pninier Vitcuunly u( 
SMtUnd). ai.d Oaniii uf Dlrlciun, co. 
IlMhliiMTiDn, ■nd ninlfa Baronet at Cini- 
bo, CO. Fife. 

Hia lurdship wu (be tilth and young- 
mC Mn of Dfttld Enkinc, E«it. (Fourih 
■DQ of Sir AlemndcT (he Kcoiid Baronet 
ol Cimbo, and brolber id Sir Cbarlei, 
S.f Jubo. and Sir William, Ibe ihird. 
Iwiib, aud nhh Barnneti) by hii lecand 
wife, UiH Vuun^ of COinburgh. DaTid 
■u isurtb in dticcnt from ThoiiiM 
ArrtEatlot KellieiaodmalernalErand- 
iva ol At*i*nd« ibe third Earl; hia 
ftlbrr Sir AJtiandtr, labu nu L>onl 
Lyoo Kine of AiDii, and Knight in Par- 
kament fvr Fifeihire, having married 
L>d^ Mary Erslcioe, ihe (bird Eail'a 
eldeai daughter. 

Mr. Metbien Enkine had in early life 
tana emplovment in Kengal. He mar- 
ried at Edinburgh, July iO, ITBl, Ju- 
hacna, daughter of Captain Adam Gor- 
don ol Ardiicb, and tiiter to the Lady to 
-bora bi& cider broiber Tbumai (alter- 
■Mda Ibe niutb Earl oF Kellie) bad 
bf Ponc united at Goitenburgh ten yeara 
Frrrioatly. We belicTc both tbeso sii. 
ura, ■ circumalanee ithich muit have 
appeared very remute at (be periud u( 
»b«ir iDarriage, lived to be Couiiieuet of 
Kellie. Anoc. oidoo of Earl, 
di«d on Ibe 3Uth of latt March : ai>d 

Hctaiecn (he period of the marriage of 
the ntbject ol tb'u Dolice, and bit acfei- 
aion lu Ibi earldom, the follDwiniC elder 
lule brancbti of bit family (if not 
Mtaert) were reraoted by death : tnwards 
Ibe rlute ol i;81 died Tbomaa- Archi- 
bald Ihc aiithEarli in 1790 died Sir CbnE. 
Er»kine,G>hBarl oF C>mtH>(<he cidett 
brMber of MtthTen}; in ITfil Sir Wil- 
iam Erahine. bia (do and luccenor ; in 
liH Ikavid, FHethfen'* Fourlb btuther ; 
la l]97 Ari'bibalil ibe aeventh Earl i 
nt 1T99 Charki the eighth Earl of 
Kallie, and the younger brulher and 
UBMior oi l>k William, and also heir 
■I bit cuutiii Earl Archibald! and in 
im Tbomat Ibe ninth Earl, Meih- 
?ra'>. Deal eliler brother. 

On the death of the latl-meniioned at 
Cnbo Houae. Feb, 7, 1BSS.« Methnn 
EnklM, Eat. » tbe age of SI, auccced' 

* A Mtmuir ot Iki* nubleman, wLu 

ed (o a lillr, between ullifh Mti ibe 
tenant IWitig at hi* birth, all the abuve 
male), and ibree otb«n who died young, 
had iuiervemd. 

We believe that ibia peerage baa now 
became eitinri, ii having been in error 
that KC conaidered in ISSS ibe then 
iucceuor to Ibe title (o have been a aon 
of David Enkine, Et<i. -ho died at 
Warcbam in 1804, that genileman (ac- 
cording t* Douglat'i Peerage, hy Wood) 
having deceaaed unmirned. Stewart 
Erakiiie, Esq. of Bromley Lodge, Kent, 
hia only younger brother, who died ac 
Bromley, and bat a lomb In the churcb- 
yard there, married (layi Ibe tame au- 
iborilyj Mita Reid, but bnd no iitue. 
The Viieoonly uF Fenlon, bellowed un 
him in leoG, wai the firat created in 
the Peerage of Seoiland. 

The Family uf Ertkint, Earli of Kellie, 
wai descended from Sir Aleiander Er- 
tkine oF Gagar. fourth aan uf John 
fourih Lord Ertkine, and brother to the 
Regent John oF Mar i and oat raited to 
the peerage in the penon o( Sir Alexan- 
der, tun of Th»mai. a juvenile compa- 
nion oF King Jamet VI., the courtier wba 
alew Aleiander Rulhven in the rencoun- 


inyiiig t 


Viscount H. 

Aw. «9. At hi> boule in Upper 
Brook-ilreet, having nearly completed 
bit HOIb year, ibe Right Hon. Henry Po- 
meroy, tecund Viscount Harberton, and 
Baron Harberlon of Carbery, co. Kil- 
dare; F.S.A. 

Hit Lurdsbip wai born Dee. », 1T49, 
the eldeit Ion of Arthur the firat Via- 
CDunt,* by Mary, dnoghter and heireat 

was a Hcpreaenlalive Peer and Lord- 

69; in the genealogical 


I, wbict 

above. A beauliful portrait uf Earl 
Tbomai, painted by Wilkie for ibe 
County Hall, Cupar, wia exhibited at 
Somenet Huute in I8J9. 

• Tbia branch ol the ancient baronial 
family oF Pomeruy wai Founded in Ire- 
land by the Very Rev. Arthur Pomemy, 
Dean of Cork, wboie anceiton were of 
Engetdon, in Devooabire. Hia grand- 
fofli Arthur Pomeroj, on \x\v\ luat^ 



Obituary.— Gen. Lord C. FUzrof. 


of Henry Colley, of Castle Carbey, co. 
Kildare, Etq. and Lady Mary Hamilton » 
third daughter of James» tizth Earl of 
Abercorn. Mr. Colley was the elder 
brother of the first Lord Mornington, 
sund Lord Harbenon was consequent ly a 
•ecoiid coostn of the Duke of Welling^ 
toa» the Marciuess of WeUesley^ 4ic. ; 
and ill fact the representative of the 
•Mer branch of tbe family of Colley or 

The Hon. Henry PoMtroy tat in tbe 
Irish Ho«tc of Commons, dnring to9m 
than one Parliament, for tbe borouf^b of 
Strabane. He sncceeded bis father April 
9$ 1798 : -and we believe was never a 
■mnber of the British Parliament. 

Lord Harberton married, Jan. SO, 
17889 Maryt second daughter of Nieholas 
Grady, of Grange, cu. Limerick, Bsq.| 
and by that lady, who died Jan. 88, 
1883, had an only child, the Hon. 
Henry PooMroy, whom he lost at the 
age of fourteen in 1804. The Viscount 
is succeeded by bis next brother, tbe 
Hon. Arthur-James Pomeroy, who is in 
hit aevcnty-seventh year. He is mar- 
ried, but has DO children. The Hon. 
and Rev. John Pomeroy, the next bro- 
ther, has four sons. 

GxN. Lord Charles Fitirov. 

JDec. 80. At bit residence in Berkeley- 
square, aged 65, General the Right Hon. 
lArd Charles Fitjroy, of Wickea in 
Northamptonshire, M.A. Colonel of tbe 
48th Foot ; brother to the Duke of 

Lord Charles Fitsroy was bom Joly 17» 
1764, tbe younger son of tbe first roar- 
riage of Augustus-Henry 3d and late 
Duke of Grafton, K.G. with the Hon. 
Anne Liddell, only daughter and heiress 
of Henry Lord Ravensworth. He was 
created Master of Arts of Trinity Col- 
lege, Cambridge, in 1784, his father 
being then Chancellor of that Univer^ 
•ity. He was appointed Ensign in the 
3d foot guards in July 1788, Captain in 
the 43d foot 1787, and from that year to 
1789 was on half-pay. At tbe close of 
tbe latter year be was appointed to a 
oompany in the 45th foot, from which 
bo was removed to the 3d foot guards. 

His Lordship served with the brigade 
of Guards in Flanders, during tbe whole 
of the campaigns of 1793 and 1794. He 
was present at tbe siege of Valenciennes, 
and at every action in which tbe grena- 

to tbe peerage, took tbe title from tbe 
manor of Harberton, in Devonshire, a 
part of tbe extensive possessions of the 
great hoiae of Pomeroy^ ^^ Heriy Pome- 
ray, CO. Devon. 

dier battalion was engaged. In February 
1795 his Lordship was appointed Aid- 
de-camp to the King, and Colonel in tbe 
army j and Jan. 1, 1798, Mijor-general. 
He served on the Staff In Ireland from 
February that yaar tftM April 17999 when 
he was removed to tbe Staff in Boglandi 
on which he oontinaed, with tha eao» 
tion of the year of peaee, IMf , onUI tbe 
1st of May, 1609. For several years he 
eommanded the garrison In Ipswieb, In 
whieb situation 1^ was greatly and de- 
servedly respected. The 1st of Janaary, 
1805, he obtained the rank of Limit.- 
General, and was appointed Colooel of 
the 43d foot 1 and on tbe 4th of Jons,* 
1814, he was promoted to the rank 
of General. 

Lord Charies Fitiroy was lor many 
years one of the Bni^sseo in Partlament 
lor Bury 6t. Edmwnd's. Ha was fimt 
returned in I787» in the room of his 
cousin the late Lord Soothampton, who 
then accepted the Cbaltern Hundreds. 
At the general electron in 1790 he was 
re-elected I but at that of 1796 Lonl 
Ucrvey was returned in bis room. In 
1808 he was again rbosen^ and ha aon- 
tinued member during Ibor paillamefeits, 
till 1818, when be resigned bis seat fa 
bis nephew the Earl of Euston. 

Lord Charles Fitiroy was twiea osarrMt 
first, June 80, 1795, to Fraaees^ only 
daughter of Edward Millrr Mondy, Biq. 
(for many years M.P. Amt Derbyshire) 
by his first wife Frances, eldest daaghltr 
of Godfrey Meynell, Esq. t and half-sis- 
ter to tbe late Duchess of Newcastle (see 
the memoir of Mr. Mnndy in voL XCH. 
ii. 478). By this lady, who died Ang. 
9, 1797, his Lordship had ona son, Lt.- 
Col. Charies Augustus Fitiroy, sow 
Deputy- Adjutant-general at tbe Cape of 
Good Hope, and who succeeds to bis 
father's Nurthamptonshira estatos 1 ha 
married in 1880, Lady Mary LonooR, 
eldest daughter of Gen. Charles fourth 
and late Duke of RichmoDd and LennoK» 
K.G. and has a family. His Lordsbip?8 
second marriage, March 10, 1799, was 
with Lady Frances Anne Stawart, eldest 
daughter of Robert first Marquis of 
Londonderry. Her Ladyship died Feb. 
9f 1 8 10, leaving two sons and twodangh- 
ters : 8. Frances, married in 1884 to the 
Hon. George Rice-Trevor, M«P. eldest 
son of Lord Dynevori 3. Oeorge, CapC 
1st foot guards, and now or late AUl- 
de-camp to the Lord<Lientenant of 
Ireland; 4. Emily-Elisabeth, who died 
in April 1837 i and 5. Robert. 

On tbe 30th Dec. bis Lordship's k- 
mains were interred at Wicken, near 
Stoney Stratford, in which parish be 
had resided fur nearly twenty yean. 
His death is deeply and deservedly re- 

taaa] Ohituahy. — Hok.J. Cuveutry. — Sir P. G. Egrrion. 
medivty or Malpaa, buih i 

pcttrd in tkai Mi|>bbnuiluioiI, wb(re be 
Bu uBi**n«ll]i bilarad by ill clwwa. 
On fail dcMh-bcd hi> Lordilii)! urUared 
bUnkcli and ollwt nrceuarin, utiib k 
nbk qaaixily of coal, lu be dii- 
Uibiiicd aDtHigil lb* poor iif Wichci'i 
tod alao amaiigtt tb< piwr at Eualoo 
mil tbai D*ighbaurbu«l, n< ' 

1 fasKU 


Sir PhUip i>at born at Broxlnn >n 
Clw'hirr, Ju1y6, 1767, ibc teconU ton 
of Pbilip Egcrion, ol Oulton, eti). by bit 
iBaleritil cuuiin-Rtrmau Maty, ilaugblet 
■nd lale beireii tu Sif Jubn 

wiKe b<^iue EyIei-SiylcE, the Toi 

ga N«>-7ear'* Dav, nbeiber he ibould 
tarrin lo Ibat Umr, or, U be bimtelf 
aatirJpalHli tliBuId have quilled the 
■MM D< (hii vorld. 

Hh Lafd»bJti'> oill >&> proved on tba 
bh o( Jan. aiid ibi pamiiially taorn 

paiwhiaenl, iik hl> uwn hand-wrilins. 
p«nly sn Ib« ISlb oF Oclober, tS3S, and 
panJji (M • fullowing day i aii>l ibere la 
1 eodiol daud ibc gib Dec in a differ- 

U»ii> John Coventhv. 

AW. 13. Al Burgale, Hamptbire, 
•e*d U, (ba Hon. John Cuocniry, hnlf- 

f (hi 



Xlii, Iht elder iDci by Ihe 
riifc at Georse-Willlam ibe liilh Earl, 
•lib iIm> Hon. Barbara St. John, fourfb 
dMfblrrarJobn tentb LordSl.Jubn. 

U* ■•• (win married, lim in 1788, 
laMba Anne Clayton, by wboru be had 

CaasJIne, married Id leM (u Hugh 
Mallei, or Alb HouK in J><ru(iihire, 
Ei^: % Frederick, nianied in 1819 to 
\n weDni] euHiiii Lnuiii, only daugbler 
>4 Sir Henry HaKurd, Ban. M.D. by ihe 
Ha» Eliaabflrfa-B»rl>ara5r.J.>tan,raurlh 
daagliler uf Jnbndeveiitb Lord !)L Jubn, 
and ha> aeretal rhildfen ; 3. John, mar- 
ti«d loEliiabeih, daugbisr of i be Rev. 
M. W<tM.n, and hai alio wveral cbildrrn i 
1. Anne, marrird in I8S3 to ber firtt 
Mviln TbamM-WiUiaiD Covenlty, E*q. 
BitriaUi-ai-law, itae unly ion nf lb* 
iau Thvfna* William-Coven try, 
b*t tBiber*! yiiun{^f brulher, urbo died 
In laie. 

The Hon John Covenlry married ae- 
U'dTy, In Aiif!u>t IB09, AimiMarla, 
vldiiH of eiieneirr Pope, £tq. and ee- 
R*d daoibter ot Pmnnt Evet, of Clif- 
tHd Pbn in Here ran! >b> re, Eiq. ; and 
bw kft (bat lady bii »idaw. 

Rki. Si« p. G. KuKnTo-., B*Rt, 
Dt. 18. At Onliun P«k, Cboahirr, 
■lier onlv ibrec day^ illntiit, aged Ii3, 
»* Re». Sir Philip Grey Eerrtmi, ninth 
Barand of Egfcrtan and Oulton P^rk, 
BeHor bT Tarp'irltqi, and of iba upper 

ly Fellow 
Cambridge, ttbere Iib 
:ded BJ. ]T90,MJV.I794. Hb i 



mediely of il 

, 'f Malpiii ill 1804, by hi 

Mi«t Eliiabeth Egerten, patron for ibat 
(urnj and to Tarporley in 1H06, by bit 
brother Sir John Grey Egerloii. 

On (he death of Sir John, May it, 
1895, thii genileman lucceeded (a tha 
title uF Baronel, which bad devolved on 
Iir* brother on the death of Tbomai 
Earl of Wilion in 1814 (tee Ibe l>iu|;ni- 
pliical notice oF Sir J»bn in our vol. xct. 
ti. 8,1). On the I5.h of July f„ll»«inE, 
be reieivfd the royal licente to bear Ibe 
name of Grey before that of Ei^rlon, 
and to ijuarter Ibe Brmi of Grry de 
Wilton, and alio la uae and bear tha 
aame luppfirlen alluiive lo that lamjly, 
vbirh had been iranied (o bii brother 

■cent from Bridget, liattr and co-heireai 
(D the last Baron oF that name, nbo waa 
Ibe kiIe of Sir Honland Egenon, Ihe 

Sir Philip Grey Eger 

, Rebec 


married, Sept, 
n Bucking- 

Dupre, of Wbilton 

liamthire, Eaq. andbadiituenveautiianu 
fivedaogbteri. 1. Sir Philip-de-M*lpaa, 
horn in 11906. (and ao named from ibe 
Bnrona ol Malpai, [ha carlietC proge- 
nilora of Ihe family), nhu baa aucceedrd 
lo the Baronelcy, and i< a Gvnlleman- 
cummuiier and B.A. of Chiittchurcb, 
Oifotd ; S. MaryAnne-Eliiabeib g i. 
CbnrlrB-Du)>re) 4. Jobn-Fcancia i i 
William-Henry ; 6. Madelina, died ii 
1813 I 7. Richard-Caledoii ; B. Eglan 
tine ; g. Fanny-Sarah ; and 10. Re- 



A'««. S9. At Windsor, »hs 

on hia 

nay 10 London from a viait 

lo Lord 

Dillon al DMchley.of apopleiy 

aged 62, 

Sir Richard Bedinfifeld, the fiFib 


of Oiburgh in Norfolk ; Falh 


lo l^rd Petre, and brother-i 

n-lai> to 

Lord Stafford. 

Sir Richard ■at Ibe tepreiet 

talife of 

a diatinguiihed Roman Calbolie family. 

whi.h baa for aeveral generatior 

t formed 

Obituabt.— «r J?. BetlingftU, Bmrt, Ik. 


ool; ehikl of Sir Rkhani ibe fbarth 
oct, by th« Hoa. Manr Bro«ne. 
^^ daofbter cf Antbonj lev^nth Vi*- 
'at Mont Ku. He s«iccr«lc<i hU fatber 
l7f 1795, and married oo the 
b of ibe foUovin^ Jaae, Ckarloite- 
rfiina, uahr dtiuhtcr of Sir WUliaa 
lA^luca. iKe fitih Baronet of Comy 
^vKfo-.k, hj the Hon. Fru.ccs DxIkNit 
mc c«3 I'zie p recent ViMtmnt Di!l«i,} 
•itfter ; J th* prc««t.t Lord Scaflord. 
bad iMue fcQr k:c« and f-jordao^b- 
1. Fraa<«4-C-i4nocte, ■arried in 
13 to WiihiB-Frascu- Henry the pre- 
t aad llih Lord Petrr, and died Jaa. 
\*i'ii i. MaiiL;a-Marr, oufricd is 
^^^r£U Cd Srtnlev Ctry, of FolUcoa is De- 
bihitc. Em^ : 1. AciAfr-Marr, married 
: irtl to TVamai lloHoMa Scale, of 
M.rK Umm m Laaca^Vre, E^. : 4. Sir 
^ i«4r?-Rieb.afc B«^;-.ffvU, bora ialeOO, 
^^ 1^ b-Li f ococc^r-j I J ibe Baiuaaicy j 
-^^ marn«d xa i.riiS. MartaRt-Aaae, 
^x;> liaafbcer cf Lioard Pattoa, af Ap- 
^.«r-<i :a Norfc'k. Esq. ; ^ Chariacte- 
^;^ :a ^ ? C laf^m^Ricurd, an e>rti a 
^ ^« Ax^:rL-s wr^^oe ; T. Ed«aid-Ri- 
^1 LT^. a wi:A*h:7aur , KS. wko «aa 
^— <« <a &c wa *a l?i3; and 8. Fdiai- 

<.:i J U. W;.LU4aH Bast. 

A«. 5. A: C':«e- y Ccurt. Drrva- 
^Iz •-. i^i :4. S^r Ji ^ Hudva Wil- 
..i-si** ■ :* i^vr-. £fcLn:-!.ft ^f :bat f«icr. 

*■ * » lar'* ■• kj 'it V* :> t^o 

-! .r* • t'» Hi3»«f.t. •"«^ 6T>t Bi«vr«*. 

: !■ f-'i. :« l^7«i ^ fcnb ca*^.t«r 

riii i: -sTr^ K-if tfir c£ T^.cmia« W l- 

i-n^. ; F."e -i^'.f. r^ Cxiaa.Tb^p. 

V .;. j^.s.' ^•.■- ■:,• Nt N*.'^- .»♦ W;I. 43;», 

evir* •:•■• «i* l^'-^i Lv« 'sm; \- d 
K: S^' :• fH- itr-*-T '.t tMt CMjrty :n 
:'?■* ^sp «■■■ iW".--*^ Tbtf Frst. 

Tilt 4»>.*«t<»ei r^-v.vvC cbe Ro^al :!• 
r*n<« ': &<«i«« :W ttsM ami arm* of 
W -. via.* ,.i^.S r- ?*?*, la l.-Oi bJ* 

k.Kc r*v.j:r-c 


i^o^-^r ibe rrpre- 

BarlMm. aad died m the ymmr IM9 {m 
wmL zciz. ii. p. 380) i mmd CL Gharlacic^ 
is 1819 to Sr 

th Pm— n of BaMgh ia 
Drvoaahirfc Wc 

Jamci WiUiaMni ilim Mm J«i 

I ': 

>• "V* r^v:,- • •!» cWtcJl Mr, 
^ . iw.-i >. .N'M^si.fs- y-* la'.btr i:i lue 

f« m« r*.^., ;.Ni C^, ■•n*, I'* •^^a- 
^ • 'if . . ii.^> I r .V Wo »m ^^ ^i.'.akrr, 
,■,■ v.-v. .■-. ■ Vv>-\. i"*c> *:^« b> tSat 
j»r« ifc ^'*-''< . vflp.-x, wV.' • a* 'o^ 
iiif • 1 V' ■. ■ . r • > i«.-^«^?>. anJ 
tr.fcr*'« ! 1 ^ - . > ^^. ^ ■»■■•* ^ ••^•IVi^ 

i"*!! *•?•:'» ; 4 '.^ivna^ N \■»^f ■*, •I..* be- 
rums u Jk-.'.* ;l«i *!■ v •:!» o U*rd 

BaooKBp Baet. 

iViv.97. At Gfctt Oakley in Nor* 
tkamptanabife, in his TSad year. Sir 
Biehafd Biaahe de Capell Bnwke. of that 
. Bart. C ala a i l of the Northamp- 
ihire Mifitia. aod F.R.S. 

of ibi« i^ntlenftn 
oai Sopple , he bein^ tbc only child J 
Biehaid Sopple of Aghadoe, co. Curk, 
Ciq. hy Mary, daughter and heireis of 
Arthar Brooke, E«q. thedeic«ndant of .«:: 
aacieat Northaapconthire faniijv. 
tha death of hit father in 1797 i(:.i. . 
Brooke Sopple, Eiq. obtained ih" i. 
lieeaoe to asiume the name of hr. • 
as directed by the will of bis irr.-./ 
WhecSer Brouke. esq. in.) x«- • 
liaw to change thir cf <^ • 
Capell, ibat beit..- . 
offifinal cnhc;r.i; :.. 
name. Puili:' i!? <'.'ii • ! 
Irelarid wii'n Kuhcr: li-. 
Henr\ 11. n.i* r-«<r • 
A*hiu. e.o '. L" I'- 
ser*':^, .\-..i : ■ 
fpuTT J.: K-.-'i- '.' 

tbll(«l.itf, «■ ■' • k' • 

hi* LiT^cti.McJ 111 r- ■ 

> r Kicb.i'- i w .^ < ' • 

ried A'sr. Ir. Ker., M - 
hrir*« uf MAJor-tl p. !' 
CoImi-I of ihe ii\\i f ■ ■' «•■ 
hadi«o«uris. Sir Ar'tvip 
C'«!»-d to the Bafoii^' ; 
and IS A Lieuiriianr i:> **^* 
pi-^rU; and William. ^" '- 
and four daughters, M..:; 
Louiia, and Augusta. 

Sir Wm. Fowls Miud:: 

Aef.?6. Athiise.M,^: 
near tptaich, aged eO..^ 
Middlrton, Bart, a Df p 
aiid Maj^istrate for SulT ' 
Sir \\\V\im waa .. .. 
CaMiiM, and »aK Liiiii 
5^r». 1749. ihK eluL-i . 

Middleton, Etq.^bun ui «»» 
iVuv^rnor i>l ili^t LuIumh 

abi«ul I7.«7 b\ 

»'«iuhtfr ot M-M 

«»rU perudoi l.i-.. 





a. »nly t 

n m 

en «lio 

h«d b«n In k • 


re. On 

ibc Mih S>pt. 

■boui fuur 


let afitr 

bit i»p*nat, U 

m lion, he 


II Milfa, 

■nd ^«r • |(.n 





.i..K ih« e 


p«0 CWld Slil" 



■«. « Sta-i-h 

incite lit 33 en 

It, 900 

W..«, anil 880 m»", 38 of 


lUiu ana 45 




auoiiled ilie > 

me nnmber uf 

y -00 I»h« 

IrarlbrK, ai><l had a frry s 



amunK li>:r 



officen, me 

d boyt. 

Her tuu on lb 


killed and uinct 


Tuiardi (he 

lUer end 

f tl 

jMr, Capt. Mo 

t»p, Mile4 



B. Rodnc; lo ih 



■r, and 

Sir George Montagu. 

Ill ly pre 

I ihe n 

flf ibe Car» 
nturiird tn Engiliiiid, in compiitiy itiih 
(be AFries, 64. Siime lime «(ur l!ib 
mm, he wa» ordered (o Amerira, i*i[b 
inirlligenee uf a French iquadrati, with 
tfoDf* uii baaril, beiiij; abuiit to tail fram 
France, fur the fur|iiiie vf making an 
Mtark upon Nevt Yurk. Tbe flret on 
tbat staliun, under Vicc-Adm. Arbulh- 
KDI, ba'inB prareeded wiib Sir Henry 
Clinfon'a army to IvtirEeCbarlrtlown, 
<a Suulh Carultna, CipT, Muntagn, on 
kit arrival, fuand himieK lenlor oHiFer 
uNenVurk, and < he lecurity ot th»t 
ftote neceMarily ileprndeni on hit eior- 

otBariuudaj and, on llie 30lh S<-pl. 
captured I'Eiperaiice, a French frlKite 
d( lb* nine tonnage ai hit furmerpriie, 
aiih A valaablr r*rgo, (ram Si. Du- 
■Hifv bound (o BiurdcAUi, uf 33 eun*, 
■ad naarly 800 "" ' - - ■ 

■ defirn 

dnw ullou of lau huu 
ia a ruunine Aglit at equal duraliun, 
•U bad l«enly uf her rn-n killed, and 
Mtory-four »<iui>ded. The Peirr> luu 
■u ouly all ilain and ten noundrd. 
On <b« :£|L Match, 1T8I . Capl. Mon- 

U)4ir Vice-^dm. Arbuibnui, when ibat 
•Bier encouniered M. tie Ternay, iben 
(a U> way lo cu-operatv wiih a d-^tach- 
■•Mtftliv American army in anaiiack 
«PM prif.-Gcn. Arnnid, whntE curpi 

iirly, a ilii.^l< 
UiHrlher nith the dUabled coiiili- 
a of (he iliree ibi^ii, on «hiL'h Ilie 
lat rf lh« engagrnienl chiefly lell, 
akrtd U iapoitible tor the Biiliih 
ladran to punus tbe advaniage it hail 


Capi. MiintRgu'i abilKiei and leal 
ttere by Ihil lime lo lii*hly and gene- 
rally appre<-inied| ibal when, in Octnber 
fulluHJiig, Rear-Adm. Gravel, ittaD hid 
iuccecded to the chief coromand of the 
naval Firee em^iloyed on ibe American 

■ hen lying al the enlrant-e of Ilie York 
Hver, he apjmiried ibe Pearl lO lead 
bit fleet: unfuftunately, bawever. Earl 
Cnrnwallli bad been obliged Id capilu- 
late befure hii arrival, and the enter- 

C^pl. Muntagn relurned tu EneUnd in 
nes, in n ihitlrred elate uf beallb, and 
paid off the Pearl. 

During (he S|>nniib armnmcnl, in 
1790, Capt. Moil 


- Ilec 

■. 74; 

of the war 
in 1793, he accompinied Hear-Admiral 
Gardner lo Barhndaet, and vas lubte- 
qnenily deipaicheil, In comjiany oilh 
(he Hunnibal, 74, In relnfciree the squad- 
ron on Ibe Jamaica mlioii. Tnoardi 
the cli'te uf the year tie eonvoyeil fanme 
a large fleet of Writ Indiamen ; and on 
bli arrival ai Spiihead he na) plated 
unilcr the nrden uf Cntnmudore Patley, 
wiih whom, and Rear-Adm. M'Bride, 
he cruited in the channel till bi« pro- 
motion to a flt^, whicb took place 
April IS, 1T94, when he joined the 
grand Reet, at (hat perind eommanded 
byEnrlHuwe, Early in llie following 
monih \\r wan detached oilh a squadron 
•bound Eait India 

nvoys, i 


the whole to abmit four hundred lail, ai 

After I he performance uf tbii important 
(errlce, he cruited for lome days to tbe 
nnrlhward of Cnpe OncKal, and, pre- 
viuuily lo hit return (o port, captured 

men, and re(ODk leveral Brilisb and 
Dulrb merchantmen. 

Early in June, he wai again ordered 
to tea for the purpoae of reinforcing 
Lord llu»e, Ri well at lu look onl fur a 

and bound to (be wedern coad of 
France, the capture or drslrucKun of 
which, at (hat rriiieal perind, wi« deemed 

■ he 811. of lba( monlb, beiogoffUibant. 
wilh eight 74 gun thipi, one 64, and 
leicral frlgale), be distovered a French 
iquadrcin, consiiiiiig of one 3-derker, 
teven 74'ii and one other two decked 
tbip, which he pursued ufitil they go[ 
chue under the land, and tome ■>( ihem 
iaiQ Breit Water, where I wo other ibi|>i, 
auppoied lo be of tbe line, were then at 
aaeiior. Al Mven a. m. oi\ \\\« loWs'K- 


Obituart.— Oeneroi Garth.'^LieuL'Gen. Bingham. [Jftfi. 

ment, the lit dragoont ; be recf iTed the 
rank of Mnjor-Gencrtl 179B> Lieut.-Ge- 
nenil 1805» and Central 1814. 

Recent unfortunate clreanstancei have 
made tbe marriaft of Gen. Gartb with 
a Udy of illuttriouf birth, niucb more 
notorioui than the parties desired. The 
iuue of the marriaKe wis one son, who 
benrs his father's names, and is a Captain 
in the army. He was the i hief mourner 
at his Other's funeral, wiiicb took place 
on the 97th Nov. at St. Martin's-in-the- 

The will of General Gartb was proved 
on the loth of December in the Prero- 
pitive Court of Canterbury. It is dated 
the 19th of September 1899) and de- 
tcribes the testator as of Grosvenor- place, 
In the county of Middlesex, and of Pid- 
^Ictown, in the county of Dorset. It be- 
queaths the fee-farm rents of his estates 
In Northamptonshire, devised to the tes- 
tator by his sister Eliiabeth Garth, to 
bis nephew Thomas Garth, a Captain in 
Che Royal Navy (who married in 1890, 
Charlotte, eldest dauj^hter of Lieutenant- 
Gen. Frederick Maitland), bit heirs and 
assigns. An annuity of 300/. to his niece, 
Frances Garth, spinster (who, we believe, 
was one of the Maids to the King's 
Herbwoman at the Coronation Prores- 
•ion in 1890), but who is deceased, since 
ber uncle, Jan. 17» in Baker street, Port- 
man-square. A moiety of an annuity 
or yearly pension of 3,000/. granted by 
King Charles II. which the testator, by a 
dcedof settlement, dated I7(h Nov. 1B20, 
bad settled on himself, and ** in certain 
events,** on his son, Thomas Garth, is to 
be fMiid by the trusters to hit ton, and 
bis lawful issue i and, if he should leave 
DO la^ue, then to the aforesaid nephew 
of the testator, Capt. Thomas Garth, 
R. N. bis heirs and attigns. He be- 
queaths ihe bouse, 39, Grosvenor-place, 
whirb he lately purchased of Sir Henry 
Hanlinge, to his said son. Thus. Garth, 
and also the plate, household furniture, 
and personal effects in the said hoiue, and 
in and about the estate at Piddletown. 
The witl then directs the payment of 
aundry legacies : ** from the great regard 
and affection which I have entertained 
for the late Charles B >one, Esq. at well 
as for his daughter Lady Druromond 
[wife, we believe, of Sir Gordon Drum- 
mond, G. C. B.] I heg her Ladyship's ac- 
•ccptance of 100 guineas, for the pur- 
chase of a ring, or any other thing. she 
may chuse, as a memorial of my affec- 
tionate regard for ber ; " to Col. Tbos. 
Poster* 100/* 3 per cent, consols; to 
Mary, wife of Thomas Legg, an annuity 
of 301.1 to Wm. Lovell, of Piddletown, 
10004 3 jier eenii, ; to each of his ser- 
vants a year's wages ; to bis servant 

Henry Dnfall, 9001. t to Elisa Leg|r and 
Henry Colliery 501. each 8 jierorafff. The 
residue of the testatoi'a property, real 
and personal, to his nephew, Capt. Tboi. 
Garth, R. N. who is appointed exeeotor, 
with another nephew, John FoUerton, of 
Tbriberg^park, Yorkshire, Esq. to wbon 
a legacy of 5004 is left. 

LEiirr.-GBN. Bingham. 

JVov. 18. In London, in his 69d jrear, 
Lieut.-General Rich. Bingham, of Mel* 
combe Bingham in the county of Dorset. 

This gentleman was the eldest son of 
Richard Bingham, £«q. Colonel of the 
Dorsetshire Militia (tee the pedigree of 
this very antient family in Hatcbina't 
History of Dorsetshire, vol. iv. p. 903) 
by hit Arst wife, Sophia, daughter of 
Charles Halsey. of Great Gaddetdeo In 
Hertfordshire, Esq. ; and balf-brotber to 
MaJor.-Geu. Sir George Ridout Bingban^ 
K. C. B. and K.T* S. 

He entered the army an Ensign in the 
I7tb foot, Oct. 5, 1787 { and was pro* 
moted to a Lieutenancy and the Adju- 
tancy in May 1790. He married at Kil- 
kenny, May 96, 1799, Miss Priscilla Car- 
den, a relative of Sir John Garden, who 
was created a Baronet of the klogdoa 
of Ireland in 1787. 

In 1793 Lieut. Bingham raised acooH 
pany in Ireland, with which be was sent 
to Chatham, where it was drafted. Ht 
obtained a Company in the 109d foot, 
Oct. 31, that year, a Majority in Feb. 
1795, and a Lieut .-Colonelcy In SeptcB- 
l»er following. But the regiment was 
drafted immediately after this last pro- 
motion, and he remained unattached un- 
til placed on half-pay at the beginning 
of 1798. 

In July that year be was sent to takt 
the command of the forces stationed In 
Alderney ; where he remained until tha 
July following, and was then placed on 
the full-pay of the 6th West India regi- 
ment. In the ensuing month, however* 
he removed to the 9th foot, and joined 
the expedition under Sir Jaibes Pulte* 
ney, and afterwards that under Sir Ralph 
Abercromhy. In December he returned 
to Lisbon, and in March 1801 to Eng- 
land. He was again placed on half-pay» 
Oct. 94, 1809, and appointed to the 8d 
foot, July 9, 1803. In September of the 
last-named year he obtained the rank of 
Colonel ; in July 1804 was placed on tbe 
Home Staff as Brigadier-General, and to 
continued until June 1806. In 1808 ha 
was appointed to the Staff in Ireland* 
and remained there until May 5Ui» 1809» 
when be was removed to tbe Staff of 
Malta. He was subsequently cmplQy«i# 

OdiTuarx. — General NieoUi. — General Garlh, 

Mrfa»ibMrt« of Ceotgr WroughiBii, «f 
ITlJcat, In Wllubirr, Es<|. atid by lb«l 
liilv, *lin •Drtlm bim. had four ton* 
*nd fivr ila»|:brFn; I. Gtorgiana, mtr- 
ntd Ab(. is, leoa, in U>f |iret*»l Vieo- 
A<ha. Sir Jubn Ch, K. C B. i S. Chtr- 
kKie, died In IBISi 3. Lt.-Cul. GforKe 
Wnnichion, ithn hd* a^mtned Ihe tur- 
un>e..f WroKsblmit 4. Juhn-WiJlliin, 
Capt. R. N.i S. Jam«, Capl. R. N. i G. 
Sophia I 7- ibe Rfv. Edward, <<ip(l HC 

Biihfp*im«, Wilu, D". e°, laao; 8. 

SuMiBm. deesuedj »nd 9- Anne. whi> 
dMiD 1801. 

GKHiaai. NicotLS. 

Ow. S. Al CbirUriter, ased ST, Gen. 

OtinT Nicull^ Culonil o[ the 66tb regi- 

lliii affurr WB* appoinltid Enfien of 
(hi rN laul ill l7BGi aiiU Lieutenant in 
nea. la linn he Weill lo Gibraltar; 
n i;;S ma* promoted lo a eom|>any ; 
and hi t7T& returiM'd tu England. In 
ITBO be *eii( out tu the West Indiet, 
•Bid Mtrad on hoard the fleet till the 
nplan bI St. Euitaliui, Kben be wai 
eafdored by the laie Sir John Vaiighan 
lo impvct and report opon ihe b«uk« of 
tbnae nbo tiyled tbenitel*e« En^liah 

■ilbfai* fepurtlo the SrcRtaryuf State. 
He okiaiiird a Majnrliy in hi* re((iment 
IB ITBI 1 a Lie lit. -Colon rlcy hi IIBT i 

harked K 

<W«Sih. In March ITB9he 
|wa b>« rvglffieiit in the Wei 
b* roainMinled llie irnopa in Ibe Itland 
•i Gnnaila nearly three jrean, under 
Gmeral Malibe'*, iben Cumniaiider-in- 
CkM In the Welt Indiet. He received 
■be rank of Culunel in the army in 1794 : 
■aibaaaowyear be viiiltd Enfc'*'"*! ^"t 
w Decembet isain embarked Tor ibe 
W«i Indlei, *here be mu appoiiitrd 
BM(adler-Gen. and altoQuanir-mailer- 
tcneral. He wat lent inmidiately after 
'lolb* lalund of Grenada, then In a Hale 
it knmrrecliun, and ohieb be lueeeeded 
In mivriniE 'o order and irauqaillity. 
We «*• ajjpoiiited Colonel of the 4th 
WmI I>»a« regiment in 179S ; 

In a aerviee al upwanli of levenly 
yeart, Ibit affleer wai nerer on balf-pay, 
hii xeal and lalenli bavinR contlanlJy 
recommended bim for aoiive empluy- 
Rient, unlil his olDuial ilotirn were ne- 
eeiurily eutpended, al firil by ihe higb 

Ihe infirmiiiei of aRe'. Uorine the last 
ten years of hi) life, Grnenil NieulU re- 
tided in Chicheiler, uulTerially beloved 
and reipecled. Alih»u);h dying in lb* 
follies* of years, he Hill be mutt aincerely 
regrelied by hii friendt, both in hli pub- 
lic and private capaeiiy; ih* King has 
Imt * (aicbrul lervanl, and sociely a cood 

Grnbral Gartb. 

Nov. 18. At his home in Groivenor- 
place, aged ah, Tbninai Garth, Eiq. Ge- 
neral ill hi< Majealy'i arrvire, and Colo- 
nel of tbe lit or RdvbI Regiment at 

Tills sentlenMnwat ton of JohnGanb, 
E(>|. Recorder of Devices, and who died 
when M. P. Fur that borough in Dee. 
l7G4i and great- nephew lu tbe cele- 
brated Sir Samuel Garih, Ptiytician in 
Ordinary lo King George Ihe Firel. He 
had two elder brulberi, Cbarlet Garib, 
&q. who *a> Recorder of Derizea, and 
M. P. for Ibat buroueh froin I76.i to 
1780, when be wag made a Commia- 
iluiier of Ibe Buclie, and who died at 
W all ha mat Dw, March 9. 1784; and Ge- 
neral (ieorge Ganh, Colonel of tbe I7tb 
fool, obudied in 1819. 

Geneial Thomas Garlb entered tbe 
aimy in l7G3ai Cornel in (be lat dra- 
ed ibe comu. " " 

in Gen 

allied a 

r Mtj 

r-General, > 

w«t pbo4 on the Staff uf i 
AaknlTSe. He iburily after returned (0 
bfland, Biidwaa ippoinlediotbeHunie 
Vui; )■ ■hieb he coiiiinued till he re- 
MD>«d l> lb* Slafl of the Em Indfe* ; 
•t(f» ba br aume lime held tbe rhief 

fMk af LieuL-General in 1803) and, 
kMiag again reiurned lo England, waa 
*■■( placed on the Staff of (be Kent 
Duuiel. Hfl wai appointed Colunel of 
lW Mtb foot in 1807 i of Ihe 66(b foot 
■.IIO«{ uidCatwial 181.1. 

of Prince Ferdinand. 
In IT63 be obtained a Lieulenaiicy, and 
In 1775 a Captaincy in bi) Teriment. 
In 17T9 heoxchangeainto IheSOih light 
draicouii*, and weni to tbe W«( Indiea 
in the intended eapediliun to IbeSpaniih 
Main, which wai anlieipaied by Lieut.- 
Gen. Sir James Darling, the Lieal.-Go- 
vernorof Jamaica. In 179i Capt.Garlb 
returned lo this country, and wai re- 
duced ID hnlf-pay with ibeolher officeri 
of his regiment ; but in the same year he 
obtained the Malorily ol the 3d dragoon 
giianlt. In 1794 hew;it appointed Licut.- 
Culonel of ibe Jtt drnguont; he served 
tbal year in Flander<, and wa* pnsenc 
at ihe greater pan of the actions fron 
the I7ih af April to tbe einsa of the 
campaign. He waa neat appdnled Co. 
tunel of the Sussex Fenciblei.and after- 
wards, on the deaib of Viieounc Field- 
ing in 1799. to the late S3d light dra- 
gooni. On tbe lib Jan. ISOJ, ba.wai 
appointed Colonel of bi« ot'ittiuX n^k- 






I'll i «.»««. — A' * xaman uifim , Ftf fl. Pj 


. I , •III 

• I i 

• •• 
■ ■ • ■*■ 
• ■ It 

lav. 2. %• S^y-DmcaisioifD, D-D. 

4 a» -t.***, <■.•• M ^cv. ID. hx 'titf p I - r i inniB M H<«c- 

••• •ki..i.,., •;•««•• -&■«««, ••**^. ""'X^i* ?ui£iik« n aia 7"£it v«!ar, itic Rr^ 

..; ..»•....«...«.. • «•!»< 2lii«Ani .iuma Siiv-t^fTiiBiaoiiit, D.«X 

••• ••, '..-I, Xtfctar if 'nac aftrr*o* antt »■ Dafthaa li 

I •-* ."...!••*. .11 :« -one »«niv. D«aa ^' Bucxai^ ?:». 

•''6"* ill*!- Mf *«rwffj|«- ' •*pi*.ii ij ats ^'"g ; jLiic.e Ui *y 

!••• ■•■.<■•• .« ft r.M ««a«rauic iivwe «^ batn Apni 

• ■■ ■ ■ • ■ '• ••III lit: iiiti'%i -^utM*, k^jfi %i'riinitfaup ijt YtATK. tlf 

. *»•■ •*•- I f»'M.-.-i 1, ^u«-iittr xnd eoDtfiftti ^ 

.,■•■» ••i" ■ -I :i« i^'tcf Vurtut, £—1. ai*rc3L«nC of frtirnii—, 

« • ••» , '•« •** -auc:i.«i MX. CUriteC Cliurch, Oi- 

'•« ■«- •'•'ti, •tfc:r« it iLZaaiUMl t3« dcyrac of 

•ititii-.ii«, iiw«e SI..V. ti .'•<). uiu icmA^Mtjcciii the d^ 

■• ■•■ u^.ii.ij. ki I hr <f«r« jI Hb uui U U. ui 1734. la »rW 

- iti.*ii, 4iil he ^^a JuaaftrU bv Afttftiii..i..p W.«i^t|-i^ 

■'• ' > '•«■• "■'•4tiiv. l4» IB« pr«u«na at Htau^^iut* in iM 

tiii-^ liiti !ii|iH •••• i«incurai .Qurca uc Vjr^ ; ^n^^ ia ]^;^ 

«»>« '•* Vli. Huiu- h« «4« i|*^iiite« A CoaiiftAia in Oriituan 

:..,....iia <M >• «ii <u t*i» .\|j|e»iv. In ^7:^ b« «ac cuiiaicd 

*■• •. I iiljp lluiUiiii, ^*y .^rviiowuup Mijur« tvi tlM rtcturr if 

• III .Miljr «i«ici| llAulvixta, X |ic«uiiar uf tbe i«e uf Cw 
T*'*** lerijunr i aiid xn I'tO'S b^ Afvfabtfbip 

MarkliAMi cu be prvocnd Ji fUmpcoo ia 

^ II I HIM. l-'iu tb* cu.lrgiftCe cbureil uf SoQtbarlL !■ 

.... . t i.i« i<i«iili«ir itit'i be •«« presented tt> tbc rectun of 

'I...: i|^...i lO, l>«th«iii» by >ir Jaac* AAeck, Bart. 

'-v.j 1 1* iii.iinii- Mr. Umnmiind wjs twice B«mcd * 

... :ii*H.;it liK «»ii« tirMly, Utc W. ITd:?, to Eiixabelh, 

• f «•« ittiiiiv il4ii£iiier ui W.iiiAiD ue Vi»i— »^ E^ ^ 

Miiuiii he hiUl t«u fuiis and loar dauj^b- 

n "«•' ■*' !'>« ^^^^ ■ K)i/40eth, (leceasrd ; 9, Edvanl- 

. . ■ . ■••• iiiii iiii.«i HiiliAiu HjyoUrummund, EU«]. «bo bai 

■..^;>i .'iti.t:*, i'«iiniu4iiiit.'«i a cumpaiiy in ibe 7Jd rvgi- 

^.. ... .ttti,i,«iiii,iia Mei'i. iiiu :«nott kerperoftbc Recordf io 

. • •••••! ( •III- I iir L%iiii cffioe of Scotland; he narricd 

. t , H.*>'>.i Viir >it 1^ I ^ Lft;ui«.i-\lar^arrC, only daucbtcr 

. . %\ .11, 'HI tiiv ui Jijfiii T.ioiDp«oii, E«q. deputy Coa- 

, .11.1 '•.. 'wii 1,1 uii«««nr-^ tf the eastern ditirict; 

». I. i: k.\>Kx\ ific i. M4ii.t, 4. N;phia, and 5. Henry, all 

*: !■;■.....» •iiitiii; iicce4«tf«i , o' Henrictia-Auriul. Harinff 

II. i;. ...... ^.».. Iff (, !u»t hj« firat UJy Frb. 14. I790» Mr. 

...» .*. !«: tiui llruiuiDoiiJ Biarned, tccoudly. M^j 24, 

..tniiiuir iTiM. if* euufin Ametia, d^u^hter o£ 

li.tiiAiiuii J.iute« AunuJ, E«q and by that lady, 

I. ut» J. »b«» turvike* him, bail twu «uns and two 

..ii:i|>i ho «Jautcc<rr«: T.R^bert.Auriol. andS. Wd- 
.11, w iu.iii;; Ii.iB-.\unv'l. both decc««eit ; 9. Amelift- 

\li I. .4uriwi. varried in Wii'i to the Rer. 

. .1^ iJiui- G**«-pp Wilkini, D,D. Prvbendary of 
. ..^ -u^ U.U.I S>uib«€ll, Vicar of LowJliam, Netif. 
. .1, .vi».^« and of St. M«py, Noiii«r» .4 jg,, 

... i.iw.ti Cbarltiite-AurioL 
....»«. iho F.* ibJny-ihree yein 
t^Aciatcd as Mini«ier 4 
vo^*ulout paritb of Htf 

i-l.alt. - 

»i I •• *«•»«!:* idcr c«n*idercd t0 m 


H a w««A«En!M,i»« { 

b) bit < 

OsiTUARy. — Rev. T. Bnvm.—Reo. J. Jenkins. Sjf 

ft leiloiM pMlor of Ri*. Jouf Jemxini, M. A, 
bh' Ifock. be nill looE Ht* in tbe ncvl- Nat. so. At tbs Vic«f«EB-hgaw, K«»J,- 
trrllvn of tbc taMiy "ho hsTe been be- to. Monigoioerj, the Re». John Jenktu, 
nrfltcd by fall inttrurtloni, ur CDniotetJ M.A. Vii-ar of tliit pnHili. PrebnxluT of 
by bti Qmpitby ind kii.clN««. Ni>r York md of Bf«oD, Ru™l Dnn of Mils- 
Ihnild it b« loreolltn, lb«l in the reU- ai'b uliri hhoti, in tbe Archdeaconn of 
liofli of dumeillc lift. M a bntband, Breckoock, Chuptua to hii Koj.l Higbonr 
tuher, UirnA, itiid mailer, he wu uni- lh> Duke of Clirencr, and one of hii Mi. 
brnrjr an exanple of ill I bat «M affec j*''j''' JuttiM of the Pkue for the oonnty 
lionalF, eomideiitle, and )o«(. He wia of Monteoniefj, 
tfaeanlhnror " A Tsble arCalecbeilcal Mr Jrnki 
Qaetliom, ptiat 10 ConHrmsliun, Loud. "■ tl" puiih 
IB13." IBmo, B*"- H» "" eolliied lo bU living bj Dr. 
Mil remain) were imerred ii Hsd- Biihop of St. Dnld"., ix isOTj 
(D tlte Prebend of Moehlre, in the Colla- 
giite Cliurcli uf BteckDock, bj the uma 
(Mtton -, tai trj (hut of O.h&lilwiek in ibe 
CMbedml df York, b; Archbi.hop Vernon, . 

luv. T.0-.. B.O.,. i:,!"v"!„r7B."Ji::;?SS 

ftr, fo. At Coniagton io CimbridgB- JenkLpi hefd no mem itiilon unong the 
■kin. Mf^ SI. lb* K.>-. ThDm« fl:o«n, chief liief»ti of Cjtnni. In bet fail eiier- 

RMtar ct ihatpviih far more tlian fortf tiou -era more iBan cominon, and dcer*- 

nari | wnt ■ Magiilraia for the DDanlie. of ing of imitation by erery one who hii th« 

CMbridgeandHaoti. Mr.Bro-n -at third lent iota of palrioli.n) for hi. natlre land, 

._. of l*npekrt Brown, Eeq. tinee it m prinripallj through hi> ««t- 

hit UlaMajellyktHlnip' tioni that ibe great pioilncial Biileddfodau 

* Cdon, vbo w*. celebrated ia the lait m. nrived in 1SI9; and, ever mixdrul a. 

atoij (ander the better known appellation ha «i to further the d«itn of riling talent 

rf CaiBhilitj Bro<m) (or hi. ikill aod lute in othen, be hu left behind, *i a piuofaiid 

^1 .1.. .-J 1 1„ _ . f jijj ^^^ iadujiry and tagatd 

■H|Hmu a iwfic c«Mv ui jor ni. cnunCrj, a considerable calleetioD of 

, uad to the luhjecl of ihii .ndent Wetib MSS, aod rouiic, wliicb are 

«>fmair, after bii Iho eldei brotberi had en- eonsidered to be tbe mo>t eiiensire now 

Jojed K (41 luceeaiioD, and bad died vilhout eitut. 
MM, vla^Uacclot, a Batriitar, and tome- Hi.loii,ll 

~ i and John, aa cerelj felt, no 

'Jla late Mr. ofCambria, a 

1 -» of Si. Juhn'.-eollege, Cam- the Idot Hail 

Mg».a.A. I7B4, M.A. 1787i andvu pntent age; 

iw aan f d to tbe Bectnrf of Caninftna in relative, and Ineac, to wnom ne wa. anee- 

n»9 hf the Hon. Dr. Vaike, then Bitliop tiunatelj endeared, a. wall a> retired in the 

of El). He married eell; in life. Sunn, heartt of an eilenriie flock of pariihionert, 

lai«bl*T of Dr. Diekio., Rector of He- being councou. and affable to all, itricl tO 

anifhfi Oncj, oear HunilBgdaui and by hi. eogageniaDti and con.iiMnt in hi. prin. 

hv, nho BUrviTH kinii he ha. left t<*n looi, ciple. ; and whether lie be viewed u an ei- 

Laiiotlc4. Rector of KeLaJe Id Suffolk, who «n.ptary and eonjciaoiiuu. panor, deeplr 

CMrtaof Sometiham, in the lile of Elj, a fice, and ercn anilou. to lead aod point the 

Mag MUcbed to the Ragiua Prufeiior.hip way to brighter world., u an ioielligedC 

fFDirfnHy Is the Unlvenity of Cambridge i and impartial magiilrate, oris other depart- 

M cae diHighler Somd. meat, of hi. aeltve life, wa thall fiod in 

T1« RafluBaDf Mr. Brown veie depoiiltd aiample deacrrtog of emulation! and if pa- 

iij ifaoa* uf bia liulier, under tbe inonument Iriolism ba a virtue, tf liherallcy to wbaterer 

h iL* thascel uf Fenatanloo. Hit chatac- Hemed to have ■ claim on private charity, 

let vie that of an vKcelleAt pariih prieet i or public patronageT be dcHirlng of recordf 

■ad ha sill be tioeeraly laaeoted hy the the late vicar uf Kerry wu promineiu ia 

Cof In. naighboorhoixli to whoie want., thcK particular., lad will be remembered, 

.pinilial and lemporal, he never failed probably, a. long u the Awen of Cambrii 

>• adaiilater- In hi. bmily he wu warruly wilt be able to eipreii tt> feeling in the 

kala«.di aud the open-heaned .incetiiy nf figoraiive linguaga of poetry, 
ha hieadahlp Can be attetled by the writer On the Friday lubieijuent to 

•f tU., who eiperiaoced it (di half a can- hii remain, were iuteried in ll 

I Ktt the venenble aod highly pictur. 

^^alBUn, vale 1 at Mourn, lim mudu dig- where be IikI fur neatly a qnaii 

^^^■|LmH. arc." lury diipenied the Word of Lii 
^^^^^^Pr. Mao. Juniuiry, 

hit hop* witli niDoh prafii lo th> louU of 
till hearan, kmid & Utqe coacounp of yt- 
riihioDari, mho li«l uittublcd to pay (Ks 
hil, tkougli irclucliolj, uibute nF mpect 
to thair denued pMMr, neitlf too huadnd 
oE wbam providrd themKlie. wilh liUr 

■bikt tha nrincipcl fmhultlen ciutid ttia 
putptt, ntdmg-datlrj cummuuioD-lbbla uH 
ralli, to be ci»eiK) witii bliek clutli it then 

afCroiiHwid HouM, in tha pultb of Guili- 

fialil, Moi]lgomer]>ihirc, ■ ladj of «timft- 

Oct. S. At Lunlietb, igad 59, Mr. Ja- 
aUluu WUiOD, die->iak<fsnd mediillut. 
Ua cetidid tlurcy yaut ia Sheffield, during 
wbiuh hii deiign> fur cutlery ud aiJver pUte 
coBtribuMd gleitlj to incraue the dei 

Laletg. In Oanrei-itrMt, Hcnora ft 
;iuiit« FrancoiM, wHk nf Dr. Sp 

Id Ely-plwe, KnucM, ynongi 
t>ta IUt. Sum. Cidirllwr, Vicu of Cbol 


■liter to the £ul of Cbiu. Sha fl 


Du). dau. of Richard the fith Bvl M 


WCODd i>IFa ElIiabetEl, dau. of OhnB 


fi»t, Noi. S, ITS3, to Capt. WillUB 


ry Jerrii. R. N. elder brother lo tflfl 


DC Viic. St. Vmceot, and by bin tfl 




i> I aod Henrietta-Elii-Mary, mairMT 
817 wCapt. Ed-n.rJm.r. k.N. K 


1799 ber Ladyiblp'a marringo •ilh Mr.Jer- 
• » ■*• diaiulied, and ihe wa> muiied Sdlji 
in Maich 1600, C--. the ReT. Rich. Biiclna- 
deo. by whom the had children. 

Id Go-er-tt. aged 88, Mn. A. Lloyd. 

Id FiBibury, aged fiS, V 




th* fint introducer of tha art of einbouii>g 
horn. H« wai a («]f'(aught artiiti and in. 
tha early part uf hit lif* ituditd Kitb the 
cclebraltd Chantray. 

Oct. SO. At Hishbury-roUage, aged 87. 
Martha, irida- ofMr. Philip MaJletl, >in(- 
ntichant, aoJ author of a pamphlet on the 
wine-trade ( wbnie death in 1795 by bring 
thrown from a diaiie Khan ridiug with thia 
lady, ii recoriled in oar vol. tiv. p. 793. 

Oct Franc«i, widow of G. Grao- 

*ltJe, eiq. and grand -daughter of the Rev. 
Marihall Brydgei, Cacon Retideatiary of 

Nov. 90. In Bruton it. France), youngett 
dau. of lata Eev. S. D. Myart, Vicat of 

Dec At Hammerimitb, In hii SOth 

year, Wm-Dlack, M.D. 

DecU.Mr.DoiialilSpalding. Hewaafoi 

"Club of True Kighlanilcri," aad waVaa 
eathuiiailic >i;|ipDretr of Cattic Dianacn. 
Il>> ical, iDdnd, led him ti> aclt that ware 
rather tcccDltic. He atCeodid the Qima'a 
funeral in the UlghlaDd coilumc, and Icn- 
Oered himielf much noticed j and excited 
lama diiplaaiure by hia attempli to lead tha 

>■ ' .. 

I, whDdi<taat,V 
the Lord'a-day, and the uaafai of thli cnun.- 
iry, play the CorDoach of their departed 

I^)r^.ii>. [aHlghbury-pk-W.Hi>ghe.,eH. 
Dtc. IH. In Baker-ittect, Tlii». Arm- 
•tioag. Ell), lurgciu. 
Dtt.ia. AiOHmaught-lcmct, P. Fiii- 


Jan 1. AlFulhara-lndL'a.aKEdn. Fred. 
Geo. younge>t eon of W. 3. Uuthall, «*q. 

Jan. i. Ac tlaoipilead, in hit S4lh yew', 
Mr. Jamai White, lata of Chobham, Surr^, 

Jan. 3. Aged 39, Ann, wife of Oao. Ro- 
bigloD, aaq. of New Broad-itreet, Kilicitor, 
and unly inriiving dau. of Rich. Southara.of 
York.— And, on the 13th, hcrhuibaodMh 

Jan. 4. Aged 117, Mark Morley, aaq. of 

In Upper Charlei-it. Fitiroj-iquare, Jo*. 

Jan. 6. AtKn;ghubri<Ige,agedB6, Fiu- 
cai-Auguita, relict of VVm. Howard, aaq. 

In Ftrliameut-itreet, the relict ofCapt. 
Dury, H. A. 

Jan. 6. Jane -Margaret, wife uf John 


Jun. 7. At Whitehall, a{ 

a( Philip ad Earl of Hardwicke, by I«l« 
Jemima a<npbell, Marcliluneat de Grey, 
wat married to Thomai Id and lata Lnxl 
Granlliam, Aug. 17, 1780, and wai lefthU 
widuw, July 90, 1786, hating had iuuctbrea 
•ana, ThoL-Philip the pment Lord Graat- 
ham, Fred.-Ji>hn nuw ViK. Goderlch, mnd 
Philip who died an inbut. By her Lady. 
ihip'ideath,Lord Granihim hai become tha 
immetliate hair preiumptive to the Harldoin 
of de Grey, to whioh he will lucceed on the 

elder co-beIte» nf that br^ch of the b'nuia 
iif Grey wliicli produced twelia Karit aod 

la OmM StaBhap('«tmt, lecd 79, (iu 
CoaMM Sl Marthi dc Fcoai. 
!■ Clilf(t-ic. Groinaur-);], agsj B9, Ann, 

i-tC Bcrkclej'-aq. tgcd 

uUtX atbi. Letaom. 

la D>*: 

«;. Ibc lUgl.! Ho 
urGtllonj. Sheiruthiadcl>u,af Sil^. 
DuliBuod. tlw ><! BiruDFt uf Kirklinglcn- 
ivh « 0>rarri.liir(. >nd M. P. for th.( 
cagnij, hj EliuIiPth, diu. aod coil, (with 
An> OaehcM of Uimiltoo) ..f £ilw. Spta- 
ta. at tUoilleduin, *iq-i lad ni cnme- 
fotMl; uiat to ihe ptueat Duke uf Man- 
ihw>» I, DucHtu o! M-iairote, Msrchkiaeil 
at Sij, kc. Sh* beuinB ihs SJ wife of 
Juba 7lhw»<tiu(E*rloFGallaiHj, Juna IS, 

u left hi 

Iwring Itad • tmrnilj of i 
^aa. uf ^ham Gwrgs ■• tne prnent IMii 
ud K. T.. Charl»-Jani« ii Bltlinc of Que- 
int, wd SuHD u DiMhaii nf Miilburmigli. 
ya. a. la a dutl fvugbt neoi (h* Rod 
Huvar. BMMrwft-field*. Orirsr CIbjIod, ei<\. 
idllH af " CIt;tue'< Court Guide." Hii 
uffoBOA wu Lieul. R. Lsuibcecht. Tbi 
qiomllook plaMal Waal'iHiHel, Pintna- 
Kpua, St-Jaoiri'i, wbera Mr.ClajMo tiaJ 
wijail k abnut ihm jrnri. Mr. Cliyluo 
M tfae HB s( a buikir al Gali»y, and h» 
nlube* an all uf th« Cathulic rsligion. 
Ahull Ibur jrean ago hs publicly abjured tbe 
Utholio RHgHHii and •uiiuqueoil; bai been 
np$wl ia ■ntiDif ag.Lmt ihe cbini. of ihe 
CHboltea Id wioua jKriudlcal wurkt Ha 
■• tlto tlu aulhor of Mveral pamphleu, aoj 
rf*»oA Mlled --TsD Milo roand London." 
t CtUDser'a jur; biuughi in ■ verdict of 
" •ilAtI Burdct" agaiail Li^ut. Lambreclii, 
iWprJBdpal, aod Licut-Coi aod Mt. Bigleji, 

Id KtiuiugtoD-i<|. ig«d70,Mri. 
phia Jobfunn. 

Bll->q. William Pratt, «q, 
Jan. lu. In Somerut-itr. Portmaii'aqu, 
•gid U, Mn. Aan Brooki. 
Jan. II. At HcixtOD, agsd 73, Gabriel 

Jh. 14. Ib OrmoBd-iE. in bii 37ttl josr, 
FiM. Wdlian FnmptoB, ofCliftoo, M.D. 

CafaKBa Liu?, ucnad daii. of Geo. £. 
iU«r4A>iinaBt Chief Clerk of tbeOrdcance, 
Tmcr of LoodnD. 

Jo. 14. Al Lambeth, aged ^0, Anae, 
ttllH ofTliHiiai Rullocli, eu. 

JwM. I ». MalJda, •rife of of R«*. Jolm 
Mikhal, Rector of St. Nicholu Culaabbe;. 

J*K. )(. At Kcniiuun, aged 76, Jaor, 
•ilM of M4a> JobB Sam TorciaDoo. 

AiKMiinctM, Mj«V«rnoa. 

Affi «0, John Kaaih, *hi. uf Quaen-iq. 

JoLlT. AtChclwa.andSa,Mr. KiDG. 
tem of Mr. H. W. Kiog. wlicitor. Briitol. 

UllMarwiCluiatcrt.Wciatiniwter, ig«t 
M, Mn. Laudon, niMhar of tbc lift. 
I';«baid LaoduB, Rsn«rorSi. Edmund the 

li RageflHtt. MarptBt Aime, wife of 


JAKY. 91 

IUt. Chai. Ojnoka Willuima, ud aiaoe of 
tha talc Right lion. W. Wiodhasi. 

Jan. 17. At Wajaroctb, Tho. Carter,n(j. 

fijrmerljr a lurgeoB and apotliecarj, but who 
hut retired fiom tbe prufmion masy }aan. 
Jolt, IB. Ill Albeoiatts-ttrest, aged Bti, 
Finncri, relict of late Sii Rich. Naate, lbs 
6r>t Dirt. urDagenham-paik, E»k, F.R.S. 
and F.S.A. Sbn oai tl<e 4th dau. of John 
Brittov, eiq. vai married Fab. 16, not, 
and left ■ widow Jaa. 33, laM, baling 
hail iiiue SirThomaa the pratenl Baronet, 

hamplon.lod^e, Ovxi, 

Aged 7 1 , Win. Dinieiadiii, au|. 

Jan. 10. Jd Upper Beilietejf icreet, aged 
60, Pliilip I'erry, eiig. of nioor-liall, near 




aged tii, Edw 

ard BeDJ. 



tv of Calcucia. 
flryau RoiMr, 


Hit u 

e>q. ful- 




CO. Durbain. 


In e 

ccaddlj, Lydia, 

wldow of 



, Biq. 

f Twickenham. 



Al M.ulden MUl, Mr. 




en and Jdn. 1 

at the 


laao Peunyfatbe 

r. Thoy 


and 1 

Ycd to he neA.t 

77 7e*i» 

BiRKi.— Near Reading, Mra. Milfnid, 
mother of the autboceii. 

At Spccn-liill, EliiaUth, dau. of Kev. 
Jamei EtCy, latarectoroFWhllohuich. Oxt. 

Jint.6. Al Budbeti-hill, in her 19th 
jear, ilia r«licl of Thuinu CompuiD, »q. of 
Chulderlon, HariK. 

Jan. 9. At Newburv, nRed 84, Hr>. 
Mnrj Child, tUter of late Edw. C. eHj. of 

BucM.— Den. 17- At Chal foot- lodge. 
R. Hibbart, e«,.]un. 

CHUHini.— At Chatter, ihe widow of 
nod notber of Chu. K. Munnarinc, Mq. 

Corhvall.— Jan. IG. Hubert Baka, ei(i. 

Di-ov.—Dee. te. At Mouui Radford, 
Eietei. aged ii, Eleanet Sophia, elditt 
da. of Ni£anielTrigOD Still, axfofDeao't 




at tl»t pott. 

Jan. 4. 

At lb» re. 

dance o her father. 

David D. 

I, of Hun- 

oo. Am 

eli*, wife of 



At PWout 

1, aged 

re, Tl,om« 

Yale., eaq^De« 



At Ho^ 

age, John 

Mureh, e> 

''■ Al L;fto 


Ja... 14 

, Kj^i M. 




HaBMdif yoaa y it 6an. of Uce John Bctrd* 
etq. of HftllwhYfMon, Curowall, tod titter to 
Iftte Mrt. Aruoocl Htrrwy of Konegio, Cornw. 

EtiBz.— Jon. 19. Agtd 89, Robert 
Dftviet, etq. of Walthamttow. 

Gloucectbiiihirb.— - Dm. S7. Mr. R. 
Edwerdt, manj yeart printer in Briitol, bat 
Intel? of Cnne-oowty Vleet-ttreet. He wu 
oonndeotinllj employed by Mr. PerceT»l to 

firint the book eontniuiog *< The Ddicete 
nvcttigttion ;" from n copy pirMed, the 
work wu efterwardt poblished. 

Lately, At Cbeltenhnray the widow of the 
Hon. H. Bntler. 

Arthur M. Storkley, etq. of Wickwar. 

At Leamington, aged 7S» Mra. Roche, 
formerly of Stratford upon Avon. 

JoR, 8. At Moorfield-house, near Brit- 
tolf aged 78, Samuel White, etq. deeply 
lamented by hit aged widow and a large 
drcle of frienda. 

Jan. 8. At Leamington, Jemlma^Little, 
relict of Rev. J. Worgan, V. of Pebworth. 

Jan, 10. At Yate, aged 70, Mr. Wm. 
Ludlow, laat turviving ton of Daniel Lud- 
low, M.D. of Chipping Sodbnry, and uncle 
to Mr. Sergeant Ludlow. 

Jan. 14. At the Abbey-gate Houte, 
Brittol, Sntanna, eldett daughter of the late 
W.Barrett, etq. turgeon and hittorian of 
that city. 

At Charlton Kinet, aeed 61, Eliiabetb, 
I. Uritdue 

relict of Rev. Ben. 

Ir, A.M. Rector of 

Jan. Iff. At Clifton, the wife of Janet 
GraTet Rnttelly etq. dan. of late Richard 
Lechmere, etq. 

Hamti. — Dec. 97. At Emtworth, aged 
85, Mitt Joan Coleman. In contequenoe of 
having tlept in a damp bed when a child, 
thit tragttlar individual wat deprived of bear- 
ing and speech, and, what it atill more re- 
markable, her mind appeart to have been 
ttinted from that time } to that, with a very 
antiquated vitage, and *<guite of ancient 
date," the teemed to pottett the fiusultiet of 
a tprightly girl about tix or eight yeart of 
age— tuch at fondoett for playthingi, love 
of gay tightt and drett, and ranch attach- 
ment to children. But, though her under- 
ttanding wat to defective, her memory wat 
remarkably atrong j the never forgot the 
peiton the had once teen, nor the appella- 
tion by which that person had been desig- 
nated in her vooabulary. She generally 
attended ohnrch, and turned over the leavet 
of the book at if following the minister ( 
and on the day of her death the wat heard 
frequently to ejaculate, in her own dialect, 
u (^u. Father," and « Amen." 

Latdy, AtGutport, Mitt Haltted, titter 
of Vice-Adm. Sir Lawrence Haltted. 

At Winchetter, Arthur Clifford, etq. 

Jan. 18. In Winchetter, aged 88, John- 
Charlet, ton of the late John Dieterich, 
etq. ttaff-officer of the dep6t, Lymington. 

Jon, 17. At Winchntier, aged 88, Jaa. 

Orabnm, Mq. ronMvfy ni UmoImbI 
late of Eatton, near WiMhoaler, 

At Paekham-hooie, (tho nilll 
Major Brice, her ton-iu-1aw,] agnd 
roline, wifo of R. A. SaKalraiy, etq. 
Chapel Allefton, eo. York, nA j 
dan. of the late John Stanifeid^ 

Hbhbf. — Aged tfS, I«ba1ln, v 
Tbomaa Nixon, eaq. Bi1bBill-lod«. 

Hbrtb.— >I>M.80. Agod78,Jbh 
Dickinton, etq. of Wane, for nuaj ] 
active oonnty magiatnte, and mi 
the Rev. John Baron, of Pkitithall, < 

Dee. ... At fialdoek, aged 7t» 
Hicket, etq. M.D. gieat-grandaoa 
nonjorinff Uean of Woreettcr, and 
Charlet Hicket, etq. of Bath. 

Jan. 6. At Hoddeadon, agnd M, 
Beldon, etq. 

Kw/n.^^Oci. ... At New Graiai 
mondt, etq. a masittnile for Kent. 

Dec. 99. In the Itle of TImmI 
the retided during her lone lifo, M 
mans (formerly Aiitt Clnnn}, a^d U 
beine the only female bom in •■» b 
her mmily for a centurr. Mrt. VoM 
once married, and had one eon •■ 
died without ittue. Her only brodM 
mer at Birchlngton near MargUi^ I 
one ton only, who to c eoi da d to li 
where hit widow now rtridea j bo fa 
children, all tout, teven of wh 
now living, tradetraen in Loado 
eldett, Mr. John Clonn, grooofy etf 
inn-hme, after having Men man 
veart and had fonr tons, baa 
had a daughter (the only female ab 
Yeomant waa bom). Two of Mr. 
brothert (Mr. T. Clnnn, n pai 
Richardton't coffee-bonte, CovcM 
and Mr. E. Clunn, law ttationtr, CI 
lane,) are alto nunied, but el prM 
have tout only. 

Jan. 8. At Raowgate, aged 77i 
Culmer, etq. fkther-m-law to Capti 
Wilton, of that place, late of Hdl. 

Jan, 8. At Nottingham-lodge, C 
wife of Joteph Carter, etq. of LMibi 

Jon. 11. At Deptford-bridge, i 
Mr. Hubert Hoara. 

Jan. 15. At the Vicarage, WSb 
the relict of Rev. John Wall, V. of 

Lancashire. — Lately. At Littin 
Mr. Joteph Bolton, a^d 109, and i 
hit facultiet to the latt. 

Jan. 4. At Shepley hall, Johi 
esq. a maglttrate of Lane, and Chet 

Jan. 6. At the houte of her ton 
Mr. Thomat Fletcher, Liverpool, i 
Mary, widow of Rev. WUliam 

LaiCEtTERtHIRB. — Dec, ... At V 
parva Hall, Hannah, dao. of late J 
Grundy, eaq. of Lightwood How 

Jan, 5, At Snarettone, in her 70 

tUmmk, vUb* of Tboou CIhBi CMI. of 

LmcoLBtaim. — Dta.t1. AlCiwthorpa, 
W. Dna.H^. 

Om. ■£. AtBoara, id hli nOtli jtu, 
V. t«irr*Da> «q. formcilj of HKcaotrr. 

tMsly. Ai Onaduin, ucd 69, Mr. Pu- 
kiM, ewBtncnlT nllcd " Dr. Pvklai," t 
--'■'• — ' ■•B«lag«t ud hniina- uUtt. 

, the vidoir nf R. Lambe, dq. 
.-Va<i.g. Ai BlaniB- 
I du>. or the l*U Tb». 

■el, bf Anni, iKonclilHi.of HninpTin) Pu^ 
ai>ni, nq. tvioe Lord Ma^r tAljonitin- 

Jan. la. At B«th, agfd 73, Ju. Slioito 
Doiiglu, Utr Coniul-gcnenl « Tangier. 

BTirrooDSHiKt. — Laltly. At Weit- 
bauiDS-eroTi, W. G. Jahotaa, tin. ofPorl- 

At WBdaiihury , 3. F. CtOKthn, «q. lo- 


*1U, U^ Receivei-g^E 
NeaLTOU^ — .Atit. «. At Yimoath. tgnl Jm. 19. 

M. WdlwH ArnlUga. e>q. Page, molbei 

KoaTniHnoHiHini. — Jini.%. Agt4\3, R. L Page. 

Jala, Kcoad aoo of W. Rnie Raa*. etq, of of Sarnuel Piga, 

r Ǥea 

Cbapd Bnmptno. 

Jan. 9. Mary, e^tt aaugniar m iiiv lav 
TioHna Lot ThoniMfl, aq. of Brockhall. 

NoaT>iiu>iiL>Ki>.— At Na«CMtle, agtd 
H, Mr*. C*<ni> Wcaa, U>Ida<c«>da>il from 
9»Cliili> u| ilwr WfEB, nUmiDg hu umi. in 
da Bonh «f Ei^iawl 

J<n. a. At N«na>Ile-iipflDT;r<>*> ■&"< 
M, Valaatinc HDIchiDiDD, «<]. 

NoTT*.— Jm. 9. AgidTS.Mr. R. Frmt, 
NalM^IlM^ OM of tb« Soelvl; uT Frifntli. 
H* aw aBtehKiie uf the fir>t onJer, bit 
aaa* btiae identlGed silh the trade and 
Maai iBHattoaa of the Iovd. His mode of 

'on. ). At SudliUF 
.« of John Addiit . . ,. 
I. of lute Thomai Fenn, «n. 
al for Suffolk. 

E Ipiwicli, aged 97, Mri. Add 

r Rear-A'lDi. Page, tliB Rei. 

eetnr of PanlielJ, Eaiei, and 


At BnodoD, aged 
n-Milhr Keo^oo 

., Ja>. Par- 


iiDgular ; for SSym 
1 food, ■ ■ ■ 

ecalad barn a aiih to »oid lalilog •wt]' life. 

OloN. — Al Blacli BourtoD, io hii lUOth 
fmt, Ui. Tlioaiaa Keane. 

JiiB. T. BeBJioi'D Churchill, eiq. oue of 
Ik> iycmm of Woadiloek. 

J«i.*0. At Oiford, Frederick, iofiut 
■ af tha B4T. Joliu Antooj Ctaiaer, Pub- 
I kOMor. 

SlLAT.— Jan. H. Aged 70, Mr. JoliD 
Hncock. of the Prior;, Shrentbui]'. 

SOMUIIT.— Ore... At MantoD-hoUM, 

, of the Id 

I of Life Guard). 

Svii»ty.— Lately. At Epiom, Sir Janet 
Alexander. He wai knighted whtn Sheriff 
nF L/indoD, March I, isoa, 

Jan. 8. At Croydoo-lodga, That. Bain- 
bridge, e<q. 

Jan. 10. Al Surhitoa -place, aged 13, 
Ano-HodioD, dan. of Mi. Ald.Ganmtt. 

Svuu.— £>» At Brighton, m hi) 

aOlh Tear, Aleiander DtTiiiin, «q. of Svan- 
land Park, en. Narthumberland, aad fbr. 
merlif of St. Jamei'i-iqusre, Lnndno. Hi* 

Kirk Ne-tOD, to. Nortbumb. "° ' "° 

Jan. 7. Al Nfton Houie, neat Chichet- 
ter, aged 84, Edward Ptjnc, esq. 

At Brlghioo, Capi. C. R. F»»d, formerl; 
ofSOlb regKBmt of fuot, aoo af lata Usul.- 
Geo. Feed, R A. 

Jan. B. At Chichetln, Philip Shallett 
Marelt, etq. of ibe looer Temple. 

Jan. 17. At Brighton, aged G3,Thn(nai 
Fedle;, eiq. of HuddenGtld and Uodon. 

WiiTMOHiiABD.— Jan. 6. AlCMlertoo- 
liall, after eitreme luffprinn for eleien yean, 
Eliiabeih, Hcond dau. of W. WilaoD Canii 


. Al Bath, aged 76, Ed-ard PaitoD, eiq. of 

WitTi Jan. 13. At Sali.butj, aged 

ApUMu. Norfblk, bther of lb. p.e.ent 


Al Bath, adnoeed L. age. the >ido« of 

Jan. 14. Aged 14, Charlei Rrauchtan 


Hoddbg, third .on of Thorn.* Da.i., ,«,. 

BUaabMh. *\h of W. Rodbard, ctq. of 

Wm CoW-hOBM. 

Wo«CE!Ttmi<iaa.-Jon. IS. At NaiJe- 

At Bth. m hi. 90th jear, John Walmi.- 

fjn, Pliilippa-Eliiab«ll.,»ifeofMr.Ho-land 

l,.-,. of Wi6«,, forroerl, a Capuio io 

Henrj Unlhal. 


Oer. «7. At Bath, ajed B», Mr. Baroe.. 

poo, Frmnci. Wilkinion, in h» 106th year. 


Jan. 4. At Elloughton, aged 64, Mr. 

JM ». Al Shepton Mallell, J. Browni, 

■af. amhat at the Hojal Collcgt of Sar. 


lairlj/. At i)ari«n-uu<iD-H umber, aged 

87. Mn. WilkinMo, mutllct of Robert WiU 

J«. (. At Caitli Carr. aged 7«, M». 

Aam MaHa W,H>dforde. dao. of late Heighet 

kipioD, e,q. ofLondoD. 

W. eea. ofAniford. 
Al Bath, aged M, Mri. Sarah CoMOD, 

JoJi. e. At Dunenmbe Park, aged to. 

till Hon. Adolpbiu Duacombe, CouisoDir 

Mat to Sir Vincent Cniun, bail, of Mad- 

ofChriit Chureh, Oiford, fourth lurriviag 

tet dan. of Sir JoIiD^Hjode the Alb Biro- 



Obituary,— fitZ< of MoriaUly, — Markelt. 


Geone Woodboiue Parrett, thipboUder, Mid 
member of the Corporation. 

Jan, 9. At Pontefiract, aged 889 Mary, 
relict of Rev. MUet Steadman. 

Jan, IS. At York, Thomas, Toongett son 
of the late W. H. Harrison, M.U. of Ripon. 

Jan, 15. At Beverler, the widow of the 
RcT. John Oilbjf, LU B. 

Jan, 17. At Hull, aged 74, William 
Wilson, gent, late a considerable oom-&ctor. 

Wales.— Scr^. 81. At Bangor, Anne, 
widow of Rev. John Williams, Vicar of Pro- 
bos, Cornwall, and dau. of the late Sir 
Wm. Elias Taunton, of Orand Pont, near 
Oxford. To a highly cultivated and accom- 
plished mind were blended all those Chris- 
tian graces that best adorn our nature, and 
whicn, thoughout her lifs, were exemplified 
in deeds of active benevolence, and by the 
submissive and meek endurance of a painful 
and protracted illness. 

lite, SO. At Eglwysfach, co. Denbigh, 
aged 80, Mr. John Owen, manvyears Clerk 
to the Commissioners of Land Tax and As- 
sessed Taxes in the hundred of Uwchddulas. 
He was a man of very considerable talents. 
From his thorough knowledge of parochial 
and other business, his aid and assistance in 
these matters, as well as in all things con- 
nected with his official situation, were in 
general request throughout that division of 
the county. 

Dee,%6, At DolgeHy. Merionethah. W* 
Williams, esq. B.A. of Queen's colLOxfoid* 

Scotland. — Z>ec.8 1 . Alei. Mwimy Guth- 
rie, esq. younger, of CraigM ; and, Jan. 14, 
in his 90th year, James Gnthrie, asq. of 

Lately, At Edinborght David Baatson, 
esq. Keeper of the Council Recotda. 

Jojs. 4. At Langlev Park* oo« Forfcr, i^mI 
89, James CnuksMnk, esq. 

Irkland. — Dec 19. At the Deny Infir- 
mary, Jane Donnel, ued 106. Whan a girl 
of 1 5, she crossed tns river Foyle on the 
ice, in 1789 (the great firoet which conti- 
nued for three months) from Gle n dennott, 
where she had purchased a wheel, whk^ 
was the companion of Iwr joomey to Ame- 
rica in 1 800, from whence she returned in 
1807, with the same wheel, being all her 
furniture. She poaseased all her fiusultiaa to 
the last. 

Lately. At Clonmel, aged 103, Michael 
Ivy, a pauper. He retained hia fiiiottltiaa to 
the last. 

Aged 108, Francis Bryant, esq. of Moy, 

Abroad. — June 5. At Allahabad, Mmor 
Thomas Alexander Hepworth, E.I.C. ekiMt 
son of late Capt. Brodie Hepworth, of the 
Mansfield Indiaman. 

June 17. At Chunar, Bengal^ Major H. 
Maxwell, 4Sd reg. E.I.C. 

BILL OF MORTALITY, from Dec. 28, 1899 to Jan. 19, 1830. 

Males - 84 

Females - 844 


Males - 889 
Females - 850 



Whereof have died under two years old 470 
Salt £s. per bushel ; 1 ^d. per pound. 

9 and 6 145 
6 and 10 73. 
10 and 90 55 
90 and 30 90 
80 and 40 ll(f 
40 and 50 180 

60 and 90 IM 
60 and 70 168 
70 and 80 174 
80 and 90 31 
90 and 100 15 
and 101 1 


. 95. 






J. iU 

t, d. 

t, d. 

t, d. 

t, d. 






«. d, 

KentBai^ 5/. 19f. to 

Sussex l)itto 6^ 55. to 6L 6s, 

Essex 5/. 19<. to 7/. 7«. 

Famham (fine) 19/. Os, to 13/. IS5. 


8/. OS. 

Famham (seconds) 9/. Of. to IOL 10s. 

Kent Pockets 6!. 05. to 10.'. Os. 

Sussex 5/. 55. to eU 6f, 

Essex 6L es. to 8/. 8f. 

Smithfield, Hay 9/. 105. to 4/. 105. Straw 1/. IO5. to 9/. 95. Clover 9/. 155. to 51. 05. 

SMITHFIELD, Jan. 95. To sink the 0£Fal--per stone of 8lU. 

4d. Lamb O5. Od, to Of . O1& 

6d, Head of Cattle at Market . Jan. 95 : 

6d. Beasts 9,573 Calves 106 

Ad, Sheep and Lambs 1 7,960 Pigs 990 

COAL MARKET, Jan. 95, 395. Od, to 405. Od, 

TALLOW, per cwu— Town Tallow, 4O5. Off. Yellow Russia, 885. 6d. 

MAP.— Yellow, 745. Mottled, 805. Curd, 895.— CANDLES, 75. per dos. Moulds, 8f.6tf. 

Beef 35. lotf. to 45. 

Mutton 45. od, to 45. 

Veal 45. 6d. to 55. 

Pork 45. 4d, to 55. 

[ 96 ] 
OF SHARES, January IS, 1830, 



Die. ^sn. 


Elkumere mvl Cheiicr 

Fortii uhi a^aa 

Oruid iuBciian 
tinei Wrtttn 

I«*di and Liverpool 

Lm. ukI North'a 
Mnnaintifaihire . 

Nuth . . . 
(Xrard . . . 
F<^ P«r*(i . 

SuKaodTroi.' '. 
Stsnrbridga ■ • 

Dim. BiMk . . . 

W*r>. ud Birraing. 
Win«k U.1 NiftuD 
WauudBerki . . 
Were ud Birraing. 

Sl Kubarioc's . . 

La4«i (Slock) 

WMladi* (Stock) 
Ew laJk (Stock) 
Ui>M>ci*l (SlodiJ 
Btinol ..... 

KtBomniilli . . 

iJn. N« I* m «Bl! 

Soucli LoadoD . 
Wot Middleidi , 
All.i<.a .... 
Allitoca . . . 
Ailu .... 
Hrititb CoTanwrcjal 
Cauatjfitt . . 


GIoIm .... 
Guudian . . . 
Ho^eUb . . . 



Gnud JunctiDQ '. 

RockLir> . . . . 

Rt.Euhuige (Stock) 


DgloM«ic«. . . 


Coloml). (iii.»tSnm) 
Hiberolui . . . 
Iriah Miolag Compr 
Re.ll Del Monts . 

lite uFTimnel . 

MudiloDa . .' 

KitclilT . . 

HpcUd*I> . . 

Sheffield . . 

Bank, IriiliPrmiDciitl 
" , Id cl»i . . 


4i pn>. 

t »8 ] 

From Difmitr SG, I BSD, Is Jatrnmry SS, 1 830, hoik iaehuive. 


si si 






rt-. T 





































From Dctrmler >!>> 1 819, to January a?, 1880, tolh inebuai*. 










£i. Bilti, 




70 pm 
7071 pm 








"■•* t 




77 79 pai. 




7a 73 po. 


78 79 pm. 





9Si * 



73 74 pm 

77 78 p«l. 


931 *' .IOO|[I01i i 

73 74 pm 



74 75 pm 


Mi — iDoiio'i i 

74 7apni 

19 1 — ;-4 7.ip™ 

!ia |94 

98J jj ■.OOJIO* Ij 

19 i*9l!Ta73l-in 

— -e 77 m. 

its 94 

98* 4 ' .loaj.ioij a 


ilS 95 4 |94* 4|100j;H)0(:[01i i 

19 Wl 

77 78 pa. 

11^94) 194 3j 

lOOjlOO lOlJ 

76 77 p«. 


MS |94* 93 i 

^100 ion 

IB Mflj 


74 pn.. 


rt ' '' ' 


— 1 

74 p™. 

93 i 

77 79 po. 


>19 |9ii isn Ij 

m\io^i iiiosj 

74 73 pm. 

ISilwi 3jl3*l ^ 

'loo 1.0.4 i.oaj 






IMl — 




Ain. Ju. 

16, S 


), 9a|.~Ju. e7, 9si. 

J, Stuck Btolur, Ibnk-builaiBg*, Ci 
Um Richarmuh, " 






fer- FEBRUARY, 1830. 

|i [PUBLISHED MARCH I, 1830.] 

1 #rigtnal CoinmunicBtian^. Rer. J. G™! 

'MdConWtioM laiccmiObitmitei 

ofZtchsrUh, rh. ii 

JEB, Epucopal lourferepcf I 

I «t a e»iMeintl*n» P.rith Pr»>t .... I 
Mi Rn. Q. Snii«r.-Cudln<>l Wild I 
"- - .oof Sl M>i7 0erj'iCtiDicb...l 
mreh, lail Aoilquitiu orDundry.] 
of thi MuufjicturiDc CUuei....i 

N Hd DeeUu of WUcbcnft I 

afSouth M1m>, MiddleiM i 

cf Titiitock ud ita Abbef.. 
■ty of Reeurdi in tba ChipUr Kaufl 
i4 Writinn uf Chruuiphar Mulowe.. 

Itra^h the Higbtudi 

■Hike FuDBiltrortheTliHUial Fund. 


McaoinofthcTDwtrDf LoDdoa., 1 

Moon'tLibafLord Brnin I 

Goldimid oo llw D1>(bWlci« »f tlu Jen... 1 

BnDibjr'i HittaTTDrCrninDDCutlt I 

HuowrSDiir.oftUlphTUttibj I 



>f jBnn Vublitatisnif. 

ft Baeaidt nt CUpotiUm'iExiKiUtioB 


Ki Hliwrj ..( iliT J.« 

»■'• Uetuwiun Sdulpluie 

miiaT\i»\ €tTonUft. 

ProeKiTiDgi in picunt Sci>:oa if PuliuncDt 

Domntic Occumnnl 

Promatmiu, fbc. ItiS.— MsrriigM 

OdTUtRvi with Memoir, of tdt Qunn nf 

Ponunl I Htm. J. MonckCan ; G«a. Sir H. 

CIlBtcnii Si'Thn.Uwrence; Geo. D.o., 

E>a.iMri.Flt>GerBliliD[ WiuonilUf. 

W. Birc;h i Mr. Ijlly Wigj;, F L.S. | W. 

Ejtnn Toofce, Etq.; Ike. So i 

Bill or MomJiiy.— MuUti, 190 — shar«iL„. 
Meleorolngicil Dili;. — Fricet of Sii>cla..ie3 

X«ti«ni>hMt wHIl > View of tha Church ud TowtH nf Dukdhv, at. SomerMCi 

AIm with R«pKwnutliMi< nf wme isciiht Rllio id Tivtstoce Chukch ; 

Cut. Ci-TriNToii'i Funiiil; uid Specimeu uf AmcikN TiTTiioi^ia. 


,meri Slr.-.t. Weitmiui 

[ 98 ] 


Wt baT« oominiinicated Mr. Beird's let- 
ter to the writer of th« article compUined 
of; and his answer is as follows : — '* Mr. 
Beard had certainly no idea of meeting with 
a raxor in the critic, a Trinitarian Clergy- 
man of the Church of England. Tlie latter 
is bound by the canons and his ordination 
vow, tp support the doetrine of the Church 
to which he belongs { and that doctrine is, 
that unless Christ be Ood as well as man, 
the atonement is not efficacious. The main 
point of Mr. B.*s letter is a denial, that the 
Unitarians argue A priori concerning Deity ; 
but how is it pouible for them to impugn 
the doctrine of the Trinity, without predi- 
cating, that there cannot be a Triune Deity, 
the poMibility of which even Hume admits ? 
As to other points of his letter, many Cler' 
gymen are of opinion (and not without rea- 
son) that Unitarianum tempts its follow- 
ers to commit the sin against the Huly 
Ghost; and therefore is the most perni- 
cious form of Dissent. Concerning the in- 
sults in Mr, B.'s letter, the Clergy every day 
meet with rampant sectaries of all kinds, 
and if they know their duty, only pray f(»r 
the conversion of them, in common with 
Jews, Turks, infidels, and heretics." 

A. Z. A. is mfurmed, that his MS. copy 
of Bishop Lake's dying Declaration, was 
copied from "A Derence of the Pmfestion 
which the late Right Rev. John late Lord 
Bishop of Chichester, made upon his death- 
bed, concerning Passive Obedience and the 
new Oaths; together with an Account of 
some passages nf his life, by Rob. Jenkins, 
1690, 4to; and that the said declaration* . 
or *' profession,*' is quoted by Mr. Dalla- '* 
way, in his memoirs of the Bishops of Chi- 
chester, Hbtory of Sussex, vol. L p. 91. 

A Constant Rbadkr asks for «some 
particulars relative to the pedigree, arms, 
&c. of the fitmily of Bamham, of Boughton 
Monchenoy, Kent. Hasted mentions seve- 
ral of the fiunily. The baronetcy became .. 
extinct some time in the latter part of the 
17th, or the earlier part of the 16th cen- 
tury*" In the Appendix to the late edition 
of bebrett's Baronetage, the baronetcy is 
stated to have lasted only from 1663 to 

The following are corrections of our re- 
cent Obituaries, &c— December, p. 669, 
The fomily name of the Marquess of Head- 
fort is not Taylour t all the family write 
their name Taylor. The former mode of 
spelling has obtained pisce in the Peerages 
probably from confosion with the Earl of 
Winterton's name. Tumour. In the same 
article, for Kello read Kells ; and for Lonr- 
fordy Viscountess Langford. — P. 571. The 

late Archdeacon HeathcoCe lost hb wife, 
the dsughter of Dr. Wall, after the birth 
of one son ; and he contracted a second 
marriage with Miss Beadon of Stoneham, a 
relation of the late Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, by whom ho had five children } who 
live to deplore the loss of both parents, 
Mrs. Heathcote having died a short time 
before the Ardideacon.-^Ibid. The Rev. 
John Strange Daodridge, was M. A. of 
Worcester College, Oxford, where he waa 
formerly on the foundation. It was anothar 
cleri^man of the same names (we presume 
his fiither), and who is now Rector of Roas- 
ham, Oxfordshire, and SSresham, North- 
amptonshire, that was of Emanuel College, 
Cambridge. — P. 686, for the county tk 
Ross, read Roscommon.— P. 647. The Rev. 
John Wilde was son of John Wilde, esq. of 
Hamage, by Miss -Dodd, a lady of «n an- 
cient family. Besides the third portion of 
Ponteshury, he held the miout^ of Al- 
brighton Chapel near Shrewsbury; where 
he was a forcible and energetic picachert 
and had formed a Sunday School. He died 
on the 1 6th Dec. and his remains were in- 
terred iu the Church of Cound. — Jaauaiy, 
p. 76, a. 19 from bottom, for Banymonnt 
read Barrowmount ; b. 1 1 from bottom, for 
Hon. John Spencer read John Spencer, esq. 
and for niece read cousin. — P. 77, b. the 
three lines, beginning *' The Viscountj of 
Fenton," were mtended to conclude the ar^ 
tide. — P. 79, b. 37, for James Dnpr^ of 
Whilton Park, read Josias Dupr^ of Wil- 
ton Park. — P. 87. Mr. Goring's second wifo 
was Miss Luxford, not Saxfonl; and hb 
third wife was not his cousin, being tiie 
daughter of Dr. Ballard by another wife, « 
daughter of T. G. Waller, esq. of Winches^- 
ter.— Ibid. Mr. Chamberlayne died at Wee- 
ton Grove near Southampton ; he never re- 
sided at Craiiburv Park. He was not the 
son of the late Lady Holland, nor waa she 
ever martied to his father (into which mis- 
take we were led by Debrett*s Peerage, un- 
der Zouche) ; but only to Mr. Dummer and 
Mr. Dance (afterwards Sir Nathaniel Hol- 
land), by neither of whom had she issue. 
Mr. Chamberlayne the elder was solicitor to 
Mr. Dummer, and acquired the latter's mn- 
nifioeut bequest from personal regard, not, 
it is believed, from any affini^ or fomily 
connection. On occasion of King Georce 
III. visiting Winchester school in 1778, toe 
late Mr. Chamberlayne was selected to deli- 
ver a speech to his Majesty. The last pa- 
ragraph, on the erasure <»f the words " nb 
mother," will be correct. — P. .98. Lady Isa- 
bella Eiuyle died Dec. t4. Mr. Kenyoo at 
hu deatli was Captain half-pay 85th foot. 


'eight ihill rcit; — the u 

FEBRUARY. 1830. 


Mi. f bbaw, Feb. 2. 

I HAVE frequeiiily iibstfTH iviih 
[ik»iirc ihc manly aplril wiili 
Mhich vuii have aiood lorwanl in ilie On prniiri Dimueui too, KUnlMr 
catnc af religion. This luducci mr lo 
Ixlievc ibat wiial I hare hrre lo of- 
ta for a |me« orvour Miscellany, will 
bt in McorJ witn ll>e general lenor 

Il ii not at a poetical composfiion 
ihat 1 witti lo (il)lrude ii upon notice. 
One wlio hat allempted poetry in 
hit youth, may be allawcd lo divmiJIe 
■ttloa tranililor in idianrec! liTe, and 
jott will find me to be liiile more than 
a pociical comnienmlor. With hinii 
derived rrnm Biihop Lowlh, and some 
eanjcciuro of my own, I vonIJ Tuin 
believe that 1 m*y liave rendered in- 
tdligible lo your terious readcri a 
Kapler of Zechariah, who yietdi lo 
few of ibe Hebrew propheli, for the 
awrulncw of liii prediction), poeti- 
cal iiDigery, and lender and aHVction- 
ale appcali. The three evenls, the 
racceiaet of the Maccabees, ihe de- 
Uraeiiou of Jeriualem, and the cnn- 
flicttwhich the Jewi may have lo lui- 
laLo upon iheit rcalorailon lo their 
MK>eh<ghlyrataniedciiy,aj also the tic- 
torioua rcaiill at ihcm, and their cnn- 
Hnioa at thai lime, are fomeliniea ab- 
mptly placed in juxta-poiition, and 
tapreweil id lettn* of Pindaric foice 
tad bterily i to that it requires much 
Uicnlwi lo deiacti ihem, and discover 
Ihc great richiien ibtj derive from the 
Morinriaon, or coiiirut observable iti 
llria arTingcitieiit, 

The clear undertunding of these 
ptdiclioiit becojnei excecilingly iiue- 
IStiDg in the present motr 
iMlaierely at a mailer ofi 
n an induccmenl lo 


Od either ooofioe Htmtth, Jml where Syria 
Tnucheth the district nf eolighteDad SIdoB, 
(Sidon, informed, in all but heaveoly wia- 
Anm.) [Tjre, 

Htmath ihalt fan. Thou further diituit 
TrEmblF 1— for Ihoneh thy bulwarkt they 

be tlrong, 
Yei not impregntble, — thy gold tad lilier 
Be plentiful, lad acirceljr moia regarded 
TliiD thy ■lieet iwcepiugi, wliii ihtll then 
avail xhtti [Lord'i hand, 

Hutl'd frum their heigbu thy tow'n by iha 
Shall r"!! inlli the tea, ihy Inier buiMingi 
Dfvour'd by fire ihtll bl.u tod ditappetr. 
Hiiw ihuddFri Aikelon, hrn* Gaia mauroa, 
Ekron tliuhed, oinlent In lay tilde 
Her high preteoiiuo., Gait Itmenu her 

But Dene rcmiin In AjlieloD to »eep. 
Oae of ttrange ncs heneerorth tfiti 

in Aihdnd : 
There filli PhiVittia't prii 
Of humiu itcritice '—I'll tear aivty 
The hateful mnnel from yoDr teeth and llpt | 
And if a few be ipaled, ihry ihill acknaw* 

The mighty Oodi iheie Judah ihttl eiteem 
At lier uwn citiiaot, advance to honoun 
In Sine ur afar,— in ftienitly unlnn 
Slitll treat them at the Jcbu.lte of old, 
Who di>«lt where Slon nd ber temple lund : 
And aa the tideof wtrroih nn lo<rard Egypt, 
Or ebbing liringt the eo 


urioiily, bol Unlock' 

Yours, &c. 

Of Boeeli thill aocamp around hit lempla j 
And Macedon't viotoriout king until ihow 
Unlook'd-for fiiiour. Hence tliall upprit. 

With pilyinK eye 
Yet, daughter 

» i regard my peoph 


Inirunve Clergymen, and Episcopal Inierferenee. [Feb. 

accounts relating to a seDtleaiaii ** of 
high clerical accoinplishments," may 
possibly have been intended as a de- 
scription of what lately occurred in 
the West of England, though it does 
not perfectly agree with all the facts. 

The case was this. At the request 
of several churchmen and dissenters, 
the respectable Curate of a market- 
town aiieiided a meeting in an adja- 
cent parish, to endeavour to form m 
Bible Association. This parish, thoueh 
inhabited by many very respectable 
farmers, was peculiarly destitute of 
the Scriptures among the poor. It 
had scarcely a benevolent society with« 
in its limits, and happened at that time 
to he undergoing a change of Minit- 
tcrs. The new Curate nad just ar- 
rived ; he had been informed of the 
proposed meeting, and invited to pre- 
side ; and had expressed himself ob* 
liged for the invitation, but declined 
being present, merelv on the plea of 
urgent business. He found time, 
however, to come with a gentleman 
farmer, and interrupted the meeting, 
promised that the poor shonid have 
Bibles gratis, and did as much as he 
could to prevent the establishment of 
the Association. To this day five Bi- 
bles have not been distributed. The 
Dioce5an is known to be unfavourable 
to the Bible Society, and compbint 
was quickly dispatched to him (it it 
not said by whom) of this intmsioo. 
The consequence was, a strong hint to 
the intruder from the learned Bishop, 
of the impropriety of such an interfer- 

In the same town, a great wrestling 
match had been projected to take place 
that very week, and large rewards were 
offered to the victors. The same re- 
spectable Curate, prompted by a sense 
of duty, exerted himself also on that 
occasion. His discourses were emi- 
nently calculated to discourage a spec- 
tacle so unworthy of a Christian land 
and a civilized age ; and he had a rem- 
sonable hope that few of his hearers 
would attend. But what was the re- 
sult? The wrestling took place, a vast 
deal of drunkenness and profligacy en- 
sued ; bad characters came purposely 
from a neighbouring sea-port ; and the 
scene was — not indeed honoured, bnt 
—disgraced by the presence and coun- 
tenance of a Clergyman from an ad- 
joining parish, and many of his peo- 
ple. No remonstrance from the Dio- 
ccsan followed iki$ intrusion; proba* 


Id pomp thall pass thy walls, and eoter ia. 
Shoot, shoat alood, Zion, bahc^, he eomes ! 
Jnat, and the tiniMr's jostifiar, lowly, 
Buroe on an ass's foal, to thee He brings 
Salvation, and to all who own His sway. 
Jerusalem khall war no more, nor Ephraim 
Direct the horse, the clisriot, or tne bow. 
Messiali's voice shall hush the world to 

peace, [nion 

Compose the heathen, and his vast domi- 
Shall from Euphrates reach earth's distant 

bounds ; ^sea. 

Truth, peace, and bliss, prevail from sea to 
And as for thee, whose sons are prisoners. 
Deep in the pit of sin, to whose parch'd lips 
The current of life's waters is denied, 
I call them forth. His blood has ransomed 

them I 
With ^is red dye He sealed your covenant. 
Ah ! turn ye, turn ye, prisoners, in hope 
And strong assurance, to that safe defence 
By Him erected. — Yea! have ye suffered 

deeply ? 
With double blessings Til requite your pains. 
But tho' that time be fiutant, even now 
Shall Judah fill the bow of Ephraim, 
As a wtng*d arrow drawn unto the head ; 
Thy aoos a mighty sword shall with keen 

Fall on the ranks of Macedon, while flashing 
As lightning from above, the Lfird's swin 

Shall hasten their discomfiture, the blast 
Of trumpet, and the southern whirlwind's 

roar [own. 

Shall mark His, presence, and protect His 
By the Lord's help 'twas thus the strip- 
ling David [vails, 
Laid low his mightier foe. Their shout pre- 
The shout of heroes drunk with victorv ; 
For gore, not wine, shall fill their bowlsy 

their foes 
As victims heap'd upon the altar lie. 
Thus shall He save His flock. Thus shall 

they shine 
As Jewels in a crown ; their radiant light 
From distant lands shall draw them prose- 
Jehovali, good as great. His bounty sheds 
On those he favours ; rich with com and 

He blesses them. The lusty harvest man. 
And vintage maid, who cull what He bestows. 
With sparkling countenance bespeak His 

gifb, [praise. 

With joyous hearts and tengues resound his 

Mr. Urban, Feb. 13. 

A RECENT number of the Gen- 
tleman*s Magazine (Nov. p. 400) 
contains a statement of two or three 
instances, in which parochial Minis- 
ters are represented to have been in- 
convenienced by the intrusion of other 
Clergymen into their parishes on be- 
half of the Bible Society. One of these 


PietUTt of a contdenlun 
dutf 10 ati ilic 

faiith Print. 



bly na one thought 
ytn vl»a infofmci. 

Now kt ihew iwo ea»n be prrarnt- 
n) logrlhtrr lo the rcadtti o( the Gcil- 
ilcmati*! Msgiiine, ninniii; whnin, il 
sppcsn, are a large number nr ilic 
C-'ler^ j and let Ihem lake a fair and 
unprtjudlcctl •ritw of llic Diiruiiil cun- 
irijiieiicM of each. In the one catr, it 
a [japuloua pitiih, Tcr; ill lupitlicit 
with ihe Holy Scripliiret, nilhoul any 
tflicieiil tfhtU being iiiBJe to prntide 
ihein ; uid aDeiahbourlti^ Clergyman, 
•i<K> Icndi hi* Jitinicreiinl asiiaiance, 
Dnder ueculiar circuoiManeea, in etia- 
blith the cneani of lupply, is denounc- 
ed a* an unpardonable iniruder. Pcr- 
•om writ adeclrd lowardi tlie Cliurch 
of England are leandatiEed with the 
alleinpt lo Truitralc such an objccl 
and mth the want of candour dispL 
rf— In the olhrf ■ 

Mirtiater doing hi< 
(he loTTcnl of immaraliiy among hia 
turiihionen ; but the flood-gatea are 
Droben tluwo by an union of proQi- 
line and ORthinking persoiii, coutiie' 
nanced by a paiinr, whoie decided 
duty it il to exliorl against "drunken' 
ana, retelling, and such like." Thii 
i» infmiion, with ■ wiincis ; Who can 
■■Old applyinit the words of the author 
of ih« T«t 1— 

" Traa wicb ■pHltn. oh. ya mitred heada, 
frenrii the Cliurch ! anJ lay not careleii 

Oa iliatli that eaonac teacb, aod •111 not 


Fnoi the rcault in both inslnnco, 

the eiuae of diuent inrvitably receive* 

addiiiomi confidence and iireneih ; 

....:..;„ :.:,_: :_:._ ci ■ ■ 

Knglaod, who adopt *ucli i 
praccedingi are auuredly, whatever 
ituy itwinKlx* may think, amongst 
bfT nuMt formidable eocniiet, " ihe 
Ibt oiiliin her walli." 

Fauneta and impirtialiiy will doubl- 
iai ptocufe the insenion o( ihii in the 
nut numbet of the Genlteman'i Ma- 
jMine. »nd pretent the necenity of 
ui twing iniiuduced lo public notice 
ihnM^h «iMMhct channel. A. 

Mr. Ubsax, 

HAVING pifiieipmed io the en- 
jOTinenl of lome of ilmie festi- 
•<UN which gladden the locial seajon 
*f Cbiatoia*, in a eonniry village re- 
t the great Mclropolii, and 
* 'e panOMgc of a long- 

valufd Triend, I hojie it may be excat- 
alile, and not allogeiher unuieful, if I 
endeavour to spread, through (he me- 

widely circulating Maga- 
1 of tiicsaiiiriciioii which 


rical in^i 

e of cleiical lalenu and cle- 
ice 1 experienced from the 

of (he aacred ofhce 
by a man nf great wot(h and learning, 
whoaeloc hag placed him in retirement, 
but whole example ahould be (he ub- 
jecl of general imi(a(ion amongtt hi* 
mori' affluent and more fortunate bre- 
thren. The amiable divine who, after 
Iheceuation of intercourse of balf a 
century, hug been accidenially (or might 
I aay proTidenliallyJ brought wiibin raj 
view, hag been a constant reaidenl dur- 
ing the greaier portion of ibai period 
of time amongal (he woods and wilda 
of 3 dis(rict bu( little frcautoted by the 
traveller, and aurrouuded by a popula- 
tion perhaps aa rude and unretined aa 
any of equal estent in this improving 
country. My intention ia not (o write 
a panegyric on hi> character, bat lo 
deacribe what I aaw and heard ; and 
10 leave the unvarnished nnrmlive to 
produce its own cffcci without any de- 
tire to captivate by the glare of miire- 
preaenlation, or (he oslenlaliout dia- 
play of virtue*, whose mild radiance 
would be sullied by such an attempt. 

Firit. then, for what I lan ; which 
lo me indeed teemed almost equally 
unusual and gratifying, — I aaw, Mr, 
Urban, a neat, orderly, attentive con- 
gregation atseinbled in the pariah 
church, at the regular and acmalomed 
times of Divine Service on Sundays ; 
and several (certainly not many) de- 
ierly and a(- 
persnns as regularly congre- 
KKed in the aame place on each of ihe 
Wednesdays and Fridays during ray 
visit there i as also on an inlerntediale 
red letter day, which il is thecuatom 
of (his aame pastor (who perhaps may 
he called eccentric aa well as unfa- 
ihionible) (o observe wiih the same 
reaubrily as he found it to have been. 

when he entered 

1 aaw ihia same old-fashioned p 
diligently alteniivc to (he du(y ofvitii- 
ing two or three aick persona whose 
condition required his pcnonal B(ien> 
tion al their reipeclive habilatiant,— 
taw him equally attentive to the due 
su peri o tendance of a amall charity 
school in hia village, upon which hai 
been grafted ■ buudaj kViooV ot nm- 


Picture of a con»r.ientum$ Parish PrmU 


dcrn establishroeiily and for thr accom- 
modation of which shaving refused 
that his chancel shoold be converted 
into a school room, as he likewise oh- 
jects to permit the use of his church 
for any but ecclesiastical purposes,) his 
assistance has mainly contributed to 
supply an appropriate building. I saw 
the distribution of unostentatious cha« 
ritica, and the interposition of mild 
persuasive ad rice, to reconcile conflict- 
ing opinions, and promote harmony 
•iM good neighboornood. I saw, too, 
all ranks, ages, and degrees of people 
in the village which I am describing, 
concurrent in their expressions of 
good will towards their minister; 
thoagh entertaining eztrcmelv oppo- 
site opinions with regard to his rigid 
adherence to old customs and old fa- 
ahioned habits, his opposition to mo- 
dern alterations, dislike of dress a- 
laongtt the lower classes, and severity 
(as it was called by some) towards 
those enstoms which the neighbour* 
inp clergy permitted or connived at 
witboat censure. Without descending 
to more minute particulars of what X 
sew, I will proceed to what I heard. 
And as I have related with fidelity 
what I ttw, I will mention nothing 
that I heard without a voucher for its 
truth. I heard that after several on- 
suooessful efforts to establish conven- 
ticles, and set up dissenting consrega- 
tions in this parish, not one had been 
successful. Not through the opposi- 
tion of authoritative influence, or the 
manifestation of a persecuting spirit ; 
but by the fair and effectual preventive 
of there being no room nor occasion 
for any such addition to the ministerial 
function, where at all the stated times 
which orthodoxy permits* but at no 
other than when sanctioned by such 
authority, the Liturgy, Sacraments, 
and ordinances of the Church, as by 
law established, were constantly, dili- 
gently, and ably performed and cele- 
brated, without evasion, reluctance, or 
deviation, and by the minister law- 
fully appointed thereto. No corpse 
had been left unburied, or inconve- 
nient time assigned for the perform- 
ance of that solemn but certainly la- 
borious part of the Clergyman's duty. 
No child left unbaptised because the 
mioiater was absent from home ; and 
at a due degree of attention was paid * 
to the spiritual comforts of the people, 
to their temporal wants were not neg- 
ledcdf and the zeal of the sectaiian 

found no room for the intrusion of his 
crude theology, nor opportunity of ia- 
gratiating himself by declaiming against 
the sloth, neRligeoce, pride, or aelfitb- 
ness of the Church MinUier. 

«< What shall we do. Sir,*' aaid a 
grey-headed old farmer, living upon 
his own effUte in the parish, "with 
the travelling preacher that is come to 
preach under the tree?" (in the middle 
of the village). " Ask him to go home 
with you, and give him some bread 
and cheese for his trouble; if I were to 
hear him I should ;" waa the reply of 
this eccentric divine; — and so, after 
two or three haranguea under ike tree^ 
the itinerant took his leave, and \th 
the villagers to go to church, as their 
fathers had done, and as they ooDiione 
to do, wilhoui a iiugle meihodiei er 
diitenier amougsi tSem I Noc that 
the parson at aU shapes hit diacoonea 
to tlie accommodating topica which 
perhaps may be auppmed^ to bm had 
aome influence in rendering him po- 
pular. By no means. He dependa not 
upon the will and pleasure of hit hear- 
ers as the lecturer or the sectarian dMs, 
for the opportunity and the right which 
he possesses ; he exercises it with dis- 
cretion, but with independent sinceritv, 
as a true son of the Church. Rank, 
station, age, sex, all equally his hear- 
ers, are equally the objects of his re- 
gard in his discourses : and that I may 
not trespass too long, I will beg leave 
to give an instance of it, by addino, 
that in two of his sermons which I 
happened to hear, the discussion waa 
in the first from a verse in Hosea, " Ye 
have ploughed wickedness, ye have 
reaped iniquity, ye have eaten tne fruit 
of lies, because thou didst trust in thj 
way'* (ch. x. 13); and in the second, 
from its accompaniment, " Sow to 
yourselves in righteousness, reap in 
mercy, break up your fallow ground ; 
for it is time to seek the Lord, till he 
come and rain righteousness upon 
you." (ch. X. 1«.) Now, Mr. Urban, 
the effect of this sort of preaching and 
living being exemplified as I have de- 
scribed, I cannot help thinking that 
as similar effects are usually found to 
be produced by similar causes, there 
would be much less pride and covet- 
ousness, and ill neighbourhood and 
idleness, and qnarrelling and disho- 
nesty, and infinitely less cant and fa- 
naticism and hypocrisy amongst the 
people of Enalaud, if such examples 
as tnat which I have cited were moire 


Won. and fltv. G. Spencef.r—Cartl'mal H'tld. 

eofnuNin mmngil ui ; imii if there wcr 
fewer plimliilt »nd nnn-rwidenu, iin 
fox-htjm>n«, thooiing.gamtillng.djni 
ii^, cleciioaeenng, toA jutiiru-huni 
lOR Clergj, than are freqiieinlj lo h 
■no wilh, Frrz-DiSACOJi. 

Mr. Ubvak, Feb. IB. 

ACCORDING to an Bccoinn pub- 
Inhel trexcTilay in ihe ^Ifornin^ 
HtToSd sncl ulhrr papcn, llie Hoti. ind over 
Ret, George S|jencer, ymingesi son of I h; 
Etrl Spencer, imblicly renounced (he ner i 
pfhiciples ofthe Cromianl Chureh of 
EngUnit, in ihe Caiholic Chanel at 
L(tce»ei on Saturday lait, and ciri- 
bi>e«l the (eneti of the Ciilholic reli- 
gion, into whoK wrTtce it ii said he ii 
to be received at a priest. The con- 
irnioD «f so amiable and illuilnoua a 
nobleman in these eeenirul days, is in 
idclf not a titite remarkable ; but what 
redden it more so is, ihal by the 
change be will hare lo forego a eery 
large "lid lucraliie church prefermenl, 
amounting lo near three thouiaiid a 
jrar. Thi* f»ei, whatever may be 
ilioosht of Ihe change ilself, is highly 

Castle, who was last mnnlh created 
Cardinal at Rome by hit Holineu, is 
the first t^nglishnian wlw has held 
that elevDlfd noti since the days of 
Charles I.* Ibii gentleman also has 
foregone the enjoyrtieol of a large for. 
tune, in nrder lo beoume Prelaie of ihe 
Catholic Chureh, and a more amiable 


I ihei 

I hai 

la^e pot 1 1 

which the Catholic Chuich t! 
Iie»inninj! again to (we Tail ; bui s^i. 
out any of that imolnanct which ii 
said formerly lo have bclnnged lo jl 
I am Borry to say ihal Deism it atsi 
paining ground among many superfi- 
cial young men at ihc German Uni 

few years 
of Eorope, ami 


erediLabte W the honesiy of him who 

hu made so sreal a pecuttiary sacrifice each other by 

.wo r.ict 

mind of what is snid by the suihor of 
an old tract catlol " Body, Life, and 
Mind," published inany years ngo, 
«iv "That ihe»c were but livo things 
in religion. Deism and apoaiolical 
Cbrislianity, and that a man might 
juit take hia choycc between ihem." 
Absurd as this tenience is, I fear 
piety and infidelily often prtxluc 

^ This 

Be this 
doiibl, if we look ai the number of 
new Churches and Chapels, thai at 
present religion is gaining a great 
march on scepticism, as men are now 
beginning lo see thai Chrislianiiy is 
as necessary for happiness hrrc sa ii is 
hereafler; it may be fairly presumed 
that the crimes of atlieisiical revolu- 
have been amply nioned for, and 

for the sakeof hi< 

ihe setenlh or eighth person of conse- 
quence, who hatlieen cooierted wilh- 
in as many years; among the nnmbcr 
mnr be reckooed several seholira from 

If sre credit ihe papers, conveision 
i* lotng on al a greai rate in some 
conatriei, in Germiny, for instance, 

and in Poland. The leller published 

in ihe CliToniele by the Rev. Mortis that the fjilh of ilie Ci 
Janet of Perobtidge is certainly not length extend itself oi 
ealculaied lo dissuade men from the 
change from Prolesiant to Catholic 
rcIigioD. And indeed ihere is a some- 
thing In Ihe lenor of the times, and in 
the course thai religions politics have 
taken, thai looks very much at if Ca- 
Ihatkiini would again increase ; while 
Ihe litieral tenlimenls cnlerlained by 
til modern Caiholics, an<l the cua- 
blithmenl of the urcJt principle of 
civil and religious liberly. by ihe liile 
eiMCIBwnis, will giiuranire 'he public 
a|t>iui ihc biantlcd encfOJClimrni of 
•ny rrliginut iTieiion whatever, while 
dniity and prufine miin'fieence to. 

«a(di the pour nud needy will spring, „ 

M bereiofnir, out of the prevalence of h(, aUtren il« ■'I'toMge 
■etwioil* feeling*, and society will be from English serf IVoImUi 
bn>t«<crf. iliasl E"'"''". •'" • P*"«>ark»l.leihallheH'eht Rev. th.Tl. 

Dr. WrW, Ibe owner of l^ulworlb Kelli-'i 

:llon of party 


vill : 

and nnbic edifice of St. M»7 Overy's, 
now St. Saviour's Church, Sanlhwark, 
is aboui lo be partially destroyed, 
ihrousli 'he sapience and economy of 
DO iifficiiil knnl of worthy burgher!, 
who. though iliey msy be very encel. 

• W« knnir not w)., uur CormpanJeDt 

„^i.. >,. ..^ntioa Ihe CirdlDol i>r Y'irk, iha 

who, thmish sfiirelgDBf 

lac beforgrrtci-n, fband in 

lul uf the Sti 
ki. A'.ttn 



nreatened Desiruciion of Si. Mary Overy^s Ckptreh. [Feb. 

lent and prudent judges of matters of 
bosioess oehind their counters (I speak 
it with no disrespect for commercial 

Sursnits), are certainly totally disquali- 
ed from their habits and occupations 
to direct repairs or alterations in our 
public edifices. I will consider (by an 
extension of charity) that these volun- 
tary desecrators of our fine old Gothic 
fanes are actuated by no puritanical 
hostility, arising from the assumed su- 
perior illumination of dissent against 
our national Church, although, alas ! 
constituted as parish authorities now 
frequently are, such a feeling, either 
openly or insidiously, may acquire in- 
fluence and prevail. 1 will consider 
them combined merely in a committee 
of economy, and that their inleniion is 
but summarily to get rid of such parts 
of the venerable edifice, as it would 
require a considerable sum to repair. 
But will it be believed or endured, 
that in an age in which the architec- 
tural improvement of the British Me- 
tropolis IS so much sought and pursued 
at a lavish expenditure, that this noble 
and now almost solitary remnant of 
ancient ecclesiastical architecture with- 
in the limits of the City of London, 
should be swept from tne surface of 
the earth or disfigured, on the paltry 
plea of pecuniary expediency ? Is it of 
no importance to the effect of the mag- 
nificent Bridge which is now in the 
course of rapid completion across the 
Thames, that its southern approach 
should be seen in combination with 
so splendid a monument of the piety 
of our forefathers ? 

When the destruction of the Hall 
of Eltham Palace was meditated, some 
members of the British Senate thought 
proper to raise a strong and effectual 
protest in its favour; and will they 
suffer St. Saviour's Church, South- 
wark, to fall, or be mutilated, tvithout 
a single word for its protection ? I do 
not believe it ; it is only because these 
things are, in the first place, meditated 
to secretly, and consummated so sud- 
denly, that they are effected without 
the interference of the members of the 
legislative and executive Government. 
I call upon them not silently to suffer 
this ancient and striking feature of our 
national architecture to be disfigured 
or destroyed. I call upon the S(x:iety 
of Antiquaries of London, as a body, 
once more to exert whatever influence 
they may possess, to arrest such a mea- 
sure. Be the parish of St. Saviour's 
really too poor to undertake the resto- 

ration of the building, surely a few 
thousands (whatever the state of pub- 
lic finance) would be cheerfully con- 
ceded by the City of London, or Par- 
liamenty for so reasonable an object. 
Let the building be repaired as nearly 
as possible on the principles of the ori- 
ginal construction of its existing parts. 
A successful specimen of such an at- 
tempt is exhibited at the east end of 
the Church, although I think it was 
somewhat dearly bought by the de- 
struction of the ancient Chapel conti- 
guous, and the monuments which it 

The space cleared for the approaches 
to the new London Bridge most fortu- 
nately will throw the old Church com- 
pletely open to view ; the houses which 
surround it are for the greater part of 
an old and valueless description, and 
nothing could be easier to effect than 
a commodious square of handsome 
buildings surrounding the Church, 
which would be eagerly occupied by 
commercial men for their town resi- 
dences. Let those whose inierests it 
may concern look well to this; and 
let all who love the history and an- 
cient monuments of their native land, 
unite in any way which may lie within 
their power to forward the object of 
this appeal. 

For myself, Mr. Urban, I am an 
old friend and acquaintance of this 
conventual pile; even in my boyish 
days I loitered in her long-drawn aisles, 
contemplated her embowered roof, lis- 
tened to the swell of the oigan, and 
the chaunt of infant praise, surveyed 
the martial traits of the mailed tem- 
plar, her benefactor, or paused at the 
tomb of thexhaplet-crowned old Eng- 
lish minstrel Gower. I shall still watch 
her fate, and if she must fall, or be 
dishonoured by the apirit of Vandal- 
ism, I shall do my best to ring her 
knell, without respect of persous, in 
the ears of those who are the authors 
of the violence. 


P. S. Since writing the above, I 
hnve learnt that the transepts of the 
Church which have been so long in a 
ruinous and disgraceful state, are to be 
repaired, and that the principal feature 
of the proposed mutilation is tg be the 
lowering of the present roof, a design 
which will much injure the effect of 
the building, and at variance with the 
hi^h'poiuted style of Gothic in which 
it IS constructed. 

• • • 


• •• 


too Diiireuet of the Manufacturing and Labouring Chsies. [F«b* 

M. I Too A*, Summerlands, Exeier, 
r. URBAN, p^j^ 2 

AN Antiquarian Magazine, of such 
long and e&tablish^ repute as the 
Gentleman's, records whatever may be 
of general interest and utility to future 
generations. Nothing, within the whole 
scope of the uncertain science of po- 
litical economy* has created so deep a 
sensation in me public mind, as the 
suflferings and distress so prevalent 
among manufacturers and the labour* 
ing classes uf the |)eople. Ascribed to 
a multiplicity of causes, this dreadful 
visitation of Providence, apparently, is 
traced to none distinctly, while it is 
more than probable that all of them, 
operating variously, contribute to pro- 
duce the melancnuly efTect so much 
felt and lamented. At a recent Counlj^ 
Meeting, a Noble Lord attributes agri* 
cultural distress (it is thcnght truly) to 
not having lowered rents at the peace. 
Manufactures yielded the prodigious 
profits seen during the war, because 
the competition, if any, was feeble 
and unavailing. It is now far other- 
wise, as our own nnchiiiery is erected 
and in activity against ui all over 
Europe and America; and inferior as 
the produce has co:iip»raiivelv been, it 
has approximated to an equality which 
has lowered the value of and demand 
for British manufactures. Buonn|nrte, 
that eminent destroyer of the iiumnii 
race, and whose inordinate auibitioii 
occasioned four hundred millions of 
the national debt, endeavoured in the 
Netherlands to rival the manufactures 
of this country, and siiinally failed. 
The consequence was a distress among 
operatives, similar to what is now un- 
fortunately experienced here. That 
eounlry abounding in moors of an im- 
provable substratum, the government 
judiciously resolved to employ the 
starting and distrc:»sed manufacturers 
and labourers in cultivating these snare 
and unproductive laiids, by spade, noe, 
and maitock-hubbandry, under the in- 
struction and guidance of competent 
persons. Sufficient habitations were 
erected, and government sustained all 
expenses, till a successful course of 
systematic labour and industry rendered 
such assistance unnecessarjr. The bar- 
ren ground thus brought into cultiva- 
tion is now among the most fertile in 
the Netherlands I while former dis- 
tress has disappeared, with a great in- 
crease of that national wealth and 
proaperity, which, through manufac- 

tures and commerce, are intimately 
connected with successful agricultuie. 
Emigration has frequently been pro- 
posed as an efficient means of providing 
for manufacturers and labourers unem- 
ployed. When such proceed to BriiisU 
colonies, the publie welfare is bene- 
fited; but otherwise, they strengthen 
foreign nations to the injury ot the 
mother country, in the present case 
of almostseneral distress, funds cannot 
be found for the removal of a sufficient 
number for rendering adequate relief. 
Besides, when population is diminisheJ 
by this expedient, the chasm it sooa 
filled up, and suffering rises rapidly to 
iu original level. A permanent re* 
medy, of constant application, it want- 
ing; and, fortunately, it It obvious, 
efficient, and of easy application. The 
waste lands amount, at the lowest 
estimation, to five-and-twenty millions 
of acres, to which may be added about 
six millions of rocadow-hnd. Without 
loss of time, proper farm-houses ought 
to be constructed on the waste lands 
most contiguous to the parts of the 
kingdom where pauperism and want 
of labour appear to be most prevalenL 
Under the management and superin* 
tendance of |)ersons skilled in agricul- 
ture, the able-bodied objects now re* 
ceiving poor-rates should be located on 
the prepared sites, with all requlsitca 
provided for setiins them to workt in 
the cultivation of their resiiective allot- 
ments, by means of tpaae-hMMhandnf. 
The females, furnished in the first in- 
stance with the raw materials, will, 
ere long, furnish articles of clothing 
for their families. Thus, in a short 
time, these establishments will main- 
tain themselves, provide for the tenantp 
and yield a rent. Where is the ex* 
pense of carrying into effect so very 
eligible a plan to come from? ]i is 
manifest that a fair portion of ihe poor- 
rate cannot be more advantageously 
employed. The sale of the waste landis 
has been frequently proposed, for dif- 
ferent useful purposes. To defray the 
first expense of the important and in- 
dispensable plan, imperfectly sketched* 
here are the ready means, as these 
lands would be purchased with monej 
that cannot now be employed. It ts 
quite unnecessary to point out how 
highly the national interests would be 
proiiioied by the sale and cultivation of 
at leaiii a due proportion of ground 
now comparatively useless. Theclercy 
have the same title to tithes that the 

ProgTtu and Decline nf H'ttckcra/l. 

Iling efliracj as an anlidole 


Il appram, hj the '■ Annual RigriKr' 


IndlMrf hu la teni. The bni iiiie- 
tT*ii nf Cliriiiianitj' dcinanil ihat ih« 
ctcrxTRian iiid iFrijinl ahouM not br 
bfnught in ciiniam on ihe siihjfci nf 
litlici; and thcfcfore, in ilie proposed 
ulr, the puirhascr niuil be bound id 
paflhil rrquisile lax, lo lie nccsiinnally 
mod'iRed by the average price nr coin, 
throoghoul every seven jtari, u eqoi- 
Utile to bnlh [uirlirs. 

Si gaid noviili rreliut iilii, eaadidut 
XBprrli—Si noB, il miHt he dIIohciI 
that what ap|>r3ra lo be readily pmc- murder of ihcBC 
ucable, and indispensublj neceuary, ordered them 
Mint be eligible. 

■d at 

pNina, in IJindoaUn. 

sorcery, ptid being found gull.,, 

put lo dcilh. The GoTernor-GeiietBlj 
on being inrnrniedoriheerrcumilance, 
orderisl all ihe principal persona who 
composed ihe trihuiiah, in be apnre- 
hciiJed and Briaianed before the Cir< 

ill gnduftl Hok 
■' Swil." 

Stu) uil the SDreertB. Hi 
Glu'd m liin i und big eje 
Bcaeatb her Marching." 

(Cmtludfd /nm p. 39.) 

AT the Tflunion Aisiies. 1811, 
Belly Tuwniend, aged 77, cunsi- 
imi by iheiupersiilioiis at a wiich. wa> 
Irint Tor ublBining money froma chiM 
toitt the follotviiig ciiciimstttncts. 
The prosecuinr Jacob Poiite, a labour' 
JD^man, haii been io the habit of lend- 
ii^ hii daughter, aged ihirteen, nitli 
■^e* in a baiket to market. On 
Jan. S4, the old woman mei with <hi 

:barge» of the 
nen; and theCoort 
suffer death. It ap- 
. ihai this custom had 
« MACDON.ti.t>. been preserved lime iuimeinorial. Se- 

veral oFibe wiineiaet referred lo nu- 
iiiernus instances of penons having 
:live of been putio death by the Brahmin) for 
'- sorcery; and one of ihrni, in psrii- 

inedboth, cnlar, prnrcd ibat his own mother hail 
iilllragua been tried and executed as a witch. 
The Governor iherrrore pardoned the 
officers ; but, lo prevent the recurrence 
dlsgracpful to hu- 

le Torn 


ibonal for the i 

charged iviib wiichcrBft, or aiding or 

eiienoMging in any act lo deprive 

lucli jifrinni nf life, shall Ire dcemeil 
guilty of murder, and suffer the penally 
alinched lo thil offence. 

On the I lib April, 1827, al the 
Mnitmouth Assizes. Willlan, Watkins, 
niid three others, were indicted i 

(irl, and ashed to see what she bad got found guilty of an assault upon Mary 
in h«T bwkel, which bavingexamined, Nicolas, a decrepit old i - 

. _ . her, " Halt got any r 
inf" The child said she had no 
'Thru get Kime for me," said ihe 

"ai)d brinft it to me althc The old woman de|>o}ed to the pri- 

wDmiii, "and brinic it to me al the 
Qtile dmr, or I will kill iliee." The 
tbild lerriAeJ to an cxirrme it such i: 
ihreal froinn niich, procured iwoihil- 
litut, and Mrrird it io her, when 

wards or ninety, ivhich thev had c 
niiltrd under a belief, nrevalent in 
leiglihourliond, thnt she « 

and others huving seized her, 

and beiieo her with thorns and brian, 

fnr the purpose of, as in days of yore, 

drawing blood i and ihry also DlleinpU 

ss'd, "Til a good thing ed lo force her intoa pool, for the pur- 

---'-' - " ' (loie of trying the efficacy of the water 


thc« die by inches." She prai 

liipdihl* upon the child leverjl limes, nwiinesip 

-Quinine in all 3l. 6i. id. This was taken ilie old 


ulcDglfr disclosed by the child to her three euiile had died, and charged her 

BMthrr, wIk) accused the 

14100 ilu iwoie that if any om 

aeeaM her, the would make the 

by iitchet. "No," said Mrs, Pooli 

■ho catMtdcred ibii she knew moi 

■bwi wilchn than her daughter, " tli: 

Ibccihall noti I'll hinder that;" and, 

■b three diflercnl jilacu, to draw I 
t'oo'i * process helietfil lu bejif u 

with being ibe authnt of their death ; 
dared and then, taking her In a stable where 
HI die ihere was B Coll, itiflde her repeat se- 
veral times, "God bless ihe colt!'' 
They afterwards stripped her naked, 
and lesrched her, in order to lind her 
hich they declared ihcy had 
npon ibeir discf— ■'"■• * ■■■— 
upon her bead. 
I, in all probability, « vVie \«,Vw\. 
irlolK: niel*vH\H)(H.tN%V\Avtw- 


Chwreh of Souih Af tmi» M'tddkftt. 


from Nonray muI L*pbiid, fron the Euft 
and Weti lodiet, but from every perticaUur 
nettoo io Europe* I cannot fnrbear thinking 
that there it tuch en intercourse end com- 
merce with evil Spirits es that which we 
express by the name of Witchcraft. But 
#nen I consider that the ignorant and cre- 
dulous parts of the world abound most in 
these refationa, and that the persons amongst 
ue who are supposed to engage in such an 
infernal commerce^ are people of a weak 
understanding and crazed imagination, and 
at the same time reflect upon the many iro- 
poetuies and delusions of this nature that 
nave been detected, in all ages* I endeavour 
to au^iend my belief till I hear more certain 
accounta than any which have yet come to 
my knowledge. In short, when 1 consider 
the question — whether there are such per- 
sona in the world as those we call witcnes, 
my mUid U divided Iietween the two opposite 
opinioua ; or rather, to speak my thoughts 
fraely, I believe in several that there is, and 
has been, such a thing as witchcraft { but, 
at the same time, can give no credit to any 
partieular modern instance of it." 

Yours, &c. I. P. 

Mr. Urbak, Barnei, Dec. 14. 

HAVING passed my schoolboy- 
days at South Mims, and being 
here on a short visit, I made a pilgrim- 
age to the old Church there, endeared 
to me by many recollections. The 
tower ancf body of it were built not later 
probably than the reign of Henry II. 
The chancel, and a part now inclosed 
by a screen (the latter apparently about 
Henry VI.'s time), were evidently built 
at a different period. The whole of 
this part of the structure is lower, both 
the roof and range of windows*. 

South Mims Church has been very 
rich in stained glass, as appears by the 
following entry, made A. U. l621, in 
the Register. This volume, which is 
of vellum, commences in 1658, and 
reaches to 1703, and is in fuie preser- 

"An'oDVi, 1681. 

** A sete of ceruune windowes in the 
Charch of South Mims, uken out in the 
year above written, at whose cost they were 
made and in what yeare, as doth plainely 
apeare in the windows by the date of the 

** The firste greate window on the north 
side abutting westward, was made by Richard 
Walter and John fioman, in the year 1 526. 

** The next window was made by the 
yonsg men and maydes of the same p'rish, 
m the year of o' Lord 1526. 

* A view of tills Church will be found in 
•Hit LXV.p. 34fi.^EDiT. 

** The next Io thai <Nia» tha north aide, 
made by Richard Hiialy in tha year 

<* Tha fourth window one tha nordi aide 
waa made by Tbomaa Franeeiay in the year 
of o' Lord 1596. 

« The fifih window one tha aorth side, 
towards the east, waa made by the good 
women of tha aame p'riih, in tha year of 
o^ Lord 1596. 

« One of the windowa, one the aouth side, 
was made by Edward Jones, eititao and 
muvhant taylor of London, in ihe year at 
o* Lord 1541. 

'* There is no mention made of the other 
of that side, neither of the weal end win- 
dowes, nor tlie west windowes ; who noada 
them, nor when they were made." 

Four of the windows exist, in dif- 
ferent degrees of preservation : enough 
remains to identify those of ihe May- 
dens, and Richard Walter's ; and one 
inscription is perfect : 

*< Thys Wendow made be the good nan, 
Thomas Francys, 1526." 

The windows remaining are all of 
the same design ; a priest on one side 
kneeling at a plain table, on which is 
a book, praying, and a congregation of 
men behind. On the other side, a 
lady abbess, similarly occupied and at- 
tended, but the table very gaily decked 
wiih hangings and drapery. 

South Mims is rich in monumental 
brasses. In front of the communion- 
table is a grave-stone, I presume about 
the time of Edward I. On it are four 
shields, each bearing a chevron be- 
tween three leopards heads, and in- 

<< Henri Frowyk gist icy, 
Dieu d* Salme eit ra'cy." 

This family was of great conse- 
quence heref,.as in the porch, under 
the tower, is another grave-stone for 
Thomas Frowyk, on which are the 
effigies of a knight (whose head lays on 
a helmet), and his lady. Beneath, six 
boys and twelve girls^. The brass, 
with the names and dates of their 
deaths, is lost, as also the shields with 
the arms; but another remains, with a 
very curious epitaph, in these hexame- 
ter lines, written, says Weever, by John 
Whethamsted, Abbot of St. Alban'a. 

<* Qui jacet hie stratus Thomas Frowyk 

i* An account of the Frowyk &mily may 
be seen in Lysons* '< Middlesex Pariahei, 
p. 998. — ^Edit. 

t Mr. Gough (il. 151) says, <' ihirlatn 
girls."— Edit. 

VlrnnerMia « 

Ckiircli anil Moil, 

fats at South Mimt, M'tddUifX. 


■» lolt'l genffuii plu»q'" fro- 

Autajj'ai (otucni' lenMieumq'" Unxnm 
ktultLim diUiic, Vulpct foKli ipiiliivit 
Ac uiu* csveu i titCTitcr (juecuimi" pro- 

Intalflrbbt dAApfu pfu po»a FugavFnt ips* : 
later »■ ctiun >i titji ccmerti unqii'n 
Aceandi ficolu, mnjluu citiDienl ipoi, 
Fcnnc cLpuaiDi i;u> Dunepacii tilii psuum ; 
Pti DciH et t«i|iiwm qua Krnfi" pcrmuicl. 

Thi* aingnlsr rpiiaph on a man il- 
luilrioiu in ttiid-iy. coniRiemamtct hi* 
loic of Itiwlitig, till hunting uf wiltl 
bea>l*. kii* drilling viiy wohet and 
lud^n, iiid otiier pc«U in his neigh- 
bourhoi-il. It alao comiiifnili hii aml- 
iblc quilitict II ■ inciliulur and peace* 
utaker. Tlie iiodiiion of ihe pluce is, 
that he killid a wild boar ihal iiirEWcd 
ibcM pan*. 

In I(x3l all (be brjisn on iliii 
jl;ravc-Mone wcte perfect, by which It 
appeared ib<it Tlioinaa Frowyk died 
A. O. l44Bi and that a chaniry was 
fnunded for ihc rcnnie of hii loul and 
lh*l of his wife Eliidbelh, which was 
aliriHUd in llie rcign orEliziibrih. 

In lh« chapel, tcrcened ofT, and now 
Krrin^ » llic vettry, is u luixib ino- 
nuinculof a kni^tli. In full and tplrn- 
dld armour, hii head miing on his 
belmcl, and hit feci on a lion, under 
a canopy lupported by four columns. 

ihJi. Edward'iv!' No^Wrfption ^! 
Titible at pr»cnl. Ii may be buried 
undei ihecoatiorwiillewtih, by which 
ihc loiub hai been btaulijitdi or have 
been oa brasi, that has been pluridered. 
In ftunl arc fuur ibjeldi, and on each 
ii« llie amis of Frowyk — a chewon 
bclwcen three leopards' Iicad*. On ibe 
firit and lourih thicldi, they liiipjile 
three choroiieUi oti the ihird, three 
birdt ; and on lite second quaitering, a 
croia voided, between eight ciost ciois- 

Wiibid th. 

M inicripiion, aupixined by foui 
latnni. which batbdniutly attempt lo 
iniuu Coriniliian capii.-ili, all the 
<nhrr work bein^ Golhic, probably 
towstdi the cunduaion of ihi: leigi) of 
Htnr; VIII. In rtuiitarc Tour qnatic- 
hi\t-.—\a the lint and fiiuith are tiie 
itaiicd tOMi of Yurh and Lunciiieri 
•a th* Kcond, a joienj^e atid a flouriili- 
•d 0^ and tn the third, m tf, which 

we may pieiume are the initial* of ihe 
pemnn rcitina ihire*. 

Opposite to ihii is a i.ililet-monu- 
oieni, recording the death and sn- 
CMtori or Tlionias Matih, Em, of 
Hackney, who died A,D. 1657. T" 
anil* are — a horse's head between tli... 
crosscB fiicti^j, impalin)! ihoie of hii 
wife, a daughter oF Jacob Horsey, of 
Hunninghini, Warwick»h ire — three 
horse's linds, bridled. 

Within the coanniunioii. rails are alio 
llieie inscriptions on brasses 1 

" Here Iwth the body of Hrnry E-er. at 
South Minu, in the enunty of Middi.GroE. 
•UD ofTlioBiM Ewer, of Sl.mlybi.ti.. TIib 
mI'I Heniy nwtrisd Juub, dui^hletoTRaci- 
M Mmnh, of !Iiiudai.,tail hul lHua by ber 
UDc >uD and three cUughlen. He dtparied 
thii Jlfe tlielOthdcy ofNuiembar, Iti4l." 

Arina— A wolf siataiit, sliuwinj! hit 
leclh i in chief, three crosin ; pat^eaei 
impaling a horse's head between three 
fleurs de lis. 

" Here lieth iiiterred the body of Supliis 
Hsniiuo, lee^nd d.ii^hler nfThorau Har- 
riiDD, of Suutb Miini, Esq. by Uiharine 
hii »;ri!, eldest daughter of Sir Thanui 
Bland, at Kippai Park, la the county of 
YurkiLIre, Kat. and But. who departed ihu 
life the 90tli day uf June, in tbe 13th year 

Arms — Three eagles displayed in 

Near Henry Fonyk's is a grave-stoae 
of equal antiquity, on which only re- 
main two armorial brasses. One has, 
Nebuli5e, on a bend dexter a lion pas- 
sant. On the other, a nian-of-wat 
with her anchor pendant; and in 

1 effigy 

of which the 1 

1 bteii 

It on this s 
'• Rowley" 

" Here lyeth the bodie nf Roger Hodidtn, 
j> huiband of June Hodidea. He dereaied 

had iuue betweit ibem i lunnei and i 

In ihe north aisle Is a brass, inseribid: 
<• Martha E-er„Wht)r if Henry E-er. 
Geat. and nfJaun his ■ife. Tl.e said Hearj 
belDu soo ofTbooiu Exrr, of Slienleybury, 
«•» riiu- »ai SOD vf Tbo> Ewei uf Hundia- 
bridgt. Tba aaut J.«De <taa ileuehur of 
Randoll Marsbe, uf HeuJoD. Thi. Martha 

• Probably, Mya the " Eeeltsiaetieal 
T.i[>ogmphy, ' th* tomb ot »d\ian VbW. 

1KU, IS3«,-~EdiT. 

1 IH Mr. Higguit*t Reply to Mr. Upham. — Northern Librahet, |_v 

hath cboten the better part, for though her 
body lies here ia diut with her earthlv mo- 
ther, yet her muI lives in rette with her 
heevenly Father, and the hath left her eldest 
aUter, Mary, only child of the said Henry 
and Joaoe, to the trobles of this world. 
Obiit 16 Dec. 1688. Eutis 16." 

There arc a variety of mural monu- 
ments, but 1 shall only notice one, 
which appears to have been erected 
about the time of James 1. In the 
' centre is a death's head. Two lines 
are painted black on a red ground, 
in the ledge, immediately under the 
•• Memento mori :" 

" Yoa shoulde looke on : why torn away 
thyne Eyne ? 

This is no Strangers hee : th' pyesnamy 
b Thjrne." 

Over it is the following coat : — ^S. 
three covered cups A. borne by Nowcll, 
which name frequently occurs in the 
parish register. Yours, &c. U. S. 

Avexov icai A7C€\ov, 

Epict. apud Aul. Gell. lib. 17. 
Mr. Urban, Feb. 5. 

I AM informed that, in your Ma^- 
zinc for last month, a letter is in- 
serted from my friend Mr. Upham, 
resnecting my little treatise on the life 
ana character of Mohamed. I have not 
read, and probably never shall read the 
article, as religious controversy wiTti 
A FRIEND is not to my taste. I un- 
derstand that I am accused by him 
of having written against Christianity. 
Though 1 decline controversy with a 
friend, I may, I trust, be permitted to 
say, that I nave never, in any work, 
written a word against our leligion, 
though I may have expressed myself 
with warmth against the frauds of 
priests, or the trash and nonsense with 
which the simple and sublime religion 
of Jesus Chribi has been overlaid by 
various sectaries — Jumpers, Ranters, 
Calvinists, — with superstitions degrad- 
ing to the character of the Deity, and 
subversive of morality, filling our pri- 
sons with criminals, and our h(»s|)itals 
with lunatics. But I apprehend, an 
impartial reader will find in my works 
new and important arguments in fa- 
vour of Christianity. Fur instance, my 
observations on Mr. Hume's 6ne rea- 
aoning on miracles, which I think (in 
my " Celtic Druids,** ch. iv. sect. 22,) 
has, for the first time, received its re- 
futation. It is very remarkable, that 
those qf my friends who have written 
igainsi my works, are very clear-sighted 
m teeing what they are pleased to call, 
or jniecttll, my «tfack« on religion. 

though they seem to be jperfectly blin 
to the passages which tney contain i 
its defence, never, / have reason to ht 
lieve, having noticed one of them ! 

It is unfortunate that many ver 
religious persons should imagine, iha 
they are promoting their own religion 
by running down the characters o 
the founders of those of their neigh 
hours and fellow-subjects. But gc 
nuiiie Christianity requires no suet 
defences ; and I am quite saiisfie< 
thai, though Mohamed' was liable u 
faults, like every other human being 
yet that the closer his character is can 
vassed, the clearer it will appear tha 
he was a very great man, both con 
sidered as a hero, a philosopher, and i 
Christian, the latter of which he realh 
was, as he professed to believe in th! 
divine mission of Jesus Christ, and it 
the truth of the doctrines taught b; 
him. But I can no more allow hin 
to be responsible for the whole of thi 
Koran forged by his followers, than '. 
can |)erinit Jesus Christ to be res|>on 
sible for what is said in the (almost 
scores of works, called Gospels, writtei 
respecting him. 

With the best wishes for the pro 
sperity of your excellent Magazine, J 
remain. Sir, yours, &c. 

Godfrey Higgivs. 

M r. U R B A N, Somerset Placi 

MY best thanks are due to you \ 
having given additional circu 
tion to my Appeal in behalf of ' 
Northern Libraries. I would now f 
to acquaint you, that my request 
been supported by the liberal conir' 
tions or Earl Spencer, the Archbit 
of Canterbury, the Hi. Hon. SirTli< 
Grenville, Sir F. B. Waison. Arcl 
con Butler, Thomas Uickman, 
William Llnyd, Esq. John Lee, 
LL.D. and Joshua Watson, Esc 
by other kind patrons of liter 
whose choice selections of book 
open a wide field of study to t' 
dustrious inhabitants of those 
ment regions. As the amount f 
which I antici|>ate, is, howev 
from being complete, I woul« 
invite the co-operation of the 
are fiiendly to the pi ogress o\ 
ledge; and I beg to add. iha' 
keep the sentiments expresse 
former ap|}eal open until the b 
of the month of April, after w 
the whole collection will be o 
the integrity and discretion of 
Rafn. ' Nich.Cai 


Noiicet of TavUtock and its Abbey, 


Mr. Urban, Feb. 4. 

1HAVE been favoared byMra. Brav, 
of the Vicarage House, Taviitock, 
whose antiquarian taste is well known 
by her historical romances, with the 
enclosed drawing of two pieces of 
panel, in the possession of the Rev. E. 
A. Bray, F.S.A. her husband, relics of 
the ancient decorations of Tavistock 
church. 1 beg to offer it to yoor Mis- 
cellany, accompanied by some notrt 
which have been collected by myself, 
with a view to editing an account of 
Tavistock Abbey and its environs. Til 
these notes you will ha%*e little more 
than a skeleton or outline of such an 
uiHlertaking, and whether I may ever 
fill them up as I could desire, must de- 
pend upon leisure and that encoarage* 
mcnt which is necessary to cfery lite- 
rary undertaking, which the author 
<loes not wish oltimately to prove a 
mulct on his zeal and exertions. Cer- 
tain it is that Tavistock and its en- 
virons afibrd highly beautiful objects 
for graphic illustration, that several 
characters eminent in history are con- 
nected with the place, and that the 
parish chest is remarkably rich in an- 
cient deeds, and churchwarden's ac- 
counts, some of which I examined at 
Tavistock in the year 1837f but many 
more siill remain, which I hope ere 
long to have an opportunity of peru&-, 
inq. In the mean time I shall be 
happy if ihc subsequent cursory memo- 
randa may be fuund acceptable to your, 

The church, monastic dwellings, 
and precinct of the Abbey of Tavistock 
in Devon, were situated within a few 
vaids of the right bank of the river 
Fary, on a narrow plain, very slightly 
elevated above the bed of that river, 
and surrounded on the north, south, 
and eJStern sides by eminences. 

The Tavy is a rapid stream, and has 
iis course throu^^h a rocky channel; the 
(icpih of this river is very variable, de- 
fend'] n^ much on the quaniiiy of ruin 
which descends from the high lands 
above mentioned. When thia is con- 
lidrrable the Tavy becomes an object 
of much interest, from the eflbris of its 
Wild and roaring waters to surmount 
the opposition presented to their conrse 
by the numerous fragments of rock, 
which lie scattered in the bed of the' 

In dry seasons the rambler may de- 
Kcod into the channel worn by the 
Gtirr. Mao. /'V'TiMry, 1880. 

waters of the Tavy, where he will find 
beaatifully picturesque combinations 
at every step. The blue waters'of the 
tiver making their gtirgling *' music 
^ith the enamelled stones,** dark foli- 
age here and there overhanging the 
lianks, the stillness of the scei^e pef- 
chance broken by the flight of the 
king 'fisher, whose bright cerolean 
-plumage flashes like a meteor across 
the sombre tints of the trees.* ' ' 

It is most probable that the emi- 
nences snrrouoding Tavistock Al)b(f^ 
were, in remote times; thickly covered 
ivith wood;f this mast have greatly 
heightened the beauty of the swellihg 
uplands, which, as it were, flank the 
course of the river, and thus the %\Vt 
was admirably well chosen for a life 
of seclusion and holy contemplation. 
" Locus amccnns opportCinitale nemO' 
rum, captorA copiosd piscium, ecclesisa 
eongruente fabric^, fluvialibos rivis \ttt 
offioinas roonechorom decarrcntibu^, 
qui suo impetu effusi quicqnid inveni-^ 
rent superfluum poriont rn exitum." 
Such is Malmesbury's account of the 
beauty and conveniences of the place.} 

The etymology of the name Tavis- 
tock does not appear to be of diflicnit 
solution. ' '* The place on the Tavy** is 
evidently implteu by the compoutid ; 
but it may be observed that by early 
writers of the monkish a^e, the Tavy 
is called the Tan, and that the Tuw, 
the Towy, the Tay, and the Taf, are 
common appcllutives of many British 
rivers. The Tavy discharges ftsclf intof 
the Tamar, a few miles above Ply- 
mouth ; of which Inst mentioned river 
it may be accounted a branch, lliercf 
can be little doubt, therefore, that the 
Tavy is an abbreviation of the British 
words Tau vfchan, or the little Tan, 
thusdistinguishini? the tributary branch 
from the Tau Mawr (afterwards Ta- 

. * To obtain an idea of a Devoothire 
itream, in all its beauty, the travellar should 
visit the Walkham at Warde Bridge, about 
four miles frum Tavi»u>pk. At this spoC 
ihfl stream makes its way betweea thickly 
clusteriDg fragments of dark moss-grown 
rocks, aiid on the bank, ct>ntiguoiM, is an 
enchanting little wood, where the oaks 
are seen flourishin*; amidst huge masses of 
granite, covered with moss and lichens. 

t The Exeter Domesday assigns a large 
proportion vf wood to the manor of Tavis- 

• J Malmesbnry de gestis Pontif. Angl. 
apud Scriptores post Bedam, p. 156'. 


Notices of Tav'utock and Us Abbey, 


mar), the sreat Tau. When the Saxons 
established their town and monastery 
on the banks of the Tau vechan, they 
were content to affix a short adjunct 
from their own language to the ori- 
ginal British words, and the abbrevi- 
ated form, so much sought by common 
parlance, easily moulded Tau-vechan- 
stoke into Tavistock. The Saxon 
Chronicle indeed strongly countenances 
this opinion ; in that venerable record 
it is called ^tepnjfcoke, which, 
without any distortion, may be read 

Ord^ar, Duke or Heretoch of Devon, 
a dignity equal to that of permanent 
viceroy or petty prioce, founded the 
Abbey at this place, A.D. 961, in con- 
lequence of a remarkable visiou which 
appeared, according to the Cartulary of 
lavistock, to him and his wife. The 
structure was completed by his son 
Ordulf, about twenty years after. It 
was appropriated to the residence of 
monks of the Benedictine order, and 
dedicated to St. Mary and St. llumon. 

Leland found a MS. Life of Rumon 
in Tavistock Abbey, at the time of 
the suppression of monasteries. He 
appears by this account to have been 
one of many saints, who emigrated 
from Ireland into Cornwall in the 6th 
or 6th century, for the pur))ose of en- 
joying the deepest seclutiion, and to 
nave erected for himself an Oratory in 
what the author terms a Ncmaean fo- 
rest, formerly a most frequented haunt 
of wild beasts. This, according to the 
MS. was at Falmouth, where he died 
and was buried ; but the fame of his 
sanctity still surviving, Ordulf, on com- 
pleting the monastery at Tavistock, 
was induced to remove his bones from 
their resting place, and to enshrine 
them in the Abbey Church, where they 
became an object of ignorant devotion. 
Malmesbury seems to lament that the 
miracles of Rumon, in common with 
those of many other saints, owing to 
the violent hostility of subsequent 
tiines, remained unrecorded. No doubt 
this hiatus was amply supplied in the 

• The ptMAge in the Sucon Chronicle 
mu thus : 

OpbuJpej- mynpep set iEtepngfcoke 

the ftpptrent pleonasm, hj the repetiUon of 
the preposition at, does not niiliute against 
»y definition, as custom had incorporated it 
in the compound, forming collectively the 
name of the place. 

volume found by Leland, and the la- 
bours of him who perhaps was really a 
zealous and fearless propagator of Chris- 
tianity in the primitive times, were 
converted into a series of ascetic mor- 
tifications, degrading to reason, and 
worse than useless to society, while bis 
sanctity became attested by the detail 
of miracles more absurd than the wild- 
est of the Arabian tales. Of the re- 
puted saints, however, many were really 
such in their day; heroic soldiers, like 
St. Paul, of Christ's Church militant on 
earth, in perils and persecution ; but the 
purity of their doctrines becoming ob- 
scured during temporal convulsions, the 
monks issued from their scriptoria new 
versions of their lives, which suited 
their own purposes for the time, but 
have had the etfect in these enlightened 
days of clouding the memory of holy men 
with much of doubt and incredulity. 

In an account of Tavistock Abbey it 
is im))ossible to pass over the story of 
King Edgar's marriage with Elfrida, 
the daughter of Ordgar, the Heretoch 
of Devon. 1 shall be content to relate 
it in Malmesbury*s own words.* 

** There was in the time of Edgar one 
Athelwoldi a nobleman of celebrity, and one 
of hit confidants. The King had commis- 
sioned him to vittt £]fthrida, daughter of 
Ordgar, Duke of Devonshire (whose charms 
had so fascinated the eyes of some persons 
that they commended her to the king), and 
to offer her marriage if her beauty were 
really equal to report. Hastening on his 
embassy, and finding every thing consonant 
to general estimation, he coneealed his mis- 
sion from her parents, and procured the 
damsel for himself. Returning to the king 
he told a tale which made for his own pur- 
pose, that she was a girl nothing out of the 
common track of beauty, and by no means 
worthy of such trauscendaot dignity. When 
Edgar s heart was disengaged from this af- 
fair, and employed on other amours, soma 
tattlers acquainted him how completely 
Athelwold had duped him by his artifices. 
Paying him in his own coin, that is retam- 
ing him deceit for deceit, he shewed the earl 
a fair countenance, and, as in a sportivo 
manner, appointed a day when he would 
visit this fisr famed lady. Terrified almost 
to death with this dreadful pleasantry, he 
hastened before to his wife, entieating that 
she would administer to his safety by attiring 
herself as unbecomingly as possible ; then 
first disclosing the intention of such a pro- 
ceeding, fiut what did not this woman dare! 
She was harchr enough to deceive the confi- 
dence of her first lover, her husband ; to call 
up every charm by aTt, and to omit nothing 

* Historia Novella, translated by Sharp, 1 54. 

Noliet$ of Taviilock and U> Abbtg. 

mnUU} la twf daiifin. far he fill •□ deipa- 
rtMlj is Idk irith her lUi iDomciit h( iiw 
Ler, tbmt, diuffraUing hi« indignkticiiit he 
HBi ht Ihe Eail inlo m -(wd .[ W.nivellD 
called HirewDod, under pretence of haotiDg, 
ud nn him cbiough wiih > j>vclin ; and 
vbcD lh« illfgiliniiu u>a nf die murdered 
ooblcdiCD ipprrMchei] vith bia uiul luiii- 
liuity, uid WIS uVed bj the king how he 
lilwd ihu kind of iporl, be ii leparMd to 
kmrtuM, * Well,inj torereicn liege, I ought 
PAt 10 be dllpleued with met which sivei 
i|Sfl pleuuR.' I'hii unaer lo Miiugtd the 
aIm) nf lb> '■giig mostrchi tint for the re- 
niader ot Ut life he held do aoe id greiiei 

the offfDce of hie tjnuiDicel deed Kf^ainat 
the bther, Lj rojd eolicicude fi>i the too. 
Id eipiuiaa of thii crime, > mnDulerj, 
■hich au built oD the ipnte b)' Effthriili, 
ti iohsbited bj i Urgt CDDgregmtioo of 

lo»h« . 

£it<*anl, hi* half-brother, who enjoyed 
ihc kinglf office about ibree years and 
a half, to be miinteTed by an attendant 
at the gale of her casile, while he was 
on horfrlisek, and taking from her 
hind ■ cii|> of wine, which he requeit- 
cd M > boon of hospilaiily, after the 
biicun Df Ihc dine. 

Elftida became penitent, after the 
fMtiion of thoic J«^, and endeavoured 
to expiate the -'■- -''■---' ■ >' 
of luperuiiious 


Ordulf was one da^ In company with 
his kinanian Kin^ Edward; approach- 
ing tile city of Exeter, the porter in 
charge of the gate by which ihcy were 
to enter was out of ihe way, and hud 
secured ihe gate nti the outside bv ban,' 
and oti ihe inside by bolts. Ordulf, 
willing to give his rnjral cousin "» 
touch of his quality,'' jumped off hii 
horie, and seizing the bars with both 
hands, with a flieht effort broke llietn 
ihcm in two. Warmed with ihe sue- , 
cta» of ihis firel essay, wilh a single 
kick he biirft the remaining fastenings 
asunder, tearing the gates off their 
hinges. The lurtoiinding attendants 
extolled the feat with expre»iont of 
Ihc highest admiration; but the king, 
catling to mind perhaps the demoniacs, 
of scrijiture, who resided in the lombj, 
and whom no human bond) could con- 
fine, told his relative, half in Joke, half 
in eainm, that his was the strength of 
no man, but of a devil iocarnate t Some 
I added to this slory. 

I ten fee 

plishment in a eouniry every where 
intersected by water courses, and la 
those days doubtless but ill provided 
with briJges. 

Browne Wiltii lelli us, thai io hit 
lime the sepulchral effigies of this 
Saxon giant, of great length, were still 
preserved by lying under an arch in 
the north side of the cloisters of the 
<r blood, by a life Abbey church. This idcniical arth, 
*" * ' 1 apprehend. Hill r ' * '" 

fbundtd St Whe 

nnety which she had lary remnant of the immediate appen- 
" False religion dages of the Abbey church. Tht - 

ireneouragci than repri 
It act* u il were a certain price on its 
perpeitation, and hold* out ihe delu- 
M>e idea that the deeds of hell mav be 
boaghi out and exchanged at a hxed 
"ir, for the glory and felicity of 

To return to OrdflBr, ihc founder of 
Tiviaiock Abbey, Malmesbiiry, whom 
we have aliove quoted, and who wrote 
in ihe lime of King Stephen, tells us 
that the tomborOrdgnr was to be seen 
■D tiia day, ni also that of his inn Edulf 
oiOlJdir, of whose remarkable bodily 
slrength he relates an anecdote to the 
rdiowing effect. 

Wbttvell hl*H>mpLhire°'TI " teu'uid'e 
^ clsin vhieh bu bnn mwle Fur Hue- 
■ood in Comvvll, the wat of the TrelawDy 
haily, u lilt ion* ef the sbova truiic- 

of this recess is of the time 
of Henry III, and as there is no exam- 
|ite extant which can lead us to con- 
clude thai sepulchral hgurci were 
placed over tombs in the middle ages, 
until the twelfih century, ai>d ai it wai 
usual to re-edify and remodel the mo- 
numents of tainU and remarkable per- 
wn> (of which custom the ghrineof 
lidward the Confessor, now in West- 
mifitler Abbey, is n prominent exam- 
ple,) Urdulfs tomb perhaps underwent 
a renovation about this period, and was 
supplied with a sepulchral effigy. In 
digging the founuaiion of the house 
call»l the Abbey house, on the site of 
which the Mfold Arms Inn now 
stands, a remarkably rude and small 
sarcophagus was found, not more than 

irnicd lotliB Aottqasrian >nd Tonogtiiphicil 
C.bioct, vul-ll. 

U9 Noiices of T^Httock <md Hi Ahbt§. [Feb. 

three or four feet in length, containine brief particaUrs relative to bim and hie 
some large bones. Two of these, each son, which have reached these later 
belonging to a thigh, are preserved days, it may be well to observe that the 
in the parish church of Tavistock, and aooonnt of the remarkable strength of 
the larger is shewn as appertaining to the latter need not be rejected as alto* 
the body of the founder Ordgar, the gether an idle tale. Most of these 
smaller to that of his wife |* the size magnified relations have, like the lives 
of the Itone chest not more than three of the deified personaees of the Greek 
or four feet in length, and the dissiroi- and Roman age, some foundation in real 
larity of the dimensions of the bones, circumstances. Modern times have 
seem indeed to countenance ihe idea afforded us indisputable instances of 
that the perishing remains of Ordgar individuals gifted with wonderful mut- 
and his wife, as benefactors to the mo- cular power. Ordulf might have re- 
nastery, might have been collected by moved in a manner sorprising to the 
a pious care, and deposited in one com- ordinary race of men, some obstaele 
moo receptacle by the monks of Sl which opposed the entrance of Kins 
Rumon. Among several interesting £dward and his train, into the city of 
architectural fragments, which are Exeter, and possessed of a stature be- 
preserved with the sarcophagus itself, yond the usual standard, and of strength 
oy the sood taste of the Rev. £. A. m proportion, mieht have excelled, in 
Brav, the present vicar of Tavistock, passing brooks, dykes, or other obsta- 
under a gothic arch in the Vicarage cles, all his competitors in the chase. 
Garden, (of which arch more here- The Abbey Cnorch being completed 
afterO were two fragmenu of stone u- by Ordulf, Aimer became the first 
bleu, inscribed in a delicate Roman Abbat. £thelr«l, the grandson of the 
character; one bore the legend, founder, who had succeeded to the 
svBiACBT iNTvs EugUsh Cfowu by the death of £d- 
coNDiTom ward the Martyr, granted a charter to 

The other : ^« A*^*^ t. exempting it from all se- 
cular service, except rate for military 

cond"or*a::::::' expeditions, and the repair of brid^ 

FRESTET ANiMA ?"<* «»»^>««- J° *^« preamble to thia 

,_,,... . , msirument, he lamenu that certain 

The last inscription may perhaps be persons, stained with infidelity, had 

a monitory sentence to the visitor of ^een allowed, without his consent (he 

the founder's tomb, that he should y^^ ^ j^ ^1 h^ be said, in an infant 

exhibit as benevolent a disposition as ^^^ "^powerless state, not more than 

Ordffar towards the abbey : " ut ille ^^^^^ ^p . ^^ ^^ drive the 

indolem sicut conditor abbatiaj nosirae ^^^^^ ^^ Tavistock from their sacred 

praestet animam.t , . . , , pUces and possessions. This suin of 

Ordpar, the founder, IS said to have f^fijeliiy was, 1 apprehend, nothing 

residecf at Tavistock, acid the site of his ^^^ ^hin a disbelief in the sanctity oT 

house IS still traditionally pointed out. ^onachism, and the expulsion of the 

Before I d ismiss the notice o f the above j^^^ks from Church benefices, in 

♦ They have been measared for me l^ ^^^'ch they were replaced by the much 

Mr. James Cole, the sexton of Tavistock : "po'Te deserving and useful class of eccle- 

the larger thigh bone is «1 inches in length, siastics, the secular Clergy. The sue- 

5i in circumference; thesmaller 19 inlength, cess of the artifices of Dun^n, in fa- 

4^ in circumference. If these were really th« vour of the monkish order, is however 

bones of Ordgar and his wife, as probably well known. The Charter contains 

they were, it is not surprising that their ton the customary anathemas against all 

Ordulf should be ull. infringement, and is witnessed by 

t It U with regret that I record that Elhclrcd or Adelred, King of all Bri- 

some one has grossly abused the Idndness ^^^^^ Alfihrilh or Elfrida his mother, 

of the worthy vicar, who granu ready access i^^^^^^^ the Archbishop of Canter- 

to every one wishing to view these relics, and • .,^ ^^ • «.,»,«,«.,o ,«..4^u«m «««! •««•» 
u : a \\ e -.» *• r^u • Durv, and numerous prelates and mag- 
has cut off all further examination of the m- » r u 1 

scriptions by carrying them away. He must "^J^* ^l *"* ^^^^^' .. t\ - x. a . 

be a pitiful antiqiary indeed who can stoop '" V^« Y^a^ 997 the Danish fleet, 

to disgrace himself by thefu which cannot ""Qcr Sweyn, entered the bevern, and 
h»ng enrich himself, and who abstracts from 

the pleasure and information of the public X See Charter of Inspeximos, Kdw. III. 

mi huge in b present and future age. Dugdale*s Monasticon. 


Notka of TavUtock and Us Mbeij. 

tion, to diipcnse indi>criminate justice 
lod favour to his Engliih ta well ti 
hii Norman lubjccti) Eut warning that 
Tipour of character nccesinry lo luaiaJn 
» bold «lep, he fell a victim lo anxiety 
of mind, brouKht on bj (tar of ihe 
constquencca of ihe sbore measure, in 
■he fc^ir 1IX>C|, Siihric appears to have 
Miccordcil him in his Abbacy of Ta- 
viiiock, Tor he occun as Abbal 1050, 
and died in 1082. Next «ame Gcof- 
Trej, wbodied in lOSa, Wimund fol- 
lownl, who appears to hare abused 
repoaed in him j for Henry 
, by his letters, comnianili 
icbuili, probably by the exertions and the ShcriiT of De%'on lo cause re- 
muniliccnce of Living or Livinaus, stitution to he made to hii Church 
who *ras nephew lo Brithwald. Bishop of Tavistock, of the manors of Rue- 
" '- '- "^ -" ■■ bcrge (RoboroughJandCudeliiKCCud- 

hatinf plonderedandlaid WHte various 
nlM«i on the coast of Wafe», Somer- 
srlshire. and Cornwall, sailed round 
Penwihuieori, the Laud's End, and 
anchoring in ihe mouth of the Tamar, 
thcT ravaged the country as for as Lyd- 
ford, burning and slaying all before 
ibcm. In this devatialiou the monas- 
lery of Tavuiock, m lately compleled 
hy Orduir, xtii plundered and con- 
■omid by fire, the Danes relirinz laden 
with ill spoiti, and those of ilie ad- 
jjcenl country, lo their ships •. 

The Abbey ibus destroyed, lay for the irii 
— e lime in ruins, but was at lengih the Fii 

of Sl German's i» Cornwall : 

11 first a Monk of Winchester, afier 

wards Abbat of Tavistock, and ii 

vear t032 was consecrated Bishop of 
Credlton CKirion). He « ' ' 

ihe favour of King Cam 

which Wimund bad unjnaily de- 
livered up lo his broiher^. Wimund 
was at length, in 1 lOS, deposed for 
simony, and was replaced by Osbert, 
lo whom King Henry Ihe Firtl granted 
the privilege of ■ weekly market, (in 
Fridays, in ihe manor of Tavistock, 
and a fair for three days at ihe feasi of 
St, Rumon. He confirmed lo him and 
islery, and to Turold and ibeir 

compinied him in his pilcrimage to 
Rome. After ihe death of Btiihwald, 
his uncle, be procured the See of St. 
Geriiian'»t lo bv united lo his own, 
»nd held ihem bolh, with ihc Bishopric 

of W'oreesicr, to which he was pro- dependent monks residing in the Scilly 
nuied, until his deaih. A heavy ae- Isles, all the Churches and iheir land 
coHtioa was hrnught against him of there, as thev or any oiher monks or 
being concerned in ihedealh of Alfred, ' ' ""' ' " "' ■ ■- -■ ■■ 

the eldest son of King Eihelred. He 
was deprived of hb episcopal prelcr- 
Ricms for > leason ; bui, having cleared 
biuuelf ftotn impeachi 
stored to ihem, ' " 
■ 1046. H« was 

Abbey, to which he had been 
ficeot benefactor. 

Edwy Alheling, a son of Ethelrcd, 
*nd grot-grand sun of Oidgar ihe foun- 
der, soDghl a refuge, 1 conjecture, in ... 
TaviMock Abbey, from the jealousy of for the Abbey posst — 
Cinuie,*3hedied and was buried there Henry IL Baldwin, ob. 
■boni ihis lime. Sieplien, then Herbert, ob. 

AUint succeeded Livine in his life 
line u Abbsl, and ai his death in ihe 
we of Wnreesier. In the reign of Ed- 
"srd ihe Confessor, he was elevated lo 
the »« of York, and is said lo have 
(Towotd William iheConqueror. He 
tftcrwatda fulminated an cxcomn 
cation gainst the King for h: 
Wien iIk oalh taken at his coi 

King Edward the Confessor. Reginald 
Earfof Cornwall, natural son of Henry, 
afterwards corroborated this charter, 
and also granted the monks in Scilly 
id died in the year all wreck upon those bles, excepiinx 
iierred at Tavistock whales and entire ships. Osbert died 
in 1 13 I, and was followed by Geoffrey, 
to whom succeeded Robert de Plynip' 
ton, 1141. Robert Poslell, ob. 11^4. 
Walter, monk of Winchester, who 
died 1174, had a^charler of free warren 
"1, fiom King 

Jordan, ob, ISIO. William Kermet, 
ob. I3S4. John Capcll, ob. 1333. 
Alan de Coinwall, ob. 134a. Robert 
deKiiecnoU, a moDkoflhefound.nion, 
succeeded J nexiThomas, and then John 
de Northampton, ob. ISS7. Philip 
Trenchfield, ob. 1!6o. Alurcd. the 
next Abbat, was succeeded in ie(>3 by 

* Sum Cliion. sub un. W. 
t Tl* t^iareh M Si. Qtm 


. aust an at the 

X TbeM niMppnipriMif 

in Kempa's K>>^7i^N«l 
le-Onn<l, Loodon. of lu 

of Chorehpro- 

III diiielilcn of ibe officii 


hvotntory of Records in tho Chapter-house, 


John Chnbbey who was deposed eight 
years after hit election. Robert, ob. 
1285. Robert Campbell, ob. 1325. 
Robert Bosse, deposed 1333. Then 
followed John de Courtenay, eldest son 
of Hugh Courtenay, Earl of Devon, 
ob. 1349. Richard de Ashe or Esse. 
Stephen de Langdon, elected 1362, 
ob. 1380. Thomas Cullen, ob. 1402. 
John Mcy, ob. 1421. Thomas Mede 
held the Abbacy till 1442, when Tho- 
mas Crispin, Prior of the Monastery, 
was elected; he died in 144?. Wil- 
liam Pewe, the next Abbat, died in 
1450, and was followed by John Dy- 
niogton or Dymyogton, who applied 
to the Kins for permission that the 
Abbau of Tavistock should enjoy the 
distinction of wearing the episcopal 
habiliments, which was granted in the 
following terms, as they may be ren- 
dered from the Latin form. 

** Licence for the Abbat of Tavistoke to 
wear the Pontificalia. 

" The King, to all to whom these presents 
shall come, greetbg : Be it known that we 
of oar especial grace have ertnted and given 
pennistton for lu and our heirs, as muph as 
in ns lies, to John Denvnton, Abbat of the 
House and Church of the blessed St. Mary 
and St. Rumon, to solicit and have per- 
mission from the sovereign Pontiff, the 
present Pope, to use the mitre, amice * (al- 
mucio), sandals, and ether pontifical in- 
signia, and of blessing in the solemnity of 
masses, and pronouncing absolutions with 
the same authority, and in the same numner, 
as any Bishop uses. 

« And that the said Abbat may likewise 
prosecute any other provisions concerning 
the above matter, and enjoy the benefit of 
them for himself and his successors for ever. 

*< And further, we of our greater favour 
have granted and given licence to the said 
Abbat, that be may receive Apostolic Let- 
ters and Bulls for the aforesaid provisions, 
and all and singular therein contained, exe- 
cute, read, and cause to l>e read, and them 
and every of them altogether, fully and 
wholly, quietly, peaceably, and without 
harm, according tu the effect of the said 
letters and bulls, and each of them, may 
use and enjoy, forbidding that the said 
Abbat or his Proctors, Fautors, Councillors, 
Helpers, or AdhereuU, or any other his Soli- 
citors, Readers, or Publishers of the said 
Letters and Bulls, shall be by us or our 

* The amice has been erroneously defined 
by glossarisU as a cap; it was an under 

. robe made generally of linen, covering the 
shoulders, and fastened by strings round the 
breast. See the Rev. J. Raioe's interesting 
and learned " Account of the finding of the 

iHH/jr Bad robes of St, Cufchbert." 

heirs impeded, disquieted, disturbed, mo- 
letted or oppressed, the statutes for Pro* 
visors, Ordmatiotts, Piovisioos, enacted to 
the contrary, or other things, causes, mat- 
ters whatever, which on our or any other part 
may be said or alledged, notwithstanding. 

" In witness whereof we have caused 
these our Letters to be made patent. 

" Witness the King at Westminster, the 
third day of February.'^-(86 Hen. VL A.D. 

Yours, &c. A. J. K. 

(To he continued,) 

Mr. Urbak, Feb. 4. 

IT is one of the man]^ disadvantages 
under which Historical and Anti- 
quarian literature labours, that th« 
contents of some of the public reposi- 
tories are but little known to the world. 

The Chapter House, Westminster^ 
contains muniments of the most va- 
luable, but miscellaneous, nature ; and 
in I8O7 the Record Commission or- 
dered an Inventory to be made of them. 
Three copies only were taken of it; 
and of the existence of these, very few 
persons are aware. Having made an 
abstract of the " Alphabetical Index" 
to the one in the British Museum, I 
send it for publication in the Gentle- 
man*s Magazine. 

It is but an act of justice to add, 
that the present Keeper of the Chapter 
House has always manifested a disposi- 
tion to afford as much facility to lite- 
rary inquiries as the existiug regula- 
tions of that establishment will permit, 
so that by making your readers ac- 
quainted with its stores, you will pro- 
bably be the means of bringing to 
light many historical facts. 

Yours, &c. N. H. N. 

General Inventory of all the Record*, 
and other Public Documents, prt' 
served in the Chapter House at frest" 
minster, made by order of His Ma" 
je$ty*s Commissioners on the Public 
Records of the Kingdom, 1807. 
Folio, on parchment, deposited in the 
Library of the British Museum, 

At a hoard of the Commissioners, 
held on Thursday, 00th July, 1807, it 
was ordered that Mr. Illingworth, as a 
Sub-Commissioner, together with Mr. 
Ellis and Mr. Richards, do proceed 
immediately to make a general Inven- 
tory of all the Records, and other pub- 
lic documents, preserved in the Chap- 
ter House, the said inventory to be m 
the nature of a press catalogue, describ- 

1S3O0 Invenlory of Hecordi in the Chapter-house. 119 

ing the ^[cncril conlenli of uch afurU CommDu Pleu, Cuurt of, orlginul ind Judi- 

(tiFnt, press an<l iMf, ipedtj'in^ ihe oi>l writi — Ed*. 111. to Hentv VII. 

lille »nd nuiurrical matkj now affixed Orlgip.l .i><l judical »riM, »Uh re- 

lo each Roll, Book, or Box; nnil lliat tunii, lutil pleea, habtu corpui ciim 

two copiet be mule of it on vcl- ™h«, and niunu, Jiic. 1[. ; jurj pro- 

lum, togrther «ilh ■ CaWlogoeor ihe "»>, tieonli Coi ttM. wd »««., wriu 

»t»rr.l «i«ing tndexc*. one of Ihe °f wiutioi.. &e— He... II t» Jk. II. 

uid copifs 10 remain in Ihe Chapter ^id-Tii uITvu^'^j vi a^^' 

•nd the other lo be delivered to ihe rninmim»™1.l. II...rn..i„n 

,. r ti- «^ - r n J - t,ominunwe»in», usurpttiOD, vid Char ei 

KMoer ot H'l MajMty's Rfcordj hi u^ "^ 

Ihe Towtr, ihcre lo remain for Ihe Pl.ciudf BiDco-from 3 Hen.III, w 

use or llie poUic."' On llie 3lsl Oc- m Hep. VII. 

lober rollowing, llie Inventory wai ac- pedes liaTuni ta cur' mglt, ud in ths 

cordiiigly made 1 and al a board nf the Commaa Plm— frniu Rio. I, ca 4 Jic. 11. 

CoRimiuioneri held on the l6th De- wilti nfeuliy, lacnniDtu, aud miud— 

ceiuber. I8O7, it was approved. The f™fp I E!iz. to 4 J«c. II. 

gemlemcn who prepared il were tic- Counliej, »Hiierolt>, ini>ceU>De«, indforeit 

fired W MthcluiMte llie conlenla of pr««dmg,, kc. r,l«mg to euh couuty 

the bMk by iiAscribing Ibeir iniiUU Co™«rrkoll" "' 

lo e»ery pa^j and a third copy wqj Cm^i RdU " f f I ' ih 

wmmanrfed to be made upon jell i,m. ^.^^ ^^^^^ C.^Z-»"lVZr' 

•Qd depciled m the Briluh Museum Crom-.ll, Thoni« Lor.1. e™«p°„.denM 

fat the lue of ibe pobl.c. Messrs. 11- ^j ,„„ „ during hii >dn>>iiuD 

tinjiwoni], Ellij, and Richards, wmc —temp. Hen. VIM. 

farlbi-r oiderrd 10 report annually, on Cruwp, Plea, of the— Hin. III. to Hen. VI. 

the lit or Mjrcll in each yeur. the Curiii Recii, Enei loied. and pliciu io— 

allenliont or uddiiioo*, if any, mnde Hea. 11. lUc. I. ind Juhn. 

to (he afnteiaid Calalosuc) ibcir litst Ciutumi, lUceivsu' General, ucouuti of— 

rtpott 10 be made 1st Miicli, I8O9. «Fiom reigw. 

Abbrn, furvCT. of-tmip. Hen. VHI. Diocesei, W of diwrs-vulom rsign,. 

AnJoo, ire.S« »ill., from the IB Ed-. I. Dom.,J.y Boot. 

(• lU reign of Heory VIII. Eicbe-t Tone NormaDnnrxtn, Holt, of iic- 

AMiBt Roll*, chroaolitfiollj urugad From couatj of lands eicbeated tu ilia Croin 

tke r«lgo ot Edward I. to Henrv VI. Hen. III. 

>u eouBlie*— Henrj- HI. tn Hcnrj IV. Enchaquer Account* -temp. Hen. VHI. 

Atuisden, rtcoirda relating to ; uidr Crom- Eiciie, reeointi ofCollectori fur the sundard 

»II. Woltey, and Forfeited EiUtes. , meature— anno 1700. 

t AiuBosutiuB, Court of, billi, aoiwen, and Eierclius Kegii— vide Cliitalry, 94 Edn, I. 

dapaitioua Id. alan fur gianu of Chancery E,re, Riilli of plicita before the Juiticet la 

Uad*— t*»p. Ed*. VI. —Hen. 111. to Edw. III. 
Aula Plaeiia i ndr Minlikliea. 

. , SMJafor- 'c";-S 

. ,p.H.nrTVIl.,«IVm. n.nder.. „. . .„„. .. 

Brituoj, UHtles wiib— from tLe la John, g^^ jy 

ls7l]eDiy VII. Forests', pluiu persmliidationi, ii 

Bo^-dy treatie. i, 6 Hea. V. to Mm. la vkSo^ conatic-Hea 

iTUb. m. C.,. 11. 

Batlerage, arcounta of— temp. H-ntj- VHI. Forfeited Estates, S 
CaUii, thoTieuun 

n>DBI* relating to, and alio of the >uple France, treaties >ith— Hen. III. to Jac. I. 

(/— larnii. Ileo. VIII. Fuaenis, orders for leieral Royal and athar 

CaaUta. inaiies >i)h— from the 3» Heaiy —Hen. VIH. and Elii. 

III. to ei Edw. IV. f I n !■ - wj T . u in 

Calberiae, Q».n of H.n.VlU., papan re- ^" °'^"TT~^-^' I *'^ 

laliai to her diroica Garter, ituutsi of tlie order of the—. 
Cllantariai and Cbapcis, particidars for sale 
of landa balao^iog hytemp. Edw. VI. 

s Boi.»a in 
l.-RiB. I, I 


ituutsi of tlie oi 
Geiinaair,treat:«>.lth— «Edir.I,to9SE: 

__ ler and Jenev Asiin Rolls, Hiaoc 

•Ma laio (*POtiemg to— aooD i(,4a. „„„ a,- vj. i ,- uj. ill 

Cfciaal,,. Court of, FUoiu Eaereila.-S4 """■ *"■ ^'^ '" '" '^"- "'" 

B4>. 1. HaoH Toons— H<n. Vlll. 

Quia* Bull*— anno U Ric II. Hear; V.— hia will. 

Cbarlee I. Heevrer Geasrat'i aeeouats of 


ijiMfUmry o^ Rtcord» im ike Chapier^kome* 


Hwry Vll^hit will. 

't Clutptl-.bookt of (Im ftHRHk- 

•— — VIII. dhroroe, lctt«n» &o. of hit im- 

fauudon I hit will aad monvmeot. 
HollaiMl, tnttltt wHh— 19 Htn. Vf. to 99 

HoatehoM, Rnytl, lecoantt o^Htiirj VII. 

ud Ken. VIII.; vide Wardrobo. 
Hoadrtd Rollt in eteh County— Edw. I. 

Jamet the Firtt't AoDeution of the Inpe- 

ritl Crown and Jewelt to the Crown. 
Jeftej and Guemtey Attize Rollt* mitcel- 

hmea, Sec. £dw. IL and £dw. III. 
Jewelt and Pkte, indeuturet for the delWerj 

of Edw. IL and £dw. III. 

Jewt, RoCuIi Judeonun^John and Hen. III. 
Inqnititiont pott mortem, trantcnptt of, in 

the Court of Waidt— from d8 Hen. VIII. 

to 91 Car. I. 
Iptwich and Oxford Cardinal College, tur- 

rendert of monatteriet for the endowment 

of. Hen. VIIL 
Ireland, State Papert relating to the affaire 

of — ^variont reignt. 
Italy, treatiet with— 96 Edw. III. to 19 

Hen. VUI. 
Iter Rollt— Hen. III. and Edw. I. 

King't Bench, Court of, original and jodi- 
oUl write, netne and Jury proceteet, 
potteat, &c — Yarioue reignt, Hen. VII. 

to Jft<|r I* 
— — Placita coram Rege^4 Hen. IIL to 

10 Hen. V. 

Langeton, Walter de, pleadingt in com- 

plaintt againtt — 1 Edw. II. 
Lettert, Royal, to Cardinal Wolsey, Lord 

Cromwell, Lord Litle, and mitcellaneout 

—temp. Hen. VIII. 
Liber Niger. 
Lincoln ^iae Rollt and roitcellanea — Hen. 

in. to Rich. U. and inturrectiont in, 

temp. Hen. VIIL 

■ ■ taxation of the Clergy in the dio* 
cete of-^ai^ 1540. 

Litle, Lord, lettert, tto. temp. Hen. VIIL 
London, City of, Attize Rolls, &c.<— Hen. 
III. and Hen. IV. 

■ ' Rail of landt given in oMrtmain in 

— varioot reignt. 

Manort, rentalt of variout, temp. Hen. VIIL 
Martbaliea Court, Placita Anlae — Edw. I. 

n. and III. 
Mewt and hortet, ezpentet of the King't — 

19 Edw. I. 
Michael, St. order and ttatuftet of, tent to 

Henry VIII. 
Minet, Tin, in Cornwall and Devon— ra- 

riout reignt. 

G<3d and Silver, m GIoocetterthifB 

and Somenetthire-^varioot reignt. 
Mint, Aswyi, indenturet, &c.— Edw. III. 

and Car. I. 
Mitcellaneout Recordt, bagt of, in each 

eouDtj — rarioot reignt. 

Monatteriee, tnrreyi and fialtatiout, re- 
port! of vkiton and Bwreaden — Hen. 

■ pentiont to abbou, &e. of die- 

tolved monatteriet— Hen. VIIL 

Mortmain Lioeutet to Woltey to endow hu 

colleget— Hen. VIIL 
Muttera of men at anna, hobilera, &r. in 

Tarloot counCiee — Hen. V. VI. and VIIL 

Navarre, Treatiea witi^^l Rio. II. to 4 

Hen. VUI. 
Navy and Ordinance aceountt— Hen. VIIL 
Normandy Minittert' aoeonntt, — > wfi 1305. 

Ordnance and Navy aceountt— Hen. VIIL 
Oxford Univerti^, foundation and endow- 
ment of Cardinal College, temp. Hen.VIIL 

Palacet, Cartlet, &o. aceountt of cxpenaee 
of, vide Hampton Court* Wiodtor, York 
PUmo— Edw. IV. to Hen. VIU. 

Papal Bollty bookt of enrolment thereof— 

Parliament, petltiont and pleadingt in, and 
teveral roUt o^Edw. I. 

Patent Rollt— John, Edw. IL and Hen. VI. 

PiM RoUt— John, Henry VIH. PhUip and 

PlaeiU Aoltt— 19 Edw. I. 

de Attitit— Hen. IIL to Hen. VL 

' de Banco— ^ Hen. IIL to 94 Hen. 

■ Corone, &€. in Eyre, &c. — variout 

— — Ezeroitut — 94 Edw. I. 

- Parliaraentaria — Edw. I. 
Cor' Rege— 4 Hen. IIL to 1 Hen.V. 

Pole, Cardinal, lettert and examinationt of 

—Henry VIIL 
Ponthieu, Montrieul, and Bordeaux, Trea- 

turert' aceountt of— Edw. IIL Hen. V. 

and VIIL 
Portugal, treatiet with— 47 Edw. IIL to B 

Henry VIL 
Privy Seal, Billt for patenta— Henry VIIL 

Elizabeth and Jac. I. 
■ for leant — Henry VIIL 

Philippa, Queen, vide ooatentt of Ragenan 

bag— Edw. I. 

Quo Warranto, rollt and abttnett — Edw. L 
IL and III. 

Rageman't Bt2. 

Rebelliont in Lincolnthire and Yoiicthire— 

Henry VIIL 
Receivert', General, aceountt of revenuet of 

the ettatet of Charlea I. anno 1648. 
Rentals of manort — Henry VIIL 
Requeitt, Court of, affidavits, raiikutet, and 

interloootory oniert, bookt of— divert 

— — Bilhr, antwert, diepotitioni, <tc. 

mixed with thote of the Court of Wardt 

— Eliz. Jac. I. and Our. I. and of variout 


Ordert and Decreet— Hen. VIL 

to Chariet I. 
Richard Il.'t WiH. 

Iltt Chaptir-kiiuse, lyettiiiinslt-r. 

1. Alntncu of inq. i«Mt aun 

^ J.C. I. tt.l5Cu. 1. 

Mairiairei id J leuet — I? Jk, 


Mai IB jutMli et uaiiii. &i 

WakH, GlMcnwr, WMtnuniMr— tlu !J 

Ed-. I. 

Act uflUiMiDptioa— 98 Htn. VI. 

nlitivt CD — Hinry 

m-ltu30ll>u. VIII.' 


H». vm. t> 

— " C«r. I, 

kccountt Id Rolli. 
. lu Cue. 1. 
n*^l Bl*. VI. 14 

1 Mv. 

— Um. VII. 
ud prerefiuenM of wvJi — 4 

.. vm. [uaiCH.I. 

J>q. I. 

r, ucdUDt «r bulldloy Yuik 
mp. Htt..VI1I. 

r Abbef , inJuwuirnt ud fotra- 
H<nr7 VII. '■ Ghsm-I. 
livLiRin, Henry V. VII. ■ixl 

9 of rcliuildiilKi ■ml 

-Eri*. IV. u) H«. vm. 

-diail, pcn>iaii4 to, catriapond- 
;'*• funoded by, &V— Um.'viVl' 

tj VIII. 


iWr pan or ihrae drK'umcnti 
.0 be Qiiinitexcd, anil nianjr 
e iti a cuitfuuil ttile, and 
others are mirkvd n unccr- 

: mticK iJecayet!, aiid tiot 

g i]niie 


now 10 consider ihe charge 
ihcmy, Willi which Mat- 

inaiiicd. &a oSlea, indeed, 
u many (|uarter>, lias ihe 
beet) tepculed, ihai few 
»1 to queaiion Ililruib.aLiil 
Alheisi hd! by ^rneral can- 
>e pnit and pjrcd of hi* 

in— 7 Elu. Tbo biailiogitoijuf hi 

aTTii_/>(iia Pmifliiui 



Lt/» mid ffriimgi of Ckmtapker Marlowe. 


Thn talc, howeter, has quite tt un- 
stable a foundation as many others that 
have been related of him, though his 
biographers, kind souls! hare almost 
universally taken the thing for granted, 
and dismissed poor Christopher to per- 
dition^ like his own Faustus, without 
troubling themselves to inquire into 
the iusuce of his sentence. Let us 
see, however, with whom the charge 
originated. The reader has already 
ficrused the substance of it, in the ex- 
tract from the '* Golden Grove** of W. 
Vaughan, whose puritanical prejudices 
were not calculated to render him very 
nice in his assertions upon any subject 
tonnected with the Drama, since he 
devotes one of his chapters to an in- 
quiry *' whether Stage- playes ought to 
be suffred in a wet-souerned common- 
wealth ;*' and after discussing the ques- 
tion with all the amiable temper and 
impartiality usually displayed by such 
writers upon such subjects, be arrives 
at the sage conclusion, that, " beine 
fraught altogether with scurrilities and 
knavish pastimes, they are utterly into- 
lerable.'* Vaughan, however, was not 
the first relater of the story ; neither 
•was Meres ("Wits* Treasury), as 
stated by the editor of Marlowe, IS26 ; 
both of them havine borrowed it from 
a quarto work called "The Theatre of 
God's Judgments," 15^, written by 
that savage old puritan Thos« Beard, 
who, in his S3d chapter, treating "of 
epicures and atheisu,** gives the fol- 
4owing more circumstantial detail of 
Marlowe's imputed atheistical opi- 
nions, with a description of his death, 
which is so outrageously over-done, 
that it refutes itself, or, if true, merely 
shotvs that he died delirious : 

'*NoC inferior to any in tthe'tsms and 
iinpietie, and equall to all in maaer of pu- 
nisnment, was one of our own natiou called 
Marlin,* by profession a scholler, brought 
vp from his youth in the Vniversitie of Cam- 
brklge, but by practise a play- maker and a 
poet of scurrilttie, who, by gioing too large 
a twinge to his owne wit, and sufieriog hb 
lost to baue the full reines, fell (not with- 
out just desert) to tliat outrage and eatre- 
jDitie, that he denied God and hia sonne 
Christ : aod not onely in word blasphemed 
the Trinitie, but also (as it is credOUy re- 
portedj wrote bookes against it, affirming 
our Saviour to be but a deceiuer, and Motes 
to be but a coniurer and seducer of the peo- 
ple, aod the Holy Bible to be but vaine and 
idle stories, and all religion but a deuiee of 
-polieie. But, see what a booke the Lord 

* la tbe margin the name it given pro- 
r. Mar/owe. 

pat in the aotthrilt of this barking dogge. 
It so fell out» thaty at he porpoted to stab 
oue whom be ought a grudge unto, with his 
dagger, tbe other partie pereeiuing, to auoid« 
ed the ttroke, that withall catching hold of 
hit wrett, he ttabbed hit owna dagger infca 
hit owne head, in tuch tort, that aotwith- 
ttandiag all tbe meanet of eaigtria that 
could be wrought, ha shortly after died 
thtraof { the manner of hb death being a* 
terrible Cj^ Ae ewn cifrtrd and hkufktmitd 
Co Au lut ga^f and togethtr wiih hit breath 
an oath fleio out qf his mouthy that it waa 
not onely a manifint eigne of God'a jadg- 
nent, but alto an honibk and feartfid ter- 
ror to all that beheld him. But herafai did 
tbe jutUoe of God mott notably appeare, in 
that he compelled hb owns oand, which 
had written those blatphemiea, to be the in- 
ttmment to punith him^ and that in hb 
brain, which bad devited the same.'' 

This is the earliest mention of Mar- 
lowe hjf name as a blasphemer; but 
Mr. Collier, in the " Poetical Deca« 
meron," has given an extract from a 
volume printed iu 1594, under the title 
of "The French Academic,^' by T.B. 
(doubtless the Thomas Beard just 
quoted), in which he is evidently al- 
luded to, though covertly, as " a blas- 
phemous hel-hoond.** An edition of 
this book of an earfier date (1589), is 
in my possession, but it has not the 
passage in question. 

Beard's account, as I before re» 
marked, has hitherto passed unques- 
tioned. It has been repeated by nu- 
merous writers, as derived rrom un- 
questionable authority ; and though the 
exact coincidence of their stories, and 
even language, which shows that they 
all resorted to tbe same doubtful source 
of intelligence, ought to have excited 
suspicion and inquiry, the warmest 
admirers of Marlowe's genius have 
been content to believe that, in re- 
ligious matters, he was a sad reprobate. 
Bishop Tanner styles him " a norrible 
and blasphemous atheist;** and Ant. 
Wood, who had little afiection for the 
race of poets, has given universal cur- 
rency to the relation, by contriving to 
introduce it in his " Athensa,'* Art. 
" Thomas Newton,'* where he says, 
that " Marlowe denied Grod and his 
Son Christ, and not only in word 
blasphemed the Trinity, but also, at it 
loat credibly reported, wrote divers 
* Discourses' against it, affirming 
our Saviour to be a deceiver and Moses 
to be a conjuror, and all religion but a 
device of policy. But see the end of 
this person, which was noted by all, 



Lift and IVtil'ingi of Chr'utopher JUarloae. 

I ture now enniacraicd all the lu- 
U>oriii«t from which an uliinaie gf 
Mailowe's noril chaniclvi has been 
lornirdi and il inusi be admitled thai, 
to f«r u bare aucriioa goes, we hsTe 
here a focmidablc boJy of ^iitence 
•gaiiHl itiiiTom Paine oflbE lixteeiilh 
cetilury -, jrd nho tra« crct bcfoie con- 
dcmiwd upon Icslimony so comptciely 
nniiippoiltd by proof, and rcn'lercd >o 
qonlionable by the repuUliuci of ihe 
panics lendering il! Every one knows 
thai the Puriuns grmsly vilified all 

I ihoM who in ouy way <ncoura»ed ihe 
Thcalie I and it was noi jirnbalile ihai 
Mailowe, who, in additioa to beins 
one nf in niait active and tucceMruj 
lupportersi had scTcrely ridiculed their 

' tnaDiien and ailire, would escape their 
malicious asperaioni. Writen, who 
numbered nmong the deadly tins 
healih-diinttin>, haii-corling, dancing, 
church-muiic, and, above all, play- 
writing, would scarcely fail (like many 
Puritans of ourowu day) ' 

premature dealh of sach 
special Diinifeslalion of divine tem- 
gcance. That blarlowe'i life was 
Mmenhat diuoluic, cannot, 1 fear, be 
d««btcd i and ilie language employed 
by Greene, in a lelicr hereafter (jtioled, 
even ivarranis a belief ihai, in hi; 
itiougbtleM momenu, he lometimeg 
(poke lightly upon retiaioiis topics : 
but aa for the Mories of hi« dreadful 

« and palpable exaggerations of the par- 

tends t 

upon the point j 

1 person s 

ties froD 


! mint hesitate 
aHcnt to the probability of their iruih. 
It tbould, iDoreot'er, he observed, thai 
Dot one of (he auihors who accuse 
Uaflowc of writing aeainii religion, 
pretend) lo have leen nis bonk, bui, 
oa ihc mninry, all give the Mory — 
reported," Now, had 

e than hearsay autlioriijr 
t ; hut in the ■■ Athena 
of MylcB Davis, 1716, 
p. 377, there is a curious though somtv. 
what obscure allusion to the lubiecl, 
which thould not be suppretfed. The 
author, after remarking tjist there an 
now circulated " few libels nrArian- 
iiing dogma ticks," adds, " neither be 
there any memorials antngraphal of 
the Aiian blasphemies of the sla;^ 
poet, Chrislopher Marlowe, now a^ 
pearing since I5g3"."' 

1 have, however, a theory upon tbii 
point, lo which I would not be thought 
10 attach undue importance, but which^ 
if allowed lo possess any degree of pro- 
babilily, may perhaps serre lo let the 
i^ueiiian at rest. I surmise, that the 
terrible com [lOii lions whieb nrocurri 
for Marlowe the character of a bli*- 
pliemer, were not argumentative irea- 
tisn, but simply plays and poems I 
Wood, it will have been observed, 
says, in his account of him, ihal he 
" wrote diven discourses ajtainst the 
Trinity." Now it is very probable that 
iheic, aficrnll. were nothing more than 
ihe two parts of " Tamburlainc (he 
Greai," which the bookseller's entry, 
in the Stationers' Regiiler, 15^0, ■* 
well at the tille-page* of the first and 
second editions, siyle *• Tragicall Di^ 
courses," and which abound with bois- 
hasiic speeches, bordering uprm blu. 
phemy; Insomnch that Greene, in his 
mrrod.iciion 10 " Perimides the Blaclc- 
smiih," 1.^88, upbraids the author for 
daring God out of heaven wiih that 
Tambuilaine." 1 will cile bat 



sages. I 

ftmoat a pertonage produced any thing The Gnl thai 

the freedom of tone 
ich the language of the personages 
in thi» tragedy occasionally assumes: 
" Well, Hildlrti, Mihnmet renwini in liell, 
He cinnot hair the loiaa of Tunburlaina. 
godbend lo idon 

(It very improbable, 


of the kirid, 

lyp, impouibic, that it should 
wen known cveu lo his conicmpor.i- 
tic», and ihat lis very name should 
bare aertihcd i Yet who ever met 
wiiJi the slightest (race ofsuch a work, 
either MS, or printed, or any men lion 
of h, Bte in the Fanatical raviniis of 
Beard, and the conipilaiions of those 
wiitcn who, unable or unwilling to 
investigiiie ihc truth of what they re- 
peMeil, have lulTcred themselves to be 
•uSocnced by him ; a circumiiancc n( 
ituir alaMM lafficienl lo prore ihat i( 
Deiec t nh t t J. Mo oaf, I mpear, prc- 

iVan, — if 0711/ Gal." 
Act it. So. 5. 
So, in his " Ovid,'" Lib. iti. Eleg. 3 : 
' God il ■ mma, no laliiUacei feir'd in 

\nd doth the world Id faoA belief deUia. 
3r, iftherabeaODd, haloveifiasii«achei, 
ind itl ibingi too much in their >oIb power 

taller'a catilDgue, Wt,W«aui«i\it«ai!>i\k 
w piocHte th» woiW itaell. ^^ 


Lift and IVrtiingt ofChruiapher Marlowe, 


Acain, Lib. iii. Eleg. 8 : 
** Wben bad fates uke good meny I am 

By Mcret tboughu, to tbink tbtre is i Ood.*' 

Other linn, equally objectionable, 
might l>e adduced, but these will suf- 
:fice to itlustraie my argument; and it 
is needless to swell this article H'ith 
■further quotations from pieces which 
now may readily be referred to. - The 
l>omba8i of the hero of '* Tamburlaine*' 
can scarcely fail to amuse ; but I must 
confess, that expressions occasionally 
occur in that play, which might rea- 
.Fonably pive offence to minds far less 
squeamishly constituted than those of 
Messrs. Beard, Vaughan, and the rest. 
Is ity therefore, byanv means improba- 
ble, that it was this laxity of language 
which mainly contributed to blacken 
Marlowe's reputation ; or that these 
'* Two Tragicall Discourses** M-ere 
transformed by puritanical zeal into 
set discourses agamst religion ? 

The reader, nevertheless, will judge 
for himself of a matter upon which 
perhaps, at this remote |)eriod, and 
with the paucity of matenals we pos- 
sess for forming an opinion, it is im- 
passible to arrive at any positive con- 
clusion. Let me not, however, be 
understood to as«ert that Marlowe was 
wholly free from that dangerous folly 
which esteems free-thinking to be a 
mark of spirit, and which frequently 
tempts men, for the sake of appearing 
witty, to handle sacred subjects pro- 
fanely. Thus far, I fear, he must be 
considered guilty; but, in the total 
absence of satisfactory proof, let him 
not be branded as a cold-blooded sceptic 
—a deliberate, casuistical blasphemer, 
who not only entertained atheistical 
opinions himself, but aimed at shaking 
the faith of others by disseminating 
them in his works. 

Before I quit the examination of 
this point, I must mention that, among 
the papers of ihe Lord Keeper Picker- 
ing, in the British Museum, there is 
preserved a most cnrions manuscript 
relating to MarIowc*s imputed blas- 
phemies, which, with those who are 
inclined to credit the tale, *' may help 
to thicken other proofs, which now 
demonstrate thinly.*' So much of this 
remarkable document as is fii to be 
printed 1 shall transcribe; but some of 
the passages must be omitted, for rea- 
sons which will readily be imagined. 
They who are desirous to peruse the 
whole, may consult that somewhat 
rare trad, the " Obacrvaiioos on War* 

ton's Hist. English Poetry," by Ritson, 
p. 40, where it is given entire. 

" A Note, contayning the ojnnioii of one 
Christopher Marly e, concernynge hit 
Damnable opiaioDs, and Judgment -of 
Relygion, and Scome of God*s worde*. 

" That the Indians, and many Authors of 
Antiquitei, liave assuredly written of abone 
16 thowsand yeeres agone, wher Adam is 
prooed to have leeved w*^ in 6 thoivaand 

*< He aflSrroeth that Moyses was but a 
Juggler, and Uiat one Heriots can doo more 
then hee. 

*< That Moytes made the Jewes to travel i 
fortie yeers in the wildernes, (w*^ iomy 
nigh* have ben don in Lease then one yeer,) 
er they came to the promised Lande, to th£ 
intente that those wfioe wer privei to mosi 
of his subtileteii might perish, and so aA 
ever lastinge suPsUeion remajrne in the hacts 
of the people. 

** That the firste beginnyngb of Religiott 
was only to keep men in awe. 

<' That it was an easye matter for Movsea, 
beinge brought vp in all the arts ot tho 
Egiptians, to abrse the Jowes^ being a rvdt 
and grosse people. 

♦ « « 

<^ Tliat Christ was the ionne of a Gar- 
penter; and that yf the Jewes, amonga 
whome he was borne, did cnreifye him, imi 
liest knew him, and whence he came. 

•< That Christ deserved better to die then 
Barabas ; and that the Jewes made a good 
choyce, though Barabas were both atneila 
and a murtherer. 

<* That yf ther be any God or good lU- 
ligirm, then it is in the papists, becavae tba 
service of god is PTurmed wt^ more ceremo- 
nyes, as elevac*on uf the masse. Organs, 
singioge men, shaven crownes, &c. That all 
protestants are hypocritall asses. 

** That yf he wer put to write a new re- 
ligion, he wnlde vndertakc both a more ex- 
cellent and mure admirable method ; maA 
that all the new testament is filthely written. 
*- * ^ 

« That all thei that love not tobacco and 
boyes, ar ftmlps. 

** That all the Aupostels wer fishermea 
and base fellowes, neither of witt nor worth. 
Tlmt Pawle only had witt. That he was a 
tin;erous fellow, in biddinge men to be aub- 
iect to rosffistrates, against liis conscience. 

'* Tliat he had at good right to coyne, ai 
the Queen of £D«!Und ; and that he wai 
ncquHinted w*^ one Poole, a priiocer in New- 
gate, whoe hath great skill in mixture of 
mettals ; and, havinge learned aomt thingi 

* Tills title is partly crossed out, and thi 
following substituted : 

** A N<»te, delin'ed on whitson eve latt» 
of the most horreble blasphemes vttered by 
X'pofer Marly, who w«Ua Kj dayca after < 
to % s«dMa lui feax&dV «aid oC Ilia Ufa.*' 

Li/e and if'tilinsi of Chratoplier Marh 



of Ilia, lir It. — ,.-..-„ 
■UiDBc-oukrt, Ui eiiine tnacii 
Lolftu. wni Eugl'tbe Shilling.. 

'• TliM jfChiiM Imt inHitiiwJ tlie 
n(nu ■"' more Htemoojmll levereoce, 
*nU htn lira iiad In more ».lmltM on ; lli 
il •n.M* l«« ben muth bsller, being »iln 
eiiMred in m Tob»cco-pjp«. 


peer he maj ih'tnk of my humble at'^ 
tcin|il 10 vilidicalc the porl's (iinii>. will 

nol rorrn liis coneliisiiiiH wiiliniit dc- 
liberairl; rcperming aiiiI miii|iariiig 
the cfitli'itcra upon which ihe chirKe 
hai becit grounded ; disiiaiiionaicty 
weighing the probabilily or ihe geveral 
natriiivM ; and, aboTC all, liking into 
full CO [i side rail on ihecirctiitiitHncc ihat 
lie who finl bioach«<l ihe tjle whicFi 

i>>k nun; otbcr, iliftll. Iij 
nan, be provetl In bg )iii 
>D (peecliet ind ihut tbii 
p'lHuaeLb men ta Ailie- 
e, nillioge tbem not to be ifr.jed of liug- 
beVHudlwbeiibliiu; md t««lj jcnrojnge 
belli U»l nd iiii in'inlnen, u I, RicliBrd 
Bmik "ill jiMtifj, hntb by mj nihe mnii tbe 
tallainDj nfin»oy hoMit nwo; «nd, >lminl 
■n mm 1^ wbinne be h><f conveRcd iinv 
tjBie, will wilef)- the ttme. Anil, « 1 
lliiDht, all men in cbtliliinlei oogbl to en- 
iator Ami ih« mouth of lu dinBeruui ■ 
■lemlwt nuij be itopped. 

" He njctb, moteou', thit he bath 
rtnud % nombd of contmiictici out of the 
t hath eeeven in mmt 

a tb.11 b< 
" RycH- 


Who or what this Richard B^me 
was, it ii now uselcsi to inquire; bul, 
sccoiJiiig; 10 the Editor of Marlowe's 
yrarki {tS'iiG), the Slalioners' licgisier, 
p. 3l6, iliows thai he wai hanged at 
I Tfbaro on ihc 6ih Dec, 1:194. He 
' wit appatcnily tome pitiful culprit. 
who move lo nvett puniihmcnl Jrom 
himielf by becoming ihc accuser of 
ulbers; or tome caniins, maligiiatit 
icoaudrel, ivho«e enmi); Mailowe liaJ 

CruTokH, ■nd who aimed at wreaking 
i$ revenge u|Mm him by that commun 
leKMitcc of weak mindi, the liUckrning 
bii Bd»er»ary'i character, crafllly com- 
bining a rhsrve of jiolilical deiiuqociicj 
with one of moral impiludc. The 
urokc of file, liawevcr, in[cr|»tcd be- 
Ittceo Ilia veiij^eance add hil viclim, 
and Mirtowc perished by a less linger- 
ing doum lh»n was inlenJed for tiim 
b*thi* laociilied tlandeier. 
'Utiinil now espreiied iny onininn 
netiy fully tipti the queiiiuii uf Mtir- 

lawe^i impiilKd bliuphen 
" • -a ofler upon 

-ral llul the 

I, I have 

' Of-iniil* to thk pun^nnh lliere i 
•nitWD ID the iiiifgin, in ■ different bind 
"\r u Htyd /liTf" which RlUon lUiiJiniet t 
n»w, Uut L:ii>,laitll< h*d ber-n teat »Ac/ U 

e and vindictive Piiriian. l^i him 
call In uitnd the rancnrons malifiiiiiy : 
di5|ilaycd by the membert of iKai in- 
lolerunl tcct iowar<ts ihme who ditiin- 
giiiahed ihemsche:! by encouraging ibe 
aril which imparl (trace aitd elegance I 
to lociciy; and, above all, lowsrdi I 
ihoae who ii|illelil ihe enormilics of 
the DrAina. Let lijm recollect of frhal 
exlrai'sgHiiciet this same ipirit, some- 
times dormant, but never e:tlinct, hat 

our limet, when ibe conflagration of 
one theaiie has been tiylcd from the 
pulpil a iialional blessing, and the sud- 
den downfall of another described (in 
a strain of impious bufToonery) aa the 
iriumphanl issue of a conleit between 
ihe Dciiy and ihe Evil Principle for 
the poftsnsion of itt site"; nben a 
wriicr, who probably would feel of- 
feniled at being ictmeil a fanatic:!! fonl, 
has ventured to ns=ert, in print, that 
■■ thouiands of unhappy spirits, and 
IhousandB vet to increase ihe ntimber, 
will look hack with nnutiemble an- 
guish (in the nii;hls ut^.d days in wliicit 
the plays of Shakapearc ministered tO 
their euiliv delighiifl" Lei hiin nsb 
himself wncthcr a writer capable of 
seriously, and perhaps contcii'ntioiitly, 
pi omul all ins such a leniimeni at tin*, 
would heiiiaie in gni Mep fiiriher, and 
blacken by any inean^ in bit power 
the moral character of (he author whose 
wiiiings he »o earnesily decries) Or 
whether he would not deem ibe in- 
veuiinn of any libel, having a tendency 
to deter meii from the peru»l of ibeui, 
a mere pious fraud — u pitcc of com- 
mendable duplicity i That Beard, with 
whom originutrd ihe ehargca againit 
Aljrlowi-, reduined and acud tomb 
what after ibli fi»hion, is n>v firm 
conticlion ; bul ihe reader, who has 
now before him all iht< accessible laii- 
tciialt wheieou 10 furiu an opinion. 
will diipasaiondtely weigh ihe prohabl- 

• Sce"T1wG™und of ilie Tlieatre," by 
ibe /ten. n. Smith. Iflt4. 

t " Eelcctle ««Mew." Vo\. W. 'St. 



Walk ikrough tht Highlands. 


UUet, pro and con, and assent or demur 
to the correct ness of my concluiion, at 
bis judgment may determine. 

Jamks Brouohtoit. 
(To be continued.) 

Walk through thb Highlands. 

{QmtiHMed from VoL zcix. ii./>.4870 

THE following morning something 
of our listlessnets remained ; but, 
after breakfast, thanks to the town- 
crier, with his red coat and his drum, 
things seemed to brighten upon us. 
Through the kindness of my friend 

I had received letters of intro- 

dnction to Mr. Owen, one of the pro* 

Erietors of the Cotton Mills at New 
Anark, objects well worthy of atten- 
tion* and which cannot be inspected 
unless by persons made known m this 
way to one of the manaeers. We 
found Mr. Owen at the mills, and re* 
otived from him CTcry civility. He 
informed us that, at the present time, 
between two and three thousand people 
were employed at the manufactory. 
But a very considerable share of his 
attention seemed to be directed to the 
Schools, forming part of the establish* 
meat, one consisting of three hundred 
bars, the other of the same number of 
girla. He did not appear to follow ex* 
actly the system or Lancaster or Dr^ 
Bell, but rather united the two, in 
expecution, I suppose, of improring 
upon both. The Lancasterian system, 
however, appeared to me to be the 
basis ; and we saw the boys go through 
their manoeuvres, by the sound of the 
monitor's whistle, with much precision. 
Mr. Owen seemed altogether to disap- 
prove of the system of punishment or 
reward. Not so the master; for, in 
the corner, we observed a delinquent 
with some ticket of disapprobation 
pinned to his sleeve, at which our 
conductor ap()eared considerably an- 

The establishment is of thirty years* 
standing. Formerly, the people era- 
ployed were notorious for their extreme 
dissoluteness of manners and immo- 
rality; now, according to our in- 
formant, they are as remarkable for the 
opposite qualities. Many new regu- 
lations have been lately introduced. 
Amongst others, ihey have a public 
table, and a shop within the premises 
for the sale of all necessary articles of 
food and clothing. These innovations 
Hrere at first very obnoxious, aod ac- 
"dingly resisica; but the people are 

at length not only reconciled to them, 
but fully aware of their advantages. 

I was given to understand that the 
employment amongst the cotton was 
not so unhealthy as generally supposed * 
and we saw a machine, latelv invented. 
Cor removing the most injurfous part of 
the process. The women ana sirls 
employed, with few exceptions, kmied 
healthy and smarL 

The machinery was of fir, a good 
deal of it foreign, and appeared in ex- 
cellent order. In ilie lower atones are 
for^ for iron and brass-work, some of 
which had an excellent polish, and 
was well worked. Indeed erery thing 
appeared well regulated and most com* 

The noise of the machinery is dis- 
tressingly loud, and, on the onuide of 
the muU, resembles that of the Falls, 
for which it might easily be mistaken* 
Close to the mills a minor fall presents 
itself, which, ia England, would be 
deemed very pretty, perhaps magnifi- 
cent, and ornamented most carefully. 
Sometimes, however, there is a de- 
ficiency of water. 

Mr. Owen has an excellent house 
in the neighbourhood of the mills, in 
a beautiful situation, surrounded- by 
somewhat lofty hills, and which are 
planted in very good taste. 

We started (walking) firom our inn 
at Lanark at half- past two, taking the 
road to Hamilton. This was oar fint 
day of walking, and I still did not 
quite like the idea of the knapuck at 
my back ; I therefore carried my tjs- 
dependent in wj hand to the end of 
the town. I think my companion had 
the magnanimity to put his in the 
proper piace at starting. We had not 
proceecied far before we came within 
sound of the Fall of Stony Byers, on 
our right, a steep path leading down to 
it from the road. This fall is said to 
be only fifty-eight feet; yet it struck 
me as being superior in grandeur to 
any I had yet seen. Hitherto art had 
united with nature, and we had walk- 
ed to Corra Lynn and Boniton through 
shady avenues, and on gravel walks, 
without a weed. Here Nature reigned 
supreme, and certainly appeared to 
greater advantage when unassisted and 

The afternoon was delightfully plea- 
sant, and we lingered some time under 
the shade of beech aod alder, while 
my companion sketched the Fall. We 
rc-aacended by the steep path to iht 
road, wVucVi «uU cwiUimmm very pic- 

n',iti lliioM^fh iht UighlanUt. 


r Rom. Tlii-rc 

!, ninding bj itie Uiiiks of ihe 
Cljtfr, ami ifforaing a moat (lelightful 
(iflwarihc tunffing wooiti «nd river. 
At>>ui four mifei on ihe right, we 
ume ID 1 ncit home, belonging lu 
CotoDct Gortlon ; anil, about the mine 
iliiunce onwutls, to a cjiile of l^nl 
Sieinioit'i, the lalMt mot pleaunily 

We urireil it Hamilton at half-pist 
Ktca, ihirtiy, ind Eomewhjl fatigued ; 
and on the following morning (Sunday) 
pioceedcil ihrougli rain to the Palace, a 
Troeralile pile or buililing, in some 
tlrgree reaeitibling Holyrocid- house. — 
The piciutcs arc really iu|ie[b, and it 
a dccKledly the linl oJlcciiuii in Scoi- 
IimI. Wc were principally uturk with 
a pBintiDs of Ujniel in the Lion's 
Deo. byltuU-iiii by ionic inimitable 
Dutch palming!, and by 
ape^OMiii ol' ^ali " 

arc also tlttny CXOCUcni ihiihbub, y^^ 

licnUrly one of the Earl of Denbigh. 

'Die drawing-room, in which the 
chitf piclurca ate disposed, ii citreiiiely 
Biagnificeni, and a hundred and twenty 
r«t in length. At the further end n 
a ihroDC ntcrimton and gold, with the 
toyal a/mi, which had arcompanied 
the Duke of Hamilton wh«n aiubasia- 
dor to Russia. Thii tnperb throne 
addi much to the magniticeiice of the 
nwni, which, iioiwilhiunding iti size, 

fumiiurc thtoughont ihc Pjl.tce ii ex- 
trctoely handsome, aod it coniaina 
Mmc of lh« most elegant cjbineti I 
CTcf Mw. From the windows we had 
a *ieir of Chatelherauli. ut the distance 
of about two miles, built for a hunllDg 
»«»1, which a))peared lo be very plea- 
Ma itj alluatcd, and comnMndcd, a> wc 
were informed, a moit enchanting 
protpeet. The ground and ptemisrs 
immcdijicly adjoining tlie Puuce did 
not appear in the best order, but the 
puk i» rery fine, and containi many 
noble ticca. 

We had walkeil about thtee mites 
on our way from Hi 

(o put on clean in the Eirk-porch. 
We had heavy showcn the whole of 
the wav, and arrived at Glasgow about 
four. Both chaises and horses, on ihia 
road, appeared to be pi-fuiinrly good. 

TlicCatlicilial of Glasgow has a fine 
and very venrrabli: appearance, parti- 
cularly striking in Scntland, where m> 
few of these edifices remain { but, on 
entering its doors, otjr veneration wat 
by no ineana increased. The Church 
ii now divided into two places of wor- 
ahip by the Presbytery, one of them 
lately filled up with new deal pewa 
and wainscoting, ill according with 
Ihe other parts of the building. The 
imell from the new wood was very 
uiifpiicopai, and rather aerved te re- 

He>rd >t CM 

Milled by ci . __. 

Tlirougli the |irt«i'd nntril, ipecUclc be- 

The principal window is ornamented 
by some modern painted glass, sent 
from London about twoye.ira since. 

Under the guidance of a friendly 
lii'liBpole wc visited the Canal, in 
wliicti were icveral large vessels ; the 
Lunatic Asylum, a handsome and 
comniodioui building; and the Ob- 
aerratory, which is furnished with ex- 
cellent inslrninenlji. Wc alio CTiplored 
the Infirmary, of three hundred beds. 

The Colleg ■ 

and really collegiate appearance, i 
respect diflering altogether frooi 
at Edinburgh. In the Courts at Glaa- 


night fancy ourarlvei 
It Caiubiidge. The boitding 


. when 

iTliage, and 

nvey u 

ID GtauFow. 

Wc ioon oroiaeil a bri.lKc o^cr the 
Clyttr, witere one uaaccu&iomrd to 
iMuuiili manners would haie been 
BMpriacil at the tight of two smart 
hiMM, i>n their ivay to Kirk, in v«v 
ha<MlliHiHJ while gowns and yellow silk 
tfttittn, iMt wiihnai shoes or stuek- 
iap— u leoil on ibeir fcril Probably 
_rtlu,.hinf. jfif" ^ theii pockeii, ready 

of two quadrangles. At the end 
of the second is the edifice built for 
Dr. Hunter's Museum. This Court is 
open on one aide to grounds, which are 
neat, and ornamented by several hand- 
some trees. The class-roomj for the 
siudcnt* in humanity arc apacious, and 
apppeared newly fittcil up. Particular 
bcnchet are ticketed with the name of 
the clat» which occupies ibcm. The 
academical dress constsit of a red gown- 
Tbe Professor's reading-room is a good- 
■iied, handaomc, and very coaiforiable 
apiitlmeol, adorned by aome good |Kir- 
trails~onc of their ereat benefactor 
Dr. Homer. The Library is a light 
and elegant building ; »nd, altogether, 
wc were much gratified by 

In the Museum, the anntomical pre* 

C rations are Invaluable ^ the ni\\\ci«,V& 
autilul, and la exceUcnV oiAct. 
this loom may Vm uea wiq 

IjKd Fiiit to Uke Highlands.-^Founder of ilu ThealrUal Fund. [Pd^. 

letteri, one from- Dr. Franklin, the 
oiher from General Washington. The 
far-famed Medals can only be seen in 
the presence of three Professors; and 
here my letters of introduction were 
very serviceable. 

After bidding adieu to these gentle- 
men, we put ourselves under the di- 
rection- of Cameron, the janitor, and 
iospecied the process for singeing 
muslin. The muslin is made to pass 
quickly over a red-hot iron cylinder, 
also in motion, and thus its superflui- 
ties and asperities are- removed. It 
comes away discoloured, but is after- 
wards taken to the bleach- Beld, and 
there obtains its snowy whiteness. 
. . It was now too fate to think of 
walking to Dumbarton, yet we found 
it very disagreeable to spend another 
night in Glasgow. After a hasty re- 
past, therefore, we made with all haste 
for the steani-l:oat, which was to sail 
for Greenock between five and six. 
We embarked on board the Princess 
(Charlotte, and were speedily at Dun- 

Duiiglass is about three miles from 
Dumbarton, and from hence we had a 
very pleasant walk, as the evening was 
uncommonly fine, though very cool. 
The rocks to the right of the road are 
extremely fine, and tne first appearance 
of the Castle very sirikinz. 

On the morning of Wednesday, the 
10th, some slight showers did not pre- 
vent us from visiting the Castle. From 
the Church-yard the Ilock has a noble 
appearance, but the buildings on it are 
but insignificant. They are by no 
means imposing except from their si- 
tuation, which is altogether very grand, 
the hill, disjoined from all others, rising 
from an immense plain. Under the 

f guidance of a soldier, we ascended a 
ong and laborious flight of steps to the 
batteries, where the nrst wonder was a 
miserable troui in a well. This 6sh 
was nearly new to its prison-house. 
Its predecessor had lived in It for thirty 
years. We ascended still further, to the 
summit of the lower division. From 
this point there is a most extensive 
and varied view of the Clyde and the 
adjoining country. In a clear day 
it is possible to see Glasgow. When 
we visited Dumbarton it was hazy, 
and the view rendered much less mag- 
nificent from the absence of the tide ; 
yet we thought we discovered Ben 
Lomond. Near to this spot is a sniull 
building, in which General St. Simon 
9rM bome time confined. 

Wc descended a little, in order to 
come at the steps leading to the higher 
pinnacle, where a small party of the 
7 1 Ft were on parade. 

Our last sizht was the celebrated 
sword of Sir William Wallace, kept in 
the Guard- Room, and which, hke the 
dirk of Hudibras, might be used either 
for civil or warlike purposes. We here 
left our friend the soldier, and were 
down in the plain in a few seconds. 

Am Old Subscriber. 
(To he continued.) 

Mr. Urbak, ^'orton;lrtet. Port- 
* land-place, 

THK high and merited reputation 
which your excellent Magazine 
has maintained from its origin, renders 
it. a duly in your readers to correct any 
mistake of which it may have been the 
medium. Your corre»|K)ndent W. P. 
(in your January Number) has no doubt 
stated exactly what Garrick said at 
Hampton \ but the word *' establish- 
ment * admits of a doubtful meaning; 
and it might be inferred that Garrick 
was the original founder of the Thea- 
trical Fund. Now, Sir, the real founder 
of the Theatrical Fund was Mr. Thomas 
Hull, a learned man and a respectable 
actor. The Theatrical Fund originated 
at Coven t Garden Theatre, and a year 
or two afterwards was adopted at Drury* 
lane Theatre, and Mr. Garrick wrdte 
and spoke an Address in support of it» 
which 1 had the pleasure of hearinic, in 
his latter days. By dcbire of Mr. Riclw 
ards, formerly scene-painter at Covent 
Garden Theatre, on the death of Mr. 
Hull, I wrote the following Epitaph, 
which is placed on his tombstone in 
the Church-yard of St. Margaret's, 
Westminster : 


« Ou tbe late Thomas Hull, Etq. Founder 

of The Theatrical Fund. 
*< Hull, loug respected in his Scenic Artt 
On life's great stage sustain'd a virtuous part ; 
And, some memorial of his zeal to show 
For his luv*d art, and shelter age from woe^ 
He form*d that noble fund which guards kis 

£ml>alm*d by Gratitude, enshrin'd by FaiM. 

Mr. Garrick might reasonably re- 
joice that he adopted, and by his great 
talents supported, so benevolent an 

I am, Mr. Urban, your friend and 
admirer, John Taylor. 

P. S. It is somewhat surprising that, 
at the anniversary celtrbrations, tlic 
name of Mr. Hull is ae«er mentioned. 

[ 129 ] 


B/nrdt of CapL Clapprrtm'i tail Erpedi' 
Hna fu Africa. By RicKard Lanilcr, hU 
failk/al Allemlml, and Iht oitfy lurviriiig 
Utmbft ^Iht EiptdUian. It'ilh the lub- 
jrqimf AdvrBlurn of the Aalhar. > i>ob. 
potf ew. Col bum. 

WHKN wc icflcct on ihe many 
ga)Unl loula, slimululeH |jy llle 
dtrinjt ipirii nf adiciiiure, ivhir have 
|)cri>hcd in ihi« inhospiisblc and inor- 
iirrroin ponion of ihe glnbrj — when 
w« r«cah lo mind ihe lll-rmcd dcs- 
tinin of Park, Bclzoni, Dcnhani, 
L«in$, and innumerable olhen, whosc 
DjRic* will be einhi|incd in ihc rccol- 
Icciioni of an adinirinf; pniirniv i — 
and, finftllv, when ihe daunitess Cl»p- 
petion and all lii> enlerpiisiiig compa- 

ha*e ihtted ihe fale of iheir prede- 
ceuon in ihc »ame perilmii career,— 
, wc cannut bul feel a deep ihouali mc- 
^ bncholy inlereit in ihe dewilt con- 
prcted wilh the above expediiion. 
Thcrare wrillen in ihe mosi unassjm- 
ing manner, and bear in every line the 
leiy impreai of iroih. Ciinsideritig 
th« lubordinaic capacity in which ihe 
wftler was engaged, il ii really a mal- 
irr of turprije ihal he shniild hare exe- 
cuted ihe task of producing iheie vo- 
lumM with lo much graphic abilily; 
bul it i* evident ihil hi> lalcnis were 
^ lir beyond the capacity of a menial, 
lb*Uih hii enierpriiing ipirit induced 

nbic, thai niiRhl gratify hii ardent 
thinl for foreign adienmrc and useful 
dtMwrtry. In coiifirmaiion nf ihia we 
hare only lo advert to hia late appoint- 
rneni by Governmeni lo explore the 
Niger, tccompanicd by hii broiher, us 
iUi«d in P' 64 of our last Magazine. 

In • neal " Skelch of ihc AHlhor's 
Life," prefixed lo iheae *' RecotdB," 
hit fint inimdociion lo and enssRe- 
ntnt wilh Capl. Clappeiion, are ihui 
briefly auied. Il ihowt the «eil and 
dannlleia ardour wilh u hich Mr. 
Lander entered upon ta perilous an 
»p«4ili«n, ihough in direct oppoii- 
lion lo ihc wUhei of hli friends and 

niognii, lod termlDiitioD, of llie iD^iterlaiu 
Niger; aod the siwmpt coiacidinR eisclly 
with tnj loog-cheriihed wiiliei, I lojlaolly 
wilWrl upon the lute CipUm dupperton, 
irho I nu told tu tn lie plond n \u linH, 
■nd nprrsBRl tii thiC Lrita and luiriled uffi- 
eer the great ^wfitom I felt to become a 
pailv, haitevrr buciible, to tba nioel and 
lii»rdan> yorietuking into which he »a) 
■boat to enter. Tlie Captain llitcned to 
oie wilh BtleDtiiiD, and aftir I hud aiiiweied 

view tlie lueo, penetrating eye nf the Afti- 

■nd hj iti fire, enerp, and quIctnOH, de- 
noted Jn m, own opinbn at le«.l llie very 
loul of enterpriie Bod adrenture. 

In pursuance of his cngaftement. 
Ml. Lander shortly a fier left the Me- 
Iropoli) with Copt. Clappennn for 
PorlsiDDDlh, being ihen in the iwrniy- 
firsl year of his age. On ihe 27lh of 
Augiiil, 1825, they embarked in the 
Brjzen sloop of war, along with the 
other assnclaies of ihe niisilnn, con- 
sisiing of Cnpl. Pearce, R.N.j Dr. 
Morrison, a Navy surgeon ; Dr. Dick- 
ion, a Soolch surgeon; Colombus, a 
West Indian mtilalto, who had accom- 
panied Major Denham in the previous 
jnurney; nml Patku, a black native of 
Hou;s], who was lo acl as interpreter. 
The ei[)ediiion arrived at Ca|>e Coast 
on ihe 14th of November, and sailed 
for Cape Castle on ihe i7th. Afler 
louching al Whydah, they came to ad 
anchor in Bodagry Roads on the SBlh. 

" The day afler the arrivj of the Brazen 
at Badagry (fajt Mr. Lander], the gentle- 
men of the minion and the oSicen of the 
.hip I 


the Utter were deeply affected, at with a 
faltering voice and agiuwd maaner they 
breathci] their hupei that success might at- 
tend ihe pcritoui undertaking to whicli their 
eol«rpri)iog friends h>(f >i> willinfrly deroted 
themselvH. There was tomelhing so min- 
ing in the pathetic spectacle nf Englighmeo 

lution and stubborn IndinreDce <•{ Brl^h 

130 Review. — Ijander* 8 Records of Clapper iorCs Expedition, [Feb. 

officers combftting with the tenderer and 
more amiable feelinga of human naturt, 
that I myself conld with difficulty stifle my 
emotion; and to dispel the gloom which 
hung upon my roindi I bade tne officers a 
hasty and respectful adieu* and shaking 
hands with many of the honest seamen on 
deck, I sprang into a canoe that lay along- 
side the Brazen, and as two of the natives 
were rowing it towards the shore, I took 
the opportunity of playing * Over the hilU 
mid far atvoy,* on a small bugle horn which 
I had brought with me. This elicited the 
admiration of the sailors of the ship, and I 
landed amidst the hearty cheers and accla- 
mations of them all.*' 

After crossing the river Formota, 
about a mile in width, the iravellere 
arrived at Badagry, where they re- 
mained till the 97tn of December, be- 
ing comfortably accommodated at the 
dwelling of Mr. Houtson, who had 
previonsiy resided at this place. On 
quitting Badagry, they be^an to ex- 
perience the dimculties and extreme 
miseries of African travelling. 

"Captain Oapperton having borrowed 
the horse of a Badagrian chief, lie and Mr. 
Houtson agreed to ride him in turns. We 
took a short route across the country, whilst 
Captain Pearce and Dr. Morrison proceeded 
to Dagnoo by a safer but more circuitous 
road. It was evening when we left Book- 
har, and it soon becoming darky we had to 
grope our way on a narrow foot path, wind- 
ing through a gloomy dismal forest, and 
rendered almost impervioiu toman or beast, 
except on the beaten track, by reason of 
thick entangling underwood. To add to 
our misery, Captain Clspperton became so 
painfully gstlnl in consequence of ridine on 
the back of a lean horse without a saddle^ 
that he preferred walking the remainder of 
the way, although wesring only slippers; 
these were soon lost, and he was obliged to 
limp a considerable distance barefooted, so 
that his feet were swollen, and blistered 
dreadfully, and Ufore reaching; Isaku were 
literallv bathed in blood." P. 57. 

**The roads being rendered almost im- 
passable, in consequeoce of the rains that 
had fallen the preceding night, it was not 
without experiencing considerable difficulty 
that we could pursue our journey. The 
mud and water reached, in some places, al- 
most to the horses* shoulders ; and Daw- 
son,* who was ill with ague, was unable to 
retain his seat on the animal's back, and 
fell three or four times in the mire, till he 
became so much exhausted by struggling to 
regain his seat, that, in despair, he at last 
flnng his arms only across the horse*s back ; 
and panting with his exertions, was in this 

* Ad English seaman, who had been en- 
fngedat BMdsgrjr ms srrruit to Ur. Morribon. 

manner dragged to a considerable dtatnice. 
At eleven o^ock we arrived at ihe village of 
Egbo ; and after partaking of a sTight re- 
freshment, each of tts being indispoaed in • 
greater or less degree, we stretched our- 
selves at full length on our mate* in the 
hope of obtaining • little sleep. Dawson , 
however, was taken dreailfuUy ill^ and his 
moanings of distress prevented me from 
closing my eyes. He pronounced the names 
of his wife and children, whom he had left 
in England, with a bitter emphasis, and re- 
proached himself repeatedly with biiving de- 
serted them, to perish miserably in a strange 
coootry." P. 74, 

Durine his agonies poor Dawson 
swallowed a dose from a phial, by 
mistake, which caused his immediate 
dissolution. Captain Pearce and Dr. 
iVIorrison soon after fell Tictims to ex- 
cessive fatigue and the baneful in* 
fluence of the climate. 

After experiencing innumerable di^ 
(iculties, the remainder of the party 
arrived at Katunga, the capital of Ya- 
riba, on the i5th of Jan. 1826, where 
they remained seven weeks, the King, 
on various frivolous pretences, refut- 
ing to ^rant them permission to de* 
part. The account which Mr. LaiMler 
gives of the manners and customs of 
the inhabitants, when residing there* 
is very amusing. 

On the 6th of March the tratellen 
left Katunga ; but Mr. Houtson, on 
account of ill health, was left behind, 
and died after a few days' illness— -the 
party being thus reduced to two Eofo- 

Cans only, Capt. Clapperton and Mr. 
mder. On quitting the Yaribean 
territories, they passed through several 
villages which had been burnt by the 
Falatalis, a powerful and increasing 
tribe, who are, at the present time» 
desolating the interior of this part of 
Africa, l)y conquest and spoliation. 
Some of these Falatahs profess the 
Maliommeclan faith, and some wor- 
ship idols, like the natives themselves, 
whilst others have no outward form of 
religion at all. Many of them are for 
ever wandering from place to place, 
like the Bedouin Arabs, and olhert 
spend a tranquil existence in the occn- 
pntions of pasturage and aj^ricahure. 
Several arc suspected of stirring up the 
minds of the people against their rulera, 
and treated accordingly with as mnch 
contumely and disrespect as the Jews 
in some countries of Europe. 

The expedition pasted through 
Wow Wow, the metropolis of 9 pro- 
vince of the same name, in the em- 

1830.] RiviBW. — Lander'3 Hecorili of Oapperlon 

piiv of Borghoo, which U goifrn- 
rd hy MoliimiDed, ■ Munulmnn, 
tironglv addicied lo lupcfililion, but 
of miltl and unssaumiTig manner*. 

Wow Wow. ibc »piul of which, 
called iilso Bouua, ii siluaicd on an 
iitind in ihe riter Niger, or mote pro- 

Erly ihe Quorra, about three milei in 
»^h, aud one in bceidth. Il is 
chicnr remarkable ai the place where 
ihe cnterpriiing Pjrk and hi* conipa- 
nions expericKceil their mcUticholy 
fate. Our trairellen look some pain* 
loatccriiin the parllculuraorhisdraih, 
and 10 recover if pouible hia journal 
and napen ; but it appears ihil they 
had all Wn dctitoyed, or conveyed no 
one knew whilhert aud the iahobil- 
ani> were eiiremel; leterrcd on liie 
•ubjcct. The following apfiean (o be 
the aiott authentic vertioa of the ilis- 
mal fioT7 of the desthi of Park and 
.Martin, which Mr. Lander wai able 

ErpedUinn. |,tt 

chii ■j'lnbal not twiiij; uadantoal bj tils 
p«np1s of BouiiL the). coDliDued firing ar- 
rowi, till [lioy vera jointd by ch* .liola 


unni'iriib Im S 
11^ (iriaee. ' 

>, fuhrr 

1 thfDi to liuUh 
a»-l thiough (he eoyowy bj land. 
ianeul of pntceeding dann the Quona to 
l)w (Bit mini ebMrrin^, that the penpis 
■ohabftidif tha iaiuidt and bordeTi of the 
livct B«r* famcioiu iH their ounnen, ud 
■Duld not aufCei tbai/ eanae lu proceed 
mtfaoQI luving tint rifled it of iti coalenti, 
aid capoMid them to nery gpeciej of indig- 
nity aad buull! toi ihet if their livei were 
•pued. Uwy aguld inUliUy be deuioed u 
Jmumu: iluu. Thii oil rvpoit »•■ con- 
tidcrvd ■• the vfFrct of jaalouty mid pceju- 
din I and, durr|:trdiD^ the prudent couaiel 
uf Ut* Sultaa of VoMri, the ill-fBted adveo- 
Mmti praeaeded doan the Quorn u fu m 
tb* ieluid of Boaiea. from whcoce their 
UnBC*-lo*liiae «no« wai oUerverl by ana 

btaiixbt DBinbFH of Uiaii c 

•d>lth b 


of the Fal>Mht 

[•opb of BsuHi. nho hail only heatil of 
tbii nrlika nation, lucied Mr. Hark and 

Engliihnitn, with the hiecb lliey had witb 
them, kept firing unceuingly aniaqgiE tha 
muhitude on ttiare, killing manv, ud 
wounding n (till greeier number, ilfl ilieit 
immiinilion being expended, and ueiog 
ei-erjf hope of life cat off, they threw their 
goodi overboard ; and deiiiinz their ubia 
uiiilanu to »tlui toward, the beach, lacked 
lllemieliei firndy In each other', irnii, end 
.pringing into the water, initwilly lenk, and 
were uever teen again." 

Our author relates a curioui adven- 
ture which look place ot the city of 
Wow Wow with a widow lady of 
Arab exIroclioQ named Zutna, who 
was imineaaely rich, and pciisessed 
of JO much ioduence, that >he had 
even aspired at the govern men I, by 
Biiempling lo depose her lovereign. 
This lady, who was greatly celebrated 
for ihe pln^uidity of her peoon, and 
WM a perfect bcuuty, according ii> 
Africau UDlions, became desperately 
enamoured of Mr. Landeri and on liii 
rejecting her ardent suit, ihe made 
overiurei lo his ma*ler — a circiim- 
itanee which Involved the panics in 
some troubles with the reigning sove- 
reign, who was extremely jealous lest 
such ia alliance might endanger his 
throne! Mr. Lander's description of 
this sable Venus ii Iruly amusing. 
"Poor widow Zuma, (he edclaims) I 
atuioil fancy I tee her now, waddling 
into our houie, a movini; world of 
flesh, puiTingand blowing likea black- 
smith s bellows, and the very pink and 
essence of African fiuhion." 

On the 23d of December, after a 
wearisome journey from Kano of 
nearly a month. Lander reached Soc- 
caloo, the celebrated capital of the 
Falaluhs, where Capi. Clappedon had 
a heady arrived tome lime previous. 
This place has been very much en- 
larged by the presetjl Sultan Ijello, and 
appears to be the mcDt important 
- ■'-- ■ ■ of Africa. The 


« of taking iboir towu, and 
inhabitants. Vaitt this 
tatpMeinn, they uluted tlit uofoituaale 
EagliahBeB frum llw bcMih with ihnwtii ol 

Is the < 

d by the 

that SI 
tah ei 

targe a 
thai of Kano, 1 
treble the aiuou 

e Utter with ■ dItchiiEe of latter city lo coDtnin lony tho 
mall whit* fls ^*^ «™ WJOli, the aggregate number of 


jpital of the Fala- 
ot indeed cnconi- 
:ion of ground as 
its population ia 
and allowing the 
forty thousand 

biiania in boccntoo will be one 
dred and twenty thoo'm 


Rbvibw.— Bacon's Lift and Time* of Francis 1. 


marriigie put uneontradieted. Hmv'mg dit- 
chtrg«d tnia doty to her eoiuetenoe, she 
Manned the nonestic hebii." 

The people took all this patiently, 
and 80 did the English with regard to 
Catharine ; bat did they do so in the 
aflfairof the late Queen Caroline, where 
the auestion of solvent or bankrtipt 
morality was far more deeply impli* 
eated ? Bnt in ihoae days, ** fishing in 
troubled waters** often ended in drown- 
ing; and now such fishers can swira^ 
nor is it any other than real benefit to 
society that the people should be able 
to value and exhibit moral feelings, for 
upon these depend happiness and the 
well-being of families. 

Wolsey's ejaculation— <' If I had 
served my God as faithfully as I have 
done my kin|;/* &c. has been much 
admired, aiKl is an ejaculation very just 
for the cat*s-paw of a sovereign, who 
was a despot and a voluptuary, and 
never exercised pity but from indif- 
i^encf, nor practised Justice but from 
self-interest. The Marechal de Gr^ 
had offended the Queen of Louis XI. ; 
and upon his trial, when the Countess 
of Angouleme, to whose hand he had 
once aspired, gave rancorous evidence 
against him, he said to her : 

*' ff I had tUwaus served God at 2 have 
terved you. Madam, f thonJd not have a great 
aocount to vender at mj death." i. 46. 

People, in those days, valued most 
highly the sovereigns who did not tax 
them, and kept down the nobles. 
Elizabeih has nad the credit of origi- 
nality ffiven to her for this policy, but 
we find that she was only a copyist of 
Louis XL 

<< Louisy who, at the commencement of 
this expedition, bad been obliged to impose 
some addittODal taxes* no sooner foond that 
he bad terminated the enterprise without 
coets, than he ordered the collection to 
cease ; a proceeding which exposed him to 
the ridicule of some of his unthinking cour- 
tiers, bat formed an additional claim to the 
affection of the people, who had given him 
the appellation of father.*' i. 6*9. 

The King was ridiculed for this 
avarice in a urce ; but he replied : 

*' I had rather my courtiers should laugh 
at my avarice, than that my people should 
weep at my profusion." L 62, 

The manoeuvre of infantry lying 
down to avoid shot, is not new. At the 
battle of Ravenna, in 1512, a body of 
Spanish infantry did so ; but the French 
brought guns to bear upon them 
from an e^vation, and with the aid of 

arthery so galled them, that they rose, 
and could not be withheld from rush- 
ing into action, i. 84. 

« Louis," says Mr. Bacon (i. 118) « set 
an example of dignified morality and exalted 
virtue, which made hu court one of the 
purest in the whole world." 

But this eminence of virtue, and its 
consequent public influence, could not 
secure him from the intrusion of 
'* foxes who preach to poultry," and 
well know their advantage, when they 
can lay hold of a weak mind. He had 
married Anne of Brittany for love, and 
no man is a sincere lover who does not 
act weakly in consequence. Louis suf- 
fered much disquiet, because " the in- 
triguing of the emissaries of the Pope 
induced his Queen to think that her 
husband had placed his toul in jeopardy 
by engaging in a war with the hc^ of 
the church." i. 1 10. 

Everv bodv recollects the famous 
reply of the French guard at Waterloo 
—that they died — but never surren- 
dered. After the battle of Marignon, 
certain Switzers, who were summoned 
to surrender, replied, '* that their ene- 
mies knew that they were always pre- 
pared to die, but never surrendered.*' 
They perished to a man : but of the 
vieilles mousiackes those only who 
could not help it; for when a man 
has no alternative between standing ow 
falling, it is very natural that be shoakl 
prefer running away, brave as be may 
be under hope. 

Sham wooden cannon arc exhibited 
in the Tower, as having been invented 
in stratagem. At the marriage of Lo- 
renzo de Medici with Madeleine de 
Boulogne, in 15 IS, a wooden fort was 
erected. It contained artillery, con- 
sisting of large wooden cannon, iron* 
hnop^, which discharged balls filled 
with wind. i. 201,202. 

James I. when at dinner, used to 
converse with bishops, who then at- 
tended on purpose. The same custom 
obtained at the court of Francis I. He 
never supped, dined, or took a walk, 
without the society of men of learn- 
in^'* i. 214, 215. 

The Whilehoys in Ireland are said 
to have been so denominated because, 
wanting uniforms, they put their shirts 
over their clothes. It appears that a 
certain attack was called tne Camiiude 
of Rebec, because Pescara, in order to 
enable his soldiers to distinguish each 
other in the dark, had made them put 
their shirts over their armour, i. 440* 

Uialoty of the Jtas. 


bralcd Shcfiilan borrowed rtom hence 
h'n r«uioiit rrply of, ■• my life ii my 
Pfinee'V* mnnecicd wilh anoiher 
phfair. nliich w« lia noi pcceiKly re- 

II «mn* ihftt, in the ftat 1538, the 
fotlnw^tig nmion obiiincd rniiFrrniiig 
Rtrdirkl men. Mr. Bicon fayi: 

■• J*«i and Anh« were [hfn ihi moit 
i pnfnion of 


I hid I 

liuu, tkejr wne aol [clled on. When 
FmMh I. WB lofferiBg unil*r ■ dingcroiu 
■lliwii u Canip(is°i ■" > 93 ^1 l>< nquHEed 
the Einp«« W Kml him from SwiD ■ ce- 
L*b»Md Je-lih pbjiiciui. On ilia icrivit 
of thit DEdicaJ prafcanr, he turned out to 
b* » CDDierud Jti, tad wu so well gitisfied 
with the ehiDge ef Hi Teti};ian, thit ha 
t>nin«d of it lo the King. Fnniis wu 
) b. .ffeclmlly 

•t the ■> 


>l Jeo, 

utd ha therefon diimiutd llie 
lou M dnmaatiOKIile for u Itnelite xho 
•dhocd to *h« ftith of hii &then. The 
Jh niae aod caieil him, but it wu bji ■ 
Kaady vbidi might ham be«n nreiciibed 
■i(h fqval effect by ■ Chriiliaa : at iimpli' 
(oU (he King tndriskau'i milk." ii.loa. 
We hue not eniereil inio narrative 
or incident, though many parts of ihc 
work would tii>J>ca<e exiracis, if we 
had room. The hislarv ii a political 
une i and, like many lucn, refers chiefly 
10 *tt<mplt and fudures at lo making 
iKw coaquesis. It tbows that there 
i*<t«, in those daj'i, better warriors 
than ttateimen. and fewer ftOod men 
than cither. The execution of ihe 
work deterrca high praise. 

Tif tiiUary vf '*< J™' 


I. //. a 


t other 

THE connrttion of ihc Hebrew hi: 
VUj witti Christianily has given 
pnpdtid crating importance o\-' ' 
nialorio. bccaute it ii, in foci, i 
talion of prophecy, and is indirectly con- 
nected with ihc doctrine of future life. 
Indeed, such a history as that of the 
Jcwi, i) one which all persons should 
rrail, not ai a mere matter of enter- 
taiament or inietcAt, but as a study of 
Itta hwhcit moment, and an iudis- 
IKflaabk cotupauion to the Bible. A 
ckmp ami wcll-digeited work on the 
•■bjcct ia therefoic lo be deemed it 
P«blie bcncfaciian. 

It is difficult for an Englishman ta 
senarali^ the idea of Jewa from prdlan, 
who cry " okl cloaths," hawk sealing- 
wax, and have a peculiar physiogno- 
mical character. Bui whoever read* 
the SRth chapler of Drulernnomy, aiiil 
the £4ih of M.iiihew. will sec thai 
they were pcrtnns whom Providence 
cornigntd to Chrislians, that they. 
mi)iht be treated much in the same 
tvai as aoalomical subjects; and thai 
(till recently) they have been trcateil, 
by ihe said Chiitlians accordingly, and 
have no otherwise been regarded as of 
the human race. We are not, how- 
ever, ditpnsed to review this Work 
ihenlogically J and sliall therefore taka 
other grnnnd. 

The fotlilicalinns of Jerusalem al 
of the siege, seem tn throw 



iivioei ; then it hsd but □□ 

This practice of three valla, to guard 
accessible parit, and only one where 
there was a ravine, is quite commotl 
in British camps ; though at Jeru- 
salem the walla weie not conccntrio 
circles, but irregular, occurding to the 
nature of the ground, or artihcial de- 
fences, and intended to divide the por- 
tions of the city into foui distinct 


The construction of the 



as nol lo tf taiily ihaken ly Mletmg ejigoia, 
or uiulermi<ini. The will km 17j feet 
brosd." P.m. 

This proportion of 35 feet seemi to 
have been a standard, for the towers 
which guarded the circuit of all their 
walls, were of the same cyclopean mas- 
sinets. The construction in diminish- 
ing stories, one above another, shows 
that the towers were of Babylonian 
and Egyplinn fashion. 

■•They were S5 leet broad, and 3S higb j 
tut ihovo this hs'ighl were loftj chttmlitTs, 
Dad bIiots tLna ngiiin. upper rooms and 
luge linki tareeeitalhenlB'nter. Broad 
flighli of steps led up to Ibem." P. 17. 

From the length of the stones, it 
HplKiara that the walls were nol of lUe 


Rbtiiw. — ^Milman'f Hutor^ of the Jew$. 


earlier Cyclopean styles, but of that 
later manner, which is presamed to 
have snbsisted between the times of 
Epaminondas and Alexander ; unless 
the fashions, prevalent in Egypt and 
India, are not comprised in the usual 
classification of the style alluded to. 

The Palace of the Kings was plainly 
of Egyptian character. 

" It was •urrnunded by a wall 35 feet 
high, which was adorned hy towers at equal 
distancM, and by spacious barrack rooms 
with 100 beds in each. It was paved with 
erery variety of rare marble ; timbers of un- 
eqnalled lens[th and workmanship sop|K)rted 
the roofs. The chambers were countless, 
adorned with all kinds of figures, the richest 
furniture, and vessels of gold and silver. 
There were numerous cloisters of columns 
of different orders, the squares within of 
beautiful verdure; around were groves and 
avenues, with fountains and tanks, and 
bronze statues pouring out the water. There 
were likewise large houses for tame doves." 
P. 19. 

The cloisters and general fashion are 
the chief things which show that this 
building had especially an Egyptian 
character. The "all kmds of Bgures," 
in the chambers, assimilate the hiero- 
glyphics on the walls of edifices in that 
country, though the prohibition of 
animal representations probably caused 
the figures, as in coins, to be of the 
vegetable world ; or more probably of 
knops, open flowers, cherubims, and 
palm trees, as mentioned in the Book 
of Kings (I Kings, c. vi. 18, 29). 
Wainscotting, deal floors, and wooden 
ceilings, are also particularized in the 
same chapter ; andf we know that there 
were, in the middle a(i;es, rooms floored, 
waintcottedt and ceiled with planks, of 
which one still exists at Lambeth. 

The tower of Pseuhina was an 
octagon (p. 18). We uo not recollect 
any such form in Egyptian, Indian, or 
Greek work. This is the earliest spe- 
cimen known to us. The fashion does 
not appear before the Roman sera, in 
FosbroKe*s Foreign Topography (see p. 
35, 4g, 88, &c.) 

Our early Castles, in the frequent 
fashion of a square with four angular 
towers, had an ancient origin. 

*< The fortress Antonia stood alone, on a 
high and precipitous rock near niuety feet 
high, at the north-west comer of the tenoule. 
It was likewise a work of Herod. The 
whole face of the rock was fronted with 
SBMMih stone for ornament, and to make 
the ascent so slippery as to be impenetrable ; 
waaA the top of; the rock titers was first a 

low wall, rather more than fttis ftet hich. 
The fortreu was seventy feet in heiglit. 
It had every luxury and convenience of a 
sumptuous palace, or even of a city { spacious 
Italls, courts, and baths. It appeared like a 
vast square tower, with four otner towers at 
the corners ; three of them between eighty 
and ninety feet high: that at the comer 
next to the Temple above ISO.** P. 1 9. 

Adjacent, as in the Greek Acropolis, 
was the Temple, and from hence, in 
the primary origin, arose our custom 
of the Church near the castle and 
manor-house. The larger corner tower 
was the archetype of oor keep, and a 
dwarf wall round the summit appears 
at Launceston, a British castle. 

Mr. Wilkins, in his Magna Grecia, 
assimilates, in correction of previous 
error, the form of the Temple of Solo- 
mon to that of a Greek one. 

The plan before us, p. 20, pro- 
nounced to be most accordant with 
the descriptions, has a commixture of 
both Egyptian and Grecian forms. If 
the Porcn, Holy Place, and Holy of 
Holies, resemble the Ce//aof the Greek 
Temple in the disposition of the in- 
terior, the sides were not lined exter- 
nally, as here, with the Priest's cham- 
bers, but with columns or pseudo- 
columns; nor do we remember in any 
others than in E^ptian Temples, a 
division of the Hieron into so many 
courts and cloisters. The fashion of 
placing the houses of our Prebendaries 
or Canons around our Cathedrals, had 
however its evident commencement in 
the ancient lodgings of the Priests 
around the Temples. 

The author rMr. Milman) thinks it 
probable, that tne later Jews first gene- 
rally adopted their commercial habits 
in Asia Minor and Alexandria (p. 
136); but, whenever and however they 
acquired these habits, to them preser- 
vation, and such well-being as un- 
happy circumstances permitted, have 
been owing; because Kings and Nobles 
took them upon these accounts under 
their protectiou*. Most happily does 
our author delineate the history of the 
Jews in the middle and modern ages. 

" At one period, the history of the Jews 
is written, as it were, in their blood ; they 
show no signs of life, but in their cries M 
a^ony ; they only appear in the annals of 
the world, to be o])presse(!, robbed, perse- 
cuted, and massacred. Yet still patient and 
indefatigable, they pursue, under every dis- 
advantage, the steady course of indnstry. 

* See Ducange, v. Judm, RiT. 

Ii>visw.-~Milinui'« HUtory 0/ Ike Jtwi 

Wh wu r iImt hwr* Won mllot>«il to diitll 
unmolimi, or nitl nor* la hciDour ud 
FMfwvti lb*T k>T« hUmI Urg«lj to ibe •lick 
nfuljiMul octltb, ei>ili*tti<n, inil miofart. 
What*, M hM bMa nor* uhmII; >Im cu«, 
ttitj Imk hen bai*lj tolicauid, then thtf 
bad ben enotiilrrcd, is pulilic (itimttitHi, 
lit* h«s«t of the bwie, the irtry outeuta 
ud rtbaa of menkfedi iliejr here ^tnie on 
•eeumaluinff thoee ireeioni, which the; 
canU ant bunj at njujr i ia the moil b - 
buoB* |irnadi the} kept Dp the oolji trti 
ud cineinan-wliiHI which lubalited betoi 
iTietaM eonitriei ; Ilk* berdy and nix 

n^ir ihe eur&ee ef eoeletv, liowljr viqning 

their He; to oputenot, PerjiMuell)' plua- 

^, JWl elwej. weekhyi naMeered b)- betora 0. ii moil snusljcloriiy esMiHed j 

' ^"" t.'- ''" TT"^, "C "e"'" f^™ »n<" w= fully irusi, ihat it will find 

.fc.fc,«d,«B*.ek, .Ke J... eppeereldl .het «hich it lo .mply de- 

the more evidini tbet the feith, which em- 
bnes the wlinla huigea race wiibls th« 
• phere of i(e Uimiileoce, ii alune edepled 

Those prraona, thererote. who pro. 
fai to advocate ibe conrenioi) of the 
Jews, ouebl, we ihiok, to recollect 
thai it ii the tendency of knowledge to 
emirfMie ptejudicei, and th«i it is the 
tint iluf ..-«■.. 

tint 4iiaan itiilrumcnl orefltcling ibq 
, object dciiced. Yet the dcvoleci who 

Eru(i.-ii to have this objecl moit ii 
eati, are the only pepsoni in ihii lealat 
who depteciale kiiowlodjte ! 

Fof the purpoie inlendcd, the work 
before 111 ii muii sntiarjclurily executed ; 

^alriTi M Of (vliglaM nu a tobject of 
fitdmai tod awful (dailMllaa." P. 91. 

Thi* ii « juit and a liberal characrer; 
liui philotophrrt iie not lurptited at 
iheir inflexible perliiueiiy. If every 
Jewew WB) Allowed in niirry only a 

' Ohrisiian buibiind, and ihc isitie com- 
puliOTilji educaicil ditlinci ftoQi p- 
icnlil comtoul, (he Allure seneralion 
would be Biijudaiied. W% do not 
Mate « praclicoble, only a ihcotelica] 
rlM. tl doe) not ap|>car tbat the 
Anirriean Indiini have been amalg^i- 
mtted with the letllert, nor Iribei ot 
ftipaia been rxlinguidied. The acqui- 
aiiinD of liehes, and prWaie inlercil, 
ippean to haie been ihc nioil luccesi- 

' ful mode of eon vert ion hiiherto known, 
ihou^ ilhl* been bulparli;il. Perhapi change 
of ciicuai*t«nce« can alone make it 

The nablic ate much indebled lo 
Ml. Milinii) for ihii excellent wurk, 
brcaliw It ii wiitlen upnn ihose en- 
ciplei which idoiie will 


\lr. Milnian, 

Til* ^'tlsies of llili wondtrful peB]ilD, 

' all uaBkiBd, an la die Luida ,.f tha 

id. ^it. 

OiwT. Man. f*^nur)|, I 


Flaimui'a Ltelurri ai Sculplun. 

(dmcluikd /mm pagi 48.) 

WE ihal] now absiract Mr. Flax- 

man'i ditiincllvG characlcriiiica of an- 

Eggplian. — No anaiomical drtatit, 
and total dcRcienc^ in ihe grace of 
motion. He aasigns the cau&e (far 
more rraionabl^ than Winekclman) to 
imperfect tliili m geometry. In iheir 
baua-ietieiro« and painting] there is no 
pcrspeclice, and figures intended lo bs 
in violent aciinn, are equally deitiiuie 
ofjoiniiand other inatomical focmi, 
aa well at of ilie balance and spring of 
niaiion, the force of a blow, or the 
just larieiy of line in ihc lurninj 

Theii historical representa lions aro 
far inferior la their statues, which, 
though of (general fornia only, without 
paiticular detail, have ilnipliciiy of 
idea, breadlh of pans, and occasional 
beauty of Torm. 

The cause of these dcfecii was waul 
of Ihe anaiomical, mechanical, and 
gcomelrical science relating to the irli 

Greco- Egi/ptian. — Aficr the Ptolc 
mica, their sculpture was ioiprored by 
Grecian animoiioa and beauty. 

RomnH'Egvpiian. — Enlitely unlike 
ihe genuine Egypiiaii, as the dniwiiig; 
and character are Romao in Egypiiaii 
atliindei and dresses. 

Perifptiliian. Nothinj; in science, 
woilhy study. 

ItJian. — Of same retemblance (o 
the Egypiian, but infirrior hoih in 
science and likeueii to nature. 


Rbvibw.-— Flaxinan*8 Leciuret on Sculpture, 


Grecian 5cti/p/tire.— Science must 
attain a certain perfection before the 
arts of design can be cultivated with 
success, and this progression is very 
distinctly marked in Grecian sculpture. 
Perspective and foreshortening were 
yery imperfect, because optics were so; 
and it was not until Hippocrates, De- 
mocritus, &c. made anatomical re- 
tearches, that Leontius, the contem- 
porary of Phidias, Brst expressed nerves 
and veins. The geometrical improve- 
ments of Pjfihagoras, Thales, and Eu- 
clid, increased the knowledge of circu- 
lar and triangular power, and relations, 
a knowledge indispensable to perfectly 
understanding the curvilinear motion 
of animal bodies in different directions, 
and to ascertain its Quantity and direc- 
tion in the limbs. — Poetry, philosophy, 
and mythology, further influenced the 
art. When tne 6sures of deities were 
ordinary and barbarous, symbols or 
wings (to show that they were not 
men) distinsotshed them. Homer's 
verses caused Jupiter and Neptune to 
be represented with beards ; and as 
the arts improved, the distingnishing 
personal characteristics were added. 
Mercury obtained a youthful figure, 
from his patronase of gymnastic exer- 
cises, and Hercules his extraordinary 
muscular strength, probably from the 
descriptions of the Greek tragedians. 
The winged genii on the painted vases 
were introduced from the Pythagorean 
"philosophy, and female divinities be- 
came lovely and gracious in the time 
of Pinto. 

Daedalus is the earliest sculptor men- 
tioned, at least of any note. He mea- 
sured the proportions of the Egypt ian 
statues (which are seven heads and one 
third high), and in the British Mu- 
seum are small bronzes, supposed, wiih 
great reason, to be copies of the naked 
Hercules of Daedalus. They have the 
high shoulders, stiflf attitudes, and slim 
forms of the Egyptian style. There is 
reason to think that improvement in 
painting preceded that in sculpture, 
because oblique views of objects, and 
the veins of the body and limbs, seem 
not to have been attempted in sculp- 
ture before the time of Phidias, eight 
hundred years after that of Daedalus. 

Wc shall now make an extract from 
the book, in detail, to show certain 
gradations or processes, by which the 
Greeks attained such wonderful excel- 

**Paniphilos, the Mscadonian pointer. 

under whom Apellet studitd tea yaarty waa 
learned in all liteiatare, partienkrly arith- 
metio and geometry, witboot which ha de- 
clared art could not be perfected. 

*< How geometry and arithmetic ware ap* 
plied to the study of the human 6giire, Vi* 
truviui iuforms ut, from the writings of the 
Greek artista* perhaps from those of Paas- 
philus hirotclf. A man (says he) may be 
•o placed with his arms and legs extended* 
that his navel being made the centre, a cir- 
cle can be drawn round tonchlng the ex* 
tremitiet of hit fingers and toes. 

<* In the like manner a man standing np- 
right, with his arms extended, k indoaed 
in a square, the extreme extent of his arma 
being equal to his height. 

** How well the ancients understood the 
nature of balance, is proved by the two 
books of Archimedes on that snoject ; be- 
sides, it is iropowible to aee the numerona 
fieures tpriogini;. Jumping, dancing, and 
Ruling, in the Herculaneum naintii^» on 
the painted vases, and the antique basso re- 
lievos, without being assured that the paint- 
ers and cculpton muf t have employed geo- 
metrical figures to determine the degreea of 
curvature in the l>ody, and angular or recti- 
linear extent of the limbs, and to 6x the 
centre of gravity.*' pp. 195, 186. 

We shall not copy Mr. Flaxman'a 
rules in p. 126, for determining the 
centre of gravity or gravitation of the 
human figure, in standing, motion, 
&c. nor his technical delineations* 
though to profession ists eminently use- 
ful. Taste is not an intuitive acquisi- 
tion. No barbarian could devise a sa« 
perior thing to the Parthenon or Bel- 
videre Apollo. But a master of all 
the processes of an art has nothing me- 
chanical further to learn, and improve- 
ment grows out of practice* ancl taste 
out of improvement. Grandeur of 
sentiment may ^row out of heroism* 
heroism out of situation ; and the for- 
mer out of imagination in a poet, but 
he is obliged first to invent diflBcult 
situation. But imagination* where 
the exhibition of it is dependent upon 
artificial skill, is only the conception 
of an oration in the mind of a aumb 
man. In music, painting, and sculp- 
ture, practice is the process of gestation 
necessary to the birth of genius; and 
if an all-perfect offspring ensue, it re- 
duces all future professors to the hum- 
ble rank of imitators only : e. s. it is 
said by Hume, that Sir Isaac Newton 
has stopped all further advancement in 
mathematics. The same may be said 
of Greek sculpture, it cannot be ii9« 
proved, and *< Vemnui du beau** only 
brings on *' le gout de tingulier** But 




— Flaxman's Lecturei on Sculptui 

t cannot fortunaiclt indulge In 
DQi, at in ihe Dutch 
tutr, deviling cxecuiion aboic ilc- 
lign. (kill abiive grnlu). the ma^on 
■bOTc ihe atchiicct. Of moikm icuId- 
lalt, u hat In e no orlginaUl*, Kir. 
Flaxraan accoidingly ujri lilile. He 
layi hi) alrris lipan ihe mccllanitm, 
tlic pTicticjl part, and leaiei alMLude, 
griiure, and compoiilion, in ttipplj 
thrdciirlcraljni ofiaut in the |>hy<ii>B- 
tiomiciUnd pcrional expresiioii. Much 
i* lo be i*id in cxlenuaiion. Nudity 
sit-* the Greeki advanlsge, in throw- 
inK ch«r«cicr anil exposion into ihe 
whole figure, bul the unrorluniiie mo- 
dern* have only Tace and ]>osliire in 
ihrit power, and what would be ihe 
F«incti]n Herctilcs without nuJiiy ? 
The grjnd otj-\n «reK|>i«sion ii Ihe 
tyr, but lo ihii neither aculpinre or 
jaiming e*a i^ive ihe force ol nature. 
Then ire only lery limited fonni of 
theviuu, which can supply its place i 
Biul violrul exciteuient may produce 
ditiAtiinn. The dcsideramni is lo eha- 
(jcleiixe e6ul by poiiruil, lo niuke the 
rnlnrrt, whaltTtr they way be, denote 
»he mind of ihe man as well as ihe 
perton. Upizarih ww here especially 
cmineol. He painted eiliically and 
biogtAphi rally i *nd hud he poiseued 
or titued dignity of sentimtnl, lie 
wDutd hjve excelled iti expreaiion, be- 
yond pui Ol fuiuie rivalry. Bui no- 
thing ruuld clcv.nte hiui above vulga- 
rity. Olhrr modernstecm in have risen 
I noiii^her than tatne intelligence. No 
headurChriil lui ever equiilled ihal 
uf 4he Beltidete Ajiollo j and the apoa- 
ilirt of ILipbwl in the cariouns are 
lun-butnt Turks. The Lail Judg- 
inrtil of Michwl Angelo Is a combat 
uf glkttUiort, fightine naked, and mere 
dufnaliealliiiide. In ihe anii(|ue, na- 
lufc i( uol outraged, anil yet llie ci- 
pmtiAii if purely of an iiiiellceiual 
eharkciet. Nobiwly ilndics the dt-lail* 
or* Grecian butlor Rgure, becaut« no 
deferiiiiiy or had cxrcuiion draws the 
e*e 10 ii ■ but ihe niirniion is entirely 
kMovbed in ihe getieral chnracicr, In 
thn pre-rniineiii characteristic, phi- 
MOKnomical cxprestion, we do think 
moilctn tculpiure deficient. Fuiilier 
apologiet may be mjde. No genius 
euuM make a cwl ur a hero out uf ihc 
fcsiuiei of a Munil.iriii, perhaps not 
eai of «ny found fjce, pug iii»c. nr 
•null ry« wliaieveri and porirail is 
nfien ■ crtiel aevetiity iiiipostd upon 
•mlputra. Nevcfihrl«is the (nia iilrol 

may be indulged in allegorical fiirurei. 
But here ii another failure. Nearly 
all we know are lanky ihin girls, with 
insipid ov.-il countenances, or brawny 
piMlers. The Gteelt conlour, round 
without obesity, seems lo us in the 
former to be utterly losl ; and in the 
taller, muscle ought lo be accoinpa- 
nted iviili colosial slaiure. At ihe 
same lime, we beg to be considered as 
speaking from bonesl feelings only, 
from actual impression, and we wi»h 
ihai others as ouTKlrei also spoke as 
ihry fell. For inslance, in the famou* 
ineio]>M of the Parlhcnon, the cen- 
taurs in combal seem lo exhibit no 
mure feeling, than men at dinner, not 
in coinbai. They seem also lo be 
round-faced fellows, either in or be- 
yond Dilddte age. Thus have we 
ipoken, dangerously we admit for our 
reputation ; but we arc not among 
those who confound execution with 
genius, mechanism with soul, or au- 

Wc cannot lake our kjve of Mr. 

Flaxman without uolicing bis pallia- 
tiun of ilie bad taile which disgraced 
the Greek), vi£. |iainted sculpture. 
Ttie practice was intended, as he says, 
lo enforce tuperiilition, or, as we luii- 
|)Oie, to givL' an idea thai ihe liguie 
represented was d'" 

prized ^ 

vmg, , 


" Wg bars all bem struck bj the rnein- 
blvice uf figures ia coloured ••u-wurk to 
pcnnut in life, lail therernre guch a rcpr*- 
>cRt(iii>n <i particular It proper fm llit timi- 
litutle uf prrions In fiu, ur the drceuMJ i 
bul (lie OI)inpiiiD Jupiter mil Atlieoiui 

Tl.ey i-e-c telie.ed inmoital, and iht'i^n 
tlia .lillani arihcH lUluci h.viDg the CD- 
luuring iif Ufa during ihe time the ipeclaCDr 
tiewcd them, would aiipeir itivinity in iir- 
tiil aliiiraviJon uf repose. Thair iliipan- 
diiD< <iia alone His 4upeniilQr*l ; and the 
oidoun of life, without lniiti.>D, iBcieued 
the tnUliiuity of tie •tatue, and ihe terror 
of ilie piuui beholder." P. iie. 

Now lei any man place the Rirne- Herculit in full sue betide one of 
Ihe giants ai Guildhall i or paint the 
eyes, eyebrows, hair, »c. ot the for- 
mer. K-rhapt he will see in the lirst 
ex|ierinienl, thai ihe vffcci is dcterto- 
raied ; in tlie stctiiirt, \\\i^ \\\e coNosn. 


RBViBw.-^-CunniDghMn'i Livet of Briltth AriUtt. [Feb. 

and the tecond on the subject od 
which it treats. It contains the lives 
of West, Bany. Blake, Opie, Morland, 
Bird, and Fuseli, written in that lively 
and agreeable style in which Mr. Cun- 
ningham excels. With a fine feeling 
for art, and with a moral sense in its 
healthiest exercise, the author, with 
admirable tact, steers clear of those 
apologies for the degrading aberrations 
of men of genius and talent, by which 
pure biography has been su much dis- 
figured. He knows how to separate 
the artist from the man; and while, 
as in Morlandy he praises the painter 
with the nicest discrimination of his 
great and unrivalled beauties, he shows, 
by infeiences drawn from the profli- 

gate habits of the drunkard and de- 
auchee, how the loftiest talenu are 
debased and neuiiralized by the folly 
and grossness of his life. 

The life of fFe«/, which commences 
the volume, is undisturbed by any of 
those associations of which we have 
spoken. He rose gradually, and with^ 
much of royal patronage, and an e%*en* 
course of ouiei and not undignified 
conduct and demeanour, to the high 
station of President of the Royal 
Academy. We fully coincide with 
Mr. Cunningham in his estimate of 
West's talents as a painter. His cri- 
ticism is as sound as it is beautifully 
expressed : 

** Hit figures seemed dittended over the 
caovaM by line and roeMure, like treet in a 
plantation. He wanted fire and imagination 
to be the true rett«>rer of that grand ttjie 
which bewildered Harry^ and was talked of 
by Rejnolds. Mmt of hit wurlu, cold, 
formal, bloodlew, and paationlesi, may re- 
mind the spectator of the lublime viiiun of 
the Vallej of dry Bones, where the flesh and 
skin had come upon the skeletons, and t>efore 
the breath of God had informed them with 
life and feeling." 

The following anecdote is a curious 
account of West's first school of paint- 

** When he was some eight years old, a 
party of roaming Indians paid their summer 
visit to Springneld, and were miuh pleased 
with the rude sketches which the boy had 
made of birds, and fruits, and flowers, for in 
such drawings many of the wild Americans 
have both taste aad skill. They showed him 
some of their own woikmanshiu, and taup;hs 
him bow to prepare the red and yellow 
oolourt with which they stained their wea- 
}iooa} io thasa his mother added indi^ro, 
attd thus ha was possettad of the three 
0nmuj tfolourt. The Indians, unwilling to 

leave sveh a boy in ignoranea of their othetr 
acqoiiementa, taogbt hhn aiehtry, in vfaiek 
-he kieGaae expert enough to sboolpefiractory 
birds, which refused to oonie on milder terms 
fur their likaoesees. Tlie fiitore President 
of the British Academy, taking lessons in 
painting and in arcliery, from a trilie of 
Cherokees, might be a aal>ieot worthy of the 

The life of Barry is pregnant with 
materials for sad and solemn medita- 
tion. With a fondness for his art but 
faintly expressed by the word enthu- 
siasm, the infirmity of his temper de- 
feated his highest aspirations ; and he 
who, but with common prudence and 
a manly compliance witli established 
customs, might have done more for 
himself and his art than almost any 
other painter of the last century, lived 
in sullen penury, and is now almost 
forgotten. Mr. Cunningham has se- 
lected with much judtfmenl from the 
previous biographers of this intemperate 
man, and has arranged his materials 
wiih skill. 

Of Blake, the visionary, %ve hardly 
know how to speak : he appears to 
have been an amiable enthusiast, on 
the wrong side of the line of demarca- 
tion as it respected his sanity. *' His 
fancy overmastered him/' says Mr.C. 
until he at length confounded '* the 
tnind's eye" with the corporeal organ, 
and dreamed himself out of the sym- 
pathies of actual life. The following 
absurdity is recorded of him ; and his 
friend, Mr. Varley, has authenticated 
the story by giving an eneraving of the 
" S/tiriiualitaiion,'* in his equally ab- 
surd volume on *' Astrological FiiysU 

*' He closed the book, and taking out a 
small panel from a private drawer, said, ' this 
is the last which I shall show jtnx : but it is 
the greatest curiosity of all. Only look at 
the splendour of the colouring and the 
original character of the thing ! * < I see,' 
said I> ' a naked figure with a strong IkhIt 
and a short neck ; with burning eyea whicn 
long for moisture, and a f«ce worthy of a 
murderer, holding a bloody cup in its clawed 
hands, out of which it seems eager to drink. 
I never saw any shape so strange, nor did I 
ever see any colouring su curiously splendid 
— a kind of glistening green and dusky goldy 
beautifully vamislied. But what in the world 
is it ?' * It is a ghost, Sir — the ghost of a 
flea — a spiritualizatiou of the thine !* * He 
saw this in a vision, then,' I said. * I 'U 
tell you all about it, Sir. I called on him 
one evening, and found Blake more than 
usually excited. He ti>ld me bad seen a 
wonderful thing — tlie ghost of a ilea.' ' And 

ISSCk] Bbvibw. — Cunningham's lioei of Brit'uh ArtisU. 


dill HHi nuke ■ Jniriog of Mm .' ' 1 iaqnirnl. 
' No, iaitti,' wd h« , '1 »i>li [ hul ; hut 
r thill if he (ppnn igiin!' H« loaded 
urnml} . ioln i raroet of tha (aon, •nd 
iliin Hill ■ H«r« b* ii — reich me mt ihinn 
—I (bill V«p mj ejB on him, there Be 
ennMi ! hii ctgcr loogue Bhitliini 
bia nuirtfi, « cup in IiSb hi 
>bJ cmred iiiUl » (Cily thio ol gold ind 
grcnl' Aihedticcikedhimiohedreahiin." 
The Life of Opit l> well ciHOpili^d. 
The ancc<loi«s of hii early life sre fa- 
miliar to 3II oiir Tcadcis. Again^i ihai 
■a which Opie i* rt|ire»nieil, when a 
boj. ai hinillin^ the indifinairan of his 
blhcr ihut he might pslni him wiih 
'■ ejn lighinl up.*' ino moral wnie 
which we hace praises! in Mr. Cun- 
nio)(hain ttcnili, ami he rebukei ihe 
oflemler in a line lone of calm enposlu- 

Ml. C. lumi lip ili« character nf 
Opie aa a pa'mler, in ibe foilowltlg 
[>MUgt,and iiiijusl. 

" Ht is wN ■ teuler, pcclupf, but neither 
ii h« ih* leriile fullower of my min, cr ia]> 
whoul. Hi> oiigiaal dcficiene. nf inugins- 
tiuOi on labuur cihiU tircDglben, and nn 

he teemed to want the pflwer cpf eZei'itiag 
■hat a Dwan, ami nf lubitilutlag lb> eirguit 
for the Tulgar. Op« «w the Dummnn hui 
Bot the piKlic Dtturo of hit lubjectt : he 
t nf tl 

with manihit reluituiM, left (licir com- 
panj fur the convirutiuD el hia friend. 
■ G*iirj:g,' Slid hii iDOBitori * }nu mutt biva 
reuoai For leepiDg luch compMi;.' ' Rei- 

uld I linil lueh 1 pictun 

nf life ai 
huld hliod, The C.hia?' Me held ui 



nal. of 


HH ptnell could eliiVe out a lough and 
naaly Cranvell, hut ni unfit to cum with 
Aa daik tohcle •pirit of . Vant, or the 
afmatij tj« and bearing of a Falkland or 
MoolmM. Hi> alreogth la; in buldneti of 
(0(Bl. •tmplicil)' nf CHinpoiitinn in artleii 
aUitndai, and in the vivid portraiture of in- 
Jitidoat nalure." 

"Thc onnali of j^tnios rcconl nnl a 
more Jrptnrahle iinry MoHanil's.'' 
It >* a lickf niog ileinil of gifu and u- 
lenia, which nii|(hi lia«e raited ilieir 
poMcuor lo companionship with the 
magnaici of (he land, emplnycd but 
ai the miniilert of folly ihe moit 

areginm, and uce ihf most deicsia- 
t. Mr. Ciinnin([hpm hai rrcoriled 
the following tnrcdote. we are lure 
U an apology for Ihe artist aeelting 
cecuiont for hit pencil in the loweit 
gradn of aockiy ; il ii eviiknt thai the 
man') laMe lay in ihii road, and ant 
of tuch ■■aocialions he exlracled ma- 
terial* for the exercite uf hit art. 

" A frieiMl onee fnnod him at Freihwairr- 
calt.iBBlav puUi«-htia>t called TArCiif'in. 
eailon, naUoa, and gihermen, ott* leated 
ifMid blm in a kind nf ring, the mollne 
■Wif with laughter aadinngi and Motlaod, 

Bird h best known by h'a palbelio 
picture of "Cbcvy Cbace.'' We re- 
member 10 have leen it at the Hrhiil) 
Iiistiliilion, anil many brijthl eyei, ■■ 
ihey re&led on the mnurnrul siory, «tq 
tbe bcjl privif of ihe triumph oriha 
jiainler; il is a picture ocer which the 
eye can scarcely " w.indcr dry.'" Bird 
was a Biiitnl man; he was mitled bv 
evil admirers, and deserting the |>ala 
of his early bucceia, he followed " the 
will o' the wisp of pjfK^nt paintingi 
which led in the sloua;1i of dctponil, ta 
ile)|>air, and the gia>e." 

The last in the inlume i* the life oC 
Faiili, and conlalns mote of originnl 
niaiier iban either (if the fnrmer. Fui 
Ecli had more learninn than anjr ariiit 
of ourcounirj, and what is not alwayt 
a concurrina quality, he had more ima*' 
aination. lie was not displeased la 
be icrmed " Painter in ordinary 10 iha 
Devil." "Thewini^i of his fancy,'! 
t.nys Mr. Cnnningham, " were some* 
limes a litile loo strong for hit judgt 
nient, anil broughl npon him ihe ret 
prnnch of extravagance, an error ki 
tare in Brltiih art, thai it almost he* 


poflrail njinlir 
iLid imbibed 

i had a sovereign cnniempl for 



ply that spirit 

hich bad shadowed ihe startling pttM 

if Michael Angelo; his ima* , 

>a> 100 fervid for ihe age in 

bicli he lived, and while ihe pai 

ers of the realities of lifi- were reaping 
the hartest, ihe conceptions of Fuieli 
remained on hia bands not aliofteiher 
without admirers, but the purebaitn 
were few and far between. 

The life uf Fuieli has been careruiiy 
written, and contains many passages of 
great and striking beaulif. 

We recommend ihe volume as M^ 
of great interest to the general rcadet| 
anuas a manual la be studied by tha 
artist, nol less for his moral improve- 
tnent than for his advantage in ih« 
pursuit he has chfneo. 

RiviBW. — Memom of ike Tower of London. [Feb. 


Mmmdrt of the Tower <if Ltmdon, eompriring 
kutoneol and deteripHve Accounts of tkmt 
national Fofrtrtu and Palace ; Anecdotes qf 
Slate Prisoners, rfthe Armauries^ Jewels, 
Regalias, Records, Menagerie, i^e. By 
John BrittOD, ondE, W. Bnjltj, FF.A.S. 
EmtelUsked wUk Engravings on ffood. 
Post %vo, pp. 37fi> 

THREE years have expired since 
we passed over the decapitating quarter 
6rix)ndon ; — visions oHteadless trunks 
flitted before our eyes, and we instinc- 
tively put our hands to our chins to 
tc^\ it al! was safe. The fortress, too 
—once it was the man in armour in 
Lord Mayor's show^-once with its un- 
encumbered circuit of walls and towers, 
and noble keep, it had the aspect of a 
real castle*, as grand as Caernorvon or 
Conway, as superb and picturesque an 
ornament to the eastern end of the me- 
tropolis, as the Abbey is to the western. 
So it might have remained uithoot 
impairing its utility, had there been a 
tattefol and * consistent disposition of 
the interior. Oh ! that another Samp- 
son wouljd arise, and carry off alt the 
modern incongruities on his shoulders, 
like the gates of Gaza, provided he 
first put the records in his pocket. 

We have gone amply into the sub- 
ject of this memorable fortress, in our 
notices of Mr. Baylev*s original His- 
tory, and Messrs. Allen and Bray lev's 
respective accounts of London. We 
continue to believe, that it was ortgi* 
nally a British fortress of succeeding 
Roman occupation, and retained by 
the subsequent Sovereigns of this realm, 
as a citaael, to which they might fly 
for refuge, and by which they might 
overawe I he intractable Londoners. 
It is true that there is an hiatus in oart 
of the historical evidence of these facts 
during a certain period ; but it is a 
rule in evidence, that where written 
documents do not exist, usage is to be 
received ; and as Fitz Stephen, in the 
time of Henry II. calls it - Arx Pala- 
tina," so we would not aflirm that 
there had not been a Roman castle 
here, like that of Colchester ; for be- 
sides the ingot of Honorius discovered, 
and the adjacent Roman wall, it is 
known that Cold-harbour is a term in- 
dicative of Roman stations. Now there 
was a place called Cohherhorotce, near 
the White Tower (p. 322). And on 
the south side of the latter, have been 

* See AggM't View of London, temp, 

excavated old foundations of stone 
three yards wide. 

" The noD*existence of such a structure 
[mj our Buthort}, after the cstincUon of 
the imperial power in priuin, maj be pre- 
sumed from the tilenor of the writer of the 
Saxon Chronicle, and other early annalittay 
who, although they make frequent allution 
to t^ City, Port, and Walls of London, 
during the wan of the Danes and Saxoni, 
do not mention the Tower, or any Ibrtrett 
ia that lituatioD, previout to the time of 
the Norman Invasion/* P. 8. 

Now this cannot be admitted ; for 
the Saxon Chronicle says, that in the 
year 886, s^fette ^Ippeb cynin^ 
Lokiben-bun^, i. e. King Alfred re- 
stored Lundenburg ; and Bxed a gar- 
rison there. Castles, among the Anglo- 
Saxons, were called burgs, not castlea 
or towers. Whoever consults the 
Chronicle, will find that between the 
years ^12, and 915, nine castles are 
mentioned, and that they arc all called 
hurgi or hurhs. Indeed, the Latinism 
castle was not uted by them ; at least, 
not in the Bras alluded to. If it be 
said that hurgk or lurh, merely implied 
a walled town, we reply, that we 
never heard of any such town without 
a castle; and that here the Roman 
wall ioined on to the Tower, which 
completed the communication with 
the river. Our authors seem to have 
understood the word burgh, in its mo- 
dern sense of borough, that is« a cor* 
porate town, not in that of the Anglo- 
Saxons. We now give a curious in- 
stance of their distinction of Lunden^ 
burgh, from Lunden (without burgh), 
though the same town. 

Lundenbyrig ^r Lundenburghg oc- 
curs under the years 467, 861, 872» 
886, 894, 896, 912, 992, g^, in con. 
nection with military matters, almost 
exclusively, but there are one or two 
instances of a civil application. 

In the year 1012, a parliament is 
said to have been holden at Lunden- 
byrig,aUeT which Lunden only appears 
to have been used. 

Lunden, down to the years 839, >* 
limited to Ecclesiastical concerns ; but 
in that year, and 883, and 1013, there 
are exceptions connected with the mi- 
litary history ; nevertheless, the eccle- 
siastical application occurs again in the 
years 898, 957, and 96 1. 

In the year IOO9, fa buph Lunbene 

In short, we think that the Tower 
was included with the walls of the 

new. — Metnoiri i 

t ihe geiwric Krm bar^ht 
6»t tlw tilcnce or ancient hisioriaim, a 
\a >iiy *peci&c distinctiun, ainounis \o 
ndlhine, becauK Ihfy neiFr iMcd any 
«ach aitCTiminatiag lerm aa cAillr: 
and ai to otniuioni, Simeon of Dur- 
ham meniioni con flacrai ions qF the 
Cil^, under th« ycori Tga, SOI, QiS, 
which ihc Saxan Chronicle docs not 

Hitiorin of Ihe To«cr. of cauw, 
coaiilt of accauiili or ihc different 
bnililinj(>i ar)hcofiic«rtonil|iriH'ni>rsi 
or crrnts conneclcd with the Nailonal 
^itlur)F; and uf iia prfteni stale at an 
acMnal and garrison. In all (ti»e 
maitcn, the book befiire us is most 93- 
tur^cloriljr uritit 

11/ the Tuicer of London. 

I Under the ariicle "Bloody Tower.l! 

) we have this paragragh : j 

•' Nut iht Imtt crmlil it due to iha FairMl 
■lilch r«,,».«rt> tlii. lower » th. J!^ rf 
the murder rf Edwird tlie Fifth >utl E^ 
Dnbe uf VprL ; onr ytt to the Ule dF iht 
boMi of thoie ill-Kited yauthi hiving bee* 
f..uncl in Churlei tb« S^cood". reigo, benemth 
the lit^ >tiir-cue that leodi to ihe gloom* 
ctiisihennf thempenliDctuie. ThM boAM' 
new (bund ii true; jet the ditcoverj iirit' 
out mide here, liut u (he dcpdl of K*tn|- 
feel belav the itura leeding to the Chanf ' 
in il.e tfkxit Tai:rr. The ptopiiely of aa^ 
>i6ning thout remniiu to the young Ptincet 
highett degree ijBuLioaiibla.f 


:sof c 


Clarence, and Edward V. and liii 

The 6rtl i> auppaied, upon ren- 
wnablc grounds, 10 have died n na- 
tural death, hii conslilolion being 
aickly. The lingubriiv of the drown- 
ing iloty hai awakened suspicion con- 
cerning Clarence; and wriieriafKiiiuhle 
qualifioiioni have ptetuoied ihdt Per- 
kin Warbeuk wsi actually Edward ihe 
Firih. Great diffictiltieg attend the 
latter slory. The Tultest and most ac- 
cardanl evidence concerning the seciet 

ductrious auihors ; but ihia i* again 
eounlcrbalanccd by the receolion which 
Petkin met with, tspecrally hie mar- 
riaxe with die deughiet of a powerful 
nobleroan. Jninei 111. nhn made ih* 
match, according lo e*ery rational pre- 
Hinipiioni would oot ihui have pairo- 
niacd an iiapostor, because *ui:h a 
miMwre implied mnre ihnn poUiical 
Icelina, wm unntceisary, and an un- 

Soirokcd inault 10 a noble lebilve. 
othitig therefore ii crrlain, but that 
the iiory ii Mill involvcil in apparcoily 
irreitievablepetpU'xily. — Ortlie murder wa> 
iiory farther pintea. remi 

U icemi from p. 327, ihat ihc De- men 
>ereux Tower wai, in the reign of 
Henry the Eighlh, called " Robin ih« 
l)evyKTower,"ofilieorittin of which 

aiiihcl* no Dccnunt ha» liccn given, 
oberl the Devil (a Duke of Nor- 
iiuiidy) wai 1 favouiiie metrical ro- 
mance in the days of Henry the Se- 
venth, but he lived liefore the Con- 
iue«i, and whi an imniMliaie nnceMor 
of William the Firil and Second. 
OaMT. M«a. FAruanj, 1830, 

P. 347. 

Now so far from this appro pria lion 
deserving bo acvere a lemark, it is ibf 
only circunisiauiial evideticc whj^ 
Bupponi the murder-story, and wM 
very fairly used. Sir Thomas Mor« 
who wrote about two hundred yetn 
bijare l!ie I'onet were found, layi, 

■' They [ihe utuiint] laid the bodU 
out upon tbe bed, uid fetched Jitinei TeriN 
to H* them, nhich when he »w them peav 
fectif dead, he eiuied the niiirlheren t* 
burve ibem u. Ihe «ai/re failc, nwlety dttft 
in the gTQUnde, under a gr^t hfapf of s/oaOw 

" Tvrrel, baring perfoimed iiii laili, rod* 
to the King, and ihowed him all the minnae 
of ibemiinher, oho gave him great thmdi^ 
and at men uye. tbete nude hjm Kuigllt^ 
but he illowed nnl ihtir bntiall in ao vile ^ 
comer, lajing that he oould have tbml 
buried in a better place, became they wtf^ 
a KjDgei •onoea. Wbcreopon ■ print M 
Sir Robert Bnkinburici take them up ai 
buried them 111 meh a place ireretlg, u hj 
the occaiion of hii death (which wai very 
ahoiily after) the very ttuelh could iwiir 
vet be veij well nod peiGgbtly kaowea." 

Pp. 44, 4a. 

Now Sir Roherl Brakcnhury being 
Coiittable of ihe Tower, and ih» PrieM 
in his service, what improbability ■• 
there (under admiesion of the lacll 
that the siaircQic leading lo the Chapel 
tot the niaee 10 which the print 
.ed the bones, eipecially aa inletr 
ment at the feel of stairs secniB lo liave 
been deemed an unsutpecied placca 
and ilierefore mote secret. 

We have Ufore Biwken of the cll»- 
ractcr of this work. The book is ele- 
gantly got up, and the wooil-cuis ate 

of the trial of the Seven Bishops there 
is an aDachroniim. They appear ia 
modem wigs. Amoni; Ihe portraits at 
Lambeth, .\rch1>ishop Tilluiion is ibe 


Rbvibw.— Mooro'B Life of Lord Byron. 


first who appeari in a wig. ^ ft re- 
sembles bis natoral hair, and is with* 
out powder. 

LeUers and Journals tf Lard Byron, with 
notices rf his Life. By Thomss Moore. 
9 vols. 4to. Mumj. 
SUCH is the modest title given to 
these volumes, accompanied by a pre- 
face in the same spirit; and indeed, 
throughout the work, there is a careful 
and an almost oversiudious design of 
keeping down the bioj^rapher, and 
elevating the subject. The book is an 
enteruining one, abounding in anec- 
dote, and tor the first time the noble 
bard is fairly arraigned at the bar of 
public opinion. When we wy fairly, 
we would not be understood as speak- 
ing of the impartiality of the advocate, 
for there is neither vice nor failing 
which Mr. Moore does not refer to 
some extenuating circumstance, but 
oat of his own mouth, as it were, the 
character of Lord Byron may now be 
estimated, and we can now speak of 
him from " his own showing.*' 

It is not our intention to add an- 
other to the many dissertations that 
have been written on the moral and 
poetical character of thjs celebrated 
man. Well has it been said, 

** thftt all (ha pious duties which we owe 
Ouf parents, friends, oar couotnr, and our 

Tha seeds of avtry virtos here below 
From discipline alone, and early culture 


This moral discipline, this early cut- 
tare. Lord Byron never knew. His 
first years were without that firm yet 
gentle guidance which might but have 
restrained his sullen and passionate 
temper, a temper indulged until it be- 
came his master— -and, borrowing a 
Khrase from his classical recollections, 
e is perpetually complaining of" eat- 
ing his own heart.** His warfare was 
against established customs and opi- 
nions ; there was nothing too sacred 
for the exercise of his sarcasm ; morals 
and religion, man's honour, and wo« 
man*s delicacy, were perpetually the 
butt of his wit or his humour. His 
splendid taJents were prostituted to the 
worst purposes, and the most demo- 
Tilixing opinions were supported by 
the worst example. If tried by the 
ilindard of reason or relision, his 
career must be prononnced to have 
been one reckless profligacy ; and the 

greater his sins against decency and 
decorum, the more pointed were his 
attempts to make decorum and decency 

The *' tool of ihe matter was within ** 
—he hated Religion because she de- 
nounced his vices— he was an infidel, 
but it was the " unbelief of an evil 
heart,'* not of an inquiring mind. His 
poetry, with ail its beauty, might well 
be spared, if we could so remove the 
mischief it has effected, and we are 
now unhappily to lament another of- 
fence to morals, b^ this elaborate expo- 
sure of his most irreligious life. We 
will not shrink from this avowal of our 
honest and deliberate opinion. W*ith 
all the kindheartedness which Mr. 
Moore has brought to his labour, and 
with all that cunning web of sophistry 
by which he has sought to hide Lord 
Byron's vices, still the author of Childc 
Harold's own handwriting is against 
him. Manj of hia letters are the re- 
cords of opinions and parsaits deroga- 
tory alike to his birth, his station, and 
his talents. It is worse than idle— it 
is wicked to cry " peace whore there 
is no peace." The charitv for which 
Mr. Moore contends, ougnt never to 
be employed in making the ** worse 
appear the better.'* Our hope is, that 
the God whom he denied, and the re- 
ligion he despised, may have reached 
his heart before he exchanged time for 
eternity. This is our charity, and if 
our hope were realized, then woold 
this volume be an offence to his me- 
mory, and nothing but a merceiMiry 
feeling could have induced its publica- 
tion, at least in this shape. Yet out of 
the jarring elements of which it is 
composed, there is much to excite our 
interest and our admiration. As the 
poet said of his own Corsair, " all it 
not evil**— and after delivering our ge* 
neral opinion, in which we feel ouf- 
selves borne out by the contents of the 
volume, we will not return to this 
part of our subject, but content our- 
selves with passages which may be ex- 
tracted without onence, and comment- 
ed on without pin. 

Respecting the childhood of Lord 
Byron, Mr. Moore has been more than 
sufficiently minute in his researches. 
The anecdotes recorded of him during 
his probation in Scotland, are no other- 
wise interesting than as partaking in a 
dmee of that mixture of wilfulness 
and generosity which characterised his 
after-life. The title descended to him 

Hevkw. — Moore's Life of Lord Byro 

in hit woth jean nnd "e agrte with 
h'u biogrsphcr in ihinking lint, had 
he bren left lo tlruggle on Tor len 
ycari longer ii plain George Byron, 
he would hsTc been the better tor il. 
Soon after hit arrival front Scotkind, 
he Tin placed nndcr the circ of Ur. 
GleDiiir, a icboolniatter of Diilwich ; 
and froni thence he wai removed lo 
Harrow, in liif 14ih year. Of hii 
siudia and em pi ojr men is at a public 
[chuot, he hai himtrir alfordcd >ome 
*Fiy lively aksichei. He dora not te- 
jiretent himselfni having been popular, 
nor M'cre the rriendihrpi he rormetl 
there of a very permanent ehamcler. 

Of that romaotic atlacbment which 
in bi* oxn opinion lank lo drep ai lo 

SVe a colour to hii future life, Mr. 
oore hat given a very pleasing ac- 
cooQl. The age of the lady was 
etghleco. Lord Byion was two years 
younger ; that he drank deuply of the 
iaKinaiion, ihere can be no doubij 
bnl an " idobiraut fDney'' had ^reat 
iharc in the homage paid lo ihe divinity 
— the was the tubjeci of many a poeii' 
cal dream, and what imagination has 
thus lanciified, he believed lu hare 

College, Cumbtidf^ His feelingi lo- 
ivardt his Alma Mater do not appear 
lo haT« been very xlfeclionaie. Tberc 
are tome of his leiiets publithcd abniii 
(hit lime also, in which bi) natural 
parent ii treated with much coarseness. 
Sbe waa, to be sure, a woman of 
violent temper, and iheit diaputes ai- 
laitted a height which could only 
6(id an appropriate similitude in ihe 
" teaipcsi'' aiid the " huiricoilb."' 

" Il U lold >i t cnrinui proof of cuh 
other's •Jolpneci" isyt Mr, Mmre. ■< iliac 
•/bcr fiMtlne oat creniDg in * temprii of 
drii kCod, ihcT ""e knoirn each lo go thil 
ni^l pfitld]! (O the apotlwair}''t, inquli- 
iDg ■oiiuDil; ohatber the other bid beta 
la (laiciiue pouoD, anil uuii«Diiig tbe 
•cadB at drugi ttot to aund to luch an 

•rliich >ere printed tn lili first unpuliilihad 

thu fullnwul. Ha ako rep«t«l to her the 
venes • When in the hall my f>t1i>r'. .nice.' 
10 reniMkabla far the uit'iLiiHtioat of Itii 
fiitore faHie, that glimmer through tltera, 
PriiDi llili Riament llie deiire of ipHmiug 
ID priut Cciuk entire pntsttiiDn of hiio, 
thungli for ihe jireiBfit bis ambilion did ngt 
eitcud In vie*> haioiid a iDiill •olume for 
private ciiculatioo.'^ 

The noiicf) of Lord Byron at ihi* 
period me animated and iolcrcsling, 
bill are more so perhaps when read 
with reference tn what he afterward* 
became, than as varying (with ihe ex- 
ception of his poelry) from the life of 
any oiher man of fasiiion. He affected 
an indifference lo his volume, which 
he did noi feel — nnd he evidently 
and naturally relished the encomiiimi 
which private friendship and profes- 
sional criticism bestowed upon bli 

Wo have eipretied our intention of 
abataiiiing from any further allusion lO 
thai gloomy icepiicism which tniJk 
such early root in ihe mind of Lord 
Byron ; bnt we nienlion it now, lo 
Elate thai the lubjecl is noticed by Mr. 
Moore in a very affecting way, ho- 
iiciurable alilte lo hit own principles, 
and 10 that ftiendthip for Lord Byron 
which refers with a true feeling of 
soirow this melancholy temperament 
10 the absence of that controul which 
bis passions and his pride mnit required 
al tnis period of his life. The passa^ 
is somewhat long, but we will gite it, 
in jtislice to all patties, entire: 

" It il hat rarely that iafidelitT or acrp- 
ticism Endi u ralnnce into youthful mindi. 
Tliit teadineii to lake the future upon tcuil, 
which is ths chirm at this period of life, 

ofbolieruwefrDaofhape. Theie are alio 
theu, itUI fresh ID the Buiul, ibe impifition* 
of eulj religiooi culture, mhicb, eiea ia 

f.i™ gi« ->j buriio-ij lo xr«7n>«h- 

und the beoefit o[' tbeit iDoril reslnlat 

If n 

'* MiM Plaot, who nu not befiirs twtrt from letpoi 
of h'M tarn for tenifvln;, had beeo rndiiig it muiC ba 
aloiHl lbs poems of Uurni, whco juuiig temptstiimi 
Bttob aaid, • that hi loo .u . Poet ion,.. 
liMB, ufl would mnu down for her .ome 
msca of hi* oka which he remumbercd. 
Ha ibao vilb a pencil ^roM ibrre liusi, (>e- 
ffmia^, ' la (baa I bodlj hoped to olup,' 

etnptioD from the checks of rellgioD be, 

infidels tk ■ •■ ""' 

from lesi 

libiUi)' ilangeioui st all times, 

peculisdj so in that shidd of 

. joulh, when the piiioni are 

lufficienlly diiponed Co aiDtp a iititude C>r 

' imselves, without taking a liceuce alio 

m infidelitj to ea\%tgt ilicit range. It is, 

^reforci fuitonate that, fui ihecaiisti just 

tcil, th« iiuaaAt dI Kc^^um w^ SiAa- 


Rbvibw.— Moore's Life of Lord Bfron. 


ihat I long for an opportnnity to give the 
Ke to the verie that follows. If I were not 
perfectly coDvinccd that any thing I may 
naTe formerly uttered in the boyish raah- 
neet of my misplaced resentment had made 
as little impression as it deserved to roake^ 
I should hardW have the oonfideooc — per- 
haps your Lordship may give it a stronger 
and more appropriate appellation — ^to send 
you a quarto of the same scribbler. Bat 
your Lordship, I am sorry to observe to* 
day, is troubled with the gout : if my book 
can produce a laugh against itself or the 
author, it will be of some service. If it can 
set you to sleep, the benefit will be yet 
greater; and as some &cetious personage 
observed half a century ago, that < poetry is 
a mere drug,' I ofier yon mine as an humble 
assistant to the * eau nUdeemale.* I trust 
you will forgive this and all my other buf- 
fooneries, and believe me to be, with great 
respect, your Lordship's obliged and smcere 
aervant, Byron." 

The public adolation which follow- 
ed this poem did not tend to improve 
his character ; he was proud and re- 
8er\'ed; he had drawn his poetical por- 
trait as that of one of melancholy and 
sadness, and he appears to have worn 
such an appearance iu vindication of 
his consistency. To those behind the 
scenes, his manners, on the contrary, 
are represented as frank, social, and 
ensaging. There was too much of 
this masquerading for a strong or ho« 
nourable mind to have practised ; it 
was a species of hypocrisy too that flat- 
tered hu pride, ana amused his vanity. 
During the three following years» his 
poetry was poured out in rich profu- 
sion of talent ;— but we have no space 
to particularise. 

His marriage and the unfortunate 
circumstances that succeeded, are 
treated bv Mr. Moore with great deli- 
cacy, anci in a way which scarcely an v 
other pen could have managed so well. 

In a letter to Mr. Moore, Lord By- 
ron thus expresses himself on the sub- 
ject of his separation, an avowal ho- 
nourable to his candour and to the 
character of Lady Byron : 

'< I must set you right in one point, how- 
ever i the &ult was not, no, nor even the 
misfortune in my choice, unless in choosing 
at all } for I do not believe, and I must say 
it in the very dregs of all this bitter busi- 
ness, that there ever was a better or even a 
brighter, a kinder, or a more amiable and 
agreeable being than Lady B. I never had 
■or can have any reproach to make her 
whila with ne. Where there is blame it 
belongs to myself, and if I cannot redeem, 

A parting word, and we have dorre. 
We should deem it little less than blas« 
phemy to be told, that if l>ord Byron 
had been a better man, he would have 
been a worse poet. What he mieht 
have been, had he drank of that living 
fountain which would have healed his 
sorrows and purified hn ioiellect, it 
were now in vain to inquire. The 
followins thought of a writer less 
known tnan he deserves to be, tells us 
in language as elegant as the sentiment 
is just, how a taste for the beauties of 
the natural world with which the 
poetry of Lord Byron is rife, is quick- 
ened» improved, and elevated by reli- 
gious feeling : 

" The sun may beantify the faee of na- 
ture, the planets may roll in majestic order 
through the immensity of space, spring 
may spread.her blossoms, summer may ripen 
her fruits, autumn may call to the banquety 
the senses are regaled ; but in the heart that 
is not purified by religious senttnwnts, there 
is no perception of spiritual beauty, no move* 
meat of spiritual delight, no reference to 
that Hand which is scattering around tho 
means of enjoyment, and the incentives to 
praise. But let the heart be touched with 
that etherial spark which is elicited by the 
Word of God and the promises of his Son ; 
let the sinful affections be removed, and the 
influence of a devout spirit be cherished; 
let intelUcl and refUetum become the kand^ 
maidi of Piety i tlien we shall see GUkI itt 
all that is great and beautiful b creation^ 
and feel him in all that is cheerful and 
happy in our own minds.*' 

The volume before us brings the 
life of Lord Byron down to the period 
of his final depart sre from England. 
We cannot help thinking that some- 
thing too much has been aflbrded; 
, and we cannot conceal our apprehen- 
sions that, as the poetry of Lord Byron 
produced a generation of sceptical mi« 
santhropes, so the details of his fashion- 
able excesses may provoke a spirit of 
imitation in the t hough tless, the giddy, 
and the young. 

Remarks on the CivU DutUnUHes o/BriHsk 
Jews, By Francis Henry Goldamid. Col-* 
bum and Bentley. 

THE argument of Mr. Goldsmid. 
for the emancipation of the British 
Jews, is founded on an investigation 
of the Statutes. He first disposes of 
the objection that they are aliens, 
by citing very competent authorities 
against that doctrine, and then proceeds 
to an czanuoatioo of the various Acts 

mongrel Parli.imrnl, lo be comnosed 
of "Jews, Turk., infidels, and lierc- 
lic!,'' lei ihetn answer for ii who 
framed llic Trinity and Popish Eman- 
cipalinn Billi. 

Mr. Gutdtmid'i pamphlet li wriLlen 

insure ii a rrspcclful atlcniioi), and hii 
argumirnts displaj tlie lincerit;; of his 
and ibe aculeneas of his 

IS30.] Revibw — GoldEinicl on the Civil D'aabillliet of the Jeici. 151, 

or FarJiameni hy which iheir cWil li- 
iitnj ii invaded. It appeati lo us ihai 
ihe WM of the Jews wot not originally 
aniiripatrd by ihe framers of ihc laws 
cf England, bccnnie i hey were conii- 
tiered a iiTaDgepcopledweliingamongst 
lit, by permiuion or by suflerancc; 
even now, when we speak lo a Jew of 
ihoie of hit own faiib, we term ihem 
tkiue ijf All nnfiDD. The case may hnve 
lieen illered by subiequeiii Siatuies. 
The Jews, however, have not been 
di*i]ualitied by particular enacimenis 
diieded anainst ihcm ; but ihcy have 
been inrolied in the various »acra- 
ntcnlal and other les». for the ckcIu- 
lion of dissenters ; and the annual Bill 
of Indemnity abtalred ihrm from ihe 
penahin ihat'mlght hnve been incur- 
red, equally will) ihe Unitarians and 
other*. But the repeal of the Test 
and Corporation Acu has rendered the 
siluition ofiheJew worse than before. 
A Declaration hai been framed, to 
which he CBonat uostibly subgcrihe, 
and he is now wiinaul any other re- 
■ iniHly than the direct interference of 
the Lraislalure. 

£nglind was certainly meant, at the 
time of the Reformation, to be » Chrii- 
(iaa Prxpleslanl counlry. The multi- 
plication «r>cci» in Croninell's tiine 
did nnl alter ihii character of the Con- 
Out niodein liberals have 

be Frolcttant. Therefore, Mr. Gold- 
imid'a argnmenit are, in our an'inion, 
fair; and Jews have as just a claim lo 
lit in ParlijmcDi as Papist), anti so 
hate Maham elans. 

It temains lo lie seen whether our 
nobles wid country gcntlciucn, who 
are of nui« English blood but are poor, 
will allow the landed estates of ihti 
Goonlry lo he bought up by the Jews, 
who are rich and e<}nHl to ihepirchasc. 

In a tcliK>nus tiew, the scttlciiient 
at ih« Jcws~in fiechnld ctiaies in Eng- 
land would impede their return when 
»eMi.ih iliall call iheui home; but 
ihia ia • coiiitder«tion for them. In 
ihc same way many Killed at Baby- 
lon, and would not return after tlic 
publication of the edict for lebuilding 
the Temple. With all ibis we Chris- 
liana bate noibing to do. Wc only 
wish ihal iheir learned men would 
turn from the legends of the Talmud, 
iiu] contaU Iheir Bibles. 

If ihcre be any ibing galling to Eng- 
lishOHu) tfho lore ihsir cuiuitry and 
ibe |iio»ptcl of a 

ASktlehfflht Hislani'^CarnaTiieB Casllt. 
By Jtmei Hckj Kaaili}. Pooli wkI 

THIS volume has more merit than 
many larger publications. As a pleaa^ 
ing fkerene 10 ttaniient visitors lo 
Catnari'Oii, Mr. Braniby must hence- 
forth be a tine qua Ron i because hit 
book will tell of^ things which cannot 
niherwiie be known, excejit by an 
immense labour of consulting many 

The author modesily denominates 
his book a Sketch of History, that 
"aims at no pomp of language, or 
brilliancy of colounne. He has stu- 
died simplicity, and TelV objects and 
circum^iunces to make their own Im- 
pression." In this aim he bos com- 
Cletely succeeded. Wilness the foU 
iwing picture of Llewellyn's heroism, 
on Edward's proceeding into Wales, 

that Prince's poiver j 

" The njii banaeri were ooce mora ua- 
fniled upoo llie loouDlsiai, the tnimpet 
oiled [o battle, (cd UeBcllyiiiUauad wliDm 
his couplrjmcD alnji flocliecl at the ioudiI 
of H>r, preniled to dcbad himiAlf acaiDit 
Ihe iov^rs. While die tide rolled dn «ith 

lOQa to b* uDperved. The hour ipptDtched 
when his hean oai to jield iu tipiring sigh, 
and hi> glory to be tbrou^td in impBDatn- 
ble darknen. Od cha lUh of Decembar, 
I LlandiTeiri ia Radnor- 

, Dot f» Uaa 

god fitim 

hit death 

phea de 

■u not till h> had been ion: 

ing in hia blood that ha wu 

bnl >iiK>ed the Geld »itlioui 

fint, and Ob thai fatal dajr th 

culiarily in hia dreu or sppe 


. Sm- 


Rbvibw.— Bran»by*8 Hutoiry of Otrnarvon .CatlLs* [Feb. 

tif a thoaC of snrprm tod Joy bant from 
the Eoglith troo|M| and the conflict «•• 

over I" 

The fate of Llewellyn*t brother is 
tragical indeed, and pathetically nar- 
rated. Patting from thai event to the 
incorporation of Wales with England, 
Mr. Bransby (as an Englishman, who 
aeeros to have adopted Wales as his 
chosen residence,) monages the deli- 
cate subject with peculiar address, and 
by uo means at the expetice of truth. 

<'To vindicate the motives which led to 
this important conquest, and the meaoi by 
which it was achieved, — to prove that it 
wae founded in justice or in necessitji would 
perhaps be a difficult at well as an invidious 
and unprofitable task} yet who can doubt 
that great good was accomplished by it? 
who will deny that the result has proved 
eminently beneficial ? An end was put to 
the sangubary disputes in which the two 
nations oad Men so constantly embroiled, 
the oKve of peace was planted on the moun- 
tain sidcy and both the victors and the van- 
quished saw that it waa their interest no 
lets than their duty to cherish a pacific and 
friendly diipotitioo towardt each odier. They 
became one people { enjoyed, in after yeart, 
the protection of the tame laws ; and have 
now the untpeakable privilege of calling 
their own the same political institutions — 
inttitutioni not turpatted in grandeur. In 
beauty, or in usefulness, even by those 
which adorn the fiibled realms of Utopia and 
Atlantis." • 

But as conquest over such a people 
as those whom Edward had subju- 
gated, — a people accustomed to diffi- 
culties, ana fearless of dansers,— could 
not be achieved without leaving a la- 
tent, untamed spirit, ready to burst 
forth and cast off the yoke, unless 

* ** Though every one must honour the 
fisellng which leads the well-educated Welsh- 
man to look with affectionate pride upon 
hit native language, and to be anxious for 
its preservation, yet many advantages would 
arise firom its ceasing to be a spoken lan- 
guage. It presents a serious obstacle to 
tne intellectual and moral improvement of 
the lower classes. They have not the means 
of keeping pace with their fellow subjects, 
or of being emancipated from the prejudices 
and tuperetitious inseparable from igno- 
imncei which imprest upon them the cha- 
racteristics of a distinct and teparate tribe. 
Who that has a heart in hit bosom but 
waM Njoice to tee them nnivertally and 
fully participating in the blessings which 
dM improved fbrmt of education and the 
of teieaee are conferring upon the 
of this fit? oured Und ? '* 

watched and overawed,— the " ruth- 
less king,*' as Gray terms him, built, 
for the twofold purpose of intimida- 
tion and safety, the castles of Carnar- 
von, Conway, and Rhuddlan. Of 
these, Mr. Bransby justly observes, 

" Gunarvon Castle has a claim to pre- 
eminence, on account both of Its original 
grandeur and of the place which it occu- 
pies in the page of the historian. Its sun, 
rormerlv so glorious, is set — the pride of its 
strength is gone ; but, even now, amidst the 
devastations of timci it It imprettively ma- 
jestic. — So beautiful a ruin mutt ttrike even 
the idle and listless apeotator, while no man 
of genuine taste can approach it without be- 
ing deeply inurested. There b spread over 
it a certain tranquil gloom which it fitvour- 
able to meditation ; — a tolemnity which ap- 
peals to the heart, luggetting pure and ele- 
vated thoughts, and teaching the most sa- 
lutary lettons. — Most of our princely and 
baronial structures, now crumbling into dott, 
are composed of different portions, which 
exhibit specimens of the arenitecture of dif- 
ferent ages. But such is not the case with 
the huge pile at Carnarvon i it was begun 
and rendered complete by Edward, and oat 
received no addiciont from any of itt iubee- 
quent poetestort." 

Many of the notes are extremely cu- 
rious, and demonstrate Mr. Bransby to 
have a discriminating mind and a kind 

To the reasons, specified by Mr. B. 
in a note, pp. 8, g, for planting yew- 
trees, &c. in church-yards, and inter- 
dicting their prostration, might he not 
have added the marital uses to which 
the wood of the yew-tree was applied, 
— that of bows, before the invention 
of fire-arms, about the year 1460? 
When invasion or sodden attack was 
apprehended, — to the church-yard 
might simultaneously resort the inha- 
bitants of every parish, and there 
speedily supply themselves with wea- 
TOns, as from a common armoury.* 
The lopping of branches for such a 
purpose would not come within the 
interdict, ** Ne Reclor arborei in ee- 
melerio proslernal i" because no tree, 
perhaps, sustains so little iintiTy by 
lopping, as the yew. Loppeci, more- 
over, under such patriotic circnm- 
stanccs, the severing of some of its 
branches would be done by the na- 

* Mr. Ritton tayt, '< it may be qnestion- 
ed whether a body of exnert archers would 
not, even at this day, ne anperior to an 
equal number armed with matkett,*'— Note, 

nf«.-^Diaig of Ralph Tkorfsbij. 


tion ; nmiiiloiiix >t almost as n aacreil 
(lepirierat guirdian, iliat wai at cveiy 
fuluic crUU to yiild ihem and ihcir 
children a Turther supjily. 

TV Diary end Cam^mlmce <^ Ralph TI.O- 
™(y. FMS. ^utier o/" ThcTipfraJilit/ 
^ Lttdt," 1677—173*. Natajirii fub- 
tahidfmm UuOrieiHol Menuitrift, by 
tkt Ar«. Jutph Hunlcr, F.S.A. Four 
ml), vw. CutLucn and Dcntlij- 
ANOTHER diory of a life devoted 
|o liirraiurc liai cicspcil the >-icculenli 
lo which all wtJiin^ or ihli kiiul an 
npMiFil, and tome peculiar dunEM) of 
iu awn, and aficr ihc lnpic of more 
iban « cenluiy I* now odcrcd lo the 
pnblie. We rrjoicc lo lee reni»in» 
af Uii> kind broUghi froili iheir hiding 
placci t ihey are moil valunblc ilcpoii- 
pm'iti of authentic iarorniation, to be 
Mcd heieafiier in bislorics nf ihe hier«< 
lore and tcirnce of EiiicUml, and In 
ibe biograiihici of the diMinuuinhed 
tnen mhoiliave r>iie<l 9" liigh liie clia- 
Hcler of one nation. MJiiy a fuel be- 
fore unbuowti ha* raoic Toiih In the 
Oiariei of Evelyn and Pcjiyt, and n 
glance ai ihe minute inilex which rt 
addeii lo Ihme Toluotei, will bIiow iliat 
wa have here a work which in theic 
rnpecu it not behind fiirmct diiiici. 
The; prcicui alto biihrul, and oficn 
verv agreeable iiTciurcs of ihe n>aiiiii;ts 
vf life, the liabiia and iludies of ihe 

EMton who nialscl lllv tecotd of his 
fc. And ihcrc are no wtitingt which 
equalljF wilh ihtsc cany us into timet 
loag paneduwuy, undgivcuiadiiiincl 
inipteaa of ihe " manners living'' as 
ibev wetc. 

The name of Tlioresby hjs been 
long r«milijir to the pobiic ear. Wn 
VkuMta Leodlcntii, or Topography of 
Litedt, has always liecn .1 bniik ptiicd 
and popular, li is dislingnltheil Froiii 
•n booh* of topogr«|ihy whieli pre- 
ceded il. and from masi of Ihme which 
bare 6illoH-ed it. by having ihc dryncii 
•f iu Mtiquatian deiails relieved by an 

mtni, or rather of ihojc dowils having 
ftCM'cd an ioipreia frnm the amiable 
md devotional spirit of the wtilrr. 
Tbe name oF Thoitsby a found in the 
wiiiings of many of his aiiiiqiiaiiiin 
«(MI*nit>oraric>, lor he was ever ready 
laawiu incvcry attrmplnl illualriiiiiig 
the oiitMitc points in the hisiury of ihe 
eaaatry. Bui perhaps liei»l>'M known, 
OacT. ftUd. njir^y, laao. 


and row most freqtienily nitnlioned. 
us ihe potieiior of a very extensive ana 
cutious Museum, in which were dl^ 
posited ratiiies buih of nainre andatlf 
Tostils ami shells \ books, manuscript*, 
prinls, coins, and aiiiogrephs. A de^ 
scriptivc catalogue is annexed to iha 
Docaiu). We see in this Diary huW 
a private person, in a couniry (own, 
and with a small forlnne, was able lo 
amass a Ireature which maycKcilc ih« 
but less foil 

niyof the 1 
mate col lee 

■oi pre-ei 

ihil iiill increasing and flourishing fa- 
nitly. Like tome nfhit sncceBSi>rs, he 
half stored up some things as valaabl^ 
rarities, which belter judgment and 
superior knowletlge would h.ive leil 
him to reject. Bui cnmpaie his CaUi* 
logiie with that of Ihe Trsileseanis 
ami hnw superior was hit Mui^eum ta 
theirs ! Thrre was in ii very little to 
\k dcfnised, and a great deal to be 

Thnrciby WAS a man of insaliabta 
curiosity. As we rend his Diary, and 
it sliikes us thai this was the most di^ 
linguishing feature of his mind. Thf 
subjeeit on which hie knowledge was 
pr«rtnind nre few; hot there are few 
suh^ecia which interest mankind, n 
which lilswasnolaisome timeotothct 
direcled. The natural bios of his di^ 
po«iiiun was in anliqiwrian and hiitop 
rical intjuiry. This seems lo hate bent 
piien htm in his youth. He lells ui 
that his mind was directed to one |>b^ 
lieular subject of aniiquarian inquiry, 
by n Sermon which he heard in the 
Church of Leeds when he was a hoyj 
and perhaps the general bias of hji 
mind to antiijuarian putsuiis, he mi^hti 
owe to a cobinei of coins, part of **'**^ 
furniiure of his father's honse, >vh.._ 
his father had purchased of the rain% 

But he was no less assiduous in re- 
cording ihan he was in inijuiring, We 
have heard of *u eminent antiquary <X 
the preteni djy, who »aid (hat he did 
not think ihe man deserving the natn< 
of an antiquary who did net ever* 
nighl minnie duwn whal he did, whtJk 
helieard.utfjwhomheconeersfd w" ' 
TlmrL'»b)'4 pretentions would bear 
iug lubmlued 10 this test. Wesei 
»hat i< primed how ht di'seendwl m 
mailers ilie iiiiisl niiniile ni his ^Kr>oM& 


RftViaw.—Oiaf^ of Ralph Thore$b^. 


chronicle. We may goess from wliat 
it published how much the editor has 
found it necessary to omit. 

Indeed, to say the truth, valuing as 
we do records such as these, we can 
well dispense with much that most of 
necessity 6nd a place in a book which 
IS to contain an account of what any 
man did ercry day of his life. It is 
also evident that it is due to the dead, 
and in many cases due to the living, 
that every thing which may be insert- 
ed in Diaries such as these, should not 
go forth to the world to minister matter 
for reproach, or for the comments of 
ill nature. But it is evident that he 
who sets out upon the principle of re- 
cording every day what he did and 
saw, must live iu very unfavourable 
circumstances indeed, it he do not leave 
behind him a work from which much 
may be expected that will amuse, in- 
struct, and inform. 

In many respects the situation of 
Thoresby was favourable. His home 
was, it IS true, in a provincial town, 
hut it was then, as it is now, a town 
q( great resort, and the fume of his 
museuoi attracted to his house the per- 
sons of distinction who visited the 
place, and especially Artists, Naturalists, 
and Antiquaries. But Thoreshy was 
fond of travelling. His Diary contains 
more instructive notices than any book 
with which we are acquainted, of the 
facilities and means for moving from 
place to place which our ancestors pos- 
sessed, at a time when steam-carriages 
and mail-coaches were alike unknown ; 
«nd when on these journeys, he often 
admits ns to the acquaintance of per- 
sons more eminent than those whom 
he saw in his native town. He fre- 
quently visited London; and, while 
sojourning there, his whole time was 
passed among the Philosophers, the 
Antiquaries, and the more eminent 
divines of the time. He was for ever 
at the libraries and museums. He 
omitted no opportunity of attending 
the meetings of his brethren of the 
Royal Society at Gresham College. 
And he sometimes, as when he relates 
the conversation which he held with 
the antiquarian Earl of Pembroke in 
that nobleman*s cabinet of medals, 
preserves remarks on scientific subjects, 
which are useful and important.^ 

^ Tl^ere is scarcely an Antiquary, or a 
distinguished Naturalist of the time, 
.with whom Thoresby was not more 
flf Jem acqumnud ; and there was do 

one with whom he was acquainted 
whose name does not appear in his 
Diary. With many he was upon terms 
of close intimacy. Not inferior in in- 
terest or in value to the Diary, are the 
letters which accompany it. Among 
the naturalists whom Thoresby had the 
honour to reckon among his friends, 
and whose letters are found in the cor- 
res|x>ndencc, were Lister, Evelyn, 
Ray, Woodward, and Sloane. But 
the band of Antiquaries of the time 
whom Thoresby numbered ampng his 
friends, and whose letters grace thii 
collection of original correspondence, 
consists of the distinguished uamea ot 
Nicolson, Gibson, the Gales, Smithy 
Lhwyd, Hickes, Strype, Hearne, and 

The attention of Thoresby was not 
so dissipated over the wide field which 
his curiosity induced him to explore, 
at not to be brought to settle on any 
particular point. In fact, there were 
two subjects to which his attention 
seems to have been more narticularly 
directed, and which served as points 
about which to wind the information 
which he collected in his reading, in 
bis journies, and by the conversation 
and correspondence of his friends. A 
taunt of tne Romanists that the Eng- 
lish Protestants had not encouraged 
virtue, piety, and charity as their fore- 
fathers had done, early roused a spirit 
of inquiry into the justice of the charge^ 
and he exulted in the nomerons list of 
Protestant benefactors he was able to 
collect : he was ever in the porsnit of 
them, and wherever he found them, 
he not only held them in high esteem, 
but he transferred to his paper the re* 
cord of their liberal deeds. The his- 
tory of his native town, Leeds and the 
district surrounding it, the Loidis and 
the Elmete of Bede, was another point. 
The Ducatus contains the results, but 
it is in this Diary that we learn how 
he collected the information which 
that volume contains. We see some 
of his topographical theories in their 
rudiments, and persoiis interested in 
these inquiries may have the same sra* 
tification from these volumes which H 
afforded by the sight of the earlier ef- 
forts of the artist before he produces a 
finished engraving. 

This subject, however, led directly 
to another. The field df his topogra- 
phical inqniries became extended be- 
yond its original limits. The whole of 
the great oouaty lay befoce bin tbto 




.lEW.— Oi'iry 

wholly undcscribnl. Ii don not Kp> 
|war Ihit he rtvr nieililnml n worL 
vpoQlliv liitionrorihecnunijat Ijrgp; 
l>ui hi* eollrciioni liid a braring upon 
Ihat objrct, •nd patiiculnrly liii liio- 
f:r>pl>ical coHrrlion*, for il i» e*iJriil 
thai il Mas tnnngli ihat ■ mkn was 
Ebtrarmrit, to be ctiiiiln) lo more 
than llic onlinary curiosiiy and ihe 

Wr thoiitd Ihinic lliat thii woik 
■null pouris vrry ppciiliar rlaimi upan 
Ihe atieniion of ilir inhabiunii oi ilie 
cnuniy of York ; bui «c are lure ihs 
people of Lccdi and itt neighbour liood 
will find it a work of vtry lurp^iiing 
inlcreat, nhibitingas ii doea in luch 
ininate detail the siudiei, liie tiabiit, 
atMl the punuiu of ilirir own aitii- 
rfiulj, wdqitl ' wk htr« fhill* lOi tiave 

liem alio a iiK-ful lowniiiiftn, laking 
on aeliTe pan in all llie affair* o( the 
borough. inieteititiK himielf in erery 
lliinK which leiidi'd lo advance tlie 
welfare of ihe place, and lympMhizing 
in all llie ptiiate (orroH s uf hi) neigh- 

Tbe peculiatilie! of TKornby'i own 
(ituMion and chaniritr uHbid in iKeit 
|is^ ait aereeable lulijecl of conleni- 
ptation. Hit fiihei wni a mercliaiil, 
doil he iTBl Irjined rn merchandize. 
In Ihe early [tart oflii* life he was sent 
ta Dalland ii> compkie hi* mcrcaniile 
tducaiiant but he never made, as he 
uya of liiimeir, > tiierclianl worth a 
ftrihing. nor ^oi Uick in pioRt ihe 
niDncy which il coal him m become 
Tree of one of the eommetcial cainpa- 
nkiuf the lime. He iiraisined in this 
ehancur great UMsei, and ii vi'ai nol 
111! lie nil lr«e from trade, and hnd 
retirxii opun a tiiiall, \ery cniBll, inde- 
Mudtniw, that he wat free from rnaiiy 
liarataing anniciin, and htd much rn- 
jojrnient of life. Wc sre him alto em- 
faaraaaed stilt mure in his religions prn- 
ttMion. llicre it no more proniiiirnt 
feature in hii chnroctrr ih^n n derii 
and earnest feelin,; of rttiiiion. It 
Mineiinm atipeais in ihe Diary ei- 
pmscd in 1anii;nage which is olniost 
doqueiit. Il hud been nronglii into 
hi* mind by his pious ftilher, who was 
one of the Purilau hraiicliei of the 
fj<a% Pmiciiiuit family, and who had 
liorae arni* in the Parlian 
The familj of his wife, 
tuairied early, i«ere slm icuilous Vox- 
fiaoKiiUridn* atid Puritans. Hei 
gnmlfalher had tat in judgment ni' 
the King, 3ud tuHcted dcmh. Tltujcg. 

ajnolph Tborubg. ]S]| 

by was t-nierinp life when the f,rrtg 
ttriiBgle was mukinn ngdinii ihe confl 
«ol.d..tion of a iionennro-ming uurtr* 
by Ihe remain* ..f Ihe Puritan prit- 
He and hi* father wrrc niiioiig iltl^ 
princinat pprs'mi at Leedii who colli 
cutrrd in ihc creation of a plan icT 
opsti fnr NoncitnformingHOrihin, ■■< 
soon as Ihe i-fliirls of the Court w, "■ 
a litilc relaxed in l(>78, and lo 
Nonconfiumists for many years li' 
hered, But time paaietlan, and 
views entered the mind of Th. 
and perhaps, 

him«lf, iLe __ 

this Diary are ihote in wtti^'h ih2' 
siriieglfs are exhibiied of a rrry d^ 
mind, and th^ 

of Thottsbj' 

ivhal rclales Id 

intereiiing parli t^' 

in wl.i^h lh«- 

imcnl* are here enhibiitd, prepar»4 
lo hi) return lo the bosom of ih* 
irch, in which he rcinain«l to th^" 


cf.i.clnsi'nn"or"hiriife. , 

Thfire5h> ,va, eniinenlly the relt^ 
gioiii charoncf. His dcioiinnal exer^ 
ciiei are to piqiiani as lo cxtiic tMf 
pritein .uch ana^ea.lhij. Hi. dt, 
volion lost none of III fervour when Itf 
tii-canie a conformi't. In the concefurf' 
of the Sucielj for Promolinit Chriitian' 
Knowledge, and ofibe SoiMely for th* 
l'rn|)ai:aiion of the Gospel, he w»2 
deeply inicreilrd. Those wlio do iirf 
peruse Ihese iolume.f<,r Ihr value rjf* 

rcipcninj the 

ihey coiilolS 
neni liicr-t* 

of lb}' 

liaie, may be edified by iheir piet,^ 
while they foilnw the rrfleciion* of 
Thoretby"* own mind, accompany hiaf 
in hit recollfclioni of ivli^iou* di». 
'hich be hid ai-ended, ■ 

peiusp the lellcrs of men diti 


ng ihe pious of an »ge gnne by, 
Keywood, Ilcnry, and Boyse; or tM' 
prt'laies. Sharp and It.itnri. i 

We cannot cloic ihii noijce nithottt 
obaerving thai He huve no where see* 
accoutiit equally minute of the piM 
cecdingK of a comiiiiiniiyuf OmBriiiera 
in the most inlereiiiiig peiiud of ibtir 
history, with Ihosc wliich arc hem 
cxiiihiicd of ihe Noncuii form ill* of 

We ha< 

of Ihe 

worthy iiiDn whnso life it here to 
pluinly mapped 
there are a few useful 
lie very able Ediu . 

limi* introduced original iioiices 
persons, chiefly the Vurkthii 
quiitiei, wlui nie ti-ss knnwu 

ri;jiltT, uiid vihv tuTui«:<li \.W Vv\«u 

ul notes by iba^H 
who has lotiici^^^^l 
iginal noiices of^^l 
Vorkthire aiilM'^H 
1 knnwu w vVt^^H 


RsTiiw.-^Mrs. Bray*t Fitx ofFitz-Ford. 


oirde in which, when at home, 
Thorcftby was often to be found. 

JPiiz of FitxrPordy a Legend of Devon, By 
Mr*. Bra;, Author qf De Foix, The IVhite- 
hoodSf I*rotettarU, S^c. dCc, Dedicated by 
permiuian to his Grace the Duke of Bed- 
Jord. 3 volt, post 8vo. Smith and Elder. 

IT has b«en somewhere, and wc 
tliink with great truth, observed, that 
if a man would become a poet he 
should take up his residence in a 
niountain-country t and as we do not 
mean to quote this remark as if re- 
stricted to writers in metre only, we 
may assert that " FitE of Fitz-Ford" 
win form a striking example of its 
truth. Tliis is now the fourth Ro- 
mance, from the pen of Mrs. Bray, 
M*hich has been noticed in these pages. 
Characteristic and insiruciive as the 
6thers are, to this, for the reason above 
assigned, depending on the circum- 
stances under which it has been writ- 
ten, we are disposed to give the palm. 
Mrs. Bray is evidently a keen observer 
of nature, whether in the varied per- 
sonages, of all degrees, " who strut and 
fret their hour on the stage of human 
life,** or in the scenery of that magni- 
ficent theatre in which they act, 

'' — the forms eternal of created things, 
The radiant Sun, the Moon's nocturnal lamp. 
The mountains, woods, and streams, the 

rolling globe, 
' the green earth, the wild resounding 

With light and shade alternate, warmth and 

And clear autumnal skies, and vernal showers, 
And all the fair variety." 

Placed in a situation where these 
beautiful features are continually be- 
fore the eve, the most callous and in- 
sensible heart most, in some degree, 
acknowledge their influence. What, 
then, must he their effect on a pure 
and polished imagination, in which, as 
by nature's mirror, the glassy lake, each 
surrounding object is reflected, if in a 
new position, still with the strictest 
truth — a truth which the writer stu- 
dious of nature will find acknowledged 
by that universal responsive feeling 
which her great Author has implanted 
in the human breast, accordant with 
his works. 

The scene of Mrs. Bray*s Romance, 

« the tells us iirthe Introduction, is 

kid in the immediate neighbourhood 

Vto- own reskknee, Taf islock. The 

traditions of the place hate afforded 
her, it appears, some slight ground* 
work for her story ; one of which says, 
that Judge Glanvile, who flourished in 
the rcjgn of Eliiabeih, condemned his 
own daughter to death. And Prince 
has told us, that Sir John Filz, coun« 
sellor-at-law and sheriff of Devon» in 
the above-mentioned sera, was much 
addicted to the stud^ of judicial astro- 
logy, and that casting the nativity of 
his child, even at the moment of its 
taking place, found by " these arts 
inhibited and out of warrant", thai he 
would come to an unlucky end. it 
fell out indeed as the astrologer had 
predicted : this son baring attained Uk 
manhood, killed his neighbour. Sir Ni* 
choHis Sianning, in a duel, and sub* 
semif ntly ended his days by suicide. 

VVe should infringe on the usual 
limits appropriated in these columns to 
a review, if we should particularly de» 
tail the plot which Mrsi Bray has con* 
structed on the above hints, or should 
attempt to describe all the characters 
introduced into her Romance. Her iiw 
timate acquaintance with history, and 
ancient manners in general, and hei 
local experience in Devon, has afforded 
her great advantages in the formation 
of her tale. Thus we have bold and 
masterly sketches of cavern scenes, in 
which the bands of outlawed miners, 
who infested Dartmoor in the time of 
Elizabeth, are the acton. Levi, a 
Jew, an agent for the illegal traffic of 
these men, is a particulatly well-con* 
ceived and finely-sustaincid character. 

The scene in which Mrs. Alice 
Physic (a proper name, by the bye, of 
frequent occurrence among the De* 
vonian commonalty) details to Master 
Barnabas, the instructor of the Latin 
boys in the Schola Regia.Tavistock- 
ensis, Mike of the Mount, the Min- 
strel, &c. seated round the kitcben-flre 
of the kni<;htly mansion of Fitz-Furd, 
the tale of Judge Glanvile condemning^ 
in his legal office, h:s own daughter to 
death, is such, as we conceive, may be 
fa\r\y pralleled with Corporal Trim's 
relation of his young master's d^th to 
the inmates of the kitchen, in the 
pases of that great master of the cords 
of human sympathy, Sterne. (See vol. 
i. p. SSg et seq.) We extract b porti6n 
of the death-bed scene of Sir Hugh 
Fitz (Mrs. Bray seems to have taken 
the liberty of designating him Hush 
instead of John, hiareal name, for the 
sake of distinguishing him from hb illo 


v.— Mr*. Bray's /'./: of Fils-Ford. 

e ihitik tills I 

r.ieJ Mn). . 

fiiifly illniUaliTC of hfr iilc 
palhclic, mid as ll limii on llic final 
■ntllnf^hnl; c»i»»lroplie of the lal*. 

•' Sr Hugh BO« Uj «lrn.r.,l on l.ii M, 
Iili htad uH (nni |i(um«il up hj pillu*t, 
int^'iOf ti<> titncti iriili piin, ind imw ■nil 
tlito uiiinje iliuie c;c* to hnr>n. in wliich 
tlu «*Ui] ihtTim fif iitio^utinn liiil B'feiJt 
Htt!«l, TtaAenus; dim rvcijr rcmiinlnK iptL 
uf light tail iDimition. Tlip ilun j» of .ttuili 
liciDguDh;al<t«w, mllitif. •ith I'loiKcire, 

nf ttwt Exlund iBn wliu noo it'iud (ixtd, 

•' nU i-ife wi» ool present j tntUij Fi'lz 

fecliMS, ulintit to .p« it»lf, but I«i (.re- 
fill of ill* CKliDei of tliB iljing. oould nol 
bear tU liglt ofdMili. She htd D.Ftcfnn) 
(huoiwil lh« |wtU)cr ur Ye4r(, of veal, aa3 
mot, •hll>( the vital •[Wik }<t gllmniirfd irs 
it nmcedi and, lut foi the filial li>ve of S^r 
John Fill, llie dMib-Uil nf At old man 
KDuM liave Icea lift to ilie atleodinca of 
nenial* ■nil that of Savcgnce, a purilanica] 
BlDilKr, who, duriag the laRar )<.'aTs of Sir 
Hugh'* life, had nuoaged to find cnnii- 
atflble fttour in hii siglji." 

■■ John Fill luppnrlcd Sir Hugh in liii 

baton of4>i* ion. ' Jnhn,' Hid lir', ■ mj drar 
bay. Kliiltt I lived, I fnnd W lell jou hIui I 

pioat Dot go down a aecret wltli lae to the 
entc — At thy birth tbero wu *n cTil in- 
liMBc* nfilielieaTeiu, that fnntdda fearful 
rxid to tli*e, aod tbal by mtertt mtalU- — 
Vwi hi>e a but Umper, apt (o >ti[ at tLrife. 
— rromiie bk, befuie 1 die, that jou hiII 
thun to draw jnuc inord on Dccuioni of 
quuiel — jiromiie it, and I iball die in 
fMacc.' Sir Hogh (poke (heia votdi witl) 
§o nuch effon, and in luch a htw tune, that 
II ni 0BI7 by the rivtlted alI«ulion »ith 
which John Fill liaumd, thu be eoiild uo- 
^titaod their impott He did ao bo*«t«i 
Md nplied in a »ice fuil of emolion, ■ 1 
vlII pTomiaa tbia, nay deal fklbci ( jDu ahall 
be oMTul.' 

" The (iiher caught ibeie enprraiioai of 
phpUaDC* ti> bit but CDunifl oitu rager ju^ ; 
ff aa roataot bii eye iirigliMiied, aoil lib 
aewud to icvitc Gk* the flwne of a lamp 
abacli ii Men to leap Dp but the mooient 
\Mfan to total eitiDCtion. He ptonuunced 
Om mrdt. ' Qod blesa jav, my too!' in a 
dktincl (Oioe ; buti ID anotberiaanieDt, the 

goat, and the rlgidllf of death ahooed llaetf 
In ntn feature. He luiik back in a i*ooB, 
bum onich be oiTtt recuteied." 

Itt dcMitfg lhe»e brief notices we 
treald eliame, that vir ihink ihe ci-n- 
M» «r Ml*. Bi*; on lite k)VG of family 

pcdigtee (vol. i. p. »g), however l^eenlj 
JHiinied, ioiii(wli4t hard ujitin 'I14 as 
aniiqiiaiies ; a leipect for a Inng line nf 
iligiinguiilied and nnnouTablr niiccuuia 
ii, or oug^i 10 be, some innniive to 
virnmos conilncl. It tniiy he a lac re- 
iBjrkcil, that nolcB, wheiher perional 
or illustralive, which have n t^ndcney 
la brinf: llic reader front the illuiion ID 
wImqIi be hag willingly lubmitieit his 
imaginaiion, back 10 the present time, 
had niueb belief he jnearporaird in 
ihe ill) rod lie lion, nr ,11 least he pl.tced 
tuibeeiid nf a work of fiction. It is 
in our n;>ininn, and we cuic not what 
author it; ma J sanction a cotitmry prac- 
lice, very rrtriiieoui judgnicnl 10 let 
the rca<ier_u.o frcqiicnlty bi'billd the 
iccnes. We coneludi: witli cypmsing 
our heariy approbaiioii of " Fill of 
Filz-Ford,'' ivliciliet for ibe sound 
ptiiicijilfB of religion ami molality 
which it every where ineidenlally inl. 
culcatet, its bvely delineations of cha- 
racter, ill faithful picture* of ancient 
itiDrinCTS and Devonian sceneiVi or tbe 
•implicLLy of style with which it is 
penned. Indeed the last is a point 
which we ibink worthy of peculiar 
ri Mil mend a lion ; there ii nothing of 
pedantry and alTeciaiion in ibe diciion 
of Ihil inlej none of the Hellenism 
and Lalioily wbieb learning is often 
templed to engrafi on the English 
longue. We sutpect that Mrs. Braji, 
while composing iheic volumes, has 
kept her eye fiiedly on our own great 
Shakspeare, and on Cervantes, as he 
appears in the excellent tranblalioa of 
his Don Quixote bji Jarri* ,■ and we 
will venture to predict that her reward 
will be I pcrmnneni name among the 
lirsi class of the writers of amusing and 
initruclive fiction ; and that when the 
numerous works, depicting the in- 
iriKues, the folliea, and the habit) of 
fashionable life, in the prescot a^, 
(ball tlec]i in undisturbed repose and 
oblivion with the real characters which 
they pretend to delineate, Mrs. Bray '■ 
Romance* will turrive, an example of 
the permanence secured by an adhe- 
rence to the simpliciiy of naiore. 

These volumes are interspersed with 
several pleasing piecea of poetry from 
the pen of the Rev. E. A. Bray, lo one 
of which, a ballad on the guperslili 


Arnault's Tragedy of Gasiaous Adolphat, 


ia eoBseqiience» eontidermble daimi upon 
the public latitude \ at any rata lie haa the 
approbation of those wh(i can duJy appre- 
date labortoat inquiry, although unaccom- 
paaied with the graces of rhetorio« or the 
tinsel of 6ction, that essential to the popu- 
larity of a roodiern work. Mr. Hartc s ac- 
count of the death of Gustavus may be 
summed up u follows : — 

Oo the ft9th Oct. 16S9, GusUvus took 
leave of his queen, at Erfurt, and set ont 
for Naumburg : his rapid advsnee from Ba- 
varia WIS unexpected by Walstctn, the Im- 
Serialist geOeral, who had then detached a 
ivision under Pappenheim, to tske posses- 
aion of Halle. Gustavus having intercepted 
a letter to an Imperialist officer, ordering iiim 
to hasten to Halle, and come oo with Pappen- 
heim to join the main body, he immediately 
decided on atCacking Walstein while his 
fiireea were scattered. The 5:h Nov. was 
•ccupied in advancing ; and by the evening 
of that day, the armies were in presence on 
tiie plain of Lutzen, separated only by the 
high road from Lelpsic, on each side of 
which was a deep ditch. Gusuvui passed 
the4iight in his coach. His intcntina was 
to attack the enemy l>efure dawn, but a 
thidc mist prevented him. He had divine 
aervice performed early ; and at nine o'clock 
he rode through the lines, and liarangued 
Kia troops { he then put himself at the head 
of the right wing, accompanied by the Duke 
of Saxe-Laoenburg, several aids-de-camp, 
•ad a few of his household. When the 
action had commenced, he observed that 
soma of the brigades did not advance, like 
the others, to pass the ditch ; he rode up 
and called out to them, to stand firm at least, 
aad see dieir master die. The king's ad- 
drcM had the desired effect; he advanced 
against the enemy, and soon received a m()r- 
iSl wound. Pappenheim arrived during the 
engagement, but with only a part of his 
division : he took his favourite post, (that 
opposed to Gustavus,) but while ^ivinf^ 
some orders, be was struck by a falconet 
ball, which caused his death. Plccolominl 
femaioed on the field till the Isit ; he re- 
ceived several wounds, but would not retire; 
he even attempted to carry off the dead body 
of Giutavus. 

Lauenburg is accused of being concerned 
in the king's death. A story is related of a 
personal affront he received from Gustavus, 
aad which excited his resentment : this 
atitcdote may suit a romance, and is thought 
to have had its origin south of the Alps ; 
Je fien i vero, e htn Invato, Ri^'cio {tie 
MUm GermaniciiJ declares ii anilemfabeUam, 
muiiereuiarem Miramenium, As all who 
vert near Gustavus perished, except Lauen- 
borg', who immediately rode out of the 
hittit, without communicating the circum- 
to Duke Bernard of Weimar, or the 
b jteaeral Kaiphausen, the Swedes to 
ly Mbtit that be gave some signal, 
■r Am a^Bosaarv (o the event; but 

whether his motives be founded on a private 
it*jury, or in fimaticism for the Imperial 
cause, cannot at this distance of time \>e 
determined. . 

To confine a dramatist to historical fact 
would be unreasonable, for some latitude is 
necessary for the play of imagination; but 
in the present case, the uncertainty which 
attaches to the king's death, justifies the 
introduction of even doubtful circumstances. 
Mr. Arnault represents Lauenburg as smart- 
ing with a recollection uf the injury he has 
recei%'ed from Gustavus, who generouily 
apologises to hiro. This magnanimity places 
the duke in a dilemma, as he has been or- 
dered by a secret trilninal (a sort of FehmJ, 
to kill the king. While in a state of sus- 
pense, he is reminded of his duty by Fre- 
deric, a fanatical student, who fearing the 
duke's irresolution, decides on committing 
the act himself; he advances to the tent 
where GusUvus is asleep, and fires at him, 
but without effect; he is then arrested, tried, 
and condemned. On the trial it appears, 
that the pistol lie had used l>elonged to 
Lauenburg, then presiding ; hut the young 
enthusiast, in order to nerve his cause, finds 
nn excuse, and congratulates himself, that 
he leaves behind him one who is bound to 
attempt the same deed. While I'Vederic is 
awuting the order for his execution, the 
Ittng enters and gives him a free pardon ; 
which act makes him as enthusiastic in his 
favour, as he was before in the cause of his 

The next incident which Mr. Arnault has 
invented, is the arrival of a deputation from 
Sweden, exhorting Gustavus to piit an end 
to the war. He declares hb intention rather 
to alidicate ; which so moves the deputies 
that thev cease to oppose his views : the 
young Christina is publicly declared his suc- 
cessor, aud the crown is solemnly placed on 
her head by her father. Public prayer is 
then made; the signal for entragcment is 
given ; aud GusUvus is soon after brought 
in mortally wounded, Lauenburg having 
given the concerted signal to the enemy. 
The king continues to give oidcrs, lives to 
hear the shout of victory, aud dies in the 
embraces of his wife and daughter. After 
his death Piccolomini is introduced, aud 
surrenders his sword to the royal corpse; 
this anecdote is borrowed from Dugueschin, 
but though quite unfounded respecting Gus- 
tavus, is perfectly consistent with the per- 
sonal respect entertained for him by nuny of 
his enemies. 

- The play is decidedly of the classical 
school, excepting of course the substitution 
of a pistol for a dagger. Without a single 
change of scene, the whole tragedy is re- 
presented in a large tent, decorated with the 
Swedish arms. It is true, that by occa- 
cionally drawing a curtain in the tent, a 
camp is rendered visible ; but with that ex- 
ception, we find the conversations and in- 
tetvievrt of Out\«^, ^he consultttioas of 

JJrican TuUooing. 

coiupintnn. the trill of ■ 

1 for 

fioalij the death of Gu 
plus in Lhe >ud Unt. 

! pnjren 

I. pnp.. 

ir Uling 
te Imi^BBge is 

hvonr of tin iiitce, that we ineet w iih nuue 
of ihoH Irdioui tpeechm in rhi/intd prow, 
■hich la fnqwnlly ■nnoy lu ia Frenob 
[ilip. HaOBVet tha (iriacipkl beiuilei of 
lllil (rte*''T I*"' ><■ '"■"''^ reiembluce Ed 
upprotcd p*[ti of lucci 
cululj' Epicluu-ii tnil n 
i'lncA piaCM to ouned 
vilhaut pfccUeljr inciirTia|! th* cliwp 
plagiuiini lb* luthnr can ■lurcct)' ' 

jetting ■ large pool of miagled blsod 
sirs on (he gcounrl, fed bjf a cnplom 
D flnwJDg fron tlie face of iha lillb 


till thi^j become inicmlhle ; and death !rii- 

quBstl} nccun lo •really aut. After loiA 

ila^i, whea iheir itrengtli it in ■ meaintb 

oleltUi (the letlornli they ara p rivitcged to beg lu du 

ltd to,) that ilreeti till cheir HuiiniU coinplewl} heali 

eliwge of ud thii dnea not labe place oftctitime* tot 

«, tLs 


ithi aflet the opetat 
children , during that lung period, c*^ 
(lender branchei of ttees in their handl, & 
order to icate a»ay Sin, whicb, an alight- 
ing upon tlie lueiated face, ci 
able pain, and occisioa it ti 
giouilj^ Thii impart! tn [hi 
an uDi1gluI]r appearance ; one than wliEdt 
nothing can be more trulj' dieguitiog : lit, 

in the deepett raiietj, waodering ilironA 
the tlreet) of Kalunga, and olhec citi% 
of the anil (laioit starting fur want of food. 
(in, ar iheir general appeaiaace, ii per- When a Yariljean perpetrate! eTer lo iit- 

■aliM larger ihu, hot certajglj nut unlibt 
tU bUd« of - '■ ■ 

{EMraeled fiom Lander', ftroorrfi <f Afrin 
muiLtd in p. 1*9.) 
Tlie uperstinn oftatldDiag, by which th 
diSvent racei in Africa ate diiirnsiiiihe 
frwD Moh other much oil 
mj oatonl pect 

tai children generallf, at the age of lii <u 
Ktca vean« undergD tbii punfnl process, 

patting the poor cirMuret lo eicrucialing 
■anun. I taw t«o girit tactuued at Kalun- 
e*. in the fnlh.wing rauMrt The handi 
and feet of each being Gnt bound, tile head 
wai held lif the father, and the opeiator ha- 
EW bit arurk by inak'uig fii 
the fiKrbe4d oiit ' 

Hted h; other inciaioni. Inflicted 
11 by the miniitera of juitice, thit 
Dei utterly undiitinguiihalile, aidt 
'eiiion of another people ia luliitj- 


u Amjiot, Ell]. Treunrtr, 

lU Pri. 

..f C.n 

>r tfae Focm 




Q Ch«n*tov, 
diuili nrj hi[ljF ilu [h 
hill Kith hi> clerioil cm 
ot Weubuiy ud hli bro 
vrnl particuliii of bittoricil imporUnca 
rclatita to the ptriod, alilch ia that wb*n 
Heorj tti« Elglith «u contsmplitiDf; hii 
mtnitga witli An« uf Cl»e. 

" ' ■ ■ - I. Hudmn Gunwj, Eiq. V.P. 

1)11 u.igned too tutj 
ioa of tUett b vpngw i 

ngtrded tbe probibility ihil tbs toim w 
vbich thej beluDgad, whithtr known u 

liMve f»i)t»d for • conilderibli! period potts- 
rinr to ttut M vhioh iti ntlnctioa hn bsM 
ditid. Among thr injcribrd; oh ■)- 


. (oo 

■bith, * 

I Loid 

o(Lu. ... _. 

lliroDgh tli< Eiirl .. 

lidiDtorihe Rocietj, 

lium il hid Ixi 
I (In tbg Form of in Engliib 
tnnilition) by Lord DudUy Caiilli SiuiR 

perUHl entiralj oocupiod tlii 
ingi. Il ii dMcriptive of lome hypogen or 
Elnucin vuM, UDCuiDpIfd in extent, 
•hicb hue heed recenil; diacDvered on the 
Fiiace'i eittUe it Ciiiiao. The firit »- 
oavitiniu wen inula in I89S r thty were 

■nd It oai time ■ hundred Ubouran were 
ttaphjti. Within the (pica oF irubeo of 

T3<ii\tj Stuin )i ptrt of them c 

lireljr of Etruicu character), (of wliich 

ipifla), »H raceiied »'pli«bau atj he leen in the '■ Celtic Dni- 

.f Abardean, the Pre- '<!'. Iv Godftry HigijlBj, eiq.") but otharti 

-'■ --' letten, of wrj pirfaot and ippt- 

of Grai 

-,,.. and Wiijiim Hoikin 
Ino. irchicact, wen 

Prout, Esq. of Brii- 
leape dnuKhtamwi,) 
, Esq. nf FarniYii'a 

■■ M. Loui, Frarcal, Petit R«lal. Mambe. 
of tba Ro,.l laitillite of France, in tha riau 
of tbe Academy of Inicriptiimi and Bellea 
Lattrei : a jieatlemu wall .eried la the hii- 
tory ind anliquitiai of nrioui part* of Eu- 
mpe, and who liai ptrticnlarry diitioguiihed 
himulf by hii reieirclm into tba earJj hii> 

, MofGrei 

Wm. Hunilb 

auperiority of Itdiin o»er Greeli ,n. It 
ippcva thu tba liie ii that of Vitulucia, 
" the leat of Italian grandeur" bafoia the 
faundatioD of Rome, and which the Prince 
ippeara to coniider had no ]o«;ar any n- 
ittenea ifter tbe founduion of^ttiat city. 
Upon ibli preiinnptiun ha raita hu com- 
puniiun, that the dep 

Dr. Iiieram,PreiideaC of Trinity Colleee, 
Oiford. F. S. A. .ant an acDunnt of .oma 
Norman llle. in the church ofRotherfield 
Orayi, OlfMd.bira. 

Croftou Crokar, E<q. F. S. A. commuoi- 
Bated tbm intareiiine letiari by Mr. Jamea 
Mw].hy. anhitcdt, Taulbnr uf Tra»el. in 
Punu^, Sic aec vol. l.v. p.848), addrened 
to hii painia, the Kight Hun. Wra. Burton 
■ 'in Portugal in 


I i« 3 


A Ballad. By thi Rct. B. A. Biur» 

t^ TnariMloek ; fiom Mrs, Bray's Romance of 

FUt tf FUz'FML 
SCARCE thadf the Moon^ through rolling 
A iUnt and fliekerf ng light i 
Long has the wearied villsger 
Shared the •' deep sleep** of night. 

Slow o'er the chureh-Tard's lonely path 

Yooag Edward bendi his way* 
Where bodies, from life's earee and toib 9 

Rest till the judgment day. 

Yews, drear at death, in lengthemng rows 

Spread a chill gloom around ; 
Beneath the verdant vault, his stepe 

In startling echoes sonnd. 

The heft in cireles o'er his head 

On leathern ^ion flits. 
What time, 'tb said, the wailing ghost 
His narrow mansion quits. 

With heart undaunted he proceeds 

To where, amid die skies, 
The spire uplifts his haughty heady 

And wind and storm defies. 

He enters now the frowning porch 
Hiat guards the hallowed door ; 

And, seated on its smooth- worn benehy 
Thus cons his purpose o'er. 

" Here, till the hour of midnight sonndy 

With patient heed I sUy : 
Such is my Emma's fond command. 

And gladly I obey. 

** Long though so coy, the yielding nudd 

Has smiled on my reouett ; 
To-morrow qnits a motner's carOy 

And seeks a husband's breast. 

<* What joys were mine, when thus she cried' 

' I know my Edward 's true : 
My mother and my home I 'II leave . 

To live and die with you ! 

** ' By arts, which now I blush to own, 

I ofi your love have tried ; 
And, if your courage be as strong. 

Yourself shall now decide. 

*' < Midsummer's awful eve is near. 
When they whose hearu are bold 

May, at the great church- door, 'tis said. 
The trsin of death behold ! 

« « Tliere, through the key-hole (swh the 

At midoiffht hour, the eye 
Sees those slow pacing through th* aisk 

Who b the year shall die. 

** ' Learn whether, then, the virgid tnSm 

(If you the sight can brave) 
Shall lead me to the nuptial bower. 

Or bear me to the grave. 

<< * For why, short joy to either heart. 
Should wedlock join our hands; 

If death, to pierce each heart the move. 
So soon shall break the bands ?'" 

Now through the sacred pile resonnda 

The long, last hour of night 1 
To the broad keyhole bends the youth. 

And through it darts hb sight. 

Bright through the windows boiett the 

And pours her beams around ; 
He hears, re-echoing throii^h die aisles. 

Slow fbotstepe tread the ground. 

Instant he sees a numerous train 

Approach in solemn pace ; 
A sable shroud surrounds eaoh limb 

And pale b every face. 

He watch'd t and, ere to ailes lemoto 

The speetres slow withdrew. 
Most, if^not all the ghostly train. 

The youth with horror Lmw I 

Some, doom'd in manhood's prime to hJi ; 

Some in the pride of charms ; 
And mothers, with their new-bom babes 

Reposing in their arms ! 

The feeble forms of hoary age 

Pass on with tott'ring Icnees : 
A coU sweat bathes hb shndd'ring Umba 

When, bst, himself he sees I 

Another Edward meets his eye. 

And ends the horrid train ! 
His breath b stopp'd, hb eyes are fixed, 

Hb bosom throbs with pain. 

His locks are stiffen'd with affright. 
His breath distends with sighs. 

Scarce can hb limbs support him 
He enters-^fiUb — and dbs 1 

JVriUen for a Lady's Albums under on 
Autograph of the Duke (f ffeUinf^ton. 

'IJIT'HEN Freedom, half vanquished, was 

^^ ybldbg to Fate, 

Whose uower, interpoeing, dark Destiny 

braved ? 

The darker the tempest, more firm and ekte 

Rose Wellington's spirit — and Europe 

was saved I 
London, Feb, 16. H. F. 

[ 164 ] 




HouiB or LoiiDS, Fd\ 4. 

The fourth Sesiion of the present Furlia* 
neot wu thie day opened by Royal Coni- 
miatioD ; when the Lard Chancellor delivered 
the following Speech :-~ 

<* My hard* and GetUfement 

** We are comnuadcd by bii MajeiU to 
inform you, that his Majesty receives from 
all Forfeign Powers the strongest assurances 
of their desire to maintain aiid cultivate t)ie 
most irindly xdatioai with this country. 
His Majesty has seen ii4th satisfaetiou that 
the war between Russia and the Ottoman 
Porte has been brought to a conclusion. 
The efforts of his Majesty to accomplish 
the main objects of the Treaty of the 6th 
JttlVt 1897** hare been unremitted. His 
Majesty having recently concerted with his 
Allies measurea for the pacification and final 
settlement of Greece, trusts that he shall 
l)e enablffdy at an early period, to communi- 
cate to you the particulars of this arrange- 
ment, with such information as may explain 
the conrsn which his Mnetty has pursued 
throughout the progress of these important 
transactions. His Majesty laments iliat he 
is unable to announce to you the prospect 
of a reconciliation l>etween the Princes of 
the House of Braganza. His Majesty has 
not yet deemed it expedient to re-establish* 
upon their ancient footing, his Majesty's 
diplomatic reUtions with the kingdom of 
Portugal. But the numerous embarrass- 
ments arising from the continued interrup- 
tion of these relations increase his Majesty's 
desire to effect the termination of so serious 
an evil. 

" Gentlemm qf the House qf Commom, 

" His Mijesty has directed the Estimates 
for the current year to he laid before you. 
They have been framed with every attention 
to economy, and it will be satisfisctory to you 
to leani, tuat his Msjesty will be enabled to 
make a considerable Reduction in the amount 
of the Public JSxpenditurct without impair- 
ing the efficiency of our Naval or Military 
Establishments. We are commanded by his 
Majesty to inform you, that although the 
National Income, during the last year, has 
not attained the full amount at which it had 
been estimated, the diminution is not such 
as to cause any doubt as to the future pros- 
perity of the Revenue. 

'< My Lords and Genllemen, 

" His Majesty commands us to acquamt 
you that his attentipn has been of late ear- 
nestly directed to various important consi- 
demtions connected with improvementa in 
the admin'istration of the law. His Majesty 
Av dineud Uuu mcMsures shali be submitted 

for your deliberation, of which some art eal- 
culated, in the opinion of his Mdesty, t^ 
facilitate and expedite tlie course of Justice 
in different parts of the United Kingdom^ 
and others appear to be necessary prelimina- 
ries to a revision of the practice and pro- 
ceedings of the superior Courts. We art 
commanded to assure you that his Majesty 
feels confident that you will give your best 
attention and swsistanoe to subjects of auch 
deep and lasting concern to the weli-being 
of lib people. Hia Majesty commands ua 
to inform you that the Export in the last 
year of British Produce and Manufactnrea 
has exceeded that of any former year. Hie 
Majesty laments, thaty notwithstanding this 
indication of active commerce, distress 
should prevail among the Agricultural and 
Manufacturing clasaea in aome parte of the 
United Kingdom. It arould be nsoet grati- 
fying to the paternal feelings of bb Majesty 
to be enabled to propoae for yo«r coondera- 
tion, measures calculated to xemove the dif- 
ficulties of any portion of his subjects^ and 
at the same time compatible with the general 
and permanent interests of his people. It 
is from a deep solicitude for those interests 
that his Majesty b impressed with the iie> 
cessity of acting with extreme caution in 
refierence to this important subject. His 
Majesty feels aasured, that you will concur 
with him in assigning due weight to th^ 
effect of unfiivourable seasons, and to the 
operation of other causes, which are beyond 
the reacfli of Legislative controul or remedy. 
Above all, his Majesty b convluced thai no 
pressure of temporary difficulty will induce 
you to relax the determination which you 
have uniformly manifested, to maintain in- 
violate the Public Credit, and thus to uphold 
the hifth Character and the permanent Wel- 
fare of the Country." 

The Duke tf Buceleugh moved, and Lord 
SaUoun seconded, the usual Address to his 
Majesty, for his gracious Speech. — Earl 
Stanhope expressed nimself dbsatisfied with 
the Speech. He would ask if it contamed 
a real and true representation of the state 
of the country ? If it was any other speech 
than that of his Majesty, he would say thi^ 
a more inapt speech, or one more foil of 
misrepresentation, had never been written. 
The Noble Earl, in conclusion, moved as ah 
amendment — "That thb House sees with 
the deepest sorrow and anxbty the severe 
distress which prevails in the country, and 
will immediately proceed to examiue its 
causae with a view to a reoMdy." — ^Tbe 
Duke qf Richmond could not support the 
Address. The Noble Duke dilated at some 

Proctedingi in the preteiit Saaiou of Parliament. 

UDol grucen. — Bart Cfffnomw 
1 nch cald<b<oi>d(d 'n\vmnnt to 
the dlitrom of ■ kingdnm » thoit cga- 
uiocd in tbe ipeecli thu 6m,i AeVivatA. Tha 
MiiiiiMn of ha Mijnty hmtl iiid itwl the 
dUinMO oerc bat pirtiil. I'hat he dinied 

_ih.j mtn genml The Dukt of Hit- 

HueloH aid, [bit ths ipcMh wliich hul 
basD dalivercil rKamntiHlcd thmi 

the i«unlry hid Iwen |>1uDgrd Intu ■ImdIuw 
lnii(i7 In coDHCjuence of iJie |>re»DtI of 
tixition *nd the burdtc of tlie pnor-nt«t, 

. •houU 

emtd pMaibl; Uel man 
Um sBbjeet, TbriH din 
»(• ortM pTioei|»l!x I. 

iianml CnKDM M cht ■ 
nUr. Ik Nolih Duki 

No <> 
ihwi he did ui 

I mnd duliful Addni 

y lufajtcti, uid 

He < 
Nu'bls 1> 

tha cireuUtian. Nuw. npdn loaking u 
th( rrtarn), h« foDod that there had b 
■B iasMut. After Hoie funhei diseun 
the HouKilirided, wben the nunbera w< 
<ar ih> oiigiail motinB, — Coatenu, : 
M»joritj for the j 

dMM, St. 

In the HoDiE of ( 
d>}, Mr. Pret comiBun 
liii Mijanly to the A 1 
vhiflh gne rlu to a 

to enable Reclonaod ' 

r CoMi 

d*<F, tlie Earl o/ Darlinglim mnred the 
Addmt In hb Majeatj, which iiaa teconded 
bj Mr. Wari^^it B. KvatM-utt eiproied 
hit dimrtthrt'On U the ipeech, on miny 
acenuan, but ptrcicuhrljr iriih that pu-t in 

n. l^iiBcluded bj ■noting oi 
• Thai the dlttnu hm get 

•ame puU to a frigbtful eatent, and that 
the KuDie ehould adapt iiDnediate nieaiDiei 
lA alleriM* ii."— Tha Mat<fuiiof BlondfoTd, 
Mr. HMens. Mr. PrWft^tw, Mr. O'Cnmiell, 
Mr. MMtiiHXi, and Mr. Anw^Aoni, lupportad 
1. The CAonivUar i/fAe £r- 

the Am. 

ctitfuer a»ured the Hnnae that Mini . 
lA ■einel]' <a men cnuid, the dittrcM which 
prtniled, hul thejr Hera not buiiail lo *iag- 
jRtMe. Ha belieitd lome parti oFthe conn- 
It; ■(!• UlHiuling UDiIer great difficulty, bat 
iknt iHTeathei pans of it in which nutuch 
dUtnea niited.— Mr. P»I thou[;hC It voulJ 
bt oorc VIM ti> oaiiDolil jlwai knoHa what 
mcanre Hat ioteoded la t>e prnprned by 
GtftemmcDt, than for Oenilenien to pldg? 
Ibenaebea tn inquiry, the eatent oF uhicix 
ihejr enoU nil onnirnl, Miniiten were t'e- lalne ot 
leraMned through good anil bad report to official i 
pomM what they eoniMend tha iDteiatit of eieen Id thui^ 
tbr oouBtry. On a itltiiioa there appeared, mnui lam of '. 
—Fat (ha AddrMi, I&B— Fat iha Anend- 
aan, IM — Maturity, »a. 

At. t. Od Uitd DarUrtglim bringing up 
the (■pan ta ttie Addreu, a hini; ditciiiaiini 
tuiiied ua tlie StUtiia <•( the cuaaUy, 

■ffaira oF todia, aud [be trwie between Great 
Britain, IndU, and China. He prnpoted * 
CooiDliltee, not For the porpnteof ntifying 
any engagement entered iplo be- 
tween thii Oaremnaiil and the.Eait Indiai, 
but thai the financial and commercial aAiira 
of India nigbt be reviied, aceorHiog to the 
reiult of their inveaEigatinni.-^yT J. Mac- 
Amaii wu gkd to hear from a Minister nf 
the Crown, that the welhre of the milliant 
under our rule in India wu not to be lott 

light of in the inquiry. — After inme d 
lion, the qtieitinn wu put and carried with- 
out oppoaitlan. 

Mr. AM. If'sUhman mored for accounts 
of the eiporti and importt oF Briliih and 
Colonial produce from 1 793 tu I §3U, apec'i- 
fying tha official and real value, and the 
increaaa and rfecreate in nch year. He 
■utcd, that fr'>m 17D8 to 1814 the real 
ipurti had 




ProceediHg$ in the preieni Seulon of Parliament. 


fiOyOOOyOOD^beingacliffereQCe of 8,000,000/ 
per anaum. Under the opemtioo of the pre- 
sent tyttmt our export trade h«d been fidluiff 
off, and it wai now lew by •igbt miUiona and 
a half than formarlj.— After some reroarkf 
from dtferent memben, the qaeition wa« 
agreed to. 

Feb. 11. The question relative to the 
disfranchisement of East Retford was intro- 
duced by Mr. N. Calvert, and Mr. Termywrif 
and after some discussion the proposltton of 
the former was negatived by a majority of 
1 64 to 55.— A division also took place on an 
amendment by Lord Htnviek, who proposed 
a number of resolutions against bribery ge- 
nerally ; it was lost by a majority of 97. 
' The Solicitor General, after an able speech 
mi the necessity of effecting various legal 
reforms, obtained leave to bring in the fol- 
lowing bills : — » bill to facilitate the pay- 
ment of Debts oot of real estates ; a bill 
to amend the Uw relating to the property of 
Ittfiuts, Femes covert, and Lunatics i a bill 
§ot amen^ng (he law relating to Lunatic and 
Infant Trustees and Mortgagees ; and a bill 
'for amending the law reiatiug to Process of 
Contempt and Commitments for Contero]>t 
-of the CourU of Eouity. 

On the motion that the House do resolve 
iteelf into a Committee of Supply, Tlie Mar- 
quis qfBlandfifrd declared that he would not 
consent to vote one shilling of the public 
money until the question of public distress 
had been considered, and the grievances of 
the country redressed. It was of little mo- 
ment to him whether he was called a factious 
person. He should do his duty. — The House 
divided, when there appeared,— For going 
mto a Committee, 109— Against it, 9. 

House or Lords, Feb, 19. 
Lord HoUmui rote topro|)ose the following 
resolution respecting the sflFitirs of Greece, 
-—That there should be no pacification or 
settlement of Greece, which would not give 
that country an extent of territory sufficient 
to enable her to preserve her independence 
by land and by sea ; and that no gdvernment 
should be imposed on her which was not 
consistent with the wishes of the people.— 
The Earl of Aberdeen entreated the House to 
negative the resolution of the noble Lord, 
- as contrary to any proceeding which had ever 
taken place on sucn subjects. — The Duke of 
WelUngtoH never heard any thing more un- 
parliamenury than the course proposed by 
the noble Lord ; the object of it was to 
manifest a want of confidence ia his Ma- 
jesty's Ministers. Resolution withdrawn. 

In the House OF Commons, the same day, 

Sir James Graham, after expatiating on the 

national distresses, and the depreciated value 

of all commodities, moved the following re- 

aohtkm: — " That whereas the salaries of 

kliG oMcen bad been augmeiited) io Qou- 

sequence of the depreciation of tha ourreooy. 
It was expedient, now that the standard was 
restored, to reduce the salaries of officers to 
what they hod been in 1797." — ^By way of 
amendment, a resolution, *' That every sav- 
ing ought to be made without the violation 
pf exutine engagements, and withoat detri* 
ment to the public service," was moved by 
Mr.Douvon. After several members bad spo- 
ken, the amendment was carried by coosenl* 

Feb, 1 5. The Chancellor if th€ Eweheqmer 
having moved the order of the day for the 
House to resolve itself into a Committee of 
Supply, Mr. Hume moved as an amend- 
ment, *• That the House will forthwith pro- 
ceed to the repeal and modification of taxes 
to the largest possible extent tliat the civil, 
military, and naval establishmenu of the 
country will adroit, as tlie means qf affording 
general relief to the country ."^The Chan" 
cellor qf the Exchequer replied i and after 
^me observations by Mr. Mabtrbf, Mr. 
fTestem, Lord JUharp, Mr. C. IVooi, Mr. 
<7. Grant, Lord Howiek, Mr. Fed, and Mr. 
ff^odehouae, the House divided— For the mo- 
tion, 69} against it, 184. ... 

Feb. 1 7. After several petitions had been 
presented, Mr. PeeZ obtained leave to bring 
m aBill to abolish all fees heretofiira payable 
bv penons on their acquittal, or other dis- 
charge from any criminal charge. 

The House then went into a Committee 
of Supply, and the fbllowiag resolutions 
were agreed to without discussion :^That a 
sum not exceeding 9,500,000L be granted 
to his Majes^ t9 discharge the like amount 
of aupplies granted in the yean 189S, 4, 5, 
6, 7» 8, and 9 :— A sum not exceeding 
95,488,800/., to pay off and discharge Ex- 
chequer Bills isiued in 1899 and 1830 :^A 
sum not exceeding 168,800{. to pav off 
Exchequer Bills issued on account of ad- 
vances for canymg oa Public Works and 
Building New Churches. 

Feb, 1 8. Mr. Peel obtained leave to bring 
in a Bill to regulate the appropriation of 
fees payable to offioers in the Courts of 
Common Law. 

The Marquis of Blan^ford, in a speech of 
great length, brought forward amotion for 
Farliambntary Kxform. l*he Marquis 
recommended the going back to the old 
node of paying our representatives for their 
laboura and loss of time. The representa- 
tives of cities and boroughs to have «/. per 
day, and county membera 4^ He also re- 
commended a reduction of electioneering 
expenses, and proposed a complete change 
in the right ot voting, excluding non-resi- 
dents. The motion, ** That leave be given 
to bring in a Bill to restore the Constitutional 
influence of the Commons in the Parliament 
of EngUtnd," was eventually lost by » ma- 
jority of 108. 

[ 167 ] 

Brdfi,rdth.—J. T. Diwton, of CJ*p!iin, «q. 
Bnki. — John WalMr, of Bwr <tund, shj. 
BaiJb^R-W.H. H. VjM, 3(ol»-plu<, «q. 
Cam£. I( ijuot.— J.Q.Sniti.SuDieriliiiD, riq. 
Chflhirt—G Wilmilef, Bulctiraith-M. tiq. 
Cum/rriamJ.— C. P»il«r, PetMrlll-gr., Mq. 
G>™u««.— Edw. CullLui, of rrulh.p, esq. 
ZfeftyiAiTft—R-UNewton, Bow-bridge, eai). 

0»ON-— J. B. S-ew, 0.lon huuK, aiq. 
Donrl. — Juho Bond, of Gr»nge, fsq. 
K«r.-ape1 Cu«. of Blikeluil, «.q. 
ClmKC.— D, BicMdo, G«Konibe-|»irlt, Biq. 
ftiriJanL — R. BltkeniDre. of the lleji, »q. 
HfrrU.-W. Hilc, Kmg'> VVtldeo, »q. 

jr«(.— EJw. Rici,, «q. 

tonourrr.— F. Heiketh, Rohll'lull, eiq. 

LtutfUerM'i.—SiT O. H. W. Bcumont, of 
Coliwrlaii-hill, but. 

I.a,abuh.—W. A. Joluuou, WfUun., «»q. 

JfmtiiDiijA.— W. Jdd», of Cl]rilim, eiq. 

iV.fl-/.(t-HoD. GJ. Mm», Nocih EIrabvD. 

NvlAampMuAiri.— R. P«k. of Floore, «q. 

WfiAuH.*.— SitJ.Tre.elj.n,Wsti;DsH>i.,bt. 

Wrflnslion— J. CoW.ofMwisftcId Wood- 

Or/ord.—R. Wcytiod, Womli ■(■>□. eiq. 
Stnpiltire.—R.ltaat, BuruKoa-parh, Mq. 
£jimsKl.— J- A, Gorddo, Parthu^. e^q. 
Stafford.— T. Twemlo-. P»t.i.nod, nq. 
Ji«./ABnp(wt— G. P. Jenoise, of Herri.rd. 

SuffJi — J.W.ShenpiTil.CinipiDyAibe.dq. 
Surry.— S\t Wm. Geo. HxImd Joliffc, of 

M«nthun, Lin. 
fuiMT. — Tbo>. SuictaiiT. of Ruipcc, tUf, 
llaruiitk.—E.B. KUCillinberilide, <iq. 
(fUt.— B. W.L. FopTiui., of Littlecote- 

pwk, Ctq. 

»an«f Julio ScoU,SlnuiUiJ|;>,«iq. 

VbrJbilm.— Hvn. E. Peirt, SuplBMa-|Wik. 

{«n«KinuAn-r.— T. K. Jnnei, Nujadd, (iq. 
/VntiotsrA. — A.A,Gn*Br,Kiliterseon, eiq. 
Cormtrflvn.— R. G. Thomu, LIudd, »q. 
AwAnr.— R. B. Prin, DuwnGtM, eiq. 

A ■liicoverj' hu l»pam«deKC6atly,iDth> 
niigliboorhiKid of U'orcnler, whieb bu n- 
ciMd 1 great lenutloD In tb>t eounlj. A 

1 aOH, It ib« *illige of Oddiuglej, in Wor- 
Mitmblre. Tbe Yicdra wuthe Rer. Mr. 
Firkcr, Rcctnrof ib« puiib. Tbc reporlgd 
perp«InIor of ihe deed ■>< ■ mnn oanieif 
HemiBg, hut ■[ the time hg ou ooDiidered 
flnlv wu Iniliuinent in thi buidj of othcn, 
v.bu foHDcd ■ cooib'initinii, in otdei to tike 
■wif tlis life df the rerrreDd genlleowD, bi 
being oa bad teimi wiiti tome of bii pi- 
riibinnen. In tbe ifieraoon of the a4lh 

the act of ihooting him bf two butcheM 
vho happened to be Dn the road, odo of 
obom punueri ibe murderer, while tbe otbet 
went to ihe itiiiunee of iIh djing niao.- 
The butcber bad miiilv overtaken tbe itia 
tin, when the TillilD (breitaned tu iboot bll 
puriBur if be fi.lluwed liim ■ iwp fiiiibar i 
tho buteber, ilthough he relinquiibed the 
piitiuil, h»d luffielent riow of llie inai 
bebeve bim to be a penon Darned Heiai 

1 unkoo 


lome pern 

diuppeanocc of Hemiog itrengtbened iV 

were offered fnc hii appreheoilon, 1 
ime. Years rolled on, and ilie aobjeoi 
pamliMljp died a»»Y. Bui, uontrarjr to rdl 



enty j-ea 

e lip.. 

,'lhe bodjr of tha 

»M employed to take dn»Q a Urn at North- 
erwood, in the pariih of Oddiagley, fuund, in 
» uumcr uf the bam which wu nut Bagged, 

pcDter'i rule ; and tlie ■hoe>, tolerably en- 
tire, -Itb acme remaina uf drex, were alaa 
fbuDd. The min who found tbe tkeletoa 
wai Hemiag'i btoiber- in-law, and that iha 
ikeleiua wu bii, both the brother in-li« 
(ud lleming'l widow agreed. Th»t th* 
wretched murdeier bid been murdereil, thei« 
could be DO doubt i oa the left tide nf hi* 
fiirehead, ud in other piru, the ikull Ha* 
:i-. the Lion ' ' 

> the 

tkull • 

> broken 

^<u;lMy— T. Williin., of;>rnn, eiq. 
CrrMnvR-J, Wilbamt, :f Brrntir.on, nq, 
MrtiBartk. — J. Puton. of Lli>3>p);wera, aiq. 
— H. A. Proctoi, Aberhafe«p- 

JfiRttoxury. — H 


le lUicle 

t ioicitigilioa, tbi 

of certain 

facu whi 


wuod Firm, •» 



«ly, (.1, 

»» ifierwird. in 



Domtitic Occurrence. 

Ennt, Mr. GcorgB Buki, Mr. B*raelt, 
■nd K brrler ouaei Tijrtor, who midcJ at 
Droitwich, but U no» dndi wiiti ihr raar- 
dn both of the R«v. Mt. P.rksr >ad of 

Heming. The iMitr wu nmrdured bj thim 
ths dnj iftcr h* hid peipccroted cha deed 
(hi; bid implflfcd him to eammit, ud bu- 
ried in the bu-p, oheis hs had coDC«aJul 
liimseir. Cleoes, however, dooled that ha 
wu (he aelual perpclratur of [ha inuider, i 
though preWDt at the lime. Captain Eii 


JadgTuenC waa givea to the fol- 


in Ma; 


It, aged 9. 
;,.[«le at D 
n the eytli To 

.wich. He had 

li Toot DO half pa*.— 
Oddinglej. The three 

the Cooit of King'. Bench, 

gaipit Meiiaitt, Manden. and Iiaacign, 
or a wtm of libel> In the Morning Journal, 
•ee Dec. Mag. n. &ae\— Thai upon each 
if the three indictments, Mr. Alexander he 
mpr'iioned >a Newgate fur four olendu 
nonthi 1 and pajr a fioeofsao'., and^ive 
(curit]' fnr Ml good behaviour for three 
'ean. Mr. Iiaacion to pajr a fine cF IDOf. 
—Mr. Maridcn to give aecoritj for ho good 


Liming, HiochiabrDnk 
don, the >a>C of the 

It deitroyed by fire. — 

1iucce«ded in aating 
e famll; painliiigi, «■- 
luaLle Ubrar;, irticla of ta*M and redu, 
(man; of ibeoi liul recently brought from 
Ital; hy iha Couoteu of Sandwich.) and a 
coatiderahle pan of thefurnituni ; but the 
(amilf a^itiaei, title deedi, and other nlua- 
ble papen, fell a prey to the flamet The 
damage ii eitioiated at about IO,aoof., and 
the hoiue and furnilnre were iniured in th« 
Sua FirfOffice. The Earl of Sandwich, who 
H yet a minor, wa< in London. The Coun- 
tcH, hit Lnrdihip'i mother, and Iter daugh- 
ter. Lady Caroline Montagu, are in Italy.— 
Hioohiubrook Houte wai built on the <iu 
nf an old priory founded by Willii 

Earl of Sandvii 
The mantion wa 

Tanti ; they happily IV 
nearly the whole of tWf 


ftlont. Chahert, the " 
lcr~th dijeatered to be 
Wakley, the edito 
lenged him totako pruiiic acid, to be admi- 
nlitered byMr, W. himieir. whlshchdlenp 
he accepted ; but when puC to iha lett he 
posititely refuted to take It, So enrtEed 
were thecompaoy, that the dctlirDUid" Fire 
King" wai obliged to run down an area for 
potection, and liide h In self. 

fcf'. II. The Argyll Roomi, Regcut- 
rireet, were wholly cnoumed by fire. Tl>e 
accident it attiibuted hy lome lu the heat' 
' ' " -King's oveo, tod by otheri 
for a conceit by Tieaiing 

M prepai 
;lie room 

F<ib. M 

tn the Court of Detcgatei, the 
IT FTH V. Burgoiptft whicli lias io often 
before the public, cane on Inthethape 
nppeal, and the judgment of the Arch' 

priory (aunded by William ilie oftnappeal, andthejudgi 
which in 1637 wm unwied by Court, which directed ^»t Dr. Vrte thuuld 
Heniy VIIL to RicUrd Wilhamt. aliu be deprived of bit liviog at Sutton, in J 
Cromwell, whoH ton Sir Henry, atyled the 
Gotdeu Kuight, elected tin (ainil« mtniioo 
here, and in which he had the honour of 
euterUining Queen Eliubelh, after her viait 
tu the Uoiveraily of Cambridge, in 1664. 

Feb. 9. Thit night a fire bri>ke out In the 
coneervaloi^ of Rsndleiham Houie, Suffolk, 
by which thia iplendi ' ' 

.royed. The 

-artned by 

ance the tod atutrophe 
It to be attributed. Lord and Lady Reo- 
dleaham and bmily were at Parii, and the 
tteward and three fentale lervantt were the 
only pertoni in Iha houte. I'he damafje It 
computed at 100,0001,, do part of which 

Frl: S. Thit monibtg, the engine boiler 
at United Hilli Mine, in the pariih of St. 
Agnet, Cornwall, bunt with a tremeodoua 
etplnioD. Nine men, a boy, and a girl. 

fnrdahiie, forlhwithi *a> confirmed. 

Ffb. IS. Between oue and two o'clock 
lliii morning, an alarming fire broke nut in 
the Engliiih Open-honie, In the Strand. 
— So rapid wRt let progreii, (bat, in a 
very abort time, the whole body of the 
llteatre »«< on fire. One after another 
the houtea in Eieter-atceet uemed to be 
embraced by the flame), uiitil nearly the 
whole tide of that itrcct became a burning 
nua. At about a quarter before four, ttw 
roof of the theatre, together with the ' 

I, fell in 

■uh. Mr. Ar- 

nold ettlmates the boiJding iteelf, a 

The^onC of the Eug'liib Opera honi^, and 
the Courier offica adjoining, in the Strand, 
eicapad with little iDjui;. ^ 



dreadfully injured by the coacuitlo 
' '' ^ water, and btowi from 
E, which were tcacteredin e 
diitctioD, tlittlhey died wlthio afew hi 

Kmo'iTiiEiTiK. Iijjy 

Fib. 19. TIlit hoiue opened fur the lea- 
«<□, with Semimmiilc and the Camivat a/ 
Fcnitt. The oew prima donna, Mademoitelle 
niaiii, initaioed llie part uf Semlruiu with 
ipirll aud popriety. 

1830-3 Theatrical Register. — Promoi. 

Ffb. *. A Mw npetj, from tba pen ol 
Mr. PUoch*, «otltl»d The National Giiard, 
or, Pndr ami No Pndi. bh piodgceil, md 
met «>lh d»'><)i>d KMceii. Ths maiic uJ 

fr/r. M. A niw iftcr-pjcf«, Isunded on 
till FrtDch B«iolulioD, »od xUptta f(om ilit 
Fnnch by Mr. PodIb, eoi' ' ■ " ■ ' 

mo f ion* 


/(it D(Ti 

antl Prefermentt. Itfl 


A tiuitlstioo fif the Frf nch melo- 

'■ L'Aimnu de U Fuui:**." wu 

orwird, under tho nimg of Baherl 

It wu . iLlienbli produetien, 

Feb. 8 


1 of "Pi.™ 

Itltd TtddylluTilrr,MtMU!'uii\iii 
.tu, . u*. umi unnonnnBrf nicc«i. Jt vu rcplaU with 
arr, vu pm- drolleij ud ganuine liiinioor. 
iiiful, nod in- Fct. II. TUxoftnai LaGaaaLadra, 

uninimaui aji- idipted tn the Engliih Itigf, wm lucceil- 
fkiil; produced. 


GtztTTC PioMOTlON). ReT. Ju, Edi-nrd.. Newingloo R 

Jm. 98- Ch». Goddird, of CLplon, co, Re.. W, Furweli, St. Muiin'i R. 
Muldlatn, «q- *" "*" '*'■ '""""n* o' 

Ftb. I. asth Fnot, C»pl. H. Sfflill 
Omwud, to be M.jor.— Breiet, Col. R 
Huuttoo, E. I. C. to l» Col. in tliB umy. 

Feb. i. The R«h( Hon. J. C. Hsnie* 
to be Prttident of ih« Committee of Cood 
dl (or Trwie md Foreign Vlulationi. 

frf. 16. The Hub, Cecil ForeiWr, to b 
ooe of iLo Groomi of liii Mijem's Bed 
cbusberi vict MmJ.-Gen. Hdo. H. Kiag. 

Feb. IT. The Kiglit Hon. T. Fwnl(l«i< 
\jntt, tn be Tteisuier of the Nmy. 

Rev. T. Guthrie, Church of Aihirlot, . 


He>. A. B. llulen, Brewood V. SlaffotdebTT ' 
R<!>. W. Y. C. Huot, D.D.TimeiTon Foltii^ 

K. Corowall. 
Rev. J. Htoth, Wigmore V. en. Hertford. 
Rev. A. R. Irvine, Ch. et Fo.i, cf. F, .ih. 
Rev.CJuiui, E 

MemiiTt nlvrntd to mw in PaTliamml. 
CaiHt — ThD. B«l)iogloD MsCTuley, eiq. via 

the Right H,.n. J.inei Ab.rcrombie. 
ttm.ieA.-Tho Right Hoo. J. C. Uerriei. 
JJumtonw^L— nenc; Brougham, eiq. lire 

Bielit Udd. 6«j. Tietney, dee. 
LtemwHer.—ioha Wird, of HoUood, esq. 

vice Ron lend Stephenion, eiq 
Limrriik.Co. — Lieot.-Co1.SluidiihO'GriuIj 

of CJiirguillimow, vice Tbo Uoyd, esq. 

ffW Zooe.— Ch*. Buller, the younger, of 

PoI.elUo, ««[. IMe Chi Boiler, aa. 
J««eW«..— John Willi.™, esq. of Gtoi.e- 

noi-iqure, uiee Henry Brooghui, esq. 


Bieht Rev. Dr. Cuej, Bp. nf Eietet, to be 

Bp. of St. AHph'i. 
Kei. J. W«!ter. tu be . Bi.bop of the Epil- 

copil Ch. of Scotl»nd, ti« Bp, S.adford. 
Rev. Dr. Cbudler, De»n of Chlche.ter. 
Rev, Dr, Dedtry, Freb. iii Winul^eiter Celh. 
B«v. J. JeckiOD, Pieb, in Brecon Coll. 

lUi.Dr.J, Bull, Cuioii of Oirlii tb. Oi- 

ford, vue PeO. 
lUr. R. W. Jclf, CPreceplof to Prince Geo. 

Rev. J. Bwlun, Little Bo-den R. to. Nortb- 

BeTKr S. De Dmt, Brooghton R. nur 
Brilfs. on. Ijocoln. 

P. C, CO. Hereford. 
Rev, J. M-Don.U. Ch, of Rwoock, Perth. 
Rev. H. Moule, Boi V. Wilu. 
Rev. J. N>U, St, Sq>ulclire'<iV. London. 
R«v. Ld. C. Fiulet, W.ltuo DeivU R, u<t 

Welltthciume .nd W.Jtoo VV. Co. 
Rei. D.«ira, Ch. of N. Ron^Jdibiy, 

in pTHhvlery of North lilei. 
Rev. H. J. RoK, Hadleigh K. S.ilfolk, 
Rev. S. P.J.Tritt, VeryimV. CornwJl, 
Rev. R- Wilpole, Beechamxell St. Jubu, 

end Reecbunwell St. Mary RR, Norfolk. 
Rev. T. Wwgb, Ch, of Deemeii, in pr«by- 

Rev. J. W1111.IDI, Llufaei ud Penmin 

P. C W.!ei. 
Rev, E. Buoea, Chapleia to pjirt of B.'chu. 
Rev. G. W. Strstoo, lo the Do«.,ger 

CouDKsM of Muioreene. 

Civil I', 

Rt. Hod. Jerno Abercrombie, to be Lord 
Chief BeroD of the Exchequer, Scotland, 

.1. Wm. Jeffcott, M.A. Barrliter at Law, 
lo be Chief Juetice at Sierra Leime, 

C. K. Murray, «q. to be Secretary co 
the new Eccleiiaatical Cammlttce. 

Adey Ogle, M.D. FJl.S. of Trinity Cid- 
lege, Canbridge, to be Clinical Profettor. 

David Willtie, eaq. to be priaoipal paJDtei 
ia ordinary to hit M^eity. 

M. A. She*, «q. to be Preiident uf tlw 
Ro)-al Acadeny i and Mr. Eaitlake R.A. 

Be.. W. Cape, to be Head Ma*t. of Pe- 
terborouffh Free Gram, School. 

Rev. E. Chunor., [lead Mai, of Hackney 
CliBieh of England Scliool. 


[ 170 ] 



Dec, 15. At Worthsm Hall, Suffolk, the 
wife of the Rev. Tho. D*£ye Belts, a ton 
and heir. • 

Jan. 28. At Salitbury, the wife of the 
Rev. O. T. Pretyman, Preb. of Winchester 
Cath. a son. 80. At Westhorpe, the 
lady of Sir T. F. Fremantle, Bart. M.P. a 
son and heir. 

Latdy. At Holdemess-hoose, PaHc-Iane, 
the Marchioness of Londonderry, a dao. 
In St. James Vsquare, the Baroness de Rut- 
zen, a son.- ^In FitzwUltam-iquare, Dub- 
lin, the wifis of Geo. Hume Macartney, esq. 


oure Castle, eo. Antrim, a sob and 

Feb, S. In Great Surrcy-st. the wife of 
John Donkin, esq. of twin daus. ■ <?. At 
Paris, Ladv Oakeley, widow of Sir Charles 

Oakeley, Bart, a dau. 7. At Bath, the 

Lady Ueorgmna G. Ryder, a son. 13. 

At Whitton-park, the seat of her father Sir 
B. Hobhouse, Bart, the Countess Ranj^hiasci 

firancaleone, a dau. 18. In John-8treet» 

Berkeley-square, the lady of the Hon. G. 
Talbot, a son and heir. 


Jan. 5. J. G.Welch, esq. of Broadway, 
CO. Wore, to Anne, dau. of Edw. Blnx- 
some, esq. of Dursley.— ^^ames Quilter, 
esq. of Hadley, Midd. and Gray*s-inn, to 
Amelia Cowell, dau. of G. C. Joliiis, esq. 
of ^chmond.-— »5. Rev. B. R. Perkins, 
to Sarah, dau. of Mr. Qode, of Bishops- 
gate-street R ich. Hill Miers, esq. of Ca- 
doxton-lodce, co. Glamorgan, to Eliz. Jane, 
dan. of J. Bonnor, esq. of Bryry Gwalie, 
CO. Denbigh. ——6. Hen. Kirk, esq. of 
Clapton, to Martha, dao. of late T. Bird, 

eso. of Bath. 8. ^ At St. Mary's, Mary- 

le-hone, Geo. J. TwiM, esq. Camliridge, to 
lAura Maria, chiu. of lale Money Hill, esq. 

of Waterden, Norfolk. 1 1 . At Walcot, 

nesrBath, R.B. Bnller, esq. Nether Stowey, 
to £liz. dan. of late C. Poole, esq. 19. 
J. B. Harris, esq. of Peers-conrt, co. Glouc. 
to Helen, dau. of W. Moor Adey, esq. of 

Wotton-under-Edge. 13. At Newbat- 

tie Abbey, Mid-Lothian, Col. Sir W. M. 
Guram, K.C.B. Coldstream Gtutrdi, to Eliz. 
Anne, eldest dau. of the Right Hon. Lord 
Robert Kerr. 14. Rev. Rob. Gibson, 
jun. of Firfield, Essex, to Anne, dau. of Mr. 

W. B. Morgan, St. James's-plsce. At 

St. Margaret's, Westm. Rich. Bohun, esq. 
Beccles, to Jane, dau. of late J. Elam, esq. 

Chesterfiold 1 G. At Kensington, Fied. 

son of W. Tnylor, esq. of Worcester-park, 
Surrey, to Frances Mary, only child of D. 
R. Warrington, c^o. nf Waddon, same co. 

1 8. .At East Bamet, T. Crosthwaite, 

esq. of Dnily Mount, co. Dublin, to Emma. 
dau. of late Rev. Philip Castell gherard , of" 

Glattoo, and of Upper-Harley-st. 19. 

At Carnegie-park, Port Glasgow, Geo. Car- 
ter, esq. to Eliz. dau. of the late James Car- 
negie, esq. of Peoang, E. Indies.— 28. 
At Brighton, W. H. Covey, esq. of Uck- 
fieid, Sussex, to Emma, eldest dau. ; and at 
the same time, Lewis Cubitt, esq. to Sophit, 
second dau. of H. E. Kendall, esq. of Suf- 

iblk-ttreet. Pall Mall. 95. At Sal- 

0CMnhe, Devon,- the Hon. Fred. J. Shore, 
•^ Mttf of Lord 1 eJ^omoutli, to Char- 

lotte Mary, second dau. of the late Ge9. 

Cornish, eso. 95. At Louth, J. Tatam 

Banks, esq. M.D. to Susanna, yonngest dau. 

of the kte Rich. Bellwood, esq. 99. At 

Huttoo, the Rev. Cha. Hall, Rector of Ter- 
rinrton and Routh, to Mary, second dan. of 

R. T. Stainforth, esq. 98. At Brighton, 

the Rev. Mr. St. John, to Henrietta Frances* 
only dau. of the Ute Maurice Magrath, esq. 
of Dublin. 

LaUly. Sir John Phillimore, K.C.B., to 
Baroness Katherine Harriet de Raigersfeld. 
—At Plymouth, Janies Cottle, esq. to 
Sarah Wllmot, eldest ilan. of the late John 

Harrington, esq. of Bath. At Falrforrf, 

Gloucestershire, the Rev. F. W.Rice, eldest 
son of the Hon. the Dean of Gloucester, to 
Harriet Ives, dau. nf the late D. R. Barker, 

esq. At Tuam, Gspt. H. Gascoyne, 34 th 

Foot, son of €ren. Gascoyne, M.P. to Eliz. 

dau. of Dr. Trench, Abp. of Tuam. 

At Coggeshall^ Robert, second son of Chas. 
Barclav, esq. M. P. of Grosvenor-place, to 
Rachel, thind dau. of Osgood Hanbury, esq, 
of Holfield-grange. 

Feb. 9. At St. Mary's, Mary-le-bone, 
Riusell Elliot, esq. Commander R.N., son 
of the late Sir W. Eliot, of Stobs Ckstir, 
Roxburghshire, to. Bythia, eldest dau. of 
Dr. W. Russell, of Gloucester-place, Port' 

man-sqnare. 9. At Bath, A. Manning, 

esq. to Marg. Eliz, dau. of the lute Peter 
Sberston, esq. of Stoberrv-hill, Somerset. 

9. At St. Margaret Sy Westmiostery 

Wm. Heatrell Dowse, esq. of Lincoln's inn, 
to Frances Lesage, dau. of David Clapton, 
esq. of Parliament-street^-— —1 1 . At St. 
Mary's, Bryanston-square, Capt. Patton, 
1 9th Regt. only son of the late Adm- Pat- 
ton, to Rosina, dau. of the late Joseph 
Neild, esq. of Gloucester- place, Portman- 

square. 19. At Poidar, R. Rising, jun. 

esq. barrister, to Miss Parish, eldest dau. of 

Cha. C. Parish, esq. of Blackwall. 16*. 

At Rolls Park, Essex, Col. W. C. Eustace, 
C'. B. to Emma, second dao. of Adm. Sir 
EUab Harrcy, G.C.B. and M.P. for Essea. 

[ 1 


" ) 

U AR Y. 


" Wben, (horlly beroiw her disiolul 


wbHna, Uuti 

r M.i«i 



! uf h 


atie wM bum A|Til SS, llTSi ihi 
(IdtK (lauKhlet <)F Kiiif Cbarrea tbi 
Puunb uf i<|ialii, by LoultnMiiIii'The 
n«>. Priimeit oT Pirma. She <t>a laur 
tied Jan. 9, ITSOi tu ili* laie King Julii 
tha Six - ' ~ 

■tiJow M&rch 1 1 

Thi »Hl*ity of '■ 
(be admi 


■ of rrligicn, the re- 
plied, * Ua you imiffine I am already at 
my eitreniily?' She had preriauily or- 
dered thaiAievedo, berphy>ioi«ii,ihoBl4 
not healiowBil loippruaFb Irer any marei 
fur having giver) at wconil-haiiil the 
titne advin. A few boun before her 
deaili ihe expmted a iriBh ID lee IJon 
M'Kuel, who niariifoted ilie utmait iii- 

«f Purluf;*! during man 

•ttU knawn. Uti character dm loiig 

bt*B highly unpDpulnr iii Eiif^aiid, mid 

nvwtpaper iti the fnlloBine iirms uf im- 
meaiurcd censure: — "The oiil« fact of 
impuriance which the Litliun 

t BelU<, 
i, ' It ap 

^OURh f 


li the death of the Queen Dowager of 
Portuirai. (be cumber and adviieroF Dan 
Miguel— (be funatic plutler againit tbe 
pasoe and Ireedum of Portugal, and Ilia 
unnleniing inttiRalar of general perte- 
culion mid violence. Few ptrioni in 
■mdrrn timea have enjuyed <uch eilen- 
air* meant of miicblcf on to limiieil a 
■!•(« dI acliun, and uons bave ever ea- 
erriied tbem silb ■ mare eager intiinct 
af cruelty and vengeance. Retltclingin 

dilioti of (he Portugueie monarchy, 
groaninc under uiurpaiiun and opproi- 
(ion. oiib in trade deiiroyEd, ili in- 
dailry (laralyted, and iia beil aubjecti in 
4ui>g«oiit or In eiile, ihe eonhl leave Ihe 
wurM with the pr^ud laiitfaetion that 
il* delivery into the Landa ul deipuiiam 
and anarchy waa mainly ber own work. 
Though fur a lung lime eallrd ' (be old 
Q.,een.' the -a. ..ot f. 

! the 

r dis. 

I and riven uu( putiant. 

yed by the duclora and di- 
vlnei wbo turruundinl her dent h-bei!, (u 
pruUtng (be life of tbii worihlni |irin- 
ceia. Medical ikiil canfeoing d«fea(, 
Ihey lent from Quelu* to Liebon for ■ 
Hole luiraculuui image cilleil (lur Lady 
uf ' Ibe Rabhil-hole/ lo tbe fame and 
wealth ol which ibe had id largely cun- 
tribuied on ill firtt diieotery In 1B33. 
Bu( (hit Image, wbirh mainly enntri- 
bnled ill that year ta »verlbn>w tbe con- 
eiitoiion, and wl.leb ho linee nearly 
fillad the Cathedral al Liibun with vu- 
(*w olferlii't, wat found tu have no eRt- 
ca«f againit tbi' eurrn't malady.-- 

Dun Mi^uvl lakei mi 
daughter of the Marquii (ban in me; 
but lie will (oou regret tbe death of hit 
miilber.- She retained her (iculliet mid 
lelf-puiaettiun to the latt g in proof of 
which (be ordered levers] Utters wriiien 
by Lord Hentford lu be bniugbt to her 
and coiittgned lu the fUmeg before bcr 
ejet. Tbe correipoiidence of nnollier 
Eiigliabman, under tbe name of Major 

(CMtniiu iiimiul.J 

The fomily uf which Ihe Queen nai 
mother, contitted ui al lent three tuna 
and (ia daughtert: — 1. Maria-fbe- 
reaa, now widow (from ISIS) of the 
Infant Duu Pedro Carlo! of Spain, fint 
CDUtiu to King Ferdinand ; i. Carlos 
Prince ol Beira, who died young; 3. 
liabellk-Uaria, who wai Ihe lecund wife 
uf her uncle, King Ferdinand, and died 
Dec 36, IBIHi -1. Fedro d'Ak-anlIra, 
now Emperor a( Brazil ; 5. Miu-ia'Prui- 
cescina, married in I81G (on Ibe EBme 
day at ber liiter lo hi< felber) lo her 
cousin Dun Carloi, tbe heir-apparent 
of Spain, and hnt levcral rhildrm ; G. 
Miguel, no* King ol Portugal ; 7. 
Anna - Joanna- Joiepfaina i 8. Miria- 
Aniia ; and 9, an iiifaniii burn Dea. 
13, 1806. We believe it wai the 
yoongtit of tbeie dtughteri who in 
ISSe lurmed n iurrepiitiou! malcb with 
the Marquii de Luul^, a nubUman nut 
related lu Ruyallyi Ibe newly marrinl 
iioople shortly after visited tliit counlrj^ 
and are now reiident in Fratiee. _ 

Hon. John Mot 
Jan.i. At Fiiiuhade Abbey, Nurlb." 
nplniitbire, aged 90, tbe Hun. Jahit 
loncklun, a Geutleuan of the King-) 
Privy Chamber, formerly Ueul.-Coloi.. 

, hair-gi 


a Lord 
1 graiidbtbef of 


Obituary. — Hon. John Moneklon.— 'Gen. Clinton. 


He waiborn AuR. !, 1739. the eldeit K.M.T., S>. G., >nd W., and Cotoiiel of 

ton by the lecatid marrisge oF John, tbe 3d rrflincnt ot tout. 

Ibe Grd Viicouiit Gilway, with Jxne, Sir Hrnr]' Climaii ii» tbe yoanger 

only daucbtcr of Henry WMtcnra, of ion of Lleul.<Gen. Sir Hency Clinion, 

Dublin, Esq. and Elinor, daughter of K. B. (graiidtan o( Francis, (ixlh Em ' ' 

a Allen. Hi 
under the flnl Sir Byre 
brougbt home the diipatcbn conveying 
the inlellicence of ibe capture ut Pundi- 
ebcrry, in 1761. Hnviiif allaincd (be 
Tank of Lieu I .-Co Ion el, he riitred (rum 
tbt armv ; and in 1795 w» Hp|iuinted a. 

.n ul Ibe Kiiig't Privy Cbamber. 

India, Lincoln) wbo died in 1795, {it 

fl.) , 

ml her 

ui..Gen. Sir William-Henry Clin> 
, G.C.H.tbe preient Lieu [..General 
■he Ordnance, and Colonel of the 


•t Adami 


■I Fineibade Abbey, where li 

March IS, I7ft3. From Oct. 
ug. 1789, be cerved in lbs 
ided Bruu»ivick Curpi, under Lieul.-Gen. de, IBO^, leaving i!tue three daugh- 
ten: I. Mary-Anne, married in 179^ 
(o Gen. Sir George Pigot, Barl. and ba« 
■ numercui family I 3. Jane, decea»d ; 
3. Eleanor, married in 1791 to Pbilip, 
fiflb and lalB Earl oS Harboruugh, and 
died in 18U9, baring given birtb to tbe 
preient Earl anil aii daughiera. 

Col. Muiicklon'a elder balf-brotbei 
Robert, wai a Lieut. -General in lb 
army, and lecond in command to Gri 
Wolfe at Quebec. He »H< ibot ihroug 
Ibe body, <be ball being extracted Iroi 
under bli tbuulder- blade 

He receiveil a company in ibe Ibib foot 

on lbe6lbof April ful lotting, from which 
be etehanged into tbe Guardi, No*. ib« 
'iaii>, IT93. In January, V,3i, be wii 
appointed Aid-de-Camp In bis Royal 
Higbhex the Uoke of Vork, in vhich 

1793 ai 

1794, ii 

It tbe a< 

eipcdilion againit Martinique, v 
he Biicceeded in rapturing. Ge 
Moneklon waa afierwards Governi 
Porttmoulb, where there ii a fort v 
beaia hit name; and wa* alio Kepr 
la live of I bat Borough in Patlili 
He died May 3, 1T8!. 
Tbe Hon. Henry Moneklon, 
I the gentleman now dece 

ge of Valenciennes 

of Lidrcghem, battlea of Wauig- 

id Maubeuge, and anion of Vaua, 

aSd of April, 1794, be wai ap, 

reco- pointed Major by brevet, and with that 

indeil rank wm at the acliao u( Canpbin on 

vbicb the loth of May fuUowing. in which 

iierai being wounded, be wa* abiciil from ibe 

or uf army to tbe lUib of Auguct, wheu he 

tbicb joined near Breda. 

Ma)or Clii. 

red froi 

Lieut.-Geh. Sik H. Clinton. 

i>ee-ll. Ai hit leat In Hampibire, 

Lieul.-Cen, Sir Henry Clintgii, G. C. B. 

01 nimeguen by tbe enemy. He re- 
turned to England witb the Duke of 
York, and remained Aid-de-Camp to hit 
Ruyal HiKbneii, uiilil promoted lu Iba 
Lieut.- Col one Icy of the SClb regimenl, 
Sept. 30. 1795. 

Ill the fullowing monih Lieul.-Col. 
Clinton proceeded to juiu (hat regimenl 
in tlie Welt Indict. He wai pretent at 
tbe landing inSl. Lucie, under Sir Ralpb 

Abercromby, and at the liege and tur- 

Colonel of lender of Morne Fortun^ei after wbich 
he juined the Eieth, at Port-au-Prince, 
in St. Domingo. The SDih ul October, 
1796, he again exchanged to the lit 
Guardi, and lailed (rum 5l. Domingo to 
Join (hac Corpa, but wai made priiuner 
on the paatage, and did nut arrive iu 
until June, 1797. He lenretl 
lb ihe Guardi in Ireland in 179S, and 
n that year wa* appointed Aid-de-Camp 
o Lord Corn wall is, (he Lord-Lieu ten ant 
ind Commander-in-Chief i'l that couii- 
ry, under whom lie Served the short 
campaign in Conuaugbl, and wai pre- 
eiit at (be surrender of (be French fan;* 
indcr Gen. Humbert at Billiiiamuck. 

body durin;; the American war. 

The Hon. Edward Munckt< 
youngeft brother, tiUl survive i, 
age of eii;h(y-t<*e ; and recen 
mjiny dayt before bit brother's deatb, 
resigned his eomn 
Ihe SiatFordibire re 

Cavniry. He married (be Hon. Sophia 
Pigul, dBUgb(er of George, Lord Pi got, 
and lint cousin to hit broiher's lon-in- 

The Hon. Mary Monckton, I he young- 
est of (he fainily, was tbe second wile England' until juni 
of the lata Eari of Corke and Orrery ■ ■ - 

and nhu survives, in her ei)(b[y-ieconi 
year, in Ibe enjoyiiient of unusual power 
bulb of body and mind. 

1830.] Ob 

III April, 1199. Li»m.-Col. Clinion, 
licinK sltacbcd to Lord W. Bcnliiick, 

Ruitimi ■rmy in llslyi wi> preient mt 
tbe battle ul Trcbia, titgrt of Aleisn- 
drU uid Scnvtile, and at tha biitJe oE 
Jiu»il after whicb, being appointed la 
•Ueod Manhal Suvarror*, on bii march 
into SwUKerUiid, he wag preteiit at ibe 
aeiion in tuning the paiiage uf St. 
GolbarU: al fbuie of ibeTculeli BrQck, 
Klomholer See, and Glarui. Early in 
IBOO, being employed on a mmiun to 
Ibe AuMriin army in Swabia, be wai 

Keient at (be baitlei of Engen and 
Mikirrki and during the reir«t from 
Ibe Upper Danube io Ail Otting in Bi- 
faria. At Ibe tod of Ibe campaign be 

ISOI> be «H appointed Aicidant Adju- 
taDI>seneral in tbe eaiiern dUtncti 
am) 111 JuDe, 1803, Ad] u I ant -general in 
the Eait ludiei. He receWed tbe brevet 
ur Culuoel, Sept. 3S, lS03, and in Oct. 
be Joined ihc army under Lord Lake, at 
Aera. He wai at the batlle uf Lasiwar- 
fee, on xliicb uccation he nai euKuiled 
by bi( Lordthip wilb tbe comniand of 
the rifiht of tbe army j he continued to 
MM e in Hindulan, until October, 1804, 
and then he retigncd tbe appointoisnt 
of Arljulanl-gEneral. In March folluw- 
iujC he lailBd from India. 

in Notember, 1805, Col. Giiitonwai 
employed un a miiiion la the llu(«taii 
army in Moravia, under Gen. Kulutovvi 
and at the cgncluaion of tbe peace b«- 
lacen Ru»ia and France, leturued to 
Englaud. In July, ie06, he embarked 
far Sicily, in cummand of (be Bank bat- 
talion of tbe Cuardt. He commanded 
the iiarriiun of Syncuie from Dec. laoG 
to November folluwin;;, and returned 

■ iiL hit battalion to England in Jan. 
1808 i tbe !5ih of which munib be was 
apiwiiiled Brigadier-general, and Uiuch 
cvmiikiiided a brigade in the armaroent 
that tailed under the Jale Sir John Moure 
to Sweden. On bit return from the Ut- 
ter place, he wai appuinled Adjutant- 
general tu lUe army ii> Portugal ; lie 

■ at preivnt at the aciion ol Vimicrai 
and «iib Sir John Moore during Ibe 
campaign in Spain, and retreat ihiougli 
Gallieia, id Ibe embarkation al Curunna 
in Jan. ISOi). On bia return from Spain, 
he published a pampUlel, entiiied ■■ A 
few RemarkieipUiiadiry nf ihe moiivrs 
wbich guided Ibe uperatioiii of ibe Itrit- 
i*h army during the late ibort campaign 
in Spain i" Ibe object of wbicb w» lu 
Juttify Ibe retreiit uf Sir John Moure, 
and " (a clear bit rrputatiou Irom thai 
(bade, which by aome boa been cait 

IbeSMh o( Jan. 1809. Col. Clinton 

~Lieut..Gen. Sir H. Clinion. 


wai appointed Adjutant- general in Ire- 
land, and on tbe SSIh of July, 1810, ■, 
Major-General. l,i O^t. lU|i, he wai, 
remu>dd from the Siaff of Ireland to, 
Ibat uf tbe Hrniy under U>rd Wellinglon- 
in Portugal, and was appointed lo iha 
command of tbe lialh diviiion. In June, 
ISIS, he wai charged with the liege of 
the Ions of Salamanca ; and he wai pre- 
sent at the battle fought near that c)(« 
on the SSd of July. When Lord Wet 
lington marched againtt Joaeph Bauna- 
pane al Madrid. Ma)ur-General Cliniun 
waaentrostcd with tbe command d( that, 
part of Ibe array left upon tbe Uouro, to 
obterve the enemy in that quarter. Hs 
WAI preaent at ibe (lege ol ihe Cattle of 
Burgos, and in the several affair* which, 
happened in the re(rea( from thence (o' 
the frontiera oF Portugal. Major-Gen. 
Clinton received the ihanki of Parlia*' 
ment for hia conduct at tbe battle of 
Salamanca; on the 39ib of July, ISl.t, 
he wai appointed an extra Knigbi uf tb* 
Order of Ihe Bath, and. on (he enlarge, 
ment of the Order, nominated a Knight 
Grand Crox. In April, 18:3, he wat 
appoinled a Lieul.-Gen. in Spain and 
Poriugilj be wai present at the inveit- 
menluf Pampluna in July, and al tba 

lhe'NivdlB'".n'N^ember, "ndlfe'NivS 
in December of that year. During tbe' 
winter he waa employed in (he blockade 
of E^yonne ; wai present at Ihe baille' 
of Orlhei un the S7tli of February. It|]4| 
affair of Cacerei, on Ihe 8d ofMarchi* 
aOiir at Tarbei, on tbe SOibi and at 
tbe battle of Toulouae, oti ihe loth of 
April. Lieui.-Gen. Sir Henry Clinion 
received Ihe tbanki uf Parliament for 
bii leivicei in iheie leveral adioni (>ge 

Sir Henry wai appoinled Colonel-. 
Commandant of tbe firat battalion, 6llik' 
foot. May SO, 1813; Ueut.-General in 
tbe army, June 4. IM14 ; the aame year 
Inipector-general of Infantry; and, lub- 
leqiienily, lecond in eomraaud in Iha 
Belgian army. He commanded a divia 
lion of infantry at the liallle of Waterw 
loo) aud fur hii eonduetun that oceasioii 
waa appointed Knighl of tbe Austriaa 
Order of Maria-'l'bereia ; Knight of lb* 
Third Clatt of Ibe Ruaiian Order of Si. 
George ; and Knigbt uf tbe Third Clati 
of Ibe Wilbelm Order, of tbe Kiiigduu 
of the Netberland*. 

He nfterwaida eummanded n ditifliun 
oftbeBrilithconliogenl in France- On 
iheSlhol Auguil, 1815, he wai reniuved- 
frum Ibe aiith hati^liun, (JOib four. t» 
the Colonelcy uf bu late regimeui, tb* 
SJfouli audon Ibe ioibolMay, 1816, 
be again received in penon the tbaukt 
dr (be IIouic u[ Camtnoiv^. 


Obituart*— iStr Thoma9 Lawrence, Pfet.R.A, 


Sir Henry Clinton miirried, Dec. 93, 
1799* Lady Suian Cbarterit, filter to 
the preieiit Etrl of Wetnytt, and to the 
Counteit of Stamford and Warrington. 
Her Ladyship died viithuut iiiue, Auf^. 
17, 1B16. 

Sir Thomas Lawrence, Prrs. R. A. 

Jan. 14. At hit houie in Ruitell- 
square, af^d GO, Sir Tbomai Lawrence, 
Knt. President of the Royal Academy, 
Principal Portrait-Painter to his Ma- 
jesty, LL.D. F.R.S. and Knight of the 
legion of Honour. 

Sir Thomas Lawrence was born at 
Bristol, April 13, I769. His father, 
Thomas, who had been a Supervisor of 
Excise, took possession of the White 
Lion Inn, in Broad-street, on the 3d 
of June following Sir Thomas's birth.* 
Mr. Lawrence in person was tall and 
rotund \ and to the last wore a large 
bushy wig and a cocked hat. His 
manners were mild and pleasing, and 
his countenance blooming and grace- 
ful. He made some pretentions to 
literary taste, and was fond of reciting 
poetry, particularly passages from Shak- 
apeare and Milton. In some satiric lines, 
by Chatterton, entitled ** The Defence," 
be is lashed as an admirer of one of the 
contemporary versifiers of the boy-bard, 
whose resplendent genius was undistin- 
guished through the Boeotian fogs that 
then enveloped bis native city— 

'* Say, can the satiriiing pen of Shears 
Eialt his name, or mutilate his ears ? 
None but a Launtnce can adorn bis 
lays, [praise.** 

Who in a quart of claret drinks his 

Sir Thos. Lawrence's mother was the 
daughter of a clergyman, the incumbent 
of Tetbury in Glvuceitershire { and Sir 
Thomas had two brothers and two sis- 
ters. His elder brother, the R«v. Andrew 
Lawrence, was Chaplain of Haslar Hos- 
pital, and his brother William a Mi^or 
in the Army; both have been dead some 
years. His elder sister, Lucy, was mar- 
ried In March, 1800, to Mr. Meredith, 
solicitor, of Birmingham. She died in 
February, 1813* leaving one daui^hter, 
married to Mr. John Aston, of St. Paul's- 

* As Mr. Lawrence became an inha- 
bitant of the parish of Christ Church at 
so near a period to Sir Thomas's birth, 
the registers have been searched for an 
entry of hit baptism, but it is not to 
be found In it. The reghter eon- 
tains entries of the baptism of Littleton 
Colston, son of Thomas and Lucy Law- 
rence, on the 18th of Dec. 1770, and of 
tbelr daughter Francei, on the 10th of 
0er. 177«. 

•qnare. In Birmingham. His jrounger 
sister, Anne, married the Rev. Dr. Bios- 
am, of Rugby, and they have six aonf 
and three daoghterf living. 

We will nuw quote from Mr. Barrings 
ton's Miscellanies, (which were printed 
in 1781,) a passage in which be noticei 
the future President. After speaking of 
the early musical talent exhibited by the 
Earl of MorningtoD, he proceeds,—" Af 
I have mentioned so mnny other proofs 
of early genius In children, I cannot here 
pass unnoticed Master Lawrence, sun of 
an Innkeeper at the Devises in Wiltshire 
fwhither his father bad then removed 
from Bristol.] This boy is now (vit. Feb. 
1780} nearly ten years and a half old; 
but at the age of nine, without the most 
distant instruction from any one, he was 
capable of copying historical pictures in 
a masterly style, and also succeeded 
amasingly in compositions of his own, 
particularly that of Peter denying Christ. 
in about seven minutes he scarcely ever 
failed of drawing a strong likeness of 
any uerson present, which had generally 
much freedom and grace, if the subject 
permitted. He is likewise an excellent 
reader of blank verse, and will Imme- 
diately convince any one that he both 
understands and fee'ls the striking pas- 
sages of Milton and Shakspeare." This 
last talent it is probable the boy im- 
bibed from his parent : Sir Thumas 
Lawrence was alwa>s distinguished for 
skill, taste, and feeling in recitatiuii. 

Falling in business at Devizes Mr. 
Lawrence returned to Bath, where he 
took a private residence in Alfred-street, 
and for some time owed his own sup- 
port and that of his family to the talents 
and industry of bis son Thomas, then 
m his boyhood. 

Without farouring circumstances, 
therefore, it may well be ascribed to in- 
nate genius that young Lawrence at a 
very early period of life manifested a de- 
cided talent for the fine arts, and parti- 
cularly for portraiture. His predilec- 
tions and abilities in this pursuit led to 
his being placed as a pupil under the 
care of Mr. Hoare of Bath, the father of 
the much-esteemed Mr. Prince Hoare, 
and a crayon-painter of exquisite taste, 
fancy, and feeling. Under such a mas- 
ter, it is not surprising that Lawrence 
should acquire those qualities of grace, 
elegance, and spirit, which rendered 
him so truly the artist of patrician dip- 
nity and loveliness. At first he execot^ 
erayon likenesses in the manner of his 
instnietor; and two of these portraits 
have been seen of ladies in red jackets, 
viith hats and feathers, the then un- 
sightly costume of the fashionable of 
Bath, for which he was paid ien fMiiHngt 



■ Thomas Lawrence, Ptcs. R. A. 


atU arftn^ eacb; yet in their liiiiib 
tbiy pstttke of tbe otceniE Jolicacy u( 
bii IttMt iirodUDllnna, 

The l(oi>. John Hami 
o( llie Abercofi. family, 

ardi Ibe 

roti, It mtniber 
■ho rciided un 
:.J F..U, lo- 
ilion of ibe young 
trtiii'i taicDK, a* well by paouiiiary vn- 
courageouni, *« by lOurdiag him uceii 
W loma veiy fine Bcnplurnl pitcei, ihe 

pgdeuion. Another of hisearly psiron* 
ou Sir Henry Harpur, * Uerbyiliire 
baronet ol (arluiic and llberalily, Hrbu 

The granl ai Rve 

u fat ai 

D offer 

Ijul Id llaly at his ami exptiite, and de- 
dicate lOCO'. to that purpuBei but Ibe 
pfopuial vraa jGcliiied by the father 
[■bo •» naturally very pnmd at bit 
aon], on Ibc alleged ground that "T)io< 
BHii'i geniui itood in need ol no tuch 
•id." Penonal motivet of a \<tn ditiii- 
terected nilure ijiiRht, it ii lo bo feared, 
bar* bad their thare in proiliicing ibis 
(tcciaion 1 hit aon'i pencil being, t.* we 
ba>e already aeelit lit that prriud the 
main priip of the whule family. 

But the mott remnrkahle inciileut in 
the life of young La^renaa during hit 
laidcnce at Baib, waa bit renivins ilio 
(real ail'er pallet fruni tba Sucieiy ol 
Aria— an «' ■ -' -•--^ ' ' 

guineas vai a veij; 
t. ibia period d( ibV 
liiaioty, and ihnoi how bighly 
a pnrrormance — the Traiiafi-, 
guration of Raf^bae), in crayont — wa« 
appreciated hy hi« Judgea; one of wb^m, 
the Cbairmaii uf the Cunimitiee, wai^ 
Valentine Green, (he Belebratrd engrai* 
Ttr. Mrt. Cocking, the well-informeA 

ben the occaiion perleclly, and that btf 
mother, as every body ette, wai muab 
■truck by tbs v it rati rdi nary beauty af 
the young artist, whole light b^ir bung 
in profutiun around biafrctb and ebaroH 


[ that Society i 

rcipectioE tbii 
ItraMingi we copy Ibem fcoo the )iru- 
ccedini^ of the Sucle'y. Tbe first entry 
a^pfari under tbe dale of March 9, 1TB4, 
and i* iM loUowt . — " Reiulred, That, at 
tbe drawing marked G appeari, by a 
date upon ili lo have been eiemted in 
Ibe je«f 1782. '" cannot, according to 
tbe cuiiiliiiona, page 19;, be admiiteil k 

In cunieigucnee of thii diCBcuUy, it 
■ppcan that inquirici bad been insii- 
luted : and on the SOib uf March we 
fiiHl tbe an'.iextd record :— "Took into 
rouidrraliuii the drawings of tbe Tcans- 
figuratuin marked G, and opened tbe 


1 the 

didaic, according 

lb« Suciely. and it appeared to the Com- 
tnitln that the caiididale waiT. Lkm- 
tenw. aged 13. I"83, in Allred-streei, 
Btlb.— Ibe Comtnittee baving received 
uiialactory iniormailuii ibal the pro- 
(luuioii i* enltrtly tbe wurk of Ibe 
yottng man ; Resolved, — To recommend 
to tba Sueicty lu give ihe greater silver 
Mllet gill, and Aire guiiieai, to Mr. T. 
Mwrctice, aa a token of ihu Svcicly'f 
apprubailon of bii alilillci." 

daj* tbe faiber u 
sketches and portn 

chased by bioi, at 
Thomai, during bia 

y reraovo* 
d in tbeo« 
lai pencil 

n wba< 

vtd himself ii 

called " thi^ Town." ; 


f faabio 

, Hew 



lucceuful billiard playi 
111 friends expreaied regret mat b* 
ibould have becumc oclebraied for bia 
ikill at Ibe game, and be relinquiihed 
t altogether. Ho plavMJ tbo violilt 
idmlrably. and danced wiih itifinita 
;race. He recited )'<^ii7, and de* 

His perfotoiancei in the priiala 
he late Marquis o[ Abfr> 

and knowledge of t\t.%v 
have insured lu bim pra- 

He was o 

a yuune lady 

t Stan 


m: was CKlrcmely tin 
of tbe lady, who was t 

e stage H 

great beaulj ( 
e daughter ol 
t period bii • 
I, and 

loUett effuri 
■ned in perpel 

of bi> 

Unci^a uf tbe different ■ 
brancbtt of Ibis family; and it i« rs- \ 
roarkahle ibat bit last work waa a t. 
sketch of Mist Fanny Ktmble. Tba 1 
object of bis addresses died ol a p ' 
muiiary cumpUint many yenn ago. 

Lswrence's first appearance as an 
blUtor at Sumcrsel-Huu«e wa* in UilT, 1 
(when six bundled and liiiy-six piclurea, \ 
&c. funned the collecttunli beie we lind 
T. Lawrence, at Nu. 4. Leieettcr-tquarr, 
with seven vtmluvliuut, q\i« a. ^lUwtW 


Obituaht.-— Sir Thomat Lawrence, Pret.R^J. 


of Mn. EtCen, In the character of BcHri- 
den, four other portraits of ladki» a 
Vetcal Virgin, and a Mad Girl. Next 
year the artii t resided in Jermyn^treet, 
and sent lix of bit performanees^ all por- 
traits. In 1789 he exbibitrd no fewer 
than thirteen pieces, and was evidently 
adrancing rapidly in his profession, as 
three of the portraits are *' ladies of qua- 
lity," besides his Royal Highness the 
Duke of York. In 1790, among twelve 

Sctures, occur the Princess Amelia, her 
ajesty, a Nobleman's Son, a General 
Officer, and a Celebrated Actress. The 
last was Miss Farren, whose beautiful 
whole-length was hung as a pendant to 
the celebrated one of Mrs. Billingtou, as 
St. Cecilia, by Sir Joshua Reynolds. In 
1791, Lawrence's address was S4, Old 
Bond-street i and Homer reciting his 
Poems IS the first subject we find with 
his name. In the next Catalogue the 
prosperous record runs, ''Thowas Law- 
rence, a Principal Painter in Ordinary 
to His Majesty ;*' and his chief pictures 
are, a Lady of Fashion as Barbarosia, 
and a portrait of the King. He subse- 
quently resided for several years in Greek- 
street, Sobo, where we have understood 
Westall occupied part of the same house. 

"The peace of 1814 was an auspicious 
mn. for Lawrence. He received a mag- 
nificent commiision from his royal pa- 
tron^ the King, to paint the Allied So- 
Tereigns, their ministers, and the most 
exalted personages of Europe, including 
the Pope, Mettcmicb, Blucher, Ptatoff, 
Cardinal Gonsalvi, &c. For this purpose 
he visited Parii, Vienna, Rome, and the 
other principal cities of the continent. 
He received the honour of knighthood, 
ApnISO, 1815. 

On the death of Mr. West in 1820, Sir 
Thomas Lawrence was elected to the 
President's chair, in the Royal Academy. 
He was then at Rome, employed on his 
portrait of the Pope, but be speedily re- 
turned to England. In his high and 
honourable office, his elegance and sua- 
vity of manner, united wiib a strong 
impression of bis general benevolence 
and liberality, rendered him eminently 
popular. His last public duty at the Aca- 
demy was the delivery of the biennial 
medals about a month before bis decease 
(see our December Magazine, p. 544), 
when the affectionate eloquence of his 
address was such as will never be for- 
gotten by the students. Two or thrre 
of his similar addresses have l>een print- 
ed, but only for private distribution. 

In 1826 Sir Tbomss Lawrence paid 
another visit to Paris, for the purpose 
of painting Charles X. and was reward* 
ed with the cross of the Legion of 
HoBw. The acceptance of foreign ho- 

noura is generally denied to British sub- 
jects by the English government except 
for military services. A few exceptions 
are to be found under peculiar circum- 
stances, and the case of the late Presi- 
dent is one. 

His death was unexpected, occurring 
after a slight illness of five days. On 
the previous Saturday he dined, in com- 
pany with Mr. Wilkie, Mr. Jackson, and 
some other artists, at the house of Mr. 
Secretary Peel. On Sunday he first 
complained of pain in the neck and 
lower part of the face. From that day 
till Tuesday his malady seemed to in- 
crease and remit at intervals, and was 
considered inflammation in the bowels. 

So late as the Tuesday he was busily 
employed in the Committee of the Athe- 
nseum, making arrangements for the 
opening of the new house, where he was 
particularly animated on the subject of 
internal decoration, and took a great 
interest in procuring works of art to 
adorn the interior. He had himself pro- 
mised to paint and present a portrait of 
His Mijesty, to be placed in the library ^ 
but the accomplishment of this promise 
was unhappily prevented by his death. 
He was also at Messrs. Cuutts, the ban- 
kers; and the subject of conversation 
now remembered, was that of an exqui- 
sitely written letter of condolence sent 
by him to one of the partners, on the 
decease of his daughter. On the evening 
of the same day, Mrs.Ottley, the wife 
of the distinguished writer on the Fine 
Arts, and a part of her young family, 
spent the evening with him, when be 
appeared cheerful. On Wednesday even- 
ing he was worse, and Dr. Holland was 
called in, who immediately saw the dan- 
ger of his patient, with whom he sat up 
all night: he was relieved and better 
during Thursday, so that towards even- 
ing he received two other old friends, 
one of whom read to him, at his own 
request, an article in the New Monthly 
Magaxine, in answer to some obser- 
vations in the Edinburgh Review on 
the life of Flaxman. They had re- 
tired, perhaps to take tea in another 
room, when they were suddenly alarm- 
ed by cries for assistance : they were 
those of Sir Thomas's servant, but 
when they reached the spot which 
they had so recently quitted, his master 
had ceased Co breathe. An examination 
made by Mr. Green, in the presence of 
Dr. Holland and Mr. Foster Reeve, as- 
certains death to have ensued from an 
extensive and complicated ossification of 
the vessels of the heart. 

Thus died the most distinguished 
painter of the day in one branch of the 
art, that of portrait-painting. In this 


—Sir nomat Laii 

M, Ftti. R. A. 


.inly . 

bf per* 

>• were not iit- 
Me witfa hii merit. He wi> 
If paint nil ibe rmiiirnt eba- 
U (lay, Hbcllinr iliillnRiiulicil 

o render Ihtir livintt lin«a- 
liof curiutily with pfultrtly. 
The ebwaderiiilici oF hin alylv «Fre 
brilliancy at Oeloar, and a delinte mode 
or evoveyinB ■ fujihrul ratembUnM, wiih 
■n (iquUiiely btautihil »iih of grace 
•nd rffMt. Tbii perception or btauTy 
and grace wnt ccimbincd wiib a Mrunp 
(enle «f iiidmdualily of characier — and 
rarciy, indeed, did he (ail, Hhilil eon- 
vcyinc ll" •BOtI accurate roeinblBnce, 
(o impart alto loiue ol thoie grace!, 
united •■lb tbuae in|>rurcnienu whicb 
■priiig frum a mind liaiinK tbe ]icr(er- 

Icdioii. No painter «lio ever lived 
aeened lo diw deeper intu iniliviilual 
durMier, at eonveynd hy Ibe conrorm- 
■lion of the (isage, and Ibe eiprriiiuii 
of Ibe feature* by the moiiari of ibr lipa 
and eyei i and none knew more ikiifully 
bow tu (nil bimulf ul tbe chMi)[eful 
■ppcariDCM wliii'faiJiey belrayei' ' 

Fanny Kemble, in litbograpLy, by R,' 
Lnne. In Ibe prvgreu uflbii lB>t draft- 
jng the President louk great in[e 
and Mr. Lane wurked on il for tei 

his eye, freciueiil loucbei and imprti*^ 
menia being added by him, and at * ' 
•uKgrillon. Tbie beautiful print ni«]bi 
tberclnre, be cunaidered ai affurdiag |ti 
iprcimcii iif a tnniler-band applied upaa^ 
a material biiherio ttra«ge to b.m. H>£ 
be lived, the woild aauld prubably bM» 
been ilcligbted witb a drawing un si 
enlircly of hii own produeliun. h 
ii, Ibe print will berame aJdiiianaltf' 
valuable, trum Ibe clreumatancu uiKlef 
wbicb it afpeared. We are happy (f 
announce that the aamc excellsnt lithor 
Bn|>hiB ariiit bat juit completed a > 
lar print of Sir Thomai, (rum a dntwiuf 
by hicDteir. 

But ibe late Pmident was aiiib>- 
tteiii oF the still higher bonouri oF bk 

dence which he give lo the CMnnillat 
of ibeHouieofCumniDiis, touching lb* 
Elgin marbles, we iball find that b« 
•riteiilly aspired to tbe Rlory of an hti 
turical painter, though the calls of ai 

d which 

frrquelilly bdllea the uimu&t ii>gci>uity 

Hi* puTlraili In the UK rkbibilioa 
we™ the following :— The l»uke of Cla- 
reuecj Duthcai ofRicbmondi Uarcbio- 
iien u( Salisbury) L^rd Durham i Mitii 
Maedonaldv Mra. Locke, ten. < John 
Soane, Eii|. ; and Robert Soutbey, Esq. 
At the periu>l of bit demise he was en- 
gaged on many interesting per»onFige* ; 
among nlbcis, SIrGeurge Murray, M.P. 
for tbe county uf PrrI b ; and the fullnw- 
lr>{ mgrarings from his wniks were )>ub- 
IlibedMiinng tbe laii twelve monihai — 
tbe King, whole length, in line, by 
H. Rnden, (ia by 37)1 ditto, meiio- 
tltito. by T. Hadgelta (same tixe) i by 
R. L*T.e, III tilhograpby (19 by IS); 
Fspe Pius VII., wbole length, meiio- 
linto, by S. Cuuslni (^1 by 31) ; Lord 
LynfOoeb, whole leiiKib, mm. by T, 
Ifodgeiii (II by 98) i Mr. Canning, 
wbole length, by C. Turner (10 by 3(!) ; 
Btrl Grey, and tbe Right Hun. Juhli 
Wilton Cnikfr, both raezx, by S. Con- 
•in* (It by i«)i two daugbiete of C. B. 
Calmuly. Ew,. under li>c title Natnrt, 
In lioe.l^ G.T. Duo (14 by lii); EliM- 
beih llucbesi vf l>ev.>i<thire (IV by H)i 
Mi« lU»i-m. a Mudy [ 1 1 by 14), in 
chalk, bv F. C. I^wi. j ami, Aixlly, Mi«> 

GiHT.'Mjia. JVfru^ri/. la.^O, 

It break. 

Some of his early eopiei aud ( 
have beture been noticed ; and 
stated that his aileniion bad Ion 
engaged in a grand eomuusiliui 

The i'rrsident haa left many pictur«- 
unfit>lshed, wliich throw much ii 
hand* oF his sunivun. Hii price 
veiy high— GOOf. fjr a whole length, of 
which a moiely wai paid at the firtt 
silling. Among lii> latest par 
painted, is une uf Moore, for Mr. Mut' 
ray. But, »i(h all 
ctiplB, it il understood that SirT. Law- 
rence has, from early incumbr 
■ pnifiiM eipenditurc, which il 
always aggravate, died puur. H 
not yet been proved i but we uf 

iDvaluahle colltciiun of drawings by 
Michael Angela, Raphael, Rubens, Rem- 
brandt, Leonardo da Vinci, Guldo, and 

r uld n 

bicb c 

t tb« 


ipwards of ehirly^eve 
lull, i( to b« offered to Ibe Kia| 
laae vf tefiMal, 
f nrt and public 
Tbe pii-iuret, thirty -thrw 
or ibtrty-fOur in number, pninicd by Slc 
Ttaom** fur the Wiierluo Gallery, it 
Windsor Cittte, ' 
sbcir desiinalion. Mr. Peel poueuett 
frum bis band, all Ibe partrmta of hii 
colle»EUV> ciiepliiig th^t uf the Lord 



Obituart.— Sir Thomas Lawrence, Pre^. R. A. 


CbtDcellor, who bad tpreied to tit a few 
days before the fntal attack came on. 

Tbe Kinf^ ii said to hare granted per- 
miiilon to tbe familyy publicly Co ex- 
bibir, for tbeir exduiive benefit, all the 
portraits painted on tbe continent, by 
Royal command, for tbe Kin^;. His 
Majesty has likewise icranted permission 
to eng^rave these works, and in conse- 
quence of this gracious signification, the 
relatives announce, <Mhey are making 
arrangements for tbe immediate publi- 
cation of a series of engrarings of tbe 
most distinguiibed characters, from the 
works of the late President." 

No portrait of Sir Thomas himself bad 
preTiously to his death bern published ; 
except that his figure, with those of bis 
two brothers and his sister, exists in a 
well-known series of prints, after West- 
all, illustratire of the ceremonies of tbe 
church. About three years ago, he told 
Mr. Acraman, of Bristol, that be never 
painted a portrait of himself but once ; 
although be intended to do it, and to 
present it to bis native city. '' But," 
said be, *' should I fail to do so, and you 
can find out the portrait that I painted 
of Curran, tbe barrister, one of myself 
might be found under it." This por- 
trait of Curran is In tbe possession of 
tbe Rev. John Taylor, of Clifton. Iti a 
letter to J. S. HarfonI, Esq., written 
about two years since. Sir Thomas ex- 
pressed his intention of presenting his 
portrait, through him, to tbe Bristol 
Institution. The same intention is also 
mentioned in letters to Mr. Acraman, 
at whose request, his friend, G. Morant, 
Esq. recently culled on Sir Thomas to 
inquire if the portrait was likely to be 
finished in time fur tbe Bristol exhibi- 
tion in the present year. Sir Thomas 
showed that gentleman tbe portrait in 
a very forward state, and said, it was 
bis intention sboKly to finish it and send 
it to Bristol ; at the same time he apo- 
logised for the delay that bad occurred 
in the fulfilment of this intention. 

The Monday in the week following 
that ill which be died, bad been ap- 
pointed by Sir Thomas, to sit for a bust 
to bis friend and fellow-townsman, Ed- 
ward II. Baily, Esq. R.A. Under this 
circumstance Mr. Baily was allowed to 
take a cast of tbe President's face after 
death ; tbe same privilege being granted 
to one other person only— Mr. Chantery. 
Mr. Baily intends to proceed immediately 
with his bust, as well as with a model 
for a medal, to be engraved by Mr.Scipio 
Clint, tbe medallist to tbe King. One 
of the first copies of the bust is intended 
by Mr. Baily to grace the statuary-room 
of the Bristol Institution, and thus fulfil 

'■/ if kaowD to have been one of tbe 

President's wishes. We will not leave 
tbe subject of Lawrence's birtb-plaee 
without inserting one of his letters to tbe 
above named Mr. Acraman, which has 
been recently published. From tbe re- 
spect entertained in tbe place of bU 
birth for Sir Thomas's cbaraeter, as 
well as for his talents, be was ptasented 
with the freedom of the city in the 
spring of last year, at tbe same time 
that a similar compliment was paid to 
Lord Eldon. The following is bis reply 
to tbe communication. 

<< Rustell-gquare, Jpril 9, 18S9. 
<' My dbar Sir, 

*' Your kind assurance now con- 
firms to me, that I have received from 
my naiive city the very highest honour 
(the protection of Majesty excepted) 
that could have rewarded my profes- 
sional exertions ; I beg 3rou to express 
to those of your friends who, with your- 
self, have generously assisted in pro- 
curing ir, the sincere gratitude and re- 
spect with which it has impressed me, 
and the attachment it has strengthened 
to the place <^ my MrfA, at well as the 
leal with whidi I shall attempt to for- 
ward any measure conducive to its ho- 
nour, and the improvement of Its refined 

*< I shall gladly take advantage of 
your offer for tbe exhibition of my two 
other pictures. 

** Pardon some baste in which I write, 
and believe me to remain with the high- 
est esteem. My dear Sir, your very fjiitb- 
ful servant, Thos. Lawrbncr." 

" ro Z>. ^ jicraman, Esq. Bristol,** 

In another letter, very recently re- 
ceived at Bristol, by Mr.JobnHare, juii. 
Sir Thomas, in enclosing a donation 
for the Anchor Society, expressed him- 
self warmly interested in tbe welfare 
of his native city. He was elected an 
Honorary Member of the Philosophical 
and Literary Society at the Bristol In- 
stitution; and to tbe Exhibition of Pic- 
tures in tbe Institution he often liber- 
ally contributed, as a loan, some of his 
most beautiful performances. 

Sir Thomas's characteristic benevo- 
lence, and tbe prompt and liberal man- 
ner in which he came forward to patro- 
nise Danby, on his leaving Bristol for 
London, drew forth the following affec- 
tionate tribute from another of tbe 
gifted sons of that City— 

In genius vigourou*, yet refin'd, 
Nobie in art, yet more in miud—- 
Sweettemper'd, gifted Lawrence, great. 
In singleness of heart innate : 
Pleas'd others* genius to commend. 
And kind a ready hand to lend 
To merit, wheu it wants a friend. 


In refereni 


Ar.Y.— Sir rfiom. 

1 pAMXgr, Sir 
TbolDH, in a letter in (he pasieuioii of 

of Ibe too flallerlne mentinn ot bis 
naipe. " 1 iiitb," be layi, " I could 
feel that I deiert-ed it i yei 1 any truly 
iiy, Itiat tbe nataral tendency of my 
Ibuughii and wiibu is in do EO, and to 
ihow that gralilude (o Providence fur 
ay own lucccii, which should l«ad me 
to Milit othen, wbo witb equal talent, 
Ihou'b in other deiiartmcuii of ari. 

Whilst quoting Sit Tbumai'i letters, it 
may be noticed tbst hit biud-nriting 
<•» peculiarly neat mid elegaiil. 

We have now ibown, at lomc length, 
the many eiPellenciM of Sir Tbumaa 
La«retict'a jirirnte character, as well a« 
■ be luperiority of bit professional la- 
leiltt. Ilia mind, indeed, wu ilored 
with ■ eombinaCiun of reRned and grace- 
ful quali(i», leldoro found united in one 
penon. He potteued all tbe qualities of 
» perfect g^niletnan -, he wat kind-heart' 
ed, liberal, and honourable. His appear- 

tban ordinarily bandiome. It bore a 
alroDg reiembUnce to the laie Mr. Can- 
ning, with Ihil difference, that the ei- 
preitioo wai not, perbapi, io highly and 
perfectly intellectual. Al a fpenki-r he 
Ka« clear, free, eaiy, and graceful, at- 
tempt ing uo Bight of oratory, but alwaya 
leii^i; an imprenioD of gnat neatness 
and proprielv. 

That Sir Thomas «»or indulged in ■ 
passion for play is a calumny wbieli, to 
thou who knew his habits and feelings 
on ibe tnbjert, requires no refutation ; 
at the sane time it will not e.cite sur- 
prise, that among oihers who beard of 
his lante recelpli, and were aware of 
liis occaiionit embarrwrnents, an opi- 
nion should be unadvisedly adupled, 
affording a ready solution to the ques- 
tion — wbal became ot his money ? His 
ardent pution, however, fur the fine 
arts in general, and eipeciiilly fur that 
branch ot them lo whith his own time 
■as mare pnnicularly devoted, caused 
liim (u eipeud immente fums in ibeir 
eDMuragempiiI, and in tbe purcbaie of 
tbe works ot the first masters, of whose 
draninm he gradually accumulated bis 
unrivalled cuHectioo. His benevolence 
Inwards tbe sons uf genius, less favoured 
fay fortune, was also dealt out with no 
•tinted allowance, Numerous intlaiieei 
of tbi* w« could adduce and substan- 
tiate, were *t not restrained by motives 
■Uieb nsoat be oliviuiis ; it ni however, 
gratifying «> know, Ibat since his de- 
rmse, the right feelingt of m""y "' '^iise 
Wbu profited by hU kinduess have uvei^ 

re. Pre*. R. A. IJ»1 

e the natural reluctance to puhlith 
Lite of Sir Tbon 

[r^e Bincral of Sir Thomai Latarenct 
iFe are xndvetd to describe at a tontn- 
whal UHHtHal Ungth, fram havrng 
bten/avoared wUh an original aeemni, 
ffiAicA may lie catuideTrd at accurate 

Soon after llie lamenled deccate of 
Sir Thornsi Liwrciite, llie Council of 
the Royal Academy signifird to the Ei- 
ecutur lUeir with to pay eveiy possible 
mark of respect towards tbe memory of 
the Ule excellent President, by the at- 
tendance of the Members of tbe Aca- 
demy at his funeral. Tbat the last ead 
honours should be observed in a manner 
due to his eminent public mefita and 
private wonh, the requisite arrange- 
ments were made for the interment of 
bis remains in St. Paul's Caibedral, with 
ihe same public cerenimiy that marked 
ibe feelings of the Academy on llie in- 
terment of his di«inguished predecessor 
Sir Joshua RcyMuIds. 

Accor^'iiKglv, on ibe evening of Wed- 
nesday, Ibe SOth of January, the body 
o( Ihe President ".IS convrjed from 
hit bouiE in Hulael I- square, [fullowed 
by four members of his family and 
the Executor, attended by an old and 
faithful lervanl,) to Sjmemet House. 

RoyalAeadcmy, it ww received by the 
Council and ofTicen of that establish- 
meni, and deposited in the Model-room, 

wbieh was ippr.iprialed for its recep- 
tion. The ruora had been previously 
hung with black cloth, and lighted with 
large wax tapers and numerous wai 

candles dispersed in silvered sconces. 
At the head of the c.ifBn was plaied 

a Urjie ! 

• of t 
raguly C 

a demi-iurbot Proper. Motto, L.«yal au 
murt. IntliebatcbmentinRusicll-square 
is suspended from lb« bottom uf the 
shield, on the dealer tide, the chain and 
badge of tbe President of the Royal Aca- 
demy 1 on the linisler, the cross of the 
French order of the Ltgion of Honour. 
The medil and th»in worn by Sir Iho- 
mas Lawrence as President ot the Aca- 
demy was presented lo him by b.t pre- 
sent Maivsty as an especial mark itl 
royal faruur, and he was tbe first Presi- 
dtnt upon whom the distinction was 
conferred. A., however, it was In the 
rbaracler of President that he was so 
lionoured, thrse insignia have been ta- 
tutiied mW t\>« to3a\\»Mi4v 


Obituaby.— ^tr Tkomas Lawrence, Pres. R. A. 


bearfttgf o# the deeeaiad, and tlw pall 
over the coiBn * was alio decorated with 
lilk escutcheons of the arms. 

The Members of the Council and the 
family having retired, the body lay in 
state all night, the old servant of the 
President aitiiiig up with it, at his own 
particular request, as a last tribute of 
doty and respect to a kind apd valued 

The following morning, Thursday, the 
SI St, being appointed for the euiivey. 
ance of the remains to St. Paul's, the 
family of the deceased assembled in the 
Library of the Royal Academy soon after 
ten oVlocky and the mourners invited 
upon the occasion, with the members of 
the Academy, in the great ekhibition 

The hearse, mourning coaches, and 
carriages of the Nubility and Gentry oc- 
cupied the great square of Somerset- 
houie. By half-past twelve Mr. Thorn- 
ton, the Undertaker, had completed the 
va^ons arrangements, when the exteii- 
•ive line of pruccssioii, consisting of 
lorty*three mourning coaches and se- 
venty-two private carriages, besides those 
of the Lord Mayor (who was prevented, 
by serious indisposition, from attending 
in person) and Sheriflf<, moved in the 
flowing order :— 

Four Marshall's men. 

Two of the City Marshalls on horseback. 

' Carriage of the Lord Mayor. 

Carriage of Mr. Sheriff Ward. 

Carriage of Mr. Sheriff Richardson, 

The Undertaker, Mr. Thorntonjtjun. oa 

Four Mutes, followed by Six Conductors, 

on horsebaek. 
The Lid of Feathers, supported by a 

Fage on each sicljie. 

The Hearse, drawn by six bo^es, with 

live Pages on each side. 

The eight Pall-bearers in mourning 
coaches — ^The Earl of Aberdeen ; the 
Earl of Clan William ; Earl Gower; the 
Righi Hon. Robert Peelj Hon. George 
Agar Ellis } Right Hoh. Sir Geo. Mur- 
ray, G.C. R. ; Right Hon. Jobu Wiliou 
Groker ; R. Hart 0avis, Esq. M. P. f«»r 

Mourning coaches, containing— Rev. 
Rowland Bloxam, chief mourner} Rev. 
Tbos. Lawrence Bloiam ) Mr. Henry 

* Inscription on the coflin- plate i— 
Sir Thomas Lawrence, Knt. LL.D. F.R.Su 


of the Royal Academy of AKs in London, 

Knight- of the Royal French Order 

of I he Legion of Honouiv 

Died 7th January, miycccxxx. 

lu the LXk yej^r of his age. 

Bloxami Rev. Andrew Bloxam i Mr. 
Matthew Bloxam ; Mr. John Rouse 
Bioxam} Mr. John Meredith; Rev. Dr. 
Bloxam; Mr. John Aston ; Rev. Roger 
Bird; Archibald Keightley, jun. Esq. 
Executor; the Rector of St. George, 
Bloonisbury (Rev. J. Lonsdale) \ the 
confidential Servant of the deceased. 

Officers of the Royal Academy*— W. 
Hilton, Esq. Keeper ; H. Howard, Esq. 
Secretary; R. Sroirke, Esq. Jun. Trea- 
surer) Joseph Hen. Green, Esq. Pro- 
fessor of Anatomy. 

Council of the Academy— E. H. Baily, 
Esq.t A. Cooper, Esq.; W. Collins, Esq.; 
J. Constable, E^q. ; W. Etty, Esq.; D. 
WUkie, Esq.; J. Ward, Esq. 

Riiyal Academtcian8---8ir W. Beechey ; 
Martin A. Sbee, Eiq.*; J. W.Turner, 
E»q. \ Cb. Rossi, Esq. ; Tho. Phillips, 
Esq. ; A. W. Calc«itt, Esq. ) R. Westma- 
cott, Etq.; H. Bone, E«q.; W. Mul- 
rea(^, E^q.; John Jackson. Eiq. ; Fra. 
Cbantery, Esq.; R. Cook, E«q. ; W. Da- 
niell, Eiiq. ; R. R. Reinagle, £iq. ) Sir 
Jeffery WyatvilU ; C. R. Leslie, Esq.; 
H. W. Pickersgill, Esq. 

Associates — J. Gaiuly, Esq. ; A. 1. 
Oliver, Esq. ; G. Arnold, Esq. ; G. CUnt, 
£«q. ; J. J.Cbalon,E4q.; G.— -Newton, 
Esq.; C.R. Cockerell, Es(|. ; Edwin Land- 
seer, Esq.; J. P. Deertng, £«q. ; F, 
Danby, Esq. ; H. P. Briggs, Ei^q. 

Associate Engrav e rs, slohn Landseer, 
W. Bromley, R. J. Lane, C. Turner 

Students— G Patten, W. Patten, W. 
B. Taylor, Cafe, Vulliamy, J. Webster, 
Ainshe, H. Bcbnea. W. Bebnirs, Fair- 
land, C. Moore, Andrews, Hayter, D. 
M«Clise, Kearney, 8.C. Smith, Black* 
more, Ronw, Leifjh| Grant, Redgrave, 
Hughes, Pegler, Solomon, Wood, Sa&a, 
Jobnbon, Smitb, Mkldlctim, Brockedon, 
Wright, Baxall, Carey, Freebairn, Roan, 
Mead, Stothard, Muoie, Cary, Milling* 
ton. Brooks, Watson, Psnornie. 

Private Mouniers-^Thc Hun. Charles 
Greville; Sir Robert H. Inglis ; Miyor- 
Geo. M'Donald; Col. Hugh Baillie ; 
Washington Irving, Theodore Irving, 
and L. Ramsey, the three Secretaries of 
the American Embassy; Horace Twiss, 
Esq. M.P.; John Nash, Esq.; Wm. 
Woodgaie, Esq. ; Herman S. Wolff, Esq., 
Cha. Kemble, Esq.; Joseph Gwilt, Estf; 
I'ho. Campbell, Esq. ; Archer 1). CroR, 
E<q.; Dr. Siginond ; Sir Anth. Cariisie; 
Henry Ellh, Esq. ; Rev. Joiisb Forsball ; 
Ed. Hawkins, Esq. ; Geo. Morant, £«q. ; 
Tho. Fullerton, Esq. ; Tho. Boddiiigton* 
Esq.; P. Hardwicke, Esq.; Deeimus 

* This gentleman has been since elected 
to succeed Sir Thomas Lawrence in the 
Chair of the Royal Academy, and ap- 
proved of by the King. 


Ob IT UA MY.— Sir Thomai taicrence, Pra. It, /I. 

Bunen, £ti|.i Juliri Knuwles, Eti).; J. ihe ■nlemi 
W.Srivkr, Elq.) R. Evana, E>q. : Clix, Tbe budy 
DrRb*tn, Etq.i S. W.m.lburn, E<q. ; chief mu.i 
Mr. Mwuiii John F. Reeve, Eiq i C. the beid 
JiioipauD, Etq. 1 J< Sinipion, E«q. ) C. 
R. Win), Elq. ; Johnlnaina. Eiq. i Mr, 
F.C.L«-i*i Mr. HoKArib; E. Hulman, 
E><|.i Th». RuMon, E*q. ; W.Y.Otiltr, 

Etq. i W.nier Oliley. Eiq. 

The Ofliwre, 3ie. ul Iba Sofiily af 
F»iii(«t» in Wiit«r-c"loun— Mr. Gmrge 
B4U>ei), Cbi. Wild, R. HiUi, i>- I>c«ii>', 
G. V- Ruhaoo, J. Vtrkr. r.Nnih, A. 
Puftin, F. M>ck<n«i«:, F. O. Flocb, W. 
NMliHd, S. Pruut. 

TbaSucieiy uf Britiih Artiiit—Mcii. 
l>j«i>, Hi^lnet. Diwv, H^aiiid. 

Tb« Suciely ol ibe Afiisw" GFiieral 
BeotiralFnt lotiiiuiion— Mmr*. l»»vi- 
tun, CorbouU, ^■■iiBelil, Hubertxin, 
Roprt. Pavi«, Ubcr, Tijuu. 

Cariiign of tbe Nuhiliiy •nd Gmtiy, 
rolloning ftlier Ibc cftrrinfB ot Sir Tbo. 

(.arrisgci or ihe P*ll-bcareri — Eirli 
of Abtnlren, CUnwilliini, and Goweri 
RiKliI Hon. K. PeeU Hon. Geoff-e Agar 
EHiti Righl Hon. Sir Geo. Murray; 
Rt. Hun. J.W.Crakeri and Rich. Hirt 
D«U,E*q.M. P. 

OrritC'i dI— Tbe Lord Chiiiccllori 
Dokei uf S<. Albaii'c BcdFurd, Divon- 
thin. Wtlliiipou i Maiquiiet of 8l«f- 
lurd. Lotiduiidcrry. BriituJ i E«rl ol 
Bu»i CoUNieu of Cuildfordi E>r]i 
Spencer. Batburil, Liilowel, Roidyn, 
CbMUviUc, DudliyiBiid MounlchirlHi 
Viwwunu Cr>n«llle. Bcrolord, »n<1 Go- 
derich L Ui'bop of Landoti ; Lurdt Hul- 
laad, H>ll.Sti><rell,Bnky.F»nbo(ouib, 
•DdSwIprdi Prince Eitcrhmiy i Baruu pefied. 
Buluw 1 tbe Americiin Arobiuailor ; The ceremony baviiie 

Sir Heiirj Hardiiijt*, M.P.i Sir Abt»- 
hao llunici Sir Rub. H. toEtii, M.P,, 
Sir Henry Halfurd i Sir ChirUi Flower, 
Rigbi Hon. Sir Jobii 8e<rkeii, M.P-i 
Sit W. Knigbton; Sir Rdin. Anirobui ; 
Sir AilUy Cooper; Sir Coutli Trolter, 

■ud Sir Fra. FtvcliuK. B»rl».— Sir J»ni«i 

Etdaile, and sir JrSrey WyalvUle, Kot». Tbe 


the bead of the coCii, ullended by iha 
old terrnnt of (he <)cce«»d. Tbe m 
er> being al>.» . 
Chair, the funeral servite proceeded 
proper partiont being ebaunted. 
leiKin was read by (he Rav. Ilr. Hughaiy 
tbe Canon Reside n I iaij, nhose /eelinf 
■ere more (ban once lu overpuaercd ■ 
to prevent hi* procecdiiig without k 
pauie.* Green't fine anthem, "Lord^ 
Ul me know mine end !" wiit amig bj 
tbe choir, aecompanied by tbe organ, 
afler whieh tbe body wat reini 
ibe cryp', and pljioed under tl 
■if (be dump, nhen the tnournen heinf , 
euromoned, and preceded by tl 
(lid choir, went in proceitior. 
tentrr, and luining 10 the right forndl • 
■ large circle, wbieb during the time ' 
muiic continued. Fell into a duoble I 
round ilie perforated brais [4ate, nhen 
the remainder of ibe lervire wai read by 
the Biihop of Llandaff, Dean oF Sfc 
Paul'i, in a mote imprmive maniiML 
Gen._ Murray ; The oliole concluding irilb pari of Han> 
dcl's matchleat Funeral Anthem, "Their 
bodiea are buried ia peace." 
Yoicei of the yuung cborixera, tlcenglli* 
ened by tbe addition oF tbe cblldnS 
Irum tbs Cbapel Royal, produced 
ligbtful ettta. Afler the patheii 
lolemn, ihougb tomenbat kngtbcnci 
and monotvnuua effrol of the mourufi^ 
ftraini nbicli bnd preceded it, tbA 
•ordi " but their name li*eih evermora," 
cheered the Miiset, and produced fedt 
pleating frau bi ' 

eluded, tfafe 

The executor and lume of tbe family 
of Ihe deceated went down to ' ~ 
crypt and taw the body depoiite 

J.PIatita.E'q.M.P.; —Fuller. Etq. 
Hupc, EiiM Carrick Moort, Eiq.i ■ 
Lyon, E»q, ; ('. Kemble, E'q. ; — Fai 


nd decorum which pr* 

reaatk a 


By Ihe Older of Mr. Secretary Prel t 
llroug foriie of Ibe M<?lropDli(»u PolM 
uuder tbe dirtcli.ui uF Mr. Tlit 
tended and pteterved order ibrouehoMt 
ibe litw of route, from SomerHt-Hou 
to Ttinple-Har, and ia cimtequencB 
ilworolSl.Panl't about a quartet before orden iiiued by Ihe Lord Mayor, I 
iwo, and about ball pAit two ihe body Citj Police bail kepi the whole lina of 
iracbed tbe choir, preteded by ihe dig- FIccl-ilreel (roe from iba inl 

iii(aiiE) of ihc cburcb, and the oiembea 

(d the vboir, tinging tbe •eutcncct at the ■ Dr. Hugh« w» an old am 
ut Ibe burial kmcc lo fticiid of Sic T. Uwiet\>:v. 


Cbantery. Wiibini.r.rren., 
Dui.lop. Bud.lLngt«|i, FuUeroin, T. Bar- 
ber Beaumont i tif. bigmond, and Dr. 
l*be bearie arrived al (he great 


Obituary.— George Dawe, Esq, R. A. 


off earriiges from an etrlj hour in the 
moriiingy by which meant the mournful 
caTftleade preserved due order, and 
reached the church without a linf^le in- 
terruption or break of iti extensive line. 
The shop windows were eveiy where 
closed. The streets were crowded i in- 
deed, the Strand and Fleet-street may 
be said to have been lined on both sides 
by the people, who preserved the most 
respectful order ; and the windows of 
the houses in the route of the proces- 
sion were 61led with spectators, who 
witnessed upon this occasion the Just 
tribute paid to distinguiabed merit in 
perhaps one of the most extensive atten- 
dances of persons that has been paid to 
the memorv of the dead since the public 
funerals of Nelson and Fitt« No acci- 
dent happened, nor did any untoward 
event arise to interrupt the decorum 
and order of the scene. Much praise is 
undoubtedly due to the very excellent 
and effective arrangements of Messrs. 
Thornton and Son, under whose sole 
control and direction the funeral was 

Georob Dawb, Esq. R.A. 

Oct, 15. At the house of hit brother- 
in-law, Thomas Wight, Esq. in Kentiih- 
Town, George Dawe, Esq. R. A. Mem- 
ber of the Imperial and Royal Academies 
of Arta at St. Petersburg, Stockholm, 
Florence, &c. , First Painter to bis Im- 
perial Majesty the Emperor of all the 
Russias, &c 

' Mr. Dawe was the author of << The 
Life of George Morland, with Remarks 
on his Works 1807/' 8vo. In this work 
(of which a critique will be seen in the 
Monthly Review, N. S. Ivi. 357—370) he 
aUtes that his father, Mr. Philip Dane, 
was articled to Morland*s father, who 
was a painter in crayons. We believe 
the elder Dawe was afterwards an engra- 
ver in messotinto, employed by Bowles, 
of St. Paul's Cburch-yard, &c. 

From 1809 to 1818, Mr. Geo. Dawe was 
a constant exhibiter at Somerset House, 
of many portraits and a few historical 
subjects. Among the portraits were Dr. 
Parr, Lord Eardley, the Hon. S. E. Eard- 
ley, Prince and Princess of Saxe Cobourg, 
the Archbishop of Tuam, Bishop of Sa« 
iisbury, &c. &c. Among the historical 
subjects were,* Andromache imploring 
Ulysses to spare the life of her ton j Ge- 
nevive, from a poem by T. Coleridge, 
Esq.; a Child rescued by Its mother from 
an -Eagle's nest \ and a Demoniac, which 
he afterwards sent as a presentation, and 
it now adorns the Council-Room of the 
Royal Academy. He was elected an As- 
sociate in 1809, tod a Royal Academi- 
ciMD Jo i8J4. 

In the year 1816 he painted a large 
whole-length picture of Miss O'Neill^ in 
the character of Juliet, which was ex- 
hibited by lamp-light, in order that it 
might he viewed under the same cir- 
eumatances as the original was seen on 
the stage. This portrait waa engraved 
ID mesiotinto by Mr. G. Male. 

Mr. Dawe hat for the last few years 
entirely practised his art upon the con- 
tinent, particularly at St. Petersburg, 
where his talents were held in the high- 
est estimation by the Imperial Family. 
He had arrived in England only about six 
weeks before his death ; at which time 
the following paragraph appeared in the 
newspapers i «< Mr. G. Dawe, R. A., who 
hat recently arrived in this country from 
Warsaw, where he had been engaged in 
painting the Emperor and Empress of 
Russia as King and Queen of Poland, 
and also the Grand Duke Constantlne, 
went to the Royal Lodge, in Windsor- 
park, on Sunday, by command of the 
King, for the purpose of showing his 
Majesty portraits of the King of Prussia, 
the Duke of Cumberland, and other 
works executed since his last visit to this 
country. His Majesty was graciously 
pleased to express his approbation of 
them, and honoured Mr. Dawe with 
some flattering commissions." 

It has been stated that Mr. Dawe 
realised 100,000/. by painting the prin- 
cipal Sovereigns of Europe. 

At the time of his arrival, be was in 
an ill state of health from a disease of 
the lungs. His remains were interred 
in St. Paul's Cathedral, attended by a 
long cortege of artists and literary meni 
the Russian Ambassador and Sir Thomas 
Lawrence (the latter of whom was so 
soon after ;to be borne to the same spot) 
acting as pall-bearers. 

Mrs. FiteGerald. 

Jan, II. At her house, St. James's- 
square, Bath, deeply and deservedly la- 
mented by her family and friends, aged 
8S, Mary, widnw of the Right Hon. Col. 
Richard FitaGcrald, of the Queen's Co.. 

Mrs. FitzGerald was daughter and co- 
heir of Fairfax Mercer, Esq. of Dublin, 

by , daughter and heir of William 

M*Causland, Esq. of Dublin. Fairfax 
Mercer was son of Willism Mercer, Esq. 
of Dundalk, by Anne-Sarah, daughter 
of John Baillie, of Inisbargie, co. Down, 
Esq. M. P. From a pedigree in Ulster's 
oiHee, it appears that the Issue of the 
said William Mercer, by his wife Anne- 
Sarah Baillie, was Fairfax Mercer, as 
above, and two daughters, Dorothy, the 
youngest, wife of Ross Moore, Esq. Pro- 

Gerald FilzGcritld, Ei 

Si. J 


*r, Mirgirel, i 




1830.) Obituary.— Mm. FiU Gerald.— J. H'ation, LL D. 

priMor of the borough of Catliiigrord, 
bebrctbeUiiioni ind AUci*, burn ITSJ, 
m\tt, fint, of Btnjimiii HunI, Eiq. (lo 
•hum the wu mariitd, June I, 1741), 
■nd, tecondlv, of Sle|ilien Cumn, Eii|. 
of Sheffield, Queen'i Cauiiiy, Bnrriiltr 
■t law of Lincoln'! Imi, 17SU, High 
Sheiiff of Qutcn't County in 1TG3, died 
A|>ril 93, 1773, (nill proved Dei 


lowing;, I 

e of 1 

n of 

the High Court of Chanrery in Ireland,) 
•U)m( aon and heir of Matthew Casun, 
E<q. of ShilGclil, Birriiicer nt law, wba 
KMiooaiid heirorSlepheiiCaiiiii, E«q. 
of the tame plnee, who died l;sO-t, 
afeU !>0 (adminittralian craiited from 
tbv PrerogHiive Court of Inland, May 
5. 17&3), Mn. Cltiin, rurmerlv Alkia 
Mercer, aunt ol Mrt. FiliGeraid, died 
Feb. 6, 1789, aged 68, le^iving istue too 
una and one daughter, Alicia, burn Nov. 
SO, nSS,, 
Reetur of Inch, cu. Wcxfcrd (aon of 
George Arrhdeaeon of Dromot«] : Mn. 
HoKtedicd lti!7, leaTing, among other 
ktae, Alieia House, wife of the Rev. 
Peter ltro»iie. Dean of Pi-rna, half-bro- 
ther of the late Mxrqueis of Slipo. Of 
the (oni, 1. MalihcM' Caiian, Esq. of 
Sheffield, horn Oct. 18, 17^4, was Gen- 
tleman Commoner o[ Eieter Collrge, 
Oiford, Not. I, 1773. Ui^h Sheriff or 
QueeD'l Count; in I7B3, and an arting 
magitlrale for the tame, (living 1830,] 
uarrieil, firal. May IB, I77G, Sarah, 
daughter of Col. Furde, uf Svafofde, co. 
Downj and, leeandly, Sept. 15, 181$, 
Cathctine, daughter of Juhu Head, of 
Athley, CO. Tipperary, Eiq. hy Phmbe 
hii -ife, >iith and >oungt;«t Gitler of 
Johii Tolcr Eail of Nurhury. lale LorU 
Chief Juatice of the Court ol Cummun 
Pleat ill Ireland. 3. Stephen Caiaan, 
horn Jan. 3, I7S7, of Trinity College,, Nov. 1, tT73i Rarrisler at lao 
ut (he Middle Temple, N.iv, IS, 1781 i 
died January SC, 1794 (adminiitratlan 
granted in the Prerogaiire Court of 
Canleibury, Manh 18, 1795), married 
March 4, i;iili, Sarah, only dau|thter 
and beir uf Cl>arle« Meart, Eiq. a Bro- 
ibcr otihe Trimly HDU>e,and had iaaue 
the Htv. S-ephen Htde Catsan, M. A. 
F.S-A. of Mere Vicarage. Willi, born 
M Cwleutta, Oct. 3Tt 1789, married at 
Frame, co, SuWieriet, Dee. 37, 1830, 
Paiiny, thud dauiihter oF the Ule Kev. 
WtUiam Ireland, M.A. Vicar of Prooie, 
■nil an acting Al.igitirale fur the county 
uf SoiiKriei, ai.d hai i»ue. See Pedi- 
Ki«e vl Caatan, Heralds' College, 13.D. 
I«.ra. IMI 

Uta. FitlGerald oai (be aecond wife 
•f Ik* Cwlonel.* Sh>f wai mother of 

' Uit ftrat oaa the Huii. Margaiel 

John Jocelyn, _ 

fint Earl of Ruden, and has a daughtn, 
Ann Charlode, married in I8S0, lu R^ 
bert Buurke, Eaq, eldent son of the Hma. 
Richard liourke. Lord Bishop ofWatii; 
ford, who i% brother and heir preauma* 
live to the Earl of Mayo. "^ 

Joseph Watson, LL.D. ' 

Kav. 33. At the Deaf and Dumb 

Asyliim, in the Kent Road, aged 64, 

Juseph Watlon, LLD. Teacher of lh«t 

pr, Watson acquired bis tkill in tb0 
tuition of deal and dumb at the private 
academy kept for that purpuae at Haeltf 
ney hy Mr. Thomas Bp«d«ood. "ft 
i»,ia hEre,"be 6»yB,«in the year ITM^ 
that my resulutiun waa finally taken, M 
embrace the instruction o\ the deaf and 
dumb at a prufeation." He aHitted bjf 
hii cunsel and adtice in forming Ibtf 
London A»ylom,t and iuperinlended lU 
instruction of all the pitpila admitted 
from its commencement, in t793. Durinr 
this long period nf thirty-seven yeari ba 
exerted an undeviating atteniiun anil 
jndleioua energy, in (he arduous tatlc of 
succeasfully iniiructing the abjtclB of hit 
cafe, and leading Ihein to an BCi|uaiiT 
tame Hiih urillen language; througli 
which they have been eonducleJ to bS 
the arti of common life and to the bopM 
afforiled hy Christian revelation, "rhi 
cliilJren trained under the doctur'a car* 
preserved a bigb di-gree of affection lo^ 
warJa Uim throogh lite, and be lived ta 
■itneas a great number of his acholai* 
providing lor themselvei and fainillM 
with comfort and respectabilily. Ou« 
of the must striking inatancei of hU 

after hu lamented ileceaie, in the ciiv 
cumitance of one of his private pupil* 
being called to ihe bar, by the Honour- 
able Society of Ihe Middle Temple. 
Nothing can more strongly point out 
the benefits which have resulied ftuia 

King, only child and heir of Jamu 
fuunh Lord Kingiton, and by her hi 
had iuue an only daughter, Caroliut, 
who married her cumin Robert, second 
Earl uf Kingston, bhe died, 1633, leavw 
iiig issue (he present Earl ol Kingctoa, , 
Lord Viscount Lurton, the Couatuji 

it-Cashrl, . 

lid other ia 

founder*, in utir 
i.S78i and a lull aceuunt at 
the Asylum, accompanied bj a vie* «( 
Ihe building, m <ia\. XCtt.S. ^^. 

184 Obituait.— Rffo. Walter BWch.—Mu Lilly mgg, P.L.S. [Feb. 

the Parish Church of Trowbridg*. Wiltthira, 
on the 96th day of October, printed at die 
reqoeet of the Coogregation ;" in 1810, 
without his name, ** Verses spoken at the 
EnCKoia, by Mr. Smith, Demy of Magdalen 
College, Oxfdrd;" in 1816, « Christianity 
Ubend aoeording to the genuine andJuU im- 
pert qfthe ternif a Sermoa, preached at the 
Vbitation of the Archdeacon of Wilu, hol- 
den at Marlboroagh, July i3, pobliahed at 
the request of the Clergy present;" and in 
1818, " A Sermon on the preralence of 
infidelity and enthusiasm, preached in the 
Parish Church of St. Peter, Colchester, 
July 98, at the Visiutioo of the Bbhop of 
London, published by command of the 
Bishop and at the request of the Clergy." 

He married Elizabeth, eldest dav^ter of 
Nathaniel Dimock, of Stonehouse, in Glou- 
cestershire, by whom lie has left four eons 
and two daughters. 

Dr; WaUon*8 pecQlttr talcatf» than tbii 
singular and interesting fact, which pre- 
sents the first instance on record of a 
Barrister being deaf jiiid dumb. 

Dr. Watson published an aceount of 
hk system in two volumes 6vo. 1809* 
under the title of *' Instruction of the 
JJeaf and Dumb, or a View of the means 
by which they are taught to understand 
and speak a Language." (See our vol. 
Isxx. ii. 635) Hit remains were interred 
at Bermondsey. 

Rkv. WiLTsa Birch, B.D. 

Dee. 8. Aged 65, the Rer. Walter Birch« 
B.D. Rector of Stanway, Essex, and Vicar 
of Stanton Bernard, Wilu. 

He was the third son of the Rer. Tho. 
Birch,Rector of South Thoresby, oo Jincoln, 
(by Mary, on^ daughter of Mr. Edward 
Wright, of Akarkirk, in the same county,) 
who, on the slender means, which usually 
fill! to the share of our parochial clergy, 
brought np a family, consisting of eight sons 
and two daughters, in such a manner as to 
reader them useful and respectable mem- 
bers of society. After a competent prepa- 
ration at home, he receired his education at 
Rugby school, under Dr. James, by whose 
excellent method of instruction, together 
with the valuable friendship of the Assistant 
Master, Mr. George Innes (now Master of 
the King's School, Warwick), he improred 
his naturally eood talents very highly. He 
was distingn'isned at school for humane feel- 
ings and great simplicity, united with con- 
sidsrable energy of character, qualities 
which he retained unimpaired to the end of 
life. At Oxford, as a Demy and Fellow of 
Msgdalen College, where he proceeded MA. 
1798, B.D. 1805, he was respected by 
many good and literarv men, not only for 
these virtues, but fbr tne purity of his man- 
ners, and for his classical taste and acqwre- 
ments. Having been appointed tutor to the 
present Earl of Pembroke, who was then at 
Harrow School, and whom he accompanied 
to Oxford, he was presented by the late Earl, 
in 1819, to the Rectory of Stanton Bernard 
in Wituhire. Af^rwards, in 1817, he also 
took a valuable College living, Stanway, in 

As a Christian, those who knew him best 
will ackoowledgc that none could better de- 
serve the encomium of being ** an Israelite 
indeed, in whom there was no guile." As 
a clergyman, he was firmly attached to our 
National Church, but without any bitter- 
ness towards those that diffsred from it. As 
a scholar, he was remarkable for that keen 
perception of the highest beauties in the an- 
cient writers, which it Is the lot of so few 
to attain. With these endowments, it is to 
be regretted that we can eoumerate no more 
likao the following writings which he pub- 
lubed: in I BOO, ** A SnrnoD, preached in 

Mr. Lilly Wioo, F. L S. 

March 89, 1898. At Great Yarmouth, 
in his 80th year, Mr. Lilly Wigg, F. L. S. 
a man of no ordinary talents and acquire- 
ments, nor so eutirely unknown to fkme 
that his death deserved to have passed thus 
long unrecorded. 

He was a native of Smallburgh, in Nor- 
folk, where he was bom on Christmas day, 
1749. His father, poor but respectable, 
was a shoemaker, and brought up hi* son for 
the same trade } but the young man left it 
before he was twenty years old, and having 
received a respectable village education, and 
being always fond of books, removed to 
Yarmouth, and established himself as a 
schoolmaster. In this situation, more con- 

fsnial to his inclination, but very little pro- 
table to fab pocket, he continued till the 
year 1801, when he was persuaded to re- 
linquish it for the place of a clerk in the 
Bank of Gurneys and Turner, and there be 
remained so long as he lived. Mr. Turner 
and he had been broueht together some 
vears previously by their mutual taste for 
botany; the same cause had befbre that 
time procured Mr. Wigg the acquaintance 
of Dr. Aikio, long a resident in Yarmouth, 
of the Hon. T. Weoman, of Mr. Woodward, 
of Dr. Smith, of the Rev. Norton Nicholls, 
and of many other gentlemen of similar pur- 
suits, who were in the habit of visiting the 
town. At what period of his life Mr. Wlj^s 
attachment to bouoy first manifested itself 
is not known ; but it is believed that it 

veiv early ; and, so long as he had healdi 
and strength, (bw men pursued the stody 
with more energy, or, as far as his limited 
means would allow, with more success. The 
neighbourhood of Yarmouth was necessarily 
his great field of action s and this he inves- 
tigated with uncommon care, and made in ft 
more than one addition to the list of Britis 
fivwering plants, besides many among th 

1830.] Obituabt.— iWr. L H' 

Ht-wcMbi to ohlch fnr ■ condilenbta put 
of hil I'f* h* paid tha clocil uttetitiaD. il ii 
cvHaeiion of cliim wu rich, ind ihuwed 
gHM cu* iu tfco Mlactidn ud nquiilu 
dMta*H ia lb* duplB} oriheipaeiinani. 

Ttw Htne propcmci wcrs ehuuigriiiic of 
■Uluaid. Kr««.m6hl.,iyhboiiru>i.Bd 

■ad parson; rctiipuloiuly liPB«t in word 
aad ittA ; mnjeit, ictiiiog, and diffiJaot, 
in iha nncme; but, iihiD itimulktid lo 
Ktioa, unlaunwdly inil uovnritdljr peni- 

ig;'.— W. Eytm Tooke, Esq. 

u tieiiE- lo i^i-ii- 

iiirtiiKi'>D • Bapiio: 
Mil, be, fur moia i 
iif«, frMjuaDled no plua of 

dudicn agvoic the Cktholioi were pecu- 
J nnne i (hey were what be had im- 
bibed with hit Riutliet'i milk, sad vere whu, 
M the parinl of hii birth, were rntcriaiord 

51 «M>idsnblc poilion of the ciiinmonily, 
O nmembtred with Infioite gniitud* iha 
It«»riutioo ofieaa, iBdwithcoiretpoadios 
hanm tiit otrruw neipe which the kiogdoio 
bad It that time from Poprrj. Ocoupie<i aa 

Mr. Wigg, Dcvarthelen, bj dinL of great 
■ndsHry, acqnired ■ oamHlCDt knuwledge 
ofLatia, atidDiiHlahinuelf, to a ccrUio de- 
prt, acqiuioCed viib the French anH Greek : 
what ia Ina to be wondered iI, with lh« 
hif^ber brBBohes nf aiilhmellc be wai rery 
eoDoananl; and hit hand-wriling wu ofiucFi 


'■ ihu) >«t<iit]r-D'iDe jetn,' 
id gently eitinguiihad bf 
a lew dift ; and the great 
wriouslj got together 
id nndigegted state, equ 



la of the I 

n the birds i 

■E uid neighboi 

be diviae haod conititnlei 

, oHii. 1 

arwBging, EhDiic;h conii Dually intending M 
<\n so, he hu afforded auoEhrr tad exam ' 
at ones of the fully of jwoiTulioalioo, ui 
the belief that denth ii never actt, and of 
the importance to arerr nun la finish hil 
ova work: sure that liii mantsl laboun, 
like his body, deprived of the pwcicta of 
divio* breath, which equally gave life M 
both, will otherwise, like it, osly be doomed 
toarglect, corruption, and forgetful net: 

W. EvTiiii TooKi, EiB- 
Jnn. i7. Ac his father's In Richnu 

Taincf, on hit I4tb hirlh-dat, Willi 

Eytun Tooke, Esq. B. A. 

This much lamented young geatlr 

the eldest son of Tho. Tooki " 


night easily be Di 
copperplate, About the year 1800 the Li- Mi 

Bcaa Society eUeled him into the nambcr of West 

ha assMiUea ; and nearly at the same lime dicn i 

ha was sratilied by one of the new fuci, that he •<• 

h» had diSMTend, being called after hia the d 

^Ta* auuTs^ie'iy. Tbe» were >>l the Phil" 

h««ora he eier received fram hii love for presii 

Bcieoc* i BMepi being nccasinnally men- that I 

timed, add always with respect, in the pub- Socie 

lintioM of Sir James Smith, ud in Mr. bale, 

WoodwaiJ's, and Mr. Turner's. Bntant, gifted 

m Natural Hbloty, waa &r from bring the ' 

rd euayi oa 

trade and poliiical economyi and grandioa 
of the Rev. Wm. Tuoke, P.B.S. author of 
" The Life of Catherine II." md nf other 
popular pnblicationi relating lo Rusnia, and 
alto at levenl valuable Works in Theology 

<r Schno 

d liniahed his atu- 
,t Trinity Cullege, Cambridge, when 
on ao greatly diitinguiihed himself bj 
lepth and eilent of hh inqulrisi intn 
ivoril branchei of Moral and PolTtJcal 
lophv, and by the acute and able ei- 
oo of his sentiments on those luMeeta, 
lie was elected Preiidenl of the Union 
ty, an Institu^on for inqairy and de- 
consisting of a numerous and highly- 
portion of the Students of thelJo.- 



>till de- 

•■( Ua panDila i his lamp, afler maiotainiug 

a miihi and almost uniaurrupled flame for 

Omt. Mid. frtniory, IBSO. 


nore immediatelv interiiled. He had been 
for soma time a Member of the Committee 
of (he Society for the Diffu.IoD of Useful 
Knowledge, and activel]' engaged io reiiiing 
sud preparing ITcaliici for publicBiioa. The 
over teneioo of mind — occasioned by theia 

only unrelieved by the orilinaij rcluatiooa 
and lecteatiuns of youth, but too freque— '- 

rsof n 

— than IS every teaton K 


UsiTUARY.r-C/tfrgy deceased. 


ihftt norbUi sUU of the bnun, which* t^* 
gravattd mmI aoeeUraUd by tb* unusiMtl m* 
ycriiy of tiie wvalhcr, produced the deplor* 
aMe eveat — thut prenaturrlj quenching all 
the fbud hope* wbioh hit parents were jus- 
tified io eutertainiDg, but which cooititoted 
the least portion of hit claiins to tlwir attach- 
ment* M hie high atcaininenU were all *ab« 
servient to the better feelings of duty and 
affection y by which every part of h'la domes- 
tie conduct was influenced. 

The following tribute to the memory of 
Mr. W. £. Touke appeared in the Morrtitig 
Chronicle : — ** The loss of this amiable, 
able* and a^on:plished young gentleman, 
produced a great sensation yeet^ay. He 
was a youth of great promise, and, by all 
who had the happinesa of knowing him, he 
was exceedingly beloved. A more generous 
and benevnient heart than his never beat 
within a human bosom. His range of in- 
formation was unusually extensive fur his 
vears* and his judgment was excellent. He 
liad already written several treatises which 
were much esteemed; and, with his resMrch 
and sagacity, and uncompromising love of 
tru^, nad his life been spared, he could not 
have failed to become one of the chief orna* 
ments of his age." 

His remains were interred on the following 
Tuesday, in the church of St. George* 
Bloomtbury ; end attended to the gmve by 
hia immediate reUtions and by many sin- 
cerely sorrowing friends, as well of those 
more matured in life, whose confidence and 
approbation he had, by bis many amiable 
qualities and undeviating correctness of con- 
duct* conciliated, as also by several young 
men who were treading equal steps with him 
in the patlis of usefulneu. Of the fiirroer 
description were Sir J. W. Lubbock; W. 
Asull, £sq. M. P. Deputy Chairman of the 
East India Company ; Fascoe Greofell, £«q.i 
Isaac Solly* Esq. { M. A. Shee* Esq. Presi« 
dent of the Royal Academy ; and Dr. Roget. 
The younger cart of the attendanU ctmsisteU 
of Mr. J. W. Lubbock* Mr. W. H. Ord, 
Mr. J. RomiUy* Mr. £. M. Fitzgerald* Mr. 
Uildyard* &c. 


Oct, 81. At his residence at Shrews- 
bury, aged 48, the Rev. Thomas Osweli^ 
Rector of the first p<irtion of Westbury, co. 
Salop. He was son of the late Alderman 
Oswell, of Shrewsbury, by Mary, daughter 
of the Rev. Stephen PyretJirick* Vicar of 
Much Wenlock and Leighton. He was of 
St, John's college, Cambridge, B.A. 1803* 
M. A. 1 80b'* and was presented to his living 
in the latter year by Mr. and Mrs. Pemher- 
tnn. Although for several years prevented 
by ill health from performing his clerical 
duty, he was highly respected by his parish- 

ioners, and in hit private character it may be 
truly said* that he '< walked with God." His 
remains were interred at St. Alkmuad*s* 

Abv. 90. At £«ling, aged 65, the Rev. 
George Nicholas^ LL. D. Head Master of 
Ealing School. Dr. Nicholaa was formerly 
a member of Wadham college, Oxford, 
where he attained the dtgrte of M.A. in 
1791, end proceeded B. and D.C.L. in 1798. 
He was the author of " An Easy Introduc- 
tion to Latin Grammar," 19mo. 1798 ; and 
his school has long been celebrated for the 
number of his pupils. Dr. Nicholas was an 
excellent scholar, an almost unrivalled dis- 
ciplinarian* and remarkable for his benevo- 
lence and urbanity. He has lefk sons to 
carry on his establishment. 

Dee. 96. Found dead on a road* having 
fallen from his horse* the Rct. John Jonot 
Vicar of Minster-hiys* Salop, (to wbieh he 
was presented in 1829 by the above Mr. 
Oswell* as Reotor of Westbury*) and Curate 
of Habberley. 

Jan, 1. At Clifion Hotwells* aced 87* 
the Rev. Thomas Buckley^ Perpetual Gorata 
of Measham, Derbyshire. 

Jan. 9. At Wickham, Berks* aged 79* 
the Rev. Henry Sau:lridf:e, Rector Si Wel- 
ford cum Wickham. He was of Queen's 
coll. Camb. B.A. 1789, M.A. 1789; and 
was admitted to his living on his own pe- 

Jan. 18. Aged <»8» the Rev. Nathajnti 
May, Vicar of Leish* Kent. He was of 
Lincoln, coll. Oxford* M. A. 1785* and waa 
instituted to his living In 1811 on his own 
petition. He was the author of *' Sermons 
on the History of Joseph* preached In the 
parish Churches of Hemel Hempsted and 
Great Gaddesden, Herto* 1798*" 19mo. 

Jan. 94. In Sloane-st. the Rev. James 
Siuart Freeman, D. D. Vicar of Chalfont St. 
Peter's* Bucks. He was formerly Fellow of 
St. John's college* Oxford* where he pro- 
ceeded M. A. 1767* B. D. 1799, D.D. 
1799; and was presented to his Uving by 
that Society in 1808. 

feb. 1. At the Vicarage-house* St. Mm- 
garet's in Leicester, after a short illness* 
aced 68, the Rev. Thomas ButnaJbut M. A. 
Vicar of that parish, Reotor of Mistertffi* 
one of the senior acting Magistrates* and 
one of the oldest incumbents b the county. 
He was the eldest son of the Rev. Robert 
Bumaby, LL.B. who was Vicsr of St. Mer- 
garet's* Reotor of Wan lip, and Prebendscy 
of Lincoln* by Katharine, only child of 
Thomas Jee, Esq. of Leicester. He was 
of Clare hall, Cambridge, B.A. 1784* MA. 
1 787* and was chosen aDixie Fellow of Ema- 
nuel college. In August 1785 he married 
Lacy* fourth daughter of Riohard Dyott, 
Esq. of Freeford* in the oonnty of StaffMd, 
bv Katberine, only daughter of Thensas 
Herrick* Esq, seeond brother of the late 


Wntbfn HeirSck, Ew) of Bcmumii 

and bn left B iliKOaiialit* trtdnn 

cKildnn to Imneal th«ir irrcpanbti 

ns imcntcd to Mlilriuin is I7in. hj 

hii funilji *Qd ti> &l. M4rgaKt*i, Lcicn- 

>Ml1 K Lir 
coiiolry 1 

>. b; hii bther 


Sou > 


'^««1."^ th^ 

aedraf W»tKi 

Jan. «9. Id tkrninl (C , uiil 78, Suni 
P>^«r, Ml,, of Gmj'i leu. 

Z«M^. At hit tna'i, tti. R«t. W. H. 
R<mktt, in Eutoaiq., tgtd 84.10)111 Kg»< 

At Cl'iviog-croK, M.Jor Htatj M>rl», 


I thi foDdfU 

lir<F«t*T WOOpt nf JBOmiBT 

■uliJFCI nf Uiii mcinorikl, by hu> nrmiMii u 
• MtgutraUi *Jdcd by ilia good eooduoc of 
tka TConMUf, iH imUilii iDnmauDUl ia 
■)UJnu: At dutniUncc.' Fot thit Hriin 
br pitriisljr iMsited th* tlunla of Guicrn- 
nWDti tliroogh ilic JudMi it tl» (ulinviDg 

buUMlf , iLe i 

of fkihirt, vhniis griUHt luppineu iru la 
th* ba»m irf hii fuiillf. Tlioie viio koe* 
l.ifn Utt cHHBid him didii. Tauri; Ine 
ti0m bjpnciii; or guile, lie (mbainured to 
do t>i* dvt}' to Uud anil mto. LnuJd tp]]*- 
nH holth ud itnngth eaiun cnnliauanci 
ga (Wth, il might Iiua been looked for id 
Umi I but at tlie dote of > dsj >|wDt id tlis 
niBOtI ctxerfulae** ind •rxaur, he mu, io 
hour (^fwr lyipgd^D 


F^: 9. Io Brook-ii , Mugtut £mm*, 
KifeofDr. Hulluid. 

In Wuren-U.. aged BO, Wm. Uko, «q. 
uBckt to Sir Junet S. W. Uko. B>n. EK 
«u the ToiiBgeti ul lut i.irviiiDg toa at 
Sir Atwril, ^ «d Hvt. by Miry, only lUa. 

L. Bjrrley, tnuy jHri ■ 


V'.A. Id Usbelh, Ml 

<iiduil od th* 

■t hukdt of H'oi vha gin ii. 



J,K. 0. At Wool-ich. Major Tsjior.RA. 
Jm. 19. Id Upfwr Unarmor-it., Mijor 
Thgi. Otmjr Cita, brother 10 Kobt. Otway 
C.., «q. M,F. for U:ee.lBr. ■' 
Bccood *on nf die late Heary C 
Sttnfbrd Hall, Leic., and (.'atile 
Ireland, bj Sarah, liiter aod heJreii I<> Sit 
Thoma* Can, the tevcnlh Bvi. of Suufoid. 
Ha >Bi Captain in the fl7th foot, and pnr- 
chaaed tlia rank of Majnr in I B3B. 

Jan. SO. In Dnonihi re- piece, Richard 
Cbichely ria»dca. «<). a Director of ilis 
Eul India Campaoy ■ 

Je«. St. Io flesrietta-iE. HrangHicl nq., 
^<d SG, tieorue HuntioctuD, eio. of Hull, 
yooegeu ion o? lale Wm.H.ex,. of Kirkella. 
Jm. 11. Ia Harley->C.,iie.'<l3S,thehon. 
ffeorielta Maria Pitre, liiter to Lord Pelrc 
She «a* tlie third dau. of Rubt. Edoard, lOth 
and tate L'lrd by Mary Bridget, daughter nf 
Heu; Heoard, no., and (iitu to the Duke 
of Norfnlk. 

Jrn. SB. tn Ymk tctiaee, Iteeeot't Park, 
taabelUMaty, leire of John Falrlie. e«|. 
Al Chtleoa, aged 70, Robert Baiker, aq. 
^on. ie. Aged HI, Aujpn. Rubt< Huhry, 
Mf. of Fenchorch-it. hauler. 

Jaa.t7. iDOrcat Ruiietl-tl. Alnaoder 
Mumj, nq. 

Jm. IS. Aged T 1 , Mr. WillaughLr, of 
Setjeadit' lou, a CDiifldeDlid dull in 

'. H. Paryi, 
I'uu uuEing biie i*te bh terveo in the flra- 

ijuently employed in the Comniitsarj-gina^ 
ral's office, in Canada. During tW war, h« I 
acted ai clerk and interpreter to tite varioua I 
•hipt that were enea^ed. which liiualiMB 1 
ha obtilned tlirounti the iofluence nf » 1 

a redncdun took place, and Mr. Paiyi waa 
diiijliarged amoDcii othcri. L'poa liii arrival , 
Id llili coutitry, he, with the utmnal pana- , 

mcDt iiiiuUle tu liii Ulente, Wt all hi "ctFont 
proied unaniiliiig. He wu reduced to lli« 
inuitd>!nliiiablediitr«i,and at length driven , 
to lelf.ileitmclinn by pciiica, leaiing a vifr 
und three children. 

Feb. S. In Mi11man->l.. Chai. Davli, nq, 
only aoa of laW Mr. Lorkyer Davii. of Hul- 
born, bookseller, who died io 1791 (iM 
memoin of him in Nichd.'. Literary Anec- 
doiei, rnl. ie. p, 43b*;, Mr. Chailei Da>)l 

tune he very lendbly felt. He wai a very 
•pecteH and beloved. 

., May-fair 

Monucu. c 
In Hartey-lt 

ft eoth yaar,Wni. 
! yeu> back he re 

nt. Ub 

the lOih of Jan. he wa; knocked do., by ■ 
cart, and the "hFel went over hii liody 1 lis 
waa able to walk honie, hut H><eisl rihi be- 
ing brnken, he gradually nnll until hi* 

Frt. e. At Cla|iLon, aged Flfi, Mn. Brewtter. 
Frf.7. AlCI«emont-leTrace,Cordall'ni»- 
mai, ein. of the Baak nf England. 

Sarah, Sd daugl.ier of late Win. Bloaam, 
■iq. of Hife-hgato. 

"■ 9, Hcury, »IJt.t.on DflaleU.X..I, 

■green, agod *!l, Cliii, Ana- 
•merchadt, of fwiMhvttiV. 
lu<lnldiu\\tV^k««ViIM• cANVi. 

Weil, K. A 
At Kennlugtn 



Job a Parker, cork nuuiii&cturer, haviag tar- 
vived her eldest dtu (Mra.Oibbe) onliMS days. 

Fe&. 11. At Hackney, aged 59» Thomas 
Glover, esq. who for many yean was prioci- 
pal of t)M Invettigators-omce in the Bank 
of Englaodii 

Aged 57, Lewis Charles Miles, esq. late 
of &innK» 
In NewBond-at. aged Bd,Wm.Lloyd,M.D. 

In Queen Aone-st. Sophia, widow of Wni. 
Bowen» M.D. of Bath, and sister to Thos. 
Boycott) esq. of Ridge Hall, Salop. 
. Ftb. 1%, In Montagu-square, Mrs. Geo. 
Thomhlll, sister to Sir John Caesar Haw- 
kins, of Kelston, near Bath, Bart. She was 
dau. of John Hawkins, esq. (son of Sir Caesar 
the first Bart.) by Anne, eldest dau of Jos. 
Co]bttme,esq. and vras married in Aug. 1780. 

Feb, 18. In Guilford-st. aged 89, Alex. 
John Wallace, esq. 

Dbrbt.— Fe&. 16. At Derby, io the houie 
of her son-in-law John Bingham, esq., 
Martha, widow nf Daniel Rogers, esq. of 
Wassel Grove, Wore, (brother to the poet, 
Samuel Rogers, esq.) whose death was re- 
corded in our last volume, part ii. p. 884. — 
They have left a numerous fiimily. 

Dbvov.— JiotH. 16. At Torquay, Capt. Lu- 
casy late of 9d Royal Veteran battalion. 

Jan. 95. At Whiteford House, L*dy 
Louisa Georgiana» wife of Sir W. Pratt Call, 
Bart, half-eister to the Earl of Granard. She 
was the 8d dau. of Georae, the 5th and late 
Early by bis second wire. Lady Georgiana 
Augusta Berkeley ; was married to Sir Wm. 
June 19* 1806, and had several children. 

JttH, 99. Eliz. wife of the Rev. James 
Longmnre, of Yealmpton, Devon, and sister 
of kte Sir W. Young, G.CJS. 

Laidy, At Dawlish, aged 45, Eleanor, 
wife of the Rev. John Norcross, Rector of 
Framlingham, Su£Fblk, and third daughter 
of Robert Bell, esq. of Humbleton. 

At Plvmouth, Comm. John Davies. 

At Knowle Cottage, near Exeter, Lady 
Collier, widow of Rear-Adm.Sir Geo.Collier, 
Bart, and K.C.B. She was Maria, daughter 
of John Ljron, of Liverpool, M.D. ; was 
married Nlav 18, 1805, and left a widow 
without children, March 91, 1894, when 
the Baronetcy expired. 

Fth, 6. At Fulford Park, near Crediton, 
the Right Hon. Susan Connteu of St. Ger- 
mans. She was the 6th and youngest dau- 
of Sir John Mordaunt, the 7th Bart, (and 
grand&ther of the present Sir John,) by 
Elizabeth, dau. and cob. of Thos. Prowse, 
of Axbridge, esq. ; she became in 1814 the 
fourth WI& of the Hon. Wm. Eliot, (who 
succeeded his brother in the Earldom in 
1898,) and had no family. 

Dorset. — Jan. 19. .^ed 70, Anne, wife 
of Robert Bridce, esq. of Piddletrenthide. 

Jan. 98. Wm. Windham, in&nt son of 
tba Ear. Wn. Berry, Tarrant Hiuton. 


Feb. 5. At an advanced age, Mr. John 
PeroT, an eminent surveyor and auctioneer 
of Sherborne, who conducted an extensive 
bvsmese for nearly fifty years with the strict- 
est integrity. 

Feb. 9. In his 99d year, Thos. Young 
Bird, esq. the oldest burgess of the corpora- 
tion of roole. 

Fe^. 1 9. At Okeford Fitzpaine, aged 89, 
Mr. John Longman, only snrvivinff brother 
of the late Mr. Joseph Longman, Afaster of 
the Free School, Shroton. 

Gloucistbrshirk.— At Noifiilk-tefnce, 
Gloucester, the wife of Liettt.-CoL Masco. 

Feb. 9. At the house of hu brother 
Wm. Weare, es(|. Bristol, aged 75, Henry 
Weare, esq. of Clifton. 

Feb. 10. At Codriuf^n, aged 95, Han- 
nah, widow of Rich. GrismoiMi Oselaad, esq. 
attorney, of Malmesbury. 

Rb. 1 6. At Didmarton, aged 70, Robt. 
Dyer, esq. M.D. late of Bristw. 

Hamts. •— Jan. 98. At Southampton, 
David, second son of the late Capt. Wm. 
Baird, and grandson of Sir Jss. Gardiner 
Baird, Bart, of Saughton Hall, Mid Loihum. 

Jan. 99. In his 48d vear, Augustus At- 
kins, esq. of Shidfield House, near Wick- 

Feb. 6. Aged 16, Eliz. Stewart, niece of 
Dr. Stewart, of Southampton. 

Feb. 7. At Ljrminffton, aged 75, Eliz. 
wife of the Rev. Etlb Jones. 

Feb. 8. Aged 75, lient. John Watkios, 
for 17 years of the S. Hants Militia, and 
previously of the Wilu. 

Feb. 14. At Southampton, aged 79, Wm. 
Smith, esq. late Collector of the Customs of 
thatoort, and one of the senior Aldermen of 
the Corporation. 

Feb. 19. At Wineoester, in the house of 
her son-in-law Sam. Deverell, esq. aged 87, 
Mrs. Lechmere. 

At Avon Cottaee, near Ringwood, aged 
66, James Tyrrell Ross, Esq. 

Hbrbford. — Jan. 9. At Hereford, 
John Guise Rogers, esq. formerly a com- 
mander in the £. I. C. He was one of the 
few who was saved from the wreck of the 
HaswellEast Indiaman io 1786. 

Jan. 96. At Hereford, Ann, wife of Wm. 
Radford, esq. R. N. 

Herts. — Feb. 5. At St. Alban*s, John 
Harrison, esq. bte a Commissioner of the 
Victualliog Board. 

Feb. 14. Aged 78, Tho. Hope Bvde, esq. 
of Ware Park, for many years Receiver- 
general in Herts. 

Hunts. — Feb. 19. At Stangronnd, from 
pulmonary consumption, in her 17th year, 
Maigaretta, eldest dau. of the Rev. Wm. 
Strong. To a frame already beyond the 
ordinary stature of womanhood, sne added 
an understanding equally mature, and dis- 
played a conscientious demeanour in every 
relation of life. 

•«J «K, IW Rt. Hod. Rob.-W 
Lvcd VUcount Ttinwurtli 
F«iT«r>- Ha mmrried Ai 


Lately. Id liii Mni 
nrdi ofloo, Junei 
chincMr, cnoiidered > liine of ths GintiK. 
S.l.or.— Fct. €. Ricb. H%jBi, Jc>D«, 
uq. of Biihop'i Cutis, lite Kniar Cipuio 
1 1 ih F. - 

Souimr.—Jink. 31. At Mirtock, in 

ao<r ViKouol Tux- ).» «3d tut, MuY. third <bu. ofWui. Col* 

lod Robtn-Williun- Woad, uq.; wd on the fallo-int; di;, >t 

DtTcreuK. Cntc, ia her aotli >«r, Elii.-Colc, hii 

Aged Bl, Mti, Curer, uf Prime glOfit dwi. and wife of Wm. R. Warrj.B-q. 

Lalcfy. Al Batli, i«edG9, MijxrGDdfnr, 

furmrrlf of th* llibDraeawii, ud Somei- 

Ht K«Dcib1a C*v(li]r, ind ■ migiitnlc of 


fM.II. At Endscbiii aged SI, Samuel, 
MDofMr. Kiel). Heltick. 

Frf. 19. AcbI 73, Tligi, Wtiker, geat. 

Ptk l». At Whutoa HiiDK, tbe Mat oj 
ita brother- in- law Ednrd Dawion, etq 
Calbnioe, wife of theR«<. J. H. Hamlltvn, 
fifth and vouDgeit din. of the late Thai 
Manh rhiUijM, «q.ofGi 

Feb. I. 

Ftb. a. At Bath, aged nearW 70, the 
Hua. Vner Kom, brother to Lord Vac. 

thff Biihop of Derrj, i AbWubeach, the Dtu of Down. He waa llii third ofiha 

h hit 8Dlh jcar, John Man 

Jon. te. Alex, eldeil ion of Dr, Fruet, 

Laltlu. In lii" Sid year, Tamberlain 
a-illia, taq. uf SInfDrd, >od of Wellmg- 
luD. near Heierard. 

Feb. K. At Liccoln, aged GS, the relict 
of Dr. KocUiffe, of Huracuile. 

MlDOi-UU.— ^nn. S9. Aged 7i, Benj. 
Fuller, tM^ of H 

of Kdw. Homer, 

a of Thonua the Gnt ViHount. Lj 
I- Hon. AOH Vew^, aecond dau. of Jobs 
It Lord Knaptan. He wai funuerl; Cap- 
D in tbe 3Sd Fuut ; and having marrjiiri, 
't. 13, 1791, CatheriiiF, daa, of Gen. 

It Hon 

and tire. . 
ed to tb< 
I. llioina 



B9d tear, Mar., relie 
>f W«t Towo', Back 

I. The •ife of Andrei 

FouDtaine, uq. of Naifoi 


OuBdIe, aged 70, IVIr.Tfanmu H>}i>«. au- 
thor of an ■' Improicd Syitem uf Nunpijr 
OiodeBing," ISli, royal Svo.i " A Treatin 
ou pftpagating hihTdy American Greeo-hoiue 
rtaoK. Fniit-liee.," &0. ISli, royal e.o. i 
" ATreatiM on the improned Culture of tbe 
Sirawbrrry, Bu|>berry, uhI GuoBEbrrr)," 

Jm. tt. At Peterbornugb, aged BT, Ka- 
thcrine, vife itf (.brlttophei Jeffery, etq. 

Jan. •-. Al fljfield Rectory, aged 40, 
Chatlotle, -ih e[ the Re'- Clu.Wetheretl. 

NoTT*.— F<*. IJ. AlMirficldHaU, near 
Tinford, aged »1, Mn. Catlietlne Cact- 
■righi, dau. of Woi- Canwrjghl, tii). of 
MarohuD, bj Anue dau. of Geo. fartwrighl, 
AO-of Oiiingioo. She ma luter to (be lau 
Major Caimriglii aod tbe Rer. Dr. Cart- 
Wight. F.R.S. ; and,lU«'^ ' " * "^ ' 
brMhera, prcMrred to ex 
tiuaoidinar; degree of qi 

t Stuton Dreir, Mr. Fajni 

; n«." ».lecl 
in of llie old 
ow but few «- 

6»o>i.— Fri. S, At Iffle'. aged »o, Mary, 
>ib o( John Ireland, eiq M.D. t n»si'U*te 

•cc«iDpllthmesla, DOS of 
ipaeiBeoa of a Eenilem 
aehoot, uTobich there an 
■mplc* Isft. 

of ilie vs. uf Oiuo. 

Ibe Rer. 

Feb. 14. At Batb, aged f 7, Mr. J. Darey, 
[uiDIcr, autiior of a treuiie on the Dane in 
SliMp, Hhich met with the hifheil apnro- 
Imlion from tbe Bath an.! Wot of England 
Aglicultunlb- ' - 

farmer, ageo lui. 

Jaa. 13. AtAlford-Hou 
ThriDg, etq. a deputy lieu 

Fd: IS. At Bath, Muria. relict ofRohert 
BatbunI, etq. formerly eolleotar of cuitumi 

SlArroRD.— Jan. E3. At StalTord, aged 
Si, Henry Somertille, uq. M.D. 

SvlloLS.— Die. le. Aged SB. SuHuina, 
-Ife of Mileion Edgar, nq. of the Red 
HouK, ne» Ipiwicb. 

Jan. m. At Capt. W.rner'i. Uylwm, 
Artcm'tdarua-CroDiirell, eon of 'llio. Arte- 
midorua Ruttell, eiq, of C)ie>bunt Faik,a<id 
granilion of the late UlWer CrnmwelU eiq, 

SuBRIT.— C<rc. 30. At Surlii ton -place, 
aged 17, Emma, dan. of Mr. Aid. Garrett 
[lee the death of a younger aiater in our laal 
number, p. S3). 

Jan. 1 7. At EgUam, aged 8 1 , Mri. Jaoa 
WettoD, formerly of Cbenaey. 

SuHiK. — Jan. IS. At Biightoo, aged 
Bl, Silvuui n«nn, *in. late of Foabury 
Houte, Wilti, and of Glouceater-place. 

Ftb, 1. At Worthing, aged I yaan, itw 
Hod. Arthur-Dudley Uw. only child of Ld. 

FU: 4. Al Biighton, aged 83, the Hnn. 

[ un ] 


/Von Jtnuttty 16, Is F<£ruary B6, 1 SSD, Mil iueliaitt. 

FahnsUt'i Them. 












B.rM>i. WMthef. 



SI J|30, 06|.iio» 

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S* 1, , SB 



ae 1 , 4c &Lr 1 

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ftir 1 

























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) 30, 10 Gh 


PmmJamarti M,la Ptbruary ts, IS30, talk im 

iMStodc, Jin.9B, 108^.— Feb. M, ) 

Old Soutk Sn Ana. Feb. 4, SI(.— 

J. J. ARNULL, Stock Broker, 

lOa).— ISi lOSl^BS, lOSf. 

-9, 99i.— 90, 9«1. 
Buk-bnildiBp, CoTBLiU, 
HicHiawoH, OoooLircR, tmi Co> 

M.I 4H«T-1T«» W. 


MARCH, 1830. 



Mr Uxi 

As lh( rily of Magdeburg (a tMDs- 
latloii or ill more ^ncletii ajipella- 
lion, PimlicnO|K>lis) does nol come 
wtlhin llic course grhfrally pursued by 
Enttliih travfllen in Saxony, ibe fnl- 
Towing nccoanl of ii, iin perfect ai it is, 
my nol be eiirirely unarceiiiable to 
Mnie or yaiir reader) ; more ei|iccial!y a> 
il bus now been, for serenil aeei, one 
of ibe ninii iinportaDi places in that 
cnuuiry. The preieni Male of the lowti 
aniwrri ihe dncriplion given of il in 
Ihe Nureitiburft Chronicle, il brinu 
Itill considerable ai lo lize, general 
beauiy,and the number of ittchurebei, 
and remarhable for ihe great alrengih 
of ila forlificilioM. The forin of il >■ 
nearly that of a circle, who*e diameter 
i* about an English tnile. The prin- 
cipal natt il on ibe we»iern bank of 
Ihe Elbe :lberc 

Ihe cilndel 

^ Ihe e, 

■mall itreeis, on an itiand, united lo 
both by bridge*. The fortiRcalioni are 
kepi in eierlTeDt order ; and ihc glacis, 
b«ine generjliy planted wiih trees atiil 
ihrub), tuokea ine immediaie neigh- 
bourhood of the town extremely agree- 

It teeiii) lo have artired at itt biKhesI 

Eint of eminence in the reign of the 
nperorOlho ihe Great, who in the 
Sir 930, at the desire of hii Empreis 
ilh (according 10 S|)eed, a d^ughier 
of our SuKon king Edward ihe Elder] 
buiti the calhedial church in honoor 
of Si. Maurice, and iraniferred ihiiher asgi 
one of the ten biiboM'jces ettablished o9sa 
by bis ancestor Charlemagne, when he AM'ii 
hud com I deled iheconoiieM of Sajiony. ab . 
TliU church ii (wiih ihc exception of sahe 
ibe wreen 10 ihe choir, the windows chhi 

of the north aitle, north potcb, i 
west end, with its lowers, wliieh arfc 
Gothic) prom iscuou ily of those two 
styles of architecture which, wliefi 
found in this rounlry, have been lately 
dcnominaird Norman and Early Eng- 
lish. The profusion of ornamenls, 
chiefly foliage, lavished all over the 
itilerior. ii liuij stionishing ; and the 
execuiion of ii is beyond measure de- 
licate. The greatest diipluv of sculp- 
lure is, however, 10 be found in the 
choir, the capitals of the pill.irs to 
which are surcharged with foliage; 
and upon ihese, as pedetlali, aie placed 
Haiues of laini), which are in ihem- 
aelvei sufficient proofs of the very gieat 
abiiily of ihe artists employed upon the 
building. To ihe >ouih tide of the 
church is attached a qtiadranguill 
cloister, chiefly in the Noroian ilyle 
of archiiectuie, in which are several 
Dionumrnls 10 former dignilnrie* uf the 
see. In a chapel, TO the south of the 
choir, t« a small allar-lnmb of while 
slone, 10 the memory of the Empress 
Edith above-named, with a tepresen- 
jation of het upon the top of ii, of 
which, though much niuliUied, enough 
remains to ^ive the spectaloran idea uf 
Its having heen a faiihful portrait, and 
of one lo whom had been allotted no 
common share of |>er>onal charms. 
On the margin of the tablet, on which 
the (i^re reposes, 11 the folluwing iii' 
script I on, which remains uninjured: 


'd b^ tboie whn had sdapled, ia 
a dutwliil latn\, Raman arts mod iiterttuc*) ara placed (io loiill) olthio ihe precailing 
bttar, w t -ahii. D, in the nrd •' DIVE,'' fte. The axatiBa ofaa rffify « Ih* hnat^ 
and tha fi^um in Gothic niehn pk«d romil it, indiciH ih** the tomb wait kna Wa 
•rtetcd at a period much poiarior la ibe daath of Edilh. At w iil\c'iucn^ua(itinA&>!t<a 

196 Account of Magdeburg, [March« 

The sides of the tomb are occupied burnt in iGdl, during the thirty years' 

by Gothic niches, \vhich have small war» are St. Ulrica's, St. John's, St. 

statues in them; and the north end Catherine's, St. James's, St Sebastian's, 

has a representation of some part of St. Nicholas's, St. Peter's, the Wallon 

the legend of St. Elizabeth. The south Church, and that of the Holy Ghost, 

end, from the position of the monu- These are uniformly in the same style 

ment, is invisible. of Gothic architecture, which has been 

At the west end of the church there designated perpendicular English. It 
is also another altar-tomb, very large, should, however, be observed, that the 
and of bronze, to the memory of four first-named have each two lof\y 
Ernest, a bishop of the see, who died square towers at their western ends ; 
in the early part of the sixteenth cen- those of St. John's being in the Nor- 
tury, bat by whose order it was cast at man style, having apparently, with the 
4he latter end of the fifteenth. Upon greater part of the cathedral and St. 
jt lied a 6gore of him, in the episcopal Mail's, escaped the otherwise general 
jt>bes and mitre, with a richly-worked confteigration. St. Mary's is of an 
Gothic canopy above the head, having earlier order of architecture than the 
the crosier in one hand and a staff in cathedral, and is, to all appearance, 
the other. At the angles are the em- the most ancient edifice in the city* It 
blems of the foorEvan^lists, with the is built of red brick, and is singular as 
exception of that of St. John, which having two round towers at its west 
was destroyed by the French, when end* The nave is flanked by nine 
they took the town, under Marshal plain semicircular arches, resting upon 
Ney. The sides and ends are com- massy square pillars, the capitals of 
posed of Gothic niches, in which are which are generally engraved with 
statues of the apostles and other saints. Arabesque work : from thence upwards 
Behind the choir are two slabs of the building seems to be of later date, 
bronze, with figures of bishops upon other arches having been erected upon 
them, in relief; one of Frederic, who them in the early English style, llie 
died in the twelfth century ; and the transepts and chancel are similar to the 
other— which is extremely beautiful, nave. The windows to the aisles are 
and has the two first fingers of the merely narrow highly chamfered open- 
light hand eltvaled, as in the act of ings, with semicircular heads, 
giving the benediction— of Albert, who The square, of which the cathedral 
died m the tenth. Possibly this last forms one side, is planted with trees, 
may be to the memory of that prelate, and has upon it the royal palace, pa- 
mentioned by the Noremburg Chro- laces for the superiors of the church, 
nicle as the first of the see. The a building for the administration of the 
church is at present under repair, so af&irs of the province, and a large 
that two monuments are boarded up, newly-erected barrack for artillery, 
to secure them from injury. It does The number of military now stationed 
not, however, appear that either of here is about 4000, chiefly consisting 
these is (hat for which it was formerly of artillery and infantry ; and there are 
famous— of Otho himself. I suppose, extensive barracks for them under the 
therefore, it perished by the hands of the western ramparts, besides the quarters in 
French. There was once here a large the citadel and those above-mentioned, 
collection of reliques, and, amongst In the market-place, in front of the 
them, one of the water-pots, the con- town-house, is a small equestrian statue 
tents of which u ere changed into wine of the Emperor Otho the Great, upon 
by our Saviour, at the marriage- feast of a lofty pe<lestal and under a stone 
Cana in Galilee ; but these have dis- canopy, with those of his two wives, 
pppearcd since the introduction of Lu- Editn and Adelaide, 
tneranism into the country. There are From the easy communication by 
ten other churches besides the cathe- the Elbe with Hamburgh, this has 
drali one only of which, St. Mary*s, now become a very busthng commer- 
belongs to those of the Roman Catholic cial town, and the handsome quays to 
persuasion. The remaining nine, all the river have very large warehouses 
probably rebuilt since the town was upon them. There are manufactories 

vergt of tha tablet, we cannot judge* without ocular inapection, whether the tablet be the 
••■M which, aa a aimple flat stone, might have originallj covered the Eropreu't tomb ; or 
vhalbar the whole haa been renewed, and a more ancient inscription imitated. — Edit. 

1830.] The Clbilm 

for (liffercnt arliclci of clothing ; l>iit 
that Tor nbicii the phcc it pnrlicularly 
emincDl, is a sub^litule fur cofTvc frtiiu 
the root orthc wild succory (Cidioiimn 
lalybui), a plinl lo be ruiinJ on wusie 
graunil every wheit in ihis counlry, 
■nJ mily lecogniieil in ■uiiimer ami 
•ulumii by ili beauiiriil blue Ruwer. 
Id a stale of ciiltivalioii the roots grow 
very large and fleshy ; and the prcpara- 
iloa aF them, when useil in coinbina- 
lion wtlh Itw cafTre itself, is said lo 
aJil very much to the a<jreiriibleiie9S of 
iu flavour. X. Y. Z. 

Mh.Ubba*. 0.r/W, Feb. ifi. 

YOUR Antiquarian Coticspomlent, 
Mr. Fosbroke, in p. 3 1, complains 
of certain dinicultiFs which he finds 
concerning one Reynold de Ctiniun, 
raeniionnT in Kasied's " History of 
Kent," vol. iv. p. 307. Hjaicd, how- 
ever, had in tonic degree corrected his 
own error, hy naying " Hcytiold, or 
more probably Wiitiam Lurd Clinton." 
There was a Ki:ginald or Keynold de 

necictl with the history of this tnwn, 
in conjunction with some of the Clin- 
ton lUniily ; which prnbabl}' led to this 

hut the great beoefaclnr to the House of 
the Carmelite Fiiin at Sandwich, ivai 
certainly William Lord Clinton. The 
date of his benefaction, ncvcriheless, 
wat D0( the twentieth of l^ilward I., 
but the Icnih of Edward III. There 
were, indeed, some grams to the Priory, 
cuiilirmed bv Icilers pitcnl of the eighth 
and thirl^-lourlh of Edward I.; but 
these, it IS presumed, were inferior be- 
nefactions, though the very existence 
oftliem itsofhcient to account for this 
variety and confusion of dates and 
names. Hailed's " History" is truly 
characterised by Mr. Fcnhroke as " va- 
liublci'* but in the pietent instance, 
whatever rctsies to the Priory at Sand- 
wich, Hasted cojiied from Boys, the 
' ' ' ' of the town. Boys copied 

from Tanner; Tanner from W 
Weever from Bale, Lebnd, Sfc. 
most valuable and interesitnz pi 


The History of Sandwich,' by 
Boyi, it extracted from the inwn- 
reconli, many of which are now loll, 
not enliicly it is to be hoped, from 
ih< unwutiiiy cause mentioned by Mr. 
Gatm, the inwn. clerk — that nniitgua- 
ri»» have borrowtd lliem, and hsve 
for^tlen to rriutn Ihi-in. This >i a 

iiquarits are honnd lo repel ; and 
Gnncl should be called upon either lo 
substanliule the cburge. or retract % 
Tliey might probably have been uscd 
by Hoys, and nnt replaced. ' 

Mr. Fnibroke is not quite correct iA 
slating that friaries hail no 
endownienii, though such endowmei>M 
were rare, piirticulatly Iti the early 
history of Mich e^iablishoienls. Ttl* 
Dominicans, or Black Fiiar*, are saM 
lo have come into Enplnnd in I8ZI| 
theFraiiciicans.orGrcyFriarl, inlBS41 
the Carnielitej, or White Friars, about 
1840. The biter were so far fron 
being popular at lint, that in the forlyf 
seventh of Henry III. about lhrte-an4 

for arresting all tiagalond Carmelllet. 
Hence, by dej^reei, arose their liiietl 
habitations, with occasional endowi 
nienls, some of which were coniiden' 
ble, 33 this at Sandwich. HearvYi 
is taid to hate token up bit abod) 
with this fraternity, in the year 141% 
before lie embarked for Calais ; a pre- 
sumptive proof of their opulence a * 

The Betnardines were only i 

formed branch of Friars, brought 
Enf;lond so l.ilc as 14^2, whose miMt 
sumptuous foundation was in Oxford: 
from the inuniltcence of Archbishon 
Chicheley, partof ivhoseettablithmelrt 
may still be seen in the outer quadranl 
glcofSt. John's College. 

To return to iheClinb 
am quite satisfied that ill 
William Lord Clinton in the time of 
Edward 1. though there were man; 
collateral branchei of the family a 
that name, both before and afte- ■*-- 
period; and the first William 

Clinton was created Eail of Hui ,. 

don in the fouticenih century, and OM 
so late as the period of Henry IV, atH 
Edward IV. as staled by Mr. Vosbrolit^, 
i.e. in the fifteenth century. The»» 
particulars are of importnnce, at coi^ 
necied with the history of an illuslriott| 
family; and as your Repository, Mu 
Urban, is remaiK.-ible for its gcncaloin- 
cal ai well as other treasures of ao^ 
tiquily, 1 have transmitted these notice^ 
for insertion in your pages. *'" 
Fi«broke himself, on examinatii 
Uugdale and other authorities, will m 
clearly the real slate of the case, anqp 
will be ihc fitst lo correct any mi*'-"!--* 

> i«l 



Walk through the Highlands. 


^ Walk throooh thb Highlands. 

(Continued from page 198.) 

IMMEDIATELY on quitting Dum- 
bartoii, we crossed the Leven, and, 
according to some, entered on the 
Highlands. Generally speaking, how- 
ever, they are said to commence at 
I.4ISS. Soon after this we passed the 
monument, by the road side, erected 
to the memory of Dr. Smollett, and 
were within view of the family man- 
sion. I do not recollect that there is 
any thing particularly elegant in this 
monument, neither is the situation of 
it happy, except in as far as regards 
poblicity. The roads here are un* 
commonly good, and the neighbour- 
hood populous, with several l>leach- 

At this spot we were joined by a 
dirty and right villanous-looking fel- 
low, with a pack at his back, who 
seemed determined to favour us with his 
company. At first we were shy; but he 
persevered, and, in the end, we gained 
from him some useful information. He 
was a Highlander, and had a perfect 
knowledge of the whole country and 
its inhabitants, in high or low land. 
Hf had travelled repeatedly over the 
borders, and been as far south as York. 
Finally, it appeared that he was a 
whiskey smuggler, and with this de- 
lightful beverage he travels all over 
Scotland. If this is found upoQ him 
by the ^vemment-offioers, 

\* Thae curst horM-lcechei o' th'Exoite, 
Wha mak the whiskej-itilli their prise," 

be is instantly deprived of his whole 
cargo. But tnis is the only punish- 
ment ; " for as yet," says be, " there is 
no transporting in onr country." He 
now spoke English well, although at 
the age of twenty-five, he said he was 
anable to utter a word of that lan- 

' The first view which we had of 
Loch Lomond was infinitely more 
beautiful than I have words to express. 
The day was fine, and very warm, 
thongh not without a refreshing breeze. 
The waves of the Lake rolled stilly aud 
placidly to the shore, reflecting, in the 
most vivid manner, heaven's blue con- 
cave. We had a view of several of 
the Islands, clad in the freshest ver- 
dure; of the house of Cameron, most 
romantically situated on the water's 
edge, yet " bosomed high in tufted 
trees;*' and of Ben Lomond, at the 
further extremity of the Lake. At the 
spot where we rested, ihc wild flowcis 
"rom the hedges dispensed the most 

grateful fragrance; and, alto^ther, I 
felt the scene highly exhilarating. 
Here, too, the sides ot thp rosMl were 
adorned with foxgWe in great abun- 
dance, and in full lloom, with varloos 
other flowers, which, without being 
rare, were notwithstanding beautiful. 

*< The droopinff Aih, wad Birch, betwceo, 
Haog their nir tresses o'er the gteen. 
And all beneath, at random grow 
Each coppice dwarf of varied show. 
Or round the stems profusely twined, 
Fliog summer odoun on the wind." 

Before parting, our Highlander told 
us, that in the Loch were as many as 
thl *y islands, on one of which, be- 
longing, 1 think, to the Duke of Mon- 
trose, there were deer. He also pointed 
out to us Inch Murreik, on which, he 
informed us, there is an asylum for the 
" daft people." He moreover told us 
that the water, within a certain number 
of years, had encroached considerably 
on the land ; and, at some distance in 
the Lake, pointed out to us a spot 
where there was formerly a church, 
parts of which are, at times, still 

The Islands of Loch Lomond are 
supposed to form part of the Grampian 
chain, which terminates here on the 
west. The depth of this Lake, on the 
south, is not above twenty fathoms; 
but the northern Creek, near the bot- 
tom of Ben Lomond, is from sixty to 
eighty fathoms. Pennant makes its 
length twenty-four Scotch miles; ita 
greatest breadth, eight miles. 

We arrived at Loss aboot four : andj 
because we wished to be at the foot of 
Ben Lomond, ready to start for' its 
summit in the morning, procured a 
boat to cross to Rowerdenan, a solitary 
house, which we reached about biilr- 
paat seven. The mountain looked more 
frowningly than ever, still thicker mists 
majestically sailing along its sides ; and 
it appeared that we had little chance 
of a fine day for our ascent on the 
morrow. The mist had the appearance 
of vast columns of steam ; and, on 
some parts, it seemed to hang suspend- 
ed like a water-spout. Altogether the 
phenomenon, to an inexperienced eye, 
was very striking, and right melancholy, 
and I already fancied myself in the 
land of heroes, listening to the songs of 
other times. 

We had thought Luss miserable, 
and we scarcely found ourselves better 
off here. Wc requested some tea, tbat 
soother of all sorrows, and retired to 
bed. Mv Toom ^v \.V\« ume was under 
the banOLs ol vVv« ov^otv^, ^tA ^vit\^^ 

1 830. J 

Walk through the Highlands. 

wiih splashes of white- wash, anil ofihe 
(nt») intuiTrtaUe clostnew. " Thcce 
wa* lh« most villdidus compound of 
nnb ifn'Us tliat ever oiTcnded notlril.'' 
" He ihst would have hij window 
I open," isyi Juhnsoo, "muii hold ii 

«viib his tiand, ui:ile«i(what may some- 
(iiiie* be found amoogm good con- 
triver*] there be a mil, wliich he mav 
uicli inloa liolclohcepiLrrom falling. 
Here, however, there was no nail, and 
1 WH under ihe oecc««iLy of propping 
the window open wiih my knppsacli, 
which, in ihe maruin;, 1 found sa- 
luralod wiih (he dewi of heaven. Al 
Dumbarton I had Clanti hangings. 
Al Rowerdenan 1 had Boae. What 
would be the pkaiure of iravetling, 
were it rot for variety, 

" ihe ttcj »pic« of life. 
Which ^T« it ill ilaaivout?" 
The morning of Thouday, the 1 Ith, 
had a itill more unpropiiious appear- 
ance. Thick and iiiipeneirable clouds 
had saiherrd on the head of Ben Lo- 
mond, nod the wind howled inoatpof^t- 
taHg. Sliotling into the woods, which 
are here very ex.ienjive, and conrcd 
with the most heautiful heath*, we. re- 
enjoyed a view of the Lake. On our 
return along lU ahores, wc obwrved 
two boili making for our Aalel ; the 
one cutiiaining a gentlenian and two 
ladies, the other iheir carriage. W« 
rrjoicetl at llie light, thinking that, if 
■hey were compatiinnable souls, they 
would irfve 10 diuipaie ihe lolitudc of 
Rowerdenan, In thii we were not 
di*appainieH. H.iviug commenced an 
•eqaaintiince, we fouud that the ladiet 
had croutd the Uikc, like ourielvcs, 
with a view of itscGndini{ Ben Lomond. 
The gtntUnun had |>erfurnied lhi> feat 
belbrf, and had no wiih to repeat the 
eaperimcni. We were iheiefore to be 
(be ladiei' conductots, attd we com* 
incncrd out ascent about mid -day. 
One of the lidiei wai placed on an 
bill iiid tteady gray charger, well-used 
to the rocky and uneven loid over 
which he was to pass; und his rider 
teemed to proceed without much ap- 
prehension. The rest of the party 
walked. Having Dsccndrd lomewhat 
tnoTcthan o mile, we had a lolerahlc 
*ietv of the Ldke and its Illandi. 
Shortly aflrr ihii ii began to rain, and 
every ohjeci wse luddcnly snatched 
from our view. A( length, after an 
bour't march, we were coinplcielj en- 
leloped in the thick mitli hovering 
tmr the tummil, and very speedily 
wci thmugb. Wc paued setenl mu- 
raam or ifiiiiigi oii tile side of the 


hen we were freouentljp 
ankle-deep in the mire, or in the gnk 
lers made by the tntrenta, and oft** 
concealed by rushes and long grai^ 
Wc had thut not only to encouot|^ 
wet and dirt, but some danger. Tby' 
day was, in fact, most miierable ; jif 
we determined not to return till w« 
had gained the tumniit. At the hwt 
stage, we left the old horse, topfi 
lome Tcrreshment, and proceeded. OmE 
clothes were, at ihia time, on the siijf 
from which the wind hlew, complctql}^ 
covered wiih a hoar frost, and it MW 
intensely cold ; yet we heeded it not, 
but arrived al the highest point Itt 
Bafeiy. Storms and thick daiknen luN 
rounded us on all sides. We beat, 
over the well-known precipice, t^ 
could only behold the thick miit 
ing below us. The sight, nolw .._ 
standing, w8b really grand, and lb* 
gulf below horrible. 

After resting a sufficient time on Ll 
aumniil, and congraialating ourschrflSr' 
upon attaining il, we prepared to d» 
■cend, and came down right metril* 
till we observed our guide to wave 
and, long before he confessed il, i 
fell certain that he had inisicd hit wi 
At length be wei obliged to stop ai 
recnnnoiire. We could see but a ve^ 

few yards before us, and our situation 
was any thing but agreeable. Ws 
wandered altogether at random fi 
very considerable time, and in a di 
lion, as it appeared to me, quite difr 
ferent from that by which we bid 
ucended. We did not, however, think 
it expedient to interfere wiih ourgui^ 
n ho yet seemed very ready to tate any 
advice. Al leQglli we carne lo a me 
tain-stream, and followed its coi 
downwards. The walking, for ii _.. 
there was none, was now really fiighk 
ful. At one moment wo were i 
morass, tho next enUingled in 
healh ; and though we fought one way 
with much resolution, yet were we M 
DO meunf sorry when we got a tight al 
the Lake, and linally of out inn. t 

Tbe height of Ben Lomond it conif 
inonly stated to be 3,86a feet abova 
tho level of the sea, and it ii said u 
b«.compo«ed chieHy of ^eiss, thoughi 
in it) neighbourhooil, micaceous schiit 
tus is very abundant. " Ptarmagam,{t 
says Gilpin. " are found on thesumi"'' 
and roebucks in the lower regions.' 

On Friday, the IZlh, we crtv _ 
the Lake lo Invernglass Ferry. Tbd 
bteadih at this spot is, I ku^^k, qoK 
more than a mWe -, ^et, wVten wt v«vt 
about tnidwaj over, wc m>:\ w'wVi ^ 


Walk through the Highlands. 


considerable swell ; and at times our 
guide iu formed us, ihe navigation tvas 
very hazardous, owing to the squalls, 
or sudden gosts of wind, from the 
mountains. The water was beautifolly 
clear, and transparent to a very con- 
siderable depth. 

From Invernglass Ferry the road 
was excellent, winding along the bor- 
ders of the Lake, and partly cut out of 
the huge masses of overhanging rock^ 
not without an immense expenditure 
of labour and money. By the side of 
the road we did not fail to observe, 

'* Copioot of flowers* the iroodbiae pale 
•aJ wan. 

But wdl compeniatiDg htr sickly looks 

With neTer-cloying oaourt." 

Few, however, were the passengers to 
enjoy its fragrance. 1 believe, on this 
day, we haa it all to ourselves. I do 
not recollect encountering even a shep- 
herd or his dog. The admirable state of 
the roads in these solitary wilds at first 
surprised us considerably ; but, when 
once made, they are indestructible. 

Between one and two we arrived at 
Arroquar Inn, a house standing alone 
at the head of Loch Long, and sur- 

Highiana cniettam; 
and on entering the house, I think 
we learnt that it had actually been the 
residence of a Highland family, and 
not very long relinquished. The rooms 
were large &nd gloomy, the furniture 
of every description corresponding ; the 
wainscoting of oak ; the tables, win- 
dows, and fire-place, truly baronial. 
Aftec a sufficient rest, we proceeded. 

It now occurred to us very forcibly 
that we were in the Highlands. The 
hills, the roads, the lakes, were soch 
as we had anticipated. A few misera- 
ble firs, here and there, served to point 
out the abode of man ; or, perhaps, a 
solitary and half-blasted pine waved its 
branches, in undisturbed melancholy, 
over some tall cliff. Loch Lons, by 
the side of which we were travelling, 
is a salt-water lake, dreary, cold, and 
comfortless ; and we could not avoid 
contrasting iu shores with those of the 
beautiful and highly-favoured Lqf^h 
Lomond, which we had so lately 
quitted— the latter gently rolling its 
pellucid waves to the shore, over peb- 
bles without a weed, and hiding them 
under its banks, fringed with alder and 
hazles — the former, disturbed, salt, and 
boisterous— its shores, from the filthy 
aad co/Jcctcd sea- weed, resembling the 
sweepiogs ofthcAugeaa stable. 

Hastening our steps, we soon arrived 
at Glen Croe. We had thought Loch 
Long horrible, but this s|x>t far sur- 
passed it. Besides, it was now raining 
very hard. The swollen streams were 
continually crossing the road, and were 
at first vexatious, because they prevent- 
ed OS looking for stepping-stones. At 
length they became so numerous, that 
we walked through them without fur- 
ther trouble. 

The road was here uncommonly 
steep, almost overhung by the huge 
mountain- masses bounding its sides, 
and we now seemed altcM^ther ex- 
cluded from the haunts of men. A 
dismal rivulet foamed by the side of 
the road, into which hastened num- 
berless mountain-streams, causing a 
noise of many waters. A few wan- 
dering sheep were scattered over the 
aides of the mountain. With a good 
road under our feet, in summer, and 
without a possibility of missing our 
way, the scene was tremendous. W hat, 
then, must it have been in older times, 
without a road, and amidst the dark- 
ness of a night in winter ? 

At length we reached the summit 
of the hill, and arrived at Rest-and-be 
thankful, which is a stone, with a 
suiuble inscription, placed by the sol- 
diers of the 23d regiment, by whose 
labour the road was begun and finished. 
Here we at last rested for a short 
space, and reviewed the road we had 
pisssed. We ap|)eared to have arrived 
at the end of all things ; and I think 
my friend remarked, that the adjoining 
rocks, and scenery altoeether, appeared 
to him as the offal, or rubbish-materials, 
thrown aside after the creation of hap- 
pier parts of the world — and which, 
stubborn, unwedgable, unmalleable, 
must e\-er continue to frown in this 
their primaeval and chaotic slate — 
without form and void. 

From Rest-and-be- thankful nothing 
attracted our attention till wc arrived 
at Ardkinglass, a good house on the 
left, immediately before entering Cairn- 
dow ; the end of our |)eregrinations for 
the day. As we passed, it appeared to 
us very snug and comforuble, for it 
was in a sheltered situation, surrounded 
by policies of tolerable growth. We 
arrived at the inn at Cairndow, on 
Loch Fyne, a quarter after six, wet, 
and much fatigued ; but we found 
civility and comfort, and what more 
can there be iu the mansions of lairds 
or chieftains ? 

An Our Subscriber. 

« « 




Almshouses at MiUham. — Author of Junius. 


Mr. Urban, 

THE accompanying View (see Plate 
I.) reprcbeius the Alins-Hoaseson 
the Lo«^er Grten, at Miicham, in the 
county of Surrey, lateW erected and 
endowed by the niunincence oFMiis 
Tate« Tor twelve poor >%'onicn, rrom 
detigbs aod under the direction of Mr. 
Budricr. These Alms- Houses occupy 
the.tibe of an ancient mansion, formerly 
tbc^vesidence of the.Tate family, many 
of wbom are buried in the parish 
cbiiifh., A'monument, beautifully ex- 
ccylcd in white marble, has lately been 
eracicif in the north aisle to the father 
of tiiij{ foundress of these Alms- Houses, 
Geejuie "tatc, £s<^. a gentleman of ami- 
able and accomplishtd manners. 

xours, &c. *. 

»m . V 

JuirxvB^SiRPBiLipFRAvcis, Burke, 
JoHM HorkbTookr. 

M«. Urban, Theiford, Feb. 13. 

R*£F£BRING your correspondent 
, " C- S. B." to your Number for 
S^pieintwr. 1887> p. SS3, for an ac- 
cooM Q^ the burning of the Jesuitical 
booka of Busembaum and others at 
Fkni» Aug.7,.I7Gl» I beg to present 
yoo with an extract from a letter* 
whicb^ soon after the insertion of that 
article in your Miscellany, I received 
from my friend Mr. Gcorj;e Covenuy ; 
the author, it will be remembered, of 
the Essay in which the claims of Lord 
George Sackville were very ably aa- 

** 1 hare now < The Gcntlemaa't Msn- 
zina ' Sot October before roe. It states that 
the Jesntieal books, twenty-four in number, 
«rere burat bj the common hangman in 
IWis, OD Aug. 7, 1761. The questicm it, 
wheAar thw conflaention is the one alluded 
to by Jnnhii, nr whether it waa one of. an 
earlier data? That it cannot be the one 
alMed to liy Junius, is, I think, evident 
fron the eireumstance tliat we were at open 
liosliHty witk France at the sMra in question ; 
so tlttt it would have been neat to an im- 

• I quote it from the Preface to ** The 
Claiaa of Sir Philip Fraocis, K.B. to the 
Authorship of Junius' Letters disproved, and 
some . Inquiry into the Clums uf the late 
Charles Uiiyd* Esq. to tlie Composition of 
then, by K. H. Barker." Lood. 1 8a8.---I 
venture to assure your correspondent tliat, if 
Im will examine this book, he will find a 
great variety of new matter on the whole 
question, without the smallest bias towards 
any particular opinion. 

GsNT. Mag. Muich, 1830, 


possibility that Junius should have been in 
Paris at the said conflagration, unless he 
were a prisoner of war : even tlien it is not 
likely liis quarters would Iwve been in the 
capital. On reference to < La Vie de fiu- 
semliaum,' I find there have been several 
confla(p«tions of bis works : one on March 
10, 1758.; also Sept. 9, 1757 ; probably se- 
veral other times at an earlier period. * The 
Edinburgh Review,' Nov. 1817, tells us, 
that Francis was merely a clerk in the 
Foreign Office In 1756, remained until 1758, 
when he went with General Bligh, as se- 
cretary, to the cspeditioo to St. Cass ne- 
ver ]«pded; returned home; in England 
uptil 1761 9 when ha went with LordlCin* 
noul to lisboo, by sea ; returned home ia 
October of the saaie year, and was appoinicd 
to a situation in the War-Office i so that, 
admitting Junius, against all probability, 
was in Piuras in Aug. 1 761, it is evident Frai|i> 
cis.was not there, being then in Lisbon." 

The date of the burning of the 
Jesuitical books at Paris,in Aug. 176I, 
furnishes a most decisive fact against 
the claims made for Burke; for, on 
reference to the biography of Bnrko 
(which I have not at hand), I think it 
will appear that he did not visit Paris 
till 1772. 

1 will take the present opportuiiy of 
doin^ justice to the memory of Sir 
Philip Francis, as I have been unin- 
tentionally instrumental in pro)>agating 
some calumnious and false statementa 
respecting him. Ip p. 8g of my book 
I nave.qooted the followii^ passage 
from Capt. Medwin*s " Convenations 
with Lord Byron ;'* . 

«c < Do you thbk (asked I) that Sir Walter 
Scott's Noveb owe .any part of their leputa- 
tioA to the concealment of the autnor'a 
name ? ' ' No,' said Lord Byron, ' suck 
wwks do not gain or lose by it. I am at a 
loss to know hiB reason for not giving up 
the tnoogm/o, but that the reigning fiunily 
could not have been very well pleased witn 
Waverley*. There is a degree of Charla- 
tanism in some autliors keeping up the un- 
known. Junius owed much of his fame to 
thu trick ; and now that it Is known to be 

* Ou this point Lord Byron's sentiments, 
(as stated by Capt. Medwin,) have long since 
proved erroneous. Some of Byron's alleged 
assertions on the subjecti particularly re- 
specting an interview between his Lordship 
and Sir Walter Scott in Murray's shop, have 
1)een denied by the Novelist, in his Ute Pre- 
face; and Byron's ridiculous notion, that 
Waverley gave offence to the reigning fiunily, 
finds the most complete refutation in the 
dedication uf tlic new edition to bit Ma- 
jesty. — Edit. 

SOS Sir Philip Franeis,^^American Essayists on Junius. [Marcfa^ 

the work of Sir Philip Francli, who retdt it ? 
A political writer, and one who deiceuds to 
penonalitie*, luch as disgrace Juniu8> should 
be immaculate as a public as well as a private 
character ; aod Sir Philip was neither. Ha 
had his price, and was gagged by being sent 
to India. He there seduced another man*! 
wife. It would have been a new case for a 
Judge to sit in judgment on himself in a 
€rim» eon. It seems tnat his conjugal felicity 
WM not great ; for, when his wife died, he 
CUM into the room where they were sitting 
up with the corpse, and said, < Solder her 
npf solder her up!* He saw his daughter 
crying, and scolded her, saying, * An old 
hag, she onght to hava died thirty years 
ago!' He married, shortly after, a young 
woman. He hated Hastings to a violent 
degree. All he hoped and prayed for, was 
lo outlive him. But many of the newspapers 
of the day are written as well as Junius.' ' 

This passage was extracted into va- 
rioQs periodicals at the time of its first 
appearance in Captain Medwin*s book; 
and as there was no public contrndic- 
tion gtren to the slanderous statements, 
no doubt, in many quarters, they were 
regarded as tme. But a friend, who is 
acc^uainted with the daughter of Sir 
Philip Francis, made the following 
communication to me, which I am 
happy to make public : — ** The story," 
she savs, " is an infamous falsehood ; 
that she was with her mother during 
her last illness, and remained in the 
house subseouent to that melancholy 
event, and inat her father never con- 
ducted himself with the monstrous 
impropriety, never uttered the barba- 
rous expressions there imputed to him ; 
and he did not marry again for seven 
years after the occurrence in question. 
Mr. P'rancis (the son) had intended 
prosecuting Captain Mcdwin and his 
publishers ; but ill health, and a domes- 
tic misfortune (the loss of an amiable 
and beloved wife) have prevented his 
making any kind of exertion.*' 

It may be iniereRting to some of 
your readers, to know that the question 
about the authorship of ** junius*s 
Letters** has been much agitated in 
America. I have received from that 
distant region three works on the sub- 
ject, of which the titles are : 

1 . *< Junius Unmasked ; or Lord George 
Sackville proved to be Junius. With an 
Appendix, showing that the Author of the 
'Letters of Junius' was also the Author of 
* The History of the Keign of George III. ;* 
and Author of * The North Briton,' ascribed 
to Mr. Wilkes. Embellished with a Print 

ofSMckvillc. — Alcvrt nr?m noOT<.'»?."--13o:ton, 

i9g$. Jiao. pp. 137. 

9. " Memoirs of John Home Tooke, 
together with his valuable Speechpj and 
Writings. Also containing Proofs, identi- 
fying him as the Author of the celebrated 
' Letters of Junius.' By John H.A.Graham, 
LL.D. — JustiticB generisque humani advoca- 
fiM."— New-York, 1 82S. 8vo. pp. 842. 

8. " The Posthumous Works of ' Junius ;' 
to which is prefixed an Inoniry respecting 
the Author. Also, A Sketcn of the lafe of 
John Home Tooke. — Non vulttu, non color 
tuna."— New-York, 1 899. 8vo. pp. 498. 

In •* The North American Review," 
No. ()5, Oct. 29, 1829, there 11 a very 
long article, which takes for its text 
the first-mentioned of these books, 
" Junius Unmasked," and in which 
the pretensions of Sir Philip Francis 
are refuted at much length, and those 
of Lord George Sackville are enforced. 

My intelligent correspondent, John 
Pickering, Esq. in a letter dated Boston, 
U.S. Not. 30, 1829, writes to me thus : 

** I perceive a work on ' Junius* just 
announced as coming out this winter, 
which I will forward to you. This is 
announced with some pretensions, as 
demonstrating ' Junius' to have been 
the work of an English Peer, to whom 
it has never been attributed." 

Yours, &c. E. H. Barker. 

Mr TTrrav Summerlands, Exeier, 
Mr. URBAN, Feb. 2. 

PUBLIC attention is benefictally 
elicited to lamentable defects in 
leading Institutions, by attempts to 
state them, and to suggest remedies, 
or some alleviation of a positive and 
crying evil, through the channel of 
widely-circulating periodical publica- 
tions. The Court of Chancer v, 
originally intended as a court of con- 
science and equity, to soften and tem- 
per the asperities of common law, 
corresponded, during a long period, 
with the beneficent design of its in- 
stitution ; but, in process of time, an 
unfortunate disposition to litigation, too 
generally prevalent, removed to a court 
distinguished by the fairness of its de- 
cisions so vast a multiplicity of cases, 
as to exclude all possibility of the more 
early or speedy determination. In this 
state of things rules and forms, un- 
avoidably of a tedious and vexatious 
description, were introduced, ostensi- 
bly for the maintenance of due order, 
method, and regularity, but very de- 
structive of the pro|)eriy unfortunately 
involved. A jusi and slow decision, 
on a covi\v>Araiivcly few number of suits 

I 183a] 

DeJecU in the CouTt of Chancery, — Remediei 

long in abeyance, aHbrcla no contola- 
tion lo tile mullituile of wrclcbcd 
milort. whoie properly lying io Chan- 
_ .. 1 IhxTly and 

aoil individujis, whose means are ihus 
locked up, and wlio would ollicrwiie 
be wealiliy and independent, are re- 
duced 10 extreme mitery aod aufieriDg, 
ill ului Ilopelcsinesi of ever eniergiog 
froai a coiiauion frequently lerminating 
in iounily, arising from exclled feel- 
ings of degpair. Deeply iiupreoed 
with a just tenie of tucn apgravaled 
cireumsuuces, many benevolent mid 
eminent legal cliaraclers have, «t va- 
tiout tines, broushi this hcarL-rending 
subject before Parlisnienl, proposini; 
ameliorations of a »y5iem ihe toujce of 
to much solid misery. 

The only eisenlial improvement in- 
iroduecd, was thai of appointing; an 
ttsiiilani judge lo the Lord Chancellor. 
It was foreseen, us appears to be the 
fact, thai where there wis such Bc- 
camolitcd evil to be remedied, this 
inadequate assistance could haie but 
■n inconeidcnble cficct. The measure, 
feeble as it wan, sufficiently evinced, 
however, that the appointment of ad- 
ditional Chancery Judges was the pre- 
cise remedy wanted ; with, also, the 
abo1i[ioii of useless lecbnicalitics, and 
modes of proceeding, fuHy proved to 
be good for nothing more than to pro- 
duce delay and an unnecessary increase 
nf expense. It then clearly appears, 
that a principle has been practically 
•dmiited and established for obviating, 
in future, a national reproach, which 
Km existed, is prevalent in the Court 
of Chancery, and M'hich it concctni 
the public credit tu have diminished. 
All this bein^ unquestionable, the 
mode most desirable and least expen- 
sive for ejecting a great ^ood, and re- 
moving an inl^crable evil, remains lo 
be considered, ll is evident that all 
our learned aod excellent Judges are 
nifiicieolly occupied ; and he must be 
btita tupcilicial and shallow observer, 
who has not noticed the zeal, labour, 
and ability wiih which these excellent 
men, in advanced life, diicharge their 
miM important duties. Our learned 
Serjetints-aulaw are generally men of 
disungaithed laleots, who, after long 
ptftctice and experience, become Judges 
U vacaocie* occur, and therefore they 
Kie adequate to every doty required on 
the Bench. The Augean italic le- 


quires lo be cleansed; or, in other 
words, ail the cases in Chancery ought 
(a be decided. To achieve this, let six 
of llie legal Serjeants best calculated 
for the task be, with ati adequate al- 
lowance, nominated [o act as Judges 
under the auspices of the Lord Chan- 
cellor. Probably two of the Exche- 
quer Judges, who have least to do, 
might be conjoined. Where it the 
allowance to these temporary Judges to 
come fiomt In favour of a measure 
which promises the only chance of 
recovering their property, now despe- 
rately situated, the much lo be pitied 
suiiori would rMdII; acquiesce in hav- 
ing the enormous sum in Chancery 
assessed, in order lo accomplish the 
great object in view. This once ef- 
fected, the temporary Judges will be 
no lon^r reaulsile, and in future all 
cases will be decided without delay. 
! write very imperfectly, Mr. Urban, 

ith a 

view of inilocing those better qualified 
to propose something better, in a case 
of indispensable neccstiiy, and impli- 
cating the national honour. 

The philanthropic investigations of 
the Sol icilor .general into most dis- 
tressing cases of unintended severe 
sufTerinsB in prison, and the Lord 
Chancellor's humane resolution to ob- 
viate such in future, give additional 
interest and force lo what cannot fail 
to arresi the attention of every feeling 
mind. John Macconalb. 

Mr. Uhbaic, March 10. 

PERMIT me to olTer a few observa- 
tions which occurred lo me in 
reading some of your recent numbers. 
Yours, &c. E. I. C, 


If your correspondent Mr. Sawyct,^^ 
(in your last volume, page *g(i,) nad 
given the dimensions of Pelerchurch, 
or added a scale lo the plan, he would 
have rendered it of more utility j and 
1 could have wished your correspond 
dent had niinuiely described the ar- 
chileciure of the building, which I 
should judge from ihe place lo be • 
structure of more than ordinary inie- 
rest. The portions o and c 1 consider 
formed the first church ; b was then 
added, the small arch between b and c 
being in all probability the original en- 
trance, A,ihe prcMiii nave, was ihett im- 
pended to iVie i».tuc\.vHt ■, ^\iw\»,\1 \ 


ArehUeclural Remarks, 


am risht in my coiyectaret, mutt war- 
rant the character I have attributed to 
it. The chnrch of East Ham it very 
limilar* ; it has an eastern chancel of a 
semicircular form, then a second chan- 
ce] more westward, and then a nave, all 
ancient and in the circular style ; and 
lastly, a tower of pointed architecture. 
*— The existence of the ancient altar is 
Tcry singular: the destruction of altars 
was one of the excesses which reflected 
little credit on the reformers of the 
church in the l6th century. 


The device mentioned by the Rev. G. 
Oliver, (n. 5g0) as existing on a stone 
coffin in Whaplode Church, is a thun- 
derbolt,a deviceevidently borrowed from 
the Romans (vide Gough, Introd. to Se- 
pnl.Monumeuu in Great Briuin,vol. I^ 
plate 3). The devices inscribed on the 
other stones are probably incipient he- 
raldic ordinaries, which, with the va- 
rious crosses found on the grave-stones 
of ecclesiastics, (the Whaplode siieci* 
mens appertaining, I consider, to lay- 
men) were matured into a science by 
the heralds, at a subsequent period. 


Hexhamensis (page I? of vour pre- 
sent Volume.) asks, *' could not (a 
brief) be adopted at present to restore 
what the parish is unable to do ?** viz. 
the ancient priory church at Hexham. 
— It is to be regretted that the old and 
approved mode of raising money for 
such laudable pur|>oses has been done 
away with by one of those sweeping 
acts of legislation for which the present 
ase is likely to be remarkable : in lieu 
of a brief for each individual church, 
collections are now to be made by what 
is called a " King's Letter," and the 
amounts are directed by the stat.^ Geo. 
4, cap. 48, sec. 10, to be paid to the 
treasurer of the *' Society for enlarging, 
buildine, and repairing churches and 
chapels,*' to be applied towards carrying 
the designs of the Society into efiecL— 
However laudable the exertions of the 
Society may be — and it is certainly de- 
serving of great encouragement — it is 
much to be regretted that the old sys- 
tem has been done away with. If a brief 
had been bon^ 6de issued for the repair 
of a church which had become a sub- 
ject of interest, many would have con- 

* The Cbarcb at Dunwick, in Suffolk, is 
of g'lmihr c^ottruction. See Arcbieologia, 

tributed liberally towards'the individual 
case. As the roval letters are like an- 
gel's visits, the Society is likely to have 
enough upon its hands in the manage- 
ment of its funds, which, from the na- 
ture of the case, most be far from ade- 
quate to the purpose of it, and as the 
object of the Society is rather to gain 
accomnaodation than the preservation 
of a piece of antiquity, I fear Hexham 
church will derive but little assistance 
from the new mode of making the col- 
lections. If the destruction oT old sys- 
tems, good in the main but abused in 
the management, so fashionable in the 
present day, be not timely stopped, some 
of our fairest institutions of antiquity 
will tremble for the consequences. 


The gentleman, who presented the 
chairs made out of the materials of an 
ancient screen to Poriishead Church, 
(see page 32,) displayed in the do- 
nation more inunincence than good 
taste. Are the chairs any better for 
their materials having once formed an 
ancient screen ? It reminds me of the 
construction of a bridge by the vain 
Duke of Chandos, out of the remains of 
a Roman pharos, and his inscribins the 
circumstance on the structure. If the 
sarcophasus of Alexander had fallen 
into the hands of any Vandal, who had 
exclaimed ^' the pavement of my fine 
court is formed out of Alexander s cof- 
fin,** his barbarity would have received 
enough of censure. If the gentleman 
had expended his money in restoring 
the screen eiiher to its original use, or 
to some appropriate situation in the 
church, he would truly have deserved 
applause ; hnt as it is, I cannot help 
regretting the misappropriation. 


Your reviewer (p. 35) speaks of the an" 
cient hall at Winchester Castle as being 
divided by pillars and arches, and Mr. 
Buckler asserts the same in liis cicvet 
essay on Eliham Palace. That the 
building now used as a hall is so di- 
vided, is certain ; but I much question 
whether the present is the original des- 
tination of the structure. It has every 
appearance of a chapel ; a supposition 
which is confirmed by its being situ- 
ated according to the ecclesiastical ar- 
ransement : and, until some evidence 
is adduced to shew that it has always 
been used as a hall, I should rather be 
inclined to consider that the present 
building U the chapel of the Castle. 


1830.] Sir Kenelia Digby'$ Memoir). — His Spanish Amour. «05 

but who [wrhaps surpassed Sir Kcnelm 
t[i ecceniricity, and iidoubtlnj chicB* 
indebted lo t>>c whim<icaliiies of hit 
conduct for his share of immorlslitjr. — 
Thii wa» Sir Tobir Maihewi, son of 
the Archbishop of York of the same 
name, but himsctra papist and a jesait, 
and long a resident in Madrid. Tht 
letter occurs in a collection which bean 
the name of this personage, and which 
was printed in iGoO, under ihesuperin- 

Mctnoirsof Sir Kenclm Digby," that 
1 have little hesitation in intruding 
upon yao with another docnment, be- 
came I Bauer mjsetf that it will not 
be considered as otherwise than " ger- 
mane to the malter." It will befoand 
to ihtoHT fuithtr li:;ht on the romantic 
amour of Theagenes with that paragon 
of the Spanish court, that " greatest, 
richest, and nohlest lad; in Egjpt," 
the fascinating Mauricana, whose real 
name — Donna Anna Maria Manrinue, 
it was the object of my last (Noo.Mag. 

IK 3gi>) 10 disclose ; and it will furnish, 
conceive, a further proof, in addition 
10 the many other prlsofSirKenelni's 
naintive which nave been brought 
to Ihe test of history, thai, however 
freely the imaginative writer may have 
indulged iti the flowers of emhcllish- 
menl, still the outline of his facts 
ihiooghnut ia that which it was the ac- 
tual experience of his wayward fortune 
loencouitter. The passage froniHowel's 
Letters, which I before adduced, has 
proved that Mauricaua was a real in- 
ditidual, andlhit her 

tique i my p 

a letter 

be no doubt, alluded to the tame lady, 
ahhongh the name ii suppressed. 

Whilst, however, the actual founda- 
tion of these " Private Memoirs" is 
E roved by iheie real-life episllet, ioalso 
J [he Utter may the poetical flights of 
the former be estimated ; since Iihink 
it will be allowed of both the following 
letter and that of Howel, that, though 
they show Donna Anna Maria to have 
honoured iheEnglish gallant with a cer- 
tain degree of her regard, they are far 
from justifying the sti|>|>otiiioM that her 
heart was so aculcly wounded as The- 
ftenea has had the vanity to slate. Un- 
kH, indeed, her sending bit him, and 
employing (as he describes} luch ear- 

quenily lo his writing ibc following 
epistle, it would even appear that he 
departed from Madrid without enjoy- 
ing the privilege of taking a personal 
adica, and was obliged lo leave his fare- 
well compliiiienisiol* mode by deputy. 
The fticnd on whom this task was 
tiii|>a«cd, WM another chevalier, who, 
ttinueh not equally talented, yet jws- 
KMCil considerable abilities as a writer ; 

tendenceofihe celebrated Dr. Donnei 

" S. K.D. to S. T.M. 

" A Lrlltr of a Cavalier lo a fiiead, faf 

tht doingiff an humhlt office to a great Lady 1 

" Sir, if I dont premniB la Mud ID* 

ibaulu to iDj lodf A.B.« for her bvouri to 

me hen, I ihinild not Cionble fou with thit 

■ ofliKonodilion, 


f blui 

■he puiei, mikes it uamaDneifw 
lur lucD u I am, tp uJuonledgc themielve* 
immedittclyla benelf. I beieech you thera* 
fgre. Sir, let hffr ladiship receive frotn jrour 
tongue the fulleit eipieuioiu it can nuks af 
H deep lenie in me of the very great obliga- 
tionl ind hnaoDri ihe nu pleued to heap 
upon Die, whilit 1 had the happineue to wait 

■Lblfl that hei ladUhip ihoiild Hide greater 
upon an; man \ tot luch are lo be maasoraJ 
hy tbe claini nbich one might Dialutothenu 
And I am aura that, in my liehalf, thaie via 
nocbiag to tempt her lo chli nsrciia of h« 
goodneue but inv absolute wut of all litU 
ID it. Whereby it became meerl; an act of 
Iter own jieneroiilia williDut anj other motiM 
to ihare iu it. I ever honoured and eiteemol 
ihii noble creature beyaod eiprauioa ; but 

muilgo • step further, and become apcrfee* 
devotion in me, to do her all the Htviee is 
my power ; for such •weeiaeiM and cifilitia 
ai ilie it misIreiH gf, mingled with all other 
eicellenciei, I never yet toet with io any. 

" I make bold to chuie yuur emiieyaace, 
rather than any olher'i, to deliter my eeni« 
le hex ladiihip, becauie I am aura it will gain 

me ai yoD will, I know, pudoo my impoitun- 
ing ,ou in an occuion wherein 1 ani so* 
earneit. And I am alao conAdent enough 
that it will Dot diepleaie ygo to carne iu ■ 
priie to a lad]' tu whom ynn are au much ■ 
■ervant, and particularly lince it ii a heart 
which had Lidden a long farewell to the of- 
feliog of all devollooa at ladiea' altarn. 1 
ki»« your hand, and reat your, &c" 

Theliltlevoluine from which (p.2JS) 

• Tho naaie being wliolt)- iuppie»Bd, tha 
Erit inilialanrihaarpliabatareiDumd; a^ 


Sir TobU MaUmms not a *^ ptdnterr 


ihifl has been extracted, U entitled " A 
Collection of Letters niade by S' Tobie 
Mathews, K^ With a chaiacter of the 
most excellent Lady Lucy Couoteise 
of Carlile, by the same author. To 
ivhich are added, many Letters of his 
own to several persons of honour, who 
were contemporaries to him." l660. 
ISroo.— A large portion of these letters 
are comprised in other ** Collections,*' 
pf rticidarly many of Bacon, which ap- 
pear in the Cabala, Bacon's Works, 
&c. Of the « Character" of the blue- 
stocking Countess of Carlisle, parts 
lire quoted in Walpole*s Anecdotes of 
Fainting, and Lodge's Portraits, with 
she remark that its rhapsodical adula* 
lion might be understood as ironical 
satire }— -though luch probablv was not 
the intention of the writer, whose sim- 
ple extravagance was a subject of gene- 
ral ridicule. It was a similar character 
of the Infanta Maria of Spain, written 
by Sir Tobie when at Madrid in l623, 
inat, from its having been styled " a 
picture," obtained the admission of his 
name into the former of the works 
aeotioned j and, although (as remarked 

a the recent editor, Mr. Dallaway) 
aface Walpole " first suspected, and 
«(Wrwards proved, that Sir Tobie Ma- 
thews had not the slightest pretension 
to be included in these Memoirs*,'* yet 
he seems to have been considered too 
amusitig a personaee to be dismissed 
from the second edition, and this elo- 
quent illuminator of the splendours of 
the female character was retained, 
principally to exhibit his own bulToon- 
ery, but ostensibly '* to throw as many 
lights as possible on the manners of the 
age." It may be added, that Walpole 
has misled several other writers, parti- 
«tilarly Granger, who has classed Sir 
Tobie with Rubens, Vandyke, &c., 
among the painters of Charles's reign, 
and not only states that '* he did a 
portrait of the Infanta," but also that 
" he attempted, at least, to paint the 
Countess of Carlisle ;" nor in the last 
very imperfect edition of the " Bio- 
graphical History" is it noted that both 
attempts were merely descriptive. 

* It it tomewhat incontistent, howeTer, 
with this axDUQation, that in this lut edi- 
tion the article of Tobie Mathews is one of 
those selected for the introdoction of a 
wood-cut portrait, and he is tlius made to 
rank not merely with the artists who form 
tin iiih|eeti of the work, but eren with 
ibota who wear a mark of peculiar dlstioctioa. 

Whilst turning over, a short time 
ago,, a volume of the Harleian MSS. 
(No. I676) I accidentally met with a 
copy of Sir Tobie's " picture," and, as 
I believe it has never been engraved, I 
will now request you to undertake that 
task, as I doubt not the daubing (such 
as it is) will be represented with suffi- 
cient accuracy by that unusual species 
of Miipple, the types of your letter-press 

In the first place, however, I must 
quote the royal correspondence which 
became the undesignea cause of enrol- 
ling Sir Tobie Mathews in a catalogue 
of painters. His pictorial fame, then, 
originated in a postscript added by Prince 
Charles in his own nand to a letter 
which the Duke of Buckingham had 
written to the king, in the joint name 
of the Prince and himself, at Madrid, 
June 86, 1623. It is as follows : — . 

*' Sir, In the medest of our serius busines 
tiUMprUtie Tobie Maihew comes to intreafe 
us to deliver this letter to your M. which ia. 
Off he eaU it, a pictur of the Infknta*s,drawen 
in bUke & wbjte. We pray you let none lafe 
[laugh] At itbut YOur selfe and honnest Kate 
[the Duchess of Buckingham]. He thinkes 
he hath hitt the naille of the head, but you 
will fynd it [the] fooliihest thing that erek 
you saw*." 

In a letter written to her lord on the 
16th of July we find " honnest Kale** 
thus alluding to the production : — 

*' I hare sane his Ma^* latly* but hath not 
seen the pick tor toby mathus ded, but I hope 
the next tim I shalL I do immmn what a 
rare pesce [piece] it tis being of hu domg." 

The Duchess then goes on to men- 
tion a real painting (which may have 
contributed to mislead Vertue and 
Walpole) : 

*' Sence the Prinoe keeps that aerbers 
[Gerbierj has done for the lofiuata, I hope 
nobody shall have the next he dos from me, 
for I do much desier to see a goodpicktur of 
hers, for I here her infinitely com ended. — 
She had need, prove a sood on [one] that the 
Prince may think his Jomey and delays well 
bestode for her ; for I swere he desarves her, 
be she never so hanssom or good, to under- 
take such a jorney for her ; and she had 
need make us pore wift some a mens [amends] 
for bebg the cause of keeping our husbands 
firom US. But I thinke it tis not her fkulte, 
for I warant she wood &ne have it dia- 
paeht to." 

There certainly seems reason to sup- 
pose that the marriage was not disliked 

*From the original in the Harl. MSS. 6987- 

1930.] Sir Tebie Matliewi' Characltr of Ibe Infaala. SO7 

tn the Infants, frnm whose " pick- nid.!™ thing., nor i. friehwd by (hB»hr 

tor" ! now will not imitt .kloiii ih* ■""! lifihtniog or lU Uke, th., <iU«r.( ha« 

1 i' ■•" *• luC ireoi M AfMniDM, tnheta j* 

" h^nm-. P'™f' "■ ""'', 0""T«"". '■i' fc, ,. KiDp iBio --'■ lheB«.l«. did »t« 

S- ral.). M.lil«. ,".m.nTOth«Udj«,»iid»'-J'fo!B*«0* 

" JVadnd, Junt 98, I6f3. bouglii All iaUi * taJdan £n; & i>»p jI* 

■•TlittiirkiiU Domi Mir™ willLm 17 ciopsny «ii mucU ftiKliWd w-* y' iBunimnt 

TfUi of IM jr" n«t Augnit. Shre tecaa itaen ihtreof, ji -mat Ajiing from thcnCK 

bol low of lUtura, for ihee nielh no hal]» .[ ^|| ,p,,d, .■ iDfintadld but »U v* Cond* 

•t kill }' ooiMii of (hu cauntr; ue not n- d, Qlivirei, & »illed liim In ilehnd ticcFroa 

Dcnllf ull, but the Infuiu a mucli of tjia ^ |,„„ ^f j. jieapii, IktoahFeweiilaf wit^ 

•WDB Uctun »''' riiew Indjfli h«ie. "■■ li'e li„ uiu«ll piee, & ■"oul hiing in my disoT» 

iD )• Court of S)i>}D, & iro of v' iudg ]'e4ri j^^ „ .||^ t-mta muob u b]t }• Iful obaiiga 

•••• her. ShM u ftyr in »U p fection s her of he, oolour. 

faTouf* iarin' good and fi^c, hTfrom bk*- ii Manj ilrtiiei kreujdio livB in ••hiut 

IBf IdT one ill feature in it. Het «""»■ ^ (|,i, J^j, . |,ui yi »rt ^igna and la >ni» 

oancelDwcel in ■□ eiitraD«rtnai7 DHnei,& „',gQ ;„ lier, it a ntatutioa **^ ibm hatb 

■lion W to bee bolli kingljr bora, bw*" all „^i^Dcd iavlDlablafiram her •«} intanoj^ 

)< ihee placdb no srcat felicity U that : for q^,^^ „ ,p^ jn ^f „^ creature, & oat 

(here leenii to ihine from ber imill through g^]^ ,0^ |,„j ^^ ,|,o„ . p|,i„ j{,|ji, gf i\^^^ 

ker bodj aa preai imetoeKe tt cDOdaena u „],o ,.,„t m of otbera, HjiDE lometlmsii . 

OMbedrairedinacreature. Herclo.eruff ■ P'bapi it it not to,' or eUe. ' A body c«a 

and *aft Ate laid bj them who Lao* it baal believe nothing but wfci they »ei,' or eli, ' Ik 

to bee greatly to her dliadrantoge : for y' ■„ gggj ^n hear both lidei,' and the lika.^ 

bntb her head it rartiy »et 00 her necli, & lO jbe world in Spayn doth al! conipire to Im. 

■re her KcelleDt bindi to har arms 1 and qo„,^ |o„, ,„() sdmlra lliii Lady ; but Tf 

tluy any that before ihe i> dieued ihes ii [{[gg [», Brother doth make mora ptoab 

Incomparably battery" altervard. thereof y° they all; for there it no one etes^i 

" Hut y'llrtoeof her mind i> held to tX' iog wherein begoeth nottoaourl her inlM^ 

ettA f beauty of her p'loti »ery fu- In her lodging. He will lit by her tomtimet wbil* 

Rtirion ihe <■ very pioui and devout ; ibe ,],;, \, making henelf ready, & hee ia oftra - 

dayly ap»DdBth * or .1 houres in prayer; ahe giving her proienti, & would have her co'r 

eoo&aattli & eomiinicateth twice a week, m,ndhim togiveheriDorc.bul aiforj' thm* 

namely, upon WcJamday and Saturday; aha |, gg remedy - for ahec would never bee ig- 

carryetb a most p'licular It tenrirr davntion i„,ied to aak any thing for her lelf, & w^ 

caDCeptiuD of our B.Udy. Sbee doth oaually ,hat p'ticulu Avour ofy' King fur them, I» 

make aom* little thing •" her own hand) j, , (range to tee bow respective 8t ditcrMl 

day by day, w«- may bea for y° uie of lick .i,^^, ;,_ ^^i indeed huw carcfull not tuntL-ddif 

or wounded p'lon. in y hoaplulli, & many ]„ ,ny buuinesi i i forasmuch ai concern! 

timea it i> but drawing Ijnt out of linoen w=l' p'.oBalauilea, uoleit v' thing dd-H 1- .».. 

inayMrTe fotwoimda. All y' W" y' King "^ ■ -..--■'-.--"- 

her Brothef giwth her for play or loja, ac- 

earding to her fancy, w* come* (o t —•• '- 

■ 00<' a mnoih, ahee iiLployi wholy 

poor. Shee ii generally of few woro., uu. 

yet of a««et k eaay cooverialioo ■•» ihe u 

piinle •'" )* Ladyes. 

" Her miade, ihcy lay, ii more asuk* y' p ,wMeo hi ei'o "■bi u,.gu>k. . 

tittj y'know bi>rBol well would tailly be- •< She bath been often hordtipoDMven^ 

lia*«< TTi*/ "'"' '""'' *H>iJi«ii t"' n""' "" ocoajions to apeak with great lena & teodaiu 
BM y< *hMiaveryMnaibleufanyiE>lluii- „„ of y' Kiogour aovtraioe, &ho>r daap*^ 
kindneu, hut y> this cottcih ou body any- .he holdecb her lelf obliged to liim fur 
tluogbiit herl«lfeifo(ah«maliejoonoyie, „e„ bono' and favour W" ahee underitaw 
ufOMnlKtea not, but only pr*iv«. Of bir f,;, Ma"iobaiijdon her, & Tory' tender** 
»'«aa> beaoly, tu draiaing ahee ia caraleaa, Ve vouchiafeatribave of her ; & Ihuep'i 
fclJaa "r^'ihey bring boi K'^ratmoreadnc cnlar raaanna W* mikc mee tbinck )■ Ikm 
Sl««i. thought to be of great connge for* j, ,. in.lug r«vet™« W ahe willWr t^ 
•omui, Md to deiplw danger ! for, beaidci a„,j, him, and v' ben ty obedience *"• ahw 
]• ahaa never aiarie as luany women do at ,j| p'forni to hia Ma", will give him aneO 

''°e toy, ihe will p'feu not to name it, 'till (W 

"^ may Gude by some mcani or ctliet how * 

"• king bet brother ataoda affircted to y' p'l«^' 

T' more or leii i ' for,' saith ahee, ' I kno» 

• Tli« mudeio languac'i^e'^"" 
.fen ofber coUDlenanoe- Shakipoare writ.* 
-mHeaanre fu. Mca.ur- (iv. Si. " Surely. 
Sir. • rond firxo' ?,<;" ^•'•"' "" '!"' ?"" 
tarn ■ BMEing '»i / " 

111 give hi 
.nipeakibic comfort ai p'hapiTica di 
DDk for In tbi 

Ib'u caura=. k 
tbineli b»^ 

thiough 3^^ 

•onMioa • 
hj *n iiMl 
totbe Prf 
drid, Jan 
hit f 

ramiJT :— 7 

"■ni. « 

a-Aiot. Sb 
• tltmiUi 
lipp'd, whi 


Toledo, » 

Bcithar at 
but i. u i, 
Wd what ( 
King he b 

*>>• people 


Percy Monuments at Beverley, co. York, 



WITH the accompanying plate of a 
singular monument at Beverley 
we hare been favoured hyMr.Scaum,the 
publisher of the handsome work on the 
History of that town, which is noticed 
in our present month's review. The 
plate is a very favourable specimen of 
the advance made by the art of litho- 
.graphy towards rivaning the delicacy 
ana finish of line engraving ; it is from 
the press of Mr. R. Martin, and is highly 
creditable to his abilities. 

The finest monuments in Beverley 
Minster are three belonging to the il- 
lustrious family of the Percys. The 
most perfect of them, on account of its 
magnificent and hi{>hly enriched cano- 
py, is usually called ihe Percy Shrine, 
and was probably erected to the me« 
mory of Idoneade Clifford, wife of the 
second Lord Percy of Alnwick, and 
grandmother of the first Earl of North- 
umberland. She died in 1365. A 
mutilated altar-tomb is that of Henry 
the fourth Earl, who was slain in an 
insurrection at Thirsk in 1489- The 
third is that represented in the accom- 
panying plate. 

These monuments appear to have 
been particularly unfortunate in suffer- 
ing by removal from one part of the 
chapel to another, an operation which 
is seldom effected without mutilation 
or misapplication of parts. We are in- 
formed by Mr. Gough, in his Sepul- 
chral Monuments, (where four tolio 
plates are dedicated to the '* Shrine*' 
and its carvings, and one to each of the 
other monuments,) that that of the 
fourth Earl " stood at first against the 
south wall, and had a rich stone ca- 
nopy 0%'er it ; but, the wall being con- 
siderably out of its perpendicular, the 
canopy was broken down, and the 
tomb removed into the middle of the 
chapel. Fragments of the canopy lie 
by It.** The Beverley historian says 
tnat the tomb represented in the an- 
nexed plate " has been removed per- 
haps more than once." It will be per- 
ceived that the effigy is notof suiRcieot 

lensth to cover the cavity of the tomb ; 
and, although it does not seem to have 
so struck either Mr. Gough or the au- 
thor of ** Beverlac,*' we have little hesi- 
tation in thinking that the efiigy and 
tomb were not originally one monu- 
ment. This supposition is, we think, 
supported by the description which Le- 
land has left of these monuments in his 
Itinerary. He describes them as 

" three tumbes most notable on the north 
side of the quier. 

'< Yd one of them, with a chtpel archid 
over it, xa buried Percy £rl of Northumber- 
land, and his sun, father to tlie last Erie. 

'* Yn another is buried Eleanor, wife to 
one of the Lord Percys. 

** And yn another of white alabaster Ido- 
nca Lady Percy, wife to one of the Lord 

<* Under Eleanor's tumbe is burled one of 
the Percys, a preste." 

It will be perceived that Leland dis- 
tinctly describes the ** three tumbes," 
besides that memorial (not speciBed, 
but doubtless this effigy), by which he 
was informed that a priest was buried 
** under Eleanor's tumbe." To our 
apprehension, therefore, it appears evi- 
dent that the priest's effigy was then 
placed on the floor, and that by the ex* 
prcssion ** under," the venerable father 
of antiquarian tourists means on that 
pari of the floor contiguous to, or as it 
might now be expressed, — below, that 

The first tomb mentioned by Leland 
is indisputably that of the fourth Earl. 

The second we conceive to be the 
altar-tomb represented in our plate, but 
then surmounted by either on effigy of 
Eleanor Lady Percy, or by a slab and 
brass, probably the latter, which may 
more readily have incurred its entire 
destruction or concealment. 

The third we consider to be that 
now called the Percy Shrine; and 
which, though the author of *' Bever- 
lac,'* has admitted such various claims 
for its appropriation, is attributed to 
the same Idonea as Leland names, by 
the high authority of Mr. Gough.*— 

* The grand mistake of Bishop Percy in bringing it down more than a century to the 
hdy of the fourth Earl, aud which was corrected by Mr. Oough (though with delicacy, in 
deference to the Dishop, who was then alive,) had better been passed unnoticed by Mr. 
Poulann, particularly as he found the opinion of Mr. Gough, as to the age of the monu- 
ment, 8up]K)rted by those of Mr, Rickraan and other architectural critics. The Bishop was 
led to ascribe the monument to the Countess Maud, in comoquence of a MS. meraoran- 
dnm in the copy of Dup^dale's Baronage in Worcester cathcdrul library, which records the 
opening in'l«71 of ** the grave wJierein the body, of Maud Countess of Northumberland 

Gent. Mao. Afarch, m30. 


Percy Monuments at Beverley, 


We are aware that Mr. Poalson may 
probably object that it is not made of 
alabaster; as he says in p. 6g5, ** there 
is evidently no alabaster monument, 
nor any traces of one left." This very 
circumstance, however,— that there are 
no traces of alabaster left,-— contributes 
to prove that Ldand mistook the free- 
stone of the ** shrine," for alabaster, 
which he might easily have done from 
the delicacy of the sculpture, and per- 
haps from the substance being concealed 
by colours. 

In this manner we distribute Leland's 
description ; and, although in conse- 
qaence.of the movement of at least two 
of the monuments (the first named and 
the priest's effisy), it is undoubtedly (as 
remarked by Mr. Poulson) " much at 
variance with the Beverley monuments 
as they now stand,*' yet, we think it 
will not thus beany longer "difficult to 
reconcile his (Leland's) statement with 
their present appearance." 

As it is not necessary, on this occa- 
sion, to describe more particularly the 
Percy ** shrine,** we will now refer our 
readers to the History of Beverley, ox 
the more fortunate of our readers who 
« have access to the Sepulchral Monu- 
ments, to that work, in order that it 
may receive a further portion of that at- 
tention, of which, as a beautiful speci- 
men of ancient art, at the most florid 
period of pointed architecture, it is so 
fully deserving. We will only notice, 
for the information of those who may 

remember the monument in times past^ 
that during the recent repairs of the 
Minster, when the choir was fitted up 
for divine service instead of the nave, 
the tomb under the " shrine** was 

** when the contents exhibited a stone 
coffin joined with mortar, 6 feet 6 inches 
lone, 1 foot 6 inches wide, and only 16 
inches deep ; the body wu closely enveloped 
in lead, so much so u to leave the impreitioo 
of the body in it, and enclosed in a wood 
coffin [which appeared to have been plun- 
dered of the ornaments which decorated it.*] 
—Dr. Hull, who was present, supposes thas 
the arms, legs, and bones, firom their magni- 
tode, did not belone to a person above the 
age of 19 or 14. [It is shrewdly suspected 
that the account in Gough had tempted the 
cupidity of the plunderers.f'] It seems that 
this altar-tomh had been a subsequent intro- 
duction under the canopy, as the mouldings 
had been cut away for its admission, from 
which it may be inferred that the original in- 
terment was below the floor of the church." 

We will now proceed to our main 
business, to describe the subjects repre- 
sented in the plate. 

First, with regard to the tomb, its 
architecture agrees with the style of the 
commencement of Edward the Third's 
reign, which was the period at which 
Eleanor Lady Percy died. She was a 
daughter of John the second Fitz-Alan 
EarTof Arundel, and wife of Henry the 
first Lord Percyof Alnwick, who died 
in 1315, and was buried in the Abbey 
of Fountains. It is probable that the 

was interred at Beverley minster, near unto the before-specified monument** of her hus- 
band } but this memorandum, it will be perceived, mentions no monument of the (^unless, 
butt on the contrary, describes the ulace where her stone coffin was found as a ** grave.*'-— 
It appears that Catliarino widow of the fifth Earl, by will in 1 .S48, left her body to be buried 
at Beverley. It is possible that the remains found in Dugdale's time may have belonged to 
this G)untess.— We are sorry to see that Mr. Dallaway, in his account of the Percy mmily, 
(under Fetworth, in the History of Sussex,) has copied the misappropriation of the monument 
to Maud, notwithstanding he refers to Gough*s Sepulchral Monumenu. He adds in a note, 
*< For the preservation of this monument a small stipend is still paid ;** — we hope it will 
continue to be so. 

* f We have marked these passages, because they refer to the account mentioned in the 
preceding note, of the investigation made in 1G71» at which time a corpse was found with 
several rich ornaments, and which Mr. Poulson has hastily considered to be the same as 
that described in the text. To shew the impossibility of their identity, we will now quote 
the deacriptton of what were considered the remains of the Countess Maud : '* Her corpse 
was found in a stone coffin, embalmed and wrapped in cloth of gold, with slippers embroi- 
dered with silver and gold, a wax lamp, and a plate candlestick with a candle. According 
to Mr. Poulson 's account, the recent resurrectionists appear to have expected that the 
resurrectionists of* 1671 were so considerate as ta leave all these in statu auo ; and that, if 
the curiosities were gone, it must have been by plunderers since Mr. Gough's advertbement 
of the hidden treasures ! But it appears so obvious that a body « closely enveloped in lead" 
could not be the same as had been seen 150 years before, not inclosed In lead, but merely 
** embalmed and wrapt in cloth of gold, with slippers,*' that we wonder how the sapposition 
that the two corpses were the same could be entertained for a moment. — We cannot, more- 
over, pass nnnoticed the carelessness with which, in the extract,^ embrpidered" is misprinted 
for ''embalmed/' and " Baronetage" for «• Baronage.' 



manor-house of L«ckonfield nra 
»erlcy was aiai^ned to her as iht 
ilt-nce or hrr widowhood, and ihai she 
wai ihu) iiiduciMl lo besiow ilie honour 
and profit of her Jnlermenl on ih« 
m-ighbduring Miniler, insiud of re- 
^ing bj Ihe side or her husbjiiid at 

Ptny MonumenU at Beverley. 
Be- verley 


39 ihe fsTouritc rrsidencc of 

id Earl i lince we find by « 

curious list or his progeny, made by bife 

charilajn, Koberl Cavell, thai, of hi>. 

twelve childrcUi aix at least were borii- 

ai that manort— The mother of ihit 

numerous family wa* Lady Eleanor 

The indeniure recording Ncvill, daughter of Ralph Earl of 

li*r obit at Beverley i> now first printed Wcsioioreland, by hii second wifi^ 

in p. ^3 of Mr. Pouli 
froui Doilsworih's manuscripts a I On 
Told j and, at the |>eriud of Leiaud' 
tjsit, the monumcni probably cilhcrrt 
luinrd iliinscripiiun.or was well knowi 
by tradition. The indenture is dated for hi 
in 1336; butiiuppeati that Lady Elcn- 
iinr had deceased in I3SB, when the 
Earl wai appointed consiable of Scar- 
borough CBsilc, on the death of hi 

O King Hi 


I her, 1 

in Bcaoforl.halfs 
IheFoutlh. IiwasK 
Ihe heir of ihe Percys was indebted, 
ihroueh ihe mediaiion of the Counieu 
Henry Ihe Fifth, 
'ilh the house of 
Lancatler, and consequent recall rroin 
banishmeni in Scolland, and restora- 
tion lo bis EUHdom and esiaies, wliidi 

Jiose custody it had Iteen Hotspur; and, lojndgerroin ihniexcet< 

! prtcerlingyt 
In the plate in Gough '- - 
ihe tpsi end u( the inonnmenl, giving 
ihniiigh the hole a |ieep of the slone 
coffin inside. 

We will now speak of the statue.— 
Mr. Gough corrccily allributrd 

I, the number of ihe off. 

iki'tch of spring, the marriage was a hippy one. 

George Percv, whose effigy ii before 

us. was (be eiglitb child and sixth son, 

■nd was born at Leckonficid on S|, 

Sampson's day (July 28), 1444. " Hb 

p J was/' adds the Biibop of Drotnore, " t 

George, B sun of tlie second Eail of clergyman; yet he docs not appear erec 

ihat he was a Prebendary of Beterlcy | 
hut we have now a posilive confinna- 
lioa, in ibe parly's own direction lo be 
buried at Beverley, of which we are in- 
formed by thecaijloaue of" lesianien- 
lary burials,'' formedby ihe antiquary 
Torre from the wills in the ptcrogatii e 
office at York. 

have aliained lo any other ptefcr- 
menl but a prebend in the collcgialB 
church of Beverley." By Toire's oiO' 
morandum from his will, we are now, 
however, informed of olher prefer- 
ments. In that document, which !• 
dated Nov. 14, 1474, lie styles hi.nieir 
" George Percy, uncle to Lord Heniy 
Percy, Earl of Northumberland, Itectoc 

Jt apport that Leckonfield near Be- of the churches of Itothbury and Kald»> 


: I Ed>. lU. m. 19. 
t Lcckunfield nnw icmiii 
TDDi (be Crn-a i 

• B«i. Flo. a Edw. 111. 

t NutattsllgeofiheiDBi 
tlul, iIioueIi ■( wu fuitilia 
eliieflylHiirCDrwDiH:. " Lei 
emt mote, jn oae very >pi[i 

u made of bnks, i> si ofcjnibrt. The 4 pacw is fair, made ul 
«■■ ID » litis itudljng chsuniber iher, csullid Paradier, tlie GeDHlngie of ill* I'erni. Tlw 
Park tlierliy is verj hlr in^l [argc, ind meauily walls xxlJid. Tlirr >■ a Ur tout uf brlka, 
hr a Inges ja the Pirk."--Il ii aortliy □( nmirk, that In the Earl nf NorlhDmbcrisod'l 
oaallt ofWreMl, Lalind alto met with a imall libni* bmia; the tane enthuiiutic oiinia 
aa ihlial Leckualield. Such oDticei uf a regard fbrlitenlure in the Amiliei uf uuriDcieot 
■oUlily are ■Iviys ioMiealing, aod WB are tempted Id add berr tlie paiuge pconed by La- 
iMdm ibis Koond occasion, io [llawsrDi(b of bis bibliominiKil idoiintiun. "Oae tbins," 
be aayi, " I lik'ul excedinglj yn an« uf die tnweri, tbai wa* a tludy cioMiil Panuliia, whcf ' 
■aaa ctoial in llie midle, of aiqgue* latliid abuuie, and at the tnjipe ufevery tquirs wast' 
iatk \ndgii,lo irl baokat oa; and cuten *'niijn ibemi and tlieis uniid u yoiuid hard M' 
l)i« lopjw of the I'Iruat, and jit, by iiutiiag, vne or at wold cum downe, brate bigh, in ra-- 
bntn, ««d>Brvefar>lcikai tolayliakeaDn." A> a further evideace of* IlleruvUsI 
be ootletd that, ai -ell ia ihe hu<ue uf LeckoufieU, in the New Ludga ia the Park, 
Wresel, *ere inicilbed rouail the apartmeati a luge aiiemblaea of vrnified proieroi 
ollxr moral p'lelrj, *■ chiefly collecled," we are luld, •■ by the fifth Earl," and cupii 
>hicl>, from llie Bn^al MSS. in the Briliih Muaeimi, ara prlnled in Ihe Antiquarian Itt 
Sniy. It it 10 lie feared that they prodBcect little (ffvct in llu mind utWnn') ^uc'^E.^ 
■hok>Js*dslLeckuiilicUJa JiiipugreisloHullia 1M1. 

but wa learn frnm Lelsotf 

a Edw, 11. (isoB), itwH 

lUH, and iloDdilb wilbjii • 
sating tlie mease gale tltat 



Bat-Reliefi in the Church at Beverley. 


beck." Tlie former benefice is in 
Nortbumbcrland, and in the patronage 
of the see of York ; and our clerk was 
probably presented to it by his first 
cousin George Nevill, brother to the 
king-making Earl of Warwick, and 
Archbishop of York from 1466 to 
1476. The latter, now written Cald- 
beck, is in Cumberland, and in the pa- 
tronage of the see of Carlisle; and t(ie 
Beverley Prebendary probably obtained 
his presentation to it from his younger 
brotber William Percy, who, it may 
be presumed, was a man of superior 
abilities to George, as he was appointed 
Bishop of Carlisle in 1458 ; he was 
also Chancellor of the University of 
Cambridge from 1461 to 1466, and 
died in 1468. 

The efiigy. of this highly connected 
priest is much covered with armorial 
shields, a circumstance very unusual in 
figures of ecclesiastics. 

On his maniple are: 1. Three lions 
passant, under a label of three points. 
. —2. Checquy, ClifforcL^S, A bend 
engrailed between two crescents. — 4. 
A manche. — 6. Three legs of Man. — 
6. A fess. 

On the bottom of his robe are the 
following coau : Checquy, C7i)forrf.— 
A fess between two or three lioncels 
rampant, impaling three lions passant 
guardant. — A lion rampant, a cnief. 

On the he^i of his robe : A fess be- 
tween two chevrons. — ^Three — A 

chevron between beasts' heads.-— Three 
stags* or bulls' heads.— A fess between 
three boars' heads. 

On the bottom of his hood, among 
other coats, are distinguished, three 
lions pssant guardant, and a fess be- 
tween two roundels.* J. G. N. 

Mr. Urban, Grimshy, Feb, 4. 

THERE is an anomaly in the fine 
Church at Beverley, which would 
appear surprising to the improved taste 
and feeling of the present age, were we 
not in possession of certain historical 
facts, which, while they serve to ac- 
count for what would be otherwise in- 
explicable, induce a doubt of the sanity 
of a religion that could abet such aber- 
rations from solemnity and decorum, as 
were exhibited in those absurd farces, 
the Abbot of Misrule, the Boy Bishop, 

* We thbk theae arms could be more cor- 
rectly HMde out by a fresh examination with 

the Morisco, the Theatrical Miracles, 
the Feast of Fools, and other mumme- 
ries, whose sanction was derogatory to 
the practice of that sober and decorous 
worship which the creature ought to 
pay to the Creator. I allude to the bas- 
reliefs on the subsellia or moveable 
seats in the choir. When I first beheld 
these uncouth figures,! was struck with 
wonder at the grotesque and even inde- 
cent postures in which many of them 
are pourtrayed, and felt somewhat at a 
loss to account for their introduction 
into a sacred structure dedicated to the 
service of the Most High. The history 
of the times in which they were sculp- 
tured, however, furnished me with a 
clue towards their elucidation, and 
subsequent reflection has suggested the 
following arrangement :— 

1. They are probably either memo- 
rials of individuals who were chieflj 
concerned in beautifying the choir witn 
the richly tabernacled stalls which atill 
add a splendour to this portion of the 
edifice; or, 

2. They bear a reference to local 
customs and usages ; or 

3. To ancient legends of the saints; or, 

4. They refer, in symbol or carica- 
ture, to the persons or propensities of 

The former of these classes embraces 
but few of the designs. On one of the 
stalls is a central group representing a 
person of some distinction in a hunting 
dress, with a hawk on his fist, and at- 
tended by servants and dogs. ; flanked 
by single figures, a dog feeding,' and a 
^ame cock trimmed for the fist ; and 
inscribed with the nanve of the Rev. 
John Wake, who was probably one of 
the prel>endaries, and attached to the 
sports of the field and other recreations 
which were prevalent in the sixteenth 
century. Here are also a few coats of 
arms, which undoubtedly refer to indi- 
viduals connected with the establish- 
ment at the same period. A fess between 
three weights, with this inscription, 
tempore IDinmi iS^pgtt rancenarti fm/ 
\\xi ^ttitilBLt, and two men bearing 
heavy weights for supporters. Another, 
({uarterly; 1 and 4, three pallets couped 
in chief to make room for as many 
roundels. 8 and 3, a chevron between 
mullets ; supported on the dexter side 
by an eagle, and on the sinister by a 
stag collared, seated on a cask or tun, 
to which he is chained ; and having this 
inscription: Ibcma M^Xitti ^%nvat 
^anvnftUn cantarii fmju^ Ctt\t$iM. 

Bai-Relir/t in (lit Charch al BeverUi/. 


ThcihirJ coal is charged wiih a Tesi 
with ny* between ihrec madlcw, sup- 
pocicd by a falcon on the dexlcr (ide, 
and • fox pisant regaldont on iIip »i- ema 
iiiltcr. The inscripuon (placed round tliel 
iwo tepara'f csrvinOT nf a manlel and and 
falcon,] ii, ibma IDilUcIini date est' 
tttit iCt^^aucAni tuiutf tftcUfiat.— 

Th« Mcond clan i) more numerous. 
Be«t tnd bull baitins was a fnyourilc 
■mutcmeDl in lieverle;, from ihc car- 
lienumesdoivn loa very recent period, 
when these 


referred to ; for the Feast ofFooli and 

oiher buffooneries were periodically 

exhibited before the public by the jo- 

culaiors ; and one chief excellence of 

profriaiun was lo aitnnie ihe earb 

mannera of brutea, and to Imitale 

IBS. Theiportsof the fifid a 

also nere reprcienicd. On one aeat 

a pack of hounds, with the huntsman 

winding his horn ; and on another »a 

aclual boar hunt, the animal at bay, 

and the hunltman striking him - '■'■ - 


The third claii may include the bai- 

ihcir CI 

and was in Hill opt.. . ^ 

ilall* wereeteoied. All ranksjoincd relief of St. George and the dragon ; 

In it.nolcxcepiingcrownedandtnitred naked figure to repiesenl a human so 

head), on ihcir frequent *i»ili to the consigned tntormeni.and placed withio 

town ; and cnQiequently it would not ihe clulchei of a dicmon ; and 

be rejected, either by clergy or lulty. — eom muni rated person on his k' ___, ._ 

Accordingly we have here frequent the act of preparing for submission to 

>s of the tporl. On 
depicted a mounted bear- ward, with le- 
veral muzzled btars under hia charae ; 
on another.a relucinni bear is compellEd 
to the atakc by being drawn thither on 
a sledge; aooiher iscouteyed by eager 
amateurs with a whcrlbirtoiv; and at 
length a Tegular bear baitini; is dis- 
played in ill full pcrfec 

itroduced in other si 

the highest censure of the church, short 
of actual escision, public penance ) 
with others of the same nature. 

The explication of the fourth clau 
must depend somewhui more on 
jecturej but who can contempleti 
portraiture of a dancing master giving 
nrofessional instruction to an aged n--- 
key, wilboul observing a sir insinua 

inlique beau, who wishes to 

ilitl mere ludicrous ; and the attendant emulate the (ire of jouih, and endea- 
) ingraiiate himself wiih the 

arc pourirayeilin every aurierscx by increasing the elaaiicity of | 
Thus tile artist has his limb* with genlle -' "- ' 


these mi 
in nursing a 

with the repre- 
bear dancing to the de- 
produced byt'lie bagpipes wiihhoid hi 
ion monkey. Another of ihat ihe 

nfant ; a third 

nl ployed 

le the hinder parts of a Joe like a mu- 
(ieal instrument; while others appear 
to be engaged in some groiesquc mum- 
merj, and arcdiiportinj; themselves on 
the backs of men. To this class mav 
also be referred that bas-relief which 
repreiems three fcUnws dresi in antic and 
habilimciiu, dancing a morisco, at- ihc ui 
■ended by two companions in similar subat^ 
habita, the one plavmg a pipe and ta- execr 
bor,aud the other placed in an uncouth the deli 
posture, Willi a fool's bauble in his 
tiand.-t Here is anolhcr, of an over- 
grown gooic with a man's head appear- 
ing al trie breast. These kind of rcpre- 

? Or 

behold a grave physician pre^ | 

^perannnatcd goal, and 

sent to the conjecture 

alludes to some llbidi' 

fellow, then well known, who 

had brought on himself a premature 

old age and imbecility, by the practice 

of vices which biSe the iklM of the i 

mosl experienced medical practi 

What can be the meaning of a , 

repiesenting ihe dctil attending a snlU 

tary drunkard, but to convey the jui 

-"'' --■'■■"■-"lOrBl that perdition awatf 

iserabte wretch who wastei tint*; I 

ince, and conaiitution, on ihii 1 

ice ! Agnin. we have her* \ 


. alas! a fox is the preacher 
the hearers are geese. This Is nn apf .1 
representation of an ecclesiasiic whtf I 
prefers the fleece to the flock ; a crgf^l 


leniations were perfectly familiar lo the popular preacher, who delights irfa 

people of England at the time here p/uciiniraii audience which he collcctr* 

■ by a plausible affeciatio 

* Of this U«-rell«f ilista la • I'Uw la which they, like silly geese, believe ti 

Scmid'b History <if Btretliy- be geoiiine, while in privnie he laugt 

t Also reptasealed lo (h» Hitlorjr i tu at the stupid cteduVw^ n( ii« &\s^« ' 

lik»«»»»«ood-CTit ioonrVJ.acjr. Lee. whom he is UtideA vov\»tvV\w. ' 


Mr. Upham*t Reply to Mr, Higgms. 


would almost wonder how such a cari- 
cature was admitted into this situation. 
What can be the significant meaning 
of a monkey mounted on the back of 
a hare, but that a timid and perhaps 
opulent individual is placed under the 
implicit direction of a designing and 
politic scoundrel, who makes equally 
free with his name, reputation, and 
purse. Here also we have a muzzled 
bear instructing a monkey to play the 
Scotch bagpipe ; and a choir of young 
pigs followmg the lead of bruin on the 
same instrument. Now what is the 
muzzled bear but some supercilious of- 
ficer of theestablishmentywho had been 
reduced, either for tippling or loquacity, 
and compelled for his subsistence to 
drill the sluggish singing boys, symbol- 
ized by swine, and the pert musicians 
typified in the monkey ? Some bur- 
lesque reference to tne fraternity of 
minstrels which existed at Beverley 
under the protection of its Alderman, 
is probably contained in the represen- 
tation of a hog elevated on his hind lees, 
and solemnly executing some favourite 
measure upon the harp. On another 
seat, the same animal is playing the 
bagpipes, %vhile ^veral of his compa- 
nion swine are engaged in a merry 
dance. All these were most likely well- 
known characters. 

On a few of these subsellia are de- 
lineated satirical pictures, which seem 
to bear a more direct reference to real 
persons and real transactions; for being 
intended to represent individuals in a 
more humble sphere of life, there ap- 
peared less need of mystery and symboL 
One of this character displays the figures 
of two workmen, who, having quar- 
reled, are in the act of determining 
their differences by single combat ; the 
one is armed with a mallet and the 
other wiih a chisel, and they are at- 
tended by their seconds. The man with 
the mallet, being armed with the most 
formidable weapon, has evidently the 
advantase; he is preparing to strike a 
blow which infuses terror into one of 
the seconds, and to avoid it the chisel 
man retires. This apparent want of 
courage excites the contempt of the 
other second, which he manifests by 
holding his nose. Another bas-relief 
displays a shrew conveyed by her hus- 
band to the cucking-stool in a wheel- 
barrow. Her countenance exhibits the 
furious workings of her mind at the 
cffiueinphiion of ihe proposed mark of 
disdnctioa to which she has been clc- 

Tated by her superior powers of rheto- 
ric; and her feelings are strikingly 
pourtrayed by the attack which slie 
makes upon her husband's cranium. 

I here close this enquiry for the pre- 
sent, hoping that the few hints above 
submitted may induce a more minute 
investigation of this curious subject 
than is usually bestowed upon it by 
writers on ecclesiastical topography. 

lam, Sir, yours, &c. Geo. Oliver. 

Mr. Urbak, March 13. 

IT appears to me one of the most 
indisputable of positions that no 
man, whatever may be his station or 
acquirements, has any moral right lo 
impugn or attack any of the established 
regulations in society, either civil or 
religious, without the means of fully 
jiistifying his undertaking, and the 
candour to establish or disavow his 
opinions if they are proved to be fal- 

With Mr. Higgins's creed I have 
nothing to do, and I have left it wher^ 
it must ultimately rest, betwixt himself 
and hia Creator; but his assertions, 
whereinsoever they appeal to facts, 1 
have endeavoured fairly and candidly 
to examine; and, according to my 
opinion, they lamentably break down 
under him. If there be any fallacy or 
error in my arguments, they lie open 
to Mr. Higgins*s refutation ; but if, 
from the testimony of Mohammed's 
own wives, I can prove his life to have 
been vicious and sensual ; if even the 
brightest portions of his Koran are 
borrowed from our Scriptures, and 
those which are not, are stained by 
luscious and impure images few would 
care to peruse ; if it appears that Is- 
lamism, instead of its boasted tolera- 
tion, has in fact become a withering 
atrophy over the whole East, convert- 
ing the most popular districts and 
provinces into sandy deserts; if the 
Emperor Ukbur, instead of merely 
evincing toleration in his religious 
creed, arrogated to himself such powers 
as amount to an aberration of reason ; 
and if 1 can prove the amiable Burck- 
hardt, instead of having died a convert 
to Islamism, as Mr. Hi^ins has nar- 
rated, to have ended hTs days in the 
Christian faith ; in all these points, 
which are indeed his strongholds and 
only positive references, I conceive Mr. 
H. is bound to adduce fresh evidence, 
or to admit his absolute failure. 

The {M,tA ti^vUlnetts and suavity of 

1830.] H'ply to Wr. Higgim.- 

ihe Otwmnn lule, 1 have adveritJ to 
ID iheconclotlingpariofiny remarks ; 

and they are principlr- -'— 

feu a« Mr. Hiaeiiis' 
ailfocation of Chiiitianiiy— both 
not Tail or rrtnincling tlie reiOcr of the 
exclamation of ihe impatient liilener 
to what >n injinlicious friend had urged 
in hi* defence—" Heaven delivtr me 
frommyrtiends!" heexclainied ; "and 
tt for my enemies. I well know how to 

on yourjwSM reiprciing the con* 
of Ihe Rinpeior Ukbiir, both h 

■flon. aid Rev. C. Spencer. 

the glnry idiI f»ql8 Bttalnil-lo 

eitlMd itoFiition which •• due "iily la ths 
-iHjKimng all rfligioni as niually 
mpaftcl, he followeil the* 
of M»Uuiiielin fmnldEi nei orwi 
mors ambitiinii than the Prophec, 
elaimtdhim«lflhee4l The i - 

•till baiid» 

a bail II 

1. Th. 


le gatden 

»i1> itnJght to the i 

from the T.j, with which i 

.I.IIT di 



It it built 


uf red •toDC, and u one enti ' 
of archn on aicbea, or galleil 
;tl OQ tlis (umtDiC of wUicli, 

ill, \i an arco, turrouaded by 

marbw >kreea, iiM'j caned. Id tha 

llkbiir, of while marbl*. '"The gaJ Uitur, 
ly hii glory be inaf;iiiGa<l,* together with 
of the Deity, i< imcribed 

itifulty e 

of the Hlutirious character which he 
bofc. and also for ihe beauliful detcrip- 
lion of hi* tnnih, anil ihe fad of his 
Bpolheoiia, which ii not generally 

When 1 referred lo "The Quarlerly 
Orienlal Magazine." published ai Cal- 
eoila, for the evidence which I adduced 
in refuuiion of Mr. Higgini'a remarks 
rt«nectin( the Miisioloian orthodoxy 
of theEitii«rorUkhur, I had not Ihe , . . ,. 

work before one, and qnoled merely upon it in Arabic, 
from memory, and knew not how "d ™"'' <«'>"" 

much ...onget to the p"r'« ''-^^jt,^ tb, irnTei"" «rsr^":;h.':Lr;ri: 

tr^lh, » far as concerns tl e pasMge in ^j ^^ b__^^ ^ ^^^ ^ 

ouesiion. i; ; for u is not a hi ie singular ^, ^_,^^^„^ ,^^_ f^.^^^f^^ ;„ ^^^^^ ^ .^ ^.^^'^ 

th« the Mogul Emperor Lkbur ">""•- ... 

' i the most decided indif 

e tubjecl of rehgion aiiogethi . , 
jpeftking of all telinion) as equ.illy false 
and imperfect ! Thus he eouipletely 
nullifies ihe assertion of his refusing 
his conviction lo the faith of Christ 
upon any admiited st)|>erioriiy of Is- 
lam ism. but solely as arising from his 
inflated pride ' -= - -- >-: >' 


that the Mogul tmperoi UKDurmani- „„„ their ailie. around lh« tomb of iheif 
feilrf the most decided indifletence t'g „d their f.ncicd god. In thediiuun 
tolhe tubjecl of rehgion |ie, the town uid fori of Agra, ravioei, and 




self ii 

prt of a letter, descriptive of ihe 
GoTeruor-general ijird Amherst's risit 
a Agra, ihe stale of which, and that 

alio of Taj Muhal, the splendid marble Rev. Geo. Speni 
Inmb of the beauliful Noor Jehan, is ■ "-■ 

HI particularly interesting thnt I cannot 
r»»ist copying it for ihe pages of your 
inttniclivc and useful Mugaiine. 

" Ewly ill the morDlng of the lOth of 
JiBury, IBST, we viiitd Scouodra. lh> 
maiuoleuDi of UWbur the Great, die moit 
libnal and cnllglitened of the Mngnl So- 
t*r»gn(i> but who. not latiiGed with all 

• Tber. can b« do quwlion but that 

Mr. Urban, Ktntiaglon, Mar. S5. 

I BEG, as an nccasiunsl corropon. ' 
dent of your Miscellany, lo except 

Number; and first, thcKraluilous 

logy aud panegyric of Theodorui, (j*. j 

103.) on t>ie apoifiii:^ of iheHor * 

which, I 

ofhis mle i but whto, ftnm Iiii policy as a 
•onreigti, »« read of bit arrogant XtaiAtij ai 
% maiii ■ho can icprc» a algb for the weak- 
Ma. and follj of poor humaoily .' 

marks with peculiar (/rp/A o/oiifTM^ j 
(ion, • is in itself not a little remarks^ I 
ble.' But, as he proceeds, what renden I 
it more so is, thai by the chinge he wU^ 1 
have lo forego a very large and lur 
live church preferment ; w' * ' 
are told is highly creditable ii 
nesly, &c. ' Fudge I' about ns much »M 
B> a man on his dealh-bed brquealhillgff 
his possessions, because he cannot ke«|r 
ihein any longer. If this be ihe 7lh 01 
8ih person ofconsequciiee (queryijwhj 
has so lost hlmsell, it only proves iIm 
ininlelltcl, ot that \\\'e} ucvti^wd&i. 
grounded tn the ?T(i\cixai\\ W\<\\ % t 


216 Dangert of Popery.^ MahomeU^^Tavittock Abbey. [March, 

if ihe assertion with regard to Cam- 
bridge be correcty ijis a most disgrace- 
ful distinction to the University to have 
placed herself on that ' bad eminence.* 
..The advocates of the late disastrous 
measure told us it would be a means of 
promoting the Protestant caase ; but 
now we are coolly informed that ' it 
looks very much as if Catholicism (by 
what right does he put the whole for a 
pwrlf) would again increase.' And 
does a Protestant* pen this? Alas! 
that the blood of the martyrs should, in 
this degenerate age, cease to germinate 
as the seed of the church. 

We are also told that the liberal Btn* 
timents entertained by all modern Ca- 
tholics (Papists) will guarantee the 
public, &c. — Monstrous ! Contrary 
alike to experience, to facts, and to the 
nature of man. And again, * that cha- 
rity and munificence will spring as 
heretofore, &c/ Is this to be tolerated ? 
*-To what do we owe the unexam- 
pled flow of benevolence in every pos- 
sible channel, which adorns and ferti- . 
lizes, not Britain only, but extends to 
^ery quarter of the globe, making the 
barren wilderness to rejoice and plos- 
•om as the rose ? Not, God be praised, 
to the spirit of Pbpery. Thbodorus 
says he has ' travelled over a large por- 
tion of Europe, and has been surprised 
at the manner in which the (Roman) 
Catholic church is beginning again to 
frevail* A rational being might well 
be surprise^^a. true Protestant will 
lament, and see in it the fulfilment of 
the prophecy that ' For this cause God 
shall send them strong delusion, that 
they should believe a lie^ — see 2 Thess. 
£d ch. As for its modem spirit oUolera-' 
Hon, we must look for it, not in the 
fluctuating medium of polished society, 
but to the unerring index of unchanged 
and unchangeable bulls and decretals. 
Thbodorus is sorry thatDmm is gain- 
ing ground among many superficial 
young men, &c. (as if the converts to 
POpery were deep /) So am I — but 
not surprised-^PoDtry and Deism, if 
not Atheism, will advance together 
(see B. White's Kxpos^) ; but how 
' piety and infidelity can produce each 
other ' I cannot comprehend, even by 
help of the philosophical elucidation 
that it is ' by the reaction of party 
spirit!' His concluding sentence,thougn 

* To this we can reply, Nu ; we believe 
our correftpondent Thbodorus to be a Ro- 
msn CmthoIic'—EDtT, 

open to remark, [^willingly leave to its 
own feebleness and incoherence. 

Thus much for your Popish apologist ; 
now one word to your Mahometan pa- 
negyrist, I can make no pretensions 
to add any thine to the excellent re- 
marks of Mr. Upham, which, in true 
Turkish spirit, Mr. Higgins determines 
not to read ; but I cannot pass over his 
extraordinary assertion, that Mahomet 
is to be considered really a Christian, 
because ' he professed to believe in the 
divine mission of Jesus Christ, and in 
the truth of the doctrines taught by 
Him*. If this much suffice for a 
Christian, we may give the right hand 
of fellowship to devils, as well as to 
Turks, for they believe, and tremble 
too ; and, acknowledging his power 
and authority over them, bore open 
testimony that Jesus was the Son of 
the Most High God. Were it possible, 
our next step in the mad career of li- 
beralitjr would be to emancipate those 
high-minded sxnd suffering spinu from 
their unjust and cruel thraldom. 

Yours, &c. M. S. 

Notices op Tavistock. 
(Xkntinued from p, 118.J 

DYNINGTO^N probably made 
large repairs and additions to the 
buildings of his Abbey, as roost of the 
remains of these now extant are cha- 
racterised by the deep label moulding 
and obtusely pointed arch which be- 
came the prevailing characteristic of 
gothic architecture towards the close of 
the 15ih century. The great gate of 
the Abbey is decorated with two mina- 
rets of this period, and the parapet of 
its pointed roof is crenellated and em- 
battled ; certainly a misapplication of 
the crenellated form, and a specimen of 
perverted taste. 

Richard followed Denyngton in 1463; 
Richard Yeme or Yerne was next 
elected in 1491, on whose death or se- 
cession Richard Banham became Ah- 
bat; he received the temporalities of 
the Abbey June 7th, 1492, 7th Henry 
VII. Banham being of an ambitious 
character obtained for his Abbey,which 
Denyngton had procured to be a mitred 
one, the further honour of a seat in the 
house of peers, a privilege which the 
circumstance of its being previously 
dignified by the mitre did not it seems 
of itself confer. It is supposed that 
Banham took this step in order to cope 
with his diocesan, Henry Oldham, 


Notices 0/ Tavistock md' 

Bifhop of Exeler, with whom he was 
cngagcdinperpeiuat can Irsls.andiv host 
rscnitimunieauonbeprociiied rroiiuhe 
Pcpt, nolwiilrtianiling ihe woiih)' nod 
mtM chamcier of llie Bishop. 

The following 11 *lraii-iUuan oflhi 
{n*lniinenl which eonfcrrcd Ihe priri- 
ttgc of Pailijmeni r>n Biinham, who 
enjoyitt il but itn yrire, snil whoic 


1 ihen. 

reign by ttiesu|ipression of in 

" HeDrt, by [he Bruce of Gnd, ike. 

•• Ktkio ;« thU for ccfUiD conilder>l)(.n< 

"detMHiB whicli vr tnLnruin and bcu U- 
" suifc the bleued Virgin Alaij (lie ouither 
'• of Chriil. iDd St. Ruman, in hunliur of 
■• both uTvhDni die Abbey urTii>i>t.H:l[, of 
" tb* Isiuiditioa of tlie Klngi of Englud 
" •ml uodci our palrniuge, tUDdi dedicated. 
" H*iw* it triiei ibal uT our •j.ecial gnce, 
" ccruin lino»l«ilgf, aod mete molion, we 
■• oilt that ih* uld our Abbej ar Munai- 
" iery iball enjin the ]iti»ilege and libeilj 

" uf ilie ipirleuil Incda oFoi 
" gnat tot ui ud fai 1 


auch a* in ut He., to .mr fight dew F»- 
" thei in Chrin, Hithaid Ban)»m, Abbat gf 
'■ Taviitoek aiuieuid, and to hiituccetton, 
" m IV anf of (beiDi abn far the line being 
<• (ball there be AbbM, that he iliall be nne 
■■ Dftbeipiciiuai and lelisiuni Inrdi of nur, 
" 0ur hein' and iuccetton' Pailiaminl, bji 
" CDJojuif; llw hunour, privilege, and liber- 
" lira of the *anie. And jnureoirer, uf onr 

lion ofont hundred pounds per annum, 
ailliaiperiuda very large one j the Prior 
hail a siipcnt) uf 10/. ]>cr annum ; ttll 
9iib-prior one ol SL ; the munki fiiMn 
r>l. 10 al. (li. Si^. each ; and two novlcM 
were allowed 21. ptr annum. The Abi 
bat continued to mide at Tavistock, in 
ihe enjoyment of ilie cDiuronable proi 
vision which had been assigned him^ 
at which place, in the year I64g, h* 
made hi> will, which being proicd in 
April, 1550, wc mgy concluck ihui hs 
died aliDul that lime. 

The dissolved Abbey of Tavistock 
and ill dependencies, were, by tha 
King"* leller-palent, dated the 4lh of 
July, ill the ihiiiv-firat year of hit 
reign, granied lo John Lord Huuelj 
Ann hiB wife, and iheir lawful heli* 
m«le,Bi a certain reserved renL* Ijni 
RuittI hud been received into th# 
favour of Henry Vn.,kniRhted by hi* 
succesBor, and created a B.iron of that 
realm 1 nnniinaied Lord Warden oE 
the StannariM in Devon and Corn« 
of ihB 

wnll. Lord Privy Si'al, ani 
Councillors of Edwaid VI 

orily. He 


' luled alatfi thai 
out exchequer liir 


High Steward al ihe ccT. 
youthful monarch, and on the insutJ 
rectioii which broke out gt Sampforil 
Courtenay, in Devon, and which wa» 
foil owed by the liege of ihc capital oS 
ihe west, Exelcr,LordtRuueliiiarcheil 
ai^aintt the rebels, totally routed, and: 
dispersed them. For these services hci 
was ihorlly after created Earf of Bed- 
ford. Il is not ihe otijccl of these note* 
to enter at length into Ihe tiiilotr oE 
this ancient and noble hougej nuiiica 
il to ».ny, that William, the fifth dp- 
scendant from the ILirt, wu, in the 
reign of William and Mary, created 
Marquii of Tavistock and Duke oE 
Bedford, and hb preaeni worthy de^ 
Bcendsnt, John Duke of Bedford, is in 
pottessinn of the lands and ecclesiasiU 
cjI improppiations of the dissolved Ab- 
bey. At Kndileigh, a demesne of Ihe 
Abbey, hi) Grace has erected an ele- 
pint cottage om^e, delighifully *ur-> 
rounded by woods and rocks, tl(roii|(h, 
the midtl of which the wnler* of ibft 

. ,," . Newhiidge, and thence put the tower*. 

ineerajisof Morwell and iho wooded 
heiahu of Colheic, on ibeir way lo 
their magoifioenl ombonchure the Ha< 
moste and Plymomh harbour. 

sot), wc pnrdon bj thei 
AbbiC't abicDc*, pro 
he fiiitliwith pay int 


eof, Ac- 
succeeded Giinbi 

'■ ««* whe ' - •■ 
John Pvrvo 

with the Moil 

Mttrcndrrcd the Abbey to the K 

Coinmiisioners on the 3()th M' 

Ii3». Of thi 

which appear 

deed of tiirtcudri, the fullowing may 

be iiotcd. The Abbai and the Prr 

tiitn first ;— " Per me Joh'ein Abbati 

per metlohertu' Walih, priorcV ihi 

■BditcTiiniiiaiely ate round " Job' 

a pen- 


Notices of Tavistock and its Abbey. 


. Browne Willis informs as that the 
▼enefable chorch of St. Mary and St. 
RumoD remained standing in its ruins 
till about the year l67<>» when iu ma* 
terials were given to build a school- 
house ; it most have been a magnificent 
structure, as from the best information 
he could obtain, it extended, inclusive 
of the usual appendage of a chapel de- 
dicated to the Virgin at the east end, 
upwards of 350 ^t in length. The 
only indications of its existence appear 
when in digging the graves on its site, 
which is now included within the ce- 
metery of the parish church, portions 
of its elegant pavement are thrown out, 
consisting of those glazed and orna- 
mented tiles which were disposed in 
our ancient sacred edifices in an infi- 
nite variety of connected patterns. The 
Cloisters, which were generally placed 
on the south or sunny side of the mo- 
nastic churches, were in that situation 
at Tavistock. I have already mentioned 
the single arch of these cloisters, which 
still remains. Thev were about forty 
yards in length. On the east of these 
was a door into the CbapUfr-house, the 
walls of which were extant in Willis's 
day ; he describes it as a structure con- 
taming 36 stalls, beautifully arched 
over head ; by which I conclude it was 
oneof those elegant multangular build- 
ings, whose groined roofs are usually 
supported by a single pillar in the cen- 
tre. The chapter-house and Saxon 
school, which I shall mention hereafter, 
were polled down in 1736, in order to 
construct a residence for the Duke of 
Bedford's steward on their site; this 
was called the Abbey-house, and is now 
replaced by the Bedford Arms Inn. — 
While I am writing this account, 1 am 
informed in a letter from Mrs. Bray 
that part of the pavement of the cha|>- 
ter-house has been Just discovered, 
consisting of tiles, bearmgthe figuresof 
Kons and fishes : having no drawing at 
present of these tiles, I can only ob- 
serve that the lion, either passant or 
rampant, has been borne in the armo- 
rial coat of the Earls of Cornwall ever 
since the time of Reginald (base son of 
Henry I. a benefactor to the Abbey), 
and tnat by the fishes some allusion to 
the possessions of the Abbey in the 
Scilly Isles may be intended. 

The refectory stands behind the Ab- 
bey-house, or Bedford Arms Inn, and 
it still, as in Browne Willis's day, a 
meeting-house, A stone palpit,wilh\n 
the mettwry of some aped persons, was 
remaining against the wall of this 

building, whence the monks were edi- 
fied at their meals by the readings of 
one of their fraternity. A very beauti- 
ful portico, cieled with the most ele- 
gant tracery, forms the entrance to the 
refectory ; the arms of the Abbey are 
displayed in the centre of the arch ; they 
corres|M)nd with those of the Ferrers 
family, who had possessions at Bere in 
this neighbourhood, and were benefac- 
tors to the church. The immediate pre- 
cinct of the monastery (which enclosed 
the Abbey and parochial churches, 
the cemetery in which the two last 
mentioned building stood, the Saxon 
school, and monastic offices) was com- 
prised in an it regular plot, of which 
either side may be taken at about two 
hundred yards, or within the circum- 
ference ot half a mile. Towards the 
Tavy a massive wall, with a crenellated 
parapet still remains ; also the Abbat's 
private gateway, leading from Guile or 
Abbot's Bridge into the precinct. The 
south-west angle of the embattled 
wall towards the river is formed by a 
tower called the Siill-house, which has 
a door into the Abbey grounds, now 
the vicarage-garden, &c. ; into this 
building the healing herbs of the 

§arden were probably brought to be 
istilleJ by the monks. Towards the 
eastern extremity of that part of the 
boundary wall which faced the river 
were seated perhaps the officina mono' 
chorum, whose commodious situation 
is lauded by Malmesbury. From the 
StilUhouse the boundary makes a right 
angle to the northward, towards a gate- 
way, the obtusely pointed arch of which 
is flanked by two low s(|uare towers.-* 
This also stands in the vicarage garden, 
and opened into the Abbey grounds.— 
It is called Betsy Grimbal s Tower, 
from some vague tradition of a female 
who made it her abode after the disso- 
lution of religious houses. Mrs. Bray 
has made good use of this and other 
local traditions in her interesting ro- 
mance Fitz of Fitzford,* in which are 
incidentally combined much of the 
topography and history of Tavistock. 

The situation of the stew-ponds, for 
the supply of fish for the monastery, is 
still marked by some banks and willows 
in a field to tne westward of the vica- 
rage garden. Here I may state that the 
handsome and commodious vicaraee- 
house was erected in the year 1818 oy 
his Grace the Duke of Bedford, and 
(he ^TO>itid% lutefully laid out by the 


BrUish Monaments and Saxon School. 


Ereieni incumbent. Th^old vionge- 
OUM* ttood near ihe river, easlwaril 
of the bridse. It should also he re- 
eonted thai Mr. Btay'i antiquarian lenl 
hat preserved tii the vicaraj^B garden 
aa« of thnie seputchral sioni^ which 
belonged to the llriliih inhabiunt* of 
Danmotiia. Theitory of ihe prcierva- 
linn of ihii ancient monumeni li lome- 
what liniinlar. Harlntt failen, us I lup- 
ftOK, frnin lis Drigiiul jiosilion by lliii 
n>«d tide, ii Ijj in titc common liiKh- 
w^withihe inicribed rucrdatvnwanli, 
in the wtsl street of the town of Ta- 
litlocli, until lis surface n>as worn 90 
flnoalb by the irafilc of the public roid 
that it bccBtne slippery and dangerous 
for hones 10 pats over it. About forty 
yetr) licice ii wai tilien up, and, with 
the face itill downwards, it formed a 
btidgeoflhe Abbey mill- Jnif or stream. 
The Rev. E. Bray, on hearing that this 
«onc had letien on ihe ondcr-surface, 
eauKd it iinmedialely 10 be removed to 
the gtounds of his falhcr, and finally 
Inmrerred it to its present situiiion. — 
This memorial is now plnced in lis 
otiginal per)iend>calar piisiiian. It is 
of moor-stone (the granite of Dartmoor 
usually w called), tlands about seven 
feel above the surface of the eJilh, and 
is inscribed in very legible characleri, 
Fit. CONb'eVl 
I have seen ai BuckUnd Mouachorum , 
abnin sin miles from Tavistock, stand- 
ing near the public hJEhway, another 
similar stone, intiribed-f- 
And aljo by the wav-side near Fo wry 
iaCurnwAl), a parallel mnnunieiitdedi- 
mtcd 10 the iiieniory nfCunowur. — 
Kwib memorials are freijuent al«a in 
■Sonlh Wales, and for llie greater part 
ite placed by the way eiile. Some 
•re inscribed with cidties, others of 
later dale were probably formed into . 
crosies hy culling, or by ihe addition 
of a irtnsveric stone. I am induced 10 
htuti the opinion that, before Chiii- 
lianily became the geoeral religion of 
the luid, «iul christian and jug^in Bii- 
Wui lived in one cummuniiy, — before 
the (irtciice of butyinif in chuiches 
■od chufcbyaids ohljined, which was 
not until the cighih century, J it was 

I a: 

• Sm v;e- 
amsia*, wir 
+ Thnewi 

of Ti 

....ttoek, by CkDeh 
by R, hirr, 1741. 
ire eognrgd ax L^scas'i 

the custom of the Romano-Britons, pa^ 
Ban or ehriilian, indiscriminately to 
bury iheir dead by the way-side j di»> 
tinguishing iheiepulchra! tiela ot pil- 
lars of ihe laller by a crois. On Ih? 
nionumenis above we 5nd the parent 
has 11 Celtic name, the child a Roman i 
Nepranus the son of Coiidef, Sabiuu] 
the Kon of Maccodechet. , 

These names being found in the ae- 
nillvecaie, 1 conclude that Memona', 
or !nmc other word, was considered sO 
nsnal as 10 be understood without in- 
scribing. The reclined I'l in the se^ 
cond inscription are, however, perhap* 
only intended as points. 

Thb Saxon School. 
The demoliiion of a room appropri- 
ated to the study of llic Saxon languagt 
has been alluded to in the preceding 
notes. No mention of such an etta- 
blishoienl h to be found among the 
muniments of the Abbey; but Arch- 
bishop I'arfeer refers 10 the existence oi 
a Saxon school at Tavistock, and af 
many other mouasleries within the 
realm, as a malter in the memory cf 
persons of his time.* He says that 
many uf the charters and munimenti 
of the euily limes being wrillen in lb* 
Saxon tongue, these foundations w 

Erovided in ord<:r to cooiinunicale I 
nowledge of it fiom age to aae, lest il 
should at length become totally obM> 
lelc. It is probable th:tt the Saxoa 
school shared the faic of its foitcrinf 
parent, the monastery, at the lime tn- 
thL-refnrniaiion,otiliai it merged in the 
grammar school, still existing at Tavia* 
lock, lo which no dale of foundaiioB 
can beassianed. Indeed It is not likely 
that so einmenl a tnonaitery as Taris. 
tock had neglected 10 eiiablish a school 
for ihc in SI ruction of the children of 
the pour in Latin and church musio] 
Ihe mode in that day of providing ihat 
■here should alivaya be a number of 
persons quililied for* ihe pries thoodt 
The giammar school at Tavistock m 
al the preicnL lime very ilendeily ate 
tended, there seldom being more than 
one or two scholars on iu list. Ttm 
ichoolmasier instructs them in Latin 
and Greek, and ihe steward uf the Duka 
of Bedford sends as many scholars (lA 
the name of the Duke) as he chusea | 
each Iwy paying iwo guineas enirann* 
money, and one guinea annually to ihn 
masiei.t ^ume yatVvcuWs ti^ \\w \nwk- 

^ * »iM— h am AWaay frior.- 


Printing Press, and Church of Tavistock. 


tor's stipend in the time of Eliiabeth 
will be louod in a subsequent document. 

The Prihtivg Press. 

The noble art of printing was com- 
Qiunicated to our land about the year 
1471* and being first practised in West- 
minster Abbey, the example was soon 
followed by St. Augustine*s Canter- 
bury, St. Albans*, and " other monas- 
teries of England/* says Stow*; among 
which number was the Abbey of Ta- 
vistock. Certain it is, that a translation 
of Boetius de Consolatione Philoso- 
phise, undertaken at the instance of one 
Elizabeth Berkeley, and completed by 
John Walton, Canon of Osney in 1410, 
was printed at Taviitock in 1 584, under 
the editorship of Dan Thomas ftychard, 
one of the monks, who, by the prefix 
of Dan or Dominus to his name, was 
perhaps a graduate of the university, or 
a scholar of some note. It might, liow- 
ever, be a distinction added on account 
of the office which he bore in the mo- 
nastery ; for I take him to be the same 
persou who signs his name to the sur- 
render, " Rycardus custos.*' The con- 
clusion of this book (so rare that Hearne 
had only seen two imperfect copies of 
it), has the following note : 

" Hera eodeth the Boke of comfort called 
in latjn Boecius de coQsoUtione Phi'e, Em* 
prented in the exempt Monasterj of Tavettok 
in Denshvre. By me Dan Thomas Rycbard 
Monke of the laid Monastery. To the lu- 
staot deiver of the ryght worshypful eiquyer 
Mayster Robert Langdoo. Anno d. MJ)xxv. 
Deo gracias.'f *' 

Robert Langdon,LL D. was nephew 
to Bishop Langdun, a great patron of 
literature, and 1 suppose hadf imbibed 
something of his uncle's spirit.t 

The Parish Church 

is dedicated to St. Eustace, and was 
erected within the cemetery of the Ab- 
bey Church. Lcland thought it had 
Dot been built long before the dissolu- 
tion, and that tffe parishioners had pre- 
viously a place of worship within the 
Abbey church; this indeed was not 
unlikely, as other examples might rea- 
dily be adduced to shew. The parish 
church of Tavistock was, however, 
certainly in existence in the reisn of 
Richard II. and how much earlier I 
have not discovered ; it appears to have 
been under repair in 1380. The exte- 


* AaoMhs ofEnghod, 4 to edit. P. 
t GJosMury to Robt. of Gloucester s 
ro/, a, p. 70n. 

t Wooii'B AiUcn, Oxou,, vol. 2, p. 646. 

rior view exhibits a dark lofty tower» 
under which is an archway, forming t 
passage from the Abbey precinct into 
the town ; four distinct roofs, extending 
from the tower at the west to the ter« 
mination of the building, indicate a 
spacious interior. Among the docu* 
ments to which I had access in 1887^ 
I found and deciphered the following 
very early churchwarden's acount of 
the ninth year of Richard II. I shall 
give an extract from it, on acconnt 
of the curious items it containa ) amon^ 
these will be found a charge for col- 
lectmg rushes for strewing the church 
against the feast of John the Baptist, 
and the anniversary of the dedication ; 
for the expenses of a man and horse 
sent to buy wax at Plymouth, for 
lights in the church ; charges for ma* 
terials for repairing windows, &c. ; for 
making three pamted figures ia the 
window of the vestry ; for fuel ; for 
shutters to the great east window | for 
the bringing a mason to repair the said 
window ; ^r drinkings to the work* 
men employed on the above ; rents 
from the park of Trewelake for main* 
taining lights at the altars of St. Nicho- 
las, St. Stephen, St. John the Baptist, 
St. Katharine ; payments made to the 
sacrist of the parish church for offerings 
to the respective altars therein ; to the 
notary, for drawing the account, &c. 

** Tavystoke. S. Compa*s custod*. hufas 
eccli'e beat'i Eustachii Tavistock a festo In- 
veac'o*is s'c'e cnicb sub auno d'oi mill^ 
ccc"<* octogesimo usq' ad td*m tu*e p*x*m^ 
sequ' anu* d'm' mill<> cog"*® Uxxvi*<*. 

** £mpcio cerse. Idem comput in cxI. lib. 
cerse eroptis hoc anno Ivi.** x '* — Ciistos et 
Repa*cto Eccli'e. — Idem computat' in cirpb 
coUigend* con*, festum s'cM Johis' baptist* 
iv.d. — In die dedicac*ois eccKie. — In bokenun 
cmptis in repac'o*e vestimentor*. — In con* 
duco'e uoius viri ceram emere apud Plymouth 
et unius equi expens. snis ibidem vitl.'*— Ia 
qua'rtio calcis (lime) empt. xv.'* — In car- 
riag. d'ce v.*** — In carreragio lapid. iv.^ 
(carriage of stone). — In vet. vit. (old gkus) 
eropt. iii.'* v.<^ — ^I repac*oe unius fenesUv 
vitre. in fine eccMie ii."* iiii***— In vi. pedibus 
novi vitri empt. vii." — lu viii. pedibus vele- 
ris vitri ili." iv.*-— In focalibus (fuel) 
eropt. ii.'*— In IviiJ. lib. plumbi empt. iv.". 
X. ob.— In vii. lib. stanni empt. xviii.**— -I« 
couduco*e unius roachionit (nuMon) ad d'e'aa 
fenestram reparand. — In factura trium vma- 
ginum in fenestr. in vestiario xii.*** — l* re- 
pa*coe trium claterium (shutters) ad magnam 
fenestram in fine eccl'ie vi.<^* — In cibo et pota 
vi.**' — In biberia ad opus fenest' iii.*** — Ad 
camfianai xV\.*' ^E«t hall ringing).— In riMna 
(re*\o) empt. \n {MAAni^ W %»fcV«».— \tw \ 

Paintings on Panel at TmUtock, 


puai IImi *i1 II 
•tatd, rsehtti vi, — la fiictuni uoiu> cu-bi 
•I*.— in liUlio* [» tier) tinpt. >iii.— In re- 
fa'coa HiiioitnioruiD p. o'. vLii— In .wli- 
HMotit Unnilii p. a', vi.^-— Itam. Ad e»p. 

■Iluibui cccl'l* p'd'oe de redda. p'ci. pd'ci. 
Vti. ul lamen >ci ntchl. iil.^' id Iuidfii u'i 

bent, eompol. xii. — lnfn«iid>co*feD«t'ii,''. 
—In pergminiao (pMchmenl) empW »/■-" 

Th« sum lolal or ihrsf expenin, of 
whkh I hove only given exlracis, ii 
3(. 7*: 3i. ! ihcn follows— 

" Uhtrwio d.i.«-.-I<km comiiutM- m 
Dta'coc SmmiUe moDUUrii <k Ti.yttake 
pKi oblMlnne perveninBli! ad »ll»fT» ecele- 
ile ptrocliiilia prtdictB Ui.*' if.'" pet »oo. — 
IVo lluit •« Muris (pud )* aouiii dur vi,<' 
•ii], t HbKd invtDCianit tee orucii utquc ad 
■d*BfmtiniiliiDcproilmei«qiKiit'. I'foiluri 
MJEiMIMb. (ii.'-pera. prn >llul icb Kite- 

wiJobi»b>p(iiUvi.'. pro ilMri loetrimtuii 
Yt*- p' aluri ici flcoigii lir,^' pro illui loi 
wInWIU In npllU Juh. dkbemuun ir.':" 

The Kccounl i> subectibcd " per me 
cleric'," \iy the nolatT, who, 1 luspect, 
Htu a wag, at, inxeid of hii signjilore, 
he affixu his notarial mark ; a head 
with an eKtraordinarily long noie (per- 
hipt this wat inieniTeJ for hi* own 
porirail] having n qoill stuck on iho 
forehead by way of plume. Subjoined 
10 ihc account is this postscript : — 

" Sepum (ullow) pro mottiriu." de 

tuii. lib. wpi dt empiicuie tioe un. Tbc- 

culo (cup uid CDitr] argentco et duoliua 
■ugella deiuntit teoeo(. lit. clui. eofpui. 

d'tp'eam (two gill upgeU holding the budy 
of out Lord roclnied in E'"*) 1 «t de i«. 
Ckliif* cum patenli argi ■ '" ' '" 

the Ticanl spaces belween ihe (ieures, 
and those who hare a knowlctlgc of 
thcgolhic style of atcliileciure and or- 
nament will easily supply ihera. Th? 
first figart to the left hand ii ihc mar- 
lyrcil Stephen, his hands uplifted, and 
his head surrounded fay a tiiinbut of 
glory, the driiinguishiiix emblem of 
•ointj; the next figure is St. Lawrence, 
holding ihe initrumeni of his martyr- 
doin. the gridiron. These are all ibrt 
remain of a serleiorsainii, which were 
probably at least nirie in number, to 
correspond with the nine grades ofth* 
angelic hierarchy, which are distinJ 
guiihedwiih wing!. Ofihelatierremain 
the personifications of the ?lrtfianBE(if 
tflierubim. ^ouitaai, and a fourth, 
with a crown and seepire, the in- 
scripiion of which was probably priiw 
cipaturf." The style of the armour 
worn by one of the finures fixes thea(»e 
of the painting at about the time of 
Henry Vl. I belreie that the whole 
of these figures must hare adorn e4 
eoinparimenis of the rood-lofi of ihe 
parish church, which was doublleitf 
erected orer the opening from the 
church into the chance! ; iitpporting 
the figure of our blessed Suviowr on the 
cross, and a! his mother and Joliti, the 
disciple whom he loved, standing by. 

The mysterious me.ining of thii ar- 
rangement was as follows: the bodjf 
of the church typified the church o-'i!- 
ih.thc.^ ■ ■ ■ 

; chancel the church 
heaven ; and all who 
o a place in the latter, 
must pass underihe raW: that is, take 
up the cross, and follow iheir great 
Cdptain thrauijh trials and dfflictiou. 

CToleCBHtinued.) A.J. K. 

>. Suinmspiit. Et 

The paintings which form the sub- 
jecl of the engraving ihai accompa- 
nied these notes (see Februsry Mag- 
Mine. p. 113), are the ncKl relics 
in point of antiquity appertaining to 
ihe Church of St. Eustace. The pa- 
nels are two feet eleven inches in 
height, the longer piece four feet in 
length, the shorter about two feet; 
Lhthgilreaare canopied (as may best-Fn> 
bf the most tasteful and elegant carved 
gothio foliage; the raouldingi which 
divMvd tliem no longer remain, but 
eadily observed by 

igeli, Sersphim, Di 
Necrt". C 

prtdet ose— Tbroni, 

lied ii 

urch, Corn-.ll (.« Hedgelind', .' 

■ -J"' published), and doubtleii it n* 

tlifss nine orderi whlih were paiatcd an ihf 
Romiej ilwr-piece [tee jout last Supple- 
ment, p.5BA]. Toth<tarde>Qrnianb.lIiag* 
the h»».eBly host, derived by early ChriitiaS 
vriten frcin the Bible anil ihs tradition! dt 
the Jews, Miltun hat freiguentJ^ alluded. W' 
makes butli the Saviour of raaaliDd adT 
Sataa address tliam io the fifth bonk dl 

" Tknnei, DomiHattont,PnnenhKu, ATrtBHt 

• A light tuttolttgu tbaihtloet or tombs /*rttiaifu)n>. 


tenth is vVw ^ofto'e'ioi" ijuufjn - 

2M i'/e Old IP'ritingt iif Chr'alnpher Marlowe. [March, 

LiFB ASP Writings of Christo- this rnrmidable rivol was regarded with 
PHER MARI.DWE. itTong ferlings orjeatous; and chngiin. 

In fuel, we are rurnislied wilh suifi- 
cienl evidence ihal such was aciuilly 
the case, by ■ lecier in Rohcn Greene's 
" GroatVworlh of Wit boughiwith a 
Million of Repentance,'' published, aa 
the lillc'page expresses, " at hta dfiug 

( Continued Jfom p. 136.J 

IT is foreign to the purpose of ihii 
paper In enter into a critical exami- 
nation of Marlowe's productions indi- 
viduallv, or hit characicr as a writer 
generally \ but I must repeat what was 
aUvanced at the cammencenienl of lliis 
ariiole, that Shakspeare was under far 
more extensive obligations to him than 
is generally imadnetl ; and that lo him, 
Greene, Peek, Nash, or Kyd, must be 
allolted the honour of having com- 
menced that tpeciei of composition 
styled our " Romantic Drama," which 
Mr. Campbell, in his " Specimens" 
(adopting the dictum of others), assigns 
without a shadow of juiiice lo Sliak- 
apcare alone. Thai Marlowe, if he 
wrote " Tomburlaine." wrule also ihe 
old " King John," is inconiesiibly 
proved by ihe Prologue lo tlial play. 
Thai he was the author of - The 
Contention of York and Lancaster*' 
(subscauently retouched bv Shakspcati 

E of the 

curious, and, from ill connexion wiiti 
cek-brated names, most interetling 
morsels thai black-lellei literature can 
furnish. Some paruof iiare printed 
ill the Variorum Shakspeare, but not 
very correctly, and 1 therefore subjoin 
a careful lianscripl of ihe whole com- 
position, made from the edition of 
l62Q, which professes lo be " newly 
corrected, and of many errors purged." 
Shakspeare had previously been sneered 
at in the epistle preiiKcd to Greene's 
" Arcadia," and the reader will not 
fail here lo notice Ihc pnlpnble hit at 
the Shake-sernc,—\\\e " vpstan Crow 
beaulilied wilh our feBlheri,'' as he is 
eiyleil in allusion to his remodelling 
, . the plays of " King John," " Heury 

ondsiyledHenry VI.), is almost ei|ually the Sixth,'' and other compositions of 
1 and I feel confident thai the ihejunia, a proceeding which appears 
' ially exciled their anger. 

t of Ihe Shrew. 

ndronicus," and perhaps 
also proccedetl from his 

inly in particular passages, 
: the languaiie is verbaiim ihc 
same as in his aclinnwiedged works, 
but in the general lone of ilinught and 
mode of expression, the incessant clas- 
sical allusions, introduced, as it would 
seem, merely lo display the writer's 
learnings and, iu short, in every marked 
eliaracleristic ofMarlowa's style, the 
resemblance is so ilriking, that 1 think 
no one who lakes ihe trouble lo ex- 
amine into the subject will hesitate a 

of my opinion. Could I Halter myself 
that the tiipic possessed sulRcient iii- 

in question, in support of what I have 
advanced, 1 should gladly enter U|tun 
ihe task j but, to the majority of readers, 
a furlbcr pursuit of ihe inquiry miglii 
seem merely icdious and unprofitable, 
and therefore 1 detist. 

From the monopoly of ihe Stagp, 
which the writer* jiisl 
appear almost ejtcloiivcly 
joyed for some years pn 
cou.mencement of ShaU 
as a dran)ali«t, they dc 
tmii'h profit 31 wrl\ as reputation ; and 

The succeeding passage In 

" lvg»r'l heart wrapt in a playtfi 

hifie,'' it may |>erbaps be necessity lo 

Patiiii. Act i. be. 4, ofilie latter piece, 

" O tygsr'i heart, wrspp'd ia ■ nrntnan's 

" TothmtGcnileMm, tiiiqmmdamaeipimKt' 
anit, Ihal 'P'"^ 'A'lr ti'iii in making 
Flayrt, R. G. mahtiK a Ixttir txerdtc, aiid 

" [f wofull e«p«;oBCe mij mnuo na 
(GeQll*RWn) l« baware, or iDhevd-vf 
wnccliedoMse intitst yuu to uka he*d, I 
doubt DDl bill joa will lookc l>uke with 
larroi' on yuur time put, and riuleuaur wltli 
npeatuu to spead thu vliicli it to eoow. 
Woadcr DOC, (for wlUi t1x« »ill 1 first be- 

finnr) ihou limoui gracec of TngwIiaBi 
MiHLOWl], llut Greene, nho huh uid, 
Willi iHh, like y fool id hii l>«n, Tlitrt u 
no God/ ilioulJ now giue glory vdio bis 
cr«>tani* : for, {wnnlnting it lii> pnwcr, 


of tt 

kspcare's cartel 

araoee iiju, 

aad 1 haiH leit. Ha ii a God that can 
punish <D«mlei. Whj ahoiild th* (leellent 
wit, his gift, U so Uiadad, tliat tb'nu thauld- 
est glu* no glory to ibi giuet? li it pesli- 
lent MaehiauiliaB polllaia that thou hast 
studied? O punish [qu. mulish ?] (iillj ! 
What ue bis ELulet, but nuere conrned 

• therefore be readily imagined _, ^ _ 

n llie scene of tlw geoeiMion ol luwiVii^i Van, « Si 


Life and IVtUingi of Christophe 

inigUt intn 


tolo, lie iulto, hold ia (hcM tlimt ar« able 
commud, uid If it bf Ivtfull, Fa 
ta doc ujchiog th*t ii benejici 
Tjruuiliould piMUiiielliicsicU; indtbe;, 
itriuing to nntd in tjraaiij, ihould ech iii 
olbcr be B tllugbwrRBii i lill, theraightiHt 
0iU-l<uiD|-sl1, ORB ■truku wen liFl For duth, 
thM iD una age mao's life tbuuld ami. TJie 

' Marlowe. 

>I your nre «1t 

>fiUble COUFHI 

•ft and, tl>' 

Brolhcr [qa. biaiohar or bntliar ?] of tLii 

Biut«ri' fur, il i< pi 

Dwbollcall Alheiima !• dtad, and ia hli lirs 

wit> .bould b» lubit 

hid MiMt tba fdieiij he aymed tti but, « 

he begione Id l!^mf^ liued in fnre, «nd eD<led 

" 1b thi., 1 might 

both luue writ t^nim 

ud^a/ TbU K»ird«rer of miDj Bmlinn 

tlemen; Lut, let tl** 

vilDeiie iguot thei 

ti the plei. 

betrayer of hito that gaue hit life fur him, 
ioheriLed (be portion nf Judai; [hit apoitaia 
periihed ai ill ai Jalian. And, »ilc thou, 
rnj Friend» be hi> Diiciple i LnukQ voto 
nr, by hiin periHHled to that Liberty, and 
tboD ahalt Gflde it bd Inferaall BaDdage ! I 
know tlie kait of my demerita merit this 
miacnbiB death i bnt> oilfiill WriuipE aniait 
kooin* inith, eueedeih all the tem.ri of 
Bj •oal*. DffrTTt not (wiih mt) tiU Ihis 
hit payil of rxlremily ; ran, I.1TTL1 Know- 

'■ With due, I ioyns young Juuenill 
[Loose} that blliflg Sityrlit, that laiily 
[qu. iMely .'] Kith nre tajtriher writ a Co- 
medy. tSiiut boy, might t aduiie ther, be 
•duiiM), and gel not many tneniiet by bilt«i 
■ordi ! loueighagaiiiitviipB men ! fur. thnu 

weU. Thou'haat a liberty to leproie all, b 
nan* mmi (or, one heiug ipoken to, all 

ininted. Stop ihatlow vatfr; iiiJljruBDing, 
it >i]J nge. Tread on a wiirnu', and it will 
tuiaa. Then, blame not Solinlleri, who are 
Teied with iliarpc and bitwr linn, if they 
reprnone thy loo much liberty of leprcwfe. 
'• And thim, [NllHJ no lelK dMeiuiog 

theie huckram gaM 
owne works lerue M 
iwoB wickedneiie, )| 
they peneuBf Lo maintains any more iiu^ 
pcauDti. For other new coalmen, I IcmbB 
them Id the mercy of these ualnted mo4^ 
<ter<, »ho (I doubt oot) wilt diiue the bettt 
minded Co depite them i for the real, !t tVlt 
Bot though they make a int at them. J 

" But now, retuine I agaiae to you thiTiJ . 
knowing my miiery ii to you no newea i tu^ 
let me heartily increat yoo to be narned b* 
my harmei ■ Delight not (aa I haue done] i* 
ineligifMji oaihi ; fur, from the blai|>hemei> 
hou» a curia >hall not ilepart! OeipM 
drunkensei, which waiMih the wit, & raaket^ 
men all equal votu beaiti ! flie luit, » di* 
dealh'i-uian cif the loule ; and ieSh not tU 
trmple of the Holy Ghoei ! Abhor thoatf 
epicares, whuie luoie life hith made reliuioA 

•ouLh you with termei of mailenhip, rt& 
DiemUrr, Rohcit Orcene, vhom they hanfr 
ofUD lo flattered, periihei now fur wnnt Af 
comfon I Remember, gentlemen, your liairf 
are like to many light lapcn, that are with 
care deliuered to all of yiiu to nii"riim| 
Theie, with mind-puft wiaih, may be es- 
tinguitlied; with druukeuuene put out) 
with negligence let fall -. for. mu/, time of 
'■■■"' t, but Jl ii more ihcHW 

- - - -:i.ml5 

t little 

, (a. myelft) 
e 1 to lay 

I. Iw 

IT linne. The fire uf my light ii 
l»t laulTe, &L the want of where 

iti ther< 

1 iwear by iweat St. George, 
Uiou art Tua'orthy batter hap, tith thou 
<Iep«od«l on >D mean a itay. Baie-minded 
men, all thtre of you, if by my mitery 
}*e b« oot warned i fur tdIu oodb of you 
(Ilka me] Km^ht ihue bun to cleauer 
ibuu Puppeti (1 mean] ilist ipeak ftum our 
moulbai ihoie Anticks, gacniihi in our co- 

dkej bI bane lieene beholdine. — i« it not 
fiha, tliae you, to whom they all haue becne 
Wbolding, iliall (war* yee in tliat caae tlut 
I Ua bow) be hflth, of them, at ODce for- 
mIwb? y«! tnui ihem not! for, thera 
>• U vptcart Crnw, beaulilied with our l'~e«- 
thatf, ^t, with hii Tygei'i htarl, icrapl I'n 
• Pbife'i la/de, luppuin be i> aa wel able 
U bombait out a hlank vene, u tht beat uf 
r*»f md. being ma tbfilutB JoAaanrs fat 

t feed on. 
to luck wtake 


Well, my hand ii lyred i & 1 am forti't ttf 
ioaue, where I would begin i for, a wh^ 
Iwoke canunt enniaino (he wronoi which X 


wtfs It dying. 

' ytat should hW, tfiouA 

failed □ritsdueeii'cc^and tlialGi 
imprtssiie sdmonilion had no inf 
upon his rtclilcas com^iiTivotti'w. ,. .^, 
or. if al a\l i\iouj\\\ o^,-wBA(\vi\t'*\^ W- 
EUlten. Whal a VomcVhi^ voveteW. * 


Paraphrau on Zeehariah, Chap. x. 


Marlowe, by the reflection that the 
fulBhnent of hit prediction followed 
hard upon its delivery, at if the ex- 
piring rake had been gifted with a 
foresight of that terrible judgment 
which was destined speedily to over- 
whelm the partner of his debaucheries ! 

*< The sunset of life give him lore. 
And coming events cast their shadows before!*' 

His exhortation, however, upon 
which much stress has been laid as 
conclusively deciding the question of 
Marlowe's scepticism, and which in 
truth tells more strongly against him 
than all the suspicious narratives hand- 
ed down to us by the Puritans, will 
appear, when attentively considered, 
and when allowance is made for the 
hyperbolical strain in which it is com- 
posed, to be nothing more than such 
an anxious warning as mi^ht well be 
addressed by a repentant dymg rake to 
bis dissolute companions in guilt, even 
though the said companions were not 
. professed blasphemers and atheists. 
We find, moreover, from Chettle's 
«' Kind Harts* Dreame," }5Q2, that 
Marlowe was deeply offended by 
Greene's address : but would this have 
been the case with an avowed and 
shamele<tt sceptic, such as he has been 
desciibed? A man who prided himself 
on his atheism and debauchery, would 
have been quite indifferent about the 
charge, or would rather have gloried 
io iu James Broughton. 

(7b be eontinutd,) 

Mr. Urbaw, March 3. 

YOUR obliging reception of my 
former contribution, emboldens 
me to offer you my attempt to para- 
phrase the chanter next in succession 
of the Prophet zlechariah. It is not so 
rich in iu allusions as the preceding, 
but it furnishes valuable subjects for 
reflection. It contains what may in- 
duce us to believe that if the Jewish 
nation be now very near the eve of 
some great event occurring in their 
favour, the ill-judged endeavours of 
certain advocates are not calculated to 

I promote it. That our House of Par- 
iament should exhibit as motley an as- 
sembly as the Royal Exchange, cannot 
be the wish of any true-born English- 
man. But it is of more serious im- 
portance to consider that a permission 
or encouragement to that people to 
str/ke a deeper root in our soil, may 
be inconsistent with the promises made 
to them in the Jewish Scriptures, and 
w/ir not to be desired by any who 
were in them. The accomplished 

Member for Oxford has already shown 
himself to be on the alert on this 

SueStion. I wish our self-termed Philo^ 
udeans were equally clear-sighted. 

Zechariah. — Chap. x. 
YiT are their prayers required : ask of the 

And He shall give yon fertilizing raiM ; 
The former which may cause the seed to swell. 
And burst, and germinate ; and showers in 

To fill the tender blade, and o'er your pnstares 
To spread the mantle of luxuriant herhase. 
Not so your Idols — for how vain weir 

False were the words tbey utter'd by dlviaars. 
Who bade yon trust in dreams false as theoH 

selves ; 
And visions of fufuri^ misled yon. 
Twas therefore as a floek without a guide, ' 
A prey to terrors, or in lewd excess 
Ye indulged, and fell o*er steepe, or loosely 

revell'd : 
Hence I chastis'd these goats i my fury kindled 
'Gainst those who paraper'd them ; bat the 

house of Judah, 
My sheep, I visited, I strengthened them. 
And made them as a warhorse in the field. 
From them shall issue forth a valiant leader,* 
On whom they may depend, skill'd in the bow« 
And follow'd by a powerful ehampion-traln. 

Thus, too, in later times, under my fiivow^ 
Shall tliey be strong in fight; opposing 

Shall they dispene, and trample in the mire. 
And Joseph will I save, his House rmtore 
As though I had not cast tliem off; in merer 
rU hear them as they call on me, their Ood. 
Yea, scatter'd Ephraim shall be miglny, be 
More numerous, more diapers *d, now wasing 

strong, [chiUrea, 

As one whom wine hath hearten*d ; yea, his 
As they behold mv deeds, shall bless tnelyftd. 
Io distant Ksnds though they be thickly seat- 

ter'd, pnemaso 

As grain in seed-time, though they yield 
An hundred-fold, yet will I gather them 
From £gypt, from Assyria : through die bad 
Of ocean and of Jordan a dry patli 
Shall open to admit them on their way : 
I '11 sorely bruise the pride of every power 
That would detain them, when I turn again 
My people who remember me. The signal 
For their recall shall be that hissing sign 
On which my Servant, in the wilderness. 
Bade Israel look ; — ^for the uplifted Saviour 
Hath their redemption sealed. They and 

their children 
In Sion shall again enjoy repose- 
Shall spread on Lebanon, o'erpeople Gilead ; 
Scarce shall the land suffice to hold their 

Yea ! saith the Lord, the blessing of my naaM 
Shall give them strength, and my directing 

Shall gaUys iKeVr wjcVn VnAoeenc^ ssdi^mm. 

XoOTV Ice. J^.» 

n ^vtAaalAicciiSweua. 

( M5 ] 

Til Lift "f MnJuT-Gentnl ."^ir Tiomai 
Munn. Bml. a»d K. C. B. laU Cn'tmor 
vfMedrai, •uiCH Exlracii/roia hv. Corre- 
ipimdena and Primtle Papen- By Ihi 
Rtv. G. R. Glelg. a ivU. s™. Colbum 
ud B«nll»)r. 

1''HE lire of 8 milimry man, whine 
proffuional caieer for neaily Rfiy 
ytara wai confined lo an Indian em- 
pire, doct nol appear on a firs! rmprrs- 
tion W ptoniise much ihat would sa- 
liify ihe curinsiiy of lUe soldier, or in- 
lerest ihe feelings of ihe gtnerai rtailcr. 
Two octavo tolomes would be a 
uarlling announcement, even were ihe 
subject of ihe biographer more fami- 
liar 10 our ean than ibe apathy whieh 
heloDM lu Briiiih India will permit 
my of her hernei and staleamcn lo be. 
The« were our first thoughts on open- 
" ins the volumes before ns ; snd it will 
be nn lest our pleasure than our duly 

from the mindi of ibose who shall lake 
up the Life of Sir Thomas Munra : for a 
more Ttluahle addition to the recorded 
livM of British worthies, has nnl been 
prctented, than that which forms the 
fuhjeci of out prrtcnl notice. To those 
who are looking forwaril with so much 
anxiety lo ihc iniciilions of our Legis- 
lature, as it Tesptcts the tencwnl uf the 
E»H India Compnv's charier, ample 
materials will here be furnished fur a 
better acquaintance with ihe bcarinjis 
rf this imporiont question, while to 
ihe y<)«>>K "''** "^ about 10 enter, or 
arc already encaged in the puhlicservice, 
the recon'led life of Sir Thomas Munro 
leaches ibis iiii| leiion, that 
" there is no priie bcyonil the grasp of 
talent, piovided il be accompanied by 
iniluiiry, and a strictly honourable 
conduct." . . 

Sir ThotUDs Muiiro enlereil the 
utviee of the Company with no ex- 
traordinary recooi mend at ions, as a ca- 
det J hit course was one of undcvtniing 
honour ami iiHeerity ; and he died Go- 
»emof of Modrus. ll is no answer to 
onr pro posit Ion, to say thai " the race 
is not Biwaji to the swifi, nor the 
haiile to the strouR." We know thai 
honouii and rewntds have been pourod 
on ihr heaili of th« unworthy, but we 
rontciid that no one whose beginnint-s 
were in humble life. ei«r gr.idiiBird 
GiBT. M.a. M,rrh, l»a«. 

iisiness, wn«j 
a>e 10 acccnT 

■ted, we ihinK* 
into anoihet'^ 

with love and respect in ihc object of » 
I'jr/uoui ambition, whose course, amidrt' 
danger*, difficulties, and temptation^ 
did not lie in the manly path of h(^' 
nourable industry, and »base"doin^ 
were nol ordereu" by virtue and iru '' 

Sir Thomas Miiuto was boin 
Glasgow, 1761. He was'the son of M, 
respectable merchant, and wasdesiic 
for the same calling. At school 
had given indications of those mn 
and personal gifia for which be t 
throughout life distinguished ; and tht^ 
failure of his father in business, whell; 
young Munro 

uf an appointment, diverted, 1 
fortunalely, his talents uilo 
channel. He was appointed ii 
detcy, and in 1779 quined home, " R 
solitary adventurer, 10 push hii waj 
through life." 

To follow Mr. Gleig. with anything 
like minuteness of detail, ihrouiih itM 
course uf the busy and honourable lin|^ 
he has narrated with so much lidelit]^ 
would fat exceed our lioiits. We wl|^ 
content ourselves, afier sirongly recotlH 
mending the tolomes 10 general pa* 
Tusal, wilh selecting, as we piocee4t 
passages inleresiina in themielvn, or 
illusirativc of the habits and churact*^ 
of British India. .< 

The maiden campaign of Mnni a 
was a brisk one. He arrived in Indift 
at the beginning of 1780. In June of 
ihe same year he joined the army «« 
ing againjl Hydcr Ally, one of ill 
most aiisoloie monarclis and consim 
mBte geiicrils of his age. He sbar« 
the glories and reverses of this arm] 
il the definitive ireaiy wilh Tipp« 

in I7B4. 

The following letter 10 his raoihei) 
wTtlten about the year 17^7. is io.g 
bejuiiful strain of filial affection : < 
" Desr Msdani, Tajijorr, XOIhfFuB. 17»* 

•■ Tliiiugli my sUaatloD is not such ir) 
might h«»« especleJ, lud Sir Evre CrioH 
Inii, ycl 1 Hill look forwsrd »Uli ba|«, 
dfiiislr uf seeing it hciKrnl. 
io( 1 lisve for repioipg, ii mj 

.J .„ Miix mj« u I -i.h, (lid 

the h^fiog th.l your .plriti .r> so n.ucli 
.ff»cMd bj the l»i of his fortune. Yei I 
cUDot hut tliink chit you hsve many raunm 
for rejo'iciac. NoDt of your rbildiea bar* 
Wo taken from JOB i and ihoosh they ca- 

1*he only « 


Ubvibw. — Gleig*s Life of Sir Thomas Munro, [March^ 

■ot put you in a state of affluence, they can 
place you beyond the reach of want. The 
time will come, I hope, when they will be 
able to do more, and to make (he latter days 
of your life as happy as the first. When I 
compare your situation nhith that of most 
mothers whom 1 remember, I think that 
you have as little reason for grieving as any 
of them. Many that are rich, are unba|ipy 
in their families. Ttie loss of fortune is but 
a partial evil ; you are in no danger of expe- 
riencing the much heavier one— of having 
imthankful chihlreD. The friends that de- 
serted you with your fortune were unworthy 
(jf your societ) i those that deserved your 
friendship have not forsaken yon. 

•' Alexander and I have agreed to remit 
ay &ther 100/. a year between os. If the 
arrears which I^>rd Macartney detained are 
|iaid, 1 will send 900/. in the course of the 
year 1786. John Napier will tell you the 
reason why it was not in my power to send 
more.*' — i.p. 67. 

The movenients of both armies, on 
the renewal of the war with Tippoo, 
are given with singular vigour and 
animation in letters to his father. 
These descriptions unite all the best 
aoalities of a military historian, and 
uiey will form invaluable documents 
for future writers on Indian campaigns. 
To give any specimen by which to 
judjge of their merits, would be impos- 
sible; they are too ciosiely connected 
for separation. 

« The following extract," says Mr. 
Gleig, "from Letters addressed to his 
brother on his first arrival in India, 
deserves to be studied by all voung men 
when 6rst starting into life.'' 

*< Though 1 am, in many respects, a 
greater boy than you; yet, as 1 have had 
the start of you in this country, [ will ven- 
ture to give vou some hints. Do not 
wonder at any thine you see ; or if you do, 
keep it to yourself. Do not pester people 
with questions alxjut me, fc. men in general 
are as much disgusted with hearing a person 
talk of his relations as of himself. My 
father says you are diffident. I rejoice to 
hear it ; fur it is a fiiult more easily cor- 
rected than forwardness. You have no 
reason to be alarmed at what is called launch- 
ing out into the world. A little experience 
will convince you, that it is composed 
neither of wiser nor of better people than 
you have seen in small circles. Play tour 
own character without affectation, and be 
assured that it will soon procure you friends. 
Do not distrust your own medial skill ; if 
yuu do, yon are a wonderful doctor. In 
this country, a good understanding, sound 
principles, and consistency of character, 
will do more for you than a thousand disco- 

veries concerning muscular motion.'* — i. 
p. 139. 

In 1792 a treaty of peace was signed 
with Tippoo, and Mr. Munro passed 
from the military to the civil service.. 
From the general ignorance of the 
Coinpan^s servants, of the languag;e 
spoken in the ceded provinces. Lord 
Cornwallis was compelled to make 
choice of military men for the collect* 
ing of the revenue, and for the parpose 
of reconciling the inhabitants to their 
new masters. Amongst those selected^ 
from his knowledge of the eastern 
dialects, was Mr. Munro, and we find 
him, until 1799>cng3(Scdin civil occu- 
pations. His letters to his family dur- 
ing this period, contain descriptions of 
Indian habits, manners, customs, and 
superstitions, in the highest degree in- 
structive and amusing. With a mind 
vigorous in the extreme, and neithei 
enervated by climate nor emasculated 
by indulgence, he looks around him 
with the eve of a Christian, a philo- 
sopher, and a statesman, and descrihcs 
what he sees with a clearness and pre- 
cision, indicative at once of the strength 
of his talent and the soundness of liis 

In 1807* as Colonel Munro, he re- 
turned to England, after a residence in 
India of seven and twenty years, during 
which period he had been actively em- 
ployed either as a miliury or civil of- 
ficer. He had discharged more arduous 
and important duties than ever before 
fell to the share of a British functionary 
in the East, and his talents both for 
business and war were acknowledged 
on all hands to be of the verv highest 
order. This is the eulogy ot his bio- 

grapher, and it is more than justified 
y the narrative of his services. 

During the residence of Col. Munro 
in England, he was called upon to 
cive evidence before the House of 
Commons; and of all the witnesses ex- 
amined on the question of a renewal 
of the CoinpinV's charier. Colonel 
Munro is stated to have made the 
deepest impression on the House, " by 
the comprehensiveness of his views, 
by the promptitude and intelligibility 
of his answers, and by the judgment 
and sound discretion which charac- 
terized every sentiment to which he 
gave utterance." 

A very able paper was also drawn 
up by Colonel Munro on this im- 
portant subject, and it is peculiarly 
worthy of perusal at the present mo* 


Review.— Gleigs Life of .Vir Thomas Mur 

tntni, when ihesameqneilian iiabnut 
to be Rgiutetl in Parliatneni. Bui he 
wi* too valuable a itrvani lo he per- 
milledlo rciiinin in England. He wsi 
placed at the head of a cotninigsion lo 
inquire inlo ilie defecuof ilie judicial 
tytlcm of India; and in 1814 (having 
marrieil] he returned lo his atdnoui 
Ubours in the Ebm. 

The comiiiiision lo which Oilonel 
Munro wai ap|ioinied, afier some op- 

riiion. had ju*l began to nci, when 
|gl6awar»'iih Ihc Malir.iiiaj, the 

, wai deiermir 
many (liiappnintmcnta, fur his civil 
services were too impoilanl lo be re- 
[inijuished, he was apnginied in ilic 
cnmrnand of ■ brigade in the army nf 
the Deccan, under Sir T. Hi»lo|.. 
With what ikill, L-Duragc, and wnat 
ciiylhi* command wn ri>ir>lled, ii is 
nnnecfsaary to rt|)cai. The war was 
brouK^l to ■ luccenrd issue, and tha 
rullowlng cJo()^ient tribute in the lu- 
Irnlt and services of General Miinm. 
tpokeo by Mr. Canning in ihc Hoiite 
of Coinmoni, will enplain at once ilie 
nature of ihofc services, and record 
ihe roeriii of ibis brave officer in lan- 
guage » elegant as It is just. 

" Al (tw (Mthcra eilrctnity of tliis lung 
Gne of opcruloiu, uil In a part of iht 
tamtnign onud aa in ■ dlitrict fu From 
public giu> and irithiMiI the opporlunitid 
ot evij tapccial notici, hu eraplojed a man 
whow name I ihouM indeed hive kacn lorry 

Colonel Timmu Muaro, ■ seDlIeoitD of 
-lion cue q<..tificati'>Di the Ute House of 
CDumoBt had oppottunicio of judgiue at 
ihrlr bu, oD the rtaewal of tbe Kail India 
Companv"! charter, and tlian whom Eorope 
never produced a more accoaiplislied itaies- 

•khlful loldlir. ' Thb eentleimn. •rhoM ne- 

ed to him, or Uken bj uiaulE, on Ml vi. j 

--■• ■'-'--■■ ---telroU 


force. IvKiageverj' ihinc «ein« and inoquH 
Uliind bim. Thi. result speaks man tliaa 
could be loM b, any minute and eitanded 
eommiOIar).."— 1. p. S05. 

In January laig, Gcneml nnd Mr», 
Munro embiirked for England, where 
ihey arrived al the end of June. After 
a residence of a few vrccks, he waa re- 
called from Scotland by a noiicc of hit 
■- - the Govrrumeni of Ma- 

rl ras, J 

: Hun. Hub 


miliurr nature, mt calloJ **r)y in 
la nercitr ahilltiei wliicb, ih'iuRli i 
bad ant miKd f<on> disuse. He » 

t sulijiigiled bj arm, ha maiiaffd 

BBber <f fnttrCHtt taken. 

Elliot. " Had his private feeling been 
contulicd," says Mr. t'leig, "iherc il 
rcMOn to believe tbai he would have 
di'clinrd Ihc apgioinlment ; hut Sir 
Tiiomas Mnnro was not in ihe habit 
ofobeyini; hia own inclinations, when 
n sense nfduiy Etuod opposed to ihem ; 
and liiidinff thai his acceptance of 
office was looked to wiih anxiety by 
men of all panics, he did nui refuse >L 
His departure was celebrated wiUi the 
usual ;ietiimonies of rcsprci, by the 
Court of Directors, ami in the Decem- 
ber of the year he had returned, he 
emharkcd n third liirie for India, sc- 

life of this exemplary man must be 
necessarily brief. During ihe (wrioil 
in which he held the high and re- 
sponsible office of Governor of Madrai, 
his lime nnd lalcnis were devoted lo 
increase the comforts and respectabililj' 
of ihe European servants of the Com- 
pany. His published minutes on these 
nihjects are models of official supcrin- 
icni'ance nnd of pternal care. 

Upon iliciwo great qncsiions, of ihe 
freedom of ihe press io India and the 
conversion of the natives, we have hii 
recorded opinions al some length ; he 
holds the former as utterly ineompaii- 
ble wiih the conlinunnce of our aolho- 
rity in the East ; and his arguments we 
Ibinkareunanswerable. On the subject 
of conversion, while he objects lo the 
lent of ll 
illeelors and magisiTatei, 
and as teachers of religion, he does' 
not opimsc the labours of those mis-' 

duced Under the JniinediiH eje of Geoetal 
Monro himself nceeded the nnmlirr of 
nine ; and if others ciplurFil trader hil 

««« Rbvibw.— «leig*s Lift of Sir Thomas Munro. [March, 

tiouari«f who have been tent out by 
the diflferent Earopean Govern roentt. 

« These mea (he mft) vitrt every pert of 
the couDtiy, end pursue their labour* with- 
out the smallest hindrance, and as they have 
BO power, they are well received every where. 
In order to dispose the natives to receive 
our instruction, and adopt our opinion, we 
must first gain their attachment and confi- 
dence, and this can only be acc«iroplished 
by a pure adroioistration of Justice, by mode- 
rate assessment, resjiect fur their customs, 
aod general good government.'*— ii. p. 44. 

There was no department into which 
Sir T. Munro did not carry a wise su- 
|>erintendance, and hia administration 
may be distinguished as embracing 
those principles which he had so care- 
fully laid down. He was essentialiy a 
practical man. 

f We have no space for extracts, but 
hit letters addressed to various mem- 
bers of the Government at home, ex- 
hibit the finest illustrations of his 
statesmanlike and philanthropic views. 
India was again in a state of pro- 
found repose, and again the heart of 
Sir T. Munro yearned towards his na- 
tive land. The Burmese war, how- 
ever, suspended this intention, and in- 
duced him to recall the resignation he 
had sent home. His correspondence 
with Lord Amherst during the conti- 
nuance of this war, shows the zeal with 
which he entered into every arrange- 
ment ; and the votes of thanks which 
followed the close of hostilities, are the 
best proofs of the manner in which his 
services were appreciated. It was dur- 
ing this period ihat a second son was 
born to him. The illness of this child 
induced Lady Munro to embark wiih 
her infant for England, and the pa- 
rents never met again. 
But we must hasten to a close. 

•' On the day when the signing of the 
definitive treaty was communicated to the 
Madras Government, he dispatched not 
fewer than six copies of a letter in which 
his extreme impatience to resign u£5ce was 

During the interval that elapsed he 
formed the unfortunate resolution of 
visiting his old friends in the ceded 
districts. The season was unpropi- 
tious, and the cholera was raging; and 
to this disease he fell a victim. 

We will not attempt to injure the 
simple statement of Mr. Gleig: he 
writes as follows: 

•' It was now one o'clock in the day, and 

ht» puJse being still full and good, sanguine 

Aopeg ntre encouraged that all might »iill 

he well ; but firom that time he failed ra- 
pidly, and the fiears of his friends and at- 
tendants became severely excited. About 
three, however, he rallied, and feeling bet- 
ter, exclaimed with atone of pecufiar sweet- 
ness, < that it was almost worth while to be 
ill, in order to be so kindly nursed." Be- 
tween three and four, no event of hnport- 
ance occurred, except that be repeatedly al- 
luded to the trouble which he gave, and 
urged the gentlemen around him to with- 
draw ; but soon after four, he himself re- 
marked that his voice was growing weaker, 
and his sense of hearing more acute. These 
were the last articulate words he uttered, 
for the disease increased rapidly upon him ; 
and though fiiint hopes were more than 
once entertained, owing to the appearance 
of ceruin favourable symptoms, for the ap- 
prehensions that accompanied them there 
was too much eround. Sir Thomas Munro 
Ibffered till half-past nine in the evenine> 
and then fell asleep."— U^. «0d. 

A character of Sir Thomas Munro, 
affecting, from the simple elegance of 
the language, and vindicated in its eu- 
logy by the und^viaiine rectitude of 
his life, has been given by Mr. Gleig. 
We would willingly extract it, but we 
must content ourselves with congmtu- 
lating England, India, his family, and 
friends, in having possessed so eminent 
a man, both in public and private life, 
as Sir T. Munro, and who, more for- 
tunate than many of the great and 
good, has found in Mr. Gleig a biogra^ 
pher who could appreciate his talents, 
discriminate each shade of his public 
and domestic life, and build up, if we 
niay so s|)eak, from scattered materials 
of his virtues and talenU, an imperish- 
able monument to his memory. 

How well Mr. Gleig has executed 
his task, the lucid arrangement and the 
connecting; narrative bear ample testi- 
mony. To the historian the Life of 
Sir Thomas Munro will be an invalu- 
able guide, and an unerring light in 
his researches in British India: nor 
can we conceive a more valuable pre- 
sent that could be made to young men 
about to embark in the public service 
of their country, than the volumes 
which have been the subject of our 
imperfect notice. 

The Appendix is a collection of va- 
luable papers, which will amply re- 
ward a diligent perusal. 

Coruolaiiom in Travel i or the lasi Days qf 
a Philosopher, By Sir Humpluy Davy, 
Bart, late President qfthe Royal Society. 
l6mo, pp, 981. 

THEUE were times when the study 
of pb\\o«o^\\\c^\ v9oxVw% concerning the 

Bw.— Sir R. Davj'a Comolatiuni in Travel. 21 

19 eipecially recoin- «.ulu of cbfminl irli, you will find D 


oprrauon ol circumjunce., and itie „g^ ^f ii,in. „i„u.|.. To ■h,w.« „r( 

pt»Clicablerirdwofim|)roveiiienl, vety of tin iliinn of modern limn jnaaatront 

Viluable. For be it recollected (and it eye; jou »U1 End mukt oT iD|wriniUy and 

i) not our own idea) ihal ihc way lo impinTemeDt i nnd the rciulu of inullcctuil 

acquire wiidom is lo study circiini- [sbanr. or of icicatiiic gtoiui, ira pemi- 

tlBiico, to collect evitlence, and deter- mm *b4 Innpible of being loit. Munirchi 

(Dine by U. Bui in the present day, chmoge tliiir plmni; Govern meot» their oh- 

ihcotLili who want lo carry ceiiain po- i"'^^ I™* ■ V''" "' "■'•' "ouclied hj the 

lilical Innovalioni (In fact lo ovenliiow ""gMt- pteterrei id cluneur for ever. >nd 

the Church), have made the public ■""""•«> to"- tbe domioioo of ih, incl- 

prt>« > merry andrew of mounteba.,ks ; ™,™?- r^ ~", Tl^^^JT''^^ 

_j IT .„, J„ U..:^.. Miliar <i,.,r.r, "'"' "™i" """> '"■ thorei of tba Baltic 

ftc. ate. are nerer quoted Philojo- ,hefollo-er. of M.hom.i>r«j he broteo in 

phen, by deductions from hiitory, have p;,™ (,j a norlhera penple, aod the domi- 

lolll ns what was practicable, and what oioa of the Biitoni ia Ada, may ih*re tba 

not. They hare poured money Into bCe ofthit ofTarnetlanaorZenghit Khanj 

our purses (ticam, machinery, Sic.) lint the tteam-boat vhiehaioenda Ibe Dela- 

sud ailtidolei to death into our headi, ware or the St. Laoreooe will Iw continued 

a> in the Taccitle, and the saTcly-laiop t" ''« uied, aod will carry tb« ciiiliiitioii of 

(»r tile tihiloiopher before us. " improved people into [he deseru of North 

Compare ibe results of fanalicisra Amenta, and into the wild* of Canada. In 

with Iboje of philosophy. The for- 'V," ™"«>«"> '""^7 <>' *^» -"'U, » ""i- h» filled the conu.ry with such P'"", ''J, ""J"" iT"™' ' .' """r"" '^ 

i„.erpre.a.ions of the Holy Bible a, ^;rcht"Sl^lr■d7VdV-t;vtt^ 

intuit ihe wisdom of the Altnigiiy; „, „„^f „fe„ed .j/i,,, n, ,„,„i„„ 

but what hn» the Inller produceiK — ohiefi, heroei, or thelrarmiri, wbicli do in 

results nnproaching aininst lo um*- &ei uriginaW from eutitelT differtol cauiei, 

CtBB. Take lis esam|ili;j: either rf an intel!*cldal or mnril nature. 

"The pnctieal reiulu of Ihe progreti of Owemmrnti depend far more th»n i> geae- 

phytica, cheniixn, and mechame., are of rally inppoied upon the ^opinion nf the pM- 

•Dcienl world, are uaai[iorted by the HiniU i Hum|)hry was One of ihcm,, . _ 

aodapieee ofiteel touched by the magnet, blessings lo ibe humnn rare. In- 

pointa lu the mailner hii unerring coune ,|fad of diriiiniihing the comforli of 

from llie old to the new world i and by the man, by way of improving his r jrliie, 

•aerlioaa of one manof geniut, aided bv the j| augments iherr, btcaute ns people,.„™.ljf,.»ll,l«..l».. 8 S«pnn.t„ J cmmomclioll, .„ 
imsiioed. hu bcea ceneraied and ariplied . , r ' ■'""' 

»E .11 the ma-l-ioery of active life- """f ^O"""'!''"""''? "*''="l«|. "' »"■ 

the .team-enitine .«rf.irn>. not only the la- per.tiliously c her shed ; but ,f it be 

hour of hofiei hot of man, by combiim- 'rue, »» It undoubtedly Is. that (here 

tiinuwhich.ppear.Imo.tpM.e.Kdofiqiel- are unknown laws of Provldenee, by 

licence, wi|-goiii are moved Lf it, Gooitmc- which things are rrgulaleit, then ihc 

tioa>m>de,Tfitelicauwdtaperformvii]iagea anecdote, soon lobe rrlaleil, willshow 

ia oppDiiiion to wind and tide, and a power that there is a certain portion of fnilb 

placed in human haad> whiob leetna almotc to be attached to ghost slorlo, which 

untloiied. To theie ouvel aud .till aalend- i, not unphilosophTcal. The exillence 

lag linproveneiits may be added otlien, g( unknown laws of Prnvidencc is 
■fiicb, though of a teeondnry kind, jet ma- ^^^ (if ■^ ,„uirei proof) by the fol- 

teriallyafTMiibecoiofortaoflde; iheeol- f„,„L,,„ V.-,. 

eomlnuliiio, and upplj'ng (hero lo ai to il- " Tlierc ippein nothing more accideoul 

laminate, hy ■ lioplo nwraliun, hooMS, tliao llie sea of atiMart, -leVtaJi,"; m^ ^rt«. 

tUrttt, t«J t>rn fitiei. Ifynu look to t!ie cilj or any pto^in«. ani ■piM'KiWWi iSwV 


n all diiimct, would require a compari- pp- .li-Si. 

of wciont end niodiro ■t>tr> i >hipt Now philosophers, when unt 

were moved by human labonr lo the with hoililily 10 Revelation (ar 

d Si 


RiTiBW.-^ir H. Davy's Cotuolaiions in Travel. [March, 

man like him obviously carry with 
them oathorify QOt merely hiiman» but 
demi-divine, for the last wordt of dy- 
ing people are said to be prophetic. 
He admits the possible immortality of 
the sentient principle, bnt presomes 
that oar souls carry with them to ano- 
ther state only our inteilectoal power. 

tht rtlatioiM of males tod females are imal- 
serabie."-^p. 87. 

Now for the ghost story. 

Sir Humphry, speaking under the 
character of Fhtblethes, says, that 
while he was suffeting under a dsnger* 
oos fever, and was passionately in love 
at the time with a lady who had black 
hair, dark eyes, apd pale complexion, 
a female figure continually haunted 
him, in the mind*s eye, which had 

<*Broirn hair, blue eyes, and a bright 
rosy coaplexioB, and was far unlike any of 
the amatory forms whkh in early youth had 
so ofUn hannted his imagination. ' — p. 70. 

As he became convalescent, the vi- 
sion gradually disappeared ; but, he 


" Ten years afier I had recovered from 
the fever, and when I had almost lost the 
recollection of the vision, it was recalled to 
my memory 1^ a very blooming and grace- 
ful maiden, ronrteen or fifteen years old, 
that I accidentally met during mv travels in 
Illyria t but I cannot say that the impres- 
sion made upon my mind by this female 
was very strong. Now comes the extraor- 
dinary part of the narrative. Ten years af- 
tei^— twenty years after my first illness — ^at 
a time when I was exceedingly weak from a 
severe and dangerous roaliuly, which for 
many weeks threatened my life, and when 
my mind was almost in a desponding state, 
being in a course of travels ordered by my 
medical advisers, I again met the person 
who was the representative of my visionary 
female ; and to tier kindness and care I be- 
lieve I owe what remains to me uf exist- 
ence." — p. 71. 

Now this is ascribed to mere imagi- 
nation, excited by disease ; but though 
events may be prophesied, because they 
are foreseen, now can the identity of 
the figure in the vision with the fe- 
male be so explained? The pheno- 
mena of perception are, as justly ob- 
scH'ed' in p. 214, not explicable by any 
mediate intervention known to us; and 
if not of perception, certainly not of 
anticipation ; yet the existence of pre- 
sentiments is undeniable. " Impon- 
derable agents, such as electricity, 
possess (says Sir Humphry), force 
sufficient to overthrow the weightiest 
struciores ;'* and ** fear could not exist, 
if there was not anticipation.*' Percep- 
tion, therefore, maif be influenced by 
media, of which we have no know- 
ledge, acting u}X)n hope or fear. 

oir Humphry evidently was medi- 
tating; upon the prospect of early dis- 
solution, when he wrote these "his 
/M words.*' The "hsi words" of a 

''You ask me if they have any know- 
ledge or reminiscence of their transitions i 
tell me of your own recollections in the 
womb of your mother, and I will answer 
you. It is the law of Divine Wisdom, that 
no spirit carries with it into another state 
and being, any habit or mental quality, ex- 
cept those which ntay be ecmneeted with its 
new wants or enjoyraenu; and knowledge 
relating to the earth would be no more oae- 
ful to these glorified beings than dieir 
earthly system of organised dust, whieh 
would be instantly resolved into its ulti- 
mate atoms at such a temperature fhe is 
speaking of comets]. Even on the earth, the 
butterfly does not transport with it into the 
air the organs or the appetites of the crawl- 
ing worm fmm which it sprung. There is, 
however, one sentiment or passion which 
the monad or spiritual essence carries with 
it into all its stages of being, and which in 
these hsppy and elevated creatures is conti- 
nually exaked — the love of knowledgn or of 
intelwctoal piiwer, which is in fiuit, in iu ul- 
timate and most perfect developement, the 
love of infinite wisdom and unbounded power, 
or the love of God.**-.-p. 57. 

All this is imaginative. Sir Hum- 
phry knew that man could not {Kwsi- 
hly understand any thing beyond the 
limited sphere of his own being; and 
therefore could have no accurate ideas 
of religion, except by Rcvelhtion. He 
vindicates, however, by philosophy, 
ceruin Scriptural dilficulties, as the 
Judaic prohibition of intermarriage 
with aliens, and the extinction of 
whole nations, in a philosophical man- 
ner, superior even to that of Bishop 
Watson (pp. 39, 8S) ; and he shows 
that the religion of Jehovah, as em- 
bracing the most perfect form of 
theism, and the most refined and 
exalted morality, is that which alone 
is fit for the civilised world. As, too. 
Sir William Herschell believed that 
there is nebulous or luminous matter 
now in the process of forming new 
suns, and as it is evident that the mo- 
derns have produced a far more intel- 
lectual existence than the ancients, 
he is of opinion (p. 280) that genii or 
seraphic intelligences mny inhabit the 
planetary systems, and be the minis- 
ters of the Eternal Mind; and because 
we ki\ow uovhinn^ of the ^ciicrutiuu of 

Biber's Lectarei.—Dimbeny-a Guide lo the Churrh. 

the human being in ihe ordinary eoiirie tif committrs Of mK Sneirr* ca« 
of naiure, to liG .«e» no Jniprobal.jliiy cernfd m /de ™a//^r ftaj orifcrerf In 
n Ihe Idea lh»t an .nlcgraD. pan of h>i A«ndr«rf copie* of (Aal number of (4 
an„»»in! a human pop«- uiAkA u;a> lo contain tie repar 
of ikeir pmcerdingl.- "'■ 

y bare animalnt . 

VVriiinp which prove Revek 

hy PrMJcJence need no praisp, and it 
is 10 philoiophers like Sir Humphry 
Davy and others, nm lo such mere 
pubfic ciirrt a* rtiiialics. that we owe 
the iDcani nf comprehending and ac- 
crediting the Ditine Will in ibe iiisii- 
tution of our religion. 

or the author we can only lay, that 
it ilnetcllcM (fldcKtibe a luniinoiisbody 
viiible to Ihi^ wliole wotlil as a itar ur 



iholo^y, thai a man miRh'l b«aoine 
conticllaiion ; and wliale*er may I 
ihe phyiiihil aliiurdily, il i» ceri*in "-j'- 
thai ihrrc hnve bren preal men whote " Oft 
monory ii nut lets biilliani thuii ihal drawlDg 

In p 959. Dr. Biber Inforfns ut that?" 
ihe Holy Scriptures are turned 
doggreti, hy w»y of an artifi ' 
mory. We will not dingust 1 

er» wiih liij specimens ; but 

»hich the pence lahle ii uu(;ht 
Fani school), may perhaps amuse ihem 
" Fortj peoM »re three and four peace, 
A tiretty taia, ot I'm miitabao. 
Fifty pencvaTC four aad two pence, 
Wtnch will buj fi>e paundi oF Iueoo." 

Of Tea and Bible parties. Dr. Biber 

of llie starry orbs. 

Chriilian Edacalinn, i,t a Course uj LtcKjtt. 

an E. Biber, Fh. D. s™. pp. a«T- 

IT is not uncommon for a man of 
lalcnis 10 be a nalnntl alM) ; and «uch 
a perMn wc take this Dr. Biber to be, 
because he expect* 10 curry a pntnl by 
mere tueer and insult, which only pro- 
volte hmlilily: and because he informs 
ul in p. 143, thai he makes it a rule 10 
»nit(r« ihat of which he thinks better Archdraam 
than of any other '■ thing!" We, Nrw Bdil 
hoMeier, thoaab " gentiles among the '*'*■ "'■"■ 
Lord's people'^^Csee pp. 201, SSfl), Btc THAT 
greatly obliged 10 hiin for conlirming broth, 
our repeated alriclurcs concerning tlie ~~ ' ' 
rollic* now iireialent under the name 
of religion. We shall, from public mo- 
tives, and in our own vindication, ex- 
poM BOme of these. 

We have said thai the puff's of the 
Bible Society, &c. are paid for, aud 
expotutes suppreitcd. In consequence 
of Ihii aSirmalion. a Mr. Tarn, who 
styled birnaelf astiiiani secretary, pub- such thing) 
lithcd a solemn declardti '" ' 


iftheitarld, h 
[he MaaiinDD ler. 
•aaity of tlia misi 
during which Aypom/itn, 
standrr, and all umharilaUeTita, u.<rrr 
dalsfl,—ta cloK tile tcena irartliily, : 

:t of the muter, aail lh«^ 
— -" - a (my join 

That such practices as ibeae, which' 
Ur. Biber exposes, must cause Reason! 

inrclrogade and Religion lo be ridt^ 

many cooks spoil tbea 

s a jiist though homely adage," 

ipplicalion of it to religion, 

that of the preteni day is as full a(t, 

strange ingredients a; tlic cauldron of!| 

the witches in Macbeth. At Icati tha 

intention and r(,craiion of both are, in 

a civil and political view, the same, 

viz. dealing with the deti) and eiok-^ 

ing spirits, which, if ihey are tried, 

inly not of God ; there beinc 


o* TB» SociBTT. (See out Magazine 
fur January lS2g, vol. xcix. p. 81.) 

Now, what sav* Or- Biber! — Be- 
eaite be -pithinJ the Bible Society to 
ewry other relijiioos institution what- 
eier, he lier^hre wrote an article 
^Oinaf it, in a perioilical journal. — 
p. 143. 

Dal iu arlklt teas luppTtntd, avoic- 
f£g for na other ifaton, hit lecawe 

leducing docii 
doct'rines of devils." The detec- 
tion and exposure of such mischief lit 
the di«tingui>hing characleris 
Archdeacon Daubeny's wrilingi 
ainidil all ihc raricd subjects which h«-i 
treats, we have not found a singte- 

■o sound is his argument \ 

It is, however, some comfort lo' 
spaak the truth, lo be conscientiously] 
i>pri>;hti and il \> a public good, b»-^ 
causu it warns us against etupiticisai^ 
and fully : nor can ibcre be a doubt. 


Rbvibw.— Daubeny*! Guide to the Church, [March, 

but that all positions of high reason 
have a great influence upon legisla- 
tion ana example. Valuing, there- 
fore, as we do, the golden currency 
of the excellent Archdeacon's opi- 
nions, we shall presently give them 
in main poinu, because we know 
enough of the habiu of the present 
times in religious matters, to affirm, 
that he who wishes to he a safe and 
reputable swindler cannot do better 
than to be^in with being a saint— a 
harsh cynicism, it is true ; but it is our 
misfortune to judge of religious im- 
pression by conduct and disposition, 
and not by ostentation or profession. 

Liberty of ctmscience. Nothing more 
than private pertua$ion. — i. 104. 

Toleration Act. Only a suspension of 
penalties. — id. US. 

Bibie without note and comment, 

*' It WM a compUint made hj one of th« 
primitive writert of the Church, < that the 
MUM of the Scriptures wu the ooly piece 
dT koowleHge which every one ihooght nim- 
self a competent judge of, without paint or 
study ; without the help of a guide or in* 
•tructor;' a presumption which the levity 
and thoughdessncM of the age have tended 
to iuoraate. But whilst there are things 
hard to be understood in the Scriptures, 
which unlearned and unstable men did in 
the Apostles* days wrest to their own de- 
struction; the notion that any roan, without 
the aid of study or learning, is qua]i6ed to 
be an expounder of the Word of God ; 
< rightly to divide the word of truth/ as the 
Apoatle expresses it ; seems calculated not so 
much to serve the cause of religion, as tliat 
of folly, enthusiasm, and imposture."— 1. 187* 

Nonconformity. The principles of 
nonconformity ultimately produce fac- 
tion in the State and infidelity in the 
Church. — i. 351. 

Depreciation of works, 

<* The doctrine of &ith without works 
has, indeed, of late years been put out of 
countenance: but tliuush it dues not ap- 
pear so openly among Christians as it once 
did, it is still,' I fear, making its way in dis- 

Siise. A doctrine nearly related to it is at 
is day propagated, incompatible, if I un- 
derstand it, with the eraod economy of 
man's salvation ; I mean tlut doctrine which 
represents the fruits of holiness as the ne^ 
Canary produce of Christian faith. Persons 
who profess to write against the gross cor- 
ruption of Antmamiaidtmy may uninten- 
tionally promote it, by adopting a mode of 
reconciling the two apostles St. Paul and 
St. James, to which the apostles themselves 
would not subscribe. If, with the view of 
doing honour to &ith, as the root or found- 
ation of Christian practice, bccaiue no Chris- 

tian practice can exist independent of it, tlie 
fruits of holiness an to be considered as its 
fieoetmry produce, not only a great part of 
St. F^r*s writings would be without mean- 
ing, but the supposed attempt of St. JaoMs 
to counteract the wroog conclusions that 
might be drawn from some oarts of theas 
taken unconneotedly, would nave bean use- 
leas, because in such case no such conclii- 
sion could have been drawn."— ii. 893. 

Gospel Preachers. It is one of the 
hackneyed phrases of the day, that the 
Clergy are not gospel ministers. It ia 
not easy to speak without severity of a 
charge so destitute of truth, and so en* 
tirely void of charity. In addition to 
the inconveniences which sotnetimea 
liappen, when imporunt doctrines are 
stated differently in the same congrt^ 
tion, the evil must become intolerable 
when a direct attempt is made to depre- 
ciate the ministry ot a fellow-labourer; 
to alienate the aflections of his flock ; 
and to accuse him, however pious, or- 
thodox, and learned, of darkening the 
counsel of God.— 'ti. 4l6. 

Saloation by grace, Preachen of 
salvation by grace, like the gospellers 
of the last century, should rather be 
called preachers of absolute decrees, 
predestination, election, and faith 
without works.— ii. 417. 

Evangelical Magazine, A publica- 
tion which seems to have been set on 
foot for the express pur|)Ose of propa- 
gating schism.— ii. 369* 

Every man has a right to worship 
God in his own way. 

** If it were the business of roan to make 
a religion for himself, the deist, the then- 
philanthropist, the Stoic, or even the Epi- 
curean himself, might be approved; but 
this is not the case. We are to believe 
what God has taught us, and to do what he 
has commanded, i o uik, therefore, in the 
liberal language of the day, that every man 
has a right to worship God in his own way, 
is downright nonsense." — ii. 73. 


** Vanity is the life and soul of en- 
thusiasm. This weakness of the human 
understanding, and vanity of the human 
heart, constitutes the prin-ary and power- 
ful causes of that change in religious lan- 
guage and feelings, which has by degrees 
been productive of that ^menuble defsc- 
tion from our established or orthodox 
Church, which so peculiarly distinguishes 
the character of these latter days." — ii. 79. 

Church' building, 

" The most decisive experiment having 
been made, tliat the principles of non- 
conformity ultimately produce foction in 
the Sute and infidelity in the Church, 



-Popular yoyages and Traveh— Turkey. 

-thoM ta wbom the guitdiuuliip of oui 
CauilJIuliaa lu* been Dnmmitled, cmnnol 
belMT diiebargc Uieir iruil, llion bj giving 
ktl potiibla iDCOurtgemeiit to tha build- 
ing edililiani) churohei in ill populoui 
pkcet, when thou ■liekd]' built jirove las 
•mill fot lb* kccannnadBlioD oF t!ie inbi- 

Wc thall conclude our exlmcls with 
an anceduie concerning Modern Di- 


■• At 11 

which < 

pUcc M * meeliog 

o( Diiienleli 

it KU 

ubMrved ]>} » mlB 

. «ip«- 

lh>t the d 

Zt. of 

tl» prwDl dij p 

isesicd grco 


lUMI foi itandiiig. 

» they ,nu.t 

U Con- 

Sfd k, J., .,». 

the >l>'>uld.n 

or the 

Apoettiti tbe* c'lul 

tlieiefure tee 


ihu ihej did. T« 

-hich u uld 


p«««,, who did nnt 

Ke the lubje 

t in [be 

MnM light, thie-dl; 



dero ditioei. >( miu 

not oolj 

••» fbnliei Ihid the 

Apoille. did. 

but .Uo 

further, b« beliBved, thin eten God 




fetrnl honour upon ihe order tn which 
tic belonaed, it was Archdeacon Dau~ 
brnjr. He wa» a mighty pillar of the 
Church of England, a ^ianl conthiiiin; 
with iDieeU, at a lion combaif iht anis 
of Africa, whose neci he has Iramplcd 
upon. HewasaHercdn, whoought 
to hl*e been ■ bilhop, and would have 
been one, if he had nol been a man of 
principle; if there had been an; hopes 
vf hi* lubjeciing hitnietf lo ihe Om- 
ph*1i of political lenipotizing, and til- 
ling down 10 work al ihc dislafT with 

To hii brolfiet Clergymen hie works 
are ati invaluable acquisition, because 
they »how thai in ihe Church of Eng- 
land ii 10 be founds complete armnury 
of defeniire weuponi; and he will be 
«»« veneriled ai uir j'ui/ui fl propo- 
lili /max, the grealeii of ihe lurviving 
few who have noi yei eoinprotnised 
iheir ptofcssional iniegciiy. 

Starirt rif pnpulsr yoi/afti and Ttttvtli, ti:ilh 
laattratisni. Travtii in Turkey, tvilh im 
AetouM of Iht Mamrri onrf Ciulomi of 
lii Jahabilaiili iif Cmilanliaaplt, Ife. ire. 
iruS a pnliniinary Skrttk nflht Hiilori/ 
snf Grn^rapliy qflht Empirt. ISmo. pf. 


THOUGH Ul»mi»m prndoces " 
deioUiion of nature and the deiii 
(ion of man," jet Mohammed " e 

Oairr. M«o. Wmr*, IMO. 



in ilie Utesl itruggles of expiring be- 
in^, clung lo his aposlolical pretensions 
with the lanie periinacily and teal, 
thai he had displayed in the triumph- 
ant period of his career. " — p. 4, 

Thus does ii appear ihul enthusiasm 
on his part, and lanoranceon thai of 
the people, laid ihe foundation of a 
curce tvliich a difTution of knowledge 
would hare blown into air. 

Oriental manners aie well known 
lo uj from ihe Arabian Niahlt* En- 
tertainments and Lady M. W. Moa- 
l3gu'a Leiiert. The follawiug pai- 
isge is ■ furlher illuslralion : 

"Tlie Indict are tin,, in full drui, 
vliicb !• ipleiidid snd Mr. Mad- 
den neicr uw them weu lurbini. Tbe hair 
ii geoenllj pUiled in in embroidtred piece 
ofgiuui Mid circliag the htrul. on sbich 
■re alt the &ir ooe'i pearls and diamoodi, 

quenll) much lower, ind >i then confined by 
(greti number of bill* gold ornunentf. In 
Turkish homes ibe iputmeDti ofllie hinm 
■re commonly the largest. Tliosa of ibe 
wetUhy ire gaudily decorated ; the ceilings 
rudely painted in freico: tbe punels and 
cornices gilt ; and the walls fumiihed with 
rarinus repatitories, carved after (baMoresco 
failiion, and inlaid wilb muther-of-pearl. 

" A marble fDiinUin uiuallj occupin tba 
centre of tbe silting ruun, aud ■oolbes ibe 
ear with Uie ntirtuur oF iu iralers. The 
only fimitur* id tbe chamber ii the divan,* 
which eaiends around its walli. Ti>e caver 
ii of the finest cloth, tbe cuibioni of blue 
nr purple leliet ; and the raoit grateful per- 
fumes burning beside ic, diffuse their iromn 
around. When tbe ladies dine, rich carpeu 
are ipread on tbe muble floor, on wbicb 
ibey til afur the orienUl fashioa. One diib 

any carving utensil, and tbe fingers of ■ 
parly of beauties are employed in disuniting 
the bones of ■ funrl, or paititioniog a leg of 
muilon."— p. 19S. 

"It isalmost impouible/'saysoi _, 
tlior, "roraFranklocsiimaleiheOuOrl 
man character correctly. " To us it «|w T 
peuri to have ihc customary viritxa | 
and view of ihe Mvaje. The follows t 
ing picture is exlnicletl from Mr. MmA* 1 
den'* work: 

"A Constant; uopla man tf quality >• ^fl 
alow-paced biped, ••( a grave aspect, and %■ 
haughty carriage i ha asiumet an indolMf :■ 

air aud sbufling g»I) the former it ^ 

chalanet, ibe latter iwi-(o 

im fLirimw.^Pafulkf Vfupngm mA Tratkh^Tmrkiff. [Harei, 

ooty' OTtrpo««red with gntitvds fbr tbi 
thM part of «o EDglUh frrth'ngy wmI tbb 
proud Effeodi rotofni t6 hit Mroniy'^M 
^■Ikt with beeuming dignity ilotiy ■ p et>- 
hapt ft merry Andrew playing off hU bof- 
ibonery, catcbei bii eyt, he looln, hm% hb 
spirit iniilet not, neluier do hli lipej hb 
gravity is invincible, and he waddba oawaid 
lilce a porpoiie cast on shore ; it b evident 
that nature intended him not fbr a pede*- 
trbn animal, and that he loolcs with con- 
tempt on hia locomotive organs."— •p. 185 

Having returned home, and per- 
formed his evening ablutions, 

" His better half or halves ftimbh rose- 
water for his beard, and supply the apna- 
ratoi of the toilette. After the purificatioa 
of hit person he sits down to supper ; die 
women standing before him until he has 
finished his repast, when 'dishes are intro- 
duced for their use. Good breeding requirss 
that they should eat with the finger and 
thumb only, and restrain the externa! signs 
of their love of sweetmeats within the limits 
of decorum. Supper b removed by the host 
of attendants who served it up, and small 
bottles of rosofflio are generaliv produced, 
of which some ladies wiiT take three or four 
littk gbsses in a few minutes. A dmnlt 
sbve usually presents the pipe to her mas* 
ter ; and coffee b not uofirequently brought 
by a wife, who kisses her lord's hand, a 
ceremony indispensable in the momii^, 
when none of tne partners (^ hb bed that 
have not borne children ars permitted to be 
seated in his presence. In tlie evening the 
ice of ceremony dissolves in most harems, 
and the phlegmatic vices of the Moslem is 
wrinkled with laughter. A fiivourite pas* 
time b to recline smokior in the divan, 
while one of the married ladies shampoos 
his feet with her delicate fiagers."— p. 188. 

twbim ov«T his right eye^ sMts a noseg^r 
In hb boson, and b generally to be dbtin- 
gnished from the million by the magnitude 
of hb pantaloons. He siu for hours smok- 
ing his chU/ougue^ wrapjied up in a reverb. 
JHe has been educated m the imperial se- 
raglioi and afUr serving hb youth in 
slavery, he is preferred to some office in 
the state, or b advanced to the government 
of some distant prtivince. In middle age he 
can perhaps read and write, and repeat every 
Ikvourite chapter in the Koran from begin- 
ning to end, but thb b all hb knowledge, 
and he turns it to the account of plunder. 
The grandee, however, relaxes from the fa- 
tigue of dignity pretty often; he penunbo- 
lates with an amber rosary dangling from 
lib wrbc, — he looks neither to the right 
DOT to the left, — the corpse of a Rayah at- 
tracts not his attention, — the head of a 
alaughtered Greek he passes by unnoticed, — 
he causes the trembling Jew to retire at hb 
approach, — he only shuffles the unwary 
Frank who goes along. It b too trouble- 
some to kick him, — he reaches the coffee- 
l^use before noon, — an abject Chrbtian 
aalaams him to the earth, — spreads the new- 
est mat fbr the Effendi, — presents the rich- 
est cup, — and cringes by hb side to kiss the 
bem of his garment, or at least his hand. 
The coffee peradventure b not good, — the 
Effendi storms, — the poor Armenbn trem- 
bles, — ^he swears by Lb father's beard he 
made the very best, — in all probability he gets 
thf cup at hu head, and a score of maledic- 
tions, not on himself, but on hb mother. 
A friend of the Effeudi enters, and after ten 
minute's repose, they salute and exchange 
aalaamt, A most interesting conversation 
b carried on by monosyllables at half hour 
intervals. The grandee exhibits an English 
pen-knifa, — hb Iriend examines its back and 
Uade,— smokes another pipe, and exclaims 
* God b great !' 

** Pbtols are next produced ; their value 
b an eternal theme, and no other discussion 
takes place till a grave old priest begins to 
expatiate on the temper of^ his sword. A 
learned Ulema at length talks of astronomy 
and politics ; how the sun shines in the east 
and In the west and every where he shines— • 
bow he beams on a land of Mussulmen ; how 
all the Padishahs of Eurofie pay tribute to 
the Sultan, and how the giaours of England 
are greater people than the infideb of France, 
because they make better pen-knives and 
finer pistols. How the Dey of Algiers 
teade a prisoner of the English Admiral in 
the late engagement, and after destroying 
his fleet, consented to rcbase him on con- 
dition of paying an annual tribute ; and how 
the Chrbtian ambMsadors came like dogs to 
the footstool of the Sultan, to feed on his 
imperial bounty. After this edifying piece 
of bistory, -the Effendi takes his leave, with 
thepioat eJMcuhtlon of " Mash Alia ! how 
wtmJUrful U God /" Tht waiter bows him 

In purchasing a female slave, the 
vender makes a merit of her not snor- 
ingnor starting in her sleep. — p. l68. 

Demoniac possession has been deem- 
ed by most divines to be insanity. It 
is certain that the Greeks, as did the 
ancients, so denominate that disease. 
— p. 265. 

The late war has so brought ShumU 
into notice, that we think the follow- 
ing account will be interesting : 

'< Shumla, styled tlte Thermopylaa of 
Bulgarb, lies in an angle of a valley, forsned 
br two ridges of the low Balkan range.* 
Tlie heights which surround it on three 

* The Balkan is the great ridge of the 
ancient Mount Haemus, extending in length 
from the Gulph of Venice to the Euxine, 
and in breadth from Fakih to Shumla, ninety- 
six mWet. — ^. \%t. 

}S30.] RsviBW.— Sir J. Walsh on the Poor Laiei in helaad. 

tidei, ia u »inphilhHUic4l tlupe, ue *l- 
nuMt iiiipTccn«hle> uid coutiluM iti chief 
ibfravr. Tli( irde* sf (heu luiglits (re 
catered witli ptrdeui, vinpjirdi. end ptnatB- 
tfoii, Tlie KuHiuia bnlegcd i\ w><l>i>ut 


TtKli hilu 

liiiiabie t( 
■ill) which 

Ac pecallu ilin I 
A* Tatki derend firCified pit 
Other hudi It would be DDlenible. tl It 
Mrr Urg« ind imgukr, like ■ viit camp. 
ll bu tvo diTuimHi the nppar >nd lower j 
the bmer ii Tatkith; the lucer, ciMed 
Witiih, it Chriatiu, Jeviih, and Arme- 
aiin. All the rotdt Co tho fbnreiiei on 
(b* DiDube diverge from ShnmU. Its for- 
" ■ ' 1 mnpun ■ ■ ■ ■ 

I lyu 


I Witt 

holifing eight or ten < 

Onr (D unequil ivtFuK, three Diiiei id 

\nglh, and oue In bmrlth. The town ii 

hetare*. lU artiiui have corereil the 
■fone* and miaareii of ihe mmqvMi Hich 
bnniiahed tin plil», thai glitter in Ihe hid. 
A IVha. oho had hean a prlioner ia Rne- 
iMd it iritli * IDWD dock. Thu, 
wlth'aaulher giien bj the lame iDdiiidDal to 
Raigrali, and one aet up by Lord BIg'm nt 
Atheoe, an the oolj public proctainian of 
lise of inerhwHeal cMHtruetioo, in the do- 
mloioni of ihe SulllD. The popolai 

I nttjF 

i»Dd. The 

Tie* frem the lieighti pfeieoti i 
pree|>ect' Below, where »he mouulaiii r"lge« 
termioate, an immeine plain iweepi awaj oa 
the north (o the Danube, and on the cut to 
the Black Sea. Ata diitance of fift^-four 
Mllaii helween two headlandi, are eeeu the 
l»*n aod port of Varna, where ihote who 
■tread the pauage of the Balkan, arrive bjr 
•etg and [4i>ceed tlieoce tu Shuiola." — p. 1 03. 
Uere wc miiit leave the work, 
which abound* with inrormatiaa, in 
ilia preseoi limes particularly inlerest- 
'"^ We findlj hope thai tile history 
of Turkey will convince cTcry person 
of tlic vuit iuipurlance of knowledge 
lo the prosperity and preservation of 
every country. 

Poor Lawi ii hflanJ, cmuidtrrd in Ihrir 
pntMr Efftcli ufaa tin Capital, (he 
Ptnlperily, aiul llie progranvf Improve- 
menl ^ lUal CoiiMry. By Sir Jubn 
Walali, Airf. See. pf, 114. 

rr tl (ib»ef»e<l by Mr. Turner, in hii 
Miitnry of Ihe Anglo-SaKons, ihat 
when the toil of a country hecomn 
priiklc properly, through occupancy 
sni) cullivniion, a watte uupulalion, 
irboM labour is noi wanted, toon en- 
)IMi. Prom [his cause have piocceileil 
colouic*. aod the £30^ of baadiiti. 

Mfia (lie iia^^ 
0, for mailJfca 
e diviiion Al 

which, as mcrcenaiict, have told ihe| 
snivel at ratlous ictas la sovereigns Ai 
feudal lords. Such a wa^tu piiputaliqa 
bvin^ the nccestaiy reiuii ofapptopri 
lion of ihe loil, ihr queuion is, wb 
is ihc best mode of pioridiug for iy 
because il hat a oniural claim of m ' 
Icnance not lo be superseded. C 
tiiiBiion, where the jnvadeti usu 
the lertilory of the natives, eniL 
them for lubouiert and ailisans, aU 
reserved ihc profession of arms (t 
iheinsclvei, it the motl ancient inoj^ 
As the free population becomes nioi 
dense, tiavcry decline) t !>nd a 
litaiion increases, and with it prudof 
lion and luxury, commerce ai 
wealth, and wealth dispersed 
the people, sayt I'lularch, gene 
liberty : but civitizalion rosier) ihe fu^l 
iher growth of poputaiir" ' - ^ 

atld various wants requite d 
labour, and at many disuiict 
society. In abstract conaideralioi)^ I 
when there ensues an encetsofp 
lalion, able-bodied males shoolo 
employ in llie niiional seivice, 
cniiuraiion lo colonies be an addjli 
resource. Neliher of these lesot 
has met with cnconrageuicnt u|iua syaii I 
tem, the waste popubiion hat hceii ^a^. I 
inoit countries throwu upon tlie Unij^ I 
and benevolent people have recenlb^ I 
lecominended proviiion orcotiageswit^-l 
small portions of land ; bat such a pituh I 
not only diminishes the ptoduclioB cf 1 
the toil, but under continued exiei^ T 
sioo renilcn ihe couniry a general abod^ . I 
of |taupeii>m.* The people of £nU I 

land, instead of adopting this alie 

tive, contiihute certain sums, wl 
are called Poor's Rates) and these, i(( 
their original intenliou, imply oiiIh | 
maintenance without wort to the licl^ | 
and infirm, and woik with inferior 
wascs to itie able-bodied. Wbalever 
evil may have proceeded from abuaej. 
of thij inipoil, the or^inaf Institutitu 1 
(as il) the 43d Eli«.) unlike ihe preset^' J 
plan, acted in check of populalioo, . ^ 
and so was a fat leu evil than throw* 
ing the people on the land ; nay^ i 
while It consulted humanity, il stii~' 
bled industry and an hoiioorable 
sire of mdependence. 

In the present day, the grievance o^ .1 
Poor's Itiites \» owing lo bad man.-ig«« j 
liient, money pajmetits, and luxnryi 
and at Lord Chief Jur " - ■— ' 
Mated, paoptriim mutt 

1 Etsajt <atu\VUa*>\^MUMB'jiYt-^«1 

«3<r RiTiBW.-^Sir J. Wftbh^ the Poor Lam in IrAmd. [BIsrA; 

wages sink Mow mtintenance. Those 
excellent jphilanthropisU, Messrs. Be- 
cher and Boswonh, hare nevertheless 
deoionstrated, that nearly one half of 
the sams at present raised, is, under an 
improved system, unnecessary ; and it 
h equally certain that, under their 
plans, accompanied with a judicious 
scheme of emigration to take off grow- 
ing numbers, the country may be al- 
most wholly relieved of tne demorali- 
zation and Durden of Poor's Rates. 

Under the opinion that where there 
b an excess of population there is only 
a choice of evils,— throwing the people 
upon the land, or giving them money- 
payments,— the latter has been prefer- 
red, as prospective of fewer bad conse- 
quences than the potatoe-system, and 
cutting up estates into gardens, which 
system, as we have before observed, 
feeds population until a country be- 
comes a general abode of pauperism 
and misery. But the inducement 
which the burden of Poor's Rates 
creates in the minds of the wealthy, 
to improve the condition of the poor, 
and tne tendency of the relief to sup- 
press insurrection— these and other 
motives have caused various writers to 
lecommend an extension of the svstem 
to Ireland. In deprecation ol this 
measure. Sir John Walsh has publish- 
ed this truly excellent and elaborate 
pamphlet. He states numerous and 
solidT objections. Of these the chief 
is, that the people not being maintain- 
ed, as in England, by wages, and not 
having a similar desire of ameliorating 
their conditions. Poor's Rates would 
have no other tendency than that of 
augmenting the number of paupers, al- 
ready too large. Most truly does Sir 
John say, 

'* The Irish have encreased to fiMt, be- 
eanM they have not, ai in most other £a- 
ropcan natioDf , depended vpon the wages 
of Isbmir for snUbtence. Thev have ex- 
tiacted a cbeaper and easier livelihood from 
the earth. Their mnltiplication has there- 
Ibre borne no sort of proportion to tlie de- 
asand for labour, which regulates the in- 
e rt aee of the poor in the generality of ci- 
vilized states. Were the parishes bound to 
protide work for the unemployed cottiers, 
they would be utterly unable to devise any 
for so large a body which would remnnerate 
them. "But the wages of unproductive or 
Inadequately productive labour, would differ 
fiiile in their effects from pure donations or 
pensions to the labourer. They would 
^gaMlfy tend to the increase of the popula- 
9mgnti$bt ntiaetUm of proptrty."— p.1 05 • 

Then, moreover, there are no consi- 
derable farmers to employ them. A 
visitor to Ireland— 

** Looks in vain for the houses of the 
better class of formers and yeomen. The 
nearest approach to them are a few low. 
cottages, whitewashed, slated roofo, sbmU 
windows, the frames not painted, and the 
glass broken. No where does he see the 
Isest attempt at neatness or embelUshment. 
The land is generally cultivated, but in an 
unfosished and slovenly manner. The foncsa 
are commonly mere banks and ditehesy 
without quick, a pole stuck across a gap 
serves for a gste. He meets with nothmg 
but rude cars drawn by one starved miserable- 
looking hurse, and driven by a loiterii^ 
careless follow. He finds numerous foot 
passengers, many of the men and wooma 
bare-legged, some of the children qnite 
naked. They seem all to belong to the 
same class ; a frieze great-coat for the bmb» 
and a blue cloak for the women» cover, for 
the most part, verv iU-conditiooed and slat- 
ternly apparel. He passes fow towns, and 
those fow consist of a small nudens oif to- 
lerable houses, surrounded by a filthy snl^nib- 
of mere huts. If he enters the cabins of 
the peasantry, he finds that their interior, 
fully corresponds with their external ap-- 
pearanceofwretchedness and poverty. They- 
are dark and dirty, filled with smoke, and 
their fomiture scanty and of the rudest de- 
scription. He learns that their chief food 
consists of potatoes* that at many seasons 
of the year they cannot procure work, and ■ 
that the wages of labour^ which he has been 
accustomed to consider as the sole resourco 
of the peasantry, are at all times so low, 
as scarcely to maintain a fomily." — p. 28. 

The moral habits of the peasantry 
are quite different from those of the 

<* Give a steady and frugal Englinh la- 
bourer loot} and if yon were to pay him a 
visit in a twelvemonth, you would probably 
find his cottage newly whitewasliM, some 
articles of fomiture added to his household 
store : his home would exhibit to you in 
some way, that a considenble portion of 
his Increased means had been expended in 
adding to his personal comforts and conve- 
niences. With an Irish cottier of similar 
character, the result would be ({uite dif- 
forent. The dang-heap would still fume in 
front of the door, the pigs would still grunt 
in and out of the kitcnen, the broken win- 
dows would still be repaired with hay- 
bands instead of glass ; but probably them 
would be more pigs to grunt, be would 
have rented a small field in addition to his 
potatoe-garden, and bought a cow to share 
his cares with his pigs. There wouM be 
quite as much dirt, and apparent disconfbrty 
ViiAvwi«saas«B&^^lca«t than before. The 

1830.] Revibw.— Bp. Mant's Clergyman's Obligations considered. 


)oBgii>e to ( couutrj in tlio higlieit lUie of 
ciiiliHtioD, h» U>Ui ind ■niRclil wut), 
of tthich the Iriihoiui i> tuwlljr Dneun- 

Now if there be nn laslc for com' 
fort! and luxurici, how is ii potsible 
that Irelaod cjii become 3 civilized 
counlrj } 

Why Joes not Ireland pay laxn, 
like Great Britain? Why is it not a 
thriving nation^ Why, but because 
il is a notion where the popuiaiion has 
been thronn upon the land, to an ex- 
lenl and lubdivision which lemiinatea 
in piuperiim 1 

Sir John Wulsh, who hiu moit ably 
uipporied hia lbe«i9, lakea for the gist 
of Ills Brgumeni, ihat larger farmi beld 
as in England, and labourers piid in 
wages, is one great process with which 
tuMUntial iaproveoient must com- 
menee. Conceded. Bui when the 
farm* are enlarged, can they employ 
(he popnlalion already acrumutaledf 
Ceriaimy not. Colonization appears 
to be a previous indispensable process, 
and in default of that, unimpeded re- 
moval in England. Sir John Walsh 
cnmends (p. 115) that sucb removal 
offers no impuriani competition 10 our 
agricultural labourers, only lo those in 
the great manufacturing towns. He 

■■ With the exception nf the nMvBn 
of tha north of Irelind, tilio hive been 
received tt Glaiaow, the compecitioo chief- 
ly Uihei pIko toi (he lowrtt, the moat 
kb^om, >Dd the wont paid ooik. We 
ahill Gad Irish parten, piviDn, and bricl:- 
lajer'i ■■booren 1 bat He ihall not find 
Irish carpauteit, itateis, or loiitbi, or >rti- 
Gcen of any kind. Ttie coaclugioD lecma 
to be, thu the really injurioui compeiiiina 

..Ml .ireogtL Tl 
be much chiii.ce of 
lho«tim<l.. Wh. 
Krm .eoagh to t< 
cnA lr*de<, before 
she •>!■ have alio 

Dti requiriog mere ma- 
rre does oot appest to 
it. er,cr«cl,inB beyoed 
n Ireland hai m»<ie pro- 
ich these people hsndi- 
>he wndv thein forth, 
become rich enough to 

Ireland, unlik 
which has never 
and civilization 

England, is a bear 
been taught lo dance; 
must be the fir« step 

T*e Clerfj/man'i Otligaiiam mnadrreil: at 
ta At CtM'ralim 0/ Ditmt Horihip, Mi- 
1 ofiht SBerioBtiJi, Jiumcfuu <^ 
~ mrliing, and dlier offidal 
I la kii pcrniat cStractrr 

and intaamnc with olhm, vilh puTliiular 
tffrrmct lo Ihe OrAna/ion row. By Ri. 
ehird Maot, O. D. M- R. I. A. Bishop of 
Dmen ond CBrmoT, ISmo. pp. Sgj. 
IN regarding the Clergy as a body, 
le find Ihat ihey support all (he liberal 
duration of this cnunlry, as University 
and schoolmasters j that thfy 


tricli. called 

parishes, for the purpose of advocating 
uioraliiy, philanthropy, and the educa- 
tion of the poor, and that ihey exercise 
a salulnry conlroul in check of vice 
and ignorance. In support of these 
arrangements, we find that they arc 
supported by a predial tax called lythes, 
which tflu muil be paid either to them- 
selves in the present form, or if abo- 
lished, lo the landlord in that of aug- 
mented rent. We lind also, that tbe 
episcopal otdinaiioQ which confers 
these privileges, is not extended Lo per- 
sons who have not adequate education, 
or can be permanently enjoyed, unless 
character be supported. 

All this appears to work together 
for good; of course is very reasonable 
to abstract persons, 10 statesmen im- 
portant. But nevertheless there are, in 
thisconnliy, persons assimilating those 
who upon the continent ate dislin- 
Hoished by the appellation of " let 
diseurs des Palre-notres" f /*e layert tif 
Paler-noileri). We have a decidedly 
bad opinion of those who never say 
their prayers, because we think that 
such persotis have not sound principles 
or reason, bui we do not think that 
persons who do say their prayers ate 
Ihcrel-u miraculously qualihed 10 dic- 
tate alarming Innovations in Church 
and State. But such a party does 
exist, and in aid of designing laymen, 
who have at heart no other motive 
than sedition, has far exceeded tile 
very humble limits of talents and 
learning, which are to be found among 
them, hy propuiins contempt of mtn 
rals,* alterations of the Litiirgy,t and 
expulsion of the arts and sciences,| 
except in subordination to their own 
particular faction. The only remain- 
ing step (as they now recommend 
American episcoplity) is to patronikc 
radieatitm and Parliamentary reform. 

■ See our Kcview of Wimer'i Aati- 
evingelinl puBiphlel. t Alio nf *■ Eiuni- 
aatioa of r.cdnt Works of Church Re-. 
form." t Alto ot t\it v]»\«nk ol 'CtM'%^ 
Legh Richmond. 2 

1^ Rbtiiw.— Bp. Mant'i Ckrgi/mmi*s ObltgaiUms con$idend» (Mmhf 

t^ow we» who aro in lire htbiu of 
payiag great attention to hiitory, do 
not fincT that the ''diseors de Patre- 
hotrea*' e\'er benefited the country 
which fostered them ; of course were 
Qot supported by Providence. 

On the contrary, we see in their 
works only enlhusiasm and declama- 
tion, some of which have the unques- 
tionable tendency of inculcating a 
Qothic contempt for science and arts» 
not only impolitic, but in final result 
ruinous to the natural well-being, and 
the progress of reason and civilixatioo. 
It is consoling however to know, 
that these mere " diseurs de Patre« 
notrca'* have not yet attained to the 
highest ranks of the hierarchy i but 
that these are filled by men of discre- 
tioo, and (although it has been said 
that there is no more connection in 
the Church, between merit and re- 
ward, than between beauty and strength) 
oocasionally by men of htah merit; 
and auch a person is the Right Re- 
verend author of the book before us. 

This book contains many judicious 
icmarks concerning the proper dis- 
charge of various ecclesiastical func- 
tions, and other most important a)at- 
tcrs connected with the conduct of 
Clergymen. Occasional notices are 
taken of some popular notions of the 
day, from one of which notices ("§/?«• 
HgUmM Books) we shall make an ex- 

** Thtre art persons, whoM opinion it 
•ppean to be, inat no other proceeding is 
nqoisito in order to tha propagation of the 
Cbriitian ^th among tluMe »ho are pre- 
yktusly unacquainted with it alto|;ethar, or 
icho KDOV it only in a debated and corrupt- 
ed form, than a boundleit circulation of the 
holy Scriptures. But ao far aa I find, from 
the word of God iuelf, that lacred book 
was never used by divine appointment; to 
far at I find, it iras not intended to be used, 
to the exclusion of ministerial instraction. 
And indeed, when I reflect upon a variety of 
oinamacanoea belonging to those invaioable 
writings ; when for instance I reflect upoo. 
the different ages, characters, situations, 
•bd numerous peculiarities of their respec- 
tive authors i on the conditions of the se- 
veral persons to whom they were originally 
addreued, or for whom they were more 
immediately written ; the remote and vary- 
ing periods of their composition ; the lan- 
guages in which they were composed ; the 
many natural phenonaeua, the manners, 
and the civil and religious institutions of the 
ODontriee to which they relate; tlie occa- 
Mom whhh sevenUj eaJled for them ; th^ 
J'»iw§ of their BubJoGUi tbi modn •{ tktHt 

easentioni in a word, all tkaaniseraaa and 
diveraified particulars whieh most he fcni- 
liar to the minds of thoae who an boaad hf 
tlieir profeasional enaageaBeni le be < dill* 
gent in reading the Holy Seriptnraa, mmI la 
such studies as helo to the knowledge of iha 
same;* when I reflect upon tlieae things, I 
oannot but see great reason to be peiaqaded 
that the Bible must abound In duEkinltieSy 
which, as they are calculated to be an im- 
pediment in the way of an nnknmed render, 
so give oecaaion lor a Clergymaa to ba 
diligent in applying all the aseana that ha 
can fiumiah, in order to their explanatioa 
and removal. To the question of Philip 
concerning a particular passage in the holy 
volume, * Understandast thou what thba 
readest?' the answer of the £thk»p{aneunneh 
may be returned with reference to a large 
portion of its contents, ' How ean I, exoepfi 
some man should guide me*." Pp. 71-74. 

^ We haTO alwaya thought that direc- 
tion-posts are of no use to persona who 
cannot read| but suildea eonveraiona 
are now usual, and the nature of thinga 
may be altered. There were once, at 
least, conscientious persons, who sup- 
posed that, if books were given ti> 
tlMMe who could not possibly under- 
stand them, error was the sure conse^ 
quence ; and that they were prohibited 
from promoting such error by a cer-. 
tain text (2 Pet. iii. 16), which says, 
that '* unlearned and unstable people 
wrest the Scriptures unto their owa 
destruction." This many get over in 
a most simple and ingenious manner,, 
via. by reading udoamlage instead of 

The Bishop saya nothing of parties 
in the Church, which brings disorder 
into reliaion,andaredoing indescribable 
mischief. The days actually caisT, 
when fas before shown) the presump- 
tion ot obscure Clergymen is so great, 
that they tuke upon themselves to scout 
learning, depreciate morality, and 
Americanize episcopacy and the li- 
turay. Those who read history and 
philosophy, account such projects dai^* 
gerous to the Constitution and the 
public good ; and such persons to be 
unintentional dupes, geese flattered by* 
foxes. The Bishops should not perse- 
cute i but they can, as a body, circulate, 
a reasonable declaration, which would 
controul such officious and licentious 

Praetieal Diteounm : a Sthetion from ike 
wipubtuktd Mttmtaeriptt ^ the laU ve- 
mrakU Thomu TeiMuoa, D, D. Arch- 
dmomt^ HMmani i metfihi RtUonof 


J 830] 

Rbvibw.— Towhaoii'fl Discourses. 

Int. Od April 15, 179 
.vinp:bcen<liiappoin«d ii 


Molpai, ChaldTi ; and KneUnie FtUmo 
of SI. Mary MBgdaUa Calirgt, Oxford ; 

vHh a biographical nirmotr, I'y A'<h- „.^,,., ,,_ ,.^ h.ih.u. 

(teinn thariun. EiftfnJ tj, John [ ProreMional eliaraclcr wai far mote 
D.D.iB.,l.op.fL„nmcl: si^.pp.wo. (li„iucily ino.kcd in ihe cl«gy of iho.c 
DR. TOVVNSON, born in 1714, dayi. ihan ii it now. They wrie, wilt i 
wn« *on of ihe Itev. John Tonnson, rinly a rare cxccplion, of ilie mmc age, 
M.A, Rector of Much Lees in Eases ; a« tike one »iioiher as clucti. Theit 
■nJ iueccsiiiciy cilucaletl under his drris. furnilure, equipaaei, and niudcs 
fiitber, »nd ilic Ret. Henry Noll, Vi- of living, were professional; and the 
oar of Tcrling, lallerly dl ihc Free- " trap du monde pour un nini>/re" was 
school aiFelsted. ]n 1733 he was en- atudiousiy shunned. A uipe, a newa- 
tcred ■ Commouer of Christ Church, psjicr, a rubber, and bacli gammon, 
Oxrord, pnd in 1733 elected a deiuy of were their harmless amuaemcnisi and, 
Magdaleiii of which society, two years if ihey did not blaze away in the pul- 
afienvatds, he became a Fellow. Im- pit, ihey look great pains to latroniie 
mediately after his oidinatiun as a and recomniend the goud amima their 
Priest in 1748, he travelled tliiough parishioners, and relTirm and diacou- 
Fmaee and Italy with Mr. Dawkiix, rage ihc bad. Their converiation was 
in company with Mr. Drake and Mr. guarded, inofienaive, and intrrmixed 
HoldswDTih, the famous author of the with hHriutest anecdote. In liieiaiure 
Mutcipuls, and enlhusiailic worship- ihe; had a claaaical (aste; and their 
per of Virgil. U[)on his return from compotillon was soundly logical. Pnr- 
ihc Continent, he was in 174€ insii- son and patishinners went on in u 
mteil lo the Vicarage of Hai6eld Po- quiet way ; ihe Church was not tieg. 
*efcl, in Essex ; and in t74C) chosen Iccied, and moraljiyhad a prepondcrai' 
•cnioc Proctor. At that time he and ing eiilmaiion. Whether it was nc- 
Mr. [afterwards Blsho{i] Lowih were cesiary, with regard lo villages in par- 
looked up lo as the two first scholars ticular, for Wesley and his uiiphiloio- 
in the tinivertiiy t and a design wa« phical friends lo dislnrb this stale of 
CDieiiained of bringing Mr. Tnwnsoit things, wc leave lo bedelerniined by 

forward m a com|>elitor for the Profes- 
sorship of Poetry. This cninpetiiion 
he wnuld not sufler. In 174g he re- 
signed Hatlield, and ivaa preienlfd to 
BTithfidd in Swffnrdshiie. by Sir Wal- 
ler WagstaiTe, Burt., and in the same 
year by Mr. Drake, lo the lower me* 

facts, tii. that places of worship 
have been most unneceaaarily multi- 
plied, ihe people dislraclcd more and 
more with fcudi, eiithusiatm subsii- 
luied for principle, crime increased, 
and nearly all ihe scholars in the realm 
lo rhe lower me* held up lo popular disregard ; all to 
Ihethire. In I7SI produce a population of devotees; a 
h« was inatituicd lo the letter, and re- measure which ihe clearest assurance 
signed his Fellowship, In I75B he nf history ihnws was never attended 
had some accession of foitunE, and In with any other result than civil and 
VJhQ rciigned Blithlield, in favour of political t> *' 


the He*. Walter Bjgni, son of hi 

friend and patron. Malpas then be- Dr. Town! 

canie his constant refidence, and li 

|iMted his time in the two useful m 

copationsofan exemplary jiarish Priest, 

the ( 



•y parish fru 

•nil theological writer. In 1779 the forcing 

Universiiy of Oxford conferred upon mcihod of i 

hitn the decree nf D. D. by diploma, and In the si 

and in \^%3 Lord North offrred him we are sure 

the Regius Profcijotihip of Divinity, sound logic 

the Bible which bore 
ibjeci, collate and 


ind then dri 

hole. It was a oertai 
11 grounding inslruciioi 
mons of these old divini 

find sound docirin< 


,r imagination an"?! 
as sluitiously shun- 

In I7{}0 he was allacked wilh a pain- by intermtxlure 

fuldiaease, which waslhe Rtstsyniptnin poetical liHnrc, 

of approaching ditsotuiion -, and by a nrd ; for they did not write of preach 

singular coincidence, a Sermon on to acquire literary reputation oi popD' 

Prav. xxvii, i, "Boast not thyself of larily. We must ihetefore judge of 

loiDOTrow," g(c. waa the Rrsi that he Dr. Townson's Sermons by ihe dirU 

prrachcd in Mulpaa Church; and an- nity and reason which ihev dis^h^, 

tuber on the same Kxi happened w be and beiein V\«"j f^wA. VJt sViKv 


REymw.^Annual OfntuarifM 


• take tn extract from a termon, in 
which the doctrine of a particular pro« 
Tidence if moat in^nioutly illuit rated. 

When Ahab setafd Naboih's vine- 
yard, the prophet Elijah declared that 
dogs should lick hit blood also in the 
same Yine^rard. Ahab, '' bearing this 
prophecy in mind/' thought, when 
Micaiah said that he should fall at 
llamoth Gileady that he could noi fall 

• at such a distance olF as Ramoth, and 

• was sanguine, as to personal safety, so 
far as regarded that expedition ; but 
nevertheless the e«'ent happened as was 
foretold. Thus Dr. Townsou, who 
proceeds to say, 

** There it anotlier arideoce of this di- 
recting Pnnrideoce in the manner of Ahab*t 
death, to whom Micaiah had foretold, that 
if he went to Ramoth he would not come 
back aliTc. The King of Syria, with whom 
Jie had been so frequentljr at war, seenM to 
.haTe tntertatned a paiticnlar animosity 
.against bim, and therefore gare command 
.to his chief capCaina to fight neither with 
^SBudl nor great, save only with the King of 
Israel, and to make their whole attack upon 
his person. Ahab, apprehensive of such a 
'design, went into die battle so far disguised, 
as not to be distingnithed from the reit of 
his csptains. And, therefore, the Syrians, 
mistaking King Jehosaphat, the commander 
in chief, bent all their force against him ; 
but perceiving their mistake, desisted and 
retired from nim. Where to find out the 
King of Israel, and to fight with him only as 
they had been commanded, they knew not. 
tn this perplexity, one of them drew a bow, 
.with no particular aim or design, but that 
his arrow might annoy some one or other 
of the enemy's army. Who then cuided 
the arm of tliis Syrian, and directed his ar- 
row, sent at a venture so successfully and 
sorely to the King of Isrsel, that it found 
its way through the joints of his armour 
into hu bodv ? Was it not the gccat Dis- 
poser of all events, who had forewarned 
tiim by his prophets, that if he went to Ra- 
moth, he snouid perish there. Vain, there- 
tont were his sblns of caution and disguise." 
pp. 96, 97. 

The Annual Biography and Obituary : 1 880. 

rol, XIF, 800. pp. 466. Longman and 


WE ha?e unintentionally delayed 
our notice of this volume, which is 
one of the most interesting and best 
that the series has produced. In 
die first place we acknowledge with 
approbation the attention paid to our 
anggestions renrding the titles of the 
work and it§ airitiooi, in which the 
lacons/sieacies that we pointed out in 

our review of the last year^ rolume 
' have been corrected or inodified. 

We have said that this volume is 
particularly interesting, — a circuro- 
sunce primarily under the control of 
no other person than a certain allego- 
rical tyrant, whose scrthe, although 
so certain and oniTersal in its sweep- 
ing harvest of the ordinary *' grasa of 
• the field," is undoubtedly capriciooi in 
the extent of its ravages upon the more 
brilliant flowers of the nurnan race. 
In the last year, within a few abort 
months, it cut down in the garden of 
Science its three pre-eminent glories, 
Davy, Wollaston, and Young. 

It is the province of the biographer 
to cull those flowers ere y^t their me- 
morials have withered, and to preserve 
the remembrance of that ezoellenice 
which might otherwise be forigotteby 
from the caose assigned by Horace, 
earaU quia vote taera, • 
This task is one in which our own 
Miscellany endeavours to be the 'moat 
active labourer: and (as far as sije can 
with modesty praise a stream iii so 
great a degree derived from our own 
fountain) we may pronounce 4he An- 
nual Obituary to be a valuable compi- 
lation. Were we to investigate the 
originality of the present volume, as 
we took some pains to do with the 
last, we think we should probably ar- 
rive at nearly the same result,— tliat 
the original matter is comprised in a 
small proportion, and that the number ^ 
of articles is less than that contained 
in the Gentleman's Magazine for the 
same period. Nor on the great majo- 
rity of the articles have any fresh in- 
quiries been made; they are transferred 
to the Annual Obituary as they ap- 
peared in the Gentleman*s Magazine 
(we name our work first as being by 
far the principal source), or the other 
previous publications. Still the dis- 
position of the contents is suflicient to 
show that the editorship is entrnsted 
to a man of good discrimination, cor- 
rect taste, and sound principles; and 
his compilation is a good one, as far as 
it extenos. 

The features of the volume, which 
strike our attention as most original, 
are the memoirs of Sir Edward West, 
Chief Justice at .Bombaj, and author 
of seyeral works on political economy; 
and of William Stevenson, esq. Keeper 
of the Records in the Treasury, and a 
writer on statistics, &c.— both valu- 
able anides, and \l\e former a long one. 


KfVIEW. — Annual Obilnary. 

From ihe article on Mr. Boron H 
lock, " compiled Troiii khe Law, Gi 
tlentan'i, iiul Monttily Magminc 
we will make i1ie rollnwiug eiiracii 
•n •ddiiiou ru vvhnt *ppc«rc<l In c 
fuimbcr for September, p. 376: 

" Id culf life Mr. Hullock intend 
Gny'l lOD, and •■■ is doe I.ina uHcd 
'itBu; « "likli he pmi ' 


Hill. U hi> I 



from tlie trwodihip of Mr. Lc',* 
uf tama ddu in hi> daj, wlia iiai terjr inucli 
ainicV Hiih ills inielllgence and ippliLBLiun, 
Mr. Hultock doet dui appur, huireier, to 
hcH had much practice, iiQiil aftFc lIm 
publlcatioo of hli wiiil od the La* of Cmt* 
ID 1791. Thii brought him into nollce i 
uil hs row lij drgmt to Gil the Kconil 
|ilice (not tn the preWDt AtUnneji-gfBe- 
ral, Sir Jamei Scarlett,) amurgtt the caon- 
m1 OB tha Nnrihern Circuit. We do ddI 
(eel competent to enlarg* oa hie peculiar 

«ai hit practice to graip linnlj the itioDg 
poiDl* uf an ■rguimiit, audreithii caie up- 
00 them i initeid of fritMiing aitay hit 
(ireogth, and weakening the impmiiwii bj 
•D eniietj to anticipate eve.y llllog. 
or (he dwnlinai of hit character the fuT- 
looing iwcdaU alTorili 10 undeniable pro- ' 

- I»".i- 

>, Kith the 
CO. Op e> 

cnlarlj' irutrueted not to prui 
dead aolea it ihouM be abi 
aaty. Notoiibaiaiuling thia 

UBiaatiaa, it pioted tu have beia forged bji 
hii olieat'a Mtonia J, who wai teatedbehinil 
liim al the time, and who had ttamnl]' re- 
tDDnitratedagaiaiC the ooune Hbich he bad 
panuid. Mr. Jiulice Baylejr, who waa trjr- 
ing the caiue, ordered the defd to be im- 
pooulcd, that it might be mtda the lubji 


er, Mr, Hull 


■d it to hit hag. 
hot in »il.. ' I^o 

E Bailer, e 

« fal^ r 

iult to eniu 
not •ocij, perhapa, 

:u» lur uiiitlof; the deiigo, ca 
uiiC on [lie delivery of the dei 
d taking deciti.e meaiurei un 
■nlted iriih the aiiodau Jadi 

It dell] 

r Ik*' 

1816, Mr. Uullock wik- 
t U«t 
v jean that he leaiained Ser- 
e naa engaged in leneral impartant, 

■reroioant to utiit in CDnductiog tomf 
rnmloui prooeediog. ari.itg out of iha^ 
,urbed lUie of the north. He alio pra-v 
\i, with great ability, on the commlitiaa' 
lunacy teipecting the Earl o( Porta'' 

ro these patlicitlars we may add, 

' The »It1 of Ihe late Mr. Bwoo HoIIm* 
d h; Daiue Mary Huilocfc, raU«k 

hat left all hit piopaitj to hi 
anal, which h* hu IsK 10 bit sign 
Calvert, u a mark of hi* tUH al 
and faithrul eervicei, which lum 

of CanterliuiT 

ilaik,Mr. w! 

and 11 

, Mr. V 

it friend > 

or the memoir of the late Williim. 
Thomat FiitGerald, Esq. ** nearly ib« 
whole hat been derived Irom (he Geikt 
tlemaii't Magntine ; with a few facu 
frani a private source.'' Aiiioag iheN 
IB thai his falheri nime was Joha 
Auiltulhet (not Aualen) FitzGerak)| 
and thai h« wns the representative m 
well as deecendani of the great Eail e/t 
Desmond, ntlainied in 1588. This wa 
have also heard cunfidcnily a^atried ia 
olbcr quarlcrt I and lo the sketch of 
Mr. FiizGcra Id's character iatdded iha 
following paragraph, the latter part of 
which, it will be 'perceived, leren I* 
' vill ratM 

pile with u 


jnctualitj and delicac; in peett> 

at tlle bat ■>[ tl.r K...»e of ' 

•bownE ihrni. Mr. Lw't 

Wat *) Staindrop, Durham. 

Gt/n.flko.Mi'fh, l»3 

uJd never i» ^^^^^ j^^ ,,^ _g^|j ^^^^ ,^ ^„^ ^j^^^^ 

which had been tent home for him by 1^ 

i;k L« ; the tiilor, until he had |<aid the bill. Sa nicti 
B Wilkei oh- iodeeit. vat hit tente of honour, thai loaM 
II attended to ynti ago, on the death of a neat relatiMIt 
imnonii the he liquidated bar debu, to the an>Dunt M 
ai cnnllautlly leveral ihouaodt of puuoda, although inip 
'>uniTy hoiue way legally liable (W than. Ha wai Droid 
of hit d«iMni, Haing one day aikai tt^a 
gentlcmaa it h» did n"*! \nlmt% V '' '^ '^ 


RBViBW.-^haw*ii Chaptl at Luton Park. [M^rch, 


of LeiBSter't fimlW* h\» uitirer wts, — * No, 
Sir, the Duke of Leinster balongt to my 

The memoir of Mr. Wadd, ihc 
turgeon. in our December Magazine, 
was not, it ap|>eart, published in time 
to amend the ariicle given in p. 456 ; 
where we find it staled that '* Mr. 
Wadd't family had been settled for 
many ^nerations at Hampsiead, in 
the ▼icmity of the metropolis ; and ita 
nioit distinguished member was Sir 
William Wadd, Governor of the Tower 
in the time of James I. during the 
Gunpowder Plot." This statement 
firu appeared in the Literary Gazette, 
and was thence copied elsewhere. It 
is totally incorrect ; the name of the 
Lieutenant of the Tower was Waad, 
in modern orthography Wade, not 
Wadd ; his family was therefore quite 
a distinct one.; and it may be added, 
that the eenerations of the Waads 
settled at Hampstead, were but two. 
Sir William and his father. 

The History and Antiiptitut rf' the Chapel at 
• Luton Park, a Seat qf the Mart^uen qf 
Bute. By H. Shaw. Part IK, forming 
in all Ty>entv Ptatet. Allot FdUo, Car- 
penter and S»on. 

WE are much pleased to see that 
Mr. Shaw has completed his elaborate 
woik, on which he has evidently be- 
stowed much patience and industry, 
and the result is a beautiful illustration 
of a chapel, a most excellent example 
of the latest and most florid fieriod of 
Gothic architecture ; *' displaying in 
the forms of some of its arches and 
mouldings t mixture of the Roman, 
which was then coming into fashion, 
and which afterwards degenerated into 
the grotesque siyle prevalent during 
the reigns of Elizabeth and James L'' 

From the great variety and beauty of 
its enrichments, and the very able man- 
ner in which its beauties are displayed 
by Mr. Shaw, this chapel is well cal- 
culated to form an excellent example 
.to modern architects, whose attention, 
we rejoice to say, is likely to be more 
and more called to Gothic architecture, 
in the erection of new churches. 

The work is most appropriately de- 
dicated to the Marquess of Bute (with 
his arms elegantly displayed by Mr. 
Willemeni), who, in the extensive al- 
terations at Luton Park, has preserved 
thpe inimitable carvings with the 
JDOst jnxious care, having caused 
*''^fli io be placed in a new chapel 

built expressly for the purpose by Mr. 
R. Smirxe, who has also the merit of 
suggesting the present work to Mr. 

To Dr. Ingram, the learned President 
of Trinity College, Oxford, the public 
are indebted for the accompanying 
history of the chapel. The late able 
antiquary, Mr. Gough, in his notes on 
Luton Park, in the *' Bibliotheca To- 
pographica Britanuica,'* has iirrserved 
a tradition that these beautiful carving 
were first put up at Tiitenhanger, id 
Hertfordshire, by Sir Thomas Pope, 
and removed tKence by Sir Robert 
Napier in 1674, when Sir Robeit built 
a chapel at his seat at Luton, the ori- 
ginal deed of consecration of which 
cha|jel has been contributed to this 
work by the Marquess of Bute. Tltis 
tradition has been hitherto adopted by 
subsequent writers; but the learn- 
ed President of Trinity is of opinion, 
that the carvings came from the neigh- 
bouring |>arish church of Luton ; and 
that they were erected at the cost of a 
rich Gild or Fraternity of *< the Holy 
and undivided Trinity, and the must 
blessed Virein Mary,*' who had a 
chapel in Luton Church. The Re- 
gister of this Gild, in the possession of 
the Marquess of Bute, has been consult- 
ed, from which it appeals to have beeu^ 
one of the wealthiest in the kingdom. 

*< It exliibiti an aonnal catalogoe of the 
mastert, wardens, beaihren aod aittert, 
bachelors and maidens, is richly illuminated 
ealligraphj, irith the names of the kings 
and queens of England, bishops, abbots, 
priors, and other persons of c«insequence, 
who were inrolied amongst its mcmliers, or 
noticed OS founders, patrons, and beoebctors. 
The period which it embraces (1476 to 
1546), as well as the reneral character of 
the ornaments, exactly hannooizes with the 
style of emljellishment observable in the La- 
ton chapel ; and from the opolance of tbia 
Society, as well as the patronage which it 
enjoyed, there is every reason to infer, that 
it was capable of producing whatever was 
magnificent in design, or elaborate in eseoa- 

This fraternity was dissolved by 
statute 1 Edw. Vl. and the next year 
its possessions were granted to Ran- 
dolph Bursh and Robert Beverle. This 
book contains many curious particulars 
concerning the value of lands, the 
price of provisions, &c. The accounts 
of their anniversary or yt^arly feasts 
show the magnificence of our ancestors 
in their entertainments. This curious 
mawuscn^l was purchased Aug. 3, 



Kbview. — Foiibun's Hutorg of Biverlcj/. 

778, of Messn. Leigh and Sciiliebv, 
iihcBuciion nf Mr- Hlngciiuii, bouK- 
»«llrr. Ijy Mr. James Mjiihews, who 
(titposeiinf it lo Dr.Ducatd, by wliom 
il wa» |i»Menii<l, Urc. 13, 177!). "> 
Thomai Atilc, Em. who plesenlcil ll 
10 the fir>t Earl of Buic. W« resptct- 
Tully auf unl l» il* prcicnt muiiiricent 
owner, ihut the publiL-alinu nf lliis 
MS wuiilil cnniribuie in iliegr^iilica- 
tjnn of ihe lnvrrs of ilic maimers and 
cuKtomi of |l>e dlilcn iiiiit-s. 

We ihirik the cnojeciurc of Vt. 
Ingram, iibovc siuieil, as lo the 
ikititidtion uf ihcte C4rviii^i, a vtty 
hnppY' one; anil »re of opinion ilim 
ilic public urc much >tiiJebic<l tn Mr. 
iihjw, niiil LO all who huve atsitleil 
him in bis iirdnoui undcrukiiig. 

Btvtrlafi or the Aatuiailiet and HUlory ef 

Ike Tmcn of Bccrrley, in Ihe Cnualy nf 

Torkt Bint ifr the PraeaHry and Cbi/fgiate 

Bilatliilunm of SI. Jahn't; n-irh a mi- 

nail daeripliim of iHt prarnl Hiii%lrr 

ami tht CliHTek of St. Mary, ami olhn 

Vititnl ami modfrn Edyi^i. Compiled 

Jnm nttkralie Rttonh, Chatleri, and 

WOuUMed Manuacriali. wilh numeraui 

RmMiiihmml: By Oeur^e Pimliuu, 

Biq. taf of Ihe Universil'j of O-cfanl. 

ilfh pp- t\e. Plain. Lon^mnii >nj Cu. 

NO nuiii cin ciiimiic ihe possible 

aJiaulDga whicli ihc comniunily \\.a 

ilerivtU I'roiii Topogriphy. Tl>« uid 

wliich it bni p-ivii lo ihe aiiinr \m- 

u\», vo ihe prnL-rvalion nl' Riitr cdijicri, 

■be picturesque jinproveiiieDi of ilie 

cniiniry, Ihe tlei elopement at ill re. 

, ilie Ttliciiy of rural residence. 


Jue of e 

At long at feeling and afleclii 
Au«nce anion, m long will lopograpby 
l>«»e imporunt coniequencei. Every 
man loves hii native nr raiourite places 
«nil if a miiiieu be adored, her poitraii 
M (lei i red, and even a portrait may in- 
vite lovera i and, at perion, m place 
may from deicriptian derive iinpiuve- 
-meat and occupancy ; and wealth and 
bippineu, like tbe waters of a drained 
marsh, ihui iprrad a fertiliiing in- 
fluence over a Deglccted waile. 

Beteflcy is a town which owet lis 
eminence (o an Angto-Saiinn Saint, 
jSud an eiquiiile chinch, ihal forms 
A leinarkable assiinilaiion to West- 
nintter Abbey, and from the weaterii 
.towers of which Sir Chriitopher Wren 
Mgbi u> have laken his paiiem, tn- 
stntd «r subilituiiiig thojc of tit* own 

monfircl ami unchasie style. But, m 
Capibilily Brown Mid that, had U 
created the Vfodd, he would have m*^ 
it beiie.i .o do men of high tal«||i y ejiimaie tl.eir powera.J 
Catiiden has pl.iccd Pttuana Si 
Bevetky, anil the Sett chuplcr is d^. 
vnled lo the British and Ruinan peiio^ 
The indicia a( the fornier proule mk 
distinctly leen in Delgomlia (\fillin2 
Ion), an evident lliiii,h rutiiess. anl«, 
ei'deni to ihc Kumat] occupiiiion, aof 
a leiy considerable meiiupoliian om 
inleii'icd fur a numerous pupulaiioQ. 
the ruriilicatiunx iiiclotini; an acea (|f 
i\ib acres, a S{)uce tuo Lrgc for A^ 
ftriicc by ai) invndinjc army. It h«f' 
nui, lou, the forrm of Uoinan cutfl^ 
iiiciaiinn. Besides this suiion, theif 
are near Beverley Celtic harrows, ou( 
iif which have been excavated BrLtit^ 
urns, a very fine specimen being etfr 
graved in u, 474. i^oine of these baif 
rows merely ciiniaitieU tkelelona, wilbf 
out any si^ns of cremation, and theff 
i>f course were cailier than the othen, 
This eiicumsiancc shows that the 00^ 
cupancy of ihe spot aitjaceni, by tbif 
Brituns, was of ancient and longsiandr 
ing. In the vicinity was a mauufriCr 
tury of celii atid arms, ihtu ducribed : 

" In ih« more Iminedine ncighbonrhoot 
of Bevcrlr;, uu the downs nit of Kirkelhf 
ara lemal circulsr pits or bulai. *ihI nthii 
tvoan WicMicHu of the sila of ■ Bilti^ 
viilsgi, Kljscent l<> >i<i sacieat liaekuny lluf 

EinEs In lbs poisigfl o{ EJit IlamhcT at 
criliy. Ill 1719 ■ l.uthJ nf cetli, ttA 
inclued in ■ muuM or cue ..f nwtsi, »« 
fuund at Bcongh ..ii iba Huniberi sod in 1 
bank, rurinin;; part uftolne exteniiTS earth* 
Wuiki at Skirlau^li, a tirg* ipiBntity ijt 
calls, tjwar-heid], xtnrd-liliuici, &a iM 
Diiiad mrul !ika liran, wai illicovered hi 
tha iraar ISO!), hloag nllh tlwm than 
were aiiu saveral c.iliei of llie aania maul, 
■nd loina inaiin evidentiv fittiag into tU 
neck uf the moniils, in wliidi the etita wer* 
east : tlie 'hole aaa orapped in cnaraa 
ttroDg hnco cloth, pnrtiuoi irlieraof iietf 
ier;r |>et(<H:t, and enclmed in a ease of ■nod, 
wbieh oat broken into piecea by the pUiugh* 
Stotia lialEhets, Dt httlle-aiei, hare also 
been accMiiiDally discuvereil in varlniia 
placts."— p. 5. 

As these remains imply the arts of 
casting meijis and wcavin;;, ihc re- 
mains may be a)(;ribed lo the Roman 
British Era. But the most temark.-ible 
specimen was a brome itaiutc of Mer- 
cury, found near KilnKa on the sea- 
shore. Mercury was, we ktiow, U\t 
(Mlion god of VhcB\\WA«. 

RsTiBWk^Poubon's Hiitonf qf Bectrhif, [March; 


The Roman vettim are moat elai 
boratelj discoiied, but without any 
•atiifaetory result. The Tarious opi« 
niont aro^numerooty and leem to have 
been canted by etymological and spe- 
culative con^eeturei being fubstituted 
for actual investigation, though the 
absurdity is manifest. Stukeley, when 
he made his enthusiastic journey, tra- 
velled along the roads from a given 
acknowledged point; and into what- 
ever mistales nis warm imagination 
M him, he was the first man who 
drew attention to subjecto of anticjuity, 
importantly illustrative of the history 
of this island, which had before been 
unnoticed. The varying statements 
before us have however led us to these 
conclusions ; that Richard of Ciren- 
cester's work may have been a fabrica- 
tion, made out of maps and books; 
that the Itinerary of Antoninus having 
been compiled so early as the year 184 
A. D.< cannot possibly include stations 
fobtequently formed, and productive 
of alterations in the lines of roads ; 
that it being the custom of the Romans 
to ran roads parallel to the British 
trackways, therefore both may elucidate 
each other ; and that lastly, it ts to no 
purpose to write upon the subject of 
Roman roads and stations, without 
ptevioos exploration. 

The Anglo-Saxon history is that 
which is usual, the influence of de- 
votees. But these ancient devotees 
were agents of public benefit. They 
included in their useful religion the 
cultivation of wastes, the support of 
profane learning, and the arts of civi- 
uxation. If they claimed a shilling, 
they conferred a pound. But modern 
devotees seem to have an antipathy to 
every thing that is nseful, because it is 
aecuiar ; as if they could either have a 
shirt to cover their persons, or a loaf 
to cat, or the means of elevating them- 
selves at all. above the beasts of the 
field, without secularization of their 
followers. The fact is, that all these 
ancient asceticisms grew out of the per- 
turbed state of society, which followed 
the subversion of the Roman empire, 
when men became devotees to avoid 
being soldiers. All, therefore, which 
can he said by our author, consists of 
incident relative to the subject. St. 
John of Beverley, in common with his 
contemporaries, performed miracles. 
That these things were professional 

JjfiouM fnuds of the day, is beyond 
oubtf for Wad9xmiWs EngKsh- 

Spaoish Pilgrim, and' many <Hhel' 
books, deuil the processes, as rmlar 
affairs of trade with the religious orders | 
and woe to him who detected their 
tricks, and had not prodence to be 
silent ! 

The Norman era resolves itself into 
the simple fact, that a population 
which would not submit to ne helplcsa 
and unarmed, might be dangerous if 
outnumbered, and might under inatten- 
tion overpower the military garrisons. 
Slavery or extirpation, therefore be- 
came the only alternative ; nor was it 
before the reign of Henry the First, 
when his usurpation compelled him to 
arm the natives against his brother 
Robert, that any thing like an equa- 
lity of condition ensued between the 
invaders and the people at large. But 
this eoualisation was the measure 
which Malmesbury, who lived in that 
SBre, clearly shows established the 
success of Henry. * 

The modes or action by which great 
changes arc effected, are always simple, 
either those of necessity or force, and 
philosophical history only explains the 
machinery of such modes. No man, 
however, can foresee what opinions 
and conduct certain measures may 
produce. Again, the difference of cha- 
racter between the Romans and the 
descendants of their Gothic succes- 
sors, is palpably staring, because it 
merely implied a preponderance of 
barbarism over refinement ; but there 
was a strange adoption of Roman cus- 
toms disfij^red by northern intellect ; 
of the habits without the mind ; of the 
things retained, and the taste lost ; of 
interest in the preservation, and none 
in the execution ; of books written^ 
but with indifference as to the matter; 
and of painting and sculpture with