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1 



^ :"' '*.; 



• • ■ • 



154844 



J. m. Ktcaoht AMD eoK, 85, pawliaihmT'Stbsst. 



PREFACE. 



"THERE is, jierhaps, (says Dr. Johnson,) no nation in which it 
is so necessary as in our own to assemble from time to time the 
small tracts, and fugitive pieces, which are occasionally published j 
for, besides the general subjects of inquiry which are cultivated by 
us in common with every learned nation, our constitution in 
Church and State naturally gives birth to a multitude of per- 
formances, which would either not have been written, or could 
not have been made public, in any other place." This remark of 
Dr. Johnson not only holds good when applied to pamphlets and 
other small tracts separately published, but may justly be ex- 
tended to all works where the commimication of opinions or 
statements is concisely given, or where it does not necessarily 
involve the publication of the author's name ; where sentiments 
may be delivered, and questions argued, without any fear of repu- 
tation being hazarded, and where, perhaps, the first spark of truth 
may be elicited, the full importance of which cannot be accurately 
ascertained, nor the extent of the future development, perhaps, 
suspected. How many essays and controversies on subjects of 
Art and Literature have appeared for the first time in the pages 
of the Gentleman's Magazine, which, afterwards, having been di- 
gested into order, and expanded into a full exhibition of the argu- 
ment, have formed volumes of standard reference necessary to the 
inquiries of the Scholar and Antiquary. Thus one advantage 
which a Magazine like ours possesses, is, in many cases, to exhibit 
the rise and progress of opinions, to be the means by which 
prejudice may be dissolved, error disentangled, and truth re- 
r overed. 

For enabling us to gratify the curiosity of the public in that 
portion of our Magazine which is set apart for the reception of 
original communications, we have to thank many intelligent and 
friendly correspondents ; while we, as Editors of the work, are 
answerable to the public for all diligence and inquiry, and careful- 
ness of selection. 

As concerns another branch of our work, some one has classed 
*'the Reviewers of books among the disturbers o{\i\im«(v Q^"fc\.;^* 



but this censure, we trust, is hardly applicable to us, whose 
endeavour has been rather to select proper objects for the atten- 
tion of our readers, than to anticipate their judgment by any 
censure of our own. Everything that is in excess defeats its own 
purpose ; and the malignant severity of the critic will soon be 
harmless to all but himself. 

Our Retrospective dejjartment is formed on the conviction that, 
while modern books are multiplied without number, there is much 
still left in the learned volumes of our ancestors tliat has been put 
aside by more attractive novelties, or forgotten for want of earlier 
records, like our own, which could separate the more valuable por- 
tions of a work, and point them out to attention, while they as yet 
formed ^ the literature of the day. Time too stamps its value on 
things of no intrinsic importance ; and many a worthless pamphlet 
and forgotten tract has become suddenly immortal, by its acci- 
dentally throwing light upon a passage of Shakspeare, 

As regards our Obituary, (a portion of our Magazine which has 
always stood high in public estimation,) our memorials of the de- 
ceased, and our estimate of their characters, must, from the very 
nature of the subject, be sometimes less copious than we could 
wish — in a few instances perhaps erroneous, since we cannot 
always depend upon our materials ; but we can say, that there is 
no part of our Magazine which is attended to with more punc- 
tilious care than this ; that we search extensively for the collec- 
tion of our materials, and that we endeavour to bring the most 
unbiassed mind to the survey of the characters and lives of those 
who have earned in different ways an honourable station in th^ 
annals of their country. 

SYLVANUS URBAN. 




THE 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 

JULY, 1838. 



By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



CONTENTS. 

MivoR CoRKSspoNDSNCK. — Aothor quoted by Lord Hailes ? — fiirds found in 

Ireland — Some less obvious Etymologies S 

LocKH aet's Life of Sir Walter Scott 3 

Notirea of the Family of Furbour or Furber 31 

Letter of Mr. H. N. Coleridge to Mr. Daniel Stuart 32 

Anecdotes of Coleridge and of London Newspapers 33 

Stourton CRnRCR, Wiltshire ; and the Sepulchral Memorials of the Family 

of Hoare (VtVA a Pte/eJ 34 

The Welsh, Irish, and Gaelic Languages • 31 

A Visit to a Monastery ot La Trappk 34 

Admission of a Vicar by the Commissioners for Pnblick Preachers, 1657 40 

Ecclesiastical Changes effected by the Church Commissioners 41 

Sonnet by the Rer. W. L. Bowles, on receiving an Ear Trumpet 44 

On the Presomed Intercourse of Ducks and Toads 44 

Kf.tro8pkctiti: Review — Old French Literature. — Mysteries of St. 6ene- 

Ti^ve — Romances of Robert the Devil, and King Flore, &c 45 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 
Remains of Rev. R. H. Froude, 49. — Faber's Primitive Doctrine of Justi- 
fication, 54. — Gibson's Etymological Geography, 55. — Gaily Knight's Nor- 
mans in Sicily, 56. — Nichols's Beaucliamp Monuments, 60. — Keightley's 
History of England, 64. — Restoration of Edward IV. (published by the 
Camden Society), 66. — Bosworth's Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 69. — Lymps- 
field and its Environs, 70. — Miscellaneous Renews 73 

FINE ARTS. — Drawings in the Royal Academy. — Came's Constantinople .... 73 

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 
New Publications, 75. — Roxbuighe Club, 76. — Unirersities, 77.— Royal, Lin- 

nean, and Electrical Societies, Royal Institute of British Architects .... 7B 

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES. — Sodety of Antiquaries, 80.— Greek 

and Etruscan Vases 63 

H1.ST0RICAL CHRONICLE.— Proceedings in Parliament, 83.— Foreign 

News, 87. — Domestic Occurrences , 88 

PromoUons, Births, Marriages......... 90 

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of the Prince de Talleyrand ; Sir C. H. Fklmer, 
Bart. ; Sir R. C. Hoare, Bart. ; T. A. Knight, Esq. ; Rear-Adm. Tobin ; 
Col. A. Hamilton ; Capt. Barker; Commander Ptynn 93 

Clergy Deceased, &c. &c .',.,, 104 

Bill of Mortality— Markets— Prices of Shares, 111. — Meteorological Diary- 
Stocks 112 

Embellished with a Vieir of Stovrtos Cnvncn, Wiltshire, tad tbft lUias^QWiMl. 
of Sir R. C. Hoabb, 



2 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



* 



* 



J. M. inquires to wbtt jxililicnlion 
Lord HulcR alludes in the following noU<, 
which occurs at p. :2C7 of hia " Inquiry 
into the SecondHry Causes which Gtbbon 
usilpied for the rapid Growth of Chris* 
lianity:" — " Bytheaidof Uarheyrae Ihnve 
diicovercd the sentiments which Auguntu:* 
entcrt&iaed on this subject (i. c. the rapid 
progress of Christianity) .'" Although ab- 
surd enough, they do not seem to be such 
as Mr. Gibbon asitigns to hiui. / have 
tatehj dinovrrrd that a very ingmioia 
pemon hat madt ihf same obttrvation, 
end /lax pointed out a want qf accuracy iu 
Ihe hitlorian whom he admires. In the 
same critique he has hometliing of Sar. 
eaitnt which ia (lingular enough. The 
treatise here alluded to ought to have 
been entitled, "Essays on Female Celi- 
bncy." Its present title is much too ludi- 
crous for a trea-tise written, as may be 
presumed, with a grave purpose. 

J . M.S. sends the following additions 
to his account of the birds found in Ire- 
land:—" Black-backed G\iU, Larui mari- 
MM .* shot at Larnelough ; — rar«. Horn 
Owl, Strijc OtM; very rare ; sliot near 
Carrickfergus in the summer of 1837. 
Goosander, Meri/u* irrrator. shot on a 
dam at Carrickfergus in Jan. 18:iM. In 
the winter of 183G-T, n Pochard, Ana* 
/erina, was wounded and taken olive on 
the Antrim shore of Carrickfergus bay. 
It was a male, and the wound being soon 
healed it became domesticated with the 
common duck, to one of which it became 
particularly attached. When let out of 
the house iu the morning it emitted a loud 
whistling sound, and remained witb the 
docks until stolen in April IB3H." 

Wc shall bo happy to receive Mr. 
M'Skimin's Sketch of the Ancient His- 
tory of the County of Antrim. 

Mr. GtTKST's letter shall appear in our 
next Magaiine. 

J. W. B. will feel partictilartv ..i.i;«^.i 
to any one who will point out t' 
of a view of Ostcrley House, in 
M it appeared previous to the cicciiou t.i 
the present mansion. 

I In W. Babmbs's 
June: 
P, 694, line I, for '• Nwitanelo, 
Neotaneho. 
— /„„ u. .u,,u Lib. ,„, f^\j 
X. 
"- , ' /»i fhc fioilcm I 

" Parrot," i-f- 
— /**f to. i /^y 

taow,"refff/r; Know 



communication in 



rtotl 



H. 



i/7i"i- 



;iity 



He sends a few less obTioua etymolo- 
gies :— 

Alkuran. Arab. Al, the, and kHrtm 
rending : the reading. 

Austria. A Latinlicd shnpe of the Ger- 
man name Otierreich : ititrr, east, and 
rtich, kingdom. 

Uender. >iame of sr.vcTal towns in the 
east. Bandar, the port. 

Bedouin Arobs. Arab. liadun, a De- 
sert ; and Bfidweeun, an inhabitant of tlie 
Dc«ert. 

Caravan. Pcrs. Carvin, 

Caravanscra. Per*. Carwant a coin 
pany of trarellcrs ; and lura, a house or 
an inn. 

Corban. An offering to God, The 
word is found with this meaning in many 
of the Eastern languages. Mairee jiin ti'ij 
pur kiirbuH hojeeo : " that my life could 
be an offering for thee.'* Hindoo Selec- 
tions. 

Divan. A council in the East. Arab. 
Deewanvn. 

Emir. A governor, particuLirly la 
Arabia Felix; Arab, ameerun, a mler. 

Hindoostiin. Pern. Hi ' ■ ' ' '■. and 
ttdn, place ; the place ot 

Hejira. The flight of Al J from 

Mecca, A.D. ti'2^. Arab, si-tujratwt, Ui 
departure. 

MaeUtrom ; the whirlpool near Nor 
way. In Swedish, 3/ii/«frvnt, Molestraroe^i 
a whirlpool. 

Algesira ; the ancient Mesop(^tan1ia.. 
Arab, al, tlie ; jexeerat, island j io rr.fcr-i 
ence to its being insulated by the rive: 
Euphrates and Tigris. 

Mahommed, properly Mohammed. Arab 
iftifinvimniinn , the l)lV^5fll, or [imised 
fl"i" r iirnisc. 

Rusg. Meicr^ 
ncn , ■j,„„., . own. 

Otter of ro- i^Tr, prrfume 

Parsi'e* ; fu^ ';, '■' '" India, ike, 

Pcrs. Partee, a Fenian ; their ancestoratj 
the nnfirnt Persians, having been ftre 

ii|ioi of Roasia. Rum. ttepi 



n 



ttock, a clc 

■nf A rhiitrf I 



i"! 
A: 



;'Mii.. I iri! wrmtiriii m me cRir. Ant 
tiUhtn, a thread. 



Bothd 
propoBt. 

ac«cpteUi, 



THE 

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



LOCKHARTS LIFE OF SCOTT. TtoIb. 

SOME few years have now elapsed since a funeral procession was seea 
winding along the banks of the Tweed, and darlcening its waters as it 
passed, carrying the mortal remains of the great Minstrel of the Nmth 
to repose in the monastic sepnlchre he himself bad selected. Thoi^ the 
private tear which was given freely to the rememlnvnce of Sir Walter 
Scott's domestic virtues may have now ceased to 6ow, the popular grati- 
tude and curiosity are still alive ; nor would they, we think, have been 
satisfied with any thing less than the copious narrative and the minute and 
faithful details of the life of their great and favourite viriter that have 
appeared in the work before us. Indeed it is impossible to have wished that 
the important task of communicating to the public a full and accurate ac- 
count ^ the eminent person whom they so admired, had been placed in any 
other hands. Mr. Lockhart united to all the familiarity of intimate acquaint- 
ance, those talents which have enabled him to appreciate and delineate the 
genius of Scott with accuracy and discrimination ; and he alone possessed 
those ample and confidential records, which enabled him to give a finished 
and full-length portrait of the departed Bard. For ourselves, we must 
express our cordial satisfaction with the spirit and manner in which tbn 
very interesting Inc^raphy is composed : less, as we observed, would not 
have satisfied the public mind ; and it must have been additional matter 
of extraordinary value which could have made the portrait of Scott's private 
and social character more complete. All has been gained that could be 
desired, without breaking the sanctity of private intercourse, or unlocking 
that hidden drawer in ivhich the confidential secrets of all families* 
repose. We see him in every varying situation of his active and ener- 
getic life, in " the musing rambles among bis own glens, the breezy ride 
over the moors, the merry spell at tbe woodman's axe, or the festive 
chase of Newark, Femiglen, or Delorain, the quiet old-fashioned con- 
tentment of the little domestic circle, alternating with the brilliant phan- 
tasmagoria of admiring and doubtless admired strangers, or the hoisting of 
the telegraph flag that called laird and bonnet laird to the burning of the 
water, or the wassail of the hall." 

The whcde portrait we consider to be most satisfactory, not only to the 
friends and relations of Scott, but to all who love to cherish the belief of tbe 
firm alliance between genius and the high moral qualities and virtues of tbe 
heart.t Scott is seen in Mr. Lockhart 's pages under the full blaze of the 
domestic lamp ; and few indeed are the parts of his character that require 
to be softened or drawn into the slightest shade, t We view bin in 

* " I never thought it lawful to keep a jonmal of what passes in private Mdety ; 
so that BO one need expect fnm the sequel of this narrative any deteiled record of 
Scott's familiar t»ai."—Lorkhart't Ltfe, toI. n. p. 150. 

t See p. 413 — tI5 of Mr. Lockhart's seventh Tolome for interesting remarks en 
Scott's rdigioos feelings and virtaoos conduct. 

t See the eoadnaioB of Banl Hall's Diurj, voL v. p. 4l$— 4\«, tomni «a\&» 
duiacter oiScott't cbMncter. 



these contidentini pagrs in many A'arlfliis situations and relations, 
under nmny chaiipcs of fortinif. Wc sec liim at one tinir rising to tiic full 
summit of worldly honour and prosperity ; and we sco him, too, i)H>r»^ 
suddenly thrown down by a calamitous reverse of fortune : w«- we liiia 
now commanding fresh creations for ever to rise at liis bidditif! ; and a^ain 
wc iH'hoId him bending in dismay over the ])Owerfnl crucible which had 
been in an instant shattered to pieces, the fires extinct, and the ftimncci 
cold.* At one time wc see him in the frank joyousocss and the briglit hopes J 
of the gayest and most commanding spirit ; and uc view him, too, in later j 
years, when care had eaten into that iitdde heart, and sorrow had bioketi ( 
down tliat (K>werful intellect. ^Ve view him in the full posHC^sion of hiii 
gigantic powers, when thought and lalwur, tliat woidil liavc overwhehne<l 
ordinary nien,t were borne by him as the light amuKLMncnt of a summer 
day ; and we see him when the Imw he alone could bend was broken, and 
its now useless strings were trailing on llie ground. At one time he ap- 
]>eitrs stauding like an enchanter in the centre of the wonderful and ima- 
ginary creation which he had raiscil ; and again he is seen w hen the sceptroj 
of comuiand had dropimd from his hand, ^\hen the loagic palace wasj 
ciupty, and his empire for ever gone. 

It is imj>ossiblc not to watch with great interest the ])ri^cS6 of Scotti 
from the time when his name first appeared in the Htid of literature, 
witli arms and device as yet unknown to fame; to the peilod when he 
subsequently came into the li.sls to claim still higher honours, cased in 
armour, dark and mysterious ; an<l when he retired, amid the enlbu- 
siasui and in<juirics of the spectators, his vizor still closed, hid iiauic 
unheard, and his features unknown. 

The purpose which wc have in view in this our brief mention of Mr. 
Lockhart's book, is neither to recapitulate the circumstances and events 
of Scott's life, which will be read and known by all in the original work; 
nor is it to enter into argumentative dettill and analyses of his writings, < 
which have been the subject of much able antl ingenious eritlcism froiaj 
niaoy writers of eminence ; but rather to show from the original cvidcnci 
of his owu works, and the attentive observation of his friends, whnt 
were the foundntions on which his genius had built this lofty and ex* 
tended fabric — to mark the original and native powers v\ith which he wi 
gifted, and the improvement which these powers received, as well as frot 
the habits and pursuitii of hid active life, us in the seclusion of his .^tmlioiii 
hours. So that, however extraordinary, and ab'jve all common cxertionl 
and ability, were the cmauationK of Scott's getiiui ; yet we have the sa-' 
tisfaclion of nndcrstaudiiig and a.'sccrtainiiig thoir growth, — of u ttne8sin| 
the first collection of materials, — the choice and disposition of ihcm; an« 
of acknowledging that an originnlly ricJi ami niitive genius, united with 
those resources which welUdircetcd study and Inimrious research could give*, 
were iUone equal to the noble undertakings that he achieved. 

The constituents of genius h»i>e been genrrally supposed to be — first! 
« rapid instinctive tact or feeling which seizes u|>uu tlumghts and iden 
and appropriates them ; — secondly, u bright imagination which rcilects aii^ 

for two years ; in- 



,\< 



vhiie tVtcUiUog x» huu. f , vii. j>. 41. 



1838.] lAtckhart's Life of ScQil. 5 

(niots tbem as in a mirror ; — thirdly, a sensibility to impressions, tender or 
powerful ; and a syuopatby which enables the author to catch the opinions 
ami feelings of others. These, Scott apjieared eminently to possess. 
To the first, he owed the rapidity of his ideas, — the readiness of his com- 
binations, and the happine88x>f his analogies and allusions. To the second, 
the clear and distinct manner in which he carried out of bis mind the images 
which were created there ; the variety of his allusions and illustrations, 
and that versatility of fancy which could turn from grave to gay, from 
the sublime and terrible to the pathetic, the festive, or the tender ; that 
conld invest the outline of form with the richness of the most graceful 
drapery ; so that all parts and provinces of external nature seemed open 
to his incursions ; that sometimes he could come sweeping down to earth, 
at others soar aloft to heaven. The third enabled him to give such 
dramatic powers to his scenes and pictures of social life ; to enter as by 
right into every feeling and passion of our nature ; to catch the most im- 
portant features of character, and the deepest shades of thought ; to re- 
flect the fertility and humour of the bright and overflowing spirit, or to 
pour forth the despairing voice of nature crying from the tomb. Scott's 
was emphatically a picturesque imagination, and what is called an outward 
and objective mind.* He had not the power given to him which Sbak- 
speare possessed, of carrying the torch into the deepest abysses of the 
human heart, and of throwing a light, unseen before, on its darkest and 
most profound retreats. He had not that eagle gaze, (never seen again) 
which, like the scalpel of the great surgeon, was said to penetrate even 
mto the awful and secret springs of life and death. But all but this was 
given to him ; and in the fertility of his resources, — the rapidity of his 
combinations, — the variety of his scenes, situations, and characters, — 
tlie life and spirit of his narrative, — the force and beauty of his descrip- 
tions, — the minute and living accuracy of his delineations, he must claim 
the title of a great original genius— of that which does not borrow its 
materials from what has been collected and used before, but works rather 
like nature from its own resources, and derives life and motion from itself. 
To this we attribute the excellencies of his finest creations, — the true 
splendour and sublimity of his descnptions, — the copiousness of his lan- 
guage, — the richness and profusion which rarely encumbers, but far more 
often adorns ; and we must add something of still higher value, — prin- 
ciples uniformly just, and sensibilities always virtuous ; a rooted dishke 
to all that is dastardly and selfish, and an admiration of all high and heroic 
desires. Mr. Adolphus has marked the correctness of morals as well as the 
propriety of manners, by which these novels are distinguished. With Scott's 
great and masculine understanding, he achieved great purposes and at- 
tuned an imperishable fame ; and we now will trace, as we proposed, a 
few steps of his intellectual progress, with the ^issistance of the narrative 

• " I do not compare myself in point of imagination with Wordsworth for fruit, 
for his is naturally exquisite and highly cultivated from constant exercise. But I 
can see as many castles in the clouds as any man, — as many genii in the circling 
smoke of a steam engine, — as perfect a Pcrsepolis in the embers of a sea-coal fire." — 
Diary, vol. vii. p. 5. See also, — " I have worn a wishing cap, the power of which 
baa been to divert present griefs by a touch of the wand of imagination," &c. vol. vi. 
p. 180. To this prevalence of the imaginative power, we must ascribe what 
Scott's friends called " a blind enthusiasm for the dreams of bygone ages." — voL iv. 
p. 156. See tUs illostrated in the account of the opening of the R(^«li» Qf ^cki^* 
Uod, p. )19. 



Lockhavt'$ Life of Scoic. 



[Jaly. 



before aa, and reserve for the end some olwcrvBtions on the species of 
writing in which he so eminently excelled, but which he did not a[>pcar 
himself to estimate according to the delight and admiration it so widely 
diffused. 

Scott's mother, we are informed, had a turn for literature quite an- 
couimon among the ladies of that age, and encouraged her son in his pas- 
sion for Shakspeare ; so that his plays and the Arabian Nights were often 
read in the family circle by Walter: this was poets' food. In another 
place Scott himself says, — 

** My week-day tasks were more agrce- 
«blc ; my lameness nniJ my solitary habits 
bud mnde cne a tolerable reader, and my 
bourN of leisure were usually spent ia 
reading; oloud to my mother Pope's 
TroiisliitioTi of Homer, which, ejtcepting 
a few traditionary ballads, and the songa 
in Allan Romsay'is Evergreen, was the 
finest poetry I perased. My mother 
had good natural taste and great feeling : 
ihc used to make me pause on those 
^^■aanges which cx|>re!taed generous and 
Vrortby sentiments, and if she could not 
divert me from those which were de- 
scriptive of battle and tumult, the con- 



trived at least to divide my attentioB ba<* 
tween them. My own cnthusiann, how- 
ever, was chiefly awnkened by the won- 
derful and the terrible — the common 
taste of children, but in wLirb I luve 
reiumued a child even uulo thiii day. I 
got by heart, not as a task, but obuost 
without intending it, the pa!«sAges with 
which I was most pleased, and used to 
recite them aloud, both when alone and 
to others, more willingly, however, in my 
hour.M of solitude, for I bad observed some 
auditors smile, and I dreaded ridicule at 
that time of life more than I have ever 
done since." 



Scott describes himself as ncqatriug a great acquaintance with the old 
books describing the early history of the Church of Scotland, the wars and 
suflerings of the Covenanters, and so forth, ^^'ith a head on fire for 
chivalry, he was early a cavalier and a tury ; he hated presbytcriaiia, ami 
admired Montropc with his victorious highUndcrs, 



" I took up (be uys) my politics at 
that period, as King Charles the Second 
did his religion, from an idea that the 
cavalier creed was the more gentleman- 
like persunsion of the two. In the mean 
while my acquaintance with Kuttlish lite- 
rature was gradually exti n ' It'; in 
the intervals of my sch 1 Lad 
always perused with Bviili;_, '- nf 
history, or poetry, or voyages -i 
■8 chance presented to me, no! j. 
the usual or rather ten times Lito usual 
quantity of fairy tales, eastern stories. 
roiii '' 7" - . . ■■. . 



tliuu^..: . ... 
play or p<xi 
that she mi. 



ti. 

f. 

in, 
ft I 

Ih'' iKn 

UwMti 
I VW It 



lll}lLc). Hlliuil liC 

the oiijHiftumtv 



posited since nine o'clock. Chiince, how- 
ever, threw in my way n poetii-al preerp- 
tor. This was no other than the excel- 
lent and bcDcvolcnt Dr. Black lock, well 
known at thnt time as a literary charno- 
ter. I know not how 1 attracted his at.- 
ten'' ..... ... r,iin;» 

mu I -iu It 

wa.i, ... -: - ... -.-- .. ... , ired 

guest. The kmd old ma . mc 

the stores of his library, ; . li hla 

recommendation 1 became iiitimatc with 
Ossian and Spenser. I wns deliKrhted 
'-' ' ' ' ■ ■• • -' • , ^ {!,, 

I tha 

I her 

ted 

• 1 . . : read 

tin tvui. Tuu juuui4 tu Uoulik' luyscU 

about the allegory, 1 considered all the 

knighti aad ladiea as dragon* and giants, 

in their outward and exoterlo •«nM>, and 



l.f.A 



r.ln I. I 



>.•- 



.(. ticrl.(r,< I ..- 



ill my tutiutuy v>t. 
ins, the iiuAiklilv I 



18S8.J 



Leckiart'9 Li/e qf Seott. 



Mb acted nereiy upon iti own cajnidont 
■othes, and aaiglit haTe enabled me to 
idopt old Seattle of Mickladale'i answer 
mkm complimented hj a certain rererend 
dinne on the strength of the same faculty, 
' No, sir,' answered the old borderer, ' I 
liare no command of my memory. It 
only retains what hits my fancy, and 
probably, sir, if yon were to preach to me 
for two hoars, I would not be able when 
Ton finidied to remember a word you had 
been saying.' My memory was precisely 
of the same kind, it seldom fiiiled to pre- 
scrre moat tenadonsly a fiiToarite passage 
of poetry, a play-house ditty, or above all 
a border-raia ballad ; but names, dates, 
aad the other technicalities of history 
e s c ap ed me in a most melancholy degree. 
The {ddlosophy of history, a much more 

With BQch an early store of knowledge, hastily gathered, and with an 
appetite for fresh acquirements indiscriininating as it was indefatigable, 
Soott left the High School of Edinburgh for the country ; but the pr(^res8 
of his opening genius, and the account of the works which fed his young 
imagination, must be given in his own interesting language. 



important subject, was abo a sealed book 
at this period of my life, but I gradually 
assembled mnch of what was striking and 
picturesque in historical narrative ; and 
when in riper years I attended more to 
the deduction of general principles, I wan 
furnished with a powerful host of ex- 
amples in illustration of them. I was, in 
short, like an ignorant gamester who kept 
up a good hand until he knew how to play 
it. I left the High School, therefore, with 
a great quantity of general information, 
ill arranged indeed, and collected without 
system, yet deeply impressed upon my 
mind, readily assorted by my power of 
connexion and memory, and gilded, if I 
may be permitted to say so, by a yivid and 
active imagination." 



"Among the valuable acquisitions I 
■ade about this time was an acquaintance 
with Taaao's Jerusalem Delivered, through 
the flat medium of Mr. Hoole's transla- 
tkn ; but, above all, I then first became 
aequaiated with Bishop Percy's Reliques 
of Ancient Poetry. As I had been from 
in&ncy devoted to legendary lore of this 
utnre, and only reluctantly withdrew my 
attention from the scarcity of materials 
and die rudeness of those which I pos- 
sessed, it may be imagined, but cannot 
be described, with what delight I saw 
pieces of the same kind which had amused 
my childhood, and still continued in secret 
the Delilahs of my imagination, con- 
sidered as the subject of sober research, 
grave commentary, and apt illustration, by 
an editor who showed his poetical genius 
was capable of emulating the best quali- 
ties of what his pious labours preserved. 
I remember well the spot where I read 
these volumes for the first time. It was 
beneath a huge platanns tree, in the ruins 
of what had been intended for an old- 
bahioned arbour in the garden I have 
mentioned. The summer-day sped on- 
ward BO fast, that, notwithstanding the 
sharp apjpetite of thirteen, I forgot the 
hour of cunner, was sought for with anx- 
iety, and was still found [/ound ntill] 
eatnaced in my intellectual banquet. To 
rand aad to remember was in this instance 
dw same thing, and henceforth I over- 
whelmed my schoolfellows and all who 
would hearken to me with tragical reci- 
tationa from the ballads of Bishop Percy. 
Tke ftnt tiue, too, J eoaU terape a few 
iUBimgr tvgotiigrf which wag aota com. 



mon occurrence with me, I bought unto 
myself a copy of these beloved volumes, 
nor do I believe I ever read a book half so 
frequently or with half the enthusiasm. 
About this period, also, I became ac- 
quainted with the works of Richardson 
and those of Mackenzie (whom in later 
years I became entitled to call my friend), 
with Fielding, Smollett, and some others 
of our best novelists. To this period also 
I can trace distinctly the awakening of 
that delightful feeling for the beauties of 
natural objects which has never since de- 
serted me. The neighbourhood of Kelso, 
the most beautiful, if not the most ro- 
mantic, village of Scotland, is eminently 
calculated to awaken such ideas. It pre- 
sents objects not only grand in themselves 
but venerable from their associations. 
The meeting of the superb rivers the 
Tweed and the Tcviot, both revered in 
song, — the ruins of an ancient abbey, — 
the more distant vestiges of Roxburgh 
Castle, — the modem mansion of Fleurs, 
which is so situated as to combine the 
ideas of ancient baronial grandeur with 
those of modern taste, — are in themselves 
objects of the first class ; yet are so 
mixed, united, and melted among a thou- 
sand other beauties of a less prominent 
description, that they harmonize into one 
general picture, and please rather by 
unison than by concord. The romantic 
feelings which I have described aa predo- 
minating in my mind, naturallv rested 
upon and associated themselves with those 
grand features of the landscape txtrasA 
me ; and the histoTlcal Vndistits ox tc«i&* 
tjoaal legeikds connected idlfti Tnaavj tA 



Lockharl's Life of Scott. 



[Jnly, 



our fathers' piety nn<I splendonr, b«cain» 
witli me nil insatiable paesioD, whicli 
if circutiiataiiircs li.ml pciiiiiU«<l, W-oulill 
willingly have gratilird by travelling ovtt I 
bull' I be zlubc." 



thera. gave to my aJmirntion • aortof 
intense impreaisian of reverence, wliicli at 
times iiiiide my henrt feel too big for my 
bo8<iui. Front III is time the love of na> 
liiral Ijcniity, more especiully nben com- 
bineJ witb ancient ruins, or remains of 

It appears that of Greek Scott kiictv, and cared to knoAv, notliing ; 
and to cover his retreat with the iippoarance at least of a reasonable 
detemiinntion, he Burjirised and nflTeiuk'.! his master with an essay firoving 
the superiority of Ariostoover Homer. The Latin chissics he also eschewed, 
118 tlicy were ihoiiplit too miicii akin to the (Jreck ; but the languajie of 
Rome he endeavoured to preserve in his memory, by an occfisional porniuil 
of Mattliew Paris and Buchanan. Professor Dalzell prophosiod that 
dunce he vas. and dunce he was to remain: a prediction as accurately veri- 
fied aa most others made about the future fiuit of genius, ere the blossom 
has begun to act. The following confession, accompanied as it is with the 
very Ix'st and most salutary advice, does credit to the manliness and can- 
dour of the author's character : — 



sion even for on idle workman who had 
BO narrow a foundation to buUJ upon. 
If, however, it should ever fall to the lot 
of youth to peruse these pogcs, Irt auch n 
reader remember that it is with the deep- 
est regret that I recollect in my mnnhood 
the opportunities of leoming which I 
neglected in my youth ; that through every 
pnrt of my literary career, 1 have fell 
pinched and hampered by my own igno- 
mnce, and that 1 would ut this moment 
give half the reputntion I havo had thu 
good fortune to ttcquire, if. by doin^ to, 
I could rest the remaiiiinK part upon 
a «ound foundalion of learniDg and aci* 
ence." 



*' In other nudies I was more fortunate. 
I made .soiuc progress in Ethica under 
Professor John Brurc; and was itelei^trd 
n.s one of his students whose progress he 
approved, to read an essay before Prin- 
cijml Robertson. I was further instructed 
in Morid Philosophy at the clasft of Mr. 
Dngald Stuart, whose striking and impres- 
sive eIoi|ueqce riveted the attention even of 
the most volatile student. To s«m up 
my ocadcmical »tudie.i, I attended the 
rlftjs of History, then taught by the prc- 
ticut Lord Woodhousclee ; nad, as for an 
1 can remember, no others, riccplitig 
those of the Civil and Municipnl Ln\r. So 
that if ttiy learning be tlimsy and inuccu- 
rnte, the reader must have liome oom|KUi- 

We trace Scott's early path still winding deeper into the land of ro« 
niantic poetry and lepcndary fable. Tressan's romances, the Biblio* 
th^tpie IMcuc and Bibliotheqnc dc Uotnana, liecamc familiar to hint; 
and he wa8 intiaiate with the works uf Dante, Boiardo, Puici, and otliersj 
of the eminent Italian poets j he fa.steijs, to nse his own language, " like] 
a tiger" on every collection of old sonf;5 aixl romances, which chance^ 
strewed in his w.iy. Vcrtut's *' Knightti of Malta," a b(K)k which as it 
hoverctl bi'tween history and romance, was exceedingly dear lo him ; and 
as he had again a love of the study of history as connected with niilitaryj 
rventa, Orme's e\celh'nt " Histor)' of Indostun" w:ifl highly esteemed l>yl 
liiio. Scott aUo delighted iu travelling. It wa* a prupensity, he iiHy",| 
which he sometimes indulged so nn'lnly ns to alarm and vex hisl 
parents. Wood, water, wilderness itself had an inexpressible charm fori 
him, and he had a dreamy way of <;oing tnueh further than he intended, 
iiu that unconsciously hit* retuin was jirotraeted, and hix parents Itnd !tunie< 
times cause for unensincst. His father told him that he thought he wa 
itoru to he a stmlling |tedlnr. and even nnder (hat cottccit, Scott d'lri 
not diklikc the vagrant liberty it seemed to prcHiinu?. 

*' Tlie pHoripal object (he *aya) in ing romnntto arenery, or what alT<inii . 
thf& pjicuniionM wu tlic j)lcaaurc of ceo- me at leaat ^{ual pleainre, the placrta 



1 




ujtou llie c'i'lri>r.ilt:tl liuiil- 
\he battteiuenlB of Slirltng' 
n not by any meoiia jufcr 
id to the feeling of pic- 
•- "M »Vp {•oiitmry, few- 
nil e6r«ct« ; but 
ye of ■ painter, 
ifious (mrt^ of tbe scrue.4, 
nd bow the one bore upon 
estimate the effect wliioU 
s of the view had in pro- 
'•-'■ "•• ' '.-i-nernl effect, I 
ipable of doiii^ 
.'ty, though my 
lavc led iiie to amend and 
^•iii!i! ide«f< nn the kubjeet. 
Ach I long 
of these 
iioui a defect 



Jin'il illlflvsltA* llir 



of vye or hand, was totally ineffectual. 



After long ^tiidy and many efforts, I was 

nmWe to Hpply the effects of perspective 

or of ihade to the scene before me, and 

■".'1 to relinquish in despair an 

I was most anxions to practise ; 

. ... me an old castle or a field of 

battle, and I was at home at once, filled 
it tvith combstantj ta their proper cos- 
tume, and overwhelmed my hearera by 
the enthusiasm of my deacription. In 
ct'oggiDg Maxjton-Moor, near St. An- 
drew's, the jpirit mored me to give a 
picture of the a«iMaaination of the Arch- 
bishop of St. Andrew'* to some fellow 
travellers, with whom I was accidentally 
ajsOciated, and one of them, though well 
acquainted with the story, protested my 
narrative had frightened away his ni^ht'i 
sict'p. I mention this to show the dis- 
tinction between a senae of the pictu> 
resque in action and in scenery. If I 
have since been able in poetry to trace 
with some success the principles of the 
latter, it has always been with reference 
to its general and leading features, or 
under xotne alliance with moral feeling, 
and even this proficiency bait co»t me 
study.'' 






lu mu»!c, Scott says, it was still worse ; the defects of his voice and 
car soon drove his teacher to despair, and it wss ouly by long practice 
that he acquired the power of selecting or dlstiDgtiisliiiig melodies. About 
1788, he says, he began to feel and take his ground in society: a ready 
Viil, a good deal of enthusiasm, and a perception that sooti ripened into 
tact and ubdervatiun of character, rendered him an acceptable companion 
to maay yoong men whose acquisitions in philosophy and science were 
' '' ■ ' f'Crior to an\thing he could boast. The quantity of ponder- 
< llaneous knowledge which he really possessed on many sub- 
jctts, v»as not easily condensed, or brought to bear upon the object he 
wished jMirticularly to become master of. Yet there occurred opportuni- 
tir- 'is " odd lumber of his brain," especially that which was con- 

nri the recondite parts of history, did him " yeoman's service." 

" y y of events was like one of the large old-fashioned stone 

cam lie Turks, very difficnlt to load well and discbarge, but making 

powerful effect when by good chance any object came within range of its 
»hot." Snch were the natural propensities, the inherent genius, and 
tliC early acquiremculs of the future master of romantic fiction. He 
tays, that his consciousness of exL$teuce dated from Saudy-Kuowe. 



i 



4 



i 



" How deep and iiulciible {addi Mr. 
Lookkart) wu the imprreKiua which its 
ranantif lofalitleff had Wt "n his iroagi- 
aati.' reader of 

M>; "hu. Od 

tt* ■■•niK .... ii overhung 

Hit fiuvi "' round tuwer 

of Smaili <>f that tine 

b*Dad I and tli. .' takes in 

a wide erj'afl-i lo which, 

■a I' Ij aaul, fvirj' JJtM hoj* ils 

I. ... Vol.. X. 



mm 



battle and every rivulet its song. Mertown, 
the principal seat of the Harden family, 
with its noble groves ; nearly in front of 
it, across the Tweed, T the cota- 

paratively small but <ble and 

st«iciT •'•-■■'• ..••1-1 u.icburB; 

unil ih, Eur- 

roiin .Tit as it- 

self, s^ccui to 111- uitiioat bcluw tbe feet of 
the spectator. Opposite him. rite \!kk« 
purple peaks of Eildon, V\ie Vt%)i&\iDMi\. 

c 



mmM 



i^m 



^ii 



Lockhart's Life of Scoti. 



[July, 



scene of Thomas the Rliymer's interview 
with the Uu«:u of Pacrit! ; l)«hiiul nre the 
blasted peel, which the »on of Ercil- 
doun himself inhabited, — the broom of 
the Cowdenknows, — the {mstoral valley 
of the Leader, and the bleak wildcrnessi 
of Lammennoor. To the eastward the 
desolate grandeur of Hume Castle breaks 
the horizon u the eye travcU towarda 
the range of the Cheviot. A few miles 

Mr. fjockhart, as appears to us, very candidly thus suins up the measore 
of Scott's actiuircuietits in literature, when he was setting out on active 
life, and commencing the profcHsion for which he was intended. 



westward, Melrose, like some toll rock 
with lichenH grey, appears Hasped amid 
(he windings of the Tweed ; ana the dis- 
tance presents the serrated mountains of 
the Gala, the Ettrick, and th« Yuitow, 
all famous in sonj;. Such were the ob- 
jects that had painted the earlie«t* images 
on the eye of the last and greatest of the 
Border Minstrels." 



"' He had no pretension:) to the name 
of on extensive, far le^i of on accurate 
Latin toholar ; but he could read, I be- 
lieve, any Latin anthor of any age, so as to 
catch without diiticulty \nn meaning ; and 
though his fnviiurite Latin poet, ns well as 
historian in later days, nua Buchanan, he 
hod preserved, or Bubsftjiipntly acquired, 
B strong relish for some others of more 
ancient date; 1 may mention in particu- 
lar, Lucan and Claudian. Of Greek, he 
does not exaggerate in saying that he had 
forgotten even the alphabet, for he was 
puzzled with the words i<fi3«f and »(ii*iti«, 
which he h&d occasion to introduce from 
tome authority on his table into his intro- 
duction to Popular Poetry, written in April 
1830, and hap]>ening to be in the house 
with him at the time, he sent for me to 
insert them for him in his MS. Mr. 
Irving has infonned ub of the early 
period Bt which he enjoyed Tafso and 
Ariosto. I presume he had, nt least as 
soon M this, enabled himself to rend Gil 
Bhu in the original ; and in all probability 
we may icfer to the same time of his life, 
or one not much later, his acquisition 
of as much Spaniiih as served for the 
Giierras Civiles de Graniida, Lozorillo de 
Tormes. and,' above all, Don Quixote. 
He read all these lani^ages in after-life 
with iihout the same facility. I never but 
once heard him attempt to speak any of 
Uiem, and that was whrn some of the 
courtier* of Charles the Tenth came to 
Abbotsford, «oon after that unfortunate 
prince took up his rcsideia'c for tlie second 
time ot Uolyrood House. Fiuiling that one 
or two of these genlleiuen could speak no 
Engliith at all, he mode fome eirort;; tn 
umuse Ihciu m thi-ir iiwu Imrj 
the cbampngnc lind becit ptis 
round the tnljie, 'umI i « .- ■ 
morning with the ' 
party, who, alludiii_ 



in which he seemed to have chiefly occu- 
pied himself, said, ' Mon Dieu I comme 
il estro(^ait, entre deux vina, Ic Pran^ais 
du bon Sire de Joinville.' Of all these 
tongnes, as of German somewhat later, 
he ac(|uirnd as much as was needful for 
his own purjjosc, of which a critical «tiidy 
of any foreign language made at no time 
any jiart. In them he sought for inci- 
dents, and he found images ; but for the 
treasures of diction, he won content to 
dig on British soil. He hod all he 
wanted in the old well* of ' English unde- 
hlcd,' and the still Uving though fast 
shrinking waters of that sitter idiom, 
which had not alwny.4, as he flattered 
himself, deserved the name of a dialect. 
As may be said, 1 believe, of every really 
great man, Scott was self-educated in 
every branch of knowledge which he ever 
turned to account in the works of bis 
genius ; and he has himself told us that 
his real studies were tho£c lonely and de- 
sultory ones, of which he has given a copy 
in the first chapter of Wnvcrlcy, where the 
hero is represented as * driving Ihrongb 
n sea of books like a vesgcl without pilot 
or rudder;' thatis to^tav, obc\-ing nothing 
but the strong breath of native inclina- 
tion. He had rend, and stored in a me- 
mory of uncommon tenacity, much curi- 
ous, thongh ill-arrnnged information. In 
English litcratnnr he was mn^ter of Shak- 
spere and Milton, of our <■ 'i .uotic 
authors, of mnny pictnp' inte- 
resting piiiisagcj from oiid .wiical 

chroniclers, nnd was p:irticular|y well ac- 
i|uniiite4l with S|ien<u<r, Drayton, and 
"tluT port* who had exercised Ihriiiselre'i 
on romnnf ic licfion : ' "fsU thine* thf most 

.,1jc. 

'Ives 
tital 

tl.» 



I 



L* Two others of Scntt 
mother and tutor, L)r. 
marks of Pope^s Homer ii 



|;K'2 ami I7«4:). preserved by hi; 
p. !>r>— #i. They boar strdn^e 



1838.] LoeUart't n/e of Scott. 11 

Decajneroii, Fhrinart, Bnntome, Dela- striking drcnmsUnee by which it maiks 

nem, and the duTalroiu and romantic the rery early date of these moltifarioas 

lore of Spein. I haTe quoted a passage studies."* 
so wdl knowp, only for the sake of the 

Bat not even the fascination of his favourite authors detuned Scott from 
the living fmins of Nature, from the active exercises of the field, and long 
sammer excursions to every spot consecrated by the memory of historic 
fame. Sometimes he wonld be seen climbing the Cheviot hills, or copy- 
ing Roman inscriptions among the old farm-houses in Northumberland ; 
sometimes making a raid in Liddlesdale, exploring every rivulet to its 
source, and every ruined peel from foundation to battlement. " For oot- 
doors amusement," he says, " I have constructed a seat in a large tree 
which spreads its branches horizontally over the Tweed. This is a 
favourite situation of mine for reading, especially on a day like this, 
when the west wind rocks the branches on which 1 am perched, and the 
river roUs its waves below me of a turbid blood-colour. I have moreover 
cot an embrasure, through which I can fire upon the gulls, herons, and 
OMin<x«nts, as they fly screaming past my nest."t To these rambles 
among the fastnesses of the descendants of the moss-troopers, and of those 
who had followed the banner of the Douglases, Scott owed much 
of the materials of his Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, and not 
leM of his intimate acquaintance with the living manners of those 
unsophisticated regions, which constitutes the chief charm of one of 
the most charming of his prose works. But how soon he had any 
definite object before him in his researches, seems very doubtful. " He 
was nuJcin lumtell a' the time," said Mr. Shortreed, " but he did na 
ken, may be, what he was about, till years bad passed. At first he thought 
o' little, 1 dare say, but the queemess and the fun." Mr. Lockhart found 
a note-book of Scott's for the year 1792, contaiuing a variety of scraps 
and hints which may help to fill up our notice of his private studies during 
that year. He appears to have used them indiscriminately. Now an 
extract from an author he happened to be reading ; now a memorandum 
of something that had struck him in conversation ; a fragment of an essay ; 
transcripts of various poems ; remarks on various cases in the old records of 
the justiciary court : in short, a most miscellaneous collection, in which tliere 
is whatever might have been looked for, with perhaps the single exception 
of original verse. One of the books opens with Veg-tams Koitha, or the 
Descent of Odin j with the Latin of Thomas Bartholine, and Gray's ver- 
sion ; with some account of the death of Baldor, both as narrated in the 
Edda and as given by the Northern historians— i4«c/ore Gualtero Scott. 
The Norse original and the two versions there transcribed, and the 
historical account appended, extend to seven closely written quarto 
^ges. Next comes a page, headed Pecuniary Distress of Charles the 
First, and containing a transcript of a recei|)t for some piate lent to the 
King in 1643. He then copies the " Owen of Carrou ' of I^nghome j 
the verses of Canute on passing Ely j the lines to a Cuckoo, given by 

* At this period of his life, Scott was much enamoured of the poems of Langhorne 
and Mickle. The Elegy of Cumnor Hall, after having dwelt on his memory for forty 
years, suggested the subject of one of his romances ; and his recollection of some lines 
of LaJnghome was recorded with a look and word of civility from Bums. 

t Wordsworth says, when he first saw Scott, that he attached much \eu m^xVsncft 
to his literary Isbonn orreputation, than to bis bodily sports, «x.tTc\Mt, m^ VXM^ 
aawmeoAk 



18 ^^^r LocUiai-t'n Life of Scfilt. [July, 

Wartou as tie oldest speclaien of English ver»e ; a translation by a gen- 
tlemau of Dcvonsliire of tlit- dcatliaong of Regiier Lodbrog^ and the beau- 
tiful quatrain omitted in (tray's Elegy — 

" There seated oft, the earliest of the year," && 

After this wc have au ItiUinn canzonet on tUe praises of blue eyes ; several 
pages of etymologies from Ducange ; some more of notes on the Morte 
d'Arthur ; extracts from tlie books of a journal about Dame Janet 
Beatouj tlic Lady of Brauxomc of the Lay of the Last Minstrel, and her 
husband ; Sir Walter Scott of Buecleuch, called " W icked Watt ;" otiier 
extracts about Witches and Fairies ; various couplets from Hall's Satires; a 
])asange from Alhania ; notes on the second sight, vvitli extracts from Aubrey 
and Glanrille^ a list of ballads to be discovered or recovered 5 extracts from 
Guerin de Montglave ; and after many more similar entries, a table of the 
Ma'so-Gothie, Anglo-Saxon, and Runic alphabets} with a fourth section 
headed German, but left blank. Of original composition in poetry Scott 
had as yet given little notice of his powers ; when he translated Burger's 
ballad of Leonora for Miss Cranstoun, she wrote to a friend — " Upon my 
word. ^ValtL■r Scott is going to turn out a poet, — something of a cross, I 
think, between Burns and Gray." And two other short poems, written 
about this time to the ladye of his first love, are given in Mr. Lockhart's 
pages.* But it was in his romantic retirement at Lasswade on the Esk, 
after his marriage, that the true, bold, and pure character of Scott's lyric 
poetry first appeared. Here he spent some happy summers, amidst soine 
of the most romantic sccner)' that Scotland can boast, the haunt of his 
boyish rambles : he enjoyed the familiar society of Lord Woodhousclee and 
of Mackcu/ie, the Man of Feeling ; but 



i 
I 



^^lio knovr( not Melville's beevhea grove, 

And Roslin's rocky glen ; 
Hatkeith, wbJch nil tbe virtue* love, 

And daasic Uawtborndea ? 



4 



" Amid these delicious sohtudes (says Mr. Lockhart) Scott produced the 
pieces which laid the imperiahable foundation of all bis fame. It was here 
that, when his vvarm heart was beating with gay and happy love, and lii» 
whole mind and spirit were nerved by new motives of e.\ertion j it was 
here that, in the ripened glow of manhood, he seems to have first felt 
something of his real strcugtli, and poured himself out in those splendid 
original ballads which were at once to fix Ms name."t 

It was at this period of his life that Mr. Lockhart considers Scott's 
character to have been completely formed and settled, — it liad passed 
unmoved through the first blandishments of worldly applause, and no sub- 
sequent trials of that sort could ever shake it from its early balance. His 
calm delight in his own pursuits ; the patriotic enthusiasm which mingled 
\\\X\\ nil the best of his literary efl'oits : his modesty as to his own gcneial 
merits, combined with a certain dogged resolution to maintain his ov,% 
first \\eyv of n subject^ however assailed ; his readiness to interrupt h; 



• V<.: • 

t T\- < orifinal han«i!», na BAtliwrll nuJ iJie £b«)ihrrd*« T«!e, m | 



I V- --.. ■ ;....^ 

■ rprvadiBg oakt ia tUac grew out of that Utile parent acorn 1 



1838.3 



LockAarf's Life of Scott. 



19 



own tasks by any drudgery by which he could assist those of a friend } 
his steady and (fetennined watchfulness over the struggling fortunes d 
genius and worth — all assisted lus rapid advance in literary fame, and in 
the knowledge and esteem of persons themselves eminent for genius or 
talent. Mackintosh welcomed him to town as an old friend ; and Samuel 
Rogers and Stewart Rose were added to the list of his acquaintance. The 
indefatigable Douce assisted his antiquarian researches, and his most 
accompushed and admirable friend George Ellis then first heard the Lay 
of the Last Minstrel, yet imperfect, read to him under an old oak in 
Windsor forest. 

We have now accompanied Scott to that period of his life when the 
fmUs of his various studies and acquirements oegan publicly to appear } 
when his genius bad arranged its nch treasures of information, and was 
presenting them to the world, beautifully set and heightened by rich 
additions of his own. Of his Minstrelsy his Biographer says. 



" To the tuk of selecting a standard 
text among nch a diversity of materials, 
he bron^t a melange of old manners 
and phraseology, and a manly simplicitr of 
taste, anch as had never before been united 
In the person of a poetical antiquary. 
From among a hundred cormptions, he 
seised with intaitive tact the pristine dic- 
tion and imagery, and produced strains 
in which the unbroken energy of half- 
dvilised ages, their stem and deep pas- 
dona, their daring, adventurous, and cruel 
tragedies, and even their rude and wild 
humour, are reflected with almost the 
brightness of an Homeric mirror, inter- 
rupted by hardly a blot of what deserves 
to be called vulgarity, and totally free 
from any mixture of artificial sentimental- 
ism. His introductory essays and notes 
teem with curious knowledge not hastily 
grasped for the occasion, but gradually 
gleaned and sifted by the patient labour 
of years, and presented with an easy 
unaffected propriety and elegance of ar- 

Sment and expression, which it may be 
ubted if he ever materially surpassed in 
the happiest of his imaginative narra- 
tives. I well remember when Waverley 
was a new book, and all the world were 
pozxling themselves about its authorship, 
to have heard the poet of the Isle of 
Palms exdaim, impatiently, ' I wonder 
what aU these people are perplexing them- 
lelves about; have they forgotten the 

At length the poem appeared which Mr. Lockhart calls the bright 
consummate flower in which the dreams of Scott's youthful fancy bad 
found expansion for their gpirit and beauty. Genius not only follows no 
other or inferior path, but even makes its own as it proceeds. There* 
fore, as our object is not to give any history of Scott's life, or any regular 
account of his works, — not to lead our readers into the long giillery of his 
finished works, but, taking them witli us into the studio and the workshop, 
to observe the progress of the author's chisel and the powVug Oi^N^^- 
ment of liaiboagbt9,-~'we shall trace /rom the biography /m t\u SxaXaaoLCft, 



prose of the Minstrelsy ?' It is not to be 
denied, however, that the Minstrelsy of 
the 3cotti8h Border has derived a very 
large accession of interest from the sub- 
sequent career of its editor. One of the 
critics of the day said, that the book con- 
tained ' the riementt qf a hundred Hit. 
torical Ronumcet,' and this critic was • 
prophetic one. No one who has not gona 
through its volumes for the express pur- 
pose of comparing their contents with his 
great original works, can have formed a 
conception of the endless variety of inci- 
dents and images, now expanded and em< 
blazoned by his mature art, of which the 
first hints may be found either in the text 
of those pristine ballads, or in the notes 
which the happy rambles of his youth 
had gathered together for their illustra- 
tion. In the edition of the Minstrelsy, 
published since his death, not a few such 
instances arc pointed out, but the list 
might have been extended far beyond the 
limits which such an edition allowed. The 
taste and fancy of Scott appear to have 
been formed as early as his moral charac- 
ter; and he had, before he passed the 
threshold of authorship, assembled about 
him in the uucalculating delight of native 
enthusiasm, almost all the materials on 
which his genius was destined to be em- 
ployed for the gratification and instruc- 
tion of the world.*' 



14 



Lockfiart's Life ofScolt. 



[July, 



the small beglnuings and gradual progress of the design nf the Lay of tli 
Last Minstrel ; in the formation of which, all that Scott lias derived froan 
natural gifts, and all he had acquired and added by well-directed researcl 
were called into action. It burst, as we remember well, upon the publi^ 
mind with a sudden and brilliant effect ; but, like all other valuable thing 
it was long prepared, and formed of thoughts, images, and a^sociationa 
which composed part of a body of poetical literature that he had long and 
rightfully made his own. 

Thus was the poetic fabric raised ; by so many fairy links of hints and 
associations and analogies were its component masses joined. Impriroisj 
the Countess of Dalkeith hears a wild rude legend of Border diablerie 
and sportingly asks him to make it the subject of a ballad. He assent 
and casts about for some new variety of rhyme and diction. Sir Johl 
Stoddart's casual recitation, a year or two before, of Coleridge's uii4 
published Christabel, had fixed the music of that noble fragment in bi| 
memory, and it occurs to him that by throwing the story of Gilpin Horn« 
into somewhat of a similar cadence, he might produce such an echo of th( 
latter metrical romance as would serve to connect his conclusion of th< 
pristine Sir Tristram with his imitation of the common popular ballad it 
the Grey Brothers and the Eve of St. John. A single scene of fuudal3 
festivity in the hall of Branksome» disturbed by some pranks of a non- 
descript goblin, was probably all that he contemplated ; but his accidental, 
conhnemcut in the midst of a volunteer camp gave him leisure to meditate 
his theme to the sound of the bugle ; and suddenly there dashes on hit 
the idea of extending his simple outline so as to embrace a vivid panoramil 
of the old Border life of war and tumult and all the worst passions, witt 
which his researches in the Minstrelsy had by degrees fed his imagination! 
until every the minutest feature had been tiken home and realised with 
unconscious intcusencss of sympathy ; so that he had won for himself in 
the past, another world, hardly less complete or familiar than the present 
Erskine or Cranstoun suggests that he would do well to divide the poeii 
into cantos, and prefix to each of them a motto explanatory of the actioiij 
after the fashion of S|)enser in the Faery Queen. He pauses for a moment^ 
and the happiest conception of the framework of a picturesque narrativi 
that ever occurred to any poet— one that Homer might have envied — th<i 
creation of the ancient Harper, starts to hfc. By such steps dl<l the LayJ 
of the Last Minstrel grow out of the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, 
The intelligent biographer of Scott closes his account of this original and] 
beautiful poem with the following remarks, which, though called forth by] 
that, arc meant to apply to the spirit and charnctcr of all hia works :— ' 

" The nrrli altasion$ wbicli run fhrotigtk 
the introductions, witfiout in tin- least in- 
tfrrupting t)ic Iriilh und gr«ccful putho 

of tlicir roniii ijiiprti>»ion, seem to tnc osilv. witliou' le 

eqaally cliwactcrihtir of Scolt, whrne de- 
light anil j/ndf it iron to filay with the 

gmiU9 H'Aicti nrrrrt/irleti mattcrnl Aim at 

teill. For in 
to all bin wii: 



bui ,. 

osily. witliou' 
feeling* ia tli t 

Such out(>ar$t» ctxuc Imili ilmui 
in all lii« writtnr* : but in Mm- int«5 
• ■ t. 



«■!; 



mil Ui uJi «ji(KMiitUii ill. 

dictlun ana aetitiment i. 



U i»a lxau>i>«reutoufr." 



Among the cJttficest pmti tutd [mmti^vi uf tUu Life vf ^colt^ noo^ 



1838.3 



Lwkhnrfs Lift qf Scott. 



II 



Iconvey wore interest to our miud than tie account of Lis h&bits nnd occu- 

f|ation<t, wliicit, uniting tvitii tL»: fiivonrite subjects of his study, formed 

I the entire character of the poet aud the novelist, inspiration, and that 

iif llie purest and brigljtcst kind, came to Pope and to (iray in the stu- 

rlioua Rectusion of their libraries, and among the artificial refinements of 

wrtMl life ; but Scott's poetry breathed the wilder and more enthusiastic 

Rpirit of th(^ ancient time. I'he poet diffused his own character through his 

, poetry. He lived among the scenes of his own creations j he not only 

ica<i books, but studied men, and worshipped nature. Tiie man of active 

life vras Dot lost in the student ami the recluse ; and he is probably the 

fir*t grrnt poet, who ever planted, built, felled timber, hunted, shot, 

coiir««d, 8|)eare<l salmon, waded fords, leapt torrents, commaudcd a troop 

of cavalry, presided at niatt-.hes of football between rival clans, and whose 

poetr)- vras the rCHult of the active powers of his luind, an well as of its 

ibtlity aud rtfinement. The blood of the borderer and the luoea- 

.*r was miugled in his veins with that of the poet and the knights of 

d'Arthur.* Scott's Life was indeed a jjoetic action going on 

Hts changes. Speaking of Marmion, Mr. Lockhart says :— 

' Tb«re ill a knoll with eonie tall ashes 
on tJie ailioinifig funn of the Peel, where 
Scott was v«7 fond of sitting by himself, 
•nd it »till Ueara the nnvae of the S/ierifTs 
Kuovti another fAvourite seat waa bC' 
oealh a liage oak haril by the Tweed, nt 
tbr nctremity of the hoigh of Achestiel. 
It WM here that, while meditating his 
«ene«, be used 

To «tray, 
Aod mste tlie solitary day, &c. 

He frrqneTitlY wnndered far from home, 
hov ■ inlybyhi* dog, and 

woij I the ereaing, having 

let li...iiii .11.11 uvji-- slin nwny among the 
•oft and melauchuly wlldi-riic«ses where 
Yarrow {Trcitft from her I'lniiitains ; but 
whrn tlic ibetne waa of a mure atirring 
order, htr ritjoyed parsuiug it over brake 
' frll at the fall fpeed of Ilia Lieute- 
I well remember hif sijia^, as I 
with him acroaa the hilla froD\ Ash- 
atiel to Newark, ooe day in his decli. 
ufatg years, — 'Obi man, 1 had many a 
frud ff*Uop among tlieM braen when 1 
thinWug of Marmion ; but a trifling 
nuit aerve me now.' Hi* 
ne, however, informs me 
-inrc energetic dcscrip- 
ily that of \hf battle 
ruck out while ho was 
in (]iiartrr» again with his cavalry in the 
tHtnmn "f \ffyi. In the intervals of 
4j\f lyg, Scott used to delight 

111 ■ ■ |»owerful bl.-ick steed up 

«».! " !' • ^jcllo 

Sn: ;i«id 

bis Kjiurv, and go oil as if at the 





charge, and with the spmy dosbiug about 
him. As we rode back to Musselburgh 
he often came and placed himself beaide 
me to repeat the rersea he had been com* 
posisg daring these pauses of oar e;x- 
crcise. 

" Mr. Morritt's testimony of Scott's 
character harmonizes with the preceding 
account. He describes lilm as the friend 
and neighbour of every Selkirkshire yeo- 
msD. He carried us (he says) one day 
to Melrose or Newark, — another to course 
with mountain grcyhoands by Yarrow 
braes or St. Mary's Lodi, repeating every 
ballad or li-gendary talc connected with 
the scenery ; and on a third we must all 
go to B fanner's harvest-home, to dance 
with border losses on a bani-tloor, drink 
whisky punch, and enter in all the gos- 
sip and good fellowship of bii neigh- 
bours. 

" At this period (says the same ac- 
complished and observing friend) his con* 
versatjon was more equal and animated 
than any man's tliat I ever knew. It 
was most characterised by the extreme 
facility and fuu of the illustrations drawn 
from the whole eocyclopsedia of life and 
nature, in a style sometimes too exuberant 
for a written narrative, but which to him 
was natural and s[iontnneou«, A hundred 
stories, always apposite, and often inter- 
esting the mind by strong pathos or emi- 
nently ludicrous, were daily told, which, 
with many more, have since been trons- 
plnnted, almost iti the same language, 
ir>to the Waverley novrls and his other 
writings. These and his recitations of 
Ikoetry, whjuh can never be forgotten by 
those who knew him, made up the charm 




Lockhart's Life of Scoit, 



that hS>i honodlesg memory enabled him to 
cJtert to tlie wonder of the i^piii; lovers of 
TronJer*. But tquully exprcsdive ond 
powerful was the language of his wnrm 
heart, and equally wonderful were the 
oonclasioos of his vigorous under^taudiiig, 
to those who could return or appreciate 
either. Keenly enjoying literotarc a* he 
did, and indulging his own lore of it in 

Mr. Lockliait beai^ testitnony of Scott'a capacity for practical dealing 
and rule among tnen. 



perpetual composition, he a] way a mmin< 
tsined the same estimate of if a« iabordt« 
natc and auxiliary to the purpose n( \i(r 
aud rather talked of men nnd events Ihag 
of books and critieijm. Literary fanip^ 
he always said, waj a bright fcnthei* in tfa^ 
cap, but not the xubstontiol corer of i 
well-protected head." 



"I do not think (he laya) he h«d 
much in common with the statesmen or 
diplomstiats of his own > ' r.ntry ; 

but I am mistaken if S<- r hare 

played ill other days eitli.; .'.... _ciil or 
the Gondomar ; and I believe no man. 
after long and intimate knowledge of any 
other great poet, has eter ventured to say 
that he could have conceived the posfii* 
bility of such pnrfs being adequately tilled 
on the active stage of the world by a per- 
son in whom the powers of fancy and 
imagination had such predominant sway 
as to make him, in fact, live three or four 
Uvea habitually in place of one. I have 
known other literary men of energy 'as 
restless as his ; but all such have been 
entitled to the designation of Awfy-froiiw.- 
whereas Scott, neither in literary labour, 
nor in continnnl contact with the affoiri 
of the world, ever did seem aware that ho 
was making any extraordinary exertion. 
The machine, thus gigantic in its impetus, 
movod 80 easily that the master had no 
perception of the obstructionB it over- 
came — in fact, no means to measure its 
power. Compared to him, all the rest of 
thepoetspecies that I have chanced to ob- 
serve nearly, with but one glorious excep- 
tion, have seemed to me to do little more 



than sleep through their lives — and nl 
best to fill up the sura of dreams ; and 
am persuaded that, take all ages am 
countries together, the rare examples ol 
indcfutigable energy in union with seren# 
self-possession of mind and character 
such as Scott's, must be sought for in the 
roll of great sovereigns or great captains, 
rather than that of literary genius. I 
the case of such renowned practical mas- 
ters, it has l>een usual to account for their 
appnrent calmness amidst the stirrin 
troubles of the world, by imputing to thei 
callousness of the anections. Perha[ 
injustice has been done by the supposition $ 
but at all events, hardly could any on 
extend it to the case of the placid man oi 
the imaginative order — a great depicter ol 
Man and Nature especially would seem 
to be, cj' 1*1 terrmini, a profound sympa- 
thiser with the passions of his brethren, 
with the weaknesses as well as with the 
strength of humanity. Such assuredl 
was Scott. His heart was as ' rammei 
with life,' to use a pbrtuse of Ben Jonson'a, 
as his brain, and 1 never saw him tried i: 
a tenderer point than he was during th 
full whirl of splendor and gaiety tl; 
aecmed to make every brain but hia diziy 
in the Edinburgh of August l«"2'2." 



I 



It is, tlieDj to tbls ready aud poweiTuI memory, to tltis ever-acUtr^ 
iisagiuation, to tins profound aod poetical ecnsibilit)', to the welUiUTBDged 
tnasses and groups of \m knowledge, arid to the quickness of his ussod^ 
tions from which he could command and distribute theui, that we nrc 
attribute the otherwise almost marvellous r«]iidity of his invctitions. Th« 
two last volumes of Waverley were written in three weekii. Mr. B. HbU 
says. 



" It h well known, or at least genr- 
rolly, and I have reaxon to helicve truly, 
admitted, that Sir Waltfr Scott compose* 

this works just ns fast as he can write ; 
that the manual labour is all that it com 
i 
t/i, 



When Mr. B. HatI turns from th 
opinion of Scott'a chamctcr :— 

SlrW-.n- 



him, for his thoughts (low spoi 
He never correct* the press, i>i • 
fo at all, it is verr slightly ; and in 
his works come before rht- public 
they are written." 

'n't'-r to the man, ho thui gives 



■Itogrther unimuiKii v^ t 
tfi« wboltf civilised wvr/d. 



!• jjipiau'vi.' or 
//r if stil! AS 



iiour Hi iiii pffuiin I 
world wu auwin 



hehA- 
ivn? w lirn 

his enumioi 



-niiyi 

mioo^B. 



1838.] 



Lockhart*s Life of Scott. 



17 



powers. If any man can be said to have 
• right to be presumptuona in consequence 
of poaaessing acknowledged talents far 
above those of his company, he is tliis 
man. Bnt what sagacity and intimate 
Imowledge of human nature does it not 
diapby, when a man thus gifted and thus 
entitled as it were to assume a higher 
level, undazxled by such enormous praise, 
'bears steadiness of head enough not to 
be made giddy, and clearness enough 



of moral vision to discover that so far 
from lessening the admiration which it 
is admitted he might claim if he pleased, 
he augments it infinitely by seeming 
to waive that right altogether. * • • 
On no occasion bos be betrayed the 
smallest symptom of vanity or aflfectation, 
or insinuated a thought bordering on pre- 
sumption, or even a consciousness of bis 
own superiority in any respect whatso- 
ever." 



Before we put a concluding stroke to the portrait of this eminent per« 
SOD, we must make an extract from some observations which Mr. Lock- 
hart has very judiciously and fairly given, on what may be called the worldly 
part of Scott's conduct. 



" I dare not deny that he set more of 
bit affections, during great part of his life, 
apon worldly things, wealth among others, 
nan might have become such an intellect. 
One may conceive a sober grandeur uf 
mind not incompatible with genius as rich 
even as his, but infinitely more admirable 
than any genius, — incapable of brooding 
ipon any of the pomps and vanities of 
Ufe, or caring about money at all, beyond 
what is necessary for the easy sustenance 
of nature. But we must, in judging the 
moat powerful of minds, take into account 
the iniluence to which they were exposed 
daring the plastic period ; and when 
imagination u visibly the predominant 
faenlty, allowance must be made very 
largely indeed. Scott's autobiographical 
fragment and the anecdotes annexed to 
it have been printed in vain, if they have 
not conveyed the notion of such a training 
of the mind, fancy and character, as could 
hardly fail to suggest dreams and aspira- 
tions very likely, new temptations pre- 
sented, to take the shape of external 
active ambition, — to prompt a keen pur- 
suit of those resources without which 
vidons of worldly splendour cannot be 
realised. But I think the subsequent 
narrative, with the correspondence embo- 
died in it, must also have satisfied every 
candid reader that his appetite for wealth, 
after all, was essentially a vivid yearning 
for the means of a large beneficence. 
• • * I must say one 

word as to the matter of rank, which 
nadonbtedly had infinitely more effect on 
him than money. In the first place he 
was all along courted by the great world, 
Bot it by him ; and, secondly, pleased as 

Scott himself, in his journal, confesses the prevalence of the imaginative 
power in his mind. 



he was by its attentions, he derived in- 
finitely greater pleasure from the trusty 
and hearty affection of his old equals and 
the inferiors whose welfare he so un. 
weariedly promoted ; but he made acute 
discriminations among the many different 
orders of claimants who jostle each other 
for pre-eminence in the huge andcompli> 
cated system of modern British society. 
His imagination bad been constantly exer- 
cised in recalling and embellishing what- 
ever features of the past it was possible to 
connect with any pleasing ideas, and an 
historical name wot a charm that literally 
ttirred his blood. But not so a mere title. 
He revered the Duke of Bncclench, but 
it was not as a Duke, but as the head of 
his clan, the representative of the old 
knights of Branxholme. In the Duke of 
Hamilton, he saw not the premier peer of 
Scotland, but the lineal heir of the he- 
roic old Douglases ; and he had pro- 
founder respect for the chief of an old 
fiighland clan, without any title whatever, 
and with an ill-paid rental of 2 or 30002. 
a-year, than for the haughtiest magnate 
in a blue ribbon whose name did not call 
up any grand historical remembrance. 
Sir Walter's own title came unsought ; and 
that he accepted it, not in the foolish 
fancy that such a title or any title could 
increase his own personal consequence, 
but because he tliought it fair to embrace 
the opportunity of securing a certain ex- 
ternal distinction to his heirs at Abbots- 
ford, was proved pretty clearly by his 
subsequently declining the greatly highea 
but untransmissible rank of a Privy Coun- 
«Uor." 



" My life, he writes, though not with- 
out ita fits of waking and strong exertion, 
kaa been a tort of dream spent in cbew- 

GMirT,3(Uo. VoL.X. 



ing the cad of sweet and bitter fane^. 
I have worn a wisVung c&ip, tV^e yvnet cK 
which has been to dWett pt«KuX. \scwS» 
B 



18 



Lockhart'$ Life of Scott. 



[July. 



I 



hj a toncli of the vand of iniudnation, 
and gild over tbc future by pro-* "' - '-r- 
fnir than can t>e renliscd. - 
it is ii«i(l, thiit ih\i i-asti 
tins wielding of the unreal trowel, ia tatai 
to exertions in actual life. I cannot tell — 
I have not found it so. I cunnot «ay, 
like Madame da Gcnlit, that in the imagi- 
nary scenes in whiiih 1 have acted a part, I 



rvcr prepared myielf for anything whick^ 
artually befell me; but 1 hnvf —-' "' ' 
fu»liiuned out niuoh lliat mnJc ' 
hour pass pleasantly away, nii'l 
haa enabled me to contribute to tbe antiue-J 
ment of the public. Since I wa« fivaJ 
years old, I cannot remember llie tims] 
when I had not Bome idenl part to playj 
for my own solitary amusement." 



ntliefl 



Mr. Lockbart's observation on Scott's mental powers, iu another part of ^ 
the work, may be considered a just commentary on the foregoing con- 
feseions. 

easT security of «way, beyond wltat 
find it pOMible to trace in any ntlir 
artinVi recorded character and history || 
but he could not habilunl?- "■ - " 'u in(a| 
the region of dreams 1 1 long 

series of years, and vri ^ S ta 

find a correipondip- n m Itcnd* 

ing them to the Icr- itinsidera. 

Uons wliich the ciiL-uiuat.ini-i.i of any biii 
man being's practical lot in thin worW 
must present in (ihundanoe. The training 
to which he nccustoincd himself, ooulfl 
not leave litm as he was when he beg 
lie must pay the penalty, as well as rei 
the glory of this life-long abstraction 
reverie, this self-abandonment of fair 
land." 



" We should try to picture to ourselves 
what the actual intellectual life must have 
been, of the author of such a series of 
romances. VTe should iisk our;selves 
whether, filling and discharging, so sober- 
ly and gracefully as he did, the common 
functions of social man, it was not, never- 
theless, impossible, bnt that he must have 
passed most of his life in other worlds 
than ours : and we ought hardly to think 
it a grievous circumstance, that their 
bright vi-sions should have left a d&zzlc 
sometimes on the eyes which he ho gently 
re-opf ncd upon our prosiiic realities. He 
had, on the whole, a command over the 
powers of his mind ; 1 mean that he could 
control and direct his thoughts and re- 
flections with a readiness, finnness, and 

Sncb was ibe person and stich the wonderful combination of rare an^ 
eminent intellectual qualities uliich enabled him, with comparntive e.is 
and inconceivable rapidity, to gratify and instruct the public mind witlt 
series of romantic fictions and ideal creations, such as no single mind, 
far as wc know, had ever poured out before. Unlike the productions of otiic 
authors, which have to be planned with care, and elabonited with vigilar 
and delicate attention to everj^partof the structure, Scott's were emphati 
cnlly like the magiial creations of the enchanter, which rise up at once witU^ 
out any labour uf fuuiidation, and unite and harmotiise without atiy .-irtful pre 
paration of incident, by the all-pervading and ^-iv'ifyinij furce of genius. Hi 
says that he has not the slightest idea how such a story is to be wound np n 
a catastrophe j* iic m-vcr could lay down a plan — or, laying it down, qqv< 
could adliero to it. Personages were retidcrc<l important and inHignlfi 
not according to the origitt.d agency of the piece, bnt according to the i 
with which he could bring them out His object was to make his writiu] 
Uverting and iuterebting, and leave the test to its fate. W'heu 

lind was strained to acquire ideas, the vivacity t»f the original conccptic 
lishcd, — the poetic landscape became c(Ai\ and spiritless, and the stii 

int vrsKA to nnimatc and gild and harmonize the bcnntiful ciratioii, li 

'"altogether ilisappeared. Thus, then, not only by the effect produced ujx 

us by his works, bnt by the manucr in which those works that inter 

«u, were crentcdj do wc Kckoowlodge tlic banil of tliu master, — the crcat« 



.1 chapter, knaming no mo 



I8S8.] Lockhart's Life of Scott. ig 

—the man of original genius, who stands altogether removed, not only in 
degree, but in qaallty and order, from all his imitators, whose flimsy pro- 
ductions might indeed be described in the words of a French critic, 
"C'est an ouvrage compost aujoard'hui avec I'erudition d'hier." * 

We have only one reflection more to make before wc conclude, and that 
has taken its rise from an observation more than once repeated in the Life 
of Scott, alluding to his works, but probably confined to bis romances and 
novels, — " You know I don't care a curse about what I write, or what 
becomes of it ;" and he in other places declares his dislike of looking into 
his own works of Action. " How is this ?" doubtless, many of his admiring 
readers will exclaim : — is this, then, the severe tax laid on the sons of 
genius, that they shall even loathe and abhor what is the desire of all 
other eyes ? — is there no reward after such mental toil in contemplating 
the fabric of wisdom and learning successfully raised by this powerful 
will ? — or do they alone know the mockery and emptiness of the creations 
outwardly so glittering, and which look so fair to all beside ? — do their 
keen eyes pierce through the semblance of life and animation that adorns 
the lovely '* region o' the element," and gives it an appearance of hu- 
manity ; and can they at once recognise the poor, common materials from 
which it is deceitfully made ; and behold, where others see the roseate 
smile of angelic beauty, and the warm voluptuous breathings of celestial 
lore, nothing but a few grains of common earth — a handful of vile dust 
and ashes, the cheap unworthy instrument of the enchanter's skill ? — or 
rather is not the very facility with which works of fiction are created, the 
cause of the transient pleasure they aflbrd ? All will acknowledge a dif- 
ference between such works as the novel and romance of modern days, 
and poems of high heroic devices — such as the epics of Homer and 
Milton ; though both contain a history, both are built upon a prepress of 
events and the conflict of the passions, and both arc so constructed as 
to affect the feelings, and awaken the curiosity of the mind. But the 
poem attains its end by different means. It does not depend, as the novel 
or romance, on the rapidity of its movements, — on the surprising nature 
of its changes, — on the breathless surprise with which we are hurried 
onwards from action to action, and event to event, till the wheel of our 
glowing imagination catches fire, and even the coursers of setherial race are 
panting and breathless with our speed. He who has skill to construct 
a probable and well arranged fictitious narrative, and genius enough to 
invest it with the realities of life, literally commands the empire of 
another world which he has created, and wc become for a time its in- 
habitants, and obey him. But then this creation, so wonderfully and 
suddenly formed, cannot long endure ; the seeds of rapid decay are 
within it ; every time we gaze, the colours that enchanted us become 
more faint and dim. AVhen curiosity is satiated, — the feeling of no- 
velty passed, — the incidents known, and coming events are no longer 
in obscurity, then the illusion rapidly disappears, and the power of 
the enchanter with it altogether ceases. It is not so with the 
Poem ; its power over our passions is at first far inferior to that 
of its rival, — its characters less bold and prominent and full, — its 



* Chamfort, (Euv. i. 3oa. See Diary, toI. vi. p. 386. " They have to read old 
booki and consult antiquarian collections to get their knowledge. I write, became 
I have long aince read such works, and possess, thanks to a strong memory, the in< 
fwmation which they have to seek for," &c. 



20 LocUarl's Life of Seofl. ] 

incidents less daring and romantic ; there is little In it tnerely to 
gratify the curiosity of tlie ardent and inquisitive. Poetry is slow o. 
inovement compared to fiction. It is surrounded witli such a stately 
train of sentiments, images, and reflections — with such graceful descrip- 
tions, and such delicate analogies, that the rapidity of its motion is im- 
peded : it marches also to the cadence of its own measured harmony. The 
very rhythm of poetry- is as a golden fetter that impedes the full freedom 
of its step, but docs not mar the gentle elegance of its movement. Thero 
is, too, a harmonising, modifying power, which softens and subdues the 
violent contrasts, and dazzling lights and shades, iu which the novelist 
delights to dwell. The Iliad keeps no rea<ler in breathless astonishment 
at the marvellous grandeur of its incidents, nor hnrries and impels him with 
insatiable curiosity from one surprise to a greater still. The story of the 
/Eneid hardly moves a passion, and scarcely ever commands a tear ; 
yet though the empire of the poem is far weaker at (irst (for nothing can 
for the moment etpial the impulse of curiosity) than that of the romantic 
Jiction, it is nevertheless otie which improves in the same ratio as the other 
decays, which receives at every perusal fresh accession of strength, and 
the power of which, when established and acknowledged, never can decay. 
Who ever thinks of the fable, of the invention of the successive events, 
when he takes up tiic .iEneid ? — Characters more attractive than that of 
i'Eneaa or Turnus, and incidents more affecting than the death of Dido, 
can easily be imagined. If that poem delights ns from youth to age — if 
its beauties never pall ujwn ns, it surely docs not ari.<!e from any suj>erior 
illusion it creates of the reality of its fictions. In that respect it yields 
to the most vulgar production of the day, and Macbeth itself is inferior to 
the Mysteries) of Udolpho. Poetry, therefore, it is clear, retains itfl power 
over our minds, not so much by creating an illusion, by w hich its fictions arO 
made real, but by the more sober and chastened delights which it impart* 
to the cultivated taste, to the imngination, and the liner sensibilities of 
the mind ; by the beautiful associations it awakens, and the pure, select 
thoughts, images, and feelings to which it gives rise. To these we can 
assign no date when they shall no longer i>lca.'ic ; and a hoc poem may be 
read for the thousandth time with the same delight as at the first ; nay, 
as our taste becomes more refined, and our poetical sctisibility wore deli- 
cate, new beauties will waken and start up lliat wc had not heforo 
recognised. As wc move on through the poetic landscajjo that blooms 
around, its verdure and fragrance will be more and more attractive > 
flowers of a brighter colour will be springing round our feet} gleams of 
richer and more purpureal lights will invest the scene -, and wc shall catcU 
at inter\als, as it comes swelling on the breeze, from the enchanted horn 
tones that we nc\er hoard before, of a s«iftcr and more surpassing beauty. 
These observations being we l>elieve true, wc fihall Jipply them to tho 
case of Scott in the words of n vci-)' ingenious writer which wc Lave jusC 
met with, rather than in those we had ourselves prepared : 

" Person»l indul^rcncc i» a 6ufficient cun fwl mucli inlrrwt iu Ute ternum»l»o»j 

«i -r *| 

dir ■ (ittli 

tiblc ixilUlc : It* lutcc ^ilt III I -liu \i\i» ITttAnK't) il, IU t<jl 

tojj ittllic cDnerfition : hoiW//^ I'lv kiiow h"n- if ho* hem ^ 

inrfil/r^M «'(// ' 
iMfrik(i*iu, ( 



4 



1838.3 



7%e Family ofFovrbour or Furber. 



21 



ficsdon to the accomplished story maker ; 
bat even this consists rather in antici* 
pating the effects they are likely to pro- 
duce on others, than in the contemplation 
of an abstract tendency which he can en- 
joy by himself — ghosts, murders, haunted 
passages, and all other ingredients of the 
honible, can in themselves be no greater 



objects of interest to their compounder, 
than gunpowder and saltpetre to the 
maker of a skyrocket. And, indeed, the 
two cases are in many respects similar; 
except that the latter may, in common 
with others, witness the explosion he is 
preparing, while the former, alone'of all 
men, is precluded from enjoying it."* 



* See Remains of Rer. R. H. Fronde, vol. L p. 156. 



Mr. Ubban, Berwick, Jan. 12. 

I have just noticed the paragraph of 
INDIOA.TOR Hbbaldicus respecting 
the Furher family in the Gent. Mag. 
for Sept. last. I cannot tell what 
arms they bore, but I have much 
pleasure in giving you references to a 
few authorities in which the surname 
occurs. 

In 5 Ed. II. Johannes Fourbour was 
a " seutifer ad arma " with Joh'es de 
U Moille and others in the garrison 
of Berwick. (Cotton MS. Vesp. c. 
XVI. f. 4.) 

A branch of the family was settled 
in Berwick during the reigns of Bnis 
and David II. and possessed property 
there. In the reign of Alex. III. 
Iliomas Horsbo was seised in fee of a 
messuage " super le Nesse " (a street 
still so called) in Berwick, which be- 
came forfeited to the English Crown 
when Edw. I. took the town in 1296. 
That monarch gave the tenement to 
Henry de Deen, who was amoved by 
Robert de Brus when he got possession 
of the town, and he gave it to John de 
London, who conveyed it to Stephen 
Fourbour. In 1333, after the battle of 
Hallidon Hill, Berwick was again cap- 
tured by the English, and shortly 
afterwards Edward III. restored the 
tenement to Adam Horsho, the heir of 
the said Thomas. (I Rot. Scot. 270.) 
Stephen Forbour at the same time lost 
two " places of land " in Briggate 
(mou: Bridge-street) in the same town. 
(Ibid. 400, and 2 Rot. Scacc. Abbrev. 
112.) Another messuage at the corner 
of Briggate and Narougatc. (Ibid. 400.) 
and another tenement in Uddyngatc 
(the site of which street is now un- 
known.) (Ibid. 492.) In 1327, this 
Stephen, then a burgess of Berwick, 
C'Steph's diet' Fairbur' B'gens. de 
B'aico sup' Twcdam ")confirmed to 
the monastery of Aberbrothoc certain 
lands in Dundee in Scotland. (Regis- 
tromMoiMSteriideAberbroUioo f' iS, 



a MS. in the Library of the Advocates 
in Edinburgh.) He also obtained 
payment of adebtof 26/. 13«. 4d. which 
David II. owed him. (I have lost the 
reference to the authority for this, but 
I am certain it is in " the Chamber- 
lain of Scotland's Accounts ;" an un- 
published work by Mr. Thompson of 
the Register Office in Edinburgh.) 

William Fourbour, probably the son 
and heir of Stephen, gave rents issuing 
from his tenements in St. Marygate 
(still called by the same name) and 
Sutorgate (nunc Church-street) in Ber- 
wick, for the support ofBerwick Bridge; 
(I Rot. Scot. 492, bit.) and David 11. 
gave him a sum of money in aid of his 
marriage. (Chamberlain's Accounts, ut 
supra.) 

Stephen Fourbour, temp. Edw. III. 
had also lands in Nether Lamberton, 
in Scotland, about four miles north of 
Berwick. (I Rot. Scot. 264.) In 
1336-7 his son Thomas was an hostage 
to Edward the Third for the fidelity of 
the mayor and community ofBerwick. 
(Ibid. 486.) 

At a prior period a Richard le Fur- 
bur was a merchant and burgess of 
Roxburgh. He obtained letters of 
safe conduct from Edward I. in 1291. (1 
Rot. Scot. 2.) and be occurs in 1296 as 
" tenons Joh'is de Soule vie' de Rokes- 
burgh." (Ibid. 35.) 

Robert Furbure, a merchant of 
Scotland, in 1358, was licensed to 
trade in England, &c. (Ibid. 830.) 

This is all the information I possess 
of the family, save that which your 
correspondent has supplied. Should 
he meet with any further information 
respecting this northern branch of the 
family, I shall feel much obliged by his 
communicating it to me. 1 am en- 
gaged in collecting materials for a 
History of Berwick, and it may conse- 
quently be of much use. 

Yours, 8ic, RoBT,y]«AT)S.u.« 



22 



[July, 



THE LATE MR. COLERIDGE, THE POET. 



» 



* 



LSTTBR or Mil. II. N. COLKRIOOE 
TO Mm, STUAltT. 

Lincoln' t Inu, 
Sir, May Alh. 1838. 

I return, with my compliments, the 
Geatlcman's Magazine which you hnve 
Bent to me, having peru&ed those pages 
in it to which I presume you intended 
to call my attention. 

I have a few words to say upon the 
sabject. 

Id answer to an application mode 
by mc to you three or four years ago, 
to know if you were willing to com- 
municate to Mr. Coleridge's represen- 
tatives any of his papers in your pos- 
session, you w^rote to mc a letter con- 
taining, amongst a great deal of matter 
in which I was not personally con- 
cerned, two complaints against mc in 
particular. One was, that in the 
Tabic Talk. I had published as a re- 
mark of Mr. Coleridge that you were 
"a ver}' knowing person." In reply 
to this (I speak from memory, not 
having any copy of these lettersj, 1 
expressed niy regret at having caused 
you any pain by publishing the words 
in question. I assured you, as was the 
fact, that Mr. Coleridge meant nothing 
offensive by them, but was speaking of 
your quick insight into the ways and 
characters of political |>ersonagc3 ; and 
1 promised, if I remember rightly, to 
remove the expression which had given 
you offence upon the first opportunity 
which should occur. Within a few 
mouths that opportunity occurred, 
upon tlic publication of a new edition 
of the book. In that edition T altered 
the passage in such a manner as fully 
to show Mr. Coleridge's intended ap- 
plication of the phrase. See p. 164, 
"Table Talk," 1836. 

The other complaint was, that in the 
same woi! ' ' - ' - ililished a remark by 
Mr. Col " he had raised tho 

sale of III.- ........iig Post from some 

small number to 7'^Mi in one year." In 
answer to this 1 sniti n* wrll as I can 
recollect, that I pu" at at the 

time I believed U> it; that 

you, howe%-i.T, wer« of course A con- 
clusive authority upon fhr r:iritT> r of 
the sale , that I n \y 

UIld«t«luod, UOt li '>'gc 



only, but from others not interested in 
the question, that his services of one 
kind or other to the Morning Post and 
Courier had not been so very trifling 
and inconsiderable as you represented 
them to be ; but that personally I had 
at that time little or no means of judg- 
ing of the point in dispute. Never- 
theless, that 1 might give you every 
satisfaction upon this subject also, I 
expunged the whole passage from the 
3nd edition in 1836 ; see p. gO. 

Further, with reference to your de- 
(ailed statement of your intercourse 
and dealings with Mr. Coleridge, I 
told you in precise terms that I was 
not writing, nor intended to write, his 
life ; but was simply collecting ma- 
terials for a publication of his literary 
remains in one particular class. You 
wore also informed who Mr. Cole- 
ridge's executor was, and it appears 
that you have long since known 
who intended to be his biographer. 
Under these circumstances permit me 
to ask how you justify your now 
speaking of me in print as having re- 
fused to do you justice, with regard to 
the only points ou which you overbad 
a right, and, after my letters, could in 
fact have expected, to receive any 
satisfaction from me i If the satis- 
faction on these points promised and 
rendered was in your opinion insuffi- 
cient, it was your part to Lave said so. 
You were silent for two years. If 
you sent your pages to the Gentle- 
man's Magazine without making any 
inquiry on the subject, where slept at 
once your feeling of self-respect, and 
Bcnse of justice to another, a stranger 
to you, of which you so constantly 
speak f If you did make the inquirjr, 
in what language do you think an in- 
genuous person wouldcharactcriseyour 
silence as to the result: I 

Having. 6ir, never introduced your 
name in public except upon the single 
occasion before nienlioncd, having 
tendered you amends for so introduc- 
ing it, ami f> ' 
you, 1 nu 
that f'jr 1 
at [■ 
wh. 1 
tonv. Ihi 
to the pu 



WIf, 

...iul 
\{j\u coolribution* 



1838.] 



J%e late Mr. Coleridge, tie Poet. 



23 



So mach for mjrself— one word for 
another. 

To the soDndness of your judgment 
in " not setting much value " on Mr. 
Coleridge's " letter to Fletcher " and 
"on the Spanish war," — to your gra- 
tuitous and mistaken statements re- 
specting his intercourse with Sir James 
Mackintosh and Messrs. Wedgewood ; 
to these and the like I say, as they re- 
quire, nothing. But allow me to sug- 
gest tiiat at one time in mentioning as 
if you believed a report of " Mr. Cole- 
ridge or his family at least being starv- 
ing." — and at another time in speak- 
ing directly of his " starving in Mr. 
Gillman's garret," you in both instan- 
ces forgot your own express aim and 
intention of "wounding the feelings 
pf no one ;" and that in the latter in- 
stance at least, if not in the former, 
you said that which it is most extra- 
ordinary you should not have known 
to be in letter and spirit untrue. For 
surely you are not ignorant that Mr. 
Coleridge lived with Mr. and Mrs. 
Gillman as with an affectionate brother 
and sister ; and you might in conse- 
quence have known that, with every 
room in a charming house at his com- 
mand, he chose for bis own conveni- 
ence what you so kindly and tastefully 
denominate a garret — such a garret 
and so regarded by a great man's sur- 
viving friends, that the memory of its 
exact size, shape, and furniture was 
thought worthy of being perpetuated 
by the hand of a superior artist. 

Sir, there is that in this publication 
of yours which might provoke and 
would justify a near relation of Mr. 
Coleridge's in addressing you in a 
graver tone. But remembering that 
you were once kind, and having no 
interest in heightening the painful 
contrast which you now voluntarily 
exhibit iu this respect, I close the cor- 
respondence for ever, in the charity of 
a smcere regret that it was ever com- 
menced. 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 

H. N. COIERIDGE. 



Mr. Ubban, 
My reply to the above is, that in a 
letter. 34th Sept. 1835, Mr. Henry 
Coleridge says, " I can be sure that / 
at least made no mistake ; my ancle 
certainly always eDtertaioing the be- 
li^ bowerer emaeoas, tbathia writ* 



ing, or the reputation of his writing, 
had actually been a principal mean of 
the rise of the Morning Post." 

In answer, under date the 22d Oc- 
tober, 1833, 1 complained at lengdi 
of Coleridge's misrepresentations, for 
reasons already described, and acquit- 
ted Mr. H. C. of any intentional mis- 
statement : but before he published his 
"Table Talk," 1 said Mr. H. C. 
should have consulted me on the points 
in which I was personally concerned. 
This was a long letter, to the effect of 
what I have already published in your 
Magazine. With that letter I delivered 
at Mr. H. C.'s chambers a large parcel 
of copies of Coleridge's letters to me, 
that he might be rightly informed ; 
but still in the second edition of the 
" Table Talk " he says nothing to cor- 
rect the mistaken opmions he had im- 
bibed from Coleridge. He cuts the 
matter short. In a letter to me dated 
7th November 1835, he writes, — 
" With regard to all the matter which 
is contained in your letters concerning 
Mr. Coleridge's services to the papers, 
I have nothing now to say. As to the 
money statements, I do not exactly 
understand the precise character which 
you may intend to give to them, be- 
yond the making known the simple 
fact of advances made to Mr. C. by 
yourself. If any thing more definite 
be meant, I trust you will not consider 
it cither offensive or indecorous in me, 
as a near'relation of Mr. C, to mention 
that Mr. Green of Lincoln's Inn Fields 
is his sole executor." 

By the above, it appears, Mr. H. 
Coleridge declined to notice my repre- 
sentations of the exaggerated accounts 
of Coleridge's services ; but when he 
referred me for a repayment of money, 
though in such civil terms, I thought 
he was laughing at me ; and there 
ended my attempts and expectations 
of having that done by Mr. H. Cole- 
ridge, which I have been driven to do 
for myself in your Magazine. I no 
longer communicated with Mr. H. 
Coleridge, whose qualification of the 
phrase " knowing person, " and omis- 
sion of the passage asserting the rise 
to 7000 in one year, shew Mr. H. 
Coleridge well knew what it was I so- 
licited. Whether he was writing a 
life or not, he was publishing such 
things as usually com^o^e ^\V[%, «i:^\ 
it would not \ixit. \>e^ii xticoukvxXkdX 
with them, toba\e y\«yce^«.mQ\i% V)Dtsici 



* 



84 



Anecdotes of Public Newspapers. 



[July. 



• 



tl«c representation 1 wished. Nay, he 
•was confiriniDg the vcr^' misstatements, 
which in his uncle's Literary Biography 
gave me uneaaine&a. " He would have 
uotliing to say respecting Coleridge's 
services to the papers." But he had 
had to say in "The Table Talk" re- 
spectingthem, and had said that which 
was untrue. lie was bound either to 
apologize or persist in his statement. 
A silent nmisaion in the second edition 
was insufficient. It might have been 
made by the printer or by accident, or 
for some other reason than the real 
one. Mr. H. C. no doubt preferred 
his uncle's representations to mine. 
He reproaches me with not consulting 
him before 1 sent my pages to the 
Magazine : I reply, why did he not 
consult me before he published his 
"Table Talk," in which I, having 
been Secretary to "the P'ricnds of the 
I'cople," was made to appear as if I had 
betrayed their secrets to Fox ? Secrets, 
oa I have already said, they hud none. 
It was not the assurances of Mr. H. 
C. and of Mr. Gillman that Coleridge 
always spoke well of me, nor the para- 
graph to that effect in Mr. Gillman's 
booK : all that was not to the point. 
Coleridge had printed that he had 
made roy fortune while he had re- 
ceived but a very small recompense. 
That assertion was in substance re- 
peated by Mr. H. C. and Mr. Gillman 
in print, and in print I determined to 
place my reply. For this purpose I 
chose a Magazine of an Urhane charac- 
ter, as a repository preserved in libra- 
ries to which future writers could at 
all times refer. 

Mr. II. Coleridge must have read 
over hastily the article in the Maga- 
zine. I did not say his uncle was 
starving in Mr. Gillman's garret ; but 
that the "Literary Biography," and the 
publications of Mr. H. Coleridge and 
of Mr. Gillman, might lead future 
commentators to say, while I was 
riding in my carriage, I left Coleridge, 
who had made my fortune, to starve 
in Mr. Gillman's garret. I am well 
aware of the kindness of Mr. and Mrs. 
Gillman to Coleridge, of the romfort 
he enjoyed rn their house, whert*. I 
may say. he was master of every thing 
tlipy i>o~s< -^.il ; where he coold and 
did I friends, as if the whole 

Jinn- ly thing in it. Imr! !;rcn 

19 own. 1 will add, tO( 
red, tUiJ I bvliere, iVj, . 



skill and attention prolonged his life 
many a day, and that his sense of 
this and his gratitude were unbounded. 



When Doctor Curric published the 
works of Burns, upwards of thirt}' 
years ago, some one (probably Mr. 
Southey) applied to me. to explain a 
charge or insinuation in the work 
against me or one of my brothers. I 
did so ; and proved that Doctor Curric 
had been misinformed. My elder bro- 
ther Peter, who started the first daily 
evening newspaper, the Star, now ex- 
actly half a century ago. in conse- 
quence of the increased facilities of 
communication by Palmer's mail-coach 
plan, then just begun, had written to 
Burns, oiTeringhim terms forcommani- 
cations to the paper, a small salary. 
quite as large as his Excise-office emo- 
luments. I forget particulars ; but I 
remember my brother shewing Burns' 
letters, and boasting of the correspon- 
dence with so great a genius. Burns 
refused an engagement. And if, as I 
believe the " Poem written to a Gen- 
tleman who had sent him a News- 
paper, ondJofTcred to continue it free of 
expense," was written in reply to my 
brother, it was a sneering nnhandsoroe 
return, though Doctor Currie saj's 
fift)'-lwo guineas per aunum for a 
communication once a week was on of- 
fer "which the pride of genius dis- 
dained to accept." We hear much of 
pursc-|)roucl insolence ; but poets can 
sometimes be insolent on the con- 
scious power of talent, as well as vul- 
gar upstarts on the conscious power of 
purse. In 1795, my hrtillier Peter 
purchased the copyright" of the Oracle 
newspaper, then selling SfKi daily, for 
80/. There were no house or ma- 
terials ; and I joined in purchasing 
the Morning Post, with house and 
materials, the circulation being only 
350 per day, for GOO/. What it was 
that occasioned such a dep of 

newspaper property at ' I 

cannot tell. TTicn it wa^ i . .i.ir 
again offered Burns an l-h : v , mdit, 
OS appears by the account cil Uuriik' 
Life, which was again declined. Burns 



I-,,. 



^\\-\f ibl Sifilt 



-h P.u.lri- 



n uiKrit. I\o>v, cunsulcnng ihai 
was cut u^m 0:i( duuiwcUT of 



11 



1838.] 



Anecioiei of Public tJew$paper». 



25 



my brother Peter by ill-ioformcd, bat 
honourably-meaning. Doctor Currie; 
1 find io that circumatance on apology 
or a public jostiiication of my own 
conduct to Coleridge, in explanation 
of the misstatements of the ill-informed 
Mr. H.Coleridge and Mr. Gillman. At 
the time of the Star in the years 1789 
and 179c, my brother Peter engaged 
Mr. Macdonald, a Scotch poet, aa^or 
of the plaj of ' Vimonda,' an accom- 
plished literary gentleman, with a 
large family, in very distressed circum- 
stances. My brother rendered him 
important pecuniary services. But his 
poems attracted so much notice, that 
the Morning Post tempted him, after 
a time, by a large salary, to leave my 
brother. Burns might have bad such 
an engagement. It would surely have 
been a more honourable one than that 
of an Excise ganger ? 

I think I have already shown that 
with my purse I was liberal to Cole- 
ridge to excess. A circumstance has 
occurred to my mind, which, still 
more condusively, negatives Mr. Hen- 
ry Coleridge's assertion, on his ancle's 
authority, that Coleridge raised the 
Morning Poet in one year from a low 
number to 7000. The last time Cole- 
ridge wrote for that paper was in the 
autumn of 1802, and it was well 
known that he wrote for it, and what 
it was he wrote. I recollect a conver- 
sation at that time with Mr. Perry, 
of the Morning Chronicle, in the smo- 
king room of the House of Commons, 
in which Perry described Coleridge's 
writings as poetry in prose. The 
Morning Herald and the Times, then 
leading papers, were neglected, and 
the Morning Post by vigilance and ac- 
tivity rose rapidly. Advertisements 
flowed in beyond bounds. I encou- 
raged the small miscellaneous adver- 
tisements in the front page, preferring 
them to any others, upon the rule 
that the more numerous the cus- 
tomers, the more independent and per- 
manent the custom. Besides ; nume- 
rous and various advertisements in- 
terest numerous and various readers, 
looking out for employment, servants, 
sales, and purchases, &c. &c. Ad- 
vertiaements act and re-act. They 
attract readers, promote circulation, 
and circulation attncta advertisemeuta. 
The Duly Admtis0r, wbicb sold to the 
pablhlbr two-peace balfpeoay, alter 
jwA^s stmwp duty of three halfpence. 
Ommt. MSao. Vol. X. f » 



never had more than half a column 
of news ; it never noticed Parliament, 
but it had the best Foreign Intelli- 
gpDce before the French Rievolution. 
The Daily Advertiser lost by its pub- 
lication, but it gained largely by its 
advertisements, with which it was 
crammed full. Shares in it sold by 
auction at twenty years' purchase. I 
recollect my brouier Peter saying, that 
on proposing to a tradesman to take 
shares in a new paper, he was an- 
swered with a sneer and a shake of 
the head, — " Ah ! none of you can 
touch the Daily." It was the paper 
of business filled with miscellaneous 
advertisements, conducted at little ex- 
pense, very profitable, and taken in 
by all public-houses, coffee-houses, 
fitc. but by scarcely any private fa- 
milies. It fell in a day by the scheme 
of Grant, a printer, which made all 
publicans proprietors of a rival, the 
Morning Advertiser, the profits going 
to a publicans' Benefit Society, and 
they of course took in their own 
paper ; — an example of the danger of 
dependence on any class. Soon after 
I joined the Morning Post in the au- 
tumn of 1795, Christie, the auctioneer, 
left it on account of its low sale, and 
left a blank, a ruinous proclamation 
of decline. But in 1802, he came 
to me again, praying for re-admis- 
sion. At that time particular news- 
papers were known to possess parti- 
cular classes of advertisements : the 
Morning Post, horses and carriages; 
the Public Ledger, shipping and sales 
of wholesale foreign merchandise ; the 
Morning Herald and Times, auc- 
tioneers; the Morning Chronicle, 
books. AH papers had all sorts of 
advertisements, it is true, but some 
were more remarkable than others for 
a particular class; and Mr. Peiry, 
who aimed at making the Morning 
Chronicle a very literary paper, took 
pains to produce a striking display of 
book advertisements. 

This display had something more 
solid for its object than vanity. Sixty 
or seventy short advertisements, filling 
three columns, by Longman, one day, 
by Cadell, 8cc. another — " Bless me, 
what an extensive business they must 
liave !" The auctioueera to Vbivft ^^ 
stipulate to have aU then «ANet\A«ft> 
ments inserted at once, ti!hA!t \2ive} i&Kf 
impress the public 'wititi gt«tiX V^tsM 
of their extensive businms. tYiT! 



InfMotes of Public Neit'spopfTi, 



I 



I 



will not have them dribbled out, a few 
at a lime, m the days of sale ap- 
proach. The journals have of late 
years adopted tiic same rule with the 
aarae design. They keep back advcr- 
tisements, till up with pamphlets and 
other stuff unnecessary to a news- 
paper, and then come out with a 
awami of advertisements in a double 
sheet to astonish their readers, and 
strike them with hig!i ideas of the ex- 
tent of their circulation which attracts 
so many advertisers. The meagre 
days are forgotten ; the days of swarm 
are remembered. 

The booksellers and others crowded 
to the Morning Post when its circu- 
lation and character raised it above all 
its comjietitors. Each was desirous 
of having his cloud of advertisements 
inserted nt once in the front page. I 
would not drive away the short mis- 
cellaneous advertisements by allowing 
space to be monopolized by any class. 
When a very long advertisement of 
a column or two came, F charged enor- 
mously high, that it might be taken 
away without the parties being able 
to say it was refused admission. I 
accommodated the booksellers as well 
at I could with a few new and press- 
ing advertisements at a time. That 
would not do ; they would have the 
cloud: then, said I, there is no place 
for the cloud but the last page, where 
the auctioneers already enjoy that pri- 
vilege. T!>e booksellers were RflFiont- 
cd, indignant ; the la^t page ! To ob- 
tain the accommodation refused by the 
Morning Post, they set uj) a morning 
paper — "The British Press ;" and to 
oppose the Courier, an evening one — 
•' The Globe." Possessed of general 
inrtuence among literary men, could 
there be a doubt of success.' 

As it is common in such ca«es, they 
took from me tny thief assistant. 
George Lane; supposini; that, having 
got him, Ihiiy got the Morning Post, 
and that I was nobody. Mr. Lane, 
us he owned, was in<l( hted to me for 
all he knew of newspapers. At first 
he was slow and feeble, liut his Ian. 
guagc was always that of a scholar 
and a gentleman, rather tame, but 
Irce from anything lo^v, scurrilous, 
or violent. AJfter frcvcral years of in- 
•IrtJCtJnn by me — I mr.y ^nv, edura- 
*'"' ' iiar- 

yj^f. ,,,^. 



the best writer of jevx tCetprit, sliort 
paragraphs of three or four lines. I 
ever had. With poetry and light pa- 
ragraphs I endeavoxired to make the 
paper cheerfully entertaining, not filled 
entirely with ferocious politics. One 
of Lane's paragraphs I well remember. 
Theatrical ladies and others were pub- 
lishing their memoirs. Lane said they 
would not give a portrait, but a bnit. 
Legat, the eminent engraver, came to 
me in raptures and pointed out tlic 
merits of the paragraph during an 
hour's expressions of admiration. I^oc 
had little knowleilge of politics and 
little turn for political writing j but 
he was a valuable assistant. He re- 
sided near the office, was ready 
and willing, at all hours, to go any 
where, and report any thing, and he 
could do every thing. Sometimes I 
even entrusted the last duties of the 
paper, the putting it to press, to him : 
an important and hazardous oSice, in 
the discharge of which he was growing 
more and more into my confidence. 
Of the corn riots in 1800, he and other* 
gave long accounts in leaded large 
type, while the Times and Herald had 
only a few lines in obscure comers, in 
black. The procession proclaiming 
peace, the ascent of balloons, a great 
fire, a boxing match, a law trial — in all 
such occurrences the Morning Post out- 
stripped its competitors, and its suc- 
cess was rapid, Lane was my chi*f 
assistant, and no wonder the book- 
sellers thought they had got the Morn- 
ing Post when they got Lane. But 
they never thought of ("oleridge I 1 ! 
though he, as we are told. rai«e<l th« 
paper in one year from a low numl>er 
to 70(X> daily! and though it was 
well known he did write, and what he 
did write, us Perry's remarks to me in 
the House of Commons tvio months 
before Lane wm taken away prov'6, 
Coleridge's Inst writings in the Morn- 
ing Post appeared in the autumn of 
I H05 • a few months afterward* the 
booksellers set up a rival journal and 
took from me n»y cliiff I'-c-innt, 
but they never thought ■ :e j 

no offer, or riint of n « iJe 

to hiia. < re 

very " kn uly 

knowing on sucl) v.alijt> rg^ 

papi'1'3 and aulhura.* 1. >: I 

• Sir Richaid WiUUp* wt* \V»e it><M 
active Of Ike bookMUcn uit the occuioik J 



^ 



iL 



18^8.] 



Anecdotes of Coleridge. 



i7 



knew him, Coleridge bad published 
▼olumes. I recollect his telling me of 
his offering a collection of poems to a 
bookseller in the west end, who re- 
commended him to write some warm 
love pieces as the most saleable. 
Coleridge did not follow the advice, 
though much distressed for money at 
the time, and spoke of it with indig- 
nation. I can add nothing stronger 
to show that Coleridge did not pro- 
duce any great effect on the Morning 
Post, than the choice the booksellers 
made of Lane and their neglect of 
Coleridge. Neither can I add any 
thing to his own letters in your last 
Magazine, Mr. Urban, to shew that, 
as far as money went, he was much 
overpaid for any thing he ever did for 
me. It was not between os a ques- 
tion of profit and loss. I regarded 
him as a man of extraordinary endow- 
ments, shipwrecked by habits, a baby 
in worldly affairs ; and \ had a pleasure 
in assisting him. I inserted in the last 
Magazine Coleridge's letter about 802. 
between him and Wordsworth. 1 
never paid or gave Wordsworth any 
money for services. What that letter 
alluded to, I cannot tell. I published 
it to shew the confusion of Coleridge's 
memory on money affairs. He never 
thought of money except when a ne- 
cessity for it occurred, and then he 
applied to the readiest quarter, often 
to me; and such applications never 
failed, except twice ; once when Mr. 
Street, as half-proprietor of the Cou- 
rier, must have paid half the 50/. 
mentioned in the last letter in your 
last Magazine ; and once when Cole- 
ridge resided with Mr. Morgan, near 
Chippenham, 1 being at the time far 
from London and much engaged. 
Coleridge never kept money a day. 
When he received a sum, it went to 
pay debts ; it was dispersed as if it 
werea troubIesomeencumbrancc,about 
which he could not bear to have his 
mind disturbed. 

This subject leads me to an import- 
ant feature in his character. When 
he went to Germany, the Antijacobin 
poblications accused him of deserting 
Lis wife and children. In his" Literary 
Biography "he alludes to these charges. 
He never deserted them in the sense 

and Mr. Lane, a few months ago, was 
condncting a daily newspaper. I desire 
nothing to be takes on ajraiagle uaet" 
Hem, ■ 



which the words imply. On the con- 
trary, he always spoke of them to me 
with esteem, affection, and anxiety. 
He allowed to them the greatest part 
of his income, but that was sometimes 
insufficient for their comfortable sub- 
sistence, and he himself was usually 
more distressed for money than they 
were. This is the impression made 
upon me : Coleridge could not endure 
the cares of a family. Money was 
often required, and hints were as often 
given that he might earn abundance 
by his writings. In excuse for his 
retiring from his family, then at Kes- 
wick, he said to me one day, among 
other things, that he was worried 
about domestic affairs : that he was 
perpetually teased, among other things* 
about the cow ; the cow this and tiie 
cow that, he making two syllables of 
the word (kee-ow) ; the X;ee-oio was 
unwell; the kee-ow was going to calve, 
&c. he pronouncing the word peevishly. 
He never liked what may be called 
tavern or large dinner parties. A 
small quiet domestic circle, that he 
enjoyed ; to be in a family where be 
could read and think and write, and 
walk and wander, both in body and 
mind, without care or calls of duty. 
I at times passed successive days with 
him when we were alone, and I never 
heard a sentiment or a word from him, 
either on morals or religion, that was 
not of a mild, honourable, a charit- 
able kind, such as would have become 
any clergyman. He regretted that 
the Church of England did not yield a 
little to include in its bosom many ofthe 
Dissenters, who differed slightly from 
it ; but he was full of horror at the 
thoughts of Catholic ascendancy, the 
evil consequences of which he pointed 
out by reference to principles, and still 
more by reference to history. 

*,* Thus, then, I have disposed of 
the two assertions that Coleridge made 
the fortune of the Morning Post and 
was insufficiently rewarded. In your 
next number, Mr. Urban, I will give 
some anecdotes of him highly honour- 
able to his memory, and in themselves 
of public interest. 

June g. Daniel Stuabt. 

Ebratuh. — In the last Magazine, 
p. 579, first column, fourteen lines 
from the bottom, for, " as to its mem- 
hen, and told Fox so," read, " «& \o \\a 
lumhert, and told Fox «Q." 1V)M v% 
nateriAl to the metaung. 



STOURTON CHUR 
(WUA a 

THOSK who have once visited tbe 
fitlage orn4 of Stourton, will not for- 
get its pleasing and delightful appear- 
ace. Tlie housee, nil inhabited by 
It mairied senants, or immediate 
tdependant;!, of the tnsteful lord of 
"itourhead. have been generally re- 
built or remodelled ; and, covered with 
roses, jessamines, and various kinds 
lof clematis, they breathe of sweetness 
|«Dd of peace. In the midst is the 
Ivillage inn, where the same benevolent 
Mipirit, with a truly public hobpitaiit^-, 
i&s provided a large accession to the 
I conveniences generally afforded at a 
[small village, and where the tourist, 
[aitiacted by the beauties of the adja- 
[cent domain, most liberally thrown 
I open to his footsteps, is placed in the 
[most convenient situation for enjoy- 
inK the objects of his pursuit. 

But, above all. the neatness of the 
[Church, and the charms of iu situ- 
[ation, enhance the delightful associa- 
[tions of Stourton. The churchyard 
[possesses a beautiful prospect from its 
Iinclosure, extending over a wcll- 
^'ooded and undulated scenery, thickly 
covered with laurel. 

The Church, which is dedicated to 
iSt. Peter, consists of a nave eitending 
[from the turret to the belfry forty- 
Lthree feet six inches; and from the 
{choir to the altar twenty-eight feet 
[sine inches: its total breadth a, thirty- 
lone feet from the north door. It has 
[one side aiblc to the north, and a 
[family pew projecting to the south, 
jits exterior appearance will be seen 
[from the Plate; in the interior its 
loriginal architecture is encroached 
Ivpon by alterations in the Grecian 
I Btyle. 

It contains many memorials to the 
family of Stourton, which are faith- 
Ifully recited iu Sir Richurd IloarcV 
lliifttory of the Hundred of Mere. On 
lone tomb are two effigies sculpt^ircd 
fin btooe, and recumbeut uu a richiy- 
lecorated base ; of which the histo- 
8;tve« a plate. There is 
■'" '.ine, representing 

led in on anti(]ue 
-' ' an the 
- nprth 



w of btoartoo ii*ti lirid for «9 




CU. WILTSHIRE, 
Piale.i 

many centuries, llieir sepulchral mi 
raorials naturally formed a sei|ucl 
those of their predecessors ( ' r' 

Stour. or these, the foil 
within and without the Wmo >j> lIjc 
parish church. 

Henry Hoare, with Jane Benson his 
wife, were buried without the walls of 
the church ; and, till within these few 
years, iheir tombstones, exposed to 
the weather, became dilapidated, and 
threatened decay. They were, how- 
ever, restored, and placed under cover, 
with a sarcophagus on each lonib, by 
the late worthy Baronet ; who also re- 
stored the ancient cross, and elected a 
family mausoleum in the churchyard 
adjoining, which are both seeo in our 
view. 

The name of Henry Hoare, the firBt 
settler at Stourton, has been thus re- 
corded by an iuacription placed to bis 
memory by his widow : 

" To the pious memory of Uenkt 
Ilo.vHK, E«({uire, sou of Sir Riclianl 
Hoare, »amctiiiic Lord Mayor, President 
of Christ's Hrispitnl. antf Meoibcr of 
Porliitmcat for tlic City of London. 

" His rhuractcr ix »oii|b;ii '•- 

scribe"], and yet too gooii to : 
ills love of '■'"' ■■"') maul...... -.. ,. ,-o 

ardciil tliat . II o|iportuuitie$ of 

hunouriug ti> ' doing good to the 

olher. Uu was btfictly piuas hiui-sclf, 
vrttbonf beinsr cen.'Oriuu* to others ; fruly 

ju..,,., I:' 

out r- -T 

good l]. ' . ■ i;-.; ; ■,' .'(1 

by couvrrsing with the best bookii tkltd 
niiest luen, and by a congtont coane of 
scriuna medit&Uon. He lived uikJer a 
»irilled linbit of privhtr cliaritic«, and 

I, -- r I I - I- :- -11 .1 ..l.hr 



mcuia of God. iiencr ho 
with the f'tefm f»f nil ~nmj i 



111- rit . I i . 'il 

tlifrtfcirr ' 'u 

(\i»,i llitinr' .::__, I . ^ _ _ oi 

I 

by !ii^ lfl*f will Iwn tli<tti«!*Bd 



the Uolj b)bU, Uw Cvuuava fmicr. ud 



18383 



Stomrton f^hnrch, WiUthire: 



tbe Whole Doty of Mu; and left one 
tboiuand three hundred poondi to other 
charitable uaea. Uia soul vent to God 
March the l$th, 1724, in the forty-eighth 
rear of his age. 

" He married Jane, daughter of Sir 
William Benson, Knight, by whom he 
had eleven children, of which two sons 
and three daoghters now Burrire. This 
monument was erected at her expense, 
being now his monmfid widow, as she was 
his most faithfol and affectionate wife." 

After the death of this manificent 
and public-spirited citizen, his widow 
resided at Stonrhead, and, in the same 
spirit of charity which breathed so 
fenrently in the breast of the husband, 
she made several charitable and reli- 
gions bequests in favour of the parish 
of Stonrton. She was interred in an 
arched grave without the eastern wall 
of the church, where a simple memo- 
rial records her birth and death : — 

" In the same fituation, and parallel 
with the grave of hi* mother, was depo- 
rited, by his own special order, the body 
of her son, Henry Hoare, Esquire, whose 
memory is commemorated by a handsome 
monnmental tablet and inscription within 
the church , erected by order of his executor 
and 8on>in-law, Kr Richard Hoare, of 
Bam Elms, Bart. — In the year 1817 these 
tombs, by a long exposure to the weather, 
became so dilapidated, that Sir Richard 
Colt Hoare, in gratitude to his grand- 
ftther and generous benefactor, ordered 
the tombs to be repaired, and a porch to 
be built over them, 

* Sie eineri gloria tera venil ." " 

Oq the same wall, and adjoining to 
the aforesaid monument, within the 
church, is the following inscription to 
the memory of Henry, son to the late 
Henry Hoare, Esquire : — 

" Henry Hoare, Esquire, to whom this 
memorial is erected, married, first, Anne, 
daughter of Samuel Lord Masham, by 
whom he had a daughter, who died in 
1735, aged eight years. By his second 
wife, Susan, who deceased in 1743, 
daughter and heiress of Stephen Colt, 
£squire, he had three sons and two 
daughters : 1 . Henry, who died soon after 
birth in 1739; 3. Henry, born S3 De. 
cember 1730, who died at Naples in 1753; 
3. Susanna, bom 13 April 1733, married, 
first, to Chisrles Lord Boyle, afterwards 
Lord Dungarvan, ddest son of John Earl 
of Cork and Orrery ; secondly, to Thomas 
Lmd Bruce, now Earl of Ailesbnry ; she 
died in February 1783 ; 4. Colt, bom 11 
Mommber 1733, who died in May 1740 ; 
5. Aime, bom 97 June 1737, who. being 
mutied to Bkhard Hoare, of Bam Binu, 
is tt« vernn^ ci l^uit^, Stqutn, «d 



having given birth to two sobs. Hears 
Richard, boro and buried in 1757, ana 
Richard Colt, bom 9 December 1759, 
expired on the 5th of May 1759, leaving a 
lively image of many amiable virtues im> 
pressed on the hearts of all who had the 
happiness of knowing her gentle and en- 
gaging character." 

The above inscription is placed oq, 
a large tablet in Stourton church, and 
decorated with two cupids or angels, 
one of whom is represented entwining 
a wreath round a sepulchral urn ; the 
other, weeping, holds a funereal torch 
in one hand and a scroll in the other, 
on which are the following lines* 
written by William Hayley, Esquire : 

"Ye, who have vicw'd in pleasure's choicest 

hour 
The earth embcllish'd on these banks of Sfarar, 
With rratefUl reverence to this marble lean, 
Baised to the friendly Founder of the scene. 



to find 

A sweeter Eden in a bounteous mind. 
Thankful these fair and flowery paths he trod. 
And prized them only as they lead to God." 

The third and remaining monument, 
which is placed within the rails of the 
altar, records the memory of Hester 
Lyttelton, daughter of William Henry 
Lord Westcote, since created Lord 
Lyttelton, and wife of Sir Richard 
Colt Hoare, Bart. : 

" To the memory of the Honourable 
Hester Hoare, wife of Richard Colt 
Hoare, Esquire, of Stourhead, in tha 
county of Wilts, and daughter of tfao 
Right Honourable Lord Westeote, of 
Hagley Park, in the county of Worcester, 
who died on the i33nd day of August, in 
the year 1785, in the twenty-third year of 
her age." 

This beautiful monument was sent 
from Italy, and represents a sarcopha- 
gus of Egyptian granite, surmounted 
by an urn of foreign marble, with two 
weeping boys. 

The excellent Baronet, whose death 
wc have now to lament (see the 
Obituary of our present number), — 
alike estimable as the paternal land- 
lord and the munificent patron of 
literature and art, was interred beneath 
the Mausoleum erected in the church- 
yard ; upon which is placed a tablet 
thus inscribed : 

Hoc Sepui-chretum 

SiBI ET POSTSBIS 

RICHARDUS COLT HOARE 

VIEBI CUBAVIT 

Ammo MDCCC^UX. 
We tnut w« diaU be «ttWKA.*ui «^ 




lourton Church, Wiltshire. 



I 
I 

■ 



I 






pending to tbis article the following 
extract from the hitherto unpublished 
History of the Hundred of Frustficld, 
contributed to Sir Richard Hoore'a 
great work by George Matchain. K«|. 
LL.D. After recording the dostructiou 
of a stately and venerable mansion, 
situated in a village street, the writer 
remarks : 

_ " The sohtary grandeur witli whioh the 
rich and noble now aspire to be sur- 
rounded, ia Uttle consonant with the feel, 
ings and habits of the ancient baronage 
and gentry of the realm. The viltagt was 
tktir pride, 04 well a^ their own habita. 
tioii I and if they valaed the gi|^antic oaks, 
which witnessed so many generations of 
their race, they held in still greater esti- 
mation the attached tenantry and pea- 
santry, who produced their revenues, 
maintained their rights, and shored in 
the pains and pleasures of their lives. 
But these days of mutual depeoiUncc and 
intercourse, In too many instantreii, have 
long since passed away. Tue lord of the 
manor is now rarely contented with Ids 
local distinctions, and according to his 
means and abilities seeks the honours and 
amusements of the Court, the town, and 
more frequently the all engulphing wa. 
tcring.place. The easy communication 
which tcuipts away the master, brings 
discontent and new desires to his retain- 
ers ; the di5|>en9ers of misrule, both civil 
and religious, occupy the deserted post, 
and too often the carelessness, extortion, 
and disregard of one party, is met by 
coldness, distrust, and disresiiect in the 
other. Hence probably then the love of 
seclusion and excluKion among our higher 
chuses is generated an<t fostered, and the 
extent of the mischief gradually spreads 
into wider circles." 

These observations form the text to 
the following very appropriate note: 

" That many instances to the contrary 
«3iist, the face of the country, and the 
knowledge of individuals, prove alike; and 
all, perhaps, may point out one or moi'e, 
where the imaginution itself i» satisfied, 
with the scene of comfort and beauty 
wliieh such villages afford. Can I then 
in this place, with the rccollcctioa wliich 
■O many aunnal lisitb have itremfttifnci', 
forhcjir to record my otrit in 
cslhng to mind the picture of 
of Stourtoii, in all its ctm'" ' , , „( 

situation, propriety, nir ma- 

mcnt .* Its church, (pin I • vcr- 

dant knoll, bftckcd by wixiii,/ rich in 
Gothif drcor.i'ion, trnr in iU pri'pnrtinn'f, 



awaiting congregation — the tombstones of 
the \illttgcrs, mossy and ancient but na| 
ruinous — and thp mausoleum of Ihc lordi 
of the soil : — at its termination the lakfl 
glistening through the foliage, which sur- 
rounds the magnificent cross, restored ' 
with the care due to a ' monument of 
kings ;' the dwellings scattered over (he 
sides of the narrow valley, duly varied in 
9Vte and character with the degrees and 
employments of their inmates, but each 
exhibiting the carefulness of the roaater 
for the comfort of all, and the grorea 
which clothe the heights where the man. 
!<ion of that master stands? Can I pass 
over the moral l>eauty of this scene, or] 
the happy effect whicii the residence of"^ 
a great and beneficent landowner is hers] 
shown to produce on the face of nature, j 
and what is of more consequence on tha4 
human face divine ? To one individual 1 
alone, I trust, I need apply for this in- 
dulgence ; and let liim excuse tlie expres- 
sion of that which so many others have 
felt for years, must pass away before hii 
works cease to S])eak for theraiclves, and 
before the name of ' Sir liichard' will, 
fail in calling up to that neighbourhood I 
those feelings of rcflpectful attachment ( 
which it now imparts to it. To those 
who, Uke me, hiive occasionally been do- 
miciled in these scenes, the character of 
.\tticus has probably recurred : ' Elegaoa 
non magnificus, splcndidus non sump- 
tuosus, omni dihgeutiH niunditiem nou i 
affluentem affectabat . . . Mendaciuui 
ncque dicebat, nequc pati potcrat. Itaque 
ejus cotnitas non sine severitnte erat, 
nequc gravitas 5irie fucilitate, ut difficile 
esset intellectu utrum eum amici magia 
vcnereutur an amarcnt, Nunquam sus- 
cepti negotii eum pertspsum est; suam 
enim e.tistimationem in eA re agi putabat 
<|ii.^ nihil babcbat carius ... ex quo ju- 
dicari potuit non inertili, sed judicio fU' 
gissc reipublico; procnralionem. Nemo 
in cooviviis ejus oliud acroama aadirit 
quam anagDOsten, ncque unquam sine 
aliquA lectione apud euro coenatum, nCJ 
uou minus onimo quara ventre roovivic 
delectarentur ; namque eos vocabat quo- 
rum mores a suis ncv ^ *■ ■■'■■• Mo- 
ris etiam majorum - fuit 
— nulla enim lex, ir , ; . 'jeU 
lum, neqne rc'i illuslrta c«i pupuh Ro- 
mani quie non in eo. suo tempore aic { 



notita ; ct <|U< 
miliarum orip: 
clatoniin ••■ 
cere.' I 

tented \vi 

•Bill 



iim fait, (ic ta.- 
atit, ill rx 9l>l 

■■--■■- (Ognot- 
«-<« con- 
xildnesat 

• Of 

link 



/viitiae axte, tiic *(alptUKd *eo( Us ibo dcaugi uuv^b tUv plcuMn of gid agt ^ 




;u umuiri 

ordiiit'S, 

iiTini «r- 

^llOfVB !«• . . May 

llK>e uicfui iDd etcgnnl pur»uiU retain 

Ibetr iaitttit till thr InttfSt p«iioiI ot 

esistCQC*. and when that sliall 

" Ami JlioH 
WitacM, Clpian T<>n)p<'of:^oL'ftiije/i.b' 
(A) ' not t.r^ .iii-u^. Kith htRDil ami Kcntlr Hmilr, 
A(t.t 

III! 

Mi- 
ll! - 

iViln 

W?i. 

oil 

iifi' 

Ma: 

To' 

B.-I.. 
Or. 
llJ.^ 
An.' 



I- to till' l»uk of a^, 
lit— ihv lilx^ml Mii.<it«r spreftiU 
■ '-iirch 



IDS wikhIs 
' >i of CIldStoub, 
ilip nnigc 
njl;— 

.-.,-. -Jiinff »rt, 

MibraaUtjOtlnslxirimgli, 
otn llie xilent w»ll» — 
..Hr "i| iT-»iv^t tmii lovp, 
•nt. mill criirrou* Hoauk, 
■ • •■ • ■ -• ' ,te«(l, 

; fall, 
■ . i'i(-e!" 

IkiwLU's Dag* Dtparttd. 



M* 



futi^v. May 15. 

t together some notes in 

> OuAEL, but the appear- 

cond letter induced mc 

my communication until 



1»l 

ariv 

to ■.• 

thia time. 

I have to repeat my dissent from 
the protestation of your correspon- 
dent, that he will listen to no " opi- 
nionii of others," but will adhere to 
fueti only. The decision from foots 
Is " ' ' best way to deter- 

iti': I. but 1 submit, with 

al ' ■! Ittto the 

f)| — writers 

wi ,.o. ,.iv,.,^its for ob- 

tn II, is much toocxclu- 

■ i riTiainly few have 

«\ . vo a mode 

ol '! ' liave any 

been able to carry it wholly into effect ; 
even KioK GiiAET. himself cannot al- 
ti -I the impulse, but quoted 

Stt i I iotham, Elalbi, and others, 

wtih u^ iiiucii npparctil satisfaction, 
a* ! »ln»iil'l U.ivc 1ki.ii inclined to do, 
. ivcd thoHC iwtihnrUivi JV- 
idduccd. Jmice*l be ex- 




(ipinioQ n( Geseniua coincides with his 
own." 

The learning of Gesenius* must be 
admitted, but was his knowledge of 
Gai^lic eufficicut to enable him to give 
BO decided on opinion ? The professor 
delivers his dictum, ^x cathcdrd, that 
the Irish being of a Celtic origin hatii 
no affinity with Hebrew, and wonders 
that there are still those who do not 
sicken at the revcriea of Vallancey. 
TTie authority of Fioa Guael on this 
subject has much more w^eight with 
me. 

The " triad" of comparison which 
FiOH Ghael is desirous of entering 
upon, ia not, to ray apprehension, ex- 
actly the mode to be adopted; I shall, 
however, endeavour to meet his views, 
and present sovrq facta which, I trust, 
will be more satisfactory than reitera- 
ted "theories and authorities;" but 
1 must first remark that if the affinity 
of many languages was to be judged 
by their grammatical construction, 
brought to its present state, as most 
of them are, by the inventive genius 
of successive grammarians ; some cog. 
nate speeches would appear to have 
no relationship. According to Balbi, 
upon whose authority Fion Ghaei, 
lays some stress, the copia verbo- 
rum proves the radical affinity of laa» 
guages. 

I shall take then tlie five verses of 
St. John'» Gospel as Fioa Ghaei. haa 
given them, but I shall adopt a more 
just manner of comparing the two 
langruages. Fion Ghael has given 
some instances of difference between 
the Gaelic and Irish versions of the 
Bible, in the use of words altogether 
dissimilar in sound and orthography, 
yet perfectly synonjTnous. With all 
ilue respect for the authorised transla- 
tion of Scripture, I shall for the sake 
of exemplifying my position substitute 
another, the orthography of the words, 
which I hope Fior GuaklwIII allow 
to be correct Gaelic, showing a much 
clo«er identity with the Welsh ; and 
I have thought it necessary to give 
several of the corresponding words in 
both, orthoepically, for the benefit 



^ 



• " GescUus'wasalapnUf^Vvc^AtQfia 
not having on oppoit^mil^; ot c«<i\m\> ^m 
left aacort«cted. 



m 



mm 



i 



I 



of readers unacquainted vflih tliose 
tonguc-s. To save tlic space of your 
Magazine, I shall (Ji-*pcnse with the 
re-inscrliuii of tho Ciai-lic verses, refer- 
ring to Feb. p. 142, where they appear ; 
anil the dispassionate reader will ac- 
knowledge that, instead of there being 
three words only that hove a resem- 
blance, there Is in realitv a vcrv great 



Ifftftlffff. 



[Jnfr. 



I 



An SoUt/eul a mir Ruin, 

I. Ann an *teaekdttad bhA a 'GhairM, 
ttiu o Gfiairm bba *euid ri Dia, agiu 
Wia b'e Gbairm, 

8. So yA«j» mn an (eachdread bba 
fuid ri Dia. 

3. pjVi'ff m' ehfti' ^dheanamh 'gacb 
htth; affu» aK(!o es ni dhravamh, dad a 
ihtcmadh. 

• 4. *Aun do es tiha *btatha ,- ngus Ai'a ■ 
bheatka wl ^^dhaahif. 

S. Agua ta' n t **eola* a •'/*»> /f»i*i# an 
^doille, agni ni'ur ''MmpAaAA an (for/<« e. 

Here we see something more than 
a word of similar sound and import 
occurring occasionally in the two lan- 
guBgrs, The orthoepy will draw closer 
their afBaity. 

1. TeacFidread. pr. teaghkread, the 
i;h having that guttural sound so diffi- 
cult to be emitted by Saxon organs of 
speech, Tfuchd read, otherwise ruld, 
the coming of ihltx^B—ergo the be- 
ginning, Dcchriuod. 

2. G-' ■, cry; a calling, a 
proclain a/, a w^ord, vexbum. 
G air iu i;<iMi 1^t'oh and Gai^hc signify 
a shout, report, resounding. 

3. Cuid ri. Cuid, a. share, ri, with. 
FiOR Ghai'.l must know that the Sax- 
onauseic where the Ciai^I and Ciimri use 
p and c, which are convertible Jettpr* > 
ej>. Gallia, Wollia; Cuid, Gyd, Wid, 
With, 8cc. 

4. Fhein. one's own self, is pro- 
noonced hein and hin throughout the 
HigMantls. 

=1 Irid, thr' ■:, ft, 

aci . of na, th' lorm 
of ht, lum. 

$. Dhpanamh, pr. Ycaiuiv, cSoljIg, 

Acting. 

7. Oaeh. pr. goch. tach. in^ry 5 hith, 

Kfc- ' — ' • -- 

of ii. .(.-.». uoL. .!-.<! ii!v j".'.tti»e when 
aopn^che atidtUooa] tnevuna u r^«"«n 
to it, " 



afSnity, and should any Welah scholar 
take the trouble to give us another 
version of the f'umrneg, there ean l«.«| 
no doubt but that altinily will ap|H.-ar { 
fltill more striking. This is my own 
conviction, and I cooceivc 1 have token 
the most rational mode of determining 
the question. 



Yr Effntfyl y» 0/ Sont Joan- 

I. J'n y deehreuad yn oedii j Oeir, 
oedd gyd a Dhw, a Dtiv, oedd y Omr. 

3. /r«m oedd jfn j dtehrruad ff4 t 
Bum. 

3. Tnpyddo tf j ffwnaftkpvryU poll 
pftk ; at hfhddti ef ui tcnopMpwyd dim 
a'r a wma^Mpwyd. 

4. Vnddo ef yr oedd byvyd: a'r bywyd 
oedd oimm di/nion, 

5. A'r go/eani sj'dd jm tUtpychu yn 
y tyvylhvch ; a'r tyiti/llwch nid oedd yn 
ei iniigyjfred. 

9. Bealha. life. 

10. Dhaoinp is often pronounced 
Dine. It is the plural of Uuine, man, 
and without oBering much violence tu 
common usage, it might be formed 
like a regular noun,^Uuineait instead 
of Daoine. 

II. Eal and t>ntai, mental light, 
which i*, I belicTp, the meaning of the 
tett. Otilcan, is learning. 

12. Lrir, visible. An leir dbuit el 
Does it appear to you/ LeirachodB, 
throwing light npon. 

13. Doill^, daliadh and dallachd, 
darkness, from dall, applied to one 
who is blind, 

14. J'mrhndh, or unwidh about, 'or ( 
around you, cmljracc. Thr '•"• — irlct ' 
seem deficient in giving tl ■ m- 

bracing, as used in the L. i-.jjh- 

lands, to this word, which occurs iti 
somr <>1f1 ^T?S., as umghahh ; umfhasg, 
Ir. 1 iracf. 

I ' ■ • is hrr* n<> i-iTii( •Imln- 

ing. to further my pat •.-». 

Of cnvsrsr cvrrr onr ti.-: 'ind 

tba' \]^<t 

tW'i :ini. 

oat mcrv. miuiia^ af chaoca i 

or • 



I 
til.- 

It \-i uri'i.-lnir 

ability with v 
luirhvitablv «iim, i u^ 



■pn- 
me 



I > u\nv^i< 



1838.] 



The Welsh, Irish, and Gaelic Language». 



■ttack upon Llwyd and Rowland, I 
wholly deprecate as an unwordty 
aspersion on the characters of those 
writers. To be told that the man who 
wrote not only a Welsh Dictionary of 
high repute, but one of Gaelic and 
another of Irish, had not sufficient 
honesty to record his conviction of the 
non-affinity of those languages, is 
somewhat startling ; it is, to use the 
mildest expression, a severe reflection. 
Sorely such animadversions savour 
ver^ strongly of that " national pre- 
judice" or literary bias, which Fiob 
Gbabl so becomingly repudiates. 

As I formerly stated, languages 
most have borne a closer resemblance 
to each other in remote ages, than 
when in the lapse of time they become 

Goll mesr mileats 
Ceap ns crodhachta 
Laimh fhial arachta 
Mian ns mordhasa 
Mar kim lanteinne 
Fraoch nsch bhfaarthear 
Laoeh go hm ndealbhnsigh 
Reim an richaraibh 
Leomhan Inatharmach 
A leonadh biodhbhaidh 
Ton ag tream taargnin 
GoU' nan gnath iorgoil 
Nar diraoch a threin taehar 
A^ gan fbarachnaigfa 
Buial aig meadachoaigh 
Laoch gbacha lamhac 
Leomhui lonn ghniomhach 
Beodha binn dhuanach 
Creasach comhdhalacb, 
Eachteacb iolbhuadhach. 

It is quite unnecessary to mark the 
coincidences in the above. It may be 
simply observed that bh and mh in 
Gtelic have the sound of v ; h placed 
alter d and f aspirates those conso- 
nants, and dd, in Cumraeg, has the 
power of th. LI has a sound peculiar 
to the Welsh, the nearest approach to 
which is the Spanish 11. I would 
have given an English translation, 
fornished by an eminentWelsh scholar, 
bat my conununication is already get- 
ting too long ; it may be furnished at 
another time, and the terms will be 
found to agree precisely with the 
Gaelic. 

I mast now conclude, thanking Mr. 
Urban for allowing his columns to be 
the vdiiele of a discussion both inta- 

OaxT. Ma9. Vou X. 



33 



refined and lose their primitive sim- 
plicity ; and in my work on the Gael, 
of which F. G. does me the honour to 
speak with so much favour, I diUted 
considerably on the subject ; under the 
necessity, at the same time, of citing 
many authorities in defence of my posi- 
tion. The following old Irish frannant 
of poetry, has been rendered into Welsk 
by the late Dr. Davies, author of 
" Celtic Researches," &c.;* and if it 
does not beyond dispute prove these 
languages to be as closely allied, as 
diflfcrent locality and long separation 
could well permit, I must confess my 
judgment to be so warped that I can- 
not come to a lucid or reasonable con- 
clusion. 



Coll mAr milMdau 
Cyf y crenddogan, 
liawhael aradia 
Myn y mordasan 
Mur-Uam llawntandde 
Gmgiawg vuarthawr 
Lluch Dawn dyvinaidd 
Rhwyv 7 rbiwraidd 
Llew-vin llwth arvawg 
A ellynoedd bnddraidd 
Ton a thrtn terwyn 
CoU J gnawd orchwyl 
Nid trecb yn trin taehar 
Ag anhwyndig 
Maelawg mywedig 
Llach a gwycblawiawg 
Llew-vin llawngniviawg 
Biwiawg, bendannawg, 
Cresawg, cyvdalawg, 
Eigiawg boUvuddiag. 

resting and instructive. I hope that 
enough has been brought forward to 
reduce the confidence of Fioa Ghakl in 
the rectitude of his opinions ; to con- 
vince him I can scarcely hope, but I 
am fortunate in having met an oppo- 
nent whose oriental knowledge is so 
profound, and whose style of argu- 
ment is so respectful to me personally. 
This courtesy, it seems, he has ex- 
tended in my case, to one who has the 
honour of his acquaintance. 
I am. Sir, yours, &c. 

Jambs Looan. 

* " The Claims of Ossian considered." 
The competence of this writer in Kaltie 
dialects is unexceptionable. 



F 



34 



A VISIT TO A MONASTERY OF LA TRAPPE. 



* 



, tio 

^ foi 



k 



BINCE the restoration of the Ca- 
tholic religion in Franccj the govern- 
ment hsis sanctioned the re-establish- 
ment of many of those monastic or«lers, 
the members of which devote them- 
selves to objects of public ulilitj-. The 
services of the Sisters of Charity in the 
public hospitals were of too much 
value to Napoleon, for his wounded 
soldiers, not to be encouraged and 
fostered by him. The courage and 
utter abandonment of all velfigh con- 
siderations, which distinguish these 
excellent women, not only in times of 
aangutnary wars and epidemic disor- 
ders, but in the ordinary routine of 
their duties in hospitals and poor- 
houses (displayed, too. as they some- 
times are, by persons of noble birth 
and refined education) obtain for thero 
universal respect and the highest ap- 
probation of tbc administrators of 
charitable institutions, who in their 
reports speak of their services as in- 
estimable, such as money could not 
procure, and which can only be in- 
spired by the purest sentiments of 
religion. When Louis the Eighteenth 
visited the hospitals in London, after 
expressing his admiration of the ge- 
neral arrangements, he qualified his 
praise with the observation, " Mais 
Tous n'avez pas nos soeurs griscs." 
Services aa painful and as exemplary 
are rendered to the insane by the nuns 
of the order of Le bon Sauveur. while 
the Ursulines and the Frircs des Ecolcs 
Clir^ticnncs devote themselves to the 
education of the poor. All theseorders, 
distinguished by their ecclesiastical 
dfcsses, arc to be seen iu every large 
town in France ; but the parsing En. 
glisb traveller may not be equally aware 
that some of the severest monastic 
institutions, characterised by mysti- 
ciam, niortiScation, and self-denial, 
have crept in during the Restoration, 
and, surviving the unfriendly Revolu> 
tioD of the Three Days, are still to be 
found in the midst of the general 
frivolity and scepticism of our neieih- 

'.■ as the nationrtl ' 

-, not only froi 
t i.%v:ii iioro serious rciigi<ju!> <.>i>- 
aervance. 

Til.- TT>->«+ »rvr.rn r.l" ♦1,(>SC Is thC OUlCT 

or 1 the most rigid 

»b- ! :__ ^._ — usion adds the 
MbBoiute denial of e;>eech to its mem- 



bers among each other. A moniutwy 
of this order has been established 
about thirteen years, near the small 
town of Briquebcc, in the Cotentin, 
about five leagues from Cherbourg, 
where a farm of moderate extent had 
been bequeathed to it. Being in that 
country, and finding that strangers 
were admitted, curiosity to observe 
the austerities of this far-famed order 
with my own eyes led me thither. I 
found the convent on a riding ground, 
in A rough and woody waste ; a sub> 
stantial slated edifice is replacing the 
old thatched buildings of the farm, in 
the midst of which rises a recently, 
erected church, with a Gothic tower, 
imparting a conventual character to 
the whole mass. I entered under a 
stone arch surmounted bv a cross, and 
knocked at a dnor on which the pil- 
grim's scallop, and the cypher of the 
cross and Roman M arc embossed. 
The door was opened by a bare-headed 
lay brother, clad in a brown robe, 
fastened by a leathern girdle, who 
directed me to the strangers' waiting- 
room, where I was shortly joined by 
one of the brothers of the choir, a 
young man of about 25, of a florid 
complexion, which abstinence had re- 
duced to the traiisparent white and red 
of a sickly female, and his eyes were 
feeble from night watching; his hair 
was clipped close, except a small circle 
round the centre of the skull j he waa 
clothed in the scapulary, a white dress 
with a long band of black down the 
back ; he afterwards appeared in tlia 
cowl, an ample loose robe of whit«, 
with a conical hood hanging on hi* 
shoulders. He letdily consented tQ 
my request to sec the cstahlishracnt» 
and to dine with the brothers in the 
refectory. To a question aa to hit 
country, he replied that he was not 
permitted to give any information per- 
sonal tu himself or nny of the monks, 
and that in the cloisters, chapel. dor> 
mitory, and refectory*, speech was for* 
bidden, as he would indicate to me \tf. 
placing his finger on his lips. Il« 
further informed me, that even if I 
four- ' - ' -^ - ' - - ' — - 

or 

thi. 

cvti ,,..... 

conducted mc through tbc eloiitcri 



I 



Wis,] 



A Visit i9 « Monastery of La Trtqipe. 



m 




tb« cbiprl, "whtr*. Aflcr prcicntiitg ine 
with boJy w««'-r >if f'liircd himself oq 
kuiklHnbci ir. The chapel 

U tpAt'iuas : ill lows at each 

tSi! lie, a 

p»<' ifier^ 

of &t. liefua/ti, in thi: tircss of (he 
kr. and cm oae side the altar, St. 
Archangel. Several of 
were oo their knees in 
stalls t^r thp choir ; one of them, 
wiU) his heai) reclined on his should* 
en. and his eyes halt' closed, appeared 
to be in a religioas ecstasy, reaem- 
btiOf the portraits of saints by the uld 
From thence my guide con- 
me to the library, where the 

r of books is but bmall ; there 
sects, but benches round the 
wills. We next ascended to the dor- 
Bitoty) this is a ton;: rooni, down 
r«c)i aide al which the cells are sepa- 
nttad tnm each other by wooden par- 
titkias ! over the tatrance of each, 
which is closed by a white linen cur- 
taia bwtrad of a door, is writtea the 
■MB* of it» inmate — Abbas or Nonnus 
I^Uus, Johannes. Placidus, hidore. 
Stanislans, &c.; their conch is a straw 
t fe^ inches thick npon 
St on this they lie in their 
ckithes. From thence we proceeded 
to the refrctory. where my conductor 
by aigo* appeared to direct that I was 
to be reeerved as a guest ; he then 
left m* in the garden, desiring me to 
aeeopjr Bmelf there, and in seeing the 
nlll, till tne hoar of dinner. I foand 
IBM of the lay brothers suprrintending 
tiM Btll, and another employed with 
a workman in sawing a beam. At 
SOOO the chapel bell toiled, and 1 pro- 
C0C>ded t' -tury, where I found 

audi m water in his handit 

6o'<< 1 ; k'd at the wall 

Wti-. e prayers were 

■hasiLcu m L>aiJ[i, niui then lay place 
painted out to me at the high 

•t which eat two persons, one 
oftfaaa a priest, these were " pos- 
talana*" ueraons residing in a distinct 
put of the batlding with the view of 
trytn^ whether they could habituate 
tflBOarivta to the mode of life. The 
frlfiM de chtKur arranged themselves 
«t two tables against the walls, the 
Mm* eottverts < lay brothers) at a cen< 
tral table paraUcl with the others, and 



at another facing tlie high table. The 
former were clad in white cowls, the 
latter in brown, apparently the natural 
colour of dark wool, and their heads 
were covered by their hoods. The 
number at tabic was about thirty. 
One of the brothers of the choir, sitting 
at a de8k, during the repast, read pas- 
sages from scripture in Liatin, and 
some extracts from the rules of the 
order in French, inculcating the ne- 
cessity of utter abstraction from the 
world, and the conduct to be adopted 
by the members towards each other. 
On the walls were inscribed sentences, 
pointing out the vanities of the world, 
the eicellence of abstinence, and the 
shortness of life : — such as, " Laboar 
not for the food which perisheth, but 
for that which endureth for ever" — 
" An austere life will be more conso- 
latory at the hour of death, than one 
passed in pleasure and delight," flee. 
Acts of penance were performed by 
three of the monks daring the time of 
dinner : two of them remained on their 
knees, with their arms covered by the 
cowl, stretched out to the full extent j 
the third, in a still more prostrate 
position, with his handoon the ground 
and his head touching or nearly touch- 
ing the floor. The person who con> 
ducted me to the convent, on one of 
hi? visits had seen a monk extended at 
full length, with his face on the floor, 
at the entry of the refectory, so that it 
was difficult to pass without treading 
on his prostrate body. The dinner 
consisted of soap made of bread, cab> 
bage, carrots, and other vegetables, a 
second dish of Hour and water, dark 
but sweet bread of wheatcn and rye 
flour, and at the high table a small jar 
of butter, and some cyder. Before 
each monk was placed his portion in 
an earthenware vessel, with a napkin 
and a wooden spoon. This is the sole 
repast in the twenty-four hours, ex- 
cept two or three ounces of bread iir 
tlic evening. At the ringing of a small 
bell an interruption of eating took 
place, and a pause of a minute or two ( 
when dinner was over, prayers were 
again said, the friars proceeded to the 
diapcl and commenced the chant, 
the ffircs du chceur in the stalls, the 
lay brothers kneeling in front.* I 
shortly joined my former conductor. 



. right heun of the day and night in prayer and ekanttng in \^c <^'^\^ 
art aOff^vrf fvr rest, tincf they retire in wintu M WXCDi Va 




■ 





A Visit to a Monaileri/ of La Trappe. 



I 



I 



the frere hfilelier, who showed me a 
part of the building in which are very 
neat apartments for the postulanis or 
novices, and for priests who may wish 
to ptsa some time in retirement, and 
an apartment better furnished for the 
bishop. I requested the further hos- 
pitality of the monastery for the night, 
and having been introduced to the 
superior, who appeared to me to be a 
man of talent, he waved the objection 
against me as a heretic, and conducted 
ne himself to my chamber, on the 
door of which was affixed a paper 
with words to the following effect : — 
" Those whom Divine Providence may 
conduct to this monastery are most 
humbly requested to take in good part 
the information which ia offered to 
thero on the following points. Per- 
petual silence isenjoined in the cloister. 
If a stranger requires any thing in the 
monastery, he should address himself 
to the steward (fr^re hotelier), be- 
cause the brothers, who are required 
to keep strict silence, are not per- 
mitted to give any answer to those 
who speak to them. Nothing is re- 
quired in return for the hospitality 
and simple fare, which is offered as a 
duty enjoined by the order." A little 
before two in the morning the bell toll- 
ed, and the same brother came with a 
lantern and conducted me to the chapel, 
placing me in a stall opposite to where 
stood the abbot with a crozier before 
him. There was no light, save one 
lamp fronting the chief altar. Af^er a 
chant of some duration, the monks 
fell on their knees, and remained in 
utter silence about a quarter of an hour; 
candles were then lighted, and the rest 
of the offices were chanted from tlie 
breviary, and concluded at four, when 
the monks retired, and re-assembled at 
seven : then the abbot, in the em- 
broidered robes of the priesthood, read 
the morning mass, some female pea- 
sants attending in a part of the chapel 
divided by a grating. A few years 
back a ceremony used to be performed 
which is now discontinued as not be- 
ing required by the rules ; it has been 
described to me as one of exceeding 
eolcmnity : as soon as the monks 
assembled at the night service, thry 
fell on their knees, and with their arms 




extended like a cross, in a low deep 
voice chanted the 50th P*alm — " Mi- 
serere mei Deus, secundum magnam 
misericordiam tuam." All who have 
been present at the performance of the 
Miserere in the Sixtine chapel, at 
Rome, during the holy week, agree in 
representing it as a most imposing 
ceremony. When the last candle is 
extinguished, and the choristers bur«t 
forth with voices attuned by long prac- 
tice to the most perfect harmony, the 
impression on the mind is most affect- 
ing; yet the solemnity is much dis- 
turbed by the struggling uf strangers 
for places, and by the presence of the 
Papal guard in their dramatic parti- 
coloured dresses, and I can well con- 
ceive that the chant of the Miserere ia 
a monastery ofTrappists must be far 
more imposing. Ail the concomitant 
circumstances are of tlie most gloomy 
character; the solemn hour, the glim- 
mering light, barely making darkness 
visible ; above all, the conviction that 
these are not hired chorisls affecting 
the harmony of sweet sounds, but 
men utterly abstracted from the world, 
who even deny themselves the use of 
speech, except in these supplications 
to their Maker — mistaken, as most will 
think them, but undoubtedly sincere ; 
all these circumstances tend to make 
this service, as an act of deep humili- 
ation and penitence, the most imprea- 
sive that the heart can experience. 

In answer to such inquiries as my 
conductor was permitted to entertain, 
and from information obtained in the 
immediate neighbourhood, I gathered*' 
that the number of member* of thi 
community is at present thirty-eight 
— that they ore supported by the pro 
duce of the farm and garden, — by 
dues paid in kind for grinding cora- 
their mills, — by sums put into th 
common fund by those persons of pro 
pcrty who join them, and by payments 
made for the mosses reul by those who 
are priests, and for their prayers, 
amounting probably to a conbiderable 
sum ; as by many zealous CathoUci 
they are considered in the light 
saints. When sick, the scrcrity of the 
discipline is relaxed, the ndxire of a 
physician is iformitltd, . ' " 'i an^ 
even meat allowed, if i y bin 



4 



no 



»( ciglit, «nd rise r>>r th« »ervicr »t two in the morning; thr rest of tlicir time w» 
divided between ri* ligioux miding in the Ubrary and labour in the fum aod gitrdci 
iud«cd thdr stlfuttalcd fnunn caa long cupblc them to lupport bodil/ «K«rtioo< 





A I'uif to a Montutery of La Trappe. 




» 




I 
I 



iDd drsired by the patient, probably on 

llip rinnntiir llirif hp is llic bcst judgO 
»i flic. At OtllLT 

t>rn , : h«a [TOssessed 

life mny be t«i(en as fno«1, Whca the 
boar o( death approaches, &ome ashes 
arc Bprcaul, covered with a little straw, 
and oil Uiis the body of the expir- 
iog taoflk is placed to await his last 
•fony. 

Thoogfa there are examples of sorae 
prrsoos who attain a very advanced 
we, yet in general the Uvea of the 
Trappists are shortened by the seve- 
rity of the discipline, the eifcct of 
which is strongly marked on their 
conotenances. In fact, they raay be 
said, in the language of BufTon, hardly 
to !ivr. but r.)t>ior to die each day by 
an (th ; and to expire, 

n<!' 1 live, but by comple- 

ting tiic act of death. 

Many romauitic incidents have roark- 
the early annals of La Trappe, and 
occunrnce of similar character, 
which happened a few years back, was 
related to me by a lady to whom it 
was communicated by the present su- 
perior of the monastery. The reve- 
Kod father nn doubt considered it a 
•plendid instance of the triumph of 
religion over all worldly feelings; 
many will contemplate it as the sacri- 
fice uf the most tender charities of 
lifr to the spirit of inexorable fanati- 
ciam. Tlicre was living at Caen a 
V 0, who had formed a mar- 

ri-^ irdon mutual affection ; both 

of ibcm were of serious tempcrBment, 
aarf in moments of mutual confidence 
the husband confessed to his wife that 
he bad formerly wished to enter the 
order of La Trappe, and the wife on 
her side laid that, though confiding in 
his love, and happy in her present 
•tate, she too had ntpired to a reli- 
gious life. On one occasion when 
the bosband repeated strongly his for- 
mer views, the wife replied that, as 
there was so powerful an impression 
On both their minds, it was essential 
to their salvation that the advice of 
r»Ugious persona should be taken. 
Amr confession, and consultation with 
•evtral priests, a separation was dc- 
lennincd on: the wife retired to a con- 
ytat of the ordrr of the Visitation at 
Caea> and * 'iid was conveyed 

to »l»e TO' f Trappists at 

firtquebec Iroiu that day they were 




utterly dead to each other, except that 
the superior on his visits to the con- 
vent at Caen, in passing the nun, 

whispered, "Brother is well ;"and 

on his return to his monastery, in like i 
manner, communicated to the monk, 

"Sister is well." The onlyanswer 

of each was. " Deo gratias." After 
six years' residence, the constitution of 
the young man gave way under the 
severity of the discipline ; and at the 
hour of death, no thought of his for- 
mer partner found utterance: his only 
expression Avas, " How happy I am to 
die a monk \" 

My visit to this monastery produced 
in me very painful sensations ; though 
the first impression, so different was all 
I saw from the transactions of life, 
was that of a scenic representation 
rather than actual truth. It requires 
a little time to realize to tlie mind the 
awful and chilling fact that this same 
unvarying scene is acted day by day. 
with no change in prospect but dealb. 
Surely when Providence has opened to 
us in the world an almost unbounded 
field of exertion for the benefit of man- 
kind, it is a strange perversion of the 
understanding to imagine it can be 
grateful to him to abandon those of 
his gifts which are granted to ub for 
utility, even if we think it for our spi- 
ritual good to renounce all the plea- 
sures he has vouchsafed to smooth our 
path in this life. Some will indig- 
nantly exclaim with Rausscau — " C'est ' 
reuonccr a sa qualite' d'homme, aux 
droits de I'humanitc, i ses devoirs." 
TTjis, however, would be too severe a 
sentence; an unjust one, indeed, on the 
modern Trappists, who have done good 
service to the state in reclaiming waste 
lands, and in introducing an improved 
system of agriculture among ignorant 
peasants, and who exercise an exten- 
sive and not indiscriminate charity in ^ 
their neighbourhood. Rather let us 
admire in the abstract the sublime I 
principle which leads man occasiooallf] 
to despise and trample on his mortal 
nature, in aspirations to the Unknowa] 
and Unseen ; and let us lament the 
wont of knowledge in the applica- 
tion of this principle, which, not ap- 
preciating the intimate union of ourj 
corporeal and spiritual natures, not on Ij 
shortens life, but frequently dea<lens1 
and debases the faculties of the %qm 
ia proportion to ihc ^to^UaXx^vx QiI xSuT 



'^^-"^-^---^-^ 



a Motuutery oj 



\ 



bodily powers, — a result which may 
be much apprehended from a totnl 
cessation of the faculty of speech.* 
In sucli a case, happy are they, who, 
from want of physical strength, fall 
early victims to the system. 

The extraordinary nature of the es- 
tablishment I had witncBscd. induced 
me to refer to a work which gives an 
account of the institution and progress 
of the order. Rotrou. 2ad Count of 
Perclie, during a voyage he made to 
£ngland in the year 1120, with his 
wife, and William Adeling, son of 
Henry the First, escaped from the 
shipwreck in which they perished, and 
ia consequence erected a church to 
tlic Virgin, according to a vow he had 
made in 1122, and endowed an abbey 
attached to it ; the site was a wild 
valley, called La Trappe, in the forest 
of Perche, near the town of Mortagne 
on the borders of Normandy. Many 
of the dependents of Kotrou and the 
nobles of the country made donations 
to the abbey, which received a charter 
from St. Louis, and the special pro- 
tection of the Popes by several bolls. 
The rules of the order were founded 
by St. Benedict and St. Bernard. The 
original charter is lost, but an ancient 
memorial of the abbey thus relates the 
foundation -. — " Dignum est memortie 
commendare, et litterarum roonumcn- 
tis consignare, quo modo raonaste. 
rium istud quod dicitar Domus Dei de 
Trapit, fundatum fuerit ; cum autem 
A. o. Mcxx Rotrodus quondam Comes 
Pcrtici transportaret in Angliaro, cum 
uxorc SU& Matthitde, Willelmo, Hen- 
rici regis Anglorum filio, et proce- 
ribus Anglix, navis qui vchebantur 
Mtorragium fecit: eed pred ictus Ro- 
trodus, in tanta positus anxietate, Deo 
promisit, si intcrcessione beatae Vir- 
ginia Marite prescns rvaderet perJcu- 
lum, ut ecclesiam in ipsius honnrem 
edificaret. tncolumis el in [latriom 
redux votum solvit anno mcxxii. et 
in tanti beneficii recordationcm, voluit 
quod ecctesia inversw navis formain 
rcferret," &c. 

From the fifteenth century till lfifi2, 
the abbey had ceased to be inhabited 
by a regular abbot, and had been held 



in comrocndaro : it had partaken of 
the general relaxation of monastic ee- 
lablishmcnts, and degenerated from 
its ancient austerity, when an event 
happened which effected a complete 
reform, and raised it to a degree of 
celebrity for severe discipline un- 
equalled in the Catholic world. Ar- 
mand Jean le Boateiller de Ranc^ was 
born in the year 1 026 of an ancient 
family, holding high situations in the 
magistracy; by favour of the court 
he obtained, at the early age of ten 
years, various ecclesiastical benefices 
producing a revenue of nearly 20,000 
livres, among which was the Abbcf 
of La Trappe, held by him aa hhht 
Commendatairc. He early distin- 
guished himself by his classical attain- 
ments, and in 1639 published an edi- 
tion of Aracreon with notes ; when 
he attained manhood, he was equally 
remarkable for his talents and his dis- 
sipation : his abilities raised him t9 
distinction in the church, and to the 
office of almoner to Gaston Duke of 
Orleans. He passed his time between 
the pleasures of the capital and the 
chace at liifi patrimonial estate, and 
he formed an attachment to the 
Duchess of Mont Bazon, one of the 
most distinguished women of the age 
for beauty and accomplishments. This 
connexion began during the life of her 
husband, was continued till her death, 
which took place somewhat suddenly 
from malignant fever, and was fol- 
lowed by circumstances which exposed 
t]ic lover to a trial, perhaps the most 
severe to which a man of ardent feel- 
ing was ever subjected. He was in 
the country, and bis servants fearing 
to make the painful communication to 
him, he arrived in Paris in ignorance of 
what had happened, went immediately 
to the hotel of the Duchess, and using 
the privilege of a favoured lover, pro- 
ceeded to her apartment: the first ob> 
jert which met his eyes woe a coffin 
containing the headless body of bit 
mistress I It would appear that the 
eofiin provided having proved too 
short, the hirelings employed had, 
with a bni can ill cooccivet 

severed tii in the body;«ad 



4 



4 



I 



>tberfaood would lubmit to statistiosl in<iain(«« tlivy night be aUa to 
:if«na«tiffi M to the lilcut ^stem aa4 the dietary n penltcatiarici m4 



i8sa.] 



A VbU to a Mmuttry tfLa Trappe. 



fte doth, whidi had been careleuly 
thrown over the former, having fallen 
off, discovered to him her features dis- 
figared by blood. This appalliog sight 
produced the effect 'which might be 
expected on the Abb^: he wiudrew 
from the world, and strove, by acts 
of penitence and prayer, to atone for 
the licentioosneas of his former life. 
The same ardonr which had distin- 
caished him in his career of worldly 
distinction and pleasure, became ap- 
parent in his reform ; he sold his es- 
tate, and gave the proceeds to the hos- 
pital of the Hdtel Dieu at Paris ; he 
resigned into the hands of the King 
all his preferments except the Abbey 
vS La Trappe, of which he became 
re^lar abbot by election, and by ap- 
phcation to the Pope obtained per- 
mission to bring back the monks to 
tiie strict observance of the Cistertian 
rules: he found the buildings in a 
state of dilapidation, and the number 
of inmates reduced to seven, leading 
most irregular lives ; he restored the 
buildings, and in a few years raised 
the number of monks to eighty, and 
so completely did they share their 
bread with the poor, that besides the 
daily distributions, the convent gave 
alms twice a week to from 1500 to 
2000 jpersons. Subsequently, the num- 
ber of brothers increased to 150, and 
it is said that, at one time, 6000 
strangers received food and lodging in 
the course of a year, attracted thither 
by the fame both of their sanctity and 
their hospitality.* La Ranc^ lived 
thirty-six years in the full observance 
of the austerities he had restored, and 
died on ashes and straw in the 74th 

irear of his age, a. d. 1700. The fol- 
owing passage from a petition, which 
be presented to Louis the Fourteenth, 
when he had met with opposition in 
his plans of reform, will snow the im- 
portance he attached to the sanctity 
of monachism, and may cause some 
surprise in a former courtier of the 
seventeenth century. 

" Sire, — ^During the time that monks 
and those who lived in solitude pre* 



89 



served the perfection of tiieir orders 
and the purity of their rules, they were 
considered as the visible and guardian 
angels of monarchies ; they have been 
seen to defend towns against nume- 
rous armies which attacked them : by 
the power which they obtained in thie 
sight of God, they supported the great- 
ness and prosperity of empires ; they 
have gained battles and victory which 
they had previously prophesied, and 
Christian emperors have had more 
confidence in their prayers than in 
their own valour and the power of 
their arms. It is well known that in 
Spain, at the end of the last century, 
a holy nun, living in solitude, knew 
in the spirit what passed in the me- 
morable day of Lepanto, and that, 
even during the time of the combat, 
she obtained, by her tears and inter- 
cession with Crod, advantage and suc- 
cess in favour of the Church." 

In the year 17S9, on the motion of 
M. Talleyrand de Perigord, Bishop of 
Autun, the National Assembly decreed 
the suppression of monasteries; an 
effort was made by the council-gene- 
ral of the department to preserve that 
of La Trappe (an indication, surely, in 
the then state of public opinion, that 
they were not considered useless mem- 
bers of society). Two commissioners 
were sent to examine, but on their 
report it was determined that the in- 
stitution was so anti -social in its cha- 
racter, that its preservation was in- 
consistent with the principles of li- 
berty and reason. The commissioners 
found ninety members, viz. fifty- 
three priests and thirty-seven lay bro- 
thers. They were separately exa- 
mined, and a large majority desired 
to continue their accustomed mode of 
life, having no thought but religion 
in their souls. Some were still in a 
high state of enthusiasm ; others sunk 
into quietude, which may probably b« 
translated — stupidity and deadened f^- 
culties; one was reduced to a total 
state of idiotcy, and another of in- 
sanity, said to be in consequence of 
the severe reproofs they had under- 



* It Is but justice to say, that tiie Trappists of Briquebec are not chargeable with 
these mistaken views of chio^ty. They are said to be judicious and discriminating 
in their almsginagi and to .encourage labour ia their poor neighbours rather than 
Idle paiqperism ; one of their modes of relief to them is grinding their com at a T«- 
duced price. 




Adviission of a Vicar, 1657- 



[JhI) 



r 



I 



gone; a third was confined in the 
prison for having attempted to escape. 
What a aatl picture does this present 
of the final result of self-devotion and 
enUiusiasm too highly pitched, for no 
complaints were made of compulsory 
introduction into the order. 

" When the time for their depar- 
ture arrived," to use their own words, 
"they left in profound grief the re- 
treat where they had been so long 
permitted to pray and to suffer ; they 
raised from the tomb the bones of De 
Kance, and found n refuge in La Val 
Sainte in the canton nf Friburg, in 
Switzerland ; a more profound valley 
than that they had left." From thence 
they were driven by Napoleon in 1812, 
when an asylum was offered them by 
Mr. (since Cardinal) Weld, at a farm 
in the woods of Lulworth, Dorsetshire. 
In 1817, they embarked at Weymouth 
on their return to France, where they 
took possession of the ancient Abbey 
of Meilleruy, in the department of La 
Loire Inf^rieure, about twenty leagues 
from Nantes. They brought from 
England the most improved agricul- 
tural implements, obtained a tlock of 
merinos, and the best breed of oxen, and 
introduced all modern improvements 
with such success, that it was pro- 
posed to consider their establishment 
as a ferme raodelc, and to send young 
men to it for instruction : this, how- 
ever, the government refused, from the 
fear that the pupils might imbibe no- 
tions injurious to their future pros- 
pects as citizens. After the Rcvolu- 
tion of 1830, they interfered in poli- 
tical matters during the revolt in La 
Vendue, and were dissolved. I re- 
member meeting one of them in a 
steamer on the Loire, in 1833, who in- 
formed me, onasked, who he was, and 
t}iat he was a native of Dorsetshire, 
and seemed to have no objection to 
osiug his newly recovered liberty of 
speech ; be was serving a church in 
Nantes. Another convent of Trap- 
pists exists near Amiens ; and to Judge 
from present appearances, that which 
I have described at Briqucbec seemx 
likely to become of cousiderabk' im- 
portance. 




Jdmiaaim of on Incumbent prtsnttcd to 
the Cvnmhiionfrt for the Approba- 
tion of Minuter* 1C57. 
KNOW^ all Men by these presents, 
Tliat the five and twentiolh day of 
Aprill in the year one thousand six 
hundred and fifty-scavcn, there was 
exhibited to the Commission" for ap- 
probation of publique preachers — A 
Presentation of James Howston Cleikc 
to the Vicarage of North Feriby in 
the County of Yorke, made to him by 
his Highnesse Oliver Lord Protector 
of the Com 'on Wealth of England, 
&c, the patron tliereof, under the great 
Scale of England. Together with o 
testimony in the behalfe of the said 
James Howston of his holy and good 
conversation. Upon perusall and due 
consideration of the premisses and 
finding him to be a person qualified 
as in and by the Ordinance for such 
approbation is required. The Com'is- 
Bion" above menc'oned have adjudged 
and approved the said James How- 
ston to be a fit person to preach tJie 
Gospell, and have granted him admis- 
sion and doc admitt the said James 
Howston to the Vicarage of North 
Feriby aforesaid, to be full and per- 
feet possessor and incumbent thereof, 
and doe hereby signifie to all persons 
concerned therein, that he is hereby 
intituled to the profitts and perqui- 
silts, and all rights and dues incident 
and belonging to the said Vicarage, 
as fully and effectually as if he had 
been instituted and inducted accord- 
ing to any such lawes and customes 
as have, in this case, formerly been 
made, had, or used in this Realme. 
In Witness whereof, they have caused 
the Com'on Seal to be hereunto affix- 
ed, and the same to be attested by tlie 
hand of the Register, by his Higlines 
in that behalfe appointed. Dated at 
Whitehall, the five and twentieth day 
of Aprill, one thousand six hundred 
fifty and seaven. 

CSiepirdJ Jo Nye, n>Jf^ 

The seal it St. George's Croi», in 
an ornamented shield, round whirli is cha 
initcription — " The Senlc for «) 
of I'uLlick Preachers." It i» noi li 

in Vcrtuf'g Edition of Simon'a ScaU , Iht 
Oiumeter — two inches ; no Reverse. 



4 



I 



1888-1 



41 



ECCLESIASTICAL CHANGES. 



THE following is an abstract of tbeim* 
portant parts of iJl the orders in Council 
ratifying schemes of the Ecclesiastical 
Commissiouers for England, which hare 
yet been gazetted. 

No. 1. Oxford and SaKtbury, dated 
Oet 5, 1836. — The whole county of 
Berks, and those parts of the county of 
Wilts which are insulated therein, form- 
ing together the archdeaconry of Berks, 
transferred from the diocese of Salisbury 
to that of Oxford ; and the right of ap. 
pointing the Archdeacon vested in the 
Bishop of Oxford. 

No. 2. Salitbury, Exeter, end Brutol, 
dated Oct. 5, 1836.— The whole county 
of Dorset (except the parish of Stock- 
land) and the parish of Holwell, in the 
county of Somerset, forming together the 
ardideaconry of Dorset, in the diocese of 
Bristol, and the parish of Thomecombe, 
in the diocese of Exeter aad county of 
Devon, hot insulated in the county of 
Dorset, transferred to the diocese of Sa. 
Uabory, said parish of Thomecombe in> 
dnded in the archdeaconry of Dorset and 
deanery of Bridport. The parish of 
Stocklaad, in the diocese of Bristol and 
b the county of Dorset, but insulated in 
Che county of Devon, transferred to the 
diocese of Exeter, and the right of ap- 
pointing the Archdeacon of Dorset vested 
in the Bishop of Salisbury. 

No. 3. GloHce$ter and Brutol, dated 
Oct. 5, 1836.— The wh<rfe diocese of 
Bristol, except the archdeaconry of Dor- 
set, united to the diocese of Gloucester. 
On the first avoidance of the see the war- 
rant for the election of a bishop to be 
issued to the chapter of Bristol, and af- 
terwards alternately to the chapter of 
Bristol and that of Gloucester. 

The deanery of the Forest in the dio- 
cese of Gloucester, but within the arch- 
deaconry of Hereford, transferred to the 
archdeaconry of Gloucester; and the 
deaneries of Bristol, Cirencester, Fair- 
ford,and Hawkesbury,in the archdeaconry 
of Gloucester, separated therefrom, and 
tMether with all parishes within the city 
ofBristol, which latter are to be included 
in the deanery of Bristol, constituted the 
new archdeaconry of Bristol. 

The site of the episcopal palace at 
Bristol to be sold, and the proceeds, toge- 
ther with the sum lately recovered as da- 
mages for injury done to the said palace, 
tiansferred to the Ecclesiastical Com- 
mmionent to be applied towards the pur- 
ehue or erection of a second episcopal 
lendeooe at or near Bristol. 

No. 4. AwufsMm af JtgwH, dated 
Oet. S^ IBM.— The eolfe^te ebarcb of 
ffMjfT. Mas. Vot. X. 



Ripon constituted a cathedral church, and 
the seat of a bishop, within the province 
of York. The dean and prebendaries 
styled dean and canons, and to be the 
dean and chapter. 

The town and borough of Ripon, and 
all such parts of the deaneries of the 
Ainsty and Pontefract, in the archdea- 
conry, county, and diocese of York as ad- 
join to the western boundaries of the li- 
berty of the Ainsty, and of the wapen- 
takes of Barkston Ash, Osgoldcross, and 
Staincross respectively, and all that part of 
the county of York which is in the arch- 
deaconry of Richmond and diocese of 
Chester, and the whole parish of Aldbo- 
rough, constituted the new diocese; to 
be divided into the archdeaconries of Rich- 
mond and Craven ; the former to consist 
of the deaneries of Richmond, Catterick, 
and Borougfabridge, and so much of the 
deanery of Kirby Lonsdale as is in the 
county of York; and the latter of the 
deaneries of Pontefract and Craven. 

No. 5. York, Durham, and Endow- 

ment cf Ripon, dated Dec. 22, 1836 

All places within the peculiar jurisdiction 
of Hexhamsbire, in the diocese of York, 
but locally situate in the county of Nor- 
thumberland and diocese of Durham, in- 
cluded in the latter diocese, and in the 
archdeaconry of Northumberland and 
deanery of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. The 
deanery of Craven, transferred from the 
diocese of York to that of Ripon. The 
parish of Craike, in the county of Dur- 
ham, but insulated in the county of York, 
included in the latter diocese and in the 
archdeaconry of Cleveland. Certain es- 
tates at Ripon belonging to the see of 
York, transferred to the see of Ripon. 
All the estates of the see of Durham 
situate in Howden and Howdenshire, 
Northallerton and Allertonshire, Borrow, 
by, Brompton, Romanby, Osraotherly, 
and Sowerby Grange, co. York, trans, 
ferred to the see of Ripon ; the Bishop 
of Ripon to be entitled to the rents and 
profits from the day of the death of Wil- 
fiam late Bishop of Durham (21st Feb. 
1836). The Bishop of Durham (for the 
purposes of the Act 6 and 7 William IV. 
c. 77, and so as to leave him an average 
annual income of 8000/.) to pay to the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners for Eng- 
land the fixed annual sum of J 1,200/. 

The average annual income of the 
Bishop of Ripon to be 4500/. and to that 
end the Commissioners to pay him and 
his successors, out of the same monies, 
the fixed annual sum of %KOl. Xxi^ % 
further annual sum of SOOl. vtnlvX «cv «^\»- 
copal house of resideivce »Y«lW\>« 'pxos\4»<l. 






42 ^^^^■~ Ecclesiastical Change*. ^^^^ [J"b'' 

The sdvoweon of tbe vicsn^e of Bir- /fon, dated June 21. 18^.— Augmcnu. 
stall, CO. York, tran(>rerred trom the Arcb- tion» of tKe following poor bfnefices, which 
bishop of York to the Bishop of Tli|)Ot>. the lute William BiNhnp of liurham bad 
The ftdvowsons of the rectoiy of Birkby, iigrecd to %ra.ni. but which he left un- 
thf vicora^ce of Osmothorly, the vicanine completed at the liin*" of bis death, viz. : 
and perpetual ciirucy of Leak and Nether Ksh, 1?5'. ; ^t. Hulcii's Aueklund, 82/. ; 
Siltofi, in the county of York, and of the Etherley, WVM ; Shildon, 225/. ; and 
rectory of Craike aforesaid, transferred Esconih, 120/ ; to commence from the 
from tbe Bishop of Durham to the Bifthop 21st Feb. lH3ti, Ihe day of the bishop's 
of Ripon. death. Certain Innds. which bad been 

No. 6. Lichfield and Worttster, dated 6,et apart for the purpose by the late 

D«c. 22, \KVi The archdeaconry of bishop, permanently annexed to the per. 

Coventry, in the county of Warwick and petual curacy of Etherley, in addition to 

dioreie of Lirblield and Coventry, trans- the above payment. 

ferred to the diocese of Worcester. The ^o. \0. Payment* f tern certain Largtr 

remaining part of the diocese nf Lichfield Sefi, dated June 21, 1837. 

and Coventry, named the diocese of Lich- The See of Canterbury to pay j£7.')00 

field, and ibe bishop thereof ttvled Bishop — York 1100 

ofLicbficld. ■ — London ,. .. 5000 

The right of appointing the Archdea- — Wiiicliesler . . 3G00 

con of Coventi7, and the advowsons of — Bath and Wells .. KKM) 

the rectory of St. Philip, and the \tvT- — Woriwsler ,. 2;100 

petual curacy of Christ Church, BirmutK- towards the auirmentation of the income* 
fwm, transferred to tbc Bishop of Wor- of the smaller bisihopric*. 
ce«ter. No. 11. LichfiM ttee Augmentation, 

No. 7. Lincoln, NoTwieh, and Ely, dated July 12, 1KT7 — In unle r to rarse 
dated April 19, 18^. — The archdeaconry the average annuul ituome of the Bishop 
and county of Dudford, and bo much of of Lichfield to 1M01., tbc fixed annual 
the archdeaconry of Huntingdon as is co- gum of SaO/. to be paid to him. 
extensive Willi the county of Huntingdon, No. 12 Chichrtter See Augmenlation, 

transferred from the diocese of Lincoln dated July 12, 1837. — In order to raise 
10 tbnt of Ely. The parish o1 Rirkiug- the Hveni^e annual income of the Bi«bop 
ball Inferior, in the deancrj- of Bliick- of Chichester to 42tX)/. the tixed »nnuiil 
bum, the deanery of HartisniiTe, and that sum of tioO/. to be paid to him 
of Stow, translerred trom the archdea- No. l.H, S'almbvry, Ghttcenter a%d\ 

eonry of Sudbury, to that of Suffolk, in Brittol, Bath and Weth, and Warcnter, 1 
the dioccsu of Norwich, and tbe remain- dated July 19, IB37. — Tbc deaneries ofl 
der of tbe nrchdeiiconry of Sudbury traiks- Cricklude and Malmesbnry, in the countjri 
ferred to the diocese of Ely. mid nrchdeaoonry of Wilt* and dioeese ofl 

Tbc deanery of Camps, in the diocese Salisbury, transferred to the dioecne ofl 
and archdcuconry of Ely, included in the Gloucester and Brit^tol and the archdea. 
■aid urchdearoiuy of Sudbury. conry of Bri»tol. Tbe deanery of i'ot. 

The right of appointing the archdeacons tern, transferred from the archdeaconrH 
of Bedford, Huntingdon, and Sudbury of Salisbury to that ol WelU. Thu pariMaj 
ve«ted in tbe Bii^Lop of Ely. of Shenington, in the county and arch- 

Tbe Bishop of Ely (»o u« to leave tilm deaconry of Gloucester, and ditH'ose o( 
an aveiui^e annual income of 5500/.) to Gloucester and Bristol, but lornlly <itnnt 
pay to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners between tbe counties of Warwick and 
the fixed annuul sum of 2500/. Oxford, and in tbe deanery of (.iamp 

No. 8. Welch Ijanr/uage, dated May den, transferred to tbc diocese 
10, 1837. — Approval of a epecial report archdeaconry of Worecsfcr and deancr 
of tbe Commissioners, to abstain for the of Kineton. The parish of Iceouib. ii 
present from — ■•mi: nny scheme for tl'i' ■ " ' ' ■ ■ 

carryinn inc. provisionii of sec- A\ i f| 

tion II. ot I J iind 7 Will. IV. GI. . ^ -^ 

c. 77, for preventing the appointment of arclidcHConry ul U I 

any clcTnyman not fully eonvcrsmit wiih erv of Stowc. J i 

tbe Welch languocp to any b i ^ter, in the duK-en' t>l liuih «iiti Wrt 

cure of (ouU in Wales, in ui nnd In iLe Hrrhdrnronrv of Hath 



anmisaioner* are to keep %tt 
No. 'J, Durham Benrjten Augmtnla. 



I '.If arrfade 
No. li. IahcuIh, lMJ»r*lt and ifiovcrt- 



1833.] 



EccUalattlcal Changes. 



43 



ttr md Brittol, dated July 19, 1837.— 
The parish of W'lifori, in the diocese 
of Gloucester and Bristol and archdeacon- 
ry of Gloucester, but insulated in the 
eounty of Oxford, transferred to the dio- 
cese and archdeaconry of Oxford and 
deanery of Witney. The archdeaconry 
of Berks haTing been annexed to the dio- 
cese of Oxford, with the consent of the 
Bishop of Oxford (vide No. 1. aniea), 
the fixed annual sum of 750/., to be paid 
to him bv the Commissioners, during 
his incumbency of the See of Oxford. 
With the consent of the Bishop of Lin- 
coln, already signified, and upon the first 
avoidance of the See of Oxford, or before 
such avoidance, with the consent of the 
Bishop of Oxford, the county and an-h. 
deaconry of Buckingham, in the diocese 
of Lincoln, to be transferred to the dio- 
cese of Oxford. On the next avoidance 
of the See of Oxford, in order to raise 
the average annual income of the bishop 
thereof to 5000/. the fixed annual sum 
of 3500/. to be paid to him. After 
the archdeaconry of Buckingham shall 
have become part of the diocese of 
Oxford, the right of appointing the arch- 
deacon to be vested in the Bishop of 
Oxford. 

No. Id. Dmrkem Cattle, dated July 18, 
1837. — The Bishop of Durham to hold 
the castle of Durham in trust for the Uni- 
versity of Durham, subject to such right 
of access as the clergy of the diocese then 
had to Bishop Cosin's library within the 
precincts, and to all right of way to which 
the same premises had been theretofore 
Imlly subject — to the right of all such 
officers of the see or diocese or of the pala- 
tinate as had performed for thirty years 
then last past and still perform the duties 
of their respective offices in any building 
within the precincts, and to the enjoyment, 
by the bedesmen of the cathedral, of the 
almshouses wherein they reside, until the 
warden, masters, and scholars, shall have 
provided, to the satisfaction of the bishop, 
sufficient buildings elsewhere ; and as to 
the offices of the palatinate, so long as any 
of those duties remain to be performed by 
officers who held their offices at the time 
of passing the act for separating the pala- 
tine jurisdiction from the bishopric of 
Durham. Certain apartments described, 
with coacb-house and stables, to be re^ 
served for the accommodation of the 
Bishop of Durham, as visitor of the 
University; and to be at all times ready 
for his use, on three da^' notice of his 
wish to occupy them. The warden, mas- 



ters, and scholars, to maintain and reiMir 
all parts within the precincts, and to in* 
demnify the bishop and his successors 
against repairs and dilapidations. 

No. 16. Hertford Hee Augmentation, 
dated Aug. 21, 1837 — In order to raise 
the average annual income of the Bishop 
of Hereford to 4200/., the fixed annual 
sum of 1400/. to be paid to him. 

No. 17. York, Uneoln, and Peter- 
borough, and Augmentation of the latter 
See, dated Aug. 21, 1837.— With the 
consent of the Bishop of Lincoln, already 
signified, and upon the next avoidance of 
the see of Peterborough, the county and 
archdeaconry of Leicester, in the diocesa 
of Lincoln, to be transferred therefrom to 
the diocese of Peterborough. And after 
such avoidance, in order to raise the ave- 
rage annual income of the see of Peter- 
borough to 4500/., the fixed annual sum of 
1 150/. to be paid to him. Al the time of 
such avoidance, with the consent of the 
Archbishops of Canterbury and York and 
the Bishop of Lincoln, already signified, 
the county and archdeaconry of Notting- 
ham, in the province and diocese of York, 
to be transferred to the province of Can- 
terbury and diocese of Lincoln, and the 
right of appointing the Archdeacon of 
Nottingham to be vested in the Bishop of 
Lincoln. 

No. 18. Carliele and Chetter Sees Aug- 
mentation, dated Aug. 21, 1837. — In 
order to raise the average annual income 
of the Bishops of Carlisle and Chester to 
4500/. each, the fixed annual sum of 
2000/. to be paid to the Bishop of Car- 
lisle, and 1450/. to the Bishop of Chester. 

No. 19, Palace for the See of Ripon, 
dated Dec. 11, 1837.— Lands containing 
109 acres, of the annual value of 80/., 
part of Bramley Grange Farm, held by 
Miss Lawrence of Studley Royal, under 
the Archbishop of York, transferred to 
the Bishop of Kipon, as a site for an 
episcopal house and demesne. The sum 
of 1111/. 5«. 6</. granted for the purchase 
of Miss Lawrence's lease. 

No. 20. Lincoln See Augmentation, 

dated April 3, 1838 In order to raise 

the average annual income of the Bishop 
of Lincoln to 5000/., the fixed annual sum 
of 1250/. to be paid to him. The epis- 
copal house at Buckden, which is not 
now within the limits of the diocese, to 
be partly pulled down, and the materials 
sold; and a fixed annual sum of 500/. to 
be paid to procure a temporary residence 
within such limits. 



44 



ON A TRUMPET FOR DEAFNESS. 

Ritamrumded by Mr. Soulhty, %pho $aid " Voti u-ill aijain htat tht birdt timf, 
the btei hum, and the watvrtJIinrJ" 

FAiTHroL interpreter of j.oun«ls — to me 
How faitliful ! for I hear, indeed, the birds 
Sing, and tlie low of home-returning herds 
Once more, and murmurs of the morning bee 
Id summer lanes ; but ah '■ too faithful, spare. 

Nor let me hear that song, — those chords that brittff 
Back the loved music of life's picaaant spring, — 
Lest, rapt in tenderness by the Eweet air 
That charm '<i my youtii. of my gretit MASTza'a Hbst 
I be forgetful or repining, now 
Age's cold baud has character'd my brow ; — 
\NTio calmly waits, shall serve that Master best. 
Forgiven, if one soug of old he hears. 
That swells his heart and fills his ej'es with tears. 
Bremhill, IH.IH. 



Ox TIIS PnXSUMKD tNTBKCOUaSE OP DVCKS AND T0*0«. 



AN ingenious and friendly reader 
of our Magazine 1ms sent us the fol- 
lowing very curious renmrks on a cir- 
cumstance mentioned by us in our 
review of Mr. Bucke's work un "The 
Beauties and Sublimities of Nature,'' 
(Feb. p. 55), of the presumed hyme- 
neal union of the toad and the duck. 
It is more authentic than anything we 
liave before read on the bubjcct ; and 
i^ worthy of preservation. 

" I remember a farmer bringing from 
his residence of Thomas I,ane, in the bo- 
rongb of NVdkefield, to Mr. Itenlianit, 
druggist of Waketielil, a dend toad with 
part of a duck shell adhering to its bai.'k, 
and so hatched by one of biM diickg, as 
he averred ; Ilenhardt kept I he tend 
many yeoi-s in spirits in bi» window. I 
once «rt a lii-n on thirteen ducks* egifs. 
When the Knie nf ini'ubittion Imd cs- 

pireit, inys<'lf ■■•• ' ' ■ -■ ' ' •' 

nest. Our 

nhell siiil n _' 

it. The neikt iu(>rnui§r ■■■oiiiirr I' 

8h<*11. t»nd Bn'>tl»<'T dr«i1 fotirf ; boiii 

%■ -..1. 1 



IHJSI 

tticm 



I 



contained the rii 
or duck, nor j"' 
blaekinb matter nmnnliliujj 
I «L11 Bot svcr that the two 



by the broken *hcUi, and erideatly broitt 
by the hen, were batcbeil lu tfaeoe «he1lA*l 
though the contents of the eleven which 1 
I broke seemed to •ivi}iporl that opiiiion. 
My theory is, that the toad hns no inter^ 
course with the duck ; the idea is ridicu- 
lous, but, as the drake earrirs on his flir-l 
tstion in the water, whirh mny. at th»| 
time, contain a great ijuantily of toaili 
vpawn, some of that spawn may find ad>l 
mittance in utero anatis. If rny recoUf 
l,.,-.:.s.. ,.._.... . .,...,.11 .-..nlje found ill aj 

dii the Newspaj 

Olli I Leeds." 



With regard b> what the same cor- 
respondent say on the 'rook,' ifh« 
does not believe u<, let him order sorol 
rooks to be shot, and look into the' 
crops. ThiM will be much more rea- 
sonable tiiaii continuing this appa- 
rently endless nig,uiii>>nt ; if he ttndl 
■ •' r~ but grubs — why then, 

■fJITl's." 



JO tiic ikcsire w- 

ariHl'"iij;l(.< iinil C' ; 



RcTBo*PBCTivs Rbtisw. 45 

Rceived their names ; and then the maid) ? But why Is not the memum 

ersatures of the watery element took seen as often as the mermaid f — simply 

similar ones, whenever a fancied re- because, that those who believe they 

semblance would appear to warrant see them, are males, — the sailors and 

the application. Thus we have a sea- fishermen. Were those who live on"the 

lioD,asea-horse,a sea-cow, a sea-calf, a great sea," women instead of men, 

seadog- fish, a sea-hog (porpoise), a sea- we should hear far less of mermaidt, 

unicorn, a sea-otter ; and many more and more of mermen ; the sexual feel- 

which we do not recollect off-hand : — ing affecting even this question. Our 

whatwonder we should have a sea- man correspondent, whom we thank, is 

and a sea- woman (a merman andmer- T. T. L. L. of West Yorkshire. 



RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW. 



OU Fimeh Literature. — Mytteriee qf St. Genevihe — Romaneei of Robert th» 
Devil, and King Flore, tfc.* 

WE have been hindered during several months from continuing our notices 
of the various foreign publications on Middle Age literature, by a press of other 
matter, and in the mean time they have been collecting on our table until they 
are become rather numerous. On the whole, in France the publication of 
early French and Anglo-Norman poetry has not been so brisk as it was some 
months ago ; but we are happy to say that there are several important works 
now nearly ready, among which may be enumerated the Romance of Witi- 
chind. or the Conquest of the Saxons by Charlemagne, edited by M. Fran- 
cisque Michel, and the works of the trouvdre Rutebeuf, as well as a new Col- 
lection of FabUaox (supplementary to the volumes by Barbazan and M^on), both 
by M. Jobinal. We have the two first volumes of the Chronicle of Benott, by 
Michel ; the Brut of Wace, by Le Roux de Lincy ; and two volumes of Paulin 
Paris's useful Catalogue ctf the French MSS. of the Bibliotbique du Roi ; to 
each of which works we intend successively to devote a separate article. 

The Collection of Mysteries edited by M. Jubinal from the MS. of the 11- 
bnry of St. Genevieve, is a very important addition to our materials for the 
early history of the sti^e. On a former occasion we noticed at some length 
the first volume of this work, whose contents came more properly under the 
title of Miracle Plays : the present volume contains four rather long mysteries 
founded on subjects taken from the New Testament, viz. — The Nativity of 
Christ — The Play of the Three Kings — ^The Passion of our Lord — and Hie 
Resurrection of our Lord. In their general style these dramas, which are 
printed from a MS. of the 15th century', are similar to the ordinary run 
of our English Mysteries, and they are not embellished with any episodi- 
cal scenes. The clownish conversation of the shepherds in the play of the 
Nativity, the swaggering of Herod and his soldiers, with the wrangling be- 
tween the former and the women whose infants they come to kill, in that of 

* Mystires in^ts dn Qninzi^me Si^cle, public pour la premiere fois, par Achille 
Jnbinal, d'apr^ le MS. uniipie de la Bibliothdque Ste. Genevieve. Tom. 2, 8vo. 
Ptria, Techener, 1837. 

Le Roman de Robert le Diable, en Vers, da xiii' Sitele, public pour la premiere 
fois . . . par 6. S. Trebatien. Paris, Silvestre, 4to. 1837. 

Le Roman dn Roi Flore et de la belle Jeanne, public pour la premi^ fois . . . 
par Frandaqne Michel. Paris, Techener, 13mo. 1838. 

Lettre an Directeor de I'Artiste, toachant le MS. de la Bibliothdque de Berne, 
Mo. 354, perdu pendant vingt-hmt ans, snivie de qoelques pieces inedites da 13' 
ritele rdativea ii divers m^ers dn moyen Age tir^ de ce manuscrit, public par 
Adiflk JnbinaL Paris, 8to. 1838. 

All tlwae publications ma/ be lud in London of Mr. Pickering. 



! Three King?, the bullying behaviour of the soldiers in the play of the 
sion. with their cowardice at the tomb which they ore put to guard, are 
a relief to the otherwise serious character of the dialogue. 

The play of the Nativity, aa well as that of the Resurrection, commencet 
with the Creation. The Creator is introduced reflecting on his works, and in 
conclusion resolves to make man, in order to occupy the Paradise which Lu- 
cifer, by his pride, had forfeited— 



•' Pour reoovrer de Paradi* 
IjCS sii^-g<es dont jay jadis* 
Luoifer, par son grant orgueil." 



' To recoTcr of Paradise 
The Beat4 from which fell formerly 
Lucifer, by his great pride." 



I 



I 



The process of creating Adam and Eve is managed in a very ingeniotu 
manner, and is a curious specimen of old stage machinery. While the Creator 
is making the introductory speech, Adam and Eve are lying down on the 
stage, each of them covered with a blanket. After the speech is ended. " God 
takes some mud and pretends to make Adnm " (Cy prcingne Dieu du limon 
et face semblaut de faire Adam), who thereupon jumps up from under his 
blanket, and praises his Maker. Soon Adam becomes sleepy, and goes to lay 
himself down by the side of Eve's blanket; God approaches him, takes him 
by the ribs, and Eve rises from under her covering behind him. 

Eve, from the moment God leaves her with her husband, begins to wish to 
eat of the forbidden apple tree, and to wonder why it is forbidden. A devil, 
called Betgihus, appears beside the tree and tempts her. She eats of the 
fruit, and, after some conversation, persuades Adam to do the same. TTie 
apple sticks in Adam'i throat (a circumstance from which is derived a popular 
name for the protuberance of the throat, Adam's apple, pomme d'AdamJ, and 
he cries out — 



Ha hay ! je suy mat Avoiez : 
C« morcel ne puis nvoler. 
Las doolercux ! qu'il est amerl 
Eb la gorge la cnort me tient. 
HdUii ! trop a t*rt me soavient 
De la parole que me dist 
Nostre Seigneur quant il [ me J 
fist," Sec. 



" Oh me I T nm in a scrape : 
Thi» tnorBcl 1 cwnnot «wallow. 
Wretch that I am ! how bitter it is! 
It sticks in my tbrost, and will ht 

the death of me. 
Alas I 1 betliiak nie too lute 
Of the speech which made to roe 
Oar Lord, when he created me," Sec. 



Then God comes forward, and causes Adam and Eve to be turned out of 
Paradise. Adam asks what they are to du, to keep themselves — 



'* Orprcni h ii. mains une besche 
Et la terra foiii* et beseUe, 
Bt tc veste de robe de honte. 
Ton p6chie tout autre surmonte : 
Ta peoi oases gdmir et plourer. 

Adam. 

Eo terre me fanlt labourer 
Sam plas ateadre. 

cy prttgne une betche et Mourr. 

Eve. 

II me convient aussy entendre 
Sans delay k faire beaotf ne, 



" Tfike n spade in your two hands, 
Aud turn up and dig the earth, 
And go drcas yourjctf, for aha 
Thy gin surmount* all others : 
Thou mayest groan and lam 
enough. 

Adam. 

In the earth T must labonr 

Without any more ado. 

Here let fiim take a $pad* and dig, 

Eva. 

I also must learn 

Withoat delay to do aoroe bnainMa, 



* Ml Jubinal prints this line thus : — 

" Lea si'ijjes dont j'ay { jetf) jadia," 
«uppo«ing the word JHJ \a have bfcn overlooked by the scribe. The addition nf 

^f,r-> !■ ■•" • - -I I' ...■•>- ''•-■ -'I.-,, "t the liiif, and we »mlurti to sugirr*! ihst the 

"" idy a rariatlon of rA«», fell. The »enfenc« * 



1838.3 



Romance of Robert the Devil. 



47 



Et filler tantost ma qneloigne 
Pbnr faire Arvpa et cnTechiex, 
Nappes, tonailles, et omiliez. 
Faire le fault quant le convient, 
Car tel ovraige m'apartient." 



And to spin immediately my distaff, 
To make cloths and kerchiefs, 
Napkins, towels, and pillows. 
I most do it, since it mnst be so, 
For such work belongs to me." 



And so "Adam delves, and Eve spins."* There were inoumerable legends 
abroad, in the Middle Ages, concerning the holy cross, one of which appears 
in this Mystery. Time has passed on, and Adam, in his advanced age, is 
dying. He sends his son Seph (Cep) to Paradise, to pray to God for him. 
God orders Raphael to give him a branch of the apple-tree. 



" Qr V9U Rapkatl h dtp, et /y bailie 
la branehe, et die : 

Cep, beans amis, entens h. moy : 
Dien le pdre m'envoie ii toy, 
Et par moy t'envoie ce raio,^ 
Qpa est dn pommier, pour certain, 
Dont ton pire menga la pomme. 
Va- t-an de cy, congi^ te donne, 
Et quant ton p^re sera mors, 
Dedans sa fosse, suz son corps, 
Le planteras, Dieu te conunande ; 
A present plus ne li demande. 
Car de Iny plus n'enporteras." 



" Here let Raphael come to Seph, and 
give him the branch, andtay : 

Seph, my good friend, listen to me : 
God the father sends me to thee. 
And by me sends tbee this branch. 
Which is of the apple-tree, for certain, 
Of which thy father eat the apple. 
Go away from hence, I give thee thy 

leave. 
And when thy father shall be dead, 
Within his grave, over his body, 
Plant it, God commands thee ; 
At present ask nothing more of him, 
For you will get nothing more from 

him." 



Seph plants the branch, as he is ordered, and in course of ages out of it 
grew the tree which furnished the wood to make the cross on which Christ 
was crucified. 

Before we leave Jubinal's book, we will observe that it contains an interesting 
preface and notes, in the latter of which he has printed the Songe d'Enfer of 
Raonl de Hondatng, and another ancient poem entitled A dispute between the 
SjfJtagogue and the Church. 

The curious old Romance of Robert the Devil (a name which has been 
rendered so famous by the opera of Meyerbeer) is printed very elegantly in 
quarto, double columns, with the beautiful fac- simile of the old gothic type 
which was cast at the expense of the Prince d'Essling. To produce a still 
more close resemblance to the ancient MS. the ten illuminations which adorned 
it have been re-produced in so many wood-cuts which are given in their 
several places in the poeoi. it is altogether a very beautiful book. The Eng- 
lish reader has become well acquainted with the legend of Robert the Devil by 
the re-print of the Old English prose translation in the three volumes of Early 
English Prose Romances by Mr. Thorns. M. Tr^butien has prefaced his edition 
of the French Metrical Romance, which is of the thirteenth century, by a long 
and curious introduction, in which he examines the historical allusions which 
it is supposed to contain, collects the popular traditions concerning it, and gives 
a list of the different forms in which the romance has, from time to time, 
appeared. 

The name of Robert the Devil is still preserved in traditions and names of 
places in different parts of Normandy. One of the towers of the Tower of 
London, now called Devereux's Tower, was, in the reign of Henry VIII. known 
by the name of Robin the Devyll't Tower. We think that M. Tr^butien has 
misunderstood the words of Britton and Brayley, who confess themselves 
ignorant of the origin of this name. They could scarcely be ignorant of the 
legend of Robert the Devil, but they might be uncertain why his name came 



* See the proverb illustrated both by a picture and a song, in our Review of 
Wfigfat's Early English Poetry, Gent. Mag. May, 1837, p. 518. 
t Rain, a iran«i, from the Latin Ramms. 



48 



Retro8pectivk Rkview. 



[July, 



I 



to be given to the tower, a difficulty which the present editor of the romanc 
has not cleared up by saying it it derived from the narae of his hero. The reoH 
solution probably m, that in the reign of Henry VIII. some room in this tower' 
was fitted up with tapcslry representing this curious legend. 

The beautiful little prose romance of Kiny Flore and the fair Joan, 
edited by M. Franeisque Michel, is written with much noire// in a very rustic 
dialect. Its plot resembles that of the Roman de la f'ioletle, which wi 
noticed in Januury. 18:i5. The father of Joan was a knight who lived 
the borders of Flandrrs and Hainault. He married her to his favourite esqaicc 
whom he knighted on the occasion, and gave with her a rich dowry. TIw 
squier, whose name was Robin, proceeded to fulfil a vow which he had iiiad( 
to go in pilgrimage to St. James of Composteilo before he consummated hi| 
marriage ; and one of the knights at the court of his father in-law made him 
wager that before his return he would obtain the favours of bis wife. The falsf 
knight bribed the old woman who attended on the lady, but no persuasioul 
could prevail, and news had already come that Rubin was on his way baclc| 
when the knight, fearful of losing his wager, was secretly introduced by tlv 
old woman into the house when Joan was naked in a bath. He seized upoq 
her, and, while carrying her to the bed with the purpose of obtaining what sh4 
denied by force, he observed a mole on her thigh. Unable to efl'ect his pur- 
pose, he retired with disgrace ; but by describing to her husband the molc 
which he had seen, he persuaded the latter that the wager was gained. RobinJ 
in disgust, leaves his wife and home, and goes secretly to Paris. The faithfu 
Joan follows him, and in disguise lives long with him as his page ; till they returnj 
Robin challenges and defeats the false knight, recovers his wife, and lives^ 
happily with her to his death ; after which, as a reward for her many virtues, 
she is married to the rich King Flore. This little volume is a beautiful ai!di> 
tion to the various forms in which appeared this popular story, until at last M 
was embodied in the Cymbctine of Shakspeare, and therefore it is one of ihosfll 
books which should be in every Shakspcare collection. 

The last book which we shall notice at present, is a tract by Jubinal relating 
to a valuable MS. of Romances and Fabliaux which had been long missini 
from the library at Berne, but whidi has been recently discovered at Paris, u\i 
finally restored to its ancient repository. The first part of this tract isareprinl 
of a letter to a periodical, giving the history of the MS., with the circumstance 
connected with its discovery and restoration. This is followed by five poemi 
on the different trades of the Middle Ages, taken from the Berne MS. Thi 
several trades that are celebrated in these poems, which are curious illustrao 
tions of the manners and costume of the thirteenth century, are the Chaugers,^ 
the Shoemakers, theClothicrsi, the Butchers, and the Rope-makers. Aneitrae 
from the second of these ])oems, will shew us how great a point it was wit 
the gallants of those days to be bien chaiut^a. 



Ne chevancber ne porroit 
Nus prodlom s'il axa piez estoit, 
Qui de plufor nc fust g-abt^ 
Ainz qu'il fust gaires loin al^ ; 
Que j*«i v^u, si com moi sanble, 
Qant oele gent sient ensanblo, 
Que aucuns passe par In voie 
J^ n'i aura nui qui lo voic. 
Qui ne I'esgart devers Ips piez 
Se il e*t bien on mal cbauci^. 
For ce di-je, selon nion san. 
Qoe niinaz vaiidroit, «i con je pans, 
Avoir nn ]m> mnm'r vcsti'arc 



Neither could a respectable person 

Ride out if lie were bare-foot. 

But he would be mocked bj everybody 

Before he bad gone far. 

For I have seen, as it seeini to me, 

When tbfise peopl<» sit toijptlier, 

If any one jiass !■. 

Tbt*r^ is not oni: > o see hi 

V '■ ■ .'■-■ i not look ..,v. , liii feet, 

I 'iHJ or bud shurS. 

' ' ! si\v. in mv ■'pitiKni 

Tiiiil it will. 
To 111? « bf 



Et 
Car 

Que I nil 
' Qui bieri > 

The last wuwk 



lire : ', - 

pcHt, ! 

rfuprit : "t Mill I- Mju 

■ , n>»t pas noa-' " 'Howboli 
M. Jubinal's tract is a table of 
MS., frith the two first Jinrs of each pirce. 




I cat and small, 

- - ;- — rt!». 



49 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



I 

I 



Kiwain* of /Ac iaif Itn\ Riehard Hnr- 
rrti Fronde, A, At, '2 vob. 

WE hmro been inorr than usually 
tnterrstrd in lh«se volumes, nnd very 
grateful to the editor for having in so 
jadicioQS nnd affectionate a manner 
pcrfonncc} his act of duty to his friend's 
mmiar)', and p;iven us so true and 
Irirely a |.iicture of his profound pipty, 
his lirillinnt talents^ nnd his accurnte 
fend varied knowledge. The author of 
t)tc volumes was the eldest son of the 
iJie Vewrable R. 11. Froudc, Arch- 
OvwoD of Totnes, and was Iwm and 
died in the parsonage house of IJart- 
ington. Devon. Hewaa born in 1803; 
ira« at Otley free school, in the family 
of ibc Itcv. George Coleridge ; went 
b> Eton in 181 G; resided at Oriel as 
• eommoner in 1821 ; took a high 
dcfire of Bachelor of Arts in 1S24 ; 
wu elected Fellow of hia college in 
infij in 1S27 took his M.A. degree; 
Uw Mme year he held the office of 
tutor till lS30j and he was ordained 
in I8?8. The disorder which termi- 
nated bis life showed itaelf in 1831. 
He therefore pnssed the winter of 1832 
in Italy, and the shores of the Medi- 
termnean ; and the two next winters 
in the West (ndies. He dicdofcon- 
saniption on the 28th Feb. 1836, when 
he was nearly thirty-three years old. 
The two pre«CDt volumes are formed 
from |>a|KTS. left behind by the author, 
hut never prepared for publication. 
Tlie editor ju.«tly remarks, that if an 
•polog)' 13 requisite for the magnitude 
of the ndlection, it will be found in 
the truth and extreme importance of 
the views to the development of which 
the whole is meant to be subservient ; 
artd also in the instruction dcrivalilc 
from a full iihibitioo of the author's 
character us a witness to those views. 
The editor, after hnviog eii)rcssed the 
nalural reluctance which all persons of 
dtt ^'. f<>el in having the fami- 

liii and habits of those wiUi 

i^i '; t:(l unreservedly 

ri iilic eye, makes 

a I .. I..- .niitgutanty of the 

ri> ^ toJuMlfy it. He says, 

'- uet mm lujipote n perron in the 
GMtrr. Map. Voi, X, 



prime of manlinod, devoting himself 
ardently and !>ol»erly to the jjiUMdliou of 
the line t/reat catue, writiiii;, tliiiiking, 
iipeakin;; of it for years, as excbiiiivcly sa 
the needs and infirmities of humsii life 
Would allow ; but dying before Le could 
bring to |>erfection nny of the plans which 
hud suggested themselves to liim for its 
advancement. Let it be certainly known 
to his friends that he was firmly rrtscdved 
never to shrink from any thing not mo> 
rally wrong which he had good gronnds 
to believe would rrnlly forward that cause ; 
and thot it wa« re.il )>ain and distjuiet to 
him if he sow his friends in ony woy post- 
poning it to his supposed feelings and in- 
terests. Suppose furtlier, that having been 
for weeks and months in the full consci- 
ousness of what was soon likely to befall 
him, he departs leaving such pnjiers as 
make up the present collection in the 
hands of those next to him in blood, with- 
out any express direction as to the dis- 
posal of them ; and that they, taking 
counsel with the friends on whom he was 
known chiefly to rely, unanimously and 
decidedly judged publication most desir- 
able for that end, which was the g<iide of 
his Ufe, and which they too esteemed 
paramount to all others. Imagine the 
papers appearing to them so volanble, 
that they feel as if they lisil no right to 
withhold such aid from the cause to which 
he was pledged ; would it, or would it not 
be their duty, as faithful trustees, in such 
CISC to overcome their own scruples ? 
The case of a person sacrificing him.Hclf 
altogether to one great object, is not of 
every day occurrence. It is not like the 
too frequent instances of papers being 
rnnsaeked and brought to liffht, because 
tlie writer was a little more distinguished 
or accounted a httle wiser and better than 
his neighbours. It cannot be fairly drawn 
into a precedent, except in circumstances 
ecjually uncommon." 

It was impossible that the editor 
could puss over unnoticed the probable 
expression of a feeling, that many of 
thu sentiments and expresBions encou- 
raged a dangerous tendency to Ro- 
manism ; and he has succesafully met 
it, from the author's own repeated de- 
clarations. 

" The view," he taya, " which the 

author would probobly take of his own 

position is this : that ho was a ministCT 

not of any human K«toJ»li»hrHeT»l,>i>xX ol 

U 



3 

4 



RsyiEYf.— 'Remains of the Rev. R. H. Froude. 



tbe one Holy Catholic Church, which, 
among other pUccs, is allowed hy her 
Divine Master to manireit herself locally 
In England, and Vta in furmrr tiincH been 
endowed by the piety of her mcniberv. 
That the State has but secured by law 
thOMt endoicment* which it could not neise 
without nacriUgt, and in return for thi* 
8U|)|)oged liuoD, hag encumbered the right- 
ful j>o»ie»sion of them by various conditiorui 
caiculated to bring tbe church into bond- 
age ; that her minitterti, in con«e<{Ucnce, 
are not bound to throw thcin»elveg into 
the spirit of isach enactments ; mther are 
bound to keep tliemaelTeii from the «narc 
and guilt of them, and to observe only 
■ttch a literal acquiescence as is all that 
the law requires in any cose, all that an 
externa] oppressor has a right to ask. 
Their luyalty is already engaged to the 
Church Catholic, and they cannot enter 
into tbe drift and intentions of her op- 
pressors without betrayinij her, For 
example, they cannot do more than sub- 
mit to the stjitute of premunire; they 
cannot defend or concnr in the present 
sua)>ension in every form of the Church's 
synodal powers and of her power of ex- 
coinmuuicatiun ; nor can Ihcy sympathize 
in the provision which hinder their cete- 
bratingfiet out n/theaereH daily »ervieft, 
which ore their patrimony equally with 
the Romanists. Af^in, doublleas the 
spirit in which the present Estahlishmcat 
WHS framed, would require an alTectionatc 
admiring remembrance of Luther nnd 
others, for whom tliere is no evidence 
that the author of these volumes ever 
entertained any reverence." 

This extract will pnt the reader in 
possession of the great object of the 
Author's wiiibes and hopes, nnd the 
constant employment of his thoughts 
and writings — the rvtloration of the 
British Church. And when we look 
around at the desolate and decayed 
aspect she now presents, despoiled of 
her ancient patrimony, shorn of her 
ancient privileges, and deprived of her 
ancient power ; when we view the 
effect this has produced on the habits 
and feelings of the people; the low 
opinion they form of her station and 
her righta ; the cool apathy and indif- 
ference of the laity who otill adhere 
to her forms and ordinances ; tht in> 
suiting language uf the sectaries to- 
wards her; tlic manner in which this 



fn, 



^1 wl ■ . 



t' nrTy'sgratniti 
waa • tpee< 

* Wc rf.- 



church, so weakened and disfigured, 
has been placed, with all her sacred 
offices, her mysterious gifts, her holy 
claims, at the feet of a semi-laic 
commission ; when we find the verj" 
persons who, by virtue of this tenure 
of office, have a disposal of her emo- 
luments, and should be the jealous 
guardians of her rights, taking praise 
to themselves l/ccawse they are not hot- 
tite to Iter ; when in fact we see the etil 
produced throughout the bodv of tho 
people by the disuse of chnrcn disci- 
plino.and thclossofherspiritual autho- 
rity; when we contemplate the wretch- 
edly cold, lifeless, hopeless indifference 
and carnal-mindcdness willi whicit 
tho !ierrice$, as they nrc called, of the 
church are partaken of by the people ; 
the diiihonouring of the sncramenta ; 
the exaltation of the s$crmun, and the 
rage after Gospel- preachers ; we say< 
considering such things, we want no 
apology for the expression of the very 
strong feelings wc meet with is our 
author's writings, seeing, that if we 
go not with him to the full vKleat of 
his opinions, — and that not so much 
differing from him as to their sound- 
ness or correctness, ad by reason of 
their being hopeless to nccoraplish 
under present circumslancos, — we are 
yet convinced of the rectitude of bis 
judgment, and of the absolute neces- 
sity of many of the changes and re- 
storations he so fondly advocates. At 
present, however, the Ap|H>intment of 
political biphops, and the institution 
of political parsons to the Crown 
livings, and the new tiihe-bill, and 
the church-rate question. Are all tend- 
ing the contrary waj*. We know 
what end what we called tiUrai men 
come to ; and it will not be difficult 
to forelel the end of a librrol cAiircA. 
As a specimen of the extent to whicit 
this psoudo-churily has reached, even 
among the watchmen uf Israel, we 
heard a late- instituted bishop declare 
that his pride should be to adhere to 
the steps of his prcdecetsoi ; and yt>l 
we know that this predecessor hod 
declared ovei and over again tliat he 
would live and di« in the opinion* of 
Hoadly ! • 



n 



, be 

jKii iii.t jrifujc 111 uider 




KmriBW. — tttmaiiu of the Rtv. R. H Froude. 



$i 



I 



The first Tnlamc of this work con- 
t«in», ihtr IVivalc Journal of the Au- 
thor — I^Ufrs I" Frioutl's — and Oc- 

cit- ' T' ■ '=,. The joii, 
f: a which i 

t! if his thciugni- and 

a 1 ncc with the precepts 

>'> his attention to the- 

T' ■■! [»rilj'i'r niij fatliinj ; 

hi >i with the atatc of 

li induct: while a con- 

h*' of fcrentricity and 

Biagular thoughts And confi^^gtons. 
morL-or lc5$, pprvndc the whult-juurnal. 
We must give a short specimen of the 
Orra>*inttnl Thoughts, in which many 
»" Mtifcted with religious faith 

.1 1 with great clearness and 

po<v* r ,.,! rcajoaiag. but arc too long 
to transcribe. 

" Fcfa. 19- He remarked in a sermon 
yntrrday that, in the name sense as the 
Jnr* were nadOHa/li/ tiecled into fiod's 
lu>UM>hiiliI before otLcr riatioas, aud likc' 
wi"- s.iinr- (Ir-ntlirn nation** before Dtlier^, 
Ml othrr iimi.iriMil or o«Mi:ni,il 

fr " the ymii /ilro'nrr of (•dti, 

we all have hv«n indiriduaUji ttrcttd, 
insmnnch ■< no reason ran be aissiKned 
for cm r 1 ' n Iwrn iit o Chrifitian 

eomklr) u a IteutlR-n. cxL-cpi 

ih'- "■"■ -. : uf (iud. In tlitfc sense, 

ill I one, can the- 'Oalliug' and 

' i ( individuals be railed arbi- 

triujr. Wlicther in the other sense we 
arr rirct, dopendu on what we ourselves 
or ri leanini; nil the arm of 

I- to helji all to whom it 

h.i ^.i .. .„..„, on fon<litioo that they 
tnti loan on it. It is Gtul that workeLh 
io na It tt^iU nwl <ln of hi» good plea- 
sure, bnt not so ns to leave ns nothing 
Io do ourselves -, while it is Ae that will, 
We haie Ikr powtr not to will. 

" June. Awof<«», about Absolution, 

Am«'I -'• •'<.. When our Lord breathed 

U)' he said to thfiii, ' Ue- 

ci- <ili08t, \Vhosc»oeTcr 

akas yc tcuiii, they are remitted unto 
ibcm ; and whosesoever sbis ye retain, 
tiwy an rttained.' What are we to under- 
ttaa4 WM the nature of the power com- 



manicated unto them ? Was the viUiUt|r 
of their sentence to depend upon th« 
truth of its grounds ? — It is not eaaj to.l 
CQUceive the contrary : by it, sopposing f 
thcfu to be correct, wc Whete that I 
tlieir elTects would follow ibeai tndepeH' 
dent of any authoritalive assuranor. So ( 
that a scoffer might say. What does tho j 
sentence of the Church come to ? for yoQ j 
do not seem to assert its validity except 
in cases where you would allow the sen- 
tence of any one else to be equally valid : 
its authority doca not ensure its execu- 
tion, unless without authority it would 
have been equally executed. It seema to 
me altogether a very pu«ling difficulty : 
an exeomniunicated person is either worse 
off) or not worse off than he was before. 
If be is not, how can it be looked upoa 
as an evil and a punisbment.' — it degene- 
rates simply into a matter of expediency." 

So far the author, from which we 
must remark that if the remission or 
retaining of sius by the Apostles were 
accompanied by any acta of power, 
such as readmiitiou. into the Church, or 
ejcr.ommunicatioh, the clTect of that 
power tniijht be very different, frota 
the simple convictiuo that pardon or 
punishment would hereafter follow, 
according to the religioua diflpensatton 
of God with Man and the declarations 
of Scripture. But if no act of power 
further than the announcement, au- 
thoritatively declared, of the spiritual 
state of the person follow ; then it 
might be considered as a gift bestowed 
on the Apostles to corroborate their 
faith, and convince them of the high 
powers bestowed on them ; and also as 
a proof of the power Christ had be- 
(]ueathcd to his Church here on earth. 
In both coses a distinct and important 
object is gained. 

We end our brief extracts from these 
Occasional Thou{i;ht9, with the con> 
eluding passage : — 

" The ' array of talent ' which has mar» 
shi-dlcd itself on the side of tlic Roraaniita 
ns regards their political claims, is pointed 
out to us as a two-fold argument for 



aad wm» and hsuj^H himself.' 



I 



Such we •tippose was the tling of thefaceiia Grgy- 

t." ■ " ' .it that time a B^^hop who heard 

II t have answered, if hi:* Christian 

|r. ....<>„..;.,., „f Durham, had given 

dv r which bus been cal- 

til iry office,'! which Lord 

(;, Olid tiicijdt, Cvc. Now, whose house was in best 

n , ids wore spoken when such persons as tlie present 

Arr.h)>Ulioi> ol ( ..iiurl>ur), the Bishops pf L«ailaff| ftietfiTi CUetXCCt VX^ ^t 'VtNt 

Uabop of Durham, nere ou the Bcwb. 



1 



52 



Review. — Remains of the Rev, R. H. Froudc. 



[July. 



* 



* 



alMDdooiag our position. Tlie iotelli- 
gcfice of their BUpportcrs is urged as on 
authority to whioh we ^lloulJ in common 
modeaty defer ; our inability to do icilh- 
cut them a» a reiuon why we should court 
their services on their tenns. I do not mean 
to admit the power of cither separately ; 
hut what 1 Bbsert i^, that both together, 
they are utterly untennble. When the 
authofiljf of these persons is used, their 
friendship is as.-iumed, while their threat- 
ened detertion supposes them disaffected. 
A» to the first point, it is here presumed 
that they are quoted against us, not to 
thake our principle!), but our miflaken 
way of supporting ihcni. The weight, 
then, i^bich wc should attribute to their 
advice must depend on their attachment 
to our principle. We must know what 
they intend to support, before we can 
rdy on them as supporters. Next, it 
wonld be no very consistent display of 
Bttarbment to abandon tlie prineiples 
themselves, to punish the deluded ob- 
stinacy of their unenlightened adherents. 
No folly which wc can show will alter 
the chAracter of the endi we have in 
view ; and he who will not desert theiu, 
cannot desert nt, \ shnll assume, then, 
that whatever may be the inexpediency 
of oar present line of conduct, no part 
of that inexpediency arises from the 
chance of delaehing from our cause any 
true frfend, however enli(;htoned. They 
who support the Romanists, to advonct 
the interests of the Church, will not ad- 
here to them, in spite of its interests; 
nor suJTer it to sustain unnecessary injury 
because they cannot benefit it their own 
way. On thcae grounds, then, it seems 
to me quite evident that those whose 
services must be bought by concetiriou, 
can have no authority as advisers. It 
may be true that ' all the talent of the 
country ' hold the safety of the Established 
Church second to their theories of politi- 
cal convenience ; and to such talent wc 
may submit as conquered enemies, bat 
we can never coalesce with it as allies," 

His opinion on church matters may 
be gathered from many such thort 
passages and hinta as the following : 

P. 250.—" All the Methodists in these 
p&rta are cocking up their ears at tlie 
new* of his approach. May he r»capc 
becoming « Gosjiel mimrter. 1 hav«« read 
the lives of Peacock and Wickliffc in 
fjtryjie ; but must rcml niueh mont nfMiut 
them and their timet before I undcritoud 
them. At present 1 admire IVncock ami 
■lislikr WifkJiffe. A i^rr.it dclcrioraUun 
seem* to have taken pliti-e in the spirit ot 
the Church after Edttard IheTTiirxl's dbith. 
. . Iliargbccavery idlclately. bolliAvc 



taken up Strype now and then, and have 
not increased tny admitatiou of the Re* 
formers. One muAt not speak lightly of 
a martyr; so I do'not allow my feelings 
to pujis the verge of scepticism ; but I 
really do feel sceptical, whether LAtimer 
was not something in the Bulleel line — 
whether the Catholicism of their formule 
was not a concession to the feeling* of 
the nation, with whom puritanism hod not 
yet become' pojmlar, and who could 
scarcely bear the alterations which bad 
been made ; and whether the progreis ttt 
things in Edward the Sixth's minority 
may not be considered as the jobbing of 
a faction. I will do myself the justice 
to say, that those doubts give me pain, 
aud that I hope more reading will ia 
some degree dispel them. As far as 1 
am gone, I think better than I was pre- 
pared of Gardiner and Uonner ; certalnlj, 
the ^fot of the Reforniatiun is to me a 
terra incoffnila, and I do not think that 
it has been cJiplaincd by any one that I 
have heard talk about it." 

Again,— 

" I have been looking into Strype's 
Memorials and Bumct a good deal with- 
out finding much to like in the Re- 
formers, but ] do not see clearly the mo- 
tives of the different parties. The sin- 
cerity of the leading men on both sides 
seems so equivocal that I can hardly SCO 
what attached them to their neapectiTe 
positions, I have observed one thing, 
and uiily one, in favour of my gucsscd- 
iit theory, that h, that Cranmer had a 
quarrel with Gardiner about admittiog 
poor people's children to a fotudalion 
school at Canterbury ; the bitter inaisting 
on their czclotiion. Certainly, this was 
a change in the tone of the high church 
party since A^'iUiam of Wykchum's lirac. 

The only /*.»0«)<»ij on which 1 can 

put my hand, as haxiog resulted from my 
trnvcU, is that the whole Christiiui system 
all over Europe — ' tendit vi<iibililer od 
non esse.' The same process whicti Is 
going on in England and France is taking 
its coarse everywhere else, and the clergy 
in those. Catholic countries »eeni as com- 
pk'tcly to hate lust their iullucuce, and 
to submit as tamely to the StatCi aa cvei 
we con do in England." 

But we inu»t change the kubject. 
In a letter from Rome he tnakes an 
obscrvatinn on tho u&e of coloured 
stone in orchilccUire, which wc trur- 
belvfs had strongly fell when wc firat 
cnlcnd St. I'uuI'b with the rtcuHec* 
lion of Si. IVtfi'ft fresh in uur mihd. 

" Dtforc I came here ) bad so idea 
o( xJu; cfcct of cultfurcd «looc w orcbi* 



1838.1 



Rbtikw.— IZffMttiff of tie Rep. R. Iff. frevde. 



53 



tactore ; but the lue M. Angelo has made 
of it in St. Peter*!, ihowa one at once 
kow entirely that a^le ia designed with 
reference to it, and how abswd it was 
in Sir Christopher Wren to copy the form 
when he conld eopy nothing more. The 
coloured part so completely disconnects 
itself from the rest, and forms snch a de> 
ddcd and elegant relief to it, that the 
two seem to be independent designs that 
do not interfere. The plain stone-work 
has all the simplicity of a Grecian temple 
and the marbles set it off, jost ss a fine 
scene or a glowing sky would. I obserre 
that the awkwardness of mixing up arched 
and nnarched architectore is thus en- 
tirely avoided, as all the arched work is 
coloured, and the lines of the nncolonred 
portion are all either horizontal or per- 
pendicolar. So Michael Angelo adds his 
testimony to my theory abont Gothic ar- 
chitectore." 

One more quotation, and we most, 
per force, abstain : 

" P. 306. Monseignenr , the head 

of the College, who has enlightened 

me on the snbject of our reUtions to the 
Chnrdi of Rome. We got introduced to 
him to find out whether he would take 
us in on any terms to which we could 
trust onr consciences, and we found to 
oar dismay that not one step conld be 
gained without swallowing the CouncQ of 
Trent as a whole. We made onr ap- 
proaches to the subject as delicately as 
w^ could. Our first notion was that the 
terms of communion were within certain 
limits under the control of the Pope, 
or that, in case he could not dispense 
solely, yet at any rate the acta of one 
Council might be rescinded by another ; 
indeed, that in Charles the Rrst's time 
it had been intended to negociate a re- 
conciliation on the terms on which things 
stood before the Council of Trent. But 
we found to our sorrow that the doctrine 
of the infallibility of the Church made 
the acts of each successive Council obli- 
gatory for erer ; that what had been once 
decided, could nerer be meddled with 
again. In fact, that they were com- 
mitted finally and irrcTOcably, and could 
not advance one step to meet us, even 
though the Church of England should 
become what it waa in Laud's time, or 
indeed what it may have been up to the 

atrocions Council, for M admitted 

that many things, e. jf. the doctrine of 
mass, which were fixed then, had been 
indeterminate before. So much for the 
Council of Trent, for which Christendom 
has to thank Luther and the Reformers. 

dedaiea, that ever since I heard 

thia, I kave become « ftanodi Protegtaut, 



which is a most base calnamy on his 
part, though I own it has altogether 
changed my notions of the Roman Ca- 
tholics, and made me wish for the total 
otherthrow of their system. I think that 
the only tovm now — is 'the ancient 
Church of England ;' and as an explana- 
tion of what one means,— ' Charies the 
first and the Nonjnrors.' " 

There are in the volumes, besides 
what we have already mentioned, some 
very good Sermons, and an exceed- 
ingly ingenious and interesting essay 
on Church Architecture and the Rise 
of the Pointed Arch. A few pieces of 
poetry are also preserved, from which 
we make the following extract :— • 

" DAMIBI.. 

" Son of sorrow 1 doom'd by late 
To a lot most desolate, 
To joyless youth and childless age. 
Last of thy father's linesg^— 
Blighted being I whence hast thou 
That lofty mien and clondless brow ? 

"Ask'st thou whence that cloadkss 
Bitter is the cup, I trow ; [brow I 

A cup of weary, well-spent years— 
A cup of sorrows, fasts, and tears ; 
That cup whose virtue can impart 
Snch calmness to a troubled heart I 

" Last of his father's lineage, he. 
Many a night on bended knee. 
In hunger many a live-long day. 
Hath striven to cast his slough away ; 
Yea, and that long prayer is granted. 
Yea, his Soul is disenchanted. 

" Oh I blest above the sons of men. 
For thou, with more than prophet's ken. 
Deep in the secrets of the tomb 
Hath read their own eternal doom ; 
Thou, by the hand of the Most High, 
Art sealed for immortality. 

" So may I read thy story right, 
And in my flesh so tame my spright, 
That when the mighty one goes forth, 
And from the east and from the north 
Unwilling ghosts shall gather'd be, 
I, in my lot, may stand with thee." 

We leave these volumes with every 
feeling of respect to the author's me- 
mory. His mind was strong and ably 
exercised ; he had a powerful intellect 
and a discriminating taste ; while 
every page of his writings bears wit- 
ness to the virtuous principles which 
regulated bis conduct, and the strong 
religious faith which it was the ob> 
j«ct o[ his life \fi mwaVMU tasfi V> ^- 



£4 



RKViEW.^Faber's Primiihe Doctrine of Jmtiftcation. [July, 



fu.sc. Fortunately, the manuscripts 
left by the author have found an editor 
who has performed his Bomewliat de- 
licate task with the very qualities 
which it waa desirable for him to pos- 
sess, but so diflicult to find — affection 
for the author's memory, similarity of 
sentiments among important questions 
touched on, and an intimate acquaint- 
ance with all the points connected with 
their discussion. 



The Primitive Dudrine uf JuDtiJicatiou 
inve3{iy<tlfid, Sfc. By George Stanley 
Faber. B.D. 

THIS volume has had its origin in 
borae opinions advanced in the works 
of the late Mr. Knox, on the subject 
of justification, which Mr. Faber was 
solicited by some of his clerical bre- 
thren to examine, and to communi- 
cate to them the result of bis inquiry. 
The subject itself, it is needless to say, 
is of the greatest interest that can 
possibly come under invc3tii;ation ; 
those who maintain the diO'erent sys- 
tems arc persons of eminent learning, 
piety, and character ; and the- argu- 
ment is conducted with such feelings 
of respect as are due to the sanctity 
of the subject and the rcs|icctability 
of those who are conscientiously ex- 
amining it for the discovering of truth. 
Wc must give a vcr^' short outline of 
it in Mr. Fabcr's own words; — 

"The one system (th«t of Mr, Knox 
and big follower*) i^romiils our justifica- 
tion ujion our own intrinsiic rightcoua- 
iiess iofased into us by GotI, Ihrougb our 
faith in tlie I^rd JrauK Clirtot ; the other 
system grounds onr justification ujKjn the 
extrinsic righteousness uf Christ, appro- 
priated and forensically mmle our own 
by foith, Oh by an appoiiitfd instrument. 
The unc leaches that we are not only 
roputvd, hut actually matle righteous to 
oil amunnt sufficient, tbroueh this precise 
mt-diuin, to procure snd effect our justi- 
fli nlioi) hefore Clod ; tlic oilier tcftfhc* 
that we ure justified only on ttee«iunt 
uf llie perfect rigblcousne«s of Christ, 
tliroui^b the medium of foilb, which wc 
barf iuipiiled to n!t (n« the apustlc speaks), 
instead nf n -^ whidi «c hare 
H'A, 'Die <- ■■ the riRhtcous- 
II -^ -- ' ^ ■'. - -' •■( 



inliiniil; tbc other riirciiilly liixlin- 
giiltttr^ both io office ao<l uhnrai^Ucr and 
order of lUccCMloa the pcr&cl risUleous- 



nesB of ^'tur/i/ica/toa. which is Cliriiit'«, an4| 
the iniixrrfect il ' *' '.■,'<<•/». 1 

lion, which i> i lin. 

lainn that thi i., ...... ..but I 

inherent righteousness of Baoctiticntirm | 
jtuti/ift those, who, before the infumoa I 
of that heavcn-boru, but in the world] 
sin • intermingled cjuality, were ainoAK I 
the impious and ungodly; it 
maintiuns chat, although tbr 

and inherent rightcousne:$s of i.^ 

tion is erer pretent (as the wntcr of | 
the Homily s|ieaks) with those that ara 
jujitilied, yet it has no band in procuring | 
and efftcting their jostilicatinn, inas* 
luurh as the one follows after the otJier, 
and therefore iu the very nature of Ihin^ 
cannot be its antecedent cause ; for each 
aystein alike the authority uf Scripturw | 
is claimed," 

Mr. Fabcr, in the fullowing section, 
shows with what just impressions of] 
the subject, he enters oa the inquiry : 

" So far IU I om able to judge, a dif* 
ferenoe thus nmiked, and thus impor- J 
tant, requires for each individual's own J 
satisfaction, a sifting as complete aa au 
union of honesty and labour can render 
it; and this sifting is the more neces- 
sary, because the difference lies tiot be- 
tween rcLigioa and irrclitpon, — not be- 
tween seriousness and profancncss, — not 
between caution and carelessnest, — not 
between n strong iuteut and n rrtl indif- 
ference, — not between a holy regard of 
Gml's word m\A an unholy disregard of{ 
it; but between men alike impressed with i 
the importaaee of the Roapcl,— alike 
aimiiit; in all »iiii-crity nt the pr-icticc of 
godliness, and alike cliiimiug Christ aa 
tluir only L4)rd nnd Siiviour : in a word, 
between the departed piety of Mr. Koox I 
united with the living rxccllencc of Lta | 
adherents, on the one band, and the de- 
|>artL'd piety uf Hooker united with tba j 
living excellence of Hooker'* cUseiples, on ( 
Uie other liand." 

In St. Paul's aense, says Mr. Knox. 
" to be justified, is not simply to be 
ncciiuuletl riyhleoui, but aUo and in i 
the first insUince to be made liciii, , 
by the implunlulion of a nn! 
ciplr uf Hifihti-fivtnfss." Thi-: 
Mr. Fabcr thinks was first propouttdcitj 
br Peter Lombard itv the i'ilh ccn< 
tury. nnd Thomas Aquinas in tU^ rith.l 
and adopted by Ibfc' tridcnfinc iti- 
vine*. Tnc diffcicncc I" twaj 

schemes lies in t/w vr, 
Ju.'' Mr. litio 

dci 1), uitd t; 

tuHkc lUv |>tocuiing cau»v ui ju^auji. 



1838.] 



RiTRW.— 'GilMflo's Etpiuhgiatl Geogr^hy. 



55 



caltionto be our own uifiued and thert- 
Jwt imhermt or tafrmme JRi^A/fomiieM. 
The Cbarch of England and the Re- 
formed Churchea make the procaring 
canae of Jastification to be the ex- 
trinsic RigkttDmmeaa of Chriat aippre- 
htmiti ami ofp r opriated Im the inalru- 
untml hamd of FaUk. With respect 
to the necessity of holiness both in 
thought and word and work, as an 
indispensable qualification for the 
Kingdom of Heaven — all parties are 
agreed, but when thev come to trfcat 
of the place, which, in the economy 
of justification, is occupied by holi- 
nesa, they differ considerably and in- 
deed essentially ; for (Aw, in truth, is 
the hinge on which turns the whole 
controversy ; the one party make jus- 
tification and sanctifiration substan- 
tially the same. Man's sanctification 
by an infusion of inherent righteous- 
ness being no other than his intrinsic 
moral justification, and on the ground 
tftku imtritme wtoral jtulifieation, as 
Mr. Knox theologises, man's diief hope 
is to be viewed as resting, or as the 
divines of Trent speak, the inherent 
righteousness of moral justification is 
properly called our righteousness, be- 
cause, though it is inherent in us, we 
are justified. The other party, widely 
difiering from their opponents, make 
sanctification altogether, in point both 
of place and ideality, distinct from 
justification ; inasmuch as they define 
justification to precede sanctification, 
and thence, of course, maintain that 
Sanctification, instead of being identi- 
ctl with, and indeed the very essential 
constituent of Justification, follows 
mfter it, and in truth never appears at 
all until the man shall Jlrit have been 
freely and forensically justified by the 
alone perfect, and relatively to our- 
selves entirely extrinsic, righteousness 
of Chriat. Mr. Faber deeming the 
views of Mr. Knox not only erroneous, 
but hufkfy dangeroiu and e$»entiaUy un- 
ter ip t mra l, and thinking it to be his 
duty to answer the respectful appeal 
made to him, produced the present 
work in answer. From the inherent 
importance of the subject, from the 
authorities in Scripture which are 
cited, from the opinions and doc- 
trinee of the Fathers illustrating the 
scriptural text, and from the fairness 
and closeness of the moral reason- 
ing throoghoot, this w^ork of Mr. 



Faber's will be of the highest interest 
to all serious minds, and to those 
versed in scriptural interpretation, 
whatever may be the result of the 
discussion on their minds. We only 
withhold giving our opinion, from 
seeing other works on the same sub- 
ject under course of publication, which 
we have not had an opportunity of 
reading. 



Etymological Geographf : betHg a elastim 
fied list of temu entering into the 
eomporition of Geographical Nawtea. 
By T. A. Gibson. Edinburgh and 
London. 1835. 

IN imparting a knowledge of Geo- 
graphy, it was thought heretofore 
scarcely necessary to give the etymo- 
logies of local appellations. It is. 
however, highly advantageous for the 
student to be made acquainted with 
the derivation and signification of 
names, especially in Europe, where 
the Kelts designated natural objects 
by terms expressive of their appear- 
ance, position, character, qualities, &c. 
The combination of this knowledge 
with Geography would improve the 
science ; for it would not be merely 
curious to trace the etymologies, but, 
as Pliny observed, the old words being 
so expressive, the name of a place de- 
scribes its character, as mountainous, 
marshy, woody, watery, black, red, 
grey, green, &c. and, as Mr. Gibson 
remarks, " the appellation given to a 
settlement not unfrequently indicates 
the degree of advancement in civiliza- 
tion to which the original founders 
had attained." 

It is remarkable that the primitive 
topographical appellations have been 
retained through so many successive 
generations, and among different races. 
In England innumerable names ap- 
plied by the Britons, have remained 
unchanged by the Saxons, Danes, or 
Normans. In Scotland and Ireland 
also, local terms have been generally 
retained and incorporated in the dia- 
lect of those who were entire strangers 
to the language in which they are sig- 
nificant ; but we recollect cases where 
the original denominations have given 
place to names recently imposed. 
Sometimes indeed the new appellation 
is a translation of the old, «& \^« ^«x- 



5G 



Keview.— Knight's Normans in Shilj/. 



[Julj-, 



* 
* 



* 




lin Know, for Knock Caillcach (ihe 
old woman's hillocii) ; Fidinburgli, for 
Dun eidap, &c. : but in many cases 
proprietors, from affuctcd delicacy of 
ear, have altered the designations of 
their estates, sinking the barbarous 
titles of their fathers. Thus Balgorkar, 
for which the less harsh sounding 
* New Mains/ is substituted ; and 
Ashcorisliclet, which gave way to tlie 
more euphoniua ' Flowerbank.' A 
Mr, Orrock purchases the lands nf 
Culpna, but he gives his own name to 
the estate, and is now " of Orrock," or 
that ilk. But these corruptions ap- 

Certain more to the province of trie 
eralds. 

We do not like this nicety, but for 
our own parLi would rather adhere to 
the original name, however uncouth, 
than adopt one which loses all smack 
of antiquity, and sounds to our ears 
like " the Clarence cottages," the 
" Victoriabuildings," "George IV. ter- 
race." and other familiar designations 
imposed by retired citizens of Cock- 
aigne on their little doU's-house-look- 
ing boxes. 

Mr. Gibson, who is known for some 
other works, and is master of Cauvin's 
Hospital, Edinburgh, has very properly 
given "to geographical names in the 
British islands ttiat decided promi- 
nence which their relative importance 
to the youth of these countries seems 
to claim ;" but he has incorporated 
some Hebrew, Greek, Latin, and Ger- 
man words, " recommended by their 
frequent occurrence in systems of 
Geography," There is still on exten- 
sive field before our author, and we 
hope that he may meet the encourage- 
ment which he says will induce him 
to reprint the work with extensive ad- 
ditions. It ought to be in every school 
library. 

Some of his etymologies are inge- 
nious, if not altogether satisfactory. 
" Aberiicthy in IV-rthshire." he says. 
" derives its name from Nethan or 
Nechtnn, a Pictish king, who made it 
his principal residence." Of Aber- 
nethy in Strathspey he gives the 
proi>er etymology, viz. the confluence 
of the Nethy (with the Spey). The 
nrtilicinl mounts of Duinipace, he tells 
us. With le&s discrimination than he 
urually evinces, are from »' - 1 I'-n 
Duni pacis — a pleonasm. 
" Hills of Peace : " but sure I } 



is Dun na bus, the "mounds of death," 
appropriately so termed, whether an- 
cient moot-hilU, or sepulchral tumuli. 
He conjectures LivprpnnI In siRnify 
" the port of the river." No more 
probable etymology has presented it- 
self to us than the fnol where ves»rU 
are livereil. i. e. unlnadod, di-dvercd. 



Thf NormiiM in Sicily. By Hcnr\' 
Gaily Knight. Esq. M.P. 

IN his preceding work, bearing the 
title of "An Architectural Tour in 
Normandy." the author has taken a 
view of the architecture of the Nor- 
mans in France and England ; the 
present is dedicated to a survey of their 
operations in the third scene of their 
conquest and dominion, the island of 
Sicily. 

The annala of this adventurous and 
chivalrous people fill but a compara- 
tively brief space in the volume of 
historj' ; yet that space is bright and 
glorious : it shines as a luminary 
amidst a general gloom and darkness. 
At the time when the Normans rose 
into power, the (Jreck empire, sunk in 
sloth and effeminacy, had preserved 
only the lunury of imperial Rome ; the 
energy, the valour, and the talents of 
the conquerors of the world had de- 
parted, and the learning of the Au- 
gustan sera had retired to the seclu- 
sion of the cloister. In the Western 
branch of the Roman Empire, anarchy 
and disorganisation were fast paving 
the way for civil and religious despo- 
tism. 

A precarious sovereignty in a Bmall 
portion of the former Western Em- 
pire atill remained in the imperial 
diadem of Byzantium; but even half of 
that scanty dominion had been wrested 
from it by the conquering Saracens, 
who seemed to threaten to raise the 
standard of Mahomet upon the ruins 
of the ancient empire. During this 
period, and while the Mahomedan 
power seemed to be faskt gainin;; 
an ascendancy, a band of little mnrt* 
than forty Normans returning from Je- 
rusalem landed at Salerno, and joinrd 
the Greek commander in repuhine an 
nttack of the .Saraccn«. Tin ' 
nnd discipline of the Norm.i: 

them powerful v!-. I ^...i. ^^, 

and their Itol. rm. 

ployed asstipt: , >...^.„.;jtcd 



n 



IR38.] 



Revikw,—K digit's Norinan$ mSicilff. 



bf TvprnTctl fniierrittons Troni tht irown 
til' ' '. iK'camo the so- 

^- iliriA, nnilSicily, 

tl neesof tluWi-st, 

I . ((jK-aratJceofthU 

bftijJ of ijilgjinii, n Aonnan ruler go- 
Wfiiwl the firsl-iiaojeil province, and 
during Uw two < ivluch wit- 

nessed tkedurnti' <rmaiisway 

ih"'- 'irps ^I'lf on -.--1.-11 wiili ago- 

>• ; above what theyliad prc- 

\> . .1 ■....! .-.c. ,tely bettor 

ti . Az(.*al for 

Xf . ^ . J — — _ uided ii>le- 

ration — t devotion to the line arts — o 
liid and to a certain extent a reprc- 
feDtative government — and, for the 
ricwl, even i peaceful sway— clmrac- 
teitsrd the Norman dynasty. The 
aob«licving S«rar«<n enjoyed equally 
ivith the schismatic Greek and the 
urthodox Catholic-, the benefits and 
privileged of a regidnr government, 
and the (n'ople knew not what it was 
to bow to the absolute sway u( one 
man. It wa? re&erved fot S|iani»h 

in' ' ' •- to destroy the first benefit, 

("■■ iesputism to lend its aid 

vv the lalttT. 

Jlo excellent «uinniary of the hls- 
r\ iif ill.- Norraao period forms an 
ai lircfHce to the architectu- 

rill . I ilii» work, and it shews 

titc todurncc which an energetic but 
IMtjfective government has ever cxer- 
ci*ed u|ion l)ie tine arts. 

The ►M?nfficial influence of the Nor- 
ta:, •' couutry will l>c readily 

ar 1 when the mullitiule of 

cbutilu'^ auiJ the vast number of other 
works are taken into consideration : 
what ihey eflected for these Italian 
provinces in shewn by the same de- 
scription of CTidenccs, 

The uutliur made a personal survey 
of 111.' r. miini.Kf arihitcctural speci> 
ni lans, with the view 

of , iL lurrect chiiracteTof 

th' : building. The result of 

Lr- . i i» given in the following 

luminary. 



•111.. i.Tiiiif, 



p.. 

ma 

•jn 
it ■ 

tie 

mi 



f ; aciil, Srd, thnl 

.•.•tl5. But 

not Sara- 

arches, it 

it« I'lliMTt unit canitiilfi, 
%'ot.. X. 



Byzantine in its cttpolas and mos 
Normnn and Greek in it* enrirbments ', 
coinbiniition only to be found in SirilyJ 
■mi natural there, from the mixture of tli« 
dilti-rent notions."— (I'. ;j.l>.'.; 

From this it will be seen, thot, in the] 
author's opinion, the Pointed arch waa] 
employed in the works of the Sicilian | 
Normans at an earlier period than in < 
the buildings of any other European ' 
nation : this naturally leads to an ex- . 
position Iff hi9 opinion upon the origin 
of the arch itself, to which he assigns 
an oriental parentage. We preltr 
giving his arguments, which ore in- 
genious and forcible, in hia own lan- 
guage. 

" Having seen that the Sicilian Nor- 
raans employed the Pointed style, and 
that they adopted it from the Samceas, 
we must not exactly leave t lie matter tliere. 
How came the Saracent. of Sicily by it : — 
wan it invented by tliem or for tliem ia 
Sicily, or did they bring it with them ? 
.Sicily at the tlnse of the Saracenic In- 
vasion was exclusively occupied by the 
deflcendanti of Greeks and Romans, who 
invitrinbly ailbered to as close an imita- 
tion of Llie Uoman style ns the state of the 
JirtA enabled them to accomplish. It was 
not in -Sicily, therefore, that the Tainted 
arch could be found by the Saracens. 
Sicily was cour|uered by the Saracens ia 
H'S'i. By Hint time the Arabs had eX' 
tended their empire over Persia, Syria, 
Egypt, Africa proper, ond Spain, nnd 
whcruvcr they went had become great 
builder!!. The Arabs, therefore, had 
already had n eousideralile practice in 
urchilectufe, and were likely to have 
acquired a predilection for some pnrtieu- 
Inr forms. The earliest Siinicenic build- 
ings, of which the date is accurately 
known, are to be foutnl in t'airo. The 
Nihimeler was rebuilt where it now stands, 
and as it now nppeur<t, by Motawrtkel, 
lUth Kuliph of the Abassides, in mi). 
The Mosi[iie of Teyloua was built ill 
HT!>, and the Mosque uf Hakeni in 10(13. 
The dates are recorded in C'upbic in- 
scriptions titill exi.5ting on the widlHoflhe 
buildings, nnd in all the buildings the 
Puinted arch appears. Tluit the Painted 
arch was the form which pletised tlie 
Arabs, and fur which they acquired a de- 
rided preference, ia sufficiently proved by 
tlii-ir having used it evc-r nAerwards, and 
introduced it wherever they went — in 
Pendu, at Uyxaitliuni, in Syria, and in 
India. I'itiJiog the I'oiutcd arch, there- 
fore, emjiloyed by the Saracens '«i ^^^» 
at a period bo nearly Hia«\lantov» irvtS 
I 



rigfii 



■il&MMH 



I 



58 



Kkview. — Knight's Nortnans in Sicily. 



[My, 



I 
I 



the Saracenic conquest of Sicily, «nd that 
it «'«« iutroducrd by the Sarai-eos wTirrc- 
ever tliey went, musit we i»ol believe tbut 
it was employed by the Sjiraceii-i uho 
coiHiuered t>icily before they pussofiEieJ 
thut iiilatui, anit that thry preacribi-d it to 
the architects of the conquered UAtion, 
in the same vrny as tlie Norman con- 
queror« preecribed the Norman zig-zag?" 
—(P. :I4».) 

If tlie (Jatcs given mark the period 
of the actual erection of the structures 
in question, they go far to establish 
the claims of Kffvpt to the invention 
rif the style ; but the inscription may 
only record the founder of the institu- 
tion, and the mere restorer or repairer 
of the structure has been overlooked, 
or they may liavc been preserved from 
an older pile. As antiquaries, wc knovv- 
the excessive difficulty of reconciling 
dates, the more so when all record of 
subsequent alterations and reconstroc- 
tions has been lost. 

The following description of the 
Cathedral of Messina will assist us, in 
the examination of the specimens of 
early Pointed work. Of this structure, 
Mr. Knight says, 

" The most ancient architectural work 
in Me«sina is r porliun of the present Ca- 
thedral. This was bci;uu by Count Roe;i'r 
in the latter years of hiK life, about lOLiH, 
and finished by the king hii< son. As 
this was the first Norman building which 
1 saw in Sicily, I was nnturnlly induced 
to compare it in my mind with the con- 
temporary works of the Normans in 
Frhnre, Mid found it to be constnicted on 
very different principles, but containing 
many points of re^emblnnce. It is of 
considerable si^e. Tlie plan is the long or 
Ifdtin basilii'a. It has a largecrypl. The 
arches of the origiual work (witli the ex- 
(M'pliou of those of the crypt) are varied, 
with a tdight inclination to the horse-shoe 
Jo the fiinn of those of the nave. The 
windows are round-headed and undivided. 
The windows in Uic apses have on each 
side the small niccssrd Nnrmnn pillar, 
and riiriehed nrLhitrnve.H, in which the 
Norman zig-xug n|i|H-nrs ns well as on the 
iopost. The parnpet u «upporfed on 
Norman brackets. f)n the othet h/ind 
there is none nf that (frandeurnnd solidity 
ill the building which I had admired in lite 
early work of fhr Nonnun* in Frsnce, 
' " ' " ' ' -I to 

of 

■ ■.. .>.iM' 

iill in iroiirsov), 

• t upon «inglc 

of gnuuUf, i<»ikvu from ewlier 



bnildingv, with rapitals, however, of the 
time; to a rertain degree altetn|>ting to 
imitate, but still widely depurlini; frotn, 
the Roman model.ii. It ifi, however, mani- 
ft'Kt, that pcrvons intimately acquainted 
with the arrliitectuvo of France, must 
have been concerned in the work. The 
Nonnan cn))ita]«, the brackets, and above 
all, the cl>evron moulding, must hare 
come direct from Nonnandy. In this 
church, though internally there is a trans- 
verse aisle between the choir and the nave, 
there is, externally, no appearance of 
transepts. The arches of llic vault of 
the crypt are olliuttly Pointed, and an- 
su|)ported by short columns with Norman 
capitals."— (P, 120.) 

The appearance of circular and horse- 
shoe arches in this church agrees 
with the date which Mr. Knight bos 
assigned to its erection ; but the exist- 
ence of pointed arches in the crypt, 
which must of necessity have been the 
older portion of the structure, seems 
either to mark the workmanship of a 
Inter date, or to show that pointed 
architecture prevailed at an earlier 
l)eriod in the Norman works in Sicily 
than in the buildings of Northern 
Europe: but in a note appended to 
this description, it appears that in 
liCO the church was called the N«v^ 
St. Mary's. Now, unless it is con- 
tended that this appellation means 
nothing, this latter date appears more 
likely to mark the true aee nf the pre- 
sent building than the period of its 
first erection by Count Roger ; the 
destruction and rcbuildifiR of a church 
in forty years was no uncommon tc- 
currencc in those times. If this latter 
date be the true one, the point^ij arches 
are not earlier than many examples in 
our own country. 

Another objection to the supposition 
that the pointed style ciiislcd at an 
earlier period in Sicily than eUewhcre 
in Europe, may he discovered from 
the architecture of another church at 
Mosbinn. This is descrilied as 

'• A., r.iiii.-,. «],jp), ffo<>* (•ejiro,hu)»» Hie 
P<'i'' the north, imd of whiah 

the I . Is would, if it stood In 

Ennlund, .i>,igM to thr church of San 
Fr«iii<-«"v> The dair of fhr rHgn of .fnhn. 
But ' : ■ ■ !., ■ ,.,„, 

cxp, I..,. 

•"^' ..th 

4;i'iitury. Ilsf.in .^J 

at Napirs hy I in 

1254."— (P, ISTi . 



18S8.1 



Hbtibw.— Kniglit's tforma»»h Sieity, 



Tbis bmlding is evidently behind its 
contemporaries in England^ and would 
rather offer an argument that its point, 
ed architecture was derived from the 
north ; and if so, the backwardness of 
its architectural features would be rea- 
dily accounted for by the lapse of time 
occupied by the importation ; the same 
cause which always occasions an exotic 
fashion to be posterior to its original. 

Sen Giovanni degli Eremite, at Pa- 
lermo, is another early example of the 
use of the pointed arch ; but its date is 
not early enough for the author's 
argument. 

" This church and an adjoining mo> 
nastery were built by King Roger, and 
they most have been finished baore the 
year 1 13S, becaose in that year he wrote 
to William, Uie head of a congregation of 
hermits at Monte Virgine, in Apulia, to 
request he would send him some of his 
fraternity to inhabit the monastery. The 
church is again mentioned in a diploma 
of King Ro^ beating the date of 1 148. 
It has so oriental an appearance that, if 
its history were not so accurately known, 
it might have been mistaken for one of 
the mosques of the Saracens, afterwards 
converted to Christian uses. The dnga • 
larity of its exterior arises from the num- 
ber of its little cupolas, in shape exactly 
like those which are seen all over the East. 
It had originally five cupolas, three over 
the nave and one over each transept. Of 
these, four remain. The cupolas are sup • 
ported by a curious process of corbelling 
at each comer, the necessity for which 
expedient arises from the imposition of 
a circle on a square. The whole (cupolas 
as well as walls) is constructed of squared 
stone. The bcdlding is in the shape of 
the Latin cross, with three apses at the 
east end: it has no side aisles. It is 
plain throughout, with no traces of mosaic 
on the walls, and is by no means large in 
use ; affording a proof that it was not 
usual for the Normans of Sicily to build 
on a great scale in those days. The 
arches under the cupolas are pointed, as 
well as the doors and windows. About 
this building there is more character and 
peculiarity than any we have hitherto 
seen. There is nothing at all like it 
either in France or England. The dissi- 
milarity arises from the oriental manner 
which the Normans acquired in Sicily." 
—(P. 258.) 

The most strikb^ peculiarity in the 
Sicilian churches is that mixture of 
style, which so completely bhews the 
•tate of the country, and presents 
ftoch tompiete Mad iatereatiag woau- 



59 



ments of the history of the period. 
The church last noticed is a fine ex> 
ample of these structures, and the fol. 
lowing is another, upon a grander 
scale : — 

" Monreale (cathedral), which was 
begun in 1174, is the latest and most 
splendid of the works of the Norman 
kings. Latin in its shape, Roman in its 
colonnade, Byzantine in its mosaics, 
Greek in its sculpture, Saracenic and 
Norman in many of its mouldings, fea- 
tures, and details, it exhibits a most 
curious combination of styles, and is one 
of the most splendid monuments of the 
middle age8."—(P. 391.) 

The castles erected in Sicily by the 
Normans partake greatly of the cha- 
racter of similar erections in £np;Iand. 
At Paterud was a castle, built by 
Count Roger in the latter part of the 
eleventh century. 

" The keep is the only part which re- 
auuns. It is a huge, oblong pile, very 
lofty, and perfect to the top. The walls 
are extremely thick, built of nibble, with 
ashlar coignes. The door, which seems 
to have been the original entrance, is 
small, on the second story, and was pro- 
bably approached by a moveable stair- 
case."— (P. 160.) 

This feature is seen in Guildford 
castle, Surrey, Conisborough, &c. 

" At Ademo is another lofty keep,— 
square, and built of rubble, like the one 
at Patemu. All its original walls and 
doors are round headed. Out of the great 
hall, in the second story, opens a small 
chapel, in the pointed style ; the arch, 
however, of its little apse is circular. The 
principal entrance is an insertion. It is 
pointed, and of a late character."— 
(P. 165.) 

It appears from this chapel that it 
assimilates closely with the keeps at 
London, Ilcdingham, and elsewhere. 
The existence of Arabic inscriptions 
in several of the churches, might lead 
to the supposition that they were 
originally built for musqucs; but this 
circumstance alone cannot be adduced 
as evidence of the fact, as various 
causes may be assigned for their pre- 
sence in such structures. Sometimes 
they have been removed from other 
buildings, as in the following instance: 

" The Arabic inscriptions on either 
side of the principal entrance, and which 
gave the church (^La Hunx\ale\\a, a\.'M,«»- 
sina) the reputation Qf YuaVvn^ \>cc«k «w 



Rkvibw.— Nicbols's Beauchamp MottumetHs. [July, 



b 



^ 



jsque, if nothing but tbe frugmcnls of 
itoc S«ra<:enio ImildinK. Tht-y iirc" to 
le honour and glory of "McssiJa, ihv snn 
Ilaram. n HBu-ncenic chief; but the sense 
the inscription is incomplete, aa part of 
h wanting."— (l*. t'.i4.) 
An inscriptionon the pillars attached 
to Ihc portal of San Francesco di 
.ssessi, at Palermo, has evidently 
eo taken from a mosque : — 
" On each piWar is inscribed, in Arabic 
,jb«rai:ter*, nn extract from the Koran. 
[(One uf these inscripUons recites the UBual 
iMaliomeilan profession of faith—' Tlicru 
lil no God but God, and Mahomet li \m 
prophet."'— (P. 31.) 

Or ihcy have been placed there with 
the view of conciliating the Saracenic 
.|>opulation, as in the ensuing in- 
ttance : — 

" The roof of the Capcliu PalnJinn (hI 
Palermo) is of wood, fashioned and orna- 
Btenlcd in the Saracenic nisuner. The 
centre is coroiwstd of a scries of large 
toacd and stars, with pcndunts between 
each -, and on the edges of their coiupiirt- 
menU are inscriplioni in Cnphic cha- 
racters, associating Midiomcdan recollec- 
tions with a Christian teinplc."— (P. ^43.) 

This chapel was built hy the Nor- 
man King Roger, and was finisbtd in 
1132, after the dominion of the Sara- 
cens had ceased. Tbe same cause may 
have produced the succeeding inscrip. 
Uon :— 

" Chi two of the pillars of this rhnnb 
(La Mortorana, Palermo) nro inscriptions 
in Cuphic chnracters, but cipreRsivo of 
sentiments that belong to the Chrislinn 
as much aa to the Mahomedan. It is not 
therefore neceswiry to conclude that Iheoe 
pillars eter formed part of a inostiue ; it 
being equally probable that tJ>c in»crip- 
tiQUB were placed there by the Christian 
founder, at a time when Arabic wa;. com- 
monly spoken in the country. This b 

»J.p _! ,J,..1.1,. n- l>i.- :l,.| nf <-H(lnW. 

m" ^■»- 

prt-: •'■,''"» 

• ti,„l ji all yuluciKul uiid jiiupiticm? 

to thoic who pHl lUei/ trust in hiin.'"— 
(P. «64.) 

We conclude our temarks with an- 
other extract : — 

*' On thr niit»id*< of (he chnpfl '<he 



Greek, and Arabic ; another proof iliati 
"m those days the three longnagcs ''crjj 
equally employed it) Sicily. The Laliaj 
insoripticn is. 

Hoc opus horologii pncccpit fieri 
Dominus magnificas ReJf Rogcrius, 
Anno Incamationis Domini 1 N'2, 
Anno vero re«ii ejus 1.1 feliciter." 

(P. tf444 
We presume the date has been al- 
tered in the copy, aa Arabic numeraU 
did not come into common use until 
three centuries subsequent to the above 
date ; if the figures arc in the original, 
it deserves great attention. But we 
have no means of ascertaining the fact 
beyond Mr. Knight'a book. 

The student of ancient architecture 
is indebted to Mr. Knight for hringing 
bcfcrc his notice a class of buihUnfts 
of a highly interesting character, which. 
in common with the structures t»f the 
middle ages, arc valuable monuments, 
admirably illustrating the history of 
the period in which they were iiictcd. 
A portfolio of plates, bcaulilully 
coloured, in imitalion of the original 
drawings which were made by Mi. 
Moore, an artist of great talent, and 
well known by his accurate and nrlibl- 
like views of foreign buildings, arc 
published as nn accompaniment to the 
work of Mr. Knight : they represent 
various structures referred to in the 
work, and, independently of ibclr um! 
03 illustrations, form a very fine coU 
lection gf architectural drawings. 



k 



in I 

I"' 



A Dftcriplion of Si V' ' '"'vrh, 
ll'ancick, nml //' "»- 

ptl. ^yJohn Gou|;ii .Mi.tiui->, / -^.A' 
Ho. tti^'im falio jilafe*. 
An Ahridgmrnt t\f tfvf Somf, l2wo. 
iri/A a F\rontitjtitct. 
TO the honour paid to the illualfi- 
ous dead in fwrmer ages arc we in- 
debted for some of the most splendid 
eramples of architecture and «kcoia- 
tion in this ro-.t.M,- \i,,,ni- thtin. 
the Bcauchaii ng- 

p\nrc i>f till ; j»r- 

wii 'n the 1" iitk, 

suTj^ < ')■ by the I.: iiiiq- 

ftoleum of Ucnry i^ 'i W<6l- 

mlnJtrr. Of tliit ' its mo- 

. Mr, (iuL, lid a dc- 

', flh!>'trnti ' '■•I. taU<n< 



Jtt,CTV.tiouiiii» lhrwhuisua<jtii,-UtAU, huMu^ Uctii iyng out ui i<iin., tiic 



1836:] 



RsTiBW.-^NiclioIs's Beanckamp Monumenis. 



<>1 



vut of aa «(leqnate account of this 
noble munumcnt of the fifteenth cen- 
tury has been regretted by the ia- 
qairipg visitor. To sup{>ly this defi- 
ciency ha« been the object of Mr. 
NicboU' description ; and, although 
the plates previously used in the " Se- 
pulchral Monuments" are retained, 
the literary portion of the work is en- 
tirely new. The deficiencies in Mr. 
(iough's work arc amply supplied, and 
the inaccuracies corrected. 

The church of St. Mary, to which 
the Beauchamp Chapel is an appen- 
dage, is for the greater part modern. 
The western portions were destroyed 
by fire in 1604, and the tower and 
main body rebuilt in 1701, and de- 
signed in a corrupt pointed style by 
Sir Christopher Wren. The new works 
are marked by a degree of grandeur 
which they owe to the necessity the 
architect was under of following the 
proportions of the former edifice to 
suit the eastern part which had es- 
caped the fire. 

" The details," it i* observed, *• are 
tastelcM, incongruous, and deformed; 
and seem strongly to demonstrate into 
what total neglect the pointed style had 
fallen in the augnstun age of Anne. 
To the Kra at large it may fairly be 
ascribed, for its luostC eminent architect, 
the great Sir Christopher A^'rcn, waa 
cuunscUed on the occasion ; but that il- 
1a»trious man, whose mind was occupied 
with the simple grandeur of Greece and 
Rome, is known to have despised the 
' Gothic' style ; of his ignorance of which 
he gave another practical proof in the 
towers of Westminster Abbey." 

Mr. Nichols does the justice to the 
memory of our greatest architect to 
remove at least a part of the disgrace 
which the present edifice seems to 
cast upon him, as he informs us 
that " the drawings still remain among 
bis architectural designs in the li- 
brary of All Souls College, Oxford, 
but it is said they were not adopted, 
except for the tower;" and adds, " that 
the immediate supcrintcodant of the 
rebuilding of Warwick Church was 
John Smith, a native architect of some 
repute." Sir Christopher W^ren was 
attached to the classical orders of ar- 
chitecture to a degree amounting to 
prejudice; yet there exists evidence 
that he wu not blind to the beauties 



of Gothic architecture, although, fol- 
lowing the spirit of the age in which 
he lived, and the opinions of the men 
with whom he associated, he dis- 
dained to study the style in detail, 
and hence arose the mixture of Italian 
ornament with the pointed form, which 
is displayed in the Westminster towers 
and in Alderroary Church, London, 
in which a fine design, containing 
many excellent features, and show- 
ing what he might have eflectcd, is 
marred by the presence of the deco- 
rations of the " Louis Qoatorze" style, 
it follows, then, that there is little for 
the architectural antiquary to admire 
in the church of Warwick ; but in the 
Beauchamp Chapel his most enthu- 
siastic feelings will be fully gratified. 
Of this structure, Mr. Nichols gives 
a full description, together with the 
remains of the painted glass, which are 
but small when compared with the 
quantity which has been destroyed. To 
the eastern window many fragments 
have been removed from the side ones t 
and although the general effect may 
be an improvement, the antiquary 
cannot but regret the removal of sucu 
memorials from their original situa- 
tion, which always tends to create a 
confusion. The glass had been de- 
scribed by Mr. Gough, but, with the 
rest of the chapel, in a meagre and 
hasty manner. Mr. Nichols takes as 
his guide, Dugdale's notice of the win- 
dow in its original state. The figure 
assigned by Mr. Gough and his copy- 
ists to the Founder of the chapel, ia 
iihown by the help of Dugdale s en- 
gravings to have been, in truth, the 
portrait of the Duke, his son ; the 
Earl occupied a higher light in the 
window, and his statue is now sup- 
plied by another figure. A number 
of inscriptions remaining in the win- 
dows arc given with far greater cor- 
rectness in the present work than in 
its predecessor. 

The monuments arc minutely de- 
scribed, and, in particular, the unri- 
valled tomb of Richard Earl of War- 
wick ; the fine collection of heraldic 
decorations are blazoned and appro- 
priated ; supplying, in this respect, de- 
ficiencies equally in Gough and the 
description published in Blore's " Mo- 
numenUl Remains;" and the statue 
described by GoQ(U «ft Mint QA»Vi> 



Review.— Nichols's Beauchamp Monumenls. 



62 

taguc) wife of Richard Earl of Sails- 
bury, Mr. Nichols shows to be Anne 
Countess of Sahsbury in Iter own 
right, the grand-daughter of the de- 
ceased, the former having no claim to 
the arms of Bcauchamp ; aud the 
bearings on the shield being qviartcr- 
inga and not impalements. The in- 
scription 50 curioualy interspersed with 
the family badges of the bear and 
ragged staff ia more minutely correct 
thaii in either Dugdale. Cough, or 
Blore. In fact, the latter author con- 
tents himself with copying the first. 

It is here necessary to remark that 
it is far from our wish to disparage 
the works of the older antiquary ; the 
labours of Mr. Gough have been of 
the moat infinite service to the student 
of our national antiquities, for no 
writer perhaps has done more to create 
a love and veneration for our national 
antiquities, and a zeal for the in- 
Ycstigatiou of their history, than the 
author of the " Sepulchral Monu- 
ments." When it is recollected that 
the study of the remains of ancient 
architecture and decoration was in 
his time neglected, and when the in- 
creased facilities for acquiring know. 
ledge of this branch of antiquities 
which have arisen since bis day, are 
taken into consideration, it cannot be 
a matter of surprise that a work now 
written should avoid the errors into 
which an older author has fallen j we 
only mention these discrepancies to 
show that Mr. Nichols has not con- 
tented himself with blindly following 
an authority, however respectable (not 
even his own giidfather the learned 
editor of Camden), but has read and 
investigated before taking up his pen, 
and hence arises the greater accuracy 
uf his work. 

Ill addition to the monuments at 
Warwick, Mr. Nichols has followed 
Cough in api>endiiig Ui his work the 
description of the Chantry Chapel nt 
Tcwkeabuiy, commemorative of the 
conMirt of the founder of the chnjict nt 
Warwick. A remarkable direction in 
the Counte*h's will has given rise to 
some discu:*sion. lUr words .irc, that 
her tomb should di5>play "' 
all nuked, ami nothing on n. 
liiinG hair cast latkwaid." im , 

Mr. NifhoU says, " « c:<tr«oidiimry, 
if uttdcrstooil R»'uiiplyiug to Ihr whole 



[July, 



body, which Dugdale and others have I 
done," and with which we arc Inclined j 
to agree, having met with an example of* 
the same kind, which, although of a 
later record, will serve to illustrate the 
Countess's intention. On the brass 
of Katharine Incent in Bcrkhamstcad . 
Church, Hertfordshire, the deceased 
ia represented in the same manner a* 
the C<iuntes8 wills her statue to be, 
a naked figure, the hair thrown back- 
ward ; it lies on a shroud which is 
drawn across the middle ; (be only 
difference is, that the garment of Mor- 
tality is gathered upon the head of Uie 
figure, which, it ia to be remarked, 
represents the deceased not aa a ca- 
daver, but evidently alive, and was in- 
tended as a representation of penance 
and humility, not uncommon in old 
monuments. 

The very curious agreements for the 
monument of Earl Richard are placed 
in an appendix, and several corrections 
have been made in the copies already 
published from a MS. copy lent to the 
author by R. B. Wheler, Esq. the his- 
torian of Stratford-on-Avon; and from 
the same source has been printed, for 
the first time, an equally curious docu- 
ment, being "a bouke collected of the 
chardgcs of the chapell in St. Mary'* 
Church in Warwicke, called the Ladyc 
Chapell, builded by the executors of 
the Earll of Warwicke Richard lieau- 
champe, there buried, takeu out of the 
accumpts of Thomas Iluggeford, Esq., 
Nicholas Rodye, gent., and Sir Wil- 
liam Barkeswcll. present executors of ' 
the said Earle." 

These accounts throw light np«*n 
the wages and prices of materials at 
the time of the erection of the chn^H.-! 
and tomb. It is to be regretted that 
they have not been so minutely kept, 
or arranged, as to show what wa» 
the entire cost of n "great image of I 
latten," lying on the tomli, which 
William Austen, citizen and founder, 
of London, conlractrd to cost and 
make for x/i. atid Martholomew Lani- 
bcspring, Dutchman, tuid goldsmith of j 
Londun, agreed to gild, burnish, nod l 
poli!«h, for a auui not exactly defined. I 
but conBJdcrahly above the c«>»t ofj 
founding the hlatue. Who the i.rul(«. _ 
lor wa» whu druigucd and finished | 
till- eflicy, and what he wai paid, i»j 
I Obi tn ublivioii. 



163a] 



Review.—NicIioIs's Beaucfiamp Monuments. 



tliA 



wide ; diril 



Another valunTite appendix isncatJi- 
lugur of tliP successive gencrnttons of 
tbc Earls of Warwick, drawn in n 
chr- ' ■ <, with a statpmenl 

of I I lulture and existing 

iiiiiifin> I iM», though a simple 
obviouf arrangement, wc believe 
oot been done before ; and it 
Id bt so useful if applied to the 
it of the ancient peerage, that wc 
«Iiall extract >l, in order to make the 
piaii more generally ktiovrn -. 

" SfriH t^ tht Htnutu qf Dtamchawp, 
fitrille, end Planiaijtnet , Eartt (j/' 
M'tnrv/r*. w(7A the placet t^f ihfir 
irfialtiirr antl moniimeittii. (Ttie (lomnn 
fiip>rr» tlvuote the GeneratioDa.) 

:.nrap,lhe rtrst of 
i:V; died \2(i», 
1 1.11 •> ehureli, Wor- 
Countcss, siller niul 
iliuUuit, Earl of War- 
buried in Cokehill nun- 
iMTT, Wnrt^Htershire. 

" II, William de Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwick : died l"2S8, hurierl at the Grey 
Fri- " ner. Matilda (Fitz Gefl- 

r*"! VS6! died i:iOl, buried in 

the - . . ... is' church, Worcester. 

••111. tivj de Ueauchanip, Earl of War- 

wiek ; died I'tlo; buried at liordesley 

Abbrj, ro. Woreesier. Alicia (Tony) his 

('ountcAK fremarried to Willium ile la 

f "" . r, buried at Tewkei- 

.(1 secondly Aiinnor, 

L , uf Gloucester, widow 

d the Second's favourite Hugh 
Dcapnwr) ; she died 132.'i. 

" IV. TLoroas de Beauchamp, Earl of 
Warwirlc. K.G.; died I.JO!*, buried in St. 
Mlly'* churih, Wiirwiik. (MuHiimrnl in 
Plal^M I, and II.} Kalhiiriiir Miiiliiin-r) 
hi* CiMcif-^ .i;..| l.i(J!J; buried with 
hrrhu»l tin Plate I.) 

'•IV.> iii.-hariip,K.G. younger 
brother U> lutrl Tluimna ; died i:Jb'0; 
buried »t St. I'nnt'o ixlhedral. London. 
fEO' ■ " 'ite'ii St. Paiil'tj 
imp (eldest tion 
»t l^.. i , ijjl; buried at 




liopa (1 
Mirvivrd him. nn<l look an <inth of per- 
petiud rhnsfity. ( liraxx fi/alt iti AW/oa 
cftnrch, Hnffnlk ; eiigravril in Cotmani't 
Suffolk JirtuneK.iJ 

" V. Thomas de Beaufdinmp, Earl of 
Warwick, K.G. died I4t)l ; buried in 8l. 
Mary's, Warwick. (Brann FHi/iire in Plate 
II/.J Marijaret (Ferrar*) liis wife, died 
Uuti ; buried in St. Mary's, Warwick. 
(Fiywe IB tame Plate.) 

"VI. Richard Eaki- or Warwick, 
K.G. Regent of France, died I4.1P; 
buried in the centre of the Bcaucliamp 
Chapel, wliich was erected for that pur. 
pose, and the subject of the beautiful 
Effir/y in Plate:) IV. and V. EUzabeth 
(Berkeley) hiij first Countess; buried ut 
Kiiigswood Abbey, Gloucestershire.^ Isa- 
bella (Despenser) his second Counten ; 
died 143!}; buried at Tewkesbury. (Monu- 
mental Chapel in Plate VTI.J 

" VII, Henry Beauchamp, Duke of War- 
wick ; died 144G ; buried at Tewkesbury 
(no monument). Cecily (Neville) his 
Duchess; died I4.'i0; buried at Tewkea* 
bury (no monnment). 

" Vlll. Anne their only daughter, died 
1449, aged 6 ; baried at Reading abbey. $ 

" VII. Anne (Beauchamp) Countess of 
Salisbury .nnd Warwick, sister and hetre«i 
to Duke Henry; died 14.. Richard 
Neville, Earl of Salisbury and Warwick, 
K.G. ber husband ; sUin at Barnet Aeld 
1470. 

" VIII. I«abcl1a(NevilIc1 their daughter 
and heiress, Duchess of Clarence ; died 
147(>; buried at Tewkesbury (no monu. 
ment). George I'lantagcnet, Duke of 
Clftrcnee, K.G. Earl of Warwick iu right 
of his wife, murdered in Ihe Tower 1477 ; 
buried ut Tewkesbury (no in(mumcnt). 

" IX. Edward Plantngenet, Earl of War- 
wick ; beheaded I4!)!> (being the Inst mule 
of that royal bouse) : buried at Bishnm 
abbey, Berks. 

" TVic Family of Durllep, Earlt of fToi'- 
leicit, Leicexter, i(C. 

" 1. John Dudley, Duke of Northum- 
Ijerland, and Earl iif Warwick, K.G. ; lie- 
headed l-'ij^ ; buried at St. Peter's 



4 

• 



• There wa* a monument for biin then', with " his sUtue on it finely carved, and 
01*1 hU hnrn.-*" n ■urrost of arms " (DuK<l.tle), licnring this inscription — " Icy gist 
!„,,, i " ■ :,ip, cinne lieux de tres noble ct puissant home mon- 

*, (1, conte dr; Warrcwyke. Mnveschal d'EnRlrlcrre, qui 

lit ,, , . : ,, . ..i.j jour d'Averill. Priei pur Tame dc U." 

\vitl iierceive we have added this monument; of which, it 

V tnml>c of miirble be erected in the Abbey of Km<{«wood, 
,, grave of Elizabeth my first wife."— Will of the Earl. 
i Ucu'^ 'N " ir.! lu William de U Pole, Earl of Suffolk, she died a\ hva tnaaw ^l 



Uarpe&dcn, in UcrtforJjdIiifr, 




Review. — Keigbtley's ffhtafj/ of England. 



[July, 



i! will 

■ self 



I 



chapel, Tower of I^ondon. Jnue (Guil- 
ford) his t)iiehrs!t t died 1 5.*i.S ; burird at 
Chcis«s, MiddU'srx ; imiriunu-nt llicrc, 
with a small bl-itsx jilati- rcJiiMeiiliiig lirr- 
seir Mild lour d.iui;hU-rs ; niiutlit^r ivhii:h 
reprcaimted her husband mid eom liciiig 
(Engrnred in FautiinT'x Chrhea.) 

«• II. Ainhiose Diidli'y, RnrI of War- 
Mclc, KM.; died iri^b"; eflficty in the 
Beaui-ham]) Chapel (dnrribed hffitrt), 
Anne, Whorwood, his first wife. Eliza- 
beth Tailboys, his second vrife. Anne 
Rusi!<-ll, his ihird ^^ill■', married I.Sb'i'i ; 
died l(i04 ; effigy at C'lienies, Bucks. 

"11. Robert Dudley, EiH of I^iceatcr. 
K.G. ; died I.W«; t\\\%\- in the Besu- 
cluimp Chapel CJe-t^bed tnj). 2\J. Amy 
Roboart, hi* first wife ; died l.*! — , buried 
at Cutnnor, Berkshire (no monument). 
Lettiee KnoUcs (dowager Countess of 
E.1IU-X), his •lei'ond xvife ; died 1G;i4; effi- 
gy in the Henuehnmp f'hiipel. 

" in. Robert I-ord Denbigh, his only 
legitimate *(>\\ ; died l.'>8-4 ; effigy In the 
Beauchamp Chapel. 

" III. Sir Rolu-rt Dudley, base eon of 
the Earl of Leieestor, by Dnuglaii dowa- 
ger Lady Sheffield ; created a Duke by the 
Emperor Ferdinand II. and slyled Uuke 
of Northumberland ; died l(i."»0, and 
buried at Florence. AUee Leigh his wife, 
created Duthe<s Dudley, by Charles II. 
inl6(>e; died Ititil), aged <)0; buried in 
StonetrJgh chureh, co. Warwick, (liffii/y 
thtre, eni/rated in Dttgdtile't Warviek- 
thire.) 

" Their children • — 

" IV. Liidy Ali<in Dudl.y, died |li'»l ; 
buried at Stoneleigh. (Rffiyg irifh Aw 
mttiher't.) 

"IV. Lady KalhaHncwifeofSirnicbard 
I.evcf<OM, K.B. ; died lOTI. buried iit 
Trenlham, StalTnrdMhlre. (Tabltl in the 
BeattehaiAp Cfinpel.) 

" IV. Laily Frrince.*. wife of .Sir Clilbert 
lCn3n?elon, of Mcrca^tou, co. Derby, Bart. 

'* IV. Lady Aune, wife of Sir Robert 
Holborae." 

It will now be secti that tlii.s publi- 
cntion is not only to be viewed in the 
liKht of B guide to the Beauchamp 
(Jnapel, but as a work replete with 
antiquarian informution. It is highly 
Creditable to the author to have givcii 
£0 much valuable matter in the coin- 
posB of forty pages : and much is it 
to ' ~ — ' 1 that etcry structure of 
■ - I re may receive an equally 

abii ...,.i;i>o. 



Hittury n/ Kuj/huil, vol, I , Ry Thoouu 
Kcightlcy. iSfuo. 
IT 19 of importance to the ititfrf»t» 
of literature to have comjicndiou» >iim- 



maries and abridgments of its g^reat 
and valuable works. Tho learned will 
use llicm as aytiopticftl tables n( re- 
ference ; the common rc.vleis will find 
in them a? much ns they desire to 
know, perhaps us much a's they can in- 
vestigate with advantage. The Greek.i 
and Romans, our masters of the his- 
toric style, had numerous abridgmcota 
of their larger works ; and several 
very judicious and elegant coronen- 
diums remain, bringing with tnem 
the additional advantage of their 
being representatives of great origi- 
nal histories that have |ierished. In 
our uwQ country, though we abound 
in most curious and useful histories, 
from Ikde and the Saxon Chroniclers 
downwards to the present day ; and 
though we have many original works 
of great iriti'lligence and research, yet 
we have been sadly deficient in uhurter 
and mure succinct relations : many of 
the books of this kind used in schcKjIs 
and seminaries, bearing a> much re- 
semblance to real histories, as a daub 
upon a jupnn lea-board does to the 
inspired creations of a Claude or L'a- 
racci. But granting that we possessed 
such a work composed half a century 
<iince. and supposing also that it |>08- 
aesscd the required merits and quali- 
fications to recommend it. — it must 
every day be falling back and becom- 
ing less and less useful, as the stores 
of historical knawle<ige nre every day 
receiving fresh accessions, and ns new 
facts must materially alTect the npi. 
nions that were formed, and the cnn- 
ciusions that were previously drawn. 
Since the days of Goldsmith the acces- 
sion to the stores uf history from the 
fuhlication of State Records, Family 
'apers. Memoir*!, l^etters, to say 
nothing of large and lubnrious historivA 
like those of Henry, l.aing. Turner, 
and Lingard, htm been far greater Ihnn 
at any previous time ; and without the 
additional knowledge which they have 
imparted, and tlie views they have 
Bugji • ' ' ' ., of our 

con \ would 

he ii.-.-v ,„,,..,.,, >. I .,, '■■•Ttum 

Mr. Kcightley has no a or 

rntlur 1, ill til,' :ii t of bU, , i^, , Jiiid 

wr . tine to whom we 

coil ly '. 'loiniit »u hon- 

ourabLe and n ta«k, 

wlictbcr wc CI. lal abili- 

ty with which his piwiuu* works nn 



1838.1 



Rsnxw. — Keigbtley'fl Hwtory of England. 



65 



execDted, his diligence in collecting 
materials, and his judgment and in- 
tegrity in using them. We do not 
know' who first said " that an historian 
should be of no party ;" but whoever 
he was, we neither envy the originality 
of his observation, nor agree in its 
propriety and truth. He who is of no 
party has formed no opinion, and 
whoever has himself not formed any 
judgment on the great points of im- 
portance that have come before him ; 
on the motives, the influence, and the 
consequences of human conduct, on 
the principles by which men have 
been guided, and the ends they have 
desir^ to attain, would be but a blind 
and sorry guide through the varied 
field of historical information. Facts 
•re of no value, but as they furnish the 
materials of opinions ; what we want 
in a historian is, that he should 
represent the circumstances he engages 
to narrate with veracity, collect them 
with care and circumspection, and 
comment on them with temperance, 
and without any fraudulent and so- 
phistical perversion. With such pro- 
visoes, let him hold what opinions he 
may, it matters not, for the cause of 
truth will advance, and the great and 
useful purposes of history will be ful- 
filled. We have read Mr. Keightley's 
volume, and we pronounce it to be 
eminently the best, we almost mean 
to say, toe only compendious History 
of England that is extant The author 
has availed himself of the labours of 
all his predecessors, and we see little 
that has escaped his observation. His 
reflections are candid, sensible, and 
judicious ; his sentiments on contro- 
verted points expressed with that pro- 
priety and moderation which alone 
command respect and attention; his 
style is clear, plain, and suitable to 
the subject : and we think that a just 
and sound coiuHtutional feeling per- 
vades the work. All wc have to ob- 
serve on particular points are most 
trifling indeed. 

P. 125. For Famham in Suflblk, 
we believe the author ought to have 
written Fornham St. Genevieve, near 
Bury St. Edmnnd's. There is no place 
called Faroham in the county. 

P. 330. "We are told of a dilemma 

nied by the Chancellor Morton on 

this occasion, which some called his 

fwh, odiCir* hia erm/cA." Here Mr. 

Ommt. Mag. Vol. X. 



Keightley has followed Hume and 
others in an error arising from igno- 
rance of an obsolete expression. Crutch 
is not the proper word, but crotch, 
which is a fork, and is used in the 
eastern counties universally in the 
present day ; — a crotch stick, a crotch 
branch of a tree, the crotch of the 
human body, are words of daily and 
hourly occurrence. We have seen 
this mistake in many histories copied 
one from another, and it is as well to 
put an end to it. We do not know the 
original book from which the phrase is 
taken ; but there crotch and not crutch 
will undoubtedly be found. Those 
writers who used the old word, used 
crotch: those who adopted the late 
form of expression substituted fori, 
but they meant one and the same 
thing. 

P. 413. "He now openly aimed at 
the Queen." This was Queen Katha- 
rine Parr : but Mr. Keightley has not 
previously mentioned her name or 
marriage, and the reader is at loss to 
know to whom he alludes. 

P. 449> " A more humane and en- 
lightened historian," Why not give 
his name ? 

P. 465. We are glad to see Mr. 
Keightley summing up the character 
of Gardiner with more candour and far 
better judgment than most of his pre- 
decessors. There was much (not 
something) in his conduct to respect. 

P. 512. We do not quite approve the 
idiom in the sentence, "but liberty was 
offered to her if she would resign her 
crown, or associate her son with her 
in the government, Murray to have the 
regency during the prince's minority." 

P. 515. "On the moral virtues of 
the regent," the less said the better : 
he himself, in his last hours, confessed 
and lamented the great looseness of 
his life. 

P. 557. " The Queen animated her 
aoldieri," &c. There is reason to 
suppose that the English soldiers, 
mostly raw levies, would have been 
totally unequal to the desperate con- 
flict that would have ensued with 
the veteran legions of the Prince of 
Parma and of Spain. And it was the 
strong confidence in their own tnilitmy 
superiority that made the Spaniards 
approach our shores with all uxelx^i^- 
pared inaigDia of \\ct0T7. TVvu'b ^Sto 
storm that dispersed VYic KxmaAv^ "^Vb 



Tut. Camdkn Society.— WesfomrJon o/Edmrd IV. [July. 



indeed providential ; for who could as- 
nign a Itmil to lliedianstcrswliich would 
have ensued, had llit'bc exf>«rit'nced 
nnd warlike troops once landed, under 
the conimand of their brave and skilful 
leaders. 



Hitlorie of the Arriinll nf F.dward JV. 
in Kni/Uiiid and the FintiU lieco- 
iierye of his Kiut/domrt from Ilfitry 
VI. A. D. M.CCCC.LXXI. Kdi- 
ied by John Bruce. Esq. F.S.A. 
[Hring thf first jnihlication of thv 
Ciinden Society.] Small 4to. 

THE formation of the Camden So- 
ciety, which we announced in our 
Magazine for April, p. 407. haa been 
attended with such happy auspices — 
the list of its members hn3 (illrd so 
rapidly, and at the same time with so 
many dislinguishcd names, that its 
present success and its powers of use- 
fulness need no longer be doubted ; 
nnd all that can be wanting to its en- 
tire and permanent prosperity, is a 
judicious selection and a well-sustain- 
ed succession of interesting works, to 
support ns nearly as possible the ex- 
pectations to which its early anoounce- 
mcnts have given birth. 

The first publication of the Society 
is a short but very important histo- 
rical narrative, relating to one of the 
most critical periods that occurred 
during the struggles of York and Lan- 
caster. The editor, in some intro- 
ductory observations, has discussed 
its merits, and pointed out its value, 
in a most judicious and satisfactory 
manner. After noticing that the five 
principal historical authorities for the 
period under consideration oie the 
Second Continuation of the history of 
Croyland. the chronicler Knbyan, an 
anonymous writer in Leland's Collec- 
tanea, Polydore Vergil, and Philip de 
Coroines, whose various (|ua!ities lie 
describes, Mr. iimcc proceeds to re- 
mark:— 

" The jire«ent narrafive bits higher 
rlnims to nuthority Ihnn nny of those I 
haTc noticed, It was wiitteu upon iKe 
iijtot ; immrdintoly itftrr rtic rvrnts to 
wliicli it trlntr.* ; by mi< \>i<»- 

BCHIIfd ilf full IIICAIIM ■>!' . iin<| 

it •v-ll 1 Ii-' •' >■ ■ "•••I 



■u n ; 

ciUtrr tfiittutitvd livm parttaan* ut ' ihv 



adverse faction/ or were written after 
the subsequent tnnmph of llir Koiue of 
Lancaster, when it woulil nof hove bcrn 
prudent — jjerhnjis not snfc — to putilikh 
any thing which tcndetl tn relieve the 
Yorkists from the weight of populur 
odium which attached to the real or sup- 
posed urimrs of their l«'n<ier». We h»vc 
here an authorised rc-lnlion put forth by 
the Yorkists themi^elves, ami (pvinj; their 
ow^n account of the events upon which 
many of the heavy charges brought against 
their ' house ' have been founded. 

" The author says of himself, that he 
was a servant of Edward the Fourth, and 
that he 'vr •' -„v in elTcft a great 
parte of 1 -, and the rcsydcwe 

knew bj t . u of them that were 

present at every tyme;' — fp. 1.) and 
these assertions arc corroborated, not 
merely by the narrative itself, which 
poiisesses all the eharaeterisrics of n re- 
lation of an eye-witness, but in a sin- 
gular manner also by a communication 
made to the Society of Antiquaries in the 
year 1«30." 

The document here nlluded to is 
pre9er\'ed in the records of the town 
of Ghent, and there is no doubt that 
it is a copy of the communication 
transmitted by King Edward himself 
to his friends on the Continent, and 
that communication proves to be an 
abridgment (though " lifeless, unin- 
teresting, and almost useless for his- 
torical purposes") of the more impor- 
tant work now published. 

" If we inquire further whether its con- 
tents be of sufiicicnt im|)Ortttnce to jus- 
tify its publication, the result will lie 
most satisfactory. Tht; events to which 
it rclitcs have few jmrallels in hintory. 
A fugitive and nn exile, Edwar«l IV. it 
the eomincncemcnt of the year 1471, 
seemed t<j have lost nil present ihance at 
resloratiuii. Tlie ini'- • il^'v i,f iho nrtu.il 
monarch was ninply '1 by the 

vigour of thu Earl i>l ' 'I'e prin- 

cipal Regent, n noblL'uittn whose import* 
nnee bnib pnrti"? in llie utate had by 
turn i 'te. 

lilHl 111- 

eiciki ..1 1. .. iiirh 

he \va^ prxjiareJ to ilrOnd Ihp thnm« he 
had raised. The inhabitants of the eiwt. 
efn lon-il, fn>TO the Thame* to thij bor- 
der* i»f SciftUnd, wefii rni«e<l nnd arrwyrd 
to iipiiofc any 1 ''nko 

of ( l.irencr, <•>■ ri, 

■- • 1 1 ' liy 

ni 

Mdk 

in the rrifoncy, by • uiarrugu *t»th War. 



1838.1 



Rsvisw.'^Rettoration of Edward IV* 



67 



wick'i dder daughter, and by a parlia- 
mentary entailment of the crown upon 
him, in exclusion of his elder brother, in 
case of fulore of the descendants of 
Henry VI. ; and the new order of things 
was farther strengthened, and the three 
great families of Lancaster, York, and 
NeriOe bound together, as it were, with 
a triple cord, by the union of the Prince 
of Wales with Warwick's younger daagh> 
ter, the sister of the Duchess of Cla- 
rence. Nor was there wanting that 
fnily sore foundation for the throne — 
the affection of the great majority of 
the people. The simplicity and meek 
piehr of Henry; the generous hospitality 
of Warwick; the hard fortunes of the 
youthful Prince of Wales; the licen- 
tiousness of Edward the Fourth's life; 
his undignified marriage; and the un- 
popularity of his friend Worcester, ' the 
butcher of England;' all these circum- 
•tanoes, operating upon irarious classes of 
the community, produced a wide- spread 
feeling in favour of the cause of Henry 
VI. 

" The aspect of affairs upon the Con- 
tinent seemed equally encouraging to the 
House of Lancaster. The Di^e of Bur- 
gundy, the only prince to whom Edward 
could look for support, was little likely 
to enter warmly into his cause ; for, al- 
though married to his sister, he was con- 
nect^ by relationship with Henry VI. 
and was invoWed in a war with France, 
which would become doubly perilous if, 
upon any opposition to the Lancastrian 
party, the influence of England were 
thrown into the scale against him. 

" Whilst CTcry thing seemed thus se- 
cure and prosperous, Queen Margaret 
and the Prince of Wales prepared to pass 
into EngLind. Warwick went to the sea 
coast to receive them ; and, if they had 
landed at that time, their progress to the 
capital would hare resembled a triumph. 
Detained on the coast of Normandy from 
February until April by the unusual bois- 
terousness of the weather, they at length, 
with some difficulty, secured a landing 
at Weymouth ; and what were the tidings 
with which they were greeted? That, 
amidst the temjiests by which they had 
been detained, Edward and a small band 
of followers had landed in the north 
among6t a people up in arms to oppose 
him, but whom he had deceived by false 
representations of the purpose of his 
coming ; that ho had obtained possession 
of the metropolis and of the person of 
the King; that Clarence — 'false, lleet- 
ing, perjured Clarence ' — had deserted the 
cause of Lancaster; that a great battle 
had been fou{^t ; and that Warwick, the 
centre of all their hopes, bad beta de. 
fttM tad kUkd," 



From the battle of Baroct, at which 
the King-maker closed his versatile 
career, the narrative continues, de- 
scribing the decisive field of Tewkes- 
bury, the assault of the bastard Faucon- 
berg upon Loudon, and the death of 
the deposed King Henry, concluding 
three days after his death with the re- 
ception to King Edward's mercy of 
the rebels in Kent. This was on the 
26th of May, and the narrative com- 
prehends altogether a period of nearly 
three months. 

Edward had first sailed from Flush- 
ing on the 2d of March, and after a 
perilous passage of twelve days, at 
length landed with a handful of fol- 
lowers at Ravensparn, on the north 
bank of theHumber, "even in thesame 
place where sometime the Usurpowr 
Henry of Derby, aftar called Kyugc 
Henry the IV. landed, after his exile, 
contrary and to the disobeysancc of his 
sovcreigne lorde Kynge Richard the 
II." A gentleman of Holdernesa, 
named Martin at Sea, or De la Mere,* 
was at the head of the armed forces of 
the district, in the name of King 
Henry, but he failed to make any re- 
sistance, in consequence, as is acknow- 
ledged by this Yorkist historian, of 
Edward and his followers deceptively 
concealing his purpose of recovering 
the throne, and asserting that he 
merely came to claim his hereditary 
dukedom of York. On similar grounds, 
the citizens of York and others per- 
mitted the invader to pass : the Mar- 
quis of Montacute, then lying in the 
castle of Pomfret, did the same, being 
even supposed to be secretly favourable 
to the cause of Edward, though he 
was the brother of the Earl of War- 
wick, and shoi-tly after slain with him 
at Barnet : and what is said of the 
tenants of the Earl of Northumber- 
land, is particularly curious as illus- 
trative of the feudal dcpcndaoce of the 
times : 

" Grete partye of [the] noble men and 
comons in thos parties were towards 
th'crle of Northumbarlond, and would 
not stire with any lorde or noble man 
other than with the sayde Earle, or at 
luaste by his commandement. And, for 



* We may remark that in Thompson's 
Ocellum Promontorium is an engraving uf 
a monument in a neighbouring church, as- 
cribed to this in<tivldual,\>ut\.YL« «t3V6Q\V(,\ 
arviiitcctarc U in rea^tj q1 uM^Vuex ^^« 



liK-viRVf.—Reitoration of Edmrvt IV. 



[July> 



mache n he sat 

liat jff the :\T 



iilill, in «uchc wise 

olile have done bis 

«ine« to bkd them in any 

r qp.ii liar for liis love, 

they bare hym non, iie for any 
dement of higher auctoritie, tbey 
woldc iu no caw&e, ne qwarell, liavo 
;«iated hjni. Wherein it may right well 
pcrc, that the said Erie, in thia liehalfe, 
fyd the Kynge right gode and notable 
and, tA it is deemed in the con- 
ipts of many men, he cowthe uat har 
me hym any bcter ger^^ce, ne not 
thow|;he he had openly deflarcd hyro sel/e 
lextremly ]t»rtp.takar with the Kynge in 
litis rit: ivU, and, for that cntent, 

J>8vi id assemblyd all the peo- 

ihiii in ii.itiii havo made; for, how b« 
loved the Kynge trewly and parfect- 
_ »« the Kynge thenuf had cerlayne 
Icnowltdge, and wolde, as of hiniflclfe and 
all his power, havo serred hym trwely, 
yet was it demyJ, and lykly it was to be 
irewe, that many gentlemen, and othar, 
■whichc would have be arayaed by hfm, 
wouMe not uo fully and eitrcmly have de- 
termyned ihetn seile in the Kyug's right 
and qwarell as th'erle woUle have done 
hyraielfc, havyiigciri theyrfreshe remem- 
hrauncc, how thot the Kyuse, at the first 
cntrie-winning of his right to the Royme 
" Crowne of Engluiid, had and won a 
t hnltaiie ill those «nme parties*, where 
Maiistar, th'erlls (athar, was slayuc, 
tnnny of theyr futhare, thcyr sonns, theyr 
brilheme, nnd Vynscinen, nod athar many 
of theyr neighbowrs, wherefore, and nat 
■without cAwte, it waa thowghl that they 
cowthe nat haveborneverrcyjfood will, and 
done thcyr best service, to the Kyiice, at 
this tyme, and in this (jiiarell. And ko it 
may be resonably judged that this was a 
noiable good senice, and poliliquely done, 
by th'erle." 

The " great batlaijc " here referred 
to was that fought at Tovrton ; the 
mentioD of which, aod the general sub- 
ject of feudal dependence, leads us to 
notice a remark of Dr. Whitakrr in hin 
History ofCraven. that "I^ord Clifford 
must have heen accompanied to Tow- 
tOD by the (lower of Craven ; yet, 
though one half of the Lanca>trinn 
army was ciit off, I cannnt discover a 
Craven name amon^ the slnin " hoH 
Clifford wa« -' 
battle by «ii ■ 

ami ' M - 

rn:i t -v a!> 

an iiii. > i.iL ■.. iMi \ juni 
iHlion. and the rvtiii nl 

the aumviog followera k,. - , , 

\teiniTv U> cwleboitc \u» ob*c<2uica," 




But is not the circumstance that this 
observant historian has pointed out, 
that the name of no folluwcr of the 
Cliffords occurs in the lists of the 
slain, a presumptive proof that the men 
of Westinerlaud, when they had lost 
their leader, no longer deemed it in- 
cumbent upon them to join the Ijin- 
castrian army, but rather leit it to he 
their duty to carry homewards the 
remains of their departed chief } 

On the tragic deaths of Edward 
Prince of Wales, at Tewkesbury, and 
of King Henry at London, which have 
given rise to such well-known " his- 
toric doubts," and so much consequent 
discussion^ this Yorkist chronicler 
states, 

" Edward, called Prince, w«« taken 
fleingto the townewards and slnyae in the 
fieldc;" 
and of the latter event, 

" The eertnintie of nil whi"' " '"'' " '''"I 
events at Tewkesbury] cniiii- 
ledge of the sayd Henry, lati:' t. - i- , is 
being ia the Tower of London ; not hnv- 
ynge, afore that, knowledge of the said 
raatars, he took it to so great dibpilr, ire, 
and indignation, that, of pure di»ple<iSMro 
and melencoly, he dyed the XJtiij. day of 
the monithe of May." 

Mr. Bruce remarks upoa these aub- 
jccts : — 

" The deaths of the Prince of Walea 
and Heury VJ. are popularly considcmd 
to consilitute deep blots upon the escut- 
cheon of the House of York; nnd, al- 
though the acutencsB of some modern 
writers ha« a little shaken the general 
faith in the jnstice of the ihnre in thme 
deaths attributed to (' '' ' ' ' lu- 
center, it has uotnt uli '*t 

universal beliel' 'i'' • ■ f# 

murdered — audi "• 

strumenfalitv of I >>f 

York. • ' • 



• • la 

Iwvp tiroTieht tnirrther »li«i 



but. 

<wr. 



^^ itii 
curioua 



i.d 
^>ll 

b« 
!)(.tin- 

. the 

:l*t 

'tit 

1 a 



try, if aot by uobluvhiog miutitr, U • 



1S3S.] RBViEW.—BMWOrtlf's AHglo-Ston Dictionary. 



siogalar eiample of the deep and gross 
auperstitioa of the times : — 

" On the Satarday, the Kynge [Ed- 
ward] , with all his hooste, Game to a towne 
called Daventre, where ^e Kynge, with 
grcate derocion, hard all divine service 
upon the vome, Palme-Sonday, in the 
parishe «^nrche, wher God, and Seint 
Anne, shewyd a favre miracle ; a goode 
pronostiqne of good aventnre that after 
■hnid benll nnto the Kynge bj the hand 
of Grod, and mediation of that holy matron 
Sejfnt Anne. For, so it was, that, afore 
that tyme, the Kynge, beinge out of his 
realme, in great trowble, Uiowght, and 
herines, for the infortwne and adversitie 
that was fallen hym, full often, and spe- 
cially upon the sea, he prayed to God, owr 
Lady, and Seint George, and, amonges 
otbar saynts, he specially prayed Seint 
Anne to helpe hym, where that he pro- 
mysed, that, at the next tyme that it 
ahold hape hym to se any ymage of Seint 
Anne, he shuld therto make his prayers, 
and gyve his offeringe, in the honor and 
wor^ipe of that blessyd Saynte. So it 
fell, that, the same Palme Sonday, the 
Kynge went in procession, and ail the 
people aftar, in goode devotion, as Uie 
service of that daye asVethe, and, whan 
the proceasyon was comen into the churche, 
and, by order of the service, were comen 
to that place where the vale shalbe drawnc 
up afore the Roode, that all the people 
shall honor the Roode, with the anthem. 
Are, three tymes begon, in a pillar of the 
chnrche, directly afome the place where 
the Kynge knelyd, and devowtly honoryd 
the Roode, was a lytic ymage of Seint Anne, 
made of alleblastar, standynge fixed to the 
]nller, closed and clasped togethars with 
fonr hordes, small, payntyd,and gowynge 
rownd ahowt the image, in manar of a 
compas, lyke as it is to see comonly, and 
all abowt, where as snche ymages be wont 
to be made for to be solde and set up in 
churches, chapells, crosses, and oratories, 
in many placis. And this ymage was thus 
shett, closed, and clasped, accordynge to 
the miles that, in all the chnrcUs of 
England, be observyd, all ymages to be 
hid from Ashe Wednesday to Estarday in 
the momynge. And so the sayd ymage 
had bene from Ashwensday to that tyme. 
And even sodaynly, at that season of the 
service, the boras compassynge the ymage 
about gave a great crak, and a little 
openyd, whiche the Kynge well per- 
ceyved and all the people about hym. 
And anon, aftar, the hords drewe and 
closed togethars agayne, withowt any mans 
hand, or tonchinge, and, as thowghe it 
had bene a diinae done with a violence, 
with a gretar night it openyd all abrod, 
■ad 10 the ynufe stod^ opea and diMCO- 



vert, insyghtof all the people there beynga' 
The Kynge, this scinge, thanked and ho* 
noryd God, and Seint Anne, takynge it 
for a good signe, and token of good and 
prosperous aventnre that God wdd send 
hym in that he had to do, and, remem- 
bringe his promyse, he honoryd God, and 
Seint Anne, in that same place, and gave 
his olTrings. All thos, also, that were 
present and sawe this worshippyd and 
thanked God and Seint Anne, there, ud 
many offeryd ; takyng of this signe, shewed 
by the power of God, good hope of theyr 
good spede for to come." 

We shall only farther give oar opi- 
nion, and we cannot express it better 
than in the Editor's own words, that 

" The interest which attaches to the 
persons and situations of the chief actors 
in these events; the controversies to 
which the events themselves have given 
rise ; the picture they present of the state 
of moral degradation to which the Baglifh 
people were reduced by the long ciril 
war, — to which alone Edward's rapid 
recovery of the throne and the success of 
the deceptions and crimes by which it 
was accompanied are to be attributed, — ' 
are quite sufficient to justify the addition 
to our historical authorities of a writer 
whose means of information were more 
ample, and whose narrative is anterior in 
date to any that we possess." 



A Dictionary of the Anglo-Saxon Lan- 
guage, containing the Accentuation, 
the Grammatical Itiflexiont, the Irre- 
gular tVorda, 8fc. S(c. with a Preface 
on the Origin and Connexion of the 
Germanic Tongue$, a Map of Lan- 
guage; and the EtientiaU of Anglo- 
Saxon Grammar. By the Rev. J. 
Bosworth, LL.D. Royal 8vo. Long- 
man. 1838. ;)/).ccviii + 722. 
WE are very glad to see that, at 
last, the great difficulty which lay in 
the way of a more general study of the 
Anglo-Saxon language is cleared up 
by the appearance of a portable and 
useful dictinnary. The volume we have 
now before us is, we believe, the work 
of many years, during which Dr. Bos- 
worth has been most industriously col- 
lecting together and incorporating not 
only all that has been done before, but 



I 



he has also added much from his own 
collections, and from the private col- 
lections of his friends. All the old dic- 
tionaries, of which there are oul^ otte ot 
two, are so incomplete u to b&^ '<(«n 
little use to echolatB va tke Vu^gsuMiit, 



I 

* 



70 



Review.— iy»7;.»/feW, and the Old Oak Chair. 




* 



* 



Dot to Bpeatc of their great rarity, with 
the excrplionof thcexpcnsiveandcuni- 
bcrBomc dictionary by Lye and Man- 
ning, which also is not without nume- 
rous defects. Dr, Boaworth's diction- 
ary, at a very moderate price, and in a 
must convenient form, contain:^ ail tliat 
is requisite in the former dictionaries, 
not excepting Lye's ; and we should 
judge, by the hasty examination which 
we have yet been able to bestow upon 
it, nearly twice as many words. 

To his Dictionar)', Dr. Bosworth hai 
prefixed a long introduction of upwards 
of two hundred closely-printed pages, 
on the different branches of the Ger- 
manic tribe of languages, in which 
there is very much curious and valu- 
able matter brought together, which, 
from being spread over many expen- 
sive volumes in our own country, or 
contained in rare volumes in foreign 
languages, is otherwise inaccessible to 
the general reader, besides much that 
is entirely new. What is also of great 
utility, he gives the history of each 
language, with lists of the works 
wrillcn in it at different periods or in 
different dialects, and of the books 
which treat upon it. Thus, under the 
head of Anglo-Saxon, wc have spe- 
cimens of the chief English provin- 
cial dialects, with a copious list of 
books which have been published con- 
cerning them. The long trcaliae on the 
Friesic language, and its comparison 
with ihe Anglo-Saxon, by the author's 
friend Mr. Halbertsma, is exceedingly 
curious and valuable. There is strong 
reason for supposing tliat a portion of 
our An e:lo- Saxon forefathers, and par- 
ticularly the men of Kent, came from 
Frieslind, and on this account it is 
very desirable to know jonicthing of 
the Old Kentish dialect. Fortunately 
there is in the British Museum a MS. 
of the fourteenth century written in it, 
and we hope that before long it will be 
published. 

The account of the Frie?ic tongue is 
followed by that of the rest of the Low 
German languages; the Old-Sa.\un. in 
which was written, in the carlv part 
of the ninth century, the lieliivnd, nnd 
at a later period the famous poem of 
ilciiu'ku Vos (Kovnard the Foi) ; and 
tlu- Dutch, in all' n f ; 

ronioa the Gothic. 

Lhrunwt with m. ..; iiuumuu; 



literary productions and its different 
dialects. 

This part of the introdnction closes 
with the chapter on the Scandinavian 
family, the Icelandic, the Old Danii^h, 
the Swedish, &c., and is followed by 
some chapters on general philology. A 
second introduction contains the essen- 
tials of Anglo-Saxon Grammar, with 
an outline of the systems of Rask and 
Grimm. 

At the end of the volume are some 
very valuable indexes. On the whole, 
we recommend this Dictionary strongly, 
and we hope and trust that there will 
soon be a call for a second edition. 
We ought to mention that, in order to 
make it as accessible as possible, the 
Dictionary may be had without the firot 
Tntroducliun, at only one half the jiricc 
of the whole. 



Lympujirld mid its Eiiviroiui, and the 
oil Oak L'/iuir. George, Wtster. 
ham. 8 to. 

THIS is a series of views of inte- 
resting objects in the vicinity of a 
Kentish village, accompanied with 
brief but tasteful descriptions. Its 
original was a MS. illustrated with 
drawings, contributed to a fancy fair 
held by the ladies of Lympsfield in 
1632} this pleasing volume was pur- 
chased by the late Samuel Welch, esq. 
of Donsdale; upon whose death, as it 
was likely to leave the neighbourhood, 
the bookseller of Westerham obtained 
permission to multiply and publish 
the cnpies, of which one is now before 
us, llic drawings, now printed in 
lithography, are chiefly representa- 
tions of the residences of the neigh- 
bouring gentry ; and the subjcctn arc, 
Dunsdale, Lyinpaficid village, TitAcy 
Place (once the scat of n branch ot 
the Grcshrvms, those Barinss of on 
elder dayi. Sijuerries, L'hnrt's Fdtjc, 
Barrow-Green House, Tan- : v. 

Rook's Nest, Tenchlcy's, . ,.-.. 

field church. In his notice ul tlutt'e 
Edge, the writer speaks witli extra- 
ordinary freedom of the pur»tut6 of 
" Mr^ Aoti'iuary Sli-ealftild." a li- 



1838.] B.Krn\if.^L^ftfleld, and the Old Oak Chair. 

" erection of r Gothic wing at Chart's 
Edge, designed to contain the works 
of literatare and art which its owner 
has accumulated beyond the means 
of accommodation in his present li- 
brary," than in the labours of his 
History of Kent We trust, however, 
that he will now have " ample space 
and verge enough" to arrange all his 
valuable materials, and pursue his 
great work without inconvenience. 



71 



" The chief value," it is well remarked 
in the prefaw, " of this little volume will 
consist, not in any statistical or topogra- 
phical information, which it might be 
expected to contain; but in the moral 
and social picture which it gives, of a 
district, rich alike in the beauties of na- 
ture, and in the cultivation, among its 
residents, of those qualities which enhance 
every other attraction, and the absence 
of which nothing could compensate." 

However, we shall quote one of the 
descriptions, as a specimen of the 
playful grace with which they, as well 
as the drawings, are sketched. 

" SacEKKiKs. — The family which af- 
fixed its name to this estate, became ex- 
tinct in the male line in the reign of 
Edward IV. when Margaret Sqnerrie con- 
veyed its inheritance to the Crowmers of 
Tnnstall, in Kent. The next family which 
made it their residence for any length of 
time was that of Beresford, from a younger 
branch of which sprang the Earls of Ty- 
rone, &c. In the convulsed times of the 
Rebellion andRevoIution, it was in the tran- 
sient possession of those of Strode, Lam- 
barde. Leach, Crispe, and Villiers ; and 
probably during the ownership of the lat- 
ter, saw the present noble fabric replace 
the ancient mansion. We say ' probably,' 
for tradition assigns the building to Secre- 
tary Craggs, who does not appear to have 
be«i in possession ; and the arms on Ba- 
deslade's engraved view of it, suggest 
still another family in the rapid succession. 
Of this trick of casting its riders, we arc 
pleased to find it broken :* a branch of 
the old baronial family of Warde, having 
now maintained their scat for upwards of 
a century. The park is dignified by forest 
trees of great age and beauty, and scenery 
unrivalled in any tract of equal magnitude. 
The interior of the house is graced by 
many works of the highest rank in their 



several classes of art. An attraction, 
however, paramount to every other, is 
the picture dispUyed by iU owner of the 
Old English Country Gentleman, moat 
celebrated, perhaps, as a sportsman, but 
by those who know him best, most valued 
for higher qualities." 

With respect to the ballad of " The 
Old Oak Chair," which has no other 
connexion with the other part of the 
volume but identity of authorship, we 
must take leave to transfer it at once 
to our pages, as when it is read, 
neither the composition nor its moral 
vvill stand in need of our commenda- 
tion. We need only premise that it 
is illustrated by four designs by George 
Cruikshank, conceived in his truest 
and happiest manner : 

TRB OLO OAK CRAU. 
I. 

My good sire sat in his Old Oak Chair, 

And the pillow was under his head. 
And he raised his feeble voice, and ne'er 
Will the memory part 
From my living heart 
Of the last few words he said -.—• 



" When I sit no more in this Old Oak 
Chair, 
And the green grass has grown on my 
grave, 
Andlikearmedmen, come Want and Care, 
Know, my boys, that God's curse 
Will but make matters worse 
How little soever you have. 

3. 
" The son that would sit in my Old Oak 
Chair, 
And set foot on his father's spade. 
Must be of his father's spirit heir. 
And know that God's blessing 
Is still the best dressing. 
Whatever improvements arc made." 

4. 
And he sat no more in his Old Osk Chair, 

And a scape-thrift laid his hand 
On his father's plough, and he cursed the 
air, 
And he cursed the soil. 
For be lost his toil ; 
But the fault was not in the land. 



The lands in Berkshire," says Fuller, " are very skittish, and often cast their 
which 1 impute not so much to the unruliness of the beasts as to the un- 
skilfulBess of the ridera." Ihis reference is necessary to vindicate us from tho 
laspatatioa of plagiariia. 



MitctTtamoua Ttnvie 



CJoIy, 



And another sat in his father's cimir, 
And tnlk'd, o'er hi»li<junr, <if Inwi^; 
Of the tyranny here rind the kmr-rrr 
there, 
Till the old bit of oak 
And the drunkard broke ; 
But ibo times n-ere not the cause. 



6, 



But I hnve rcdeeni'd the old rickety chtir, 

And trod in niy fnlhcr'a wiy«: 
UtiVL* turn'J llic furrow with liiimWr 
|jrayer 
To nrofit my neighbourf , 
And prosper my labour* -, 
And hind my ahcaircf with praise. 



I 



I 






Hitiorinl View of the Poor and Va- 
grant Lawitfrom tht earllevt period upon 
record to the pretettt lime. 183B.— A 
pamphlet full of the most ample and 
intcr«;!itiiig information, accompanied with 
views upon the subject which iu our mind 
are truly correct. We disiapprove entirely 
the removing the poor from the local con- 
trol of their own parishes, and the care 
of their own raogittrates, cler^, and oc- 
cupiers of the soil, and pbiciiig them at 
the tender mercy of a paid board of At- 
torneys and Coromitssioners. We depre- 
cate the system which thus destroys all 
attachment to tlirir native places, and 
weakens all respect to their mnstera and 
employers. We disapprove of the substi- 
tution of Union Houses for the Old Paro- 
chial Work-Houses; wedeny the propriety 
of the rule which forbid* nut-of-dimr relief; 
we consider the offer which the New Lnw 
makes to parents to enter their childrcu 
into these Unions as an insult on paren- 
tal feeling and a mockery of the spirit of 
christian charity ; in fact, we argue, that 
ovr legislators had no right to turn round, 
aa they have done, on a people educated 
under one law, with the increased severity 
of another. Should we wanf commenta- 
tors and Interpreters of thin declaration, 
we shall find them, iu the great d'ulrni 
which we can answer lias been brought on 
the most industrious and worthy part of 
our population by iVi ' ' .11 of 

this law. But we 1 fher 

opportunity to cnl:..- _ -..liject, 

and lay our opinions beforo ova readers. 

The Lowly Slntion dignified , n Sermon 
prtfwhfH at SI, James'a on behalf iff the 
liur' Jig the Rev. K. C. 

Cov hoir very acnsiblc and 

fOfL....^ »..<.. »k...>'. ^u the fame subject as 
the lost. 

Relifiota Eduention, a Sermnti preached 

9t CttrHel C*#fN«/, flv Urnrr Melnlle. 

18S«,— A .ucd, 

and BIO!-' r, to 

Whif-'- ' 1. of 

al! ' n- 

ticii! ■'r\. 
Tile author jii- 
tion rt^n hi; 

I <t//iy 



a people, to fiimiah tlmn with variova 
kinds of knowledge, but to leave Ihevt to 
mate a Ihenlogg for thevurhrM, it a far 
teorte thing than the .' them to 

ignorance. I prefer ! 'I savage 

to the well-infonneii 1,,,,.^^ , iie is not 
half so dangerous, und twice as noble. 
Educate on the principle that yon edur»te 
for eternity, deal with children as with 
immortal beings, let the Jlifj!" !»<< the itr»t 
hook in the list of instruct i ' uot 

the ereat vital truths of C'li be 

wcateaed, diminished, or om 

popular vicivi or secuhir . iid 

sooner or later the richest ii : na- 

proved and regenerated people will reward 
the labour." 



II Ti'aduttore Italiano, By A, Cm- 
sella, R,8.G. — This is an instnicti»e and 
amusing cuUcctiun uf cxtrricts frutu the 
cla«sinul prose authors of iLaly, preceded 
by short literary sketches of the dilTen'at 
writers. The selection upp<<ar»i good, and 
the difficult words and idioms arc well 
translated into both the French and En- 
glish languages, which renders it a desir- 
able work for the young Italian scholar. 
By means of the table of contents the 
name of the author of each extract may 
be ascertained; but we should recommend 
M. C'asscUa in his nest edition also to 
attach them to each extract, that the 
young student may be aware whose pifti 
he is reading. 



Mr. Gei/.Leu'it'ii .1 he ManU' 

faetureri on the fttbji ili'in,ifc. 

— A very sensible aw] n«il- writ ten pamph- 
let 00 the importsnoe of instrui'doii Ut 



youth to .'i 
Kills, an>I 


rant 
by 










' irti- 


thr..-.' 

ripl- 

msv 


ihc3 
livi 






u Hi ' 

fh.rp 


in. 

.rU 

!!.C 


value of mntiy b 
turiTis indn'<lrv, 

of 111- ■ 

leii. 


of 


01 

to 


•'■ rr,.- 
rl- 
<re 


mri 
thv: 

inr 






lost 

in 


(jll'L'CL-, .:' 








the dcsrri 




Ic. 



73 



PINE ARTS. 



AKCHinCTUBAL DKAWINOS IX THE 
HOTAL ACADBMT. 

THIS is a portion of the annual exhi- 
bition which baa never received from the 
coandl of the academy the attention 
irtiich the subject* demand: either the 
dcaigDs sent in are deficient in nombera, 
or a want of judgment most have in- 
flneneed the selection of those which are 
exhibited. This fault was Tery ^parent 
in the former gallery ; it is not remedied 
in the present. The room appropriated 
to the architectural drawings is not suffi- 
ciently large to disfday them to advantage, 
and even the brief space which is allotted 
is still incroached upon by another class 
of subjects. 

If any designs have been rtjected. it 
would be a curious speculation to endea- 
vour to ascertain the causes which led to 
such a step ; for among those which are 
exhilHted we notice some which had better 
have been left out — ^puffs for railways, 
which will never be heard of out of the 
shan>market, and the fittings-up of rooms 
by paper-hangersi neither of which de- 
acr^on of designs have any business in 
the exhibition, however oscnil they may 
be as advertisemeats. 

We ^ve priority, both on account of 
it* originality and artist-like character, 
to a fine drawing by Mr. C. R. Cockerell, 
R. A. entitled, 

nil. Dribmie to tie memory of Sir 
Ckrittopher Wren, bemga eolleetion qfhii 
primdpal work*. — The principal, if not all 
the known works of the great master, are 
brought t<>gether and grouped in a pyra- 
midu form with great taste and skill. 
The summit of the eminence is crowned 
with the grand masterpiece of Wren, St. 
Paul's ; on one side, the towers and intend- 
ed spire of Westminster just show them- 
selves; belowthecathedral, Greenwich and 
Chelsea are exhibited as examples of pala- 
tial architecture, and the observatory seen 
in the distance of the domestic class ; the 
vast collection of London spires spring iqp 
in the foreground and middle distance, 
eaeb with its proper elevation, and every 
one distinctly marked in detail ; the in- 
terior of a church or two in section , the Ox- 
ford Theatre, and the dome of the Phy- 
udans' College, are also shown : the en- 
tire composition forming one of the most 
s^ndid architectunil groups imaginable. 
The weQ-lmown epitaph forms an appro- 

etc motto ; and the whole is worti>y of 
deepest regard, not only as a collection 
of toe ardiitactnral ol^ects, but as a just 
tribste to a wonderful exmsise of human 
geains. WJuttwoaldbetbefeeliamofti 
6mkt. Mao. Vol. X. 



stranger to Wren and London when he wit- 
nesses this ag^egation of beautiful objects, 
to be told that the whole were the produc- 
tion of one individual ? — What powers of 
mind must that man have possessed — what 
an inexhaustible fund of imagination must 
have been at hia command ? We hope 
Mr. Cockerell will not omit to engrave 
this design. 

In ecclesiastical architecture, there are 
many subjects ; but the minority do not 
rise above common-place. Of this class 
the following are examples : 

1063. View qf the Catholic Ckurek qf 
St. Edmund at Burp. C. Day. 

1199. The Catholic Church qf St. 
JVonctf Xavier, Broud-ttreet, Hertford. 
C. Day. — A plain unbroken body or nave, 
with a recess on the principal front, in 
which is placed two columns, is the lead- 
ing feature of each design : the first is 
Ionic, the second Doric; both are of 
Grecian architecture. In the second de- 
sign, a cupola peeps above the roof, an ex- 
cessively correct addition to a Grecian 
portico : the cross alone marks the charac- 
ter of the edifice ; remove the sacred sym- 
bol, and the design will suit any other de- 
scription of building for which it may be 
needed — an assembly or auction-room, a 
court house, or a mechanics' institution. 
— Why was not the Pointed style used ? 

1084. The new Church erecting on the 
Tinter-ground for the Meiropolit Church 
fund, by Wyatt and Brandon. — A plain 
structure with a diminutive spire set on a 
square tower. The chief fanlt is an at- 
tempt to produce more than the means 
of the architects allowed. 

1157. New Gothic Church ai approved 
by the Metropolitan Church Commitiion' 
ere, and now commencing in the New 
North Road, I»lington,from the derignt 
and under the tuperintendance qf Meur*. 
W. and H. W. Inwood.—W. Inwood, H. 
W. Inwood, and E. N. Clifton.— An ex- 
ceedingly bald elevation, showing a square 
naked wall for its principal front, in three 
divisions, the centre being carried up to 
form a tower. And what a concentration 
of talent is necessary to raise this pile 1 
We here witness three architects coqjoined 
in building a brick wall : a century ago 
one was deemed sufficient to design and 
execute a cathedral. 

1349. Model qfChritt Church, Alston*, 
now building in theparieh qf Cheltenham. 
R. W. and C. Jerraud.— An attempt at 
Gothic architecture ; a genuine meeting- 
house set off with a stock of pinnadM. 
It would be desirable to know thib vaAa 
bj which joint-stock ptodac&oWvu&it^'- 
tectare are created. Ate Ux« deAC^^^!^'* 



Fine Aria, 



[July. 



I 



ilividaallf the vork of more than one 
hand? Or does the plurality of names 
merely denote n partnership in trnde ? 

lOHS. llenij/n »eleeteJ by the Cotnynit- 
tte for the New Church lo be ertcled 
ON Black fiealh Hill. J. W. Wild.— 
Thi» is n lancet] Gothic church, the 
cut end polypuinl, situated between two 
towers crowned with f-pires ; to he grand, 
such a design should be executed on n 
large scale, nud with a greater depree of 
expense thiin i« likely to bo allowed to n 
church built by i-ub!tcrii)tion. The de- 
sign ia foreign: towers in fiiuU a siiuntion 
nro exceedingly rare in England, nnd the 
ridge ornaments »eeu on the roof are in 
thi« country confined to a solitary ex- 
ample. 

W'Jii. The Kni' Pari»h Church of St. 
Martin , Jktrking, Surrey. W. M . Brookes. 
— One of those structures which seems 
to make the ftntiqnnry the more keenly 
regret the loss of the older church. So 
much of the preceding stracture as exints 
tends to give an ecclenia.stical ap)u-Br»nce 
tn the pile, but the tower and trnoMCpts 
Uc marred by the long ugly body with a 
"itcd roof, which serves n*. the nave. 

1221. Sketch t^f the Roman Catholic 
Church, ftroponetl to te erected iu SI. 
Ge<frije'i Field*, i. Newman. — A cru- 
ciform design in the lancet style, with a 
central tower and spire ; it ajipears to 
possens chorocter in the general design, 
but the sketch docs not show the detail 
sutficiently. 

I'i26'. The ChuTcTijusi erected at Honi- 
Ion, C Fowler. — A Norman design, but 
too lofty in Its proportion.^ : a plain i^pirc 
is intended, but it is not yet completed. 

There ore hut few dc»i^n« iu Grecian ar- 
chitecture ; among which the most im- 
portant are the following : — 

View of the Prinrijiul Front of Down- 
ing t'ullrr/e, Cambridt/f, nvv in Prtiijrrxx. 
W. WilV'ino. U.A. )//•>. /.W/w- 

i/i« Colleye, Mil at ' VV. 

Wilkinx, R.A. — These <li ... .r.^;- ..j.^.tnrto 
be pliicej in juxtn poitition, to show how 
far an r»rri'diiigly comiiion-jilnceil de- 
sign Can l>e varied tn Huit two build- 
ing*, a very jjnouritc pniccsn witli mo- 
dern iiri'liitci-ts, The n.-cond jk the p.T- 
rrnl design ; a long line of front broken 
by (liree portiniex. one in the centre of 
llic di'xign, the others in the wings — 
r(|uidiRtant finm the centre, 'llie same 
Arrangement appears in the Cambridge 
Cnllrsre. e»<'ept fhnt tv.o liicm! (iiirii- 

Hit I t>l ' 111- [>l>l 1 1. -H ^ 

it* right pinre nl llir 
buihlini.'. but nil nil' ] 



side — the common fault of • modem 
Grecian example, 

In street architecture the following de- 
sign is marked with origitialiljr. 

1198. irOyley'n Warthoute, Md, 
Strand, corner of y^ew Wellington Street, 
now re-building. S. Beajtlcy. — TIic style 
of the decorations is that of tlie ngc of 
Loui.<; XIV, npon the whole u bad school 
to follow, but in the presctii instnnce it is 
very well adapted to an extensive shop and 
warehouse. 

IM.M. T7etP IB Albemarle Street of 
the new Front of the Roi/al futtitvtion of 
Great Britain. L. Vulliamy. — A clever 
ndnpfjiiian of the principal elevation of 
the Uogann at Rome to an older building: 
the principal variation from the original 
is in the divicion of the pilasters in Ibe 
attic. 

10i>«. An Atternpl nt a Potyehrowie 
liettoralitin of the Choroyic Monument (f 
Lyvierate*. C. Vickcrs. — The principal 
restorations consist of the golden tri. 
pod raijietl on the beautiful tinial wliich 
crowns the tholus, the volutrj nf whiitli 
arc strengthened by goUleii dolphins rett- 
ing on the marble scrolls which still exiiil 
on the monument. Colour i* applied to ' 
the frieze, and has a very plea»ing effect. 

U.l.'t. Sketch nf a Jirtiyn for a fMtt- 
Iron Necropulii, adapted fur f'hurrhyardt i 
or other Cemeteriei. J. f^audy, A, — We 
mistook it for n retort house, in ^omej 
extensive gas works; packing the undis- 
tingniiihed dead in cast. iron pipes and i 
laying tliem one upon another in rows, 
and those of more importance in vats | 
and boiler(>, would crentc ludicroun sen- 
sations, nnd give rise to nny but pro|H»r j 
feelings. 

1 lo.i. Wexlmimter and Creenwich Rail- 
way, View of the Teitninut adjacent tai 
the fool of Went minuter Bridijt, Surrt]f\ 
tide, 3, I). P.iine. 

l'il>t. Went minttrr and Grentirirh RaiUi 
vai/. Vietp of the lirido'' crotriai/ /A#] 
h'rut lioad neer .* " .. j_ jj. 

I'ninc. — We nrv jn .-quaiutedJ 

with both these Ui; i . I are nos 
writing in the latter, yet hare nc«rl 
seen either nf these object*, A^'by t« fnn-^ 
gunge employed to givf to • 
whose erection in extreinrlv pro' 
lb. ' 

I Ii' 01 

«ri I, . ..., . .^ if th4 

III' 

Hall at trigh Oi^l 
'./• Hit/ht Hon. 
\V..I. Donthoen. 



1838.1 



Literary and Scientific Intelligence; 



75 



dmet tf B. Ferrejr.— The above we 
■pecimoM of the timber roofed halls of 
oar oM mansions : the roof of the first 
named consists of arched beams of oak, 
but more light and slender than ancient 
timber worii ; the hall is embellished with 
a large window of stained glass and 
paintings on the walls. The second ex- 
ample u a portion of the same des%n 
which speared in last year's exhibition ; 
it possesses more decidedly the character 
of an old hall, the principals are larger, 
and the smaller beams between them 
marked bj the ornamental detail, usually 
met with in such situations ; the windows 
are of the Tudor description, and the 
hall is furnished with an orieL The ar- 
chitect does not state in what part of 
Sorrey it is to be erected. 

1070. The Rtetory Howe, KingtwoT' 
iAjf, Hiamp$kire. J. Buckler. 

\v:\.Couey Hail, Norfolk. J. Buckler. 
— ^The rectory house is a pleasing struc- 
ture of red brick in the Tudor style of 
architecture ; the chimnies and gables 
are introduced where they are required ; 
they form, it is true, ornamental acces- 
sories, but are not merely ornaments 
without utility. Couey Hall appears in 
one of the many points of view, in 
which this very picturesque mansion shows 
itself to so much advantage, the view 
comprises the magnificent oriel windows, 
the great tower, and the chapel. Both 
these structures arc highly creditable to 
Mr. J. C. Buckler, from whose designs. 



with the exception of the chapel at Cossey, 
both structures were erected. 



The Turkith Empire illtutrated, bjf 
Vieict of Constantinople and the Seven 
Churches, by Thomas Allom, Esq. With 
an Historical Account of Constantinople, 
by the Rev, Robert Walsh, LL.D. and 
Descriptions of the Seven Churches, by 
John Came, Esq. 4to. Fisher and Son. — 
If beauty and fidelity of graphic illustra- 
tion, fulness and (iiscrimination in histo- 
rical and descriptive narration, and cheap- 
ness in price, will insure extensive patron- 
age and popularity, " Fisher's Constan* 
tinople" must be pre-eminently success- 
ful. It is one of the most distinguished 
amongst the host of cheap and elegant 
publications of the age. It shows the 
boldness, the liberality, the enterprize of 
a London publisher, and at the same time 
manifests the resources within his power 
in the combination of literary and graphic 
talent. At no other period in England, 
and consequently in Europe, could such a 
work be produced as that now under no- 
tice. Combining, as it does, the most 
exquisite productions of the draftsman, 
Mr. AUom, and engravers of the first 
skill, with the literary essays of such a 
traveller and scholar as Dr. Walsh, the 
reader and purchaser may safely calculate 
in seeing a work replete with the excel- 
lencies of art and literature. It will con- 
sist of twenty-four monthly numbers, each 
containing four engravings, with appro- 
priate letter-press. 



LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 



NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

History and Biography. 

The History of Rome. Vol. I. By T. 
AnNOLo, D.D. 8vo. \(is. 

Memoirs of the Life and Character of 
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King of England. By the Rev. Enokll 
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Henry the Eighth. Published under the 
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History of the Reformation in Germany 
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Translated from the French, by the Hon. 
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C<d. rmAUCwiiAVMMoitijAide de Cuop 



to Joachim Murat, King of Naples. 2 
vols. 8vo. 24s. 

Correspondence of Sir Thomas Ilanmcr, 
Bart, with a Memoir of his Life. To 
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Memorials of Mylcs Covcrdalc, Bishop 
of Exeter. Bvo. Gs. 

Coronation. 

The Book of the Court ; exhibiting the 
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nial, and a full Account of the Coronation 
Ceremony. By W. J. Thoms, Esq. 
F.S.A. 8vo, 

The Coronation Service, or Consecration 
of the Anglo-Saxon Kings, as it illustrates 
the Origin of the Constitution. B-j VVa 
fier. Thomas Siltsb., 1>,V:.\i. «t ^\. 



Literary and Scientific IntelUyence. 



I 




John's Coll. Oif, formerly Anglo.Saxon 
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1^30. fiy EuuL'KD SffcKCKB, Esq. '2 
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Resrarchcf in Babylonin, Aesyriit, and 
Chnldceii, funnioi; part uf the Ut)Our» of 
the Euphrates Expedition. By \Vii.i.i.vM 
AiNswoRTH, F.G.S. F.R.G.S. Surgeon 
and Geologist to the Expedition. Hvo. 
XOt. Cd. 
RAmbles in the Pyrenees, and a Tuit 
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10*. lid. 
ieslrian Tour through North Wales. 
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The History of St. Andrew's, N. B. 
By the Rev. C. J. Lrox. Fcbd 8vo. 5*. 
liiEtory and Description of the Loiidoa 
and Birmingham Railn-ay. By PiiTKR 
Lkcocnt, F.R.A.S. Civil Engineer, and 
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Railroadinna, 1st Series, description of 
the vicinity of the Loudon aad Binning- 
ham Railway. 12mo. ."if. 

Illustrations of the Temple Church, 
Loudon. By R. W. Dtllincs. 4to. 
;/. •2t. ; royal 4to. 3/. 3». 

Nowli, See. 

Greenwich Pensioners. By Lieut. 
Hatchwav. :» yols. post «>o. 27*. 

The Wuiuan of llie World. By the 
Author of A Diary of a Di'sennuyOe. .1 
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The M an about Town . By CoRlCKLt f» 
Wkbbk. i' vols, post «vo, 18». 

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Italy, a Poem, with Hi- 
•ioalNvtcf. BjrJoiiN E. i 

Poenui. ByT. BuRUbt t...i. •-'". 

IKrinity. 

Family and Paroehial Scraiona. fiy the 
tUy. W. SukPiitRD. Hto. Iii#, (trf. 

Partx-hiul Srntitiii*. By xUe Rcr. >V. 
\U^ '- ■ ' 



edited by Archdeacon Hoari. Ifmo. 
6f. 

Mempri&s's Gospel History of oar 

Lord's Ministry. Frftp. 1*. 

The Greatnesis of i ' nl : a art- 

mon preached nt Dt\ 11, IH.S8, 

before the Corporaliuu <m i nmijr Houae. 
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the Rev.B.E.NicHOi.LS,M.A. 13mo. 3m. 
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By EnwiN Lek, M.R.C.S. 

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priety of practically examining that (ques- 
tion. By II Phyaician [Dr. Eli.m>T«»0?«]. 

MosKLEV onNerrotuaud Mental Con- . 
plaints. Bvu. !>». 

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The Power, Wi»dom, and Goodness of ] 
God as displayed in the .\nimal Creation. 
By C. M. BiTR.NKTT. Hvo. i:.». 

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OORR. Post «vo. 10». {id. 

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W. A. Lkigmton, B.Ai Hto. -W. 

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Prepnrhg fi)r Puhliealiou. 

A Collection of ancient Hii^hlnnd Pio- 
hrenchd, with historiciti Originn and Bio.J 
graphical Accounts uf ihc older Bard^, by] 
Mr. A.Nors Mack ay. 

The Spcecbe«of Henry Lord Brooj^ham,] 



at tl>e Bar, luid in ParliaDimt 
to IH3.1 inrluitiTe, uponsi ' 
with the liberties utid ! 
the IVojde ; with n Cnii 
upon .\ncicnt Eloquence. 
TranjJations from the Grt< n 
Omtorb, 3 vols. 8vo. 






autt nonifko 



THE ROXDURUUK tLCR. 

f 1^ 11, ..k., ..I— /'I.. I. 1.11 .1 

CJr; ■ !■ - .^ - 

Vifcoont CliAfp, Prttulrnt, ibt fJnke 

Bnccl^nrli ftTi'l tj'iri f.nlirrrr, K G., tl 
\h Via 

r till 



iUuDaina g( Uie itcf. C. J. t'ltcnao, Beojoniiu Uaroard, !£»],, tlct. 1*. 



1838.3 



Litentiy and 8cienii/ic Intelligence. 



77 



D.C.L., B. BoMeld, Esq., Rer. T. F. 
Dibdin, D.D. V.P., H. HalLun, Esq., 
Rer. E. C. Hawtrej, D.D., J. A. Lloyd, 
En., J. H. Muidand, Em. JVeanrer, 
J. D. Fhelps, Esq., and T. Ponton, Esq. 

The President laid before the Clab a 
proof copj of the " Gesta Romanonun," 
edited by Sir Frederick Madden, which 
will shortly be ready for diBtribntio&. 

Sir S. Glynne produced a copy of the 
" Owl and Nightingale," a poem of the 
13tli century, as his contribution to the 
Club. 

The work next to be printed by the 
Clob will, we understand, be a republica- 
tion of " Le Nere's Fasti Ecclesite Ad- 
^icanB," brought down to the present 
time. A copy of the original work has 
lately been obtained by the President, 
enriched with a very large body of valu- 
able manuscript notes. 



CMITEBSITIS8. 

Oxford. The following are the suc- 
cessful candidates for the Chancellor's 
{vizes for the present year, viz. : — 

Latin Verse — Hmmibal, patrite defen- 
rionem nueepturut, a& Italia accitus — 
Ftands Charles Trower, Scholar of Balliol 
College. 

English Essay— 77ie Teti* qf national 
yntperiiy eontidered — Thomas H. H ad- 
dan, B.A. Fellow of Exeter College. 

Latin Essay — An reete dicatur caruiut 
veteret ea forma concilii publiei qua te- 
Ueli gtudam pro univernt itatuuntur ? — 
Wm. Dickinson, Student in Civil Law, 
Scholar of Trinity College. 

Sir Roger Newdigate's prize — Tht Exile 
of St. Helena— Joa. H.Dart, B.A. Com- 
moner of Exeter College. 

The subject proposed to the Members 
of the University for the Theological 
prize (an English essay not exceeding the 
ordinary limits of recitation) is, " On the 
Conduct and Character of St. Paul." 

Cambridge, June 8. The Person prize 
(for the best translation of a passage from 
Shakqpeare into Greek verse) was adjudged 
to Thomas Evans, of St. John's College. 
Subject, — Henry V. Act IV. Chorus, be- 
ginning 

" Now entertain conjecture for a time." 

And ending — 

" His liberal eye doth give to every one, 
Thawing cold fear." 

The Chancellor's gold medal fpr the 
beat English poem was adjudged to Wm. 
SpicerWood, of St. John's Coll^je; — 
Subject,— JLn/Aer. 

ftOTAL SOCIRTT. 

Jfdy S4. Franda Bailr, eiq. V. P. and 
Tnmtanr in &e chair. — Hia Imperial and. 
Jtcjal Mvettjr Loopold U, Gnad JDnkc 



of Tuscany was elected a Fellow. The 
reading of the paper by Mr. Ivory, on the 
theory of Astronomical Refractions Was 
concluded. 

Afay 31. Davis Gilbert, esq. V. P. 

Read, 1. Researches in connexion widi 
Rotatory Motion, by A. Bell, esq. 2. An 
Experimental Inquiry into the appearance 
of Nitrogen in Plants, and its effects upon 
their growth, by Robert Rigg, esq. 3. 
Remarks on the theory of the Dispersion 
of Light as connected with Polartzation, 
by the Rev. Baden Powell, M.A. F.R.S. 

June 14. The Duke of Sussex, Pres. 

Read, 1. Researches on Suppuration, 
by Mr. Gulliver, Assistant- Surgeon of the 
Horse Guards ; 3. Tide Researches, ninth 
series, by Professor Whewell. 

June SI. Mr. Baily in the chair. — Mr. 
Whewell' s paper was continued ; and the 
titles of the following papers were read : 
An Inquiry into the Medulla Oblongata, 
by Mr. Hilton; Experiments on the Vi- 
bration of the Pendulum, by Mr. Frod- 
sham ; Experiments on the Blood in con- 
nexion with Respiration, by Dr. Davy ; 
on the Structure of the Teeth, &c. by Mr. 
Thorns : on the Evolution of Nitrogen in 
the Growth of Plants, by Mr. Reid ; on 
the Action of Light on the Colour of the 
River Sponge, by Mr. Hogg; Experi- 
mental Researches in Electricity, 16th 
series, by Mr. Faraday; Researches in 
reference to Binocular Vision, by Mr. 
Wheatstone. Adjourned to Nov. 15. 



LISX.SAN SOCIETY. 

At the anniversary, the Bishop of Nor- 
wich was re-elected President. Her Ma- 
jesty has become the patroness of the 
Society, and has inscribed her name on a 
leaf of the Society's signature-book. The 
sign manual is written in the centre of a 
wreath of flowers, exquisitely painted 
from living specimens, by Mrs. Withers, 
flower-painter to the ciueen-dowager : the 
flowers comprise specimens from all parts 
of her Britannic Majesty's possessions. 
The right reverend prelate intimated that 
the soiriet, commenced by him last season, 
would be continued during the next 



ELECTRICAL SOCIETY. 

May 29. The first anniversary meet- 
ing took place, J. E. Johnson, esq. in the 
chair. "The report of the committee re- 
viewed the proceedings of the year, enu- 
merating the papers read, and those 
selected to form part of the " Transac- 
tions," and congratulating the Society 
upon their present position and prospects. 
The formation of a library, and tiA csh- 
JectioD of suitable vj^^paxatou, utm ^• 
ciufed. Varioxui a(>iUi!kAOii& irac« «br 



I 



I 



of the workc of Mr. Wilkinson , bat thought 
the fumier gentleuien had paraniount 
claim to the honuiir of' election. 

Mr. Donaldson defended the rccorn- 
mendation of the rouni-il, coutending that 
the claims of the candidates should not be 
judged by the cxcnvationn they had effected 
or the rescarcliea they hod made, unless 
they mnde the results of their labours 
public, lie instauted the choice of Mr. 
Willis and Mr. >Miewell, who had been 
elected honorary members on account of 
Ihcir excellent work» on gutliic architec- 
ture. Mr. Burton's work, the Eii^rjita, 
wiu A mere transcript of the Hierogly. 
phics, without ciplanatioa ; he contended 
that the author was most entitled to the 
honour fvho had published his researches 
with explanations, in which the mind of 
the writer was shown, and which conveyed 
information to others. He instanced m 
a specimen of Mr. Wilkinson's rescorcb 
the stupendous plan of Thebc."), published 
b; him. Eventually Mr. Wilkiiisun woa 
elected. 

Mr. Runton continued his icctorei on 
the properties of iron. 

June 11. 1". flardvrick, esq. V.P. in the 
chair. Tlic Earl of Aberdeen was elected 
nn Honorary Fellow. A letter was read 
from the Riijah of Tanjore, iiccomponying 
drawings of temples and other buildin|^ 
in hi» dominions, made under his High- 
n«%<3's directions for the Institute. Mr. 
Bebnes presented a bust of the Ute Mr. 
Nash ; and Mr. Owen Jones a cast of a 
portion of the ornamctitnl pnniu'lling of 
the Alhambra, coloured in cinrt confor- 
mity with the nriginjil. A further dona- 
tion of origin.-il Itnli^tn DrawiriK* Wiis re. 
eeivcd from Sir J. D. Stewart, and the 
S'ecrelniy anuounccd the recent deatli of 
(he donor at Paris. $it[nor Campanari 
exhibited several trijiods and » v.tse, « 
portion of his coltf'clions. Mr. rioldeoutt 
read a pnpir ilhistrnlive i>f .-m ' ' . nea 

uttriliu(ed to I'juilo ^■t■r^lln Ijud 

been recently removed froTi> I un 

ItAlinn villa : he took n su< nf 

this branch of art, so little j" tlie 

present day, and pio^'cedi-d toilcstiibcthe 
proccMk (lufsucd by liiiiiii \rtldi to remove 

Hs. This was j 
i •! covered with i 

''' wlurh 

^id mnil« I 

' iif hum- 

■ W/t, U «vaji h-n ti> 

. thfi walls ».uh the 

■'■■ ' I. ''It 

to 

-d 

1 1, 

ivvg''//tkn:*. Mr. Irci/iai nj'oka i^ghiy iutuly hied va the cutVM ftvpareU to re* 



BOYAr, INSTITUTZ OV ORIT. ARCU1TVCT8. 

Moy 7. The anniversary tnecting waa 
keld at the rooms of the society, in Gros- 
Tcnor-itreet ; the Right Hon. Earl de 
Grey, President, in the choir. 

Mr. Donaldson, the secretary, read the 
report of the council, which announced 
that since the Ust .tnnivcrsary the society 
had acquired stability and im|iortancB 
from the charter of incorporation gr.iiited 
by his late Majesty William IV. and that 
the Queen, with that love for art and 
science which has distinguished the tirst 
yesj' of Her Majesty's rei^, hoi been 
pleased to become the patroness of tho 
Insticote. During the lost year the so- 
ciety had not to deplore the loss of auy of 
its members, whilst they had an Dccession 
of seven fellows, fourteen tissociatcs, eight 
honorary fellows, and ten honorary and 
corresponding members. A considerable 
increase had necessarily taken place in 
the expenditure, from the removal of the 
apartments, but the council were fully im- 
pressed with the necessity of keeping the 
current expenditure within the income. 

JifaySl. H. E. Kendall, Esq. V.P. in 
the chair. An interesting letter from 
Athena wa.s read, giving a lively account 
of the operations now goini; on fur the 
restoration of tlie metropolis of Greece, 
accompanied with a periodical journal of 
the di.-> COY erics on the excavations made in 
the city, pubhshed by the Government. 
Among the donations was a farther col- 
lection of drawings by Uibi.-ina and other 
Italian architects, presented by .Sir John 
Drummond Steward through Mr. Barry. 
A donation of -id/, from Mr. Rhodes was 
announced in aid of a contemplated fund 
for travelling stuilents. Signnrs Caniua 
ondVoliedicr of Rome, and Hen liessler 
of Frankfort, vserc elected honorary fo- 
reign corresponding members, and Mr. 
1. G. Wilkinson, the autlior of the pnpulnr 
Work on Egypt, was recommended by the 
council for election as an honorniy mem- 
ber. \n uhjcction was rai.sed to this gen- 
tleman by Mr. .Scoles, a member of the 
Institute, on tlie grouiuU of a want of 
conformity with ll\r lnw« of the Institute, 
and also on t' 
Hnyaud Mr. I 

[The ■■'-...- . 
fort 
ka.l ' 
men in II 
of til*" "" 
ton 1 < 
of I 
: 



' Mr. 


thc ■ 


■ iir. 


e(Tc< f 


1 a 


II cot 


..ud 


W.1S ' , 


-ik- 


to «■ ' 


uu thr ruins 


roer > 


!«l. Mr Rur- 


drr , 



1838.] 



LUeraty and SdeM^c InttlUgence, 



79 



eei«« them, to which they h>d been fixed 
by a strung cement of lize. The paintings 
exhibited consisted of two large and three 
small subjects, representing allegorical 
and mythologiod designs ; they are well 
preaerred, and are still in the same state 
as when first taken from the walls ; no 
Tarnish having been applied. Mr. Griffith 
commenced a series of lectures on Chemis- 
try as applied to Architecture. Various 
specimens of paper for rooms, of French 
manufacture, were exhibited; one of which 
was copied from Mr. Shaw's work on 
Ornament. SeTcral ornaments and small 
ttatnes in p^Aer machit from France 
stood on the table ; in this composition 
the Parisian manofacturers suceessfuUy 
imitate the precious and other metals, 
prodncing suits of armour bearing an 
exact resemblance to the original. 



mOTAL MILITARY COLLKOE, SANDRXTKBT. 

At the recent examination, the board- 
room exhibited a foir display of the works 
of the officers in fortification and mili- 
tary surveying. Among which was a plan 
of the country on the line of the Roman 
road to Bath, in continuation of the parts 
prerionaly determined (see our vol. v. 
p. 535, yol. IX. p. 19S) ; and a surrey, 
both military and geological, of that por- 
tion of the Mendip range which lies be- 
tween Wells and the Bristol Channel. It 
may be obserred that on a former occa- 
sion Capt. £. H. D. £. Napier, 46th regt. 
and LJeut. G. Grey, 83rd regt. had sur- 
veyed a tract of ground exhibiting nearly 
all the varieties presented by the tertiary 
strata in the county of Surrey ; and the 
object now proposed, in addition to the 
usual exercise in military topography, was 
that of affording a practical lesson respect- 
ing the secondary formations in the south 
of England. For this purpose Lieut— 
Capt. D. S.Cooper, Royal regt. and Lieut 
C. Ready, 71st regt. voluntarily under- 
took to execute the task. The extent of 
the survey is about seventeen miles in 
length and six in breadth, its direction 
coinciding with that of the central ridge 
of old red sandstone which forms the 
antidinal axis of the chain. This district 
is an elevated plateau, from which the 
sandstone rises about 300 feet above the 
general level of 1000 feet above that of 
the sea. The mountain limestone through 
which that ridge of rock protrudes covers 
the flanks of the latter on the northern 
and southern sides ; three places of junc- 
tion at the upper surface being marked by 
deep combes 'or ravines, rich in veins of 
lead and lapis caliminaris . and from the 
exterior sides of the covering masses long 
Imttrenes of the same material project 



from the central chain. The bases of 
these are covered by the new sandstone 
formation, and this, on a lower level, is 
overlaid by the alluvial deposits which 
constitute the soil in the valleys of the 
Axe and Yeo. The portions surveyed by 
Capt. Cooper commenced on the western 
side of the Cheddar cliffs, and extended 
northward to Burrington Combe; from 
whence that officer pursued his researches 
to the west as far as Bream Down, on the 
Bristol Channel. From Wookey Cavern 
Lieut. Ready surveyed the southern ridge 
as far as Cheddar, and afterwards followed 
the northern limestone chain to its termi- 
nation at Beam Hill. The plan is accom- 
panied by a section crossing the chain of 
the Mendips from Draycotto Burrington, 
and showing the geological positions of 
the strata; the heights of the ground 
having been obtained for this purpose 
from a series of barometrical observations 
made by Lieuts. Symonds and Ready. 
Both the vertical and horizontal dimen- 
sions in the section are set out from the 
same scale as the plan, which, being of 
four inches to a mUe, is sufficiently great 
to allow the various strata to be distinctly 
expressed. 

The remains of antiquity within this 
district are no less interesting than its 
geological circumstances. The Roman 
road from Old Sarum to the Port which 
once existed at Uphill on the Bristol 
Channel, pursued its course along the 
central axis of the chain, and was pro- 
tected by numerous intrenchments, whose 
remains still crown the principal summits 
of the hills. The portion included within 
the limits of the present survey com- 
menced at a point where it crosses the 
existing road from Wells to Brutol, and 
from thence proceeds in a rectilinear di- 
rection to the foot of the hill, near Char- 
ter House, Hinton, where the vestiges of 
a Ronmn town have been discovered. 
The neighbouring country abounds with 
sepulchral tumuli and the remains of an- 
cient mines. At this spot the road makes 
a bend and skirts the southern side of 
the long ridge called Black Down ; near 
the western extremity of which is an in- 
trenchment commanding an extensive 
view of the country. Subsequently pass- 
ing by Sbipbam and Banwell Hill Camp, it 
ascends Bleadon Hill, from whence the 
line may be distinctly traced in a recti- 
linear direction tending towards Uphill 
Church. Arriving near this spot, how- 
ever, the road makes an abrupt bend, 
and is carried through an excavation in 
the rock down to the place where 'the 
ancient harbour is known to have been 
situated. 

Another highly cTedil«k\»\e civov^^ oil 



Antijuarinn Bfienrcluft. 



[July, 



I 



military topography wis bUo exhibit- 
ed; viz. — a plnn of gi.Ttwn square milps 
of J'ounfrj surroiiniling llodk in llnrnp- 
shire, and sliowing the jirefeiit sliito of 
the cutting's for the London and .South- 
ampton Railroad, which cnleri tlte plan 
at Sbapley llMthr and crossing the Lon- 
don and Kjieter Road near Hook, pro- 
ceeds by Nrwnham tovrard.s Dasingstoke. 
The cut* are principally made throngh 
the plastic and London riny immediately 
bordered to the ewtward by the mass of 



the nppor marine land, and repoiinf (i> 
the smith on tl' ' " ' rnjation ot Odi- 

hnm Jind it» < I, IVoni wKictt 

several interiM , m| sea rKinniin 

have l)een exlrftcied.cspccinlly ue«r Nmn- \ 
hiitn, where a splendid Rprciinen of the ' 
nautilus was found. This plan reflect* 
l^reat credit on the officers employed, 
v«. — Capt, S. Y. Martin, fiTth regt. ; 
Capt. J. R. Brunker, 1.1th regt.; Capt. 
B. E. Layard, Ceylon Rifle Corpt; and 
Lieatenant R. Pctley, ROlh regt. 



ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES. 



» 



I 



■OOIKTT OF AKTIQUAAIKS. 

JtfdyS). HudBoa Gumey, esq. V.P. 
ia tlie choir. 

SigTi^if Campaoari exhibited on Etrus- 
cau helmet, very perfect, having the real 
fur fixing o crest, and the dependant ear- 
pieces ; also a very beouliful hroazc ves- 
iicl. in the form of a large bosun, but made 
for suspensijon : it had been gilt within, 
And u purtiun Is still by tlie gilding CD* 
Urely preserved from corrosion, 

J. B. Nichols, esq. F.S.A. exhibited a 
rcmarkublc little bronze tigure of on ele- 
phant, resting on its ImuncheH, found in 
IB3(*atToddington, Bedfordshire, and now 
in tlie possession of W. C. C. 
It i» apparently of Roman wo: 
and WHS jicrlu'i"' '"'''i"'''' to b^ . .1 ... 
the weiRfat to Other Roman 

antiquities fi><. lingtoa are no- 

ticed by Mr. Bi,tntlr<:th iu the ArcbKO* 
login, vol. xxvii. p. )o:J. 

FrancU .Sharp, esq. of Leedi, commu- 
uicatcd on account of the di»coTery uf a 
very extcuMve huard of coiufl made in 
February l«.'«6 ot Wykc, in the pariah of 
Uarewood, Yorkshire. This hoard so 
clooely revembled tWt found at Tutbury 
in \\iA\, anil deRcrilied by Mr. Hawkin.s 
in the - ' ' ' ' ' r..httolf>gia, 

that a t'.' ^vas in a 

great u.. ^ t.,.. .,., and Mr. 

Sharp thiTctore very judiciously pro- 
ceeded on the plan of arrangement there 
laid down, noticing the new rarietica, in 
which ttt«k he has been a^gisted by his 
friend Mr. Haigh, also of Leeds. From 
the period of the coin», and particularly 

«)p,« f.^r..,,.n tr.rlnvc rl... ,l,,fp of tjjg 

de; I 'ecu early 

In 1. 

';■ Mr. 

St' M<«n 

Ih 

tvij .. /Jii i.i_, ..1 ;_.i. I., i .. ■. ,.i..j 

(>miidinf^, amott^ which In »til( rtfoiaiaioff 



the hall in which, from several 
cburlers, Sic. it is ascertained tliat the 
Norman exchequer was held. 

The .Soricty adjourned over Whitsun. 
tide to June 14. 

June 14. Hudson Gumey, esq. V.P. 

The Rev. Thomaa R.ickett, F.S A. ex- 
hibited a seal of the Honour of RieU- 
mund, bearins (he arms of Sir Thumon 
Stan' ■■ P- ' nf Derby, impaling those of 
his ret Countess of Riclimund, 

anil ; , Hiffillunt rf'jii el ftue liber- 

tati* honons de lUchemitHndi. The matrix 
was found among the muniments uf the 
Earl of Wicklow in Ireland. 

W. Jerdan, esq. F.8.A. cxhibitcJ two 

I 'i: and beautiful Roman armlets, 

■'-, found last year near Dmm- 

' --tie, Pertlisliirc, the seat of Lord 

and Lady WiUougliby d'Eresby. Tliey 
were discovered in a tidd, about a foot 
under the surface, where the soil rests 
upon a »haly rock, and ia so thin as to 
forbid any idcn of ? '' ' ' ' 

deposit. Tliry art 

rings, and the i:la>p^. i 

medallions, on which two different forms 
of crosses arc wrought, in red nud yellow 
colours. Their weight is nearly four 
pounds each, and, brtwnen the ringM, cu. 



noua wires, hm 

much to the ; 

pattern. Mr. .i ... 

nuthoritlcs to show 

were common t.i a 

bestowed as i> 

reigtik in ever* 

lekii 

oni . 

Gr. 

Atii 

adil" 

tary huuuur» ■ 

TlraronNrii, oi 



wire, add 
. of their 



I -vj:- 
. of] 

ID 

•■-ia. 

• iTC 
MiU- 

Mu by the J 
1 of the ' 



like manner, i^nve them, aad It ws« worthy i 



I8S8.] 



Jutiqtittrian Researcheg. 



81 



of notice that their name for collars was 
Ttkt, not far from the northern l\trqu«it. 
They were also Daaish and SSaxon forms 
of honour and devotion. The Scalds 
often mentioned them. A S.-u[on mo- 
narch waa styled the bestower of armlets : 
and when Alfred granted peare to the 
Danes, they swore to observe it on the 
Holy Bracekt. lliese and many particu- 
lar cases, proved the universality of their 
wear — that they were frequently votive 
offerings — that they were inscribed in 
epitaphs and bequeathed in wills, &c. &c., 
among all the races of mankind. The lo- 
cality where the present armille were ob- 
tained added much to their interest ; for 
it was only a few miles from Agricola's 
famous camp at Ardoch {/Jndum) ; and 
not more distant from the camps of Hi- 
ema and Victoria, near which the memo- 
rable night-attack was made on the ninth 
Roman legion, which led to the great final 
battle in which Galgacus and his brave 
Caledonians were obliged to yield to the 
discipline and valour of the invaders. 
From the situation and other circum- 
stances, Mr. Jerdan supposed it probable 
that these were the last relics of a Roman 
warrior who had perished in the wild fo- 
rest which then covered the land, and 
made the Ochils and Grampians even 
more defensible by the natives than they 
would be in our day. The armlets were 
mnch admired by members of the SoriKty, 
and, through the liberality of their noble 
owners, presented to the British Museum. 
Mr. Jerdan also exhibited a specimen of 
fresco painting from Pompeii. It con- 
sisted of three figures — a male and female, 
one of tliem with wings, and a Cupid rid- 
ing on a leopard. The composition is 
very elegant, and, as a sample of the early 
arts of the buried city, it excited great 
attention. 

John Gage, esq. Director, communi- 
cated an account of the opening, in April 
last, of another barrow at the Bnrtlow 
Hills, Essex. It was the southern tumu- 
lus ; which is more than 100 feet in dia- 
meter, and was found to be formed, like 
the largest barrow, of earth and chalk 
in horixontal strata. In the centre, a 
wooden chest of about .*)} feet square, and 
2 ft. deep, had been li^d nearly on the 
natural soil, in an artificial bed, the sides 
of which were washed with chalk that 
formed something of a cement. The ob- 
jects found were very similar to those dis- 
covered before, near the same place, and 
described and engraved in the Arcbseolo- 
gia, vols. XXV and xxvi ; and were as fol- 
low : I. a square glass urn, with a reeded 
handle, one foot high, filled witli burnt 
human bones ; 3. a bronze prKfericulnm, 
with an elevated handle, the lower cod of 

Gcvr. Ma0. Vol. X, 



wliich terminates in the claw, and the np> 
per in the head of a lion ; 3. a bronze pa- 
tera, with a strait handle, at the junction 
of which with the vessel is the head of a 
ram, and it is otherwise ornamented with 
masks, &r. showing the remains of silver 
and enamel ; 4. an iron lamp, with a chain 
attached, by which it was evidently sua- 
peuded to the top of the chest ; 5. an ob- 
long gUss vessel, with reeded handles ; 6. 
a glass vessel, of the jar form ; 7. frag- 
ments of a glass lacrymatory, or cup ; 8. a 
yellow .spherical earthenware urn ; 9 and 
10. two vessels of red earthenware, of the 
form of a cup and saucer ; 1 1 and 13. two 
small earthenwai-e urns, one red, the othor 
brown. Some bones found in the saucer 
proved to be those of a cock, a bird which 
was sacrificed to various divinities, and 
which have also been found among Ro- 
man remains at Christchnrch and at Can- 
terbury. Fragments of cloth or linen ad- 
hered to the sides of the priefericulam ; 
and scattered in the tomb were the remains 
of leaves, which are pronounced by Pro- 
fessor Henslow to be those of box, biucua 
temperviren*. The same gentleman also 
informed Mr. Gage that a skeleton was 
lately found in or near Chesterford church- 
yard, together with a Roman urn, about 
which box leaves lay loose in the soil. 
By this investigation further (though 
scarcely requisite) proof is afforded, that 
the Bartlow tumuli are of Roman origin. 

June 21. Mr. Gumey in the chair. 
The following gentlemen were elected 
Fellows : Samuel Cartwright, esq. of Old 
Bnrlington-street ; Thomas Bacon, esq. 
of Lincobi's Inn Fields; the Rev. Jolm 
Regnet Wreford, of Birmingham ; Wil- 
liam Bromet, M.D. of the 1st Life Guards ; 
John Robert Daniel Tyssen, esq. of Up- 
per Clapton ; Charles Lane, esq. of St. 
Thomas's-street, Southwark ; Benj. Cof- 
fin Thomas, esq. of Malmesbury ; Thomas 
Baylis, esq. of Prior's Bank, Fulham; 
Lechmere William Whitmore, esq. of the 
same place ; and Thomas Smith, esq. of 
Stony-gate, near Leicester. 

Charles Roach Smith, esq. F.S.A. ex- 
hibited two brass or copper basins, found 
together la.st year in Lothbury, and appa- 
rently of the same age. They were beaten 
into shape from a sheet of metal, and the 
inner surface engraved with outline figures; 
which in one represent an animal appa- 
rently a rude representation of a lamb, 
four times repeated; and the other a 
Queen in the Anglo* Saxon tunic and 
crown, bearing in each hand an orb. 
This figure is aliBO four times repeated, and 
from its costume cannot be later than the 
reign of Henry I. 

An essay on the cuneatic latcilvtifina 
of Babylon, by Isaic Calftvawite, t*\. ■«%» 




Antiquarian Researchtf. 



[July. 



then read ; it had particular reference to 
an InscripHon presented to Sir Hi ' ' ' ■ 
by Mr. Harford Jones, and ecu 
Mr. Cnlliraore to rontain a li' .. 
Cbaldenna. The Society adjourned to 
NoTcmber. 



I 



» 



GRRKK AND ETRDSCAN TASKS. 

/uuf M. A «ale of these serii* of an- 
cient art took place nt tlie amrtion rooiuv 
erf Mr. Leigh Sothcby, in Wellington 
Street, Strand. Tlie followring is an enu- 
nieratioD of n few of the principal lots. 

30. A round vaae of purple glass, co- 
vered with flowers of different eolonrs. 
The lower part of thcTase is eomposed of 
blue and yi^llow glass, and the rini of the 
upper part ornamented with white opaque 
lines ; an ciccetliriKly rare object ; 4i 
inches in tUameter and 4| inches high — 
.■•>/. 7«. Hd 

33, The head of a female, the upper 
part forming the vase and handle, 74 
inches high — I/. lfi«r. Of a shape that 
has not been ])ublished. 

.14. A wine cup, the side ornamented 
with the code, two symbolic eyes, and 
two birds, which are of blaok colour on a 
yellow ground, A inches high — "I, lOt, 

4.T. A Tazzn, elegantly forined. On 
either side arc three figures, intendei! to 
represent a riinnin- »"• !■■''■ Tnd under- 
neath each is on .i " G reels ■ 8 
inch's in iliamcter, ■ _ 'igh — I/. 4f. 

4G. A vase with two handler. On one 
side is represented the combat of Achilles 
and Memnon, the one heing urged by 
Thetii and the other by Aurora, their 
mothers, Mho are arcninpnnitd by the at- 
tendant, On the other side is another 
comb.it between two w.irrior«i, whose names 
arc unknown ; they are each attended by 
a female. ITiesc fifjnrcs arc painted in 
yelhiw, dark preen, black, red, and while, 
on a yellow ground. On the shirld of one 
of the warriors i* a swan with extruded 
win|i;«, and to all of the fienrrs i>n cither 
Mde i« on inscription in flfcek; l;J| inches 
lugh— 14/. 14«. 

.fl \ tn*e, yellow ground. Ob dllier 
sill I lie combat of Herrnleti with 
tin on, nud on either Kjde, un- 
d.i ,- , ,-- . 

thiE. The numerous figures v 
in MneV, whiti', rprf. nmi i i, 

col. ' I ■ liji. 

.tn<l rotor. 



tion. These figtires, all In yellow, nnon 
a dark green ground ; 214 inches high — 
I,W, 

."i". A vase, yellow gronnd. On one 
side Uector and Paris consulting with 
Priam, and behind the two former, Helen 
apparently in grief. On the other tide, 
Hector, supporting over his left shotddcr 
the dead body of a wnii '' 'ii is 

preceding them, walking ■ nod 

holding her arms over lu-. .. ... ;:i lUn 

greatest grief, while Fans is tullowing 
behind, also in grief. Tliese ligares arn 
all finely painted in various coloora ; IA| ' 
inches high — 51/. 

Ul. A vase with three handles, black 
ground, la front of this Tnse is rcpre> 
sented Peleus <'iMu-.iin,r Hjs bonds ronnd 
the waist of T ^c conntenance. 

on obscrring i I action of her 

lover, betokens great ,iilminition. The 
head of Peleus omameuted with a wreath, 
and a diadem incloses the hair of Thetis, 
who holds in her left haud a lis^h These 
figures are mast elegantly det>igned, and 
most bcButifully eieeuted in yellow; 19 
inches high— 3oV. l.q». 6d. 

(>7, A rase, with three handles, dark 
green ground. In front are «l« fignre-<«, 
the two centre ones representing a femalo 
sented, before whom is a young man 

offering in his right hand >' ■ 'inenl, 

taken front a cn.«solcttc « i .U in 

his left. The others ar' ; i-nd- 

anta, each holding an omnnicnt ui dresii. 
These figures arc all dclicntcly exeeatcd 
in yellow ; 17 inches — 19/. l.'>#, 

Panathenaic vase. On nna 

,_. ... . .... V,...,. ,..:.,, ff,. 



7ti. A 
side is r- - ' ' *' ^■"' 
ceslus; ■ 

lifted shiL 1 . , : . 

two columnsi, the top of < 
with a cock. These sul> 
painted in tarious colr>uta, mi a 
ground -, 'iH inches iiigh — 2H/. 



pr. 
thi 

Col' 
Pc. 

rill' 



«p» 



th. 



with three handles, dark | 



I AS mn- 1 



I'jiii In OitvK-,] 



B3 



HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. 



HocBE or Loans, Mai/ 21. 
Lord Melbourne moved the order of 
tbe day for the second reading of the 
FooE Relief (Ireland) Bill; and 
stated that it was nn application of the 
act of 1834 to the circumstances of Ire. 
land, with such alterations as the peculiar 
condition of that country required, and 
such amendments as the experience gained 
by tbe working of the system of England 
had prored to be prudent and expedient. 
—Earl FitswilHttm objected to the law ; 
in parts of Ireland, the endeavour to ad- 
minister it would only add to the diffi. 
cnlties of the people. He considered the 
gOTemmentruh indeed when they applied 
the English poor-law system to Ireland. 
Tbe fact was, that the improvement in 
the poor laws of England was a step to 
having no poor law. His noble friend 
\n this Bill would legalize the right of 
tbe labouring man to parochial relief— a 
principle which, in his opinion, would in- 
terfere with the growing prosperity of 
Ireland.— The Duke of Wellington sup. 
ported the Bill. He did not expect the 
measure to work wonders suddenly, but 
be did expect it would improve the social 
relations in Ireland. The state of pro- 
perty would be improved. He expected 
It would induce gentlemen having proper- 
tjr in Ireland to look after the persons 
hving on their estates and under their 
protection, and there would be a better 
state of things. — The Marquis of £o«- 
dondeny strongly opposed the Bill, and 
moved that it be read a second time that 
&y six months.— Lord Lyndhvrsl also 
denounced the measure as a delusion, the 
effect of which would be to heavily tax 
the small farmer, and at the same time 
subject him to all the annoyance of va- 

Eancy. But he did not expect any en- 
rged measure of relief could come from 
the present government, which was in 
reality a government that lived as it were 
from band to mouth — a government that 
had neither time nor inclination to pay 
attention to so great a question as this. 
Unless the Bill were materially altered 
in committee, he should vote against tbe 
third reading. — Lord Brougham, in a 
speech of great length, objected to the 
Bill. It \ns absura to suppose that the 
introduction of poor laws into Ireland 
would remedy the evils of that country. 
Let them goresm Jrtkad djaaeetij—ltt 



them govern it as it had been governed 
under Wellesley ; as it had been governed 
under Lord Anglesea. Let them ettle 
the tithe question. Let them settl the 
ecclesiastical question altogether — con- 
duct the afiairs of Ireland with unremit- 
ting kindness — with a steady, manly, 
equal course of policy — in absolute good 
foith — without chicane, favouritism, or 
shuffling — govern Ireland thus, and they 
would see her wants diminish, her com> 
forts increase, tranquillity established-— 
and the crafty priest might intrigue, and 
the ruthless agitator disturb in vain. — The 
House ultimately divided, when there ap- 
peared forthe second reading, 149; against 
It, 20. 



House of Commons, May 21. 

The resolution of tbe Committee of 
Ways and Means was reported — " That, 
towards making good the supply granted 
to her Majesty, the sum of 18,U00,000/. 
be raised by Exchequer Bills, for the ser- 
vice of the year 1838." Agreed to, and a 
Bill ordered to be brought in by the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer and Mr. Baring. 

May 23. After the presentation of 
numerous petitions for tne abolition of 
Negro Apprenticeship, Sir E. Wilmot 
brought forward his motion on the same 
subjeet. He contended that the planters 
had not fulfilled their part of the appren> 
ticcship contract. Women had been bru- 
tally flogged, the allowance of food had 
been reduced, parents had been illegally 
separated from their children, and prsedials 
and non-prsedials had been unjustly con- 
founded. The honourable member then 
moved, " That it is the opinion of thia 
House that negro apprenticeship in the 
British colonies should immediately cease 
and determine." — Mr. Villier* seconded 
the motion. — Mr. Blackett thought the 
recent Government Bill would secure all 
the benefits contemplated by tbe original 
act. — Sir H. Vemey would vote with Go- 
vernment, believing that course best cal- 
culated to ensure real benefit to the slave. 
— Mr. Hume should support the Govern- 
ment in opposition to the motion, as he 
considered Acts of parliament ought to be 
binding. He admitted that in many in* 
stances the contract on tbe pert of the 

Elantcrs had not been observed in spirit { 
ut this could not be aaid of tiki« ^usvXsn 
uoirersally,— 2tc. B« L, Bmlwer NratenA 



ParUamentnry Proctedingt, 



[July. 



I 



to keep faith indeed with the plm»tei«, 
but contviiiied thut Initb was Ane likewise 
to Ibc otlitr pnuics ccneetiied — to tlio 
negroes, aiiii tu ibc Engli&b |ii>(iptc. '1 he 
house then divided, for the mutioii, JNj ; 
agaiiitit it. 93 : tniijohty '.i. Lord Juhn 
Rutseil uftcnvurds stutwi tlml tho leiulu- 
lion could only be onrnod into elTect by ii 
Bill laid before (hi- Hoiih-, a nieii&urc 
which it would he for the hoiioiir»b)i.' buru. 
net to introduce if he thought jiropcr. If 
such B Bill was brought in, the Govein- 
roent would consider it their duty logive it 
their mod stn'nuous nnd diitenulncd op- 
(lotition. 

May 2i. Mr. PlumplremovvA the order 
of the day for the (loiisu guin^; into fuin- 
mitiec on the Loru'h-DaY Bill, lliii only 
object was to suppiCMS iradinf^ on the 8imi- 
diiy, iirid in order to carry that into clTt-cl 
be would be glud to receive ««y !>ug),'es. 
tion that was offered him. He wasnriked 
it hi6 Bill went to nffcet tnivcUing? It 
waa not his intention to uiieet it in siny 
way; and if it wa.< thought n proviso euuld 
make tliut intention more cleiir, he would 
not object to it. — Mr. O'CuitneU did not 
see wiiat necessity there was for the Bill. 
There wus iiu country in whieh the 
Lonl's-duy was so decently observed h;. 
in this c-oiintvy. — Sir E. SiitjiJfn Aliould 
vote HjjTiinbt the Bill uiile^.s ic wa»^ con- 
fined strictly to Iwirler and trad**, lie le- 
commended that the Bill should now bo 
cotutnitted pro forma, to nffonl time for 
the introduction of the requisite aueiid- 
mcnta. — '£\ik Attorttt}/ Central fcug^eslcd 
that the Bill should be vvitlidiiiwn, und n 
new one biougbt in without theobjcclioii- 
able clauses. A peiml measure ought 
strictly to define wluit tvii!> to be penul, 
and not be bweeping and general in iit> 
pruviiHonii. k whs better tu leave the 
observaiire of the Subbaih to the good 
feeling of the uomumuity. — The C/iaa- 
cellor q/" tht E:fi:fie<{uer bud very eoiisi- 
deruble doubts whether the Bill could lie 
so liiniied as to become prHcticnble. lie 
believed the progress of upituuu at the 
pr«t«nt inoim-nt «vu5 strongly in fu> 
vuur of all the pruiticul obiects which 
the honuuritblc member wmglit to elleet, 
Mud if the Bill could be put irtlu » *hape 
I'onsistent with the opinions he hud cx> 
presM-d he fbould bt- icaJy to *upj>urt it 
either in the L'oninuttcc or cUcwhcru: 
but he »o much d»-spnircd of ever oltain- 
iufr ■ ■ ' ■! 



liii 

the 



Ironi 
.1 htr 

■jb;l-ccd with tllo Kxht ''' "t'e- 

■nun thut the iiublic di thi» 

r/ttt<f//*>n bad been a/Iemini '.mim i-vrl ; 

[(^0t mu owing to the temper in whkii 



the di.<ic(itMDn» had been rairied on. He 
objcclcd to legisldlion upon iiue-ttlonk o( 
this kind, bccnube lie wi^llcd (o avoid 
L^ivint; ri»e tu tcxut(uu» lili^Jiliotibrtwceii 
uciKbbours und iiitrrlcrenee with [>eculiar 
reli){ious uniniouh. He lliuuKhl (hut it 
was drMrotfle to put 4 «iop (o fair* and 
markets upon the Sunday, and also to the 



>t NiiojiH on tiie part 
iriidcs, when public i 



ILirticular irndcs, wlieii pulilic convenience 
did not ri(|iiirc it. After »uinc further 
diHciii^sioii, the (Joiiiinlttec wn» h<I- 
jouriied, 

Ji/fly V8. 8ir G. Urtif' "f*"'' » l«>'>g 
nnd able tiddie!>s, hubniilled to (be Houf^e 
resolutions on the iinpotlMut subject 
111 Shivery, the (lurport of which wu.t, that 
the resolution curried by Sir K. Wilmol. 
on the 2'iA May, tor the inimediute aboli- 
tion of the Nkuiui Ai'i'iir;Ni'i( r.sHii', 
oii^ht not to be ctirried into operation ; 
but that all menii» <iui;hl to be adopted 
for securing to the ;■ criviltRc* 

to \khic.li llie Sl.iMi .\<'\s bud 

entitled them, nnd lli.i , .ble alteii. 

tion >liould bo directed to tlicir cnndition 
on the nriivdl nl their jieriod of eiiliiit 
freedom. The Hon. punt. rrtii«rked, th«l 
the (pie«tion had not, on the present oc. 
eii:>ion, lircn fiiiily put to the country — 
the ijuestion bciiij,'. not between slavery 
iind apprenticeship — for the latter hud 
been ^ub^tttiitialiy redurcrl more than one 
half »iiice the pciiod when xluvery had 
laen abolished — but simply one ol lime ; 
nnd lie Nubmilled thut it w(i«i M-areviy 
worth while to ygitate the ijuctition of a 
iciuporary abrid^i-irient of the peikod ol 

Hppreiiticohip, whin r.'nl ■■•■' Mts^hl 

so much better direct v nnd 

/eal toward* the ricKio '. <>p- 

pre>sed, with a view In the aiuciioration 
of their perniaiieiit condition, and the et- 
tabli.shmeiit of a »ociul Mstein in the 
colonies, and thus ttut only to exhibit u 
luetnoMlile coniiuiit between what would 
follow nnd (he piit^t diitk history of the 
colonie«, but iilho lu refute the npprchen- 
Monn ol those wliu tooled n ith lear tiud , 
liostility t" 'I"" pieiil rliHli^ elfccted 111 
ihr year '< /•'. Wilrunf liutited 

ihat the i I <i not xliillily itself I 

by resell ^ '■' i-'.cd mi ilie 

TM ill .M I'lopoMUgi 

rm nil .. K i* iIki I 

opinion o< ihM ItoiiM'. iliMi the rcxtitulioii . 
{>a*ird "I the S^Vd i>\ Stny xhntild Im' nu- 

I-iiivB^I 
\ tol 



I"' 



inri 
by , 
Mr. I 
Allet 



1&38.J 



Porliamenlart/ Proceedings. 



85 



dran«4 the Houm, — Sir Robert Peel 
complained of the conduct of Sir E. 
Wilmot, who, having carried his ]iro|)08i- 
tion by a small mRJority, bnd involved the 
Hoiwe in difficulties for which he had no 
iolulion. If the huii. f^'ntleman felt coii- 
%inced nf the justice of his resolution and 
the feasibiliiy of its execution, he ought 
to have beeu prepared with a Bill. For 
himself, he thought that it would be 
neither wise nor just suddenly to termi- 
nate the period of apprenticeship in the 
coionirs. It could not be doubted that a 
rootrart had been entered into by Parlia- 
ment, that in compensation for the loss 
of the labour of the slaves, there should 
be first a pecuniary grant made to the 
masters, and, secondly, that proprietorship 
in their labour as apprentices for a given 
period should be awarded as part of the 
compensation. After the best consider- 
ation he could give the subject, he could 
not bring himself to the belief that there 
had, on the part of the whole West India 
body, been such a violation of their duty 
aa to justify an interference like the one 
propoMd Iw the resolution of the 222d of 
May. If Exeter-hall was to take upon 
itself the functions of the House of Com- 
mons, there would soon be an end to that 
moral influence which Parliament bad 
heretofore exercised so advHntagcously. 
It was material, too, that they should set 
such an example on this great subject to 
foreign states as they might lie likely to 
follow, — a peaceful example, proreeding 
steadily to its close, not the alarming pre- 
cedent of an abrupt and perhaps tumul- 
tuous termination. — The ametidmcnt was 
supported by Mr, O'Connell and Dr. 
Ltuhirngton i and the original motion met 
the warm approval of Lord Stanley. 
When the House divided, there appeared 
— For the motion, 250; for the amend- 
ment 178: majority, 72. 

House or Lohus, Mny 31. 
The House resolved itself into u Com- 
mittee on the Irish Poou-law Bill, tak- 
ing up an adjourned debate on an amend- 
ment moved by Earl Fltzwillinm, to the 
effect that it shall not be lawful for the 
guardians to receive i n to the workhouse any 
poor person, unless he shall be blind, deaf, 
or dumb, or deprived of one or more of 
Us joints; or if a man, above the age of 
sixty vearn; or if a woman, above the age 
of finy years ; or if an orphan, under 
twelve years ; and that if a person, not of 
the above de8cri]>tions, be admitted, any 
three or mure of the ratepayers may 
appeal to the quarter sessions, and such 
rate, if the case be proved, be iiunshed. 
On a division, the original clauses were 
canicd by ■ majority of WJ aguiut 411. 



House or Commons. June 1 . 

The House went into committee 
on the laisii CoKroKATioN Bill, when 
Lord John Rtusellsfiid, that the Govern- 
ment eonld not, after the fullest con- 
sideratiou, consent to the franchise pro> 
posed by Sir Robert Peel, which was 
much too high. — Sir R. Pee/ could not 
give way on this subject. All his amend- 
ments were founded on the |)rinciplc of a 
high franchise. — Mr. O'Connell said, that 
a Bill with such a franchise would be 
thought no boon by the Irish people 
His wish was, not that the houses in the 
larger towns should be actually rated at 
10/. a year, but that where a rent of 10/. 
\ns paid in such towns, it should be taken 
for granted thnt the premises were worth 
that sun). With respect to the smaller 
towns, he should support a 5/. franchise, 
similar to the one which he had suggested 
for those containing a larger population. 
After a good deal of discussion, the ques- 
tion wns put to the vote, on Sir Robert 
Peel's amendment to the Gth clause, 
when there appeared — for the amend- 
ment, HI; for the clause as it stood ori- 
ginaily, 137; majority for Ministers, 26. 
The proposition of a 51. franchise for 
the smaller towns was then agreed to, 
after a good deal of discussion, in which 
Sir Robert Peel entered his protest against 
any other than a general franchise, found- 
ed upon an actual rating to the amount 
of 10/. 

June 6. Mr. Hume, in moving the 
second reading of the (^ounty Ratks 
Bill, said be understood the principle 
of Reform to be that there should no 
longer be any system of nomination, but 
that there should be election. The Cor- 
poration Reform Bill had most advanta- 
geously established this principle in bo- 
roughs. He was anxious that individnala 
paying county nites should have the same 
priWIeges as were now etijoyed in tho 
boroughs. There were large county re- 
venues, but those who paid the rates had 
no control over the inanogcment. He 
proposed that the county rate payers 
should elect the persons to manage not 
only the taxation but the use of the pro- 
duce of the taxes. He meant to leave to 
the magistrates all matters connected 
with justice, but he meant that individuals 
appointed solely by the Lords Lieuten- 
ants should not Iwvo the control of the 
finances. There was at present no check 
or control. — Colonel sAtAorp had read 
the bill, and he had never seen a greater 
chaos of nonsense. Its object was to 
degrade a meritorious body who bad dis- 
charged great services without remunera- 
tion. He moved, as »n amen&xncnV, y^anX. 
the bUl shoald be tm4 » •econii^ksnft t&nx 



Parliamentary Proceedings^ 



[July, 




day as months. On a dlvuion the num- 
bers were, 37 for the bill, nnd 106 for the 
amcnduieiic. 

Jn tUc committee on the £\(>i;n8es or 
Et.BCTiON3BiU,ColoDelSibthorpQchi(?ved 
a second triumph. Before nny proj^rcss 
had been made in coriftidoriiif; tliediiUJifa, 
the (^allniit colonel divided the Louse on the 
question timt the chaiinuui do ]e»ve the 
chair, >\ hen he wus in n tnujority of 71 to 13. 

The AlAaHiuo Woman's Bill vms de- 
feated, by a majority of 61) to 21, on the 
raotiou ot Sir E. Suffdmi, tliat it b« read 
a. iteeoiid time that day three monchf. 

The High Sui:IilJ''ios Bill experienced 
a similar late at the hunds of t ' 
General, whose moiioii to | ■ 
commitment for three motiihb i.„. ^^...1...^ 
without n diviuon. 

Juu« 8. Lord J, Rutseti moved the 
order of the diiy lor going into commit* 
tee on the BtNEi ices' Pi.URALini:» But.. 
— Mr. Ilmre* moved, us nn nniendnHnt, 
Ibut the biil Sihoiild Lc re-eornniittcil, for 
the piirpoiic of striking out uU thu^c 
clttusen thul wcie objectionultle. Smce 
tbe question bad been before ibe house, 
litost important petition had been pre- 
nted, signed by suty-three clergymen ; 
■nd they stated that ibey were B^ain«t 
the noble lord's bill, because there were 
no i.--^'i>i." "J«K)0 livings within the limits 
pi ihii* bill. Mr. C/oy seconded 

tlu 'lit. — Lord y. Rutieli under- 

iitoo^l ibe proposal of the bon. member 
to be, that the bill shouhl be re^eoinmit- 
ted, with the view of abolishing jilurvli- 
tios altogether. This que'stioii hitd been 
discussed already, and more pju liculorly 
by the hon. member lor Kilkenny. The 
hon. Kt-'Ktli'ninx ^n-ii, let (bert be no 
plunlitic*. Suppose a living of 301, 
or cren UU, o-year, and nobody «bould 
be found to fill it, tbc ncce«»nry conse- 
quence would be, thnt it would lie in- 

ettiv' '• • I- i.'ip to ask some 

Til ' to do (he duty, 
wl 'Uct to perform. 
II liible It wuK (0 iiboliish plu- 
- the hoii.meraLrT pr«»(iii«("d 
•ri of the '■'■ 
:iblc overv 

^y 



pulation of such two benefices do n« 
exceed 3000 souls, and the united in^ 
comeis of such two bc:icfirt>i> amount tc 
IcKS than 7o<)/. per annum," — iMr. Hum 
seconded tbc amendment, — Mr. C'tiuf^ 
bum said, be should t>e the first to throv 
out these provi^ions of the bill, if he con 
sidcred their cU'cct would be to benef 
tl„ ' ' ■ : : .; Ihl 

n.. : ilifl 

bt . ,1 ..^ .-...^-. per^^ 

roittcd tor the instructiou ot the people. 
It wui> quite a mii^tdkc to suppose that 
the present bill would merely tend to i_ 
rid of B amuil number of plurulitici^; i| 
' • ' V could not get rid i 

r \si(hout greater in.«| 
^'^: < — '-vcn injury to (he in- 
terests of religion than retiiiuin); thenvl 
could ever producv. lie thought tlmtJ 
in the present stiKe of church livings it] 
WH» much better to have a cumtc pcrnm. 
iiently resident than an ' ' ' liv- 

qucntly chunking. — Lord lullyl 

ngreed with those who li be- 

iieiices .should never be li ''ityti 

but lUi there were ii nunili il liv- 

ings incupttbic of maintuiiiing a i>i-idei)t'-1 
clergymen, he (hougtil, when such bene- 
hccs nerc Hitiiute widiin ten niiles of J 
each other, bestowing them in plurnlii]r| 
was ab^olutily iieces^Mry, uideM meunij 
could be iouiid for inci'ca»ing their value. 
The house divided, nnd the nunilK-ni \ 
were — for the motion, 53; nguinst it, u7, . 
Tbc clauses are therefore r<fained on thei 
bill. The re 1 1 ucre theu 

agreed to. — 1' 4 lor ibc 

introduction ol .. . Iionii 

Rtamp duty ull m < tcdj 

with the admission r (be 

annual rolue of VOOi, — Load J. JiuM*f{i\ 
Raw no rtwuoo fur i"<tPMdini^' this induU 
gence to ' ). He did ^ 

not deny ilic stump , 

duty burd. ■■ ,.>.i .,., ■ ...,..i.. 

claim Ull equal share ot i 

tbc thiug might go on ui 

be no revenue at all. 7 be- huu*e (bvn i 

divided, — lor the *-lmt«i*. Vti; ngninxt ii. 




ill JJ. I'rmry 

words — " And 



cUn,-i, uud tin: ituttcd j^u- 



^j^ 



cceding leu hi 
(tftfr ♦>!«' d»M- 



I iiliicv It vn 

^(i;k iL 1 b\: iivudc ir«iit into cvn- 



1838.] 



ParliatMHtttfy Proceedings. 



87 



uittee on the Ibibr Mitntopal Cor. 
lOKATioN BUI, and tbe committee hav- 
ing arrired at tbe sixth clause, Sir Robert 
Peti, in a long fipeech, again brouglit for. 
ward bis proposition, that in the case of 
the eleren principal toxms in Ireland, 
eontaining a population of more than 
15,000, to which corporations were to be 
conceded, and in all other instances where 
eoqwrate privileges were conferred, there 
abould be established an uniform fran- 
chise, whereby the voter should possess 
■ honse or tenement of the clear an- 
nnal value of 10/. to be determined by 
■n actual rating. He jvas not proposing 
what was unjust or insulting to Ireland, 
bat only what was necessary to insure the 
good local government of the towns, and 
tbe application of corporate privil^es to 
their proper purpose — not subserviency 
to factious interests, but the promotion 
of tbe welfare of the boroughs on which 
they were conferred. He had not made 
Ida proposition with a view to give a pre. 
poDdennce to a party, or to establish a 
■Moopoly in fiivour of any sect. — Lord 
Jailii Rtuaell expressed his sincere regret 
that th« hut speaker appeared to be de- 
termined to persevere in n proposition to 
which it \na impossible for bim to assent. 
Such a proposition would, if adopted, in 
the present condition of tbe large towns, 
beep alive the feeling that an invidious 
distinction was attempted to be maintained 
between different classes of her Majesty's 
rabjectB in Ireland. The House divided, 
for the clause, 286: for Sir R. Peel's 
Amendment, 206: majority for Minis- 
ten, 80. 

House of Lords, Jvne 12. 
The Lord Chanetllor moved the third 
reading of the Imprisonmk.vt for Dkbt 
Bill, which had been considerably altered 
in the select committee. The bill origin- 
ally abolished arrest for debt on mesne 
process, and on execution. In the com- 
mittee there was no doubt as to the pro- 



priety of abolishing arrest on nteme pro. 
cess; but great difficulty it \na found 
would attend the abolition of imprison* 
nient for debt on execution. The bill 
would give tbe creditor power, under a 
\nit of elegit, to take the whole profits 
of the debtor's estate, &c. instead of one 
moiety, as it was at present : it rendered 
property in the funds, with various other 
descriptions of property not now so avail- 
able, applicable to the discharge of the 
debt. This bill would, therefore, ^ve 
the creditor the power of putting into 
operation the practice of the Insolvent 
Debtors' Courl^ by which the debtor's pro. 
perty could be secured. — Lord Brougkam 
thought the bill a great improvement on 
the old law, and su^ested its extension 
to Ireland — Lord Abinger gave his con. 
sent to this bill, although he had great 
doubts of its good effect, and fears that 
it would not answer. The Ull was read 
a third time and passed. 

House of Commons, June 15. 

The Chancellor of the Exchequer 
submitted two resolutions, relating to 
the Sugar Duties. He considered that 
the present amount of drawback was 
more than it ought to be. When the 
subject was under discussion on a for. 
mer occasion. Lord Althorpe directed a 
series of experiments to be made t^ Dr. 
Ure. I*Yom those experiments, applie* 
able to British sugar, there was one re- 
sult, namely, that the entire drawback 
paid on renned sugar was greater than 
the duty on raw sugar. His proposition 
was that the drawback on double refined 
sugar should be reduced from 43». 2d. to 
36«. and on.singlc refined sugar from 36*. 
\0d. to 30». Agreed to. 

June Iti. Lord John Rtueell moved the 
third reading of the Souor and Man 
Bishopric Bill. — Dr. C. Luthington ob. 
jected to the motion. After a division 
for the third reading, 69 against 5, the 
bill was read a third time, and passed. 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



FRANCE. 

The trial of Hubert, Steuble, and 
oUiers, charged with a conspiracy against 
the King of the French, was terminated 
on Friday, May 2a. The jury brought 
in a verdict of guilty against five, and ac 
quitted the three others. Hubert was 
•entenced to transportation for life ; Ma- 
demoiselle Grouvelle, Steuble, and An- 
vX, his accomplices, to five years' im- 
nriiooraent ; and Giraud to three years. 
Tb« verdict of the jury excited the most 
violent uproar among the prisoners, the 
bur, and the whole auditor)^, Hubert, 
dnwiiy a icnife, attempted to stab bim- 



self, but was disarmed by the two muni, 
cipal guards seated by his side. The 
President ordered the guards to remove 
Hubert, but the accused offered a most 
desperate resistance, and it was with the 
utmost difficulty they were at last able to 
execute the orders of the Court. Groans, 
histies, and cries of " Murder! " were 
heard on all sides, and the President was 
obliged at last to call in the guards, and 
cause the boll to be cleared before he 
could pronounce judgment. 

CANADA. 

Lord Durham ucivedtt Q,uft\xcoiiV!b« 
27th of May. Fout day« tftet, <L\Nn!9iX&. 



89 



Domestic Occurrences. 



[Jaly. 



of United S(«»te« pirated nnd refuK<?e 
CttnHiiiftti Iruitors aeizctl upon ond burnt 
the Sir Kobt. Pfct steniner, lying pcitce- 



»bly at aiicbor in the riv»r St, Lawrenc, 
or iiikc Eric, nl a riik-ttnoe uf about spyt'it] 
iiiileK from hrrnch Crtek (Erie). 



DOMESTIC OCCURRKNCES. 

Mai/ II'. Rir C Price's Tiirpenlitie Sir Wm. C<iiirtciiav, but wlioso rptil nnm« 
Work^ titiiali^d at Mill-wnlU LimebouM', wns Joliii Ni<-h<)ll 'f horn, u nntivi-or ("oni. 
■n'tTL* lolally drstroyed by lire. On the \v.ill,bnil bei'ii iKuntiine t' " ' ' , 



nrriviil of the cnKines I lie distillery (ii 
building of upwiirds of 7t) fi-ct in leiijjih 
and cA\ in breadth) wiis wrapped in one 
sheet of lire. The distilUrry contuined 
MX boilers, all of which were full rhnrgcd 
luid nt wurk. There »°ere nlso four large 
utilU, which were full uf lirpior, reiidy to 
Iw buik'd itir, ihi ihc sluge of ihr dis- 
lillery were 2M barrels of rurjicntine, 
ready to be removed to the store bouses. 
The distillery is dindcd Irom the store- 
bouses and wnrehoHses by n niirrow road, 
known m the Ferry-wiilk. but they are 
eonneeted together by a funnel under the 
road. l)u eaeb side of this pM!i«Hj,'e wero 
bnrreU of turpentine, piled in he(i|is, iiiul 
the outsLdes had, by the tiiric in question, 
b«eii scorobed by the lIuincB, when the 
firemen, uC the risk of their lives, coin' 
menced digging up the earth, and com- 
pletely blocked lip the tunnel, and to tliis 
t'ireuui.<!tiiiiee Mloric the pti-siervation of the 
5lore« may bi- saiJ to be ow ing. 

Mttif 10. The annual nieetint: of the 
Britinh and fhreif/H TrtH/france Sveieif/ 
WM held at Eitrter Hall, the Earl 
Stanhope in the ehnir. 'J'hc number of 
inetiiltcrs who hnve joined the *otieiy 
during the year i;) hi,87H, inukini; n lolul 
of 13.11i!. Amongst ihosir " '■■' '"•^>' 
joined in the punt ycur are two >j 
ministers of various deni>iuij:i 
which, with 5*J() who hu\e joiia U wthir 
societies, make upwnrdk of 7llU ; medienl 
men, 'M ; lawyers, :i (luuj^htci ) ; officers 
in merrbont vessfl«, i'i ; mochei>, nursing 
on the system ^11 tchecr»^; larmerv, 
]%>; publicniiii and tavern-keepers, ll 
(Uughter) ; rnultAters, 1 1 ; and wioe and 
apirit-iiiLTt'liiinis, (>. The nuuibor of re- 
claimed drunkard>< its 9fli>7-, riu'laimed 
driuikurds in.'ilt >i|ind fo>i 'itr«o. 

cietii"^, from wtiom no rr, iveil, 

1411; uiiikiiii; a toral <ii ..... .. .urined 

drunkuids ; iiliKtainerx, but not mend»en«, 
lfi7(l ; dikliilery nftppped, I -, brewerie« 
stopped, li; public iiounes Kluit up, iH; 
ujul e»ci>«'n»en ditrontitiueij, )l. The re. 
i^fiptt o) the society for iV 
toVHll. Il«. 1(1./. Th, 

lltnt -iiMi MiilllK ^'!/ irii 
n t<ir tlir" I' 

t- iibjprt of t 



/ Mf'fM'yiJiii , 



. 1 (// lllll\.l' 



lllllll' llll II 



nilioiii^ the rustics in the 
ii{|;uinNt the opi ration of I lie , . .. .. , ....J, 
other grievancea, until at length lie 
setnbled a numerous lioily of followera,] 
<.>!■ Monday, Muy iJH, they sallied fortli] 
from the village pf Houghton, where! 
they boui;bt bread, and prixeeded to ihfl] 
bnuse of Wills, one of the piirly, mar] 
Fairbrook. A hutf wns broken usntider, f 
and placed on a ]iule, with a llu^' ol white i 
and blue, and a rampant lion, Thence | 
they proceeded to]l>oodnesfone, near Fn- \ 
vei^hum, producing throu;;hoiit the whole I 
neif;hbourhood the greatest excitement, i 
and adding to their num^terx by the haran.1 
gues oera.sionally delivered by this illfatetl j 
madman. At this fojin, (Jourtenoy stnteili 
that. " he would strike the bloody blow j " j 
and they made an ineffective attempt 1 
to Net fire ton bciui-otack. They next pro.! 
ceeded toafarm at Ilenu-hill, where ( "ouite- j 
nay requested the inmates to ttid hi<i 
friends, and the request wu!> imtiiediaielyl 
complied with. Their next visit vvoi at 
Uar^Bte-coiumon, where Sir William, tmk- I 
ing oH' hi.'i .^hoeK, Kaid, " 1 now ^tand on I 
my own lM»tlom." Byhi.s desire, his poor] 
i(elude<l followerK then fell on their kiu-es 
and lu prnyed lor half un h<nir; they then 
procccdcil to IJossendcn-tnrm, where tlwy | 
Kupprd, nnd slept in the barn. At three j 
o'clock un Tuesday morninj; they left, 
and proceeded to SittiuKbourne to break' 
fast, where Sir William paid iwcnty-fivM | 
shillings; they then nsifcd Ncwnham, 
where a <<in)ilur treat was g^wvn nt the { 
tfCorKe. After VMiting Kasding, Throw, 
ley, ^eldwi(■h, Lcps, and Selling, and oi'»j 
coiiionly addrc<-sinK the populace, holdin|(l 
out to them hui-ii inducements as aref 
usually tnaih> by persons deairous ori 
cre.iiJM^ a diilnrlwnce, he liidted in nj 
i-lmlkpit t<i rett, and ou Wednesday 
evening relumed In < ulver't larm, at 
Uu««i'iideli. A fanner under tlie hill, 
Mr. (jurliriy;, tiaving bad hiK men«edur<Hl 
from theu' emphiynieiit, at iIiik tlhie uuid>* 
an ap)ilii-wtion for fheir ap|ireheu«lfin, 



. aod. Oil ' 
. i«. be iMtii 

illd »\u>{ 1oill,UMi'l \Ml|l-|i Irr 



1838.] 

I(itt>. .in.J 



iiulli-fi (1 ft v» iiiiinl upon liim willi 
• '■ 'iiiM? of some of 

ti'' . llii-n rhri'iv lln' 

l»" Tl.e two otliiT coii- 

•' tx)tU Imi'k to the iim- 

CI-- . 1 . ; i; ,ii, i| the fnpts. Tlip 

ecu. I' - v ;■ :i(,,', II u • iti< of KU-nt ulunn 
ariit rxi III in. ii(, iiii-i It v.iij deomcd cx|)C- 
dient to tvml u» < anft'rbiiry lor a party 
of miDtnry I5y tlii« time llic whole body 
i^'- ti.i (I d«?ep mid sequestered 

pu! vood. Mlicre Sir Wiliinm 

•1' ' ' ■ Ibcrcms to 

In I thudi to 

•1' ' , ■* ^ ihefoldierw, 

^ ith tbe prente^t santffroid, 

»«' ■ .- ly shot. Iii'forc tlie men, 

Litut. iiciiiitJtt, of ihc kith rcgt. who was 
in •dTiTicc of his party, and who fell dead 
upon tlic spot. Tbe solditrs then iin- 
ni«'diat*ly fired ; Sir William was one of 
the fir«t killed, and in a few inoiiients 
ten lives were suicrificed, and Nercrul 
md^rrcd mpple« for the refoutnder of 
their diiy«. An inquisition on llic l>ody 
of NirhuliiM MfBfs was held on Thursdny 
M>d Fri''- • ■ ' ■' .' jury retiirix'd a vef- 
diet 01 (Icr aiETaini^t six per- 

*0D», tiii; ^ lain Percy Honywood 

C«(irleniiy {^atiat John NiuhoU Thorn), 
Wm Hiirfnrd, William Price, Thomas 
M Ivlcr, Alexander Koad, and 

On .^aiiiiiniy an inquest was held on 
iW body of Lieut. lienry Boswell Uen. 
aett, and the jury returned n vcrdiet of 
wilful murder iigainst Wni. Courtuniiy, 
Edwftnl Wmipht Ihe elder. P^dwiird 
Wnugbt the youn(.'er, Thomo!; Menrs 
oKiu T^ler, James Goodwin, Wni. Wills, 
Wm. Forstrr, Henry [{iidlow, Alexander 
Koad, I'liiriciiH lliirvi.y, John Spratt, 
Stephen Huker, \S ilhuui Burford. Tho- 
miM GriKifs, John Siik, George Bmn- 
rlictt, Kdwnrd C'urling, Geo. Griggs, 
Olid Win. Kye. Of thosp, Courtenjiy, 
Foster. Baker, Burford, 1'. Grieg*. G. 
Oriim'. E. Wr«i(jht, Ilnrvey, and Brnn- 
ebctt were dend. Thomas M«?ars alim 
Tyler, who was cuu»in to iliu niiirdeu-d 
eoostalitr, was wounded. Alexander 
Fniid, who it a fiirmer, posseising a free- 
Itold of M arres, and in very ronifurtuble 
rimimstaneen, n-aa severely wounded, Of 
thf 'together eight were sluiit 

01.' (even wounded — two of 

till. - 'j' *-^f those who opposed 

thfui in Dupport of the Imw two were 
killed Hiiri one wounded, Twenty-three 
privoiiert were coininitled to Fcvershnm 
gaol. 

^' '' ', inquest was held on 

tl) ('dtt, who wii« shot 

ill ^ ■- verdiet was that the 

At' -hvt \jy tteeideiit by tbe mU 



sr 

litnry in llic execution of their duty. 
Inqiiest>i were then held on Courtenay, 
alioi 'J'hiini, the iinlinppy euiise of ttll thia 
nielunrUoly loss of life, and the eighC 
otIuT dend rioierii. In nil the ease* ver- 
diets ol jnstifitiblo homicide were re- 
turiifd, 

Sir W, Courtenay first appeared at 
Canterbury in the Michaelmas of 1838 ; 
and the first rumour wits, that nnercentrie 
charaetcr was living at the Hose inn, who 
p.i!<sed iiinler the name of Ck)Uiit Roths- 
child. His eountcnance and attire denoted 
foreign extraction, while his language and 
conversation showed that he was well 
acquainted with almost every part of the 
kingdom. He often decked h\* person 
with a gay and imposing costume. In 
December of the same year he surprised 
the citizens of Canterbury by proposing 
himself as a candidate for the representa- 
tion of the city in Parliament, and created 
an etitertrtining contefit for tbe honour 
long after the sitting eandidules had com- 
posed iheinselvcB to the delightful vision 
of an unexpensive and unopposed return. 
He was also a candidate for tbe eastern 
division of the county, hut polled only 
four votes ; still he studied with more 
ardour and vigilance than before to capti- 
vate the affections of the lower orders in 
the rity. He made it known that his 
condescension was as great as his rank 
and wealth, and that he should be willing 
to accept of invitations to visit the burn- 
blest fiimilies — to eat and drink at the 
licasant'j and the labourer's table — to 
make one of a larger or smaller party at 
tho lowest public house — to enrol bi.s 
name in the meanest society. So nume- 
rous were his cngugements, that be was 
obliged to run or ride from bouse to 
house, taking a slight repast at each, and 
gencnilly concluding the day at a. banquet 
prepared by a number of his new friends 
jn some obscure club -room. 

In Feb. 1833, on the examination of 
Rome smugglers before the mngistmtes at 
Iloehester, Sir William made his appear- 
ance, aliired in a grotesque costume, as a 
knight of Malta, and having a small cime- 
t:ir suHpended from his neck by a massive 
gold chain. On one of the men being 
examined. Sir William became bis advo- 
cate; but the man being convicted, a 
professional i,^eiidemaii defended the next, 
and Sir William presented Liuiself as a 
witness ; when be swore that he taw the 
whole transaction between the revenue 
cruiser and smuggler'^, and wa« positive 
that the tub':, stated to have come from 
the latter, had been floating about in the 
sea all the inoiniut:, and were not thro\^n 
overboard from tfuit ve*%el. The %«\\.- 
citors tor Ute c\islom«,, \itvv\\\^ \v\Aq!mX)V«& 



n 



^"'^'"^^■^- 



'90 ^mi^m. Domettic Occurrencet. ammmm. [July, 

evidence that thU testimony woi Wse; in wliich he was insnrrd, 3.000/, — a sum 
determined to proceed ngninst the indivi. far boyund what it wns thought he coutd 
dual who liad been Riiiltytif sircli h public leiptimntcly be possessed of. Some two 
and daring act of p«;)jiiry. The trial years nfter he freighted a vessel to Liver- 
came on at Mnid<itaiie on the ilAh of i>ool with a large quantity of malt, which 
July, IHXi, when he %vs6 found guilty of he followed and diitposcd of, slid iben 
wilful and corrupt perjury, and sentenced became a waiiderin;^ adventurer, 
to imprisonment in jail for three ralendar Mr, Ain«worth haa made him the ori> 
months, and to be transported for the ginal of a iryp^y rharnrtcr called the 
term of seven years. Before, however, " ruffler," in bis novel of llookwood, pub- 
the three months' imprisonment had ex- lit>hed u few ireara ago. 
pired, it was found that Sir William was It appeara'that the delution among the 
completely out of bin aensen ; and he was peasantry wa* no great thnt they would 
sent to the Kent Lunatic Asylum, at hove attacked two thousand soldiers. 
Banning, where he has been confined having been peraiflded by Courrenny that 
until, oil the application of his father, ibey could not be shot. He blaspliiN 
through the interest of Mr. Turner, niously styled himself the Saviour of the 
M P. for Truro (with whom he had l>een world ; he also represented himself a* in- 
sevcnyeari head clerk) find Sir II. Vivian, vulnerable to steel or iiboi, uiid had 
Bart, be was released in October last, deluded numbers into the belief (hat, 
Ilia father engaging ,to be answerable for though he appeared dend, he would 
^^ hia rondurt. __ rise again on the third day, and lend his 
^K Sir \V. H. P. Couttenay, Knight of followers on to victory. A woman of 
^P Malta, as the wretched man styled him- the name of Culver had been told hj 
^^ aelf, was no other than Mr. John Nicholl this impostor, that if she got some water. 
Thorn, the son of a small farmer and and placed it on bis mouth, in r'a<>e he was 
maltster at St, Columb in Cornwall ; and sljot, he would shortly revive. On hear- 
fifteen years since cellannan to the highly iiig of hi ^ death, the woman filled a vt-ssel 
^^ rcapccted firm of Pluracr and Turner, with water, walked half a mile with il, 
^K wine-merrhniits at Truro. Some ten and, in compliance with IiIm instructions, 
^f years since he himself commenced the placed it on his lips. She was appre- 
I trade of a mBlt»ter and liop dealer, and for ncnded by order of tlie magistrntei, 

three or four years conducted it with The body of Courtenav was buried at 

^H apjiarent respectability. At that period Hemc-hill. as alto were those of most of 

^H his premiset were destroyed by fire, and the other t^lain rioters they having Ik'cu 

^M he claimed and received for lua alleged cbiet)y inlinhitants of that phue and Dun- 

Ion of propeny from tlic oftni utd officea kirk. 

^^H PUOMOTIONS, PREFERMENTS, &c. 

^^^^ Gazette Promotions. ^.<"""- '--''•' r-- - -■ md « 

Uran ity. 

April y». Ijrut.-Ol. GforK-J! finwler to be CIiat , rfy 

Governor Snd (V.Tnnir.n.l, r.iii..lii. f Hi Snuth Vtl I -i.mmi|i], >'• lli(. 

AiiKlralm; Join rnur coiii . 

aaU Commam^' -.trS' ./„ ;iel,io lieGnxjni 

^_ lit i atU] Henr> I ..;.rRllll m Ui.i.i;ii; >.> .>: , ..w.m -l^ 

^K CouiiMiider-in . inn. June \i. John Ixxizc, of Uo«Uilln, fo. Tar- 

^H i/n* 2S. J. r le Kxon or n»r»nf4, f«.|. in rj-MK-*' »"•'"• intuKirv of hN 

^H Corporal of I In > ■' — •' ,„.(<. 

■ „*«3'»> J' , 10 

^H lUlrauriluiiu-y i' .-j 

^ J"-' ""' 1". > -■■. - IJ.- 

lOTl ' ,j| 

''> C. A. Murrav to lie Msnternt i ,„i' 

Uer .^....i. , .,,„„, •'"'• 

Ha< : nt l>ulilin, WtlUam Leeson, «*q. 

X;^' .■-... ..,. ■' ri.w. ,,p|>oiDt«0 tslirr to the Orxt«r of W. 

Ch' l^rnrk. 
J' »Too«l, e»q. Koii anil brir 

IBlBa > "^ 

■MnuU CaM. Jsn'. iffi. r. |l. 

tlie "f"- ...,-( t\'t"--- - ■! 

tj».. l(. 

II.N, m 

^ijij ....,,.,.,,,,,,,,,,,,,, M ,,,,, ,,, ,,,, i^ticrn til III' iv»ii:tr, i.mmi, ,i ^-ir*!, i,* tik *•.»!. 

fr js^ugai, la tctrpt ilw Jatignu ot Knff ht cano i UruJ. (J. Drew, lo the llan*r. 

i 



\83B.J 



Preferments.— Birlhi and Marriages. 



*tr 



' to terre in ParUumtnt. 

' ■ ' Ksq. 



EcCLCbUITICAl. Vl L K^. 

„ t. H, Hunttni:ford to tic * OiDon of livn- 

■•• '• -^ l.'r»an, St. Paul's eiiiacotwl 

i> 1 jnicloii P.C. CUeshlre. 

K<-». f.iiiu uuiivr, (uwirk K. Nitrlbtk. 

Rrr. C. J. r*rtiirrl?hf, Hwkiiionawik* P.C. 

R. " ■ ■• ' ■ ' ■ • • •■ 

i( -et. 

H 

r; 



j; 



M. Al UlilllUMllIi' IM . I limb. 

Wclfurd Willi ."iiUbertoft V. co. 



JU-T t I.IK iiTiPld. Grrit Liiitoril R. Uuckii. 
Her. D. F. MMiham, Urtnt llorkpslvy U. 

R. ■ " ■■ ": '.Vnrc. 

K 

i; 

l: 



, HolUim, R, 
U Norfolk. 
P.C. in tlie 



R' . -.11. 

K .;:fonl. 

IC. M»Vo. 

Ri-. \^ It 1'. >viii.i, (.-,111411)11 MUi'iice R. 

I>ur*<-t. 

lu r 1 Wdftnn. T'oi1f|lTi:ftoij V. CO. N'lrton. 

II ■ •■ r.i. Ynrk. 

!■ 1 V. CO. N'pii. 

11 Jill nilli XJIiJii^haDi, 

U' \ iitdiiATa, Frlliritrfce ud Melton 

Ion ICR. Norfolk; 

CHArtAINS. 

Rtr. C DaniH tn tlm Mnrr|Tti<i nf Slifro. 

R/ ' ■■ •' ciuconsbcrry. 

jl . - rry. 



rivTi PnrrmwrvTu. 

I'll onJinary 

.1 rresidcnl of 

M.A. to Ik> Hicti 
-il, ikiid Mr. C.U, 
I .lilt Mustpr. 
'I ii> Iwitiiril Mastrr 

t»iit MAAtor 

iJ. 
. ;.oter uf Andu- 



vc» fntutuM Kliwi. 



BIRTHS. 
t, TlM* wiff at tlii< R^«. R. A'Conrt 

V. .. ..!■ f .. .r,, ^ j,u ,s_ In 

■rtr, iJtc wife nf K. 

n. IM At Ik'M-ll 



ley, t »ou. 2i, Jn E.ilon -su. the L_ 

Byng, « d«u. M. ITii' wife of Jokn ( 

i!si|. of UMlmp'iH'uurt. IhToii, a duo.— I 
In Wiltoii-rrMrtMit, Mrs. Tolleniiiche. a 80 

31. Ill .*^t. James's-9<j. Lady GrorgiauA 

(.'. Grey, a dau. 

Laltty. At Wyfold-aiuji, Oxfordshiii', .MnJ 

Arnot, a son. In Dublin, tbc bdy of Sir BJL 

R. Boroujb, Uiiri. a son, Ijidy Conrteiur* 

a d&u. At Brighton, Lady Jane Knox, • 

dau. 

June 1 . In Park-plare, Ibe OuchMS of neJUb,g 

fort, a dau. 3. In Portlaod-pbu-p, the will 

of J. WiitraiD, e«q. a son. J, At Kilto( 

Housr, Glouf . the wife of the Rev. A. A. Dau 

l)»ny. B aou. At Jennings, Kent, ibe wife i 

K. B. Curtets, I'liq. a son and heir.- 
At Ile<llyni.-b Houiie, tlic vtff of Tliomn 

^'illiani Coventry, rw. a son. The will 

of the Met. P. J. Courtenay, Rnrtor o 

North n"' i>"-"i, n sou. h. The wife ( 

the \\.r\ ■ '..ondeii, Rector of Ea«t'^ 

wrll, K' — ^7. At I.iOn^(>a, 



LtdifieUi, .... 

n ilou. «. I hif will 

.Master of Christ's ( 
13. At Ganington, o^, 
VV. B, l>u»«y, a 8011. 



'<■■' -ii'inrt Mi\jpntiie^1 
lir. Graham^l 
■ a d.iu. — --} 
...cuf the Bcr, 



^1 the Ni-w \ iUn<(>. I 
I tlie Htv. Charles \Vi 



aiARRIAGES. 

Ajarit 23. At Hori-ncc, llie Pnke Hs St. Lea,^ 

ex-King- of Holland, to tlu- .Siunora 8tTX>ul.' 

24. Ac St. I'aiicnui, Stephen Hall, esif. 

M.D. of KeniiiuKlon, to Ann, .uTond d 
tlir \-M.- fh.-ii-l,., rii,. iir i-v,i i.f M.lii..iiir< 
G. K 

A\ I 

shay, tsu. ui Odncy Uatili. Al St. Ji 

Westminster, Jainea Kerr R>Tnrt, ax\, 

('iril .1«r\'irp, to Ocorgiaiia, eldest dau. vr^m 

Rer. KiJward R<?pton. At St. James's till 

R»;». Clift«t. (-'larki', ddcsl son of Sir Chas. M. 
tnarke. Uart. of li.irin". (....r., v..iinik, to 
Ro>tt Mary, d' r, c»f|, 

of tA)rk-st. •. Johq 

Panloe, U.A. t.i i .... .orife 

lliornhill, <,»q. .\l. Iv .'-'1, 

linn.-**!!. Viscount 0.1 i.ii.'-i, 

only dau. of K0I ■ n i .|. uf 

Frystone Hall, '1 v, the 

Rev. ThoR. C\ M,ina» 

Child, eso. of 1-1 . , . .;.:^, datu 

of J. Fieldi-r, vst>\. At Ir'uihain, Ifaomaa 

Vxcia Pennm-, e.sij. Jan. B.A. to Mary Anne, 
youiifest diu. of the Ute G. O. Ko«s, es,^, 

of th<s Cat* of Good Hope. .\t Saint 

Marvlelione. Thomas Williams, of B^-rbice.^ 
j.A,|i,. \i .1.1.1. ,.i,!.,.t .i„„ .,f « J. IMttar, of^ 

*■ nrk-st. OM|. 

bx: lien, B.A. to 

Jiiii.. ;, ■ 1 ., . . 0. .\. lArob, . 

n.I>. Kwtor of lilvii, riui4ii. 26. At Si, 

Marvlobone, the Rev. II. T. Parker, Vicar of' 

HI,Hfl'.li..'.l Il..r.,-r, I,. .I;,r,,.. x.uutf^mt daU. of , 

til. M, eo. Kent. 

— I'apt.Harrr 

Kyi , ..,.. ! the Ute W. ' 

Parker, c- 1 -xj. WilUam Talker, 

i.-«u|. of II DartfonI, to Klizalietli, 

dau. of III, .„. li Talbot, esij. of r 

Castle. At bray, Berk», F. P. Harfop 

late of the 3d Gllard^•. to lyouisa-Rliu-I 
ff.f.,.,,.1 ii'oi ,.r Ti.. I k.i' 1,'..^ 11 1. I 

nil ' 

111 15 

Wi:.;... ■ 

ii;;i-r nf ■ lliain' 

Weill., . Mai- 

well, «i.l., . I.. .... .ill, 

IJerka. 27. At Killnrry. U«f-ir.- Co. th«|j 

Earl of Cloumcl to the Hon, Annette Burgh,/ 



tM^^tk 



JHUBMh 



9i 



Ittnrrh 



mt>es. 



[July. 



cKlMt 'Uti. of L«r<l rv. 

AMirv clmri li, ttalh, I. 



a. At Uie 
. IM Krii- 
g«l LigM Cnv. I« Anw I ' i-iiic. t-lilost 

nau. of Li'-ul.-Col, KirkntKid, oi' L'asllctdwii, 
CO. Sliffo. 

J/oy I. At Furehnni, the K»>v. P. TlirMhrr, 
M.A Xo EliMl»etli, rldeM lUii. of tlic Kcv. W. 
Harrison, Vicar of Furchaiii, iiml l'rcl>, iif 

Wjiich«r»lcr. At IVort-hmstcr, Vvv(\. Tlios. 

Millrr, r!>(i. lu Mnnnnli Miiria, only cliilil uf 
thp HcY. uv«ii Davieh, Rector of All .Saiulf, in 

that lowii. rrt'ilcrii-k PiilsU-y, «*sti, M.l>. fii 

flora Amir, •irruiirl ilau. of the t(«rv'. Joliii 

Willis, Ri'i iiir of Sontli Ppitoii, rvirsrt. At 

St. litor^f'*, Dublin. T. I'akfnliaui, ctn\. lair 
of Bengal Civil s^^^rvicc, to .Snnih J.iiir, rrll<t of 

AV. Johnston, csii. SIst rcirt. At llroiiilry, 

Kent,- the llev. William llilUjanl, Kci|..r of 
-Mnrliet Pcopinc, to Htii)liia, fiinrlh il.-m. of 
the late RcT. Jnlin Hlldvinl, ^'ii-ar of Honliy 

and Horkstow. ro. Linrolh.^ At All ^oul*', 

Mtrylcbotie, >'. S. Kliint, f so. of Craldicll, Sus- 
sex, to Mary, only <]aii. of tlic latr Itcv. Jolin 

Oianrller. Rector of Whitley, .''urrcy. At 

>'ulbam,S. .Sladp,esi].to Hanhn)i,)oiiiii;(>stilaii. 
iif the late Riyht Kev. R. titanser, V.l). (drincrly 

}Ji*hO|> of Nova Scotia. 2. At .Mortlakc, 

the Rev. Horace Oore tMrrie, to the Hon. Char- 
lotto Adilin^-tou, thin) ilaii. iif Ijinl \'iw. Sid- 
mouth. — At ."^t. Leoiianrs-on-lhe-Sen, .Sairiuel, 
son of 8. Newton, esq. i>f Crnvton-nark, Canib. 
In Kliul>etli, <lau. of t'hoiiiLf St. (iniiilin. cs'). 

of Ilatley Park. ,1. At Hru«MlN, riios. Uoth- 

ncll, e!>i|. of hlark-ca.itlr, ro. Mcatii, to I'i-Ance5 
.Siilncy, third ilau. of the late Hon. and 

Rev. 'Arthur Vesc). At Trinity (.'hurch, 

Marylehijiie, the Rev. Fl■Bnci^< lI<iil;,'-.on. Arrh- 
•leacon of Derby, to Kli7..ibetli, lenintl dan. of 

Uinl Denmaii.' At Fonliii?liri>lKfi Hauf.i, 

Jame.i Ale.x. Soton, eaq. late of lit UrHcuuii 
Ouanla. to Anne Snsannah, eldest <Lna. of John 
Wakefield, mi - \t river Itrun^iiton, Notl.'<, 
llie Rev. \i r, Uoftor of llccliley, 

Snssex, 111 Minni,'vst dnn. of llie 

Rrv. J. Iliii ipf <»ver Hnioffliiun. 

At Lcaniini^tjii, Uu lltv- Jainc* S[in', liicuin- 
Itenl of \Yc»t UroniMirh, to Rcbeira, relirl of 

Henry Hunt, esq. of the Brade^. AtTich- 

♦ielfl, Capt. James \. MiuTay, R.X. <inn of the 
late I/jrJ W. Murray, to Julia, il.iii. of the late 
J. L)clmc>, e.sn. of C'Riii<<hHll, r.ireham, llant^. 

M Cricklionel, U. J. Lucas, ciq. M.l>. to 

BliMbeth, eldest tlau. nf theltev. G. J. Devan. 

^S. At Cheddttn Filtpaine, Sim. the Rev. 

Kohl. .Moore, yonnijest stni of the Rev, Koht. 
Moore, I'reb. iif Cinterbury, to Cliarlutte, third 
d»U. nf llic Kev. Dr. Whn., I'ul,. of WrIW, 

ami Reitor of Oicdih .Vt St. 

GeorKeV, Hanover-s4j. I irr, >-mi. uf 

Itorde-hill, Susaex, to i .>r the l.ite 

John Dent. esq. M.V. - a. S. ll.'^jdon, esq. 
only son of W. HnyiUm, esq. of .Mill-niraii- 
hnuae, near Ciuihlfnrd, to Faiiuy, fttth dan. 
of the Rev. n. Ik-lhell, Fellow of Uton. 

Worplcsdon. At Trinity 

Mil , till- l(.i. .1 I. t;,»lii.n, 
1 • 'iir^, 

M'll- 

w. 

urt, 

■iiie» 

It). 

'irpr, 
ftr, 




Cl«} U*U| W J«U« AltUi hiiUii iUu. Ul ^UlUU 



Pryor, rv\. of Rahloek. At Uuildfonl, C. 

Mnnirer, enq. I',. I t'o.'f" Service, and of tinern- 
rtc>. Ill Julia, oldc-tt dan. of the Kev. C. Itelin, 

Head Ma.ster of the (.uiildfoni School. ^John 

I'lnnitain KIwin, esci. iit rili.roy-st. to KliM- 

betli. dmi. of l,«dy 11i.-.Ml(,«i» Hli),'li. IS. At 

Floreme, llie lU'V. John Jaiue'i. Rector t)f 
Rjiniimr^h, Yorkiihtre, >ion of John Jninea, 
t-M\, of l.ydnev, filmic, to Throdosla Mary, 
dan, of till.' late \Viii. Tennant.r'iq. of Uriglilvn, 

and niece to the I'Jirl of Yaf|jiiniii(h. M 

Norlti .MooNis, :li,' lli.il. r.liouiiit I'r.iii|ia, 
broti > l.,r». 

Mr* • lin 

t'nnip' ' -Ma. 

- — -At l.tinnHO[ili, n NiLl.idl, 

esi|. of tlie Mid^Ile T' .ill Jmir, 

eldest dun. of the Kev. < > li. At 

^1. (je()iffe'.«, llulmu, Mjii.i Ui; • r, tlie Rev. 
('hnrlcfi ¥. Ilalilnin, St. A. second son nf l^ 
llaUlwiii, es(t. of CiroVf Hill, r.iiol..rv\. II. to 
}{elcci Jane, eliliiit dan. nf Jolr .of 

Hnline. Joseph, son ol Mr ' n- 

tiill, of Staiioiiei-s'-hf>II, to V^^ii. i ""d 

dau. of Richard Kykyn, esq. ufrrcmrli liiid. 

At St. Ueorin?*!<, llaiiover-.si| the Kev. H. 

S. Ptillaid. M.A. second son of R. H. Pollard, 
esq. of Mretiiell-house, ltroiui>lon, to Anno 
liatiella. dati. nf tbi- Inlo W. t'nasif. e^i, of the 

i'tland of St. Vimi-iii. \l ^t. NliT:\liii<.ne, 

Arthur Martin a' I' n of 

Wm. a'lkNkell, > mA 

Ixjllls!!. I Ml ^l il:. > in, 

e-iq. I'l "f- 

ton, > lira 

dau. • _ 

AIM \* His. of 

Whi. it dan. of 

the l; -I I'hiliii'a, 

Uu'UMiul, llu- Ula. j. h. ll.ui.Uton, M.A. 
Vicar of Sheeiwlieil, Leic. to Ann, ynuni^eat 

.i.-"!. .>r ti.. n- 1, •nllM,,.^^ n..iii. m.a. -At 



Nirl; 
Elil..nli 

hall. Al liiiiity Cliuiili, i l 

Fryer, esq. of Wiinborne, to I i , 

only dau. of J. Kuliai.K. 

and of Hagley, Wore. — 
rhnrch, J. Williaiiix, so 



•n: of R, 

1. to Ann 
t M illen. 

I. » W. 

I I i.-irea, 
.■•ice, 



to Kniiii 
ofK. 
sq. .1 
betli, 1 
llroinjitiio 
21. .Vt St. 1 
cleik. r,ii 
|i:ntn- 
Iniriii 



il.i^i.i.f . 



1- 



93 



OBITUARY. 



PjllNC-C Tai.i.j.yiiam). 

J/ay 17. At his boU-l in the Rue de 
HoTMitio, at Paris, iit hit, 8kh yL-ar, 
Prime Tallcyraiid. 

Cliarlc» MnuriccdcTiillcyrand PerigorJ 
i born ut Puris in 17jl. lie ivns dc- 
]ed from one of llic oldi'^t ond most 
Mrioui houses of France, which, during 
t!ic middle ages, were lords of «lie district 
of Qucrcv; and nt an early age, as a 
roungiT btolhcr, \va« destined for the 
church. His ecclesituticul education wb* 
lormrd ut the kcminary of St. Sulpice, 
»nd hi9 laleiils for public business were 
iilrc»dy so strongly developed, that in 1780 
lie W8S nsiiic'd ^\fe'cnt. General for the 
cU-rgy, In 17»8 be WHS eoiiseiruteJ Bi- 
shop of AiKiin, and the ycnr iifler wus 
eltHrti'd deputy of the clergv of hin diocese 
lo I' ffcnci-ttl. At thiit nioinen. 

If'^ jnbeau pcreeivcd the extent 

of L. . ., and fiijnnlizcd him its one 

of the mon powerful and versatile of the 
mtn of genuis who then abounded in 
Europi'. He proposed several important 
niniiiircfl to the State9, anions; others the 
tapprrtsion of tithes and the appropria- 
tion of the property of the clergy lo the 
nantiul the public treasury. In 1790 he 
wms njiined President, find in the same 
tear ofliciHted .it thealtar in theChump do 
Alaiit on llic Any of the Nulional Federn- 
tioti. He sulifif(|ni'ntly consecrated I he 
til ■' ■ • ' V .' , ,11(1 for this 

H. PiuB VI. 

Hi .. „ „. ..„, ..c of Autun, 

•nd his circlioii ns) n mi inber of the direc- 
tory for the department of Pnris, followed 
«oon mflrr. He was left by Mirabcuu na 
one ol'his executors, nnd in \Tii2 wnssent 
irif " ' "on II >ccret mission, together 
»i :\clin, the uniliiLbnaddr. The 

f'< uistratJoii under ^Ir. Pitt, 

af' ily receiving the French eii- 

*■' uHily ordered them to Icftve 

ihe cuuiiuv within tMeiity-four hours. 
M. d« Tulleynind ntumtd to Purih, the 
day a/ter the 1 0th of Au^ni^^t, and wns 
indebted to Da II ton for a narrow escnpc 
from a«Kn$sitiation. He then left Frnncc 
for the United Stntes, and remained there, 
mcaged. It is said, in commereiul specu- 
lations (ill ITHG, when he wua recalled by 
a decree of the Convention. In 175/7, nftcr 
ihi- I8»h Kru<t ' ' I- appointed lli- 
nintt-r of Ft'ii and supported 

wilti 111'' ii-n- itilc *nn{/ fnjiil 

Xh im bv:)ll parties. 

T»' ■ H?th IJruinaire 

occuiTtfl. Nujiijliiiii became First Con- 
sul, and M. dc Xallcynuid vvntinueil us 



Foreign Minister. lu ISOii a brief from 
Pius VII. releused the ex-UiKhop of 
Autun from his ccclcitiaBticHi ties, and he 
shortly after married Mudume Urandt, of 
Ilumburgh. The rivalry of Foiicbe and 
M. de Talleyrand then followed, iind to 
the ultimate advaniiige of (he hitter, who, 
on Kupoleoii becoming Emperor in I60<i, 
waa elevated to the rank of Prince of Be- 
nevetito, and Grand Chamberlain of the 
Empire. The next year be was sue 
cecded as minister by al. dc Chunipa^ny, 
Duke de Cadore, nnd wiis named Viee- 
Grund Elector ; but from this period his 
alienation from Napoleon may lie dated ; 
he dis)ip|>rovcd of the Emperor's ng^ri^. 
sions ill Spitiii ; mid in 1814 was upiioiiited 
president of the provisional government 
of France, until the arrival of the Comtc 
d'Artois. He was PVcnch Commissioner 
nt the Congi'e^s of Vienna, and on the 
tinal return of Louis X V'lll. in 1BI5, he 
resumed the portfolio of Foreign affairs 
as President ot the (ktuncil, but resigned 
before the oid of the year, from his dis- 
approlMtion of the tendencies of the go- 
■\eriiment. From this period he remained 
near the person of the Sovereign in virtue 
of his title as Chuniberlain, and ultimately 
became the lender of the opposition in the 
Chamber of Peers. The revolution of 
lH;{n found him, though advanced to ■ 
vencrublc age, not too old for the service 
of his country, and he proceeded to Lon- 
don as Ambusstidor, where be remained 
till 1835. After this time the Prince has 
rested under the shadow of his diplomatic 
laurels, ample enough to include within 
their branches the treaties of Amiens, of 
Luneville, and of the quadruple alliance. 
The nature and the greiit gift of Tulley- 
mnd was to perceive where power and in- 
fluence were likely lo centre. Even in 
the turmoil of revolution he was still the 
courtier, aiming at eirectiug nothing him- 
self, by either study, or eloquence, or la- 
bour, but seeking to fasten on the greatest 
personal chanicter of the moment, in order 
through lilin to wield inlluenee. llelirst 
atLiched himself to JVlinibeau, whose exe- 
cutor he became. His secret mission to 
England, under Chauvelin, followed. 
But the limes became far too menacing 
and troubled for such spirits as Talley- 
rond, |)Osscssedof more finesse than force, 
tolive or prosper in ; ntid he wisely turned 
his buck upon Europe until the eomliMt 
of brute force should have tcrwiimtod, 
nnd the stage be left once more open to 
those qualities uiid powers which be pos- 
Ks«cd. He tctuiucd vu li'xM>x\^<i visAv.\ 



OoiTUAKY. — Prince ThUepraitd. 



[July, 



the Directory. Tlie utter instability of 
an exeoulivc without talent, honesty, or 
honour, soon induced bim to look out for 
one of those rniistcr-spiritti under the 
bhadow of whose success he might hold 
more duruble and liononmble influence. 
He chose Napoleon, «nd contributed bv 
his couneiU to the revolution of the iHtfi 
Urumuirc. From that period M.de Tal- 
Icymnd wus Forcii^i Alinistcr of Frnnee, 
during seven or ei^hf of the iT)i>«it impor. 
tant years that ever oeeupieil diplomftcj'. 
He was the obedient, the approving nil- 
luster of the Emperor, until the Intter 
bad reached the utmost height that arms 
and policy could bestow. Tiillcyrund 
then would Luvc hnd him rest, telling the 
KmpiTor that the ascent was over, that 
he had reached the mountuin.top of his 
fame and power, and that further progress 
must be descent. The re«lle«s spirit of 
Naiioleon disliked and spumed the advice. 
Tulleynmd «as overthrown, and the first 
dilTteulty which the Fmperor experienced 
iminedintely after from the resistance of 
Spain was pronounced by his ex-minister 
to be the commenctment nf iht end. 

At a moment when the military fame 
of the empire gave way, all eyes turned 
to M. de ralle}Tand in his retreat. His 
eminenre proceeded from his standing 
ntmust iilone usn I'lench stittcsmnn, Honu- 
pnrte having extinpuished the class and 
the race. Could Napoleon, in<leed, have 
trusted him, regained his confidence, and 
so far yielded his imperiiil will a.* to enter 
into his views, France mijjht have con- 
cluded other treaties than those of 1814 
and 181a. Uut Talleyi-nnd soon flung 
himself into the other f>(»tle, and was, 
more than any other person, influential in 
bringing about the Restoration. Except, 
however, in the negociutions which fol- 
loAved immediately the triumph of ibc 
allied jHjwers, the Prince wu<; able to re- 
cover no permanctit position or authority. 

From time to time, indeed, he made 
his inttucnee felt, and showed himself in 
that prominent light which he was am. 
bitious to appear in. But every one per- 
ceived, and he perceived himself, that he 
■"■ ■ ':■ the minister of a consti- 

|lo iicnt, foi which he wanted 

' , the churartcr, and the 
neculiar taleni?.. Conxidcrnble obloquy 
fell oi\ the French crovcrnmrnf after Jttly 
for 11 



for firnmess of char.u-tcr as for a Mmpre- 
bcns-ive mind. His powerful influence 
having been cxcrci jcd in varying situations, 
and over destinies: the most onposrd to 
each other, iind he wu» naturaliv char^'ed 
with having been as chanKenbie a» ihc 
events of hts time. Nevertlielets, In the 
apparently fluctuating character of hi* 
existence, one prevuiling sentiment may 
be remarked — an unalterable attuehnient 
to the icvuluiion of 1789, and a deep feel, 
ing of nationality, fur lew men have felt 
BO strong an interest in their country's 
greatness. On the important occasions 
on which he was employed, his con^stant 
study was to derive some admntage for 
France from the diflicult situations which 
were not his own work, and no man wtis 
more capable of turning them to belter 
account. His rare firmness of elmraeter, 
and hLs iuiperturbiible tang/roid, enabled 
him to assume over others at least some 
portion of the empire which be exercised 
over himself. It was impo»»ible to exert 
more inHueneo over an assembly of (Uplo> 
matists than that for which Talleyrand 
was indebted to his *u[>erior mine!, his 
infinite resources, and the clcganco of his 
language. To give an idea uf the effect 
produced by his style, which after him 
will probably find no efficient imitator, wc 
may eoinniue his eonverwition to the 
prose of v^'lt.iire. He frc(jucntly gave 
way to a natunJ nonchatancf, and on such 
occasions spoke but little ; but w hea he 
at length shook off this rnenlal indolence, 
his conversation was enchanting. His 
habitual chit- chat tone w;is one of grace- 
ful levity that skimmed lightly over the 
surface of eveiy subject, hut which, when 
serious business was the theme, gave way 
to an extraordinary depth and force of 
reasofung. It Im.i been often imagined 
Ihiit he lived, as it were, only iniellcctually, 
and that his heart found no room for the 
feelings of affection ; but those who were 
admitted to hi.s intiintiey know that his 
kindness was uneipiulled, and that its cx* 
presaion not unfre<|ucnth- pi-tiffrnlcd even 
through the immoven' ich 

disconcerted so many 

The fJ^^' iiit 

which call -i"- 

pearcd »ix il- _ - . - 'he 

was ic'iM-ii vvkIi a ^lllvcring lit aitcnded 

by ropcftfi-d vomitings. He nnderwent 

n at the lov us 

Kirtitude, i ■■.;, 



11 r \\ I. 

Having 

i-hl ll,. ^ 



I* li;iUiuki;il in tli.; 

Id. dc TttUoyrund 



iiowabic, 

.ut 



cure 
strvi 
tliut 
that 



pcr- 
i>ki'd 

...lid 

Ms 

eg 

;.ii;s> tli I'jJer, 

-: to do but to 



Obitoaby.— Pnrt<y TaUtytM 



95 




I 



>iti] rii Iii' Iir:i1i1i. ]t is said that be 
ivritU'ii mid o<l<lri"St«cfl 
.tticiBof hi'< roiidiict ut 
■ iiy of tlu* ri'iItTQtiortf 
' vpiscopkl onli nation, 
' ' ■' ' dcmocriktic 
■ny. Tlu" 
- , : :..: the retrnL". 
tMtion mmie by iIil- Ptinc'e wnt> in the 
form tif a letter, M^idrcssfd to lliir Fo]>i', 
which liiul Ihh-h written six months. In 
it lie relructcd the part which he took in 
i'<iii»ti(ucional mass, celebrated on the 
ol ihe I'edeintion in the thamp de 
; and lUs with a copy was inclosed 
by him to ibe Archbishop of Paris, who, 
■ccordin;; to tbi« journal, did not visit the 
frincc. When the arrival of the King 
■ud Madiimc Adcluide wwt nnnouncc-d 10 
tbcdyin^cum' ' >;d, " I'liia is the 
ireatcs; lioim -. ever rocoivod." 

H« I '■<•<. i.r, , : Aliyesty his phy- 

i>i< .11, und valet in uttfiidnrice. 

rluck Iht/ Abhi^ Dnjiiiiilou]!, 

lidd out ielt the I'rinii' lor several 

luttninifftercd the snorainciit of ox- 

• •n. The Prance mentions 

m death had taken plncv, 

.,,. ... i, wi» adinitUdinto the room, 

and tb«t he kissed the hand of the corpse. 

Another journal ^ayt(, that M. Rover 

Collard reiniiiiied by the bedside of the 

•uffeter iiHill III' ex|iired. 

" Wi- ' i!," ftiiyi tbc Memager, 

- that lit of I'rinee Tolli-y- 

rn"' '■ ■ ii up his letter to the 

1 months ngo, is incorrect, 

i i s that he did not yield till 

aliei three duy-^' rcsiistance, and only on 
thf dny of hi* dpnih, to the Bolicitations 

n:- ' At lliis time 

th (T only the Ahbi'- 

L>i,,„....^..,,, w.u i.\.v... !5 do Dinoiind her 
daughter, the Duke ile ViilL-iic.iiy, Dr. 
Cuvvilbier. Dr. Cogny, his. plty^iciiin in 
•tdinarj, and M. de Uacourl, o friend of 
the family," 

Tbu«, after n lon^ and eventful life, 
cs|iired Prince Tulliyraiul, in the lull 

prt • ' •■>'. 'I.-' ....-..'...•"! facul- 

t. ;. and 

«. ' under 

t' « more eAtrnoi'liuuty than, 

e fnllen to the lot of any 
jiter. With some 
. of his sincerity, 
,.,...,..1,1... ).,. sur- 
■•• elio- 
. s the 
, cieuiiiL'ftS of hh 
rs. and, nbovc all, 
■ new of 




:ly uc- 



'Site yrituv'ii/um-rnttookplncc on Tucg, 



day. May 22, at tlie church of the Aa- 
siimption. Af he belonfred to nn an. 
eient >overeij;n fiimily. iind hiid been j| 
dignitary of the church, the oocustoined 
draperies of black iind silver were not 
used, lint the mourning tviis in violet. 
The colourt. of liib tamily liveries and es- 
cutcheon!*, with 111! tho cjiittrteritigs of bia 
ulliiLiiccs, were displayed biith in tho 
ebiireh and ut the hotel. The whole was 
arranged with the strictest observance of 
etiquette. The coffin lay in state for 
an hour before its removal to the chtirch. 
The privule friends of the deceased, and 
deputiilioiis from the Chambers of Peers 
and Deputies, from tbc Institute, and 
other public bodies of which the deceased 
wna a member, with nearly all the nm. 
bassadors and other personugeii of the 
corfif liiplonta/ii/ur, ike. asgembled >oon 
after ten o'clork. At five minutes past 
eleven o'clock the eorttye began to moT« i 
in the following order : — 

A Deiiichmcnt of Hussars. 

Municipal Guards, 

Suppers. 

Music of the ICth, playing solemn »ir«, 

nnd the drums inufUed, 

A Detachment of the 7th Regiment of 

Infantry. 

The Mcnrse. druwu by six black horses, 

richly and superbly caparisoned, with 

silver ornament!!, as well as the 

Hearse, w i th pi umes, Sic, and 

the pall supported by 

Marshal Soult, llaron Pnsquier, 

Count Mole, and the Dtikedc Uroglie. 

After which 

Deputations from the Institute, the Peers, 

Ministers, Dupiities, AmbuModors, 

and different corps. 

Scr>-ont8 in Roynl Livery. 

A Detachment of the Kith of the Line, 

The Prince'.s Carriiigc. 

Six Mourning; Coaches. 

The Duchess of Diiio's C«rrtage, 

followed by 

Four Mourning Coaches, 

Seven Royal Corringes, 

Thirty Private Carriages in Liveries, 

eloiied by a 

JlctHchment oi Municipal Guards 

on foot and horseback. 

The hearse arrived ot ihe church at half* 
past eleven, wht-ii I he funeral service im« 
mediately commenced. The body woi] 
lowcrcil into a voult, where it will remuinj 
a niiinth, and then he tnm^^ported to V'a- 
leii9ay, together witli the bodies of thai 
brother and tbc great-nephew of the de« 
ceased. His brother, the Duke Archum«J 
bnult de Talleynuid l'eT\(;ini\, wsJi x^ 
fother of the Uukc Ae \3u\o, <iwiv\ v^w 
Sfetb of Avrii, ftl St. ti«tt»aw« , ia%«^1 



nuTOARY.— SiV C. //. Palmer, Barl.—Sir R. C. Honre. [J«ly. 



I 



I 



The Prince's \v\\\ lias been laid iH'fore 
the I'rrsideiit of the Tribuiml dc I'rc- 
niiere Instance ; lie has appoinled fa)<; 
niere, the JJuchess dc Dino, uiiiver«al le- 
gatee, and tins left a nnmbi-r of speriPic 
)eft««<'ics to the Duke de V'alcn^Hy, his 
gnind.ne|ihi'w. At the end of tbi.s will, 
whirli is entirely in his own handwriting, 
there is u deckration, also written by 
himself, in which he espoRes the political 
principlei which have guided bi^i runduct 
under the different governments which 
have succeeded since 1789. It is gnij 
that this derlnrntion, trhieh he ordered fo 
he rend to his fiimily iilong- with his will, 
contuins some curious exposures on the 
nature of the political crises in which he 
hu<t been culled to [ilny a part. This de- 
claration, as well as the u'ill, ii dated in 
1830. There is also the most complete 
prohibition mnde to his heirs from publish- 
ing bia memoirs, which are, it is said, de- 
posited in England, before the liipse of 
thirty years from the day of his death, 
and he orders them to disttvow till which 
may be published in his name before the 
expiration of that period. He expresnea 
R desire to be buried at Valen^-ay, iind 
conrludcs bis testament with a declara- 
tion that be dies in the Ilomaii Catholic 
faith. 

VV'c believe wc may nRirra, saya the 
Cotutilutionnel, that his Majesty conti- 
nued to grant to Prince Talleyrand, out 
of the civil list, the allowance of Uttl.OOOf. 
which he enjoyed under the llestoration us 
Grand Chamberlain. 

Prince Tulleymnd was invested with 
most uf the principal order!: of Kurope. 
He was u Knif^ht of the Holy Ghost, 
(irnnd Cross of the Legion of Honour 
from its tirst creation in J8<Jj, a Knight 
of the Golden Fleece, Grund CroS's of 
the Orders of St. Stephen of HiuiKiiry, 
the Elephant of Denmark, Charles III. 
of S{Miin, the Soteer of (Jreece, the Sun 
of Persia, the (kinception of PortUKnl, 
the Black Kaylc of Prussia, St. Andrew 
of Kussia, the Crown of Suxony, and St. 
Joseph of Tufcuny. It has been remark- 
ed ivi sinj^ulur ihiit, notwiilistunding be 
took an active ])art in ihc formation of 
the cnnstitutional government of Bel- 
gium, he had not received the Order of 
Leojiold. " ■ f the AcA- 

d# mic d' Lettera, 

and the A..... ^ .....a Morale* 

rl Pnlitii|ne<. 



Sin C- H. pAi.Mra, llAnr, 
Ln(et)f, Age»l 7H. Sir Clmrleti Harvourt 
Palmer, Hart, of Dotney Court, Buck* 
in)ihum>htn'. 
One oi till' aldfsf tilht ot the boronet- 
' /** benvme fxthwt by the dtitth uf 
i'J 



this gentleman. It vms ronferred by the 
Founder of the Order, King James the 
First, in I(i2i, on Sir Thomas Palmer, 
who had ticen knighted in the expe- 
dition to Cadiz ; he was seated at Wing- 
ham in Kent, and was descended from 
ill) ancient family which hrid long flourished 
in that county and Sussex. The elder 
branch of the family tenninated in heir- 
esses, on the dea h of the fourth Baronet, 
in 1723 ; viz. Mary, married first to Sir 
Brook Bridges, and secondly to the 
Hon. Chiirlcs Fcilding; Elizabeth, mar- 
ried to the Hon. Edward Finch Hfitton ; 
and Mary, married to Daniel Kurl of 
Winchelsea. The title then devolved on 
Sir Charles Palmer, great-grandson of 
Sir James Palm.-r, Knt. (thirtj son of the 
first Baronet,) by bis wife Martha, duu. 
and heiress of Sir Willinm Garrard, of 
Dorney Court. Sir Charles married 
Anne daughter of Richard Harcourt, esq. 
by Elizabeth half-sister to Simon first 
Lord Harcourt, whence the late Baronet 
(their grandson) derived that name. 

Sir Charles Harcourt Palmer was the 
only son of Charles Palmer, e»q. an offi- 
cer in the East India Company's service, 
(only surviving son of Sir Charles,) by 
Sarah, daughter of Thomas Clack, esq, 
of Wnllingford, and sister to Frances 
Viscountess Courtenay. 

Sir Charles succeeded his grandfather 
in the title Nov. H, 1773. lie has died 
without legitimate issue, but haalelt three 
sons born out of wedlock, between whom 
he has left a large property, the accumu- 
lations resulting from an uno^entatious 
style of life. 



Siu riicHARO Colt IIoare, Bart. 

May 19. At Stnurhcad, in his Ktth 
year. Sir Riclmrd Colt Home, Bart. 
F.R.S. F.S. A. F.L.S. the amiable, be- 
nificcnt, and very diligent Hiatorion ol 
Wiltshire, 

Sir Kichiird was Iwrn on the Otb o( 
December, I7;><. the eldest son of Sir 
Kichiird Huare, the Jirnt Baronet, by 
Anne, second duu. uf Henry Hoare, of 
Stourhead, esfj. and of Snsnnnn, daughler 
and heiress of Sti-|ilM*n C^)ll, cmj. h\ 
a mo<lc«t biogmphx-at vtcpjch, wittch br 
JiaK dmvvn of 1 — 

" In my youth J .^^. 

sincKS of •"■'• ' • ,,,,». ,y xmiid- 

fnthrr rem mi if, and gave up 

111 nir, dun - iiiiw, nil lii- t.iinlwl 



property, an iJirlv 
ti) bii«inc» indiicri i 



null, i luiiik 



dcnrt, 1 tiuw, in my MivanccJ age, frvl 



1888.] 



OBiTrAHY.— S^/r R. C. Hoare, Bart. 



97 



the benefits of an early liabit of appli- 
catHMi." 

In 1783 he married the Honourable 
Heater Lyttelton, eldest daughter of Wil- 
linn- Henry Lord Lyttelton. She died 
in 1785, leaving issue a son, Henry. To 
alleviate his grief for her loss, he resolved 
to travel. In September that year he left 
Eaahnd. passed through France and 
Itafy to Naples, and after exploring the 
duaie ground in the vicinity of that city 
and Rome, returned bv Genoa to the 
South of France. He then visited Swit- 
zefhmd, afterwards made an excursion to 
Barcelona, repaired a second time to 
Rome, and afrain reached England in 
July, 1787. This year, by the death of 
hia ftither, he succeeded to the baronetcy. 
In 1788, he left England a second time, 
paased through Holland, the Austrian 
Netberiands, Hanover, Prussia, Saxony, 
and Bohemia, to Vienna, where he ar- 
lived the same autumn. Thence to 
Trieste, exunining the most interesting 
objects on the coast of the Adriatic. He 
d«Toted a considerable time to the exami. 
mtion of Rome and Naples, and their 
vicinity ; visited Sidly, Malta, and Gozo, 
O^ri, lachia, and Elba; and returned 
through the Tyrol to England, which he 
reached in August, 1791. 

In the course of these tours, as he him- 
aelf observes, " portfolios were filled with 
drawings of the most interesting objects 
that occurred: an account of which I 
waa induced to record in print, for the 
gratificarion of my family and friends, 
thns recalling to my recollection the manv 
agreeable hours I had passed in search 
of pleasure and information." These 
Recollections formed four volumes, the 
substance of which was afterwards con. 
densed and published, in 1818, in " A 
Classical Tour through Italy and Sicily, 
tending to illustrate some Districts which 
have not been described by Mr. Eustace, 
in hia Classical Tour." At this period 
he bad several offers of being brought into 
Parliament, which he uniformly declined. 
Latterly he has often been heard to say, 
« I Aa/« politics." 

" Durmg the convulsed state of Eu- 
rope," be omerves, " when a veto was put 
<Hi all foreign travel, my resources were 
confined to my native country ; and Cam- 
bria prcfented itself a« an object worthy 
of attention. But as travelhng without 
a pitrsoit becomes tedious, I resolved to 
take Giraldua as my guide, and to enlist 
njaelf as one of ms followers, through 
his Ittr taborUuum. This work, illus. 
tnted by nnnwrooa plates, and very hand- 
aondy printed by Bnlmer, waa presented 
to the publie in the /ear 1806. 
** AnoAu obifect of amusement, in the 
Ommt. Mag. Vol. X. 



same district, occurred soon aftervrards, 
in making the Tour of Monmouthshire, 
with my friend Archdeacon Coxe, and in 
furnishing drawings for his description of 
that interesting county. 

" The principality of Wales having 
been traversed in every direction, my at- 
tention was next attracted by the neigh- 
bouring Province of Hibemia, which I 
visited in the year 1807, and published 
an account of this short excursion, to af- 
ford my countrymen the information I 
had gleaned, in a country so little visited* 
and so much deserving of notice. 

" The next and grandest object in view, 
^vas the History of my own County, in 
which the remarkable relics of British 
Antiquity were situated — namely, Abury 
and Stonehcnge. From a neighbouring 
antiquary, Mr. W. Cunnington, of Heytes- 
bury, who, during his rides over our open 
Downs, had made many new and impor- 
tant discoveries, especially as to the his- 
tory of our ancient British inhabitants, 
I became infected with the mania of an- 
tiquarianism, which increased to such a 
degree, as to enable me to complete, in 
1831, two folio volumes of the History 
of Ancient Wiltshire." 

The labours of all former writers upon 
British Antiquities and Roman RmmIs 
bear no comparison to those of Sir R. O. 
Hoare. The first volume of this 'splendid 
work is confined to South Wiltshire, and 
to British Antiquities ; and includes 
several plans, elevations, &c. of that in- 
teresting monument Stonehenge. The 
second volume commences with North 
Wiltshire; Part I. of which is confined to 
the British sra ; and a full account is 
given of that wonderful circle of Abury. 
Part II. of the second volume is allotted 
to the Roman period ; and an accurate 
survey is taken of oil the Roman roads and 
tesselated pavements in the county. 

» Being still blessed," continues Sir R. 
C. Hoare, " with a tolerable degree both 
of health and energy of mind, I am anxious 
that the Modem History of our county 
should be the sequel of the former work, 
and am now, in this Hundred of Mere, 
laying the foundation ofa structure, which 
I earnestly hope a future generation will 
see advanced to a happy termination." 

Of the Modern History of Wilts, the 
parts published consist of, 1. Hundred of 
Mere, 1822; 2. Hundred of Hey tesbury, 
1824 ; 3. The Hundred of Branch and 
Dole, 1825. In this portion of the work 
Sir R. C. Hoare was associated with 
the Rev. John Offer, whose untimely 
death, Dec. 23, 1822, was a seriona 
loss both to Sir R. C. How* naSi \ft 
the History of WfttoUt*. Wt. Ott«f% 
labours e&Te a nrom^ ot \BK*& *!&■ 

O 



I 
I 



ccllence iii this JepBrtment of litcrntiire. 
These three jiortions form the first vo- 
lume, under the title of the " Vule of 
Wily." 4. Hundreds of Everley, Am- 
bresbury, nnd Undorditch, 182ti : 5. 
Hundred of Dunworth and Vale of Nod- 
drc. by James Edwnrd Baron Arundi'll 
and Sir K. C. Hoiire, 18'29; C. Hundred 
of Wcstbury, by Mr. Ilichard Harris nnd 
Sir R. C. Hoare. 1830; and Hundred of 
WHrminster, by Henry W«n8ey, e«q. and 
Sir R. C. Hoare. 1831 ; 7. Hundred 
of Clmlk, by Charles Bowles, esq. and 
Sir R. C. Houre, 1833 -, 8. Hundred of 
South Humcrhnm, by Wm. Henry Blurk, 
esq. ; Hundred of DoMUton, by George 
Miitclmra, esq. LL.D. -, Hundred of 
Cavvden, by Sir R. C. Hoare, 1833. 

This g:reat woric, which mu^t entitle 
Sir Ricbord to a distinguished pluec in 
the first rank of Tojiogru[ihir:il Hi>ito- 
rians, was not completed to tlie extent 
he at first contemplated. Notwithstand- 
ing bis own exertions nnd example, he 
WBB ot length, for wont of coadjutors, 
obliged to Confine his views tu the His- 
tory of South Wilts. His latest wish, 
to see that work completed, was nearly 
gratified. Of the part* still unpublishcrf, 
the Hundred of Alderbury has pussed 
through tbe prees; that of Frusttield (by 
Mr. Matcham) w also nearly printed ; and 
the account of Old and New Sarum is 
we understand, so far advanced by the 
joitit labours of Robert Benson, esq. the 
present Recorder, and Mr, Hatcher, aa 
to be nearly ready for the press. 

Sir Ricfiard bad suffered much from 
rbeumntie gout, and for some years had 
been afllicted with deafness. His me- 
mory mid sight were, however, little im- 
paired by the fldviince of age. He was 
always cheerful and rei>iRned,and he con- 
versed with vivacity and pleasure on bis 
antiquarian pursuits, and un tbe improve- 
ments he bttd made in his beautiful and 
iiicttiresi|ue demesne. In reenrd to his 

lieiilth, I: ■'•■-: --' • -, •, npre- 

bensioii .and 

on the I ^ ^ tl his 

lone, bonoiii'uble, and useful nireer, in bis 
HOth ycKf. 

His life hittcrly Imd Wen quite retired, 
from the suvete attacks of his compLiint, 
which so cnfoeliUd Ms frame, that he 
sank into the arins ol death with the 
Cht4«tian re^iiiiiuijun nnd culm pUcidity 
of oi\e who fdt that he wn» »unimnn«| 
to another ntid r\ |icf(,.r (vnf!»l. llr it 
d.-^- ■ • . . . 

(In 

tl,,. .,.„■ 

h' 

1 /y ' ■ '- ^*- 

■fiuu-t, iui itn iiiiittitlual, wtU iaiig iiw in 



the memory of thoiU! who knew faiin 
best. As Q writer, and patron of lilKinil 
pursuits, be took tbe most lively interest 
in tbe history and antiquities of the coun- 
try generally, and of his own district in 
pnrticular; and his purse, his advice, his 
assistance, were always ready to promote 
any attempt, however humble, tor their 
elucidation. In this, as in other respects, 
no man better esempliiled bis own re- 
mark, " We oufflit to consider ourselves 
aa existing not solely for ourselves, and 
to bear in mind tbe non ribi »ed posterit; 
we should leave as a legacy for jiosterity, 
M hatever useful information we have been 
able to eoUeet, during tbe existing period 
of our lives." 

In roniiequencc of the recent death of 
his son, Henry Hoare, esq. the baronetcy 
nnd landed property devolve on his eldest 
half brother, the head of the eminent 
banking-house in Fleet -street •, and his 
personal property on his grand-d.nightcr 
Anne, who is married to Captain Muthew, 
the Member for Shaftesbur)'. 

Sir Richard Hoare, who was always 
exeeediufjly liberal in presentation copies 
of his published works, printed several 
for private distributioii only. Of these 
We have extracted the following list from 
" Martin's Catalogue of Privately Printed 
Books." 

On the Architecture of Walca. 4to. 
1800. A portion of his edition of Gi- 
raldus Cainbrensis : twenty copies. 

A Cjitaloguc of Books relating to the 
History and Topography of July, col- 
lected during the years 1786, 17M7, 1788, 
178!^ I7fw. 1812. Svo. pp. lOvJj twelve 
copies. 'Jbc whole collection described 
in this catalogue was most lil)endly ])re. 
senttd Ijy Sir Richard to the British Mu- 
seam, in IB'^o, 

Journal of the Shrievalty of Richard 
Honre, esq. [Sheriff <if London and 
Middlesex] in the years J740— II. 
Printed from a M.S. in hit own hand- 
writing, 1«1,>, royal t ' :-.. 

A Catalogue of i 
History anil 



Wales. ScoiImi 

pp. 3<!I. 'l\\ 

|: 1 

17)- I 



<<i^ (0 the 

h^ngland, 

1815. Svo. 



.lid, 
'|iii>. 
.Ihi'oud, in the yeor* 
yu. Kl. V vol*. 8vo. 181 j 
— I b I -'. \ 'I ihe two fonner only twenty. 
live copies were printed) of the iwoi 

lutli r i'':i- 



f 

Hi- 
ton, 
com 

rom 
W, 
rev 



till' famiiie* of Hore, of] 

lievon; Hoare, of Wi-l-i 

iiiiii. iiurks; HoiiTe, of Irfjndon,! 

ALd.lle«intj Uinrv, of Mtfeham,] 

. om. 

^ur-i 

- - ■• . ••• i-' • "•■ I.1.4I3C 



I9IV, i\o, fp.Ui> tiiit« itorttaiu. 



1838.] 



OfliT0ABY.— r. A. Kntgkt, Esq. F.R.S. 



Monasticon Wiltunense : containing a 
List of the Religious Houses in North 
and South Wiltshire : compiled chiefly 
from Bishop Tanner's Notitia Monastica. 
I821,fol.pp.54.. 

Monastic Remains of the Religious 
Houses at Witham, Bruton, and Staror- 
dale, Somersetshire. 1824, 4to. 

A Letter stating the true Site of the 
uident Colony of Camulodunum, [viz. 
»t Colchesterin Essex]. Sro. 1827. 

Registnun Wiltunense, Saxonicum et 
Latinum, in Museo Britannico asscrva- 
torn, ab anno Regis Alfredi 898, ad annum 
regis E^wardi 1045. Nunc deraum notis 
iUnstreTenuit J. Ingram, S.A.S., Sharon 
Turner, S. A.S.,T.D, Fosbroke, S. A.S., 
Thomas Philhjpps, Bart. S. A.S. Richard 
Coit Hoore, Bart. S.A.S. Suraptibus 
B. C. Hoare. Typis Nieholsianis, 100 
exemplaria impressa, 18S7, folio. 

dmniGon vllodunense : sivc de VitA 
et Minculis Sancts Edithic Regis Edgari 
fifi* carmen retns Anglicum. E codice 
unico Cottoniano in Museo Britannico 
■dMrrato, nunc demum in lucem editum ; 
cnri G. H. Black. Sumptibus R. C. 
Hoare. TypisNicholsianis, 100 exemplaria 
impressa, 1830, fol. pp. 141. 

The Pitney Pavements, discovered by 
Samuel Hnsell, esq. of Littleton, A.D. 
1888 ; and illustrated, with his Notes, by 
Sir R. C. Hoore, Bart. 1831, 8vo. pp. 
20^ sixteen plates. Since re -printed, for 
■ale. 

In 1883, appeared " Hungerfordiana ; 
or, Memoirs of the Family of Hungerford: 
collected by Sir R. C. Hoare. Of this 
elegant little volume only 100 copies were 
printed ; 50 as presents, and 50 for sale. 
And in 1829, " Tumuli Wiltunenses ; a 
Guide to the Barrows on the Plains of 
Stonehenge; by Sir R. C. Hoare" — a 
•mall tract of 50 pages, printed for sale. 

Sir Richard Hoare made the following 
communications to the Society of Anti> 
qoaries: in 1817, "An account of a Stone 
Barrow in the parish of Wellow, at 
Stoney Littleton in the county of Somcr- 
set, which was opened and investigated in 
the month of May 1816," printed in the 
Arclueologia, vol. XIX. pp. 43 — 46, 
with three plates ; in 1823 an " Account 
of Antiquities found at Hamdcn Hill, 
with fragments of British Chariots," 
printed ibid. vol. XXI. pp. 39 — 42, with 
three plates ; and in 1827, " Observations 
upon four Mosaic Pavements discovered 
in the county of Hants," printed in vol. 
XXII. pp. 40-54. 

Among bis communications to the Ocn« 
tlcroan's Magazine were, in 1823, an Ac 
count of ft Roman Bath found at Farley, 
Wilts, printed in vol. XCIII. with a 
ptate} in 1887, so tecoant of a Hoaiaa 



99 



villa at Littleton, Somerset, printed in 
vol. XCVII. with apian; and in 1830, 
an account of the Roman villa at Pitney, 
Somerset, also accompanied by a plan, m 
vol. C. 

T. A. Knight, Esq. F.R.S. 

May 1 1. In London, at the house of 
Mrs. Walpole, one of his daughters, 
in bis 80th year, Thomas Andrew Knight, 
esq. F.R.S. of Downton Castle, in Here- 
foidshire, the President of the Horticul- 
tural Society of London. 

The following biographical notice of 
this lamented gentleman we extract from 
the Athenmttm .- — 

" Mr. Knight was bom at Wormsley 
Grange, near Hereford, on the 10th of 
October 1758. He was the youngest son 
of the Rev. Thomas Knight, a clergyman 
of the church of England, whose »tbec 
had amassed a large fortune as an iron- 
master, at the time when iron.works 
were first established at Colebrook Dale. 
When Mr. Knight was three years old, 
he lost his father, and his education was 
in consequence so much neglected, that 
at the age of nine years he was unable to 
write, and scarcely able to rend. He 
was then sent to school at Ludlow, 
whence he was removed to Chiswick, 
and aflterwards entered at Balliol College, 
Oxford. It was in the idle days of his 
childhood, when he could derive no assist- 
ance from books, tliat his active mind 
was first directed to the contemplation of 
the phenomena of vegetable life ; and he 
then acquired that fixed habit of thinking 
and judging for himself, which laid the 
foundation of his reputation as an original 
observer and experimentalist. He used 
to relate an anecdote of his childhood, 
M'hich marks the strong original tendency 
of his mind to observation and reflection. 
Seeing the gardener one day planting 
beans in the ground, he asked him why 
he buried those bits of wood ; being told 
that they would grow into bean plants and 
bear other beans, he watched the event, 
and finding that it happened as the gar- 
dener had foretold, he determined to plant 
his pocket-knife, in the expectation of its 
also growing and bearing other knives. 
When he saw that this did not take place, 
he set himself to consider the cause of the 
difference in the two cases, and thus was 
led to occupy his earliest thoughts with 
those attempts at tracing the vital phe- 
nomena of plants to their causes, upon 
which he eventually constructed so bril- 
liant a reputation. 

'< It was about the year 1795 that Mr. 
Knight began to be publicly knQ\«n «& «k 
vegetable physiologist. In V\»X. '^ea.t \v% 
Jiid before the Roy«l Socv«l| \iu ci^« 



100 



Obituary. — liear-Adm. TuOin. 



[July. 



brtited paper upon tbc iubcritaiice uF du- 
cftse nmoiig fruit trees, niid the propagu- 
lion oi dubility by cTiifiiitg. 1\m wu» 
succeeded bjr accounts of expcriuiL-iital 
researches into vpgrtnble fecundation, 
the n5cent and descfiU of sap iu tree$, 
the phenomena of germination, tbc in- 
fluence of light upou leaveF', und u grent 
Vitriety of tiiinilar subjects. In nil these 
rcsfiirches, the originality of Ihc enperi- 
xncnls wns vi'ry reniHrliiible, and I bo cure 
with whirh llie r«-sulls wore given vvus so 
grcnt, (ttal the most captious of subsc- 
<|uent writers hicve iidinittcd tbc nceuraey 
of the fuels produced by llr. Knight, 
however uiuc'h they miiy have diflVrci! 
from him in the conclusions which they 
draw from tliem. 

" Tlie great object wliieh Mr. Knight 
set Ijelure himself, and which he pursued 
through his long life with undeviating 
8t«iMliness of putjiosc, was utility. Mere 
curious speeuhilioiis seem to have engaged 
iiis attention but little; it was only when 
fuels had Mitne great practical bearing 
that he ajiplied hiniBcIf seriously to inve*- 
ligxte the phenomeuR connected with 
them. For ibis reason, to improve the 
THces of domesticated plants, to establish 
import ' - ; ' iition ujion 
sound to increase 

(be uuu^:.... I. i:iiiy be pro- 
cured from a given spare of land, all 
oflbetn subject* closely connected with 
tlie welfare of his cDiintry, are more 
especially the topics of tbc numerous |»a- 
pers communicated by him to \-arious so- 
cieties, especially the Horiieuliund, in 
the chair ot vvliieh he sneeeeded bis friend 
Sic Joseph Hunk*. Whoever calls to 
inind what gardens were only twenty 
years iign, and wlwit I bey are now, must 
be sensible of the extranrdirtary improve- 
uient which hiis taken place hi tbc nrt uf 
hortieultuie during that [itriod. This 
change is unquestionably traceable in a 
more evident maiutev to the practice and 
writings of Mr. Knight tlian to all other 
causes combined. Alterations tir»t sug- 
gesied by him-iclf, or by (be [principles 
■** ' ' ' ' inner. 

" ■, have 

ill . ; ,v I , • 

the most cxtiu»ive in 

rciil f.ri.'in of which liij 

1' -is in Hiicli caHt'B, been t'or- 

w pt by flmsf who nre fitmiliiir 

will; ; ' :"':■" 

know ' 

ii^' 



were once conliueil tA tbc great uud.l 
wciiltby. it is to Mr. Knight, far morttf 
than to any other person, that ibcgruti*] 
tude of tbc country is due. I 

" The feelings thus evinced in the len.| 
dcney of bis scientific pursuits, was ex-J 
tended to the olbces of private life. Never 
was thero a man possessed of greater I 
kindness and benevolence, and whose b>s»| 
has bctu more severely felt, not only bjrj 
his iuiracdiare iauiily, hut by his nume«.j 
rous tenantry and dependents. And yet, f 
notwithstanding the tenderness of bis of-l 
feetion for those around him, when itj 
pleased Heaven to visit him, some year*' 
since, with the heaviest raiauuty thiitj 
could befal a father, in the sudden death 
of an only and much beloved son, Mr, I 
Knight's ]>hilosophy was fully equal Ut\ 
sustain bim in bis trial. I 

" ]\Ir, Knight's political oi/uiions wereJ 
as free from ])rcjudices as bis scicntilio] 
views; bis whole heait wiw v\ith the li-l 
beral party, of which he was all bis life •! 
s(re4iuous supporter. 

" It is no exaggeration to add, that, grei ^ 
us is the loss sustained by his conniiy imt 
his friends, it will be equally diflicult loj 
fill his vacancy in science. No livinn 
man now before the woilt ' .id tal 
rink with hiiu in that i and 

of iciincc to which his ;... voted. 

"J. I.. 



RlCAR-An.MlRAL ToilIN, C.B. 

April lU. At Tpignmouth, I>«von 
afaire, aged 6!>, Ketkr-Adiniml Grorp 
Tobiii, (J.li, 

This r'rii.-' ■'»•.- - 'It .!id s« 

of Jam iilU 

man ot ' He. 

was born ul iSalisbuiy on the loth iJecJ 
17(58; and entered the naval utirviee iiT 
June 1781). I! ' L'l 

late A dm. l\ 

man on boarJ .> ^ 

funning part ol thi.' < hti!: 
in nn-i that bhip, then lc_ 

dpi. r'ansUawe.aceouipaiiiL-il .Sit G. - 
Roifncy to Ihc Wc^t liidie*, where ».h 



paid utl iti cuniic<iuc!iK-« ul ib« general 

peace. 

TV - yl 



n 



1838] 



Obituary. — Rear*Adm. TobtM. 



101 



be completed bia time as a midshipman 
OD board the Leander of 50 guns. He 
also served some time in the Assistance 
SO; but, on that ship being put out of 
oommission, he was, lilce otner young 
officers, without employment in the time 
of peace, and in consequence accepted 
tbe situation of mate in an East India- 
man, and made the China voj-age between 
1788 and 1790. 

On the Spanish armament he joined 
tbe Tremendous at Chatham, and was 

?romoted to the rank of Lieutenant, 
lor. 82, 1791. In the following spring 
be was selected to accompenr Capt. 
Bligh as Third Lieutenant of the Pro- 
vidence, commissioned on a voyage of 
discovery, and to convey the bread-fruit 
from Otabeite to the West Indies. Being 
an excellent draughtsman, be employed 
himself in making surveys, and sketch- 
ing the most remarkable scenes of that 
interesting voyage. All these were, on 
bis return, given up to the Admiralty, and 
be could never obtain their return, though 
frequent applications were made. 

Previous to his return to England, 
Lieut. Tobin received letters informing 
him that Capt. Horatio Nelson, who had 
a few years before married a relation of 
his mother, Mrs. Ncsbitt of Nevis, had 
kept the Third Lieutenancy of the Aga- 
memnon 6i open for sonic time, in the 
hope of his joming that ship. But being 
out of the way, he could not avail him- 
self of the opportunity of being under 
the command of our great navuJ hero; 
who, in a letter written in July 1797, re- 
marked, " Had be been with me, he would 
long since have been a C^iptain, and I 
should have much liked it, as being ex- 
ceedingly pleased with him." 

Lieut. Tobin next ser\cd in the Thetis, 
a. fine frigate cruizing oif Halifax, from 
which be was removed into the flag-ship, 
tbe Resolution 74 ; and tbcncc promoted 
iu Aug. 1798 to the rank of Commander, 
and appointed to the Dasher sloop of war. 
Having commanded that vessel for twelve 
months on the American coast, he con- 
voyed tbe bomewordbound trade, and 
was then placed under the orders of Sir 
Thomas rasley at Plymouth, and was 
chiefly employed on the coast of France in 
the irksome and ]>erilous service of inter, 
ceptii^ the coasting trade of the enemv. 
The Dasher was paid oflf at Plymouth, 
Oct. 10, 1811. 

_ While on shore, Capt. Tobin chiefly 
directed bis attention to the fine arts, and 
was very useful to the celebrated marine 
painter, Pocock, in directing him to give 
effect to the more minute nautical shades, 
iu he has since done for the late Mr. 
Laing, the eminent uuriae fainter st 
TeigJuaoaA, 



In the general promotion, April 89, 
1808, Capt. Tobin obtained the rank of 
Post Captain ; and in Sept. 1804 he was 
appointed to the Northumberland 74, 
bearing tbe flag of bis friend the Hon. 
Rear-Adm. Cochrane, off Fenol. He 
was actively employed on tbe coast of 
Spain until tbe Northumberland went in 
pursuit of the French fleet which had 
escaped from I'Oricnt to the Westlodiea. 

In Sept. 1805 Capt. Toinn assumed 
the command of the Princess Charlptte 
frigate, of 38 guns. In tbe night of tbe 
4th Oct. following, while cruising off 
Tobago, he brought to close action the 
C'yane French corvette of 20 guns, and 
the Naiade brig of 16 guns ; after a con- 
flict of above an hour, the former was 
taken, and the latter escaped, from its 
superior sailing, but was aftcrvvards cap- 
tured by the Jason. 

In the summer of 1806 the Princess 
Charlotte convoyed the trade fleet home ; 
and after refitting at Plymouth, joined a 
squadron of frigates sent in pursuit of an 
enemy's squadron which had done great 
mischief in the Greenland seas. This ex- 
pedition xna defeated by very tempestuous 
weather, in which the ships were ciip« 
pled, and some even dismasted. 

In 1809 tbe Princess Charlotte escorted 
a fleet of merchantmen to Barbadoes and 
Jamaica ; and, on her return, was sent to 
St. Helena to bring home the East 
India fleet. The vigilance and attention 
of Capt. Tobin in keeping tbe ships to< 
gether and bringing them safe to England, 
was so highly apfireciiited by the East 
India Company, that they presented him 
with 200 guineas for the purchase of a 
piece of plate, and the Commercial In. 
Eurancc Company of Dublin ah>o pre. 
sented him with a piece of plate of 100 
guineas value, accompanied by a flattering 
letter in acknowledgment of bis services 
in saving tbe ship Maria, one of the Weat 
India convoy. 

During the remainder of the war, Capt. 
Tobin was actively employed on the 
coasts of Spain and France, where he 
captured several of the enemy's armed 
vessels, as well as many mercluuit ships, 
and did great injury to the coasting trade 
by constantly harassing them with his 
boats. In Jan. 1812, the frigate's name 
was changed to Andromache, the present 
Princess Charlotte, of 110 guns, being 
then laid on the stocks at Portsmouth. 

On the 23rd Oct. 1612, tbe Andro- 
mache fell in with a large Dutch frigate. 
La Trave, mounting 44 guns, which sur. 
rendered after u short action. He after* 
wards proceeded to Passages, and joined 
the squadron under the late Adm. C 
Penrose. On t]be ^i\i tfiaxed YS^C^ 



Obituary. — Rcar-Adm. Tohw.-^Coh A. Hamilton. 



[July, 



Captain Tobiii was selected to lend the 

fli'ct in forcing the passage of tlic Girondc. 

tvhjcli w»!i executed in llie ino*>t skilful 

and giillunt uiaiiiier under a lieAvy tire 

from the liattcries. TLe oJlicers and men 

(it the Andromache were employed with 

^—lliOM- of I he Egruont 74, and other ships, 

^■d reducing the fortn and cnpturing the 

^^feipa on the river, until the Ut of April, 

^^vbcn the information of Ni)|K)lpon'8 ab- 

^HBcation, nnd the restoration uf the Bonr- 

^Tjons, arrived. Nothing could exceed the 

joy of the French on the banks of tiie 

■Uiruiide on this event; they received the 
afficers and men of the English ships with 
every demonatration of friciidtihip and 
delight. 

In Jan. 1814 the Andromocbc was one 
of the fleet assembled at Spilhead during 
the visit of the Allied Sovereigns. 

IVlfter the service she proceeded to Dept- 
fbrd, and wns put out of commission. 
[ After this long-continued course of ser- 
vice afloat. Capt. Tobin retired with lii^ 
praily to Teigntnouth. On the Hi h Dec. 
Ibllowing, upon the extension of the fJrdor 
pf the IJftth, ho was T>c»miniifo<l i« C^int- 
panion of that most huiiouruble Order: 
and some time after, the J^onl? (Com- 
missioners of the Adniintlty, without 
Kilicitation, appointed him Captain of the 
rince Regent j-Bcht, which command 
! retained until his late JMajcsty pre- 
nted that vessel to the Imaum of Mna. 
^ut, ^vben he \v-Q!i promoted to the rank of 
Rear-Admiral of the White. 

Admiral Tobin was an officer of high 
accomplishments and attainment;. He 
was one of the best amateur marine 
sinters in the kingdom ; a wit, and a 
rholar; exemplary in all the reliuions of 
life— an excellent husband, father, and 
lend. He had the most chivalric xcnsc 
af honour, and could ncvor condescend to 
scafiness in the acquisition of money. 
Lt sen he was o moat anxious and vigi- 
Aut officer, and managed his frigate with 
, skill which mure than once saved tiic 
»hip from being lost with all hands— when 
[the most able seaman oit bourd had given 
Fnp all hope in their Commander and n 
mercilul Pro>ndencc. Generous, kind, 
Rnd l>enevolcnt, he was beloved by hit 
officers and men. 
He married in IW>V Dorothy, dnugbler 
fof C*pt. Gordon '^- "•• '" '^' ' ' v;,j 
[drowned at sen :>' i>f 

I JUujor William I > ., nt, 

VBhe snrvivM him, with one xun, Gcurg« 
[y'ebbc Tobin, emi}. lutu of the iad An- 
goon gtiarda. 
[Abridged from a lunger memoir in 
'the L'uitvd Service JounioJ fur June.] 



C01.0XCI. A. Hamilton. 

June 4. Colonel Alexander Hamilton* j 
late of the 30th regiment. 

The grandf'nther of the deceased, Ates*l 
ander Hamilton of Ballencricf, es^|. M.l*.^ 
for the CO. of Linliibgow, and Posimristcr« 
genenil of Scotland, was the rcpresenta^j 
tiveof the family of Iimer^vlck, descend* 
ed from the family of the Earls i)f Ha(U^ 
dington, and died 17th Nov. 17*>H, H( 
married Lady Mary Ker, daugliter of Wi 
Hum Marquis of Lothian, sijitcr of tlia 
Marquis of IiOlliiuii, Anne Countess 
Home, Jane Ijudy Cranston, and ElizaJ 
hcth Lady lto»«. By this lady be had 1 
daughter Jane Douglns, married to Alex.] 
Hay, of Mordiiigton, mother of Sil 
Thomas llay, Bart, and four sons: Ist^^ 
^VllIiam Henry, who died young; inii 
Jiinies, keeper of tlie Btorcs jit ( "huthntu 
afterwards at Woolwicli, and died 17119, ■ 
leaving issue by his wife Agnes, dau. of 
Dacs, a son Alexander and a daughter;* 
3rd, Alexander; ith, Colonel Archibald 
Humilton, who died 170.5. leaving issue 
one sun, .Alexander Murk Ker Hamilton, 
now a Lieut.- General, and a daughter, 
Alary Elizabeth Jane Douglai Hamilton, 
married to Fmncix, eldest sun of the Hon, 
Mark Napier. 

The third son, Alex.<undcr HaiiiiUon, 
was Fort Major iit Sheurness, and dying 
1786, left issue two daughters and one son, 
Alexander, the subject of this memoir. 
Entering the army young, hu received 
a Licuteiuutcy 2-2nd March 1701. He 
WBi at the landing of the Ilrilitih troops 
at Toulon in Aug. 1791, at the »rorming 
of FiUTon heights on the 1st of Oct. and 
severely wounded the lllh of the Mtiiu 
month at Cape Brune. In Jan. 179i bo 
was employed in the expedition to the 
Lland of Cort>ica, nnd led da* attack on 
n fortified tnartcllo tower on tir»t liuuling, 
which wnii carried. He wus uL^o em- 
ployed at the storming of I 'onvention re- 
doubts, taking of St. F'> i nt tho 
>iege of Buiitiii in the - He 
wiis present in two navni y nun-. \Mth the 
enemy (then serving on board His Ma- 
jestyV ehip Terrible, in command of a 
detachment of the 'Mth, then acting as 
marine*) on the Hth Mnrch and i^iid 
July l?U3, under f 
now Admiral (?.iii 

lltttC CnuU(jb to be (.'i ^i^'ii. u>m31hiii;i: jii 



• From the churchyard of Charllon, 
KcTtr. — Agnes Hamilton, Jsrohi H. 
i\or, obiit luth 
ilton, muter cjn 



I. mil 




1838.] Obititast.— -Co/. A. Hamilton.— -Capt. J. Barker. 



103 



aoelHng • mutiny on board, and thanked 
for his exertions on the occasion. 

He was made a Captain 2nd Sept. 
1705, was employed at the siege of La 
Valette and the reduction of Malta in 
1800^ when Brigade Major to Gen. Gra. 
ham, now Lord Lynedoch. Was em- 
ploytd in the expedition to Egypt, and 
in the following actions, viz. the l3th and 
21st March, also the 17th Aug. 1801, and 
thanked in pablic orders for his conduct 
in the latter engagement by Lieut.-Gen. 
Sir John Doyle. On the 30ch of April 
1804, he received a Majority. 

After his return from Egypt he was em- 
ployed in Ireland in the command of 
Mveral light battalions, and superintended 
their formation and exercise under the 
oidersof Major* Gren. de Rottenberg, and 
received the thanks of that General and 
certificates relative to the General's sense 
of his useful services on that duty. He 
was afterward employed at the siege of 
Cadiz, and commanded the battalion in 
the action of Fuentes d' Honor, the 5th 
Mar 1811. 

Being raised to the Lieut.- Colonelcy 
of his regiment 4th June 1811, be com- 
manded the battalion in the battle of Sala- 
manca on the 22nd July 1812, and in the 
action of Villa Murial 25th Oct. On 
the army going into winter cantonments 
afher the retreat from Burgos, he was 
appointed to the command of a provisional 
Mttalion consisting of four companies of 
the'SOth and 44th regiments (the remain, 
ing companies of each being sent to Eng- 
land), and it >^'as particularly noticed by 
Major* Gen. Sir F. Robinson in what a 
high state the battalion was brought. 
Mnien ordered home, he joined the Depot 
of the dOth at Jersey, where he vi'as 
enabled from the recruiting service to re- 
organise the battalion in less than three 
months, and was inspected by Lieut.-Gen. 
Donn, who expressed the greatest surprise 
at seeing the battalion so strong and in 
•nch perfect order, and reported them so 
eligible for service, that an order arrived 
directing the immediate embarkation of 
the battalion on the 2nd Jan. 1814 to join 
Gen. Graham in Holland, where it as- 
listed in the blockade of Antwerp, and 
afterwards resisted for several hours the 
attack of a line-of-battle ship and a num- 
ber of gun-boats at Fort Frederick, in 
which the battalion lost a number of men 
and defeated the enemy's intention of 
landing. He was employed in various 
operations and service m the command of 
the battalion in the Netherlands in 1814- 
1815 ; and he commanded the battalion in 
the actiwi of Quatre Bras, 16th June 
1815^ where he was severely woandedy 
and afternwuEr received the taenia ot Sit 



Thomas Picton. Having accompanied 
the battalion to Ireland Rafter the surren- 
der of Puns), he served in command of it 
there until its reduction, 24th April 1817, 
when he proceeded with a detachment of 
it to India. 

On the return of the regiment, being 
now full Colonel, and finding his health 
impaired by a long residence in India, be 
sold his Commission, and after spending 
a life in the sernce of his country, he re- 
tired to seek a repose which his enfeebled 
constitution did not permit him to enjoy. 
He has left behind him two sons and a 
daughter, the fruit of a matrimonial alli- 
ance formed with a very amiable lady at 
a time when he was serving as Major in 
Portugal. 1st, Alexander, Lieut, of Ar- 
tillery, bom 1812 ; 2nd, William, Lieut. 
3rd Regiment foot^ bom 1815; 3rd, 
Louisa, bom 1819. 



Capt. Jaues Barker, R.N. 

May 4. At Seymour Villa, near Bristol, 
Capt. James Barker, R.N. 

He entered the Navy in June 1780, on 
board the Solway, then commanded by 
Capt. Everett, and which, on the lOth of 
the following December, when off the 
Isle of Wight, captured, after an action, 
the French privateer Le Comtc de Bu- 
sanoura, carrying 20 guns. He was 
wrecked during an action off St. Kitt's, 
in the West Indies, when serving under 
Sir Samuel Hood. He served in the 
Prudent, &l, Capt. A. Barclay, in the 
action with Comte de Grasse, onthe 25th 
and 26th Jan. 1782; also in the Russell, 
74, on the 28th and 29th May, and 1st 
June 1794. He was with Capt. Payne 
in the Jupiter, 50, and sent by him to the 
yacht which brought the Princess Caro- 
line of Bmnswick from Cuxhaven to 
London. From that period he served 
with Sir James Saumarez in the Orion, 
74, until made a Commander in Oct. 
1798 ; during which time he was in the 
actions of 23d June 1795, under Lord 
Bridport, and assisted in the capture of 
three line-of-battle ships ; also at the de- 
feat of the Spaniards, 14th Feb. 1797, 
under the Earl of St. Vincent; and at 
the memorable battle of the Nile under 
Lord Nelson in August 1798. Subse- 
quently be commanded the Moireston 
armed ship for the protection of the trade 
between Bristol and Swansea; and was 

Eosted 12th Aug. 1812, since which be 
ad not any public employment. 

COMUANOBB P. PbYNN, R. N. 

April 19. At West Looe, suddenV), 
retired Commander P. Pr|TOv,¥l..t^. 

He first joined t!he aerrice m Vm% ia « 
Midshipman, and aerred voficewKt^i ^A 



I 
I 



* 



104 Obitcart.— rommnnrfrr Pryitn. — Chrgtf DfCMiti. [July* 



t)iat cnpncitj in the Adventure, Crcsrcnt, 
Mopnreh, Queen Cbnrlottc, aiul ilvHiiia. 
In \795 lie wnsatllie lakinjr olrlie liiitch 
s'|inulruiiiLt the Cupcof (•nod Hope, iituliT 
Ijord KeitI). He also served in y\mericiiaiid 
in the (Ihanncl. I" ITO.'* he received nil 
ncliii;; order at Lieutennnt from his Cop- 
tain, the {[on. C. PH^et, of the Peiic- 
lope, stntiuncd at the Western Isles, In 
I70y lie acted by a similar order in the 
Brilliiint. under Sir E. Pellew, at New- 
foundland and (jin'beroii Bay ; and in 
October 18(^0. the Admiralty, in eonsi- 
derolion of services, confirmed him in 
his rank of Lieutenant, and appointed 
him to (he Uiirukil, in which ship he was 
ordered on the expedition to Egypt ; wms 
at the landing of the tronps, and on libore 
with the army in the battlen of the I3th 
and 21st March: he afierNxiirds volun. 
tocrcd and served up the Nile in gun- 
boHt.s, until the surrender of (Truiid Cairo, 
on which oetujiion his conduct was warmly 
acicnowled^ed by his superiors, and the 
Urnnd Seigneur presented him with a 
gold mcdul. In 18U5 lie was ap)iointed 
to the Achilles, Sir R. King, ns Second 
Lieutennnt, and afterwards First, in 
which capacity he wa< at the battle of 
Tralulgar, where he received t^TO wounds. 
'I'hc lu^t shin he served in was the 
Esjiieulo as First- Lieutenant ; and he 
retired on half-pay when ]>aid ofTiii liUfl, 
At the general promotion that took place 
in 1H30, he obtained the rank of retired 
Commander. 



CLERGY DECEASED. 
March 19. At Botulph Claydon. Buck*, 
i^ged 72, the Rev. Edmund Milward, 
Rector of Furthinghoe, Northampton- 
shire. He was formerly a member of 
Bra?enosf- ■ ■'! — (i>i.r,i. ■■■■,| ■vvfl'i pre- 
sented fr by Lord 
Grey dc ^ I was of a 
very ceceiurie character ; he was seldom 
seen by any one, even by his domestics, 
and never inid any vitiits. He had not 
been shaved fur a long time previous to hia 
leccase, and very rarely put on a change 
of linen, See. 

March 2\. Air..l 7\. the Rev. /oAn 
Jfannfth of B bighshife, and 

MAesyoedd, M i-. 

UrrcA 23. Age. t-tn 

Reetor of ~ md 

many years aniiin.i ' - 

that roimty. He 
^ Camb.B.X 17)51, 
^H time. M 
^H Semer in 
^m March i\. Ai 
^H Mrei, agcA ft-'i. the 
^^/ttvtor of LU:omb, A. 
^meuiMttd .ot Oriel wlJef^e, Oxford, ia 



of liner 
I Mari 

^K tfannnj 
^H Maesyi 



Wtt» 

, llw 



1791 ; was elected Fellow of All Soula, 
and gindimted B.A. 1705, M.A. I?I9. 
U.L>. t«>fl. He wu» presented lo I'l- 
Comb ill IHIO. 

March 25. Aged Gl, the R«v. Rnhtrt 
Porler, Rectorof Dr.iyrott, ^(aflTordshirc. 
He w.H the son of Williiim Porter, esq. 
of VVigaii in Lancashire: vva« malrieu- 
lated in nfW at Bra<enosc college, Ox- 
ford, gruduated B.A. 171Hi, M.A. 1798; 
and wa« presented (o Draycott in ItiOU. 

MareA 2ti. At Oxford, of small -pox, 
couglit ill the faithful disehai'ge oi his 
ministeriiil dutie<i, in his lifoth year, the 
Rev. John (iamifr, FtllOiV of Meitoii 
College, and Cufuie of St. Eblie's in 
that city. He was a son of the Rev. 
Thomas Gamier, Prelwodury id Win- 
chester; entered a« a Commoner of Exe- 
ter collegr' in 1831 : took the degree of 
B.A. IKW; Was elected a Fellow of 
Mcrton in IWo, and ;■■• ■ "-i I M.A. in 
1837. He wholly d. if to his 

parochial charge, to ' u>n of the 

poor, and the instruciiuii ut cluldren. 

March 'iiH, At Ipswich, aged 31, the 
Rev. John Jiitck, Fellow of Christ's col- 
lege, (iuinbrid^je, on the Norfolk founda- 
tion. He giiidiiuted B,A, I8IIH. as Rth 
Senior Optime, ALA. IHll. He left 
his home tu lake his u«um1 walk, and two 
days after was faiind drowned in a pond. 

At Rome, aged 30, the R«v. John 
Southwell Ijfll, M.A. He was the third 
son of the late Benjamin Ifill, e*'j. of 
Barbadoes, entered a Commoner of 
Worcester i<>lJe|,'e. Oxiord, in 1^}; 
removed to Mngdiilcn liall in IK3I, and 
graduated B.A. la^a, M.A, 1834. 

A/irrrh W. Aged 71., the Her. int. 
liimt Hriinr/n Ritrnxrlnn, Hector of Great 
Stuiubridge, Vinir of Little Wakeriiig, 

Es».x, and V'in^- ■ ' ' - '^ -^.Ik. 

He wrt* of C' A. 

ITH'iiifl 15th S.-i, , -vS. 

B.D. 1812, was presented to Croxtvn in 
I7<J7 by his colli'ije, to Smm'n-id?*- in 
18(JI, by the C irr 

House, and to J i ?, 

by the Oovernoi.T •.■i .^.. jj.muoii'iiitjvv'a 
Hospital. 

At Hunnington. &l:< d (;.'). the liev. 
John Tiidd, for thirty , Curate 

of Frank ley and St. J. tore. 

At Gwtiirar, C< -.H, 

the Rev. H'illiirm Vc -v. 

" ' '- — nd 

"'h 



liurx 
wat 



I'Uunt)', 
the iT'i.i' 



J3 



..f 
.«t 



1838.] 



Obituary. 



103 



Marek 31. The Rcr. Htnry WUkin. 
Mm, Head Master of Sedbergh Free 
Gnunmar Rchool. He was formerW FcU 
low of St. John's college, Cambridge, 
where be graduated B. A. 1814, as second 
HFraiwler, and second Smith's prizeman, 
M.A. 1817. 

Jpril 3. At St. Alargaret's, Here- 
fofdshire, aged 77, the Rev. JotepA Ste- 
pkem Pratt, B.C.L. Prebendary ot Teter- 
Doroiigb, and Ute Vicar of that parish. 
He vnt of Trinity hall, Cambridge, 
IjL.B. 1805; and collated to his preben. 
dal atall at Peterborough, by Bishop 
Madan in 1806. 

At SherifT Hutton Park, Yorkshire, 
the Rer. Edward Thompaon, Vicar of 
Asnatria, Cumberland ; youngest son of 
O. Xi. Thompson, esq. of Sheriff Hutton. 
He waa collated to his living last year, 
by the Bidiop of Carlisle. 

April 5. At Ludlow, after an illness 
of four months, the Rer. John Hinde, 
Head Master of Ludlow Free Grammar 
School, and Afternoon Lecturer in the 
parish church. He was formerly, for 
■bore three years, Master of the Gram- 
mar School at Peterborough, and Curate 
to Mr. Pratt at the parish church -, and 
from that city he removed to Yaxley, 
and waa Chaplain to the barracks at Nor- 
man Cross. In 1813 be married Jane 
Berthon, step-daughter of the lute Rev. 
Robert Lewis, Vicar of Chingford, Essex; 
and be has left a numerous family. 

April 6. Aged 70, the Rev. John 
Hidkmt, Rector of Woodmancote, Sus- 
sex. He was of Jesus college, Cam. 
bridge, B.A. 1790, M.A. 1795. In his 
living he succeeded his father in 1793, 
who had held it from 1755. The patro- 
nage is in the Crown. 

In Upper Baker street, aged 58, 
the Rev. Gtorge Wheeler, for twenty- 
fire years Curate of Shipton Moyne, co. 
Glouc. Mr. Wheelerwas a nativeof Bath, 
the son of George Wheeler, esq. of that 
city. Heentcredat St. Edmund ball. Ox- 
ford, 1796; proceeded B.A. 180:2, M.A. 
1805. In 1812 he married Margaret, 
aister to Sir Compton Pocklington Dom- 
nle, Bart, by whom he leaves issue one 
aon, George Dom rile Wheeler, B.A. scho- 
lar of Wadbam College. Mr. Wheeler 
was a sound and accomplished scholar, a 
deeplv-read divine, and an exemplary 
narocnial minister. But for his retiring 
mUts, and utter dislike to obtruding, 
even bis just claims, on those who were 
able to reward his scholastic attainments 
aad professional diligence, Mr. Wheeler 
would probably have obtained prefer- 
nest, and there was no man more likely 
to baTe reflected credit on his patron, or 
to hare proved a greater onuuBeut to the 

Osm Mm0. Vol. X. 



Church, of which he was a most zealous 
and attached son and servant, than him- 
self. 

April 12. At Leamington, in his 60th 
year, the Rev. Richard George, Vicar of 
Wolvcrley and late of Stoke Prior. He 
was of Trinity hall, Cambridge, LL.B. 
1807 ; was presented to Stoke Prior in 
1815 by the Dean and Chapter of Wor- 
cester, and to Wulverley by the same 
patrons on bis recent resignation of the 
former living. 

At Cheetham Hill, near Manchester, in 
his 80th year, the Rev. Clarke Preieott, 
for 52 years Vicar of Downton and Bur. 
rington, Herefordshire, to which be waa 
presented in 1786 by Lord Chancellor 
rhurlow. 

April 13. Aged 73, the Rev. Georae 
Carjtendale, of Harwood Chapel, iu the 
.parish of Middleton in Teesdale, having 
faithfully discharged his duties as school- 
master and reader of the chapel since the 
year 1789, and with equal usefulness and 
propriety those of his sacred office since 
nis ordination in the year 1808. Hia 
whole stipend, which be received from the 
Duke of Cleveland, tat the performance 
of his ministerial duties, was 40 guineas 
a-year. His realised property, amounting 
to 200/., be has left m the bands of the 
Bishop of the Diocese, the Rector of th« 
parish, and Churchwarden of that part of 
the parish of Middleton in Teesdale, as 
trustees, to lay with it the foundation of 
an endowment for aperpetuid successor to 
himself, that the inhabitants of that desti- 
tute part of the diocese may be constantly 
supplied from the Church with a resident 
minister, and provided with a burial 
ground, the distance of the burial-place of 
the parish, from the chapel in Harwood, 
being lO miles. The name of George 
Carpendale, therefore, deserves to be bad 
in perpetual remembrance, not only in the 
remote district in which his lot was cast, 
but as an example throughout the Church. 

DEATHS. 

LONDON AND ITS VICINITT. 

April 9. In Castle-st. Lcicester-sq. 
aged 3Q, by suicide, Monsieur Caiman 
Duverger, the engineer and architect. 
At the early age of 18 years he was an 
engineer of the Luxembourg Palace; 
subsequent to which be made a voyage 
into Syria and Asia Minor, and vinted 
Palmyra, Balbec, and Babylon. On hia 
return to Paris be was employed by the 
government to draw up a work upon the 
roads. In all philosophical researebes he 
was a great orator, and argued greatly 
upon the crime of suidde. He intendea 
to become a candiAite to i^igtVaxlat ^^ 
erection of tbe Royal 'ExcYAnm. 



OniTUARV. 



CJ«»Iy, 



I 



Muy 5. At tlifi New lliimmintis llotcl, 
Cuvuiit-Goi'iicii, i»gc«I 68, Johii Onl, csij. 
Kolieitor, of Yoik, 

Mas/ '■^' ^" < "nml'ridge-st. Uyi!c Park, 
Anne Maria, (hird dmi. of the late John 
Henry P,ik('uhnm, Caj)t. Int. limgoon 

May 16. In I^niirence Poiiiitncy-lanc, 
aged 30, Horatio Riplpy, esq, 

Ma^ i3. At Clapbum Rise, oged 7(i, 
D. Bond, esq. 

A(red 70, William Armstrong, es^j. of 
Pimlifo, J4 years in his Miiji'^ity (reorpe 
the Third's library, and lute of the liriti^h 
Museuin. 

May S4. In Bedford. aq. nf;ed IG, 
Elizabeth Mary, only ddu. of T. \V«kley, 
tssfj. M.l*. 

At Giouwster Terrace, Citimoii-ft.. 
Rosd, iipcd 70, Mr, John I'nrkcr, formerly 
of Lant street, Soutlnvtirk, 

Jtiajf 2t). At Noiting-hill, aged 73, 
Humphrey Boche, e«q. 

Ill Coniimight-teirnie, aged 82, the 
widow of the Rev. T. Robinson, Vieur 
of St. Mnrj's, Leicester, and prcvtuiuly 
of the Rev. James Gemrd, D.D. Wurdcn 
of Wadham C'olle}fe, Oxford, mul alter- 
wards Rector of lUonkd' Risburotigh. 

May 27. In GrQ!(vcnor-Eq. iigcd 60, 
the Right Hon. Suaan Countess ot Har* 
roWbr, aunt to the Duke of Siitberlund, 
the Duke of Beaufort, the Eur! of C>ir> 
lidle, the Countess of Gidloway, the 
Countess of Surrey, the Countess Oros- 
veiiur, &e. &c. She was tbi- tixth dau. 
of Umiiville Isl Marquis Stafford, by 
Lady Louisa Egerton, daughter of Spro|»e 
firxt Duke of Bridgewaler ; was married 
in I71).5 to rhe Hon. Nathaniel Rydci, 
now Karl of Hnrrowby, and had is<iuc ihi- 
Ule Viscountess Kbringtun, Viiaeonnc 
.Kuiidiiti, tbrn; other sons, and four othci- 
daughters. 

Jn firosvenor-st. the Right Hon. Surah 
Countess Amherst and Countes* dott-iiger 
of riymuuth. She wax the duii. and 
co-heir of Andrew st-coiid and liisl Lord 
Ait'hcr, was inurricd in I78H first lo her 
eniiMii Olhi-r-lliikniiin lilth Karl of 
Plymouth, who died in 1799, linving had 
i»»ue (besideii three children who illed 
young) Other. .'Xrcher the xixth nnd Itite 
Earl, ihc .Man-hioiicsRof r . .iinl 
I^rfidy lliirrlet ('live. She mild- 
ly, in INXl. William-Pitt i \m- 

herst. and luid issue Laily Samh Kliwi- 
lieth Amhernt, Viscount Hnlincsdale, 
and thr^'c other ehildrcn now dereated. 
Her bi>dy wh» n-n^ovcd for intci-ment lo 
the new 4-hH|ict, Uivi'rlicnd. 'I'he L'liil 
of l{ilNI>uioiigh, N'lx'DiMil liiilnn'vdnle, 
Hun. H. i'\i\r :>r..l H,m. k k. Clivi* 

WKtif ninnitf! and (lii< 

nvnitwie wm« i of Lim. 




don by the cuninge« of Eail Amherst, 
the Marquis of Downshire, tbc Hun, R. 
(Jlive, Mr. Mii^sgrave. the Earl of Ply. 
innuih, Hon. E, U, Clive, Earl Powis, 
the Bishop of Ctirliuli", the Diiche>;« of 
fJlonreKtcr, the Duke of NorthumbiT- 
land, the Marquis of Camden, Earl De 
in Wnrr, ^'is^•ount Clive, Lord Mareiis 
Hill, Ijord Manners, the Countess of 
Bridgovatcr, Lady Colcbesbtcr, and Sir 
George Taunton, Ijnrt. 

May 2ti. At Pentonville, Thomns 
Busby, esq. Mus. Dw. Author of a 
translation of Lucretius a Hislory of 
Music, the Propbtcy, a xaered Oratorio, 
and other literary and musical workfl. 

At Pro^ndence^row, aged 78, Andrew 
Johnstone, esq. secretary to the Royal 
Jennerianand London Vaccine Institution. 

May 2f). In Hyde-»t. Bloointtbury, 
aped <>0, iMr. Edwurd Gwyn, eldr^t son 
of the late Mr. Edwurd Gwyn of Long 
Acre, citizen^ ironmonger and piiinter- 
titaiiier of London. He wnf) n diligent 
antiquary as far as regarded his own im< 
mediate vicinity, u skilful mechanic, and 
kind friend. 

Ill Vork. terrace, aged 78. Thomflii 
Borough, e»q. of Chetwynd Park, Salop. 

Lately. In Cunnon.-tlrect.road, St, 
Georgc'^in. the- East, aged iG, S. Slalter, 
eiu\. the eminent inusoM of London-biidge, 
Woolwich Uotk Yard, and many other 
place?. 

Jvnf 1. At the residence of Benjamin 
Ridge, esq. Putney, aged 4S Wiltiain 
Thomas, esq. of Hussell-plai'e. 

At Stamford.hill, Mr. Tliornas Win- 
dii.H, of Bi^hop<^nte.8trect, rldcAt «ion uf 
Thomub Windiw, esq. K. S.A. 

June 2. At Brixton-hill, aged Gi>, J. 
Dobree, esq. 

In (.londuit-strret, aged hi, Margaret- 
Exthcr, widow of J. Dewliery, e»q. 

In Hans [dace, Sluane-f^t. agvd 3G, 
Margaret, only duughlcr of (i. H. Uruin- 
inond, es(|. 

\'inicni V^nughnn, esq, nf Belle-holob • 
hou!«c, tlenh'y-iipoii.Thiinic«. 

Jnne :i. At Chelsea, Elirabeth Ijiiiric. 
fonnerly widow of W, BrII, efq. Aylet- 
ham, Norfolk. 

June V. At his sonV hou»e. Mutwt-ll- 
hill, ajjcd HI. W. Rf.i M- 

In the Old Kcr, I i,\, J. 

Nfwman, e«q. lute ■ ri, many 

years clerk to the of ib*> 

rowu-liall, SoiilhwA was lli<r 

eldckt vuivivinp son ol ihr lulu W, L. 
Newniun, ■■■q. Mlicitor tu the CorpurR. 
lion (il IxMidiui. 

Jtim- 7. In Allti'iunrle »(, MC«d 69, 
Ann., filiit of 1. (J, rullirii^L I'sq. 
iiinl )>l^■l>•r to iW Ute Ijieiir-Hen. Artkut 
\V|i«'ilintn. 



183$.] 



Obituary. 



107 



In Eburyst. Pimlico, aged 16, James, 
tbe eldest son of R. Chalmers, esq. senior 
CootBUttee Cleric of the House of Com> 



•lime 10. In Carlton-gardens, aged 12, 
Logiaa Jane, daughter of Mark Mil- 
bwike, esq. and grandson of the Duke of 
Ckfdand. 

Jmu 11. At Higfagate, aged 1 1 , Dul. 
dbdia Cediia, youngest daughter of Sir 
£. Wiknot, Bart. M.P. 

Jmu 12. At Dultrich, Rachael Catha- 
rine, wife of the Rev. Robt. Morgan, 
dMi. of the late Dr. Nicholls, of Uinton 
hone, near Reading. 

At Woolwich, aged 30, Caroline, the 
wiftof Lieut. Harness, roral eng. 

Bichard Perii^, esq. of Exmouth. 

la Tafistock-it. Covent-garden, aged 
68^ Mr. Matthew Young, medallist, M. 
Nwn. S. In conjunction with his father 
be kept a shop many years in Ludgate> 
atcwt, whence he removed to High Hol- 
born, and afterwards to Tavistock.strcet. 
These two last residences were the resort 
of the most eminent collectors, by whom 
be was highly esteemed, and will be sin. 
cereiy regretted for his quiet, amiable 
manners, his honourable dealings, and 
bis willingness and skill to assist them in 
tbeir pleasing pursuits. We believe be 
was iiv^uently assistant to Mess. Sothcby 
in forming the Catalogues of Coins, sub. 
mitted to their care for sale. 

Jwu 13. In Cbarlotte-st. Portknd- 
place, aged 72, John Fielder, esq. of 
Duke<st Grosvenor-sq. solicitor. 

Ju»e 11. At North-bank, Regent's- 
park, aged 21, Martha, second daughter 
of W. Rayner, esq. of Stradishall-place, 
Suffolk. 

In Grafton-st. Mary, wife of the Right 
Hon. C. W. WiUiams Wynn, dau.of the 
late Sir F. Cunliffc, Bart. 

Jwne 15. Aged 70, S. Gilbce, esq. of 
Leadenball-st. and Tottenham. 



Berks.— 3/ay 27. At Binfield Villa, 
aged 48, Elizabieth Amelia, wife of Col. 
Kenah, C.B. 

Jtnw II. At Mortimer, Ann Helena, 
wife of Major- Gen. C. Bro\vn, C.B. 
E. I. Co.'s. ser\icc. 

BvcKS. — June 13. At Beaconsfield, 
aged 73, Hester, widow of the Rev. 
Robert Norris, Rector of Tatterford, 
Norfolk, youngest dau. of Harvey Sparkes, 
esq. of Kinstouu Hall, ca Northampton. 

Dkvon. — May 21. At Devonport, 
Capt. Archei', late of 16th dragoons. 
Ma^ 82. At Exeter, at •» airawed 



age, the relict of the Rev. William Tan- 
ner, Rector of Meshaw. 

May 25. At DeIamore,nc«r Ivy-bridge, 
aged 76, Susanna, widow of T. H. Hays, 
esq. sixth and youngest daughter of the 
late Very Rev. W. Cooke, D.D. Dean of 
Ely, and Provost of King's College, 
Cambridge. 

May 27. At the house of her nephew, 
S. C. Culverwell, esq. Charmouth, aged 
83, Mrs. Mary Culverwell. 

Lately. At Lympstone, W. C. Cal> 
low, esq. M.D. 

At Haslar Hospital, Lieut. Warlett, 
R.N. commanding her Majesty's steamer 
Defiance. 

At Brenscombe, Lieut. M. Hill, R.N. 
chief officer of tbe Coast Guard Service 
in that district. 

Do&a«t.—May 25. At Weymouth, 
the wife of Gen. Gore Browne. 

May 27. At Sturminster, aged So, 
Capt. Thomas Moore, late of the £. I. S. 
He was nearly the last surviving officer of 
the army which conducted the war against 
Tippoo Saib. He distinguished himself 
in many engngements, and was once cap- 
tured, and incarcerated for three years and 
six months in one of Tippoo's dungeons. 
Till within a very short period, he, had 
joined in field-sports with a zeal scarcely 
known at the age of fourscore years. 

June 9. At Blandford, aged 65, James 
Florancc, esq. Barrister at Law, and 
Commissioner of Bankruptcy for the 
county of Dorset. He was called to the 
bar at Gray's Inn, Nov. 20, 1809. 

Essex. — March 17. At Harwich, 
Capt. Carruthcrs, 67th regt. 

JuneS. At Great Bardfield, Essex, 
aged 70, Anne, widow of William PoU 
lett, esq. of Dor-street. 

May 31. At Mascolls, near Brent- 
wood, Richard Gardner, esq. of that place, 
and of Billericay. 

Gloucester. — March 28. At Bristol, 
aged do, Ann, widow of Thomas Blaken. 
more, esq. of Westbromwich, co. Staf- 
ford, and mother of Richard Blakemore, 
esq. M.P. of the Lcvs, co. Hereford. 

^pril 13. At Cheltenham, retired 
Commander C. Sheldon Timins, R.N. 

May 7. At Cheltenham, Martha 
Elizabeth Ann, wife of R. Hurd Lucas, 
esq. of Griiuley, AVorc. and Clifton Hall, 
Bucks. 

May 20. At Gloucester, aged 52, 
Alexander Walker, esq. co-proprietor of 
the Gloucester Journal. 

May 28. At Clifton, Sarah Tbeodm^, 
third daughter o( t\i« \«X« 't\i«o^Qt% 



108 



OaiTumv. 



[July, 



Foulks, e«q. of Jamnicai and late of the 
IaIc of Wight, and Dale Park. Sussex. 

Mafj 29. ^t Clifton, aged 71, Samuel 
Lloyd Harford, esq. 

At Bristol, aged 62, Mary, widon- uf 
Lieut. Young, R.N. 

Lot fly. Afc'ed C9, W. Cotfaer, esq. of 
Longford, near frloucester. 

•/Mne 3. At Cbelteiiliqro, HgedGl, the 
Right Hon. Frances- Isttbtlhi duwagor 
Lndy Southamptoji. She wus tho .^ceond 
dan. of the iHte Lord Robert Seymour, 
aunt to the present Marquis of Hertford, 
by bia first wife Anne, dau. of Peter 
Delink, esq. ; beciime, in 1S02, (he second 
wife of George- Ferdinand gnd Lord 
Sou(hani|i(on, and was left his widow 
irt ISIO, having bad i^ue the present 
Lord, the Hon Henry FitzRoy, and the 
Hon. Mra. Allen. 

Jtinc 3, At Gloucester, aged 01, Re- 
becca, relict of the Rev. Joseph Bonnor 
Cheston, duughter of the lute Thynnc 
How Gwyniic, esq. of Buckliind. 

Hants. — May 23. At Colmar Itettory, 
aged 73, James Fowler, esq. late of Bris- 
tol and of Filton, Somerset. 

Laltly. At Catislield, M. Uawker, 
esq. Jubticc of the peace for Hants. 

HtnEFOBX). — Jane, wife of the Rev, J, 
George, Rector of Grosraont. 

Hrnnonn. — May i'^. At Wall Field- 
bouse, near Hertford, ugcd bO, Mias 
Fmnces Hatton, third daughter of tlic 
bitc Sir T. Hatton, Bart, of Long Siim- 
ton, Cnmb. 

JtiHfii. At the residence of bcr son, 
Jatnc» Duneomhc, Woodcock-hill, Eliza- 
beth, widiAV of Brandreth Duncornbe, e»q. 
of Norcott-Hill . 

./««* II . At Hertford, aged 8.S. Daniel 
AlMfdnll, esq. for many years stcw:trd to 
Uie Miirejuis of Salisbury. 

Kt.vr.— jl/aylO. At Tunbridge Wells, 
f]dward Lewkenor, eldest son ol VAw: 
Knight jun. esq. of Cbawton hotise, 
HanU. 

JitM )t. At Tunbridge Wells. ftir«>d 
70, Sarah, widow of Ri 
ThomHs, esq. of 'J'ootiiii; L»<\ 

June. H. Ai I. ...,;,,...- .., 
ing been li< 
lotlf Lydia, ' 
CiJileis, esq. ol 
Rtid v'lunirr^t dill: 
H • 



Jj. 



lUlern month* from the Dtb 



LAKCAeHiKE. — JUay 89. At th« lUfv. 
T. V. Bnyne's, Wurrington, aged 13, 
Jobn-Allunby, eldest son of John Burvs'ls, 
esq. of Woodstock, and grandstvn of the 
late Rev. J. Guteh, Registrar of the Uni- 
versity of Oxford. 

LtNCOtK.— Jwie 4, Aged T8, Francis i 
Chaplin, eK>{. of RiRebolm, a mngintrvtc 
for the parts of Lindscy. 

lately. — At Louth, aged 87, Martha, 
relict of the Rev. Satnuel Yorke, Rector 
of North Thorcsby. 

M rDDLKS£X. —Afay 28. Aged S7, Gd- 
Avard, second eon of the late G. Sliurt, 
esq. of Sutton-boiisc, near Hounslow. 

JuntrW. .\t Hampton- ' ■ —il 117, 

Charles Clicster, esq. of ( icks, 

couain to Lord Bagot, uii> <> ilku 

Countess dowager of Llvefpool. 

MoNMoiT^H. — ^y^H/ 0. At Newport, 
aged osf, Mary, w'w of Mr, .lames Haw. 
kins, and dun. of the bite John NichoU, 
c«q. of Cnerleon. 

June 7. At Court St. Lawrence, near- 
Muninonlb, n^vd 7i>, Robert Vaiix, enq. 
also of Tottenham, ]Middlcsu.<t. 

Northampton. — Junt \. Aaed 7U»j 
M'illium Tyler Soijth, esq, of LittlVl 
fiutif;l>ton. 

Jiiiif 2. Aped 85, the Hon. Datbata, 
relict of the Hon, William Cockayne, orl 
Ru^hton-hall. 

NoTrivcriAM. — Lately. In the I'nioni 
H' ' ^'.ttlnffhum. oped 93, Mrs.J 

Sill . >lie was miiiiii-d to the i 

gr(.'.4 i, the king of lln" -ii'-ii-^ 

Ti years since. He died at 
camp, at Eabtwood-park, in i ' 1 

was interred in Fa»>twcMjd Oiurrh- 
His qnceii was Boon after chMrtfeali 
Selston parish, nii'l " '^si 

Union woikbou-e, ■ 

out in j\liii.'l< l.i..t ... .1 

the Not: um Hospimli on k< 

count of vss. 

OxfuhD, — /»»<• 'Z, A% Bufcot, In hl« 

< rood aoq 

'- ;...., ^ .,. ... ; -'itlingion. 

-KMiMiHiT. — HJiiy !T. ^t tlip Palace 



.^^/v 18. A' •- " ■•"I'—' vaiprj 

BgcdSf?, Hen 

iMUly. A > 

K. Parker, e»q. Uau. ut iLvkkio bir Ufnih 



1838,] 



Obituaby. 



109 



Sbellf, Bart. oF Castle Goring, Sussex, 
•ad aunt to Lord De Lisle ana Dudley. 

Jl/iiy 9. At Edingworth.faouse, East 
Breot, Sophia, wife of George Henning, 
H.D. 

SosKEY. — May 23. At Famham, aged 
7(X Anne Frances, relict of the Rev. T. 
W. Barlow, Prebendary of Bristol. 

Jlay^S. At Petersham, aged 79, Eliza- 
beth, wife of General David Douglass 
Weinyss, of Cumberland -st. 

Jvme 10. At Banstead, aged 93, Mrs. 
Marr Howorth, eldest sister of the late 
U. Howorth, esq. and Lt.-Gen. Sir E. 
Howorth, K.C.B. and G.C.H. 

Junt 14. At Stoke, next Guildford, 
aged 63, R. Sparkes, esq. 

Sussex.— Afay 27. At Brighton, the 
Right Hon. Margaret Countess dowager 
Poulett Her ladyship was the only child 
of the late Ynyr Burges, esq. of Eastham, 
Essex. She married, first, Sir John Smith, 
Bart, of Havering Bower, v.ho took the 
name of Burges ; and, secondly, in July 
1816, John, fourth Earl Poulett, who 
died, without issue by this bis second 
wife, in 1819. 

May 28. At Brighton, aged 21, T. C. 
Helps, youngest son of J. Helps, esq. of 
the Westminster Life-office. 

Atay 29. At Brighton, a^ed 89, Susan- 
nah llacclesfield Jones, rehct of the Rev. 
L. O. Jones, and sister to the lute Sir 
W. Jones. 

Wabwick. — At Leamington, James 
Alacdonald, esq. late Capt. 79tb High- 
landers, only son of the late Donald Mac- 
donald, esq. of Springfield, Morayshire. 

Wilts. — May 31. George Grove, esq. 
of East Hayes, Scdgbill. 

June 7. In his 22i)d year, William 
John, eldest son of John James Calley, 
esq. of Blunsdon-house. 

WoBCESTKR. — June 9. At Malvern, 
aged 84, P. Frost, esq. of Cheltenham, 
late of the Hon. East India Company's 
Home Establishment. 

YonxsmuE.— ^pn7 28. At 'Whitby, 
a^ed 37, John Yeoman, esq. solicitor, 
after a long and severe illness, borne with 
fortitude and pious resignation. His kind 
and courteous manners, his generous and 
hospitable disposition^ his many amiable 
and excellent qualities rendered bim re- 
spected and beloved by a laige circle of 
acquaintance. The societv which he 
moved in and adorned has, in his death, 
suSbred an iirepanUe loss. 



May 23. Mary, wife of the Rev. Geo. 
Mar^vood, of Busby-hall, Cleveland. 

May 31 . Aged 42, Ann, wife of Ro- 
bert Keddey, esq, of Myton-hall, near 
Hull. 

Lately.— At Cantley, aged 33, Katbe- 
rine, dau. of the late Ueneral Chester. 

Wales. — At Cappel Cerig, Camar- 
vonsbire, aged 103, Mrs. Elizabeth Pritch- 
ard. She has left behind her four daugh- 
ters, thirty-four grand children, seventy- 
four great grand children, and two great 
great grand children. 

Scotland.— 4i>n7 8. At £dinbur;pb, 
in her 80th year, the widow of Sir Patrick 
Warrender, of Lochetid, Bart. 

Apnl\^. At Edinburgh, William lUgby 
Murray, only child of the Lord Advocate. 

April 11. Aged 72, Robert Ainslic, 
esq. W. S. the intimate friend and cor- 
respondent of Robert Burns, with whose 
bic^raphy his name will ever be honour- 
ably associated. He was the author of 
" lleasons for the Hope that is in us," 
and his contributions nave for 40 years 
enriched our periodical literature. 

May 11. At Joppa, near Edinburgh, in 
his 1 10th year, John Wright, sergeant. 

May 23. At Cardross-park, Dum- 
bartonshire, Alexander Sharp, esq. late 
of Virginia. 

May 24. At his house in Fifeshirc, 
William Ferguson, esq. of Kilric. 

May 27. In his 80th year, Dugald 
Stuart, esq. of Balachelish, Argyllshire. 

Ireland. — March 25. At Dublin^ 
Ensign Acton, 53d regt. 

^pril 5. Austin Cooper, esq. one of 
the most extensive land-agents in the 
county. When ]>rocceding.with G. Wey- 
land esq. in a gig from Kilmore to the 
fair of Tippcrary, they were fired at by 
eight men who were in ambush. Mr. 
Cooper was shot dead, and Mr. Weyland 
severely wounded in the back. 

April 13. At Umey, co. Tyrone, 
Lieut. John Sempic, late of the Royal 
Irish Artillery, and Brigade- Major of 
Artillery. 

April 18. Lieut.- Col. E. Browne, of 
Breafy, Mayo. 

Lately. At Lame, Lieut. A. Murray, 
R N. chief officer of the Coast Guard 
service in that district. 

In Dublin, R. H. M'Naghten, esq. 

At Harold's Cross, Dublin, Lieut. 
Sullivan. R.N. 

At Lisrcnny, co. Louth, Katty Sloane, 
in her 1 lOth year. She retuned all her 
faculties clear and acute to the last day, 
and was only confined to Vine ^wi^ % mi 
weeks before bee destiki. 



OfliTi;A.Ky. 



[Joly. 



At Newbridge Mills, Judith M'Giiirk, 
in her HlUtli yi'ar. For the Iiist fuwyeiirs 
hbc wa^ forifiiii-d to lit-r bi'd, but could, 
to withid u »iiurt linti; oC her di-iith, dis- 
coui'se on any sulyL-ct she hnd ever kti(>>t'ii ; 
and her Kigbt was up to llic lust liotir no 
good that «be rould sew without g1tis<«c.s. 

Culhariiie, relict of E. Shcil, esq. and 
mother of 11. L. Shoil, esq. M.I'. 

Thomas Burke, esq. son of Mwjor and 
Lndv Matilda Burke, and nephew to tlic 
Ef«rl of tlowth. His funeral in the bu- 
rial ground of Tuam catlicdral on the 
Hth Muy was the occaMon of n riot, in 
consequence of it« having been rumoured 
that he had died a Roman Catholic. 

Mav 5i«. Ap;ed 72, UnbclU, relict of 
the Rev. D. Little, of Killelcagh, Ire. 
land. 

I East 1ndu:s,— Oc/. 0. On the EjisI 
' India station, Mr. Hyiiian. A]id.«hipniKa 
on lioard her Majesty's ship Wolf, son- 
in-law tu B. H, Hoydon, hi^^toricnl 
]winter. 

Dei: ;». At Madra.<«, aged 3.5, Capt. 
George Jubling, of the ;I«t native veteran 
battalion, youngest son of the late JdHh 
Jobling, esq. formerly of Newton Hall, 
Nortbuiiiberland. 

Jan. \i. At Moulmein, in the Bar- 
man Empire, aged 27, Ctipt. Henry Uo- 
ilnirt Moore, 62nd regt. eldest son of Lt.- 
■ Col. Aloore, half-pay I4th foot. 

Jm. 17. At Delhi, aged lH, Lieut. 
W. E. Ilees, of the engineers, son uf the 
rlate W. E. Recs, esq. Bengal Civil Scr- 
fvice. 

Fe*. 7. At Calcutta, aged 18, Helen 
Anne, wife of Arthur fjrotc, E«q. uf lite 
Bengal Civil Service. 

Feb. 13. At Bombay, a^ed '2,3, (ioorgc 

WftddelJ, esq. of the E, I. ('. civil »er- 

■vice, and only son of the late George 

1 Waddell, esq. for many years on the same 

tcstablisbmcnt. 

March (>. At the C*ipe of (iood llopo, 
Irol. J. r. Boileau, comiuaiiding the 
pfengal Hiirse Artillery. 

March II. At Mymrn^ing, iJeiigal, 
iged ?7, Matthew Willium« Carrnther*, 
«q. ofthc Civil Servitv. wmtid son uf 
the late David Carrutl 

Miireh \\. At 
fj<" r-...> i:^.>r..H H,.,, 



M.P. 
■ i, aged 

i.y. 3ith 

r Kon <ir Siirauvl 
■'-^ auclioiier. 



Atrno^M — S'pt. ?'i. At (jeucva, 
'' !.itfi, fruly Mu-iivmu 

' , mid K^'i'dwii of 

IL 



maim were inteiTed In the (ainily vault 
Ht St. Mirlmera church, Toxteth Park, 
Liverpool, a.iil Nov. IHST. 

JiiH. I", On board her Majesty's ■sui- 
veying vetscl, Raven, off the western 
coast of Africa, aged 2-1, T. R. Sykr>i, 
esq. R.N. eldest son of the lute C«j>t. J. 
SyLe»i E. I. Co. 'g service. 

Feb. 25. At the Cape of f iood Ho|>e, 
aged "H, John, eldeiit Kori ot John 
Sncwell, esq. of York-iilare, I'ortniau- 
square. 

March \h. At Port Elizjibctb, South 
Africa, Joseph Sturgis, solicitor of the 
Cape of Good Hope, where he had been 
for nearly twenty years a resident, second 
son of the Hev. Joseph Stnrgis, M.A. ot 
Sibl>ertotl , Nurthamiitonshire. 

March .'JO. Al (Jape Town, aged 1 1. 
Alajor William Henry Foy, Bombny an. 

Ai>ril 15. On hi« pasiMure from the 
Mauritius, Lieut. F. W. B. M'Lec^d, 
.'ijth regt. only son of C'flptain W. 
M'Leod, of the Royal Hospital, ('lielaca, 

Ain-U l"-*. At Rome, aged 13, Loui»H 
Kntiinrine, youngest dan. of the lati- Hon. 
A. Cochrane, Capt. R,N. and niece to 
the Earl of Dundonald. 

'^pril 2S. At Madrid, Cntharinc, wife 
of Lieut. -Col. Connolly, eldest dau. of 
the late L. M. O'Brien, c»<i. of Sant- 
under, Consul of the United Statea of 
America on the north coast of Sp«in. 

May 2. At I'isa, Robert John ({rcw« 
Lawrence, esq. of Montagu-square, Loii- 
duii. 

May 5, At Uoulogne-sur-Mer, Eliza 
Anne, wife of Franciis Drake, esq. and 
Kinter to Sir Digby MackworlJi. Butt. 
She wah the only dau. of .Sir llerlieri the 
first Baronet, by the Hun. Juliana Digby, 
diiii. of William jth Lord Digby. 

May II. At Ala I to, on his rctuni to 
Eiiglttiid from India, Capt. F. Pigott, 
't5th regt. second (ton of J. Pigott, e>q. 
late Lieut.- Col. R<^iynl Buck« Militia. 

At the Hague, aged 5^1, Williiim 
Henrj-, son of George Amhony Sawyer, 
esq, of hon Hill, Hcnbnry, and gntmUon 
of the late George Sawyer, caq. ol Jtaih. 

At Trieste, a^ed 4H, M. [gtiax Von 
Rudhart, lute Minister from Bavaria to 
Grecre, a native of Wui'ontam, in Upper 
Fiancoiiia. 

May 13. Ai p.fi.. :t.-,..i -:•. <U.- ii,,,,. 
France* P ■, 

dan, of the I 

May 17. At AbbevUlv. .i,;.il Ml, 
rtmiles Poole, cftq. late of the Gitivr, 
Sfammiri", 

May VL At U»l»'«id, Liiiit. W. C. II. 



^u K. Dutmrlly, ii.C.i' 



1 838.] BUI of Morldlty. —Markets.— Prices of Shares, 



111 



Lately. At Milan, on her journey 
from Naples to England, aged 76, Mrs. 
Marianne Starke, of Exmoulli, authoress 
of Travels in Italy, eldest dau. of the 
inte R. Starke, esq. of Epsom, many years 
Governor of Fort St, George, Madras ; 
•lao at Dinah, in Britany, in his 3ltii 
year, Richard John Hughes Starke, esq. 
acpbew to the above, and eldest son of 
tke late Lieut.- Col. Starke, of Laug. 
I»nie Castle, Carmarthenshire. 

In Paris, Mr. Samuel Penley, pro- 



prietor and manager of the Windsor 
Theatre, and formerly a performer at 
Drury-lnne. 

At New York, Mr. Peame, the engi- 
neer of the Great Western steam-ship, iu 
consequence of a severe scalding which 
he received shortly before her arri\-al. 

At Fonteiiay-sous-Bois, aged 64, the 
celebrated P'rench comic actor, Potier. 

At St. Jago, Cupe de Verd, the Bri- 
tish consul, Mr. Eagan. 



BILL OF MORTALITY, from May 29 to June 19, 183S. 



Christened. 
Females 712/**** 



Buried. 
Males G52 
Females &U) 



J1292 1^ 



WberMf have died under two years old.. .258 



H 



2 and 5 196 I 


5 and 10 


83 


10 and 20 


52 


20 and .30 


91 


30 and 40 


132 


40 and 50 


139 



20 and 60 125 
60 and 70 155 
70 and 80 84 
80 and 90 28 
90 and 100 9 



AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, by which the Duty is regulated, June 23. 



Wheat. 
M. d. 
62 11 



Barley. 

t. d. 
30 10 



Oats. 

$. d. 
22 7 



Rye. 
t. d. 
33 3 



Beans. 
«. d. 

sn 



Peas. 
t. d. 
35 4. 



PRICE OF HOPS, per cwt June 22. 



Kent Bags 

Sasaex 

Kaniham (Ane) .. 



M. 10*. to 
JiL 0«. to 
..11. 0». to 



5/. 5». 
0/. 0«. 
8/. lOt. 



Famham (seconds) 01 Ot. to O;. 0«. 

KentPockeU AL 10*. to 5/. 0«. 

Sussex SL 10«. to M. 6*. 



PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW, June 23. 
Smithfield, Hay, U. 10s. to 5/. 17»._Straw, 1/.18*. to 2/. 4*— Clover, 5/. Ot. to 61. 



SMITHFIELD, June 22. 

Beef. 3». Ad. to 4*. 

Mutton 3». lOd. to *f. 

Veal As. 2d. to 5#. 

Pork At. 8<i. to 5#. 



To sink the Offiil — ^per stone of 81bs. 



2d. 
8d. 
Ad. 
Ad. 



Lamb 5*. 6d. to 61. OJ. 

Head of Cattle at Market, June 22. 

Beasto 887 Calves 420 

Sheep & Lambs 10,910 Pigs 450 



COAL MARKET, June 20. 
Walls Ends, from 20*. Od. to 23*. Od. per ton. Ofher sorts from 10*. 8J. to 25#. 6rf. 
TALLOW, per cwt.— Town Tallow, 50». Od. Yellow Russia, 40*. Oi. 
CANDLES, It. 6A per dos. Moulds, 9*. Od. 



PRICES OF SHARES. 

At the Office of WOLFE, BaoTHERs, Stock and Share Brokers, 

23» Change Alley, Comhill. 

Birmingham Canal, 221. Ellesmere and Chester, 79. Grand Junction, 

206i. Kennet and Avon, 25}. Leeds and Uverpool, 640. Regent's, 15|. 

-Rochdale, 104. London Dock Stock, 63. St. Katharine's, 108. West 

India, lOa Liverpool and Manchester Railway, 206. Grand Junction Water 

Worica, 594. West Middlesex, 95. Globe Insurance, 145. Guardian, 354- 

Hope, 51. Chartered Gas, 5U. Imperial Gas, 50. Phcenix Gas, 22. 

Independent Gas, 48J. General United Gas, 31. Omada Und Com- 
pany, 30. Reversionary Interest, 133. 

For Prices of all other Shares inquire M above. 



112 
METEOnOLOGICAL DIARy, dy W. CARY, Strahd. 

From Ma;/ 26 to June 22, 1838, both incluiive. 



Kahrenbeil's Tbiriti. 

II ^ 

L2-C 

^2 



F«liieiiheit'a Therm. 



''^M • 


Ijk tc 


, 1 


r^-Sii-? 


B 


»v.5-l£ 


^ 


5s 0^ 


Zi 


M«y 


o 





26 


41) 


39 


,87 


48 


58 


|S8 


32 


a 


fso 


57 


03 


so 


58 


ou 


31 


08 


09 


Ja.t 


01 


04 


2 


58 


07 


a 


01 


GO 


4 


61 


(ij 


5 


(fl 


OJ 


U 


51 


54 


7 


54 


01 


a 


51 


50 



c 






■a ^ 


a 


;l^ 


'! i 




i 


Wi-atlier. 




1 11 


WcHlhcr. 


in. pts. 




June 


6 


a 





'ill. nfn. 




3U,<H 


niir 





30 


00 


51 


!3U.I3 


fair, cloudy 


^0,90 


do. 


10 


00 


oi 


58 


^9,00 


cloudy 


,58 


niiii, fr, rain 


11 


57 


eg 


53 


,30 do. rein 


,65 


cloudy, fttir 


12 


54 


02 


52 


, 37 do. do. 


,80 


do. do. 


13 


55 


02 


54 


, 07 do. do. 


,90 


do.do.tn.th. 


14 


00 


68 


57 


, 74 f«r,clo.rwii 


,90 


du.do.do. 


15 


58 


04 


54 


, 74 do. du. do. 


,WJ 


lo.do.do. 


16 


64 


70 


02 


, 78 do. do. do. 


,78 


lo.do.do. 


17 


48 


73 


04 


, 84 do. da. 


.70 


Jo. do. 


18 


09 


74 


56 


, 60 d«, do. rvtiii 


,V7 


tuir 


19 


02 


09 


50 


,81 do. do. 


30.04 


Jo. 


20 


63 


05 


60 


, 72 do. do. nin 


,10 


do. 


21 


01 


70 


55 


>60 


do. do. 


,JiO 


do. 


22 


63 


€5 




,84 


do. do. niin 



DAILY PKICE OF STOCKS, 

Fnm May 28 to Jvnt 21, 1838, both ineituite. 



28 

25)203 






cq 



803 

4 2054 
5205 

6 204} 

7 203 

8 2051 
S205] 



11 
12205{ 

132U5 

i£ — 

I ^'2051 
J<*2034 
18|2()5| 
]8 2U.''i 
]»S(l5i 



93i 



104 



h 



if-a '^z'-^-t.S 



<o 



lOlj 
lOli 
1011 
lOIJ 
lOlJ 

lou 

lOlJi 

tou 
ioijiioii- 

101 ii- 

,1014)- 

101 i- 

lou ioiih 

1101#' 

1014 

I — ,ioii 
iioiviuM 
1 — K'H 

;;ioi* 
101 i loll 

101 i 

1011 



1024 

lOiJ 

1U3 

103 

IO*J 

lOifj 

lV2i 



c -"t .3-8 



1064 
1 00 1 




iiart 



9Sill07 



15i^ 



270 
270 
270 



6407i)Fn 
Olp'n. 
OSpm. 

73 73j)ni, 



2704, 71- Jim. 
— "4imi. 



7-1 pm . 



Ex. BilU, 
iTJOOO. 



0OC4pm. 
Ot 06 pro. 
05 09 pm. 
70 08 pm. 
69 71 pm, 
7O07|)m. 
07 G9 pm. 

69 74 pm. 
07 fjy pm. 

67 70 Jim. 

70 (is pm. 

68 70 pm. 
68 70pni. 
m 70 pm. 



I" "■' pm. 
08 70 pm. 
69 70 pm. 
69 71 |im. 
71 pm. 
7l0epn. 



J. J. AJiNULL, Stock Broker, 1, Btnk BoiMLngi, Comliili, 

lata RtcUA.aD80«, Goooixcv.. «a4 hSMVLU 






THE 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, 

AUGUST, 1838. 
By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



CONTENTS. 



PU 




171 



MtcOR CoRRKSPOffDENCK.—PrixyTithM.— Hydrophobia, awu 8(0..., lU 

Listxk'i LifK 01' Clahrxdox MS 

AJiccdote* of Ciileridgc tlie Po«t, and of LoiuIod Newspjtpen 1S4 

CHAtTRbtON, Rod his use of BAilejr'i Dictionary ..,.,.,,. 138 

-Paoio Sasi'I : hi^ nharetn tUe Cgiispirncyof the Spaniard! against Venice 

in IGl 9 i and Iuk rinitn to the discovery of the Circulation of the Btood. . . . 134 

itu» rtiiii lli-liL'ious Toleration 141 

Ancittii I ' of th« ("hurehe* of St. Peter and St. Nichula*, at Biddes- 

tun, ' ffi WoodcuU) 142 

Gtrnt't Hiitnry of Euglith Rhythms, and the Anglo-Saxon ControTcray 143 

The Succeias of Sir Humphry Davy 150 

The old Koyol Uardcnaat Ken&ington.. 151 

The PniTvr nnil Homily Sooiety ; and modera Greek Stbolarslup ^• 

PoKTBT.— Infan« An^idus loijuitur »•.... >>>• l^'^ 

RBVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 

» Calvin** Life Jvnd Theology, hy Samuel Dunn, 153 ; Babbogc'a Ninth 
Bri.!;: itiiic, 15.i; Thotns's Book of the Court, ISH; M'alkrr'« 
Smii ! Miinor House, Iti'i; Wright's Mrraoriols of Cambridge, 
lfi< ; >!i ' " 'liiofnipliical Poems, by C. A. Brown, 164; 
Moody'* iiimar ; Slade's Colloquies, IC^!; O'Conner'a 
_ I"---'- - '''■n'« Prose Works, Briti.ih Diplonaocy and 
■ re and his FricndE, Fitzhrrbcrt, Sue. 169; 
■ ! IS, Kennedy's Siege of Antwerp, 170; 
Uruwuc'i, Dull) liifivici' , 
FINE ARTS. -Stained Glaw at Oscott, Oxford, and Newtown, 171.— Sir 

ChnrlcR Coote'« Pii-turcai, Portrait of Sir Joshua Reynolds. 173 

L1TER.\RY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 

Nirw Pul»lii-ation», 174. — Universities, 175, — Public Schools, 17(». — Etruacan 
Anlifjuities and Fossil Remains purcha»«d for the British Muaeam, 177. — 
Institute of British Architects, 178. — Architectural Society 179 

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.— Kom.m Rcm.iins at Cirencester. Tomb 
in I'liivnix Park, Dublin, 179. — Roman Road iit Lincoln, Sec. 180. — Rocnan 
Coiaa found neaj- Hndderttield. — .Sculpture in lllngsin Church l)iU 

IIISTORICAL CHRONICLE— Proceedingu in Parliament, 18,1.— Foreign 

Newa, !*<(>. — Domestic Occurrences, 1H7. — Th* Cuuonatiom , IB8 

Promotioos, Births, Marria{;es , ...••(•«,,,,, 304 

OBITUARY ; Willi Memoirs of th« Duke of Leeds ; the MarqniB of 
OmiuQiic t Baruii FukcI ; Count Sommariva ; Chief Baron Joy ; Lt -Gen. 

'*•''''' " — '' ■'" ■ *■■■■ 'thics Pcrgrusson, Bart. ; Sir Digby Mack- 

. Bart. ; Sir R. C. Glyn, Bart. ; Major 
' iieral Wynyard ; Major-Gen. Barry • Hart 
Logan, hK\- M.P. ; Jnnii-B HaUi-. Esii. M.P. -, Lieut. -Gen. Sir E. Barnes; 
Coirt. W. S. Parkinson ; .M. Teisicr ; Tliomas Slock, Esq. ; W. D. Wilson ; 
Rev. Dr. Martilitnau ; A. Athc, Es(|. ; Mr. John Gale Jonca ; Dr- Watson ; 
Mr. JamiFi llroiul , «<nij 

Clkkoy I , Ac. tkc , "2V9 

Bill of .M >luket»— Price* of Share*, 231.— McUoro\oftlc%L Dvan— 

Stork*...,,, , »»,4«»«, ,,,,,,,, ,»... . *S*! 

MmbcllLUxedmtbaPl^ of the C«^v.i.p,t Ga.d.n »tK«>.%WCTO» ; 
Vitw, of two UcifOMai JBi»p«,TO.v, WUU, &c. 



114 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



b 



rference to the term " Privy or 
Tilheit," Bircady diiciused in our 
vol. It. i>. IIJ, vol. III. p. ?.:<H, a coiTiD- 
poiidcot makt-a tlir following romurk.t : 
" The origin of the term vras thus. At 
the time of the Eccksiastical Survey (I. i.'M) 
and previous iJicTfto, that if", in monastic 
times, when the tithes of apariish belonged 
to the |iul)lic community of priestn mul 
monks in a monastery, the tithes, fvhich 
■were tfonhlesotnc to collect, and which 
we now generally call finiall or Ticjirial, 
were left to maintain the %-icaror oHicitiling 
minister in the privale local ]>arii«h where 
thcjr arose, nod were frequently called 
•priva(«e dccimic,' privy or private tithes, 
in contradislinctiim to the gtcnt tiihis, 
which the public fommunity in thcraonns- 
fcry took care to keep to thcm»elvc.<. By 
referring; to the Erclesinjitical Survey, na 
printed by order of the King in I817rit 
will be found that tiic term ' privatB 
ilecimie,' privy tithes, occurs most fre- 
<{uently in the inidknd counties, lis in 
the diocest:* of Worcester, GloucesttT, 
and Hereford ; and in the snnic return, 
where the vienr ia mentioned ua having 
• in privatis deomis,' worth fco and to, 
very fretjuently the exprciision ' et in aliis 
miniitia dccimi*,' follows, which is a re- 
dundancy of expression, and iiii:relr refers 
to small trifling tithes hardly wortli notic- 
ing, which (he ' ]<rivatie dceiwK,* in 
fact, included. If a distinction could be 
made between the privatir decimie aiid 
the minutie decim», it was this. The 
privatie dccima: referred to the more snb- 
Ktantial pftrt^ of what we n'jw rail the 
vicarial tithe.s, and ttuch ns a^o^e from the 
land, as fruits, potatoes, turtiipa, hop«, 
lamb, wool, milk, calves, ac;islnient, A.c. 
TTie minutie deciinie referred to the tri- 
fling tithes of piga, geeBC, epi;a, honey, 
wax, &c. which were things that farmer* 
might have, or might not have. 

*• A» moniwteries and the ^rent lithe* 
that belonged tu them have ladnl in our 
Tiew, so has the term privy tithes become 
Br.ore and rooie obsolete, and the more 
correct definition of small or virariol, 
which comprise and miao i ' 'nics, 

become general. And i 'iou 

that this i« thi- correct i ,..^. I will 

here briefly quote what Mr. Jufticc Black- 
stooe oars, who may be c:allrd the best 
anthoritj that could be rpiutcd on the 
»ubject. Aflrr rrfrrriMK tu the abuee* in 
moh I'd the rstnlilis.hiiient of \i- 

cai • -.in viil, i. p«j;r :I7;», eliaju 

ter »-,..Li- '• •■' ■■ ••■•• 

rai^en ha^r >: 

wmonage, MOtI n fiHrliraim niiuir ul llie 
S»j wiuch the Mjtjint/ifiatorB found it 



most troublesome to collect, and which 
arc therefore qenerully called privy, small, 
or vicarial Ivthe.t.' Eaijle, in hisTrcatiae 
on Tithes, vol. i. page ','J, in »praking of 
the endowment of vicarage*, aays 'They 
were endowed with what arc generally 
called privy or small titbea.* Lek." 

IlrnRoninni.v and Canink Pa- 
thology. \ very extensive in<|uiry has 
been recently made on the Continent into 
several canine diseases commonly con- 
founded together under the name of Ay- 
liropliohia. In this innniry the naiiit-s of 
Karon D'llanens, Dr. Forsler, and others, 
occur ns leading physiologists ; the (diject 
has been to a.scertain the proiMirlionalc 
number of real to false cases of that dis- 
ease, and the result has proved highly 
satisfactory, for it sitnis that out of lfM> 
reported cases, not above one real one will 
be found ; that the true contagious hydro- 
phobia is a very rare disorder, and that 
the eufccs so often inisiakcu for it, which 
cause the death of so many hei'mlcss doga, 
ia a complaint quite innocent in its cha- 
racter. Another important fact is, that in 
the hot countries of the south of Europe, 
where dog* swarm in the streets in an 
almost wild state, canine madneai is un- 
knovrn, which «hews that heal has very 
little to do with the canse of the disorder. 
The true canine loadne'.* is found chiefly 
in those countries when- tlie cruel practice 
of dog-fighling prcvnil-i, uud \s totally un- 
heard of in Turkey, where Hiiimala are 
kindly treated, and where hghting them 
for amusement is forbid. The strongeat 
prcd)<t|>onent to the disorder, ton, has 
been )irovcd to he /tar of it* ncrurrenc, 
iiuil for tliii rca»oD, in countrir.» where 
thete is a censorship of the |>ress, it has 
been Ibrbidden to rr|iort casei of tiiu dis- 
order. 

It appears by Queen Eliwilieth'n Wood- 
ward's account, tluit 'JiK» oaks were de- 
livered to Sir Walter Raleigh towards the 
building and structure of ship.s, by gift of 
the l.ndy Eli/al)eth the Queen, by vir- 
tue of a wnrrant umWr the hand of the 
Lord Treasurer of Etvgland, tiated xtb 
April I5H(;. 

Addendum to June, ji. 507. In I'.Hi, 
Mr. Hugh .M'Kcon ol Lavenham, pub- 
lished, An Inquiry into the Birthplace. 
Parentage, l.lfc. and Writing* ottheR««. 
William tiiiiiicll, M.A. fornu-rly Krctwr 
of L«>riihain in SiifTolk, and Author of 
the Christian in ('odiplelc Armour. 

\l M.. ,.l,.. I ...1. . 1 ■ 

4 and A. for 

<i:>, at II n» & 
iiotutlir' ' panah in i»uX- 



^ 




GKiXTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



Ufe and Admininl ration of Edunrd first Earl of Clarendon .- with Ort 
nal Correspondeacc and authentic Papers never hr/ore published. 
T. H. Lister, Esq. .i vols. 6vo. Lond. 1838. 

•' PUT not your trnst in Princes/* is pcrLapa the moral lessoti whlcji 
i« tlie most frequently inciilcatod Ijy liislory, aJitJ certainly not lei 
frrqiieiitJy bv our own Mstory tliaii by that of otiicr iiatiouH. WolseyJ 
More, and ^^lrafford, arc conspicuous instaiicea from our own annuls ; buT 
C'larcndun, llio .Huhjert of the prcsfnt work, stands amongst the kuoH'i 
victims of royal ingr.-ititndc as the most obvious and eminent example* 
A gliincc ut his biography, to the consideration of which these voiniuc 
"invite n«, will prove the truth of this remark. 

Cdward Hyde, born on the IHth February 1609, was the third son 
enr)' Hyde, of PlhUin. in the county of Wilts, a gentleman of small 
tate, and a descendant of the llydes of Norbury and Hyde in C'lieshiroJ 
fter receiving the ladiments of c<lucation at home, he passed, in lrt22^ 
the prccocions age of fourteen, to Magdalen Hall. His; first destination 
as the Church ; but some disappoiuttnents at Oxford, and the circum»l 
nee of Ids haviug iuHuential family connexions in tlie Law, occasioucdj 
_ alteration in his views; and shortly before the 14l[i February 1026, 
when he t<H)k his degree of bachelor of arts, he entered of the Middle Templei 
111 health and an attach ment to gay society rendered his first three years 
little mlvantajire to him as a lawyer ; and, probably, in the hope of his beini 
ilDore determinedly lixed in the study of his profcs.^ion. his father conscntc 
> his marringe in l(!'J5>, iK'ingthen underage, to a daughter of Sir GeorgC 
yliffc of Gretenham in \Vilts. His wife caught the small-pox, miscarriedjl 
id died, within six months of their union ; and in I (132 he married hii 
c.ind wife Frances, daughter of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Master of tk( 
}•' \iid of the Mint — a gentleman whose character is placed in I 

>' 'lie light by a letter respecting his daughter's marriage, printed 

in the third volume of the present work. (P. 3.) 

U'ithiu A few months after Hyde's second marriage his father die< 
Middenly, and he then came into possession of property sufficient to s« 
him to n certain extent above the necessity of "' labouring in his vocation.'^ 
He cnntinoed indeed to practise the Law, but it was not in that p>crse 
vering way in which alone men can become great lawyers. They ar 
plants which thrive best in a poor and barren soil ; take from them il 
eaily life the necessity of working for their daily bread, and they ma] 
iK.iunie Clarcndonei, hut never Kldons. Hyile devote*l " every day sot 
hour^ to general hterature .... With meuibers of lii» own profession h^ 
li\ed little .... but ere he had attained the age of twenty-seven, coul^ 
''■ annung his intinmie associaten many of the most emineol 
, the kingdom — pei8onn distinguished not merely by rank ani 

l.i..\( I, l,ut by their characters, abilities, and acquirements It ' 

probable, " snys Mr. Lister. " that he then entertained hopes of futur 
pulittrnl or literary distinction " (I. N) If so. he judged wisclvj. TV 
cfxirke he tcnik soon led Uiin into the lIou.se »)f Coiuawu%, '*vv^ \vc vVvJ 
at lAOCi' tfecnaie conspicuous, if not eminent. 



UG 



Lister*! L\fe of Clarendon. 



[Aug. 



» 



I 



He was first retnrned to the Parliament which met on the 13th April 
1640, and was mshly dissolved on tlic 5th May following;. During that 
short session, Hyde entert'd warmly upon public busint'Ss, and oven 
ventured into the field in opposition to Hampden- U|xin the vitnl ques- 
tion of a su])ply, he endeavoured to steer a middle course between the 
temerity of the King's advisers and the craft of the popular leader ; and, 
if lie had been supported by the former, all mi^ht have gone well. 
Abandoned by them — through the treachery of Vane, as has been said^ 
the question of supply was adjourned, and a dissolution followed in anger. 
Although opposed to Hampden in that particular instance, the Journals 
contain ample evidence that Hyde entered upon public life as a reformer. 
The next Parliament was that one which has been immortalised in our 
history as ''the Long Parliament." It met on the 3rd of November 
1640, and Hyde was returned for Saltash. In all the early measures, 
Hyde cordially co-opcratcd : he instituted an inquiry which put an end 
to the Earl Marshal's Court ; he assisted Lord Falkland in the impeach- 
ment of Lord Keeper Finch ; he preferred the charges agaiast the Barons 
of the Exchequer ; he conducted the proceedings for the suppression of 
the Council of the North ; and, Hnally, he tooK an uctive share in the 
prosecution of Strafford. We say " finally," for there ended the career of 
Hyde as a reformer. The fall of StraflTord, which animated the extreme 
]>arty to bolder exertions, seems to have brought Hyde to his senses. 
They proceeded in their straigdt-ouward course to despotism ; he stood 
for awhile aloof, as if stunned by the recoil of the blow he had aided in 
Qtrikingj ntid, as soon as the Church became the object of attack, passed 
over to the ranks of those who made a vain attem]>t for the conservatiou 
of the monarchy. In his secession from the reform party, he preceded his 
friend Lord Falkland, but only by a. few weeks. Falkhind supported tho 
bill for deprivang the Bishops of their scats in the Mouse of Lords, under 
the impression that " it was the only expedient to preserve the Church, 
aod that, if this passed, nothing more to its prejudice would be at> 
tempted." (I. 110.) He wassoou convinced of his error, and thenceforth 
the two friends, ranged side by side, continued a calm aod steady although 
entirely unsuccessful opposition to the ii>roads of democracy. Hyde's 
defence of the Church attractc<l tltc attention of Charles, who made an 
opportunity to return him his thanks in person ; and when the celebrated 
Remonstrance was published by the Commons — the first of that long 
series of papers by which each party sought to make the peoj>le the judgeti 
of their quarrel — Hyde, wh«) had opposed its publication iu Parlinment 
with more than ordinary vehemence, prepared a reply to it, «lncli was 
adopted by the King, and published as *' the Kings Answer with the Ad- 
vice of his Council.' It is correctly described by Mr. Lister a» " firm, 
temperate, and judiiious, retorting without acrimony, condescending with- 
out meanness, nnd blending conciliation with reproof. It tended to ex- 
pose the anti-]iacific intentions of the Parliamentary leaders, and to place 
the King in the right." (1. 1.38.) 

Prom this time Falkland, Colei»eper, and Hyde, were the principal 
tagers for the King In the House of Commons ; and it would have 
»n well if he luid acted entirely by their advice ; for, even yet, his cause 
8 probably nut quite desperate. Other counsels urged him. howevcfj 
that singular ,-ict of folly, tin ' (o seize tl. ' !iich 

instantly followed by the ; n by the I ,ity 

the roynl forinstfen — a boJtl usurpation tt» which lUcy i^tulusduii to tic 



1S3B.] 



Lt«ter*« Life tf Clartnion. 



driven, tn self-dcfeocc, by t>ic Kind's wanton and inpxrns&blc invnstoo 
their iirivilegeti. Tlie die wns now thrown ; war linrl become inevitablt- 1 
but l)eforc the sword \ras aitu.illy dmwn, botli parties appealed noniinnll] 
to c-%cli other, but renlly to tlie ])eoplc, in various addresses, rcplici 
petitions, answers, ines<iage«, declarations, and many other descriptions 
Stnte Papers. In the royal portion of those papers, the King was assist 
by Hyde — the ni<j«t important of thcn> were prepared by liim — and 
certainly better serriee has seldom been rendered to a sovereign than 
endered to Charles in the composition of thoee celebrated documents^ 
They were too liberal, too cohciliatorj', too straight-forward to satisfy sncl 
(MSA those wlio induced their sovereign to enter the House of Com* 
MM} but they gained him many friends amongst the better classes of tlttl 
people ; and tliey did more — they continue to gain hjai friends down KxX 
the ppesf'nt hour, and will continue to do so through all time. They ar^I 
V- ags in the great clause which was ultimately decided in tlifl] 

\ rt of Justice for trying the King, and every one admits that th< 

ca»e thcv make out is in the King's favour, and, conserjucntlV) that tlifll 
decision in that court was unjust. " It is impossible," as Mr. Lister rC'*! 
narks, "to compare these royal manifestoes with those of the Parliamenti 
ritbout being sensible of the superiority of the former, both in the argu<< 
Bcnts employed aud the ability with which they were enforced." (I. 177. 
L'fore the King set up Lis standard, Hyde joined him at Yorki 
and a few months (iftcrwnrds he was ap[K>intcd Chancellor of the] 
Exchequer, and in that character followed the person of Charles^ 
until the Prince of V^"ales waa sent into the West, when he was appointed] 
oiombcr of hie council, nud on the .'>th March 16-15, ju^ previous to hifj 
eimrture in the company of the Prince, had his last interview witl 
liar|e>( I. at Oxford. Twelve months afterwords, the whole of the wea 
Enghmd was in the power of the Parliament, and the Prince and ht| 
l&nte, of whom Lord Cnpel, Ijord Hopton, and Hyde, now Sir Ed*] 
t, were the priucipnl, took refuge, firft in Scilly, and afterwards ii 
ftTsey, frt)m whence the Prince passed into France in 1646. Hyde^ 
|Ca{ic1, and Hopton, disapproving of the Prince's removal into that 
gantry, remained behind at Jersey ; and Hyde, released from otiier duties 
Bt himself to the composition of his History of the Rebellion, which Iw 
bad bcgjui in Scilly. He and his two friends lived and kept house togethc 
in St. Hilary's, whore, having a cliaplain of their own, they had prayer 
every day in the church, at eleven o'clock in the morning ; till which houi 
they employed themselves as they thought fit; Hyde in his literary purw 
•iijti ; the others in walking, riding, or reading as they were disposed 
but at the hour of prayers they always met, and then dined together 
the Lord Hopton's lo<igings. ''Their t.'ible waa maintained at their joint 
expense only for dinners, they never using to sup, bat met always npoil 
tlw sands in the evening to walk, after going to the enstle to Sir Cicoru 
tCuterctt who treated them with extraordinary kindness and civility, anti 
eat much time with them. ' During this period Hyde's industry wal 
"^iBoet exemplary. 

" Between hi» linoks and his papers," says Mr. Lister, " he rarely sjier 
lc!u» than ten hours a day. It is uncertain how much of that time wa 
df-roti'd to h!i Histor)'. Three hours a day, he tells Nicholas, were aa 
^; I writing, but much more might have been given 

II n.ition of authorities, hi addition to \Vi\% c»i\»\aNw\tx 

lie appUcd hiuim-]/ to the improrcuivut of bis knowledge oi YxeiicV V\X.c 



I 



p 



18 Lisiet's Life of Clarendon. [Aug. 

tiire, and still more to classical studies. ' I have,' lie said to Dr. Sbel- 
doii in Aujfust 1G-I7i ' read over l<ivy, and Tacitus, and almost all TnUy's 
works ; and liave written since 1 came into tliitj l»les3e<l isle near 1500 large 
sheets of paper in f liis delicat<! hand ;' and ' he wrote «lai)y little less than 
one sheet of large paper wttli his own hand ' during the two years that he 
remained iu Jersey." (I- 301.) 

After some time Capol and Hoplon quitted him ; the one going into 
the United Pronnccs, and (he other into France, and both meditating a 
return into England. Hyde then removed into Ca.stle Rli/abetli, where 
tSir George Carteret gave him an nsyiuui, and there he remained until 
other duties called him to a more active life. Whilst at Jersey alone, the 
company of his «ife ami children would have been a solace to him, but 
poverty kept thiin asniitler. Lady Hyde remained in England, '* hearing 
licr part with miraculous courage and constancy." " We may, I hope," 
he writes to Nicholas, " be able to live some time asunder, but I am sure 
we should tjuickly starve if we were together ; yet « hen starving cornea 
to be necessary, to be more feared than hanging, we will starve by the 
grace of <«od together." "My man is at last returned," he said, in a 
previous It-tter to Lady Dalkeith, " with great good news to me, which is 
with incredible stories of my wife's courage and nmguanimity -. and that, 
though she be like to want every thing, she will be cast dowu with 
nothing." (Lister, I. 304.) 

When Prince Charles remove<l from France into Holland, the King 
transmitted his commands to Hyde to give the Prince the liencfit of his 
assistance. The simmions was received in June 1648, and Hyde obeyed 
it instantly. After some very annoying disasters in the course of his 
journey, he rejoined the Prince at the Hague upon hi.s return from his fruit- 
less attempt to take advantage of the revolt of the English fleet. From 
that time until the restoration, Hyde continued in the service of the exiled 
Prince, and, m itii some few exceptions, as during an embassy into 8j)Biu, 
and during t-'harlt's's expedition into Scotland, was constantly about his 
person, and had the principal management of his aftiiirs. 'I'he labour and 
the annoyances he underwent in that service arc scarcely credible : 
harassed by the oj»po.silion of the Queen Dowager, and the perpetual diii- 
sensious in the mimic court of the exiled monarch ; bni-thened by the duty 
of provirling as far as was |>ossible for the daily want.s of Charles's honne- 
hoM, which was often a task of extreme dilhcultyi and, above all, lor- 
meuted by the frivolity of Charles's character, his imlolencc, and the im- 
]>ossibitity of making him feel an interest iu any thing of a higher chnrac- 
ter than an intrigue, are all very strongly pourtrnyed in Mr. Lister's 
volumes. Hyde's wife and family passed over to the Continent, and took 
up their reaideiice at .Antwerp, where they suflTered as great hardships im 
himself. " At this time," he writes in IS'ovciiil)er UmJ, '* I have neither 
clothes nor lire to preserve me from the sharpness of the season." At 

I another time, " I am so cold that I can scarce hold my i)en, and have not 
three sous in the ivorld to buy a faggot." Again, " 1 have not been 
master of acioun these many months, am cold for wntit of clothes and fire, 
ftud owe for all the meat \vliieh i have eaten the»e three months, and to a 
poor woman H ho is no longer able to trust ; and my ptKU family at Antwerp 
(uhich hiralA luy heart) is in as sad a ntute n% I nin. ' (LiMtcr, I. liTH.) 
Vet murk how he spurns the notion of i.^ . i.is«ion. " 1 

AvM>H' mtother counsel to give you than, ' !, I mean to 

'//A'jf taywjf. which is to Hubniit to Ciod'b pk-u^uu' ktud judgaieot upon 



I 



1838.] 



Li&ter'ii Life of Clnrendun. 



Ill 



we, aiitl to ktarve rtrnlly «utl literally ivltli the couifort of liaviug ei 
tlcuvourcrl !o avoid it l»y itit lioiicst iiicaii», ninJ nUher to Ix'ar it tluiii dj 
any tliiit4i i.-i)iitmry tu my duty. C'oiiipoiindiiig is a thing 1 do ii( 
uiidn^tiind, or h(»vv ;i iiinii ci»ii do it lo sjive one's life. \\c luiis 
pla> nut the game ivilli tlmt cnnrajic ms bccuiiie:) |raiiic$ters nho ucrfl 
liibt eiic;agcd by n»iisticnie ngaiust all iiiotivi.'s and interest, and 
j;tinl lu let the world know that we were carried on only bv conscience.'j 
|.<Iii«ter, I. 3(33.) 

But brighter days a|>pru:iched. Cromwell's death was followed by 
l^liiirt seafion of eoufusion, niid lli:tt by liie Restoration, to whieh Hyde con^ 
trihntrd by the preparation nf the eelcbrated declaration from Breda, anil 
the foy;d Ifttirs to Monk and the Army, to the two Houses, to the Navi 
and to the City of 1/ondon. Hyde entered London in the train of Charlt 
and on the third day afterwards iooV his seal in the House of Loads aitl 
Ihc C^iirt of Chaneery as Lord Chancellor — an ulTiee to whieh he had had 
^appointed at Bniges on the Ivitb January KiiiH. (Lister, 1. 1 tO.) Earljj 
lln Ihc year after the restoration, Hyde was created a Baron, and, at tl 
^conniation, an EarL He iv.is also offered the garter, but declined it 
*)i«g, that " there were very many worthy men who well remeniberci 
liim of their own condition when he first entered into his [the King sj 
fctlicr'a service, and believed that lie was advanced too much bcforj 
Iiem." (Lister, II. til,) About the same time he received from Charles, 
ift of Jll.OdO/. and was oflertd a grant of land, whicli he declined, iipc 
fihe ground that it was the iluty of his olTiee to insj)eet such grants, " vvhici 
rdiachaige of his duty could not but raise him many enemies, who sliould 
[Hot hn^e that advuntagc to say, that he ul)structed the King's bouutj 
jlowards other men, when ho made it very profuse towards himself," (If 

m.) 

For six years sub.Ncqueut to the Restoration the goyernincut of tli^ 
country leslcd upon the shoulders of Hyde. The settlement of tl 
|church and state, — the Itxiogthc royal revenue, — the disbanding the Coi 
nioniveaJth army, — the abolition of the feudal tenures, — the punishmcni 
of the regicides, — the marriage of the King, and the task of endeavouriiii 
lo restrain his extravagances, curb his lieeiiliousness, and iiuiuiate 111 
ulloth, all fell upon Hyde. That he accomplished these vaiious objecls,- 
kUut he put together again the broken fragiiienls of the machinery of tiM 
■ Oiouarehy, and, buiMing upon llie old foundation, eonstruete<l a fabric in^ 
finitely more liberal atiil more consonant uitli freedom than the one whicl 
had been destroyed, is a theme for no slight ptaise; mc who look at l! 
ricsults may see, or fancy that wo see, defects in llie new superstnictur 
'and it is easy to give vent to veiy line dcelamafioii in favour of our owi 
"more enlightened " notions ; but tiiuf the remodelling was as lil>eral 
the times would bear is strikingly proved by the circniustanec that, ii 
linost every instance. Clarendon's schemes were narrowed, and not exH 
*lendc<l, by the pailinroents to which they were submitted. He was, at anj 
cvcot. too libcial for them. 

And now we pass to the last act in the drama of the Life of Clurendon 

1^* U'hut exiled Hyde.''"' has been asked by mnny iucpiirers both liefoi 

fid MuiT Dr. Jolinson ; but without entering into <lispntcs upon the sul 

Jcet, wc will set forth the matter as it appears in the pages of Mr. Listel 

[Clarendon him$4>lf knew but tcMt well the .'ilip|K.-rino.ss of his iiosttiue 

r'The confidence the King had in him," he says, " besides the a»i'4\ira.\\« 

lie hod of his integrif;- atn\ industry, I'roccedcd ujotc tiutaVvvb wwwsvi' 



ISO 



Lister's Life of Cbtrendou. 



[Aug. 



I 



be troubled with the intricacies of his afl'airs, than from any violence of 
afTectiou^ whicli was not so fixed iu liis naturu as to be like tu transport 
him to any one person }" and that, however serviceable he might render 
himBelf, he innst not depend upon a continuatice of the King'd favour. 
Others wiglit nlway.s ^ain credit with him by huding fault with what was 
done, "it being one of liis Majesty's greatest infirmities that he vvaa apt 
to think too well of men at the first or second sight." (Lister, II. 84.) 
Lender such a. sovereign it is to be wondered that a man of piety and virtue 
maintained his ])ost so long rather than that he fell at last. 

The temper of the people was soured. The nation had been viaitH by 
the plague, the nietropoUs destroyed by fire, and the shore insulted by 
the Hect of a victorious enemy. 

"The enthusiastic loyalty of I SCO," remarks Mr. Lister, "had gra- 
dually subsided, and had been succeeded by apathy or disgust. 'I'he name 
of ' courtier' became again unpalatable to the electors; and frequently 
was Cromwell commended for 'the brave things he did' and the resjjcct 
he inspired in neighbouring princes, and wsis contrasted with Charles now 
bo fallen from ' the love and good liking of his peoj)lc,' ' that it is a 
miracle,' s.iys Pepys, ' what way a man could devise to lose so much in so 
little time.' The sins of the court were denounced from the pulpit, and 
even a royalist, like Kvelyn, could tell an official friend, like Pepys, ' that 
wise men do prepare to remove abrnjid « hat they have, for that we must 
be ruined, our case being jiast relief; the kingdom so much tu debt, and 
the King minding nothing but lust.' " — (II. 385.) 

In this state of things it was determined that some one must be 
tlKcd upon as a scapegoat, and both court and |H:oplc turned towards Cla- 
rendon. 

"On Clarendon . . . was poured the odium of every measure and 
•vent, uhich, whether justly imputable to him or not, the public at that 
moment regarded as a grievance. The war, which he had originally op- 
posed, — the division of the flL'ct, which he had not snggcstcd, — and even 
the want of royal issue, which he could not have foreseen (the Queen hav- 
ing recently miscarried), were nil laid to his charge. Ohl topics of com- 
plaint were revived by the pressure of a calamity with which those topics 
had no connexion : and in the midst of the panic and rage of the pupu- 
Ihcc, at the alarming news that the Dutch were at Cravescnd, they broke 
the windows of Clarendon's house and painted a gibbet on his gate, accom- 
panied with this rude rhyme : — 

' Three sight* to !n) seen, 

Dunkirk, Taagicrs, and a barren Qiiccn.' '* — (!I. 3%6.) 

Clarendon might h.ive laughed all these ebullitions of popnbr feeling ' 
scorn if he had been protected by the head of the state, but at co»»rt 
,was even more obno>inus than amongst the people. 

Not oidy was his |Hisitioii greatly weakened by the retirement uf Ni- 

cholns nnd the death of Southampton, the Lord Treasiiret, both of whom 

had been succeeded by men whose opinions upon party iincstions were 

frc'iuently opposed to tbc«c of Clarendon, but there were others, nud, un- 

I fortunately, even iu Charles's court, luure innnrntial pcrnortii, whu were 

[Cbn'udon's avowed enemies — tlie King's {irulligntc associates uf both 

Uexes. 

"Tlw; C4)mtuauding tuhitls and acknuwledged services tif the Cliaii* 
aufeti by the mug'ic qS old aumocintioiui, Riid Charles's iiatuts of dc- 



LUter'a Life of Ctaremhn. 

ference to a well-cstablisbcd asrendancy. lia«I long been the only circ 
stances nbicb ^avc to tlie minister n potent voice in tlie councils of 
King." (11.31)1.) 

The King's deference to Clarendon, »vhil»t it seemed to cement 
power, served to inuke the minister " too little mindfiil that they no 
longer stooii on the nncient Uw>Xw^ of pupil and of master, and that the 
Restoration, thoujfh it also added to his own impottance, had destroyed 
for ever that proximity which youth and broken fortunes harl jirodueed." 
(11.3'Jl.) Clarendon wiui apt to be somewhat Uh) o|>en in bis reproof 
of Charles's inattention and imraoralitj', " too {)eremptory in his demands 
upon his time." 

" Circuujstances like these affordeil a handle for those intriernera who 
MWght to lessen the influcnee of Clarendon, aitd who artfully wrought 
u|>on that feeling so common among weak men — the fear of seeming to be 
govrmed. ' If the King,' said Clarendon, ' would go sucli a journey, 
or do such a trivial thing to-morrow, etomel)ody would lay a wnger that 
he would not do it) and when he waa asked why, it was answered, that 

tbe Cliancellor would not let him.' The aid of ridicule was alao 

summoned to undermine an influence of wiiich the King waa tbn» made 
jealous and ash.imed. The wits of the Court (and foremobt among them, 
Buckinirham and Killigrew, the former of whom was a political rival) 
made the absent Chancellor a frequent subject of their mirth in the King's 
presence. Mimicry w:is successfully employed ; and they ventured, for 
tlie amusement of Charles and Lady Castlcmaine, upon the broad buf- 
foonery of exhibiting the mimic Chancellor with belluws and fire-shovel 
carried tx'fore him, like the purse and mace; a jest which was perhaps 

heightened by some ostentation on the part of Clarendon These 

atlack.s hud weakeneil the inHuence of the Chancellor and made his sway 
9eem irksome to the King ; when his suspecte<i opposition to Charles's 
pleasured.*' in effecting a marriage between Miss Stewart and the Duke 
of Richmond, with a view to prevent Charles from procuring a divorce and 



itrt^ 



marrying that lady himself, " filled full the measure of royal rcsentmeni 
(H, :WA ) 

"Clarendon had also a powerful enemy in the King's implacable a< 
imperious mistress. Lady Castlemainc knew that he had systematically 
ende<avoiired to counteract her influence — that he had op|>u8eit her admi:)- 
sion to the post of Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen, and the etevti- 
iian of her husband to the Earldom of Castlemainc. He had sto])pcd 
grants made to her by the Kingj and, though her f.ither was among the 
oldest friends of Clarendon, and the first cousin of his first wife, he would 
show her no courtesy but such as w.os unavoidable, and would not aUow 
hi» wife to visit her. He had avowed and justified this conduct in an 
interview with the King, in which he told him, ' that as it would reflect 
ujion his M,'»jc8ty himself If his Chancellor was known or thought to be 
of dissolute and debauched ma/iners, which would make him as incapable 
as uow'<»rthy to do him service ; so it would be a blemish and taint upon 
Itim to give any countenance, or to pay more than ordinary courtesy and 
unavoidable civilities, to persous infamous for any rice, for which by the 
laws of God and man they ought to be odious, and tu be exposed to the 
judgment of the church and state ; and that he would not for his onn sake 
and for his own dignity, to how low a condition siK'vcr he might be reduced, 
Ht04>p to such n condescension as to liave the least comiu^tcc ox \m Y(i«^<A 
tlio ;' -Ion of a visit to any such person, for aiv^ ViCuelKl ov a.A\"A\A.\v^"a 
th^ii hring to h'm. He did btscccL Uia Maiest-y uoX. Vo Xx^v:.^ 
Uxftr. i^J.io. Vol. X, H 



^■1 



^ 



^e^^ 



12? 



Lister's Life qf Claretidon. 



[Aug. 



I 



b 



* 



tlmt he liutli a prerogative to ideclait! vice virtue, or to qualify any person 
M'ho lives in a niit niifi avuns it. ngaitist wliirh Cuxl liiniRolf liatli prononnced 
daninatiun, for tlic company and conversation of innocent ami worthy |>er- 
sons ; and that viliatevcr l«»w ol)cdience, wliicli uas in tnitli gross flatlfr\', 
some people iniglit pay to wiiat tlicy btlieied would lie i^ratefnl to liift 
IMajcsly. tliey liad in their hearts a perfeut detestation of tlie persons they 
made address to ; and that for his part he was long resolved that his wife 
should not be one of those courtiers, and that he would himself uhioIi less 
like her comp)any, if she put herself into theirs who had not the same 
Jnnorencc.'" (11.304 — G.) 

\Vhilst Clarendon stood thus surronndcd by enemies, and, moreover, 
whilst he was visited with a most ]>rofound aflUctiou in the sudden death 
of his second wife — the mother of nil his children — the King, incite<l 
by Lady Ca^tlemaiue nnd Buckingham, took the first step towards his 
degradation. He sent to inform him that he had had secret information that 
the Parliament intended to impeach hint at their next meeting, and he reconi* 
mended tlitit he kIiouW appease their wrath by an immediate surrender j>f 
the Cireat Seal. Clareiulon expressed confidence in his innocence and 
Integrity, ar.d defied anv such an .-ittack. He sought an interview with the 
King, and demanded what fanlt he had committed ? The King disclaimed 
having any thing to object to him, but advised him to appease the Parlia- 
ment by resignation, which the King said would enable him to preserve 
him, and to provide for the passage of his own buJiiness and the obtaining 
all he desired. Clarendon replied, tliat he would by no mt^iis suffer it to 
be believed that he was willing to deliver up the seal, that he had no 
fear of the justice of Parliament, and that he relied for prcsenation u|K>n 
his own innocence rather than upon the protection of his Majesty. The 
interview pleased neither party, and was rendered esjioeially uupropitious 
at its close by some uncointierlikc allusions made by Clarendon to Lady 
t!astlemaine. Both parties separated in ill humour ; a strong endeavour 
to bring about a reconciliation was afterwards made by some of Claren- 
don's frietids. and " tlie business seemed ti> cool/' until Castlemaine 
" nearly luclorcd the King out of his wits," and induced him to send a 
warrant for the seal oji the 30th .'Kugust Kifi?- 

'J'his was the opening of the tragedy. On the 10th Octolwr the Piir- 
liamrnt met, and in the King's Bpeech credit was taken for the recent 
change in the administration, and a hoi>o expressed that it nunhl Iw a 
foundation for a greater confidence Ix'tween the King and the Pailiament. 
The hint was «'agerly received by the Commons ; thanks were returned for 
the dismissal, nnd tiic King, in his reply, pledged himsvlf never to employ 
Ciarendou again. 'I'hc nevt Kl<'p was to inipeaeh hint ; a conimittee <»f 
intpiiry re|H>rted seventeen heads of accusation, but the takmg the 
proofs wah neg;itived. nnd no trensim eoidd be discovered in any of the 
alleged charges. Ultimately, Lord \''aughan moved an aildition to the six- 
teenth article, which w;is then dcel.ired to amount to the rle«ire<l oH'cuce ; 
and a general impraehmeni of treason, in conformity with the eajies of 
JStraffoni nnd Laurl, and without specifying particidars, wan preferred 
'against him. The l/onlx were then reipn-stcd to commit him to custody. 
l)ut declined to do so, willumt first Iteing saliifu'd a% to the nature of the 

litarticnlar ehnrgr. The CoaimoiiH tonU this determination in high dudgeon. 

I I'hey voted the condoet of the I^ords " an oti>truetii<n tii public jn.'<tiee,' 
»;>d a scrioiin routest between the IlousPfi neemrd prmlini;. »t a time when 
buHi'ness vf thr jindori inUri] i- ■ >ii 

f/wf .7 s/ap to tills fhiU' of f hi 



18.-J80 



Lister's Life of Clarendan- 



dttccd by messages from the King to wlrhdraw from the country, au ni 
tJiktng tK-irifi: pivcji him that he shouM not aftorwardfi bo prosccutidiT 
sufTi-i' (lurirti; his absence in honour or in furlnric. lie left iK'hind liitii a 
written vindication or reply to the pretended char;;es against liini, addressed 
to the Ix>rds, whicii ssia treated vvitli the utnio»l contempt, voted to be a 
libel, and ordered to be burned by tliu hangtuiui — " a childish substitute 
for refutation not uncommon in that century.' The Parliauient further 
Aignificd their unjust aversion to hiui by passing an act by which, uilhout 
even a shadow of proof of his guilt, he was bunislied for life, and i-tu-j 
dcrvd incapable of ])ardi)n without the concurrence of Pailiamcnt. j^H 

Pcisecutcd ; deprived, for a long time, by the mandate of Charles^Bfj 
th« ttuciety of his children \ by the saiuc mandate driven from pLice to 
place ; in sickness, and in any thing but wealth, Clarendon passed seven 
year& of exile in the most persevering literary industry ; and, after com- 
pleting his masterly nndication of the ungrateful Stuarts, died, at i^oiicti, 
on the nth December 1674, in the C."»th year of his age. He rests in 
Westminster Abbey without a monumcut, and even without au inscription 
to mark the place of his interment. 

Mr. Lbtcr deserves great commendation for the mode in wliich he has 
treated this noble subject. He has dj-lineated the character, judged (he 
conduct, and estimated the works of C'larendon freely, and, in tlie main, 
fnirlv. ^\'c verily believe he has endeavoured lo write iiji[iartially, and wc 
think that, with some few exceptions, he has succeeded. J lie Mork is 
deficient in bibliographical information respecting the writings of Claren- 
don, and tlure arc some repetitions and passjigcs not intimately coimectcd 
viilh the main subject, the omission of which would have mucli improved 
it J but the.>se arc companitively trifling drawbacks, and sc^ircely detract 
|H.*rceptibly from the value of what we consider a nmst acceptable addition 
to our historical and biographical literature. )\'e should like to have seen 
the character of Clarendon- in the hands of some one who would have laid 
greater stress upon his affection for the Church of England ; but Mr. histcr 
writes respectfully, although not warmly, upon tliat su[)ject — he rather 
touches than culcj-s upon it. U'itbout directly mcntinning the ungenerous 
attack upon Clarendon's character made by the late Lord Dover — au attack 
quite as unworthy of the talents as of the taste uf that lamented nobleman 
— Mr. Lister has made his book a most triumphant refutation of it. \\\ 
the slanders of gossips and newsmongers vatiisli into air upon the approach 
of the daylight which Hows from historical investigation when fairly 
conducted. 

The third volume of Mr. Lister's work consists of original papers, pre- 
viously, with one or two exceptions, inedited. They .ire priix-ipally derived 
frum the Clarendon papers in the Bodleian (the history of which Air. fjistcr 
>hould have given), and llic greater number of I hem relate to the transac- 
tions between Holland nntl Great BriL-iin subsnpient to the Restoration, 
III these it »p|»cars how averse t'larcndon was from the tnifortunatc DutcU 
War, and how he sought to curb the indiscreet violence of Downing, tha 
Eugli.<)h ambassador at the Hague, 'riicre are also some imporUmt letter^ 
rclutiog to the King's marrisigc und one (\>hieh however has been pubJ 
lt«hed before) respecting the appointment of Lady Castleiaainc lo thd 
Qin'cn's BrdchamF>cr, the writing of which is one of the grcitest ble^ 
rai'hes upon the conduct of Charles. There is only one way uf accounting 
for n letter so ilircctly in up|>ositioii lo Charles's urdiuut^ cVwi4,\A«i\. \3\ 
llie whole, the book 2/*> oQv Acartiest couitucuUaVwu. 



^j^ 



mtm 



Ofi.\s \^^ 



lU 



[Aug. 



THE LATE MR. COLERIDGE, THE POET. 



AT one time I drove Coleridge in 
an open carriage to Canibriilgi-. Wc 
slept at Biiritingfortl, and i^ometliing 
ibrotigkt tu hiw miud bis enliating intu 
[the army, lie .said tiuthtng uf his dif- 
[iiculty in riding, nor do 1 suppose he 
[vu a bad horseman, as he at another 
told me of a visit he made to, I 
link, Mr. Pollen, in l^sex, who 
lounted him on a handsome horse 
id rode out with him. Mr. Pollen, 
man of fortune and a familiar 
friend, remarked on Coleridge's shabby 
Irefs, and jokingly said, his character 
fouhl suffer by having a visitor with 
such a sorry wardrobe. " Uh," said 
"iJoleridge, " never mind mc ; say I 
ra your servant." "Servant!" re- 
plied Mr. Pollen — "To keep a?.ervant 
Ircssed as you are would totally ruin 
ly character ; — ray servant must al- 
rays be better drcwscd than I am." 
Phc only complaint Colcridpc made of 
embarrassment in the light-horse, 
ras the difficulty he found in pulling 
tie hairs out of his horse's heels : that 
^e never could accompliiih ; and some 
»f his fellow soldiers, whose kindness 
him he spoke of with much feeling, 
d it for hiro. A small Cirei-k book 
^c was reading was discovered in the 
llohterti of his saddle, and that led to 
diticlosurc of who he wob. Steps 
vere then taken for his discharge; 
id now he did no duty ; but the men 
icd pleased, and treated him with 
rent respect ; lilt the fame of his 
tuation spreading, and he w^.is noticed 
persons in the neighbourhood, par- 
ularly by Mr. Claggct, whose daugh- 
tr, a handsome girl, walked about 
rm in arm with him, when he thought 
lie soldiers eyed him with some dc- 
ree uf envy. 
At Cambridge he fell much pleasure 
going about and recognising old 
pqualntnnce among the townspeople. 
le told nic many occurri'nces, must uf 
rhich I now forget; for I never at- 
iplcd to draw from him gossipy 
sriej. He described to mc the scrape 
got into by «(iplBuding Mr, I'Vend 
I making Uh defence in the grand 
iol befnrr the h<'!n1«! "f hod^es, I 

pnm- 

. icular 

9er, ■■ I hat the fjcof ncrc tcvneed 



of their allowance." The pamphlet 
was censured as being against the 
t'liurch, and scditiou.^. At some pas- 
sage of .Mr. Frend's speech in his de- 
fence in the public Hall, Coleridge 
applauded, by clapjiing his hands ; 
there was an inataut cry to bring the 
ofTendcr before the tribunal ; Uic pro- 
per officer inquired, searched, and 
seized a wrong person, though Cole- 
ridge said he well knew the right one, 
took the person before the judges, 
when it appeared he had lost one hand 
and had an iron hook in its stead. 
The discovery of this raised such a 
laugh, that the affair pa'ised off. Dut 
I suppose this and other such oc- 
currences led to Coleridge's n-tiicmeut 
from the University, and the ruin of 
his prospects ; events which should 
teach young men at college not to be 
rashly vain of making discoveries wheu 
they have penetrated only skin deep. 
Throughout the remainder of bis life, 
Coleridge seemed to struggle in jubti. 
lication of himself against his Cam- 
bridge fate. lie was frequently reading^ ' 
theological works and German meta- 
physics, and was often lost in abstract 
reasoning about religion, tic perused 
such books in all languages, and pus- 
bCBsed a prodigious power of reading 
rapidly, and becoming permanently 
master of what he read. Such things 
as the Morning Post and money never 
settled upon his wind. 

Mr. Gillman in his book has de- 
scribed the circumstances attending 
Coleridge's enlisting into the lighU 
horse. At that time in London, alone, 
penniless, he sent a poem of a few 
lines to Mr. i'erry of the Morning 
Chronicle, soliciting the loan uf 
guinea for adintrcssL-d author. PerryJ 
who was generous with h\^ ninnejr|< 
sent it. and ( .1 .i.Iti. ..n. n ..>..r.>irinc 
this, when 1 ' wi 

&lludc<l to, 1 , dc< 

gratittide proportionul to lUc *ever»l 
ilistreM which tliat small sunk at lb#, 
moment relievetl, 

I have t.ixeil my memory to rfitcfttpr 
on whi'.' '^ could nr ■ • 

ridge 1. ' If on o-rt 

or waa mi: . ' 

have been 
lu hia letter 01 June 1011, ue •{h-ak 



1838.] 



Anecdotes of Mr. Coleridgt, the Pofl. 



125 



of the nnt Society of the Friends of 

the Peopli-. I knew notliin^ of that 

f»ocicty, and had forgotten it ever ex- 

pbtrd. It c ' ' ♦>(: with reference 

{to it I WH I to cotnniuDicatc 

ffctiy thiou ij I'll, lux, who died in 

IHOIi. The '■ Friends ot'the IVople." 

liated for l*arlinmentary Reforra^of 

Mr. loow Kail) Grey ■was the 

jiiiioiiini (i in tlie spring of 17l>-'i. 

tAnding that it would 

^ . and it never did again 

et. 1 had very lilcely told C'ole- 

Mdgc tliat the uoRibera of the othcr 

•Dcielics, whose co-opcrulion it so- 

I licited, were much exaggerated. Several 

>bonk« with a printed derlarulion in 

I Ikvour of Parliamentary Reform, and 

with many blank leaves annexed, I, by 

[desire of the Society, gave to Thomas 

jliardy, the Secretary to the London 

Corresponding Society, then keeping n 

ttaker's shop at the east end of 

iilly, that he might circulate 

through his divijsions to obtain 

'•ignaturea in favour of Parliamentary 

rm. lie did so ; hut very few 

un-s were procured. The Friends 

Pci>ple con»iste<l of some peers, 

aany moiid>ein of the House of Com- 

Imons, and about 130 other geatlenten 

.of equal station. The London Corre- 

• •ponding Society consisted of mecba- 

'bici*. labourcrB, porters, coal -heaver.*, 

[*ud perHons of tliat class, divided into 

|-club« in various parts of the town, 

[ftnd corresponding with other such 

iclubs in various parts of Uritain. I 

fhuvc heard Joseph Gerald, the accom- 

Slished scholar, the favourite pupil of 
kKtor Parr, describe his visits and 
lliarangnes to those clubi; in 1793. 
Hardy, in a letter to the Statesman 
|>aper, about twenty years ago, 
L's the rise of those clubs in the 
'the year 1791. about the time of 
^tfac kppearance of Paiue's " Rights of 
Man." At that time the society began 
llrith only seventeen members; but 
flh'-y >M}««ted of, and their principles 
»: ! •^'•ertion, Uiatthcy 

of thousands alt 
r members of 

I P^fty were 

L ftimiTiCNi, aiju tin"imu Im.y could guidc 

"' is popular riiMunotion frum errors 

Im^'i---'- - M— -,^e 

of wkjch MMii Grey itm tJie chief. 




The present Duke of Bedford, Mr. 
Sheridan, Mr. Tierncy, Mr. Erskir 
Mr. Whitbread, &c. &c. were men 
bers ; but Mr. Fox, and his friend 
Fitzpatrick, St. John, Hare, the the 
Ouke of Bedford. Karl of Derby, 
&c. never joined the Society. Mr. Fo 
disapproved of it, as playing into Pitt'S 
hanils favourably for him with the 
Alarmists, — the Duke of Portlanti 
Earls Spencer and Fitzwilliam, Mcssr 
Burke, Windham, &c. The Whig 
divided into three parties; the Parlia 
raentary Reformers, the Alarmists, at 
the Middlemen — the Foxitcs — whfl 
as Mr. Fox said iu debate, stood in tl 
gap. But the London Correspondit 
Society, while it accepted the count 
nance and protection of the Friend 
of the People, never intended to 
gnidcd by them. It was with them, i 
Home Tookc said : " I have no ok 
jcction to travel in the same stage 
coach with one going only to BrenC 
ford, though 1 may be going to Wintf 
sor." After the acquittal of Hard] 
Horne Tooke, &c. of high treason, 
met in the Strand the secretary of a 
political society at Coventry, with 
which the Friends of the People were 

in correspondence. lie exclaimed,— 

" How fortunate it was that Mn^^| 
Hardy made away with the drawd^| 
under her husband's cutting-board in 
his shop window, when the police 
oihcers arrested htm, and immediatcll 
conducted him into the back parlour ! 
In that drawer were letters and paper 
that would have ruined all : amoe 
others, a letter from this secretarj 
asserting that 200 in Coventry wcf 
already enrolled and pledged to tal 
up arms speedily for the recovery 
the people's long- lost rights. In faclj 
the Friends of the People did not gui<j 
ur control those corresponding socii 
tics, though they laboured to do sd 
and thought they did. Of these tliini 
i talked at various times with Cole4 
ridge, shewing how few of the Cor 
Bpondiug Society joined the Friend 
of the People ; and out of these coi 
verbations, 1 8up|>ose, arose the asscr 
tion that Mr. Stuart, a knowing pcrj 
son, told Foxof tlir lies of the Friendl 
ofthc People about their numbers. 

Again : — During three years at tl 
time of the overthrow of (Wut\Qi,\A 
the Courier, by SltccVi mbVc Tn»sv« _ 
meat, «gld ftUiftdtl^f u^inuOa o^ %^]^ 



i, 
itth^^ 





Anecdotes of Mr, Coleridge, the Poet. 
flalterv 



[Aug. 



I 
I 

I 



* 



Has 
I Mr. 

B to I 

■ the 



per day ; during one fortnight it sold 
upwards nf lo.OOJ daily. Il is there- 
fore probable at the time Coleridge 
wrote for it in 1811, it sold /OOO. This, 
I suppose, he confounded with the 
IVIorning Post, which never sold more 
than 45U0 ; but Coleridge's own pub- 
lished letters show lie never rendered 
any services to the Courier. Out of 
such a jumble of error and confusion, 
mistakes, it eccius, are to go down as 
histor)'. 

I have no doubt Coleridge thought 
his writings bad been a leading cause 
of the prosperity of the Morning Post, 
notwithstanding his denial of this in 
Ills letters to mc previously to the 
Literary Biography. It is sometimes 
difficult to say what it is that occasions 
the success of particular enterprise!, 
and it is common for every one who 
has assisted to claim pre-eminent merit. 
I couitl mention .several others who 
put forth such claims. Sir James 
Mackintosh never did ; but my own 
brother Peter and others did for him, 
though witli less reason even than for 
Coleridge. Some day I may make a 
statement on that point; which, if I 
do, jtwill^bc curious, intcrrsting, and 
honourable to Sir James. Coleridge 
had a defective memory from want of 
interest in common things, as his let- 
ter about Wordsworth and the SO/. 
shows. At the distance of twelve or 
fourteen years he might think he had 
made the fortune of the Morning Post. 
Such an assertion was an answer to 
those who accused him of having 
wasted his time, and it laid a foun- 
dation for a claim on Ministers for an 
appointment, which he afterwards so- 
licited. 

A morning paper, I find with regret, 
has rc-publidhcd from your Magazine, 
Mr. Urban, some of Coleridge's letters 
to me. and introduces the last with 
the pregnant remark, " tliat it is full 
extravagance and shrewdness, — of 
us and judgment." That letter 

ys, 1 by my writings in the news- 
papers renderrd as much service to the 
nation as the Duke of Wellington. I 
well undei stood the passage, and 
placed the same character upon it 
which every reader will ]i!ace who 
reads the irholr of the letter. 'I'be 
•• shrewdness " nlluilid to by the 
JounialmX may refer to Coleridge's rc- 
fuesf fvr tidy pound*, bit prepantory 



to extravagance, and to mv 
weakness in so often complying with 
such requests. liut there mioht be a 
deeper design in Coleridge's mind, 
which the journalist might have guess- 
ed at from the circumstances 1 had 
published. Coleridge nii'dilatcd au 
application to Government for an ap- 
pointment ; and his claims roust have 
been irresistible if 1 had rendered as 
much public .service as the }}ukc of 
Wellington; he himself, Coleridge, hav- 
ing rendered all those services, I having 
been only his publisher. He made the 
fortunes of the Morning Post and Cou- 
rier, and in praising me, he was but 
praising himself. In his Literary Bio- 
graphy he comjilains of the neglect of 
Cioveriimcnt. If 1 was a* great a 
public benefactor as the Duke of Wel- 
lington, Coleridge was a greater, and 
the neglect of his services by Ministers 
was highly criminal. 

Coleridge was easily moved to resist 
oppression. It was he who brought 
the affair of the Beauty of Buttermcrc 
into notice. He sent to mc a long 
account of it. on which, it being rather 
a private domestic story, I placed no 
value. It filled upworda of three 
columns in black letter, (that is, tech- 
nically, not leaded,) and on a hungry 
day I placed it in the back page, as 
mere stuffing. It produced uo ulTect 
on the paper ; but the story worked 
its way through society, it was so 
romantic and interesting. Many old 
bachelors were deeply in love with 
the unfortunate girl from Coleridge's 
description of her; and some fj^aux 
pitHsea whom I could name, men of 
eminence and fortune, pointed to the 
Lakes to become her champions. Cole- 
ridge took a deep and an active inte- 
rest in the affair. He read all the 
letters and papers of HatQeld, by which 
it appeared a greater villain never 
existed. In the South of Kngland be 
had (ravelled about under false names 
(assuming those of noblemen), in a 
handsome chariot with a servant in 
splendid liver)', and hud insinuated 
himself into the confidence of several 
respectable families, where, by religi- 
ous musings, !>' i.t .>•',<,,. -i...! , — 1,,.„ 
he had won t 
the r ijiak'i. I 

m(i' I ri. — I 

onii " :thBa| 

wa« worae ibau'ihurtvUor Ir'iinnticrDjr,] 



1839 J 



Anecdotes of Mr. Coleridge, the Poet. 



127 



«r 



Had tti« Beaut V b^rn n linswoman of 

(• ■ . ■ ■ ■ . M not linve taken a 

I. in her fate than 

f liiij -. iin[j i>ut 1/1 thn exposure of 

ilivotc families, ho would have given 

account of IlalficUI'shasenesa which 

luld liavc shocketl and astonished 

»c world. 

Ahoiit twenty or thirty years ago, 
tli^ridge came to me, agitated, to 
mplain of the cruel treatment of 
c Jones. Jones had been bred to 
he medical profession ; he was a man 
education, an elegant writer, and 
an eloquent speaker; a leader of the 
Jower class of politicians, then called 
Jacobins, now called Liberals. Jones 
had got into n scrape, and was impri- 
|-toned in the Cotdbathfields prison for 
■ libel. Some of the weekly papers 
Itrnied with the most horrible accounts 
of Lirt treatment. Dungeons, chains, 
loriure. (logging, lashing, fitashing, 
•tarviiig ; there wa^s nothing the mind 
rruild invent of cruelty tiiat was not 
practised on poor Gale Jones. Cole- 
ridge came to me and said thid was 
nuiit atrocious. If the accounts were 
true, the government should be in- 
iurmed and attacked ; if false, the 
IhUeliood should be exposed and con- 
derniied. " What's to bf doner Some 
ahuuldgoand investigate," "Well, 
go. if vou will go with roe." He 
d'. Off we set for the Coldbath- 
Ids priion, told Adkins the gaoler 
we were, that we wished to see 
the prison ; but said nothing of Culc 
Jones. Adkins readily complied with 
our reiiuest. and appointed a man to go 
ri>und with us. We wore well satis- 
fied witli w)iat we saw. Last of all 
Wr inipiired if there was not a person 
caIIviI Gale Jones in cu-strely .' " Oh, 
ycsl" " Wc wish to see him." Wi? 
were aikherrd up into the room, wliere 
be was sitting, the best rnum the gover- 
nor had, a« good n room as the draw- 
ing-room of any nhopkceper's house; 
¥ri*n rurnidhed, carpeted; flowers in 
' ws ; the sun shining in ; no 

. of bars or a prison. 1 
I doubt Gale Jone> had n<) such 
me. well-furuii-luvt, th.-i^rful, 
'" I'tison, Hut, 
iiut had (>e<'n 
u- :■' Mill-, of the ill- 
lary Rich, a little un- 
i.u.. u.ri ia this prison J untl \n 
s, Mr. MainwHriug, M. IK for 



ionec 



Middlesex, said she was better oflf 
there than at home. Upon this sprang 
up all the seditious uproar of the Mid 
dlesex elections, which for seve 
years inflamed the metropolis and tei 
rified the kingdom. Hut Gale Jon 
was certainly better lodged than ever 
he had been at home. ^Ye took seats, 
told him who we were, and the object 
of our visit. Wc put questions 
him. He said he was as well treat 
as any man could be, that he had no 
thing to complain of, and that the 
accounts in the newspapers were 
falsehoods. Wc returned to the Goa- 
rier office, and I wrote a long account — 
three columns — of this investigatio 
which was published in the C'ourid 
The day after, came the Rev. M 
Thirlwall, of Mile End, one of t 
visiting justices of the prison, in exta- 
sips of delight. I thought he would 
have kissed us all, so charmed was he 
that the justices who had charge of 
the prison were thus rescued from the 
calumnies long heaped upon them. 
He re-published in a pamphlet, with 
some additions, the account in the 
Courier. 1 searched to find a copy of 
this pjimplilel to send it to Mr, GilU 
m.-in, but without success. 

Uponanotheroccasion, I forget what, 
Coleridge exposed in conversation some 
improper part in the Duke of York 'a 
conduct. I wrote an article or essay 
on the subject in the Courier. Two 
or three papers were allowed to go oft" 
early, every day, to the government 
offices. About four o'clock up came 
•an alarming message from the Trea- 
sury, that if tli.it paragraph went for 
the ministry would be ruined ! 
cancelled :i'>0O sheets and expunged i 
and I made Street promise to acco 
of no pecuniary remuneration for ao 
considerable a loss, that it might no; 
be said wc had done this to ext 
money. The paper at that time 
supposed to be so much under mini 
tcrial direction, that certain high pei 
sonages would not have believed tf 
paragraph was not sent designedly 
minintcrs tn tlte paper for a crouki 
purpose. 

Early in ISI1 Coleridge had som? 
private business willi mc. I called on 
him at f'harlea Lamb's cliatnbers ii 
the Temple, and we aiVymvne^ 
tavern, wlicrc we ^tt\Vic(\ onct \\\« 
i>f the day. 'n^erv: vJOis aV \\\aX 



er 
ts. 
>ct 

he ' 

■re 

a- 

i 



m 



m^jtum 



m 




Chatterton, and Bailey's Dictionary. 



[July. 



¥ 



dispute in Parliament about the con- 
dittons on which the Prince of Wales 
should accept till- Rrgeiiry, and it haJ 
been authoritatively, nslentationsly, 
gravely boasted, that the Uoyal Bro- 
thers haJ met, anil had all agreed it 
should be a Regency without restric- 
tions. Coleridge [lolnted out that this 
waa a most unconstitutional interfer- 
ence : that the constitution knew no. 
thing of an assembly of princes to 
overawe the legislature. I wrote an 
orliclr to this effect in the Courier, 
referred to the Germanic constitution, 
and censured the attempt to establish 
"a (!oi.i.8aB ofFuiNCEB" in Kngland. 
The Duke of Sussex took this up in 
high dudgeon, and made a long angry 
speech in the House of Lords on the 
subject. He thought evidently that 
the article waa a ministerial manifesto 
from the cabinet in Downing-street ; 
little knowing that it was only a 
tavern concoclion, of which ministers 
knew nothing. 

At this time a struggle was going 
on, whether the Regent should be a 
Whig or a Tory, and important letters 
were passing between his Royal High- 
ness and Mr. Perceval. i\t midnight 
George Spurrett, the porter, who slept 
in the Courier Office, waa knocked 
up ; a splendid carriage and splendid 
liveries at the door ; a portly elegant 
man, elegantly dressed, wrapped up in 
acloak, presented himself and inquired 
for M r. Stuart ; for, as 1 was abused 
in Uio ncwspnprrs as the conductor of 
the Courier, the merit of which be- 
longed wholly to Mr, Street, I was 
the person inquired for by strangers. 
George said Mr. Stuart lived out of 
town ; but Mr. Street, the editor, re- 
sided on the Adclphi Terrace. A 
packet was delivered to George, and 
he was enjoined to give it speedily to 
Mr. Street, as it was of great import- 
ance. This was a copy of the corre- 
spondence between the Prince of Wales 
and Mr. Perceval. To be sure of ita 
being genuine, Mr. Street went imme- 
diately to Mr. Perceval to inquire? 
On seeing it, Mr. Perceval started back, 
and eiclairne<l. " This is dune to ruin 
me will) the Prince ! If it appGors in 
the Courier, nothing will pcrMiodo 
him I did not TMjhIiEh it AS an apjieal 
to the ) iiist him I It must 

net he fiv " No !" caid Mr. 

"' ft; •• it /« a very good article for 



the paper!" Mr. Perceval explained 
and entreated ; Mr. Street still remark- 
ing. It is a very good nrtirle for thp 
(mper, and what will partner Sluait 
sny if he hears of my suppressing it } 
" Well,"' said Mr. Perceval, who held 
it fast. " some news shall be sent to 
you as an equivalent." Accordingly 
a copy of the official despatch of the 
taking of the island of Bandy, in tiie 
Ka.st Indies, was sent the same day. 
and was published in the Courier, be- 
fore it appeared in the London Ga/ette. 
1 knew nothing of this till the evening ; 
when I dined with Street at Kilburn. 
where we had a hearty laugh at these 
occurrences. 0. Stvakt. 



Mr. Ubb.\n, 



Trtreife, Corn- 
wall, Jan. 35. 

MANY years ago I addressed a let- 
ter to your Magazine, in which I at- 
tempted to shew that the argument 
against Cliattertnn's bi-'ing the real 
author of the poems ascribed by him 
to Rowley, from the impossibility of 
such a youth being master of the 
Saxon tongue, has really no force, 
since it is evident that be turned his 
modern English into old by the help 
of a glossary. I am aware that this 
argument was not a new one ; but it 
appeared to me that I had made the 
remork more obviously true by shew- 
ing, that, if a person had a glossary at 
the bottom of the page, there was 
scarcely a line which he might nut 
readily read off without hesitation 
into modern Knglish ; the number of 
syllables and the accent on them in 
the adopted Saxon word exactly cor- 
responding with the modern word, 
which had been displaced. He did 
not t/tink in Saxon : he was not a 
master of that language. He worked 
wonders, but not impos!<ibilities. 

My attention has been lately drawn 
to the subject by the Life of (.halterlon, 
lately published by Mr. Dix ; in which 
a particular passage has attracted my 
attention, and led mc to a search, the 
result of which is curious and in- 
teresting. 

Mr. nil quotes from a work by 
Mr. Gardner, published \a 1708, tba 
following passage : — 

" J hmnl hi,u "'• -■■-'--' - - '^Wfm 
that it u<)i» rr irte 

k«tl studied QHi a, ^ - aftf 

qf booMt uhieA kf eoulU »Mm», ta eofip I Air 




Chaitfrton, and Bailey's Dkttuaary. 



I 



»fy/c of our auriml ptteln jw e.rartly mat 

" 'initld tiot be 

Ut, not Mr. 
U«y>-' «• All iiien- 

litmimij ''iiiki, ithiv/i 

VMM tu I t/ie hurntd 

world.' 

1 never snw Mr. Ganlncr'a book, 
aiid ir I linil I waR nut then so oc- 
rjuatnted with iho mortis of Bailey's 
Oirtiofinry as l<i lie imluced to look 
into it. Mr. Gardncr'a liook did not 
attract my attention, as the title of it 
did not imply that it had any reference 
to Chatterton. 

The passage above quoted led me to 
reftr to Baitcy. 1 knew that Bailey 
ii» full yf explanations of heraldic terms, 
and at first I referred only to Ihcm ; 
l>ut Ima)j;ine my surprise when I dis- 
covered that Bniley had evidently been 
the source from whicli Chatterton had 
taken the word^ of which I subjoin a 
\nl. Observe. I refer to the expres- 
sions which are to be found in the 
tjuotations from Cliattcrton's writings, 
which are exhibited in Mr. Dix'a 
pages. These bring proof enough 
wil)iout waiting for an edition of 
Chatterton's poems, which are not at 
present within my reach. It is sufli- 
cient for mc to give the hint to some 
future editor of his works, who may 
induced to complete the search, 
in his glossary to mark the words 
to he found in Bailey with his initial. 
How curious is the discovery that the 
account ol' the burning of the spire of 
SI. Mary's Church, of which the 
learnml Bryant asserted there was no 
record till a publication of William of 
Woicesler's work in 1778, was known 
to Chatterton from an engraving which 
• bung in the parlour of a friend, and 
~ "iich wtti published in 174(i. Tlie 
try print is now in existence. I 
know not whether Mr. Dii is the (irst 
recorder of the circumstance. Now 
with ri^spect to Bailey. Mark the as^ 
HOciatiun of ideas, the connecting 
thoiiKht in Chatterton's mind while 
»peakiiig to Mr, (iardner. He men- 
lions Mr. Walpolc. and his power to 
drerive hy the help of Bailey, in the 
Ii. [n April 1 7C9 lie writes 

r. Walpole. (see Letter 6th, 
I ..... ,^^j 1^^ ^^^ 

I Mg research 

'Miiiiiii;.! flz/iUN/rtg^gravify, 
I. ir I wiatuke not, was 
v.,,., .V. 



im 



used by Occleve, Gnwer, and Lydgate 
n the same sense na by Rowley, and 
tlie modern ' gloomy ' scemH but a re 
finenient of the old word. Glumrainj 
in Anglo-Saxon is the twilight.' 
After refrrring to the terms in heraldry 
in which Rnilfy abounds, and which 
evidently had been sources of infor- 
mation to Chatterton, the first word; 
which I referred to- was this " Glom 
ming," and there 1 found an explana- 
tion of the learned and solemn informa- 
tion, which the young Bard so 
pleasantly conveys to Mr. Walpole, 
Gloomy (says Bailey), of Glomung, 
Sax. the twilight, dusky, dark, cloudy. 
Imagine the glitter of Chatterton 'a eye 
while solemnly penning thi.s letter 
about King Alfred, Abbot John, &c. 
Plca.=ied with my success in this word, 
I pursued the enquiry, of which I sub- 
join the result, requesting you to ob- 
serve that my examination refers only 
to such passages as are quoted, and 
they are very few, in Mr. Dix's me- 
moir. Chatterton had borrowed of 
Mr. Barrett, Skinner's Entyniologicon, 
and Benson's Saxon Vocabulary. My 
sole object at present is Bailey, perhaps 
Chatterton's first book, being a com- 
mon school dictionary, and containing 
in the introduction a Saxon Alphabet. 
This is a particular circumstance, and 
it is not improbable that the Saxon 
alphabet and Lord's Prayer were Chat- 
terton's first introduction to the know- 
ledge of old words, and perliaps con- 
tributed to his turn for reading. My 
eilition is that of l"-*?- 

While writing, as above, Chalmers' 
edition of the PoeU has been put into 
my hands, published in the year 1810. 
In the preface is the following passage : 
" Kven Bailey's Dictionary has been 
proved to have afforded him many of 
those words, which the advocates for 
Rowley thought could be known only 
to a writer of his pretended age." 
'l*his passage does not induce me to 
throw aside my obecrvations. It shews 
that I have not discovered anew mine, 
hut am only digging in an old one ; 
but at the same time I may l)e throw- 
ing up some ore which has not been 
found before. I would call the reader's 
attention to what I have observed oi 
Chatterton's letter to Walpole : but 
let me proceed w»\.UC\\fc.\uveTa. \w\vi 
second page , noVw"vlV^sta.tvA\w^\v\%TiQ^A«^ 
of Bailey in K\a \>tctac«, xWv \%, >»& 



II 



rfuHiM 






i 



ISO 



Chattetton, and Bailey's Dictionarij. 



[Aug. 



life of Chatterton. he gives a long note 
from Mr. Tyrwhitt on the word " cftlk- 
ed." in which Mr. Tyrwhitt shews that 
Chntterton had mistaken Skinner and 
used "calked" for "cast out," in- 
^_ stead of " calculated " or " cast up." 
^B if Mr. Tyrwhitt bad looked in Bailey 
^H he would have found the very word 
^H with the meaning given to it by Chat- 
^rterton. "Calked, cast up or out." 
The line is inChatterton's first eclogue 
"calked from evrych joy." In the 
second eclogue Mr. C. gives a very 
long and elaborate note from Dean 
Mills, who refers to Olai IWHii Lexi- 
con SHeO'Crothic, for the meaning of 
the word grow, and thence to shew 
that it meant ijroimd, solum, and that 
the "Gronfer" wa.s not an ignis 
fataus, for which Chatterton intended 
it, but an earttujuake with volcanic 
eruptions. O shade of Scriblerus ! 
surely thou art hovering over my pen, 
when I refer to Bailey's Dictionary to 
the word " gronna," n bog or quag- 
niire> For the word bevel or " hevyle," 
^^ Tyrwhitt (as quoted by Chalmers) 
^H refers to Kersey. Tlie word is ex- 
^f plained in Bailey. " The olakied form 
' of kind." Chalmers derives the ex- 
pression from Olakie. to open : in Bailey 
the real derivation may be seen," olake," 
naked. " Rode," meaning complexion, 
is in Bailey. " Aljeste," according to 
Rowley, humbled or bronght down ; 
BO quotes Cliftimers ; ay 1 and so 
says Bailey, but the latter spells it 
" abessed." But now let us proceed 
to the tournament. Here Mr. Chal- 
mers gives a long note (1 believe from 
Bryant) on the word " adventnyle," 
absolutely eagrossing three quarters 
of a page. Du Cange, Skinner, (rawin 

IDougUiJs, Rymcr, Warton — ore ail 
quoted relative to a word, which Chat- 
terton found in Bailey. Poor Chat- 
terton is accused of inserting the <i 
ignoranlly. tie found it exactly so 
apelt in Bailey. " Gutte de songuc." 
Chalmers gives the explanation of 
these words \ '" "an 

heraldic alius ' . lus 

of that age." ihev aiL' vchmhiiii in 
Bailey. To the word " bodykin " 

»ChAlacn aulijoinB the fon ■•••■•- • note. 
"TUa (Unuoutive was r \ a» 

• m«re tVMigiyat of iu < >> 

Dean MilUa MldaoW G< 
I'his oath canoot Im n-c 
tteaoe." No J but BvUy wiji fxpUin 



for us " bodykin, a little boy." Chat, 
terton personifies Content in the form of 
achild. " Agroted " (in j-Ella) Chal- 
merfe says " Uy. sick, quasi mgroted, 
or agreated." The note is put without 
a name, therefore 1 take it as being 
made by Chalmers, liefer to Bailey, 
" Agroted," " surfeited," here used as 
"oppressed." The following line is 
evidently misunderstood, indeed not 
comprehended. 

" Sbappe fuullic thos hnthc snatciicd 
him away." — jElln. 

Chalmers adds as a note, " shappe, 
Qy. hap :" (My education near St. 
John's College, Cambridge, makes the 
remark that this is indeed a hnp-hazard 
conjecture irresistible..! Look in Bai- 
ley, and there you find " nlmp," fate, 
destiny; and the line, which is other- 
wise unintelligible, is clear: 

" Fttte fuully thns halh soAtehrd him 
nway ;" 

and poor Chatterton Is rescued from a 
sad mis-hap. 

We now come to a uote that is rich 
indeed. Sec Chalmers' Poets, vol. xv. 
p. 412. I would intreat you, Mr. Ur- 
ban, for the amusement of your read- 
ers, to quote it at length. Chatter- 
ton is describing the robe of llo|>e, 
and he says that the Sun, and Sum- 
mer, and May appear depicted ou its 
skirt as she is sweeping through the 
sky : 

" Depyete trith shy lied bomlo upon her 
wide aumere." 

Now for the note of a page and half, 
but which I must abridge, by Tyrwhitt, 
who says the word does not occur in 
any of our ancient poet* except in 
Chaucer's Homaunt of tiie Rose. v. 
2271. A long passage is here quoted, 
and Skinner is referred to, who, says 
Tyrwhitt, probably did not think of 
consulting the original Roman de la 
Rose, ami supposes "aumere" to fa« 
bomething InMonging to gloves, and so 
at a venture expounded it a " frinf^e or 
border." Tyrv ' Miat 

" aumere" wn -• ; 

hut Dean Milhv on 

i* treated witli .<i» 

a "girdle." — '- .».<.,..... »..,.., nf 
Hxcter ! in the well-stored library of 

vmir (-:it1ii't!i r<t I liiij vnn f^(. rr.iw of 

lid 

_.-'.,. . ' . _ . ■ 'If- 

<kr/' And (he dMcripiion of Hope with 



h 



1838.] 



ChallertM, and Bailee's Dklionary, 



I. 



I 



th« skirt of Iier robe swceptag through 
the sky (and oot with her gloves on), 
b complete. 

In the next pag;e " fonnitt" is noted 
as a word of unknown origin. Bailey 
t«lls you that " Ibnncs" are devices, 
and that to " fonne" is to be foolish. 
[■|.n!ir.i-fr.n uses it in this sense. I 
w . a quory : — Is not " fun" 

di-- i i.jin this word? — Manca, a 
Saxon roto, is found in Bailey. Chal- 
ment notes "aftcrte" as unintelligible ; 
Chattertoa interprets it "neglected." 
Bailey gives " astert" to k-t gu ; and 
in this sense Chattertoa uses it. " Ai- 
mer." a beggar, unintelligible and con- 
trary to analogy, says the note in Chal- 
mers. Not at all so : Chattcrton 
forms aim-er from alma, as palm-cr 
is from palm. 

" Oloromcd : A person of some 
note in the literary world is of opi- 
nion that glom and glum arc modern 
cant words ; and from this circum- 
stance doubts the authenticity uf Row- 
ley's manuscripts. Glommontj in the 
Sajion signifies twilight ; and the 
modern word 'gloomy' is from Saxon 
orisin." This is the note by CLalrocra ; 
I luoted from Chattcrton — 

oi iiTton's fonnes. Sec Bailey. 

"Aluhte:" Mr. Bryant and Mr. 
Tyrwhitt agree that this woid has been 
~ by R mistake of Chatterlon's for 
tc: 

" And on him laie the racer's lakewamt 
corse. 
That Alured could not hrmsclf <i/v«'e." 

Chattcrton. in more than one instance, 
blB coined wortls by affixing a letter 
or a ayllable, or rather lias made new 
Coins ap|>ear nld by addition of a little 
rust. In Bailey wc find " litsf ;" a 
ship is said when it Iean.«, to have a 
"lust" to one side or other; and 1 
vrnture to conjecture that Chnttcrtnn 
formed the word to signify that the 
knight could not aluat himiclf; that 
is. could not move to one side or the 
other. His struggles to get clear would 
exactly resemble a ship lustimj. Here 
Chntterton makev a verb from a sub- 
vc root: sometimes he did re- 
in Bailey he found " be- 
fttuikc," to betray ; from which he 
formed br»loikcr (see ^lilla). a be- 
iraypt. 'I-, '• ' •. 

tertnn. Bail 
MUnC« I CoUiij Huu inADy wluuo Io 



m^^g^^ 




my present list, but these arc sul 
cient. 

When t took up my pen 1 had not 
seen Chalmers's edition ; and when i^M 
referred to it, by the rccoromendatio^^f 
of a friend, and perused in his pror^™ 
face the reference to Bailey, I imagiued 
that my obsersations had been antici-i 
pated, and any remarks of mine would 
be uitelesB. nay, ridiculous. ImaginI 
my surprise in finding io an edition 
of Chatterton'a poems, prefaced bj 
such an ackuowledgment of his ac 
quaintancc with Bailey ; — an edition 
which, from its nature, does not admit 
of any extraneous matter which thi 
editor does not deem to be of essentia 
consequence; — imagine, I repeat, mj 
surprise, in finding the notes on " Ad- 
ventayle" and " Aumerc." I began 
with Mr. Dix's book, and instead of. 
being stopped in my course by Chal- 
mers, I shall proceed under the idcfl 
that 1 may be in some instances turn- 
ing up new ground ; or, at least, if 
Mr. Uix or any other person (C 
Southey ! have you time r — I knoi 
you Lave will for the task,) should 
publish a new edition of Chatter-^ 
ton's poems, that he may lind the 
ground better sifted than it had been 
before. 

Now, then, in Chatterton's first and 
acknowledged production, the openin| 
of the Old Bridge, there is only on« 
word of antiquity, which is nut to 
found in Bailey. 

Alb, caldcrmen, dight, chaprronJ 
(the escutcheon on the foreheads ol 
horses,) as given exactly by Chattcr- 
ton, citrialc, guitar, anlacc, forloyncaj 
Cungcan is the only word not to b« 
found in Bailey. 

In the Romauntc of the Knight, we 
have rounce, dribblet, astert, morgiaie, 
bwyth, merk, enchafed, din or dyu^l 
fuir, wote. All in Bailey. 

In bis letter to Walpole on the Ryse| 
of Pcynctingc, his own uudoubted in. 
voDtiou — (.k't us drop the word /<jrgerw} 
— hateful word ! we do not talk oi 
Walpole's/orj/inyOtranto) — in this let- 
ter we have auntlers, (I suspect auntei 
in Mr. Dix's book to be a misprint,)] 
iohyld, kystc, blac, wark, paramcntt, 
raaint, slc-ar. forslagcn, foigard, em-^ 
moise. All these in Bailey. 

VVc find in the same book, verl, »em* 
blable, ncdvr*, ncmvLiUcv^^^iW^**^ 



ChatterloH, and Buileif's Dkllonai'y. 



[Aug. 



I 



¥ 



I 






quaint (skilful), bcment, i'ibible,6wotc, 
vernage. 

Now let us refer to Kcca Bishop of 
HercforJ, " a gooiic poet whom I 
(Chalterlon in person of Rowlic) thus 
Knglyshc." Here we have faylours, 
mecs, nedcrs, levin, shcpster, besprcn- 
ged, ujcrk, immcngcd. 

Aflcr this, in verses by Abbot John, 
whom Ruwiie thus Englyshith, we 
have forwyned, bcnient, unsclincss, 
and veruage. All in Uailey. 

Last of nil, let nie give Challcrlon's 
letter to his fiicnd William Smith be- 
fore he had quitted Mr. l^ambert's 
oflace. See Uix's Life, p. 214. 

" Infallible Doctor, — Let lliis Jipoln- 
giio for long silence •. your request would 
have been long sinee granted, but I know 
not what it is best to compose, a Lcnde- 
c«8yll«bon carnu-n bexastichon. ocdustieb, 
tctnunrtrum, or septennHritis'. Vou must 
know that 1 have been long troubled with 
a poetical eepbaloplionia ; for 1 notiooner 
begiu an acrostic, but 1 wonder into a 
threnodia. The poem roiis thus : The 
first line iin aenUtlertns ; the second an 
uti»lngin of the first ; the third an aryro- 
logitt ; llie fourth \\\\ epanalepsis of the 
third; fiflli.adiapytosLsof beauty : sixth, 
a ttiaporesis of snccess ; seventh, a brachy 
i-utuli-eton ; eighth, aii ccphonesit of c.\- 
jdeiis. In short, an enpynion eonid not 
contain a gn-aler syneliy^iiit of such ac- 
cidents without syxigia. I am resolved 
to forsake the I'arnnssi««n Mount, and 
would advise you to do so too. and attain 
the mystery of composing smrgnin. Think 
not I make a mystcrisnnis in mentioning 
smegma. No I my Miieiiio!<yne will let mo 
see (nnless ] bave an amblyopin) your 
great services, which shall be always re- 
membered by 

"Fla*«iot Eychaoritt."* 

No, Chattcrlon ! there i» no mys- 
terismus in thy mentioning smcgmn, 
for thou didst find it, and fourteen uul 
of seventeen of these hard words, in 
Bailey's Dictionary! 

I have a conception that I can trace 
in the same book the origin of thy 
pseudo-name Rowley. No such name 
19 found in the Annals of Bristol, nor 
has any one attempted to trace the 
origin of it. By any other name his 
poems would have smelt as sweet ; 
but It may be curiuu« tu truce the pio- 

• •«•'-- •• '•■'■" '■••'- -'-nbt, 

\» " ' TT, 

in •■ ' Iter's 

inm two iituim an cvauiuod. tvn. 



babic cause of his choosing. I'he truth 
of my conjecture cannot ever be veri- 
fied. True; and therefore il maybe 
said that the inquiry is idle and vain; 
but when wc have seen what use he 
made of Bailey's Dictionary a^ a glos- 
sary, it may not be uninteresting to 
trace from the same source not only 
the dress of his poetry but the title of 
it. We know t'liatterlon's fondness 
for theold-Kng1i»h character, and that 
his eye was likely to Im; attracted by 
it. There is no doubt that Bailey's 
Dictionary was a source of instruction 
and amusement to him generally, in- 
dependent of hi<> particular aim in 
referring to it. It is not improbable 
that Bailey's Dictionary first gave him 
the idea of disguise, before he borrowed 
Chaucer and other helps, as wc know 
he did. But to the point : in Bailey's 
Dictionary, the thirteenth edition, pub- 
lished in n^H, the edition then in use 
when Chatterfon was a boy, at the 
top of one particular column (each 
page is divided into two columns) is a 
proverb in the olil-lMtglish character, 
and it is the only cultimn in the whole 
book which is so hradod. It caught 
my eye, as 1 have no doubt it did the 
eye of C^hatlcrton, who was induced 
to peruse the whole of the column, as 
it contains the history of Rowcna the 
daughter of Ilengist the Saxon. It is 
under tlie letters RO, and at the 
bottom of the page is a humorous 
story why King Charles was nick- 
named Rowley. 'J'hc particular reason 
tor the name was not unlikely to fix 
itself on Chattcrton's memory, and 
was pcrhn]is associated in hi« mind 
with the piuverb itself at the top of the 
page, the purport of which corrc- 
bpoudcd with the scheme tlieu in his 
mind, viz. "To look one way and row 
anollicr ;" i. e. to prnctisc a disguise. 
Ilis mother's friend, Mrs. Edkins, 
seems familiarly to have called his 
parchments his " oltl I' ' " nid 
Chatlerton perhaps smi lly 

when he heartl her usetlu ^-y, --.on, 
and when the nickname and all iti» 
a»«nciationM were thus recalled to bis 
recollection. 

Oocc more let me rrn. nt tKit I 
know not how far I an i>a 

beaten ground. If Ch; uld 

publish such notes in 1*>I<J, anrt'ly 
Bailcv has been rather hinted nt than 
i-xamiucd. Here I give fiufflcicat guid> 



1838.] 



Chatterloii, and Bailiy's Dictionary. 



139 



I 



t. if not iostruclion, lo any future 
Ilor. i do not i^rctenJ to do more. 
How is it possible for any one to 
doubt that Chatterton was tlic autiior 
of llie poeras? He was a wonderful 
liov. Wc are by such researches only 
exAininiiig the composition and struc- 
ture of the winps on which he raised 
bimself. He mounted high in air, but 
nut by au|iernatural mean.i. It h 
pftinlul to look back on the language 
vs'hich was used towards him. and I 
niiiy say which a still used. Mr. 
L'lialnieri. breaking of his fatal end. 
^s, " lie might wish lo seal \m secret 
{ih bis itcath. He knew that he and 
How ley were suspected to be the same, 
&c. He might be struck with horror 
at the thought of a public detection." 
Detection ! what a word ! Detected 
(ifrcmaining for a longtime the " Great 
Unknown '." I really believe, poor 
feiluw ! that he hod heard the words 
forgery, detection, impostor, &c. so 
oftcD used, that his mind twcamc 
oppressed. Instead of applause he 
found reproach, instead of fame dis- 

5 race, instead of riches want of bread. 
lis mind was overwhelmed, his heart 
Kank ; he became mad. He waslook- 
ingforlhe momentwhcn, amidst bursts 
of applause, he might tear off the veil 
aod make himself knotrtt. That mo- 
ment never came. Nay, he lost all 
hope of its ever coming ; for he beard 
of nothing but impostor and forger. 
Well might he exclaim, as he did in 
bitterness, " Who wrote Otranto t" 
I will not say that Walpolc deserved 
all the blame which has been heaped 
upon him, hut forgery was a sari word 
in his mouth, and with such an infer- 
cucc as he accompanied it — cruel. 
When Chatterton b«gan to write, he 
thought of Otranto and its fame ; but 
the words forgers-, imposture, detec- 
tion were so common in his car, that 
he b«gan to dread discovery, and of 
being; coDvictcd of a crime ; and he has 
bren by too many spoken of as a cri- 
minal even in his grave. Justice, how- 
ever, is being done to his memory. 
The above observations and extracts 
have been made to add weight to the 
incontestible evidence that Chat- 
ton and Kowlcy arc the same pcr- 
Tioa, and lo shew the tools with which 
ho worked. Surely they arc not su- 
p«rfluoa»« wbca we see the last editor 



of hia works (I believe there is not a 
later than Chalmers) quoting Dean 
Millcs a.<< a commentator. 

It is reported that the inhabitants of 
Bristol are preparing lo creel a monu- 
ment to the memory of their I'oet ; 
and 1 regret to learn that the most 
appropriate spot, that is, the ])lacc ou 
the hill where he used to recline and 
gaze at the spire of St. Mary RadclifT. 
is destroyed by a railway. Some other 
spot which he was wont to frequent, 
and in sight of the spire, may be 
found, aud if within the usual prome- 
nade of the citizens of Bristol so much 
the better. 

I am glad to sec a picture of Chat- 
terton in Mr. Dix's book, and may at 
a future day make some remarks on 
it. Mention has i'recjuently been made 
of the wonderful boy's eyes, of their 
great brilliancy, and that one was 
brighter than the other ; but no one 
has recorded the particular circum- 
stance, that one was so much biightcr 
than the other as to ajtpear larger. 
The fact was well authenticated to rac. 
Their colour was grey, and it has been 
observed that Chatterton is the only 
poet who gives n beauty grey eyes. 
The peculiarity of one eye appearing, 
from its ijliti<>rin(j (such was the ex- 
pression of niy informant), larger than 
the other, is also recorded of Lord; 
Byron. 

Bristowans ! Chatterton was for a ' 
time, alas ! alas for him ! your Un- 
knpwn. 

I remain^ Mr. Urban, your constant 
reader, C. V. Le Guice. 

P.S. Permit mc to ask whether the , 
house where Mrs. Angel resided, and' 
where Chatterton died, in Brook- 
street, Holborn, can be now pointed! 
out ? The story of his remains being { 
re- interred at Bristol is perfectly ab- 
surd. His remains were deposited iaj 
a pit which admitted of many bodies, 
prepared for those who died in the 
workhouse of St. Andrew's, Holborn. 
The admittance for the corpse was bj 
a door, like a horizontal cellar door.; 
So it was pointed out to me man] 
years ago. I wished to stand on hii 
grave, the precise spot. " That, 
the sexton, " cannot be marked. 



wi'-^'wz -iie-. 



I 



134 



Sarpi and the Con^hracjf of Venice, 



iAug. 



Fra-Paolo Sarpi. 



* 



Mr, UltHAN, Cork, June 8. 

NOTWITHSTANDING the Indus- 
try and research bcotowed by British 
writers on the life and sentiments of 
this memorable personage, some par- 
ticulars, in direct and influential con- 
nexion with his political conduct, as 
well as scientific fame, and not foreign 
either to European history or English 
letters, have. I conceive, been over- 
looked, or inadequately, if not errone- 
ously, represented in the delineation 
of his character. Believing, therefore, 
that these circumfttances arc of suffi- 
cient moment to be acceptable to your 
readers, 1 solicit from your Avonted in- 
dulgence a short space for the obserAa- 
tions which they may sug^e^t. These 
regard, 1. The share attributed to this 
celebrated monk, in the conspiracy r^f 
the Spaniards atjainxl {'mice in I6l8 ; 
and 2. his claim to the ditcovery of the 
circulation of (he blood, * 

One of the occurrences to which ita 
association with our drama, aa well as 



with continental literature, has impart- 
ed a degree of interest far superior to 
whal its narrow sphere oflocal operation 
or intrinsic importance could entitle it, 
is the alleged plot to overthrow the 
government of Venice, entered into by 
the Spanish ambassador to that state, 
Don Alfonso de la Queva, Marciuis of 
Bedemai', in conjunction witn the 
Duke of Oasuna (Pedro Giran, or 
rather Acuna y Pacheco. according to 
Saint-Simon, M^moires, tom.19. p. 14, 
ed. 1830;, the renowned Viceroy of 
Naples, and Don Petlro <le 'ioledo, 
Marquis of Villa-Franca, Governor of 
Milan ; three noblemen pre-eminent in 
that age for ability and entcrprizc. 
The narrative has enriched France with 
a work — " La Conjuration des Espag- 
nols contrc Venise en 1618." by the 
Abbe dc Saint-Real — unsurpassed by 
any historical essay in her language— 
not inferior, perhaps, to the master 
productionsof Sallust — and the avowed 
source of our Otway's Venice Prt' 
ttrwd.f That the plot, aa related in 



• A 'recent biogmphv of the learned Servile, (" Biografia di Fra-Pnolo Sarpi, par A. 
B'lAnclii Gioviui. Zurich, 183(3." 2 vols. 8vo.j has been reviewed in the London and 
Westminster Rcvicn', No. (fO, with gre/tt ubility, though certainly with partial leul ; 
but neither the Spanish Cnn«pir»cy, nor tUe prior claim of Servetus to the iliscover)- of 
the circulation of the blnod, are uoticf il in the article, otherwiise elaborately minute and 
critical. The title of the work of Jlf, A. tie T>omini>i, cited by tbc Reviewer, at p. 1-17, 
1 would observe, i» " De Republicfk Ecclftiaificd," not CArittiand (^I vol*, fol, Lond. 
KilT — IG'.'ll) ; and the letter in which Fnt- Paolo Ia stated to have ootuplanicd that 
this arclibi«liup had printed his History u( the Council of Trent without his consent, 
could nut have been dated iu Nov. IGO.'), for that celebrated |)roductiQn woii nut 
publiKheil until ten ycnr« after. Tlie three ample folios of De DomiHU have kunk into 
oblivion; but his slender volume, •' Dc Rndiis V'isOs et Lucis," (IGll, 4to,) re- 
mains a proof of his ]>luloi»ophical sagacity. It is still referred to among the 
early monuments of optical discovery, shortly after so much advanced by another 
though mot« constant Jesuit, F. M. Griiaaldi,— to whom we owe the first exposi- 
tion of the phenomena of the inflexion of light, in his book, " Physica-Matheais 
de Lumine," tec. 1663. (See Montucia, lllst. dea Math<'ainticjues, vol. i. p. 703, 
ed. 179;)— 1802, and Sir D. Brewster's Life of Newton, ch. viii.) De Dominis 
was scarcely inferior in IcanuDg to Sarpi himself; both were intimate with Dr. 
Bedel, bishop of Dromorc, as we learn from Burnet's life fvf that prflnte, who 
corrected the work of De Dominis, Dc RepublicA E< .i-d. 

Such name*, with those of L'/fottt, to whom naval le, 

at originator of the grand tnanoeuvre of cutting /Ac em/ny .- .m. ica 

Navnlr*, I7'.'7, folio), arc to much inclclited ; ol Lana, iu no 

deir Arte Maestro" (Brescia, Hj'TO), the first lu.iititil ii< u iit ii»- 

coverable ; of RiccMi, CaiM, L« Sueur, ' •Vc. arc well 

colculntcd to rescue the Jesuits from the '- 1^ n("<truc> 

tion des Jcsuitcs, &c. I'tiT, t^iu' li, 

p. l.'if!), tAat tht order could not reri .i- 

tion " '■ -' •• • '- ■ ■ •■■ *■ i I. Ml of 

Fat by fHf 

loo L 

+ Not unly wna the bngliitii trn: 'ryi *"•* ''»* 

ManttHt VapitoliHUi of Lu Fussi*. tl" > oa an ■ppo' 

\natij dlwimiJflr lulgcct, it cOMtracltU ou tUu couiu uiaiauU. iu i*\1, ^ PJa«c« 



1838.] 



Sarpi and (he 0>tuipiracy 0/ Venict. 



* 



tfa« brilliant pages of the French au- 
thor, ever eiieteil. is more than dubi- 
ous ; for it tfnin on the very tligiil 
ConN-mponiiii ' nrity ni n Icl- 

tpr ficitn a u thpn resident 

at Vftiicc. (iaffij iiio ^'ist of May I6I8, 
and inscrtfd in the Mfrntrp de France 
for tliut year (torn, v, p. 3S) ; and 
nlrndcr indevd are the mnlerials which 
that solituiy original document sup- 
plies for tlie elegant hut frail supei- 
•trurtnre so ingeniously raised on it. 

** Qu* bene M etlinle quAiBTi* diiposto fr- 

rsntvr, 
tj^nga uniil tiaien ■ vera rationr rrpalM." 

LirrYt. lib. il. 643- 
"On c»t f&ch<?," says the editor of 
Saint-Rcal'a Work, (l^aris. 1781), "de 
D« plus trouver qu'une fable oil Ton 
•imoit k voir un cve'uement r^el." 
Nor does any distinct advertence to 
tlia event occur, I apprehend, in any 
native writer, before J. B. Nani pub- 
lt»hed his " Historia della Republica 
Vencla (I67(J, 2 vols. -1 to)," where it is 
fir»t mentioned, lib. ill. p. l.'iG; but 
this woik, though undertaken by de- 
sire of the Senate, and estimable for 
iU general accuracy, exhibits little 
cvidrnre that the secreta of state — the 
mysterious <loings of that body — were 
onreservedly revealed to the chosen 
annalist. Besides, except the first 
l»ar1. fembracing the early periods of 
th« republic, which had originally ap- 
pealed in 1662.) it is posterior in date 
to Saint- Real's narration, published 
in IC74, and of which it consequently 
Could not have formed the ground- 
work. The Spanish historians of that 
Kra arc not more explanatory of the 
transaction, of which, like the English, 
the later writers seem to have derived 
their information almost exclusively 
from the French author, whom Wat- 
•on, or his continuator, (Life of Phi- 
lip III. book v.) implicitly follows, or 
rather transcribes. 



Of a subject so involved in obscu- 
rity, the truth must be of difficult at- 
tainment ; and doubt is the ncccsi^^ary 
result — "Che non men chc savrr, 
dubbiar m'aggrata" — (Danle, Inferno 
xi. 93); but it opened, of course, a 
wide scope for hypothesis and conjec- 
ture. Among those, however, whose 
attention has been mo-st laboriously 
directed to its elucidation. Monsieur 
J. P. Groslcy, a learned advocate of 
Troves Cthe capital of Champagne), 
and equally esteemed as a citizen and 
a writer, was the first who produced 
Fha-P.\olo on the stage, and assign- 
ed to him a prominent part on the 
occasion. In I75G. this gentleman 
published a refutation of Saint- Real's 
story, which, after some controversy, 
and n second journey to Italy for the 
purpose of local investigation, he con- 
siderably enlarged and appended to 
his work, " Obscrvation.<i de deux 
Ctentilahomme.s Suedois sur I'ltalie"* 
(Lond. 1775, 4 vols. I2mo.), under the 
title of" Discussion Historique el Cri- 
tique sur la Conjuration de V'enise." 
His chief guide, as well as induce- 
ment, in undertaking the inquiry, was 
a manuscript, composed of contem- 
poraneous documents, in the- library 
of the Mar(|uis de Paulmy, whose an- 
cestor, Rene d'Argcnson <Voyer de 
Paulmy), had amassed these vouchers, 
while ambassador at Venice, where 
he died in lC53. This precious ma- 
nuscript, as the editor of Saint- Real 
designates it, is now, I believe, in the 
library of the Arsenal at Paris, with 
the general collection of the Marquis's 
books, which, on his death in 1785. 
were bought by the late Cliaries X. 
then Corate d'Artois. A copy is also 
in the Royal Library. 

From this mass of original evidence, 
so viewed at least by M, Grosley, he 
arrived at the conclusion, that the 
conspiracy had no real existence, but 



k 



,lj_ ...,...,. _f T--- v--^ „„j Other English worki, arranged Otway's play for 
tl" same title, " Venise sauviL-c." La Posse's tragedy 

i" '' - -il-i- l^ino. 1747). nnil preferred by Voltaire to Otway's; 

bat bo«h nrr irtfrriiir to their originol in the estimation of Prcnrh critics. A Iran*. 
ktion of Snint.RiMl has, I see, just appeared at Boktoo (U. S.) Addison's opinion 
0/ ' ' or. No. :iy, U worth consulting. 

tree writer, judged it prudcat to let hi» Travels appear 
*i: ' I "odon in place of Paris, lie certainly was not 

■" i> aguin&t .Sarpi. A ///A ^olwoifc-Wft* iVtMi-fiua, 

Uvu :. -. -,. .- , -.;; i,. GrosJey's Travels iu tngjaad Y»ftj\ ^q 

vofot, ihpufb ii# couUJ not apeak the iaoguacv. 



iliMlHi 





Sarpi and the ConRplraey of Venice. 



I 



^ 



was th(! concoction of the fertile brain 
of Sarpi, who persuaded the Senate, 
(of which he was the soul atul orncle. 
and by whom he was "trusted with 
the most important secrets," as Bur- 
net, in his life of Bedel, snys, ever 
since the great contest with Paul V. 
in ]C07.) to magnify into a btate-plot 
an accidental ebullition of discontent 
among some foreign mercenaries, in 
order to remove the Spanish Ambas- 
sador, by imputing it to him.* This 
person, whom Saint- Rial describes as 
" un des plus puissants genics et des 
plus dangereux esprits que I'Espagnc 
ait jamais produits," had long been 
a peculiar object of dread and aver- 
sion to the Republic, whose intrigues 
he detected, and whose policy he op- 
posed, as insidiously hostile to his 
sovereign, Philip III. when lately at 
war with Savoy, and not repelled, he 
conceived, witJi sufficient energy by 
that monarch, one of the feeblest of 
liis race. To Bedemar was attributed, 
at the time, the famous "Squittinio 
della Liberta Vcneta," or Scrutiny into 
the Liberty of Venice (1^ Mirandola, 
11JJ2, 4to.), as to Burke were gene- 
rally ascribed, on their appearance, the 
letters of Junius, because he was 
deemed most capable of the composi- 
tion; and Bedemar alone was sup. 
posed to possess the deep information 
which that volume unfolded on all the 
elements of Venetian government. No 
book had a[)peared so pregnant with 
truth or so virulent in spirit, nor one 
which, consequently, created a more 
dea<lly hatred of the presumed author, 
who laid open the darkest recesses of 
the State ; the overweening pretensions 
of which to maritime sovereignly, li- 
berality of principle, and territorial 
independence, he exposed or derided. 
In Saint-Real's opinion, also, Bedemar 
was the parent of this libel, as he 
tcnns it (page IfiC) ; but it is now 
more generally considered the produc- 
tion of Welserus, of Augsburg, whom 
a long residence at Venice, and other 
paita of Italy, had made a perfect 



[Aug. 



master of the subject BAd language.— ] 
(See Bayle, article Velserua, and Plac- 
cius de iibris anonymis, llamb. 1707). 
A French translation, under the title 
of" Kxamen dc la Liberti- Originniie 
de Venise." by Amelot de la Hous- 
sale, forms part of his work — " Sur 
Ic Gouvcrnemont de Venise" (Amst. 
1714. :JvoIs. 13mo.)j forwhich, incon- 
sequence of its freedom of thought 
and expression, he was committed to 
the Bastille. He had been Secretary 
to the French Ambassiador at Venice, 
where, he states, that nil intercourse, 
more especially after the event of 
1GI8, was most rigidly interdicted be- 
tween the nobles and foreign minis- 
ters, and which he exemplifies by 
some ludicrous instances in bis own 
person. " Si un noble," he says, "sc 
rencontrait quclque part avec un gen- 
tilhomme, ou quelque autre personne 
dc la maison d'unnmbassadcur . . . - 
il ne serait pas en vie deux heures 
apr^s." J. J. Rousseau likewise ad- 
verts to the Squittinio, in his Cuiitmt 
Soridl (denominated by Voltaire, Con- 
trat Imocial), liv. iii. chap. xi. ; and 
Monsieur Barbier also treats of it in 
his " Dictionnaire des Anonvmea" — 
(1824). 

But. whoever was the author of the 
book, the ascription of it to Bedemor 
is at once a presumption of his ca- 
pacity, and declarative of the Senate's 
anxiety to be freed from his obnoxious 
presence. Sarpi's device was effective 
of its purpose ; and the ambassadiir. 
after a residence of eleven years, though 
he indignantly repelled the imputa- 
tion in an audience of the Senate, with 
difficulty escaped the excited rage of 
the populace. His subsequent for- 
tunes were singular enough. In 1622 
he was raised to the purple — then ap- 
pointed Governor of the Netherlands, 
whence he was removed for his seve- 
rity, and was successively Bishop of 
Palrstrina in Italy, and of Malaga in 
Spain, where he died in 1065, aged 
above eighty. The name in Spanish 
ia Bedmar, not Bedemar, as written 



* "Ler^mihat dc evtte discuAiion est qu'il fi'y • aueunc preuvc d'une consptra-1 
t!un .... qtU! le saut«'veinptil qui n ititiinr liru » i'idrc d'une ronnpimtioo, n'etoltl 
«|n'iin mc'contrnfrmrnt snn* obji't An qurl<|«rn Bv«"nl«rifr« ; (|ii(" Is Rt^nMiqnr ellf- 
in. . riient j\ ctt^ I . 

/ .... e)l. 

fie "r ii'-ii<iri Oil '^i.niiuii <ir JiAlcinar, llum 1 11-11 \i>;ii,iiii i.-iiMit »r-« i nil 

oiaoufu%'rcs poUtique»."-~(Pntmi:v to L9 Conjuration df Vcwtw, PorU, I7«l.) 
3 




18380 



Sarpi, and the Conspiracy of Venice, 




b^Sstnt-R^I, whom, however, I have 
folluwed, a? it is to his work 1 more 
pntticularly refer. 

Meanwhile, the governments of 
Ijiain and Venice nppenrt'd alike soli- 
itous to wrap in darkness the whole 
nsaction, of which no official record 
fe« ever been discovered; and the Se- 
Ate issued ft proclamation, prohibit- 
g, under pain of death, the imputa- 
n of the plot to the Spanisli mo- 
chy. It is easy to understand how 
nyitery may have remained un< 
'ed under a despotic state ; but 
e *efrecy which shrouded the deli- 
rations of 80 numerous a body as 
the Senate of Venice has always been 
a source of a«toni&hnient. Consti- 
tuted, in some degree, after the model 
of that of Rome, and reckoning, in 
like maaoer, about 300 members, who 
were divided into various departments 
of legislation, seldom did the object 
or result of their deliberations tran- 
spire, until the Council or Executive 
gave it effect. " Non dicam unum, 
$ed neminem audisse crederes, quod 
tarn multorum auribus fuernt com- 
mi»3um" — (Valerius Maiimus, lib, ii. 
cap. 2), is an observation not inappli- 
cable to the circumstance. And simi- 
larly in Rome, when Euroenes, King 
of Pergamus, disclosed to the Con- 
script Fathers the secret preparations 
of war by Perseus, nothing was known 
of the debate for five years — (U. C. 
580 — 585). " Haec oratio raovit Patres 
Conscriptos : ceterum in prxsentia 
nihil prceterquam fuisae in curia rc- 
gem, scire quisquam poluit ; eo si- 
lentio clausa curia erat ! bello dentquc 
perfecto, qua;que dicta ab rcge. qua'que 
respousa cssent, emanavcrt." — (Livy, 
lib. xlii. cap. U, and De la Houssaie, 
ut supra.) 

M. Grosley, 1 think it right to oh- 
nerve, has also offered a second solu- 
tion of the enig:ma; in which he as> 
cribos the principal agency to another 
celebrated iiiitnk, the Capuchin Pere 
J<j«rph (Lc Clcrc), who subsequently 
become the subtle instrument of Car- 
dinal Richelieu's intrigues. His ob- 
ject, it would seem, was to eicile a 
crusade against the Turks ; but the 
attrmpt was quickly defeated and pu- 
nished by the Venetian Government, 
just then particularly desirous of peace 
•\vnli flif Ottoman power. Count 
1 v«r, at once rcjecls this 

•i ^0. Vol. X. 



version of the occurrence as improb 
bie. His own exposition of it, as de 
tailed in his valuable History of Ve 
nice (7 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1819), after 
the most diligent investigation, to 
which he has devoted his thirty-fir 
book (tome iv.), is equally declarator 
of liedcraar's innocence. The rei 
conspirators, according to this saga^ 
cious writer, were the Duke of Oa 
sunn, and the Senate of Venice, in se^ 
cret league to wrest Naples, of whic 
the ambitious Duke was Viceroy, froi 
Spain ; but the project immaturel] 
exploded, and as these high partie 
were too powcrfnl to assail, even 
suspected, the subordinate agents or 
du|)es were as uaual sacrificed as vic- 
tims of propitiation. In fact, as Mu> 
ralori (Annali d'ltalia, Milano, I7^9t 
ad annum 1GI8) observes, and the re* 
mark is confirmed by the laborious 
compilers of " L'Art de verifier lea 
Dates." (torn. xvii. p. 493, 8vo. ed.),j 
the sole deducible certainty on the oo| 
casion is the execution of several oba 
scure individuals, chiefly foreigners,' 
necessary to impart a semblance and 
colouring of existence to some plot, 
whether the contrivance of Fra- Paolo ■ 
or the enterprise of Ossuna. But ihe^ 
whole still remains an unsolved pro- 
blem, and well may it be said, in re- 
ference to it — 

" De 1m C09BS maa seg^nras. 

La mas segura es dudkr," 

" Solum certum nihil esse certi,"— 
Plin. Uiat. Nat. lib. ii. 7. 

With respect, however, to the part 
assigned to Sarpi in D'Argenson's 
manuscript, though more creditable, 
it must be confessed, to his ingenuity 
than to his morality, it presents no- 
thing inconsistent with his habits and 
general character. Nor does it fall 
under any impeachment of veracity 
from his writings, even if wc admit 
the disclaimer of his friends, as to the 
authorship of the " Memoria Presea- 
tata al Senato," though generally at- 
tributed to him by his contemporaries, 
and translated by the Ahb^ Marsey 
under tlie title of " Le Prinrc de Fra~ 
I'nolo," (Paris, 1751, 12mo.) He 
was not by any means a novice in 
combining or unfolding stale intrigues ; 
and few indeed, in his day or in hia 
country, would, from conscientious 
scrunlus, have recoiled from the act 
T 



I 



i 

4 





Sarpi, and the Compiracy of Venice. 



[Aug. 



I 



oscribpcl to him. To eschew gratui- 
tous evil, was the utmost stretch of 
their politicat morality ; but when 
deemed iieccssory, tlicy were not very 
delicate ia the means of achieving their 
purpose. " Non partirsi dat bene, 
potendo, ma saper entrare nel. male 
necesBitato," says their great oracle 
(Del Principe, p. 41, cd. 1550) ;• and 
this is not the worst maxim of that 
Italian code, which the Great Fre- 
deric undertook to refute, while medi- 
tating the practical illustration of its 
principles. t 

It cannot be too much to assume, 
that Father Paura potjtical doctrine 
was not less ef|Utvocal or more scru- 
pulous than hii^ religious sentiments. 
*' He had," states Hurnet, in his Life 
of Bedel, ivhn hadl intimately known 
him during a residence of eight years, 
as chaplain to Sir Henry Wolton, our 
ambassador at Venice, " He had a par- 
ticular method by which he rather 
quieted than satisfied his conscience." 
Upon whicli, M. Armand de la Cha- 
pclle, the Protestant editor of the Bib- 
uoth^que Raisonnee (tom. xvii. p. 143) 
indignantly exclaims — "Que croirons 
nous done du Pi;rc Paul et du P^re 
Fulgcnce? leur profession ne fut-elle 
qm grimace, et qu' hypocrisie.'" In 
politics, too, we find that he was not 
fastidious in attaining his object, and 
that no instrument of delusion tn ac- 
corapliahing it was unacceptable. Bur- 
net relates that, during the memorable 
collision with Rome, ia 1G(>7, a Jesuit 
published some theses with a dedica- 
tion to the Pope, " Pattlo T. — (Ice 
Dm," the numeral letters of which 
words, as Bedel observed, exactly made 
the number of the beast of the Reve- 
lation (666). This grand discovery 
was exultiiigly communicated by Fra- 
Paolo to the Senate : — " It was enter- 
tainetl," says Burnet, "almost as if 
it came from heaven; and it was pub- 



licly preached over all their territo- 
ries, that there was certain rvidemcr 
that the Poj/c was Antichrist !" That 
Sarpi partook not of the credulity 
which he thus made instrumental in 
inflaming Ibc popular mind, needs 
scarcely be insisted on ; nor would it 
be difficult to adduce similar instances 
of unscrupulous political mauceuvres 
on his part. Granting, also, that his 
patriotism was warmly excited on that 
occasion, it was not, we may easily 
believe, unmingled with personal re- 
sentment against the Roman Court. 
In 1600, he had been refused the see 
ofCaorle, a small island in the Gulf 
of Venice, and in lCO-2, that of Nona, 
a maritime town of Dnlmatia, by Cle- 
ment VHI. though recommended to 
each successively by his government— 
a repeated humiliation, which, work* 
ing on a spirit that was necessarily 
conscious of its own superiority, could 
not have been without influence on 
his feelings. Suspicion of sentiments 
not quite in accord with those of 
Rome, was the cause of the papal re- 
fusal, which, if they did not precede, 
they surely followed. Nor can it be 
denied, that his habitual expression, 

05 wc learn from his biographer and 
disciple, F'ra-Fulgenzio (Vita del Fra- 
Paoli, p. 43. Ven. 1(377). — *'ll futuro, 

6 non si puo apere, o non si pu6 
schifFare," savours of fatalism ; while 
his resolution to prevent the seizure 
and abduction of his person to Rome, 
if attempted, by Ruicide, is little recon- 
cilable to Christian principle, though 
it may sound well in the mouth of a 
Roman. 

" Nous svons en tio« mains la (in de not dcra. 

leurs; 
Et ()Ui vent bien mourtr, pent liraver les mal- 

taenrs."— CorMr</{«, Ilarac ill. S.% 

Friends and foes have, however, 
united in the acknowledgment of bis 



^B is clu 



* " What curious books I hsva," writes Lord Chesterfield to hia son (March 19, 
17S0) — "they are, indeed, but few— shall be at your »er\lce. I have some of the 
Old Collana" (Italian translations of the clxssirs) " anrt the Mochiavel of 15.50. Be- 
ware," his lordship adds, " of the bibliomanie ." and ends, as usual, with the recom- 
mendatjou — j^nptrti — ;^«ipiret. 

t In 1741 was published his " Anti-Machiavel, ou Examen du Prince de Ma- 
chiavfl," one volnmc, 8vo. 

I Another priest, somewhat in discord also with Rome, the Abb^ de Saint-Cyras 
(1. da Verger de Ilnurane), the friend of Janaeaios, and most aealous propagator of 
hia doctrines, witli which be imhnod the Amauida and other inmates of Port-Royal, 
is cliacged with maintaining, that there are no less than thirty-four justjijuig causei 



I 



great tAl«xits and Fx'ratrdinary ac- 
qaircm«nt«, th. -?nt in the 

extreme have i opinions as 

to the use and ajjiijitiaion of these 
tdvaoti^s. His raiiicl un«l memory 
gr*«pf(i, in their most comprvhensive 
range, alt the departments of existing 
science ; but hi* literary taste or dis- 
CTtminfttioii was signally obtuse or 
paradoxical ; for to him Homer ap. 
peared. it is asserted, no better than 
an old chronicler, or at best a mere 
hiMtoriaa ! Of the numerous fruits of 
hia f*n, his Hii^tory of the Council of 
Trent, (Londra, IfilO, folioi neeessarily 
assames, holh from it? subject aud 
execution, the foremost place. It is, 
douhtlr'^s, a masterly production ; but 
" fhat dictates, and the spirit 

t' " s it, harmonise ill, indeed, 

^" .abifoal submission, more 

t : \;eraplified in his last mo- 

jncn^j., tu all the forms of the church, 
which he undermines or assails with 
eoiMumtfiate art, ■while in the exercise 
of h«r most important functions, and 
jo§t then, as Mr. Hallam observes, 
(Const. Hist. vol. i. p. 05S) " effect- 
i0g tnch considerable reforms in her 
discipline." 

Sarpi's dying ejaculation — Esto PrT' 
pftp«, allusive, it is supposed, to Ve- 
nice, has not, as I observed on a 
fomer occasion, (Gent. Mag. for Sep- 
tember 18.^7,i received the ^auction of 
heaven ; for 

and 



Her tltlrtroii i. , done, 

Maks lihcn -■ . .. ...I. . .... rose!" 

Vltitilf t/iiroftt, IV. U, 13. 

or* ia Um clsBsiral strains of hiscoun. 
Uriaan Sannazaro (Elegia in Oper, 
Aid. 15.35. 8vo.) 
" n qoerimiir dto si nostrc dsts (euiport 

Di/RtT- mors »)<ilrnf« niplt : 

Pj4a ttm: -r ; fiitiN ur)r|>iitlliti!t,qrl>e* 

Bl ^UimU iiuii|u< I via »uivrpi l^u ilifl." 

What a contract with the proud and 



palmy days of Venice, which her citi- 
zens vaunted as the special work 
the Most High, "Opus £xcelsi/'ao 
superior to Rome herself! 

" 91 pplapo Tybrini pni'fers, orbeiB aspftf 
utraimiae ; 

Illatn hotiila).-s dievs, hanc posuisse Dmm.**' 
JHfm Simna*. 

As for the second portion of m] 
subject, " the consideration of Fra 
Paolo's pretensions to the discovery 
the circulation of the blood;" or, 
least, iho.se urged by his admirers,] 
though more warmly by the English] 
reviewer even than by the forelgAl 
biographer, it is of cosy decision, be<j 
cause resolvable by clear and unanv*! 
biguous evidence. It will be sufficient] 
to shew that, in a work ocutemp(W| 
rnncouswith Sarpi's birth — one, roore^] 
over, with which, though on ditferenl] 
grounds, all Christendom resounded ' 
on ils publication, — the fact appeared ! 
stated, if not in full and lucid, at least 1 
in intelligible, language. Fra- Paolo 
was born the Uth August 15j2, and i 
a few months at\er, early in 1553, i 
issued from the press, tlie Christia* 
MSMi Restitvtio of the ill-fated j 
ServetDS, in which a passage, that I 
shall presently recite, unequivocally' 
indicates, in the opinion of those most i 
competent to determine its conetruci 
tion, the circulation through the lungs } 
thus evincing the earliest perception of 1 
the truth, or the nearest approach to 
it, before its complete development 
seventy-five years afterwards, (1553— 
1628) "by Harvey, in his work " D« 
mota cordis et sanguinis." But, a4 
the suppression and supposed de- 
struction of the book — at once the 
cause and instrument of the author'^] 
death, for it served to kindle the 
flames to which he was condemned 
for its heterodoxy, — make it most pro. 
bable that the Venetian had no know- 
ledge of his predecessor's incidental 
view, rather than professed exposition 
of the great discovery, fie may be ab- 
solved from the reproach of unfounded 
assumption or plagiarism. Just so 



I 



of STifride ! ?f» BnTl«* ''article St. Cyrsn) statct, grounded, it appears, on the Abb<^'a j 
Uttlt rolamr. Mile, \f. I (>'<)<>, I'imo. ;" but Bayle had not seen tha , 

book, whiel< ms naicrt biu been misrepresented, as alio his " ,\po< 

\ap9 poor >! " ■■' - ' ' • -' •' ■ -i to 

■nHbyceel' vs ia. 

diacrcDAQce v> . .._ .„ . ',-,tMO%J 

h ' frtTHtAnrtiitu, ttomttcb prucd lormwJy by hia BQ«V«n«iiA, U w« ^^vasJ^'i 

iij. ^. 



^^1^ 



iifa 



tbd 



■ HO 



Skrpi, mi the Circulal'um of the Blood. 



[Aug. 



in the coDtroverey oa the inveDtioo of 
fioxions, though, a» FontencIIe ac- 
knowledged, the original discovery was 
due to Newton, yet, as it subsequently 
beamed on the genius of Leibnitz 
without previous rommunication, it 
has been judged the fruit of equal and 
independent, but not simultaneous, 
•agacity in both. Fra-Fujgenzio (Vita 
del Padre Paolo, p. 64, ed. Vcnez. 
1677) says, that Sarpi reflected that 
the blood from its specific gravity 
could not remain suspended and mo- 
tionless in the veins, " scnza che vi 
faase angine che la retinesse e chiu- 
sure, ch' aprendosi 4 riserrandosi, gli 
dassero il flussoe i'equilibrionecessario 
alia vita." 1 shall now transcribe the 
words of Servctus. premising that 
occasional expressions arc found in 
the writers of antiquity, which would 
seem to denote some dark and distant 
glimpses of the truth ; but nothing in 
the remotest degree approaching the 
light thrown on it in the following 
passage, which I extract from De 
Bure'a " Bibliographie Instructive," 
torn. i. p. 421. 

" Vitalis spiritiis in sinislro cordis vcn- 
triculo suuni origineu habct, juvantibus 
maxime pulmonibui ad ipsiut perfectio- 
uem .... Generatar ex faclA in palmone 
commixtioiie inspirati iteris cum elabornto 
«Dbtili san^ne, qaem dexter vtruhiculus 
siiiistro cammunicat. Fit autem com- 
isuniratio biec, nnn per parietem cordis 
mrdium, lit vnlgfi creditur, sed mag^u 
artiAciD a dcxtro cordis veutriculo, longo 
per pulmonea ductu agitator sanguis eub- 
tilis ; k pdlmonibus prtepnratur, flavus 
efficitar, et il venA urtcrioHA in arteri.iin 
Tenosam transfumlitur. DL-mdc in ipsik 
arteriii vcnosA, in!<pirato Heri miscettir, et 
exipiratione k fuligine exjmrgntur, atquc 
itu tiindein a siniKtru cordis ventriculo 
totiim mixtum per diatitolen attrahitur- • 
Quod ita per piiJinones fiat communicatio 
et prcparatio, docet conjunetio varia, ct 
communicatio venie arteriole *;«m nrterisi 
venosA in pulmonibus. Cnnfirmat hoc 
magnitndo insigais vcnte arterio»H, qute 
neo talis nee tanta facta esset, nee tantum 
A cordc ipso vim puris.timi songaiuis in 
pnlmones emitleret, ob sulum eorum iiu- 
Iriuirntum ; nee cor pulinnnilma hftc ra- 
ttnnc serviret, cum pripscrtim aatea in 
erubrionc solcrcnl piilmnneH ipsi nltunde 
•lutriri, tib inrmbraiuilnK jllus, gcu valvulas 

I cordis usinic" ail liorum nativitalem ; ut 
docct Galfnus, &c. Itaque illc sjnri(u« 
a sinistro cordis ventriculo arterias totius 
vorpoiit deinde tnuufaaditar, &Q." 



Upon which the writer of an able 
article on the subject, in Reel's Cyclo- 
piedia, remarks, that it incontestably 
proves that Scr«'etus knew the minor 
circulation. He laid the foundation 
of a building which had baffled all the 
cflforts of antiquity. He indicated the 
route through which the blood passes 
from the right to the leA ventricle; 
and it only remained to be shown that 
all the blood takes this passage, and 
that it returns again to the heart from 
the arteries through the veins. As 
for the claim of Fra-Paolo, this writer 
considers it so destitute of foundation 
as scarcely to be entitled to notice. 
At all events it is demonstrably pos- 
terior to that of Servetus. which it is 
my object to establish. Some further 
advances, intermediately between the 
incipient light of Servctus and the 
conclusive work of Harvey, were made 
by Realdus Columbus, Arantius, Cses- 
alpinus, and the great anatomist 
Aquapendcnte (or Fabricius). This 
last-named physiologist's pretensions 
have been specially insisted on by his 
disciples ; but Fulgenzio stonily con- 
tends that liis views were derived from 
the communications of Sarpi (" del 
padre"} . 

But, though not unconscious of 
having already trespassed too far on 
your indulgence, the celebrity of the 
work of Servctus, to which it has been 
necessary on this occasion to refer, 
and the peculiar interest which con- 
comitant circumstances have commu- 
nicattd to it, induce, and will, I trust, 
excuse, a few addiliunal observations 
on it. 

There does not appear any certainty 
of the existence of more than one copy 
of the book, which, as 1 have said, 
Avas consumed with its author. " Fc- 
mori auctoris alligatus futt, et cum 
ipso combustus," asserts Meerman, 
(Origincs Typographicsc, 1705,) and 
Mr. Pcttigrew (BibliothecaSussexiana, 
p. -JOS,) confirms the fact. This copy 
had been surreptitiously preserved by 
Collardon, one of the judges of Serve- 
tus, and successively parsed through 
the hands of Dr. Meade, M. dc Boze, 
M. Gaignat, and the Duke dc la VaU 
liere, at whose sale, in 1783. it was 
purchased for the Royal Parisian 
Library, not at the priceof381(Hivrcs, 
as represented by Mr. Pcttigrew, (p. 
S92i l«t port,) but for 4180 livres; 



1838.] 



Servctus and Religious Toleration. 



141 



I 



nor had it cost the duke nearly 400 
gvincast as Mr. P. affirrns ; for he 
had bought it at the sale of M. Uaig- 
nat in 1769, (No. 509t for 3810 livrcs, 
or 1&2/. Sf. 1 have the priced cata- 
logue of each sale now before me in 
proof of this statement ; and I may 
alao observe, that Mr. Pettigrew (p. 
448) describes the Sixiinc Bible of 
1590, as pnblishecl, in accordance with 
the decree of the Council of Trent, 
tevtmtftn years before , but that decree, 
establishing the authenticity of the 
Vulgate text, was passed in April 154G 
(Fra-Paolo, Istoria del C'oncilio Tri- 
dentiuo, lib. xi.i or, forty- three years 
antecedently ; and the Council closed 
its sittings in December 15G3, iirenly- 
Mvea years before the Sixtine Bible. 

Servetas, states Mr. I*cttigrew, (part 
2, p. 410) is said to have been up- 
wards of two hours in the fire, " the 
wockI with which it was made being 
greeo. and small in quantity." It was 
ihas that the pagans thought the fires, 
which consumed the piimilivc Chris- 
tians, too mild 1 "to m'p qv avnilt i/n/^- 
p6t> TO re>v cnraBwv docraviauv," (tlui- 
nart Acta Sincera, p. 1(J'20, Ainst. 
1713) ; but, as I have heard the cele- 
brated Dttgenette* (who so nobly re- 
fascd to hasten the death of the jwiti- 
J&(t at Jaffa, the 2 1st May, 1/99) 
remark, the dense smoke of the green 
wood iDu«it have obridgcd, by suffo- 
cation, the victim's sufferings, in place 
of prolonging them. 

Chauffepie's Diclionarj', as Gibbon 
baa observed, gives the best life we 
possess of Servctus ; but he erroneous- 
ly supposes that the passage on the 
circtilatioD of the blood was in the 
work " De TrinitatisErroribus" (Ha- 
geno». 1531) instead of the " Cbris- 
tianibmi Restitutio." The purpose of 
Cbauffepie in that article is to vindi- 
cate the act of Calvin, by proving 
that the persecution of heretics was 
the aniversal and obligatory belief of 
the age, aod that, to the reformers not 
less than to the catholics, they ap- 
peared objects of abomination — " dcs 
monstres & ctouffer," as La Chapelle, 
another zealous Calvinist, expresses it. 
Every reformer of note signified, with 
emulous haste, to Calvin, his approval 
of the execution of Senetus ; nor did 
Melancthon withhold his sanction. la 
his letter of Hth October 1554, he 
■wrote to the great tefonaer^ (of whom 



it may be said — "cu immittor quia 
toleraverat." Tacit. Annal. i. cap, 20), 
"Affirroo etiam vestros magistratua 
jastc fecisse, quod hominem blasphe- 
muiD, re ordine judicata, ioterfeceruot." 
Nor was this the only instance of in* 
tolerance on the part of the mild Me- 
lancthon, whom his colleagues, not- 
withstanding, arraigned of indifference, 
in various publications, " De Indiffe- 
rentismo Melancthonis," (Mosheim, 
vol. iv. p, 388). Even .Servctus when 
under trial, in his petition to the 
Council of Cieneva, acknowledged the 
principle, and only denied the degree 
of punishment, which he limited to 
exile, — " taquclle punitiou a cst^ de 
tout tenqis observ^e contre les herd- 
liqucs." In fact, however otherwise 
variant in doctrine, every sect viewed 
intolerance as a principle, and pcrsecu> 
tioD as a duty. And 

*' Priiua vift sAtutiii, 

ljuud luiuimc rcris, Grnii |uiiiilctur ab urbc." 
Virgil, ^-Eit. VI. Jf7. 

Catholic Maryland presents the first 
example of genuine toleration! "Tbere," 
asserts Mr. Bancroft (History of the 
United States, vol.i,) "religious liberty 
obtained a home, its only home in the 
wide world ;" and the fact is confirmed 
by Judge Marfaiial, in his Life of Wash- 
ington (vol. i. pp. 108 and lC4). 

Calvin's defence of his conduct ia 
intituled " Dclensio Orthodoxae Fidci 
de Sacr4 Trinitatc contra prodigiosos 
errorcs M. Servcti," &c. (Olivse, 1554, 
8vo,) and, with the addition on the 
title iji the French edition, of "Oil il 
est raonstre qu'il est Itcite de punir les 
licrt'tiqucs, ct qu' k bon droit ce mes- 
clianthommca ustc' cxe'cute." (Geneve, 
1.t54.) "lam more deeply scanda- 
lised," says Gibbon, (vol. v. p. 5.38) 
" at the single execution of Servetua 
than at the hecatombsi which blazed at 
the aiito9 da fit of Spain and Portugal. 
A catholic inquisitor yields the same 
obedience which he requires j but Cal- 
vin violated the golden rule of doing 
as he would be done by." And to 
this observation Gibbon, anxious to 
show that the great and churacteristic 
inculcation of the Gospel had been an- 
ticipated by a pagan, subjoins a quota- 
tion from Isocrates of similar import, — 
" 'A naaxnvTft a(f>' irtpav opyi^ttrOf, 
Tavra rnis oXAnif /iij nmtTt" (in Nioclc. 
lorn. i. ]). 93, cd. BaU\c» \1\^) \ \\\X 
the recommeitdatm o{ Ihc ^itt^s^x^i^Vj 



i 



I 



rician became a divine command — a 
condition of saiv&tioD to the followers 
of Christ. 

In 15:i5 and 1541, Servelus revised 
and published at Lyons two editions 
of a Lntin translation of Ptolemy's 
Geographjr. In (he former he says 
that be had seen the King (Francis I.) 
touch several persons for the evil, — 
" Vidi ipse rcgein plurimos hoc Ian- 
gore corrcptos tangentem ; an fuerini 
Wfutti wow rirfi," but in the later edi- 
tion he is more courtlVf and differently 
expresses the result " pUrosque tanatas 
passim audio." An article on Pales- 
tine in this work, rather at variance 
with the scriptural representation of 



the Hoiy Land, coastitated one of the 
charges against him. He asserted 
that it was a literal copy of an anlcrior 
edition printed at Basil in 1525, 
when he was a mere boy (probably 
not above fourteen years old) : anU 
the volume, how in my po3s«snoH, placM 
the fact beyond contradiction ,• but aa 
he could not directly produce the book, 
his defence availed liim not. Copies 
of his own publicaiion were also em- 
ployed to inflame- his funeral pile ; bat 
not to their entire destruction (with 
one exception) , as with the Chrittiani*- 
mi Reatitulio, before mentioned. 

Yours, &c. J. R. 



I 



Ancient Bril Turrett of thp Churches nf St. Pciet and St. Nicholas, 
at Biddeslon, filKi. 



BY the favour of Mr. Walker wc 
are enabled to embellish our pnges 
with views of two singular turrets at- 
tached to the above churches, and 
which form part of the embellishments 
of his able illustration of the mansion 
of the Longs at South Wraxball, re- 
viewed iu the present Magazine, page 
IGO. Mr. Walker's description of the 
turiets is as follows : — 

" It will be seen that that of St. Ni- 
cholas Is, in point of style, much older 
than that of St, Peter's, which Litter 
comes Under tbe denomination of /'erj/m- 
dicutar EMt/lixh ; while the former, from 
the striug course under the spire, down- 
wards, is decidedly Norman. The one 
seems to hnve been copied from tlie other; 
and, most probably, the ori^pnal design 
was executed on the old church of St. 
Teter's, which must have l>een pulled 
down, anil has thus hvvu ted. 

Wiietber this was the (>ri:' > of 

the bell turret in Suoati be 

a carious iminiry, and nor ,,tt>. 

rest. Id pi, xxxii. of the r m.iIc 

of St, Elbclwold, engraved lu >ol. x.xiv. 
of the .\rclk«colngia, is the representation 
uf a bell turret, coDtniDiOj^ t>cv<.<ral bells ; 
and the luitn of the open part, in which 
thij bells me liuDg, is by no mejinu unlike 
these -, »nd at Biusey, near Oxford, is a 
similar one, ' part of which.' Ini:! <im .■rii\ f. 
* may be older tlinn the 
quest.' There sr? two • 
In r 
Bill 



sham, and one at Boxwell, in the came 
county. 

" The attention of the author was called 
to these churches by C. W. Loscombf, 
Esq. an ingenious antiquary, who con- 
siders that they were of Saxon orifjin ; be 
says, 'Finding churrhe* wr' 'i.-,. -^(•. 
culiar charncteristics jo «^ cd 

over the conntry, all of tbi i inp 

ornament* of the earliest period, and dif- 
fering so roach in general from those wc 
know to be Norman biuldin^, the infer- 
ence I draw is, that lliey iuukI be referred 
to the fashion of a time, and not of a 
locality, and that this must be the Saxon." 
—Page 19. 

In the design of these bell tarreta 
the ingenuity with which the archi- 
tects of oor ancient edifice* encoun- 
tered every difficulty is fully display- 
ed. To raise a steeple, or c»en a 
turret uf the smallest description, over 
an acutely-pointed gable, is. to say 
the least, a task requiring the ei»t» 
cisc of considerable ingcnoity: it baa 
been a matter of great perplexity to 
modern architect*, aa many of the new 
churches plainly evince. But, etinoua 
as the workmanship and design of tha 
turrets is, wc cannot go ao far as to 
attribute to cither of them an anliuuity 
BO high as the Saxon pericKi. it i« 

' '^"ult to say whnt "^ ' (rii 

' bell-turreta u: ir 

> ,.r "v,. , . 



trntcrgJuTr, betwvca iiadauatoa aud Cor* in Uic latcrior, aoil 



II 

uiU 

tiio Window 





Bell TwrHt ai Biddetton, Wilts. 





I 



wldcb is iATiriably seen high «p 
l« %hf fmbl«, have been conntrttct- 
rd to ftllow of the egresa of the 
sounil. We do not rccollcrt nn in- 
stance of an orie;inal Norman bell 
tnrrrt. The well-, ' Norman 

at N'atcl> ingraved 

Mag. tA. . i:>jii, J), 3fi3, 

fdern bell-turret of wood, and 
-,.i-.ii,. ,..-^f.-.^t Norman 

chorch Little 

try ir .; - -I asimilar 

d*» rd, in Ls3«x, baa nn 

olil on the apex of the 

roof, with a dwarf spire ; and the 
rained church of Maple«combe, in 
Kent, in common with most of the 
■mailer Norman eiamplee, has a win- 
dow ta the upper part of the gable, the 
p r t Mn cg of M inch seema to forbid the 
. .-felon theapex. Tiie 
■rman church of Bar- 
iity, has no bell 
in . In f^truc- 

Mnivii ninj ftlsO of Nor- 

ATchitecture of early date, a belfry 
H very common, ^'1-'-"^^ of one, 
two, or even three -, covered 

with a gable, and i . .her on the 

wall of the we^t end of the nave, or 
that which divides the nave and 
1 such of the*e turrets as have 
under oar observation are of 
fwialfd architecture, and their simpli- 
city Mcoia to indicate an earlier period 
than the more cla'jorate turrets of Bid- 

As before observed, the designs shew 
the ingrnuity with which the ancient 
architects accommodated different 
fonus to each other, cither in plan or 
■ectiuD. The architect appears to have 
wiabed to add to hn church a small 
■|ii i » , aadasbifi funds only allowed that 
h tdMlU be raised on the wall of bis 
«ihvdl» mad not founded on the earth. 
bt Mt ibovt the execution of his object 



eori- 

6«HOO, 

turret ' 



in tlie most ingenious manner. The 
plan of his structure was of greater 
breadth than the superincumbent wail, 
which circumstance led to the neces- 
sity of corbelling the buck and front of 
the plan to make it unite will) his walls. 
TIjIs he efl'ectA not only with great in- 
genuity, but with an economy of ma- 
terial, by forming the elevation in two 
portions, the lower being cruciform in 
plan and so carried up until the point of 
the gable is cleared, when the octagon 
ffjrm is commenced and carried on to 
the summit of the elevation ; the 
result has been the creation of a very 
picturesque design, as will appear by 
the perspective views above given. The 
measured drawings of Mr. Walker clear* 
ly establish the ingenuity and science 
for which so much credit is due to the 
ancient architects. 

It does not appear to us that 
there is any great difference in the 
age of the turrets ; St. Nicholas's 
may be anterior by a few years 
to the other, but we cannot assign 
either to the Norman period. The 
torus workeil in the angle of a pier is 
a feature ctjually of early pointed archi- 
tecture A» of the Norman style ; it 
would therefore appear that no neces- 
sity exists for referring the turret of St. 
Peter's Church to an earlier period 
than those port ions of the existing struc- 
ture, which Mr. Walker says, shew 
' ' the early Engl i^h arch and ornament." 
The spire may have partaken of tlie 
repairs and alterations to which the 
rest of the church has been subjected. 

In a design for a church, by Mr. 
Walker, now exhibiting at the Royal 
Academy, the belfry has been judici<- 
ously composed from these turrets ; 
the adoption of a form at once novel 
and graceful, reflects great credit on 
the taste and judgment of the archi. 
tect. E. I. C. 




TUE ANGLO-SAXON CONTROVEESY. 



UsBAJi, Thnplfi, June \6. 

your last number, 1 

iriy embarked • in " the 

:ontrpv«'rsy.'* It was 

niched the con- 

II which had 

veil n-i: I" s') much angry 

ut I could not Well avoid it: 



and I hoped that a temperate di9ca»> 
sion of the points at issue would be 
tolerated in a stranger, if accompanied 
with the courtesy which I felt to be 
due no less to myself, than to the gen- 
tlemen with whom I differed inopinion. 
In this hope, however reasonable, I 
have been disappointed. 




See Htriew. " Ouest's History of finghsh Rhythms." Jutit, v» ^%. 



Miik 



144 



The Angh' Saxon Controversy. 



In one passage 1 am repreBented as 
sneering at a particular phrase. Now, 
as the chapter was written after a 
perusal of " the Controversy," and 
printed off immediately it was written, 
I feared that some of the acrimony 
which distinguished that dispute might 
possibly have insinuated itself into my 
pages, I do not. however, find such 
to be the case. The phrase alluded to 
occurs in a long quotation from Mr. 
Kembic, some parts of which are 
brought more directly into notice (by 
means of Italics}, as containing opi- 
nions afterwards tu be canvassed. 
Then comes the following sentence, 
" That I differ from several of the 
opinions here advanced, may be partly 
gallicrcd from what has gone before ; 
but 1 think it due to a gentleman who 
has laid Anglo-Saxon literature under 
some obligation to state uiy reasons 
more fully," &c. Surely there must 
be an unusual degree of sensitiveness* 
to discover a sneer in a line of simple 
italics, followed by such an ocknow. 
ledgment -, more especially when, Trom 
a feeling of delicacy, no mention waa 
made of the author's name or of the 
work from which the extract was taken. 
May not such conduct on the part of 
the writer be favourably contrasted 
with that of the reviewer, who, while 
he carefully conceals all the reasoning 
uf his author, denounces it as errone- 
ous, and every dozen lines drags his 
name before the reader.' As that 
reasoning seems to be wholly untouch- 
ed, and moreover tu have anticipated 
all the objections of the reviewer, per- 
haps I shall be excused if I quote it 
at some length. 

" Our modern editors take the liberty 
(without any warning tu the render) of 
altering the text in lAree particulars. 
They chaii|;e the accents, which in cer- 
tain cases are used to distinguish the long 
vowels; tbeyconipound and resoKe words ; 
oud they alter the stops and pau^s — or 
in other words, the punctuation and ver- 
sitiontion — at their pleasure. 

" With res|H;tt to the accents, llask 
profcssc!' to have been i^ided by the 
authority of printed Aoglo.Soxnn works, 
aided by a coiuporison of tbekiudrrd ilin> 
Icrts. I do not inquire if he acted up to 



these principles ; but under the circut 

gtnnees (unable as he was to prucu 
Anglo-Saxon MSS.) none better couli 
have been followed. The editor of Cxd« 
mon informs us, that in the acctntuatioa, 
which confirms, in almost every cai>e, thih 
theory of Profes.4or Rask, he has followed 
the authority of MSS., and, except in of 
few instances, that of tiie MS?. of Ciednio«j 
himself. I will not stop to nsk what 
constitutes the theory of Rosk, or in what, 
coses this gentleman differs from hi« fricadfl 
but I have compared his edition with thel 
MS. at Oxford, ta\d iind accents omictedl 
or intruded without authority, at the rat«| 
of some twenty a page — by what licencaj 
of language can these be colltd a/rto in-l 
stances ? ' 

" If the reader ask, what theory bat 
been followed after this bold departure 
from the originol ? — on answer would be 
ditficult. The very same words are found 
in one page with long vowels, and io, 
naother with short, as if the accent wer«l 
inserted or omitted, as the whim of the] 
moment dictated. J 

" To the edition of Beowulf theMl 
observations only partially apply. The! 
editor has shown more deference to hia 
reader, and has distinguished betweeaj 
theory and fact — between his own accents, I 
and the accents of his MS. 

" I cannot help thinking, however, 
that, in the present state of Anglo-Saxon 
Sfholarship, all these speculations ore pre. 
mature. Here is a language with whose 
accidence ond syntax we are very imper- , 
fectly ncijuaintcd — the nature of whose 
dialects we have not yet investigated. — and 
we ore endeavouriag to measure the length 
of its vowel-sounds with a nicety, to which i 
they who spoke itf made no pretension. 
It is probable that the quantity of the 
vowels varied with the dialects ; if so, J 
their peculiarities should be first studied.] 
It is almost certain, that the quantity waa ' 
sometimes indicated by the spelling; if 
so, the system of AnKlo-Sii\.u. ..rfiu 
phy should be first ascert.i 

" If we look into Aii^!' ■ ^I(^^ 

we find some without nuy acc«nl* ; and 
few in which thev have bi^cn sy»temati- 
CJilf; ' • ' '■ ■ " if MS. the 



Wh' 
to I 



'( lUkuunC] 

,1... Mv. 



of C'irdmon, ilicy were jii 
sparingly used ; but wert ; 
by the same hand that coirccir.! (iie MS,.i 
" To cluiryc these eonrticling urages] 
upon the ignorance erf the writvni, ii a 



♦ I< 
nenD U| 
t TJu 
Smxoa.' 



rose Ihol Mr. Kembic himself wonid have felt the. least sensitive-. 
1 ^ ; refers me to the OrmuJnm. I would oik, did Ormio apeak As^-i 




J%e Anglo-Saxon Controversy. 



145 



t«»k. 



r(*dy tntlbotl of colringr ■ very difficult 
QOntion. That ^ouif of uur An^lo-Saxon 
II8S. have been rart'lt-i^sly triLiisirilipd, 
nw h/- ,..i„,itr«,i i,ut I ciuiuot alio* lliat 
•'I ' charuf ter. Miiny of 

tli>- . illy written, aiid have 

uluuu <:uirtctiuu!t, which bhawr tbpy Iiavc 
hctru rrriuMl with nr> less cure ; and these 
M*-'" 110 better tbnn the others 

«!' ly that bat yet Iwcii starleil 

j^' : of Anglo-Salon orthogra. 

To pare down their iMn^uliaritieH to 
rel with German critic^isrn is *n easy 
c, bat one, I think, that i.s little hkely 
kid the progress uf Anglo-Saxon schci- 
Ur»hi[i. 

" Another licenceTcry comniunly taVen, 
is Uikt of compounding and resolving 
wunU. 

•' la Enirliih we write some words eon- 
tinooUKly, «« rnlbreatt; others we split, 
aa it Were, Into distinct words), as eoat 
mi»f ! or link tojtethrr by means of the 
hyphen, as jirar-lree. The hyphen was 
unknown tn the Aniclo-Sosung ; but com- 
pounds wc:re fre<(iii'ntly resolvt'd into their 
cienutntji, und written an though they 
filmed distiurt words. Now there is no 
uhjerriioi to the hyphen, if it be used only 
to 1 1 I the scattered elements of 

• ' for, even if there be hinn- 

d*-i 'istruction of a p«s*njj<<, and 

WO! : liat jrAt>u/i/ be separate, yet 

ih'- j --lesse* an easy remedy — he 

has inrrely to strike out the hyphen and 
the real text is ttefore him. But ilie case 
M widely different when the hyphen ia 
«ard in the retoiutian of words. He 
muat thru rest cnntent with such read- 
inga as are i;iven him. The editor ih 
•ri'iire from criticijm. 

" Mo«l of our modern editors take this 
double lioence. The reader may think 
that the hyphen is oeeoaionally used to 
prop a fat«e Irauvlation, or that it aorne- 
timea man the rhythm of n section ; but 
be miut have a ip-ealer confidence in the 
souodnesa of his opinion than would be 
generally warranted by the present state 
of Aaglo-Soxou srholariihip, if he venture 



an objection. lie mny be quarreling with 
the oric;inal when he thiukii be has only 
the editor to cope with. He cannot be 
iiafe unless he have his fluger on the 
manuscript. 

" What is the object proposed by this 
resolution of words, is far from clear. 
Few of our editors follow the oame plan, 
nor are there many of them consistent 
even with ihemselve.s. .Sometimes the 
prcfi.<[ \» separated tVoni it.s verb ; some- 
times linked li>it by means of the hyphen ; 
sometimes Ihe two are written continu- 
ously.* The common adjectival com- 
(Kiunds generally take the hyphen, but iu 
many hundred instunres they are sepa- 
rated into distiuct words, as wiere Jlod, 
i/'td eyninij,f &.c. So that not only i% the 
integrity of the manuscript violated, but 
the reader gets nothing in exchange, not 
even a theory. 

" The versification of our MSS. haa 
been treated with little more ceremony 
than tlieir system of atxents. 

" I have ulrcady ujentiuned that Anglo- 
Saxon poetry was written continuously 
like prose. In some mannscripts (as in 
that of Ctedmon) the point separated the 
sections ; in others (as in the Dunstan 
Chronicle) it separated the couplets ; in 
others (as in the Bi^)W()lf MS.) the point 
was nsed merely to close a period, and 
the versitication had nothing but the 
rhythm to indicate it. X The point was 
often omitted ; and sometimes, though 
rarely, it was misplaced. Now it would 
seem easy enough to copy the MS. cor- 
rectly, and to mention in the notes the 
omissinn or the false position of the points ; 
and it is matter of regret that Ihe confi- 
dence rejtosed in some emtivent gramma- 
rian has too often led our editors to ' re- 
store ' the versification, without inform- 
ing the reader. The alterations which 
have been thus made are, I fear, but too 
numerous, and more than one scholar haa 
thus impaired his u.selulness, whose ser- 
vices, in other respects, may well deser 
our thanks." § 



• " Tl)-- f'-'?'"!! reader mtist not consider this a mere question of ortfaograpby. It 
aomnim' : Lat an adverb is tacked as a prefix to a verb, and not only the 

rtiyibm i>t i' even its sense destroyed. 

t " The hyphen i* very commonly forgotten when an adjective and a cubttautiTe 
■ra compoanded (even in cases where change of accent points infallibly to a com- 
pound}, unlei* the peculiarities of the tyntax be such as cannot be got rid of with- 
out it. 

t " The writer generally leaves a sliicht interval between bis sections ; but, as might 
be cxpe<rted, this is often forgotten. The editor should have mentioned the omission 
of the dot, and have Jet his reader know that be was, to a great extent at least, answer- 
able for the rersilication. 

( " Tlie evening before 1 examined the MS. of Csdmon, 1 marked down between 
twr.. ty cases of doubtful ;>rosody. Inerery one of tt^e4e'\ftrt«aw\\i>J^^3««l> 

lb* ' -■u ttJtervd. 

{**-><. ^-jjij/. Vox.. A'- \J 



4 

I 



I 



errm 



^1 



iMi 



i 



146 



The AnglO'Saxon Coniroveray, 



[Aug. 



I 



The gentleman who reviews these 
observations is, I believe, a Mr. W — 
B pupil of Mr. Kemble, who has fur- 
nished the magazines with much criti- 
cism on these subjects, and from whose 
criticism I have, on more than one oc- 
casion, found it necessary to dissent. 
He is ambitious of ranking as one of 
" the New Saxonists ;" and inge- 
niously puts the phrase into my mouth, 
though it was written by me as a 
quotation expressly to show I neither 
gave nor adopted it. As Mr. Kemble 
and Mr. Thorpe (the only members 
of " the school." whose writings en- 
title them to notice,) avowedly* act on 
different systems, the title nlways 
seemed to me to be as improper as it 
was unnecessary. 

This gentleman considers roe " un- 
acqoainted with the well-established 
fact, that almost to a rule the most 
beautifully written MSS. are found to 
be infinitely the worst and moat incor- 
rect, because the transcribers were 
good writers but bad scholars — in fact 
they must be looked on as artizans." 
My ignorance on this point is, I find, 
partaken by not a few of my brother- 
antiquaries. The reviewer has evi- 
dently reasoned to his conclusion ; and 
(arguing, as is usual with him, from 
too remote analogies) he has ascribed 
the habits and usages of one age to 
another and far distant period. In 
the fourteenth century, the copyist 
was a drudge, or, if the phrase be pre- 
ferred, " an arlizan ;" but, in the 
Anglo-Saxon times, an accomplished 
penman was the boast and glory of his 
convent, and the most splendid manu- 
scripts were written by the most 
learned scholars. Eadfrid. eighth 
bishop of Lindisfarne, wrote the Dur- 
ham Uible ; Alcuin the magnificent 
volume lately added to the treasures 
of the Museum; and other siK'cimens 
of calligraphy are still extant, written 
by the hands of Bede and of Saint 
Dunstan. 



In p. 62G. I am referred to the 
Ormulum, as deciding the much dis- 
puted question relating to the long 
and short vowels ; and am asked, if I 
have paid any attention to a work 
from which I have made such long 
extracts. I suspect I have studied it 
rather more deeply than the reviewer ; 
for in its pages I have found some of 
the strongest arguments against the 
very theory it is said to support. The 
" etymological ignorance " of our old 
writers is also proved by this con- 
venient MS. ; and we are gra\-ely 
assured thatUrmin wrote "goddspell 
(gospel) with a short o — not because 
sucit was the received pronunciation 
of his day, but — because he mistook its 
etymology, and supposed it a com- 
pound of the word God, instead of the 
word good. I will not adopt ihe re- 
viewer's style, and call this the *' most 
absurd mistake" I ever met with; I 
wdl merely nsk. why may not jjotp^l 
come from ijond, jast as rradily na 
scholar from school, or yoxUny from 
tfooip? Is there also in these latter 
cases an etymological blunder } 

Price (to whose general usefulness 
as an Anglo-Saxon scholar I have 
borne willing testimony) fabricated a 
text for the Brunanburgh War-song, 
out of the different manuscript copies; 
taking, for example, one word from 
copy A, the next (without any no- 
tice to the reader) from copy B, and 
then inserting (also without noticO 
some emendation of his own, A 
translator would doubtless, in many 
ca.^es, find such a mode i>f editing his 
manuscript very conrenimt ; but it ap- 
peared to me very objectionable, and 
I gave a text from what seemed to be 
the moat correct copy, and merely re- 
ferred to the other copies in the notes. 
By such means, the reader was placed 
on the same level with mvMelf, and 
bad every opportunity of correcting 
my errora of translation. 

This mode of proceeding, which may 



I 



The motive for thp«f phnngrs was, tn general, obrimis t-nnn^b : it wns tn bring 

■ two alliterative nyl 1 1 in; ortoli. flip 

cMfflfttfT, aa lln ^ -rt si>mc 1 of 

tUi ' fa 




•tn- ' ■ ■■■«1 

' (itat, Alag. Auir Her, *«i. it. p. Ja. 



------- — , -. ^.-wo 

Misa. The mull has been moch mom 




7%^ AAylO'SaJioa Controversy. 



147 



At lc&»t cUim the praUe of honeaty, is 
difcAiifirnvcd by the reviewer ; and he 
iatrodaccs cnc as spcakiiiK " in a tone 



itive (pre- 
<r to think 
.0 MS. by 
there are 



•U' 

oi 

ac' . _ . -Jcr much from 

oci . any one of them would 

do ''j^h, for we can manage to 

m*ke sonii! m-iisu of it ; 7 * shall take 
the one which sccma lo me bc&t. 
yiow, did it really never occur to Mr. 
Gae«t, tlut if the copies uU varied so 
much, only odc could be right i in 
which case all the otliers must be 
wroDg ^ &c." There ia io this aen- 
troce a confusiou of ideas, which it 
would take oome time to uoravel. I 
will merely observe that I never ob- 
Jtcted to the eiuendatitm of one text by 
another, firovid^fd the editor let hia 
reader iuto the secret, and fairly laid 
his authorities before him. One MS. 
amy coolain a northern, another a 
•touthertt vei^ion of a '>ong: one a 
valuAblc, aj)Oiher a worthless copy ; 
and we have a right to know from 
which uf these sources a particular 
re*diag iuis been taken. I do object 
to au editor bliodfoUliog hia reader, 
and tlien fabricating a text, bo as to 
suit hit own peculiar notions, whe- 
ther as respects the translation, or 
criticism in general. A reader may 
have little confidence in his editor's 
judgment, or may have a theory of 
own, v^hich he wishes to lest ; 

(according to modern practice) be- 

lyaod his editor's theory he may not 
penetrate — n rondern edition stands 
like a screen before the manuscripl. 

To show more clearly the folly of 
•ditin,; 'itu manuscripts /iii/^u//y, the 
rc' les a Latin song of the 

tei. ., and then exhibits cer- 

tain of ;U btiinxas with such corrcc- 
tioiu aa an editor should apply. Now 
it might be objected, that no fair ana- 
logy could be drawn between the 
11 ' ' ' principles 

I d as the 



J^LU-oa\uii , uui 1 



^Mii lake the 



iaaue as tendered, and must state it 



as, my opinion, that an editor who 
should trajistatc a monkish song into 
classical Latin, would very ill dis- 
cbarge his editorial duties. Surely 
I need not inform on antiquary that the 
Latinity of the middle ages was dis- 
tinguisfied in almost every century by 
some peculiarities of orihographv ; 
and that a knowledge of such peeuii> 
arities has often furnished most im- 
portant aid to criticism. During the 
seventh and eighth centuries, thcLatin- 
islsofour Northern school, in some 
cases, substituted i« for the classical 
ending m — writing, for example, Jo- 
luinni* instead of Johannes. Need I 
point out the beautiful use which has 
been made of this peculiarity by one of 
nur modern antiquaries ? It forms the 
strongest link io that roost curious 
chain of evidence, by which Mr. 
Raine identified the body of Saint 
Cuthbert. 

" At the end of his second Tolume, Mr. 
Guest gives what we suppose muKt be con- 
sidered Ab his most inatiire opinion of the 
mode in wbieh we ought to edit works from 
MSS. " ' I would take this opportunity of 
n.g»in pressing upon the reader the im- 
iiortance of copying our hlSS. ftiH^ully, 
I inean not uuly to the letter, but so as 
to Hbuw iheir peculiarities as regard* 
punctuation, composition, &c. It is oa- 
toiushiui; how much light way thus be 
thrown npon the stnicture of our lan- 
guage. For example, many Anglo-Saxon 
AISS. join Ibe pre|K)8itiou to the sub- 
stantive, and thus point to the origin of 
a numerous class of adverbs, aJo/l, atletp, 
aground, Ike.. Hnderfoot, underhand , un- 
derueath, &c. today, tonight, tomorrnte, 
8tc. Again, in some MSS. several of the 
common prefixes are car^'ullg (?)t sepa- 
rated from their compounds — gticute, 
for example, being written ge ttnx»e, or in 
Old EngH«h, y irinjie ; and it is from 
these scattered i-lenit-nts of an adverb 
that modem sdiolarship has monnfac- 
lured a verb and pronoun / \eiM. Again, 
in many Old English MSS. the genitival 
ending is separated from its noun, thu»— 
Saint Bentf u »curge, St. Bennet's 
scDorgc, — a practice which shows ua the 
origin of those phrases to be met with 
in our Liturgy, and other works of the 
same date, Chrut ki$ take, God hit love. 



TUr reviewer is dexterous in the use of his italics ; and he has occasionally iutro- 



l|ui'i-<l (lii'iii 



vtower. 



into my fientenceH, mi as wholly to pervert their meaning. Here the 
- own, and he wa," iit full liberty to dcid with it os he thought projicr, 
,c4 and the mark of LutcrrvgatiQU, I need hardly (ay, belong V) t,h!&\%> 



The Angio-Saxon Controversy, 



[Aug, 



He, Otber in«t«nccs of the ad\anta{;es 
likely to accrac from a more careful edit- 
ing of our manusuripts, might be e«sily 
collected.' 

" We quote this pase«ge, hocausc, had 
we not found it in Mr. Guest'* own book, 
we might have imagined it to have been 
written by some one, as a satire opon hi« 
system of philology .• Supposing the in. 
■tance* he give* to be correct, yet let uf 
ask of any of our readers the simple 
qaestion, whether we ought to preserve 
in our editions all the acknowledged 
blunders of some bad manuscripts, be- 
cause one or two of them raiglit have 



rtUt, a bfye, &c. In com, bt rufi, hi 
rial, &c. for lord, fur luft, fltc. ; and 
these peculiarities of ortbugrnphy — 
or if the reviewer «"i7/ have it bo, 
these blunders — Sir Frederick Madden 
has transferred fiom his inBousrript 
to his letterpress. Tlie example of 
this able antiquary t have ventured to 
recommend for general adoption. 

From the second chapter of ihe 
third huok the reviewer carries us to 
the last chapter of Xh\i fourth, a mode 
uf reviewing which may remind one 
of the worthy gentleman who pro- 



given rise to blunders in the Eton Greek (juced a brick as a specimen of his 



I 
I 



and Latin Grammais, these being the 
grammars in common use ?" S<c., 

Re&Uy a very short ansAver may suf- 
fice for such criticism. Certain pecu- 
liarities of orthography are pointed 
out as having exerted a permanent 
influence on our language; the re- 
viewer calls them " acknowledged 
blunders." Now the orthography 
adopted at a particular period, or in 
a particular district, may be opeu to 
objection— our modern orthography by 
many is considered most barbarous — 
but surely it is a very ditfercnt thing 
from the blundering of the copyist. 
By calling these peculiarities blunders, 
the reviewer assumes the very thing 
he has to prove; if they be blunders, 
our dispute is at an end. I have 
stated and believe them to be /lecu- 
liariiiea of orthotjrnphy. 

The reviewei asserts that the reso- 
lution of the genitive, which is met 
with in such phrases as t'/iri»l hiitnkv, 
fitc. originated among the cunlempo- 
raries of Ben Junson. lie is ntost 
certainly mistaken. It may be found 
at least as early as the fourteenth cen- 
tUTv, and may be traced, in n series 
of MSS., from thence to the six- 
teenth — the ending (J being gradually 
replaced by Mm. The se^>aration of 
the prefix ^which is also denounced as 
a btundrr) is found in a MS. which 
may perhaps be quoted with advan- 
tage, inasmuch as it hat boon most 
carefully edited. The MS. of Wd- 
Uam and the Werwolf furniches us 
with numerous examples ; a trake^ a 



house. I IV this chapter was given 
list of our Anglo-Saxon poets, with 
some account of their lives and works. 
It was the ^r^^ attempt of the kind, 
and, I need hardly say, was attended 
with no ordinary difficulties. Some 
names were introduced doubtingly ; 
and, in other casts, the reader was 
left to draw his own conclusion, whe- 
ther the individual mentioned were 
author of the poem, or merely trans- 
criber of the MS. These doubtful 
cases are selected by the reviewer; 
and it is atnuiing to see how his con- 
lidence rises, in proportion to the dif- 
fidence with which some opinion is 
ailvanced. " Heorren seems to us to 
be a mere shadow," says he ; 1 wonid 
refer the reader to Vol. ii, p. 3'28. 
n. I ; " 13eor himself may be hut a 
ftratige bec>tt .'" vol. ii. p. 405 j "and 
Wullwin CJada, as we conceive, no- 
thing but a transcriber," vol. ii. p. 
WG. In vol. ii. p. 1/3, i ventured 
<contrBry to the opinions of Tyrwiiitt 
and^of Scott) to refuse Krccldoii ■ 
place among our Fnglish poets ; the 
reviewer waxes bold, and (ironounces 
him to be an " imaginary being," 
One Leofric is known to hnve written 
a poetical account of Hercward's tx- 
ploits ; and 1 vcntoicd to rcmaik that 
*' the songH, relating to llercward, 
which (as u tontcm|iornry liistnriau 
informs u») were sung in the streets, 
and at the alcstakc, were, in ntt prO' 
Imbiltiv, the production of this poet- 
ical chnplftin." Tlii<> conclukiun is 
"very inconsequent; waa there nohodx 



4 



• The reader muol not Infur tlu«t f Unrr luid rinim to «ii» •• ^ysttrm of pinhilogy ;*• 
the reTifwer Iib« Ipv. Mtun 

him unawjirc^, li ■ ii«, 

iiufrsrt of talkinj; ul .v. .^„, , ,,,>i,,„ ),, , ,.. j.i,, i.t,iibrr 

decent ^iccidnct ot tht luagwgK. 1 caa aaittr* lh«m Ihe-y much want »w 



The Anglo'Sasoa Controvemt/. 



in England but poor Letjifric who could 
write « song?" Sec. All this ia very 
i!«ff. fery (>iMy. nnd vrry trfocliant 
Hilly much more 
. iiuiJy than by 



crit. 



I lifttora rjf the Bit»le, 

fiAiiirii liiOvM-n. ascribed "' tfap Tiir- 
awnent of Tottenham" to a Gilbert 
Pilkington, vrhosc name he found sub- 
scribed to another song in the MS. 
and wlio had beon, "as surnt- have 
thought." rector of Toitcohacu. This 
seemed to nc reasonable enough ; but 
the reviewer, " with all due respect 
to Mr. Gue6t, conceives that it has 
been looj; ago shown (namely by Mr. 
W. himself, in one of our Magnzinee) 
wc have the identical MS. which 
Iwell used, and that MS. shows 
pif 'v that the whole of Bed- 

«• ("M wa.s a simple dream of 

hti I, 'AH, ^■c. I fear Mr. VV.'s me- 
mory is full a5 treacherous as hia 
judgment, for an examination of the 
MS. bus convinced mr, not only that 
~lr. W. has altogether mistaken its 
, but also that there arc tio cii - 
■stances connected with it, which 
warrant this infeieuce — no circum- 
stances which contradict, or throw 
even the shade nf a suspicion upon 
fiedwell's statement. 

A song was found in one of the 
Harleiao MSS. introduced by a stanza, 
which may be thus modernised. 

He that will of wisilom hear, 
ftvm wise lleHdimj inajr he learn 

I. That was Marcolfs son) 

Good princi)>lcs and fiur mnnniTs — 

Tliem to teach to many a tilirewnrd, 

For such was ever hig wont ; 

I, on the strength of this, I vcu- 
turcd to rank U»uiin<j as an Knglish 
po«t. Now there is, 1 am given to 
aodcrstand, a collection uf Anglo- 
Saxon proverbs, in which the name 
of Marrolf occurs ; and I am told 
that Mr. Kemble has (with a view to 
P'l" ■ traced these proverbs in 

tl. and Gorman^ Whether 

Man I'll invn be "the dcvil that Hylcd 
with King Solomon," as the reviewer 
aiaerta, nr merely an old author, 
whose name has gathered fable and 
mjtVtrl around it, may be beat set- 



tled when the labours of Mr. Kemble 
are laid before the public. I would, 
however, observe, that Ksop and Ho- 
mer, who weic spiritualisc<l away some 
few years back, arc now fast recover- 
ing their humanity; an»l I suspect the 
" imaginary beings " which haunt the 
reviewer will prove after all to be 
mere tlcsh and blood. If Marcolf hf 
a non-enlity, the phrase " Mnrcolf's 
son" will of Course mean only, that 
Hending succeeded to his reputation. 
The phrase vUain, which is substi- 
tuted for Ihnding in the French ver- 
sion (the reviewer styles it the ori- 
ginal !) shows us the rank he tilled in 
society. 

The reader nay now see how ge. 
nuinc was the reviewer'^ astonish- 
ment, that " any one, who had dipped 
into middle-age literature, should have 
been ignorant of a legend, whith was 
popniar in all shapes and in almost 
every language in Europe." Who 
would suppose that the writer of this 
sentence gleaned all his knowledge of 
Marcolf and his sayings from a friend, 
whose researches un ibis obscure sub- 
jcct arc still in manuscript • What 
will be said, if he never saw or heard 
of Heitdiiif/'t name till he opened the 
work, which he thus ventures to cri- 
ticise ? 

Had I a better opinion of the re- 
viewer's scholarship, I might feel some 
little pride when I view the result 
of his criticism. Hut I must not 
measure my success by hit failure. I 
cannot disguise from myself, that in 
a work, which ranges over thirteen 
centuries, and embraces subject* so 
varied and novel and ditlicult, there 
imut be numerous errors uf dctaiP, and 
in all probability «o»(e errors of prin- 
ciple. I can only ho|>e that the scho- 
larship, which is necessary to detect, 
may be accompanied with a candour 
not unwilling to excuse them. 

If this iliscussiuQ be continued, I 
would recommend it to the controver- 
sialist, both as a more satisfactory and 
a more manly part, to subscribe his 
initials. The number of those who 
arc interested in these inquiries is so 
limited, that all hope of remaining 
anonymous must be vain. 

Yours, &c. K. G. 



i 



150 



The Success of Sir Humphri/ Davj/. 



[Aug. 



I 
I 



* 



Mn. Ukdam, April 17> 

SIR Frauds Palgravc, in his " Mcr- 
cbant and Friar," speaking of the 
physical inventions whicli cooatitutc 
sras in the history of civilisation, and 
questioning whether they have been 
produced by llic strict analogical in- 
ductions of rcoiioning, or rather, 
whether in almost every ca^e all great 
inventions do not seem in their first 
impression to liavc been independent 
cither of volition or of intellectual 
eicellence, goes on to say, — 

" And why will intellect refuse to learn 
hnmility from her own aunnlg? 'ITie 
ehemitt promises with exulting confidence 
to apply hi* kmiwledj^e for the benefit of 
the nAvi^ator, mid to give hiiii m new 
oceaa-triamph. The vessel, covered with 
the oombiaations of xinc and ei>p|>er, 
whose golvxaic uetion is to defeat the 
corroiiive jiropertics by which the hletul 
is consumed, Kuils gaily from the port, 
and rehirns hrsvy as o drifting log; the 
keel a mass of zoophyte*, sciircely able 
to drHg through the wavei). Planned ac- 
cording to the strictegt deductions of 
science, the *nffty lamp is held n\t a« the 
proud trophy of philosophy rendere<l Bub- 
servient to practical utility. It ronsti- 
slateit the theme of the esmy aud the 
subject nf the speech, and is dung aside 
by the workman, who fiuda he dares not 
trui«t ilii uncertain aid. Such are the 
resultii of the reasoning powers as ap- 
plied for the purpose of discovery by hioi, 
who was among the most gifted of our 
generation, and trhn finally earned ho 
othrr meed ./V*&»« Ifie trortd't /riendifiip, 
except Ihf eald ni/mpafAy of fttnrreal 
praite, when, a ditappoiuled tiile , ht WMt- 
ed into the tomb," 

What authority 1$ there in the his- 
tory of Sir Humphry Davy's Life for 
the assertion Umt closes the quota- 
tion? NVith regard to the experi- 
ments of applying zinc to the bottom 
of ships to prevent the corrosion of 
the copper, though highly ingenious, 
it mu6t be allowed to have failed ; 
but the disuse of tJic ii(\ffty lamp, I 
have always understood to have arisen 
ratlier from the cartUanni-as and indif- 
ference of the workmen ili.iti from 
any distrutt of its a/Toi ity. 

But how can it be sa: i II. 

Davy " earned do tueed oi the 
world'* frieud»ltip, fscept lit* cold 
sympathy of funcieni praise ;" when 
bis life wa« oue coutiuucd career of 



good fortune and proapcritv and bo> 
nour ; when he rose from the obscu- 
rity of a little remote village of Corn- 
wall tu be the leading man of bcience 
in the country ; when he was the 
friend equally of the illustrious by 
birth and fortune as by talents; when 
he received from his own sove- 
reign the honour of a baronetcy, and 
from another, the privilege (on ac- 
count of his high station in the 
walks of science) of seeing the Conti- 
nent of Europe o|>en to him aione. 
when all his countrymen were for- 
bidden to set a foot beyond their owD 
shores; when he was elected Presi- 
dent of the Itoyal Society at home, 
and received witli open arms, and 
grateful and friendly attentions by the 
members of the Foreign Institutes? 
Surely these arc " marks of tlie world'a 
friendship " of the roost honourabic 
and gratifying kind, and in compa- 
rison of which all gifts of fortune 
must he considered as of no account. 
With regard to the c(jncluding words 
— " when, a disappointed exile, he 
wasted into the tomb," tliey appear 
to me as little correct as the former. 
... A man who takes a summer 
tour for the sake of fishing in the 
Lakes of Styria, and examining its 
natural history, cannot well be called 
an exile; and Sir Humphry Davy 
was never absent from home for » 
longer period than a few months, ex- 
cept in his Italian tour with Lady 
Davy. So far from being a "<fL>n/>- 
poiutfd cvile," he speaks with dehght 
of the band of friends whom he al- 
ways found ready to welcome him on 
his return to London; and with re- 
gard to "wasting into the tomb." 
his biographers have shown that the 
proximate cause of his death was ob- 
scure ; but that his health was in- 
jured by the effects of tlie laboratory 
and his chemical researches and ei- 
perinjcnls. Certainly there are no 
marks in his biography of any sorrows 
or di - ■ - • ■ ' ' •• the 

opiiM ,jf 

hislii,. 'ii<i| 

he had made ug 

their riw.iiil. 1, as 

lUK .W 

cvcti '_ iiud 

fortunf, as be cotii' : to all 

hia UcaLTus; &iid be . is in the 



I 




The old Royal Gardens at Kensington, 



131 



best and foremost cluses of society. 
On the whole, hia life appears to me 
to have been one of unusual pros- 
perity ; and 1 do not find Sir Francis 
Palgrnvc's surmises at all supported 
by ihf autliority of the biographers of 
this illustrious person. 

Yours, &c, M, 




ft 
I 



Mr. Urban, ChfUaa, April 5. 
HE ornamental Garden at Ken- 
ogton mentioned by your corre- 
pendent J. M. usee Gent. Mag. June, 
p. 3J6.) wa» situate on the north-west 
of the great Green-house, an<i imme- 
diately next to the Palace on the north ; 
ita »itc is now occupied by the large 
and beautiful promenade called ' Veu-- 
tr*e it'alk.' and in some older plans, 
tirastm/ttce Walk. The plot anil ar- 
rsngemcnt of XVi^ part of the garden 
i» bhown in the accompanying wood- 
cut, extracted frorn John Kocque's 
" Plan of the Royal I'nlace and Gar- 
dens of Kihsin^lon," engraved in 
1736. in which by a figure of reference 
it is de8igi\atc<l as the " Old Graril 
Pit." la a drawn plan of Kensing- 
ton Garden*, in the royal collection 
in the Uritish Museum, about the 
die of the lost century, this gar- 
i* cleared awav, but it is still re- 
pt^oented as " The I'itt." 

The whole extent of the Gardens of 
Kensington when fiist inclosed and 
planted by King William, was about 
lwen»y-six acrea ; they were laid out 
in the prevalent formal style. In 
Kip's Views of the Seats of the Nobi- 
lity and Gentry, arc many representa- 
tions of the tiresome uniformity of the 
gardens nt that period, long and straight 
gravel walks, with rli|)ped hedges rx- 
trailed throughout, only varied by 
giADU. animaU, and monsters in yew 
or holly. The hollow bason and 
mount, and plantations which excited 
the admiration of Addison, were all 
Blled up and levelled by Queen Cn- 
rolin«i who altered this and many 
other parts of the gardens to the state 
in whirh we now see them. The 
great open ma»»e« of trees on the 
east of the palace are said to have 
heen originally planted by command 

,.f «.•.,...-„.-. ,\... <.., I tf, ,'.-.nr.-i,-nt an 

„ =um- 

A' the 



rays of the setting sua, they present to 
the admirers of forest scenery, by their 
lively and countless tints, a most ma- 
jestic and beautiful appearance, not to 
be equalled in the vicinity of the Me- 
tropolis. Many particulars of the 
gradual extension and inipruvcment of 
these gardens will bv found recorded 
in my History of Kensington. 

Youra, Ace. Thomas KauLKncn. 



On the Prayer nnd Homily Society, and 
the ModtTii Greeks. 

THE critical accuracy of the modern 
Greeks may be judged of by the fol- 
lowing circumstance : 

"The Prayer and Homily Society sent 
nie 80me polyglot Liturgies of the Church 
of England to present coiries to thv dig- 
nitaries of the {jreek Church. My object 
was to give them some ideas of the prny- 
crs and doctrines of our Church, with 
which lliey were entirely unattjuainted ; 
and so better dispose them to form troiis- 
Utions of the Scriptures, to which some 
O])poaition had been shown. I cnlted, 
among others, on Cbryjianto, Uishop of 
Seres, who was afterwards elected Pa- 
triarch, nnd presented him with one in 
Ancient Grct-k. His critical eye at once 
detected iruiny errors. The firist was in 
the Rubrii: of the genernl confes.tioo. 
• HiTc'said he,'nr<- two faults: the lirst i<» 
/In I'Aov rov f>)i.iknv, it should be oXuv tdv 
\anv.' I recollected that this was a literal 
traiialntiori of our Rubric — 'the whole con- 
gregation,' and told him so. 'Then,' said 
he, ' (iXrii/ IK snperfluouH, for it is contained 
in ifiiKov, ' Agnin,' said he, ' fiira^v 
TiS(VTU)V is not Greek.' I said firra^v go- 
verned a genitive case. ' Yes, 'said he,' but 
Tidtiniiiv is the genitive absolute, nnd has 
the form of fitffu^v.' I now happened to 
0|>en at the I'rnyer of St. Chrysostom, 
which he rati his eye over, and said — 
' Here is another error, ;|(a^i(ro/if»>or 
should be j(npifo/Mv<<r, not the future, 
but the present tense.' 1 said, I believed 
the first was the word of .St. Cbrysostora 
himself. 

' ' The bishop took up his own Li. 
turgy, and referred to the prayer j it was 
vapt^OfitvQS. It should thus apjicar that 
tlie modern Greeks ntudy their ancient 
Ungnai!^ with the same care and still re- 
tain some of the criticnl niminen fur 
which their nucestor* were distinguished." 
Walth't Conatantmople, ii. JOI. 



4 



4 




152 



INFANS ANGELUS LOQUITUR. 

In lies Henens Ucitig stille RaOine 

Mu8!i da flifhcn auit dM Lebeu's drang 

Freiheit Iclit nur in deni rt- icli dt- r Triluuie 

Und das Srhdne blalit niirimgesang. — ScHlLLEK. 



Oh ! let me go 1 — I cannot bear 
To dwell amid this cruel scene, 

Where Sin and Misery and Despair, 
The enemies of God, have been. 

Oh! let me go! — Earth's phftntoma 
here [wild ; 

They wear an aspect strange and 
I know not — but all fills with Tear 

The bosom of a little child. 

Where are they whom in heaven I knew r 
Alas ! the angels dwell not here ! 

But ghastly fiends of mortal hue 
Kule o'er the earth — Hate, Shame, 
and Fear. 

From scenes like these of pain and woe. 
Oh 1 let me. Father, pass away ; 

I cannot, must uot dwell below. 
Araid these children of the clay. — 

What means this sky so stern and cold. 
These restless winds that ever blow; 

Trees that no glittering foliage hold. 
And earth beneath her pall of snow ? 

Does Nature for her children grieve. 

And mourn the eternal death within; 
Or is she too without reprieve. 

Closed in the fatal curse of sin ? 

Each form the spectre Misery wears. 
Of crime and folly, guilt and care ; 

And each the varying vulture tears. 
Disease in some — in some despair. 

And woes there are that never speak, 
Yet bear the silent spirit down. 

Like hers, that flower so pale and meek. 
Who fades beneath a tyrant's frown. 

And who is he. whose care-worn brow 
And cruel eye and visage cold, 

Now in delight, in terror now, 

Hangso'erhis heapsof hoarded gold ? 

And one there lives, whose hand is red 
With blood of Christian brethren 
slain : 

Whose throne ia built upon the dead : — 
Oh ! take me hack to heaven again. 

Why linger here ? p«rpeiual tears 

Arc all this tuiuM earth can show, 
D^luHire hupf9, und cruel fears. 
And every varying siuipe of wue. 

4 



I hear no voice cherubic breathe 
III whispers to my waking ear; 

I see no hands angelic wreathe 
Celestial roses round my hair. 

I hear no hymns of glory rise. 

No harps their voice sympbonioua j 
join; 
No duteous hearts, no grateful eyes ; 

Ah ! this can be no world of mine. 

Then let me go! — My heart would 
break, 

Iniprison'd in this dungeon-gloom; 
M id these, the wretched ones who wake 

To witness in their life, their doom. 

Oh ! Father f let me leave this race 
Of earthly hearts estranged from 
thee ; 

And let thy child again embrace 
His little brethren pure and free. — 

'Tis heard ! — Methinks I seem to bear 

The rnstling of angelic wings ; 

J catch from yonder sunlit sphere 

'I'he echoes, as a semph smgs. 

1 hear their voice — their forms I know, 
The shining-ones in bright array j 

They glide adown the emerald bow 
To bear me in their arms away. 

Children uf Beauty! from their birth 
Each with his star of radiance 
crown'd ; 

T)»ey come — while o'er the enamour'ilj 
earth 
Celestial fragrance breathes arouiul. 

And tens of thouF.ands spirits pure. 
With roseate lipslhat breathe of lovr. 

Will hail their lost one now secure 
Araid the guardian thrones above. 

And when of earth they hear — and all 

Man's sufferings there for w«tlth 

and fame ; 

Tears from those cheruh eyes will faU« 1 
,\nd even- brow be red with slnime,} 

And ever)' Utile hand be raised 

In prayer fur tlieui the unforgivvn {] 

Oh! LordofMcuy! U»ou art prBis«il| 
By every sainted child of heavto i 



-((, Afay 1838. 



J.M. 



153 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 



I Thf-oluyy. tcWM tiy 
inih u Life vf Ihe 

IF there is a disadvantage attead- 
lag abridgments, and other locaos oF 
teeilitmting a ceitaia knowledge of 
•abjects which, in their full extent, re- 
quire learning and patient application, 
by affording only a partial and imper- 
feet view, as well as by encouraging 
too discursive methods of reading; — 
by flnUering a vague curiosity and in- 
<], ■ ' .;t iodotence which is sure to 

I. Iicn we relax aught of the se- 

ven. HDii puioful study which can alone 
enable us to acquire the knowledge be- 
neficial to ourselves and others ; yet, 
on the other hand, it may be Bald, that 
they serve as it were to open the gates 
of knowledge, leaving us to our own 
option to extend our progress, — that 
they stimulate us by provoking curi- 
osity to the iovcetigation of what we 
otherwise should have relinquished in 
igooraoce of its value, or in despair 
of our powers of mastering it, — that, 
well used, they may serve .as grammars 
and introductions of elemental know- 
ledge, — and lastly, that because it is 
i!!! . lisible for the mind to acquire a 
■ ry over every science and every 
urAuch of knowledge, it does not 
/oilow that it ought to remain content 
ia its entire darkness ; that what \s 
not Bofficient to enable us to teach, 
l^y yet be beneficial to learn, — that 
ivanety uf attaiument will give rich- 
ess of illustration and variety of al- 
[ji lat it will feed the fancy 

[v ified images, and supply the 

_ jioft with new analogies : so that 
irhrn we have once selected that branch 
[t>' "ost congenial to our facul- 

[li latcd iuto its recesses, and 

UUitticil Its principles, wc may safely 
ad proGtably indulge ourselves in ex- 
'he frontier of our know- 
[h I follow the bent of our 

■ iiu- vs 11 iiuut danger, and. as cuiiosity 
•ajr prompt, into inquiries perhaps 
,m nr:r tiwn. Now, for such 
I all frel the benefit of 

.1 act like pioneers in 
±iag the \ny before u$, wfao 
F. IfAa. Vol. X. 



will give ua views and vistas of th*! 
extensive landscape which we cannoM 
hope to travel, and select for ua oulf 
of a large repository of intellectual J 
wealth, what is most striking for ita 
beauty, most estimable for its value, 
or most convenient for its use. Somei 
of these observations will apply to thsj 
work before us, of which, for the' 
reasons we have given, we entertain 
a favourable opinion. And we think a 
two-fold advantage may be derived^ 
from Mr. Dunn's volume; it maj 
either lead those to the study of Cal-^ 
vin's works, who but for it would'I 
never have had courage or curiosityj 
to open their pages, or it may tQ 
others present a certain knowledge of] 
the opinions of that very learned and.j 
acute man on the great cardinal poinUi^ 
of disputed theology. In both case 
an useful purpose will be answered.^ 
Dead to all curiosity must be be, whc 
is content to have heard the name 
Calvin without any wish to knowT'^ 
upon what foundation of piety and'] 
learning his universal fame is built ;T 
nor can he show any laudable anxietyj 
to coinprebcnd the great fundamen- 
tals of his religious faith, who w^oul^ 
remain ignorant of the sentiments 
one who brought to tlie study of] 
them at ooce as acute and subtle as 
intellect, as wide and as profound anj 
erudition, as tirm and deep-seated a1 
faith, and as laborious and patieat'l 
an application as ever conjointly | 
threw their light on the most imporJ' 
tant of all subjects. And yet, wherel 
are the students of modern days what] 
would not shrink from the toil of in- 
vestigating tiuth through fourtee4l 
volumes, folio, of Latin theology Fl 
Surely, therefore, one ought to b«| 
grateful to Mr. Dunu for prcscntinl 
us with a few shining apples from thv 
spacious orchard, and giving us 
opinions of this wise and good tas 
upon feulijtcts where an tipinioo 
some kind or another must be forme 
by us. To thin he has prefixed a ver 
judicious and well written Life of CaU 
vin, and a chronological list of hi" 
works. Wc o\)aer\e, vuvitt \Vt Vft 
of HumiWty, \», 1K^, «^ cwc\ow ^vaiwff 



Revikw. — Dtinn's Life o/Calvm. 



[Aug. 



pre 

r 



relating to Sir Thomas More. Cnl- 
via is speaking of worldly pride and 
presumption, and the judgments that 
jllow them. 

" Nay, it gometimca falls out that the 
Lord suffer! thetn not to be buried in 
their tomhs, but sends them to the ffai- 
)«( and the ravens, of which we have 
lany examples in the hi&tories ; neither 
int we some gpertacles hereof even in 
own times. But as often as I bad 
bis plan, a like example unto this cotncs 
ito my mind, and is the nearest in af- 
lity to it of all other* — of one, Thomas 
loore fVIore), who had such an office as 
this Shebna had ; for as it is well known, 
[be was chancellor to the king of England ; 
: was a sworn enemy to the gospel, and 
ersccuted the faithful with fire and fag- 
st. This man also meant to get himself 
[-name, and to set up a monument of his 
elty and impiety. To which end he 
lused the praises of bis virtues to be 
Agraven in a fair sepulchre, which was 
built in a most stately mnnner.* Then 
be sent his epitaph, which himself had 
made, to Erasmus to Basle, to got it 
printed ; and withal sent him a palfrey 

I for a present. So covetous was he of 
glory, that he meant to taste the renown 
and the praises in his life-time, which he 
thought should have lasted when he was 
dead. Among other praises, this was the 
chiefest, — that he had been a great per- 
secutor of the Lutherans, that is to say, 
of God's children. But what became of 
him ? He is first of all accused of trea- 
son, then condemned, and lastly beheaded; 
and thus, instead of a tomb, he had a 
^^ Bcaffold. Would we desire a more mani- 
^ft fest judgment of God thau this, by which 
^V be punishes the pride of the wicked, 
^^ their insatiable desire of vain glory, their 
brags that are so full of blasphemies r" 

Of Calvin's person and character 
the following samroary is given. 

" Beta, who for sixteen years was inti- 
mately acquainted with him, infornis us 
that his stature was of a middle size, his 
complexion dark and pallid, his eyes 
brilliant even till death. His dress was 
plain and neat, while in food his modera- 
. tion was known unto all. The portrait 
^B of biin is expressive of gravity, ttcutf ois>, 
^H and decision ; but his intellectual and 
^H moral endowments were not exhibited to 
^^1 adrantage by his external a)ipcariince. 
^V To have a correct view uf these, wc must 
' look at bis writing<i. Ifi* niiml wat nttt 

prrhapn of the terij firtt nrr^rr, lie bad 

• ' L'hurth. 'ly 

of ti Kfit and itt t M in 

tAe O'caticiimu 's Magazine fur Vw, li-i-i. 



not much genius, attd his imagination wat^ 
neither powerful, sublime, nor beautiful. 
His element was not the lofty nor the 
vast, his conceptions never rose into sub- 
limity, nor expanded into grandeur. But 
if, in originality, elegance, loftincsa, and 
comprehensiveness of mind and in splen* 
donrof imagination he was inferior to sot 
of his contemporaries, and to many of li 
miphty men of the following age, — i 
perspicuity of understanding, solidity c 
judgment, acuteness in reasoning, he hi ^ 
been surpassed but by few. The ten-^ 
dency of bis mind was to the abstract, 
and subtle in the deportment of rea- 
son, which enabled him to unravel with 
fncility the tangled web of sophistry, 
and to construct from the con fused ma- 
terials a system of his own. The freedom 
of his writings from the various errors of 
Popery, in which he was educated, is truly 
astonishing. If asked, therefore, wlmt 
we consider the peculiar individuality by 
which he was marked, wc should unhesi- 
tatingly answer, a sound and dinerimina/- 
intf judgment. In confirmation of this, 
we may observe, that in the numerous 
volumes which he sent into the world, he 
seldom or never contradicts in one part 
what he has asserted in another ; and if 
we except what he said ou the doctrine of 
unc'jnditional predestination, there is a 
remarkable exception in his writings from 
bold and nuhallowed speculation. Tlie 
times in which he lived, and the scenes 
in which he moved, must also ho taken 
into the account. Theology was by no 
means of such easy acquirement then as it 
might be at present. He and the other 
refonners had to grope their way ; their 
lights were few and obscure ; the intcl- 
Icctuul eye had long been shut ; divine 
truth was laid under a load of lereraoniea 
and imposture, and the doctrines which 
were clearly revealed in the Holy Scrip- 
tures were, in those days, almost unknown 
throughout Christendom. The learned 
Joseph Scaligcr mentioned among other 
things, as a proof of Calvin's good aense, 
his not having ventured to write a com- 
mentary on the Revelations, His me- 
mory was quick and tenacious. It is said 
that he easily rcii ht- had 

seen but ouce r: that, 

when he wa> di. :,..,.., •..., ...iiLir, and 
happened to be tntcrruptcillor some hours, 
he renewed the thread of the discourse 
without having to he reminded where he 
had icfl. off; and, indwd, Unit he svldom 
forgot anytliing that was entrusted to hfci 
memory. 

t» ('..1.;.. r.......-vw. .) ill nn 1 tiiir^f r.* fin- 



I 



Krtf I 
for 1' 

tUOi ' 

wc hi. 



,.d 

.III 
uh 



1838.] REVtEW, — Babbage's Ninth Bridgvater Treatise. 



U 



I 




h«nil &nd a conunuidiDg power, together 
with a finnaeM and inflesibilitr of |itir> 
pcte«, which bound hiru to the cause be 
h*(i ««poas«d with & devotcdncss which 
no opposition could oTercome, and which 
ao Wcissitade could thake. It has b««n 
jtuUj obfer\cd, that hia faults primarily 
roMilted from tJiose rery energies wliich 
^v' '■"■' V- I'lnincnce. Indomitable 
t: a certain sternness to 

Uj _ .!id not unfrequently de- 

geuerates iutu a spirit of persecution. 
Bayle »aj« that, ' onr Reformer was 
frightened at nothing.' He was naturally 
of an irritable temper ; and this wns no 
doubt increased by hiji sedentary habits 
and his numerous bodily ailmentii. His 
Ungual^ is occasionally bitter, and he 
employs epithets, when speaking of his 
opponents, as knave, dog, liar, «atan, 
impostor, serpent, plogue^ hangman, buf- 
foon, &c. — expressions which, though too 
common at that period, would not be 
tolerated in the present day." 

Mr. Scott, when speaking of the 
temper of Calvin, say?, — 

" He is not like Melancthoo, one of 
those characters whose exquisite loveli- 
ness continually holds out a bribe to our 
belter jude:inent in deciding u]ion their 
tenets niid their conduct. The sentiment 
he excites is rather that of veneration 
for a «upcrior intelUgeacc, than of affec- 
tion for a captivating fellow mortal." 

We cannot close our narrative with- 
out giving an Lnatance of the disinte- 
restedness of this great and primitive 
character, with a wish that one or two 
such characters had found their way 
iMfu the late Church Commission.* 

" Eckius, the Pope's legate, one day 
knocked at Calvin'^ door, which was 
opened by Calvin himself. Eckiusiuquir- 
ing for Monsieur Cnlrin, whs told lie was 
the|»erson. They soon entered into cou- 
verialiun on the subject of religion, when 
Kirkius inquired of him why he left the 
Rxim'«Ti rhnrch, and ofTercd some argii- 
lucehtuito return; but they 
' nee on the mind of Calvin. 
'.^' ' 'i him that he would put 

\i id ; and then aniJ, that 

lit ' . liie Pope's IcjjBte. At 

this l^'aiTia was not a little surprised, and 
btggcd pardon that he had not treated 
him with the respect due to hi* qiinlity. 
Eckius returned the compliment, and told 
kltu that if he would come back to tha 



• Wc have Hern n letter from a Bi:<h«p 
In tltu odious Commission, boostinu of 

ll'-''"''- '"«! he liail <;iven up, nitbout 

K ivord o/' nliiit to a mucU 

// ut be ha4 nxvirvd, 



Roman Church, he would certainly pr 
cure for him a cardinal's cap. But CaJv 
was still immoveable. Eckius then aski 
him what revenue he bad. He told tt 
cardinal that he had that house and garde 
and hi} livrcs per annum, beside on annc 
present of some wine and corn. Eckis 
promised him a better stipend if he won 
come over to them. But Calvin assure 
him he was quite contented with what 
had- After dinner Eckius wished to i 
the church ; and coming out of Calvin'l 
house, he drew out a purse with about I( 
pistoles and presented it to Calvin ; b«i 
Calvin desired to be excused. Eckiu 
tuld him he gnve it to buy books as we 
as to express his respect for him. 
they were quitting the church, Calv 
took out the purse of gold, and said 
the syuodics and officers who were pr 
sent, that be had received it from thi 
worthy stranger, and that now he gave ilj 
to the poor, and he put it all into the poor- 
bo.x that was kept there. The synodicfti 
thanked the stranger, and Eckius admired] 
the charity and modesty of Calvin. Oi 
reformer then walked a mile with him ou 
of the territories of Geneva, where in 
most friendly manner they took leave ofJ 
each other." 

D'AIcrabcrt said of Calvin, " Calvin 
justly enjoyed a distinguished reputa- 
tion, and was a scholar of the first 
order. He wrote with as much ele- 
gance in I-atin, as a dead language 
admits ; and the extraordinary purity 
of his French style is now adroited by 
our skilful critics, and gives his writ- 
ings a decided superiority over the 
greatest part of his contemporaries." 



TTke Ninth Bridgwater D-eatise (b frag' 
mnit). By Charles Babbage. 

THE author of this ingenious and 
scientific work makes, in his Preface, 
some rciiections on a position which 
Mr. Whewell had advanced, and 
which indeed has often been made 
before, that habits of deductive reason- 
ing disqualify the mind from duly ap- 
preciating ll'ie force of that kind of 
evidence which alone can be adduced 
in favour of Natural Theology. Mr. 
Whewcl! says, — 

'• Wc may thus, with the greatest pro* 
priety, deny tu the mechitnical philoso- 
phers and mitlhcmnticians of recent time* 
any authority with rcgurd to their view* 
of the administration of the universe. Wc 
have no reason to ex|>ect any help from 
their s^icculatiotis, viWu «c i\*citvv»\ \.« ^^ 
fiibt cftuse aTi«\ suyitmt xvjNtt o\\X\txw 
Tcric. Uul wc Ui'igVit, t^xW^*, ^q \ms'" 



n 

4 
4 



iti 



RevtRw. — Babbagc 8 Smth Bridgwater TrttUiaf. 



[Aog- 



lld(u«sci't that they arc in some respects 
t8 likely than men employed in other 
raiut» to make any clear mlvsncctowords 
Meh a subject of specoLslion." (p. 331.) 

Mr. Babbage says hp should be rc- 
Bctant to endeavour to invalidate the 
iflueace of their coticlusioDs by any 
Iquiry into Uieir moral and intellec* 
lai character. Reasoning is to be 
3nibatcd by reasoning alone. Dut it 
ippcars to us that Mr. Whewell simply 
"snies the pfobabilily of such persons 
easoniog accurately on a subject 
rhich requires argument of another 
bind than that which is employed on 
le subject of this one peculiar study : 
IAs he might have said, that a mathema- 
lician will not reason correctly on the 
ISnerits and constituents of fine |)oetry. 
[orofits sister arts. Mr. Babbage asks, 
"'Who that has studied their works ever 
[Reamed of an inquiry into the moral 
\9T intellectual character of Euclid or 
Archimedes? " Certainly no one, for 
jtio reason exists why he should : but 
(■when a mathematiciau enters on a sub- 
set not mnthematicnl, and discusses 
[the force of religious proofs drawn 
\irom nature, we arc surely at liberty 
[to inquire, not whether he has rca- 
: aoned correctly, but whether he is 
likely to reason correctly, knowing 
I tlie line of reasoning he has been used 
[to, and the proofs he has required to 
I Ibnn his unvarying conclusions in his 
own abstract science. Mr. Whewell 
in his letter to Mr. Babbage, says, — 

" I have BttemptPil to arronot for rases 

in which views of an irreli^iotis mind have 

been entertained by |iprsuDs eminently well 

; Instruc[e<i in all the discoveries of modern 

'times, no less than by the superficial and 

the ignorant ; ' nnd this I have etxlca'. 

^Toured to explain, bj pointing out that 

i«tt habits of mind mat/ lead men to 

itute f\>r the Dei/y certain ajiomi 

I £r»l principle* as the caiue t(fall. . . . 

thrust gome mechanic cause into the 

jluce of God, instead of raiaiog their 

iiews, as great scientific discoverers have 

done, to some higher canse, some «ource 

of all fofi'fs, laws, and )m ' ' 

eannot think that a doctrin 

^Vbether my nDalvsis of th- 

[be right or wroni?, i- I.;. 

in the longunge v\' !r 

If the man of sciftn 
•nitlil, hit Uait a pn 



the mathematician set ont on religioas 
rcasixringK, tbiaVing that his mathe- 
matical knowledge alone must bring him 
into a nearer proximity to hit Maker and 
Master, be will, I fear, find that the road 
is Lnternipted by a wide chttam, and he 
may perhaps turn back frustrated and 
hopeless. It is only by rising above his 
mathematics and physics — by recognising 
the utter di-Mimilaritif of mural and re- 
lifiaun groutuU of MieJ", from wfl/A*» 
matical and phytical reattminp* tipoa 
established laws of nature, that he eaa 
make his way to theconv- ■■■ - ■ ' n moral 
constitution and provid' iDicnt 

of the world; and if tl)' 'u'«4 or 

physical philosopher to habituate his 
mind, that it is difficult for him thus to 
elevate himself into a higher region than 
that of mathematical proof and phyiical 
couscqueDce, I cannot bat think he does 
damage to his power of judgring on thoM 
subjects." 

We roust add another paragraph 
from Mr. WhewcH's letter : 

" The strongest 8rgum<'n(s borrowed 
from the sciences in support of religion 
appear to ine to be, not those borrowt^d 
from any specific analogies of numerical 
or other mathematical laws, but those 
founded on considering how various are 
the kind* of law, and yet how connrct«d 
all these kindit are — how phydical con- 
nexions graduate into pliysiii'' ' -r-nl 

these into moral relations; 
existence of a purpose in n id 
faculties is as certain as in hi» Ijodiiy or- 
gans, and final causes part of the same 
scheme as phvKical rauites. You h*Ti! 
spoken of the impropriety of my endea- 
vour to invalidate the infln- •' ■\\e 

couchisioiiti of any men bj ry 

into their intellectual or U101: lt. 

Ki 1 believe that reUgioas cunvirtiouHt 
founded on scientific views, rei|utrci in 
order to be settled and Ijenrfirial, a dis- 
cijdine of the mind, and as the incul- 
cation of this Imtb ap[>eared to iitc an 
iniportjiint point in my task. 1 did not 
conceive that I could avoid on endcMVour 
to dlustrate it ; and still I do uoi |M'r- 
ceive how I could have cxrlnintr! the 
effect of such a discipline (ih '>,- 

bituitl occupations and r«»i : • r 



-.1 



The second chnpit-r, — "Argumeat in 

■■ --'-.'.:■" (■ •'■ ■■'■ ■--r,t 

d 



lit 



?•] Rbvibw,— Babbage'f A'jWA Bridgwater Treutiae. 



167 



Uoi«*ri* work* Hirough " th* abT«s of 

vents perhnps thou- 

rv they wid occur, 

i; as single events 

r side by a count- 

jihera bearing no re- 



itm-- 

saD 
anil 
«ur 

l^aa in LI II ii.ui]i_- ij 

laUon to them. 



h 



'■ ' ■ liar events 

we < as much 

in ' ire a* it* 

nril (we will 

wy I uiiHioD« 

«t)Ota tlcatii xhould c-oasii^D for ever to 
ihc InmH, it WB« a purt of the original 
plan ><>r, tliat a secnmi life should 

o^v ii ; in the same way as in 

tbt ~ hiiie, when the wheel 

is' ' ii:i(iiral niiiiibcrs will 

tori: , I ji In a fitindrei} mil- 

Hon, tn an anbroken ohain. Pew per- 
tuns thrrvforv' would donlit but that it 
wottld proceed in as rci;ulnr succei-^ion na 
it betsan i and k> tliciie:it tiicrccdinir tuni 
wUl be fl hmiif -' ' but 

tb«n the conii' , mil 

the next, I oatL'u i : .. .. . ■ mil- 

lion and two, id a hundred inilliun ten 
f*o«#ffftrf nnii two. The law which Htemed 
at !'• rn tbia icience, foils nt the 

bur II and second tarn,*' Stc. 

No one will deny the ingenuity of 
thiaappiication, bat many probably will 
deCQur aa to its correctness ; for it id 
founded oo that which cannot be grant- 
ed, because unknown to us, vi^. that 
the Creator ha* pre-arranged from the 
beg' ' the future order and suc- 

ce- ' :iLs, and that they arc not 

hui icgulated and constantly 

mi' immediate and pruacut 

WK.. .. .... legard to the notiona we 

have of the po'.ver of the Creator, we 
Ihiok that they are not altered by tlie 
diffiereiit form in 'which that power 
is here displayed. 

Chapter the fourth relates to the 
account of the creation in the first 
chapter of Genesis, compared with the 
geological opinions on the ages of the 
M.rth. On this subject the author 
iD4k«9 some sound and interesting ob- 
servation* ■, but when be asks " what 
means do wc possess of translating 
book of Genesis.'" wc answer, 
the Hebrew language is so sim- 

iiad'^' - •: 1 i|] its phrascolopy, 
I 'ibscrvcd, alino-^t all 

!lW)f- ''•'' ^' '" tie found 

in the I I if Gene- 

•I*. It'- - - :, , id the vo- 

cabolary ui (Jtvueaa, it la cicAi XiuA Uie 



Bible itself is written in characters dim 
and anknown to us. We Ibink, how- 
ever, on this subject, that the fear 
which existed in the minds of some 
pious and conscientious persons, lest 
the discoveries of geology should af- 
fect the testimony of the Mosaic ac- 
count, is passing away ; and that the 
disinclination tn admit the conclusiona 
of the geologists which still exists, 
arises rather from a doubt of the sound- 
ness on which their principles are laid ; 
some being at variance with others, 
and ^o^]e recalling and modifying their 
former sentiments on many of the 
most essential parts of the argoment. 
This is the ground which the Dean of 
York has taken in his late pamphlet; 
but at the same time wc must say, con- 
sidering how lately the study of geo- 
logy has risen into a science, now 
difficult of access are many of its phe- 
jiomcna, and from how small a field 
of actual observation the process of 
instruction is to advance over time and 
space of immeasurable extent ; we 
think the theories advanced by its able 
supporters to have been distinguished 
equally by the cautious and logical 
method in which they have been form- 
ed, and by the obtiervation and experi- 
ments on which they are built. 

We are not ignorant that on such a 
subject, notwithstanding the learning 
brought to the interpretation of scrip- 
ture, and the scientific zeal and know- 
ledge which have explained the pheno- 
mena of the earth, — we have not yet at- 
tained to the disco very of any thing more 
than a general supposition of the truth. 
We have only opened a few of the 
smaller chambers which contain the 
treasures of geological knowledge ; but 
when Mr. Lyall says " If the ex- 
planation afforded by the professor of 
Hebrew (see Dr. Buckiand's volume) 
be admitted, those who adhere to it 
must still have some misgivings aa to 
the effect of new discoveries in na- 
ture, causing continual occasion for 
amended translations of various texts ; 
whcreaj>, should the view which has 
been advocated in this chapter be found 
correct, instead of fvaring that the 
future progress of science may raise 
nddilional (li^ficaltipt in the uuiy uj' re- 
rruM ri'liiiion, ter nrc at onro rflitn'tui 
/mm all doiihl on Ihr subjrcl," But we 
mu»t add, how ^Nv: wc x«;\vt\'iA,\. t. 
by confossi&g \hft\. \s c Aq UQ\,>wwyfi Ww 



n 

* 



4 
4 



i^j^m 



M 




Review. — Tlioma's Book of the Court. 




* 



I 



to translate the book of Genesis ; for 
if Mr. Babbage's argument is true for 
the first chapter, it holds good also for 
the whole book. This way of getting 
rid of difficulties is certainly complete ; 
and resembles the Irishman freeing 
himself from a bad guinea by placing 
it between some halfpence which he 
paid. \Vc have gained the geological 
discoveries, but we have lost the in- 
spired testimony of scripture. On the 
subject of future punishments, Mr. 
fiabbage says Id his r2th chapter, 

" Wlielher we regard our future pros- 
pects as connected with a for higher 
acnteness of our present senses, or as 
purified from our exalted feelings, or as 
guided by intellectual power, surpassiug 
uU wc contemplate on earth, we equtdly 
arrive at the conclusion, that the mere 
employment of such enlarged faculties, in 
sun'eying our past existence, vill be an 
ample puninhmenl qfallmr errurt. While 
on the other band, if that Being who as- 
signed to IIS thesu faculties, should turn 
their application from the survey of the 
past to the inquiry into the present, and 
search into the future, the most enduring 
happiness will arise from the most inex- 
haustible source." 

That our own improved reason, and 
purified moral feeling and knowledge 
of good and evil, will be tl;e cause of 
deep remorse and anguish at the incon- 
siderate folly and persevering guiltiness 
of our lives, we believe ; and that the 
convictions of an enlightened judgment 
will ratify the sentence pronounced, 
we know from the authority of scrip- 
ture ; but Mr. Babbage's philosophical 
view of the subject is not supported 
by revelation. We cannot permit our 
deep sinfulness in the eyes of God to 
be called errors, nor speak of our im- 
proved moral judgment revising our 
past life, as an nmplopuuisliment. Cer- 
tainly we know, not only that part of 
the language of scripture on this nwful 
subject is iigurativc and metaphorical 
(as for instance the expression of tiic 
day of judgment, and perliaps " where 
the worm diclh not and the fire is not 
quenched."} in the dcsciiption of the 
condemned, as also the intrcduction'of 
HtuMifal instruments among the joys of 
the ble&sed ; but enough remains that 
will cot permit ui- to receive Mr. Unli- 
ba? ' ■-■inn J and we must 

rri ho look on himself 

thi J. -,.,,. w,. u.i uursinii, andiM^ererf 

/MT a Man, aaffctcd ao% only io »gooy 



of mind, but of body. At the real 
picture of the Cross, all the philoso- 
pher's vain and fantastic speculations 
at once fade and disappear. 

The Book (\f the Court ; exhibiling thr 
origin, peculiar dutiee and privikges 
of the several ranks of the Nobililg 
and Gentry, more particularly of ilie 
Great Officer* of State and A/ewAer* 
of the Ruyal Uouaelwld; u:itA an 
Introductory E.uay on Regal State, 
and Ceremonial, and a fuU Aceottnt 
qf the Coronation Ceremony, ifc. By 
William J. Thorns, F.S.A. Lond. 
8vo, 1838. pp. 487, 

THE contents of this comprehensive 
volume are accurately indicated by its 
title page, which we have therefore 
given at length. " It addresses itself," 
says its author, " to two great classes 
of readers — the former comprising 
those who do go to Court, the latter 
those who do not. The former,'* he 
continues, " will find in it, if not all 
the necessary rules for their guidance, 
at least many useful and available 
pieces of information ; and the latter 
that knowledge which, if it answer no 
other end, will at all events, to a cer- 
tain degree, contribute to their escape 
from the * parlous state * in which 
honest Touchstone demonstrated alJ 
those to be who have never been at 
Court." (Pref. p. vii.) 

The work opens with an amusing 
Essay on regal State and Ceremonial, 
in which we have presented to us a 
sketch of the progress of court cus- 
toms from the time when it was for- 
bidden " to give the Queen a blow, 
or snatch any thing from her with vio- 
lence," and the King was restrained 
by law from parting with three things, 
— " his treasure, his hawks, and — 
horresco referaia — his breeches," down 
to the present hour. Charles V. seems 
to have been the great patron of courtly 
ceremonial, and his influence and ex- 
ample sulliced to spread it throughout 
Europe. Our own Henry VIH. fol- 
lowed in his Hicps con amorv, Eliza- 
belli possessed not only her father's 
love of splendour, but oJso a womati's 
regard to the iicrsonal appearance of 
her household. She would "admit 
none about liri ' rivy 

chambcrmen, ,»r- 

vers, cup-bcai^,-, ..„.,.. ,,xv. Imt 
pcreuM of «ta,tur(4 tUcogtb^ ftod binh» 



1838.] 



Review. — Thoms'a Book of the Court. 



159 



r«f\iMng to one her consent — because 
the wanttd a tooth ;" and Bishop (Jood- 
FTnan, (kscribing the splendour of her 
[court, says, that in her time, " ut the 
rKrast of St. George, when many of 
[the lords were present, and every one 
[liad a multitude of servants, and all 
\a( tfacro in their chains of gold — I 
^iSo believe that at some times 1 have 
near tmthoutand! chains of 
ing."» (p. 20.) Charles II. 
I antruuuced into England the etiquette 
< well u the moraU of France, and 
Ihe House of Hanover imported some- 
I thing ijf the Gerraan atateliness ; but 
rur political inbtitutions and the home- 
liness of Cleorge III. have gradually 
modified these foreign fopperie?, anil 
[have led the way to the present prac- 
(tice of our court, in which but little 
iinore of the ancient state! iness is prc- 
serrcd than is necessary for the main* 
[icoance of regularity and decorum. 

.Spain, the country of Europe in 
[which etiquette flourished in the 
[^Inoet estaordinary manner, has fur- 
Thorns with several amu- 
lotes. of which the following 
ikcD as a specimen ; — how 
I much of it is true must be left to be 
•ettled by Messrs. D'Isracli and Cor- 
I ney, to whom it has already furniahed 
subject for "illustration:" 
" Pliilip 111. was gravely seated by the 
Krc aide, the fire-maker had kindlcit «o 
\a qnrintity of wood that the uunorch 
^nearly sutfocated with heat, buf cti- 
would not allow him to ri«e from 
Bair ; the domestics could not pre- 
I to enter the apaitmeut, for etiquette 
[forbade them. At length tKe Miuiiuis 
rde Potat ap]>eared, and the Kin.; ordered 
f l>im to damp the fire ; but he txcuHed 
f himself, alleging' that he was forbidden 
1 ■ ■"■in such a function, 

U»seda ought to be 

i his busiocsa. The 

jiJokc WM Ronc out , the fire burnt more 

elr, and the King endured it rather 

\ aeroi'nte from his dignity by a vio- 

' \ of cliqnettc. But hlx Iduod was so 

■■ 'tlowing day he was 

Id III the head, and 

.- ••■ (p-'^:».) 

From court ceremonies, the author 
leads us to the consideration of the 
component part* of the court itself; 
Ind Ute Sovereign and royal family. 



the nobility and gentry, the orders of 
knighthood, the houses of Parliament, 
the great officers of state, the royal 
household, and the ambassadors, are 
all drawn out in review before us, and 
every one of this goodly company is 
anatomised and dissected ; the origin 
of his office is laid open, his duties, 
his privileges, and in many instances 
even bis emoluments and his olfjcial 
costume are explained ; and all this ia 
done in a pleasant, readable manner, 
and enlivened by many very amusing 
anecdotes and historical passages. In 
this latter respect, indeed, the volume 
before us is highly deserving of com- 
mendation. Tlie useful information 
with which it abounds is set oflTand 
rendered doublj' attractive by the au- 
thor's agreeable mode of communi- 
cating it. 

The lost division of the work relates 
to Coronation Ceremonies ; but the au- 
thor's intention of treating the subject 
generally having been anticipated by 
Mr. I'lanchu's pleasiuit volume of 
" Regal Records," he has properly ab- 
stained from entering a tield already so 
well occupied, and has confined him- 
self to an account of the coronation of 
our last Queen Regnant, with the ad- 
dition of the Earl Marshal's programme 
of the ceremony which has so recently 
made " all England ting from side to 
side." 

The work seems to have been con- 
cluded in some haste, with a view, we 
suppose, to its being used as a Corona- 
tion Companion; and this circumstance 
probably accounts for some few verbal 
inaccuracies, which will no doubt dis- 
appear from future editions. The real 
value of the work is to be found, how- 
ever, not in that part of it which re- 
lates to the Coronation, but in its 
popular, readable explanation of the 
peculiar duties and functions of the 
OfHcers of State and the other com- 
ponent parts of the machinery of our 
Government. In that respect the de- 
sign is unquestionably a good one ; 
there is no similar book in our lan- 
guage ; the information crowded into 
this volume is eminently useful, and 
practical, and great diligence appears to 
have been used in getting it together. 



* It would have been intcrcwting to have had brought before u» the VraoaWkm Ixoni 
th» court of the Stnarti to that of the Plrotecfor, and wc hope in «Qm« tuVuxt c^'uaA 



tbc atiUior will enUrge thi^ portion of his work. 




M 



160 



ReviKw.— ThOniS's Book of the Court. 



[Aug. 



I 



It is diffionit to select from a work 
ofthis character, all the parts of which 
ore 80 ilovc-tailcd together that they 
can only be properly judged of in their 
combination; but the lollowiog extract 
will escmpliry the pleasant manner in 
which Mr. Thorns combines anecdote, 
antiquarian information, and useful 
practical details. It is rather long, 
but will be found well worthy of 
pcruaal. 

" The Veomen of t/te Guard, 

" The corps of the Yeoinea uf the Guard • 
was r«i»ed by lleary VII. at Ids corona- 
tion in 14^.'), upon the pretext of giving 
additional splendour to that ceremony, 
but in reality for the greater security of 
his person ; ' the crown upon the King's 
bead,' as Lord Vemlam expresses it, 

* haring put perils into his thoughts.' 
' Wherefore,' says Hall, the chronicler, 

* for the safeguard and presenradon of hi<i 
•wn body, he constituted and ordained a 
eertain number, as well of good archers 
u of diverB other periious, being hardy, 
strong, and of agility, to give daily at- 
tendance on his person, whom he named 
yeomen of his garde ; which precedent 
men thought that he learned of the French 
King, when be was in France ; for men 
remember not any King of England before 
that time which used »uch a furniture of 
daily soldiers.' 

" The Fretuh model here ollnded to 
■ras. * la petite garde de corps,' formed 
by Louifi XI. in 147 ."i (only ten yours be- 
fore) by aeparating from the /itcn de Car- 
bin, or Hundred Geutlemeu, the two 
archers by which each of these were at- 
tended, and erecting them into a distinct 
corps. That Henry might have received 



from this corps tha id«a of estnbliihing i 
fiimilar one iu England, t$ highly proba> 
ble ; and he might be cunlirmed in hia!^ 
in(^liaaKon to do .10, by the ' ' 
ihiil n somewhat similar i:orps ! 

part of tt»e royal retinue in y. 

reigns.f 

" In the reign of the fir«t founder, thel 
number of the yeomen of the guard iaj 
said to have been limited to fifty ; but it 
seems, soon after the acceiiion of Henrf 1 
VIII., to have increased to two hundred, j 
of which ntuuber one hundred were to] 
have hordes, t 

" The first instance of their taViog aal 
active part in the military operationa ofj 
the time was at the siege of Terouennel 
iu 13l:i, when, according to Hall thai 
chronicler, the King waa attended by 4 
great number of noblrinen, and ' six hun- 
dred archera of his guard, oil in whitsj 
gaberdines and caps.' They were alMJ 
employed during this reign io atiachlnf | 
the unfortunate victims of Hcnry'ii jealous ( 
policy. In the cajse of .^' " inUc cif j 

Bucluughun, we aretohl, 1 put { 

into the hands of Sir li.^., .i.ij-iiey, 
captain of the King's guard ; and after- 
wnrd«, when ia his barge, going from 
Westminster towards London, ne was met j 
by an hundred yeomen of the King's 
guard, who, to use Hall's words, * with« 
out abode boarded the duke's barge, and I 
him in the Kin"'-- »■<>.>.. .attached.' Aodl 
again, with re : ey, after he wa«] 

arrested and y custody of th«| 

Earl of Shrewsbury . .St«-t» ard of the Honse- 
hold, the King sent ,Sir William Kiogslont I 
oaptuin of the guard, to fetch him from J 
Shetfield to the Tower, and * when the Car- 

diuul ii!i\^ 'I (»iii of the guard, Iw ' 

was soil tor then he perceived 

great tro .1 him.' 5 



* This term, Ve&meu, was chosen, no doubt, witJi reference both to their natttrali 
rank in society, for they were to be composed of (arsons next below the order of 
gentry, and to the classification of officers in thr royal household, almost every branch 

0fwhichwa9f0r1nerlydividedinloacrje.il' ' «^ .. - ^ .-- 

•• Holy and Profane State," ch. x^iii. ip 
the ore, whon ■' ■ ' 



t These m 
the Crown 1 
0>tte4tl, 
nrptdi' 
but %». 

of Or.li; 

Tl^- ■ 
F 

Olr 



III.-D, and yeomen. Fuller in bit 
yeoman is a gentleman inj 



>ok of the Household, Yeomen of | 

/!<• F-iiwiiril''. Sliiliitr-) lU,-i.f wi- 



.it;.'' Ill tilt: »auii: i^ 
Houseliohl of Edv 

■ '■ nme on his 

<> Itif.'i vicit Im 



k 



Atn*j. I'tt:. 
§ It it reUtrtt thai oni> »Hac of Wolaey*s lr«ublM WW Ua Wttef been wvmd t<l| 



RsviBW.— Tboou's Book of the Court, 



161 



*' In thr niga of Que«n Eliubelh, we 
III:' .!>fet of Uie Yeomeu in ortli- 

l«x rwo hundrrd, anri that of the 

ri -■ "le hiinilrcd anil seven ; 

■ I. ance of the Yeomen of 
X\\' .;^ lip the rnyul diunrr 
O'' ■ mgii. Hentzner, who eaw 
£l>, I'C in public in the yeiir lb9S, 
telLi u;> that the dinner was served by 
Ute Yeomen of the Guard, bareheaded, * 
fln-v - .i ... -riript^ v^itJi n gulden ro«e oo 

tir 

u the subjert of this part of 
the dnty al the Tcomen. which contistit 
of rftfrrinjf op the dishes to the Sove- 
N-i and which continues tf» be 

• : I heir duty to thisi day, it will 

wi II ill t'ise )iome DiTouot of the origin 
their popular ooDie of " Beef-eattrs." 
'uvc imputed this to their urcii-fed 
a; 'then have derived it from 

till uf the French, but with u 

Uttlc rcoiyu, seeing that they have never 
had aught to do with the ancient cup- 
botrd, or more modem Beauftt, which 
ha* atway* been u ruler the charge of a 
gentleman uaher, es<)uirc of the body, or 
•owe other officer of superior rank. The 
tmel tc«(ni to be, that it ha.i it* origin in 
t vi«tt paid to the Abbot of Reading, by 
«ar bluff Harry, in the chanicter and 
hi-' ■ '' '^ I of the Guard, a cb«- 

n idge by hU looks, he 

■ Hi -.- -.-. ju to support to the life. 

The itory is told by Fuller, f and is to the 
foUowiog effect : 

"The KJug; bring hunting io that 
ueishbourhood, dix^uised hicnself as one 
of his yeomen, snd in a frolic, paid a 
visit to the Abbot about dinner time. 
Xlir IIP) ~fiii.ll bulk of the King could well 
«i: '->< liupport the character. 

Til' riding it uecei«»ai7 f perhaps 

tbri>U|[b fear; to he civil to such a guest, 
iavited the tupposed yeoman to dioe al 
his own table, where was a large piece of 
beef, ot which the King, hungry from the 



chaae, ate rather ToraciouAly. Upon ob- 
serving this the Abbot cried out, ' Well 
fare thy heart I and here, in a cup of 
sack, I remember the health of his Grace, 
1 would give an hundred pouuds on the 
couditiou that I could feed so heartily on 
beef as you do. Alas I my weak squea- 
mish stomach will hardly digest the win^ 
of a small rabbit or chicken.' The King 
(or rather the Beef-eater) took his leave, 
and, in a few weeks after, the Abbot waa 
committed close prisoner to the Tower, 
and fed for a short rime on bread and 
water -, at length a piece of beef was set 
before biro, for which the Abbot did not 
then want a competent inclination, and 
while he vras thus regaling himself, the 
King came intentionally into the apart- 
ment, in proprii peraooA, and demanded 
the 100/. for having restored to the Abbot 
bis lost appetite for roast beef. The 
Abbot might, perhaps, think the remedy 
severe, and the physician's fee rather 
large ; but Dr. Fuller vouches the truth 
of the story, and says the money was 
paid before he had his release, after 
which it is natural enough to conceive 
that the Abbot henceforth would never 
see any of the Yeomen of the Guard, 
without annexing to him the idea of a 
Beef-eater ; and the story, when circu- 
lated, might very fairly entail that nick- 
name upon them. 

" But to return to the Yeomen of the 
Guard. In the reign of James I. they 
are found at two hundred in number; and 
it was not until the regulations made by 
Charles II. in 166^, that their number 
was really lixed at any settled standard ; 
At IhJA time it was tiled at one hundred, 
at which it now remains. J Six of these 
are called Yeomen Hangers, and two 
Yeomen Bed-goers; the business of the 
former being to place and displace the 
tapentry in the royal apartments when 
the King removed from one palace to 
another ; that of the latter being, ou such 



^B in Si 
■^Eahe 



ixvarv of Kinfiton, which till then he had interpreted to mean the town of KingctOD, 
Surrey, on which account he always avoided passing through it on has way from 
' er to London. Howard, " Defen<iative against Prophecies." 
" That they should appear bare-headed on such occasions does not strike one at 
, aa the Ouceo was not only served but even spoke to kneeling ; neither should I 
sue'"' ' -I- - -' 'r circumstance, but thst at present the yeomen never 
taka aP \ presence, nor even should the King tipeak to them. 

The aaiii ,^ ^ i ud by the coachmen and footmeu, when they wear Ibeir 

eayt ((/' hofniuri ihougli both these and the jeouen touch them en mititaire." 
PegjTr. • Ciiri.ilin,' pt iii. 31, 

■ book vi. 

Worders of the Tower, which, having been originally forty, 

'ni^rii to twenty-four, was increased by William III. in 1GB9 to 

I Icillowing year further enlarged to forty, which has been the com- 




Gkkt. Mao. Vol. X. 



HIlMlM^ilM 



A 



162 



Rkview.— Walker's South WraxhaU Manor House, [Aiig. 



* 






removals, or in roynl |*rogTc»9es, to Ukc 
tlie i-harge uf the beds on the roads, and 
the care of putting lliem «]> and talcing 
th«ni down. 

"When Geori^e II. went to Hanover 
to take the coiuinaiid of th« ormy iu the 
year 174:1, tlie six Yeomen Hftngcrs an<l 
two Yeomeu bcil-gocrs were called to this 
duty, nud had the CJ«re of all the royal 
baggage, and particularly of the Kiiig'n 
camp, equipage, and bed. The tcul was 
not artuully pitiht-d; but Pegge, on the 
authority of one of these very yeomen, 
telU us, thnt tlu* Hangers ami Uedgoen 
were prepared to have erected the pa- 
vilion, to have himged it properly, nud 
placed the lied. They, however, eo fur 
ijerfoniied their duty, as to put up the 
Kiug'K l»ed every night on the road ; and 
at all timed when the King halted took 
their poxls as yeomen in ordinary, for 
i»hich latit purpose they carried with 
them their partisaufi, though, in their 
other cnpocities, they were armed with 
carbines. 

" A yeoman usher and a party of yeo- 
men now compose the gtinrd that attends 
in the Great Chamber on levee days and 
drawing-room days, their oflicc being to 
keep the passage clear, that the nobility, 
who frequent the Court, may pa-M with- 
out iiicoi»venien*:e. Tl»e usher Is posited 
at the hend of the room, close by the 
door leading into the Presence (Miambcr, 
to whom, when persons of a certain dis- 
tinction enter from tlie stairs, the lower- 
most yeoman, next to the entrance of the 
chamber, calls aU>ud, ' Yeoman Usher I ' 
to nppritie him of such approach. To 
Ibis the ii.iher makes anywcr, by audibly 
crying 'Stand by!' to warn all indif- 
fereul iter^ms to leave the pass clear. 
These ore colled the honours of the Guard 
Chamber, which arc conferred on Peers 
and Peeresses of the three kinitdoms, on 
Privy Councillors, Knijihts of the several 
orders, ou Ainbn.stuulors and ('hnrgi^s 
d'Affuires, on the tireut tJfficers of State, 
nod on the Coplnin nuil Lieutenant of the 
Bond." (P. 3C.1— K.) 

By this plca.sant iriterniixtiire of 
facts, trn<lili<(iis, and practical details, 
gathered from a variety <if sources, 
nnd blended with consuUiftblc skill, 
Mr. Thoins lias cotupiled a vohmic 
which deserves to ocrupy n |>erroiinrnt 
place iu uur lilr('u,lure by llie side of 
our Pe>>rage!9 ami boukh ot that class. 




The Hiatary and Aiiliquilin i>f Ihr 
Manor House al Sonlh H'raxhalt, 
and the Church t>f Si. I'ftev, Hid- 
dcntim, IVilh. h»/ T. I.. Walker, 
ArrhH^ct. Fol. 

THE present subject conslilulos the 
third part of Mr. Walker's " Kxani- 
ples of Ciothic Architecture," the pre- 
ceding portions of which have already 
come ur^dcr review in our pngcs. The 
author has, in this instance, cho^n 
for illustration a mansion possessing 
cunstderabic claims to atleiilion, as a 
fiue example of the residences of the 
old English gentry. The representa- 
tions on |mper of such a structure are 
not only iulL-rusting and useful to the 
architect, but arc equally valuable to 
the student of history, as illustrative 
of the domestic manners and habits 
of former limes, It is salibfactory 
to witness a subject so replete with 
interest, treated by the author with 
equal ability to that which is shown 
in the former portions of his work. 

We have already engraved m per- 
spective view of the mansion from a 
drawing hy J. Buckler, Esq. F.S.A. 
and wlitch is accompanied by a de- 
scription from the pen of Mr. Walker 
(Gent. Mag. Marcli 183S, p-a.*;:) ; *o 
that the mansion may in some regard 
be considered as familiar to our lea- 
ders, and in consequence a particular 
reference to the history of the llou^e 
is al present unnecessary. 

The plates consist of a general view 
of the mansion, shewing the whole 
extent of the structure, and exhibiting 
in several geometrical dr.i wings, the 
various apartments for display and 
convenience, distinguishing the works 
of different periods with ckaruess and 
accuracy. 

The interior of the hall, divetlcd of 
a modern ceiling which at present 
conceals its timber mof, .ip^icnrs to 
groat advantage in the various re- 
prcseiilaliuns which arc given of it 
na a whole and in detail. It diflfers 
from the generality of ancient struc- 
tures of thc> same cIuhs in having no 
oriel window at the upper end; but ita 
place is. in a measure, supplied by 
two rcccssrd apartmenla approach»«l 
from tlie hall by nrvhe*, winch at<- 
pear to i ^.dl acalc. 

the an.' m; aad 



I«3k.] 



Risvisw. — Wright'u Mcmor'utls of Cambridge, 



I 




what i« rklbrr uncommon, is the ab- 
fteiicc of 8 lottvre in Ihc roof. The 
wtlhtlrawing routn ia attached lu one 
coil of the hall ; it ocfU|iii;9 the site 
of nii older building "f the bbhic dc- 
bcriptina, and i« a rich 8|iL-cimen of 
the architecture of the age of Jan»c5 
the First. The interior of this room 
in exhibited in a very correct and 
t4t&tcful iitrspeclivc view, shewing ihc 
present ceiling, which is highly orna- 
mented in one of the elaborate in- 
terlaced patterns of the period; it 
conceals an older roof of timber in 
the 8t)'le of the hall, but subordi- 
nate to it in point of height and dc- 
Kiratiun. 

A number of shields arc carved on 
the corbels of the ball, containing the 
Marshall's lock, the badge of the lorda 
of the manor of Draycott, with va- 
rious armorial bearings. The form 
of liie shields is somewhat remark- 
able : tliey arc in some instances paral- 
ielof^rains, in others irregular bexa- 
mt, the dexter and sini&ter sides 
eing elongated; they exhibit early 
examples of a fanciful shield, era- 
ployed for heraldic bearings ; and as 
one of the fonns might be mistaken 
for a banner, the sculptor has taken 
care that in each of the examples, the 
notch or sight hole on the dexter side 
should be carefully represented, 

'llio "gap mouths," carved in the ex- 
Icrnal cornice of the hall, arc also very 
remarkable; one of these represents a 
lion's bead gorging a small child; 
another, a similar head ejecting the 
child, head forwards : there would ap- 
[lear to be some meaning in these ic- 
prcseutations. A lion devouring a 
child wa(i the armorial bearing of the 
Moutftirds, which family docs not 
appear to have been at all connected 
either with the Longs, or with the 
present mansion. It was, however, 
ill probability an ancient badge of 
the latter family, the meaning of which 
ts forgotten, although a distant resem- 
hUnce to the bearing seems to be re- 
tained in the following notice of a 

tnt of a crest. 

SirrTenrrf/^nse, Kniirht, wss present 

Ri ' ■.|>iinied 

I' !..|b of 

I. P.I ,11. .Mr.- a Rid- 

V ini', in I'uaidjr, in 

til , "lien ■ new civ»t, 

cvoswtuig ot a Uvn'f liead wHA a m<tn'$ 



hand in itt mouti, was granted to him/*'] 
p. :). 

The sculptures in question are the I 
work of the century preceding this 
grant, and therefore cannot have had 
their origin in this crest ; it is Iherc- 
fure highly probable that the device 
was connected with the family from a 
much earlier period. 

The Church of St. Peter, at Bid. 
deston, is also illustrated in the same 
volume; it is a small but pleasing 
structure of pointed architecture, si- 
tuated in the neighbourhood of the 
mansion, which is chiefly remarkable 
for a singular bell turret, which, with 
the church, is shewn by geometrical 
drawings, and by one of the two wood- 
cuts which, by the kindness of Mr. 
Walker, we have been enabled to lay 
before our readers in the present Ma» 
gazine. 

The plates by Le Keux. it is only 
necessary to observe, arc executed in 
the same style and with equal care and 
fidelity to those which have illustrated 
theformer publications of Mr. Walker; 
and it is just to say that the admirers 
of the ancient domestic architecture 
of lingland are under great obligations 
to Mr. Walker for having preserved a 
recollection of another of the interest- 
ing structures of ancient times. It is, 
however, satisfactory to add lliat the 
present edifice is neither neglected like 
the Vicar's Close, nor raoderntsed like 
Great Chalficid, nor left to perish in 
common vvith so many of our best ex- 
amples of ancient architecture, but ia 
safely prcscrvid by the proprietor, 
Walter Long, l£sq. M.P., who has the 
good taste to value and appreciate ila i 
merits and beauties. 



MemoriaU of Camhridgf, bj/ Tliomaftj 
Wright, M.A. F.S.A. Not. IV. V, ] 
and I'l. 

PROCEEDING upon the plan ofj 
Dr. Ingram's Memorials of the sister 
university, this publication has de-j 
dicatcd to Trinity College, as one ofj 
the most important, a larger space] 
than will be allotted to the nthcr cs« 
tablishroenls. In the account of thiM 
college are printed several curious do*j 
cuments from the Lnn.vlowne MSS.i 
aff'ording a smgulai illusttatiott 



Review. — Brown's Autobiography of Shakespeare. 



I 
I 



I 



count of the expenses of the unfor- 
tunate Earl of Essex, the favourite of 
Elizabeth, drawn up by his tutor, 
Robert Wright, who waa a fellow of 
the college. The expense of furnish- 
ing the lodgings of this nobleman 
amounted only to 7/. and lOrf. ; and 
those of a week, apparently occupied 
by hrs journey from London tu Cam- 
bridge, to 5l. 17*' 9^- The tutor also 
complains of the " extreme ncces&itie 
of apparel" which the Earl laid under, 
fearing that the young nobleman 
would not only be " thred-bare but 

Rgcd." Tailors were not so pro- 
fcl of credit in those day9> w-e ap- 
hend, as at present. His lord- 
ship's wants were, indeed, moderate : 
as all the apparel which his thrifty 
guardian (no other than Lord Burgh- 
ley) was required to furciish was "a 
fine gown for holidaies ; two dublcts ; 
three paire of hose; two paire of 
uether stocks ; a velvet cap ; a hatte," 

The engravings display, in several 
views of the college, the architecture of 
its building from the first foundation 
to the works uf Wren and Wilkins. 
A wood-cut is given of a niche in 
•which the statue of Henry the Eighth 
has supplanted that of a far nobler 
character — Edward iheThird; thearms 
of the last monarch occurring beneath 
the niche plainly indicate the usur- 
pation, and serve the useful purpose 
of stripping the intruder of his bor- 
rowed plumes. In this case, the 
great value of significant ornament is 
shown : the presence of armorial bear- 
ings in an ancimt building are so 
many historical documents conveying 
Information which in many instances 
can be derived from no other source : 
here, the existence of such a docu- 
ment speaks plainly to every spec- 
tator that the credit of erecting even 
the present college is not solely attri- 
butable to the monarch whose statue 
appears in the niche. 

Wc arc by no means pleased with 
the engraving of the statue of Newton, 
either lu the expression or the execu- 
tion ; and wp were surpiised to see the 
name^ of Mackenzie and Le Keut 
affixed to the plate. 

Tlic sixth number c<i- iii*t'« 

College, which Ii:i- Mi of rc- 

rordttig am' ■■! its 4cho- 

Ur» tJiat v Au old mul> 




berry-troe. said to have been planted 
by the poet, is preserved with great 
care, and forms the subject of a very 
beautiful vignette. 

This College also possessed a re- 
putation for dramatic entertain- 
ments. It seems at an early pe- 
riod to have been famous for the 
acting of comedies and tragedies. 
We are told that so far back as 1544, 
was performed there a tragedy called 
Pammachius, translated by the cele- 
brated John Bale. Somewhat later, 
about 1506, was first performed " Jn 
Christen Colledge " the singular old co- 
medy of " Gammer Gurton's Needle." 

We regret to see an advertisement 
attached to the present number, an- 
nouncing a suspension of the work 
in consequence of the ill health of 
.Mr. Le Keux. He states, however, 
that nrarly all the drawings are made 
for the work, and a great number of 
the plates and wood engravings are in 
a state of forwardness. We trust, 
therefore, that the publication will 
soon proceed to completion on so 
satisfactory a style as to form an ap- 
propriate and pleasing companion to 
the Memorials of the sister University, 
so respectably and ably edited by Dr. 
Ingram. 



4 



Shaleijifare't Au/obiogfaphical Pofmf. 
Beitiy hin Sonnftt clearly dei'f loped : 
with hit C/iarrtrter drawn chii/lt/ from 
hit If'orJex. liy Charles Armitage 
Brown. \2m(i. 1838. 

SO much had been done by the 
critics of the last century for the illus- 
tration of the life and writings of 
Sbakespear, that the opinion has very 
generally prevailed that little remained 
to be done, and especially that the 
search for particulars in his own per- 
sonal history must be pursued under 
the disheartening persua-iion that tho 
isfiue roust be disappoints ■ "•\\ we 
imagine that all pcr>>tiii- ;'ari? 

the aunolution which ^,,. .......cottl 

hB>» annexed to his edition of the twi»j 
play-J Hamlet and As You Like lt,j 
with the annotation in any of the vari- 



OTum editions, will be 
ackuowlcilge that in tin 
what m:iy 'n' callril \'> 
cism, t) 
the jubii 



llt«l)M'sll 



tal 




RsvtEW, — Brown's Aulnbiography of Shakespeare. 



165 



^ 



err 

oroiir own - 
ridge, will 
tbe departni 




» 



or thr et|»lic«tion of some obscure pas- 
ta.7- 'ill room for future 

vens, Rccil, and Ma- 
to write ; and that 
renmrks of Schlegel, 
'1 ' 'f.andCole- 
■e that in 
1 .m iiii.nif criticism 
there waa also much to be done. We 
o«._-l.i i,,-,t t., (,,r .,t nt the same time 
to u amongst those 

wK supposed dege- 

oerate, days of hhakrspear criticism, 
or rather in this suppon-d exhausted 
Mate uf it, have very successfully ex- 
hibited the very extraordinary |>ower8 
of this matchless genius. 

Tlir truth is, that the writings of 
."^1 «» « subject of criticism 

at luslible as his mmd wus. 

()ui fKiui is that, after all that was 
done by tfaoae laborious men whow 
acrumulaled labours ore by some 
thought to have overlaid the poet 
whom tbcy prufcssed to cherish, at 
laat as much rcmaitia to be done as 
tbcy have accnmpii&lied, to say nothing 
of the sweeping away a vast mass of 
matter which is cither wholly irrele- 
t, or which has arisen oat of the 
wapprebensiunsorerroDcoustheorieB 
Vt particular commentators. 

Mr. Malone is the only person who 
tttr act himself in the true spirit of 
that kind of minute research for which 
we have no better name than anlifiua- 
rum, by which men ditcovrr and pre- 
pare the materials on which minds of 
a more philosophical cost may berc- 
aAcr work, to the rtcovery^f facts in 
tbe life of Sbakespear. Rowe's Life 
of him is very uunatisfoctory, because 
he neglected many sources oi" inforran- 
lion then more available than now, 
d delivered to us his few facts with 
lo iiHic rare of supporting them by 
:• that almost every one of 

«l iiceii Cjoestirtcid by modem 

wejiUcifUi. Yet before Malone, who 
was there that devoted himself to this 
roquiry ? Malone was a very close 
•earcher, but not na accurate traa- 
Bcriber or an able reasoncr. Yet his 
materials ore good. Uut unfortu- 
nately he died when he had brought 
his hero but to the threshold of ftublic 
]■'■■ — ' what is called his Life of 
J^ , instead of being the work 

«'.;. ..... ,...)mi8es, is but hiH e*say on 

the chrouologicai order ofbia plMya, iiis 



mm 



commentary on Spenser's Colin C!oat 
(ingenious and beautiful, but quite out 
of place), added to an account of the 
poet's birth, infancy, and youth, and, 
at the end, some other matter of little 
value most negligently put together, 
and where, we must take the liberty 
to say, that his literary executor, of 
the agent employed by him, have not 
done what respect for their deceased 
friend ought to have been felt by them 
to impose as a sacred obligation. In 
fact we have no Mnlimf's Liff ofShakf. 
tjmar, for the whole of the period of 
his life from the time when he left 
Stratford and entered on his theatrical 
career in London. What is worse, the 
materials collected by Mr. Malone for 
that period (which is in fact the part 
of bis life which is most important to ' 
us) arc lost ; nt least not known to 
exist. Yet, beside Mr. Malone, who 
is there that has sought fur facts with 
a pel severing assiduity, who has pur- 
sued the study of the life of Shake- 
sfiear as an object ? We arc sure that 
no such reseaiches have been mode by 
the persons who have given us Livei 
of Shakespcar in these later times. 
Dr. Drake's immense volumes arc a 
singular instance how a large book 
may be made ui) out of the labours of 
otlier men, without a solitary contri- 
button of an author's own. There ore, 
however, several beautiful little com- 
positions of which the Life of Shake-* 
spear, as generally known and popu« 
larly received, is the subject, such h» 
Dr. Symmona', Mr. Scottowe's, and, 
very recently. Mr. 'Hiomas Camp* 
bell's. Mach contains lemarks original 
and ingenious, but we search in any uf j 
tliem for new facts or new corrobora- 
tions of old facts in vain. 

In fact, wliatevcr information abso- 
lutely new has been brought to light.) 
in these times, has been but as it wcr» [ 
incidentally discovered, Mr. Hoadenj 
Mr. Wheler, and Mr. Collier seem Ut\ 
have been the mo«t fortunate. 

Enough has, however, been don«j 
in the way of incidental discovery toJ 
encourage persons favourably situated] 
for the purpose, to undertake direct J 
researches in the manner pursued bf I 
Mr. Malone. .1 

If anything were wanting to shoW] 
that there is still something left tfl_ 
reward diligcactt, vV -wttxAii V ^u^« 
plied by Xht Iw\> v\ivt\i •iX ■*!>&!» Yvj* 



M 



* 



I 



* 



altcndcd to the course which tlie il- 
lustration of the poet's biography has 
taken in the last few years, must have 
perceived, that neither Mr. Malone, 
Mr. Chalmers, nor any of the cri- 
tics of the old school, had the small- 
est suspicion of the true nature and 
character of the Sonnets of Shake- 
spear, and the light which they may 
be made to throw on his life. No- 
thing can exceed the extravagance of 
some of their conjectures, except the 
state of darkness in everything respect- 
ing them in which they were involved. 
In fact they knew nothing concerning 
them ; neither when written, to whom 
addressed^ or whether they were mere 
sports of a poet's fancy or arose out 
of relations actually existing. And of 
course, except that here and there 
were a few lines frotii which it 
seemed that .some nptnion or sentiment 
of the author might be collected, it 
was not attempted to extract from 
them matter for the poet's biography. 
Waldron, indeed, in a too literal mo- 
ment, inferred that the poet was lame, 
from two expressions, which are plain- 
ly metaphorical. It was a great step 
ia Sbakcapcar'a biography when it 
was ascertained to whom they were 
addressed. This was known to a few 
persons long before Mr. Boadcn. in 
the pages of our Magazine, first openly 
divulged the truth ; but it seems to 
have been nursed as a favourite dis- 
covery not to be brought hcfoie the 
public, till (I) it was establislied by 
such a strength of evidence that no- 
thing cnuld countervail it ; and (2; till 
tlie other truths and facts which .■>|)ring 
out of this fact were gathered in. 
There are minds which are over-scru- 
pulous, dreading to commit themselves 
to any thing which is short of that 
perfection they think attainable, and 
some arc too apt to forget the short- 
ness of life, and that a literary 
executor may l^ no better than 
Malone found in Bos well. However, 
Mr. Boaden having arrived at the 
same truth by his own independent 
researches, first communicated to the 
world, in the number of our Magazine 
for October 1833 (Vol. cii. p. 30S— 
314), that the Sonnets wcr< addressed 
to William Herbert the third Earl of 
Pembroke of the new creation ia tlic 
JJerberts, 
Mr, £o$deji comniuflicAted at the 



same lime the grounds of this opinion. 
They are, we think, sufficient, though 
more and, [Hirhaps, stronger evidence 
might be produced. Mr, Brown, in 
the work now before us, treats the Son- 
nets as addressed to this young no- 
bleroan ; but we look in vain fur the 
train of reasoning by which he ar- 
rived at this conclusion, and we regret, 
that a writer gifted and original as he 
is. has not produced one fact t^ »up- 
|)urt a truth which hod eluded the 
most laborious and must sagacious of 
the older commentators. VVhy, wc 
ask, does Mr. Brown suppose them 
addressed to this I'larl ? Wc do nut 
admit that while his father was 
yet alive his usual designation was 
" Master William Herbert," corre- 
sponding to the " .Mr. W. H," of the 
mysterious dedication. Yet this, as 
far as appears in Mr. Brown's volume, 
is that on which he chiefly relics. 
Son, as he was, to a preceding Earl of 
Pembroke, his proper designation was 
" Lord Herbert." and so we know by 
innumerable proofs he was called by 
liis contemporaries; not, as Mr. Brown 
alleges. "Master William Herbert." 

The author, however, has not been 
anticipated, as furas wc know, by that 
perverse class of writers, who w^ill 
persitjt in saying before us that which 
we meant to say at tlie proper lime, in 
another circumstance of iliesc hitherto 
puzzling compositions. He regard^i 
the sonnets, not as being pro|)erly son- 
nets, each a distinct poem, but as a 
series of poems in the sonnet 
stanza, each with its own "itfiy, like 
some of the poems of Spenser. And 
as this is the great discovery of the 
book, and is, according to the motto 
as the title page, "the key by which 
every difficulty is unlocked, and wc 
have nothing but pure uninterrupted 
biography," we shall present the dis- 
tribution proposed by Mr. Brown to 
our readers. It is no small advance, 
wc can assure them, in the progress to 
the right understanding these poems, 
and the farts which are obscurely sha- 
dowed forlh in them. 

" Pirsl Poem, StnnrBS I to 2G. To 
lii> fficnd, (Hint ib, the Earl of Pttuibrokv, 
tliffi lH)rd Herbert,; persuading Itim Iv 
mnrry. 

•• Sefiiind Piirm, Sunms I", f« io. To 
hi* friend, wlm h»<l rubbed the poet of 
hi* liu|t(««t, (urgiTiog him. 



1838.] JlrA'tr.v,'.~BTOv:n'& AutobtograpFn/ of Shakespeare. 1(57 



I 



» 



I 



•• Third Pofm. Stanzas Id to 77. To 
(ricncl, complaining of bis rol<1ucss, 
warniitg liim of life's decay. 
Fuurlh I'ocui, Sliinza^i 7K to ]01. 
To l»i» I'ricnd, cumt>liiitiiii$ iliut he pre- 
fers anutlicr (Kiel's praibc*, luid re|iiiiV- 
ing him for faults that may injure his 
oh>r»rlcr. 

" Fifth I'oeiu, S(nn*ns 102 to IW. To 
his friend, picuitinjj liimsiOf for having 
bcTD «t>r ' lit, And disclaiming the 

charfr ' M'y. 

♦• Hix... :.;:..:., Stan*n» 127 to l.'i''. 
To his miMtrttt, on hrr infidelity." — P. 
47. 

Such is Mr. Brown's arrangement. 
uid thougli he is obliged to displace 
or lo reject two or three nf the Sonnets. 
it ia an arrangement which will proba- 
bly be accepted by his more curious 
readers with slight, if any, modifica- 
tions. 

By this way of considering them 
they may certainly be regarded as 
"autobiographical," that is, they re- 
late to actual positions in the Poet's 
atTairs ami connexions with the people 
around him. Still there are many 
which are barren in every thing of 
this kind. Hut they cerlaialy disclose 
mnch both of fact and ri^elJog, and 
•omething w^hich for the honour of the 
poet we could xvish not tha.t it were 
unknown, but that it never had ex- 
isted. 

Wc, {leihaps unreasonably, had pre- 
pared ourselves to expect a far larger 
eduction of incidents and circumstan- 
ces in the poet's life from the Sonnets, 
after llie announcement in the title- 
page ; and the rather, because when 
(he Sonnets, or the poems in the 
sonnet stanza, are understood, they 
are found to contain no small amount 
of information respecting the poet's 
relations to other persons beside Lonl 
Herbert. aiiJ the Phrync to whom ho 
is supposed to have attached himself. 
'I*bc allusions arc obscure, and are 
only tu be cleared by looking at the 
hi»tory of Lord Herbert. When Mr. 
Brown writes " they are all oddresseil 
to one person ; and that person must 
have been very young, and of high 
rank ; if not Afnster IVilliant Hvrhtrt, 
tank* olhi^ of kit iti/f in 1.^97 or 8. and 
fif kit eundtliou," we beg to assure 
th' * i ' 1 , 1 liave Ji stronger 
f}i, k-ibiTt; and nut 

rirgH'u >>i> " ' (■• ^'sacypher when 
any other \eltrn vrouU do as wcU, be- 




fore he will apprehend half the facts 
which are rrniched in these poems. 

Wc cannot, however, withhold the 
tribute of our sincere mlmiration of 
one of the most original and elegant 
of the volumes which have nppciired in 
the department of Shakespear criti- 
cism. The writer views every subject 
witlt an eye of his own, and he hoa 
evidently a mind richly cultivated, and 
enthusiastically devoted to the study 
of our greatest poet. The Sonnets, 
and the conclu.'sions from them, form 
in fact but a small portion of the 
volume, the rest consisting of distinct 
disquisitions on many points, all of 
interest, connected with Shakespear 
criticism, or of remarks on several of 
the plays, which are at once original 
and |ilca&ing. One of the disquisitions 
is cntiiled " Did he visit Italy ?" The 
author has lived much in that country, 
and his testimony is of value. He 
thinks it .ill but impossible that the 
manners of Italy could have been hit 
ofTso felicitously. had there not been, at 
some period of the poet's life, ail 
actual jiprsuiial acquaintance with them. 
In the disquisition on "His Learning," 
the author takes what appears to us 
a. rnucbjuster view than that taken by 
Dr. Farmer, whose lively essay, we 
suspect, has been supposed by many 
to place the learning of Shakespear 
lower than the doctor, who himself, 
however, rated it at a sufSciently low 
price, intended to place it. In the dis- 
quisition on " His Love of Fame," he 
combats the opinion that Shakespear 
was careless about his writings, and 
intimates that it was probably his in- 
tention to prepare an edition of them, 
when living in the latter part of his 
too short life at Stratford, and that he 
was prevented from executing the de. 
sign by the disease with which he was 
surprised hurrying hira to ao early 
grave. 

One remark, near the conclusion, oa 
this subject, contains so exalted a com- 
pliment to Shakespear, and illustrates 
so happily the high tone of criticism 
taken in this volume, that we must | 
transcribe it, 

" No one has remarked thnt -Shakt' 
8|iear invariably placed his scene away < 
from his own times. The nearest ap- 
proach to English monnen in his da^ , i* { 
iu HeHty (AeEiyfdh. Viia&\ve.iv"«wft>^i 
the more genettiA Viw Vv^:^ o^ \iLiiTO*vio 



iik 



I 



1 68 



MitcellaMous Remewt. 




I 



unrestricted by time Or place, the mora in* 
driible inust be hi< fame ? A suppnui- 
tion lian crc^ned my rnind, that, liad lu' 
lived 10 prepare Lis n-orks for publication, 
be nould liiive aunutled every allusioa 
to the Heetinj; maimers and rustoms of 



his day. Havioj;; terred his purpose (or fe 
while on the stage, I think it probable 
tlicy would have aftemrardt been erased. 
As they now >^tand, they ai-e unconuected 
with 11 tiingte incident, or with the apirit 
ur the feeling of the dialogue." P. 304. 



^ew Eton Grammar rendered into 
Bngiith, with additional matter. By 
dement Moody, one qf the Junior Maii- 
ttrt of Tunbridge School. — We ha»e rend 
this |p*amniar with attention, and have no 
heaitatign in jironouDeing it to be the 
best guide to the young scholar in the 
Latin language that we have met with. 
Mr. Moody has done much to make the 
Eton Ciramraar more useful and con- 
venient by trannlatingit, <ki a» to facilitate 
its comprcheasiou by the younger classes 
of a school, and by adding such note.i, 
(collected from the higher grammars of 
Schiller and Zumpl, or uriginai), as will 
be of great senice to thoue wore advanced 
in their philulogiral studies. He has thus 
united in n great degree the advantages of 
the two kind of grammars, which hitherto 
have been kept distinct, much to the dis- 
•drantage of the learner : and the pre- 
■eat grammar will be a very sufficient 
guide and awistant to any scholar in 
nil progrc*s, until he bait acquired such 
a mastery over the language, as to de- 
felope its principles, analyse itn struc- 
ture, and explain its analogies for himself. 
Of Mr. Moody's oriyinal observations we 
have just room to give the following on 
the subject of the EUipsiB, p. x. '• It 
would be easy to demonstrate that many 
writers 00 the Latin language have made 
a lavish mijuippticatiou of the figure Ellip- 
sis, from not bearing in mind that the 
cases in all their various combinations 
with every part of hpeeeh, preserve owe 
wnyform rtlaliun, primary or secondai'y : 
a MOgle example will suffice. The M. 
of Port Royal hold the dictum that the 
genitive CMC after the verb always de- 
pends on some substantive, expressed or 
implied, e.i\ gr. inemiai malorum. sapp. 
memoriam tualorum ,- but surely there is 
n wide dilfereni-e ))etweea a thing and the 
recoUeotam of a thing ; and the act of 
roiaemhering is mentioned at originating 
in the ' maUtrum,' the e^ils themselves, 
ttud not in the recollection of them. 
Pbiloltigista, we arc laid, in general go a 
step further, and contend that the geni- 
tive, nil muKcr what kiod of a word it 
iw», can only be i^ovuriird by a noun 
itive. Th« ' Avidua !/l»ritt* is to 
tpliined by an Kllip-ii" "f in nftjiitio, 
refipitr. or r<iM«d. >• ' 
• grmt paituUty for 
wA»t tCfptUai la the jireseni intioacr. 



and adds that the genitive follows, viz. in 
the order of construction, nouns tubstan- 
tiven and adjectives, prononos, verb*, 
though it may be ifuettioned houifar it u 
ffovenud by them. In the midst of all 
these needless uncertainties, how simple 
and easy do the above and all similar ex- 
pressions of the same kind become when 
tried by the principle just laid down. 
Memini malorum, ' I remember the 
evil* ' — the evils occationing my remem- 
bering. .-tvidiM gloriar " fond of glory' 
— glory being the soui'ce of the fondneas. 
Pudet me enlprr, ' I am ashamed of my 
fault' — I fi^el »hnme becawte of my fault. 
As well might we consider all transitive 
works governing a genitive by a similar 
cause. Percuntatoret /ujfito, vix. rnn 
or negolium percontatoris^a position 
which the most fanciful theorist would 
not venture to take. Such misconcep- 
tions can only arise from grammarians 
losing light of the analogy of structure 
which sulM<ists between the Greek aad 
Koman languages ; the latter correspond- 
ing with and belonging to the Greek, and 
holding the same relation to the Greek aa 
a child to its pai-ent" 

So satisfied are we, after a repeated 
perusal, of the cleame.M, accuracy, and 
general merits of this little work, that it 
is our intention to recommend it to all 
masters of schools. It is of the utmost 
importance that the grammatical elements 
of language ahonld be tsught early and 
taught correctly, for there is little time 
or ini'liiiotioD in ofter-IiCe to supply what 
is defective, or rectify what is erroneous. 
We may say of the youthful icholar — 
' Cum ad »tiluw tieccdet, cum g«o«rabiL 
ipse aliquid et eompouct, tuiu iuchuarr 
aliiec studi vel uon vacabit, vel non 
Ubebit.' 



I 



4 



4 



Slade's Cothquiet between a Pkrenvh* 
gi»t and Dugatd Stuart. — We do not 
think that this volume hne thrown any 
new light on the abstn' ' mi which 

it treata ; nor do we i ihe real 



but I 



rmer we ur 



k 




.... /...) r.- . 0..7 r--y->- h,f 11. 

C)' •rCKll 

>1 I iitjin 

Mooti ilui t» >i>j$euii>U9 sml well rtaaoncd, 
and murh just and arute (-riticism on Uie 
■peca1«liorii> uf furiner writer*, ns ilanie, 
nro*nr. Polejr, A.i'. The third Essuy 
dc— — '■' ''• ''"■ ■■:'>■ r's power of argu- 
B>' -. of his religiout 

»>>• ■ ■ .■ipecimoii of his 

akill Atiii kauwleilg«. 'ilieri- urc other 
p«rtt whirli wc do not 9[)|>rove, and we 
■rr c Archbishop Magee treated 

»iv I nut »irh disrespect. We 

ol, ■ •'■• T-'iment on * Sncri- 

Si . I. '.-11 »o notice of 

Ui'- lit treatise on the 

•nbjrct by tlic Ute Mr. Davikon, which ia 
««|| iturthy Ills attentive peruital. 



Duhop Ken's Pr^ie Worht, cnlhctedby 

T. Uonnd. 8po. — We are obliged to 
. Kound for having collected in this 
Vrnicut volume the scattered }<vtblica- 
tiont of thi« amiable, excellent, and intcl- 
ligcnl (iiclate. The greater ])urt of the 
preieat collretion wn* |>ijblii>hed in xrpn- 
nl* pi<ee» by ltifibo|i Ken in his lifi'ttme. 
Ml' " ■■ ' :n hi* entertaining nndexccl- 
le>< 11. (irinlcJ fiuiue letters for 

tb> : other*, t)ic editor has been 

enabled Ui add from the lioilleian and 
from Dr. Williams'^ roUcrrion, while 
Uie library at Longlcnt fumitihed liim 
with the articles of visiurion and enquiry. 
pp<'ftr» that several works which have 
printed from time to time ttis Ken'*, 
Hilt aHlhtntic. The four following 
Lave l>een rejected oa epurious. 

I. A Letter to the Author of A Sermon. 

i.\ 'llie Ketired C'bri«*tian. 

:\. The RovhI Sulferer. 

* '■ ■ ' ' :.- on the Complaints of 
>pd. 

reprinteil Mr. Hnw- 
kjni'a Lite of Ken ; he ho» then given uti 
many interesting letters from Ken, W. 
Lloyd. an<l [Jr. T. Smith ; three .Scr- 
mnna. with an etcellent Manual of Prnyer, 
and Letters or Chorgcb to the I'lergy. 
Tbe volunir will W t;<'>>tifiilly received 
Uy all who love the iiieniory, admire 
the piety, and este«m ihe ubilitiei of thia 
rtcellent man, and will foriu uii Hdniira- 
ble euinpaiiiou to Lla liiography by Mr. 
Bwwlr«. 



tl 



M. 



ri/<>A Diplomttey itnd Turkith Intte- 
\4lt».rf lyiH' — The uulhur eiilertaiu.i 
1 the ninbilioos deugiis of 
- iid» the po*»e»Kion of Tur- 
key, uud hei fuidier view* of orJenUl 
cuncjunt ; and he uftfts the union uf 
Tui". ■' I' land, as the best 

( 



Shak\jiturt and hit FrifHih. .1 wit. — 
We i.-uiiaider this cla^a of writing to be 
very dirtii'ult in theejLeeution. First, be- 
cause it iieeuis to prouiise tbe expectation 
of talent, similar to that suggested by tbe 
subject of its story ; for no one would 
druinatize the chnraeter of Shakjtpeare, 
but ou the supposition that the glory of 
that great name would not be inipalred in 
his hands ; and tliit when Shak.tpeare 
(peaks through him, he loses not "a drop 
of the iminurtal mou." As the author 
selects the highest model he could find, 
lie must Hoar liira»clf with no uneiiual 
power of wing. Secondly, wc nre st) little 
tte(|iiaiiited with the thoughts and jcnti- 
nicntj of our forefathers, we know no little 
of tUcm except in the public page of his- 
tory, that to throw oneself into their 
iMLionis and form lieulimcots, reasonj, and 
thoughts fur them, in the familiarity of 
rominon and doinestic intercourse, would 
be a task thnt only genius it.ielf like Scott's 
could hope to e.Xecutc. Thirdly, the luieof 
nntii|ualed language, such as would be the 
fit vehicle for the expression of the senti- 
ments of iiuch characters, persisted in 
through a whole work, is always tiresome; 
even Scott Ims sometimes failed in this 
point. Lastly, for the rcnHuii before titated, 
there i& iu such works, as the present, little 
solid matter compared to their bulk and 
ronipnss. Tbe author is so fearful of hi.4 
ground, and is ko little acquainted with 
the thoughts and ideas tlial liiii chnrncterk 
should pussciiji, that he conAnes himself 
to colloquinl nud favourite expressions, 
compliments, descriptions, dialogues with- 
out purpose or result, general and vague 
statements, half-contradictions, prosy ex- 
cuses and long hnrangucs, while tlie stream 
of narration, being impeded by these ob- 
Mtanlcs, sullenly and slowly proceed:). We 
say this of the book before uh and of 
otherti of the class ; though there is cle- 
verness both iu the prose and poetical 
partH, and some few of the scenes are 
correctly and forcibly drawn. But what 
.luthoricy has the author for making Queen 
Ehznbetb apjtear iit a pHhIic theatre ? 

FiUhtrlttrl, or Lorer* ami Fortune- 
Hunters, By thf Aut/wrritt of Ihf Bridt 
uf Sienna. '.\ rol». — Notwithstanding, as 
it nppeans to us, two fuults in this novel, 
which nre, that tbe plot is not a very happy 
ouc, and thnt there is a tendency to over- 
charge some of the scenes ; yet it has very 
con.iiderable merit, is written with spirit 
Biid elegance, the eUaracters arc varied 
nud contrasted, the iucideiitt amoaing, 
nnd the dramatic part, or dialogue, very 
well imagined and executed. We cannot 
offord time tu t^ive an ut«.\^»& q\ >A(k« ttorv; , 
wliith ufler aV\ ^o\j\A \>c, %\.t\'^Y'^ «V 



UiUI 



Jl 



lAttfOUS 



VtfVff. 



[Ang. 



^letaila and of its drapery, f xccediriRly uii- 
iovUing in our haiidii : but n-c ran a«!iarc 
those whose fatotiriiig "^tur ullows them 
leisure to delight id »uch work« a<i these, 
that they will be ouiused with very clever 
jMrtmiture in many of the character? ; 
•nd that they will see variouB pas- 
ijons and interests, deep and lif^ht, 
trsgirikl anil ludicrous, sketched off «-ith 
eicellciit elfecL The character of Miss 
Mathews, bating a little extravagance 
here and there, ag in the Ekating scene, is 
very comic, and so true, that she may 
stand for the f/mutof the tribe she rcpre- 
Bcnts. Her friend Mr. Shuffle is a fine 
specimen of the scoundrel aftomey, such 
M drove poor Sir Egerton Brydges out of 
his country and his wits. Then, again, 
the Sullirau fiimily is excellent ; and some 
of the scenes first-rate; from the worth- 
less mother to the Piccoletto And the 
dirty oldcountesn. Mm. Syntax is a true 
portrait in another tine ; while a just 
relief is given to all this impudence, igno- 
rance, roguery and crime by the fine 
natural and virtuous chnrnctem of Fanny 
Hobson and her brown husbnml ; and the 
aSectiog narrative of Julin and Walter 
Mandeville. The rival heroines, Emily 
Harland and Camilla St. Clair, are placed 
itt snflicient and not too atrong a contnuit. 
We do not think much can be cnid in 
favour of the hero of the tale, Fitiher- 
bertj for the infidelity which lie shows, 
arose ont of a levity that ha* no alliance 
with the manly virtues ; and we are glad 
Mr. Aubrey was ready to set all matters 
right ; knowing welt 

" It is best to be off with the old lore 
Before we are on with the new." 

On the whole, the fair authoress must not 
think us dt-firient in gnllnntry, or cold in 
our appriibation, becaiiise we do not i)Uote 
some passages from her pages a« Mpcci- 
mens of her power. We assure her that 
wc have no space at liberty for such pur- 
poses, or we should know where to go 
wltliout difficuUy to select scenes tliat 
wof' ' '■• •' '■■ i-ratify nil of our readers tin- 
dci ; as fur instance a .^k,''lch i>f 

the ^' III other fiimilie:), In mliich 

Emtly resiiled as govemess. Dt-icriptiiins 
snch ft* the«f> nrc very faithfutlT wrou'lit 
onf. fitfully cirri ' 

dli! ic dctoiln. 




' n«(4w. Ouradthv i» to pprseverc m Ucr 



course, ami hy reading and remark get as 
manyfrcxh shades of character out of the 
mass of Mjciety aa she con j more aho 
cannot cJti)e<:t to obtain j but every paa- 
rion, well obsei'ved, will afford some in- 
dividual traits, as the same water will 
receive a rhonge according to the local 
diversities of soil it passca in its ronne. 



Tht Chriitian Fathtri qfthe fivti and 
tecond Centurien, Sec. ( hatulaiedj hy the 
Ilev. E. Bickersteth. — lu this volume arc 
comprised translations of Clement, Igna- 
tius, and Polycarp ; followed by tlie valu- 
able Dialogue of Jut>tLn the Martyr, and 
part of Athenagorai. Theae treatiaet, 
coming so closely as they do to the apos- 
tolic age, and some even mixing with it, 
are of great value indeed, ns tlnv .ilTi\ the 
8Cul of antiquity on the gri ■< of 

our faith, und form an au(l' tu- 

tary on the ajmstolic writing.-. Tlicy arc, 
too, ill themaelves moat interesting com- 
|M)bitions to the biblicol scholar. Mr. 
Bickersteth has in this work one more 
claim to our respect. 

The Siege of Antverp 1 atrai/edi/. fly 
William Kennedy. ]MH, — W'v will fairly 
inform the author what we think is the 
defect of this play ; vii- that we are more 
interested in the event of the 8ieg« of 
Antwerp, and the public tran^action«, and 
the result of the plan for breaking the 
blockade, than in the character and for- 
tunea of the persons who are engaged in 
the plot on cither side. There is no one 
character of predonilnating interest ; 
none to which we attach our wiuhcs and 
interest* ; none possessing qualitJeii to 
engage and delight us — yet (iiainhelli and 
CnswMa are good fkctchea, which want 
bill little to place them in a brighter and 
fairer view. But there is no action in the 
drima, and Giambelli is only distingaiKhed 
a* the plnnn'r "f n "x-betiie to "Njitroy a 
briili' '" -no 

lic\l ."Ot 

of tlir tE^uiri mill ^ no 

cftt.istTnphe, the re-' 'th 

and Richard, of pr^ , > . ■ i ^onc 

conclui$ionit. The efl"e«;i on the whole is 
Iicrrrr. 3Tul the •tnr' Tn'>ve* St lanrnidly 

in 



yrti^ 



-n b tlie first tctat, not 



18^8.] 



the Arts. 



171 



being tiled op in the same nuinner in 
aabMqiieat parts, is a defect, and should 
be altered in another edition. 



Tke DaUy Service; a Sermon preached 
M Lkuobt'tlitH Chapel. — By the Rev. R. 
W. Browne, Jf.il.— The object of this 
diaoporae is to advise and promote the 
ree^armtioti qf the Early Service every 
monting throttghout the year in the 
Chigtel qf Lincoln' e Imi. The author ob- 
serres that it most be a matter of satis- 
&ction to all who wish to see the Church 
retvming as nearly as possible to the 



practice of the apostolic times, to know 
that this example has been set at lin- 
coln's Inn. From a treatise called Pie- 
tat Londinenti*, published early in the 
last century, it appears that there were at 
that time daily prayers in no fewer than 
71 London Churches and Chapels, ex- 
clusive of Westminster Abbey and St. 
Paul's. In the sentiments of the author 
we cordially agree, and we gladly bear 
testimony to the ability and zeal with 
which they are developed and iuforced 
in the present discourse. 



FINE ARTS. 



STAINKD OLA88. 

A stained glass window has been lately 
executed and erected in a Romish chapel at 
Oecott, near Birmingham, which is scarcely 
surpassed by any modem production of 
the kind. It contains upwards of 1 70 feet 
of glass, the whole of which is vitrified, 
and all the colours most to be admired, 
bat now seldom seen, are in great truth 
and perfection : the ruby, ultra-marine 
and maxarine blues, sea green, violet, ver- 
milljon, azure, and all the neutral and 
rare tints prevail, and are disposed 
throughout the whole work with great 
taste and harmony, equal to the best spe- 
cimens of the earliest period. 

In the centre compartment, or altar 
window, is the Virgin crowned and splen- 
didly draped, bearing the infant Jesus in 
her arms: a profusion of jewels, exqui- 
sitely imitated, decorate her crown and 
robes, and in her right hand she bears 
a sceptre surmounted with the Eastern 
star. On her right she is supported by 
St. Katharine, the patroness of all theo- 
logical and academical learning; and below 
her is St. Gregory, (in nhose papacy St. 
Augustine was first sbut to England to 
preach the Gospel,) in a kneeling posture, 
clothed in pontilicalibug, the alb, dal- 
catia, and tiara : he is supplicating the 
Vii^gin, and bears a scroll inscribed, " Oro 
pro populo ;" his pontifical crozier is in 
nis right hand, richly studded with jewels. 
On the left of the Virgin is seen a figure 
of St. Cecilia, the Romish patroness of 
all sacred and choral music, with her ap- 
propriate symbol or emblem : this figure 
Is beautifully designed and executed, and 
especially marks the artist's good taste 
and talent. Somewhat below this figure 
is seen another, of St. Thomas. ii Becket 
(the martyr of Canterbury), kneeling also 
and supplicating, with a scroll inscribed 
"interveni pro dero:" the saint is ar- 
rayed in pondtlcalibus, with his gorgeous 
xaun, pastoral ttaff, and the instrament 



of his martyrdom; the mitre and pastoral 
staff exhibit jewels that, for colour and 
painting, equal the work of Quintin Mat> 
sys. On the right and left of the whole 
are two smaller figures kneeling and sup- 
plicating : the one is a lady (the donor 
of the window), and the other her son; 
the former habited as a nun, the latter as 
a knight, both bearing their coat armour 
on their mantles or surcoats. These seven 
figures complete the subject of this com.- 
partment. The background of the whole 
is beautifully irradiated with a glory pro- 
ceeding from the figure of the Virgin, in 
alternate rays of ruby and azure ; in the 
clouds are depicted groups of angels. 

The two side windows each contain six 
figures of the twelve apostles of the 
Christian Church, with gothic pedestals 
and canopies, exquisitely designed from 
examples of the fourteenth century : each 
figure is appropriately draped, and distin- 
guished by its proper symbol of martyr- 
dom, where necessary. We have no hesi- 
tation in stating that twelve such figure* 
are not to be tnet with in any of the 
ecclesiastical windows, either at home or 
abroad. The principal figures are more 
than four feet high. 

The ante-chapel of Wadham ColUgOf 
Oxford, has been enriched with two 
splendid windows of stained glass ; and, 
judging from the specimens of some un- 
dertakings by others of modem, date, we 
are confident the artist, Mr. David Evans, 
of Shrewsbury, has, in the present in- 
stance, both in harmony of colouring,* 
tasteful execution, and brilliancy of effect, 
most successfully grappled with the finest 
works of the old masters in this ancient 
and beautiful art, and for nicety of sha- 
dow has io many points even excelled 
their best efforts. The windows contain 
three figures each, from designs by John 
Bridges, Esq. of Oxford ; a brief descrip- 
tion of which is as follows : — 

King David is clothed in a ri<:licni&« 



ly'2 



Pine Arts. 



[Aug. 



* 



I 



son robe, with n green rest, one hand 
rrslmg on n golden haq>. 

King Solomon, n fine s|itrileJ figun', 
beva in his right hand n ^rrptre, unA ju 
the left a plnn of Ihc Trni|ilr of Jcril- 
f:«leiti : he i» rind in royfil |iiirplo, liiird 
with ermine, baring a riclily dia|iiTcd 
tunic. 

Trb PRonirr Rujah, with hi* right 
hand upliftfd, in in an attitude strikingly 
expres^ivp iif llir iliiirrirli-r lie MUfitaiiied 
ns the *' Mnn of (.Jod ;" nud the fold* of 
the rion-ini; drapery of liis Idiic mnritle arc 
most taittrfiiUr niun»gcd. 

St. John tiik Baktist is represented 
in white raiment and " uiiniel'ii hair," 
over which bangs loone red drapery, lined 
with blue. la his left hand i» a wand 
forming a cross, hearing the unual f-rroll. 

St. Mauk, a venerable figure, Ixddti an 
open Gospel, wliilc the sober tint, of bin 
vestment forms a nmrkcd coulrubl with 
the rich green and red drapery of 

St. Lukr, who is in the act of attcn- 
tiTely wridng on a tablet with an ancient 
•tjle. 

Each of the liipiri-s are iiurinounted by 
canopies of exquiitite dclicucy of orna- 
ineot, and stand on pedcstalii atler that 
exubernut thongh peculiar and fantastic 
style of decoration whirh prevailed about 
the time of James the l''irst. 

The front of eaeh pedestal contains the 
armorial bearings (us Visitors of the Col- 
lege) of the following Bishops, impaled by 
those of the tec of Bath and Wells : — 

1. Ckkigiitom. £nnine, a lion nim> 
paol Azure. 

2. Mews. Paly of six Argent and 
Azure, on a chief Gules three crosa«« for- 
nixes of the Firnt. 

:i. Kk>'. Ermine, three crencenta Gales. 

4. KiDDRR. Sable, n saltire cmlwllled 
connterembattlcd Argent. 

5. ilooPKR. nyronnynfcii;hl Ermine 
and Aznre, over all a custlc Arv;ent. 

6. WvN>'E. Gules, a lion rampant 
Argent. 

lo the upper dirlsion of the windows 
are the arms of Bishop Blauon, Sable, 
three linneeU passant Emiine, with 
human faces in profile Pniper, l>rtwi-eii 
four crosses pattces in jiale Argent ; and 
of the present Bishop Law, Krntiiic, un 
a bend engrniU-d bi'twecn two cocks Gules 
three mullets Or. 

Other windows, we understand, are in 
progress by ibu same artist for this col- 
lege. 

The corporation of Ntwtnwn having 
hefh ' ' ' ' •' '• ' ''ill, it was 

der. . u( of Inst 

yeiir. .1. iiidi'd 

by llie libeml ••• -ni, 

tttrt. Mid tJtc u i iv> 




conslmct the i>arish churcb. which t/uk 
has been ably prrformed under the direc- 
tion of A. F. Livesiiy, e»t|. the iirebitcct. 
The style of urchileitture adopted is of 
the KutU'; diite as thi> original building, 
vix. IliJit in UHi' in I he latter part of the 
reign of Henry tlip Third. The church 
is lighted by a large triple window at the 
west end, with pinin lancets, and at the 
eaist end nHtli a double light window di- 
si<led by a mullioii, with he\iigonal rose 
nnit pierced i<pandrils in the iwch, being 
siioilar in rharaolerto the choir aisle win- 
dows of Westminster abbey. The fore- 
going remarks are made with the view of 
noticint; the painted glass with which the 
east window of the church has been filled. 
It was prn]ioscd last summer, when the 
church wa:< nearly completed, lo pal up 
in Ihc window a plain coloured border 
with a dove and the letters I H S in the 
nrch ; but Mr. ('. Edwyu Gwjlt, who wm 
applied to, made an oniameulol design in 
a (ttylc appropriate to the charaeter and ap- 
parent ag,v. uf tlir building, and having Ijeen 
previously informed of the probable diffi- 
enlly of procurini; funds to execute the 
same, named GU gnincas> aii a price, not 
half its real worth. This sum was stilt 
thought more llian was likely to be raised, 
and it was therefore then agreed that n 
mi>dified design should be eAceutcd for 4U 
guineas. 

Mr. C. E. G. bos made the early En- 
glish style his favourite study : pursuing 
the subject with the feelings of an ama- 
teur, the desire of producing r revival of 
an ancient and bcMutiful xlyle of art 
caused him to throw aside pernniary con- 
siderations, nnd he hns romplittcd, at his 
own risk, nn eUlMirute but olinstr window, 
which, ot a nuKUrale cstimiite, is worth 
l.'iit guineas. 

The two light.ii are enrh 9 ft. 6j inc. 
wide by U> ft. U», inr, high, .vidnre Ailed 
with traeerv pjittrrns with i-nlourcd roM» 

and It ' - '* — ■ -' in- 

trotl' I he 



pritJ 



l,y a 

In the first 



marginal tx>rdrr ot tr.icery. 
division of tlie («o light* clie following 
inscription is introdnced : " This painird 
glu9s, in the national style of the I3(h 
century, \\ ' ' y aub^.Tijitiim, hut- 

cessfnlly ; '■■\- A. F. 1.iv>'>»av, 

es'j. aud >- .I'.d and rxrcnlcd by 

C. E. GwiLT IM.17.H." In the second 
divisions of both lipbtr are the tracery 
patterns above ' In the thii^ 

division of the I i <.' the arms of 

the... ; ' -• „,», 

oil I i >.lllt 

Or. in 

the I ltd 



1838] 



Jlwf Arts. 



173 



flax of lite (ttir<t, tUe moito " S. conintis 

(rontMHNifatui lie FrcachuTtUe <le Lik 

I rfr M'jrht," U introiiuu-d a« a borilcr tu 

lb« pAtU'rn or titi' frhielil. Tttr^e ariiii 

- ■ ' ' - ■ : : ■ ■ 'cllllv) 1(1 <i'conl 

"lul I lie cud ul' 
_ , , ■ ucli, whouiiiler 

I cof or o\ night snrpriKeil and took the 
(lUcT : from which, however, they wero 
mnii • licat. The rc&l m«fan- 

Ui^ - thtfrft toicn. Oa 

R li '' ills ji) the sfcnn<l 

lieJii ■>f Viirborough, 

*it. , ire, three pfli- 

rans Arg. Pcllia.iti, J and .< (iuIcA, two 
brIU creel, bucUlcs, fciruled aud friugc 
Or, — tUe moltn " Nee ttrinerc iikc. timiile." 
Brlow (hcM iwii ('.o'lta uf Mrms is another 
ditiaion of Lnii-«ry in each light. In the 
fifth divininn of the tirsl tight, tlie arms 
nf I^dy Simeon's father, the late Sir 
Fltswiiliam Barriugtoo, arc introduced, 
TU. qaartcrly 1. Argent, threxj chevronels 
OiiJ«(, a label of three points Azure, Bar- 
ringtOD, 2. Party per pale Or and Sable, 
a toltirc engrailed Couiiterchnngrd, I'ole, 
1. the arm* of England and France (|uar- 
trrly, Flautiiganet, A. (iulcs, a ^altire Ar- 
pcnt, a lahel of three points Ar^nt and 
\tare, Neville, — the motto "Toutungdu- 
r«n« mc tie." (>i« a level with this coat 
in thr Hrcand liji;ht arc the arms of the 
Hon. Willium Henry A'Court Holmes, 
Yi». i|iurtcrly, I and -l. H:irry wavy of t.\x 
Or aud Azure, on a cauti>n GuJes, a lion 
royal Or, in chief a rose Gules, HolmeB, 
'I ODtl 't. I'aly of six Or and Ajiure, each 
metal charged with three Ermineai, on a 
cbkf of the first ao eagle Sable, debruisod 
by two elie»runeli AfKent, A'Court. The 
*ixt)> anil lust divitton uf each light is 
the prinripal tracery rose ])attcm repeated. 
Tlie hetuft"'!^ rose in the crown of the 
arch, which is ;l ft. I inc. in diameter, 
and three gpanrlrils, are filled with tracery 
of eorrcsponiling charncler to that in the 
lighU below. 

The ghui ii worked as well as designed 
io aeconliff ■• '"'i' .iH.i.nt i-t uiipleiiiandit 
iPtAllediii lies, which 

niiike .1 n. ^ ully bring 

out the^ pjitUfiii. : tin: trati:iy is in thick 
outline, neiirly opatiue, the >vhoIe being 
•ccuTrly barut in. The eotouicd ]>ortion5 
are tronaporent [xjt metui, flatbed gloss, 

of (p'cat merit huvc been lately 
. with the colours gemi-trans- 
(Mfcut, or burnt on the svirfacr of white 
glaM : bn( for the iniitntion of ancient 
I "at colours are cer- 
tair ict — tho ruby red ijt 

tt< 

I of many hun- 
ili-c ^ joined with lead, 




so arranged that it forms part of tlie de^ 
si);n : thiii, it is presumed. iiauad«.\nlAi;e 
over the modern syiitciii of glas:; painting 
oti the score of strength and .s^rtirity, for 
should the glosti receive a blow hy » «tonu 
or otherwise, a small piece or fraction 
only is ilestroyed, und which can he easily 
replaced, whereaji in the modern system, 
which arc very large pieces, should the 
MiRie receive a blow, the chance is that 
the work it entirely destroyed. 

When only a third of the window was 
fixed at the consecration of (lie church, 
high encomiums were bestowed upon it, 
cspeuially by the Bishop of Winchester, 
who desired to be introduced lo the nrlist. 
And we nre gralified in bring nliiti lo state 
that in cousecinencc of the execution of 
Ihe present window, Mr. Gwilt received a 
commuud to execute others for a chii|>el 
in th« church of Calbourne on the island. 



6111 ciiAULM cooTK's ncruats. 

AIaj/9,Hi, 11. The sole uf the splendid 
collection of (he works of the old niiistcrs, 
the property of Sir Charles Coote, took 
iilure lit the Koyul hinh ]ii8ti(u(ioii, Dub- 
lin. Tin,' picdires were disposed of at 
tiiiusuully low prices. Albutto's Cupid 
sold only for 'M guineas, and (he works 
of Vandyrk, Heiidckocter und Cuyp, of 
Foiissiii iiiul Puul I'otter, i<n»rcely ave- 
raged 111/, each. The works of several 
artists of lesser note went fiir beneath 
their intrinsic value. The hiboiirs of 
Salvator Kosu, Ostiidc, Murillo, Wat- 
tcnu, were never before no badly CMti- 
mated. The Nativity, by Mcirillo, which 
Air. Harrington purch;ised a few years 
since in London, for r>2/. wb.s knocked 
down for 19 guineas. Guido's Magdalen, 
produced a low price. Hobbinia's, AU 
biiiio's, and Teniers's works went at re- 
duced sums also, 



I'OBTjiArr or giii josiil'a iiEWoi.ua. 

Asu part c)f the moveables belonging to 
the late corporation of I'lymptoii, which 
have, oceording to tlic new regulation of 
such bodies, been " sold up," wu find the 
following iiiinuunccmcnt in a catalogue of 
ftlesirs. Christie and Manson :— " y>ir J. 
Kcynulds. 173. His own (wrlnkit. Thiri 
picture sva-'* presented by him to the cor- 
]>onition of I'lyiniiton when he was elected 
mayor of that borough. The picture has 
hung ill the dlning-rtKim of the niayoralty 
house at I'lyiiipton ever ^ince the receipt 
of it until the present time, and is now 
sold by order of the mayor and corjiora. 
tion." !iic IramtU i/hria mnndi. The 
(iiie arts must be at h low ebb at Pl/inp- 
toot! 



I 
I 



LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. 



HEW PUBLICATIONB. 
Hinlory and Diograph]/. 

An loquiry into the History and Th«o. 
uf the Aucietit Vnllencfs and A.lbi- 
anses. By thoRev. G. S. Faoua. ISmo. 
12*. 

Historical Records of the British Army. 
— Tht< Second Regiment of Foot, or 
Qurcn'« RnynU. Hro. H#. — Fifth Regimeitt 
of Foot.orNorthamberhiDd Fusiliers, livo. 
8#. — Eighty-eighth Regiment of Foot, or 
Coiinaught Rangers. 8tq. 8*. 

Life of the late Thomas Telford, Esq. 
4to. sud folio plAtes, H/. K«. 

Remains of the Intc Lord Vi«count Roy. 
■ton. By theRpr. FI. Pitrvs. Hto. 1K». 

Memoirs of the Musical Draitm. Uy 
G. llnciARTK, '.*to1b. '.V.#. 

A View of the Silver Coinage of Great 
Bntaiti, from \(X'l to WtAl (inclutling 
tboM of Scotland from lbfi8 to 1707). By 
GkORGE MAa«H.M.L. Hvo. V2*, 



MM 
II 



Svo. 

Hvo 

By Eli 



By R. C 



Tittvelt, Topuj/rnpfty, and ArchiUcture. 
A Narrative of the Expedition in H.M.S. 
Terror, on the Arctic Shores, in IHJU-T. 
By Capt. Back, R.N. 8vo. 3\t. 
The Americao in Paris. ^ vols, post Hvo. 

Germiiny^ the Spirit of her History, 
Literature, Social Condition, and National 
Economy. By BisaisT Hawkims, M.D. 
F.R.S. i-iro. 

Imagery of Foreign Travels. By M Ajoa 
Sheukr. Fust 8vo. 9«. Gd. 

China opened, by theRev.C.Gi'TrLAnr, 
2 vols. Post Hvo. 

Tlirte Months' Leave. ByW.G. Rosa, 
esq. Post Hvo. 10«. 6i/. 

The Clookmaker, or the Sayings and 
Doings of Saumd Slick, of Slickville. 
Second Scries. 

Proit'b Monmoiilbihlrc Castles. Imp, 

The Gem of the Peak ; or Matlock Bath, 
irod iu Vidnity. By W. Adam. l3mo, 
.>«. 6d. 

Novtl. 

The Glanvllle Family. Uy a Lady of 
Rank. .1 vols, post 8vo, jU, i'td, 

POflry, 

The Odes uf ildracc, ilUutrated by P4- 
lallrl P-tnTsiTPn fr-im the Greek, Roinoii, 
V By the Rev. J. 

1 Dr. W. |ir 



The Seraphim, and other Poems, _^ 
Elizabkth B. BAnRKTT, nuthore«s of a 
Translation of Prometheus Bound. 

A Cry from the Dpprest. and ot 
Poems. By Maria .\. MiLor 

Poems. By JOUN Kjsnyon. 

Poems on several OccasioMi;. 
Marv Hamilton, liinio. 5*. 

The Burning of Moscow. 
Chater. 4to. 5». 

Dmnitjf. I 

Sermons by the late John Marriott, 
edited by his Sons. )^vo. ID*, ild. 

Sermons. By the Rev. J.C. Millr: 
Bvo. 10». bU. 

Sermons oa the Tcniptotioa of C! 
By the Rev. £. Sconai,!.. I'^^mo. Ai. 

Sermons preached in St. George's uluii 
AlbcDinrlc-iilreet. By the Rirv. W. 
Ellis. Hvo. 10*. 6d. 

Sermons for Families. By the Rev. 
TuoMPMON. Wvo. ll>#, bd. 

Prophecies, Types, and Miracles. B; 
the same, Hvo. \t)», bd. 

The Authority of Tradition in Matt< 
of Religion, by the Scripture Notions 111 
Proofs. By C. Caulvon, M.U. H 
iO«. bd. 

MedicT»t. 



I 
I 




Mcdico-Chiriirgicnl Transactionii, p« 
lishctl by the Royul Mcdicol nud Chiru^ 

fical Society uf London. Vol. zxi. i^Tti 
at. 
Dr. S. Liitkll's Manual of the Dii 
■luos of the Eur, revised by H. lIotisTOlj 
fcnp. 8vo. 5». 

CUnicnl Lectures on Cumpoond Fr 
tares of the Extremities, \c. By O. 
GfTBMIB, F.R.S. Bvo. 

Treatise on HwpiiiK Cough. By Plor 
Mcdica ; or a Botitniiuil Account of all 
most remarkable Plants applied to Medici 
Practjcc. By J. LiNnLav, Ph.D. 
8vo. IK*. 

Natural Hittory, if e. 

The Doctrine of the Deluge, vindicatiii 



th^ - ...... «vo 

A Monograph of the Anatidie, or Puc 
Xrtbe : with .M pblen. UyT. C Evni 

CM), itit. At. 

V. • '■ ■: •• , ■-■ ■ 



B 



LMiOscaiH! Lyridi. By W. As<dkm«ji. ti- 



4tv. ili*. 



fc. 



Bf U. i'AlTUUC 




I 



from the Dtanr of » llimtj- 
sun. ByTnoMAS Smith, es<|. >*vo. '^1*. 

f\ae Art*. 

Pnlntinz, -'nJ tLc Fide \rt8 ; b«ng the 

, coutrthutcd to 

-•. KturyclopjEilin 

Urtt*3iiii' 1 15)1' i;. t( Avnti>, esq. and 

'WtuiAM IIailitt, tv\. ISnio. 

TTie Committer of The Chrislinn In- 
fluence Society announced that thf Rer. 
Dr. Dr»ltry onil the Rev. Professor Scbole- 
'ftflil haTe •<l>inlfi:r>1 the pri/r iif two hun- 
' ■• vW. Wil- 
n\, as the 
„ , , ■.• ^ I'" *h<' I^"- 

tiex Mies of Chrlstii\ns in 

the ' uT ClasstH of Society 

In this IJouiiify, iu regard to the Employ- 
ment Iif their Time, Substance, Inliuence, 
Mental Attaioincuts, and nil other Tnlentii, 
in forwirding suitable Plans for the Spi- 

Titn!«' '■•- • ■■" "•"' MfBcfit of those 

Imt^' 'V Subjects who 

trr ! TL Darkness and 

In t uf the Shadow nf Death, 

will: espcciallv to the lustru- 

ment.ilit', ui (lir Established f'hurch ; and 
to mch tnei«nres, of itri tnliri^ed and com- 
pr«hea*ire character, as ihaU be pointed 
out in the Essay, for the uttainment of 
thr desired end." 

Dr. Thnmaii Foriter, who is just rc- 
twTiei) frdni sn eTten«ivc tonr in Earope, 
f« n r . ; ; . for a work iu 

■whi liilic an account 

Or 1 latBrus- 

wli 'I <' , . 'k OD biin 

on the tuiiji'i^t ol C rtiiclary Influence; 
knd » *hr>rt f*hilo«o|)hicnl Rom.incc in 
thi- I ' ■ , entitled Ijo VUivne 

Ml' lie of which is placed 

in J ■• " lie haa 

al»< >{ hin late 

full II as having 

«i;f4iiii|wtiird liiiu lur ue*rl> nine years 
In hi* four in F.ofope. 

^T I Bartelloni hai lately 

pul the third volume of 

hi? lun of Mr. Sharon 

Til 1 jtory of the World. 

Hi» tries were the tranala- 

tionw iif liw tiriil volume of the Kn^^lish 
irtlrlr. The eopy of hi^ thifl. which h»(^ 



UNIVKRSITIF.S. 

OJtfnrd. — The following «uhjecti are 
proposed for the Chnnccllor's Fritet for 
the msuing year, tij. : — 

For Latin Verse — [' Marcus Atiliug 
Re^ilni Adem hoittibua solvit." 

For nn English Essay — *' TheCLtssical 
Tavte and Cliaracter compared witli the 
Romantic." 

I'or a Latin Eway — " QuRnstn aint 
erga Rempublienm Acadirmiie officia.'" 

Sir Roger Ni ' ' Prize, English 
Ver-ie — " Saljci Kanta." 

Mrs, Dcayti-. 1 H,;i-al Prizes — 

"On tUc Justifteation of Man before 
God only by Chhist, proving also that 
true Faith must be accoinpanied with 
Good Works." 

" On the Necessity of the Two Sacra- 
ments retained in the Church of England, 
and that they only are necessary to be 
retained." 

Vambridge. — Sir William Browne's 
Medals have been adjudged as follows : — 

liAtin Ode — Edward Bnlston, Kin^^'s 
College. Subject — " Acaderaia Cantabri- 
giensis Repinie Victoriie solium avitum 
conaceudanti i^ratalatar." 

Greek and Latin Epi^ams — Philip 
Freeman, Trinity College. For the Greek 
Epigrams — *fo»Ti(irTir ixirittftf. 

For the Latin Epigram — " Sni amans 
sine rivali." 

Greek Ode. — Not adjudged. 

By advertisement, premiums arc offered 
for a Memoir of the Founders of St. 
John's College, in this University, to bo 
awarded ne.\t November ; and for an 
Essay on the Obligations of Literature to 
the Mothers of England, to be awarded 
in Nov. 1K39. 

IjmilQn. — A stop has been put to all 
business in the medical department of 
the Loniiun University, by the noraina* 
tion of Dr. James Somerville to a sent in 
the Senate. His appointment was made 
by Lord J. Rus.sell. iit the instigation of 
Mr. Worburton, without any communica- 
tion either with Lortl Barlington, the 
Chancellor of the University, or with 
other membera of the Senate ; and this 
proceeding, which, under any cireum- 
stnncen, rould not fnil to be recffirded as 



1 



with the 

..rk. 

uuc»i professor 

<>?, is preparing 

Traiuuation of 



dcavoured to (dttce his nominee in Utc 
subordinate situation of Registrar, Uie 
proposal was met with an opjvosition so 
general and determined, on the part of ius 
colicttgues, a& lo cotn^cX \\\xa,\«iu'«nw 



176 



Literary and Sckntific InielUgenee. 



reluctantly, to abandon the ntteiuiit. It 
kos itut been found jiossible to asei-mblc n 
qnorum of the. ni«diral fomwittep »ince 
the 'i4th of A]>ril last. The committee 
luis isint'e b«en dissolved, nnd IcClcr.t have 
been addressed to the ci-ilernnt mcnihers. 
in(|uii-in); whether they will conKent to 
act if re-elected, An^wets have been 
alrendy rereived'from many of them, to 
the clfect that the iimne circuingtance 
which ha:» recently prevented them from 
ntteiuliui^, would, if it continued, still 
rqunlly indace them to nbgcnt thenisclves 
even if re-elected. An excellent letter 
wsa sent to Lord Burlington by Dr. 
Ruget, and a most spirited remoDBtniDce 
by Dr. Loco4:k. 



PUBLIC SCHOOLS. 

St. Pan/'*.— On the IGth of May, at 
the annual apposition, prizes were award- 
ed for Greek trimeter iambic verses on the 
subject " Divus I'huIus vipcram cxcutit," 
to Harriott ; and fur Latin hexameter line.<i 
nn " Marc Atlanlicum " to Webb. The 
High Master'* prize for nn essay, on the 
tiubjeet •• Artihus ct Sricntiis in Hritan- 
niam illatin, libertiilis diininum uonipcit- 
Mvit Agrieola," wna assigned Co Stoketi. 
Several passogCH from eln^sieul authorH, 
chieHy (liologne«, were afterwards recited 
by the senior scholars. 

Merchant -Tayliirt'. — On the election 
dny, June II, for the first time for nine- 
teen yc.nr«, there -was uo vacancy at St. 
JiihnV ndlege, Oxford. After the deli- 
very of the orutiouc, prizes were presented 
to H. L. .Manuel, for the br»t composi- 
tion in English ver«e ; to E, Venables, ['. 
I'arnell, nnd T. .Spink*, for prolleicney in 
rlns.>»ics nnd mafhrnintic.) ; nnd to L.J. 
UernayD, for proficiency in luathemutics ; 
U well as to M'vernI of the junior boys. 

Rugby, — In Gonforniity with a regula- 
tion introduced for the iirst time this 
year, the recitation of the prize eompoM- 
tions took place on the loth June, iuatuid 
of, oa hcrelofiire, on the \Veiliic.<diiy «if 
Easter week. The following is a lii|t of 
the MUl-ceisful candidates : — 

Doxat — Latin iijisay. " Quem rrruni 
(latum, (inules populi mores, <|uam fclix 
literiirum et scientiR atudium, (icoririas 
Tertiua Urilniinie rex priiuo priucipatus 
fttiuo invenerit." 

Ewart — Latin Verne. " Carulus Quin- 
tus traperio »c nbdicat." 

Tickcll — Greek Verse. " K#»(Ta^ 3»Xe. 

Rwurt— Rnirlii*h I's^ay. " On thn In- 
ri 'I < .iLioil, 



Fiftli Form — Arnold, Miy. — Latio 
Verse. '' l)ist<ipatie religiosormn sorio- 
tates, direptie douuin." 

Uarmv, — The «peeclic« were delivered 
to a numerous a.-<scniblage of visitors; 
di.^tinguislifd fur rank as well as Icarnigg 
on the Ith of July. Tiiey were, as usua 
extracts from various authors, nncicni 
and modern, in Greek. Latin, and En 
gli^■h, interspersed with piiie eompo»i'> 
tiona. The latter were recited in thfl 
following order : — 

1. The Latin oration for "the Pea 
Medal" (3 magaiticeDt fiAA vavxlaXfM 
founded by Sir Robert Peeli, by G. U. W.i 
Ommanncy, son of Sir Francis Omman* 
ney, one of the two successful randidatci 
for seholarahips at the prccedint; Kajite 
examination. Subject — " In Perieleia,! 
pestilcntiie vi interemptum, Oratio Fune* 
bria." 

2. An Alcaic ode for the " Governor** 
Prize," by J. B. Hlackett.— " C. Cilnium 
MKcenatem, fato sibi crcptum, deflet Q. 
lloratius Flaceus, paueorum menaiitnd 
spatio superstcs illi futoros." 

'.i. A Tmnslntion into Greek iambics,! 
for the "Governor's Priie," by Georg 
Butler. Subject — " Tituin'* a rr4Don-l 
strancc with her F.iiry King Consort,! 
Obeion, from the Midsummer Night's 
Uit.im, Act II. Scene II." 

•1. A Tmnslnlion into Greek prose, fori 
the " lliij* Prize," from " Lord Baenn'sl 
Advancement of Lcaruini;," by Wm,/ 
Millti, son of Frederick MillK, Esq., ofl 
the Home driLirtment. The prize liadl 
this year been founded by Alex. J. Be* 
resford Hope, E»<|. of Trinity Co1Ice«] 
Cambridge (son of the Viscountess Uere«. 
ford), out of the proceed)* uf 11 foiindntion-l 
8chalnr.-<hip gained by him last yctr, whea ' 
on Hie )Mjint of <|uiltiug Harrow for the 
university. 

From the upccrh-niom U}c company 
proceeded in a body to the (|tc>t selecleill 
lor the site of n Chapel, to lie built by] 
C K. Cockcrell. Ev). the archiu-et by I 
Mho^D prolVji.><ionnl taste and skill. snotdJ 

twenty years n i..- ., i.,..,i i...,i.t,..|nr wa«.| 

much eitlargi'i pre* 

sent niate of ' < . nui|( 

omln^llishmenl. Thu gmuud iiad ltc<^u trS' 

cuvated in the form of an «mphitbo»lrf-, 1 

III accomnioilate the u'l . 

number of special ors. A 

of prayer, pic]'.".! •■■r 1 

rftad by the 

worlli, the •■•. i 

of lite school. '- tti iiie>trr 

the V,»r\ of ' '.f i.f the 

TCI 

H'. 

laiU 



1836.] 



Litrrarjf and Scimti/c InteUigenfe. 



17 f 



tovinS inacription, on n gildrd bri<4 

UEORUIVS . C011E9 . O E . AnHttP KKV. 

I* nan . gviyriL . a . • ciaocccxxwiii. 

rv!m» . ciacvMsTAXTivM . rnEtiBvji 

AB . ntvu . optiuru . maximym 

Ttl . OOBFTA . J-KOSPRHAnCT 

•ACKILI 

VCBOtJlB . RARAOVTVjrSIS 

riKTATi . roVCNDAK 

DRSTISATI 

lAPISIM . AVSFICALEM 

STATVIT. 

ip I ben addressed the as- 

ilarlylhe boys ol" the school) 

-.1 force and elegance, 

irnfrp'xivo hv ifs dig- 

•V the 

i'»und 

■ .1 » nil [iL 11 1 ■, -MM|.iiiliy in 

-•ottcn feelings of bis jurc- 



T 
■r 
in 
en 



• the e*tim- 

liAve given 

'^:i, require J to 

British Museuui 

•Mitioii the eollec- 



tiou a{ Eiruscau Atitiquicies belonging to 
8!f nor C'Ampiiraiu ; itAmcly, GOO/. The 

itorrhui* U founded on a report, made in 
'nnr, lK37i of which the following is a 

pjir'- - 

I M lays before the Trustees 
▼icir of one of the amrco- 
>'>r Campiinari, and n pencil 
I'her, together with a cata- 
luiite of the value 
'[; by CampanAri 
■iir iidlention is «X- 
We httve sculptured 
/ , nnoand in terra cofta 
of rery large dioiensions, illustrating the 
cojtflmr »nd the <>tate of the art* at the 
per : may be, in which the 

to: We have arms, im- 

ji!. '1-; of bronze, res.iels 

of ''1. nnd iTory, oma- 

Hi' 'y '■C'rked m gold ; all 

{<■« r, and showing to a certain 

d- V of art^ and uiaaufiicturea 

in !lie same periotl. 

T' iiga are al«o eit- 

ticuiTiy • •IM..1H1, uu'i me whole together 
p»e a Tcrj dt-ar idea of the mode of sculp- 
ture ai;i-'ri;;-l a people \rhosi; history it a 
«u '>' deep interest at this mo- 

' the archeeologiHts of Eii- 
._■• ot the i' 
il interest 

.-on- 
- ■; col- 
V creal lo the Muaetnu ■ il« 
, ,. Vol, X. 



ae<jni«Jtion would confer an additional 
T«lue and infcrc»l nj)On the vases and gol J 
ornaments we already poi^scss, ahewing 
the nature of the ploi-es and circumstances 
where they are generally found, and (he 
con' — ' — v'-ius state of the arts in vari- 
ou- Such s:ireophagi are ex. 

tfei. 11 any country; the British 

Museum does not ]}Oii6egs one ; the sculp- 
tures with which they are adorned furnish 
an interesting link in the history of the 
.schools of different nations, and supply a 
great deficiency in the Museum series of 
ancient monuments. The pecuniary value 
it is very ditficult to ascertain, as no si- 
milar objects have ever b«en brought to 
sale in this conntry- It is possible that 
half what is a«ked ( 1,. 900/.) would be ac- 
eepted, and Mr. Hawkins cannot thiak 
sncb a sum too much for objects bo singu- 
larly interesting and rare." 

Another grant hos been made for the 
purchaBC of Mr. Mantell's collection of 
Fossil Remain;*, on which the folioning 
opinion wa.s given by the most influential 
member? of the Geological Society, in a 
memorial presented to the Trustees : 

"The collection of rocks and fossil* 
belonging to Mr. Mantell, and lately ex- 
hibited in the rooms of the Sussex Scien- 
tific and Literary Institntionat Brighton, 
ronsisti of between 20,fHM) and 30,000 
spccimeus, acquired during the lost twenty 
years, chiefly from Kent, Surrey, and 
Sussex, and particularly ada}iteil to eluci- 
date the physical structure and fossil or- 
ganic remains of those counties. The 
specimens are inch a* the mere industry 
of an unscientific collector, however great 
his zeal and pecuniary resource*, could 
never have assembled together. The os- 
teological remains, for example, procured 
from the Wealdon strata, consist in great 
part of the relics of a variety of large 
saurians, of which the bones were scat- 
tered far and wide through the rockx, few 
of those belonging to the same spcciei) be- 
ing fuuud in one spot. To re-unite these 
into a whole, and to refer to each skeleton 
the parts which once belonged to it, with- 
out confounding the different species to- 
gether, wa.s a ttti)i. demanding no common 
degree of .ikill, reflection and judgment, 
and B]i intimate knowledge of the lawa 
governing the analogieit of structure, and 
the relations of the diflferent genera of 
vertebrated animals. For the aucccsa 
with which Mr. Mantell applied his 
knowledge of comparative anatomy and 
' ' ' , in followiii " ■' ■ in- 

. ' council 1 1 , ical 

., , 1. J to him, ill J .- Wol- 

laston gold medal. Another portion of 
this great collection, which i» no Ib«% 
niiiiiue, relates l& ttvc "EiTk^VaV t\ui!«.. -, «xA, 
IK 



i 



msk 



I 
I 



Literary and Scientific Intellujence. 



178 



unong the rarious cImbcs of fossils pro- 
cured from this rock nre sjtepiuieiis of 
foBnil fishes, of the greatest interest, and 
quito unriTnllcd. The citraordinary »tate 
oftlicir jireservnlion conid only have been 
brought to light, by the skill -vrhich Mr. 
Mantcll \\M acquired by long experience 
in the dissection, if it may be so termed, 
of foMils from amidst the matrix that con- 
ceal* ihem. It waa necpssary most care- 
fully to remove the chalk by dclicnte in- 
stntDieiit.i, and by applying much time 
and labour, as well aa anatomical know- 
ledge to the task. Not only the bones 
mid scalcii, but in some instances even 
the skin or capsule of the eye, and the 
niembrane* of the stomach, arc Jtill prc- 
nervcd. 

' ' The scientific value of these speciinenii 
has olfio been greatly enhanced by the la- 
bour bestowed on them by M. Agassiz, 
the celebrated ichthyologist, «lio has 
studied them with care, and accurately 
determined the character of every speci- 
men. The same author has devoted 
twenty folio plates to the illustration of 
tlirse chalk fossils from IVIr. Mantell's 
rolleetion, in his work entitled ' Recher- 
ches sur les Poiasons Fossiles.' We 
earnestly hope that the Trustees will a-vail 
them<ielves of the opportunity now 
olfercd them of purchosiing thij collection, 
b«ing fully assured that the acquisition of 
these treasures by onr great national niu- 
seoni would tend essentially to advance 
the progress of geology, pnleEOnt<i]ogy, 
and other branches of natural history. 
(Signed) Charles Lycll, Ph-drcy Egerton, 
Cole, Win. Hunry Fitton, Richard Owen, 
Woodbine Parish, F. Chantrey, Rod. I. 
Murchison, M'm. Buoklnnd, Northamp- 
ton, Samuel Turner, Adam Sedgwick. 

INSTITUTB OF PR1TIRII AMCIIITKCTB. 

•/«««■ '2.>, 1', F. UoMiisou, V.I', in the 
chair. In consequence nf n w^^h of the 
rounoil to j>osse.«« a bust of Her Majesty 
the Patroness of the Inotitute, it was an- 
nounced that the President Lord de Grey 
had written to the Marquis •>fL)in>dowtie, 
eTpressint! the ■ ■>"'■:! request of the 
ronnc-il that II Aould allim ofn 

MdingloMr. I -I'lilptor. ntid re- 

qupstiiig his Lor<l.i)ii|> tu lay before her 
!\l»jr<)ty the dutiful wikIipb of (lie Iritititutr. 
ThiM l«:(ter,nndtln.-rL-|>U-,wusn"ml, iitHhich 
the noble Marquis xdited tliil lIcrMjyci- 
ly had received the intimation most 
grarioHiily, and kindly pronii«<Ml to sit to 
the above genllrmnu : Iml .i~ MrrMnjetty 
had already f\\'*'\\ b' ■ Sir Pmn- 

eig rhnntny fur A - i, it would 

Li I \ iiii ii .iiM«i (be preee- 



.t. .1 



[Aug. 




seaflblding ttsed by him in the fmetioii •] 
of the Devotiport Column, and explained 
its construction. 

Mr. Griffiths continued his course of 
lectures on chemistry. 

Jvttf 9. Mr. Robinson in the chair. 
An announcement wati made of a legacy 
of SCO/, which bad been bequeathed by 
Mrs. .\cton, in confnnnity with the wishes 
of her late husband, to the -Society for the 
Encouragement of Arts, for the puqjose 
nf encouraging architectural studien ; the 
Society bad, in consequence, offered a 
gold medal for an e«say on " constructive 
carpentry." In each alternate year civil 
and iiavid carpentry were to be the subjects 
for which it wnuld be awarded, k bill 
constituting an incorporated company for 
the improvement of Westminster was laid 
onthe table, and several specimens of stoue 
from the Heddon Quarries, which supplied 
the materiol for the Roman wall m well as 
for many ancient and modem buildings at 
Newcastle and elsewhere. 

Mr. Donaldson, Hon. Sec, read an ab- 
stract of the contents of the three num- 
bers already publiiihed of the proceedings 
of the ArcliKological Society of Athens, 
which had been translated from the modem 
Greek by Col. Leake, tlie well known 
author of various works on the antiquities 
of Greece. The work contains an ab- 
stract of the proceedings adopted by the 
Government for the discovery and prt<«er- 
vntion of the natianal antiquities ; it de- 
tails the excavations made, and records 
the discoveries. In excavations made 
in the neitjbbourhood of the Parthenon, 
many portions of the celebrnti-d friete 
whieh are wanting in the Museum col- 
leclioo have been brought to light, par- 
ticularly n part of the eastern |>or- 
tion, wliich would occur between Noa. 
IH and I'tuftlie British Museum; another 
portion, representing men in long gar- 
ments, leading oxen, and appearing to he 
the second stom; of the Northern freixc 
following Nil. 31 of the Museum, and 
four other portions containing; chariolit, 
one of wlitcb was a quadriea. At the 

end of lM.1.3, .M<" ' ' ' ! • ires, 

and fourteen \'\ ihe 

Ixini^ war, bad ' '14, 

the excaviitions made to the north »i the 
Pineus brouEht to light inriimn «rpul. 



ehrnl remains. 'ITie reiim 


ilie 


Parlhi'non and Thc^einn 


'"g; 


in (1- ' "^- > .-.1 >i- 


'. Is 


rcn<! 


the 


rem 


h. 


A •ci;i)tid nirkiillic! i . 


• en 


placed at Hn'-nrlypfr 


Iteil 


to IT '' 


m- 


pir 


ind 


1, Hi. . 


.M ..t the 




Lkerary and Scientific Intclliencc. 




AnexcaTitliou litis been made 
■^'-' side of Ihe Pnrthenon, 
■■• -a to the original rock ; 

h; > J many fragment!! of th« 

f0tiii<.r iWiii'.ifju, desCroyed by the I'cr- 
•biiK, iinJ which hul been ii8«J iu form- 
ing tile foundation of tlic prcscut slnic- 
turc in its re-crection by Ptriclcs. The 
rf... -..i..!,^ -,t ii... iv..,.vi. j.,|, prodticeil 
ti nuist ciiiire, 

e '■ ':iJi Museum. 

Uetwucii Ot.tulit:r I's.l.i oiiil lU.'iG thi; 
oortb'Wrtt aideofthat structure irasclenred 
of its modern matonry, and f<tpps were 
discovrrtd. In 1W7 the Krvcthpion was 
ed, Aod portions rebuilt, reudered dc- 
Ary in consequence of the altt-rationtj 
c in its structure on the conversion of 
the trmple to' the purposes of a church. 
The fifth Carintide was discorered, which 
bH!i hitherto beeu supposed to be contained 
in the Var.i<'aii, proving the xtatuc iit that 
cQUMcum to have bclouged to some other 
building ; it was broken into pieces, and 
Ute whole has sot yet been found. Two 
the culumni) of the weatern portico 

ire also been erected, and ah erroneous 
opuion of Stuart on tbc level of the 
ancient floor has been corrected. A 
carious discovery of an entn«is existini; on 
the floor of the portico of the Erecthcum 
wu aotitred.and it was remarked that the 
convrxity of Uie ground wa» met by a cor- 
r«s[K*nding concaiity iu the architrave. 
Mr. Donaldson colled the attention of the 
■tad«Dt5 of Greek architecture to thii 
feature, and also remarked tliat from ad- 
meASurvmcnts of the columns of Grecian 
temples hr bad ascertained that the axes 
of culumuu in the flanks were not iitrictly 
Mqicudicular. an arrangement which un- 
uoubtediy held gome connexion with the 
enl«)>i<i. 

Mr. Griffith- ■ ■ - v,i «iti, i,ij geriei 

of lrc-turc» on 

Julyli. I , y, President, in 

the chair. A letter was read by his lord* 
•hip from Col. M'Lean, Itritish Resident 
at the Court of the Ilajah of Tmijore, 
nccompojiying several drawings and plans 
mode by order of the Rajnh, of ancient 
bnildtugs in his dominion^. A Map of 
the island of Sheevas Moudxani.by a nntive 
artist, rxcited great attention. This island 
was k sacred spot, and contains various 

Eagodos, with a religious community of 
irohuiaus. A letter was also read from 

tl,.. 1- ,1. ..... :. . 1 : .1 ..,l5^ ti, t|,e 

III I'Krliiitlrtrs 

o( ' ^ I : one of 

Ihrse, the puRodn nn the fort oi Tnnjore, 
ap|mtrH hv i"<(-riptioii» on its base, to 
hiT ' .ibout oV'j! ycors ajyo, 

i^ 'I the consent of the 

liuuLuvi: !>• >Mii< iitlly Iu llic Rajah in 




reply, and also to allade to the ingcnion 
artist who had made the plan, who, 
though his name was unknown, was high] 
eulogized hy the noble chairnaon as 
iutelligt'ut and wortliy man. 

Mr. Donaldson described u drawing of 
a Turkish Uatb at Bergaino, and illus- 
trated it with a plan of the Bath of Cura. 
calla. His object was to shew that the' 
oiu-icnt Roman system of bathing existed 
without chnngr, either iu the manner of 
administering or in the construction of 
the requisite buildings, in the Turkish 
dominions at the present time. 

Mr. GrifStlis concluded his course of 
lectures ou chemistry. 

The noble President proceeded to take 
a retrospect of the proceedings of the In- 
stitute during the season. He s|>oke witlt-i 
feelings of satisfuvtion ou its improved] 
state, and the degree of consequence and.l 
respect it was attaining. He urged tho i 
members to active exertion with the view 
of raising the Institute to the highest 
degree of cxccUcnec. His lordship an- 
nounced that a negotiation had been com- 
menced with the Architectural Society for 
the union of the two bodies, and he had 
the warmest hopes tlint an event so desir- 
able would take place before the ensuing 
session. Ou his vacating the chair, a vote • 
of thanks by acclamation was carried ; to 
which his lordship responded in a brief | 
but very neat eiiepcU. The Institute ' 
then adjourned for the season. 

AaCBlTECTUn.A.L SOCIETY. 

June o. .At the concluding meeting for 
the season, the President, W. B. Clarke, 
Esq. F.S.A. distributed the following 
prizes : 

To Mr. Thomas Morgan, for the best 
measiued drawing of the gateway on each 
side the quadrangle of Somerset House, 
Sir W. Chontbcrs's Civil Architecture, 3 

TOls. 

To Mr. George Rutherford, for the best 
essay on the History of the Arch, Hope's 
Architecture, - vols. ; to the same gen- 
tleman was likewise prusi-ntcd Ihe work 
annually given by Mr. Muir, V. P., for 
the greatest number of approved sketches 
during the Bea.son. 

To Mr. \Vm. Nunn, for the most 
approved drawings of the garden front of 
tho Travellers' CIub-liou.se, Mr. Owen 
Jones's work on the Aihombr.i ; and to 
Mr. G. B. Williams, another copy of 
the same, his drawing^ being considered 
nearly equal to Mr. Niinn's. 

R. R. Kcinagle, K.A. communicatrd to 
the society the formnllou of a snriety for 
supplying London with water, and the 
erection of fountains in vuxioui ports of 



i 




180 



Antiquarian Researdies. 



[Aug. 



For tl>c first i>ri?e olTcred in the d8*8 of 
desiini there was bo cumpetitioo. 

1 '< Dl Aftrrwfirdii <lc)iTcrc(l ail 

e\' . -iS, iu wliicL he pArdcularlj 

dill! U'<i UM' iiiicntion of tbe students to 
A more cartful study of correct and chaste 
geoinelricdl drawiu^ ; ccDSuriDj; those 



fACtitioQs shn4lo'W8, and artiGciol effects, 
which he attributed to the uuion of the 
Bchoola of architecture and painting iu 
the halls of the Royal \oademy, and to 
which he otcribed a perverted taste in 
Brcbitectiirol drawing, couducive to atill 
more material evils. 



^yVTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES. 



KOMAN RBMAIN8 AV CIRRNCGfUTF.K. 

Some important additions have re- 
ceully hcen made to the rclie* of Roman 
art digcovered at Cirencester (see the 
sepulchral monuments engraved in onr 
Magazine for June ltJ3Ti p. 686, and the 
laat volume of the Archirulojjia). On 
the 2'2d of last June tiornc labourers iu 
Mr. Gregory's exteusive nursery disco- 
vered, about a foot below the surface of 
the ground, two large and finely-sculp- 
tured atonea, which had evidently formed 
parts of two capitals of the Corinthian 
order. One of theui, with the abdcus, ia 
a frcestuue, of grayish colour, forming 
the lower port of n capital, and exhibiting 
the uj^ual tiiTii of aciiiithus- leaves boldly 
sculptured, eight in each tier, and abovt 
them, at the top of the stone, inJicntioua 
uf hnoda and bru.-tRls of a human hgure. 
The diameter of this stone at the bottom 
ia two feet, and its height two feet two 
incfaeii. The other stoue is a cross- 
grained ithell-limestone, one foot uiue 
Inches high, in form of the abacus or top 
of another capital ; the diagonal of the 
top from comer to corner is four and a 
half feet; and it i«, therefore, probable 
that it was supported on a shaft more than 
two feet in diameter, and about i'i feet 
high. Tlic four corners are a little be- 
velled downwards from the horizontal top, 
DO as to leave a circular bearing. In the 
centre of each of the four concave sides 
of the abacus is the upper part of n hu- 
man figure briefly described below. This 
stone is now fiied upon the other, which 
u placed upon a plain pedestal in front 
of Sir. Gregory's residence. On its north 
aide is a fare, with smooth forehead, and 
with drapery hanging across the breast 
from a button on eiich shuulder ; the hair 
is parted on the forthcad nud curled elo»e, 
and a bort of flat cup is close over the 
hair, and ornamented »( ■ ■• !■ i-.. .1 k 
aemicirculur flat object ;ii 
the left -Imtiliffr. Tlic s 
»i'i ■ I* Bwcohu- 

1( 1 baiich nl 

II, , ■ . _ 



or top of a aeeptrc. The drapery of tliia 
tigure hangi from the left shoulder. Tbe 
mole figure on the aouth side support* a 
curved horn with bis right hand in supi- 
nation ; the small end, which is formeii 
like the head of aome nnimal with ears, ia 
placed to the riglit corner of the mouth, 
which i« partly open, and the Urge end of 
the horn ia shown in perspective. The 
face has an ample beard and a low fore- 
head, with deep horiaontal furrows. Tha 
male figure on the west side holds in his 
left hand an olive branch, the hand being 
on a level with the shoulder, .\bove the 
right shoulder appears a bipennis, or 
double battle-axe, crescent-fihaped, the 
handle of which descends obliquely ia 
front of the shoulder ; the face ia like- 
wise amply eiupplied with bcord and witli 
mustachio's, and has great expresaion. 
The length of these bearded faces is nine-, 
and the greale»t brcadili six iuclies. Every 
one of the heads has an omameut oearif 
as wide as the face iu place of a cro«n|, 
with tbe top on a level with the upper, 
eurface of the abacas. Mr. Gregory de. 
serves great ])raisc fur his taate and cart 
in preserving these and other curiooa an- 
tiquities. 

TOUB IK racE.VlX park, DUBLIN. 

May S.3. A Cromlech, or ancient tomb, 
was opened in the Phucnii Park, Dublin, 
near tljc Hibernian .School. It coniista 
of a large lime-stone slab, rough as if just 
taken fri^m a quarry, supported by fdx 
Icf'^' ind surrouuded on all sicle4' 

by ' -.which hnd evidently bcea 

reui., i.!ic bed of the Litfey. M'beu 

the earth was withdrawn, it wa* found to 
contain two nearly perfect human skele- 
tons, with a portion of another skeleton, 
and one Hctk*, Kiippr>iied to l>e that of ts 



I 



dog. All 
state ol 



were in 
teeth 



111 ycui'6 
vercd a 
coajt I 
duun >iii 



Ladiii I 

he'tp nf 111 



hi2h' 

ncarljr 

II were , 

'I'CT.I 

ilucoil 

III till 

■' t' 



1830.] 



Antiquarian Reieurcheg. 



181 



gie /r«irAw« sh«H was likewise obscrred. 

pi-»rlv 1 usiiiiur i.r Yiliioh WU OS pcf- 

(be sr.*-«hore ; 
kr 1 arrow. The 

(omb n;. - Mii^ a new 

r Olid 11 Oil' '.of earth, 

15 fe<t biirii, I'jrijuiiK lut Bi-s"iexit of a 
iphere. ono hundred aiid twenty feet dia- 
meter. Tlie interior of the Cromkcb 
meuuret «iT feet by Ave. It is of an irre- 
^ultr iMfxicin form. T''p original jitnic- 
lurc of tl' E to have 

been <oil. iperations 

of r.- ' - I lie, it had 

,k»«n i>,Qt of a 

tpUk .red in this 

jiaix A white ioit tubjitjuicc, phot phate of 
lime, pairt of the deL'uui|iu.scd bones. 

CJtOMLKCB VKXU. BOUUAY. 

>» fV... nif'Pting of Uic Royal Irish 
At . on the 9th of April, Sir 

W)i 111 read a letter from Dr. 

llibb«jt Wajrc, describing a cromlech dig- 
COfcred near Hnmbay, by bij sou, and 
-embleu the croinleidi 
} K in Kent. Into the 

,,. ... ...^... of these mouuineuts 

four *Unes enter, which inL'iitie townrds 
aae .inuthct, and ore surmounted br one 
Ur,- .1 itone. From an inquiry 

oft ., including information re* 

crirni ujiDn I tic sjiot, Mr. Ware learned 
that thete reinaiusi are tombtt of ancient 
date : and hence he infers thi%t from 
analogy it is prob<ibIe that such ])ile$ in 
Kn^land were erected more ns M-pulchral 
slonea than for other uses. It is affirmed, 
that fhe pr?»ent structures were never 
rai- ' noui purposes. The crom- 

ler found in the north of Gu- 

ri the very summit of a ic- 
aa Sj5borg, in hi:^ system* 
< pointed out, and in this 
ouc, it appears more Ulce an occasional 
•ppcodu to the cairn, destined, from its 
pceidlar ftructure, to the celebration of 
Mciiflees in honour of the dead. Mr. 
Wa» M aatisfied, however, tbtit the crom- 
iMh odgtnaUv subsisted mot^t fre^juently 
independently of any cairn whatever ; and 
if, in this isolated state, huinau asbea 
have nrcasionally been discovered in cou- 
nrxioti with it, other iQ.xtauccs uiigbt be 
(Hied, in which very careful excavations 
not affoii'- ' ■■ •■ -idence that this 
innient h.! : -at use. He ia 

reforp i>f , 't the cromlech 

1 ino«t freijupiitljr comierti'd with pur- 
poM*f of tntermt-nr. Alt)iougb not necoB- 
Mi Ml gcaerml it wu raised 

foi 

In pvrsuins the excavation in Ht|;h- 
itreet, Lincoln, fgr the porpoac of luyiog 



II tunnel from the Butchery to the river, 
the workmen bared • portion of the old 
Roman road. It is nearly a yard below 
the prcaeut syifocc of the street, and great 
difficulty woi expcricDced in breaking 
through it. It Vfoa about 10 to N inchea 
thick. ' I ." ' I I I "I. on a layer of 

grav ' : the material 

of wl , irmed appears 

to be irleau jiiuiie rubble, gravel, many 
sheliii, and fernu^uuus ashes, run together 
with hot lime, as a concrete or grouting. 
The moss was so thoroug;hly compact, 
that itj gravity was heavier than tlie gran- 
ite paving stones of modern days ; and a 
large mass, when rubbed down smooth, 
presented a surfai:e not dissimilar to com- 

iioct marble. In the mid«t at' some of the 
umpf . fragments of manufacturers' wa«te 
were found ; in one a piece of a hone- 
shoe, no doubt brought with the a«he9 ; • 
fragment of leather van sticking in an- 
other piece, 

A fine and perfect specimen of a Roman 
sword was lately ploughed up in a Aeld 
at Litlington, Cainbridgebhire. It is 
formed of the celebrated bronse metal, is 
about 1» inches in length, two-edged, and 
of elegant form, and in an extraordinary 
state of preservation, considering the long 
period it has been buried. Mr. Deck, 
chemist, of Cambridge, poiscuet this cu* 
rious relic. 



As Mr. Williotn Shanks, of Brandei- 
burton, Yorkshire, v.os excavating in hit 
oulground, he lately dug up a large-sized 
.riug of sterling gold. Tlie top part of it 
is square, with a beautifiil representation 
of the Virgin Mary and the child Jesus in 
her arms ; on the round part of it are 
engraven several words, with roses at a 
regular distance. 



A workman lately employed in pulling 
down an old house in St. Margaret's* 
street, Uochester, belonging to Mr. Hedg. 
cock, grocer, found iu the brickwork of 
the chimney a wash-leather bag, contain- 
ing 158 pieces of silver coin, of various 
sizes and thicknesses, some of tbem beiug 
no bigger than a siapence, and others at 
broad as a half-crown. Some of itiem ore 
of the reign of Philip and Mary, bearing 
the date 15.^4; others bear the names of 
Elizabeth, James, Edward VI. and 
Charles j and the weight of the whole i« 
one pound and n half. The bog is a« 
fresh iu colour nnJ sppearoncc oa when 
it was fiisl deposited in the place, in 

which it must lm\c befit ' 1 for 

near tnu buiidicil years, ' bog 

is a Hiuull |M)cket, probabi' 
receptacle for gold. 



I: 

i 



tfib 



mni 



m 



jk 



Antiquarian Researches, 



[Aug. 



nOMAN COINS 
rOUND NKAR UUDDEIl6rii;l,D. 

As II Ubouring man w,i.s lately tliggiiig 
in a liclil nut fur from Tlior^tonland, a 
few miles from ilmidersfield, he met with 
a large rollcctiou uf KomsD coin»; but, as 
M uftcu the case iusuch discoveries, hi'ing 
a strangiT to their value, \\c uun iiiducfd 
to part with them for a triHinj rvmuiitra- 
tioD. Thej aniountei] in nunibur to about 
.*»»•<>, and were principally copp4'r, though 
a few were »ilver. As far as can be ascer- 
luiiird froo) detached |Mirtioiu of thein, 
they appear to hare consisted chiefly of 
coins of the lower empire, a considerable 
numbtT hearing the heads of Cfinstaalino, 
Constantius, Licinius, and, in theopiuioii 
of sonte, of Victurinus. But the coins of 
Caniugiua, who possessed himself of Bri- 
tain as Emperor under Dioclesiaii, are the 
most numerous. Theiuscription in many 
of thciu is as fallows, imi'kratob ca- 
itAU8i(i8 riU8 rcLix APGi'HTVs ; and 
on the reverse, pax augusti. These 
were probably stamped after he had 
cleared the British sea of the pirates. 

A few years ago, a iplcuiiid gold Roman 
coin, l>earing an im])rPB«ion of the head of 
('Arinus, was found at liolmtirth, within a 
few miles of the same place. Thi:i is unc of 
tlie few gold coins of that en)])erar dis- 
covered in Britain. The monarch whom 
it represents, it is well known, was one of 
the most worthless in hiatory. The coin 
is in a state of excellent preservation, and 
the inscription as follows: on the obverse, 

MARCrS AURELIUB CARIN17S NOBII.I:!! 

CESAR, with the head of Carinas with a 
fillet round it ; and on the reverse, " vic- 
toria AUGVSTi," with an image uf Vic- 
tory standing upon a. globe, iu tJie act of 
presenting a laurel crown. 

It is remarkable that in the luwnnhip of 
Lingards, about four miles from Hudders- 
fidd, a large quantity of coining moulds, 
or impressions upon cby of Rutuan cm- 
perorK, were discovered some time ago, 
principally represeatingthc same emperors 
ns those above described at Thurstonland. 
It d<n's not appear that any other Roman 
remains have Ix^n recently found near 
lliurstonlaud, though, above forty years 
ago, several Roman coins were found near 
Ilenley, which is at no great dixtanoc. 
No uniB or tiles have been dug up, and 
no vestiges of n Roman road have, bct-n 
ti.ii'ett. Rut though there is no probabi- 
lity yf there having been any Rutnaii town 
near the tiiot, yet it in c*lrt:mrly proba- 
b|p (lint it has Ik'cii nn aii;i)li»ry Ktalloit, 
sub«rdinale to the nmio utaliim ut t'am- 
boduDum, which wc now know wn* within 
the modern p^iriiili nf liuddcr»5«ld. It 
was usual willi that people tu hmve uunur 



»ta ions nt ronvenirnl distances from tl 
principal one ; and it luu been eufficieat! 
fhewu by Dr. Walker of Huddewticld, 
an essay on this subject, read before th 
I'hilutophicol Societitts both at Leeds «c 
Sheffield, that there were various «ue 
stations within &ix or eight milc^ of Can 
bodunum. It is ruthor rciniukable tlu 
though Roman coins have been found i 
many phiccs within a few miles of CaniL 
dnnum, so few have been found on tt 
site of the place itself. Dr. \MiiUk<i 
was of opinion that the Romans very 
abandoned Cnmbcdununi, in consequent 
of its bleak and barren situation ; but i 
this^opinion the doctor was incorrect, i 
inscriptions of a very lat£ dote have bra 
discovered there, which shew that it wi 
garrisoned by the imperial troops at 
very late period. Within a few moult 
back, some tiles were diacovcred by DrJ 
Walker, ou the site of the ancient Ca 
bodunum, bearing the inscriptiou 
"coH. IV. BRET." the fourth cohort 
the Britons, which there is every reasa 
to believe formed at least a part of til 
garrison of Cnmbodunum, as many nativi 
troops were in the pay of Rome. It ii 
hoped, however, that the late discovery i 
Thurstonland will rouse n spirit of irujuir 
on this subject, that may lead to furthc 
discoveries interesting to the antiqaa 
nud calculated tu throw additional ligi 
on the history of thi:i important district 
J. K. W\ 



SCrLFTDRE IN ILI.OGAN CHURCH. 

Some workmen employed in repairin 
the interior of lliogan Church, Cornwa' 
have discovered a piece of sculpture, tap. 
posed to represent an abbot, abbess, and 
nuns habited in the vestinvots of their 
orders. They are knijcling before 
altar covered with drapery, and on whtc 
D book lies open. Three oi the tigur 
are on one jtlub of Bath stone, about four^ 
feet in length and about three feet wide | 
the other is on a elab of the same stone 
of about 13 inches long, and of a cor 
ponding width with the above. Th 
figures are elegantly foruicd, and thei 
vestments, with the drapery of the nlL 
and the book, sculptured in a chaste an4 
elegant manner. There i:an Iw no tloul: 
but that tliey liave occupied their pre:$ei] 
position ever iiince thn chureli was built 

For a long time t)i<-» ''-'v- i ^ 

by n large marble 

memory of Dr. ,1.. :,>| 

been for several year* il,e locwitbnrt ' 

the rectory. This slab will now be tt 

moved. Bad Uio hgum left wposctl 

vie*. 



163 



HISTORICAL CHKONICLE. 



P P O C EE D I N G S I N PARLIAMENT. 



I 



Smith sliould oppose tlie bill in nil its 
stages, and every clauso of it. The mea- 
fiure WHK levelled boIpIv ogninfit tbe poor. 
It wns absurd to say that no refreshment 
should be purchased on the Sundnv. — Mr. 
Goulbum said the bill wns a bill solely 

for the suppression of Sundny troding 

Ijord Ihinffannon observed tlmt he could 
not Kiipport this bill, because he con- 
liidered that it wua n subject that coidd 
not be legislated upon. — On Mr. Jervis's 
nntendment, the numbers were — for, 39; 
Bguinst, 118. Other dirisions on motions 
to report progress took place, but on both 
orrdsioiis the majority was in favour of 
proceedinp. 

June 22. Lord J. Rtutell having moved 
tlmt the order of the day for the second 
reading of the Ikish tithes Bill have 
jireeedcnce of the other orders of the day, 
■ — Lord ^iA/fy proposed as an amendment, 
that the House proceed with the lirst order 
of the day — the second reading of the 
Factohils Recitations Bill. He had 
no other opportunity but the present of 
calling the attention of the House to the 
statement which he was reiinested to make 
on behalf of the children employed in the 
factories — to the repeated violiitions of 
the provisions of the bill which had Wen 
suffered to pass unnoticed, and to the 
total neglect and contempt with which the 
(lovemiuent had treated all the represen- 
tations and remoiiKtrances which had been 
miide to them upon this subjeot. He 
hoped tliat the House would be convinced 
of the pressing necessity of providing Kime 
remedy this session- L<ord J. Ru-tttll 
defended his own conduct, and that of hi* 
colleagues. The postponements were all 
iifthem inevitable; and the questions to 
be settled are, in themselves, of the most 
formidable character. 'I'be friends of the 
factory children arc anxious to shorten the 
hours of labour for adults, as well as fot' 
children ; — whilst the manufacturers again 
represent, that interference with " supply 
and demand," in the case of labour, must 
destroy our sources of trade. — Mr, Govt- 
bum condemned the course of argimient 
adopted by the Home Seeretnry. What 
had the dilliciiltles of (be subject lo do 
with the condoet of Minister*? If they 
frit the difliculties of the subject to be 
ovcrwhclinini;, why did thev not leave it ( 
til tii«niible friend f' Lord Asfiiey)? Whjr | 
lie bill. Mr. I'erjmn did (hey prevent him ftom bringing for* 



y.MOSfi, Jitnf IS. 
r/1 uiiived the third 
iot KAi-irifs A.N'D Bkne- 

rtcti Bill, which, after the discussion of 
vmriotj? nrrit-ndments, was finally passed. 

1 lARY Brar.HS (SroT- 

uir. la second time, after 

a <3r ition by Sir H'. Rat; 

will 'I for the second read- 

inp. , .W. 

> Hatentn then moved the 

»eci - ijf the Party Processions 

(lati.AMi^ liill. Me proceeded to make 
ohaemitioiiR on the alleged partiality 
tltovsTi by the Irish goveniment towards 
tbe Liberal party, and the rigour with 
which the Protectants were treated when 
tliet met for public purposes. The House 
divided. There appeared for the second 
mding, 74 ; ngaiust it, 10: majority M. 
Junt 5ifl. Air. F. Baring, in mo^-irig 
tlie •ecniid reading of the Ntw Zealand 
Bni« rnt<'ri-d into a history of the pro- 
CMding^ of the New Zealand Coloniza. 
lion Society, it was a matter of indtlfe- 
rence. be naid, to the society whether the 
gaTemment of the colony remained for 
7, 14, or 21 years in their bands; and as 
to tho«e who i^id that government itself 
kliould undertake the coloniiationof New 
Zoilaiid. he would only observe that it 
not likely that the house would grant 
iim nf iflli>,tXtO/. for such u purpose, 
•bt be the fate of this Uill, 
H"; stop the current ofemigra- 

tioi. ,'- -v Zealand. Sir C. Grpy 

begged leave to move as an amendment, 
llwt the Bill should be read a second time 
thkt day »ix montha. There afipeared 
lor the second reading 32,8^810$! Xl'i'i: ma- 
jority 60. The bill wiw consi/qiieritly lost. 
Air. Senrcant JV^oun/ postponed till thai 
Jav r!ir*.. nidiiilis the further considem- 
ti< I'VaiGiiT Bill. 

yirt moved the rc-eommittal 
I he .S.vuiiATii OasEftVANCF Bill. — Mr. 
fard moved that it be read again that 
ntb«., but on n division it wa«i 
\ l>y a majority of 75 to 53. 
t I'lRUse Mr. John Jerr'm 
moved, sk aii iiinrndment, that the fiillnw- 
kiig wordn Ih' iimerted — " That no person 
ill do, or raiiike lo be done, any manner 
work whatever on the Lord's duy." — 
■\ oppa«e the intioduc- 
li. .as they would destroy 




Parliamentary Proceedings. 



[Aug. 



ward n measure, for which iUey had. ob- 
viously, no relish iheinsdvM? — Mfi P'jh- 
htt TAumnou compliiiru'il of the misrcprc. 
senlAtiuns eniiiloyed by Mr. Guulbuin. 
Ministers liuil never jircvctucd Lord Ash- 
ley from briii^iiiK forward lii* Kuctoiy 
Bill. Thut nuble Lord's bill difTored 
mItoRcthcr from llic bill introdiicrd by 
Government. Lord Ashley advocated a 
rcdui'tiuii ill thi? hours of labour for itdultK, 
no lc«s th«ii for children. The whole 
question wm, in point of fnct, one of the 
most tremendous import. It was a ques- 
tion BflTeeting the very existence of our 
manufacturing^ Ru|>eriority. If Inbour 
were restricted by FHriiamcnt, cnpitiil 
would quit our shores. Even now the 
march of oompetiiiou on the purt of 
foreign manuracturers vhs of the most 
alarming kind, lie entreated the Ilou&e 
to pauxe, before legiiilHting rashly on such 
matters. — Sir R. J^eel observed, that lie 
did not lean to the popular view in this 
matter, still the very importiinco of the 
questions involved rendered it advisable 
that the House should, at once, put n 
stop to delusion* on the subject. If the 
President of the Board of^ Trade were 
concct in bis views, the House miKht rest 
aasured, that, compared with this question, 
all other questions were uniniportunc. If 
the interests of hiuuunity should he found 
to require a curtailment of the hours of 
labour, the House ought, undoubtedly, to 
rccoguise these interests ut all hnzords ; — 
but if on the other hand, it should be 
found, as he (Sir U. Peel) believed it 
would be found, that a more enlargeil 
humanity dictated abstinence from inter- 
ference between labourers and employers, 
still the House ought not to shrink from 
tha duty of proclaiming it4 convictions to 
tl>e world, — The House divided, and the 
numbers were — For the original motion, 
119; for the amendment. 111; majority 
for the original motion, 8, — The Irisu 
Tithe Bill was then read a second time. 

On the motion of Lord J. RutHtU, the 
Cou.NTY CoL-aTB Bill and the Ecclksi- 
A8T1CAL DiTiKB AND RevKNUts Bill were 
both deferred for six months. 

Jun« iib. l^)rd J, Riittetl having moved 
the third reading of the laisH Mi'McifAL 
CoRPoaATioNB Bill, Lord F. E^erlon 

Eroposcd am an ampnilmpitf, that th? bill 
e read atbii<^ 
— Lord J?/^ry^ 
•d opinions, .. 
must Vfjti' foi > 

bft<l .!..•".. .- , 

hi: 




of tlit; aJuclioiJ^iiui: 
been ulviptcd ; aint 
frwn the fir»l, tnMUru n 

g 



•it lux rra. 
.-III. Nime 
■a had 
Ijitd, 

r y/.J lldll, 



the boHofidt 10/. qualification, was obsti' 
mitoly refused. The House divided,] 
when iheri- appcan-d for the third readinifJ 
IG'J; for the amendment, l.'i4: inajority, 
35. 

June 30, On tho motion that th«l 
Vestkieb ts CntJBcticfi Bill be re-com- 
mitted, Mr. Haweti moved it? rc-cora« 
mittol that dny six months. Mr. //iin««l 
seconded the umendmciit. — Lord JoAni 
Rattttl admitted thut the Bill made 
changes in the ancient cuMoms of 
country, and was likely to put 
imrishes to ^eat difficulty. It wouU 
throw (treat burihcti!^ on many pitri»hri|l 
by ennblinf; vestries to go to almost an| 
expciiKc for fbc erertion and alteration 
biiihlings and the purchase of land, andi 
by allowing the debts thus incurred to bel 
thrown upon the Poor-rates. — Mr. t'iofl 
opposed the Bill at some length. VestrM 
meetings had been held in churches fof I 
000 years, and tiu inconvenience bad evcffl 
before been complin iied of. — Lord />im«i 
gannon only regretted thit the Bill diA| 
not go further, und do awny at once withf 
all vestry meetings in churches. Thai 
House divided ; for tho re*(-ommittal 
the bill, 141 i for the amendment. 70i[ 
majority, 71, — The House then for t1 
short time resolved itself into a committer ( 
on the Bill. 

July 6. Mr. Gillon moved " (hat ■] 
humble address be presented to Vktt MimI 
je^ty, praying that she will lake into faelj 
gracious consideration the parliaraentarvi 
allowanue hitherto and ut present eojoyeq ' 
by bia Royal Higlmrss the Duke or 
SuaaEX, as compared with those en^ 
by the other members of the royal 
with a view to recommend ^r^inr aJ^ 
to them." .Mr. Oillon v Mfi 

income of the Duke of .'- **il.y\ 

wa* less by G.tXKJ/. than : 
member of the royal Ian: 

eiinistunced. The royal Jl;.. ..i, 

all his life to the promotion ol scienci' an<j 
the encouragement of literature; and al«l 
though his income bad been more limitetl] 
thiin that of any of his royal brothers, h«1 
had never he-ir • ' •' ■ utmost of hirl 
means in for- -y undertakini^ 1^ 

honourable to ' / and beneficial j 

to our species. When he xaid that ib« 
Uukf of Sii«seT was n\ the hrnd of mil 



vtlCrflliK l/iCu 
brunrhrs of il 

Orif.M.M. Mlin 



■ .ip-' 



Crown. — Sir R. Pt*J conrurred in this 
mvr. After some i]i«cussioii, tbe House 
divided uit it : ior tiiu niotiun, -k<t; jkgniiist 

In • roinmiltee of Sii'I-i.y tlie Chan- 
ttilor t^f tk» P rnt,. •,.„,;■ brought forvvHrd 
k moliition ' ; to Her Mnjesty 

TW.OOtW. on icr ■ Inte C'oroiintion. 

Tltis W9S nf^icc^i tu, u& were grunU of 
T'lyjUti/. to dcfi°uy the cx|M-n$(; of the 
kl pabK-fs ; 12,CNXIf . to Kiii;;«ituvvn bnr. 
4I4W. to the Holyhead-road ; 

lyOWi/. to tbu new biiiUlingK in the 
Bhtitih AluseuD), up to Murcb IR'i9 ; 
i378/. to tlie works required in the Na- 
tHiiihl <i»ll«ry and tbu Roya) Armleiny; 
%nA atno'ig several others, ICX),000/. 
(oniird<i I lie expenses of the new Hou!>e9 
of Farlianient. 



HorSE OF Lonos, July 9. 
On tbe motion that the Iiiisu Pook 
Law Bill do puss, the Marquis of Lon- 
donderry moved tliat the Bill be rejected. 
—The Earl of JAmerick, the Marquits of 
CImnricnrdf, und the Kiirl MoHufccu/iel 
oppo&ed the Bill, the latter lord desorib- 
ing it M one miculated to ercatc relR-llion 
and revolution. — Lord Brovyham &aid he 
U'as Its. much opposed to the Bill u» ever, 
tnd all tbe arguments be had benrd on 
both sides had rather incrensed bis ob- 
jections to it ; more cspociHlly tbe dis- 
inclination to adopt it which existed in 
Ireland led hiai to tbiii conclusion. He 
■r^e^l ngainst the Bill as culeuluted to 
introduce n vicious system, by teaching 
tbe people of Ireland to go to the work- 
bou»c, in>tc-ud of relying on their own 
exertions and resources. — Lord Meibounie 
did Dot ^ve credit to the grcnt opposition 
•lleged. The owners of lHri;e estates bad 
dcflwvd that it would smoIIow rents ; and 
bf'nce, hit feared, the poor had been in- 
dueed to express the repugnance tbey 
would nut hiire done bad tbe bill Iheen 
hirly described to them. He admitted 
that it ^vu« more expcrimenlul than the 
£nKli>ib bill, and consei|Ui-iiily it would 
be more dillicult to rarry it into elfect, 
but he niuintoined that no measure hod 
•ver been more generally called lar by all 
rties than tlii» bill. — Lord Plunk ft was 
f opinion thnt (hib was an experiment of 
St peril, but that Ireland wii-s in such 
N »tatc that it vin» jitteriy ioipoisible to 
leave her in her present condition. The 
J{nu«e divided on the question that the 

LRill do pa**; ContentSy, present 69— 
pro%ie<« "iV, Nun-contentK present 2'i, 
— profiea B^ luujurity 6)1. The Bill 
then ptts««d. 




Hot'ir or Cu»imon:s, Jtilji 1 1. 
Mr. A'. L^nrf moved the second resd- 
GftXT, Mac. Vol. X. 



ini; of the PAnocniAr. AiSKSSMirNTB Bill. 
Hi<> object was to place the law on u more 
satisfactory basis, and to put an end tu 
the dissatisfuction which prevailed, owing 
to tlie introduction of a principle of ratin^f 
lately. Avhich had never before Ix'en heurd 
of. It had been laid down by tbe judges 
that per«onal property was to escape rating. 
Tbe Purocbiid Assessment Act passed 
in 1830 did not conduce to equality of 
rating ; the only good derived from it was, 
that it gave a cheap mode of appeal to the 
special sessions. — Mr. Goulburn opposed 
tnc measure, as inconsistent with the law 
for the commutation of tithes which bad 
passed two years ago : that act was in tbe 
nature of n bargain which the present 
measure tended materially to niter. Every 
principle of good faitb required tbem to 
adhere to that arrangement, and not im- 
pose an additional tax upon the clergy. 
If this bill was passed, every clergyman 
would be taxed more than was just. He 
concluded by moving that the bill be read 
a second time that day three months. Tbe 
Allornttf -general supported the second 
reading of tlie Bill, He admitted that 
there were several points in the Bill which 
might require adjustment, but these, be 
thought, might bo done cilicicntly in coiiv> 
mittee. The fact was that the law as it 
nt |>reseiit stood was so loose that it was 
open to endless litigation. The House 
then divided, when tnere anpcared for tbe 
second reading 104 ; for the amendment 
42 ; majority iyi. 

Sir W. Jtae moved the third reading of 
tbe Small Debts (Scotland; Bill, — Mr. 
Wallace moved tbat it be read a third 
time that day three moiiilis. The amend- 
ment was carried by a majority of C3 to 
15. 

lIoi'SK or Lonus, Juljf 12. 
Lord Melbourne moved tbe committal 
of the Mu.NiLii'AL Coin'oRATioNS Bill.— 
Lord Li/niihurtt, in an able speech, an- 
nounced the nature of the amendments he 
intended to propose. In the <)tb clause 
he proposed to strike out the words 
" rated to the relief of tbe poor," for the 
purpose of adding after the words *' of 
the " the words " yearly value of not leas 
than 10/. to be ascertained und determined i 
as hereinafter mentioned." The opera- 
tive words he proposed were, " and thAt { 
such yearly value be uscertained and de- 
ternu'iied in manner following, and not ^ 
otherwise ; tbut is to say, such value shall |^ 
be composed of the net annual value of 
the premises occupied by the persons, and 
rated as they arc hereby required undei , 
un set passed for the relief of the poor in I 
rbc present sea-iion of Parlinment, and of < 
the landlord's repairs and insurance, as 



I 



i 



I 



CBtiinKtcd and stated in such rate." This 
aoicndnient waa rcsiitcd by the Ministers 
on the ground that a J/. frunchise nas not 
too low ; liut the coiiiuiittoc having di- 
vided. Lord Lyndburst's amrndmeiit wa§ 
oarhed by a mnjority of til), the numbers 
long 96 and 36. 

, Julif 19. The AFFiaMATioNB in lieu 
of Oaths Bill (Lord Denman't^), wot 
thrown out on n division ; the contents 

I being 16, the non-contents 3^. 
lost 
7* 
•ho 



I 






House or Comuons, JuJj/ 19. 
The Vr.BTn.iKs tn CMi'RCur.a Bill was 
lost on a division, there being 7U ayes and 
78 MM. Dr. Nicholl declared that he 
renetv tlic bill nest session. — In 



Committee on the Titbss (Ireland) lavue 
of Exchequer-bills Bill, Lord J. Rvtxell 
moved that a sum not exceeiliiii; .'JOO.OtX)/., 
the residuu of the l,t»0O,lX)()/. oripinuily 
advanced as a loan to the clergy of Ire- 
land, should be issued in Exchequer- 
bills, and in payment of the arrears of 
tithe. — Mr. Hume moved, as an amend, 
ment, " that the pant of 1*40.000/. ad- 
vanced to the cleip)' and lay proprietors 
of tithes in Ireland, also the additional 
grants of UlO.tJOtV, and of 260,000/. now 
proposed, makinn; the whole 1,000,000/. 
sterling, will be highly unjust to the peo- 
ple of Kngtond and Scotland." I'bc 
numbers were, for i^ord J. KumcII's re. 
solution, 170; tor Mr. Hume's 61. 



•rAtN. 
'A sanguinary battle took ])luce on the 
SOth of June. Esiwrtero, on the 19tb, 
of>eiied his batteries oji^inKt the Carliat 
fort of Penacermrta, and having effected a 
breach in one of the outer defences, the as- 
sault was commenced. Thegarrison, how- 
ever, drove the as«nilants back with a loss 
of 400 men hofn dt combat. The main 
attack was opened on the 20th, and at 
length Espartoro occupied the place, 
though ut a consideruhlc ^aeri{ir€ of men 
and ammunition. Subsequently he has 
retired, and it is again in the possession 
of the Carlists. The new Carlist Com- 
mander-in-Chief, General Marotto, has 
entered on his functions, commencing by 
effecting an entire re-organisation of the 
army. A large force has been posted in 
the outskirts of Estella, to ol>serve and 
check the movement* of E«partero. The 
head-quarters of Don Carlos were still ut 
Elorioon the Ist July. 

Wi:ST INDIES. 

The Colonial Legislative Council* of 
Barbadoes and St. Vincent's have passed 
sets to put an end to the state of uppreii- 
riceship on the 1st of August ; and ie»o- 
Intions to the same effect hiive been 
adopted by St. Kitt's. At Nevis, Tor- 
tola, ami \I.,nli..rr..r tl,.. ...,., I 

pie bad 

Mid the ^ 

would follow tlie exxuiflv : •iiiiJ. iit ieiiKtb. 

Janwica, where a <>troii|;r fo-lin?- eontinui'd 

to prevtil uai i ' ' 

flf mfifiieme\ - 

coaiMk by u ui . j...... ^.o- 

kturr on the 7tb ol J une. 

CAVAUA. 

On the I si i)( June, the Karl «f Dur- 
Iwin, di« nmr Oov«mor>0en«tm], dio* 



FOREIGN NEWS. 

solved the Special Council, and on the 
2nd Nummoned the foUoning gentlemen 
to form a new Executive Council: — Air. 
t'harles Uuller, M.P. Chief Secretary; 
Mr. T. E. M. Turton, Secretary; Col. 
(reorgc Cooper, K. H. Military Secre- 
tary ; the Provincial Secretary, and the 
Commissary- (iencral. His Excellency 
the Governor- (jeneroJ has also been 
pleased to make the following uppoint- 
menls: — To be attached to the High 
Commission, Lieut. -Colonel the Hon. 
Charles Grey, of her Majesty's 7 Ut Regt. 
To be Inspector-general of Hospitals, 
and of all medical, charitable, nnd literary 
institutions in the province of Lower Ca- 
nada, Sir John Doratt, Kni. AL1>. 

The celebrated Generals Sutherland 
and Tbeller, Colonel Dodge, and seven 
other state prisoners, ai'e on their M'ay to 
England, whence they will be Imim- 
jMjrled. 



SOtrrn AMKIUCA. 

The ports of Mexico bavo been in- 
vested by a FiencU <.i[U)idron with an 
active blockade, which commenced on tlie 
lUtb of April. It \!> ^aid that the Mexi- 
cans have consented to pay the (Bdcm- 



mty. the refusal to s 
original cause of tli 



Id cede, il i> 
nuiinccil that ii.> 

(iiitt ul \ li'jjdl !il>ii 

.-t next. J I may 

..,,v,..,., whi-'>- • ■' ■■ ' 
•Uciigth 10 lli.i 

the (liiiiiHi ii:' 
senr 

'1 ; 

ria, U (Ji'a'l. and Milh lu> lituOi end* tho 



was the 
; but the 

ri'H to 
-Icr 
tuse 
' lollv au- 
;id block- 
, ou th<- tBth 
be doubted, 
uittcicnt 
' agaiust 
i> r»pre. 

Oil. 

i)t. Frsn- 



Domntic Occurrences. 



18383 

meet ringulsr ^rernment that ever exist- 
ed. His slavish adherents, dreading the 
vengeance of the inhabitants of Ascen- 
•ioD, have left the country and fled to 
Monte Video. This singular man has left 
several nnpublished manuscripts, one of 
wbicfa is « Proof of the character and the 
nmplicity of the Spanish Americans, and 
the means which a governor must emplojr 
t« make himself necessary to them." 



187 



The inscription which he affixed to his 
portrait is as follows : — " Despotism 
IS increased either by having in a country 
very numerous laws at variance with each 
other, or no laws at aU. I have chosen 
the latter course, because it is more 
adapted to the franknera of my character, 
and to the bad memory of the people of 
Paraguay." 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



On Whit-Sunday the parish church of 
Cumbtnewth, near Alford, Lincolnshire, 
was re-openeid for divine service, having 
been rebuilt in the decorated style of Ed- 
ward the Second, with a cupola and spire 
Con the plan of those at Sinzig, on the 
iUiine), rising ^cefuUy and forming a 
conspicuous object to the surrounding 
neighbourhood. The expense of rebuild- 
ing the sacred edifice has been defrayed 
almost entirely by the incumbent, the 
Rev. John Lodge, M. A. Librarian of the 
University of Cambridge ; and his pa- 
rishioners, in humble imitation of his mu- 
nificence, have cheerfully subscribed to 
purchase a handsome chandelier. 

/me 16. Atageneral meeting of the sub- 
scribers to the fund for erecting a Monu- 
mtmt to Lord Nelnn, held at Freemasons' 
Hall, the Duke of Buccleuch in the chair, 
a report was read, stating that the present 
exertions of tbc committee were to in- 
crease a fund, raised for a similar purpose 
in 1805, which then amounted to 1330/. 
and which, with dividends, had been in- 
creased to b5^5l. 19«. Reduced Three 
per cents. Her Majesty the Queen has 
subscribed 5!^. and her Majesty the 
Queen Dowager 200/. which, with other 
subscriptions, presented an additional 
5000/. The Duke of Wellington pro- 
posed a resolution — " That the meeting 
highly approves of the situation selected 
for the intended monument in Trafalgar, 
square, and they derive the greatest satis, 
faction at the ready compliance with 
which her Majesty's ministers had appro- 
priated BO eligible a site." His Grace 
said, it was a matter of astonishment that 
the subject under consideration bad not 
beat carried into execution at an earlier 
period. It was to be hoped that on the 
present occasion every obstacle would be 
removed. Her Majesty the Queen had 
set tbem all a bright example — the Queen 
Dowager bad nobly followed the Sore. 



reign — the Government had done every* 
thing that could be expected from them 
in order to enable them to carry their 
design into execution in a manner deserv- 
ing the occasion, and it now only remained 
for the meeting and the public to do their 
duty. The list contains, amongst many 
others, the names of the Duke of Wel- 
lington 200/. the Duke of Buccleuch SOO/. 
the Marquis of Anglesey 105/. 

June 2\. The new church, called Tri- 
nity Church, situate near Gough-sqtiare, 
in St. Bride's parish, was consecrated by 
the Bishop of London. The Goldsmiths' 
Company presented the ground to the 
parish. Its erection and furnishing have 
cost about 5000/. After the consecn* 
tion service had been performed, the 
Bishop preached a sermon in aid of the 
fund required to pav off a debt of 700/. 
still due on the outlay for the building. 
In the course of the appeal his lordship 
spoke of the deplorable want of churches 
to accommodate the immense population 
of the metropolis. He severely com- 
mented upon the government of the 
country for not advancing liberal funds 
for that purpose; and further insisted 
that it devolved upon individuals to come 
forward and freely to contribute accord- 
ing to their means to supply the great 
general want. 

On the 5th July, the new church of 
AU Sainte, King's Cross, which is the 
second completed out of three intended 
district churches within the parish of Is- 
lington, was consecrated by the Bishop 
of London. It is calculated to accom- 
modate 1000 persons, to nearly 300 of 
whom are allotted free sittings, and 
the whole cost of the building will not 
exceed '.12001. 1000/. of which is sub- 
scribed bv the Metropoliun Churches 
Fund, and the remainder by the volun- 
tary subscriptions of the parishioners. 



188 




The Coronation. 



THE CORONATION. 



THE Coronation of Queen Victoria 

performed on Ihe ''Hth of Junr. It 

%U conducted in most respects after the 
r^rmed model of that of her immediate 
Predecessor; the walking I'roccssion of 
all the estates of the realm, and the Ban- 
quet in 'Westminster Hall, with all the 
feudal services attendant thereon, being 
wholly dispensed with; not, however, 
without many complaints and various 
pubLc atruggles, an well on the {lart of 
the Tories, as on that of the tradesmen 
of the metropolis. 

To meet in some def^e« the general 
wishes expressed for a Coronation more 
stately than the hut, the exterior caval- 
cade was increased in r^plendour aitd 
numbers, and a much more extended line 
of approach was adopted. It wa» thus 
brought to resemble, still more closely 
than on the former occasion, the proccs- 
aion through the meCropolif which wa^ for- 
merly considered a necessary ])art of the 
solemnities of the Coronotion,* but which 
was last performed by King Charles the 
Second. The main difference was that 
the modern procession wns not through 
the city of London, hut through that of 
Westminster, a city now much larger, and 
far more magnificeiit, than ancient Lon- 
don. The utmost eagerness was shown 
to furnish nil the accommodation for 
spectators that the space would allow, 
and there was scarcely a house or a va- 
cant spot along the whole line from Hyde 
Park Corner to the Abbey, that was un- 
occupied with galleries or scafiblding.i- 



The ceremonies of the day commenced 
by the firinft of a royal salnte at sunrise 
by twelve pieces of artillery (nine-poun- 
ders) stationed within the inclosure of 
St. Jamcs's-park, to the north of the or- 
namental water (where they had been 
encamped during the night). At six 
o'clock the 20th regiment of fool and 
Ihe 5th dragoons entered St. Jamcs'a- 
park, and took up their station in front 
of the palace, together with the second 
Life Guards. The E division of police was 
also in attendance. 

Soun after half-past nine, detachments 
of the Blues and the Life Guards, accom- 
panied with their respective bauds, ar- 
rived opposite the entrance gate of the 
palace, and their appearance was quickly 
followed by that of twelve of her Ma- 
jesty's carriages, together with the state 
coach. The carriages of the Duchess of 
Kent, with those of the Duke of Cam- 
bridge, Duchess of Gloucester, and the 
Duke of Sussex, next reached the royal 
residence in rapid succession. The whole 
of them drove into the court- yard. 

During (his proceeding the various 
Foreign Ambassadors formed into line in 
the Birdcage- walk. Their ccjiiipBges ci- 
cited the greatest admiration, eB|)eciallyr 
that of Mnrshol Soult.J 

At the Queen's departure a new royal 
standard (measuring :50 feet by IH) was 
hoisted on the marble arch, where il 
will in future be kept displayed when- 
ever her Majesty is resident at the Pa- 
lace. 



• By King James the First this procession was made some months after the Coro- 
nation had taken place, the .solemnity itself having been ]>erfoitned as privately ta 
possible, on account of the Phigue. 

t The seats obtained various prices, from ten sbillings to five guineas, and by many 
of the speculators large profits were realized. Many persons let the fronts of their 
houses for given sums, varying from 5ii/. to :WH. In .St. Jamcs's-strecl several 
houses were let for the day for -HXV. and, after all exjienses were paid, more than 
double that sum was acquired. The front of the hnu*e lately occupied by the Reform 
Club-house in I'all Mall was let for VOO/. and upwards of .HH)/. realized. Enormous 
sums were expended in Ihi* way ; and yet it is a singular fact, that on Constitution- 
hill, where Ihe whole procession might hnve been »ecn to the best adtantage. there 
was very liitle crowd, and the most timid might have witueaecd il with perfect fa- 
cility and safety. 

J Marshal Soult brought to England the frame of the carriage nscd on occasions 
of state by the last great ?rincc of Ihr House of Cond/-, the father of the Dne do 
Bourbon. It wns ornamented ani'w with the ntmo*t rejimrcM of art. The Count j 
StroKonoff bought, for IGtfO/. (he carriage which the Duko of Devonihirp had built 




y to S:t. 5'. ' ', 
*'' . and rc-i 

fu- . , . too late in , I 

hired KluTitis rarnagci, which were newly emblaionrd for the occnaiuu. 
Uidr ElceUencicc gave .'OO/, for the u«v of it carriage fur M« day. 



It cost] 
lith pro- 
looght or{ 
Oik or] 



18380 Tki Coronation. 189 

The procesnoB moved, at ten o'clock predaely, in the following order : 

Trampeten. 

A Squadron of the Hoosehold Brigade. 

Canugei (rf their Excellencies the Foreign Resident Ministers, in the order in which 

they take precedence in this country : 

The Charg^ d' Affaires of Mexico, Colonel Almonte. 

The Charge d'A^ires of Portugal, Chevalier Rebelho de Carvalho. 

The Chaigd d' Affaires of Sweden, Baron Rehansen. 

The Saxon Minister, M. de GSersdorff. 

The Hanoverian Minister, Baron Munchhausen. 

The Greek Minister, Prince Michael Sontzo. 

The Sardinian Minister, Count de PoUon. 

The Spanish Minister, Chevalier de Aguilar. 

The Minister from the United States, Mr. Stevenson. 

The Minister from the Netherlands, M. Dedel. 

The Brazilian Minister, M. Galvao. 

The Bavarian Minister, Baron Cetto. 

The Danish Minister, Baron Blome. 

The Belgian Minister, M. Van de Weyer. 

The Wflrttemberg Minister, Count Mandelsloh. 

The Prussian Minister, Baron Bulow. 

Carriages of their Excellencies the Foreign Ambassadors Extraordinary,* in the order 

in which they respectively reported their arrival in this country : 

Marshal Soult, Doc de Dalmatie, from the King of the French. 

The Duke de Palmella, from the Queen of Portugal. 

The Count Lowenhielm, from the King of Sweden. 

The Marquis de Brignole, firom the King of Sardinia. 

The Count Alten, G.C.B., from the King of Uanover. 

The Prince de Putbus, from the King of Prussia. 

The Marquis de Miraflores, from the Queen of Spain. 

The Baron de Capellen, from the King of the Netherlands. 

The Prince Schwarzenberg, from the Emperor of Austria. 

The Count Stroganoff, from the Emperor of Russia. 

The Prince de Ligne, from the King of the Belgians. 

The Count Ludolf, from the King of the Two Sicilies. 

[This part of the Procestion wag under the direction of Colonel JVemt/t», Equerry to 

the QKeen, attitted by J. Coeum, Esq. Second Clerk of the Queen'i Stablet.} 



Carriages of their Excellencies the Resident Foreign Ambassadors : 

The Turkish Ambassador, Sarim Effendi. 

The French Ambassador, Count Sebastiani. 

The Russian Ambassador, Count Pozzo di Borgo. 

The Austrian Ambassador, Prince Esterhazy, G.C.B. 

Mounted Band of a Regiment of the Household Brigade. 

A Detachment of the Household Brigade. 

Cakkiaoks of thk Branches of trb Royal Family, each drawn by six horses, 

with their proper escorts of the Household Brigade : 

The Duchess of Kent and Attendants, in two carriages. 

The Duchess of Gloucester and Attendants, in two carriages. 

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Attendants, in two carriages. 

The Duke of Sussex and Attendants, in one carriage. 

[Tki* part qf the Proceesion wa* under the direction of Lord Alfred Paget, Equerry 

to the Queen, attitted by W. J. Goodwin, Etq. Inspector qfthe Queen' t Stablet'] 



* Of these high functionaries Marshal Soult was the only one noticed by the po- 
pulace, and he was loudly and heartily cheered along the line. AU the Royal Family 
were warmly greeted ; and when her Majesty made her appearance, the sky was con- 
tim»Uy rent with the joyous shout of the midtitudes. Within the abbey the Duke of 
Wellington was welcomed by an enthu^astic thont of applanae. Martial Soolt waa 
•too tlwre moit cordially chtered. 




IfO ^^^PV^^ "^^^ Coronation. l^^S' 

StoQufed Bund of a Regiment of the llotucbolil Brigade. 

The Qneeu'a Barge Master, and the Queen's forty-eight Watermen 

Hea Majkrty'8 CAaaiAUKs, cooTcyiag: 

I. — Two Pages of Honour, James Charles M. Cowell, Esij. and George U. Ca 
diah, Esq.; two Gentlemea''iuhcr8, Major Beresford, and Cnptain Green. 

[S. — Tis'o Pages of Honour, Charles Ellir«, Esq. and the lyird Kilmarnock; two 
Gentlemen-naherii, the Hun. Frederick Byng, and Charles lleneoge, Esq. 

3. — Two Bed'Chamber Women, the Lody Theresa Digby, and the Lady Charlotte 
Copley ; two Grooms in Waiting, the Hon. George Keppel, and Menry Rich, Esq. 

4. — Two Bed-chamber Women, the Lady Harriet Clive, and the Lady Caroline Bar- 
rington ; two Grooma in Waiting, the Hon. William Cowper, and Sir Frederidi^H 
Storin, K.C.B. fl 

5. — Two Maid* of Honour, the Hon. Miss Rice, and the Hon. Miss Murray; the 
Groom of the Rubes, Capt. Francis Seymour; and the Clerk Marshal, the Hon. 
Col. Cavendish. ^_ 

6. — Two Maids of Honour, the Hon. Miss Lister and the Hon. Miss Paget; Keepo^H 
of the Privv Purfte, Sir Henry Wheatley, G.C.U.; and the Vic«-Chamberhdn, thd^^ 
Earl of Belfast, G.C.H. 

7. — Two Maids of Honour, the Hon. Miss Cavendish, and the Hon. MissCocks( 
Treasurer of the Household, the Earl of Surrey ; ond the Comptroller ^of tli 
Household, the Rt. Hon. G. S. Byng. 

H. — ^Two Maids of Honour, the Hon. Miss Dillon, and the Hon. Miu Pitt; two Lord 
in Waiting, the Lord Gardner and the Lord Lilford. 

9. — Two Ladies of the Bed-chamber, the Lady Portman, and the Lady Borham; t« 
Lords in Waiting, the Lord Byron, and the Viscount Falkland, G.CH. 

in. — Two Ladies of the Bed-rhamber, the Lady Lyttelton, and the Marchioness 
Normanby; two Lordji in Waiting, the Viscount Torrington, and the Earl of Ux- 

bridgc. 

1 1 . — Two Ladies of the Bed-chamber, the Countess of Charlemont, and tiic Marw 
chioncsH of Tavistock ; two Lords io WaitiDg, the Earl of Fing&Il, and the Marque 
of Headfort. 

13. — The first and principal Lady of the Bed-chamber, the Mvohioness uf Lans* 
downe; the Lord Chamberlain, the Marquesa of Conynghom, K.P.; and the Lor~ 
Steward, the Duke of Arg7ll, G.C.H. 

A Squadron of the Household Brigade. 
Mounted Bund of a Regiment uf the Household Brigade. 

[TAi* fart qf the Proeenion ivat under the (tirection of Cot. B»cklry, Eijurrrjf to the 
Queen, ansitted 6y R. W. Sjtearman, Ekq. Sec. to the Matter qf the Jiorte.] 



'■"it.i;eHi| 
AdjuUut-g«a. 



Military Stafl' and Aides-de-Comp, on horseback, three and three, .attended by tliaj 
E(|uerry of the Crown Stables, Majur-Gen. Sir G. A. Quentiu. K.C, ii. and the 
Queen's Geutlemon-rider, J. Fozard, Esq. 

Deputy Adjutant-gen. Major-Gen. John Gardiner, C. B. ; Depute 
Royal Artillery, Major-Gcn, .Sir Alex. Dickson, K. C. B. ; Qi; 
Licut.-Geu. Sir J. W. (jordon, Bart. G. C. B. ; Military Sccrrin 
nmnder-in-Chirf, Major-Gen. Lord Fitzroy Sofflereel, K. C. U. 
Mnj'ir-Gen. Sir John Macdunald, K,C.B. 

The lloyal Huntsmen, Yeomen Prickers, and Fureiter*. 

till of her MAJesty's horsc«, with rich trappings, each horse led by tun Rrnnnu. 

The Knight Marshal on Lorarhai^k, Sit C. M. Lamb, tlnr 

1Vlar«halni«n in maka of (b«r. 

Tlie four Exona of tlie Yeomen of the Guard on hora^Vack, 

Oat hundred Tcvuca »r the Guard, four and four. 



^ 



1836,] 



The Coronation . 



191 



Tbft Clerk of tht Cbeoqoe, Enilgn. and Lieateoant of the Yeomen of lh« Guard, 

OD horseback. 
The 9TATC CoA7H. drnwn tiy eight cream -coloured hor«e«, attended by a Yeoman of 
llif On' 1, nnd two Footmen at each Juor, and, oa either aide, by 

l^r r>i Stick, Visctjnnt Combermere, G.C.B. nnd the ra|itAiii of 

tb« TnjuiKi III III! ■T.,,.rd, the Earl of Ikhester, riding on either side, attended by 
two Grvoint each ; conveying 



HER MAJESTY' THE QUEEN, 



ats«adcd 



by the Migtrcss of the Robes, the Duchess of Sutherland, and the Master of 
the Horse, the Esrl of Albemarle, G.C.H. 

n* Captain-General of the Royal Archer Guard of Scotland, the Dnke of Buc- 
clench. K.G. on honteback, attended by two Grooms. 

The Sn»er Stick in Wsuting, The Field-Officer of Foot Guardi in 

Colonel Richardi-uii. Brigade U'aitiitg, Col. Premantle. 

A Squadron of the Household Brigade. 



111 *"' 

yL Ti 

B Piter 



Tbe whole of thii procession was under 
the dtrei-tion of the Ala»ter of tlic Horse, 
the Earl of Albemnrlr. G.C.H. and was 
funned in St. June^'s-pnrk, at H o'clock, 
nd iDOTrd from the Palace at 10 o'clock 
pcecuely, up Coustitation-hill, along Pic- 
okdilly, St. Ja(ne»'B-9trret, Pall Mall, 
Cockspnr-vtreet, Charing-cross, White- 
hall, and Parliament-Mreet, to the West 
door of WestmLMOtrr Abbey.* 

The Peers. '^' " - -. and 

Vttretaei. in . and 

other*, auutuiiji- I , . . . ^ ,, coni- 
d to be present at tbe solemnity, were 
iducteil to the placex asiigned to them 
In We»li«io*ter Abbey, previously to the 
arrival of Her Majeaty j the Lords Spi- 
ritnl on the north nAe of the area or 
tbe Lords Temporal in the 



south transept ; and the Peeresaca in the 
north transept. 

The Great Officers of State, the Arch- 
bidhopt o{ Canterbury, York, and Ar- 
magh, the noblemen appointed to carry 
the Regalia, all in their rob(» of estate, 
and the Bishops who were to support her 
Majesty, a-i well as those who were to 
carry the Bible, the Chidite, and the Pa- 
tina, ajisembled in the Jerutsalem-Cbam- 
ber, adjoining the Deanery, before ten 
o'clock ; where the llegalia, having been 
previoujjly biiil oo the table, were deliver- 
ed by the Lord Chamberlain of the 
Household to the Lord High Constable, 
and bv him to the Lord Wilioughby 
d'Ere*by, as Lord Great Chsniberlain, 
and by his Lordship to the Noblemen by 
whom the same were to be borne. 




4 




•nvc arranirements in the interior of the Abbey were nearly the same as at the 
prr ' ' ' 11, and as are described and represented in some views iu the Gen- 

tli lor Sept IM.'M. Thi^ orchc-«ifru, with a large temporary organ, was 

It.. ■.-. L end of the choir, supported upon an open colonnade or cloister of 

te*! arches ; the gnllcry was calculated to contain 400 performers, more than 
.ble the number cngHged at the Coronation of William the Fourth. The gallery at 
tbe eaat end of the church, beyond the altar, was appropriated to the House of Com- 
mons, and afforded accnmrnmlatinn for 600 persons. Below it, within St, Edward's 
Chapel, was formed the ' : ' Tnvcr-jc aiul retiring closets. There was a second 

gallery above that of tli , and a third, at a great height, for the trumpets. 

The Royal Box was imu <., -Jjovc the sacrarium on the south, and next it, 

towards tbe east, the EnrI .Mai»linrH ; up) iir^ite to the Royal Box was that appro- 
ftriated to the AmbossAdors, and next it the Lord Chamberlain's. In the north tran- 
" t were plsced the Peeresses, m the south the Peers, and behind both those ad- 
ted with Peers' tickets. In the Choir were the Judges, Knights of the Bath, Ai- 
rmen, fitc. The Bishi ; ' ' ••rdinory place on the floor of the sacrarium 
to the north, and the I: i the Prebenilaries of Westminster opposite 
tb«'i" 'ri... .i...-ArnM,,r.. ,. „[ u)dio)stery BHd screen-work (and particu- 
1.1 1 A- altar) were in l>etter and more appropriate, as 
v ' on any former occasion. The temporary weeteru 
tf 1 llic p;iiuud iM:rt:t:iL», were, on the contrary, by DO means so chaste 
nt the precwlinjt Coronation ; though their execution, by Mr. Tom- 
■ ■' n of stone, was very perfect. The royal clioir of, 
111, with arms of lion's heads. Tbe Coronation 
.. ..^v. ;, ■ ... . .iicealcd, we hope for the ia«t time, with a veil of 




mum 



mamm 



jr 






The Sub>Dcan and Prebendaries of 
Weatminster were iu the nsvc, in readi- 
ng* to join the proccssiun, immediately 
before the OflRoers of Arms. 

lier Royal Highness the Princess Au- 
gusta, the Prince George of Cambridge, 
Ibe Princess Augusta of Cambridge, pass- 
ed to the royal box, on the south side of 
the sacrariuia, before the arrival of the 
ttueru. His Iloyal Highness the Dake 
of Nemours, the Princa of Uolstein 
Glueksbourg, the Duke of Coburg, the 
Duke of Nassau, the Prince Ernest of 
Hesse, G.C.B. and the Prince of Leinin- 
gen, K.G. were also, by her Majesty's 
command, conducted to scats in the royal 
box. The Foreign Ambassadors and Mi> 
nisters, upon their arrival, were conducted 
to their tribune over tlie sacrarium. 

On arrival at the west entrance of the 
abbey, her Majesty was received by the 



Great Officers of State, the noblemen 
bearing the Regalia, and Ihe Bishops 
carrying the Patina, the Chalice, and the 
Bible ; when Her Majesty repaired to her 
robing c1ianibi-r, con^truotcd on the ri(;bt 
of the platfonn. The ladies and officers 
of her Majesty's Household, and of the 
respective households of the Princes and 
Princesses, to whom duties were not as- 
signed in the solemnity, immediately pass* 
cd to the placets prepared for them re> 
apectively within the choir. 

Her Majesty, having been robed, the 
Proces:sion then advanced, in the follow- 
ing order, up the nave into the choir 
(the dioristers in the orchestra, under 
the direction of Sir George Smart, Kiit. 
Organist of her Majesty's Cbajiels Royal, 
singing the authem, " / wan glad uken 
thttf laid unlo me, we will go into the 
House fff the Lord," fcc) 



I 



Prebendaries of Westminster : — 
John Jennings, M.A. Henry Hart Milman, M.A. 

Archdeacon H. V. Bayley, D.D. James Webber, D.D. Dean of Ripon. 

W. H. E. Bentinck, M.A. Thomas Causton, D.D. 

The Sub-Dean of We&tminster, the Right Hon. and Rev. Lord John Thynne. 

Pursuivants of Arms, in their Tabards : — 

FitzAlan Extraordinary, Albert William Woodn, Gent. 

Rouge Dragon, T. W. King, Gent. Blucmoude, Geo. H. Rogers Harrison, Gent. 

Rouge Croix, Robert Laurie, Geut. Portcullis, James Pulmnn, Eaq. 

Heralda in their tabards, and collars of SS. : — 

Chester. Wolter Aston Blount, Esq. Lancaster, George Fred. Belti, Esq. K.H. 

York, Charles Geo, Yonng, Esq. Windsor, Francis Martin, Esq. 

Richmond, Joseph Hawker, Esq. 

Treasurer of Her Majesty's Household, 

the Earl of Surrey (attended by two gentle- 

uien), bearing the crimsoa bag with medkb. 



Somerset, Jos. Cathrow-Disucy, Esq. 



Comptroller of Her Majesty's 
Household, 
the Right Hon. George Stevens Byng. 

Her Majesty's Vice-Chamberlain, the Earl of 

Belfast. G.C.II. (actia« for the Lord Cham- 
berlain) attended by on Officer of the Jewel-office, 
William Martins, Esq. bearing on a cusliion the 
Ruby Ring and the Sword for the offeriug. 



The Lord Steward of Her Majesty's 

Ilousehold, 

theDukeof Argyll. G.C.H. 

hia coronet carried by a Page. 



The Lord President of the Council, the Marquess of Lansdowne, K.U. 
his coronet carried by a Page. 

The Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Lord Pluiiket, 
attended by his Purse-bearer ; his coronet carried by a Page. 

The Lord Archbishop of Armagh, the Right Hon. Lord John George Bcreaford, D.D. 
in his rochet, with hia cap in his hand. 

The Lord Archbishop of York, Edward Hareourt, D.C.L. 
in his rochet, with hi* cap in his hand. 

The Lord High Chancellor, Lord Cotteuhaiii, attended by his Pane-beirer; 
bis coronet carried by a Page. 

Tlir LuiJ Archbishop of Canterbury, William ilowley, D.D. tn hia I'ocbct, i 
hit cap In hia hand, attcDded by two Gentlemen. 



let i<«yul I |i 1 " 
velvet. 

L«d> L. 

10 



pur 



bold i bo- curoDct boiiio by Viicoant VUiieri 



183«.] 



Coronation. 



11 



In Ba]r«l ntghii«u the Docaxta or Kknt, in a robe of estate of purple TelvetJ 

Kod wearing a circlet uf gold on lior hcflj ; her train borne by Larly Flora 

lltutiugs, assisted by a Gentleman of hor Houseliolil ; her 

coronet borne by Viscount Morpelh- 

Ivf Rojral II!ghne<s the DucirKSB or Gloucestkr, in a robe of estate of puqd(| 

wltet, and wearing a circlet of gold on her head ; her train borne by Lndy 

Caroline Leggu. atiiated by Col. Sir Samuel G. Hi^Kiu», K.C'.ll. ; 

her coronet borne by Viscount Emlyn. 



. Mwtrd's Stair, 



Tbb Rkgalia, viz. 
The Golden Simrs, 



The Scpptro with the CroM, 



borue by llie 

Duke of Cleveland ; 

bis coronet carried 

by a Page. 
The Second Sword, 

borne by the 
Duke of Sutherland ; 



I bjr the borne by Lord Byroni 

'Roibiirgfae; (aa Deputy to the 

coronet carried Bsroness Grey de Rutbyn) ; 

by a Page. hij coronet carried by a Page. 

The Tliird Sword, C'urtana, 

borne by the borne by the 

|tiia of Wcatminster; Duke of Dcvomtbirc, K.G. 

their coronets each carried by a Page. 
Black Rod, Deputy Garter, 

Sir Aogustus W. J. Clifford, Knt. C.B. Sir William Woods, Knt. Clarencenx, K. 
The Lord Willoughby d'Bresby, as Lord Great Chamberlain of England ; 
his coronet borne by a Page. 

|i* Royal Highnejs the Dukk of Cambridgs, K.G. in liia robes of pJtate, carrying 

hi« bdlon as Field Marshal ; his coronet borne by the Marquess of Gnuiby ; 

his train borne by Major-Gen. Kir Wm, Maynard Gomm, K.C.B. 

His Royat lliijhness the Duke or Sussex, K.G. in his robes of estate ; hit coront 

carried by Vise. Anson ; his train borne by the Hon. Edward Gore, 

assisted by Viscount Coke. 

The High t:onst.able of Ireland, The High Constable of Scotland, 

the Dnke of Leinster ; the Earl of ErroU, K.T. ; 

hia coronet borne by a Page. his coronet borne by a Page. 

Tlie Lord HighConstoble 



The Earl Marshal 

of England, 

the Dnke of Norfolk, E.G. 

with his baton, 

attended by two Pages. 

The Sceptre with the Dove, 

borne by (he 

.J)vke of Kiohmond, K.G. ; 

hia coronet carried 

by a Page. 

The Patin*. 



Chrisi 



L'.D. 



The Sword of State, 

borne by 

Viscount Melbotime j 

his coronet 

earned by a Page. 

St. Edward's Crowni 

borne by the 
Lord High Steward, 
Dnke of Hamilton, K.G.; 
attended by two I'ages. 
The Bible, 
borne by the 
Bishop of Winchester, 
Charles Richard Sumucr, D.D 



of England, 

the Duke of Wellington, K. 

with his stalf and baton 

as Field Marshal ; 
atteaded by two Pages. 
The Orb, 
borne by the 
Duke of Somerset, K.G. 
his coronet carried 
by a Page. 
Tlie Chalice, 
borne by the 
Bishop of Lincoln, 
John Kaye, D.D. 



THE QUEEN 

in her royal robe of crimson rclret, 

The Bishop furred with ermine and bordered with The Bishop 

of gold lace ; wearing the collars of of 

Bath and Wells, the Orders of the Garter, Thistle, Bath, Durham, 

George flenry I>tw, and St. Patrick .- on her head a Edward Maltby, 

D.D. circlet of goU ; D.D. 

Her Majesty's Troin borne by 
'irret. Lady CaroliDe>Amclin,<Gordon t>enooz. 

,nlwth Towper. Lady Mury-Alethea-Ucotru Tulbot. 

«nt. ■ " Arilliam. Lady Cath.-Lncy-Wilhelmitia Stanhop 

a Grimstou. Lady Louisa-Harriet Jenkinson. 

1^. . L .crUiuof the Household, the Marqueu Conyngbam, K. 

(Tiu coronet home by a Page), followed by the Groom of the Robe*,— Capt. Fr 
Ga.x' Mid. Vol . X. 'i C 



M 



mtuM 



194 



The Coronation. 



[Aug. 



Seymour. On dtlier «ide of her MajcBty walked ten GenflemrtJ at Arms, with their 
Lieatenant, Standard- Bcnr<*r, Clerk of the Checqiie, and Harbinger. 

The Dachcss of Sutherland, Mistress of the Uobcs. 
Murcbioness of l^nsdowne, Fir»t and Principal Lady of tlie Be<lcUftuibcr. 

Tidies of the Bedchamber, vix. Marchioness of Normanby, Marchioness of TavigCoi'k, 
CouatesK of Chnrlemont, Lndy Lylti'lton, Lady Ijarham, and Ludy Portman. 

Maid» of Honcur, viz. Hon. Marpiret Dillon, Hon. Harriet Pitt, Hon. Caroline Cocks, 
Hon. Mi»« Murray, Hon. Matilda Paget, Hon. Miss Cavcndiaii, Hon. Mii>s iipring 
Rice, and Hon. Miaa Lister. 

Women of the nedchannber : Viscoantess Forbes, Lady Theresa Dighy, Lady Harriet 
Clive, I>ady Caroline Barriugton, Lady Charlotte Copley, Hon. Mrs. Campbell, 
Hon. Mrs. Brand, and I^ndy Gardiner. 

LThe Gold Stick of the Life GuariU in The Master of the Horse, 

Iting', Viscount Combcnncre, G.C.B.; the Earl of Albemarle, G.C.H. ; 

hi» coronet borne by a Page. his coronet borne by a Page. 

The Captahi -General of the Royal Archer Gnard of Scotland, tlie Duke of Duccleucb, 

K.G. ; his coronet borne by a Page. 

The Captain of the Ycninen of the Guard, The Captain of the Band of Gentienien at 

the Earl of llcbester ; Arms, I^rd Foley ; 

his coronet borne by a Page. lug coronet borne by a Page, 

The Lords in Waiting: Marquess of Headfort, Earl of Fingall, Earl of Uxbridgc, 
Vucount Falkland, G.C.H. , Viscount Torringtou, Lord Lilford, and Lord Gardner. 

Keejier of bor Majesty's Privy Purse, Major-ticn. .Sir H. Wheatley, G.C.IL 
Ensign of the Yeomen of the Guard, Lieutenant of the Yeomen of the Guard, 
G. Houlton, Emi. Sir Edwin Pearson, Knt. 

Exoos of the Yeomen of Clerk of the Checrjne Exona of the Yeomen of 

the Guard, to the Yeomen of the Guard, 

Samuel Hancock, Esq. the Guard, Sir Thomas Horslcy Curteis. 

William BeUaira, Esq. .Tohn ElI<;rthorpe, Esq. John Purkc-r Nuttall, Esq. 

Twenty Yeomen of the Guard. 

The Prebendaries entering the choir, of their Royal Higlinusses, wi»nl to the 
ascended the the.-itre, and paired to their 
station on the south «ide. of the altar, be- 
yond ihe Queen's clwir. The Lord .Stew- 
ard of the Household passed tn his f^eat as 
a peer; and the Vice-Chauiberlain and 
Comptroller of her Majesty's Hou.-iehold 
passed to the seals jirovided for tlu'ni on 
the south side of Ihe choir, and the Trea- 
surer of the Household to u se^t on the 
south side of the sacrai-ium. Tlie Lord 
ArchhiBhops of York and Armagh pa.ssed 
to their seatA on the north side of the 
sacrm'ium, and the Lord Chancellor of 
Ireland to his seat aa n peer. The Sub- 
Dran of Westminster (oflicialing for the 
Ocnn), the Great Officers of State, vis. 
Ihe l^ird High Chancellor, the Ix)rd Privy 
Seal, the Lord Great Chamberlain, the 
Lord IliRh Conitahlc, the Earl Marshal, 
with the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, 

fuded the theatre, and stooil •'•• 

St !,i)Ulli-ea(»l jiillar. 'I'lic < 

*Wie blood Hot III, and the nt<' 
hfir Royiil Hishne->*es, were comlarUiil 
hy I lu: officers of arni< to ihe rrvnl lux 
nie Primrrs of ll 
conducted In their - 

ntttcer* of aruii ; hh" mi- im.ihi .n, n n,... 
carried Hip cvruneta, uud the trutnbrarrrs 



places provided for lliem. The High Con- 
stables of .Scotl-tnd and Ireland were eon- 
ducted to their places, as peers. The 
pnges of those noblemen not bearing the 
Regalia or having duties to ])«rfam), upon 
ascending the steps of the theatre, deli- 
vered the ci>ronets and staves, which they 
had carried, to the respective noblemen, 
and went to the scats provided fur them ; 
where they rcmaincil until nfler the return 
of the proecflsion, which they itid not join, 
but proceeded to the Jtvru.iatem Chandler. 
The Gi-ritlenien at Arms, who gttarded 
her Majesty, remained at the foot of the 
stcp& ascending to the theatre. 

The Queen, aiceniUng the theatre, 
pasicd on the south side of her throne, 
to linr chair of state. On the south-east 
side of the theatre, bring the Rkcukni. 
Tin>f Chaih, and, after her private devo- 



tion (kne«'lin? on he 
Kent ; the BishopK, l< 
ing on each side ; Ili> 
the Poor Sword k on lirr ^ 
hnnd, the Swnvd "f Stntr I 



took her 
<, stand- 

, I.. 



I'linng 

to 

i '■ I ■ira- 

on 

the Nohletnrn bearing the Regalia, the 



1838.] 



Thf Coronation. 



IM 



Sab. Dean of ^Ve»tmmstcr, Deputy Gar- 
ter, and Binck llod, standing n«tir Ihe 
^ucen'i chair ; the Gi.ibops Iwurini; the 
liblc. the Chalice, and the I'utina, stootl 
ear t^ [ '-■ - ,' t' ■'■ ■ vrg, the 
»() < Ul, nnii 

rtbeGi I Majesty. 

The Mistress of the Kobcs and the Im- 
die* of the Ucilehaiiibcr poascil to the 
«L« prrparcd for tlicrn oa the sorth side 
' the sjicrarium, at the west end of the 
sbopi' bencbeK ; the Mnida of Honour 
ad the WomcD of the Bedchaiubcr went 
the teats provided for Ibcm oa the 
lutb tide of the choir. The Master of 
Horse, Che Gold Stick, the Captaiu* 
leneral of the Archer Guard of Scotland, 
i Captain of tl>e band of Gcntleuicu nt 
rms, the Captain of the Veomcn uf the 
ruard, and Use Lords in NS'aitin)^, passed 
their »eats aa jieers ; and the Keeper 
her Majesty's Privy Parse to a seat pro- 
ided fur him on the south side uf the 
lioir. The Officers of the Yeomen of the 
}uard and the £xods stood within aud 
Kr to the choir door ; and the Yeomen 
the Guard stood in the nave on the 
itaide of tlie entrance to the choir. Aa 
lie procptsion passed up the choir to the 
keatre, the Queen's Scholars of West- 
er, from the Lower Choir Galleries, 
her Majesty with repeated shouts 
Of** Vi VAT Victoria Kegina." 

T8K RECOONinOK. 

Upon tbe conclusion of the anthem, 

the Archbishop of Canterbury advanrt-d 

from his station at the south -ca&t pillar, 

and, together nith the Lord Chancellor, 

the Ijoril Great Chamberlain, the Lord 

|Digh Constable, and the Earl Marshal, 

preceded by Di'puty Gortftr, moved to the 

St side of the Tlieatre, where the Arch- 

ifkisbop made Uic Recognition thns : — 

** Sirr, I here preaicnt untii you Queen 

VicToniA, the undoubted Qvken of this 

Realm ; wherefore, all you who arc come 

this day to do your Homage, Arc you 

uillia^ to do the same?" and rci>catcd 

'Jh« aame at the south, west, and north 

idea of the theatre ; during which time 

Br Majesty stood up by her chair, snd 

nod towards the jieople on the side 

which the Recognition was made : 

lie people replying to each demand with 

»ud and repeated acclamatiunif of " Gou 

HVBEJ* Victoria ;" and, at the 

dtioo, the truropeta sounded 

'♦!»»• fif.r«. h.".r Ti." i^earers of the 

»1i ion remained 

Bdi. 

Her Mt^esty thtn rcsunivd bor seat ; 
and the Millie, Cbalioe, >in<) *hn Pxliiia 



I 



i..v v...at 



Officers resumed their station near hf 
Majesty. Two Officers of the Wnrdroll 
iben spread a rich cloth of gold, and Is 
a cuitliion on tlie snme, for her Majetity I 
kneel on, .-it the stepN of the altar. Tt 
Archbishop of Canterbury then proceedj 
to the oltnr, |)Ut on his cope, and stoi 
on the north bide. The Uiiihops who rci 
the litany ako rested themselves in the 
copes. 

TlIK riKBT OrFEBINC. 

The Queen, attended by the two Bishof 
her supporters, and the Sub-Dean of Wcs 
minster, the Great Officers, and the Nc 
bicroen beariuij; the Rcgnlia and the foil 
Swords, going before her Majesty, passed 
to the altar. Her Majesty, then knceliii_ 
npon the cufshion, made her firiit Olfcrin| 
of a ]iaU or attnr-cloth of gold, whicli wn 
delivered by an officer of the Wardrobe tQ 
Uic Lord Chfimberlnin, by his I^rdshi| 
to the Lord Great Chamberlain, and 
him to the Queen, who gave it to tb 
Archbishop of Canterbury, by whom 
was placed on the altar. The Treasure 
of the Household then delivered an inga 
of gold, of one pound weight, to the Lor 
Great Chamberlain, who having ]iresen(c 
the same to the Queen, her Majesty deliJ 
vered it to the Archbishop, who put ft 
into the oblation-basin. 

Her Majesty continuing to kneel, the ^^ 
prayer " God, who ilwfllett in the Aijfit^^ 
and holy place, ^' fee. was said by th^^| 
Archbishop. At the conclusion of the 
prayer, her Mnjesty arose and went, at- 
tended as before, to the chair uf stale on 
the south side of the area. The Uegalii 
except the Swords, were then delivered 
by the several noblemen who bore thj 
same, to the Archbishop, and by his Grac 
to the Sub-Dean of Westminster, to ba 
liOid on the altar ; the Great Officers of 
State (with the exception of the Lord \ 
Great Chamberlain), and the nobk<mcl~ 
who had borne the Uegalia going to tlio 
respective places on the sonth side 
the altar, where they remained until tlid 
Inthronizatiun ; the Bishop of Duiha 
rcmaioiiig on the right band of her Ma 
jesty, with the noblemen carrying thg 
Swords ou his right hand ; Ihe Bi<ihop 
Hatli and Wells ou her Majei<ty's luf 
hand; and, near him, the Lord Gres 
Chamtierlain . The noblemen bearing tlid 
Swords continued to stand on the sout 
side of the area until the liithroniutiou 

The litany was then read by the Bishop 
of Worcester and St. David's, kneeling i 
ft f.ildfitool al>ova the steps of thf- lluatrq 
iu the centre of the cost side thereof, 
choir reading the responses. At the cor 
ilusiiMi of the litany, the Bishops resuma 
thfir beats on the bench along the uorti 
side of the area. 



at- 

e^H 
th^H 



"^■^- 



I 

t 



* 



The Commvmtoti Senice (^irtTiously to 
which the choir sang the Sancltir — 
" //o/y .' Holy : HoUj .' J^rd Gnd nf 
Jloth."') was then commeaced by «h<j 
Arcbbishfip, the Bishop of Rochester 
reading the Epistle, and the Bishop of 
rnrlialr the GoBpcl. This piirt of the 
service being concluded, the Bishops re- 
tomed to their $eat«. 

The Seraion was then preached by Itic 
Bishop of London. During the sermon 
lier Mttjejty continued to »il in her chair 
on the south side of the area, opposite the 
pulpit ; supported, on her right baud, by 
the Bishop of Durham, and, beyond him, 
on the came side, stood the Noblemen 
cAiTying the Swords ; on her left, the 
Bi»hop of Bath and Wells, aod, near him, 
the Lord Great Chamberlain. Tlic Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury took his seat in a 
purple velvet chair on the north side of 
the area. Deputy Garter slandin^ near 
him. The Sub-Dean of Westminster 
Btauding oa the south side of the area, 
east of the Queen's chair, and ueai the 
altar. 

THE OATH. 

The Sermon Iwing concluded (and her 
Majesty having, on Monday the itHli day 
of November, 18.17, in the presence of 
the two Houses of Parliament, made and 
aiRned the Declamtion), the Archbishop 
of Cantcrbary advanced totrard« tlie Queen , 
and stOAding before her, ministered the 
questions prescribed by the service ; which 
having been nn^wcrc<^ by her Majesty, she 
arose from her chair, and, attended by 
her Supporters and tlie Lord Great Cham- 
berlain, the Sword of State alone being 
borne before her Majesty, went to the 
altar, where, kneeling upon the cushion 
placed on the steps, ond laying her riifht 
hand on the Holy Gospels, tendered to 
her Majesty by the Archbishop, she took the 
Coronation Oath, kLiisedthe book, and to 
a transcript of the Oath set her royal sign 
manual, the Lord Chamberkin of the 
Household holding a silver statiifish for 
that purpose, delivered to him by an 
officer of the Jcwcl-OfRcc. 

The Queen then returning to her chair, 
where her Majesty hud tat during the 
Sermon, on the south Hide of the area, the 
hymn was sun« by the choir, the Arch- 
bishop rending the fii^l line, " C'owr, holy 
GhQitf our Souit inspire," &c. 




TBB AXOIXTIXC. 




r,. 

Ar.-i. 
the 


the 
to 


v/>. 




mns' 




Prophet*;' *tc. At tJic 
iUI» prayer, ll«c choir aaii. 





" Zailfth tkf PHnt and Nathan Iht 
Pniiihet," &c. At the conimeniTdient 
of the anthem, the Qncen an i ''t-r 
chair, and, attended by hi' n 

and the Lord Great Chamu. riim, tlie 
Sword of State being borne before her, 
retired to her traverse, where she was 
disrobed of her crimson robe by the Mis- 
tress of the Robes. 

The Queen, returning from her traTcrtFt 
then proceeded to and sat down in St. 
Edward'* Chair, covered with cloth of 
gold, and with a faldstool beforr it. placed 
in front of the aitor ; four Kuights <.f the 
Garter, viz. the Dnke nf Rutlaml, the 
Marquess of Anglesey, the Marquess of 
Exeter, and the Duke of Bucelench (sum- 
moned by Deputy Garter), holding over 
the Queen's head a rich pall or cloth of 
gold, delivered to them by the Lord 
Chamberlain, who received the same from 
nn officer of the Wardrobe ; and, the an- 
thrm being concluded, the Sub-Denn of 
Westminster took from the altar the .\m- 
puiln containing the consecrated oil, and 
pouring some into the Anointing Spoan^ 
the Archbishop anointed her Majesty on 
the head and hands, in the form of a cross, 
pronouncing the words, *■' Be T^ou anoint- 
ed,^' dec. 

The Queen then kneeling at her fiild- 
stool, the Archbishop, standing on the 
north side of the altar, pronounced tli« 
Prayer afcer the Anointing ; when her 
Majesty, arising, resumed her seat in St. 
Edward's Chair ; the Knights of the 
Garter returned the poll to the Lord 
C'hambcrloin (which was by him re- 
delivered to the oflScer of the Wardrobe), 
and returned to their seats. 

TUB spun 8. 
After this, the Sub-Dean took the Spora 
from the altar, and delivered them to the 
Lord Great Chamberlain, who, kneeling 
down, presented them to her Majesty, by 
whom they were returned, to be Lud upon 
the altar. 

THR fiWORD. 

The Viscount Mi-lhourae, carrying the 
Sword of State, now delivered it to the 
LordChamberiain, and, in lieu thereof, re- 
ceived from him another Sword in a scab* 
bard of purple vplvct (presented to the Lord 
Chamberlain bv an Officer of tlie Jewel. 
'"" • • ■■ ' ' •' '- Hof 

<o 

'■"•, 

and said the Prayer, ' ' Hear otir /V«y«r», 
<■' f 'trii, Vf- l}tirf->-rh Tftf^. m/t .m tfirtvt 




iricaiNC or TBR SWORD. 

1>ir ()iMva, then risine up, went to Llie 

}' ^' •■ -Twc.l the 

N ig it to the 

, [: the attar <, 

! tbm Rttimed to nnii Nit down in 8t, 
W««id'« Chair : the «word was thro re- 
4ecnMl for one faatidred shiUioga by Vi«- 
coaal Melbourne, who re«"iveJ it from 
Uk Sab. Dean ' ' ' — the 

imiiii^er of ' HrAt 

(jfavn U out ..f ! . . '.vored 

ihr !i officer of tbe Mwdrobe. 

Tit' M'>pa and UishopA, who had 

>»ux1l(1 liunng the Offering, r«;tiimed to 
thrjr fiikcen. 

THE ixvcanxc with rnt maxtlk 
Akd oklivcry or the obu. 
T '"' 'icT Mnjesly 

WT, I with the 

Itl 1^ '>f-, of 

rl" rticer 

of' aber- 

hi 

. down, the Arch> 
ivcil the Orb froin tbe 
i it into the Queen's 
•Hp M iiij, ■ ' Reeeiee lhi» Imperial 

H '." &c. Her Majesty then 

Orb to the Sub-Dean, who 
I tt nn the altar. 

TRC XING. 

The Lord Chamberlain of Her Majesty's 

loxjtchi*iW thrn receiving from the officer 

the Ruby Ring, de- 

I the Archbishop, who 

It It iMi un T'Mirtri finger of the Queen's 

rlglit hand, saying ^* Jlecfivt ihi» R'mg,^' 

ate. 

TUB SCEPTRKS. 

TTu? Siih-Dean next brought frora the 
M' i (re with the Crosd and the 

?■ the Dove, and delivered 

t' irchbishop. 

:i time the Duke of Norfolk, 
as l^iru cii the Manor of Worksop, left 
hU »iwit, and (ip)»roai.'hiiig the Queen, 
kn««ling, presented to her Majesty a 
Olflire, for her rv{ht hand, i-mhroidercd 
Wth thr inn? of Howard, which her 

' tlicn delivered the 

rijj[ht hand. 

ftcriilif." \. . ., . :i 

t' ml, saying, " He- 

r- y," i\c. ; and the 

• ' .|i|uiiU;d hci Miijcsly's 

r' id Ihc Sccptrv m oc- 
Ca*iuu rc'juiicii. 



THE CROWNING. 

Tlic Ai '■' ■ !!iig before the 
;Aitar, and .- I's Crown he- 
fore hitu, I .■■■■.. liito his hands, 

consecrated and blej-«cd it, witli the prayer, 
" O God, v>hn crownfit (hf/ faiil{ful Str- 
rnnlt trtth Mercy," &c. Theu the Arch- 
bishop came from the ultar, assisted by 
the Archbishops uf York aud Armagh, 
with the Hinhops of London, >Vinchester, 
and other Bisliops, the Sub- [Jean of West, 
minster carrying the Crown, which the 
Archbishop took and plticed it on her 
Majesty'ii head ; when the people, with 
loud and repeated shouts, cried, " Gon 
SAVE THE QtiKKS :'" and immediately 
the Peer* and Pcercsae* present put on 
their coronets, the Bishops their caps, 
aud Deputy Garter King of Arini> hii 
Crown ; the trumpets sounding, tlie 
drums beating, and tbo Tower and Park 
guns tiring by signal. 

The nrclamation ceiuing, the Arch- 
bishop pronounced the exhortation : " Be 
tttronij and of a ijood courage,'''' &c. The 
choir then bang the anthem, " Tht Queen 
ihall rejuke,'" 

THE HOI.Y BIDLG. 

The Sub-Mean then taking the Holy 
Bible from the alter, delivered it to the 
Archbishnp, who, ntteoded and atsiited 
by •' ' i«liop8 and Bi8ho])S m 

bell 11 the Chiecn, saying, 

" 0„, w,.,.,.,.,., i.{;rrn," &e. The Queen 
returnBd the Bildfi to the Archbishop, 
who gavT it to the Sub-Dean, by whom it 
WB!i replaced oo the altar, tbe Archbishops 
and Bishops returning to their seats. 

THE BKNXDICTION AND TE PECM. 

The Archbbho]! then pronounced tbe 
Benediction, the Bishop and Peerb follow- 
ing every port thereof with a loud Amcn. 
The Archbishop theu turning to the peo- 
ple »aid, " And Ihe tame Lord God Al- 
mighty grant," &o. The TV Drum was 
sui4g by the choir, at the commencement 
of which the Queen removed to the Re- 
cognition Chair on which her Mtgestj 
iiriit sat, on the south-east side of the 
throne, the two Bishops her Snpportera, 
tlic (ircnt Officers of State, the noblemsft 
carrying the Swords, and the uublq 
who had borne the Regalia, coming j 
their respective places and attend 
Majesty. 

THE INTI1RONIBA.TIOM. 

Te Deum being ended, the Queen as- 
cended the theatre, and was lifted into. 

I,,-, rl,,.,,„ I,.- i;,.. \,..|,l,i.l„..,. U.-hopg, 

Ving,; 
>.. : , - 1 •., ofl 

Suite, tilt; uuOkiitiu lH;Aau^ ;lic 6wiird«, 
oud the noblcmea who had borne tho^ 

othw Rag«ii«, itood vouoU abott i^i 



HyH 



am^ 



198 



The Coronation. 



[Aug. 



steps of the throne : ivhcnthc Archbishop, 
Btandiog b«forc the Quceu, pronouaccd 
the ezhortatioD, " Stand firm and hold 
fast," &c. 

TIte UOMAGB. 

The exhortation being ended, Her 
Majesty delivered the Sceptre with the 
Cross to the Duke of Norfolk as the Lord 
of the Manor of Worksop, to hold the 
same ua her right hand, aud the Sceptre 
with the Dove to the Duke of Richmond, 
to hold the same on her left Uond, during 
the Homage. 

The Arehhishop of Canterbury then 
knelt before the Queen, and, for himself 
nnd the other Lords Spiritual, viz. the 
Arcbbi^bops of York and Armagh, nnd 
twenty-one Bishops, pronounced the words 
of Homage, they kneeling around him, and 
Baying after him. The Archbishop then 
kissed her Majesty's hand, and the rest 
of the Lords Spirituul did the same, and 
retired. 

Then their Royal Highnesses Augustas- 
Frederick Duke of Sussei, K. G. nnd 
Adolphus- Frederick Duke of Cambridge, 
K.G. ascending the steps of the throne, 
and taking off their coronets, knelt before 
the Uueen ; and the Duke of Sussex pro- 



nounced the words of Homaj^c, the Duke 
of Cambridge saying after him. Tlieir 
Royal Highnesses then severally touched 
the Crown upon her Majesty's head, kissed 
her left cheek, and retired. 

Then Jlernard-Edward Duke of Nor- 
folk, K.G. ascended the steps of the 
throne, and, tokingofT his coronet, knelt be- 
fore the Queen, and, for himself and other 
Dukes present (in number sLitecn), pro- 
nounced the words of Homage, the othrj 
Dukes putting olT their coronets, kneeling 
with him, and abonthlni, and saying after 
him. The Dukes, fluocessively and ac- 
cording to tlicir senic'rit)', then touched 
her Majesty's Crown, kissed her Majes- 
ty's hand, and retired. The like cere- 
mony was then performed by George 
Marquess of Huntly, K.T. and twenty- 
one other Marquesses there present ; by 
John Earl of Shrewsbury, and ninety- 
three other Earls ; by Henry Visuount 
Hereford and nineteen other Viscount-s; by 
George-Edward Lord Audley and ninety- 
one other Barons.* During the jwr- 
formancc of the Homage, the choir sung j 
the anthem, (composed for the occasion 
by Mr. Knyvctt,t the Organist to th«l 
Abbey,) " TAit it the day which the LardS 
hath made," Stc. and theTreajiurcr of her I 



* The names of all the Peers and Pceresisea present are recorded in the I.,ondonl 
Gazette, No. 19,'jJv. The whole nttmber of Peers of the three Kingdoms (before the J 
creations made at the Coronation) was about .^-iO, of whom 'J43 or more than three- 
■evenths were present. At the Coronation of William the Fourth there were present I 
only I6<i oat of .SIO, or not quite one-third. Many of the Peers of Ireland are still I 
not legally entitled to their privileges, from not having proved their titles before tho j 
Honse of Lords, though very many have done so during the past reign. Tlie] 
Marquess and Marchioness of Normanby appeared in their new rank ; whilst Ltird atid j 
Lady King (now Eorl and Countess of Lovelace) were ploced only iu their former I 
grade. The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland had been introduced to the House of LnrdaJ 
as B Marquess the day before. The Duke of Wellington was very generally cheered j 
when he performed his homage. The next Peer so noticed was Earl Grey, and thai 
only others were Lord Melbourne nnd Lord Hill. When Lord RoUe came in hi«l 
torn, an incident occurred which called forth loud plaudits, as evincing a most kinitj 
and ami-ible condescension on the part of the Queen. His Lordship, from his reeblsl 
and infirm stale, fell in ascending the steps ; whereupon h<;r Majesty rose from her seat]! 
crtendcd her hand to him to kiss, and expressed a hope that his Ijordship was not huruj 
This act of royal and gracious kindness was instantly felt and appreciated by ail th« 
apeetators, who loudly and zealously applauded it. When the Peers had done theii 
homage, the House of Commons, determined not to be outdone in the nianifedtalion 
loyalty, immediately gave, every man, nine loud and hearty cheers, acconip.inied witlil 
reiterated cries of "God save Queen Victoria!" The simulrnn»:nu«. bin t *■ ' .j' 
feeling teemed as if it had been provided for in the programme. The .issi ^^ 
tiludes in the galleries and vaultings were not behind "her Majesty's faiu; 
mens" in their enthusiasm, but caught up and repeated the shouts until the vanlfr 
roof and arches of the whole sacred edifice mnpr with one universal nrrlaim. 

■f The performance of the music : : lion j and <: 

— Mr. Knyvelf* antliem, and Sir i 'xs or»d K' 

mandments. — werr " ' - ^-^istcil nt .i- 

►' I was glad ;*' II and "Tl 

jllil-C;" no\.'r'. , . ; !lfini> - ill* li 

1' itted lorih' 

<i - . Pith the • iU 

vl the Uha|icLi ilt^jai, wlio tYurt Lhcii ulUcuU scarlet costumv. 




» 




lUiaty* HonMhoWl tlireir about the 
Caconatioii MedaU.* 

Tbe PeersMei present, bende* the three 

of the Blood Roysl already 

HMnrtmiol. vcre dcvea DnchetMS (in- 

■rtfUt^g the i l ow igei ' Oachesis of Rich- 

nond). tea Marchionesses (one dowager, 

Coajnfham). fifty-ctx CouatHseaf (in- 

inj tia dowagers), thirteen Viscoant- 

(two dowagers), and aixCy.eigLt 

(screa dowBgen).^ 

TH> BOLT BACSAMKVT. 

tiie anthem, the Bishops of 
f*giHilfi and Rochester, who had read the 
Bplatle and Gospel, received from the 
alUr. by the hands of the Archbishop, 
the Patina and the Chalice, which they 
carried into St. Edward's Chapel, and 
hronght from thence tlie bread npon the 
Patina, and the wine in the Chalice. Her 
Majesty then delivered the Sceptres to 
the Dnkes of Norfolk and Richmond, 
and descended from her throne, attended 
by her Supporters, and, assisted by the 
Lnrd (ircat Chamberlain, the Sword of 
State being borne before her, went to the 
altar, and, taking; off licr Crown, delivered 
it to the Lord Great Chamberlain to hold, 
'■■' Rishops delivered 
into the Queen's 
' , y gave thcin to the 
Archbishop, who, liaving said tlie prayer, 
'• BitM, Ltrd" &c. reverently placed 
the same upon the altar, covering them 
with a fiir hnen cloth. The Queen still 
kaeeling, then made her 

CECOND OrrBRINO, 

(a PuT<e of Gold) , which tlie Treasurer of 
the IIr>usehold delivered to the Lord 
Great Chamberlain, and hu Lord.^hip to 
h*r Majesty, from whom the Archbishop 
reeeised it. The Arrhbiithop then rend 
the Pruycr, " O Um\, whu d-wtllnt ,^'' &c. 
when hrr Mojcsty went to her chair on 
il; Me of the aren, and knelt at 

V :. 

1... ...iJibishop and the Sub-Dean, 

with ttic lii»ho|>« Assistants, namely, the 



Preacher, and those who had read th« 
LitAoy, and the Epistle and Gospel, 
having rominunicated, her Majesty ap- 
pmacheJ the altar, and received the Socra- 
roi'ni, the Arrhhjshnp ndniinis'tering the 
bread, and the Sub- Dean the cup. 

The Qneen then received the Crown 
from the Lord Great Chamberlain, put it 
on, and repaired to her Throne i taking 
again the Sceptre with the Cross in her 
richt hand, and the Sceptre with tha 
Dove in her left ; bciu;; there sup])orted 
and attended as during the Inthronixation* 
The Archbishop proceeded with tlie Com- 
munion Service, at the end of which, the 
choir sang the anthem, " Hallehjah ! 
for the Uiri Gad Omnipolent rtigueth .' " 
fee. ; and the same being concluded, the 
.\rchbbhop read the (iual prayers, and 
pronounced the blessing. 

The Service being concluded, her 
Majesty, attended by the two Oisfaops her 
snpportors, the great officers of state, the 
noblemen bearing the Pour Swords before 
her, and the noblemen who had carried 
the Regalia then lying upon the nltor, 
descended into the area, and passed 
through the door on the south side into 
St. Edward's Chapel; the noblemen who 
had carrii'd the Regalia, receiving tlicm 
again from the Sub-Dean as they passed 
by, who thereupon also passed into tbo 
chapel ; the organ and other instrumenta 
all the while playing. Her Majesty being 
in the chapel, and standing before tlie 
Altar, delivered the Scej)tre with the 
Dove, which her Majesty had borne iu 
her left hand, to the Archbishop, who 
laid it upon the altar. Her Majesty was 
then disrobed of hrr royal Imperial Mantle 
or robe of state, and nrraye<i in her royal 
robe of puqile velvet. The Archbishop 
then placed the Orb in her Majesty's left 
hand. The Noblemen who had carried 
the Gold Spurs, and St. Edward's SUlf, 
di-iivered the same to the Sub-Dean, to 
be by him deposited on the altar in the ' 
chaitel. Whilst her Miyesty wns in St. 
Edward's Chapel, the Officers of Annaj 



* Tlir Coronation Medal bears on its obverse a profile head of her Majesty ; oa \ 

«1 - - '• the Queen seated, and three female figures, representing the three King- 

.1 cr stretchinc; forth to her a crown, corresponding with the inscriptioa 

II) :>uttiLK RKONL'M; behind the Queen':* throne is the Kritiib liun« 

tping n thunderbolt. The design is goi)d. though the attitude of the females is 
rl«t«<i n pnro'ly of David'H picture of the three Horalii, nnd thr crown tlcy offer 
t^ " I iTown ; the execution i« generijl'' ly in« , 

(. In! drapery, nnd even Sijrnor I'isli ,) tOf 

B.l <l, n I'ircijiniiljiiici' nHrrilM^d hy tlic . '■..... ,v .i,..;,>ii th#| 

Huuic of I '■• the Siifimr having been seised with illn<'sa fur a fortnight 

before dm iiri i.d for the deliviry of his work. 

t AnoDg till- C ountesses wns the Counters of Essex, late Miss Slrphcni. 

t The name of the dotvager l^dy liendlevhaui is incorrerlly omitted in the Oa« 
zetle, Bi is that of Lord <.rufton. Tlie total number of Peeresses It \M; a( th#| 
Corvoalion of William IV. only Co were preseut. 



IMW 



imiiMi^itt 



imn 



200 



The Coronation. 



tAng. 



arranged the Procession for the return, 
which movetl at the moment whrn the 
Queen left the ch«i>el. 

Her Mnjesty tlieti returniog from St. 
Edirord'8 Chnpel, ])rocecile<1 through the 
choir, to the west door of the nbbey; 
wearing her Imperial Crown,* and bcarini; 
in her right hand the Sceptro with the 
Crosn, and in her left the Orb ; their 
Royal Highnesses the Princes and Prin- 
cesseB wearing their coronets. The Four 
Swords were borne before the Queen, in 
the same order as before. The Sub- 
Dean and Prcbcnd&ricii, and the Bishops, 
who bad carried the Bible, the Chalice, 
ond the Patina, remained in the choir. 
The Noblemen who had severally carried 
the crown, the Orb, the Sceptre with 
the Dove, the Spurs, and St. Edward's 
Staff, walked in the some places as before ; 
those who had staves and batons carrying 
the same ; all Peers wearing their coro- 
nets; and the Archbishops and the Bishops 
supporting her Majesty, wearing their 
cops ; and Deputy Garter his crown. 
The Swords and Regalia were received, 
near the \Veiit Door, by the officers of the 
Jewel-office appointed for that purpose. 

Her Majesty wearing the Crown, bear- 
ing the Royal Sceptre and the Orb, ac- 
companied by the Princes aud Princesses 
of the Blood Royal, returned to the 
Royal Palace with the same state, and 
by the same route, as in proceeding to 
the Abbey. 

Her Majesty entertained a party of one 
hundred at dinner ; and in Uie evening 
witnessed from the roof of her Palace the 
fireworks dischari^ed in the Green Park. 
The Duke of Wellington gave a grand ball 
at Apslcy House ; for wliich cards of in- 
vitation were issued to '^OLM) persons, 

Thescreral Cabinet Miiiislers gave offi- 
cial state dinners on the next day. 

We mtut now add a few lines on the 
popular festivities. For the gratification 
of the multitude, at the solicitation of Mr. 
Hawes, M.P. for Lambeth, a fair was per- 
mitted to be liolden in Hyde P.irk for two 



days, Thursday and Friday, to which two 
iij«- ■ '»"*i"-lf\y and MoTi>' "■ ••"■•"'ubtet 
q\h I. The ai' rotn. 

pr: . -inc-third ■ ; \, ex- 

tendttiK t'fou) near tlic maigiu of ihe Scr*l 
pentine-rivcr to within a snort distance? off 
Grogvenor-gatc. To the inti^' 
were eight entrances, the main ■ 
wide, aud the others 30 feet c.i. ... i ..it , 
area within, measuring about 1 (■()<) hjl 
1400 feet, was occupied by lhcatre%J 
taverns, and an endless variety of exhibi* 
tions ; and the centre appropriated to] 
lines of stalls for the sale of faucy goods,! 
sweetmeats, and toys. On Friday tho faif| 
was visited by her Majesty in person. 

Soon after two o'clock, on Thursday, j 
while the Coronation ceremony was 
progress, Mrs. Graham ascended from] 
Hyde Park in her balloon, accompnnied' 
by Cnpt. Currie. No aeronaui i ' 
was ever so long over the me: : 
the currents of air varied so n> 
yet so light, that it waa found imp 
to get away, or to rise to any com 
ble height, owing to the condenaation 
the gas, and after discharj^ug all the i>al- 
last, with every moveable article, with th4 
exception of the grapnel, and having r«« 
mained in the air upwaril« "*■ ■■•• '-•"ir anC 
a half, they descended r > iryle 

bone-lane. Much damagi - to I 

balloon and netting, on account a( the oa 
rownesB of the passage where they feilyj 
and a man in the strvct woa so sevefelf 
injured by the fall of a coping stone, a|l 
to occasion his death, after lingoriug tnorn^ 
than a fortnight. 

The illnmiaations n( tli< i>uhlic officc(|J 
and generally throu 'c principa 

streets, were very > •, and pr 

bably altogether on a far lojver seals 1 " 
bad been before seen in ttie metroc 
lis. The fireworks, which wcr« 
charged at eleven o'clock, were also pra 
vided on the most liberal scale. The 
were tlic same in Hyde Purk and in tli 
Green Park, the former being under tfa 
direction of Lieut. -Col. Dyneley, fire 
master of the Royal Laboratory, and mail 



• The new State Crown, made for her Majesty by Measrs. Rundell aud Cri.lu 

'" I. The old crown, made for George IV. wi 

V s lift much too large for the heoil of her prtwi- 

luc 111 '' ' pounds. It is . 

rilver. licf blue, ■velvet 

pletcl> .-.. ■ ii -"'i! ■' i-'i ■ 
moods, and 
!t3 ccntrr a - 



. Ill tiR' > 

JUS genu. 



by SoQtbby, the Utter nnder the direc- 
tloit of WillikiB CAffiii, esq. aod made by 
WEntMt. 

All the theatres in the metropolis, and 
other plac«R of pablic amuiiemFnt (vith 
the MCeption of V»usha1l and (hp Surrey 
/oolofical Garden- rs of 

which were dwfwujtl • de- 

ad*, 'i were, by 111 I :.<..jr-t> 7. Ki"<-iou8 
Rtaod, opened ppituitousjy for that 
■od at all nf ih«m «uch excelleat 
Bta bad been made, that no ac> 

cou . " In the cen- 

tre of oaoh { <nitj. the 

: damuu. ..-■.. .■...- ■■. i-mUHc rcjoio- 
[ plftoe. In pvcry quarter public 
maU to the poor, processions, 
Ulumiiiatious were the order of the 
At liiverpool was lii\d the first atone 
of - 's hall. The English at 

P.-i iMic dinner, presided o»er 

by >w .-.^.i.r> South. At Leghorn was 
lotil the first stone of an English prates* 
tatit chA|>el. From no place, honerer, 
ai faooe or abroad, hare we received ac> 
tiounta of the eelebration of the day in 
■ maaner more remarkable or on a more 
loa^ifirent scale, than from the town of 
Cambridge. Not leM than l.'i.OOO per- 
sona were feasted on one spot, in the 
open field called Parser's Piece. In tKe 
esntrc waa raised an orcheHtra, for KM 
maaician*, which was surrounded by a 
gallery for I'JOO spectators. Contiguous 
to this va« a green belt called the Inner 
Circle or Promenade, capable of contain- 



ing 6000 more spectators. Encircling 
the Promenade were placed three rows of 
tables, appropriated to the school chil- 
dren ; and from them radiated, Iflte the 
spokes of a cart wheel, the main body of 
the tables, 60 in number and 1S6 id 
length. Beyond their outer extremity 
were added 2h others in an outer circle, 
and outaide the whole another Promenade 
was roped in, capable of containing 6000 
more spectators. The circumference of 
the area wa« one-third of a mile. The 
spectators were even more numerotts than 
those who dined ; and the whole was ac- 
complislied with the most perfect order 
as well ns enjoyment. Of this remark- 
able scene n representation was given in 
the Cambridge Chronicle, and, at ovir 
reqaest, Mr. Brown, the publisher, haa 
permitted us to make it the tailpiece of 
our present records. 



Whilst the Coronation decorations re- 
mained in Westminster Abbey, a Musical 
Festival waa held, the rehearsal on Satur- 
day June 30, the performance on Monday 
July 2. The mu.iic consisted of the tlirec 
anthems as performed at the Coronation ; 
of a selection from Moiart's Requiem, 
from lUydn's Creation and Handel's 
Israel in Egypt, He. We are happy to 
add that this Pestirai waa very productive 
to the charities for whose benefit it was 
declined — riz. the Westminster Hospital, 
the Westminster Dispensary, and the Na- 
tional Schools. 




I 



202 



Domestic Occurrences. 



[Aug. 



I 



On the 9t}i July k grand review took 
place in Hyde Park. The troops on the 
grvund (acnountinff to nearly oOOO men) 
were the 1st and 2d Life Guards, the 
Royal Horcie Guards, the lOth Hussars, 
the I '2th Luncers three batteries of Field 
Artillery, the 1st and 3id battalions of 
the Grenadier Guards, the Ist and ^d bat- 
talions of the Srutch Fiiv'iliers, the 1st 
and 2d battalions of the Kifle Brigade, 
and three troops of the Royal Horse Ar. 
tillery, having two guns each. The line 
was commanded by the Marquess of An. 
glesey, the artillery by Col. Rogers, the 
batteries by Lieut.- Col. Cleveland, the 
cavalry by Sir C Dalbiar, and the Foot 
Guards and Infantry by Alajor-Gen. 
D'Oyly. A little before twelve o'clock 
her Slajesty's party arrived on the ground, 
in four carriages, with ■ numerous suite 
of Bttendant.4 on horseback. The evolu- 
tions of the troops then commenced, 
each regiment inarching past the Queen 
in slow time, the cavalry in close column, 
the infantry at quarter distance. A mi- 
niature battle then commenced ; the ca. 
valry advancing, attacking, retiring, and 
again forming line in the rear. This 
manfsuvre having been completed, the 
infantry then commenced tile tiring, and 
this having ceased, both lines advanced in 
parude order, and saluted. It is thought 
that not less than I JC),(XH) persons were 
present. Marshal Soult had just arrived 
in the park when his sttmip broke. His 
attendant was immediately despatched to 
the iiaddlers to the Ordnance, Messrs. 
Laurie and Co. of Oxford-street, who 
sent him the identical stirrups used in all 
his campaigns by Napoleon Bonaparte. 

On the 13th the Corporation of Lon- 
don gave a grand dinner in Guildliull to 
nil the .'\mbuisudoni Kxtraordinary and 
other illustrious foreign visitors. The 
Archbishops of Canterbury and Armagh 
were also present ; several of the Bishops; 
and from each sides of both houses of Par- 
liament, fifteen Lords and seventeen 
Commoners. In all about GOO persons 
were present. The Duke of WeflinK'ion 
and Marslinl Soult were toasted together, 
and they lK>lh acknowledged the compli- 
ment with the greatest cordiality. 

A pruclamatiijii duted ib« 5th of July, 
announces the issuing of a AVi/> Coinage, 
in Gold, Silver, and topper. The first 
will consist of, J. Five-pound pieces, 
weighing £5dwt. I6gr, ^ 2. Double-so- 
Tcreigns, weighing 10 dnt, 6J gr. ; 3. 
Sovt»rei«rn«, weighing 5 dwt. 31 in". ; 4-, 
11 k' .ui|;hing '/ riv. i r: 

all lor the ul 

Q'-.- ■'■ '- 

TOftiA 

year; n-.: 

(norial of Uie Unii«>ii KiiikUimk, coitlisiu^ 



in a plain shield surmounted by the royal 
crown, and encircled witbalaurel wreath, 
with the inscription, BarrANNiAaoM as- 
niSA. riD. Dtr. having the united rose, 
thistle, and shamrock placed under the 
shield ; the two larger coins to have on 
their edges the words OKcuaETTin'AMEtf. 
ANNO RiiGNi and the year of the reign ; 
the three smaller a grMJni'd edge. The 
silver coins to consist of. I . Crowns ; 
2. Half-crowns; 3. Shillingt; i. Six- 
pences; 5. Groats, or Fourpences ; the 
tirst to resemble exactly the five pound 
pieces; and so also the serona. but 
with a grained edge ; the shillings, the 
same obverse, but on the reverse the 
words ONE slill.lJ^'c within the wreath: 
ond so with the Sixpences. The 
Groat or Fourpence to have for the re- 
verse a figure of Britannia holding the 
trident in one hand, and having the other 
placed upon a shield impresscil with the 
union cross, and round the dgure the 
words roufirF.NCs and the date of the 
year below. Also certain other pieces 
of silver money, called the Queen's 
maunday moneys, of Fourpence, Three- 
pence, Twopence, and one Penny, each 
having the same obverse as the shilling, 
and for the reverse the respective figures 
4, 3, 2, I, with the date of the year placed 
across the figure, and encircled by an oak 
wreath, surmounted by the royal crown ; 
with a plain edge. The coppi-r mone^ to 
consist of, 1. Pennies; i. Halfpennies; 
3 Farthings; each having for the obverse 
the Queen's eflBgy still as before, lUid for 
the reverse the figure of Britannia, as on 
the silver Groats, with a plain edge. On 
the lamentable poverty, or rather defi- 
ciency, of invention displayed in this moet 
uniform set of British coins, we do not 
know bow to express our diMppointmeitt 
and regret. 

The new Great Seal of England, juat 
made by Mr. Benjamin Wyon, chief en- 
graver of her Majesty's seals, is said lo be a 
beautiful specimen of art, retiecting high 
credit on the talent, skill, and taste of tLe 
artist : — Obverse, An ciiuestrinn figure 
of her Majesty, attended by a page — the 
Queen is supposed to be ridirvg in state ; 
over a riding habit she is attired in a large 
robe or cloak, and the coIIsj of the Older 
of the Garter ; in ber rifthi huml ^he car- | 
ries the sce))tre, and on bur heiid is placed 
a royal diadem ; the attcnilant page, «^-ith 
hat in hand, looks up lu the Queen, 
whilst gently restraining the itnnaticnti 
horw», which ii" riclilv defOfatrrt with^ 



i^Teen tbc 
<he reverse, lite Qiiv»«n» n«>allf rabed 



I 



■n*i crMwnpd, holding in her right band 
lh« ireptre, and in ber left the orb, i» 
•<<*trd u|>on tbe ibrone, beneath a rich 
GotMr rHriopy ; on either side is a figure 
of " iiid Religion; and in the ex- 

r royal arms und crown ; the 

v.Im,,c ' >.< lU'ltd by a uruatb or border of 
oak and roses. 




An Art of Parliiiinent has been paj;sed 
lot tlie re-edifu-atioi» of the Royal Ex- 
ekanot. Provision is made foraconsi- 
^rwly extended »iile ; and the UiuAs will 
\te principnliy derived from a tax laid upon 
the coals entering the port of London. 
Early in April n twlc took place of the 

itcriukol' the old structure. The porter's 
e handbell (rung ever}' day at half- 
pMt lour, p.m. to warn the merchants 
Hid oti>cr« that 'Change ought to be 
i.|,.....i v.iti, the handle coiwumed, valued 
M' ' sold for 'At. 3». ; the two 

c... I. IIS, holding sihields of the 

C'li; MruiK, ]ie.vt Cornhill, fetched 30/. ; 
the two otrved grilfin^, holding shields of 
the I'iiy arin», facing (he quadnuigie, 
JU/. ; the two buMii of Queen Elizabeth 
raited, but really intended for the 

ir)(in'is bead, the arms of the IVIercers' 

uipany) on the north and south »ide, 
Mi. ( two others on tbe east and west 
»idea« 10'. 15*. ; the copper gra!*shopper 
Tine, vritb the iron upright, was reserved 
by tlie committee ; the alto-relievo, in 

•Tf"^ ' ««<>iie, by Bubb, representing 

V l)cth proclaiming the Royal 

>. 'I /. ; the corresponding alto- 

fciievu, r«pre<Hfntini; Britannia seated 
unid^r th«> emblem* of Commerce, ac- 
C" ' I " :i-iice. Agriculture, Ma- 

rii /. ; the carved embic 

iiiu..y... ;,,.,,...-..,. Europe, Asia, Africa, 
and v^niiTJca, 110/. The whole of the 
rnatcriiiU in tbe quadrangle were f>old for 
)!3(i/. : the tower was sold for Ml. ; the 
Carved tigures of Europe, Asia, Africa, 
and Aniericii, were knocked down fur 8(1/. 

At a meeiinp of the C/ourt of Cotnmon 
Council, 51r. R. L. Jones (the chair- 
man), on bnnging up the report of 
the Royal Exchange Committee, stated 
that the government were not willing (u 
t»»ist in the object with money, but ap- 
proved of the incHni of raising fundit, hs 
•tuted in the report, which was ax fid- 
lows : — •* Thai the duties on coal, &c. 
now cxi«ting under the «ct» of the lOth 
Gcon^e iV^ cap. 136, and the 1 1th 
Gt'orge ] V. cup. (»V, be continueil to the 
feu 1859, being tbe period tor which the 
aaoi«, in coniunctioh with tbe sum of 
ll,.5tJU/. charg-cd upon the city entuteii, 
«rr .,ir..^v t-ngiiged. The aggrcgHte 
tti. ^ colnuliited would be »ulTi- 

cn ty to ruiae thcreuo al that 




time tbe sum of 300,000/. for public im>l 
provements in the metrupolits, of which4 
150,000/. should be appropriated to thej 
corporation of tbe City for the Royal | 
Exchange, «o soon as the plans shall bej 
examined and approved by the Eoana 
Commissioners of her Majesty's Treusu.,1 
ry; and tbe remainder of the sum tof 
such other public improvements in ih( 
metropolis us m»v be sanctioned by Par. 
liamcut." Looking at the question on I 
all sides, be (Mr. Jone») considered thaCJ 
the court had reHson to congrutulate.f 
themi^elves upon the result of the appli. 
cation to government. He trusted that 
they would be able to accomplish still- 
greater improvements. The buildings'' 
to be taken down to the westward will 
include the site of tbe Bunk CotTee-j 
house in Bank-street, Sweetings-rents, | 
and all the buildings eastward, including | 
the west side of Freeman's court to^ 
Comhiil and Tbreadiieedlc-streei, oppo'' 
site the North and South American Cof- 
fee-house, leaving the church and church j 

Ctrd of St. Bennett'? Fink, which is to 
.■ inclosed with an open railing. 
Jviy 18. The first stone of a ncW' 
church at Blackheath was laid by bee 
Royal Highness the Princess Sophii 
Matilda. It will be dedicated to the 
Holy Trinity. In this parish, in a po> 
pulutjon of 2o,(KX>, not more than onc- 
hfjh are provided with cluirch iiccommo. 
datiun. 'i'bere is no parish church neuret 
than half a mile uf the new site. The 
church will be built in the Anglo- Nor- 
man style. The principal front will look 
towards the east, iit)d will be flsnked by i 
towers of equal altitude. It will form it'l 
very conspicuous object over an extensiv6 
country, and vvtll ho an ornament to the 
landscape. The estimate of the expense 
is 4300/. of which IIXXJ/. have been granted 
by her Majesty's ComrniNsioncri' for Build> 
ing New Churches, and 500/. by the Incor^ 
ponited SiH'iety for Promoting the Build- 
ing and Enlargement of Churches. The 
church will accommodate 12(X) persons, 
of whom bidf will have free sittings. 
Mr. Wilde, of Albeniurle-strect, is the 
architect ; and the contractors have engaged ^H 
to complete the edilice in fourteen months. ^H 

Tbe ancient refectory of the College 
of V'icars at Kxeter, has undergone 
thorough repair. Little else was found 
except Nuremberg tokens and some 
pieces of no ancient date, and man v hu- 
man bones. The cypher of John Hvse,y 
treasurer of ibe Cathedral, installed Jan. 
10, 1517, is on the old (ire- place. Tb« 
arms of Bishop Oldhum are over the 
adjoining passage. The original Vicars' 
CoUtTc w'us completed in 138M, \hal 
spot being called the Kiiieiidiir huie. 



a 

Id - 

i 



PKOMOTIONS, PllEFEKMENTS, Ac 



Gazettk Promotions. 

IMC 13. Col. the Hon. John Miitlkud, and 
Lieut. -C(il, G. \. Wflhcmll, t« t>c Coniiwuiion* 
ei the imlcr of the Hath. 

4/1UIK K. Kniffhlcd, Cuptain Houston, Eti- 
Hiipi uf Ibif Yooiueii of thf Ciii&nl, Ainl T. \. 
Ri-fVf, eni|. St.iiidnnl Heartr iif the Hon. 
CoriK* of '. '- \rm.H. 

June TJ >|il. J. O. Cluitie to b« 

Majifr.— i;i or T. Hull to be Lieut.- 

Coloiicl.— 3;mi ii'ijt. Major ?ir R. Brac'k«-a- 
l)ury to be .Miyor.— Brtver, Mak« 8ir E. Bmck- 
piibtirv to dr" I.i<>tit.Col. in ifie .\riny ; Copt, 
IL f ■ ■ ' Il(iy«l Kiiir. to hiivL' the local 

nifil. 1. w^lilL> employed ou a Bpe- 

I'ial . Col. Lai-y, in bp&in. — Jlst 

KiHii, MA\"t w. H. El&ott TO b^ LiciU.-Col.} 
C»i>t. K. MainwRrini; to l*c Major. 

June M. Veers of thr UnilcMl Kincrdoni 
rreatwl oo the Coroiwtioii:— Constnntiiic- 
Henry Earl of Mulg^rave to be Marquis of 
Nomianby, CO. York; William Bapcin Kiiiit to 
l>e VI»4-oinif (Jckfiani.of (H-khnm, co. Surrey, 
aiiil E«rl of Luvelaiv; Laurence llaron Ixili- 
tlas to be K«t1 of ZelUixl; Xnthony-Ailnan 
Earl of Kintorr to be Barnii KInture; Cortie- 
liua Vi.-H-oiint I.ismore l» be HaniD Lisinore, 
• f .SbMibally CaiiHe, co. Tipperary ; VVnrner- 
Williani ilimn Uo.^^more to be Baron Kv->!t- 
Bioit, uf the t-ouiitv of Modiuhsin ; Uob-'rt- 
ShapluiiH n.irnn rnrcw tfi he B.iron Carew, of 
Cast the Hon. Wll- 

lUn: ii<y to be Baron 

De .\i I nr^pt ; i*ir John 

Wroti."-ii'\, Hiui. I.) i.< 11,11 -v. of 

Wrottcsle'), CO. StnfTord ; < I'ury 

Traoy.rsr|, tnbo flrtnin Siirlfli • Ion, 

CO. !'■ ■ ' ' ■'• iiiijc!), (-..ii. to be 

B-ir. CO. Wilts.— The 

Mu lonwl BA BAron 



Benjamin Hall, of Uanovcr^ourt, co. Mott- 
month, es<|. ; K.isf Gronre riftyton East, of 
Hall-plBcc.. ' .^Crofton, 

of Lonifforil _ 

To be < 1- Sir T. 

Sanuiarei. iiinipiKll t niiaiifVr, .i.>. »>undera. 
Sir W. .M. I'rnfocko, K.c, John Pare, Sir 
Charies Wale, k.c.b.. Sir J. O. VaTnieletir, 
C.C.B., C. P. I>on?la!i, R. II. '" ^. J. 

Gi.Wie, «r R. H. ;?lieaire, Han ■ e 

Ihitr, Sir R. >< H<if!»;(!i. k imi n, 

Sir fJ. T. \V. I ; '.»!- 

2mple, B:i- '•- 

mrraU,M ■"- 

iiih Herbert. .l< ' .Mr 11 ivinif, 

a.(.-.B., .Sir Wni 1 •■ <•■«-, Sir Jolm 

MaciloiMiW, K.r.i, I'rntt, a c.B,, 

Hon. J.K. R.d'Neili.Aiitli.un r ■ ' my 

WnLsli, yiT Wm. Jobnuton. 1 'Is 

^Srx^h,■^^, I>, F Blomnirt, - .i»- 



l.lniiitiM, .■^i:' I \'.in I jmh 
Wilson. K.C.B., Sir t', V. 
Sir John CollMirne, o t n . 
Bart. o.c.B.. .Sir T. M'Vni .n, 
.Sir Alexander Woodford, a.c n 



1 ii...-ir J. C, 

H.. .Sir K. D. 

k^r. Sir O. A. 

, Sir John 

II. K.C.B., 

I ampbell, 

ttllt. B.C.H., 

.. Sir T. At- 



biithnot, KX.»., Sir H. V. lU)»iverie, K.C.B., 
Lord Biirjfher.sh, K.c.li., Uird litiroy J. H, 
S<mipr«iet, k.c.h., L«)ni Charh"* Mannir*. 
K.C.B.— Tobe .Ifu/or-f.'oK-rii/jf, L'olnn»ls Henry 
Jl'Oylv, .-Jir V. II. Ihnyh'. Bart- William Gray, 
Kdw Darley, W. V. Hompcsch, Sir Gt"orif« 
Tcesdnl.-, <1iri>;f. Mnmilton. (i. J. R>-eve«, 
Hon. 1 - . ,|,p^ 

John ' 'O. 

K.r,... i-'T, 

Ihoinar l.\;ii>.- IVi he {.uiun-u. Ln-m.-v olo- 
nels J. A. Mein, AJm. Wedderbum. Peter 
Dumas, MiMmru F.inc. Jnhn Martin. V,. H. 



i 




J83«.] 



Promolions, ^c. 



10*, U. f. G. u'Oonii 
JohfKTnnr. VT. A. 1 



t..- 



Liit Stril«ir, Joba 



Praiicis Westenra, 

- " -V and Ho)al 
vet —To be 



A , 1 Hiu- 

t . , L. A, 

11 nu(i|i>'ia, C. J. 

S. I, W. M. Uosset, 

Ii, rtson, W. K- I/vh, 

I']. iirt.Hne WO'. " '.<. 

\., ,M, F. \V. w 

\\ ..leraOli, Clia:. 
Crmrli-^ Kivrrv t. R. Thomson, Auuii-i ?^ 

Wneiii. H. Y wn«ih»m. 

(Iff, T-. .if thr Unyiil MnrinM tf> fnke rnnk 

tn I ■ ■ ' : iirnila 

J I .lf»ji>r», 
i'- 

, nf l),r M 1 [tro- 
ll, To lie .4r/,j, Klu«, 
V of till- KMi 1 '-. "T 
It. . K.C n.. Sir J 1 
IV, ..O.H., — I'o \>e. i'i< ' 
I!. .\(ImlmI>- nf flir 
W 

r. 

V,. 

roti', kill., ^ir Iv \* f 

«,c.M'i Sir Ueonce Scott, k.c.b., Sir Tboma* 

DuimI.^, k.. n.. Sir J. T. KittUl, K.C.B.— To btj 

\ 1, .. Uluf, Biw-Aiirairals of 

II,, - Livinjitston?. Hart., Sir 

^. -if F. \V. Austeu, K.C.B., 

f.u r.B.— To lie ft^"!-- 

,t ir-Admirnls of the 

VM i-j c. St M. and o., 

B*jl.j(i uiin P«rkrr, K.C.B., 

Sr K. I (l<?orKe M'Kinloy, 

Sir Cli.; -'■ -tn tie R.'nr. 



!l. IC.I'H, C.ii., Mr 

.V. Fiine, Hon. Gei>. 

. r.n., K.r.ii.— To 



I the White, 

;i.iary Hcalh- 

K. (iwen, K.C.B., 

K.C.B., SirThomu 



Rii-harvj C.<>|>cUn<l, Chirlrit Ri<-h, i>.>t\n RotxTt- 
»on (A), KoTxrrt DvAn:'. W. Kirhiiril>on (k). G.I 
C. BI*Vc, M. H. Mweney. \V. P. HUuley, 
Willmm Holt. W. II. Futsoii, J. J. Tuckrr, 

John K.itf.-conil>e. Uruii»«ick Pophflm. Williuii j 
>-. (tel*, Geor ■ \V. " 

' ard Kc&iie, .' W 

1 .'. F, N«'», •-•" 

joiiii i'l, . ,' l>atiii»il. t! 

Russell I l.iu-kri^. J ' 

JwuwII. •ilhiM, F r 

H.T. Auviii. ■, 
SUnU'v.— To 1p 
(i. Mi'all, Jus. I 

Henr)' Stroud, H. M. i niMi.ii. ll. > . iiuiiin- 
Hcorr Frwlcrick Penke, C. J. f. Nenton, Krwli ' 
Wood, Francis f;rt>vp. .1. H. Wnnl. r„ T. 

Jni\r<i. K. St. L. f " .Win. 

Dicki'v, <Ui4rl>' inlet, 

John lUlhorti. , , ltor> 

ton, Richard Burn, i.'c. v-r Ireil. 

Hutton, Hinl Allen, F. W. ii hranl ' 

Horiirtt, J. IJ- WnfMltli'T].' . unon, 

Vf.V. fiiiUott, .Sacket H>y\w. icu n. n.,i.insi>ii, 

J. V. FIftcluT, J. \. Lt'jrartl, T. L. .Mas.sic, 

Wonrlfonl Williams, Robfit Kerr, A. L. .Mdiil- 

•^a.iniiel Mi-rx-er, Wni. Loui-, Uichard 

i; S. Rohiiison. H. R. H»-iiry, R. T. 

. lion. A. A- Murray, J. II. WliidhAiu, 

Ijoij. >. T. Cannxic, Henry lla^ot, C. G. K» j 

Napiw, Henr) Church, ami \Vm. Hubbard (a). 

U,,: ■■. • - : - • .■ ■-. ■ ^ K- ■ - 



M.Tjiir. -Torli I I, Mnjur.!. hci^;ill t I 

Col. ; brevft Major T. Reed to be Major.— 
'JTth F"i>t, Major J.C4iin|iliell to l>e Lieut, -Col, j 
Mtijor N. U Uarrah to he Major. ' 

. Earl Bruce sumraoneil to the Huune \ 
M Baron Bruce, of Tottenham, Will9« | 
July r,. 1st Foot Guards, Capt. R. W, 
AsteU to be Cant, and Lieut.-Col.^SSth Fool, J 

Capt. Wtn. -SaiJIeir to We Major. Outh Fool, . 

Major W. T. Coi-fcbuni to be Major. 71»l 

F(K)I, Capt. Lord Arthur Lennox to l)e Major, 
— H9th Foot, Lieut. -Ci>l. J. U. Itasdcn to I14 j 
H.-Col. : Capt. A. 8. H. Apliii to be Major. 

Julv 10. Roval Artillerv. Lieut. -Col. P. 
Cs III '"'till I tn b.' rnTonrI; fViut. and Hrerctj 
r.j be Uent.-Col.— I 
to be .VssiatanI | 
lids. — James Loiil- 
lart, (>i, ti' !>!• --rn-i.uy, lei^trar, and clerk j 
of the council, anil clerk of the enrulineiit.^ io ' 
lioriiinica. 

Julf 13. Edward Hay Dnimrnond Hay, e^. 
to be IVeaiurer of Trinidad. — I.«t Foot. Capl. 
Du^ald M Nicul to I.' M.ili'r —lath Fcmt, Lt.. 
Col. Lord Charl, to l>e Lieut. -Col. 

—Staff, Major 1; ,ald, to be deputy 

.\djuunt-)fen. < - ui Uombay, «rltn j 

thii rank of Lieut, < "I. 

Jttly 16. The reiiruing Duke of Saxe Cobar^ 
and Gotha eletti^t K, G. 

jHlv'ti. Sir \^ . K.R. to be Garter 

Priiici|i«l Rinii liiiund UAe,e, esii. 

K.H. 10 be Cl»/' . cif .Vruis ; Joseph , 

Hawker, e*). to In- .VmiMV Kiiie of Anns;, 
Jaini'!t Puluinn, esii. to be Richiiionil Hernlil } 
Albert Win. Woods. e<ia. to be IVjrlcullis I'ur- 
4tiivant. 

[In cumequeitrr of fAe grtat leitjith of ih* , 

Pr, I'.-rintntt Incident to Ihr Coronation, tre arti\ 

'•■(I tu tirfrr to nert «hmi/A ti<Mcr rt^l 

iHr Otdtr of the Ihttk ami tkt &aitli 

■Hce] 

M^mher» relumed tn irme in Parliament, j 

-• • ■ I '. -•.-'^ • -• I I )•. WreStcpluij 

'.iiid. 

itall (now] 




Preferments, Births, tmd Marriages, 



[Aug. 



ECCLCBI&STJCAL PbEVI^KMENTS. 
Eev. James Bowstcad, D.D. to \te liuhop of 

potior and Man. 
Kev. T. Aiuory, St. Tethf V. Cornwall. 

f. C. Aw«lry, New Samnfonl R. Kss«x. 
. H. Avling^, (iuild/ord KR. Siiney. 
. J. Uiuli'V, .Stiikf Hulv Cross V. \urf. 
. W. Uoriieo, Brixton Ueverell H. Wilts. 
Rev. R. S. Bvton, He)>lian> R. Law. 
Kj'v. Hitibert Bmuey, U.C.L. Nt-wlrary R. 

Rev. F. J. Blandy, Nrth«niTon V. Wilt*. 
Rev. — Bluiidv, Orayton Btaorhaiiip R. Ducks. 
Rev. W. Hoyle, Fr<"»hfiird K, stoiucTset. 
Rev. H. Briiunt, Liltl"' Kiiiililc R. Burks. 
R«v. F. Bryony, H«<kf..r(l V.nn'»hirc. 
Rev. J.Ci. Bull, ' ' -V.Murivy. 
Rev. H, Bull. L HurWs. 

Rev. T. H . t'.ar , lU' Ch. .MidtU. 

Rev. R. Colli), I iiM.iii. li. .\in-fulk. 
Rev. ii. J. CoovHT, Old Windsor V. Berks. 
Rev, G. J>«vy, St. IVtor'!. Ch. MaiOidone. 
Rev. Jolin Laric, luu. Au)(lilou cum Cottiny- 

witli I'.C. Yorkshire. 
Rev. C. B. F.llit>tt,Tatllii(p>tone K. Suffolk. 
Rev. J. L. Flititiiis, at. Malthi-wiTi. Liverpool. 
Rev. W. Klciwi-r.jun. .-<. Hykeham R. Line. 
Rev. IL Freemnii, bolkswortli U. Hants. 
Rev. Anth. Grant, Romford V.C. K.i«M. 
Rev. Jamc» Haworth, frtixton V. Norfolk. 
Rev. J. O. Hill, Wtiotton Underwood P.C. 

Bocks. 
Rev. W. M. Hurlock, Stoke by CUre P.C. 

3uflbUt. ^ 

Rev. T. Uutchinnon, Harpurley newCh. Lane. 
Rev. Joliii Jolln^Oll, Oulwi'll R- Norfolk. 
Rev. Cbas Kimii. Ludlord I'.C. Heref. 
Rev. John Kyle, lnchiii{«;lB R, Cork. 
Rev. C. \V. Ldnivroll, Bradley parva R. Suff. 
RfV. Henry Law, (.\rchdeacon of Wells) Bath 

R, Somerset, 
Rev. F. Ix«, ijtanton Bury V, Butks. 
Rev. E. U. Lei;h, St, Botolpli's Alderspile R. 

London. 
Rev. R. .VIeek, Richmond R. Yorkshire. 
Rev. C. Mortlauut, Hndrwortti R. .Somerset. 
Itrv. H. G. fill- ' ncrain?IC Devon. 

Bar. C. Rolfe, IL Kent, 

lev. p. Si. Gill. 1 R. (Jk)rk. 

Sev. J. ThwavK.-. I niiiiv i' C. Carlisle. 
Rev. W. H, i'urner, Hanwell V. Somertet. 
Rev. J. M. Wli«lley,Slaidlmru R. Yorkshire. 
Rev. Jacob W«iod, E«:liam V, SurriTf. 
Rev. K. G. Curtei<> to be Chaplain to the Marq. 

of Uuct'nvlierrv. 
Rev. Joseph TwiKife, M. A. to be Ctiaplaiu to 

Kensal Green Cemetery. 



Civil. Pat>EBMENTB. 

Alil.-rnini-, ■niimitL- \\.")J and Jaines White to 

R. 

ft 



I Middlesex, 
ipoi uf KiDgWil- 



l. .i.id H. W. Fhlllott, B.A. to 
d lliird .Masters of Cttartcr- 



UIRTH8. 

Mm 3t. M HopUnd Hall, SudTulk, the wife 
uf Kunnrd beat lies, tm\. a dan. 

Jum* I. .Vt S>pye I'ark, the wife ut J. E. A. 
Stitrkry, tm. « "vn. 1. AtCliff Hall, Warw. 

Ulr wlf.' of T » C«vr, e^n. K ^'•fl. IH. In 

Gr. 

V.- 

|„. ri,nv 

k, I. Ill4- 

vtii. — ^At 

Wliil.Ttion>p Whitchuri-u, int- wiiirur ilioScT. 



T, Tyn»Jiitt. Prebendiiry of Sarum, a ilaiu — — 
Jl. .M Lambeth Palace, the wife of Win. KtnfWr 
mill. esq. of 8ydmonton, It * 

heir. In GroMVcni]r..si|. tli. 

a son, still-born. — 22. .\t .- i 

of W. B. Bnxlie, e»<j. M.I'. » .;.i" ■-';!. 1 U'- 

wife of the Rev. 8ir Htibirt Oftk- ley, Bart. 

a dan. 'ifi. In Old Palace-yard, the wifeof 

John JerM«. raq. M.P. a dau. 27- At Ring- 
stead, Norfolk, Mrs. Frrdorick FiU Roy, a 

son. 29. In Lower Scylnour-st. the mokt \ 

Sirs. CanieETie, a diiu .\t Haltoii ParMB 

the Ytife of the Ri'v. John Lyiieo, a son] 

iieir. 30. .\t Torquay, UevoD, the Hon.] 

W. T. Law, a dau. 

LaMv. At th€ Kims, Wore, the wife Of 

Rear-.\dni. .Maliiip. a dau, At l>owiiton- 

hall, iifar Ludlow, thi- Udy uf .*"ir W. E. Rou.'«e 

Itnuffhloii, Itart. a d*u. .\t UmKwortli, the 

wife of R. B, Plullipps, eb*i. Hitch" Sb^nff of 

CO. Hereford, a dau. The Hon. -Mrs. .Ma^e, 

■ son. 

./«fy 3. In Paris, the wifif of the Hon. St. 

John Biitler, a son and heir. 4, In Nntttnp- 

hani-plarc, Viscounti-ss Hood, a son and heir. 

At Xortbbrook House, Hants, tjidy Marw 

Anne Saundersuii, a dan. 7. At G»rinan< 

ston cnstle, the »vlfe of the Hon. P.. Preston, a 

dan. H. In Great C'umberlaud-place, IjwJy 

Jaue Ugiivy, a dao. 



MARRIAGES. 

Jan. 13. At Vizianai;ram (East Indiesi, W. 
Poole, esq. fourth son of J. K. I'oole, esq. uf 
Rridfrewaler, !*<>m. to Klleii, elde»l ilau. of tha 
lair x>ir G. H. Hall, Bart. 

Aprii 17, ,\t llymuiith, Henry Yoiin^, es«- 
Inilla Civil Service, third son of the late Sir S. 
Younc. Bart, to Catbarini' .\iine, eldest 4lau. 

of J. H. F/-.les, esq. IS. At Trinidad, K, 

Jarksun, ewj. actine .\tti>rm'y-»ri'fi. to Maria 
Ale.tandrina, eldest dan. of Audrt Ulasiiii, 

esi|. 19. At .Moreham. B<"rk«, the Hev, 

Henry W. Bowlra Ban' f Col. Dau- 

beuey. of Bath, to I'l 'Um. of the 

late Benj. Morland, ■■! House, 

e!s<|. W. .\t Charles' - loir. n. i l>inout1i, S. 

W. Pndf«ux,e.Hi|. of IJartniouth, to Henrietta, 
dau. of the Ute K. J. CoUins, cm|. of KJnip^ 
bridii^. 

Mif 17. At Hampiitead. William Viurd, 
esq. M.A. of Linnnn's Inn, to Mi'<"' Maria 

Jeffries. At Kloreni-e, tli' ' luanl 

Victor de la Vi>re. to ^■ iHe, 

yoiinir'°"'t dRii. of llif l»»f Al' ■•'"! 

ofct ' • '■ ■ ' 

U<,\. 

to i 

mark. i.. m 

L. Swainwm, 1. os 

to Harriet, reli' 'i 

Sandonn. 2i t 

Rev W. J, Me. "I 

to itarali M.irw.i 

V. Y.atio.H! ■■ •. — T 

Rev. J, l( Mrv IHj 

non .of ( . t" Am 

eldi-st dau. .>i . 

A, Chapman, • ^< 

the n-y P. K I 

lat.-l •■ ).. 

of ■ ri 

tan « 

t' 

ft.. 



R.'i; 



Vicilf 01 I'auouri, lunt- 



Marrhzes. 



207 



» 



lUn. ta ITm! late !Uv. T. P. WilllnnMn. IVrp. 



ijIrrrcluT. t 
1. of T. <>. 1. 

.il, l« KuM- 

i I. U-a, H.N. 

.1.-.. . . .|. Major-lien. 

il. to >l*r>-, widow ofCapt. 

. B.N. At -it. Marlis, 

^^ "< P»iky,ol'<i»klisiii, 
r tlif latr R?v. Win. 

III. K. H. Saw- 

!nte Ri-v. J..''. Saw- 
', Bfrks, ti) Fanny 
Iw. i)rjd«rinaii, esi|. 

i:.)lk. 31. At s*t. 

. the H^v. M. A. Wowl- 
rMurhtoii, Wore. t<i Maria, 
I Mr iiifonj, •>sn. of York- 
Ik. til.' Rev. I'hilip 
rva .\niip, yonnirp<it 

, . ;.....rh, Bart.— — <!lauile 

-ij. of brulon-strcel, to M&r)-, 
of T. R. Uuckwurth, esq. of 
• I .11 Vi,i-f,,ri. . 

I, tlie Rev. Horatio 
iMleton, Oxf. third 
iir, lo Pcnelope- 
I K. I'oolt-, ejMj. of 
I Hepworth, ewj. of 

..i^'.iwc, to (NU^h <^>pe, 

. I the Rev. O. Allott, Vicar of 

^^> •■ . 5. At Wendover, Buck.s. 

K »'•■ vouri(f«it son of the Hon. 
a. ') Elizabeth. Hdest lUu.of 
til .ie, eiH|. of IK'iiicrara. 

1,- ir H...,.|r.. l''vT.t, »>Sri. of 

1' of the 

|: -*<]. to 

ia..„...,„. ..„.. I .. I'iirl\tt, 

IXU. FcriMrlual Curate of V«iiL«liinluiry.- 7. 

tyte Hi"*. Henry Lujinixirc, \ uar of liam- 



^lary Jane, eldest dan. of Rear- 
>■ -.KX East Teijjrnmonlh. J. W. 

I 11 of Iho Ifti* Vii-f.Adin. Penrd, 

Iti V «,. \iiifii!ita, dau. of the Kev. W, V. 

hichardH, D.C.U. Hector of Abbot'<toke, Itons. 

.Vt lirntield. Sussex, the Rev. Cliarles 

I '■ ' " ' •■ t>-— - 1 -lau. of Win. 

I; !\, WMttiiin- 

.• I Caiil. Ilirli. 

... ... , ,,..j; Park.Camb. 

L Jane, oidy dau. of the late 

esq. of Dorking. At St. Cle- 

,ir".i «>„ %ii-holiu, e«q. of 
r Edw. Steplicnson, 

mcnwt. AtWftl- 

.,., ....I.. I, Kehaiiitt-n, fh&r^c 
tlic Kiap of Sweden, to Maria, 
!>■ }. Soaue, esq. and ijrainld.'in. 
,..„„.. 11... ,„.i,. ,..,.(. \i Ht. 

Marjcoii, ftq. 

<n of tbe Rev. 

'" '" Letitu 

i.'indon, 

.Uihn's, 

.. , I ...w. .., o.sii, tn 

I. of ihe late Rev. 



laatirlla liporpann. )rumi(i;c?it dau. uf ilii- tflle 
Robert lAiiniitoun, esq. of that ilk. U. 




lolu. 



-Ill tiuern- 



At St. Gconre's, Hanorer-wj. Gabriel Stone I 

J'.u.ln ...ri i.l.l.-m -it.n of J. R. I'oole, p*q. of] 

■;:i, yoiiniiest dau. of Sir ( 

-At IxK'kinge, Bprks. 

.1 : . !. ;!.iirv. Will*, esq, to Cliar> 

ioUf bill v. only dau. of the lato Rev. Wyatt ' 

Cottle. Vicar of Cholsey. At Holton, \)\T, 

\riiuir VnnMley, escj. second .son of the Re*. 
Nnuesley. Rector of Clifford, <;iouc. to^ 
\>re, dan. of the Rev. T. G. Tyn- 

., . lor of Holton. At f'nmjM^fonl, oti 

tJHiidi. L . b. Ucnnard, esq. son of Sir T. B. " 
Lennnrd, Bart, to Elizabetb-Amelia, elde<t ' 
dau. of the late Robert NirhoKun, esq. of ] 

Bradley, co. Durliam. At Kdmonti>n, Clanda j 

Wilde, esq. ehletrt 80n of Mr. iSerireant WildP, j 
M.P. to Luey, youngest dau. of the late Robt. 

Rjiv, e!<q. \l Kteler, Capt. F. E. -Manning, ^ 

Beiijral Army, to ^lusanna, relict of Sir Henry \ 
Farrineton, liart., and second dau. of the Ule i 

R/ilit. Kekewicli,e«q. l.V .\t Uroadclisrt, Mr. 

.lohn Rflteliffe, <linefll descendant of the Jaat j 
liarl of Derwcntwater,) to Mary .\nn, only dau. 

of Mr. Himiln^ham. M lit. Mary'-i, Bry. 

aa!<toii-!<q. J. I). Sinimit, e*q. Miriceoii, Royal 
Marine .Vrt. second son of tbe late R«-v. I)r, ' 
Simniie, of Rnthisinsy, HajilTshire, to Julia. ] 
eldest dau. of the late Ctil. Clifford, C.H. aitdj 

K.H. At Malta, the Baron Hector Icslafer- 

rata Aliela, to Mary Ramsay, third dau. of the 
late Alexander .Vn'denMin, esq. of Cha|>el-Ht. 

I'ark-lane. 14. Baruch Toojfood, csri. of ] 

Torquay, to Anne Elixalieth, only dan. of Peter ] 

Henwoixl, eiq. of Wells. AtCainlierwell, J, 

J. Tonrishend Bowen. e»q. of Trinidad, to' 
Jeodie, yoiinfent lUu. of T. C'ourthope, esq. of] 

Feckhani-ifrove. At Waritrave, BerkN, the 

R«v. U. Price, Rector of Romaldkirk, Vorksh. ^ 
Hon of Barrin^on [*rice, esq. lo Elizabeth 
Harby, youn^at dau of the Rev. W. IMdiOir 

of Hare Hatch, Uerkin. At .Sl. Mat t hew 'a, | 

Brixton, Ale\. rrft.*er, e?iq. of Fl.inistead Bury, 
Herts, to Mary Ann, elilest dau. of John 

niidfre, esq. At Newark, J. J. Bipsley, esij* \ 

1I..M. to Caroline, sixth dau. of the bite Rev, 

J. Beevor, Rector of Claypole, Line. 19. At ' 

Pari*, the Rev. Henry Ridls, Rector of Aid- j 
winrle All Saint*, to Snrah Anna, only siat«r 
of W. B. Rolls, esi]. of the firm uf GalipianI, ' 

and Co. rarJ!.. At Ealinir, Edward Henry I 

Noel, <t^\. fonrth son of the Rev. Ttios. XoeC J 
to Frances-Isabella, dan. of Col. (^rlo JosepB j 
l>oyle, Lieut. -Gov. of Grenada. — -At St. Bar. 
thi)lomew-lhe-I>'s.'», Geor^fe TroUope, e»*\. of 1 
ClinstVs HuspitAl. lo Alicia, ilan. of W. W. ( 
Wilbv. o-.' .' <t i<.rii„,i,,nieMf'» Hoapital. 
At W'lXi.i "d, esq. of Steven^] 

ton, H.11 I . Disced, M<j. ' 

Sarali All of the late Josep 

Cotton, etq. of Wooiliurd-briilue. At .SUl 

Mary's, Bryanston->q. Clia*. W>keliani Man.! 
tin, esq. eldest son ■" •■' ^i^' Mnrtin, esq. ofl 
Leeds Cjistle, KimiI. -econd daiuT 

of the late .*iir John I '. III. All 

the Cjitholic Cliaiwl ' Hi'M Hon.] 

lord Arundellj loth- I 1 Lii 

Stoiirtiin. The Ri M.A4I 

Rector of Oarforth, \ :. , umrthj 

dau. of the Rev. Jaiueii iiiudoii, Vicar 

Aberford, Yorkshire. At Wakefield, Fred 

Ibbotson, of CroftoD Hall, esq. to Marianne 

only dan. of G. U. Barker, es4i. At 

Georjfc'i, Ilunover-sq. T. R, Aufdjo, e*q. 



Minna ti 
Von Scl; 
ret's, ^^ 

\i i> t,. 



,i,K il.iii. 



Mr^i 



dau. u( Hi^bfiiurv Skeatu, vaq- l*^ Uf|{auiJbt I 
the Chapel Royal, W iiidaor- 



208 



OBITUARY. 



* 



* 



I 



The Dukc of Lfxds, K.G. 

JuJy 10. In London, ag^ed nearly 63, 
the Most Noble Georpe William Frede- 
rick Osborne, sixtL Duke of Lecdii (1694), 
Alarijuis of Cannartlien (1681*), Earl of 
Dmtiby, ro. York (1G74-), Viscount Lati- 
mer, of Danby, and liaroii Osborne, of 
Kiveton, co. York (1673), Huron Coii- 
yere, of Hornby Cwtle (by writ. I5()9), 
all titles in the English peerage ; iiftb 
Viscount 0»borne, of Dunblane, co. 
Perth (1675), and the sixth Bnronet, of 
Kiveton, co. York (l«2(>) ; « Knight of 
the Garter; a Privy Counnllor, Lord 
Lieutenant of Che Nt»rth Riding of York, 
Governor of the inland of Scilly, Ranger 
of Rirhmond Forest, Constable of Mid- 
dleham Castle, &c. &c. 

His Grace \vwi born July 21, 1775, the 
elder son of Francis. Godolphin the fifth 
Duke, by his lirst wife the Rt. Hon. 
Lady Amelia D'Arcy, Baronet Con- 
yerx, only daughter and heiress of Robert 
fourth and last Earl of Holdeitiesse. 
His mother (whoie marriage \n» dis- 
solved by act of parliament in 1770) died 
during his minority, Jan. 86, 1784 ; and 
on his cominp of age, he presented a pe- 
tition to the House of Lords, claiming 
the barony of Conyers in right of his ma- 
ternal descent. On the 37th April, 1796^ 
the House resolved and adjudged that 
the petitioner, George- William -Frederick 
Alarquis of C'Brmartben, bad made out 
his cUim to the title, honour, and dignity 
of Daron Conyers ; and he immediately 
received bit writ of summons accordingly. 
He never, however, took much interest 
in polidcs, and when a young man spent 
a considemble length of time in Italy. 
He usually gave his vote in Parliament 
with the Tory party. 

On the 3Ut Jan. 1709 be succeeded 
bia father in the dukedom, and in the 
same year he was appointed Lord Lieu- 
tenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire, 
On the 4.th M»y 1827 be was tippoinled 
Master of the Horse, and on the lOth of 
the same month be was swoni ■ Privy 
Councillor. On the latter day also he 
was elected a Knight of the Order of the 
Garter. He resigned the office of Master 
of the Horse with the Duke of Welling- 
ton's administraiion in Nov. IBS'. At 
the ceremony of the Coronatinn "* K.-.r- 
William IV. Sept. «, Iftai, 11. 
Leeds was one of the fnui Kir 
Garter whobtid ov. 
ptill of f;nld at the > ' 



m' 

miiu a }<uturii ('.■■ 

.Inf. IW.IM, No. I '2. 




right and honourable. It should be borne 
in mind that to the northern turf he was 
essentially devoted, for he seldom sent 
horses south of Doncasicr. The in- 
fluence of his chamcter was great in the 
best sense of the word i for in his own 
neighbourhood he was truly " the fine old 
English gentleman," and sought not to 
be great from home. 

In 1811 his Grace pulled down the 
ancient munHion-bouse at Kiveton, which 
up to that time had been the prinripnl 
residence of the funiily, from the reign of 
JanieA the First (see Hunter's History of 
South Yorkshire, vol. i. p. H'2). It waa 
tjuitied for the more magnificent cnstle of 
Hornby, in the same county, the seat of 
his mother's family, the Uarons Conyera, 
and Earls of Holdemes.se. 

His Grace wna present nt the Corona- 
tion of the Queen, though his Duchess 
was prevented from attending by serious 
illness. He was taken ill only three days 
before his death. His body was interred, 
on the l6th of July, under '1 rinity Church, 
Osnaburgb -street. Regent's Park. 

He married Aug. 17, 1797, Lady Char- 
lotte Town^hend. sixth daughter of 
George first Marquis Townshend, and 
aunt to the present Marquis ; and had 
issue two sons and one daughter : I . the 
Most Noble Francis- Godolphln-Datey, 
now Duke of Leeds, born in 1798} 2. 
Lady Charlotte-Mary-Anne-Georgiam, 
married in X^'iG to Sackville Lane Fox, 
esq. of Bnimham Park, Yorkshire, and 
died in 1836; and a Lord Conyen 
George Thomas William Osbonie, who 
was accidentally killed in a struggle with 
a young friend, when a member of Christ 
chorch, Oxford, Feb. 19, 1831. 

The present Duke formeriy sat in Par- 
liament (as Marquis of Carmarthen) tor 
Uelston ; but has not been a member of 
the House of Commons since the passing 
of the Reform Act. At the Coronation 
of her present Majesty be was (only a 
few day* before his father's death) eafled 
tip to the House of Peers in the Iwirony 
of Osborne. He married April '24, 18:^8, 
Louisa- Catharine, third daughter of 
Richard C^^ton, of Maryland, esq. widow 
of Sir Fclton Elwell llalliurst Hervcy, 
Rart. and sister to the Murchioncus of 

U'„II,>>1.T>, IN. ll,,.r I... I, 1... I.., no 



Duke s only brother. 

Tnc Map ^ 

.Vay 18. Ax ' : ilin. 

after an illnetk u; .;...;vi.. u.,.. (...>i:uc«d 



183^0 Obituahv. — Marquis of Ormonde.— Ear 



;• wtcfw colli. mH 63L tlir Mo«t Hon. 
P ' ' - " f Onoondc 

: ■ ' "O; I l-''^i), 

lit Ibutlcs, eo. lifipi'rary 

•'e<!of *!in kiniciluiii of Ire- 

' ' of Llan- 

tipcnurc of 



.!. ...1 

iriim ot the 
i ijf the Kil- 
.. utiil mi AtJk'-dc-rarnp to 
r the militia, &r. <^r. 
ii|> \\M horn July Ij. 177-1, 
of John the 17th Y,m\ of 
,(_) • A line, daughter and sole 

liii Earl of Wandeslbrd. 
. was returned to Pitrliamciit 
. one *>i tbo knights for ibc county of 
Kilkenny ; for which, having l>ern re- 
tkrtcdiri 1«16, 1S07, lfiI2, and 181«, he 
mx until his huoces^iiion to the pevinge. 
In 16115 he voted in furuur of the cluinis 
of the Irish catholics. 

Ai the Hon. James Butlrr, he took an 
active and meritorious part in the defence 
of his native connlry, on the (onnation of 
tlie yconiunry corps. He himself com- 
RUUiiicd the >V(>!>Aghdtliceii and tbp Custlc 
C"(>i>ii r ii,t iiitrj', together with the Kil- 
k. 

Lath of his brother Walter 
Miir<iuix of Ormonde. Aiijr. lU, iRJiO, he 
xucceedcd to the titles of Eurl of Or- 
mondc iiitil Os.*or)", &c. the ninnjuisatc 
feonfcirf-d on his brothiT in 1810) niid the 
Britit^h barony of Jjutlcr of Ltantliony, 
(conferred in 1H)I ) then bcoomin:: extinct: 
but at the shortly suliscqiient coronation 
of King •"Jfori.'i- the Fourth, he w;is 
rre-.ilvd a British peer by the title of Biiron 
Ormonde of Llaiithuny, July 17, Itf^l ; 
and Oil. 3, \Vi^, the dignity yf Murrjuis 
of Onoonde whs again revived in his 
fiivonr. He was nominated a Knight of 
St. Ttttrick in I8':il. 

In E'arliamt'nt he sided with the Wlii({ 
p»rtv. anij lie K?ivp hi* vote in favour of 

th. ■ • '^r. 

I Oct. \^, IS07, 

tiu..,-i » ,..i. of the Ki|»ht 

Hon, John .Stapti-s, of the county of 
TjTone, bv Harriet, dau^lirei mid ro- 
heirrv, of Itichurd ViEcount .Molesworih ; 
aiid by tliut lady, who survives him, lie had 
live ^on* and five djiupliti'ni : I, the 
Bl Hon. John now .Mnrtjms of Gr- 
anite, tiiini in 1808, and at tiii'Keiit niu 
marrliwli "i- I'Ody Hurrict-KlL'aiior-Wjiii- 
ili'aforri, ninrrii'din IWI \o HolMTt Knwlrr, 
va4|, rlili'stfon of Uobert Lonl nixhoji of 
OMory ) 3. Lord Walter WandMilord 
Butirr, an officer in the army ; J. Lord 
UtM. AlA(i. Vpl, X, 



Jsraef Wandcsfurd Bniler. also in tli»j| 

anny; '■ ' ' ' " "' ' 

ford: 7 

dt^ford J . _. 

ford Butler ; '.». Lady EliiaUth ; and lUI.| 
Lady Aiary-Cbarlotte, born in l8iJ3. 



Babon Fagei.. 

Lnlflj/. Henry Baron Fagel, formerly 
Amba^i^ador from Holland at tbc Court 
of Great Britain. 

He «-as tbe grandson of the Secrefary of 
the States General of Holland, who died 
in 1790, ut the age of 1^1 yean, of whicb 
fifty-six had b<-en employed in •dininis* 
tration. Tbe late Baron was sent, in 
Nov. 1793, to Co{>eiibageii, on a M-erct 
mission to engage tbe Court of Denmark 
to join with the other powers couleoced 
against the French republic, a mist^ion in 
which his zeal dtew upon biiu tbc hatred 
of the rcpublicaiiioniolland, who wished 
to overthrow the family of Orange- In 
July 1701. he >ipiicd, at the bead <in!irter5 
of the Prince ot' Cobourg, the treiity of 
alliance between the States- General and 
tbe Kings of Fru»!>ia nnd tireiit Hritiiin, 
to the formution of which bis able nego> 
ciiitions had muteriully contributed. 

/\fter the conquest of Hollmid by the 
FfL'nch, the Baron pkrcook of the miii- 
forluiios of the boute of Uinngc, and 
withdrew from the country. After re- 
turning with llie Stsdtholder, bccounter- 
signtrd the mniiifesto of tbe 2ist Nor. 
1813, ill which the Dutch were invited to 
niiiie in shaking olT the French yoke. 
On the Ibth April following he concluded 
in London a convention relative to the 
restitution ofccrliiin Dutch colonies, con- 
quered by Great Britain during the war • 
on the 10th May 181.5, having been np- 
pointed a Councillor of State, he signed 
aiiotlitT convention with Greiit Uijtuin 
and UiisHii), relative to the Russian loan 
in llollund. 



I 

i 
i 



Count SoMiiAnivA. 

Latfly. At Foris, Count Sommnriva, 
w-c1l known as an enlightened ]tutron of 
the fine vts. 

He wu« a native of Milnti ; nnd nt the 
period when the French invaded Lorn. 
Iiiirdy, was in high repute as a barrister. 
He declared in liivour of the revolution, 
was successively appointed to several ofli- 
ces, and was at length iniide ijecrctary. 
general of the directory of the (.'isiilpine 
republic. When the Austrn.BiisiiiNiit 
overrun Italy, in I7f»1», he took refuge at 
I*Hris, with nmry of hi-* conipatrioN. 
Alter the battle of Marengo had rcKtortd 
tbc repiiliiicun order of things in Italy, 
Siiintii.iriva became one of the director*, 
and this situation be held till tbc ettab' 
3£ 



^ 



llibrftffali 



lishment of the {ireKidenUliip, when be 
was chosen & member of ibc col)cf;c of 
pottidenti or projirielors. J lib tulfiitt 
for public afiuirs were of the hi^lieiit 
order, nnd were cininently c'otii«{>LcuuuK 
whilst be was in aiitbority. He wiu iiu 
less excellent ua an orator thuii as a states- 
man ; and the speech which be pronounced 
0(1 resigning the Rovenunent into the 
binds of Count Meizi wus considered a 
initsterpicee of eloiiuuiR-c. 

Subsequently O^unt Somniariva re- 
sided at Paris ; where bis hotel was the 
•brine of a %-aIiiab1e collection of pictures, 
ajid above all of tlut chef-d'oeuvre of Ca- 
nova, his unrivalled Magdalene. 



210 Chief Baron Joy.— Sir T. Dyer, Bt.—Sir J. FergustOH, Bt. [ Ang. 

Lt.-Gen. Sia TiiQMA» Uyeb, Baht. 

ApriH2. In Clargcs-street, Sir Thos. 
IVicfiard Svviriiierton IJycr, the sixth Ba- 
ronet ( 1 678), a Lieiitciiunt- General in the 
Jiritisb and Spanish services, and Kuight 
Grand Cross of the orders of San Her- 
mencgildo and Isabel la Catolica. 

He was the onlv son and heir of Sir 
John Swinnertoii Dyer, a Colonel in the 
army, and Groom oi the Hedclnimber to 
the Prince of Wules, by a daughter of Mr, 
Vicary. He was appointed u Lieat. in the 
7th foot, June 28, I7B3; Captain- Lieut. in 
May 1791, and Lieut, and Captain in the 
first foot guards iii 1793. He seived the 
cunpaigns in Fland«rs ; in 17U7 was ap- 
pointed Major by brevet ; in 1799 served 
in the expedition to the Hcidfr as Atsist- 
ant AdjutanC'gcncrulj Cupiainaiid Lieut.> 
Colonel in the fool ^uordi, Oct. 25, 1790 ; 
and in J80U and 1801 served in Egypt. 

He succeeded to the title on hiis father^ 
death Mai-ch31, 1801. 

In June 1806 Sir Tliomas was sent on 
a military mission to Spain, where he 
remained with the army of the Insurgents 
under General Cuesta, ond returned to 
England in July. He was sent on another 
mission to Spain in the Sept. folloM-ing, 
and returned in December: ■' ■• ' ■ was 
appointed Assistant-Qutiii ri«. 

ral at home, in which .situ.:- '>nti- 

nued some time. I^le was appointed 
LieuL- Colonel of tbe York rangers, 
March 31, lb08. Colonel by brevet \W9, 
Miijur- General 181.3, and Lieut. -Geiieial 
Itfc^i. 

He married Ebmbeth, daughter of tbe 
late James Standervvicke, of Ovington- 
house, CO. Hants, esa. but had no isaue. 
He is succeeded in his title, we believe, 

Ka cousin, n son of the late Thoinu 
f€T, esq, who died in 1 SOU. 



Chief Baron Joy. 

June 5, At Woodstown. co. Dublin, 
ii<fed 71, tbe Rt, Hon. Henry Joy, Chief 
Baron of her Majesty's Excliequerin Ire- 
land, and a Privy Councillor of that 
kingdom. 

Mr. Joy was called to tiie Imr in Tri- 
nity term ITbH; ami lie enjoyed high re- 
putation as an able lawyer, and much con- 
aideration as an advocate. There was a 
quiet ready playful nest of manner about 
him, which enabled him to make great 
way with a jury, or when replying to the 
arguments ot a rivol orator. Lord Nor. 
bury once was asked by Mr, Hone, tbe 
attorney, to wait a few minutes for Mr. 
Joy, his leading counsel, in ti niti priui 
case just then called on in the Court of 
Common Plear. He did so until his 
•mall stock of patience was exhausted ; 
theu exclaiming, " Hope told a Ibittering 
talc, that Joy would foom return," ordeiea 
tbe next number to be proceeded with. 
Mr. Joy succeeded the prescut Lord 
Chancellor as Attomey-genernl for Ire- 
land, but never took a scat in P.-trliamerit, 
although ircijncntly pressed to sit for a 
northern borough. When i^ord Guilla- 
morc retired from the Exchequer in lfl3l, 
Mr. Joy succeeded to the office of Chief 
Baron, in which he always displayed tbe 
utmost impartiality, with a decidedly con. 
stitutioual sense of inllexible justice and 
humanity. He was never married. lu 
urivate life he was n religioutt, bighly- 
noinoumble. courteous gentleman, andM'iU 
lowr be regretted by ey/ery man of Bimilax 
fiMunpi in the profes<ion. 

On the 16th Jiim ' Milled 

in the great room o! I, to 

deliljoiate on the pr..,;,,, > .., |.jm .,• some 
tribute to hik niiiooiy. It i» |>iobublt: 
that a flplejiilid munil iiii'juiinriit. in 
white marble, will Im' eri'c: 
of Monkstown, in tbe > 
bis remains were depositeJ. 



Sir James Fkbgl'sson, Bart. 

April \l. At Edinburgh, aged 73, Sir 
James Fergusson, tbe third Baronet (1 703) 
of Kilkerran, co. Ayr. 

Sir James was the nephew and heir of 
Sir Adam Ferpusson. LL.D. formerly 
M.P. for ' ' ''■ -flsforthc 
rily of Ivi '111 of the 

Earls o( (- — iic unsuc- 
cessfully claimed in ITttb. ^ir James 
succeeded lus uncle in tbe baronetcy Sept. 
^ 1813. 

He was twice married : first, in ITM^ , 
to Jcun, st'COdi! ' '" ' '"' ''u^id 
lialiytiiple. III 1 Lie 

li.ltt our .iitl. WO 

' in 

■iW- 
111^ yi.il tlii; iiuu. tut, 

second daughter of .. > >>at- 

aH^ and atst«r to the jircscuv X^ari «C 




f'wnpfrdiiwn. Br that Mv, wlio >ur. 
' e had is8ue eight sons nod 
fi. 

i ... " n^iiniii f, now Sir Ch»rle» 

IhUf^Tir 'if lloilcii is !in 

LadvociiN bitr, nitd miirried 

in litsiVi iUL-u, 8^tt.>iiil (ludgbti-T of ilie 
Ht. Hon. Ihis-til Iloylr, Lurd Justice 
Qerk. 
wot 



,] OfliTVABT.— Srr D, Mackwor(h,Bart.'~8ifJ, Copley, Btrrt, 211 



fatb«r of Ladv Ilowick, great-uncle to 
the MarrjuiB of Abcrcorii, and brother-in. 
law to Lord M«iiiurs. 

He w«.s the younger son of Sir JiHeph 
Topley, the first HBrciiict of the ««cond 
creHtioii of 1778, by Aliiry, daugLt(>r of 
John Francis Duller, of Morval in Corn. 
wnll, Bart, rateriially, the firtt Sir Jo* 
i^eph M'lis of the ftiiiiilv of Moyle, of 
Uukc, in that county j but through the 
f»nillies of Copley and Fit*WJlliaui, the 
liaronct now deceased was bcir of the 
body and lineal representative of Albreda 
de Lizouris, heiress of Sprotborough ia 
the reign of Henry II. (See Hunter'a 
History of South Yorkshire, vol. I. p. 
313.) 

The late Baronet succeeded to the title 
on tlie decease of his brother Sir Lionel, 
who died unmarried, April li, 1801. He 
was formerly in the anny, and attained 
the rank of Colonel. 

Sir Joseph Copley married. May 23, 
179!), CeciC eighth diiughter of the Hon. 
and Rev, Georf^c Hamilton, fourth son 
of James second Earl of Aberconi. Her 
Lady§hip's first marriage with her coutin 
John James Marquess of Hamilton, K.G. 
(by kvliiiin she was mother of the preient 
Countess of Wicklow) bad been dissolved 
by art of Parliament in the preccdinff 
month. The Marquess's first wire 
(grandmother of the present Marquess) 
bad been Sir Joseph Copley's sister. 
Lady Copley died June 10, 1819, leaving' 
issue one son, now Sir Joseph William 
Copley, Burt, born in 1804 ; 2. the Rt. 
Hon. Mnriii Viscountess Ilowick, mar* 
ried in 183:2 to Henry Lord Viscount 
HoMick, heir apparent to Earl Grey \ 
and 3. another daughter. Sir Godfrey's 
funeral took place ou the 26th May at St. 
George's, Bayswuier; the hearse wiis fol- 
lowed by the carringes of the cabinet 
ministers, and those of many other friends 
of the deceased. 



StaDtfisr Mackworth, Bart. 

Mof £. Aged 71. Sir Digby .Mack- 
wartli, tlie third Bart. (1776) of GnoU 
OuUe, cu. Glamorgan. 

Jfr was bom May 14, 1766. the younger 
of Sif Herbert the first Baronet, by 
H>^>|, Juliana Digby, daughter of W'il- 

in null i .nrd Digby. He «"a* formerly 
a I Commoner of Magdalen 

C" lord ; and after^^'ards, for a 

short time, in the Royal Navy, In MQX 
be succeeded to the baronetcy on the death 
of his brother Sir Robert Humphrey 
Mackworth, who died without issue, but 
left all bi« estates to bis widow, who re- 
Burricd Caijci Hatibury Leigh, of Pont- 
y.prol. rn. Slonmoulb, eso. In 1798 Sir 
li no Lieut. -Col. conimundant 

o: Oxford loyal volunteers, iind 

hereci'i ' ."vrury degree of U.C.L. 

fmn tl: )' June 18, 179V. On 

iIm reiii . ... -! . '- wur in 1803 he again 
■cvepted the command of the Oxford 
nqpnieni ol volunteers, but resigned it in 

Sir Digby Mackworth married first, in 
1788. Jane only daughter and heiress of 
(be Rev, Matlbi'w Deere, by whom he 
had issue four sons and seven daughters : 
1, Sir I>igby Mackworth, who has suc- 
ceeded tu the title; be was born in M&d, 
is m Hajor in the army, and married in 
US8 Sophia-Noel, daughter of James 
AAanni esq. and grand- daughter of Sir 
BotMM Maim, Bart. ; 2. Herbert ; 3. 
dwlotte- Harriet; 4, Artliur. Francis- 
Jnhnt b. WLlliani-Uarcourt-hham : 6. 
Frances- Juliana; 7. Mary, married in 
1^10 to the Rev. Dr. Cieavfr, eldest son 
of the Archbishop of Dublin j 8. Au- 
fufta; D. Anna-Mariu, who dicdin 1819; 
\0. Georgiana-Lucy ; and II. Alatilda- 
Jane. 

Having lost bis first lad^ in 1808, Sir 
Uigby married secondly, tii 18:21. Pbi- 
lippa, daughter of the Kev. James Affleck, 
Prebcndwry of Southwell, and sister to 
Ibe prp» ■ • ■' ^^ Sir Robert Affleck, 
Bsri. i ..f York. We believe 

■be aim- ic him. 

8ift JoSCTH ropF.FV, Bart. 
Afcy fil. In \V' Vord, in his 

"TOtb year. Sir Jc ■■. the tliird 

^tn, <»778) of Sp.^.„..^.u^b, CO. York. 




Sir R. C. Glyn, BAar. 

April 27. In Arlington street, aged 
83, Sir Richard Carr Glyn, of Gautits^ 
CO, Dorset, Bort, late an Aldennan of 
London, and Father of ibc City, Presi- 
dent of Bridewell and Bethlehem hos- 
piuls, F.S,A. &c. £(0. 

He was the eldest ion, by the second > 
marriflge, of Sir Richard Glyn, Lord 
Mayor in 17^ and who at the close otA 
his mayoralty in I75f< was advanced to «( 
baronetcy, which is now enjoyed by hie ■ 
grandson (by his first wife), bir Leweni 
Powell Giyn, of Ewell.co. Surrey, Bart., 
His mother wa*; Elixtibetb, daughter and J 
co-heiress of Robert C^irr, esq. brutherj 
to Sir Robert Carr, iif Etiill, co. Nor- 
thumberland, Bort. 




Sir R. C. Gltfn,Bart.~^Major-Gett. Sir J. C. Sntytft, Bart. [Ang. 



Sir Richnril Cai-r fSlyn wnstalmttkor in 
London. He wfis elictetl Alderman of 
Bi»l)opsKUti' Murd in 1700, and in tiic 
>«iHf yt'ttr served tlie offiec of Sheriff of 
London mid Middlesex; and in l7'Ji<-9 
that of Lord A'Iii)T)t. At the general 
election of 17% he was returned to I'ur- 
liamcnt for the horough of St. Ives, (or 
which be «it until the dissolution in 18ltt. 
He WW created a BHronet by pAteni 
dated Nov. 22, I80t1. In 1S25>, on the 
detth of Sir William ("urti'«, he bi'cnnic 
the Father of tho Corporation, nnd was 
removed to Brid(:;e Wnrd Wirliont ; but in 
1H36 he wholly reRigncd the uldemisnic 
gown, iuid was succeeded as father of the 
City by Sir Cluudins Stephen Hunter, 
Mart. 

He married Jiilv 2, 1785, ALiry, only 
duiigliter of John f'lumtrec, of Notling- 
lutin. nnd of Fredville in Kent, e«q. and 
Ly that ludy, who died in 1832, he had 
i«sue six !^nns and two daughters: 1. 
Alary Klizubeth, nmrried in 181 1 to Ed- 
ward tJrealhed, of Uddinj^s house, eo. 
Dorset, esq. ; t?. Sir Uiehard Plumtree 
Glyn, who ha^ succeeded to the title, 
bom in I7b7, and now or hitelya Gentle- 
man of the Privy t^lmmber; 3. Robert 
Thomas John Glyn, e.^i. who died in 
IBatj, leavittg issue bv bis « ife Frederica 
Eliziibclh, third dmiglittr of Henry Har- 
ford, of Down Place, in Berlcshirc, esq,; 
i>. Thomas Christopher Glyn, e*cj, who 
died in MiVl, leaving issue three son* by 
bis wife Juliu-Ciriice, duu|:;liter of the lulc 
Thomas Charles DiKg. of Benton Houm, 
CO. Northumberland, C!i(|. ; 3. Carr-John, 
who died an infant ; (i. (iriin;e Qirr Glyn, 
esq. who nmrried in ]&iti, Muriannc, 
daughter of Puscoe Grenfell, of T/iplow 
house, Herks, esq. and has is.>ue ; 7. the 
Hev. Carr John Glyn, Kector of Witeh- 
nrnptun, co. I)or«et, who married in 
IH3I, Au^uAtn, dtiuj^hter of John (iran. 
ville, esq. but hi-eame « widower in 18y7 ; 
and 8. Fliz.ibeth, who died in IHttr), in 
her ibiid year. 



M*.ioh-Gfn. Siu J. C. Smith, K.C.H. 

March 4'. At < Innip-houie, (Jetiive. 
town, fiuiann, aged 'j8, At.tjor- General 
Sir Jnines Cnriiiieliael Sinvth, Bart, of 
NutwiMid. Surrey. K. ( I.H., ( :. B., k.M.T. 
nnd K.Si.W., Governor of Briiiah Gui- 
Biia und ()emerai». 

He was dex-ended (rum the bnrient 
Seotish family ol Cannielmel. utid Wh« 
the repre»entfttivefif ilie Hiilnimlily bmneh, 
being the onlv ^o\\ i>l Jmum-v t'tfrmir-hnrl, 
nh., ' ■ 
ad fill 



I- 
i.ii<.'iitfiu>nt 



in the Royal Engineers March 1.3, 17©5 ; 
First Lieutenant, March .'i, 1 7fJ7 ; Cnp- 
inin, July], iHOi; Lieut^Colonel, Oct. 
:?(), 1813; Aidc-de-Camp to the Prince 
Repent nnd Colonel in the Array, June 
29, 1816. He served iu command of the 
Engineers iit the battle of Waterloo ; and 
in consennence received the order of 
Mari:i Theresa from the Emperor of 
Austria, and the fourth elass of that of 
St. Wladimirfroni the Empcrorof Rus.<<ia. 

Sir James (J. Smyth was created A 
Baronet by patent dated Aug. 2Ji, lft2L 
Jn 18ii he >vfts promoted to the rank of 
Major- (iencral. ^ 

Id June 1833 he was appointed (io- 
venior of British Guinmi ; nnd on the 
occasion of his death the government and 
opposition pnpers of that colony were alike 
enthusiastic in the pinise of his persona! 
virtues. From the former we make the 
follo\sinp^ cxtrnets : 

" His Kxcellcncy's senatorial and legis- 
lative abilities, together with his admir. 
iihle prudence in preserving universal 
tranquillity in this province, have gnined 
for him the high approbation of the inu 
periul legislature, und billed forth on 
many occasions the culogiiinis o( the so- 
vereign whom he represer^ted. The public 
acts of his uncompromising justice and 
benevolence have left indelible trnees 
upon many hearts, nnd have made the 
poor within bis benign indnence Jeep 
debtors to liis impurlial pliilunlhropy. 
Cumiptiuii and ojipression Lave had their 
roots almost severed by his strong and 
welUdireefed strokes ; und the widow 
und the fatherless, who hud no help in 
man, in him foui>d sutety and piote<Tiion. 
HiA anxious solicitude for the well-being 
of all i'ln«:M-s of this province is abundantly 
evident from the muny iiistiiriccs ifi which 
he biii destroyed sinecures, redui'ed ex. 
travagiuit salaries, and enacted impartial 
laws for ihegovernment of rich and poor." 

in the tatter paper it is renuirked : 

" It cn'iiHit be clenied that to our late 
(fovernor this Colony is indebted for 
very many high bene(ii'i;il tnensurei. On 
the eventful ehnnge which took pliiee in 
Aug, IKSi, it i<i ut least certnin that he 
«ncce<'dcd in currying throuj:1i fhii mea- 
sure with a* little of poi>ii 'ion 
und human nulfering u» tip line 
could li.ivi- ■■'■■■■ ■• ' ' ,• of 
gre.-iler ci .ral 
rime won. I -till 
our iipinioii. Th«f rrxult, iiowrver, if not 
as salinfaelory at (I wni (lo^^iblc f.t \\n\t 
ri'lideir'd It, K, i ,. to 
eluKn (iir Itix l'> >iiy, 

as It I '••■ i|ie' 

liiil la- 

ti(ii> -;,,,.' . nrj. 



1838,] Gtn. Wtfti^ard. — Major-Gtn, Barry.^^E. H. Logan^Esq. 213 



iKilding tills imme on his- cenornph a» > 
fnrtor of liis kind, lie iiifii!M.'il into 
dir cotinciU uf biBuiluiiiii^uatiuii it dei^cc 
of entrry »rnl a sjiirit of reForm uliicli 
crtiiM Ui>nt liave oriKen from a Btrong 
miiul and nn nhlx bitkd like hi8 own. Me 
•rruck n< ' . whi'revcr lie met with 

it with ;:it>ing df teriuinotiun ; 

be rrfoni.. ail list in a Kjiirit of 

rigid but tnir ocononiy, mid he abolished 
v-AfioiM 6inrcure offices which Itad hitherto 
cuftied but as source* of comi|it |>a- 
tii>n*»^." 

S f '. Smyth imirriod. Altiy 28, 

1^1 . only chihl of the liitc (reii, 

Rot.t V-, hy whom he hajsleft i*sm? 

Sir Jkuius Kobcrt Smyth, the present 
Barviiet, born in It^l7. 



UKKKRAI. WVNYAHn. 

April 3. Ill L'jijjer BriMik-stieet, nped 
76, iienernl Henry Wynyard, Colonel of 
(I,,- ti-'il, f Mi„p„i^ and oiiL- (if the Con- 
K>l il of Geiienil OJlieers. 

1 1 juiintcd an EiiMigii in the Ist 

foot ^tMrUi> lit June 1779; and in May 
179-*) I'ifiiicnuiit vvitli the rank ul Ctiiitaiii. 
Ill T' ' I ihe latter year he eitibitrked 

Vii ide of guards for ilolland, 

■uU il wiili ihc army through 

t'laiidrr*. In May following he returned 
to Engluud, hu\ing been promoted to a 
nMnpuny with the rank of Lieut. -Colonel. 
In Nov. 1791 be rejoined llie Uritiali 

■y in the neighlioiirhiXMl ofArnheiin, 
after the retreiii of (htit winter eiii- 

ked for Knglund at Uremeii Lee- Me 
received the brevet of Colonel, Mny 3, 
l75Mi; snd early in 1798 was appointed to 
ibe commitiid of a Hank ballallion, farmed 
from tho groimdiors of the briipide of 
guards; and in Aug. IT'lt) landed at the 
Heider under Sir f^alpl' Abercroniby. 
lie ivtts present in every ni'tion in tluit 
rjQMrdilion except the last ; in that of the 
t^ Sciii. he wns wounded. He attained 
tbe r&iiK of Miyor- General April 29, 
iBOi; and in M.-»y MMtS be wuis placed 

»n the (.tJifTof (Jreiit iiriiain, and ap. 

itted to the euniiiiniiil of a brigade of 
ds in the sf>uthern di>ilriet. He was 
promoted to be Lieut.. (iciiend May 2o, 
IfMH ; in June to tlie emiiniurid of tlic 
MUtb-west difttrict of Indmid ; and on 
ihc litb Scp». to the Cotimelty of the 
<Jkh foot, from w hieli he was n-inoved in 
April l»l(j to that of llie 4(lth reKirnent. 
He lerred for some yenrs upon the slalF 
■t Edinburgh, miiil rvn>i>ve(l in Marrh 
I8JC, on the KUceeMion, as a nuranure of 
rronorny, urMnjor-taeiicrals to ^tafl'situu- 
lioji* iiivleod ot l.ieiit..litiiciiil-H. He re- 
friv,..i .i,,,i.,...., , ..(i:i.|„.,al Aiif.'. I?, |H|i>. 

( ■ ! Avuv l*ir many years 

K (<i Jchuinber to hi» Uoysl 



Highness the Duke of ('umb«rland, the 
present King of Hanover. 

He married, in I79.'i, his cousin I*ady 
Matilda West, sister to the late and pre- 
sent KntU Dctuwarr, and the youngett 
child of John second Karl I^elawurr, by 
Mary, daughter of Lieut.- Gen. John 
^Vyllyllrd. 




Majob-Ukn. H, G. Daeky'. 

May ll. At Ballyclough bouce, co. 
Cork, nged 68, Major- GeneriLl Henry 
Green Burry. 

Thisoflieer obtained aii Eii&igncyin the 
15lh foot in 1789, and n Lirutcnaney in 
1791. He joined his regiment at Do- 
minien in the fpring of 17",)2, and returned 
ill 1795. In May 1791 he was promoted 
to n troop in the 7tb dragoon guards. He 
served in Ireland during the rebellion, 
and ueted as Aide-de-ruinii to MRJor- 
Gcii. Sir W. Myers. On the HHrd Jan, 
mo], he was removed to n company in the 
^x^^\^ foot ; and in July following he was 
promoted to a. majority ill the 5Jlh; from 
which lie was rtniuved to the 1.0th foot 
in Octolier of the same year, and in 
March following promoted to the Lieut. - 
Colonelcy of the same regiment. 

In Jan. 18t»5 he went out to the West 
Indies, whence he returned in June i8<M. 
He received the brevet of Colonel in 
1810, and that uf Alnjor. General in 1813. 
He sithnei^uently served for some time on 
ibc atalf of Ireland, and wii.s stutiutied at 
Dublin, and Nubsei|uciitly at Limerick. 
He had rciired from the army some years 
ago, retiiining \m rank, 

K. H. Logan, E842. M.P. 

^yrii Vi. In Pall Mall, ORed CC. 
Robert Hart Logan, esq. of Kent well 
Hall, Suffolk, M,F. for the Western IJi- 
vitiion of tlut county, and a Magistrate 
and Deputy Lietitcnunt of the lame. 

Mr. Logan was u merchant of London. 
He had nut long possessed the fine old 
nian<.ioii of Kentwell Hall ; we find that 
in Itit^-t, when Neale piibiiiibed a view of 
it ill bis Gentlemen's Seats, it belonged 
to Rieh.ird Moore, esq. He served the 
office of High Sheriff of Suffolk in 18V8. 
At the general elcetioti of iKii be first 
iM'caine a candidate for the Western divi- 
sion on the ( 'onservative interest ; but 
was nrisurcessful, the numbers being, 
H. Wilson, csii. I7;i3 

Col. Hushbrooke . l(3o5 

.Mr. Logan .... l.'XH) 

Mr. Hales iai<) 

At till- lust election in IB.17, he was re- 
liiriacd at the head of the pull, the niim* 
beis being, for 



214 Jas. Nalse, Esq.— 'Lt. •Gen. Sir E. Barnes.— Ct^t. Parkinson, [Aug. 




R. H. Logan, esq. . . 8217 
Col. KusbbTookc . . 8173 
Sir H. Ilunbtiry . . . 1500 
H. Wilson, esq. . . . lj<)5 
Ir. LoBun ImH been nppointed, with 
es»r». Bliss, Guuld, and Gillespie, at 
[■jlepiitfttipn, with some gentlemen from 
Qucliec and AloiUren), to give the Oo- 
Ternment inrornuition un Canada nlTairs, 
and urge the tiniuti of the Provinces. Mr. 
Logan WHS brought up iit the College of 
Montrenl with Papineau, with whose 
ebamoter be was m-cU acquainted, and 
whom he always described as tbc greatest 
cownrd, and siniost a* great ■ linr as be 
CTcr met witli. 

Mr. Los«n marrird, inl8l8, Nancy, 
dniighter and co-heiress of [Robert Ser- 
vice, esq. 

jANfES l^Ai.eE, Esq. M.P. 

May 14. In Reptnt-street, in his 70lh 
jrear, James Halse, esq. M.P. for St. 
Ires, and u Magistrate for Cornwall. 

This gentleman was one of the most 
enterprising and successful adventurers in 
mines of the present day. He was Lieut.- 
Col. commandant of tne St. Ives volun- 
teers, formed .'JOth June 1W>3. He was 
first returned to Parliament for St. Ives 
at the general election of 1886, and he bad 
continued to represent the same borough 
fruin that time, with the exception of the 
ahoit parliament of la'JO. In Lis i>o]itics 
he >vas a moderate Whig. 

LiKfT.-GfN. Sir E. Barj'es, M.P. 

Mafeh 19. In Piccadill)', sf^ed G8, 
Lieut. • General .Sir Edward Baniea, 
G.C.B., K.Al.T., K.S.A., of Beech- 
hill Pork, near Bonict. Colonel of the 
31st loot, and M.V. for Sudbury. 

This officer was appointed Major in the 
99tb foot Nov. IG, 1794, Lieut.- Colonel 
in tbc army Jan. I, 1800 ; M^jor in the 
79th foot Feb. 17 foUowine; Lieut.- 
Colonel in the 46th foot April 23. 1H07 ; 
Colonel in the array Iftll), Major-tJcniTul 
81.1, and Lieut.- Genoral lfr2o. Ik- 
ed on the statfin Spain and Portugal, 

which he was appointed in 1818; and 
commanded a brigade nt the iMtttles of 
Vlttoria, Pyrenees, Neville, Neve, and 
Orthc*. He also served with the nnny 
in the camimitni of 1815 in the Nether- 
lands and Fi . . , . 

and was tcw' 

Waterloo. 1 

sion lit- received the Austnau order of 
Maria Tlu rrin, tind tJir Htis«:i;in nrdrr tif 
St. Ai 
oukIv, < 
tl,. i- 




Aug. 85, 1882; and of the 3)st foot, 
Oct. ]<(, lB3<t. He vras raised to the 
rank of n Grand Cross of the Bafb, Feb. 

24, is.'n. 

In 1819 be was appointed to the staff 
in Ceylon, and in June 1831 he was 
appointed Commander. in-cliief in the 
East Indies, uht-rc he had the locnl rank 
of General. He was alterwurds Gover- 
nor of Ceylon. 

He first contested the borouffb of Sud- 
bury in July 18.34, on the death of M. A. 
Taylor, esq, when, the number of vote* 
being equal, the mayor as relinjil' 
exercised a privilege which he i 

to belong to him, of making his n...^ .....t 
between the two candidates, and rerumed 
Sir Edward Barnes. A petition was in 
progress when the general election of I 
1835 ensued, and be then lost his seat, , 
the nunil " . 

Joli' .. Tj. . . 2S5 

Bern. .;..,tb, esq. . 8.51 

Sir E. Bames .... 841 
L. Stephens, esq. . . . 887 
and the two former were consequentlf I 
returned. 

At the last election be contested the 
borouph a third time, and was returned 
by a large majority, the result of the poll, 
being, for 

Sir Edtrard Bamea . . 
Sir Jsmcs Hamilton, Bart. 
Benjamin Smith, enq. 
T. B. Turton, esq. . . 
Sir Edward Barnes was n ronscrvBtive 
in his politics. His portrait, from a pic- 
ture painted for (he i.iland of CVylon, bjr t 
John Wood, esq. will (shortly be pub* { 
lished, engraved on steel in meuotinto, i 
by G. T. Payne. 



372 

348 

151 

10 



Cakt. W. S. Parkimsok, R.N. 

Miy 19. Aged m, Capt. William 
Standway Parkinson, R.N. of Nutford- 
place, Edgvt are-road. 

This officer is said to faave been " ons J 
of the earliest followers of Nelson," toJ 
whose notice he w-ns recommended bf 
Captain (the late Sir C, M.) Pole. He 
received his &rst rommiasion in 179i;, 
served as junior Licuieniint of the Dld»| 
88, in her gallant action with In MincrvflJ 
frigate, June 84, 1795; and wa« third of 
Nelson's flag-ship, at the defeat of tbflj 
French fleet in Aboukir boy, Aug. 1. 
1708. His promotion tn the rank o 
Commander took plttcf A<"^ i-' 17^*9, 

C^apt. Parkinson snl '^tn-J 

iflnndfil the Zi"hf.'ibf>ni(i:i 'lOp,! 

Fa-I 
Ucx.! 

T' 



Tefti«r.— TAotnaa Stock, Etq—W. D. WiUoH, Esq. 




■Bueynrvrintr the «nrr*»n»fcr of the Dunisb 
Wf ' " t. 9,1808. 

I ' ' uiily ddiiKliter 

.. L.^,.u,.. ,.,uikf, of Uckficld. 



M. Tcss:i:u. 
Dee, Al i'mris w^ed iH, M. TcKsier, 
DurcHor oC the Koynl dorks ut Kiun- 
twuilkit B kniKtit ul tlic le|j;u>ii ot honour, 

an<! ■■' ' ''■•■ '•■• '■■■ 

.^ i)<l of liif 

lite ' lUurc as a 

lomctf, noli rendLTL-tl lui iujportant ecr- 
vice to his country by intrudiicing (lie 
sb«ep, in doing nbich be was 
Louis XVI. Diuiiig ibf pe- 
Brehy eugendcreU by I be French 
icvolotioii, M. Tesisier lived in retirc- 
in Noroianiiy, without ceaidng, 
10 occupy biineeif with his (a- 
pur^uit. When order was re- 
i, b« ri'-appeiircd in Pari!;, und \va« 
1 with entbuittDsin by bi« ancient 
eoUeaKues. He was tbe editor ot the 
Annals of PVcncli Agriculture, a very 
t>ciiu»dicttl work, wbtcli wns 
in 171^. To faitn Frniice is 
ted for Georges Cuvicr, whom 
I'ttaier, the tirAt to digcovir bis 
t*lcnt», invited to Paris, ond introduced 
to tbe 6c-i«nu/tc world. 




TuOMAS StOi'K, Ei^ii. 

27. At his rc$idciii'e »t Hen- 
near ilristol. »ned 10, Thomas 
, psq. one at her Majesty's Justices 
of tbe Pence lor the county of Gloiiivsier, 
and a Mneutrate and Alderman of Bris- 
tol. 

No ordinary (jiitt]itie«> coinbiricd to form 
the character of tlii» rxcelleiit tnnn ; und 
Ikis native city will bold bim in long and 
lonate remembrance. His firm but 
olcnt .idminisinitioii of bis duties as 
tr— ■■- ' and as Governor of St. 
Pi' t^ ; liis iiitflligcnce as a 

Disi' ^s, conspicuously developed 

when Preeident of the Chamber of (Joni- 
rocrec - bi"< ehcerful comfiliiincc with the 
n(f iliials who 

aoi ! his judg. 

nil .1 iviijj;ious and 

rd. 1 the expanded 

di-j to honour piety 

and intejfniy, wlierevei to be found, se- 
cured to .^^I Stock the warm esteem of 
a i>< ■> of bis fellow>citizen», and 

a 'itcte (il attached friends 

Ik - '' '• '■■■:"•■ ^ '•■ 

In/l 

lui^x ... 

taimng thu tor buuteii, he ni:vvt <lciiu-d 

to othcri the same privilege. In early 

life tvdulously dcvotcii to buiiiieMi b« (o 



a great extent in after years gratified a 
naltifftl thirst for knuwlcdne by extettsive 
reading, and the enjoyment of the society 
of literarj' :i' ■' ■• •" 'nformeil men. He 
hud tbe li.i i honour to have the 

personal n < .>t the hite eminent 

und excelieui liiiltop Jebb, who had fre> 
quently been a visitor at Air. Stock's hos. 
pituble abode, and who, in the following 
iiiisfuge (exiruetcd troni his interesting 
Lifei.bear'i honourable testimony to tbe 
many excellent <|ualities of this gentle- 
man: — " Mr. S. is one of those charac- 
ters nu-ely to be found, in wbicb are 
united strongly discriminative judgment, 
with the most ready overfloiving wit ; 
deep ehrii^tiun seriousness, without an 
atom ot cant ; strong nntnrul self-culti- 
vated povver>4, without a shadow of the 
coarseness or self-suflieieriey, which too 
commonly are the drawbarks on Bucb 
qualities. His convert^ation was a con- 
tinuui rich and intellectual feast," 

The remains of Mr. Stock were in- 
terred in the family touU at Henbury, 
and the high esteem and ref^pect in which 
be was held by all elasiscs were on that 
mournful occasion most amply developed. 
On the next day (Sunday) an excellent 
sermon on the occasion was preached by 
the Kcv. Mr, Gray, in the pnri.sb church 
of Heitbury ; and at the Mayor's Chapel, 
Uristol, the event was alluiied to in the 
most impressive atid touching manner by 
tbe H«v. Mr. ttocket. 



4 
4 



W. D. WiLHON, Esq. 

I^teli/. Aged .^1-, Wilson Dobie Wil- 
son, esq. F,B.S, Edinb. 

This accumplisbcd und amiable gentle- 
man was horn at Grarigevale, near Beith, 
on 30th Nov. 1803. By t)»c death of his 
maternal uncle, in April 1622, he came 
to the ]>ossessiun of a very handsome for- 
tune. While prosecuting his studies at 
the University of Edinburgh, he resided 
in the house of tbe lute Kcv. Dr. Fleming, 
minister of Ludy Yesters church. He 
afterwards travelled through a consider- 
able part of the continent of Europe, and 
vixitcd most of those scenes which have 
been celebrated for their natural gniiideur 
or beauty, and most of those place* which 
are enriched with the triunijihs ot ancient 
and modern art. On his return to hi» 
native country, he became a member of 
the Honoui-Hble Faculty of Advocates; 
but -. iiny intention of following 

tbi —ion, he roticed to Gleiutf- 

'■■ i.Miiiilly romantic residence on 

of the Clyde, tthere he spent 
Ills time in tbo prosecution of 
iitei«ry mid philosophicid subjects. Ili> 
knowledge ol Uioks was aceuiate and ex- 
tensive, and be bad collected with gre«t 



I 

I- 



■Hi 



rii^^lili 



■iiii 



■Hi 



216 



Obituary. — Rev. Dr. Marsham. — Mr. Andrew Athe. 



[Aug. 



jiidgmcnt and taste one of the best pri- 
vate libraries to be met with. He was 
intimately ncqiiaiiited with ihu litcniture 
of Fruiii.'e and Italy, as well as with Ibnt 
of Ei)gliiiid ; bad paid lon^iiderublc utteri. 
tion to the study of Angio-Suxon, und to 
the philosophy of laiigunges in general. 
But iiifi fiivourite»ubjee(s were the history 
and aniiqiiiliea of his native country. In 
illuatratiun of thcfie, be had carefully 
studied llie kindred •ubjects of heraldry 
and architecture. He had Intuly been 
elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of 
Edinburgh, and he had previously been a 
member of the Council of the Maitland 
(Mub. In Jon. 1833, bo married Geor- 
gianu Sumner, daughter of the present 
eminent Bi!<hop of Che8ter; and he has 
left a Hon and ii duughter. 

His sudden and tiielaricholy death took 
place while be was on ii visit to his mother. 
Immediately after drcss^irii^ for dinner, he 
fell down und instantly expired. His 
death will be long and derply felt, not 
only by his afflicte<l widow iind relatives, 
but by a wide circle of attached friends. 
Li all the relations of life he acquitted 
him»elf with great propriety. A true 
Christian, he was not only reguhir in bis 
attention to the external observances of 
religion, but strict in the dischariLje of its 
practical duties. A kind liuRbanrl, a duti- 
ful son, an affertioniiie brother, und a 
faithful friend, his sudden reinovitl from 
the etijoyinent of every thing that can 
render life desirable, is one of those pain, 
ful lessons which are necessary to teach 
us to set our affections on things above. 



Rev. Dr. .Maebhmas. 

Dec. 7. At Seranipore, oged 69, the 
Rev. Dr. James Marshniiin. 

He was u native of Wesibury Leigh in 
Wiltshire, where bis father and mother 
died u few years since. He was one of 
the missionaries dispatched to India by 
the Uuplists to preach llie gospel to the 
Hindoos. He arrived in India in ll'M, 
and settled ut Serumpore with his com- 
panions. For three years he diligently 
studied the Bcngnlee and Sanskrit; after 
which he applied to the study of Chi- 
nese, for tlie purpohc ot transUilirig the 
Scriptures into that language. Ry dint 
of iiieesfiiiit lubuur, und u^sihtcd by three 
natives of ilic eoimtry, he •ibtaincd a per- 

Lfect knowledjje of that difficult loni^uc. 
He lrar>»lAted into it the Gospels of Mat- 
thew, Alark, mid John, the b)|iistlFM of 
St. Paul to the Romnn-v ntid ('orinthi;ins, 
and the Rook of (iciii;:«is. He was the 
author of •• A Di-isertMi ' ' ' .. 
ractcr* and .Sounds nt : 
rui»RC,"ito. mW\ "'111. , k - 
ludui^ containing (be orifniAl lext, wuh 
L^ 



a trnnslation," 4to. 1811; and " ClaTia 
Sinica; Ktements of Chinese GrHinmsr,j 
with n jireliininiiry dissertation on tli 
chunicteris .-iiid the collo<iuiBl medium of 
the Chinese; and un Appendix, contain* 
ing the 'J'a- Hyok of Confucius, with a1 
translntion," 1«H. These work^ Iny Eu- 
ropean literature under everlusting obli- 
gations to the learned und laborious trans* 
lutor. 

Dr, Marshmnn was the last survivor 
those devoted men who were the founderti 
of the Senimpore mission. At home, Sut* 
clifle, and Rylnnd, mid Fuller have been 
removed from the church on earth ; ii{ 
India, < 'arey and Ward, and now Alarsh. 
man, have ceased from their labours,! 
" The fathers, where are they? and tli»| 
prophets live not for ever." The li 
Iwurs of Carey, Marshman, and Wan 
will be more fully appreciated now the j 
are gone, and the tale of their gigantiol 
achievements will be handed down to fu»| 
ture ages with more commendation frotnf 
the wise and the good than they receired^ 
while living. 

All the missionary bretbren in Cal- 
cutta, of iili denominations, who were atJ 
liberrv, came up to Seranipore, end foUl 
lowed the remains of Dr. Marsh man to] 
the tomb. He was interred in the saro*] 
burying ground in which the mortal re< 
mains of bis two beloved colleagues rc-<] 
pose. Only two days before Dr. .'Vlarsh- 
man's death in India, a union was effected 
between the Seramjiore mission, and ibc 
Baptist Missionary Society. 

Mr, Anorkw Aa(i£, 

Aorit. ... At Dublin, jiged 82. Mr.^ 
Amlrew Ashe, the ctlebruted intisician. 

He was born nt Lisbtirn in the nortk] 
of Ireluiid, und educiited nt Woolwick 
where ul the early age of nine ho sliowej 
a great disposition for mutic, and devote 
n portion of his weekly alluwiinee to pa| 
for lessons on the violin, which he re* 
ctived from the muster of the Royal Ar. 
tillery Imnd. When be wus, tuelve yeur^l 
old, u lawsuit, which hod be>-ii mi 
for many years between » n 
nobleman and his grandfather, i- i 

so niui'h to the di»adviinlHge nt Ihu Udcr, 
thut it became inconvcitient for your 
A^hc to be continued »it io illKtiittt 
*fho<.il, and he was oeruiiloigly teralird K 
Iiclund. Previously, huwevtr, to hiss proJ 
posed removal, it hitppened that Count 
Bcntinek, a meinbrr of thr< Duke 
I'oriliinds fiitnily, ■• n, tin 

Hrilish scivicc. \h ■ will 

hJH tllMi' ' t 

und in ■ 

houike, ..- .: J -r-- -^ ... 

him to Aliflorca, wberc his regiment Ui« 



I 



* 




Ucl; , 

■a much tiiai he >riL% »oon looked upon its 
t nju<tc»1 prtxlipv for Vii<i aije. iie next 
U'C" ' r in a long tour 

thr I'nuice, nndGer. 

nui )iy -vtui'ii with him on his 

niii !and. Here young Ashe's 

edt!' - particularly dtrecte4i to the 

object oi kis becoming a confidential ser- 
vikfiC on the Count's estates; but the boy 
mi» too far advanced in mu^ic, and too 
devoted to it, to permit hirn to pay the 
attention requisite to complt'te bimidf 
for the intendt'd office of land steward. 
He lind now acquired n pretty geneml 
knowledge of various wind instrument*, 
haring attended the regular pmctice of 
hi« p3tron'!i rc^mcntul bund; and nboiit 
thit time be ehowcd an evident (li<^p0'«ition 
for the Hute, but it viiA then co liniiteil nii 
injatruinent, that uftcr roiuiderabie Appli- 
cation he relimiuished it, in consequence 
of its great imperfeetioni. 

Shortly alter this, the Sieur Vanhall 
arrived at the Hague from London, bring- 
ing a flute made by Potter, and oimounced 
a conrcrt, in which he was to perform a 
concerto trith «> H-tyt. It being the tii'st 
of th«f>e improved instruments that had 
rmrhed Holland, a general curiosity was 
tsnriled to see where thc»e keys could be 
plared un ■ flute, and no one was so ar. 
ttvely curiou<> in this respect as young 
Jkthe, who lost no time in oiTering bia 
ice* on the violin, ai>d promising the 
nt'« patronage of the concert, which 
he accordingly procured for Vanhall. 
These addittoual keys on Vunball's date 
were in Mt hands only ornamental, as he 
bad not acquired the use of them ; but 
when young Ashe tried them, and found 
that tljey produced all the half notes us 
full and round u« I he tones natural to the 
inotruinenf in it» unkcycd state, be miidc 
lip hi« mind to have this flute. cohIp gui 
KHtr . which he accomplished at a con- 
•jdeiable price, by the Count's indidgence. 
was about the latter end of ]771y 
Aibe had not attained lii» sixteenth 
From that period he gave up the 
in and dedicated hiis entire alieiition 
hi? nrwiy acquired purchase. After 
upplication, the celebrated 
i-essor to Quartz, the king 
i~!' r, cam*.' to the Hague, 
\-iif hm! «otne lesKuns; 
■'■■ visit, >\'ciidling told 
■ .!'« a bad one, thni the 
;tom joint »f>oiled the 
' the «iniill key* were 
ily in quick pavMiges. 
ut iheiniiotrr not cor- 
high ideas and cxpec- 



• •■ - the scholar entertained of it« 
\ induced him lo iliseontinue 
.: jiis as soon ;is a proper respect for 
such a dt»tinguijihcd professor wotdd per- 
mit. Our young asjurant had then re< 
cour&c to his own natural genius and, 
after a few years' incessant application, 
became the admiration of Holhmd, chiefly 
from the uncommon fulness of his tune in 
tbosc more abstruse keys in music, which 
could not be produced from the flute then 
in general use, and which perfection was, 
erroneously in a great measure, ascribed 
to the pertormer, without allowing a par- 
ticipation in this honour to be due to the 
great improvement in the construction of 
his instrument. 

Flushed with the admiration which he 
bad experienced, Ashe now became de- 
sirous to launch into the world ; and bis 
benefactor, on hearing his wishes, per- 
mitted him to go, on a handsome salary, 
as mu»ician to Lady Torrington, then on 
the point of removing from Holland to 
BrugseU. He afterwards removed into 
the household of Lord Dillon, who also 
resided in thcsarac city. That nobleman 
was a great patron of the opera, and 
wished his musician to hove the situation 
of first flute in the opera orchestra, to 
which a demur was made by the Brabant 
nobility and Mcmisb subscdbers in gene- 
ral. Parties run high ; but there being at 
this period, 1778 and 1779, a great num- 
ber of English at Brii«s«ls, who were a 
material support to the opera, they de- 
manded a public trial of skill between the 
resident flute of the opera and young 
Ashe, which accordingly took place at the 
first rehearsal of tbe season ; and, although 
it was admitted that the Sieur Vanhall 
was by fur the most experienced muBirian 
and flute player, yet Ashe gained the 
general approbation and situation by his 
superiority of tone, for which he had to 
thank tbe impiovemcnt of his additional 
keys, in all probability, more than any pre- 
ference of emftoTic^eiir. In this school of 
musical improvement our young flutist 
remained for a few years, when an Irish 
gentleman of the nome of Wbytc, a great 
amateur of music, expressed the intention 
of making a grand continental tour -, and 
OS Ashe was by this time a general lin- 
guist, in addition to his flute playing, Mr. 
Whytc proposed to take Ashe with him, 
which was too congenial with our young 
traveller's disposition to be declined. 
After, however, reliiiquishing nil his en- 
g»gfmenl«, letter* called Mr. Wbytebeck 
to Irrlatid, and Ashe, having long had a 
hankering after the land of his birth, from 
which ho hiid iH'en absent since his in- 
fancy, willingly accepted Mr. VV^'J'J.e'* 
offer of accompanying him to "^ " 
i F 



« 



Dublin. 



>BTTtrAllT.*— Mr. 

Kot lonR after hit srrival he was cngaped 
lor the Kotiinda conrcrts, which were then 
briUinntly supported. Here Ashe re- 
mained n few years, and llie ^reat applause 
his performance always met with, was a 
stimulus 10 bis further improvement. 

His celebrity having for some time 
reached England, the late Mt. Salomon 
(who had, in 1701, brought over the im- 
mortal Haydn for his concerts in Hano- 
ver-square, and was anxious to have a 
Huitable orchettn to execute that imcom- 
parable mnster'a sinfonies, which were 
com|H>sed expressly for these concerts) 
suspended the engagement of his princi- 
pal flute until he htid the opportunity of 
hearing Ashe; which was nflbrdcd him 
the Mine summer, he being engaged to 
perform at the Rotunda eoncerth, with a 
celebrated violoncello player of the name 
of Sperut. Salomon was so highly plcueed 
with A^ibe's intonation and tone, that he 
gnvc him a very liberal engaf;ement for 
Hanover-Aijuare; and accordingly, in 170:^, 
he made bis first pubhc appearance in 
London, at SaloTDon't second concert, in 
L inanuscnpt concerto of liia own coinpo- 
ition, which wasrvplele with such novelty 
'■M to excite very coiiniderahle admiration. 
After this favonruhle tii'^«l he became and 
remained the reigning flute, both as an 
orchestra and concerto player, at all the 
established concerts in London, Upon 
the abdication of Monzani, Ashe wna ap- 
pointed principal tlutentthe Italian opera, 
which situation he held for several years. 
He next, on the demiiw of Kituzxini, in 
1810, was unanimously elected direc- 
tor of the IJoth concert;, which he con- 
ducted with great ubiiity for twelve ycara; 
but. in conRcfjiience of the times being 
unpropitious for public undcriulcings, was 
induced to reliiiqiiiKli their miinngemcnl in 
the winter of l8-jil.-,i; bwving lost a con- 
siderable sum by the last four yeura of bis 
direction. 

In 1790 Ashe married a pupil of Hans, 
■ini, whose vocul ezcelletice (na Mrs. 
" »bc) ii generally kiiowii, '1 lipy had u 

lumerous fumily. and -i ■r.' >' ,-,f 

bis daughters have bee .,■ 

performers, bothusvoi-- ,. 

formers on the harp und piitiio, Tiw 
eldest is married to a genilcinan of pro. 
perry iii the Kent Indies. Mr. Asbr's 
funeral took plrtce on (lie 30tb April at 
Jklcrriou, neiu' Dublin, 



Ma. John (;*tt Jo.vni. 

^firil 4, [n Somers I'o' 
Mr, John Gale Jones, the cJi 
omi'ir. 

!!«• wa» by buainpsa a surKron and 
•pmh^mry, and was bred to tlmt prpfr*. 
■on bj- Mr. North, of CbWava. When 



the breaking out of the Frenrh revolution 
inflamed the conceptions of many politv 
ciuns in old England, be took a lead in^ 
the debating societie»<, where bis eloqiicncsl 
and zeal made him a distinguished |ier- 
former. He was a member of the eel 
brated'* London Corresponding Society,' 
which at one time threatened the destrutu' 
tion of the must valuable institutions 
this country. He possessed great p<iwcr<] 
of declamation, and took ati active part i^] 
Westminster politics during (he neri 
when Sir Frnncis Burdett rendered him-! 
self so conspicuous. His connexion witk] 
the British Forum,where questions of ( 
most ticklish nature were openly dic' 
ensued, brought him into collision wi ' 
the House of Commons ; he was coni: 
mitted to Newgate, Feb. VI, 18IU, f< 
the publication of a scurrilous handbill 
and after two unsuccessful motions (or III' 
release made by Sir Ffiiiii:is Burdel 
(amended by .Mr. SheHdaiiland Sir S, 
llomilly, he was only lil>erHicd by t 
prorogation of Parliament on the ^Ist 
June, which was the same diiy that Si 
P^rancis Burdett by thesamccircucDStani 
was released from the Tower. 

In Is I II was published " A Warning 
the Frequenters of Debating Societies 
being a History of the Hise and Progri 
of those Societies, with a Kejiort of t 
Trial and (/onviction of John Gale Jon< 
the Manager of the British Forum." 

The following ar** the titles of Mft 
Jones's publications: — Sketch of a Spce< 
at the Westminster Forum, nW. 
Political Tour through Kent for the piif, 
pose of promoting the cause of Parii: 
mcntary Reform, 1796. An Oration 
the character of Washington, 171)7. Ob- 
servaiiuns on the Tussis Convulsiva, or 
Hooping Cough, 17«t<. Invofwtion Ci»i 
EilwHid Quin, esq. Ih04. Five Letti 
to the Right Hon. G. Tierncy, 1800. 

A satirical poem, with notes, on t 
raenib^rt of the Society of the Ecccntri 



I" 



ut thirty ye«r.< a^o. gave con 
[ice ut the time to the 



His style ' 
vatirig. ills 
word-s ut will 



and 



' was very caut 

^(iihI, ami III) liiM 

it, H* Air, Fox sail! 



a cch'i! «[if-rfh ought never I" ri-nd 



111- were ki1|i. >t. 

•J> I -.IS, the reii 

.v»f> iM 1, .,, ihcrn. 'I 
wim tickled by a concai 

...... ..I-, U\- l.,l!,v,. .,, 



tjllLl Ul tin: 

lime Mr. IIji' 

otlM>r» were (inn imn. 

H« hmi long ivsidk'd at Sompn T« 



1838.] 



Obituabt. — Dr. Watson. — Mr. Jamea Broad. 



219 



mA for manjr jcnra bad taken no part in 
politiea. In private life Mr. Gale Jones 
H described as cbecrful, amiable, and un> 
■Mnming ; inatructire in his conversation, 
aadioiar, and a gentleman. 

Db. Watson. 

Fit. 18. At New Yoric. aged 72, James 
Watson, wbo in 1817 was tried for High 
Treaaoo, together with Tbistlewood, 
Preston, and Hooper. 

The features of the conspiracy with 
wfcicb ther were charged will be found 
fsSij detailed in the Gentleman's Maga- 
sin^ Old Series, vol. lxxvi. ii. 556, vol. 
LZXTU. i. 560, 625. It originated with 
si society calling themselves Spenceans, 
wbose otgects were an agrarian law and 
eqnd dinaion of property. The means 
by which this end was to be effected were 
toe arming of the discontented artisans 
of the metropolis, and the seizure of the 
Bank and the Tower. The assemblafces, 
as is well known, took place in Spa 
Fields, a site which shortly after became 
a part of this vast metropolis ; their 
operations proceeded no further than the 
tMmj of several gunsmiths' shops. 

Watson was a chemist and apothecary, 
and therefore called Doctor -. be resided 
in Hyde-street, Bloomsbury. His son 
was also one of the most violent and ac- 
tive confederates. The riots were brought 
to a crisis on the 2nd Dec. 181G ; on the 
evening of which day Dr. Watson was 
apprehended at Highgate, being sus. 
pected to be a footpad. His son effected 
his escape. The trial of the prisoners 
did not commence till the 9th of June, 
1817, when it was detei mined that the 
trial of Dr. Watson should take place 
first. His counsel were Mr. Wetherell 
and Seijeant Copley (since Sir Charles 
Wetberell and Lord Lyndhurst) ; and 
after the trial had lasted a whole week, 
he was acquitted, when the Attorney- 
genrral declined to proceed with the pro- 
secution of the other prisoners. Hooper 
died at the end of the same year in St. 
Thomas's Hospital, when Watson and 
his other associates attended his funeral 
(see Gent. Mag. lxxvii. ii.635). They 
continued their seditious meetings at in- 
tervals, wi|h the aid of their friend 
"orator Hunt," the late M.P. for Pres- 
ton, until the capture of Thistlewood, at 
the head of the Cato-street conspirators, 
in Feb. 1820, and his capital punishment 
in the following April, at length dis> 
solved the unholy alliance. 

Watson was not implicated on that 
ocearion, but ha shoitly after retired to 
America, where he endured man^ vicis- 
dtndes, living, at different times, m New 
Ozleaiu, Looinua, Mississippi, Ala> 



bama, Florida, Charleston, &c. His 
widow was at St. Louis, unaware of the 
death of her husband, who died in the 
New York Hospital, and was followed 
to the grave by a few friends on the 1 4th 
of February. His son, who was sus- 
pected of shooting Mr. Piatt, in Beck- 
with the gunsmith's shop on Snowhill, 
during the riots of 1816, died two years 
since. 



Ma James Broad. 

July II. In Drury-lane, aged 53; Mr. 
James Broad, furnishing coach-iron, 
monger, a member of the Numismatie 
Society, and a man of infinite taste as a 
collector of Greek and Roman coins. 

His knowledge on numismatic subjects 
was scarcely inferior to that of his friend 
the late Mr. Matthew Young ; whose loss 
to collectors, had it pleased Providence 
to spare Mr. Broad, would have been in a 
great measure supplied, could he have been 
prevailed upon to change his business 
from that of un ironmonger to a dealer in 
coins. As an amateur bis collection was 
venr extensive, both of coins and books ; 
and will shortly be submitted to public 
competition. It may be added, that the 
immense collection of coins of every de- 
scription, the Numismatic Library (one 
of the best in Europe), and the fine collec- 
tion of prints, formed bv the late Mr. 
Matthew Young, will also, during the 
next season, pass under the hiunmer of 
Mr. Leigh Sotheby. 

CLERGY DECEASED. 

Aged 42, the Rev. Robtrt Walker Ram. 
ford, B.D. Vicar of Bishopton, co. Dur- 
ham, to which he was presented in 1825 
by the Governors of Sherbum hospital, 
and a Minor Canon of Durham cathedral. 
Many admirable papers on Educational 
and Religious Statistics, which have ap- 
peared in the periodical press, were bis 
compositions. These and his Scriptural 
Dictionary (the result of patient toil, and 
of that rare steadiness of purpose which 
was his characteristic), have lightened the 
labours of thousands engaged in collecting 
information and giving instruction, who 
never knew to whose pen they were in- 
debted. 

Aged 52. the Rev. John Bayley, late 
Fellow and Tutor of Emanuel college, 
Cambridge. He was first a member of 
Trinity college, when he took the d^;ree 
of B.A. 1809 as fifth Wrangler, and, 
having been elected a Fellow of Emanuel, 
proceeded to the degree of M. A. in 1812. 

At Cockcrmouth, the Kev. John Benn, 
Ute AssisUnt Curate of St. Nicholas' 
chapel, Whitehaven. He was a natireof 
Bliadletown, near Whitehaven. ■ 



220 



Clergy Deceased. 



[Aug. 



Aged 73. the Rev. iViUiam Bi»»il, 
Vicnr of Whisscndine, Ruiliind$hire, and 
Reclor of Folkcsworlh, lJmninndoi>jhirc. 
He wiwof St. John's collpge, (7anibridge, 
B.A. 1786, M. A. 1791 ; wus instituted 
to the' latter living in lUO.S, and to the 
torroer in 1820. 

Aged b\^ the Rev. Rowland Blaynfy, 
for 43 yenrs ineuinbent of the donative 
chapel of Bircli, in Wanington, near 
Manchester. 

The Rev. Thoiuat Jffiucoine, VicHf of 
Newcastle, Rector ol Alichselston-le-Pitt, 
and Rector of Barry, all in Glamori^an- 
shire, fie was insltliited to JVlicliikeikton 
in 17BI, to fiurry in 1792, and to New. 
cnstle, on the preNentatioii of the Lord 
Cluncellor, in 179.5. 

The Rev. Jo/in (j'lutl/tvtia llandcnck. 
Rector of Annaduff, co. Leitrim ; nephuiv 
to Lord Viscount C-B&llemaine. He 
was the third son of Richard llandeork, 
imq. by Anne, dau. of Arthur French, of 
Freiicu Park, co. Roscommon, ts)|. ; and 
he married in 1827 France^- Flood, dau. 
of J. H. Jes»op, of Doory-hall, co. Long- 
ford, esq. and niece to Sir Fred. Flood, 
Bart. 

Aged 70, the Rev. Robert J/oMeman, 
for more than forty years Perpetual Cu- 
rate of St. Anne's, Lancnstcr, which 
chMpeirj' he resigned in IS;i7. 

The Rfv. D. John Janft, Curate of 
jMerthyr- Tydvil, Glamorgunsliire. 

The Rfv. Thornan Martin, late Vicar 
of Moorliy, Lincolnshire, to which he wan 
presented in 1798 by lir. Vernon, then 
. Bishop of Carlisle. 

The Rev. Thomai Meade, Rector of 
I'cmpletnna, eo. Cork. 

Aged 5;j, the Rev. Walter Poole, Vicar 
of Monlton, near Northampton, to which 
be was presented in 1830. 

At Bariislapli.', aged G7, the Rev. Out- 
iHjjAoruf S/ierri Saundert, M. A. formerly 
Curate of A&bford. 

At. i'ariii, the Rev. P'rancit Roach 
Sprufjge, late Vicar of Coinl)C St. Nicbo- 
lus, Somerset. He was formerly Fellow 
of Queen's college, Canibridije, whore he 
gruduaU-d B.A. IS08, as 13lh Wrangler, 
M.A. If^.ll, and watt presented to his 
living in 1 Bv'a by the lute Jii!>hop Ryder, 
0* t>e»ii of M'ells. 

'I'hc Rev. Joifph Stnrk, Fellow of 
T. " v*e, Dublin, ;. - " : .n much 

(I I for h\s as a 

LsH-i li highly respt. ..V. .^. i.i.s qua- 
lities lu tt man. 
Aged '^J, the Kcv. Thomat Taogarl, 
M.A. CuiHtv of Dundonsld, co. Down, 
inland. 
The Rev. niUiam TrfrntRherf, fur VG 
yruu \1cu[ of Mudron with Murvul| 
Cvriiwall. 



March IC. At Hoby, Leiceatcrfthire, 
aged 78, the Rev. Hettrfi Brvtene, for 
^i years Rector of that place, and alto I 
Rector of Aylestone. lie was the fourth] 
mentbcr of his family who had in &ucce»-| 
sion held the rectory of Hohy, from the] 
year 1722 (sec Nichols's History of Lei-j 
cestersbire, vol. iii. p. 21)7), and succeeded j 
in 1784 his uncle the Rev. llenry Browne,] 
on his own petition. In 18:^ he watl 
presented to the rectory of Aylestona 
(worth more than 800/. a )Tttr) by tbc 
Duke or Rutland. 

April Ik At Townhead, aged 80, ih*] 
Rev. //enry U'igletvorth, for 6C y«r 
Rector of Siaidbian, Yorkshire, to whiel 
he Avas colluted in 1782, on his own p«ti< 
tiun. He was of Sidney college, (.^am- 
bridge, B.A. 1781,0* 9th Senior OptimeJ 
M.A. 1781. 

April IJ. Aged 29, the Rev. DaM 
Richardt, Vicar of Aberuvonand Baglarig^ 
Glamorganshire. He was the eldest ton 
of the late Mr. John Richards, of McrJI 
thyr Tydvil ; who presented biin to his| 
living in 18!J2. 

April 18, At Rottingdenn, Sumok 
aged 75, the Rev. Thou. Redman Huaktf^ 
D. 1). Vicar ot tlmt pfiri*h. He »(a> boru| 
in London, the son of Thonius llooker,|j 
esq.; entered at Oiicl college, Oxford^ 
17(50 : graduated B. A . 1 71*1. M. A . I ■; 
B. and D.D. 181(1; nnd was presented t<i 
Rottiiigdean in 1792. 

Aged (A, the Rev. Peter lnet,hali\ 
LL.U. of Adwick-hall, near Dofieo8>tcr. f 

At his fnther*s residence, ('a&telhnuwr|] 
in the parish of Trclech, aged 31, th« 
Rev. David Jamet, Curate of Wenve 
and Merthyr-dovBii, (tlamorganAbire. 

At Newton Valence, Ilunt<', in hi»8t)lll 
year, the Rev. Edmund IVAitf, Vica 
of that pnri^h, with Kuwkley. He wall 
matiictilatcd of t)riel college, Oifor 
in 1782; graduated B.A. I78G, M.A^ 
1789 i and was instituted to his li>infi il 
1 79.'} on his own peliiton. 

April 19. At Bridgwater, the Re/J 
John ])a*cr«, formerly Master of tin 
Cratnmar School in that town. 

April 2(1. Aged 78, the R«>v. Johi 
Knipe, for fifty • three yenrs I'erni'iualCti^ 
rateof Middtefon, Wesimorland, to whlc 
he was prtsenied in 178j by the View* 
Kirktiy Lonsdale, 

April 22. The Rev, Iiaar Kilch* , 
Rector of St. Stephen's. Ijuwich, to wbic^ 
he was instituted iti 18,1;}. 

April 23. At BiiiKlield, co. C^vm] 
Ireland. i« bis 50th year, tbc Rev. Jmc^ 
Story, Rector of Cnran. 

Afinl-i't. Aged .W, the Rev. ry^r 
r,, r ■ 
il 



\:vJ , <v.f 



18380 



fferpy 






noMvcil to Emknori college, Cambridgic, 
nhr- > • ••'"'■■ * «« A K.<i MA. 

ISi am, 

^firW :^. Acv'idi-niaily liruwiicd in 
the C3inal nhich y>^«*4?> llirouijh hi* parisb, 
wbco pn- Kev. 

C««bri>if...-<>'. c of 

the bandrvd *-; » justice 

of the peace t(< t J^orlolk 

uid Lincoln, uid liie I»te ui L'ly. Ue 
w»i of Corpus Cbristi colI?gp, Carobridgc, 
B.A. 1799; was collated to Outuell in 
1803 by Ur. Yorke, then Bishop of Ely. 
A/dy 1. Aged 94, the Rev. Fi-anci* 
Bamt*^ D.D. for titty vwir* Ma«ter ol 
St. Peter's college, Cambridge. He wns 
eduoUed at Eton ; wus thence elected 
to King's colle<t;v, Cninbridgc, in I7<>3; 
proceeded to the df^rccs of B.A. 1768, 
M.A. 1771, B.n. \l^l, und wns some 
ij^,.. I ,,r,.t.. (,f Wattishnin, one of the 
(. . cs in Suffolk. In 17aU lie 

H:. "t the I'niversity. and in 

I71jj;i bv UU8 (fleeted Muisterof Peter, 
houte. The senerable gentleman also 
held the ProfcMorsbip of Cusiiistry, to 
which be wns elected in )8l3. Dr. 
Barnes vm an clcpint scholnr, and wus 
endrared to all who knew htm, by the 
cheerfulness of his disposition, the easy 
urbanity of his manners, and bis ready 
kindness to all, of whatever rank and 
r, who could bencAt by his a^Mst- 



Uay 5. At Slelcotnbe Bingbam, Dor- 
aet, aged b-i, the Kev. (ieonje Biiigkum,^ 
son of the Rev. ^^'illillm liinghuui, of 
C^ely, Soinerset, and grandson of ibc 
late Col. Archibald Bingham. 

Nay 6. At Derby, aged 7^, the Rev. 
Thvimu ConttMiraite, late Vicnr of Crich, 
Derbyshire, to which he was presented 
in 18(JI by Sir Wra. Dixie, Bart. 

Maj/ 7. At Hereford, a^d 77. the 
Rev. JoAn Clullon, D.D. a Canon Hesi- 
dentiary of that Calhcdml, for bity-tour 
years Rector of Kinner^Iey, and Vicur of 
Lugwardine -, and a very active and uic- 
fiil f!v"'-"-ift<. He VV.1S a son of Henry 
( of UinningbaU) ; was nia> 

til I St. JolinV collcKc Oxford, 

in 177!>, graduated B..A. I7H2, M.A. 

11789. B.D. leoy, D.D. 1810; wa* pre- 
sented to Kinnersley in 1784 by Mrs. 
M. C. Clarke, and to Lugwaitline in 
1831 by the Dean and C:hapter of Here- 
ford. Hi» b(Mjy was interred on the 
Idlh May in (he family vault at Kin- 
nenlvy. 
At Eaton Oisbop, Uerefordnbire, aged 
3^ the Rev. //eary St<mfiou»c Viyor, 
IlectuT of that puriili, and Prebendary 
i;f LcdbuT)'. lie uub the vlde»t son g( 




I 



the late Rev. Timothy Stonhouse Vigor, 
(son of the late Sir James Stonhouse, 
Bart.) ; and wa* preat.nepiiew to ibe 
Lite Dr. Huniingford, Bishop of Here- 
lord, by wbotn he was collated to tbe 
rectory of Knlun Bisbop in IKA). He 
married a daughter of J. Taylor Gor« 
don, M.D. Lite of Clifton. 

Hay lO. The Hcv. Jotfjth Fayrtr, 
Vicar of St, Telhe, Cornwall. He was 
u son of the late JoM-pb Fayrer, esq. of 
Harmony Hill, Milnthorp. He was of 
Clare-hall, Cambridge, B.A. 18D0, as 
second Senior (Ipiime, M, .A. 1817; and 
was collated to his living in 1830 by Dr. 
Carey, then Bp. of Exeter. 

May 13. At Brisley, Norfolk, aged 
(>7, the Rev. John Mavl, Prebendary of 
Lincoln, Rector of Brisley, and Vicar of 
Galeley, Norfolk. He was formerly a 
Fellow of Christ's college, rambridge, 
where be gntduated ii.A. 17113 as lUlb 
Wrangler, M.A. 1797; and he was pre- 
sented to bis united livings by that So- 
ciety in 1814'. 

May 17. At Colne, Lancashire, aged 
71, the Rev. William Hi/*iiMon, formerly 
for many years Cnrutc of that chapelry, 
which be was obliged to resign about 
thiitv years ago, on account of the losa 
of his sight. 

.t/(?y Tl\. At Guildford, the Rev, 
Henry Purr Beloe, Rector of St. MaryV, 
in that town. He was tbe youngest son 
of the lale Rev. W. Beloe, the well- 
known " Sexiigennrian," who died in 1817, 
and of whom a memoir and clmrHcler are 
given in Gent, Mag. old Scries, vol, 
LXXAVii. i. 371, ii. tkj. Mr. Bcloc re- 
ceived (he name of Parr, from tbe learned 
Doctor, who bad been his father's school- 
master, imd was then his intimate friend. 
Mr. ii. was of Corpus Chris(i college, 
Cambridge, B.A. 181^; and was presented 
to bis living iu 1824 by Lord C haiicellor 
Eldon. 

May 22. At Portlock, Somersetshire, 
aged W, the Rev. Anthony J ant ft Clarke, 
Rector of that |>arish. He was tbo 
youngest i>oa of (he la(e NatbunielGood- 
ing Clarke, esq. barri^ter-at-iuw, of (ho 
Midland circuit, and brother to Natb. 
Richard Clarke, esq. now Recorder of 
Lincoln. He was of Christ's college, 
Cuinbridgr, B.A. 1614, M.A. 1817; waa 
formerly Alinister of St. Peter's church, 
Biriniiighuin; and was presented to Port- 
lock in 18.'il by (be Lord Chancellor. 

May -2G. At Tor, l>evoushire, aged 
3i!, the Kev. J. T. Kilson. 

May ^. At Balh, in his Blltb year» 

the Rev. Gforgr ifealty Btldwiu, LL.D. 

Rector of liu'hcgeela und St. Paul's, Cork. 

June 1. At Lamlionic Place, Berk*. 

tbe il«Vf Utnry Uiiijutlty, laic I'VUosf 



4 



I 



k 



222 



of All SouU' college, Oxtonl. He wm 
the ioii of the Rev. Mr. Hippeslcy, for- 
merly Rector of Stow in the Wold, (ilou- 
cestershirc. He took the degree of M, A , 
ml Oxford in [W'J. He married the dau. 
of Mr, Ravvlinson, of Chedliiigtoii, co. 
Oxford J and some time &tnce iiurcceded 
to a cousiderahlc |)ropcrty at liniiibortic. 

June 1. Ill the Clo«e, Lielitk'ld, aired 
76, the Rev. John Sruling, t^anon Re- 
sidentiary of thHt culhednil, Rector ot 
Uitcfaiiighani, Norfolk, and Chaiilain to 
Viscount Sydney. This excellent and 
aocomplithed man was formerly a Fellow 
of St. John's college. Cambridge, where 
be graduated B.A. 1785, m 12th Senior 
Optime, M.A. 17W*. B.D. 1797; was 
presented to the rectory of Ditchingbam 
in 180S by the Duke of Norfolk on the 
nomination of St. JoIhi'm college ; and to 
hit ranonry at Lichfield in lbt)7, 

June 2. At Drayton Beaurliamp, 
Buck», uffed 42, the Rev. Charlei Samuel 
Woodil, Rector of that narish. He was 
the eldest son of the late Rev. Uoail 
Woodd, and was presented to his living 
in 1831 by Mrs. S. Manners. 

ytine 4. In London, a^ed 44, the Rev. 
Jokn .indprton, late of L)im6<]Ble, Staf- 
fordshire. He WB8 the fourth son of the 
late William Anderlon, esq. of Moeelcy 
Wake lireen ; was matriculated of Wad- 
Lam college, Oxford, in 1807 ; and gn- 
doated B.A. 1810. M.A. 1813. 

Aged B7, the Rev. Thomai h Beckett 
IVrwr, for fifty-six ycum Perpetual 
Curate of Wootlon L'ndenvood, Bucks, 
Chaplain to the Duke of Bucking, 
ham, and the oldest magistrate of that 
county, lie was the tson of Thomas & 
Beckett, esq. of West Lavington, Wilts, 
and assumed the name of Turner ; ivaa 
matriculated at Brazenose college, Ox- 
ford, in I7ti8; graduated B.A. 177*, 
M.A. 1778 ; and was presented to Woot- 
ton by the late JMar(]uess of Buckingham 
in 178*. Mr. Turner performwl the 
duties of his church until ^vithin three 
years of his death, and wuh much beloved 
and respected by all his )>arisbioners. 
Thi- '•■•■■- ■ 1. 1' very little N-olue, not more 
thii iinnum. The IVIttr<|uis of 

C) 'led W\* funeral, nnd it ia 

underKiiiuil chat tlie I^uke, his futhLX, hus 
expressed his intonrion to erect a monu- 
nent to the i i the decca*ed. 

Mr. Turner il: h in estates and 

per*----' ■ ; ■• • '■■ :ithed 

•od, 

;>l A 

■ter, 

bury, torujcii) \ lo.i u! .S{, Llelen'a, 
"on. 
0. Ill bia ?>'- •— "-' H«y. 



Clergy Deceased. 



[Aug. 




William Homer, Vicar of Wolfliamcote, 
Warwickshire, und Second Master of the 
Free (jruinmar School at Ureat Apple- 
by, Leicestershire. He was formerly of 
Christ's college, Cambridge, where he 
graduated B.A. 1789 as 17th Senior Op- 
time, M.A. 1703. 

At his father's house in Nottingham, 
aged 34, the Rev. ThomoM y^iron, 
Viear of Great Dalby, Lcicetitershire. 
He entered as a Commoner of Lincoln 
i*ollege, Oxford, in 1823, graduated B.A. 
1827, M.A. 18jJ9, and was presented to 
his living by Sir Fnincis Burdett, Bart. 
on the resignation of the Rev. Charles 
Nixon, 

Jun« 9. The Rev. Thomat Ihfvm*, 
Vicar of Lydden, Kent. He wb» of 
Corpus Christi college, Cambridge, B.A. 
17(M as 3d Junior Oplime; and ivas col- 
lated to bis living by the Abp. of C-mnter- 
hury in 1814. 

In Woburn-place, Russell -square, in 
his 80th year, the Rev. Francis Etlit, 
Rector of Rockland St. Mary, Norfolk. 
He was formerly Fellow of Quet-n's col- 
lege, Cambridge, where he gniduated B.A. 
1785 as llih Wrangler. ALA. 17K8. B.D. 
1796, nnd wiis prcAcntcd to his living by 
that Society in 1818. 

At Reu»clieath, Cheshire, the Rev. 
Henry Tumkituon, V'icnr of Acton and 
Itector of DHvcnham in that county. He 
was the ."M sun of Henry Tomkinson, of 
Dorfuld, esq. by Anne, dau. and heiress 
of John Darlington, of A.i^ton, esq. ; w«* 
of Trinity hall, Camb. LL.B. 182?, was 
presented to Acton in 18*) by Adm. Tol- 
Jemache, and to Davenharo (where he suc- 
ceeded his uncle the Rev. Jamef Tom- 
kin^on) in 16^. 

June 10. At Osmotherley, near North - 
ullerton, nged 74, the Rev. Jamei Br9vn, 
Vicar of thnt piir»f>b, to which he wu* 
collated tu IHUS by Dr. Van Mildert, 
then Bishop of Durham, By the late 
transfer of Northallerton and Atlerton- 
shire from the dioeew of Durham, the 
Bishop of Ripon has now become the 
patron of this living. 

7f/ne 12. AtH -^ ■- -■• M..-"'„r). 
the Rev. Benjr. of 

Nonhleigh, 0\, itial 

Cnrute of Appledrum, Su»»e». He was 
of Queens college, Oxford. M.A. 1801 ( 
wa» presented to Northleigh in 1810 by 
Lord Chancellor Eldoii, unJ to Apjtle- 
dnim in l82tJ by the Dean and Chapter 
of Chichester. 

J*me 15. A;r«l U, the K.v. TTimam 
f/ed, VintTot I ire. 

He wTif of ,lf '','ei 



ike 



VI i^V"»-«aut'. 



CUrgy DeceasedT 



Jimt \9. At f"':''"vn njyed flP, the 
R«T. Mark A'u/ twenty-five 

TMiri Prr«id<'nt ■■ um coIIprp, 

iDAriMdocs. Hcw-as (lie son of Air. John 
NlchoUon. «f Bolton in W«tni<:rlund ; 
« i'lteil of Queen'* college, Ox- 

I. 1, ond graduated Q. A. 1705, 

M . 

June 17. In Monti n<f ton - Crescent, 
Mm p^TiHiI Road, Bgpd 48. the Rev. 
r /jy, MiniKter of Percy Cha- 

I lam Court Road. He was 

of I -Mi>.a!iti> hall, Cambridge, B.A.IS??, 
M.A. IK... 

Jun& 22. At LlewMOg, near Dcnbipb, 
Ibe H*v. Pre<ieticik Griffith, Rector uf 
LUnKV, CO. Merioneth. He entered n« 

Comitioiier of Jcfus college, O-tford, in 

lb, and took the deurce of B.A. in 
1; bt tto llntrd to his livinc 

imr»iSi. ..... — I'-hp, po. WcK- 

ford, iifji-d 74 , tliv 'i MUUr. 

y»/i«- i4. At I iionr Porti- 

moiitb, itgL'd 7(», tlii; lifv. /l. //. Cumi/H», 
for fiiHjiv v>-ars s ri'sident in Poft»ea, und 
i! .lied minister of Saint 

t ifterwardK curate of St. 

.'.i . ,,L,.. uiid latterly, from ItttH, 

lit" v:i ^.nurj' Chspel, Landport. Seve> 
ml -cT'ii- riu'n of the towni and neighbour, 
hfxxi, who weie bis scbotan wben be 
kept ih»» rjTqmmar School in St. George's 
.■^ : Kid reniain'* to the grave, 

! a tablet to bismeinor>' 
li i|ipl. 

•K), the Rev. A. Itmlrm, 
!■ : petuiil Curate of Nor- 

wucjil, iWidiilL-six, und lor the tiiinc period 
V'imr of (»n(rtc)l>oroiiv;h, Bucks. 
July '6. The Rev.'j^oAn BithOy, Mi- 
(.^•non nnd Prerentor of <jioure«tcr, 
Viciir of St. Mnry de Lode in that 
ile WM ■ native of Gloucester ; 
Dfttricutated of St. John's collejfc, 
Oxford, in ISO.'}, then removed to Pem- 
bmke •'oll^re, und 'ook the degree of 
I; il to bit. Pe- 

I M/fe he gra- 

4l. ,-•••,, u^ ^' M ,, Miiior Opltnie, 

He wiis presented Co the 
1 Miifv-(1.'.I»de, by the Deiin 
*terin)8'28. By 
iniin the Chapter 

-: , Msrinl i..hl jntcl- 

,.,.| II,.- >ci( :■ ;. of the 

' ' .iiiiuililc nnd 



in^cnnuii^ ' 

.lull, I . 



lion. 

..Ill Penzance 

lu ntieticl H Cliureh Mi<<*ion- 

»h«? Mvv Cfmrlpt \frt, for- 

■ ' I lie Ca- 

Hl- 

.....,,......,„. IK 1,'ceived 

■ concusiiiun of the bruin, and expired in 



n few bouire. He hiu left a widow atij 
one son, 

Julj/ 5. At Southoe, Huntingdon*] 
shire, pged 7^1 the Rev. Roliert PointH\] 
Reetor of Southoe w-ith Hail Wesnoir.f 
K- . " .Nworth, Cambridgeshire, anJ 

of Lincoln, He was 

Sii.... . ....,vf:e, Cnmbririge, B.A. I783,J 

M.A. 17b7, He wan in»tituted to Box- 
wonb in 1791, to Southoe (in his ownl 
patronage) in 1797, and to the Prebend] 
of Welton Westhall, in the cathedral J 
church of Lincoln, in 1803. 

July S. At Bwckley, n^ed 43, lb 
Rev. Antelm Jonet, Vicar of Stockton onr| 
the Forest, Vorkshire. He »vii* of Trirt. 
coll. Camb. B.A. IH18. M.A. 1821 
and was presented to hi» living in It 
by the Rev. T. B. Woodman, Prebendaryl 
of Biigthon>c in the cKthedtal chliroh of' 
York. 

At Wellinp, Kent, the Rfv. 8t». 
pht}i Tiicktr. Vienr of Borden in tb 
county, and Rector of Markiihall, Ba 
He was of Trinity college, Camb. B. A.I 
17H5, us iSih Junior Optinie, M.A.I 7S6;' 
WM preaented to Borden in MVfl, and to 
Marktball in 1800. 

July f). At Newbury, Berks, the Rev. 
James Hue, Rector of that parish, and 
for more than fifty years Perpetual Cu- 
wte of Dorchester, Oxfordshire. Ho ' 
of Brnzenose college, M.A. 1703; 
instituted to Dorchester in 1787. 

Jul)/ \'2. Aged 70, the Rev. Jamt 
SaHMdcm, D. t'.L. Rector of Kirtlingtuq 
Oxfordohire. He wos formerly Felloir] 
of St. John's college, Oxford ; where 
graduated B.C.L. 179C, D.C.L. 1800 1 
and was preieoted to his linng by that 
college in 1810. 

Jiili/ ]j. At Huxham parsonage, De> 
vonshire (the residence of bis »on-in-law 
the Rev. J. Jolland), aged 71, the Rev. 
Bttrihulnmew (Jnt, Vicnr of Boston, Lin. 
coliishire. He was of Catharine liallj^ 
Camb. B. A. ITOOh* 13lb Junior Optim«^ 
M.A. 18^'2; und was presented to BoBta 
in 1817 by the corporaliun of that towi 
By the death of Ihi- •-■•■•'f tfinri, the pr»>1 
tcntation tu the vn >ston lapi 

to the Bishop of t . . the town.' 

council not having been enabled to aoll 
the living, owing to the ditliculty of afic«r- 
taining its actuHl value. A ntemorial ' 
favour of the Rev. M. Robinson, sx^nt 
by upwards of 300 personn in two dayi^i 
has been forwarded to the Hi.ihop. I'la 
vicarage itself ix of trifling value, but ili 
corporutiun usually uppointed tlic Vici 
for the time bcinj; to be one of the I'rei 
byters who are endowed by i>' 
and whu«e hti|iL'rii|p< are |>ai<i 
charity lands, thuo adding i<|>,). 
200/. B-ycar to llic income ot the irurar 



mm 



bent. Now, however, tbe corporation 
und tbe charity trustees nre distinct 
bodies ; tbe Bishop, so far as tbe presentR- 
tion to the Living is concerned, i^titnding 
in tbe place of the former, and the trus- 
tees retaining tbe right to appoint who- 
ever thoy may please (whether Vicnr or 
not) to the office of Presbyter or Lecturer. 

July 17. Aged 75, the Rev. Jo An Ofer- 
ton, Ivector of St. Crux and St. Margsiret 
in the eity of York. He was of Msgda. 
len coH. Camb. B. A. 1790, M. A. 1803; 
nnd was presented to both his livings in 
York in 1802 by the Lord Chancellor. 

July Tti. At Brighton, the Ilcv. Robert 
Colleit, of Westerbam, Kent. He vm 
of Trinity coll. Comb. D.A. 1803, u -kh 
Senior Optime, M.A. 1«06. 

Jul;/ 2a. At Seal, Kent, aged 7'K the 
Rev. Gemot Whitehead^ Vicnr of Kem- 
sing-eum-Seal, and Vicnr of Alt Saints, 
Cambridge. He was formerly Fellow of 
Jesus coll. Camb. where he graduated 
B.A. 17HJ, as 1 1th Senior Optime, nnd 
ad Chancellor's medallist, M.A, 1788; he 
was presented to his church in C^ambridgc 
in IHlWby his college, nnd to that in Kent 
in IBHi by the Earl of Plymouth. He 
was Chaplain in ordinary to tbe Intc 
Duchess of Dorset. 

Lately. At Oldbam, oged 02, the Rot, 
William Winter, for forty years Mini.^ter 
of St. Peter's chapel, Oldham, for twenty- 
seven of St. John's, Hey, A»hton-under- 
Line, und nineteen yeurs Master of the 
gmmmar school at Oldham . Tbe chapels 
It that town arc in the presentatioa of tbe 

fRectot of Prestwich. 
March 26. Aged 20, M. S. Milton, 
e8«|. author of " The Ocean Bride," 
" The Songs of the Prophecies," fltc. 
^on of John Milton, esq. of Highmour 
Cottage, near Wigton. 
Afuti 13. In fMarges. street, Piccadilly. 
I after a long and severe iilnets, borne 

with cxemplnry patience and resignation, 
j ngeH 7(1, Zncbary Maeauley, esq. F. R.S. 

1^ &c. For more than forty years the de- 
^H cea«ed dedicated his eminent talents and 
^^ active encfRirs, in conju;; •' Mi tbe 

late .Mr. UiJberforce, SI- . Mf. 

Buxton, and other distu:;^ , bilan- 

thropistR, in tbt ipiesrionot .s|» very Abo. 
bUon, and, like .Mr. Wiiberforre, lived to 
sec hiK efforts crowned with succcin. He 
wan father to Mr, Thomuv. Uabingttm 

t31feCH«i)ey, esq. late one ol tbe Supreme 
Council u( India. 
M«y -iX. At his bouse in Lowrr 
Clapton, aged %, Williuii Clark Boyd, 



DEATHS. 

LOKDOK AND ITS VICIXITY. 



esq. whose deeply regretted and sudden 
death was occasioned by locked-jaw, from 
the injuries received in a full from his 
horse. 

May S2. Aged 38, Joseph Foster 
Burhnm, esq. of Queen Ann-st. Stock- 
bridge-house, Hants, and Tricwm, Pern- 
brokeshire; son of tbe late J. F. Bar- 
ham, esq. M. P. for Stockbridge, and 
Lady Caroline Tufton, sister to the pre- 
sent Earl of Tlianet. In l83"<i he unsuc- 
eessfully contested tbe representation of 
Westuierland with the Lowtbers. 

May 30. At Walworth, Francis Tal- 
bot, esq. eldest son of the late Captain 
George Talbot, R.N. It is stated that 
he was descended, in n direct line, from 
tbe Duke of Shrewsbury ; if so, of course 
his descent was iilegitiuiate. 

Juuf 2. In Bethtchom hospital, Jona- 
than Alartin, tbe man who set fire to 
York aiinster, on the 2d Feb. 1829. 
His death was sudden, caused by a disease 
of tbe heart. For the last two or three 
years he had been very quiet in bis de- 
meanour, and spent a great portion of his 
time in reading Fox'a Book of Martyrs, 
to which be was particuhirly partial. He 
was a native of Hexham, and brother to 
John Martin, so deservedly celebrated 
for his magnificent pictorial creations. 
Jonathan was between 50 and 60 years of 
age. 

June II. In Sidmouth-st. Regent-sq, 
aged iiX', W. Sbilleto, esq. of Jamaica. 

June 12. At the Old Hummums, Co- 
vent Garden, from apoplexy, Richard 
Pering, esq. of Exmoutb, formerly Clerk 
of tbe Cheque at Sbcerness and Ply. 
mouth, an active magistrate of the coun- 
ty of Devon. He possessed considerable 
literary and scientitie acquirements and 
obtained scverul patents for valuable in- 
%-eniions, purticularly that of the improved 
anchor known by bis name, ivhich is used 
in every ship in her Majesty's Navy, and 
has been the meuiis of saving many thou- 
snnds of lives, and property to an immense 
extent. He was a gentletnun of high 
honour nnd inlegrily, and universally es. 
teemed. 

June 1.1. In SI(Mn«.flt. Martha, relict 
of S. Ty«sen, e«q. of Narborough*h«ll, 
Norfolk. 

June \l. At St. Gcor ' " ihal, 
nge«l C>h, I'ol, Michurl I up. 

Inrll, who was found wonii_i!. ..ii'd- 

ing, five day* before, near the Knights. 
bridge-l»«mit'k)r. There was no doubt 
that the <! xl, under the influ* 

cnce of w lown where he wtu 

found, Mini tiiiii me fall had produeed 
roncu«tiion of ihe bruin. 

June \!t. At W.ilworili ]..?. ii K-< <• 



PirrriiiT. 



I., of m. 



I 



I 

I 
I 



r 

In (Jmveii-sc. ugLtl jb, WUluim Frezcr 
Price, esq. lumv ip»»nf. 

^■M» J6. -^ter.pl. W. Mor- 

tiffler, enq, rl<: -la* laic O. Mor- 

timer, es<|. ut I .....i.,j„. 

j^ged H6, Alary, relict of John Orif- 
iitll, t»q, of Teddington. 

Jmut 17. At York-tcrracf, Rcffent's- 
parir, agerf C5, Janies Rix flotTrnflnn, esq. 
^June 18. j\ttbe Portland Hotel, aged 
David Clark, e*q. Intc of Calcutta. 

AlClapham, aped 37, Mr. Som. Rixon, 
la/» of Cock«.|)ur-st. 

Jtae ifO. At Panon's Green, aged 25, 
Ji^n, onlj son of Jobn Daniel, esq. Hi; 
MtvNd as Commoner of llhrist Church, 
Oil' ■ 1H31, and proceeded B.A. 

G; oiinder, June 6, 1835; at 

thi ions, in Easter Term in 

th : vas placed in the 3d Class 

in ' irribus. 

Jmne i3- At Kensingrton, aged 36, 
ThocMS Hard nick JMerrimaii, ciq. of 
Souihanntoii-st. Bloom«bury. 

AgtA W, J. Greenwood, esq, of Ln- 
yn^^.. y.u rjapham. 

' I Houw-terracc, aged 73, 

ilk' tion. Georgiana Churlotte 

dewgar Marchioness Cholmondeley, 
ioinC Hereditary Great Cbamlierluiri of 
Bpffttli. Her ladyabip was the younger 
thl^htfr and cvetituallv co-heir of Perr- 
grin* third Duke of Ancaster, by Mary, 
dau. uf Thomas Panton, esq, ; was mar- 
ried in 17fll to George -Jaines tir*t Mar- 
quew Cbolmofideley, and left hia widoiv 
in I6B7, having bod insue the present 
llafnuess, Iford William Henry Chol- 
mondeiey, and one daughter, now de- 
caaavd, who was married to Col. Hugh 
Seymour, in right of her hidysbip, her 
husband, in the rci^ti of (>eorge the 
Third, and her son m that of William 
the FoiiTTh, hpld the oftice of Deputy 
L<ir.; id of England. 

IJ'- . y a Lady of the 

Bt-iii 1 iiiuM 1 ■"' nil- 1 iiiicess of Wales, 
to which (ilEcc, and the .Mur(|ucsa (then 
Earl) to that of Chambeiiutn of the 
Household to the Prinee, they were 
appointed on their Royal HigbnesKe^' 
uwrriagc in 1795. (See u memoir of the 
Biarquets in Gent. Alag. vol. Lxxxvu. 

Jumf 25. Aged .'U, Mananne, wife of 
Dr. Roberts, of New Bridgc-st. dau. of 
Mr. Pindar Simpson, of Old Burling- 
tOH'.stre^t. 

lr> til' 1 lapt. 

GUo. R : his 

fint COtDniiuKin in M'n>, ,imu k.'M It leg 

Okmt. Mao. Vwu X. 



whilst serving as serond Lieut, of the 
Thames .5?, in an action with the Uranie, 
Oct. !f't, 1793. He was promoted to the 
rank of Commander in 179^ and in i79<> 
obtained u pension of 01/. 5#,, increased 
in 181fi to 2*10/. 

In GlouceMer-pl. Juliana, dnu. of tb« 
lute John Thresher, esq. of Farebam. 

At Higliliury-terrace, in his 8Sfd year, 
Banister Flight, eaq. 

June id. A t HoUoway, agvd 8U, Wil - 
Ham Lungham, esq. for many years a 
respectable solicitor in Bartlett's-build- 
ittgs, Holborii. 

Ill Burton. St, Alargnret, relict of Wal- 
ter Trevelyuri, esq. of Nethcrwitton, Nor- 
thumbcrland, and dau. of the late Rich. 
Hichens, esq. of Poltnir, Cornwall. 

In Devonshire-st. Charlotte, wife of 
Sir Molyiieiix Hyde Nepcan, Bort. of 
Loders, Dorset. Her nmideii name waa 
Tilghmaii, and she was married in 1813. 
Also on the \6th July, at Eartharn in 
Sussex, aged 22, Charlotte, their eldest 
daughter. 

At Hyde-pcrk-terrare, vied 7, Oeoise- 
Harpur, second son of Sir O. Crewp> 
Bart, M.P. 

In 8avillc-row, aged 86, Lieiit.-Col. 
William Allen. 

June 21. At Bayawater, aoed '18, the 
relict of Major Blewitt, of Llantarntm 
Abb«y, Monmouthshire, 

June 28. At Kensington, John Fisber, 
esq. of Dorset-sq. 

At the house of her son-in-law Wil- 
liam Kew, esq. in the \V'nndsworth-road, 
aged «7, Sarah, relict of Edward Hodges, 
esq. of Clapham Cottage. 

June 29. On the day after the Coro- 
nation, after riding that day in ibe pro- 
cession, in his Olid yeiir, Mr. William 
Lee, High Ckinslable of Westminster. 
He had for many years fuUillc-d his ar- 
duous public duties with a zcul and in. 
tegrity which must be known to all wbo 
bave hud occasion to attend either the 
bouses of Parliament or miblic meetings 
in Westminster. Before he became High 
Constable he carried on business at Char- 
ing