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V 



\ 



Hiftoteal Chronicle. 

For the YEAR MDCCXCIII. ' 
Volume LXIII. 

FART THE SECOND. 



By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gm. 



L IJ n n N, .PrioJed by JOHN NICHOLS, 

at C.«-A «W, Ht'f Lhn Pu^hgt, Fleit-Strttt : 

And fold by KLI Z. N K WJiERY, th: Corner of Si. tmtt 

Cturii^ rarJ, iiu/{ali-Strttt, 1793. 



The humhii VzTir To^ eft^'BurrvK ' 
Jacobins t» tbtir Brethren of FraNCF*. 

WHILE to you we true children of 
Liberty pray, 
Great Tag, Ra^ ^nd BobCli), attend ; 
.Who with heaih «i yoor pikes {fi faCetioufly 

Mirth an J murder fo mernly Wend ! 

O ye boaOs of proud France, ye bright lights 
of ihe earth, 

Who, in finephilofophicnl fpeeclies^ 
frrove th.e only criterioi^ of vii tue and worth 

Ccnfifls in the barenels of breeches ! 

Brother jAcobins, liften ; and. if you cm ccafe 

To gaie on your glorioi $ Convention, 
Where the point of llie dagger beits propa- 
gates peace, 

Where concord grows out of content ioor^ 

t». . • ■ . _ _ ^ ■■ 

aft a giahcc of coin pnlTion on firitoiis j u ho 
By old fuiH;rftitions onpreft ; [lie 

For, ah ! {till like the night-mare, an ii;cul<us 
Sits Monaichy fqnat on our breail I [fly, 

' Come» come* at our call ; nor Uius let us bc- 
Siy;h hateful incumbency groan : [neatli 
In theheans of our rulers your poignards,oh, 
(heathe. 
And hoill a red cap on our ■ ! 

Ah ! confider how many long months are [>a(1 
And how many lingering long day?, fovt^r. 
Since you promifcd to halten from CaLis to 
Dover, 
Wretclied Bi Itons from llavcry to raife ; 

To reclaim ns at length fi cm political vice, 

To write recfonnat inn io bhuyl ; 
To beftow on ns liberty not without lice, 

All, all, for our uUima'c good. 

For, Bi itoi s, ala' ! arc a nttion of flavrs, 
' More full of plumb-pw.UIins thr.n vvk. 
Warm with rapture, wiiilc i^urke againft 
anarrhy ravcf. 
Ever hcking the fpittle of Pitt ! 

Ah ! think, gallant Frenchmen, while thus 
y<in delay, 
What miffoi tones your friends lirre betidf : 
All 1 think l*ow the tyrants Ihtir leaders dif- 
may, 
Forc'd m holes, like true adder', to hide ! 

See, fee, your own Froft, thioup.h tie pill'ry, 
Thruft out his deplorable jMrz; ["<»n hi^ih. 

While Mock'iy with loil'd tonr^ue lland> in- 
fijitingly by, 
While dar i,ci h and draih ronnd him wMa ! 

S»c the fad Pi cfo*- t,i »>■'., Ut rentjc and nU-ck, 
To the wilds of Arm yw.\ i(»tm ; ( icck. 

With, his v.'.fc -nd his <'aii^l.tci5, prep;.: tog lo 
Ntar n; ktd lewd hid::«ns, v.\\ ht.rri-' ! 

Sweet foul, of wlicfe griev^L'CCS grc.l is the 

flMIl, 

Who turn Tcft-lnws nti ^'?x. i o rt-l- /e, 
W ho would dfiugc Ins coiwr.i y wu!i Mo.^d, to 
bcci »me 
An Excfers-.an or juftice of Pr;'.cc I 

Ch! tJ.rn t'M'uraul (f thi»;t: I e'i.eN,ihat ♦'!« 
\Villi4U.t dic.-.d J^f 'he c aw.f o' old ""v.? a:rh, 
\\ l.o Ui'^h .:nd blaf^.htme, as lo lLui;;!itcr 
ther fiy, 

A few odd iamdicd iboafiuid tli''p2tch I 



\A Word to tb« Wis*. 
jf /lew BaHad §n the Tiwtet, 

THE Mounfeers, theyfay, liave the w<»rJd 
in a ftring, [d^r l^mg ; 

They don't like cur noblen, they d«i»V h.lio 
Ait ilicy fmuggle oitr wool, and H*ey'4 Cam 

have our wheat. 
And leave uspoor Er.glillimcn nothing to eat. 
Deny down, down, duvvn dci ry tlown. 

They call n«; a'reac'y a province of France, 
And come here by hundreds to teach us to 

d.inoB ; 
They lay we arc heavy, they fiy we are dult. 
And that l>ecf aiul plumb-puddmg's not good 

fi r John Bull. 

They jaw in their clubs, murdtr women and 
Pricfty, [fcafty— 

An:l then for tlicir ftfli-vives they m:ike civic 

Civic fcarts! what arc U.cy ? why, a new- 
f'.ihinn'd thinp;, [tlieir King ! 

For which tlioy renounce both their God and 

And yet there's no eating, •tisailfoolifti play^ 
■ For n-hcn pics arc cutoi)cn, the birds fly away; 
Fut rrcnchmti admire it, and fancy tijey fee 
That Libei ty's ftx'd at the top of a ivct, 

Thcv fay man and wifo(ho\ildnnlongei be one, 
Do you take a daur^htcr, and I'll take a fon; 
And as All tilings are equal, and all ihof.lJ 
be free, f fuit me. 

If your wife don't fuit you, Sir, perhaps Ihe'll 

But wir ladies are viiiuoui, our ladies are fair, 
Which is niuje than they tell us your Frcnch- 
w on'.cn are ; [arc free. 

They know tlicy are Inppy, they know they 
And that Liberty's not at the top of a tree. 

They take from the rich, but don't give to 

the |H)or, [dooi- ; 

And to al! f^.rts of mifchief they'd open the 

Then let's be united, and know when wc'iv 

we'll. 

Nor l)clieveall the lies thefe Republicans tell. 

Our foldicis and failors will anfwer ihcfe 
fparks Jl'pit \.slike biks ; 

Tho'j^h I hey ihrcafeird Diimouner Ih.-.uld 

But, Kiitoir, dcn'i fear them, for Britoi.sarc 
f'ce, 

And knuw Libcity's not to be found on a tree. 

1'hiy tiT t« decci' e us, our lofs istl.cir cj.un, 
•Which IS ..11 \vc can leain from the woiks of 

To.ij ?.i.n* ; 
But htr finr^-ns he wife, as they 're hr;ive and 

tl.ev'u nee, \[i:A, 

And itill £riUii.ihatl rule in ihemidll ot.her 

Then A.ind by the Church, and the King, 

1 he Old l.JiJM li.llh.T! histcffh a:ul h- chiws; 
We k«mw i,i no l>i;r|u>l>, we've »«oihi:'^ to 

far, 
For v.M-r :iew-f ing!£iJr.or.iC'.fc w i!l hovrdo 
h-ir. I'city Uuvvn, kc. 

ii;^> i>j 1793* 



WllRb 



OubAdnnikr 






rfietiS 



!«'$ ^gazine; 



^ 



WtodfaU'i Diify. 
Uorniae Hcrala 
Moraini Chtas. 
WotU.— Sri(<i& 

HMn.Psft— &UI 
■ )W«kl)ipiptn 
B*tk ■, SnOol 4 



Gunntrj 

Birfejt Exncr 

BImkcSci 

Uenli>r«,Holl 

UlLAMB 

l-i., 

L>ICS»TBI ■ 

lnww 
UlUbM ■ 

NawnAk ) 
■mcwiA a 

. Sc«tlaM 

' Ibcfdd ■ 
Shwkinwa 

. Chnwlliary 
it%a(oii . 

WInchffUr « 
Wbiiehavcn H 
WotceOa „ 



For 



J u 

C O N T A 



L Y, 



'793- 



UatcnrnloG.Drariaror Jniieand riil|r,i79; 5^6 
ThiCiiclLaci^TliBGviiRjrau— Ur. Whils %%■} 
ALeilir, in Bunners.Fi-om Lawrence Stenie jSS 
|Waier>lownCinipreI<endhyTlnniJer-flur(ni'l. 
:Ori|innf [hoAniiu.ilProcnrtoiiitOrtcftein jBj 
;B;r>Er]pliicalAiiecdo<e«iir Dr RilphBithurft 591) 
-A Bihlical Quay— M (cellaneiHBRcniarki 5*1 
.Vcitue'i ('•(iraiu In ihc Oxfwi Alnunacki li. 
Diu,lilh,Tcignniout1i,anii OzXViDcvnnlhire S9] 
Ic. nixica — It(4n)kilf ~.M1 SoutsConeje 5^4 
HiAuijof HcwtlenandaniildTiinibiUunraicd ;^j 
OnCopvrjjnt* of SiMind— CiiUTch Windiiu) i^^ 
lElir^ihethaii Wril-^Univci (vf ol -CimhriAfa hor. 
'Phxnanunon, cuifetl by H^ie, fvsn at Sea 60 r 
,GeDLlemeiiFarmtrf,olienPiiolicHeiiefwft-<r(6->i 
Impravei) DrilIFIou:h— M..numniial&^:ii3 6;; 
Cudl-HaihiAir — A<lvantagn of New Fnlicc fy.^ 
Mieration of Swallnwi— ami of Wimdc.-iKj fiofi 
Bcdghnrr Hoirfe— The Migr^ioii of Filhtt 6aS 
tpilaphonCharlesI.siChiireh.HaiiJburou^iiScH) 
fcCrareh'sPnetr?}— CaTinurf— Ih.ViitfDn! f.n-) 
, Biof.Oi fl. — Emerfon — CarJerei'i Di fllmufy f ' * 
ETVihclliOied wiihViewiof itaa Gothic Su^ 
; looUMKiLt I a Ddineaiinn,hr Dr. Rsi-ii 
kirnaNleenicStai a a«w DtitL Pi.ou< 



Dr. PriefllcT'4 Pnlilical Piincitilel .levdoptd ii 
IheEjft.lndiaOianer— R'liE««iin'imia fiii 
Tlie Family c[ llic Vcfclr— Hm kney CuUcgc fin 
Mir(xl'.aneoiu Rcmaik;— Crcridi-Pnrir.idt /i 
M(t«unilD(;ft*»TuutfromW«lmniuLondun «ii 
Krmarkton Piiulir, Horace, lIomEr, Ice. t- 
Mfdilliiiofliuli^nMoti.imtii — SiSjm.l.uke $i> 
H«igIiCi>(tlie ( hermrmcur — Kil-c.i( Ciuti tii 
SirR..ii-kv,rleh-'>H.ni<;— nrmjik.ibleSmfySt' 
Pn<c<«din^Si>f I'lrlRiiC -elTi »i .>! KirlLment t:< 
1 hs gencr-il V«,i!y Epitlli -if iiw Q/Aem by. 
Rivitw OF Ntw PullLt.:ATIaM «])—«<: 

Ji:.fci PntTKv,aiiiwnniidmu.arnft(t— 6jl 
N.it.onilC<«iveHtHiniiiFri«e— F;>r AfTdirs 65 
1"»ri:uL<r ftccmiiH n[ E^cx.sl«IuOM>r><p 66, 
.'a'ln'.rj Sew*, .iml fl' inefliE '>ccii!T. 666 — 66' 
Mjrriinie^ DeaP. , P;- -rer.ii .<:ii. &c 6t.,— 671 
Average Pric-- of Corn— Thsstriral Rfg It. 671 
l):iily VviKion- 11 the Piicelufilu Slocitl tSi 
u i.HDD^' il 0«Tn> ; andnlilic Ifland of 
*N, of ilv; rU;^ ■• C. Qt'.io. ,■' a P«.«r:o- 
lh; Me.:alof Sultam Mjbam.t, fcc-Jic. 



By S r L y A N U S U R B A H, G«A. 



^ ^ D. HENRY hy JOHK NICJiOLS, Red-L; ... .„ 

■Mtor Jfl t<won to tfta EJ.tof are d<ifireJ « b« addnOed, ¥o»T-» *\». 



ifan 


w«a. 


Baroni 


Therm 


Sua of Wealhw in J««r, ■}9i. 




1 


StE hritk 


»9«V> 


54 i»we»fl, gloomr. and wnpUiIinl 


— * 




SSK hrilk 


JO 


S4 rain, light Owwen 




I 


S mmleryo 


74 


53 c1oo<M Iky, clean up, (nd plea£nt 




• 4 


SSt mJerjte 


se 


59 nveroft, refrahJns fhowew 




i 


SW Qilm 


9" 


5I averun, |«mle flioiven 




SiiKHkriU - 


So 


St J«rk,lkr, fliBht■wwc«^■^ 




7 


SHe»lin 


. T& 


S% white c1(»df,0i|htlho<ni» 






SW moJerata 


51 






9 


SW modeiMe 




57 nwTMft, (howen 






SW [KaJeraU 


8. 


56 cjoodj, <*ar, wJ pleafaK 






SF. caln 


■ BB 


57 *rit»y«rfs,ai«rBr» 






it ulm 


RS 


57 ;laoRtr,-buTTlluA»«n 




*I 


Culm 


10, lO 


5( dood^.ftOrdv . 




■4 


W brifc 


' I 


57 rtaoJy, WW coM dar 




W hnlk 


»9.38 


57 ^v(rcafl,EkKMrjaiidiiflI>InriiiI.fi«qu«HllwiW<n 


17 


w bi-idt 


77 






it 


NW brine 


^ 


54 .DWercaft, rain 




'i 


N m.>J=rate 


11 


54 


clooJ]r 




%o 


K moJtma 


5S 


while cloikls, fine aftarnoon 






NW nvndanu» 


9$ 


6a 








NW brilk 


i; 


6a 


d«>r, fmeaftcmoo^ 




■ I 


■J calm 


S6 


clear Iky, mody, and coU 






WbriOt 


}6 


J5 


mil. 




«; 


SE calm 


lo 


57 


tloomy, £iM afteitioon 




tl 


SW calm 


60 


60 






*.7 


SW calm 


«t 


59 


clear anJ plealaiu, rain in Dm eToniug 




1? 


W ciilm 


66 


59 lelelr, rain in ihe eveniog 




*$ 


SWhriflt 


J7 


(0 rainy aiHt unpItalMC 




S" 


W bride 




i8 


wiiitc doudi i 





I.' Honeyfiuklei ia Mooni.— 3. Hawttiom in btaom. Frap Kava ehwgad their tea* jlae* 
Hie rain.— > Wind a lints e:ni^lliMiii fur a few hours P.M. Th« Ik^ VC17 black. Etaio- 
howi. — II. Thundar-cUp P.M. A llmwei-, afMi- which bees (warm.— iS. Fok glovtt iA 
binoni.— Fall of rain thii lueath 1 io^ 9>ioilu. Eyaporaiion, a inchct 7'iotht. 

ff^iM, mat Uvff-tl- J. Holt. 

MiTKOROLoeicAL Tablk for Jul}', )793> 
H(t|biafF>bmhcit'iThi :ei(ht of Fahrenheit'* Tkeraeaiittri 



' W. CARY, Opti«aB,No. iSi* n 



I HoTfolk-Street, Strv,d( 

THE 



dunnoa ot [he cack<iWi vociliiy not 
militiiiag liiinA ibe eoajcAMrr, m (p- 
p»nfio«ilhc under ■MMiM),c»raci> 
cd Iron mf jouraal of ih* praftDt *cir. 
C*"^""** w«i« fiffthnrdoB Apiiltbt 
Bsd*, ud, »■ maji ruppoTt, laid la ■ 
■■•dj^mid* nrA cjthcrfir; feOBlfttr, 
«> in thr moBib of Ktf at hrtbcft. 
Daring M«y and June 1 burd ihcn 
•ftcM, Md (be joung ctiac abrMd od 
tbcitib «f tbc tift-Hiaed nioMbi from 
wfakb 4tf to ib« i4 of Jul]', incrnfiTC, 
myrdfaad oihcil*«rc EOWruined witb 
tfac coDtiauil Kpcuiion of the cuckoir- 
Bott both in ih< day and in the migili 
ia ibc m^tl, 1 repeat, and, aver upoa 
nint boAunr. Afur the id of thit 
MODib, ihclt and all otbei auckow* be* 
came film. 

I alio one a tribyte of aeknotTledia- 
VMBt to tt% kiad tatoiiMar, and jotir 
TxluabU' corrc^nadeat, L.E, p. jjj, 
vhdCe amrabaiion nakei me proud. 
Tkit B*"*'*"'*'* ^KJwiaf, thai a haAf 
accoQDi of (be OaB^araa would be 
more aeccpnble ra bts iban aonej I 
infofB bin, . ibu maof CimgarDu 
ftiBi hare been brought orcr bj Ibe of- 
ficer! rtiumtd fiom New South Wilei,' 
«M of lahkb it » the pnffdfion of la 
•ofuaiataacc of ati^e. It it of a grtf 
c«ioH>l tbabcail fomcwbai lika^rai'ai 
I^Mnfmalli ibcfore-ltgcnry ihetr, 

• Sm p. 4JJ, 



■»■ on proper Qtcaitona, aclctnd to be 
a aao of bartDefi, the following leiitr 
of hi), to a Biishbourinf cjcigjimjD, 
nill fufieicntlr eviice. It ii undated, 
but WM wfiucD foon a^er the pubUca- 
tioo of tbc early voluac* of Triflram 
Skandy, £vaiHio. 



"I n 



If of jnun i and it 



.. . giax plafura to me lo O^lcbvge 
tha neighboorlr ofbca yon Aanil in want ol 
to your btltfUtion. 1 liava Ukao ptvptr 
BwaQirct lo cet chapmea for it, by ontcring 
I( to ba publuly cried at ray cwo pMifliu | 
but t fiod I graatar bKkwjvdnefi tiaaagA 
mytKoflacktiattitireliKaihanI innfinnl. 
Thit ii owiug, it feaini, to -a greater prefpeft 
of tur and other foiice thin ihtia wai any 
fxpedatioo of about fire weeki aio, wtwa, 
ttiey tell tna, your tmp would hart bid far 
401. more ilHii nt prcfent. I tMlieratiicia 
may be fome irouodtfuT ibm fur, all tha 
bta mowed niaadowi pruduce plawr, ot 
Mbkh your* (wlii^ wm cm Uft SatDril;^] 
wiU be nounatcapybU proof I for, Uwy fiy, 
;o4 ban af much fiaH at Uicy could weLl 
xww : (o tlul, by Ibcir accuoni, tt)a wue- 
1,4 tba tudiler nileil tbe.nluaof the crop. 
Ic'li now with the atBwIi diSlculEy, and a 
wbal« tBonung'i wafta of an Vuijf, that I 
bave |oi iwo fuScient men M ••«•*•«••• 
to^ up to what ymi bad oSwtrf — twelv* 
poiaali. ibbn^ tbemotfnndar pretaoca 
«f writing y«!t wordf but* ia DWh, to wdt 
a day or two to try iWmtkat, and fM 
whM u^ be gK for it. i |henfoc« bai <(a« 
wiU write m ft liw « tiitt fa> bolHa 4i 



"UStirviJ 



^588 Watcrdown Camp nlteved by g thunigr-ftorm. [July, 

r;Aionfi which muft come focm, for the canv^is caftellum^ hu?i;ing mvftif in 
barley, tliTy inform me. muft he cut on Fri- the ide« that the Ikv wm ai black as it 
-.Jjy or Satuciay ; fo thr.e is no time to lofc. could be. But, as the rain thi^ morn- 
If I hear nothmg from yoi, I have l^o j ^-^^^ y ^ field-<1ay, I muft 
thingstochufr, eirher.tofet mcntnmnw It --,.-. ;-.^ . i:-|l ^r -« j ^ r 

lor you, or l.t the men who bid the moft f.>r "l"''^ « '»">« «[.«»' "»^^ ^''^ gO'"g 
ir take it , though I fear the two men have **•*"."**" •*"«• "^^'JT commander, 
bid near all I can get you. I beg my com- "«* «race of Richmond is pamcularly 
plimrnts, with my wife, to your lady; and a"*""'^ 10 ejrcry minutia iha^may be 
am, 3ir, with grrat eftcem, your*', "lied jui^ice to the private foldier. 

Indefatigable in every point of dutv, 
he takes care every one under him flmlf 
he fo too^ Mi^) cirecpt on »6^u«»l fervi*.. p 
I btlievc no troops werr ever more uii* 
dtr the influence of the fun. Wc may 
be Ovicd •* the l\veatiog heroes of a 
bloodlefs plain/' drenched in perfpi- 
rarion, doubled with a dark duft, a 
(bade l>tftween the miller and the chim* 
ney<if\veep, and tormented with the (kia 
peeling off our facet. For my part J have 
hdd three editions of ikih within this 
fortnight; and~ if the hm feafon had 
lalfed much loni>cr» my poor nofe, 
which was never fo larije as it ought to 
be, or rather as 1 wiih it, muli have 
Icll'cned into one ,uf your diminutives* 
Nirvcr did I go into a tent to lc»ok at my« 
felf in a glafsi (not having one of my 
own) without perceiving it grew redder^ 
and I thirk I am noiv at purpled as if 
1 had macie an excurfion of • day or 
two within the toriid zone. 

The day nftcr our arrival, I walked 
to l^unbiidge Wells, and fubrcrihcd to 
tlK Rooms, thinking it would be a 
good occ^fional lounge, as 1 had heard 
much about the Pantiles, and the Beau* 
ties that grace them. But what, Mr. 
Urban, are WcLs to us ? Except thofe 
whichyjiriffg from ourUlfes, or thole ift 
front and rear of the encam)nnent, we 
are obliged to vifit whenever the fotdiera 
wifli to fill their canteens ) I have never 
been at Tunhridge finct, nor felt rhe 
IcaA inclination to go tbtrre ; f<;r, at every 
fpare hour, I am gUd to throw myfelf 
on my bed, and old Morpheus, the 
God of evcltds, is ibAaoilv my com- 
manding f>fhcer, till 1 am awakened by 
•• thi drusmi.^iffrUamt /•mnd* — or. by 
a feijcant thruding the Order Iv Book 
ovet my fare with •* Orders^ j9mr Hom 
*' nOKfi" or, a petty complaint againft 



I AM not this year, as heretofore; to 
write to you niy obfervaiions from 
tjie fTiminits of moonti^tns, nor yet from 
the pe^fceful vallryt of the moft delif>ht- 
ful part of oUr hap^v iflvind -— No, M:. 
Utb;in, I am noi I but 1 hope the pro- 
chice of the firft iu'le hour 1 h^ve had 
for fnme time will not prove unnrcept- 
ab'c fio-n the fterile plain of Water- 
do^n : a pUin that was ncvrr yet chear- 
e'd by a bkde of verdure, or a (hrub, 
Except th<* purpled heath, emblem of its 
banennefs. 

I feel fo gratlRid on hearing the rain 
natter on my tent, I cannot left-ain ta- 
xing "p my pen to tell you of it. — Wel- 
cbme, ye rcfre(bing fliowers !— ^ye de- 
ft, oycrs of duft !—> for, until rhi^day, my 
rhroat hat never been clear of it, and 
Ify calling up a hem I only juft find I 
gm rid of a ^ry cough which is always 
the attendant of dirty tbhflimtfu As the 
progrefs of any thing which adds to 
bur comfort is pfeafant to relate, you 
muft allow me to be a little ganulous; 
I ftiafl therefore take your thoughts to 
jcfterday evening. 

After a day of toil and fun, ^t were 
rejoiced to perceive the heavens threaten 
a thunder-florni, running f;om South 
to S.S.W. 1 was as fatigued as I could 
be, though determined to wait the ho* 
Tcring attack j the lightning was bui'y 
ia different quarters, and, as it nearcd 
as, Ibewed the hanging rocks oppotite 
the encaiiipmeot with loUmnity. The 



lllavenly artillery approached, and, 

after a few tr'mendcnis )>ea!s at devcn 

P.M. the firfl drnp^ o&water. that hav6 

/or a long time ichrcihed this irregular 

waflc, c^rn^do^vh.* With the inOinfi of a vagrant foldiur, t^r, futncthing to dof 

a mail of thiift I X opened my triourh k m««y not be inapt here to quote an old 



to the weiuOpicd ma^^^a, and wa; 
thoroughly wtt btffJtc J recovered fioni 
inyieveiie; apd liicu, \vith the coofi* 
deration of an cM ipiUier, ^ ilickeocd 
Uif wcaihar-coids^ and. r^ired (o idj^ 



miliiury exprcllion— **Thus wc fuld^crt 
live, &c." 1 

The ctiflferent gnaids mooot at one 
o'clock in the attci noon, from the very 
9iilt(ary rcafon of kcepiag ni aJwaya 

ready. 



•J 



main «ilfc iImo tilt ib»)F'hlWbHl«4 nglVc jm^ M goBdanaMwiK'df m# 
taad th«<tiflniuuia>h thciTRBWi •"* 



^unl»Mu.t)«ilh it itftBoame. A N auuit tfilMtctwhiAidanaB ilia 

dlciajl tfiati tit firc-9licc« bciag & XL lift two truadrcd uin, hfi btfd 

jvmblcd lottiihtr, tbn «(ery Iiiadttf pit4 by' (Vc'fimtljr •FTtt'Mrreh, i^ 

GUBpciBhfiiwiauBbcfiiBigtMdoviof OruafleiB) tosdnncli in tho niitj^tt 

Ifaacltuthk A'llwrt Ualuaf«airnl« DoAilcfcfag, in the; Orifoat, fiuaBori. 

kU4 of vii Ijtag ibaiH eacampfBDait, gia too fiaguiar ■m'io marit publiitf f 

itUBqiisit,a*^-«Mfli^. wlicthtrw* aad prafcmmM. AmoafA tha lenits 

Aall at ha«« *aiM -for tha coanty of of amicbf aad boAiIitr •hick tcMfc 

Suffcai Atiil it it aria Tam6wrcd that s place ia ihc GtiliMi at tbi ca«iiaeBef 

umiB f rtat man ataj write aa im- went of tbt xHU ccouirT, iLe priE«iiS 

Eavcnicnt upoa Mri. Gladc'cuntii* iog piny sccsfti Foinpciui.FUDla'of 

rr KultMatJA. kaviai: bctiiTtdt to the Spiniirdt, tha 

Indeed I Biier wai in bciur health ia inEercAi of bn antittij, asd of the Bic^ 

my life, apd «ho thu eajoyi that blef- icftanii > aad he wa* runiBKiaed to ap» 

Hog tiai a Tight lo compliio } It it the pear before ibeiribanal ai Tufit. £i(hct 

duty of foldteri to obey nitb cheatfuU fiom the ipprehcnliaa of .dcli>«Tint 

ncft, and no une ii iDDie fitvoured than hidifelf into the bwdi of picjudiccd 

asocher.— Gtneral), field-oficctt, cap- ;<i(tget, or frKm- the fealaiiDiK.tif '« 

taioi, aJI lorti ol fnldicn, hiTc the fa- guiliy confcience, Flioia rcAtrcd.io-ap- 

lubiity of nut having liiDt to be idle ) pear, and wai ooobqatRtly proletibaA 

aiad) I date bclitve, before we reiuta at a iritcor. Gcargt Jaaait, hii ihor* 

as ariAUr-rutnsii, w« iliill hafc com- til encniri * degiidvd pritA, aad it 

(ilclelj eipelkd every induUni hibil. ihiit time a ccIdocHb the fervioa of tW 

Ai for tnylelf, at 1 do not wjlb to be Rcpublie, dcteimlncd to be himltif tb* 

aUayt «/ni/, I frankl/ coafcft I could eiecuiionef <>r iht rcnteaca. Witbihtf 

BOW and thcB lil^e to eajoy a luile of iatent, he llTembltd TDBtc fclaluie nto, 

the twecii of indolence I and, houcTtr with whom,, during the oigbt, b« 

nhotifome dancing about iiBoii^ft tb« inMehed thiough a camp of three tbou» 

heath and r*Tiaei of Waierdnwn. may fvai Ciihulici, aad appeared in tb« 

be, I feel myfclf oell coough not to ino'ninK bcfcrc the caale'of Rtctbcr^ 

wilh to be brtnlad and fwtaied .iato. where Piaaca imagined bimUfin per* 

health. h& fecuriiy. Jena;t bl-okc into tbs 

At the formeT pait of thii ii wriiien caaie,andaieeiiBgPlaaiain thekiicbaa 

with a gcMd-humound bind "of (p!ctB wrh a drawn fword iahtiband, foiNi 

(ifl may be allnwcd tbt ciprtllioa)! 1 oicrpoweccd bin, and di()tein|g biai 

cao only lay, it may be occafiontil Qy into an adioining looni, cnt ^ffhii head 
the fMCotfa of my imet and the peeling witt) a hatchet, with fiich forc«, ibaa 
«f my QLinj Sic.i but i have a few wardi the rtiark ut .1 ii Bill vifibla upiia tba 

to add upon a part that muft gue fa* Aoot. Plaoia'i daughter Li>creti*,wh» 
tiifafiiuQ 10 e>try lo*er of hit cu'.,ai(;, wm ibeo vei* youag, and afiarwaedl 
The plaisiof Waterdown can iiooft of married SatonTrawerfcb of OncnAei^ 
hn encarapment of 7000 at nnc lellowi made t Memn vow lo Tiircnec ibc If^ 
ai ever I'ecxd i iDco a^uaicd bv a Ipitii gical death of her fatbei 1 Dtif laaof 
of regard for iheir King and Country | jeariclapiad befoie flic tound a faroniB 

hod ibe itnpruTemcnc they have made «bl(oppuitunity of paifofaufts\ka\<(Q«« 

lincc thfc/ catiKupoofhefmunrfjiravM io the £ratific<liaa tif tVMt U>\lfc «hMt 

tiitf hMtt » Alt vbidiaee ta oidettt -xnwtg,* nluctk.at> UtM «b^4 aftui^ 



5^ BUlrapbUalJnccdotssofDr.lR.7L\^\iTizi\ixix^. tJ^'Tt 

At Uttgthi whcB Jeaars wa« one even* timet, I might get t tolerable livelihood^ 

iug at ft bait at.Coire, ihe ordered him,, whatever became of mc io the Uni. 

Under (bme prettnce, to be called out ; Tcriity." 

•odt if) the moment of hit Tcttiog hit In ihe year 1654. he took the degrees 

loot ioto the fircet, ilic flew him with of M. B. aiid M. D. by accumu tattoo » 

(lie very fame hatchet which he had The three quefttoot for hit bachelor't 

with the blood of her father. dcgrett were: 



In pcBiBce for thia deed, Lucreti« m An Taetus malemo fangtiiae notriacur f 

iotinded an annuat benefice of 300 flo* An omntt fenfut fit ta£lus^ 

tint for the maintenance of the chuich Aa acicium vetitriculi fermtntura pins con» 

ami poor of the place where her father ferat co^tioni quani calor ?** 

baa bccB kilted. TiateUert may ftill por the degree of M. D. he gave " Pr»- 

§tt in the caftle of Ortenaem the hat- |eftiooe$ tre« de rcfpiitiinne." In thtl^ 

f^n which '"a* the loarument of thit leauret the eleeant clnflTicil fchol^r it 

double affalfinaiion, and which is F4re- ft^n in tht fleilful anacomift ; particular- 

ftitly prtfertfd in memory of the cvem. \y \^ ,he fecond, where the opcrauon 

Yourt, Itc. ' Viator A. ©f the will on the body is beautifully 

illuftrated. He fomctim^t took occa- 

Mr.URlAMi weliSt jufy 15. f^^n to exercife bis poetical talents; the 

■ non clignior wiquam following lincst on the third qucflion, 

nipbieoHBoilleie,iiJObacceH«rathofp* «• j^n acidum ▼cntrlculi," &c. abovc- 

TB£ lift of Ralph Bathurfl, M. D. mentioned, were of his pro<lii6lion : 

dean nf tKis cathedral, Mnd prefi- «# in difpqtatiAaibus vcfperial. comit. Oxoa« 

dent of Trinicy College, Ox<m, wat progradnM. B. 1644. 

wiblfflied by T. Wartoo, M. A. about Romnleasaiulaxi'ientt8cuminv«H<efetaroe8# 

thirty yeart fince. An abridged account Alpioi reforar* invia c\»mi\n lagii 

•f Ihit cclebrateil dean may be accepta- Hrrfti fcopulot, et moiuem folvit aoeto, 

be 10 feme of your readers who havo Cuni putuit foUs ignc liquar* nif et." 

Bot iee'h Mr. Warton't publicaiuin. Before he had taken hit medical dc« 

Xh^u Bathurft it not the firft medical ^reet, he had the reputation of an ahlf 

dtaa 00 record in the Weft of £ng;land9 praflitiwoer, and was emplt»ycd under 

ghtre being a monumental infcription in the board 1 J fick and hurt ftamen ; and^ 

St. Olare't church, Mart«ftreet, London, in the difcharge of the durips of hit ap^ 

!■ memory oi William Turner, M. D. pointment, he gave much fatitfafiion 10 

who died dean of Wellt, A. D. 15681 the admiralty, and to the board. He 

Hid w€ Smd, in || Hen. Vi. an order, afterward « a^ociated himfelf with Dr, 

r tht prif y feal, to fammon a phy* Will it, with whom he regularly acund* 



fciai to attend tht king at Windlorj td Abingdon market every Monday, 
«he dofior (iimmontd was Gilbert Ke* Io the year 1651 he alfifled in the reco** 



, dtan of Saiifrurf . It it alfo re- very of Ann Green, a young woman 

Varkahit, that Dr Bithurft had for executed at Oxford for the murder cjf 

cootemporariet two phyfieiant, headt her baflard infant; on that occafioo the 

•f boniet; via. Henry Gierke, M. D, dodor wat the imputed author of the 

Kfidest of MacdaleB, and John Par- following epigram : 

, M. D. warden of Merton 1 and he u !„ puellam v'fic^iroT/uar, a patibulo 

llimfelf married tht widow of Tohn revivifcentem : 

Palmcry M. D. warden of All Souls. QnjenupermeJcttSjvefpillonef^uefefcIIity 

Ralph Bathurfl, M> D. was born in ^t iiom unius vi^Hroa mortis );nit; 

the year 1610, at Theding<vorth, in Lei* Quam bene NeHds, titulom meruilTe p«« 

CcftcrOiire. In 1640 he wat appointed tandaeft, 

fcllow of Trio. Coll. Oxon. He took Cum poterai a«i«i fie renovare fuum.* 

the degree of M. A. in 1644* ao^ wat To the (ludy and prafiice of phyfick 

ordained the fame .year by bilhop Skin- Dr. BathuiU joined erery branch of 

fier, of Oxford. The confufion and philofophical knowledge. ^ About tho 

troublet of the grand rebellion promK jrtar 166a he was engaged with othcrf 

ling but iiitle encouragement to the mi- m forming a focietv, who ht!d wctkty 

tiifleriai fuoAion, he changed hit plan, meetingt at Dr. Wilkins', warden of 

%md commenced ftudent in phyAck. Wadham. It was from this inftltuti«»ii 

•• 1 knew,** last he, «• no better way that the Royal Society of London ori. 

ihMo to turn my ftudiet to phyfick, that |inated ; Dr. Ssih Ward, Mr. Boyle, 

i^ ut fpi^ht Oi the mqaitici oi iht Dr. Wvi^ii»,^itVltu.^^v\N»mw>itvif 



It wMin i6«2(tiit tbt MAar^M* 



BHi 



mdpl 



m dllQiiriiftHi hlBblf ■■ 

■■161T Aft>, whtK hti variM wan 
ra iMlta^i Md. hri h« Mtlind In 
p «f ('■■M'T dnonui Mw d«en- 
lciyfpidM«f '«tl<(nM^ wa bevM 
ted- man fpiciniaai m bit poni- 
■la and polite litanmir*. It «« 
■wr bf lalMti oP tUi kiod tbu 
m4 «rai (w*«t te prtTcraKat^ It 
lb mfl«r-pieM of Luis pMiryt 
sed M k TiMiift,. htttttcd, " De 
ak HoAiuii." hf T. Uobbi, of 
Btftorf (wrilKH with that pregBtM 
ity wbldi it the [mi and enirgy of 
[■■bit)) that Tccomacadtd hin 10 
mica of ibc duke of Devonbin, 
atb whola imunk ba bacAma daaa 
(Tell*. 

be doAor wat remaricaUjr And rf 
co«>p.D7 iif v'HiDg mtn, which it 
ncontinon cifci bui that ^oung mtn 
Id ^lEetlf coan hit it a ptuof of 
imiabic and chcirful dJr|>o(itKiB. 
ha Ilia aarl Bithurfl, who at ij 
■ ofagaamarcditTria.Coll. whra 
ml* (tbt prcfidenO wai to, ufrd 
if> that ht pcrfcftly rerncmbcred 
I chaimcd with Dr. Bithuifi'i coa- 
KK>D, He often vlfitcd Dr. Rad- 
:, then a youn); fludtm at Lincoln 
■ga, •oiwiibltanilinj; the difpatitf 
ittrfttitf and J.ihn PbiDlpi, tw 
of ihe Splendid ShiltioKt &<■ ^"* 
nicuJac fa'ourite with bim, 
rem ihc limc Dr. It. changed hii 
,aiid citnmeDicdnudeni inphriitk, 
t deeply engaged in medical Rudict 
philolophicil puiluiii, thii hit mind 
nlo|f ytiit wat alienated irom dirl- 
ai a Icience ; fo tar f'l, that nhen 
d. by Ihcbilbopiol Wiach^Kcrand 



appniKtcd KiBg** Chiplai* 1 laibcfuBii 
cecdtas jm ba waa clcftad ~ ' 
bit Cdlaga, fbim aftti' whii 

! lb* widdw of Joha Viimn, M. D; 



Praidcatal 
aftti^ which he mar- 



Wuipt' 



.0. he 



■ get . 



Itu^iiclf, by telling the Jitteri 
gft other thing!, 

RoranoftfidiiiinpnKfininenilacuras.'' 
r-:3, aiicr be •■[ D:an ot Well* 

Pi^GdtDi of Trlnii), tic cerer 
d coafcnl to have anv rcrmon 
»^>wn Minted, nutefenibit wfaieh 

webcd before ihc Houre of C^m- 
■f ivfctB tbu k.i»g net the piiht- 



Warden of AD Sour*. Htwaaia _ 
Deaaff Weill oaihapreaoUmiafDua 
CraUnm m the BiAoprkk tf BadI 
■ad WalJt ia 1*70. U« Wu BMipfliftf 
in iCttt bjr William «ad Maij mib« BtS 
ftopncfc of BriAoli «itb libaitf M IUa» 
biibnar; sad Haadfti. JaM<im^| 
which ba aabljaaddMBtarrftadlTda. 
diaad, OB Kcouat «f tlM com|j«tlag 
,tha hrildiBga of bla c all a ge ta wWcC 
he paid av vawaarad itMauaa, aad i»M 
a muBiKccM' coatrlbutar w tba amoaBt 
of hnral iboM&ad Boiidi from Srt M 
M. ■ 

la the gvnnoMu of tbo ckatab •! 
WalJa. fiirthirt;i>ftHir jMra, he Ijead.l* 
perfhA barmaay with iha caaoaiv ^1 
which the chapter win aaiblcd la mate 
ftand agtiBll iona ucroacbmaai* at- 
tempted an their privilege! ^ fiilbop 
Kidder. Hit hofpitiliif at the deaarf 
waa liberal, aad hit gratuitout odfiea 
at a ph}ficiaa harcadll/gareia allwbtt 
fioodinneeduf it. 

It wai ufual at Well* to write tfa« 
*Si at the cbapter-houra in Luis. 
Thofc made by Dr. Buhuril, whilt 
dcin, are diftinguiOied remarkablj by 
[heir elegance of fty|e. Hli arationi at 
OxFsrd are fpccimcDt of wit, and anti- 
thtfu (the delight of hit age). Ovid 
wit the chief pattern of hit Latin po^ 
try, aad hit fatouiiic elaflic 

Mr. WartoD fufpeaed that Dr. B. 
wrote g-eai pari of the pre^e to Wil- 
lii'i ■' Cerebri Anatomc." Ttic follow- 
ing palTagE ii quite in hit manoef, and 
inlinilely too fmari for Willii 1 

" Abe&foeniioquscapitabumanoxtnt- 
nitaMin fibi cl imperio veluti npcimii. Ai;^- 
pieiii promilenau alim Rumani ; neqne or^ 
beta CHHioik) fi^ierftnii 111 polfe pecfualum 
eft, ni<i ^i^iinA/ hemiitit cnult InaJificantW 
ca[>itcilium. Mun it bini quJ inpoit in art>> 
but mediterautdeviflo literanHn oibi triuoi- 
phi-i milii fponde^m. At interun docunieit- 
t* latis illudribni dudum iJepr^endi (i-uAra 
omnlao nili illii ipRi aiifpnHii in philofopbia 
prxlcftim natorali allabuiari." 

D.. Baihurll regarded Dr. Willn 
wiib much (.fleem, a* appear! bj tiro 
mandtteiof iniprimaiur, which, at vie*- 
chancellor, he prciix<:i) to two tteaiifcf 
ofWtlli&'i; the fiift wit to Ihf Ptui*. 
vaceuiix RuiouUi^ xou 



59a Bibiical^iry^'-^MffutlanaMt Rmcrh. — ^Vcrtuc's P^ traits f Ju fy, 

^^ti'tbmm himc aichore fiso fafiadiTimo Judah," &c. with i Kings, xvi. 8— iji 
jfhff^tiUifp medico prritiinnin, dignum olim wiieic it is wi itten, " In ibt twgmtv-iin,^^ 
fymmydaf'^mper amicus, l:bciitiflimi typif Jixtb ytar (g^g^^ tD^'lttfy H^tl^^) 



-Th« oext was prefiied co fhe pof^- 
crtnr of tbe fecond pait, afitr the death 
of Willis t 

** il mic*fiifno authori pofl ram imnior* 
file opus nihil nnorcale HcXwx • tacKiiiam la* 
imiiA morMoti daoden?^ exti-emuni hoc of* 
^om prapflaL" R. B. 

T^<* Baihurft was fo rcfpirflcd by the 
ttcrary characters of his age , that few 
produ6lions in literature appeared with* 
out his acivice and approbation. 



jhe r.>ii of Baafha to reign over. Ifr^el 
in Tirnh, two years. And his ferv mt 
Z»'nri. c;ip'iLn of half his chariots, crn« 
rpircd ;ig4in<l him at he was ia Tirzah* 
d linking himfelf drunk in r!ie houle of 
Ana, (lcw«ird of hi< houfe in Tiriah* 
A««d Ziniri went in and fmote him, and 
killed him, in the fwt^tfy and-fHt/ntb 
jrear of Afa, king of Judah, and rti^ned 
in his (lead. And it came to paft, whca 
be had bei;un to reign, as (bon as he list 



The DoAor enjoyed a cnnflant flate on his throne, that he (U^allthi b^ufe 



ef healthy unvifited by the Severe dif- 
rafes attendant 10 general on old a^e» 
He loft his ntemory about a year or two 
befoie his death, and hid been fome 
time deprived ot light. The immediate 
caufe of his dcct-afe was die brealting 
t)i his thigh*bone while he was walk* 
ang in the garden ; he laoguiihed fomc 
<<iays io great pain, and expired June 
14, 1704, in his S4th year. He Wiis 
buiied in the ante-chapel of Trinity 



tf Bttafiai he left him not one that 
piflV-th ag^inft the wall, neither of hit 
Kinsfolks, nor of his friends. Thu« did 
Zimri dijlr§j allthiboufi of Baajka^' Suc^ 



Mr, Urban, Juh 14. 

00 Vili of vour numerous readeis m ly 

O not diflikc to be rcferrcil, on the 

15th article of your Review, p. 59, 60, 

to p. 98 1 of your volume for 1791. , 

The clcri^yman, of whom your in- 

Colleife with his own infcnption on a Dninttve correfpondent, p. laj, col a, 

Imali Cquare marble on the pavement, vviOicb for anecdotes, is rrgiflered io your 



placed over his grave, viz« 

^ M Depofiram Radulpht Bathur(ly M. D. 

CoL Trin. Oxon. Prsef. et EcctcfioB 

WcUenfis Docaoi, 

ohiit 

A. 0.1704, 

anal. 83." 

It is rematkable that Dr. William 
Turccr and Dr. Bathurll weie both 
praflifing phyfictani feveral years be- 
fore they l^came Dean of Wells, the 



Obituary for 1791, p. aSj.col. a. 

The font in St. Mar{m*s Church. Can* 
terbury, p. 3;.^ col. 1. is noticed b^ 
Ml. Gough, in p. 1S7 of Arcbaiologia^ 
vol. X \ but not there engr^ived, tor tb€ 
reafons given in p. ^^T]^ col. i. 

Till the fa£l c:)n be afreruinedy pw 
527, 528, ti)at Venue really copied 
trom exifling portraits many of what 
have been hitbeito deerncd as (i£litious 
figures in th« Oxford Almanacks, mere 



termer enjoying the Deanry thirty ye^rit, fpeculations on this fubjedt will n^c 

%Ti^ the latter thirty-four year&{ 1 (hiAll ^<^rve to authenticate them. With the< 

-clbfe'thts 'oog account with the four hil>i»ric events, reCpedlinK* the various 

Latin Verfis on Dr. Tui net's mono- college s, the engraver mud hav« been 

ment, which are applicable to ekher fuppl>cd from the proper fources ; and^ 

.Dean and PhyfiCMn rcrpe^;ve|y : where he could meet with leal portrait^ 

••M;.Bnus Ap|»oliiieik quonU-wiTttmcnwin ^^^"^^ "" ^"^ "" **°"^^ ^"^ ^^*' ^ 

Magnus cm I vera religioiie fiiit [arte /^''»M^*«[^ copied them: wheic no 

Morsianicnubrepeii5,m.ijoremretldidit ilium, fucli exilled, and yet where itwa^iot- 



Civis cn'un cailii regna fupeina tenet' 

Yours, &c. J. CjtA^E. 

Mr. Urea V, 7«»/ S. 

THE iiileiuon of the following bi- 
blical queAion in your very uteful 
J^flifceliany wiU confer an obligation en 
Yours, &c. X. Y. 

How IS it p. fObie to reconcile % 
Chr«M)icle$, xvi. whcic it is faid, 
•• im tbe fix atid'Sbdrtiiihjimr (jIJB^J 
''i^t^ C*t^^{y) ot the reigu of Ai* 
It^^ih^ kwj^ ot iCr^ti f^ac up againft 



ceiTiry for the purpose of the hi(\ory 
that fuch perfooages Ihould appear in 
the gcoup, he would naturally introduce 
fome reprefeotation of them. In ail 
fuch cafes aut inveniam, out faeianif 
mud neccifarily be the plan of any ar-> 
lift ; who would not, ljo\%'evcr, 'incur 
the imputation of miftake or impofition. 
Imaginary p«riiaits, in aM fuch cafes, 
would nut at ail derogate from the 
fcmpuUms nieracitv of the artift when 
confell'edly copying ft on> original paint* 
in|^^. Tb\&> &l lead, it the firm opinion 

of ^e^MTKIC^'^.* 



lounritd hj iiitrt hilli, and. opiD only 


cottage, toiheut'pcrroom, than which 


loihefea. Heie Summit linden, and 


I wa. never more plealed, «i.h anp 


Spring pin iier tatlieft y.l'n. The 


thiDK, 1[ haih a cove cic!ir<g, and 


chatn.im pUnt of Vcnut hc;ie bl.i.'ini 


h,re= ho.v.wmd->.s, Gr-lhk, iv.ih pai.^. 
tcd'glafii Ihe ch'ftinLifpiete el.j-anr. 


linproitAcd; ard, wjtli the mytite, a 


Vlncty of olhci Ihiub;, tliat 1 have bren 


of a peci.liarkii.d of Dtv.jnUiirc. raan- 


wont to chtriOi in ■ greenb'iuU, I have 


bit. "loeie ,i alio a felitl coileflion of 


here^ ind in ih« neigh bouthoo.1 feen 


books, .nd ;liere i. a 'K-eat numher of 


bn)*ing, withoqc Jhclier, ihe cntd at- 


b>:au..,u;dr*w,BKSofi;iucoum..ar'und, 


tack* of Wimer. Well m^y birtJsorge 


Mr. S. ■ iim'el'. 1 t,.ok a hule ftcuh 


BAer fend ihe lalcludiaaridii to ihe 


Southern coafl« of Drvoni for, I de- 


of U.is building, much, as ii ii of « 


clare upon my honour Xand the honour 


ptc.iijjr conlliu.llmn, your [.rcfeiit co'- 



Urban), ihii I hid no ide^ ihal'Eng- among jout ent;rnTini;i. fiiifialtl.J 
bnd poffefftd fogeuial d climaii " ■' " • ' ... 

Teignmouib 1 do not think 
rable lo Da«iilh, though u 
frequented, and h<>th, douhtkl';, 
bcr of fine trsitt of llie pieiureli 

The other place thai 1 b^' 
charmed nith a one ui the iwtt 
noAdomeflicaitd fcencLiu uc in 



compa- 
> * num- 


Ov« theJooi-wa. .Uue is ilir foi- 

lo>»ingin(cripiioiii %>li'Ch, ihougli 1 did 

not undtrlidHd, 1 iiki ■■. irauiciitied s 

" S.bi ei C,.,. ;.n.i<:Li 


|oe. 

«c been 
rteft „nd 
lagllKtt. 


"79t- 

Hklket iiiceit.bvslioril-. 

liWitS loUiui* jueimda oUifia v,»^*' 

Henc« 



594 C. Dioica. — Icolmkill, — Founder* $ Kin at All Souls, fjaly, 



Hence there is a walk, or drive, for 
a mile or two on a delicious terrace^ 
commanding the little valley and the 
houfe ; and another through the wood, 
which, by a gate, communicates with 
the pleafu re -grounds of Mam head. 

Having now fcribbled over my paper, 
I muft conclude ; giving you hopes 
however, Mr. Urban, that you may 
polfibly hear again from Incogihta. 

Mr. Urban, A'/Vt^'j ColUf^e, June 8. 

MANY doubts havng been long en- 
tertained with refpedt to canxca^ 
pitaiao^ Hudfon, whether it be the Lin- 
oaean plant, or only an accidentally fertile 
one of C. dmca^ you would probably 
oblige your botanical readers by engra* 
ving a (ketch of C. dhica, which I have 
the pleafure to fend you fpL L fi%, i) ; 
it would then appear decided, I hope, 
to the fatisfa£tion of them all, that the 
latter opinion is founded in fa£k. C 
iapiiata of the Linnaean Hirharium is a 
different plant, atad not a native of 
England. C. dioiem is common on Hin- 
ton and Teverlham moors, near Cam- 
bridge ; and the fertile variety fre- 
quently grows among many individuals 
in their ufual (late. R. Relhan. 



Mr. Ukban, 7»(r *• 

THE account of the ifland of St. 
Jona, or icolmkill, which you 
have given vol. XXV. p. 6i, and vol. 
XLIV. p. 5201 and .^ of its cathedral, 
Tol. XLV. p. 166 ; will receive an a* 
greeable iUufiration by the inclofed 
view of that ifland, which was drawn 
by Mr. Lilliman in 1761, and has 
lately been prefented to me by a gen- 
tleman of high rank in literature. Su 
pUtiLfig, 3. 

I am (brry toadd that, '*at prefent, 
this once celebrated fchool of learning 
is deflitute of a fchoolmafterj and this 
feminary of holy men wants a miniftcr 
to alfift them in the common duties of 
religion*." M. Grlen. 

CQnclyfi^n %f th$ Obftrvathns 9ft the Di- 
cijions rtjfpiQlng Ftundtn' Km mt All 
Souls College, Oxford, fr9m p. 519^ 

DOES then an Archbi(hop of Can- 
terbury, in thefe days, exercife 
that power which the Pope, in thefe 
days, isa(hamcd to exercife — abfulution 
for breaking an oath ? Had hu Grace 
laid, '* 1 am willing to comply with 
yoiir rcquel\; 1 am willing to intetpret 

*■ See Uougb's CamdCB; yoL ill. p. 71 5* 



the (latutes in your own way, and to 
fay, that, though the founder etpteffly 
gave a preference to bii relations, yoa 
may prefer j'ajirr omoni hut how, mf 
reverend brothers, can jtm, the prefent 
members, get rid of the oath yom have 
taken ? I, a Proteftant arcbbiihopv 
cannot abfolve yojy fiom that \ but 1 will 
60 til Ik ; 1 will, as vifitor and interprt* 
ter, abolifh the oath in future, and then 
your fucccfTors will not feel their con* 
fcicnces hurt by fwearing to one thing 
and doing another) they will be »«• 
JbackUd by mny refraimt^ and by the irk* 
fome fiiuation of being obliged to take 
the trouble of enquiry into the claims of 
their founder's km." 

It does not, however, appear that the 
Archbi(kop had this regard to the con* 
fciences of his reverend brothers, or 
that they had any regard to them them- 
felves. It appears that, on the next 
opportunity, in fpite of their oath, they 
elected a Aranger in exclufion of a rela* 
tion i and that, on an appeal to the 
chancellor of the unlverfity, be was fo 
abfurd as to think that interpretation of 
a (latute is oi\e thing, abolition is ano« 
ther, and that oaths are facred things, 
and he ordered them to chooie the re- 
lation. 

The members of the college, deter- 
mining to carrv their point, appealed 
from this 'deciiion of the chancel lor— 
to whom ? (ab eodem J eundem^ I 
think they c«ll it) to the vifiior who 
had indulged their former application. 
Did he rcverfe hisownoider? It is idle 
to a(k the queftion. 

It appears that the members of the 
college perfift in choofiug lli angers in 
prejudice to relations ; that ihe matter 
has been again argued ; aiid that the 
prefent archbilhop, or rather, as it 
icems, his a(re(ror8, have confirmed the 
fcutence of the former archbilhop, and 
excluded the relation from partaking of 
the provifion expreiTly provided for him'. 
Here 1 mud obferve the curious ar« 
gument made ufc of by the prefent 
members of the college : ** We have 
other Jaws be(ides the (latutes of Chi- 
chele— the late archbilhop (who knew 
better than our founder what was that 
founder's intention) has told us, that 
we are not obliged to pay any regard to 
claim of confanguinity, mndnvi are un- 
JbackUd by any otber refrainu** If any 
member of the college Ihould conde- 
fcend to notice thefe ltri£lures, perhaps 
he will fav, '< You do not ftate fairly->— 
wc arc ftUi to choofe twenty (or ten) of 



body of ttic flatulct— judging the late 
Bichbilbop'i iDJunfiiim i goud ciccu- 
lioD of hii power, and ihit ilie fame,!* 
pruJtml and atitfarj, in refpefi of (he 
rapid itcrimfi «/ ibifi of lit iln<i »f lit 
Jaundtr i^vitg a diteB Imdincy la ix- 
clud* lit trJir iffriilarifrm litfoun- 
dmuom, atd tfHj'tqiienily all freialien af 
ffllmui in lit faid lotligi, coiiU«ry to 
lttflaimimltilefCHiheit~li\<;y confirm 



the 



eof .; 



luHnn. 



e fcholan there are 
in the UDi'veillty »ho arc of Chichtle'i 
kindred, and want the afTillance of hii 
roundation, the fewer ball piirt^ke of ic. 
I) it poirible for any thing to be moie 
CODtrarif to the plain intent of the foun. 

would UDdeifland hii intent t 
Ii it poirible ?— but 1 forbear— 
If 1 mirconccivc the buniiel'i, or if it 
hai been imperfeCtty Hated, 1 fhall be 
vUd la be fel righti in the mean titne, 
having takea up To much of your valu- 
able room, I will only add a few wordi 
by way of conclufion. 

I am a member of the Church of 
England, at fiDctre a well.wilher to the 
Coaniiuticii.iaovveaablidiedinChurch 
■ad State at any man can be; but, if 
(he bcoefafiiont of the founders of our 
colitgei and feminario of leirniag nay 
be ihai taken tmy by an m/frfrrlmiiom 
^ plaia tMprca RMtaltt of tbofc foua. 



a* may Teem material, and be continent 
with the limiti which you grant to your 
corrcrpondcnit on the like occafioui. 

"In the dayi of Edward the Con> 
felTor. the manor, church, and Undt, 
of Huwilen, were ivreftcd from the mo. 
naUery of Petciboroughf, and, being 
in the king'i hindi, King William the 
Conqueror give the faid church of How- 
den, with all it! chapel), landi, an4 
appunenancfi, to William Ksrilepho, 
Bilhop of Durham, who immediate!/ 
after conferred the fame on the monkl 
of Durham for ever J." The manoi anil 
its priTilcgei the prelate retained. 

The gift of thit manor, &c. made to 
the Tee wat b* charter, Had confirmeil 
by the ikila of Pope Gregory j. W it ■ 

* Perhaps the meaning uf this is not very 

f Hift. Peterb, ij, tj4, referred to bj 
Dr. Burton. 

t Mon. AngL voL I. p. 45. Donmfday, 
in the whtde nisuior, only ■' eccMia ic pref. 
bjrter." 

§ Will.Canq.p.ca[t3mfuamdeditAUer> 
ton Ii HovedoD, itc. bcato Cutbb'to et Epif. 
Dun. 

Papa Cretoriui p. W. d« Carilei^iain 
Ep'um.Diui. l.'ra>fuaai«EidirexicetHove< 
lien, cam ceierit o'lb's Epi roaaeriis et terril 
aliit o'lh't five redditibio, S'to CwUa'tA h 
fucc. f^ Ep'it DuQ. auaortuiA KQc&daca. 
conceOic ec nibonndo nkiuuVtl. Hxcw^ 
t*m'c MS. 



596 Hiftory 9f Howdcn illuftraud by Mr^ Hutchinfon. [July, 



liam Rufus, accuting William, Bi(hop of 
Durham, of joining in confpiracy with 
bis diflident b-trons, or at lead of abet- 
ting them, in various circumftances, 
wafted Howden, Wclton, and fundry 
other poffcdions of the fee in Yorkfliirc, 
feized them into his own hands, and 
foon afterwards beftowcd them on Ado- 
nis > (Comes Cimpanix), and Alanus 
(Comes Richmont*), his favourites. 

This manor did not continue long 
alitnaied from the fee of Durham, King 
Henry I. by his charter mrikini; reUitu- 
tion thereof, with other lands of which 
the Bi(hop t«f Durham had been dif- 
feized >. Bifhop Flambird was a great 
favourite with King William Rufus, 
but in difgrace with his fucctHor until 
the compromife with Duke Robert took 
place, when he was rrccifcd into favour*. 

By ftveral records it is flattd, that 
the Bi(hop of Durham ihould hold all 
fleas within the liberty of Howden, 
%vhich he held within his county pala- 
tine, pitas of the Crown excepted i and 
that he (liuuld have there return of 
writs, and other franchises s. 

In the pleas of ^wo Warranto the bi- 
ihop claimed, in the 8th king Edward I, 
that he had a right toexercil'e in this li- 
berty all fucli juiifdiftion as the king 
held clfcwhere, except in p!cas of the 
Crown ; infilling that the f jccclTots of 
8t. Cuthbert held all roy.-il liberties and 
frauchlfcs therein tiom the time of the 
grant. 



Bifliop Lewis Beaumont demifed to 
certain foreign merchants, called m the 
records Alienigtnii^ but of what country 
not eaiily determined, his manors of 
Allerton, Howden, and Richall, f«r a 
term of ten ycais^. 

Bp. Nevil, bv commiflion, appointed 
jaftices of the peace in Kowdeoliire, 
and granted to Thomas C^u x ey, his 
ferjeant at law and privy counfellor, the 
franchifes of HoWden and Howdenlhire 
for life, with a fee of 13I. 6s. 8d7, 

In the Valor y tiken in the time of 
King Henry VIII, Howden l^mds th js: 
" Inter Rrcorda, &c. penes R m R'f 
de va'orihus temporal'um & fo. Dan, 
aCHen.VllI — TcmporaliadeHovedjn. 
Sit manerii cum red. & tirmis tam hb'or 
tenen. quam tenant, ad volunt. d'n'i ia 
diverlis viilis & villatis p. ann. 283!. 
lis. xid. P'quifit. cur. ibm co'ib's an* 
nis 40S. — vend. Fie^wt. 20^.— Gruior. 
reddit. 34s. 4d. — Tot. 284I. 15s. id. 
Reddit. re^olut. d'no reei exjiin * de 
Howd* & Howd*fljircSc f«»ljt. p. manus 
vie. Ebor. 3I. 14* — i^ro ftod Jo*i*is dc 
Biiiiv. 70s. — kc'tori S. Mirtini in 
campis pro ho!^.:ci«)d'ni Ltnur 4s. ^ * 

B (hop Barnes dcmilcJ to Q^een Eli- 
zabeth, for a term of ninety ytars, the 
manor of Howden, with its leveral 
rights and appendages, together with 
the park. Us groves^ and three water 
corn-mills, at 34s. 8d. yearly rent ; aud 
alfo demifed to the queen the tilh^ncs, 
fliorcs, palTiges, and ferry-boat at How- 

' E lihro fummi alt.?ris Dunclm. — ** Rex. Gul. Rufus accui'atum Gul. tpifcopnm Dunelm,* 
quod confencerat confpiiationi noh.lium cam, fpoliavit de Hovedcn Jc WclCun, & ali.i tei ri$ 
|n £virwick(hir, & Od(.ni & AUmo comiiibus diviiit/' Lei. Col. vul. I. p. 586. - Lei. 

3 " Rex Hen. I. per cnrtani fiiam reddidit Ranuito Ep'oDun. omnci illas leiras unJeeirn 
<Iifleiyit, ic qu.is ccpit rtx io m.uui fua apud Sanitvim Albacum q.ianJo lUi corooatus fuir, 
in fctto Pentcc ftes, Ccih't AUertoram, Hovcdenam, Wcllcii.i-am, U Crrca'n, &c. ndeo iri- 
legre ct plene ^!cut aliqms Kp'us ea unquam mcliui 1/uii. M.A. zd pt. 84V," Micklclon's MS. 

Nova concertio (Ncvil ) p. K. Hen. VI. 

•♦ S:e Annals of Bp. Flambard, Hi(h Durh. vol. I. p. 14:, antiilie records in th2 notts. 

5 " Ttna apud Htivcjeu die fci Mauricii &: die fnjuei.tc p. Joh'^-m rtrgem Phioepoc 
lurii J. '"id. Duuelm. eu'iS. Q'd jwflit U debet p'/itp.re o'/a pl'ita qnac p-Ttinent au vicecom. 
infxa linert.u. fuam de hovtden. excerptis pl'iiis coronx. Et q'u h'eat ib'm nitorn. brcviimi 
ct alias libeitates. P. a** 54 H. IIL m. 10. et cfvh. Hcu. II L N^ 33, P. ii" 17 Ld. IL pti. 
%. m 22. 

<' R. 'tichil ep'u<: pl'itavit in Quo. Wr.r. .nn. 8 Ed. L Vide Crake. 
. ** Vul. inq ca|)t .ipiid Eh:»r. 8 td. 1. d.? io \V.ippynt;.k. de Ilonicn, &c. inter U(Tc Sc Der- 
■went, & qua; fcrvicia U de quibus tenentui lerrjc, fci/t 33 ViUae m Wap. pr«d. i rcg. d. 5s 
cap. !8 .. 

« Le ar.de Howden in com. Ehr-. ferra der.iand. in com. Pun. Cr. jar. 141 4th Iiift. 219, 
a2d Ed. IV. jnr. p. 61." Mickleton's MS. 

6 •* LotU)V. Dun. tpu dimifit ceitis mcrcatorihus alienigenis m^iieria fua de Allcrton, 
Hoveden, & Richall, pio X.aiinis, ubi didus tpu h*ct je:. brevnim 6c al. 1 h'taies regales. 
Turr. Uind. p. 1 . Ed. II. p 2. m. 21. — 2 rcg. u. & cnp. Dun. 80." Mickleton's MS. 

7 " K -t. cl. m. 1^^ 19, 114, iiS. Concellio cp'i (Ncvi!) Hiomx Qiiixley fttrvieni' ad 
legem Roh'ii i-pi Dim. ac jurifpcriti de coiiciUo fuo omnium franches, &c. de Howden Sc 
HowdeuOiire (fic dc novo concefL ep'o) pro viUcum feud. 13L 6s. 8d. Rot. cL m. N** xq. 



in the hrf) xilunie vf l1:« H'tlory of intiiiinii'.n in any pan of hit »ork >vh« 

Duiham, louthir^ BiihopKirkham, a. Iliis Mtlhiin' wai; or nocicing ciihci 

rxfe fiam the rcauing of llic inlcripiicn Kirkh^m m Skirlaw. 

in Ho»(Itn church I Far, ilic ^uilioi of At ihc ISMil-^ivcft pillar oF ihc fiee. 

lhai«ork had not then rv.:n ti.e mo- pie thtre-i)..* Iiet 3 (l.^ne, foim erf like 

numLni, and made his ailcnixn from a col?in, oF veined black limcflonc. verf 

a urieiy of authoriiits bcf.m- liim, and poitdcrous and Urge; the greaiell part 

lie plafcd confidence tlisrcin, m 'iicy oF it it ab'>ve ihe common pavementj 

«ie[e fuppoi.tJ b) W.'Mi.Vn, n monk iiF tlie I'l'per tdgn are carted off, at the 

l^ch■Jult,^vh., ^ai m..,t ;ikd) I,, know floiie-cu(t.r'sti.rm iij anil on the lop It 

the truth than the auihoriiiet D. II. re- a cioFs Elotfe ; an infcipimn is cut oa 

fen 10, to uhok wo.ks I do not lind ihe'nsftow till-t. c-ufiU by tak.ng or 

lei'ure lo rtftr, ihouEli 1 greuilj doi.bt canting off ihc ed^e of the Itoiic. It 

D, H'l eredibUiiy. liti in a daik tiiiiKii*!., and the infcrtp. 

Kiikham died at Howden, Aug. 4, """ c-nnoi be perfcflly fecn on the cad 

ij6o; Skirhw <n (40;. li n,,^lii be and fide i;ext to the pi.lar When I 

tnutb tlie praflice o( ilj>>fe ^imei lu de- vifiled Howden, and enquired sfitr rhtl 

pofit the boneli of great pctlanaKCl l>i"nun^ni m paiticular, 1 wal aJrHed 

tthete they died, and lo en.b-U ihe by the curate and Mr. Sav-gc, and the 

b..diet for their inte.ment »t a .litiani mCcripiMn **( then copied iMth afen. 

place and i«,iod ; lo the bo.v.l. „i both ""n, fe' KG^UICSCUN T f ICCKX 

Kitkham and SkJria-v moll probably UlSLiCR. DG iJC' Q-Uu'DX' 

ivtie laid m Hoivden chntcli : tlic au- &c. The woid riquiijiunl n lery laint, 

thorny oF Le and, Itm. 1. ;8, it n<.i to and Fame of the leitcri almoll obiite. 

' Micklclon'j MS. * RiH.cl. A.N" 14, 

i LeL CoL VOL 1— Dr. Burton 1 
Fi ;u'k, er<|. of the tiate oF 1670 ; 



1 coulJ give a regular Iticccili.ui ..f lcoefcal<, cl.rks uf Ihe hamlet. bailif& of Ihs liberty^ 
receivers, ckrki oF ihe m.iiket^ ami ksepcis of Ihe gardens, Biiiucios, *t\J ijaiW, ■•in.'n 
vtlier officer'/ freia tlie reiuids 01 tlie cuuiu of Durham i bttl Uiey woaU be a u«^oaU'«L 



59* Hiflory of Howdcn. — lUmarU on Conviyanee of Sound. [July, 

rated. After the word Dt comes in the As age advances, the faculties are gra« 

fradiure of the (lone, and not one letter dually impaired, particularly the fight 

of the proper name is left except the and hearings. As much of the enjoy« 

|a(l and tranfverfe line of an H, and the ments of [\h depend on them, ingenuity 

character TT, which are pcrfe£lly dif- has been happily employed in contri* 

ixtiOi. It is alfo to 4>e obferved, that ^jng the means of lengthening the hap* 

the Saxon chara6ler was generally ia^ pinefs they afford. The means invented 

ufe in 1260, and very little in T405. ^n fupplying the defers of the eves 

Leland, unfortunately for us, does h^^t been attended with fuccefs. The 

not tranfcribe the infcription. Mr. means of giving relief in deafnefs have 

Goueh fays, that the *vifcira Wmlteri "^t been attended with equal fuccefs* 

Skirlaw were under Si flab* infcribed The trumpet ufed for this purpofe, 

fepiliuntur fub boe faxo, &c. This though it affords fome relfef, is attended 

could not be the fame done defcribed }^ith fome inconveniences. Some relief 

by Johnfton, 1670 (that being the ge- is obtained by putting the hands behind 

neral date given to his MS. by Burton), the ears, and raifing the external parts 

iwho gives us the words d^ Kirkbmm into a cavity which may cotle6l the im« 

quonJam Dunolm, &c. perfe£l ; and it is pulfes of the air, and dire£l them to 

to be prefumed he read the infctiption the ear. 

before the done was broken. JohnAon In old age, when the mind is limited 

placet this monument at the North-well in its purfuits, the view of approaching 

pillar of the iieeple, where we found death naturally turns the thoughts to 

the coffin-formed ftone which is before religion \ and in that line the attendance 

defcribed. Where Mr. Burton found on the public worfliip in church bc- 

the infcription *vifctra Jordani dt Mi' connes not only a duty, but affords the 

tbuam I cannot conje£lure; there was mind relief under the infirmities of age/ 

no fuch monument at the North pillar by its reliance on the divine protection, 

^hcn I was in the church about four In this cafe, an impaired hearing be* 

years ago; and he only gives the word comes fenfible of the effe£l of a very 

nnfttra in his MS. in large chara£lers, fmall difference in the diflance of the 

Jordani di MttbuoM is in the common fpeaker, whofe voice is much more dif- 

chara£ler in which his book is written, tinft when in the reading* deik than in 

tnd perhaps was fupplied by conjecture the pulpit. We do not in general re* 

or mifiaformation. flcCl how much the voice or any noife 

I have trefpaffed very much Upon extends on a level. Of this Dr. Frank* 

you, Mr. Urban, knowing your Maga- {*"» that ingenious obferver of Nature 

sine has always been open to juftifica- in all her operations, informed me of 

tion as well as information ; and am *n inffance. Some years ago the inha* 

forry to fee your liberality fo greatly bitants of Philadelphia had a new bell 

abuied, under pretence of a defire <* to imported from England. In order to 

refcue Mr. Savage from the vagaries of judge of its found, the bell was raifed 

upftart Antiquaries, who feem to de- on a triangle in the great (Ireer of that 

light," as your correfpondent D. H. in- city, and Oruck, as it happened, on a 

iiouates, *' in new fpeculations, and un* market-day } when the people coming 

founded affercions, and bring difcredit to market were furprifed at hearing the 

on the fcience of Antiquity by the flou- found of a bell at a greater diftance from 

liflies of pedantic language.'* Thefe the city than they ever heard any bell 

farcafms are illiberal, and pointed too before. This circumffance excited the 

perfonally, but merit nothing more than attention of the curious f and it was dif* 

contempt from your much obliged con- covered that the found uf the bell, when 

fiant reader, W. H. firuck in the ffrcct, reached nearly 

■ double the diflance it did when raifed 

Mr. Urban, Junt 13. into the fteeple. From London to 

IF you think the following hints may VVindfor-caffle there is but little difle- 

bc ufeful, pleafetogive them a place fence in the level ; and this it probably 

in your cxteniive publication. the caufe that, as it is reported, a cen* 

m tinel on Windfor- terrace counted St* 

* Thi$77.i^ and Infcription were no wliere Paul** clock in London flrike thirteen 

to be found, or any iottlligence gained of it, inflead of one o'clock in the morning* 

tvith the ailiilance of the beforanentioned The centinel, hearing the clock Arikin|; 

genthntMn, and -othtn aboQt tbe church| more than one, cxciied hit curioGty fo 

wlioa we were time. much, thu Vit did idlox. axifciid \ft\i\% \i^- 



6co Elizabethan JVriU—pnlverJity of Cambridge vindicaud. [Jufy, 



gyvcn poour too oour cliaunccloour too 
ni:<kc (^out furh and fo many wry ft (as 
too hir. dial' !-c thoiig!it go* d) too ,ib- 
juM ucfoiHCon and mooui innvf (the con- 
fu'»itrs of iwecrnes) too rhc U^l^w fcis 
and de^rrts of Arabia Pitrofi. uppm 
payn rtf fyvc Jr.^ndcrd del'piKhrs too 
ihcir terror ai,,! c-.n-tiiipt o\ tl^cir tur- 
trjcnr, \\ thcv ^'■?inpr.iny pa: tor ynour 
hoous atravn Ei:'oyni.ij{ voou too the 
eui'>vmcnt of voonr own hoous ain! de- 
I'lshfi wirh'Viuc inciT'ory <»f ar-y luottMl 



rcoueft of vnidicaring truth from the 
often too powerful Aafts of litiicuic, 
vii', J truH, be Aiflicjcnt motivt-s; The 
Reformer, as before oblirred, ^ftei ha- 
viDk'^ favoured his humble fcivant the 
C^nr::b with a few compliments, b'lrfts 
out into this fu«Mcn inierrop,ition, 
" Dut what is all this to the qireftion ?** 
It would have been a very f"rtun,^tc 
circumftance hid he thou|;hr of enqui- 
ring into tf'at particuUr before he at- 
tempted to reply 5 for, if I had miAar 



accident or wrrtc*»td pdveifuv. And ken him, as hjs alfertions tell me, why 
for that >oou have p-fn lo good a 'cr- did he perplex himfelf with what did 
THHt loo coiiion Tranquility we co- not concern him ? What could be hit 
mam d Sol ice to gyve *oow full ^nd morive? Certainly he, whofe bread is 
ppcifull pofftfTion of al ?nd eurcy pjtt replete vith e.nbrvo knowlci'te, could 
thereof: nor d;:pring un.:ll orur favoour not be influenced by any pillion like 
(th^it e rrhn:henclyncd to.> voour mtt k vanity lo enter the liih w«th an anony- 
narnrc) havcaflurtd voowpcHS inthepo/- jpous oi fcu.e Johiiian. Gtniusof in- 
feffions t* CHrof. Whearin wc comaund j' red Gunta, aril'c, and tcl the mighty 
a-1 c-urts Within :!'»c premgafvc of c•^ulc I But why invoke ttiee on (o tri- 
oonr hvgh favour too f'we yoow no in- *iil an occpifion ? Let us hallcn rather 
terrupc n, .'.nd ihys under the pivn t\; • x.imme the proo's, jf any, brought 
afor'fivd ihcy {\^r\ not omitr. Telle by lii:- fa^e Reformer niranft mc. io 
meip'a apud Tvbollt decimo die Maii confute what he Ij.i.h been picaltd to 
anno rcj{in n'ri tiicefiipo t'cio, number Pio^ .iiri.*:! the fi.ft. thcie ii 

(The Great Sval ) P. MaRBURY." not one fmplt 3rt>ument prc»< uced ; as 1 
— ihould raii.er imagine that ih, le Iddb, 

Mr. Urpan, AZ/i"'** 15. to which an individual harlj Ixcn aa 

WiJRN i wrote to you \n Jtnuary eye witncfii, and of whofe cci'ainty the 
lafi refpc^ing the Cambiid^c addition l confirmation o^ tu ic lar dc- 
Audies, it ivas n(»t my intentt«)n to have '''~ - * •• • 

troubled v^u with a fccond letter on 
that fubjcdl, being almoii certain that 
the fa-* Sk then adv-inced by me would 
rot be eafily C'»ntrovtrtL'd. The reluit 
Lath b'tn T;:recHbIe to my prcdiiiion, 
as tiic Ref >irikci's icplv hath fullvtvin- 

ccd» Tins genrlcma», after h-*ving old gave ot his txJfience, Cot^itu, cgQ 
filled a coiifiderab c portion of his eflay fum, Wiih re-^rd to the lecond Pio- 
with not tlic moft cmdid remarks on a pofition, if his idle fntcrs be derm<.d 
po<)i Johmufi QdUAh (^'ht tiy\\\\cx John- 
fonian \^t\n^ ?x\ erro; of the p-ef^) hrfih 
not, with ail his extent of kno..ic:!ge 
imbibed from the Phi ofbphcr of Na- 
ture, been able ro ovcithrow a Tingle 
circunjftarce that occurs in my epirtlc. 
The ilorid (lylt, fo apparent in his 
compofition, will no doubt tind its ad- 
mirers; but, when truth ;s the obje^^, 
wc fhould not fuflcr ourfcUes to be de- 

ceivevl and led rtway by any falfe gloffts , ._ ^ 

or glittering cmbtlhflimenis of Ian- queiies: ill. Doc Wic rcmemberto have 
flU'.ge. Under a pcrfunfion then that hc^rd that, in a 1 the variuus af^Js kept 
indubitable fa£ls, though aukwardly in the public fchools at Cimbruige, ont 
txprelFcd, will ntvcithclels mctt with a or mo^e mo;al quellions conOantl • com* ^ 
<3uc recept on in the brcatt of impartia- pole pait of the cxcrcilc? Agam, Does 
liiy, I muft beg leave to make a few it fluke his memory that, previous to 
more oofervations on the Academick, taking their firll degree, the qucfliocifts 
>Jo v.; and, for ihcir infenion, your are examined in the fenate-houle itfelf 
cMudour, Mr. UtbsLD, joiaed vviik my by lUc moiA«ta'.Qis> «t oili^^^t ^^i^vtvted 



monHriion may be af* !jd, u-i^ht be 
mcuiioncd by bin, vv.c;i)bt '^ny dea of 
his vcrafiry bco g ci-ied in queflion ; 
thouj''", p^'^h^ps, the Aca.lcmick may 
be poilui'-d vvirb (udi a ',Mrit of 1. • pti- 
cilin, as even to Le dubious conccrninjr 
the etidencc \*h!ch tl'e philofoplier of 



fl»y com'utation, I give up the poiuc. 
Agv.nft the lall he advjnccfU what^ 
fn.rrd facid, hath fome l.rde relcm- 
blancc loan argument; as he then aC- 
(erts, *• that, havi.ig foi Taken niy unte- 
nr.blc fortrtU of ptilon.il knowledge, 1 
have prtfumed the exiliLncc of a /a;St 
in fititen colleges btcavjlc it is conftf- 
fedly iruc in one,'* Befoie any reply is 
made, liic Rerormer is defired 10 an- 
(wer, without ev.ilion, the following 



K' iveeviEicvNT vtcaxx i net KiRiCHx'QvoDi 

Bvwolaia: . i". « pi : oiva->« i^ 



S 793*1 Pk t nm n i ^i t^ tmifeiij Hdzf^ fitn at Sia, ij^g. 6oi 

pcrfcmt, •• well in Locke, at in other tinguifli the delufion from reality. The 

fobjeds. Taking it for granted that he forlaken rock, 

4tt'a decifioa, whether tbole gentlemen J" 7*' * thoufaod mimic formi to af- 

had their knowledge in thefe walks of ["««« • |P« principni. of which only are 

lidmce inm reflation, infptration, or ^•^ de'inctred (fig D, E. F. G.) 

tb^ like lapematuralmeana» or whether' ' *• *" another part of the varied 

l^iKi^ more probable tbiit they received lce»«rrf « confiderable extent of ciiC 

BillMr i«lbm*cioii from college leauret, ^^ '^f ^^^ near Conquet, whofe height.' 

■ n y a a from leauret which mutt have "*****'' **"**' appeared but moderaiia 

JR: litdidc1ivercdiii>ur/iv«collegeacirhalli. vom our Aation, acquired an appifrnii 

■ Thus the ingenioutargumenr, adduced ^^cvation that »at really aftonifliirig* 

with fucb an air of triumph, it Vi»niflied j^"' ^^"^ **«» «*»ii aftoniOiment increafcd 

into its original infignificance. Having by the appearance of floods of water 

BowvinriicatiBd myfelf. J Ihallbiaadiett gw»>ng '^"h, and pouring down its 

to the Reformer, with obfervinfr, that pfecipiioui fides in mighty torrents, ri- 

V even now, namely, 'in No. V, hit ^»li»ng» or rniher furpaffing, in the 

meaning be rightly underttood by me, gwndeur of the fpe6lacle, the-moft ce- 

it mutt be eonlelfed that his intentions lebrated cataraas in nature I 

of reform may be pleafing enough in .3* A large infuUted rock, fome 

theory, yet neverthelefs not liable ui ">»'*• didaot from the continent, tbo 

be reduced to thofe parpofes Which he ^^f^^ appearance of which had no- 

thinks them capable of. Should the thing peculiar to aitraa our notice, (hot 

Academick wiih to know my reafons, i <>» a fudden into a vaiicty of moft curi- 

future leuer ihall convey them to Mr. «us and fluking forms, reprefcniing 

Urban from A Cantab. mflgnihccnt buildings in puios; and, 

. what added lo the bcau»y of this glori- 

♦^* Tbt Umr nubicb defcrihtd tht o^s fpeitaclc, the I'c o/f/^aff^iry rocks were 

JbeUi engranftd in plati I, fig. 4, 5. 6, 7, ^[ * chariiinig white colour, and many 

AirJimg bfen umlnchity m^fi^id wbUfi tbi ^^ «he fhapes rliey affumed amazingly 

/gtirts 'Uitre emgraving j nve rtqu'fi tbt «^cg,int and captiv,jting to the fight. 

favour of •ur c9rrtfp$ndfnt to Jurni^ U$ Tf'^ fpUndour of the whole Iccnery 

njuttb aMdbtr copy of bh txplanattou. **'** inconceivably heightened by motio'^t 

II I or the rapid fucccflion of varying images, 

. A Bf/criptJon 0/ a ?banominon tauftd by '''^^^*' conferred on the whole a flriking 

Ha:u, fun at Sia Aug. 10. 1759, h "l"'*"?"' realizing to the enraptured 

tbi Rrv. Samuel D.cfeenfon, LL.B ?«^' ^hate.er the wildeft fl.ght. of 

tben CbapUin of tbt Dunkirk Man of ''*"^? Tl^ ^^ 'I?* P'^?*^ P^^^'^^r «nd 

War.under Command of Captain (nonu wonderful operations of preternatural 

Admiral) Digby, nonj^ Hi^or 0/ »>«"ng'- The cfteft upon the fpe6Uto,s 

Blymhill, r«/A^airir/ye/ Stafford. r'" '\^*^ "«y n^tur-lly be fuppofcd. 

' Scarcely a man or boy remained below 

THE Dunkirk was lying at anchor the deck the whole t:mc of the appear- 

off Coifquct, upon ihc coaft of ance (which, from rccollcftion, is be- 

Briuny, in France, being ftaiioned there lieved to have latfed near two hours), 

by Admiral Hawke to watch the French AfT joined in the moft pafliooare excla- 

fleet in Brett harbour. The flate of mations of aftonifliment at a fpeaacle 

the atmofphere in the morning was fc- which the dulleft and rood infcnfible of 

rene. About nine o'clock, the following mortals could not behold without cmo- 

wonders of vifion began to difplay them- tion ; a fpc^aclc which, whether we 

felves to our fight : confidcr the ftupcndous magnificence of 

s. The rock (A), reprcfcnted in the the fccnety, or the cxTaordtnary con- 
annexed drawing (plait JI. Jig. 1), af- currence of natural cAufes in the pro- 
fumed the figure of a double pyramid, elusion of fuch an elfc-a, muft entitle 
the uppcrmott inverted (8). This in a this phanoincnon to a moft diftinguifh- 
Ihort tiaie fcemed to ftparatc, and float cd rank in Niiure's wonders. 
away in the air, as exprelfcd in figures I fliall leave to th-jfc who are better 
s, a, 3, foriuing an image fo vivid as Ikiilcd in the icience of opticks to ex- 
mocked the powers of the organ of fighr, plain, if ihey can, by what combvui- 
unaided by the rational Uculty, to dil- u'vji of aerial minou (mcV\ vitt'iSi'i ^^^ 

0£^ T. Ma g. yif/f, 1 79S' V\V0^1 



6o2 Gintkmin Farmers^ mat/rsaliy Benefcfljrs i9 the Puhlici. f July^ 



Jikcly to h^vc been prorfyct-d 5 but, to 
aid their enquiries in lonie mcafur*f in 
this ;)rduous ta(k, (hall ol>f«rvc, ih.it 
the admirable ii>pcarancc of the c-^iara^'.t 
and fctnery, dcfcnbed under the lecond 
head, Icfcrns to have been cnufed by the 
rrflt^ive pn\«cr of iquatic /J^<r^»y*i. .K^-^- 
cd upiin by tlu a;;ira:ed \*:«vi;'» of the 
ocean, or the foam and I'-uf whi^h 
bjc»kc upon the fliore, investing the ob- 
3c<^, a^nd dilplaving It in the form of 
vatt floods rolling wiih grmdcur inex- 
prclfible down the atljaccnr cliffs. S*-e 
Craniz, H ft. of Ciecniand, vol. I. p. 49. 

The drawinj^ only exhibits the tirlt 
appearances dcCcribcd in the firfl part. 

The term hcze, p chxed 10 the forc- 
goini» account, is ad(»pted from ihe 
phr-ife then ufed by the Tailors, perhaps 
impioperlyj for, there was not the 
leaH appearance of mill or fo^;, ^-r 
thiikncfs of at'nofplicrc; on the c()n- 
traryi the air fctiHtd ur.coiuiiionly cit tr. 
Yours, &c. S D. 

HAVING heretofore found admif- 
fion to your valuable Repertory 
under various fi^naturcs, and upon va- 
rious (ubjct^s } and as it profifledly of- 
fers itfelf as the oracle to every ufeful 



from rhtf kttp of fuperfl'iouf iBcn and 
fupeitUious holies, and fiom a kind of 
rfuijiiif.aiion anjon^rt the fortner, that 
the latrcr Ihatl waHe as much, ain! do 
as lirtl", as rht:ni(c!ves. It therefore 
(hoiiid be rhe riill »^i»je<SV with the >»cn- 
ll=man-t.j:mer, ijud iuvleed wiilj every 
other fa'nicr, u* <: Jcavour, by mecha- 
Dtc^i i:l\\\i^nct, ,,:•'] o« 'he utniof) exer- 
tion oi ii»^fi»u.tv , j.b.iiv^ ion, ^nd cx» 
peiiment, to k;" 'J;:a':^li the ai>ricultu« 
if:l profL'li wul» as !'^,^:l a pri)portioa 
of aniuihl power as p«iilil)!«.. In oider 
to this, the prtfcnt ngt hath been pro- 
dudiive of m.<ny ultful invention^i^ 
which fctm to bid fan in time to pfo» 
n»otc ti;is dcTiiab e t)ljj;.^l. Amon^d 
many ritjicts is i\ni of the d'itUplougKt 
or maci'inc foi d- pukifi;* .:r.rn »t an 
equal dcptii, and in tq^al piopoitioo, 
under tiic ruiTaec of ti)c ctith ; whence 
are dei i cd iiiany r*>^i<»j^ and inanvceco- 
nomical <idvjr.i..^^c:s, as w.li incuntro*' 
vtriiU.y ap^Crtr from a p.rafal of the 
didcicnr. irc'iiiics wimh Uwe ixren pub- 
iilhcd iiprxi ti.e (ubjer.t, and to whicit 
I be^ to Jublcnbe my own experimental 
tcflimonv. Tncrc Uill, however, were 
wantiDj^ the me.-.ns ot bringing 'thefe 
michinef witiiin the (\ale of general 
ufe by Jimpl fiatton and ibeapnefs^ ao4 
by putting into ttte hands of the huf- 



fciencc; I Dcyv come forward upon one ^b^ndiiun an inftrununt at once eafily 

" * '' • • - acquired and as Ciiiiy ufed. This is a 

p»i4)t at which I have long been la- 
bouring, and witiih, 1 belevc, 1 hare 
at length accompli flic d. And as it ii«u(l 
be obvious that lind, when brought 
into a tilth futliciently fine for drilling, 
mul\ luttain much injury fium the tr^m* 



which to me is mofl pitafing, and to 
mankind rood ufcful, that of ag^icul- 
turi. 

It hath erer been an obfrrration, no 
KTs lamentable than true, that the ^#«- 
f/r«itf«-farmer, as the ruttick is pieaftd 
to call us, '* can make nothini; of it ^'* 



and that vvc ought not to <onlarn our- pi^^g ot hories, independent of the ad- 



feUcs with what doth not belong to ui. 
Bit they«vill pleafe to admit, ia the 
firft place, that the punuit ia us is at 
kaft a laudable oncj and that, by try- 
ing experiments, and making improve- 
mcnrs, which may not fo conveniently 



ditional cxpcoce and the ncceiTary at- 
tendance upon them while performing 
this office, I h-ivc proved to demonltra- 
tion that It .nay (in grcat'iiieafdie) be 
done without ; and witii this view I 
bring forward two limple maciiines up- 



fall within their department, we are on a cont\ru£^ion entirely new, pra£ii- 



fowing the feeds from which they ul 
tiirately enjoy the harve(\, aivd derive 
the progreliive advantages. It certain- 
ly, therefore, feeras g cafe rather hard 
that, whilft we are improving the face 
of the country, and promoting the in- 
lert-ft of the community, we (hould not 
be dift-iving at Uall lorr.clittlc benefit to 
ouilclvcs; and it remains a lubjcft of 
impoitant mvcftigation, why ** fuch 
thin^* are," and from what csufes theie 
inconveniences ultimately arile. 

In the ftrtt place, then, the evil, in 
great mcdlurc fceuik lu have its lourcc 



cable, ciiy, and cheap: the one to be 
u(td upon a finAll fcale by a (ingle man 
a one) and the other, upon a fc:»ie 
rom*wl(dC larger, by two men, or a 
man and a boy, whilH the hoifcs are 
employed illewhtre; and every incon- 
venience frum tramp ing the ground, as 
well a> a tedious and cxpenlive attend- 
ance upon t'lem, IS hereby obviated. 
Tlie operation is at once performed by 
one or two men walking eahly over the 
ground; and 00 horle lets his foot 
chertun till the pioducc i» taken off at 
liarvcit. 

Ia 



, lo iKiditimi to the lirill fnr Towing ia 
•naszed, otcafionBlJy, to the machine 
» b:ade for Afiii«< between the rows 5 
the good cflFe6^f of wh ch are bo lefs ob- 
YKMif from ict nururiog the g'lOwth of 
the corn, aod i>fo<fucing coKafeml 
fliooffc frotn-ibe app icanoo of freOi CoWp 
but alfb f r m its aflfordiDK the means of 
•ktirpatiog the weeds wtiich drc io ob- 
•o&ious to it. 

Of the firft of thefe inflruments I 
bftire fenc you adrautrii (pL '/•/.?• ^)$ 
ftvh«ch is the on*i; oue I have hi^hcito 
been able to obc^in; tnd indeed tbfs it 
n«'t io accurate ds 1 cnu d wiih, !t.htt- 
vin^ been taken in its infant (Vate, and 
ftrcvous to the (imjriiticaiiijn and iin* 
piuvrnifnt it hach fince undergone, it 
, <nay. however, I'eive to convey a ge- 
ne lai ide) of the titode i)f ttk opt ration ; 
and, in ti" e fur a future M-«g £ine, 
J tnav p''>liit>iy be abic to tuiniih you 
with a drawing frcm the other, with 
foiDe fkfther ouicrvaiiuns upon thit 
ft^jea. 

In the n^ean rime, at it may be uo- 
fiii ro withhold thch , and f<»n»c other 
]t tic H. r»cuitur-l inventions of ni;i«e 
fr"Mi i^tncral utility, 1 hnvc intrultcd 
llicr:. 'o a very ingenious ariiM, who 
w II ilivw ihcin, hud fp'm wliom anv 
oT vi>u» ?" icultMi.ll 3'>nc(;)oi'Jtiiis may 
be f'vjrn Ih^d \v:ili er.rcr one or the 
o'i;c. of tiicm wt a iiioi!eralc cxpcnce. 
Anu»i.»!lt ftMtrs is A rm-ill 'nfiiumcnt 
frt)': which I and my ^rscnds ha^e de- 
rived much uie, and lome enreri-iin* 
Dicni; and thi& i^ a peJomtirr, or a 
chcH^ and ftntplc invention for mca- 
fjricg land or afcertaininy d'liancei. 
Of thii» 1 fhdil hc.eaftci trniin i*^ you a 
^rawin^ ; and, in a ihr>rt time, (IiaH (end 
. toiryairirt a machine fordibbiin^ corn, 
as prd6h:cd in Norfolk, w hereby that 
. opcrat on is greatly factii'Hti d ; ^nd a;(o 
«r) inltiument for wriwhm^ Imy at the 
rick previous to loidi:»^, &c/ &c. 

Should any of y<'Ui ^gruuiiur i co*- 
rerp:>ndcni5 wifh lor farther coinniuni- 
catiou or infoin anon upon theie lub< 
jt^s, I am here at their leivice. 

By the bye, I mun n"t forget to tell 
you that my artilt live> at Ncr. 14, Ar» 
cher-ilreet, Great Wii.diniiUftrtet. I 
ihould alio teit you, iha: the Hngle 
hand-drill ha?h been Itcn and a|>provcd 
by the Bath Soc-.etv, and they htve in 
conle^uencc beto plcafed to vole me an 
honorary and corielp nding member. 
Since tlien, hrucver, 1 have very ma- 
tetially improved and iimpltlv.d it, and 
■ iuvc brought die «j(;>cuce into at laiali 



'^^Afsntmental. Fragments* 



603 



a compafi af poflTiblr/ in order to reccB* 
cde ii to general ufe, and to rMV/r/, if 
polfible, the yeomanry of this ifljnd to 
the more general praAice of this rational 
ffftem of dnli-hu(bandry. The pedo« 
meter I find particularly ufeful in mea* 
faring after my woikmen. 
' Yours, &c. James WicKiNt. 

Mr. Urban, Jum tZ, 

TH£ three inclofed figures (pi. //« 
fiS* 3» 4» 5) reprefent the frag- 
tnents of a Aone, which are laid 'in dif* 
fereut parts of the body of the church 
0/ Jflington, in Devonfliire. There 
are two or three other fmall fragments 
in the fame pavement, bu{ thefe are 
mttfl <A'rought. This (lone, which it 
unlike to any takeo fiom the neigh* 
b'^urin^ quarries, appeais to me to have 
b«-en. meant to com memo; ate a more 
thao common perfon, as there is no 
other Aone of fuperior q^iality, and but 
one of the fame quality, in tiie whole 
paveinent $ and that commemorates a 
vicar Intrned in 1539. 

1 knnvv not whether tlicfe fra^mcntt 
are of-luiRcunt importince to be en<* • 
graven. If ihes aie remains of ami* 
quity, 1 (houid ht gia<l to (cc an expla- 
nation of :hc:n ;;:vcn in ycjur Maii;az>ne. 

P. S. T..C Ihading is meant to iignify 
that time hav mjjred the (urface, and 
rendered the lu.cs indiitmcl An ex- 
pi<ination mav throw lit^ht upon fome 
other remnantk of antiquity in the fame 
church. 

Yours, &c. ViCARius. ^ 

Mr. Urban, 7/'ir 4. 

NUGACUfvUS, vol. LXI. p. 1 186, 
\y informed, that upon the pod- 
road from Stiaibui^ to Bafi , through 
Suabia, there is a (mall pod-town* or 
village, ca.led Kalte Hir^srge, the lite- 
r^l tianilrttion whereof is Co/,* Inn. The 
word Hcf'i/ergr is a very old Get man 
exprciiion, and feldoni occurs in incidem 
auihorii, or in common converrati)n ; 
IVi'tbJtnufe being the uiual term in 
(pviwikin^. and Gafibof x\\^ word mod in 
uic amon^'ii the belt authors. Luther 
always ufts tne word birbgrgg m hit 
tianflition of the Bible, which is deem- 
ed i^iiiafterU performance; and- he em* 
ploys the verb birhgr^en in the Tignih* 
Cotton of burt'Ountig, Tlifc French word 
au^'frgt probibly owes its ongin lo the 
German btrbtrge. There aic no local 
ctrcuiT^ftances which point nut the rea« 
fon why the abovcmentioned poll-town 
firii received its piclcut ap^>cUation \ 



6o4 Advantage artfing to the PMUk from the New Polite. [Julft 



but it feems highly prubahle thnt Cold 
Httrbour is t corruption of the German, 
which was introduced by our S^ixon 
anceOors. Viator A. 



Mr. Urban, JuJy 4. 

THE many farcafms uhich have 
lately been thrown our in the pub- 
lic print* ag'^inft the new police bill, and • 
f^ill more the attack made upon it by a 
rcfpef^able fenator at the clofe of the 
late feffion of parliament, may be fup- 
pofed to demand fome reply; a'though, 
perhaps, the meafure m»ght fjfely rely 
on the feniimcnis which the difpaffio- 
nate publick have from experience for- 
med of its utility. 

To free the town from robberies wai 



*793» except in a very few inftances, 
moft of which on enquiry were found 
to be miftakes. Inde<d, the number of 
reputed thieves (mofl of them of the 
cafl commonly fiyled gentlemen- pick- 
pockets) apprehended by the police of- 
ficers has been fo confiderabfe, that it 
has terrified that a£Vive fet of men from 
their ufual employment^ and in fome 
inOances may, perhaps, have driTca 
them to more rioicnt courfes. 

The beggars of London are innume* 
rable, and feem, in fpire of every dif- 
couragement, to revive like the headt 
of the hydra. Yet haS not the new po- 
lice been indolent »s to that nuif^nce. 
From one of the Wcftcrn offices alone 
more than 200 have been committed. 

Let the inhabitants of WeOminfterbe 



one great obje6t of the police bill, and 

ought certainly to be regarded as one of aiked whether they have not found a ftii- 

the firft duties of the ma^iftrate; but king amendment in the condu£V of their 



there were other evils which the new 
cftabliihment was meant to eradicate. 
It it generally believed that there were 
perfons in the commifTion of the peace 
who encouraged the litigious difpcGtion 
of the lower clafs of people, and who, 
for the fake of the fees which accrued 
to their emolument, fcrup'ed not to fo- 
ment every little uneafinefs among 
neighbours, infiead of recommending a 
pacification. 

To annihilate this proceeding, by 
bringing into the adminiftration of ju(- 
tice a fet -of refpeftable independeiM 
f entlemen, was certainly one of the Brft 
objedls of the new police ; and fo effec- 
tually 'has it even already fucceeded, 
that the felfions held for Middlefex and 
for Wefl minder, in the months of Ja- 
nuary, February, and April, which in 
the year 1792 had 2673 recognizances, 
for various difpures and oflfences, re- 
turned to the clerks of the peace by the 
inagiilrate$f had, in the year 1793, at 
the fatne ielfions, only 1247; a ciilTe- 
renceof 1426 recognizances in the Ihort 
fpace of a very few months. 

Another feivice, pointed out for the 
new police to perform, waifhe extirpa- 



public-houfes. The quarrels between the 
landlords and, the foldiers billeted on 
them are no more ; nor are any ale* 
houfes (except perhaps a few for hack- 
ney-coachmen, who work by night) 
open at improper hours. 

With how much injuHice arc the ma- 
giflrates of the police blamed for* not 
preventing the enormous outrages which 
nave been lately committed in 'the 
ilreeit ! To the three \Wftcrn offices 
are appointed eighteen conAablei, and 
to thefe an addition has been lately 
made of eighteen more. But can theie 
thirty'iix officers be expelled to gu^ird 
a di(lri6t comprifing the whole town to 
the WeAward of Holbourn*bars and 
Temple-bar, with a hundred thoufand 
houfes and half a million of people, 
when feven hundred conftablts, patrols, 
and watchmen, employed by the pa- 
rifhes within that diilria,havc not been 
able to piote£t them; and when the 
office at Bow-Hieet, who, although 
commandmg near fevcnty a£live emif- 
farics, under the diredtion and coniroul 
of difcreet experienced HMgiHra'cs, have 
not been hitherto able to fiee the town 
from the robbers which infeft its ftrccts } 



fion of pickpockets, by the operation of Yet to the utmod of their power haye 



an eflfc6live claufe which enabled them 
to apprehend reputed thieves. 

How the magiftrutes have done their 
duty, in this point let the frtquen^rs of 
the theatres and other places of public 
amufemeot anfwer. Let recouifc tuo 
be had to the public prints ; which. 



the police magil\rates ftrjven to protect 
the flrects } every meafure which pru- 
dence could di£\ate, and diligence exe- 
cute, has been adopted ; and one office, 
which th« writer of this has a particular 
opportunity of infpc^^ing, fends out 
every night three parties of conlUblet 



though they teemed with accounts of. (four in each), who patrol the Orcets 

loft watches and handkerchiefs during from eight till two in the morning, and 

iJiC winter and fprmgof iT^t ztifS 1792, report their proceedings on oath; and 

were totally aicat ia thott oi 1794 and fuch hav btcu \Vv« ^4n^w\^^« cA V!k\\\ 
4 d\^^^v\Q^« 



1793*] V^ ^^^ PiUce.^^Tbi Afigrati&tf ofStoalkws. 60 j 

difpoiition) thiit^ but one pe^on in rhc themfelvet, aod that of yonr toumercwt 

▼cry larf^e dtflrifi of Sr. Jarres; Cha- rea<1crt. 

nne-croff, and Lower WeHmiofler, has And I am forry to fee a gentleman of 

fuffcred any injury from the marauding Devon (vol. LXI. p, 1071) tppear 

vtllainf iincc the, meafura bat been fomewhat dtrp'eafed that any doubtt 

adopted ; a fpace of about twenty days, had been flatted in the paft year con^ 

The fame fpirit and attention hat ce-'ning the migratton or the fwallow. 

undoubtedly been (hewn by the other tribes. I have before acknowledged it 

offices, as the maj^tft ates emulate each to be of no moment to us, of 00 real 

other in their wi^es to (erve and pro- importance; and yet at the fame time I 

tcA the publick. cannot help exprefling myfttfpriaewe 

But this vigilance cannot lafl lon;ir, %% remain ftill to learn refpetting them im 

the conAables of the police muft be ex« this enquirinsf age. Your correfpon^ 

haofied bv their double duty by night dent before alluded to fays, ^* the gene* 

ftnd by 6^^. Nor can the flreets of ral opinion of the antiimt authors &emt 

London be tolerablf euarded for a con- to me to be more rational than any yet 

flancy, unlcfs the conflablcs and the nu- fet down, and, perbapt^ comes neareft 

merous, but ufelefs, ^vRcchineny l>e put to the truth." And then he produces 

wder fome new and efficient regulation. Anacreon, by whom we are inrormed 

More and more preffing grows every that fwallo%vs, more than two thoufan^l 

day th*- neceflity of fu'ch a meafurei years ago, regularly appeared and dijt 

and the two hundred villa'n« who, appeared in his warmer climate, and 

wirhin a few weeks', will rulh from the which were conceived by him to pafi 

bulks deftitute of friends, of money, yet f^irther South on the apptxiach of 

and of chara£Ver, and alm'>rt pardonable cvintsr. He hkewife introduces a fimile 

lor recurring to their only means of fob- from Virgil's 6th /Eneid to corroborate 

fiftence, plunder, will fatally convince that idra. This apprehenfion is alfo 

the publick ihar ihcy have already ^oo prcatlv frrengthcRcd by the fdntiments 

long neglcftcd the niofi ciTcntial ftcpto- of Mr. Wiilout»hl^y, a morffrn, whofe 

wards the I'ecurity of their lives and ar$;umcnts in favour of their migratioa . 

property. VerUS. have confiderah'e force. The obferva- 

I tions of the other Naturalif^, however, 

Mr. Urban, Fil*. 18. 1 confrJcr to be on the other fii^c of the 

IT is with reluf^ance I trouble you ciuedionj for, certain it is that fome 

orce more on the fubje^ of our fum- birds are every fpring difcover^d, ac* 

mcr-bifds. I fay witli rtluft^ncc, be- co:ding to the mildnefs of "the feafon, 

cau?c manv of your correTpondcnis (cem which are again ioft to us upon a change 

inclined to continue fiiisfied with the t<» incUmtnt weather. And this we 

various fuppofitior.s of their progcni- may inftmce in the ufcful and com- 

tors rather th^n attempt 10 inveftigate mcndibie notesof Mi. Gough (p. 1197) 

the truth of their defrination. Now, as in the appearance of martins in M««rcb 

Auguftine faid, ** if nobody afks ine laft ; of fwallows on the nth and 13th 

what time is, I know; but, if any one of April, numerous; and that for the 

a(k$ me, I do not know." Even Co it ten following days they were fcaraly 

is >vith mc, and, I prcftime, wi»h eveiy fcen (I did not fee one ih^t I remember), 

one, refpe^ling iheir certain knowledge, ort^inj^, certainly, to the fevere change 

whether the hirundines ail migrate m which took place in the weather at that 

the autumn, and to what country, \Lac\\ period. This is a circumftance very 

individual fuppofes fometbin^ which likely to happen if they winter here, as 

tends to faiisfy his own mind, but is by we know the fame caufe which' fcrvea 

no means ctpable of aicertaintng the to people the atmofphere with the in- 

q-jcftion to the edifying of his friend. fcft-tribes tends of courfe to revivify 

I do not with to occupy a column in thofe birds; and that Providence hath 

your Mifcellany to the cxctufion of im- wifely apportioned the meat and the 

portant matter, but U^r the purpofcs of mouth?. 

mental I ccrration, to promote an inter- 1 have yet to acknowledge the very 

courfe of inotftnTice ideas, and obfcrva- excellent remarks and cogent reafons 

tion and enquiry. By fuch means your of T. P. (p. 1161) in fup{>ort of their 

feveral correfpondcnts may intrcnuoufly migration. But he will have the good- 

gratify the curiofity of each ether, and nefs ro excufe me if I cannot acc\uterce 

adminifter 10 the betttr kaowlcdge of in his opinioDi that^ duv\i\^ qmx viXtvux 



6o6 Tii Jttigration of S'wu'lows — and of Woodcocks. ' [ Jalfi 

noDtbt, if they areinhah'tants of more try in a torpid ftaie, I do not fee why 
congenial climes, they lliou'd ceafe to the whole ot the-n rnij^lit not ^o rem^ia 
procreate. 1 confers his argument to in various places. Or can we think it 
be very good, and fuch as befpeaks a indifferent to their muur", euher to fe- 
critical bbferver. 1 can only fay that cure an afvlum with us for a iong win- 
we have evident proofs while they arc tcr's lepolc, or, by niii^niing, to rc» 
urith us, eren to the time of congtpga- peat a verv laborious fli/iht, and fup* 
•»ng, they have young ones; and fome port a cominuecl ferics of a *ery active 
1»roods 1 Kave noticed lb late in the fea- cxiftcnce. Thcfc two liarcs for the faoYC 
fon as to preclude their aflembiing with animal are certain! v extremely ditVimi* 
tbc general fiiglvt. Would ihcy not* lar. And yet, perhaps ^t lad it WiH 
therefore, mofV probably renew thofc be proved to dtmcolUation that both 
ofices in other climes where plenty events are true. 

ibould abound ? Or may we not fairiy I am inclined to think their number 
conclude, if they really migrate, that is rfnfiJer^biy diminiiiicd from various 
withthe«n it is fummcr all the year? caufes ; and they may probably be in- 
Bowevety 1 muft acknowledge my opi- tended as food to other creatures. In- 
sion to be, they afe far too nunicrous deed, they were formerly cunfidered as 
alreaJy for any clime 1 know, as the of great midic-tl ufv to man in many 
•ccumulation of them in Europe is io difcafes; as m.iy b^: fecn in Jamm's 
iMrodigious that I think ihcy mud dar- Di6\ianary (fee Apoi it Apodej u Hi' 
lien all the land of Nile. And yet I rundo). But the fadii^^n changes with 
never undtrftood they were at sny pe- lime in every dcpuimtr :. r;. ' there is, 
riod remarked for their multitude with- therefore, no nabiliry in li.^^ mode and 
is the tropick. pra£tice of phvficiani.. 'i^hi-re he ccr- 

' My memcry will not fufHce to men- tain (late-quacks who would inirr.cdi* 
tion the many inftances, of undoubted aiely admiuiftcr tvtn fortiga picciip- 
autboriiy, that birds of this clafs have tions to aiiiend the vigorous CoHltitu* 
been found here in the winter. But an tion under which \\c merrily live no^v ! 
amiable French author (Le Plucive), But, Mr. Urban, without meaning to 
tpcakingof fwaiiows, has the following outrage the feelmi:>s of my zealous ad- 
pa (Tage : '* Multitudes of them, as it is monifher, Sii^^la, I fincerely hone .the 
pfetendely.crofs the Tea. But the ac- ftrong and powerful arm, which this 
counts from England and Sweden make kingdom heretofore difplaved againfi 
it evident, that ((dvral, at lead thofc of the combined forces of Umted States, 
the moft t^urthcrn countries, continue will prove iuiRcient to repel fucU grois 
.ID Europe, and conceal themfelves in infult, and et}c£lualJy fccuic us fionfi 
the caverns of the earth, livctcd t«> one their application. A. Z. 

snother with their claws and bills. — ■ 

They flock to places unfrequented by Mr. Urban, Fib. i8. 

man, or even bury ihemfcivcs in the T^tlAT the woodcock u a bird of 
water.'' In fuppori of the latter part, J- pafl'age is a matter beyond all 
the writer refers us to an account given doubt ^ but whence it conies to us, I 
to the Royal Society at London, F«b. have not yet been able to learn with 
11, ^713. (See Nature difplayed, vol. certainty. 1 undtrf^and that they ar- 
1. p. 144). 1 have alfo heard it confi- rive on fcvc^al diflcrcnt pjt'ts of our 
denily alieried, that, in cutting dowr> coafts, bccaufe, at their tirft btirg feeil 
an old ireCj more iarmndtnes were dif- there, they aie uluallv found in i\ t^hts, 
covered tabu therein than a bufliel niea- an 1 fu fatigued, that they art: unable to 
fure wi lUd contain. Yrui correfpon- cfcape even from tticksand tlcjiicsj and 
dent Sigia (p. 1181) points out to^ us I am credibly informed, that they ha.vc 
Cilfifden elite as fuitable or likely for been lecn in ccnfuier^ble numbeis ia 
the winter- quarters of the(» birds, as the churcU-ya:d, and even in the lireets, 
perhaps, he iays, a U\v may ccniinue of Rye, m bailex : but in the nigbt, 
in England. And undoubrtdly, in the ulual time for taking theu flight, 
ifuch a iitOHrion, they would fooner feel they remove farther inland, and dif- 
the r«-animaiiag power of the fun than pcrfe. At their tirll comiag they are 
in many others } and tiiis may afford us commonly but poor, poihbly being 
iome rcafon for the caufe of their gra« wafted by their h>i)g journey, and fume- 
iSual appearance in the Ipring. times fomewhat fcurfy, though not fo 

As -I think it cannot be denied that ma4.h as they are before their return ia 
/k^Jotrs Mdve bct:a fuuad in ihi« coua« ikc l^un|^% U v% ^^t^^^^dL^V^c v\\^x. Uxe^ 



comt 10 ui ? or do thty pift over m lo grciter plemy, tht^ were cak«n in 

Irdand, and (here conliuut a& their ■/ I'priii^s fci in moid placet nhcre thej 

fiuialtraf I» it inipnflible iliat fomc of lame tc fred ; liui ihe greattft htvcvk 

ihcmmaycoraefiomihemot- Nonlicin of them ii rnnde in Cornwall and De- 

pjits of America r li is ot.fciv^.b:!: ihac, voiiOiire by net! hung in the wi>ad(c 

like (.'ihcr birds that a<e foTtncii [<ir long and I h;iTe heard Ih» the Exeter fijgC' 

ft'ghit, they linve ituir lioniii verv line cpich Um brouglii up rhirty doicn in a 

anil light, yet at ihc I'mi: line (inn :.lid week lo the ^ll-conluniint; ciiy ot Loo- 

flron^i lomc of <h{:n ainiolt at (mill don. So many enemiei, dndfomanf 

at I he iibt ijr a herring. enginii, are tmplo«ed to dtflroy ibeiti. 

There a.e v-ry c!c;,riy dlfT.rent kinJ» that v.iy few can return lo breed »a4 

oFihem; ivhether bicd in-idc fsm: ur' bring ui freUi rupplict. R. B. 

diire;eni cnunir'ns. the cuiirus re- 

fesrr-hei of the N.it"rsl.|} ,i.,iv li.;rtaf.er Mr. Uhb*H, Frt. iS. 

ir.editatei at prekm, J pr^lurrre, it i< ■VOUR c-rrerpondenl L. R. laU 
undetermined. I ''ol'e »Licli c;'m: to X LXU. p. 11, ii mirinformed ailh 

u* about Candlemat art dilfereni from rigaid 10 Mr. Cartic'i pulLog down 

ibeoihcis, that atnvc earlier, in f^ie, and rc-building Bcdgbury, he haviog 

in eobur, and even in iheir manner of onljr taken aivay 00c wing that confiaei 

Sying, being quicker of winE;, caking of eoach-houleb and Sablct j the buulc, 

longer flights, ai>d, a> it tvell knav.n 10 which it a good one, flili remaining iW 

fportfinen, more diliculi to bt Ihol, be- its old Foundation laid by Sir Jane* 

caule ihey do not rife fo quickly abore Hayei. Nor did L. R. confidtr the 

the rpray, but make liicir ivav for fomc, Tenlc of the word tximptar \a the ta> 

diflance among the biuii;hs. Thni f.ime fcnpiion on the plate, 01 lie muA hi>c 

few are bred here is ilry.l^<l a queOion, perceived that it wai ani Ihcr, ihougli 

bccaule the nefti and ifie yrmnf, are not fimilar. plate, that vat buried ■■ the 

tinfieijuently fecn. Thcle nre liipprjlcd foundation. The plate which he men- 

to be from wounded biidi dlldbled from lionj I ha*e Teen many years ago, lotig. 

Teiuntiiigi and I rake 'hem to be thole befoie Mr C, ur ihc prior pulTitruri, 

that are found to tarly n September, the Siephcnfoni, had the i:fl*tc, it be- 
*nd thiefly m hedg«-row«. They fly ing prtlervtd in the hoixle. V ^u\\ 

heavily, and (tldiim many rods at a be liappy i< 1 couU ^\<e ^out cut<«- 

i:m£. TbefMreofUKlirgtHfitt/Wixh {poaAtM full iB[uin)«\U>n rtoai- ^«w 



6o8 Mgraihn tf F\fh.—A Monumint for Charlrg T. [Jolfi 

^ainet Hayes md Lady Falkland ; but frefs, of tliefe fifh of palTage, is one of th^ 

It is not in niy potver ; they were before mod extraordinary circuniftaiices in all tho 

my time. He, I think, died before the Hii^ory of Nature. Wluc it is that impels 

memory of any per Ton nowr living j but ^'^^n™ ^o <""ch diftant voyages; what direfts 

I believe there are fome in the pariih (• ^^^^»'* paff^ge; what fnpports them by the 

Tery long-lived one) who may temcm- ^'^V * ;'»"^ ^hat fomeiimes prompts theoi to 

bcriheladv, and the youne lord, her T"^' for feveral feafons, one fliore for ano- 

r^*« I ^,« ««f« \^(^^J. u;-. -e T u,--. ^'^'^r, and then return to their acc\i(tomed 

Ion. 1 can only inform nim, as l nave . ^ . «• ..i t> ■ r^ 

i> j..u.eT jL-f^ harbour; are queltions that Cu not ity may 

heard, that S.r J.mcs made h.s fortune ,^^ j^,^ Philof^phy can hardly refolve Wi 

by ^ly. as indeed appears from the ^„ft ^jf^jfj ^ j ^j^.^^ ^^.j^ ^^^ ^^ 

infcnption, but when or where I can- tainty of the faas." 
not tell. The cflate was many years in 

Chancery bef«re an heir at law could be The ovcrrulinjr power of a Deity, vi* 

found to difpofe of it. . R. B. ^>^'« '"^^^^^ '" «^«ry part of the crea- 

tjon, diftingMifbes itfelf here, I think. 



A' 



Mr. Urban, Cumberland, March i6. »" / "^^y peculiar manner j for, in the 

FTER (q long a difcuirion kept unfathomable waters of the Ocean, the 

. up in your inftruftivc pages con- Variation of feafons can have no effeft, 

cerning the retreats of fwallfiws, and or a^ n^«ft *>"^ a very fuperficial one, 

tbeirmanncroffubfiftence in the winter which might be urged as a for t of im- 

moniths. their total migration feems de- pul^ve cau/c to the Bight of birds. The 

fcivedly to have affixed the general opi- queftions, therefore, which philofophy 

nion. And this conclulion is farther i$ unable to folve, we mufl of necefllty 

favoured by the confideiation that there r«f«r ro the immediate aauating influ- 

cxifts a parallel inftina among the race «"« of «*^« I^ciiy ; which, independent 

of tiflies, fome fpecies of which perform ^^ external caufcs, exerts itfelf in this 

like periodical migrations, equally manner, as being, we may conclude, 

diflant, and with as unerring regularity necelTary to their well-being, if not to 

•s any of the aeriil tribes. ^hcir exiftence; whilft, at the fame 

But I /hall take the liberty to offer ^''"«=» '^ey afford a large fupply of pro- 

yoii an cxtraft, from Dr. Go'dfmith's v'^»«" ^^r our markets by frequenting 

Natural Hidory, on fiOies of paflT^ge, our coafti. and in their retirements find 

which will afford a ftrikiog idea of ilicir ^ "^ort fccure place far recruiting their 

fimilarity in this refpecl, and which diminiOi'^d numbe.s. Tluis that Om- 

mav be new and not uninterefling on nipotfnt Being, who made and govern* 

the' prtfcnt occafioo to. fome of your «bc world, by a multitude of caufes and 

readers. Having fpokcn of fuch kinds «^«n» ^ar furpa'fing our comprehen- 

as pafs, at certain feafons. up and down fio"» difdaincth not to ex<trci(c •• his 

mers, he thus proceeds: wonders in the Deep," far from the eye 

"But the length ofihe voyage performed °f man, and fatished with the fccret 

by thefe fifhes is (hort, if compared to what contemplation of hu own manifold ope- 

h amiually undertaken b^ f»me tribes th.it rations. W. SlNGLETON, 

conilantly refide in the Oce^n. Thefe are "~ ■ — 

known to take a courfe of three or four Mr. Urban, fTtfnej, Juni 29. 

thoufand miles in a fcafon ; fcrving for prey TJ A V ING . occafion, a few diiys ago, 

to whales, (barks, and the numerous flocks JTl to be at the village of Church- 

of water-fowl that regularly wait to inter- Handborough in this nc.chbourhood, 

wpt their progrefs^ Thefe may be called ^uriofity, and a little fondnefs for An- 

fi(h of paffagc, and bear a ftron^^^^^^^^^^^ riquuy, led me into the annent church 

btrdsof paliage, both from tneir fucial dil- .'•'• Li.f . . 

pofitioo, and the immenftty of their num- ^^^"*? »" ^^I'^j* } /"^' "^^ ^^'^^^uj 

bers. Of this kind are the cod, the luiddock, J!,"'^P^'"» f " »nfcription to the manes of 

the whiting, the mackrcl, the tunny^ the Charles tlie Firft, of unfortunite m?- 

herring, and the pilchard. Other fUh live «ory i and, recolleaing that my old ac- 

in pur vicinity, aiul refide on our coall^ all quaintance .Mr. Urban was fomewhat 

tbe year rouml, or keep in the de2>tlis of the attached to fuch curiofitks, [ deter* 

Ocean, and are but felJom feen ; hut thefe, mined to fend a copy for his infpe^ioo, 

at ftated fetfuns, vifit their accuftomcd wifliing, if be thinks it unknown to his 

hauo»s with resubr certainty, gencmlly re- readers, to have it infcrtcd in his Mif- 

lurning the fame week in the fucceedmg cellany. It i« painted on the wall of 

year, and often the fame day." j^e Eafl fide of the chancel, and fur- 

The Do6lor then adds, rounded by a border, de.'igncd torepre* 

^^ TMfi Ibaed returas, uid the rt%^du ^TO' Icai a saiitbU (Ia\>« IcvMildiioc leara 



Mmitm\gii*im.'tvm»isi*e»i i»m,i te ■ for» %>. uu. mu? i^cr .<m 

'^■»*«t<Bi«J*nK;MMUiM> ennwt th* ml* QgUcr tbuTaSend inib Mr 



-' - -G«A>In ScwcjKSiiM'jFAf.aMtibcic;]. 



thfte M^ awfc ^[Ja put UMdu'th. 1 
jaAi ud TUj vUtiaglf 5clic*e [hit i)|« 



£afioiiiani of the piefcat ^f arc Tcrf 
of their predtuSoit. 



ArriMit aaltm 7 _;__ 

fasQcilHiitaB S^^ ., 

(fttoD* Mrrsftri fpolixa, onlati donttM. 

KlMat Mian pwitaiBtahdtoi 

' i>Mkcp[«b«|iduy(tibEn* 



vWa^ ezprimit : 

ilh, Uli 

tmas BAZIA1KH. 



loVidfroni loa Ugotrj ud p 
iccatina ^(it of their . predtuSt 
,Bai, vrhitcTCr Nadcfiicit it dm, to tfat 
feefioi* of our conteoiporatui, jUf. 
when •ntfrinf into the impoicut pro- 
vince of Hifiory, m fiiiA TOncUr Uil 
impvtialitj ii ceruinl* tMul^to. .If 
the iiuJUtor It ona of thojjt who ait 
devottd (o troth, fnm whuetet qunncr 
It cone, 1 hc^ to Ice xa BcluiowltdceB ' 
fiMBt of bii HTOt.con*cj«d to ihe pnb- 
lick through foou chaooel of ioEotini- 
lioa ai extcotuul]' citcalucd ai |»ur 
.MiCcellwif I and, if ^it work Oumii 
fiU thronah a ftcoad cdiiioo, the tao» 
■•cai ftOSgt will be oaBceled. W. F. 

Mr. UaBAir, JJ^trtury, Jmmi tj. . 



' 1 coppcr-plitr — "• ■—• '" - - ■ - 



I arch under 



" TbooMi Meloi, nepoi, ilDmnul', Alex- 

atu)ra Ikl^re 
avmcoks Mseoeniti fuo « faceeQoribtu foil 

Roc qood e> ipfe f ui, mortalis uterqiar, pecioila 
Jifaitmu, *c &!• lu morlae too. 

Sic erfo vItv iiI quum morieTB fapsrflc* 
Vita Ht in caAii nan moritune tihi. 

That thaw an iron' ihs fame wai j 

Andthow lykewife dull bier if. 

Lt^o fethx whc lbiM« heofa doeft wid 

Timv auift have thjn Ihii ha ' 

Obtil Alisai 



r. Hoolc at aa ibl* 
, 1 cinDot but Jaroeot 
one bat given ui a complete 
<a of FctrRFch'i pociical worki, 
1 wit led tolhere nBcaiooi bj the pc- 
lufal of a Hiajr theei of ao Italian cau- 
logue, where I caumented .neat fifty 
differeot editioQi of ihit poet'iwoiks, 
citbEr whole, .or in pait. How Orange . 
it ii thit he hai oever jiet appeared in 
an Saglilb dccfi J Some itigeniout gen- 
tleman hat Biven us a beautiful ll'ieci- 
men in aa elegant traolUiiDn of thirty 
of hit foottett, and ibree oF hit adei, iti 
« fmaU Tolame printed torOaviet. The 
LVvii ij'diajulil [eafnaibiigentlemaD girei, in hit Ad- 
' ij'7-" TcnircmEDt lobii book, for not itaniU* 

Pcthifit fome of To«r correfpoadiati ling (he whole, oatncty, the difficulty 
will inform ui who wti the author of of the talk, majr be with hioi unao- 
the former iafcription I %ad wh^iher fwerablci andceriaialr, difficultiet ex- 
tbcra are not other* nf a fibiilar tkatarc ccpied, it would be narniallJabour,.a* 
in other part* of Bngltad. From the Fcuarcb't work) ooniain above joa 
fljrle ID which it it wriiicn, we cannot fonneii, .bcgdii many -odea, Itc. Sec. 
fappolc it anncodeni to the Reftoration. But hit other rtafooi we <aL laaft wiih 
Yoari, iic, W. F. me) rather an arj^timeHl tor a geoeral 

P.S. I fliould aot haic troubled >-oii tranflaciun than a^ajnlLJi. Fcira'ch, 
with a Foftfcript had I known io what canlidering ttieiimei in v>hich.bc livcd^ 
other maaoer coMTCDicDtlf to point out wit a phAnontnoa in literature 
an eiaar, I «vill not call i( a wilful mif- fecnit tu ba«c poilcffcd a 
Tcprcleniaiiao, in the new traafUiion (cAfibilii)>. Ardvi^t aud lomanLic in aia 
M 8r^ A WmrvilUt Tear thcough ideal, ]ret.hit,|entimenii arc lb betvi- 
.^■eriea. The anon;>inouf rnodaror^ Jul, tbat I 40aECVi« ^ (wtA u>Alb»A& 



rcQiftd 



6}o Cafimir ?— Tbo. Walfoii i-^Bi^grspbUal DiHimpry^ He. [Juljr, 

of hit poetical remtint would be a taIu- the luthor of hit Merooirt, hit girea 

ftble acquilition to the Eoglifli remder of ut a lift of bit workt, with thi datet of 

poetical talle: and I the more wonder their publication $ and Mr. WingrcYe^ 

thatiiofuch thine hat appeared, at be the publiiher, hat given ut another at 

wat the faUier of the fonnetteert i and the latter end of £e book : but I rt- 

tnany, who write in that way» woufd do member to have feen an advertifenient 



well enough to take him at a model. of his works under the title of- Cjchi 

Atmany, like me, majwiihforinfor* tbifis, in ten volumes. Now, upoa 

mation in fuch things, if you would in- compariitg chofe lifts, I cannot make 

dnige my enquiries, 1 ftioutd be glad to out any order of arrangement, which 

be informed, whether CaHmir the ?•• there muA have been under that title { 

liih poet's works were ever tranflated nor is there any mention of any uniform 

into the Englifii language? His fame edition of his works in his memoirtf 

- for the elegance of his L^tio, and the therefore I fliould be much obliged l% 
beauty and fpirit of hit poetry, toge- any gentlemai^ for information^ whe- 
ther with the (logularity of fo great a ther it was an uniform edition of hit 
Northern genius, makes a more familiar works that were printed ofi^ together 
acquaintance with him defirable. under that title } or if it wat only ao 
In Mr. Steeven&'s new edition of arrangement of fome particular volumet 
Shakfpeare, he mentions a Thomas under a general title ? and if fo, what 
Watfon as *' an elder and more eloquent were the particulars, and method of 
fonnetteer than our great dramatic bard, arrangement? 

At I never met with his name before, Three or four years ago, Iunderftoo'1 

and I believe it is but little known, if that Profeffor Martyn was engaged ia 

any of your readers, Mr. Urban, could the colle£lion and arrangement of ma* 

' furnifti ut with any account of him terials for a new edition of Millar's 

through the channel of your Magazine, Gardener's Di^ionaryi and that be 

it would confer an obligation upon the propofed to make it a jperfeU bounical 

lovers of Englifh poetry j among whom, as well as gardener's dictionary. Thin 

I make no fcruple to fay, I am not the plan, well executed, muft render it m 

leaft ardent. very valuable and ufeful work. It 

In Tol. LXI. p. 308, it a letter to the would doubtleft much oblige manj 

RcY. Mr. Morrifon, which Jntimakes who are interefted in thofe purfuitt, if 

that he wat employed in preparing a the learned Profeflbr would inform 

new edidoik of the Biographical Di£^io- them, through fome public channel, 

nary. It it a very ufefal work, and I when they might expe6^ its appearance^, 

have been long wiihing for a new and Yours, &c. T. Woolstov. 

improved edition of it^ and (hould be 1 

pleaied to learn that k was pobliftied. Mr. Urban, Jum 7. 

The pnbliiher would do well to haften X SHALL not ufe a fajbionablg word 

it if it it not already out, as there it •■> by laying I wat *^ very forry" to read 

now fubliftiing a paltry comjpilation of the deceafe of Mr. Jeftireyt in your Obi- 

that kind, which, from the ipecimen I tuary, p. 381, though I felt fome re* 

have feen of it, it very badly eaccuud ; gret that he did not live to complete and 

yet it may hurt the falc of the other, enjoy the reward of hit labourt 1 yet, 

which, with all itt faulu in the old edi* on recoileAion ef the many almoft ia- 

tion, wat a much better book. furmouatable obftaclet he muft have 

I have been lately much amufed with met with, the fpace of time unavoidably 

tha lift of that great mathematician, required, and the ezpencet neceflarily 

Emcrfbn, prefixed to a new edition of attending fuch a purfuit, together with 

hit tra£tf oa mcdiaBickt, &ic« He was hit feelHe conftitution ef iMxiy, one 

aitoctther a vary fingalar maa, and a would rather rejoice at his releafe from 

woaatffuJ pfodigv of geniut in his way. a talk which there was little probability 

Ifit workt, which comprehend almoft of accompliihing. The << benevolent 

the whole cfardt of the mathematical charader" who buried him fuppofcd 

fcitaoftiu are excelled by very few on rights ''that he was paying a tribute to 

the different fubjeAt which he wrote learning and genius." Poverty is too 

upon ; but the truth it, hit inveftiga- often the companion of learning-— lutle 

' tions are in general too condenfed, aod enquiry it needful to prove it. The 

his demonftrationt too concife, for a diftreilcd ftate of Mr. J's circuroftances 

fludent who has nor a dtcp penetraiioa. may occafion fome iurprize among t hole 

0r m tutor at his clb^w. Mr. Bowes, % SiatiutmoKV\^Kt^^a^7^^5P* £01x7 



in^l TASr^Uti ^t&^.^rmiJfijaitfrf Strifu ts t 



«to \amm fib fiwcds \m i^oflttftiai for, 
Ui •• TfBfdw^ Oiiiiiti'* F^ich WIS 
fcilf i unwiiifht fobfcripkNNi. and aM>« 
Ihtf i^iffMmwB.cii the il«liicf)r of tht 
b^olU He baft ctrtaialr ^ollcAed fere- 
nil IbUcri^tipiit ip a. litw kouVty afid 
M lK$t«r I«cm6 chefoHowing day ;. 
Itirae k awj appta' fiifpiciowthat the 
hn% hm mnt Ibafe jrecaivc4.weR auDt 
frad^rlf BMuiaccd* Bm he,, as is «ifu« 
ally tbe chara&riftiek of fach men^ 
wa ao cecoaoiuftf he had no method 
is pcciwiery matters ; amd hence be was 
wMij IB poverty., wkliout proof of ek- 
irataga^oe, it hciag giten to irrcgulao 
fides of any kind, llad he indntged iii 
■ayexceft, the toague of feaajdal wqnid 
Ml have haep mere IcAicnt to km than 
t^ other men i. reporu wcaild hate 
laiead around biaa« aa4 hiafelf pro. 
daioaed an impo^jori bvt fnch was. not 
the cafe. Wherever ha wandered, he 
lound fqipportt and oftentimies di^r 
gnlflicd-enecmy from his naafloming 
pnanner, and .rcaarkahie n^odafiy of 
4eportmcnn 

Few particulan concerning him will 
perhaDS now appear^ as he left nothing 
of in formation txhiod him except bis 
two books of fabfcriptionsy in which 
were, a few years agO| foroc introduc- 
tory and recommendaiory letters, the 
/gait of which fecure them from fufpi* 
don of forgery. There were alfo a few 
papers, of which 1 know not tbe con- 
tents, as I did not deem my (elf em- 
powered to orerreach his conndence by 
iofpc^king them in his abfencc. 

One n\ bis books was for fubfcribers 
to his *' Archxolo^y }" fur this no mo- 
ney was required. The ocher book 
was for his ** Traveller's Guldt j" for 
this baif-a-crown was paid, as before 
obferved. I now take my leave of the 
fobjed, obferviog that my atuchment 
to him arofe from three caufes— ^«niie^ 
im dijtrtfs'^^ Bni§m, and ao Amtiqhmry* 
Yours, &c. J« H. 

P. S. I wifli to corred an error of 
. your compofiior'i in my laft, p. 4oS» 
. coJ. a, I. II, for "mentioned" r. V4UM9l» 

^r. URBANt Juwi 17. 

STRIFE, like a peflilencc, may be 
traced by the havock which it makes. 
'ETtry rank and every Aation of life is, 
at times, vifitcfi by this plague of foci- 
ety. It embitters d^meftic Icenesi.it 
lows the feeds of evcrlafliog enmity a- 
moogft the inhabitants of an obfcure 
village i and p)uBgi$ whole oztioos into 
fiiAim sod difcotd* ^olomoa U^m, 



M 



the b^ghiviBff of ftrife is af when Me 
letceth osit water." . l>aily ttperistee 
furaifiiea tta with but too aiany 1 



qieii to tha tmth of the fimiie; ivlikk 
UroDgly fmUits out the aeeafity of ai- 
.tendmg, ip the caution which acaooma* 
nici ft— <* therrfoie leave off coatsanoii' 
hcfbre it W meddled mch«" 
, If the .finallefl fiffure he made in tfatf 
HKNittd wbieh confines the water^lt will 
(boo .foiiEe for itfblf a wider paflagei 
andy .when once the torrent is at liberty^ 
it difdaias reftikint, and canies dowm 
belare it wliatever is thrown to impede 
mtpraerels. And* fucji is the violeaca 
of jprifc. If we Bv^ it bni the leaft ea^ 
Cenainmcnt la toe mind, its coaAaac 
9ttcndaati. fQalice^ha^rtd, and reveagei 
will fooa/ercea.paflsge after It. Then; 

Kfo fic.ansnbas rnptisciim fnomeas anadk 
&cUtf opp^fiblqiie OTieit gnigae 

iertor io arva^ foreqs cnnplpk cnaspoTqiM per 
CpmftrimQsanneatattahiu* [onoai^ 

Chan^m> ^vpautsotts, erery thiajr 
that is wnahia aad dear to niaa. will 
not he. able' to check its fury. There 
arCi indeed, often the firft objeftsof its 
ragr. Tbe tcmpefi pafTes over the head 
of the bulruih, to wreak its vengeance 
on the oak. 

The maa who is carried by a rtpid 
fiream appears, to himfelf, to he at reft, 
whilft every other obje£l feems to he in 
motion. He who is hurried away by 
.the violence of ftrife is equally deceived 
both in his fenfes and his judgement. 
He ever fancies himfelf to be in the 
rijiht, and thofe of the oppofite party 
conftantly in the wrong. 

Human invention, which has fo a« 
bnndiintly fopplied the world with niif- 
chicvons weapons of deflrudion, has 
not been deficient in difcovering fub^ 
je£ts for the exercife of ftrife. 

It is a meUncboly reflexion, that 
Chriftianity, which was intended fpr 
the comfort and happinefs of mankind, 
ibould have given rile to fo many bloody 
feuds and contentions. The expreHion 
of our Saviour, *' 1 came not to bring 
peace, but a fword," has been literally 
fulfilled almoft ever fince tbe com* 
mencement of Chriftianity. ChriAiaikity 
had no looner triumphed over tbe altars 
of Paganifm, but flie became divided 
within herfelf ^ and *< h^r foes were 
thofe of her own houfebold." But it 
would be unjuft to lay to the charge of 
Chrifiianity all the bickenngs, animo- 
[ities, and blood Ihcdd'vn^, N«Vi\cYk Vaci^ 
/o much obtained amon^ CVnV^\%ii\« \\ 
4k a (yUem q£ moialu^) ^i^t^s ^>^% 



n 



6i2 hJifnduah have fhe Pnpir $/ refotmni tbeflma. [Julyt 

that would produpe <* peace on earth, our own. Urged on by rhit idea, men 

and good-will amongft m^n/' if men form partie$ to reform a State, without 

would put its precepts into practice, coniidering what ample fcope there it 

, When the children ceafe to liften to tht for them to difplay' their talents for re*' 

inllru^^ions, and to wilk in the fteps, formation in thejr pwo livea and con* 

of their aged parent, let not the vene- dud. It Ihews a (Irange degree of diP 

Table parent be branded with the vices interefled folly, in men to be fo anxious 

of her difobedient children. for the improvement of every thing but 

How wide a Beld for ftrife do politicks themfelves, and to fpend their whole 

fupply! Though contention in domeftic time in providing for the happineft of 

Hfe is fure to be produ6Vive of mifery to others in a certain neirer-to.be-procure<| 

the fools who ^ya^e it, its efefeds are Aate of perfe^ion, whilfttheirowncon* 

dreadful when it fcparates a whole na- do£k is, perhaps, exhibiting to the worl^ 

tion into two diftinQ people. It pre- a retrograde motion, and they thent« 

vtfltf the intercourfe of neighbours, aAd felyes are becoming, day after day, iefl 

deftroys fociety. It mak^s thofe who perfe^^. 

ibould unite in all the friendly offices of The fureft ;intidote againft ftrife, at 

ibcial life more perfe6l ftrangers, and well as many other evils of life, ii con* 

more aveffe to each other, than if they tei^tment ;— conrentmerit, that alchemy 

had to con^bat with national prejudice, of the mind, which converts every thing 

and an unknown language. Even whep Into happinefs I Contentmenr, in world* 

the boifterous torrent of party-fpirit ly affairs, difpofes the mind to be fatis* 

which oTerflowed the mind fubfides, fied in any tolerable condition of life; 

unlike the rich inundations of the Nile, and, in fpiritual concerns, conientmenc 

it leaves a polfonous fediment behind, will teach the difputint, whatever be 

whofe influence produces a tboufand his creed, to keep his tenets r« himfelfv 

noxious weeds, which poifon for ever and not ditlurb the peace of that hou(c« 

the'deareA affe^ions of the human heart, hold, which Chrift hath cftabltflied upon 

' At a tiipe like this, when the public earth, whh the vain difouilitions of, 

/afety requires the generous exertions of perhaps after all, a deluded imagrn»« 

united individuals, I cafindt refrain ti6o. Satisfied with having performed, 

from addrciRng the words of Jocafta to as far as frail nature will permit, what 

all difputants { whether the janglers of the Lord Ood requires, v/». to do 

the fire-iide, the doughty antagonifts of juftly, to love mercy, and to walk' 

H country coffee-room, or the more elo* humbly with his God, he will reft in 

^uent dilcontented leaders of party. " hope, that, ihould his opinions of fume 

Z roXaiTtffoi, nicer points be erroneous, the Almighty 

ir iraKTvi^s^di riu ^ ***" •L'''!^ with pity and compaflion upon 

« O, wretciied I are you not alhamed, iVcvery Vndividual, inflead of loudly 

when yottr coumrjr IS 10 fo great danger, are clamouring for the reformation of thi 

ycg not alhamed, thus to wage private quar. ^^^d, wSuld keep a condant guard 

over his own conduft, and reform him- 
Strife and contention arife from a dif- felf, then might we indeed exptSt to fee 
contented mind ; from that reftleU fpi* a golden age of happinefs and peace 
rit which is \mpatient of reftraint; and riiing upon us, wherein the mild infl^u- 
from a fatfe fuppofition, that whatever ence of Chritfianity would fu^rfedeihe 
Jays a reftraint upon the aflions is an neceflity of all earthly tribunals, and 
infringement of true liberty. Men who the general innocency of mankind be- 
hold fuch an opinion are to be informed, come the ftrongeft procedion to the in* 
that equal, if not (uperior, to the blef- dividual. O&^ELEMSIS. 
fiog^df true freedom is the proteftioii *» 
from lawlefs liberty. If man were Tub* Mr. Urban, ' June i%m 
jcft to perpetual invafion from fuperior TSR. PRFESTLEY has lately calle4 
force or 'iagacicy, the comforts of his JUr upon Mr. Burke, •* to (hew th^ 
life would-be little increafed by the fa* tit has ever written aov thing which 
vage ratisfa£lion of retaliating upon his can, by any fair conftru£tion, be faid td 
inferior. A party-fpir it often proceeds be againft the Conftiiuiion j" thus 
from a foohlh fuppofttion that we can throwing down tbe gauntict to that 
regulate the affiirs uf others, when per- gentleman, who dared iuipefk the refli- 
tsps wc at€ tfoadly uaMc td 6onduft tode of the IXoGtot*% ^vu^ ^i\fw^\v\«\.. 



Am ilr« Ptariit, fvkffto die Doaoi^ 

df mnodtnt Mnnirf^ ia-CDpforaiity to 
tW high cfatf^ir >9rilb> wbkb ' their 
haT»Hrv«Jlcf| hlBt-My t)iiak » bcneittt- • 
hi* ^ipit/ W- *ccc|it ii.chtli«iige con* 
^rcytd M fo fornal 1 manaer at throQgb 
ilw Bicdij|ai-5)f a ncwt-paptry the writer 
iif ih« prcfcK $Mttf^ acconiiiig to rh^ 
cftihliiMnfl«tof* kBight-emBtrj, iti 
i^e mat9 hiraihle i»fiuMj of eli|uire| 
tekct m the ntuuiet lor hun» •mbtti*^ 
jMt to- br^ii Itoee wkh (6 redoubtcil 
a chompioB at Pr.'£ri«|Hcf id tnr liflt* 
Off 'CDMnkvcrfj. 

fipm to pTtf€f\pg himfeif j[at he plfalet 
to lemrit), thousfa an Ihiitaria* ia if* 
ligioo, m tncA np&'TtunitknwA \n^\* 
fSku 9ut the ttiKcrity of thit profef^ 
horn mmjmre aetertbcleft io«nacfl to 
fiifpoj^y coopeiria^ it fo be ootbiag 
fnofff thaa a laerf cover of coDreoieiic^t 
'whic)i he oaly weart (foilar to the iao> 
fivet whicjiy hewiifilyobferfetV^n^hiet 
|ifm to wear a go«va and caflbpk in the 
puiprt) the better to conceal from public 
yiew tb« ragged fpalUclothet of Re* 
publicanifin. For, high at the Confti- 
tuiion ift faid to rank lo hit eflimatioDy 
|S it not evident that he would calmly 
be|iold itf ryin, if, with our citil, he 
fould', at the fame time, aboli(h our 
prefcBt ccclel'iaflical, cflabliflinnent ? I- 
dolatroiif as he deems the Church of 
Eogtapd to be in the worihip of Jcfus 
Chrifty apd eagerf todtinkthe blood 
of Uuttarian martyrs, can be be thought 
to eotcrtaip any gi^at partiality for the 
iifier. power, i\ ho ^ncouraget her in ail* 
her fuppoCcd enprinitiet.? But it it im» 
ooifible to place hi« ideas upon thit fub- 
je6i in a ftroogcr poifit of view than the 
DoAor has bimfeif done in his Corrup- 
tions of ChriAianity, vol. If. p. ^^84. 
He there fays, ** \t is nothing but ihe 
ftUtance of the kingdom of Cnrift with 
the kingdom of thit world (an alliance 
which our Lord cxprcHly di(claimed) 
' ihat fuppbns the groffei^ corruptions of 

£hriftianity ; and perhaps we mnft wait 
irthe downfal of ' the civil powcit be- 
fore this moll unnatural aiiidiice can be 
broken. Calamitous, no doubt, will that 
time be. But what conruinon in the 
|>oliti€al world ought to be a fubjef^ of 

^^■ <'l and a few uthencooft)iro ib tar as ta 

wear a gown aa'd caflock in (he pblptt, be- 

caufe we find it convenient, efpecially as a 

• cover for a rufly'coat or a tattered pair oi 

laeeUias." Familiar JLcua's, p, s^ 

t Appeafj if, ij. • 



JaiatatatioDy if it be attepdad with fo da* 
lirablaaa cveatf May the kmgdooi of 
God aad of Chrift (tfiat which I coa* 
ceifo to ba intfadad ia the Lord'a 
tVaytr) cnily and fully eoaie, thm^t 
mUtk^kiMgd$mtwftk§mHrkik€rmm)ed 
iaMAaaipy^/artfl*' Thr DoAor majf . 
plead) IB eateauatioa o^ thit extraoidt* 
Mty laagoage, *tb# laocivet which in* 
daced <hiia to |ittcr a wiA fo dreadfalt 
a prayer {o blaedy^ hat how will it ex* 
culpate hia>> thoueh ha allege that ha 
lo&gt- for the dcpaUt evtat of tha 
dofvafii of tha civil powertf Bot froai 
^B eamit j fo'any particular foriar of gas- 
veramant aow eaifliag, but oolf«a 'p$» 
(buBt of the coaleqaeacet whidi k 
would involve^ that ke coBiemplatec it 
ia the light of a (acrifice, net a urtumpht 
I would .aik Dr. Frieillcy ia whaf 
point of view hta own confcicdfoe tella 
him that bis danaexion with Franot* 
fince the memorable aera of the Re.vola* 
tioBy ought to ba coniidercd tn thit 
country \ Hat he aot, in almoft all hit 
late pamph'letf, been laviih ia the ex- 
treme of his elogiuins on French liberty } 
And yet, not contented with denying 
the imputation of haibouiing any hof« 
tile thoughts againlt the BruiOi Coa* 
lUtution, he choofes to aifuii>e higher 
ground, and profefs himfelf one 01 itt 
warmcft admirers * ? But is it the part of 
a real lover to dwell with enthuliallic 
rapture on the charms which adorn the 
rival of her whom mod he is fuppofed 
to love, while he only uames his mif« 
trefs herfelf to recount htr failings^ and 
ex|>ole her with unmanly Inters to ha* 
tred and contenript? Dr. Priefilcy, how- 
ever, has gone r^rrhcr than merely to 
conBdcr the French as our maftert in 
the principles of civil libtrty, or to hold 
up their airy fpeculaxions as modeU for 
lefs enlighicDtd nations tu (ludy and i« 
mitate. From the elevated Itation which 
their fubJime labours afforded him, he 
has taken a Fifgah view of the happy 
flate of things, which is ihortly to iuc- 
cced Alt lubvernon of all the prefent 
governments in Europe. Of the change, 
which he fuppoles that the Englifli &>- 
yernmen't [(Uud experience in common 
with others', he fpeaks in the following 
words f:* '* Our approach to the great 
crifis of our affairs is not equable, but 
accelerated. The pretent generation 
has feen the debt of this iiation rile Irom 
a mere trifle to an amount that aJrcad^ 

* Difcourfeon Academiu\¥A\xcafC>»xx,>^A%. 
f Leiteca lo Mr. B\ukB| \). 1 ^x. 

\!ti\«axcu% 



6 14 -Dr, PricfHey's PoUticd PrincipUs fairly developed. [July, 

threat^s ruin. If the condition of other not forefecing the neceflit/ of fature 

nations be at much bettered ai that of ones, in hit Letters to Mr. Burke^ p. 

France will probably be by her iinprored 148. he thus exprefles himfelf irf per- 

fyflem of gnweinment, thit great crifit, feft contempt of all fuch fuperflitioM 

dreadful at it appears io profpeC^, 'Ui'tUhi attachments : '< When, befides the rc« 

m €$mfiimmathn divomfy f hi ivt/hedfor s duftion of the power of Crovvni withim 

and, though calamitous to many, per- their proper bounds (when it will be no 

hapt to many innocent perfont, will greater than the public good requires), 

c?rniuRlly be mtfi glorious amdhapfy/* that kind of re(pc^ for princes, which 

When Dr. Piicflley looks forward %vith is founded upon mere fupcrftition, ihall 

pleafjre to ctcdu pregnant with the Yanifli, at all fuperftition certainly will 

moft calamitout confequencet to this before real knowledge, wi/ip nationt will 

country, what can be faid in excuPs for not involve themfcTves in war for the 

bim, except that he hopes to fee beauty fake of any pmrtieuUr ptrfons •r frnm^ 

«rife out of deformity, to behold, erec- //«, who have never flie au aa equal re* 

ted on the ruins of our prefeat unphilo- gard for them ♦." In the lame tempts 

fophical ConAitutioo, rate pablication (for thus he himlclf 

^. ^ - , , - - ... .. 11 ^^»^. terms it) he fixes the ftandard to which 

twt'^ ^« '''''^" ^'^^" '^ ^"^ reduced: 

*' When the nature and ufes of all civil 
But more dire£t proofs in fupport of ofRces. (ball be. well, indcritood, the 
Mr. Burke's imputation are not want* power and emolumenu annexed to 
ing. In his letters tu that gentleman, them will not be an object fufHcient to 
p. 38, after alluding to the proceedings produce a war. Is it at all piobable 
of our anceftors at the Revolution d^t there will ever be a civil war itt 
(which authorize us, it feems, to e!c£t America about tbi Prifijintjbip of ikf 
^Iiom we will for a king), he add;, I/ffi//<;^if/4if/i/ And, wlun thcchief ma- 
^ Whenever ctrcumftances have been giuracies in other countries are reduced 
favourable to greater changes, ivtfi na- to ihcir proper Jtandard^ they will be no 
tions have not failed to adopt them, more worth contending for than they 
When America was driven by the op- are in America. If the a6^ual buAneft 
prel!ion of this country to break .en- of a nation be done as well for the fmall 
tirely from it, the Americans, (cnlible cmoluuicnt of that piefidentfiiip as the 
of more evils attending their former e<^- fimilar buHnefs of orher nations, there 
^ernment than our aaccftors at the Ke- will be no appaient rcalon why more 
volution, ventured to do a gicat deal ihould be given for doing iu" Whatr 
more, and fet a glorious example to ever idca» the Doctor may entertain of 
Fiance and the world. They foimcd a hit own loyalty, the prefent monarch 
completely no'w government on the on the throne, whom he repre£ents f at 
principles of tqualliberty and tbi rigbti. a prince that knoweth not Jofeph, nor 
§( mon^ 'without uobUSf as Dr. Price (he obligations which he is under t9 
cxpreifively and happily faid, ivitbtut him, will fcarcely feel any great degree 
hifiops,aMdiJuitbout aking,** Are thcfe of gratitude for fuch extraoidinary 
the ideas of a Trinitarian in politicks, of proofs of his deep- rooted attachment to- 
ft man* "zealoufly attached toa limited wards his family. 

monarchy, fuch as ours?" When he The peerage, another edential branch 
obferves, that the Americans fet a gh- of the ConAiiutiou, which he piofe^ef 
rious example to the %vorld by forming to admire, is thus marked out for ex* 
a governiiient nuitbout Moblijj ^Mjitbout cilion J : ** Another and mod important 
bifiops, and tvitbout a king, is it not ap- circumttance, which calls us to aticfid 
patent that, in hi» heait, he mod ap- to the proper education of youth, is the 
proves of that government which has new light which is now every where 
■one of thcfe fpiendid appendages ? burfting out in favour of the civil rights 

In his Familiar Letters, p. 14, he of men, and the great obje£ls and ufet 
boaAs of his deep-rooted attnchment to of civil governmenu While fo favour- 
the Houfe of Hanover, and frequently able a wind is abroad, let every young 
hints, that trTis illudrious houle may mind expand itfelf, catch the rifing 
hereafter be happy to look up for pro- 
tection to him and his friends. But, 
aiak 1 forgetful of pai declarations, and 

.. ^ — — • * Familiar Letters, p. 147. f P. 14. 

* FamHiar Lctteix, 1 Audnmca^ Dilcu\xK«, ^. w* . 

\b% 



J rale, and partake of the glorious enthu- 
lafm ; the great obje£ls of which are. 



tulbcl 6t dciDocracjr. 

TroBi th« above paAiivvt, ii it uofiir 
in uwdude ihiit the DoAor U ai hcirt * 
Republican ; that Repubtlciairni appcan 
to hit enlightened mttid a form of i;o- 
.vcTnmcBt the ncaieft to perfcflinn, 
whrch mt/i oationi have nerer failed lo 
adopt «hcn the timet were favouiable 

' for fuch ■ change f At philorapheii are 
all gifted men, converting every thing 
tbcj toucb into gold, if the king will 
cnafent to relign hii crown, and the 
pecn tbcir privilege) (and tvhil cannot 
Brgumcat cffeft?), Dr. PiieHley might 
poffibty be able (o form a more raiional 
Conflitution ihm that which we now 
tnjoj 1 but it would not be, at he might 
Wilh ui to think ii, the Conflitution of 
Grear Briiaia ! Granting him to be a 
little democratically inclined, may he 
not neverihelefi obkrve, ai he hai done 
IB hit Familiar Leiicrt, p. ij, that 
fingle fpecolative men, Prefbyieriini or 
AhcTi, may tie Repubiitant m tlienry, 
let very good and obedient fubjefli in 
praSice, inftincing the piincipiei and 
condufi of Mr. Hume. But, unfoitu- 
Bately for Dr. Priettley, thcpirallel will 
fcarcely bold betweea Mr. Hume and 
the modetn Prelbyterian. Mr. Hume 
wai a philofophe^, but a philoluphei 

■ who well knew how to weigh 

» JUt^etpicatBiicourlc, p. jj. 



TCgam " tiic downtal ot all the kiog- 
rfodit in the world," at tlic pioui old 
lady in Foote'i HypiKriie buaOedlhe 
(hould regard the deiiKof her children, 
no more than ibe ixlinBieM. §/ Jo muf 
faribing emudlti I i 

VetCti ai Dr. Pri.Aley hii long btea 
in the wilet of controverfy, accuftomed, 
though wounded ia almoft every vital 
part, Itill to trtSt hit haughty creft with 
proud defiaace againft hii adverfary, 
Pansfcisx, anlenfque oculist ribiUcolla , 
Ardiiiuauolleiu: p:irtvulitercuuiUret«nx 
Nexantem noJot fcque in fku iiienibn pli- 

it it not to be eipei^ed that he will fub- 
Icribe to the jullice of thele remaiks. 
He may doe condefrend to notice mem. 
At an anonymoui writer, it it ptabablc 
that I Ihall nui be honoured »ith an an. 
fwer. In ihii cafe I mull confolt my. 
fcIF with the idea, ihat ii it equally 
probable ihe Doa^^r hiiiirtll w>l] .eccive 
no greaiercompLmenc Fro,., M,. (Juike. 

himfclf with a man, thjt, when con- 



gioiis 

tioned Dy Juw. An aa ol iKiiliamcnl aiif 
five all my ptopertj to ray iioxl nei^Nnir i 
but, in thi* caLe, would not Kim, mv-lSj 

aha Common!, he n ttea vi\«is »\\\i\.v. 
najmtnr' funUiai Leuu^ 9^. ^iii<«V 



6i6 fie Rmmm/ffiii Eaft India Cmpanfs CtarUr. (Juiy, 

foundddy will not be convinced, and, the ore iffion of all proTifioa ibrChriiir* 

though confuted, cannot be (ilenced, tnity in the Indian proTinces. That it 

Yourt, &c. R. L. was omitted by the Lords and Commont 

'■ temporal it not fo much to be wondered 

Mr. Urban, Jufy 7. at; that it wai not iniifted upon by the 

THE facility with which the Ead- Bifliopt raifes in fome minds yery an* 

India Company have obtained a eafy fufpiciont. Thefe fufpicions a« 

renewal of their charter appears fo very mount to certainty, if it be true, which 

extiaordinary as not to be accounted was reported in the public papers to 

for any othenvife than from thofe tern- have been fpoken by one of them on 

porary difficulties with which the com- this occaAcns " that the publifhiDg of 

mercial part of the nation has been any religion in a foreign country wat 

OTcrwhelmed for fome time pafV. It « an unjuftifiable practice, unlefs autho* 

feems otherwife incredible, that the cized, by a commifiion immediately from 

whole body of merchants in Great Bri- heaven^ that every country had its re« 

tain and in Ireland, pofTefled of im- ligion, fanftioned by its Uoveinroeat^ 

menfe capital, and fufficientfpirityihould which it was criminal todifturb." More 

^lilently, and without an effort, permit than this Voltaire would not have (aid* 

' the contiiinance of a monopoly which He obferves, that all retieion is a mat« 

'Ihuts them out from a trade, which has, ter of geography 1 that, if you are born 

in every age, proved a fource of wealth on ttiis (ide the water, you mull be a 

to thofe who carried it on. They were Chrifiian, if on the other, a Mahome* 

told, that the trade was fo vaft and ha* un. Our rieht reverend father. goea 

vardous, that it was beyond the reach fanheri he fays, that this is the oider 

of private merchants, and would cer- of Prt>vidence, and it is criminal to dif* 

tainly prove ruinous to fueh as (hould turb it. In charity, it mull be fuppofed 

engage in it. Thus it is that wife go* that the whole Bench verily believe the 

vemments in(lru£l ignorant tradefinen : Chriflian religion to be true 1 becaufc a 

fwfris oKm damt erufttis hUmdi doS^rext man* who holds the high office of 

gltmimta vrlunt ut difart* They forgot, teacher and guardian of a religion which 

in their zeal for the public good, that he does not believe to be true, is no 

men ufually underOand their own buii* other than a difhoneil knave. Now, if 

aefs bed, and that ftarefmen are always they believe Chriftianity to be true, it 

unlucky when they defcend to the cocr* follows of neceffity that they believe all 

cion and regulation of trade 1 and they others to be counterfeits; and the Scrip- 

forgot to prove how a commerce can be ture, which they confefs to be true, 

ruinous to England and Ireland which proves decidedly that we are bound to 

is carried on by the Americans to fuch oppofe all falfe religions, and to propaw 

an extent, as, befides fupplying Ame« gate our own faith by all the boaefl 

rica itfelf, to ingrofs a very large pro- means in our power. Let it not be re* 

partionof the internal trade of the Eaft • plied, that the Apoflles had an imme* 

Indian fees $ and North America pro- diate ctwnmiflion. This reply will, if 

hably contains neither a greater capital, allowed to be valid, diflblve the whole 

nor a greater number of inhabitants, than fyftem of our religion 1 for, baptifm, and 

Ireland alone. It was an ill omen when all other ceremonies, faith, charity^ 

the honourable mover of the bill pro- nay, even the moral precepts of good 

fefled, that what he had to propofe was works, mav be evaded, unlefs what wat 

cootraiy to the opinion of every writer faid unto the Apoftles was laid unto alL 

whom he had read upon the fubje£l| I will now fnppofe the Chriitian reli« 

and when he proceeded to mention, as eion to be, what the opinion I am com- 

ona advantage of the fyflem, that the bating feeros to fuppofe it, only oat of 

trade was to be confined to the port of many into which the world is divided, 

London, this he faid, probably, to re- all equally to be approved of, if fup- 

concile the country members to the porting and fupported by the civil go- 

fcheme, who would be glad to find that vernment. Even on this fuppofition it 

London alcne was to be ruined by this muft be allowed to be on the fame foot- 

hatardous trade. ing as learning or liberty, or any other 

I have unintentionally faid fo much excellent attamment which human life 

concerntTig rhe commerce of India; the is capable of: for, it has never beea 

defigo of this paper was to find, if pc>f. queftioned but that Chriftianity it a 

fible, through the channel of your Ma- more reafonable religion than any of the 

gMMJD€, th€ pubiie opiBiQU, M>Acermn£ otkcrsi !••• that ictj^^oadllit nearer to 



A 



1993.7 iKuir ^Mn SagtiM im lodia.— ^miiy 0/ Vefci. 6tJ 



,«fa|i k nlM tbt rtligiofi of Natart, and truth tt Dr. Priefl4c;'i notionf » and , 

'flfu^ it.fbniflict iabrc.rcar(HMible nocion* therefore k% well deferve to'bc >oppofcd. 

flf ifctaamrcof Qod» ami of oar duty It may be aDfwered, that, in tne ooe 

Sliia» nd icaclitt the dtttiea of fbcin cafe, thefe opibioos are oonne&d with 

k in the Mtnoft ^rity If then it i§ the government of the country; in the 

'the |N|rt of aa hoaeft'tnan to propagate other cafe, they are hoAile to it. Thoa 

hia own •dt^iagci» 10 Meliorate the the blind lead the blind, and bne ^(>r« 

tcin|ionl Goadidoe dF maekindj and to raption fupportt another, till the'whoie 

arooioce tbeir 'moral and inteile^uat fyftem it corrupt tbroaghput. The |;o« 

npr^vemcM 10 the tttOBoft of bit power, vemment of India, or rather the civil 

«h^ la it not-bti di|ry, when an oppor* cufiomt which nfurp the place of go* 

^ny. offcra, to propole tbe do£lrinet v^rnmcnt, it at corrupt ai its religion f 

pf Chnfiiaoitv to an ignorant and op- and it might have beeo fuppofcd that, it 

preflcd people ?; If I ha^ it in my power the Gofpcl Aould have tended to intro* 

io a)Miiih ibe Inquifittpn in Spain and duce an alteration in it, it would havo 

t^ruigaJ. to introduce the Habeat Cor* heen doubly adv antagtout ; for^ it hat - 

pipa Mrf the trial by jnr? into Auftria, been confidertd by ali writers as one of 

or to undermine the flave-trade i^ tbegreateftprmifiisof Chriftianity, that 

Afnt^t, 1 flimild abh^myfelff if. 1 it gradually difeoantcaanced, and at left 

wotild not rilk my lift to anyfach uu* totally aboliiicd, ilavery in the Romaa 

dnta^Hg. Here was evidenily a fimt- empire. * Bat» after alt, if it the go* , 

laropporttmhyy-Md i^ has been neg-f vcramcnt alone which fees a yalua oa 

leAad. by thoft who bad it in their religton } I diflike Dr. P's writings^ 

powcrt without anyii& at alU to ia** bccaufe they degrade the 890. of God 

orodace a mlich greater good than any into a mcra man,, and break down aU 

of thole joft rocfitioaed; The moral diftin£lioa between Religion and Philo • 

and intetleQual (late of our Indian fob- fophy* But was it their political ten« 

jcds (whauver may be faid of the mild dency alone which moved the Biihop'a 

and bfsneficcnt fpirjt of Hindofian) is oppolition? 1 cannot but now iufpcA^ 

very deplorable ; the proud and inipoli. what, if I had fufpefled before, I ihould 

tic infulation of the cafts, the intolera* have thought it loft labour to enquire 

ble oppreflion and fyftematic ignorance into Aich a man's religious opinions. I 

in which the lower cafts are held, the am one of thofe who think the world 

iafolenre of the higher, and tbe prodi- would be very much the better if theie 

gious wealthy luxury, indolence, and were more Chriftianity In it, both m 

artifice, of the Brahmins (things which Europe and in India* Nor is it eafy to 

powerful!y move our indignation when fee any evil likely ro arife in India if 

related of Chnftian prieftcrafi), particu- Chriftianity had been allowed an oppor* 

larly requiie the introduction of a doc- tunity of exerting herfclf there, and en* 

trine which teaches that God is no re- taring into a fair competition with the 

fpefler of perfons; and the horrible in* ridiculous fuperftitions of Brahminifm 

decency 0/ all ranks, both in their pri« and Mahometanifm. FuJEDo,- 

vate life and in their religious places — — 

and ceremonies, together wjth their fu* Mr. Urban, JuMt 10. 

perftitioB, fo exad in the minuteftar* IJAVING, fome months ago, (!itco« 

tides as to contra^ the human mind JLx vered a reinarkable tomb near 

almoft bciow rationality ; all this proves Stoneleigh abbey, iu Warwick (hire, and 

that few countries on earth have more finding thereon th« arms of the antient 

peed of religious inftrudion than India* family of the f^ej'ch I ihould take it as a 

What is it which induces a contcien- particular favour if any correfpondent 

cioos Chriftian at home, when he fees can inform me whether any of that name 

hit neighbour guilty of irreligious or ir- ever refided in this county; it not be- 

fitional pra£liccs, to endeavour his a- ing, as I have reaCon to believe, upon 

meadment ? Ought not the fame mo- record, that any of them ever inhabited 

tive to have the Tame effed in India as the antient building at Stoneleigh, or 

iA_E0gland? What was it which in* any where near it. 
duccd rbe right reveread perfon, alluded The annexed (^late //. fi^^ 6.) is a 

to above, to combat with fo much ve- drawing of the coffin or chtft filled 

hcmaoce tha religioiis opinions of Dr. with human bones. The hinges are 

Piieftley ? . Sorely, tbe lupcrftitions of fixed into tbe ftone \v\\\\ u\n\\^^ \e%^v 

India arc at Jeai^ a» eifeatirc to resjoa knd the arms certa\aVv hcVouii^d \o Vt^tt 



6i8 Hackney Cdllege.'-^ Mijcellaneotts Obfirvathns. fJo'Tt 

family of f^tfiu who, nt I am informed, to print Latin, he ihoaM have got a 

bore, t, quarterly. Or and Gules ; i. friend to have correfled gte^ into gle^ 

Ofp a plain crofs Gulei; and, for ano- ggr into ag«, and nnc intoacc, p. i70» 

ther branch of them, Or, a plain crofs' Wbifi does Mr. Rugeles defcrtbe the 

. Sable, charred with another Argent. }t.)irerhill coins, P* $'3 ^ (> "o^ St. SiD 

A Lover or AntioPITIES. the fame with St. Sptb, or St. OI}thF 

■ — Has Mr. Polwhele any accoont of 

Mr Urban, Julf m, Heanton Sackvitle, the feat of Lord 

rr^HE likbfcriher to the Collegt ai Haik- Clinton, Urelv deflioyed by fire } 

-* ##/, p. 414, tel.s you very little Your correfpondrnc L. L. p. 517. it 

newj nor hat he behaved to Dr. H«r- wrong in hit corredion of bimfelfi Ve- 

wood with the liberaUfy of hit prof if- fpafiv/ for Vefpa(i«ii*, p. 394, col# t, 

/§ft. However he might have reafon foe 1. (2. If he wants to be Convinced, let 

tefi»ring hit name to an anonymout ac- him read the 16th chapter of Suttoaiut'i 

cufer, he fliould not deem bim an etiemy Life of the Emperor Vefpafiin in Pi- 

becaufe he tells the trgib : for, that cifcus^s edition. If by Vcfptf^ari bt ' 

what both of us have advanced was true means Vefpaairr, the difcoverer of A* 

in 'the main there is very little doubt, merica, he is more miftaken. But he 

however the fritnd$ and fufpvrtert of knows beft his own meaning. 

ibe infiifMtitM may, after a late ferious p ^^j, col. a. I. 17, dele comma if* 

difculfion, unanimoufly have agreed to ter Stotim, 

boifter it up for one ytmr longer. Let Can L. E. p. $jt, ftnd no folotiofl of 

them enjoy the beauty and commodiouf^ his difficolties in the various accoatita 

uefs of their fituation (o near a corrupt of Spuch Wales lately publtflied, from 

metropoli*, which they are it liberty to Capr. Tench, LIX. 341, 10 Philips aid 

reform if they can. Their mode of dif- Hunter ; or has the change of name ^ 

ciplioe, or rather the weaknefs of it, is from Kangarou to Gimgaroo mifled 

pretty aoiorious, and the wiapoHJ of him ? 

their "arfeBar' muft, fooner or later. Your correfpondeni B. A. LVIII. 

recoil on themfclves. Let me not, bow- ^2, who^lamented the waac of patronage 

ever, be underftood to threaten any con- of young Ciotch, will noc be difplcafed 

lequeoce from without, but only to pre- at' hearing that he has been now fome 

dif^aoatural and inbred confequence. time organift at ChrilKchurch, Qtfoid* 

A CONSTANT Reader. Where are Lord M;«n%ftrtd'a diret« 

p. S. I am forry to read your corre- tiont for the (ludy of aniient and mo* 

fpondcBt L. B. S's obfer«ation, p. 497* dern hiftory, for theufeof the Duke of 

OB the omiflion of memoirs of Dr. Portland, to be £ound f 

Miles's Environs of London, as I am s. £. and J.C. are much happier is 

confident it proceeded from bo fuch their folucion of tl)e alehoufe chequer 

opinion. ^ than J. B. Such a grant at he mentiona 

1 am glad to hear an edition of Bifliop could not have efcaped our geoealogifia 

Lowth*a valuable Commentary of Ifaiah or record- mongers, 

ii foon to appear in an oflavo fize. Mr. Copley, p. 536, will find por* 

If the reprelciHation of the Village trails of Sir Benjamin Rudyerd by Hol- 

Curate, p. 508, be true, let us never Jar and by Payne, after Mytens. Sir 

more bear of the revocation of the edi£^ John Hoiham, a 4to print, on horfe* 

of Nantes, or the Bartholomew 9&, back, anonymout, in the coUeAion of 

tf Mr. Howard had fuch veneration Sir William Mufgrave, hart, as recited 

for bie native houfe that he would never in Mr. Bromley's excellent Catalogue, 

4/ If a^ ^ir/i^f how came he to prevail Your's, &c. Corrector* 



vritit himfelf to iell it ? p. $1^. 



Mr. Urban, Jul/ 16. 



Mr. tiRBAN, July 13. TN your Magazine, about three yeart 

tAM forry to fee that Mr. Throiby, L back, is a legacy of a pcrf^n ac 

in his account of U^battom, in his new Stockton, to accumulate in three years* 

edition of Thoroton's Nottingham fii ire, te buy books. A veiy particular ac- 
hes not availed himfelf of the defcrip- - 
(ioe feat to you by hi* friend, your 41 It fliould have been Vcfpafi4i«. EoiT. 
eld correlpondenr, LXH. 991, but f See a print and dcfcription of it in PhU 

bat even committed tvpographical er- Up*, Voyage, printed for Siockdale, ly^-*, 

tors in Thoroton's aukward abbrevia- 4to. I quote finom Iba Critical Rtvivw of 

jjoB5« 1/ ha could noc truft himfelf tbaC jaar. 

« ««aax 



1793'j '^ iUmnhgi/ti Tmrjrm Waltoo it Lenion* 619 

talM WM Jthm !■ dw OUnwT t )»»> .qnuU^Bu. Thf bailif unM b«. 

A« matm iBag bqW* m obmi rcco. «cr niiaige man tbia >i|[bi quant >»■ 

W lit C*> JM balp u f Qi.Qi. ^■M'- Tht Mir^uii flaugbicti 700 <U«c 

. ■ , I ■■ tBDuallr, 
Oil fijiw^i la.Wi^iljBrUgi. Slcptthcrc, Haj* 

AawfMh Ki«kinB begun. 

AaiJliMMm •!. AppraichBdUn^UA Fi*ehorrci 

OMrwfJM drawidv ■ fincle hirrow upon ■ fummcr 

*n^ I7< ^"'"'- ^V>>''<^ *lc»u>E ihe'caihcdrjl, 

jW 19-'^ tbe R«v< Mr. W \a tbe moa obli- 

Aout IcTCB . |;fBf mannrr addnflU nt*, ihougb an 

Of «r tha fMli ia godd ordir la m moC raiirc Artnittr, aod Acmcd mt ibrough 

■ttcnMa lUBMf . Thr aciho^ (open ihUmifBiGccntU-giaaC&rufitin. Tb« 

cb^J H MVtl to IM, gtTU in oppor- CcnfmaBi I bad fill mi a fnnner oeu- 

nalij of fMuki^«fcry prarpcfi that fi-m oa thii occafiaa bid rancifaiM{ 

oChi, mM ntjojrmg tb« "r«rrcfti*c cvapaMicd. Two nnnurncnit, to ib« 

bmiet and, if nBy .thiaB eao infpiea nttmnj of ib« lata Dr. Jifhorua and 

plraAng I*Br«iieaa, it mol bt idt ira- Divid Oarriih, bad juft bean arefUct,- 

««iliD( campaaioB', who hai die ma< aad ilta Ibaflaldwg ukaa dawBi iba 

acncM M At bbrft, an ingequou* ^rmer ■■ ibc espaoea of ibageDilceuK 

•Wigiag youth, im tha. bajdajr' of of itic Clofe, bj rubTcriptian, lo t>aTpt> 

^iirft, and AM tbc utnoft piaDada of tuaie tbc mcnwiry of ibair eclabntsd 

flcpcfiatiM : to maka afc of hit own lowarniaB { the other at.iha capiaM uf 

Bbrafrf be h fail* dtligbitJi and ivha Mrt. Oirricki.biMfa fiiailaT.* Tbafol* 

BDI noR pihikc of tHt laflucDce )— At lowinr epiupb, it U (•ii, wai rcquaiSad 

tfi« ion, mit With a gentleman prepa* foi Mr. " "■*" ' " '""* " 

riaa 10 le4*e lliit couDtiy forilie New . uaiv 

Worid, ■ pnfliiiontr id Lichfield. fi._,,., 

nil Mligiaut iDd poMiiejil opimoDi did Hei«, Gen"i^'br«»l» iba tiibot«T 6gh' 

act agree wilh ihe loliibiiault. He laid Beoeath ihtfa srom jow t^arrkk. Buit'd 

faewit ihconlji R. C. in ihecitT. Ha hiaart, 

bad bmughl a cnach From Liverpool lo T}i«tTei|n'il,[cliftier*,o'era>cti feeling haait: 

fetch hit family from LichBild. To And hereltwfevinucidawa'd,wbuli|paver 

bit great regret, when he armed ihcre, benign 

be touDd hi[ family had fcl off for Li- l"^'.""^ I" '".'" <»lejlUl 

veipool, aad ifaey had inifltd upon the 

Spent an agreeable (*enin|; wiih ihc 
(ColIenaB t bit vnTcrfacii 



, but aoi ufed I 
•r [hit Maibleb^adiiha pan> 



OftiB 



:UiiJi twina: 
'illi parTaJiiii ray, 

™p«- 



iDoogd Other difcourfc, he mid me he 

f reached laASuadaf at chapel for a fro* 
<k which [tartidbetwiathimandiha 
preacher oo ihe road j hit text, "Lay 
Boc up tnarurct on cinh," ice. " Did 
tbc DoQor feel embarraOed ■'' "Not 
qu'ic cool( would hWe preached two 
bouiawiiboBt beRiiiioD J the people at- 
UBitirc," tu- JUeplivd, " the till! R, 
C. wh« ever before preached to a Fref. 
b^riaa ungrcgatioo prabably."->How 
Biaar ftolicka oJF tbit kind are, praba- 
Wji coniMiticdl 

Tr««{te*. Tbe Marquit of Siaf- 
brd'* bailiff infonna me he intcndi to 
bcfin 10 mow graft tbe hrA Saturday in 
lyljp, aioc dayi later than latt year, 
Hb aUiiya cbvulct Saturday, bccaufc 
the Moweri mo& generally ^n drunk 
ikc rity after they begin. Qn accouat 
«f Saulay, thii it nckoned to him »o 
UA «^ una. Tie pric< be pajt ftr 



ilark doDil froal Want': 

tunui diy. 

And ufi hii iiLaMca, genaniiit u hit tM, 

Uid from Ihc worid, Ibi mUtfi part it fitted. 

Mr. W— — , after the moraiog ftr- 
lice, which 1 attended, kindly t<it>k tm 
thrdugh the Gallic groond where ihe 
Lichfidd Mure tnediiato I poioicduut 
the wiilaw fiid to be plaaicd by Jofaa- 
r<in I a moA Tigaroui and large plaBU 
Walked throa)(h the buufe, and pdi4 
my devotion* iMfoie the piSuie of tttc 
ditine Fuetefi. ' Mift S. not baing at 
home, I had not an opportunity at ad- 
drelliog the original. 

Sent for Mr. Frandi Barbar, ihirtv. 
five yeart ihe humble cowpaniun of IDB 
late Dr. Jobnfoa j who, wiib bit 1^' 
mily, DOW reridci at Lichfield. 

FraaciB i> about 4S, low of lla'ure, 
marked with [he fmall-poa, hii lufl hii 
teeth s appeafi aged and iafk\(n\ ^.W^ 
and oeii, but tut cloatbi lh« wuch >:'m 



«w M. wtth a& M&tr ibe teu oi Jut cloulit tXi 



green caan hit \aw m^'W* 



1 out. 



6iO A Mtte$roIogiJFs T^ur Jr^m Wallon io London. CJuly, 



time in fi(Hin(;, cultivating a few pota* 
toci, and a little reading. He lamentt 
that he has loft the countenance and ra- 



Fences, Sec. about this efbte excellient.— • 
Whirlwinds in the courfe of the day. 

Birmimgbam, Mr Hutron, the Bir^ 

miogham HiHorian, fuppofcd 5000 have 

enlilted out of this town for foldiersf 

others report double chat number. One 

He was the companion of gentleman filled his company betwixt 



S , Mr. W , and 

refpefVable good friends, 
own imprudence and low 



ble of Mifs 

many other 

throu;4h his 

connexions. 

Johnfon; for, as reader, he required 

very fmall attention : Francis bi^ought 

and took away his plate at table, and 

Surchafed the provifions for the fame. 
lot if Francis offered to buckle the 
ihoe, &c. '* No, Francis, time enough 
yet I When I can do it no longer, then 
you may." 

He WE'i hi^ companion in the evening, 
when his domeiHcks made a circle round 
the 6 re, where tlie Do£Vor chattrd and 
di6(ace<l. " Why do not you afk me 
qucftjons ?" the Doctor (aid to Francis. 
** But I never could take the fame liberty 
with my mafter.as with another perfon." 
A companion in his journeys, and at 
. Streatham, if Francis preferred Streat- 
ham i but, when London had more at* 
ti anions, he returned to London/ and 
left his mailer at Strratham. 

" You never hea«^d your mafter fwear K* 
♦'No J the worft word he ever uttered 
when in a raflion was, j^ffii dmnpbill ito^" 

The Do£tor would never fuffer himielf 
to be deiiH<i\ which often put him to in- 
convenience when bufy } on which occa- 
fions he either wrote in the night, or re- 
fired into the, country. 

Mr. Barber appears modefl and hum- 
ble, hut to have ajfociated with company 
fuperior to his lank in life. The bene- 
volence of Johnfon appears flrong in his 
treatment or this fcrvant during life, and 
in his liberal hequeft to him at lafl. It 
feems as out of his power to render him- 
felf very ufeful a« a iervant, yet the Doc- 
tor would not caft him olf on that account 1 
and, when the mafter was no more, he 
provided a (laff to (uppoit him in his 
flead : be fides, Francis is opprefTed with 
a troublefome diforder« I had to regret 
that my ihort flay would not admit lon- 
ger converfation. 

Sbtnflowi HaiL On this hrrti, on ^ 
Held in excellent tilth, under preparation 
for turnips, was laying a fuperior dref- 
ling of rich dung from the yard ; over 
which was then throwing time,, jufl ve* 
duccd to powder by nic^ns of water ) fix 
quarters to the bulheU Two ploughs at 



Monday and Thurfday. 

The fame week mowincf grafs^ after 
having palTed through Stafford, 
^ The trees hereabout aie flraneely mu« 
tilated, the boughs being lopped off. 

Crops of bsans generally very ihort* 
flemmed. 

In this neighhourhood, labouring claft 
of women wear blue aprons (Iriped with 
white. 

Slept at Henliji 

22. Where, this morning, I plucked 
a province-rofe for the fiifl time this 
fcafon. 

Stratford — caft my eyes towards that 
temple which covers the mortal part of 
the immortal Bard. Had vi fired the haU 
lowed ground *' which pillows his head'* 
on a /ormer occafiun, to pay my devo* 
tions. 

SbeptoHi. Great fummer-fair for horfeSy 
cows, fhccp, and pedlary. If we had 
not paffcd through at an early hour, the 
difficulty would have been greater than 
it now was. People upon the road from 
behind Stafford towaids the place; and 
we continued to meet crow«is prefiing 
wiiheagernefs, on foo,t, &c« fix miles at 
leaft beyond the town ; both fexes of all 
denominations and a^^es, old men and 
women tottering and limping upon flicks, 
downwards to children fucking on the 
breaft. Women chiefly burdened with 
a red cloak under their arm, and bundle 
in their hands. The drrfs of the country 
belles, almoft univerfali v, a filk hat edged, 
iilk handkerchief, r>.d cloak, cotton 
gewn, quilted or ftuff petticoat, black 
uockings, and haihcr fhoes— -one except 
tion, white flocking^ — and fwehering 
\inder a red cloak over her fhoulder, 
trimmed w th fur, the iiA of June, 
Qne old man's waiflcoat, from the par* 
ticular cloth and peculiar cut, muft have 
been made in tlie earlier part of the pre* 
fcnt century. Culottes almofl univcr- 
fally leather. 

Ju{l entering^ into this town of bufi* 

nets, met four fellows on Ihabby horfe$| 

hats upon each fellow, the crown dcco- 

work s the onci four horfcs, the other, rated with a firing, hn^ again decorated 

two ; the former m*de two furrows, the at the jun6^ion wiih a fomethiag that 

latter only one } no guider of the p'ough, was wbite ; black lank hair, funk 'eyes, 

^VcA went uptm wheels, oely when fallow complexion, and general appear* 

f/i>£j the driver did that office, aacc} thty gii^emtvmm^^\xve\'ix.Wv^t% 

> "* . ^1 



loaded wikfgoni, ready for cha Hack. 
. Hav-makinf! l»comei prccly gtoejtl. 

About the jid mile. Hone from town, 
when beginning :□ fhoor. Many luraip- 
fields Town. CaLtt with rhrec wheels. 

N. B. The form or filhion of cans, 
and the scccnt of prnaunciaiion, IceiTi to 
rir^ ■ Kiuio defiree, U I'ra chc 6gure 
of the men ind women, ibout tVEiy to. 

What cin be the caufe of jhire vaiie- 
lici <4 accent, Aoce the imcicourre of 
mn u^cihtr hicnow become fo uni- 
Mrfalf Anddoci ihe fhipe oftliecoun- 
tTT, cr ditFcieot labour, or ihe fancy of 
Ibe maker, caufe a vaiicty in ihe ciro? 
Mcthink) thc!< two idea* of lehiclea of 
found aod diic muft hare afTocUted lo- 
ge^er by a Hiangc conjun^iion I 
_ BInblim. Viewed this fplcDdid pile j 
Which hu been often and ably dt^Fcribed. 
^ On kraking upon mgi young traveller, 
tfter we came out of life houfe, he fceni. 
•d ilmoft g^fpinx with afioniOiment, &c. 
•Ml declared it would be in vain, aftec 
thil, to look upon any thing grcawr, ur 
thn could ilibrd more pleafure. " Shall 
*c Tcnira thcnf ••Nayj that would ap. 
pMr foolilh too, whca lo near London." 
A flicMnr in the moratng Caon after 
fix. Fair and rather pleafaoc (iace. 
Wind from, I tliink, ibc Nottb. 

aj. Ad old woman in her Sundajr 
drelt] Doe put of wbicb, iat-iUm ,ot 
mooBtB, qailted ptaieom, bnwa HitiF 



limeauthoihaasdiffertatioa profcfltdlf 
written on the fubjeft of felf.prlifjl^ 
wherein he hki gi*en rulctforlbc U< 
^illation oF thii nice and (lelici»tii{ 
and ha> tjuoted many exampleiiaf greal 
nien, who hi<e, on part icular occanoni, 
prijlifcd ii without offcnc*. But it it 
only in very peculiar circDmSaDcea, and 
under many reflriAtoat, that thi« (edu- 
cing ^ratiCcaiioo can at anr lime be 
fjfcly indulged. It ii noted therefor* 
at a rery difguAing praAice In EurU 
pidei, that he fo frequently intcrweavea 
(n the aSJon of Iha drama the meolio« 
ofhimfelf, when impertinentandirrcU- 
*ant tothc TubjeA. Buttfaepoeii, frotn 
their binh, feein, by the gtncral couricff 
of mankind, lo be eipmpiedfroincoiB- 
■non Tulfi I and are allowed lo fian 
occalionally from the dull path of deco- 
rum, which the greater part of mankinii 
are cunirntcd, and hold it prudcM, to 
keep. Thutthe divin* Pindar, whoia 
acknooleged lo be the EtH of ibii pri« 
tileged order *, though he dcclirca 
t/aia botjiimg It it aear/y la uiijn viUS 
madniji, \\ ytt very fieijueni id magaiw 
tying hii mvn poweii, and fpc4kin| 
coDiempiuoufly of hi> iivali : wboin kt' 
confideri merely «| crt-vii Or cbmturug 
davi), ivbde'tiecoiiipaici nimlelf 10 iIm' 
foaring tagU: 

* To XhtlJULU^IM. aiMfB KMt*l 



ilt 



Rimarh on Pindar, Horace, Homer, (Jc. 



CJ«'r. 



naryXMrcriA, KOPAKES Sti 

AIOZ m^i CPNieA eiiof. 

Hecxily, in h hofc .imple hreaft 
yatare hiahtnie inherent geniiis pourM, 

Tlie praife of wifdom may conteft : 

Kot chey ; whOj with loquacious learning 

ftor'd, f roo« cries 

Like ermvs and chattering yo)', with cl<<mou* 

Vvr(\x the bird ^ Jwe^ that'laits along the 

ikies. WxiT. 

So again t 

E<rli y AlE 
TOS tfKVi iv %xCl»9o^i 
Of fXaCff a»4« rn 

AOIOI raTi»*» yifie»%l* 

Swift *inongft the feather'd race the eag/e 
flies, 
And, darting through the vaft profound. 
Sagacious of hiF quarry, wings his w.4y ; 
And gnpes with fudden giafp the diftant 
prcv. 
While the l9ud tUnu along the ground 
Pocks here and there, nor dares ibe lofty 
Ikies. 

80 alfo again : 

Maxfs /xM 

A* av)»9iy 'viroo'Ka 

Kai tirf^v wo>leio oo^Xtfy 
T* AlETOI. 

Mark Hill a wider fpace : with vigour light, 
My a^ive lirohsthe bounds o'erleap. 
Beyond the confines of tlie deep 

The towering eag/ts wing their rapid flight. 

It is therefore with peculiar propriety 
thai our own great Lyric Bard calit 
Pindar tne Theban iegla which is 
more cbaraderiftic than the /<wMm of 
Horace. 

Of .Horace it may be obfcrved, that, 
amongft his other imitations cf Pindar, 
be has not fpaied to follow his exam* 
pte in this hatardous pra^ice. In im« 
mediate comparijian with his great ori- 
ginal he -fpeakt indeed of himiclf with 
equal mode Ay and elegance : 

Multa Dircasiim levat aura eygnxm^ 
. Tendir, Anroni, qnoties in altos 
Hiibium tra^ius. Ego, apis matins 

Mora, modoque, 
Gnu arpetaa UiyatM, per laborem 



Phinmnm, circa nemus, imdk|QO 
Tibiiris ripas, operofa parvus 
Carmina fingo. 

Which Mr. Gray, in the pafifage alluded 
to alK)vc, has beautifully imitated) or 
rather (es no^g hit %umf nvhimitftr he 
mitatiil) far furpaffcd. A boat to fpeak 
of himfelf, he addrefles the Lyre in tbia 
animated apoftrophc 1 

O 1 tyre divine, what danng fpirit 
V^aWes thee now ? though he inherit 
Korthepridt, nor ample pinioOf 
That the Theban tmgk hear, 
Sailing with foprenie dominion 
Through the azure deep of air f 
Yet 

Here he quits his orieinal t thinkinr, 
perhaps, the imagr of a little infeO, 
contrafted with the (baring eagle, as too 
trifling t and incdnfonant to t&ia, tha 
fublimcft order of Poetry. 

Bur,notwithflaoding this apparent m^ 
defly * of Horace in the prefence of bia 
mafler, at other times we find him rnvch 
lefs referved. The lafl odes of the fe* 
cond and of the third book are pro* 
fefledly dedicated to his o«a praifet* 
In the one he appears foaring with tb* 
fame daring flii^ht, as he defcribes Pin* 
dar him ft If, under the fame poetical 
metamorphofe 1 

Kon lifitatft, nee tenui fsrar 
Penn& biformis per liquidum athera 
Vates ; neque in terns inorabor 
Longius, &ۥ 

In the other he exulttngly predict bia 
own immortality, and tlie eternity of bia 
works« 

Exegi monumentum xn pereonUis, Jsc 

Ovid concludes his great work wirh tha 
fame affurcd anticipation of future ca* 
lebrity. 

Jamque opus exqp, qnod nee Jovif inif 

nee ignis, £vctuHaa, hue* 

Nee potent ferrum, nee edax jMera 

And in re>#ral other p'acet we obfcnro 
him duelling wuh fond complacencjr 

■ * It has been tlie op'.nion of many diftin* 
guiflied Icholars and critics (though Voltmira 
thinks otherwi(e) that Horace'* niodeft and 
beautiful limile of the bee (jpuke tlie rati Cen« 
timents of'bis mind ; and Uiat tlie oJes here 
icferred to were expreisly i^cnoed by biaa 
to expofe, and hold up to ridicule, the vain- 
glory of his Joi^jant ctmteropararies. So 
Richardfon— ** I dtall be exuremety apt, ia 
the gladnefs of my heart, to buffet iho 
moon— and frequently take occafidq to esa* 
mine my hat, to (iBe if I luve nut brofhed a 
ilac>." EiUT. 



1793*} ' RnUrh m Pindar, Horace, Homer, tfg. 



6a3 



OS flw ioipomajN of lib poetical cha« 
facMr* 

Thttt it appMTt tluitt1ic|ini8lceof 
tclcbraciog their owa |M|miftf it Terr ge« 
B«i»l MvUmgfi tlic votariM*of the Mule*. 
feirt thefb ctfufiooi.of flnf-approbatkm, 
thottgli 'very opcd aatf undiiguffedy are 
|ct teoipcnKe aod cl|aaiM| wbco cooi* 
pared to tlie cstrBvapat prefuoipcion pf 
the eat tier Rmnao write ri* 

lo the eafer&inijig Mirceiiany of A. 
Oetlius are pteftcvedthrKe curious em- 
tipht upoo three ancient dramacmif 
fuppofcd to have been written, each fe* 
fcralljy bf the dramartftf tfacmfciveti 
SpigfaiiiflM Nmnif 
^emwa fepeibai Campanw. 
liottales immoftales flere A f oret hff . 
narvQt Dive CanMenx Nsrvtum paecaio. 
Itaqne poUqOam cil orrinb tfaditas tKefauro^ 
Ohiiici iuatwiamm li«qaier ]atin& Ungu&. 

Pbuli. 

F l u H iioaM morte daBii* 'ft PfaHBtuf, CoimBdia 

Nfet; * [que, 

ioaoaeft deferta, drn Ri(^ Lodu' Joctif- 

It auBici ioBWieri fimol annie caaUdify- 



Pacnviiy 
vercctuitfiflimum & poriffiraum. 
Adolcfcensi tamen etfi properu, lute te faxntii 
rofat [legaf, 

Vtei ad fe afpitias ; deinde, quod fcripcu* '(t^ 
l!ic font poetae. MarecJ Faaiviei fita 
OSb. Hoc volcharo nefcius ne cfles : vale. 

The amiable modcHy of the iaft ap- 
pears to f^reac advantage, when con- 
tratted with the inflated arrogance of 
the two preceding. Nor are thcie want- 
ed inftanccs amongft other poets, where 
the wclUrarned piide of Horace it af- 
fumed wiih the greatefc delicacy, and 
moft artfal management. Amongfc 
thefe the firft, which' claims our atten- 
tion, is from the great fa;hcr oF poetry 
himfelf. The fourth book of the Iliad 
concludes with the foDouing lines r 

OAh St-* oCXiThx Ki AHrialo; e4*V X^^*^ 
Atnyt- xaO* fii^aov, ayot h ig naXAo; 

Xfl^ ikIfCj «tv\x^ $t\ttn tLSittpVKOh 9ftfr,f9 

n^nvffif ly <cs»»n^* w«f' aX>iiXci(ri rila»Ie« 
Had fooie brave chief this maitial fcene be- 
held [iiekl ; 
By Fa2lns guarded thnragh the dreadful 
Might daits be bid to tarn their points aw^y, 
Andi fwords ibroiiDd him idnocently play : 
The war's whole art with wonder lie had fren. 
And counted henws, where h« Jcofnted men. 
in faqght each hott, with third rf gloiy fir'd, 
on cTuuds txituDpiaady cxpir'd. 



If any one unacqoatated with th« 
Greek language Ihould happen to read 
tfiit paflage as it is read in the cranfla- 
tion, he may, perhaps, be at a lofs to 
difcoverhow in any degree it appliea 
to the purpofe for which it is here ad* 
duccd. .The leading, idea contained ill 
the words 1^9 ONOSASaAI, «ntfc 
which we are imnedintely cooccme^« 
and which, indeed, istheprineipal tde« 
intended to be imprefled, is fe faintl]^ 
traasfufed, or rather fo much obfrured 
by the tntroduAioa of quaint conceits 
and prettincflei, that the fentence, at 
it now Aands, will (carcely Aipport the 
obfervationt which are meant to b^ 
buih upon it* Nor is this, thtnigh at 
prefenc the moft material, the only de* 
u€t in the tendering of thefe beautiful 
lines. It cannot have efcaped even the 
mod earelefs obferver how much the 
pathos of the two concluding verfes^ 
where the contending parties are in Ho« 
mer diAinAly markicd by their refpeAtvo 
countries, * 

IlaXXoi yetf TPOHN xei AXAIHN, 

is weakened by the general ezprellioa 
in Pope, fo fought tacb b§fi. 

In Homer nothing is eafual, nothing 
idle or irr£i«itive, nit molitur igepti* 
Evciy exprclTion is pregnant with 
meaning. Thus under the few words, 

Ha^* AAAHAOin TETANTO, 
is conveyed a pathetic moral fcnnment, 
which (Irikes home to every man'< bo- 
Tom. Death levels all diftinQions. fa 
the grave, hij^h and low, rich and poor, 
friend and foe, reft promiiruoully toge- 
ther. 

Their tenrs, their little paflions o'er, 
Their human triumphs now no more. 

GtAV. 

Homer himfclf feems to have- been 
fond of this idea ; fo that we h^ve it a 
very few lines preceding. At the dole 
of the baule, two dtf^inguifhed cumbar* 
ant3| a moment before fo furious and 
vehemently adverfe to each other, are 
rcprefcnted at lad in the fame (icuation. 

Every reader of tafte and feeling will 
no doubt be furpiifed, and equally re- 
gret, that this affefiing feniimeDt in 
p9^€*i Homgr^ as it is uluallf with great 
propriety called, is no where to be 
found. On the whole, therefore, it 
may not bethought fupeifloous, nor, it 
\% hoped, prefumptUouk, il a new ^«v« 
/ion be attempted', whVcVi» w\\%ve>iit\\\ 
muy want of clc^aQce, vmi% tii Vt«>^ >o% 



694 



Rifimrh en Viiidtr^ Horace, Homery f^c» 



tJuir. 



iDore faithful to the original, and more 
sceordant to the prefent occafion. 

Had hither come fome chief, from wound or 

fear 
^the keen fword fecure, and flying fpear ; 
By Pallm led, at leifure to furvey 
The glorious aAion of this well-fought day : 
With eye approving he had gaz'd around, 
^Or ought to hlamoy nor ought defe^vei 

found. [pl^ny 

For, fide hy fide, ftretch'd on the dufty 
Lay many a Gre«k and many a Trojan iUin. 

. In thefe lines then, as they are thus 
recalled to the original meaning of their 
author^ is, it is fufpe£ted, obliquely in* 
iinuated by the poet an eulogy on his 
own roafterly execution in the preceding 
defcriptioo. The Commentary of Eu* 
iUthius evidently leads to this artfully- 
concealed meaning ; though I do not 
recoiled, thit it has been intimated by 
any other commentator. Confcioui, 
£iyt the learned prelate, of his own 
power, and knowing (agreeably to the 
fentiment of the Roman Hiftorian, & 
quift€iri^ ftf qui mlhrmmfaSa Jcripftn 
multi laudantur^) that it is not lefs glo- 
rious, nor requiring lefs of ability and 
exertion to defcribe great anions, than 
to perform them, the Poet concludea 
this book with the lines quoted above. 
XAi( rieiAst ray aiHii sv pn\o^»» %^X'*9^ 
s^ <tf$ ax in aaXXioK, jc^ fAiyaXov^nrto-li^v, 

Gqyfti, Xiyifty &c. The fpe£kator thus 
led by Pallas is the hearer (or reader) 
of the poet I who, without (baring in the 
perils of the battle, mentally enjoys 
the glorious fpe£^acle in the defcription 
which be is reading: and, as he pafles 
leifurely through the lines (i. e. pro- 
ceeds in the perufal) difcoTers nothing 
of ^aai#f'i ONOZAIdAI. I. e. to find 
fault with, or to defpife. Tom/Isc at 

«ro^f/Mf nmum f*ikx**» «^» tv rtn 
mnXtiAtum hnynvt»if xaloi wv mxcXmvn 
nm9M StafAmioi* aMtdinug ray fuix**' *'" 
piw, 9^ lAfiif ix»' Ttfv OMHPIKON 
•ve^dkrOai, nlti ix^vXMrai t^ aWla^i^- 

The fame remarks, adds the ingenious 
fcholiaft, may, with equal julhce, be 
extended to every other book of the 
Iliad. Were the reader condu£led un- 
der the fame ?ntelledual guidance 
through the whole work, he would 
find every part of this divine poem, not 
only faultlcfs, but tranfcendently fub« 
y/jne Mad beauufui. Of xa$ ;^fi^«yaiysi 
mmtJi^r^g i ro^rnvrn llmXKai t%i rm KA8- 



I 

EKAZTA rn; O/At^Kfif monnmff itm 
rvyiTey ox^lviy, &c. The praife, {o 
jullly due to hit unrivalled excellence^ 
is here alTumed by the poet with a mo* 
defty and delicacy which even the moft 
fcrupulous moralift could not dif^p- 
prove. 

Of the fame kind is a paflage in ano* 
ther author, who in general will be 
little fufpe^ed of modefty and referve. 
In the Nephelx of ArtOophanes, one of 
the a6^ori, after having heard a choral 
fong, enquires eagerly* 

By Jupiter I intreat thee, Socrates, tell 
me, who are thefe who fpeak fo fublimely ? 

n^( ra AiO( csv)»CoX» ^i ^^«^ay n*i$ aa* it 

Ai ^Ocyfa/xiyat rtfro to ZEMNON ; 

On which it is obferved in the fcholia, 
that the puet is here^ covertly praifiog 
himfcif ; when by the mouth of Strep* 
fiades he calls the fong of the chorus 
fublimi I for fo it really is*. But rhrow* 
ing this commendation on the a6tors in 
the drama, he thinks by this artifice to 
efc^tpe the danger of offending or dif* 
gutting h'is auditors by repeating his own 
praifes : 

AiXa$tI«»(f ^xcri^^ ixvlcy ivaiyti, ££M« 
NON fiypii Xiy»y to fAiXs^. ir» 'yoi^ Ttflt 
aXifOi;. Ohro^ icatyot isr» rss Ni^iXac 
T^iVMy VK oii1(k» ^o^liKOf mat. 

It will be enterraining and not unin* 
flru£^ive to obferve with what confum* 
mate (kill and wonderful art a great 
matter,outofthe rough materials, which 
he found in the old fcholiafi, has raifcd 
an elegant and highly finiihed eulogy 
on our own immortal dramatift. This 
little eiTay cannot any way be more 
happily concluded than by the addition 
of this fine paflage. ** The knowledge 
of antiquity, fays this accompliflied 
writer, requifite to fucceed in them," 
(mafkSf at that timi of dmy la prodighMS 
wtgue) ** was, I imagine, the reafoii 
that Shakefpear was not over fond of 
trying his hand at thefe elaborate trifles* 
Once indeed he did ; and with fuch 
fuccefs as to difgrace the very heft 
things of this kind in Jonfon. Tht 
fliort mafic in the Tempeft is fitted up 
with claflical exa£lnefs. But its chief 
excellence lies in the beauty of the (how 
and the richnefs of the poetry. Shake* 
fpear was fo fenfible of his iuperiority# 
that he could not help exulting a iittU 
upon it, when he makes Kerdinan4 
iay, 

Tbi» \t a moft. mii^e^c tX\ca« ami 

Harmomo\» Q \\OTttn^ \a'^t?\ 



u;ji suit. »■. we arc ,oW by M.. m".>.R.rM ,ui,i i,,.,.,.„i i- m-..'' ;. h 

Kno':.i'. " pz-^aily f»tou'<:il i;!.!! ..t" i» »u ex«|i>.r,t ptr.,..r,;.;:c- t ...^ 

■ (xcellrn.-e in :,ny ait. i.iil liomur-I.;? :ii<- ■';■': ; a;;! ihi: artllt coulj not wjut » 

tn"eiti;iieJ liitiii," li.ivir.i; '.ecit 1 -ii,'.- ■■('. '>-'*-.» diawlng, ora piintiDg, whence 

hh wml;-, ■■■■in f.i d.irm.iL .U.i, ■, ■ -u to link hi. die. 

{i!or innEini'>g "o* ' Ri-n "'"J'-i ■"■■ '■"• .A to ilif prccife time, MoKsmet l\ti 

jilifh perriirnia.it:i( (o Jivir,;). 'ii't he pUn'.y iheo ohtaiiied (he lwa»me of 

wroie to Veniu fui tiw r.-pvi' i-k to had Crra:, «n i lU iiili .,1 Emptror. lo ihu 

int artift to liiin, that iie might (« him 'he [i-ct mij leilunib.y iic ilTiijiicil to 

wo,k». ■-;. IJtwr (Ml ut his leiRn, li mi,.hl 

M:. Knolleirivi, hemiifeiportriiiDf n-H tic coiKeJ, pirlwpt, lill attrr tlis 

t}|cSiiitin,wliichiipro)»!iIeeniiu^li; >nil Ji^mpcti.r:i death, uhuh lM|-pLni-i 14G1, 

Mr. CniliiTi iildi, thai ht inadi: other as Bel^iiii wis then living. Jtid did noc ' 

fine pifluiei for Ms highnePi. Hepiintcd, ilspirl this life tilt 1 ('.'i ' i it fafdj ir»y 

among othtr fut.jefls, tile Dtcoilation ot be teltmd lu the cli-le ^,1 ilie i;th «n- 

St. J'lhn BapiilU.aad ihcEinpetntubfcf tuiy. 

Tfd, the neck was too high uin too ;arge Yours. S(c. Samuel PeCGS. 

wiicn fcpanied from the head ij and, t« ■ ' 

coDTJacc the piinter of tbiiblie called for Mr, Ukban, Juh 19. 

tQare, bad ttie head inftantlf cut otf<. 'I'HE pumiit of Sir Samuel Luke, 

. A one nt tliote ent|uire<l xfier in p. 

" H;ft(H7nrtheTiirki,p.4)3,CidiM63S. Sl^- "cotdirg 10 Mr. WalpoieMilt (,f 

• Hs-Sefci pretenJt, Hut Mahomet piac- puiiriiis not engmed, luljoincd :o 
tifcd p:iintin|t and drawitig himfatt Prefeat Gringi:! 's Uioi-;nphicil Hillory, vol. IV. 
Slaieafiha Ottoman Emprra, p, 51. p. 375, Bvu eillt. 1775, wis at Mr. B4I- 

1 Collier, DifL v. Bellinia. bcr'^, at Addethury, OKtrxdlhitc, and 

* Tho MohamirraJniit, ai appear* fmin pio'ijli^y ftill cioiiuues liitre, 1 iliinlc 
■be Koran, chip. III. h»l > gi^t regard for I hive Ikcq toM 1: ultd to btm on iha 
Jnhn B.iptift. n ..' - .- " . " 



* The cruel Eropertfr bad more experi- 



1 fiicii nutiRi than the mild BdlLai p.«xtl <m ubbarei Irom the lt.<Uu, aiMJ Uiat 

■ould ever have. wil!i«ii[ n-^y nppaioK reafon " 

* Habefci (Arerves, p. 157, "that heidi ^ Tlio i> »yctjt\val mark of honour 

•reukaioll in Turkey with v little' cere- amims Hie Tui lu. Hjbeid.p.io^-, U\., it^ 

*onf aau En^liQi jj^i/oo*- irooMcwcUia • Kt/Usi » Iia\«s, \o\. 11. ». vA- 

6 



626 Tw9 hrtUfi Days in July.— 5iV Rich. Arkwrighi's Hntfi. fjolf^ 



Mr. UftBANy JuU lo. 

I SEND you the following (late of the 
air for the two hotrell dayn thai have 
been in Loodoo for feventccn years. Ic 
wai accuiartlv taken hv two thermomeo" 
ters near the fields, in the p^riib of Sr, 
Mary- a-bonne. A Customer. 

Sunday* July 7, 1793. — Barometer at 30, 
X A.M. and falling. Hygrometer at very 
dry. Thermometer in tlie (hade, at 
t A.M. 76 bright, South wind, (mall 

I paft 78 

9 80 hazy 

i l^aft 81 SW, fmall 

10 83 clouds rifing in NW 

1 ^4 W, very bhgtit 

t 86 

I 88 W, bright, frc(her 

1 8S| barometer, 30.15 

till I paft 7 33 ^^^ ^j^yj f^^ 

r 86 bright, nearly calm 

I paft 86 N, fmall 
( 85 very briglit 

* !♦ 

7 84 

% 8 c calm 

^ 79 mottled fky 

Tuefday, July 16. — Barometer 30, 3 A.M. 
ilowly falling. Hyi^rometer at dry. 
Thermometer in the (hade, at 
7 A.M> 70 blight ligiit wind SW 

« 75 

'9 77 ftrcakod white clouds 

4 paft 80 

10 82 

J 83 WSW 

11 8^ 

^ 86 fmall wind 

12 8S more wind W 
X 88J 

•| paft QO light wind. Barom. 29 97 

a 89! 

^ 89 qvilck. wind 

i 89 

4 89I SW, bright 
^ 88 

i 87 

I 87 

7 87 mottled iky 

4 86 

5 £4 variegated iky 
9 8a 

10 ^9 b!ack cloud iu KW 
If 78 very dear 



Mr. Urban, Jufy i\. 

P5»o. The pidureaof the Kit-cat 
• Club were at Barne Elmes, in the 
-houfe of Jacob TonfoD, ehjrd (on of 
0)6 Jacob T, fecretary, or richer prin- 
si9d publUbcr, to the Club; ou whofe 



death, 1767, they <fe(cended to Ricburd 
T, his brother, at Water Oiklcy, wber* 
he built a room for tliem i and, after 
his death, the houfe was /iU» Sir'W. 
Baker married rhe eldtr of the tw« 
dauehrert of old J. T. ; the vouneer 
married Mr. Lempr eie, and died S. P« 
Mr. B*t houfe' at Hertjng ford bury ii 
c«I'cd the P^k, not Hcrcio£K>rdbury 
Park. Yours, &c. J. W. 

Mr. Urban, J$iip ai» 

ON reading Mr. Malcoloi't elegant 
defcription of Matlock and Sif 
Richard Ark Wright's hodfe, p/505, I 
was reminded of a few verfei i mad* 
on feeing that man(inn previous 10 Mr* 
Malcolm's vi(it, which 1 have fcnt you 
ioclofid. for infertion, if you thiak they 
Ctiutain merit fuf!ic>ent fo** the publiB 
eye, I was then infor.-ned that the ar* 
chitefl of this elegant ftru£)ure is Mr. 
Thomas (the fame gentleman that ii 
building the market- houfe at Mount 
Sorrel). The ftyle of Sir.Richard Ark- 
wri^hi's houfe, I confcfs, is (ingular) 
but, at the fame time, there is a fooie* 
t*^ing «n its relative proportions fo well 
ad ipted to the (ituation, that charmed 
me with extacyand delight. 

Thefe new-forro'd towers in pref^teA as Z 

view. 
With m»nd intent, their progrefs I pnrfoe, 
Which wellonr fix'd attention may commaHdi 
Dif|>Liyi:ig in each f^age a ma(\er's haod, 
Pif{MVd to captivate the gazer's iight. 
As antient Strength' witn modem Gract 

tuiite ; 
Where Uniformity its charm difplays. 
To bend each aixh, each fwelling ouluom 

raifc ; 
While relative Proportion rules the wholes 
Of every part the an<mattng foul : 
As the vaft pile, ftill growmg on our eye'^ 
Shall ftill, with liappy a\ifp<ces, arife. 
Such, Architecture, are thy traits confeft, 
Fn)m times remote, in various modesexprefti 
That an reoown'd, whic-i elder agestatight. 
And Ronie,fuccecding. to pei fedlionhrought» 
Fie I^arope's inoilem fons nut in their claim, 
J 11 later age-, emnlous of f;mie. [eare^ 

Hail, art fuhlime! preferv'd with confiaot 
Otfspring cf Syn^meti7 and Order fair, 
O may we fee rhy votaries increafe. 
And mark tliy beauties in the days of peace, 
A nd tl»u, uliofe ufeful talents here are (hewn^ 
Thy (kill by many a pleafuig ftrudlure knuwn^ 
Well do thy precepts and defigns impart 
The clement^ of tiiy beloved ait 1 
Kor thus content, yet emuloiis we 6Qd 
Thy fair examp'e leave iliofe nile? behind, 
Thomas, proceed, thy powers at hiU dis- 
play, 
WUereO«u\u^\L^xkd\i pcKEft&>2Maift^SsC ^^nv^ \ 



1793*1 ^MMrlfU^ Si^ry f^Difi ipMrM iH Air f^BluuialmH 627 



loldlir mimm p tfat fmh hthtm thee Xm, 
3fwmmBf^mmii* 10 fiiir hmo to rH«u 
WHOe ftiUt thy Ax'd attentioo to engagty 
For ita Mr SaeiiM'opcs her «mple pege, 
tonaTd, « thou waft'9 beneath the foft'ring 



Mr« UtBAMt 



*K 



BEING t great tdmirer ot aU otefiil 
and learned pablicationt, and think* 
ing your Magazine jnlUy daimt a wcrf 
. high mole in the produd'iontof GeiAut 

^^^ , ^^ ^. ^.i?^* and Science, lam indnccd'to fend to 

Salt nife ihy gemot aindlhy powers foblime h 
Can furih tl^ vifiHir, bid thy views extend^ 
T\mfii'f9nAMiJ^'m 9Hh work to blend* 
MckiifirhilCf tins vairy'dicene enchant^ our 



riouk^ though perhaps not very oncom* 
inon, thing. 

During the lace hot weather, whic|^ 
in this month hts been very intenfe, C 
have frequently obferved, upon the high 
eyev, [nie^ rtMd, a large quantity of duft iuddeiily 

Where Art and Natom's'choiceft beauties whirled up into the air a coniiderable 



By Tofte imited, which can bett combine 
'nie £ur ideas of each juft defign, 
Soch Ik with proper cUfsancc difplays 
Ths^d.hce^ that fpeaks the Ariift^ praifk. 



height (full as rapidly as if it was 
caiilied by a hurricane) in a day whcm 
the acmofpheie has been quite clearp 
and not wind fufficient to fopport a fet* 
thcr — »l have made the fame obfcrva* 
Ji'^fj^l* tioo in a held, where the hay has been 

AS I a«ii Arm belie ver^fChriHiiiiiity, cirricd off the ground precifely in the 
1 am happy to fee its divine on- ijime manner as 1 before dcfcribed the 
laal clearlv evinced tootheis, by every duft. > I one day afked (through cuiio* 
wful method f but by no other. fitj) fome people at work, what they 

As the following account, eitra^ed thought of this kind of thing, or whtt 



Mr. Ubban, 



I 



from a provincial (wpcr^ at a conAdcr- 
iblr diliance from tlie place where the 
hex IS related to have hiipptntd, appears 
to in« rather in a queftiouable fliapc, I 
Aall beg a place in your widtl;-circu- 



they called it. Tbsy faid it was only 
whirly-hufF, and that they frequently 
faw ihem in dry weather, but they could 
conceive no reafon for ii^ (o I left ihem, 
having received full as fatisfaf^ory an 



laud Magazine, 2S a mode of exciting anlwcr as I cxpe6lcd. I muft juft add, 

il»e aticution pf that part of your cor- that 1 never oblcrved any thing of the 

rclpondents, whole local fituaiioo muft lort except in thc^ hoitcft and moft fe- 

^•lalify them ro decide upon its truth or rcuc vvcather. — If any corrcfpondenicaa 

hJchbod. The account appeared in elucidate this curious phenomenon, '\t 



a utckly paper, dated June 19, 1793, 
and \h to the followmg cffcA: 

** That a private in the Shroplhire Mi- 
litia, iIkjii qnaitered at Brklgcw^er, in a 
c- nverf^tKiii with his comradtss concerning 
the Birmingluim Kiots, alfcitcd, that lie faw 
the firlt Auiie thrown there ; which being 



will be efttemed a great favour. A. Z/ 

Mr. Urban, Julj^ 25. 

THEC publication referred to in your 
Uft volume, p. 1 164, cot. t, 1. 6, 7, 
8, IS To inaccurately defcribed, that (uine 
ol your readers may not, perhaps, know 



dinibtcJ, lie, by way of affeveratiun (aid, that a clear account of ic occurs in your 

« G — blaft my limbs, if 1 was not j" that volume for 1777, p. 449 ; and that it is 

he repeated thcfc words a fccond time, and ^gajo noticed in thefubltquent p. 64a. 
Uken clapped his hand on his tlngh, when, to p^ j^g,^ ^^i ^^ 1 ^g^ Wnere 

ttie afto^iiftiment of all prefent, .he joints of ^^^ ^^ ,,^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ prior communicationf 

hi. limb« were immftlwtdy ci.mradted ; and ^^, • ^^ ^^ ^^ J ^ ^ „ Cumulus 

that he has commued a cnpple ever fince." ^ ^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ /, ^8^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

Yours, &C ScRUTATOg. relpoQdents omit referring to the volume 

' ' : and page of which they are treating ? 

e Alluding to a Trentife on Aixhitedlure, Withi*ut fuch a reference, io general, 

pubhfhed by Mr. Tbnmas. Sur^o/a^miamMarrant, ScRtJTATOR. 



i*«ta 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 1793. (CtMiimtiidfrmp. 536.J 



B. OF LORDS. 
Ftbruary 18. 

THE marine mutiny bin iras read 
tb€ third chne, tad paffetL 



In the Commons, the fame day, t 
new writ was ordered for the boroughs o€ 
Anftruther, PittenWten, &u. \xi ^% totMik 
of Sir John AnftroiVicT. 

7« G. Kmigbi^ «C^* e]i[iuita%t\ ol ^« 

C«tc\mvcut« 



■ 

628 Parliamintary Proceedings of Lords and Commons for 1 79 J. 

Cominitcee on the Wat wick cortcfted Nj mi furs to atUlfe his Majtftv 

clc£lton, declared the fuLrg members to eniciutg inio any trea:y whiclijaii 

have 1 ccn duly ele£^cd. tarti or f-rcvcnt his making a 1 

The Speaker rcpoiicd his Majcfty's p(;4cc witli France. 
anfwcr to the Addrcfs ot the Houic. Mr. BurU o; r...:c.l '.he Kighl 

^U, Fox faid, Ui»on a fu'jt£l which Gjntlcni.inSr... .-it ., «• J o!>ferv« 

lud io cftcn, in cjc vitw oi anotl.er, Mr. Fox wa^ 'iit nut man thai ha 

been difculftd in that Ht^ufc, and on in that liouf--» at z. niomcnt wl 

which but little pew maucr could be ex- coiiniiy was involved in a viar tu 

pe61ed to artfe, it was nut his inrentipn he ha I p^iotitifcd hi« ftiftpoity and 
to trouble gentlemen at any length. The ' he haJ aigued a^ pm arduous and 

bufincfs, however, in whiwh ii:c raiion r^us v.ar, come foiward to i'ufrg 

>vas inx'olved was of th-- grcjtcft tmpor- taking of meafurcs lo involve the 

tance, ai:d demanded the ik:(;(l Iciious tiy in an at'dnional uar. Po and, 

sod attcmivc conl'id'-ration. Ai we were was now :iMvai:cc«i to cur view, 

invo-ved in a .var, he ackroALdtjcd the objtdt hvr which we were to ert 

mccflity of fuppoiting it { liL:t, the moie hoiiihties again.:. P.ullia and Rut] 

he felt that nt^cclfiiy, the inure llrongty ntvei l>cfure l>een confiucrtd i.f 

he felt it to be his ('uiy toohj-.6t !0 thole i?»iprr'ance with Holland to i. 1* ci 

iTira'furcs which hid ir.v(il\tj us in the Th;. p»)licy of Gicai Bi tan had 

calamity. The conimenccmcnt of the f.-r cct.tuiie^ to h*ok to cvciv ■• 

w?.r, for the purpofc vf maintaining the dizcuunt of Fiance as of far grtc 

lights of neutral nations, and to oppofe pojttr.cc, and cf grciur da: g.i, tl 

views of a^grandizemtDt, wirc merely agei.i.uIiZ'.iiiCut of ar.v oth r re 

pretences; for, though Minilicis in this and h»f a fubftanrial ic-ii-jn j Frai 

inftance had been lo tenacious of the a formidable |>owtr, and ntar us. 

rights of H'jutral nr.tions, and fo avtrfc fame danger cou'd not arife frcm 

to viewb of aggrandizement in France, or PruHla, they b.in^ pov^cis at < 

they had, wiihout any rcinontlrancey der^blc diilance. .Bciicc>, tl i < 

fuf!'ercd the rights of Poland to be tram- had, for confidcrahly more tl an 

plod u|>on, in defi-mcc of the rights cf tury, feen various revcluiions in 

neutral nations, and in breach of cxiUing vaiious attacks upon her, and 

treaties. Whatever views had a£)uattd participation, without ever havi:>g 

TVlinincrs. the Houfc ought to (hew that htr hand to prevent them ; nor 

they were not a^^uatcd l)> any improper Right lion. Gei.tiwman tvtr, btf 

motives in the war againlt Fr?nc« 5 and prcl'cnt occafioi^, lujigeiitd li.e pi 

for that purp(»("c, and to eliabifii the of an mtcrlcrcnte. Tl.e pittci 

principles he h^d fiequtntls lUr:cd to n^cnr, however, when the n.tion 

the Hcufe, he (bould fuggctt fur thtir volvcd in a w.\[, was thougiit fi 

adoptic/n five refoluticns : embijccu fur lucii a novc;ty. 

1, That it was not for J-he honour of a'l the new thir;^s vvr.ich the Rli 

Great Britain to Htake war on Fi?nce tor in FVance had ^i\cn liTc t;i, he cot 

any inierferc.-cc in her internal affair^, or ihiii to he the iicwclt ii* ilc Houft 

for the eftyblilhrntnt ot any paiticular wa^ now piopuicd, n^mc'-y, at 

form cf goveiniiRni in thit coL%i:«y. mcni when an enemy vv..s txcitin 

il. That the ajrgrcll'ons ot Frar.cc tff.>rt, every aitifjce, lu cl^Iiioy r 

vere cot of (uch a nature jl^ to juu.Iy a ex.ftcr.ci;, and when we htd cnn 

%V.".r in the fir't icilaiice, piior r.» a r.ciio- a warturoui d'-uncc anvl p:tf"trv 

tiarion to obtain txplanaiioa unil icdrtT.. to hold out a j^enciui i.-ndcntn 

III. Ti-.ar, in tl.e late ntj:; :i;.::»,n, Ir.s fuch war in all is ji» n.s — 10 1 
MsjtfTv's MinilKrs hail 1 ot puilu^d lar w^ Ihali cur: y it — cii.d to b\i 
iiicalurts likely to obtiiin rtlilVl^, n<»i to f.lvts duwri t> cmi.j r- condii.u 
Mvcrt awar, tiot havirgiraitvi tl;L jrro-ji aU . pcicc. Bur tiic i<:>;lit ti^n. Gei 
Vpon which peace nngl.t have L^en Ue.ii.i I'l.iiv ju: in ;:li nwf t:ani 
niaintaictd. -— jult in iur fi\.tcrn/.ii.g p im 

IV. That the rights of neutral nations jult in her (czln^ of J^.voy. — jui 
had not bten attended to by hir. Maj v/n leizjrc of ilic Ntrhci) .ndi— j'jti 
Miniftcrs, in ihtirnegledk ot Intel lei iiijT pltntin^ htr llcnle tree of Li[: 
r:ga"i.ll the laiC unjuftif:arle aii<i ..ininii- JJ.rtbani — and juil in her v.-ar 
iK.blc invafion of Poland by Ruflia and Great l>rii;:m : — he ru^^iit be toi 
Trutfa. And, the advocntc o.*^ th.a ccLutry, 

K 2/?«*;Mi' x/i# ^'urj of his Majc{l}''s Ihould h^itiiut Vit t\^v^.^ ^va 

4 



PMrGmmentay PrfCiiilngs nf twis wi Cumins f^r 1793. 62^ 



Jul He juftiScd every refiftance «vhich 
hJid been inaiU'td Mr. Pox'f propo(itioii 
far fending an ambaflaUor to FraDce ; 
for, in France there es^iUcd no pgwcr 
to treat with'—a^l wasprovifionaryy and 
njglu hAfc but the eziftcnce nf a mo- 
ncDt. Kje tb«D t<ft>k a review of tl)e 
kadiii^ charaQerf Ui France, Menu 
lUlspd.'.Lc firiio, Pachcy &c. &c. i 
adaebf whom appcarad-fic meii to treht 
wkli. Tbera wa»» to be fure, a Monf, 
Coadorcet appcured Jbut the liioft hu- 
maaeof murtherersy and Monf. Bnfibt 
ihebioft virtuous of pickpockets. — Were 
fochtncD at ihefe ^t to be r:c3ttd laith 
hf Eirglsnd ? or was 41 Munf Egalitd, 
^ias the Duke of Orleans^ miias OiU- 
aai, a chara£ler with whom this coun- 
try -could gaia honour by a oegotiiiMou } 
If any hichme'n, or Dumourier, w s to 
be treated with, fend and treat wiib 
theA; but who would be the ambaira- 
dor?«*-who uoulcl treat wiih this hierar- 
chy of anarchy* where the only m-iti of 
cominoo deicncy was the cr*niinoa 
hangman? He concluded agaiiift the 
moxions, by dccUiinu; i>i^ Itoltility to 
every thing whicn undcd to cfl"c£l a 
peace wii'ii France, ns Ihe nt w w.is; 
prcdic^ivu;, that the {cA put lu (lich a 
pc^ce would be pu'Cin«', tlie kdl tt) the 
de%th-\v<iiraut of our King, and opcrMie 
to rhe uricr dcii:uC.liun a\ our Coni'ti- 
tution. 

Mr. drey replied ro Mr. Burke, whom 
he th^ii^td Willi tl.c j»u>lf;;ll iniliLjjftftn- 
la'.iun ''f ihe iijjuuitnts ot M:. Fox. 
Hc««f-tu'cd tic principal aIgua\tnr^ C'f 
Mr. i'cjx, tontcn'Mij^ that rh : l)iian:L <f 
Eor(.'j.>c WAS A*, niuch cnciangtrcd by ;l c 
^fe^ re 1 1.0.. ay *i».ll l\iian»i a^ by ihc ?g- 
gr2r.cJ:ttii.cnr of France, and ct^nciu.Jed 
bv aiTu-c'.Ui! ro :Le mi tions, »\:iicli i»r- 
ptjicd to b ni :o ccntaii'i priiuiu c^ incon- 
ir^v nib c. 

Mr. ^/^/f/ff/'c'»C()Me'u!td ibar no n:eans 
hor.uv>ic>bie to tb"j cou:;ti\ liad been 
oini\ted t'> oil-in j.'t;..cc ; bt ;r,li'*c:l ibM 
France bad ccmpuitvl u'. u» a v.-i by bcr 
a^'-.*iarvli'«.:i'.tr.:i, v 1 xl; wcic n'.jtoiic^*^ 
ai>J wii.tb, if i-oiiiiiir'-i. :jy tbib c unfy, 
muft bavc DC. n iiii:.o-.jb lo evcrv jr.t-iiJ.'it 
ot Great Iir;tnin. lie cu.-ic'u jtd by mo- 
vif.i; the picvii.'jj t[Ufc,llion. 

I'lic tiN.i'aic wn.csi b)i lowed upoQ this 
quciijon Eiioiacu but liitlc new ni.iiu^r. 
lti^n\:CtlTii) Oiilviomcniiun ti-atMclir , 
Adam, 'Jf'fty'd., LumiiGn, SbitidaHy H\ 
Smithy and ^Jajor MaitiiutJ, TebTitd tbc 
prctii.'US qutiUvn. — li v^a» { pp ricd, 
however, and i\iti mcnluic^ ( f Aciii:in\i' 



fiU Gn C»rm*waUt and H. HoMgAump 
MeflVs. DMtp P^jspmnd tPyndbmrn* ' 

At half an hour after one the previout 
quetlioB was put and ca|iricd*/A)[e» i70w 
Woes 44., ■ 

H. OP LORDS. 

Ftdruaiy 19. 
Their Lord/hjps attended in UTeft* 
mi n Pier -Kail until near fiVc OpOA tbv 
• trUl of W, Hafting?;. Efq, 

In the Commons, the fame day, tli9 
Spfaktr acij/mrntd the Hou(e | there noc 
being a fu/Hcient number of Mcraben 
sliVa.bred to proceed to a ballot on the 

Doicl.cilcr £lc£lion. 



am • 



H. 01^ LORDS. 
Febn^ary 20. 
Pr(»cctrdcd ill the trial of VV. Hafltagf^ 
Elq. until five o'clock. 

R-rad tbe fifft time the iLapd-Cix aii4 
Mall-duty bills. 

In tlie Commons, rhe fame day^ the 

account vi tiie augiiicnratioaof the army 
l.iviny bcjn rLft;rr£d to tbc Committee 
of lupp'.v, inu) ^\hich the U<juIc had jc» 
iolvca idcif, ibe Stoitarj ^t tVar n\i<\9 
liu f)!io\ving motions, allot which were 
agit^d 10 w:::ini: iie: ate: 

'i tij^t rlicic t'C cmp'ioycd for the aug* 
m'-riia'ion 01 the ainiy, tor the year 1795^ 
9945 men, inciu'ling 2362 invalids. 

Ibat tuerc be gian.cd ib.c \\im of 

437. Jii?'- >•'• *J^» ^^r niaintainingthcm, 
I be fi'rii ot i30,«-;5o/, for charge of 
100 con.panici of toot. — The fum of 
3i.c2o/. \ci ex pence of Gcacr.1l and Staff 
oii;.L.»'.— I be I'um of 205^458/. IS, 6«/» 
fui einb r.scd iuiii:ia.— Tiic lum of 
65,J>c3;. toi cjiU'.n^Lncies, bread, mo* 
h'_y, 11 .d iiccvllaii^c. — "I'be fum <>£ 
*S>^.?9" 5^- >i''« f'^r a Cv>rps of light 
tJ.»iv; •.....% I' j.»:iu'.ica, (f lovLTaiicgirnvnta 
of tw'. jn,! I. p.-in-muiaiics. 

iMr. /. yfrtr'viilr u:cvv tbc attention 
ot :bc ilo'iij LO ibe ailhcuUy lately ex« 
•p- I'w ,rvd '■'\ ot/.iining a luhicimt atien- 
(•o.ixj ot Mwiibv.:Sy on baiioiiug-dayfy 
to pivctrcd t >' tile iiial of cootioverted 
clc'.Mons. Tii<: act tor iucb ir<a;s had 
fi.r 11% b>jn( aiion tbc ncceiiity of one 
bu .'\:=S\ -MvinliCis being allciubled ready 
to do tii.ir du:y a^ A1tmt)crs t»t Fgdia* 
men;, tij law no reanui to alter this 
la'.v, beii>L>; Convinced ihat a vigorous ex- 
ci.icn ot tiic Iloufe, to ihew to Mem- 
Iiwf J tbc ddTV tbcy owed lo lV\c ^\i\A\c\L 
•.v(<>UiM be I u iuti'-ni U> i:\l\1lo\ c<\i, TVvt\* 
Dcirj^ iio^v, uc L<xid| tU\uiv ^^viuow*^ vo^ 



630 P^Ramentary PrfiaaSngs §/L$rJi and Commontfor 1793* 

tried, an alteration in the law, operating perfons oF the town of Nottingham^ 

WOOD them, muft be deemed an tx fijt praying for a Reform in Parliament. 

fado \v*i\ if any aUeracioo, therefore, The petition among other things, dated 

was necefl*4ry or convenient, it would the reprefenution of the people to have 

be far more iictinp to leave fuch altera- paffed away, and that, in itk ftead, there 

tion to operate upon the petitions in a exifled the groiTef^ abufe of the rights 

fuhfequent Parliament than upon thofe of the people. That their rights weie 

in this. For his own part, however, he ufurped in a manner which induced 

faW no nece(!ity whatever to alter the Members of that Houfe nut to Jook to 

law, for, if tVie Houfe exercifed the the people, but to others for approba* 

bowers inherent in it, the talk would not tion. It propofed, as a reform, the 

be difficult to obtain a fufficient number empowering all adults to vote forrepre- 

of Members, the natural and proper fentatives \ and to (borten the duration 

courfe prefeoting iticlf of commanding of Parliament. — Mr. Smith moved for 

their attendance. Acijourned. leave to bring up the petition. 

■ ■■ ■ the Qbanctllor of tbi Excbtqu^r was 

H. O F L o R D S* of Opinion that the Unufe could nut, 

Fibruary 21. ^ ^ confident with its own dignity, and re- 

The Houfe, in a Committee of Privi- garding the rights of the people whom 

)egt:s on the eie^ion for Scots Peers, pio- they rcprrfcnied, permit a petition, tike 

wounded feveral queftions to^the Judges, th^t jutt lead, to be laid on their table* 

who were ordered to attend on Monday He would not Uy any thing upon the 

to deliver their opuiion* propoHtions of opening the eledion of 

■ reprefentatives to all adu'ts, and the 

, In the Commons, the fame day, Mr. Ihortening the duration of Parliamenr^ 

Crey moved a long addrcfs to his Ma- n«»r would he enter upon the queftion 

jefty, by way of proteft, againl\ the of a reform, thut not being before the 

meafures of AdminiOration, and in juOi- Houfe ; all he contended for was, that 

^cation of the propoiitions made by the petitions prefented to that Houfe ihduld 

minority* He. did not expert, he fa:d, be couched in relpcAful tcrm(. The 

that tht motion would be accepted ; he preient was not fn couched, but charged 

cotild, however, hope diac it might, as them with ufurpation, and denied even 

it would, in his opinion, (are the coun- the exiOence of a Conllitution, by de» 

try from ruin. ^ ciaring thnt the rcjiiiy had been long 

Major Aftfi'/fiau/ fecondcd the motion, gone, and that they wcie niocktd by a 

^e Of^nciiUr of tbt Excbeqmr \z\(\f mere nominal rcprefentation. -By le* 

ts the motion juft made was merely arc- fuling to receive the prcfcnt petiton^ 

capitulation of the argunients advanced the Houfe could not be (hutting thair 

by Gentlemen on the oppofite fidt ot tlic cars apainft petitions for leform \ they 

Houfe, againft the whole of the moafuves would only be maintaining that dignit]^ 

of Adminiftrar.'on rtlat vc to the «fta:rs which it was their daty to maintain^ 

of France, he would content himfcU by by refilling every thing that was not 

obfervtng, that thofe, who had oppofed brought before that branch of the Con- 

the arguments re- capitulated in this mo- ftitgtion with due rcfpcf^. 

tion, were bound to give it their dircdt Mr. f&:f did not approve of the word- 

neeitfvc; it would have his Tmoll deci- ing of the peiitio::, but was Aill in fa- 

dedly. vour of the motion for havmg the pe- 

Mr. Drskf, jun. faid, the bcfl fpcech tition brought up; conceiving that the 

l^e cotild make to this elahorate, vola. Houfe (hou.d be Icfs nice upon acorn* 

minous, and circuitous, attempt of the ^faint of the grievances m the rtprefcn- 

Party 10 proteft againft the virtuous de- ution than upon any other complami. 

cifion of the great majority ot that Houfe, Mr. Lambtom h\d the Houle had 

was No I— To all tlic late piopofitions agreed to the bringing up of Mr. 

of thofe Gcnt'emcn, commonly leimed Took e's petition, which was, in his opi* 

the Party, the public echoed, No I—To nion, more dilrcCptatul than that now 

the iMalures puifued by his Mf»jef\y»s offered. Deeming that caJc a picce- 

MiniHers, they chearfully and chorally dent, he wou d vote for bii^ging up 

iang Aye ! Aye ! Aye I the prefent petition. 

The queflion was put on the Addreft, Mr. Secretary Dmndat faid that Mr. 

end negatived without a divifion. Tooke's petition had bern laid on the 

Mr. R. Smith (Member tor Netting- table, on the op:nion of the Houle that 

bam; read a petition^ Ogncd by 2500 the coDtrovtrted cic^ioa a& bound the 

iluuieiL 



.\ 



PmrSwmttkmji Fr$e0^9g» ^LtrJb aiiiC$mm$n$ fir 1793* 63 1 



B«fr» withooc • oncSlMp to rtcthre 
* * tvcfj^ pediioB coaipl«Uiog of an liodiio 

Ifr. Smith ftaMd» fronr tlie autho- 
III? of hit co^ftirurartti that nothiog 
4ili«rpcAfnl wai iiiteodc^ aftinft tba 
iTffeai Himfir of Commoiif—i^be paf* 
Bfre ofaje^led ro he wiihtd bad been 
apuaged— ^hat wat meant, boweTcr* 
kf cbat paflagSy wat merely that abulet 
My b^ length of time, crept into 
the reprcfcnutioBt deftrojiog its origi- 
ail principle. 

Mr. Z>. p. Mt lamented the infer* 
tiop of tbtf objcd tenable paflarcSy and 
inpoted the blame thereof to the Aflb* 
mtcd Society for Reform, which bad 
led the people into the error now com* 
plained of. He Aw cbe propriety of re* 
Cflving the petition in a light firong 
caooftb to induce him to ditide the 
Hoofe upon the queftion. 

Mr. fydir (aid, the caufe of the peti* 
fioncra would not fniler injury by the 
Hoafe not receiving the prefent pett* 
tm, at the fame obje6)a might be pe* 
titioned for in a manner more refpe^* 
ful. 

Mr. Burti wat decidedly again (I the 
petition, which went to ftate that we 
bad no Conititution, that the Members 
of thai Houfe were ufurpers, and ytt to 
fhofe ufurpers had the petitioners pp. 
ptied U\T the formation of a Conftitu* 
tion. He condemned the petition at 
Rudacious and fedirious, and charged 
the RtvolutioQ Society with being the 
prnpdgatoFf of fuch fcdition. The 
friends to fuch petitions as the prefent 
were enemies to the great and invalu- 
able right of petitioning; for, fuch pe- 
tions muft either deftroy the right, or, 
bf their admiHioo, open the door to a 
torrent of libels, which the Houfc would 
merit the moment they fhould receive 
them deliberately, 

Mcflr^. Grtj and Sbtridan fpoke in 
defence of the Revolution Society* 
They acknowledged thcjr diflike to the 
wording of the petition, but contended 
thai it ought to be permitted to be 
brought up. 

The Ma/ler of tU R/ills, Colorcl 
hartley t and Mr. tf^igltyt were againll 
chepetitioo being broaght up. 

Xhc qucftion being put, a di?i{ifm 
took place ; and the motion was nega- 
tiTed ; there being for bringing up the 
petition Ayes ai.-^Nocs 109. 

Fib. 21. 
thM Stockbridge Committee repotted 



tfait Forfter Baron and Qeorire Porter^ 
Efqrs. were dnl? ele^ed; tad that Joha 
Scott 'and John Cator, Bfqn. the Htting 
Members, were not duly elcAcd. Alfo^ 
that notorious bribery wat proved^ 
which ilefcrved the moft feriilut conH* 
deration of the Houfe. 

Mr. T. Grmw/U, after lamenting thn 
tton-attcndahce of Members on ballot* 
ing davs fo^ controverted eledions, 
propofed as a partial remedy for tho 
untried ones of the prefent Parliament^ 
*' That the Houfe be called over o« 
Wednefday the 6th of March neat.-v^ 
That, fuch Members as do not atteaj 
the call (cicepting thole on adual naval 
or military fervice, or on the circultfp 
or on grand juries) (hall be taken into 
cuflody by the ferjeantatarms, and their 
names reported to. the Houfe. Piifled 
unanimouily. 

Mr. M, A. T^y/Sir called the atteatimt 
of the Houfe to a motion on the fubjeft 
of the erection of barracks in variout 
parts of the country. His argumenta 
were chiefly grounded on tbofe of Judgo ' 
filackflone, who fays, that *' Nothing^ 
ought to be more guarded againft, ia 
a free ftate, than making the miliiary 
power, when fuch an one is neceifary 10 
be kept on foot, a body /m difiimdfr^m 
thi peofili. Like ours, it (hould wholly 
be compofed of natural fubjt^ls ; it 
ought only to be cnlilled for a ilkort and 
limited time; the foldiers alfo ihould 
live interi.Hxed with the people; no fe* 
parAce camp, no barracks, nuinlaod for* 
trclTes ihuuld be allowed, and perhapa 
it might be fli 1 better, if, by difmiliing 
a dated number, and cnltfliag others at 
every renewal of their term, a circula- 
tioa could be kept up between the army 
and the people, and the citizen and fol- 
dier be more intimately connefted toge* 
thcr." He concluded by moving, "That 
the uniform and pcrlcveiing oppoHrioA 
made by our aacellors to the ere^ion 
of barracks was founded on a ju(l un* 
derftandmg of the true principles of our 
excellent ConRitution, and founded up* 
on high and legal authoiities, whofe § e* 
corded opinions were, that foldiers fhould 
be quartered with the people— and that 
no camps— no harracks-*no ifland for* 
titications,— could be permitted with 
fafety to the liberties of the people." 

The Cbanctlhr of tbt Bjcchtautf 
moved the palfiog on to the order of cbe 
day, which was put and carried without 
a divi(ion,8nd Mr. T4jlor'$ motii^o, of 
courfe, was loli. 

(To be toHtinutd^X 

Tit 



631 General Teariy EpWe of the ^« rf/rj. ' 

Thf F.ptJIfe frtm the Tearly Meftiug, hLi in ncf? ami benci'olcncr, f«r flendir 

JLanJortf by adjourmnentfy fron the zc-to to fever. .nee, an»! C()iuinije«I bicathinc 

the i%tb ff the Ffth Mcntb, »7<)j:» '"'/u- to ths God pn«l Father of all, uliof 

Jfve, to the ^wrttrly and hhntbly Meetirg^ oiJC hlood all the families of the ejiri 

9/ Fmndi in Gi*cat Bntainy Ircand, and " Fmm Pliilatlelphia \vc leu n »hi 

llfewhcre, have a!fi> hatl at heait to be imlni 

*' Drar FmisDf, pro-not-nir a p.icifi'ation with t»'.e 

" WE faluto you in Gofp"! love, and in an j o'h.r Imli^ns} m which beiicvc 

a decree of that humility, Hliic'i a th^'c in- pofe they ure cnco'jras<wl by tht 

i\yt£Wwk into the ftatc of our rcl ;:.{•■ iWc- thsnudve^ j who, havi*^ , he-n icc 

ciety at this time hath pr(K!iice:! : for, ?.l- fi.r nine than a crntiuy, to jalt . 

though ^e may thank'^ullv acknoulec-pc trenrmr '' ' ^ Frjeml?, have h 

that v.c- '•.•venol foi'rd ll»:i».5 ::. io ;...i.".._..«l :•: ' ./.• r.-. :. '1 confiilcpr-* "... ..oiii. 

acornV:'!' ..s :r. f.tre former yc-»"= : •vi\ ** Ai .>ur lail yenily in.e* r.:;, we 

forre iT:in a*": ;; c .: V. :•:.;■;"::: :'^ !• c :- g''K<.'! Nj c^'itii^n o-i T.-ri'icrs aj 

Tcfted thr niirui. <■:' :"..::•■ V-.i. '*;';• \ . : .; fcrirgtlis vo.. • i». m.uI.' to draw. 

fuppoit <M CAT ♦^i r'n ■■" c . \:\ T... ' '. I'- (vu.ty li.e ft-^dfa'Tiicii %v!iich wo .r 

mains to > e i'.-.;;, . n. ...:•;.'. ' ^o;io..b .*:';•"- I: 0!-r.'^ ; ."it .i."-v, \«. lK*n • ■•■ 

cife of f'.Miit '.(• ye pat'-. '-tlv • c '.•.<■<■, lefv r- 1^5 i?.v r-." i ■' ■ ;: ')."• ri". '■ -i. •«.'• 

onr Sior. Ci>n '>ccot.<', fo <.-^.nfP»! a*" ■•• c a;: i.n r' 'icci/.-.J to »->ii''it fr •v^'- :, 

truft Ihe is Ocfigr.e.l ici Iv , :ii'^ 11.. i> c^ •!.»- n"\ • ^t.i -o a. t'.^.ev evinrc 'n ■ r: ".. 

tions. iTi«-pd?l mnv evvrv -^n^. of \«uj, •;>,'».. ' M ■' f.i o'vcr.^^ of il. . : -xc ^ 

who may read or I Carth :•• <n r t nrc! !i.'.i- A va l profe s t^ » c; rt-ftr.r'ixJ fmr 

tion, clofcly an.'. cfl'JtSlur.^iy coj.fi'.Icr -.M '\liat in a pr.irlice fo t^efolatinsf to ni .11 

inAaiiCc, and to wlint i'c;;rce, he (^'ibuc^.!?, us not ini'ulgo t!m fpirit of it \r owvi 

jn h'S pr.dlice, tlK accomplilbraeat of a de- cncournge it in othtrs, hy m kiig t 

4s" ^o graciour. of war a frequent fuSje^ of comv 

** Our mcetiiip hath been Inrtje, and, hot, fj f.».r a«5 we are truly rcdcci 

through the int icy of our Holy Hi .id and tliofc \vani;t~ Ir.ft? in oyifclve^, to 

High Pritft, hath ben favnured with the . the Api)ftle jfi riles its orij^i-^, 1 

■renewed alTiftance of his fpirit: ;:n', :il- tiiabled, he fr;t;':ently enj^aj^ed 

though divers m-itters have occuiifd wliich fupplication to t!\c God of the <p,: i 

iave hecn fuhjcf^s of conful-T.-ible i'l!JviiM.»n, fly'h, il'at it may pleafe hi'HTf ''I 

' UC ha- r nfielh experienced tl'.e prcviiicncc tht^ how, ni'«.\ cut t!io fp.ar in fu.n 

of Chpftian co'idcfcer.fion. king \v.\r\, to cenrcuniothe tnv! of th-. 

"The .'C.t.unt of l"v:fFerin?^s bn^^^ht in aPv! to «',l:'t the nations und.r tijs 1 

this yc;»r aT-oimt, in Great Krit.\:n, t.» fix r.er, m oproi'ition to th 'fe irii'uitii 

thoof nd and eig! ty pounds, anl, in Ire'. 'u'. ', arc a jc^iro. ch to the profcinon 01 

to one iho'. f'Tul fix hundred aud ivve'ity-n.ue nit •. 

pounds. Use largcft p.-^rt, z-.s ufu;.l, is ^)^ *• M^ny I'.ave been of Iste :!i? (jvc; 

thofe ccclcfi.f^ic'd demant^ with ivtrch ue an • f;ulaics ;:i tlje co.nnu?rLi.»l wo 

fcruplcai'livtl;. to comply, ns beincj the f.ip- fotue a.Tiou; fl ui have noi efcapei 

port of a nr.iniftry foimcd hy the will of g';f:e. \V« dcfiie thcfe t'liujs may 

man; and not <mly inefticaclouj in combnijig as a^a'l to a'l i>f us, \vh?> nsav need 

the dcfircs of the c:«mal mil d, (wJ'.ich, 1:\"'.h tion, to ctjn'r:dl ritl^cr ih.in to r-nl 

the Holy Scripture, is at c*nmi:v uiili Cod,) p'ans fcr tha .Kquififi"-;, of wcMhh. 

but too generally made f;ihrcT\iciK ia its fv)o:i'r 'inJe .vovr tofccurc a comp'/i 

purpofes. contiaot;n^ our wap.tb snJ hmitir.i 

** Our correfpondencc v ith o\ir birtV.ren Tkv* ; rcco'.e-V.iyj, '!;.it, a^ Ch.ill, < 

in Ireland atid on t.he C'oi:ti;!ent of America ey.m;^lv% dc.:l ..e : h.is kji.^'doin ru) 

is m.iintaincd ; and we h:ivc- receive' epiftle> th's Wi«iLI, f) ueil-cr can his fail 

from all the yearly meetings, inf' rming u.s l«>'Vtr>; m >ke it ll.c (loieiiou!':; of tl 

of-tlwir concern T-r tl.c cnfc o' tru'h ; and, fii-f. J<* L.iv i»ot up for yoiuA-lve*- 

in fon»« of thofe from America, of t'.cir ccm- u;mmi earih, where moifi, ami n 

linvicd care to be, as opnoitunitic: offer, t!ie CTiupr, and where thieves brc.d; 

advocates of the opprel'od lihfk IVople. — ai.d tUal : »^ut l:iy vjp for yourtcl' 

The flow progicfs in this cuu.itry of the fuic^in Hv,,\cn, wir-rc iicth^r m 

Ciufe of thefe o\ir feilow-men we lament, rail, doili c.uu'.p:, and wbcie tliiev 

but do n»it dcfpair of it? fncctrs; and we hi-ik throiv;!! n(kr ftc.il. lor. wh 

Jc fire friendf may never fuller the c.i''.«'e to ire;if\ue i.s, tlier.; vmU your Ik .i: the 
cool en their rr>indG, thr(>u^h the t'« '.ly, ♦• Signci^ in and on buh.ilf of ih 

which the oppofition of inieroUecl m-."i h.j'h Mt^jLin^, I'V Gf.oKCK Bkamhv 
occafior.eil, in lh;s work of jufiice ap.d mer- <» Cieik 10 the Me;;tiug th 

cy ; but ratiier be artimatcil to confhier, that, — 

the longer the oppofiticn remain?, t!iemire * ]amcr> iv. i. f Plp.l. xlv 

a«ccflity c})ei^ is, on the fide of ri^IiCecuT- ^ Mat. vi. i^j 20j n, 

3 



great nation, if it bad parilunej ih« perttJy 
wliidi its own oppreffion had occafionrrf — 
il it hiJ remicieJ the punithmtnt <>t ilie King 
In the tribunal of Him bjr whom iitgs reign 
tnd friiHi iii-tl ju/lia. 

" And aie tbcre utf men in ilii'^ kinj;- 
dom, excen fuch as fiad their ai:ciiunl in 
liublic confunun, who woald hazard iLie iik- 
iroilufliun d( fuch fcenes of rapine, baih>> 
ricv.and hliudfiicd, as liave diff^cril Fiance, 
uido«tiaecd humanity, for the Cake ot ob- 
lainin(— what? — Liheity and EijiwJ.iy,— -I 
fofpc^ thai the meanlnE i^f thefe \vm% it 
not clearly and gmeially undtrftoud ; it nuf 
be of irfe lo exi'lain lliem. 

*• Tb« UbtiT)- ot a ni»a in a (Inte uf lu^ 



$34 X^iew §/ Niw PuhRcitUm. Qa 

tort conlkftt in hit btiog fubjeft to no law of wifdom, honeftft iogvnuitf, indnflrf 1 1 

but the law of nature \ and the liberty of a in an equality of property refulting fnsm td 

man in a date of fociecy confiih in his being exertion of thefe talentsi but in being eqa 

fubje^ to no law bat to the law eoa^ed by fubjeA to, equilly protedtod by» the fin 

the general will of the fociety to which he laivs. And who knows not that every in 

belongs. And to what other law is any man vidual in thb great nation is, in this rkjpe 

in Great Briuin fubje^t ? The King, we equal to every other } There is not one h 

are all juftly perfuaJed, has not the inclina- for the nobles, another for the comnMNii, 

tion i and we all kno^ tliar, if he had the the laod— one for the clergy, another fort 

inclination, he has not tiie power, to fuhfti- laity ^one for the rtch« another for the poi 

tute his will in tlie place of the law. The The nobility, it is true, have focne priviiei 

Uoufe of Lords has no fuch power; the annexed to their birth; the judges, and ott 

Houfe of Commons has no fuch power; the magiilrates, have fonie annexed to their < 

Church has no fuch )>ower; the. rich men of ficej and profefllonal men ba?e focne anm 

the country have no fuch power. The poor- ed to their proftflTions. Bat thefe privilq 

eft man arooogi^ us, the beggar at our door, are neither injurious to the liberty or pi 

is governed— not by the uncertain, paifion- perty of other men. And you migbt as n 

ate, arbitrary will of an individual — not by fonably contend, that the bramble ooqjal 

by the ftlfifh infolence of an ariAoeratic fac- he e<]ual to the oak, the lamb to the lienp 

tion — not by the maiinefs of democratic vio- that nodiftindtions ftinuldtakeplacebeCwe 

lence — but by tlie fixed, impartial, deliberate the members of the fame focie^. The be 

voice of Law, enaAed by the general fuflrage thens of the ftate are difbibuted thrmigb t 

of a free pepple. Is yoor property injured ? whole community with as much impart! 

Law, indeed, does not give you property ; lity as tlie complex nature of taxati«) m 

but it afcertains it. Propeity is acquired by admit ; every man fuftains a part in propc 

induftry and probity, by the exercife of ta- tion to his flrength t no order is exempt 

lents and ingenuity ; and the poifelTion of it from the payment of taxes. Nor is any c 

is fecured by the laws of the community, der of men exclufively entitled to the enjo 

Againft whom, think you, is it fecured ? It ment of the lucrative oflSces of the fta 

is fecured againft tliieves and robbers ; agninft All cannot enjoy them, but all enjoy a caf 

idle and profligate men, who, however low city of acquiring them. The feia of t 

your condition may be, would be glad to de- meaneft man in the nation may become 

prive you of the little you pollefs. It is fe- general or an admiral, a ford chaooeUor 

eured, not only againft fuch difturbers of the an archbiihop. If any perfons have been 

public peace, but againft the oppreffion of fimple as to fuppofe that even the Fm 

the noble, the rapacity of the powerful, and ever intended, by the term equality, : 

th^ avarice of the rich. The courts of Bntilli equality of property, they have been qit 

juftice are impartial and incorrupt ; they re- miftaken in tlieir ideas. The Frencii nev 

fpeA not the perfons of men ; the poor man's underftood by it any thing nutariaUy diA 

lamb is, in their eftimation, as facred as tlie ent from what we and our anceilors ht 

monarch's crown t with inflexible integrity been in full polfefllon of for many years, 
they adjudge to eveiy man his o\\ n. Your *' Other nations may deluge thair lai 

property, under their prote^ion, is fecure. with blood in ftruggling for litcrty a 

If your perfonal liberty be unjuftly reftrain- equality; but let it never be ferfotten I 

•d, though but for an hour, and that by the ourfelves, and let us imprefs the obfenratM 

bigheft fei vants of the Crown, the Crown upon the hearts of our children, that we a 

cannot fcreen them ; ttie Throne cannot in poffcfljon of both, of as much of both 

hide them ; the Law, with an undaunted can be conflftent witli the end for viiw 

arm, feizes tliem, and drags them, with an civil fociety was introduced anoongft m« 

irreflftihle miglit, to the judgement of — kind. 

wbom?^^ your equals— of twelve of your "The provifum which is made for tl 

neighbours. In fuch a Conftitution as this, poor in this kingdom is fo liberal, as, in tl 

what is there to complain of on the fcore of opinion of lome, to difcourage induftiy. T] 

liberty } rental of the lands in England and Wal 

** The greatcft freedom that can be en- does nor, I conjeAuie, amount to more thi 

joyed by man in a ftate of civil fociety, the eigliteen millions a-year, and the poor-rat 

greateft fecurity that can be given him, with amount to two millions. The poor then, 

refpe^t to the protedion of his charaAer, prefent, polTefs a ninth part of the laniM 

property, perfonal liberty, limb, and life, is rental of the country ; and, reckoning tl 

afforded to every individual by our prefent pounds for the annual maintenance of tai 

Conftitution. ' . pauper, it may be inferred, that thofe wl 

" The equality of men in a ftate of nature are mainuined by the community do n 

«loes not confift in an equality of bodily conftitutc a fortieiti patt of the people. A 

ftrength or intelledhinl ability, but in their equal divifion of la id would be to the pw 

being equally f I ee from the dominion of eadi a great misfi>rtune; they would potfefs f: 

other. The equality of men. in a ftate of lefs than, by the laws of the land,tl)ey are 

sivil fociety does not cunfift in an equality prefent entitled to. When we add to tl 

coiiiideratii 



would be a miJmaii in pohlickj ivlin uoulil, are not qualifieit to mike the coinpirilon ; 

li)racl»iig« of the ConHituuon, riilt ihefe and 1 1 lire are (o many meo, in every coon- 

biaSiDgs (and Fran-i:f<ip{<lif^ u^Kiitia proof niuiiit]', u ho wifh to liave no governmeiil at 

that inliiiiie rilk wouM he i-un) fur a paltry all, tliat io appeal to ilieic, on fucb a pciint, 

feving of ezpence. I am nut, nor have ever ou^lil never lo be mwl:. 

been, the pation ol corruption. So far as "Tliereare, ptobably, in everji govern- 

Ihe civil lift has a tendency In corrupt the ment upiin earth, clrcnmAances which a 

jwlgenienl of »ny member of either limife of man, atciiftnmeJ to the abOraA invefti ja- 

patliametit, il has a bad (ciulcncy, wHich I lion of tmlli, may ealily prove to be devia- 

wilb it had not. But 1 cannot wilh lo fee liims fmm tlie ligid rale of ilriA political 

the fplendour of the cmwn reduced In no- jufticei but wliillt iliefe deviations are ei- 

Ihji^, left its proper weight m the fcale of' (her getier^lly not known, or, iliougb 

theConftilulion ftiould be thereby deftmyed. known, generally acquiefced in as matttrs 

A great portion of this millioii isexpetkUcd iit of liiLli moment to the general felicity, I 

paying Ihs falaries of tlie juJgei, the iiiier- cannot iliink ii to be the |>ai1, eitikcr of a 

preieri of our law, Ihegnardiai^iof ourlivei giHuJ man, or of a good citizen, lube zealous 

and pnipertiesl AnmheriKiniun i> expend- in recommending fuch matters to ilie difcuf- 

ed in maintaining amballai'ors at dilhrtnt fion of ignorant and uneducated men. 

conn(,<o prMtA thcgeiieralconcems of the " 1 am far h'om infinuatuig, thatlhelci- 

nation from foreign aggtelFion. Another ence of politicks i) involved in myfteryi or 

portion is expended in penfiais and itona- (hit men of plain umlerflandings (buiild he 

tions to men of leners^ind ingenuity) tnmen debarred fi-om examining i lie principles of 

wholuve, by naval, mililary, or civil fer- the Co»emment to which tiiey yield obe- 

vices, juft claims tu tlie ^Iieniion of ilielr dience. All tlial I coniomi for is ttiis-rth-'t 

country I to perfons of refpcftable families the foundations of uur Government uuglil 

and connexions, who have befn himibled not to beiHerlunipd, nor the edifice ercfled 

and broken down by mi^fonnnes. 1 do not thereon tumbled into ruins, bccaute an acute 

fpeak with accuracy, nor on fuch a fubjeCt politician may pretend that he lus difcovcrcd 

it accuracy rcquifue ; but 1 :im not far wide a flaw in the huilding, or that be cunld bjva 

■f truth in faying, that 3 Gfih pait <4 the laid the foundation alter a better tuodel. 

nillioi) is more than fuftitienl to defray tba " What, would you fay to 3 (tnmger whii 

(xpences «f the royal huufehoid. What a fhould deGre you to pull down your houfe, 

mighty mailer it it tu c-impbin of, that each becaufe, forfdolh, he had built nne in France 

individual coninbiMet lels ih:ui fix pence a- or America, aiirr, what he thought, a hei- 

ycar toward! the fupport of ilie monarchy! ler plan ? You would (ay to him, 'No, fir, 

" That the Conftitulien of thii country is my ancefloi E have lived in this mai^inn i 



636 KiView rf Niw PtJfEcaiiont, [Jvlff 



timbtn found. If I fhoald Mwv t decty that the Conftitotion was ia gfMt 

in any of its (arts, 1 know how to nnk« the Whether, in faA, the daflfer was tintL or 

reparation without the affiflanceof ilnmgers; fmall, it i^ not neoelCiry now to eoqoira; k 

and I know too, that the reparation, when may he more oieful to declare, chat» in my 

made hy myfelf, may he made without in- homble opinion, the danger, of whatever 

jnn' either to the Orength or beauty of the magnitude it nuy have been, did not origi* 

building. It has been buffer fid. in theconrfe iiate in anf encroachments of either the k* 

of ages, by a \houiand ftormt; yet ftill it giflative cr executive power on the liberties 

ftands unfliakeii as a rock, tlie woader of or proper? !es of tlie people, bat in the wild 

aU my neighbours, each of whom iighs for fancies an.1 turbulent tempen of difcoateBied 

one cif a (Jmilar conftni6lion. Your honfe or ill-informed individuals. I fineerdy rr« 

may be fuited to your climate and temper ; jnic^ that, through the vigilance of Adminif* 

this IK fuited to mine. Permit me, however, tration, tUis torhulency lus received a check, 

to ohferve to you, that you have not yet Thehopcsof bad men have been dtfappoint* ] 

lived long enough in your new houfe to be ed, and die undenlandings of mifUkca men 

fenfible of all the inconveniences to which it have been enlightened, by the geooral and 

maybe liable; nor have you yet had any unequivocal judgement of a whole nation | a 

experience of its ftrength ; it has yet fnf- nation not more rmowned for its bravery 

taincd no (hocks; the firft whirlwind may and its humanity, though jaftty cseiebrated 

fcatter \ts component members in the air ; for both, than for its loralty tq its princes, 

the firil cirthquake may (hake its founda- and, what is perfcAly confif^ent withloy- 

tion I the firft inundation m-'iy fweep the alty, for its love of liberty, and attachmaDt 

fuperi^i nature fmm the fiirface of the earth, to the Conftitution. >Viie men have formed 

I hope no accident will happen to your it, brave men have bled for it; it is our part 

houfe ; hue I am fatisfied with mine own.' to preferve it. R. LAHDArr. 

*• Great calamities, of every kind, attend L/mekmj Jan. 15, 1793.** 
the break ing-up of eftabli(bed governments; 

yet there are fomo» forms of government, 143. Dialogues om the Wgbtt %f Britonr, he* 
efpecially when they happen to be badly t^ueen a Farmer^ a SniSr^ aid a Mmmfms* 
adminiftered, fo exceediirgly deftruAive oif turer, Dimlofue L 
the liappincfs of mankind, that a change of SUBJECTS, in themfelves the dioft 

them is not improvidrntly purchafed at the important, and, to Englifhmen, pecn- 

expence of the mifchief accompanymg their x^^x\^: intcrcfline. •« feifonshlv and a, 

fubverfion. Our goi-emment ts not of that g.^cablv difcufftd in thefc CoofHtution'sl 

kmd.Lo,>kroimd the globe, and fee If you p;,, and feUlom have we feea fo 

can difcover a fmgle nation, on all its fur- , =^ \ r r 1 r r 1 

face, fo powerful, fo rich, fo beneficent, fo "'"^h ^ood fenfe and jifcful matur con, 

free and happy, as our own. May Heaven ^'Y^^ «" ^o P'^fing ^ form. 
avert from the minds of my cnuntiymen the The Farmer finds the Manufadarcr 

flighteft wifh to ibolilh their Conftitution I In a Atuation which is thus dcfcribcd 1 

' Kingdonif,* obfcrves Mr. Locke, * hive u Rut jf y^^, ^^ ManHUaurer) have been 

been overturned by the pi ide.ambitMMi, and ft„dying Mr. Paine, I am not at all fw- 

turbulencyof private men ; by the people's prifgj j^^ ^^^ ^i^^ ^ become nrftlcfs, 
wanjonnefsand defirctocaltoff theliwful ^^^ y^^^^ jjlc^ ^^^ yo^^ c,rcum(»ances 

autlioriiy of their rulers, as well as by the cmharraflfed. Thcfe are the RroHTS which 
rulers' infolence, and endeavours to get and j^^. endeavours to eftablito among the labo- 
exercife an arbitrary power over the peo- rious part of the community 1 he feeks to 

pie.' The recent danger to our Confl:tution i„f„fe i^^ polfon of difoontent into their 
wa*, in my opinion, fmjll ; for I confideicd mimU, in order to make them his tools to 
its excellence to be fo obvious to men even p. o-ni>te confufion." 
of the moft unimproved underltandiiifs, that t-,^ \m ^ c c\. i«i u 

; looked upon it as an idle and fru.tlef. ef- ,^'^« ?^'""^?^r"T'J'K' ""'"^Z*'?^ 
fort, either in foreisn or domeftic incen- «J '*^<^ >*"»« c'*^'-« had been perfuaded 
diaries, to endeavour to perfuade the bn'k of ^'^at we are not only without our Rights, 
the people to confent to an alteration of it '^^^ ^V*^ ^^ "''* *^*° deftitute of a Cottv 
in favour of a republick. I knew, indet-d, ftitunon 10 this country. 
th;;t in every country the flagitious dregs of ** Mumtfaaurcr. But I wifh to know whero 

a nation were always ripe for revolutioos 1 this famous Conftiiution is to be fonnd. I 
but I was fenfible, at the fame time, that it have feen a copy of the late Cunftitutmn of ■ 
was the imerelV, not only of tlie opulent and France, in a neat little book, containinf the 
pnwerfol, not only of the mercantile and whole complete from beginniog to end, and 
middle clalfes c;f life, hut even of honed la- I dare fay the next will be drawn out and 
boui ers and manufa^urers. of every foher pnbli(hed in like manner : but I have never 
and induf^QOUs man, to refift the hcentious had a copy of the Englif^ Confbtution poC 
principles of fuch peftileot members, (hall I into my hands nor have I heard of any foch 
call them ? or ritfcafls of iocitiy. Men bet** thing being iicpc at ttw Tower, or any where 
ter iahrmeO, aad wifer c/ian myiblf, thoaglit cifo. 



'iHl^T Rmrm tf fttw PtthlUatiint. £37 



fultiaarili of our liberties in iMLr nohleft imotfywurf John N»plef,y" Morcbiilav 

(unn: am) ilieTc adnntaga are pecutwrir By DaiiJ Stewart J^/ ^ Buchin, mi 

muiifeft in ihu liheny anJ (^lat fectiriir Walter Minio, LL.D. Ulvptiti wiik 

■•hkh everf iiullvklual enjoys in this cono- Ctfttr Plaiti. 17-8. 

trr, uliith are Ihe gran Jobless ot fociety, ABOUT twenty ^inijn, thenobte Eirl 

mJ ihc moa valuable bUffiop rt can telli ut, "he thougWit wouJJ berafy Bthiiot 

*™"' , ■ L' 1. 1. t? tngBthcrasroUiieof 1eirn!(liiieo,wbOWWild 

From the minocr in UPhich the Epg- deicaie a pan of tlie:r leifure to erefl lii»- 

hlb Coii1!iTuiioa gicw. JQ ocCHtioD » nu7 tnonuinenLiio ilie imiiioiy of their il- 

Taken to make the followiDg juft le- loftriam connti^mru, wimTe livct had not 

fl.fiion : hitlKrlo been written, or fufficienlly iUuf- 

*' The iTUken of Conililatioq^inay hence tciteil. and be nilbcJ Cuch mouiinierti to 

derive a yi-ryuTeful lefTon, and learn the Oif' be falhioned and exEciileJ Iqr men [lerlbtt- 

ficence betueea tbeoiy W() praflice. Ifall ally emmenC intha de|ianrnemt which dif- 

itisphiloliipheninlheu'aiUI wtreioalfem- tingiiilliei] Cie fohjoft* of their Wosraphieal 

Me, inon)<^,ainncc,Io(ran]eaCoiiftiiti'ion reieirch, and not by the alSriants of a biial(< 

tact cniiii(r7,howe4^;vbeaiKilfllr.Dd illurinE feltcr or compiler, wIk> caiuKUbe ttpa&Bi, 

their plan mighl be in appearance, there is liowcver faithriil and accurate, to he ani- 

' Vtrjliltle chance lluu it woulij foillbe man- mated with thai love lu the CubjeS wlucb 

uu\, tba habitt, ami the natmniit char^^er, tlie Italian arlifl conrulen as the fool of hia . 

of Iba people, nr thill it nrcnild be [iraAicnhle enterprise, and the fource of in perfeAion. 

when it Iboold come to be tried. But the In this expeAalion be has be«n difappoint- 

Fnncli, JeTi' bag even 'he adv^ag* of calm od." Hii Lordlhip tiM not fiiceeedeil in n- 

ciiini fuch a (pirit of enqtury ai Sir fMu) 

Sinclair ha* doM. Hit phn mxdA Mr* 

fnraiflud manf valuable aiticlsi tu tlw A*. 

rrafU* B'iimmimi ""tbeb anklet, writua 

with car« lad with laai) b n Ut t«(^(A 

tbemrelvdiuian ifoJuted ftaM, \r< tM^nUnb 

hvour, would Uve btwukM vftVl W*- 



638 RtviiW $f Niw PMcatiOHi. [Jvly, 

quent editors into that great repofitory of of the Apocalypfe. His " plain difeo- 

biographical learning, in a highly-finUhed Tery" that the Pope was Antichrift WH 

flate. With refpea to the biography of printed 1593, and tranflated into French 

Scotland, one of the judges* there, who {„ ,603. " With refped to his fancifnl 

would have done it honour, in itsbeft days, by calculation of the complciioo of the pro- 

hisvirtwj, his attention to the dignity and y^^^^^^ concerning the duration of^the 

.duties of his (btion, and the ufeful employ- J^^^, j ^y^^ in%hich this monument 

mentol hisleiiure, has generoufly offered, ^ .«.A.j ^i u:. «-««rM /--«fl\ :■«»« 

by an advertifement annexed to the AnnalJ « '"^^^ ^^ **" TiLTZiV^Vj^Jf 

3the Lives of John BarcUy, author of the ^!^^«»y fif'J''^' '^ /*';f ^°^ '^ '■^y 

[Wrgi^s, and foiie other learned Scots, to '^' •"'f^^^i and, no doubt, muft be the 

forward the undertaking I wilh to promote. ye«r of judgement, with refpeft to the 

J flaiiermyfelf that this article of Napier, in autiienticity of his dilcovery, and the 

the Biografbia Sc9tica, wiU be confidered, in merit of thofe arguments which are 

Ibme refpeAs, as a fpecimen of the plan I brought forward to fupport his claim" 

have defcribedi for it certainly has been (p. 14, n) His wonderful invention 

written con amove. In the fcientific part I to kill 3000 Turks without the hazard 

have received the affilUnce of a gentleman of one Cliriftiao, of which he made an 

who deferves to be beucr known on ac- experiment, by the dcftniftion of a great 

. count of his mathematical learning, and the ^^py jje^d of caiile and fliccp, but fuf- 

accuracy with wliich he treats the fubjc«s j^^^j jj humanely to die with hiip, 

.fllhiseijquiry IfthefoUowmg publication ^^^jj ^ave been at leaft eiamined, as 

IhouU have ttie goodTortune to meet the . ^ , ^„ ^l^^ . ^.^ ^^.^ ^^ ^j^^ ^^^. 

approbation of tlie learned world, it is my \ . c- -'t^i ^ tt l > c 

SSnUun to give an account of thi lives and dulous S.r Thomas Urqhart. See p. .5, 

writings of Andrew Fletcher, of SaUounf, "• J^*: ^^'^^s, mathematical proftffor 

jmdJohnLawt,ofLauriefton,onihe(amt of Grelham-college. vifited him every 

plan. The firft undertaking wUl fumilh fummer in Scotland, where he died m 

jnc with an opportunity of reprefenting the 16 17, >g«d 68, and was buried in the 

antient ConAitution of Scotbnd in what I family-vault at Edinburj^h, without any 

apprehend to be a clearer light than has hi- mooumenr. He was twice married, and 

therto been offered, and of treating the left five fons and fix daughters. His 

caufes end confcff|uenccs of the Union be- biographer proceeds to drfcribe the flate 

twecn llie two kingdoms ; and the other of arithmetick before Napier's difcovery. 

will open an ample field for exhibiting the Hc then defcribes what are called Nm^ 

difordcrs in the finances of France, occa. ^,^^., ^^«^j rods, or paralklopipcdf, 3 

' ^i ^V^^r'^^fu'' ""'^^ °, r^"'' ^^ • inches fquare, each face divided into 10 
and the Miffifippi fchemc, and for explain- ^ » ^^ ^j^-^j, , ^ 

■ ing by what means they have been gradually -^ . ^ in \ u \c c ti \.C 
niedied, and brought to a (late which yJs "^ *^^ '"»^**.^^' *"*' t °^ ^\ T^c " 
enabled that nation not only to bring her oj* extremity, or the top, and half ac 

■ naval'force and her tiade to a dangerous ri- the other extremity, or the bottom, 
▼allhip with this country, but to obtain that Every one of thde fquarcs is cut by a 
frofcV by g«erf/i/VA which, in/srmfrr/mri, had diagonal from left to right, upwards. 
grvtn fi decided a Juteriority to Britain. If At the top of each face is fome one of 
Separate lives of illudrious perfons fbojid be the 10 digits, o, i, 2, 3, &c. Another 
written on the pbn 1 propofe, and were contrivance was his muUiplicati§nis 
accompanied by portraits, elegantly engraven promptuanum, a box of 200 figured /*- 
by the beft artifts, and the wliole executed melU, 1 1 inches long and i broad, each 
in a firoilar manner, in the fame quarto fize, divided into 1 1 equal parti, of which 10 
and with the fanie tyije and piper, they }„ j^e middle arc fquare, and two-thiids 
tvould gradually form the nobleft work ^f ^j^^ ,,thatone extremiiy, and one- 
which has been offered to the republick of j^j^^ ^^ ^^e other : every one of thefa 
letters in any age or country/' ^Jv.r/y.«.^ ^ ^j^j^^^ by 9 Icfs ; 100 lamell, 

Napier was born m 1550; his father, ^\^ ^^.j, oncfouith of an inch thick, 

Sir Archiba d, b.ing matter of the mint, ^^^ ^y^^ ^^^^r ioo one-eighth. Another 

and his mother, Janet, daughter of Fran- ^^ j^j, indentions was local arithmetick. 

CIS Bothwcll, one of the fenators of the ^, ^^^^ ^f counters properly placed on 

College of Juftice. He was educated at .'^^efs board. The hinVof Ihe rods, 

St. Andrew's, and there, about 1566, ^^^ ^^e promptuary, which is only an 

when he could not be above 16, bc^an improvement on them, is taken from the 

to turn his t houghts to the e xpl aoauon ^^^,,,, Pjtbagoricus, or common niulti- 

* Lord Hailes. pUca'ion-txble. Had the logarithms 

;How this has been done, fee p. 52. remained undifcovered, the promptuary 

WeihitH foon preient our readers with wouVd» "\u aVV ^XQ\iabvV\V], Vv%vc bi&coaie 
ft JCUMUir o/r/m /i/c by anoiJier band* ' >)kt[v(«t\i^'^ 



1. Iirptoviments on them, aftir 
s ddth, by Mcrcxor, Htlley, 
ind o:her mathcmiticians of the 
e. Stil.Vir. ti(.i5oflhe ufeof 
rnhni. Thin follows id ippcn- 
itainii'^, i. m analyiicil ihcory 
>eirlilimsi i.aiiblcof N; ' ' 



3- I 






4. <hc hypcibola, is conneflcd 
e togiriihmi ) j. propctiics of 
imhmt; and, Ullly, ■ li|] of 
uoicd or conlulted 10 elucTdate 
and writinet of N«fhct, There 

pliies of Yogiriihniicil figures ; 
itcd H a portrait ot Kapier, en- 
by Bcogo. from a draiving by 

in the polTemon ol Lord Bit- 
hich dots nol eminCDily expicfi 
t and fweet Countenance of hit 
rtraiiE{p. 15). 

d *<>« Ibi Vmvi'Jf, „/ Ojlloril, 
mAc. a™/.-,.. i?v William Piikfr, 
Cbaplaii ii O-ilinay I, til Mijr-Jfy, 

1/ St. Jjm«, Ueftminftej, ^W 

puhlit^xion of the ihle defencM 
led reliuion and the Molaic hjf- 
nH Bolnigtiiokc, Mur^^n, md 
'.tiet writers and againtl Mid- 
Urpiicit Riemlier of the EDab- 
Tu there aic added fernioni 
ulai fubjiSi and occafiom, and 
lation ol the dilfcTcoci Urwcea 
iiBtwItyle. 



pan church, fets out with ■□ »ppeal tt> 
reafon and Tcripiure, and profellion of 
great refpefl to Dr. P; but eodi in fuih 
vifionary fligh|S of myfticifm that ther« 
feems no ground to conclude he will in- 
duce any change in hit aoiagonin'i fee* 

143. CMi«r/a(;«i en ChrUlian fJJ-iry, in ibr 
l«ri79,. f^WiftB/ijFTbwpbilusLind- 
fey, M.^. 

IT is not eafy to conceiTc what end 
can be anrwered by annexing to the wor- 
fhip of the majority of Chridians an ap- 
pellation which, itcording to Mr. L't 
own cunllruOion, i> harmlefsi but, be- 
ing ufed in a more oLnoxioui dnle, may 
embiitei the miDds of men, and particu- 
lirU of religious difpuunis. The pam- 
)ihlet coDlaint a n:caphuUtion ol the 
Ccriptuie arguments for Uniiiriiiiifm, 
and a wift to fee Dr. Clarke's (ifotmed 
Liturgy brought iotu general ufe. Dr. 
Difney inaounces his reformation of the 
Liturgy. 

149. ASfTKii, ^™i4f./jr Ramnaple, May 

16, 1791, a/ li, V,/tUlilH ^ Iht »(t. 
Tbomas Halgny, ArtbdraKn of VVinchcf. 
ter. Bt Edward Salter, M. ^. DoHrfii, 
Cbap'ain It ti. D.li rf Glouctfter, /-.(- 
itnd.ir} ,f YotV, &■<-. 
CONTRARY to the plin of the 
French Revoluiioniili*, Mr. S. »rv 

*See before, p. 57, B,itat«,l«&,tt:«rv\iOi 
bJAory of iL 



C40 Rmw of flew PuhBcations. [July, 

Mpcily concludes his difcoorfe, from Annentay and Natolia, or A(ia Mioor^ • 

B Pcti ii« i6» dias: '* No fort of liberty fee rol. LIX. p. XO14. 

can abfolve man from hit obedience to 

God I or, ID other words, obedience to 15}. Tbt D^ntteof St. John atui iitFmitk 

God is the juft mwfure of all human if tbt firfi Chriftians mt Umtarian: AStfrn 

UbertV*'* *"^' prtacbei hefire the XJtuvrfity of Ox« 

^* ford, at St. Peter's, w Sunday, FeDnoiy 

_. _ . .r* B t B Tu 27, i79'» -ffy Daniel Veyfic, ^.Z>. F^Z/fn^ 

,50. D^r, « P.«» ; m r^ Booh, By John ^^ q^j^j ^^j, ^ ^ .• y^ j^^-..^ 

^^r;r ^^/*^^''7 ^;::!;'T ' *^''''' * ^"'-^*^* -' whitehan. ^ ^ 

•m«n rk i f I. *K- .«..»r «f MR. V. fcem« lo hire eftaWiflied the 

MR. D. properly felt tl e want of ^^^^ 3^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ 

notes to render the P';^^*-^'**^,"*^ f ..f ,Linft (he Gnoftics, whom he cooil^ 
cor ^"8^^^5°'g'^^«^^^';fjy i^^^;^^^^^ after a minn.r incoifment with the dif- 

fuSiea fiVftii i ■ aan'cts oVn^r^^^^ ^i^^^ U--" ^"^-«• 

imiftton of the antieots, and our own jr^ruUcation.fthc DiJf^er^lnOxhri, 

beft poets, do bim equal credit. ^Iddrejffd to tU lih^AitJu, in re fly /• dJ* 

Tat ham's Simfm lately fMJktdf ajfter hav» 

l^U A frienMy Addrefi to the nveU-difj>ofed i„g ^.^ f reached in OidorCi Many Suodaff 

sad ftaceable Inbabitanti oftbit bapfy Lartd, fucceJJUvely. By Jnmcs HintoO. 

ur - Serlez cfLeftm v,Hcn appeared in the ^^ ^ ^(^-^^^ ^^ ^^^ g -^ ^, 

£t7Tl,%?w'A?2. To gregation which is .he only rng,^. 

•S islied, ^JEffly on tbe sLe^irade, "«» ^^ P^«V'<^-"^ ^f •^»«/« '» O^^:^' 
e^nionUheh. By Kmi^. complains of Dr. T's roifrcprefentatioo 

THE beft account of this colleaion is ^^ !**" Anahaptifts and Difleniers, at 
» Dr. ucii .wwiuHi. «i uiia »^ w * tcachers unlnrntTd aud deficient in abiU* 
what Its author furcner lavs in nis ritle- j • r . u- r if . j u- 

w»ui».i*»«- >^ ^ • . ^ J .^ ttcs, and vimlicaics himfeif and his COB* 

oaec: " Thele leiteis are intended to • r .i.* i. «x/ 

r"B*; , *'ii * • • 1. * .u-»- Sfrcgation from this charcc. We are 

"P-' \*'!.^'-^^''" f "p'^'mM," P,l , forry to hear good mc,. o?.»y denomU 

Md «h<r modern reftrfmeiss tohnng t.U of cootroverfy. Mr. H. lam.o, h« 
into . coroprehenfive v.cw «»;« b«ii .« „„„^j ,,„. ,„^\, („ ,,„ ,„,g„fieenl 
and r«culur excellences of the Britifc ,j^^^^j^^ ^^ q^^^j ^^ RoWnron met 

form 01 eoTcrnmtnt; and to Icrvc as an • . j./r . . . ^ r« u • i 

intSote fur thofe poiionou- fcntimcnts ^^^^ ^^^^^^"^ ^^*^»^"^"' '^ Cambridge, 
anempted to be infufcd intothe minds ,-.rr4t;././W^/ SwiflferbnJ, Italy, Sicily, 
of the people by alTiduous endeavour, of -,'A,Greek/y7W,,/oConftanti^r,pl/, /W* 
the Ignorant, ambitious, and dcfigmng.* p^,^ ^j Qricce, Ragvfa, and the Oalm^ 

I/le», In a Series of Lettert to Pennayr^- 
S(t. The Boute to India, though France, Watkins, li/7. /»•« Thomas Walkius, itf. 
Germany, Hungary, Turkey, Naiolia, A. in tbe leart n%';^l^%%^ and ijl^. 
Syria, mndtbeDefart e/" Ar:«bia ; ot^/f^ /£« THES£ Travels are dedicated to tli« 
Difanct, Tim^y Mode, and Expence of Tra^ Counref. Poulet } and in the pie face the 
veiling. By Captain Mactliew Jenour, on writer apoloeifes fo/ the numerous §r» 
tbe Half' fay of bis Majcflfs lub Regiment rata, and falfe pointing of his fir ft to. 
oj font, late of tbe loid. lume, as the fault of an ignorant ama« 

A PLAIN narrative of dire6lions, nucnfis, the hurry of the printer, and 
with iome brief defcnprions, lift of the the author's diOance fiom the preCa* 
ftages and very few/f>f-/0'i«a/, calcula- One would think all this dcficiencf 
tion of expence, and lift of neccirary might have been fupplied by fome lice* 
Turkiih words. <* As this publication rary friend refidcnt on the fpot of pobli* 
is defigned merely as a guide to an^ fu- cation. But we have experienced greatec 
ture traveller, it is hoped an unintcr* difappointroent from the wailt of novdty 
cfted reader will nut be offended at the in the traveller't obfervatiocs, and the 
difapi)oiotment he may meet with in the little real information we find. Tlit 
perufal, from the deficiency of Ian- firft part of his travels in France %ni 
goage, dcfcription, and general enter*- Spain, which, from viriout etrcom* 
tainmcnt." To it is added a track ftances, would probably have been oiora 
acroft the peninfula of India, of 455 interefting, he haa fuppreifed, yet it Ire* 
computed miles. Of Dr. Howel's Jour- queotly noticing aUtinona to theoii where 
Ml of a palTage thiough India^ thiough Icaft fufpefted. 

He 



Cnem, Pmwh, MUan. Sroi, fiamiem, f r life (p. itj), Mr. Wt .poloev for 
r^mt, Mfiiam, BtlejHJ. FItrncr, Pi/a. il'it iiici>ii[l<l..j>e la, il.ii ih» wtn 
Le^l^rw, Sitmma, La^t di Btlfemk Vi- ■K/rjrwnti i. /.ymr, ii , p„(,r mir^ginoni 

ttrnm ind ftmftil, Pmfla. 
~*'XIJX. 1961 LX. J7. 
C«HT. Mac. 7«/», 17»J- 



gCtTation» infietd of an alleviation, of 
whatever followed u ; for which he it 
commended by thtL admirable jud^e of 
humttn nature, the late Sir Jn. Fielding. 

In defcribiog the f^mou^ Grand Char- 
treuic, near Grenoble, ^ after exclaim- 
inz al)out St. Bruno, Poor maniac I he 
wiHies the famous Alhmm were tran- 
fcribed by foroe nx/ag, and publiflied in 
England,— 0/& nvbat ftatitntnUl — grave 
and philofophical, tender and elegiac, 
with the authors* names at full length 
(p. 173). Perhaps the French reformers 
have, by this time, fired them all in car- 
ti idge$, and blown up the convent as a 
place d*arm$i. 

Mr. W. iDcline<; to prefer Livv's ac- 
count of Hannibal's paffage over the 
Alps to that of Polybius j notvvithf^and- 
ioe <hc latter not only cooveifed with 
ofHcers who ferved under his fr'end Sci- 
pio againft Hannibal, but had a6lu.illy 
reconnoitred the fpot himfelf : for Mr. 
W. thinks he could not fliew Italy tj 
his troops from any part of the moun- 
tains except the Ctl at FiMiflnllii \ and 
ihat he could not have crolicd the Du- 
rance by any other route (p. sS8, 189). 

Of tiie Venus of Medici Mr. VV. ex- 
claims, " Timu parent of love ! how 
iball I defciibe thee, who art all beauty 
and all perfcS>ion!" (p. 295). 

« Sii }. Dick, com^ul at Leghorn, 
cleared ro lefs than 50,000!. by a com- 
tn'.lVion f.*r vi^^ualing the RuHian fleet 
in the laft Tuikifli war, given him by 
Count Or!ow, who made ufe of his 
houfe while he lay at Leghorn. His 
mode of obtaining this is Oill reprefent- 
ed here as a Bnc ftroke of policy. It 
was, in a manner, determined that one 
Fraink, a Geiman met chant, fliould 
have this fmplo\mcntj but Sir Jolin, 
ka^iwing the faf\idious anJ vain charac- 
ter of Orlow, fitted up a large houfe in 
ihe moA elegant £ngli(h Oyie, dividing 
it into fummer and winter apartments. 
The bait took ; the Ruilian gave it the 
preference to Mr. F's. and its owner the 
Tery lucrative commiHion" (p. 315). 

In che Clementine mufcum ik ch? tumb 
of Publius Scipio, found in the mo:u;« 
ment of that tlluOrious familv, lately 
difcovcrcd near Rome ^j the churafltrs 
en it are extremely rude (p. 338). —» 
Mr. W. is convinced that "Raphael's 
Scbdti tf Aibens, in the Vacicau, iud 
notiiint; fupenor to it, or, he believes, 
e<)ual, Jiin tbt age 9f Prriciti'* (ib.) 

* See our vol. LIX* p.289. Alex^tndcrVI. 
dcnroyeJ i: K pyrarnid of Scipb fur itt Aenes 
, f.% pave die Cii. tv. (p. 377). 



The palace of Farnefc and villa Me- 
dici have been (Iripped of their rival coU 
le£tions by the King of Naples and the 
Grand Duke of Tufcany, to whom ihty 
devolved by fuccefTion (p. 345). 

The caflle of St. Altgelo is btiih n 
tbe foundatiom of Adrian's roaufolcuoi 

(p. 349)- 

** You may fuppofe the houfcf of 
p3mpeii are in high prefervatioo, when 
1 tell you that we faw, on the (ill of t 
window, JIains of fame Jucb ftquar as 
cefffi or fbocolate, made by the bottomt 
of the rups." Wonderful preiciiatUNI 
indeed ! — hut is it poilible I 
. p. 424. FcrcuLe Caudinx. 

«* We found the court at Naples very 
brilliant, and the King very gay ; for, at 
Sir William wa^ reading over the bard 
Etighjh names of the gentlemen he pre« 
fented, his Majcfty burfl out a laughing 
in the middle, made his bow, and walk- 
ed on. He is extremely partial to hoot- 
ing, (hooting, filhing, rowing, and « 
thoufand other things, in which, the/ 
fay, he is very c'.Mrer. The Qijcen re- 
moved out cf the drawing-room into 
another apartment, in which tlie officers 
of three or four Neapolitan regiments 
had the honour of killing her hand ; fo 
that, for an hour and an half, there was 
nothing but kneeling and kifling. How* 
ever, I (hould fuppofe this was not very 
difagreeable to her, for ihc certainly held 
out to them the finoft band and arm i 
rver faiv** (p, 414). What a wit this 
traveller is ! As to Sir William Ha- 
milton, it is to be recolledUd that he 
prefented him and his companions ac 
court, and invited thtm three times tQ 
dinner in twp months; while the French 
ambadador obliged tliem to dine with 
him feldom lefs than three times a ucck, 
at a fuperb table, with the firfl company 
in Naples. 

Vol. n. is infcribed to Eail Wycomh, 
who is chara£teriled as having travelled 
to fuch advant^gcf, that his infoimatiott 
h btcuiitc piwvciUinI, ^i.d uniting the 
ni^nncis of a ^ciivlcmiin with the con- 
vtrlation ot a kloUr. The author, n<>W 
la.iiieJ at Mwiiioa (uff whofe h-ightt 
Sir Geoice Byni; dcdruyed the Spanifil 
fl ct, i7ii>,'and Sir GtOigo Tococke firft 
drew his. fword fur liis country, which 
he fliCiihcd ai the H^vannah) (iefcribes 
that eitv. and lis futftrrngs bv the late 
earthquakes, in a iirief but feeling man- 
ner. — *' Fiaving found a baiket of freftt 
anchovies and fume tggs, our Irahanfer- 
vant iotm produced aitiofl admirable fiy, 
auJ au omulette^ to which a <^ooU tioufe- 

wife 






^ • ■ 

1793.] RfvUw •/ Niw PutSioiimi. 14^ 

iriil ttUcd a ctlct of blind whiter thao of the Weft Indtet. but tbcir fajar !t ' 
tty I hftd Cfcr tiMOt aiid t flalk of wioe Tweeter than aov otl^cr. The antmal 

that WAS m perfcA cwdial. Then it was produAioDS are fimilar to thofc of Italy, 
we leltoantlvM in Sicily^ for in no other ' hot the horned cattle are a fmaller breed. 
awntty cotild fuch fare be found ac the ' The coafts abound with fifli, panicnlarlf 

aaaa balitation of ajicafant'* (p. 6» 7). wuh luooy and anchoviet, the cf port 

^ Etna ii divided »to three rei^ioot 1 ^ which formi a very lucrative branch 

UfkimmMf or level, im JjflviJIrm, or of commerce. There are mines of fit ver» 

woodyy uAim dtfirtat or defolate. The copper, and lead, but none are worked* 

mwadicahff height of it from the Me- Near Palma are bcdi of the beft futphuri 

.mmnean- b. 10,958 feet, the afceat, at the mouth of the river Giaretta ia 

bf n»d» about a6 mllet, and the eir- found a yellow amber, preferable to that 

camfcreaco at the bafit 160" (p. lO). of the Bakic, aod, in every part of the 

After the fatif^ing labour of penecraciog ifland, quarriet ol marbles, that have 

le.tkt crater in the winter, thev (bund at furniflicd materials for all the noble edi- 

the coBvcBt a good fiipper and two ei« fices of Sicily. Tlie mod beautiful are 

cidknt bads, and encltim, " Wh|c lui- in the neighbourhood of Palermo, par« 

B, after fuch peril and &tigoef" (p. ticulirlv the yellow, and thofe that re» 

. ** The different fpecies of lava, feinble the verde antique, porphyry, and 

Inind upon the fides of this mounuin, lapis lasuli. The population of the 

■v Aoc 10 numerous, norof (bfulphure* ifiaiMl ampunts to 1,300,000 fouls; not 

eit a qualitv, as thofe of Veluvius. as much again a^ the Cngle city of Syra* 

Tbereja much fal armoniac [ammoniac 1 cufe formerly contaiord" (p. 76, 77). 

nd fcmigineous inatter 10 themi but I At their return from Sicily our tra« 

caoooc diuover that they are* as aflerted, vellers were fpedators of an eruption of 

more porous and lefs vureous than the Vefuvius. "The liquid hva burft out 

Vefuviao" (p 19). The innkeeper ac of the mountain with impctuofitv, and 

Citania told them, that Mr. , who ran down in a (low thick dream, not lefs 

bs publiihed fuch a minute defcriptioa than two mles in length, and 20 feec in 

oF hit journey to the crater of Etna, was breadth, fo hard that with difficulty I 

never there, but fick in Catania when could rhruft a large Hick into it, even ac 

his party afcended, he. having been their ihc fourct" (p. 79). 

guide (p. *i). "The republick of St. Marino, the 

" Ariftotle, in that part of his woiks fmallcft independent ftare in the world, 

which tieats of the nature of animals, is confined to a barren mountain, on 

ebfervcs, that the country of Lconiium which flands a town, five churches, a 

was fy rich in paRure that its cattle convent, and three caftlcs. All ihc in* 

fometimts died ot groffntfs*' (p, 25). habitants do noi exceed 5000 j and hap- 

^s this mean fat^ or the effeft which piW f«» for their fmall number has pre- 

feeding on frcfli clover has on cattle in icrvcd to them their freedom. Each 

England, making them fwcll till they lioufe has the piivilcgc of fending a de- 

buift > We have noc Aiiftotle ds AnU pwty to the Are»go, or National Conn* 

MMitbus before us, «^il i *>"^ the authority of this general afr 

The greater part of the temple of fcmhiy is dslegated to 40, except upon 

JunoLucina, atGirgenti, is ftilUx/tfii/" particular occafions, when all con'veiu" 

(p. 50). Mr. W. has made an ample (p* 97). 

difplay of his clalTical reading* in his^ "The Rubicon is a nnnow river, that 

iiort account cf Sicily, in 76 pages,' fcarce ftems to move through its <lcep 

which took up lefs th'an fix wteks to hanks ot clay. On the Northern fide 

travel over. •• Even now, under all the antient lapidary infcriptions, almofl oh- 

impediroents of fupcrflition and bad go- litcratcd, ac leaft / could not rtad thtnC* 

vprnment, Mr. W. obfcrves, its pioduc- (p- 99 )• 

tioos arc, in quantity and quality, the The ferry to Venice is called the £«• 

bed in Europe. Of the vegetables are ^w (p. »oo). Js not this tl.c name 

grain, wine?, iP, fruits, tobacco, muU commi»n to all the inlets of water 

berry-trees for the filk- worms, cotton, ihroughout the city? 



* Tliey read at zytry fpor, " the csrrhfe xh^rine of Ai ra^'«»n > 
PeIns^»if^9rf/^^libraiy''(!KsO' Thi dt(ciipi:oa oj iVAs '* c\iv o'i x\^ 



644 Review of New PuhUcatlons^ [ JuIjTr 

waves," as Mr. W. calls ir, p. 139, and govirnatorl, or commandert* ThaA 
the abftra£^ of its hi(lory and revolutions, men are taken from merchant-ihips for 
are more inrercAing tlun any thing that the purpofe, and are gcDerally good pi- 
has \ct occurred 10 thefe letters. Its lots in rhe Mr-diterraoeao. Tl:e navy U 
original ^^ovcrnntent was an OcLO* com pofeU of (Iiips and galley s, the cap- 
CRACYy wi'.ufc charafleriilicks are ca- taios of the latt':r, though now hecome 
price, ir.judice, and cruelty in the. cxcr- ufelefs, take precedence of the formir, 
cil'c of power** (|\ 1x6). Hereditary becaufe of prior eftablifliment" (p. 1^5). 
arinociacy v^as eAaMiihed by the doge •* When I got up on the morning of 
Gradcnigo, in the i4ih century. Mr. our arrival, I beheld the obje£( I moft 
\V. dates the decline of Venice folely to dcfired to ftc; I beheld — oh let me 
the t'.ifccveryof apilligc round the Cape write it in Itilicks, t kg maim tand of 
pf Good Hops to the E.»ll Indies (p. Greecf, the Peioponnefui (p. i66). 
177). He is of opinion, that the cafy In Zmte is a icniaikahlc pitch-fpringi 
char4£^cr of ihofe uho rule at prtfrr.: fo gr.at a (juantity rifts with the water, 
has greatly a'oated the fevciity of the tiiac tlic pr()|>rtctors col!e5V, one year 
j^oveinment (p. 133). Hwfc he p-irted with anorher, 80 large barrels. Its fcent 
f;om his* ftUow-iravirilcrs, who let off is much flrongsr than that of vegetable 
for Germany, aiid ?»Ir, \V. accepted the pitch, and on coming out of the earth it 
clTcr of accompanying the amc)air;:dor of is quite foft, but foon hardens in tlw lif 
the rcpu'.dtck to ConHaniinoplc (p. (p. 160). 

139). "According ro his defcrijition, iVr. ^V^ dcfciibfs ihe MrffM//i at the 
Padua run»> to rcfcmblc Li.icci\ef. Jts on'v orccks vviio rcfemble their predc* 
j»ih?.bitar.cs arc not in proportion to its ctir-rb ; they arc as free and independent 
fizc, 8 mil=s round, thcie being (o many as the antitnt Spartan^, being defended 
fluids and gArdiiis wiL!iin the vnuU^, and by ihwir povtrty and the inacccflibilityof 
fo many houfes uniniiablte«i. ** Tiic tlicir miiuntain";, at fond of arms, ftiU 
Venetians maki.' iramadeiateuf^ of CvilTce, ucaiing on i!;cir luads iron h;:lme[s, in 
taking it at leaft fix or fevcn times a dsvj wliich ihiry occ^fi-Mially boil their black 
it ail comes t'lom \L.cho, and Is very dit- broth. They are a<; addi^^cd to robbery 
fercnt from what wj have in Eu^'Iand, too r.s their ::nccfiors, and, like ihem, 
which is g^*ner;»llv tlie proi;j6l ot cur think it an luv.ioinablc acV, provided it 
Well Irvlia iiland,** (p. 144). be don. w.Jiout dc:c6\ion (p. 171). 

<* The laft of our countiyjn* n w^o vi- Mr. \V. points, ojt tl.c ifland Milos as 
fittd Zinte war* tha: great phiUnthiupifk a dcfi.a'.ds |;;>l!".iriun fjr England (p. 
"iklr, HoivarJ, whifc linipiuitv of man- iTo)* H- ♦•*^^' ihcic lomc heaps of 
rcis .ir.d extreme al»l^:n. n^-c (t''»r he fub- broken inarliic, (a.ipofjd to jjavc l>ein 
filled on bread, tiui:<:,a(id ica,) aTiojiih- Cac ti>inl> uf Mnclliicjs, wlio was fh'p- 
cd all who k'levv him. Ti.cy wrre lur- wrecked lii-.ic, (.n bib return fri»m Troy 
pr.icd that a iii>.n ot hi: fv»i:ii!.c fhould ('i. lo?). It lb iw..\ i roliiblc hi> 10 nb 
vOiii- in a mtrchant-fiiip, ^^itiiout t.tn w^s a b<rr"\.v of cAtih -..tM) / o:i^h Jlonti. 
■jL Iuvii:t to -attend him. I ro'.d them ibic Sj.aki.ig of ibs craihy f-f t'nc Aihrman , 
hi cznfulttd ibg bsntj't of muHkhiA tt.orc wiio, w-itii ihoy fjipiiftd ilu capital wt 
than bis oivn rjnvtrtitmt! : i)u: ihty hi-l tios iriuLi, pur ail liic men 10 the i.voic, 
not z't'-fus enough to c^jiiipruund me" an i iold liie vwniirn a.id childr. n fhr 
(p. ifi^)' Ihvt", he af'ds, •• Is it not a fertrc im- 

»* i hou^h ihe Veattians poifcfs 14 puta'im ui>>'i the nutuieof man, that a 
fu'.! uf ih? line. bcHdcs frigate:, of whlcii pcwj> c U> d.ui-tlA to plulofophy as the 
I ..V bijil immoilciauly, ;h:ir navy is Atliwi.ia.is coul I be c.jpable of an aflioni 
r;.i;;l djIpCiible J and, ill itality, it u tic ^nur mi:;' tf which cannot l)C exceed- 
ijMpoHiMs to he otherwlfw', as uiiig as the cd by the moll f.i?jge inhabitaots of 
picfenc mode r»f nauncal educat!on, and Ahica? From' this, and otbtr example! 
t!\c prcfcnt inv.di' u*; diflinftion bciwecn of .1 fnnilar natuie, I fear that cruelty it 
th'.ir officers fubhik. None but nob'c (ii^ncrally I peaking) a principle inherent 
Vcnctiaoi can luvc the command of a in our dif^>oruion«;, and not to be cradi* 
Ihip, and only four yeais fcrvice are je- caccd bv the moll raiidlnl and refined 
ruirctl to (^uaiify them for ths charge, fyflcm of cduca:ion" (p. 180). D#ct 
Their inabi.ity in this important ftaiion not ihis .ipply mod ftrifilly tothc modera 
would be too detrimental to the intereft Athenians, the French, who, to all the 
pf the rcpublick, if it were not fr the advant.igcs of cultivation, had the doc* 
experience of the maflcrs (i cajita/ii)^ trinei of Cbriftiar.ity luptraddedj but^ 
wJiu ire r.o o:hcr llua the oarfcs ot the hivins' ihj^^v\ iUe\.a vjll\ arc b.okc lo »fe 

»». a ...1. .... 4*1., ,.•-. .. 



) 



Rnitm if Urn ^PfABtatkiul 



6« 



W» ndwr otctftooii himrdf id 
nag dit ticttmeDC of Torkiik 
B UM Ktgro dwiwtt (p. S09). 

W. feood the.fourcet of the 
■der i§ek r«V. M. Che?«Iicr ((ke 
XII. p. 735} eiifily as dcfcribed 
ner, one Lot ibe other cold. Ac- 
p to the fonatTf thef^ two iaft are 
Kandria Troat> the more modem 

tccordiDg to the Utter, they fcrve 
:rtaiii the antient Troy (p. 194"^ 

Mr. Watkioi juflly fufpeat the 



■i perfuaded that the whole earth 
*4 in point of profpcd, any thing 
kgj§ ^fmriomsg mutfi heinikfui, as 



xmStim tenfold worfc than orer Chandler, ao yean befoc?* did dit feo 
■d ibt old or the new world } thefe tombi (p. 108}/ «* Near the mid- 
dle of the plain of Marathon is a laige 
hanpowy which / htRtm to he the tomk 
of MiltUu/ts (rather of the Athenian^). 
It hat lately been pcrfora'.edy and found 
a folid maft *• The riiins of the trophy 
are ftiU extant on the North fide of the 
inoiinaft and many tomb-ftonei ercft 
upon the plain t« A French artift dug 
and fonnd three brickt* on each of wMch 
was fiamped the word AfivvsiMrb I alfo 
procured a labourer, fcarched abote an 
hour, and raifcd fcyeral, ^tti imu ur- 
*t and urn pretended' to have been firihut* (p. 31a). It not French chi« 
in the barrow of Achillea (p. canery at work here, as at Troy \ 

^ At the Noith end of the plain It the 
▼illaj^ of Marathon, where, to my graac 
furpnfe, the inhabitants told the confol 
they often hear the mMfes at of arms and 
w'of Cooflantioopie. The view the neighing of horfesy which Paufamat 
pica, from its bay, has indeed been mentions. Some natural, though an* 
competition with this, but, I am known caufe mud exift" (p. 313). This 
« no man who has feen both — - a Aory hat been handed down from the 
itan excepted" (p. 314). tintc of Panfanias, Spon, and Wheler, to 

ic pl.'Kue is not, a& l<«nic think, that of Chand'cr and Watkins. 

Of Rigufa Mr. VV. fays, " Their hof- 
pitaliry to Orangers cannot be ixceedcdf 
in (hort, their general chara^er has in it 
fo few defers, that I do not htHtatc to 
pronounce them (as far as my experience 
of other peoplf will permit me) tht 
'wiffjp, bift, and bappiift 9/ fiatts*' (p. 
339). He infcrts three copies of Latin 
vcrfes with which they honoured him. 

The Travels, of which the fccond to« 
lume has nHbfded us liie mod informa- 
tion (though both are rather fuperBcial, 
and might have been condenlcd intp 
>jc£l were never f^risfacVory, but one) conclude with an account of the 
fomc icifon to iliink the iiooks death of the author's father, to whom 
Ul tken" (p. 23S). thw letters were addrefTed, and his cha« 

nought it in vain to fesrch for the ra61cr — " Reader, he was a great, he waa 
. of thole altars which, fiom their a good man." 
educated ro unknown gods, drew 

156. Pbilcfapbical Tranfaifhm of tbe Rcyml 
Hociety of London. Fot .tie tear I7Q£. 

Vot, LXXXIL Fart 11. ^: 
ARTICLE IX. On the convcrfion of 
the fubftance ot a bird into a hard fatty 
matter. In a letter from Thomas Ancyd, 
Efq.of Brlmont, rear Leek, in %iafford< 
(hire. — A Juppvfed piece of a duck or 



from the iMbmlation of pcAif«rous 
but by contmST* (p. 237). 
one of tlic Kan$, or Caravanfcra), 
d a learned Gitek, who (hewed 
:ry curious MS. of Elchylus. He 
r^uainted with a phyfician of the 
), a circumHance which induced 
•fk whether the Imperial library 
inained, tellincr him it was the 
, or rather bopt, of many, that 
ire woiks of Liry were aii.ong 
e^iioo at the taking of Conftanti- 
He faid that iiis inquiries upon 



cntioii of St. Paul" (p. 270 )• 
'. fcents to have iuppodd thtfe 
vcrc in Pbaltruwii near PIrxus 
)• He difcovcred the Academia 
ns by a tew broken :iltars lately 
, and by the monuments of Tra- 
, Pericles, Chahiias, Phormio^ 
rich lead to it from Athenb" (p. 



But how did he dilcovcr ibifg goofe, found undr water in the mud at 

the hcnd of a hfli-poo', whcie a fmall 
brook runs into it. The account pro* 



t far from it, fays Paufanias, is 
b of Plato, Fnbapi I bu'vt dif^ 

it, I or.e day thuught (o, and 
he rutm with ir.orc cnthufiafm 
er pi^Tim did holy rclick" (p. 

Is there not n)o;t ei3r)<u/i^f»n 
iZr'y in Uiis direct cry? Dr, 



♦ Dr. C. deCcribesit of lij;ht fine e.mh. 

f A mooument of \v\ -.tc nAnH>!e wat 
built ; Faulan. Attic, p. 3 1, 1. ^9 ; Chandler^ 
165. 

I For thefe Dr. CbwdVcr YuoV^t^ v^ Ni^tx, 



646 



Retfino •/ Ngtv PuhUcathnsl 



ftfftstohe impirfeff, jtttht metimor- in 1750, appears, to hire o\ 
pKofis is compared with that in the ce« nearly ihe fame dire6lion. Th 
Bctcrv de liiDocens, at Paris, where the air before the (hock was ca 
cTery concomitant circumftance mud he gloomy^ fuch as is defcribec 
difTcrcnt. But there is 00 end 10 /£//#• Stukeley as neceifary to pre 
yb/^ir«/ credulity. earth For ao ele£lric ftroke*. 

X. Account of the remarkable effc£^s XV. Experiments made wi 
of a flilpwreck on the manners; with of decompounding fixed air, or 
experiments and obfervations on the im- acid. By George Pearfon^ M.] 
nerfioD in frcfli and fait water, hot and XVI. Obfervations on the atr 
cold, on the powers of the living body, of Vtnus and the Moon, their 
Bv James Currie, of Liverpool, M. D. denfities, perpendicular heights 
fellow of the Royal College of Phyfi- twi'ight occafiooed by them, 
cians in Edinburgh,— Two captains in Jciom Scrottcr, Efq. of Lilli 
an American vtfTel.loft December 1790, the duchy of Bremen. Tranfl 
on afaod-bank at ;he mouth of theMer the Get man. 
fev, fat ho dirjj ihemfelves on a fmall 
portion of tie .ftcr-part of the (ju^iter- 
deck, a)K>vt; the water, hut expofcd to 
heavy il)ov\-er of fleet and fnow, and 
frLqueniiy over^* helmed by the furge, 
bur died in a hew hours, having been 
24 hours on the ureck. Dr. C. afcribes 
it to their bcine wet rathvr wuh frefh 
than fait uaTcr, tspofuic to the cold of Northumberland, Duiham, ai 
the atmofphcit. 7 or 8 degrees gitater fli're, by the Rev. Cooper A 
than thar ot the fca, the cli;llingr cff'c6\s 
of evaporation, or the frequent immcr- 
iion in the fcrt, protiucin^ an alarmaiiom 
in the media furrrunding. This lafl 
fuppofition did no: flnke him at the 
time; but his fibfcquent experiments 

jnnmcrfion in freth and faU w^ittr, of from At change! faw immenle 
equal temperature, ferve to fhew the cf- of thefe fifti on the furface of tl 
U&% on animal heat. 

XI. A mctC'^rolcgical journal, prtn- 
cipalW leiatine to aimofpherical ele6tii- 
•!ty, Kept at Kni^h (bridge, from M.^.y 

9. 1790» *o M*y 8, 179 f. Bv Mr. 
John Read.— Mr. R. obfcrve?, that lie 
does not rcniemhtr that ihete have been 
24 hours of hard ftoil duiing the laft 
two winters. 

XTI. Farther obfervations on the pro- 
^cfs for converting chII into maHcahle 
iron. Bv Dr. Bcddocs. Sec our vol. 
X«Xn p. 145* 

XIII. Continuation of a paper on the 
protiudion cf liglit and heat fiom dif- 
feicnt bodies. By Mr. Thomas Wcdgc- 
Wuod. Sec art. III. of paic I. 

XIV. A narraive of the carth(]Tiake 
felt in Linc^'iolhirc and the neighbour- 
ing counties Feb. 2$, 1792. By Ed- 
mund Turnot, Efq. — It wa^ felt at Caf- 
tla Uonn^iton and B^ivoir, co. Lei* 
cctlLf, L>noon, co. Rutlandy Newnrk, 
eo. Nottin|>!iam, Lanr>r, 'co. Dcihy, 
Stam'ord an I Wandesford, but ijoi ac 
Alconl)uiv, BiUgleiwade, co. Bedford, 
Un)^ P.iunton, Braunfton, Belt or., 

(xrsMtUiMm, rctciboivuiU^ Bo(\ao. OiiC| 



XVII. Ahftraa of a regifl 
batometer, thermometer, and 
Lyncion> by Mr. Baiker; and 
and Hants, by Mr, White : w 
vations, by liie former, on 
ewe*. 

XVIII. Obfervations on th< 
able failure of haddockb on thi 



the great lofs of many thoi 
pounds per annum to the I 
fuftained thereby duting the 
ieafons. Mr. A afrribes it t 
nic eruption in the fea, upr>r 
tion at Hecla, 1789, when 



30 leagues l)y 3 or 5, moft of t 
and others barely alive, and 
fink. Such as were t^tken up . 
ed had the /^x; 91/ much inflated 
gentleman at Archangel afcri 
tlie great quantity of thunder . 
ning ufuai nar the Caue; a 1 
bcfhnd filhciman, to the war 
gales of wind for (ome ysars 
the fifli ott the Dogger-bank 
coaOs. 

XIX. Cn the caufe of the 
weight which mttals acquire 
calcined. Bv Dr. George Ford) 
matter occaiioning the acidition 
of the calx above that ot the 
the inRammable air aie both 
frcm the water, 

XX. On ttic civil year of the 
and its ti'vjfions; with an acco 
three Hindoo nhnanacks beU 
Charles VVilkins, Elq. By H 
vendifli, Efq. — The fcivil 5 car 
the day alter the new moon n( 



* Our HiHoric?! Chronicle, y 
p. Ij2, defcribes nn eaithquaiie : 
2,1792. Qii. V\ as tl.is the fame 
as Ihc uroc »i \\\e i^y ?%\zt\\ \ 



I 



J7931 



Rtmiw »f Neto- PuhUcatUni, 



647 



the bcginnine of thefoliryeir; and both the particular occaGon of which the pre- 
felar and lunar civil years confid neither ^enc tiifcoMrfe was pronounced, and of 
of a determinate DUml>er of davs, nnr are his general obligation of fomecimes en- 
re^ulatcd bv any cycle, but depend folely f <rcin^ the durv of renderinfr to Ccfar 
00 the motions of the fun and mo«^n ; fo what is C«rar'i, no lefs thai that of 
that a Hindoo ha9 no way of knowing renderinfr to God what is God's, which 
what day of tl)e month it is but by con- he did not know how to perfo:m in any 
fusing his almanack ; and, what is more, manmr {o effei^uai as that which he has 
the manth oueht fomeiim.-s ro be^in on adopted. Tht(e confederations, he hopts^ 
different da vs in dificitnc place«, on ac- will induce fuch peifon^ to incline to 
count nf the difference in latitude and the opinion of thofe grave and refpe^a- 
longitude, not to mention the difference ble perfona^es whofe approbation he is 
Tom crror<i in compulation ; nor is there honoured wi'h, and by wht)le advice lie 
any method taken to avoid the ambi- always wi'hcs to be guided." — From 
gtiitv. The almanacks in conimon ufe Dout. xxxii. 30, Mr. !Vi. fets out with 
ar: calculated at Benares, Tirhut, and proving that Catholicks are capable of 
Nadeca, the three principal feminaries being good ciizens and fubje^s{ and 
•f Hindoo learning in the Company's then entsrrs un the peculiar motives thac 
p'Ovince-. call f.r ihcir lo.&lty on the prcfcnt occa* 

XXI. On evaporation. By John-An- iion, and th: duties implied at all times 
drew ^c Luc, Etq, by a true principle of loyalty. *• We 

XXI [. Supplementary report on the do not confidrr the pope a<» an abrolutc 
befi merhod cf proportioning the excife fovercijrn, eitlier in fL-ntimcnts or mori- 
upcn fpirituouslic^uors. ByDr. Blagden. lity. Wc lh?.ll neither Submit 'o \\% 

manda'es, when ih:y a^e in oppofition to 
157. .-I Sfn»r.r,frfarU{ hi tbfKom^-^ C^fh- nil)! <l i.aifj'lc, as wc ackn.)wlcdge they 
/..' CI :f'i .it Wincheftr^r, Anril aj, 17?-:, h:**^' c*";*^! •'•■'■»'^' J^c:n in psfl aijfs, when 

ihc fp'ri ual p.>Ac'r lu^ r> netintes over- 
rcach-d as mucli on the civil as, at 
ot;»crs, the civil lur. on the f;'iii*ij;t|j 
nor flia'l wc buw to his parricul.ir opi- 
nions, fiiouUl thiy ever prove c.-^otrary 



.^-'r/'-'v*! ''T*)*.' Ko-y--v. Ir; ..!v R, v. lohii 
Milnrr, .V. -"/. IVit'i iVs/.., Ifijfo'-cei/f ex* 

MR. M. tells u<5, that o-ie view which 



he hi.i in c ".iipofing it v.'ai, to vindica:e to the ickno-.vleilircd fai'h of tl.c rlnuch. 
liii leligi'.m, rot barely from vaqu^ ca- Th'; fccuriiy we can eive to Gvivcin- 
jjmnics, but from :i direct anvl icveic ment fur our ii>val'y if ilie fame t^iar any 
i:::!ck. I'l orJer. h'wtvcr, to .icc)!;:!: otiier clafs of ChrilVnns c<n give. — f ar 
for his m?.k:n;:^ this vindicaiiin put>lic, fenfe of mcual dulv in cfn:r.il, and our 
uiiich, perhaps, h?? nj uihcr m:ri: 'han rcTp-'5i, in parricular, for :he (icrcd and 
the tru«h of itj fe:!c:nien:?;, i: may he iii.iir.unUhle oath hv which wc have 
Bcct'.r.Tv to aiid, :liat the attack in qucf- hound ourfeKes to lii., M.tjcflv and his 
rr:n was pcJnrcd'v and publicly leveled le;;.il luiis" (p. 15). T liefe aie Hr.>'ig 
^t riii writer-, and thir, in fo do'n<j, hi-; icm:, and, wc hdiTvc, the hody of ciic 
cefire ii Ui liy Jo'vn b.tjrc oili-.i^ h^s R.> i;aii Ciiholicks in ihi . k-nj^vlom h^ve 
pohticjl crcet', and t::c tour.h*"ton c^f his divi.'cd upjn ihim. Njr is Mr. M*s 
prcfsnt and future coi:(!j*A. At tie attaciimcnt to p^ood governmcnc Kfs con- 
fam= time it is an r.ft (^f jj.'^icc ci-j.' t«» fivcuovi'; in lils Lu* :y. *' O.i tiiis oc- 
ihc leirn.d an.l itvcrtnd b.'dv :■> '.vliicU c.-/i.)n 1 mu'l r.drl, |Mtricaldnv wwh re- 
Mi adverhry belong-, to cijchre :iut, Ui'on tJ ihc Sovcit.it;r. himMf, we are 
from the Iii>cra)ity and f.i/i>Lir thj writer never to difo'jcv his ordinances an mce 
lias txpirienced at their n.ands, p.iiiic\i- pri:fL'.."nptijn cf his txcctdlni; his j ift 
larK- tff.-r» ihofc of the higher onier, l.e an '..oi'ty, or up jn anv ''fou-id wi?i«t» 
i> perluaiicd flic gtralenun above alluiled (.vcr, fhoit of abfv/!..j.a cti ..uritv. This 
toi.iht: only or.c of t«at Uuiy C'pible f:/.l)\vs fr )in ano*h r iinvin in mora, 
of making fucii en arrack, or :it L-ad of liry, thr.t a ctrtiiii obMjr.t.«)n i^ alw.ivs 
condttfiirj it in a manner .'o un^'iir ar.l to ti^xc place « f onj tii;it is dou^i'.Iul. 
inftimm.ri)ry. Sliould r.r.y pLrfo-*"^, or N;\v ir is c^it-t'n tli:! )•: is ojr du:v to 
ll"i'. lATJt'irS own Cv.niin'jn^on, hc(n*»oi- o!.)-. y our l.i.'jcrior ; r.n;!, according 10 
monihat he had enteral upon maitcis tliis fiippofitior., wc 1. wc only a pro- 
forti;2;n tf) the rrave aid refcrvcd ilyc ot fumpiion of his cxceeJii.j; \\\^ jull au- 
ths pulpit, he hojK- the corificlcrAti u ■->}•' rhorirv. VVithovt the uMcivance of ihia 
Uie nccclfity he v.m> up.Jci <\ '.'ir-'tlv rj'e !t will hs imp )liii !^* tor that iuft 
ncciing the charge made againll hi-i), of iuboid iiaiion ever 10 iviVali \\*\\\t\\ \^ 



64^ 

efTential to good governmeot" (p. 28). 
Mr.M's kotiments on the flave-trade 
and flaverf (p. li, n.) coincide with 
what we have often fuggcftcd. 

■ 

158. Comments en the frnp^ftd JVlir ivitb 
Franc^y on th St.ite cf Part:eSf and en the 
nrw AB refpftt:".,r Aliens, H'lth ^ Pofi- 



Rtww pfNiW PublkattoHsi 



tjaljr, 



1 6 !• Ubtrty ojiJKmtaJ/ty treafeJ of, ia mflmri 
IJiftoryf addrejfei frtm a foor Man /t bis 
Equmit. 

A well.told talc of the artful iofinua* 
tions of Mr. Mac Serpent among hit 
country neighbour!, whom he had well- 
ri\g\\ feduccd, till, by putting his own 
(Ju<^.)rines in practice, he convinctcl them 



fcriptf tcnrtini;is[ Rimarkt en Lord Gren- of their d.ioger j from which their good 

ville'8 Anfwer »/ December 31, 1792, /• Tquire, Comptoo, refcues them, and the 

the Note of A/. Chauvelin. J^y a Lenjfr of traitor is caught in his own trap. 
Feaee, 



MUCH as we profefs a partiality to 
peace in preference to war, wc C2n no more 
view the latter big withfuch confequences 
as this writer holds out, than we can 
doubt of what party or complexion he 
is. At the fame time Candour compels 
us to acknowledge that his ohfervations 
are (hrewd, auu his ilyle .above me- 
diocrity. 

159. StriSlitres up*n toe Difc/j>/ine of the Uni' 
verfity of Cambrid2;e ; addreffed to ti?e Senate, 

THE obie645 of reformation here 
pointed out arc, inattention to, or care- 
lc(s difchargc of, the public duties of re- 
ligion, ex pincc ot living an.l drcU, c.?ril- 
plavirg and foppery, nruligtm nnvlc of 



ifti, A Sermon fu: table to the Times^ f reached 
at Sl Mary's, Oxford, on Sooday, Novem« 
ber 18, at St. VTartin's,o/f Sunday, Novem- 
ber 25, tf/ St. Peter's in the Eaft, m Sun- 
day thi 7df and at All Saint$, on Sunday the 
Qthy of Decem!icr. By Edward TatbaVy 
/>. D. Reiior of Lincoln Cs/Zege, 

FROM I John \w, i. the Doctor rakef 
occ^fioti to caution his hearers agaioft 
the *' ignorant and itinerant teachr.rs of 
evcrv (icDoniinfiion, by Mcihodifls and 
Enthufiarts, by Anabaptifts and Dif- 
fcnicrs, of whofc learning arid abilit'es 
tliev have no: bad the (mailed proof, 
men who arc (elf-taught, without the 
powrr, :>nd (clf-ordained without even 
the appearance of learning; men out of 
kecpirg excicilc-s, confining the l^udent the mcaccfl profetfions and lowefl occu- 



pations of life } whom, if they had a 
fair opportunity of trying, they woUld 
find mors ignorant and uncjuiliBed than 
tbemfclvcs, blind leaders of the blind ?" 
How f.^r this cenfurc dcfcrves (lualiBca* 
tion without the circle of the Do£V':r*s 
auriience is not for us to determine. 
Thf ciiara£tcr is too applicable to too 
nnny of the cialfes on wiiom he fixes it. 
Bjt, a<: there i& no rule without an cx- 
l6(iw AJ^-t T/eaf'fe en th: dieadful T^fcEis of ccpiion. it has provoked ilic reply already 

Levelirg Pri/:::/h'4. By the Iha, John So- no icvd in p. 640, art. 154. 

m«rs Cocks, M. P. 



too much to mAthemacicks, and the neg- 
l«£k of the hem fits of ihc additional 500!. 
per annum to the prcfs, 'which has pro- 
duced nothing. Tbefe objc£ts are all 
within reach, and To cadly attained, that 
one wonders tiie fyovetnor*: of the uni- 
veifiry (hculd be afleej* to /their expedi- 
ency, and not eraCt and cniotce new fia- 
tuics, or new-model o]d ones. 



IT mult ^'ivc plcafurc to every reflcol- 
ing mind, who has any rtgaid to the 
happinefk of his co'.: itry, 01 his own as 
unnivided, 10 fee tlic mcmbcis of ih-j le- 
riflature cor.triburir^ ti>cir exertions to 
delend our happy Coniniuti.m fn m rhc 
inroads (»f cvil-roinde^i pcrfonx, svi»o find 
an intereft in overturning tht: fonUA- 
mental principles of ouler and focicty. — 
"X hough it is not cafv to fay any thini; 



16 V OJ,' frr the Encflcnia Md at Oxford, 
July, 170^, for the R(re[ti(,n of his Grace 
Wilh:m Henry Cavciuhlh l)yU e^ Port- 
bnJ, Cluncdl'.r of the U'^r.-r^fily. J.'y »1o- 
htvi Holmes, D. D. P-fr/^r (fPoeny; fa 
/v P!ulip Haye , IXD. ^rfrJ/>.rof^fufri. 

NOiillNCxi^ moic difiicjlt than td 
aJ'i;*'. <t p (in to ai jcj^tK.n with a due 
rt:».'rrc cf <Miijin*i:tv. Tlic otie before 
u opens wnh il:e hiflorv of the founda- 



newon the obvious abfurdiryof ilquality^ tion (^'\ the univeifity of Paris by Char- 

whether applied to mind or Ixxlv, or liic Itmagnc, and that of OxffM"d, by Alfred, 

tbufc ©f Libtrrv fet up by nr.odcrn re- within a ccntvry of each other, the latter 

formers, vtt dilterent modes of tx»rtf- foundaiion far ourlafling the former^ 

fion may (et thcfe truthv more home 00 uliich wjs ciifoivcd on the emperor's 

the heart, by bringing thrmmoie level de;»th. 

to the underOandingt tiid l^r. C. dt- " Clear broke the beam of Learning's orient 
Ittvcs praife for his "ikon trcatife." li:;i>r, [ray. 

Modern Equality would make men /«- Thn ugh'.hedeaddaiknef5fhotthequ'ck*:>ipg 

OMTFfi i III ode rn Liberty, brutes* ^'^^ wak'd the mora of Life's refiUgeut day. 
' "^ EvQoa 



loniag iiDci: nailed tierore (vol. LAI. p. 9^6 I^AIU. 

"Dsuaft tonKmoTy.hail.Oprinwtytnii), 414)- »nd moll idmirai m hi. fiffl effa. 

Hailjgarter'd chief s of thi] pareaul rcipil Hun (LXI, 647), ten the ticnil Murder 

ie,cnrob'diacitil ft^u, hotcnng okt an hundrtd rcilnt, and 

BaisiipbsUaktii(don>'iwei[titi tutttning lo Britain, where Ae ii op* 

Yecronrn'dwithmoreRnnbiiiigfjnie pofcd by oery elcrlion, A icr imio* 

Yoaranccftryofiulcdaimei ducing Britionii ipaRrDphitin); to the 

Yo the hiUowUroiir* wore, |„e md preftot flaie of Pr»n«, and 

1f«ih« palm of learning bore.' piiming ihim Id glowing euluurs, he 

And concludn with the tall»wing com- thui proceed): 

plimenLto the piefent Chancellni : « see at (fia hairo a itring hind r«lin'J, 

•' Tbio, Portland, thtu, beneath thy giurdikn Loaded wiib ever; crime i>f ttuman kuiit, 

care, ' [fair ; Mrn, who n'er palrioi chitfiaiiii fnrc'd ihair 

Bopc'i opening bloom Hull fpread fupremelf By haU injiilliGe, to imperial fway i [A*ay, 

Har* (biU Che wakeful Toul of toil purTue, Bow'd a great people whom they (emi'd to 
UDlir'd,eK:hnol>lB aim of triumph i>ewi fret, 

Here Elowing ilHHiEht, by fofleiin; fpiritj By fooleft wronp anil rathlcfi tyranny, 

bnn'd, Loos'd fuclal man from every mild cnntioiit 

Shall bDrninfbme.nndrifeo'er all ihe land; Thr fweetem hie and purih^t the foul, 

Enthufuflie Fancy, Nature's waywahl child. And h.itk retum'd bim Naiitrc'i rugged 
Wiib tracelefi ari Oull temper raptiiret wiU, iji.ld, |»iW. 

And flnrt enchanting in divine exceti) To roam a r,iV3;ie thruuj^h the WDodt and 

Here Geniiu, from piireLeaniing'shvingritl, TtKRcr, Jullly Jreailing Heareii'i vindi£tiva 
Spirit uf richell virtue fhall diltill, nid, 

Aim] livelier tint his ma'iy-colour'd dreft. Tolmlh 'heir lerron, they denied ihairGod, 

Fran Britain'! Wt/ rid, fiom Britain's patroa ADd,|i*ingeanhlycrime>moreamp]i:n-um, 

(hrane, SiriKk froni ilieir (a>th ilw lealma beyond 
O'er QxrnVd Ri'l Affitflion'j eye Oiall bei>d, ^BIB^' 

Sh^U fee her jiift tii eich pmteaing friend, To Fre^^&ta maieftic lemplet rid, 

Beam en bii ume the luHreuf her u»n." And wtJ^^^E gloiioiu ftrauier throfigb 

■(4. r4rfitmtkilnjijlali<m If Hi GraciiH Yet pling d 1 heir fiea\ in M«^ iMk<W>«MV 

fitit ^ Foniiril, Cijaii/Ur ^ li< Umvtf TbV SnUl] boTttlM ImitaaWiIMltfUV- 

Gf'r. Mao. yu/j, inj, Ki> 



650 



ReviiW $f New PuhBeatiwu 



CJ-if. 



AUf in whofe vmm their gmidfire't generous 

blood. 
Bearing to glory, roUM itt foithful flood \ 
Ally who<e high fouls on lawlefs power 

look'd downy [own ; 

And w^t their hearti difclaim'd difdain*d to 
AU who with lifted hsnds their Qod rever'dy 
And filfd t^ilCB temples which their fathers 

rear'di 
All from their native howerst In dead of night, 
Breath!efswith fpeed^and p:dUd wiiha^i ighty 
Thelboght'nngpntnardprefliogfrom behind. 
And yetU of mnrii'rers foanding in the u tnd. 
Flew tothe Ihores and fees— >tn f a*;i|e bark| 
To t^rapt the hv ^il ocean, wild and d.irk ; 
Mote with defp.<ir to hear \\\t tenipe(^ rave 
l«oiid nmnd th' prow whidi brcke the 

mountain wavei [(lorm. 

To hold their defper^te prngrefs 'mid the' 
And Bice thefpeAre Death's trem.'nilfHis 'omu 
Full oft b s V'tcv^ wandering round chiklhore, 
Xiften'd 10 hear the diftant daihuig oar ; 
Of from thefe cVtk has MeVcy ftrettird her 
To lead the (inking fugitives to land. [han4 
"Voa faWy white then of every joy hew. 
Gold on yoor ftiores the Uingutd band werp 

lefti 
Ko earthly fpoc whereon to lay their head, 
Axid waiufring, hopelefs of their daily brei^y 
YoaCiww— and round theip all your bletiings 

ponr'dy [hoard; 

Wjuro'd at yoinr hearth, and cheri(h*dac your 
I«ai<l them at evening down to gentle reft, 
And hung your fleeces roxind their xvuled 

breaft." 

The death of Louis, its eflPeds on the 
gm aod feienc^s, on nobilirv, rank, and 
chivalry, are utxt warm!) (ouche<i on{ 
and Britanqta boafts her fuccelTes in the 
caufe of Liberty, not only 10 her own 
lAand but all over tl^c world, to which 
ihe hoped to have imparted a very dif- 
fcrcot Cpecies of liberty fiom what the 
French pretend to*-- 

<f Wliere all is fled. In Seine's feqqefterM 
vale Lp^I^ 

Lies wounded Freedom, firkly, faint, and 
All fad, her broken armour fleams aronnd, 
And brothers* blood imbrues the purple 

ground. 
]yf urder an headlels king before her lays. 
And burning pal.«ces at dtftance blaze { 
While dtfperaie fiend&'y to fpeed her rueful 
end, [frie.d.** 

Have dy'd her lance in gore, and cali'd her 

Aga n^ thef* wretches Britannia ani- 
mates her tons, and thus cone udcs : 

<< But Of my Britons* when the field is won. 
And the wild waftcfiil work %£ war is d«H)e, 
WhenOnquelt be. rs y«>ur ilaiiriaidthn)Ui;h 
the (kief, [flips, 

And Ci.<krs her plumes before you as ihe 
O then, my ferns, your common b«ing (can, 
And give CO. GjUJsm what is duf to man i 



Think on the fredbomblood tM Twelli yoi( 

veinfy 
And fear tu bind 9 generoup race in duine t 
Give them that fmeUom, (uciai and refinTdi 
Which awes the paffiofiSy and ftibliiiMS tht 

mind{ 
Give them that heavenly, patriotic ^amct 
Which glow'd of yore in Soniers' g odlikt 

frame ; {^''^ 

Give them in Natnre's Coramoft rank t* 
And walk with high-fool'd Brittos hind m 

hand.* 

^•ghueii lio^, |ipp1ic«ble to the occa* 
lion, were a4<led in the rccitadon io the 
theatre , by Mr. Stibbcrty on ^e fecond 
day of the Encaenia. 

i<6. The LatifriMp tf Bcisny ; Uttig s Dis^ 
fiomtry rf ihe Temt wuuU rfe of ift iUt 
SdttKif frimeipaUy by Linneiify imth f«mtr 
liar Evplamatiwt^ and an Attfmft f tfMfk 
fgnifieamt Englifb TVrwf By Thomis Mar- 
tyn, B.D, F,RS, fndefir rf Bttsiyim iht 
Ufuyerfity of Cambridge. 

THE fcience of b>)taoy has of leto 
beei^ cultivated to much and fo fucceflf- 
fqlly amoeg us, that this pviblicacioii 
cannot fail of hciog coofidrred as a moft 
acceptable prefcnt. Dr. Martyn is em« 

S loved io preparing a new edition of 
1iiler*s Gardemgr*} DiSi^iutrjft one of 
the mofl fpiendid, compreheofive, an4 
valuable bpoks which Europe ever favif. 
The prefent may therefore be cooHderca 
as preparatory to that futiire work i and 
the objeA^ ft Dr^ Martyn isy to mako 
the fcientific terms of botany eafy, famit 
liar, and iotclliKible. 

The ProfefTor explaips his purpofe 
very mqch at large io a well-written 
preface, which i( would he injurious to 
iputilate by aoy papitl extract; we 
(HaW therefore content ourfelves with 
giving; a few examples of the manner in 
which the woik is <:K>cuted. The reader 
will cvrry where perceive that a decided 
preference is ^iven to the Linnean terms. 
Sir William Jone^ hai ^hjcded, in fome 
refpe£^, to them, in h>s flcctch for a bote* 
nical work on the fubje^^ of Oriental 
plants I and perhaps his reafooiog is noc 
whollv without fbpce. 

HiipiDUs. H'\(p\d -^ Hifftidks eaiU/Mf g 
hifptil (Irm, hefel with ftiff hriflles, as in 
Braffica Efucajlrum -Hifpidum f^ium^^ zh\ij^\A 
leif) hivinc; brittle, fliflifh Mfttes fcattered 
over the dtfk, as Tuniti birfuta. 

Lacintaius, jag:;ed — Kolium bcinia* 
turn, vatie JtRum in partet partibui it idem in* 
dtterminato fubdivijit. This iinp'ies an inc* 
gu^anty in tlie divifion an '• (ubdivifion 1, 
whereas lacinia is the fame with a p^ttt, feg« 
meaty or cVeb, a& L\nsyeQ& Vob tx^kVv^fmi i^ 



Thii. rpcdmcD will raiiify the reidtt 
eF the impaitincc and ufirulncd of thi* 
pnhltcitioD. It ii deriicitcd to Dr. 
Smith, the pol3!eiror vf the Lioneio col- 
Icfltoa, *ad the prince of Eutepcm 
kmioilh. 

167. Dijirlftivi Strtci of WjAliall, in Hert- 

AN oaif o Ihwt, with a view of ih« 
didrch, (od a broken figute painted in 
ibe Nonh tilt, which "has its upper 
pitt divided frtKn the ittuiug,'' asd 
wbtie there ire lainji ollter fulijcfll of 
Chfill't pilltoa, or, m it it here called, 
''tjiagclij^ hiftorv." 

Ja £jf iHikid in mr imn Kivirui. 

FVKIIOM LtTtKABT ImT ILklVtHCt. 

LAtflAHMl. Mr.Eichtcqueiha) juft 
puhU&ed fame accuriie rtHtvti, in per- 
celaio, coound, of ditferent pani of 
Switzerland. The iargelt, reprcfenlinj; 
Ibc like of Geae*!, ukI in epniroiK, 11 
■bout a foot loo(, ind coflt two louii 
d'or. FroiB aae of thtSe riewi ' '- 
U*ni fnm^ U krg* fylio, kit 



Etc'hirtgi! by J, H. Meyer, long 4(0. 
T, pagei, WL(h II plates, and > vie. 
n«t«. t79].— The plitei here publifi* 
ed are all well elecuied, and the Hewt 
are well cholen, but ihej are not all 
new. Six of them are b^ Mr. L. Hcfa. 
The icxi TS merely a [OmpilatioD, aod 
iarended folely 10 illunnte the plaie". 
Stockholm. The Beat uniury will 

liavc 1Q add the late Ring of Sweden to 
the lift of royal authoii. Some year) be- 
fore the war he had fpot many of liil 
Icifurc hours in uriilng, and alwayt care- 
fully locked up hi] paper* 10 * cheft, 
whiijFi, when he went 10 )«in the irmy 
in Finland, he depolited in the arfenal. 
After the peace, he rook ii i hence, to add 
to itt contents. A little before hit death 
he diieaed, that iKii chen lh"uld he de> 
li'lred to the ttDlierfity of Upfal, and 
not be opened till jo yean after hi* 
deccafi. It hai been placed ia 
■ fecuri ipanmcnt Id the lilirary oif 
that unherliit'. What it contains na 
one certainlj knows t hut it it ftippufedf 
that there will be found in it memoiri of 
the timet, and paiticuUrli) of hu Q'4IBk 

J CO- Kigtf wilh lbs ncceflaty docuntcwt. 

htm 7n,iU|.I,U.Xt'tU 



6$% StUB Poetry^ Amlent and M9^n, ftr July, t*ftj$. 



ODE TO PITY. 

AMIT>ST the foarce whence Pity drawi 
Her facre<) ftream, by NatorcTs laws. 
To miti{;ate Che fenfe of ill, 
Soine drops of (rare dehght diilUI. 
The confcioos heart, that throbs and feirfiSy 
Upon itfelf obftnrant turns \ 
W th hooeft pleafui'e qlows to find 
Humanity within enflurtn'd ; * 

Aod counts each drop of that hleft IhowVy 
An off 'ring worthy of the pow*r. 
Thou moift-eyM Mule (whofe footdep loves, 

Noc in a gaudy d.)y« 
Kor where the painted minions of tlie fpring 
Their fafciiiating fragrance fting ; 
But late in ihades, and cyprefs grove5| 

Beneath o*erhanging rocks to (tray ; 
Or thoftf deferred glades to feeky 
WTtere tomblefs ghoib glide by, and (hriek j)* 
Hence the clialte thrillings, which enhance 
Thy fcenes above Mirth'» feftive dsncte. 
Hence to thy fad and folemn lhowS| 
Thy ftrongly-imitat»< wock, 
hriisarch of pure delight, 

The good and tender flock to weep t 

Id Pity's balm iheir boforns fteep 
And buy with tears the confciouih«f$ of right* 
Go» the foul's miftrefr, teach the gay 
(IVliora Aera (nisfortune hath noc taught) 
To feeli and pity as they ought. 
Shew them that life lias clouds and (lonnsy 
Apfun that burn% as well as warms, 
iUd eyes that ache with grief, while they un« 

confcious play. 
But ah ! Uii Goddefy, go not nigh 
The haunis of real Mifery, 
The foul chat*c wounded ill can bear 
The piAur*!) image of defji^ir. 
And wounds which len;ent time has healed. 
Or dull oblivion's veil conceal'd 
Will bleed afrelh when thou art view'd. 
Kor let x\\j vifions, much too nide 
On Luvc's fL*^i^e{ter'd wallcs intrude. 
Whatcanl^ tliou teach die gentle biraft 
By vjiat fuul-fofi'ning pow'r poffeiis'd, 
But frantic fe:u?, and tenfold care, 
Heart-rendirg horror and dcfpair ^ 
Whatever faial tale is (hewn, 
Ttie anxious lover vieivs his uwo ; 
In that dai k. glaf ^ his foilune reads. 
And finks heueaih a fancy 'd doom ; 
His nymph, and not Monimia, bleeds, 
'Tis die chat {groans in Juliet's tomb. 
Here then, Nfelpomene, f«ii^ar ; thy lore. 
Though it (hould ceacii, would torture more; 
They \vho<Mrith paA'ian burn, or droop with 
woe, [to flow. 

. Have fevlings but too quick, and tears Coo apt 

ODE TO DEATH. 

OMan ! by Fate condemnM to know 
Sad coil, and bitter wane, and woe j 
Confule thyfelf that thou fhalt die ; 
Tfff morning urakes ibec but to giJeyCf 
21;/ ///2/c/i Jimbs recline ai tsve, 



Fatigued with Life's op0rea%vrouMr| 

Oonfole thyfelfi for Death ik ntghy 
And fweet repofe is n his bofom foniitr 

Obf<erve, upon Che tomblihg furge^ 
You little bark, the teropefts urge. 

At length attains the peaceful bay^ 
Secure fn)m winds aod fiormy tidetj 
Safe in the tranquil port it rides. 

— 'NVhete rocks arife, where whirlwiadsrif%' 

Life is, alas 1 that troubled fea. 
The harbour where they near appraadi"^ 

the Grave ! 
Behold the mother's anxious love 
Requires her little child to proref 

Left to himfelf, his idle pow'r ; 
^itli (lep unfure, and vain alarms, 
Beeble he runs, with uut-Areich'd amM^ 
Leaps on her neck^- with panting breathy 

And feels his weaknefs new no more. 
The infant's man— 4lie tendei^pareni> Deailif 

Re, that could firft crBatioo gite. 
Sends forth a breach, and k)i we Ihfitl 

When he-recals that breach, we diiu 
What wonder, if 'tis fwiltly peft 
Within our brealt, like yonder blaft. 
That (hakes the foliiige of the grove ^ 

Wonders the quiv'ring foliage why 
It cannot fix the wind that loves to r&rt I 

Hafl thou not often found to go 

Time ling ring on, and much too ilowf 

Becaufe 'its Time ttiac brings us £^at^ 
Death i:. the goal, wliere Mature teod^ 
Of life impatient where (he ends. 
Why wifhes man te-morrow come? 

It is becaufe to-day we breathe. 
And that to-morrow brings us to the tomb ¥ 

And age, that cruelly deftroys 
Each fecial blifsthe foul enjoys | 

Wenknefs, and pain^ and error too, . 
Sweet Ilecp, that charms our woes to peao% 
(Forgotten, with ourfelves they ceafe ;) 
Eimui, to which this life's a (lave, 

All>-all combining, feemtowoo. 
Habituate, and kad us to the grave. 

And who would bear pelpeiual fpleeo ? 
Lefii dr«adful had the exit been 1 

•Tib Nature bids the fear arifc, 
Tint we may not too quickly leave 
1 tiis fcene, where all are doom'd to gri6v#> 
On utmo(t Life's dread bouiid*ry (hews. 

An awful gulph Co mortal eyes, 
Ledj by defercion, we (heuld fly our woes! 

ThxRAT, aFasli. 
Ft/ix, quern fac'iunt alienaferiemU utmm f 

WITHIN a dark and lonely wood 
An old deferced buikiiog itood| 
Beneath its roof the vermin train 
Enjoy'd a.free and happy reign : 
There, far remov'd from noify firife, 
A Rat long led an eafy life; 
And, blcft, VflthTCieasvaivdfcaniy Acir^« 
Knew Qoi ^ vr»QX> ms 'vt^^ Vr ware. 



lofdirt 



Tgemukfi 
:, loch the cL-IKr heanl beloiP, 
ero'i] it hi flier ti^ft :o E" > 
■net £ils relreJt iflbnied, 
:DUiB'ruuthexp!ii>fgi>Hlswere hoarded, 
nraniiw, (crenel)' biight, 
thr<Hi£ii llx BjR with btav'nljr li(|it : 
^f Dthii (rom the Iky look'd pale, 
Bntly blew the tnanrmB ga!». 
I (ran) a tazy deep repnfe, 
iffrin J eity- vermin tofe, 
K oar Rai> with faucy lonk, 
«D fre™"' 'iuE'''*' !'■""''■=!— 
we've known, fmtn ililtant cliitiei, 
«rt reeoiv*d in recent ilniH. 
l>Lt, illbough a fimpiilh clown, 
antht the (niniien or the lownj 
'd the wide lar^whh aoair, 
I'd each mde umneanini Hire t 
BVBTjr other fool defpile, 
himk hitofelfamaiing wife, 
bnieht, biiweeT, as wiiti the train 
ilferinc, lijuihi tu flure the grain, 
E*»i1a6, io t&e E»rTel ftmy'd, 
B pif d in heaps [he corn wu laid, 
T the filcntlhief dercrr'd, 
fc*en, his (ecict motioru cy'i j 
, .foddea, from her node, en lon^ 
4LXH on poor NiBtLi (prwig, 
dl to y»'a ™ mere;/ calli i 
A her croel |ripe he Tails I 
lii wtMD tftcfiitiple hrnnah clowa 

rd in Oitmmnenofihephce, 
^ mlM^etat/ tritinv'ij griff 



A iMifihility [oo fiae for lifol 
Firft forher babes— Eiearlf fnatch'd v/taj—i 

The fibretofherfeeling heart were torn Ik 
Then for i hufbrnd, lo difsafe a pTey, 

She felt, wholiTsahii dearer liilf to Rionnu 
Th<>u<-h (mm an ol^ring the fi i ft I ofs fupply'it, 

AnJ though, like CumrY, Ihs faiidly 
pren. 
With all a rnomer'stendemeft and pride, 

Thrcef^ectfuiTivinginfanutoberbreatti 
'TwuChaxitv exliaufted, ftiU that ftrovci 

Wiilr fimOncrs ftreoEtti'niag at her form 

To prove her foft'ring and connubial love- 
But the firft thock; vtti deaih, awhilg de- 

'TwaiCkAiiiTveiEhaiined— even to death) 
Noideathcoutdconqnei her maternal care: 

"1 go to heaven," the cry'd, with tateftbtvaib, 
" To inlerccda for Ihefe dear abje£bthere.'* 
E. 

Ijiut an iht Ittt Mm.PaLWMELI'. 

By Dr. DowNMAM, «/ Eieter. 

COULD majtc verfs reeal the fleetet 
broth, [death. 

The lyre, fweeuwartlinB, chAmi iheearoE 
Thy hiidiind, tuning his urphean (train. 
Might lure ihee la <h« bon'er of love again, 
Bui thou, chaftefoul I forliigheRMfsdedgn'd, 
He knows, art prefcirt wiili the etemri Mind. 
Hence, dnom'd 10 Cleace, Ileep) tiis liarp un- 

Cnn[roul'd each Ihoui\w(\Mitne,an4nii««VcA 
Why, join tlic Uitfted Ipwrt \o R's c\q4^ 



654 ^^f*^ P^^^^f ^litf^i ^«rf XAiirn^ for Jul3r> 1 79^. 



SEA-SONG. 
JVmi tht Midnight Wanderers. 

1. 

OYOU, whofe lives on land are pafc'd. 
From d;ing'rous feas from rocki aIeof> 
Vho. carelefs, liltcn to the blaft. 
Or beatpjg rains upon the roof; 
^You little heed how fe.imen Care,— 
Condemn*d the angry (lorm to beir. 

n. 

Soroetimbs, while breakers vex the tide. 

He takes his (Nation on the deck; 
And now, lalhM o'er the veffels fide. 

He clears away the cnmb'nng wreck: 
Yet, while the billows o*er him foam^ 
The ocean is his only liome I 

III. 
Still fre(hcr blows the midnight gale ' 

«< All haods, reef top-fails," are theories} 
And, while Hie clouds the Heavens Teil, 

Aloft, to reef the fail, he flies! 
In (lorms fo rending, doom'd to roam, 
Ttie ocean is tlie feaman'^ home I 

9Hthe Death of Hinm j i t t Ay youngefidaugb^ 
Urcftbe Rev, yhcheL Li T o h, lifbo tLedf dX 
the age of fifteen, m AfriJ I irA, 1 793. 

LI Fk'& hiifinefs ended, and each talk com- 
plete, 
When to the grave the full of years retreat; 
Or, tvhcn wiihforrowand with painopprcis'd, 
Vho weary mourner fioks at length to reft \ 
> heir faiK we vie w with una verted e>e, 
Feel no ciiill piifig, and heave no murmuring 
figb. 
Noi fo, when death his fatal fickle wields 
In pure domcftic joy's highcultur'd fields, 
Wallcs the rich profpe6l of fucceffive years, 
And re ips a fullen harveft, moift with tears. 

Sec 1 fr«>m two gentle fiftcrs* fond embrace, 
With I uihlefs grafp, he drags a fjfter grace j 
Wrefts fiom a tender father's clinging arms 
The hloom-ng daughter's dcfolaled charms ; 
M hilft live fja!e mother, with attention wild. 
Bends in route anguifh o*er her dying child; 
That duteous child, whom kind parental love 
S3W every hour in every worth improve; 
Saw with fuccefs each welcome precept 

crown'd, 
Thrfc belt of precepts in example found ; 
Saw on her face her iovelitr mind portray'd, 
And beauty claim the conquells virtue made, 
ouch the fair form, ttiat many a weeping 
friend 
So late beheld to death's cold v. le defcend ; 
And'foch the promife rip'ning talents gave, 
Kow, early blighted, with' ring in the grave.— 
How bird the taflc fuch trtafurc to rcfign, 
How h:<rd t«» ftel the lofs, and not repine i 
So deems the wot Id, that feldom deems 
arigl^r, 
If left t.) rcafon's unaffiftcd light : 
But when religton Icm'.s her holy aid, 
Tlie d;uk myttenous lyftem to pervade, 
A^ /h rinks deception from itiiufiel's fpcar. 
The clouds difftrl^f and evmry mazft ii clAav* 



Thus when the grarioosSavtourof MaoUnl* 
Keftor'd the eyesof him from childhood bltnd| 
Soon as the potent touch the veil withdrew 
The film that o'er their raylels orbits grew^ 
A blaze of wonders hurft upon his fight, 
For, God had fpoke the word, and ''all was 
Light." 
CometlKn, brightFaith, difpel tb« gathered 
gloom, [CDnb 1 

And pour thy radiance round the d.nrkibra* 
While H(tpe on trembling pinion fpe«ds her 
To meet the 1 ifiog of eternal day, (wajf 
And haijrhe Sun uf Righteotifiu.-^. that brings. 
For li fe's (hort forrows, *'Healing in hi<:wings." 
Uehfie/d'C/c/e, ^fril 20. W. GhOVE. 

The D£S£RT£RS, a Talc. 
By AwriioNY Pas^uik, Eff* 

THEY, whoimagineall are loft that ftnqr* 
Are, at the heft, but cogitaton blind: 
Believe fuch dodtrine comfortleis win may ; 

Though fortane*s fltittifti, yet flie's eiSim 
kind. 
A Hritifti regimftpt in a keen fang'd froft, 

In Canada's rough clime, in eighty-iwo, 
Had fix baie privates,whoforfook ihiif foA 

To jimi the iCiHil arew 1 
To bring the recreant defperado^ hack, 

A ferjeant w.'S difpatch'd ; f Whafti 

A Connaught fpalpeen, chriften d Paddj 
Whofe brogue or Mundciings were never 

matched. 
Afterfome galling marches ,thatdiftrefsfd'eiiif 
He ovei^k the paity , and addrefs'd 'ero : 
Arc ye not pretty fellows, anf iver true. 
To quit your colours, and your comrades too I 
Now how, like dogs, ye h uig your heads and 
mutter I ' [batter I 

What I would ye quarrel with your bread an4 
You've folf} ytmr ^ms.no doubt, for caih, and 

fper.t it, 
But, by the Hill of Howthiyoull all repent it) 
ril tell the king what r tfcats he has go*. 
Damme you'll firft be tr> 'd, and then be flioC. 
But now to bufinefk ; Vll be fti >rt and dear^ 
I've twenty men in ambufti, in the rear. 
Will cut ye, every mfiUicr*s fon, in tbrup / 
Unless you inftantly return with me. . 
The Soldiers, to revolt but half inclin'd. 
After fume potent ftruggles of the mind s 

UranimouOy went, 
With Pal, the feijeant, to the colouel*s tenC, 
On promife of forgivenefs from the throne.— 
Thus the commander to the ferjeant fpoke, 
^Afrer he'd chid the culprits and confounded 

'em,) 
How, Faddy, could you take fix men alone f 
How take 'em I faid the feijeant, that's a joke 
By Peter*&keys, your honour, l/urroimtied'4 



Cn the order of Sir Robert Bovb, ijfited mt 
Gibraltar, for all Regimented iiurgeofu U 
apuar iu the full Uniform tf Cvmmjjmti 
Offieersy in the year 1 791. 



'T 



IS Caid the iECculapian corps. 



S,W; 



cihiim, — lyrnpliaiD funs facer— 



yum ille a pnpulo Innge femMm agcbu : 
IIU (uliaamnr, gaudiafob, Dr.us. 

Ksc mimi fiiOKi hieciuxlranniiilbiVitlctiu' 
Morujroi pCDicuiIollsiii ail aftn leneni. 

Heal qn-buiiiiterunianieO agitata pi'oceUiil 
Qoa vaxat nifEniai cnra maligna fiiium '. 

St£^ imapii' '■' 

" Enooeuun lenlc Fa^ ncf uu<a viil«l ^ 
noAiutl lioc^ubiiqiMiremli form nJiitereclm, 

•• £t plKuliK vit« perdilur pfque tenor. 
Bind ill lerliqauliliqiiainln m miniiim loulii 

Natnra: ctrcuin dnlcis imago nitel, 
Ptata virenl, iliveit fiorcCcii borxnibus arbot 

Et ubIh ipUiHlet mull icoI< ire latkit — 
<^od fi fcHW l^iit rpeculum pertui bat aqua- 

C^'mon hue illiK pulchn lahella volat, 
Dmi bafii Ible* nultn difcrimiiie aguntur, 

£t mriioTiiiiliigniniireripariigii. G. 



Xf. Hm. /jn> HjcaunUji DUNCANHOI., flmf 
' f^JIr /;<M, A.I./l'ELlIAIITHt'oSTtv 

AH EngliOi Cenllemaii, polling Ihrmigh 
Ph.Tenut, has h«n u.iahe lo refift ex- 
l>rellii.g hi* admiiation ai Ihe happy uintiu'- 
Tciice of cJrcumllaiKcs which oiighi long to 
cooOitule Ilie hnaft of Ihii elegam riiy. ThO 
three L»di«lo wlium the incWedju-ttiihuW 
of liomage i^ aildrallBJ, art mlrcated lo accept 
it a the inceiifs of irulh raihcr tl'an as tht 
language of Poeirr, and to furgive Ihe intrii- 
fioii of one (iiei^i a poel hy prcfiffii.r,) who 
hai iledicaiedan haur t.j \\w m:ifl Jeliv Infill— 



ilcy. 



Rood. aoJ grew— of heauiiei who m< 
fupciior bard, ihoiigh ihey c.m never 
maud a more fervent aduiuer. 
Flt'iKt, Feb. 13, 179J. 

HAIL, favour'd Florence! where 
irav'ller views 
Tb* oMiecntcA bat tk nli^ i4u[t. 



$c6 Stha Ptttry, Am'unt and Mtdera, far July, 1793' 



Here Paiaiingflourilh'd, and ticrc Dante fuiig 
Hire paiUnl Sciilptorc early taught " to trace 
« The lingVing line, and mould the tardy 

grace;" 
The liVral Arti wkh added luftre rote. 



The leam'd difguife of a fduiUUc of^Pfi* 

Hail, farour'd Florence! oacetkvibidU«^4 
place 
Of ewi y Mufe, and now of ev«qr 



And'gratefui Science wak'd from long r*pofe. PARODIES of SHaKSPEARE, W^-Yy 



Hail, favoured Florence !— -once the hal 
low'd place 
Of ev'ry if ufe-^md now of cv'ry grace. 
Superior glories here the ftranger charm, 
Soperior boafta th* admiring natives warm. 
Rife, Mufes, rife, and fing in welcome ftrain 
The fplendid atra of this Golden Rcig«i i 
B^uxnptuousbopel each Mufcdef pairing flics, 
Kor decks the triumph of all-conquVing cy esj 
Aw'd by refiiilefi> beauties they lemovc, 
>od yieUl the palm of Poetry to Love. 
Here (hine thofe forms, which in the Pain- 
ter's breaft 
Kindle the glow of genius half fnpprelt, 

Ro«Ce in the laboring fculptor fond defirc, ^ ^ 

And grant to ftubbom ftonc Promethean fii e. \y^^[^ '^^ (^^' font^off the copy io the pn&i 

With thefc; each f afcinating grace comhincs |^ y^ gj^g ug p,,,fc :— there's the refptd 
True taftc, that ientiment and fcnfe refines. shooUl make oiir e^s of much lonfBr 4afei| 
Magic perfeftion I by whofe juft decrees, pof. ^ym would bear Uie w|iips» and fconii t( 
"Wit, pleafure, knowledge, virtue, Uam to f.,iirc, 

plcafe ; The fcholar's jeft, the critic's contnnilf* 

• That charm which lends to love his furetl art, ^, Uu^, ^^ tiefpifcd notice, the pal '• d^lJt 
that brighteft peliih of his keeneft dart, xhe tedionfnefs of office, and the lofii 

Which beam* (thro' all the levity of youth) Qf bu<,k$ retum'd on hand not vendible 
The life o» beauty and the tefl of tnuh. Wh;n he might his reputation fave 

Here iliey acknoi^ ledge, in foeie tenderer g^ y^.j^ quietus ? Who v, ould difgFMe 



.TO print, or not to print F—CkyK il 
the qucAiuo } - - 

Whether 'tis fafcr in the mifvl '* «>W 
The calm retreat of modeil diffidence. 
Or to turn author 'gainft repeat^ hints, 
And by oppofmg end them :— | » prirtti— ^ 

pubi'iffa ; 
No more ; and by advertifemcrtt to fist 
Our nnme amiounced with A. M. IJLJ^^ 
A« graiHutes heir to— —'tis an eidiibiciM 
Mol\ pie fing to he wifli'd: to prii*i— «» 

publiib ;— 
Perchance expofe one's [elf— ij, thtflAilto 

rub; 
For in that hefty ftep what ills mif ^'-•^ ' 



Soft Senfi>^il«ty's engaging pt>wcr ; [hour, 
The fympathetic fo\)l, the Vuinid eye, 
The tlirubbing bi)fom, and the pi uniiv e figh I 
The f^gh that each imperious fpirit warms. 
The hreeze of paflion undifturb'd by ftorms j 
Which, tempering ev'ry tone of fiercer love, 
Iv'n-feges blefs, and Cynics muft approve 



Yet groan beneath enormous bill of chJUi,«Sf 
But tiat the liope of praife in the Reviewt>-» 
Tlwfe ondifcover'd cenfon, from whofe ken 
No liilc-page efcapes— fbucring the will 
Makes us pafs b> «^ hat credit we yet heve. 
To riiquethe judgement that we know not of; 
Thus Vanity doth make fcrihhkrs of ns ell 1-^ 



Here, too, the Graces in each look difpuy ^„j ^1,^^ ^^vt forwardncfs of refoluticm. 



Th' enlivening temper voluble and gay, 
Tlie fprightly plirafe, the unalfcfted fmile, 
Tlic arch all-ifion and the trAi-fient wile 5 
The f^ rcmai k »hat in the mem'ry plays, 
Which fcncy diaates and which judgement 
fways ; 



Ne'er tempered with the folid caft of thenghC, 
Sends compofitions of no pith and moment 
With this conceit 10 be iranicrib'd anew. 
And lofe the name of wnting.- 



Hami.bt,II1.i* 

Good fcnfeVhat guides the ever-yielding face The keen-fet gueil now, at the fherifT *s Csaft, 



To laugh with elegance, or we*p with grace ; 

To point with delic.cy gentle j«(>S, 

To cjlm the lumuU of inscimov.s breads; 

To dart the vivid plcafaiury aiound, 

Tof pare with candour or with Ikill to wound; 

More glorioM, more admir'il, more lov'd, 

more fit, 
Than all the flafhing fire of radiant wit. 

Snch aiethe gifts the youthful graces flicw. 
Gifts that Aonian Maids could necr bellow ; 
Soch is iie blandifhment, and fiKhthe charm. 
Which empiie, wealth, and wit, and worth, 

difaim ; 
Which boaft a pow'r— a pon 'r that .ill confcfs. 
Which rule, exaii, ir.f pire, aiiorn, and blefs. 
Thu5, in tl-cir native forms, the Graces * 
ihine, 
Jird Tiva), wUh facctfs, the tuneful nine 3 

^J^ruiif DoncanAQo^ Fofler. 



Cramshuii ich vcnifon up he knows well how : 

As many plateful* a* tlie haunch will bear. 

With dillina health and confign'd biuiipea 

to them, 
He makes an end of, with a faint adieus 
And ekes out one fmgle (lice of fit more, 
AOiiled with the f weet of cuirant- jelly fauc^. 

Troilui, IV. 4* 

She never told her love :— bat lover's fighs, 
Whifi^rs, vows, kilfcs, moon-light walks,— 

(be hlahb'd : 
T^titHg vWtraftion, like a beetle's fang, 
Fi ey on the fwii eft butl ; Ihc pin'd with fpleen^ 
And in l»er green and yellow faded d;tm.i(k 
She f.tt, a blo;4ted to;id, doi^'n tu (Quadrille, 
Sitoiluig at gnef. 

TWKLSTH NiCHT, )I. .4. 






i^s:? 



vijee la- 

far^MT 



TiM laffan H iMCHi wm^ M (ha 

W. ll<lHn«nd^tlial>bpntboi>fit* Pn>- 
.iimKtpiiit^vin, wbDtij)db*BDurdM 
te-ordcr p{.|l» pM^nimDo id Tml*», it 
•Merrcd, tfan if ttM.CoattntioA wwdJ nut 
fa^ Uw p«p«|t, Ih* ptMlB wmU linre them - 
Um*. It ^nlMr infiOc^ ttwt U>b Codi- 
■#(■1 c<Tw<K* OmniU brOkeil ht/orailie 

iti fitBiria.J 

, Th«, t ra g iaat retfiad— Tte CwiTcmiiin 
F>rdiq» TOW rooth i it will pever he inau- 
m£*A bf aar lortiai uf the |^eople, fn ■ 
gfl"* ^! "" M* «lon« iMi|li[ to rtigo. 
Tlw Gwiv«Diign Mlnptcd iha aafwcr. 

. X«bei^ictn fpokv m ken(ih agwnft tliU 
nfdr— Clurber daniodnl n deem oTkcii- 
WOB Hiinft.tlM Conuniitea of Tvelve. 
Mtm QiAOmttM eaentrr c<»l<l o"!^ be 
i^ail ^ dM bijiifice <d Hie AriAuci-us.— 
LtdoMd BDUrdon domnxled, ihai llie Cu-o 
^fit-flSthoDld k* relofod — Ihuriot ftiJ, 
dw fnfiikai wat iIm juihiir of thi> ilirnrdcr. 

, CoBihoq Mciiled ha orpunauu of being 
ntn** and i^tfloi. 

l.acniis ^Hirwered hhn, thx he had a pair 
e(bi«f»-pill^li, one of whicli wii much at 
Silte™*-— Tbfl [uniulu incrbifcil. 

Tha Pidideol,' 'lyltiJc' wricing i teller, 
«MaUackcd hr Rihik,'wIu> fniildiediilrum 
iM. Several memhtn tan to ihe alSnaticc 
«l tfa« PtefiJeiii, who put M hit lat, and 
IMrtheMI. ' 



-ni. The CcoinHm* of Ptdd« IsftruaifNi 
Hull pTeTein;! praportional mode fiirto*iu 
and tho mor^ popiiloutcwtuiiDni. 

IV. The initndan ttialf be elHiied to 



da,. 



7Thnrf. 



The nquirition oF th« public fottt wn 
—■itni in fevenl clalta M liillciin i 

Tite arft m(0'fBwo OmII extend from tbe 
it*aftitoi;. 

The fetoiid Imm that of ijto ;(. 

The chirdfrom tbe'ageuf j5 tiiihacof45. 

The namet-iit all cit'ieni ^ovc tlat ana 
Ihill he idfcribeJ inthiee clillti, in reE'Aoi 
kqw bj the niiinkip*litieL E^ery eitimi 
btKilianed with dine cHlilren, and whocan 
prcTv that hi n unabic ici maiatiu thknl 
except b|' hi* JibDin-, fbatl he rtnked in tho 
third cLafi, whamcr roajr be hit ^e- 

' AB baehelort, tnder the he of 4t, flii'l 
be place.1 \a the firft cUh. 

Tlie Municipihlita dull infcribe, in iha 
fame leg-ilers, the iiiim'ier i>f tirc-arma 
which thar h*va m their Oifpuril, and >.li ch 
(hall he ililVfibuied aoioagit ili.- .. , .>; 
the ^[t d.is. 

Tho Wui.tcipal CfRcm fti- ■ ■ *. -■■; 
■uiderpwnufbeutc>U(iaiaedn]u.* ; ■ v^ 



658 



NiWs/nm various Paris of thi Contimnt. 



rles of Dfspartmems, that all citixens of the 
£r(l dafs be exercifed every Sunday. 
(To be contifthoLJ 

FoRIION iMTlLLIGBNCt- 

The liLt!e coinreoaweaUh of SwiczeiiamU 
always one of the inoft deli^Iitf nl objeAf ii|Mjn 
^'hicb the mind could repu:e, is, at this nio* 
mem, almoll tlie only f.ife aud pleafant re« 
treat that tlie Continent a/lbrds. Neither 
drawn in:o the war by the ambition of (ha- 
ring t!ie terriiory of France^ by the vaini 
thoiigl) more honourable, defigii of punilh- 
iilg the rqricidesf or the weak refen'.ment of 
infiiUs ofteicd by a worthlcG Convention, 
the Swifs not only preferve the bleirings of 
their antient tranquilliry, but ' are gaiuinf a 
confiderable ihare of tlie commerce^ which 
can be condoAed oidy by neutral powerSi 
between the neighbouring paru of France 
aud Germany. 

S^ueJen. A ;e(blu;ton bpjng t:(ken, on the 
T4th Mliimo, bf all the three polleges c{ the 
empire, for euablilhing a law of the empire 
to aboliih all fecret orders and (bcieiies in 
Univerfirie-c, M. Schioerbiugi Secretary of 
t!ie EmbalTy of Swedish Pinnerania, hjs dif- 
tribiitcd a Pro^ntemoria, by which his Swe- 
di(h MajeAyy in his qi}iUity of Duke of An- 
terior Pomeraqia, declare.: :-*** That he will 
ii:e his uimoft endeavi^ors to oppofo, abolifhy 
and deftiuy, allhurifiil ordctf ; but tliat he 
r^'frrves lo himfelf, according as circum- 
itances (hall rvqaire, to take fuch meafures 
a^.his Majefty (hall think htteft fur the ob- 
)e(^ in view, and the thing itfelf ; wlicreaii 
«4herwi(4r| fiuh cqncliifion of the empire re- 
mains obligatory for fuch Scates only as iiave 
exprejUy voted for the fame.*' 

The (hid Pro-memoria continues in the 
fallowing mannei :— " Noc every difpofitiuni 
nieafore, ordinaiK^t or punilhment inflicting 
lv.\-f which feemingly tends to the proper 
;ym» and wluch in (ithe|- cafes mii^ht be ap- 
plicxihley can have in all States of Germany 
the (ame energy and the lame end, for op- 
pacing orders and focietiesy wtuch peripps 
»rc rather the retult of advendtions notions, 
qf overl*eated juvenile brains, or other inno- 
cent i'aufcs, th^n of a criminal propensity of 
hurting the mother country ; for which rea- 
ioit, every knid of fuch hke connexions of 
fratciiiity are not equally punifliable ; and 
liow eaftly may a fiery youth be mifled, 
ciiiicr through his own imagination, or 
thiough the iufliiencc of others, from which 
lie- nevcrtheiefs mofl cumraonly returns by 
tlu: fii i\ rays of i jafmi t 

In this rcipect it is efpecially necefiary to 
tike nuitiul difpc'fitions for preventing fuch 
coMiiexLOus from exceeding their pro|)er 
bt.u'uls. An J, fuice on (lie one fiile it is 
jviit Uf fet th'sm t>ounds, it is on the other 
j.ai.il tully us reafoiiahle to have compallion 
vuti human fr.iiiiies, to whxh youili is tlie 
n'i<i(l li.iblei and to ailbrd them railier an 



opportnoity of mending, of obtainiiq^pirdoni 
aqd becoming nfeful to the State, thaa 
to load them, and with 'them tiietr funi'- 
lie$, with indelible infamy, and condemn 
thern to perpetual punifh^ieHt i not to men- 
tion the detriment fuch auftertty might caufbi 
in a mcirc or Icfs d«i;ree, to the now-flon- 
ri filing Univerfirieii.'* 

PoUrtJ. The two notes, delivered to the 
Polifh Diet from the Minifters cf St. Peterf- 
bur^ and Berlini denunding the appcrint- 
meiit of a Depntition to fandion the divifion 
of tlie countp;', produce J the inoft violeot 
altercation. It w:is ngreed to in the fittfai^ 
of the A^th, npon ilie motion of M*Jankow- 
Iki, by a connderahle in:<jorltv uf voCrt, tq 
claim the mediation of all the foreign Courts, 
with thofe of Berlin -and St. PcteibufK, to 
withdraw ^heir imo|*t fi-nm the previuces of 
the republic, and to give up th.* iaroei And 
on this account, as ths PDle5 have had no 
Envoy at Vienna fnice M. NYayne held that 
oAce, he was r.£a' i noir.inaced. 

At laigth, dn the ror.aon that the depa- 
tatiun demanded ihould be empowered tq 
treat with the Court of Rofru only, this 
pmpofition was fuppoiied hy cl;e King, and 
earned by a m;ijority of 107 voices againA 14* 

It has b^en agreed npon» in the General 
Confederation, that tlie military of the re- 
public (hall be diminifhed $ bat tt|at the civil 
lift (hall remain upon the feme footing a^ 
before. 

As the inrerval between one fitting and 
anolhtr was liot fuffident for the drawing up 
of the inftniAinns to the Miniftcr at foreign 
Courts, by the Chancellors, no bufmefs wa« 
done on the 17th of Jnne. 

On the 18th, tlie Marfhal again brought 
forward the appointment of a delegation to 
treat with tl^ Courts of St. Peterfburg and 
Berlin conjointly. This was oppofed l\y 
almoft the whole chamber, as incoafiftent 
with the v»fulntion already adopted to treat 
oiily with tlie Court of St. Peteifbiirg, and an 
lujunAion was voted to the Chancellors of 
Courbnd a!id Lithuania, to draw up an 
anfwer to the notes delivered hy the Ruflian 
and Prniriiui Minifterry conformable to the 
principles of ihi^ refolnrion. 

The inflmAions ptep^red by the Chan- 
cellors for the Mini Hers at foreign Courts, 
and for tiic condudt of the deleg^on, viz. 
to treat only with the Court of St. Peter (bnty, 
were read. It was propofed, as an aJdi- 
tional article, to call M. Ducache, Chai^^ 
des Aflbires from the Court of Vienna, to 
tlie negotiations, hccaufe the Emperor had 
guarantied ths treaty of (775. To give time; 
for examining tliis amendmenr, the Diet ad- 
journed to July id, when the debates on the 
delegation were renewed ; and to get rid uf 
a difcuHiiHi, which the longer it was purfutd 
became the more embari'alfed, it was unani- 
muiifly agreed to adjourn tlie Diet to Uie 
ifrhof July. 

Sait 



iMl fiblSBib] ip iba'rowat wtn, iud tlwr bten 
_ - ^ . .. f$, itr^andwdi^ina^. inubthltife miJo 

Gi— HiiiMii wii «h« JI«hniimiM»lif lo to puc h » ibfe bI jrfrdet thityaarf it 



t.f^^vjf2r yr » B^lttjfS/^. ttioBt/ea ums, mmOon thdr Bond condoft, 

WNiMjMtjO. pr»iiitton not hartug haeo eonrniitied oil' anf 

■ J-i^. ufitM iiibibiLuni br tb* troop* I tuve dU 

I IMTC ItiafaMdnr-waeipwntrnn, thM houoor lo eom^a, in » ptaw ukeo In Ita 

atiluili«fl(.'PwrTt*DdMM|iMki>nran«n- m«»nef ahnvB ftattd. ■■ 

dMdm«fa«tao»hiiMq(ti*'.f<rc<iaa 1 mtlofcawtaraortlwofdiwMMfl mlU. 

tT»#fthll^ll ; ' ' tary iWn bkenonilieUliDd, laJlmtOHt 

■ft iitHithrtT «-*^ M-Htv'^ T't-fT Hl', txawartub^ with the smniRreTpi^, Sir, 

•iniftEttto Win >w I«w rf th. i5ih rf TOW tooft obtdirntTnimM. fbrvmt, 

VAnaiT, tevli« «n>fultaHl M Hriitec whh ,,„..„ J«>-" 0<.ii*>i, Bri(.G«a. 

i:hpLAaKk,iwna(rfiisbilHi.Ut>»h>|> Ti. Ax*/ flbn. Hciry tJunda, 0« 

iUK(Ma>, I— 1 ^fc«d, witl»4lr.A<i(tini9, <!f "■ J«v!*" P""''/*/ Sftrt. ■ J 

far ths KiKk ui thfiCi iOm*!, wi*h • de- "ula^Statt.Vc.Vt.lsc. 

ttd iM MH of ttw RoT«I Artillery, •ml %n i^t^ tMo'^x a tttam of the orjaaoo* 

iMkandM^ irah Offitsn mkI Nni-cam- IM Ailiiaiy ^''"t*'^*°'M''>''''l'°<l-'J 

>n««N4 OU>cciT, in projHwtioo^ of (he 4th A J«iiwlty^e«, Juo, jo. 

■ Mri »5ih RqawBts,' <in-b»ard ihat fliip, ■ ^ .„„ t_ /;,„„■. u/;ih.m am^l- /i_ 



658 NiWs/r$m various Partt of the Contimnt. 

ries of DepvtmexttSt that all citizens of the opportuoityof mending, of obtaininfpirdoni 

iirlt cbfs be exercifed eveiT Sunday. ai|d becoming nfeful to Che Statea tiiio 

(T9 be nntintud.) to load thenif and with them their famU 

. 11 I . lies, with indelible infamy, and condemn 

FontTON iKTELLiGtNCB. theR) to rier|Mtual punllhnaent ; HOC to HMn- 

The little commonwealth of Switzerland, tiou ihu detriment fujh aufterity might canfei 

always one of the inoftdeliglttfulobjeAsOiKin iiiam<)rcor Icfs ik-mee, to the Dow-floo- 

which the mind could repofCi is, at this mo- rifliing Univerfiries." 

ment, almoA tlie only fafe and pleafant re- P^fanJ, The two inttes, delivered to the 

treat that the Continent affords. Neither Polidi Diet from the Minifters cf St« Peterf- 

drau'n inio the war by the ambition of (ha- hug and Berlini demanding the appoint* 

ring the territoiy of France, by the vain, ment of a I>epvitricion to tan^ion the divifion 

though more hunourahle, defign of puniih- of tlie counto', produced th? vfir.Ct vioknt 




their antieiit tranqail'iry, but ' are gaining a claim the mediatiiMi (jf all the foreign Courts, 

confiderah«e ihare of tlie commerce, which with thofe of Berlin 7.nU St. Fecefborg, to 

can be condudled oidy by neutfal powers, withdraw 'heir trooi^t from t:>e provinces of 

between the neighbouring parts of France the republic, and to give up th^* fame. And 

and Germany. on this account, as ths Poles have had no 

S%oedtn, A ;vfulu(ion bpjng t^^n, on the Envoy at Vienna fince M. NVayne held that 

14th ultimo, by all the three colleges of the ofl^ce, he w.is r.:a' i noir.inated. 

empirei for eftablifhing a law of the empire At Imigth, on the mciion that the depa- 

to aboUih all fecret orders and ibcieties in tatiun d«manJvJ tfhould be empowered tq 

Univerfiiic!;, M. Sduoerbing, Secretary of treat with the Court of Ruflia only, this 

t!ie Embally of Swediih Pomerania, h^ dif- propofititm was Tuppoi ted by the King, and 

tributcd a Pro-memoria, by which his Swe- earned by a m ijority of 107 voices againA 14* 

di(h Majcily, in his quality of Duke of An- It has been agreed upon* in the General 

lerior Pomeiaqiay decUrc.^ :— ** That he will Confederation, thst the mUitary of the re- 

v^e his mmoft endeavcars to oppofie, abolilhf public ihall be d'minilbed ; but tt^aC the civil 

and deflioy, ail hurtful ordeis; buttlui he hft fhail remitin upon the feme footing a| 

rr^r?rvcs to himfelf, according as circum- before. 

itances (hall require, to take fueh meaCures As tlie inrerval between one iiuing and 

a? his Majefty Ihall thmk htteft Cur the ob« anoChtr was not fufiicientfor the drawing up 

iedl in view, and the thing itfelf ; whereas, of the inftruAinns to the Miniftcr at fioreign 

(4herwi(e| (luh concluiion of the empire re- Courts, by the Chancellors, no bufuefs wa^ 

mains obligatory fiir fuch States only as liave done on the Z7th of June. 

expne^Uy voted for the fame.*' On the 18th, tlie Marlhal again brought 

The faid Pro-memoria continues in the forward the appointment of a delegation ta 

fgUowing mannet :— •" Not every difpofxtion, treat with tlie Couits of St. Peterfbui-g and 

nieafnre, ordiiiaiK^, orpuiiifhment inAiCiiiig Berlin conjointly. This was oppofed fetf 

I1U-, which feemingly tends to the proper almoil the whple chamber, as inconfiftent 

aim, .ind which in othef cafes mi^ht be ap- with the vcfulution already adopted to treat 

phc;ihle, can have in all States of Germany uidy with the Court of St. Peteriburg, and an 

the fame energy and the fame end, fur op- injunAion was voted to the Chancellors of 

\tMU\z ordeis and focieties, which perlpps Courland and Lithuania, to draw up an 

iirc nither the reiolt of adventitimis notions, anfwer to the notes delivered by tne Ruftian 

<;f over! »eatcdjuveiule braim, or other iuno- and PrMlfiaji Minifterr, conformable to th({ 

rent caufes, than of a criminal pro|>eu(ity of principles tif this refolutiun. 

hurting the niotl;er country ; for which rea- The iiiAndliofTS piepared by the Chan- 

iui^ every kind of fuch like connexions of cellors for the Minillers at foreign Courts, 

ffatciiiity are not equally puniHuble ; and and for the conduct of the deleg^ion, viz. 

1k>w eaftly may a fiery youth be milled, tbireatonly with the Court of St. PeCerfborg', 

citiicr through hii> own imagiiiatioi), or were read, it was propofed, as an aJdi- 

thiimgh the iufaieiicc of others, from which tional aiticle, to call M. Ducache, Chaif^ 

lie nevcrtl'e'iefs moA commonly returns by des Af&ires from the Court of Vienna, to 

tlM! fii ll ra>s uf 1 .'afmi I the neg'Kiations, becaufe the Emperor had 

In this icipeCt it is efpecially ncceflary to guarantied the treaty of r775. To give time 

like mutual diipiTitiorts for preventing fuch (orexamwiing this amendment, the Diet ad- 

coMueXions from exceeding tlieir pro|)er jouined to J u!y ill, when the debates on the 

b(<u!u*s. And, fuice on tlie one fule it is delegation weie renewed; and to get rid of 

juit to let th*ini bounds, it is on the other a difcuni^m, which the longer it was purfued 

imi.il tully as ie;ifoiiable to have compjjlion becaoie the more embaiTalfed, it was unaui- 

V4:ii human frailties, to uhch youili is the mouHy agreed to adjourn tlie Diet to tlie 

jifo^i liihlcg and to adbrd thctti ralhcr au 15'hol \u\y. 



I 



1793.] InuUiitiut frtm tht Eaft ard Weft Indies. 



659 



East Ixdia [wthlicxvci. On the 14th, ab6vi day.fcrcnk, we mtn'm 

Ctlatii^ Stf.ttf 179|. Captain BUkiBvOf the Uliod of Sl Pierre; an«! Cii-t. ^fileck» 
the Ihip Chicbellery od cairyiog liii cai^o of having made a difpofiLion to proceed hy the 
rice 10 Corinp, fbonil the miferiet of famine ohanncl uf Miqiwloa, a convenient pbce io 
ngiiig there to itich eo cxc^fty that eveu tl>e thkt Su*ait fm dcbaiking the (i oop^ orh;ring» 
woiiica caam off to the fhip in canmaram in and our iiifurmaiii>n from diffcrcnt quartet's 
the hope of procuring leliet This fingle (however imperfe^) giving us reafon to 

fuppofe that a French fngate was in the liar- 
bo.ir, aiid of tlie f.irt!>er defences, of wh:ch 
we had not been able to gnin any real intel- 
ligence, 1 prnpofed to C;^pC. Affleck to land 
the troops, that an att:ick by fea and land 
might be made at the fame time, with which 
aflimd that the poor people would ill ;t at all he perfedUy coinciOcd; and accordingly I 
have been benefited by an unJer^fJo un liis hrdal, with great p.ii t of the Troops, in 
party aid thtt the rice was purcluucd by t'(ime 
weabby Bramins. 

CapttinBlakOf touched uith the deepeft 
camfiSian for all the wreichedueu he was 
witnefr of| Ud Soo people daily while he 
lemaineJ at Coringai and, on quitting the 
place, left 1000 rupees worth of lice tor 
tbem. 



mutt fpeak tlie height of their 
difireisy n the female natives are never 
known Eo venture on tlie fea. CaiHain hlake 
ibid his rice confidenbly under whit was 
called the cm rent price, and even would not 
have received what 1m did, had l.e not been 



the Aucc-a-Savoyard, abtui five miles to 
tlie Wedwai'd of tik; ti>wn, and proceeded 
towards it, fending a lummmis from Cape. 
Afil« ck and myfelf to the Comm:indant for 
the immedi ite lurreuder of the iH^nd ; whta 
an anfM'er tieing returned, dcm fuding tcrma 
of capitulation, they were deric'edly r«fufed. 
The troops continued ttieir march ; and, ha- 
The conrefpoodcnt, who commuuicaies the vuig reached, without opppfition, the heights 



infcrmation, feels the higbell gratification 
ffom being enabled to procbim luch an Uk 
of humanity 1 and fincercly wishes it may 
have the happy ttkA of exciting (uc)i feiila- 
tions in the hreafts of thofe, who pullieis tlie 
means, as (hall tend to create fonie leiief tj 
the poor obje^s, who are laboui ing under 
the miferies of famine io our Nonhern pof- 
(ieilions. 

Futty Sing, the Rajah of Guzzeral,has 
been put to deaih hy the intngue^ of M;idtjec 
Scindia, Chien)fihe Mahraiu^, who u>Vi at 
Poonah with fuch a f-uce, and had formed 
fucb plans of aggrandizement and cou<)ueA, 
as to render an immediate war b'twe^n 
Great Britain and tite Maliraua:* grc^tVv (o 
be apprehended. 

Wist India lNTit<LiOBNci. 

Co^ efa Lexter ftwi Jirigudiir General 0^\\'' 
vie, to tbt Right Ikn. Heniy Dumlas, cue 
t/hii A*!sjt^ys rrific'fU SrciituiUs cft'fuu. 
bateJ liLm%i uf St. Hicrre, ^May 18, 1793. 
Riceivtd June 30. 

SIR, 

I have the honour to acquaint yon, that 
the iflinds of bt. Pierre and Miquelun fuiTen- 
dered at difcietion to his Majeily'i) forces on 
the 24th inAant. 

In ohedierce to his Majefty's commands. 



above tlie towu, the Alligator at the fjme 
time appealing in fight of tlie Harbour, the 
ComniaiMlant, Monf. Danfeville, who from 
circumflances was under the dire^oii of tlie 
Commune of the ifland, furiciulered the 
ifland^ of St. PiCire and Miquilnii at dilcre* 
tion ; and polfcffion was immeJ.acely taken 
of the battery and places uf defenus neai the 
town and harbour. 

Tlie garrifon c, nfifted of between So and 
lor* men only ; hut there ucrc upwnids of 
500 French fiihcrmen (exclufive of the in- 
hahi:uiit&} 1:1 the town, wtio, had they been 
piepared and well armed, migl;t hr.ve m«i?c 
great oppofition. They bad like wife bepmi 
tu put in a (late of defence t):c b,i;tety if 
eight taenty-fix pounden, which elteCtuAll/ 
defended the harnour. 

If, from fortunate events no op;>o:t'.!nity 
offered for the troops to dilling-iifh rlu^m- 
feUet', it would be dv)ingthc ^rca:«il i::j-.fbi£e 
both to ot^ccrs and men, if I di:l not, m tha 
ftrongcfl lernn>, mciition tlicir gfvod conjjft, 
difupl.ne, and legolarrty ; Liie fiighied cc- 
pred:irion not having been committed on nr]/ 
of the inh.tbitJiits by the iro'>ps I hjvc the 
honour to command, in a place taken \t\ tlie 
mitnner above ftatcd. 

I inclofcarcturnof the ordnance and mili« 
tary lloies L.kcn on the iHaud, aud li:ivc ci.u 
honour lo he, with the ijrfatetl rci'ptfdl, i,ii, 



funified to me in your letter of ilic i ^i\\ of yo'"' "^^^^ obei'irnt bumbU Icrvr.nt, 



Fehi-i:ai7, having coiifiilicd at Halifax with 
Cape. A/neck,c(*mm;«ndin{> hisM iclty**>niip 
AlligatfH, I embarked, w.iIkvii inj'o of lim'-, 
fur tViC attack f>f tl.r-i'e iflaiii's, v%i'h a <'.e- 
lachment cf the Roval AmiIImv, ."k1 310 
ra'.k and file, wnh '>rtite" ?m*\ Ncn-i.om- 
miliinncd U.nc« r', in p:i:| « rrii'ii, ni t*!'* 4th 
and 65th Ueg!.Teiit*>, on-iv.iid thai ihip, a 
K:ng'> fcboo.ifr, anJ thrcC tia«.t2)4rt., and 
aded on the 71!. uiA^r, 



jAMti Oair.viF, Bng. Gen. 
Th: Righr Hen. Hc:iry Uimda.«, 0-;€ 
of '.it Mujfjh'i P'::i/^\i! y^v.. 
/j'/Vi 0/ i'r ite fe'i ^c. •.- 1 . 

[Her'.- fwl'ov^s a ictur.i of tiic ordnance 
and m.iiiaiy llorcs taken on tiie )il.uid.3 

AJmiralty-OfTice, June 30. 
A Letter Jnm Cupfjin William Alhcck, C:m- 
tra-.der of l:i\ i\.\^r*f^'» jtip /U'.iia'.'i' , tM 
^iir. btCj'liCT, .'ii.'ia S:. Vi<Tjc, M.i< i-i 



• 

66o Niws fftn the Weft-Indies 01J Nootkt Sound. [July 



1793, mi tift <Uy rtceivtd\ oftifbich the 
fUItiwit^ n OH extras, 

I acquainted my Lordi CommiflSoRen of 
the Admiralfiyi io my letter of the ad ulc. 
from Halifuti that, in obedience to their 
Lordlhips orders^ 1 intended iailing on ilie 
6th inftantt with Bri{adier.General Ogilvie 
and tranfporu, taking with me the Diligeitte 
Mtned fchouner, to auack tlie iilands of 
Sc. Pierre and M:quelon. 

You will be plcafed to inform tlieir Lord- 
ilu|»s the tranfiNuts wcie not ready to iecei\e 
the truoix till ilie 7ih, on uhi:h day X. failed 
with them, having oii-buard itie 4th and |*art 
of (he 65th regimentsi uith a detaichment of 
the Ikv/A ArtiUeiy. At two A. M. on the 
14th, made the iHMd of St. Pierre \ hove- to 
with the convoy till day-break.. Brigadier- 
General Ogilvie propofedp as we had intelli- 
gence of a French frigAe beii>g in the harbonr 
(howcver imperfeA}y tliat, in order to feciue 
the iiland, would be to effiBt^ a landing on 
theWcftward. I perfeAly coincideil with 
the General^ wlm accordingly l.ind«d with 
jNut of the troops, i ordered ttie tranf i^irts 
to (bUowi and immediately made fail for tlie 
harlMMir. The indofed fuminons from the 
General and myfelf was immediately feiit to 
the Cfiromandaitt fur tlie immediate furren- 
der of the iflaiidt. An anfwer was returned, 
demanding terms of capicnlatinny hut deci« 
•dedljr refuiiKl.— Monlieur Danfovilie, the 
Commandant, then furrendered at difcretiou 
the iflands of SL Pierre and Miouelon tu his 
MajeAy'« forces. Their garrifun confilled 
of near 100 men. and upwards of ^00 trench 
fiiherroen, excluiive of the inhabitants of the 
town. They were putting their baitcry in a 
date of defence, mounting eight twaity-iix 
pounders, and four fix-pounden» which ef- 
feAually defends the harbour. I have cap- 
tured eighteen (mall vcdels with fifb, and 
two American fcbooneis, with pruvifiuiis 
and naval ftoies. 

Hit SrifMme hUjeJifi Shi^ ^UtigaHr^ cff St. 
Fierre*s lUtbtMt^ Alay 14, 1793. 

WE demand the immediate fui render of 
the lOands of St. Pierre and M tqoelon to his 
Britannic Majcfty*s fe 1 and land* forces. No 
oapitulation u ill be ;tllowed 1 but every in- 
. diligence granted to prisoners of war that 
is cuflumary from Britiib commanders. 

Wm.Afplkck^ Ia. OoiLvir, 

Commander of his Ma- Bngadier- General, 
jelly's (hip Alligator. 
To the Commandant 1 f the Iflandi 

of St. Pierre and Miijuelon. 

KooTKA Sound. 

Sept. 18, 1791. Suhfcquent to the Con- 

Temion, Dun Juun Fi ancifco de b Bodega 

y Quadiai governor of St. Bias, was ap- 

- pointed commandant uf the velltda and fee- 

tlemenis formed by^ or belonging tOy his 

' Cat)>ulJc hAyeCty, on the .Weft coaft of 

Jifonit Americz. He arriVeduit Nuotka in 

^AjiilUll, and Las fuxc that time refided 



here. The Dadalui ftsr^-flii^ w ch» Ar- 
vice of Britain, hrrived cw6 mdnthi ftact 
from England, and oenveyed fbmo dif- 
patches to Capt. Vanennver, in wMch Im 
was direfted to receive tbofe lerriteriet of 
which the fubjedh of England Hmm dlfy^^ ' 
felfcd by the Spaniards in April 19I9. 
Tiiward the latter part of Augnfty Gift. 
Vancouver (who it on Ihii coeft on ■ voy» 
age of difco\-ei7, with two veflUt under his 
comnMid) entered this port. Ater fame 
letters had peflbd between the conHiwni w* 
and Cape. Vanrouver, on ilic fUbje€k«f de« 
livering thcfeterntorie;^ it wn iMsnaed 10 
cede, the gentlemen difeoverdd, thtt Cbeir 
ideas of tlie meaning of the leaditig aftidoi 
of the Convention wena-by no- meini fimU 
lar; C:ipt. Vancouver expeaiog that Che 
whole of ilie lands, haH)ours, ftc contained 
m or furroondiiig Nooika 8oand| with a 
port fixteen leagues to the Sovthwardy calU 
ed Port Cox or Clyoijuac^ were the ntaces 
of which he was tob^ put in liril poflwSlDn 
on the part of his HriUmiie Majefly. The 
Spaiiifh commandant, on tlie cuocraryi go- 
verning himfeU by the firft article of tlie 
Cunvemion, with which his piivateonlert 
perfedtly agreed, was willing to cedtfnnly 
that pl^e of which the Britilh fubjedb 
were difpoirelled \ which,^>n the fulleft and 
moil impartial refiearch, appeared -t« be on- 
ly a fmall fpot of land, of, to ufe the axpref^ 
fion of Capt. Vancouver, >' little mora than 
a hundred yards in extent any way 1 the 
buildings, &c. dwindled 10 one hbr. 

That indefinite miide of expreflkNiy which 
Mr. FitEherbert ami the Count Florida ftiM* 
ca adopted in the Conventional Articles^ has 
opened the way for a difpute, which may 
probably have a fciious termination. The 
delicate honour and firm integrity of the 
Spanilh commandant would not permit him* 
after a full invcftigaiion of bd^ to give 
the propel ty and pofleflion of a countiy to 
Great Bric4iin9 which the treatyy under 
which he aAed, did not anthorife him to 
do. As tlie Conventional Articles do not 
paniculorly point out the fpet or fpots of 
land which the fubjedls of Britain ware uil'-> 
poifelfed of, it was neoefbry^ on the part 
of his excellency Signor Don Juan da Qua- 
dra, to determine their fituation and exicnty 
from the beil evidence it was in his power 
to olicain. The Uttps which every prndent 
man would take were adopted by him { 
the refult of his enquiry very fully e- 
vinced, that the land occupied by Britifii 
fubjedls was a little comer of a fni.iU cove. 
The condudt of Capt. Vancouver lias been 
tempeiaie and ccols and Great Bntainwill 
derive as much credit from his management 
of her politial coucernf, as we truft the 
world will reap advantage from his nautical 
refearches. 

The refult will be this. As Capt. Van- 
couver iliicUvvix^ 3(W Yt.Uo(^^V.v« dL{ai(rion« 



la rudtntb t« raUin 



r hlipil.llil ■jlll llil I ilTI|i. lii'lliti f fi flili'. Uisn. Th« tiqnr, taWiMtr n 
... - .. --■ - . 1. »... .... -iiein, »d»ioced 

Ti»ne tvu trtN 



■liHitMl piLlflMln of^laftnaii iTlxn cspaAiilMewithElwiniMniiMdj^ra, 

V.Wd abioadhal |o fpsiki Lieut. Boc^h- ' ' ' 



. fei^iWttaaMny.tWBqw fnaq^cil. W nwtk wIm inft^ntlj fired K Iilmj ttiw 
«gMlEirlliipiftcriaM«| tliU, w biiCDof' VoIUnMi w«i Kaoclceil down br iWnf 
■infcK sMmt, Im km preventrd from, a fllMt tut dc^ieralc coiiQiA Ihed mAM. 
■■ " ia hit twiDTi but, . TM M^ it finu (leld. Tha nac«f'faM 
ifim bad obniiMil. OB ia ncry direAiwi, tnriBl niotf'fln 
lloiad. . kjlMoniburpcK, andk contiiU^aliJli'rigiB* 

...,,-.- . .Ur.WMoikili fnan]>or*lu)Riar«niic«"da^ 

..,.' - lut,**a. » I T<«oinaacc« iwipis, wlipb'fsriiMt W 

ihs >6 ••r.' A WeriPMb,, Id, .ilw'c HfA tiM near itM Gxm ^ itlM,, mSak». 

-1* — • r-u — 1 ll^|)i(jrV ■' ■ ' 



66^ Tbcrmomftruai Oifirvaiions^'^Enc^nia at Oxford. [ Jolji : 

Couv TB Y Niwi. forei warn the rich io this worldf" Ste. Ai . 

Thermometer at Brifiol, July 89 84 1 99 fubibripcion amomiCMi t68 L 

86 ; 10, 1 1, 89 ; iz, r,o ; i ji 88 ) at ihroo In the courie of the fenricvy which w» • 

in the afternooDi fiude and open air. At chaunted by the dioriffen from the Catbe- i 

iSiven in the morninsTy ttie fame dayv, lowed dral, Magdalen and New Collc|^ chapel^ 

point 65, meaa height 77* ^^ y^^ ^^® Dr. Hayes immduced a TV Homi newly eonw 

mean lieight was only 63 \ and, 17919 only polied. Wo did not expeA any thing fupo* 

•re degiee more. June 59 179I1 8x } 17929 nor to the feveral very excellent T* J)aam 

Auguft 3, 8a. compoffd by fome of thtf firft nafters | 

J hci niometer in the pump-room at Butl. bu*, from the prefent eompo(ition9 tie ttaiak 

Tiiefd.iv9 83; VTednefduy noon, 72. — Ox* Or. Hayes is entitled to a very refpeftafalt 

ford Journal. place among Ihem. In this ptace, in liM 

Thermcinicter at BotUtfirJ^ }a\y 1 59 afi>eA Ji.biUe, and in an anthem compofed for tte 

Korih, wind S.W. at I P.M. 88(. July 169 chnriiyi Mi's. JBillingUNi, Mr. BartlaBMDt 

at X P.M. go. and Mr. Webb, exerted their ftne vooi 

At EJmanteMf July 169 the thermometer pou'ersto tlic entire Citis&^Uoii of theauJi* 

ftood at 93, expufed to tiie North, in the etice Of Mrs. Bt'lington and Mr. BaitlenMi 

fliade. Such a degiee of lieat is uncommon wt n^d not f]>e.ik; in Mr. Webb wnr« rfr 

even in tlie fouehern p.irts of Jamaica ! cc^nized tlie dear lull notes of the late If ^ 

Oxford^ Tuefday^ July a. Norris. 

Oxford, 00 this aod'nmie days paft, was After the fervice was ended, the Dnke of 

a very bufy fcene ; peof)le pouring in from Portlmd, the Vice-chancellor, thv proAori^ 

every road9 to fee i he inftallation of the new the heads nf houfes, the doflors, and othen. 

Chancellor, the Duke of Portland. The the governors and fubfcribers to the Rad* 

Arects were filled the greater part of Mon- ditfe Infirmary, dined at the Town-halL 

day in expeftation uf hii arrival. He came This morning's fervice continued fiomel^ 

between eight ai:d nine in the evening, ven to near two o*clock ; and, alter an in- 

and drove immediately to tlie Vice-chancel- terval of two hours, the Theatre was openad 

loi's, Dr. Wills, warden of Wadh.im. forihe reception of company to a :*rand mif* 

This morning, at ten o'dock., all the cellanoous concert feleded by Dr. Hayes. 
heads of houfes and pro^lors were affembled The numben prefent were about 1700. 
in tlie Delegates' room, wlien the Chancellor The ladies, the other ftrangers, and tha 
was introduced to them by tlie Vice-chan- gentlemen of the gown, fat indifcriminately 
oellor. At half after ten, they proceeded where tliey could get ; and a more pleafing 
to the Radcliffe library, where the ether variety was afforded by that circumftanosL 
governors and fubfcribers to the Raddiflfe In- During the playing of the overtut e, the Chan* 
iirmary joined the proceflion to St. Mary's cellor came in, aud unexpe<ftedly took. hiioC" 
diurch. The chiu'ch was crowded before ficial chair, amidft the general planditi of the 
eleven s but, by fetting apart the galleries whole company. Mafter WeUh was univ«g^ 
' for ladies only9 the pews for ftrangers ge* faliy approved. Mrs. Billingtoo recdved 
iierally9 and the fonts in the centre aile to her ^ccullomed and merited applaofe. The 
the govemore and fubfcribere to tlie Infir- other performers more particularly admired 
tnary/ order was well preferved, and the ef- were, Lindley, Cramer, Mad. KnunpbollXt 
ledt rendered ftrikingly beautiful. Mr. Gioniovichi, Seconde, and Bartleman. Htu 
Booke, chapUin of Magtialen college, read BiUm^ton was at iirft encored ; but the opi« 
prayers t Mr- Brown, of Magdalen hall, the nion prevading generally that a repetition of 
lefTons ; and the rev. Dr. Percy, Bithop of ker very great exertions muft be tronble- 
^ Droroore, preached the fermon for the cha- fome to herfdf, the encoreing ce.^fed, and the 
rity. His text w.is chofen from St. John's pljudits increafed. The company left the 
Gofpel, xiii. 34 : "A new commandment 1 Theatre 3 little after nine, thoroughly fatisfied. 
give unto you," &c. His Lordfliip followed The very great improvement of faihmg 
the virtue of benevolence through the dif- the Theatre ought to be mentioned, as it ad- 
lertnt periods of fociety-^reprofented it in mits mote air and more light— -both very 
the Savaf;e, in the enlightened Heatlien, and gre.it advantages in a Theatre focrowdeJ,and 
' in the Chnftijnf with its diffcient appear- as no lamps or caivlles are ever allowed in it. 
ances in different flages of the Chniliao The b.-ind confilled of about one handled 
world, and adverted to the alarming dimi- and twenty; initrumeiital performers, thirty- 
nution of tlie principle in FraiKe at this time, fix ; vocal, fixty ; fometimcs vocal, fume- 
He then more particubrly, and with greater times iuftrumental, twcuty-friur. 
eflRrA, enjoined Che praflice of it in this fVedtufdAy^ July 5. 
'klkgdom, and more efpecially towards inili- At ten o'clock this m miing, the Clian- 
' rations ufcful and compiclxnfive as that of cellor, the heads of houfes, profeffbrs, doc* 
the Radclifte Infirmary. Then comment* tors, noblemen, and proAors of toe utiiver- 
iiig upon tlie peculiar benefits arifing from fuy, ailembled in the halt of Wadham Col- 
the latter inftitution, he addrelTed himfclf lege, where a very elegant tUjanti was pro- 
to the juftice, the inteitsfts, and the huma- vided by the Vice-Chancellor. • About half 
^ty, of his Mudienccf and difmiffed them aittr e\evetit T&\e|f vtmoeeteA^^WttThitfeae^ 
9f js/j ihe cxhoftMivti of St. TeCer. « Wbcce* »&V dceOicdL ul \tki taivte ^ ^2Max Ttiv«^^% 



olounil ribbon*— fn7 few hMs, gniitail* b]p , ibb oWsmlioi^ •£ MT iptiMK 

vmUi. ■iliga— htaA /An tOi Hwr MW ^ f^' 

mUot aMMd ihe FecfDeKian filutatfiimiiniamfter^iviAm..- 
1 adJnfi: ia wbkh lie ac- Tliii(pMchwMfMGeadalb]rtlMlMlUI»i 

biaiMf in ■ fehdaolika mmwr, tion OU»~ttie fatajhy Or^ Malinai, lh«- 

^acr wri cuovanWi of Luioily [>n>f«irur— tht Mufic ly Ilr- HBfct. Tb* 

Ibi (MBtpariw whira h* raenml erowj la Um im WM M erMi and fa ap> . 

rioo. The faUowin) oobtsmao ud prelTivc, due the Chaocalliir, ikclhing tim 

a otara admitted to tbe boDimrf cumplimcnt inlanJeil for tiinii ban diQ^nl: 

rfdnaiirofbwii tbe Canifaciuuo after Ibe pcfCarRunea, pi»> 

«G« ibB Dilfce of DnmOtire, Right caedad but a verj litda vi»j, M.tfae ode h»' 

Earl of Dalicaitb, Rifht Koo. Cbe fines b«en puMiOmi, we laaf obftrnr OM, 

(tf TilptafiaU, ftiftaUoo. the Earl* aflermaiuamt tbeagenfGelbiclcilanocc 

gal, BoUi Oxfdnl aiid Horcirner, ami bvbo-Km, the ProfeHin-ailil&tha elegaiK 

H, Sp«iicar,Hiu^>l*l>lDchiqnin) air andofwdaaltBac]' tnnjcribedia «r &•■' 

lal^t RicM Hon. Urtl Oaor(B vicwiP-Mt and aftarwardi cfaa fpiciiad^ 

ZkretrfUb I Kicht Hqn. VilcnuM» da<cribat tlie Tbtami 
I, FieUinb H^ ViUatoit i Kight AIR. 

9^ Kkh; WiHOb Rh^ and Pcood OnEHi da Doma, m fokndv tefl^ 

n> K«br Hon. Braderick Moq- To tbknHiiia bw-faich hahaft, 

|^iniio)W;a<)hani| all prdciueJ L<> I ftuneia of her pearM* lioa 

Weranao, Fdlow of All Scull Glejm, rUaUiDt ""xxl ^O" P'Uai'd (hrkw t 

The bifliap rf brmpare, D. D. of As lUihUrdt fin iba tnipbled mil 

Hrfity of Camhaidte, wjf ndinitLed Of Chivatrf*[beroic H«1L 
b AUtvera received with applai^e I CHORUS. 

are bapi^ to'tnenlip^ ttjK Mr. Fune'i vative baid trie filver tiflW fpnd | 

■ WM punulariv iliftiiiguitlKd hjr Broidar'd iMtniGcanc with Aoried namga 

uteion of ih« univarfiEf ( biK In Of''a|a(, HcroM, Patrioo^ Kiap: 

N tM area crawdcd belora the new « Thete, ihcf* were n 
■ - ■ 11 wiih J— ■ 



ltd bimAH/witOMgawa iotb»T6»r Th» ffniphoiif acmnlanl tpt\ni^ 

to>u«»£nnvited». TbB |nriaatil)BUBMiioE««AfWi\uV<n. 



664 PfnrtUti^r^ Dg/criptufH $f tbi Encamp ft Oxford^ [J V' J.' 

RONDEAU. that bdiesy and raafters of arts, nd ftrmgen 

Xnclniliaft Fancy, Hactire's wayward child, of genceel aypcarance^ IhoOld be adnuttad • 
Vtkh tracelcTs an Ihall temper nptvires wild, imo the Theacra at a little alter nine : tte 
And fUrt enchanting in Divine exoeft. reft of the Univerfity about ten. Tl* 

GRAND CHORUS. proaon appointed for the prefeot UB\m 

Here Genius, from pore Learning's living rilly wei^e (btiened with conllablee ac eveif 
Spiritof richelt Vinoes (hall diftill. dooi*, and direAed every perlon to hia.- 

When the Chancellor had diflblved the proper place. The lirft gallery wet filed ■ 
Cnovocation, and was leaving lus chair, a with ladies only 1 the area, with maAnt 
paper calling for ** God fave the King," was of arts, and ftrangers who eame with tbem. - 
]|imgdot%n to him, and handed on a mace to The upper gallery, with bacheloiit coB- 
the hand, who immediately ftruck up. The moneis, and gentlemen commoners imMiif- 
sbembert of the oniveKity feemed angry that cnoufly, and itrangers wlio came with then, 
tne mufic ihtnild drown their plaudits or By this excellent regulation, oider W4fi nni* 
bkfles, and began to murmur; when the verfally preferved, the effeA rendered mora 
Cbancdlor waved his hand to the orcheftra ftnking, and the houfe wore the perfaA ap» • 
to defift, and defcerided famidft the moft pearance of a convocatioh. TIm rifing femi* 
feneral applaufe. Ttie reft of the proce0ian circle was, as always, referved fur the Uni* 
leottd on amidft pbudits or patttal hiffes, as verfity officers and doAors,who came in 
each perfnn was generally approved, or par- with their appropriate luihiis as yefterday, 
tsally diiliked. Theyoung men immediately, bnt without any procelfion. About eleven 
ID fbew that they did not wi(h to depart tlie Chancellor entered, attended by a feleft 
wkhooc attefting ilteir loyalty, c:>llednpon few of his noble and revrrend frindi* 
the band to play ** God fave the King )" ITs reception was more flattering than thA 
e»hich viras readily complied witli, and the of yefterday. The newly adnuttcd doc* 
whole Theatre united their voices to fwell tors were again hailed wtth loud plaudits, 
theeunctft. and Mr. Windham again experienced the 

' The Chancellor, do6tors, &c. cnned with enviable diHindlion. Mr. Burke, who came 
tfieVice-ChailoeUor in Wadham-hall, at two in with Dr. Coliinfon, of Qneen't Cbllegef 
cTdock. The Company was numerous, about was very loudly and vei y long applandetL 
two hundred t and the entertainment the The Cliancdlor then opened the Coovo* 
iBDft elegant that oould be procurctl. cation with propofmg the feveral candidate! 

At five in the evening the fecond grand for himorary degrees to the doAors and 
IMedion of mufic commenced. Mrs. Bil- mafters. The following were admitted : 
IJngten war encored in her firft fcmg, " Tomi To the degree of DoAnr in Civil Lmw : 
la Pace,** Ice. 1 and fcaroely one performer L4>rds Kinnuul and Vallctort; Sir Francis 
.Vet tiras univerfally ^applmided. Madem. Mnl) neux, Sir Juftinian Iiham, Sir Walrer 
XrumpMoks and Mr. Hindmarfh were par- Blount, Sir Henry Bridgman, Sir Watkin 
tkularly approved of. The houfe was more Williams Wynne, Sir Gilbert Kliott, Sir John 
cronded than the former night-— about two Whalley Smyih Gardiner; the Hon. Jol*n 
Iboufand. It is a pity that the Annr notes of Spencer} Thomas Grenville, Efq. M. P. | 
JCmnpholtz and other inftrumenul per- Charles Anderfon Pelham, M. P. Charlet 
lermers fhould lofe any of their clTeA from Pieirepoint, ^^ P. Edward Loveden Loveden, 
t|>e tergenefs of the roon». M. P. Henry Hope, of Amfterdam, John 

The pick-pockets colleAed a confidera- Strange, Charles Greville, Jofeph Bullock, 
tde booty, and it is fatd one was deuAed in W. Long Kingfman, Richard Paul Jodrdl, 
a mafter of aits* gown. and Henry Curaon, Efquires ; prefentetf by 

The ball at the Town-hall was attemled Dr. Wenman, pi ofeifor of civil law. 
by 593 peritins, admitted by tickets. Two To the Degree of Mafter of Arts : 

rows were formed, each confifting of about John Fawcit, Herbert Kawlinf, Peter 
fixty couple. The reft were obliged to fit Pattou, Charles Hulle, George Langion, and 
Hill, fome the whole evening, others nil a John Garbet, Efquires ; prefeoted by Mr* 
vacancy was made. The greater number Crowe, public orator, 
^ere gentlemen. Among the moft diftin- All were well received { paiticular a^ 
^tuflied bdies were Bentinck, Legges, Dam* plaufe only given to Sir W. W. Wynne. 
ley^, Bligh, and her very handfome After After an overture by the fall band, the 
Xatdy Catharine, Mifs PierrpoiM, and the philological exercifes began. 
renowned WUtlhire toalts, the Miflfes Har- Lord Se)'mour, of Chrift Ct.urch, began 
nngton. The band was well chofen. The in Englilh blank verfe : his (uhicA, tU 
tickets, half a guinea. Tlie whole provided Vratb mnd Vi*tu€i tj tbt htte Clunctlhr^ the 
by the mafters of the Star and Crofs inns. Earl of GuiUiford. 

They broke up about four In the morning. Lord Other, of St. Mary Hall, after a 

Tburjiiay^ 'July 4. iliot t piece of mufic (which indeed was re* 

To remedy ilie inconveniences generally peated between every ;:ddrcfv), recounted in 

complained of on Wednefday, the proAnrs, Englilh verie the viitues of the Duke q£ 

cuTittois, &c. net Uus muriuiig ; and agreed Portland's aoccftiMr^. 

Mr* 



■MIWpraWK DCgMCtutaaiirance, nip- joon riiunmcMi, m. a. um KenjimiD 
fttriMfodoMd'tfaagnvdiaMaf tbe Univor- Cooka, HoCDocaf tbeCnivcrfltr of Cam- 
■q^ wbolttdputiciilvtriilaniedit. Etsct btiilte,wtnmim.iaeiaJaimtm. 
pvt-wv not diftinaiy heanl; but what- Afiir wbicti [he poeucal recitals w«re re- 
•m-wM board wuloudljrg^pUuUedMcvecjr cnmirsnced by tlie fuUuwIng Eemlcnncn: 
penmL Mr. Amlieill, CUiift Chui-ch i Mr. Peniofe, 
Mr. Cecnwill, of Chrift Church, on the N«w Colleg.:, both EnghJ!, , Mr. Clmier- 
p t u t tth in Eo(Udi1 towarili rcfiocnunt. buik, Exetei Cullege, iLiiin ; Mr. Aton- 
Eni^Mrra- cri>;ffi!, QMeii'tCoUegei Mr. CUike, Ex- 
Mr. Diwkiolt o[ Chrift Church, wai the cter Colleie, Er<gii/t ; Mr- Simpf.ni, Qucen'i 
lift, 4nd indetd (ha iDift BloquCDi rpeaker. College, Ij/m; Lord J. Beresford, md 
Hif pooa WM Enilifli, idmirably written, Hon. Mr. Agir, Chrut Church : Mn 
wdnrr winninitw prailei of the Duke't Powell, Thuily College) Mr. Lemjillre, 
Boliiical condna. Q^ie^n't Cullrge, Eig/i/i i Mr. Eficoiiii. 
C.C.C. LmHii Mr. frowm and Mr. AU 

. _ .. , . Lini, hoih o( New College, £jig/yJ. Tliefe 

varfitjr Collece, who pineJ j prile btft year podiMt exercife^ were again received with 

fK'aLaliilpocmiMr.&libbard's,byHrJOch- warm and merited applaure, and were moft 

■tkfOl Oriel, whotaitadiftinguifhedhinv- o[ Ihem recited in a nuiiljr energetic fiyle, 

(dfintbc UiuverfUT! and Mr. Dawkios'f, fuiteil lothcOignKy olili>: luhjt^Ct. 
bf Ur. Canning, who fliewed vary great The folloHiiig compliment tu our Royal 

■aiki of briUiwt abllitiei at Eton, ami Tmce Gciierjl, iiHrnduced hy Mr. Aiuherll (iinly 

riHirtr in "t'-t-I Mr.Stibbinl'sCpeccli n fon of ilie bte LiiMiunt-gcnErul and ns- 

priMMl, and furirua put i>r .Mr. Ricliards't rt«:w lo Loid A.), in liii tiuly Miitonic 

poMH* advcrtifcd with the title of " Modern poom, wai reciived wiili lonJ |ibiu]iti : 

* fnaat," (See our Reriew, p. Sjo.) Shall weave a laureiie wreioli for Fre- 

At fiva in the afternoon, a mifcellaneout dcricli'i hmw, 

■wit b^an, anil concluded a little be- Aoil fuiguf pe;icc teltucM, .ind Europe lav'd. 
Ikc ninei in whjtii particular applaufe was Another of the (pcaksrt, we think Mr. 

pren to Mafter \Ve)clii who wu encoied, Fenrofe, (lun, in caucliirua, 4dilreflcd tlw 

aiwasMn. )liilingt<>n in l^er laR fung — to Chancellor) 

Kmmpholii, Fifcher, Ciamci-, and LinJley. ' 1 ii thine the great derien lo own. 

The Chiaeetlur, heads of houfes, tic. Ice. And wuch, wiili ^iixion: care, tlie aliar and 

t*tlie number of 4Co,diaeillhildav in Chrift tlje crown. 

Clnirch hall, where a very elegant dinner Louil plJudir, Sj alfo at tlus otiier cau- 

wai pruvideil by the dean. Tlie duke wu eluding fcnienti: i 

DOC ai the concert in Hie efeaing, Alhiim fh.ill fioiirilh,3.« in days of yinc, 

A doaor of divi lity, wlio exerted his W- iiiciice Ihail trjin her fmii, and fred'om 

tDuft ellorti tomaintain order in the Tlie^re, giurd her Ihme. 

o( which lieiitttemofl a^ive curator, anJ And 4 ths ciunplitaeitt, ^M \i^ \.v. 

ti Uto'genmllx hi/Ted, fmial apda a a>itti.f Lcicaillie : 

It 



666 Difcription of the Encanla at Oxford.-^cim/r; Uews, [Ji^Iy, 



Poitljuid ! lov' J name ! i-efounds from every 

voice, 
And England faiiAifics b«r Oxford's choice;— 
u-hicli drew tears of pleafur*^ from Uie uoble 
Chancellors family in the gallery. 

ThexompUment to the ladicF, 
Sec the foft form of each bewitching grace, > 
he, 
Britanniafecras to fit 
Midft, Sec. of Beauty and of Wit j 
introduced by the fame gcntlen.in, was en- 
cored wiih loud apphiufe. 

A blr.nlv-vcrfe poem, in ftyle ftppro;ichiiig 
very ne:.r to that of th«; fiitUimenUl poem of 
LcvveMwii hiil, was to liMve been fpt-ken 
upon the fubjeft of war, dcpr«*calins its va- 
rious c;d.inuiie5; and the rcaiun of its fup- 
pi'ediiin dots not sppcar. 

We l;ear that lume more of the Addrcffci 
will he printed. 

In the afternoon of this day llie mufical 
fjrtiv.U clofed with thcfucrcd Or.itorio of the 
M rlli \\\ ; and we are h.sppy to announce, 
tliat ihe n.u'ic of c.ich li...s been fo well at- 
Undi'd, r-nd fo defci vc^'Iy appioved, lh»t 
the I'rofcllor wdl find hs expenccc, whuh 
amounitd lo near 17^0!, amply repaid; 
whdlt \\n eiM-«yscipnl l>nppinefs in iKiving 
given univ'if»i r.i^f.v-r':. n to the jui'ges 
v.\\k\ itdivirT'J of nuifi'ik. And honelt 
John Bull v.-ll be lnp;^y to licar, th.it " God 
javc :hv Kin?,." nnd «* Ku'.e Bi itaniiV* vvere 
rcpcr-.tcJ'.y p..rf»)rmcd by the whole ha- d, 
voal and inP-iumcrital, joinsd in full choius 
by llic x\ bolenudicice. 

ill i\\\'}v there w.'.-; a ferond hall fi>r the 
h^.'irs, :i' thv Town liall, whch was very 
i-.:l!y aticn.'eJ, and hioke up ahcut four on 
Saturday morning. Lord Caher alfo pave a 
ptivatc dai ct; in tic h Jl of St. MrvryV, to 
Vac Duke and Dutches of Foitbnd, a;'..l tlieir 
c1 j^\nt fuitc of frifnds. There was anolhcr 
pii'vato ball f.t Al! i:.>«i':'.. 

.v.;.'.v.rv, -r^ve. 

Eai'y no'ice wns <:vx to the dffere:^t 
collejoj, that the Cl-mv-c-lor would vifit 
them iu ;urn to take leive, il:at the re- 
fpiJlive head", and n>:'.ib:r> ol nrtb of each 
l:»cicty m.i..^lit he leady to n;c»:i\'« him in 
their col-ege-halls. He b-^an h.s r.nmd at 
nine, pre».ei!td Uy tic »>( :n»lc-, ;»n;l r.ttcnJ- 
cd by ihc ViCf chancellor ; Nihtin^ New 
Colleg* firft (white Mr. Gutch h.u! the ho- 
nour of jMel"; nling to him the two volon\es of 
the Hiltory nnd Antiipiitics of the l"niver- 
fjty;, thc'i I kill' 'I ii, and the r^ft in or- 
tLi. ii: u.is attenilcd to tVie ga'cs by 
tl.e hc.t 's -ifid nia-^ci^ of ^its of r.ich col- 
!«?.«•» unro':M-c', .; :ind tlie -oonger nicmbcrs 
u lik^d .iho-; I Tjr Vi'.iad I ;.;;.;' vn oiico.erea. 
IK' hu! -vallu" ' !.is courtc s-sjfme four ; ani?, 
iiMtr ihnin.', ;ii \V..d.i..ni, qniilo;! t'luUniver- 
l.r. , i.-;..i'l'y .'t fix, Ui .•»^ p.ivaic a nuuaer 
^> }.c •- •• ic ■ 't- 

I h': V. .. u r I'JO nr; favour.iMe during 
ibe wi-.-ie V--K., t..« p: j.r.vu.-.dts w^rc well 



attended. A greater aflemUage of pditt 
company has not been kni>wn in the nniver* 
fity fmto the inflilUtion of L«ird Norths 
1773. "The price «hf lodgings waifoexnr* 
bitant, that the heads of colleges univerCttUf 
agiecd to allow the Audents to receive and 
lodge their friends in their own apaixmentsi 
which they cheat fullv did, fubmitting to 
every inconvenience tor themfelves. 

An unfortunate :>ccident happened on Fri« 
d<y. A fervitor of Wadham College wji 
found dro\%ncd in the Cher welly with a 
parcinr letter to his relations in his pockets^ 
and was buried in the highway. 

NlWS FROM THC CoUNTBY* 

AboitC ilie middle of the day, on Thnrf- 
day, June a", a dreadful fire broke out at 
S:u/:ton Si. y^bn's, atx)uc four miles from 
0--fotdf which entirely dci^royed twenty- 
one dwelling houfo, five harn«, and divers 
other out-buildings ; by which many of the 
inhabitants are reduced to the utmoft dif- 
trcfs, in the compafs of liitk mjre than aa 
h )ur, l)ereft of their whole pro|)city, anJ» 
at the fame lime, lc!t totally d<sl\itaie of ha* 
bration, and not an article infured. A 
m )re drca^ f^d fpeflacle cannot be ima- 
gined ; fri)m being ftraw-tl latched, and 
r'5'"S j"f^ in the wind*> eye, which un- 
happily at th It time blew a fi elh gale, tho 
whole village prefented one general confla* 
gration ; a p K}r old woman, bedridden 
tfirr»u5h a::e :uid i- firmitv, was with grejit 
d.niculty rdcued from hur bed, ?nd car- 
ried u:'.d r an aiijicc.it hedge: a calf and a 
butchei's yard-dog were burnt in the fl.mglw 
tur-!)Oul'e ; and a waggon, loa«'ed wiih ibaWf 
was alio com:u!U"J. A coUe^iiiii under the 
pitronagc of tl'.e m^niiler of the parilh was 
imnK\l..it'r'y fcL do foot \\\ Oxford. 

Fiom Ih'^l'.d we leun tliat the cathedral 
ha'. b:;cn Hint up two monlhs, and will, in 
Till piub.ibility continue foa ye.u' longer, pre- 
vii'US to 111! taking down the £:iLl or choir 
u inflow, and low.Ting ilie roof, lo corre- 
ft^onJ with the na»'e and Sou'h tranfept* 
Fo'ir additional butireffes are found necelDry. 
Th* cxteiiiul beauty of the church is no«r 
over. 'I he nave htoks neat and nicif but all 
ii £.rand£Ui and antii]uity is no m-.-re. Tb0 
p;'ij'>^fevl .u'.dicion lo Li'.e lower ik fo flat that 
it will not l)e aditplcd, and it had been well 
if none of the plans and proje<t\$ lud beea 
carried 1 to rx-icntuin. 

Our Pv»//"w:^'{'corrc<'p)ndent fays, 
" Tlie coiomcnct'uieniof the aibonl-etween 
i\\c Nymph and Llcopatra wxs the moll no- 
ble and aAC'ul t!v.t the n.va! hit<>ry of tie 
"Vtoi'ld ever recorded. The Fic.ch captain 
ordeieil his lh:p to be m:uined, and, cuming 
forward on lite r..i-'. w y, pulled 01 1 hib lutf 
nn-.l calkd owl, »* Hzi h Nmion /" when the 
jhip's com^'any j^ ive ihrcc ch ers. Capmn 
FcllwW| in Iik.>; manucr, oidcicd his men 

from 



17930 HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 667 



from quiatcrs to the ihRiuds, and gave three 
cheers to '' Long live King George the 
Third 1" and his putting on his hat again was 
the figoal for action, one of the moit defpe- 
rate ever foaght. 

The caprain of the Cleopatra was interred 
onSoiKLiy evening, June 23, in the church- 
yard at Portfniouth, attended only by Ids 
own officers. An immenfe crowd of people 
covered the ftreets from the- beac!i to the 
place of inierment. This brave man's not 
being laid 1:1 the ^arth with militar}' honoui's, 
which his coiidufl fo higlily mentei), was by 
ao cxpref^ onler from Government. 

Tlte infciiption upon l^is cofiln ivas dila- 
ted by them, and is as follows*: 
** Citoyen Mullon, 
flain in battle with La Nymphe^ 
June igthi i79i»' 
aged 42 years." 
Vfymevth, Jufy 17. This morning, bet ween 
fevtn and c:2>ht o'clock, the tide flowed into 
the liarbour of Plymouth in a very extraor- 
dinary and rjpid maimer; it rofc two 
feet perpendicular in nine miniit s, and :iS 
T;[ip:dly receded again ; and this it did three 
times in the fpace o^ Icfs than an ht'Ur. It 
Ian fo very f\iift into the Pool, that it wns 
impoinble for a f...l-rov\;ng boat to m.ike 
hcjJ 3;.-inft it : one vclfcl loft h«r bowtprit 
by bctnj run foul of by another thut bocamc 
perfeAly unmanaRcabls, owing to the rapi- 
dity of the GUI reiii. Nothing of the kind has 
been obfervfd here fnre the great earth- 
quake at Lifbon, when the tide flowed and 
ebhed neaily in ihc fame exirnoitlinary 
manner. 

The !ni5c fra^^ment of :snti(inity in CinUr- 
lii*\y funaied to the left "f Kthclbcn's i«.iwt r, 
and uilliih the preempt of St. Au£uil;nc's 
m'Uiaf^eiy, now part of the incUfure of the 
new county Ivjfpital, whicli had wiihftood 
the ihrcks of the elements, and the corro- 
d-ng hitnd of Time, in a very incLruJ poji- 
ttcHy for many ageb, wiu a few days ago 
pcdled down ; b-.', fo flrong was tin* cement 
of the mjteri.iU U ci nhfted o», th;ii the 
united ctfo'tM ot 2co men were fcarc^ly fuf- 
ficie-t to accom[>Ufh it. Wlicn it fell, its 
weight was lo immcnfe that the ground 
Ihook for a confidtiable di(\;.ncc roi.nJ. It 
is compofed of ctialk and Hint iniucgul.ir 
by erf, cemented fo firmly, as to be nearly 
a« hard as a h>I:d ri>tk. Three piivato nieii 
bcliiogirig to the Si.rrey militia, now iii bar- 
racks there, contracted to leiiiuve it t>>r ttic 
value of lie mr.teiir.N, uhu.ii they have foM 
at one lhilli:'g tne c.ur-loavl, for nieiitlinj^ the 
highway. It is fvippolcd there are ni)t Iclb 
ttun 5c: lo.;dr, exclufive of the rubbilh. 

HISTORICAL ClIRONlCLl'. 

Tl'.e la** intelligence leccived ly the 

African AfTocatim from their ti.veiler, 

M.j<'r Hoirghto/i, Js thtt'd Sept. j, I'jfji. 

7 Jits .nteU-.^cucc was icm to Dc L.iidlvy, 0:1 

t/fcOjunbu nver, and being ivjiutn in / e/i- 



cil by the Major at Senibing, was almoft 
obliterated before it came to the DoAor's 
hands. The Atnation of So'iibing is unknown ; 
bat, from the date of the nore, it is fuppqfed 
Chat the Nf njor was far advanced on his way 
to Tombu<ttoo. The note contained infor- 
mation ih'it this adventurous traveller was in 
good health, but Ind been robl ed of all his 
goods. If the Mai )r furvives this expedition, 
we may foon expedl an accour.t of the great 
inland empire, and fpiendid c.ty <^f Houllak, 
of which fach wonders are related by the 
Moorf. But it is much to be feared that this 
geographical miHionary lias met with an un- 
timely fate. 

Some travellers lately arrived from Mal- 
donado md Muntiviedo, poli'elhons belong- 
ing to tlie SpanLirds in South America, le- 
late a fingular phenomenon which took 
place in the river de la Plata, in the month 
uf April laft. The w.iters of the river 
were forced, by a moft impetuous itorm oC 
wind, to the diftance of ten leagues, fo that 
the neigl>ouring plains were entirely inuh- 
daCcd, and the bed of the river left dry- 
Ships which liad been funk in the river (ior 
upwards of thirty years, were nnvovcred; 
and, among others, an Lngliih vefi'cl, wliich 
w;'s ctll away in the ycir 1-62. Several 
perfons repaired to the bed of the river, on 
which they could walk withu-.it welting 
their f«-ct, and returned loaded wtli fdver 
and other richeF, wl.iuh had long been bu- 
ried under the water. Thif phamomenon^ 
whi<.h may be r^niked among the grand 
revolutions if Nature, continued three tiays ; 
at the end of wh'ch the wind ceafcd, and the 
water returned with great violence to its 
natural bed. 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 
'Juw 26. 
This day a Gener.d Court was held at tlio 
Eaft-imlia Houfc, and, after the ufual bufi- 
nets «.f ded.iring the dividend w.ii. difpofed 
of, the motion lor a pecuniaiy ren-.ird !o the 
Mar<|\!is C(unw;'lli>, which I .I'l been fo 
long proniifcd by Mr. Hinchman, was 
bioiigh: f<jrw.ird by him. The Direi5h)rs 
had lecommcndei' that an annuity of c/^coL 
Ihoiild be [.ranted lo his Lonllhp ;■. •! his 
fen for twi.uty year-', pto^i'iJt.i r/>v inu j-j 
kf:g. Th:s Mr. HornJiU'aii vty fiK- 
cetsfnlly c uuelled. He was ru;>f)(u:'.d hy 
evciy Pioprictor prtfeni, an i by ff me of th.c 
Diredors, in the ;^mt:idnie t l-c jMopofc-', 

which W;:s, that //.-• at::u:t\' Jf ',::!. i h. fj 1 .Crd 
CjtnwaiU\ iipil hn ti/J,^_n\ J..) /■:< t"/;,'v \c r : .r/- 
t<i:n. The propritiy (;t r'\'*, v pou f.v,!! an 
(ccafion, wns very llro-.^ly fct foit'., and 
pov\erfully leLonl-.d. hy NMlis. J:iL-%f()n, 
].\iniiii;];t«)n, Cairj->be U ^r. Sec; ;inJ. ..ftr 
coiifuUMabie debate, th.; i'roprieiors v»v'. e-ivV 
I") r.inKAilly to ^'\^ \lc\u.\'.v\v.\u' > -awcw.- 
niri.r, u !: I \\ r-*. ki s \\^v ^i ;'.v.\. v> \ \\.v.v; ^*^>c 
t.'ie wl.(.l- lini". i > V* \nVv\0.\, \\v.\\v u\. Va* 
iitiicliiuiiu'c \\i\*.\\. uuoi^, v^vivW V.-^"^ '^^••- 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [July. 



668 

mained upon that doubtful footing which the 
Direftore placed it by their recoromrnvlation. 

In confcqucnce oi an iuformnioii being 
given to two of the City Conftablcs, that 
the wife of a [wblican in LeadenhMI-ftreet 
had in:ide an elopement from her hulbund, 
the officer! went to the Swan with Two 
Necks in Lad-lane, where they found a 
large trunk, a hox, a large bag, ami the 
lady with her paramour, an Irilhman. Ti.cy 
had taken places m the Liverpool coach, in 
order to get lo IrcleniF. They were care 
fied before Alderman Curtis, as alfi> the 
property. The htjfb.ind attended, ;«nd the 
boxes trunk, and bag being opened, con- 
tained a quaiuitv of plate, wc.iring ap- 
parel, Ihe'^ir., &c. to she amount of \ipwanls 
of aool. Oil the Lady bcinR fearcheti, it 
guineas was found on h^T, a ten p«*iind bank 
note, and a quantity of crowns, Iwlf-crowu 
pieces, &c. The l)ulband fwciring to his 
property, and the book-keeper at the inn 
fwejring to its beinp hooked in the para- 
mours name, he was committed to Newgate, 
and the lady was tommiiicd to the New 
Compter, for trial. She is upwards of fixty 
years of age, and her lover about wcnty-fix. 
Saturday' yufy 13. 

A fire broke out in the rope and yarn 
. manofaftory of Mr. Wilkinfon, at Stepney 
Caufcway. The fire raged with incredible 
fnry ; and as the tide had ebbed, there was a 
difficulty, for the firft fo»ir hours, in procu- 
ring water. The whole manufactory was 
deftroyed, and Simday night, at a late hour, 
the fire was not extingiiiihed. The fire was 
obferved to break out in two diffeient pbces 
at onee ; and as no workmen liad been in 
the manuifaisiory during the whole day (Mr. 
Wilkinfon having on that day giv<«n his men 
a bcan-fcafl), there is every reafon to lup- 
pofc it was wilfully fct on fire. An orchard 
adjoining the manufa^ory, full of fruit trc«s, 
was completely burnt. — The flames were fo 
fierce, that they were diftmdly frcn at the 
diftance of feveral miles from London. No 
lives were loft. 

Sunday 14. 
This morning about one o'clock a fire 
broke out in the painteis' workfhop at the 
Kmg's dock-yard, Depiford, which entirely 
con fumed ilie fame, and great part of the 
joiner and carver's (hop which was adjoining. 
By the exertions of the artificers and (hip- 
wrights belonging to the King's afid the other 
clock vaid , and hy pulling down .iKout ten 
or fificin f« cl Kntith of working (heJs, the 
fl:»Tn^< w< rt" fM under without doing f.irlher 
d.image. Tlie pi e.iift s conlimcd u ere near 
the ^'e.il yaril, ;md, had the wind been from 
the Swiithv.aid, in all probability gieat nnf- 
ch-.cf \vo;r.U have i -.ifiied. 

IVtinfJilay 17. 
Sonic jj^iJliii^f whtihcr fiom .iccivltnt or 
C'V.yn is^ ni't kn<wn, fet f.re to lie furze 
i,j:oii BUcLU^ixih, nhici), fivm tlia Uc dry. 



nefs of the weather, burnt with great fiify* 
The whole heath was quickly enveloped in 
a cloud of fnioke. A ruimber of fire-engines 
went from town ; and the crowd of people 
that flocked down' to fee the fire vw in;- 
menfe. It v\ ai extinguilhed wUbout doing 
any material damage. 

TburfJay a6. 

Three Jtsws were apprehended in the Bo* 
rou;;h, S.'Uthwark, for uttering counterfBit 
ihillings, fixpencesy and half crowns; on 
their b -ing fearched, upwards of 50L ia 
c«>unterfeii filver were found in their pof- 
fetlion. They were lodged in the Neir 
Gaol ill the Borough for examination. 

Monday 29. 
, Ycftcrday morning a meflenger arrived 
.II the otiico of the Right Honourable LxxA 
Gronville, his Majefiy's principal fecretary 
of Hate for foreign affhirs, with defp.;tche« 
from the Earl of Yarmouth, dated at ;he 
camp before Maycnce, July i^, i793,coo« 
taining an account of the furrendi-r of that 
city to his I'lmVian Majcfty on the preceding 
day, with the articles of capitulation. Gaz^ 

The tr<K)ps under the command of hii 
PruiTian Maiefly, in the courfe of the day, 
to .k poflefiion of the gamfon : thofe of the 
Repuhlick laid down their arms, and were 
permitted to retire into France with the bo* 
nours of war. The increafing mortality of 
the gari Kon, from the confined fick, whom 
t was finind impuflible either to attend, or 
to keep from annoying others, made it com- 
pulfory upon the governor to capitulate. 
The terms of furrender are, rhat the French 
garrilonlha!! bepetmiticd to march oK of 
Maycnce witl. t»x honours of war; under 
the exprefs conJiti -n, however, that they 
Ihall not bear armi for one year from the data 
of the capitulation. It gives us an additional 
plcafurc to .»nnounce the furrender of Ma- 
>«.ice uil.'.ut nnhcrbUwd Qud. Had not 
the Fitivrii c.pimlaied, tlic fiaughtcr mult 
have been dreadful on both fide?, as the 
place was to liave l>cen ftormed on the very 
night of the furrender. 

}9^edu(Jday 3 r. 

Marat, that infamous regicide, who lately 
fell beneath the aflTaffin's dagger, and who fo 
juftly merited the fate he has mtt with, ia 
thus delcribed. He was a little man, of a 
cadaverous complexion, and a countenance 
exceedingly exprcliive of the bloody difpofi- 
tion of hib mind. 1 o a painter of maflacre, 
he wouliihave afforded a fine portrait for 
tlie chitf mnnlcrer. His head would be in- 
ef^imablc ftir fuch a fuhjtdt His eyes re- 
femlUcd thofe of the t:gcr-cat, and there 
was a kind «>f fcrocioiUncf, m his looks that 
coie'po.uled with the favage fiorceoels of 
that animal. 1 he only artifice he uied in 
favour ot ihofc line.imo.it:, i>f the breall was 
that of wealing a round hat, fo fcr pulled 
tiown Ixforc, as tu ludc a grrat part ot his 
cuuiiicuauce. 



I7^3'l ^^^ ^ Mtrri^^ $/ ^Hf/Uiraib PgrJ^mi 



669 




U k Mitf ii ite Thomi Atwood, efq. 
wliQ dM Ili7,t7t-wai the anchor of cbt 
Itiiifliy offDonimcit ravtowM in p* 6t* 

f. 576. Ifr* .UorloQ wsi Sfod 8t» and 
laAorof ShMnfiBni ca yaart at tfai) time of 
PBocani* 

P. 577* TIm riport of the death of Mr, 
Fnan Is pnoaamre} that fentlenany after a 
and lingaring illneis» being at tha tuna 
m Swiiierlukly jn good healthy and 
bit TraveU and other publicationi 
the pnfib . 

P. 5Xob ThftPrmoe of WaUock if nniqh 
lanonceil in HoUandf where the Court of the 
Starftholder have fone into mooming for hit 
death; and the Hereditary Prince haiy in his 
pablk leuen^ fpoke in the higheft terms of 
las duraAcr. But a moment before his 
death* he had loudly exhoited the Dutch 
mops 10 fioUomr him againft the French bat- 
fiiriia. His military talents were rated veiy 
higbly. He loft an arm in the laft campaign, 
M the fiege of 1 htunville % and when Mon- 
fieor and the Count U'Artois waited on him 
mth condolence, his reply wasi '< 1 have 
fill another arm to employ in your fervice." 
He joined the army in a fortniglit alter this 



P. <8i. Mr. White (fee p. 50'?) has left 
lus eitate at Selbome to his brother Benja 
min, bte an eminent bookfeller in Fleet- 
flreety and 5000!. to bis eldeft Ton. 

P.- 583, 1. 6, for TuFton reaU Tu&ton. 

Births. 
Jm^ \ T liis houfc in Upifcr Grofvcnor- 
ao. xV. fti'ctt, the Lady of Charles Haw- 
kins, efii. a Ton. 

25. The Laoy of John Perring, cfq. of 
Kew £road-flr«ec, a daughter. 

Lute/)/, at Hochberg^ the Margravine of 
BaJcn, a fon. 

In Merrion-dreeC, Dublin, the Lady of 
the Bilhop of Ktlmore, a daughter. 

At Stephen's green, Dublin, VifcouTitefs 
IJonntcalhel, a fon. 

At Bighoufe, Mrs. Mackay, of Bigiioiife, 
a daughter. 

At Baldwins, in Kent, Lady S.iitoun, a 
dangl.tsr. 

At Ealing, Middlefex, the Lady of Sir Pre* 
deiick Eden, bart. a fon. 

At Richmond, Surrey, theLaiiy of Robi.rt 
Baker, efq. a daughter. 

At his Lordihip's houfe in Sfratfo: I jlace, 
Countels Poulett, a daughter. 

At his houfe in Upper Brook-ferret, the 
Lady of Sir Geoige RumbolJ, bare. ; iV !.. 

In Howland-ftreet, Mrb.Dehany, a An. 

yuJy I. At Soul) iley- houfe, near Windfor, 
the Lady of Cha. F.aiton, cfq. a fi>n and heir. 

2. At hit houfe iti Bulftr'.de-flKct, the 
Lady of the Hon. Lieut.- co}. Fane, .1 fori. . 

3. At his houfe in Billiter-iquaie, the 
Lady of Wm. Manning, cfq. a fon. 

7. In Richmwjd-buihln r*:, Soho, Mvt. 
Afodtin, wife of Mr, AT* MUoiucy, a foti^ 



II. At fab hoole in PorCbrnd-place^ the 
Lady of Thomas^Tyrwfaitt JoobSi efii. a te 
and heir. 

13. At Brixwoithy the Lady of NicoUi 
Raynsftirdy e(q. a daughter. 

I A. The Lady of Mr. James HaOj after* 
ney mihe Ponltryy a ion. 

1 5.. The Lady of the Rev. Rich. Caal%, 
reftorof Waloot, ca Warwick, a daughter* 

16. At Balgarvie-houfe, Mrs. '^'glrtflni 
jun. of Scolfcraig, a fon and heir* 

liAaaiAOBS. 

P, 574, cot 1, L 6if read <' jone4. AC 
Kenfiogtony John Monckton Hate, ^q. of 
Phillimora-pljicey to Mils Gale, daughter of 
the late John G. efi). of Wbitehafen,' n 
Cumberland.'* 

JUttt AT Craigfbo> co. Aberdeen, John 
SI. XjL Hunter, efq. his Majefty's confnl 
lor Seville and St. ^ucar, to Mift ElixatetiH 
Barbara Arbntbnot, daughter of Robeit A. 
efq. fecretary to the bcnrd of tmftees lor 
manutafiures, Jcc. 

Rev. Mr. Crpmpton^ of Beltoo, near Ysai 
mouth, to Miff Fofter, of Haddonham. 

14. At Alton, CO. Derby, Robert Soitoo^ 
efq. of Scofton, co. Nottingham, to MUa 
Mary Vertlft, id dau. of late Hen. V. efq. 

25. AtChichefter, Geo. Lyon, efq. captain 
Ln the nth regiment of light dragoonS| to 
Mifs Loitifa Hart, of that city. 

Mr. Blayney, furgeon, to Mifs Birch, both 
of Hemel HempOead, Herts. 

27. Mr. John Adams, jun. of Edmonton, 
eldeft fon of Mr. A. ma(ler of the firee-fchool 
tiiere, to Mrs. Sarah Fairfax, fchod-miftreiSf 
of the fame place. 

AtAnniellownJn.Slacke,erq.toMifsGrnr« 

At Great Gaddefden, Herts, the Rev. Mr. 
Perry, to Mi6 Halfey, yeungell filler of the 
late Tho. H. efq. formerly M.P. for Herts. 

29. Rev. Bafil Berridge, reAor of Aider- 
church, CO. Lincoln, to Mifs Tanfield, dan. 
of bte John T. efq. of Carthorpe, ce. York. 

Rev. I'homas Baker, of Yarmouth, to 
N!ifs Fielding, only daughter of Beaj. F. efq* 
of Burgh-caftle. 

Lately, at Philadelphia, Geo. Hammondg 
efq. his Britannic Majefty's mini fter- pie ni« 
jxaentiary to the United States, to Mifs Peggy 
Allen, of tliat place. 

Hamilton Gorges, efq. M.P. for the county 
of Meath, in Irel.ind, to Mils Spencer, of Do> 
minic-llreet, Dublin. 

At the houfe of the Countefs of Longford, 
in Rutland'fquare, Dublin, George Lucas 
Nugent, efq. of OAle Ricliard, co. Meath, 
to Mifs Sherlock, daughter of the late Wm« 
S. efq. of Kildare. 

Right Hon. Edward Carey, member of the 
privy council in Ireland, and many yeanM* 
p. for the county of Deny, to Mrr. Gore. 

Mr. Thomas Whaitcn, grocer and malt* 
Iter at Alhbourn, to Mrs. Vau^rf, ^'vC^ovi^ 
d.nigh'cr of Rev. DamtV D jk\ci\\)WX) oVR^*.- 
djife, CO. MulUDgh^jn. 



KX 



tjo Marriages of conJiJeraUi Perfons. T J^^T* 

At Piiificf, Mr. James Provartl, merchant Walter Perfent, efq. from HaroSroaghi to 

JB Glafgow, to Mi» £liz. Maxwell, youngcft Mifs Lailihury, of Horninglow, co. Staffoixi. 

dai'igh. of late Cha. iVf. efq. of Merkfworth. Mr. W. Fftlwaflfery chemift, of London^ ta 

Rev. Richard Ofwiriyof Wifbecby to Mifs M«fs Knowlesi daughter of Rev. Mr. K. o£ 

HowcU, £fter of Jofeph H. e(q. of 4ilm, near Tinwell, near Stamford. 

Uttt place. At Wood f^ock, in Scotland, John Doc^jjlaiy 

Mr. Wilfon, of Louthy to Mifs Willerton, efq. of Tilliwhillv, t« Mifs Penelope Maclcen- 

•f Grantham. zie, dau. of late J<'hn M efq. of Strickathrow. 

Mr. Oliver, banker, of Newark, to Mifs lo. At Waiighton-houfe, the feat of the 

ItOfwcy danghter of Robert L. efq. uf Oxon, Hon. Charles Hope, Alex Marlean, efq. of 

CO. Nottingham. Ardgower, to Lady M<ir(;aret I^ope, dau. of 

Thoro;is Rawfon,efq. of Wartrs-cnd, near late aud firtcr of the pieltnt \\. of Hopetoon. 

Sheffield, to MiCa Barker, elded daughter of Stq)lien C.tttley, «fq. of CAi-oberwelly to 

Joim B. ep:{. of Bakcwell, co. Derby. Mifs Reed, of Leadenhall-ftreet. 

Jolm WiImot,efq. of Bedford-rftw, M.P. ii. Mr. T. R. Waifon, to MiCi BUbfy 

Ifx Coventry, to Mifs Haflam, daughter of both of Market Kaifin, co. Lincoln. 

the late Col. H. Rev. Dr. Walfby, preceptor to Princo. 

■ July I. Francis Da(hwoo<', rfq. to Lady William of Glouceller, to Mifs Henrietta 

Anne Maitland, fifter of the E. of Lauderdale. Keffet, of Grecn-ftreet, Gr.>fvcnor-fquare. 

Mr. Bruce, of London, to Mrs. Good, of Mr. Francis Fatten, ftone-mafon^ of Sc» 

Tring, Herts. Margaret's Bank, Rochefter, to Mifs Irvioi 

At Potteme, Wilt^, Richard Nowell, efq. only dau. of John L fen. gent, of Chatham, 

of th^ Inner Temple, to Mifs Coham, daiigh. Mr. Wm. Dugiiid, mer«.h.int in Aberdeen, 

of Rev. Mr. C. archdeacon of Wilts. to Mifs Marjory Leilie, daughter of the late 

At Hamilton, Campbell Doug lafr, efq. late Mr. Alex. L- merchant there. 

of Jamaica; to Mifs Agnes Maiih.<l, daugh- 12. At Edinhuigh, David Cathcart, efq. of 

terof Mr. Rob. M. merchant, Gbfgow. Greenfield, advocate, to Mifs Mary Moorey 

2. Mr. Thomas Burnett, of Vauxlialli to daugh. of Rob. M. ei'q. of Bhirfloon. 

Iklifs Wood, of Lambeth. 13. Rev. 1 homas Etherington, of SL Al« 

Mr. HarhfoD, bookfcUer, of Pater>no(ler- ban-hall, 0.\ford, to Mifs Van Milderr, of 

row, to Mills Routh, of London-llreet, Tot- Newington, Surrey, 

tenham-court-road. Hcdtor M*Donald, efq. writer to the fig* 

3. Rev. Mr. Harder, of i?oniton, Devon, net, to Mifs Buchanan, of Drummakilo. 

to Mifs Lavington, of Exeter. 14. Tho. Duihtm, e(q. capuin in the E. 

At Bath, John Palmer Chichefter, efq. of of Hopetowi'^ fencihle regiment, fecond fon 

Arlington, to Mifs Hamiltt>n, eideft daugh- of fam«r<; CaUlerwood D. of Lai go, to Mifii 

ter of James H. efq. of B.ingour. Young, of Netherfield. 

4. Henry Bayley, efq captain of marines, James Stuart, efq. of Thames-ftr. to Mifs 
to Mrs. Stephens, auhor of fcvcral little po- Murdoh, dau. of Wm. M. efq. of Ri^tteixiam. 
ctical pieces, particularly the heauiiful KItjy i r. Samuel Eftuick,efq. (fon tif Sara. £• 
addrcffed to Majefty (fee p. 464), and w idow efq. fecrctary and i egirter of Lhelfea-hofpi- 
of the late Mr. S. merchiinr, of Snow-hill. tal), t^ the Hon. Mifs Hawke,dau. of Ld.H. 

Wm. Skinnerj efq. of Americarfquare, M^. HodgWin, draper, of Leiceder, to 

cldetl fon of Mr% Alderman S. to Mifs Mifs Sophia Gantble, daughter of the late 

Cuomlier,iof Lewis, SulTex. Mr. G. alderman of that borough. 

J. Larking, efq of Eal^ M.tlling, to Mifs Mr. Androw Reld, inercliaiit, Glafgow, to 

Style, only fifter of Sir C. S. bait, of Waier- Mil's Janet Patei fon. 

inghury, Kent. 16. Rev. Richard Munkhoufe, to Mifs 

Mr. W.lkinC^n, of Trmity-coUege, Cam* Savage, daughter of Ariliur S. efq. of Bof« 

brit^gf, to MiIsN».hon, of Brantingljam. tun, in America. 

Wm. Barklevjcfq. af the Middle Temple, Mr. Robert- Ricliard Mawley, of the Bo- 

to Mi's, ^hercr.mbie. rough Higli-ftrcc'.,to Mifs jane Stevens, niece 

6. By fpecial licence, at Sir John Frekc's, of jtJhn Wakcticld, efcj. of Ciieftiunt, Herts, 
bart. in Gardiner's-row, Dublin, Dudley Wm. Brown, M.D. late from Koly van, in 
Left us, efq. of Killyo-', co. Meaih, to Lady RulTi.', to Mifs Hamilton Walker, daugh. of 
Jane Goic, younguft dauphter of the Earl of the late Dr. Ri^b. W. of Edinbargh. 
Arran, by his Loidfliip's fiill wife, tlie filler 18. Benj Porter, efq. of Gower-ftr. Bed- 
of the Earl of Anncfley. ford-fquare, to Mrs. Barne, widow of Geo. 

At Rumford, Eflex, Lieul# Colin Camp- B. efq. of I heohaius, Herts, 

bell, of the 3cth regiment, to Mifs Barrow, Mr. Thomas Halley, one of the propric- 
of Chclfca, daughter of the late Capt. B. of torswf the cotion-manufa^lory at Amerlham, 

tlic R'/yal Admiral Eaft Indiaman. Buck, to Mif> Monon, of Woodfide. 

7. At Wolverhampton, Mr. John Dicken- V\ m. Huiciief jh, clq. of Briftol, to Mifs 
(on, furgcon, to Mifs Howe, of Bromfgrove, Chnpm:;n, of the Hot wells, daughter of RcY. 

9. Mr Floyd, of Emford, Kent, to Mrs. Dr. C. liie fcnior prel)endary ot BrUlol. 

' odgf on, of y-itnholomcw -c\oh, Tho. V«'U«U.Ae,t<<\.ol Wc^fee?iO\, tvi.L\ns» 
1/ Mr. John Cooper, df';iper, to Mifs Hall| co\n, ioMis,>N\ittO»»,vA^>4a\.\tv^'iuvu 

; 0Uj of Northampton, ^ 



LWjaiaii, at tha 

tft nf.cf M^iBt^ls Udr Malildk Weft. 

m Tp^iilli: Ew. RicbvdRcibam, af 

HkAidihSunri Mlow of Kug'i collet, 

and fin of IhB bte Dr. R. provaft of Etoa, 

■a lli& llHtant W>d^ dnctacr of Ctw Uis 

' tM.Ur.W.o(8c»fbnL 

. AICIiftomnrarBiift*l,R«r.Mr.RotKTli, 

It Hi& Wi«iB, of VthifloD, CO. Pembrdu. 

At Hnrkhill, nnr Edmbonh. the Hon. 
tlctthar W«fton, aie of tbs barotu of the 
konli Mtcbaqnor, and bntbar of Ld. Gnuit- 
Ig, to Mib. C«nlino-E,liiabe«Ii Balmain, 
Aailfter of llw late Jimet B. oTq. oiw of 
Ibe conottffionen of excife for Scotlanil. 

Ur. Aulrew Stepheiif.a, mcrthanl in 
Gb^aw, to Mi& Anna Ho»imi, daughter 
of Ur.' U. priocipil clerk to the General 
' tiAr^Mce M EdiidMreh. 

19. Hr. Dmn, of Flect-IlreH, to STiti 
P^, o( Utile Dan, Cd. OlouceHer. 

10. Ur. Ctairlci RdhW) eldefi (ba of John 
R'e^ of GnM H«nmt*te-flreet, Wappn^ 
frUi&FkUins, of Btackbetfh. 

11. At Craoford, MidiHefes, Edw. R»- 
tntooft, aH^ to Mift Emma BnrnNIt ad 
d>L af Tlio. H. e(q. of RuJp-, to Satup. 

I]. R*». John Holl^d, vie.ir of Long 
CniH'on, Bnak^, tn Mib Chsrltxic Siyli;, 
dLUSii- •<! Mr. S. uf Thame, fureeiin, &C. . 

14. Rev. John Dijhy Fowell, reftor of 
TorW^ui, lo Mifs Siirah Knowl.ng, ddugh. 
of Peter K.eXq uf Walbbnurne. 

i;, Wm. Whitmoie, efq. of Coleman- 
fireet, [n M'fi hlia- B<>uh. 

Capi. J. Hyile BrumwicliioFan independent 
unp. to Mill Keir, of S<Miihain|i ton-row. 



FrinJ at CakutUi, J^l'.l en Itaid ibt 
Slif Sluw AriljTier, tg S4iigur Ifldnd, 



J>*c. a 



1791. 



TO dtfcnbe lite awefut, hnrrid, and 
limeiuable acti<le<rt I luve hnn an 
wjt-wiinnii cf, ii impoHible. Yeftenjjy 
morning Mr. Downey, of «ie Cnmp.iiiy'^ 
trrops, Lieut. Fyelinkh, )-Mr Mr. Miinni 
(fim ul Sir Ileaor) aiul myl'df, went nii 
lliore i<n Sangor ifljnd tn fltuiit de^r. We 
biv innumerable irickl of tigers and deer, 
but flill ne were induced tu ptirfue our 
^ort, and did the wlmle d.iy. AbiiuC lialf 
paft three we tii dnun on the edge uf the 
jungle, to e.t fii-ne coU meat (em os froni 
the ih:p. and li:id Juft cnoimenced our me.1l, 
When Mr. Pyebnch and a Ij ^tk fervaui mid 
OS lliereH'a>ali:iedecrHiihnrixyanIs «f 
m. Mr. Dnnney a>id myielf imnifdiiiii'iy 
jumiwj up to (like our giiiis ; mine wjs Hie 
Dcan-lt, «nd I li.id jult Uid liuld cif i< when 

inrni n1' ii>F^ liE^r fpring on tlie iiiifni lu- 
njle tltii.r.i, Khn was liriinji dim n. In x 
moment his IichI via< io Ilie1'«al'*» mnniri, 
«ul 1w rulh»l into Ilie ji»u'e K'ft/i l-'U), 
wab it mucJt arc nS 1 cuu/J life » kaieu, 



tcHing bitn throogh the thiskeft baflNa anl 
tiesi, every thing yieldjog to hit moaftroM 
ftrength. The a^oniei of horrar, itgn^ 
and, 1 nuift lay, feir (fur there were ttm ' 
tigeri, rnale and femate) milled oa ma |B 
Mice. The only eflort I eouLI make wm im 
tn at bitn, though tha poor yooth Wat ftW 
inhitmovh. I lelied (attly on FroviikDc^ 
partly on my own aitn, and fired a muflut. 
I faw tite tiger ftagger aod agitjlad, sil 
cried out fo immediaCelr. Mr. Donmef 
then fired two Ihatt, aud I one more. W* 
retired from the jungle, uni, jk few minutN 
afitr. Mr. Monro cane up to in, lU over 
blood, and felL We look bim oaourlock* 
to the tHMi, and got every aiedicai aliiAanDB 
for him from ihe Valeotioe £a(t lodia-mM^ 
which l.iy at atichor near the iilsid, bix ia 
vain. He lived a^ boon ia the niliiiwi 
of torture j liii head and fl:uU ware tor^ 
and broke to nieces, and be wat wounded 
by the elawi all over Us neck and Iboiddan t 
bttt it was bettn- 10 Uke bin away, Iboeck 
inecoverable, than leave him t« be devoured 
'linh by limb. We have jutt rs^ tlie fon»« 
ral fervtee over the body, and cammiltad it 
to the deep. Re wai an amiable and fio- 
mfinE youth. I mud ahfeiTe, there ivai m 
l.irge fire bbiing clofe to us, corapnfed of 
ten or a doaen ulwde trees ; I made it my- 
feiF, on puipofe tu keep the tigcri oa', as t 
hod always heard it would. There wera 
right or ten of the n.ilives about ut| manf 
Ihi/s luid been fired a( the i>lace, and much 
rioife and Imsliiiig at tlie lime ; but Ihis fe- 
rocio IB animal difregarded all. The liuman 
niitid c:jinot form an iilea uf Ihe fcenej it 
turned my very foul within me. The btjft 
u-ai about f^>iir .^nd a half feet hish^ ami 
nine long.. His li;:.d apiiejied as lai ge as la 
uxi, his eyes dailing lice, and his ro.ir, 
wli.ii he fiift teized his prey, wilt never he 
out i>f my resillelftiiin. We h.id fcarcehy 
pulhcd our boats from tliat cuifril Ibnr* 
when IIk ti|refi made her jppear.tieo, 
r.iging mid almod, ;uul rem.iiiti'd on the 
f..nd as Ions '> thf diflance would allow me 



cullun 

Mjy J. At Clifinn, near the Ilotn-elU, 
Briftul, Mrs. MacyCiimpheil, tutiil'of Alex. 
C. efi|. of Wurion, Mijdlclex, sndfnrmerlf 
one uf the council at Fort WiUi.,m, HengaL 

1 1. Mrs. Martlia Qli^iTcll, many year* 
governefs to yming lilies in Cuter-laae, 
Doaor-comniuiif. 

At Clapham, Mr. Jolhia Yt'lowley. 

^1. Al Potlliill, CO. Glouiijllcr, ajed yj, 
Ji.jin \V*li-, clq. 

JuM... Ai Rome, :^z■iA T- yearf and 1 
moii'ti, Cardin d boi'unieii, ui llie cieaticu 
of Clc-ment XI II. 

I. rhci. lto[;erf,efi|,of Ne»iiiston-jr?en, 

8. Aiyaimoutl^ Mf .\V:x. Mvjw , toroo 
liniu dwtUr ia cuAutal la^kOCl ui Con^in. 



€l2 Obituary of anfiJirahli Pnfim; with 

He has left near ^r.ccl. towards erediing a 
fuoiidlingh^ifpital at Aberdeen. 

II. At Daulifhy in Devonlhlrr, ap^ed 34^ 
George-Anfon Byroiiy cfq. He was a cap- 
tain in the royal navy, and fecond fon of the 
lace Admiral B. by whom he was introduced 
early into the fervice 1 in which, liaving li;id 
Several opportunities of exerting peifooal 
bravery and pmfeflional ikill| he attained a 
great degree of gl»)ry. Having been upon 
the Aations in the Weft Indies, he felt a de- 
lire of fcrving in the Eaft ; and, applying 
f(«r a Ihip going to that quaiter of the globe, 
he was appointed to the command of the 
PheeniXy and (ailed with a fmall fquadron 
under Commodore ConiwaHi;:, early in the 
year 1789' Ever a£)ive, he fought the firft 
occafion of afliifling in the war againlt Tip- 
poo Saib| and, at the very outfet, rendered a 
fignal fervice, by intercepting the Sultan's 
tranfports loaded with military (lores. After 
this he diAinguifhtd himfelf by landing foroe 
of his-cannon, and leading a party of his men 
ID affift in reducing one of the enemy's for- 
trefTes on the coaft of Nf alabar } for u hich 
lervice he was publicly applauded in the of- 
ficial accounts that were fent home. Un- 
fortunately, he fell a viAim to his alacrity in 
this war. When Gen. Abercrombie was on 
his march towards Seringapatam, the (hip 
iK'hich Capt. B. commanded lay ott' the 
xnouih of a river, up which his afli fiance 
vas required to convey a part of the army, 
and it was necelTary that he (hould have an 
in:erview with the General. At tiietime 
the inier\'iew was to take place, it blew 
frefh, and there was a heavy fea on tlie bar 
of the river ; but the fervice required expe- 
dition, and danger difappeared before hts 
eagernefs. A fea broke upon the boat, and 
overfet her. In rifmg, the gunwale of the 
boat ftruck him twice violently upon the 
breaft ; and, when he was taken up, it was 
not ^ippofed be could furvive the (hock he 
h.id fullained. He was, however, for a time 
redored to life ; but he was no more to be 
rellored to his country. The faculty did 
ivhat they could to prefcrve him, and then 
ordered him to EngLind, rather hoping than 
believing he could efcn|>c fo far with life. In 
England he lias lingered above i z months ; 
enuring which time he had experienced the 
mifery of witneiUng the dilfohuion of a beau • 
tiful, amiable, and beloved wife, who died 
at Bath, on the 26th of February laft, at the 
ageof 2 9 years ; upon which event lie retired 
with his children to D.uilini, and there fur- 
Vived her only three months and a fortnight, 
in his public ch.ira».*^er he was brave, aflive, 
and (kilfi<l ; mid his Mrjclly has loft in him 
an excellent and loyal o(hcer. In his private 
chard£ler he was devout without the a]>|>ear- 
a!Ke of it, fond of hiii family, conllaiU in his 
fnend(hii>s, generous and humane. The' 
he^'.rcs of many who read this will t>earie(ti- 
jnojjy to the jultice of the prjife, as ihe 
itejit of him who writes it be.irs a forroxvful 
fc/ii/Tw/jj tu the fuKcnty of bis aSXkiMsnu 



itb BiigrapKeal jtuitAtit. [Julff I 

It, At Aix»h-Chapelle, in his 4jd yor, I 
unmarried, Sir James tterclay, baronet tf 
Nova Sco'.ia, a captain in the royal navy, and 
ffirmerly commander of tlie Leaoder and 
Windfor Cafllc men of war ; not lefs diftiif 
gui(hed fi>r his g.illant conduct, on vaiioai 
occafion.';, than for his integrity, honour; and 
other aminbie \*irU>es. He was the lineal- 
defcendant and heir of Sir Rob. Barclay, kit* 
of Perilloun, in Air(hii^ w1k> was created a 
baionet of Nova Sa)ti.-\ Od. 22, 166S. Ha . 
was interred with military honours in thi 
French Wallf)on Proteftant church at Matf- 
tricht. Robert B.irday, of .Aix-la-Chapclk^. 
his only brother, who m:uTicd EUaabeUty 
the fifter of Richard TickelU efq. one of bis 
Majedy's commiflioners of the Itanip-offictf 
and has ilTue by her, a fon and a daughitTi 
fucceeds him in his title. 

15. Suddenly, at Borrowdale, while in tba 
chapel, aged -**;, Mr. Daniel Jopfon. Till 
the time of !:is den'.h he was never kncnini 
to be fick, nor ever took phyfick. 

16. At Edinburgh, William Menzics,erq« 
folicitor of the c>i(lw'n*k for Scotland. 

1 8. At MoMat, whitiicr he liad gone for the 
recovery of his health, Alex.Rofs,efq.of Col- 
roflie, lieutenant-coloR?! of the late i03dreg. 

At Fiiherrow, near MuITelburgh, in hit 
79th year, George Sciku:, LL. D. EmeriUB 
profciTor of humanity in th; untyerfity of 
Edinburgh. He was admitted to that ofUcn 
in 1741, and retired in 1775, after having 
taught with reputation 34. yerys. He w.<s a 
great mailer of the Latin tongue, and ufed 
to read ledluies upon the Roman cla(&cks 
with fingubr vigour and animation. He 
was particulai ly fuccefsful in explaining the 
Roman antiquities to the higher clafles ofhis 
(Indents ; and, by the dignity of his afpeft 
and manners, intpired his hearers with an 
enthvifiaHic admii-ation of the langua;^c and 
literature of aniient Rome. By the abilities 
and talents wliich he difplayeil, he piovcd 
himfflf worthy to fit in the chair which had 
been filled by the celebrated Lawrence Dun- 
das. Having acquired a competent fnrton::, 
he retired from public life, expeMing to 
fpcnd the evening of his days in enfti and 
comf.iit. But the premature de^h of hit 
only furviving fon, the late eminent Gilbert 
Stuart, LL.D. who was lod to him and to 
the literary world in 1786, and, lately, larae 
other domedic calamities, paiticularly tlie 
death of an excellent wife, loft him difcon« 
folate and forlorn. His numerous pupils^ 
many of whom it was his delight to befriend, 
and to recommend to comfortable (ituation% 
will lament that the clofe of his life was em« 
bittered with rorn)w. He was llic ol.icit 
member of th'it celebrated feniin;^ry to which 
he belonged, and is fucceeded by Dr. John 
Hill, who was alTociated with him in 1775, 
and is now folc profclfjr of hun-uniiy in the 
univerfiiy of Edmhuigh. 

20. Ai I'refton, in Line (hire, in lier '-;4th 



id ji &» iiii<<crflani.'iiijr, I 

iooin rcadins, eod a rW'.^rmls 
t Eovemed all htr ihouiili-.', 
9ionS,juii)l>iipMher *' riEri'inl 

fiB, fc thtf ba waf liitle (ceii, and never to itiotb h ihc cotnniuid nf K» on." S:i* 

trabnB * propar Htcndwit. Hi cfliics, la<w Iwrdutr, *nil lhepr*ili(<(Jit. C011- 

Mrkb pnBnl, no dooht, br tlili rcclulion, fcimuujfly viriunn arul I'-ligu uk, hw o '« 

«iN iia*«r worib le&tluii ic^ool tyoat rigid. Her p'dt whi iif ll>eth»Fltil olt ) 

H* i* fu CM L JtJ ill hoiioort hy nil nephew, for, though t'epriveil, by ioi)H..iit ill hesU',, 

KitMrt, now TifcsuntMulafworlh, of Ken- fri>m )oininE in the ptttiuii) of Lie, fet, Iv 

tajaa priaCB' far Frum cci.L'cnii.mg, Ihe iMun<niti.;:til 

* MShMpfhnJ, en. Leiuflcr, Mn. Lad- tlwm, in a niiHli,Txi<(k^iee, l« mrier-, ;i"d 

]Mr,«4faDrMr.L.anreriiidin«1iftn-. nn»l»a>t gbd nhcn Ihe ouul.i pK'.Uidu 

•J. At Hil«-cod, aged 8 j, C.^x. IhoRIM hei Famil, toiviicve tlenfclvet fr, n i!.eit 

AikuilMl. tender atteniinni tu her by mixinji u ]:[i'e in 

AtSwrurdiSiiflfcl, June<Charnben,«fq. the amuremeiiii «f the wO'ld Sl.thau^fi 

IbaaUcfl jtir^of ll<at Ciirpiiratiaii. afte^iiitialB Mid grxleTuI Icnie vi iici gi'ud 

Al Rrfhefltr, ^11. KckIk, widow of and honnuied parmts'tare and ir.Ji.'£em*, 

Q^. D..nd R. and d.Kslrtpr of Hie Lite >nil j'tfly eDetinrd ihcir oori! . a- ■ {-.i^ 

ChrtfUflMr J<ilenui<, clii> of Dulling him, ter, fl^ *is montcndeily and laniully Imid 

BMT llawstatket.— Capl. David Rvhc WM aul kinu ; 11 ■ Onil e< tml futr.d .-uiJ c-aw 

A* y«u>lg*n (ni> hjr i.racmi mnn laje, of panioni Sia<i)i, ei dtari>'£ I ini>r itlive) 

CotDUUnr JaninK. wliofc' anciAni) nera and wil c\er br Lmenlcd hy i.tro I] fn'rr, 

'LefiJRocha, Vi(e«inlFe.mi7, m theemin- hr hofo " frurd. /iin-tnihn o-X'.ii-y, 

9 of Cork. HcUwaienteipiifiiiK and a her di1[Vir>iioii v.ia <rt;!y ar.d :i{ti.e:y chari^ 

M*a ufflrar, ferirrf la Amaixa aad In.iia, t>bte and benrvolct.t; loi it « ;<'u.vi- ^<u, 

<pd WM bv«rid loM* HwiNJaA Jl» bml itw (lutft CBBftiwftim v^^tt w«t^ \sni.\- 



674 OUtiunj 9/anfidirMi Pirfias; with BUgrephkal JhicdiHi, [ Jolfi 



ipent and every adioa, wishing to promote 
peace, and loving to do good. Thus prepared, 
ihe m^c death witli a pious and cilm refig- 
nation, and yielded her gientle fpirit into the 
hands of her Maker In peace, and tbankfiaU 
oe(s, almoft w'uhoot a flroggle or a figli, 
(ayiiig, (he <' bleffed God Ihe found no lions 
in the way "^ So that the wot ds, '< Oh Deatby 
where is ihy fling ? oli Grave, where is thy 
viilury r" may with juftice and comfort be 
/pplied to her exit. 

z6. At Old Caftle Bridgend, co. Glamor- 
gan, aged near So, Mrs. Matthews. 

At tlie HotwcUs, Brifto), Mrs. Gore, re- 
liA of John G. efq. and only daughter of iIm 
late Sir Wm. Traper. 

Aged 76, Mr. Coleman, one of the alder- 
pqe of Leiceiler. 

Of 3 deep decline, in the prime of life, 
Mifs t7:i(h, ohly daughter of Mr. George N. 
of Tring, Herts. 

27. At Dalkey, in Ireland, in his 80th 
year, Wm. Macartney, efq. wIm> for many 
years was oiie of the reprefentatives for the 
Uirungh of Belfaft. 

In St. Margaret's church-yard, WeAniin- 
fler» Mrs. At wood, reli^l of i^cv.l ho. A. 

Aged 19, Mr. James Eaftcotti fon of the 
Kev. Richard £. of Exeter ; a very defcnr- 
ing young gentleman, whofe many virtues 
and accomplilbments will fecure him a lair- 
ing I emembrance. 

28. At Folkingliaro, co. Lincoln, John 
Sweet, efq. of Hoxton-fquare, an eminent 
flock-broker, whi>, lad Septemhei', married 
the yoimgeft daughter of tlie late Dr. Savage, 
%o whom be has left a very ample fortune. 

At Poctfmouth, Mr. James Tod, from 
Bombay. 

At Egloftiayle vicarage, co. Cornwnll, the 
Rev. Henry Peers, defervedly lamented by 
all his pariihioners. 

Tlujmas Day, efq. of Portland-place, This 
gentleman, once amazingly rich, appeared a 
haukrupc in ilu London Gazette of Saturday 
like 22(1 of June (as an oilman, dealer, and 
c^iHpman, of Biackman-i^rect, South wark). 
tinable to beai* up againft his wayward faic, 
hri in ttie foreuiion of the aStli, called .it \m 
f-.rTtel in Co vent -garden, Cook lauJanum, and 
expired in the evening. 

29. Mr. Palnek CafTie, roerch. in ISanff. 

30. At his feat at Okeover, iidwafd W;iU- 
houfe Okeover, e(q. 

At Briftol Hotwellr, Mr. Charles Robert- 
|bn> fixtli fon of John R. efq. of Lude. 

Latelyy at China, Capt. Lewia, of the 
JSridgewater La(l Irulioroan. 

Killed, in a cootcA wit|i the deluded rioters 
at Wexford, in Ireltn'i, Major Vallocton. He 
was of German extraitioni his family having 
been introduced into England by his late M.i- 
jefly . His father was librarian to George 1 1 . 
who beflowed Upon the gallant fon Uiu firft 
CommiHion borne by him in the Briiifbaimy. 
At hii lodgings in i4ungicr-ilrect, Dublm, 



At Corky Mn. Vinceat, wife of Rev. Mfi 
V. of Y««ghall. 

Mr. Henry Gofnell, apoClMcarf , in Cork* 
Rev. James Holen, upwards of 40 yetfi a 
eardte in the diocefes of Cork and Reft. 

Ac Glenkindy, the Hun. Mrs. Gordon, of 
Cobardy. 

A t Newtoun, Col. fames EdmonftoODC 
At NewcaHle upon Tyne, Mr. Ricbiii 
Peters, attorney. 

At his feat at Kirk-EIIa, Wna. Hammmidt 
efq. chairman of the Dbck company ttf Kiag» 
Hon upon Hull. 

At Sanclbedsy near Binglty, co. Yorkf 
Elitaheth Dickenfon, daughter of a refpcAp 
able farmer at Suveley, near KnarellK>rough, 
This young woman had been much taken 
notice of for about twelve months, from her 
declaring that in two trances (he had feen 
and heard many tilings relative to a fmort 
ftate, and that ihe was commiffioned to 
preach re|)entance. She therefore immedi- 
ately began to do what (he believed to bo 
her duty, firft near her fatherls hoofc, and 
afterwards in the neighbouring places, wliero 
great crowds attended her. On Whjt Sun* 
day (he preached at Beeflon, near Leedl^ to 
about 5(.oo peoples and going thooco !• 
Sandl%i!s, on the fame errand, flio tbon 
fickened and died, firft furctelling bcf fpeo* 
dy dcp.»rrure. 

At his honfe at HaiHham, Soflex, igo4 
76, Mr. Abraham Langhara. 

At Barnftaplf, after an illnefs of only Cw# 
days, Mrs. Kceder, wife of Jolm R.efq. 

At the Hot wells, Bnllul, John Davie, eiq. 
of Orleigh, co. Devon. 

At Oundie, Mn. Kettle, wife of Mr. K. 
furjreon there. 

At Glapthorpe, near Onndle, Mr. Wm* 
SaunJcrfon, farmer and graiier. 

In his 58th year, Mr. Henry Wamo% 
many years jutlge of the races at Newmark. 
After a Lng indifpofition, Mr*. HealcyK 
wife of George H. efq. of York. 

At High Wycombe, Bucks, MrkCharf* 
ley, wife of Jolm C. efq. 

At MaryiHirt, in Cumberland, aged tia, 
Mr. John MiUiken ; bom in tlie parUh of 
Biidckirk, in July 1681. 

At Tiverton, after a few days ninefs, Mm. 
Owens, wife of Mr. Tho. O. wine-merch> 

At Newhol(l*Verdun, co. Leicefter, aged 
78, Mrs. Mortimure. 

At South Luifenham, co. Rutland, :^ged 
93, Mr. Henry Richard(on. He had 19 
children Ikytu in wedlock ; and their pro- 
geny, added, amounts to near aoo. 

At Shaddow, near Sliefheld, Mrs. Macken- 
zie, wife of the Rev. Alex. M. minifter of 
St. Paul, in that town. 

At Cambridge, Mr. Paterfbxi,of Trinity* 
coUege, in ihat univerfity. 

Rev. A. Bennct, vicar of St. Pacd, ia 
Holdemefs. 

Ac CoU\ Su l>eTvw|» c^ GloiKefter, ReV; 
Johti Uug)M», U. AMO^Xw «l >iai \^a». 



hat 



•0m^tfmik»jY'ii*» iMftr/imi wktSkgnfiii^JMciitH. 675 



roribtkw wadAf of «IAb BMmJ fi) far tea iba 

hi nAfiMl flWh datlinwr Ammm^ taoU, U m». 

. b»eMt ■a< iha pear mm dM in iMft- 

ofttPMr, ;i)kifflUt i|drif«. TIN Mrawr^ inqoi** 

... . a n nf (w» nd whaMwb i». 

1. At rd ty hn ufe, Chmlst-arMl, Cl> 

. WDdiAi fiinM, TboiBH Mq lum FfMf 

■Ann «f KidilcrTninttn-, ea. WorcsAcr. H* wM 

ben Jutf Ti '74*1 turrW, Ifacb to, 

i77fii UKriMibnnb dwctMr ef thnUta 

Biriirf fUrrktitM, by wlwn 1* bJul ifluc 

GMOtM, WiWUB-TlMWl, ChlriM. uU 

TheniMividkflMeHilMltobiirtMK ta, 

IfiHhmJlwnmi, iww in hli ifihyMr^ 
Tbt iM-LMd FettjF M bMD br nMnjr 
Dmtfln In e Ten precvioee Kile ef Jwddip - 
and we« i« LiflMi far the iwceMty af ii^ 
- ahMice he memed as^ a faw i««Ai fine*. 
, Mn. Lmk -Of ihh Hbtoaan k oht he trah Ud, Hut 
and modi*- do- nwa ever pelMU nora nbakr, v 



«Ir.Wa.pBKa. 

Dii|l| MdjnftliFfepWttd by her family, 
Ml ril who knev her, Un. Amrobts, wlb 
«f John A. tfq. of Naw-ftrMt, Sprin|-gi>r- 
rini% MMfdeeibier of GMa CnwfenI, cR]. 
of riihiriiil flrfin 

Mr. Cherlea L|ihi«, e( Cwfiiar<(trcct, 



PoMd *ed in Id* p^nre « WtfH,-BHr 
Oitaf, Mr. Mn tkirrow, ■ eanftte ^ hii 
■TMier. HetadbeM, tbeprecedlaceeM- 
kif, t« fan a pweet df fat «<iile *t AfcMhii 
.ind In the c*eniaK ibda to the fafto*, 
where th«r« ii a fomnMr.houfe, to wUcli 



Mr. Hterj Wtiitn, ^edMcarr, Bnwei^ 



T^i. AtbtalMUleinSt. Aodrew'ifiia. 
b)albu>x^ iMMa V««ii Lord Elltwk, one 
■flbefawlan«fibeColl«|iof JufiicB, and 
■any yatn a kml of juftkiarr. He was 
two Sept.*;, 17111 •oterad ailToata Fab. 
■ It iTlli add ananvardi beeaoie bii Ma- 
iafty't folidiBr, wd H. P. for DemlriMUre. 
HanJi6, TTfif, ha wie adoiiiiad Co* of iha 
lonboflefficn, and filled that hifhflAion 
' inpaitiali^l while ' 



fiumgmabtnch, with lii* btad radioed od 
hit walkiog.ftick. 

In Great RuHcl-ftreet, Hoomfberr, Cii. 
Wm. Hamilloa, ntarty ralatad le the tlaf' 
quit of Aberesrn, and dm ef tha eldaft t^- 
i«cn in hii M'jefty'i faiviea^ 

In lreb<iil,TbaaialAllbMn,eli|.on]rfcH 
of Kev. Dr. A. Ixa of Lmon, EJInc 

ofLeith, >«>1t<, Mr.Joa, 



rfl«ffiBU and fin 

iqul MMf aed in 



The famitT ofVeitcli, o4 which hit LordOiip 
wet the heail, ii rd no fnuU aotiqaicj, hivirf 
fdifiAod in Sutbad finca dMdiyiof Kini 
Rabeit Bfuee. Ihe nanM wai anbcntly 
wrttm r«&, or U rmi, in Latin Kw.) 
and, in allnliun thereto, the family beatt Cor 
moa. All. ihrce cowt' headi rraM, S. aod, 
far enO, another of iha fme ^nmiii. 

At St.Pcleilbvg,Cco.Siitli*[lanil,erq. 

At IM huole in Uark-lane, Mr. Hanrjr 
AdMna, attoraBT. 

In the iafinnuy m. )<iaiinghani, Pnmn 
Wrffli, Ihocmakcr, on ibe Lone Ra«. Hli 
da4h W3J occaliannl by a « oond tn I eceived 
m the ercnins of hit Majcfty'i hirth-day, by 
brt OS n bio, wlio lud wdulsed hloifel/ la ijie 
VtJick# tf Hf aigltt mU aahintiogtf dif. 



I of baleen of 

3- At Eion-fcbool, in hit 13th year, of ■ 
decline, Sir Cidar Hawkinitbait. who, witti 
b'% jawif/a bnAhan, Jidtn and Charkt, 
were Ihe fuTTinni grandConi oT CMJir 
HawlciitF, efq fniseon in Fall mall, alttr- 
wirdi of Kelfton, Co. Somerfel, who, ed 
theijltiof liily, 1778, WM creited a bani- 
nei, and died « Kelflon, nnir Bach, Feb. ij, 
fjti {fee wiL LVI. p. i4i),JuBing furviToI 
hItelJeftfon, John Hiukio^ efq. who died 
alter i tew dayiiUiveb at Baih, :ind wlmfa 
death wH Caid lu have hufteneil liii, u be 
only lurtivod himafew weckt.. Thepre- 
feni baronet ii Sir John Kawkiof, youn(ar 
bniiber vA (he tad. Hit molhtT'i iMme wat 
Cubume, of Ctiippenhem, Wilu, whole fit 
ter ii married to Mllet BmOlIiWMie, cfq. of 
Kenleflon, near NomidL 

At Edinburgh, Mr.ThofnuAJ1>n,ta(e4th 
<iAicer oF [he flfptford E^ft Indiman. " 

Afid 77, Georie Martin, efig. oF tien«h 
hnu'e, iii;iny ynit eiaminine furj eon to the 
Euft tnd'3 CumpMiy. 

AtEaft Haddon, co- 14on.VtMn;ittA, IA1V 
Saevbndge, wife tif Hci»i S. cC^ 

4> Rev. K. Vivian, oi Dodt, tnauj imx^ 



6:6 Ohituary$fc9nfiiiraMtPirfins% ttfith Bhgraphieal /frtfcAiif. f JuIjT, 

in the cJntnmxCCioti of the peace fc>r tl)« Weft- th«t pitce, and uaiverfalfy aod defervtdly re- 

ern thvil'ioi) <•£ Devtmthirey ind chai>l:un cu fpe<5ted and eileomed hy all whfi had the 

til*- rriy^l hoipital at Ptymoutii. p'eiiriire of his acquaintance, \nd who drm 

Mr. DiRory VI ill, aitorn«y, of Plymouth, moft fmcrrely feel ami lamenC the loft of *• 

many yeais d-pucy tuwu clerk, of tiiftt valuable and worthy a menthcrr of fociety. 
borough. 7. At ins vill.* in the vi«int»y of Guerait 

Ml-. Ravner, wife of Mr R. merchant, in Lyon;ioii, vi. Breb 'in, anthnv of tome poli- 

Hation garden, and eldeil After of the i<ev. tical ■r^S.i refiKiCling thr U^etran'adlioii! in 

John Ctde G.ilU*v.i^, vicar of Hiijckle;, co. France, in which he ri*prob:iied the von <iiA 

LeiceOcr. <'f the Narirn.J Convf-ntiou. Ue hid fle»», 

in New-ftreet, Hanover-fquare, Richard in a female garh, fri>m PjHs and had !•• 

Onfl..\v, tfq. - cured ppopKi ry en >u»;h to live decen:Iy nn.' 

At his parfo'iacehiiufe at Qncn'on, FT- He hul wi>:te<s independent t<fhi< p«>Iiticiu^ 

fr-x, the i>e.-. Nichola5 BofcawM-n, D '>• veiviibl in c.dcnlA'ioii; on ttK value of Iilv* 

you* g ft of fcighi funs ef Hugh cieati*«t L'»rd amioitie*, 'he proMeins, rx.im(>le<, folutiona, 

Vifavint Falmouih, .72:>, hy Ci%ilo:te Ins &c. of which w^-re judicious .«nd ftccur;ite. 
wife (one o* tlie miids "f h'mrtir to Q-ietn A: Ro;herhi lie. in his 75ith ycir, S^imnci 

. A'!"*-, and one of th*J dans' tetkanit cl'ciis G-llam, cU\. many yc.rs in the coiTi.titirion 

of Col. Charles GnUfiev, hv La 'y ■\r.^^cl!a of ihr peace, aiid wJio ums onw of the a^n^ 

Ciniichir, filler of J«>hn Duke of Mar ho- nfi.Ji;i!l rates at the r»ot in St. G»:org-'$ ficldt, 

rough), and hr<»ther lo ih*; la'cVifc'iunt Fal- in 176S. See vol. XXXVIif. p. 14^. 
ipouth. He H :«s admiiied at Corpus Chniti Near Henfonl, the L.uly of the Rev. Sir 

co'Icie, Cimhridpe, 174?. »'"', m nght of Adam Got Jon, hart, re^or of Hfnxwurlht 

hii family, proceeded M.A. the year f.:lh»w- whof^i lufs wdl be lon^ regretted, ]vinico* 

ing, and continued 10 rcfide in cwlleg*: till lie In ly Ky her poor ne ;;hh'Mii s. for licr amia« 

entered into l>olv oider^ ; :>itsr v hich, he hie iivuiners an 1 peat giNidnelfi <if lujUY* 
rehd'sd at Cri'lhall-pi»ik» Elicx. wh-rche At Exeter, aged 78, tVTr.Canningtnn, who 

manieil a fift r of thi Rev. Or. 7 hark ry, was formeily an eminent malt m.tker, hy 

of Harrow*, by whom he had two f n«>, which he acquit ed a confiderahle fortuna^ 

,Hu(fh, h 'HI i7^5» dietl i?^^) aiul Nichob*, with gient credit. 

bt)rii 17^". On the Dnke of Nev\c9'flc*s At Fonniainhridp;e, aged 17, Mr. John 

vifu to I'lc univerfity :«s cliancei:o''> June, Fyffe, ouh fon <if Mr Ja*. F. merch. E-iJHb. 
^753, hr was created D. D. { was appointed At Edinh. Mr. Jas. Fairbairn, bookfeller. 
knig'> ch.tplain, dean of Burien in Cornw all, 8. At Oddin^ton, near Stow, co. Clou* 

1 7561 rector of St Mahyn and St. Michael cefter, Mr. Robert neydivi, one of the peo- 

renkevyl, in Cornwall, i774» and prebend- pie called Qf^ikeis^ a man of general know- 

arv of \eftminHer, 1777* ledge, una>Iuming dc|K>rtmcnt, and exien- 

5. At Prrfteigne, after a long and painful five liberality of Icntiment. 

illueCs, whith flic bore with true Chiiftian At lillaiid, Yi»rkfiiire, aged 60, the Rev, 

rtieoce, Mrs. Smith, wife of Rev. Richanl George Kurneit, M. A. miiiifttr of chsA 

vic'F of jtow, CO >alop. She has left a place. This very valuihle man was a native 

' huff: family and an afDi^ed hu(b.tnd to la- of Scotland, and detccndtd from a collateral 

meit her death. br.tnch of Kiihop ftumet's family. In the 

Pn'amentcil only where unknown. Mr?, latter part of his life he poi^clPd a ccmfide- 

^lSartb, wife of W. M. efq of Knig'itlbrjdge. rah-c fortune, which enabled him to diftri- 

At WyverPonr, Mrs kacklum, t^ife of bute hrge funis every year in v.ii-tous aAs of 

Mr. John R.bookf I'er, of Huiy. * hentrficence and chanty, efpecially amonf 

6. Ar the Countef*. of Ptmhrokc'?, the tiic pooier clergy, many of whorn looked 
Hon. Mr. Herb»it, fon of L«»id H. up to him as to a father. The Church of 

At Auchmt-r! e^ co. D.«mhartof, Mrs- Kngl.Td had n-it a more firm ;md deciJed 

Grace Camphr 1, wife of Oorge '>ui,hanan, fiieiul, n-ir true religion a more fincere and 

elq. of X'.ichintorlie, me-ch nt in Gl ifgow. confirtent advoc.ite In «lo<Mrinf$ he adhered 

At j-jtllc Knox, Mifs Ui^clia Gordon. clofely to the Articl- s of the Church ; and, 

Mr. Jo'n 3.111th, <f St;cplc-hall, near in his general pra^lcr .»■• aChnftian, he was 

Wador., Ellcx. piin»flnal an»l c^a^t aInsoJt to a p'oveib. 

At fcvcii o'wloik in ilic ev»*nins;, the only Preferment he hail <»ffrn rcfufed, and died 

clii'.d of Mr. Nicholas, a|>«»thcuny, PuiUliHg- poffeiled of none hut tl.e p410chi.1l chafiel of 

)»' e; at]*', ^tt the iait^e hour on the follow- tUiuuI, of Which he hiid been miniftcr up- 

jftg day. Mrs NiC'iolas. w. rds of ihiiiy ye.irs. He pnblifhed, in tho 

AtGreat Bnckhill, Hucks, the Rev. John year 177^, "A Hint C^ivthUro, inienJed 

PitT«, M A. iipwaids of 30 yeaisjciJtor tif chicflv Tor Chldi»n ami Yonili, on fon»e of 

■ ■■ Cl»e nrviin P* mis of the Chnfti.in R^hgif>n." 

* Sio y>r. Mailers s Hittory of Corpus At Chapel hall, Mrs. Janet Reid, late of 

Chnf\i C'-llege, n. 417; bui in the new edi- Sydfcjfe. 

lonof I oliinVPe'Tdge, VI>.6. it is ftid he At his fear, s^ommerfieUUbfmfe, in his 

m.inieJ l.tucj I'atr^'.'ir of • Wmnlward, 67lh ^ear, ToVAai H^mncvcKVkV, «^«\. ^ y^vat 

jtnj rvitci i*f UuiioOg of Stratford upon and uuo oi iVvt ^uiV^cea tk M^^-sida. 

A yon, €f^, \Tk 



i!- 



^ ^MfnH 1VW* MK ThMW Tk«llo«; «r At McAr, Mn^ Scott» wffe of fttr. Ate 
Ottf^^^l #wil^ Oafani^Bwei, tbeftrft S-of RoHdntomy and daaghcaK of tfw Mit 
w m wm ^ f$ ilw «g«.' -Ito wi« a native of R€V. Joha M '%rChaII» nintfter of TinwakL 
iNfC «f • r i <fc iJ ( to o near Biniiiii|> ' 14. At hi* feat' n«r 3cafteraagh» aftrf 
I fl|MiL«iLaadbnaittn4K»of «7,aiid IhrM days iUobft, Geo. Oibaldeftan, efi|. 
jfcwri aJ HtW irt ogr itoa jffe aig . kboocte. At ChampOeariey to Ltnlithfinr, AkoKm 
iir. Priet, wm i lii«#ar« in tbii boolo of Jol^aftoiH ofi|, of Straitoo» co. Ediabwflk... 
Jmnnai frcit^and Staeo Ha wai taken i>ri*iK a hoehalor, hit dbcas dovohpo opoa 
1itoth«lmife ift afervaott an-tMitaknCi hn HmlMHry James j.>f<). 
UmptifmtitmAt and hops feeo gavo him ^m Ho|«inlbn» afif. of CafilaBftbas^ 
4ba pvi-aouhmoo nt Iha copper fiJo, whera eo Liiict>]iL 

M Ar«aadthoNiruM<f mora than 10 ftars, At hit ItoofalB Bdgar-llresf, tWarorfbi^ 
and, tif bis indfammr, Nmight tt to itK.pre- in hi< 69tfa fear, Mr. EUai IfaaCy many yaait 
tat oaWirief , by mcreafin; ir, hKcerljy at organift of ctie cathedral, and oondoaor of 
ttrntm of loco harreft a-yt-ar. From Mi- Mm Ci Iw-nntAl muficlLfmeadngi at Worcaftar^ 
dwalmai to Midfummf r lad they brewed H .reford,. and Olouoeftar, To hia pftiMI* 
t9»$aa banals of ale. Py hit ffeady Kuch^ onnl (kll* which* hy the oofnefeeoti, waa 
meat to Mbiaft he' ww, fifteen vaart ago» ^^^ (highly* he xkiad the qiuiidMy of ftill 
t*en iato partnarfliip, am! fiirvived ^ tha higher vahiey that charaAeriCe An honaft 0Mai# 
Mar fhreo partnirs He married a nieca of At Enfield -high way^ aged 63, Mit. Lai^ 
ana off the iMitnen, hf whtiiii he had vtm rditt of Hf. U fiumar. 
tfiatlKar. In h» perfon he wat remarkably 15 Mr. WiKan, Wmkfellar^ Noltingham» 
%rtall a a a d a , a6liva, hw'y, and, (or hodily After a few^hoora iUoBfii^ m tha cam( off 
Arvqgthf oione of his ilraymen coiild cooaa Cifotn, the Hon. C Soiithc^ellf of the thif4 
Mar hmi| yc^acnmrlicaroJ iUneff «f fiv or dragooii;^nanli^ only brother of LonI 4a 
aikta oMthv, proofoJing, pn^Kibly, from tha Clflbidl 

'of esianding hii hufineis, hmke hM At Uads-eafik, in Kant» faibbSythytai^ 
t moH ineYita)«ly do the ftrongaft Robekt Lord PairfaXf of Cameron in Soot* 

land. , He was t>ie yoongeft /on of Thomas 
the fifth Lord Fairfax, whoib great undo 
was the men*oraHe General Sir Thomas 
Fairfax^ who c»riHii6ledthe parliament army, 
in the time of Oliver Cromwell, againft 
Charles the Firil, and who* with General 



of the homnn r;-ce. 

Far advanced in yc.ir«, Mr. Shnibhy maf- 
ter of the White Hart inn at Benfun up- 
ararda of 40 years. 

Ac Noi clump* ont in his 8;d year. The. 
WiUock, efq. a lientenant in the 4 (I regi- 



aaent of foot. Thb refpeAuhle veteran h.i4 Monk, affit^ed in re^oring bis Um, Charles 

been 64 y>:ari in tlie arn y, in the conrfe of the Second, to the throne. Hit fuber, Tho*' 

whkh he h'td ftn^ttt in nine engageinentf. mas, married Catharine, d lughcer and f ]m 

Fiir advaneed in years, Mrs. Anne Agiit- heirefs of 1 homas Lord Cot peper, of a 

lar, «>f North tmnron. v«r? antient -family in the county of Kent, 

- Mrs. Shirley, wife of Mr. S. furgeon, in by whom he became pofleflTcil, in right of 

ttie Lnwer-ftreet, Ifling^on. his lady, of tha manor and cadle of Laedi^ 

• 9* At Enfield, where he was employed in and other large* itoUdTions in that county* 
fiidng a houfe with the Soufturopton tiles, He died in 17 10, leaving three fons and fbur 
if r. Michel, bricklayer^ of Lomion. daughters. Thomaf, his eldeft fpn» then in 

• ic At^ber houfe in fiiuton-Areer, Mrs. his 1 yth year, fucceeded him. Having fome 
Chandler, widow of George C. efq. cbocerns in Amrricay he, many yepni ago» 

At l)or foo'sfe It at Tickencote, Mrs Wing* left his honfe and property at Leeds-caftle to 

fields rrlidi of Rev. John W. redtur of Mar- the care of his only forviving brother, Capt* 

kat Overton in Rittland. Robert Fairfax, and refuted in Virginia^ 

II. At his fe;itat Felbridge, Surrey, Jnmes where he died, unmarried, in March 17829 

Evelfny er<}. LL. D. m;iny yeais an active st the very advanced age tk 89. His fecond 

and npriglM magifirate fon was Henry Colepeper, who died at their 

At Pentonville, Ifiiogtonj Mr. Harris, of paternal feat, Dentoo-caftle, in Yorklbire, 



the Stamp-office. 

A^ Kentifh-town, James Dagge, ef<|. 
* Wm. I>onai<S efq. merch. in Glafgow. 

AtF.dkiik, Mr. John Johnfton> writer. 

ta. Ill Margaret- ftreet, Cavend ih-fqna. 
William V\ itlier; Marr,ekieft fon of Mr M. 
ef Lewiiham in Kent. Hi^ death was occa- 
fioned by falling fnim a wall, on the 7th in- 
ftan^t at Kingfion upon Thames, w here be 
was on a vifit. 

At Stamfon*, in her atd year, MifsTork- 
ingtonf djugliterof Mr.T.juri^iic/, 

r/, Ai Hciibam, ait his return ffMn 
Brigbtheboitooe, Gcenrgc Evans, edg, of Bsf 
hn, in tbcparUk ofStrcMttwD, Surrey, 



onmariied, in the year 1738. This York- 

fliire eftate was afcerwarii fold to .Mr. Il»> 

beifon^ whofe fon was afterwards Sir Henry 

Ibbetfon, hart — Robert, the youngeft fon^ 

was a major in tiw horfe-guards; and, during 

his refulence at Harri«*i(ham, was ele^ed to 

parltannent for Mnidttone, in 1:39, again 

for the fuine place in 1 747 ; and in 1754 aud 

1761 for the county of Kent In 1741 

he mirried, firit, M:irth:i, daughter of Aii« 

thony Collins, e(q. of Badilow, in Eflex, and 

niece to the laie Sir Francs CVvxU, V^rx. v»\\q 

died in 1744. By her he \v^t\ owe (s»\> v^Vv^ 

iliad iu his fifth ycar> 17^7. \a ii^^Vaa 



$jt WiMmy»f€9n/UtrabbPerjMs\mthBiBirapU^ fj^fv 

iDamc4i fceowily, Mifs Beft, daughttr of paniculaiiy wellinfomtBdin thelawsofliil 

iViD** Befty 0fq. of Chatham, who dic«l in country, and the principles oi' the Cooflinh 

V750, ttavinsnocluldren. His iifters were, tion, fur which no man bad a greaier re<; 

Vafgftret, who married David Wilkins, fpc^ He was an excellent padiameotarf 

t>. IX dean of Nt>rwicht ^^ prebendary of fp9aker, a powerful reafoner* fpoke cor* 

Canterbury ) Frances, who married Denny reAly, and argued losicolly. His voice wa| 

MartMiy efq. of LcK)re, near MaidAone^ d''(tin{t» and bis manner graceful. He was 

whole foo, the Rer. Denny Martin, was in- hift'ly efleemed by all wIk> had the honour 

^oAed to the curacy of Leeds, and the an- of his acquaintance; had been fur ievenl 

tMxed cbapdry of Bromfteld, Nov. 14, 1760, years a Aaunch and dauntlcfs patriot* but aft 

wbichy fincethe 3d of Elizabeth, h^sbeen length died in tlic religion of the courL 
inlbe gift of.tha Archbifkopof Canteibury. At his houfe on Eaft-hill, \Vandfworth« 

Tim faihrr of the l.tce Lord had a brother, Samuel Haoning^, efq. many years one of tha 

the Hoa- Brian Fairfax, who was conimif> common council of tlie city of London, ao4 

iWner of the cii(luirf| and died in 1750, one of the gweriiors of tlie Fouudling«b^ 

Isaving 3 large fmtune to his nephew, the pital .<nd the Lnndon-workhoufe. . 
iite L(-rJ. He hnd alfotwo other brothers. At Coningfby, en. Lmciln, aged 2 7» Mr^ 

Hetiry :ind Baru'iik, one of -uhom, we aie Wetheraii* w:fe tf Rev. J. L. W. of Triuity* 

told, had a fon 'n the chnich, to u-hom tite ha!J, Cambridge. 

title a»d cOi'.e dtfcends. Ih*" f.imily of 17. At h'*s houfe on Clay -hill, Enfield, jtift 

f rfi)fax is eflecmcd to be very antient in this after fpe.iking to h !» '.ibouiei?, aged 6Sf Mr« 

|Liiig.'^onn,even bcfo:'e t!ie Norman cor.q4U,Il. John Pu!lcn, fonnerly an eminent wheels 

And \\. 3p|iears they were podeired of lands wright in Looilon, and brother to the laf« 

in tiM: coiimy of York near 6co yeare ago. Mr. Samuel P, cow-keeix^r, at Iflington, 

.In \\iC time of Chaiies tiie Fud tliey were fa>m whom he inherited a confideiable for* 

Sra^>u« Pi e(by teri.ins ; and there are not tune. He mained, 1789, Mifs Filhwicky 

waniH'g tettrnuHii'.s to incFine us to th'>nk mi\j daughter of Mr. F. fadler, of Enfiel4.-^ 

tliat Geuera) Fairfax w. s conceined in the He was interred at Iflington on tltc 251!), ia 

4eath of that princr. The Ufl Lord was the evening. His ftfler died May ai (fo« 

fmd of retirement, and, in the fmall circle p. 4S5). 

•f his acquaimance, was much fvfpe^ied. In her 27th year, much lamented, Mrs« 

He had n gi-e;tt Ihare of natural fimplicity MilU, wife of Ktv. James M. of Aliiover, 

and unulTcdtcd benevidence. Wlieihcr, from co. Deihy. 

tb« leiirenieut in which ii^ hved, orfr:>m Mr. D;4lbv, alderm.m of Leicefler. 
what other caufe we km»w not, the Peerages At ClxU'ea, in her 73d year, Mrs. S(eb» 

BOW printed give a very wiong account of bingi reli<^t of Rev. Dr. S. of Gruy's-inn. 
Ihe latter i^itof the p^-digree of this Nohlo- At B]llingbear, Berk5, in his 76ih year^ 

wan; it may be ft en more at hrge in HaC- Riclurd Neville Neville, efq. fjtlier of tlie 

ted'ljHirtrryof Kent, 11.477, who h.TS (hewn member for Reading. ^ 

tauch :;ccuracy in h'S genealogies of families. 1 8. Dropi>ed down dead, in Silver-ftreet, 

f 6. At NutthaU-ttmple, near Nottingham, Edmonton, Mr. Rome, whitefnniih, fomicrif 

Hon. Mis. Scdlcy, d.iugluer uf the Ute con- mader of the Three Tuns public-lioufe theie, 

vivial and |H)puar Sir Charles S. and the and headleof the faid parifh. 
ticirr^ of tlie greater f>art of his eflates. Her Mr. Rob. Hohiies, of Lower^ftr. lilington^ 
hu(b;'.>K*, the Hon. Mr. Veinon, took the At Brompton, near Chatham, aged 55. 

pameofSedlcy, in compliroentto Sir Charles. Mrs. Feiinell, wife of John F. efq. one of 

At lis houl'c on Stei)hen*s- green, Dublin, tUe treafury pay-derks at Cliatham. 
FOinurd Butler Vifcount Mormgarret a.id 19. At her lod^jigs at Weymouth, where 

^lonof K«.l)s and brother to the Hon. Si- (lie h.id h«en hut a few weeks, removed 

picn K. at jMciini confmeJ in DuhLn New- from KriAol Hotwelis, in a ilecp decline, 

fHtf for ahbclon Il>e Iii(h Houfeof Lords, aged 34, Charlotte- Grace, wife of Henry 

IHc uaK iKiin July 27, 1745$ lucceedtd his Pierce, efq. of Bedide, co. Yoik, fiftcr tq 

t.ih«i in 1779; married, 176?, Lady Htm- Lord Monfon. the was burn \\\ 1759, and 

retlrj l^utlei , younf;clt daughter of the eighth married in 1777. 

tar! of C urrick, by wl oni he had four fons 20. In Friih-llreet, Soho, Jn. Chafe, efq. 
and one daugltiLr. Kt n luccredtd in title Mr. J >hn Rand.ill, coal- merchant, of St. 

and eit kites' b> \*-^ eldiH f(Hi, Edniund, born retci-';>-h 11, Th»mes-ftreet. 
I77r,lattly m;.riied to lie i!;ui'.;hter of tlie 22. At his Ami's houfe in Great George- 

ArchhiHiop ol Dublin. His Loriifbip was Areet, VV'ellminder, aged 88, Mr. Edward* 

©n'y tiiYec »-3vs ill. He f^t down to diniier Thi>in:»s Nealftin. 

in .apparently pcrrecl health ; and, after eat- After a few hours illnefs, Mrs. .Saunder5| 

ing Miawl>ernes, :uul drinking cider, he >vife of Mr. S. malltr of the White Hatl inn 

compLiirrd of fickncfs, which increased fo at £x;;ter. 

rap:dly ;is to b.iiiBe the (kill of the bcft phy* 23. Kx. his friend's Imufe .it Exeter, after a 

ficiii.s. He u as an excellent fcholar, a man Uw hours dlutfs, Mr. Bragg, aiiorney, of 

tjf i]iong inulltci, o\ a vjo!citdif|M>fuii)n» \VeUio^itH\ j a m.ia very much refpedUd 



rcin.u iiiihld fnr hot foriiiude and coui <4ge|aa4 aad luaiOUlei&* 



/ 



Vk 



OATMEAL, i>er Boll of r4alb». Avolnlupoii, aL et. 40. 
AVSRAGSrAlCS, brwbicb £xpamTATiev ud Bouhtt ire M U refidxtd. 
MOrM* L I. rf-DiSnai /■ •■ /.iDiflriAi ;. u / DiltnAt t. ,. i. 
t — (694 — • * 10 7 — » t» 4 10 — 1 II • 
« — » S J S — * "o I « — • '5 Jl '■ — . IS * 
% — * J "I • — * '♦ 4[ 9 — ■ 'i li l» — » T I 



THtATRICAl 
» t. ffalfm Hour ■fttrSupfwT— Tin Xmiaa 
Hcrm« — PopinKToBi. 
«. Tf* rJil--Diito— Ditlo. 
3. TrwUjRKorHeKtiam— Vm«c*Liwyer. 

- 4. A Q^nrur of m Hour 'OOmt Rinnei— . 

I M Lrnilon liermii-^S on-ill' Law. 

J. AH In OoM Homoar-^DiUo^CMhjriiN 

uHl Pttruchiou 

- A. Steiaf ■ >«l)MriiiK--IKil0— SoD'in-Liw 

S. Tb* Sivnodtrirf Obii— A Moftol Tat«. 

- 9- A ^acHr «f u Hour bofor* Dinner — 

Tha UtHlon Hmnic-Flitch o( Btcen. 
' lOtlktr inPMMn*— Ditto— Peepins Tum. 
1 1 . All in Good Honouf—Dino—l tw Sun- 
in ■£!(?. " £Dii{ie } 

I]. tUlf an Hour i(mt Supper — TlwLaotlbfi 
H«nnii~Tiio Citiicn. 

Virtaga LiWTcr. 



REGISTER. ■ 
it. FictT ill P.'ttent— The V>odMi Hincit— 

TtH Kliicli ai BaniA. 
17. n* fc.tlI«irfH«l.jni— AMofulTJ*^ 
lE. A Q>>ann- uf an Hmir bc'ei* t>in>i«— 

Trw Loiidun H-rniiL— l.)ini VckL - 
19. Dc.if LiiVd— Tritur l;.C— Perjimg >iaa, 
to. 1lwSu>rM>d>rttrCaLut— V4lUt,cC.'W\cr 
II. TI,cBitlle<irMnti;n<— TheSiiri ..1 Uw 
ij. tnkle and Ynr:ci~l>R|nKEtun. 
14. A Quaiter uf in Huui btrftirt Qmiicr — 
Til* Lnudiin Hermi-— Wlw'i 1 hr Di'-K > 
H- Tbo Auihor— Tic Jbr T»— Tl« Viiije , 

tS. Sumraer Amuftment— A Klnfut J-.<\t. 
»?. Tjw B»tt:« of lirxlvun-'l.iriOg Vakl. 
a9.ThaSuiTeii>ler"fCalji»— ViQageLiitjcr 
JO. An ill OhmI Hi'ciunir— Wayt tai Ucu* 

— Th* FliE<;<i < f Buon. 
]T. Tht London Hcrrwt— Hcffiint Tom. 



«l^ir-BfKl<MtTALlTy, fran Juljr 2 t^ July ij, i-m- 



«nMa/^*«rr^fW>aArr»j-MnpJd 417 \ t 



1 JO iiiXl*.*** ^^ -^ 
i 40 tti\%« *M It* % 






mi 






a. 
% 


r II 


1! 1 


i| 


tiE 




-\ 1 11 h-!li| li 


Ik 


*Ui 


1 { 


U III i II il 


1 


llpf 


t " 


-M5 «-asas. a ijst xs 


•tir 


i 






liii 


J a 


iis. ii-"2s. i 


3^233 ?-^- 




«?^ 








1 . 


H-- -«H«-- -»--»« ^-^«*« 


4i| 






"♦•" "*- = = | = i^^ 


* 




~ - 5 


« 


jsjr ^sr^si . 


- - - 


.»M. 


.?si 



m 






Tbe Gentleman's Magazine ; 



DMby, EuMr 
HmibM^HaU 

MtncktSer a 
NewciAl* ] 
NeirlMaipta* 
Konricka 
Noniaghua - 

ScontAMft 



For A U GUST, 1795 

CONTAINING 



M«ttorolog.Oi»ri«lorJul/and Auj,i7ij fi'^i 
Oxford Enaenii— Bp.of Drornore'n'crmunft^} 
,lmportaiuAJrice^fii>iiitl«CanipMBrishlon6B4 
[Mr, Wilmo«'» AJilrefs WIhe FreactiCleigy 685 
|0n the profem State of Chriftianity in India 6i6 
Remarki on BLeiiuJ's Glouteit. Ciilleaions 6^7 
lAnOrigiiialLeuernFtlieL-ilcBilhop Korne EBS 
iSome IiiRirmxion on tha Funtlj' nC Waring lb. 

iSt. Micd mV% Ch wsh, CoMTilry, lii ha repjire,) 6 91 
lOeneilosiad FallaEe in Matiheiv expl.iined 6^. 
:TlrAcAniMio,N'VII— Clirill£buicHBe:l56o4- 
iFirther Vioillcationof HarriopoQi»nTlie)ry*95 
iMincuiuiuEriiperecunlcil — Olcilnfi:ripiiun696 
jTbeSullBrioCJof LieuI.Geo. Spairinjia 1 769 697 
'Retrarki on Libels unV Rioli~li-iuKi(i.^nr I 700 
iDupUcateiof Kejifters, whuje to be fooaJ 70J 
SomoRemarltsooDr. PBre)r'»ATiii«otBallaiii7. 
: VTwo MimthiTour iii Stodind coiniiuial 71 
'DrPriem«r — BiWiwICtitique.— SuT.M1.1e7 
iCOpperSeilexpbintil.— M r>. Pk.''eawen , who! 71 
.AMor^Difqiuruion. — The Humane Societjf 709 



Familyof VauT.--Famo<KTombatI!owden7io 
WilUim Je Britniii — TI.e Tiirkifli Me-laUion 
Mifi»l!in»ou<Remarli!.— ASsJ.— Fndt.ie. 
AHcf.loifofMr.Ajo.li*.— StepneTCjHtriiiefii! 
WhowJSllnTra!;nj(mTfr,reir8t'sVei-VBrt?7i* 
Awonilorfiil liiciileiil — NoTieesiieH-Cimls 715 
T:ie I", iiaoiii io BltuNeimGaul -ni elue diteJ- [ 6 
Church Nolefit Heolfy, BBi.finjinn, i^. j,- 
MeieorolQji.al Tour from WaltOiiiu Lnndon7io 
Aec.umt of an Eleetion at All 3..ii!5 Collcgo -1 [ 
Elefturof Colnj^it's L«Wr to Din-.ojner -11 
Same fe.vcc Poilriits, wIits In b; founJ ih. 
Jrf'iindsilie HafnnfliirBHillor/ 71. 
-'■ '"-■n.e.uSzs 

;-"-■-■"„' ■■"■.■••'."".«-c» 747 

SE^fci I jeri.v,in!ienlaiiJimi.lern7iS— 75! 
N.i[.on3l Oinvcn:.jii in Fiiuice-For. Al&ifs 7 ;: 
Co"n;ry News, ami rVmiertic Occui-reiicej 76I 
MaiTi.njc?, Deaths, Pi-efermenti, ftc. 765— 774 
A»er,.go Pricei of Coni— Theatric- 1 Rcgiit. 77; 
Dailf VarwUun! ill the Priwioftlie Slock* 776 



E«ibellilhed with a PiSorefque View ef Kka" HBOnocnii hum the Binki i>r 

PieMvoDii » beautiful Memnrial of a praviJenti.il Efwpe ; 

Cortofities fa-an Eiitx, STxrckv, &c. &C. S-c. 



Jly S r L f^ J N U $ U R B A l^, G^^v. . 

PHnM hTjOBN NICHOLS. « c,«ro's He»d, K^.U^n P^ife^e, ¥««.ftr».-.' 
■rh^ri/ Uucrj 10 Che Editor =^ J^^j tp b, addrrita>\. ?o. t ,t K.f . ai<,V 



«8i 

0"r 



Sfifeiriligletl Didriii fir July and AiiguQ, 1793* 



WbJ, 


Barom. 


Therm 


Sine of Weather in Juir, 179J. 


W bnfk 


>9.S9 


6a 


clear ' 


W hriOt 


16 


S8 


white cloujs, rain in the niebl 


W ulm 


,3 


60 


clear and ple^faiic, mud) rain in ihe mstt 


SW calm 


88 


S3 


jlooniy, wifiJyandunpleatanlriin 


WSW brifk 




6t 


dark Ocy, fins wann dtj 




JO .13 


S4 


clear blue fky, charming line lUf 


SW calm 


; 


63 


clear, fine .bv, great log at niglit 


SW cilm 


19 >'jS 


61 


fofigy. fine warm dsy 


S-^e hrllk 


94 


*S 


blui: Iku. while and grey clrniJf, fine warmt 


NW moilerate 


S 


6S 


oteicaft, clears up, (ute ilay 


S ciltn 


tfl 


bluefky, white cloiKli, fine day 


£NE e»lm 




6g 


clejr, fine .lay - 


ENE m.«J«rat« 


301 9 


67 


cleafvery fin« daf 
clear fine warm day 
white clouds; fine dif, thunder al a diOaow 


SSE brifc 


4 


et 


ESB nuslerito 


19.97 




W modenla 


76 


*9 


ilark. Iky, Utile rain 


WSW br.lk 


C6 


64 


white and gre; cli>iid<i fine diif 


SWn^«kr>ie 


Ci 


61 


white clouds, fine day 


SWbriDt 


4? 


«o 


™.i, flpwers 


Sulm 


ta 


59 


rain, clears up 


W c-lm 


30. 5 


59 


Jear (kj, fine day 


S bnlk 


19,94 


ei 


rain, bir in middle ol day, nin in the ai|*il 


S TnoderxM 


83 


61 






»i 


65 


dark (k*, dafe and fnltry 


W calm 


99 


«S 


while clouds, fun, and clear 


W calm 




Sj 


white clouds, gloomy towards cveoiag 


W talnv 


94 


fi4 




E maJwats 


94 


«3 


clouded, heavy bUck clouds freqaenl 


W <^lm 


79 


61 


clear Iky, fine day 


BE EwtiB 


7 




white clouds, flight Ihawer^ 


W gmda 


7 


63 


white clouU(, fine d:iy. 



ti. Blackterry in Mown and forming fruit. — 13. Water l.ly ia bloom. — 14. The 
monwRr about 70 at j o'clock P. M. in Ibc (hade. — 18. U.itliered mellow goofebirri 
the firft lime. Fall of run this n>onth 1 inches. Evaporalinn, 3 inches E-ioih's. 

Ooofeberries fcarca in all Ihe countiy where I have travelled. — Crups of hay thli 
the grafi in good quility and well got in ; many innances of cuitint; one d ly, and ht 
thertext*. , J. Holt, JTu/kii, ««» Zjwrj 



W. CARY, Optician, No. iBi, near N-rfbl k -Street, Sin 
* For Ihe obCcrvations nude by oor Jourtialift (mm June \q t\lV Y.i» rwiia ia *• 
A>i^ 6til. jio ; aad m p, 610, read « fix quarten pet »*«.■< Usn . 



tihibiicd now in Fiance, i% mud m« p.[i«ial itiflueice in tlie hjb.ts ind m*nner» 

ntdc a (Itoag impieltton on all iMCknt; ^^f ^,,_ -^ ^j, dmiMid whrtlier Riligiori 

BotUrifaluurj' for ihe yourge: pjit of »e„tlien any ionB«i notelOrr i whchT > 

ibt tud CDce than conroJalory lo tbcir naijun cflnldmot Uu as well ur better wi.linut 

KBcriblc fcniort. il ; in Ibirt, wheiber it were not an ufelcC!) 

And herein (be Bi&op of Dromore if not a noxious, incunihr.nce. 
Kry properly look the lead, in tiii ini- " Divine Pruvidenc* luih allowed the ex.- 

iJitory fcrmoniiheLonclurioBof whitli iwrimentto be made. It Inth iierroitW a 

made foflrong an inipreliion on mvltif people, who b™fteJ their fuperior pulteirion 

r°H^--r'"o'r'"'"~""'"°' Su::'i.r.:it:'«':."ri,':^ 

hiiLoidqi.p t BOidi. Ib: what ili= m"it iHdithed people, in tho 

H-viog c.bl«!«d at l^rs* ho.v mucii ^^^^ ^^^j. ^^ ^^ .^^^^ immedixely be- 

tKeChiiliifn rel.gion l>ao iii.i.io.cd the to„„,, «,„„ KHigion is w.ih.haw(i, .inJ the 

fpiriiof U,yt and kindntfs among men, ti-iiihs of Ctiriltianitr citiv.. 

tic. the BHhop thJI pr"c«ded : 
" In a Chriftian connlry, wlieic the i^oc 

trine> c f the Gofpel are ti.i.ftanlW t.y-'z^a 

tliemoR imporant iniilis, rinJ the fiibiiri.ct 

moralF, ate (o (en*ralty liiii>wn, euen Ui tin 

loueft of Ihe peoide. tli-iUve are ftaixjl; 

fenfible of tUrir Virtue. Like (lie lir.tit a 

iay, and Hie gtamf narmili «f fpi inj, iliei 

benign influLnecis amrerlally UilfiileJ i ye 

k tLarcely ohfjnei', 'ir excite, aitenirin. Ti 

cAitDate Ihem m a.e miglii, we IheulJ ex- agmnft llea.Pii : tlicy rehj i!t;aiiiit Gal, and 

perieocewlislwemulKutterfiomlhcirloCs, ttirfl hi- S..11 ! Wli.it immediHiely do ll.ey ■ 

"TlrisispietiWyoiirpief'iil t.-(;. Tlial bcrome ? The m,ift wrciiiliid, itn mUt 

we may know and feel how much we o*e f.lcii, .f all nations! Tli-rii leirning ^."""1 

to the Clinftian religion, w= h.ive bifoi e ""r its priiftlfurs lUd : ihc (ciincci exup'smlhed : 

cm S (ceat nation, our ngarelt ^ul mult (lie finell produliliuiuui AA &<^&VQ"4. »<^ 

fomaHal atithbi-iiii, iHuMlly deprived ol (heir comforts vaniftttd : ««eii taunl!^BMA 

i^iaeAaaabltUeBiagi wbt, bave tspelisA cftiniablc (^lubiy ended bwa Oak ^ob^ixax 



.. 


Frr™ ilie hiiheft ii< 


ipiuvemi:n 


tsof po- 


liftie.1 lif..-. f.um the firil 




ifoaleof 




iiial retiiieioeiii. Hit] 




nlly ru.ik 


and 


dea.l-.led bi;l,.w <l,i 


: levtl of 


civilized 




ins We faw Ih^ni ' 


■ut as veil. 


■rday tx- 


celli 


]ig in aits and lcicnL»i cidtiVdl: 


insewrv 




icli uf leariuiij, abiur 


1.H0- Willi 


ihecom- 


foili 


!, the «l«B.inees, ll« 


' loxuri-'i, 


i-f life , 




It, BnuriftiHig, pow 


ai-\. \V 




then 


rpr..fperily,tlivy!i,t 


ilKii imp 


oui han<l» 



684 France itfcriUd by tbi Bp. £/'Dro»ore.«--Brightoii Camf. ( Aug^ 

And they are feift rcvcninK to the mift- hU firft dcgrreet of A.B. and A.M. at 

rics and crimes of lavage life; brutal man- Oxford, having been educated ac Chrift« 

ncrF,ivanroiicruaiy,ind>fcriminate carnage, church College, whereof be had been 

••Mayihcirr.Jexnmplcbeawarnini to ^jj^^ j, ij^^e called an independent 

cmrfelvcs, and teach us to revere and obey „^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^ ^^j^^^ ^„ ^^ 

ih<» e mftitutes, w.uch Heav^i m its mercy £^„„aation. but a commoner), and who 

lent for the cuid^ince of man : to add the re- . , , ' > , . • ' . r 

il.ai..rs of ccHifeicncc to ihe public fanOions ^\, ^^^^'^^'^^^ ^»^" h»» <*««'« ^ 

of hum ... Uus ; to pevent even their ope- P'^ ^\ Cambridge, Wat noxv admitted 

ration, by iraining the mind to liabits of v.r- "«<*« «« fundem gradum i and this ac 

tueandgooilmfi, byieachin? itto rtfiilall cording to the ufual order of prtce* 

temptations htfd, and to fix iis&ul hoi)cs dcnce, in the firll place, before the .ho* 

GO Heaven 1 norary degree of DOCTOR or LAW^t 

'< Thefe fentiments, ihHe reflexions, can- was conferred on the nob'emen and 

not furely be deemed foreij^n to Uie fuhject gentlemen enumerated in vour fomkcr 

on which we a'c this d.y afTemblcd. To account in p. 661. 

confjdcr the dreadful etfcas of darinj^ impi* By inferting the abofc, foo f#iU d» 

ety, of i.vowed Atheifm, canttoi be improj^- j,|™ Yours, &c. OxoNIENSil. 

when we meet to pei'form one «if ih« nn^ft _^ 

fuW.me a^ls of Chriftian ctaimy I to fupiwt „, urBAN, Brisblo,C»m»,/lMg.tu 

an mftitution which nous from the eeituiue «--r/>ri n 1 ^ 1 or u 

fpirit of the Gofpel : in which we man.feft V ^" "^'^ plcaie to take off the cue 

our obedience to the great injuoaion in tlie . •*• *^"°;i ^^^^ made before the follow, 

text, pf /.vlnfT one mnotber. For, where |ng expreffion in ray l.ft— " the fweat- 

.Chiiftianity is extirpated, we fes fa:a!ly dif- »ng heroes of a bloodlefs plain"'-thc 

played the want of jhat love; wefeefpiing thought was new; and, if you cooM 

up in its place :dl thofe baleful qualities, all h^ve leen the caui'e which gave fV^ to 

thofe \uorks of the fefi'y enumerated by the it, I chink you would have allowed tho 

Apoftle,— /6fi/rr^, vnrianecf emulutioniy nura/hf application was a ftrong one z the that* 

fnfe, ffJitiom, b refies^ cmrft'ngi, murJtrs f mometcr was that day at 92. 

•• Xhcfc aie t'lr bluer fru»ts> of that wfdom We will now proceed to inform yon, 

(may wo no: ell it thai philofoi hy ?), the uncertain weather, after our friendly 

which, toufethc bnguaccof St JatTies, is thundcr-Oorm, gave us (as Water- 

j«,/M,MW,./.r77i/^/ whicNfa^ j„^^„i^^ ^^jj.^^^*j ^ defirable refpite , 

ioo\,tb(tc li no Gtii\ and which lends to fwi- . i- u t / r a ^u - J— 

fufion, and evayc^M 'work. ^""^'"S ^^"^^ ^ traverfed the cncamp- 

" Whereas the fruit of ibe Sphit (may I "•^"»' »"** perceived the nenthbounng 

be permiuej to fay the divu.e fpirit' of country prefcnied many beautiful views 

i:hr\(i\.^n^iy})\'>'A\goodwJ^,riobtfryafnffi,and 1 had Dtiihtr time nor inclination to 

t'utb. That true ivifdom, ivbkb isjrcm .zix/i-f, admire in iht excciri ve heat of our DOG- 

i\ fir/: fwet thfn peaceable, gerttU, and lufy to DAYS. Although the rain wa* fie- 

he inlreated, full tf mercy atid good ftuiu, qucnt and heavy. It took foine time be* 

(J.imeb iii. 1 5 — 17.^*' fore the thiifly tuif fecmed aflFe61ed by 

Of thefe go;td fruits the Bifliop ob- « I but, when it had reached a layer of 

fervcd, that to heal the lick, and 10 re- clay, more than a foot beneath the fur- 

lieve ilie niiferable, were ajnong the f^-e, the water ooxcd upward, and 

molt diflinguiJhcd J and thence took oc- niadc the ground as foft i»s a fpunge | 

cafion to recommend more paiticularly and. btfidcs this wet-fooled inconveni- 

ihe objeft of their prefent meeting, a;i«. ence, many fnipts were fecn. Thefe 

the R^dcllffc infirmary j concluding aquatic <ymptoms, added to the name 

with the following very apt and forcible of H^ater-dtnun, give us the profpe^, tt 

injunction of St. Paul to Timothy wc arc to comludc our cnnvas expedi- 

(i Tun. vi. 17 19) ; tion upon ih.s iwamp, that we may be 

" Ciiarg« them thai ai e nch in this world, '^generated into an mrmy of fry . It 

tl:.it tlicv be not high-minded, nor truft in Dot it laid that flucp change iheir na- 

a.ctitain nrhes, bu.inthehviugGod, who ture when they change climate and 

gnem ui richly ad things lo enjoy; ih. t food? Very picbably ihis may be an 

they do good, that they be rich in good expciimenc to find if man may not too j 

work , le.iOy to il.itribti'e, wiUin; to o)m- and if water, and croaking, and r/>rr* 

m'l-.ciie; lay.n.: u|» m rtorc for them felves ttras^ can make us approach the ^re* 

a s<'od ioui...ati«m ajja nil the time to come, n^uUlt race, what r£.albn is there to 

that they in..y lay hold on eternal life" ^loubt but the trial may have the effca ? 

This fciinon was preached on Tuef* SwiFT hat fomewhere an allufion of 

(*ry, July 2 . ind on Wednefday, Julv'3^ there be^ng many human frogt in Hoi* 

the Bifbop vi DiomorCf who had taken Uiid| vvh\cW,ciA o^\^ ^ Q«ci.^oaad 



^ 



SI tucir nignca pout oi nonaur — out at 
U rbe lailici, although ihcy may loitgi 
• Ittil* ibemfeliei, the; mdboi like to 
itt uo much of it upon the face oF man, 
cfpccully when it feivet ai ■ back. 

S round to the fuccetdiag ediiioDi of 
Jo fcaitercd all a<(t ir. 
Aa I never hadtfac boaour to aTiiic 
■t more fupetiur rank thao one of ttlofe 
fabaltcm machiDci thai ii all obcditncc, 
I unnot praieod to dive iaio many of 
the aanCBUTrii -, and I 1iii*c ofcen mjde 
caquiriei to karn wheiber the pait we 
were going Ihrougli wai that of Friend 
Of Eoemjr ; but, ai I utn dtterniiued al- 
tnji to be the Eaglilliman, X wa* not 
fetry to find 1 could not receive ceruio 
infofmsiioai To, at tbe conclurioa of 



fcad been the Eng|iJh of courl't. ThiHigh 
dooid of ihofe quiitificaLiuni wliicll are 
gifted to BeaTCii-boiD GcaerJi, I dare 
"ycatitT* to think \ uo tell from whofc 
example the tiaorifhuoi of Augull 7, 
were taken I neither from ibe grtu 7»- 
ftaa*, aor jrct from BirviUt, nor from 
CtM^i, Bor OUT own Maribirntgb. No, 
Sir) it »*• ffoin none of thole rtftlEU 
bcingt, wbo chMigbt aCiivity the Ibul 
•fjn amy, bat ftmn that o&cn-^wMd 
f Mack iiiuuibf whc^ 



VOTA D.l>. JOAHNIS WILMOT, &«. 



n lailiboi regit;, apml Venlatn Belganim, 



aul ubicunqiie alio per Brilwnuiii ililperfar 

uuetbiUiniu I'erurn exiiu, 

ob religiuncm Ac hilem iojtiter Tiuiliratanij 

cxuli atquB oppreflb, 

Uivinlopel 

aut in patiiun reditum aufpicaiiJIliTinma 

aht fMil«iue reftiiutui 

WU domicilium periMCuuni atqus itteoluiB^ 

liiiuaaici pieiare panuulum^ 

ex aoimu loo 

Beiim optimum nuidinam 

com dvibus fuis bumilliinecorapraclBlr 

A.C.N. H.ncCiXciti. ' 

J'Angluene, « g^Jt au fi" di <K3m 
Frim Ja Ck,gf J. Fniiice, r^«> w Cka. 
Uau Rtyal di WKtcLeller. fii lui ra^^» 
adilffi I' Infiriflien im^nmSi u ettt. 

Vaoi ravanla^e et la boahaiir de ranifen' 

Chroiien. 

Aa Clergf Fran^oit 

riuni Jont le chitcia royal ile \VinclMAer 

par U bienCaifance dc U Mi^alte BrKaoiwlu* 

MipartoM ailleun difperili enQ rjoda Bietaiac 

apiet wx WMwtotnw* 'te^wii^ 

' ^xidlk 



qu'US devront a la ge.t^ruljc^ Angloif« 
Tels font les vtxux arJcns 
^ue nous adrelTtms a un Dieu puilTant et bon^ 
profterne:»humblennenc roes concitoy ens et moi 

J. W. 
A. D. N. M.Dcc.xcixr. 



686 Off thepreftni State 9/ Chriftianify in Iiidiau [Aug. 

^uandleconrageailcfeiidrelafoleiUreligion Committee! and, in both thofe ftagcf of 
ffitoit piini par roppreffitmet Texil. the bill, I remember well that the W- 

i^,..«^ L 'k* ^"*''***.*"''! . ^'OP ^^ London erpreffcd, in Tcry 

knraccordennretonrheweuxdanslearpatne nnim*^ .*r«>. k;« fMrlr..* J^a «.o»<>^rn 
kretabUtfementdelcursautelseu^eleursfoyer, f,*"'?'*^ '*''??;, ^'l ^""^P^'" "<f c°»^" 
oillaperpetuited'unazrtefalutai.c '*^^'' ^-^ « ^»" ^^ ^"^?, rni.gn.tud. and 

. nu'iU devront a la gc.^Srofii^ Angloif!; ! ^'npoitaiice, not one fylUb^ ^v.s U^d on 

the article of Religion. He urged the 
necefltty of incrtafing the number of 
Englifli clergymen in India, efpccially 
in fome of the fubordinate fettleirentt 
(viiicrc the Britilh inhabitants were 
entirtlf deftitute of divine worfliip) ; of 
appointing chjplains to ail the £aft>f odit 
fhips, which the Company, though 
bound to it by thtir charter, had for 
many years negle£)ed ; and of making 
fome provifion for the inftru6tton ot 
fuch of the naiit^es of Uindoftao as wi(h- 
ed to be inftruflcd in the principles and 
precepts of the Chriftiao religion. He 
reprobattd the do6lrme that had been 
maintained in the debates at the India- 
houfe, that all religions weie alike, and 
that It was no concern of ours, nor of 
any importance to the Hindoos, whc* 
ther ihcy wcic Jews, Mahometans, Pa- 
gans, or Chrifti ins. He contended, on 
the contrary, thr^t th^re was as much 
difference between ChriAianity and 
every other religion in the world as be- 
tween light and daiknets, between ttuth 
and falfehood \ that we were taught in 
Scripture, that tbert tvas no otbtr name 



Mr. Urban, Aug. 7. 

IN your Magazine, p. 616, is a letter 
iigned Phacdo, fome parts of which £ 
have read with much fatisfaflion. I 
entirely agree with that ingenious wri; 
ter> that the moral and intelle£lual Ratt 
of the natives of Uind'oAan is truly dc- 
]plorable ; that it calls loudly for amend- 
ment I that it is incumbent on the Dri- 
ti(h Government and the Indiii Corn- 
pany to endeavour to meliorate it by the 
introduftion of the do&rines and the 
precepts of the Gofpcl among them ; 
and that the world in general would be 
much the better, if there was more 
Chriftianity in it, both in Europe and 
in India. 

So far I heartily concur with your 
correfpondent Phxdo. . But I do by so 
means alfent to the ftatcmcnt he has 
made of the fpeech of a celebrated Pre- 



late on that occafion, which i believe gtvtn under Htavin by ^ubicb wum C9Mtd 



to *be a very erroneous one ; owing, 
piobably, to the mi fin formation of 
iiews-pa).er wiiteis. If Phatdo's Utter 
ihould lall in the way of titc Learned 
Prelate, I have no doubt but he uill 
vindicate hiinfclf, with h s ufual fj iiit 
and ability, from fo unfair a reprcfcnta 
tion of hii fentimcnts and expreiiions. 
His defence cannot be in better hands 
than his own i and there 1 leave it. U^t 
there is another miflake into which this 
writer has fallen ; and, as itconve)s a 
very fevere and unmerited cenfute on a 

■ whole body of men, for whom 1 enter- 
tain a very hi^h refpvdt, 1 think it an 
a£i of common juflice to do away this 
ill-founded afperiiou, which I am for- 
tunately enabled to do very effe£tua!ly. 
'7he paiTrige 1 allude to is this : *' that 
a prcvifion for Chritti.inity in India was 
>»mitied by the Commons and the Lords 
temporal was not fo much to be won- 
dered at f but that it was not infilled on 
by the Bilhops railes in fome minds 
Of try unea/y fu/picio/is ." Now, Mr. Ur- 
ban, 1 happened to hear the debate on 
she Jndii Bill in tht Hoofe of Lords 

both Mf the fccond rc:^din^ and in the 



befaViJ bat that of Cbrifi onjyi that, be< 
fides this, wherever Chriftianity waa 
planted, and confcientioufly ptadifed, 
it never failed to pioducc happinefs and 
virtue, whereas heathemfm was the 
conftjnt p<irent of vice and miftry { and 
that, for ihefe leafons, it was the indif^ 
ptijfable duty of every Chriftiin Go- 
vernment todiffufc the light of the Gof- 
pei (not by force and viulence, but by 
inDru^lion, argument, and perfualion) 
throughout ail their foreign dominions, 
colonics, and fctdcments. He affirmed, 
that there was not a country upon earth 
that Hood more in need ot being en- 
lightened by the do£trines, and purified 
by the precepts, of the Clinliian Reve- 
lation, than the natives of Uindoitao. 
They were funk, he faid, in the groll'cft 
ignorance, brutality, fenluaiuy, fupcr- 
ftition, and wreichcdnef:>; and, there- 
fore, to withhold from tbem the advan- 
tages and the bleliings of the Golpel, 
when it was in our power to give tt 
them, would be an aft of the grcatcft 
inhumanity as well as impolicy and ir- 
religion. How it ihould t>e introduced 
among tVicm Ue qo\A4 tiox ^\^«ii^ ^x. 



liberally conduittd, I read with no ii" niieht not have been Ignocani had 

fmall difgua fanfc rcmarki of the Cri- ^^c reid Mr. Bigland'i PrEFace. thaiiwo 

tical Retietven on the << Hilloiicil, HiSoiiei of the Counlf of GiouccMer 

MoDuncDUl, and Genealogical Col- had been previoufly publilhed, and thai' 

Itfiiont rclaiire (□ ihe CouDly of Glou- '^^ inientioa of Mr. Bigland'i work wai 

etiler, by Ralph Bigland, Efq. Gartei- «=> Aipply deficienciti in the detail of 

Kingof Armi." By unfairly adducing propeity ; and, if Sir John Sinciaii's 

i>llly_ what heflyles trifling catrifljai a wo.d be allo.vable, to oiFtr a tno.e /«- 

fpecimcD of the whole work, by endea- lifiicai account of individualt and popu- 

TOuiing lo extoit a liuRh, by a flimfy l-"""" ; ooi ii it vain (o aflen tint no 

atunpt to be witiy, and the anaihejia County. Ijillary more fully aorwerK ihit 

ibu he denouncek upon the editor, if Oelign. Hii objeaioDi therefoie lofe 

he coatinuei to pubtifh what it deemed much of their force, »t the work it con- 

i^fttfi, thii hfpcr-critic provet that hii lidettd BTipxal or fupfltmint»l\ and, . 

Ipleen ii moie predominant ihin bit ai you. Mr. Urtna.wiU, 1 am corfidcnt, 

good renfe. conliibuie (o encourage the fludy of 

The late MvBigUnd will he defer- topography and whatever illult.atci it, 

*cdly rcraeinbered, in the College of I beg the iufcriton of thefe free lenii- 

Anni, for bii fuperior ftill in genea- mem*. Glevensis. 

logy, and wa> well aware how fervice- 

*U«a Colleaion would be to future Mr. Urban, tftfland, Aug. it. 

compllAi of pedigree), although (o ex. A GENTLEMAN with whom the 

usliveand minuie. la a couniry where />- laie Dr. Harni, Bilhop of Nor^ 

pfOpcny flgQualet To f.equcnilv at in wich, kept up a literary coitefpondence 

EagUnd, tht '■ Dion and (Impfe snuaJi for many jesti, hii ptJttycA * ^M-f 

^ tht poor" may urcomt the rtcordt of 'arge and valuable coUt&vao o^ V\i\»v» 

UierKb. So m-jiiiitcii tad ae^ltSMd Uu. The loUowinj, vttvtVi'W^ww- 



688 Original Lfttit cfBiJh^ Home.— 7^ Waring Famify. f Aagw 

ten oear thirtf yein ago, wtt the firft EraOnai has joftice as a fcholar, but is pro- 
we laid o)»r hands upon by accidtnt .* nooncad an Arian, a fcoflbr, a bU^rfieciier. 
but, being (6 remarkable in itfelf, iod The hft feaioa, aod it is the lnii|reft m ttia 
fo fuitahle to the prefent times (for it is hook, contains the proceedinpt add «lecraet 
aauallv prophetical of the prefent ftate ^.^ ^^ Council of Trent, where for ibciM 
of France), we feUd it as a fpecimen of ^7** ^^l?,?'*^****^ " **«^- '^^^ councU, 
the flyle and manner of his private cor. f^' 7'"'P» J^*^^ ^ to imd^and, waa 
refpondtoce, and of the great fubj>as t;rrLto J^K^f. "^^ 
.h^h were aUays upplrmo^ -\i. 'S:f^^XT<^ZX^.'^^^. 

T'm- iS^r^n'"^*'^P*"'n"^Tir P«"«. wiihouuidv:mdng any thing C SSt 
luable Mifcellany, you wiil probdbly had been in the Church /4 /A. i«/»,,^ 

gratify many of your friends, and oblige it was, in his opinion, a council which bo^! 
your conaant reader, W. J. the rieareft ff04t reftmhicme to that which 
«* My dear Friend, ' "*^ f Jcnifalcm. I obfervt. he denies tht 

*' Coll. Mag. June 6, 1 764. ?."PJ • dcpofuig power, and pleads, as Polt 

« Have yon heard yet from the Abbe No- .^^^.'"'^ ^ **• «8"'"^ ^ fangninary me. 

Ut? A friend faw. the other day, a letter V«ds of projxjgacmg the Catholic religioii. 

from Sir James Macdonald, now at Paris /**f.'*<^»*^'V*i»»Jt,muft mike a great noifi 

with Lord Hertford, in which Sir James in- '" J^** ^°'*'^' ^P^ «» ar^his time of day, % 

ibmed his correfpondent, that the French PS? J 5^'^^^"![^»"»f / performance to be pub. 

philofophcrs liked Mr. Hume (fccretary to ' ,f ? J'^ ^"5'and with the autlioi \ name, 
the British amhaflPidor) in the main very . 'j'fvejuft fimlhcd my comment on th». 

weUi but difapproved of certain rtligiouM 92d Prsimj I am gettmR fome of ihework 

prejudices not yet Oiaken off. wliichhini^cred «^«"'Cnbcd, to carry witli me intuKcMt,by 

him from afpiring to ijerfcdlioo. This at ^^lu l"^^^'^^' ^« "^"^ have much talk 

firft feems an irony, and a pretty ilrong one. ^° '^^ ^?^!?uf ^?^'. "^l^'^^. I hope to find 

But Sir James explains himfclf by adding, J?"* f^ ^^^^ *'"!'^ "' ^"^ '*'*^« ^ ''^ 

that the great men in France were, moft of fnu- , ^' ""^ the day come when w« 

•urn* 

_ , J , intbi 

poor'Hume," fays Sir James, " who on your ^'°«^^^ "^ ^"^ • ^or wliofe bleffing on ya* 
fide of the water w.is thought to have too ^"^ ^ ^'""' ^^ *«<* <^v«r, moft fervently 
little religion, is here thought to have too P">'®"^ G. H." 
much." Is not this a very am^zini; anecdott } P' -*>• To this letter give me leave to fubjoin 
Ytr, upon enquiry, I am apt to fear ih^^re is ^ho following anecdote: — Two French no- 
too much tnrth in the reprefentatton. D'yi- blcnwai were dining lately wiih a worthy ba- 
lm^/, tlicy tell me, is foch a c!i.^.r;;aer. ron«t in this country ; when one of them 
The Czarina lent for him to educate her chiU ^ook the liberty of converfing loofely on 
Jren ; but l»e would not go : he is a great f»- ^^^^ fuHje6ls of religion ; the other reproved 
voorite with the Pruflian hero. Waupertuis *"d (aiil, «* Pray, Sir, forbear ; this is Uit 
was of the fame fort. In (hort, fo far as 1 ^^^ ^^ convcrfation which has been our 
can find, InfiJtlity and Republicanifm hiive niin." W. J. 
croffed the ftrai's of Dover, and are more m 

June 25, 




query, p.39i,Richird 

latner from Paris, that a notion prevailed, of ^ Waring, who married a daujpbrer 

the Government ere Irng intcndkig to feize (not a filler) of Dr. Wall, had t7 chit- 

the religious houfes, aud fend them«,nks af- dren (befidts his wife bavio£ once mif. 

^p !.-^"'^'' And now we talk of Jefuits, carried) , nan.ely. S.mpfon, Caii.arinc. 

m Engiift>man of that order, Thomas Phil- Richard William Ann R^ -..^T ^rl 

lips, has juft puiliflied a qiurto volume, be- m^ Sarah El^ai^^l' r r?^^"^ 

ing the firft pait of the Life of Cardinal ?"^u' J^"!,^' ; x*"*^'^' ^^""'^ ^•*'" 

Pole, printed here by Jackfon. Hcisawri- Iv U d u **^*°/*I'' T"'**)' ^•**3'» 

ter of great learning and elegant taftc. The ^^^^^^^* Kebccca, Joho^ Jane, and Do* 

charaaer of his hero is a very amiable one ; !|J, / ' *" ^^ ^""^ ^^^ deceafed except 

and he has introduced us to moft of the cele- ^**^«r (now rcfidiBj^ at Barnet), Jane 

brated Italian wiuoC that age, with wlwm ("°^ "^ M4idflone, widow of the late 

Pole was intinnate, as Sadolt^t, Bembo, Lon- ^*^« M*" Waieihoule, of that plate), 

golius, Contaiinj^ &c. Sir Thomas More *°d Doroihv (al(o of Bamet, whore* 

tod BifhopFifhcr appear witli great lu re. mains unmarried). My having mariied 

K. Hcnr^ VIII, Vicar-general Cromwell, a grciit grand-daughier of the 6 id Ri» 

pow Nanny Boleyn, Luther, Calvin, and chard VVaiing fcoables me to «ive to« 

«r^«fo/in«T,citf rwyfony figures mUctd. thl% Vftiwm«:wju* C ^ 



-^a. 



'7930 Ttp^rqphieal Defcrlptim tf/'Knarefborougli. 



689 



Mr. UkbaNi Amgm tw bells, a good orgnn, created a few 

KNARESBOftOUGHiifeaccdcigh- years ago, and thi.e are in the Churdi 

Cccn milci Wtft of the ,ctf uf many icmatk^ble and old monuincDts^ 

York, and nearly in chc center of this pai(icu!arly the RoundtiU, ifarmers^ 

piiiof Eni^laady hccwccii the Baftem Rbodes*s, Slingjb/s^ &:c. 

fc4 or German Ocean ind the Weftern The foreft uf Kn^refborough is so 

orlriOi l>at its fiiuation is rocky and mitts in length from £. to W. 8 miles 

bjoh, and baa commanding profpe£ls wide. This io>al chace was form erif 

ofthccovntry round. It is a neat and oicupicd by gangs of villains, or free- 

I picaiant lowD, with many good inns, hooters, who lived on plunder. This 

\\ hai a frnod market on Wednefdaysi town and adjacent country is well deicri- 

isd has been lone; a royal franchife, go- bcd,and with fo much accuracy and fpirir, 

Tcncd by the Aew:)id of the honour by Daniel Defoe, u ho wrote his account 

and a free' jury. There is a flourtfhing no lefs thii n 70 years ago, that I (hnll beg 

manafadory nf linicn now carried on in leave to fiiSjjin it. I think it is fome- 

rhittuwn and neigh oourhond, which is where fiid, hy the wits nf the 8r,e, thac 

of coofiderable antiquary. Clofc to the Defoe wrote his Tour through £ngland 

Weftward of itpaffcs, io a rocky chan- while in the Fleet-prifon. Now it docs 

r.cl, the clc^r and tranfparcnt Nydd. n»t, I think, appear* by the Life we 

L<kc other fine rivers, ti abounds with h^ve of hun lately publidicd, that he 

irta(\ftfii, paiticularly tioui, which dc* was ever in prifon at all} and yet ic 

l^ht fifinc'p-iHv in rbc Vitic of Scotton, may he the mivfoitune cf many a \%cr- 

ao'l iti enemy the devourini; ^ike, thy m^n to be in duriince: bur, in my 

•* Ferocious tyrant of t!icwn'cr>flain," opinion, no mar can fee D: foe's wri- 

»hi v\i[h his woMcU vi^iUr.;c takes x\t\^^^% with .'Jt believing that his -alcnis 

lu fiacd bcluw at Riblloiic, whtr. pike j^^^c prov.AciJ liic Inccrs ol Lis cc,u- 

h.^e bein taken of lopcunds wc./Ut. tcinpcim ■( • . Yojrs, &c. P. 

Kn >rcfbor»ugh CaUle is fpol.cn cf as u Kn:ucn>)ro..r!i, lui.nvnsimong f -ci.-n- 

Ux b^ck as the Norman Cooqutit, and, ^^^ y,^ .,^^ ,,„„,. ;,, jl,y Yoiul.irc Sp.w, is 

from the coins of Claudiiis and CoiJiUii-^ .^ „^.ir,.a-'.fv.-. 11 ; it Jt:?:;.i up.'n \Wi R.ver 

tine found in its vicinity, is thouj»nt to be >;y,i^ .^^i^^\ \ .i.i;. t\-. omcnihcrs lo piiinr.i.Mi. 

ip.'aceof rnoreconluleiatileant'qiMiy. It <» JnanJ ;il;o-.ii t'^Ktovvn, jm' i* i^.'.iropaf", 

ii forihtd by nature, and much liitiijitli- a fm.iU vill. j two nwic ,! :t.ui , .*-c no Iffs 

«ned by art. The iall defence which tiim fur t'. Jf/r.-i.: \\..'r ,; i^.i> cf the 

it made was in the civil wars, agaitift ip.in-;;i;tf i'..- i - -ii wluabic ivj-it;cb of thu 

Lord Fairfax, wao hclic^ed it; ai;d, k. .•! *:i in I...-.;. 

arier thciown l.ad (uirci.dtitd r,. hi« « 'P.-. fiir. .^ • c r.v.n S-mv, or ;i v.im^o- 

ai.ny, fuch wa. the ltrtr-;th of tins Ijc vs^.l.:^. It u . .'ucovvr- . by. or..- Nir. 

f..rricrs, that It helu -ur a dole licge of f»'"R^;^v, ..n..o .630; n: .i ,hwina.)S ac- 

jHdays. Fr»^^>' '-t^M-^'-d it w.. no ^^^^^ ^,^ .-^.^.,.. , ,..^^,^ ,^_ ,.,,,„...;,. .,.ru- 

K-iiger^a.-rifooed. 1 has |..rihcla.Ucn- ^.^^^^.,^. j,, , ,... ..^ .., ... :s..,.„.m H;i\.-ry »f 



(t'rv and a l^atf i:s it towers ^nd riion;r 
w^ils ha\c b en nioulder.ng^wjv. In 
clic view or the town be<crc us ^, to tl.c 
lett of the Cliurch, wc ■ ave r:c prin.i- 
^al part of ttii^ ruin called the tK.i!;.\ 
Tower; fr jm luving been f.:id to uc 
ttic place in which Ruhaid II. vms im- 
pntonedy ofter he w<i» depolld. Tlie 
Church wa> aniicntly a rcttjty, but in 
1130 It \'^\s united to the prebend (^r 
Biickh'li in Yo.k-ininflcrj fi.c Ch .ii- 



L.uiCciiii:"-.. 1 :.o oi'a-. I- :!i- l*i-.k»-i b.- vv, 
or, Acc-ifirr-: roil'o l.-ri:. J, ll.-.u'JI. i ;."» 
Vv.i'v'r :■ «.i ..i:' :.i ci»lt;.i. hu' U'. \ '...! ,;-.!l 
n ak- u !■. ■-! : tni-.il, i.;.»l m.»:y arc i-u ./.-d 
U, 1..:: •■'.'.■■ '?'•.* u!\:ii i!icv di ink it; ycc 
iL IS rt v. ".111..' >*'.T' . t-LiM ; III i^ii I) ilic. liyp Ci.i- 
i!: : 'c, . 'k', r*i^"«:iai)' >o ''^Jroi^iC, dii.Cinp'.-iS. 
" Tl'.t: ,)ei[.!: .■.mvl', foi m.iuy yc.is, 
only il: ' .k r -10 wt-r-, l^ut i.:.:y i-ovV 
iii.itLu;,. ol I'.'rm j-.s a cold b'tli ; an-.' m 
th»inii.iKM t! ?y mxO mclltriiy ';e ^c•y 



c-ilv»r, L' nl L lu/iiiyorouuh, is it* p^- ^ ' , , .. » x.l/.^^/ 

tiun, and its j-reimt valoc 1^ 300 .onii.is ,. ^.. ^^ ,,,^, -^ ^^^.^. l.erot^iorc well fi<- 



a-year. The ft».e|'!c is of ajincnt 
date, and (upp-HTeJ oii four vrry be.;ii- 
tifu" arche> ; it W-s m-.Tu tl i ■ a ^ 8 

* I r»c pniiexcU cir'.:'iv.i:g //>/..'* i ) is 

the tirll aiiLii p' ot ;i gcitil< ni.iii, mvS is 

takintionia Vai^c p immg in ou, ni-rcly 

w h it 11.^ Ji t' ':> ctu Lid HI, ur iKVL\,in;J, 24 

lurtiCi. by j6, 

UtsT. Mag. Ju^vfi, >79S' 



qii;;ntc !, i-. ti'."'- !i '.'lit i h. e b ct. ■ 
2col. p- ■ .^1 !' ni r.'": h».- htrw gi i; f 
Co «.! b- i;, ^ij.l, *: p".: :v, ;■ tif - *lt 
co'.np I :". c ' Ti «. Lv. IC '^a li. .i. h lire 
bit now ^« '. i'O'Mv -h h s lie voriiJ* 
<• '.'» c W ;ol U NVM a vci* :tc ^^^. 
fl: t«' ■■• •«.«^^ I '•'* .Viv\ > Vv»N\t . 
ii;e iiouj 'wi -li^i'jt InnU *vtVv^»- '" - 



i 

.1 

,f 






6qO Si, MicllaePs Cbunb^ Coventry, inUnied to he repatrei. [ Aag 

eii<1 of the bri<'Re wc Q*\v a cell which had rezarded,*- till its very d'inj;erou« ft^te 
b.«n ilug out of a fuliU mckr anJ is cMleU bcMrne fo olPrious, ih^t a meeti'ie ••*! 
Sr, Ri)b€ii*s ClwpcL The river »« fhallow, ^v^Wtd to confider on the nerelT.i v ftcp» 



• 1 




calleJ here-, the Droppinj-wcll. This fprinj:, *,r.« « L*iir- 

a^ ve wire informe.', rifrs abont two miles Avlesfoid, Ac. &c. ; who, fuIlT fenii.. 

dinar.i, and runs mnft part of the way um- We of the imponvce of prcfcrTJiig the 

drr (jrooud to this pla;c. Ths water falls matchltU tower an'* fpire, and lepa-r- 

frrtn a nxk uhich is about 16 or 17 feet inp it in the mnfl cifcdual m^nner^ ap« 

hiRhi as it b.*nJs in a circular p:(iifrti:)n pr>inted Mr. W'yait (under whofe di- 

fiOni the bottom to the top in fuch a ni.miier rt^^ion the cathtrd.als of L'chdeld aoil 

a- that 1:1 brow hnn-'S over about 40!- 5 fcret, S.ililbary have been latelv reiMired) to 

ilic .vater does not run d=»wn t' c fide, but examine it; who, in conjunAion with 

diops very f..ft fiiom 30 or 40 places at the ^j^. Potter, has pointed out a mode of 

top into a bafon which it has hollo ived in fecuring it in fuch a manner ih.i this 

the Rround .. atu every drop cent es am ufi- ^^^,^„^, „,„j,^,„^ ^^jn prob.bjv remain 

cnl kind of tinkling, which is probrtWy in a .. j t- u. j 1 • • r u 1 _ 

great dcjrree owing%o the concivitv ll t^.e '^^ ^^^^^'^ and admiration of the loveri 

nick. Wc faw fcveral pieces of moft whch ^f Ootbic arcliueau.e for many c. ij:u. 

%rere perrlfied by this uater; and i.adition '»«• ^ "« ocils, baring been fouud m 

t'-,Wu<. that near ihi^rcKk the famous Mo- ■ great mcafuFC, if sot entirelv, the 

ll^r Shipton was born. Wc fpent fevcral caufe of the fai'ure. are to be lowered 

liours hereabouts, and were at lalt obliged, 30 feet, and placed upon a frame work 

hy the coming-on of the nigiit, to leave with Co oe carried up quite diAin£^ from the 

the grertteft reludlancy a place, wlicre N.i- tower { in which firuation, it it the 

tr.rc Iraselepartl) dilp.)f«jd every ingredient opinion of the Arcliiic£ls, tiiey will ntft 

flic could b»:rtow to foim a c'>e.iifvd and \^^ injurious. 

yltaiant frene. l^hiltt we walked luulcr a Xhe fum neceflfary to carry into eflTc/^ 

Ihadc of f.Miadr-n trt-t^ atv.l were cnitr- ^j^^ propofed repa-is is about 4000I.; 

tained wi:h i:,e ch.bMug cf t c nver, wc ^^^^^ ^^^' ,^ ,^^ ^^^^^ ^f ,„^ ,^^j 

law the va)2iaMc rn:ns of a lai(»c c.ilt'o • l a ^ j .u • l i- e 

1 t . r > I or church -eltite, and the inabilry «.r 

and a chnrun;; ntcr mixture of locks and i- i- l j- l • "^ 1 

trees on the rppo!'t : l.ill ; above it put of "'«"? <"<=t a ium by » Ic^y upon rbe 

Ihefri'cof K a.cn,:,r<unhd.urcJ.m.idcits V^''^^ /y^ofc poor-rates art at aH 

app«ra..ce, ;ind tl.rouRh the ti-ccs we had ««"™«« high (««d now pirticuLrly (o), 

fcvcivl broken vi^ws of !bc town. From the is intended to be colUaed by fubftrip. 

l)ioppii'g-x' HI Sir Henry Shptjfby has p'ant- tion, to be received by MctFri. Liiiic 

ed walks Mong ihc r.ver-fide ; and, as the and Woodcock, bankers, CoTcntry, 

river rirclec veiy mu.h; we hul. evciv ro and Mcflffs. Simuci Smith, Sv/Dt, bbJ 

rr 10 va»^s, a new point of view, which, Co. Aldermanburyt London. » 

tho«3t»^ comp<)fcd t.f ihft fame obiech, was The nobilitvand gentry in the couR- 

furprifingly diveif-ficd and varied." ly, ubt», from'their Itats or in their ex- 

— " curfions, b/ivc an opportunity *'f bthold* 

^Tr. Urban, Coventry^ 'July 31. ing this elegant f.ib(ick, may be eipeft. 

n|"*fiE i(fr;«ircr< of that be-iutiful fwi. ed to lubfciibc liberally; and it is hoped 

-i- bi'ck, St. Mich.icl'« chuich, Co- thofe, who have a Icfs frequent op|^»r- 

vtnirv, juftly ft vied, by Sir Chri(U)pher tuniiy of admiring it,,\\iil fctl the fame 

Wren, * a mifur-pieceof archi:t.fVure," inclination to prefervt this bcainlul 

\\\\\ be happy to learn. tl>rour»h the n.c- tirudturc. PiiiL arc haismos. 

tiljm of vi'ur wi-'elv-dfiTimi'inicd IVJa- — — 

taiine, ihnt it is Immcd aitiy to rertivc Matthtw i. 11. 

a ihoruuL'li lepair. unflcT the dire^nin " And Jofus begat J«cho:.ias." 

of Mr. Pf'tter. One '.f Vimr frequent ' ■ 'HE. prcicnt re^d-ng rf thia palTapC 
c«'riefj»oi,drnis, Divii WcIU, E'q. d'.*- A u fo very aniicnc, being objr5ud 
ctaic'!, in a letter infcited in vol. LIX. to bv Porphyry in the th'.id ceiituiy, 

p. 419, pointed out the necelfity of a that the:e Iccms no other argument nc- 
fptcdy reparation of the tower, and re- ccflTary to prove it the true read'.u^L. tl- 

C( emended a pcilV.n who, at a fmali }>ecialiy as Jerome who anfweied the 

rxv'nre, wouid (erure i:. But that objection of that great cnem\ of (*hrir* 

aud iijdnv private intiroatiooi were dif- tiaaityi doii uot hint a ruppolitiou Co 



f 



v^^^ 



J 793' J ^ Gineabgieal P^tffagi in St. Matthew txplained. 69 1 



the coo^rxry. But it does not appear, 
from the canonical Scriprires. that Jo- 
f\i% had a Ton of the nime of Jechoniat. 
Thi» h;i( cieaced much difficulty and 
tniuble ?•« cfTrpmenf'tnis; nor can 1 find 
th<t It has yet received a fatisfaflory 
aofwer. 



Matthew and Jofephus, before whofe 
time it is faid to have btrn publiflied. 

In the edition of the- Roman copy of 
thr Septii^gint, by Bofs, it i$ related, la 
1 Efdras, 

^^ Kaci %va7''Jitt>\%i Oft r« T«f iSoi; tov 



The Scriptures, it is true, do not call ^^^'j^ f^jy^, ^^ var^% avru^ mr» truf 
iikrr tJ tii# fons nf Tori;ih bv the namc .. *> 



tither of the fons of Jofuh by the namc 



fKo^ft rpiwv. 



of Jcboniah; but it docs not hence I have alfo sn edition of the Vu'gite, 
fol «vv, that one of them had not that printed at P^ris, by Regnault, 1540, in 
Bame. It wa« no unufu-l thing among ^^^^^ ^^^ reading is the f-ime, buc 



the Jew i ill princes to have (evcr^il 
Dimes. Thu« Jofiah himfelf has only 
four r^ns mentioned in the book of 
Chronic Us, and three of them are fpo« 
ken f't in Vther parts of Scripture by 
o'btr narries. Jeho'ukim is called, in 
s Kinj;$, E'.iakim — Z-«Ukiah, Matta* 
Bijih — 4nd Shalium, Jchrahai. 

Ii i« probable then that one of thefe 
fons h<iil A third natne j and we have 
St. MaLthcw's authoiiiy for the fuppo- 
fiiioD. who cxprel&Iy calls the fuccrflfor 
<>f JohdS by the n»me J(-choRi<ts. This 
w«j Jchoahaz, called li> in i Cluon. 
siK', bv tr.c prophtt Jtrcini^i), Sliallum. 
Aud that (his Jthoihaz. or bha lum, 
ific iucLcli' r of Jofuh, was ceiled aifo 
Jrchoniai), we have the tarther tefti- 
nionv ct anoiher au:hor, who wrote 
Vcfv ne r the time of St. Matthew, 
wiMcij gives h'k auihority a weight 
which It would not oiherwifc dwlcrve, 
jrd when is ilill mrreaf'cvt hy Hi' ha- 
ving written in the l.mic lfiiii»ui;'.e with 
tht EvangclilU This is ihc wiiicr of 
tht hid boiik of Ki.lr.s, w!»o, in the 
fiilt ciu}'tt:r, rrUtts thedc/tiii of Joi'i>h, 
and th.^t the people took his Ion Jecho* 
n<aii, ^luf made him king lu his (le<id. 
1*. n.jlt be arkr.')wltcjt,' d. h:I ihc Cf)pic"» 
ol iL>iir<s have ni>t this reading. 1 ii.^t 
i>f^.d m our tranH^tion h.is it not. But, 
Ki a dilputabie palfage of any profane 
aati'.iii, thnt reading which agrees uiih 
an iii(p:red apoHic has* fuiely ihe rtion^^* 
el) c>4iin to acceptai ce. This ti.l^ bi>ok 
ot Eldras, Dr. Prideaux, in his C^n- 
iicxitiii, fpeaks of a« very antieni— -as 
older than Jofephus, by whom, he lays, 
he it quoied-*probabl\, therefoie, foine 
ycar^ idder, il we conlider the manner 
of piiblilhing books in thofc days. 
Isoiv J'Hcphus IS luppofcd to h.ivc 
wmtcD about the year ot Chnlt 75. 
Ttic ciiTi<: of St. Matthew's wriiiog is 
t\*n io well agreed u^^on. By Ionic his 
G'l'pui 11 placed lo low as 65. So that 
ttic book of Eldras may be of the very 
lame age wirit the Gut'pcl, I'uicc thcte 
ii d jyeiioii of fj ftw /can between 



which, in many other parts, difFcrt 
confiderably fiom the Roman copy, and 
mav therefore be coniidcird as an dddi** 
tion»I evidence; nav, it difn^rees irom 
it ten years in the age of this very Je- 
chonijs. 

" Et afTnmentes, qui crani fga genre, le- 
choni.'tm 61mm lofix, con<>itucninc Re^rm 
pro lofia patre fuo^ turn ei.%c anuonim iri- 
gliita trium.*' 

According to Grotius, fome other 
copies of the Vulfate make Jchoiachim 
Jcchonias, to which he refers in fup* 
port of that artjuintnt ; unlcfs we may 
date to fiipporc fo ^.rcat .\ pcrfon would 
(idducc in his favour \ bo'?k which he 
had not well exani.nwS. ** In Apocry- 
phoEfdiae piiore ia La'inis Kxemp!ari« 
bus hie J Pacini dictiir Je. honias." t*'jii 
Syncp, vo!, IV. p 14 — Mv Kx^mplac 
is an t xcepiioQ to itiis .ilTciiioii, and 
publiHiLd lon»f bef«">rc Grorius wrote. 

I conclude th n that Jofiah h<id a (on 
that w.is c.dicd Jcch'inidh This ftcmt 
the belt unJA'er to this difficult pall-ie;^, 
and rcinov&s iiianv oiMer objet^ionSy 
which :ire involved in everv other mode 
of expl lining it. The truth of the pre- 
fent rcadini^ s hereby confirmed, lit e 
IS a Jtchontih that has Drcthren; and 
by this iMC'ins the Kv^ngjliil i^ vindi- 
cated 111 allcittng that tlieie rtre fourteen 
in each fciies, which otherwile docn not 
api>--Mr it'ue, and which Icenis 10 have 
b'.'en obierved tor this li>!e purpoie by 
St. Mitihew, that we may diilinguilK 
the two peiloiiiiges, whofe fi:niiai njrties 
end the lecond leiiesHud begin the tir.id. 
It Ihould ieem a weak foundation lo 
build any argument upon an apocry- 
phal book ! II may be confidered that 
thcie IS a grejt diffctence between a 
nierc cr.iical rem^ik imd a point of 
do<^^Uinc. Though no Proieliant wovld 
will! to fui^puit a duCtrinc on lich 
grounds, nice is not ihe liine rchon 
againlt a name u(cd in an hiUoricU 
nanaiion, Nvhtte i\ov\v.t^^ tovAWw-^iK- 
thtr tram iV.i wuicvS \aVt\\\\r^^ \\\\fi 
the ufc luve t^udt \A w, 'V.>^» 



Hooker. 



69a The Academic. N^ VII. 

THE ACADEMIC. N'' VII. 

<<RegarJ not wAo it is that fpeakeih, but 
weigh on]y what ik fpoken. 

To ibt Stmtte of Cambridgi. 

Learned Sirs, Afo^9. 

NEARLY three-foyrtMS of th« flu- 
dents here arc 6t(\^nt^ for the 
lyvice of Chrifl, in the church-eflab- 
Jifhment of this kingdom ; and many, 
peihaps a majority of that clafs, be- 
come candidates for the •Ace of Chrif- 



fAof. 

ties in each |;eaeratioD orondcr-f^radu* 
wes, aa with a very feeble influenct 
indeed to enfure io every ftudent that 
refpeaablc degree of cUffical attaiomeac 
which, without ^fpiring to rhe fplcador 
of fame, might be abuodaotly adequate 
to all the purpofet of profcffioual 
utility^ 

j. The prefent aggregate of this fort of 
literature, even including many great 
exceptions to the prevalent negledl, 



tian miniflers a very few months after *®"f«fl«dly low. But the remedy it doc 
they are in^efttd with the tide and pri- ??" ^^ ^*''^« «"<* ^^e %viflies of ibmv 



irilc^et of Bachelor of Aits. 

. Now, in the general opinion of this 

country, in the views of thofe ftudencs, 

|D the very terms of its firA foundation, 

the univerfity is considered as an inrer- 

teniog Arp of necellary preparation be- 
twixt the fchool of youth and the duty 

of manhood i rnd, in compliance with 

the juA and important claims of fuch 

cxpediatioD, what harm is there in the 

wifh, that, betwixt the fludies of the 

pUcs and the religion oF Chrift, Come 

fuch connexion were eAabiiOicd as 

might fupply the learning and the prio- -*•*?'» o" •"* plao nc 

ciplc, whofe unien mutt conAitute the J^^^' which left it 

pious and beneficent preacher of the 

Gufpel } 

In a certain fenfe, and with certain 

reAri£^ions, it is truly ur^ed, that the 

reafoning faculty derives an eminent 

addition to its powers from an inter- 

courfe with the demonArationt of pure 

or mixed roathcm-^ticks; and yet the 

noA zealous idolizer of the fcience 

^L quantity coMtinufd and difcrett^ whe- 
ther Audicd in the abAra6^, or applied 

to the purAiit of phvfical truth, will be 

▼ery cautious in aA*f:rtin); ih;it it bears 

any afpe£l pecuiiarlf f«ivouraDle to the 

Audies of clerical preparation. 

Hov\ever that be. a candidate for the 

clerical uAice ctnnot well make the de- 
claration, on which he is admitted to 

holy orders, except his knowledge of 

tht Greek and Laiin lrt:i^ua>:cs enable 

him to lead with Ucility the New Tef- 

tamcnt in the oiigmitl tongue, and to 

coniult the inoA apptoved of thofe com- 
mentators whofe rcftarcht s have contri- 
buted fo much to iituAiatc in it what is 
obkure, and to cxp;ain what is dif- 
ficult. 

Now thofe feveral honours, inAituted 
by the generous bounty of individuals, 
10 excite competiticm and reward ex* 
<cellence«tn claliical merit, however ad- 
mirable their operation may be to call 
Jbrt/i aad diAi ^uilk the itiUnu abili* 



friends to the beA inrereAi of the Uni* 
verfity have long pointed To a public 
claAieal examination, with the various 
orders of honourable diAin^ioo fo %vcil 
difpofcd on the mathematiol triposk 
Thus of Jtbb'i plan, which was de» 
figned alfo co comprehend ;iatural law, 
political hiAory, the fcience of inteliea, 
and the theory of morals, one objed; 
highly advantacrcous, might imcnedi* 
ately b^ attained ; and that would pave 
the way for a gentle and gradual adop- 
tion of the rtft, and inoA happily, per* 

not long* iioce pro- 
to the choice of ibe 
Audent, on how many or on what fub- 
je£ls he would reA his claim to a de- 
gree, but made it abfolutelv neceAary , 
that he fliould pals a tolerable exami- 
nation in fome one or other. 

Though no leflurcs whatever are 
read on the "True Method of Phllo- 
fophiiing," which, from obfervations 
and experiments on the phaenomeoa of 
Na'urr, riles, by a laborioMs and welU 
re^u.ated induction, to the higheA axi« 
oms, 4nd the genuine theorv of mur^l 
■ nd phylical icience, the fyllabis of 
the Jickfonian profeffor would fufl^ci* 
ently attelt, that this method has been 
in p^rt applied to the inveAigations of 
chemiAry. Biit the (ubjed feem» of 
magnitude enough to demand the ap* 
pointment of a profcAorlhip for this 
Angle purpofcj and an univerAiy, 
which has at different times produced 
men lUuArious in eery walk of kootv- 
ledge, would, perhaps, eAabhlh no 
weak fccurity for the continuance of 
that diAinguiAied honour by the inAi- 
tution and fupport of public le^ures on 
'•The firA Piinciples of general Philo- 
fophy." Even the great Locke pro- 
felft^ not to give thofe rules, which his 
forerunner had io admirably reduced to 
an art and a fyAem in the " Or^annm 

* See tht late Striaures oa die Discipline • 
ot Cambudge, p. ^« 



ICC of [he mithemaiical purfu'ts 
ch the kie Bp. Uorac ifti)r<ii ihe 
4ox propcniitiei of fonic Cain- 
tticologiBDi I though plain rci- 
ill bear h>m out in the alTrrlion, 
ic analogici of a fcience, which ii 
rfant folely abodl meajift, num- 
mUm, -inifigare. ate 11..1 iraniler- 
Ui tiiicii, tbi*l»fy, and peluitks. 
oUowing circuTnllancei may more 
be adniidcd into the account of 
'orof ortbodoSy,»heTi conridcrcd 

peculiar growrh o( the Ichooli of 
ildgc) Ihe lale ani) ha^y coin* 
iment of a flndjr wtiiLh ojght to 
c an early and delibtniic aiien- 

tbe waol of thai mndrfty in lei. 
r nhich qoeflioai of conii'ivtried 
tf demand in *ain from Tome nu- 
itictani ( and that indolent artjui- 
X ia the data befoic thctn, which 
; tniiet of pttitat fuffardiMtioa 



vealcd irl'gioD, uhich, without in- 

prordfional knai^ltdge, might be dir< 
played in 1 frriei of Icflurei, dirconrfei, 
or even fermont, if you will, wiib ihe 
profpES of glorioui ctcnfto what t 



oiled Ii 






H pjii, fcartely known bf 
ram^ in ih< fchooli of CanJ>r^dge, 
might confifl of a judicinui klv£l oa 
from the woikt of Ray, Derhaiii,Sirel- 
lie, and oiher authort, to dcmuiillratc 
the vaiioui goodnefs of ihe Dciiy fiom 
ibe HifloryoF animated Nature, to e:^- 
hibit ihe mod 111 iking pcoofi of infiniie 
wrfdom in tbe combinanoni nf elemcnii 
bl-^ life; to 
iflina, and 
leafontng fenfe, and ihc approprixc en- 
jnvmenit of laricd enineoee in the 
loivcraniinals, and, a'muit, a\\, xa ^vi^W, 
with the repeaud ttffoa <j( jywt^MV w- 



^94 .Tm Academic. N*Vn—Bf//f/i/Chriftchurch* [Aaj 

ferencc on the-divcrnfied fburces of ufe Mr. Uhban, Amg. 17* 

and comfort, on the innumerable caps- "VTEITHER Mr. Warner • nor hi 
cities of rational and innocent ^atifica- 1^ French friend feem co hare madt 
tion to the fotts of man. our the infcript ons on rhe bclit I 

If! the counccrpart of thif fcheme, of Ch'i^church. The nift m*y be at 
which I (Kofcfs but to Ai^w the ruJe addrcis to ihe fixrh b«!i, which, per 
'outline, tlie fpirit of our S/iviour'$ of. haps, bears the name of Auguftioe 
6ce and charadcr» as reported by the thar, by it< feflivc found, the holy Lam' 
difcipk whom he loved, Ikou'd pofTefs might drive away all plasties or evih 
the pre-eminence of order d% of dignity ; The other, alludini; iu the name of m 
next mi^.lit follow the p £lure of Chrif- unitidf q. d. all the founds or harmon 
,tian charity, from the flowing pencil of of the whole fct in th it one bell, mtgli 
that great mader St. Paul, and, along induce the people to lead good lives 
wkh fim.lar portions, the Rrft epiAle of ftnt meantng /»hhJ, and am /a/4, livet 
the other John, ever inhnittly valued, Affii, in the Hrl), is an invocation t 
if it coMfained but that mod cxqutlitc rlie bell AuPin, bv its cheat ful found t 
and fubiime of alt polfible ttuths, call on the holy Lsmb, ^nd then to ria 
B 619; o/xTN in». out as the great herald. 

Whit rich and copious fnawer this 1 confefs myfelf mitch inclined 1 
for the philofophical commentator to fuppofe that TairsuJirf t is the fame 1 
deduce the parallels of Nature and of the T^uqufffem, or ^^qnajftn^ of Chai 
Grace 1 And with what a voice of per- pentier, coinmctnlv called "Tocfin^ %vliicl 
fualioii mi^ht the orator then a)»ply the 
paneyyricks of ihofe heroes of man* 
kind whom, fiom the apoftles of primi- 
tive ChriAianity to the Hmway, the 
Howard, and the Wilberforcr, of the 
prcfcDt age, the living charity of the 
Guipcl has animated through a glorious 
iuccelfton of philanthropic cforts 1 

Invill not anticipate the probable cf- 
fe£^» on an ingenuous audience, from 
this legitimate union of Religion and 
Philolbphy, imprciTed on rhe imagina- 
tion of Virtue by tile delivery of Elo- 
quence. What is faid already may be 
enough to rank me. in the minds of 
fome, with the vifionary and the cnthu- 
fiaft. Attach but the bumble chara6ler 
of well-meaning to either title, and I 
ihalt be proud to wear it. The cheat- 
ing confcioufnefs of good intention 
yields an abundant comfort to the poli- 
tical patriot, whofc labours are con- 
figncd to calumny and fruftration, as to 
the unknown and undiftinguifhed wri- 
ter, who icjoices to have thus applied 
tk:e ta enr of inferior genius with ibn«e 
chance, however diAaot, of beneficial 
conft^uence. 

\xi the Ancereft ardour of good wiOies 
for the impiovemeni oF univerfity-e'du- 
C'ltion, as iiitiinatcly affc£ting the dear* 
if(\ intciilts of national welfare, the 
conclulion of this addrefs warns ma to 
jet^utft your attention to the remarks, 
if not your apology for the freedom, of 
An Academical Rlformkr. 

In Acndeni. VI. reud •• the very ttrm is 

become t>l>noxious," &c.— ^* ihc matter and 
taton.** w}):c*i ii by no means dtfjgned to 



la modern France, has founded fuc 
dieadfol alarms. He cites authorini 
f()r calling it Megr.um 7o9qutfaim ; an 
T'^nquf/aimt is the term uled to exp'C 
the qu.ck and fudden ft'okes of 1 
Then, at Chridchurch, it will be tl 
lucky ti^nal to awaken or alarm om 
to V rruou5 lives. 

Afiis . fellivu; . pedes . pint . ut • faga) 

a^uus . 
Mox . Auguilinus . nee . dum . refooH 

pi ceo . ma^nus . 

Sit . nohis . omen . Touzunis f cum . fi 

tthi . nomen . 
Virtus . campane . facial . nos . viven 

fane . 

As little accuracy is there in the d 
fcript:on of the brafs figure 4t H itd 
(II. 31), the head of which is (aid 
recline on a fadale, which, with t! 
fpurs, are certainly intended to repr 
fcnt A kn.gbt. It happens, unfortunate! 
the fad«Mc it a htlmtU the common a 
companimcnt of armed perfonages. 

Yours, &c. . R G 



Mr. Urban, 7<f*' 5* 

ISH.ALL give your correfpond< 
Truth credit for his wit, howti 
little I may be difpofed to do the fai 
by his argument}. 1 (hall alfo gi 
him ciedit for the juflict of his rcma 
when he a(ks, in what refpf^t can 
naiTic eithtr add to, or fuhtraft fro 



* Topographical Remctrks on the Son 
wellein Hans of Hamplhire (fee omr ] 
view, p. 74Z— 745). 

•f lbid-v»l. 11. p. r5$ — 160. Sometii 
•jccla-Jo liyt otiwi ftliow'S iii vy out of ot^CQ. it isTuuittrMi)V\\«cv'Y>^i.>3k\A^^\:fev%i^\o-Qa« 



'793*3 Farthtr VindUalioH tf th* Harringtonian Thet'j, 



hi 



I 



the force nf 90 argumrnr ? It certainly rindic^red the opinion oP the xntient 

can do neither; hut ftill many 50')d chemiHti that he hath carried the idea 

reaCrins m*^hc l^e «(1igned why the wrh fuccefs into a beautiful and Asiif- 

friendi of the Harnnetonian theory fa^ory invedig^tion of the differenc 

mav wiih its oppnnmti to faoAico aerial vapours, and hath abfolutcly de« 

their nhic^ ions with thtir real names, monflrated, not only from his own ex- 

If diffidence, however, or any pruden* pcrimenta, but from thofe of the moft 

t:il motives, ftand in the way, I (bail celebrated modern phrilnfophers, that 

be happy to attend ro them, under the atmofphere i:» compofed of tire» wa« 

tvhitcvKr figir^tuie thry may appear^ ter, and the aerial mcpliitic acid in i* 

ind, even in the prefeot inftance, have (late of neutralifation ; I hope your in* 

foo^jefiion to rhis npp<inent adoptini; genious correfpondent will not perfe- 

the facred name o( TkI'TH, more ef- vere in loading the Harringtonian ihe- 

jiteiallv while iiv h^s the cnJour tr> cry of the atatofpliere with opproJinoui 

fcknowled^r thut the fignaiurc is epithets, mei el v bcC/ttife ^# tTiav nc>t im- 

FICTITIOUS. mcdi.4a*ly coiuprehcnd, or / may not bt 

The attainment of real truth bem^ happy in espUining, ** why a poor weak 

cht end at which 1 aim, I can afTure fiie may be capable of Ijb.r rating one 

tbit correfpond^nt that I am ready to that is more powerfully concentrated j*' 

irilcn with eood humour, and, I ho^>e, or, to take up the obje£lion in i(s ncvi^ 

ttitb abiiincf to comprehend the futi form, ■< why the (ixed (iie in air, orths 



f^rce of his <ibje£^ions. But, (ince every 
frrat writer has his own peculiar me- 
thod, I mud beg leive to continue the 
**fee-faw** defultory fty'e which, I 
iroft, will cffcflually cut through his 
pru.cipil objc^lion to the truih of ih*- 
Hirnnt^'.onitn th<roiy of the atmo- 
fphcrc; for that, I prcfumc, is the 
j!-cnd ohjcft. 

If he (h >l) be fo fuccefkful a« to con* 
T:r,ce me, Mr. Uibi*n,or yoorfclf, t\\M 
i't IS ntii n material fubftancc, ihit it is 
fTc^pib'e of being fixed and concen- 
tr-.trd in an inuncnic v.iriciy of forms 
111! <4ppearai)ces, in the different obje£)s 
rr' Nature { in fomc wjfh a greater, and 
in oth'.-ts with a Icfs, degree of forcei 



concentrated fir« in phofphorus, can 
neither of them liberate itfelf atone ^ 
but, being brought together, the con- 
fiiu'd fire of one %vill, then, liberate it- 
felf, and the other alfo/' 

I admit that the objeflion ii well 
urged on the p:<rt of your c^rrefp'^n- 
dcnt ; and, had it appeared in his tirf^ 
letter, I (hijuld not h^vc waited till now 
befttre I had given it a reply. 

The Harrirjifonian theory of concen* 
tntcd and ae'iialif.d fire teaches^ ih;4t it 
ishxtd, with various degrcfs of foice, 
in the different ohj-^s of Nature. In 
gold and plating, 1 Inve alicady obfcr- 
ved, thit the hi^hett degree of conceit* 
tration is to be fx^und ; in pljufifliorus^ 



t!iat i; is n>>t one of tlic component moll probably, the luwcll. In the firit 
pA<:s of aideni fpiiit, of ciTcntidl oils, 
•rd of many other fl.iids j that ic is 
reither ac; iahred in vapour; iw)r forms 
sn cfTcnti il iiii^rtdicnc in all tlic diffe- 
rtntfjKciis of ^t; tint it c.inii it be (e- 
r^rareJ fri^m iheli, by v^rmiis proctf- 
l^if luch as the rclpiiation of unuTiils, 
the putrtfaftion of tlicii hodic*, or ilic 
cniibyilion of irflimmabl- luolltuces; 
t^it lift warmth of cfpiiinii ^iii.imIs, 
li^« gcner.ition of voliiik a k .h in pu • 
ticfiflion, and of a^tu-tl tire in coinbjf- 
t'i",d(>«.s not p.octti!, in put, 'ro:n the 
C''Mrnunica'.it>ii of t:.is m.itcri.Tl p* inci 
pl= by t!»e atmotphcr':; then will I cui- 
didiv acknoAieiic, either tint the II «r- 
tiDgiooiao plnlofophy is \a\'c auvi nu- 
gatory, or that I tiave entirely ii)i(uo- 
derflood its meaning. 

But fhould my opponent, on the con- 
^ry, be compelled to ackno^vitd^e, 
tl>«. in refpedt to the material i:y of 
&Vj lit, HM/r'uf^foM JiMch ddojjud a ad 



of ihefe bod.es the higiiefl degree of 
ai'ilua! tire which wc are capable of ap« 
plying, iiided bv a (Irong current of air, 
is nor .i'n'e lo r.,>4ri:e the iixcti fi-e; ia 
the i<r'e , t*»is l'i')rt«nce is fo I ofely 
Cf>!7ibinril, that, ip :!ic romoiou heat of 
the .i:mc»'pl:jtn., it i> r»j Iv to rc»f>vcr 
its free ur i\C\'H^ /. .tCo .^)> Cion us it is 
ex|»f.>ird to tilt irifiiicfctr ot air ; ctnd the 
coriibuilioii ui (,n: >, ct iiin>tMct's and 
continues up n tiic lit'iic p;iiu !>lt*s as 
the CitcinHtiu) i*u(\ fc, a- iii fii of tixcd 
iiic f.oin rtiiy fi'iur c<;rii".».uii'ile b.»dy 
an'j J rv.ricnt or nir it^ 'Ivj :ru[\ lorcnle 
h -t '.t (he 'lii.. ir-j. ij ;: \\h\ ;)rit:jcr 
liu f.Swu :i;c 1.1 i',\c conUuIl -le i.o'y, 
i.>r .ii.' 'r-.ij" lined liic 11) ;(ie .ii , is ci* 
pj'»'c of I !<T i:iii: ii'fl^, IS? c]M-..;<.ri 
uliitli H-'-ls u ,r til- r-uih <f til' :i r- 
r»iii:t III M ; 1; o, v of tin: .«' .ii»'j»u're, 
Ir i:» M':ii.ic:)t ''» i v, di.l :t :s .m ';llit)- 
hllicil Ih'v <)! N'-.i.\ ".\ l v.w^^'^ *tw 

caiiiioc ukc ^uAtc Nvuuodv Vuc vo'^Cvit- 



6^6 J mrracxthus Efettpe rtcordcd — Curious Injcnption^ C^^S* 

rtnc^ of hoxh. in certain cfeprres of heat, ber of your MigAzine, in order that fo 
A\ v.eM might your corrcfoondent dc- (ingular an event tnay be more geoerallv 
mand, why c;rafi is green? aqueftion known. The dialing (ftt plmft IL 
which would jurt as much affc6^ the fij^, i)^ which ii prefervtd in the family 
truth of ihis^ihcory, w.hich has bctn to perpetuate this miraculous efcipe oJF 
already drmontlratcd bv experifnent, m a brother, does honour to the gentlemaa 
the compofuion and decumpofiiion of (not a profefltd artift) whodeftgnedand 
sir. executed the fame, and alfo comp^tfcd 

It is a^ little to the pnrrofe for the the concife, but nerTout and pathetic, 
writer to puzzle and perplex the Tub- infcriptton. J. H. 

]c£l, or hi!i own noiidle, with cndea- m 

vouring to find out how a particle of Mr. Urvan, July 23. 

atrial acid can he lurrounded by an at- T SENO y^u a cony of an infcription 
mofphfic of hrc. His ideas on this 1 (pi, U.fii 2), wliich was well cut» 
pt>iutare not clurinicAi, but truly mecha- on a ftone pUced near a window at ihe 
Dical, and n^ucl) pn-a par with ^be ex- Eaft end of one of the ailes tA the old 
pUn.ition of Layoifier on the retention c-ithedral of Down Patrick, the ccurty- 
cf fire in thl atmofphere. It is retain- town of the county of Down, in the 
cd, fay the abettors of this ingenious' Noth of Ireland, f have been informed 
phiiofopher, much upon fhe fam^ pc.*°' that it has attra£led the nortec of federal 
ctpic as water* in a Cpunge. Dr. H?ir- curious perfoni, who have not beca 
rington's theory neither rtqurcs nor able to decipher it; pethnps fome of 
»dniitsof (uch meciianicrtt ekplanations. vour ingenious tellers may have het:cr 
lie ag»ce« with Di. Piieftley, or, ra- jficccfs. This bi4.ildiog is r*»d to h ve 
thcr. Dr. Pneftleyhath at Uii agreed been eref^ed by St. Patrick t and the 
w.th him, that fire is the piindple of infcription may n-afonably be fuppr>fed 
nikalinityj and I have no dt*uhc but to have been co-eval w;th it. Around 
this lalUnientioncd ingenious cxperi- lowcr. lV'»od ntar the Weft end, which 
mtntaliii is well convinced, in hu own fome idle perfonkdconbiiflied during the 
mind, that the aerial mephiiic acid and i,te ele£hD0y which «va$ carrifrd on with 
fie neutralife each other in the atmo- fomc animofi^y, and, i am informed, 
fphcrt, ujxui the ^kell-eft-rbiifhcd prm- was the occafK^n of its demolition. The 
ciple of cilfeMICAL ATTRACTION. cbu ch has been lately re-edinedj and, 
1 (hail thercluie concluuc, Mr. Ur- though as much of the old work a« pof» 
ban, by lecpmfticnding to your coire- f,b|c has been preferred, this remaik* 
fpondcnt to take another peep into the gbte (lone has been loft. Tiie new ca- 
Kledical Speflator, where he will find thcdi^al, from its bold fiiuation, when 
th^l juftice done to the Hnninatonian the iu'cnded forre is ere£^ed, will prove 
philofophy wlJich hath bciu lo b^fcly ^ g'cai ornanitnt to that part or tho 
itfuffd ■ by ftvcral t>f our periodical country, and do honour to thofe who 
3ourr..ii.fts. 1 have "nly «no ih-ng far- have uitcrelled ihcmfclvcs in lis druc- 
fl'tr T'^ ob^tive : Ti' cc Nour corrcfjx.n- ture. 

dtnt, Mr. Urb.»n, ha» lo dear^ proved In a vifit which I lately paid to a fiU 

fity rt(^ticatlons to ** be iit;nt and un- verfmith's (hop in purfuit of old coios, 
iubfl^iuial as air iifcif," 1 ihall, in fu- Fortune threw 10 my way a curious lit- 
ture. I hope, «\nh ;..l iVat pioprieiy tie broclie, wh»ch muft, I prel'umc, 
uhih he ftfi»>s willing to admit, adopt have been the property of one x>f our / 
ih? ii-nature of Atmo.^ PHERlcus. Erglilh nionarchs. it is of pure gold» 

'■ " vciv well executed, and weighs two 

*^* Jhivncr trucb :U tr.^c.hm VVarr.'ick- pennyweights j an H, crowned, appeari 

(hue Bi:y, in ^.ur .'-/:, P 6 . 7, mc.y p-idc khn^ ^^ ^^^^ (-^j^ ^j ^j^^ tongue, and an A on 

J,yh:t6ftye.fyUoMf.,!'r.:dor,i^. ytioculA ^he Othci ; AVE MARIA GRACIA is in- 

fC.cnn.fnUbimtotu,nh:.rr,-:it. fu^juUs m.n ^.^ .^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

^.S^.uJyhe.ry.ru,y-^U^ ^^^^^ DOMINUS on the Other (Jfi 

^^ry Ua,nU und rejpe^j..or. ^^ ^^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^^^j^ ^ ^j^^ ^^ ^ 

Mr. UaBAN, July lu ^^^oftr.^d .t the to:m of the letters, of 

BKING favoured with a cpv ot the ^"y "^'^^"^ circ^:..nance, will lead to the 

incloltd drawing by Mr. Harvey, ji»lcove.y for wnith of the Henrys thts 

of Manchcller, an ini;tniou. gentleman, 1^''*= o:naT^tnt was mid:. A. L A. 

wbolkttthed the oni-inal, 1 have in- F/V- 4. is a imll com, which anold corra- 

e/ofcd it, tiut an cu^jHiuiy^^ fiom the fpoi;deat would be glad i© ice clUwidated^ 

Jjuae may be given in iumt future num* ^^* 



^KaXKATITB i/r^fSUFFSKlNGS 9f 

Ikwiimmit Oeokok -Speaking. 
mitm iivtd Seven Nights in « 
Coal pit mriibomt mtf Smfiimmiee 

ON Wednefdiyy Sept. 13, 1769, be- 
tween three and ft^r o'clock io the 
afternoon, I went into a little wood 
called North wood fide (Gtuated between 
two and three mites to the N;W. of 
6U(gow) with a defigh to jrather a few 
htzcl-nuts. I think that 1 could not 
have been In the wood more than a 
qoarter of an hour, nor have gathered 
More than ten nuts, before I unforru* 
aitely fell into an old coal-pit, exa^lfy 
ievcnteen yards deep, which had been 
made through % folid rock, l was fome 
little time in fen fib! e. Upon recovering 
my rccolledion, l' found myfelf fitting 
(nearly as a tailor docs at his work), 
die blood flowing pretty fift from my 
laouih ; «nd I thought that I had bro- 
ken a blood-veiTel, and confcqucntly 
hid not long to lire 1 hot, to my gieat 
comfort^ I foon difcovercd that the 
blood proceeded from a wound in my 
tongue, which I fuppofed I had bitten 
in my fall. Looking at my watch (it 
Wis ten minutes paft four), and getting 
up, I furteyed my iimbk, and to my io- 
cxpreflible joy found that not one was 
broken. I was foon reconciled to my 
ruuation, having from my childhood 
thought that fomcthing very extraordi- 
BSry was m happen to me in the courfe 
of my life ; and I had not the lead 
doubt of being relieved in the morning ; 
for, the wood being but fmall, and fi- 
toated near a populous city, it is much 
frequented, efpecially jn the nutting- 
ftafon, and there are feveral foot paths 
leading through it. 

Night DOW approached, when it began 
•<* rain, not in gentle Ihowcrs, but in 
torrents of water, fuch as is generally 
experienced at the autumnal equinox, 
^he pit I had failen inte was about 
five feec in diameter j but, not having 
"<en worked for fever^l years, the fub- 
terraneao palTn^/s wcie choked up, To 
that I was expolcd to the rain, which 
continued, with very fmall intermif- 
ft"**, till the day of my relcafc; and, 
'odeed, io a very fhoit time, 1 was 
*onipJt(cly vvti through. In this com- 
foitlefj condicion I endeavoured to take 
J<»nje repofe. A forked ftick that 1 
found in the pit, and which I placed 
dwigonally to the fidt of ic, fcrved alter- 
fis^fly to fuppoit my head as a pillow, 
^BtiT. Mag, Jtt£'»/f, 179S' 



fima C&al Pit, 1 769; 6gf 

or my bodv oecafiontlly, which wat 
much bruifcd 1 but, in the whole tithe 
I remained here, 1 do not think that I ' 
ever flept one hour together. Having 
petted a Tcry difagreeable and tedious 
night, I was foinewhat cheered with 
the appetrance of day-light, and the 
melody of^a robin- red breafl that had 
perched dire£lly over the mouth of the 
pit) and this pretty little warbler con* 
tinued to Vifit my quarters every moro« 
log during my confinement $ which I. 
conflrued into a happy omen of my fu* ' 
ture deliverance; and I (ince^ly believe' 
the truft I had in Providence,' and (h« 
company of this little bird, contributed 
much to that ferenity of miiid I con- 
flantly enjoyed to the laft. At the dif^ 
tance of about 100 yards, in a direft 
line from the pit, there was a water- 
mill. The miller's houfe was nearer 
to me, and the road to the mill was fltU 
nearer. I cquld frequently heaf the 
borfes going this road to and from the 
mill I frcquently-I heard human voices | 
and I could didinflly hear the ducks 
and hens about the mill. 1 made the 
bed u(e of my voice on every occafion ; 
but it was to no manner of purpofc; for,* 
the wind, which was confiantly high, 
blew in a line from the mill to the pit, 
which eafily accounts for what I heard; 
and, at the fame time, my voice was 
carried the contrary way. I cannot (ay 
I fufFered much from hunger. After 
two or three days thit appetite cealcd ; 
but my thirlt was intolerable; and, 
though it almoft conftantly rained, yet 
I could not till the third or fourth day 
prcferve a drop of it, as the earth at the 
bottom of the pit fucked it up as faft as 
it ran down. In this diftrefs I fucked 
my cloaths; but from them I could ex- 
tr.i£l but little moiilure. Tne fiiuck I 
receiv/H in the fall, together with the 
didocation of one of my ribs, kept mc, 
I imagine, in a continual fever; I can- 
not oiherwile account for my fufTeriog 
fo much more from thirll thah I did 
from hunger. Ac lad 1 difcovered the 
thigh-bone of a bull (which, I after- 
wards hcaid, had falieu into the pit 
about eighteen years before mc), almoll 
covered with rhe earth, i dug it up; 
and the Sarsfc eod of it left a cavuy that, 
I fuppofe, might contain a quart. This 
the water gradually dramed into, but fo 
very ilo^vly, that it was a confiderabie 
time before I could dip a nut-lhcll tulL 
at a time; which I emptied into the 
paim of' my hand, aud \o 'U^kuVLw.. TV\« 



•698 Suffirings 9/ Lieut. Geo. Spearing, m a Ccsl fU^ 1769. [ 

water now began to increafe pretty f^ ca«ii« ; a day thati whila my m 

fo that I was glad to enlarge my refer- laAs, I wiH always celebrate with 

▼oir, infomueh that, on the 4th' or 5th tude to Heaven \ Through the ba 

day, I had a AiiBcient fupply } and this aod bulhes that covered the gM 

water was certainly the prefenratioa of the pit, I could dilcover the fun I 



mw life. 

At the bottom of the pit there were 
^reat quantities of reptiles, fuch as 
frogs, toads, large black fnails, or ftugs; 
&c. Thefe noxious creatures would 
frequently crawl about roe, and often 
got into my refervoir; neverthelefs, I 
thoueht it the fweeteft water I had ever 
ufted ; and at this didance of time the 
remembrance of it is fo fweet, that* 
were it now poflible to obtain any of it, 
I am fure 1 could fwallow it with avi- 
dity* I have frequently tsken both 
frogs and toads out of my neck, where, 
I (uppofe, they took ihelrer while I 
ilept. The toads I always deflroyed, 
Init the frogs I carefully preferved, as I 
did not know but I might be under the 
Beceflity of eating them, which I (bould 
aot have ferupled to have done had I 
been very hungry. 

Saturday, the i6th, there fell but 
little rain, and 1 had the fatisfadion to joy, could not help aiking me^ 
hear the voices of fome boys in the Hibernian ftyle, if I were dill I 
wood. Immediately I called out with 



bright, and my pretty warble 
cha*inting his melodioos ftraint, 
my attention was rouzed by a co 
noife of human voices, which ( 
to be approaching faft towards th 
immediately I called out, aod 
agreeably lurprized (everal of n 
quaitttance, who were in feareh < 
Many of them are ftill living in 
gow { and it it not long fince I h 
very ereat fatisfadion of entert 
one or them at mv apartments* 
told me that they bad pot the OM 
tant hope of finding me alive 
wilbed to give my body a decent I 
diould they be fo fortunate as to I 
As foon as they heard mv voiee, ll 
ran towards the pit, and I could 
guidi a welUknown voice ex 
«« Good God I he is aill living !*' 
ther of them, though, a very 
North-Briton, betwiat his (urpri 



nil my might, bnt it was all in vain, 
though 1 afterwards learned that they 
ndually heard me$ but, being prepof- 
feffed with an idle ftory of a wild man 
being in the wood, they nn aivay af- 
frighted. 

Sunday, the 17th, was my birth-day, 
when I completed my forty- firft year ; 
and I think it was the next day that 
fome of my acquaintance, having acci- 
dentally heard that 1 had gone the way 
I did, rent two or three porters out pur- 
pofely to feareh the pits for me. Thefc 
men went to the miller's houfe, and 
made enquiry for me; but, on account 
of the very great rain at the time, they 
never entered the wood, but cruelly ru- 
turned to their employers, telling tbem 
they had fearched the pit, and that 1 
was not to be found. Many people in 
my difmal iituation would, no doubt, 
have died with defpair; but, I thank 
God, I enjoyed a per fed (erenity of 
mind; Co much fo, that in theTuefday 
afternoon, and when I had been nx 
nights in the pit, I very compofediy 
(by wayof amufement) combed my wig 
en my knee, humming a tune, and 
thinking of Archer in the *< Beaux 
Stratagem." 

At length, the morning, Sepr. so, the 
Ay^pjr morniag fo€ my deiiverancei 



I told him, ** I was, and bearty 
aod then gave them particular din 
how to proceed in getting me out 
tunately at that jun6iure a collier 
a working pit in the neighbou 
was palling along the road, and, 
ing an unufual noife in the woe 
curiolity prompted him to learn t 
cafion* By his afliftance, and 1 
from the mill, 1 was foon fifely 1 
on Urrm frma. The miller's wi 
very kindly brought fome milk 
from the cow ; but, on my comii 
the frefti air, I grew rather fain 
could not tafte it. Need I be aC 
to acknowledge, that the firft d 
of my heart prompted me to fall 
knees, and ejaculate a (ilent thanki 
to the God of my deliverance ; A 
this diftant time, I never think of 
the tear of gratitude ftarts from m 
Every morning whik I was io 
I tied a knot in the comer of my 
kerchief, fuppoltng that, if I died 
and my body ihopid be aftei 
found, the number of knots woul 
tify how mdfhy days I had lived, 
moft the firll queftion my friend) 
me was, how long I had been 
pit } Immediately I drew my bai 
chief from my pocket, and bndi 
count the knots. They found 
the «xa& numbtt tA nx^u i hn 



iTfST* Smfirh^s tfJjM^Gn. Spearii^, in CuiPU^ 1769. 699 

tbtra. Weaovrhafiedontof tlitwood. ' Oppofitt tbe Hrcr on which the miU 
I oo«U wtik wkhom fspport s but that ftood thm wis ■ blcach»6ekl« It it oif^ 
VM ftst allowedt each peHcMi pKfeBt tomary ibr the waichmaa in the night 
inrag to fttw me ho«r maah the/ were to. blow a hon to fri^htes thievee • Thia 
MJoicM tlut they bad fovad nc alHrc I frequently heard when 1 wai in the 
M lb well. They'led me to the miU pit| and very often» when I wai in a 
lir% IMS A, where a tteat nnmber of -ibiind flecpat the miller*!, I have been 
people were colleAed to fee me. A awakened by it in the greateft hormrt, 
|tntltniaa» who had a conatry^houfe ilill thinking myfelf in Uie pie ; fo that^ 
laft bjr. mr kfindly« at my reooeft, in hStf I fntifered at much by lmagina«> 
ftat lor a ^aft of whiie«wiae* I or^ tion at from rralicy. 
dered n piece of bread lo be toafted, I continued fix weekt at the miller'at 
wUch I foked in the wiae» and ate. I when the roadt became too bed for the 
ftow defired the mitler't wife to make doAort to vifit me^ fb tlmt I was under 
ae ep e bed, Ibedly th inking that no* the neceificy of being carried in a fedae 

chair to my lodgingt inOU%ofr. By 
thit time my right foot wat quite^wellt 
but in mv left foot, where the aboie* 
mentioned black fpot appearedt them 
wat a large wound, anci it too plainly. 
proved that the «r cmicis wat nearly all 
decayed'! for, the furgeon could put hia 



lhiB|[a»en wat wanting than a little re- 
fMhiag fleep to termioiate my mitfbr* 
una. Bat» alat I I wat ftill to undergo 
f^aaMr fnftringt than I had yet eadu- 
led* By the almoft continual raint, to- 
miher with the cold damp arifing from 
ma wet ground on which I layy and not 



king aUt to take the leaft eaercifc to probe through the centre of* it. The 
ItNp up a proper circulation of the ' fleih too at the bottom of my foot waa 



Uobdy BT legt were much fwelled and 
benumbed. Some of my friends, obfer* 
vbg tbiiy propofed to fend to Glargo%v 
for medical advice. I at firft declined 
it| and happy had it been for roe if I 
bad purfued my own inclinatioos ; bur, 
oafortanately for me, a phyfician and 
furgeon were employed, both of them 
ignorant of what ovght to have been 
done. Inflead of ordering my legs into 
^d water, or rubbing them with a 
coarfe towel, to bring on a gradual cir- 
culation, they applied hot bricks and 
large poultices to my feet. This, by 
etpandiog the blood-veifcls too fud- 
denly, put me to much greater torture 
than I ever enduied in my life, and not 
only prevented me enjoying that re* 
frtming deep I fo much wanted, but 
afiually produced a mortification in 
both my ftet. I dc not mean, by re- 
lating thit circumftance, to reflet uc 
the faculty in general at Glafgow ; for, 
I wat afterwards attended by gendemeu 
who are ap honour to the profetHon. 
The (ame method was purfued fur fe- 
deral days, without even giving me the 
bark nil 1 mentioned it myfeU. This 
happily ftopt the progrcfs of the morti- 
fication, which the dowtois did not 
know had taken place till the miller's 
w^le (hewed tnem a black fpot, about at 
Inroad at a Ihillin^, ai the bottom of my 
left heel. In a d^y or two ^ore the 
whbie ikin, together with all the nails 
of my left foot, and three from my 



quite fcparated fimm the bones and ten- 
dons, fo that [ waa forced to fubmtt to 
have it cut off. In this painful ftate I lay 
fevcral months, reduced to a mere fke* 
leton, taking thirty drops of laudanum 
every night ; and, though it fomewhat 
eafed the pain in my foot, it was gene- 
rally three or four in the rooming be- 
fore I got any reft. My fituation now 
became truly alarming; I had a con- 
futation of furgeons, who advifed me 
to wait with patience for an exfoliation, 
when they h»d not the leaft doubt but 
they fliould foon cure my foot. At the 
fame tiro« they frankly acknowledged 
that it was impoflible to afcertain che 
precife time when that would happen , 
as ic might be fix, or even twelve, 
months, before it came to paft. In my 
emaciated condition I was certain that 
it was not pofiible for me to hold out 
half the time; and, knowing that I 
muA be a very great cripple with the 
lofi of my heel-bone, I came ro a de- 
termined refolution to haye my leg ta- 
ken off, and appointed the very next 
day for the operation i but no furgeon 
came near me. I Ancerely believe they 
wiihed to perform a cuic) but being, at 
I thought, the bcft judge of my owa 
feelings, I was refoUed this time to be 
guided by my own opinion ; according- 
ly, on the xd of May, 1770, my leg 
was taken off a little below the knee. 



Yet, notwithftaiidin^ I had fo loo^ca- 
duFcd the rod ot afi^v^voti, u\\%\v>'A\iYvti 
rtgbi foot, cdiJic ojf Jikc the Rogers of fti.i followed me. Aviiixit \\\t\.^ Woc-.^ 



jDO Sttffi^ifigs of Lieut. <jCO; Spearing, in a Coal Pit^ 1 769, 



cd, and when I was quiet In bed, I 
f*>unH mvrc'.f nearly fai:)ting with the 
1 ^'s of b^ood ; the ligatures had all gi- 
W-- «nd the arteries had bled a 
i.-^ c liiiic bcfme it was difco- 
'• ' ' iU Jiis ri'iit: Uu' vv'»uni! was jn- 
tlur.ed, nc-erthcli'/;., i w.-^s under the 
j;ircJfit. of once mere lubmitting to tr.c 
^/pcr.t . I) of the ireedle, and the princi- 
pal artery was fewcd up four diffcicnt 
tirr.ca ttfoit the blood vvas (lopped. I 
fuffcred rruch for two or ih.ee davs, 
not daring to take a wii.k of flrep; for, 
the moment I fhui ir.y ejes, my dump 
(though conftantly hcid by the nerve) 
would take fucb convullivc motions, 
that I really think a ftab to the heart 
could not be attended with greater pain. 
jMy blood t**o was become fo very poor 
and thin, that it abfotutely drained 
through the wound near a fortnight af- 
ter my Ug was cut off- 1 'a> f<^r *8 
days and nights in one poHtion, not da« 
ring to move, left the ligature ihould 
again give way ; but I could enduie it 
,jjo longer, and ventured to turn myfelf 
in bed contrary to the advice of my fur- 
geon, which I happiiy elft^cd, and 
never felt greater pleafurc in my life. 
Six weeks after the amputation, 1 went 
out in a fedan chair for the benefu of 
the air, being exadlly nine months from 
the day I fell into the pit. Soon after, 
I took lAdgings in the country j where, 
getting plenty of warm new milk, my 
appetite and (Ircogrh increaftrd daily j 
and to this day, 1 hlefs God, I do en- 
joy perfc6k health; and I have fmce 
been the happy father of nine children. 

George Spearing. 

Qnennvicb HoffUaU ^^S' '» *793- 

P.S, The above narrative i? a plain fim* 
pic matter of fa£ls, and itffords a very 
ufeful leffon to mankind, T/1'jk. never to 
give "way to defpondcpcy be 'their firua- 
tion ever fo deplorable : let ihcm confi. 
dtnily rely on Almighty Providence, 
.and 1 fincertly wiflj, ind doubt nor, but 
.their mis^^ftuues will terminate as iiap- 
piiy as mine, G. S. 

On thr 20TH OF Seftkmber, 1769. 

Almiglity God ! who, on this day, 

My life ^i^^m death didft favv. 
To jVce I now prefume to pray, 

A;ul fviti re bleflings crave. 

Oil ! grant 1 ever may confefs 

riiy RooUncfs fliewn to me ; 
\V fh '^uitr.fiil he;»rt anil tonsne cxprefs ^ 

Tin- ptaife that 's i!ue to thee. 

Whiic in the tJremy pit J Ir.y 
^Jy life I'uou dnili iull.tiik ; 



And, to my comfort I may fay. 
Thou gav'ft refrefbing rain. 

In thts, thy providential cai^e 
Is to the world made known. 

And te.tches us to Ihun defpair ; 
For, t!»on art God alone. 

T)ie;:, f:iKe niy hfe thou didd prefie 
Oh i Ccaeli rue how to hve ; 

Let mc not from thy precepts fwcnr 
This ble fling to mc give. 

So will I ynrlv, on this day, 
Mv f.r.iteful rributc hrmg. 

In humble thanks, to fliee alway, 
My Saviour, God, and King ! 



ANinI 
thre 



Mr. U«BAN Ju 

ifniiLition vourFebruar 
irew out againft me be 
fo!e ground on which a wr'ic 
494. of your June M<«gaz'ne.< 
wiiat he does not piofcfs to hai 
no apology is due tor my iroubl 
with the following thoughts on 
crntioui publications as relate 
Birmingham Rtots, In my lette 
duincfs and vatious inaccur^ci 
be discovered ; but I defy An 
himfelf to po:nt out any thing li 
Some lawyers draw the line of 
aifU writings fo wide as to t&V 
moll every modern dedicator, b] 
a!» an infiance " the praifing ai 
for qual ties for which he is 
means diftinpuiihed :" on ih»s 
whenever tMlhdious patrons foil 
example of Horace'^ C«cl*r, •* t 
ji palpif, recaUttralj' Newg« 
fwairn wrh cringing authors 
narrow the definition as we wil 
rious charges, the truih of whi 
not be proved, icnding at the fa 
to dilturb the peace, are on aF 
allowed to fall under judicial 
xincc ; let us now fee how far 1 
plus to your corrtfpondenr, w 
himfelf ** Chriftianus" on tl 
principle, I take for granted, 
ibetoricians derive ** lu(us a 
ciMc/Of'* and his •• rffpiQabU*' , 
J. M. Of all calumniators, tl 
abominable are they who calumi 
opprciTed \ it is extremely uc 
him whofe windows are compofi 
brittiell materials to be ovei- 
throwing (\ones at thofc of othi 

The words on which 1 mop 
diately lay my hand, as contain 
lignant infeiences drawn from 
ids aifi-rtions, are, ** the caufei 
Riots arc wtll known, and tlie 
to the ConCtiiurion may thani 



I79S*3 



Jbmrii m t3tU *Mi tiMti 701 



• dbacr M' mIiWiu lb* RcvcdotMa im ritj. •Ttrf pofEWe fttcoln of cvMcbm 

Frun ftcwcd so Bon anBitt to ib« agaipft ih« &fiVr«r* w*i obniocd ■ jc^ 

BfitiA CosRinituiB tb«a At uii «f oar tt tha cipiniioo of two jrcan, h(i do. 

clergy in Favoaraf iha Fiaach iBiifniiir Maf btco prodocMl to crimlDiic ihcni; 

4oe* at ibii period ■ the fncttiiagt of The didognc of Calibia and biiaBo- 

lb« Naiunaf AflcnUy vert (io bac- cuttt najr faava fug^cftcd to kledrcd 

uaacd bjibcuafortuaaiaLoaii, thongh fpiriu aa Idea that it ii caff to prevail 

' ttprobatcd bj a majority of pticBi 1 o*er the cochantcr after dapuvioK bia 

SagUod wa* on ainicabic tern* with ef hii booki ; bot, ihotigb a fcriei of 

ber neigbbouri, Itc. profaflcd not to perfccuiioDtthoDlddiiTca diftiDguiOied 

iateifete with ibeJT toicraal goTcm- nhilofopher weai; of fojouraiag "" j> 

neat at tjRfcBt, the face of ibiaii ii Mefecb and dwttliog in tbt itau of 

•lieicdi hiUMJudgcBiMtUBbedrawn Kcdar," to cad hii da]t» iu. tnmotm 

ftooi fMcbrublequcDtCTentiatibc wifeA qutner of the eloba, itcaa B«*tt becz> 

MTc incapable of farelaatDg. The fole pcfird that " t^e mantle" of ihii CRat 

mtrrtd caofe of the liuc wai ibe brotal objea of cavy to the rieopbast and tb« 

Autkirm of a tory nobi whoever illitctaie will ever make it* appearaac* 

kaowt other caufet will defaive iht ui any Binninghim Sanfaedrini. 
tkiak* of hi) country by diftlofing The iwoqne&iopi propolcd lo me at« 

them. At real " Enrmiea to the Con- To extraoidiaary that ihcjdtlcrve rather 

liiiilios/' even ihey, wbo ^uodci and to be aatired in order to cxpofe tbem? 

dtSroy, muft yield ptectdCnce to ihoCe felvei tbao to receive any lofwer t your 

vbo, after men'* mindi have had lime C4r{|(y««coircfpoDdcni,tftcrquotiegiba 

10 cool, exult in lurh outrageii among " rifftSmtk" J> M.'i exulution over 

thoh who may ihmkihcmfclvct foribe ihefe fcenci of diabolicil otnti^t, in- 

tSifii, IF ihcy fed ittiSiatMi for it- ftinth turni Oiort round igiin, and, 

nigci fall hcsiy on ibtir tflaiet, majr paying tae ihe compliment of ihlnking 

be sutnbcicd fuch roigidratti ai, pro- that my opinion mull be diameirically 

.fifling "heir aiiachmini lo what ihcy oppofitc, alkt me wlitther, •' if Haujt 

tilled " pacific mtafurca," lefufctlCap^ mi to bi dtmitifnd,'' i had not railicr 

tiin Makwcll'i fpiriled uSer to ct>IU£t they were thole of my friendi \" and, 

and head the foldiert inihciotva, and "it the rioii wen: on a rcligiuui ac- 

omitted reading the RIoi-Aa, whether Gouoi, why the DiBVnccri vieit mi-Btr 

ibtir conduA proceeded Fiom ihcir fcari malcHed bcfoie f The prcliminaty to 

arlhcic prejudices: but, nodoubt, in>ioy tint laitcliilin, " iFHuulei arc to be dc- 

ablamelelt tiadcrman oaci hit ruin to moliflicil," rctguirei niutli cKplan;itiaa . 

tke. t ran fail inn t of that day, »tiich hcFore uny thoite can be made i " I'll, 

J. M- calli " a dirpt-filion in ihe pjb- mtiitra piiif" is ihc natural and mott 

Jicmind, however irrrfji/nr/y txpiclicd obvious Itniimenti ^ the Prcfbyletlana 

ID repel all " infulls on the happy con- certainly tame ncii under the defLrip- 

filtuiiOD of (hiir country." II buiniog iiun of itiulc '■ on tvhom the Toner of 

the lioufcs of peaceful ciciiens, whuFc Siloani felt," tn all human ^ppeaiance, 

feft diffcrt frdin oui own, be a gtod by mete accident] not, i trull, iviU 

dirpofiiioo irrtguiarly exp[e{ritl, Ihe iliey at any time be Bumbered among 

catting their ihruaii, or beating uutihcir iliolc " uhtife blood Pilaic mingled wiib 

braini, will as ealily be mitig.icd int^ their faciitices;'' we may, in the mean 

'* uking ralbir too great a lilieriy uiih litne, rclt faliided ijiat Itiey were not 

tbcm." Were I to arcnbe my haliily " finnert 4bovc all men that dwelt ta 

giving an .impcifefi tTacfctipt of ihc Jcrulalcm." IF the inlcirugatory be 

ab«ve foul palTage lo icnderiiuf't or de- tlill pulbcd, J wuuid fjy (but not from 

Jicacy, t fliould aCl the hy|>ociiie: but any leveling ptinciple), '*if the favagei 

to tali 11 " unfair" it the gtolFt:!! per- of Biimingliam are lo repeat theft h'.i- 

vcilioo of language i the truth is, my ror>, may they fpaie buili my fticndi 

tailed a date, fur want of ['ufr.cieiilly Table foTthcm to nrcck ihcir brutal luiy 

ttbfcrving where the Uiue pinches, was on iliofe of higher rank, for. tbn 0(1- 

owiog to rnadvciteDcc or Ilupidity, vioui tcaron, becaufc tiiiir luS'<:iin^t 

noft probably tu a m'xture of bvth. »uuld claim immcdiaic atientimi, ai.d 

Sy the rioiiri Uculinj; and depuliiing eieiiipUrypunilbment, followed up bj a 

priviie letitis Mm tiom ihc blazing niicdlaiy cii<|uiry into the luuree of luiU 

(■wri of Dillcntiri in ibe handi at /licit icpeuted mitchiefs, wuiiU yiicfi t-VAi. uH 

a* utafmitud them to thole la au(iii>. il.c hcelt of tliG uainl£i<i&'li\ \ W -silwnv 



fM MmMrti m LiMs md l^iHt. [Aag« i 

td Pleheiaat juftice n hard of acccft, iiiight» like the wild Iadl)iDl» hiTt 

but ftatefmen and fenattt vie vvith each flattered himfelf with the hopes of fat* 

#thcr ia preffing forward to avenge ail ceediog to the virtues and abtliues of 

iajnries doaa to thoft of (heir own his vanquilhed foe ; bat aiming at mSf 

order." who am within the fame pale^ andy like 

My aflailant't fecoad queftion (*' why Naaman, have alwajrs profefled to bow 

the Dtflenters were never molefted be- down in the houie of Rimmoa, il 

lore ?") carries tea-fold abfurdity oa throwins; away fo much powder and 

the very face of it ; I will not turn to ihoc in (laying the (lain. If I ** con ao 

Keal's 9iftory of the Puritans to (hew. thanks," as he quaintly expreffes it» to 

that;' daring the reigns of Elizabah and '• the Enemy of Pcrfecatioa," for poial* 

Ihi Stuarts, they were under a ftries of ing me out as an objed of bis refent* 

ptrfe^tioos diverfiBed by fome inter* nent, be .may be aflured thasv ia raifing 

vals ; the meaning mud be, ** why have my feeble voice to alTert the caalb n 

fonrfcora years intervened ({nee the humanity, I am as little 'difpofed to 

hkfid days of Saeheverell without any fliun cenfure as to court praife. No* 

confpicnoQS renewal of hoflilities?"*^ thing can be more immaterial than hit 

While Sir Robeit Walpole, the two eom paring me to the cbi{d, or the rep* 

l^elhams, or Lord Chatham, prefided tile to the prelate thundering down hit 

at the helm, the repeated inftances Dif* charge furrouaded by a groiipe of fleeo* 

lenters had* given of their attachment to ing clergymen, or the featon raifing the 

the Houfe of Brunfwick were too frclh flave fron^ Stern hold over the dead | 

in the minds of tbofe ftatefmen to futfer neither the one nor the other of theft 

them to be trodden under foot with im- likeneiTes will, in the fmalleft degree^ 

punity I a parliamentary enquiry would, elate or deprefs my fpirlts, 

BO doubt, have been Ci>untenanced. A In fome European nations, fpies ara 

imalf portion of common renfe will in- fti|iioned in their public coflee-houfes} 

form thofe who are not determined to and, if a gentleman "of warm temper 

dofe their eyes againft all evidence, utter unguarded eiprcfTions at a tine 

that, if Mr. Whitbread't motion had when the witnelTes themfelves cannot 

been acceded to, it had clearly been f>ro* agree in their report whether he be 

cd, by a full and impartial difculfion that drunU or fuber, he it impr^oaed, piU 

the riot originated in the madnefs of an loried, turned out of his prof^ifioa. 

High Church mob, without any latent buuod over to confiderable bail, and, to 

layftery of wickednefs ; it muft have clol'e the fcene, commanded, with bit* 

tended to narrow inftead of widening ter farcafms, to remember the exceU 

the breach, by removing a variety of lence of the Conftitution under which 

injurious fufpicions, which, from its he t'uffers all thefe things. 

being' thrown out with an high hand. Let us turn our eyes from the capital 

-could not fail to acquire additional to one of thofe provincial diftri^s which 

ftrength. ^ weats the afpedt of being -in a lingular 

The expreflionf of '* Toothing them as degree prieft-ridden. Suppofe a writer^ 

a mifchievous boy going to torment obnoxious to the mitred lages of the 

ibme poor animal," applied to the Bir- land, ftands fo firm in innocence that 

sningbam magiftraies* addrefs to the ri- the common-law cannot reach one hair 

oters, is fetting the outrages committed of his head; ftarioncd in a college qua<» 

by the latter in what fome will think drangle he is equally fecure from perfc- 

too ludicrous a point of view : not that cuting mobs, who cannot approach hit 

cruelty can, properly fpeaking, ever be dwelling without violating the roofs of 

ludicrous, whether exercifed by peers, deans and prebends. Yet (hall not he 

or priefts, or button- makers ; be its ob- thus efcape. A numerous confpiracy of 

jea to (he poor beetle '* whom we tread Levites is formed to hunt him down, 

tipon," or the more loathed feparatill His enemies rout out from the duft or 

fiom a domineering hierarchy. Wit, pedaiftry, where it has ilept for ages, a 

like fome of our fwampy grounds, has ftatute dt concionibus, io worded as tq 

been fo affefted by the drought as to take in any thing, or every thing. Jefua 

grow putrid and offenfive : fimiles run- exhorted the Jews who rcje£^ed bis tef* 

ning fcarce, the above was thought timony *' to (carch the Scriptures:" but 

choice enough to ferve two^purpoles, the chairman of this court, according 

being originally aimed at me. Could to the trial publilbcd by hisown Beadle^ 

Chntihiis have leveJJed fome, eminent with a peculiar tmphafi*, warns hift hear* 

fghj/inatick, fuch as Dr, PricAley, ht tiS} mo^ot xU^ta VVu^^\a\ \xi vYi^^X^^^ ^ 



ff9S*] Dw/flUMm rf Pm^Rtii/lirt itlm$ ptAMf fmnL ^of, 






*«< to Uwttn «f cBttrisg* bto itHg^t cilenUittd to iadnee ngiNrt aad ciMiv 

Matramfy." With cIm kolj leer of « depatict to prvft for m rvtoni •! theft 

PwMclr, h« eoMlodci b? ftitii^ing certtficatet \ aor. eowderbg tht lictto 

Jw ayiiiftil to recwrt pabHdy \ tlicper* chabce there it. •ratytoielaaieBClikelf 

lieMeJ ab i t ft of their itlkey wkh ■ taw to tcaue from tlie coftodyaf the pa* 

MMaamhrfj^ritrefBletyaadikbaalthcd. ^.pertv wat it to be ezpeftcd tl&at thcv 

Tha iibanl. aathor of the Toer would be dulf irranged» aadjcart^llj 

Arovgh Spaia^ htrolelf a beaeBced eler* prefenred. Whether, under ibela m» 

Kiaa, bUerrett tliat '■ the original eonraging inuendot, it will be adttiabla 

■ifitioat aader the appellation of the to fearch ihe Coofiibfj ofioa at Wia« 

Spiritiial Court* till ezlflt ia Bogland." eheOer, ia order to alccmta tba repra* 

Towaread't Travelt, vol. II. p. 331. ieatative of Sir Bogb Middeltoa, iuUt 

A leaded hierarchy, founded, according be fabaihted to the deliberation of yoaa 

ta Lord Shaftelbnry't idea, on the mo- c6nrerp(iadentiW«aBdPBAHAP»yp.4i9W 

Icl of Egyptiaa and Afiatic priefthoodt^ P. 416, col. a, !• 33* The late Mri* 

■ly eoannae to tbriTe 1 but all partiet Betenfbn was lifter, aot e a Aii UM, of Sir 

aKagrtedthatRcligion it rapidly dedi* Richard Btteafon.. Her be^aeia am 

alag aiAong ai \ the caufet of itt decline noticed in vol. LVIIL pp* lesa, 1 ia3f 

ioat 9^. the furfitce^ and are by no imi, and vol* LIX p. lv% 



Iteaat amoa^ thole truth t which it it 
icnifite to dive deep In queft of. 

At aa early period of the 1 8ih oea* 
Offy, thit aation exhibited one Sacheve 



ibid. coL a, I. aa, lor chmrUm laaA 
Chrift. 

P. 5t3, col. a, 1. 4 from the iMtcMB^ 
Dr. Mofa, who publiflied a Icrmoa 



mi aad the very name hat been hi- Heb.xii. 3, wat not a if#«^f he wat 

tbeitu proverbially ufed to iignify un- deaa of Sly. 

huered virulence and bigotry t bat,' in P. 518, col. i^ 1. 40, for StrMifirdf r.. 

tliefe dayt, wherever we ftition our- ' Dartford. Mr. Lambe was rcfior o€ 

tttei, from the Land's-end to the mar- Ridley, fituated about fevcn mile% co 

gia of the Tweed, thoufandt of Sachet the South of Dartford. In that neigh* 

verellti like the levered limbs of the bourhood the culture of buroet wat fooa 

ptlypot, thicken round usi they not difcontioued, the plant, upon a farther 

only infeft fvery column of our p«riodi- trial, not anfwering to the fanguine re* 

■ ■a* ■ • a'^ §• 4 c * P * ^ % ^ ^ *i 



ctl publications, but difgrace our pul- 
pits, by rendering fcrmoos, like the an- 
tient comedies cenfured by Horace, 
laert vehicles of unfeemly iove^ives 



ports made of its ftuitfuloefs and utility 
by Meflfrt. Rocquc apd Lamb. 

From the Maidftone Journal, Juneit. 
" At A meeting of the Kentilh Society on 



againft thofe fefis and individuals who Thurfday laft, the fbUowing very >-aluabia 

ire aoc fufiic'ientlf obfequious to them, obfcrvations were communicated by Mr. 

Yourt, &c, L« L. Hunt, gardener, oftbi^town. 

—■■■ — » « A great cuftom has of late years pre- 

Mr. Urban, June %%, vailed in thefe parts among gentlemen, 

THOUGH the Regifter of the parilh fportfmcn, aiid game-keepers, in delb-nymg 

of St. Laurence, in Wmchefter, is the difliBreat fpccics of martens or fw;iibws, 

milEng, pirkm^ fome of the infcriptions which entirely live upon the wmg, and aie 

that were in it may be eatant in the Re- ^'^f ^ ^ l^^en m this country during tlm 

giiry of that diocefe, it being ordered, »»-«^»"« '"^'^ °f ^^"""f I }^!: !?\~" 

& tlie 70ch canon of .60,, that the '"P.^^^' !l^i^ ^'^^'^ ^^ ^'j'^^^^^^ 

cZurchmrdeni (ball every year tranfmit ^»^>^'° '^"^^ ^^ ^^^ greatly dtmmilhed. 



and chat the prefent year produces infinitely 
lefs tlian cnn be remembered in any prece- 
ding one*. This diminuiion is attributed, 
in parr, to the wanton havock made of them 
by pra^itioners and o:hers with cheir guit«y 
who, without reflexion, dedroy what Pro- 
vidence fcnt for a great purpofe. By (hoot- 
ing the old birds, the neftlings are in conle- 



to the bilbop, or his chanceller, a true 
copy of the names of the perfons chrif- 
icned, married, or buried, in their pa- 
rilhes, during the preceding year. Frr- 
k^i it the proper term^ iiiice the ex- 
tract iiMy or may not be found in the 
abuvemencioned place, it being well 

known chat this injund^ion ha^ aot bc«n quence deftroyed ; which, when udded to a 
regaUf ly complied with, as well becaufe number of the latter loft in che fcis by mi- 
churchwardens are not always willing gration for the winter, unitedly aflign a juft 
« defray the charge of making the ^ According to A Southern Fau.nft, in 
iraalcripis, as that they are to be re- ^jj pj^^t ,»£ the country, " the hirundinti at« 
ceived at the office without a fee. Such this fcAfoo moft exc^edmiX^ ii>imw^at!ir 
a ceAtiaiao d«# not /ecm toJia re ^cn F. 49 3 , coL 1 , knt 10 it^m \\\^ Wto«i, 



704 Rntmrls iti Percy's C$lUaion wf Aittitni Ballads^ X Aug* 



reafon for th«ir great dacreafe. Minute ob- 
.fervers calculate, that one of thefe birds dailf 
4eftroys (bme hundreds of moths, flieS| and 
other infe^, parenu of the alarmin}{ f ivarms 
of caterpillars, grubs,' &c. that of late have 
committed fuch di(a(lers in the giirdensand 
fields on vegetation in generaL It is eameftly 
hoped that the ahove-defcribed gentlemen 
will difcoiitinue (hooting ordeftroying any 
fwallow, marten, fwift, or other bird, 
which feed in flight:. their humanity and 
forbearance towards this valuable and inof- 
fenfive part of the feathered creation, will 
ferve to reduce the very noxious infers 
which annually infeft the Britiih iflands." 

Mr. Uriah, July ^o, 

OBSERVING in your Ua Maga- 
ziDC, p. 536, an intimation of an 
intention to re-publiih Dr. Percy's ele- 
^n: Coile£lion of Ent^liih Ballads (a 
Coltef^ion which, T venture to predi£t, 
will remain a ftandard book, while the 
wurg ftriiily accura*e compilationi of a 
pavifi antiquary or two are forgotte,n), 
I have fcnt you a few remarks on that 
work; and, if you think 6t to infert 
them, will continue my obfervations on 
a future occaiion, ' Not having the ho- 
nour to be known to the refpcftabie pre* 
late abovemcntioned, I have no other 
way of introducing to him my com- 
ments; which, however, be may per- 
b^s not think worthy of his notice. 

Yours, &C. NUGATOR. 

Vol. I. — 1 ihall obferv.', in this place, 
that Mr. Capell. in the Addenda to the 
School of Sh.kfpeare, has cxtra6^ed fe- 
veral ballads from Dr. Percy's Collec- 
tion ; but, ' for feme reafon which I 
have not difcovered, be docs not think 
fit to name him ; only in a note on 
Hamlet, in his hrft volume of Notes, 
p. 133, he fays, they are t^iken from 
** a lare publication." Mr. Thomas 
Warton has alfo many ballads in com- 
mon with Dr. Percy, without acknow- 
ledEcment of the obligation. 

A coileflion of thefe things has been 
recommended by very great names. 
*' Un rccuiiil de vaudevilles (fays Me- 
nage) eft une piece des plus nucefTaires 
i lUn hiftorien c|ui veut ecrire (incere- 
ment. (Mcna^iana, vol. II. p. 227, 
etiit. 1695). ^^^ ^3 Monnoyc, the 
learned editor of that work (vol. IV. p. 
181, edit. 1716}, cites, for examples of 
authors to whom they have been of ufe, 
Suetonius and Braatome. Baylc makes 
a (imilar obfervation: Oeuvres, torn. I. 
pp. 221, 300 ; Nouvcllcs de la Repub- 
iique de Lettrcs, Fevr. 1685, art- 2. 
A ptUTage ftom Burton's Aaacomy of 



Melancholy (1638, p. 536) tallica* 
ble to the fubjed of thit colleaion» 
** Rufticks have their waket, Whitfoa, 
ales, fliepberd'sofeafts, meeting on ha- 
lidays, country-dances, roundelays. ..^ 
Inft^ad of odes, epigrams, and clegiesi 
they have their ballads, country- 
tunes: 

.*' O,thebroome,thebonnieboaiue^roome— t 

ditties, and fongs: 

<< Befle a BeU 
She doth excell— 

They rouft write likewife^ and indite in. 
rhvme; 

** Thou honey-fuckle of the hawthorn hedge, 
Vouchiafe in Cupid's ctip my heart to pledge; 
My heart's dear blood, fweet Cis 1 is thy ca- 

roufc. 
Worth all the ale in Gammer Gnbbin's houfe. 
I fay no more, affairs call me away ; 
My father's horfe for provender doth (lay. ' 
Be thou ** the LaJy Crrfflrgbt** to me, 

« Sir Trolly Lo!!/' will I prove to thee. 
Written in hafte. — Farewell, my cowilip 

fweet. 
Pray let 's a' Sunday at the alchoufe meet. 

S, R. 1600." 

This paffage not only exhibits a pi£^ure 
of ruftic manners two centuries ago, but 
it alfo pieferves the names of fevcrai 
ballads unnoticed by Percy. 

Among thofc ballads which have not 
been publifred by Dr. P. is a pretty one 
byWichers; of which Hearne has cited 
the following plaintive Oanza in hit 
notes on Newbery : 

** In fummer-time, to Medley 

My love and I would go t 
The boat- men there flood ready 
My love and 1 to row. 
For creame there would we caU, for caltes, 
for pruiues too ; [loo." 

But now, alas ! (he has lef( me— falero^ lero, 

Mf. Ritfon has publiihed this. 

I will notice one more old fong un.* 
mentioned by Percy. In 5 Ed^vard III. 
a difpute arofe between Rnlph Nevil 
and the priory of Durham concerning 
the offering of a (lag on the day of the 
iuTCDtion of the crofs j ** whereupon," 
fays Dugdale, ** grew an old fong in 
rithme, as a lamentation for Robert de 
Nevil, his great graodtather : 

** Wei 1 wa *, All ys homes blaw 
Holy rode ihisf day ; 

Non as he dede, and lies law 
Was wont to blaw them ay." 

V Baronage, vol. I. p. 293. . 

Eflay on the Minftreis. Many parti- 
culars might be added to this elegant 

* f. WcViL vra. -t 1 Holy roode'^ day. 



1793-] ttmMrh iHihibfl EStitn rf Percy'i Antimi Bdlladi.' 705 

ftu*t Older •r cIm Gamrt vol. If. p. 
t83» Coiif. |i^ joo. Fran t&it.it woald 
teoi Uitt miiftrtU w«r» porfiiivaBtt at 
armai and k mifliicaftly ba flicwD,4hat 
fcveral jMri a of rha ofica or n herald^ 
arc derived froM hit SDiicnc capiicirir of 
a mioftrel : thus beratdt aod miaflrelt 
are joined together ta tlic llatDte of 
anof (lb. p. S94) I and in a Scotch fta«.> 
cute of 1471 (lb. p. 441). Now, Mr. 
Anftit fliewi, p. aSa, that an analogy 
wat always under flood 10 exift between 
hcralda and the derttji and ibis will 
ferve to eflabliflitba&nnczion between 
minftreli and ecclefiaflicka contended 
ior bj Dr. Percy in the tait. 

P^ xliT. Soma information relatiYC to 
the joD|[leun may be -colleAed from 
Pctrarch't curioui, but angry* defcrtp* 
tion of them, in the Memoirs of hia 
Lila by M. I'AbbC de Sade» vol. III. 
p, 6$s I A paffsgc which is noticed by 
Harrington, Obf. aac* Stat. p. 50A, 
where he lafeia hie reader, *«for hia 
fuller fatitfadioo,'* to thia <*mofllMrn. 
ed diflertation of Mr. Percy'i.*' An 
HuD^aiian chronicle (cited pf Gibbon, 
Rom. Utft. vol. V^ p. 548), meo:ioiis 
the '* gMrrului cantut j(M;ulararum." 
The chroniclers were giaerally monks 1 
a coofiderati«»n which' will account for 
the uie of this contemptuous epithet, 
for the fame res (on, I luppofe the au* 
thor of Flf ta to have been ao eccicfiaf- 
tick (as indeed oioft lawvers in thar 
early age were); for, in his zd book, 
cap, 71, he fays, that the lord of a ma- 
nor ought to follo%v his own counfel ra- 
ther than that of ** cujuflibet voluncarii"* 
juvenis, mencflrain vei adulatoris.** I 
will beg leave to add oae more inflaoce. 
]n Jocelin's Life of St. Keniigern, cap. 
37, i« a tiory of a jocmlsiar of the King 
of Ireland, who came to the court of 
Rederech [Roderick], King of Cam- 
bria [btrathduyd], ct fee the magnifi- 
cence of that monarch 1 and, being ad- 
mitted into the hall, he aiajra p/mlUbmt 
im lym^MMO & cjttbura. For bis reward, 
this j^mimif, who is alio called hjfifio, 
demanded neither filvcr nor gold, of 
which, he i'aid, there was plenty in Ire- 
land [this was about A.X>. 5S0], but 
fome ripe mulberries ; which the faint, 
by a miracle, for it waa in tbe depth of 
wmter, furnilhed. The monkifii bto« 
grapher cannot help having a fling at 
the profetfion of minflreU : ** tanto> ' 
fays he, ** hujufmodi miutfi$r in ocuiii 



diflrrtoHoo froai \hm ad volwna^of Dr. 
SiNnicy*b Hiftoiy of Mulick, c g. p. (69. 

P. SBV. This ftory of King AnUff, 
who vcntbfid into Athalllnn'a camp in 
iM habir^ n miofrcl, ia told by La* 
Jaod of n king of SeoilMid, who prae- 
ttlird this flratagem while Athelflan lay 
in bit tcnu bebde York. Colleaanea, 
Tol. II. part I. p. 3. 

P. axi. On the Angular ufe of 'min* 
II I els in raiding the &gc of Rhydian, 
fee Govgh's Camdeo, iqI. H. p- 439- 

P. axaiii. Some liishc it throwp upon 
the condition of minflrels in the tim*e of 
Edward II. by a proclamation 19 the 
ninth year of hit reign (printed in L«- 
Inod's Coll. vol. VI. p. 36), regulating 
the. number of difliet which frould be 
fcnred up at dinners 1 in the preamble 
to which, after reciting the luxury 
which had of old been pled, it is added, 
'* and befydet this, bccio/c many idle 
perfooa* under colour of .w^mjhttjlt • . . . 
hsiTe bra, and yet be, rjeccavcd in other 
■irn-s houfcs'to meate and dry oka, and 
be not therwith contented yf they be 
not larccly confydered «^irh gyftes of 
the lordcs of the houfes." And it is 
provided, that'* to the houfcs of pre- 
lates, carles, and baroos, none refort to 
meate and drynkk, uniefs he be a myn- 
0rel : and of thefc mynArelt, that there 
come none except it Ise thre or fmire 
iwyjr^rr/f »f b^nomr at the moft» in one 

day, unleU he be delired and to the 

houfcs of meaner men none come unlefs 

he be defired and if sny one do 

aeainft this ordinaurtce, at the firlte 
time he to lofe his minflrelfie, and at 
the fecond ryme ro forfiveare his crnfte, 
and never to be receaved for a minilrel 
in any boufe." It is obvious that this 
is a tranfl^rion % or, ac leaft, that the 
Orthography and fVru£lure of the fen- 
te aces' has been accommodated to the 
time when it was firfl printed, which 
feems to have been about the beginning 
of ({tteen Elisabeth's reign. 

P. xxxiv. Rymer has preferved a pa- 
tent by Edward IV. 1469, conflitufing 
a corporation of minflrels ; and a flmilar 
one in ii Car. U See Burney's Uiftory 
of Mufick, vol. 11. 

P. xti. In the " Compotns Garde- 
robe," IS Edward III. is an enrry, 
** Magiflro Conrad, regi heraldorum, 
. It decern ALUS msMiJiraiiij t** and af« 
terwards, " Ludekino regi heraldorum 
Alcmannie, et Ludekino Piper minif- 
trallo doniini imperatoris, facientibus 
fa€atttt»iHa/n fuani coram regc," An* 

Gmht. Mao. Jtif£.u/, 1793, 



» v» e. vrAlv)\. 



^u^\%^\\>\t^ 



7o6 



Contlnuathn pf Two Months T*ur in Scotland. [Aug, 



aiidientium scceptior efle confuevir, 
quanto eos in cocbronot fc Terbii rifum 
moventia, ampliut conciuverit.'* Jocelin 
wrote about 1180. The abhorrence in 
which atVori have ever beeYi held by 
the Popifli and Prtlhvierian clergy 
(rh*s is not the only inflance in which 
Peter and Jick have inet) fcems to 
have oneinatcd in this enmitv bct^veen 
the minOrel^ and monks. I have q'lo- 
trri this pnCC^ge the rather because it 
contains an earlier piflure of this race 
of men, and of the edeem in which 
thev were held, than any, except one, 
of Dr. Percy's. 

Two Months Tour ih Scotland. 
(Concluded fr^m p, 51 3-) 

THOUGH the month of July wtit 
now ctmcluded, and though the 
ratives of Invernefs were inclined to 
compliment the feafon on account of its 
jj^tniai warmth, I fmind my apartment 
chill and com fort lefs without h Hre at 
bre^kfaft-rime and fupper, peat is the 
vfuil, and, I believe, almoft the pnly, 
fuel to be met with here, g^ininj; ad- 
mliion even into the drawing rooms 
and dreiring-rOt>ms of famit es of the 
firfl tank and lafhion in thefe neigh- 
hiiurliooJs : it 4ft, however, of a pretty 
grod forr, and, after a little ufe, of no 
very uA^nlive fmell. But whatever, in 
point of warmth, may be wanting to 
the fommer in thit climate, is abun- 
dantly made up to it in daylight, there 
hcinj; Itcerally no pofitive night during 
t^c foitnight, nearly, that I refided 
heic, nor were the twilights at any 
titne (o obfcure but that I could eafily 
liave read any common print; and yet, 
it ftems, the heiglit of the luminous 
fc^fon had been piit about a fortnight 
bc'foie our commg. 

Of 'the inhabitjiiti of Tnvernefs the 
imprtflion leniaming on my mind is, 

■ time they were a (eniible, civilized, and 
fvber people { decent in their dicis, dif- 
erect in tluir converfation, and, though 
commeuddbly frugal, by no means ine- 
legant, in their mode of enitnainment. 
TUrir brckktai^, indeed, as ik the caie, 
I believe, through ail the North of 
Sc«)t'aod, was rather too c»'ft y, abun- 
dant, and fubftiniial, confifting <«f con- 
fervas of various kinds, e^gs, dried tifh, 
hnrn, hunj; beef, and, together wi:h the 
tc«i anJ c'rfce, the dangerous addition 
<if' Hit^tl e<( vv<«teis. It will readily be 
c;.\MC-.i'ed that 1 dc(cribe a biiakfall to 
ivhtch I was tnv:tcd, and, as reaJily, 

iJjse n exceeded ihc pcepst'diioa uf a 



mere domfHic meal ; it doubtlefs was 
intended to do honour to a ftranger; 
and gratitude compels me tocoofcfs my 
obligations, not only to the gentleman 
who fhewed me this mark of refpe^, 
but to feveral others alfo, for their ho« 
fpitalities, attentions, and ufeful iofor* 
maiion. 

My friends at length returned to me 
from their expedition through Caith* 
ncfs to the 

Ni^ ra littora, Tbyles^ S T A T I V s ; 
or, in vulgar language, Johnny Groats't 
houfe; which, in fpite of fatigura, and 
ill accommodations, unequalled, I %i^ 
prehend, by any we experienced in com- 
pany, their perfeveripg fpirits, vivacity, 
and good-humour, had made at amu- 
fing to them as their narratives rendered 
it afterwards agreeable to me. But 
with thit extrehifty of our i(Uod having 
made no experimental or perrooal ac- 
quaintance, it wiU readily be allowed 
me, doubtlefs, not to pretend to de« 
fcribe it 

Leaving Invernefs, where our horlet 
h^d enjoyed a mod leficfhing reH (my 
friends having perfoimed their journey 
abtivemcntioned on others hired for rhe 
purpufe, of lefs weight, hardier, and, 
betides, accudomed to the rough wayt 
and frequent quagmiren of Ciithnefs), 
we turned our faces Wefttvard, and, 
after (kirting along the Nefs for about 
(ix miles, reached the Nonh-eaft extre* 
mity of the loch, whence that river 
draws both its waters and its name. » 

It has already heen recommended to 
travellers through countiics fuch as thii 
to flop occafionaily, and tutn their eyes 
towards the quarter whence thty came, 
the fcencry varying at almoft every 
ftep, and the mountains perpetoally 
fo ming ihemfelvcs into fielh arrange* 
ments; fome, as tt were, w\thdratving, 
others piclfmg forward, and all exhi- 
biting ihemjclves in new and unexpeQ«d 
points of view. The advantages of tlilt 
retro(pe£tive pra£lice were very ams- 
jingly experienced by us in our prefenc 
ride, and will, it is hoped, be admitted 
in excufe fur this repetiti<m. 

Our ro.td ran along the margin of 
L*)ch Neff, through a continued grove 
of beech-rrees ; (oiitetimes parfutng the 
level, and attaching itfelf clofeiy to the 
Writer's edge; f'oii.etimes turning oflT, 
and clitiibink^ high abi»ve it; whilft, as 
a chiiin of tnouoiains rofc precipitately 
on our left, ex''ludini( every piurpt& 
but what rhemlclvcs afforded, towdirds 
the i>^Hi \Ue c^c V4A% Ux. Uulc to range 



1 793-) ^>'« Pnedley, — Biblical Critique. — S/r Tliomas More. 707 

over tlie whole furfare of the loch, or who ilcrcafcd, lie thinks, iinme<.li^tcly 
to rcpoJe up<m iti f^rihcr fhoie, not lefs after Bcnhadad had defeated his inicn- 
mountainuus, though of far inferior lions of re. building Ramah. Other 
beauty. Jcwifli and eminent modern writers take 
Having advanced a hour eight miles, the 36th year of A/a for the 36ih year 
or one-thiid part of the whole length of 0/ the kingdom of Ju(iab\ which the 
Loch-Ncfs, on a rockv point, piojc6l- Bilhop adopts on 1 Kine^ xvi. 8; to 
ing forward,, and forming one Hdo of a both which parts of his Commentary I 
fore of bay, the ruins of Caulc Urqu- refer at large. P. P. 
halt command regard. This callle was ■■ 
builc by the family of Comynsr one of Mr. Urban, Aug. lo. 
\\hi>m, lord of Badenoch, put in his TN anfwer to X.Y. who feeks to con- 
claim to the thione of Scotland in the •*• ciliate z Chron. xvi. i, where it is 
disputed fucceifioD betwixt Baliol and faid that BaaOia, King of Ifrael, came 
Biuce.on the one band, and Lord Haf- up againft Judah, &c. in the fix-and- 
tings on the other. It is fiid originally twentieth yearofAfa,I3*{J^/{J^ HJE^Il 
to hftve boafted feven tovicrs, of which J>fD{< fTiD^^ZD*? Jl^B^l— with iK«ngs 
one only remains, to frown in folitary jvi. 8—13 ; whence we learn that Elab, 
l:atc, and auRmtnt the gloomy gran- the foo of BiaOia, fucceeded to the 
dtur of the hme. Of the reft ic was ih,onc on the dcaih of his father, in the 
rrnb:«bly difm^inilrd ei»her by thofe twcntyfixth year of Af^, HJC^^ 
Wel(b or Irilii foices which our firft ^j^^^ ^^^ ^^^ Dntt^y-*ud 
Ldward caufed to paf. otcr ,njo thefe ^^^^^^^ '^f^^^^ ^^ 3,,^^ ,^;^>^^ ^^ 
ISorth.xvcftern pa.tsof ScotUnd. about ^.,^^j„ ^^^^ , ,f^,.,, j ^ , ^^ 

the dole of tne thirteenth century, to ..^ «.,^k-.. ;„ ^\^,^r^'^^\^» ;« ..« A .k» 

, f n^ r vk I I "^ I. the number in Cnromcies is undoubt* 

avenge the rehilancc of Baliol to that ..•„ ^^v^„-..j .. «««-,,- r..^«, .» ^ 

• %f^ ■ I . ediy corrupted, as appears rrom tr.e 



ttrfered in adjudging the dcfcent of the mg into the various readmgs colleaed 

Scottifh crown. ^'y ^^' Kennicott, &c. into the aotient 

The counti y above and behind Caftle verfions, but meet with nothing to fup- 

Urquhart, exiendmg to the Ocean, and P^^^ ^^'^ emendation. On turning, 

ftiried by tlie Hebrides or Weftern however, to the Exctrpta from Gro. 

iQes, is fiid to be rude and romantic «'"«'» Annotations, publiQied in WaU 



extreme degree. As LochNefs ton's Polyglott, tom. VI. 1 land that 

;r known «o freeze, fo we were ^^e alteration 1 propofe has been fug- 

f a water, called Lochanwyn, gelUd long ago: '• Aln," fays he, " Ic 

fomewhere in that rcj^ion, which never g^^^"!^ P"«ant ^vtctfimo. 
tr.aw*. CTc bt centviuid.) ^ ^u*"'* ^^' PoLY 



to an 
i& never 
told o 



PRAGMON. 



Mr. Urban, Af. 7. ^ ^'^Vvt?^"' r /''■^\^'r. 

LITTLE as Dr. Prieftley's friends, T 7"^^^^ your correfpondcnt A H. 

and the D.ffentert, think them- ^ (^' ^'V ^^'^'^ *'"'* fomc fatisfaaory 

fclvcs bound to acquaint the publ.ck information in an anonymoui - B:o- 

MTiih their plans, their own reputation gr^ph.cal Hi(lc»ry of Sir W.lliam Black- 

U concerned in acknowledging or con- J^""*^' '^'^. ^'"^.^f ^^<: J^'^'^" ^^ »>^f*» 

iradiaing the receipt of a letter to him Benches,' publiflica in 17815 and re- 

from Mr. John Adams, in America, ^•^^:\^;?, '" ^".rV ' ^i^^' ^' '^?* . u 
who tells him and them fome whole- • Wlien S»r Thomas More was lor J chan- 

fome truths ; as ftated in fcveral of the f '««■' »^ ^'f . "^^J ^' ™^^^' ^*> ^}'^ '^;. 

., , « *k« %• • .V. •- ».v ctinncel, and lus laJy m a pew I ami, be€.»nfe 

public prints. t^ i^ j,^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^f ^,^1,^^ his genil'-m.^n- 

— ^ ulher ever after fervice cannc to the bdy's 

Mr. Urban, Jug^. 8. p^^^^ a^^^ faui, « Madam, my lord is gone ;" 

^\7 OUR Biblical Qucrift, p. 591, will jo, when the ChancuUot's plKC was taken 

i find fome folution to his query in from Inm, the next time ti»eir went m 

Bp. Patrick's Commentaiy on 2 Chron. church Sic Thoma$ More himfelf came to 

jLvi. 1 ; where he fays^ Jofephos, viii. my hdy's pew, and faid, *' Mndam, my 

6, fwppofed it a miOnke of the tranfcrio lord is gone." Loid BaCvuVs A^^\\\bft-^TCi%^ 

htr, who put J dib for J 6:h f wliich wms No. ^9. 
sAe Jsa }e*f cf the ici^n of U.iaflij, The above i« ihc wW.t ^^^^l^^ \ti 



7o8 Curious Copper StaL — A/r/.Bofcawen <i'>{^yi- Wood ward. [Aor. 

Lord Bacon's Works wrihed for by your and the fnucrh, now living at a verv 

correfpondent \V. & D. p. 317 advanced age, is Mrs. Thackeray, of 

Yours, &c. N. R. Harrow, ivLdow of, Dr. Thackeray 

— — — fome lime maftcr of the fchool. 

Mr. Urban, Juh 26. Your fair Tourift, p. 593, of courfe 

THE curious copper feal (vol LXTI. has not read Hor&ce. The word fW#r. 

p. 115, plate II. No. 5) found in //>«/, at auy rate, is not Latin. The m. 

the middle of a barrel of pitch, fetrmrat fciiption probably runs, 

firft fiebt to reprefent to u. the tffigi.,, Hie licet et lihris r,«„.oque et -W//i«, horii 

s. being crowne J. of the bleffed V.rgin^. Oucere tol.citx jocmJaoblivia vi.«. 
but that may be juitly doubted, though 

the Virgin is often ftyled ngha cetlL Yours, &c E. E, A. 

We are not told, p. 115, whence the " v - 

pitch came; but I conje^lure it may, ^^^ Urban, Jufy xo, 

neverthetefs, be the portrait of that TT is remarked, by a very refined wri* 

very eminent, and almoft univerfal, ^ ter of antiquity, that we generally 

fainr, in thefe Northein parts, St, hate the nian whom we are confcious of 

Bridget or St. BrUe, who, as the legend having injured. This fentiment con* 

fays, •< bowing down her head to kift ^cys no very favourable idea of human 

the dry wood at the foot of the altar, it nature :^nor is the truth of it fo obvious 

immediately grew green in token of her ■* (0 command our immediate aflVni. 

purity*." Docs not all M% fcem to He, who is feofible of his having ufed 

be implied by the crof's in her right- another ill, would be ready, one fliould 

^and, and the flower in her left } if fo, imagine, to make repar^iioB for the af- 

J B. in the area may denr>te J6hatiJ/a ^ront by every proptr conceirion. To 

Bridgttta^ as fhe was fo confpicuous an do away an unintentional injury^ we 

abbeCs. As for the infcription round have recourfe to coociliitory roeafures* 

the ftfal, I confefs I cannot read it, and Inflead of fljcwing marks of rcfentmcnc 

ihall be obliged to any gentleman that as;ainft an injured friend, we rather cn« 

will decipher it, and to inform Us what deavour, it Ihould fcem, to re. inflate 

' convent it belonged to. The firft words ourfelves in his fa\'our by an ingenuous 

appear to be SigiUtiM Adaiuum di ; but acknowledgement of our (>Bence. 

1 can go no farther. But, if the trcfpafs be great, if the 

Yourcorrcfpondcnt J M. (•ol.LXFL breach we have made be too wide to 

p. 125 ) conjeAurcs there might have be immediately doled, or, as fooD as 

hceii a rtUgioui boufe at Pincbhtck, in healed, forgotten s interru|>ted friend- 

Linco'nihirei but you may depend upoo fl)<P ^ill feidom be renewed to our mu* 

it there never was any fuch there. He tual iatisfadion : thefe are tnfuperabic 

does not tell us whether the mantle- "^rs to it. Whatever may be prettBdr4 

piece there fpoken of b^ wood or (lone; to the contrary, felf is the fpring of alt 

but,, if the latter, one would fuppofe our anions; it imperceptibly mores the 

the infcription to h^ve been brought vaa^ diHnterefled minds. 

from elfewhere, as gifi icy is the com- ^ Now, if we are confcious c^ having 

mon hngujge of grave- (tones. Query, injured a roan, we reproach ourfelves 

therefote, if it were not taken (luppo- f<'t what we have done in proportion to 

ling it to be ftone) from the churchy*rd our fenfe of the injury. This felf^re- 

of PiHcbhrck, or of one of the ncij?h- pro^h renders us diii..ti\ficd with our- 

bouring pariflics. L. E. felves. We fee our condufl in a light 

— — which we vainly endeavour to avoid. 

Mr. Urban, Aug. 6. Our peace of mind is confequently dif- 

1^ HE conjecture' in youriftf/o p 676, turbed. In the mean time, we tre 

is ri^hc. Mr:>. Rofciuen was a haunted by the image of the perfon ott 

M.fs Woodward. There were four whofe account we experience fo difa* 

daughters; one married the Rev. James grceable a conHidt. We look on him 

Dalton, fome time re£tor of Stanmore, ^'ith difguft, as the caufe of all we fuf. 

Middlcfex, and is dead ; another (who f^r t and we cannot forgive him the uo* 

is clfo dead) married Mr. Gardner, fa- eafmels he occations: we hate the ati* 

tlier to the prefent bookfeller in the thor of our felf- degradation. WhilA 

Strand ; a third was Mrs. Bofcawen ; we attempt to fly from the humiliating 

— . pidure, we fee him impeding our el'capc, 

* Britifh Piety, r Fcbr. Devotions of »nd prefenting it to our view in a more 

the Chutcli ofRonie, p. 3 b. cxundve caav als. We conccire^ there • 



1 793*i| D§ wt bati ibtfifvbom tnr havi i»jmrid?^^Human$ SmUf* 709 

lore, »B MiilMtb]^ agiinft bimi ittd, id* we c^rnoc approtch without being lowr* 

Head of cvfclrituig hb" aci)aaiokaiicc« arc d in ou/ own opiDioBy and er^o pre- 

Ihua bit CMipaDv, in order to pre^^ent fer an open breacht iotroduQorf to hol^' 

ihe.rcpttitioii'of fccIiDgi that intcmtpc tilicies, ro the mortiFjing alteroatiTC oC 

ourfclf-coonplaccDCv. Thii it iht oa* (elf-huiniltarioD. ' ^. , 

rural prneafft of c^c hkirtt ^hich cannpc Tbcfe rcBexjoni (which are merctjr 

be rcfifted withour great refolution. an cspaoiion of a piflaga in Tacitus) 

If our cncda6^ become gcnera'>lj are certainly founded : I coutd product, 

knowOt we have a double caaie for dif* more thin one CBampIc to confirm them* 

liking the aggrieved or injorcd perfon. And they nay not be unufefnl if Aicf 

who not only impofei on ut the hard fnggeft to ut thefe important truthi-** 

laik of condemning ourfelTCt, but leidt tjiat we ibnuld guard with all diligenct 

the world to paft unicnce upon ui alfb. the avenuei or our heartt^ and oftea 

Accnfcd by othcrt, we make an effort fcnitiniac the motives of our anions-* 

to exculpate ourfelvea, or to glofi over that, though we ought not to tntertaia 

«mr firaitiiet. We cannot fubmit to the degrading frntimcnii of our mture, we 

ccarurea of the world, though we often ibuuld' beware of placing ab implicic 

bear our own with much feeming philo- confidence in the charaAef of bcnevo* 

fnphv. But thb it pliinly owing to fence too nnrcftrvedly attriboced * to 

IciM-itiery. For, amidft bur voluntary man-— that, without the rcftrainuof Re« 

inmiftmcnt, we foothc our(cIvca with ligton, we fliall often betray a malig* 

the ideal of ingenucufaefi and imparti- n«nt felfiibacfSt though, perhaps, nn* ' 

aliiy* When the woild, howcyery takes confciout of the'dircOTery*--^nd that, tn 

part agaioft iiS| we inAantly become fliorr, we iia!l nerer aA on -coafiftent 

oor o%n ndvocatet; though what we principles, till we have turned our ^4^* 

uadeitnke to defend will hardly admit mMf&^ftu into the channel of Ctr^ 

.of the flighted extenuntinn. Uaa ibMtity» P« 

We have been lookingon the injured ■■■' ■■ 
chara/9er with a jeatout and rufpictout Mr. Urban, JmIj io« 
eye. Wifliing toeaonerareourfelvei, we TN confequeoce of reading, p. 53O9 
find it can only be done by fliifting the i fime judicious advice from Dr« 
burthen from our own ihouidvrk to thofe Hawet ro the proprietors of Canals, &;c* 
of our enemv ; for, from the moment of 1 am induced to fubmit to your coofi* 
the world's interference, we deem him deration an obferration or two on the 
fuch. We It pi efcnt him, therefore, as fame fubjeft, notwithftanding I am 
having provoktd us to the attack, and cnnfcious, that fo truly benevolent and 
bold him forth, perhaps, as the ag- ul'eful an inflitution as that of the Hu- 
greflur, or we lotolve the whole tranf- mane Society can never want advocates 
ndion in myfiery. We afpe'fe his fo/ its fupport, nor receive any acceflion 
charaAcr, in order to refiore lufire to of praife or fame from any eulogies of 
our own ; and, abforbed by the con* mine. I would wiib* therefore, to hint 
lemplation of our adverfary's faults, we (for it ivould be the height of arrogance 
nbnoft become reconciled to ourfelves. to didlate to men^who aie (b much bet- 
It is ccriamly a fa£l, that fuch unbe- ter qualified to judi^e), that fer'mons 
coming behaviour to a friend often ori- preached for the better fupport, and in 
ginates in jealous competition. When behalf, of this fociety, in the refpeAive 
we fee our companion- more ileady than pari Ih- churches near which the canals 
tmrlclves, in his adherence to principles muft pifs, would greatly promote an'd 
which we both adopted, we cnnnoc facilitate Dr. Hawes's benevolent in-* 
brook his fuperiority. In p>oportioo tentions of providiii)^ irceptacles for the 
as he rifei, we fink in our own tAima- receiving or thofe apparently drowned, 
tion. We therefore refer his conduct furniflied with ail the apparatus necef- 
to fome unworthy motive, though our fary for employing the refurdrative'pro* 
eoofcience upbraid us with the mean- cef'i. From thellbera'iry of the prei'enc 
nefftol cheriibing rufpicionsfo evidently times, when every chanty, private as 
falfe. It feldom happens, however, well as |>uU!io, receives the greated en- 
that, in ihefe cafes, we atiend to the coura^iement ; tli;re cou'.d be no duubt 
di^kates of our he«rts. We more tre- of this mectmi,; with its deleived rucceCt. 
quently infinuate thefe unwarrantable The clergy oh ihtir p?it, I am on* 
lufpKions to the world. The confe* vinctd, would not hefuate a momeot to 
qucncc of all is that our friendfhipis grant the ule of iheit c\\\itcV\t% \\)T ^m\» 
diflbircd. We Setefi Uic man whom pofes fo vmy bcnttic\Ai Vu VucvtX'j '\\\^«.* 
7 t^«\a\.» 



7 lO Fumify §f VaoX. — The Old Tomb at Hov& Jen. [Aug. 



oerat, wliife prnprietort of the canaU, 
and the inhabira»tt of the refpe^ive 
places, would feel tbemfelvci happv in 
m opportuitity of fliewing, bv their vo<« 
luntary contributions, how much tiKy 
valued and efleemed an inftitutiooy 
which doubtleft contributes in To ^rtat 
'a degree to the prefervation of the lives 
of fo ftiany of their fellow-creatures. 
Wifh the fincereft wiftes fur the fuccefs 
of this, and the m;iny other excellent 
charities by which this nation is pccuti* 
arly diHioeuiflied. I remaini 

Y«>urs, Sec. Q^ 

Mr. Urkan, 7a V ?• 

THE name of Vaux, meiui<tncd p. 
517, as exiOinig at Whipfnade, 
CO, Bedford,' may, perhaps, be Thc- 
Bias Vaux, who faielv was a Mijor in 
the Bcdfcrdfliire Miliria. I think lie 
po«w rciidcs at DanHabie, and is un- 
married, or, at leaft, h.is no chi!dien. 

The tate Redor of Courteahall near 
Noithampton was a Mr. Vaux, who re- 
fided there with his brothers and filters, 
all of which family, if I miHake not, 
were unmarried. The brothers were 
John and George. Geor}*e died before 
the Reflor ; but John is, I believe, now 
living. Vour correfpondent, the genca* 
logidy p. 117, mentions two fiflers, 
Edward the laft Lord Vaux of Harrow- 
don. Brydges, in his Norrhamptondiire, 
mentions another (ifter J<iicc ; Jind two 
brothers, William and Henry. He fays, 
that Edward the laft Lotd Vaux, dying 
without Uwful ilTue, left bis inhcrhance 
to Nicholas foB of Elif. his wife. To 
him Charles Knolles his fun fuccceded, 
who, in 1694, fold Harrowdon to Tho- 
mas VVentworth, Efq. who was in pof- 
i'eflion of it when the Hiftory of that 
parifli was written. 

What extin£l Peeraj^e of. Collins it 
alluded to p. 517?— I hare two or 
three times feen quotations from fuch a 
book } but have never been able to 
meet with the book, or to ^ain any in- 
telligence of it. Matthew Knapf. 

Mr. Urban, Hoiudon^ Fth,\n. 

OBSERVING fome comments, p. 25, 
from D. H. upon the infcription 
which J fent you, p. 973, of your laft 
▼olume, be fo obliging as to inleit the 
following remarks iu anfwer to that 
gentleman. 

I am well aware that it is generally 

faid, that the infcripMon in queflion is 

o*er BJfhop Walter S!<irla\N's bowels, 

dut, 1 belie re, it is ooihing to- the Au- 



thenticity of it, whether Kirfcham or 
Skirlaw were of moft confer uenre, or 
which W4& the greeted benefa^or to 
the town *, and I make no fcrtrp«e of 
laying, that the infcription, as ^ivcn by 
D. H. Plate in. p. 25, is iaaccur:^i«.!y 
copied The doubtful word apf^^ars 10 
be the furoame; now, if it were Skirlaw, 
it would begin with an S, and there is 
no fpace that would admit of the le;ier 
3 bctivcen the #/> and the K (I am now 
fl^eaking of the infcription as it yet re- 
mains on the (lone, which it fo fair »t 
to make the plate of D. H. a buriefque 
upon it, as he, or any of his friends, if 
th«y were ever to travel this way, would 
difcover) ; the next is 1, the lower p re 
of which i)» wanting, then is the crack, 
or b.eak in the (lone, the next icnet tt 
evidently II (which would not be in ihe 
word Skiria'wjy A is very clear, with a 
hvphco over it to denote the omitfictncrf 
M, which is well known was the ufuil 
method of denoting the omilfiori of M 
or N even in limes nearer our o^tk 
than 1 160, but udich wti^, T bclicvr, 
oevcr iiCcfl fojUnmc liic oniilfion ot \V. 
As foi the auchoriiies which I) U. 
mnkes ule of to fupport his oh(crv.«tii.ii2», 
they ate, except Lciand's, ent.rciy tic 
gativej and becauie rhofc authors whotn 
he quotes (\vh3 were none of them liv. 
iag at the de-tih of either of the Bifhops 
in qucliion f) do not mention lUat A^iVift- 
bam was etnbowcled at Howdes, (hall 
we infer from that, that the infcriptioa 
does not belong to him, when it may 
be (uppofed, without any great vio- 
lence to rat'.ona[. probability, that hit 
atieiidants'v%ould perform that ofBcc to 
him, cCpeciatly as they had to convey 
h:s body to (o great a diAance ah from 
Howdcu It) Ojrham ? Now Mi. Hutch- 
infon's authority and Leland's are the 
very fame ; and, if Air. H. do not bring 
a moie iubHantial teftiiuony than this 
very infer ipiion to prove that it is over 
Kirkhara's bowels, will D. H. fay, th.it 
LeUnd brings any (Ironger proof iluu 
the (arrc inlcriprioa to prove that it i^ 
over Sktria*w*s j ? 

Whatever 



♦ We have a traiV.' ion at Howt'en, that 
B;Jle^ bk»r!:uv trus P'^ito bis froplc, 
J It: hut It a fti -jj Jcl.o/'i'jujff and b.igLiiKd 
tbejieeptf : 

but I knovv or 110 oriier. 

f Mattbeiif IKuis UicJ ^^nm 1159 ; ^Ut- 

tbevj nf/ifHifi/;er died ^nno 13S0'; am! //> 

hert Gra\yiu/tfi about 1335. 

X Gtnt^ m the .\pprndbc to his JUjUty tt 



*753-] ti^Mj^f Howdcn.— W. dc Britaim—Turkiih M^JkUimu 7 1 1 



WbarcTcr degree of credit D. H'. 
mav wi/h to atttth to the iofciiptUa 
at copiccl. br Mr* C]irT«r» I muft beg 
le«ive to obferve, thit being upoo the 
fpot, and haeiog opimrtunitf to exa« 
mine it leifurely and miDDtelf » it may 



tit et which b« hat laid fe niQch ftreft 
upon. He wdtald &avc doac well to 
have th'mght twice ere he replied with 
lo-murb acrimony and ft» little judge* 
ment to ao aflcRioa which will be fouftd 
Dot to have t>eeD made af raadoiDt or 



b» prcfiiiiied, that the copj» p. f 73^ of with a claim to any degrn of leamiag; 
your laft Tolnme, it at accurately taken whatever ft it fdmewbat cstraordinarf 



at it would have been bv any travelling 
aaiiquaryt who frequently makei hair 
an hf>ur the csicnt of hit time to view 
and tranfctibc what he thinkt moft cu- 
riooi In an antique edifice. 

D. H. (after fiigbiiiig Mr* H. for rt- 
fcrring to Howdeo, in the fecood vo* 
Jome of the Hiftory of Durham *) fayc, 
he flioQid hiivc bccu furprised to have 
fbyud that tovra dcfcribM there, *< at 
ic it not a member of the Church of 
Dsfliam.** Tocoavmcahim of the con* 
iratTt If 1i* lookt in the laft page of the 



that Mr. W. H. R, fliould bavo difco. 
vercd that «« £. den Engelfmao" ihooll 
be '« W. de B'Uain/ Who hat ever 
beard of ihit W. dc Britain ? or hai tbf 
profottbd and moft ingenious tranflator 
adopted thit name lor that of GulieU 
mut Brito, the Briton, or another per- 
fon of the fame name who vife^a an &%• 
lilh Minorite of the 141I1 c#iitiiry \ Bui 
perhapt not, and the world may be in* 
dchted 10 him for pointing out a new 
moralill, ot^ at he termt him| a Socn* 
tet. Maittaire,' in hit Jniin ^yp^ 



firft vo^ttme of that work, among the ^rmfkitif mention t an edition of ** Kir* 
•ficert of the Bilhop of Durham, he iMmmm dt Mi^elfmmM nmm de Propri 

wi I find that the Hev. Robert Pairlcm, " - - — • 

M. A., it Keeper or Vieer Gcneni, 
and Official Pnacipal in fpiritual mac* 
ten of the peculiar jurifdiflion of the 
Deao and Chapter of Darham, of 
Howdcn, Howdenihire, and Heming- 
brou^h t* 

Mr. Urban, Mmrcb 11. 

YOUR correfpondent W. H. Reid 
had certainly but little occalion to 
feel himfrlf fo fore from the corredion 
he complaint of, which wat adminiftcr* 
ed with a very becoming degree of mo* 
deration, and totally divcftedof the mo- 

this infcription thus : Hie rtquicjeunt Vijcera 
Walreri Skirlaw, qiut feptUuntur jub hoc 6'«ao. 
A. D. 140;, than tlie latter part of which, 
cooDpareJ with the original, nothing cm be 
more wilike. 

*■ \V|>cn Mr. Hntchinfon delivered pro- 
pofJs for publilhing the MiHory of the 
county Pal.itine of Durtiam, ha meant to 
comprize It in two volumes ; but, as he pro* 
cvedod, he found materials to grow fo much 
npon him, tliat he was obliged to extend it 
farcher than he firft propofed| or to give the 
puMic a nniittlated hidory ; and, as the iiite* 
rior parts of tlie ceomy had a greater claim 
npqn tbe hiilohan tha:i the exterior, coofe- 
queotly Howden, with feveral other places, 
whicti form part of the diocefe of Durham, 
and come withip Mr. H's plan, yet remain 
|o bt: deOjtlied. 

f Alfti Airchileacon of Clevelani! { and it 
ii with great pleafui e that I enihr.ice this 
npnortunity of te{\ifyiiig the orderly and re- 
guf.tr manner, fo highly heoming tlie cle- 
rical clura£ter, in which that gentJemaa 
holds bis MOtttuJ riHtatioti io this church. 



gtim dtr Du^m,'* printed at fiaeriem ia 
I4e4, and another edition prijited at the 
fame place in 1485, both of which urn 
undoubtedly tranflationt of Bmtb, d§ 
QUm^illt^s well-known woi'k Dt Pro* 
friitmtibus Rtrum. Now, without'^uo- 
derftandiog Dutch or German ibwell at 
Mr. W. if. R, it it fair to alk, whether 
B. or any word beginning with that let« 
ter, in either of thofe languages, can 
poinbly be rendered WiiiiamP 

What the book is from which W. H« 
R. hat given hit ater^f qu$imtUm the 
Lord knowt 1 but it it pfiity clear, by 
thit time, that it it not the Haarlem 
book he meniionti and therefore it it 
DO left firange than true, Mr.'Urban, 
that your correfpondent hat been <* mir<- 
taken both in the author and ihe title q# 
the book." 

Of the latter feotence of the gentle- 
man't letter it it difficult to difcover tbe 
wit which it affedt, or even the gram« 
mattcal cooftrudioo. The writer of 
thit doet not fet up for a ** lingoift.'* 
That charader fcems jnore properly to 
belong to W. U. R, who is, perhaps, 
qualitytng for a Notary Public; but« 
from the fpecimen of his language above 
referred to, it mav be faiily inferred, 
that be wants a little ** ladling" to make 
him a grammarians 8* £• 

Mr. Uriah, Salijbury'fqaari^ Awg. }• 

B\L plcalcd to acquaint your corre* 
fpoodcQt Dr. Fegge, that 1 have % 
brafs medallion of the fame TurkUh 
emperor, it L fi^ou\d (»i^\>oUf >)\\.Vv\V4X 
dlciciibfd by him in ]^» ^x\^ \!L\>»xt^ 



712 MedaIlhnofS}i\t2n Mohammcth. — MlfceVaneoushformat'on. [A ug, 

inp date 1481, but. without a rcverfc ; 

inund ^t Chartron, in K?nr, in digein^; 

the fotindation for a waflihouTe. But 

what Dr." Pegge is pleafed to ftyle im- 

menfe in his medallion it noihiog in haps, eechfiie <uicarii. I be intrtait 

comnarir«n uiih mine; the weipht of his nanoe, M^. /?. arc 



Ins heing, it feemi, only loj^'i. Avoir- 
dupois, whereas chat in my poiTclfion 
%vciehs lib. o}^'* Avoirdupois. 

The heads are not, perhaps, very 
much alike, and the infcriptiiio round 
mine is, sultam moi^mmlth, oc- 

THOMANI PUGVLl SY2ANTII IM- 
PERATORIS, 14^1* 



M^v not the fragments 'n Iflini;toa 
(ratherl/.'ingron) church, Oevi>n,p 60 jt 
helonti; to the tomb of IFt7iam B'aMfi, or 
Brmmfi, or fomc fuch name, hu////. pcr- 

The in«tia!s of 
on each fide the 
tbiif' of the crots. 

The firfl account of the Fairy Tc9t is 
IB vol. LIX. p. 391. D. H. 



Mr. Urban, Aug. 6. 

1NCERT1B:/S» in Mr. Swetc's in- 
fcriptioPy p. 593, col. x, h as had 
La»in **s pAeini^xrs, which has b tn 
thro^vn in the teeth of a Carobiidge 
propter If — Ibid. 1. 2, ie:;d foot. 

Mr. Ld'iman has been fsuitty of a 
very ^'tn in<iccuracy in his drawing of 
lona c^ithcdral, p. 594* if thofc of 
^lofcs Gr ffiih, for Mr. Pennant's 
Vo« agt to the Hebrides, pi. XX 1. X X 1 1, 
of Mr. Caidonoell, and of tht E-irl of 
B'Shan when Lord Cardrofs, be f<tith* 
ful ', for, they all a.i^ree in reprtTenting 
\l fquarff whereas Mr. L. has given it 
round. Suc!i indetciminate {ketches are 



Mr. Urban, Sbmfw, Jnm 1 6« 

IHAVK a curious antique brafi 
feai, which xv-is dug out of a gar- 
N. N. den belnn^in^ to Mr. Matthews, of 
this town about fix months igO{ and 
h've indofcd a good im predion of it 
(ft0 plate III, fig, i). Bf the infcrip- 
tion, it appears to hive been Ibrmeily 
the property of Jobm M§rtim$r. No 
per Too, however, of th»t name is tfow 
living in Shafton, or neir it. The fi- 
gures on it are, a lion with his paws-^n 
an animal, wtLch, 1 think, wai intend- 
ed for a i;ri(!in. An engraving of. it 
would oblige many of yonr readers, and 
pirtic'.iiHily, 

Yours, &c. Robert Shirley. 



Mr Urban, Primrofg-jarJ^JaMf^o. 

INCLOS'iD you have a Ikerch, taken 
in 179X1 of the font, and of a curi- 



no credit to yonr Mifcellany, which ous old cnrving;, on the Wed fide of 

can boa ft To much better. the porch of Ncttefwell church, in Ef- 

P. CQ5. col. z, I. 38, read William de {ex (Jig. *» 3) ; which perhaps may de- 

Karilcph* i I 4^, r, bull ; 1. 56, in note, ferve a orner in one of your mifcelU'* 

Carileplif ; 596, col. f. I. B, for AJoiis neuus plates. H. Ellis, 

r. Otto; 1. 29. Sth i;/^ King Edward I. ; 



n. I, I. tf Gonfcnycrat) n. 3, 1. a, r. di- 
bfeiyit; n. 5, I. 3, r. exicptis; i. 6, 
dele the point after QLlio. p. 597, n. 3, 
1. 3, r. goods; I. $, juUi.itfr/>i. 

\V hat is the </f^/r«jrr# between »Jlab and 
%, grarvt fltn^ when applied to fepulchrai 
purpofes ? By how many varu»i;s terms 
IS the monument in queftion dcfii^ntd ! 
Bjlal^i a A/"' ni^rUlc pr«ii;/-^9«/: an old 
^hik coffin likf mar lie ; a jfioKf foimed 



M-. Ursan, 7«(kH- 

TH E following particulars of a wor- 
thy member of fociety, which I 
learned from a friend when paiFing 
through that part of the country whMC 
he rehdes, may not be unacceptable to 
fome of your rciders. 

John Aiiccroft, a refident near Stocks 
port, C!)c(hire. foilo.ws the bufinefs of 
a Ciinvdrs-vieavcr, that particular i'^rt 



lile n cofia »f Viined black limeflQm t which is ufed by pa:nttrs for their large 

by Mr. Siv^ue, LXM. 79?. * '"^ge piiccs, and chears himfeif whilft at his 

ifhe lione. Meth:«m, p. 597, \% called Ubour with the thjughts th<t hi» works 

Mctha.im in p. S98. V/hfi W. H. fa- will he preUrvt-d .»n~d immoitaiizcd a* 

tisfio y*.u that Rogrr H'>vedcn was •' a ihe loundation on which others rear 

iTKM.k of the hoUic" at IJowdcn, you their laurc's. He has tr-?ccd, and to a 

ih^y prefer his authority ut the •• au- ceitair.ty convinced himfelf, that the 

thor//;/^to whole wurk^ h«rotK>noi find canvat's on which the celebrated p.4»nt^ 

Iei(uie tn lefcr." I cannot find where inj; of the D ith oJ Chatham, by Cop- 

Hovedcn (who died in ihc reign of |ty^ u^s cxccuicd, cvas entwined by 

"^ ' , or at IcsiU tli.fcd l»ls ann.iis *vi.h h "Mclf. Tins ciicu'unance almie fie- 



Jobf 

fhat icij^n) rr.tntion^ i*^f <iiaih of B'». 
Kitklirfo* in iliAi (/{ IIli.iy 111. i ^v ih 
ii^. H. h'd r>!J y..u »vikic Air. Ft**' 



*,■ 






7 •-*■,■. 



t.in : 



rp^.:'" tf^Jidi a plcaliJjjj iul>jc£t of 

LI li'* I t<l.ii>il. 

'.'^'.ilioui ^xicrnal tnh>:iltance, by tiie 
\abo\K ut tvu Q\Nti VvAU^*^ \\s. Vv\ v ^t. 



1 193*1 dfiHiotit §f Mr. ky^xoKx.-^-QirhJitUi in Stepney C%«r-^. 713 

the oroamentf, or tbe placing thenit 
that may. decichb whether th?v are all 
Oiiffinal, or whether the Grecian aro 
added Indeed, the tomb liat been fo 
repeatedljr repaired, at the infcriptioiif 
carefully inform ut.thai oneo n (caiceif 
conjecture whv it hat happened that it 
hat requited r> much attentun*^ Pof- 
(ibly fomc of your cnlij^htcned eorrefpoa- 
denrt iPat be capable of inform ng ut« 

The fl lb which covers the tomb ud« 
doubledly h^s either been a blank, or it 
if modern; iax^ the irifcriptiob, inOead 
of reidnf; acroft the t'jp, \% placed 
lengrhwdys; and, befides, it records the 
rcpairv. It is probab*e» if theie haa 
bten one, fome of the alterations haTC 
betn fatal to it. What follows appears 
to have been placed there in 1783, as 
the p<int if quite frcfli : 

^ Here lies interred the bt)dy of Sir 
HiNav Co LET, knt. cifiien and mercer^ 
and Ifird mayor of Lcxnlon to the years i486 
and 1495. He was the third fon r>f Richard 
Colet, efq. and tlie fa- her of Ur Jt>ha Co- 
Jet, dean of Sc. Paul'f, who fouiHleU St. 
Paul's fchool in 15!!, and cnmmirtecl the 
fame to ihtf cru(l of the woHhipful Con)p.*iiy 
of Mercers ; by whom this i<in\b l»as been 
repaired in the )ears 1605, 1697, aud 1783." 

Half of the above \% on one Hde, 'and 
the lefl on the other, of the tablet, 
which ornaments the frieze on the top 
of the tomb. Whether or lo this mo- 
nument has been from the ti'it in its 
piefeiit taOcf is to me very doubtful : 
1 lh;>uld incliiie to thiuk ottiLruife. I 
have (ecu many tombs of fcunders of 
chanceU, atlet, &c« where (as is com- 
mon) niches hive been Itfc in the wall 
for them, with the aich or rccet^ orna* 
menred, and merely a clutl:r of pilla a 
or moulding on the Ades and top. May 
it not have been the cnfe with thin ? and 
may not the modem chimney-piece. 
to which it bearv a c<)nridtr4blc ttiem- 
blance, have been placed a^ainft it ? 
The Gothic is licht and elegant } the 
Grecian is very welt, but ra'her heavy. 
However, I do not wifb to obtrude my 
me;e conjectures as poluive aliLrtions. 
I will add, that, upon an artrn'ive exa« 



chafed a libiary^ the value of which is 
Ik'd to be ivortji more than tool. A* 
Botag hit books are Chaiiibefs*s D Aio* 
aar¥{ different Htftoriet of England t 
Matuhil Philorophy, and -Natural Hil- 
tory of the Kingdom ; Bioi^raphies ; 
Geographies} all chiefly purchafcd in 
sumbersi the Gentleman's Magazine, 
bouad up, which hehatcbnftantly read 
for 40 years pall. He is not only his 
own BiH>k binder, but alfo the Book* 
^ binder ^or the neighbourhood. 

His houle is the general refort of the 
literary men in the village, who meet 
cither to receive information from the 
Villaee Ncftor or from his books. Be 
fidet being a Weaver and Boekbindert 
he oiakea his owd looms, and has made 
fcveral for the neighbourhood. He 
has been enabed to build three cottages, 
in a aiche of one of which is placed a 
baft of hinfelf fiom a likenefs taken in 
plafler, aad from which a flriking re- 
lemblance was cut by an ingenious me- 
cbanick (Henry Wilde), who was alfo 
an excellent workman. 

Mr. John Agecroft is a felf-t^u^ht 
genius, h'lving little, if any, inftruc- 
tions acquired from others either in 
readin^r or witting. He i> now near the 
age of 75, Aout, hale, (liorg, and ualks 
remarkably upiight*, with a dt-gree of 
agility ftldom foaad in a perfon of his 
age. He lives at prelient (aiid probably 
has done fo the chief part of his life) 
on vegetobles, bread, and milk, feldom 
touching irieat, malt, or fpirituous li- 
quors. Strong in his pafOons, and vio- 
lent in bis txpreflionk, he h^s the meek- 
aefsof a lamb, nor would he injure a fly. 

This hal'ty (ketch and impeifc6l tri- 
bute due to the fuperior merit of q man, 
who, like many a gem, is buried ui the 
unfaihomed deep, may probably be the 
means of lome one liepping forward 
(who has better information) to do juf* 
tice, by giving more particulars than at 
pielcnt has occurred to J. \\\ 

Mr. Urban, Aug. 3. 

1UAVE made another viHt 10 Step- 
nry, with a view to examine again 
the monument of Sir Hemy Co.ct. The 
reluit is a drawini^, uh-ch i prtfent to 
your readeis, aivd more piticuUr y to 
M.S. (fee vol. LXil. pp. 401, C9Z, 
S186) 

1 do not And, upon attentively view. 
ing it, any politive certainty, ti;her in 

* SatU to be vei7 like, in mMiy particu- 
htfl^ toLbe WdodtDMi,' by Barker. 
Gmmt* Mao, Au^ajf, 179$, 



♦ .^ee Fl..te II'. tig. 3. 

f III the " New View of Lomlon/* it is 
csUeu a fpacit>i)S mat hie moiiumcni of tbe 
L»'.ic 01 dcr, cont.>i-iio;i> tlieie arms : i . Sable, 
on a chevron tti^|^r:iiteii bet ueen three hotinds 
tr pp.int Argent, a*: nany rnoltrs of the fir ft. 
2. i he arms uf ilie Dean ot St. Paul's; vix. 
GiMes, two fviords 'ti faluie Argent, h.lted 
O:, ill chief ihc liVtcr t) lA \\\e x\\\t^. tN\V>Sk 
impaled wiihtht coaJLbciw^nvwxXaot.^vX.'^^ 



714 



fVbi U tbt Tranflattr of Greflct's Vetwrt ? 



[Aug. 



nip8ii'>n of tli.^.t vaft receptacle, Wcft- 
njinfttr- il^Scy, I remember but one in* 
iUncc of die mixture of two kinds of 
architcf.lure J wUich \\ Edwird the 
Couf«.lii>>r's tomby where the biife is a 
kiuii o*^ i^«>rhick, and the top quite Gre- 
cinr, I) Tjie Poet's Corner there it a re- 
tol's nrjt h Jecoi.itccijtviih an alrar-tomb 
thriilt aa it were in one comer, the fides 
,':»Jt'»|) cm irtlvd with arches, &c.*; and 
tnis m^iv Urvc as an i'l ifiiaTi m uf what 
J h-i^'c 1-ited as mv opinion of the tomb 
lii quciV!'>r., th/it •: w/.s oncf quite Go- 
thick. Not one of a conl'.Jer.iblc num- 
ber <»f tlsjui.ijs of monuments from 
•lii^'j-'nr raiis of the ountry, which 
were rr.aJe by sic in t!ic coujie of laft 
lu:nmtT, aft:)rd anv ipecimcn of a mix- 
(uic; not lltat [ iiuan ii> infmuate there 
is no:)c:; v*»ur correfponilcnt, n«) doubt, 
has rttrii 'f'loii. Stiil, I think, it h^d 
btcn bctrtr .1 voided. 

r h-ive girc-n the has-reli?fs,/^. 4, 5. 
Thiit (»f the Crucifixion cannot be mif- 
tike:). The o»her appears to be the mar- 
iMve of St. Ctthaiiaet» as the figure 
kn-c'ing has d«;pcry. St. John is fre- 
qi!-*ni;v reprefenicd naked, and gene- 
rsiilv fi ?ndin>^. The infant hi»s, 1 con- 
jii'Vure from the attitude, been fcatcd on 
I ht? knees of the Viij;in. But vvhy the 
nj'.rna/e of Sr. Catharine (houlJ have 
bw^n placed here is not to be oihcrwifc 
.U-. i.untcd tor, ihi*n that it \i a remain 
ot lomc irore an>rient Aru£\Qre. It is fb 
pisced q? to itad one to lupptile its pre- 
Urva.. >ii w-ts the principal motive in 
tI:c aic'v^^^t, as it has no connexion 
^.•|,-.twrr -vith ti»t: ^encr.il pUin of the 
i>.:!iiij. In concluding;, 1 muft beg 
viM'r II a '. rs to forgive anv th.ini» in the 
>i> ).t ill a HMV .ippcar like poiiiirc af- 
lc::*f.M», ^i'- I dHcUirn it. 

Vouv:, .S:c, J. P. Malcolm. 

tiujh.^iii's iiof worth, 

^ IRANSLATION n-.s l.uc'y ap- 
2"^ ;vM .'.< o* flie bLjUf.-M*. pos -i. AVr- 
.-i.'; if, x\t- Pjr»ot (»i N- -.'r-. J r t^'r> 
ihz I'-t :■.:*'. I'v \i ^nf G'Lii't. C-^' 
r.-.-i-v i!.;. :i .:.:::ri"n 'i ami >ti;c ', w.tn 
H.;*: Oi.i. J -»ic>:. l> ilu* Iciriu J rfiji!'<»r 
iif *' Xi\^ H »iy liib'i fd.i..:>i ly tr ikIi. 
ler! tr^rii CO. .sd--.'. ftX's of liiu 0-:i^i- 
Ba!s,*' Sic. Sis.. \ ;.'! 1*1 If I'ecini «u De 
re'ifon foi quciu-.i:.. ; wiiUihci tiic I. .^nt- 
l.'*«.»r of (•" lict'^. p;tin be a! Co the i.-anf- 

1- ».jr of t»ir U »'»r'. The letter, ir is 
.■■^.■-■••i^-^ .•■■^■"^»*— »— — ""■"■■"""^—™— ^"-■"""^■■^^" 
*: r» w:s .v»t Mr. .M.iiwo!..i iitrc delcubc 
cV'. jy. -i ' • nit'in ntni t V. /■» .' T. 
y y> ji nr.K r^h-jr /•//e';*./f>j-.iN*'n of the 

Aj,.J , Ll.i: L 'lic-C ICJUCCJ CO CUV ^ £ VI T. 



well-known, is a Roman Catholic cler* 
gyman. And with this circamnance it 
is hardif poffible to reconcile fereral af- 
fcftions of the tranft^torof FgrViri, For 
my pirt, ] know no Roman Catholic 
clergyman capable of aiTerting, ch^t 
*< ^ifius DiPs are kept as a fort (»f t^i* 
lifman by the devout of the Romiih 
church;" or that '* the recital of the 
i3orh Pfalm is fuppofed by C^thf Ticks 
to have a p^riicuLir eiTicacy in li«>cr.i- 
ting (l)uls fiom purgatory.*' Tiicfe .♦1- 
fercions, if they are true wh:o contiueJ 
to the i(;nr)ranr, are certainly not true if 
exrcndtd to the well-educated and wc.U 
inOru^iled Rom^n Caiholicks. The 
chara6^er of Dr. (scddes, for precifion of 
feiicimcnt, and accuracy of l^nguij^ic, 
would never have f'u&c:ed him 10 cx- 
prcTs himfclf fo incorrectly and fo Uii- 
q-j.«!inediy ti» the difauvantage of his 
Cath»>lic brethren. But, what renders 
it the mod incredible, that Dr. Geddet 
is the tranfutor of t^irvirt, i& the ac- 
count which the tranflator gives in the 
followinir lines of a Popiih imdulgemcet 

*\ By which, as ev'ry theologue can tell, 
Tlie greatelt rogue may 'fcape nut only iisll. 
But ev*n t!iat purging tire and tranfient pain^ 
Whicfi f -uls nt>t peifc^Wy contrite foftain 
In iheucxt woiU." 

This pi^urc of a Roml/h indulgence 
is fo unfiiithfuliy diliorttd, thnt it is 
impoiTibii. it Ihould be the work of a 
Roman Catholic clergyman. None of 
tins profcilion ever tauf;hi, or was 
taught, that **a to^iie may cfc.»pe Iitli" 
liirou^'h tlie htnwtit of an inuuigtncc ". 
It is confciTcd li^ the author of the 
trar.fi.irion, Preface, p. S, that he has 
fonietiinestxpindedthcauthor'ffhoughts 
by additions that iVctiud ui arife natu- 
rally fr.->!n the I'ubjc.^V, fuch as, he is 
C(>tihJciit, Grcflct himfelf would not 
have difipprovcd of in ^n Englifli iranf* 
lation. Whnr ! would GrtliVit have ap- 
proved <}i ad<'iii(»ns m>4dc to his poern^ 
in whicli a f 'He, mviili^JUi, and dcfa- 
rvi.it. 'TV rtcom'. :'> litld «)Ut to t^rc 
p.ij'ii k «•: ' :e o; ji.s icli.;i »us tenet > ? 
I I]),'!;.!! wiili iliw- uriiiwli L>»n'i>lt.nc^ to 
D.. Gciidcs, to k iMi\v \\ ii'. rtKr he ab 'vr 
lincs Hre Ijci. .>^ ctti'-r G .ll'^'t \\>u!d 
l^ve (ip,>ro/cd (W, 01 iucn ^'i be hniif'lf 
\v.>uld lijvc wj.Mtn, v.i'fi u'. a in^ft 
li.^iic ou;!', Ore rjit vvi':i:', ':i»fri:p. di n* 

* 'Mic I].".i,'.!.h v.\:*'k>1 A.> are much ut* 
dt'b:e.l 10 tlii libjr;il.iy ol Mr Urb.iti tor liio 
can !id ii)f> rlioii of Koman CuihJic ^tinci^l'i 
m vol. LVIl ; wIk'u- iin .^cc-inlc rt to n cut 
of t'.f Riini 'o CVb 'li. i»'K*\nne coiiceiiims 
an ia«v»^^»iUwC vox* \>e\vjiviu4. 



1793.] ^^fubrfid IneUhml — Trm mar Canak mpraBieiAli. yxi 

talioB of -tbt RooMD Catholic doArinc but on one fide of the fiid waters, on 

9i Wk indof^eace^ Tbc truth feemt to * which they have a graveled pith» in- 

bc^ that the trmnilator of Grefliet either clofcd by a hedge. 1'his is the plan of 

kneiv pot« or. If he knew, dcfigncd to the canal from the Trent to tie Mcrfe^^ 

dufigurcy the religion of his author, by a and, I fuppofe, of the reft. The laoa- 

snetbod aa injurioua to Eoaau Cathb- holders h«d, no douI>t, a filuable conli* 

licka at it ii diflipnourable to himfelf. deration for their lacd To cue ; but the 

Youfii &c, LsiCEtTKBHSIS. fari;i€n had no ahitement in iheir renti, 

■ as i have been told ; the convenience of 

Mr. UkBah, Bmih^Aug.^, water for their cattle aod houfchold 

PDR the fati^fadion of ScauTAToa, having been judged an ample compenfa* 

p.6a7t I fend you a patagraph from tion, cfpccially as it enabled them to fill 

the Baih Chronicle of the ift inft. The' up the pits of water in their grounds 

account alluded to appeared originally which before ferved for that purpofe. 

in the fame paper of June 17. H. W. . 1 he gentleman who writes from Wit* 

"The private babnging to the Sliroplhire ntymav fee a very Boud buO of Charles 

:au]itia, wbo,io Tone bit, was inftanuoeoufly ««« F"** »» Hammerfmith church, puj up 

depived of the ofeof his Umbs, on uttering by Sir Nicholas Crifp, or family. T. O. 
a prafane wiOi, to comiborate a f^ilfehptidy ^ 

which he had alfinted refpeAing the riots at Mr. Ukb Ali» ' Juh 23. 

Birmitighaim and wai admitted a patient in IV^R* Mavor, in his " New Defcrip- 

. the Oaoeial Hofeital in this ci^, was, a few LVX tion of Blenheim," f pcakiot; of the 

days finee, Uefled whh a yerfea recwery, fountain lately fct up iu the gardens, 

which took place as inaantaneoufly as his af- f.yj, m Jo the'eentre of an elegant, ca- 

ttahwjbonafterhi sleaving t he warm bath*.'? pacious bafon, where dolphins f^cm to 

— - fport, (lands the bafc, formcil of a fpecies 

TUy*^^'^^* . - , ^f'g*^^ of porous flon«, permeable by the water. 

HERh. are many fine-fpun iheoiies ^nd thrown together in rude pomp, with 

(and lome that have lately occupied ,„ ,rch from Eaft to Weft, in which are 

your valuable pages) which it would be j^arble figures of a lion Uasiiijtg 10 

abfufd to fupjfcfc piaaicable. 1 fciicely j^i^^-^ .^d a (ca-horJe coucliaot, proba- 

nced at this time, 1$ you have fo lately i,|y f^^e of the orii-ioal adjun^s of the 

drop: the fubjra, fkf I mean the plant- river-gods that rcclme on the fides 

ing of trees on tlw edges of canals, above. There are tour in number.. Their 

which ©nc of your learned correfpond- ^^^ fculptuted in marble, with a delicacy 

ants propofed (trpro his fludy, to be .qJ expreflion Icarcely to l)c furpalTcd, 

fure) J for, had he written from the fide# ,„<! j^e ulually fuppolcd to reprcfcnc the 

of a canal, he would havefcen u imprac- ^iig^ ihc Rhine, the D.inube, and the 

ticablc He propofes to plant them on Til>er. This apuropnaiion is evidently 

the edge of the canal, and yet talks of a w^ng in <omc ; but, as ihcy have few ' 

towing-path. In fuch cafe, the trees charaficnftic appcudagci, it is not eafv 
laould be a bar to the rope, and therefore 'n, offer a certain clilcrimination, nor, 

imprafticable. Nor are we, Mr. Ui ban, perhaps, was ic ever intended. If tf»c 

under any fuch fliaits, for the planting allulion is to the antique, the veiled fi- 

and raifing of timber, at ot^r time of day, gure may poflibly be the Danube *, or 

when fuch hbcral encouragement is the Nile j that with tl»e right leg refling 

given, not onlv for Ihip-iiniber, but on an oar the Tiber 1 tlie figusc with 

every other ufeful kind, by the worthy o^c Megro features the Niger; the other 

and nvble Society for the Encourage- . . 

SDcnt of Arts» Manufa^ures, and Com- * " On aii antient raeilal of Trnj.in the 

snerce. If the propofer of the plan re- ^ano^e is depiAcd having its hcadcoycrvd 

plies, the trees may be planted on one ^*^J!j ^ X^"' 
fide of the canal, and the boats may be ^-~*''" f^'"' ^^P«J occultatu, morh 

towed on ihc otlicrj 1 beg leave, in an- ^^. VTL"""*^**; ^''V*?''- f'"?; »^- 

, . . r .u . • 1 u The river Tiber is reprefeuted in theVatt- 

fwer. to fay, that, in «neral, the pro- ^„ ^, ^^ „^ ^^^i ^^ j ^ ^„ ^^^ ^^^ 

P"^^^^^ ^^ t he canals liave no property j^j, ^„j ^^^^^ fuflicicntly mark the Niger. 

♦ Wc doubt whether this will give fatif- The other has no pariiculai' cliaradcriftick. 

faBioM to Scrutator ; and the rather, as wc *^**"* '» ^"'» "* ^ P**'"^ ^ ^^^ original fount-iin 

team from a corrcfpondentji who has lately *' Rome, the palm-tice is placed ne.,r : and 

been in Warwicltih.re, th:it the whola ftory "^^ ^^^ '"^** ^*'<* ^*^^^ ^^^^^ ^ "^^"^^^ ^^^'^>' 

IS treated as a fttlign. Indetal, we never * pl^afiug couvMcuar.te, v{\\vc.\\ l^Vtt cwvi^- 

0ottJa dii'covGf the cujfthm of it, ^di r, fjpoiids ^'ilU Uie 'a^^v^VvcaUou^* 



7i6 The Fountain in Blenheim Gardens etuddatii. [Arig* 

the In.!u6. Oa the fquare perietal of an cavern are rhe arms of Pope Pamphili. 

obclilk oi white marbi. is the fuhfcquc^pc Qn the top of the rock is a Uree pcdef* 

infcripiion. in four iiiirwrent languat'cs, t.i', \yt|ereon Haod't (he obe iflc. The 

Latin, Greek, Icaiixn, and Spar.ifii; vvhole piece of machioery is very beautw 

'Merting forth, thnt this fine piece of ful, and Ip contrived as to give the obe^ 

fculptuic, the hll uo:k o( 6<»rniM, ard ]i(k greater eieTationi the fculpture is 

a copy fiom tl.e magn licnt fountain in cxceilcot, and more corie£l th^n Ber* 



the Piazza Nav^na at KumL-. was a pie- 
fer.t troiii ihe Sparjfh ar.jbjtf/clor at tl»e 
Papal couri to the lirft Uukc of Mailbo- 
rough. It has^ only been r'C.-nily crcdl- 
cd, aticl, ciuring the many ycar^ ir lay 
ntgle^icd, uav diuch damag.d, and part 
of it loft" <p. 101-^103). 

Not to cr:tici(e Mr. M's account wiih 
too gicat fc verify, I z\ji furpriicd he 
was not awa>e .that Bernini defined 
t tfe fjur fta:ucs, which fupport the 
fine Egyptian obehlk :ound, under the 
poncit!ca-e 01 innoccn; IV, in the ciicus 
c»t' Cara aiU, 10 rcpicltn: the four great 
river? •♦^ f the .'pur quaricn of the world. 
For Europe h<: would cerca nly chufe 
the Danub.i^ for Jjia the Garges^ for 
Africa ih^ MV/y and for /imrrica the 
}{/• dtl P!4i'M. He has moft happiiy 
adapted c{)C feveral « ha ra£teri flicks, or 
emblems 1 Danube and Nile are llr:£lly 

' clatlical; the pne frtio^ with liis oar, 
extending \\\% hands, which fqpp 'it the 
Papal arm$ furrouoded with cornucopia!» 
the hoi (e drinking qnder his feet ; the 
other concealing his head, which it 
ivas r«iAved tor Mr. M*% ceuntrvman 
to unve:i. At the back of this fiL'urc 
were the 'palm>tree and lotuv, produc- 
tions of Kgypt. The American river- 
god fiu 00 a he;tp of gold coin and has 
a broai) lich bracelet on his left leg, and 
|:ings in hi^ pjrs, and lifts up his eyes 
and left band in furp.ize, as if 6rft made 
J^nown tu the leA of the worhi ; a large 
lerpent crawling down a rock behind. 
Thefe four fiemcs may be fetn in Rolli's 
Col!e£lk>nof Maiucs, P.om. 1704, pi. 97, 
98, 99- |00, and the foltuwing defcrp- 
pon of thrm in the *• Voyago en Italic, 
1765-6," IV. 107: "The great foun- 
- tain :n the mululc of rhe Piazza Nivona 
is after licrnioi, and is his fincfl defig^n. 
Jt rtprtfents tlic f.iur laigcil rivers in 
the uorld, the Dan;ibe, the Ganges, the 
Nile, . nd tlie P^ata. ficting on the four 
extremities of a li^ck, wlilch fupports 
the obclifk, and from irs four fides dil- 
charges four rivers of water, nor indeed 
▼rry full flicams, biit yvell difpofcd. 
The ^avity of this ruck exhibits a ca- 
vein, whence a linn and horfe ifiTuc to 
ihfnk, attributes of Europe :^nd Ai'rica, 
9iid txccuud by Lizzaro Alorcili. Over 

giro 0/ the fjdcs p/" iht entrance of this 



nint> ufual manner; tiie pJm-tree i$ 
well placed, and fcrves to chara£kerife 
one of the rivers, which are all of a fpi- 
ritcd and gieat defign, and derived from, 
the an:ique, and were executed b\ C/^ur- 
ciio FtaHctfe Barattn^ G ac0m§ Aftttwi^ 
faactilt, and A-fonU Raggi. Tbey 't* 
of macbk ; the rock^ of Tibuitine ftone^ 
and (he obciifk and pedcftal of red gra* 
oi r." 

M. , Richaidfon ♦, whofe father had* 
model of the fountain, by Cainilto Ru(^ 
coni, (ays, there is a very entertaining 
account of it in Baidinucct*s Life of 
Be.nini. 

The arm's on one iide of the bafe of 
thi^ obciilk are, 

Under a coronet, in a borduie of lioBf 
and ca files, per fahiie, two b^lkcts and 
five 

Undf-r a coronet, in a hordtire of fil^ 
tites, two wolves with larnbk in thei^ 
mouths* 

The SpaniOi inscription begins 

Stendo ambaxador $cc, i68o. 
The Latin, 

/id hnocmtikm 8ic, i68K. 
The Gretk, 

nPOr INNOi;£NTlON &c. BTE{ 

XnHIIAAdL 

The Italian, 

Mentrt ai fmmo &c. i^8rw 

The fourth fii^ure, or Eittero river* 
god, Aretches out hi< hands to a fecpcnt 
crawling and a Qiell. This is not ftridly 
correfpondrnt to that at Rome, wlieiv 
the Ganges is reprefentcd recumbent^ 
crowned with fcdge, a rudder betwvcen 
his lege, 2nd under them a grifiiQ-like 
fifh. 1 am therefore rather iocl ned CQ 
fuppofc this was another defign for the 
ri»rer-god. |t. G, 

Mr. Urban, 7«jr ]!« 

I SEND you fome fiote$ and epitaplia 
which I cop'fd in a late ezcurfion to 
Oxfoid. Vours, &c. K. G. " 

Xa the Etft window of Kenley church 
are the arm<( of France and England, ii| 
a garier, cro^vned. 

A. a lion rampant G. queue fourch^« 
impalinir, quarterly, fomerhing O. anil 
Az. G. 3 bcn<i< wavy O. quartering 
A a feU G. in cliief a i>late?. 



>*■«■ 



♦ Accouv*. ol U3:oae«))K^vcb.\\aSL's^ V* v<^^» 



> 79S*T Ctm^HtHu Ukm m Hoiley in OxfordflMte. 



Agriai A» IaH WtU af tht .toVtll PttlAM VIDVAyt^VOHDMiVlOlItVa 



»'^ 



juktuKletfor 

JilMi Cowley, D.I1 1709 : bii daa|hMi^ 
|bMMbniia|CiwH«r: John Cowtojrt o4* 
cuil of LiMoIng hit te, i^tai aned 501 
Thoi»MO0»Ujr,«lq. i776»afed 70. 

% the South door tt a braftltfs (UIh 
with a ocofs with a donbk quatrefoil oa 
the cofi IB tha eeatic of wiricli it a figura 
pf a latBty crowned*. To tbit crofi 
(which b cofirBvcil in the Sepulchral 
Mauumcoti i^ Gmt BriraiD, roL L 

SI. rV. ^« S) of croflipt kneeled two 
pdl figures with labels* 

Over the South door t 

Th» ite r^Millt A.IX ifSf* 
WilUam Bradihawy mayor. 

Rkhard Brriclpear 7 rti.irrv^^jE.- w.^ 
WillMi Imdh rconrcjfwaruens. 



Roaaari 

DoTIrCV, UtVUO Hf HEICI WlTlil^ Vb« 

TlXfoGvLIILMl 
Paai4MMILl'T«M, ^UJK ly HOC •»»!»# 
ICHOLAM wniH' 
»ATIT IBUjCAVDII VAV»ltVM FILlia 

▼loisTi IT Baxaislbnsi 

COLLBOIVM IN mcLTTA AOAOIMIA 
OXOM. VNIVt 

•OCIf tTDOOl^BCHOLAiiTVMAeCltfllOllE 

i>eTAViT. OaiiT iiwTiif A* Jfm 

MILIIMO 

axzcxuTifiaio ticiiimo Faiifo, M^n 

TaaTio. 

In a Nordi chapel of this aile a labkc 
To the oMiiionr of the fiunihr rf EtMia, 

heretofnfie of Boling to tnit comtfy 
originally of Lillordy co. NorthamplMi #• 
In the Nonh pier an open arch. A 
At the bottom of it arc the dooacioMf ftrong irpn*bouod wooden locker in a«» 
' the Sail window* over an olfl fwhtr. ^ 

• A (lab !n the North atk for J. Sayer« 
The foot it modern. 
Over the South door of the South aik 
a marble urn and tablet! 

1781. 

Near thb plaec iv« buried the remaina 

of William HArwAanyofShrewfbury. 

archire£)y 

in the 4zd year of liis age, 

who contmaed for building the bridge 

over the river Thamrc in Miis town, 

but died here before he had bc^an upon tht 

work, . 
which has been fmce rre^ed after the dafiga 
of that truly ingenious man. 

The Wti\ towf r of the church u bnile 
of flints, cmbatiled, and furmounted at 
the fi)ur corners bv four round embattled 
turrets, like thoTe on Luion Church 
aiiU St. Perer's church at St. Albant. 
The whole buildini; prrfcnts a neat and 
handfome appearance, fituace at the Eaft 
en({ and near the entrance of the town, 
at ihe borrom of a htll, up which runs a 
hand^onoe ftrect, whence vou have n 
beautiful view of the oppofire bank of 
tlicTh-mes, and the Oeep hill lowered 
b^ ti.e ujpenuitv of the Rev. Mr. Gainf- 
hornuel^ ("f whom fee vol. LV, p. 932, 
LVJ 45. 363), who lies buritd, with 
his wir.. at ihc North-eaH corner of his 
mcctTo^-houfe, in the South ftrect, 
witliin the yard, and the irJcnptior over 
them infened in the wall of the meeting- 



woodco door, with an angel in thp pedi< 
iii«Br, kadiaif into the record-room. 
They are conoaued all along the South 
uilas. 

The church was beautified in i736. 

In the pier, or entrance into the chan* 
eel, are two flits, or opcnio^s. 

In the Eaft window of the North aile : 
A. a mullet of 6 points G. pierced O. 

Az. 2 pikes hiuriaotj on a chief G, 
^ plates. 

Barrv of 8 O. and G. 

A. a fefs in chief % eQoiles G. dt S. 

Barrv of 6 A. and Az. a bend G. 

Ill the rkh tracery i^ints. 

In the South wall of this aile, againft 
the altar, the upper ptrt cf the two rich 
flails; one formerly held the holy water 
bafon, or pii'cioa. 

Here are bralslcfs flabs for a man and 
three WHres, two at his right hand ; two 
fliicUts above ; thice |^roupes ot children 
^d two plates belf'W. 

Againfl the North wall is a mural 
flionumenc for Lady Elizabeth Peruin, 
Wi'e of Henry Dojlryj and others. 
Jier fi|»ure cumlMrnt, ^n a ruff, and 
piai'ed gown, and bonfeis of rouv down 
the from c>f her mantle, Waning her 
fiyhr elbow on acufliion, and holdtntr in 
her left hard a book. (t. in cliitf A. 
3 rftitilct S. quanerinf! Barrv ot 6 O. 
ai>d Ax a \ytna C>. wid* a crescent of 
diHeience. Over her thi^ :nlc!iption, in 
canit4(« ; 

MaMOaiJE SACRUM DIOMIIIM. 



houi'o: 



DCMliViK l:.Ll^<^Bll ThJC 



DOMIKi^ 



* Surb sn one, with the figure of St. 
Faith, 15 on tlie trnnb of jo)>;i ^hiiih^ff in 
Jl fm m o a cJiarcb, ^ojthumptowkUmm^ 



To the memory of 
Mahy uif^ of the Rev. 

HUMPHHfY OaISSBOBOUGM, 

%\*i«died27 Ort. 1775, 



♦ Set BnAgts, U. xv.. 



KiSa 



a 

J 1-8 Church Nates tnJten at Henley ami Benfingtom f A^g. 



ATfo ttic ahove 

"Mr. Gamfborouph 

■ dic3 (\ittdcn!jj, iifter beinj 

upwartts of 28 years minifler of 

this concregatifin. 

Ob. 23d of Auguft, 1776* 

accd 57 years. 

Bt ye alfi) ready. 

At the Ejft end cf th church ia a 
good inn^ih' )^^o Lion, ^nd in rhe ccd- 
ire of tlic town anohcr, tUc Bell, kept 
by Mr Trip)^; (?pi^«ht- ro wh'ch is a 
■ Chafcl, bull' for a Methodif^ conk;rrga> 
fion, i>ur now ci:>uvcrted inio a Honc- 
ciKtcr's flop. 

Ontlk4r North fide cf th- <^ret IcadiRjr 
to the church is an ol^ lloau j^atcway, 
whofe arch confift"J of five luouldingb, 
jhe cute: mod foj-ra'd ot roundels, the 
fecond of nailheail i|j^ri finis, the chrd 
is rmin*«\ the tcunli j 'oincf! wth iW'ho 
Mrds' hcH' s, a ar Ifity ar' i>jrforii in 
this counrv ; tht: titt!., 01 jrh rnioli, is 
rtjund and plain. Tlie pillar- round, 
mi.'h fv>ti;'^c on t- e rapir«.i-. Wi:} in, 
cntheVtft, »r tvv.« wo 'ii<:n do«Ms, like 
college huttcfics. S me 'jf vour anii- 
quariao conrfpondents luav pr*haps in- 
form \ou wh'-ther thrs was a rciij^ious 
|iDUi'ciart« n or foroe anti nc hoipta). 

At Bensington, on the road from 
Henlc 10 Uxti>id, 1 took the foilowing 
-lbL>'c^ in the church. 

Againil the South wall of thr. chancel 
m monument for J. hn VVi(e, lincn-dra* 
per and cit'Z-n of London, 1711, aged 
♦7- William Wife, erf WaP.inpfoid, 
gcDt. 1759. aired 50. Kit hard Wile, 
l^c.-.t. 1740. ayed 56. Arms, Az. 3 
ci.cvn»i)ri»i G, i»n 1 Erm. CiJlt, a Ico- 
pjid*- h'-7<i loot d in n €< to: tr. With- 
in tive kl^anrci a ImjIs plati, inicribcd^ 

Here Hcih the bodic cf 

Sttphkn Smv I n, ( f Turners Cort. 

He decc.le.! tlio zStli of 0<fto- 

bc; in tlie yc.i of our lurJ i6l 6. 

On tte fam- fl.^h. R eh«<id Wilt, 1740. 
On the aI;Jr-c]v^rh, 

1 11 S (in glorv) 

17x3 
r.x i'«m) x^:^ T.*(h. 

Tn x\\c Uiiflv !t ..ilc were the brafs fi- 
r'.nt> o' a \\\,\\\ and wonun anl their 
I'oni. and iw.i ihie'.ds, a 1 ^ nc ; hut liie 
,fx daugl.tuis, in veil htad-drtdcb, re- 
main. 

On another flal> a \n\.h hcadlcfs man, 
in a tuirtd H^*vn : 

eiitin^u.-? 'x\tz':x\ j:?i(, fp?;f eft cr.rccrc 
sn vfT*::; nut moitcui IMlh hon 



fiitje iiMttzi- 
•?9orJs ftcinitu^ inbtDem, nee finit eOt 
fenem. 

Over a fon, gone, at his righr, ^Ja- 
ni2li(> a group: and infcripcion ar his 
reft, gone. On the Jcdge found : North 
(ide, 

omsrt!) o.ui quiomi ^alicImuiS 

On the Sourh fide, 

3!ulii aitno 

A: the Eart end of tht North ailc are 
the tables of bcncf.i;:!ors. The nave 
re. IS on three pointed archts with round 
piliirs, and the two WclUrnir.i.rt r.miii 
pillars have flowerfd capi ah. The font 
is plain, fliapc' like a cup on a rhifr. 
Under the fiI.;>inL--^al|.rrv, ajf^inft Uxe 
Noith-wcft pillar, thi^ infciiotion : 

M. S. 

To the pious m«mory 

of Ralph Qu i l c f j f uw^ ] a v k hf- wife, 

^ rbed by t.ic fjAce of 

who flspt \ toR«thcr I AO y^': r-, 

iM»\ IL'iie j ill I gravciillChnitrhaU 

He 7 fell aflcep \ 16*9 ? being C t>o 
Ibc S An'o DV.i i i6io J .^ged 1 59 

r \ ( the new 



For the j 

fn.iit (,f ^ 

tlieir f 



labours 



I 

I 

I 



bodies 



[ 



Iinii hcre^ 
built at 
their owq 
chi^rge, 
one only 
fon Afui 

tWCJu 

dnnqrlitcrs. 



Their foi b-jing liberally bred 
in the L-nivt-rfuy of Oxfcird, 
thought hinaiclf bound to ci€t\ this 
fmall 
monu- 
in« 



mall f 1 

lonu- I their I . • , . , C God 

n.nt1 his fl"^^y^°«^^''ithcin, 
of V. J 



AN"D*NI 16... 

In the rhurcil are two heavy tombs ta 

meuiory of 

Thomat. OpAr^TH/.M. buililer, of 
VV,it<':o}r St^cl'^^ '^o'w, mi in.luftii.His 
circfr.ll t;thtT, wi o ditid in 1781, aged 72. 
1 am t red of !:fc: and, won d iheFiit.s rcc.jll 
My former year, and fpivad ihr. b!.)om of 
youth [itbt-rrows, 

r»ayo*ei t''cfec!)cck<, whet'? Age i.;:'.;.'ou:v!.M 
IM throw, t'it m h.itk t'.cir hivonrs, ;i.::J rcfur« 
Ag:ii'i »otiUvl:j^r: beneath the lo^d of life, 
A 'id bc;»: the circle of perpetual woe. 

* .So riearnc, in cccafi -nd remarks at 
rh'j ^nJ of hjs rtl'fion of Ro;»cr'i Life of 
Miic, 1726, 3vo. ji. 261. 

•V bevei«. H. 



179S-1 ^^■''^ ^^^ ^ Benfingtofi, Tettfwcnh, unJ Landiilph* 7 19 



WUImp GmidtfBi bom io thii poriflM 
died'i772» »8»d 54. ' 

* A loving hufiMndtlui iaihil|imt father^ ^.- 
a fincere friend to Ihe dtftirf^^ 
aUk} wie pofleft of thofe qwUtivf 
^hich coaAitiHe Oie good Qhiiftbuu 

«f AMBtf-pBTtVy died I747*8» 9/!'^ SI* 
Whgs'M-chou art, tbat to tliii ftuqe<!raws 






Yet i>i^il« a while,aiid draptba pitying t^ar. 
Hpy whofe pale ccnrfein filence flerp krloiYi 
Late knew ^itii s^nerous Er'ieQ)ithip*s A4aia 

togfaw; 
Oajr as lie was fu numbood*! freiheft bIooiti> 
Wdl 'might he Iwpe lor uumerooi years to 

coroty 
Yet Death hat fnatcht him to an early tomb. 
Uf MB timely learoiif youth thosfmk" in dufty 
; HnwvaininlnimaihlHeisBlloiirtnift. 

He rented the toll of Loudon -bridge. 

On a head-ftonei /aid to be fiir a child 
if two years oId» 

The laffiof worid, tnrped pOjEti iimde a pity* 
I eane la M % diilikodi and went Bw;^. 

Agiiioft the Eaft wall of ^the North 
tnn(ept of St. Mark's, Oxford, this in* 
fcrip:ion in honourof the late Lady Pom • 
fret, daughter and folc heir of John Lord 
JeflPcrys, Baron <:f Wem, who died 
1761, having, on &.€ death of her lord, 
1753, 6[iven to the Unix-erHty the flrttues, 
&c. colleded by his f^thcfi William Loid 
LcmpAer. 

HmaiiTTJC L0U11JE Farmor, 

Thomae Comitis de Pomfret viJuX| 

mairifamili^iS 

nrlfllirx fidei Si exempli 

jpM^ prudciitis, venernhilis, domiiedci 

aviti O'jbilitatb 

acmonmrelcgantia fv^^biU, 

Sopbia Caneret'* k Louifof Fannor 

ftviae roatri 

benemerenti 

inter 

Infifniia artis antiquac monmnenta 

' qoaBTiver.s liberali animo 

pofucrat 

faae etiam pieUiti tinilum 

£;icundu(n p;)fuere 

nonreuics. 

li tHe RadcHffc litnary are two mag- 
aifccip^ CsntScIkbrj, cf yxhht niar!>'e; f>n 
oa^cbrec cranes fupfortamin kneeling, 
ivitkferBents at Iiis knees ; ihc ouicr has 
Chnt'tClMfs' I& the panncl* or \\}c triia- 

- -- ■ nfi- 



cure with a pr-ki*, or'finill (i*ii-M in il 



of John ),:.r\ Cr..nvil>, hy 
fophia bar cidett d:.ughCerf uhfxlic^^ 17J^• 
f Lady of tine bed«cbamber to the Priuccfs 
Amelia. 



form of acrffcens pcjrhapt f^r Mart, 404 
Pahas : at. tlic aigi^i (hic« elephants* 
hKs^9 and it reds on thiee fi«t, witk 
eyes. 

All that remains at Ofenev are (nmt 
old huildinitfc #t tl^e mtIK paitof thofe i« 
Hcarne's TrxiusJiottVrtfii, p. 317. At 
Rowley the amis of Richard kip|r of the ' 
Romans, nt the end «if a ^arcteo-wail, 
tl»e lion rampant in a border btzjnitr,and 
the fnread e«gte with two heads *nd ia^ 
the lame will -an arch hied up. Tlia 
gate and poftcrn pooe. 

Tbttiworth chutch in of one pace^ 
the na\c divided bv a pUin round arck 
fiom the chancel, which has lancet Win* 
dows. :The Smith poich has a touo4 
arch, with the holv Lamb hetMiccn two 
half* figures of fMnts with hatrantf beank| 
enc has ilic ri^hr hind lifted up, and a 
book in the left ; the other h a biibep^ 
in a taiiiTe#- his ri^ht hand liftrd tn give 
the blefliney ■■ his l-fca cn>6cr. Tiefe 
fignres are'poorly drawn in your vol LX. 

p. 17. 

On the N(;nh fule of the cbsticel is « 

tahtrt for Thomas Cozens, who d:ed in 
^1^9* >g^<^ 77* ^^ <'>c South fifie, in 
the window, hn I'.olv - water- bafon, and - 
unoer 'it a black cofhn-fafhiorcd itoi.e« 
(oiid, tltrcK feet and an haif long, aiui tiz 
inches tliick» the fide and top adorned 
wiih quatrefoils juft vihbie. la tlm 
middle aile the braU figures of a irtaji in 
gown and hair, and a \iomao in veil 
head drcfs and gown. The paipic is 
daired iiSr)6. The font i^ round, co a 
locg fluted Ihatt. 

On a Brafs Tablet f«'L»iiiiu?ph Church, /n tU 
County C'/'Ccyriiwail, witbtU Ronnaii Ea^/e^ 
fe'fc-. at the Top, 

" Here lyeth die b^'dy of Theodobo 
FAi.EOLoaus,of Pt laioJTi it.i!ye,(ic{cemled 
from the Impci 1. i lyi.c uf ilic idix Ciirii\ian 
r.n»pcrors t>f <»(cccc, hejng the r>nne of 
Camiiio, the tonne of fVof 'cr, ihc iwnne of 
1'heodoio, the foiinc (i\ J'v'tn, thei'oiineof 
Thoma?, fec« 11 " br i» er i • CitmiVintiiie Ha- 
le.noJu , t:.c 8tti of ii'ii' »'ainr, Aa<l l.^ft t-4 
th.r. I\r;c. that i';i;i n>:>i in Coitlt'iiiiiiopis, 
iiTiftll fu f'cwcd by ihe i u kr'i : %%h • '>i«'.r- 
ritd urh M.\iv t* c ih'-^* 'rr cf W : Itim 
Ba'ii>. Oi H .i!l.e, in S.'Uitulke, 5- i and had 
iJne 5 ch. -lio:!, I'Mm-r^, John, l crJt- 
nnndo, Ms«i«, »id Dcio - ♦, jna dcp'rvrU t!i»s 
hfeat Chfron* the 2 tit of la.ivary i6i6.*' 

hpi- 

* Ti:c fc X of .» J'ii Ni«:h«ilas Lower, in the 
p?riihoi L'.iiuun'ii. Sir r '.kill • ^ i*«ai,;, ic 
i". iinl, «>» tir; I<ci.n.'ii «.a«h"lic penu;d;ou, 
P.ilei)h»gi»s p ••! hiM I v«tV.» wa'='*^:\J^s:w\VV,w\\ 
died Uierc. Sir Sw-bovai c-uitil Wvw v\viw\- 



y20 



MiUafbp/li* 



Ipitaph /« BfwibouniCbiirc1>-Tafx!,H€rtf| 

ly OH Hufiandii bii Tw PfTvet. 
rBATH! Oh Death! what hail thou don ? 

4pft thou not care } 
To make a breach, which ages can't repair : 
A Krcach indeed, for who 4id ever hear 



m Walton /# Londoa* [Aug« 

About fix o'clock ftw thrae fcmile 
gvp(ic« at their repoTe under the cover of 
a tborn*buib, and the <crcea ot a hedge* 
bank, their bed the greea turf. 

There is, apparfotly, a d'ftindiow of 
rank»&c. amriigft thefe wanderen. The 



Of two yKho livM in love more with their firft partv nonced had propefiv a cover- 

huflianddcar. [difpofe, jng ©f tattered fragments and old red 

Bnt oh, alasl they 're fallen, yet God did fo cloakt to fcreen them fiom the dew of 

They muft return frcim whence they firlt heaven, and cattle (two affcs) to tranf* 

arafe: port their chattch; the UH faeiD very 

The ftars above us thus their courfes run, 1^^^ iodced ! 

Retumingbackfroniwhencetheyfirft be^un. «poppy top-knots deck** the core aad 

But,did I faythey'refairn> nay,butflay me ^^^^^ iiVomVplaces. 

**'"^' ..^ rt. ITiJii/Ar. Sit Dtthit nieht here. Walk- 

The preceding epitaph is an excellent j^^j^fty generally appears about fctrea 

'axaeaplc of the mixture of the pompous ^j.^jod^ m the evening, walking, chat- 

and of the familiar ftyle of the writer • • ^ •-=- 



evening, walking, 
tine, and enjojring th» company of hit 



u wi vitw *•— — — .'J - tine, anu cojuying «•• %^tuy***.j w. ».• 

The following one was copied on ac- |•^l,jcasJ with all the affability and coa- 

unt of tU patience and virtues it dt- jj^fcgnfton of a private gentleman. To 

ribes of a fickly widow rearing twelve ^^ j^jj^ ^r^,^y humble is in the prefencc 

notwithftanding the ditticulues ^^^^ ^j ^is Creator, proftrating himlelf 

I by ficknefs and diftiefs : before the throne of Him who has pro- 



count 
fcribes 
children, 

occaGuoed by ticknels and dutieis : before the throne of Him who has pro- 

Twelve childran's wanU her widow'd care miied to regard ttie petitiont of thofc 

fupply'ds [creas'di u where two or three are gathered to- 

Tyough CQEiftant pain her anxious toils in- 
Subniifively the Uv'd, iiiverely try'd, 
jLod aed to reft, by Death's cokl hand re- 

leas'd. 



A Metiorolocist's Toua raoM 
Waltom to Lohdow. 
(Coniinuid ff9m p.>6ai.> 

OXFORD, JuMg as* Attended morn- 
ing prayers at Chriftchurch, and af- 
terwards the fermoR before the Vice- 
chancellor and Univerfuy. Heard the 
celebrated Crotch pertorm, in great 
ftyle, on the grand indrumtnt in that 
ciiurch. Saw him, the proccffions, mod 
of the colleges and halls. The grand 
paioitd window in New-college I was 
difappointed a fight of, being covered 
up, the chap^l under repair. 

Fifty miU-ftone. Wheat in full ear. 
In maov fields the tops of the blade wi- 
thered and fickly. Tbc day calm and 
,pl«f<tnt. WindN.W. 

Btnfon, June 24, tive o'clock in the 
rroroing, ibe cowherd founding hi- hoin 
to route the milk-maids" 10 be prepjircd 
on his retuin trom the comman p^fture 
with the tillage c<»ws. 

A'der-Uny fprings, and dog-To(e in 
bloom. 



went to be creeled to his menuMy. The 
houft) is an old Gothic ilrn^lurtf, »nd the 
kitchen v. as occupied by ih« parilh-tlcik 

about tG;\ vwrs 111 ice, when rhs in cri4>tion - y • , > , " -n ~ i 

V,:.. tiikcii' Qu. wlvrtlicr my Oefcsndaats of celebrated grorio j but ihc willow, pU 
f/i/i loj ^ line sjc how LiUii, aixl wlicrc ? cd bj lu^ o\v:v hAads^ dues credit to 



geiher." 

Amongil the many magniQcent exhi* 
bitions in this pbce, to gratify the fight 
of a traveller, is tiie tr'fiing bauble pre- 
fcnted by the Duke of Marlborough, 
for the lordfliip of Blenheim, every ad 
of Auguft, whereby he holds his tenure, 
a ftaff and mantle. 

In the round tower found a baroroetei 

and thermometer; the former %9^is' 

the latter 68». This day gloomy, rati 

fomc hours about the middle of the day. 

%5. Faffed throufsh Runny mede, th 

fpot (• celebrated for ciLabliihing th 

fira rude efforts of EngliOi libert) 

Fancy was at work whilii rolling ovc 

thefc meads, embodying numerou 

images ;•—#. if. here ftood K.ing John- 

here his fturdy barons-^nd there vi 

rious fpeftators — there (lartl up foB 

bold and aole fpeakcr, who loudly d< 

mands, &c. &c. 

The f^vans fporting upon the river, c 
the bark* of wircb wc ^jafs, add to tl 
pic*f:Q^ (ceac. No grals cut up«>n ih« 
n«c..ds. a;id wl.'sch appear, but kantv. 
Pais ihrouk^h (be %\alks where the Ba 
of Twitkeuha-.n walked and roeditatt 
The cloicncib of the paths, well cover 
wsih vcrdaiu tr:c<, (cms well calcuiai 
for convcm,>Ut»on. Tiie monument ra 
ed to the Optima Ma- rum taifcs afft 
tionate fenUiions. I was diiappoir.ted 
my cxpe£laiioa ,of palling through 



1999-3 •'i^mthg ift ^s J$umMtH and _^»m I^nJoa. jat 

MMioi of (Im pl»Kf| fbpporcd in be but not a pea yet KMhcrcd, sorpouioa 

n« larpR iil th« world. It' h (ho- rakcaup. The firft chcmnwereplaclL- 

ibofhlT fuppofttrfi aBd propped in ma- cd yclterdtf. 

■f pticci. Aludfbrafprigof ihittMr. iq. Buff haj. miking all the road 

♦* No J I dire Bbi.*' " A dfciycd firnm Usmtbifif lo Iftlioa ". J^ H. 

branch i" *• No.'* " OdI| a withcrtd — ■ -m 

twig?" Still IB vain. Obrerved a clier- Originml Dtcamisli MK.rnlgf Mr. Ro- 

aiR-Uce, ih> fnik i(i)i(e fbrmcd, the BEKT Vf OOD' \ BltSun at All SonI* . 

WoftbintalldDikcd. Vicwcdthegnkd Colle)!e, Uxloid, 1711. ( P'tmtjid 

■Ml cxieafite proTpcSi at Richmand. ' ''•*• <90 

Pw*9. Sifle* ID the car, and wheat IXTKEREAS the Warden and th» 
iboi out at fall length. itaV-nnking *' Fetlowi On. Anim. Coll. Oxon, 

moft of thi way to town { fonie fitld* have bcci lebounnt^ for fcvcrM jreart to 

deaiedi many (o ;et iai cropi heavy , OiSc and rupprrTi ^1 clarmt of L.-.ilan-i 

A pIcaTwi bland day. Absut two tn- guinity, ogiwiihnaadiqg rhe; are obli* 

tcrcd the mettopoliit and mixEd In the ged hy ftitntc, and tK1^^{^ bt otch, ia 

dontd, all their cleAiont to prefer Tuch u ar« 

7*^ !• Sf'*- More graft feemi tn oF the bloori of iheli hundcr, friiuifa- 

■ow than altcad* mowing j firfl crop* Hftr, tt anit tmmi aliat, and have oo 

af clover houfcd ( wheat, lurlcy, and tight to proceed to the choice of any 

oatt, ia the full car, aod look premifing, oihen, but only, tit d^titntitut, for 

4. Grtml Duam*vi. The countiv la want nf fuch hii relitioni appearing: 
rincnl waaii rain, the earth, in m^ay M' Tham» Wood, of L'lilcion, Mid- 
paeea, open in wide chafmii anil, not- dicfex. being of kin 10 ih; lu'jsder, .in 
wiihRiDdiog the wind hit blown From juH'ce 10 the i>m\\^, and 10 rcre and 
the rainy ijuiner, ilie N W. poini, for cli^bliOi the right ol conranf^iiiaitv, did, 
thice weeki paft, flill no rain. >o 1694. "rder hit fon, Mr. R Wood, 
, 7. tn the MaHei'a Lodge, rrimili * Coil. Wadham (noir Dr. Wood, of 

CalUgt, Camhridgi, baroincier 30* ,o'i D-ii^oii Comtnom), to nprcjr ai ,(,>( 

5. Humiiagdoajhiri and UiifSirJbire bcinj; propeiU dune, the College, 10 
bcgait culling their giafi in gcoeial thii waid off ihe blow, devolted ihe dec. 
daf. '■"" 'o iheVifiiorj who, upon cxami- 

9. Wheat in bloom at the DifiUj nannn, pui thu faid R. Wuud id F.;ll*w, 
ttrm*. ?"« t»Mfa*guii,ui i and ihui he held 

Alieldofgraricuitingaiiheapprnith h>b fellow ibip for Fomir tcirt. Bui the 

nioDtrfyt the ihickell, loogrlt, and Cullege not being detcifflincd by tliia 

AroageA, I ever remaikcd. Cole-feed e.ll-, though it wai a pUin decUtaiion 

Itapiog in reveral placet on the roj<l, of ihe feole of [heir V'lliinr In right of 

10. 1 bad nnian nppoituniiy oi cxa- the coolanguinilf , and what uoitld have 
Sining a ibermnnictcr mylelf any where bten a dirc£tion on thi tike utcrion 10 
Opoa ihe roid ihiid:iyt it wai Fdid lo mndefi and well-deFigiiing men, but 
be in Fevtrat ptacei at high at 90. Mr. lUricring thimfelvet in [hii iliey hid 
Diloa, of Salftrd, bad leinarktd hit »t\rA onl. mi-i/lirialy, and XitMtXmaiu 
own in the fbadc -arile lo 90. Al A^' frop-la, in al> ihr Ijoftquent eleflt .n« 
iarni, a horfe lay de^d in ilit road, h>- (rxcipt ihoFe of ^he i.^o Chichliei), 
ting dioppiil down whill) al t>o(k, ow- they have flill dilcu' 'id the cunfangui- 
lag, at fuppofcd, to the exctlfivc heatj nity, and prufilT^dlv ''ppoied anj' other 
Mother wai faid lo have uccn fceo in claim. Tiie fa'd M.. Wood, iheie- 
tlimil<r naie. Fore, hiving a grarOl-n, nrtmtd aUu 

13. MaHebtfitr\ thermometer in the Rohrn Woc.i, a Gcn::e.i.an C imtnonor 

ftadc P. M. 79- >n the fun iij. tiL vE.le X:i. Uxon, being J^rived Fii.!ii 

17. Oldbam. The; hay Icttni in tt the Ctiich.ics and of the conranguin.iy 

great forwaidncri here, tb'ugli ai ilic of the fuundLi of All Souii College, 

edge of the moon, at ai ManchtHcr, who derigned 10 appear F<ii a h'ellouQi.p 

~. — : _-- - 'jf thatCjlUge 111 ngni (It lin relation, 

• It would be injuflice to Mr. BikeweJ, for which tht flututtt pnncipaJly pro. 

■ well alto our iniciiigcnt cnn'i:{['oaiJeiiii, vide, according ii< ilie uf.i^J oicih-d. lie 

V we wareoottaBi>eai(iiUleiijrh (.wliich exhibited to ihc U'.<idcn uf the Ccllcgt, 

we will do next moutti) hu icmark* on ,. i.^i i. >» . , 

P.OilBf Farm. Em t. • Sw B- h\i. 

Ommt. Mao. JMgi/t, ijfj, • ^a 

6 



ftx ^ Cajk 9f Fnmdtr^s At 

fix weeks before the eleAion, an cxtraA 
oF hii pe<)igree under the. ftal of the 
Heraldi Office, with an authentic copv 
of It attcft(»>l by » public.notary, >wbich 
was to tin in the common room of the 
faid Colle^, thnr the whole fociety 
might have the greater I the rtr of ext- 
minine into it, tnd making the proper 
objeAioos againft his dain ; together 
with federal other tcftimoniats of hit 
aee, and ceniBcatei of hit landing and 
bit morati. all regularly figned. At 
the time of elcdion he offered himCcif 
ai a candidate, and f'ubmitted himfelf 
to the common cxaminationt : after 
whichi it was thought proper, both to 
fiipport hit claim, and at a piece of 
reqpe£t to the Colle|;e, that his father 
ibould . appear in hu behalf.* Aeeor* 
dingiy, he came toOxon, Not. it 172X9 
accompanied by Dr. Harwood, hia 
friends and, the next morning, with the 
faid Dn Harwood^ waited on Dr. Irifli, 
who was one of the deans of the Col- 
lege, to whom he had introdudioos 
from feverat private friends; and^ tn 
difcourfe, gave hioi a good account of 
his fon*i ptrfermanoe^ add which he af- 
terwards confirmed in a letter to Dr. 
Wood. From him they wei^t to wait 
upon the Warden, about noon, who re- 
ceived them very kindly* obje^^ed no» 
thing to the young gentleman's pcr- 
form.mce, but Teemed 10 lead tbtoi into 
an rxpe^ation of his favour. Upon 
raking leave, the Warden invited them 
A.0 dine in thr hall with him ; but. It 
bein^ their great commemoration -day, 
when the tables were likely to be fall, 
and they firangers to the reft of the 
company, which thight likewife have 
given feme umbrage to the difadvan- 
cage of the young gentleman (dj mat- 
ten fiood between the warden and 
many of the fellows), they thought it 
mod advifable to wave the .civility, and 
defined to be excufed. The next day, 
being Saturdar, they began their fcru- 
tiniet, and met thiee t met to no pur- 
pofef but on Sanday ..bout noon the y 

U:made their ele^Vion, and Mr. Winn 
a'*.d Mr. Wilbraham were declared. 
Upon which Dr Harwoud waited upoii 
Dr. Irifli to gtc their Chriftian names, 
ill order to nil up the appeal they had 
brought with rhem ready from London, 
in calethc CoHeoc fliouid drop the con- 
fangumity. Having obtjuncd them, 
they called c n i4r. Cooper, ihc Univer- 
fifv'Rc^ifter, and a Public Notary, to 
^/////y the nir:tter^ unA attend them in 

iJjcJj pro(u:edia£S, mdJj iiaving filled up 



ai All Smdt College* TAug, 

and figned the appeal about three o'clock, 
the ypung nntieman, with a Public No- 
tai^, Dr. Harwood, and Mr. Le Runt his 
tutor, went with it to the warden's lodg- 
ings, in orderto deliver it | but the warden 
feat word by his ferfant, ha was then 
very bufy, and defired them to call after 
prayers, which accordingly they did, 
and about five o'clock the young gen- 
tleman lodged the appeal, offering either 
to read it to him, or that the warden 
might perufe it himfelf s but the war- 
den replied, he did not take it to con- 
cem hui, and therefore wontd not fee 
it; the young gentleman then defired 
that the perions etefted might not be 
admitted, in prejudice of his right, till 
matters were fettled by the vincor, to' 
whom he had appealed. To which 
the warden replied, he Ihould be di- 
rcftcd by the Society; and Dr. Har-' 
wood returned. The young genilemaa 
was not to be blamed to alTcrt his 
right, and that, if the Society came' 
into any trouble, they might thank 
themfelves; for, the young gentleman'a 
friends were refolved to fee it oar. The 
warden to this anfwered, they had done 
what they thought fit, and that he 
might do fo too. The young gentle- 
man then defired of the warden, that, 
fince they hid reje£ked him, he would 
be plcafed to deliver back aft his papers § 
which he promifed to do, but that he 
€Milfl not conveniently meet with them 
till Tuefday, and therefore appointed 
fiiin to come ta him on Tuefday morn- 
ing,^ and he (hould have them. Oa 
Tuefday about eleven o'clock he waited 
on the warden accompanied by Dfm 
Harwood, and demanded his papers. 
The warden then delivered him the 
heralds extraft of his pedigree; but 
faid,' he was ordered by the Society to 
retain the reft, for, fays he, if we muft 
be attacked, it is reafonable we (hould 
have fomething to defend ourfelvea 
with. The young gentleman infilled 
upon having hit tcftimonialt, at what 
was neceflary to be laid before the 
vifitor ; but the warden told him, if 
they were neceflary, he might with no 
great trouble have them afrelh from 
the fame hands, but that he was order- 
ed to keep them, and he determined to 
adt nothing io this cafe but with the 
confent of the Society. Upon which 
they were left with the warden ; and the 
young gentleman and the Dbftor took 
their leave of him without any feetning 
refemment. 

(Ts kt C9iiSinii(d. J 



i^3'1 SMhr- ^TSsle^u*! iMttr t» Gtmrtl Dnmearier. 7^3 

cbtftdrnd tthu paSU ibm M iki Bflbft «( 
«d the Iten^ erdor, wMch H intr^ 

tMii and 1 AuMnd fl^Mf tftt ih; hop* 

•BM. SVKrWiwflf ^MOMMMHUtf 
•rdM- «M •wMTMf in tK>ian.-bwt lbs Mt 
erf ttfl jmmW MM [n iht aaJRiiiMM uf pno* I 

/rarH wOMircHerpMtof lt|*«ai*«<i 
ii MtM fi« bAigdnwD imtJM Qn|«i« 
nnlitppr drcomlbnwn Tbii Kill adnM 
FnucB t«an7'b«■aHblMItf'M)rl'eallll■ 
DiH, )o mm hw MWAoiiK, aiid^tomi; 
Atfoar -to ViABitnM* «wA dvOrinaf *i 



bi* pt^cAii ooe of wbicb WM, lb* ha* 
niliatioa asd anBibilaiion of tiu p*tt] 
prikcci andBcwoti uT Ginnaay.. Ht 
diqtd at tlie iabIfl.o( .aae.'of tbc priqcca 
(^ tbat bmrci apd a parcel being 
brought to bim during dinaer. hB|'spei>* 
edit, aod diflribatcd anioDgll ibc rom- 
^d; feireral priolt nf himfclfi «bich 
were the coctcnii oF the parcel, and 
wbich he hid piobabl; orducd. at that 
time, and for that purpote. But be re- 
ceircd a fcecK and wcll-iimad repanec 
upon tbe rutjeCI of tbe execution of 
LMiitXVI.i for, baTinj^faid IboittbiDg 
Tclataac thereto, and having at the fimc 
tinte pnt bii band to hit head (pethapa' 
at a toJcEn of affc£led forrow), the Prui> 
ccfi Frederica oF MccUcDburih, Who 
It betrothed to Prince Looii of Pnifliat 
laid to him with foroc vivaciiv, ■' Quoi, 
MooGeur, TDUl J foBKel diji?" At 
Imttgaid and other placet bii coodufi 
waa cquatit *Bia iikj ridiculoutj and 
bf baa left DcbiDd bim in the Empire no 
giber charaAcT than that of an unpriu- 
cipUd man o( talenti, accompanied by a 
inoie than cdmnton mixture of Fr^ntb 
Usiljji inroleacc, and iBconfc^ence. 
Your*, Ite, Viatok A. 

*• 1 bivf receiifld, fir, your Uctar of the 
tatt, and am mudi Itirpriied i» flnl that 
Vm> an Rill ai Meitentbeim. I bad hoped 
ttBt]n««addhaTcdone jaftlcetDihanN)- 
4BMboii wbkh I had obfircd in Uit ordm 
wbid) 1 savalomynaAlnUer, to ensag* 
fOtttft.nwkaaatlier'pLiae nf abode. But 
foa tfV>ar, by your later, to f«i|uii« a 
naitf ampla explaaMiao of ecy ttntiiticaia, 
wtBCblihwafwaoMtka DO delay iacamiBti- 
^iating to jau> Fntice, diAaiiad in iu iiw 
teridr hf d^flBrant bftiona withoM princi- 
ple, at firft infpifcil me with pxy, which t 
bsHorn ti wcaihlrii wmdicf ten Jbce, by 
fii^ainK^ oMiveptd inio l.onvr. 1 had 



■of lb.£lUb«ts io Jtranca aa wad a* to ttaa 



... TtisiSain* 

flmOteil •pdbriWat* aaaanar in.nvtuch yon 
coautunM.^B maiataw neither exeafa 
DOT oWicaan tha meiMvT /oC tbe BiiU wt^i^ 
yon hate broq^ umd huma^itF- 

" I fpeafc not tJ^th« mtnoer in which 
yoo ouiited the' Fieneh'army'i my spiDion, 
wholly direOed, like that sT a griTate per-' 
Ion, by Chitinieati of loyalty, probity, and 
hoDour, could by no mam be ^tceable to 
yon I and I ara bafipT ibat ym can' have 
confiderad a* a mark of aArCm the coTwTity 
bfihe yNUick to fas (ha author WiMrmii- 
fanmei, and the otijeA of their apprahm> 
Seai^ no kn|er ctpibia of injuring them. 

■"Hut friitlfttt have Hut - changwl, but 
t i nm^liiia an akand i and, if iba pvM 
powera ibiok that y OB nuy be oCsful lo tbnn, 
cr. if yon ooncaiva that tbey are indebted to 
ypo, I afflore yoD-llia^ n fur myfclf, ai a 
limpla indiTidiial, chaigad with ih« aJmini- 
ftratioa of (otna couwriet who hs> a etcAad 
tne for theii' chief, I caoiuX be of Uiat api> 
nion, nor can 1 enter Inia aiiy inieieourta 
with you I bat I am tbe rather bound to r^ 
peat Um orden giisn to my ftadiholder, to 
BCa^ratc yiAir dejimure. Thefe ate the 
'- -' Withwhicblam, fct." 



Aug. I 



Mr. Ui BAH, 



Kcred I he 



:ILuke 



he wal TiGting j friend at Addtibuiy. 
If Mr. Copley wifbed to borruiv or ob- 
tain a drawing from it, prob.ibiy your 
terrcrpAndcai, Mr. Wonidon, who Ji 
much eftfcmed, and kecpi a buardipg- 
fcbooi on a very nfpcfimble footing la 
the fame eillage, would be abl< to pro- 
cure it flit him. 

The Jiame account of Vi I- '9.'a\- 



f 24 Curious P$9^raUs,'^NlftiMj rf HampfliiTe iidimdn [Aug. 



and of an anonymous print of Sir John 
Hotham on horfcback, is given by 
Granger. What your CorrefpondeDt 
C«rre£tort p. 618, gituers from Mr. 
Bromky't excellent catalogue is all 
to be found in the Biogr. Hift- vol. II* 
p. 11 7» and p. x8i» 8vo, ex^pt the cir 
cumftancc or the print of Sir J. Hotham 
bcine in Sir W. Mufgrave'a c^llc&ion. 



and avcwtd enemiii thtm tbofe of bi% ftiends^ 
hoive^er. he might regret that fuch a caU« 
mity Ibould happen to thmy 

YouiSf &c. Christianus. 



Mr.URB A N,F«^iCr|»/'«<^7^i(«f#,jf jrj?.a4 

PERMIT me, through the channel 
of vour widely- circulated Maga- 
zine, to apprise the publick in general* 
p. 6ii» col. ay J. iiy r. '* c^mpofque/* and ihofe gentlemen in particular who 
Yours, &c. RuiicoLA. were pleafed to encourage^ my Propofals 

.....i.*.^ for an Hiftory of U^mpihire, that all 

Mr. URBANff Attg- 13. preparations towards a publication of 

IN my anfwer to An Emmy t9 ?irjicuf this nature are. on my pait, finally 
tion^ p. 495, a matenal nnc has been difcooiinurd. 
omitted. The pafTage fhould run tbust , I earneilly hnpa this de(irable work 
" 1 would aOc L.L. if houfes and tlioir n»ay be (][>eedily undenakcn by fomc 
contents 4/« to be demolifhed, whether U one more equal to the tail, than myfelf. 
bad not raikier they were tb^ji of hit dttUmd RlQH ARp WarN£R, jun. 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 1795. (Q%ntimuid fmm p. 631. J 



H. OF LORDS* 

Fibrumrf 15. 

IN a Committee of Privileges, adopted 
the opinion delivered by the Judges, 
that the certificates of the qualiHcation 
of certain Lords were good, notwith- 
ilandng their bearing date two days 
prior to the day on which their Lord* 
ftips qualified, by taking the nece^ary 
oaths* 

Rcjefied the vote of Lord Belhaven 
as bad. 

Found the vote of Lord Napier good. 

Re}e£ied the vote of Lord Nswark 
as b-id. 

Found the fubfcription of Lord Kin* 
naird, written by inadverence " Kin- 
noul," a good fubfcription, and fuftain- 
cd his vote. 

In a[Committee on Stewart's divorcr^ 
bill| the queftion bcine put, that th< 
claufe baflardifiog the iifue ftand pan of 
the bill. 

Lord Tburlow and the Duke of A/«r- 
fiik objefled ftrongly to the claufe, as 
involving the mod important rights of 
parties who had no opportunity of be- 
ing heard in their dt^cnce. 

The L$rd CbaMCfUor and Lord Stor- 
wont differed from the Noble Lords, antl 
thought the circum/lanccs of the pre- 
fent cafe as ftrorg as could poffibly oc- 
cur, as ihe poflibility of accefs was to- 
tally excluded, without impeaching the 
chara£lers of the witnelfes. 

Contents in favour of the claufe 5 

Not-contents 4 

In the CommonSf the /ame daj> Mr* 

5 



Grtn'ui/lf obferved, that part of th^ 
fubje£t to which he had called the at- 
tention of the Houfe, relative tp the at- 
tendance of its members on days of baU 
tot, to try the merits of contelled elec- 
tions, remaining unfettled, particularly 
the mode of receiving the excufes of 
gentlemen who may With to be abfent 
on the davs of balldt^ he ^ould pro- 

{>ofe that Wednefday and^Monday next 
>e appointed for that purpofe; and at 
that time the Houfe would judge of the 
validity of fuch excufes. He did not 
mean that on other days excufes could 
not be received; they ibould of'courfe 
be heatd on their own (nerits when theif 
abfencQ was reported from the Chair. 
All he wifhtd was, that the excufes tp 
be made by thofe who might be abfent 
on paiticular days of ballot Ihould b^ 
heard and determined on Wednefday 
and Monday next. He then moved to 
thot tf[t(\f and the Houfe agreed to it. 
The rcfolution for taking into cuftody 
thofe who Qjsll >iot attend, &c. 00 cer- 
tain days of ballot, was then put ^nd 
carried; as were alfo the other regujjt* 
(ions upon this fubjc6Va anei particular 
days appointed for the ballot for Com- 
mittees to der.'^^imine on the remaining 
contefted eIe6\iJns. 

The Houfe refolving itfelf into a 
Committee, to take into confideration 
the amount and the expenditure of the 
Kai^ India Company's fertlements ; Mr. 
Dtiftt/as lUted to the Committee, that 
hx years had elapfed fmce he had fiill 
recommended the meafme of bringing 
forward annu^,\\^ aii ^ccouut ut i\lc iitvi- 

ax\(iti 



6. I>^ <^i 31(1 Tao. i29ft» 

Iq (aidisi 'upounted t6 ' C, Rt. 9f08,4'5i5o| 

7. Amooot of dfito in Wiai 
beuins iiKBreft 31ft Jia. t "919 

^' ^^ ^93>3S43s 
AmoMofttiatiiKbreft C Rr ' 59912^00 

Amoonc frem latar dit« £. 6,A69|Oik 

Ami hiterelt on chtt 5^<>9S9 

8. N«t teplas «ftiroaiai m, 
fir MMM^ tftcfif^iof iR 

charges «im1 iaioraft • iC*i|050|iiy 

■ i9* PiioH coft.of (ooiUi oqk' 

sfenff of c|ur«^ yMn» frora 

1790 U> »791» /*»^ «WWI iC-lf jS0»7«t 

. Cnftoms dkto **^%*3 < 

Freight and deroorraRv 7'7>451 

Ch^rgei of merchandlfo 3061 1 8 s 

Toral prime-coil -^Ad chaigei *! 

"tO; Amoantjot goods fold ^ 



fdrS mm^m j PruaHnis «/ £«nlr m^ Cmmmmfff 1 793. 7af 

arfoB of the Bdl Isdia Compwy's af- ,j5- »« m«««,^^tar cifU, 
iiirt. That ncalbni bad beta attended 
vitb the moft (afaitify coolequettces. It 
bad prodqc& % rtgnlar traofmiffioo of 
aceouBta from ladiay-Ba iocreafcd de» 
g*B* -of ovtioB ttd"«ccmra€3r> and a 
waichftil inlevlf ui ttl4 tbe ditfer«»|. 
•ftaUiiidMnta. Htiberto hit ftatctneaci 
bM rslatod onlj to dio fiiuadoa of the 
Cooipsny'a affiiri at far as it rafptAed 
their for«^^ soffilBoiis. The prefnt 
Raieaaeiit would be made wiih'a d:f«*- 
reat view, and a difierenc obje^ it 
would be infiuitely mora comprcheniWai 
ioafmuch as it would issplicate beth the 
Conpau j's affairs at home and abtoad. 
He then opened the grounds and the 
refult of all the propofitionft which he 
bad intboded to'fubmit to the Commit* 
tee, wicbouc taking, into his friew aof 
probable ioerealc of the territorial re- 
venues or thecoflMaerciaL profits^ which 
be might have been jufti^ed in doing | 
and fo convinced was he that his fiate- 
nenr was nnattacluble, ihac he meant 
mdt to call for the dccifion of the Com- 
mittee on any one of his propcfttions 
till rhey had full time to eoniider sod 
compare them with the documents. He 
meant to do more; adventurous as it 
iriight feem, he meant to print them all 
togechert with the remarks he had now 
tod^t upon them. Ic might be faid^ 
tluit all his calculations were founded on 
the projed of peace, and that we were 
now adually at wari .but the enemy 
wkh whom wo were 1 now at war was 
not very likely 10 difturb the peace of 
our EaA- India pofle (lions i and our na* 
vnl6rengih was fuch as to prevvnt, if 
not all accidents » at lead any confide* 
lable evils. He then concluded, by mo* 
vingy that the . following refoiutions 
Aeuld lie on the table* and a fufficient 
number be printed for tbe ufe of the 
members. 

M0rmS Rtfohthns. 

f . Revenues of Bengnl, Ma* 
drssy and Bomttay, en an ave- 
nie.of three years, I787r8 to 
Jl789->«* arooumed to jCM^7,73P 

Cliarges ditto . 5i*33i7»7 

s. Net reycnutfj on fAme a- . 
verage, after alloivias 50,000 (• 
for bcticoolen and Puumgi ^ 

naouated to >C'<>^'49^I3 

3. Country ceded bjr Tippoo 
StdtaOyflatedat pagqdas 1 3 , 1 6»y 6 5 
ellimaiaU by the Diredtors at iC*39o^00O 

4. Future revenues* of India, 
eClmiated at fcr «««oti ;C'^9963>^^5 

Charges^ includiqg coromer- 



rfon average of three years j^.5yt03>094 
"Eiaceedmg -frbae-eoft en*. . 
charget - . " 916,497 

ti, y rim e » ft andchargaaof 
goods to be fold annmdly in fu- 
ture, are eftiaMted at i(«4,a44|69t 

IX. Annual fale of goods, efti* 
mated to ampunt in future to iC*4»9S8^3oo 
Exceeding prime-colt 743*60^ 

13. Profit on privi^e trade| 
on average of three years, a- 
meunced to £. 83,39^ 

Climated in future at 70^000 

14. Net annual forplos on the 
whole trade and revenues, after 
payment of dividend of eight f» 
cMT^eftilnated at iC*M39>t4t 
. 15. Translerdebt paidoff in 
England in three years jC-2|8s||I|| 

] 6. Debts at home, exdudve 
of capital - Aock, including 
£'^A$h^S^ gI transfer debts, 
calculated at iC't0|6e|^69 

17. Company's effbdls in Eng* 
land a-float, and including quick 
{l(ick in China, cilcolatedezdu- 
fire of fome old debts iC*'3iO 159449 

i3. Alletsinlndiaybylaftad* 
vices, amounted to C. Rs- 4i0934f05f 

Exclulive of debts due to the 
Company, amounting to C» Us. 3951 »83^3S 
Current Rupee at as. 
Pagoda 8s. 

Bombay Rupee %%. 3d. 

- ' Mr. Huftjf faid| the triumph at the 
India-houfe was perhaps dearly bought 
at the expence of two pet nut. additi* 
onal dividend \ and, as he undeiftood^ 
1 renewal of the charter for 10 years. 
. ■* ■ ■ 

Ik .OrLOK.Ot« 

Fi^Morf a6. 
Went dovin 10. W t^«C\Tv^tT*>M\\ \» 
the triid of Yfici^i^ \f^«Kv^^) tX^v^v 



9 1 6 Pm^namnfMij Pr§g§0«Sngs $/ L§rdi tmd Cmmmujw 1 793* 

ivhere Capt. Groom wai examined by inform that Houfe of tbcir inuntioa to 

the counfel of Mr. Haftings on the Be- proceed %x fuch anufual hour $ the con- 

Km charge, and croft- examined by tha fequcace watt that the Commons were 

magert. After which the mntiny- not prefent ; and he, preferring the for* 

bill wit read the fii ft time. • theranca of fubftannai jntttce, to the 

■ ' ' ■ formt of legal pfocedure, proceeded to 

In the Commoat, the fame day, Mr. the Halt, to fupport the impeachment* 

WUherforrf thought it unnecefl'ary, after Having thot ftated hit conduft, he 

the formal and very deliberate decifion fubmitted it, as he felt it his duty to do^ 

of the laft ftrflion, to mtke an attempt to the opinion of the Honfe. 

o^ enforcing the motioni he was about to The Speaker lamented that the Lords 

ftinkf^ by argument, unleft any obfer^a* had not intimtftcd their intention of 

t:ons ihould be offered whidh he might proceeding at an earlier hour than nfual, 

have occafionto reply to. He then mo- and complimented Mr. Burke on his 

ted, *' th4t thf Houfe refolve itftlf into cooduA, on which he obferved there 

9 Committee, to confider of the Hate of could be but one aphsion in the Houfe. 

the flAve-trade, en Thurfday next." The Cbemcelhr •/ ibe Exchequer 

The mo inn was feconded bv the ChmW' mo^ed, ** That, under the circumftae- 

ieikr ef tie Exchequer, and fupponed ces,this Houfe doth highly approve the 

bv Mr! Moflt^gMf Mr. W, Smth, and condufk of the Rigiit Hon. Edmund 

JAvrnFaxi and oppofed by Sir JIT. 2^iCfigt Burke, and the' other managers, for 

Mf. Cev.-ribnif , Mr. fiij/f, ^Mr. DMf, having taken fuch fteps as enabled the 

and Mr. Gmfcejme ; after i^hich . the Commons to proceed in the trial of 

Houfe divided. Ayes 53, Ndls 6i«' ' Wa<ren HaAings, Efq." 

— — — ■ Carried Nem. Cm. 

H. o P L o 1. D 8« Mr. Eurk§^ returned thanks to the 

Fehrusry 17. Houfe for their fupport of himfeif and 

Proceeded in the trial of Warren brother-managers. 

Haftings, cfq* Received a petxtiQn from Major MmiiAmi brought up the re« 

Mr. ilJiftiAgs, inbreatiBg their Lord* port of the Committee appoieted to en- 

Ihips to expedite his trial. ' quire into the beft mode for expediting 

■ the impeachment earned on againft Mr. 

In the Commons, the fame day^ Mr. Haftings { in which report it was fug* 

Jt F* Caren»9 chairman of the Pomfret gefted to follow the precedent of the 

£Ie£lion Coniniuee, reporud the opi-> impeachment of Earl Sufiord. 

mon of that Committee to be, that the . Mr. T*. GrgtnteUe faid, that, in conic- 

right of c!e£Uon was in the inhabitantt quence of what he had proposed on n 

boufehelders. former night, he did not mean to prafa 

' ■ ■■ any thing that may operate to the !■• 

H. p P LORDS. convenience of thofe gentlemen, wlniie 

FebruMry 28. avocations rendered it inpeflible or in* 

* Ilis Majefty came down to the Houfe convenient for them to attend a Call ol 
at half paii three, and fcnt a mcflage to the Houfe. He concluded by moiringy 
the Commons demanding their attend- •• That His Majefty's Miniftcrs, the 
ancc. The Speaker and feveral mem- Lord Mayor* the Mafter of the-RolISi 
bers appearing below the bar, the Royal the Attorney and Solicitor Geneiml^ 
Aflent was given to feveral bills. &c. &c. ihould beexcnfed from attend* 

As foon as hia Mijefty had retired, iog on the. days fpecificd for thceall; 

^e Peers went in proceffion to Weft- aim all thofe who could offer good and 

sninfler-Hall, where the croA-examina- fubftantial excnfea with relped to fick- 

lion of Mr. Williams was finiihcd. iiefs| which was agreed to. Adjourned. 

In the Commons, the fiime day, Mr. tf. of lords. 

Burke took notice of a circumftance Mierct i. 

which occurred this morning, as bemg The Houfe met at an early hour, and 

• out of order, and affeAing the oriviieges immediately proceeded in theaccaftom- 
of tlic Houfe. He laid, that toe Lords ed ttate and foleronityte the High Court 
went into Weftminfteff^Hall at a liiuch of Judicature. 

earlier hour than ufnaU to proceed on ■ ■■ 

rhe trial of Mr. Haftings \ and thst* In the Commons the lame day, Mr. 

through meet inadvtntnejf as he fup* Biirile begged to be informed from the 

^Jtd, their Lordltip$ had omitted to Ciuirt N<ilSu^eTX\itVa>tA.^u vay^xqic 



^urff^fmMMgf Pneadbigs %flMii mi Cmmm$ fir 179^ ^^ 



laSAxwok coiifvt. to mt propofitiom 
wim hmm, Mr..HtftiB||i to the Lordt^ 
tojprocnd-iii dit irLuJuruig the dr- 

Tli»i>iii>r ftUv-fadf co B currc n cn 
«i tiM part 4Bf tiM ttaoaf^m woiiJd bp 
p tifcft t y GMfewBt . witk ihe orders fit. 
tlio Bonft*- A4]«uncd» 

. Mrnih ^ 
!■ a Commktea of PriTilegef on tbt 
Seott SloAiooy the voce of Locd Caich* 
nelk WM fooad food, cod the ftrtber. 
coafidentioii reipediag the ocber Mem- 
kera was adjoonicd to Moodej acxt* 

la the Commoot the itne da?* ha* 
▼lag wnabid noril a qoarter after fix for 
tha atteaiiaDce of Mr. Sheridan to make 
hUprQaiUe4 mottoap the order of the 
day was called forfrqp Ibveral parts of 
thaHoale. 

Mr. Stnvmrt immcdiateljr role, and 
obfrrved that the Hoiiie was indecently 
mated in being thus kept in wahioa by 
a Member who had pledged himfelf to 
make a motion, but who wai not| at 
that advanced hour, in his place i he 
thercfbrs moved that this Uouie do now 
adjoam. 

Mr. Lsmbm iaid, that Mr. Sheridan 
had been informed the excufet would 
take op from four to fix o'clock, and 
therefore did not feel it neceffary to at* 
tead before that time, but that he was 
/ now on his way to the Houfe. 

Mv. F^x had no ohjedion to the mo- 
taamf if the principle was invariably ob* 
Icffwed to dl. 

■iir Umrry Homghiam coaiended, that 
aa eacaptioo fliould be made in favour 
af .Ma Majefty's Minifters. 

^ht Cimmiiikr •/ th$ Exchequer was 
Q^eakiag 10 the fame purpofe, wbea 

Mt^Sberidam entered, and made a 
ikoii apology for keeping the Houfe 
waiting, in which he obferved, as pait 
ol his cxcttfe, his having been inter* 
rupscdy ia coming down to the Uoufc, 
by gencienScn prefcntiog to him peti- 
tioot for a reform in the Scotch Burghs, 
which petitions he would prefirnc to- 
morrow. This debate being void of no- 
vekyt sod coofiftiog merely of the ar- 
gmaeota advanced early in the feiBon 
la proof of, and again 6, the exifieucc of. 
innurredioDS and feditioui pradliccs, 
warranting the precautionary mealures 
of AdoMOifttaftion, we (haU not sjrsim 
detail thtm, hot coateor oor/eives with 
hywfp tbu Mjt* Stendan't motion was 
/oitf wiihouia dififioD, AdJQuracdm 



' t 



B. OP Lo&na, 
Mmrhs* 

LotdSmwdm, havlag compIimeateA, 
tha eoadii& of the Commiuee of th#; 
Houfe of Commoaa, who had devoteA. 
fo much of th^r tkao and pains ia atn> 
tempting to draw § line betwixt tha 
unibnunate aad criroitial debtor, hti^ 
the fubjeft had engaged nihch of hia, 
thciiights, and he was anxious tia em«' 
brace the firft opportuaity of tntrodaeiog 
a fimilarmeafarrla that Houfe, which 
woold have the advantaM of thf fiaft 
legal affiiance. He wquldbave hrooghf « 
it forward moch earlier^ bar expeaed 
that it would have been brought fecwart 
hv a gentleman (Mr. Greg) in.aaothec 
Hottfi. Another realbn» he had foU* 
cited Minifters to adopt it, as bo coa* 
ceived it would come with additltmal 
weight from them. ^ He had ukea ipma 
pains to frame tho hill in fach a oMoa^ 
as to embrace the general opinioa» apA 
to be capable of extenfion or limkatioa*, 
. He then moved for leave to bring ia a 
bill to amend the law ot imprifonmcnt 
on Me/ne Proee/e, for the better regu- 
lating the Uw and praQice of hail, aad 
for the. relief of unfortunate, and pu* 
nifliment of fraudulent, debtors* Leavo 
was given. The bill was read the hrft. 
time, and ordered to be printed. 

In the Commons, the fame day, tha 
Hon. Mr. Eiliei moved, that the order 
for the confideration of the report of the 
Committee on the Stock bridge E'cdioa 
ihou'd be poftponed to a future day* 
Agreed ; and adjourned. 

H. OF LORDS. 

Meareb 6. 

An appeal from Scotland, Gardner 
nterfus Fuilerton, was heard, and tho 
decree afHrmed. 

Lord Grenvilie prefented a meflage 
from the King relative to the employ oC 
Britifh pay of Hanoverian troops. Or* 
dered that the lords be fummoned for. 
to-morrow, to take the (aid meflage into 
confideration. 



In the Commons, the fame daT» Mr. ' 
Secretary Dundoi prefeoted the toUow« 
ing Mt-flage from the King : 

* « GEORGE KHX, 

*' His Majdly having judged it expedient 
to employ, in the fervtce of Great Briutn, a 
bo(*y of his EleCloral troops, for tU<t purpuXe 
of ittfiiVing his Allies^ t\\e S^«!(.^% Q^noniL dL 
the United ProVmces, anii o\ v^^^^'^^^vcv^ vn. 
the raoft efCt^Vxisd maivT\CT,\.\jt "yi^ ^xA v«s:^- 
fary war la v.\uc^^ U^ lAi^cVX.^ v» ^\\v'5?A> 



\fi» 



f2% FarEamtntary Ptscetdingt $f LorJs and Commokfjbr 1 7$^, 



bis Majefly has direAkd an eftlmite to be 
laid before the Heofe of the charge attending 
the employment of the faid troops; ahd 
fiH Maiefty reHes on the zeal of his fiithfoi 
Ctmiroons that they will be ready to make the 
neceffory proviAoo for maintaintngthefanie." 

The Houfe was then called over, 
«nd aik order made for the atteadiinee 
in tbtir places to-morrow. 

B* Q F L O K D S* 

Marit 7* 
The Houfe moved an addrefs of 
tiianks to his Majefly for his gracious 
meflage ; and to afifure his Majefly, that 
this Houfe will mofl readily and cheat- 
fully concur in making the ntceflary 
proviflon for the fuf^pert of the troops* 
Voted onanimoufly. 

* In the Commons^ the fame day. Com- 
9iittees were appointed to try the merits 
•f the Gnmiby and Shaftcfbury ele£iion 
jj^titiont* 

to. OF LORDS. 

Matcb 8. 
Htfard counfel in the appeal ivherein 
Sir James Duff, knt. is appellant, and 
George Skene, efq. refpondent. The 
decree of the Court of Seffion was re- 
^erfed. The qoeftion was originally 
brought by Mr. Skene, to try the vali- 
dity of lYitfmrcbmiHt bmr^ns of Scotland 
to vote in the ele£tion of members of 
parliament. By the deciflon of the 
Houfe of Lords, no vote can now be 
challenged if it has flood en the rolls of 
freeholders for four months, UDlcfs aoy 
a^eration in the original title can be 
proved. • 

. In the Commons, the fame day, the 
Spt0kir reported the names of chofe 
gentlemen who were abl'enr on the bal- 
lot of the preceding day. The name of 
Lord Kenfington being read $ 

Mr. TA. Gnnville moved, that the 
refolution which the Houfe had entered 
into a few days fince, relative to fuch 
members as fliould be abfcnt on the 7th 
inft. be now read. The relolution be- 
ing read> the Hon. Member faid, how- 
ever unpleafant any thing coropulfory 
might be, thr Houfe could not depart 
from its own refolution. He therefore 
moved, that Lord Keniington be taken 
into cuftody of the Serjeant at Arms. 
He had fcarcely made the motion, whrn 
the Noh)&^hoid, who was the object of 
Jt, entered. His Lord (hip faid, he had 
€oioe d9wn a few jninutes after four 



o*cTock, and, finding the door locked 
on the firfl ballot, he waited till it was 
opened, and was prefent on the fecond 
ballot 

Sir ITMtkim Lrwis faid a few words in 
defence of his Lordfliip, who had with* 
dra<*A at the defire of the Houfe. 

The ChatKtlhr %ftht Exthef^utt apo^^ 
lo^'zed for him On the ground of inBr* 
mity and old age{ auef which Mr. 
GrenvilU's motion was put, and nega- 
tived without a diviflon. 

Mr. Bwrk^s name being called overy 
the honourable member rofe, and, ha- 
ving paid many compliments to the' 
zeal %nd aflSduity of Mr. GrenwlU for 
the fteps he had taken to enforce a due 
attendance, he faid, thar his abfence 
on the day of ballot arofe from inad* 
vertcnce; he had forgotten the hour| 
he came down a little after four, f nd 
vvjs prefent off the fecond ballot. He 
did not wifl) to prcfs this as a proper 
apology ; the orders of the Houfe onghc 
to be obferved, and he ought to fubmit 
to them, whatever perfonal inconveni- 
ence he might ferl in confequence of 
the fame. Havin? withdrawn, 

Mr. Sbiridan moved, that Mr. Burke 
be excufed, as Mr. Burke would have 
been time enough if the key had nor 
been turned in the door till the Speaker 
had counted the whole Houfe, which 
was very full ; but as the door was 
locked as foon as he had counted one 
hundred, it made a very confideVaBle 
difference in point of time. 

The Cbanctlkr of tbe Excbfqter ob- 
fertcd, that Mr. Burke could not be 
excufed on the Icore of infirmity ; for, 
though he was advanced in years, hia 
zeal underthe circomflancec of the timet 
b.id convinced the Houfr, in tlie cpurfe 
of the prefent fcflion, that his faculties 
were as found as ever, and that he 
united all the fire of youth with the ex- 
perience and maturity of age: he (hould, 
therefore, give his negative to the mo* 
tion— on which the Houle d:vided. 

For the motion 140, Againft it 60, 
Majority 80. 

Capt. Berkeley f Mr. Clement Tajfor^ 
and Sir Ifilliam Ymng\ were ordered 
into the cuftody of the Serjtant. 

Tnc Serjeant at Arms having report- 
ed that he had the three members \% 
cuflody ; 

Mr. Sberidan moved, that they bt 
difcharged, at 'the rifing of tbe Houfe, 
on paying their fees ; which was carried 
Vi'ilUoui % (\nele nc^^ative. 

(ft bt ctntimMd.) 

\^%. Aa%t< 



ty93>) Rnhtb af-ifm' PMtMitm^ 729- 

tt*. iiiiAni ^ fItVaA < ftr Kgtt Mk W tha King nf PMS', itraMAi wtra m 

WiK«iPfttIM<v.1uilMra. n>/<rir l'f< li'flanMnas ■■« pMerfal an Um 

»>■»«/ Emn < M flw^ ' Vl/i U co ncih ttf Qnui flmiin Tb* •ritXh Mi-. 

Sfmim to r^imum.fmt rfelMri?]^ niftn- poRe<M m amlernMilhflnilKtf*' 

Mrirfrir IJ^K - RBMb. and ■ pn^ t* feit^ ■ (bftorMt* ek>- 

AOR£ATBR BUMlwr 6f tqtimC «™<»«K"f ■"'■t » imTrovjB it m Ihtnhnoft 

i»B pohlfc .fl=rir.*h.rr rot .p,«.r.<l ^r!,"? 'v^L^ J^^ ."llS- 

•-**^ ifarft, 11 naft Vt otifenerf, tli»t f,i,^ ^ i - '- . 



■ great romb.r of LihiI ChiihiO'i hnniilit,iin«withft«Uiin«»fy p,««M«i 

ipMchei'ttt pirfiiifMit, M Ihc nlltnr In- hid beta m»i» i.w ofMotnii ttaa MI07 m 

fcrtoi a«.tn tl>c prrfict, ire hmia ih« t5th. Tha mrnn of iM fikVm pnn. 

priMcil ftom ni»ni«rtHpt rxm i iimI ihit --s-. —— •- — — •=— — — ' - 



- - ^ r It* Ki.11 . . 

(■ a flik of pwuliir K.nrac*. ' Thcb fp«oh rime h.id »em d«(i|tned w^U i>ar 

rpnchft m riliKhl* Of rlon'.«ner. ti{\>* ■fH^r i" tl<if fr« .t ft' "*-■ •■ ' 

wrtmreBfrfthe^TwIU *(b«no^l..nrt. '*"'■ Wx""^ H 

- for Ihtl PSioanliiBr 

aaMEm|ilitJf)n uf tf 

Ne»er wai i chir.aer more juflly tha ^„ „^ fnrmKlered iha™, anrnpoT*.! f.Kh m 
rdol of the Biilift nmon, Dor (o pioptr engine of pn.ar xnJ ftr*nph n mi|ht, iT 

for cneidl eKimin.tinn, Audi', and imi- snplor«( .gafy Ftmc*. nor /»• H^omi. 

tadod. The p'^elrntPHmc Mimlttr, in or, (n rp-ik inniaradiroA trrrw, ironlnrad 

hit mufurw uf war, ftc>ii»ti. fullow the to aS tjftiyfiW,, inftead of a>/i»_,fi«(i, miitK 

(Icpi ^bH pttnciplci uf hii Fichcr) ind dmiib \\rr pawn, md tlteii^b]' fxxilitara the 

•TcrT pcffoa will ailmit, it'll ht canoot ronqueft iif bar paScffiun in Aawnu, A> 

Sallow a batter niida. It will not he ftit», and Afu. 

(tTingtoomiKh, if we fwllur obfcr«, "Immadiniely ■ftwilKlwtle.rRnft**, 

Ihit thi( work if . f importance to the ^ ^mj of Pniltta wrote a ktler to (he 

MfeM ap, and will hT greatly (o to Kaijof EnstaJ ■„ wli.ch he ftr^;ly ro- 

EofcrityTbewofe the .ne/dot.a which «"n">.nded ih.,.rijmp.»o oT .heall.edar. 
H eo«Uiot are not to l« found .n any ^ conxmnd «f i>. and he acc«n,<an;e.l 

orterpobl.ea.io-i eonleT.,ertly, tl.ev thblet-er witi,i,.la..of ,.p«^l««,i„'which 

will iflotd (jre.t light ro the fuiiitehU- he pn.p.rfed 10 aSin tuncert wiihiheDoke. 

MTian. Tlia fp'emlitl tad ta.iied .hi- ],Miepn,den(,f tha policy of iliii ineariire, 

laOer of ibe aotfU fiiri, li« nil fpice thn-e were n;it wantmE very fiir aiid bo- 

tvhwh ha filled in the eye uf an aclmiriiig nourabla reafori m (i-pi»rt a. The French 

•arld.ieadareiciy retick of liim uor> trour* had rrpeainlly binkenferaraliniclta 

dtv of publw rclice. At ■ fpeciinin of oftlieconvcniran, and had. in general, froat 

the i*»i-k, ■« Ot.ll feUa chipicr XVI. llie time iJiay entered Hie i-lefliimle, cua- 

bwaufa it ti fomewhac analogous to tlie dufled ih^mfelTei in a nwaner more like a 

praleat war with France. banditti of hatb.iriani than an aimy of diU' 
plined foliliera. 
MABhaoghlha opaiatirai! of the war are .. jji. Piti adopted :h» whfle 1 f tin Kitig 

braisn to Vm wiirk, fet ilioTe evenu, irom cf Pniflia') rerDn1me11d.1i ion, hot fo miHleluI 

whKh»npi>ii.-inciiCUmflance>haie aiiRw, the Germ mi m.afuies .S 10 m;.ke them (o- 

•^ whTb, hJiiiiB either bteii m.frepre- „p„,xt u-ilh h'l i.w.i nbn. ..f atiackir>B 

(euud by o(l«r xrrileit, or been aoiiralr Fr.,n« >ii a^j Mi.er q..:..icraill>efaii>e 

on»n«i, u » necrtlai-y 10 maiiLhin. Of thu xixx. The Kinj of \Ta^-?. hiRtil; iKpiond 

iMwe w>» ih. King uf f-i iiiiw'i great »«- of Mr. Pitf j alieratitml if tii- plan. Mr. 

hiry H Hotbach, unr the trench and Gei^ phf) plan w« hold and' enmiirehe fi ■) boc 

Kuasi>nihe jib-if November, 173;. -No a ftnnld ha TWiemi«Ted, that lin.idiij m 

•«"» flwif-l ;V.War wa^ ailenUed with war .s n srimiiml ai trrtkbery; aad-thn*. 

fbch iMejening c<inC^i.eD(;as. Tliiivi.loty f„re n is proverbi H, taiiMluMlie boUaft 

Tn^jbitMita^mketa^ the f«Ne, tlje meaforea are the fcfaft. The K.tHoC'A-i'.Sa 

plan, and iha (.rtndrf*. oflbe war. BeM» (^„ „ ;„ uuateila. Mti ft«,fcrt«\« w«* 

Ih.amaeeifaxd.H'Kfeb.Y.ma.ediacdXim Lu »««,& tj^gWi^*. to iL«w«ft *fl»v 



myy Rsvi^ §flfiw Puhlitaih^s. [Aug. 

the Kinr of ?r»ffit tf« pUn oC operaiion* tcbu of more xhtn half t century of our 

was formed Emden wasfecurod, and the hiftnry. 

coaft of Franc* was annoyeJ, at hit rcqueft. The firft edition wts in two volumes 

PuVc^ Ferdinand drov« the French out of quarto; the next in four volumes o6bivoi 

Hanwer. and pnrfucd th<rra wkh fnch rapi- g^^j ^y^^ ],ft^ ©^ new, edition, in three vo- 

d -v thrit ^rr»ncc was prefentl? under tl^c jy^gs o^^avo; all within about twelve 

ne-«iTuv of prcp:»rinf for the tlefenet of her n^^j^^g, 

own fr>»uier5. This fudden charge of at- 

fa.rs, and the v.fhiries gain.d by the Kmj ^^^ ^^^^^ pre^M in the Parijl-cburch 

•f Hanwell, i/t the Ceunty o/Middlefex, on 
Sunday, June |6, 179^9 *fter rttuitBg His 
Mofefi/i rnoji gracious LitUr infmvour of the 
Frei%eh Emigrant Ciergf. By George- Henry 
GlafTe, M./l. Reaor of Hanwell, /ate Stw 
tUmt of Chrill Church, Oxford. FybUJhd 

THIS IS one of the numerous iodances 
of the laudable zeal commended by one 



oC Pruffia in Silefia, (hewed, th t a war op- 
on the cfmtinent of Europe, coodnAed upon 
Bniilh piincipUs, was highly fervicuable to 
t))« inierefts of this country. France, fo far 
from being able to invaJe Great Bntain, 
coulA not fend troops to ftrengthcn her par- 
rifoos and fettlem«nts abroad ; and, in a few 
months, her firft objea was, to provide a 
frolh army to ftop the progrefe of Duke 
Ferdinand; while Mr. Pitt, on the other 



band, prepared expeditiiKis againft her coaft, correlpondent p. 49S, and nottced by ao 

to co-0'icrate with the Dttke. Inthisfitua- other in p. 701, and which may with 

lion, the councils of France were diftraAed. 

Herwhole force wa> ke|>t at home. A Ger- 
man war, conduced upon this principle, 

igainft France, was the rooft advantageous 

war that Great Briuin could make; and, 

ootwithfta^ding the expence has been urged 

IS the greateft objeAion to it, yet, when it 

is recollected that this war employed the ar- 

mies^of France, and prevented fuecours be- 
ing font to her (ettlements abroad, it was the 

moft ctcunamitai war that the Britiih Minifter 

coiild carry on. The expence of tranfpori- 

ing troops, forage, (lores, &c. to a (hort dif- 

tance it infinitely lets than to a great one. 
Whoever will be at the trouble to look oyer 

the charges of the American war, which 
cocpmenced in 1775, and ^ ^^^ Germ;m 
war, which commenced, under Mr. Fill's 
dii^aion, in 175?> will fee th« faft indif- 
putably confirmed, ft need only be added, 
that, if the armies of France had been to be 
conquered in Canada, in the Weft ladies, 
in Africa, and in Afia, the expence to this 
country of ^ranfpoi ting and maintaining an 
adequate force to encounter them, in all 
thoCe places, rouft have been imroenfe. Up- 
on a fubfrquent occafion the Minifter em- 
phatically faid, •ih.tt America had been con- 
quered in Germany.* Experience hath fincc 



propriety be noticed as emioentlv promi- 
nent in the groupe. <* Witii becoming 
refpcfl and giatiiudc't-it is iofcribed 

"TO. 4 

TUB WIGHT HOHOURABLt 

EQMUND BURKE, &c. &c. 

THX MAK 

« 

WHOSE NAMR WILL BE DBAS TO 

HIS^OUKTRY 

SO LOltG AS BK1TCNS SHALL CONTINUE 

T0*FlA1l GOD ANn HONOUR THE KINO,' 

THX MAN 

IT WHOSE VIGILANCE AND EXBRTIONSy 

VNDER THR DIRCCTIOH OF MEAVfDi, 

THOSE MACHINATIONS WEHB 

DISCOVERED, 

AND EVENTUALLY DEPEATED, 

IN THE ACCOMPLISHMZNT OP WHICH 

(amidst THE RUINS OF 

THE THRONE AND ALTAr) 

THE CLEECY OF 

THE CHURCH OFSNQLAND 

WOULD HAVK BEEN REDUCED TO 

A STATE OF WR CTcH-X DN tSB 

NOT INFERIOR TO THAT OF 1 HEIR 

OPPRESSED AND FeAI ECU TED BKETHRSH 

NOW EXILED FROM PRANCE." 

From Lcvit. xxr, 35. Mr. GlafTe i1- 



quered in Germany. Experience hath ince y^^^^^^ ^y^^ fraternity which the Qed of 

ihewr, that ihe affertion was well founded. ^^^ ^^.^.^^ ^^ ^,. ^^^ ' ^^^^^ ^^ ^j^^ ^^^ 

The found fenfe and good policy ma- ^^^^ ^f ^^^ j^j^^^ j^H ^^^ ^i^jch dwell 

■ftifeftcd throughout this decided meafurc ^^ ^j^^ f^^^ „f ^y^^ ^„5h^ hath eftahliflied, 

are apparent and incontcftibie. They y^^ his unerring and unrepealed law, a- 

clearly (hew the aftive penctraiion of a ^^„^ mankind ; and arrange* "the per- 

ereat Minifter on a rui\jea that, at the / — :_ -1.-1^ k.u-ic ^i :c ^t 



moment, fccmcd to be of no more public 
import to the nation tlian any other vie- 
tory; vet, from this vi6^ory, and Lord 
Chatham's political talents, aM the ful). 

.fcquest vf^oric^ and cooqu^(l« of ibe 
war were derived. 

We cannot difmtfs this article without 

' Bekaowlcdging that it throws a great and 



fons in vvhole behalf the munificence 6f 
our countrymen is implored into three 
diftin£t cbil'es : the dignified, monadic; 
and parochial clergy." 

" The firll defcriptida, cocridlng; almqft 
tntirely of perfoas.of th^ bigheft iank,aace 
in polTeiTion of grea( .'richte and abundant 
honours, have been .expofed to tbeYcvercft 



9. 



itrwuvvffinf; I.**-* ••• »»«t*/w» • 5**»*- •-*• crueliYi the bi tiered 'flander of tlicir adver- 
Jfgbi'-upon thth ^CQtMiQtt and %• 'Unes. T\mu v(«a2is3Gkt x2u«it ^^m^t^ vi^re 



JI^PS*? Xttnito af-tJUo PahEeatim^ 7^1 ' 

ofMff fnfpcd K— «rinin w«r« impOMd u imfint itwni psHnu, (ha foniiftr fan* nf 

llMili miTil of ■Ctn tto on innriTcJ - Itft), notie f iMiImi, whom Eha unf^Ei'ig |>vti>1il]r 

U wMcb thar omU hm uMde Withonr of piraii>liwtc«m[Kll#d to withdraw fr-na 

ifcMliliiliilH ill liriiliiifi niTn1ri)-|'Tr ind lo Iha world, tliu tliav inig!U Aggmndir* m 

fdigion, wn pfope fu l u nJ Je«ih, hmilh- firft-bom fun whh IheirinhnitaiicA, Th>rt 

meat, coaGfcaiian of gonds, or impribm- waraotlMn. ivliofatsiJ,howeTcrnii ^hM, 

nfcnr, xundid thair pin^ difobadwnoi. dainu-our m*r*nc^~wtHi cnibncrii th* 

While ther*n^*Mih;crni>ajp (rum their prc'dnon from motivci mcr-lj e-mf wn- 

Caa<i]rt'l"irP<fi>'I">™>''«fhMilan,ihcir liniif— dOTMinf (h«mlel>«( tn IfK fcrvica of 

pcriatttpralcriM, thair lunia* hold cp M God hy i lih of lufteritr, ab'tilKiKe, mA 

iabnoDi trthofie whole apflm^f, ind not feoere mortiAcai'ioa- Theie were vet oiheri, . 

thair tn^tin, reflcdi if nnminy un Riankiiid. who, hivini once inlxnl in ilw wnrUI. anil 

TTial waatiz tba:'e rilTererE fomg porfoni hiving llurad iv Tin , iihI dnink dcepl; of 

flKHild be Foond, nho wen ted i(lr«T From in.rorronf, fnaod relief v- lirinKia| 'he iil>- 

the fimpliulj of Clicift ky Che daluTinn of litiiin of ihrir coMritc heuti lo the alt r ' f 

lidm, ihsglanof srohition, inAlhefjfd- divine mercy. Amiiagibeni wen prrrnm, 

RMioM of 1 court, mijr he a faHjeA of cnn- whi), dediuting themfelrei to hnt'oiu^ihla 

cent, hot caa itstjAj aac^toa our wander, ftmir, advanced tha he!t interelit oF leirn- 

If it mre fo, it were a griavow bait— And iOE — wbo sngr>geil in no polifiral difru'n, 

triemllf have (hey jufwered it. ' Their no fifilnDI nrogglairnr pmar^-wluinpter 

UoDd hubaanflKd like water on every fids left ibe qmec retirFiaenc-<f tl>e!rc«l>, *vi lo 

of the city, at^d there hai beon none to bury relieve ihe poor, |» bring rtieilicirie to tha 

tboa.* UuC ibe charge ia balety ind-mali' j fick, or tn. fee baFore ihe liv'H; the bright 

c'lOuHy aggmviied. A mong the prelitet and profpeA of immorf ality. I f there werr car» 

fitbenof thii faapler^ Chnrcb feme exalted raptit>ita in their inftiloti'in, Ih-ife auriuiw 

chaiaAennrefbind, wtiufe viitiiCi, whofe tioni (hooliltiavebeendoiip aw.ir. Ifilieie 

pietf, wltc'le bet'evolence, utiuls zeal for mrc lailical eviK, which no hjll-ni'. '-^ 

wlut ttiey deem ihotiwli, wiiiilil have doiie could remoxa, the order ihooM ^i iuiik, 

Ikhkhii' m Il-e piirefl age! iiF Chriniariilr. nnil hy grnde mean<, have hecn abu)"hnl. 

One, in particular, who was rcfcutd fi«n Bmihsi afti ol men ^ccufeJnf im nu-'ic 

■'eftntAioD by the immedinte, .ind almoft crimf — holding no ponciplrs diii.' rmn ■ 

iniraculinK.interpnGtionof I'ron.lence, bat tlu fldia — untitled, by tiKJr educiinn. (.. 

a cluni on Ilie a&e£)kinate vciiei allbn, not aiiji employment by which they oiii,hi vn- 

merely oF h» own ilillreltnl countrymen, to cure their daily hread— ihat perfims -f iii- 

whiin lie is a friend and father, .but of all di^fciiptioii Ibould aUatmice hr drivni tr m 

thofe who hold dear whalefcr it pure, Ih:ir|>euefulretreatf,aslair>>3iiii<<ihem>.lit 

wbatCTer i> lovely, nhilerer it of good re- of wolves — that cbc lh«ul>l h; r^^ducsil '» 

port. To (he liiKiour lA Hiielaiid, which Ihe horrible neeeilitv ufnuitt.nj tbtir i-<ii 'i- 

aiii»ileil himaaafyluin,tlK)(eexHlted vinuei try, ih'ir pruCeifion, and t'le vxerciO^ i.f 

have roet with the tribute nf admiratiun their religion , lo fly intoa lani Llie» kn w 

whichlhey deferved. We have not been not — or, if ihey remained, th.it On tjiould 

fortetfal toenlcrlain this ill uflriout Ann gcr. be compelled to renounce it>e:i' K>i<ji <i>J 

And, while we cannot but pily-thox infa- their GihI, or pref^nt their bo on.j i.> t'la 

lualed roen, who have deprived iheir Coun- dagger of afTifGnation ; tl it it trni 1 y f • le- 

try of one of its brightelt ornametrti, we fined, injuftice o eiim;-lic.iieJ, tiraii y fo 

look forward iviih bimeft exultation to tliat execrable, tliB it it impoirihle C'- frn.l tan- 

ihy when 'the rigliteoUt man diall Hand gui^e in which lo pmchim imr p.y for ilu 

with gre:il hi>ldncfs in Ihe prefence nf fucli opprelTcd — our aWxorrence and lieienaiiun 

at haveafflijled liiin, and made no accoont ol iheu'oppieflan! 

oil his bbwiri.' " Hut there U another clafi of the pncll- 

"Of tliexconddelcrip'ion of tfiefe wretch- hood yet more Reneially wih ;ti> nf oai ci>ni- 

td exiici, Ihe MonaDic Cter£), vn muft. palfion and refpeft, 1 mean, Ilie icfi.l'iit 

Ipeak with more lh:in commnii dthcacy is a pariEhuI ciergy, otice difiiei cd t'li-'iu^lii-ut 

cuuotry wliere their order Van long liTtce the variont provuKi.£ cf a piipuljr kingil-in, 

bceii difamtiniied, the evil refolilng frotoiit whin llisy di(i:liais«I ih-r hell d'Hi-s ..f b»- 

allahltlhnicul luviiig been fuuntl in pi-epon- maiiily as well at <•( rel gimi. In ihe coun- 

der^ri^ over iliif%ood. Yet to condemn thcCe Ity whereof wefpeak, the nahlcs uiie lery 

unfbnunale men lo injifcrimin^te cenfurci rarely accuftomeil tu ijiiii iht C[>urt or tiie 

bccaufe Cliey were once the iotiahirania uf capilaL That mid.'le order nf mm, which 

aciimeni, wmdd he unjuft — lo refufc them in England ni.ii;iCMns :o le pc£t.ble a poft 

lehtf, when ilu> iron lund of Oppreirion ii bKweentlie hisheft and loweil lak-of fi- 

cnifhing Iheni ii> paces, would !« lahum.in, ciety, >« lliere fcjicety known lu exilt tha 

Amonf lliem were many wliofe exemplary lUieof rivilii^KNi in the dillani rai' i fllie 

Virtues gave a lull re lo tlie cuii'emplaiive empire it minli iiilin:i-ir to that rf "W own 

liffl tttey lud tintii'iced— iniii)' vihD were cou>itr«,und«r cnn«ffHinAHvii:w\uni^a; ucw 

Dot a let olJroi.'a. nrehiig, in iilh Jiijuny, The paitib-prievV ieeai«& \u ft»^ Aiim>> 

aj ilie fruit ufvtbri^' ixbaur. Tlirre were mi wa; kMlMA uf to w'&\v taiswow*'' ul 



73^ ^ivkutffNiW PmbBeatim. (Aug, 

reverential love hy hit obedient flock. Ha founded d -ubts have been eeteniincd 

was their f.-iend,. heir counfdlor,th<?irp»»f- »bout it. BcnReliui conceited it was 

fic;an. ihe!r protca«>r, thrir parent. The ^\\^^^^ i„ Britain, heou^c of ic» coo- 

joys and rnrrows of h.s neifiDHo-.i^ were his f^,^.^ ^j^f^ ^j,^ An^l«.S.x,.n ^erfion j 

J^"•lK•'*''iV?*^'*^*^•^:*^ ''n'*^' ^^^ Thomas Baker. f«.>n, the C?i/Afr 

beyond his abihty to relieve, he cooW yet ^. .xv..— ..»- i i *. j u j » «^"«'/«^ 

fo«h them ^ith the tendereft pity. If they ^^V^»« ^» ''^^, '"'^^-^^ doahtcd its ant., 

wtihed to ha^e recourfr to f.iperior w.fd«.m ^".'7: , ^;*** ^' ^""^l * *^««* 'f«" «" c«^*dit 

an<* kno%xlej;e. he waf always at hand to ^"^ *^ ^^ had been a f«)r?cry, and conrtin-' 

fuccour and alTul them. Me iv.isCabs, that •^^ p«rticuhrs not .n other copies; 

he (h^iild be thus compelled ro need it in whctras Wccfteio an I Grufbach aaually 

return!) in t»»e heft fenfc of the worls, found tiienj in others It agrees with 

* given loUofpitalit.' The ftran--r d;d n^t the Svnac, Latin, Jcrufalcm, Sahidic. 

lodge all night in tbr ftree'< — he opeii^ his and Coptic vtrfjons, and with the re» 

doors to the traveller. When rhe ear heard niaini oF Ireraeu , atul with the Greek 

him, Chen it blelffd him, and whenihc eye copies comp-r'rd x v\ t\\c SvrJac at 

faw him, .it gav^ -.vtoefs unio him — it AUxjndria. A. D 6i6, bv Thomas 

fparkJed w th joy, or it was rooiftened with Hcracic nfis. Dr H.rwood thinks it 

a gr-ieful tear. an-* the Clarm nt M !i. come ne^rtfl the 

•* For eight months have thefe heljilefs orii»inai rr'dmgj and fo io Mil, W«t. 

fojeurner^ hci^n rcfideiit amongft us — for ftein. VVhiilon, and Miciaeli«*'; and 

eight months th«»v hwe b-en lupporied by Gnclbich d-fen Is it r >m th. accafat.aa 

the private munift/^ce of inilividnals-hy ^^ l^e/niKiMg, or con^>r ni«P r>« an.ch 

the laity-and by the clerjy^who to the»r ,^ ^^^ Ltiin MbS [t n^r cs il'b wirh 

powe»-, and in rn;»nv cafes aim«iit beyond. ^.^^ t vv -ri i « •• **I. 

their p:,wrr. bav exmxl therafelvcs in, J"*,^^^' V" ''*"" "? ' "' .t..« MS. 



We l>ave airtady far exctede'^ eur 



agrees with the Gieck. B nt'ev and 



r 1 r . I ' 1 XI I 1 / S-n^'«r prefer Latin vfriionb, aid the 

ufjal limrts, and reluaanily cU.fe our f^,.„^, jT.^, »u ^ -^ i l- i 

A * .c 1 - r* f • toiiner pavs th s par:tcu!ar one hieh 

exiraas horn this elegant Difcourlt. compliments. The c!<»f-r the Latin 

,70. CaJfx T|««>dori Pe«« Cantabrisienns, »^"P^to ^^^ Greek the ftroh^er proof 
Evangifia & y^r^Jhhfwm ABa ampUa^nt of anti<M|iiy. The Latin tranflinons. tn 
quadrath titerii .x^c^^Uunus. Acndanin ^''« P^*^«"^ mftnce. Were hv efferent 
mujficante 'utncrandx bai wtnfath rtHqtiiai "*"''* *^»« ^^S. appears tO have Uten 
fumma (jua fotait frU oAumbra-'fft; exprt//iey ^^^ ^^r^ of a p rf >n onacquaincd lx)th 
edtdit, C9ddi hiji'.riam fraiixit mtufftt with the Latm and Greek lanj^uag^fs, 
iK^Vf/V Thomas Kipling, 5 7* P Cnil Div. li^ic 'h fcril)c of the Alexandrian and 
Joan, super Soeius. C n'ahiigiac, r/rr/o two Guc ferbvtan MSS, ; who a' 1, from 
u4ca(/nnie9 impenfis Acadmtx* J793« i certain internal evi'tnces, may he pre. 
vol folio. fumed l£i;vp*ians. and made it for the 
THE merit of thi* MS. has been loDR tjfe of fome chuicU io that country, 
admitred by the learned world, a-nong Thence it proha')iv pafled into Ire- 
whom it ranks next after the Alexan* land, and was feen by Druthmar, 
drine and the Vatican copies. For the monk of Corbv, in the ninth century- 
honour of oui own country, which pof- From Ireland it got into France, and 
feife^ t vo of tlte three, tJicy have hven was found in chr monaHery of St. Ire- 
prefented to the pu'ilik in Jae fimile, naeus at Lyons, 156*, bv Beza, who. 
We would fa-n flatter ourfclres that i \% after collating it for the third edition of 
Hoiinefs, wh6 hai (hewn him^e.fapa- liis New Tcftamcnr, prefented it, 1581, 
troo cf literature, will employ fo.ne of to the UnivcrBtv of Cambridge After 
bis many literati to do the fame juflxe it came to EngLnd, it was collated by 
to the old: rt MS. of the NewTedaiirnt, Patrick Young, Archbifiiop Ufcer, and 
perhaps, in the world. Several criticks Milt; the lartcr's labours Were ptiolilh* 
alTign the date of the Camhiidge M$. to ed hy KufYer; and his edition was agaio 
the fifth, or certainly .0 the iixih, ccn- collated, 1733, by Mr. Dckeofon, of 
tury. The learned editor inclines, with St. Joh.t's College. Cambridtte, whofe 
Wetftcin and Michaeli , to think it of labours aru in Jefus Coilegc library, and 
the *ouitli. and equal io antiquity With who detcded 4000 errors of Mill and 
the MS. of th-: A£ts among Archbifliop KulUr. Nor was Weiftcin more care. 
Liiuti^ at OAtoid. puhliflK-d hy Hearnc, fu', having committed ao criors hi coU 
1715, ard even the A-cxandrinc MS. Idting only the 14th and 15th chapter* 
which Dr, Wotde fuppofed of tht foMnh of St. Mark's goff^el. The errors of 
ecocury. It is Woniiciiul what ilU OruiUih, ^wVwj i^s^bUtticd U^s Greek 



Rtmw rf Mw fMkMii99$f 



m 



I79»] 

New Tcllaoieal^ ijyu «««• fwoi not »7t -^ '^f^ •f ^'f*^ ^ '** Earopem 
bkTiOK rcen the ongioal MS. Here Dr. 5*^^*^ * rViijJ*** rf m FiMdi 

WTto poiit out there enon in former /^ J^'J^i^^^^^ 
^^ purely hy . defii. n, eWjjce of gEL'1J::^^S^?o'^ 

fcieBt MS5 « the New Tefttine»t tU Uwip bewtMul and enchmtmy, maft, «t 
IbouUl be publifiied. A copy of the ^^^ (.riouf roomem, vmVk before the hor^ 
Greek pen of thu BdS. » in the library rid piaure nf the AimA coontnr in the worU 
of TriMty Cdl1ege« Cambridfe. Siroon delmd in blood, end covered with all the 
b«d aDOther copy, aod Wctflrin one of ghamy woonds that murder and £icrileg« 
both Greek aod Latin. Dr. Beatlcy cnninfli^. ^DoU and melancholy at the taflc 
lent a third to Sabatier i and Mr. Craf* n, I fhal! be too huppy if Aiis firll fad po-^ 
icr, of St. John's* tranfcribed the whole nance of my literarjr hours (hall be read ia 
of the Latin for Dr. Keneicot, who fent my beloved coontry, and if it can f|>are her 
it to Semler, who publiibed from it the fonj rt» bitter regrets of ever having been 
' • of St. Tc»hn, at the end of his «»fi«<! <««« *««• poteical hygrity, or 
- - -' fwervmg one moment from thofe tdeai 

which are di/bted bj honoor, moralityi and 
the focial dotiea." Tritrnffrntm^t frtfrnee. 

This is an animated reprctentation, 
(letipf(, with melaneholy truth, " thn 
caufc of the corruption of the French 
nation, by the f offering, from tlie moft 



fiS 



^spbr^ifs EvmmgflH Jumhist 1778 
The MS. iilelf is written on parch* 
mcotf and cootaioed the four gcfpels 
«nd Ads in Greek and Latin 3 but much 
of "both verlioas is wantjog, or, has been 
fupfllied by late and different tranfcri* 
bets. All thefc, whh their ages, are 
posnTed out at the ei ' ^' ' ' 

tike firll pa^ hare 
have a<(o poniook 
parts of the book. The editor concludes 
\i\% preface with eXpreflin^ his grateful 
acknowledgments to the Unix'erfity, at 
wltofe rapincc the whole work b<is been 
conducted. 

Thi^ Tplcndid woik, which reflects 
honoui^ on the UniveiHiy of Cambridge, 




full of all that Cio coriupt opinions and 
morals. This was her greateA faalt—- a 
fault that has been committed bv other 
governments. When public opinion is 
not watched over, ic becomes depraved 1 
and by that depravity, by degrees, it 
creates a mnnftroua power, that over- 
tumi the church and annihilates the 




for nil (V antient; P for Uter pefter'nfresi 
V fcr antient n/eiujiiores ; R for corrcc* 
t>onsy Uter, nctmtiorts, than the 9ih cen- 
tur\ : in the Latin the earlier corrections 
arc marked L; the later are too aume> 
touk to be diflinguilhed. 

171. -f Letttr /o the Rev. Mr, Perclval 
Stockdale, on the Pubikation t,j hit pre- 
tended CorrefpGndtme wi/b the Lord Bijh^ 
^ JDurhanu 

HAD this fpirited letter appeared a 
htile looner, it would have iuptrfeded 
tSe article in our Review for 0£lolier 
Jaft, p* 934$ in which, col. 2, 1. 27, for 
com plieira/«r|f read complW/Zy* M >'• S's 
corre " 
we h 



pcoph 

king^, und never were people fuch per* 
fc£t flaves ; never was government more 
tuibulcnr, more dillurbed, more unjuft, 
more tyrannical. It was th«i fame with 
the Roiiianv ; external difcords, often 
fteeped in blood, diilurbed the repub« 
lick ; and thofe m.iflcis of the wot Id, fo 
much adored by the tribunes, expired 
in the horrors of triumvirate and pro* 
Icriptions. In more modern times, fe^^s, 
calttd hy ditferent nami.s, raiCed from 
the dud, the fovereignty of tht pf§/^if, 
and the fyf^em oi equuiity. All Europe 
wa& troubled by ihcfe two formidable 
engines. The ProtcOants, or Reform- 



^........•r^ .«.«.«w».^....^. *.*..«- er^^ xvho fucceeded ilufc fetls, again 

:lpondeDt has touched on an article pi^^j ^hc people in power, and pre- 
id not meddled with— his Letter to tended to revive original comnaas ihac 



Granville Sharpe, on the Slave-trade. 

* We nuy add, and on the late excelleiit 

letter-founder, Mr. Jackfon (fee vol. LXK. 

p. ^2}^ who cut the types fur tliis handfumc 

h*njk, M wM at for the AJexaiulriae MS, 

aod for J>€Hne6Jity. Edit, 



origii 
never exirted" (pp. 12, 13). The wri- 
ter traces the pro{riels of this dofliine, 
and itb hoirid ctle^ls, horh in this coun- 
try HiuUn Fr^t^ce. ** Vi\Ve \\\«t^\^\\\iiti%^ 
the: Aje«^fraCfS be^vit vV« VivvV^v^tk^^tcv^^ 



934 Xi^ew tf New PutEcatknsB [^^E* 

a»dy Gke them (udUCi Providence inter*. The laft, ihe anti-rcligt^ut fanaricifmy 
pofet)* they will have their Cromwcil, leaves wickedncfs compietr. All mora- 
who waits, perhaps, and watchei for the lity is centered in felf-incerefl, and the 
viocnent (unhappily too near!) when fiitisfying the paflionsi it orders the 
tlie ftate Aiall be diflblved, and its ruin confummation of every crime with the 
complete $ for the laft event in anarchy coolneft uf refl;£t<on and premeditation. 
kas been, at, alt times, and with every When atheilm becomes the univerfal 
people, the unlooked-for tyranny of one . creed of a people, they will foon become 
viUain more dark and enterprifing than man-eaters, it would then be a very 
the refV, or the tyranny of feveral, uhom falfe policy for all the powers of Europe 
their common danger has confederated to remaif) unmoved fpcAators of the dif- 
together** (pp. 15, 16).— "Thcfe poli- afters in France. England, (lamed with 
tical difnu'cs wrre not local. Let us the blood of her kin»>, Cromwell featcd 
icftefV on the long fer'ies of troubles that in power, nW the other courts (lood roo- 
agitated Europe by the different rc£l«, tionlefs before the rxecrable deed. Ir is 
«bo preached up the /ovireigMty of the enough that fuch a fcene has palled om€S 
people, and played their parts, under the in Europe. The indifTerence and inac*> 
Aflwrent names of Albizenfes, Vaudt^s, tion of the 17th centorv has fcrved to 
Hoffites, Lutherans. CaUiniftt, Anabap* embolden tlie attempts of the i8tU (p. 
tifis, Preibyterians, Puritans, Gracema- 19 — zi). 

^ons, ^nd ercn Janfenifts, the laft pro- '* The caufe is not only that of kings 
dodion of (his numerous and turbulent and minifters, it is that of all . honeft 
licnilyf and it will ea61y be feen that people, of all countries, of all profef- 
tWrc are few kingdoms in Europe (ions, of all men attached to principles 
viMcb have not been, for feveral centu- of juilicc and rrafon, of all frieodti to 
lies, perplexed and diflurbed by tnefe oidei and humanity* of all who do not 
popular incendiaries" (pp. 16, 17}. afuTe to the execrable titli: of plunderers 
The author expreffes hi mfelf (Irongly and propaf^audifis'* (p. zx). — *' Every 
againfl that falhionable diHulion of thing con^piies agninfl thi;i French epi- 
knowledge among the people. '* The demic. Kings. miniQcrs, proprictoir, 
couMDOB people formerly did not know ir^ders, cuhivators. all united, mufl rife 
kow to read, and therefore the propaga* agaip(\ this political ruin. Such a cru- 
txoo of new doctrines was flow. Nations fade can onlv f^ve Europe from devaO.a- 
kad then Icfs communication with each tion, and piererve, in this fine part of 
other. The different characters and cafls the world, the precious rtlicks of civiVu 
of nations had a ruder and more original zation, viliich have been obtained only 
ilainp. The intercourfe created by com- bv the tfTorth oi age, not 'he bcncBcencc 
merce did not eyift. The great chain of of rciieion" (p. 24).— The French au- 
nrts and fciences was not formed. News* thor adds a poHfcript on ihc afr4ninatioa 
papers and journals were not invented, of the King of Sweden, and a repetition 
or were very few in numl)er, and, the of the fame arguments. ** It is with no 
readers of them veryfcarcei in (hort, all fmall pleafure that his tranflator refic£^8 
ncans of communication between nation that it is not (o much the element that 
iukI nation, and even proviece and pro- places an infurmouut;ihlc harrier againlt 
¥ioct, city and city, were rare and oif- the approach of foreign regicides, as the 
ficuli'* (p. 17). honeft indignation that filU the mind» of 

Mow, when the whole univerfe thinks, every gallant foldicr and failor in this 
as it were, in common, and that mif* country. Sure I am that there is n .t a 
guided opinion in one fpot of the globe generous countryman of miae that 
pervades to each extremity of the poles, would not, unfohciKd and unpaid, taeit 
one nation cannot Oart up into p9*wtr himfelf in faving a King whofe 0!ily 
but all others will a'pire to the fame crime is being the bed and moil inoften- 
power. Religious fanaticifm ferved for five man in his kingdom." 
a pretext to llir up the people foimerly ; 

now its fublliiute is fanaticifm anti-re- fji.TbeDreamofanEn^Wihmsinfaiihfu/to 
ligious I the firfl, without doub:, has ^fi K'f'g onJ Ccunty. 

caufed great exec lies; but, in its great- THIi Ipuitcu work, written 6rll in 
eft, it had one check, it a£)ed in the French, ro ^ive it gicater ciiculation, 
name of a God, of which it had con- and novC' ti<>nll<iied, |.>o>nti out, under 
ceited a falfe idea; but, miAakcn and the alTumtd form or a manifeOo, tie 
depFMVcS as was ihac idea, it iiid not united crimes of Frcncliincn againlt th ir 
iUiff thstihcre txUled a Supreme Being, own goNctu^avnt an^ v\vu;v. ^1 ^U Ilu- 



junw ^ iVMV ra*a«aM>, 



rtht diffitrcnl, cosduft of 



Fnncci lad cooeludci with aniniiipi; 
Btilont to every cmcrtiom to reduce fitch 
a pMpI* 14 nafon and oiJer. 

174. Atmf M til Krv. Cliriftartiw Wf- 
vill. lalt Ciainmim ^ itt Imtr CtmmltH if 
.^^tuttm in til CmMj ^ Yark, « hi, 
&fimt *f Dr. hice. Sj * Yorklbira 

A Kuud v«tn of wcl1-dirc9cd itonj 
raa- through thi> litilc piece. 

I7J. -Afiiiir n Dr. IvnM tUm^tlon, /m. 
B^ Dr. Git%atj. 
THE occriDD of wiiiin* thii p»in- 
pVilec MM hrKB<,' ihx : Id O^uber liD ■ 
McnphUc <vis puliliQii:d, iniitiiled, J 
GmiJi ff Gnil/m-n Jludiiit MtJicitt 
tu tht V*ivtrMj •/ Edinitrgb, iy J, 
Jtbnftn.Eji. {.eTie-.v.d by »a otd com- 
rpoDilCDt, *ol LX(1. p. 1C17}. which, 
from tnicrnil cvk<<n», a[>peii<:il to hits 
been wiitien l>v Dr Alcxindtr Himil- 
ton, the prnfefTorof midwifery (ur hit 
fon. Dr. JiftiM Hamilton, junior), in 
oriler 10 indoce iliE ftiideno to attend 
his cUri. As the botan'Cil and m*:lie- 
i»i;ic»l ctaflij xvire iradiiccrf, on ac- 
touoC of ihe prt-fiflbr of che farmer 
having nppofrd ihe admillion of Dr. H. 
into the Ccllcge of Phvliciansj aad the 
huur of leac^iiDg the litter intEifciing 
wiih that oF Di. H't claf;, it was 
thought piopci, on there and oilier ac- 
counts, to bring the mailer before the 
Scnatui Atidemicus, hefire xvhom Dr. 
H. folcmn'v and nheinenily difowned 
alt knowleil^e of iHe publication of ihc 
pamphlet, and the affair wai ihcrefute 
(Iropped by that body. .,l)i> Ton alfo de- 
nied that he had auv h:<nd in the wnrk 
in fome leiiers, to whieli Dr. Oregury'* 

Simphlii i< an anlwer, exhibiting, bv a 
(tie) of (Iri.rg and eonvi«ing a.gu- 
nieni!, intermixed with the tnull cutting 
firoket of liiiie, how little (aith n to be 
givn to ihe'c dcniiii. 

Thi) pamphlet it not fold, being only 
d:Hiibut.d 1.V Dr. G. 10 hij ftif ndi. We 
hate iKtn fimUrid wiih a copy. 

■17*. ImfC'IMI F«fl<, fulmlllcJ It Ibr Ct.ff.Ji- 
,.»■«=/ ,b. V,,^,.f F„sl;„i..; wto /W, 

* TJimibU «i tlnfiijini Sinn 0/ P^bUc ^S-""' 
By Jutul Spenier Culepspei. 
MR. C, after painting the hortori of 



nal gOTtroncK 

_. Q , and the cicrtioMg 

Kot of the execaiive power, but of tfai 
ifTembled fioate, lo fare it fron d*np^; 
th*f •*raw and Ml the tmptMlin|{ daa- 
K«) pitiy> foratitne, loflii* i' jueooc, 
and all coneurrcd, heart and hand, ts 
ftamp their iteicftation of tht poifoa e>- 
deiToured to he iofufed into the niadi 
of the publick" (pp. It, 13). 

" Sornranding tunioni hava marked rdI 
nMnm Ihsir puhlic abhorrence of fkHh mea- 
furj* at the French hare purfoed. Pci1ui<s 
however, manlcind might hare teokcil e« 
with forbasrance, had tliey confiuel Afar 
daedi 10 Ihe timili of the icinf doan thsf •(>• 
pred I but when Eicnpe it pervaded wiib 
prindplea fuhtwrfiva of everr (DtniillM^ 
where Francs eiefli her unhallowed bw 
nefi, it is ihe dutjr and interett ul all tk 
pnxafi Uie form of gavemnuuU under wluck 
eacli particuLtr nation h«s trown.ireat aot 
relpeftable, wlien tinta ftuU have d eared 
xtia^ the Tnitt which at prefent Uiiidi th« 
reafon of thofe who have been led aftiSf hf 
duArines fubveifive of everr principta itaCT 
pretend t(i pniteQ, and whiali, to eftiMilh 
falfe o^d merely ideal ri^l^ of man, n«er> 
throw and dcAroy t1i« rEfthiy, then IhalltlH 
abeitnn o( thei'e duarinet link into ths ca^ 
tempi they fo juftly deferve; reifun and 
found policy will again afTume their luuaal 
fw.iy, ami behold with abliotTence thi aOa 
of men who, iranii^ing all ot^t inder their 
feet, lure drigeed from ihelhmue if Ua 
aiiceflon a king compalTiona^ msrciliili 
and jnli" (pp-af> a^' — " Mnrdei' h« aT 
lad put Ihe finiUung llrake to llie preiun- 
Inry aflio-.ts of the tiationid Cuiivenli <n. At 
Inng at humaniiv formt part o( the humao 
he^iri, il>ef..leof LouitXVI. ' 






Hi< 



riled [uffeiiHgi and hit uniimely « 
u»l an auxfuL lelfoh [o Ihc world, who muft 
iMcelTaTily Icim friim ii and the confeifunt 
dreadful a& which h;ive follixved, divl, U ii 
miith tuhafcaied, are ftill to (o'.low, luir 
da'igeruu) 10 ina inlereltt of liumMiilir i« 
giving tlia reiot to Ihe liirbuleiit p.iUitioi 
wliich ambirion prompts tlie huitun m nd to 
brkig into athoo. Il renaiued for ihc lilh 
century to be the perpelr-ilurs, in IIk kiiij- 
dom of fiance, uf ihe moft i.n|uiuj'y re- 



r difgr* 



il the a 



Cpp- 



pofl.tiiy (h.ill ic,i>l 
wimder, ilie vaiious {r^idutiimt ty w'. 
wh"le people, in fo Ihuit a i-mu, li 
fboitly ch-iagid the natiuoal dar-itter 

If the author meant a change of tbe 
love of monarchy [O that of lepubli- 
cinifm, he |>. ijghi; I'ut iF he I'.ti.kiihE 
Fiench hwe depa<^t& Ivtxti -.Ww i\*\\«iiA 
. lod nUUIli 6^U>&.Cl O^ )\u^e, ctM.'dvft 




Mivino 9/ Nm PuUkatUm. 



[Aug. 



and ambition, he hat ebe eurrcnt of hif* their nidet meditated t recreit. They 

lory apainrt him. • were, howe w, urped on by cbreatt, ^U 

« Intoxicated w(th the fucce a which the the travtllert preiTed forward with re- 

foic« of France have niet with, oniverOl newed ardour, (iaking knee-deep into 

•mpirefeemstobcrheobfeaetwhicluher the late, and affailed by a violent aod 

aim. Notroatifs can bind them i and po- ni«r^«a tifi»^ r^ .k.. .u '^•" *"' ""*» 

licy, the guide of otlieriutions, islaidafide HlT^fTf ' • ^ ^^'^ "^'/^ **""' 

to%urfuc^he phantom of republican Q."x! TlS^^ul^r^^^'' 'xJ*'""^ '*'•'' "^"J* 

«iifm" (p. 29). ^ *V<^ »"*^ '^* **'^«: The youneer guide 

Mr. C. is of opinion, from the rank ^'"T* ^T^ ;^« »«ff^bchind tit) he rcco- 

lich Britain holds amone furroundine "^^1%' ^} ^^^^ P*? ^^^ ^^^y ttiXtrt^ 

' every coovulfion of Euroc* * ^i"'^ between the rocks, probably 

and inauencc ir.uft ever be o"«<^^«<* by an eruption of lava, and 

next defccnded loco tlic crater, almoft 



which 
nations, in 
her power 

looked up to, and her whole force called 
into adioD to reprefs, and keep within 
bounds, the cnterprifing efforts to de- 
range the cquipoifc which .^lone ptcfcrves 
peace, and which it precifely the cafe at 
prefeot (pp. 30, 31). 



fuffocatcd with fmoke. Mr. R, finding 
that a fudden and violent numbnefs had 
feiied hit fide neareft the ground, rtartcd 
up. and ruOicd to the lummit of the 
prak, where the intenfentfs of the cold 
drew blood from his pores, but his ref- 



177. /In ExcHrfion f the Peak if T#»niTiflfe, P^"*'<>n ^}^ ^"f* They novw ftood on 
m 17911 heing tin Smbjfnnce c/ m Letter f '"* lummit of the peak of Tcntrffc, at 
Tofcph Jekyll, £fa. MP. F.R.S. and »« «'"tude tremendous to the imaeioa- 



Jofcph Jekyll, J?/^^ M P, F. R. S. and 
S. A. frm Uemt. Rye, of the Rtyml N,tvy, 
/Reviewed fy s (krrcffondent ; fee hefwe, 
mrt. 97, ff. 154, 255;. 

MR. R, bcine 00-board the Gorgon, 
bound to New South Walev, when flic 
put into Slota Cruz for refreOirocnt, ob- 
tained leave of the governor to afcend the 
peak, in which attempt fo many others, 
end, laftly. Sir George Staunton, had 
failed. Notwithf^andiog every argument 
to dilTuade them at this f eafon of the year, 
accompanied by Mr. Burton the bote- 
njA, our gallant lieutenant overcame all 
difficulties,and,on ApriliT, i79i,fetout, 
with guirtet and mules, for Oratava, the 
road from which, to Santa Cruz, fliewing 

S roofs of the ftrong coovulfions which 
laiuie has here, fuff'ered by eruptions 
frqm the peak. Here they hired two 
peafaats for their guides, and laid-in a 
^Aock of pruvifionv, two or three fait 
fiib, two dozen of hard eggs, one dozen 
of (m^ll loaves, and two gallons of wine 
in a keg. At day-break on the i8th 
they were two miles from the town, 
among rocks and precipices covered with 



imagiu_ 
tion. Thii, for want of inftruments, 
could not be afcertained. In the circum- 
ference of the vertex they remained an 
hour and an half, col edging fpicimens of 
brimf^onc, calcined Hones, and nitre, of 
the fine It qualiy, which arc depofitcd in 
Mr. Parktnfon*8 mufeum. The crater 
is nearly circular, from forty to fifty 
paces deep, itt diameter at top from 
Icventy to an hundred paces, furrounded 
by ftcep and rugged rocks, and itt f«r- 
face at bottom covered entirely wi»h 
nitre over brimftooc. The botrom it 
full of cracks aod fiffures, whrnce, if 
you run a (lick in, ilfues a column of 
fmoke. "It was Co hot that we were 
obliged to be continually moving our 
feet, or ihey would have b;cn burnt; 
and the rumbling, bubbling noife which 
aflailed our ears X can compare to no* 
thing but the found ot an immenfe boiU 
ing cauldron." From the fummit they 
bciield the grand Canary, appeartnjr at 
a part of Teneriffc ; but the profpe^ olf 
the other iflandt was toully imercepcsd 
by-clouds. They returned with Mtraordi* 



fern, heath, and SpaniOi broom. About f^^ "pidity to the fpot where they had 
ten they entered the plains, covered with **" ^^^ mules, and where Mr. B. found 

i^^r . two roots of violets, whole ftower re- 



lava and rocks, extending from fcven to ^^^ *^^^* *^ violets, whole flower rc« 
ten miles, where f . many travellers have ^*'^^^«^ ^J^« hedge- violet, but the leaf 
* '^ ' ' ' • Wit very difttrenr. Above this fpot 

were no marks of veg«ta:ion. Thty 
weie welcomed by their landlord ^t Ora- 



left their lives, and where they experi- 
enced a fudden tranfition from cold to 
he4t, and an opprcrtinn on their lungs 
from the fulphureous particles with 
whicli the air was impregnated. At 



tava, and, indeed, by the whole town, 
aod by a>l on the ro^d to whom tht 



noon they reached the firft fight of 8"*^^^ }^^^ i^«ir fucceftful adventure; 



rocks, called "The En>;lifliman's Rett- 

iiigplace," a mile from Grata va, and 

Mbout haif.way to the Tugar Joaf. By 

this time thdr Aoei were worn out, and 

S 



and arrived at Santa Cyuz early in the 
evening of the 19th ; and the gratuities 
they be (lowed on their guides and mult*, 
ttcu were otoCt x!bi^uii<^\H iturit4« 

1\^ 



m^Tl Ibview if New PitSetiitiih- 737' 

ITU* ftoR mmttn, which cmld not coDtitiblc innrmistDrc of tlie eecleliilfa'- 

fMRbty be IbHirer for winter rhe Dceef- cil lad ciiil dinfioni, firll taggt^ei to 

HIT »ppwft (bi Riikiag pbilofophical Dr> B, to fonn la cntira new s^ of 

nb wi f *i oa<, hi» gi»«n m muih plgalura tli« htii|£<1om, do iwo Ouat, bv ■ Ic^* 

ICdwTWnrfaT. MT.'EAm,iif:,a.'tttti-. of Tis metier to ■ roiU, from che licft 

•4 M ihs fifnimh, lod it toolt him ■ day auihcMritiei tnd ihc moft tuihcDue infor- 

■nd aa iulf ta bo tul morn. Hit de- mtlkiii lie wii ible to procure. A per* 

' ftdptiM; in tK« I>hi1<ir«phicit.Tr*nfie- fifl, comfi raip cintiat bt txpt&ei tilt 

dooif t^ 34^,' p. jif, Bflddim't A* cteiy coddij hit been ■ccurKtly Tur* 

bridpncnti in. t7t. ii fnller and mora (ifcd. Str WillUm PcRf, iGj;, Tur. . 

niBatci ind he mentioRi tarcrnf, pool* vcyed *ll the foTfcited lindi, under 

of wiier, end fnot-xrttt, which crciped which dercriptioii the frettir part of 

Mr. Ra*, unlcrrvc fuppofi their touts laatt couali«t, end the whole of oiben, 

«m diflmnt,' Dr. Thinii** HehcTdtn, wen iBtlodcd. Since that periodtwclra 

brMhcr of Dr. William, (fecnded the countiei hare been furmycd. Ir thir 

atouBtalii (tncc *, aid pave an account map Dr. S> hat codeannued u eih a 

ofitiD Piiil. Tranf. XLVn. p. ]j], faithfnl TcprereBMiioBof |||^*ceof th« 

aad (he fait he thence broa|h( it ana- cogatr^, hy dcItDcaiinm wiih all tha 

lffc4 in the fame Y ranfaSioait LV. preciGoo in hit power, thecoucfe of ri- 

^ 57. Be let out from OiaiaTB 'at vert, tha fiiuatioo aod compantira 

two P. H. - fix leanct From tha pic, bdghl of mountaioi, aid ibe lelatira 

it>lH«lc foot he Riched « eight in the fise and conlcquence of town* and *" 



laiking firet for warmth ) arceaded a have been Sir William Pcttjr'i pobtifbed 

ilctp, loare, Tandy f<Hl, for a quiiicr of a m>pi, and tii< original furtcy) of the fe- 

Inpve, Hod ihcD a* fir amung volcanic nral btioniei and parilh:-ii, preferred i^ 

malTci, to the cave of Ttyde, 15 feet the rarTcvor-geceral'i office ia Dublin* 

wide at entrance, and to the water over callle, and from various printed fur« 

ice le or 14 fe.;t. At inwher quarter vrvt aod txcelUnt drawings. The af- 

of a league ia a plain of fand, wiih 4 tronomical abferrinoBt are by the tare 

ycllowilh pyiamid nf fand or cindcn. Dr. Ubcr, profcilhr of aOronomy in ilie 

called the lu^ar-loaf, covered with fnow uDiferfirv of Dublin, and oiheri. LilU. 

tbe cieateH ptn of the year, about ODt- ly, the Dofior employed two fummcrt 

ci^hihvf alba^uctothe top. Aleigbtio in vifiuajt ilie difTerent countiei and le- 

ihe maiDir.g Eaioed the crater, ti or ij moter parts 1 and the tigiftrie* of the 

feet d«ep, aliout 40 fathomi diameter, diocefci fupplied him with pirodiial in- 

•early cimlar, the ground hot, aad full formMion. He docs not, hawcrcr, en- 

of fpiriclcs. In a ntcbe of one of the fute abfulute perFeflion to hi> map. 
t«cki the drop brimftone is condcnfcd " The necefDirr limiis of fiichamemofr 

by ihe *ap->ur. Dr. H.^akea the per- predudo more than a mere Ikeldi of Itia 

penilieuUr height ef the pic i;G6 fa- picfent Rata of the kingiloni. fint If I 

thorns, the fummit vifi'jic above the DiDutil h.ive the happii<e(s of findiiii; that 

cloudi in Rne weather, but capped with itiii efTay k received with indulftenee, I 

a thick white cloud ajtainn rain. ' may, perhaps, ai a Cottire day, oScr to tha 

The mummy dcfcrihed in our vol. poblick a mere full and panUuLii' account 

XLIII. p. 46, was hruuBhi fiom tbe "' IrelanJ. In tlie part whicii rebtct t» 

peak by Caw. Youne, 1771. "^ tliureh, 1 fliotild propoCe to trace tha 

' ' - " hiOoty of each di»cc(e, and to mark tho ' 

lyg. Mm^r rfa A&* ^ Ireland, HLflrtll^g y"?™ ^'Si'i"'"' *'!)='' ■""' '''"" P''-" 

ri, Tof^'7fl,y y,Z> KingfLm, Zl J. '" f 'ft^hhrhment, from the e^rlieft po- 

-.. ,.* .<- .^., . ^... ^J. , .' flancetofeverypanlh, till valuation ill ths 
kin-'s bock), the fiift fiuii', era nii- rent', 
procnralioir, and other charges to wJi'c!i 

Ih, G-«r '/ Loi-h, M, Jt. lU ""' 'f'^' »" *'=™- In «be-o!her pa.l, I 

THE difficulty of afcettiining the cc ^nSy^ ^d'^X-^ XTr. 

ctifiaRtcal di*ifran of Jrelaed, and the in,erefling at prefent, W minutely enquire 

]nnii« of each dioeefe, and the unac- in,„ ,he feveral changes that have been made 

• The J*.', -«.ri, atri J^i, are not men- J" "■* ''"'V'''™'* "' Pfy"''"^ ^nJ tlw JA^^ 

tiODed: butthB,uperw«riaJFeb.i,,;ji. ™"»«10l «nol«s, mttwUMttt* A ^.uwv. 



73^ Review of New Putlicathnf. [Aug* 

the face of ihe country,, and the lerriiorial jrnd Irifli confumcrs (p. 13). To <lc- 
piH»p«rt>, hy coiifuicrnp Hie prowing pend entirely on our Weft India plin- 
profperxiy of the kin^doni, the RraduM but t ,^ f..^ a lupoK c.f this commoditv, or 
vaftincrcafeof itspopul;:tionaMdopurcnce, ^,, „ |,.^^ ^^^ „,^,„, ^^ leducir.g the 
aud the C(Tnn.xton of each, uirh >l. eftic.cnt j,^ confidcrnbly, would Ik: the height 
caxi.e I u«uW trace the operation of, n. it foUv and infituit.on (p. 26). It U 
ternal diircniions and foreicn invafions in r ,, . . , , ^' . ■ r . 
former ag.., and the happy confequences ""'^'^^^^'v adm.ttcJ that th:s kir.jjclom 
that flow ivom the feitlemeiil of the c.mn- "'^^^ *' ''* »»ni>or.tnce, and inoft of its 
trv, the prog.el$ of civUiz^tioo, and the ira- c<>«ntorts, to comcucrce, which can only 
provement of arts, nwiiuUauics, and com- ^»*- re.aincd at its prefect eminence by 
ro^^rce in later times/' ^cl ng the produce of every community 
At the erd of rhe memoir i-^ given an *»" 'I'* f-»it.apcft terms, by our merchant* 
cxp'anatton of Irifh w..rdb, wliich occur concinuinjr to be cnrncrs ro maiket of 
moa trcqucnilv in names of places j and »'' «>^«" ^^'^'^ produitiors and manufac 
a copious index to the map, f.rming a «"'^*^^"« »** «'«*' « ^^« of our depcnden'f^ 
topographical rcpcrrory to the kingoom *"^ *'"[ P^^»^* ^^ ^'*= ''»'^ uniircrfai depot* 
of Ir«land.4ifrhen toilows a dcfcripticn V*^ ^'' (oivt^n mer handizr. The Weft 
of the map and it. conftiuaiun; re In=»-'iv luvc tacitly fubm.iied to this 
count of lieUnd in gcnecal, nnd of ici 7**"P l>v »J>t oppniing that claufe, la 
fcvcra) counties 5 ecclefialtical divifion 'he a^ cf uli fciiion. which opens Naf- 
ef Ireland; 2436 Pariihts. torming 1 123 '•*«'»" New Piondenct: as a f.ec port, 
benefices with cure of fouli, and 1 1 1 ^^'^ »'»«= '",^11"'^ "^''^ r..(h:pping c{ Jo- 
finecures, looi churches, and 354 ''^''^ Wt.? Iiidu (ugar to Great Bniaia 
g'chc-houfes ; 366 benefices are ddtiu and clfcvvhcrt (p. 27). 
lute of elebe ; a polvlciipt on the in- The author proceeds 10 ftatc the ac* 
creafe of population, which is at thU tual in.iinfic v<t) le ot the Eall and W<ft 
div 3,850,cco prrfons (Sir Wm. Petty Indies, ac«l ihcii ief})eUive commerce, ro 
cr.imatftd it only at Soo.cco) ; liil ct Great Britain, the probable improve- 
round toweis; the returns of the col- mcnts of which each is capable, voder 
lr:£tors of hearth-money, 1695, a mil- tiic inirlacnee of prosier eitcourageroent 
lion. Th^annual value ot all :hc ex* and impartiality (p. 30—35). 
ports of Ireland amwumed. on an a^er- „ ,^ .j^-^ comp .ritivc view the exports t# 
age of the ]ati Icven ytars, ro 4,357,000'. ^oih, under their rcfpedlive monopoliev, ap- 
The gloliary, index, and ii;: of iub- pc.,r nearly cqu.l; thofe to th? Eaft have 
fciibcrs conciu ^c this valuable mLmuir, fmce c( nfidcr.«bly inci^eafed, ind are in a 
companion to u map of cqu*! inciir. llaie of progreflive augmcntaticxi. The im- 

pat ts of the Company alone, exclufive of th« 

J 79. Tlr RJf^lf of :ht Weft Tn»'.ia Merckwts tr.ule of ir.dividuuls under ttjcir licence, al- 

to a (ibuh^i 2*hn<,loly of tU Suga'-marLii cf rc:idy amount to moic Ihiui the whole of 

Gieat Urii.lin, and the Exf>*iiiencc cf all tlioic from ihc Wtft lulia idonds. It is im- 

/.V'.T.^/.v.t, e^-atninfti. potliblc to tltimate liow much faither they 

Tills ob;c6\ of this fenfiblc writer is ^'y extemi, whci. to them (hall be fuper- 

to refute the claims and complaints of ad'icd'h. f.ipply jfnigar now and hereafter 

.1 \\r n f r .„ .<.k«»»e •.<fr^*A;».r »ii« expected to be c died hir-aiid the iuimt>erlcr8 
the W eft India merchants rttpccting the » ' 

- , , or XV - . rvi ^,r o'iier arf.clcs of produce, which reduced 

fug.r.t.ade and to ttf.a an t^iial par- ^ ,^ ^^,j „„rc}^^i„^j importation may 

ncipicion of u for the ^"^ In<"a mtr- ^,^^^,^ ^^^^^ g^^^j^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ 

Chan 5. The M;nj.Ur fliould not omit ^j^,^^j^.,. ^,^ i^.^ ^-epenJcncics*. The duties 

any mcafuic uhich prcniiifcd to fupp.y appear -^ prefent in favour of the Weft lii- 

tliis n.aika with fucar as cheap as pidii- jjcj,^ ^ut may be cxpeaed to r.ugmcnt here- 

ble, nor the Eaft lud'u Ginpany omit after on the contrary fide, as the Eaft India 

to ava 1 t^cnifelvcs of every fair ocrafion traile iiirr'afes. In ftriA faiinefs we might 

which oflercd tor extending the cuicur:; t:) take into this account the wl>«*le fum de« 

anci iniDiovemcut of their (pacious and du<ftet! from tea, and levied in taxes by ih* 

fertile provinces, and the prifitahle iiatlc Commutntion-nc^, fince the plea made ufe 

of their chartered cor:ftitU( nts (p. 5) — ^^ ^"»" l^y«"S ^l^^'^*^ additional bnnhenson ih« 

If the late annual cxpiut ot 1 2,000 hogf- r«<M^lc was to allow them in another way, 

Karis (f fuear was a furplus ot W.ll hy an expcacd red udion of the pi ice of the 




fc 

4 



'79S*JF ^JivUw of Nfw PkUiaalim. 739 

ttm fibntert. Tlw Sx^A pmpeity ami po» over, of contrlbotiof brgeljr to the angmea- 
p iitotkw of Indu exceed tlK>fe of the iflaitds tacinn of oar oaral llrength, and to the ex« 
beyond all proponion. Thr p.)rent (Ute uf ciufion of all rivals in the moft exteofivo 



benefits confiilerably hy a per- trade of the iiniverfe, uill fnmifh all tite 

petnal addition to the national wealth, not fifids or cafita/ for conduiRtng that trAi'e, 

vtcr^ (if tlie intelieit or incomcS| but all of and leave a larfe furplu^ behimi to ilear off 

the capital fortunes which are unifoimly its own iacomhrancei, and afterwards to 

brought fimni Imlia to tV>js coun:i7 by every eafe the national bunhens of the mother- 

Ibaoriilul adventure. The fdtplu^ levtnue coonti7. When all thefe important object 

of that countiy is another fource of Brlttlb can be obtained by a<lopttng miitd an<l^!iher4 

opulence . atid fpleodour. The «|tiocient«y principles of goveniment ov r the natives, 

wtrichform this revenue^ are iteclumlly the who requiie only to be left utitnolelted in 

p ro pe l ty of th^ nation, while 4h. fe of the their caftoms ;in<i religious prtjiui ices* ai:d a 

ifljinds are pnd^lTed by private men. The libeity ta puifue their hereditary c'l^pioy- 

direct navipR'on, or rather tonnage^ is ihe. mcnts, after the nuniM^r of their fore&itvrsi' 

frcolefl^ at prefeq^t on the fide of tlie from time immrtnoiial, for their own bene- 

iflandsv which v accounted for by recolle^l- fi^and at their oun dfcretion ; with fuch e 

iog the more biilky part of their commodi- contr^A before hik eyef| if any partiality is ' 

ties. When imponation fhall he eiiiuilly claimable, who will hefitate a moment' oa 

ireoy India wt^l very foon employ a gieaier w(>ich fi«le to bellow it? NdTliing mord - 

jiomb^r both (f tfibii>s and mariners" (p. 35 haxtibeen dem«»n(ted for India beyond equal \ 

•-•3fi).—*'\ye have rifdea^oiired to demon- duties and unr^raincd cultivatieo** (p« 



Urate Ihe comparative magnitude of thefe 
two monopolies^ and how hr tlie raif*ecitj 
of intrreft between us ani! each of them re- 
fpe^ivelyfhould iiuluce Governmenlio pre* 
ler either to tlie other, in its enkiH.ragement 
of the general c«)mn'erce of Great Britain; 
not meiclyhow far it would be jiiftinab-e in 
continuing to iUndlion this li&uh/tr mcno/o/y of 
a nec«{r.ii^ of life to one of thrni, w hich it 
may cafiiy, under proper regulaiior s, c)b:;»in 
at half the coll frmi the other. Thai i< by 
no meani the tvhole C|Ucft'on. It behoves \ s 



76—78). 

x8o. j1 general Fiew 9f the cCfual Tvrce and 
Refutrces rf France^ /« January 1792. 7* 
Vfhfch it addti^ A T«£le\ Jhewimg the De» 
frednthn ofj4/pgnats, arifng fttm their Ir^ 
crenje in Quantity. By \\ ilium Playfair. 
MR. P'^ oppoiranicits of knuwinj^ 
Ut.\% that vciy few Knpliflimcn can 
know, gii'ci him an adv^niat^e in dif- 



culling his important fui'j'^l, and tn- 
ln.miui.ewhc:hernorcrhiinop;o.Wyof ?*?;!'.riT/''n1"*.^_l''^^T^^^^ 



fair competition fhoi.Kl be granted at ;.U" J^^P^**' in t^imating the forces r 
(p. ,<)).-.*• A minit'cr of this kingdom, <ou»ces of a nation whofc fiiuai 
« ho has nor long :>go pfrccived the ichl 
point on u^iich this in>poitant (j'ltHirm 
«Hight to be determined, would be i'l-(|u;di- 
fied tor his emim nt (lation. It is not which 
of the two Ocpendencic> are to oUain a pie- 
feret.ce over the rthcr Yy a p?ni:d difixjnia- 



and re< 
ion is 
quite new in the annals of the world. 

«* We are told that Fraice has 1^.00,006 
armed men re:'.dy to eng.^ge her eneipieSf 
when we fhould be tuld that ihe has 
2,40c ,<oo who are not able to keep peace 
in their i-cf|ieflivc departmeius- VV« are 



tioii of his favoiu*, but u hich »)f the two, at told ih;ii France has difcuvered a method of 

the prcfeni monaenr, moft net ils I is pa- l^ing 

tronage :md tuimiragcmeiu, :uid honi \sl.icli 

of them the m< ther-conniry h.»s m<>ft l^nthi 

to expe^ in return. If the <'rir (whch, ;;c- 

cording to fome iefiH:dtaMc aithonr-es h-s 

been the c;ife) h:i& proved ;.n clernal fporge 

vn the capit&ls of this country, bcjth ii;\tit nal 

and c«;ir.metcial, and a c<MiOant fource of 

anxiety imd expeiice on every abtni r.nd 

commencenr.en: of hcftiliiicb af;3in;l any 

oilier power; if many of our mi. ft cfJiiridtT- 

able merch. nts have bcvtmc iiulilfeic.it to 

tljcTc^rrmirtion and tireil of fupjlymg their 

infaiiable calls for money to carry on an ex- 

petifive cultivation, toolc the fir!t favnt^ra- 

ble opportunity <!f getting home I'c'r mcit- 

gagf*, and reliiicpiifhing all cor.i.cxi(.n vvi^h 

l?e tJKinds for ever; whi:e, on iht other 

band^ a well- founded confiden e is treated, 

-that the reveifions alone of our m)menfe 

territory in the EuA are cap.ible not c)n!y of 

fupplylng the exjntnce uf :i]i its own internal 

0djMUbmeniFj civil md tmliury, but, mvre- 



able to fupport an expcncc of 
7,ccv':,occl. ftciling a month, when we 
ftiould be told that (he has lound a n.clhod 
(»f lunning 7,oco,"ocl. a month in debt, 
\v ihiu;t any polhbility of ever paying it, 
.nnJ u-ith a ceitainty of being veiy focn de- 
prived even of that ruiiK>us refouife. We 
hear that France is fi«e, and tliat the whole 
niti-n (a few Ariftocrats cxceptct') is con- 
tented and happy, when there is neither 
fjicty for huli%idu,,h, libcity of opinion, nor 
unanimity, the lovveft dieg* of the pecplo 
being, in Paris and every uhere tlfc, the 
condu^*orF and tyrants of iho'c uho have 
the vanity to fay they govern, and the 
wc.kntfs to im.ipinc that any one believes 
thftm. We arw told, by thtinfelvef, that 
their fnccefs in Sci tember, O^^ober, and 
November laft, W's ov/ing to their coinage 
and good gcficralfhip; when, in fa6l, it was 
owin^ to ill couduClwaA v^Vwi^^V^Ssi 
their encinnies.^* 



740 RivliW •/ New PulUcatl^us. [Aug, 

Thcfe dclufions Mr. P. combats, and preparing. Indead of tranquillity and peace,, 
ihevvs '* tl:ere never was t time when the Conftitution brought on more troubles, 
France could fend fewer men into the field, and theii' termination feemeil not now to 
for liny C()>tinuance of time, and fupply be fixed. A general miitrud took place, 
ihem with nccelfai ies, than at prefcnl. They mixed with defpondency, and ihe amgnais 
can neither pay nor clothe ilieir armies. Can ftverely felt the (hock. That the aHfignati 
there be a clearer proof than this of the ne- hardly variid in value, and even rofe in the 
ccflity of Older, arranscment, and induftry, horrid maflacres of September 2, 3, 4, and 
to. create force ? and can any thing (hew 5» is a plain proof that collatei al circum« 
more diftindtly the fallacy of eftimating re- ftances, and confiJcnce in tho minis fyftem 
venue by, rc.«ms of paper, or force by the. of affeirs, regained the value of ih-j alH^nats. 
total number of aimed men ? The whole Since the Republick has ovcrnm Brabant, 
nation, fay they, is a camj^t and precifely for and threatened the whole of Emopc Ln a fit 
that reafon there is not one regiment of of folly and infoletice, their credit fmks, and 
well-accoutred foldiers. To 'opjwfc the the death of ihcir Monarch, which they pre 
Duke of Haiufwick'sarmy of 6c,coo men, tended woiUd enfure their profperity, has 
whole villages were dt>populated of the flill augmented the.r difcredit. Thus the 
flower of their youth in the Not them parts famous Republick, with its daws extended 
of France ; and I fay it from certain know- oo all fides, is like a crab, and goes back- 

ladgc, that the numbers who died from dif- ward iaflcad of advancing" (p. 19). " [ 

eafe and (kirmifhcs amounted, in three think it is likely tl\at when the ailignat falls 
months, to three times the whole number of to oae-third of its value, the order of prices, 
their enemies. As to finances, when the with regard to buying and felling, will be fo 
afTicn:.!:; were firft iHued, there was a great altered and confufcd, that it will occ.tfion an 
ijuantiiy of real fpccie in France; the Go- almoft total difcredit of that paper; and I 
vernmcni created thcni rather for tlic pa>- iraagiiie tliat dil'credit mall take place 107 
ir>ci.t of debts than for the ufual purpofcs of wards the month of May or June next, or, 
the ricifu^y. The lands of the Clergy, at farthelt, by September, ihouKI our war 
feized by the firft AfTemb'.y, ferved as a with them continue. As foon as the a(ngn;»t$ 
pledge for Ibe reimburfement, or rather an- ceafe, the power of the prefcnt Govern- 
Dihilation of ihefealTignitsi and thus there msn*, if Government it can be calle«l, will 
was a real value in the paper fo created, ceafe ^ but not till then \ for I do not :.t- 
Thc progrcfs of burning, and the hopes of tempt to deny that, fo long as the adignaC 
peace, qnietncfs, and a revenue from taxes docj ftil at a certain price, it is not mucli 
when the Conftitution ihould be fmithed, matter what that price is ; fjr two ream^ 
gave, defervedly, confiderable credit to a of paper, inftead of f-n;, will do, and for the 
paper which, fince ihefe hopes have vanifh- moment anfwer the fame end, the ofnly dif- 
cd, and fmce its quantity has been fo prodi- ference being, that it (hortens ihc career" 
gioufly increafed, defei^ves no credit at all, (p. 23). 

nor obtr^ins much. By degrees, however, Mr. P. i* of opinion, the only method 
the new anignau; created became more nu- of m.kinK war on France wa^ to dtpre. 
meroiis, and, ceafing to be p;ud to pobhc ^,^^^ ^^tx c.edit, inftead of crmbating her 
creJ.lcis for re.mbu. foments, began to be ^^^ ,^^^,^^.^ ^^^ g 

employed for evei7 fort of payment, tind 1,, ' .« «,.w^, / ■- ,x ^r, ' 

fupplied the place of taxes to the public T\ ° ^^f' ^-'c^t^A^l' ?"«*''".' 
triafury. The affignats paid to the poor, or *'"^t'. "'' "'^ '^'l^''^\ ^^ ^' ""*^- 

the merchai. IS, ccafcd to be employed in the wick s campaign to Kk viulcnt m.ini- 
purchafe of church lands it was immedi- ^-^^/^' ^hic^i fr!i;hf nul h!-, fricndi from 
atcly paired iu tiVej the gold and filvcr, a"»«ii5^. Notwuhaandim^ which, Mr. 
by degrees, became dear and fcarce: fmall l*la; fuir is of opin-on, tliar, •* with all 
afTignais became neccffaiy, and were ere- tlie advantage; the French hal of mpctiug 
«tedj fo thv, befoie ihc end of the year their enemy, in :« fi.lc and f.miithed condi- 
J791, a traveller migh: go fiom one end of ^""i* "» il>e heart ui t'ncir conntiy, in far ia- 
France to tlie other, :<nd fee neither gel J, f'=i'«or minihcrs, it i^ much dt»ubied whe- 
filver, copper, nor atiy ( tlier currency but ''^^'> '^ *i brittle h.:l S.i'a gi/cn, they would 
tlie aiTJgnats which were at 10 per cent, nor have loft it: .-nl thougii the Duke, cer- 
lofs. Ihc Conrtitiiliu.'i was f»nilb'.'d, and ^li'^*'/ ^^iih a grc.it lh.«r« of an, and much to 
was accepted by that \vc!l-m;;r.ninp;, goo.'.- bi^ priife, auu-ived to gain time till nocinng 
jiaturei', and uf^al King who h^i lo lauly ^"'^ i dnm-ful r trei: was p.»Hir,lc T.r his 
paid fo dtatly fv»r h:» good ialeiUii;ns, vvl o Ciicaiit;-, yet did he n.>t oncc due to attack 
has expiated, in fo ctui-l a niaan>;i, hl^ f.il.d t'*^^ d:{ealcd anny in its utieat, infomuch 
complaifance to a fet of levelers, whofd "^''^^ •'^^l Europe im.«p:i.iid in«»re was a fv)ri of 
ambit'ion and vanity could bear no fupeiior, pc^ce mad« with the King rf Piuilia. That 
but who were too igncrant to fee tl.at thev '*^i^ ^.is not ll:e cafe, has hnce hem clcaily 
w«/;W/htfmfclvc^^ be among the nurriber of <-yidert; and the Duke's tneiprifing fplnt 
/Atf vJdluns winch their owa hands weic S'ucs every reafon to believe, Uiatifthenhe 

uid 



whn hme perinird fi nm cnli), hunger, uid lirmch of lunurf i> bctier file thin ddcrH^ 
i.(ejtt, imi.nE <l^s French, as well as In eJ ; and Chen >re Mtaa)) |i'rfoat to whon 
Ikinriflie-, :ire as Torpilfint;!; ere»t a^, ry revenue ii Iwtet. I am br fr^ dunking 
die il^ilemenu to tlie N.-tiinnM AOimHy, tlw iniioritT of the Oiirtoii futliy t on Iha 
they appear fiirprifingty fniall : even at Pa- conirary, io Paru, where Ihe gaik is or- 
ris the roniJe are i^ the dupes t>f ihit arti- finly the gieateft, I am eertain ihal nine twt 
fieet forthofemlnnleerswliohavfTBtiimeiJ of ten de(er»ecenfiiro only from nnl liaving 
h>ve fonMimc; ttM the irmh, ihougli ii i* cnura((e eoaugh to at) when it was necef- 
clear Ihey <<are nni make il pvbllc"(p. 15). (aiy. Men. imliTHtiAlly hra«e, do not al> 
" The prefent campaign, whetl er Enj- ways aft in civil hroils ai if lliey were fb, 
Lind had cngaGbl in tt nr nut, muD he very becaufe, as no lingle exertion can (Modiica 
diAWeiit fn.m Itie liH. Tlic ii>i»ncrs uf any Good etlca, Iliey only afl witen thef 
France are pcodigiiinny nioreexliaut^eJ,aiiil hare conGJer.ce in Wliers, wh" onll aft 
tin remains of llie unfmtiinats hi.iife of with lliem. Nnw, iwfnrti'nMely for the in- 
Biiaibon are all with (he coi.feilci ale ar- hahiiami of Paris, ai t<«y Ikad l<ren accvif. 
>rie5. DilJcipline t^'ill not l-e much iineliii- -bunai tii a fotT of implicit cnnliclence in af- 
rated in ihs French armiis (ince bft yearg fain of governmenl, and wens obliged, ill 
I'le fuli'ieis of lih<;ii}' quit their polls uhen at imee. Io become jotemon, ignorant, tf 
Uhj chulei aiidlhrneuanny viUhef^nn- the fame tltnr, of Ilio true bifii of libertr 
cd. Ihu frnng, chiefly frnm law recruits, and its firll princit>lei, whicit it i> luolata ' 
The manning .viil cumm^ndinE of aiiav) aia Inr man 10 learn 0(i a (udden, at yearsof ma- 
Very ditfereiil Acmi .ending ihm Hlmd'amiy. lurity, iherecuuld be nu unity nor miitBal 
Tlie flati canniit bt furoilhrd uiih necel'a- cunfidenco among them j nor Muid e»«» 
rin, nor will the nAiecrs uiiileitiike to com- the great neccDity of the cafe uni^c ihe inh»- -t> 
mand men who will oKy only during their bitants nf a city (nrmerly Srowned in tuloqr 
' (ran (n-d pleafnrt. — Ever fincethe RcvdIih and pleafun^ and, ever fince its revnil, ttv 
tinn. Franca hat been in wani of grjin, and f|ioil of intrigng" (p, 4;). — "-At prefeiit ic 
nblifed (o h.1*e fupplief, becaufc iliscircula- ii only bywailing tluough ncewtof blood, 
tion in the inteiinr, fii^m one tinvti to an- and letting adverfity and time teach wifdoM 
'ptiier, has. been giertly inCerrii{<Ii^>', and tn them, that they can ever ellablifh liberiy. 
^ricullurc, ill fnme dfgrce, nejUftcd; the Nay, ii ii more probable they will fall under 
eircul.ittnn continue? 1.1 he loieii^iMcii j the tlw hand ol fome defpoi before the* can lO- 
>iamA was neglefltd laft year ; ^I'ni men emnf lift) iheir defign ) for, ac preient, go- 
in arms conruma much miiie thin m>n at verned ai they are by the lower ordor of Ik« 
fiome. England may leckcn nutli on the people, who aretlie dupos and agents of th» 
Ignorance of all tht.fe em ployed ir i!ie marine molt deCgning among ihomfeUo, Revcto- . 
4»Mwvdepartn»nl!, and 1 he l'i>iril of ton- tion «iB follow Ravoluliiip, until Porailf 
IradMion, whidtfru{trilrtexfitiniiine>cry and ^[uality, ot Mi(«rii V^aAWt&^nV'im 
.coiBiirf wiHfeihtce are /woj>J<.af diAircu cniitefti tar, ailnn^ u Aw^ v\w v^tA 'tt« 



744 

feXveSf otlifiT, who wint a'fo to be rich, 
-will overturn tlenit n\d take clieir placet^ as 
haf happcncil al»c.ul>" (p. 46). 

** Upfin a queltion fceming to go in fa- 
vour of the King, the galleries role, and 
fatd, u itii violent gefturcs and nunaeer, * Go 
borne, yvu rsfcAlsy yon men hind at iJJ-. 3- 
day, yun don't deserve them. Siiame I 
ihame! you betray ns. We're yo-ir maf- 
Uis; you're but deputies, p.id. You've 
fold us to the civil lift, you anointed curs ( 
but we know how to b^ revenged on r.ifca's 
like you, who were eat up uith poverty 
and lice till we took you into pay-^.inc|r>ou 
dare to Ixtray the nation, ynu dogs ! ! T 1 
can only fay, the Preach exprerHons were 
yet ihonger thail th«>fe 1 give. 1 was m 
M hM is c:d!ed the Sunpleants' Gallery, which 
bad but few people in it, though the puhl c 
galleries were vct7 full. The efk6i of iliefe 
threats v,:^ inlhintaneous; »nd on counting 
the vukes tlie tturd tinne (for the queflii n 
bad been decided) it was f«und to be dtter- 
mmed againd the King, agninil Juftic, and 



RiviiW 9/ New Publications. 



[Aug. 



wiihont induOr*.', wlat nJit'oii can be long 
formidahle; and that t'.id Fiench have any 
one of »h' fe prr.it reijn.fites to :\\ fuccefs, I 
drfy their null fiim fncntU and itrongefk 
advocntes to |Move : and, till the. can do fo, 
I muft p-irfift in thinking my condufions no 
Icfs juft and incontr.wertihlc than, 1 truft, 
they will prove fnlvit.uy to the natino, in 
prev<?i-,t ng all tv»rcaf:>ri:.1>!e nppiehenfion or 
dcfpondciiC)" (l»-40— -50* 

VCc cjnnnc dilmifs this excellent dif- 
cuffi'^n c?f French ftircc and ie!ourcet 
vvithcuc carnclUy recnromtnding it to 
general perufal, which will be our apo« 
lo^y far cxtrad'iing To laigcly from it. 

• 

18 f. Tefogra^hical Remarh relating to the 
Swtb-^uff.ein Pa*/i of Hamofbire. Tt 
%ubii-h it aiUeJf A Defnipti've Potnu In 
Txvo Volumci. By the Rev. Rich:ird War- 
ner, 'f Fawley, near SouthamptoM. 

THOUGH it rcquiies nor the pen of 
tbe chll^c h (dorian, or the adirircd no< 



againil Common Senfe. Such was, and l\ill ^^\.y\^ latnai antiquarian and topoara- 

continucs to be, the manner in which the j^j^^i fuhj a^-, a fty'e above medio- 

violent party tni.n;phs over the mnjonty, ^^^ ,^j ^^^ ^^ovc vulgarity, is tlTcn- 

tjpon alloccanons in whK:h .t .s thought to ^j,, ^^ p^^ ^,^ obfcvations which claim 

be worth u hile. Yet tlie nation in whuh • «ir r u r . 

J;,w. a.e fo p3fled pretem-s to be fie.-, snd f"^ ""V"- . ^^^.f f"""V; 'hcreforc, to 



to prelent an example worthy the imitation 
of all the t« Olid, ft is not from men go« 
\emed in this manner tliat England has any 
thing »o fe;if ; and it is Inrpiifing that thtic 
ibotild be men in Ergl.^nd folod to every 
fenfe of lb;ime r»s to j>fa f^ the French Go- 
verrmcnt; ana, what adds cnnfidcrah.'y *lo 
the dilrrace of fome fuch perfons is, that 
they knou-, peifcdtly well, what 1 have 
faid ; Ihm!1 ihe ^alkiies is llijvMly true. It is 
iidiiirionllv ki>own to all the wor.d, tli.ir, on 
,llic I'lh «'f Aupr»(^ the Alff mhly p.ilCid de- 
crtc*: at the rcquclt of every Ml.ickpnaid uho 
appcrred ntlf-c ha*, without 10 much ns er.- 
O'^ring their nanus in m;iny caU"> ; and all 
llje deciec'« prlLd u:i;i!'.i:u(;i!ily (t>r ievcral 
c'ays. Tli'Mi a ragged ftlUnv, withovit co.;t 
or hat, pnd covcetl uiili hKKMJ, I'ppeaied in 
the n:^me of t!'c na'.irn, and dcman^'eit the 
«lethroniMg vi t!'c Kn^g j otlicij. dt- mamled a 
Kepcbliwk and a Convei;t-.( n, Libciiy and 
liquali'v ; anJ, fiiicc that time, it is l-.y the 
fame means that they have bron;;ht their 
unhappy Monaich to tl»e bUK.k, li>.uiii,g 
itim, during his c<!ut-nfment, wjih nhi.fj; 



be under the difagreeable nectflity of 
pointing oat dtrfe«Vs in a writer v\hom, 
tor his own fake, we wifh n >t to cxpofe 
h'mfc'f fo ficijurntlv, and fo imma- 
ri'T'Iy, 10 the puh'ick. Mr. W^rn.ris 
n';t un»cfju »intvd with our fentimen & of 
hi talents, or with what is required of 
hui) by tVe pr- f.dor^i of antiquauan fci« 
trcr. Jf 1 c ii fixed in his purpofe of 
giving a gi nrral hiilorv of Hani|>(hire, 
lie i< very inju; icious in anticipating it 
hv thcfe Rcmaik*;, which muft he print- 
ed over afi;ain, wi:h or without enlargjc- 
Hterit ; and the old adage ib well known, 
Crarxbe bn po/ita mors tft. 

The howk I'pcns with a ftourifh on the 
favagc (l;tie ot hi.iq, vvhich we have read 
in an lundrcd books, and the progrcf^ to 
civilization, in winch C;efAr found him 
in li'itain. As that invader faw oo'y 
the S»)Uth-cai coafts, Mr. W. proceeds 
to otter fome arguments in fuppuit of 
Lymirgiom having been a Roman Oaiion, 
quantities of their coins having been 



from which, if Iv.s li rmcr quality of kinr, found there and thereabouts. 



if even his viitues and love of his people 

could n( I exenrpt h-m, he flionld at It.dt 

have been fl^icl^'ed by his miyforivmcs. The 

Fiends miion is in a Hare cf mjJneis and 

rag-, dangeiot:sto thofe wlio, vvithoui pre- 

can':ion, approach too near, as individtuil 

m.idmcnnie; but to .hofe who, taking the 

|>i-oper meaftire.^, attack them where they 

frc ienh ;ib)e to lefifl, the daitger can be but 

fmalf, iititi even tht.n tmid ha hut of fhort 

Suraiiuii, Witiiout pUn, \ri:houi order, aa J 



Nothint' fo much ciifi^racc*? an ufeful 
wr^ik aT> fj,lfe fpciline, whcil.rr tioin the 
«'j!hor or the piintei. Of this we can- 
not avoid noticing the follo\«ipg in» 
tV.ncts : An:i([uar/tf« for Antiquaij'j 
C^niLocn for C^niiien, perpetually; Cau.« 
l>cll for Can«/l>*-ll (p. 9, n.); minic? for 
murii» or mure? (p. 1 1, n.); C}ri«nd C^^;;- 
ftumici — ad Calc. (p. 13, n. f , p. 2615, 
n.)i Conifi Rt^crtus ivix \L^\\ ^o^^v (^o. 



'ty^l 



RfvliW ^f NiW PubSiaiUnit 



?45 



t7)| IUpll'iit(|i.st)j dt«y«Mai lib; (p. 
4T» ••X; V/Retiiw (p. 49)} Ducar^l (p. 
ttr, tjeain vol. II. pp. 155, 169)1 apu<l 
Pfo^nculi (p. 94)1 Hnliii^ihr^d, (p. 
koi); Pelloiiticr (p. 115)1 caii^nder (ih 
11c) I Citntrat/i fiMr Cootuiit.' (p. 147, 
B.}i Hovcd«o(p.i73){ Oridcnc4n» twice 
(pp. 176, 177, ■.>! g>vel rnd« (d 



cd fome peculiar privilff^** ^p. 287). 
Thii, as cxprcfsly lollowi^.wak rig|it of 
iandutrv. 

Mr., W. gt^et ao enct rtainiof^ accouor 
of the nqoaflic readings. There is foiiM 
mi flake in the rcf rencc for the rulei 16 
Mod. Ane* IL 9S5» aod prcf. 

Mr^ Warner, improviBg 00 the Idea 



»J4)l pl«!/fe («• 437)* i^'nie for Tame thrown out in the new editmn of the 
(p.t54, II. 18)1 m^MsJiia for monkt Bnt»»mia^ concerninR the com pa an v« 
(Lp. isOp Kli*or (p. 163, 0.); An- fl«r« «'f «»"« P»« of the county bcfora 
gla Sacra' (p. a6S, n.) j Du Freiies in *«<» «ft«r theConqueft, has, m chap. IV. 
Voe. Dextroi (p. ifli, n.) P- lei^-is^f »ery ably tindiciied the 

Regular dracion it the fureft authe nii. eharaWer of the Conoueror m the mak- 
carion of fadtf but who can follow »ng N«w Foreft. What he adds about 
Kcnnct, Ani. and Collint'a Petraee, for ^ foreft-lawi if interefting and cnriout. 
the ftory related pp. 19,^0? Dio ^# •♦Ambng.the barlaiiaos tf tha Nonb, 

€Hti'Cmtmr (p. 111), fttig (p. 113). who, burfting from their frozen regions. 
En. IX. 605. Whether the denVaiion oirenurned the goking fabrick of th» 
of the naVne of R^^iUm farm, near Bolder Roman empire, and fcrmed, wiih itt 
<p, 11, n.)» be jiift or not, ihert are fragments, the foundations of the pri- 
nanv other plates of the fame name ftnt European nadoot, there were two 

ruling paffioni which fecmed entirely to 
pofleis their fouls, the lore, of nnHW an4 
of the cbme" (p. 19S). 



rhich have not the fame fupporr. Mr. 
Monnt derives RijdoM in £licx from the 
Saxon Rovf ^mm, u/t»ift or p!e«fant hill, 
which is aoplicahle enjuph (II 490). 

TrammgiUd by fupcrlhtion (p. t2) 
may be a vtry ^ood Sii^kfptarcan phrafe. 



Bp. Tanner (p. 169) pUces the pre* 
ccprorv of templars at S, Badtjltj, near 
Koiiifcy. Mr. W. (p. 223 — 229) ac 



but may f^em out of p'act htrc, as much BaJrfUj, near Lyinlngton. 



IIS the trite lioes from that )x;et in p. :6. 
ImttrminahU boundantt (p. 45) f^cnts a 
contra<li£iion. D9rfa rce(: tioc uc adop'.ed 
for banks (pp. 79, 251). 

The Nortln rn mtm.he^ rf a ciiurwh is a 
new fubdiioie f. r a North ai.e. 

The Wufttrn txtrtmity arl Sf>u'b- 
eaflcrn mgrn^'ers «f a clmr.-Ii (!I. p. 33) 
|fa«i]ld. pcmaps, mere prjp r»> b: called 
its Weft f'Pni and S L'tl.-:a:!rrn ptrts, 

Prultration (o, 81); mscu'aiiors p. 
105); lentimtnt (p. 107): c 'o r-t^ion 
ot ao o£iMcialy or acknuv. h ■jr'-JO r.t of 
its fulTordinacion 10 the m-n. rv:i»v, uas 
|>aid bv the vicar of owldrc church (o. 
85). The moft anMcnt rfi>i:l«.ri»J lio'tirc: 
h4> minutcv of the perform ^n»e cf rfi/is 
in 1596 (p. 86). 

VViiat js the >u:hrrify f r MVicJn,; ths 
font in the tt'tji {^orch^ wijirfi th^t wiLl.in 
Boktnhurrt ciiurch ti. u « (p. 91) ? 

ytQiator of tk:i "j'tluahU iroptrl^ (p. 
122) is a Jo^-Jlealeri fVi^/y au«l ihc 
Vrimiic ii»t (p^. 12c, 141), i-, in pU n 
term^, ^jti/m^ I iIk jrW/ i-l U-.rii''|»e (o. 
165); F)« fence H^tgorn ii Fu rtnce ot 
W9'€€fitr (p. 169). 

Hint htcum tiigentem <jucm Romufui 
0Ctr afyludi 

Ktttubt. Virjr. [i^n. VIII. 342.] 
Reii^Urf o: ftcv^rd (p. 2^5) j ra.i.rr 
Ticciver^ as in the ilte.J p. 2^:6. *• The 
0i>bc}' 9i BenuJUu icsi:is £0 /ure (/aim- 



1^. 295. If Lcland mentions but one 
book in a monaHic libraiy, it U not to - 
bt tlunrt prcfuiTied thev h^d no more j 
hut that that book ibuck him moA a- 
iiion\; others. 

Vol. II. p. 3y n«,lH; ]l^i1»yi««i$ ei»* 

1*. 6, line 3 from Iwtrom, r. Cot;ae. 

p. 9. Barbar/V for barb-n^ai/. 

Ihid. Tiite morahzation on Carif« 
brurk\s ruins; and Shakl'pc-arc^ dciciip- 
tir;n of Dover cliffs, fo oftcii hackneyed 
by cVwTv tjurift, applied to St. ChiifiOo 
plicr's clilV in the Ifle of Wight (p 15), 

P. 15. How cat) an aiumal body be 
t!:.lh:d to tifsm) P 

Jlic iKnv of the French prifoner (p. 
16) IN a fiinple a;td altc^lini; one. V\^e 
coul I hire vviHKd ihc lly*ein which it it 
to!t< lijd been cquHJly To. 

j>. 25. ••The IcafJold at Whitehall 
wai> motfientd with Kint^ Charles's 
blood." Are the apophthvpm- in ihi it 
cadic painted, wii:tcn, 01 cut in ghif r 

P. 42. 2i ht doubtful vvhcihcr tluic is 
any evidence that tiic Romans buried 
ll.e^r facred fowls w:th tiie tame veotra* 
t>on as the K^yptians ; or, in fhort, wbe* 
titer tiie room where they were found at 
Cfirtdchurch, adjoining to the icfcdlory. 
Were n.it the kitctim, aiid the lari^e per* 
f orated llonc -0.1 the E*(l end a cifiirn. • 

P. 4 3 , n. ^ . W « tt\uMi\V xix\xv \\*v\S* 



744 Review of NiW PubBcatlonU [Ang, 

late Apiof violrei iVie rhtckrm of Mars. fmaner oneft, of differeot /«'«/.'« pUccd in 

The irory of John Hicicel beiag burnt rt^^Mhr correfpnofling nichrs. wlrch arty 
' 19 death Was made a pamplilet l>v John oae JkilUJ in the Romijb cairn^ar might 
Hilli'rd. I.oroon, 1613, Btk. Top. 1. kliniih from the mttrtbutes •r em^'ltmt 
398, Phih Trattf. N® 476, p. 461. fwUirlt) tbrf oil inJtviJuailj A#«r." 

P. 108. Expiredf twice, fur the mote Here Mr. W« wants tu be inK»rmri) rh.c 
vnaffe^ed phrafe dittt, thetc thirtv-two Hiiures are the iffjc of 

P. 112, n. ♦, 1. 4, r, Grafpcciak the looc of Jtlie, fo cotnfnon an o.na- 

P. 140. GrcenOed churcli is ns entire ment in our chuiche*, and re prcUnc ti.e 
as e\er, as ir.av be f(.en from the new generations cf our Lo.-d, as (taa-d ii> liie 
edition of the Britamnim, II. 511 but the gofpcU of Matthew and Luke, in a fine 
trunks of trees were not **avattfid, or N rih wiiulo^ of tho cliancd at Do:- 
interivovtm together, i/t tbi muttmr of chcliei, in Oxfordfhire, they aie painted 
mn hurdle V in rhe ^Ufs, v%ich tl)eir names under 

P. 147. MouUiftg, or cornier, are not them. Had Mr.VV. had Mr. Carttr's 
fynonymous.— «* S:«xon fcnilhge (I ufe fine print of this altar-piece liefut his 
the term, to be more iuteiligiblc)." eves, in his XXVIth number, with Mrw 
WouM not th4 En^Iifli word Jslwgi Miloer% account of ift, he would 1 oC 
have been more intelligibte ? ha%*e >;ifen fo erroneous an accoua: of it. 

P. 149. The Seutb-iur/ierw tWc (com- It is to be hoped he wi!I procute a good 
monly caMed tbehtvir nvatks) (hould ra* and complete drawing nf tiic wh )e, v.iih 
ther be called the South aiLe of the navCi x}[ic tfWi^mnd^tbirtj figures, inlcrTcci \n 
P. 169. The North y/atic^anfept we his gt:ieral Hiftoty of H«inta. A timi ar 
, ftould call the North tianfcpc, or choir. mifcniiccptioQ Mr. W. has formed con- 
Weever complains, net more pertffjbly cerning the erutijorm church* wiih Jotio 
Bor lefs properly. of peWs, than Warner. Diaper'^ rebuii (p. 196), that it w^a 
^P>>53»'^'* The miftaken imagina- meant f>r the priarji far, we b<;1it:vc, 
tion,ali>t the (hafts of pillars, here £nd no antiquary erer yet heard of a priory, 
clicwhere, were fa^itious, is too idle to if by it ih meant the apartments of ilie 
be noticed t yet grave philofophcrs have monks, Sec, being boilt in the form of a 
spp ied it to Stonehcnge. crofs, with a central tower and fpiic. A 

P. 155, o.*. Vide Suecon. in Wt. little act^uaintance vvitli anticnt hahiis 
A«g. wouUl have convinced Mr. W. that the 

Iliiil. Turketull named his grrat li^ll mitrtd biaJ-diefi and do fir garb was not 
from Gutklac (U^^lac), the patron the lu'iit of the ladies of toe /ifitinih 
I'air.t of Crovlandj and fo Ineuiphus ctnturv, but of tV.e prctdu^g century j 
cxpief'^lv writes in the p«^r ciieii, conlcc,.!- ntU, that tl^ monument, re- 

P. 1^8, 1. 10, Ttuzunesj p. 159, 1. movetl to m;^kc w.iv tor a Sundiv-fcheol, 
17, ToxZUQts; p. iCo, D. twice, Tou- and the botus, vvl.ich can h-irdly belaid 
2/Ufts. ^^ ^C/' '" ^^^^ church rif Twyncham (fee 

P. 160. The Latin explanation of the our v'bl. LXl. p. K16), were, moM prf- 
in(cription abounds with errors of tlie bably, ihofc ot Sir John Chidii ck and 
prcfs. Line 5, read tib/curfor; 7, fog- llabeHa Fitzpsin, cr of S;i John Chidioc 
nofccrentur; 9, verfii/i 17. ncmtn; 10, and Joan St. Loc. who did in tiic iciga 
dele the comma af;er Virbii r. ego mt of Edward 111. (»r Richard II.* 
nefcire. A'fo, in the verl'cs p. 167 : 1, 1, What Mr. W. applauds as one of the 
read fanrios j 1. 5, Qirirti. l^^e jiuiicious and ilcear.r «!terat:on*, the 

Pp. 161, 163, 'notes. In quoting glof- removal of the ftouc <cr en, or ju )C, 
fa»ie$ it ihould be in voce, not in 'Vtrb, wh.ich fcparaied the choir from the lK>dy 
F. 1S8, I. 11, for /w^ #/ his cprnpa* of the c'.jutch, and to ^^].ich Mr. Bran- 
uionSf read his two companions. Mr. der's orj^an has Inicn fibititurcd, wc bc- 
Warncr ought to have known the hif- Hcvc few pcrlons of true t.itlc wouUl rp- 
tory of tlic tbree wife men, or Eadern prove. Wc .ilnioft veniuic to proriouncc 
kings; and that it is not Gud the Father »t would not ire-t Mr. WyaVcoocur- 
dec^rattd with luingSj which he never rcnce. Mr. W. declines giving Mr. 
is, but ao angel, who exceeds his arms Brandcr's incorrtft Latin epitap!., wi:h 
immediately over the (bepherJs, who are the h.Kkneycd icntimciit- a;iticxtd to st. 
not looking upioa^r*»/»^ o/tfarj//j, but Fidicinal and vviitd inflruments (p. 
to a groupe of clouds, in which the U. i90« ^^'*^y ^^^ ^s well call ihcm>9r/i^- 

forementioned «tJgcl is placed. ** Ex- /^ and wiinl innroments? 

m/u/jve of rhtfe figures ( moil of which » lu ii.e i)e.i!3rce (p. x^) for R.ihb, 
MucmutiUtcd) th^rc aiQ cwo-aud-iUuty uai, pt\\w\v:j Kidaii. 



'J»J 



' JCMAf < iVnf rmiSt*iItiiii, 



Us 



rcriKiTeelegite potm iDiitied 
-- ,__ _d th^hmyHHidi to whith 
tha iQihuf^ tntoi, Mr.-JtiM, rtfior of 
DiIiAd, coBtritfated i few ftintti. We 

arc tottj to &; thit the good Udm are 
Xiarred by Beiv-fin|;1cd •rardi, an in- 
cretfing felly, which unnot ba too 
ftroBKlf difcouinenibeed I imltrmh^iln 
ntb«iicd i ftnuMt fnr pinfoni { i««r of 
age I fwcep cKh murifraai nifcreatit 
from the reilm) of lir; twmt ■ bro# 
^tnfiehtptitiof bafi; fcimM'i drawa- 
ifiEjcrcam j aibff'tl ftnc. 
The KU- it brought up by i colTiftioB 
^ of 19 recordt, la whtch u Iitdc eife hii 
beca ukcD by the priottr or correftor of 
the f r*f( 11 ID the other Litin ptfTieti 
intcHperfEd throgeh rbe work 1 nor Eat 
tbc •nihor noted the errort id hu enua. 
Appcodit. P. {j,n. TittMia. "Fb- 
tmntf II derired from the |ttou^ purpofn 
it wu intended Co promote and reward,' 
Du Frefac derivn it from t'lSa, the 
frtidlcS piece of otd Freoch money 1 
and thii It fupportcd by iti prelent ap- 
plicition, I piiuscc bein^ the fnialUft 
allowince that cio be imrded. Ami' 
•jaaries Ihould prefer glolTarict to tid- 
dom dcriTitioni. 

The pUtet referred 10 in thii work 
tvtre accidenialty dtltroycd by fire. 

ill. Smiths flfvu in London, If VT. 
CONTAINS two ricwt io Chrin'i 
Holpiiil, by B. Giecn, dri wing-mailer 
rhere ; « pirir^it of Sir Tliomis Gie- 
Iham i moDUdici.ts of Richaril PiOiliOtB*, 
mercer, 1615, io Mereer^'-chipel, and 
•f Sir Nicholat Throckmorton, in St: 
Cathirioe Crccctiutchj the ukiog-dowa 
of The cr*r> in Chcapfide, 1643, n cn- 
flrirrd in ihe Supplement to our tcI. 
XXXIV.) ■ TJew of Mr!. Stalmon'i 
lioute in Flcet-Hrcet, and 1 he heads of 
the iwo TridcfciDls, capie.1 from Hol- 
)*r'> prints (the oii^iniU «F which ate 
uled i.i BMietbtiii Ttti^raflata B'ilam- 
nua, No XXXIX.) ; with > virw of tk« 
monument in LatnlKth churchyard (en- 
giircd alfo in the fame woik). 

ilj. FoemiifL"iy Ma'-nen. 
THE lout.ll ci.ick, on ri);l,[ i.f thit 
luld feci hii acrimony |;Tidu- 



*llve 



■nd »e< 



a tittle 



pleifed mlien we found, on ptru6ne it_ 
eonicnia, thai our copplicenifrppi'iil'.ciet 
were jul^ified by our leicrer jud);eiiier.t. 
Lndy ManDcri, ne iro gi*cn to undcr- 
fland, il a n^ijre of Iictiod: audit il 
M fmill cretlit t.> ler hufbiml, who if 
0SHT. MA<i. j/MJtjt, ,-gj, 

9 



the fan of Mr. and Luy l«uifa Maa* 
nert, iliat; dificgardic^ all conGdcraiioa 
of fonune and of birth, he wii capti-i 
rated by her Die'utal worth and aceum- 

ElilbnmR. Wc fcan' to fcch for iri- 
ing inaccnnciei in a Coiledjon of 
poemt which communicaie tb« ' moft 
amiable fintimenti in meWioui Tcrfe. 
Wc may fafcif recofflmeoil it to readeii 
o( ei^ry defcrfption.i fbt whole enttr* 
ttinnfCn^, ii well a^ fbr our owa ciedi^ 
wc iofcrt the following fpcEioien ■ 
"To Viar*!. ■ 
•■UooBiini'BeautjribrilliMitWi^ 
Sftalt witblib't tboti monMntttii i 
BrifbterVbtiMiiniftcnduri 
ZTCttaffliniNid I«cas|l 
Tbai Aall |iU va iDlmn boon, 
Strew oor Itnmr p«h witb SDivam' 
DiyABidion'irMRgtaar, , 

Eain t)M niad of everj fear. 
Even to oor lateft breath, 
]n tbc cold embrace of Death, 
Wt>n e^ch hopa of life Ihall hS, 
When tlie quirering lip E^ws iwl«. 
When the bnguid ptilfc beau luw, 
When the cheek fnrstLi 10 glow. 
When the heavf eye ii clm'd. 
And oncs-hofi' frarm cotnpot'df 
Even ihm OuU Virtue'* Toica 
Sid the Chriftim's foul re}nice 1 
Bid her look heyocMl the gloam 
Of the dread-in epiring tomb. 
Wrapt in (h.ide^ of endltfc nighi; 
To the realm of lafling light, 
W here a Savionr*! bounulBfi !■*• 
Death for ever fiuU remove." 
The work, altwether, affurdi a moll 
fplendid proof of the faiirick af cur pa- 
per, (be cscellEoce of our cypci, anU iha 
ikill of our primers ; ard doei ih« 
higheft credit to Mr. Bell of the Strand, 
undtr whofe infpeClion it Wat exccuced. 

-1%!^ rht TU.J^ra tf Mtm„y. ThtTiJli 
KJilhn. mib uhf Ptnu. 
" THE Pieafom of Mtmoyy- ha> fo* 
feme time been a poim defervedlv pcpu- 
l>r. ]t it here repiinced, for the tilth 
lime, ID a very elegant md much moifc 
eommodiotit form, with feme original 
piecei, which cannot it all dcttaii ttODt 
ike TCpUtiiionof the WrilCT. 

The poeini added to this editinn m, 
an "Ode to Superftiiion," "The Sailor, 
anElegv," "VM&i on a Te.r," "A 
Sketcltof the Alpi >i Duv-hreik," "A 
Wift," and "An I'lliin Suni;."' The 
third cf fhefe we are glad to ioiioduci 

"Ohl that Ihe chemift'tmif,\cut. 
Could cryflaliut'ft'tfKtt.ivtnlait.X 
Long AmuM it tiMet ntu ov] \\«u\ , 
A fetrei (ourcs til fca&-(« v^!mS.*tc. 



746 



RtviiW $/ N^w ^ubUcations. 



[Aug. 



The little brilliant, ert. it fell, ' 
Its luftre caught from Chloe's eye; 
Then, trembJing, left its coral cell— 
The fpring of Scnfibility I 

Sweet dro^ of pure and pearly li£;ht! 
In tliee the rays of Virtue ibine ; 
More calmly clear, more mildly bright, 
Than any gem that gilds the mine. 

Benign reftorerof the foul» 
Wlio ever fly 'ft to bring reliefy 
When Aril (he feels the rude contronl 
Of Love or Pity, Joy or Grief. 

The fage's and the poet's theme, 
III every cUme, in every age, 
Thou charm'ft in Fancy's idle dream, 
In Ileafon*s philofophic )>age. 

Tkat very hw# wliith moulds a tear. 
And bids it trickle from its fource, 
Ifi^ law prefer ves Uie earth a fpliere, 
And guides the planets in their courie." 

Much as we are pleafed with the tade 
and fpiiit of this writer, we cannot help 
admooiflitng him not to introduce the 
fcntiment and language of oiherb in his 
compofiiioos without due acknowledge 
meots. In the poem we have iofer^d, 

" In tliee the rays of Virtue ihine," 
is a line which too ftrongly reminds us 
of Pope's lines on Wolfey : 



ble in illuftrating and pointiog oat the 
beauties of this Eoglifh clamck, and 
milking as perft£l as podible the body of 
anecdote and criticifm comprifed in his 
notes. Some are here omitted, it being 
his intention to employ them in an edi- 
tion of Milton's larficr poems, whrth he 
was preparing for the prefs, and which 
we hope and truft will not be totally ioft 
to the publtck. Many new notes of his 
own are added^ and not a few marked 
with the initials of Warburton and 
Hurd, and many corre6lions are made. 
Mr. W, having an intention of extend- 
ing his illudrations to *< Paradife Re- 
g;ained" and " Samfon AgoniOes/' has 
altered the paragraph, p. 19 of the fird 
edition, beginning ^ My volume," &c. 
and omitted the conclufion. Milton's 
will, which efcapcd the refearches of 
Mr. Jenner, has been communicated 
from the Commons by Sir Wm. Scot. 
It is a great literary curiofity, and will 
be much prized by biographers, as fcr- 
viDg to elucidate many circumflances of 
Milton^s life, manner, and ha)>its, and 
corre£t fome errors into wiiich his bio- 
graphers have fallen. To the profclFor's 
notes is fubjoincd an appendix of critical 
obfervations on Milton's Greek verfes, 



« Through him the rajs of regal bounty by Charles Burnev, LL.D. who has dil- 



fiinel 

The following alfo, 

'< The fage*s and the poet's theme. 
In every clime, in every age," 

too clofcly refcmble what occurs in the 
Uotferfal Prayer: 

" In every age, 

In every clittir^ ador'd, 

By faint, by lavage, and hjags*^^ 

See alfo the verfcson "A Wifht" 

'< Thefwalivw oft heneath my thatch 
Shall twitter fnm her clay-huilt fieji\* 

cvidcnily fr »m CJ ray's Elegy : 

" The fwallow twittering from her clay- 
built (bed." 



played great erudition therein. 

186. jIn Effajf on the j^oirtion mt •tJy of the 
Afrknn S/ave-tnuie, but •/ Slavery in the 
Britilh Weft Indies. 

THIS abolition is here propofed to be 
brought about by encouraging the breed 
of Negroes in our cofonies, by giving 
them a pioper educaiion, by divid.ng 
the immenfe diocefe of London, extend- 
ed over all the Weft Indies, into proper 
proponions, and qualifying Negroes, by 
education, for ordination, or an equal 
chance with Whites for a proficiency in 
the fciences and liberal profcilions, by 
encouraging the cukivation of the lands 
by free 



points out to thofe 



Ncjjioes, and by giving them 
J85. Vo€ini uf',n fe\:fr^l Occaftom, Englifti, lands to cultivate, and houfcs to live in, 
Italian, and Latin, tuitb Trftijhtionit hy as is frequently done by poor cottagers 
John Milion. Jly Thomas W arum, ff.D, 00 tlie walle land of England. 
l^te n/;.rv y Tnnity Colh^sc, OxfoiV, <. jhe fugar-cane itfelf points 1 

rrcfq/(,i cj t'ostryf and Cnmden rffel/or 9/ 
}fiji(tn'f tit Oxford. The Second EMtkn^ 
> %v:tb TKjny j^ltemtio.'it and large ridditicns, 

NO ^' to itptat ihefcvera: poems cnu* 
meraiiJ in our review of tlitf tiill edition 

(vol. LV. p. 2yO, ^Z.) Wt ill 111 ol)ftivc, 
on t"t picftnt, li.at it i^ CiT-fhicrauly al- 
tered and enlarged; iht iaie leamc^i pro- 
/cf/cr J/>ri::jfr ib MD himltif tnitffarifci' 



^- J It i" A? »; • uf gvd v; : A-ricii. 






who have the power, and will zealoufty 
bend their minds, to have it cultivated by 
freemen, who may be «ts cvdtivators. Has 
not the fug-r-canc itfelf travelled from the 
Eift Indies to the Well Indies ? What then 
more natural than that its firft cultivators 
llioii'd tiavcl aflu- it? If the Eall Indies 
wd'jid but fend us back as many thoulan.ls 
of pcafanl? atid indufliiouN Hindoos as we 
have feat Luropeans thither, within ihcfe 49 
^cai-?, >N<; i\xv>^\ v^<i^^\^ V^v^ fiwd Uw 



■ 

J 793-] f^'*^^ rfNiW PMHIcatkns.-^FhrHtn Litiraiy IniiKgtnce. 74^ 



infiiSryin the Weft Indies worth neaiiy as 
modi.ce us as all oar pefleflions in the Eaft ; 
andy woeld tWir caunirymaA Sattranaden (a 
tnukbdon of whofe ftnooo from the MaU- 
te* language has lately been ppUiftied in 
London) content to be their fntritiial con- 
^nApTf. yv might ta^^fiCt to fee. the logar^ 
cane cultivated in the Weft Indies by the 
black Ghriftiaiub s^oft whom neither in- 
dodlity nor torbolence coold be objeaed** 

tet4^4S?- .... 

The wnter admits that the operatioo 

of his fyftem would not, for fome time. 

be atten<)cd with' any coofpicuous etfe^a 

(p. 48). We per{e6^1y agree with liim, 

and leave his theory to the happteft iflucr. 

1S7. Afi^H Addnfs H the Cmmen Senfe rf 

she P«t/lr ^ England ; cwtaimtig \m /«- 

ter^Mi AJtrmB if Paine's Dfi mnd ITrh 

tim^. By J. Gitfordy Efy. Auibor tf tbt 

Wfmtt^ YTWat^ Engtandy We» ^c 

MK. G. has fugi^eftcd fome new ar- 

l^umenti again (I thofe pretended to be 

produced bv this infamous incendiarvy 

whofe do^rmes haver brought forth the 

moft pernicious fruit, and rendered him 

the contempt even of the party and n:i- 

tioD whofe iotcrefts he To warmly efpoufed. 

Foatiov Literary Intelliosnce. 

The curious in the TYPOGRAPHIC 
arc will not be difpleafed at being in- 
formed of an hiCorical elfay on the ty* 
pography of Parma, in Italian, from 
Zarotto, a Parmefan, who introduced it 
at Milan, 1470, and was one of the 6rfl 
who priigttd Greek letters and mitfals 
to the clofe of the 15th century* by Fu. 
Freneo Affo, Parma, 1792. The Bo- 
doni prtfs may difpute the prize with 
any in Europe ; and, bcfides a beautiful 
edition of Calliniachu«, in the original 
Greek, with an Italian verfjor, and fe- 
veral of the Italian poers, that beautiful 
little romancr t The CaJI/f of Q/rant$, has 
been honoured with a fpleodid edition in 
quarto, 1791. 

A. M, Kandini han printed, in two 
parts, a Latin Hiflorv of tlte Junta prtfs 
at Florence, Lucc9, 1791, 8vo. ; and wc 
have »n Italian catalogue of the Aldtnt 
editions, in chronological and alphabeti- 
cal order, Padua, 1790, iiino. 

M^numtns Egyf-ttem^ in 200 platen, 
comprehcr.diDg about 700 1ubjc*6h, with 
hiflorical explanations, Rome^ 179 1> i 
volumes fulio, dcdicattd to Cardinal 
de Zclada, great penitentiary and fe- 
crc»aiy of I'trttt, The editors piofcfs to 
have brought together, in one view, 
many ai tides already engrave J, and 
many pow for the 6i/l timt ; Mad have 
emUaUcd antienc and modern authors, 
M order to give cnry illixdnv.on in 



their powtrl They jtope, therefore, for 
a reception as favourable as that with 
which a former produdiop of a lidiiilar 
kind has been hoooured. ^ 

Mr. Birch hts pbbliAicd at Copen- 
ha^n, i78f,'ib one vol. 410, a new . 
edition .of the four Gofpels, id Greek, 
with the various readings of 40 MSS in 
the libraries of the Vatican, 10 io the 
Barberini^ 17 In others at Rome, 38 r.c 
Florence, and in other pans of Italy, 
12 at Vienna, and % at Copenhakren ; of 
the 5 Syriac verfions at Rome, by M. 
Adier. The Vatican M^ 1109, is pro- 
nounced to be of fopctior authority of 
any now^exrant. . M. Birch, in his text, 
which is very handfoiittly printed; fol- 
lowed that of the third edition of Ste- 
phens, the principal various reading* 
forming this notes s and tac-fimile rn- » 
gravings are added of the twa Syriac and 
of the two Vatican Greek MSS. The 
editor travelled, in 1781, a, and 3, to 
examine the MSS. of the New Tcl\«\- 
ment ti Italy and Germany; and, on hia 
return, was requeued by the King of 
Denmark to undertake this edition, 
which is an important addi ion to the 
(lock of biblical literature, and for wlitch 
the Chridian world i& much indebted to 
his induRry and critical ability. 

INDEX INDICATORIUS. 

It is really not pradlicM^le to ..nnounce 
the receipt of ih« m.iny letters wo recrivo. 
Tiie gieateft care is taken to j)«y aW • olah'e 
ntccntioo to thofe which apptar mi>ic im- 
roeiiir\tely intcreftmg or temporary \ and 
many that are poftpunedare ad rally iineiulr'it 
for iafertioii whenever an /)ppoiiun.ty or- 
c\n^. There is no leal'on, in any c:ilc:, tii 
didrufl the regularity of the Ptiil-ofhce. 

A CowrrAKT R»-Ai>F.'K, who is now 
perufing Mr. Pennant's Ijont^f and is mu^h 
delighted with it, cxprcllls his atlcMi fbmciit 
at the great pejuliaiiiy ohl.rv.iMe in hh 
orthography, in almuit every page; aiid 
adds, «« It would he no fma'l f.itl'if;<^lion 10 
roc to know w liat Mr. T*, or any of Ir.s very 
numerous admirns, can otl'cir in ex^ »fe for 
what appiars to he a whimfical .'tteita'icii 
of fingularity j at Ic »ft it appe ^xt f(» to me, 
wlu) am a pla'n n!Jin, and At^ a«In)ner of 
e{^ahli(l)ed form*; in orthegrap'n' as ucil ..^ in 
fo/ittcitf unlefs jiul caGfc can be ll^ewn for 
reform.** 

The refpci^able Swiety, after whicU 
G. J. W. enquires ft ill hold their moerin.si 
ami an amlivi ticaied letter, addiclfcd tt) ai-y 
individual of it.eir, would be attemicil to 

We are much obliged to Mr. S. of 0\- 
TON-houlc; wl\o(e \t\Xw WvaW tc\\.\\v^.^ 
have pl;\cc ;\^ {\mj\\ ^% \\\e t^vTONXtv^ v;\\\Ojv 
accompao cd \t c;u\V)c cit^rtvicOi, 

The Ptntravt o\ G\vv\»*, \X\^ N\^v^ «^^ 



9,4$ SiU^ Poetry^ Jutiint tmd Mndm^ fir Auguft, 1793. 



I 



THE CONGEST DAY, 

I. 

OKQEST of all the annoal traia, 
^ Mark din his fileiit round by Time ; 
U'ith tltee fweec Summer comes again, 
To deck with fliw'n our Northern clime* 
Say, why of thee, negte^ied ftill. 
Sleeps the fweet Mufe on Findus^ hill ? 

Why mute the poet's lay? 
Yet other themes ihey wanton fing. 
But, oh ) neglect l6 tone a ftriug 

To hail the Longeft Day. • 

H. 

BIythe trips the mtlk-maid ci«ofs the dali^ 

And as (he carelefs wends aloa;;, 
^\x\\ ruddy cheeks, and floWingpaily 
Gives the fweet tiTibute of a fong : 
Th:!t artlefs foug of joy a;id love. 
Young Zephyr bears to Echo's grove. 

Who givcF, without delay^ 
The plrafmg ilraiti its airy round^ 
'White many a cliff ret urr.s the found. 
That hails the Lcmgeft Day. 

III. 
That power whiph gave yon orb on high. 
Us genial fires iheir uood'ious force, 
founds the fcrand mandate through the Iky, 
Hf re now he (by 'd Uqr glowing courfe i 
On the pale Norih thy beams beClow, 
And hid the fhivVing native glow, 

His frt>zeo blood to play ; 
Let him, beneath his Arftic (kies, 
See verdme wake, and fl')w'rs arife^ 
And liail the Longed Day. 

ly. 

Time was — but, oh ! fond Memory, ceafe, 

" Nor wake Reflection's bitter tear j" 
^or bring ^gain thofe hours of peace, 
W hich fmird for me throughout tht yesr. 
VVhen, ftretch'd bencaih my woodbine 

bow'r, 
Joy ft)I!ow*d joy, each paffing hour. 
And all was fwcetly gay ; 
F.re Sorrow's with'ring hand had fpread. 
Time's filver bv'ry o'er my head, 
To cloud ttie Loiis«it l^^jy. 

V. 

pwr pju triers in each pleafing fcene, 

That p*wM nxvay with v:ewlcfbi"pecd; 
Oft, ^'V yon brook, at eve fcren?. 

We've iwcctly fate, or rang'd the me»d. 
And, 'nca-h «jur fav'riie gicenv/mid tree, 
\V;ih mirtli's light foot, r.nd cheerful glee, 

Wc*vc d in j'd in ti nn array j 
Or, t'portivc on the vili:r;e £j'etn, 
WiiJ» httltt jnfticsoft uere icun 
1 o hail me Lon2-^ Day. 

Yet, thrush life's rui^gcd path I trc.-ul, 
ll'jrh thriA'^ir.^ lie^it ;.nd flrc^iining eyes j 
7'Jjou^/j tlirk lUiceiUituy o'evipici\KU 
My rmy'il pi^fpsiis as Iticy lii'p , 



Yet, pointing through the dark profomi^i 
Hope, fweetly fmiling,' fpreads around 

Her animating ray ; 
Where Pleafures bloom, for ever new. 
And ne'er a cloud of murky hue 

Obfcores the Loo^ft D^j, 

Sat§dtuich, mttbeNarep H. G.W. 

June 15, 1793. 



A Ptticml EpiftU f Dr. JoHV Crane, ff 
Wells, Somer/et. 

TO thee^ my friend, his choiceft gifts 
Phoebos was happy to impart ; 
He gave you, what but few polTefs, 
His lyre, and gave his healing arc* 

But, thougli the lyre and healing art 
Are much admired by beaux aad belief 

Yet, I mud own, I'd rather wifli 
To % you, Dof^or, Dean oi Wells. 

Turn, then, your thought to Mother Church ; 

Renounce both Poetry and Phyfick : 
Be Mr. Dean— nor longer fcrawl 

Prescriptions for the gout and phthifick* 

Better than tra£h on med*cin^, write 
Comments on Peter and on Paul ; 

Ratlier tlian rouze at midnight hour, 
Indulge in a Cathedral (bdi. 

Difcard your //>, and fport a hob ; 

Th' exchange will be 00 mighty lofs: 
Or, if a feather-top delight, 

Copy the wig ofBilhop M— fs. 

And, if you wifli to deck your head 
With rofe canonical and beaver. 

Of thofe, who grace the Biihop's beneh. 
Take for your hiodel BUhop Clea— r. 

'Tis through the Church that mortals find 
The road that leads to eafe and plenty: 

Yet who of all her foiis fucceeds^— 
Alas, my friend,.— not one m twenty. 

But, Ihould youwifh to get prometion. 
And ev'ry adverfe f^roke to parry, 

Firft learn to court, to cringe, and fawn. 
To flatter, and to fetch and carry. 

It is not genius, 'tis not merit. 

That mounts the ladder's topmoft round ; 
The happ"'cf\ are not thofe who foar, 

But thofe who creep along the ground.— 

Had I been dull,— for, dullnefs oft 

Can focih capricious Fortune's bieaft,— 

Like other-, who have mitres gain'd, 
1 too had been fu|'remely bleft. 

Of worth though fomewhat I can boaft. 
And viriuf:s not a few cm number. 

Ye: Inch is the mif-judging world. 
They're aU, I'm toK',. but fo much lumber. 

On fecond thoughts, then, flick to Phyfic, 
No;- follow my ohfcure example : 

For of pieftrmeut (Heav'n be prais'd !) 
Mine is indoed the poorcil lample. 



Sika Paifyy JbitiiMt Md Mtdtrm^ fir Avigattf 1793. 749 

y^rfh writtm m tit Bmh tf tht Ritsr Ibt^ Shoold agty through Foctiiiit'r*gid<fy mxtm 
in CmnberbiidU ProcrkAed, crown this Tital fpan t 

rpHOUGH, senbl Irt, do learned bard * ^ w.^!!J;*?^S3** "^ ^J^ 



X Has fought tbj beaoties for bU theme ; 
^ Tboo ibalt not hids without resard^' 
Inglotiousy like a vulgar dream. 

Whate'er of foog thy praifes alky 
Be mine the grateful debt to pay | 

Aod'give me ftill the pleaiing uOc, 
Unoocie'd merit to difplay. 

From Cumbria's bills, of Alpine height, 
A thoufand iilver fountains flow, 

Whoie little channels foon umt^^ 
To £om a f packms Jake h^ow* 

Thence iflbe forth thy waten chafte 
O'er fpangleil rocks and gulden fandf, 

Andy pouring down the mountain waftoi 
Delight fair Drigg's aufpicioui lands. 

And now their tnrbolenee fobfidei ; 

Enanoour'd of the fertile plain, 
Xa dimpled fmiles their current glides, 

Nor haftea to greet the lurdly noain. 

The banks refleAed from above 

Shine beauteous in thy mirror bright ;— 

Would confcience pure, O ! thus approve 
Each deed unfuIly'U as the light 1 

Here Trout and Salmon dill refort, 
in regions far or near the bed ; 

Which well may claim the anglei's fport. 
Or fons of Epicurus feaft. 

Thou too cand mnke peculiar boad, 
That gems within thy bofom lie ; 

For, pearls are foiind of pmciom cod^ 
Which with the diamond's ludrc vie, 

BoC mark what fod enchanting views 
Steal on the eye from every part : 

How much they charm the rutiic Mufe 
Above the gilded toys of art ! 

Some facred Genius furely dwells 

Within this fpot to fancy dear : 
Tlie \2k(\ lone hiid ofev'ning tells. 

That infpiratioii redeth hrre. 

Ye doo<^5y that wadi ivy native land, 
Ye verdant walks and lisalthful ikies, 

Tis yours with judice to command 
AffeClions form'd by Nature's ties. 

'Twas here my childhood's playful year$ 
Fled, harmlefs, unpet cciv*d away ; 

A dranger yet to bi:fy care*, 

The growth of rcafon's mental ray. 

Then hooks and convcrfs with a friend 
IndruAion taught my youth to prize ^ 

Whild all my d odious hours I'd blend 
With feats of hardy excrcife. 

If happipefs on earth be found. 

That fimplc happinefs I love ; 
'Tly^wi^^* ""y fi^vourUe haunts ahout^f 

iad Cumbfj'M (w9ias tlu bklRug pfOff^ 



Whert firft the morn of liiii bapo. 

■ W.SL 

Tat ArtiCAv's coMPtjitMT oii-boaiis 
A Slatk Bflir. 

TREMBLING, nakod,^ 
On dit winged hoofe L ftaod, 
Dat with poor bUckrman it flying 
Far away from their own laa4 1 

Fearful water all around me I 
Strange de fight mi every hand, 

'Hurry, noife, and fhouts, oonfouod OM ' 
When 1 look for Negro land. 

Every thing I fee aflHght me, 

Nothing 1 can ooderftand. 
With de icourges white man fight me^ 

None of dit in Negro land. 

Here de white man beat de black vauit 
'Till he't fick and canpot dand. 

Sure de black be eat by white man ! 
Will not go to white man land I 

Here in chains poor black man lying 

Put fo tick dey on m dand. 
Ah ! u ith heat and fnaells we're dying I 

'Twas not dus in Nogro land. 

Dere we*ve room and air, and freedom, 

Dere our little dwellings d.uid s 
Families, and rice to feed 'em ! 

Oh I weep for Negro land ! 

Joyful dere before de doors 

Play our children hand in hand ; 

Fredi de fields, and f iveet de flowV5, 
Green de hills, in Ne^ro land. 

Dere I often go when flccping, 
See my kindred round me dand ; 

Hear *«m tekc— <l-n wak in weeping, 
Dat I've lotl my Negro I ind. 

Dere my black love arras u ere r<«ind me, 
De wliole night ! not like di& hand, 

Clofe deyiie!tly but diit not wuund me g 
Oti I I die for Negro liud ! 

De bad tradei-s dole and fold me. 

Den was put in iron band 

Wiicn I'm dead dey cannot hold me 

Soon ril be in bl ick nun bnd. 



1NFFJ-IX atro L^u/ur us cnrccre claufu^ 
M(b11j humt.ctar.ii deii!ius or.i ihu 
£xigu<)S tandem radios pttcfocit ara'.iine, 

Qud filum pendens indruit arte fvium. 
Vidii— nutnt— araat: foc.o quoqus };:tuda( 
aracbne, 
Lauztiniqutt horx prxtcricrc breves. 
Bl3nditi;iS audit cultus, niortitiue rcpjnte 

Dcvove: a'tifi-om — chara comcfq-ie iKrill 
Sx^itias iufeini vlx poenav rcddere polfunt . 
T^bi vix clem0tt!> i>ai<cc« to<\vi« I>iv)&% 



750 8ih^ Fc^rj^ Antient and Modtrny f^r Auguft, 1 793. 



EPITAPH IKTIMDSD TO Bl PLACED AT 

HINCKLEY. (S4evcLLXlI.p,i.o^q.) 

TO tliis humble turf are cooficicd the remaini 

of Mr. John Robinson, 

a Native and Inhabitant of Hinckley. 

With ilrong inuUeAual pewei^, 

he cooqueieJ the defers uf a confined edu-* 

cation. 

The volume of Nature was to htm unfolded : 

Ht was familiarly converfant 

with Philofopliy» Botany, and Medicine : . 

Poetry and Painting he admired ; 



Asamandifappointed, hisltead tlienhe fliook. 
And f wore a great oath that's too big for my 

book; 
Althougli 1 acknowledge, miftrud me not 

then, 
He fwore with the grace of profrjknmi mtn* 
•' And what is the time of the morning?" fays 
he; / [may ice.*' 

" It'sdrawing towards nine, by the fun you 
" A man of my honor'd ftoffjkn, 1 vow, 
'< Should have lighted in Scarborough long 
before now." 



in Mechanics and Aftronomy he was an adept. He' fprant; up his Nag, and in hade rode away 



What js much mere to his honour, 

lie was an honefl man, and a pious Cliriftian< 

HediedKov.io, 1792* aged 72 yeai-s. 

Header, avail thyfelf of this good exam pic. 

The talents which Providence lias given thee 

baften to exert, ftudy to improve; 

and a felf-approving confcience 

will be thy lading reward.' 

Inscription OH a Hbrmitaoe 

IK the centre vf m. Ctpftf intirfrOtd hy irregular 

IVatktf at MtCLSiPXiLD Orb^m, Hrkts,. 

the RefideKce of hoi^ Edward Brntimck. 

By the Author of Calvary. 

HERE fleep. Ambition ! be this cell Uiy 
tomb ;— 
Vanilh, and give the ^mftv palTions room. 
A vaunt, vain world ! tl& folitaiy grove 
Nor feaii thy malice, nor invites thy love. 
AAd, though like thine its dark and winding 

maze 
•Tangles our path, and for a while betrays, 
Lot patience guide, and, one Ihort trial pail, 
Content fhall greet us in this fpot at liUl. 

The Professioval Mak. 

AS Johnny, and Miis Dolly Bate, in fine 
weather, 
Were riding to Scarborough market together, 
They talk'd of the bliff, which in wedlock 

rims high. [<^y-" 

•* When man led ! our life is f«rene as the 
Many words there wercfpent, and much time 

there was wailed, , [ne'r-r tailed. 
Which tended to prove, that thofc joys \h^y 
Dvir eyes arc t!efeAi\e, but, ufc thein wc'ic 

willing; 
No fcnfc cnii diftinguilh fo well as our ferling. 
At dift^nce, we faw a black man nuive at 

wili; [Hands rt ill. 

But, when we drew ne-^r, it's a biilh which 

While fhc.hid the pilhon, and he hid the 

f addle, [wadillc ; 

To the tunc of old Cilhrt, they went widdle 
Whcji quickly a Gentltm.m up with tlivms^^t* 
As he ♦iifily ini^ht. for he rrKleon^ull trot i 
petalkMof thcwcatWcr, lietciik'dj>f the wny, 
As a man often will, who has nothing to fay. 
Mils Dolly look'd prdiy, howcVr look'tl the 

fwain ; [?Rnin, 

He eyed her, and fmil'J, ;intl then eyed l.cc 
^ Ptjy bow many nnlcs. Ma'am, to Scarbo- 

lough town ?" [down, 

Tlieytoid Lim, neur Seven tlicy baU lo UoX 



With wUhing the lafs, and the youth, a goo4 

day. 
Our coiipie, moft foberly, held on their troc 
Till they, with their pleafures, to Scarborough 

got; 
When, to their forprizc, — ^for, furprize di4 

not fail,— 
They faw the frofejffknal man In the jail ; 
When, enquiring the reafbn, from Turnkeyt 

and Lockets, 
The fr^effim Ite'd fuUow'd :*-'Twas picking 

of Pockets. 

Birmingham^ Aug, E, 1793. ^* Hutton* 



Lines, /« a ymng T^df^ en her frefentlnfr the 
Author ^vith a Mr/rwing of " Rou(Teau*e 
Tomb in the JJle of Voplan,* at Erme- 
nonville, neftr Paris, ju/l before her departure 

THANKS to Eliza's art, that trac'd 
This fairy fpot in colors clear 1 
Pure as her own enlighten'4i tafte, 
And foft as melting Pity's tear. 

Romantic ifle ! thy poplars wave 

1 lieir gloom, to ple^fe a parted (hade ! 

Yet fee — they tremble o'er the grave 
Where a cold Deift's bones arc laid. 

What though they whifpcr to the breeze 
Plaints that might foothe the ear of Love ; 

As H(dcyon Hills the ruffled feas, 

Or warbling woodlark charms the grove ; 

They murmur but to waken pain, 
\V here Virtue holds no quiet fleep : 

They touch the gentle foul in vain, ' 

Where blulhiiig virgins daie not weep. 

Ycr, fhall I love the Elyfian ifle, 

That oft may rife in kind relief. 
To bid me catch Eliza's fmile, 

And calm, by fancy's aid, my gVief. 

Aiul whep, fir off, the hark fhall bear 
Her form from tins foHukcu flioi e j 

When my poor vvivlow'd hciut Ihall Ihaye 
Lliz.i's fympalhy no more ; 

Hnply tl;e p<*nt:iril fccne may move, 

To rneo.ory dc.ii, a thout';uid fijilis ! 
Dm, ah '■ th.u TOMB can only piovc— • 



StUn PMry^ JntiiHt mni AUiern^ fir Auguft, 1 79 }• 7$t 

Whofe !ipi ne'er troke a tradii nor hands « 
truft, ti»^l 

Were fofntUines waitnly kind| and uwaya 
W ith powers to reach AnfitritSon'shigheikbhtb^ 
He funk a mortal, grbv*ling to the earth; 
Loft in ilie luft of laddiftg pelf to pelf. 
Poor to the poor ; ftiU poorer to himCtlf. 
A foe CO none, to many oft a friend ; 
Callout to give, through readtneis t^ lend* 
In each amnfenient temperance was tafte^ 
A virtuous habii from the dread of wafte % 
To pleafure^s joys he virtue's Joys deny*d, 
Want all his feary and riches all his pride 1 
Yetev'nttiatfear, which bentto allbutftealth» 
Ne'er in his country's plunder dug /6r wealth t 
Caird by her voice,— 4sut cadl*d without cx- 

peiice,*-* 
His nohler nature rous'd in her defence ; 
And in the fen^te, labonring in her caufe^ 
The firmeft guardian of the faircft laws 
He ilo(Ni i— and, eadi inftin^iye uintabori^ 
To every bribt prefBrr*d a people's love. 
But flfll, with no ftem patriolifm fir'd, 
Wrapt op in wealth, to wealth again recir'd f 
By penury guarded from pride's fickly tniiv 
Living a length of 4;iys without a pain, 
And,.addingtothe million never txy'd, fdy'd. 
Lov'd, pity'd, fconiMj and honour'd^-Elwea 
la this contrai5led chara^er we fee. 
Wealth lov'd for wfcalth is ftudy'd miieiy. 
Who with fuch parching avarice is curd 
Feels of all pangs of penury the worA ; 
For, while the fprings of plenty rouad him rifc^ 
Dre;tdin{; Co calte, be thirlb;,— and c!\irlling 
dies ! [fcene^ 

Lenrn from this proof that, in life's cem}>ii>*g, 
Man is a compound of the great and mean } 
Difcord.int qualities togethei* ty 'd, 
Vinues in him, and vices, are ally\l ; 
The fpuit of follies, or of crimes the lieir,. 
Wc ft!l the mixture of an Elwes (hare j 
PonJYing hib foulcs tkenj — ne'er his woitk 

difown, 
lilt, in bis nature, recollefl thine §xvn ; 
With humble awe thy mingled map furve}', 
A foul of fpiric in a frame of clay : 
And think, for life and pardon, where totruft. 
Was God not o:iercy, wbeu his crcature*i duA., 

Essex UiNCKroft». 



MARVS TRIUMPH. 

A S Venus, in regions above, 
jfX. ^*s bathing, one hot Summer's dayi 
Uer ceftns the lly God of Love 

loAdtingly carried away. 

Th* dtme made a terrible rout. 
And order'd her doves toltc join'd, 

Siearch'd heaven and earth to find out 

The prize which th' ingrate hadpurioin'd* 

But, as fruitlels prov'd ev'ry refodrce. 

As all her expedients fail'd. 
To Jove (be dire^ed her courfe. 

And thus her misfortone bewail'd: 

^ l*m nun'd, my ftther, undone,?— 
«« Of aU I held dear I'm bereft,— 

^ Young Cupid has ftolen my zoncy . 
'< Aud vtfithit Olympus has left. 

<* Both Paphoe and Cyprus my pain 

** Have echo*d, have echo'd my groan ; . 
^ Bur, naked and mock*d at, in vain 
, ** My lols do 1, haplefs, bemoan. 

^ The ttrclnn*s divinity, pray, 

'* To fome one more wonhy tranflate ; 

<* This moment he bows, 1 dare fay, 
<* To her whmn 'bove othen I hate. 

*' To Lettfom, who long has pofTels'd 
" Thefmiles of the Graces, and mien 

A Of Juno, yet dares to conteft 

" 1 he palm with t\^e Cyprian queen." 

Old Jupiter heard with a fmile 
The plaints of the imcover'd fair, 

Grim forrow be bade her beguile. 
And drown in a goblet dtfpair. 

** Here, Hermes," cried he, " come and fhew 
** Your zeal for the goddefs of be.iuty, 

•* From Mary, her rival, fetch Cu, 
** And fend the rogue home to his duty. 

•* There, doubtlcfs, the truant you'll meet, 
** And then will be per»e«5t yourhlifs ;— 

* Then Venus, (ye Gods, what a. treat !) 
** 1 hen Venus will grant you a kiCs." 

At this, fubtlc Mercury flew 

Quick as thought from the royal ab^xle. 

Fond hope fir'd his breaft — for lie knew 
That Camber fecreted the God, 

For beauteous Mary he afk'J, 

The maid with the ceftns was bound : 
In her eyes the loft Cupid now b.ifk'd. 

Now wanton'd the en clc around. 
At the word of his pnrent, in hafte 

Tiie hooJowink'd boy back again hibs ; 
But left the zone round Mary's waift. 

And hoarded his ftiafts in her eyeu 

^« Epitaph on thsUte John Elwfs, Efq, 
©/"Stoke, Suffolk. 

HEre toman'shonour,ortoman'sdifgrace. 
Lies a ftrong pidtni e of the hummi race; 
lnElv(Ms's,form^whoferpirityheart,:indmind, 
Virtue and vice in firmeft tint": comhin'd. 
Rough was tlie rock, but blended deep with ore, 
And bnfe the mafs, that many a diamond boref 
]BklcAnnefs to grandeur, folly join'd to fenCc, 
Ami MVJU-/C0 coupled with btacvolcace. 



ITALIAN ENIGMA. 

HAVVl una cofa la qual nun e viva^ 
E par chc viva, fe gti vai Uinttnci ; 
E fe tu fcrivi parera che fcrivs, 
E fe tu canti pareia che canti ; 
£ fe ti aff.Kci feco in profpettiva, 
Te dira ti tuoi difetii quanti : 
Ma fc idegnofo (^roraen t« volci 
S[xj'ifca kBch' ella, fe ti torna t« volti, 

IMlTATlOSr. 

I faw a curiouf thing to-day— 
O then defiTtbe it to me, pray. 
'Twa:: like myfelf, io l.keindeet', 
My own de(tf\% VU\e\c ca\j\v\ Tt^W 
My own ptrU€l\oTvs vVi^ic A^'^ivoN^iX 
And tr\utnf»h in p\a&«cvK Vos^ \ — 



^%wc%'^ 



751 SeUaPoitr/^ Jnciint and Mo Jim, fir Aoguft, 179J. 



Secm'd with my eyes alone to fee 
And glow with fenfihiiity I 
Witli correfponiient a^ioo-Cy grace 
My fong— -and dwell upon my face I 
Yet, thus expert in frown and fmile, 
There's no great feeling all the while ! 
For* if in trial of the heart, 
I feign in anger to depart—- 
Ages, nnfought, 1 might remain, 
Mor my loft friend ere find again t 
" p 
2 R E M I T A. 
II. 



Shall chtcr her banks with her own pre per 

^flood^ 
But trenching engineers channel her fields 
And hruife her flowrets with indented proofir 
Of hofttle furvejs : •* each new day, a gaih 
" Is added to her wounds ; alas, poor country; 

<< Almoft afhamed to know itfelf " 

Thefe plaufive fcliemes, models of inward 

avarice, 
All of one nature, of one projeA bred. 
Do now in ftrait and iU-befeeming fines 
Flow all one way t or,' if opposM atliwart. 
Each other crofs in this inteftine contefty 

QfCftntimitdfrem p. 65 5.^ And furious riralihip of navigation. 

UID fociat ? qoQdeinde roodo fibi nabila England, to join at once all arms of fea, 
mentis Her winding dreams beats back with ihame- 

Diflipct, et pacem confiliumquc petat ? ful dams, 

(Namquc ignarus adhuc, nifi qnatvagnsad- And wat'ry Neptune binds within deep ponds, 
vena nai rat^ Enlarged ditches, and rotten-mounded dykes. 

Aut armenta feqticns paflor i^ure refert) Jherefocc hot Phoebus, regent of the (kics. 
Tandem al^emanti vifum eft excederc fylvis Red in his anger, fcorches all the air, 

Quamprimum, et varies hofpes adtre locos, And, in revenge, fucking up earth's moifture, 
Ut fpcaans,aculifqnetid€libus omnia laftrans, Hat!) every fruitful rivulet made fo dry 

Te refemt, mentis blanda medela, quies ! 
Egrediens, ooQcham imponit pro more galero, 

£t baculi facnim dextra prehendit opus, 
Cujos apex mira coelatur imagine J as u, 
Mnneris indicium^ przfidiumqiie fibi. 
His rite inftruAus, vigil obfervator ab antro 
Difcedit, vicosy rur% domofque petens. 

III. 

Mane novo carpcbat itu per aperta viarum 

Qu^ lat^ car/ipi planitiefque patent-^ 
Cum tamen incaluit medio Stl orhe diei 

Obvius e contra foite viator adeft. 



That ihey fcarce flow wnihin their continents: 
Thif, and worfe progeny of evib, comes 
From cu's, extenlions, junctions, and canals.. 

Rich. II. iHeic.IV. Midsummer Dream* 

I had been happy if the new enclofure, 
Foxcoverf,and all, were one grand navigation, 
So tliey had left the fweet IVrfai undifturb'd : 
Farewel the tranquil fcene, contented fport ! 
The frequent nibble, and rhe bite at lad. 
That patience makes a virtue : . O farewel, 
Farewel, the fimple roach, the timid chubh. 
The muddy-fl imiig eel, the ihallow gudgeon^ 



At non ille qnidem longisconfumptrsnbannis, ^he feld-ttiown carp, the rare and Uifcious 



Nee felTum tardat pigra fene<I:>? pedem — 
llh purpurea fplendet lux aJma juventx. 

Ft colli flavis crinihus ardct ebur. 
Tandem occurfantes, " Salve, pucroptime!" 
nofter 
Occupat— "'^ Et falve tu, venerande fcnex !*'. 
Multa fuper muliis rogitant, narrantque 
vicilTim ; 
Et quA quifqiie via tendit, etnnde venit. 
nine dulce nlU.quium — hinc blandac Concor- 
dia mentu — 
Hinc ambo fallunt tasdia l«iign viat, 
Donee ami.'iti?e paiilUitim aflur^cre lumen 

Incipit, et mi'lU ne^ere coula jugo. 
Ire fimul ftaiuunt, cmicefcjue errare per 
orhera» 
Piflimilo ajvo, maite nnimoque pares— 
Sic hederam qiiercus facrata prntegit umhi-ik 
Sic hcdeix quercum brachia hda tenent. 

G. 

PARODIES OF SHAKSPEARE. N^Vfl. 

THIS bufy mart of bimkcrs, moneyed ifle, 

'I'hiseaith of ommcrct, this feat of Plutus, 

Tins other Iiuli.i, Ucniy Peru, 

1 his ganlen plan'd by Kaiui*' fnr hen'elf, 

l^ paiceU'd out (I f'^ii pio»>oui»cii)g 't !) 

jLkttoachcfs-bo.ird.ortiienniemtii'smorris. 



tench 
** That cues w ith golden oars the fdver flream," 
Farewel the dainty perch : all quality of 

tackle, [bait ; 

Rod, line, and circumftance of treach'rou» 
And ye, voracious pikes^ whofe prickly 

throats 
A thoufand (harpeft needles counterfeit, 
Farewel! — tlic Angler's recreation's gone I 

Othello,IU. j. 
Master Shallow-. 



EPITAPHIUKf. 

In v'trginentf qt4def lefh/tfi talx €t,ttfe6ia, decn 
nwio (ttatis annoy placidtim efflavit MMmmmf 
m*tximi/mfui ({efiJetium relinqufns. 

VnVE fl'»tc novo, moiti pergrata rapina, 
Sub tenebns tumuH claufa M.iria jacet; 
Si pndor nut virtus terr& quid amabile ja^et, 

Ulius cn.tuit vii-go, corona, siccus. 
Pi'xltitic ingenio nee folum : fuifit honore 

Forma', moUiticm cafta cupiilu dedit. 
Ahfit .iccrba queri : cittusmorientur honefti| 

ilacque DeiK. ciiius fede movtre cupit, 
In paulum colabcnt Ui^ubria teoipora Drumsi^ 
Dum flM*i a^iei no vcre vigeie dcttur. 

J. H. P. 
^o more t/je thiiHy cinr.inLC of our foil m 

*^* MiALqcke's V^LfeSfMid thoi«of Jumus RuTicusjOinv^l^j^V^^Aot \\\\^ tt^cvUi. 



wiiii (u'1 powcis TO ttiike i>lt ilie beads of 
ihofe who oi'pofe lie ticuriiifi of iihcity. I 

of ihe iletrce, whMi fl-l«, itvit Atlfiocrjit 
aie witlHiutiliB pratcitinii ol Ihe Uw | aiiil 
lliat ymi give i-fdets lo ail Admininraiive 
Bodit* lo ffqiitftr»tc thr piopcrty of fi- 
fpefled perliip*. — All thtfe propolitioiii 

A greai cirwJ haJ in Ihe aicxa lirre af- 
femblfd toiuid ll.e CoovetiCior, antf were 
loud, in Iheir demsnd?, Ihai .t decree of ac^u- 
blion Ibniild inflarlly he palftd lEainft IhiitS 
who had iiKurrcd Ihcir difpleaCiire. Several 
Hemben came in, and cnrnplained ilui il'oy 
weie i«fulitil by [he m.'b, *iid iliai ilwir ile- 
Iihrraiont « ere noc free. A depiiiiiiii'n wsi 
feni imi, to iLirj^giie the people, and t:i pre- 
vail on ihem, if poflibls, In preftn-e itie 
pcblic pe^ice ; bul they could b~i'dly obiam a 
heariilEi '"^ '" "'"'■ e"i'e'"ie'' «V= ""'^ 
aofweied bt ''emandsihailhe decree ufaccu- 
fjlWo flliiuld he p:!(ri;d. 

Having re'iirned co the Hall, a iiimiiltiKMi 
debnte foilowrd. The Wt-t.M/i at l..ft pie- 
vailiiif, a iletieo «■« palieJ, mderiog iha 
fullowiiie Menibcrs and MiiiAcni lo be ar- 
relt«d.- vii; Ccnfoniies, Vergniain', BtilR*, 
CiiMlet, Gorfas, rvlii.n, SaSltT.CaiiiNm. Bar- 
barous, Kuzfit, Biiotleaii, RnKnid, Lirmn'cr, 
Linjuinais, UraliEciieuve, Lefnje, Loiivei, 
Vab».D>iidcelI,niii.->n,LanitK.ii»j,Diiirau:>:i 
all Il« Members of the Coniniillee o( Twelve, 
Ponfrede jnd Ssint Manin Lxceptei; jml Ihe 
JUiaiHec, C/jvicfe and Le Uiua. On liw 



liir urieniis, lo w.ii^ Ihe pr.'cti fc iit ths 
rebels, and (o take, rn coiifcqjence Ibereor, 
cveiy me^fure ihst may be i«c«ll>ij. 

Art. J, Bold i:p.in ll e nunh nnd in the ' 
tamp, Tequifit rn Ihall he m.Hic by Ihc Cum- 
miirni ies r.f \\a.r, by fi yied lifls, of all tl;a 
arms, provifmni, and iuhrilleiicr, uhicti trtj 
he necelLiy: [hey ftiall mve recei[.[* jiij 
orders for pajWent cu ibn Kaiioii^l 1 le.-i- 

Ait. 4. An account <f the Jduand O'Si's 
of men, borfeS, atirs, and provifim-, ih..U 
be ftnt every day 10 ilin Coiivci;tiao by th« 
Cotnmiiraricf, and poltett up iii every Do- 
patiment of Ihe Republic. 

An. J. The MrtuAer al War fhall give an . 
!. (|,m i^ft of tl "" 



iiuf..floii 



.ofai 



eigbC 



d of III 



(tale of Ilie n.ani:f,ifli>ru:S < 
llie rebuilt laife,!, which ha-e not 
\el airivtd from the Depaitoirms uf tlio 
Rrpul-lic. 

Alt. 6. All tlie noikflioj's cf Paris Ihalt be 
converted '.iiIoitiunufa£^oiir»urarin},CdriniMi. 
fi^ri's, aiHl piUs. 

Alt, 7. ACommiffary (hillhenamtdfrom 
anKingtbe Meti.bsrso! ilie C. nve.iiiui, «hi. 
iirfelf lake ci.gn'Hi-ce of the ai3ii;,l 



f.At 






Paris, of ll,e me-n> of 
exiBidrng rliem, of hallcr-ijig ilie Iviwks, arr.l 
of re)omiiug (ueli ahufis .>i n»y del iv cler 
rregreli. Me Riall give ;,ii .icci-uni oMii» 
ohltriatioiis on itie lobjea to K^e Con.ni,AV«« 
of ; ohln: SaCelf , wto fto'A t..«v^W v« i!nk 
V;,!i,m;d C.'i'Meilfujti Ivtfli Ai-er^Luia is ftiii. 
bt; inil^ril weful. 



754 Trocttdlngt ofibi National C^nventkn {/Trance. [Aug. 

Second Decree. <' It is not,*^ adil^ iie, « by ordinary nnea; 

Art. T. At ten o'clock to-morrow room- " fures that that aiy can be favcd." Two 

in^y there (hall be a nominal call of the re- armies^ one of 30,000, and the other of 

preientatives of the people, to know ibofe co,ooo men, are on their march towaidt 

wIk) have I'emaiticd at tlicir poft. Knntef. The cohimns jof the DepaitmeAtf, 

Art. 2. The fame (hall be done on Mon- who are mnixhing towards- Paris, ought to 

day. at the fame hour, of fuch Membt:r$ of be dueled a^ainft the rebels, 

tlte Convention as wi^re abfeut at the former 'Caujlard^ ]^puty of Nantes, wrote that 

nominal call. misfortunes were at their height, and thac 

Art. 3. All thofe whofe abfence (hall have die enemy t%ere at the gates of Nantes, 

been proved by thefe two nominal calls, ex- Ixgendre, \ move, that Patriotic Commif- 

cept fuch as have fome paiiicnlar million, fmnersmaybe fent to travcrfe the Depart- 

or who have been detained at home by virtue menis, and to caufe the tocfin to be every 

of a decree, or on account of indifpofition, where founded. 

(hall be confi Jet ed as having defined their ^etheau, Sbnuld the rebels enter Nante*, 

poAf, and of liaving voluntarily itbdicued all Britanny will rife, and the Repubhc will 

their Ciin^ions ; their fub (litotes ihall be or- be expofed to the grc.iteiV dangers. 

^•d to replace tliem in the National Con- Tbmiot. 1 he meafiu-e of a gei^ral found- 

veniion ing of the locfm may ruin the Republic. If 

June 1 7. On the m<<ion of Lacrolx, the all France rife, it will dcAroy itfclf ; whcrras, 

following decree was palTeti : ii we put the neighbouring Departments uf 

** The National Convention decree?. That Nantes in a (late of requifition, the found og 

the lift of the Deputies abfent without caufe, of the tocfin in that particular quarter may 

or by rcfix^'ation, leave, illnefs, fnfpcnfion, be extremely ufeful. 1 afk, vvhy Biron has 

01 ari'cl^, bedcpofittidujion thebureau of the been fo long filent, why he remains in a 

lnf|>e^ort of the Halt, fuch as it has. been (tate of ina^ion, and what armed force he 

read, corro^lc*', and verified, by tlic Sccre- commands ? 

taries at the fccond nominal call which took CbcMdiat wrote from Tourr, that the ovens 

pi ace in this day's fitting. The fjid Infpec- did not bake a fufhcient quantity of biead ; 

tors are cuarge<l tu examine formally all the and that tlie want ui ttiat necelfaiy article 

ciufes which nuy be .alleged to juiiify fuch had tetatded the operations: of Gejieral Biron. 

abfence, and to hear the rcafons aiTigncd hy He adtled, that the army of N»ori amounted 

the Deputies} they (hall caufe the liil, with to 25,000 men ; that :u;othcr very otnifidcr- 

reafons affigned, to be printed in the courfe able aimy was alfembling ; and that of babies 

of three days. d'Olone coufiftcd of ii.ccc men. 

«* The National Convention decrees, That Bareti. As rhefe arni.cs will amount to 

the Minifter of Jufticedotranfmitto the In- 62,000 men, well aimci', it will not bo 

f|>edlors of tlie Halt a return of the Deputies neceirary to Icund the toc::n but in the De- 

who are in a (late of arreft^ in virtue of a partmcnts a<'jaccnt to Nantes. — Decreed, 

decree; of thofe who, though included in June 2^ Z>\i;r<;<: announced, that the city 

this decree, have not been found at home, of Angers had opened its gatfes to the Rel)e>s; 

and are not y<sl in coftody ; and, finally, of that the Adniinil'riilois hid. t«.ken fltglitj 

thofe who made their efc^pe afier having and that in that loyal city there was but one 

been taken into cuftody." voice, which was ra;lcJ ir. f.'tvcur of Liberty.] 

Marut. I long to op^n the eyes of the na- Citizen B.irb;.zan was appointed Provifory 

lion upon thofe flandererf v. ho have repre- Commander in Chief 01 the Army of the 

fented mehere as the c:{ufe nf your divilior.s Coaft;* of Cl.ciboiiig, in the room of 

and altercations. They have induced me to Wimpfen. 

fufpcnd my (elf from my fundlions. Since On ihe propofi'ion of B.'^rrcre, the Con- 
that, I Ivivc a>mraun'cated it> my colleagues vention decreed, tliat the prifwncrs i;dwen by 
thole ideas which I thought would be of fci- the Rebel', wIk* (hall return uith one of 
vice to them. 1 wn»tc fevcral letters to the ii>f^ir p.ift'p nf, ih.dl fuffvt civil degradation; 
N;»tional C»»nvcnt'.cn, none of which have and that all t Ik »fc, w.hwfe pntl'i oris lhall (late 
been rtad. I declare, that the afpcifions their hnv.ug taken il;c Oath of Fidelity to 
thrown ou: aga'nft me t.ught to be llititd by Louis XV il. flinll ha fcized, ;»nd delivered 
my filence. France mud now be fenfihle, up to the Revohitiour.iy *^ri^n^al. 
that there is no hicnd of pnhlic on'er .uid The Conventii»n recalled, hy :\ Decree, the 
tranciudlity in IkIpr more fmccre th:«n my- Rcprcf'-ntaliv^'S of the I'cople fen: to the 
felf ! I declaic thnt l refuine my :ijn^tiotis." Army of tl:e Coafts of La Rochclle, and ap- 
(S'.me apllaufci Jnvi the reimtejl comer tf tie puinlcd twelve others. 

/ ,/; J Some cit.zens from Ncvcrs informed the 
yi/W22. A Member requciled affillancc Convention, that the Adm-nih rati vc Bodies 
to i':c ci'.v of Nantes. The rebels, he fiiid, of that c»ty were imiuiingiiic lebcliioib con- 
had cut rff tv\ o o» its communications, ?nd du^ of many othei s. 
tiK*J the plnce wruM '>e loil (hiuld'ihey cut (To be cofitinuetl ) 
«m tlic liiiid, which was (he* only ouc kft. ■■■ 



ths moll il' Ichniii-J ohflind..y .m both Tidts, 
ibr npw.li (Ih uf uiLe lUSts, grut paiLiirilie 
linw within pillul-ihiit of each other. Tha 
Algeriita maila CarerJ attempts to biurili 
but were it often but off with greit flauEh* 
Icr i jst lo ildi'liig .-ind itloluie were lh« |>i- 
ntes, UuUtliey run (Iwir Hiip Blung-rule ihe 
French in fpiie of xU refiftan.e, iinJ grap- 
pl'.-i) then) lo (all, ch.it every effiirt tn gee 
clear u'?< in vain; tlie inftileli itnrnedi^tcly 
jjntptd on board fivord-in-hanJ, fWLaring 
bittctljp, in fever.il languages, they winild 
conijiier or die, neilhei' would they give or 
t^kc ^luiCer ; Ihe RefiuhlicaitB received tliem 
with great fpirii and refolifiiiri, when a mult 
dieMlfiil caningr enitied, ivitli (Vronis, piflols, 
javdins, and lances, li!1 M laH the Frin h 
were »verpowereJ, and iiMlged to Urikeio 
thole terrible lurbairiaiit. 1'lie prates loft in 
butn rencnnire- ijpwar<!i "f loo men, befiJei 
all lh:.-tr officers I the h ijtTw.'in w.isielaft 
whuhad tlicciimnuml j iliisfetlinv. .dlho.igh 
WOHndail in leveral parti OS liu baiy, T«fii[Ej 
' to quit the decli, anil dird as he vm encni- 
ragineiheretl tofitht. Tiie French mimnl- 
Cil Ihiny gaai, 7.wi Ihe Alcrrmc* t*en'y- 
eight hcddBipiueraroeij and tlie^ were b-ith 

to an impoflibdiiy either of them cunld reach 
AUicn. 

P. S. The Algerine Captain was (hot 
thruitEli the he.id in the he.il i>( the a<^)iiHi, as 
lie was h'litiog ilu colnnr^ tn tlic maJl ; and 
lb4 tiril and (ecimd Lientenaiils, who were 
bcHh hit U«*, ihared the fame fate. Soon 
reporral, ilitt Itiej' Iwith 
MlDfttM 



bcKveenthe Couits of Pelrrlbur^h anj Ber- 
lin, ill it j Full extent, ai was required on th« 

III cnnlequenceof tite rtfulal of the Diet 
to acceile, the Ruflun AmhalTador on the 
1 6th feiit a note tantamaont in a (brmal da- 
Ctaiatioo Of war. He faid in thii«oie. Hut, 
niilcft the Deputiet were invefted with iht 
auth'oril]P required an the 17th, he Ihootd laf 
the ellaies,puirenian', and h^diitatioiu, of the . 
Members nf llie Diet under a military execi^ 
lion i and, Ihoulcl the Kln^ a>llier<i in tii« 
"P|iufi;e party, the Royal domains would 

The Diet, in cnnfequence of tb«fc m*. 
nacsi, hy the advka of the K-Qg, » ho faw 
with gi ief the danger of a vain refiOance, at 
length yielded, ami the refiilution wai car< 
rieij hy a m^jnrity of'69 to 10 ; but a niim- 
her of prnefts were enlered oniheoccarioni 
Poland mnft therefore fubmit to its Eue, 
amidA tiie :ihfalu(e filence of all Europe- 

Tlw city oC Grodno ti clofely b1o;lud up 
hj fure.gn tronpi. and no one can qui the 
city wi^lmui a paiTpHrt from tlw Rolfian Am- 
b'lrailor, nor evtn 10 t:ilte a wa k. Cnunt 
de Sieiers has ntfcred the FoiTign MinilUrt 
their pallpnris ; hut the Diplomatic Coip* 
h.ve reruled bit nflert, as contrary to the It* 
bcnies and reCpcA >liie to their chirafler. 

P^ili. The removal of the (Jueen frnm 
the temple to llie Comiergeiie time placA 
at midnight ; an hour at which l^ie Itr.'cti 
of Cans are now fi ee from almuft all |<aflen- 
gers, eicept the ni^'.-tt") vM.V"\e*, Qta (i.' 
the iti'ift OTA'inarj twriwjts, V.evV W ^»le, 
WM ttJtd apoa \,\w wtaiiwi, aai\i« Vlii^l 



75^ h(ir*ftitig Intfttigifiei fr$m varUni Forts if ibidntineni. { AQg« 

Wat not fiermitted en take witli her any Is- and citadel of V«denetennte tn the Combine 
HMto atteuilanr. Heitrioc t\w CommAnda?*.t Army on<ter the C(«mmand of his Rbyal 
of the NiCion.ll 00.11*11, St. -Andre a Commif- Highnefs the Dtikeof Yirkc The fucoefsful- 
fioner of the j^onveiiciony and one M»con attack of the 15-hi and' the lodgment in the 
wh««fc: ofRfe li not fpecified, r<d6 in the 'horn- work, fecm t 
carriage \\ ith ber, which was e(cortcil hy an 
hundred and fifty Chjfleuts. Parties of tlie 
NntionnI Giurd'^ were p«»fled at every avetine, 
at each of vihich.tlie cai-ritige wrts (loppedy 
while Henriot hmfelf ga\'e ch« p.irolc. 
FrnvaATfoN at Paris, ^^^."fl to. 
The cere^miHiifS at'.C'idmg this eel hmrion 
Vfere w<«rthy of the aelors in it. Arrived at 
a ti'iim'p" al <irr'i ercdlrd in tlie Champ de 
M>r$, I he Picfident p»ve tlic fraternal kifs 

to iho hepMne b" the 5(hnnif 6ih of Od:>oher, by the myal aniUcry, nod every 
and p'-rf. iitod them wi(»i a branch of laurels: * lion is due to Major Cong'revs 



to have made a ft'-ong im- 
preffion upon the enemy, and lo have dif- 
lyifed them to receive in a favourable manner 
t' e fnmmons which was font by his Royal 
Highnefs to the General and inhabitants upon 
th*- fol'owin?, day. 'he alacritv u ith which 
the rrooi« ha»'e nn«1«rgone ih« h^rdfhios and 
(evere duty of ihe firg-,- a.* v. til as the rrfo. 
I'tion which they difp^yrd in firuat^o'ts of 
dnn^er^ defene the h-gheik p'aife. Batteries 
were allotted at diffrr^rnt Cim.'S 10 be Woiiced 

commemla- 
and Co tho 
otliceis and m»:n of th;it corp«, who have 
upon thisoccanon iuWy fupp»rted thereputa* 
lion which ih«y hAve fo long eojoyed. 
Though Colonel Mivxc ieff «^as Jiot charged 
wit!) ttie dirediotv of the fiege, the greaieft 
adv.intages.hive been derived fn>m his pio« 
feiiionalknov. ledge, a6livity, and zeal, par- 
ticularly in tiking and keening ptilTeflion of 
tlie horn- work. The moft dangerous, ai 
well as the moll liborious p.irts of the fi«r^, 
fell to the lot c^^the imperial forces. They 
have h^d al^ont i,)oo officers and men killed 
and wiHinded { from which, however, the 
fame d^NluAittn may be made. 

Anv further p:^nicul.*rs, which you may 
beeefiroosto be informed c«f, will be ex« 
plained by Capt C.-vh-crt, Aid-de-Camp to 
H:$ Royal Hig! nefs, who was employed in 
carrying on the intercoiufe leluive to the 
carjtulatioii of the town, and wliofe ze<d and 
in elligence n)>on this as well as upon many 

vott's r ofn the Primary Aflemblie^, of the former occafiors havebecu higlily approved 

acceVH^r.c* if the Condicmion, which was of by His Royal Higluefs. . 

announced to thn |Hinp!c by a generd Uif- 

clutrge of arill *ry, and the oath lo <'eft;nd it 

vr ts t:<ke'i. Af'er the ;.dmini(^rat on of ilie 

oath, the 86 Kldcrs advanced towards the 

PrefrJenr, and deliveretl to him ihs fafces 

whir.h th''V Ixii'c in their lund«, and which 

the PiefiAnt ie»l togc ih*r with a tri-colour- 

ed r'b'M*n.- He depofited ' h^ Adl of the Con- 

ft tut on under the arch — He then configned 

th J :»'• h, u'ith th.c fa'ct^, totlic Commillii n- 

eit- *.? ihv "!'rii'nr\' \^'.. mh'i s, to be k«p*. 

b> th.cm t 1! tl*5 r'.Iwwiiu' d .v, iheii to he 

dejvthLe.l ;cj flits jl-ct* 01* ihe Sat'.rrg of tlie 

Kar^o' .il • OMr«riiiif»fi. Kmbrac-s- terminated 

th s fcciie 1 l»e ihtoj* e ih* n ah.mdonerd them- 

fclvo to Jmv. Ar ten o'cl hK a difchar^e of 

aitillfrN' wj* the f'jml for the c« mmence- 

m'-nr of a lantr.mim! , entitled, " The Bom- 

baidj c.i ( f :he City of L'fle." 

£xfrfiff 9f n Letter ft ^n Sir James Murrr.y, 
• *yit:iuT.ir-f'Gn:rrai to' the Forces umiei tbf 

V'>n^inti>»ii 'f f 'is R'^ynl Uiihneji tU Pule of 

Yoik, /a Aur, ' Secretfiiy Dundas. 



Tlv^r weits feiteil upon pieces of l-eivy ord- 
nritc. E^h?y-fix Ltdcrs, r^prcf nting the 
«i.»»ilV-<:x P'miary .Affenn^h.St i*an,itd thero- 
f?!ve^ rli>ic to the Aatue of l.ib«ny. F.very 
ft-a''a:d-V3ier came to depftt his colours 
artund i- e j>c'ir(t d. The infignin of royalty, 
brought in cart>, were thrown "Upon hilters 
of w*K'd* The PrefiJerit tho.i rore afide the 
yrt'il vvliich civ«re4l tl.e llatue of Lberty, and 
k$ fn!«?mn inaugur^tiim took plAce, amidt> a 
general difcharge of artUlery , and the finging 
of a hy mn romp<»fed for the occafion. A fier- 
wards th»* tl'er, cnrrying torchef, fet fire 
to the hillci?. Alt -r th's, a fecond dif.harge 
.of artillery aarouncd the continuance of the 
ni'^rcli J he Pi. fide m of the Conventton, 
ftccn' ::panic.d by r lie Sfcret.oies and the 86 
E!«ters, afcenuwd the aha-*, whiltt the Mem- 
bers of t'"i C«»n\ v;jti«*n and thofe of V,\o Pri- 
mary •»(Icmhlics, occnp.cJ Jt: (Icps. The 
Pret'ilcnt pn}c!;)ir.-ied the reception of the 



77' AT %*ieli the u'moik i.!fis/.'«5>..»M th.it I 
aetjMjja: j oa with tLe iujieudttr utuic tuvvo 



} A. Murray. . 
From the London Gttxette ExtrMrd'rmryf 
Aug. 14. Tlie fiUlowiag difpatchcs u»rt 
ycAerday received at the Ofllce of the Right 
Hon* Heniy Oundas. 

SIR, Efireux, Aug. 6. 

- I indofe yon a lid of the g^rrifon of 
•Va*encient>cs, as it <^»ovl at the end of tho 
fiQg", uiih th.u of the lUwes which were 
t:.U. n i'l the town. It was computed ihat 
between b a::d 7,coo mc.i mar.he*! out of 
tl.e placo, tlie red being Tick or wounded* 
part of which remained in the hofpitu's, and 
part followed in waggons. The garrifon 
was efcoried to the fn ll advanced pods of 
the enemy. Accounts have h^^cn fioce re- 
ceived rf their having rctir*.'tl to different 
pars of the CHvttry. 1 h-ul ihc opiHiitirniiy 
C menlioninj lo yoi«, in a former ktli-ry 
th.it :hc con. u«Jt of the tr«»ops under he more 
immediate contmand of his Royal Highnefs 
hail hcc^i fuvh as to mrrit the higlwft com- 
mendation; and it wouM be unjull not to 
ohC-rve, that eqiml pi.iiftf i:> du« to thofe of 
his Iru^teri.xl MajcHv. Tliefe were a»m- 



^ 



"f H'"r''"'''j'(™''iu'rr''"''*id"'''7'l'''' ''■■'■"''°"' "' ',"'^f«T< "">i eis'u.piecw ef 
Ji-nns of Aiiftnans, mirchcU fnrn their ro- yi^j^ ^riiiucJ tiicir rewwt i ;md as na 
fl-eaire c,.mi« :lie mornrns of llie 6tli, m<i javanl..£« feemcJ liU:!y to acaue ftom tsr- 

joiii"r iho bme ewsning in a camp r.wr „,„ pu.Jull, ihe iro.ips, I'ter haUi.ig then 

H-Cmcb. Thi<hod)Fmircl>e<liliefDll<.*mg b«n propofed lo be uken, rew Bourlcw. 

ni..rmns, in ..nc oinmn, hy live viltaee of jever^l w.igEons were Ukqi ui<onrhisan4 

Sc.H,Ia.re. Boiillitre, aii.l Wamh,,,, and, ,he futm-r Jiy. Gen. CUirf.,1 cn,IW Um 

forming aflei wards into iwo, crolW the suijcliit M dw hteak, wlien he fuuiiJ Uw 

Scl^M, .,[ Crcvcl«i,i- ^iiul Manure.. Dmng enemy's cimp et.lji-ely abuid.inBd. Lieat 

Ihe m:iroli a Lilly of oivalfy appeareJ n.non c^n. Ai-rilky, who commaiMled a fnuUer 

the iighi fl."k io«ar.H Limbra-, bui criey j^ij^n ^^^^ the righl, fell in with a poft 

were .Invren h,<ik in gie:iC confiifiur, by tbv ^,i„ Ht>tdjiin!, killed fcvwal of lliero, and 

appe.rraiice c.( fnme cavali y .leltiiied to attack ,^,)( <, prjluner*. 

ll...m, and n few fhol f.<.m the Auflrian I gl.t The lofs ..f Iha ComhiiieJ Amy hasbaen 

a-tilery. The tr.o;.' li.,J t>.»ri. ele«i. hours ^,„y !„„„«,!„ aKla. I iiiclufo that ol Iha 

uprm lUfir march wlwn ihey reathed M»- , ^[^ Jnijoo.:S, the only ir.Kips under iha 

niii-rt, 111.1 ili= ticaf was e%:ttmc ; il wai ia,niedi,i:e command of his Rt7.1l Higtiiieft, 

e™i!c<iiitntlyimiiiinl'>1enr™«''l^n>f '"'■"■, „;„ have latf'.rtd at all. It a difficuU M 

an,l.,t,niip was tjkeii njioii the a.ijoininj af^„,ii„ i(,e loft of the enemy: tlicy lav* 

be.Bhii. In rlin evenmjv lu" iilterths tfti [affcrd upon fever.il occjfio.is. Tliore aro 

1'Eh'drjgooii' li.iaheMiu.r,eiiiij:?ieirhor;er, ,,^,u( 1 50 utifooers, and a creat many J?- 

beiKciwjU cuIontlChiiiehilliihlei-vedafqiia- fciieo. "^ ' ' 

di,-,,) o! FreiKli aijilry at 1 fm..!! diilan.^ t ' r. Dosoas, M.ijor-Gen:raI. . 

he immnliKely I'lok cne fun «\mn, which „ ^ , , , \, > „ „ 

h.pp=n*a..oh/i.,.c.,d„eK l.a-.nsor,lei, Eri'^ '/ ^ l^"'"o ,/^ R,g>^!l». Ih^r:, 
lor i!iH .«h«rs 10 fo!|..w. ^n.l ciorc.J tlirm DiWw. 0-i«J Vpres, Au£»l\ .7, I79]._ 

FieU MjrfbJl Frerta; lulled lift night a( 

Vlacnwnnithiie i hii »i1vanc<J guard a[ fo. 

periaEheii. Ha marched tliis erciiing with 

, tho intention o' ^ .OnuT \\« \t« ». Ai.^- 

brcaU, mil jJtK.ls.Mic "iw eoswi'* ^^^ »■. 



758 



JntiTiJIing IniilBitnci fr9m the Eaft Indies. 



[Aug, 



Hescpo^ and Hondfhocte. The former is 
fud to confift of about 800 men. Tlic Fitld- 
Marfhal has comroumcated to His Royal 
Highneis the difpofitions which he has made 
iat this pwpofe, and they offer every prof- 
pe6l of fticce^. 
Fopfcr'tpt^ dated f^rmSf Auguft 29, 1793. 

As the army was approaching Ollend, I 
kept my letter till this day, in hopes of being 
Mc to give fome account of Marfhal Frey- 
tag's operations. His Royal Hignnefs has 
jnft received information, that Ite has ite- 
fraied the enemy at Ooft Capelle, Rex- 
nonde, and H«ni^fchoot. He has taken 
rieven pieces of cannon, and 200 prifonersy 
and killed about the fame number of men. 
TKe pnrfait was continued to within a fmall 
^ance of Bergues. 

There are 00 our fide about forty killed 
Sid wounded. 

East Imdia Intilltcekce. 
Fttm tbt India Gazbttki Fek. 4^ 1793* 

' Kotwithflanding Tippoo*s repeated decla- 
fations that he had no more Engliih prifoneis 
in his podeflfiony it is now evident, that all 
thofe declaration- have been infmcere. Mr. 
Beclier, who fnme years ago wa« proceeding 
in a Patc-unar boat, with (tores for Mr. Ri- 
Intt's f^lp at Cochin, was onr(brtiinateIy dri- 
ven on (h()re near Mangalore, and taken pri- 
loner : after undergoing a long and painful 
imprifonment, and marching from fort to 
fort, he has at laft effe.^ed his efcaiMs ffom 
Seringapatam. Latterly his confinement was 
lK)t fo Ari^ as formerly, and' he was fome- 
times permitted to go a (hooting, nnder the 
guard of a Sepiv. One day, having (^rolled 
« conrdcrable dii^ance from the fjrt, he 
terned npun the Sepoy, and threatened to 
fhoot him, if he did not accompany him. 
The Sepoy w^s obi ged to comply, and they 
JHTC now both fafcly arrived at TeUicbeiry. 
Mr. Becher reports, that there are feveral 
prifonei s at Seringapatam. 

The following ntelancholy particnbrshave 
been received at the Ka(\- India Houfe fn>m 
Ca|)tain Harrwdi,of his Mrijcfty's (hip Thetis, 
An account t f the ur.forlunAte lofs* of the 
Honourable Company's (hip, Winieiton, 
George Oundas, late commander, bronghi to 
St. Helena, the 1 5th of T»ine, hy an Arnei i- 
can bi'g, fiom the l(lc of France, 



Thomas t»e Souza, p.»flen£«r, arrived at 
the Ifle of France, Apnl 17, 1793. 

The (hip (truck at two o*cl:>fk in the 
niorotng, Augnft 20. 170?. At four o'clock, 
having hove the guns and p;ut of t'le cargo 
•veihoard, they cut away her ma(l«. At 
day-lighr, being but it^itn miles from the 
mam-land, rlns yawl was fent on (l:ore for 
ailiflance. In i^c night of the loth, the Umg 
boat, cmter, and jolly boat, wcie (love to 
pieces hy the intmtnic f::a which broke re- 
penedly over the (hi(i. On t'le 21ft, tliC 
K» cuutinmng, aad perceiving the > uwl ic- 



tuming from *the fhore, Captain Dundas 
hoifted fignids» ordering her ndt to come 
along fide, which (he obeyed, and again re- 
turned to the ihore. On the sad, at fix 
o'-clock in the morning, CapUm Dundas per- 
ceiving the (hip to be feparating, fixed the 
ladies on the top of the portp with provifions, 
&c.; thereft of the paffengenand people 
took, their ftatiohs in the miien chains, 5cc. 
when he ordered the poop to btr cut away ; 
this faved their lives. At nine o'clock the 
(hip divj^led into four pieces, wlien Captain 
Dimdas, Mr. Chamber-, See were drowned. 
Mr. Dale, Mr. De Souxa, and the fourth 
mate, with four feamen, went in the yawl 
to Defcl, from thence to Modambique^ where 
they procured a vefTel to fetch the ladies, &c. 
from Madagafcar to the Ifle of France. 
It is expected they may be here in May. 
Wint^ion, lo(t at Madagafcar Anguit lo, 
1792, lat. 23. 50. and afterwards we went to 
St. Augu(tin's Bay, about four days march. 

PafTcngers lolt.— »Captain Dundas, Mr. 

Chambers, i(t mate, Mifs MiGowan, Mifs 

CuU^n, Miis Robinfon, and 4* men included. 

PafTengers faved. — Mrs.Cuilen, Mifs Maiy 

Cullen, Mifs L^ne, Mif> Baily, Mifs BriAow, 

Mrs. Bil1a<i, Mr. Dun, purfer, Mr. Spsns, ad 

mate, Mr. Dale, ;d mate, Mi(s M. BriAow, 

^fth and fixih nutes, the mid{bipmen> Lieut. 

Brownrlg, Mr. Hamilton writer for Bengal, 

, writer for MitUras, Meffri. Gawon, 

Gordon, and Lvn, cai'et^, Hon. Mr. R:unfay, 

Mr Riichannon, Mr. Collier, fiee mariner, 

Mr. Thompfon, Mr. Silk, nud Hr. Lilly. 

(Signed) F. J. HARTWELL. 

The following intelligence has been re- 
ceived by the Royal Admiral Eaft Indiaman, 
EiTtx Henry Bond, EfQ. Commander, ar- 
rivrd off PiTifmooth :— This (hip fa.lcd from 
Canl'p, in compnny with the Sulivan, Capt. 
Pouncy, on the i8th of March laft ; arrived 
at .Ant;ar Point, in the Straits of Sunda, the 
14th j:f .^pril following* and there feil-in 
with h s Majefly's (hip the Lion, the In.*of- 
tan Eaft Indi.iman, and two fmall brigs. On 
baard the Lion were tord Macartney «id 
his fuite The Hindoftan ?nd Lion arrived 
in the Straits in February laft, and had been 
at Baravia for ten days, but did not intend to 
venture on the coaft of China till the mon- 
foons were fet in. It i«? thei-cforc fnppofcd 
they wo'ald not be in China before the 1 5th 
or 2rtli of June. Lord Macanney had the 
great f.;tisfa6\ion to leans from the difpatcles 
he received in the Straits by t e Chinr. Itojne- 
ward-bovinJ (hips, iha the Empei-or of Chi- 
na wa« much pleafed with the u'ca of the 
emhaffy, and had given inftrudlions to all his 
Mandarins at the Northern ports of China^ to 
keep a good look out for the fleet, to fupply 
them witli every necefljry, and to eon«!uct 
his Lort.l(hip and fuite up to Pekin. His 
lordlhip has exprelftrd his intention, if the 



feafon permits, to return by the Suuthem 
paVfage. This determination will ncc.tfarily 
pl'U\OQ|^ XbCAI 2iO^^«\ WvVoit ^CCiSt >\\^S«^cx 



^ 



the expftliLion agjiaft thit iO^d. Ht re- -th^ri laivn. TIk roormng of the tSth wai 
luineJ the ;ift ulc. anil bmughc inrainia> ilietime fucAii, and wa were to muve for- 
tion thai the plinters had exprelTsd great ward in (wo columns, Che, one connaing of 
confidence if ne HnalJ cimBdoHn imnie- the HililOi liu"[»,[!ieotl)er orthe RoralifUi 
diacelji, Ihuujh imly with a very (aiM lur Ihn miqwk^he troopa were put in mo- 
fen cei auJ on t1>e 6'h of lliit mi'nTh a Ue- (ion befure day bmk i but, unfortunaieljr, 
[luiaiian arnred berefiom the CunimiLise fiinw aiarnn having (nken jiAcc ain»ng lb* 
/ii»nMJiiiy», with a vety earoed rrqiicft Rii]ijlilii,i1iey be^, inamiAalu, firingoa 
for ainftance, ftaiing, that Ihey were llieii mg suiuther; and thtir cintinaader beiag . 
In pulfeflioii of fonts very LmiMHtMil polis, fererely wnnndedon the occafion, hiiln>o|« 
and that uiir ap[Kjrxiice, with a fmcc even were immeili^ilely difLoncertCil, Wiiald not 
not excnding too men) would encourage fu!<niil lo the controul of »ay at the other 
agreal nuinberi>f Rnyalifb todecljre Ilicm- nlRcert, and iiiftantly retired lo the puft 
fclvej, wlio <iidy waiteil the arnial of the fiom wliich they had lOaiehed. This eon-- 
£iigkfh fur this puri'ofe. Thefe rcpre- daH Aroiifly proved tliat no ile^ndjiice 
fentationi ln<liKed ms to unilcTi.ike the cuuiJ l<e iiiaced <ui ih'm, >nd Uie attack, a- 
■xpedifiim i ami 'lie admiral, who hm uni- gajnft St- Pierre tnuft tuiely hii-e besn car- 
fiff'Tilr cumi'lied with every reqiieft ili^t L ried oii hy Brililh troopj, to which tjieir 
have Ri^ide him fur faru-ardiiis. ihe fe'mce numbert were not cqiul ( and as they lucki- 
in which wc .ij-e engaged, had (irevioudy ly were not cngnginl with ths>eneniy, they 
confeiiied to receive on l-ourd the fleet fucli were ordered immeJi.-.t'-.ly lo return In ttwT 
p.itt cf tilt triHips AS he cunli) convetiienily fauna' {Ki ft, whence they emhaiked on th* 

f itrf, an'.i-hy this means fave a gre;it t\- I9ihi and ilie aril legimer.t hkeu-ife env 

pence in Iraiifi'mis. TItey emtvirkcil ac- barkrd (n.m ibcir pott on the lilt, tlie na- 

. coidirgty on ihc loth, .in>l arrived nff C'jIc vy, at uCiial, fivui; the cno<1 leady aflif- 

H'ivirc OH i!u: i iih. The eflici-r wlui com. ta<^cD. At t)ie KoyalilU would ceriMnly bU 

mamleil the KnyiliHs -i tunic iiv.tsly propcjfed f.icrificcs to the iropl«aWe nijligniiy of tlia 

•n<<iiai.ki<p'-nihriuwn i, I !>t. Pierre, which, KeiniNican pi'-ty ai fiwn iis we (|uitted tha 

be fa>d. wc CO Id eahiy make ourlelves ill, nd, it hecaire in a maimer mcumbent oa 

maftcrs of; aiid that tlic iiifiucnce of (lie o-., in :upi'Oilii[lhc National diara^r, to 

meicli-ii's iheie ^vas fuch as w<.^td girucuie alt our ulintill exertions to bring tbeTe un- 

'thof (uiHiiiiniiii ui ti.erelt of the illand, Fori hxppir penpla fiom ilie fltoiei and, al« 

BoiiiiKifi uluoe cKCCiitrd, and ibal .ibeie though th* neCtHity of imprelling fui;h vef- 

was even a priit^b I17 tiu<, ihtc place would (els u cmild be fuiuid, and ihe piirchafint 

»er/ foun lur'^nd'^r foi- want of pniviOunj. provifions from the mercJuMie^M* WadA^ 

IIm Ficjach eugtii:en wera all xoiiAieat iui UiuumT. v>iU.'uWiiu luul.CiJ.Q«tvcx,1. 



}6o NtwsfromthiWe&'lndits^ Sierra Leone, fafc. [Aug. 



ktve Tenturei] upon it> tmfting to the ge- 
MntKB and hum.ine difpoiition ex'iibttcd bjr 
die n.^tiun on all fynWar. oitcafioiis, and being 
perfectly ali^red of finding in you an advo- 
cate fur refcuing fo many unf(«rtunate perfons 
frxvn certain denth- Wc therefore were 
cmploTod in embifking thefe p ^ople Frona 
the i9Ch to ch^ 2 ill. Befide? Whites, there 
were a number of Blacks, whofe fituation 
was equally perilous; 1 have diftribuied 
tbem among the iilands in the befl nunner 
llut the Ihortnefs of our time wniild admit. 

T. "Bruce. 

Ci^ Fr<»N8/f.— On the 17th and i3ch of 
June feveral difturbances arofe between the 
Whites and MuLittoes» without apparent pro- 
vocation on the part of the Whites. On 
thofedayi'y and pn tlie X9th, the Mnlittoes 
paraded the ftreets in armed bod'es, an«l in- 
§aktd the Whites^ feveral of whom they 
wounded with fabres and piftol'^. The 
Whites endeavoured to obtain redreis, by 
applying to the Conimillioners Southonax 
aiKl Polverel, but in vain. On the i9th»'ao 
ofiicer belonging to tht< fleet in the liarbour 
was wounded; the Commodore applied to 
the ConAmiflfioners for redr« (is, w!u> appeared 
in every cafe to turn a deaf ear to th.c com- 
plaints of the Whites, and to (heller, in every 
inlhuice, the Mulattoes. The Admirals of 
the fleet, upon finding the want of fuccefs of 
the CnromoJore's application, called on the 
CommHiioners themfclves, but without ob- 
taining fatis&Aion. 

They then, on the lotb, drew up tlieir 
fliips, fo as to cover tlie tou n, with their 
broadhdes to it, and fprii)g$ on their cables ; 
the red flag was hoifted on bimrd the Admi- 
ral"^ (hip, and a fignal-gun fired, upon which 
the Captains of aU the (hips of war repaired 
on board the Admiral's. In confequence of 
the plan laid in that Council, at three o'cliKk 
boats from the feveral vclTels were manned, 
and at. four about 2000 men. were lafided 
from the fleet ?t the Cape. Thefe immedi- 
ately proceeded to the arfenal, the cannon of 
^hich they diftributed throughou: the city, 
ami pointed up each of the piiiicipnl ftrce'.s. 
1 hey next proceetled to the Government Houfe 
(where the Mul.:tt<»es had coiled ed) to de- 
mand from the CommilUoners fa isfiftion. 
The Mulattoes fired on thc-Ti ; the fire was 
returned and kept up till dark, with great 
warmth and ctmllancy. 

Before the prepamtion for landing, the 
merchant (hipping was ordered out of the 
way of injury. At dark, after t'le filing 
h;id ce:»fcd, a drum was heard, the ufual 
prehminary to puhlifhing protl.imatioiis, and 
it was reported tliat the CommiiTioneis had 
publi(heJ p.irdon and frtfcdo:n to the revolted 
negroes. One {ii\ mny he depended upon, 
tb/i, tJurirg tlie confliiSt, the pril'ons, contain- 
ing about 4c o of thi rcvtiked Brigunds, 
nrcre opcnOi'j who were armctl to reinforce 
Sfte Mtthirtfws. 

Oa the till, fomecMtmon (hot were ex^ 



changed between the two parts of the towa 
occupied by the Wlii^es and Mul.;tC4>es, and 
feveral houfcs frt on fire by the Lir«rr. On 
the aid, ibc conflagration incre fed, and on 
the a {d the whole t wn of the cape was on 
fire- From the pbce wiiere the mei chant 
ffaipping lay, the roau from the country to the 
Cape is plainly feen. Along it NTrgroes 
from th? country were continu.dly travelling 
■on the z:d and 13d ; fuppo ed to be comuig 
in, in confequence of the proclamation, to 
reinforce ihe Commiflioners pa'rty. 

S>FRRA LrONS. 

Arrived the Company'b (hip. Amy, with 4 
cargo of African produce, confiding of cam- 
wood, ivory, gum, pepper, hides, and tices- 
wax. She alto brings fome paflciigers. Tlve 
difpatches, which are d;ited tlie i4ih of June, 
mention, that the rains liad fei-in feveral 
weeks before, but ihit the colony continued 
to be in very good health. The coIr)nills 
were all put in poffcilion of fmall lots of 
land ; nn^t a new town, on a more regular 
and extended fcale, was liegun to be huilt. 
Between lao and 300 Kova Scotians were 
uuially at work for the Company ; and a large 
party of natives continued to work at the 
pbntatien b^un by the Company on the op- 
pofite fide of the river, where the foil proves 
extremely fioiuful, and the experiments in 
fugar, cotton, &c. appeared 10 be very pro* 
miliflg. The native Chiefs and people cou- 
tinned to be extremely fr.eni'lv; and r>me of 
them, on liie OLcafion of l.»nie veifeis ap- 
pearing which weie mift.iken fir Frcn.h 
privateers, dme down to olter tluir aifnl- 
ance in protcifting thecolony. The Company's 
fcjio'ils are attended by 300 childi en, among 
whom are fome children of the natives. 



Ikelan'd. 
Dublin, Auguft 16. This day the Ix)rd 
Lieutenant havmg defired the aitcod mce of 
the Commons, the Royal Air:nt was rjvca 
to 29 public and 6 private bil!s \ when his 
Excellency was pleafed to conclude the Spifiou 
with the following fpcech : 

<* My Lords and dentleinen, 
The wifdom and firmncf^ that have dif- 
tinguilheil your conduft duiing the prefcnt 
Sclfion, and the attent«on you hu-e arford^d 
to the many important <>l)je^h of your dth- 
berations, dcmaiul my fuicere ;ick«owletlg- 
ments, and enable me to relieve you from 
fui ther attendance in Parliament. 

«' Gentlemen of tlic Houfc of Cf^mons, 
" I have h'S Majefty's Command u> ih.^nk 
you for tl»e liberal fupplies you have vot«d for 
the Publ'C Service, and for the ho'VuriMo 
fupport of his Majefty's Government. You 
may rely upi-n their fuirhful application, 

" My Lords and Gentlemen, 
" The wifdom and liberfljiy with whlf h 
you attendCil to his rtconinu-nuHtion in favovT 
i*f his Row¥ii\ CmIvoIh; fu'-jeels arc hrgfiiy 



1793-] hterifliwg Fntilligencejr§m htUni^ Scothnd^&c. , 761 

fibk «l hii Ma]eftjf*f gnctntic CniMlefccnTioa f^imd by «xp«ii«DOO iii Gratf Britain, iif 

ki committinK ro 50W* judsmem thf apiilicji- great ro imrce in iraUic eiQ^rieociii. Hit 

riqa of die Herrilitnrf Revenue. And 1 Ha hU}>i(\j feets^ ivilti the eieaceft coocenif cbc 

onierid by his M-jefty to fi^i!/ hit appro* expence hroi»|(lit upon his Ftopte bf 4dontf» 

hatim of the pruvifioot uhiclk have b^d 'tic difttirbsuice, added tu the 6on(eqoeiico of - 

Mide for the fupport at his Civil Goi^ern-' a Foreign Wjr, into wlycli vift tevia beea 

SienTi aod the himfiir ai-d dignity of his foro^d hy the wanton ynd onpnivokiM Jif^ 

Crown t «(N> to exprvishis awfi fence ttuf pctfUon of crHice 1 hat yoo wHi refltft ttiaC 

yoor libfrai c<«cetlions to the Konun Cl^ yoo are contending lor tbo pref^rvatiun of 

iholicsy and tlie meafures far the iiegu!atioa your Property, and for the fecurity q£ your 

of tno^ubiic Expenditure, :ind forihe limi- happy Cooftitution. The fuccelf^!^ With 

tttioo of oittces and penfion<, to whxh hit whiclt k luth p!eafd4 the Divine Pruvidaice 

Majefly has been gr^cioiifly pleafcd 10 con- to >le(s.'tlie Alias of I lis M^elty and. hit 

fotit, with a virw to tho <idvanti^ of the Allies, afford tlie heft profpeift uf a happf *• 

Poblici will cement .1 general uiii<«n Of fen- iiltie to this important con:ell t - and it is hit 

tinnent ^mong all cLttfes of his Majefty's fuh- M.ijedy's eameft liope, th^l a continuaact * 

jods, in fup|iort of die eftahhQied Conlli- of vigonxts exertions will finally obtain a 

tulMKL - Uis Majedy has feen, with real- fecot^ nnJ laiting Pence. IhaveenUreoxi* 

£aiis£iAion, that iriendly -difpofitioa which fidencr, thnt in your refpoAive coontibs yon 

h:«sboen maoifieded by tlie Parliaments of will excrt yoor utmoftinfiuenctiniiiaiiitiia* 

Great Britain Mid Ireland, for ttrengthening ing the pnh'ic tmnqmlltty, and in carrying 
the coimexioc^ of the two Kingdoms by . th< law» into fuU excciKioii. You nay km 

motuJ a£h of conceffion. I am aucluirited afTurtd, that I (bail, on all occafions, takn 

to acqnaint you, that an aft has palTed the the mod fperdy atid efr«£^iiil meafuiM, io 

Sritilh Pjtfliament, ;o permit ^oods of Afia, the exerdfis uf tliof« jpwers witli which I 

AfirifiS^ or America, le^alty imponed ituo am inveited, for the reprefllid of ouiragt 

Irsland, to be imported f om theoce into and tumuir, and the protedioa of bis Ma* 

Great Bi iuin. This is a figual proof of her jedy's faithful and loyal fnhjeitU." 
attention to jour incer«d>— wiotd the con- — viH*— 

firmatuQ of the charter of the Kad India Scotland. 

Company, by the Pai li.iment of Ireland^ d.fw EJikturih^ yuij 17. Some d;iyt ago, theft 

plays on your pan a corJial zeal for the fup- were fuuudi aDo.< thi-ee mi'esfrora ilie town 

port of Great Britain, ami a judicious con* of Avr, in an old midden deail, a great 

iidera*ion of tlie grci anil clfciuiji incereds mnny ounces (pnibably rit>ai 20 to 30) of tbo 

of the Empire. 1 am to make m/ acknow- Silver coinagt ff Macy Qgeen of S.utt, con* 

lodgments for the many :alu(ary laws you fxUxtiz of tlie tedooni and the ha!f-ielloon0 

have ennfted to ttrengthen the Executive of Mary, Francis, and M.>n', including tbt 

Govcrnmooty Avhich will materially tend to years 1555 and 156 s and a great nutiy «f 

defeat the defigns of tlie encinies to tlie free- tlie Biliuu pieces, Jtum mm futu deimfU^mm 

dom and happinefs of thik kingdom. The Mro, the yean 1550, 1559* Titey Wt'reaU 

apprehenfions of embarraifment, which for conrai'ieJ in an earthen pot, wiiich a cour 

a time hung over Commercial tranCiCtidaf, acci>'er.t.dly bi-oke with hvr f Mit as Ihe wit 

were to roe a f^tbje^t of tlieutmodaiixitty : palll.ig over. Amo g Time ounco, which a 

and I am to retnrn yuy my tlianks fur f..nc- ge;Ulcm.in of GUIguw lias got, (Uere is tno 

tinning thofe meafures wluch 1 took, in rare and beautiful triloon, w:t:t Mary'^ heod^ 

fu|>port of Credit, and which 1 trud have 1562. They are MI io tl*e lii^helt preferva* 

had tl>e hapiMed efF<dt in preventing the 1*1 tioii, and mutt have been e^rlv iici^fucd, at 

ciinfeqiiences of (uch apprelienfu* .s. The none of ttiem hear» tlie tliidle damp, wtitch 

ipiric of difcoiitent, wh:ch prevailed amongd w.ts imprcfled on the fit ver coinage tne laties 

t*te lower claflcs ci the peoide at tht begin- part of her reign, ai:|i nn ftime of th-s cohii 

ningof the ScflitMi, h.it hurd into adts of or J.ime&tlieVl. hv v\ hich meais the current 

Riot and Infurrediun ; aiM I liave been u 1- value was incrCafed. Some oilier ot the 

der the pamfol necefhty ol emplo/ing His co'os have tlie follow* :ng mot' o«i'-—C»''MML'/# 

Mtjedy's Force>, whole tieadine is and good delide Dni^ln vhtvt9 tva khtrm me^^Fec/t 

comfnA have on all occaiiont been mtnifeited, viUaque vnvm.^^yicit If de trikv fitJa. — Jttm 

and bgr whofe exertitMis ii^e civil Magidrates nonfx ntdvo/tdvnticMrQ.-^SmhnmftK J*§/viim 

have been ecubled in a gieat meaibre to re- twm Dvmiu% 
ilore the general tratiqu'.ltiry. t7ru!er all the f * 

Ctriuniliaiices if the Country, i thunght it CouhTk v Ntws. 

prkijier to call forth a very ciHiTtdeiahle por- Ift/wid, Aug, 7. A few peals of thunder 

ttiio-«»f the Mtiiba of this K ngdom. 1 am weie licard lurt; this «<ay |. the li, htniug was 

to expftb Ht» Majefty's aoi'roKttion of a vivid and of long continuance, but at a great 

nivAfitre which oHorits at |>i rirnt m;itcrial didance. About 7 in the evening, a b dl of 

aflidance, and Uys the Counjatmn of a p^r- lire fell upon a houx A ^cVAX'Xv>>»i^T^t4cc w 

BKiotni Cond itutional Foi c«> that tm beta oulcs from \M4\ct, \ie on^\u^ v\^ VU .v::tw>K^«t ^ 
Gsm r. Mas, Aifgi^t '79S* ^viv^flA. 



;[6a HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. [^»g. 

divi<ted into two tenements, and occupied by compenfation for the innumerable m<feries 

Jon.Uhan C<tok and Allen Punt, tvuh labour- whic!' were the too fure atreivi.^nts» U;»of' a 

ers, which be.ng a tlia'cb-rcx)f, was (ooo m ftat- of warfare i tlut tl>c voice of R'- igon 

ii-ATve^, aid totally deilroycd, t igether with, wa-.- bai little heard amid ♦ the roar uf an 

all fh ir ftnniture. Punt anil hi*- wife were nont tlic ftir^uts of con«jucn)rs, and the fplcn- 

«t flipper by the fire-fide at the time. The dt urof viftory. In ?n'>ther p trt of his dif- 

ball rntered (he houfe ^jt the chimnev, mel- courfe, he faid that iel!:;n«and philoio-.-hy 

tNl fuch parts of the fi'"e-:roiis a^ ftjwrd in its foemed to have hui link wev^bt lu the couu- 

way, ftnick. th« poor man an one fide, burnt cik of the rulers of the woi M 
h'i<i arrii in a fhocV in;; m*nncr, and made fc- There were federal mi'iuiy gmtlcmen in 

\cral holes in lis i\ cking. His vvife re- the chuiCh, who t'onghi tlu- leimon i».<s (ta 

cei^e«l no hurt. 1 he roof < f Punt's dwelling- at:ack. u\Mm the Ccnititutiun of the c^vunrry, 

honfe was blown ott, ana fjllinft u|X)n aiid that it co laint-d improper retii-il o js 

Cook's fet it on tire. The chimney was upon ihe profeflio»»<.-» wliich ttvcy belonged, 
much i'amagfd, an<J 'he houfe wa^ fi.Ied Lail ni^ht I >r. Knux and his famdy were 

with fulphurei Ui fm« ke. in one t.f the boxos at tfie theatre: th^re 

(Further farticklan of the effeBinf thiijh,rm wcie alfo Icveral ofllwcrs in the l.ouf**. At 

ia 'Various parts of the country in our ruxt J the end ( f the pi y a note was l^.indcd to Di . 

Am^' "J. Tl»e workn^cn made pie pai at ions Knox by tfie hox-kefpf-r, l»nti«^, ih-t ic 

for t;!kiTi{; down the ciolV creAed to the w.is ihc defireof feveral(;entiemcn then pr«* 

memory of 'lUf en Ffeanor 1293, in the par fh fes t that he Oiould witfulraw. 1 he n».te 

of Chffunt, in order to rtmove it in^o >l.e lud no fignature; and Dr. Knox took no 

ground: of Get>rge Prcfv^ot, eU{. lord of ilie notice of it. Several olficers then l\ood Hp, 

manor, fur it^ better pre fervaii(Ni ; bu^, after and infilled on his leaving the huufe imnic- 

rcnwving the upper tier of Aone, finding it diaiely. 

too hazardous nn undpitkinK, on accoui.t of A fccnc of much confufion enfued, in 

the decayed ftaie of tieornamentnl part?, the which Dr. Ki ox endeavoured to addrefs him- 

fcaftold wa4 removed on tlie 20th ; and we felf to the company : he fait hiS ternon had 

he..r the proper meafures will be tallen to been mifonderitood — ^that he did not mean 

repnT this auticnt memorial of conjugal af- to convey any reflections upon the Co i(^i* 

feClioii. The like attention has been l.tely tution of the country, or to f^^eak difieifpe^- 

psTiii to *hat near Nontiampton, by replacing fully of tivi army in general, or of auy indi* 

the fteps round its b fe. viiUial in particular belonging to it. The 

Manckefer. j^uguH 17. A diflurbance tumult, however, flill continued ; and Dr, 

brr.ke out in Sal|{l>rd, whitb for a long time Knox v,'j& cuirpelled to leave the houfe. 
feibmed to jwrtcuil ^•'7 feiious confequences, ' ■■ 

and which continued fome hours before it HISTORICAL CHRONICLE, 

was quelled. An elegant monument is eretting, at tl e 

The caufe of tliis riot was nccafioned by ex pence of his widow, to the memory of 

fohis perfons hangiug up the eihgy of Paine, Brigadier General Hop , Lieutenant Gover- 

near the dwelling* honfe of one of his difti- nor of Quebec, who died in 1789. It is by 

plc<| who, not approving of feeing his mailer K c<»n, at the Niuih door «»f W'tflminfter- 

in fo exalted a fuu:iL»o?i, tiK»k lie freedom of Ahbry, «m the Weft fide of the fcreeu t»f tlic 

corv'^yng Jhe fame into Ws hnufe. tianfcpt, between thole of Sir Eyre Coot« 

The perfftn*; *Nh«> hail f^fpci ded the effigy, and the benevolent Joius Hanway, imme- 

feein^ the oijed of thOir fcoin and deteita- diaie^y behind that of Lord Chatham, 
tit.n thus daiingly ient)ved, it fjiled upon On the Lad ftde, next to Lord Chatham's, 

hitving it rctuined, when an altercation en- is a magnificent monument by Nollekens, 

fued, which was uUimiiiely the caufe of which has been erected 7 years, and wow 

biow^. alxut to be opene*, hut for want i.f the iu> 

In a (holt time a great number of people fcrpiion h.s been kept fto.n the f'.ght cf 'he 

were coUedcd, who, hearing the caufe of publiik (the «Jon«us of it), to the memory 

the dffputc, immediately pr(.ce«<dcd to demo- »f ihotc br »se men v\ ho dif :J in cnnfifvjviei.ce 

lilh the windows of this advocate f ,r atur- ot (!ur gl<uu.vis v..".o;ie of the \i\\\ of Apid, 

chy, which was fpteJily canicJ into clt.cl. i78z, of which Ki )w is a ct.py : ^ 

AH is tiow quiet. « Capt. ^v . liayn-r, Capi. vv . rJUir, Cnpt. Lord 

BfigUo/rf ting 21, I^ift $un<!ay tlie Rev. Robert M lonci^, ueic nioriar.y vsonnded 
Dr. Knox (« genlem m^knt'-A n m the lite- in the courlc of the nav..l cn^.igemeut 
rary woild as the author ( f levcial I'tf<>^, mvcr the command if Admiral birOcorgt 
&c.) prcichcd ..t Brighton chairch. He took Bridges R^:(iney, uiUie ixand xii of April, 
his text frnm St. Li.ke — ♦«Glift7 be to God mi-ccixxx-v 

" tfie hi^bel^, and on earth peace and good- In memoiy of their femices, the K^ng anU 

•* Will towards men!" In enlarging upon Parliament of Great Kritatn have cauf«xl iIms 

thts (ubje.51, he <poke in very iftioug terms Mo« iimcnt to be ere«5led." 
of tI:cCMl,-*ni -K K^f u WAY, niid f.id, that the On theiigbt and left aee a lion and lea- ■ 

•m/i'i of miltLjj pzrd'ia ivJi but a poor liovfc, wV.Vi ovUtv lx^uw&> ttaM*l uo'ohier. 



179J.1 HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. * 763 



Ik I a»\ in the center it ■ ooluiiiffi. having 
K Che t«>p of it ^ chenib. who with a rib- 
bm iiktntonded ro (q port the threu noedaK 
lioVf jpot qnixed; in the center of which is 
ta be that of Lor«1 Rr^it M nuicrs, who 
died m hie 24'.n yea**} Capt. Bayne wjt 50s 
Capt. m^r 4.1. 

Vn^mr the center ^indow, in the North 
Aile of Weftminller- Ahhey, is now «reAing 
M ^ffonnmerCy to tite memory, of Governor 
LotoD» who died 1 7 « • 

Aeenrate Lifi •/ the Stird if Agritultiirt,'^ 
The Ai ch)>ilh >p of C^'Uer'>ary ; the Lord 
Chmcellor ; the Archbi'hip of York ; Lord 
frefidetic of the Council l..oril Privy SeM 1 
Firft Lord nf che Tieifury ; Firft Lord of 
the Adfnir^Hy ; the Bi'hop of London 1 the 
Btlhop of Dor ham ; Lord Grenville, Mr. 
Doiid.«t Secretaries <if State \ M \{ler Oo- 
oeral of the Ordoanoij tlie Speaker of the 
Houfe of Commons . Prefideni of ih^ R'vyal 
Society I the Survevor General of Woods 
and lore^h; the. Surveyor Genet-at of the 
Crown Lands I the Duke of Grafton; the 
Duke of Buccleogh \ the Duke of Beiiferd | 
the Marquis of Bath ; the Earl of Winchel- 
feat the £ari of Hopetoiin; Earl Fsuwil- 
liam ; the Karl of Et^remoRt ; the Earl of 
Lonfdale: the Eifl of Mu;ra; ihe£arlof 
Caiysfoit; Lord. Hawkc; the llilhop of 
LUaiafF; LordCltve; Lord Sheffield ; RL 
Hon. W.Wyiulhat«; -\oty charleb Manham; 
Sir C. N4<:ri(.iii, Bart. William Pulieney, Efq* 
T. W. C(.ke, E'q. Thonas Powvs, Eft^. 
Henry DancomhCi Efq £. LoveOen Love- 
deoy Efq. John S. S »iyicrville, Elq. Robert 
Barclr^y, Elq. Robert Smith, Eiq. Gi-O'ge 
Summer^ Eiq. |ohn Conyerf, Etq Chnlt. 
WilUmgltbv, Ef(j. William ^'Jeary, Efq, 
Sir John Sincla<r« Bart. Prefident % 
Sir John Call, Bart. Treafurer; 
AithurYirang, Efq. Secretiry, 
The Board is empowered to nominate an 
infinite number of Hont)rary and CmTe- 
fponding Members, the f timer of whom 
are intitled to be prefent ax the delrberations 
of tiie Hoard, bnt h we nnc the privilege of 
votmg in any qiieHion agitated there. 

DOME.TIC OCCURRENCES. 
Monday Augujk 5. 
Chamberlain, th*? fo ipad, termina'ed a 
life marked by many ft range vicnlitndes. 
'He was foiuid guilty, at the lad Cro don 
ailizes, of having fome time iince committed 
a lo«Jcpad robbery, attended with many cir- 
cum (lances of cruelty, up'^nCapc Be'lamy, 
near Epl'oro ; and was this day hung on 
KeBAin;;ntoii Common, With a coinrr of 
the name of Vernon. Wxt fatfier, a bmcher 
in Lead<sTih ilUmHrkety dying whde he wa^ 
youn^, left him to tie cate of a mother, 
two fviolithly fond (o ex rcife any conrrouU 
Havmg no inclination for bufinefs, he was 
allowed to pafs his time idly, and \y\s mo- 
iher fave \mn m reigmM: aaaial iopply cf 



aooL to enable htm to live like a centte- 
man. She aifo occifionally paid his detiCf» 
which he wss by no queans ftunng to coii* 
trad. To fujplyy however, extravaeniKo 
with greater prodig:dity, he h 'd 'r^oonrie to 
robbf nr, and was twice ciipir.*Uy conviaf^, 
but h id the good chance to get the punifh* ' 
ment commuted for.tranfppaatio'n. ' €^ tlio 
firfl eotivi<^lion he «a< pemitted to tranfpdit 
himfelf, which he dtd. m Ireland, tiU p^rtof 
his time was expired, and the reft reurttedf 
he alfo got off the lecond fentence ;' aod hit 
mother, dyloK about tlie f >me time, left him 
toyoool. Ht w.is now feriouAy advifed \o 
retrieve his cltiraAer; and. that li» miglgt 
not have tlie temptatirtn of wailt, the exrcil* * ^ 
tor of his mother'e will fuffbied him rd drair 
upon him at diicrction. But fe indiiiBrlnsU 
nate a iife did he make of this inihilgttnc*, '. 
that, in lefsthan three veai^ nearhr alltlio 
money wasexhaufted. Me has for fome timo 
eat)(^«^d by depredations, and was taken for 
a houfe ntbbery - Wliile in pr f'>ni Mrs. 
Bella'Uy (fee o. 571) recognized him i and, 
at the a^e of a3» he IMbred for a i^iH* 
hery committed two years tiefbreV after 
fquandering a r^pe^sble fortune.- ^ He de- 
meaned himfeif deceo:ly at the gallows ; and 
his hods was taken a^vay in a hearfe. 

lyedr^dMy 7. 

The H<irfe*r.uaids took pofTefliGO of the 
new-ere6ted barracks at Afhted near Bi^ 
mingham. 

St/nday I r. 

At Bourton on the Water, Glouoefterfhir^, 
it i$ r«pp()fed more than lo-^o p'^ople were 
atfembUd to hear a ffmi<le Enth -fult, late a 
Met:KHlilt, but now am mg the Quakers ; 
the ncigliboarhotxi weieeKcepdi^.^lyuiarmed, 
and the p^o|>le ver)* noify and damoroos. it 
is hoped the Qnaker% as a refp'ctablef'iciety, 
will prevent tliefe popular tumoks, by inter- 
dicting the future wandoriogb gf this igiuiraut 
and reiUefs innovaror. 

Friday 17, 

The Gazette Ex:raordinary ivf tlie 14*8 
inO. hnving noticrd a renrontm in wh-cli 
his Royal Highnefs Prince Erneft 15 faul **U» 
have been peribnaUy eng.iged, and to havd 
diftinguiAied ^limfelf," it may not be unac^ 
ceptable Co (hii re iders to know the follow* 
ins p'trticulai^, whi.h may be depei^ded 00. 
His Royal Hl^hne^ had been ordered out 
with a det;)chmen( (if Ha>iO'.erdn horie» 
whidi, meeting with -i p?ny of the French^ 
(ell Q\>on them fwnrd-iii-hand. 1 he French 
werefoon difj^erfevl ; but his Royil Highneis, 
being led on too far bv che ai dou cf youth 
and the impecuofity of tue attack, f lund 
himfdf fur rounded b" lour or five Fin.ch 
troopers. Ihitf of th-fc amie ! a b.ow at hiS 
he<itl with a I'thre, wiui.h, ^>ng turned by 
his hehpr-r, did title mifvh < f > he Pnnce 
Ihot him dea<i wi.h a ^idvA. Vl^AVN^SAa 
;<nother Frenc^i ♦roo^*tt \vA ^^\.Vv\v\ A voi 
Royal Ui£htttK« bcVtj iawBu«v^\»\«vfi^>x^^«^ 



764 HISTORICAL GHRONiei^E, [Aug, 

•(Thi^ihorf^; but he received the Pnnct*! Isft into the town. One pteot of eannoa 
fire in the (houUter, which difahled him i aad a few prifont-n were tMk«^. The ar- 
and this we an«Wrftand to be the man whom dour of Che troops carried them further in thf 
. his Royal Highnrfs (parried off a prifuier. purfiui than wa» iofinnde'^ fo that they camo 
Lieut. Col. I^infinx in Che mean ticne came under the c'«nn«4i of the place, hy whtch 
op te the Piincts't relief. in«)i)9 ;| coniiderahle lefs has been fuftaincd. 

Tuefday 27. "^^^^ ^'^^ likelier to hnppen, and more diffi- 

EictraA from dif patches this morning ro- wit to be prevented, from tha nature of tlw 
ceivedby the Right Hon. Hen. Dtindas. country, wbidi it covered uich trees and 

^amp n/ar Du'ikirk. Atg. I At i^^l' i\>'ong enclofures. Lieut. Gen. 0.ilt»n was 
His Royal Higlmefs mArchcvl from Forncs killcii with a cannon (hot towaids tlm con- 
Of) the evening of the aid, with the be- cluiion of the au^ck. The lofsof thisekceU 
iieginf army, to attack th« camp of Glii- lent officer mnll be feverely f^lt. Tlie cou* 
yelde, and approach the town of Dunkirk, rage and ability, which he has difpla}ed in 
He advanceii in three colamr:^, the caValry «>« courfe of many campaign;?, raifed htm to 
along the Arand, a~ column of infantry upon the higheft rank of eftimation in the armjr 
the road which leads by the c«nal difeaiy in which he ferveJ. His Royal Highnett 
upon OhiveWe, and a third to the Itfc. The has likewiie to bment that of Col. EM, of 
advanced po(l<i of the enemy were driven the Colditream regiment, and of other valu. 
hack, with the lofs of two or three men aWc pocq. The troops behaved with ctieir 
yifDonded ; and, night comtog on, the ene« iifual courage. Tint two Britilh bat« 
my lialted within a ihort diOance of the vil talions whirh were engaged were com^ 
l.ige of Ghivelde. The enemy abandoned maoded by Oil. Leigh and Major Matbe«V9, 
Sh«nr caipp ifi the night; tliey afterwards and the greoadinr battalion of the Heiitant by 
fjuittjsd a redoubt in whicli thay left four Lieut. Col. Wurmb. Uis Royal Highnefs is 
iron (;]ne, and the army took up its ground particiiLn ly fcnfible of the exertions of M;ijor 
jwithm a league of the town. There was a Gen. Aherciombie and Major Gen. Veroeck, 
great deal of firing in tlie evening at the ad- who were witli the advanced guard, as lik«. 
▼ai^ced |)o(ls in the gardens anJ inclofures, wife of thofe of Lieut. Gen. Wurmb. Ttie 
which are in fhont of the c:imp and upon the lirmy h^ve taken up the gmund which^his 
Dunes, in which die regiment of Starray Royj^ (I ighneffsiotenUed they (hmild occupy; 
^n4 0*J)ot^nt\ ( Auflrian) luve bad upwards tlie advanced poft witiiin a ihort diftance of 
of 50 men killed and wounded ; theeaemy the town. Ja. MuauAY. 

were driven back, and this morning every P. S. In the hurry of m.tking up the la/I 
f hing is quif^. Tlie army will this day ap* difpatch, the names tif the (tvo pods taken 
proach nearer to the towQ, and take up tlM by Field- Mar/hnl Fre^Ug, and of the bridge, 
ground which it is tq occupy during the could not be inferted. Tlioie of the former 
Sege. Tlie enemy have made an opening are War mar the and Eckellbecb, and the Lc^t 
10 the dyke of tlve canal between Dunkirk ter Lefibrii.ck's Hocke. 
juid Bergu^, by which means they can i he return of the Aullriaa kiUed and 
inundate a gre:<t part of the country from woundeil hat not yet been rteeived, but is 
the fei. 1 he inundation made confidrrahle fuppofed to be a^ouc 170 men. 
progrefs yeftf^alay, hut it madQ little in the Ftuiay 30. 

nii>ht. ' FteVd Marfhrtl Fieytag has taken twq T|ie pofttloQ takco t>y ilie Duke of York 
cf the ^emy's poft$, with four pieces of isthem<'A judicious im.igiiiable,.indti)emuii 
fapnuQ, ai>4 ^o prtfoneis, wiih very little favourable to the be)[iegers. It is between 
lofs) aiidhe )vill trar^frnit an account of his tlie cinal leading from Dui>k»k to Ftirnes 
operations as fooQ ns his other imptirtai^t oc- and the fea-lho|e| w^ere apptiMcties may ha 
cupations will permit. It is ;aid the enrrpy made cloie to the fortificatioiib of eaith lately 
tre fending coofiJeiaMe reioforcemtnts from throwa VP on the E 11 fi^e of the town, 
LiQe to the camp at CafTel. J. Muaj^ av» Smurd*y ; i. 

JVednfJt^y 28. A u ell- informed Enghih g«sii|]eman, who 

The fbHowipg dif patch was this naorning arrived lad Sunday fiom Atneiica, uliere h^i 
jicceived, by Mr. Oufidas, from CqL J.vme» h^^ redded feverai y^a'S, and lived in habit^ 
Muiray. o* iijt:m.i.y with the Piefulcnt and many of 

Lefffr'mcV* Hpflff Aug. a6, 1793. the moil Ui tioguiibcd meinbei:| of the Uni* 
His Royal Hi?.hnefs intended upon the ted S(ate5, fay», Uiat nt^hmg is more oit^aiK 
a4th to attack tlie enemy, vrUi were ftill fiom their iiiteniio<v or more veppgitant tQ 
pohed at feme difiaoce from Dunkirk, in il»«ir wifti^*, than a war with tUis counir>', 
Older to ge( po0cffion of the ground uh^ch Secure in the bofom of Peace, and happy in 
it was neceffary to occupy previous to the theii- agricultural and commercial purfuits, 
fiege. They haftened the executtoa of his tlicir de&re is to live in anity with all na* 
aefign hy attacking Uic out-pofts bet ween the lions. They arc pei fortly fei , able of the ru- 
ama) ot famct and the lea; Licni. Qen. in<ius confequencrs even of a lucoefisful M-ar^ 
Daltftn filvAnctti wkb ike nfei-ve, which was and know tlu*i, in tlicir fTefent h. nation, they 
mncatrjiex' %^x»i than fuh^ u, (heir fuppon, are tiot ma ca]^<(;u^ v;> cucataeuce holtilv^ 
nfi cacBoj w§f9 npuliciij Jiiii ttfireo with Ims- 



'<99>3 ^^y^^i^t9^^^(>rriaimin^mrt§00mifirmir^ 765 



• F.)ff. Mr. fUbrVbWfll, IbedtbnfiBd Itifeof tbtboaibkitaniflbrd-pUcc^aiidlhB 

Jbr the etltrity with whicb be ptrlbriiMd teninm of all dhar hooCw. TheHoiW 

hw y^dblea M Muri to iWi wMbyn at Horfe* Join TiPwr, h» Lartihip*i fecood fiii^ h« 

^Hil^MnrLMsioToiWM'^Jnthefeir aa imaitjrof i^ioetol. io «Ukiaa t6 tli» 

i;pg4» Ma cppe CD tonlon in f 761, and ibrtOM provided for hioi to Uw lartV nw» 

aiMed UnlMf toMi anoniey in tite Tem^^ riasa-ftmnkot. OolooU Talboc^ of iba 

pW, lakhHrhom be (jsrvad bh darUiip. In guards and the Rer. Mr. Talboti hh Loni« 

97*4 I9 aiMieitook. ta go ca nilet oa the M^% bcothan^ hava each an auoniiar of 

aatfiraoriinlefifihoiirfy which Ha accom- |ooLiiirlilby nd a lagaqr of 500L T^ 

fdifted in the tamai having i^on« die firft lea fitoo. Mfk Fkanoii Che^wyadf hit tonK 

■pilci in (ana hoar, akhough coconaliefid Ihtp'k aant» Kai a legacy of jooL Mrv 

:anib a great coat and kaUiar breeches. Wa Tower, of the Waald, ih Fflex» and MiW 

are aflbrad that he vtfited i^^eral parti of Wilby of SCaflbrdfiiira, the azacoion, ham 

Switaeriaod and Pme^ where be walked socL rach. The Sarft ialaraft in c«iaai 

aoo milai beyon d Paria, and gamed much aftaaaa bi StaflbnMhha^ wbkch were diargai 

nraift there* In 1773 he trav^lad on foot in hie marriaga-fintlamamt with the pjy* 

iriMi London to York woA back agfbi (a aient of 1550L annoally to the Caunieii, aa. 

^ftanca of 40a lailef) in 5 daqrt and ti part of her jolrttQia^ heleavaatohiaaUaft' 

hoora. In 1786 be walked 190 nilei on wn and his hevi^ with remabkiar to lifa 

tta Bath road fai 13 boon and a qnaraar, yooogar Ibo, and fo on to che befara ef bia 

naming in three qnaitera of -an boor bafaaa other eftataa for ever. Several of bia Lonl- 

ihe axpimion of the time agmed upon, in fliip'^ Cmraoii have firtall Ic gacica . ■■Tha 

.1787 he want from Cancarbdn^ to London- coifieil Hatai, that whereai hu hnahar^ CoL' 

M^ Mid beck s^abi in ^4 houn. The TOIbot, la bidabced to hMD in the fum of 

foUowiog year. 1789, ba engaged to go bit 1500!. and mtharaaa the Eatl was joinufeoa* 

fiivonritai'vnrnajr frnoi Vandott to York'and try with bba m a bond Hor 600L reoeiaol 

back bi fixdayf, which ha executtd bi 5 tbr bka nto, k Sa bia bonbblp^a biiai4iQ0» 

days and ao hours. Alter this he did not pMt the 'bequefN of the. legacy and the an* 

ondertake any journey till the year 17909 ottity hefdre-mantioncd fliall not Calca pUoa 

when he fee off to walk from Londrm to till the debt of t50oL Ihall ha?e been dil^ 

York aud bacli again. Ha was allowed fix ciiargedy aod the bond given up 10 his Lonl* 

days to do it, and accompNfhed it in 5 days ihip's eaecotorSf to be deftroyeJ 



and tg hours. He performed the iame joor* 
aey in 1792, in 5 days 15 liours and a quar- 
t«r I and this b fnppoied co have oceafioned 
his deaths— -Fow«ll ieems to have confidered 
his wonderffd agility as a circnmftaoce fitxn . 
which he derived great glory. He defpi&d 
wealth ; and, notwithitanding his many op- 
portunities of acquiring money, forty pounds 
was the larfeil fum he ever made at one 
timCf' and then it pr/>9e<K!ed frera the gene- 
roixty of his fricnils, who raifed it among 
tiierofelvesi by fubfcriptiun. 

P. 480. His M^getty has been pleafed to 
iitttle a penfion of 661. per annum on the 
eight children of the bte Mr. Flint, the mef* 
fengeri who wa^ nnfortunacety killed abroad 
by (tie vetttiming of a pa(^-chaife ; hke* 
wife 661. per annum un Mrs. Flint. 

P 484- The will of tlie late Earl Talbot 

ie dated March 29, ^788 ; and t'lvre is a co* 

fiicil dated Match i8i 1790. The Coontefs 

hi^all*he ]fivrt\%f dtam(Mi«ISy «tnU peKoail 

ornaments, which were in her pDlfeflion at 

thr time of his death* or in that of any other 

p«rfon for her ufe, or whici) were ufuul'y 

woin hy her. She has alfo :ill the h> uu 

hold futn^rtire, pi;ite| and piAure^ (^xcept 

lund^-pi£^ures)» in the houie at Straifoid- 

pLce: .rid the pnvilege of refniing there 

f^r one ve.tr/ifier his death, without paying 

y«it In mi>ney Ihn ha!» a legacy of iccol. 

Ill Ym paid out oJf'i1)« firfl fttms at ifing u* the 

c^ecui^^rs; an^i <f n anno ty '<v' lu'e of 4c^L 

payable to herfel/ or her :tiii^n^, in ati(f:nc#n 

to tier jomtare, Ibj yuut;g tjrl las tlio 



P. 577. For ** Mr.-—- Drfrf/efan,'* read 
** MonklMiafe DeWdKbn, efq. partner uith 
the bte Sirthomai RawlinfiM, in whiek 
houfie he got a gieat fiNtane." 

P. 676. The late Or. Nichobtf BofeaweA 
married Mrs. — — Haitoo, the widow of a 
linen*draper in Newgata^fbeeC* daughter off 
Mrs. W«x>dwardt who long kept an amU 
nent boarding- houle at Eton, and fiftei-in*. 
lew to Dr. TlMckeniy, whom Dr. B. ftrved 
as curate at Haydon in Cambridge(hiiv» where 
he married the faid widow. See p. 70S. 

P. 677. Mr. Preilon, the late celebratad 
brewer of Oxford-llreet, properly called 
** the firfl ale^broArer of tlie a^e," was re* 
pularly brought up to the brewing hu'iiteC^ 
from the yge of 13, in the houfe of Scace and 
Price, by hki undc, Mr. Price. Mr. I'reltua 
did HOC furvive all hiS poruiei^, a> Mr.Stace» 
at the age of 75, is now living, retired from 
hofinefsy at a hne houfe 00 the edge t>f Sof* 
feX) near to Lamberhurl^i in Kent. On Cha 
death ot his uncle, m 1776, Mr. PreAong 
who never had any anmexKiti wich diftillert^ 
focceeded to the bvifm<f f» ot the houle,whicb^ 
b^ iii!» own pei'lonwd ahiiitiea., Ikh fince be« 
Come the tint in London. Hik fucccis m cha 
manu'actui'e t.t what i» caJieU AMBsa^ of 
which there is fo gieat a cunfumiHion uiuier 
th- n;ime of Pokl, equaled his ikiU m 
nrewiug that fine a:e wmcti !ias Ims been 
fold in the public gardens under t'lc de .o«, 
min^ti«»n ui 1&uk\o«i ak{\<\ vvvi^c.'«<^^'»\ 
and which} wo \uv^eTV\ai\^, v<\\\ <.v\v\vvv.\i* v^ 
bo Gamed ou ia Um nasoA ^ Vva\^o ^.^'i^^cv^v 



766 



Births and Mar)riag$$ $f fnfiiirahU Pirf§mi [Aug,. 



I«is. ^fr p. IS '^iipn f-d to ':ave iStS woith 
^yOC'C'). An (III) nephew^ andtf/^i'^of ^)r. 
P*> s Mr. pi'il! ps, well k?i"wu a> piin^-rof 
••Tlie *.<i'''/lt»i lie- -tl<i, ' and as a bw^Afci- 
ler» whuf** .?^i itiej- ud arrive Iptrit, h, ftr k- 
ii^o«iC a». t n •r**' new line of buftn* f^, ha e, 
WQVi^^rfi^ I m v^'"'*'"'* 3ily cnfpicuous in 
|jeKe^rr!lii c :in<' ibe nei. hbcuhu!; couptks. 
P. 67H. .'he prefent Pr. 1 aiif:oi,of Leei's-. 
c^f^l , is th'. r4»n of Fr.mce' tite la^e Lord's 
fi'eu.utio minied M». Martin, of Ltx'fo^ 
»i%! had t>4o funs, M j r M itm :<nd the 
Rev. J>cnny TvIaFtin, meniioncti a*^i»vc Mr. 
Mnrt n '» '' the I'ving c f Lt?%ls 'n K.*nr, and 
look ti;c D/tm : uf F:«i £i)C fume yotus at;o. 

Births. 
Ju^ A T Flortnce, the Latljr of Laagford^ 
^r. ^-^^ HcylajiJ,«'f(i. a d.jviphler. 

[.^tf)t 111 Eccl'is (tret, Dubhn, tlie iady 
cf lol. C:ow'n.y, a y'z i^lif<r. 

At st-p) eu'»-p,roen, Dublin, Vifcouniefi 
Mcun'^c.'flie*, a Ion. 

h. V\o\\t>-iU*'cif Dublin, the Lady cf Ro- 
bert 1 borj), efq. a daiiihltr. 

\n Gr.at George A leer, Rutland- fcjuare,. 
Pn' lin, th • Lndy of Artliuv-Hciiiy d'Eilcrrc, 
efij, a I'.-ujhicr 

In Tc'"p*e-ftreef, TX^blin, tli« Lady of 
m'm. Nevieii^Min, a fon. 

At Brn<ik>^ili> co. Mayo, in Ireland, tho 
Latfy of Jofepli Larnben, < fq. a fen. 

At Mount Mafc-d, in Nonh Ciav, Ireland, 
Ibe Hoi> Mrs. Madi'ocks, a d;tu:;h\er. 

At Bal)^ dogh, the Lady of the Hon. Geo. 
liiffey, a daughter. 

At &«l!ychane, the Lady of Codfity Maf- 
iey, efq a fon. 

At Fortfjr.outh, the Lady, of Capt. Otway, 
of his Majedy's fhip iioyiie, a daugh er. 

At Tonl ridge well?, llie Lady of >u Tho. 
Byke Ackland, b..rt. of Kcllt-it>>n, a fon. 

At his ftai at SuUiarnl^ead, near Reading, 
the Lady i.f Geo. Morgan, ef«|. a fon. 

At his feat at FiedviUr, Kent, the Lady of 
John Plujnbtrce, efq. a dingluer. 

At his (r4t at Mylt;!*-, in Kent, 'he Lady 
of the Rev. Sir Jgl.n F;'ji3,bait. a daw^hter. 

In Patk Qrect, Gr^ fvenor-fqua. the Lady 
of J. Prirfsp, cfq a U»n. 
■ At his hcufe in U)w r T^eikelcv-Orcet, 
lAatichefter- fquaif , the L.ttly of Mi(.hael 
pmiDtjef.). of Maple Derl^am, a fon. 

The Lady of Ba«tt«dt»mew Rinld, efq. of 
Cower- lirefct, B d^ord-fqai. a fon ai>d heir. 
At his h'Hilc in Lower ^c, mour ftrect, the . 
l*viy of .Gtorge Poyntz Ricfceiis, efq. a Ion 

Mrs. Tieiney, of Upper HarUy-ftrcet, 
9 d.mghter. 

j4itg. 2. At Florence, the Grand Dudicfs 
of Tutcany, a printcfs. 

9. At his Luidfhip's houfc in Hanovcr- 

f«iuare, Lady Vtfcounicls Mount i^uart, a (on. 

9. Ar hi^ h< ufe in Yoik, the Lady of ihe 

ffey. Roht t Hvnfot), vicar of Ueckingtun, 

€o* Lin. '•/'». n ( n. 

x> At ius houfc in Boltoa-ihxetf Picca- 



dilly, the Lady of Scrope Bernard, efq. M. 
P. for Ayl»^fbojy, a fon. 

At Hatfi-ld, Herrs, the Marchkmefs of 
Salifbur , a daughter 

iS. At Lord Fredrrick Campheirs, .in 
Arlington ftiett. th-s Lady of Henry- George 
Ji4mlt >n, efq. a fon. 

At vv'oodford, bi^ex, Mrs Godfrey, a fon. 

19. At M.^rwelUhoa'c, H;iiit>, the Ladyof 
Qeorge DuC! e. cq a d:iiight«r. 

a . Thr. L»iy of Jo^m Taylcr, efq. of 
Neuf Broad-flreet, a d.4ugl»tcr. 

iS. At b's Lordibip's honfe in Savilie- 
row. Lady George- Henry Cavendllh, a fon. 

Markiaoes. 
yuly A T Mansfiwld, Rev. Jn. Parfon^, to 
^2. Xm. Mifs Limlly. 

2 5 Kev. Charles Coatee, vicar of Prefton 
and 0(m;«,7ton, co Dt^rlet, to M.f» Kn.glit, 
of the F«»rbuiy, Rrailmg. 

By ft ccial licence, Hon. Jan^es Ca»ilfield 
Biowre, eldcft fon r.f Lot J Kilniainr, to the 
Hon. M f« ravcn'ilV!, i5an^h: 1 i»f Sir Henry 
C. hart, if Doveridg::. ci». Dei by. 

28. At Micklel.anr;, in Surrev, Alex-^n^ler 
d'Arblay, elq. a French gentlennan, to the 
ceIeV>ruied Mi(s Buiney, daughter of Dr. li. 

29. Ch.rls Conftable, cfq. yer.ngfft loft 
of Wm. Maxwell C, cfq. of Lvcringham, to 
Mifs h. Stanley, fiftcr of the late Sir Wm. S. 

Wn). Li'lt-r, M. D. of" New Bridge- ftjeet, 
to Mifs Soliv, fecond daughter of Ifiac S. cfq. 
of St. M.u-y-Axe. 

Mr. Wm. Ceare, of Newgate-fbeot, wine 
ard biar.dy-roerch. to Mils Amelia Ret^h^^ad. 

30. Sir F.dward Aftlsy, hart, to Mk. Bui- 
len, of WeynD'Hith-fliect. 

31. Rich. Glt'de, efq. of M^yfieKI-placc, 
Orpington, Km , to Mifs Maitha Older- 
ihaw, youiigcft daughter of tliC late James 
O. cf«|. of Le;ce(lei, and ft *4;r toihc Itnioi* ' 
fellow of Fmanuel-college, Cambiit^ge, and 
to t^ c l.idy of Rev. James Douglas, F.^.A. 

j-fu^. I . Mr. Hawoi th, jun. uf Hull, nier- 
chant, to Mifi. Spoffbrth, of Howd.-n. 

3. Felix Whiimi»rr, cfq. of i^ambeth- 
martli, to Mifb Rolls, of Hermondfcy. 

5 Francis Bu'"abtt,tfq.of [■'.. remark, Der- 
by, to Mifs S-jpluaCou'ts, ymuipeft daugh- 
tei of 1 hoii as C efq. hanker, iu tlie Strand. 

6. At Huntingdon, Rev. 1 ho. TroUope, 
to Mifs Tn^lK^p.*, of the fame place. 

8. At Shawh.uy, co. Salop, Mort.ton Ag- 
lionby Slau y, efq. of Shitfnal, to Mils Cor- 
bet, o»ly il .u^;IVerof the late Rieliaid f^ryncc 
C efq. o{ lli^h Haticn, uiiJ niece to Andrew 
C.fcf*|- ofbliawbury park. 

10. Mr. John Latham, of Romfcy,Hants, 
to Mils* Po! ler, of ^ hertfcv, Surrey. 

11. AtChcltcn, Rob Cr.«u.uid,erq. eldcft 
fon of S.r Hew C hart, of Jorda- Jull, to Miiis 
Mi:fluirony d'Uphier «t the late Dr M. of 
York, fonnerly pliyhcian-generaltotheBri- 
inh forces in Qax many. 

II. Mr- Slack, of Maochefler, to Mi& 
iroiunou&tr, v>l "lXtV>>j • 



1793*1 Marrutgts and Dtatbs rf tanfiJtrabU Ptrfins, 



7«y 



13. Mr. jAmes Bnntt, to Mifs Eliz. Far- 
row, boChot l^iighbi>roii];Ii. 

14. Sir Gilbert H'-at^coir, hart, of Nor- 
miiu-in, CO. Rutjam^y :o Mi^s M h.r fs, viad! 
<tf the Ijle John M. clq ofXir»ni'ian. 

T^. Rev. Mr. r\iil».,rt', o.f BiiicvJor<«, to 
M'fs Guru*!', of Nuru.'ll, co. Nutij'^' ; m. 

i5. Rev. 1 ho. Ta)Kn, xciV-x of Jfi.ncou- 
Ai>., to, Noifi.Ik, to Mrs. Wa;:-, rcUA of 
Jolii^in^lry W, cfq of Norwich. 

1 3 Mi.Reeve, h.:l-ii».inuT'ioimfiV''^ Milc- 
tllil, to ^'ifs 'Krrk'iM ^\ « r 'ri,h;|.ci<Tift i^c. 

19. 'oht^ Lviich Flinch, »fq. Ion of .\n- 
d'cw F efq. of M'lrhirr, Surt-y, to Mtfs 
Elizii Daicl!, .'.au. -f M O. efM. of C:.bh-.H. 

20. At Ca itt r, T\t?s Pelciboioush, Mr. 
H,:ic, to Mifs, I a.ng. 

I'tUt^h'^y, f(Ni of Loid M^iU^icion, to .Mils [ino 
Lavs ley, lU dau. of (tio la'e bir Kob. L. bait. 

Df. \7 US. 

I79t. TN his 72d year, "f.!. Ant. Loui% 
Jl/.ivi9.1 ffcrctary cf Uic Academy of 
Surj^ery at Paris. 

June 7. At Bnxrir, in the F;**1 Indies, Mr. 
Reuben Hiirrow, a • ■;.Mfl«iih«*d aftr.)iioni*:r 
and mithcni:-.tic»;ii, \Kh.'ft: i)i.f-T\.'4iii't)^ have 
app<i.irfrd in t!\e *• Afi.VwiC Refr.irchcs" 

yiug 11. Gct)r;;c Duixn^, of Dand;:«", cfi;. 

•onm'..mdcr of the W inter o;> l-'alt Induiman, 

unfortuintcly ;vi fh d (tec i'-7$?) '» the 

wreik of lh:it veilel, near M.uia.^aicar, a 

vidtim to hii huTianity and aiteiiuon »o the 

patftnj;er, not out of whom was loft, the 

tlucc I.til.estMat died havin:; fuJfored laoup.h 

f.iiigu; af.cr 3= ititij; to la.ul. Mr. D. the 

c'licf o' ilmr aniieof :v d dillm^.niihed f.^mily, 

only fiHi of James D. ot D. M. V. for 

Linhth'owlbiie, by J.inc, I'.^.u 'Jir.r of Wil- 

ham, i^th Lord Por>«, u'.ib bom .11 Thou- 

Iwufc in I*iv.nce, while !);s p;ir3jus w.ra on 

their tj-avels abnrad, O.'^obcr r, 1751, 

edu.atcd at the free fchobl of Houghton le 

^,'>riiig, CO. Durlum, and made feveral 

Voyages to Beng d and China, .is mate of an 

Eatl Indtaman. On his lad voyag'S home 

from India, in lh:\t capacity, the velfcl w.is 

rickonrd m fiidi iniminet^t th.njjer, t'l.it the 

OoiUcil and rroft exfcr-rnccd Icmen, 

ofliceis and ail, thiew thcmfeWefi down on 

t)ie deck in ilefpair. Mr. D. was the only 

perfon ut^apjvdled at the appriach of d-ath ; 

and lii'; example and exhort.-^rioDs operated 

fo f >rcibly as to rv>uzc the men to exert 

tficmfelves in fo vii^orous a manner, th.-it the 

ihip was favcd and bronght io:o Plymmth, 

tlM)iif,h in a molt dil'iftroub fi'iurioa. At 

thcgeBfr.il clediion, in 17B41 Mr. D. ftooil 

COiididatr for the c«.UMty of J^iuliih^OW, but 

without fuccefs; and in 178*^ wa*; ai poi itcd 

iflPthe comnnnti cf the Wintcrt.n^, \v;th 

which he failed fir India; whence n:tiirn- 

uit; in 1790, h:; agiain depaited on his l.tfl 

uiifottonate voyage, m Apn', 17^2. He 

mtmcJ, Pec z^, 1784, Chiilhaiif (ecwuX 

4xuibier oi ^ir WiWam Sterling, otAid(K[%, 



by whom he has lift three daughters* wnH m 

poiti'U.ii.>tu» to- y j.n.ieb I) ol D b-MD iMk 
'4» «7*»3> '*^® iwciiiv-t!iifd gener-itttiii of 
ths honourable fami'v, w)*-ch \ as been, (or 
nr>M ..u'* c»f 700 yens paft, fcated 4U t^m 
nui-ls c.m\I« of Diimias, in Welt Loih;]iii, «hI 
yield to n<Mie in Sco l.uid, wheth«r reis«r(i«4 
in point ff antiq ity, or of ili«i number «f 
C'»nl"|»icu<MU indivTtlud^ ;ts difl-.-i^nt branch** 
have pi-uducifd, tfpecially iri "the i^rfenK 
ceiuury. . Of 264 patfengers, fcl ficr^, jtad 
fe.im n, no Icf-. ti\an 222 go', fife to I >. d^ 
whdc the gallaiit commani er, a«i.l his !irilt 
nnte, with a degree of uufentiun to tt;4:«i« 
felve-,of which tie prcfcot days furnlh l««r 
ex'imple , r'cll v.^l ms :o ih.ir hum mity, 

Njv. 27. At Alh, near S tndvv'ich in Ktnl^ 
Mrs. l.hz.nbeth N'jIb.U, wifer of Oie Rtv« 
Nehem.a I N. 

/)'t- .... In his ^^.t'l year, tr We^Hreft, 
nfar AOiroid in Ken:, M r. J unes MiUsn, 
farmer an I m dcm.an. 

' 7)3' ?'*'*• • • • • A^ Torola, in the ^V«ft 
Indies, afcrafcw days illiie|«, aged aVtit 
39, Mr. Charles- .\i»qufliiS Well, f.irgOkWi 
iiiihtt ifland, where hii mennory will bt 
1 ^v^ riveted. H« his i-K th ; IhiIk of hit 
ft#iliiiie ti» his bro'.'ier .lod f.im.ly. 

•iO. At Alh, nrar Sandwich, aged 67, Mil» 
Rch-ccah Kin.;^r*id. 

Fib. 17. At Pc.'.f-cola, Mr Mac GiM'.vnv^ 
a Crick ch.cf, vcrv rouci l.i no.ii»;i. by rlioi« 
wlio knew him b«ll. Thcie h^^^peti.do 
be at thir lims a: Pcnfiola a tmmnn^s 
band (f Ciejk«, who watched his liLnifl 
wi h th; mo.t mirked anxiety; aini Ah It 
h.s dentil wa< an lounced to them, a id wtil« 
they followe I him to the gi*3ve, ii is im|K)f« 
fiole for words to defcrihe tlu: loud fcre;i.nt 
of re \\ wi*e \> hich tlicy rent d in their wi* 
affected grief. He wa?, by hi f.rher's rid«» 
a Scouhm.in, of the. refpcvMable f i i».!y of 
Drniunagl.tfs, in inveraef Ihire. The vij.^uc 
of liis mind *)»rprca.Tie tfie dtfadvnntagr&of ad 
education h^d in the wilds ef AmertC-t; ^kI 
he was well ac(j>iaintcd w;th all tlie tw*^ 
ufeful Ruropean fciences. In the la'terp^rf 
o^ liis li^c h? compt)fod, wlt'i gre.it carei tb« 
hirtory of fev3r.1l cl.iU-'s of tlie origin U inna* 
bifauis of Ameriv a ; and thii ho ititende4 CO 
prefent to Profeilor Roher fon, for pubiici^ 
tion in the next eJiiion of his Hiltory, Tht 
Eui-0|>can and the American writer are iv»if 
nomoie; an I the M5S of the latter, it il 
fe.ired. have peri'b-.', for t:ic Indians adhert 
to t?icir cultom of dullniving whatever iHA* 
uiinate oSicds a dead fi leavl molt dehgbtei) 
ill. U is o ily I'lfioe Mr. Mac Oillivrty h 'd 
infl e-x-* .Mi0Mj;ft them, thil they have luf« 
fsred th.c (l.ivcs of a deceafed mailer to livot 

1^. At Folkiloi.e, j.gjd ;7, Mr. 1 hoin^ii 
Farl-jy, Ciipw iyh', .inU one i»l t»C jma f of 
tliat C'MPO'-.co'i, of which he had f«v«(«Jl 
timcb tctn in.tvnr, 

cfi;. of LapA\\-tiu»le, ucac U .W Ov»exv\ w* 
WorccHoc. kttt rctnjuu^ viw^ Wa-i^xv'^ xti 



}68 Wttmfif unfiArsHi Pirfifts; wM Bi§grapbicalAfUcdrtis. [ Augj 



Hales Owen cfanrch on the ift nf Mareh.-* 
^Ir. H. WAS a man uracil reCiieded 6y adl 
«'Iki hail the pleafuit of hi& aoqiuintance. 
His company was at once e^eitainiog at)4 
inAmetive. He was fond oC anlMjukies ; had 
a c<xiJ colledl'w'n ol coin5| medalf , ami other 
cutioiitiesv which he Ihewed to his friemls 
anU th« ctrions with pleafure. He wak an 
occafioQ4l correfpomleat of this Magazine^ 
untler d'.fiWrcnc fignatitres: the two laft ar- 
tides, the writer of this rtoollefiS} were a 
fh'awing ami feme account of a coifin-lid 
fiHim! at Hales Owen abbeyt vol. LXU p. 
1097 1 »oU a parody on Hjunlct's fuliloquyi 
tol. LXil. p. 557, 

March 2 9. At Garringlont in the parifli of 
Littleboum, in Ken*, Mr, Wn. Denne, fen. 

^l>n't . . . Aged 7jif — ^— CaWwell, efq. 
formerly an eminent cotoorman in Budge- 
row. He has left the bulk of his fortune to 
his partoery Mr. Brandon. 

Aiijf^* At Barhadoes, Michael Morris, 
t(q. fui'geoo to tlic royal artillery there. 

17. At Chatham, aged npwards of So, 
Mrs. JeyS| widow of Mr.ThaJ. formerly 
porter of the dock -yard at that place. 

la. At Sandwich, aged 69, Mrs. Mary 
Kaime, 

June, 9., At St« Chriilopher'f, General 
Wuodley, governor of the Leewaid iflands. 
' to. At PreOon<oouit, near Winglianii in 
Kent, aged ahout 50, Mr. John Harrifon. 

1 1. At Sandwich, aged 53, Lieuc Pearfoa 
Boys, of the royal navy. 

16. AtBarbadoes, in his 75th year, Za- 
chariah Stephens, efq. formerly of Chancery- 
lane, London, biit lace comptroller of his 
Maueity's cuilosns for the port of Bridge- 
town. Of Mr. S, who wa$ well known to 
the wits of London fome few years hack, 
«< The Barbadoes Mercury" gives the follow- 
ing chara^er 1 <' Let not the remains of a 
chara^er fo worthy of the pao^riil's pen 
pa& into tlie fdent grave without the tribute 
of praife which Frieodihip di^tes and Vir- 
tue demands. The intelle^oal endowments 
which Nature lad fo liberally beOowed on 
him were highly improveu by the advancaftcs 
of educatiun aiid a familiar intercourfe with 
men of letters ; their united influence qoali* 
^ed him for an honourable difcharge of the 
dluties of an elegant though arduotts *>rc>fef» 
fion, and made him die deftrable and eitter- 
taining companion at every fecial l^uud. 
If we atntemplate him in his otficial cat>a* 
city, his merits claimed our warmeft corn- 
mendations, fince he happily leconcilcd tne 
clathing interefts of t)ie merchant anJ the 
revenue ; and whilft, by his lenity and in* 
dulgence, he encouraged the induClry of the 
former, fn>m his informaiKMi and alfidu'ty 
he loft no f.iir opportut)it> of advancing the 
latter. Hut fitch is the depravity ot human 
nature, chnc [hefe Oxming qua! fication?, nor 
0y«n th9 renenu.on m hich ihoulJ ever ac- 
eompuny tfJd Mge, did not fhttld him fiom 
iAc jT^j/Qncd ihafu of tnry, ikc comroun 



fate of diftinguiihed chera^en* The con- 
curring teftimony, however, of the commer* 
cial p^rt ef this community averted th< f 
fiiry ; and the malicious charges which wei o 
defigned tooveiwhelraaitd ruin him, proved 
the faithful ordeal of his innocence. The 
merchant has now to regret tlie diflfolution 
of fo valuable a friend { ami thofe that were 
in office with him liave to lament their being 
dq>rived of that affiftance which had fi^ong 
and fo ably conduced them through tlie 
gtvateft difficulties. Happy is it for his Aic- 
ceflbr, whoeyer he may be, that lie cun be 
fore o(F acquiring the fame efteem by adopt* 
iQg the fame line of conduA*" 
. 17. At Grenad«| where he bnded on the 
loth, Col. Pringle, of the engineeis. He 
loft his life by having caught the yellow fe- 
ver, which was brought to Grenada in a 
ilave-lbip from Sien-a Leone. His fervant 
wrote the account of the Colonel^s de^trh 
that came.to England, and died himfelf tlie 
very next day of the fame cont.igiuus fever, 
which he had caught of his mafter. 

25. . Mr. Henry Weedall (mifprinted 
WudctI in our lad), apothecaiy, in Brewer? 
flreet, Weftminfler. 

July I a. Peter Genefty e(q. of Binbrook, 
CO. Lineeln. 
. 15. At Animilland, in Ayrfliire, North 
Britain, Tho. Craufurd, efq. patent-fearcher 
of the port of Briftoi. 

At Hereford, in her 74th year, Mrs.The>« 
odofia MyiLVsi, a maiden lady, refpedled by a 
numerous acquaintance. She was nearly re- 
lated to the family of Myoars, of tlie antient 
hoafe of Treago, near St. Weeoard's, in that 
county, where (he was interred. 

ty. At Retford, co. Nottingham, in his 
Toth year, the Rev. Seth Ellis Stevenfon *, 
M. A. formerly of Peter-houfi^ Cambridge, 
redor of Wadding%vortb, co. Lmcoln, 39 
years, at^i of "tufwell, co. Kottingham, 3*. 
rie was alfo 45 jrears mafter of the royal 
grammar-ichool tn Eaft Retford, which his 
lather, the Kev. Henry SteveOfbn, vicar of 
Elkiley, filled the preceding 38 vears. His 
abilities as a fcholar, his geoer.mty, libera- 
lity, and public fpirit as a citiaen, ami his 
confcientious difcharge of the feveral dntici 
of hulbr^nd, father, friend, and divine, gave 
him i^c faireA clium to tlie title of gentle- 
man A>.d the l^>pes of a Chriftiao. .1 is 
only p.tyin^ i;>..c tribute to his memory 
which («ratit*Kle Aiid Jii(\ice demandyto ^d, 
thai uie navigable cinal from Oieftertleld to 
the Trei|t ou'es its exiftence, and, in a great 
(legi ee, its prefent prcfperity, to his mauly» 
laborioti%nnd fphi.eti exertions. 

Jn her io:h yar, Mifs Betfy Merry, 
youngeft d itighler of A«r. Tlioiu; s M. a. re- 
fpe^abl^ fMermni) in Air>f)reec, Piccadilly# 
She was pi-etty tve'.l, ^ml hnd walked in tho 

^ He du^^ not occur among iht Cam- 
bridge graAuau^', \3iN3K. ccv^ qH 1^ \u\iam«r% 
B. A. 17^3, » tut toxoft «iii>^«. 



1791 ] 0iii^*^tf^9'(P^^iliPnfin$\fiiiiVBi$tN^ialdmUl^n.'j^' 

Park* iiitli6eveDinrofthei5th, whtnditt aaJ itiOoo.iphaNtioCi, In 1779 tha new vB* 

iMflMd to be faiigu^ with the iwcoinnion lage waiero^od loto 9 hoi^shof iMTooy, wiiil" 

htiit flif Um weather, aiuL was reiileis Ml amaiketan4tidr>taeleBaiitiiiii|andtliliniy 

Slight, fnthemoniingof Che i^bflie was ferthetmi^^emaQtaflraveUerhaDdalflMeh- 

covered all over with the florid fympcomt of fl^ld. See .hit letter to the people of X^nk 

a icariel and nudignaot fever, which at this renoekirky 17801 Svo«i meraorandumi coiv* 

feafoQ |Mrevat!s. In Xpite of thofe effbrti ceming it, at the end of KnostV "Tourifi 

which to other cafts Mve proved fuccefsfot, Ibe Highland? and Hebrideff" p. S5 ; Can»- 

Ihe was carried off within 14 hmirsof the den's << Bntannia»*' HI. 4171. ««Statiftical 

appearance of thedifeafe. She w;*s, confi- Aoeonm of Scotlandy'* V. 17^—181. He 

tiering her ytfart^ an elegant, aecompUAi^, built alfo the magnifioMt temple at St. Bar* 

and moft amiable child. It appeared too nard'i well, dear EdiolNirgh, achist»wnex* 

late to her affiiAed parents that the had been penoe^ for the public- good. Hb Lordllup 

ratlier pcx>rly fur fome days, but would not puUiOied hit '< Travelling Memoranduma, 

OHT plain* firnro a defire ihe ever lliAwed to nnade in a-Tour upon the Contineat of Eu- 

pleafe and be duiifiil to them. ^ rope, in the Years 1786, 1787, and 1768** 

x8« At Great Witley, in his 8cth year, (fee our vot LIL p. 741) 1 and a fcoond 

the Rev. Lucy Berkeley, M. A. re£tor oC that part (ince |. alfo <* MifoeiLaniei . in profit 

place, and oiF Adhui Beaucbainp, both 00. and verfe," in i vol. 1 toio. 
Worcdler, ever fince 1 741. a 2. In his 76th yeai*, Joihtta Orondyt ^^ 

20. At Hereford, . in his 80th year, Mr. of Thornton, co. Letcener, univerddly Li« 

StephebSandford.oiieof the fenior members roented, and very much (b by all his reU* 

of the corporation, and a gentleman uni- .tions anid friends. Re was iii the commit* 

serially efteemtd. (ion of the peace, and ferved the odke el 

Mr. Chapman, formeriy a ho6er in the flieriff fair the county aforeCaid in 1757. Ho 

Friar-lane, Leicdler. man ever difchargtd his various duties as .a 

at. At the huufe of Dr. ' Jnhnfto<i« of member of the oommunity wkh greater ia- 

IMamfield, on his return from Matlock, ti»fa£iton ; and he has left this trat^Tttorj ftate 

wh ther he haid been for the recovery ef his refpeAed aod vaturd hy all who had the 

health, Francis Douglas, cfq. pleaforu « f his acqiiain'aiice. 

At Morningfide, nesr Edinburgh, Francis 13. On D:)niiybi-uok road, Dublin, tlie 

Gaiden of Gardeniloun, one of tlie fenators Hon. R/^tfit Heliep, fecond juftice of the 

of (he College of Jullice. His Lordfhip, Court of Common Pleas in Ireland, 
ad fon of Alex G. c/ Troup, hy Jane, At his houfe in Foxhule-^ftreet, Plymouth^ 

daughter of Sir Francis Grant of CuUen, after an illnefs of eight days, George Wiiine» 

8. C. J. was bom at Edinburgh, June 24, efq. one of the firft merclianta in that town. 

1 71 1 , commenced advocate 1 744, and after- His death was occafioned by a nervous faver. 

Wards became his MajeAy's f tlicitor. July 3, which raged with fuch impetoofity that baf- 

3764, l>e wa5 promoted to the bench, and fled llie ikill of the faculty to allay. His vir- 

he Wa5 alfb X>ne of the Lords Commiflioners ^toes (for they were many) can be rel.ited 

of Judiciary, but re figned his feat there fome only by thofe who havs experienced his 

yrai-sago, anil, in recomi^ence, got a penlion fiienJihip and beneficence. He had truly a 

of zcol. per annum. On the death of his '* heart to pity and a hand to give \* anJ his 

brotlier, Alex. G. of Troup, M. P. for Aber* name will ever be held in the higheA efteem 

deenlhii e, in 178.. he fucceedtd to a landed by all who knew him. 
eft.)te of 30C0I. a year, and an ample perfo- Mr. Duclter, of Rothley, co. Leicefter. 
nal fortune, extending, as is faid, to 40,oocl. At Norton, nuar Stockton, in li;s 79th 

per annum. The latter he con'.rived com- year, Rev. JoIyo Wallif, .M. A. formerly of 

plctety to d-flipate before his deat^, and not Qiieen's-colleget Oxford. This venerable 

a little encnmbieied the forme*-, in which, as man, thotighpoflelTedof gooil natural Jb:;.:ieSf 

he died a haichelor, lie is fiicceeded by bis and no fmall (hire- of acquired knowledge, 

nephew, Francis Gar^len, of Palgcty, c.ip' lived and died in an obfcure flatioti Uis 

tain of the ^^d reg. < f fcM t f^rd G. waf, fituation in life, perhaps, (houLU not be mucU 

In his youuger dayf, dil^.nguilhed for gc> . bmeoted, as his difpofition was fo oiild, and 

nius, eloque:)ce, and tnOe, and for an un- hisfcnfc of duty fo proper, that lie acquiefced, 

common degree of wit and humour ) his without a murmur or a fig**, in hi<- humble 

abilities w*re kno^n and acknowledged in fortune. At an early peri'xi of Ufe he moi- 

the Douglas caufe, iu which he was one of ried a Luiy .near Ponimi>uih, where lu: at 

the council fent to France to enquire into « thai time relided on a curacy. For 56 years 

the circumAances of the cafe. In 1762 he they enjuycd all the happincfs of their m.vtii* 

purthafed the eAate of Jolmfton, in Lau< monial connexion; an Ivppinefs fo viC.ble 

ret^cekirk, in the county of Kincardine, tliat it became almoi^ proverbial in Uteir 

where his feat is. Here, in 1765, he planned neigl^boivhood :. and bis widow now re- 

and exeaited, on his own proprny, a cele* nuias to lament his lofs, and to look f'>rward 

braced village 1 and ttie ftreet, exteuiling fix to their re-uniotv \ti ^ (\&\ue vcokV^. VWt.'^N . 

furlongs m length, now amtvns 509 huuics wa« a naiVyt ol Cum\xx\asM^> i\\^i ^^%\ V^^ani^* 
Gbsj, Ma a, jifftgf^Ji^ ^793* 

12 



77^ Wimin'y§/i99^dfraUiPtrJinsi,whiBidgrapbUa! Afiiidttif. [Aug« 



- tiig a ftew jtan in the Smith of £nglan<1, he 
becam* curate of Symonhumt in N<»iit.uiTi* 
WlanU. Here he hegan to cttitivate with 
90t€t his hotanic genius, - and filled his 
Iit0« ninlen wirh curieus plantf. 1 he ftndy 
mi hoSnjr hrought with it a fondnefs fur na- 
tural hUtory m general. This was.fuccccd- 
6d by his writing the ** Hiftnry of Northum- 
berland/* which was publilhed in two vols. 
4to. 1769; the firft of which, contain- 
ing an accoiuu of plant?, minerals, fofl>l$, 
&c. indigenous to the county, is leckoned the 
rooft valuable. Hb' fortune, however, did 
not improve with his fame, and a difpvite 
whh I lis re^or occafu ncd him to ienve his 
happy i-cticat. Cut, al is 1 he had no otner 
to fly to 5 anil h&and [*''h wife were received 
Into tlie family of a hurnane and l>encv«>lcnc 
cierg\'man, who had formerly been hi^ fiieiul 
at college. Stion after tJiis he became cu- 
rate, fro temf»>e, at Haughtcin, near Darling- 
ton, 1775, and, immediately alter, removed 
to the curacy of BiUingham, near Strckton, 
where he continued till incre»rmg infirmi- 
ties obliged trim to lefign at Midfummer 
bfl. he then renuwed to the neighbouring 
Tillage of Not ton, where, in a Ihurt time, 
with all the confcioufnefs of a well-fpcnt 
lifcy without a pain he expired.— About two 
years before his death a very fmall u'ilatc fell 
to him by the death of a brother ; and it 
ihould be related, to the hoi^iiir of the 
]»re(cnt Bilhop ei Durham, that, when 
the circumftances and fituation of Mr. 
W. were reprefented to him, he agreed to 
allow him an annual penfion aher he had 
refigned his cuixicy. This onexpe^ed offer 
made fuch an impreflion of gratitude upon 
Mr. W, that almoft the laft aft of his life 
was to pack- up an antienC ftatue of Apollo, 
found at Carvoitan, a Roman ftation near 
Glenwelt, in the parifh of Haltwhiftle, co. 
Northumberland, which he mtended as a 
prefcnt to the Hon. Dflines Barrinston, bro- 
ther to the Bifhop. Ifi the e;»rly part of his 
life he publifticd a volume of Letters to a 
PupiUon entering into Holy Orders; and he 
has left beh nd him a frhill but valuable col- 
le^tkw^ of boolu, chieBy on fubj«6\s of natu- 
ral hid 01 y. 

24. Mifs Sophia Pot ker, youngeft daugh. 
of J(»h!i P. cfq. of Mufwell-iiill. 

After a long and fcvere iPnefs. Mr. Wm. 
Cox, mafiy years roalHr of the White Hart 
inn at Celnbrcok. 

In' Ireland, Lady St. Lawrence, eldeft ilau. 
of the Earl of Howth. Hu- Lailylhip was 
bom in 175*, and was manied to Lerd St. 
JLawrcnce, eWeft fon of tlie Earl of Howtb, 
in 1777. She has left font daughters. 

Suddenly, Mr. Thonoas SanCome, one of 
the nominal* l»rds of t manor in Hinck- 



* The towAlbip of Hinckley conftfis of 
iwo manors i one of which, containiog 
*^ three parts kfi fuitr equally to be divided,** 
was fmnaet'ty Sir R^b, C&noa's, and; snow 



ley, CO. Letcefter. He was nominated to 
ferve a? h*gh (hcriff ofihat county for 1783; 
^but a(ke«l for, and olHaioed, an excufe on 
account of h'S larg« family. 

15. Aged 85, Mr. Daniel Basford, hofier, 
of Hinckley. 

The youngeft fon of NIcho'asHurft,efq. of ■ 
Hinckley*, lord of one ot tlie manors th<;rr« 

Of a wound which he received in hs arm, 
in a kite engagement with a French pnva- 
teer, C^pt. Chimineiii,of the Achilles pri- 
vateer belonging 10 Wcvmouth. 

16. At Cambci^eU, Mr. John Walker, 
merchant, of -Kafingh li-ftiert. 

a-'. Mr. M'Dermot. a midlhipman of ih« 
Invincible, lyn^; at ihc Wore. He nn'oitu- 
nately fell fjun the fore-iop-maft, and was 
dr.lhed to pieces agaiiill aq anchor, u hich 
bi;ng over ine bou*. 

Jn Cheyne walk, Chflfca, Mn. Coggs. 

aJ^. In a |>oft-ch.Jife, ne.-r the Wheat.heaf, 
at Ti.HH-n-', .Mr. Wilfon, coal-merchsnt, ^n 
the Surrey fiJ.eof Hbckfriais-bridge. Heh.id 
left the h:»ul>; only n ftw m-nulcs, in com- 
pai-y with a genilen^an and la«'y, and wm 
goir g to Sireaiham, to cnj;age I'oi'gmgs for 
the benefii o» his health, which had been for 
fome time declining. 

ft^.'At an advanced age, much and juftly 
regretted by all who knew her, Mrs. Great- 
rake, wife of Mr. G. of ApHeymill, Herts. 

3r. Mr. Wm. U eOon, fen. of WeAon« 
place, Pancia*', tile-merthant. 

At R«fix)rtt-h,l!, CO. La:^ca(ler, in her 
66th ye'r, Lidy Juxon. 

At Gainfb««rojgh, ajfd upwards of 80, 
Mr. Rpbeit luclvc, formerly maAer of die 
White Hart inn theic. 

Jn High ilrcet. Mar)'- la-Bonne, Mfs, 
Calcraft. 

Aged 79, at his fun's houfe, Barwell- 
6OU1 1, Suney, Benj DiXon, cfij. 

Mrs. Jec, vidluallcr, at ilw? Rein deer, at 
HiiKklcy. 

7?. At Hinckley, Mr. Jo^pph Rolnnuin, 
the oth?r KMt.inal^ lord of ttie manor 

At 5toc'KV.»ll, aged 72, Fred. Rafch, efq. 

W. Bnllol Hot-wcllF, after a long illnefs, 
Capt. John Ra«lclif(e, commander of his Ma- 
jelly's pr.cket QtJcen Charlotte, on the Fal- 
mouth Pat ion. 

AtEdinbiiijh, aged 65, Alexander D mdas, 
Efq. late hotUfRant-cnloiiel cf ihe 8th rci- 

•^— — — ■ ■ ■ ■ » 

the piopcrty of NKlM>las Hnrft, eftj. The 
other manor, containing wie-founh of rli« 
lordlhip, has, for time immemorial, been ttie 
property of ihe parifh; for whom it has been 
regulai ly held m ti uft by two nominal lords. 
Mr. Saofume and Mr. Robinfon, the two lalt 
lords (whofe deaths ai"e here recorded) were 
alfo at the head of the Greater and Leffer 
FeolfmcMt, ilie charities of Hinckley; and 
arc fucccedcd as lufmipal lords of the manor 
by Wm. Ert>wn, efq. Mr. I homas Robinfon, 
anv\ Mr. T\\o(mA^ VAulome, iuuior. See tho 
H\fv0\7 ol HvuiikXrf > VV» ^-^i ^V 



47930 Oiiiitmrf$/anfidiraH$P^fim; with BUgrspUioi 4»tiulrtu. 779 

meot of kxtf fifth fon of G^org« D.of Dw In the psixHh of Dtlrfi tn 8oodaii4» agod 

M. P. for Lmlithgowihirei dying a baichekiry I04y Michael M'Narraoy barua uffltir -lo 

the bulk of his fortuue ilevolvei to tbt heirs Lord Gallowajr. 

uf h't mpht^ the late Qeorge D. of D. At Beverley, in.hia6ad year, George M^ 

commaocicr of the Wintenon Eaft Indramab, therby, M. IX bM of Highgtfe, near Loo4» 

"whofe unfortunate fate is recorded in the Ha waf author of << A Mew Medical Dmh 

Obituary of the prefeQtroomh, p. 767. tmauff if y%f"taL 

1 Lmtefy^ at fea, oa board the Belmont Caft Aged 93, Mr. Edw. PariiBn, of Gra|K 

Indiamau, foon. after fbe left Etenga), Cape Waruu-d, near Knetsfcund, in Cheihire. H% 

Camage, Ut4 coirmander of chat ibip. retained his faculties to the bft ; was twice 

. SlaWi in the aiiaolt made previous to the married ; his firft wife lived with Ir-m ip 

fbrreiHler cf Valenciennec, £n6gn Tolle- fears ; and at tlw age of 80 he mariied a 

mache, cf the ColtKlream regiment of foot- young woman of it» who died in chtld^icd 

Soaids; only fon iif Lady Bridget T. heir- cf lier third cbtU» at the ugeof )6. At 15 

appar e nt to tbe Sc^itch earUhun nf Dyfnrt \ his life was infcjied in the leafe of a large 

and not quite 1 1 ye<irs of age. His remains farro» which he held hy that tenure 78 years. 

t«>cre interred at Helmingh. m in Suftolk, the At Tichfield, John Milling^ efq. barrifler 

fnt of tlie Earl of Dyfart. He was a£Uveu at law, jo«lge ot tlw BiAop's Court at Wiiai^ 

ddigenty and fcientific in his duties'; pofleflieil diefter, and recorder of Roflnfisy. 

agreeable manners ; fpoke the German and Rev. Mr. Morrisi re^or of ,Clfiytnn cum 

French languagea with great f.oency ; and Is -Keyoler, co. Setlex, and formerly fd^w of 

tiniverfalty regretted as a young man of great ■Br9zen«No|iD~oolkge, Oxford, 

promife. He feem» to ha\e had a pre-fenri- Mr. Mariaer, of Woking, Surrey. 

Tnent of his fete, as a copy of verfes wat Al Briftoly aged iio, Richard BrenCyCom« 

-foond in his pi^cket after his death, expref- mealy called " Tom Thumb/* wliich appelk 

•five of the uncertairty of a f«>ldter's life-k. lation he acquired from ielltng hiilorite of ' 

** one night in ail the paraphernalia of dreiS^y that little herb's life and adventives. He 

the next in a winding-ftieet." Gcii. Tolle- was born in the pai iih of St. Cuthbert, in tbe 

mache, his gre.tt uncle, uho livcil in the city of Weils* 

retgn of Willinm III. and ^va^ the fir.> colo- Aged 75, Mr. Haines, formerly a butcher 

net of the ColdAie.im regimen' of guaids, hy at Stamfoitl, and latterly tbe warden at St. 

wbctni it was raifed, loft his life in \\\o fer- Martin's bead-linufe. 

▼ ee of his country, at the attack of the port At >bbey(lead, in Wyerfdale, aged 80y 

of Rreil. Tlie brother of the General, who Mr. Thomas RicU;<rdfon, 60 years mailer of 

wa^ a captain in ():e navy, di«d alfq in 'hat the free gramm.ir-fchool (lu-re. 

rei^n, being kilUd in tlie Weft Indies. The In her 9CU1 yesr, Mrs. Baxklon^ of Carl* 

unfortunate tiealli of the father of the Enfign ton, near Karntley. 

will be in thercmtmVraocc of all. He was Aged 83, Rev. j;imcs N^lfon, upwards 

commander of the Scorpion fiigate at the of 5. ye»r& vicar of Sherbum, and curate of 



beginning of the American war, :mtt canied 
out, among others, Lieut. -cul. Ftnnington, 
of the gu.iids. On tlieii landing a New 
York, i>)ey uent immediately to a tavern, 
to dec de a diffiercncc which liad occurred 
dnr<ng the TO);«ge, and Capt. loUemachc 
was run through tl»c body an-' killed. Three 
of his hrothci-!* peri/hcd .it fex — Wdliam 
Murray, firft Earl of Dylan, bcin^ ;« favou- 
rite of Charles 1. and li.wini; V*:'. two daugh- 
ter*, gtt a fiefh p'lent fiom that monarch, 
ent.iilirg h'S title and lionoiir^ on itis hciis- 
gCneral. His ek'cft daii^httrr, hi. "Pg mnriied 



Bi'omptoo. 

Mr. I homas Chambeilajruy of Marholniy 
CO. Northampton. 

Aged 8^, Mn. Lilly, mother of Mr. L. 
Iiofier, ol S*amford. 

At Cainfborough, Mrf. Palhley, relia of 
the Rev. Wm. P. of Barlboruugh, near CheP- 
terhel.l 

At Harringworth, co. Northampton, Mi6 
Stinger, diughter of tlie late Harringworth 
Doctor (fee vol. LX. pp. 766, 999, 109a ; 
LXl. p. 140). 

In Ids ?ift year, Rev. |ofeph Richardfon, 



Sir Lionel i olk'm.td e, bioosiu the title of of Appleby, nephew of the late Rev. Jolai 
Dyfart into that fan^ly j v hu h h.^ii h. en fct- R. of Haworth. 



tied in Suffolk. pri<»r to tie t o quell. The 
prefent Lail «f D) fart luu no itrldien ; and 
as this eaildomc. nte by a wom;*n m'o the 
family vi lollemache, thus will it probably 
revert to the heir by the lem. !«• hie, Sir 
Wm. Manntrf, harr. vc^ lejTefenra'ive ot tt.e 
family <if Tollemarhe (uhicli n;.ne, it is 
'fuppofed, he will aflunu), in rtgh: of his 
mother, lifter to the | rcfeui £ai I. 
^n a field near Chel^er, by iMicharging a 



K>r.1 homas Bunter, a rtfpedlable farmer* 
of Cheddon-Fuzpain. Rctuining from his 
gruiinds, where he h.id been with his la- 
bfiurerr, much heated, he went to lus ccllar» 
and drai.k only one pint of cider, which 
loon o:.caf toned a violent pain in his bowelf, 
of which lie languithed till morning. 

At Blandford, cu. Doifet, John Curiba, 
efq. late of Ipf^ich. 

At GLifgow, Capuin Dugald Campbell, 



piflol into his mouth, Limt, V\ ard, of the jun. of Dun(b(!i\a%e. 

19th regiment; Uippofeti to havelaboHrcd At Cirence&er, co. QWic^^nr^ %^%^*W 



hS^ 



77* OUttuttj •fc9nfidiralU Phfins; wHh BhgrapUcal AnKd^tn. [ A ug. 



At Chifwicky W. Smichi efq. Ue of the 
Wat-office. 

In St. jaines's-pUce, Mrs. Darby, relict 
of Capt. D. and mother of ^rs. Robinfon. 

At Lyinington, the dowager-lady D'Oy- 
ley, relia of tlie Rev. Sir Hadley D'O. hart, 
and mother of Sir John D'O. bait, of D'Oy- 
Jey, Hants, M P. for Ipfwich. 

Louifa Monid cu, zd dau.of Geo. M.ef<|. 

George Ofhaldei^on, efq. formerly of St. 
John's college, Cambtidge. 

At Harwich, Mrs. Crowder, wife of Wm. 
C. efq. coUe^or of xht cuftoms there. 

At Dublin, Mrs. Kippax, wife of Charles 
Berkeley K.efq. 

In confequence of a fall from his horfe, 
Mr- Clarke, eldeCl fon of S. C. efq. of Salif- 
bury-fquarc, Fleet- ftreet. 

Mr. Kenneth M'Callum, merchant, of 
Glafgow. 

At Stonehaven, in the Sid year of his age, 
and ^oth of his miuiftry. Rev. Alex. Greig, 
preibyter of the £pifcop.il Church of Scotld 

At Stratford, Mr. Samuel Troughton, at- 
torney at law. 

Enfign Wm. Wilfon, of the 4Sth regi- 
ment, now in the Weft Indies, eldeft fon of 
the late Mr. W. of Newcaftlc. 

Suddenly, in the prime of life, Mr. Benja- 
min Roebuck, merchant, Sheflidd. 

In Bond-ftreet, John G oiling, tit^ lieute- 
nant in the ii\ leg. of foot- guards. 

Much lamented, the Lady of John Meyer, 
•fq. of Clapham. 

Mr. Nodcn, a mufical compofer of emi- 
nence, and many years one of the principal 
inftrutnental performers at the Opera at Pa- 
ris. He put an end to his life; at an ohfcure 
lodgins^-hoafe in Seven Dials, by (hooting 
himfelf through the head. He was near 80 
yvars of age, and bad been in ingland about 
twelve months. 

j4ug:tft I. Ai Lichfield, Mrs. Ci^cn, relia 
of Mr. G. furgeon, and owner of tt^e mufeuro 
thJre, who died on the 4th of June laft (fee 

p. 579% 
W\.t Iflington, after a flwrt illnefs, Mr. Jo- 

feph Ellis, an eminent writing engraver. His 

foD is an engraver, and editor of the ** Cam- 

pagna of London;" and his daughter has dif- 

tinguifbed iierfslf in the fame .irt. 

At Enfield-chace, Soiithgate, aged 13, af- 
ter a long and painful illntrfs, fmcerely la- 
mented, Mr. John Patiick, jun. attoiney, of 
Cam lien- ft I ect, Iflingtrm, only fon of Mr. P. 
formerly matter of the King's Head at 
Winchmore-hilt, now wine and brandy mer- 
chant at Iflington. 

At Ockham, co. Surrey, aged 97, Mrs. 
Harding. 

At Ran:fey,co. Huntingdon, Mr. Thomas 

Whytell, an ex^iifeman. His death was fud- 

den: bein^ ut the Croun inn tliere, he 

complained of a pain in hib ftom.ich, and re- 

qncHet) the Jiindloi d to affift him out of the 

e> juul oa coming o\n, hp inunediatf ly 
' down and ospind* 



. %, At Taplow, Jofeph King, efq. fon in- 
law to Daniel Gdes, efq. deputy-governor of 
the Bank. 

. 3. At Huntingdon, Mr. Bentley, mafter of 
the coffee-houfe in that town. 

Aged 63, Mrs. Hurh, reli^ of James H* 
efq. of Stamford. 

Aged 81, Mr. Robert Hanton, of Ryhall| 
near Stamf<»rd. • 

In the parifh of Old Dalby, co. LeiceAer^ 
after a long fit of illnefs, Mrs. Sarah Bryans. 

At his feat at Pengethly, near Rofs, co. 
Hereford, after a long illnefs, in his 7^itii 
year, Thomas Powel Symonds, efq.; a gen- 
tleman who was as deferfedly efteemed aoj 
resretted as he will be long remembered by 
all who had the pleafure of his acquaint- 
ance. To a mind well informed were added 
the manners of the aceempli(hed gentleman. 
His benevolence, his uit, and pleafiuitry^ 
have often made a lifting imprefTion on all 
who vifited at h': hofptuble maiifion. The 
poor in his neighhourhoM^d will fenfibly feci 
their lofs of the i.c^ of maflers, as he inherit- 
ed all thofe virtues that have long dii\in- 
guilhed his family. He was the neighboor, 
the friend, and copied the example, of th« 
Man of Rofs. On the 8th inft. hi< remains 
were interred in the family-vault in Selleck 
church, near Pengetlily. Mr. S. has left a 
widow, feven fons, .md one daui;hter. 

4. At her lioufe in Dean-ftreet, Soho, aged 
86, Mrs. Addis, relidt of Mr. George A. of 
Lyde's-court, co. Hereford. 

At his feat at Hemtl Hempflead, William 
Ginger, efq. attomty, much refpccted in his 
profefTion. 

Mr. Edmund Elfden, an eminent merch* 
and one of the common -council of Lynn. 

At Wallham-on-the-Woulds, co. Leicef. 
ter, Mr. John Grcer.ficl ', farmer and gra' 
zier, alfo n grocer of confiderahle bufinefs. 

After a few day^ illnefs, the Rev. Wm. 
Prober, M. A. reftor of W.iughlon, and vi^ 
car of Stanwix ; and formerly of Long Pref- 
ton, in Craven. 

5. AtC<opcrs*-h Uj in Bafinghill-ftrcetf 
folin Edifon, efq. upuardh of 30 ye«irs clerk 
to thit company. It is nothing more th.in 
juf^ice to the v\ ell-known reputtioii of Mr. 
E to r.»y, ih X tUtrc ^rc few men in this or 
any co«n:iy \vh;; exceeded him in the efti- 
mahle ch.ii. cler of an able, a fnenoly, and 
an honell ;>ttori.ey 

At Iflii'jto'', Mr. George Brownfworthj 
an eminent lalcim.ni in Smiihfielvl-market. 

At Staindropj co. Durham, in his 6rft 
year, John Ler, <fi|. M. P. for Higl-a-n- 
FciTcr, and fMmcily a'.torney-gcr.err.i.— 
Mr. L. (knoun, wfien .it the bar, by tlie 
name of Hon^yi J.u k Lee) has Ictt an im- 
roepfe fortujie, tvh ch tiiere i<:, we believe, 
no near relation to inherit. One place has 
becooke vacuU hy 1 ii death, that of auorney- 
general of the ct.wnry pahttinc of Lancailer, 
He was apponfd ii>likit.>r- general to tlw 



1793*] '3l*>Mrf4^^'9Mr'^^^ry^Hnv^ 793 

iSfm^kn \f%%f ttklt (uaoAYf^upoo Sir Rich, tefjr of poofidenible propotj in loic^ftflr- 

Ankn't rMnoval, in I7t3. In tha laitcr fluTCy whicb nowdtfcenUitohttonlyiUqgli* 

year ht wis npfioinceil aitomcy-generaly Ur, Anne, the LJy of EdMrard Craiock-Haiw 

iifoo the doAh of Mr. WallarC topp, e^ of Freathbjr., Bremtngby, Wy 

6. At Enfield, afid 69, Mr. MafVinghamy fordhjr, and Bmtun-LnzM^Cy ia that enmtCf. 

an cmiiijBnt bi ick-maker, and foiinerly maf- The Goveinnr^ remains were depoficed wiUi 

ter of the Greyliouad inn in that town. Hit theie of his ledVi in the vauk beloagiof to 

fitter, MrkBenneCi died juft before him. the Haitopp Nmni'y in Stoke^ewiagton 

At the fame pi cr, ai|ed So, Mrs. Mat- .chorchi on the 15th. 

tliews» rtl: A of Mr. Ji><cph M. carpenter. Lamented by all who knew her» Mrt. 

At Kampftead, ^ged 4oy Mr. Spilflmry» BoUaodi wife of Mr. H. print and book- 

of Soho fqoare, proprietor of the antifcor- feUer, in Oxford ftreet. The fiiAuinp oC 



Kntic dnipt. lie wae a filver-fmith in No- 
Ue-ftreef, Cheapfidr, and turned qiuck a- 
bout a 5 years ago, v^hen he firit kept a ihop 
m Mount-row^ Lambah. By his fecond 
wife^ wlio farvives him, be has left a niune* 
ioi|i young family. 



her hufband, who it confined in MewgaM 
for having laid, ia (he comfe of his bufiM€^ 
Paine'a <' Letter to the Addrefiers," agi- 
tated a mind of micnmreun fenfibdicy. tOt 
her feelings preyed upon iier life. 

At Folkingham,ca Lincoln, Daniel Doof*^ 



Aged S4, Mr'- Sarah Whittre;«d, widow of las, efq. from the burftkig of titc jOguUr 

Mr. Tho, W. tayloi and i-raperjof Lynn. vein, by reafon of a canoecum erofion wtudi 

•. i, AtPitferan,.rir JohnHaTkrr, b;«rt. had taken place ; he rang his bell at 7 ia 

Athislioufein York ftrect, vv'eltmiuflery the rooming, and was found almoft dettA 

gged 94, Mr. Charles Crufe ; of whom it is frum the lofs of blortl. He bad t^Og been 

Wfnthy of rrcord, tliat, having feme yean fubjeA to'lhe gtut, as rather aa hereditarf 

fince bvcn .iffli£t>ril uiththeftone and gra* complaint^ aod- about fix, months 'fince a 

fd, he wore out the difeafe hy temperance very painful fwelling made iteappe^an:*- 

ind a flri^l a«*hereiice to diet, which had been upua his neck, which baffled the flcill of tkm 

chiefly vegettMc for 40 years. beft chirurgiod aflUUnce he could procure^ 

At Chat hnm, aged Dear So) Mrs. Lowdell, both at home and ^bro-idi to reduce; lb 

a widow lady. that, for four mofiths preteilin;; lus deaib^ 

At Danfoid, after a long illnefs, Mr. Oli- he could take no other fu(lenance than a lit- 

vcr Pikken, one of the proprietors of the tie milk, and tluit wkh great difficulty and 

Rochefter, Chatham, and firomptun |)oft- * danger of iuf]^)catior., all which he bore with 

coaches. tlie greatelt patience and refignation ini»* 

8. Aged 82, Mrs. ru'.livadt, of Benefield, ginable. Ue was born at the above place 

ficar Oum'.k. in April, 1735, where his ancellu;s came 

AtCh'ath'm,ased9^» Jn. Croticl)er,f(ent. to reiide, at the clofe of tlte laft century^ 

Serjeant- major Coleman. Retvti iiing from from LceJes co. York, at which pUoe tU.iC 

y^anipti n, ina one-hurie cliaife with$eije.>.nt family brw) been long refident, an«i b >re for 

Sm.ih, ofihe ill regiment of guaids, they their ai ms» Ermine, on a chief, Az^nff 



9CcidenuUy tan .);^:iMi(\ acr.rt, by which 'be 
(h;iife uas overt uriied, and Mr. Ci)lem;;n 
lin'onunately killtid. He has IVf- a wife and 
fevcn cliiliii^'n. His eUIed Jaiightcr is mar- 
ried to Serjeam-m»ior D.n l:y, who was lakea 
pritOiier by tho French at ilie hatde of Fa- 
in- r<i. His remains were conveyed, on the 
12th, in gre;«t m:Iit.»'y panule, from the 
Horfe-gLtMii>, at A hit.r\ill, to the hiiriaU 
gn . nd of S«. J«.hn tl:e livaiigclift, VVcHmin- 
Aer, ;in>l incerie : with mJitaiy hcnours. 

Q- At D«.>d<lingtou-ii.)l , o<>. Cheiter. L *dy 
Anne HroHRlttoii. v^if'- of S.r 7 ho. B. ban. 
and filler of the £:tt 1 uf riy>i.ouih. 

ic. At Tirgot'i.in, o ComwJl, aged 
pnly aS, L.ic|y"V.fc<»un'" fs K;I nouih. She 
was d;.iigh*cr of Jih • treue, clq. l.«te of 
W'(x>lh.ti'Hpti'n; B<: ks, : n « wife of George 
Evelyn Vifcoint F,!ini«»utli. Being a womitn 
of niotl amiable manner*^, her luf> is An- 
ccrely lamented by all r.tiiks. 

At his lu)uf;^t •- heUt-a, in hi^ 79th year, 
Jcfrph Hurhckyclq. fi»rmeily govtrn')r of 
Bencoc'len. He m^n ifd S tr^h, elded daugh- 
ter and one of tbe coheiretfes of Sir John 
Hartopp, the UCi baronet of that name, in 
fiiht of whMB he became Msa^4 by t«ur« 



three mu'ieu, .Argen*, within a 
Gules. For tite lalt 30 yearh of his 
has been extremely adive in 
n'.-fs, being one of the conOiiriMcMier: for 
putting in execittioti 100^ of the local a^it 
of parliament relating t« thufe |>arts of ilie 
country, which be executed in the mof\ up- 
right maimer, and was^ always ihe.leadkag 
perfon ; although he wns in the conimittdn 
of the peace, he did not ^61 as a rnagit\gi^^ 
yet, if a.iy d.fpioe arofe in his neighhc^ir* 
^ood^ he wa> generally fixed upon to de* 
cide It. From ihefe decermiintiotis, and his 
ite.idy hehaviu-.ir, added to his indepcnd^tit 
property, he bohe great fway, which ope- 
rated as a ufeful clieck &> the weaknefb of 
thC'ie people who fuArr tlieir cou<-Ui^t to be 
influenced by their profpuity. lo the year 
1786, he ferved as Iheriif of this extenftve' 
county, and had the fpirit %o appear at tha 
affizes cttDfiitent with tlie. dignity of t:iac 
high office. In Kovember, 1791, he mai* 
ried a lady of a good fani:ly in Notthimp* 
tonfhire, of the na..ie of P/AA-«f^', an J h ppily 
of a <Ufpofu.on to l«>ok upon 'he hitter> and 
fwetts of l\i\8 \\it y<Vt\\ tv\w.\v \v\^\^i\^v\ut^ 
which iciM\eK«liUu^ivv^v«:H\'&VM^\ix\\»^v\*vcv 



774 Obituary •feM/Utrahh Fit fins \ tuiih Biographical Anecdotes. [ Aug* 



hif lamentaMe ■ fittiadnn. In Jmoary U(l 
he calif J n meeting of the town of Fdlkinj;- 
ham anU its vicinity to enter into rcfolutioni 
in . favour of onr prefent conftitiKion, at 
which he was voted in the cliair, and, by. 
his argnmeats, fhewed himfelf a complex 
matter of the fnbje'^t, ami plainly convinced 
•very one prefent of the neceffuy of lubor- 
dinaiiun amongft all ip^kind ; and alfo 
•videnCly proved the improptiety of any 
hinovationSy when the fruits our prefent 
conftitution brought forth wtrcteacff hherty^ • 
and fUnty. He has left no iuu^y and was 
the laft of the family of the name of Dmig- 
las. It is with gre^it probability reported 
he has died worth upwards of 501OC0L and, 
by his will, to have left to two perfons (for* 
metly liis fervants) 400I. each ; to t(\*u dif- 
fanc relations, of the names of Seagntve .md 
Roberts, the former 400 1. the latter 800 1, 
and a confidcrable legacy to his friend Mr. 
Smith of Horbling ; the reft to hi.< wife \ 
with reverfton, after her deceafe, to Dr. 
Brown of Peterborough. • 

ri. At Mohlake, aged fOTy Mrs. Bnrkin, 
rclift of Mr. B. formerly in partnerfhtp wiih 
Mr. Wray, turner and flocr-cknh painter in 
the Strand. 

h\ his 7cth year, Mr. Bradley, tea-denler, 
iathe Strand. 

Much l.ttnented by all who knew him, 
]tev. Thomas Hugo, re6!or of Duhchidiock. 

At Newport Pa:;nel, Bucks, Mis. Mea> 
Cher, wife of Mr. M. and eldeft daughter of 
the late Rev. Mr. Edw. LiKy,of Baiiey-cml. 

Richard Daly, efq. m.iyor of Galuay, in 
Irelnrid, and one ciJF the reprefentatiVes in 
parliament for that to^n. 

12. After a long illnefs, at the early .ije 
ef 44, Mr. Henry Albert Schuliens, pro- 
isM^lrf the Oriental languages and Jrwiik 
8(A||tHes at Ley den. Eaftern literature has 
^drn^ilMNl a ^iifible lofs by the death of this 
in\H;h-e(leeiB0A gentleman. We hope fome 
of otir correfpondents will favour us with 
memoirs of him. 

13. At Starburrow-caftle, co. Surrey, 
Robert iBumnv, efq. 

Aged 68, Mrs. Fryer, mother of Mr. F. 
flilYe>n, in St. Martin's, St.-^mford Baron. 

Afier a long and painful illnefs, Menry 
Myre?, efq, M-'trman of York. He fervcd 
the office of lord mayor in 1781, and was 
again ele^ed to th.tt Important Aatiun on 
the 15th of Januiry l.iit ; but, on account 
of the very infirm £late of his health, liis 
ferving k wiS dilpenfed with. 

At his houfc in Boot ham, York, after a 
painful illntl.N, Ifaac Webftcr, cfq. 

At his feat at Kilfane, c«>. Kilk^iiiny, Ire- 
land, Gervis Purker Busier, cfq. a comniilU- 
oner of his M^jcftyS revenue, and M.F, for 
the '• >roiii^h of Lanefboront;!). 

Mr. N.4th:»niel Price, fenior alderman of 

14 Ac //lington^ in her ^tth year, Mrs. 
Srifjjc Meateath, wiic o£ lite Rev. J;tmes 



Scum M. of ClrtfeKum-hair, in Scotland, 
and daughter of the late Rev. Granville 
Wheler, of Otierden>place, Kent (fon and 
heir of Sir George Whelcr), prebendary of 
Southwell, kc. &c. by his wife, the RigliC 
Hon. Lady Catharine- Maria Hadtings, dau* 
of T hcophilus Harl of Huntingdon. 

At Spalding, aged too, Mr. John Burgh. 

In his S 3d year, Mr. John Taylor, of Liu- 
coln, ft rmcrly a draper and giocer on th« 
High bi idge, in that city. 

Aged 76, Mrs. Pretor, wife of Sinnxi P. 
efq. banker, ol Sherborne. 

16. At Bromptnn, in his 65th year, after 
a long and painful illnefs, Francis Sitwelly 
•fq. ot Reni (haw hall, co. Derby. His pla- 
cid difpofitioii and benevolence of miivd were 
exemphry. His liberality to the towa of 
Sheffield is upon record ; and his private 
charities have long ende;ai'ed him to a Hvim- 
ber of diftreffed families in that :u)d other 
neighboni hoods. 

Mr. Charles Marfhall, fenior comnton^ 
councilman of Cambridge, tiaving been 
elc'dled Aug. 14, 17^6. 

At Reij;nte, SuTi^-y, sged ir, Bertram! 
Day Lew 5, efq. fecund fon of the L»te Geo. 
L. efq. <\ ho commanded the royal aiiiUerf 
at the d^-feiKTo of Gibraltar. 

17. At VVandfworth, after a few days ill- 
nefs, the Uni'y of Sir James SandeKon, ktit. 
k>rd mayor of London ; eldeft daughter of 
John Judd, efq. of Chelmsfi>rd. Her re* ' 
mains were interred in the boily of the 
church fcf St. Mfcgiiub, London- bridge, on 
the 2^tt). 

18. At Maiket Bofworlh, co. I^iccfter, 
Mifs Saiah Woi*d, dauf.hler of Rev, Mr, 
W. mafler of the free grammar fclio<>l iheic. 

In London, whither he cametvCod;»yshe« 
ft>rc, for medical allin.^ncc, Hale VVoitfiam, 
efq. altoi ncy, of Royfton. 

Unfoilunatcly killed in the action at tho 
port of Lii»cellc«, Lieut, col. Bofvillc and 
Lieut. Feyftiei . — Col. B. (of t^e Yorkfhire 
fam.ly of that name) married, but a ihort 
time Iwfore his depai lure u iih the guards, 
a lajy of the name of Wilfon, whom he 
has left pregnant. His mother alfo fur- 
vives him j aiM Lady Sinclair is his aunt. 
He commanded the grenadier company of 
Ihs fccond icgiment} and was oi'.e of the 
talleft offirer*- in the three ic^inicnts of 
guards, being fix feet four inches high. 
He was (hot through tt^ie mouih, the bullet 
having p.tlfed over ihe head of the Hpn, 
CapL Fitzroy, who was (landing within a 
foot of him. He had ferved in the gnnids 
many years ; had been with ihcm in Ame- 
rica ; and had rifen hv i- e ufuil courfe of 
fervice. — I lent, de Peyftier, though of Ha- 
noverian p;n en t, was born »• Americi, but 
left that co'.miiy, on accr.u:*t of his princi- 
ples, dui iiig rhc late warl He had a reni^i k.»- 
ble cfcapc at the fiegc of V.ilcuci'unes: after 
an cx\"»lofion of one of the enemy '^ mines, h»e 
was md!&A^ lot mot^ ^.Vv»sx ?cq.\m\^ , ^\vi was^ 



t '793.} Prias tf Grmn.-^ Theairuai RegiJIer.^tUi ^f Mtrialitf.. y 7 j* 



■I Wofth, fbond ma hoUow fp:4ce of ahoik 
so fcat long, nearly iu a ftate of fttipc£K* 
lSoh.-^Bcich bodies wers buried^ in Che even- 
ing of the T9Ch, in cbe finmt of tU« lioe, with 
Bilitarj hooourt. 

f9. At AfHUindalo-lMufe, Hail^y-ftraet, 
Carendilh fquare, after a long iUiief>» Eltza- 
beth Coanvefr of Hopetotin, ilaufiiicer of 
GeoTfe fixtli Earl of Nortbefk. She was 
ifiarTied to James third and prefent E:irl of 
Hopetouoy Aug. 16, 1766, and had iifuc fix 
dat^^biera, of whom foorfurvive. Either oa 
aoGOunc of her ill-healthy or for amufemeor, 
the fenerally went to Scotland and came 
back in a fliip, which was chilled lier own^ 
Iboie part of the crew of lyhich were fre- 
qtienily among the houfehcdd in Cavendilh- 



fqiiare. Ammif? the ieamen,of Leith (he was 
<very piop\d»r, for many kindneffes ihewn to 
ttieir families} and there are hundreds of 
poor perfiios in Scotland who were ctiieflf 
fopported ligr lier bounty. 

Mr^-Caoipi^, wifeof Mr.C.hoTier, Derby. 

a I. At her apanments on the Efplanade^ 
Weyiiiomh, Mrs. Mary Bacoii, wife of John 
BACon, efq. of the Pirft.fruits«oJficei and of 
Friern-houfe, Middlefex » a woowm pullie*reil 
of every ChriAian virtue, and whofe memo'y 
wiir limg exift as a pattern among her utH 
merous friends and acquaintance. 

At WiggintoHy near Yorkj ttie Lady of the 
Rev. Wm. Dealtry, reAor of c*<at place, and 
After of SamaeUFrancis Barlow, cfq. of 
Middlethorpe. 



PRICES OP WHEAT, from the Returns ending Auguft 17, 1793. 

t MARITIME COUNTIES. 



INLAND COU,llTiES. 



Diftdas. 
Middlefex 
StMToy 
Hertford 
Bedfbnl 
Huntingdon 
Korthampton 
Rutland 
Leicefter 
Kocttnghara 
Derby 
Suilbrd 



u d\ Diftrias. i. 

46 lOjSalop 5a 
47. 3. Hereford 50 
45 ojWorcefter 50 
44. ic< Warwick 51 
J3 7;Wilts 44 

47 4 Berks 44 
50 o, Oxford 49 
^i lO'Kucks 44 
5^ 3 Brecon 59 
56 8>*Qntgomcry 55 
54 6, Radnor 56 



8 
o 

X 

8 

4 
8 

4. 

t 

o 

I 



DiftriAs. 

Eifex 
i< Kent 
Sulfex 



{ 



47 
44 
44 



Tetal Avenge of England and Wales. 

Per quarter, ^\. los. 7d. being 5d. lets than 

our lafl report, p. 679. 



o 

6 

10 

._ 9 
C:«mhridse4[ 3 

Norfolk 43 8 

Lincoln 4S '8 

York 44 7i 

Durium 54 6 



Suilbik 45 



O _ Flint 51 7 

7 I Denbigh 55 9 

8 < Anglefea 5 a o 
I Cara'irvon54 8 
LMerioneih58 6 

. r Cardigan 6e . 8 

1 Perobn>|(Le48 o 

' I Carmaiih. 55 6 

L Glainorg 59 5 

( Glouceiler49 ^ 

< Somcrfet 50 8 

g J Cumberl. 54 i\ L Moiiirout.52 11 



J Durium 54 6- C Glouceilt 
^l Nortliumb4< 610^ Somcrfet 



Imoil 57 7J 



I 



N Laiica(hirc53 
' \ Cheihire 53 



8. 



II 



\ 



'\- 



Devon 54 4 

Cornwall 5^ 10 

C Dorfet 48 a 

X Hants 45 5 



OATMEAL, per Roll of i40ibs. Avoirdupois, i\, js. lod. 
AVERAGE PRICK, by which Export atig.v aiid Bounty are to be regulated. 



l^iflri^h 
-I 

a 

3 



/. 

2 
a 
a 



7 
4 
3 



I 

6 
8 



Dillrias 

4 
5 



2 
ft 



f. 

6 
10 

«5 



a. 
I 
6 
6 



DiOridls 

7 — 

8 — 

9 — 



/. 

i 
a 
a 



«. d. Didrias /. s, 

13 6| 10 — a lo^ 

1 5 41 II — a 14 

16 a| la — a 6 



8 
I 

5 



THEATRICAL REGISTER. 



^yg, Hay-Mark CT. 

1. Inkle and Yaiico — The Citizen. 
a. The Pad— The London Hermit— The 
Son in Law. [taineen. 

3. Half an Hour after Supper— tZ^ A/o;i//- 

5. A Quiner ofan HourbcJc^re Dinner — D" 

6. Richard the Third — NoSon^ No Supper. 

7. Pjeiy in Pattcni — The Mountaineert. 

8. A-Qunrtcrof an Hour before Oiiiuer — D*' 
9« All 111 G(X)d Humour — Dicco. 

10. A Qnarter of an Hour beitirc Dinner — D** 
I a. Tlic London Hermit— Tuz/wr row Cafilei 

or, The Birth of the Prince '/ //u/«. 
15. TheSmrender of Calais — Village Lawyer 
14. The Mountaineers — CarnarTi n Caille. 



If;. Ditto— Di: to. 

16. D:tr;> — Rufina. 

17. Diuo— Ditto. 

19. D ito - Canuirvon Caftle. 

so. The Battle of IIexham~The Padlock.. 

2(. Ihe'Mountaineeis—Caraarvoii CalUe. 

22. Ditto — Rofma. 

23. Ditto — TheSon-in-Law. [n:irvon C^le, 

24. The Flitch of Bacon— Tit for 1 iir— Car- 
26. The Mountaineers — Polly Houcyfcomb. 
*7. Surrenderof Calais— Agreeable Surpnfo. 
28 Tl)e Mountaineers — Who's the r>uj»e? 
29. Dt»o — A Mogul Tale. [Lawyer. 
30 Peep:ng 1 oro-— The Prize — The Village 

•3». The Mountaineers — Caruarvon Caftle. 



BILL »i 

Cbriftened. 

888 7 . 
J 1726 



MORTALITY, 

Bufied. 
Malei 
Femai 



frum JiUy 



I 10577 

i*» 955 S 



20I2 



Females 83E 
Wkiitef have di^d under t woycMn old 7 53 
P0ck LoMf jf. 6d. 



0Q 



30 to 

2 and 
5 and 



Aaguil 27, 1793. 



60 



5 262 50 and 
10 94 60 and 
TO and 20 57 70 and 
' xo and 30 i-^cjX^o a»xi 
I 30 *aT\d 40 \bo \ %o 9^4 \uftw 
J 40 aaA ^o ^^^\ 



14* 
70 118 
80 87 



mmm 






z-i,', ^.i^ 



i% 



I 



K| 



? 


. .. ..,4?| I?.... i,r?|-? nil" 


. 


1 


•■-llT= MH 


» 


- 




• - -- g 


""/ 


-)i 




"= 1-" -I" w? 



The Gentleman's Magamne ; 



SBMUALETtM.- 

LM'iaTiaut 
St JaMM'«Chi«a. 
WUnhaU K**n. 

Loaina Ercniiig. 



Haflilh ChfBa, 
EicaitaMiil 

Coariti (kXaoJ. 
Dailj AdvMtilai 
PBblkAdmtMn 
Oasettcai'iLcdfci 

ii«>»e Hckm 

M«nun|CbtBD> 
WoriiL— BritoiL 
Onck— TiMi . 
Uom.Paft— Sua 

Bub •( Briltsl 4 



Camkriuri 
Uwhy, ExvMr 

Htrril)nl,Hull 
Ipfwlcb 

Li*erpael-* 
MaUilM.* 
MucbiAcr s 
MVwciflU J 
HDnh*n»a 

Oir«ta ■■ 



Ouiartar; ; 
Cheftcr » 



■ 4rrflcfttlt*r 



For SEPTEMBER, 1793. 

CONTAINING- 



Meteerolot. Diarisi (or Aug. x\A Sapt. 179)' 7 7^ 

)p.Thoniai — Wcriptiqii for Trinity Hontii •jto 
GdhntiT of the Foec Guanlt— BuTDt Oak 78" 
Dr.Cmm— Epitaph m the bte Mr. l-'atconer 



InmvAirtg New< from the Brightom Camp 7I3' A Two Months Tiiur in Scotland cuntinufil 



CoDMcAof Pon'reC— RadctiffeCindcbbn 784 

EaftTeigninauth mil iuEnvirnnsJefcribcd 78; 

Mitt GUBt Arundel — Roman Uni,RoiJt,&c. 736 

SirrTich,Thr6ckmorto«i787— LortMansficia 78* 
lEkAionalAIISbtili 789— Ballad hyS1ien(tona74;> 

CropthornCrofi^ — Shoe&Bort — Daundelyon 791 
iTImFiiitopOak— UiilityofiheEliierTree 791 
'Renarkton Management oE Ditiley Farm 79) 
iAgricultural Society— Sir Bevil Greo-illo 795 
IHafled'iKanl— Ward's Remarks raiDoletut 796 

Mr.jeffireyt — Dr. Coo D«r'6 Charge — N aylor '7 98 

Cafimir — Hiftory of Ei^land, the Aiiihor? 799 
. Waodvills's Medical BoUny—TrceinearCaiiab Soo 

K«raldicQne rics— BtenhciiiiFiiuiUaifi—OpiicsSoi 
lAchroroaticObjeflGlalTei— AJvicotoaSon Soi 
' M ifcell ana iusCorre^on<,Qoet ies AKem*rki8 3 
I E(nbellin.ed with Vibws of Tittsw. 



Frmcli tharaaeriied— fleraliBr '■xplafiM:! Sr, 
AccoimloCaCh^iritableli^itiitinnuiSMffiilk.)^^ 
Commutation of Tithed A Biblic:d Q^ry S3 
Peltizer'sSyftem of the Univtrfc— ^rieaky,!<■- 
The PrelbyiBriinsanJ Unitarians uindicMeJ 8^' 



ClarenJoo— ABibliealQn"ei7ft«led— roup S, 
DogB'''"'»iiationof iPni])li«icFr«icliSong gi 
Topograpliy fnim Sl.'M^ry'i Hall, C.ivenUyJi 
MifcGllaaeniisInforinatiiipoDVarioinSiibjeaigii 
Seals, hi;.— TbeHiiHEalMiftoryolJ/i'nAflpn Sr 
i:..lle^i.)ni[nrHnmpihirc?^ThePeJc>mHarS : 
Croceedinp of iht l.iH S^lfion uf Fflriiamcnt S n 
A gant/al Circular Latter uf the Meihodlfti 8:. 
Rivitw OF Naw FiikLiCATioM Sir— 8. 
PMHiaDLiTiaAeylNTeLtioitiici <i4 
SiLECT FocTRV^antientandmoiIrm ^4—84: 
Hatioaal Conventinn'in France— For. AJfdri 841 
Country News, aiul DomMlic Occuituicm. Kf 
Marriajies, Deathi, PrehmKiiti, &c 859— ?;( 
Averse Prices of Com — TheatriOnl Regift. 1I7 
Daily Variations in Che Pdcetof the StiKki 87^ 
», Tcicmmoutn, and Bdodmb 'hiir hni 

ColN!., 1(C I CxiF-rilniiH Cm 



iho Pourtraiture 


iif John nADnnELVo 


H, from Mai 0^ 


T 1 1 j<C Sc 


c&e. 


By STL 


r AN U S 


U 


R B 


A N, 


Gent. 


Primal by JOHN NICHdLS, at Cictro' 
wftmr bU £«»«« to the £diMr iw defir«d 


Head, IUd.l.vm¥£avi.Y\MV«M«.\ 



Btp 


Wfari. 


Barom. 


Tlwnn 


Sot* sf Wutho- in Aotuft, inj. 


, 


W cilm 


*9>97 


*3 


Jarkty, ("UfTMKlckrfo 




Epiuto 


97 


»3 


whin veil, a broeie, but wry bM. 




^aim 




«S 


obfcure Iky, nin u aifht 




^cb. 


J} 


64 


fnull nin, clem up P.M. 


i 


SWolm 


74 


4j 


while douds, tMi*T nia P.W. 


W briCk 


18 


61 


<riiile aod bbck. Uo^ Am dtr 


I 


BmodmW 


,8 


«. 


whHcvdl,r>u.,tnixht 


ShriOc 


,te 


fl« 


blKk cloud., r^ at night 




SEbriflc 


4t 


(2 


blMtchwd., nnatnittN 




SW Biodetita 


J4 


*3 


blKk clNdK^ (bawwi 




Wbnlk 


i4 


<■ 


kuckikr, <urk<t«r 


» 


S cdm 


V 


«l 


Doaled fkr, IhowM iu th« t^t 




SE KMMknM 


to 


<i 


Dnnaft, ban Ibaw 
»h>uclaiid^^i|htAow« 




Sbri& 


7" 


(a 


'A 


SnlM 


S« 


t( 


rain,dMniip,«DlfiM . 


Wbri*. 


49 


60 


rain, freqo^ Oumn 


n 


E cilm 


47 


Si 


fnuUniuiCdntiudniit 


N BodmM 


64 


17 


ntritaandbUdcdaDdi, lainatnifM 




Sc»laL 


91 


3I 


wwwft, clMn >v, fine h«rteftd»y 


so 




99 


s« 


Eloudr, Ouwcn 




Wotei 


JO ,7 


61 


laritlkr, niattni0>t 


IS 


Skrifc . 


■•^5 


<I 


ruatb>p«iUttlwn«fltMidqF 


■] 


SWiMdMim 


u 


61 


iMkcb»l.,cl>v>p.aadaM 


•4 




it 


6a 


kbckdmk,fiMdir 


s 


Sulm 


3o>J 


59 


daifc Of, hrtM dir, nin « aiiht 


SmodMU* 


19,90 


!| 


rM, Olowan 


s 


;r iMdmM 


75 


bbck tiaaihtoo* bamftdqr 




S4 




thuIlrHii,deMup, Mdfitw 


•9 


S UlM 


87 




dMTOipMfe, dBlithlfalday 


3° 


W calm 


S3 






3> 


Wbnlk 


4 


S8 


onrcaft, h«i»jr flwwer* 



rocKCoFdaaH.ab«ut three o'dock.~'3. Videat tbund«r-ebi«, with 
lightniiiB>^4> Began to reap bxrlej tlirt ilaj. — 7. Began U reap oaf. — to. A ftonn of wioil 
IvbtTcnlhonsr— ii> A veiy freOi pie ia IheeTCouig. MuflirDaau in great abaodancc-v 
14. Tba wind vefy biEti P.M. — 19. Corn harnft becoeoes general. A laige circle romd tiM 
BKum.-'aS. Kcctten ligtits.— 19. A great dew in [hsmuniing. MuchcomoM tbudar. 

NotwiUiftandiaf tbe (alitEyuig rain and fireqiMmt Ihowen, after-g[a& lod lecond crap* of 
■lonrarebiKindiSeraDt. Goofebeciiei have fold at about iuc-penco a quart 1 doable tbeir 
lAal prioa ; tbeir Barenr, when ripe, but indlAnot. But few ipjAu, and wall-fnnt triflinp 
.Tmnipa have fi&red in IUI17 placet fu mud) by the Sy, or fMoething eUe, aitobtfabeen 
'IbwD twice I in (ome ^Iicei ofteiier. 

Fall of ma thii nwnth, 4 inchat. G*aparailMi, t iacbe* 4-ioCh». 

HirtoKOLooicAL Table for Scpiembert i793< 
HtigkiafVahHa^eit'tTheiBoneier. of^ilireiilieiftTheraoBatei. 




Gentleman's Magazine : 

For 's-E P T E M B E R, 179,3. 



BBINO THl TmitD K1TM1ER OP VOL. UtUL ' FAAT U. 



Mr. UKBAiit 



ti^tS* the fifBificiuoD whick Mr.. Bofwdl 



W>r-|f NMr. Bolwell^Liyeof {ites m the prefent ittftaace. Tbe 
^ JobBfra, Vol. I. p. 114, particiiUr paflkgc ia Bofict, where k 




occuri» 



a letrer it pnb tiiiwl 

frotn JobtfiHi to Mr. .„^„, ^.«„ -^_ ^ ^^^^ 

Cave, wrUtea merely iMrli^mqia^«emdi£ite«lHll^' 

oa bnfiaele, tno pro- , , ^ . ,_. ^ . . 

dttl aaurtiiaiaK wdrk for the (aka of pobablVair A«ii|rJ^<^f^^ 

eabibitiaff itt hero nmimr tbe meUa* "i>^tff fir t§i 



eablbiciag itt hero uaiar the nielaa< 
cboly fioM^oa af wafttiag a iliaaer. 
The letter aeacteto <'( anm Sir, yo«rt» 
h u p im ^kif Saniael Jobafea.** Hw 
food-aetored author lollowt up cht 
^ootatioa wkb foch reaierkt at would 
meraraUy prefeot theiBrelvct to a beae- 
▼oteat miad oa tbe ooafidcrattoa of a 



dmf bu t by'ao aKaiie 
that MKaiat wA' la allf 
daager of JHrnriag. 80 £ir from |f^ 
that a coodicBtator * of ao meaa omr 
uaderftiadt tbe word ia a feale direftly 
reairary to iu eommoB eeceptatioa, aad 
iatcrprets it by Bens PaABtut, /SUar, 
imulemtus. And, iodecdi tberoletot 



great aad illaftriout cbaraaer uader grammar aad analogy juftify, at leaft do 



the praflure of Tucb ierere adrerfiiy. 

Lee me hope, Mr. Urban, for the 
hoBour of human aatnrr, that, bow* 
eirer Johafoa't circomftaacfe might 
have bcaa embamUM, he wat a ftcu- 
mr to thb extremity of dHlreft. Ia 
v^ firft ptacc, there docs not appear to 
have bcea a fufficient degree of intimacy 
at that period (A. p. 1738} betiveea 
Cave aad Johnfon, to adroit of fo hu« 
iBiliating a confeffioa«»or, if there VMU 
that intimacy, Jobnlbn, inflead of mak- 
ing the complaint, would have fought 
the remedy m the welt known hofpita- 
lity of your worthy predcceffor. Second- 
ly, the irregularity of the fage's manner 
of Itfe-^hit KBown inversion of the aom* 
moo modes in whtch the fcTcral hourt 
of the day are devoted to fcTcral pur- 
poles— -bit fpirit of iadolent procrafti- 
natioa«*ali chefe are CTideaces in fup* 
port of the aflertion that the word Mt- 
frsmfms was either ufcd jocularly (the 
letter being fuppofcd to be written at a 
late hour in the afternoon), or elfe that 
it conveyed an oblique kind of apology 
to Mr* Care ifor the (bonne fs of its 
contents t at any man, in the occurrence 
of fMniliar life, would fay to his friend 
or correfpondent, ** 1 would write more, 
but dinner mtmu** For, in the Jaft 
place, the word imprmnfus mud be ^trj 
pp^\y coaAfued, indeed, to Admit Qf 



net condemn, thiiinterpreution— ^Prs* 
poiitio ia, in compoHtione cum adje)divo 
vel participio, f«pe nc^-»aliqttando tM* 
Sendii.*' A tboufiind mftances might ba 
adduced in fupport of this aflertion, aad 
fuch as mekm to make very druok, 
hurr9 to wander up and down, %mfr9m& 
to roar alotfJ, &c. &c* &c. I do not 
mean to infinuate that Jobnibn ufed lai- 
prMnJks in this fenfe s but Thope I hero 
fatisfa£^orily demoaftrated, that he wat 
not in the unhappy condition in which 
it IS impoffible to contemplate him with- 
oat the heart-ache. Yours, &c. £.E. A. 



Mr. Ubban, Seft. 1%. 

ROLAND, a native of the couaty of 
Cork» hat aflumed dominion over 
an ifland fituated in the celebrated Lake 
of Killamey, and bat thereon with hit 
own hands Duilt the ho>el in which he 
dwells. The ifltnd contains about forty 
fquare yards ; but the ferocious fway o£ 
its lone inhabitant extends over Killar- 
oey, the people of which towrn fii^d ia 
terror of him. The ifle has obtained 
the denomination of Roland's, and ^it 
annually vitiied by Lord KLilmair, the 
proprietor, who it civil to Roland, at 
IS Roland to his Lordihip $ the lavage 
pofl'clfing the good quality of not mA-> 



• T\\cud.>Uic^>3BVaV3A. 



Nst^^l 



780 Roland^ Ihminhn. — Bp. TTiomas. — New Trinity Houfc. f Sept. 



Icfling thofe who do not moled him ; in 
^hat particutar excelling many who pre- 
tend themfelTescivilifed being;. HisrcK>d 
stftfti, groivl'e, and the.flefh of the roe- 
buck, the procurement of which deli- 
cacies ronfiitotes his pleafuret. On a 
certain day he was fiOiing on the mar- 
gins of the lake; fomc ftrangers veil- 
tufed to furrey his habitation \ therein 
they found fevcral groviTe, which they 
we^e I'o hardy as to road, and begin 
eating in hi* kitchen; he caught them 
in the iA^'\ he was exceedin^y enfu- 
tiated, tore a remainiDg: roafted bird to 
pieces, and difptrfed rhc members in 
the air. This proceeding afforded the 
cffcDding ipteriupers an opportunity of 
retreating ; the boat-men who had at- 
tended them had been exceedingly averfu 
to landing on the ifland ; and, when the 
precipitate retreat was effe£tedf declared, 
that, if it had been they alone that had 
intruded, the Wild Man of the ifland 
hed afluredly (hot them on his entrance 
into his innovated prcmifes. 

Wonderfully various ate the charac- 
ters exhibited in human- kind! The 
one 1 have iketched is fo eccentric and 
fo novel, that doubtlefs, Mr. Uiban, 
it would give other of your readcis 
pleafurc, beddes myfclf, to fee it in your 
Magazine particularly dtlineated. 

Ynyr. 



Inscription for a Monument 

IN WtfSTMINSTAa AbhrV 
To THE LATK Bp. TuOMAS. 

To 

J0HN9 Lord Bilhop of RocHRSTERy 

Dean of Westminiteri 

and 

Dean of the Order of tlie B a t k^ 

this Cenotaph is infcribed ! 

In Memory, of a Prelate^ 

who, 

nnelateJ by temporal didin^lions, 

poflefled an Apodolic ** mecknefsof w'lfdom/' 

and 

proved himfclf a worthy 

difciple of his Bleffed Mafter, 



Hence, 

his iofs was deeply felc within his own 

manfion, 

and his death widely Inmente^ 

|>y the numerous participators of Uis bounty. 

Hoc let Religion, let Humanity exylr, 

that he lived to lupport their interdls fu long ; 

t))at hp was matured in virti4e and in ye.<rb j 

that he afforded a venerable inAance 

of the univerial efteem and admiratiof^ 

in which a good man may live, 

and a ftill more illuilrious proof 

of the <'eafe with which a Chrifliaii can die !" 

Ob. Aug. 21, 17931 351.83. 

Inscription on thk first Stokr of 
THE New Trinity House, to me 
erectedon Tower-hill. HTiicb Stone 
VL/at laid by the Right Hon. William 
Pitt, Mastkr of the Trinity 
I^oosr, &c. &C. &c. arcompanic^A by the 
Eldfr BrETHRFN y that IhnouraHe 
Corporation, o« Thnrfd.iy, Sept. ij, 1793.' 

** In ufum Societat's 
SUcrofanfta et Individux TIrinitati 
optimis dicatx aufpiciis ; 
Ut neque navigantlbus deefTet incolumitas ; 
Kec lumen inter tenehraserranti bus ; 
Kec emeritis in fene^Ute perfugium ; 
Nee viduis in panpertate folatinm j ' 
Has aedes excitari v6luit, 
Fratribiis uiio ere confentienf ibus, 
GULIELMUS PITT, Prarfcs: 
Vir unini praecooio major : 
Ht^ufce Sodalitii rebus acriter invigilans, 
t^ Imperii Britannici guberoaculum 
Valic'^ manu tenens : 
fouix fux, rebus in profperis, dulcedecus^ 
In arUuis, columcn ac prxfidiuro : 

Die Septerabris xii. 

Anno GEOROK 111. Regis xxxiii. 

^rx Chiiftian^ 

MDCCXCIII. 



Mr. Urban, Sipi, n. 

THE very hot and conftant fervice 
iii which the Britifli Foot -guards 
have, to their honour, been engaged 
dunng four fucceffive wars (ail within 
our own memory) ought to open the 
eyes of thole thoughtlefs parents who', 
when thev purchafe CommiHions for 
a.icipie ot nui o.ei«o maiier, their children in that fafiiionsble corps! 

by conform. W precepts^of hu Gofpcl. „,„ „,, ^,^^ ,.„ ,,„ „„ ,^„,^/.„ 



f 

ennobled by beiiehcsnce, 

and 

confecrated by true piety to the 

fervice of the Church } 

his Miniftry formed a model for the 

privfthood of every order : 

while fuaviiy of manners, 

united with urbanity of he;«rt, 

ccnftitutcd as aml.ihle an exemplar ia 

domeiiic hie. 



S 

» 



perform of greater danger than that of 
walking up and down St. James'^ ftreet, 
or, at moil, of guarding fufferers by 
fire from pillage. 

The truth lies quite on the contrary 
fide. Thf Foot Guards are a nume- 
rous body of foldiers, always under the 
eye of the War-office, always com- 
plete and always (lationed at the me* 
uopoiis, whcDce (as a general centre) 

draughts 



1793*1 €slhniryo/thiF$$i6udrJs.^ThiBkrwtOA fSt 

dnoghti nuY ^ «on vpfiXy made than fi with ih« brigade thsaMrMf, Mf 

from more diftam fbtidaf • fnpply the namci ofvth« oCccrs to tlif 

It it em tfait aecouiit (and sot from otbtr two regin wi who fliarcd thf 

may fircferf nee to the Rqpmenu of the glory of f be day, and may contft aay 

Linei wl^fe eoadsftlUt alwayt been ir- niftaket which he may find im my lift* 
peproacbable) tlia^ (he Foot-Guardt are Yoarf» &c. MiLit £iCBfttTVi» 

atwayt fept abroad, almoll ipftanily 6h officen in thefiHk regiment of Fooc-^nai^ 
the breaking-out of anjr war in which ' " — -^ 

the continent bat any uare. 

\yiihoiit looking (q far back ft the 
wart of William nod of Anne, in each 
of which the Foot*Ooards were em- 
plojfd with hoooort let oa npfd the ac- 



engagad at Liocelles» Under Mijer«6oaai 

ralLake. 

CoU^ Samuel HuMe 

Francis D'Oylefi vkroonded 
KingfmiU EvanSy woisndeil 
CnlinCampbel 



count given by Volmira of their fteady ^^'^^Ji^^ffJ^^ 
and intrepid conduft at the ^ttle of '*-—-* " j .». * 

Fontenov; letut attend to the honoura* 
ble thanks si?en by Gorerpmest to tfie 
corps fb^ t^r uniformly 'gallant con* 
dup in GerfniDv during t^e ** S^ Ttm 
years war ;** add let us eoqinrcy by the 
penifal of books or the reports of par- 
ties prefent, into the military fame of 
JTuch of this gallant and fleady liriga^e 
as eroded ^e Atlantic during our late 
nnfoiiuna^e contcft with North Ame« 
rica. The lefjilt wjli be» that there ne- 
ver wyis a military corps fo frequently ^ 
Cent on ferrice, or more celebrated tor 
iotrepidity while employed 



Ciiitahi Uofd Hiir 
JohnSmith 
W. ConliBeU Archeff 
Oeoige Briftowy wounded 
William DowdefweU 
Arthur Whechami wounded 
F. Charles White 
^ foftph Andrews 
Enfign William Whoatky 
R W. 

ohn Lambert 
ohnDuff 
ohn Dick Bomaby* 



A. 

I 



Mr. Urban, 



Sfff^ t7i 



ON the right hand fide of the road 
, I- 



leading to, and about two miles oa 

(to which 
copper«piate 
nailed to a wooden poft, with the loU 
lowing infcription : 



»757 

HtRt OBIW' TRB BUtllT OAK 

BSIMO THl ANTrtMT- BOUNDS 

OP TUB MAMoa or SOVTH-CHUacH 

ISLOHOIMG TO THOMAS DtBW^ 11^. 



How often has the delicate (and per- ^^^ leadmg to, and about V 
lisps effeminate) air of the ** unfledged ^i^ ^de of» Leigh, in Effex 
cnfign" of the Foot-Quards been held P'^p^.^ '*^cly went), is a c 
iip to ridicule in newfpapers I )fow 
often haTc the elegant but thoughtlefs 
young o^cets been the fubje£is of ca« 
ficature-printt ! Yet thefe Ihewy, mo« 
diih youths have always, when called 
^pooy not only affronted death at the can* 
jion's mouth with intrepidity, but even 
fupported the moll painful fatigues 
Vfithout a murmur. 

The writer of this letter cannot pre- If any of your correfpondents can fa* 
fume CO become the hiftoriographei of ^our me with fome aceonnt of the ma- 
this gallant brigade^ but he wilhes to nor of South* church, ihsd of the Dnmf 
preftrve from oblivion at Icafl the names family, it will much oblige, amongft 
of thcfe brave officer!, in particular, who, others, A Constant Reader. 
on the 1 8th of Auguft, 1793, *^ Lio- ■■ ' — *■ 

celles, with only 1100 men, forced a Mr. UaBAB, /T/Z/j, ^s«r#r///» 5tf^/. lo. 
flrcng ioirenchment, and utterly routed fi* i^ an obfervation (of Sterne's, if I 
5000 Ffcnch foldiers. The number of -*- mitlake not), that, where there is as 
wounded alone fpeaks the heat of that >nacii four as (wrcet in a compliment^ 
ferrice in which thele intiepid Britons ^^ Englishman is always at a lofs how 
were engaged, Uuluckily, 1 can only ^^ take it, a Frenchman never. 



As I am no Frenchman, I confefs 
myfelf at a lofs how to take the EpiAle 
addrefled to ine by Cicricus, p, 748^ 
and cannot biit think that this poe* 

lical cifulion contains fcveral reprc- 

that rw one marching rcgimciit has been (o htnfible levities which but ill ac- * 
often fieut abroail m time «f war as tlte Fuot- cord tvith the figuature the writer has 
Gi&rds (or at lead a deuchmcm from that adopted. * 
brigade) liave been. \V\ih rt^v^St vo h^V^x ^\WvaJ\^ \^« 



fpeak of the firfV regiment of Foot 
Guards ; but it is not improbable that 
fome perion, more intimately conncfl- 

* Perhaps it will be found on a calculation, 



(irdi myfelf. as I am far Ufi 
^ being thoughc a Poet, than of defcrr- 
]»g the aame of an ufefiil proTJacial 
Phyfieian ) 1 fiall not be at all cba- 
gnmtdp if tke coaplimest he ii pleafed 
to pay ma is the former capacity provet 
merely konical ; and Aall confofa my- 
lelf, under aay imputed poetical delin* 
quency^ in refliedinf «itii Biartialy 

Ken nobis licet efib tarn dileitify 
Qnl fAxdia pofimui feveriores. 

Cleiicuspoflefietfoina worth* and many 
Tirtuei, at leaa if we art to believe 
what ♦' i/fi dm%'* Thefts liawever^ 
II (cem»» remain at yet turewarded t 



.^'^^amp 



[Sept. 



Pcopratorii hojot urbb 
§erahat» etElixie fiiije 
Eamriplu WitbcabxB d« Townfend, 
ia comitatn Geftri«^ conjugii ejus, 

Virfialtlifeonrain alegantiis et 
monun comitale Ofregie omatus, 
pniditas vix cracfibili, ctinduftria, 
qwB fiec labovi nee aegritudini 
diintui'Bx fo oco b uit. 
Ifaadma antein lam efty 
food banevolentiai Tits integntate^ 
at erfa Denm pietattt 
netaini foit imper. 
ObHt4Kndia SeptenfarisA. D.i79S* 
jEnaii toe lti* 
Vile» 
Vir fonmie, 



f nter tul aBMnciifiiBas hocca 

cxi|iWBtt ^inaoiTit 

Cenotaphiaai Virtntibat tint lacruaa 

PoToit. 



Mr. Urb AW, Brigkilm Omf, Aug. x<. 
T F I had been progreftiire, I ihould 



and hif cefe remind* the reader of that Pietatis p^f»f ac ttmranun axemplar, Ydt» 

of Capr. Cormorant in the Beth 6uida» * *^ 

f< lia hiaofelf thiohs h* Mtf>t to be better 
preteTfea* 

I am only apprehanfire he does not 
go the readiaft way about \U 

Mr. Urban, in the aflfair of Mr, 

Headerfon* of Oxford, iioqe deceafed, f 'ii^ve mentionecT in* mv lafi, p. 685, 

you have received hintt, from more that on the fth a ftring of orders cama 

correfpondtents than oaci at to the im- om relative to the next day's march to 

propriety of ^brioeing forwai:d iiyiag Afiidown Foreft* The general was to 

char^mrt to , public view by naine* )|egt at moming-gun fire, inftead of tha 

I \^g leave to add (with dtie deferaaceX rcvelllie. So bri& were the men at tha 

tbat all lodicro\ie and difreipadrul allti- thoughit af quittnig Waurdown, they 

fioBt to ladividualf by name, in profe, ^vere up before the morn, and welcom* 

or verfe, ihould find ao place in ** Thi ^ ^^ gyn ^i|^ Qoif^ approbation ) tha 

dmiiiffiM's Meynxifl^.'^-'Uoping chat lent, were ftruck in an inhant» the tent* 

nothing of the kind, poles tied to their mufquets, and tha 

Ncc «ri detrrast praefeniia /feir, cooKing-kettlet fattened behind them. 

. , . . , . Thus a^ov/y accoutred, in additioa to 

for the futniv msy appear « ir^ I it- - . b^ . 



naia, Yoart, *c. JonirCRaMfi. 
Mr. UnBAtt, Oxfmit Stpi. 14- 



N 



knapfacks and canteens, thev remained 
under arms* till 10 o'clock (the hour of 
march). During thi^ languid period^ a 
volume of orders were read & and in 



\«r*« 7 . • •.*• •' ^ .' • ^ volume 01 orocrs were fcam , asu lu 

9^u^*Tir^ ''^^''^ '" ^"^r Ik' proportion as the fir ft efforts of tha 
loabla Obituary any notice of the l^^^,^^ 1,.^ ^^,. ^fs\„^^ .,,,v orher 



^^^^^^^^^^"^^^"2:. ^lAZ «^n»«fi had been aaive. every other 

late learned Mr. M«^^ ^J^o .^l*" p^n wa! flow j but to ihofe who know 

^J^^l u^tr* t^ ^^^tlt'!^ how to make alloxvance for the pcogrefs 

alStrabof has been longeapeaed from ^^ ^^.j,^ ^^ ^^ . ^^„ j^. 

tha Claranddo pr^ ; I no^ communi- .^^ ^/ ^^ ^^^ Srdcrwith which 

cate to you the foilowmg epimph, m- J^^ ^j^^j^ ^^^ conduacd, fuch may 

icr.bedoa^ mural monumait of wh^e ^^^ j^ Airprifed that the troops were 

marble, creaed to his memory mSc ^^^ ^f^.^ ^^^^^ 1,^^^,^ ^^^^ ^ 

John's Church m that city by his bro- ^^^ ^{^ock. ll was the length of ilnie 

that Dr. W.hum Friconer, an ami- ^. ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^y^^^^ had 

near phyfician at Bath, who(a various ^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^^ 3„d y,,^ ^, 

publ.catmas are well kaown. ^^^ ^^^^ puching their tents, there 

Yours, &c. Ac ADfcMlCUa. ^^/ ^ chearfulnefs upon their counte- 

M. S. nances, that could only be attributed to 

TaoMja PAicoiiE»| Armljeri, their having left Waterdown. When 

FilU naiu maxim! Ooliekni lalcooer, Arm. ,||g encaiDpmeot was formed, it helped 

Q;]i par phirei annos officium ,„ fin ^^ |„m« fine nrolutai. ocrhaos 



♦ Which Mr. Heiulerron lumfelf treated 
wnb the gre. tefi p!eafantry. Ed 1 1. 



to 611 up fome fine prolptas, perhaps 
more beautiful by the ground not aU 
iowiog the whole m ooe line \ the right 
^ing was upon the fide of a hill to th^ 



tnS-^ /ifir!/Mtf tMiiirtgmifhm iti Brighton'£bN^i f$^ - 

Wdlt ttd th* left 
im « dif«ftioa Eift ii 

OoMVudn w C^ttf utf tbc- horie ar- tree*. Thoufib 1 wis in the chknfter 

(Illcfj ««raia a nlkf ntmdiDg to the of a foldier, I could not hdp thinking 

liilllt— of VH0, «iih fimic Rrag- ai ■ mm. Tbe lutd wc were upaji 

gli^ xntM M tlMir rear, which wen wnotd ' bare coaiinuad to defcrre tb«' 

«ery«fiHF«lMtiieba(ftipie^;tteiedD»dn' namcof Fanft, if the •wiier bad re- 

then, Whra the weather wm dear, we i^aiited foiQc frcSi Mkt. And when k 

had « fifht of Ac fta, awd over tbc ti kiowa what [round conrlbitm th* 

WaoM of loSn ttatd plalllf oWerra beft to tii growth, tbe public- Tpintcd 

LcwM Caile, paittr encQapifled by ftould aner, br nc fik« of a Few ■■- 

the SMtth Dowoa i EaS Griautd wit a bubI ptineati den^ themAlvat lh« {4- 

mod objeA oo iha ri|ht f Hantficld ihfafiiM of Iccing ttia faTouivd tMibn- 

Chureb, and fcTctal fpiTM wtra before of their cpu w ry powiSF on their uul 

n ; aod iba coattaft of the diffarant tM fnr the admitage offottHtJ. '. 
farcft-dowDt. with ifce plentiful cn>p* Bat to man to tba foldier. Wa 

•f con and naadow ludi wai a praM refled oa Wir araia in a rabbit- warrw . 

fiffct M tbt laod-tamen, aad i« every At thtt period Avetal of iba inbaW- 

MM tllat ii dali^htad to fae pIcntT lantit ia altcw pi iag to aTwd dMnr,* 

IcKiarcd over th* ciith ■ and, "tboagh na into it, and wera ettWr reoririiirbf 

lift, Bot Icatr ia Ion," th« Infutry a ftardjr foot, or tbe butt-wd of a fire* 

fiMtniac la their flreen priparaEive to a lock. The feldieh coold neither ba 

£ald-da]r, aad the artittcrt^oking their charged with tmelt; or ibefti ai rtwn 

boifta» waa M aaiaiaicd a fight ■■ coald HndirAuod, if the cB«i»f tame aodar 

ha, aaNl aiada the raried fccnc worthy their feet, Aey were lawful "bttijr-tim^ 

iba pcacilof the Brll painter citant. bert" but ibey wereon do account (* 

.^nongfl tba orderi giTca out at ^uit their nuikt in pgrfiik of fa ignobla 

Aflidowa Foref), there wae one in nft a foe. After reiniiiiing for ■ coofider- 

of Iwaiingtbree giiDt bred rapidtyi the able tine under armt, whilfi the (ae> 

am were to put on their knapficKs and cefiftil foldirrt were glorying io tbeit 

prepare to narcb ; thii wai not put in fpoil, and idling how it became a Tic« 

execution, and, it !i fince thought, it tin to a kiqk, we were ordered nt 

WB* oaly givea out to keep up thk urual change pofition, and either advanced or 

' D of obliging the officer* to remaio retreated (( do not kaow which) fmA 

LBtly ia qoarteii, and at well ai liill to hill, ere 17 now aad then liking 

the men, to be alwafi read;. T^ii or- a peep at our mote diftani encampment. 

del wa> near throwing " etety corpi The fua wat declinieg very fall, and 

iato eoafufioD," for, one evening a Man we were b^ginnioe to think wc were to 

fired ftvaral inufqueti ia defence of hii perform lejpen— 'tar from our canv4(» 

potaioc piopeti]' : part of the Camp home~>4nit, on gaining a bteaky fnm- 

tliou^t it the k^fach fgaat, and mit, there were luritily no nfnre emi- 

tnrned out. The icarnn given was, oeneei in front. After reding lotfg 

that the cannon hid lb fRiall an allow- enough to be I'uStiemlj chilled, we 

ance of ponder on a Geld-dij, they were fcjo iced to heir the fuund of ihc 

could DOf (p*riicuiarlr when atoufed " merry niEcr]' drum," and the cheir* 

from fleepj tell the diftinfiion of Tound ful liandt i a fignsl that hat the I'ania 

between ihcm and iTLufquctJ. meaning ifi modern ta£ii(.kt ivith ihK 

Our week's duty on the Foreft wai formetiyaiade ufc of by the Ifrieliiet, 

pleafint, comparatiTc to our goingt-oa via;. " To your ttnli," &c. ' Betwcca 

at Waterdown. We hid only one day e'ghi and nine we readied camp, an<L, 

that approached to fatigue. On Satur- conciudid out dutv by eitiag duuDia 

day the line wat ordered out atfercni dinner allovvance nod gimd-huniour. 
but our giHid friend General Kniii caun- On the Monday, whdterer miljiket 

lermanded it. At fymptomi of fair (if eo/Ariiandcrt cjn (Bakeany) had pro- 

weather approached, fympiDuns of the ' ' ' 

f.eldiday kept pace with 11. Tliemen 

nere ordered co cook their dinncri; reached Chailey in good time. W11 

and at one the troopt fell in. We pur- equiil ^lee inJ regularity they fet 

facd our rodtc lowirdt Ucknellj pa<r> the ulx: mommg fnr Brighton j about 

ing orerfonietemporxrybridget Riiown four imlci betu.e they arrived r,n their 

over a rnall tteep-bankcd bniok. The gruund, iheir rcginientt were tormed 

IlilUwa HcncovermuA^ at fame time, in bttTa'>\Qni,iaviUK'Cvoi^c\<.'t^t.-]natt.&, 



7^4 kiUfs/r0ik^g}Aoti.'^Anii/s 0/ Pomftct, Vc. [SepW 



Jceepiog good wheeliog; diftaocc. The 
irregnlarity of the Downs frequently 
give an opportunity of feeing every 
regiment with a C9uP'd*9iiL Numbers 
of people came out to meet ut. The 
town, with the fea^ and the muflc, and 
the univerfal animation around, forne* 
what difTipated the fatigue of a long 
.march. Confpicuousamongft the fpec* 
tators was the Prince of Wales, in the 
honourable garb of his regiment^ look- 
ing both the Soldier and the Prince. 
We marched by his Royal Highnefs by 
divifions} officers falutingi and then 
wheeled round the town to our new 
ground, which appeared a little Paradife 
in compariTon. 

The water at our former Nations haa 
too much chalybeate in it to be plea- 
Hint. On Chailey common it was good } 
and on our arrival here we had the 
luxury of Bnding it could not be better. . 
This necefTary part of the comforts of 
life, with the delightful ground we are 
encamped upon, a full advantage of the 
fea> breeze, and the lively fcene con- 
tinually paf&ng and repairing in our 
front, make us hope we (hall have more 
opportunitiea of frequenting the Steine 
parade than we. had of viHtlng Tun* 
bridge- Wells. Befides, the Commander 
in Chief wonderfully gave ui an over- 
ilaugh from Wednefday until Monday; 
on which day we were out C\\ hours and 
n half; five of the hours dragged on 
with the ufual having nothing to do. 
We then began to form columns and 
lines. This intention was by way of 
drilling in the new fyflem. General 
Dundas, the modeller of it, gave his 
|>erronaI afliflance ; and I could not 
help remarking bow gracefully and ex- 
peditioufly he moved his fun -burnt 
hand, explanatory of his formation of 
the divifions into battalion. I dare fay, 
when we have brought his theoiy to 
pra£kicai perfection, we ihail never be 
a hair's breadth out. Old officers, that 
have been accuflomed to Hght after the 
old Ichool, find great fault with many 
parts of this celebrated fyftem. I be- 
fore faid 1 wat no judge of GeneralOiip, 
With equal propriety, I iball not pre* 
fume to fay any thing upon this head 
until 1 underftand it. 

1 find myfelffo jocular in confeq\ience 
of having had fome davs to look about 
Bie, that 1 foigot to mention we were 
viiited by a moil tremendous gale of 
wind on Saturday night ; iome tents 
vcrc blown downj but the generality 



rode as fnugly through the ilorm, as a 
man of war does that has lowered her 
top*mafts ; tb^ next momitig when I 
put juH as inuch of my head through 
the whirling canvafs as would (how 
me how my neighbours went on, [ 
tacked about, and hugged myfeif in the 
boot of my tent, which was every way 
as fnu^, and let in as much rain, as the 
favoured corner in th^ old' maofioa of 
tbe late Mr.Elwes. 

This dayi it is un^erdood, we are 
to bid adieu to our rcfpire \ horle, foot, 
and artillery, are to make a proud ap- 
pearance in the neighbouthood of ai 
place palled '< the Devil's Ditch." G'ur 
expefiations are raifed very high, at the 
name gives us reafbn to think there will 
be fomethiogeittraordinary. The men 
are to uke provifions and canteens of 
water ;> a good hint for the officers to 
be careful of themfelves ; and as the 
foldiers in fome of our field days havn 
had time enough to fleep foundly, Ut 
us hope, we ihall have time enough to 
eat heartily; and I will be bound the 
dinner manoeuvre will nor require any 
camp colours, to mark out tne line of 
march i exercife and hunger are the 
favourites of health and of mountains ; 
and in profpeft tbey promife to be 
equally lo with us ; as we are not likely 
to have the empty honour of dining 
with his Grace—** Duke Humphrry,'* 
Yours, &c. A Rambler. 

Mr. Urban, Sept. 14. 

I AM forry to fee fo inaccurate a copy 
of the inlcription on the Countef* of 
Pomfret in p. 719; and hope that you 
will infert in your next the following 
neceifary corrections : In line z, read 
"viduaij" 1. 5, *<pia prudenti venera* 
bill domifedai j" 1. 15, ** pietatis ;" 
1. 16, ** faciundum curavere." If the 
report at the time of the eredtion of the 
monument in St. Mary's church may 
be credited, this infcription wa& written 
by the very learned editor of Dcmof- 
thenes, Dr. John Taylor, of Cambridge. 
When will that Univerfity compete bis 
fine edition of that orator ? Who can be 
liiore eminently qualified for the work 
than the prefent Greek Profcflor thcie ? 
The *• two magnificent candelabra" 
in the Radclifi'e library, noticed in the 
fame page, were the truly liberal dona- 
tion of Sir Roger Ncwdigaie, barr. to 
the Univerfity f of which he was one of 
the reprefentatires in parliament fronv 
I750t0X78Q» OXOMfeNSIS. 

Mr. 



Mr.VMAH., OxtOM-'tn/i.^t- i^ Tliitii'diS 



nilei 



> httr fi 



Miaa ftroBght bcfon.the public cji Bv" and ftdtereil b* the maa 
■hcMtof jourMagitine, and^ i^^b" Wh'ep' the North wind b1 
I eanaot but acknaiiTlcdie my ^!)^'-' *crfrd do hiirfcbick, or a 



I RAVE jnA B«ir beta not « liule .Telnmimth r and 
furpHied in the feeiof ■ buildloit of Twd^ fatirtgatlow-^vriMrfatrd «nde*ea, 

. I ... U-. L. ^..t.,:..'.. >_.. —J M..1 — J .._ .1,^ moDMiittuui diA 

) blawi, ire trk>> 

__ ,,_ ._.,.,_. . _ _ iroa foot/by I h« 

tioBi to your fnir cfirrer^ndent for thft' c6ii>piny who refort tn ibr totra. AU 
coaplimcnn Ac hatb |«id me in tht- moft ^hc lirfl objtd which prefrati tt- 
bitviiigro'bHdfoiaeljBanccdiit p-493>' '*"> 9" ■J>pr<»cbiag ibeMwa from tbit- 
yttlmuft be^leatctoobfcm; thittbe qutrttr, » the church of EaftTcifB. 
csfraTerind tbc priBier:(far I will Dot mouth r of which, from the cuirfeiit 
. imputa them to tha lid)} hv* been ctaimi that it hath on aniinniiy, md tba 

SibjofafeiviBaceuraeiM. Id the print, uncoomMier* of the buildiag, I gias 
: Bcartr l»ttr>ra iatBtdeJiflimilar to jou a fcctch. (Setplaie ll.jtg. t^J 
• 4bs whar, whitk it cotrcAi and th« ' Tha' data of the crcilioB of ibia 
•; flBil|ar pitUra, which T^ppoit tha roof chnrcb, ar rather tower, of Saft Teiga- 
-„' dFthafairGare,lhoii]d hive been round.' mourh, ii unknown. T^ R^Ic of af 
; 4i, with a Gothic b*fe and capital,^ chiteAure earriei it back tsto the aarif 
. '■Arf of. Ha Ida wn" BtahU hive been periods of Cbriftianitj, aad with pro>. 
,. tlprcfuRM) "/M oMTaldow^j" aqd, babilitjit rtiiy be referred to the Nor., 
•a Aa lady confefle) ;hai' Ait luib Bo lAant, The rotiad toner coane£>e4 
llMDaiatance with' Horace, ' are ' will with the rqaaie ane, the window* Dir> 
crale " ittrrtiiut,'' and rcftore ihe rruff row -with icinieircalir archei, and tha' 
riaidiBK*'Hi/rrii«/," In the enmpanroB coibelt ( Head • of man oranitnala, lit, 
formed between DawHlh and Teign- placM a*' oniamAial fupportt t» ihs 
■louth, I muf) uwD (howeWr I tnaj parapet), arc markt of a Siaio or Nar- 



from I he fa i 



T»ka awar ihc church 

I, and (hey would &- 
vour more or a military than a rcligioua 
llruflurei and it may not be chimerical 
to fuppofe (hat ihey may hire been ap- 
prnpriMicd to the mirpofc of defence, 
and ihii the pirtofthe ediRee which i» 
the church ((hough that alfaiiantieBt}' 
may have been added. 

The inhabiiaati of Eift Teiffnmoiuh 
1 long paft boatttd of the anii« 
F their town, afferiing that, ta 
rcfpefi, it could vie with Exeter 
itfelF. In Jupport of thii, there are re- 
cord i nf iti having been plundered by 
ihc Danci on ihiir firA anival , aad (aa 
a G6llaieiil leftiman^) they mtghi pro« 
duc( thechjrcii. 

Thii ctiii<>u> building Utait in a 
minocr on ihe be<>ch, being pruc^d 
ODiy from'the walhiD^i of ih* tide by B 
wjII I a circurn Dance that fetm* to point 
out the encroachment of tiic lej j for^ 
there would be an abfurdiiy in the fupa 
portion that an admce of fuch a naiu e, 
railed in limtt when a fltcltcicd.rituaiioD 
' I halt wai confidercd at lodDpcnfable, would 
known more than iwiiiiy yctrti and, have been crcAedoa the ittand, eap<. led 
(hough it it inctilaniiy buffeted by ibe to the raging ocean, knd liable, b/ iha 
wavci, there appear) lo be iKj fcnfiblc aflauiti that might be madciin ii, to an 
diminutiun. early and'ioial hibverfion. The ['cEOcry 

S<remutii3circu<nbtr»it:buiiiDdii »f «hii pMri n lingularii piaurelfluej a 

Mols ceiiett feopol. iiequicquam et rnumea "fine range of Aor* iiendt to ibe hUft 

circurn ' ^ ^ and WelUtle.lli»o>i..le[i .hepcrru. . 

ftuuli-EiTiuiKibieriqueillirarefuiidituratga. taiid luck aad tba Clerk vt coulpiciV' 
Gent. Mag, iv/renMr, I*;;}, ...»_-. .«ub 

S, 



o the elegance of her laAe in ihi 
oincr pacti nf her defcriptinn) that try 
feniimcnti here diSer— Daorlifh hath 
certainly all the beautiti afrribcd to it | 
but Teignmouih hath undoubtedly 
many mote tbin the lady will allow. 
The fittiaiion of the latter, and iii en- 
viron! in particular, are remarkably 
piAurefqDe. The following defcHption 
may convey an idea of the place, and 
will perhap* warranty in fbme mearure, 
Riy not coinciding with the (Ihall I call quity of their 
h) partiality of your corTcfpootleBt. "■" ' ' " 

Half-way from Diwlilh, at the little 
village of Holerombe, a line conduQi 
to (he Qiore. Here the fca bathworn 
the clilT into cavcrni, beiling hard 
Bgaiolt a promontory, anil feparaling 
the loofer part* fro:n the mote [olid 
rock I ihii is a dininguilbing point, 
^om the ringuliiity of a uide opening, 
like the arch of a ruliic bridge, and of 
an high mali of rock which ftandt de. 
tarbed and ai a pillar amid the wav«i 
marking the country, and kno.vn to ii 
by the vulgar appellatron of "The Par 



786 Eaft TeigamoQtli C%irrri^.«-Afargate, Arundel. [Sept, 

ous on the one point, and the Neft «t rows and the orchards hehind form a 

Shaldon, with its village, on the other, fine contraft to the houfet, and give 

The church and tower, with a groupe theai a pleafing relief. But the view up 

of handfome huildingc, and the cliffs the river is the mod bewitching; it is 

(of the redded tintt}, fcooped out by ooe of thoCe which the eye dwells on 



the fpray from the furget that beat 
againfl them, rife one above another in 
a grand and uncommon fucceflion. 
Camden dates the arrival of the Danei, 
A. D. 800 ; bur Rifdon protraAs it for 
near two centuries. Their firil attempt 
on this place, where they flew the king's 
Jieuienant, having been fucccfsful, they 
took it for a favourable omeni and with 
fuch inhuman barbarities they fo profe 



with delight, and witho'>t wearifome- 
nefs. The width, from Oiore to (hare, 
is full half a mile; nor i« the (pace 
contra^ed for a con(ir}erable wav, the 
tide fl-jwiof; as far as the town of New- 
ton Bu(hel i and the fcencry on either 
oF its (horts is of the rooft rural and 
pleaHng kind, rich in wood, and inter- 
minified with gentiemcn*& feats, villages, 
and hamlets. Such is Teignmotith. 



cuted thrir concjuefts, that the very cliff Tbe beauties ' f D.iwli(h are of a diffc- 



I 



(he r red) feems (fays the HiHorian) 
ct to memorize the hloodflied and ca- 
amitics nf the lime. Hence there atifes 
a fohition to this fingular phznomenon; 
and naturalifts, who have hitherto been 
puzzled for a caufe why the earth in 
tbefe parts of I>evon, and particularly 
ajt>und Exeter, poflfcffed that deep red 
hue, may thus 6nd it eafily accounted 
for. Nor have the Danes been the only 
foes to Teignmouth. In later timet it 
hath fuffered to as great an extent from 



rent nature; they are contraf^cd with 
one another, and acfmit not of compari- 
fon. Yours,' &c. J. S. 

Mr. Urban, Gr^ns^i, Aw^, 7. 

AS you enter Arundel by the hnn- 
don road, you pafs through Mary 
gate, where, the author of the Antiqui- 
ties of Arundel informs us, Thomas 
Fira Alan, Earl of Arundel (%vho died 
O-^. 13, 141 5), founded a chapel in 
honour elf the Bleffcd Virgin Whnt he 
the French. But it was then a poor endowed it with I have not been <ib!e to 
place i it hid not recovered the beauty Icarn. It appears to have been a ^\ic 



and the opulence (it was its boa(l to 
make) that it held in other days, pre- 
^ious to the devaftations made on it by 
the Danes ; and, having few houfes but 
«vhat were thatched, ii hud of courfe but 
little to be deprived of. Like the phoe- 
Bix, with fuperior beauty it hath rifen 
from its a(bcs ; its houfes, compared to 
what they were of yore, are palaces; 
its inns are good, and its accommoda- 
tions equal, if not fuperior, to any 
other place of fummer refort in Devon. 
From the Den, a vafl (and bank cx- 
iMinding before the town, over which a 
walk hath been lately laid of fuperior 
beauty, tbe profpcfl is enchanting; tbe 
riverTeign,whenthetideisout, is beheld 
making a fwecp around the lower part 
of Weft Teignmouth* and is then not 
more than a gun-(hot broad; but, at 
blgh-water, the narrow (Irenm is con- 
verted into a moft noble expanfe of wa* 
ter; and, what were fand-banks, in the 
fpace of a few hours, have ailumcd the 
appsirance of an Kftuary. At this fpot 
the builie and importance of commerce 
at:ia£t the attention. Here ftands the 
cuflum-houfc, and here the axe of the 
llkipwrighi and the mallet of the cauikcr 
are (een. Hence al(Q is feen, in a 
very pi£bire/k|4c manner, the more mer- 



belonging to the college of the Holy 
Trinity, in Arundel; and it is reafon*- 
able to fuppofe, at the Diffolution, it 
was coniidered as a part of that founda- 
tion, and- its revenues included there- 
with. A few years ago, part of the 
arch of the gateway was (landing ; but, 
appearing dangerous to pafTcngers, it 
was taken down, and left in its prefent 
aate (Ji§ pimigiL fig. a). Thefe re- 
mains ferve as cottages for poor people. 
This (ketch was taken from the N.VV. 
Yours, he. T. S. 



Ml . U R B A N , Coventry t July 3 o. 

I SEND you a drawing (pUte IJ, fig, 
3.) of the pot in which the i8oo Ro- 
man coins, mentioned in your prefent 
volume, p. S3, were contained: it was 
broken by the labourer, but the frag- 
ments have been cemented together, 
and the drawing is a faithful reprefeuu- 
tion of its prefent appearance. 

The Iccond pot was much broken 
when dificovcred, but appears, from the 
fragments, torcfcmble the formei, only 
is (mailer; the coins, though fnid to Uc 
better prefervcd, and larger, were prc- 
cifely the fame forts, &c. as thofc Ttiil 
difcovertd. 1 examined the coins found 



in the larger pot minutely, and waiTur- 
tile parts ot the town. The hedge- prized to obteif c amongft that number 

only 



enly mm (carta iwwtiU, me. con* 

•TAMTIHVl AVO.i Kvcrfe, tAKHA- 

Tt« DKVICTA I of «b)ch, being ra- 
ther tincommon, 1 fnd fou i dnwingi 
J^. 4 There wcte tliice of that iTpe* 

ThedifcOTfry of ibefe coint hlf fo 
■tueh flmig>heDCd aa idea which hat 
lately firuck roe, that I am induced w 
la^ it b«For« jtniY readen. 

Warwidi and MtDCctcr arc generally 
xllowcd to have been Rotniin Ititilone ) 
that ihetc waf a commBniriiioD be- 
t»eea ihrm cannot be douhtcdj and 
prabablj fo miith that a raarf mtt made 
for that purpore. Agreeably to the Ro- 
inan meihod, that road would be nearly 
it> a Itniaht line; and Coventry, Eotef- 
hill (crpccially the farm on »h'ch the 
pot* of coin wtrc found), Exhall, .and 
the celebrated Roman camp ii Camp- 
hill,. pTtfent thtmrctTei in that lintf. 
In ihe lift fumtner, the Sreet in Co- 
tcaliy called Broad-)>a>e wai ofcncd to 
^he depih oF (ire or fix feet, when a f' 
gofar paTcaxnt waa difca*ercd, aaJ 
vpon that pavement a coin of Nero in 
middle brafs (which i* in my pulTelTion}. 
Now ihii ftteet ii^pjecifelj in the direc- 
tion fuch a road may be fuppofed to 
have takrn ; the farro at Folelbill (call- 
ed BulitRcr Field faim) a continuaiion 
oF that diieaioD; and on Bcdworth 

road ItadiDg on lowardi Cnmphill and 
Manceler. From a confide rat ion of 
thcfe circumftancei, I amled lo think, 
that fuch, a toad did afiually eiill) and 
I think tl>e following cairaA from 
Grofe, article WirwickOiire, will add 
conAdctabla weight to rey opinion i 
"Two of (he Roman military wayi 
lead ihiough thii county; one, the 
Waillng-flrcflt the other, the Folli^. 
way. From Warwick there are many 
faranche', ai lb many raJii (o liitTcrci 
direaiont in the tDu"[y.' 
opinion, howeTcr, "Mr, Urb 
bigot, and (hall readily letiafl it on fee- 
ing greater arguiDcnli for in non-eitift- 
CDce produced by any of your intelli- 
geat rcaderi than 1 have b'ouf>ht lo 
J'upportit. EXPLOXATOlU 

* Mr. Uabak, LiitfJIer, Jmj, i6. 

I SEND you a copy of a hne gold 
coin, found in Noi'th-gai* Itreei, on 
Thtirfday lal), near the fue oF Si. Pe- 
ler'a church, in repairing the |>Bveinent 
of that flieer, nnd now in my puSelfion. 
(SitfUielll.JSi.s). 

Thii coin, wbich adda to the oamber 
fl( the ntiTAordiur] Kvima ditoreriea 



To thit 
> I a 



itiade In Ldettar thh prcffenr ybr, *a> 
found amM^fl foma rnbblA^ 6r rather 
raina aF foina old baitdiop-i, which, at 
fome diQant period, had been ufad'to 
raiFe ihir parr of ihe Areet whera it waa 
direaiared. It it in the higfarfl prefer- ■ 
vation, eiceptinfr in Tome placet w he ra 
it t« Indented, wbich might have bea* 
occafinned by baipg tepeatadly toSM 
about daiiqg the variety of vieifliiudea 
(hit aniient place 'hit tindeigone. It 
wrighi 4itwit. lagraina, Rotjad til* 
hea^ it iHp. CAE*. kBX. TKAiAHa. 
OPTIMO. AVO. OtB. DAC. On ib« 

leverfa, r. m. tk. co>. ti. p.p. tp^. 
which it aadcrftood to be Pm^ix Uwr- 
imm iriiMwkim^it^mtt eta/ml jtM.faltr 

{'»lrufimalmt ptfmlKffm Rtmmiat. The 
egend round the bead iiircll undcr- 
ftood. 

I betiere that thit it the only nid 
coin of tna Rbmaat aver fbaod in LcU 
ccSer. I have heard of no-oihar. Cop. 
per coint, tec. have beea, and are now, 
lraf|ncntty found ttwr«r particularly in 
the antieat or Roman part of the totra, 
where ihii wai difcovertd. 

Yonri, Sec. JoUN T>k«1BT. 

Mr. USBAH, Aug. ly. 

CAN any of yaurrcadei^ give infor- 
mitioa concerning ttit author of a 
poetieal 'iFe of the nell-kaown Sir Mi- 
cholai Throckmorton, ambaSador to 
France in the reign of Eiiaibeibf It 
wai written at that time, and haa can- 
lidc'tbla merit. Sir Nicholaa ii fup- 
pofcd to appear in a dream to bit ne- 
phew, and [eiate the pcinciptl incidcntt 
of hit life. Ai it doe* not appear is 
hare ever been printed, the coatlading 
ftdHta i* fubjoined at a fpectmen i and, 
at fame future opportuaiiy, a fileftioa 
of fome curioui and intercDing particu- 
lar! 0)411 be given if approved of. 
" Roeoont my Uh by yeans, by morahtj by 

Seekontadmn orfemplaoftrtipiAy', , 
My fweetiUidoat) uiifiila my bitter fuuret 

Will poize OKhgnod with ouncatof aUof. 
And tbii aicauil I fiva thaaiiMv akM, 
Mf ftint it pafi, and I mult oc*la ba ■ooa.". 
Youri, ace. 3. S. 

Mr. Ukbah. ~ J^g. j«: 

NOT being Ikilted in Nat«r«l Hit 
tory, 1 lend yon (be drawings of 
fome flinli*, in hope* your UiriKd 
Efpor>d.:ntt will give your eoaftant 
;ion on the Uj.a. ■ 






» SoravwliBjBl)|,fl.I,>.*aV' 'S.lWt* 



J99r Curious SbeSs.^^Lord Mansfield's JVritlngs poinud out. [Sept. 



The place from which the fpeciment 
were had is called Gocklebury, and hat 
htid that name for feveral years. Ic lies 
in the pariih of Rri^nol, in the North 
Riding of YorkOiire. The infdfts in 
the fiiellt were living when brought to 
mc; and the willocks moved upon my 
table. They arc found in a morafs, or 
peat-moft-earth, in confiderable quan» 
titles, in the fummer feafon, when the 
weather makes them afceod towards the 
furfsce ; in the winter they are feldom 
found. The roorafs is on the fummit of 
a confiderable eminence, diftant near 
thirty miles in adire6tiine from the fea, 
and at the height of 1500 feet, or there- 
abouts, abdve the level of the fea. The 
drawings are taken in the fall (ize. 

The petrified-foakc lionet, or eornu 
ammonist found near Whitby fears, 

.feem to be of the fame kind as thetwifl. 
ed ihells { and Naturalifts have fpoken 

-of them as being various in magnitude, 
from an inch diameter to nine inches. 
I (hall ihopc for fome account whether 

, fimilar fubje^s have been obtained j and 
I beg to obfervc that, in order that the 

. fpecimeas ma« be duty pieferved for the 
infpe6tion of the curious, one portion of 
the Ihells is placed in Mr. Allah's Mu- 
feum at Darlington, in the county of 
Durham; and the other portion has 
found a place in Mr- Cfofthwaite's Mu- 
feum at Kefuvick, in Cumberland. 

I hope this will fupply the loft of my 
former letter t and beg to fubfcribt mj- 
feif your obliged correfpondent. 

Sknex. 



Mr.DftBAN, Jyg-i^^ 

CORRECTOR, p. 618, will find 
Lord Mansfield's Dired^ioni, for 
the Study of antient and modern Uif- 
tory, to the Duk^ of Port'and, in the 
European Magazine for March 17919 
, pp. 18a, 857. His recommendation of 
' a courfe of ftudy in' law, to Mr. Drum* 
mondy is in the fame volume, p. 418. 
Yours, &c. D. H. 



Orfginttl Documints ۤnctrnitig Mr. Ro- 
BLRT WodD't EUSlommi All Souls 
College^ Oxford, 1711. (C§ticlkded 

f)m p. 722). 
HE next morning, Wednefday, 
the young gentleman, with his hi* 
ther and Dr. Hat wood, took coach for 
London, having received diie6tions from 
Dodors Commons to haften to town ; 
and the appeal was received by the 
archbiihop, and orders fent to the Col • 
Je£c to Appear at Lambeth to anfwcr 



thereto; which they doing by their fyn- 
dick, nothing was done that day but 
matters of form, and adjourned to Ja- 
nuary I5lh; when, the arclibilbop ha- 
ving taken his aiTeflbrt, the Col!c^e eo« 
tcred their protcft againd the appeal, al- 
leging that the viHtor's power was lo- 
cal, and could nor call them to Lam- 
beth, though in great refpefl to his 
Grace they had obeyed; that in the cafe 
of eleflions he could not interpofe, it 
being charged upon their confciences, 
and therefore left to their judgement 
alone 1 that the viHtor's power was re- 
flrained to the members of the College; 
and therefore, the appellant not being 
of that body, his cafe was not cogniza- 
ble before him. All which was largely 
pleaded by Serjeant Chcfhire, Mr, 
Wills, Sir Conftantine Phipps, Dr. 
Fhipps, Dr. Strahan, and Mr. Wil- 
brahftm (brotlur to one of the Fellows 
cled), for the College; and anfwered by 
Dr. Henchman and Dr. Andrew, the 
appellant not having retained any com- 
mon lawyers, taking the cafe to be out 
of their way. But, the arguments on 
. both fi Jes being very long, the farther 
hearing of the caufe was deferred 10 
January a5th; when, after a long de- 
bate that day too (for each day's plead* 
ing was not Jefs than feven hours), the 
tintor declared for his own juriidiftion, 

fironounced the adtnillion of two Fel- 
ows cle£l null and void, and, with the 
concurrence of all parties, appointed 
February ult. for hearing the merits of 
$he caufe. Thcit day being come, the 
archbiihop had called in to hit aiiiflance, 
befides his former aflciTors, Mr. Baron 
Gilbert; but the College had not the 
good manners to appear, but diopped 
the caufe without the formality of an 
excufe; and, though the fame counfel 
as a6led for them (except Serjeant Che* 
fliire) attended, they declared they had 
no orders to fpeak for the College, being 
retained only on behalf of the perfons 
elc£V. Upon which the College were 
pronounced contumacious ; and, the fate 
of the eleAed depending upon the claim 
of the appellant, they proceeded to exa- 
mine into it; and, becaufc fo many of 
the common lawyers were on the other 
iide, the appellant's counfel thought 
proper to take Serjeant Cummins that 
day intotheiraffidance, to an fwer points 
that wer$ darted in that profelfion. And 
the bulinefs of this day was to prove, 
that the confanguinity have a prior 
rjght, that their quahiicationt are poli- 
live ind not comparative, and that tht y 

are 



are aoi, like caramon ciadiduct, left lo Mufti-wit pnbat. He ivHt at lb* n« 

tbccipiiceof a ctimifmriw. Tbcf queftof ihe archbift'ip, pravailad apof 

entered inio the proof of ihc tppclUrft'* to go wi(b th* profion on botb Mc* 

nlHion, asd KfTcKd ihc pedis n c «hich (■* bicnnleiit wn igretd) to theoffiea* 

he had (xl.ibitcd to tht Cotlcsc in cti* tn inrpefi ihe book*, and make their 

Atmfn but B-r'D Giluert uhjcfted to reponi and, nraviag the poioi forth* 

lhi> ■> of no Tiliditr in. WrUniinfter- ^Ttftat, ibit bo tine might be loft, ih« . 

hell, and thai ihc Hetaldi book* ihcm- cnunfcl )>rncecded lo prove the Ippcl* 

fclTci wtr« diiIt allowed) tfui ihe dif- lant'f abiliiiei, which, tbey faid, th* 

6cu!tv of geit'Dp tbem, in ihii md ibe aichbUbopuiiEhl ctfilj hj tsamiaaiio* 

like cafei. where the* Grur hat an power (ii'itfj bimfelf in. And bete rtfleiiona 

to command them, being urfjcd, it nil nerc.unworthiljinade In th« dcpofiti^a 

put upon the appellant luprri bii de- of the College upon oath, which wefeaM 

fceai fume nther nny, 'Ii l«ioe aj;reed lead, bnt, by the couDter-depoGtiaBi of 

from ibe Cnl e|jc Reamer, that Hkbolat the >ppell4ait faibcr and Dr. Harwooda 

Wood, ID thit ptH'^rce-mentinned, waa ftemcd not iht Jeafe of the College at 

a fnandcr't kinlnitn, and admiited ■* tbeiiiHofeleakn, and which appealed 

fach, the whale iffuc of the appellant'! ei^dcBtl]! falfs and fcabdaloui upoa iha 

relation wai put HT>aa hi* proviag hi* cBaininatioa the appcllHt afterward! 

dcfteat from him. Thui ihr matter wat underwent bf the archbilkop'i appoiat- 

adjourned uDanifflouIly lo April 17. (ill meat. But on* thi» thej objefied lo^ 

' I fummoaa which w». very fiaguTar, and that wu| 
/cetral ftiraeoacai'di.wetainhiaihainei 

.... -but,, when Jt wai. called for, tht]> bad 

commiHioDi were girEB out to take tka -baral ifr'BgaiDftcortaioD'pnfiicei aad 

inter rogatoriei on both fidei. That ihui tbey fliSed' ihetr own cTideac*. 

which Aas rent to OaFord bmught the While thefc ihing'i were in dcbaie, Mr. 

deporuions of ilie tvaidca, and about AuDin and the two pro£lare returned 

ten of the Felfowi, And fur ihe appet. with the boo^tt of tbe uSce, which be, 

lant were llvcratly examined. April with the cunfent of the other hertldt 

•7 being ciiiiii;, the archbilbop attended whom be found there,, had leive to 

by his ihree ^frrffoti. Fui ihe College brmgwiih hiai, fbich f« fullj- anfwereil 

appeared the lame cnunl'et at at the Mil all ohjcSioni, and oiide oui' ilic pcdi. 

hearing ; .'nd fo' ih: S{'p-I'aiil nai add- -grce jo pla n in all iti parii, that Baion 

ed to the farmer S^rjcmt Pen):i:lly. The Gilbeit deolarcd ibcra wit no difpute of 

appttlani'i counfci pruned bis dtlccnt ■(■ Nothing moie wai entered tx m- 

by rin old Family Bible, uliereio Nichn- farmalintr but the deiieaiioa of bii 

la< Wood had enieicil the brih of aJI -own children, which, faid they, i* al- 

hUchildreni indby the willof Edward, ivajp*' allowed fuadcBt, Tb ere were 

' ' ' '■■•■'■■■— ■ whereby many other Jiiiinf; objeftiuat mide | a 

I Wood, -Ank^og cdOle Eatchiag at every twig; 

nil cxccucir, ana i>iic ie^;iiiei to hi) "and between five tod fix ih.; COuit broke 

feveral fiileii v. Bimicd in thai Bible, up, the archbiOlop deciaring he-would 

Which T<iotrji W.i.<d, then living, f^iid bw lenience to the College in wii- 

W3S father of E. Wood, wbi- is the ta- ling. About a furti]i)|ht after, the aich- 

ihcroF the appcliani. And the pedigree liilhopgave a commilfion to Br. Catcor, 

delivered agre>:iiig with ihit uas .il- hit chipiam, and Mr. Cbitcbly, bi* ft- 

lowed a corroborating evidence, though cteta/y, to eidinine the appellant, wboin 

enc rufScient of itlelf, Jiqwcvli, an they lent for to LambctR 1 and, upan 

ur.lDcky objcA^on being lianed by Dr. liiti, rctun^ed m anfwer, that they were 

f hipps, that ht .vas intoniied, ittix in - Well faiitlied in bit pcrfotmancctj aad 

the tieraldt boi.... n ^vincmaikcd, that -annexed hi> theme. to their leport tor 

the dcduftion • ' Ck pedigree troin Ni- the sichbiUiop'e perofal. Upon whlab 

choUi V.'osJ 1' .i uk n tx inftrwtmtmti the anhbiUiupoidered-a mandate to the 

ejufdtm Tbomn jitftijliia, <ad thai the College, luadinii tbe appcliiniupob the 

whole credit ut the acuuni depended ' tcrmt ol hi> cUlm within i; diyij at 

upon bii liagl^ wurd, iiuccsfioned fome the fame time profefling that he never 

Aock, and the appclUni't counfci were teMircd mute IftittaCtion in aoj caifo 

under ■ lurpriie, not having ibe booki inhitlifei that be wat well aflurcdof 

befare ibemi but, at it todunJitly hap* the yoiiog geniieman'i abilitiei ; asA 

pened, Mr. Curiii, King ai Anni, ihai the C.llcge had dojie him gteatio- 

whofc vuioi-nf led Ittm to hear Uio juUiGc. The mandate wu 1s»«1mv)^ 



79d 



^puniif^s jS?« tff All Souh.~Ferfis ly ShenftODC. [Sept 



the wirden by th^ appcllaiit, wkh • 
public notary , whoreceifcd him with a 
fort of contempts and, though he waited 
on him feveral timet in the fpace pre« 
fcribcd, yet he could not wtt a pofitive 
or a civil anfwer, but ^ouitts towards 
himfelf, and harfli reflexions upan his 
friends. But, a day or two before the 
time expired, the warden, and Mr. 
Digby, one of the Fellows, applied to 
the archbilhop againft the mandate t 
who recciirinf; them with more courtely 
than from their undutiful behaviour 
they could reafonably expeA, and tclU 
ing them he would advile with his af* 
feSbrs, and that theyihould hear from, 
him in a week's time, they returned to 
Oxford in a fort of triumph, flattering 
themfelves that the archbiihop would 
not inflft upon bit mandate. But in a 
little time they found thcmMvet mif- 
taken ; for, a fecond mandate wat fcnt 
to Ozfprd, requiring the warden, under . 
the penalty of fufpeofion^ to admit the 
appellant within three dayt after fight { 
which #at ferved upon the warden at 
hit boufe at Cowley, near Oxford, Sa- 
turday, July 15, by the appellant, at- 
tended by a friend t which being that 
peremptorily charged upon the warden, 
Drought him to a better temper, and be 
BOW ufed the young gentleman with 
more civility. The Toefday following 
he was admitted in the hall of the Col- 
lege, after ukingthe ufaal oatha before 
the Fellows and a public notary, firins 
tt fmndmioris C9»/Mguiniut i when the 
warden, being conlcious how ili him- 
felf and the foctety had ofed him, to 
heal OMttert at well at he could, toid 
him he muft forget what wat ptti 
which they, it is to be feared, will, in 
a worfe fenfb, be too ready to do, if 
they are not frequently reminded by 
frefli claims f and it is to be hoped the 
■eft of the conOingaiaity will take coo- 
rage enough at every opportunity to af« 
lert their right, fince Mr. Wood at fo 
touch expence and trouble, at a com* 
non benefa^or to the founder's kin- 
dred, has thus gcaeroufly opened the 
way, and judicially relicTed an oppreff* 
•d title. 

Mr. VtB4ii^ Sshp^ Miy 19. 

IN Mr. Graves's ** Recolleaiont of 
Shanftone," p. 37, menti<Hiiag the 
ftrly part of hit life, he lays, ** about 
this time Mr. Shenftone wrou feveral 
little pieces of poetrjr» moft of which, X 
Mitfe, art buned m obliviom'' 



The incIoTed little ballad was given 
me by an intimate acquaintance of 
Shenftone, which he wrote at Broome, 
on his couBn Mifs Dolman taking fome 
verfes Irfc upon his tabic x this may be 
one alluded to above ; it certainly wat 
written about that time 

Broome is a fmall vilUge on the bor- 
der of StafTorddiirey near Ua^lcy, (the 
featofLordLyttelton). There Mr. Shen- 
ilone fpent (ome of hi& Juvenile hours 
at his uncle JDolman's} and in this re- 
tirement he rometimes amufed himfeif 
by wtiting little pieces of poetry, as 
mentioned by hit friend Graves. I have 
fent a fmaM drawing of the Church 
(plan 111. fg. i,)f as it appeared in . 
1786 ; it is not unlikely this may be 
the only one to be met with, though I 
have heard the friendtof Shenflone wifli 
for a view, as it is a place mentioned in 
his works, and which his uulIc Dol- 
man, 1 have been informed, intended 
to have procured for him if he had taken 
mdcri. yPor a farther dtfcription of 
Broome, fee Cough's Camden Vol. 11. 

Yours, &c. A. n. 

« 

In Broome foneat, in Broome fo clean, 

In Broume all on the grecu ; 
O ! there die) 1 fee as bright a lafs. 

As bright as ever was fee ). 

Bar hair was of that very brown. 

Thai doth all browns excell ; 
And there's never a hair on all her head^ 

But curb delightful well. 

1 what Ihall I do, the poet he faid. 

My fate is paft compare. 
For ^ takes all the ▼cries thai ever I make^ 

And with tbeoi curie her hair. 

Bat, would the leave her curling craft, 
And hie to the greea»weod with nne, * 

rd carve my love 00 ev'ry bough, 
And her name on ev'ry tree. 

She t wirbher hair ere break of day, ' 

And makes fo fure a chain, 
That never was hearteotangled there 

Did ever get loofe again. 

But, would (he leave her curling craft, 
And dwell in the green- wood with me i 

I'd give her a bonnet as green as the gratis. 
And a floantle down to her knee. 

Alasl alas! and well-aday 1 

Tkis IboUih beait of mine. 
To think that a Ibnaet fo vile and meaOf 

Sbuuid tempt a lals fo fine. 

There's never a nut in the filbert-hedge. 

So brown as Chlot's hair ; 
And not a floe in the bramble bolh, 

Can with her egret compare. 

Mr. 



^BOOJfB CMVKca. 



^jAUM;2*':^VAii>L'auA;- 



h 1 make no diubt but Ihi* more 
iicd pari once made ihs bud. 
It it doubilcli of SjI'HI workmmlh'pi 

■I ii alfo the itnutr and unicnQVMcd 
part of ihe church, uf which ihc founder 
and tXi& dite of erEftion *rc, P bc- 
IlcTc, Dnknnwn. JuQ on (he wcllcrn 
edge of ibe diiirch-yird it aUige firrn- 
houfe thil WM built upon the ruint of 
■n iDticot kit {prnbiUy « huntin^-re- 
lidcDCe} of the km^^t ol Mcrci^, aad 
wheie (he famaui 0/<, it mav he Iccn 
by bit chirteri iofencd in Hlmiufni, 
much iciidcd. For faTihcr p'ar'ticulRri 
of this place, which it well "■oiiby the ■ 
nonce of an an'iquary, Dr. Nalh may 
be cnnfutied. Thii cror> having ef 
captd his obftiv^ilinn, I thought it me- 
riicd foDic de'c iption, and am, 

• Yours, iic. W. T. 

P. S. Ir it the w.fli of maoy people 

kithitcuuniry.tbai you would ^nnountc 

to your readeii the fjxed^ pubjicat'on 

: Cfariftmai, I hope,) of the 



Damenwd wiih 7 ur 6 very cuiious aod 
ViciNexecu'ed e'igiav:ii)->. The ie< 
count of the Alibo , a very iplrndid 

fiom any records already in |*riat j but 
■ImoU entirely fuundtd tin two ^niMot 
US legiltcrt of the abbey, piifirrcd in 
the BftUllt MulCBB, MU 0^ tbCBMDKHIg 



pciloBi It* CO rref ponding tide ■■ of tin, 
■ad nearly of the faine fi*e »nd lliap* 
■I ibemie juft defcribedi (be (hird (fov 
it ha> only ihiee) it of the fiinie meial, 
and neirlv a parallelogram. Thele aM 
«f/coBntCled by wjre. 

Tbe boot and Dim arc madeof ftrosf 
)ea(hcr, and are allti fened wKhwirct 
but, nntwithftanding this, they arc-now 
in 1 fiatc of mouldering deny, an4 
gieatlT mutilated, not by Tiolence, but 
by iimt; ihii giyet one reaf^n to think 
that they ire Mtiient. To the 'boot it 
filed a tuire J^w, affatimlj in ihn 
Time manner ■> they ar» at thlttjnic, 
u'ith two leather ftrapt, though the 
lower only aot* remaini, 

Thli (I am forry to fay) ii all the 
i n format ion re rpc& log them i unable 
to procure ; but atn uilling to hope that 
even thefc data, trifliog ^t I'hty arc, 
will be found 10 throw luch light on the 
fuhjen II will caable Tome one of yaur 
aoiKjuaiiaa rtadcii to fulvc thit difi- 
caliy, which ii totally inexiilicable b* 
Yoyn, &c. C. T. 

Mr. Urban, Aug. xi, 

THE b.ari plate rroii> wh.cli Hit lO- 
clofed drawing (pi IH. fg. 5.* 
wa» miide, i> on a PuriKck gravi-llone 
in ifie North ihuncel of the thurth of ' 
St. John the Baptift, Mar^'e. Trie 
lliieJdicontainin,;lheaiiu», uhichwere, 

thfCG llMtl tinif iU ^^^-K<.(^ \-.-ni\iM\ 



tbt Fiirlop Oak.^ Gnat Utitiiy of EUer Trtes. [ ^cpt. 



79« 

dancett£, are torn off, aS| probibly, of a letter from the moft beneficent pro- 
viHI foon be the fate of the effigies tfbd inoicr of natural knowledge, Mr Peter 

Collifon, on the management of flicep, 
in refped to their niityrations from the 
mountjiint to the warmer plains m 



of the infcription, which ii, 

*' It^lc iun 34*ar Dtttnbcfifott, 
tttmilman. Qui obiit in tie iittofncinti^ 
^'ce «lfU€i0, armo ab incacmtiane 
Z> ni ntftrt J Vu < ^^ ^XVixM 
^€:€^XttSi\ ixd* t(t ppicletur 
3De>. 2inftt." 

As they are now loofened from the 
fione; fearing that fvmc r.ciiegious 
hand will convey them away, 1 have 



Spain. In that accxint he oKferve^, 
'* that a fomewhat fimilar cufiom may 
be praAifed in this ifland to advantige, 
^ith this difference, that the higheft 
grounds (hould bechofen for their win- 
ter refi'lence, proper (helter being m;ide 
for them ; and the wetter low-iands foir 
their fummer pafture." One certain 
advantage might refult from this prac* 

_-• ■ ' ■ s • 



forvwrded the drawing to vour Repofi- ^. ^,;^ ^^f^ j^ ^.^^ j^ ^ great mea- 

torr, where it may br.ve the attacks of ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^ .^ ^J ^^^.^^ 

Time, and everv other enemy to ann- ^rp^,|;„y i„ ^^, fummers. proves ex- 

quities. Yours, &c. -6. c. cecdinuly drftruaive tothefe ufeful ani- 



Mr. UtBAN, ^///. 3- 

I SHALL cnnfider myfelf as gieatly 
obliged to any of your readers who 
will inform me, if there exifts any ac< 
count of the celebrated tree in Hainauit 
foreft, Effex, called the Fait lop oak; it 

feemt to have efcaped the notice of pLmred, tlie fruits we have raifed, and the 
Camden and his Continuator. plants we have cultiva^, feero to be like 

The tree is at prefent fenced round o'TchilUren, a kind « f new creati* n. Their 



ceedingly drflru^ive tothefe ufeful ani* 
mills. How far it might influence the 
quality of their wool time would ihcw. 

** Plnniing," Mr. Collifon ufcd to fay, 
" anti gardening, fnpply a fund <»f entertain^ 
menr, the mi)(% ladings and rational of any 
occupation in this life, for country gentle* 
m -n. The trees which we ourfelves have 



with a palinf; five feet high,^and di>ff':d 
%vith Mr. Korfyth'4 compofiiirn, to pre- 
fer ve it from decay. On one of the 
limbs of the tree is fixed a boaid, with 
this infcripiidn : •* A'.l good Foreft'is 
aiercqueflcd not to hu't this old tree, a 
plafler having been lately applied in h s 
wounds.*' Some years paft, a Mr. Day, 
of Wapping, ufcd annually to go and 
dine with his friends on beans and ba- 
con under this tree; from which cir- 
cumflance aiofe the fair wh.ch is now 
beUI three every year, v/«. on the ad 



of J 



u!v. 



A CONSTANT KEAI)£R. 



Mr. Urban, Sept. ^. 

T\\ E account of the ufc of the Elder 
in preventing the lofi the farmer 
frequently fulUins fiom liie dtiliu6^ion 
and voracoulncfs of various inlefts, 
thouph formerly publiflied in the Piiiio- 
fophicil TnnladUons, which fcidom 
fail into the h&uds of the middling rank 
of people, dcftives, I think, a pluct in 
your ufeful pul):icaiion, which is much 
more diffufcd amout; all ranki. 

The lelici fiviHi Mr.Chrillophtr Gul- 
let IS m the Phiii'O'phical Traulaihunn, 
1772, art. 23: whence vou vv.ll copy It if 
yo'j think it'may be ufeful to the pub!ick, 
which 1 think it may undttubtcdlv be"*. 

Let me, at the lame time, avid p«rt 

* 7h:r kiiivi corK'fjM^ndtnt will tiiJ ir ;J- 
rtady printed, vol XLllL p. ^ot* Lmt. 



fltiile, then uAe, their fragrance, and thrir 
b«au;iss, affect us with a richer vepaft than 
any oclifr ciicum'A.'inccs- What pleafing 
fcenes would (he ohferves) lie open t<» young 
men of forture (levoteil to fnch amufemenis ! 
£.ich liiccei-diiig year produces frefh (hades, 
other fruits, frcfh heauties, and brings be* 
fides moll certain profit! To be'^old the 
ri^mg grove, banenne^s made fertile, our 
cnnntry imprt>veii, ourfelves made ufeful and 
happy, and pofterity eniiclied!.'* 

When tn tl is tivourite fubje6^, • 
very natural icflexi> n often efcaped 
him, *' ihdt he feldom knew a man, 
poirilTtd of a tade for fuch pleafuret, 
who wA'i not, at tHc fame time, tempe- 
rate and viiiucus.*' Aoricola. 



Mr. Uruan, 



D.rV; 7i«!r 9- 



THE DisHLLY Farm, by Bake- 
wi Lt, has bcrn lo repeaiediy de- 
fcribcd by various writers, that litrle, if 
any thin|:, of novelty can be expe£led 
from a new obfervcr. The neatncfs of 
thche(lrc-ro-As,cleannefkofthegroDnds, 
&:w. cannot fail to attra6t the notice of 
an attentive traveller as he paHes ; and 
the general csvilttv of the fervants to a 
llranger, &c. (foi, there is no inn 
where yGU can IcAve your hnife,) calls 
forth moie than common gratitude fer 
the favours cunfr-rred on one unkuown 
either in pcrfon or by name. 

The two veteran Herds, proud of their 
office^ of their maftcr, and their fetvice, 

each 



1993*} Rmaris $n thi Managtmint rftbe^xMxj Pmm. 7^ J 

each arnie^ with tbcir ftiff of ofice of oibtyaget, drilled wbett« btrlef » &e« 

(httd-fiicki), fcleft and bring fonh dvt in'atl the fields of which are gcoerallf 

differem -caftle' accoffdfaigf to the regu* fpecimem of broidACefi, to Ihen^ tho 

lariT-eAihlified cnftoin attd difcipliae, comparatifo diftenate* The drill it 

ofttreplaee,fltphiiiiiiig,1ajMro|Mrterraa preferred. But the grand ■ article eC 

and IB an aacoltivated v hut plcifiag huibaadrj it th« Irrigatt^ grmiod* a* 

manner^ the fopenor or dlienat-qnalt* bout too acrat^ from 4 Bream ftolUAc4 

tict of iadivldaaliy but "thai mafter. If canfliiUy foma difiance, a«d whicb,,ia . 

pre(cnrt*f cobM have esplaiaed anattgrt parti m carried lomid the iirm/or Ai^ro 

mneh better (Mr.'Bakewell was thea . thaa aiiiila« the lower part of which i« 

ijB Loadoo). Aad yet they cjcecutcd flooded ia.ponionaaccordog to the dt« -. 

thtir office fo completely, that enquiry- grce of water which falU in each ieafoii. . 

wat made how long In that fervice? . A mill It fed from the lame fbarcei but * 

A John Biebden fiace tht year the the waur it of Cia great eiifl|ation in iih« . . 

•kiag wat crowned^ or 3 a yeatfti WiL« proviag thikUadt» that the null it (af« ' 

i.iAif Aki^old, the o^ber Heid, a^ lei^d to fiand rather than tha fielda 

bout ao. flionld he abridged of their praptjr allow* 

William Pbit» who fiiperinieildr ancet patchet of wfaiob» in a tariety'oE 

the Horfei, hat been nearly, 40 yearti pltotit are kept dry, or pcctaam^ from 

but, during that time, hat 6eett abfent this improrlnf^ Ibarcei and. thewrrea*. * 

a few ye^rt. Betcral 10 or la vthrt 1 nefii of whichiW very evidayt by ih« ap* • 

and no oat it.iaken into the (brtlca lor peaimace of ntlhca,. coarfiw and. ppotcr ■ . 

a left ternl than lour yeart. ' ^ gralt. la another place, one part ma*. * 

Tha dUfercnk breeds of Sheep kept nured with dnag from the yard, and thn'; 

on the firm' are hranght together, pM neighboaiiiood flooded 1 n?oiy ia^ thai . 

fide by fide, which then are under tha watering part. Afterwards, different . 

immediate eye of the fpe6btor 1 who, if patchet, flooded and not flooded, to tha - 

no judge of cattle, cannot fail to obftnre amount of about io diviflont 1 the fupe- 

a diflbrence, when fo diftinAly marked riority in fiTOur of water clearly e? i* 

out in the feparate joint* and points of dent. Agata 1 the fsme experiment it ' 

each individual % and which, after view- Ttried, in bringing water from a fpring^ 

ing alife, the carcafet of diflltrtnt the fame which is ofed for culinary pur* 

breeds, prefcnred whole in pidtle, and pofes in tha kitchen, and this contrafled 

hung up fide by (ide, may be viewed in patches, aad oppofite to the nitebea 

again, to examine the thiclcnels of flefli watered frtHn the canal ; ana evea 

and fat on each» fmallnefs of offitl, here the evidence is decidedly in ftvour 

and, again, the ikeleton, with diftinft of the water, but whether in favour of 

bones, heads, ribs, &c. of thr different the water from the fpring or fixeam £ 

breeds, to mke another comparative regret that I did. not pay uiflicjentatten* 

iriew, and mark the diflerence. In thin tion. And again} thedrainingi from thd 

room are alfb preferved in pickle, and yard are brought Into one point, ^nd, 

ibewa, fomc joints of beef, the relickt mixing with the water, are carried over, 

of O^fCbaM^jhr, the parent* mother of the ceruin fields beneath the farm, by 

flock, who Aved to the advanl^ed age of which they are rendered fo fertile, that 

a6, when exiflience became buraenfomei this prefcnt vear fome parti have already 

ibe was flaughtered about t#o years been mowed twice, the fird^of which 

fince. The fat of a furloin on tht outfide was on the laft d^y of April. The laft 

meafured about four inches thick. . year thev had four cuttings, the grafa 

The Ihew of Tups had been clofed from whuh it appropriated for the life 
the day before our arrival, a limited of (biliog the tnree-year-old heifers, 
time being allowed for the purpofe of which are kept in the hoole and work- 
hiring for the feafon, which had been, ed, horfes, bulls, and fome other tattle, 
regularly announced in the papers 1 af* which are not turned out to grafs. Be- 
ter which thev are not admitted to ba fides watering the grounds, thii (tream 
feen till the lucceeding feafoa. Much of water is cooverttd into oiber ufeful 
company at t^ farm the day before for purpofel | it is formed into a narrow 
that purpolc ; amoogft whom fome fo- canal* aad runs very filcnt, baviog but 
reigners. little fall i upon uluch boats are con- 

Mr.Honeybome,'thaaepheWof Mr* flrufied \a carry the manure fiom the 

Bakewell, attended us round the farm { yard, aaa the ^^toduce o^ \Yi« ^^\^\^ 

viewed the di0*ereor (pccedlNMis ot cropt when reaped^ 10 iV&e UitKv-N^^ \ t^u^^ vil 



794 Remarh en tbi Managitnint tfthi D!(hley Farm. [Sept 

lite years* the turnips have been plied as bottoms of ftacks ; but around 
thrown into this flream, and h^ve, with- the yard are already formed for ufe boc- 
out farther trouble, been wafhed and toms of brickj {o con{iru6ted as to fe- 
carried down ; till, on their arrival at cure the Hacks of com from the wea- 
their deftined port, a fervant waits, and ther, and, at much as may be, from 
fcoops them out on the' banks. the vermin. 

A wharf is alfo cnnftru6led, where- Id the yard are feen varieties of car* 
upon are landed cabbjges, &,c. fo coq* riages, diflfcrent implements in huiban* 
trircd as to be oi^ aleve! with thecinal, dry, both of. the old and new fchoof, 
and renders the Labour of throwing them plouglii and harrows upon almoll every 
into carts the eafier than if the mtn had coniftniftion i plain and fpiked rollers, 
the trouble to lift them the height of the &r. in varieties, and in great abundance, 
cart} alfo, when dung is brought from fimple, neat, ufeful, and movable 
thd yard, the ground is fo railed as to racks, for feeding horfes, call forth the 
require onlv loofening the cart, and attention. To prevent the horfes quar- 
thence toffing it immediately into the relling or injuring one another during 
boat. the conteft, there is only one aperture 

• Mr. Bakewell ufes no waggons, but at each comer. The neared divifion it 
prefers the light (ingle^horfe carts. appropriated for their com, and in the 

On different fpots are planted clumps center part a rack for the hay. One 
of willows (called the Dutch willow) i pair of (bafts ferves to take on and clF, 
feme of thefe as if for ornament, fome and move the whole or any nupnber of 
for iheiter, and fome, when no other the racks to any part of the farm. ' Ad- 
place oflfered, near the building, along joining the houfe ii a fmith's fiiop, 
the hedge-rows; the quickfetsor thorns where twp men arc generally employed 
of which fecm not to be injured by be^ in making «ind repairs forthefarm^, &c. 
ing overlhadowcd and dropped upon by The grounds adjoining the houfe 
thefe overbearing neighbours. A lot of feem of a fwampy nature, and yet water 
thefe is in rotation regularly cut down is brought over the fame* from a fmall 
every fcven yeairs (from which appears rivulet, that it may be overflown i but, 
thenumberof plantations), and, bcfides by good management and weil-con- 
handles for rakes, pitchforks, and other du£led drains, «c. the inconveniences 
tools, are applied to many ufeful pur- which would arife from the (lagnant 
pofes on the farm, as guarding new- water are overcome. The gardens are 
planted hedges, &c. Their ufes are neat, and feem cultivated mure for 
various, and prove a great Caving of es- utility than ihow, and in them are Bfh* 
pence on many occafionsf a large (lack ponds well ftored and fupplied wirti 
of which, ready peeled atid reared on water from the rivulet above noticed* 
the end, appears in the farm-yard j the The gaiden, I have been loid, is fome- 
bark from which is, as foon as (tripped times irrigated. 

from the wood, tied up in (heaves or In one particular (lye are conve« 
bundles. Such is the general neatnefs niences (or meafuring and weighing 
prattif'cd through every department, the food of the hogs, and»alfe noting 
that there is not the !e ft appearance of down the fame, which may be done 
(lovenimefs, or wndc, or inautotion of by any' fervant with apiece (if chaik al- 
dw) kind, apparent, in the example ready lying upon the ipot, tillSt can be 

above noticed, inftead of a Inter, a* is : 

too frequently pra^Hfed. H9W much * Swampy ground may, with propriety, 
exrraordinary time has this neat prac* be compared to a fpunge full of w;Uer : when 
lice exhaufted ? Probably, in ihc liTue, lljo ftagnant water is carried off by prop-sr 
none ; for, tfte portion of time fpcnt in drains (as is the cafe here), the giomul, like 
the aa of tving-up in bundles is next to tl^« fpuuge deprived of its water, ocsu^ics lefs 
nothing. The lefs fpace occupied by ^l^^cc? a"^ ^^ter, which is a heavy b«Mly, 
the ba,k is very evident, and the neat- *»«^^J« fer^lj^'ng t*?* «»>»J. ^V >;s f^>ec.fic 
nef. of the ^p;,earance is Tcry ftiikmg. Praviiycoiifohdates the particles of the .axth 
,- . ' -^ , ^ •• J** ftiU clofer U>gether by niniiinc over the 

J.rluyf.retoberemoTcd,orapp.icdto ^-^^^ PnJ which isfuppofed ^ add ano- 
an) purpolc, /.J. to lay for the bottom ^^^^ ^^^^ ^f fertility. Sioce. writing the 
of co.n ^rbay ftncks, the former trou- ^^^le. I Lave bceu told that Mr, Bake well's 
hU Of IV nj:.up IS inl*antly repaid by the obferv'aion is— " Throw water upon the 
f •.-hiv oi il.c removal, and without any ground from whatever quarter you can ob- .. 
//'/j 6/ c-iL- hfiiclc. Upon urgent occa- i^>i\ it, provided there arc no peniiciouft 
/fifjjs, thcfc /feciw^B ait occjfit^naily ap« q^uiliu^) an laiacia^ iw^ vDtx)LvaN« A»xr 



1793.] New j/gricutiural society. — S/V Bcvil GrcnviHe. y^r 

entered in a more regular manner upon judgement of the ptrty will be feen by 
paper in a proper b^k. This contri- the lift of noblemen and gentlemen, in* 
tancc is the mod (imple that can he ferted* in otir laft, p. 763* which was 
imagiocdy in order to prevent miftakes, never exceeded, or perhaps equalled, in 
and to render the eiperimenti conclu- honour, in property, or in love for their 
five. There is alfo a weighing machine country, in any age of tlie world, 
in the flye, particularly appropiiated for Let every Briton contemplate thit lift 
the purpofe of weighing the fwine of noble, right honourable, and honour- 
which are undergoing the ezpcrimentt; able, Agriculturiani ; and then lay his 
nine in number, divided into claffei of hand upon his heart, and aflc whether 
three in each department| are under ex- this fociety is m job; or rather, will he 
periment. not join with Mr. Pitt in his laconic far- 
After an agreeabte range through the caAic reply to the unfounded inHnutt- 
whole of what is tifually exhibited, we tions of one of the party x ^' The Ho- 
were invited to partake of, and wcrt hof- nourabic Gentleman will be pleafed to 
picabty entertained with, a good and wait until the fociety it formed ; when, 
plentiful dinner, jgood ale, and after with his ^r/o/ fagacity, he perhaps may 
dinner a bottle or good wine, during difcover, that the bcft and moft folid 
which we were alfo entertained with intereft of the kingdom it the only ob« 
good and in(lru6iive converfation, and je£l ?" The Patent is already prepared. 



prelTed to ftay a longer time in the 
mod hofpitable and cordial manner. 
It was with pleafure we entered into 
thefc cultivated premifes ; it was with 
regret we departed from this nianlion 
of conviviality, with gratitude for the 
favours conferred, with iatisfa£tion for 
the pleafure we had enjoyed ! 



according to the tenor of the ad ; aoA 
the Society will foon meet^ and adopc 
rules and regulations. . 

Yours, &c. APracticalFarmer, 



H 



Mr. Urpan, BarftJIaple, Aug, 11. 
ifOWEVER excellent a pamting 
"iay be, how much foever it may 
The gentlenefs of the ditt'crcnt kinds be defcrving of admiration, the chief 
of cattle has been frequently noticed by interel) of an hiHorical pi6)ure arifct 
others, and (hould not pafs the attention from the fidelity wiih which it is belie- 
of anv obferver. This mecknefi of vcd to rcpnfcnt a vcrifimilitude of the 
fpirit fcems to run through the indivi- n£lors of the fcenej for, what wifli it 



dual of every fpecies exhibited, from 
the gallant Stallion to the veteran Bull. 
At an age when moft of his brethren are 
either foaming and bellowing with rage 
and madnefs, or have fuflfered the ftroke 



more anxious than that of contempla- 
ting the features oi the man whofe ac- 
tions have claimed jegatd, or excited 
detellation ? what detirc more ardent 
ih <n th.it of tracing in the lineaments 



of rheaxefortheirfrcquent delinquencies the lateni pa fftons which have influenced 

and violences committed ; old C\ a Ton of the conduA } On this account it is that 

the old parent Comriy, has all the gen* 1 obfcrve, with much pleafure, Mr. 

tientfs of a lamb in his looks and .in his Copley's folicitude to obtain a fight of 

actions. Gently treated himfelf, he fuch original portraits as may fci veto 

harbours no rancour, but alFeitionateiy iiludratr. hiS intended piflure of the 5th 

licks the hand of his ferdL-r; fcratch of January. Jf he has not been iuc 

him, and he wi!l bow himlicif down for cefsful in obtaining the fight of., larger 

this kindly office to bin bencfa£lor. This pidure, I am happy to have it in my 

old I'ervant feeds wiihin doois, nor is power to dircil him ro a miniature, faid 

he any longer an hireling to his neigh- to be that of Sir Bcvil Greoviile. Jt 

bour&. He retiicd with all the dignity came into the family of itk prcfcnt poi- 

of m^jvftv, as if confcious of hi» own felTor, a gentleman of family and for- 



fupcrioiity 



J. H. tune in my neighbourhood, with hit 
grandmother, a daughter of Sir Edmund 
Pridcaux, a family nearly connc^td, as 
I have been informed, with the Gren- 
vilies. The pi6lure, mod exquilitely 



Mr. Urban, Aug. 31. 

WHENiheaatocftahliflithc Agri- 
culturian Society, the tendency 

of whofe efforts will be to convey hap- pointed, reprelents a man in armour'; 

pinefs to the human race, was paliing tne complexion delicately fair; the hair, 

the Houl'e of Commons, Mr. Put was red and flowing, \s tt^aLVi»xt.4 0'^t\ ^Xv^ 

continually accufed with creating a job^ forehead; iV\e t^t.% Mtvco^nvc^vw^^ ^\«.v- 

to gratify his owjt tools and dependents, cing. He wuar^ mu^^O[\ev, -aiw^ -^^^^.x^ 

The dblulute fdJfcbood of ihi» pre- to be about ioiiN n\:-ai^ ui^*^^* \\.'wv>a.^ 



j^6 Hafted's Kent cemOid, — ^Ward's' /!#Mtfrix on Doletus. [Sept. 

have been a ftrtkiog iikeoeft. The pic- wit fuccecded by bit fon and heir. Sir 

ture it fet in a gold-enamelted cafe^ the OrUndo abovcVnentioncd, who died at 

portrait being concealed by a lid which Jenkiot, June 14, 1737, aged $9, and 

clofet with a clafp. It wat worn on the wtt buried in the paridi-church, ha- 

neck at a locket, one iide of whicb it ving had three font, who died before 

nod richly dudded with diamondt, him, and two daughters, Mary, wife of 

cmeraldiy opals, and rubies: the locket William Ball Waring, efq. and Ellen 

It an oval, about two inchet long, and Wintour Humfreys, married December 

an inch arjd an half broad, at leaft at 3, 1741, to Thomas Gore, efq. a 

well at 1 can itcoWtBt^ for it it fome younger brother of the family of Tring', 

time fince L faw it. I (hould not, how- in Herts, and afterward member fo^ the 

(BYcr, omit to fay, that near the left borough of Cricklade, froih whom the 

Ihoulder arc two initialt, D. 6. Till eftate came by marriage to Smart Le- 

I faw thefc lettert, 1 believed it to have thieullier, efq. lord of the neighbouring 

been painted by the famout Cooper s manor of Alderibrokc, an attentive and 

ind, mould hit Chrifiian name have refpe^lable F. S.A. who died, leaving 

begun with a D, might not the tail of only a daughter, now the wife of Ed* 

the 6 have been merely a flourifh of ward Hulfe, efq. (eldeft fon of SirEd- 

•the C. I do not remember to have read ward Hulfe, bait.)» the prefent repre- 

any dcfcription of Sir BeviPt perfooi fentattve of thefe families, who Hat two 

but, from that which I have given, you font, and perhaps other childrctt. 
' or Mr. Copley may probably be en- Your correfpondent S. E. p. 536, 

abled to determine the authenticity of needs only to apply to any Scotfman of 

|he miniature. W. Wav£LL. tbe irue blood, and he will receive an 

■■ immediate anfwer why Mr. Bruce placet 

Mr. Urbaii, Aug. 13. the arms of Scotland in the fird quarter, 

OBSERVING, in p. 512, an exira£i and, pari rmtiont, whv the unicorn, the 

froni Hafled*s Hiftory of Kent, p. antient fupporter of the Scott arms^ it 

397, in which there it a great miftake, placed on the dexter fide of the efcut- 

1 beg your permiffion to correft it, that, cheon, at the lion is on the finifter, in 

in any future edition, it may be fet every place where the royal arms appear 

right. William Ball Waring, of Dun- in that kingdom. £. 

fion, in Berks, efq« marr»ed Mary, — 

cidcft daughter and co-heiteft of Sir Mr. U&bak, S^pt, 4. 

Orlando HumfrijU ff Jinkm$, in tbt TN p. 439, col. i, of your vol. LXI. 

parijh of Bmykingf in EJfex, bart. and ^ Profeifor Ward is introduced as ha* 

£llcn, hit wife,^ by whom he had no ving promifed Dr. Jortin^ fome re* 

iiirvjvmg iiTue in 1737, and died 11 markt on Doletut; which, howevtr, 

Auguft, 1746. The manor of Jenkint, never came into Dr. Jortin's hands, 

which was formerly fubordinate to the Having an opportunity of confulting the 

paramount manor of Barking, or the Profefior's MS C:>lleaions, I find only 

in<io;)(Ury, was (1698) the property of the following memorandum relative to 

Sir Thomas Fanfhawe, knt. who left Dolet : 

two daughters his heirs j of whom one « Being informed that Dr. Jartin is wri^ 

died unmarried, and the other, Su|an, ting the Life of Erafmus, it may not be 

was married to thp Hon. Baptifr Noel, thought improj^er to obferve that, in Dr. 

half brother to the firfl, a^nJ father to Knight's Life of him, no notice is taken of 

the third. Earl of Gainfcorough. Thofc Stephen Dolet amgng the other antagoniftt 

two ladies fi>ld the manor (bwfore 1727) ^^ ^^^^ S»^e»t man. Whei-cas Dolet, in fevc- 

10 Sir William Humfros, knt. and ral parts of his C:«»iw«/«r/V Z^-^gi/^ 7ui//>m., 

bart. fo cre-ted November 30, 1714: »J hj^e wife in a particular treatife, inijtuled, 

elcaed alderman of Cheap Ward with- ^''*^'^"' "^ Imifaihne GrWiW^na, rcflef^s fc 

i.* .1.- ^;... .* T ^^A i.,i vpicly upi»n hiin as an invetcrald enemy to 

,n the city of London. July 29. «707, the Ciccronians of that age^ thiu^h after his 

having ferved the office of Ihcnlf m ,,^,1,1 he thought fit to ^v« him t great en- 

1704 $. as he d!d that of mayor in tomiumj as Jiil.us Scahgcr, ai^other of hit 

i7>4-«5 5 an4 ^ai tran(laicd to the advcifaries, has aif* clone." 
ward of Bridge Without, being then Several curious extract from hit 

fenior alderman of ths city, January 25. ^.oj-k, ^^ ^,p^ -^^ ^^^^ j^^ ^yr^^^», 

»73*-3. «!7«» *'<^ "TV"^^' ^^^ '^^ A.iVir/ana, in wl.,ch they thus occur: 
M dJrc^or of the BmJ from ,7,9 to *;^^<^T>'^M'fcellanea, de Im.tatione, ex 
f7^pja/9dtfipd in Prober, 17^^. |ic * Sw V^a ^^Tt^iS^r ^^. v%v 



Prtfiffor Ward's R*mtrh m Doletus. 



Scephani Doltti Coramentwiifl Lingnae Lt- 
tioae, fab Voesbulo Ek^mmtisf utm» I. p. f %if. 

** EjuickiD do Enfmo Scriptiique ejut Ju- 
diQUTOf fub Vooe tmfifia*. lb. p. loSa. 

" Qufdem RepraBhenfio Enfmii fub V»> 
Cabttlo Digmiau 

** Ejufdtin lie Ertimo koins Judiduniy in 
Vocabulo Adjutf* lb. p. %%, 

" Ejufdem de Eralmi Dialogo Ciceroniano 
Caofura. Ex Eptftola ad Budieom. 

** Ejufdem de L'iteranim fuo Tempore 
progreflu Karratio, fub Vocabolo Uttnt, 
Tom. I. p. 1156. 

^ Ejufdem de Vocabalii geminatit. De 
ridicula quorundam Ciceroniaaoram Super- 
ilitiooe, I>B Praverbialibiit Scriptoribui, 
fub Voce Refpubliem^ Tom. I. p, 164, Tom. 
II. Sub Voce frttre. « Trihulare pro tor- 
quere» &c" Sub Voce Pscifei, Tom. II. 
p. 151 : " Ode dicolos diftrophoa in obitom 
£ra(mi Roterodaroi *." 

'^ Ex Refpoufionis ad Coovicia Floridi 5a- 
biniy Parte prima." 

At the end of this laft extraQ is the 
following : 

" N B. In titulo hujus libri» m etiam aliof, 
J)e ImitmtiMf Ciceroniana adier/us tundem 
F. S. v(Kat. fe Galium .-hireliiim j at in Cmh- 
mmtariis noncupat ^ureliamtm" 

** Scephan. Doletus natus cd Genahi Gal- 
Wx Celticscy iirbe pulchei rima : liodie Aure- 
lianum dicuir- Comm. torn. I. p. 938* 

" Pr receptor* Symone Villaiiovanoufuseil 
in Lingnx L-^tinx ptu'ttate> arteque rheto- 
rica» difceodis. lb. 11 78. 

<< Commeiitarios fuos ediditann. 15^6 ad 
ann. scat. 27 provedtus. lb. in Eptft. ad 
Bud. 

'* De Opinione librorum argumentum. 
De animz mortaiicate vel immoitalitate fen- 
tf ntias, fimul varia de religime jiidicia, fee- 
tafque hominum in *Deo coleiido diverfas, 
diicutiiwus iis libris qui de opinione a nobis 
pr>()eritati relinquentur, ut nos plane virot 
vixific inielligas, non ineptii«; ciuci;i?oscbn- 
guilfe. Swb voc. Pumonurn. Tom. II. p. 414. 

** ARno^'cit Chrirtum. Sotcria dicuntnr pro 
die qui Servaloffm Chriltiim antuvcKario 
luflu profequi inftitutum eft, fuppUcio falu- 
Ciri alfcjJlum tt cxiindlum. Sub voc. ylrhi* 
f^iutn. 

** Vid. plura de il!o, Maittairc j^wmI. tyf, 
t. 111. far. L 9. Et Indic. f. 348." 

Thus frfr iht ProfefTor. 

In Jortin's •• Erafmus/* 11. 723, we 
are told, that ** Duchat fays that the 
p;d;)ure and the elognjm of Doierut arc 
to be found in the ictnes of Btz9. They 
are not (as Jnrtin observes) in the edi- 
tion of Geneva, 1580.** But for •* Be- 
ai" we fiiould probably fublliiute 
«• Reufnerj" as, in the fecond part of 



WT 



hit lr«ff##y Bafil. 15899 oAtTOy occurt 
" Stephaaut Doletus Aureliuf Gallui/* 
orerhis print | under which it this di(^ 
rich by Nicolins Retifnemt : 

« CunAa dolam ad amuffim^ examine eooAi 
Onletns: 
Me taroen & rorfos M nfica tocbc dotat" 

N.R. 

Oa the eppofite page are three farcaf* 
tic copies of verfes ** In Stepb* TM%* 
torn : Jul. Caef. Scaligeri." 

In Daniel George Morhof^s ** Polr- 
hiftor Literarios/' Kb. IV. cap. 9, feck; 
If, is a (bort mention of Dolet. See allii 
Bat!!et*s *' Jugemens det Saraai*' in ft* 
▼eral places ; and Sehelhorn'a '* Amoea. 
Hid. Scclef. et Lit." I. 866. 

Dr. Jortin pronounces the verfea «f 
Dolct on the death of Erafmus as " good 
for nothing/* in his ''Remarltson the 
Works of Erafmus/' as pubTiflied bjr 
Le Clerc. See bit fecond volume of 
the Life of Erafmus^ pp. ija, 133. Are 
thefe the verfes tranflated by your cor« 
refpondent in vol. LXIL p. 1039? '^ 
fo, Who (hall decide when cridcks dif* 
agree ? 

In Cent, Meg. for 1703, p. 649, col. 
t, the fecond verfe ihould (land thus : 

« Deal' lovely oi£»pring from the womb of 
monj ;" 

and, in Ihe laft extra£l, we ihould read« 
** enthufiall Fancy." as in p. 664, col. i« 
In coi. 2 of p. 649, the compiimeoi, 
alluded to in 1. 10, was furcly paid by 
Ruhnkenius in his elegant eiogium of 
Hemfteihuist in 1. penult, read *'no* 
bier; and in p. 650, col. i, 1. 3, read 
" bea/ing." J. L. 



* Tbi5 ;> elegantly trjnilateti by your 



Mr. Urbav, Evi/bsmf Jug, 9. 

I AM a conftant reader of your very 
valuable Ma^a^ine, and for the firft 
time trouble you with a few lines, oc- 
cafioned by a letter (igned J. H. p.6ji« 
It is a very unpleafant circumftanre to 
make unfavourable mention of the drad| 
but J. H's obfervations on the' late Mr. 
Jeffreys may induce the publick to en- 
tertain an opinion of him, v^h ch I am 
•* very ferry" to fay I think he did not 
deferve. At Stratford upon Avon, and 
its Dcighbourhcod, from " his unalTu- 
ming manner, and remarkable modLfl? 
of deporrincnt," lie certainly found 
fupport, in iiaving a long lift of fubfcii- 
bcrs attended with as many half-crowns; 
and at Eveftiam he likcwife founcC %. 
confiderab.t dt^itt o\ *^ ^x^Ntw^xxx'BBA^ 

foim you Ut <Ud i^ox. Xftkf v5«m- "^"^^^ 



79? Mr. Jcfiir^yf.— Z)r. Cooper^s Cbargt. — Jofliua Naylor. [Sept* 

he had been in Evefliain about three inflamed bf their works, fhbnld pulldown 

weeks, I met with him in compan?; the whole Coitftitution •(* this country, both 

iod, on enquiry of him. I found he, had «»vU and cfdefiaftical ;— yet, as foon as thry 

not at that time explored either the field '^«/«^''« w^' /'» ^fj^, thev /md!y and r#- 

of battle where the barons of EnelaocL ff''^'^^'' «««P»^ned of the in efficacy of 

under Simon Montfort, encountered ")« ^x«ut,v, row rn, both m;// ..nd «^ 

the royal army in the year ,165. or ften ^'^' '^ '^'' d efe»ce a.id p rotea.on." 

the curious remains of ihc abbey of _ ' 

Evefbam, neither of which places were "*"• ^^^^^9 ^^S* ^^' 

diAant ha!f-a-mile from his inn. l^OUR correfpondents, to whofe 

He ufually lay in bed, as I am in* ^ kmdnefs many others as well as 

formed, till one or two in theafternoon; myfeif are obliged, may have it in their 

and foon after, with fuch company as a po%ver to contribute thtir endeavoufs in 

public kitchen afforded, fpcnt the re- refeuing from oblivion, by huv biogra* 

mainder of the day, duubtlefs employed phical anecdotes, th;tt ingenious me- 

in collc&ing fubjefli-maticr for his in- -chanick Jofliua Naylor, to wh<9m the 

tended publications. arcbite^lural world are indebted for his 

In a few weeks after the time I met p'a^ and cletation of the King of Por- 

with him» he fuddenly decamped, and, tugai's palace, Maiforo, and who was 

unfortunately for his landlord, totally patronifcd by the illuilrious William 

forgot to pay the charge for his board Auguflus, Duke of Cumbeiland. 

and lodging, as well as to mention From the obfervations of a friend, I 

where he mi|^ht be applied to in cafe ^as particularly induced,' at a Ute viHt 

frefli fubfcribers fhould oflFer. It is. but toCranburn lodge (the feat of his Royal 

jufiice to add, that he was an enter- Highnefs of GlnuceHer), to enquire af- 

taioing and agreeable companion. tcr a variety ol mechanical works of the 

Yours, Ikc. J. C— — , fAtnt J. N. I confultcd my Note-book ; 

ASub/cribirtitbi*^TravtiUrsGuide** «nd as, in a fkuch hereafter, I was 

■' ■ >*■ ftewn the anides I wifhed, jind natu- 

Mr. UiBAV, Aug' I If "'^'y* ^rom my dire^tons, expected 

HAVING feen, ip the letters of them as defcribed, 1 was minute in my 

fome of your correfpondcnts, cen- queries, but could gain no farther than 

fures upon Government for its nmiff^ift general anfweis. I have Hnce coofulted 

in 0«///ia^ the late riots at Birmin^h^im, the Tour through Gieat Britain, and 

and its liMtty in f^iijlfitij^ the rioters ; I other liaiilar works; hut, whether from 

ihoiild apprehend the following extra£l want of curiofuy, or other c^ufe, they 

from Dr. Cooper'i^ Charge* to the Grgnd are totally filent. 

Jurj at the BtccUs Sgffions, in April lal(, 1 ani fince informed that Paul Sand* 

p. 15, alluding to the fame fubje^t, by, cfq. might be able to throw fome 

would be acceptable to many of your light on the chara^tr of the perfon I 

readers. Your^, &c. A. enquire after, or, at all events, might 

"There cannot be eafily produced aftron- jontribuie his affiftHncc towards a per- 

ger proof of the ncccffry tiiere is fcr impart- '^^ catalogue of thu mechanical works, 

ing aai4T iNxaoY to the executive power ^vhich are extant, of (he Ik'me, and con- 

of a Government, and of the variations there dueled under his patron, 

are in the fame man's fprculaiive opinions If my enquiries ikouid in any refpefk 

umier different circumllances, than that be gratified, it i« my intention to graft 

which the conduA of fome perfons in this thcip among the Iketchts (already in 

kingdom lately .-if-idcd. For, the very mv pofleflion) of one of hii pupils, and 

mvw^nt their orun peace and comforts were attempt a imall biographic iraft to his 

barbarnuny mvad.d, their property dtftroy- memory, acknowledgmg thofc favours, 

r^: r.W /Thl;n ?> /'""v' ' n Ki^^" ^-^^ ihe requcft that the communica. 

To infphe their rCad.rs with a tc»tM ;V,rr..- »^"/^»ll accept a picieniation copy of 

rence and difrtfptiJ for the ^mmi fource of the ^* '*"**• , ^ - , , 

FxiCMtrve Power in Uils kjopdomj—thowgh *^ conclufion, I have only to fubjoin 

Ihry hndeven viewed wrh approbation and '^J P'Oirnfed iketch. 

exultation /mi/ar proreedings to a much 1. In a c^Dinct, a very curious col- 

greattr extent, and of niuch gieater nuigni-' lt6tion of gold figures, called ** Golden 

tude> m a neighbi/uring kingdom ; and had Miners," divided into three partitions, 

m'^/}7</i//^eJr/}em/eiv<rs in rapturous virions which weic made (or rather mended), 

0/f/jMt ijote, when ptr fans, cn}ightenci\ mA and uyo.n U\tcV\a\va^V v^vnci^es, ' to 

* Sec cHur Aenew, P'd\u £Di t • mo^ t bN (\u^ic ^iwvuoi^v ^^\ lqVv^^vi tX'* » 



1793*1 Cafimir, thi PtH.^^Wt/hry ^EDgland, hf whm wrltiin f 799 ' 



My informaBt addecfy ** that they were 
a'|>r€rcBt from the Queen of Hungary, 
and, when they ctme to Englaad, were 
broke inro thoufands «>f pieces; that ihe 
*< great" Lord Albemarle recommeaded 
J. N. to hit Royal Highneft, who put 
them in motion; bur, from the death 
of J. N. they had bem totally unfer- 
viceable.* 

II. The model of a ibip, complete^ 
entirely conflruded of the fpice-cloTe. 
My companion and myfelf were ftruck 
with afioniihmeot at the incredible la- 
bour which rouft hate been exerted on 
tbis performance, 

HI. A reprefentation of the galley* 
ilavcs 81 chained to their oars, with their 
ctiAind anions in their horrid flavery. 

This, though equally ingenious, to- 
gether with a variety of other articles 
which did not conimaod our Ari& at- 
tention, 6nifiied (for want of time} the 
complete pleafure we moft probably 
ihould have received in our way through 
the other pirts of the houfc. 1 learnt, 
in converfation from our informant, 
tUat there was a " moft furpiifmg clock'* 
made by him, which was raffled for at 
J.eiceller'houre in the Jife-cime of our 
giarious king's father; and alfo a 
bridge, which fiie called the Belvidere. 
If information c»n be added in favour 
of thefe two articles, it may probably 
hli up a chafm in ray narrative. 

May it not be in the power of George 
Naylor, e<q. of iKe lieraidv Collepe, 
to grant us fome little alfiHance ? And, 
if this meets yourapprobation, S\lva- 
nuk Urban's kindnels will, 1 am'fuie, 
gam the urbanity of his heraldic friend. 
Yours, &c. M. K. 



Mr. URBAN) Aug, rz. 

THE gentleman who enquires after 
Cafimir, the poet, p. 6io, will re- 
ceive much information trom one of 
Dr. Knox's Klia)^, which is written 
ejcprtffly on the fubjedV. I believe the 
wiiule oj his wotks wtre never attempt- 
ed in Englifh. Nor do 1 think aitv per- 
foQ is tikelf to undertake fuch a tranf- 
Jation, uoltfs he be a Roman Cathoiick^ 
as» many of his pieces turn expreflly up- 
on the peculiaiitics of the Romilh 
church. Pr. Wdtts ftems to hav-c been 
the moft familiar with him of any of our 
Englifti poets. In r<imc places he tranf- 
Jates, or imicates, and reters co Caftmir. 
But, almoft in innumerable otheis, in 
various parts of bis works, he borrows 
and makes no acknewjedgcmant, ex- 
ccft s kiod of gen^fdl wie, in the Vt^* 



face te his Lyric Po^tms. One of hit 
hymns it little more than a tranllatloA 
from Caiimir^i and there are othert ' 
where particular turns of thoughty aa 
well as cxpreflionsy are evidently bor^ 
rowed from him^ bendetvery many un* 
acknowledged parts of his /]Rf#f «r L^r«« 
The late pious Mr. Hervey, whp cer* 
tainly was no poet, attempted part 
of an ode from CaiiflBir with cnnfider- 
able fuccefsf. I am fenfiblethat Dr. 
Watts by no means ranks high in th« 
poetical world. The foft fmootlineCi of 
his^umberSi in my opinion, borders OA 
efTeminacyi and^ if his woiks wcr« 
publiflted, with references at the foot of 
the page to authors from whom he baa 
borrowed, no vaft ibare of originalitj 
would fall to bis lor. Bur yet there is 
one peculiarity of his religious piecea 
which readers them valnable— they ar« 
level to the capacities of ihe lowcft Qr« 
ders of mankind. You will ezcufe me^ 
Mr. Urban, if I fay, that I hare heard 
very pooi people, on a dying bed, re- 
peat fome of his verfes with an emphalia 
that would have (luppcd the mouth of 
an infidel, iu this view, I cfteem them 
very highly. Bert when I exercife the 
judgement of a fcholar, or a criHck, 
they appear in a veiy different ii^ht. 
NevertheJefs, whatever they are as to 
laeiir, CHHmir was certaiiily his exem- 
plar. From h:m he has boi rowed and 
copied more than any one will fuppofe 
till he takes the trouble of comparing 
them together. U. U. 

Mr. Urban, Aug, 8. 

WHENEVER any literary doubt 
antes, to whom c..n we with 
more propiiety apply, for its removal, 
than to you ? Ihe advantages arifing 
to literary knowicdec fif»in the op^'or- 
tunitics, of this kind, wh'ch your uo*k 
affords, are too obvious to point c/ut, 
and too many to enumerate. It is iuf- 
hcjenc to oblcrvc, that on every occaiioa 
we fly tu)ou to difcovcr our ignorance, 
and wtth the bed intention (a ncvet- 
difappointed inientiun) that it may be 
iiiilru£led. 

It has long then been a fubj< Qt ef 
dil'pute by whom the ** iliflory of Eng- 
land (in a Series of Leiteis trom a No« 
bleman to his Son," (in s voU. itmo.) 
was written. Whilft ioine name Lyttel- 
ton aa the writer, others afcribe it r« 

♦ Cunpare Hymn IVrbwkVTvrrN^Vi^Cv' 
fim. Ep*Ki. V. 

f Rcftexu»n% on ii Y\dvjw Q^t^'ca. 
funir, Ub. iV . uC. XV U\. ^ ^ . 



8oo Dr. Woodville's M*dicat Botany.^^Trees near Canals. [Sf pt. 

ChcftcrfTcId, and a third part to Orrery** from nature, but fome are avowedly 

Now, toafcertainthe fa£t, all thatfeemi eopie^i it wcrt to be wilhed that 

nectflTiry is, th^iCt through, the medium Dr. WoodvilJe had «/iii«^i meaiioned 

of your publicatioDy we may be io- the fources whence his plitea are dc* 

formed who the ** noble anceftor" ift, rived, whether from living or dried 

from %vhof<: works the following quota- fpecimenii or, where thefe could not be 

tion (Letters mdfintm) is taken. procured, from what work he had 

** When all is done, human life is, thought.proper to copy i that the degree 

at the bcft, but like a fro ward childt of credit due to the figure might atwayt 

that muft be p ayed with and humoured be afcertained, as it is not to be fup« 

a little to k'.i-p it quiet liil it falls afleep, pofed that all his readers can have accefs 

and then the care is ovei '* to the expetilive works he quotes. 

It Ihculd appear to mc that Lord Or* Yours, &c. A. Z* 

rery is the author i iince 1 Micvc no ■ ■ 

one is acqainted with a whig literary an- Mr. URBAN, Sipt, 5« 

cedor either of Lyttelton or of Chcftcr- T KNOW not what could have indu- 

field; but it is a matrer of notoriety that X ced yourcmrefpondent 9*. O. p. 7151 

the anceftors of Orrery are rnrotled to have troubled yourfelf with printing, 

amongft the citizens of the republic of or your readers with reading, fuch a 

letters. Be this, however, as it may, mats of inattentive abfurdities as hit 

do you inform us, Mr. Urban, by whom letter on the fubje£l of planting trees by 

the paffage quoted was written, and in the fide of canals. I remember well the 

which of his writings it is to be found, circumftance being propofedi but can* 

The €Mon}m%ui editor, in his preface, not conceive what could have induced 

alTerts that he has fome claim to the T. O. to fuppofe that the trees could 

work inqueflion. He does not, how« not be planted any where but immedi* 

ever mention whence his claim arifes. ately on the edge of the bank : a child, 

Yyurs, &c» J . H* who had ever leen a boat towed, muft 

■ bo convinced of its abfurdity. But why, 

Mr. Urban, Aug* 14. may I aik T. O, may not treca be 

WILL you permit me, through the plan«d on the fide, or on the bank, of 

channel of your valuable Mif- a canal, wirl,.Ait being planted od the 

cellany, toaik Dr. Woodville why the «dge of th. towing-bank? May they 

following planu were omitted in his not be pljircd clofe to the ederon one 

Medical Botany latelv finifted ? viz. fi<Jc» »«'» »« the hedge beyond the tow- 



?iter CuMa.-^Hinttum difticbom.-^ ing-paih on the other. Every 
itiium- bvbirnum.'-A'Vina fatwa.-^ would thus be anfwered of ihadin 



end 

rritUum- bybirnum.'-A'Uina fatwa.-^ would thus be anfwered of ihading the 

SuHtidum Mlbum-'Amyrii Fhmiftra.-^ w.itcr from evaporation, of railing a 

MjroxyioH ptrniferum.^ScxiJr^gagrti^ nurfery of timber (which would hardly 

nuUtU.-^ttifo rmrpusfantnlimus.'^Stm^ *»« the cale if planted on the edge of ihc 

iagmitis Camb(.giotU*i.^BoUius i^mia- water, a fituation not favourable to 

ii«f, and 6Vw butyraaa, iimber-trets, though the diflance of a 

They are infertcd, lo^tthcr with thole wwing-p^th would be a very farourable 

vhich he has fi|:ured and defcribed, in onc)> ^^ adding much to the beauty of 

lilt fyacmaiic catalogues pr elixcd to ihe 'he country without injuring the navi- 

ill and 2d volumes 1 and ceitninly have ga^'on | and this I think fo clear, that, 

Sis much claim to a place in the woik as without leaving his ttudy, which (how- 

any of the others. ^^'^^ he would inlinuate) could not have 

We thank Dr. Woodville for what *>««« the cafe when T.O. wrote his let- 
be has done J th»t it is lo well done is «er, he may be convinced that trees may 
one reafon for wilhing that the above- he planted by the fide of a canal with fo 
nan.ed plants had noc betn omiiud ; fajutary an effeft for the proprietors, 
ihey c.nnot %viih lo much propiirty form ^^^^ !'> pleafjng an appearance for the 
a pait of any futuie woik as of the neighbourhood, and fo advantageous » 
t„t-iint. ptofpe^t fur the nation at large, th.it 

The gieaier number of ihe Agures of "one but the moft captions cavilUrs can 

thi$elei;aniw(Mkaicundnubtetnv taken advance any thing agaiott it. 

._ _f ' Youi s, &c. O. T. O. 



* Our corrofpoiideiit h»s onined the 



rovKTM (.iHd moif pn h:ihic) iicnon te Mr. Urban, Sfft. ^. 

n^/iopiit is ctwfijentjy iULfiM, the lata Dr. T PLkC\LWEi iK?it a corrdpondent. 



i79>} ^iCr4il& j{itfrMf.-^fitealieim AiB^^ Sot 



pUatiag •! trcM by tht fides oiF ca- 
Bili» amoag fisc^fpiiB tbcoriu* %rbich 
it vvoiild ttt aKfiurd to fiippole prifiiM- 
bU» umI tlitt ttp^tt hu Vm IffiduA^, 
A»d with ftU tht (ligQity of fuperior ia-' 
tolliMBco. I raturn him. however, mf 
thgikt for the epitbct *• learned** which 
fBy'iaipOffttiit lociibratioBi have M^ 
tained for me frocn thatconwrpoodeat % 
bat wiUt at tbo faqit time, let him fo 
^r iBto my cbara6lttr, at to afure biai 
f hit I do not poflefa any t^LCraordioary 
dagiea of laammgi that f live bur little 
ia my ll«4y } and that I have fees (aod 
beee coaccrlMd io) Icveral caoals. I 
Ihoold ia4aad have employed my time 
to but litile pnrpofe in my ftudy» bad I 
been bloekbead enongb co talk of plant- 
\mg trtet on tbe cdfct of eanaU reboot 
lenviag room far a tMing^puh. If 
T* O* thinks It worth bis while to tnm 
tQ ^y former leturs« he will find that I 
have not been goittv of broachinj| fis 
nbTurd an idea* It fifnifies very little 
tu my argnment to whom tbe bank of 
tbe canal oppofite the towing-path may 
belong, as my views were rather di* 
re6Ud to what I conceived might be an 
improvement in future canals Khan to 
any alceratioos in thole already fubfift* 
\Mg\ except inafmucb as tbe propriecois 
or eanals might think it conducive to 
their intersft lo adopt them. In future 
projcds of inlsnd navigation, it would 
add bat little to the eipence, were tbe 
proprietors to pur chafe juft enough land 
on tbe fide oppofite the towing-path for 
the planting a row of trees. 

Having uid thus much upon a Aibjeft 
now become trite, I will here take my 
leave of it, afiuring my readers, that it 
is noc my intention that they Iboold 
have any farther trouble from 

Yours, &C. DBMDROPRtLVt. 

CLgERicf TO OUR Heraldic 
Correspondents. 

IK the Pewtcrers arms, GuiUim fays, 
three hrmfs bmrs ; Edmoodfon terms 
them^ three stttifmg timhfcki. 

In tbe Founders arms, Guillim fays, 
tm»9 pHUfSi £d0iofldibn terms them, 
HMfUi^ tsmtik/lkks. 

In the arms of Fennor, tbe term 
^ftmtreit. What is vcntred f 

In Gerard Leigh's Accidsnee of Ar* 

mory , p. 79, Untmttjf, Wh<it is leoully } 

Qj^ecns de Ermine's '* Accidence 'of 

Armory,'* p. 37; Oeraning, lb. 1 Di^ 

ades and ScoppenUe^ lb. t McHei^ 



Ib.^ ySi TooffQC-molles, Tb. p^ ttg 
nndtbetwolineahereinclo&d*. ^ 

By eiplaining the above, yoo will 
grvatly ooli|e a cooflnnt reader, nnd 
A Touna St^diht ik^iraxdrt. 

Mr.Viiair, Sifi.i. 

IPERFBCTLT ngiee wtfh your va. 
. luable correfpoadent R. O, that Qr. 
Mavor'e aecoant of tbe river-gods be« 
longing to the fbunuin In Btenheim 
gaidens is incorreft. Indeed, the au* 
tbor himlelf appeari fo diffident In bia 
appropriation, that it is evident be had 
not been able to obufn authentic ii^for* 
mation at the tinse he firft pnbiified (lia 
defeription. Perha|>s it b the only mif^ ' 
take he has committed t aad| when it' 
is cottfidered that many fitoatioas in the 
conntry leave a literary nian ^ wkbooa 
a fecond, and without .a judge,'* or^ 
more properlv rpeakin|, without «« 
opportunity or obtaining informetion, or* 
nlfiliance in minuu circamftances, tb^te 
is taore reaibn. to admire what genina 
has accompliflicd than 10 he furpriaed 
wherein it has failed. The New Dc* 
fcriptioa'of Bienheim is cecuioly not an 
ordinarv work $ it difpleys take and 
force of delineation (eldom feen ip fuch 
kind of performances. It does honour 
to the author of -Unhfirfmi Stemogrmflh. 
But the charms of Blenheim demanded, 
and they have obuined, an Hiftorian 
who, I believe, has been allowed by the 
bcfi judges to have done them fome de» 
gree of juftice. 1 do not mean to write 
a paoegyrick 1 bur, where in general I 
have had reafon to be much j^eafed, I 
feel this honeft teftimony due. J. B. 

Mr. Urban, Aug. 30. 

A FRIEND of mine, who acteoda 
to the pra£kical part of opticks, 
having reqnefted me to conftruft him n 
table for (he%ving the different fpherical 
forfaees of lenfes contained in tbe doa* 
ble achromatic objed-glaft for tele- 
Icopes, the following, at his reqneft, £ 
have calculated I and, as it may pofiibly 
be of fervice to your correfpoadent, 
vol. LXI. p. a 14, who rcquefts fome 
information relative to achromatic 
glaifes, and alfo may be ufeful to other 
genrlemea, who amufe therofelves with 
the pra£^ical part of opticks, I havefent 
ic for infertion in your Mificellany. 

It may not be amifs, perhaps, to in* 
form thofe who may require the ufe oC 



* Sca¥\aXAUl.t^L.b. 



l^as(3a^ 



8o2 Jihromatic OhjeH^GbJJis.^A ^ifig Fatbir^s Advice to kis Son. [Scpf, 

fuch a tabic, that the proportions oF dioef* to infcrt in your valuable Rcpo- 
the fphercs qre fuch as I am informed frory whatever is ufeful. The author 



of it lurvivcd, cootrary to all tx|'c^4- 
tioD, and is about to pubiifh ao expedi- 
tion of /ive years tn Surinam. 

Am old Correspondent. 

" My diar John, Jwi 14, 1787- 
^ As t!>e lad good I c.in t]<> for you in th's 



Mr. Dollond's eactUcnt telefcopes arc 

conPniaed on, being what your corrc- 

fponrfenr, *ol. LXT. p. ii7i ?»*'«* «•» 

nccount of. I have, every time your 

Ma^-izine has come into ray hands for 

th'ffe twcntv-two months pait, ex- 

peAcd to havr fetn a farther account of worl<), 1 join^ to the tr:flt«- I leave to yo;:, 

thofe exce'.'eni inHrumrnts, agrttably 

to that obligirti; gentlemin's promife 

made in the kbovementioned volum<^. 

If f mav not be thought iroublefome, I 

Ihou'.d cflecm mvfcif t^rcatly favoured 

by (omerhing being faid upon the ihc- 

nr? of the achroma.tic objcft-j^lals, and 

a! To vvhit aperture, in pr«»porii.n to its 

focal lenirth, it will ^dmit of i ms, ii*»cr 

a laborious application to the grinding, 

&C. of rt flexors, 1 have tfecn confide- 

rably difappointed in not finding ihcm 

what I expe£led, and now inrend turn- 
ing my attention to the grinding, &c. 

of achromatic objeQ«gla(rcs« 



A TaUefor Achromatic Objiff-Ghffts, 

Diameter of the Splieres fron 
which they are ground* 



Convex. 
Y f.de i a fiJe 
Inches, inches. 

3- 



Concave. 



Coro- 

rKnind 

fo? sin 

i ichss. 



I fide z fi''e 
inches, inch' , 

6.4. I IO-6 J0.6 17.6 

9.0 ' 15.9 iS-9 >6 4 

ii.S 21.2 xi.i 35.2 

16. 26.5 ^'^'S 44* 

iq.i I 3t.8 31.8 52. S 

«2-4 371 37-' 61.6 
15.6 42.4 42.4 704 

zi.^ 47.7 47-T 7«-i 

-7,2. 5V 5^« S8. 

5c. 1 *«;3 3 5^.; 96. S 

38 4 ' 6?/> 6^6 105.6 

41.6 6S.0 6S.9I H44 

44.S . 74i 74i i23-i 

^'.21 84.8 84.^ 140.8 
5;.}. 90.1 9«.i 149.0 

576= 05-4 95 4 ».r-4 
?o.i ic\7 100.7 1^7-2 
h\. ; ic6. ic5. 176. 

\'/.js there a c iirfln^'Lie of poiirdits 
pubi.'iicd in ir«;.; igretablv to t!ic iiiti- 
itiaitun ^'^''-r. -n v. Mir vol. LXI. p C24? 
' Youis/iScc. J. b. 



5 
10 

15 
20 

15 
30 
35 
4'> 

4? 

55 

60 

70 

75 
80 

8S 
90 

95 

ICO 



^1'. ran AN, Any, 20. 

TH K lollotvirjr Ift»cr, %vhtch I met 
M'i'h hy ,ncc!(lcnr, wns wntlrn by 
J (? Sri-.lfnsn. a rriilinry gtHrfeman, 
u/'itn ihr-f^croufly ill, to be delivered 
iifui .'.;v tU'ith to kn lull, I h ive com- 
iDujjjcaud It to ycu, Anew ing vour rea- 



thcfc few diicvflions, whiLh I be;; of you to 
read for my fake, w?>o nUv.iys loved yovi. 
Above all things, fear God, astlic fuprcma 
author of allgood; love him witli all your 
licnrt, and be religious. Hut deteft every 
t-ndur^- of hypocrify. Rc^rard yow r.aigh- 
bnir, that is, all mauUind, of w ha'cvar oj- 
tion, profeiVion, or f.-<ith, while ihey are 
lijuefl ; niul be ever fo yourioif; it is the 
belt policy in tlie «ad, dep&nJ upon it. 
Guard againd itKlnkoce, it is the ro«>c of 
every evil ; to wh:ch l>ad company gvcs the 
finiOiing (Iroke. Love u:i..onomy without 
avarice, and be ever thyfe!f tl\y be(^ friend. 
Fly from intemp"! nnce and dejmchery^ they 
Will rot thy body white they will be a cmker 
to thy mind : to Keep both fouml, aYtow thy. 
fetf never to he betiind-hand wHh thy corre- 
fpondente, with thv credirois, with thy diily 
occupation, ami thy foul fh^ll enjoy peace. 
By ufmt: nvnlerate diet, oxercifo, and Rcre- 
atinn, thv body Ihdl |)oDc(s hOiiUh and vi- 
goi;r. Dejfr John, ihnuld Fiuiims fcown, 
which, depend upon it, Am fometimes w:!', 
do then lo.)k round on thoufands mora 
wretched (!:.m thyfelf, and tvho, perh.ps, 
did Icfs defei vo to be fit, aoii be c 'Uttoi— 
conteotinent is better than ^old. Wj[h not 
fur de.iih, hecaufe it is a fm; but fcorii 
to fc.*r it : be prepared for it each hour, 
fmce come it muft ; vh'lt the good mind 
fmiles nt its lUng, and dcfi"<;, thnni^h Chrift, 
its point. Beware of piiri-^n snd cruelty ; 
the hi a\ eft men are al'.v;»ysih»- mf»ft humane. 
Kejiiicein gr>cd-n:iture, not only to man, but 
to the nir^ielt infeft, yea, to the who^ ere- 
ati'Hi ^ loom to hint any living hoin; hut for 
thy food or thy defen<;e. To t.'C ci nd is die 
portion of the coward { while to he hi\4ve 
xod iiUio.tn.: goes liJiitU ii)>!iao--, «tu«i pleases 
G(k1. C k;/ ai youi Jnty t'.»wJc uhorot: Uc 
over y<-J ; hiic*., ui '. u.i ki;.#»v.ng - how 
t.) bi o*viJ;iii:, o^i.e iiuvci kiicw h«»w to 
comnmd. 

" N:»u', deir hoy, love ^Ir'. S'etlnnn and 
her little chilf'rcn Oom vour heart, if ever 
)ou hal a Iovj for y^ur dead father, wh> 
m mV th-s r«f'ii:»J>. She hi? rnof^ lender 1/ 
proved a help in thy ii'f.mt i*afd; whillt 
thou ait a hix>lher to h'-r h€l;^le<^s httle imcs, 
prove alfo a p.-«iont and gmniriii by your 
knidotf. and «.<.Mi'.lu.^l. Lr;( V'Hu ^CMMl-ftsitC^ 
kee]*) [ijjiv .mil ii iini').'!/ u\ nt. i(u.iv faiuily ; 
thfii (h.iU the hleHiMf; of Aioii;;lity G(v.i 
ovK»{Y>rtf wl \ou and litem, «uU we, toje:hcr 
v»\ih \ov\r \icVw<A a.viC:uc, \u-^ v\ft« ya\ui\- 
oa, have a c\v2i':\CiftOUWtsiot^6X.vitw»i\-, v<\iR.tv« 

MX 



»7930 MifallaHioui Cornnions^ ^irUs^ aniObftrvatisns. 803 



in tlie prefence of our Heavenly Potiier and 
merciful Renrfa(5tor, uurjoy and h.i|>pineff 
lb all be eternal and complete'^ which is Che 
ardent ti'ilh, the fincere prajrer, and only 
hop9, of your once loving ^Jther, wtto, my 
dear chiUI, uhcn yon reaj this, (hall he no 
morn, and re(^«, wiOi an ?ft'eAionare heart 
to rlcrnify, yours, J. G- St f. dm an. 

" P. S. Let not your grief for my ilece:ife 
overcome you. Let your tears flow wiih 
niuderattony and truft that I am bapp/.*' 

Mr. Urban, Sipi. 8. 

SOME of the followinc: errata tlfen- 
tiil'y alciiitic rlie (criiV, 1 beg the 
favour of you to intert rhcm. 

F. 701 , col. I, I. IP, read *< and profeffe*!." 
lb. 1. ft. i-eicl *' frovernment : atprcfent**' 
|h. I. p-niiii m*l ** C'lriiliAnMi:." 
Cnl.' 2, 1. rof add A comma afier *< rept-le,*^ 
3Q2. for"fenumei»ti;" r. *' fentimeiiti" 
lb. !. 5£, for '* wreck." read «' wreak." 

To the expbnation and enlargcraent 
of Chiiftianui's queftioDy io p. 724, I 
have nothing f trthcr to add^ but an af* 
furaoce of having uniformly objected to 
the propagation of orthodox v by means 
of fuch af^Jiin } and that no coal fiom 
tiie a!:ar lla^ ever lighted up my zeal 
for cruOirles, either agaiuft Saracen, Pa« 
pirt. P.cfDvfcriao, or thofe newly. tre'St- 
ed windmills agiinlt ivhich Mr. Burke 
has f>) complcicly Ihivtred his lance, 
nari.r.is of ideAJ AiheilU. 

The " ^ ^." in capitals, at p. 707, 
can denote norhmi^ fh .rt of " GrMnd Ih' 
quifitor \** not th4t it it uncommon to 
lee liiric men r^duuie mighty H^natures: 
but R^ it is nnjvcir^lly known thit «// 
Pr. I'lieliicy's letters were plundered 
two ye-iis ago, and every tiule of them 
minutely fcruiinized into by the Spy 
and the Perfecuttr, none but thole who 
belong to fonir Spuitual Couri could be 
guilty of fuch gruix indecency as tl.e 
pubi»clv catcchiling him akM)ut the con- 
tends of any letter which he may Jinn 
have received from his friends. L. L. 



Peerage of England *, vol. II. xd edit. 
1714, with n Supplement t" and is di* 
vided inro inu§ parts, each forminir a 
moderate>fited o6lavo volome. The 
fam.lv, •• Viux of H^rwHon," occurs 
in p. 323 of the fecond parr. 

Your Lc ice (ter(h ire correfpondent, in 
p. 714, is abundantly too icvere on the 
fuppoftd r^iigiont ipKitciVkiixk of Ycr- vert's 
nfuj trsmH-itor, who, though evidently 
no picfl of the Mufcs, mayt for any 
thin;; that appears to the contrary^ be a 
very devout ecclefiaAick, thovgii to bt 
furc he is far more circumfianiial than 
his original authorized in defcribinfr 
thofe tenets which the holy fifierhnod 
communicated to tlicir favourite bird. 
Abntic thirty-five years ago» a verflon 
of this poem of GielTet's made its ap. 
pearance, and was cxfcuted with eafe 
and animation by John Gilbert Coopvr, 
efqf. The laft Critical Review appears 
not, to lecolle^ ic, though no doubt 
one of their earlier volumes contains 
fome account and e x trad s from it. Oti 
referring to Mr. Cooper's Pocm^, pub« 
lifhed in a fmall volume by DoH(1ey in 
1764, I am forry not to tind the tranfla- 
tion ofVci-vertinferted amongthe other 
pieces of that elegant writer. Ac fo 
I001; a diftanceof time, detached pam- 
phlets, like the Sibyli's leaves, are feat- 
tered into oblivion. 

The ** ontriviitg com/'Ieteh iid'J^fiaft 
an ample pcrfonal fortune" would be 
more properly applied, in your Obitu- 
ary, to thofe who wafle iheir fubiUnce 
in vice, luxurv, or oHentation, than to 
the late Lofd Cudcnftoju, whofe pub- 
lic-fpirired underrakings deferve to be 
recorded with honour, and may ulti- 
mately piovc l)cneBc*ai to his executors. 
Of hi:n you have aliened, tl.at he built 
a viii.^ge which now cont^inv 12,000 in- 
h:ihi:ints. Let us hope :hat, from time 
to ti.i.e, fuch beneficent chara£)ers may 
arife, to refcuc humao-n^ture fram the 



Mr. Urban, Srpt, t^. 

TH\L nt-.v-.. papers having repeatedly 
mcDtioneil the appointment of Mr. 
Bibcc to be- hifloiio^raphur to tiic Kall- 
India Ci'ixipaoy, one of your readers, 
who lives at a diJ.ince from London, 
VfOuld be glad to know whether that 
pefl became v ■.. -ii: by the deaih or re- 
signation of vAi. Orme, author of the 
HiAory of HindoAan, who uUd to live 
in Hariey.Arcet^ 

Mr. Knapp, in p. 710, enquires .ifter 

Collinses exitn^ Peerage, lu the tiilr- 

pa^e of my copy it is nV.cd, " l*he 



* It was originally pnWilhed iu i7ri, bv 
£. Sanger and A. Coilins, under the gcnnial 
tide of •* The re^irngc of England; oi;, a 
Genealosical and Hotoiic.d Aja>unt of all 
the flourishing Families of tliis Kiii:;dom, 
win have home the ili^jniiy of Tccraje, cither 
byijiuiM, iumnions to parliament, iiivtftl- 
ture, or creation, ^c from the Saxon tiai^ 
to the prrfent year 1711;" and w:i$ rail -d 
" Vol. II." anhrrn;; a ccntinntion of n ft)r- 
mer work (which was alfo one larjje vo^umo, 
dividod into two pirt<) concsiniiig *' Ai 
Account of III© ^vV\©n^ v%v ^x'At ^vJw\\\^:* 
Bolljn puh\\ihed ai\ " ^iolvwCX Vttx^^ytf* \^ 
1769, m QUQ Noi^vQt^ ^^N^^ \«\t « 



8o4 Rifi^arii tfJi tbi Cbars&er rf thi Ytttif^.-^HerdUrj explaifiii. [ Sept. 

reproaches it incvrt for prodacing the late vafortunate king wmi really a 
Iwarmt of cyranti and ftatefoscBy whofe ChrifiMin) but the cireumflaiiec ua!* 

donbtediy is remarlcAble, and Arongly 
fliews that the French Mdonal charac- 
ter was ever the (ame. 

la fomc thiBMff U muft Ve oarned, the 
modcra French have depaiud fisr enough 
from the fcnrinicncs and praAice of 
thctr anccftors. Montaigne tell us^ 
that in hif tine an old niftjr fword uled 
to be carried before the magiflracy of 



pria^ipal deijgfat is tn blood. R. A. 

Mr. URBAHt , Si^' 5., 

FAR be it from mete infuit the mis* 
fortunes of fallen greataefs, or tri- 
umph in the mifery of princes in dif* 
trels : fuch bafe condnd befits only the 
▼ulgar fpirit of cowardly republicans 
and democtatic traitors. Neither ami 



difpofedv like the canting Puritans of << MmrcelUi," to denote their rerereace 
old, toafcribe tvify fin ifter occurrence for aorlquitT and diflike of ionoeatioa. 



in buiAan afl&ira to the particular judge- 
ment of God npon the fuffcring party ; 
for, that were ia thehigheft def>iee 
both prefumptuous and uncharitable. 
But the aweful ctent of a poweiful and 
£ourifliing empire totally oveithrown 
by infamoQS and low-bom mifcrcants, 
CTtn by the very bchfts of the people, is 
afo common fpedacle, no ordinary mii- 
hap. •* The ways of Heaven," wc 
knuvr, for the moft par, '* ate daik 
and intricate;" yet I cannot help 
conQdering the bitter woes now endu- 
red by the nobility, and indeed by the 
M/hole kingdom of France (for i mud 
Aili call it a kingdom), as the evident 
and jjft infliAions of Divine vengeance 



(See his EJfayn^ tranflaud by Charlea 
Cotton, vol. 1. p. 165}. In thefe days, 
ihe Marfeilloit have (hewn tbenfelves 
the foremoft and naddeft of to|ify»torvy 
politicians. 

With regard to crowaa, tmly, Mr. 
Urban, I mean not to infinuate that the 
quanrum of religioa ia any given nation 
is to be eftimated by the number of 
croflcs io the. tiari of its prince; for, 
then the good people of Baglaad would 
be found to be five times as pious as 
thofe of any ether eoontry (except in- 
deed the immediate fubjcds of his Ho. 
lineft the Pope), which, ingood faithi 
is much more than I will Undeitake to 
prove. But there is an anecdote, which 



for the manifold fitis and wickednefs of has been often retailed, and of which I 

that wretched people. Long indeed be- (hould be glad to alcercaiB the truth, a) 

fore the RevolutNm, Y'rancey it is uai- it tells much to the honour of our pre- 

verfally acknowledged, ^as the mod fcnt moil excellent Sovereign, It is« 

irreligious of -nations} and Parii was ^e that at hii coronation, when he was a^ 

(ink of every iniquity and vice. Deifm bout to receive the holy facrament, be 

and unbelief, as well as git>ia immora- reverently took the crown from his 

lity, hsd overfpread the land ; the no- head, and with his own hands placed it 

bics, the gentry, and tVen Tome among on the altar, remaining uncovered, coo«> 

the clergy, were tainted with infidelity) traty, I underlUnd, to the cuftom of 

and Voltaire only gave a wider circula* his predcceflbrs, till after he bad com- 

tion to that plague wit^ which too many municated in both kinds. The propri- 

of his countrymen were already infeA- ety of this a^ioa, I think, fpeaka for 

•d. It is a Angular faft, that the crown itiielf, and therefore I will comment no 



of France (when France had a crown) 
vtTit the only one in Europe which was 
not Jurm$untid by the emblem of the 
Chriftian religion. In the diadem of 
every other tovereign, whether Popilh 
•r Proteftant (unleu I very much mif- 
take, and I hope (bme herald will cor- 
jt!di me if I am wrona), the crofs is 

Keed aloft, as its rooft high and ho- 
irable ornament: but the French 
atiaarcht (though ftyled M^f Cbri/imm this explanation j which, 1 think, will 
Ew§s)t inftead of that venerable enfign, anfwcr to the figure, «ias. **tie bearetK 
proudly advanced their favourite flcur- Or,aa Antientin robes, triple* trowned, 
deolity noW| alas 1 icvcilad with the fupporting a ciucifia (or Chrift upon 
dttft. To drasr aay inlmnces from the crofs }^ on the breaft whereof adove 
£6i#i^/ni|glit be deemed fuperilitlous; difplayed) ail iHrithin a glory, aad the 
ptHbaaf rgdeti&Mtj J aoi furf| I do not ftrmatftthl %«dtT \\\t feet/ 
jjneifd, far, I am Aimly pcrAitdtd tbil X\i\\ Vait (%aia\a Ul«tl^^V^ ^^sv^^ 



farther on it than merely to repeat, that 
I hope it really happeacd. 

Yours, &c. B. 9* 

Mr. Urban, Sept. 9* 

OEEING, in your Magasine for laft 
'^ April, an engraving, pi. III. fig. 3, 
and perufing the Book of the Academy 
of Armory, by Randlc Holme, of 
Chefter, Gent, book II. p. 10, I find 



*•* 



t^iVr*^ 



1793*1 Account 9fa Charitabli InftUution in SaSblk. 



805 



dows ta ehoixliei in CheAire. It it the Thvrfd&j fof lowing; } at thcfe count 

the emblem of the Trinity, Father, Son, the ftewardt pay to the treafurcrt fuck 

Jind Holy Ghoft, which Dintel de* fumi at they have colledcd, which they 

fcribet, dhap. vii. 9, t^i by the An« difburfe to fuch obje6it at the gorer- 

t^ent of Dayi, and the Son of Man in nort on petition think entitled td relief; 

the cimMby having power and gpeat at thcfe mectingt the gof ernori go xm 



glory. Rev. xz« ii. 



B. L* church, and bear a fermon preaabed by 
fotne perfon appointed the year before f 
they afterwardt dine together, liroicing 
nil expnncet to five Ihjllings, an exeeU 
lent rcguUtion for a meeting of tbit 
nature. At the third general courts held 
at Stowrearicet at a central town, the 
two treafurcrt attend, inform the go« 
vemort what remaint in their handtp 



Mr. Dm Air, FarnhmKf Ang. 13. 

THB infeition in your widely -circu* 
lating publication of the following 
account ofa charitable'fociety eUabiifliea 
ID the connt? of Suffolk, may be ac- 
cepublc 10 many of your readers, ufe- 
fiii, perhapa, to a few, and, at I have 

more than once been applied to on the who order aceordingly the fecond di(\jri> 
fubjefi bv perfbnt deiirous of fetting on bution ; for, ic it not 6xed like the firft^ 
foot a (imilar inftitution, may even* but depcndt on the flatc of the corpo* 
taally fave fome trouble to ration Anancct | the accountt ace then 

Yourt, &c. J. Ord. clofed, (igncd by the- treafurert, and 

In the year 1704, a few perfont in audited. 



The following it the defcription of 
perfout tint charity rdievet, and the 
fums they have for Ibme ycart received* 

At Bory, Ac Stow- 
orlpfwicti. market. , 
£. s, d, jQ. i. J» 
10 10 o II ir o 



A widow under (o 

above 60 I r 11 
above 70 12 ra 

An orphan under 16, if 
wc irlieveilie molher 1 



the neigh bnuf hood of Ipfwich and 
Woodbridge joined in a fubfeription 
for the relief of the poor widows and 
orphant of the county clergy t their ^^^^^i Allowance, 
good example was fonn followed by 
other parts of the county ; and in the year 
174a, having received feveral legacies 
and larger benefactions, and the an- 
nual fubfciipiions amAlinting to up* 
wards of 200 1, the focicty applied for 
and ubsaincd a clnrter of incorporation 

tindenhe (lyle of '* the Governors of the An or|>)iaii under 16, 
Charit/'for tf>e relief of the poor wi- mot tier not relieved 10 10 
dows and^rphans of fuch clergymen as Two in a family eai.h 6 6 
at the time of their d,;aths were or (hall Three 15 15 

be poiTelfcd of fomc ccctefiaiiical bene- 
fice or curacv, within. the Archdeacon- 
ries of SufTotic, or Sudbury, or ehe- 
where, in the counry of Suffolk," Since 
this time the fociety has greatly fl.>u- 
rilhed, and, by the bIcHing of God, and 
the liberal con:rlb>;ti')ns of both Uity 
«nd ci:rgy, arc er/abied to afford a very 
comfortable provii:o:i to the fereral ob- 
|e£ls of their inftitution. 



fx r 
II la 



a o nothing 



o 
o 
o 



ditto 
ditto 
ditto 



U mure tlian three in a 

family nut to exceed 11 o o 
All urplun lluJciit at 

Cambridge or Oxford 10 10 O 
An apprentice, foi'i^even 

years 440 

N. B. An adult orphan, difabled by 
inhfinity from earning her bread, we 
confider at entitled to the fame relief at 
a widow of the fame age* We add 



ditto 

ditto 
ditto 



The chief conllitutions and rules of *o^' ^^ a®'- g*»»<n ^Y friends to put out 

the corpontion aicihcfc. apprentices; and, in cal'e of immediate 

The Biftiop of Norwich for the time w^nt, the treafurcrt are empowered to 

being is prefidcnt. There are four vice advance 10 guineitj and, in caleof pe- 

prefxdcmt, four auditors, two trealurcrs culiar didi elt, an additional relief it oi- 

and at many ttewardt as ate ncceffary d^^^ed by the gtneral courts, 

to collc£k fubfcnptions in their icveral ^^^ corporation hare a common foal, 

jdcanrics. The prehdenr, or a vice- reprekntin^; the two fmall loaves and 

prefidcnt, with five governors (under fi^fehlhcs: bloito, If'bM an tifi/ism^Mg 

tvfaich denomination are included lub- f* many f J. O. 



fcribers of five (hillings or upwards), can 
form a court tor the traniadtion of all 
liufinet's. 

Three general courtt are held an- 
nual I v, on^ on the Ihcoad T/iUr/day of 
Ju/f it Surjg gaothet at Ipfirich oa 



Mr. Urbah, Auf. 5* 

IFINO chat many gentlemen of land- 
ed pro^TX^ vi\i!kk xVoX ^<»t«.^ \c^<A^ 
might be adoyitd \ot \Vv^ v>ttvtso\wvsJ^ 
of tiikitti \u^«%d qI ^v|\ii't \^ ''^^^ 



8o6 ProjiUjor a dmrnutation rf Tiitn.-^BMscal- ^uity. [Sept. 

v^hich greatly impedet the improTCinent The afcrage prices of the quartet a 

of poor and barren land. loaf io London, for the yean 179 1 and 

Something of thi* kind I hinted in a i79z> are here fubj'^inedy each yeai ft* 

letter which the pubiifher of the Public parnte, and of the t'vo yejirv jointly* 

Advertifer was fo obi '[ring at to iiifeic I mean that all glebe (hou'd continue 

in his very uiVf'ui paper about the to the iocuaibents. The chrifteningt, 

months of May or June 1791. But weddiD;(s, &c. maybe paid according 

daily papei?, thcuyji tvtr io mcnto- to the average, 6rll fecring the numbtr 

rious, ate nut of a pcrmapcncy to bL re- of quartern loaves to be paid for each ; 

ferred to at a future day ; whild your the lay impropriators in the fame man- 

Map^azine \\ juAly cHccmed as a repo- ner; the average may be made every 

fitory of all m^-t;crs cuiiousor ufcful. ten or twenty years. Say that a living 

] tberefoie rc(>ucll a I'pare coiner for i^ now worth (excluAve of fm'tll dues) 

infirrtlug this hint of a pl.in fur afcer- lool. a-year, according to the avera|i(e . 

tainiog the paytiicr.ty which fha!i bear of the years 1791 and 1792 is mtmr 6d.} 

a proportion to the rife o: fall of corn, per quartern loaf, but fay ai 6d.}thea 

I mean, the average price of/ bread in the living might be faid to be worth 

London; fur, that is [>ublic to every one, 3;c$ q'lartern loaves, or rather 3563, 

and ealtly computed, io that there cia or S90 peck loaves ; then /Fat the living u> 

be no iinporiuon on either fide. The that number, and let the paiifli in ^e- 

average on corn cannot polhbly be af- neral be taxed to it according to rent of 

certained f* juftly, the qU"!ity being io houfi^ and lands, 

various and i?rge quantities b/oui;hc to A Fri£ND TO AGRICULTURE. 
London, that are not foid at market* . 

Price of Bread in London in 17QI. 

"Dfktts, H"* of Days. Price. Amount in Pence* 

Jan. I to April 27 inclufivft is 117 at 7J ^ 848 J 

April 28 Xf.> ^\\%, 17 inclufive 1 1 z 7 784 

Aus. 1.8 tu Nov. Li, iixhifive 98 6{ 637 

Kuv. 24 to Dec 31 inclufive 38 7^ 266 



Kow 1535} pence, diviJcJ by 365 D.^y«:, will average 6d.J -j ^-y which is nearly 7d, 

17'; 2 h'J'.iVj, Leap Ye-u*. 

Dates. N°ofnn).s. Price. Amount in Pence* 

Jan. I to tl»e 1 8th inclufjve is i3 at 7 126 

1 9 to M.irch 1 X ilitro 63 H 409^ 

March 12 to the28:h ditto 7 ^ 43* 

29 to Aug. I ditto 126 6 796 

Aug. 2 tu the T 5th ditto 14 6| 91 

16 to Sept. 12 ditto 2^ , 6| 175 

Sept. 13 to the 26th ditto 14' 61 91 

27 to O^. 24 ditto 28 7I «03 

0£b. a^tdihe 31O ditto 7 7 49 

Nov. I toth&22ft d.rto 2r 7i I52{ 

. 22 to Pec. 19 ditto 28 7t zio 

Dec 20 to the 3iit 12 7I 87 



Now 2393J pcncf, divided by 366 tViyi:, will average 6d.{ y" being 6d.f and about 

#ne fixth part <>f a fartbing. 

1 o .iveragc il.e two ycr:, ndd the fums 2^35$ and 2'^9;i| together, which make 4928} ; 
thi^. divided ^y 731, being the number of days in the two years, wiU average ^d.^|j 

very oeai 6d.J 

«iV^ ^HM* ^a^^ aiM^ ^M^iM^iM^ 

Wr. Urban, Poplar^ Sept. 2. thtK have <^'ine. that the ApoAle wrote 

MA>^Y of \our readers woitlfl xo>".'o«lanr yet^Hft KtXfVoylwv ftT€;^fl^flr». 

ti' .cm : .>. fivour if (gtre q? yry.i T-l^ .^r:^y pr'.rrJcty, hut allireirttrjjr and 

.learned conr'j. =n 'tnis, whr^ h,ivt (.--,. ^,!wi|.,ity of "ound (uhtch hcit feen to 

/fortifr/try (j: r\.^iT.'r.v2, <ViC^-<^:-\ ini'\ts aflcr> in other places), miy^ht induce 

0/ '.J:i. Crr'ch T^iiRr^au., w/c:!'! w.ive hlt\\ to write JuXiworlaff, the word whicfi, 

jaf . :::^L-^n, M-:ic:Ur:i: any v.'rinh);i r, ^ fuTpt^, V^ >a6tU <itDii»fc'\. V W. 



1793'] CerriSliett tfTtmu — A'«iu Sjjttm tf tht Univirft. toj 

iftmmr fir Itf Ci)rr,ahm if 7imi ftuilb * Ditiiuaiicm »f lit mi» Sjjlim •/ tt4 

U»iwrft), onitMUtibj Mr. J. E. Pii.LlZER. (CtMluKtd /rem f. 49^3. 




THE Tun makes his revnIutioD in t 



tht 


i po:r 


it«htr->li 


cSuniir^.nsandendi 








peFi'tndlcular line to 


tht 




lie ff tht 


.voitd. in which per- 


pel 


-idcu 




:r«oF ihsEanh doei 




L U1CI 


tl a^ain ai 


i< he fame (line as the 




■1 1>U 


■ .(,.;■ ,9. 


c^rl. Thii perpcn- 




uLr 




l.;e, ;.i.d icmaini be- 


lu. 


id >v 






K" 


rin>c 


m<..;..n >,f 


lU' 


ri, l^ 


1= app^ier 


t ^nL.,y being jz", 


th. 




lie ni"vinp 


lr..m Weft to Eift. 


Tl 


.e E^ 


iiih UiiJiij; t:!f fii-in the fame 


pel 


■1«».1 


iculai at 1 


lie hmt time ai (he 


Su 


™, d. 




:el iig.i:n with him in 


(he 


f^TI 


.c iinpend 


lituhr liut aFicr 19 


ye: 


in. 


Tl.e Eu.il 


:i an pu furiti bei" re- 


vol 






st cithtr by moving 


fafi 


:tr<h 


an tlie Sun 


,, ,»J prodocing, by 



thcrealoun, it folloivi that the Eaitht 
haring ihc 3ua tiea(ertoher but once 
a yeat, rrovei flower than (he Sun. 

Hence The Sun pirfnimt her reroJjiioB 
in moic (haa two yean; Qic fhewi (he 
ptaneii nearer or Farther, ihclr oibit* 
cMip(ie, ihoKgh they are not To. The 
Eanh dncs iiue pciceive ibe comets, if 
there are any, but when flii: happens tn 
be in hcrownoib't in the hemifpbere 
oppofiie to (he Sun, or by 4; digrtn 
before die .tpproachci (he oppuluioD, I 
da Mot gi<e now (be duraiion of true 
(iflif of ilie terreArial Dibit until I ant 
better a(<;uainted with the period of 

me, and coniliiiied ivith ihe mii(j>m of 
the Mnrin. The fcmldiamettr of (ha 
terrcftnil orliit It eiiual tn ihe delay ct 






;{ thi Sur 



h thei 



|a mean ilmci [.r, by moving floWer 
than the Sun, iind ptDduiiag (he fame 
tfTeil fiom a l.ke tc^fun. But ai, in 
nt^i^ufi hiier, the Earth ought mhiM 
xJie Sua oauer 10 hct twice a ytii, or 



vvttich ii 



equal tu ()ic complcii 
(ion of ihe Eirth on her ixi', which it 
aiwayi tn«aV \tt vAe\(, mid ssw^t^ C»* 
dutatisD of ii^. lU NVw-^tiv^^i x^^ijt^ 



8o8 2JiW Sjftem •f tU Univirfc^Dr. Pricftlcy vinditaUd, [Sept. 

lefs burdenfome yoke of Prt(b)ceritii 
arifVocracy. 

Whtf ber Dr. Pric(Ucy ftill rcuint thae 
warm admiration of the Britifr Confti- 
tutioa which he formerly profeflcd, or 
whether his eiperience of the iaefficacy 
of itf Uwt to afCord him <ither protee- 
tiott or redrefk may not have abated 
hia regard f<)r (bme of the appendages, 
and limited hit auilchmeat to its gene* 
raj principles ooiy, I iball not auempt 
to dcxide } neither is it^y iacentfon to 
enter the litttjn hfs defence. I iball 
only obferve tcr, R. L. (h*«t bis qa6ta. 
tiont are not al«ir^ys warranted by hit 
raferences; and thM, if l>r^ P. hfu wtx 
charged <'the Chui^h of fioglanid with 
btUig ready to drinld the bidod of^ Uni; 
urian Aiartyn," u i« not in ]>« i e of the 
Dedication to his Appeal, tb which we 
are rrferrcrf i neither ought the circum* 
Aanct, & iligh^ly r^aied by .Dr,* P, ol 
an cpifhec applied-' to hiiiii^ ai argt|- 
AMiit by one of iiis frie»dty fb hafe 
been exaggerated'inco *<tf^^forfhIy pfo- 
fc fling himfejf 'a rigid/^rinj|tanai\' in 



or troe lunations in 19 years, called 
meaii fynodic months) and fhe finds 
herfcif in conjunAion czaAly at the 
moment which clofes the 19 years, and 
in the fame perpendicular which at that 
anoment interfeAs rhe centra of the Sun, 
Earth, and the World. The Moon 
has IS lunations a!l but 11 dayf a year, 
which makes the mean fynodic month ; 
I fay ai4«a, bceaufe the fame terrifflrial 
eccentrUicv, which produces the diflfer- 
CBCe of true time from m^an rtme« 
ought to caufe the fynodip month to be 
more or Jcfs variable, inafmurb as it 
it reckoned only from- one ^njunfUon 
to another. This Ysrriation, unknown 
before I had fixed my fyitcm, and'which 
alone can cofreA it in that refpefl, i^ 
fiern the cattfe why. the motion of the 
Moon has atways dtceivcd theobfepra* 
tion of everj aftroiinmer, .bec^ufe the 
Moon was laid to be where (be really 
was Boc The quantity of this snean 
lyaodic nnottth cohfiffs of sod. iz*h.r 
4t'}]^. It is thus fhilt, every month 

bein^ difierent both by the prcceflioR „ , - v. - 

and dalay which nhoceeds Utm the ec- pol kicks,". i6r the POf^QR o^lbrmiAc a 
ceatricity of the EarW), and byflle-Tt*. ftroiig.ctfntraft wich.lqHicr.'^rtt .eSF his 
riatlon even of true time, we ihall be' '^Vitings, in ord«rid fliaw hia^lncoa- 



able to calculate to. a nneiy ihe paflage 
oF thif body through 4 terreflrial meri- 
dian durins; the 19 yeau of a cycle; 
and the diflfercnce of this pafTage in true 
time to the palTige of the fame planet 
through an unknown meridian will ex- 
a£^ly give the longitude. This new 
method, the moft precious refult of my 



fifiency, 

Dr.p^r^aa avowed his wiih^ ''that 
the' kingdom of God and of Chrift may 
fujly come, though all die kingdoms of 
the world be removed to make way for 
it." Such an event would, in R. V% 
imaeinaiion', be attended with fo anuch 
coofunon, that, in his horror of revo* 



fyftcm, is lefs difficult than the prefenc lutions, be fccms to wi(h that it mav 

method from the difiance of the centre neyer come at ally at leaft upon thofe 

' ' " - ■ - conditions. And, indeed, if the Con* 

flitutioB of any country l>e fb very oor* 
nipt, that the kingdom of God cannot 
be cflabliihed without its uticr over* 
throw, a good-natured Chrift ian, what, 
ever his religion might prefer ibe, might 
%vell diudder whenever he repeated the 
Lord's Prayer; but, entertaining a bet. 
ter opinion of the Britifli Conflitution 
myfeff, and not confideriag the f«u» 
limgd^mt to be fo utterlv incompatible 
as not to be capable of hibfiftini; toge. 
ther, I can chearfutly join in Dr.P's 
prayer, without fearing thefe '< dreadful 
and bloody" coafequences which R« L. 
feems to anticipate from fuch an event. 
By a manifcA pcrvcrfion of a ftron^ 
expreiHon quoted from Dr. P. for which 
(could it bear the meaning he has af* 
fixed to it) it is plain no other perion 
could be refponfiUie, he has repiefented 
the UauaiiiAt at a body of mca fo void 

%1 



of the Moon to the centre of the Sun 
and Stan, bceaufe there is no corrcAion 
to be made in the limple paifage of the 
Bdoon through the meridian, and time 
IS corre^ed* J« £• Pellizlr. 

Mr. Urban, Jug. 14, 

IS it, Mr. Urban) becaufe they con* 
fider it as a vilifying appellation, as 
a word long ufed by ihc vulgar in an 
opprobrious fcnfe, that tht adverfarics 
or Dr. PrieAley and the Uniurian Di(- 
fenters generally chufe, like ]|four cor* 
rcfpondent R. L. to diflinguilh them 
by the name of PrrJIytiriaMS I a name 
which might be applied to the members 
of the Church of England thcmfelves 
with no greater impropriety than to any 
fe£l of Engl lib DiHentcrs ; all of whom, 
"lorying in their liberty, rejoice alike 
J 'htir freedom from iht delpotic fway 
of ^pifcopml gofenmtm, ami the no 



^ 79> J Vindication of Pre/bytcriaris and tJnitarian Diflcntcrs. 86} 

of refpcfk for the government of rhii ment. Security for our good behaviour 

rountiy, ai to conceive Kjng, Lords lies in your handt, Cotered as the 

and Comrnons, to be no better than a Und is with our engines, our houfes. 

gang of rafcalt and highwaymen; and, our machines, and our manofaAorics, 

with the tike candour, affirms that the peace and trflnquiliity muft ever be our 

modern Preihycerian (by whom it it intercfl ard delight. If, therefore, from 

pretty evident he means the Unitarian this quarrer only they are a^prehcnfive 

DifTentersy however improperly that of danger, both R. L. ind his friend 

epithet be applied), hairing been taught Mr. Burke may reft in Peace, ai.d tran- 

from his infancy to •• follow irUih quiilize their difturbcd imdgirations. 

wherever it leads him," would " re- " Lean and hungry-looking mor:-!?." 

g^rd wiih indifference the downfall of as we are, according to R. L*s witty 

ail the kingdoms of ihc world ;" a defcription, and nitb " faceii, as it 

fdlfe and injurious inference ! Truih feems, indicative of nothiftd: but p!ots*' 



may indeed Jead to reform ; yet, being 
infeparablc from juftice, can be pro- 
moted only by inftruftion, and is atto* 
grther incompatible with violence and 
wrong. 

It is indeed probable that thefe indi- 
re^ and unfounded accufatiens were 
dcHgned rather to rxprefs his own dif- 
like of UnitariAns than to imprefs hit 
renders with conviflion^ But, however 
harihiy K. L. may judge of their prin- 
ciples, it is reform, and not revolutioni 
that is their dcfire, as well as the pre« 
vailing wiih nf the great body of the 
JDifTenters. Friends to the true princi- 
ples of the Conftitutiun, they are there- 
fore enemies to its abufw's, and their 
wiih for reform is generated by their 
dread of revolution; but our enemies 
are confcious that we are unjultiy treat- 
ed, and therefore they conclude that 
we are difcontented and dangerous. 



It is true that, having failed in our Oilcncys 



nothing out pi 
and confpiracies, our plumper brtihi'ea 
of the EAabliihed Church have but lit* 
tie to fe^r from us ; nor, while thejf 
feel no hunger and third bur afrerrighr* 
eoufnefs only, need thcv be icared bf 
the gaunt countenance of the muP. tierce 
and meagre-looking Unitarian. G. W. 

TwoMoMTnsTouR inScptland. 
(Coniinuid from p. 707.^ 

TIDL highways through almoft the 
whole of Scotland, and entirely 
through the Hi^hland^, arceicellent; 
thefe la(l have been r^ade chicily hv the 
military Oaiioned there, in miny places 
with infinite labour and expence, unA in 
all of materials fo durable:, th.tt, being 
fubje6l to no heavy carii<iges, ihcy can 
fcaiccly ever fiand in need of any con« 
iidcrable lepair; whilit not a (ingle toll- 
bar intercepts \\\e. trnvcllcr beyond 
Queensfeiry, or Dumbarton, to the 



application for the repeal of the Teft 
AO, and difappointed in the favourite 
obje^ of our wifiies, we continue, with 
the kceneft indignation as well as the 
moil hopelefs regret, to contemplate 
the operation of thofe impolitic and 
contumelious laws^, by which we arc 
tieated like aliens in our own land ; 
which weaken and divide human foci- 
ety, difturb and embitter the intercourfe 
of neighbours, and make, as it were, 
two nations out of one. Yet, thus li- 



The only halting-niacc from Invcr- 
nefs to Fort AuguHus is at a rr.ean Imc 
by the way-fidt, to which it uouid be 
wife to b:ing provilions, as wc ioond 
ourfclves under the necellity of tlrlt 
chnfint; down the poultry before il«cy 
could be dreU'ed for dinner. After luch 
a preface, it will hardly be expcokd 
that much iliouid befaid in praifc either 
of the delicacy of their flavour, rr the 
manner in which they were dilhtd up; 
but, in fuch liruiticns, air, txtfreiff, a 



mited and confined in our purfuics after chearful party, and, above all, n deter- 

wcaUh, and almoft wholly employed in niination not to b; difconcerted by ixxciv 

trade and manufa£!ures, wearenotlcfs tntles, give a 2t:ft to evcrv thir.p thic 

the friends to order and good govern- otlcrt. \V'c had, bcfidcK, not ct^oc into 

^^r — . — „ T" ~7 ' the Hiehiands to rcijalc cur pjlau-s, Uut 

* Aa ciie uUa nuK.r, aui mfiguior CiTitn- * a \. r c^, ^ c 

n.elia poteil, quum partem c.titai:s vdnt «'J- «y« ^ '\"d the profp. a uow bcfcMC 

coiitamiuatam haUri? Quid eft aliua ou;.m i^em was c. a kin<l uhuh even mo.- 

exilium inter eaJcm rrioenia, quam leicga- C'"* hiT.lc'J iM^ni ii*ve ir..iiie.:, \ud 

tionempati?— Sicnrsfnble^iifup^iUaima his ta«e been f.-r furli fort eft!.-', 
vincula conjicitis, qua d rimatis focieutrm llcnce tlie rouo rv(i«A7^'^VA^vi'\VV. t^V^x^ 

civilem duaf^ue ex una avttMe /aciatis. tKc icvtl ol \\vr"L«^v.^ \•:v>^ "Vi^ *ckV: ^\ .^\ 

X/V. Jfh. J V. aip. IV. of F V t r « . 1\«t ^ VV \\ \\\?lX "^ ivvit t \^^trw» 



Continuation of Two Months Tour In Scotland. [Sept, 

Such onexpeded mementos nF eIrgaDt 
nod poiiibed life, swiiidft rhe Aroo^ and 
lugged trtiti of Niture^.hRve »n t-ffcSt 
upon thf mind to be doly flt«m»ted by 
ciperience osLy. Behind this manfion 
a moimt/iinous tnd «ivild tra^ of coun- 
Iry ftrcrcbet We ft ward, whence the 
aativei in grett numbrn h»d iately 
emigrated beyond the AcLmfic, iiri;cd 
to it (in addition to the reafons ;t(rigned 
already) by the calamitous letriritY of 
fcverai fucc^fRvt wmrers, by which 
their herds nf cnitle, their on>y we<iitb 
and hnpe^ had been almofl cotncty de- 
ilioyed. 

Onwards, and alfo beyond the Locbf 
is fecQ a rained eaflle, the name of 
%vhich I reytret to have omitted noting 
dovn« fo fiiiely pi^urcfqne was it both 
in Us fnuatioo and itfelf. The road we 
were »ow purfuing wa« indeed of (upe- 
rior bcaoty» running near the bottom of 
a high range of hilia^ whofe ftet ^ere 
wafted by rhe fliipifig watert uf the 
I^och, and whofe fides were richly clo- 
thed with birch and ochtr treeij thiougb 
which large caAie^Hkt m^iTcs, or Bb« 
tupc poiati of rocks, blanched bv time, 
or Aorms, and fpotied with differenr- 
cqlourtd mcli'es, peeped out in a great 
variety of forms and places ; whilft* 
above them all, the veaTurous gom was 
ieen bounding from clitf to clifT, in 
fearch of his Uvourite hcrba, to the very 
fummits of the craggs, or hanging oa 
Ibmc narrow proJeAion of the precipice^ 
and gaaing, as in mute wonder, at the 
ifitrufiTC paffengers below. 

Betwixt Loch Oicb and Loch Lochy 
its ttcar neighbour, we oblerved foldieis 
lo be pofled in the feverai mifirabie ho« 
vels icattered up and down this diAr»A » 
and, on enquiry, were informed, that 
their defigoation was to guard the pro* 
perty of the inhabitants of the valley a 
from the depredations of the ntigb- 
bouring Mounuincers, who, like Cdcut 
of old. 

The pel^y and feandil of Maont Aventh^e^ 

hovering aioft, and watching ibeir op« 
portunity, «re accuflomcd to defceDcl, 
and drive away whole herda to le^iona 
impctvious to Arangers, or where tht-y 
may be fo effe£luaily fecieckd 4monj^ft 
the uatural defiles and hoUowt of tho 
country^ that all purfuit of them is dc- 
fperate, and the' baffled oancr 

Nulla vidat tacki quasrens vedi^a fm til 

Ovio. Fall« 



8lO 

fo fit enthroned in aweful and untamed 
magaificence. No defer iptioo of mine 
can convey an adequau idea of fuch an 
alTcroblage ofhui^e mis lliapcn rocks 
helped confufedly on each other, inter* 
fperfed with projeding (lumps, ragged 
^uphs« ;>nd rwifted. loou of trcet , in- 
creakng by ob(\ru£^ion rhe foam and 
fury of ' the torrent, whh:h haadrong 
hurls itfelf amongftthem. An antient 
native told us, that he did not remem- 
ber fo dry a fiimmrr fince that in which 
Queen Anne died. This circumftance, 
thoukb it had contributed to the cdhi- 
fort or uur journey hitherto^ was the 
oGceHon of fume diminution from our 
pieafure heie, fince the body of water 
wftK confrquently lefs » but the fcene 
was Aill fublime, and the pencil of Sal- 
vator could ontj emulate ira favage dig* 
«irv. 

Hence, bearing off towards the left 
fiom the border of Lochreft, and wind- 
ing et*er a country refembiing that be. 
twixt Bala and Feflinicg, in North 
Wales, the road condu6ls at length to 
a view of Loch Taarf, ftudded with 
ifttle rufied ifles, and fed by water- falls, 
whicli, rolling down from the Heights 
•n the feft fide of the road, wear in 
their way deep and ihadowy dells, pro* 
piiioufi to the growth of birches. 
• It had been ufual with jas to dlfpatch 
a fcrvai*t forward after dinner to fecure 
us the better accommodation at the ion 
where we purpofed to ftay the nigbt. 
7here was a drearinefs, however, in 
this evening's (laj^'e, and a /ufpicion aa 
we 'thought, perhaps linjoftly, in the 
manner of cert;iio Hightand'eis, wha 
feemed to rife fuddenly upon us from 
amoagit the broem, which induced us 
aottoMTen our (Irengih by detachiug 
from our number. 

Fort- Auj^uftus ftands upon a flat at 
the terminarioa of Lochnefs, and is 
neither corrfiderable for diMienfioos or 
ftrevgth. From the heights above it 
the whole of Lochnefv, pcrfeAly flraright 
in itfelf, may be beheld at one view to 
the extent of twenty-four miles. 

proceed iog hence, the way lies along 
a valley to Loch Olcb ; which, in ap- 
proaching it through a village, makes a 
plcafing appearance with its green and 
ilirubby ifles. Glen-Garrie, ihe feat of 
t'lie Mac Donalds, an anticnc and even 
royal race, giaces its farther Ihore, and 
prclenis itfcTf very inter«flingly over a 
/ore -ground of mcjidowB divtrlifled with 
etres claiming, in thU c/ima re,, the dif. 



tinthwc epitiitts of htgt and 



ftiiitly, 



(lit ba «(mtiaacd,| 



^\t- 



, 8|2 V Pfephti't Fieodi Sntf imitatid i« J>tgffftl RLjmi, [Sept, 



Lm Colbeit it la SaUj 



Soeo lh«U.lM MAtit'4 1* mfi 
Geldm dajrf— (Co nint Ihor pbn)-~ 
At «rh«i &rft l>» wtKtd h>CHl a 
. Then IM u lm«kKi^cl(BC>, Sirt 

JfxMwnoftf voImwiflMv, St', ' 
SqiiCDco* Hf jiflfMIitiE. 












Matines It nonet) 
Koot vemtm ett bicnhnm 
XMftr, ihjtir^.iMin vcsa 

FiiEnt'dn teviiinin ' ' i 
' Sera U mnlelc : 



Q!!!,.!* crujanc on iit\a. 

Ah 1 ou-iLtaut aimer li 
Ajiu;§ nil n'tiro pfus 



* If»&tt-ilpuUmJLM.aa-lmii»thff 



Brutbu- be receiv'd (nr Iwv, , . 

P^ of Hoo^ be ^ EQt ow. . 

;cni(ilek f might qui vrfi(£« Six, , 
LtketrKpiofeq^at^Mi]*, ' " ' 
OftheWrflaiu, vWretuM ' ' ' 
Krar rdaiMit nuir hi'boM :-^ ' '' ' 

l4ij numlii no iii9if (bill dvcU^ ,tii^ 
Or pale ouni in cloitt«r'd cd), Sii^ -,- 
FJt and rcninc* nuw £^cwel, Sirt- - 

Mnirs, nones f , and vcfpiai. 
SflCh puur deviW, ill fM free, 
VohS mil vgill I'conanM, Viu^ ftf«' 
And, ruJTu] Liberty's fair &M,' 

Ofmce with nterrr' Itep, Siirl ' ' 

SftiMminng tbkbm'ijmto, 
A>id iba UirkiLicy'vebranghtumatCb. 
£v'ry (vAioii liMNi wiilmnto- .. 
Such LUIS QMUi of (liirjr »f- ' 

* .Altered, for ATima realiuii^ Ittm 
oT'E'iial. 



»793'3 Tip*graphic^ Ktitt frtm St. Marjr's H»U at CoTCOtry. 813 



Ttaa pmut bo3(l ia FntKhima owg 
Firft to Tqrfot, f «*n agu. 
Now to RnbcKpwm* «d C& 

Chief) tmunn'd in fl«T. 
O^e time ii, w^ hurt wid *okr> StTf 
WiLh hU [Kuplo Hr*ulJ rejiiic*. Sir, 
Nay, rcfiin liii rule ol clwca, Sir, 

Would it g'Kxi command 'ciT- 
Yet niuft tic luva viniM well, 
W ho for ooqght a crown wotiUfill 1 
Sjich 3il(iJcn i 'd ib«a tell 

How to Isic|t tbcir iitiKlfB 1 1 1 

Mr. UkbaMi Ant. )9< 

IN pairmK the otb«r A»j ttiruugh Co: 
vcnirir I wai cnDccrotd to Rod the 
HiOacyorihticiLy [ately announce j^wai 
not In luch ioxvirinth » migbibfi Will)- 
cd, Thii it DOLibc place toci^icr inuim 
dirculIionoFnhiirclaidiit. But I heard 
fo much in faToui of the material! lod 
ibt fubjefti inrcftded to be cngniTed, ii 
wtll atorchcecutlcmenwhohidkiniflr 
olfeiedlo undertake it, that I bearllly 
wiih the cdiioc may no longer Itiiid JO 
hii own lieht, and fo deprive the pub- 
l^k oF fuch an inteiel^ias and long, 
ivillicd for piece of local biftory, 

I taiinot Uy tliai all ilic pailiculatt 
enumerated by icur totrcfpondeni 
(,s-.vn/r««r/,LlX,'c;ji,aodOi/'™*''"'' 
11> ijgo, occurred t'u me on a fliort vifit 
in a lieavy r^iD. St. Maiy't Hall, which 
ill': \a-,<.i.\ riijuftly ddmirei, iiundcigoiog 
■ tli^'ii'iigh repaii'; the podraid t^f ibc 
kill):'' i'.i iQC Nunli wmdaw, I mean fo 
ir.i]>ii i>f it'.vtn at themafoniand gUficii 
iiJ net bTiai It pints w tiki»^ dovia, 



fword, Tlioma* with h»'lince| Aiw 
drew wh& bit' UoA, a^W with' a 
fivard and bo(»k, and i liOn ■t-'tiii fen. 
Under there ii a kiag kne«Hftjr hb 
4eSk,, with hit truwaiada Uook on itt 
behind him anoblemaii ftndine, U.t»tt 
dinal kneeling, and nihcraftllliilti ftaadw 
Ui^. Oa iha right hand, iibo«e, are fc* 
male manyrt; beliiw, « queea kneeliif| 
at a delk, with a bou^,' »nd female at- 
tendant! behind li«i 
reprefeaf the eHaUi 
ot the Buildi) and p 
Edward III. Id who 
■II founded, and ib 
OT tbey may be H* 
■ member of the gu 

The armi 1 Taw 
the kingdoiii af (he 
of Man, ^arl of 
York, King JHUti 
Duke of Aquitainc. 

A Weft wtBdon hat been eol^rgetl 
■Dd new. glared wiib plain glaCi. 

In the lower tumpartmeBit of ttiv 
firll £qft window a'c the t'ortraitt uf 
IfiiliamBiaiiciaaf, foutlh Ion or Tho- 
tn^i Bcaucticiinp, ihiid cail of War* 
ivickof that nimc, wlio died 1^11, and 
hit wife Jobatna. Under him arc tb« 
ucbamf, Inid Btrgavia/ijf 






mfcri. 



Wh^n 1 Uw lb. 



e 30 yta 



>»ga. 



tapeftry 






repre. 



t^iit ibe Laftjudgemeitt- In the middle 
crniipdiiiiicnt ivai ihe Dtiiy featcd on ■ 
tiirune, with a f'nird and fcales, attri- 
I.UKS r-iilier unuf'-ial, and which led 
vour concrpondL'nc to call it 3 figure of 
juHice. On each fide of him angel) 
wiih the intlrumcnti of the palTion, the 
BI'lTcd Virgin rtinding Uelow fur- 
louitdcd with the Twelve Apofllcs. la 
the lcftcompattincai>.tboveJcruiChiifl, 
with the leven.realed buck, ilicLamboti 
it aiieadi.d by the A|>olUei, among 
wliom ivat diftiDguifiublcPaul with hia 

■ Thit name the Inntl^or Iw taken tba 
liberty of adding j and fnggalti, itiai it miy 
fo aiitwer as » atOiWcn (one eiilier leaving 
out the lad Vcrfe, or iiij^poiing Lhs Ijnie a 
);ltli: previoui to the dtpulitioii oF the king. 

]( It were piu-iiculai ly wilhcJ lojiretervs 
Ihe pTcfiftf, the Sth flioza rmy eafily be 
ulicral, and Urittly cbuGiiat to Uit witiajL 



Under h;i wife, who wai nne of ttie 
daughtcri and co~hciri of Richard Fiti- 
Aian, eirl of Allibdel, are the arm* of 
Seau<hmmp, impaling Gulei, a lion 
rampant, quartering chcqu4 O. Sc At> 
the inlctiption, 

She died 143;. 

In the two upper compartmcnlt of 
thii window are tvo bilhopt, of whom 
Dugdale, who attended onlv 10 the por- 
train of the earit of Warwick, gi>et no 
account. In hit lift of member* of t.hia 
guild wt find Henry Beaufort, billiop 
of Wincbcfter, and'Rsbert Siretton 
biOiop of Lichfield, la the upper part 
of the fccond tvindow, a figure in a led 
cowl and bell, rcptelcotiag ItietmrJ 
BiauebMap, jth earl of Warwick of 
that name, and nephew to William bc- 
foreineniionfd, who died I4J9- Under 
bim Btaucbamf quartering chequi 3 
chevron Ermint, eM«arltnj' Wat'iuuV, 
incirotcd w«b itMo\\\ttfc\\^\i«i-, 



Si4 Topographical Notes from St. Mary's Hall at Coventry. [Sept. 

Now R . €ha mp V'ni ...... 

Arm9 aaiy o( BuutchMMp* UncUr hisfe- 
cond ^U. ir«bel,. (iflU(^hter aad heir of 
Thomas de SpcofcTt ikikc of Gloucef* 
tcr^a lad;r \^ areiiculaicdhead-dreli,in 
ibe pppoiite compartmeniy >• the lirft 
quartered coat with a fcuccKcoD of pre- 
tences bend quacuriDg a tut afid oa I 
fcjcll r'"ind it 

aCiMia*--- 

Bfattehamp Smpiilini; Gulei a Ii«a 
nmpitnt O. quartering cheque O. 
and At. 

In one of the lower compartments of 
thtf window, the6gureof a' man with a 
^•ard, red cup and belt, and under it 
Ibfnethinfr like a bend dexier berween 
wbct'h G. and O. a fefs betiveeti 6 
loondeti, impkKng cheque O. and Aa. 
a chevron, but much broken. The 
other coinp.-irtments paiched up. In 
the thiid window bcluw, under a man 
ytnh A '^'d r-«i), 9 merchant's mark, be- 
tw-en S ^, and round it 

Slaom . • . . ua e(29 . . . fts . • • 

Tn« tigure opp iiua lo ihii i» made up 
of pieces. AiAivc chcie a bifliop with 
this ibieid under him. Paly of ten A. 
aad 6. on a bend a mitre over it. 

Oppofu^ lu bun another biihop hold- 
ing io bi9 left hand a Ihut book^ under 
liim a ikield with the armt-of earl 
f^t^ruk^ Q. an CiigU difpUycd O. and 
iDTer i' 

9iXM^ .... cm. 

Ovci c4Lh of ihefc biOiops heads are 
iflfciiofions in ftmicircle^, not eafily to 
ll^eicflil j but all the windows have un- 
tfergone fomtalt^erations by repairi (ince 
pu^daicS time, the arms in particular 
i>eipg inilpUced and broken. In the 
^hrcc oppofue \t Endows remained only 
pnc bead amnn}; patch- work belonging 
rrobnlity io Dugdalccai! of biaHord, 
pr duke t)l Nvirthu'dbcrLand, and on the 
JoHcr conipiirtments of one had been 
Jatc.y pHintcd John Shaw, Mayor, 
^7^7.' In an oritl window near the 
vppc'i end were pdiritcci in each pane 
>ai (tu& foils oF b.rd*:, flvihg, pluming 
thcnTl<.)ve9, or picking inie£li>,h€rbs,and 
i;rain ; in the midol;: row, in rondeaux, 
a nian mowmg, another plowing, im- 
)>ertc^, and a third felling a tree; F. P. 
f i c ibcond of thefi, Awi. all ihe birds are 
t>o • gone. 
fhnhr the End wfn<}ow, and along 
^cii^btfidt: offLif bull, aft: (he {oLow^ 



ing lines fit diflerent pannels, with En^- 
lifli infcriptiuns over-»gdinii them, as 
luarked by the tij^uTes here. 

I. 
Princeps ille niper (nivei «|«i vpnice pcnn^is 
Ci i1>a mhmx vi^li rcgi* car'iqna H»l;c nis 
Ilxuviib) hcios £i)on.iidus nugnus m aitnis 
Hicfedero iKiCiut, ficdi6luetl priiicipis aula 
Hoc autore fuit libcrtas civibus aiicLi* 
Miuieribufqueorn^tta fuis rti'puhlica crevir. 
Hiocdcpi^a vides pulHin fun peiiuaperurben>y 
I'eiltatur masni muiiimeiuum 3e pignus 
amorts*. 

After this infcriptioo aie the Prince 
of Wales arms. 

ir. 

Labentcs (atis (quiil enini perdtirjit in sevum) 
Fortuiias urbis taiulem nufcrjtns ^tgrorum 
Extendit iines JNurthumhniu ille Juiianiies; 
Cumqne fuit bello tluxniviCtinimusi armis 
In mcdiis coluii pads vir |>rovtuus aites, 
Ezcmploqs fuuni vocat :id pia fata Robertumf • 

Aims of Ntfithumberland. 

m. 

Non tantum meruit Leofriais CeftiUis olim^ 
Kec coajux Godiiia, pii diix fcem'na fa£li. 
GoJinBy ah ! tticni qmc lege coadta mariri 
Fertur equo dit)iii.\comAS umtata per nrbetn^ 
AfTcruitqaer ftfos, cdlpent utninf]Me minores. 
Vicitamor patriz, libenatifpe cupido. 

Between this and the following a bear 
and ragged Oaffythe ciefl of Robert Dud- 
ley, carl of LeiceOer, and of the earl of 
Warwick, derived from the earls in the 
time of the Britons, the (laflf being added 
when Morvidus Htw a giant armed with 
a young tret* j. 

IV. 
Quantum hod'ie patrem refercns LciceHrius 

hrroi. 
Retro fubbipTam qui nnAram reftituit rem, 
■ ' ■ t ■ ' ■ ■ 

*■ Edward III. at the iiidancc of Q^ic;:u 
Ifabtl m:idc tiiik town :t curpoiation* a id 
gave theni a ^ri(bn. He ^iifo gave Chem leave 
to wall- in (he town ; which work fceni:> lo 
have bven redraioed ; for, the Black Prince, 
when ho became polieli'ed of Clr/Iemi* e 
Park, giv.nted it totl.e town, with hccace lu 
inclofe t!ieir city wir!i a wail of lime and 
ilone embaiUTled', for which a tax was laid 
on the inhabitants. Dn^dule, 140, i. 

f The duke of Northnml^riaiid here 
mentioned teas behea4ietr x M»ry for fettinj 
up Queen Jane j and Robert his ibn was the 
famous e.-irl of Leiceiler. Tlte duke w.4S 
foil to lutward Dudley, beheaded in the be- 
ginning of the reign of Henry VI 1 1, and was 
created earl of Warwick in the hegmning i)f 
that of Kdward Vf. and dnkc of Nouhnm- 
hcrland, fifih of fame king.. What additiun.1 
iando they g.ive to tills town xn expreifal on 
a brats \\VAt9 M xXy^ \w.Vck^ v]\ vV^ V^i^ 



iiS MfiMxki^Ut hfimatioii M v^rtiui Suhjeiisi [Sept 

ib«r with iron bari. Of ibi| jou ire sir Thmnat More ceafed to be L^d 
•Irendy ill formed ^bj • cortcfpoiideiity Chaacclioi, he no ionger (at in the 
p. 690. WbcthAr the ]owcrili|; Che belH chancel. See |i. 437. 



{o much mav not afied fheir Ibund^ at 
the attcratipiit in Lichfield cathedral 
have presented the congie|atioo fiom 
heating the preacher^ mull be^Jcft to 
tine to flicw. R* O* 



Mr. XJiBAKt 9fpU 14. 

IN p. 677. col. a* K46* of Thomai (ihe 
fixrb} Lord Fairfax ir ii related, that 
h^yw%fimi€4mcinii\u Aroerica«benBany 
yean ago left^hit bou(c and property at 



t. 701. col. a. t. 1$. for 416 r/4769 
and L tu for 513 r. 553. 

P» 765* col. 1. 1. 14. An annuity of 
fo^ooo/. it an uncommon large aKow^ 
ance for the Tecond Ton of an earl t 

P. 766. i. 31* del. Ireland, North 
Craj being in K.en{. JE. U. 



Mr.UltdAKy Sfpt. 16. 

IAM n gr^t admirer of innr>ctnt wit 
._ _^ . .^_ _^ • ^ ' and htfmoar. Bur, 1 thinks they lofc 

Lecdi Caflle to hit brother Robeit. ail right to that cpithet» when there a r£ 
The eftat4^ was in Virginia, and itmuft aoy traitt of ill-ntture, or obfccnity, 
kafe been of coniidestble value, if an or any oatbt of curfine or f«vearinf;,in- 
cfiimate may be formed of itt worth troduced. And therefore I would wilh 
|rom_ the ^compenfation m-'ile to the all wrttert.of play«» farcet> prologue^. 



Jate Lofd F. by the commtmoaert au- 
thoriacd to adjuft the ciaimt of the 
American ioyalitta aficr the Revolution 
in that eoontry. 

P. 6;8, 1. 4- " David \V:ilkini, D. D. 
ihm» of Norwich"— a miflMke t for the 
only dignified benefice, bcfidct a Pre* 
bend of Canterbury, held by Dr. W. 



epilogtiei, and novelc, entirely to avoid 
thefe erron in their fcveral comporittons. 
80 far from rendering them the more 
graceful, they often bock riw chearful 
perfontfwho hat a fenfe of rooralitv or 
religion. And I will ventute toamrm 
that au*hort may aqnally well fupport 
the cbaraAcrt of their bcroet and he* 



offending decency and common fenfe. 
I am a friend to religion and virtue, 

but • No M£TU(H>IST. 



mat the Archdeaconry of Sufiblk. He roioet without them, an4, at the Umt 
'Wat prefcntcd to thii option by Arch* time, inftrud and entertain without 
biihop Wake, 10 whom he wet libra* 
ii»n. See Memoir of Du W. in the 
HiAory of Lamb