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'6 'i 



TCT? THE 



Gentleman's Magazine 



AND 



Hiftorical Chronicle 



For the YEAR MDCCXCIII. 
Volume LXIII. 



PART THE FIRST. 







MlH 



By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gtnt. 



LONDON, Prin'ed by JOHN NICHOLS, 

at Cart's Hea ?, Red Lion Paffagt, Flcet'Strtet : 
And fold by ELIZ. NEWBERY, th-s Corner of St. P«/V 

Church Yard, Ludgali-Strttt, 1 793. 



To Mr. Urban» on completing the LXIIId 
Volume of the Gentleman's Magazine. 

■ 

THE fmiling Spring, the golden field. 
Again to icy Winter yield; 
The garden's pride, the blulhing rofe, 
Hath fall'n beneath the gelid fnows ; 
Where, dormant all the flowery tribe. 
Their filent flumbers deep imbibe : — 
Still big with hope, the new-born year 
To expectation muft appear, 
While, rich with all the fpoils of time. 
Eventful, awful, and fublime. 
Your annual labours ftill fupply. 
And crowd Rxiflexion's wandVing eye I 

Thus, Ufced to its higheft zeft. 
Where fhall our admiration reft 
Of «vcry quick revolving fccnc 
Which ne'er has ceas'd to intervene 
Since Difcord threw her flaming brand 
On Gallia's wild and madd*ning Orand; 
Where Maflacre the fceptre bears. 
And all the form of Jufticc wears ; 
Where fagc Philofophy is prefs'd 
To own what Nature ne'er confeft. 
And idolize the fordid plan 
Of equalizing bead with man ! 
Unrcalbning all ! — Where Terror reigns. 
Binding the intellect in chains ; 
While ihrinks appall'd th' immortal mind» 
To chilling dread alone confin'd ! 
Dire Hirtory ! of infernal brood. 
Thy charafters are grav'd in blood, 
So deep, the ever-flowing tear 
Will ne'er fufficc the page to clear ; 
Be all thy crimes to Juflice given. 
And the avenging hand of Heaven ! 

A calmer clue the Mufe now guides 
(Whcic Urban over I aftc prefides) 
To Britain's Ihores, which Order guards. 
And Peace and Liberty rewards ; 
Where happier«arts their influence flied, 
And Learning tears her laurel'd head, 
And in her iiain amufement brings, 
Kedunduiit hum a thoufand iprings* 
May thcl\: each year incrcafc your ftorc 
With plculurcs uncnjoy'd before I 



L »\ J 

PREFACE- 

EUROPE, fincc the period when it was overrun by the 
Goths and Vandals, %has never experienced more alarm 
and danger than at the prefent moment — Religion, Manners, 
Literature, and the Arts, are all equally menaced by a foe, 
whofe charaSeriftick is a compound ot impetuofity, igno- 
rance, and crime. 

It is the pride of Englilhmen, to have united in one firm 
and noble phalanx to preferve their country from thefe at- 
tacks ; attacks which are the more formidable, becaufe they 
are not made with open, avowed, and generous boldnefs, 
but with the moft dark and cowardly artifice. Onr native 
force and native courage would prompt us to avoid no en- 
counter in the martial field : but what would even the mag- 
nanimity of Britons avail againft the venom of poifon myfte- 
rioufly prepared, and communicated with the malignant (i- 
lence of aflaflins ? 

Yet fuch is the natural operation of thefe new-fangled doc- 
trines, this ftrange and heterogeneous philofophy, u'hich has 
deluged France with blood. Such is the fraternity, the li- 
berty, and the light, our Gallic neighbours have not only 
wiflied, but endeavoured, to fpread among us. To refill and 
counteradt thefe machinations, has been the honeft and un- 
remitting endeavour of the Gentleman's Magazine; and 
ever will be fo, as long as our Political and Religious Conlli- 
tution Ihall require our indefatigable fupport. 

After avowing ourfelves the fleady friends of our Country's 
Liberties and Laws, we addrefs ourfelves more particularly to 
our Literary Friends and Correfpondents. Wc prefume that 
the Volume we are now clofing will neither difgracc our can- 
dour nor our tafte ; that it will nianifeft our induftry in colled- 
ing, from the different branches of Science and Bclles-LeUrcs^ 
every variety of amufement for our Readers : that it will 
prove we have neither been faftidious in rejecting applications 
for our notice, nor guilty of giving too cafy and ihdifcrimi- 
nate admilfion to pieces without intercft, or writers without 
merit. In every circumftance of admiflTion or rcjedtion, we 
aft from a fenfe of public duty, and decide according to our 
belt judgement. 

Thisi however, we wifh to be invariably undcrftood, that 
jpothing will ever appear in the Gentllman's Magazine, 

which 



7' »/*^ M M 



4r>v« 



3 



rr 



PREFACE. 



which tends to fubvert the principles of our Government, 
which may wantonly wound the feelings of individuals, or 
which is in any degree ofFenfive to the purity of good morals. 
In all other refpefts, our Publication will continue to exhibit a 
field for manly and impartial criticifm, for the exercife of 
literary induftry, and for the cultivation of ingenuous and 
youthful talents. , 1 

We cannot take leave of our Readers without returning 
them our warmeft acknowledgements for*the full (hare which 
we continue to enjoy of public favour and reward. The du- 
ration of this fuccefs will doubtlefs depend, and we defire that 
\v (hoiild, upon our diligent and progreffive endeavours to 
def'erve it, S. U. Dec. 31. 



THOUGHTS ov the late PROCEEDINGS in FRANCE. 



YE (garlands, wove with Fancy's flowers^ 
Farewel! Thou Vfufeof pcnfivehouny 

will I e peace is torn from weeping yeai-s, 
Teach me to tell, in mournful fongs, 
How Men of Righrs wrought mighty wi"onpj 

And ii.v.ions fiUM with tears 1 
How chiird the patriot virtues flood 

When tlieif lo\i.l c'l.impions fpum*d their 
StaTu'd the alio M(h*d land u ith blood, [laws, 

Ami dar'd to call it Freedom'* caiife 1 

Indignant, generous paHiins rife ; 
Soft Pity lifts her dewy eye^. 

Wonder alon^' no more is found, 
Wh'.le Vice its hydr.'-hcad can rear 
In tiger-vifag'd Roberfpierre *, 

And D.^ntonf ivy-croA-n'd. 
Sa'^tcrre I ye thoufands ! guards to Death ! 

Wiue ye extend one lyrint^e reign. 
For whom Hill fpreads co'iiagious breath. 

The baneful family of Painv. 

Rifes for kings a deeper figh ? 

As men no more do mouarchs die ; 

To undillinguilh'd duft they turn ; 
Thtm, woes or joys, diftreis or pleafe, 
And p»cys to murder or difcafe, 

Their friemls, their kint'red, mourn. 
Yet hi all, which (lender fhrubs have broke, 

Unm:>v'd the forell- recs may bear ; 
Wh'ile the rude ftorm that rends the oak 

All I he troubled grove mud Ihire. 

Say, hava the Horms x^'hich rent a throne 
I'.b ibvcieigiis oNerwhelni'd alone? 

Has their wiilc ij'hee iC'; rage wirhftood? 
Our hf.ai't , II t'l'-f CDmrcTd to know, 
Throiij-li nanov\ c.nle*: Iprcid their WOC, 

Kin^t- ea-pircs mourn in blood. 



This — Hift'ry tells of former days ; 

This— now the anxious moments mourn ; 
And, oh ! the forfeits life repays 

Till Pence with her fair train return. 

O, Go<l of armies, liear our prayer I 
Incline the yi(£lor's heart to fpare ; 

Ltt confcience fcal the murderer's doom. 
As Bofworlh and Philippi boaft, 
May Richards dreams and Cxfar*s ghoft 

In h.ittle overcome. 
Hope brams through inlerpofmg hours, 

And Gallia's injur'd lord is feen 
Leading to empyreal bowers 

The Jpirit of lis ftuugbter^d queen. 

From dungeons deep, thro* murder*d Came^ 
Ma^uanimous the fnffferer camet 

ThrV favape Joy's infulting breath 
She paf?*d ferenely to the grave, 
Smil'd at the freedom t Frenchmen gavt, 

And fov*reigu fhona in death. 
Martyr at Friendfhin's holy ih'-inc, 

Fiir Lamballtf liails to Heav*« her queen* 
Cazotic § ! can its bed joys be thine 

Till ttiere thy matchless child be feen ? 

Naked of good, yon gulph fo near, 
Does Marat's Ihivrinj ihade appear > 

UncaTd, fo (lain'a,'by Cord^ fent! 
Oh 1 could her hand tliofe (lains erafe I 
It took his time, Hcav'u's gift for grace, 

Beyond the grave were fuch means lent. 
But check, my Mufe, this daring flight, 

While diilant wonders round t'lee throng; 
Shrink filent from the awful fight, 

And figliing end thy forrowing fong. 



Lammjer^ Dec, 1793. 



Eliza. 



* See Moore's Journal. . , *. 

+ The ivv, horn w. k'O'ng its funp<^rt, i* an emblem of ingratitude. See various ac- 
counts of Hanton with re-.-^id o the Hnnccfs Lamballe. • + The Guillotine. 

& Scj the affedtiKg accouiii of this venerable old man and his atlWlionaic daughter in 
Mojf« » Joun»aL T 1^% 



The Gentieman's Magazine; 



1 Ukt^'i E«ci>iu 

liWrtUllE.eo- 
//l»u&nChrcn. 



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-^.:irert"irj ■ Wlirt«!i«ven 


l:;hda»r«rd WorcelUi « 


i For JANUARY, 1793. 




■r.„ja;:v «f ■ MiiWir- - r. W.non vii»Jjciiwj 4 An or ehijI Ulicr fi.an.Sur William DLjAile i 


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' H>- !yYLf^^NUS U R B A i\, Cem 


1 PnmeJ by JOHN NICHOL!>, aiCic.m.HtsJ, K-.,i L.unl., ... . . : 1. ; .^ , 


wt«raaUUumb>itu>EJitariuedebr*lu>hcaJdrv(r«l, Fo;iT-p>.ta. i-,,-.. 



a MtturtbgUal Diari/t fir jyieemher, ijtji, and Jtnuzrj, 1793. 
MiTEOiOtoGtcAL Table for January, 1793. 
H«%hlorF<hmihcii'tTlt Ht>(hi of FkhxnhJt'i ThoaoBMar. 



il Inltritmcnt.M^kcl 



I. iiier. Street, Stri n d. 



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W»d. 


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Ttwrw 


Suite o« *eulier m OecBBiber, 1791. 


, 


SEbrilk 


>9iS> 


44 


overcad, riin, gufly diy, ng (an 


— — 


s 


Ecilm 


JO .7 


4» 


overeift, fersne, but no (un 






Spml* 


17 


4« 


obfciiri, fun apnear! ■ verr little P.M.- 


miAit 


4 


ScabD 


) 


43 clouJ», ftonnu, with lain 


[uigk. 


J 


w brifc; 


19 .IS 


49 fmxU riin eontinueil mull of Uu dlV 
4S overcaft, a llomi with tain 


S brilk 


79 




j 


NWbrib 


6S 






SW mad*nl« 


30. 


46 iwhit«douds, fair day 






S vWhot , 


*9>4S 


4S IftoiniT anO rain, continuat raio 






S bnfc ' 


JJ 


jO Et™'"!'' (Wpl^, « illi (hnwen 






JW brift. 


77 


4S ^white cloiidi, a gufty cuM il^ij 






NW moJwM., 


30 .'3 


45 Dvercaft, (how ers and iiin ill oijht 






I CtlRI 


>9 .',S 






■4 


W bnOE 


67 


41 'ottrc.in, frcquem fhnwert 




U 


W biitk 


70 


48 'ovfrcaft, fjtr 




Scalm 


30 >4 


49 fmall tain, clean up ahmit aorn 




17 


S calm 


19,90 


4* S'^^i fun breaks out, rain at ni|ht 




li 


SW hiiOt 


50 


5) clmHlir black Jay 




'9 


SW fcrilk 


Ji 


50 'fkar, a very drying colj wiikl 






w brilk 


*» 


CO ram, tiail-ftoim, a hurricaiw in the oieht 








J' 


44 white cloud!, rain ac nlgiit 






W b.ilk 




47 . rain, hurricane in the H.ghl 




»] 


N high 


5° 


36 ifroft,^ piercing clil wind 

44 !rr..n, mild snd p)«afan[, ■ li.tle f.iow 




>4 


S calm 


73 


hi th* 


:a 


NW c*1m 


40 


4! 


tbaw, heivy raiit U night £ 


Tinin( 


N ro<>>lem« 


6 


4* 


nin a great pin of the day 




:i 


Hcalm 


4- 


45 


dear (k* and (ruIV, rain at raght 




W brilk 


s» 


4S 


while cloiklj, rain at night 




*9 


ScalRi 


*o 


4'- 


fiieckled Ay, nil. at n.Eht 




1° 


VV nim 


73 


4^ |bUk clondi, (erene, rain it night 




3' 


Scdm 




44 


clejrandfroft, rainitnighl 





4, Th* horiion red and flery ai funrifs. K flnrm in Uie evening. Tta« nfoiAuic in (he air 
precipSuted on diinking-velMc, hand, nail, &c. — 6. Great quaniiiici uf fei-gullsuii \b» 
wing iH-Iind. Three dilbrent riiiibuwl in the f)iac« of an Iwur, betwixt ttv«tv« wd ana 
o'clock. A hurricane [rwn the NW. begin foon alter oat, iccnnipaQiail with nin, and ton- 
■inued about twelwe hour*. During ilie (linii], the biruhMter funk to i8i70 from i9,T9> 
yttita minuted it nine o'clock AM. — 8- A fiery horilon, nnafiully ftri|>al w'A ftrita of 
black. Thcfearoart in theevening.— II. The wind hu blown a Inirricane'lhn and feveral 
eveningi fulce the Bth, with fiime httle iniennillinn during day- light. — 17. A gnUen-linged 
iiy atfuHfMr— iB. A bunicMie witbOiowEniiitliecveDins.— ti. A\ugtanlm,Wi »''* 

ynlgailr 



THE 



Gentlemaris Magazine: 

For JANUARY, 1793. 



BEING TKE FfRST NCJMl^ER OF VOL. LXCIl. FART I. 



Mr. Urban, Jm 9. 

y^JKJKS^, HE foHowing fids, at 
w w ihey h»vc noi coine into 

2 T 5 R*'**'^*^ hiftory, defcrvc, 
M A MI conceive, to be prc- 
)9( )9( ftrved in Come pubJic 

itXRSfiCjrf *"^ peimancnt rep^'fiio- 

ry of incclh^eflce, and 
therefore afk a place in your Milcctlany. 

In the year 1701, when the times 
vrere very critical and dan^erou^i when 
the exorbitant power of Fr<»nctf threat- 
ened Europe with agencrnl CHUmity i 
when, by the death of' the duke of 
GiouceAer, the fuccudionto the £ngli/h 
throne,- in rhe Protef^«nt line, was Jcfc 
Hofeit'ed i when the French monarch 
had caufcd the Pretender to be pro- 
claimed king of Great Britain; and 
when king William was beyond the fea^; 
the ProccUant reunion and the nation 
were, in thix feif'on of danger, greatly 
inilctned 10 the zeal and cikcaioits ot a 
fidgic Protejiant DijffinUr. 

Sir Thomas Abney, the friend of 
Dr. Watts, was that year mayor of 
London* This gcnileman, though op- 
pofed by the majority of his brethieo 
00 the bench, had the courage to pro* 
pofe an addrefs from the commen- 
council to the king to iignify their re- 
folution and readinefs to Hand by his 
majcftv, in oppofuion to France and the 
Pretender. His adverlaries ihre>v rna 
By difficulties in his way; but, by his 
great pains and prudence, he (urmount- 
ed them» and carried his point uuh 
remarkable lucccfs. The addrtis 
was tr^nfmitred to king Wiliam, in 
Holland^ and, when the lefoluiion of 
the city of LoudwD was publicly knowu, 



it animated the affairs of the king, and 
gate new life to his inrereft, both at 
home and abroad. A conliderable pcr- 
fon complimented Sir Thomas Abney 
on thi!» occaiion, alTuiing him, tha' he 
had done more fervice to rhe king than 
if he had given him io,oool. and raifed 
him a million of money. The luiport* 
ance of this menfure foon appeared in * 
the extent of ill influence, and in the. 
conftquencei of which it was mod prp- 
du6live. The example of London^ 
under the conduA of their chief ma- 
giltrare, greatly fpirited the wlmle na* 
tion, and was followed with like ad- 
drelRs from mofl of rhe corporations in 
it. The king availed himfietf of the 
favourable breeze of popular a0e£lioii 
to diflolve the parliament, and to take 
the fenfeof the people at that critical 
jun£iiire of public alfaits^ cxprelTed in 
their choice of a new one, which mtt 
on the 31ft of December, 1701, in 
this. p-*iiiBment was formed the a£^p 
which had the royal affent but the day 
before the king died, for the abjuration 
of the Priienrier, and for elUb.'ifbment 
of the ProteltantfucccHion to tlic throne, 
Thu' :hc crown was fecured to tiie il« 
lurtri<>us family that now wears it*. 

The othtr fa£l 1 would mtnuon, ai 
dif'plavin): the atracli«iicnt of ?ronfiant 
Dif^nters to rhe hoiiCt; of Hanover, is, 
thai the JttJ-plott of tue rebellion, 
which, in the )ear 1715, was aimtu at 
iht: govern ti.enr, were difcovcicd by 
one of il»em, th« learned Dr. Chailcs 
Owen, of Warrington, who gave eaily 
nouce of the Icheirt:, formed ^gainU it. 
Thifc difcovery cxciicd the refenti^ent oi 
his cuciniesy who did not cuter into hit 

loyal 



* Jer. Smith's funaraf fcrmon for Sir Thomas Abney. 



vulgarly terrocJ, wheel round tl)e moon : rain generally uiccecds. — iz. A violent Aurm of 
wind, accumpanicil with rHin, begun about 3 P.M. and continued almofl tha whole ni^t. 
•i^9. Honzou red at fuofet 

Fall of raio this month, 6 inches ^i- icths. Evap^ratibn, z inches i-ioth. 
FaHof sain m the courfe of this year, 43 inclies 8-10 ... EvajHiraiion, 29 liickes i-it^\!bA 
ffMltm^ mar Uve^fool. J , Vk^^^ ^ 



^ . Loyahy vf Dipfenta s.-^V'trJlcaUon of Mr. T. Warton. [Jan. 



l^yal view?: 'vhivh aftcnvards vented 
iJelf, by their coiiim«;n'.:Dg L.:iini* h .n 
an cxpcnfiv;: proreci i.-.p, on i^s pwLolifli- 
ing a tra6V>, ii.:iilt\l, ** Phi i-DciIinus, 
or Scparrttion without Sclnfm, av>d 
Scbifm without Separation," This pm- 
fecution was ftopped by a noli frofequi "*. 
^ Though ihcfc trails relate to ?hc am • 
AuEi of two indiv«<lur4ls only, yet rhcy 
go to reflet honour on ihe ze^l «nd 
loYnltv of tr.c D'jffHid^j at la^^e-, f«'r it 
is wxU known that they »verc conf(rn«nt 
to the principles, nici ihe wiflies and^ 
breathed the fpiiitof the whole body. 
Yours, &c. Joshua Toulmin. 

Mr. Urban, Jan, 19. 

IT was with no fmall furprize that a 
pgrty oF gentlemen, many of whom 
are of the fiiR cUfs for genius and lite- 
rary talents, faw the other evening, in 
Tour laft month's Magazine (vol. LXIL 
p, 1071.), a letter figntd Bhcntcin/^i^ in 
which the pottical abilities of a late 
long-eOablilhed and much admiied ::u- 
thor, whofe Poems have always been 
acknowledged to be written with true 
clallic puiity, elegance, and fimpliciiy, 
are mn{aiidulh criticifed. i fajr »»<'««* 
didly, beMu(i it c,onol b« fair to judge ^^ ^^^ 

dtaivilj o(tbtpotl,a>lai,l$usoTmc fy;., hisUbo, 
,rt of an author, bv the Jm.ll.Jl p.rt of J> ^.^ 

his works {x\\tJmalUJi I i!i»^o »a rum^ . J_ ^^ i„ :..«ii 

ber), whilft not a lirgh- Tjllble 5 (aid 
of his various other pociry, which has 
lb long been known, and deiervcdiy ad- 
mired. 

From what the writer of the above 
letter lays, one would imagine the re- 
ipe^ed author thus criticized had never 
written any thing but the odes on his 
majcfty's birth-days, and new.years 

odes t for tkofe are the only parts of his u u ^ • u 1 ^ 

. . '' I . 1.-U everv acquamtance he had in the world 

poetry th;»t are mentioned by aboracen- * " \ .u «. a a a a.- 

*. ' , I- . i u /u I knew) the moft diftmguiihmg part was, 

fis; and which, from vthe ibort time he . ^ <• ^ . ** j k u •• - 

' *. , , ' P , ., that his convtrlation and behaviour 

had tlie honour of writing them (I .: 1 1 tr . i^^a n. 

\. , . f \ ij L wercparticularlv jvirA^a«r(irr andmodeit. 

think not quite four years), cou d be • \ .u u ' n i\i r—w.- 

' , ,!* , 1 I "^ I, u joined with the nioll perfect nmpiicity 

but few. But, d:d the cxcelleui author •' - ^ , / . j ii ' 

' or manners. It was that inodell), gen- 



fpcakin^ wbo'ly to h'«8 poetry, not to 
hiS other excellent writings, as a cri'icy 
hitlori.-in, and ant quarv. In an au* 
thor f'f ftich en'incnt abilities, one is 
cotnpeiled to think the curiou& dif- 
covcry, which the writer of the Irtter 
fcems to thnik b^ l' ^s m^de, fomewhac 
extraordinary. As to iiis critique on 
the OJes he mentions, as not being 
written to touch the btart \ were OJes 
prnfcifedly eomportd on io happv an 
occafion as his inajeny*s birth-d-^y, to 
be uiiticn in a pl.iintive, melancholy, 
i\yle? Should the -lurhor have choicu 

" A moarnftil Mufe, 
Soft Pity toinfufe,'* 

to celebrate fo jmful an occafion } It 
is too ahfurd to rncntion 

It is a convincing pi oof thit Ehora- 
cenfis knew but little of the excrlleot 
author of the Odc^, by h « i«n(iting, 
they were wrinen to dijplay jupirUr 
learning \ whereas, whoever lad fhe 
Idft acquaintance with him ntU't know, 
that one of the <birf traits in his worthy 
character was his modtji merit, which 
(hunning app'auf'e (inAead of making 
ap arrogant difplaf if his abilities) ever 
dtfclaimtd tli<4t juft praifc, which geni- 
us, talents, ;ind indufiry (for o'r ixd'JIry^ 

iffus and ingenirius H .i\o« 
poetry is a lufHcicnt 
proof), lojuHly merited No tw^n of 
his learning and genius ever uftd them 
with mor« ptoprieiy or ttr-f^. That 
vulgar celebrity, which men call fame, 
he totally defp-ltd. 

It is certainly very Angular, that the 
writer of the tetter fhould unfortunately 
fix on the mojl eonlrary tratt in the cha- ' 
ra^er of the truly refpeiUble perfon he 
cenfures; and not have known (what 



paii.ied \\'in<)uw at New College; his 
beautiful Ode on tue approach of Sum- 
mer j the Ham ct} the admuhh.e OJe, 
intitied, Suicide j with a vai iety of other 
Poems, Odes, :ind etegant Sonne's, |r>o 
many here to he enumerated, after being 



his particular friend, bit Jofliua Rey* 
nuld^, inifi^ht with great propriety be ' 
ap;il'cr! to htm atfo: ' 

« Yet were his manners fo benigaly roiW,' 
Simjilicity miglu own him for lier chiM."' 
Eooriicenfis, (owaidsthe conclufion of- 



fo long kn Avn and -dmired, need nvft \'^ '^""' ^J ^^^^ perhaps, of m.king 
DOW any exaggerated eulogium. I am ^"'^ an.ends tor calling in queftion the 

^, . ^_ ^_ h ng-acknowledged abilities of a moft 

♦ J. Owen's fttJ)er4 itnoon for, Dr« woi thy man, whofe learning and geoiu« 
ChaiW^Ow^Q. Will be (Yer ctvered by aU wcu of tru§ 

lafii^ 



•793-1 



Curltm MttufiUum rf Mrs. Vatibutchell. 



Mfi, tt leaj^th Ciys, be ** is uui/iim^ i§ 
gSiwt^vtry prKife to the cxctilcnce of 
his hurtf and Co the fttenf^ch of his 
vArfeH^andiog." Who ever doubted ei- 
ther? Andiiie noghc al fo hiive added 
to htt p^0tfi!fthAt the (ubje£lof his ceo- 
furcwit noble and elevated in his fen- 
timesrsi ihac he ivas a (lrao.;er to the 
Jinle workings of maliii Kir^mvy to ei- 
ther &vi^g oT-dtpariid Mir it; aitd that 
sit ui.ois of every kind, powerful 
from narore, and higMy cuitivdC(.d» 
criildonlv be eacecded oyihi? cueniive 
aadrcBocd benevolence of his heiri. 

Ad author of the hift abtltio (vvh'ife 
opioioo in the liter try wr^rld isdccitiv( ) 
has :^onc juUicc la hu chjir>£tc., in the 
f^lt kving words : ** lie it4d, from na- 
aiH' infii^ev oi a clear and 






ture. 



f'.e 



■f'^und ucderlt.mdiog, vviili Jilniicies very 
nrtiy furpailed or 9qM«>icd. In niltory 
and antiquity hiv knowledge was pro- 
fouod, extenlive, and dCcura;e. His poe- 
try has pcruliar eiej^nnce. 1 might ap- 
ply to himfcU h\\ own be.iutitul iiocs 
Cuhii friend Mi. Gray : 

* — For many a care ht^inrj. 
By the rweet trugic of thy foothing lay, 

For iaa:i7 a rapciir'd cboughty and viUun 
\\ :1 J, 
Totbee this (train of gratitude I pjiy." 

" Re was an iocom^tarablc critic, as 
well ts fcholar. Of il! hi$ in e Ic^iual 
IKm-eity he had the moft perfect coiU- 
naod, and no one ever udd them ^i:h 
l/fs tirnganci.' The lo.idity of his 
Judgement, hit wit, dircernment, and, 
above all, iltcexceilence of his dirpufi- 
titfo, give CO his numerous (ncnd^ un- 
fpcakabie regiet for hisUmented de^itti. 
Afid he may have been deiervtdry con- 
lidcred %% one of che chief ornaments of 
tbe uoivc'fity, and of the learned woild 
at large. Indeed, fuch wak the vigour 
of his mind, che olaflical put icy or h s 
taftf, ftod the extent and varici y of tiis 
learaing, ch-c hi« ineinory wi:| b« for 
ever revered, as a profound Iclio.ar, and 
a man ot crue genius t whilii idc Iwt-ir* 
nefio^ his temper, and iiiild viiiues, luuil 
be icnembtrtd, wiih affectionate (eoli* 
bility, by all wno kne-.v him." 

It ii, however, lo;ne confolation, 
whatever may be the opinion of Ebo* 
racenHs, chat thegracicudeor chac place ^ 
whicn he Hi much loved, which was 
fonched by his talents, and adorned by 
his virciKSy and where he fpenc chr chief 
part of hisbUmciels lite, has p:iid lo ins 
memory chat tribute of teCpe^l, which 
hit gieat and modelt woith demanded. 

* Tiie Uaiveriky of Oxfocd. 



After whxt has been (aid, by thoU 
capable of judging of the talents and 
merit or' tne relpcSable author in quef* 
tion, I. (halt only add ta the length of 
this letter a fcnrence or Dr. Johofoa'a, 
applied to Mr. Gray on another occa* 
(ton, anrl may be che worthy fubje^t of 
this Utrer aifo, chac co '* ctmfwrt hiro is 
main, and to praife him, uftlefs** 

A'H ih It, on the whdle, ic is obvious^ 
£1)1. nice niiji kntw not the man, nor bad 
reid any of his works, except the 
Birth-day and New-years 0«1es. 

Yours, Afc. Canoidus* 



Curious Mauftihum •/ M&i. Van* 

BUTCHBLt. 
Mr. I'RBAN, SoV. 14. 

MANY obf'.Tvacions of the leimedy 
'i>v being von^prifed in volumei 
of vxpenfive purchate, ffidom find their 
way Ki liie gcnerahc of readers. Some 
of thih lure a.c i'o ingenious and fink* 
ing, iliHC It were piry tbev fiiould be toft 
to liie puolick at liiec In readings 
lately,' Cue Dia ogi.v^ of Luci n, by the 
elaborate and icv.ieod i)i..T. Eranck- 
lin^ the following jiiitc, vol. 1. p. iSi^ 
cau^iiit 1:1 V atrciitioit. i afid i am per« 
fuaci'jd It itiav ait td thiit amuiement co 
m .ny ot your readt-is, tvhicb 1 amply 
fodtiJ in the '.'f uM-1--* 

** V.'e are ti>ld (• .ys the int^eniaus inithor}^ 
by Aul : Gellius bo )k X. lib- 18, that Ar- 
tcmiv.i, I'lK witti of .Mau(«i'iU:», w.iv fo rtind 
of Inn), lii.ic, a'l'jr hi'^ lica'.h, his bod, or^mg 
reiliicc'l n Mfbe-', ihc ni.iJe ihcin into a 
p.»v\J..r, :: ^.il vviih Tmcsn aiivi per' imes, 
ijitiiicd tueai i:iv/aicr, and drank them up — *• 

as III), u! II r.:i iiittaacs oi conjugal 
^nc*Wwm -s \s pcrhnp^ ^ oc met Aith 
in the itcoids of »irv]o cy. Modern 
tiinc> cm Icartely 'd ^aU 4 parallel : a 
circutiiftaMCc, however, not much ud* 
like^, \\n% happeneJ in our ojvn, andl 
n< t ioi)^; lincc, wnicii I Iha i take tnit 
oppoiruniry u: dcl:vci'in{; id puUeiity« 

*' Air. Vau>>jutchell,a niuil lUc^eniouc 
ariil^, hid the in.sfo:tunt, lome few 
\Crirs a^o, to lolc the wile of hi* bo(om« 
Unwilling, however, to part with hir 
lo loon, or to coiifi^n uer, (ike conlmoii 
cUy, to a duty grave, immedtateiy afivr 
her detedif, he contrived, with the afv 
lifl'tncc of Mr. £Wi:iiam] Huntei, 
one of the hitl anatomilt^ in :hj kiog^ 
dom, by means of a kind of pickle, fo. 
to prefer vc the body, as rogivc it nearly 
the appciran.e of life and health; put 
it into a glalk calc, and ihewed ic for a 
long time CO his fnenus an>d acquaint- 
ance j aiid wbcic ic Biyi fur aughi I 



* ♦ * 

6' An Hiftorif of Archery announced. ^-Studies at Cafn bridge. [Jan* 



know, remain to this day. An eminent 
phyfician, now living, who is as well 
known for hii claflica! raiU, and exicn* 
five learning, as for his extraordinary 
ikill in his profeflion, has recorded this 
fingular tranfa6)ion in fome excellent 
Latin lints; which, as I believe they 
were never yet printed, I (hall here fub- 
joio (forgive nic thi* liberty, my good 
friend, Dr. Baker) for the entertain- 
inent of my readers. 

[n reliqoias 

Marije Vanbutcheil, 

novo m.iaculoconfrrvata!:, 

et a mar:t(> fuo fui'»erfiitc$ 

cuitu quopdiano adoratas* 

Hic, 

exfnr; tumuli, jacet 

nxor Joanms Vansutchfll 

inttgra omniins ei incnrruptn, 

viri fill amaniinimi defulei inm 

fimul et delicix ; 

quam, gravi morho vitiaCam, 

confumptaniqiie tandem \ongi morte, 

in banc, qcuim certis nitoi em, 
in banc fpcciem et coloi em viventiF, 
, ab indccoi!i putredine vindicavit, 
invita; et repugnante. naturii, 
vir egregiiis, Guli flmui Huntixvs \ 
• artificii pnus iiitemati 
- inventor idem, et ptrfc Aor. 
1 lurtunatum maritum \ 

GUI Uaiur 

vxorem, mulidm anutam^ 

Tctiitcie una, to unis aedibus ; 

affari, taiigere, complefii, 

propter dormiie, fi lubel, 

nun fatis moOo fupei (litem 

fed 

(quod mirabiliu:'-) 

etiam fuaviorem, 

Tenitftiurem, 

habitiorem ; 

folidare magis, et ma£is fucci plenam, 

quam cum ipfa in vivis tuent I 

I fortunatum virum, et invidendum ; 
cui pecttltare hoc, et prupriuro cuntiii^'^i 

apud fe habere fceminami 

conllantem fibi, 

etj horis.omnibiiS| 

eandem* I" 

1 have always underflood, Mr. Ur- 
ban, that the hufliand of the lady thus 
happily prcfcrved it the celebrated Mr.' 
Van-Butcbelty whofeadvertifemcnts, £S 
recorded in thc/r^^rj, muft ever embalm 



That w!.ich men call t ro//, 
By any other name would fmeJl as fwaet. 

Yours, &c Romeo, 

Mr. Urban, Jan, j. 

I HAVE the pleafure toinfotm your 
correfpomlent Sagiitiifius,» that hit 
wifhcv for an cxtenfive and minute hif- 
tory < f archery arc likely to he amply 
gr;itified. 

Mr. William Latham, of Eltha'm, in 
Kent, F. 9. A. and antiquary to the 
Society of Royal Kentifb Bowmen, com- 
menccd (purfuant to the r^qtieft of that 
Society) in the year 1788, a General 
Hifiory of Archery, fom the eailicft 
period to the prefrnt time. 

His inttntion was, and I hope fiill is, 
to adorn the work with colouivd pla»ci 
of the bows, arrows. &c. beioBijiojj to 
every nation. 1 oupht to apologize to 
him for the liberty I have t^km in giv 
in;? you this information wiiht»ui his per- 
minion: bur my motive is ih*< ; haTing 
received much pleafuie and knowledge 
myfelf, from a view of part of his MS 
and elegant drawings, I hope to fttmu^ 
late him to permit the pubiick to (hare 
with me. Yours, &c. R. IC. B. ~ 



Mr. Umban, Jan. 8. 

IN your Magazine for December Ull, 
*• An addrefs &c.*' figned A Refor- 
mer, caught my tttcention {the mfertioQ 
of a few remarks on which, your wonted 
urbanity will no doubt induce you to 
admit. The gentlemciD al[^ded 10 hath^ 
I thinky criticifed rather too ifeverely on 
the Cantabrigian attachmenN at he rayt, 
to that great luminary Sir Ifaac New* 
ton. 1 4igree with him, that if it was t 
real fa6^, that the ftudies of the learn- 
cd feminary in quettion, were really 
and wholly bent on mathematical re- 
fearctiesy the mcafure ought to be juftljf 
reprobated. So far from the truth it 
the circumllanccy that I can 00 my own 
perfooal knowledge affirm, that both 
the clalhcs, and the various fubjcfts of 
morality, have a place in the purluitt of 
the young gentlemen of Cambridge. 
As a proof, L ihall mention the college 
of St. John the Erangelidi wncietheie 



cellcnt memorial above given, the name "»**••» "»J w^rrr, auo, intie is a pro- 

John occurs. This, however, i», upon P«f »*[P«** pa»d to the fagacious Locke, 

the bcft authority, but a trivial minutia% "^ IP*. Pro»o«nd Butler j at that noc 

fircc we all know luperhcial acquaintance, which fome 

. ■ . . of the Johnfonian Acadcmick have fully 

» We Ihall be obliged to any of oor cor- proved, they had both with the Eflfay on 

refpondenis for a fpinted tranflatkio of thia Human Undcrftanding, as likewife with 

curious ai^d eiagant iiifcriptinn. Eui t. the Analogy of Religion, hath evinced. 

Without 



jl^ffieidihns of Lhirory Mtn much to hi ieprei. y 

doubt, there is a proper eftcein all to their own flandard. If traces of a 

:he(c branches of fctcncc ia the ieviiing Jjjfim can any where be difco- 

leges I probably, therefore, your Tered, it is in this prevailing pa(fioa. 

iident, if 1 may launch nuc inro On the other hand, men of patient and 

! rhapfodicul Orain ufed by him, rcfoluto application to fcience are drivea 

ith equal propriety fct to mufick to the necellicy of immuring thcmfcWea 

•iri^ Aphorifms, as he hath (up- within iheir lihraritt; abd, wanting 

le fons of Granta would the courage and countenance to ftruggie 

s of Newton. Should he want againfl the torrent, diown themftlfes 

it is not unlikely, but that fo- from the world in defpatr. With re- 

e, called, ** Gnm King of the fpc^ toHiAory nnd Antiquities parttcu- 

' would not unfitly be adapted Uriy, it is impoffible that any confider* 

yurpofe. Let me not be (up- able progrefs can be m.ide,. uniefs fuch 

» ca^ the leaA reflections upon at are devowd to the fludy of either af- 

led Eacon; but, (urely, a can- fociate chcmrelvcs for mutual infoVma* 

id mav commend the j>ani* tion and inveHigation. It is true that 

srits of an individual, withc^tt many memorable advancements have 

ting I hofe of another. A Angle been made on thofe iubjefis by fomc 

ion now occurs, with which I eminent Societies in the kingdom ; but, 

elude; namely, on that uncan- if we refledH upun the want of many 

Mri which your correfpondent County HiQoriet, and the great imper- 

own on what jva/r be allowed, fe£kion of thofe already publiflied, we 

c Latinitv, ufed in tht Cam- (ball find that there is abundant necef- 

Tchools. But, Mr. Urban, if fity for the more general aflTociarion of 

Mmcr is acquainted with that literary men. I am fure, it muft be 

J, lie ought to have owned, needlefs for me to chtarge upon thii 

SB the mind of a young perfon is matter. If it were merely for the fake 

d in the abyfs of one liudy, a of counterading the lamentable effeda 

rs in another ihould be gcncr- of Card und Jocjcey Clubs,, 1 think that 

erlooked. A Cantab. every reflefting man mu(i (incercly Ue- 

-— — — (ire, and, I wi(h, would cheerfully ex« 

TiBAN, 7«//i6. crt himlcif, to obtain the formation of 

G re(idcnt in the metropolis, focitics for (cientific purluits, and )>o(t£e 

are, perhaps, a ftranger to the learning. By more general and p.ea* 

liencits of litertiymcn in the fgat inducements to incelleiilual iin- 

Arridtl the multifarious col- provement in-ty b^ cdfcdcd no incunu- 

of ptuple \viihm tht walls uf dciablc change in the manners of the 

, one o»uft naturally expc£k to age. Voun, &c. A. D. 

ny who ar;. phiIofbphic*lly in- .^.^.^.^ 

ihcfe, under ih< encouraj;cment Mr. URBAN, Jaw, 3. 

p&tronage, and under itic ad- r AM afr4id the difcovcrv m^de bj 

r»f fuperior number, have always JL your corrcfpondcni B. P. (vol. LXII, 

er nt comporing.an exclulivc lo- p. 895) of our S«vioui's prcdi^^ion Icing 

Sut in the country few in(linc:s partly accompl>(hcd in lUe Frtnch Re- 

' focieties formed for co-opera- volution, will noi be received am<:ing 

ci9ntitic or literary purfuits. I thofe numerous verifications of the holy 

inced that there aie not want- prophecies, which have been obferved 

soy part of the kingdom, men and rccorJed bv the pious ingenuity of 

ugh dil'poled for the -purfuit of theological writers. Fiiere has not a 

u The gemral temper of the fiug'eccnturv elaplcrl, fincc thcChriiliaQ 

D foetal lite IS corrupt, I muft aera, to whicn tiic words in Sc. Manhew 

edge. The grand misfortune might not be applied with eqnal pro- 

BKn of geniui, and of an a6live priety. Revolut:'t.-.s in empires, and 

»o of fbind (who will neccf- wars. among nations, arc eatily awcotfnted 

voce thcmlelvts to iome fociety {or by the inviriablc conflid of human 

loyment), too much influenced interclh and human paifiont; and cve« 

unfaihionable air of moie en- if the Ictnc now acting in France (whicli 

elourccf, are at prelent excef- is by no means new or uncommon on 

Ittd univerfally, addided to the ^raad thciitre of the world) (hould Im 

Cards, for inftance, arc per- followed by any of the gicat plwnouiena 

o melt every defcnptiun into cf nature, by hcry ibapc in the heavens, 

lid} and thus the thoughtlefs, and burning ere (lets, 1 ihouM be 'teiupred 

diffipatcd. ctie^tually reduce U> fay \^itb Hgifpur : 



company of tlic vjIdi us kni^ 
IVIanch i, witiiout iirtvini; arv 
fjppnrCf fioiM i..s c iiivc 'aii«'rt 
iva« di ail JctHngtd tii hiS facu 
Yours, ^c. 



t Aforat and Pollihal RefleHiofis — jfftronomtcal Phanomenon, 

'* Why fo it would have Keen 

At the fame feafon, if yo\ir mother's cat 

Hid but kittened/' 
B\it, to (hew ihvt 1 am not pcrf^clly in- 
crcdulou5, give ntC leave to add two 
prophetic f«miment$, whicli are vi ry <ic- 
iciiptive of our coniincntat ncighivoms, 
the one delivcrtd near two ili(>u:.»4»d 
jears ago hy a Rom»n poet, and \\vc 
other'at the diftance of only a ftvv >cais 
by an Englifli poiitciao. After cxpiain- 
iDg the natural conftqaenctj> v f arouition, 
tnd telling us ihac the variouj changes 
in poliiicai affairs will be o'niy different 
flDAdificatioDS of the tame etFc6^^, 
«< Nee masis id nunc efl, oec erit mox qaam 

, fuitance/' 
XiUcrctiu*. ^J'.s on in thi'- fuhlimc dram: 
^ Ergo Regihu^ occifi^ fuhveiT;i jacehat 
PrdlinamajeAaftfulioru > , ct jce^- r.. fiiperba; 
£t capitis Sumnai piaBclarum li.fignectuentum 
Suh pedibus Vo.gi ni.igitum lugehac uonorcm. 
JKam cnpideconculcdtui mniis antemetutum. 

Res it^que ad iuninoam faccern tuih.iiciue 
redibat, [peteh^t. 

Jmperinm fibi cum ac fummatum quifque 
Inde M.igiftratum partim d.H:uere crearc, 
Jnrjque conftitudre ut vtUcutlegibus uti: 
Nam genushumanum defelfum vicolere :cvum 
Ex iB'.miatiis languehat ; quo magis ipfum 
Spente, fud cecid.t fuh leges arftaqmr jura." 

The fifih line of this quotation refolves 
the caufe of thofie atrocit.es which feem 
fo ioconfiftent with the French charac- 
ter of gentlencfs and philanthrophy, 
into the general prmciples of human 
naturCy and may perhaps fcrvcto ab^tc 
the wonder and indignation of another 
of your correlpondents*. The fecond 
pallage which I allude ro, may be found 
in a pamphlet of Mr. Burke, inriiuled, 
Obfervations on a late Stace of the Na- 
tion. Aftei going through the nume- 
rous fpecifrs of opprellivc extortion prac- 
tifed by the late government in France, 
he concludes the fubjcft, by frying, 
••No man, I. believe, who has confi- 
dcred their affairi with any aticr turn or 
information, but muft there look for 
feme extraordinary ^onvullion in the 
fyftemj the effeft cf which, in France, 
and even in all £urope, it is diHicuit to 
conjecture/' It is to be lamented, that 
the former good fcnfe and political fa- 
gVcity of this writei ihould Hill remain 
Oi record, only to exhibit fo (Ircng a 
Gontraft Co his prefcnc enthufiafm for 
the times of feudal defpotifm and bar- 
)>arity. 

We canttot hefp thinking of the man 
who rode a confiderablc time in the 



* Sea the letter oC J. B. voL LXII. p. 675. 



Mr. 7^Rr.AN. J 

PERU APS /ome of youi 
coiic:p(-'i-ucni^ in attron 
dcrount lor tht t'>il( winf, ex'ra 
apptariiucc on ihe Sun, ou t 
Saturday 19, Jan. 179^. li 
been very clear and (coiiy, t 

12 (/clwCkj a fog iifofL, I-.* w 

(un, bS is ufua!, app(:';ied lit 
Vobe, The idtemum o" man 
Jiiytelf among the number, wa'^ 
by obltrving an oblong opal- 
nearly on bis cthrcr. It wftj < 
as 10 be ieen wtriiout any atiifu 
relctropc, and e'en when rhc 
perlcd, and the Sun became vt 
nops, thp fpot wa> iti. \ti) 
although the power of light 
great upon the evt-, which wi 
and weaken the tight As fu 
dinary a phsenoinenon mudcrc 
wonder and furpnie to thofc 
not involved in the profound r 
of philofophy, an expianatiu: 
aboxe caufe would give great 
tion. 

Thofe whofe minds are aff 
fupei;(\ition may l>e Icjd to be! 
fign of fomc tremendous event. 

Mr. Urbam, Ji 

WHATEVER rebates to 
or any pied.Ction that is, 
to be ;«ccompiith'.ng, is g'-ueral 
ful to the ear,ni>d is the favoui 
of many. Tue ReveUtioiis 
have thus gained the aticut.or 
eminent in then d^y lor lea 
Among the many who nialt tl 
(tudv, was a Mr. R jocri FUn 
of Mr. ilobcit Fitmir'^, who 
the fuihll'i:); of the Scriptures) 
liio>-d r diicourfe, iu the year i' 
the rife and fall of Papacy ;" 
IS rh-: f'.'lJo.vii.^^ remarkable Ici. 
'♦ I cannc»t I ." ho|^, tiiat f >me 
tlH'TiHoii of ihc chief Suppc'U/s O 
will lSk*!! Lpp^Kin , and i^eihpps 
AI.Ku'.iiy i:).iy hx!\^' \ <0 be CC 

humoli.*: ah<AU J.v.\i time : tiiat w 
prcffnt fiiii.ch King takfS /-.e. 
£'Kbi'rrt, utk.1 iliis for his motto — ' 
ir./.:r, he n.ay a^ Ici^R'h, or iatb< 
C;:iois, at Icilt bcff/ic the year 
forced to acKnowlcdgr, that (in 
n3igi.b«^uring Potentates) lie is ev< 






-t- 






♦» . 



¥. 






• v' t. 






J. 



„^11. • T^ AT. JV4 ^ '''^"'- -"^ •^""■ms ^ 



1 793-] Biographical Uijioyy of Mr. Thomas Wright. ^ 

A Ski'tch *:*' the Charailer 9f Mr, Tho- employment in i!»c rtiinrr.'T months in 

MAS \Vwif;JiT, lb!e 9t Rytr^s-Grttn London v.ms niaking marlicmai-.i.^I in- 

I.'J^\ m fiyt' Ciu'i'y Of Durfftm. fttu:Ticnrs imd't Mr. IK'iih and Mr. 

N'O one h.ti inj ».itlT.'n« ^'T'-mpjcd to Syilon: and, in tlic Ltfcr end of the 

ftvc fytt'jx I'Ulivion tic mcmuiv of ve^r, Mr. VVr cht to -k up h:; leildcncc 

?.T;. Thoir <4 Wi-ifhr, h'c o* ll-.er's- at Sundcil^nd, Again ore- ed » rchool 

G ten icMJj^c. m the couniy f>f iJiihim, there, and t,iu;'ht iiivi^uion v.kp. d;.t*M 

deccdfcd, wc * ikv i.p rl.e pen, nid offer riitci fs. 

t« flic puh'ick !'>n«<: 4»rh».!:tii arjtCiUi'is In Ik- fprip { of the year I'^i, 'je»ng 

or th-.slinmiiMr ch"t iifiiL., coilt '.t»d fnun rli^n wnn ;•» , fitlier, he projnMcJ apt- 

hs own n »'t:-b;.«".ks u..! m^n ifci -i>ts. ru i.il k [u I;,ni^t»on(/f Koclid':. Kle rncnts 

Tr.u 'jjoitrsit pr^fi <cd lo (!ii> n,ir.i' ve ir. one j^r^e fii»<i, am' t*:ic <io^rinc of 

wnt Lu^rjvtd m his inid'I e Wami tif life pi .in jf-d fpii-'ui! r i^Mp. »frefrv. a'l at 

at l»i^ '»«n tKP'ncr, but \%e d»* i,.«t hud or.c view- vvt'»»» n rhv.r cil j iinnil 

ir prrhKcd lonnv *A Ww wruk'.. fiom rli- L*;: »rd to t'c ill .ij.l ni L5ifn.i- 

!VIr. Wnt»h? »v:is Kirn a« ilvri'' -Gift n, d-ir-s, .^i"< mi -.'Ic .«« 3 !:ii in •{.!•:, in iniita* 

on the ij** "' Scpft:m'»« r, i7ii: liiv t,»« n«>o »)t r»»it of Dx'oid, for the \e.ir 

f^T, a !»••;"»♦ n'cr, Ivn^ on .1 (^v.i\\ i"]2, t ncul.itcd f.^r the iiieridian of 

eft^'C * f h s ».".vp, Hs tir'-tlt edura- l>ii:lMm. 

tion V. „$ unt*er one I !".o«nas Mundiv, Our i»'f cniiius ma'heniirici in now en- 

oJ B ihop-A'Jtk'iind, »n 'he (.o.ini\ lA iti*d i:- .i.» »ifiimi ns \\huli J^ .rir and in- 

Du:li';in« whcrn he iiia Ir (ii ii«: iMOK.rcf^ fc»-jii<-,N m.i'Ii.hs t-rrrn • xp. i:tiu:e; fiuit- 

jn the iiiathciii'i(ick..s ; L-iin» nl,* yi ri 10 f.il r •'»• «;-i")!nr'i«' k: a:u* Vi \ trion, he 

•juit h'4 ilody of IMC liinvfM^ ♦.»«:•", •••• ,»c- n *vt iw \ i.- :j..'. -:^ i:. !;..^.t'., )f puh!ifl)- 

count i.f a |/'eat i:iinediincf)t of Iprtr't:, iu'/ hi*" iilir. ;•! uli ...th jui'.-; hut the 

ht \v^> en'ert-rl ji» apprentice to a cl'icV.- C'':"^* iv of tj{r.;i • fs I lit.jl,ri.sl i<i> dt- 

r-kk«r til 171 J. :n'i at kllure-h':-..i'. ^p- li:';.j prt)rj'..'ts, hytilii.** hiiii it was 

p''Ld hi:::ltlf c'olc y to t;.» IIj.Iv .,f li.ir. too Uiu- lor iiiifirg ir, though 

ikftrun'^/niy- On nC vint (*[ -oiv.i. .l./ic ..- t.jv in iht n .»..*li ci (»".t<jhti; they 

ti«'Di in hi» ni.iiU.'*^ Ii'-uh-, iu Swi/l.u- c.iifrivtii ii» I-.-'-i jii.» -r* !<•.•§ h«pcs of 

bci. 1719, hf rail rtU.<y from ins lliv:- bn-«l, ,'u.d ". liu' f"i pii ''C * ».tlic, i'livc, 

tiitic, aijd foon fifieroi>tsiiiK-iI ••. <iuiiii'j»c h»' <nt« ii,«j»iii'» b 'p -'r.-l-'j ..:; .incithcr 

fptn hi* indentuitsj anu ?h-. i« nt d.»'.'n a!i;>n.T k t-.* i .t vc::r !. ;..vi'j^, and 

witii ri'\':ilar induM;y to It-.idy n.vj^a- p.-'i H".'i ir.:: ;». >!.'.-i'ly f i.rv, r.ti ..v^ i'd 

t:'>n, Artr«-nof:u*, |^';o!!i(:ry, uid rht •'>- Ii ril.'.'.j: ., «• 1.. c >i.,u ,\'.c!.i»; ckd 

f^r-jfc branches of ihe ina:ijcM:-i':.;:s. rM'jI'rsil.i-iS l-i, il^ 111 . wmu' -•■"n. Tb--^ 

Or. having a promifL of a flr:p !r- in his fi iittrcd, aii-l !.i tr*',ii.. n .u . >> ^v-ur-, 

f.ither, if he w.uld hccoiuL a Icaiuaii, wi»o t-i-prs p-clsr:*., >.!•. A . .;; : I.:: 

in i73ohtm<i'dc a ;riai-vov<i^i- from >ht F. 'nd»m, ^i».i ntiNi.cn i.> S'.m:Jc I.;.'.d to 

jirfc uf bii'utc-ihind to Aiiiltcic'ant in te.f( h 11 ivc^.<:i«.>!i. 

i!': (liip Fciiv^ivk ;tnd J«»hn, Tii'^nvjs Jn the l;ji 11;;^ o* t!: .. v.»ir 17 :?. !,c »It- 

i*»T*, maiitr; bi.r, experiencing^ ilie d:I> lii;ned nn .iiiii-.n,'.c.X I : tli .w;i.>..:ng 

:'.'•-•»:;;. of a tedious vciyii;c, and the p.'*- y<-tr, and, in :lu c lid • 1 fix -♦.cr.s, 

i:.« ►f ri iti-rm, -n his return to K-g- pruc'cc^d 930 Iul;*.. ;' • .. V • i< -flip's 

i. :•. i hw J. Vw ;.,) .-ill thought* of tiic lea, liJC^it! . he l-.i(li'«i ..»- • • '•> \. •;..••!•, •"•.. 

rnd t ;tiitJ .. {* iiO( I Jwi t&'aching the iu-.-. nf 1 lo.icir e jj '•. ••.-,•, rh;' his 

fi. xi III iii.ii •*.#•.. ^t S ii.di.MHi»-.I. foiiu'if. • <is n. .<•'':. I :r.!;i tli If \i!i.»- 

i n ^ fciticii, wh'i h it-.m.J '*r e-ife, he 1 ary i.opes h:!» lt:.f , \v.,:c I!/:.', and 

her . Uic cp .Til- i:rctl «.•" AJ:ls Kl"trCi<'.r'(l, with an cxiJimg lija-t hi. i-'cft.i.^t i i.i$ 

:r.r dr;Lrri:i.r of atltrL'^m n: l)u:, nr-t \^i.ik t'. :l.e C..»iiii».iiv oi .^' uj..iifr-, at 

bc-'.nfc .'ppro/ed i>v h. ; :.i:l.ei, he m.ide a i',entr-il iiottin^',. »iur .i'-, ifiiuid 

fr ..:.t!b .it:«.m|.t- to <jijt-t:'j a ci.iiulcl'iiic t-f le^ieivin^ ion wj.!i •'■••!.. if .*; ,v.i- 

mJi:iagL, a.iuI) Io ui.ii.ui^cd liiiu, tli a b.it'«>ii, tc''irtii:ci hi^ 'utiiri •• n. n wiih d 

in the cio" I". dtic-'fioiKd to quit ii:e jc.ilousc\t; and, pret: iidiin^ th^y WLit 

C'lUiiCiv. i.iiijii' t.» L »ndr»n hv fea, iic unwilliiij' to inieilcie v.i:h t!:- Oxivii.1 

iftrre tngij^ed wiifi the niatur of the almrinack, ablcluicly rcf.:;.d ii> p. .nt 

Fame g.«hey t«> carry ii m toBiihid"N; for him. Ovcrwht lined in dilappoint- 

b'jc, after every ii'^ctii .ry pitp&ra"*>n mcnt and d Itie!-, f'l his cnih was i.c;ii. 

fo the vovigc, w.ii jndi,ctci to quit that ly txliaufttd bcf-ie his Jtruvncc was 

purf'jit, at the earntit !u!icitation of his palled, he n turned home again on fo>>t, 

lather, and returned to the North. Iliii t.vo hundred and lixcy miies, with only 

G£N'T. Mag. 7^'<'*'7» i7vl* three 



10 



Biographical Account of Mr. Thomai Wright. 



[Jan. 



three or four fliiliings in his ponfefTion. 
lo his paflfage he ntadc himCelf known 
to fcverai men of icicnce, an<I received 
great civilities on the load; vifuing Mr. 
JreUnd, »t Percrhuufc, C.**.!!! bridge, aod 
one Mr. To'vnftnd, ne;ir P;.tcrborcugh, 
his pocket was fupplied: lie aifo met 
with Mrs. Mary Harj^ravc, hi^ mother's 
fifler, at North-cave, wUert fii? kept a 
boardin'.t-'Choul *, am! \vh«» h^d not 
been hcaid of by her rtlaii mis for ftvt- 
ral \^ear»; Hie received him with great 
cordiality. 

Soon after Mr. VVru(!it rctiirncrl to 
h:^ father's, u<? dcrermincd to change 
the ritie of his almanack, ;iiu1 luve it 
piintcd in Scoti:ind; ibmit^Ii unknown 
to any one at £ci:nb'ji''h, he tiavellcil 
til it her i/H fiH.t, having obt<<mcd a rc- 
commend.Mion to Mr. A>an Ramfay. 
One Richard Cooper contru£^cd with 
him to engrave and print his work, for 
15 guineas, and, on the 51!) cf O^lober, ■ 
ir was begun, and lumped paper was 
procured from LoDdrn. In order t.i 
expedite the work, and j-ttend to its cor- 
ititncCs, he lodged Witn the engraver, 
and rpcnt fsveral weeks at his catc. 
Mr. Ra:nf.iv, who was '.lun manager of 
rhc playhoufc, made ourrravelier koown 
to (everal eminent men f . 

In November, Mr. \Vright publilbed 
a corre£^ calcu'atioii and type of the 
total eclipfc of the Moon for November 
»o, 1732, which ivas received ^ith 
much applaufe. The cngiaver being 
dilatory, vei y few of the almanacks were 
pubiilhed in January, fo that fcveral 
fubfcnbers rtfufcd to pay their fub- 
fcription-money, which occafioned Mr. 
Wright to vifit Sunderland; but not 
being i;b'c, with hisutnioH endeavours, 
to raifc a fufHcicnt fum 10 fatisfy the en- 
graver's demand, he fubmitted to a pro- 
pofa), that hv ihould defign an alma- 
nick for the (ollowing >ear, and veft 
the whole piopcrry in him; on which 
ctjndition the engraver undertook 10 dif- 
chaigc Mr. Wright of ih'j dtbt| he 
was obliged to comply; nnd, with his 
genius oiily for his confulaiion, he 
tiudged ho:ne on foot. 

TIvw K^v, Ml. Ncwcnme, of Sunder- 
land, wi'.o had betn Mi. Wiighi's bit- 
ter advtrfary in foimer ycais, now be- 
: .mt hi& very warm p'ttion aud fncnd^ 
! : i;-ror.-..: j he lud ufcdeifoiis to p( event 

* r:> ...;•; l. ok fays, Ihs wsj a grc.it 
»'c''r>l.--. • 

t 1 '-■: (j-.mt Elphiu^^.i IhcweU him 

- . ^klw -. til «..J< ki^. 



this ingenious man's iciching the ma« 
thematicks; but, h.iving difcr^vcrcrd the 
invidious arts that ucre ufcd tng-ve faifc 
imprclfions, aii:i now Incoming fa!!y ac- 
quainted iviili l|is fX'eniivc <;cnius and 
good difpoficion of hedit, he invirerl 
him to live with him as his familiar 
Con»p;iiiinn. Durir.p; Mr, W. ight's May 
in this cirr .'.viiii'i's h'lfpit^hle iiianHon, 
he conrp'cted his l^aunautUov, the Ma- 
linci's Ui^iv-rfal Ma^^nziue; and, in 
April, he pMblifhcti a Gco'sral Calcula- 
tion of thi- K-lip'c of the Sun, whiih 
was to hiippen in M >y, and propof'cd a 
public ie^hire u;/on i!ie fubje6t ar Dur* 
ham. Di!'^r.^ ths happy retirement he 
alio invcn ir! a cdinpofi ion of dials, 
and ertOi.tl his model on the pici, or 
mole, at the inciih of buii^iciland har« 
boor, by on<'cr of the commiinoners or 
confersMtors of the rivtr Wear, ap- 
pointed by aft of pailiimcnt, from 
whom he reccu-cd a gratuity of twtniy 
guineas; a defcription of this work was 
printed and publiHicd at the expence of 
the town. 

Mr. Wright's better flars were now 
riling upc^n him; and, fiomthis period, 
his merits began to come forward in 
public reputation, Mr. Ncwcombe in« 
troduced him to the earl of Scarborough, 
at Lumlcy-caflle, who invited him to 
LondoD, and promifcd his countenance 
and patronage. Mr. Wright, in a (huic 
time after this vifir, took leave oi the 
North, to try a nc^v profpcd, and, iu 
his way, he received fiom Mr. Rakes, 
of Norhailtrton, a recommendatory 
letter to Roger Gale, efq. commillioncr 
of txcife, and then treafurer of tha 
Royal Society, %vho became his tvarm 
friend, and introduced him to the So. 
ciety, when he ccmmuoicated the Pari' 
Mauticofif svhich was ordered to be 
booked in their Tranfaft tons; and he re- 
ceived their public tiiankb. The earl 
of Scarborough took the earliell orp.r- 
tunity of itcommcu'mi; Mr. Wiikht 10 
the Adnnnlty, wIm> gave approbation 
for his puhliftiiiig the Vfi»r.iiuticnH by 
fubfcription , and he p'ocirt d pcnniifiun 
for the woi k to be cJcditatt d to the king. 
At the e.i:-|'s inCiance the prince of 
Wales bccanne a fub.'ciiber; and the 
earl of Pcmbri kc was added tu the 
number of his fritnds. 

Mr. Wright w.is ci»v»n'cd, in thf 
ipsinvr 01 i.ic year t?^.^, in 'j:rcj>aring 
his pui):ica:ioTi fur the prcfsj but, 
through w^ni of m .Micy, was obliged to 
engrave all the m:i:nc.n)aiical pai:shini« 
Isifj he liAViug cn^j^cd Icvcial work- 
men 



'7930 Bligraphical Account •/ Mr. Thomas Wright, XI. 

men on the other p-irts. The work, Fcbrua-y, 1737, in two long {heets» 

when tinifhedp was receivcd^wirh much dedicated to the Prefident and Council 

tppiiufe, and jr^ined him the attention of the Roval Society, which was pre« 

of ferrral perfonafres of the firft rank, ftnted by Dr. Defaguliers. 
Lord Caitimorc introduced him to the In 173ft, ^^r. Wright contra^cd with 

prince, who made him a confiderabic Mr. S<^i»cx for writing a Trcatifcon the 

pcfcDt. His noble fbbfcribcrs paid him Ufcr of the Globes, and fold his Theo- 

fenerotiilv; and the produce of this" ricp! Joornal, to four proprietors, for 

fuMieation afforded much confolation i<; guineas. Mr. Senex recommended 

jnr former difappoiniments. In the him to the duke of Kent, and he went 

fjccecding fummer he vifiicH his friends thi*. fummcr to Wrefl, in Bed ford (hi. -e, 

jr. the North*; and, in ihr clofcof the to teach the mathemaricks to the Udits 

^«r, he held a courfc of aftronomy rit of the family. Rctsirning to London 

Br^ft's coffce-houfe, in Chiles ftrctt, in !he autumn, he was arrcfted by Mr. 

London; and crvmmnnicati'd mijrv Cooper, the Edinburgh engraver, and 

ihinajs to the Royal Sf>cicty. "The eirl lu*)miricd to piy the pretended debt, 

ff Pembroke continued to flicw Mr. wiih cofts. In the winder he completed 

Wr'ght gre.»i cou'itcn^ncc; pcrmitred his Invent'on of the Theory of Exift- 

him to have the ufc of his lihmry, and encc, in a Sc£^t!on of the Creation, 16 

made him fcveral valuable prefents. it^t in Icnjrh ; rnd was at a great cx- 

In 173^, Mr. Wright invented his pence in copper-plates and printing f. 
Htmzfphtrinm^ and m^ide two different In lyn* hi* U ifurc-hours were em« 

defigns of it, one for the cicling of a p^oytd in- dn wing many Demooflratury 

room, the other for a erandamphithcj- Schemes in AHronomy, and in projec 

I'C, Of this invention he made a model ting certain PhjfiCil and M<ichematical 

in biafs for lord Pe;nbiokc. He pub- Elements; for pnblilhinf; which, by 

lifted ihc Calculations of two Total fubfcnpiion, he fct out propofals. in 

Eciipfes of the Moon, for 1736, en- the (ummer he went down with the earl 

};raved on copper, and dedicated to the of Pembroke to his feat at Wilton, 

duke of Cumberland, to wlrum be was where he conflru£ted for his lordfliip, 

introduced by lord Pembroke. In the in brafs, a Syflem of the Planetary Bo« 

. \vin^e^ of this year, Mr. Wiiijht, on <lies, in due proportions, equal to a 

the I (.commendation of Mis. H-.ilr, was radium of 190 feet; alfo invented his 

intrtidiicrd to the htinoiiiabje Mfs. Cylindrical Dial, and prefented it to the 

Ti»\vnleiid, and tiui'.^r her j^cnnierrv. earl; pubhihcd the defign, in. copper* 

He drew up, f«)r Mr. S'-n'X, F. R. S. plate J, &t the command of the duke of 

i Calculation and Oer.nutiicil C'inftruc- Riclimond and lord Pembroke, dedi- 

lion r»f the j»reat Eclip'e ot ihc Sun, for ca'ed to Dr. D».fl^»t^licr«.; fpcnt ("o;ne 

* Ptfticulariy Loid Scarbomugh, the Kev. Mr. Newcombe, Mr. Rakes^ and ttte Rev* 
Mr. Dealt ry, near York. 

+ Several plates h ive been rcfciied from the cnpper-fmith hy falling into the hands of 
Geor;;e Allan, cfq. of Darlington, who pmclialed his culicdlioii of prints, maihemallcal 
ixi/^ninients, and oilier valnable .utiilcs. 

X The conftrudtinn of this Aftntn »n»icid Cylinder, or Sun «li.il (which is cnp^vc'l at the 
bcAiom of cur;/.j/r I J, hcihu- explained: ** 1. The pcrpi tidicular lines repi-cfcnt every 
five degrees of the fun's longiriule in the ecliptic ; fix of whii ii making one (ign ib diftrn- 
guifbed hy a brgeblark ooc, and each ;ne marked with tl^cir proper charaClrrs. 2. Tht 
circle.^ parallel to the h.if.j are ihc almicinther.-. or every ucgrec of the fun's akiluile ah*)vo 
tlie lioMZon, and are niim^tere'l from it :icc<»rdiu$ly on iheaiiiumn cnln/C; alfo, if c:>.i-.ited 
from the equinox, as is fliewu on liic opp.-fite or vernal co'.'.ne, nill anfwer l»is decl .nation. 
). The ell I iHic.d diagonal bi.u:k lines are t!>e hours of the day, and are ni;i.''UCil on the l':im- 
mer foUlice, thofe of the moriiing afcending, and thofe of the evening dcic£nding« 
LafUy. The contr.iry broken lines aie the fun's azimu lis from die Snuih, and they arc 
mimhercd on the winter folliice. 

" The U s t . Set the brafs index at the top to the diy *^ the month, then p!.ice the cylia- 
der peq)endiciibr; afterwards turn it about to the fun, till you find ihc piTjjeiting index* or 
gnorom to hnvc no fliailow, except ihu of its own ihicknefs, and t-jcre will be fhewn to 
you all at once itie thiui^s required: viz. 1- The Ihadow wtU cut the horizon, and give you 
the iiaie of fcn-nfuig and felting. 2. It will (hew you his place in the zodiac 3. The 
ihadow-point will (hew you the fun*s altitude. 4. Amongil the hour-lines, give you the 
time of the day. LaiUy. If you turn tlw index to ihetippofiie degree (or ll«earth's place) 
' Ml the c>linder, you will fini«, in the f^une manner, tht fuu*:» ano^tudoi bis azimu.h, and. 
If luught, bis UecUuaiiuQ, all at the Cime tiinis." 

days 



It Shiraphical Account ef Mr^ Thomas Wright. [Jan. 

da^ with Mr. Duck, nt the Quceii*«- planned a A^iew of the Vilibre Creation; 
houfe, It Kew. Ac the Mppraach of and compofed his Rtprefcntation of ihe 
winter he was fent for to Bath, at the in* Univerfe \, In the fummcr af this year 
fiancff of the duchefs of Kent, where he viAted the North, and then pr*>vei 
he was introduced to many perfons of the orthodox faying, <* A prophet has 
diftin£linDi and^ in the ipring of the no honour in his c^wn coumry;" for, 
fucceeding year, returned to London in he publilhed propofaU for a Courfe of 
the fuite of lady Portland. Le£lures of Natural Phiiofophy at 

In 1738, Mr. Wiight compofcd his Durham; which exhibition hvld him 
AdroDomicai Secrets, and invented a iivr weeks, hut was very thii^iy urtend- 
Difplay of the Univcrfal Vicitfitude of ed §. In 1^42, Mr. Wright puhlifhed 
Sea fons, in folio. his Agronomical Elements. After jour* 

In the fumnicr he paid a vifir to the neyini« from place t(> pUce in the lum- 
honourable Mr. Cowper, at Oxford ^ mer ||, he returned to London in No- 
went into Bed ford (hire, and there, bting vember*. whrre an application was made 
met by the duke of Kent's iervants, to him from the Czarina, by the prince 
made a viiit to Wrcft; thence he tra* Patiikin, to become chief profcflor of 
veiled to the e^rl of BriAors, in Suf- navigation in the Imperial academy at 
foiki to wait upon the honourable Mifs 8t. Petcrfburg, with a falary of 300I. a 
Hervey, and again returned to WreA* year, and nnny other conringent ad* 
In the winter he was introduced to lord vantages. Our mathematician thought 
Cornwallis, to teach his daughters gep- this too fmall a recompcnce for leaving 
metry. hu native country, and deferring a round 

Mr. Wright having obtained an in- of amufemcnts, together with the en* 
trodu£tion to many great families, where jovment of that Briti(h hofp^tality, to 
a very honourable attention was paid wh'ch he was now eagerly invited; To 
him for bis fcientific knowledge, we acceptable had Mr. Wrij:ht rendered 
find feveral of his fucceeding years himieif to people of fafhion, and fo 
Blled with a roution of vifuing and much was fcience at that period though^ 
journeys to the houfes of illuilrious per- an objc6t of attention with thofc of 
fonaget J yet even there we fee him pur- high rank, of both Texts. He de« 
fuing hit ftudies with unremitting ar- manded a tixed falary of 5001. a year, 
dour, md teaching the fciences to per* and his propofaU were reported to tKe 
foDS of the hill (filiiafliun*. To attend fovcreign, but were not acceded to; (6 
to a]l his journeymgs would be tedii:u5 that Mr. Wright was aicain left to a 
and unproQtable to the reader. The courfe of life h!ghly plcafing to hiuifclf. 
mofl remarkable are ihortly mentioned CT* bt continued,) 

in the note* +. — 

In 1739, Mr. Wright fulfilled his Tbougf'fs on VozifiYy ejptfialiymodirn^ 

ivtf b Criiictjmi on fiveral P o k T s . 
Mr. UuBAN, Dtc, 17. 

In 1740, cwmplcttd his MaihcnutKal ^ 1 ^HE naufeous mechanifm otilic great 
Schemes and Pi.ajnom:'na s invented A Unly of modern r«'tTRY; the 
ai> AAtonomicil F^n for the LiditSj falfc principles of excellence that are fet 

♦ Gave private Icflures to the e^rl of Scarborough^ »739. — l'n)jc:h a large horizontal 
dial for lord vif count Middleton ; wait w ch his lorUihip to his feat in Suuey ; lady Mid* 
dleton, lady Ch.«rlotte and lady Maiy C.?pc], ftudy the ulc of the globes. ■ 

f Vifiisfn Thomas Sjmwell, b.irt. at Upton, near Nortiiamptonj hunts with the earl of 
Halifax; fpeni three rountlis at Wrcft, to teach the ladies .;; fur/ey ; the duchef* furve>-ed3U 
the pleafuie-^ruiindSj and made a plan of them, whii.n was engiaved. in 17401 witti 
kj»d MiddletiHi aiSepperham. When in London, he was honoured with the vifitsof the 
d' ike of Fonlaiul, the carl Stiafft)nt, loid Gljtnorchy, and leveial other grc.a perfonpgeSf 
dined almcft every diiy with the duke and duchefs of Kent{ taught the honourable Mifi 
Cornwall is, M\U Heivey, Mifs Talbot, and Udy Sitpni.t Grey, afterwards lady of Dr. 
EgertoUy bilhop of Duiham. } Mr. Allan ii.t^ ihefe plates. 

§ We find the names of Thomas- Allan, Ralph Gowland, Bazil Forcer, — — Tempeft, 
and ■ Blake, efquti^es. Z741, he gave private Icclures to tlte dut-hefs of Kent, lady 
Sophia Grey, the marchionefs Grey, lady A'laiy G:ey, Mifs Talbot, liunourable Mifs 
Comwallis, and Mifs Hervey. Vtiited lord MidiUeton, Dr. Carters the duwheft of Kent 
at Old Windfor, the carl of tflfex at C.!rtlo^llr)',. &c 

II CaflioSnry ; Brook-Green, the feat of lord Limerick ; Culforc', Uie feat of lord Com- 
waUu; Jeckworth^ the feat of the eail of Briituli Old-Wiudlor and I cpperbaai, ho. 

up I 



engagement with Mr. Scnex, and finifh- 
ed his Tftatifc on the Ufe of the Globes. 



mi'} 



7%eughts en Ptrtij, end Cnt'uifmt tn Poets. 



^ 



opt tbc mimite, sod fooJilk criticifrnt, 
due ftare oic ia th« face in almoft every 
book of the paefent day that* treats on 
tbc fubjCid ; put me out of all patience. 
What, 1 confcfst brchight the matter 
mufc imfnediately to my mind, wai 
turaiag over the long and tedious con- 
croreriy in fome of your late volumes*, 
between Mr. Wcfton and Mifs Seward ; 
—4 difcuflion I would not on any ac- 
couot with to be renewed ; for which 
reafoa I fliall decline expre(riQ| my 
opinion opoo a point, on which I own 
I wonder how, but on what are now 
the faOiionable criticifms of merit, there 
can be a doubt. In our times the (ha* < 
dow IS miAaken for the fubftance ; the 
drcfs for the thought ; the mechanical 
incidents for the principal \ and, at l}tm 
J ohnfon applies it, 
*^ —Pars nsiniiiLi aft ip(a puella fui.*' 

Perpetual perfonincation, metaphors, 
though trite, unceaiing, thick^cluOeied 
jtna^cry, un -original, and ill-comb ned, 
i.ke a gaudy nofegay of flowers of all 
kinds, borrowed from all quartert* and 
ananged without uflc,attcmp:torupply 
the place of natural and ener>;etic flights 
•f imagination, of the elevated and pa- 
thetic fentimentty and the bold reflec- 
tions of genius. Alas I how eafy is it 
?o he a POET, if that divine name 
my be applied to the authors of fuch 
€mp&£tJoms I I do not add to my com* 
plaint the monotonous and mechanical 
harmony of PoPE .—that falhion, it 
lecms, like other meteors of a day, has 
VMiflied ; but I add, what is equally 
cenfnrable, a faarihnefsof langua|^c, en- 
cambered with confonants, and almofl 
enigmatically involved ; unpointed, un» 
fiuilhcd, fo as to pu£zlc the fenfe, 
sad difappotnty if not dilguft, the ear. 
Yet fafhrun loves to combine extremes : 
the fame age that applauds tbcfe things 



«3 

attempt. But he, who, with a loftineft 
of fentiment, a copioufnefs of fancy, 
and an exquiflte lenfibility, pofliefllta 
that attention which can arreft the 
operations of hif own mind and heart, 
and that command of language, and of 
car, which can clo.uh them in worda 
and in rhyme, may be fafeiv pronounced 
a true poet. Such were Spenlcr andl 
Shakefpeare, Miiton and Cowley, of 
which 'atter Pope fo happily fays, 
«• Forgot his £pic,^nay PiUilaric art J 
" Yet Aiil we love the language of the heart." 

Yes ! I will affirm, that every man of 
tafle will continue through life to read 
his moral eifays, both in profe and 
verfe, with increafing delight % while 
bis Davideis, and too many of his odet, 
arc negleded, as the ill-direded effbrta 
of the mod energetic underflanding, 
and the richeft imagination. And why? 
Here he fet up artificial models of ex- 
cellence t he I'acriflced fimplicity to the 
faihion of the day ; ** he plucked," as 
the great biographer fays, ''a deciduous 
laurel ;" and the natural conlequence 
has followed. — Dry den, it may be faid, 
is injured, by not being clafled with the 
four poets already named j— his facul- 
ties of ratiocination were undoubtedly 
greats hit fandy was truly brilliant, 
and inexhaudible ^ his powers of di£lion 
were in general nervous, comprehen- 
live, and happy beyond all praife : his 
ear was exquiHte ; — but then— (with 
fear and dilRjence 1 (peak it) he wanted 
that extreme I'ufceptibility of heart, 
which gives to imagination irs wildeft 
and richell dire^ions ; its tenderei^, its 
mcfl delicate, and incerefling hues. Pope 
appear* to roe to have bad fimilar dc 
fedU, though not fimilar merits. Once, 
indeed, he wrote on a fubje^ that came 
home to his own bofom ; and then how 
did he exceed himfelf I 1 mean the 



1 J rr . r c u I l . ** £'-gy «" an Unfortunate Lady,*' Bat 

applauds alfo* profe hitched into rhyme,' jj^j, ^nly adds itrengih to '.^^y poilrion. 



and, extolling the mod vapid tales, the 
moft inhpid fentiments, and the muft 
common 'place remarks, expreifed in a 
language the mofl unelevated, debafed 
by terms the moO cant and familiar, 
added to the laxell veriification, rings 
their prailes for fimplicity, manline^, 
and cUHicalify. JohnlWn, of the mag- 
nitude and comprebeniion of wholie 
mind 1 find every day more reafon to 
be convinced, ibmewhere fays, that 
definitions of poetry are dangerous. 
What he thought difficult, 1 lhall not 



♦ Set Vol. LIX. 



Were It not for that, and the <* Eloifa 
to Abelaid," 1 dare not fay in which 
clafs 1 fliould be inclined to place him. 
Ye: even thdc will not avail to me, 
who prefer thought to exprcifion, the 
fire and vehemence of natural eloquence 
to the flilf periods of labour, and the 
harmony of nature to the monotonous 
inflrumenr, fb long as I recoiled the 
Tancred nnd Sigifmunda^ the Theo- 
dote and Kunoriaj and the Ode oa 
Alexander's Feafl. And, if to fucli a 
writer objtflions can be made, how 
rare muft be the combination of facul- 
ties, chat can produce a per fed v^tttiV 



• * 



14 TbpughtB dH Poitry^ and Crlticifms on Pats. , [ !*"• 

I 

Gr AY» whofe laltDij were certainly of writing the whole, intended to have fub- 
the firfl Older, has in his Elegy given flitutcd foi it. \ 
one of the purcft inOances of his ge- Sonnets, or what they jail fuch, aic 
Buine poetry. Of his Pindaric Ot!e«;, become very ^dfhion3blc of Ute. Your 
though they do not Icffen my opirii;.n Ma^' .zincs are over-run with thcro ; for, 
of his ability, my admiration hdi loni*, bei.*;' fliort, the writei's Ubour, how- 
"been on the decline. The caufe of liis tvtr gicir, (and gieat 1 have no doubt 
failure, if he hat failed, ften^s to mc to \t ofieu is), fo.in contestoa clofe. Three 
kave been over anxiety, labour, and fi,ui-iintJ c tgiac fl-inzas, of alternate 
too much fludy of the trts of wiitinj:, rhyme, <ire ftruog togcrher, with a 
Paflagcs of ftupcndous fplcndoK^and (ub- coujWtt at the cud — and then, (how- 
limity there ait* ; but, as a whole, they ever crude, compltx, unnatural, dull, 
are too artificially 'comb'mtd ; their con- and hobbiin)»), iht deed is done. John- 
Bexions are too remote, and wanting fon has faid that the legitimate lonnet it 
that natural aiTociation of idtas, which, ill -adapted to our language i and hat 
Fikc Drydcn'i Ode, provesitfelf to have condemned tvcn thwft of M'ltoa. I 
been produced under one imprelbon »»f muft differ from him hcte. That it it - 
liie mmd, and at fl/»(^//////w^. Next, very difficult, I^conftfi: the rtpeiition^ 
clicrefore, to the Alexander's Ftali, of rhymes will, without great command 
and in fome rcfpeds fupcriorj is Col- of lan^uiigt, produce ciHbarralfment to 
lint'ii roble Of. to the Pairions, which, the txprtflion, and dilTonance loathe 
tvhether we confider the originality and flow of the veii'e. To niy e;tr, hahitu- 
niagnificence of the dcfign of the whole, ated to the gcneial fiiuflure of Milton'a 
and»isparts,or its imagery, its fentimcnt'b, leniences, and cadence of his verfet, he 
its expictTions, and its verfification, has doe^ not appear to have failed in thcfe 
ever appeared to me one of the happieft rcfpcfts : in elevation of thought, and 
efforts of human poetry. To be thun ntidjeilicpUinnefsof phrafc, I muftihinic 
fuccefiful again could not be c]tpe£ied ; hj^ lonnets of a tone with his other 
jet, from his almofl conflant adherence poems. How noble are the 7th, the" 
loalUga.y,it isa fubje£lof greatregret grh, the ixth, the f4rh, the 15th, the 
that even he feems fometimts to have. firi\ part of the i6ih, the 18th, 20ih» 
sniftaken the form for the foul. Why xilt, zid^ and above all the 23d and 
does Thomfon continue to pleafe, nay .|^rt I— After thele what (ball 1 uamc? 
to gather Ortngth, and have his iuiU Amcng the oider poets, a few of Drum- 
filled with the incteafing bUlis of fame, ir.ond of Ha^vthoiden, and perhapt 
as he rolls down the tide of time? Why, ^nt or two of Daniel and Drayton! 
but becaufe he does not fiudy what he of (he later, the highly-plaintive and 
Ihall write J nor drefTes up a trite thought pcitc.t ojie of Gray, and the bc(\ of * 
in tinfel expielfions, likcaccmmcn bar- T. VV'arion ! — Sliall 1 mcnritn the li- ' 
lot difguifed in rich apparel, but be- vmg ? TUoic or Mis. Smi:^»,aUvavs na- 
Ctufe he fits down to defer ibc the fcencs iu,aj and pathetic, and full ot fancVf 
of nature, that have horn chiltihuud de- gocl {ou^tiimes l^hlime, aie above my 
lighted his exuberant fancy, and the prdile ! The objsCiion to i he in i», too 
benevolent feelings with whith i! ey h-Jc variety. D-t giicf will hfirp on ihe 
have, made his big heart expiiid, H.i Jame (liir.gb. Yet tewof there fonneu* 
language is rot pcihap* always the iiioU are lc»;iiiinate. This is certainly a dc- 
pure and poliflied I but, being fufncient \^.(X^ l^y^ only a luuordinaie one, as it 
to convey his ideas without otbaiing afi'tdls theii form alone. But it geniut 
them, though it ^ray not ?»dd to li.cir ijj^e hers may be excufed troin thefe 
BOwer of charming, can diminilh hiilc rules, i» it robe cnduied, that poetalkrs^ 
from it. — Akcnfuie's Pieafutcs of Ima- ^f whoie produftions the oufward re* 
ginaiitn is a moft Iplendid and bcauii- j'cmbiancc (very (light as it is) is the 
ful poem, efpccially vvhen wc recoiled ^>,i|y tiaim they have to the title, Ihould 
it \aas ptuduced before the age of \^^ exempt from the laws that mark 
•tweliiy fouri and fuch perfons ot taf^e iheir Ihap: ? 

ai wilii to fee an inflance how ii:t!e Miis Reward, the fuperiority of wbufe 

learning, and toil, and attet^ticn to tl.c imagination over her judgement, every 

rules of criticilm, will c'o luuards the periou of underfianding muU be con- 

excellence of lucb a work, m;iy compaie vrnccd of, and herlcir" piobauiy may not 

tiiis brilliant coropofuion with the dull be unwiilrng to ailiAV; always poetical » 

and tapid performance which the Doc- ^ 

tor, in lire Itlter part of his'Iifei by rt- * A ncweJitioo', tire 6ih \%mw puWiihed. 

aiwa)t 



^793-1 Short Sieiih $/ tht Family o/Bifhop Gflnnint;. 



a!AjT3 rcrpc£(ali!e, (eicept when (he 
pt.-4riirAfe& HtJiace), though verv un- 
eoufl i when (he puifues tlie nuturni 
f c of her fjncv, prnducfs ;'air".4:-s of 
fubiimiTv or psihos. \\\:\i Ic .vc .1!! com- 
ps:it->ri f«T behind her. — Hut \\ *>< n (hs 
bcw:!'*cr3 hcrfcif with criiicU. fvi^cms, 
whea Ihe rt Lii%- in *' iicr cnuiiers ofciIiC- 
" *;j1 race" it» fuliow ;if:er mo«^« Is of 
p-rcv eiccc It- nee. w* Uin^-nr ♦'*'.• dtj^ra- 
ci'-'H of tite brichtcD talent^. The 
n^rc cqa^b!^ firains of Mrs. Bith^uld, 
c.;rJnr and t\U\ jj'v- a moc p'aciil 
d. ::c^ht to t)ic judf cniKiit, U ihcv in 1 ot 
<({Ui.Iy tranl'pori the foul. Ami I-.crt- [ 
cinfc the ii(^, n«ir rnter upon tliofir otl.cr 
f£in<t:e OAnies, n-tth witich \T<i\ S. lus 
ci'iica r«i (iJifT hr- iiO, and flir' r li«5r 
ootcnipoi Ar.e». Bur let mc li'p -ux pm, 
L'A I preclude iryfelf from ihnt indul- 
f>tDcc, cf which I fear 1I1.1T I di-nl in 
la? muih need. Mv own produ lums 
nav be tnn I.ab'iO ii> iiu<!c (liijc*^! uiu, 
lh4: 2 h^vc fo !tncrw«tlv imiinred tii orl^er^. 
AUv ! I fear ihev in »y ^ — Ti»cn: \\ms, I 
JorjH-ft, a lime of that y«»v4rh, wiiich i« 
■p* vtt fled, when, dazzled by xw-i tiii- 
fci of corrupt examples, and delrrrin^ 
lli'e (^iiodards ot antiquity with uhich 
the iimplui'.y of mv cUiMIkioJ was de* 
l:^hted, and to the menis of which the 
fcmp^iihv of my heart bore (e(limf>ny» I 
cr^.ii|^d my tlioufc'hrv, and contnilkd 
\r.t >rdtii of mv l"ul, in lt:.»rch of f^Kc 
*>i-.:'ii-v, and the III .ni:mic fparklts of 
i";-. *i--.:; ill , Bat h;"»pi: H:i»'crs me rhe 
:■ ..z i« p*i), 'iHi! \\i .1 1 Ihail vet live 10 
£ .:.;.!c(c the ii(.:.iii)« \.\\\\i vviiich (lie 
d-ci .11 uf ni« inUncy tilicd my ('n^u'ne 
\\i*f\ and v^Mivh, ho^'-tvcr dcprelt uy 
r.> 'ippOiHrment, ic pel led by envv niid 
tt-^::!;, '-inii overcl.'udrd by Kntf, liill 
r i- Tij 7vant ovcrflie whvc-i «d"oppf)finoa, 
■<. A :'i:c:':l ihe tenor ^f ni) (hvJii^',iit> and 
c.y dCUotis. 

PlCRS DE GraND130N. 



Mr. ITr B AN, Ja7i. 3. 

M^^K'ilN*"^ accidentally with ihc 
fcli'i.vmg {\\^^x\ ikctch of Jii-j tj- 
r:. iv o' 13 1*1. )p (running, I wou'm re* 
r.^ft i:^ nlernon ir. youi uleful MifvCl- 
Jj.v, MS ;t iray •*ff'iid r»TOc aliill.Mice to 
r '•-; ^iJ.rotb of itic BiOi^T'iphu liiiiin- 
d:: t, loAHidi perfecting :h'.ir lifi of 
r .*t \vo-»i'iy Hielatc. Tnc pRrticulnrs ap- 
{ti.- to h^vc been cikcn from a tnanu- 
I.i pi ho.t«ry ot die H-iuf-r of Tracv. 

Thoni -^ Gunn'i)^ had ill'uc Peter, 
t %■"' oihtr fons, and foar diughtcrs. Vc- 
nr rcjtir..:! a clerical education; -^nd, 
\^K\r.g ci;J'.r3^ was prcfciucdf by ihc 



Dean and Chapter of Rochefter, to th© 
vicuaK-3 of Hon, near rlut city. He 
alfo ohtain*-d. a fh>irt linie before his 
fi'.ath. the reflory i»f Gi.ivcli:iid m the 
i\fT[r county. At this uricr place, he 
'iircs his wiU Dec. 5, 16 1 5. .Tnd hit 
bodv wan int' rrcd there the iitli uf the 
fai.fc m(n:!i. By rJean..r Ips -.vifr, 
iI^i^hT^r of I'rancif Tr^cv or TicflV, of 
fj»Hi, gtnr. .iml .lun' ro St Thom is T, 
or rhe fiiuepl.ice, knr. he letr ,in iMf.irjt 
fon, naniid Peter, afterw aids the famous 
15-^hop of E!v, born at H"o, |.,n. n, 
1613. VVhich Ton he rcqueOs in his 
\\'\\\, :hat Eitanor, ins wife and execi- 
cnx, Mouid bring 'ip to feaiuing; fa 
that, ic i* ptoojiiile, yoiinjr Peitr had 
Ihcwn ■"nmc tokens of genius, which 
had led tiis father to c^nttivc a prelate 
f^* his fjtuie idvancc^-'nt. Eleanor his 
muihcr af:crw4rds m.iirted with a Mr* 
Henlhiw, h<. u'hi^ni (he had two foost 
the Rtv. T •■.:as HchiImw, inflalled 
A i"'ulc.4COn of Leaves, Scot, 5, 1670; 
ai.d lil-Kvarti. living lOSj. 

The feil . ffixcd to Mr. Gunning's 
will i> quaiitrily of two coais; 1, x, 
3 i>illcis (or a charge very like them) 
in feff, — 2, 3. per fcfs — ,iDd»a Bend, 
— which IS noiiccd, bcciufc Peter his 
Ton, when he became -4 Bifhop, had, 
on Mav 0, 1670, fioni Sir Edw. W^il- 
ker, IviJt. (ijutcr, the gr.int of another 
coHt, vii. GnUs (»n a fch, hi*i\\ccn tli.ec 
dovrs, A jj/n', ai miny cn.Hc p.iice, of 
ti'L- ri:lt. CiesU u dt.vc, Ai^;cni, fiip- 
portii.^ V. -til Iiii dc-xtcr ci.iw a cii'hcr 
lidtf. A:iu ii! tiic pitiiit it is (It f>>ith, 
that lit was «i-rinias ol' clian^inji his f*- 
ID Iv Hinis dci ived to lii:ii fiom Ins an- . 
celio.s, .ind V. r.ich had been ii(i:il ihuC 
i\:nz hv !ii:i! ii!i;d. Thib latter <:oit 
!. 1- lin'.c I'CLii o'iit^iuJ, v^iih pi<>[)cr va- 
ruti Ii. (•> ht; Dji«.l)t:'k (>r ll.iiiiiiion; 
btr Jl'>i>. Guiiiiii)^', ii.tir. 5i:c- 

ri i.ii iin*^ i>f liic I*" o otiUT fens of 
Tli'im :s CfiiiiMing, dtfccric'a the pre-- 
Irnt Ml. (it«'. Gunning, of Fiiufljjj'y, 
near Richtikr. So, liktwik, fr<»iu 
one of them did the (yunnin^.s »)f Cow- 
ling, n.u far d.ftmt, dLiivc iliL-ii cxirac* 

Vouis, 



ti(;r.. 

^Ir. UuiiAN, 



Jan. 4. 



'\/"l)iJ \\\\, much oblige nn oid cone 
■1. Ipondeiit, by piocurin;', hira infoi- 
matii n uith icipciit to the ini'i«! lcU6is 
pfciiMil to the old VLifioij of iht plulms. 
hs IS ■•ell a\%*ic that T. S. and J. Ii. 
d'.i^ijtc MLiiicuis Thomas Sicmhold 
iiiid Jo'.n U'li'kins. And he imagines 
ihit iiv^ odivr ci>n(nb'utui& to the worTc^^ 



i6 Tims •/ Cfcrift's JBirib i-^Amcdotes of Mr. Nicholfon. [Jan. 

towhofe merit he thinks adequate juf- moc^e of exprefling my hflpc, that the 
tice has not been done, are not alcoge- puhlicic may dill not be *def>rivcd of 
tber forgotten. There are roavy per- thofe paptrs, which, in his Ijft Utter, 
fons, befides G, who .prefer the " vc- he kindly offei-ed to let pafs, throui^h 
nerable ancient pfalm-inditers** to the my hands, to a very refp«^4h]c gentle- 
Poet Laureat of Wiiliam and bis co-ad- man ; who has already printcH, anri moft 
jutor, and even to tbe elegant Merrick, dilincercflcdly difperfed, two rlitftr«nt 
for the purpofe which called for their fers of exira6^$ from SiOiop Taylor's 
homely, but nervous and animated, works', »nd who means (hortly to pub« 
Arains. ii(h, with continued liberaiit)*, the entire 

Allow me to repeat mj unanfsvercd coilc^lioa, aSridged, in a quarto vo- 

query, as to the age of our bleifed Si- lumc. [ think 1 place Mr. N. but in 

viour at the time of the crucifixion. He the amiable light in which, 1 muft be* 

' IS faid to have been born four vcars bt- lieve, he deferred to appear alfo, as a 

fori the vulgar Chriflitin ^ii^ra i to have fsthcr and a Lufband, when I give you, 

fuflfered thirty three years afttr it ; and from a letter now before me, hik account 

yet no one harmonizer of the Gofpels, of the 6r(l article he fcnt yoo; to which 

or chronological enquirer, afligns to his (as he alluded to it in the (econd, p. jfoi.) 

abode on earth a period exceeding three I had dtfiretl to be uite6led { as, ntu fuf- 

and thirty years. Youn> &c. G. p^^mg it to be poetical, I had omirtcd 

— — ^ to fearch for it in that depaitment of 

Mr. Urban, Jan. i6. your Magazine. Hi& choice of fubjc^t 

WITH much regret, I rcfad in the for a firlt eii'ay is to be confidered. 

papers, that, on the i6ih uh. u xhc lines, with tlie figniturc of Arreo 

died at Liveqjool, the Rev. Ralph Ni- at the feet of them, occur p. 165, Gent. Mag. 

cholfon^ reftor of Dudcote, Berkk. Such 179.3, and refer to p. 1 2, though not worthy 

was, this gentleman's diffidence, and great your enquiry. The ciicumftance that gave 

UBwillingnefs to appear in print, tha^, birth to ihem was this : My eldeft dxugiiter, 

not with Aandinj^ his great zeal for a fa« whilft I was giving a ptufe tranfluion of 

Touritc (ubject, fuch encouragrmcnt ^he Latin verfes to her mother, ilerir..d I 

only, and fuch a repofnory as yours. wouM give her one in verfc ; on which I 

could have overcome it, by allowing him ^^^7 ^*^^ » P»«« o^ P^P^r, and fcratchcd 

to take fliclter there under the initials, oa.ihe lines as youiee them. The gratifi- 

or a fimiiar cover, of his name ; as he T'^^^u^^]'^ ""T.'^V T"? *""'''\?' \K ?"*" 

had on his mind, for feven years together. '^''t^l'^Tf^^'i 'S*™ ''' ^'' ^'^"- 

-V r ... -a: • •. 7 i Hjs infertion of ** the trifle * encoiiraeej me 

a wifc to fee a qu^^'oo «n " answered ,^ ^^^^ ^^ fubfequeut papers on the 

(which was ftarted vol. LIII. p. 144 ) , bj^^ ^,. ^, . ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^^^ ,^^ ^^ ^^^ 

and, after confulting the fuccemve vo- y^t admitted." 

luoKs, not to have brought forward the _ . i- r - . r 
Queftion himfelf till vol. LX. p. 301. f^'?™ "»>« fpecimens we have fcen, 
Sot being pcHonally known to him (and •"^ ['^°™ \**« certainty that they mutt 
I fpcak it with concern, as I hoped bet- now be the laft from himtelf, it raav \>c 
ler). I owe the pleafure of a correfpon- ^^^» **^"» " '"y w»tb that fignaturc 
dence with him to the communications "?«*<* ^"""^ '« y«wr revifal ♦, they 
he Rave the publiek in your Magazine, «n»gDt be thought not unfuitable to the 
under his initials R. N. (of which more PUfP"!" of your publication, and their 
willbcfoundvol. LXI.pp.313. I0I7.), >»/«"">» ^'o^^^* probably oblige many 
and to his aaive zeal, which traced the ^^ y®«f readeis, but ctitainly your con- 
initials of another writer therein, whofe ft*nt rcacer, E. J. 
ficuaiion cafually enabled him to give 1 believe J ought not to wiihlioW fcom 
fome authentic information, relating to V^" f» oblervation which he lately com- 
the favourite objeft of his repealed «unicated to me, with an apparent de- 
enquiries— Bifliop Jeremy Taylor. In H"^ cf iianfmitting it to you dt his Ici- 
eonlequencc of this difcovery, I have ^^'^i his great unwilUngncfs to let any 
been able, in the courfe of the laft fum- ^}^^''S '?? ha'^*^ «/c»P« him, having in. 
mer, to receive from him, and commu- ^"*^?^ "«•" ^^ ^f »'« «»« '° «'^« " UPV 
aicate the refult of farther mutual re- '«n"nients on ihc palFage , and, if I 
fearchts on thai fubjea. As I wifli to ?houg)>« «n«« ^V «»« n»"«h afperity in 
be in ti«c for jour firil notice of his >t, to foften u a^ I plcafed ? nay, even to 

death in your obituary, I hope I do not . ^ , ; TT T] TT 

too early imr«de on the feeliigs of his , * ^^^^^ ^ «^«»^ any , b«t a d.i.gem 

Sa tnd familyt if I tike tbS indiita ««^h fli*U affurcdly be made. Edit. 

' tak^ 



_'/:,„/, — .fi... 



1793*3 Sytpp Taylor. — Pytiham Priffrj. — fictigbis on Imhatiou. ij 

uke the aie Tnftetd of the pruning- common with his ▼aflTah in Wcpham '^. 
kaife." I add it here. Tliey app.ar alio to ha\c p< ilcflVd a 
« AmkUl the variety of my thoughts on "Jf^Mig* and 80 acrc> of land in War- 
Ihsfobjea, I have taken occafi.Mi 10 lenurk, °""K*"°' '^"" other Dollcmons in Pern- 
it h fumewhat wonderfid that the ediior of "«"» Bourn, and Woodemaiicnt. The 
a &'9grmpJhiaJ CUri hat not noticed onr nnmhcr oF the religious is no where 
bilhf^ io the lyih century. Bui tliat dif- knentioned (except f jut in their Srft 

tioAiao ferfooCh wasrerervcdibr Tay- charter )« The church of the piiory wai 

lor, tlieinanderoC the Warrington Academy! dedicated to S:. B.irtho]*mcw ; it was 

It had been kind -to have aflowed the bifltop one of the fmall mon»Acries which 

flce little niche IB hia temple of bone, thai Ordinal WoMcv procure<l to he fup- 

the greaCJifid food maa might have Iwdhie brelTcdjind obtained a grant of, lytt.V II I. 

<hance fior tauMfttty m.the fame ttblet \q^ ^1,^ i^^^,. ^ndowrrent of his colleec 

^^tht_J)caat'tfmmirHi4mmy^.d\h4 5^ Dxfoid, Ucin^ then valued in i^xxx^ 

t^A^'^^^S^^T^'JS^''^^^ tBalities at , 1 1. >er ari:um, and in rem- 

f>e did mr) their compantive i»er»t% ho _.' i.^^ ,,, ^T ,«ja xu. n. « 

iinftbeal4ttlthactho^»eme>7artl7l.u. Tr^'d" ^^^^^^ ^ The r«, was 

tar wiU not Jons f«rvife the academy he R^ntixJ. 5 J'c. I. to Anthony lord vtU 

iianded: whilftlhebiihDp,in bismellifloous 5°""^ Mouniague, to whofc dcfcendantt 

writln|«^~ " ""* belongs, it ftands near a mile 

LsHhir^ 6f /atttvr m umie volubelit ovum,'' South of Arundel, at the end of the road; 

. L-^ ^- V 1 J J-. ' . threujrh the meadows called Tbi Ckufif^ 

KotwitbfUoding the leimed editor s ^^ j.^in^ from the bridge, of wWdi 

p laboured, iiigeiiioue,and appatently can- j^ ^^,^^. |,,j ^^^ cullodv. Ut 

- did, ma.Bcr of obviating this or fimilar ^^^^^^-^^^ -^ ,^,^^,^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^ 

\ itmarkf (from woallcaioo of whKh I n,,,,,^,^,^ ,„,, ^lole tindrr a r.finii 

parpofely refeired to the paffagc in hi. ^^^„j ,^ ,^ „^^ ^^^^^^^ . ^,^^ ^^^ 

pamphlet before i wotild give Mr. N. ^^^ ^^^ ^^^yr^^ ^^^ ,^ reduced tochc fquare 

my fenumests» anjl agam before i trar.- building leprdente-d in the view, vvbidr 

I (cnbed the reipaik for you), I cannot ^ ^^^^^ f,^„^ j,,^ South- welt. T. S. 

avoid cDocvrring in opinion with mjt _._ 

correfpoodent, and rcqutftinf that you Mr. V* ban, Jan. ia. 

will take fome coovciucni opponun.ty jt is an oDfervadon which you have 

to intert it* as.. J. X made n^orc than once (fo ofttn |"jcr- 

" ba}'^» ai to rtndcr unnec(0';«ry the tiou- 

Mr. Urbah, Jan, ro. b'c of proving it 10 you) ; ycj n»vfl: 

THE (mall priory of De Calccto, or have oblcrvcd. Sir. how n^uch, in aW tlic 
Pynham, for regulai: canons cf S:. iranfac-hons (f our 1:V'«;, in all wc fay, 
AugifftineCP/. //. 7%. L.^ was founded by and ra a.l wc do, uc arc inriutnccd by 
ijucen Adcliza, fecond wife to Henry I, the poWcr «f in»i »tion. W:;\ does tl:e 
•ad, after his dcmifc, married to William child, hoih in iii: «'rp.l':i t^r, ;.nd his 
Albini, fecond Earl of Arunf'cl (of that mauneiv, ^;t,ir fo prr; 3 rcLnihlance 
name), for the health of the loul cf her to iho'cof his p.ircnc : 'i i.c m. ft pro- 
lord and huiband, Henry 1. Ranaloh, hahle cauic vknuh wt c^n :\Wh for 
Mfliop ef Chichefler, approved tie l^id \t \s iIti: tf im:r:it:on. Why Js ihe itr- 
charter, which was coohrm'd .i. d en- % iir, ir •i**^- rtlpetU, fo pi<.\«iljialiy 
larged by William earl of Aiundei, fir Itkc I. is ir>iU'r> 1 he only ni moft pn- 
the good of the fouls cf kiirj*, Henry 1. \}z\>'.e cTuft .^ that tS Huiration. And 
queco Adeliza, his heJrs, and his own. tlv- Lmi '•auic ih.it |> otiucts ri^;^ finr.ili- 
He gave to the priory anrua-lv cnc tiKlc I rw n he ch !•! nu ^?.cnr, the 
tjuihel of corn from out of hib m:M> «ie fiiviiiu ariii r..af\.r. pro.lt •, > ] *an 
Swanbourn, 43 cords of wc;o«i, »'a he cut cqijui (i<j^:c:e i)tr'»efi. (>v.ii^v:\ nrJ I'^jole 
in his fjrelk rf Arundel, for fjcl, and w 'i> %v-)'>iii ^c a./h,r'.irc ; n* :: u JmIuc 
tfmber for the repairing 'f Aiuoucl tj-c •* nnlciuir Ji li i-./' ^ mi .■.t].,j',(:, the 
bridge, when his f.^rtfter fhi'U id thir>k It tuiih »,f vvii.n .r onui.i-l!. alioaed, 
ncceffarv. He granted thcni the j>r vi* aiid lepkie wth v. :liioi:' ai.d oolcr^atnm. 
Icgcuf fifli'.ng on both fidek « f *ht htids^c vvc aic, .11 iiu;h, a k.r..« o: nJanec, "le- 
af urlong's length, and the i;tiir o'. p.i- flcdlih^; t:.c uiUtw ct 'h fun, wiih. ■ 
turc, in common with his burj; ill rj, in his whofe loii-rc wc hipp n i<f move j wa 

meadows ot Aiundel, for i^^.jv.s j-n-i ■ 

£ bulls, with liberty tofc<d luc ' hi>gs * A charter (.f foumUiiiyii. 
jo the park and forcft (f Arur.uci^ in f ^c Tanner. 



X8 Thoughts 9n ImttaiioH.^^lxxti Ca(U« i« Shropfliire. [Jan; 

are the rerf dottrels of our acquamUBce, psrformancpt. The beroiae of each' 

and reflect their virtues and thetr vices, frees ia queflaf the wanderers ; and both 

a« the came'eoQ docs the colours of hiftoriec coaclude with putting the yKning 

whatever furroundi it. people to bed» difcovenng the parents of 

If we extend our obfervation from the the hero, and deciding the fate of the 

influence of this power oo tbt difpotitions principal chara^ers. 

and inauneis of men to its inflccoce on I know nor whether the imvolimtafy 

the polite arts, I know not but that we commitlionof thefe faults wiU be thought 

ihall have a very fufficient apology for a fufficient cxcufe for the frequency of 

that great affinity in the flyle of aiany of the praAice. If authors* however, do 

the grcatefl ornaments of poetry, paint- not (as was once the practice of Sterne, 

lag, and mufici and bcfidcs being an and is DOWthcpra£kiceof.Maron)refo1ve 

apology fdr this likencf^ oi JfyUt ic may to read no othtr works but their own, I 

probably fcrve as an apolcgy for that know not how they can avoid the for- 

czidneis of thought with which the meri ium* the latter, without debarring 

works of fo many are fo wonderfully themfelves, like RouiTeau, of the fu- 

chara6)erized ; iuUimHch fo, that origi- preme felicity of pemfing their own per- 

naliiy fccms lo have actually dilappeared, formances. 

ihoughts fcem as limited as the letters Yours, &c, ■■■ 

of the alphabet or the words of the die- i ■ ■ ■ 

tionary, and variety fccms to coofift only -». TJaBAii frimrs^H^ufi^ SaUf, 

jn the vaiiousformiof their combination, . ukbaw, Jan. ti. 

Jn trurh, Sir, this plagiary (if you pleafe T M AK.E no apology for fending yoti' 

fO term it fo) fcems unavoidable and un« X the tncbfed view of Clun cafUe 

intentional. The bard, who exclaimed (Platg Jl, fig-, i,), and hope you will 

** Oh ! imirarores, fcrvum pecus I" had not think it unworthy a place in the 

not himfelf the fmalleft claim to origina- Gentleman's Magazine. Ciun'* is a 

lityt and Dibdin, when he ccnfured the fmall market-town in Shropfhire, about 

imitations of Shield, forgot that he him- 6 miles from Bi(hop*s-caftte, in the fame 

felf had not only been the committer of county ; it contains little wonh notice 

a (imilar a^, but that he had efen imi- befide the caftle, which is now in rums { 

/^atcd the conipolitions of the very objc£k and an hofpital founded by Henry How* 

of his reprobation. ard earl of Northampton, for ii men and 

Permit me. Sir, to proceed a litcle far- a mader, in the reign of James I 
thcr. May not the apoh»gy l)e extended Clun caftle was built by the Fits Alans, 

to that kind of imitation which contifls defcehdanis of Alan, fon of, Flaold the* 

i:i an t\^^ iminaion of ourfelvii\ that Norman, afterwards earls tf Arundel, 

is, in having at various periods of our The manor of Clun was originally in 

lives, and in various parts of our pro- the family of the Says, and came to ViriU. 

dufliom, produced a (imiiitude of liam Fits Alan, grandfon of Flaold* by 

thought ; of which there are many emi- marriage with Iiabel, daughter of Heliaa 

nent inOances \ Dibdin has produced de Say. /fheir fon William huilc the 

the fame mtlody in two different (ongs ; cadle 24 Hen. III. His fon John was 

an'l Pope, who, in his Temple of Fame, captain-general of the forces for guarding 

writer, the nr.arches. In this family, a^erwartls 

" The fjuecnafTenls, the trumpet rends the carls of Arundel, it coniinucd till queen 

And ate-icli bUft a reputation dies," [fkies, Elizabctli's time, when the laft earl died, 

in his Rape of the Lock, makes a rcpcti- About 1 549, Maiy Fit^ Aian married to 

tion of the <ame rliou^ht : Pliilip Howard, fon of Thomas Duke 

•« At cv'ry word a reputation dies/' of Norfolk. I c came to that nohla fa* 

But the err v'tft inilaiice which lam able '"'''y* *"^ f^^®'" **'*^"* ^^ *he W^lcots, 

to rccolUa (^x \\<\ > Ic fiinitarion ii in the ^^^m whom it was pufchafcd by the late 

works of one cf ihe greeted ffeniufes Lord Clivc f , 

that this country h.is pi uduccd. Fielding Near Clun is Caer Caradoc, a hill 

(whole Jofeph Aiidrrws. by the way, is famous for bemj? the place where Carac 

an imit-tion of Ccrvanres) hns in Tom ^a^us, the renowned Bfitifli king, about 

Jones piociuccil a glaring imitation of A. D. 5^ ciefendcd himfeJf ^o bravely 

Jofeph Andicws, A younp man, igno- againft Oaonus and the Roman legions. 

rant of his parents, wandeiing about • 

with a humourous companion, ^nd at- « Co/««, Briiifli Cc/^;rziyr, and by contract 

pmptcd to be ftduced by a Udy of lup^- tian Clun, Camd. Brit. 

rk^ foi-.m!'*! ik ihc hcio of bpih ihofip | Guugh'^ Camd^, Tql. II, p, 434, 

Tktrf 



fl^Z'l -'*'• Ed«ranb.— Wyddiall Hdlli — Letur of Dr. Johnfon. ic) 

Dugdalcy in his Hiftory of that placed 
mentions. 

The arms of John Thbmis Ellis, efq. 
the prefent lord of the manor, are. Er- 
mine, a lion paifant guardant; creft, a 
lion's head; ducally croo^ned, ifluant 
from • coronet of the Tame. He mar. 
ried Mifs Heaton, daughter of John 
Heaton, eft}, •f Bedford^, near Ha* 
▼cring, Elfex. H. G. O. 



There are the remains cf feme other 
cifflpi in the neighbourhood, which ap* 
tear to be Roman work, and were pro* 
nbly thrown np by Oftorios, 

On looking over tht monumental in* 
IciipiioBS in tnc partfli-cburch of Cleo- 
Wy Mortiner^ 1 iaw the folk) wing ' 
Lnes on- t plain. Acne. If you think 
tliem wonh n pUcn in your excellent 
MifccUmy^ they are at your fervice* 

*■ The Reverend 

Mr. WiUiMn Edwtfds, latn ideal* 

of this chnrc^ departed this lifia 

Feb. 16, 173S, aged 77. 

The ritual ftooe^ thy (on doth lay 

O'er thy rafpe^Ud daft, 
Only proclaims the moornfial ^ 
When he a Lther loft. 

Fame will convey thy virtues dowpi 

Through ages yet to come ; 
^H needieft, fince fo well they 're knowii| 

Tu croud them on thy tonib. 

Dccpto engrave Umn on my heait 

Rather demands my care 1 
Ah ! could I ftamp in ev'ry part 

The fiar impreffion there. 

. ]a life to copy thee TU ftri\-«, 

Atid, when i that reiigni 
]day fome goud-natur*d friend funriv^^ 

To iay my bones by thine. 
Touts, &c J>. Pa&keb. 



Mr. UtBAN, Jan, 5. 

THE inclofed is ^ithfully copied 
from an oifrginal letter of Dr. John*. 
(bn in my pofTefnon. It is undated ; 
but relates probably to the benefit he 
obtained for Mrs. William« from Mr. 
Garrick; on which fubjed you have 
ahrei^dy printed on^ of his letters to Dr. 
Birch, vol. LV. p. 8. United, they 
Ihew his hearty teal to ferve a friend. 

Yours, &c. J. If, 

^'DcAtSia, 
" I FIND this Gentleman knows more of 
Tickets than either you or I j and I wilh you 
tVould be fo good as to fettle with liim. I 
fancy printed ones may ferve, on gocn) ftrong 
paper. Let them be dated right. Therd 
ibouk! be for Box, Pit, and Galleries. I am> 
Sir, Your, &c. ^ Sam. Johnson. 

«' To Mr. Cavi." 



Mr.Uv CAN, FimchU]ft.C9wmo9j J mm. 44 

I INCLOSE you a drawing of Wyd- 
diili-hall, Hens (plmiilL fg. 3 J. 
In 17S9, I publlflied a *< Defcriptive 
8kcich" of the place j and will now add 
a few farther particulars to accompany 
the drawing. H. G. OldfielD. 

Wyddiall is about 15 miles from the 
county-town) the maoor-houfe is on 
the South fide of the park $ the entrance, 
in the center of the front, is through a 
porch, with a ruftic door-way, over 
which uCcd to be a ftonecarved with die 
Gulflon arm«i a JDoric cornice and 
friac run through the whole length of 
the buiidingi and, in the paraper, over 
cath window, is an open halliUtrade. 
Going through the porch, you enter tht 
hall, fitted up with pillars of the Doric 
order, on the right hand art the diaw* 
ing-room and library, which contains a 
very good colle6tioii of books; 00 the 
left are the drawing-room and ftaircare4 
The ofic«M ate at the back part oi the 
houfcf and the Aablts,' '&c. in a dc* 
tAcliCd building, Norih of the man Hon* 

The manor of VViOGELt, in the 
taaoo times, was held by Edgiva, a 
ftoble woman, who, in the days of 
Edward the Confcilof, Inftowcd it upon 
4^ church of Sc' Paul, Loa3<nf, «s 



Mr. Urban, J mm. 6. 

TO read Nature in its uncultivated 
walk, and delineate it as near td 
its original faithfuincls as polliblc, mud 
be acceptable to you. I, thtrefore, take 
up my p«n, with my beA endeavours, to 
difpUy arch fimplicity in tbe charH^lcr 
of a waggoner, and guilt in a man rhac 
feemed to undergo ail the horrors (•f ir* 
If, in the little 1 fend, I prove niyfclf 
a Rambler of obi'-rvatioDi 1 ihail ihink 
I have not travelled in vain. And, £ 
mud own, 1 am fo inccreflcd when C 
meet with a ceitain (lamp of chara6)cr, 
th«t 1 nm anxious to know fomethin^; 
ab^jut him, 10 whatever line ol lik he is 
in ; and, 1 duie lay, I felt as much 
pltjfure wiiii the uncouth language of 
the once hearty waggoner as a tiiil-rate 
aiTtateur could do with ihe fight of <i 
fine painting. From this turn of mind, 
1 hare often, when ununticcd «ind un« 
known, thrown myfclhnto places where 
i have been well repaid. A certain p^rt 
of the world migiit charge me with low 
ncfs and whimlicjtity of fpirit 1 for» C 
have often futcn in fiient delight, to ht.^r 
the honeft principles of a man that lin- 
gered over a pint of porter, as if he knevr 
that be could not anord another. 1 have 
vifitcd U^ couagc of a laboCircr \ri:h a 



I 



t% . InfttMct tf ixtraarMnary JttttlUSlual AbUHiti. 



fjaiu 



I>eo, profecit) ut Catholics fidei vematem in- 
vito animo anpleAi volucrit, Canttunque per 
quadriennium 2elo et emditione potuit, ut 
ejus exempio Londinenfes aliquot fcemitue 
longfflimd earn amplexx fint : roatrimotiio 
copUlata Florentiam flatira ac venit, abdicato 
Cecolt loxu, luikc Deo vacnns, oraiioniy fa- 
crorumque lihrorum let^iooi inter forores 
/tertii ordinis Sanfti Fiandfci de Paulo ftd- 
le6l» coeleftis Maris delicias per fingnhis 
hebdomadas pergullaie ftul^eritate vitae pru- 
^ntia fibi vixic, eC Chrifti |)auperibus; quoa 
dnmi fuae praefertim hveme Ixta excepic ct 
aUiiCy aetemitatis amoie flagrans, uc eflfet 
ftmper cam Domino, rap'a e!\ vix kaiend. 
pebnurii, A. R. 5. ci3i3ccxxxiiii, xtatis 
fuaeXLviii. ii.vi.D.i. 

This ftrange infcription^ which feems 
impcrfe6t, being probably copied hallily, 
is to me fcarceSntrlligible. The lady, 
a daughter of Oliver Sir John, (on of 
the Ctiicf-Juftice, became the wife, by 
ft ftolen marriage, of an Italian painter 
mentioned in Wal pole's Anecdotes, IV. 
!»• 3^ Yours, &c. F. S. 

Mr. Ui^BAff, Bathy Jan, i. 

1HAVE heard and read of many ez- 
traordmary inftancs of the wonder- 
ful powers which the human mind has 
acquired, when confined to one parti- 
cular branch of fciencc ; but 1 acciden- 
tally became acquainted with a p,ent!e- 
man lad fummer^ whofe iutellc6^ual 
tthilitiei api>ear to me to equal any in* 
Aance t ha»c ever met with, cither in 
Socient or m^xlern hiflory. 

Aiithmetic hsf» been the ohjeft of this 
gentleman's purfuit for fivcral years; 
and he is become fo fkilful in the fci- 
cnce, that he very rarely has Cccafiun 
for pen and iilk, generally performing 
his calculations by an extraordinuy ex- 
ertion uf his mental powers. On my 
cxprefliPg my aHonifhrnent at his thus 
folving fome very difHcuIt quefiions, he 
acquainted me, that he could anfwer 
any queOion by the fame method, in 
imVoIut^M and evoiutianf ivhen the fum 
was not expreffed by more than xz 
tiguresi and alto muit'ply and divide 
the fums of any powers Dy each other. 
This aflcriioR i gave but little credit 
tby as It far exceeded my Comprchenfiuo. 
I was, however, dtfirousof afccrtaining 
the tiuth of ir, and 1 therefore prnpofed 
feveral arithnnecical qucflions, each of 
which were precifciy Mnfwertd wirh 
equal cafe and expedition. The moft 
'material of ihcm were as foKows : 

I dcfirtd him roraife 9 to the i2ih 



ihort a period of time as I could bav* 
performed the work by the ufual me* 
thod, he replied, that the 12th power of 
9 was xRa,4ao,536,4Siy that the fquart 
root of that fum was 531,4419 its cube 
root 6;6i, and its biquadratic root ^x^^ 

1. I defired him to acquaint me wliac 
was the 9th root of 10,0^7,696, the 7th 
root of 823,543, and the lothrootof 
9,765,61 e (which, by a previous calcu* 
lation, I Khew were ^iSZ/Mia/liuiDbers); 
and he ^nfweredy that 6, *;, a&d 5, wer< 
the rcfpci'llve roots required. 

3. I lequefled him to determine what 
number would rtfult ffom multiplying 
the 6th power of S, by the 5th powet 
of 8, to which he replied, that the 6th 
power of 6 was 261, 144* that the cth 
power of S was 32,768, and the proJud 
arifing by multiplying the id of thefd 
Turns by the laA wa» 8,589,934, 59'i. 

Laflly. I propofed to him to divii^ 
the loth powef of 7, by the 6th powel^ 
of 7 I he anfwered, that the lotb powef 
of 7 was 282,475,249, the 6th powef 
of 7 was 117,649, and the quotiencari<« 
iing frofn dividing the firft lum by the 
lad. Was 2401. 

1 carefully examined all thefe fcTenl 
operations, and found them to be per' 
fc£lly accurate. 

In (bort, Hr, after variovls trials of 
the gentleman's abilities, I found that 
he oould raife either of the 9 figures 10 
any power as high as the itth power, 
and afterwards extra6^ the fquare, cube^ 
and biquadratic, roots of the fum thus 
found, provided it was a ratiomal xium* 
bei ] and alfo multiply the fum of anJP 
power, not exceeding the 6th power of 
any fingle figure, by itielf, or by thtf 
i'uni-cf the 5th or any inferior power of 
the y2zM# number) and alfo divide the 
fum of any power/ under the lath power^ 
inclufive, by the fum of any inferior 
power of xhtf^mt number. 

The ftvtral qucflions which I pro- 
pofed \vete (as i faid before) all de« 
tcrmined by the operation of his mental 
powers, and with fo much apparent ^tJk 
and accuracy, that 1 ^vas much inclined 
to fuipc^Vv that the gentUman was af- 
fifted by fome kind oi artificial memorxt 
and this fiifpicion induced mc to curri 
over a number of arithmetical and other 
book&, whicii were likely to refie^l anf 
littJiLon the fubje^^} and alfo to make 
many inquiries amoogU other perfoni 
Aonvcrf^iuC in fuch m^^Hrsi but all mj 

refcarcUeirand inquiriesfroved fruitleff. 

power, and then extract the f uare, the And, unieft. any c)# your correfpondcnrt 

cube^ an(i the biquadraticj foot, la as can dear up itic aivftery, and point ouc 

• - ibme 




1793-1 JtrhbmtttcaJ Notes. ^Original Letief df Mr. l^VfhMonis^ a J 

Ibine meant of foWing fuch difficult «m tn the center of my bufineft, who 

ooeflioos as ihofe 1 propofcd, hy h/ad, il»ould come into my head but yoiil I 

I oqH at faft conclude, ih^t the genrle- began to remeinber how I had been 

man did not deceive me, when he af- told that you were come home front 

ferted, that he performed ;hc foluiion of your ▼oyai..e, iivd all Uh and fnuiid, 

ihem by the mere ftrengrh of his mind; out did not know ho^v-tobelievc it (nor 

Daaflifted by any extrinfic aid. *»** * believe it), till 1 have it under 

■ Yours. &c. A.B. your hand. 

For the b«ne6t of thofe readers who 1 wrote you a good while ago in be- 

■reunacquajnied with the higher orders half of poor Gronow Owen, thegtciteft 

of arithmetic, tlie following notes may genius, either of this age, or that evec 

aot be judged fupeifiuous. appeared in our counrryj and perhaps 

» !-• ^ .u -«'r— ^c .^».«r« ;c f*w other countries can (htw the like of 

.JSSS^\Sr„t^;SrLuip';?S:f hir„forun.vcrr.lk„ow,.<.«c Iftewei 

«f number by itfelL The number iifclf U JO" Cywydd y Fartt, and fome other 

c^l the ift power, the number muWp'.icd P«cces of his, when 1 wak Ufl at Nan- 

fcy itfeir is called the ad power of tl»at mim- nau ; and 1 have three or four pieces oC 

ber, and this bit prodnf^ again multiplied his (ince, that are the bcft that ever 

by the original number is called the third were wrote in our language, and will 

power, and fo on. The fiift p<}wer is alfb endure while there is good fen fe, good 

calkd the root, the id power t\\t fqunre, nature, and good learning in the world, 

tlie id the cube, and fo on, of the oiiginal it is a pity, and the grcatcft of pitic», 

fiurober. that fuch a man as this, who is not only 

£volKion or extraaion of roots is the ^^^ greateft of poets, but a great mafltr 

cooverfc ol inv«lut.oii. To extraft the „f languages, (bould labour under the 

Ciller*, cuhe. or hiuiiadratic. root ol anv . ^,«^ *J • ... , , ' 

ichool, and fer« 
middle of cmr/t 

^ .W-. —^ „ P*^*^ income of 

number. Tbi, 3 isthe ad or fquara root *^'- * y«^^ whenattbe fame time many 

of 9, and the 3d or cube root of x?. &c. * '»' parfon (who, their neighbours fay, 

A number is fold to be ra//o7wi/ when its h^v* hardly common undeiitandiog) 

root can be exiraded .without leaving any makes the earth groan under him fvhea 

remainders 27 is a rational number, the he treads it, becftufe he hath fome bun* 

cube root whereof is 3 ; but sS is not a ra- dreds a year, for not keeping a fchiiol, 

tiunal nomber, becaufc its root cniuiot be or fcrving his church I But, howtvcrt 

eattraOed wilhom leaving a remainder. \^i them contrive it a they will, all that 

-"""•"""""^ 1 want is, that our countryman Gronow 

Mr. Urban, 7«*« »o. Owen (hould have meat to his mouth, 

AS fcveial of the admirers of MeflT. ^ud to his wife and two children. 

L. Morris and the Rev. Gronow jjut 1 wou o chufe oi all 1 bines to 

Owen have long wilhcd to lee a Copy j^avc him m McrioneihOiirc, it being 

of the following curious letter, it was iniprafticabic to get him inioC.udiaan- 

t4iought that the moft eligible mode to ^j^e, but he wilhc:. to Ik in AngUlcy, 

m'lke It public was, to iranfmit a copy his fiativc country. 

•f it CO your eniertaining publication, j g.^ j^ld vou have good intereft with 

which is greatly admired by rhe Cam- ,hc b:lhop of Bangor 1 if you can get 

hro-Britons; and, if you plcaie to irv- this n.^ii a living, you wili not only 

fcrt it the firft opporiunii,, you will make this man immoaal, but make me 

▼cry much oblige SeGONTIUM. immortal too; an.l if >ou -re lo iinrd- 

0>^jr#/tftrii/r/rc«i Mr. Lewis MoR. h^ricd a. 10 icfufc'inc •mmo.t^Iity,' 

HIS to William Vaughan, £/;. ^h^n lo be had ujk.u fuui tiiy terms, I 

^ N4Dnau. ^ fhouid tiiink you very crucU My next 

« Worthy Sir, ^!i^^ ^-^^y?-/, n^li brjng CywyJJy dm, which is the 

_ . , • * '^^r* ^<^^ poem he haih v rort ; the iubjcwl is- 

« AFTER a perambulation ot fcvc- ^ j^^.^h for hapD.ucls; Dtsi-wyuiJyd it 

ralcouniies, andobfervationofa vane, j^e gem he harh '.arched for in a!I 

tf of objeas, a gteat number of (tranj^e corners of the woilt^ and, after a grtat 

fan of people, abundance of gimcracks, ^^.^ (-^^g d^fcrijnions aud refcaich^;*, 

ttouotams, rivers, d.ilcs, and lowms, I ,^jj|j ,1,^ i^Ip of ph'lofophv, and all 

am arrived at this pi'ce uiK>« buhocU. ^.n^ ^^ learning, aficr conluUing Solo- 

Having a leisure evtnmg, which I fcl- „,,,„., .vorkj, fcc. that gem is not to la^ 

4oa or Wffr kart 11 liome, where 1 f^^jj ^mQn^ the jewcit and crown*. 



" %hr bore a ddwjrtftit, 

Yn llu i gyilganu gyiui 
Pcrffaith, jfh' Af waich Dnw lort, 
Dethol, «ly ffjrndd a <lo«thiony 
A mid, ac r:)chwilia<lwy, 
D^w maivr ac si fii ^Jim mWy !** 

When I fte in Mihoa, Drydcn, or 
Pope, fuc^ ivN^TOus lines and grand ex- 
prefTions a« this poem contains, I fliall 
admire them at mncti a« i do Gronoiv 
Owen, and not till then. Pray let me 
hear from you as foon iat you can* 
" Yonr moft obedient fervanty 

" Lewis AloRRis."* 



114 P^itry 9f Gronowr Owta^-^&rm^;!/ tst S/. AnjreVs* [Jan* 

mitres and cat>s, nor in fliort any where 
in the world; then h^ fiodt a booK 
written by another Ton of David, which 
ttllt him where it is to be found, and 
giTes a IWely defctiption of that coun* 
try (Heaven); this is the fttbjcA, but 
«oching can come up with the beautiful 
lines and exprcfTions throughout the 
whole, which m^ikes the writer worthy, 
ioot only of a paltry re£lory, but of the 
favour of aH men of fenfe in our coun* 
try; and is really not only an honour to 
the antient Britons, but to heman na- 
ture in general. I do not remember 
that I have fent you a copy of his 
Cy^dd, intitled, BoHtAd ac Jkbau V 
Awitif a mofi excellent piece? ihe fub- 
rc6k of that, as well as all his other fab* 
je^s, hath fomething ne\v and furpri- 
sing in it. He firll examines the Greek 
and Roman writers, and finds the ac- 
counts they give of their feigned Mufes 
(o be only the dreams of- the poets 
Bnuddnvjdiom j Btir^iJydjnii ihen he 
£nds out an original [«r more ancient 
than the father of their Mufes^ S:c.; be 
jfinds that the flars of the morning fang 
the praifes of ^ud, and all the hoft of 
lleaven. They fang (o loud, that the 
comets or wandering ftars beard them, 
ilnd jumped into their orbs again to joi« 
in the chorus t 



•* F«i dywai V Scr difpfrod, 
Llcmaia a wnat rhain i*w rhdJ!** 

Adam heard them out of pacadife, and 
5oined in the fong ; his wife was fo well 
^leafed with his fingiog, that flie be- 
came a proficient in it, and they fang 
together the praifcs of Gcd all day long. 
. Here we hav«an original oi poetry, 
xvhich the fuperftitious Grecians and 
Romans know nothing of; hence he 
carries it to Mofes and David, and 
gives feme charming fpecimens of 4Pa* 
^*d*s poetry : 

" Dcffro ^Y ^»hl parable p£r, 
Ki ganwn emyn gwiwoer," kc 

Then he comes to the great poet Solo- 
mun, the author of 'the Song of Songs. 

" Fe ganl Gin ^«viw4an y swaUj 
C*»n ovJi:>e?h y Caiiiatlau; 
Pwy ni chir ei R6s haron, 
Li ]i, ar DiainUwyni lion?" &c. 

Thtle lines will lafl for ever, in fpiic of 
encnii&s; neither fire nor water can de- 
Itioy thefc, nor will ihcy j^erifh till the 
M'<»il.d faJis in pieces, duU man is no 
mo'C. 

I had forgot lo give you a fpccimen 
of iljc fong fung by ihc morning ftars, 
•n the ciCiitioa wf the world : 



Mr. Urban, Jan* 15. 

HAVING received great pieafure in 
hearing The Shepherd of St« 
Andrew, Ifolbom, on occailon of the 
pre fent times, preach three or four as 
orthodox fermons as can, I think, be 
delivered, all replete with truth and 
seal (and too much ceal, I think you 
will agree, ca-nnotbe (hewn where there 
has been a profpefV of fo much danger, 
and when there ftill remains fo much 
infidelity); it appears to me that it 
would be no more than a juA compli- 
ment to hint to his flock, that ' they 
(hould requeft his leave to print them^ 
or fuch of them he nrwiy think moA pro* 

Ser. His text, on Sunday lad, from 
Lomans iii. and fiHl part of verfe 8, 
was moft admirably well treated of. 
And, as it flruck dire^y at the root 
of what we may fairly conlider fome of 
the bad tenets of P.tpitls and AtheiUs; 
fure 1 am, that the printing and diflri- 
buting fuch a fermon woutd have full 
as good, if not a better, effe^ thaa 
many of the piiblrcatioas of la(e didri- 
butcd. 

It cannot* I think, be tirged, except 
by the malevolent, that the Clergy, and 
nfore particularly the parochial part of 
them, are more interrOed than the 
Laity on the prefent occaiVoo, fo as Co 
make them more zccilous; for, every 
perfon wi Aing for any government will, 
1 conceive, be difi^ipointed if there is 
ouce a dereliction of Religion. And, 
in hopes you will favour thefe f<nti» 
ments with an infertion, that, if the 
hint (hould not be attended to, or it 
Ihould b« thought unnecefi'iry by fuch 
of the inhabitants into whofe hands* 
your publication may fait, the fame 
may remain a monument of the good 
intentions of the worthy Rc£tor I have 
above tpoken of. Yours, ice. 

An IVBABITANT OF 
11&TTPN«GaR1>£((. 

Mr; 



■A 



*•• 



*i 



m- 



1793*1 ^^f^riptm at Howden explained. — Hiflcry of St. Cecilia. 25 

Mr. UiBAN, ' Jmh. \i* Mr. Urdav, 7««. 3- 

PREVIOUS to tnv complying with C T. CI^CILl A, whofe fettival is cc- 

ilic requcft of Mr. Sivage, in your O Icbrated Nov. xi^ was a Roman 

Ufi viiume, p. 973, 1 wifh to fiibmit Udv of ^ood f^nj.'v, and educated in 

t'- his conHderaTion i frw obfcrvationj tl»e prinriplcs of tlit Chriflian religion, 

or. the infcript ton he ha^ communicated Notwithftandmir th^ li:)d voiced virgi- 

toyou, r.iiy m her youth, her pirenis comj^tl- 

1 (h,i!l not infill, on ihc uniform tra- led htr to mrtrry a n(»Meman niiT-cd 

^iii>n of th;: pLiCc, that it was placed Valerian, whom, with his brothtr Ti- 

crcr-the bowels t.f B(i. Sf'aittr SkiriaiVf buriu5, Hic conviTtcd to the faith, and 

cnhat he w;is a preUteof farmoiecouo they borh fuAcred martvidom. Nor 

f^quer.ce in hit time than W'aUcr dc \v,is fhe many (!ays after ihem. 7*hcfe 

Kir-.h;«my And a capital l>encfador to marivrdoins arc vasioufly placed under 

Hovtdtn; no' 00 a copy of the inicrip- M. Aurcluis between 176 and 180, and ' 

t:(*D raken by Mr. Carter, which I fend under AUx. Sevcius, about 231. From 

^0:1 hvrtwith, and wh!ch rcadsi (o very her ninduliy in finginj; the divine 

tfilfert^ntly from that communicited to priifcs,in which Ihe jo ned her ▼oice 

ynij l::lt month. T (Ii.(ll rcf\ a:t my ob- with inl^rumental mulick, fhe is re- 

jtuti'^ni on cxaminint; the authority t«>r ^ irdcd as the pjtroneis c>f church mu- 

ari'vini^ the infcripMiui to \V.»l:er cle li. k. Her body v.as found by Pope 

KirLham, as flatt-d hv Mr. Hwii hinftn, r^Tch**! 1. in die cnntlerv of a cliurch 

Hi! TV of Durhim. I. 213. '* Tiie C/tlled bv her n.inie, which occuis as 

iiitli'p departed this lift: at HoFtdtn, t^.ily as the fixih ctntnrv, a council 

(•n (jic 4:h dav rf AuguP, 1260, and be ng held in it A.D. 500. With her 

was buried at Durham on the ]6th day body was f)ur(! iii t of her huibind ; 

of'tlii: nn»nih, he having been cir.ho'v- a:ui they were tranflaied, to:'e:h€r wiili 

t'cH -i; IliiVfcdcn, as afftarj Ifv an in- thofe of liu martyis TibuMiua and Max* 

j"P".6iiin tbt cffurrt th^re." The an- imu>, A.D. R21, to a n»..»n;i!rery foun- 

tiioii:? lor th:s lo Mr. H. is v. H«Ae- d-.d by Pope Parcn.il in hoiioiir of thcf'e 

dea, V. li. faii-rs near ri.c tl.urch <»f Sr. Ctcilvy 

1 have I'oucht in vain for anv men- anvl w.js rt-bui-t in a luiTipruuUhmaiiner, 

I '■:! '-t h^vjJem in ihc fccond voiiir.jc which j.'iv.-«: m1:« t.'> a cirdin^l piicft, 

tf tilt Hi. lory of Durham, and (iiould i;90. by Cirdm-.i S:"or.«'iai», ?«.p!;t-\v 

1 .V'. Lttu lurprin'. a: t-.ntl:rg it, a* it to Pope Gitjciy .\]V, v,h',:i Ccircnt 

i' !-'•:- nj'.njbcr of the ch'jich of Dur- \'ni. remov.J rhc- bulici from under 

h^ri. 1 ii»all, therefore, prtfvr the au- iht: iiivh ii\:^r to a handfosnc viult in 

t- r t'. , t ^l:tf.iic\v Pans. ;*nd?*'riithew the fonc cliuic**, inlcd ihs r(infcl!i:in 

0. WcHnijiirtcr, in Godwin de Piasl. tu. of St. C-ciiy. 'f'nis cliurth is calicd in 

Rcr..742, and Robcride Grayftanes, in 7rflflrvfrg, to ditiiiiguifh it from two 

My.\h ^Acra, 1. 73^f f'^r Kirkham ha- ocIilts dcdicat-cd to the lame famt. 

Tiu^ died ;it HiAvdcnt and being bulled (Buclsr's Lives of Saints, vol. XI. p* 

a:I)iiiUaiT), without a word of his hi- 395, Svo.) P. 

v.r.K been imlofu^elUti at Ho'we/^ff, wi.icii ■ 

aiif-cdrs oa/y hum Mr. H** reiidink^ of Mr. VrbaN, fFintOMi.y^H. 13. 

th. iiiJcii|<iioii ill ( teUiou. It may he T V/ii:c to give tiie beft latisfa£tion 

ii>iiiul, in fi^rther confirmaticn, tlmC 1 tnac is in my power to ihc inquiries of 

Lii^r.d, in whf-ie lime, wc nk»y fairly your inncniouf cor re fpo?? dent Eufebin, 

(■rciuiTit, the inlcripriun was fuMcr, and (vol. LX.II. p. ifc6.) cuuccrning St. 

(lie n.on^ment better prel'crved, fey*, C^ei/ia, who is particularly defiroui of 

*' It ^.' pL2ieth, by inicripiion of a very knowing why this iainr wai chofen the 

fiir iti.re i'jr;» xff«r/.7fr:j, that the bow- patron ds oi mufic, and whether any 

ti>'.s of W'dltt-r bkiili'.vL, Dp. (f Dur- incidents, icistcd in her hillorv, cone* 

hAni, viic buiicJ in Uowdcn church." Tpond wi;h thole which are alluded to 

Iri^- i. 5S. by IJ'ydcn, ni hie immoital Ode, io- 

Wt.ai I have here (aid proceeds from i'cri'ued to her: 
adt!::L u> rdvue Mr. i. from the va- „ Atbl^ Jivirc CcJUa c:imc, 
i'.-ni'.ot u^aasi AnriqwarK'., who Ucm ]|nvci:r:.^ ol :U vcc;il frame ; [ftnre 

l'» iluijkjhi lu new %cuiutions and um- 'Ihi: iwixt JiMli.ifuJt from her l:twi->:d 

/i'iin(ic4l rflieriii'HS, and biinj^ I'llritdit Ei:lar:,M ti v foinT-r ii::rrow h-»'iu'", 
on 'lie fciLHcc of Ari'Kj'iity uy the hou- Ami :;.!.:eO :■ n.,ji roiolen!-.! f: M.-.di:, 
njrrrs of pcd.iUiic lait^uai^e. . L). II. Witli N::iMie': mr thcr-wi;, and Arts 

(a L^T. Mag, yoMitarjf l^^* K.ikn(;^\K bulors. L^l 



a6 Rimar-ks on 5/. Cecilia, by Mr. MUncr. tja*« 

Let old Tiinotbms yield the prize, by bting baptized and becoming a 

Or hoth divtdc the crown i Chriftian. 

Ho rais'd a Morul to the i<^t$, It is „ J^ ncctlFary to purfuc thii ac- 

Slie drew an Angel down." count any farther ; but. from what has 

Tluit a virgin-maityr, of the nanie of bi'cu r^Iarcd, it is cafy to conceive, ift, 

St. Cecilia, fuBcit'd death in one of the wliy painters and (latu-iiies, when they 

e4riv pcifecutions, nioft piobably in that attributed ap}irr>pri.i:e cmble:n3 to the 

of M. Aurehus and Commodus, nioft fcvcial faints, liiou'd fix on i{ic organ *, 

probably alfo ;»r R"nr^e, the ancient ec- and the anj^d, to accoipp^ny the hnure 

' cIcAaftical calendar:!, iornc of "hich are of St. Cecilys zciiy, why, at a hicr 

alinod coeval with the f^id perfccutions, period, when the patron faints of the 

and the ancient church dedicated ts this feveral profeHions were chofcn, our faint 

faint, that is known to have cxifted at ihould be pitched upon by the or<;;ani{ls, 

^oTne in the tifth centurVt leave no who, being the chief nnuficiat^s of the 

I eafonable prt text for doubting. Never- age, were confidcred as the reprcfcnta- 

thelefs, the cxifling acl<^ of St. Cecilia, tives of the harmonioMS art in genera!; 

thoiiL'h more ancient than the age of and, ladly, why poets, by a licence of 

Bed'-, who liiis b'ji rowed from them in their art, (hould afrribe the inventioa 

hii MaTivrolo(;y, are judged by the mod of wind-organs to her, an inftrunient 

able critics, fuch a;; ri'.iemoot, Aj^/v. not known till many a(>;es after her time, 

Eccl. and Hollnndus, ad 14 Apr, to be and (liould reprt ftnt the angel that ac« 

fpurious and uf ut) authority; that ik to companies her as attending to hear her 

fdy, tht>ugli there ii» a foundation of drains. 

tiuth in them, they appear to have been The explanation which is here giveoy 

amplified and enribeiulhed with Icgen* though it does not agree with the opi- 

dary fi6tions. Certain it is, however, nion which your lively correfpondent 

that thefe a6is were coi>fidcrcd as. genu- hds taken up, who, ] make no doubt, 

ine, until the lamp of criticifm was is a much better mufician than St. Ccci- 

lighted up in the iaU century; and it lia ever was is thn in which aiJ tha 

feems equally certain, th-ir, on the crc- learned concur. In the " Inquiry into 

dit of thefe a6h, painters have (ixed the Hiliory and Charaftcr of St. 

upon oigan^ as the appropriate emblem George," which I have lately publifbed, 

of our iaint, muiicians have chofeD her ionic >>f t'ne authoritica for this laft af- 

f«T their patronefs, and poets have dc- ftrrion ate to be met with, togcthei with 

fcribcd her as theiuvenirefsof theabove- inanv inO^nccs "f the enibitms of faints 

ir.eniioDed noble inftrumcnt, and as hav::i{> been chol'cn upon (o light and 

charming an^ els to leave their celedial arbitrary gounils as th die of St., Cecily, 

fphercs, in order to liftca to htr harmo- I have noihni^ ujort to add at prcfcnr, 

Bv. 7 he h6^s in queflion may be found except to iitioiiti Eu c;>ia, that the book 

ahiid^cd in the Old SarumBiCviary, and of Saimts /.ivts lu iicr poift:lli)n, as ap- 

ai full length in Surius, wh<» borrows pears J'y.licr accifuiu o^ it, is not the 

lliom fron Aloyfius Lipp'^man, the work of tlic lare Ah.Mn B.Hlcr, one of 

trat.lluorof Metaphrafles. According thu ii^lt cniicks and n^>ft univcrfal fcb<»- 

to ihvfe a6)t, Cecily was a Roman vir- lars of his time, as iiis performance, in 

gin of dftiaguiUtf-d birth, and ftill more the molt compafl form, coniids of (ix 

eminent for her p:ety, who having, con- laige quarto volumes. J. MlLNEli. 

trary to her inclinations, which led her — — — 

ti> a life or cont>aency, been efpoufed Mr. Urban, E,*/6m, Jan, i. 

bv her parents i<> a heathen youth, of ^^OU have not, I believe, often been 

t!:e name of Valerian, to ddopt the -1- afkcd to adniit au account of the 

nordj of the A<^s, ** whillt tiic organs deaih of a mere pauper into your obi« 

were p-.:vinc: (to celebrate her nupiiils), tuary, P«rmit n^e 10 liopu, however, 

f^i'PT t • tlic l^5>:d in her hcrt, J Lsrdf that neither the fu«vivio^ friends of the 

kt mj Uari he frrcfer^e J immaculate be* miny more d'tlinguiintd u<tmts which 

JO't: iht€.'* AdJrefling herfelf after- ' 

u,.d* JO VAlcjiao iti private, having '* The word v;>{w-iu, in the n^e of C^cdy, 

p.tv.ouf.v ..bca.ncd from him a Q oath of ^^ ^'^^ '" ^^Y^ ^'' J*^« laseniia-.y writer, 

Tecrccv, 'i.».;told h.i^., .hat fl.e had an }^asa gcuencalna.r.c formutol mftruments 

' , a u - I m general; biii, after the vnvetitiow of rr>o- 

.n.,.l Hj.jmuucd t.>- protea he» . . om dc j^^.J; ^^^ ^^ ^.^ , ^^ ^^ ^^^^^^^ 

M.-,ne«r; -nd Jr.c eugsged thM valeiun. f,^^ „, ,,f^ ^.^ apptxipnr.ted to th; nobl. 

hmilcMuouM tec this ajijel, m cafe he i„itrum<jnt iuqucfcou. [On:hhfubjce>, fe« 

would difpofe hiiniiell for lu:h a favour, ui^tlier toner iii p*.|}t EhiiJ] 

% ufaaMy 



I793»] 7^ ^ff and Charailir of Sarah Steer, of Epfbrn. 27 

iifutlly occupy yonr monthly lift of (which alone can prevent poverty) ar^ 
deaths, nor year readeit in general, no longer (as furely they aKvays ough' 
" ~ "to be) rhe cbarafleriflics of the lower 

claffes of the community. 

I bcjieve it is peculiar to this kiogdom 
to prov!<!c fcr its poor by law; and, I 
am confident, its liberality in this way 
is peculiar, »iu1 without a parallel. God 
forbid it (hould ever be UT^ ! But, whilft 
the liberality of the publick is thus 
frctiv acknowledged and praifed, it it 
not illiberal to conlider how far it is ci- 
ther wife, orieally does good. I dm 
not fure that it has ever yet been clearly 
proied, that any Hate has a right thus 
to f<McIf.ilI and contioul the charity of 
n& people. In England our charity is 
certainly controlled ^ for, fhould we be 
5o fortunate as to hare iomcthing where- 



vilJ be offended at feeing one poor old 
wofnan among them. I am far from 
/eelifig myfelf degraded by becoming 
tbc htimble biographer of one whofc 
Mine probably never was in print before. 
To many fuch an account may be in- 
ftrndive; and 1 would fain hope, there 
is none tc^whom ircan b^ wholly un- 
iatcrcfting. 

On the 24th of iaft month died at this 
place Sarah Star, who going, as (he 
liftd to exprefs berfelf, *witb tbt year, 
if flie had lived till the 24rh of this 
niODthy would then have eute/crd into 
ber 93d year. For the fake of the re- 
flexions ihev may fujrgcft, I beg leave 
ihys publicly to notice a circumftance 



or two that occur in tht jSmfU annals of wiihal to be chanrablr, beyond what 



this old woman. 

By much the largeH portion of her 
prorra£^cd life was fpent at Epfom ; and 
tbete is as good evidence as the cafe ad* 
nits of that it was not ilUfpent. In 
this age of adventure, when perlbns of 
each fes, and of aM conditions, compaf$ 
Jia and land f and traverfc every quarter 
of the globe to btttfr tbimftl'veSf as it is 
called, it is at leail nodifcredit, if it be 
Bot commendable, to the rubje£l of our 
IDemoirSy that^ like the woman of Shu- 
pern, the was contented to divf II among 
her §^un ptopU. She, as well as her 
hufoandy was induftrious atid frugal ; 
but, with a family to bring up, it is no 
reproach to them (hat, in thisexpenHve 
neighbourhood, the prpvifioo they copld 
Jay by for a rainy day was but {lender. 
As long as they coald work they lived 
comfortably, if not plentifully. He 
did not outlive his ability to labour, but 
ilie did. Old, inBrm^ and, latterly, aU 

nioft blind, ftill ihe had a virtuous pride, obtains in moft other, if not in all other, 
that reftrained her from either becoming kingdoms; this is gradually to bring 
a beggar, or fohciting parochial aid. It back thmgs to their old ftate, and leave 
is this part of her charadter which the poor again folely to the voluntary 
flrikcs me as paiticulaHy proper to be charity of individuals, 
heid up fo public view. Let not this, perhaps novel, fug- 

Ever fince the f^atc took upon itfelf gef)ion be haftily condemned as a dire- 
toe Aablilh a legal provifiun for the poor, li6tion of the poor. WhilH fo many 
that kind of pride (if pride it ought to hofpitals and charitable inftirutions, of 
be called) lias been growing out of almoft every name and kind, have been 
falhioo, and it is now pietty nearly ex- founded, and iire fupported, by volun* 
lin6^. Poverty, however incurred, is tary contributions, what juft grounds 
no longer deemed a reproach s fo ample of fear can thtie be, that the poor in 
indeed is the relief extended to it, that general would net, under the voluntary 
it has almofl ccafcd to be an evil. One gu^irdianfliip \>\ the pubiick, be pro- 



the law requires of us, there are fo ma« 
ny laws that compel us, both to give 
alms, and not to give alms, that it it 
become a delicate and difficult matter to 
be charitable to any extent. 

The wifdom and the policy of any 
poor-laws feem to be points dill more 
queftionable. When one refle£is how 
much attention has from time to time 
been given to this matter, by men of 
tbe highcft reputation for wifdom and 
integrity, with little or no other per- 
ceivable effe6\ tlian a regular increafe of 
the evil it was their objc6i to cure ; and 
that this evil hits now giown to fuch an 
enormous and alarming height, that, 
wr can neither bear the difeafe nor a re- 
medy, the recommendation of a totally 
new f)ftem fhould not be fet down as 
the romantic reverie of a mere theorift. 
By a new fyUein, however, 1 mean no 
more than the revival of the old one of 
the kingdom, and which ftill, I believe, 



confequeoce of this ftate of things, 
much tu be lamented, is, that, with all 
our plenty, poverirand diftreliare daily 
^ncrcafin^i whilft lodulli'v and frugality 



peiiy attended to? Till the experiment 
i$ made, we can leafon only by analogy i 
and in that way the argument is certain- 
ly in our favour, that if country poor- 



a8 thoughts on the Support of tbt Poor. — Hifiory ofThrhyttArc. 



houfes, to be fupported and maintained 
by voluntary country afTociatious' and 
contributions, were once properly in(\i- 
tutedy and to become general, many 
good confequences, and few bad ones, 
wouiJ rcfulc from it. Of any yet un- 
tried fcheme it might be ra(h to fay more. 
The perfons moft liable and likely to 
become poor would again find them- 
feives,' as wai formerly the cafe, wifely 
fubje£ted to an happy train of depen- 
dences and expeftaiions, which would 
all tend to excite in them more exertion, 
and more' care to avoid becoming bur- 
thenfome, and alfo thQ» bind them over, 
.as it were, to a better behaviour. And, 
if poverty was thus preventrd, crimts, 
and ihofe numerous public executions, 
which are the reproach of our country, 
might and would alfo, at lead in fome 
- degree, be prevented. The rich too, 
xeleafed from aburthenfome tax, wliich 
is much aggravated by their being fcn- 
fiblc that it does little or no good, would 
then find a pleafurc in being liberal and 
charitable. At any rate, fuch an expe- 
riment might perhaps make things a lit- 
tle better, whilft it is hardly poiiibic 
they could be made worfe. 

Sarah Steer (=* review of whofe life 
fuggefled ihcfe reflexions) was a flriking 
infiance in favour of this fcheme of un- 
enforced chanty. In the day of her 
profperity flic had b'.havcd well, and, 
of courfe, when the tvil days came upon 
her, Ihc was not forfakcn. Everybody 
was happv in having an opportunity to 
be kind to oU Mother iitfer. From the 
table of one gentleman in particular 
(who is of no ordinary rank in the Re- 
public of Letteis), fli'c has, for fevnal 
years", daily received a commonable din- 
ner and fupper; and, from others, fuch 
biber kjndueffes as iht wanted, and they 
could afford ; Co that (he has often been 
heard to acknowledge, with heart-fdt 
gratitude, that, amidll all the cviU in- 
cident to extreme old age, (he had ne- 
ver yet ku^'X^n what want v\as; (he had 
always had iuch food and laiment as 
were convenient for her, and (he was 
contented. 

Let (lie not be deemed tirefomely pro- 
lix, if 1 yet add of this old wom.n, 
that, though in a low fphere of life, (he 
could read, and, as long as her eyes 
larttd, (lie did rcadj and (he read with 
judgement, for (he rtcd the Bible. 
Hciicc, Ihc was, and always had been, 
a rcligit us woman, and, becaufe reli- 
gious, therefore chearful and happy, 



confined to her bed. It may I 
(Ight thing to add, that (he w 
lo)al. Old age is naturally gari 
mt'iher Steer had a large collc6i 
old (lories, which (he often toli 
glee ; and was fometimes not ] 
proud of what (he had fcen. 
her fatisfa^lions in this way, th 
and pride of her life was, that 
and many a time Jbt bad had tl 
(Cod blij's kirn!) tn ber arms, C 
fcntiment, all that needs be laid i 
1 do not envy the man who d< 
honour her for it. The father 
prefent gracious king (of whom 
iTioft- heartily, fay, with mother 
God hit ft bim)^ long ago, lived fo 
time at Epfom; and m»tlier Ste( 
her huiband, who was a carpeutei 
employed in their houfehold. 



Mr. Urban, Ja% 

'T^HE petulant corrections o( 
J- correfpondent R. S. (vol. 
p. io8S), would, from rpe, as 
conceins myfelf, rather have mc 
pity than any other notice. But 
tack, in its nature public, calls 
public dLfcUcc ; and I yield to a 
duty that, to which the pcrfoi 
charges me wi;h ignorance c«»n, « 
own account, have no pretenfions 

It is probable the perfon who h 
dertakcn the Hift >ry of Dcrbv(hi 
n(-t ignocani that fome of Bp. Ta 
MSS were lodged in the Bodlei 
br-iryj bur, h-^ving ha3 npporn 
of tximining the MS Coilc^K 
perfons whole ahjiirics, induHry 
diligence, as Antiquaries, do not 
the palm to ihofc of Bp. Tanner, I 
as the B. (hop's litcs^ry reputati 
venerated ; and knowing ihat tht 
Ic^lions of lome (uch Araii|uarie 
felted in public^itions of good en 
be \T\ the hands of particular pe 
aredifliibuted amongll perfons by 
they arc not publicly known to b 
fefled ; I conceive it cannot jufl 
charged as a proof of ignorance 
enquirer, that, in his anxiety t 
hold on every pothble clue to mf 
tion, he (hould enquire tor the x 
fcnpts of Bjfhop Tanner. 

VVili R, S. afferr, that BifliopT 
had no MS Col Ie6\ ions, from 
the Notitia Monadica was com 
other I ban fuch as are now lodged 
Bodleian library } 

That R. S. alwayt thou^.hr, wi 



Brin(h Topographer, Bp. Tanner 
evf Q when poor, old| and blind, and Collections were in cji'c i^odleian 1 



1793-] Li^itr/rom Mr. Blort J on TznQtt\CMiff ions. — 5/. James? ag 



tf Oiford, would convince Tome people 
bedtd OQ^ think much when he wrote ; 
loTt llhould has<ird a Uugli from yf>ur 
retder& «t my owo expence, Mr. Urban, 
were I to tell thtm I thoui^hr twelve 
Dontht ago it rained in Derbyihirc iiitt 

Thofe who areanxiou*^ to fee an Hif- 
toiy of Derbyfliire would have nn great 
caufeof concern on that account, had 
' Bp. Tanner's CoMe£lious nevtr been 
Hide, or if they did not now exifl. It it 
lot roy defign to cite the authoiity of 
My piloted book, where the evidences 
horn which it appears to be complied 
are. acceHibte; and in the di(lri<Ms of 
Derbyihire, which are to be included 
in that part of the H»ftory of the County 
of Derby for which I am pltdged to the 
publick, there are no m^ttcrial proofs in 
Bp- Tanner that I fhoulH net have exa- 
mined as matters of courfe. 

1 do not defign to truft to any per- 
foo's extra6Vs trom records ; though, 
before I undertook the fliOory of Der- 
byihirc, 1 had a collection of (uch ex- 
tra£is, of no inferior kiud, taken by 
pe^fons well ikilled in records, and of 
^M^ hrai kn§mttUd^i% the latter a cir- 
cuir.itance very efl'cntial lo tiie under- 
^Ddiog of autitnt evidences. It has 
Dot been the fortune of Dnhylhire to 
be tnnch fpoken of in litciiry pubiica^ 
lionv Dy perftms polltircd of loci! kriow- 
1< fl t e, In tbt topox, rapbica I *uorks extin • 
Akf t'j the nvhitt kw^c/tm^ ib/re ts ho 
uuni) that bus rtiti'Ucei a mort Jcamty 
\inanci of attention, 

R. S. fccms dtfirous to eft<bii(h a 

fi<w kind of Review ; to which the 

{(ca;e(l fcverity cf all Rcvitvvcrb who 

biu preceded him would, by compari- 

foOf be merciful. His Review is of 

things unfcen ; and is like the fecond- 

%Iit of the people of Scotland, which 

precedes the firfl'. To condemn, cither 

direflly or indirc£tly, that of which we 

bavc no knowledge, cannot be called 

ignniaocel Let hi:n, who has bctn guilty 

of fuch conJcinuation, in his candour 

g'.ve i: a name; and permit me to in* 

duigc mylelf in the hope tii<it he will 

hereafter " moil candidly," and m his 

** mod linceie compalFion," corred the 

embrvo county hiftotians, not in his 

aD^^cr, iclt he biing them to nothi.ig. 

Thomas Bloru. 



the Elder is conftantly reprefented in 
the habit, and with the diftinguiihtng 
marks, " the cockle-hat and ftafF/' of 
a pilgrim. 

The reafon, why pilgrii*s themfelvet 
wore a cockle-fhtll on their hats, pro- 
bably was to denote their coming from, 
or their intent of travelling to, placet 
beyond the (ea ; the very name pUgrim, 
from pelleghnt, denoting a traveller 
from diOant countries. 

The dreli'es and chara£teri(lic attri- 
butes of faints have a reference to fome 
particular action of their lives, <-■ to 
the manner of thtir deaths; therefore, 
I am ltd to fuppoic thir^as this Apo^ie 
is faid to have travelled from Jcruf i!em 
into Spain, it may have been imagined 
that he ptrf< rmed this journey on foot, 
after the manner of pilgrims, and there- 
fore is reprefented in their hdbit. 

Another le^fon' may be fuggelied; 
which is, the great rcfort of pilgrims to 
CompolUlla, the fuppofed burial-place 
of St. James ; but this feemsto be no 
fufficient caufe why the (amt ihould be 
reprefented in the habit of thofe who 
vifircd his Ihrme. 

Kil^adcRcira being the only book on 
this |u!'Jl£1 which I hivc been able to 
coiifulr, m which I hdve found nothing 
fatisfrtC^ »ry, J (hall be much obliged it 
fome of your numerous and intelligent 
correipon Jcnu will favour me with 
their opinion. C. S, 



Mr. Urban, 



Clare, Jan. lo. 



Mr. Urban, J^n, 17. 

SEEING, in your Kul voiume, p. 
iic6, (otne enuuiriek ^iier fe^Haie 
filial^, |/ermic mc tt>aiK why St. James 



ISKNTyouin 1787, p. 789, a paper 
rcfpechng our antujuiiies at Clare, 
and then mentioned my intention of 
coniinuinj; the fubjc£i, which I have 
neg!(u^ed doing, having no authentic 
documents rcfpe£ling the building of 
our parifii-churchy which it a beautiful 
Aiu^iure, and without fome account of 
which any antiquarian hiliory of thit 
p'accmult be imperfedt; and my friend 
Mr. Walford having taken much paint 
to colTefl nonces of this place, I com* 
municated fuch as I poildTed to him. 
But, as an amtnule for not keeping my 
promifc, I have fent you a fmall anti- 
quarian fupply for the Gentleman'^ Ma* 
gazine. 

I. An cxa6^ fac fimile of a gold coin 
(platt Hi. Jig. 1.), the weight of it loi 
grains; it was dug up in the year 1787, 
m a tield called Mill-field, in the parilh 
of Haverhill, in this county, about half 
a mile North-Edfl of the middle of the 
principal Arctt i about hfty were found 
together ioofci but icemcd to have been 



30 Antiquities at Chxc. — Original Letter ft cm Dxigdzlc. ' [Jan. 
wrapped up in fomething which was fo falutz in frmi>. Come William in le Halle 



<!eca>e<l as not to be capable of bem^ 
dtrlcribed; the labourers who found them 
lb! d them to a tiadefman in Haverhill, 
>who difpofed of them all except this 
one. which Mr Kmg, the occupier of 
the fjrm where they were found, ob- 
tained fiom him; fomc of ihcm, he in- 
formed me^ were larger than this which 
wasprrfcTved; the labourers, 1 nm to!d 
by the fame auihoriry, rrceivti! forty 
guineas for them, f will venture no 



ticnf lie nou«;, par rotule Je notrtt court, un6 
p!.ice ^n notr* mrtrche de Clare, pt^dela 
mn:s on Waller Ahory, qne cont, enlongeur 
feizc (Metis, et en Lirs^eui* onze pieds, per le 
fervictJ dc qnater deuiers fer ann. pour Cow 
f^vices: f.tcUez nous avez acord^, en lie 
no 'Ire grace cfpecinle C(>ng^ doner aa dit 
Willinm, qiie il ptiiife en feofler ec changer 
de meifmeb la phice, William Sorrel, Johan 
de IVche, et Wiili^m le Slienperde, gardeini 
c'e b chanet : ic de nofliedanAe en Clare, haver 
el tcnir a eir: et a leurs {"ucccflbui's, gardeint 



con3<.-6lurc when or by whom the coins de la c'itechuijerie, de nous etde nous heires, 



trere flruck, as I have no co'lecli-^n of 
«oins, and but few liodks of ir.form:it;cn 
rn the fubjefV in my librr.ry ; pjliibly 
fomc correfpon ivi.t own in Torn* mc. 
2, You wi'l •AU't rtcrivf a cov of 



letters p^'.cnt g'^antcl by El«2.4l''.'(h dc 
BuJi^h, widow of Lionel, ttutte of C a 



pc" le fervicc de Ics av.mt ditzquafrc denten 

a toutrs temp«.. Kt aulli nom avnins cong^ 

done a les avan'z dctz William Sorrel, Johaa 

do I'trche, ct William le Shepperde, gardeins 

de la dite chat)cene noAre, qu'ils puiflent 

purchafcr la dite placci et ie dit Wilham en 

a Halle, \yev exctian^, tenir de nous et de 

, . . ,. ^r /^;'i. » nos lieeres, en le forme furdite, fauns eftre 

rcncc. ana rrand-dauahier ot (jmbrrt . , ' , ' , - 

. ;, '' ««. .1, chalanger, ou endamage, eux ouleursfuc- 

de Clare, giving permifiicn to !el! or ex- ^^n\,« n^.- none. «„ nm« 

change n fmall piece of giound, fitu.ite 
inhtr mtrket of CUre, with three pcr- 
ibns who arc: called j^uirdrins of her 
chancery in Clare, the feal of the chan- 
cery being affixed to itj but, fotne part 
of the wax being broken, only the re- 



mains of the quarterings of the Clare 
femily, viz. 3 chcvronels, and the earl- 
dom of Gloucefler, a crofs, can be 
made out; the imprcflion in the middle 
compartment is very imperfect, poilibly 
it may be the atchievement of the duke 
•f Clarence, whofe widow (he was. 

It exhibits a curious proof of the ab- 
furd affcftation of royal prerogatives by 
the nobles of thofe times j all the parade 
of royal letters patent are made ufe of 
by TLfuhjiBy high-born and highly con- 



cefTurs, per nous, ou nous beire*, per caufe 
de purchafe avante dite. En temoignage de 
quel chofe, a c«:.s lettres ouveres, avons mis 
n'>(\re feal. Done en noftre chaftel de Clare, 
le quinquieme jourde Mav, Tan du regne de 
nof^re feyn(>ur le roy Edward tiers, apres le 
con(|ueft vicesrime/' 

(StttheSeaij plate III Jig. ^,) 

I fend alfo a copy of a letter from 
Dugdale to Dr. Bjradye, maflerof Caius- 
college, CambridjE^e, refpe(^ing his Hi- 
ftory of England, and feveral other 
matters. J do not know it has ever 
been printed, and the original it in my 
poffeffion. 

** For my much hotmured FfioiJ Dr. Bradtk^ 
Mafier of Caius Collie, in Cambridge. 
*' Honour* D SU, 6 0£fobris^ 1684. 
" THOUGH it be above fix weeks fmce 



BeAed, to give a tenant of her honor.of •! did receive your book (which was left at 
Clare leave to exchange a place in the the Heraulds OflTice wheti Mr. King was 
market, fixteen feet long, and eleven 



vide, the rent of which is four-pence, 
with the guardians of her chancery as 
they arc termed; for this purpofe the 
Jirji ptffon plural is made ufc of; it is 
iient in our caflle of Clare, and the feal 
oi our charcery n affixed; however, it 
proves to tlie aniiqiury, that Clare pol- 
fcfl'cs thj grant of a maikct, which has 
been doubted ; that its noble owner, as 
Well as our gracious fovcrcign, held a 
ouurt of chancery^ and alio pui the 
great feal into comjnifTion j that the court 
was held at Clare; and th:^t, in 1347, 
the caliie, which will fcon ccafe to po(- 
("cfs a vcftfge of its fcrmtr confcqut-uce, 
was iuhibired by Elizabeth dc Jjui^h, 
dame dc Clare. 

^* As tt.vK ceiix q.ie ces letlrcs verront ou 
tfiiront, i,Uz..beUi uc huigW, dome dc CLuc, 



with Sir H. St. George, in v.fiting Cambridg* 
(hire) I could not heaiv t»U within thefe tea 
days ihkt it was fent from yoiu 1 therefore 
Dke this firft opportunity (i>y the coming up 
of my foil to London, he being an Herauld) 
to give you my hearty thanks for it. I have 
diligently read it over, aiul do finde it to be 
done with much iudgment us well as great 
paines, you having therein very cl.aily and 
amply manifef^ed what the words pcpufusg 
fUli fommumtaSf lihtti tcneuttiy and divcrS 
other, do truly meant^. all wh ch our male- 
volent Antinionarchifls wojld make the 
world believe, that they bearc aosither in- 
ttrpreUtiun. I afTure you, that I Ci.>j elteeiDe 
it an high piece of Tcrvice to his M.Vtie and 
the governmentj and I doubt not bu^ it will 
be fo valued by all learned men that are 
loyal I. 

'* I here is one thing wherein ynu are 
mlAaken (as are many more bodie?) yoMrlelf. 
Towards the eiul of the book, fi>rAk>ng of 

lUt 



(I b«ing entered upon die 8oth jenre of mf 
age) I rcfolve to keep tieie this winter ; if it 
lie in my power to fcrve ynu in any thing, 
if vou dire^ a letter to roe nt the Herauldft- 
ofiice in London, niy f<oa being there wiU 



1793.} Of/fiW I*rt/r/r<?m piigdalc-^Elizabcthan Liiiers, 31 

that lemied and excellent book, intituled, 
Smnfamffa Rfgum Majejiai^ vmi atuibute it 
to the late Arcbbiihop of Armagh, as th« 
aoihor diercof } the two lettertj. A. fuh- 
fcribed to its . detricatino, having been hy 

Bttoyjodgd to ^^n\ty% yacohm ^4tmacbAfutu foon convey it to me. 
The book, I afliirc 700, was written in Ox- " So heartily wiihing yoii good heahh, 
brd, and there firft printed in the time of hoping to fee your uext vohime out thi« 
the late Ufurpntion j I was there all th.»t terme now at liand, 1 reft your mod " 
tine, and knew it full well, and that a moft 
kvned man of the Scattiih nation wa< au- 
to* of it. His name was Max%veU, he had 
teen fiifbop of Ri^e in Sco'land,' hut then 
was Bp. oi KillaUa in Ireland, in Latino 
Zftfnfmi jfOIadenfis^ Car fo it is called in thnfo 
lurned fiifquifitions written by Sir *Jaifut 
ie H/hcrnJa et jlnti^itatibus ejut, p. 76, fo 
that J A. ftamlS for Jolannef yilladenfit. 
He n-.'is a perfun much of ^o.ir ftature, but 
iumewtiat noore fqu.ire, ami wore a very 
larjic henrd, cf a browne coUMir and broad. 
£e confident that rhis man was the .-lUthor uf 
it, for th.cre are many yet living who know 
it as well as my feif. . a true one. 

't 15 no ncjv thing to fee how current a letter uou^d encroach too nauch on the 



Cionate friend, and very humble feryant, 

''William DuooALt. 
<« BhthehJl, mmr CoUfiill, fTarwiek/Hm,* 

Tours,.&c. Thomas RvoQLflt, 



Mr. Urban, Jiut, 17. 

I STRONGLY fufpeatbefrenulnenef^ 
of the origimmi letters to Queen EH* 
caheth, LXII. 1071 '^. There is acopy 
of the fecood in Hakiuyt's Principal 
VoyR{;es and Difcoverics of the Eogiifh 
Na^ivn, prinred in 15S9, which, the au« 
thor living at the time, I doubt not t% 
To tranfcribe the uhole 



u 



vulgar report, though erroi.eous, paffeth in 
ttie u-:)rld ; as was that of Humplircy Duke 
•f Glouceller, who wa&.a>mmon'y favd to 
beb\ir)ed in St. PauKs dthtiliai! in l^m- 
drn» in the South ifle of the body of th;tC 
church^, the tombe of Sir John BeauchnmiHS 
(:i y<;upger Ion tci^tbe J. ail of Warwick) 
bring tiikcn for his tombe, thou?;h he ii^ili 
buried in the ahby church of St. Aib:<n*s, as 
ai^peareth by his monumei:t yeC rem:>yning 
there. 

'* Likewife that fixccUem pclure in ih.e 
Trivy Cillery at Whitehall n:*aic lUe cIimu- 
*cy ; it ii coin'onl* t.ikcn for K. Hen; y VII 1/ 
rliliog in ftaie mlo BuJ/f'-Jw (h-s join- tli ther 
being in the 36th yeare ofhi^ tcigne) whereas 
in truth it if his riding into Ghiincs, in the 
lath year of hisreigne, lu ori'er to his in- 
terview with Frances the firl> A' <-/ Frtutie, 
who was then at Ardes -, .md the uirei view 
ID the middle way betwixt :hefo two plicts. 

*• From an en<Mici.»us concript of fc^me 
uittait la^^'yen, 1 O.ippofc, therefore, it is, 
that many of that profciUon do IiuM tlat 
Wiiram Diike of Normindy made no con- 
queJ^ here (though he flew K. Haiohl in 
fcanle) as Mr. Petty and tlmfe of \u> pack 
would have it, for I finde that Sir Edward 
Littleton, the Sol citor, in his argument 
ag^nft Mr. lluifipdtn in that cole of the Jlip- 
mnnty mfitively affirms as mnch^, and fo 
d'>th ATa. Hull&nu (a le^ri.ed lawyer, ;iftcr- 
wards idto the Lte King's bohcKir) in his 
atguroeot for the fame per Con txprcfsly, 
Che l:ke dt'th the Lord Chief Rarou Daven- 
port in hit argtiment f . 

**Sir, fimhog the cole-fmoakc ay re of thy p.i[»s 
Londcn fo definitive to my health in winrcr 



plan of your Mi.*ccll.?ny ; therefore £ 
fliall give only the lirft p^ra^riph, and 
luo l^ft lines, you liAvlhi; mfcrted no 
nwTf. Ha'^loyt tlus pr-.r.\ci : 

" The ktcers fv.nt fiom tin: fmperiall 
Mufulmarlik.* IIi;;!.i.cffrt / Z.A/.i Mural 

Q^uene uf /j.ngl^nd, the t:ftcc:.!li cf Marcii^ 

'• hi rjituiiifirc r.nd ^\ •♦:€ mod renowned 
T'Jz:ihcr!i, n.. ll ^ rrcd <^e?ijc, .ind nob^c 
piir.ce ot il;c n;-^it mtj-.'vie xvotOuppera of 
Jtfui, molt \\\*'.: ?c.viv or of tl:c cuuies a:ul 
.TfJ.iier. of thf peep!.' .ind b.mihe of Nazt- 
r^lli, ll:c cIjik: oi r">ft pls:il"..nt ra'P.'-s and 
Ivveetelt foiir.tainc ot iiohlei:el^c tUid vf nn*', 
hulie and heiic uf the prr])etu«il happiiiflle 
and glnrie of the n<i^ie ic.ilmeof hngln'd 
(ul-.om ;«!1 fortvs fi*ci:c ir.io aii'l iubmit 
thcmlVivcv) uc willi uit-il piofp rc:i:sfuc- 
cettc atul h.!ppic ciid-s to .M your aclions, aihl 
wc ortci V'WUt yt>u I'u-h p'.i-.:Uircs ;U)d curlc- 
fief :»s are w 01 thy of our mutuull and cicr- 
rail f.inuii.aVic : ihvis ending (as bell bc- 
feemttli wi) uwv fiamer (a'.'jtati«)iis. 

" Gjvejt at o.ir citicof Conftjiitinoplc llitf 
fifteenth c'ay of March, and in the ye.rc of 
our mod holy prophc: Mn'.iomct f 9 ^7." 

1:.\ i..;AB.D. 



FuiEND Urban, 



'^fbe 1 lib Day ^f 
:tr \j\ l\hnth. 

WHliRK WHS tliinc uiu.»l rtipr.Cl 
foi morahrv rtnd ici4'i«>n, when 
W. S. OddyS Ode j»<»t «dnuirK)n into 

We live in du'i 



1135? 



* Aooals, K. James and K. Charles 1. 
fenced A' 1681, p. 5«i* 
f Ibid* p. 59S. 



♦ Oui coi refpLiii»!cr.t i: probabl) right ; 
but wc (ju Htluie h:m il'-y v. ore printed 
from MS3 of the tiizahcthim age. Ldit. 

I With us like ycaj- 1^79, 

where! a 



32 Jin Antidotu^^Mr. Michael Godfrey.— 3fr. Pinkerton. [Jan. 



urbereiD fuch leflbns are not needful; in 
days wherein prof^ane men feein too 
iruch inclined neither to fpare the blood 
of each other nor their ou-n. 

However, if thou wilt allow me fo 
to do, 1 wo'ild tell W. J. Oddy, in thy 
next monthly vehicle of information, 
that verily it is courageous and brave to 
defy death 9nly in a good C3ufe ; in fuf- 
fering our lives to he taken from us by 
violence, in defenceof the authority and . 
glory of him who alone can t^ive life, 
and for the open and free piotelfion of 
the gofpei of his kingdom, preached in 
the world by Chrilt : and that it is but 
'cowardice and an impatient pufilUni> 
miry, or downright infanity, that can 
impel man to lay violent hinds nn him- 
felf, merely to evade the evils and for- 
rows of a life, which, without fuch 
means, mull fpeedily come to an end : a 
cowardice and pufilianimity which ge> 
Derail y flow from the baneful fources 
of ignorance, libertinirm,and infidelity. 

In hopes, friend Urban, that thou 
wilt, by infcrting thii *, repair the 
fcandal gi^'cn, not to me alone, by the 
adraitlion of the above mentioned pro- 
fane ode, I remain thine, 

Obadiah Waitwell. 
*«^ ff^ /^nj( CoRMUBicNtis. Edit. 

Mr. Urban, ^an, to. 

IN the pocket-book of an old relation, 
of the family •f Sir tid'TionJbury 
Godfrey, 1 hnd this memorandum : 

** 1695. Wediiefilay, July 17, rny deare 
nephew, Michael Godfrey, wa* fl'»i'ie in the 
trenches before Namcv.r by a c.uioii-ihott 
ncare King WiP.iaiirs perfon, the fame (hott 
afterwardcs t:;king oft a Ou'cm hcu'cnrint- 
collonel :> arme. God f.Ai-uuc (his levcre 
difpcnfation to all ivLted to l.ini ! My a- 
bovcLiide iieare nephcv. Mi. Michafl God- 
frey, w.iS borne (»ii a Miuidr/, Neei:)g the 
2id FcbiTHiry, i'»cS, a»i(nit 7 a i-loctc in the 
morning ; foe tliat whc:i l;e w:i.. fi linc by a 
Ihcfl from w dr^ke, at the f:ege olf Namur, 
l>e wys ar,Ctl 36 ycai-b, 4 nion'.hf, and 25 
c!:tyes, bccing a ptifon off as grcti p:ej- 
lunt parte, off as cleere, lo'.id, t'ccpc 
judgement, and off a» mucti linccrity, honor, 
and integiiiy, as any genrleman that encr 
w:Uked on the Lxclnsp-.e (»lf Lt;nJ<'n ; to 
whole intJcfi*tig;ible iiululli y and in^enDons 
contrivance the Bancke of I'.ni^Iand chiefly 
ou'cs iti ci\ahluhmt.nt." 

* We gljii.iy infcit this Ic'tcr. — In the 
hurry of a j-;ibLicaiit>n like y^wt^^y employing 
fo mi'ich tinie iin^ fuch vacoits hands, com- 
P'.jfU'oni' will fimiHimes un^iviMdaMv Ileal in, 
the t^ «.'ency < f which, t>n c u* fu'. examina- 
tkxi, vvc may nut allugvther appiuve. £di t. 



The preceding article having excited 
mycuiiofity; I have fince found that 
the fol lowing epitaph was placed in Sr« 
Swiihin's church, to the memory of the 

fame perfon : 

** P. M.S. Near this place lies interred > 
the body of Michael Godfrey, mer- 
chant, late of tliis parilb, fon of Mr Michael 
Godfrey, merchant, and Ann-Mary his 
wife; he was born the izd of Februaiy, 
1 658 ; being elefled the firft Deputy-governor 
oflbe Hank of England. He went for Flan- 
ders on fome imponant buHnefs reUting to 
the ferviceof his Majefty, where attending his 
royal pei fon, then encamped before Namur, 
he wa55 flain by a cannon-hall from the works 
of thcbefiege^i, J'lly 17, 1695. He died a 
batchelor, much lamented by all' his friends, 
rel.itions, and acquaintance, for bis integrity, 
his knowledge, and the fweetnefs of Iiis 
manners: his body was brought over, and 
lies buried near his father. His forrowfoL 
mother ciufed this monument to be erected 
to the pious memoiy of her beloved fon. 

The God of Battle found in foreign parts 
The fon of Hermes, fam'd for peaceful arts { 
And thought itla\\'ful prize to take his blood, 
Becaufc fo near a Warrior King he ftood." / 



Yours, &c. 



M. Green. 



Mr. Urban, Dtc, 26, 179s. 

MK. PINKERTON, in his rcctnt 
publicatitm of •* Scottilh Poems," 
halving infcrted ** a metrical romance, 
called f by himfelf] Sir Gavam mtiii Sir 
Calaron of Gaiio^vny, copied," he faytf 
many ytars ago, by n learned frieKd, 
fron^ a MS. bclt>ogin^» H) Mr. Bavnes, 
of Gray's Inn ;" both j^r^ritude and juf* 
tice to the memory "f this much«eltec- 
mcd and lamented younc nian req^uire 
me to intorm the pub.ick, th..t the copy 
co-nmunicattd to Mr. Pinkciton was 
(to all appearince) lurrcptitioufly ob- 
tained; and that n)thin^r, 1 ^m well 
convinced, could have given I^Ir. Baynes 
more uncafmeU than ^tn idei that either 
his MS. would be printed, or even hit 
na TIC mentioned, by Mr. PinkeMon. 
* The MS. being, ihi(»uiih Mi.B-iynes'i 
goodnef>, in my poffcfli'-n, Mr. Pinker* 
ton, by means of his ** {earned friend," 
api'li-'d for my conlent to its publica- 
tion j v^hich, having myftlf an inten- 
tion to publiih it in a collc£tiun of luch 
iirmi»s, jind af^uilly tranfcribed it for 
ihnt p»irpofc in Mr. Bivnes's life-time', 
I conlctjuently refuled. Mi. Pinkcr- 
ton's ** learned friend" allowed my 
rtafon ro .be fatisfa^ory, and atfured 
mc It Ihouid not be printed. M^ 
PinkcrtQii| howeveri to whom mv're. 

'(afal 



I)53«J f^* C3eciJla«-^/A//w ^/len Afcun^-^EarJom of CafBlM. 33 



InfiJ was comrannicatedy has thought 
ic to giTe this afluraoce the lie, hy 
nriotiojg; a copy which hit "learned 
meod*' declares he "never ronfidcred as 
lit for thai prefs.*' i-J, RiTSON. 



I 



Mr. Urban, 7^- 7- 

t joa have no better account fent 
joQ, it may perhaps fat'ufy EusEiItA 
flee p. 25) by a reference to your vol. 
LIII. p* 6351 where the legend of St. 
Cecilia is given from Sir John Hawlciofy 
whofe authority is Ribsdeoeyra's Lives 
of the Saints. The 6gure of this mull- 
callady is alfo there engraved ; and i: is 
obferred that fhe is uliiaily rcprefented 
u * tayine either on the organ , or the 
harpt aiid fometimes on the regiU. I 
may add, Mr. Urban, lYifvioUn alfoi 
ind my authority is a fmalL figure on 
painted glafs in the mufeum of Mr. 
Fowkc, of Elmefthorp,in Leicederihirei 
of which you have herewith an accu- 
rate delineation. M. GR££N. 



Mr. Ui B AW , Cambridgi, Jan, 8 . 

THERE are few of ihofc mutilated 
fcrapt of Latin, (lyled moctos, but 
will admit of a multiplicity of conft ruc- 
tions. Like conundrums, ^heir chief 
merit feems to confift in their obfcuriiy. 
1 am tolerably expert at difcqvcring the 
fccret meaning, or concealed point, of 
Riddles, Rebufei, or Cherards ; but 
roottos, I coofefs, generally puzzle mc. 
Though ivell verl'ed in the Latin Ian- 
guage, I am frequently under the nc- 
ceflity of torturing the fcnfe inro oon- 
feafe, or giving up the point entirely. 

When Edmund Ludlow, the ctle- 
brated republican, retired to Vcray, in 
Switzerland, he is faid to have aitixcd 
the following motto to his threfliold : 

Omme foium forti pntria, quia patris. 

Every fcboolboy cab tranilatc the 6f(l 
period of this fentence ; but there is a 
myfierious fomething in the Utter part^ 
!n the quia patris^ \\\m baffles all my 
(kill in conundrum ling; unltfs by this 
v,-ealthy pater ^ who pf.ir;.li*cd omne fo- 
iam, he would trace back his ptdigcce 
to Adam himfelf. What aie we to 
under fland ? From its obfcurity,' I am 
induced to imagine that its benuty, 
when oncedifcovered, muft be particu- 
larly ftriking. But it requires more 
than a microfcopic genius at once to 
develop^ thefe concealed perft£)ions. 
Before I took up mv pen, i had been 
tun*ing« twiftih^, nnd torturinjr, every 
1) liable, a fhouiand difi'crent ways, and 

Gesit. MaQ. jMnarjy 1793. 



have nearly thumbed my poor Ainf* 
worth to atoms, that I. might difcover 
fome obfolete or latent fienification fat 
each particular word. The clouds of 
ignorance, however, in fpite of all my 
perfeverance, Teemed rather to gather 
than difporfe ; and I refolved to reqtefl 
fome more enlightened genius to aflift 
me, through the channel of your Mif* 
cellany. But the light of reaion has ac« 
cidentally prevailed— >has, I think, burft 
through every nebulous obfcuritv— -and 
fcarcely left a mift remaining. May we 
not thus deduce his meaning ? *' God 
is the acknowledged Father of all| the 
world itfclf is at nis difpofal." Ludlow 
cettainly entertained thofe Republican 
principles Co prevalent at the prefenc 
period, and was a (Irong advocate for 
thofe natural rights of roan which 
would conBne the prerogative of inheri- 
tance to no indivir^ual, but would make 
a general and e(]u':il diAribution of pro- 
perty the great Aandard of national and 
political juftice. From a conviflicn of 
the p-opricty of this meafure, might ht 
not be fuppofed to fe^l every country 
merely as a part of one geneiat whole, 
of which every exifting being is a na» 
tive. If this idea is not too remotely 
fought, and our original premifes are 
true, his meaning feems to be at length 
difcovercd. Thcfc obfervations may, 
froin the multiplicity of your readers, 
find fome one snore expert at thefe in* 
▼eRigations than myfelf. If this fliuuld 
be the cife, any rew opinion, or any 
plaufibic objcfl.on to this, will be 
thankfully received by ^« 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 16. 

THK information which you havo 
infvrted m the Obituary of your 
la A volume, p. 1157, tlut the peerage 
of Calfilis has dtvolved on a Mr. Pater* 
fon, IS erroneous Could an heirgene* 
rai have fuccetrdcd tu that anticnt dig* 
nity, it would now have been virtually 
funk in the fupcrior title of the prelent 
duke of Ci2ccii(buiy, »*ho, when earl 
of M^rch, llfcntioudv aifcrted a claini 
to it. But the JouruaU of the Hou(a 
of Loid«, January a;, 176I9 contaifi 
the following judgement: 

" k i<^ aJjtkfged by the lords fpiritual aild 
tempor.^% in parli:(meiH affemMed, and da* 
dared, thnt fir Tlionta:; Kaone«ty has a righa 
and title to the dignity of earl of Catfilis, as 
trir malt defcemfed of the body of D .vid, 
the firft earl of Cnir^lis) and alfo h.u a rl^ht 
and kUe totha dignky of lutJ Kefice^y, ^ 



?4. Comforiahle StiuatUn ^f Englijb Day-Lahunn in ginerah [Jan. 
eir maff, clffcended of the Wcxly of Gilbert, 
the firft loni Kennedy/* 

By the rule of fucccfTjnn, thus fj'emn- 



Does the gentleman not recoiled our 
m^^nv county and other hofpitals— K>ur 
numocriefs donations and other charita* 
ble idftirutions for their relief through- 
out the kingdom ? Is he unacquainted 
with the innumerable ways of getting 
money uhich labouring men in England 
can have rccouife to? He mentioot 
flightly the m^nufa^uring towns; and 
in a manner, I am forty to fay, which 
feems to give a hint to the country la- 
bonicrSy to tribal and mutiny, as fomc 
of the oih-rs have done. But does he 
know what wages the workmen can cara 
in thofe towns ? what multitudes even 
of ihcir Iirtic children find employment? 
how manv d:iys in each week thefaibert 
often fpcnJ in ale-houfes, in confe- 
quence of their getting high waers when 
thcv will work ? Has he jcver informed 
himfeif of the comfort in which fuch of 
A Shire of Ayr Man. their families live, where the men a^t 

diligent and fober? Even as to the 
country, he feems not to know^ or not 
to have confidered, thealmoft infinite 
variety of employments in which the 
labours of the poor are required, aDd 
handfomely paid for. Is it necdiTary to 
mention the cloathing trade, which finds 
work for men, wonr.en, and children? 
the iron trade, which employs not only 
the men retained at the various worksy 
but multitudes of others, in mining, in 
cutting, cording, and coaling of wood; 
and in the providing and carriage of all 
its matetials? the coal-woik*.-rs in the 
different parts of the kincjdnm? the na- 
vigators of our rivers ? Befides all thefe, 
it is to be confideicd, what y^ll numbers 
are c?ntifn]ally drawing off from the 
country Co (he manufacturing towns^ to 
the metropolis, to the fervice of noble- 



]y c(labli(hcd, Capi;»in Arrhib^ld Ken- 
nedy, noiv (be heir male f»f that noble 
Jioufe, happ'ly for the county of Ayr, 
faccecds to its honors and cdate, which 
will be very confijerably auj^mented, 
not only by hii own exicnfive propcity 
in America, bnt by ihc other cftatc* in- 
herited and acquired bv'thc t\vo prccc* 
ding earls; the lart of whom built, on 
the grand fituarion a: Cubyeau, com- 
iDAnding a view of the Wcflcrn-occan, 
and various greit larl o!\ie^s, a mag- 
nificent caQte, in the G. thic flvlf, which 
is one of the fincft pieces of flone raa- 
fonry in Gre^t Britain. The prcfent 
earl was a capta n in the royal navy ; and 
his fon, lord Kennedy, is an officer in 
the army. Yours, &c. 



Mr. Urban, Jan, 3. 

PERMIT me to fend you a few ob- 
fL;r:.4tons v,!,ich h^vc occurred on 
reading a p^per, p^'jlilhcd in your mif- 
cellany for October hft, on ** the pre- 
ftnt ftrttc of t':e day-labourcis in ihc in- 
tei-ior parrs (^f Entiland.** 

I would willingly allow to the \'riier 
the btft of int« ntions^that he has a 
charit^iblc m'nd, which f'.els for, and 
V. ill.cs to iticve, the cifili tilts cf his 
J'l-liow-crcat'jits. • 1 ho' e ^!fi> for the 
f^^nc f^ivjuiablc fcr.iimtiiis its caiulidly 
fi'Tii him. 

But furely it is a miflakc, in ihef* in- 

i!;;nim;jtory tin.ts, to txrii^ftrdtc thcfuf* 

'lerirj'^of tlic yr^orj tf> .tpjtllnt rhem 

as beinj^ in n condition ** nearly as op- 

prtflivc'* as thit of the Ficnch under 



Louts XV; to ir>enrion the <'>(!^ii:e of men and (!fntlemen, and to the fea^ who 
his ,mini(Vcr8 (v J ether .r(.:i!!y v;iven or arc all wtll paid. 



to ktep hi"; pror poor, that they 
ir.ight be biou^ht 10 ** bite at his ani« 
tnunttion-brc.^d." 

Such as th*^ has lately been the Jan- 
l^iage of fedition, even in England, cir- 
cuiaied to didur'y the minds of the 
lower clnties, ?r.d <!tludc them to for- 
get that they are happy . We have here, 
Mr. Urban, no farmers-gencr;?- — no mi- 
Jiifters who appear to jr've fuch advice. 



But, above all, the great number of 
canals now making almoft every where 
have removed all pretence of complg?nC 
fiom the labouring poor of tbisflourilh- 
ing and bappy kingdom. • 

1 wonclct where your correfpondeDf 
lives; for be overlooks the hirdfhips of' 
the farmers, tf^>ecially in our tillage- 
c> untied, as weli during the tate bud 
h4rveft,.o}^'ing to (he want of hands, as 



TVe have nothing which can vdmit of thnt fince they caonor, for the fiine te^* 
comp^rifon with tyranny, opprtHion, or fon, in many places, get rhtir'cciin 



defpoiifm. Never did any age or coun- 
try Icfs than ours dtferve to be charged 
wuh /cver'ty, or want of regard and 
tbariiy for the poor. In no p.*rr of the 
habitable woild have they folicilc caifc 
ttf complaint* 

3 



thraHicd out. He does not feem to per- 
ceive that it is upon the til lage< farmer 
the h^irdihip now falls, and not uponthv 
labourer. 

Agriculture, Sir, is diflreffed at this 
time, .bo.h by the waaCcif hands to do 

the 



I793-] CmfiriahU Situaii$n of Englifi Day-Labimrers in gimrah 35 



tht iccdrarj work» ftad by the extra* 
Tiganceof wages* Will this be doubt- 
edy when it if koown what multitudes 
tbefecaBalt and the railways employ, 
and that the wages now piid there t\> 
conmon labourers is iifhdlings a \%eek 
per man? 1 fay now, when the days 
ire at the (horteft. 

But this gentleman's poor neighbours, 

it fecms, hdve no more than 6' (hillings, 

tad a family of four perfons (two of 

tlicm little children) eat 9 (hillin^&.in 

bread. I will not aik him how thcv can 

k»Te this bread to cati but I mut^ ob- 

ierve, that, if they cannot have meat to 

Bel p it out, they may, if induOiious, 

nife potatoes, and other vegetables, 

which would reduce the confumptinn of 

bread one half, and coab!c ihcm to luy 

I little meat. 

1 defire leave to recite a cafe in my 
turn. 

lalfoam 91 old m:)n. J ^^ell remem- 
ber the year 1740, which (ucccericd the 
bard wmter, and when the price of 
wheat was 10 ihi!!in}:;s, and half a j^ui- 
nea, a bufliel. There was then hving 
in my panfii a fmart little fellow, \v)io, 
with his wife, died fome few veats fince. 
They bad at that time ten children, the 
eldcA of whom was too little to get any 
thing. I remember them very wcilj 
they all looked healthy and frefli, like 
rofes in June. This man was then cm- 
ployed in cutting cordwood, at the 
dillance of four miles from hit habiu- 
tion. He could not afford to pay for a 
lodging out, fo ne walked the four miles 
every morning, and returned home at 
night. The price of his work was one 
ibilling the cord; he cut ten cords per 
wftcki and he bred up his children to 



my hippincfs, in that I fee every where 
the calo very much •"therwifc; nnd that, 
in the circle of mv ohfeivationi throi);;h 
fever^l counries, I never perceived lefs 
flpnc^irancf of cViflrcfs in the loweftclafs 
of pcor.je. I well recollect many years, 
long fince tl.c hard winter, when pro- 
vifions were dcnr as now, when the 
wages were every where low, when the 
poor were rilinp, or ready to rife, thronph 
mere wr.nr, and when the granaries, th« 
ftorehrufes, and the corn-vcfTels in the 
rivers, wer? in continual apprehenAon 
of h( ine; plundered. 

Th^nkGod. nothing of this is, or ii 
liktiy to he, th^ cafe at prcfent. Buc 
if the gentleman is difpofcd to give his 
beef, he may find canting people ready 
enough to tell him a dilmal tale of 
dnielles, which they either do not, or 
nted not, feel. He niuft, however, 
havr obfrrved very little, to be made 
believe, that one man, one woman, and 
two little children (one of tlum at the 
breal)), can eat a bufiiel of wheat evcrf 
wctk. 

J join with him very freely in cenfu- 
ring the favage cruelty of many farmers 
and rulers of pirifli-meetings, whocartf 
not how they fquceze the wrc'ches that 
<tre fo unhappy as to Aand in need of 
their allowance. Some perfons will in 
all countiits he reduced to poverty and 
diftrefs. Age and ficknefs mud often 
want fupporr ; but, acct>r<lin^ to tiiis 
wr.rei's own account, the liws of lilng* 
land have done all they can for themi 
They have every where magiftratcs to 
apply to, who can order them immedi* 
ate relief, without w^iiing fora meeting 
of jtillices, and wuo arc a continual 
check upr)n their unfeeling overfeersj 



lie all men and. women (though one of at.d wc {\:t that thr terror or the King's 



ihcm became, when young, amirciaulc 
crippie), without troubling ^he pai.ih 
fur a fmgle penny. 1 do not give vou 
my oath, Mn Urban; but, it called 
upon, I can produce full evidence of 
thefc fads. 

lo the (iime woods the price of cut* 
ting IS now eighteen- pence a cord. 

1 own my felt much at a lois to com- 
prehend how the window-tax (tht'U^h 
a heivy burden on the community in 
gcccraly CdO,i»ire£i the poor ; as no houles 
p^y moic cli«o 3 IhilUngs if the win- 
dows an.ount noi to 7 i and, if Icl's than 
3, pay nothing. 

But 1 muU condole with tli« gentle* 
man, i^ as he lays, the [Kor around 
hiui pp^ar with cadavcMiPS coumc- 
naoctk. 1 for my pau acknuwicdi^e 



Bench h^^^sovcrand keeps thcminawe* 
'rh««t Mary ISaldwin, with her pariih 
pay of 14 or 18 pence a week (for it is 
not quiiL' ckar which it i») (houtd be 
rc<lorcd rt> the necelfiiy of living upon 
poiiard and greafe for a whole winter, 
appears very furpriting to me, who, I 
thank Got), never heard of any thing 
like this Inpjjcnin!; witi'in my know- 
led^c. If Ihc IS a pcrfon of irreproach« 
able character, her lot has fallen in a 
nuill unfoitunatc fiLuation. Inhere are, 
1 hnpe, in mod parilhes, fome humanq 
perfcins leadv to help out the panfli pay 
to Inch of their ptjor as ate in real want. 
F»i my own put, 1 think this an tk6t 
of the moil ctit^iin charity I can do; 
fr:r 1 own and approve Dr. JohnfonH 
c.axim, as to thiv virtue of charity, 

tbaty 



3 b Tbi Lifi of Bijhop Warburton nfpi&futij mfiniftr. t J 

tliir, " If thoughilellly done, we roav 
l!eglc£^ the mod de(ervingobje£is; and, 
as every man has but a certain portion 
to give, if it is laviihed upon thole who 
firft prefcnt theinfclve^, there may be 
nothing left for thofe who have a better 
claim." 

The poor-rates are a very heavy tax, 

and greatly a^efi rlic hufb^ndmaii. It 

cannot be confiHent with law or juftice, 

that thofe who are able by any means to 

fupport themfeives (hould live upon the 

fubfiance of others. It U too much in 

the fpiri^of the vulgar to live idiy, and 

to throw themfeives waotonly upoi) their 

pariih. The natural conrtqueoce is, 

Seventy and want of compaf&ou in ihofc 

vho are to pay, and who are olten as 

vulgar and illiberal as the vileft of the 

poor. 

That thefc rates might be eafily re- 
duced, and yet the real poor every where 

much better provided for, by proper re- 

gul;)tionv, 1 have not any doubt. I 

could give you a hil^ory of the manage- 
ment of a panlh 1 xvell know, which 

vould prove thi^ ; and which, if imi 

taud tbroujih the kingdom, would e- 

qually remove the complaints of the 
par iih< payers, hiu^ of the neretruous 
poor. Bi't Ihavc Ai.cady tyttndrd tlicle 
obfervauons bey o no i!". *>(.un«i6 i dc< 
figotd. * blMPLlClUS. 

*l^* St* vol. LXII />. 1195— -•/» Mr. 
THlCKNfSSr, ti>f JVriter cf thf Qrigh:al ur:i- 



no more ; but we have reafon to czpcflt* 
from feme recent attemptf* that iht 
controverfy may be rcTived, and tht 
wildnefs of paradox, as it hat bc«« 
called, again be combated with all tliv 
biiterneis of his living adverfariet* 

Among this tribe of aflailadts^ fomc 
admirer may a rife of a learned prelate 
lately dcceafed, between whom, and tbc 
late Bifiiop of GtouceOer, a perfottal 
difpute was carried on fur fome timci J 
and continued^ perhaps on both fidea*. 
with too gteat acrim- ny.' In the laft 
reply of the Biibop of London, ihera 
was an obf'cure intimation, that the great 
argument for the Divine Legation waa 
convertible; and fome enemies of Bilbop 
Warburtou have intimated (whether 
U(H>A that auihoiity or not) that he had 
declared he was ii) piilfeHi^hf of thistwo« 
fold inllrumeni, in utrum^iu paraiuu 
to build up or to demohlb. This, if it 
were not 'too extra\agant to btcreditedy 
might be the raoic einbarraffing to aft 
, advocate, fiom the diiTiculty of difpro* 
ving to iitvtdu)U:k MO infmuatfon. But 
the argument for iiie Divine LegatioBy 
how no\cl focver it might appear at 
Brit, has now ilood its ground for lb 
mat^y years, and is every day gaming 
fo tirni an citabliihment, that it will 
not be in the po^ver of any mafked or 
open battel y to flinke it. iBeAdet, th# 
imputation of ih)> duplicity is fuch ail 
iniult to tne chara6ier of that venerably 



•#//, /i«ow;»mo'<', NoF^LJE Swr «aERtwV/ fic'.ate, who, by the confeflion of 08« 



fxcujt our puttiifg an tnd to the juljt^ 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 4. 

WHEN a learccd PieUie VuUliilicd 
ht& Ijte edition of Bifhop War- 
burton's wdrks, tlic Ineiarv world were 
eager to fee a more pcrle6> account of 



«vNo lus proved himfeif no friend to bit 
loidfliip's memory, both lived and died 
in ttte pvofetfion of that faith which bo 
had io ably fuppoitedt thit the abfur- 
diry of the calumny, from the intrinfift 
evidence of the woik, defeaii itfalC 
Toe hiOiop of GiouceAer ftands in 



that great man than the pub'uk i.ad )er no need ot panegyiic i his works are bit 
been favouird with, andfr.intta per- ' " r«. « 



fbn m(»A cap.it)!t of doinc julivc to his 
mimory. in a Ihoit prdacc, the tdiit r 
in.imates fome apology for iti omillioiii 
and the candid rtadtr will e<iliiy adn>it, 
that there may be ample rcalous to juU 
t;fy the delay. But, as it is the prujer 
of every one who knows his lordlKtp, 
that i,\\t event, vhich, it is feared, is 
t^ precede that publication, may be long 
deUrred, his lordlhip will not be iur- 
pnaed, that the ardour of expectation is 
Sn fomcmealure damped by thi> lufpcnle. 
It i» caly to forefce, that a hoft of 
nibbling opponents wilt Iwarm, like 
wafp>, to t6«d on io luxurious a tre^t 
•s Bp. Warburton will afloid them. 
McA of his foimci antdgonifu are now 



belt encomium. The (Irength of hit 
imat^ination, t!ie wonderful extent of 
li's erudition, the accuracy of his au* 
thv'iit:c:>, ar.d the folidity of bis reafon* 
ing, .re now To generally allowed, that 
the more deeply his argumcmt ate 
leaiclied, the more approved arc hit 
conJufions; or rather (as approb«itioa 
is too feeble for the cife6l) the more bit 
readers are aflonilheu at the powers of 
hi:> mind. That ketnnelt of wit, and 
Icvcrity of expieiOun, with fome trifling 
inaccuracies, which the nicer ciitict 
object to him, did we not live in an a^c 
when the elegances of ftyleaie more ai- 
leudtd to than truth and elevation of 
fentiuienr, b.nd been overlooked in the 
lofiiucr« %ii his ideaSi the coergv and 

copiuutuefi 



1793.] Tht Lifi 9/ Bijb9p Warburton rtfpiO fully wifi>iif9r. 37 

MpMNifiicft of his language^ the depth objc£V of ambition to be, and to con* 

of bU relcarchet, and the force ef his tinuV, True Britons. 

Mndiotts, Thofe little impcrfeAiont, v^. - .x. t. o. t ^^ 

,^.r,ha.ehadchisUle«ra,thathi. F^^^^p^S^iS^^^^ 

wmiags. owing to the exceffiTedeh- 5nk or chfe exclufiTcly. For, thcigh onr 

ttcyof our taftc, added to our abhor- countiv, abhorring the dead level of Equa- 

rcDCa of every %vork that requires pa- lity, bi«ftt the ornament and the utility of 

tieac thinking, are Icfs generally read, various rank!«, by their gradation hukUi^ 

But with the truly learned, to whom forth the faireft prize for emulation, the moft 

daiy they are adopted, and who, ubi lafting and lead fordid recompence of me- 

f/kra MfUmit m§u pmucis offendintur sm- rit ; yet one character pervades tht whole. 

uUit the name of Warburton will Hand It i^ the inheritance, not of any dafs of iiw 

M a beacon upon an eminence, to illu- dividuals, but of the nation. It adorns the 

Rtiate the wide range of literature, palace and the cottage, and prerails through- 

while the faint glimmerings of modem out aU mtervwiing ranks. Deprefbd in one 

iffiaemcnt ihall give a flalh for an in- JWit, uwoidd nfe to nottce m anotlier: nor . 

a.»» ^mA k* ««r;«*ttiA»»^ (^w »tf»r cau It be extmA, till all, which Heaven 

. I . J ^u^ cipies, or foreign manners. 

Itmpt was lately made to wound the ^he True Briton is the chUU of Virtue 

duraaers of th« late Bifhop of GIou- anj ^ Reafon. The one hekives by natural 

etller, and the prefent Bifliop of Wor- difpofition ; the other guides him in the 

ttfter, by republiihing fomc produce praftice of her dilates. From the ftrength 

tioos of both, which the authors them- of his reaibn, he is a zealotis friend to Orders 

felves had virtually difavowed. What- by the virtuous ardour of his fpirit, he is an 

ever might be the motives of either for adorer of Liberty. Without the due re- 

difcootrauing iji their editions what in ^rai"^ of Law,*he fears he miglit be vicious; 

dieir more mature judgement they might '^^?f ^« «"«f SX ®f Freedom, he feels he 

think it expedient to except, the publick ^f^u ** J»«*^?- . H«, would neither have 

is highly indebted to the friendly zeal !»* «Vr ^'"^^'^S*? m^ged, nor his vutuoua 

of this benevolent editor, in dragging LT^fLT^^n K-iV^f .*^ ^ 

or - ^* «* r -. I A. . •»» T-i - -^**^> *"^' be will bmd himfdf to puniih it^ 

tltofe exceptions from obfcunty. The ^^^^ j^ ^^^^^^, ^^^ his jealoufy of un- 

fioie of inanv a great writer has fuf- j^ft fo^ce, that he win perilh rather than 

fcred by the officioofnefs of friends, in obey it, even in a trifle. A child may fliame 

bringing forward the early effuhons of him wheu he is guilty; the whole world- 

his fponive moments, with a view of cannot make him ihrink when innocent. 

doing honour to his memory: but it To admonition, he is a reed— to violence, a 

wu left to this Chritlian Divine, to rake rock. 

up, and obtrude on the world, what The virtues mod congenial to his foul 

the authors had rejefled, and the world ^re. Courage, Integrity, Generofity, Com* 

hid forgotten, with the avowed inteo- paUion. 

tion to perpetuate their difgracc. The "'^ courage, however, is neither irritable 

atumpt, however, has fortunately been ""^^ annbitious. He will bear even injuries, 

IS ineFeaual as it is difingenuous. The i^'^.^^ ^"T^'JM ^^K^l ^"^ 'T^"^ * 

• •••A .r.ri ru-1.1 and then at length be feeks for juluce, not 

unwieldy '"ftrument of alf.ul , fo highly ,ev«ige^or compenfation, not ^reulUion. 

overcharged %v,th ipleen, with jealoufy, Secure in native dignity, and confeious of it* 

aod refemmeot, has recoiled upon the j,e wallts no time in ufelefs buftle to difpUy 

projcaor himlelf i and the charafters of his confequcnce. When the hour for aaion 

the two prelates (land the firmer, and comes, be a^s with vigour and effcai 

nore impregnable, from the importance when that is over, he enjoys tranquillity as 

and failure of th'e attack. his reward, well-earned and welcome. 

Yours, &c. Cllricus. The Integrity of the True Briton is in- 

— flexible. In ail his dealings, he is open, fair, 

THE following charafirrof a True "^genuous. He neither fUfj^dU others of 

BkiTON, appearing to be well de- mean artifice, nor will he ever ftoopto it 

liueaieJ, and in the prefent (late of *»'"^*«^- **« this charadteriAic he owes his 

things like to be uUful, we have ex- ^"^^^ commercial credit, which even his uiv- 

traaed it from the paper of ihit name: f!"!) ""Ly r "^ could never have extended 

*-?.-• '^ V . u '** '^^ prefent magnitude, had it not beee 

(No 1.) omitting only the parts by f,„aio.Ted and fupported by his probity.^ 

which 11 was applied to that particular portlie f^meicafon, he iS not a man of com- 

undertaking, it. Jhoula be our great pUnictt. \i he means to render fervice, he 



38 T^f Char':/?ir o/a True Jjriion fuUhfully dcfcrlhcd. [Jan. 



^■ill til it u:t!i')nr pioir.ifir:::, nu? witliout 
pirit'c ; if I.j incaiii :l :'' :. ( r 'li-ri'-.s »t c. :■- 
rot l-.c \ .r;or-.;«.*J, 1." v.-.!. X-t. \:\\\\'., N'.t is 
l.c a: .-»•;■ ::::v: 3 'tvi'-r ; f r, k'M)'^M>j y\\n 
<'«':i-pr-!^ s rt S-. it !ti\ \ Irr tv ,!.» I-Jt L-ry 
lh"nl.l i- «;! hi'it i'-.t-u';.:! li ■•■«'. vv;:.:ii mmi 
)>c h.'.« t!^.!t': vi ti CfniiM-ii! I'.-i'. -te cm \\\\\\ 
p.Tifi (.'-■ I'C '-•• ''» 'Oif ii : t \c-i ■ J ivy :iriil i 11 ' 
mlV rvi" ? a-.h liv C.-fi clifpiic; I'm: c< (ii\i- 
•m'.ImlM' Mr li'iviii^ iImp.ij iij. ihtII fupiKirts hini ; 
Ivii ;ii.iiic: unnitfiilcii i.i fu.imj and Cjniiie lo 
liiir. 

riis C'incrofiiv .v.nl Ct'mpaMlon arc iiifc- 
|>ar.-!.Ic. A i.-.Ij <»f fi''i»vv ncvti FujIk tp 
nitlL l.n.', .uiil p tv fio\\> fio-.i liim in iuow- 
tia <;»" I." IJ. Vi'li ic £«)!.' .»i:not nlicvo, he 
trits tTuli oilici K-.i.u;i:- ;. :"l:pi n.orc fujtcd to 
cJieca-c; hiithii* fiill ir.o. vs^.tr.: i:, to give. 
I lie !-.i:!.i !V.:v <if c :::i'*];;r lh"t tjve their 
r.ii:v..«.- .s m : .■ c v 301: i.:l •»!•.■• hm" il^an th« 
tW^'irc ( t vlc.-iiy iw.c-:?: .^•. ,\c fr\i.-tisy, 
1.0 t)r,J I.:i5 li.':::; r.'< i-, cr n" :r lu-cff'tiH'y, 
Th- tri tt* cf :ir. !.!■ ■: ..n. /c". tf.'r cor.ti- 

neiii.il n.'C (-r* ; ^^: ^\ , » ■^■:\v.\ \\\n livfs 

or l!ic e* cv'ny ..l •• ■_* inn mthI Ii. /...i«i u\ I. is 
On r.» ^ :i"= Jiio i/C'l iit \a< ir.iTi.o t<J.i:ilrv, 
Wiu.uiit \h\< li-'!Miy, i' •! t!nii,.»:i wi-Vild 
h.ivr 'i i1 it^ '<!"*, t:;l^ oii .i-ij;' ' i-. r f ii>. 

'il.v-' is'i i|o.i i»r tl.o iiw«* iii.Uiiis i.ili- 
«n;il jjr.ii t'.iii. — f«|u.i:ly jMii-'tc fiu.ii the 
foil V Jit ' v»i'."i !i :ifiM, iiii ' I'l-i iit'iiu.lince of 
liif:J<:i.l'*. Ii'-- v.-.'.i ar.i'. t ■■:; ti.Ji'iiJlto I'cs 
and to it'^c't t o gill'. I' ;■; \\ ■■ ::; of tJiC 
Chi .Iti.;i» r..i'li ; 11 J V. .11 !ii: Ll.o '..Ii t.) CCllil- 
tcn.ii cr .) wo l:s i.,jri»j:l: ■;', en j-rcfMiL^: of 
fjrthr.r r-Joim.iiiiiii. J.i: wi'i lu". i.r Lave 
Ixelii;t(*:j 'cr ll.o r.r.-pviir. i: i i ' .'.'-^ i^ii.l ir.fiJol 
Ph«!(» ryU'-'. l];i Iti' :■ ..'i *^f n;.\!o;i l-i.'clK-'. 
hihi 111 wl;;.t ptJi;itb |r.;:.i:.:i 'Oiff::! r.'iilt he 
vc !. ; .iitl l.c ui.l r. ".'.1 I'-iftliiS know- 

ili- lu'Vci-iil ;;.::;!:::■*, like a'l tfiC reft, 
rrviiv,:.-: •/ i;:-- :;. -i » '.':;.:-.':' ::. Sj~.icity 

«i.U »» I It .. - •!»« '.V I •• " 

,« im l> ■ i" •■ •^^ ■ . r*" - 

l\:j..i' : t. V i '. . li tM' •'■ :. .• '■ ; .. 1 • i • 
1 ;:.::' ■',!.. T ! 't. ' « : ' :• 1 : ■ ! : >•- !■;. 
i; I . ■,•.».,. !. ill .■■ :■! ■.'"1. r. ; :ii r": *- 
l'.i::'i /.•.■• *tv' ; ;■■.%.'.-! '.. ' o •> • ■ - 
1:v...!j . \ i . ...'.' it ;.i..^ i,. ...;'. i; t ■_- 
I'ii.- . !t .. I. ^ ■'■»'» ti...L 111 ;i.: IiiiC ■■•' 

I^i-e-'-' .■ .■ • . '.I. • 'l i>f nu - 

il«M •^ 1 1 ' '■•■ • - ■ '■ ' ' •' ' i.ii '- •"■■ I " iV !i -S 1 ■" 

\iil!.u lii'. * ■« i ii I. :. » r; i.-;i.;ij','.i .y . i ..C 
in:''. » <w I..- «. :..! :". /ii-.i wJ"i'..r'«:i.M, 



4 . ' .»■•■• 



I « • • ^ ■« .%• 



* ^ 



I'C >'• . 'lit 

t\. |.". . ■■ .■•'-•*ii.i.-.i'r '-If 

|.\ • .It. I«ii.. lib.i.t II >■ ».. Li.w •-. '-• I -J 

ll,, l....,«.: lU'.v :.- V .:.:. ■. i,. •.■.', kC. ■ridcv-.'i/ 

ill II. I I.. .1.1. I I -. «. - .<- ... ... !■•»■ ■■!• 

A: .:.^ i- .; ..: v:..v- <••-* l*i ; .\-, ftiitun-, 
ri( t li liw u:r.-.".*.'» ■.• •".■ • i:l-....: ■'.'. t ; -J 

'I 1 . '^* I * <■■! .|7 If .111 '.' ."''1^ 

I . .1^ 1 f -!■• < I. H»i X.',. » ■ . ' 

1 '• T I. N I- '< • ' r :..,.', . J ; J • . '.'. .t 

:• '):- w'.iik I..I wii."i« . .. .i-t I L.tii" ...-.I'M :cd 
h. i . .' -■ i^c- I " 'i 'I'C.:. .", . . .:. -J 
11. ;:, '..«. !n y peiU.1^ or.:. , i< i !.«. -^ -.- 



tachni, i.ot I iijoiej ; aut. tlity arc fnclj only, 
a'. i:tf r.opcs by time .•rA pii rL-:i'. fov.r.fcl to 
rcviM-.L- ; »,:■ f;.'.:i .v, *».,;».:; r:(,Cw'iV;iry conccf- 
i: iv:'.>i!;k in.i'i-i ftcfiinMs of minkind, cau- 
iii • f fi-!/ Ik." liiiiov ' 'ill I 'imiaii Nature is 
cifi*'';! ."., He is ri-.-i'Mo of ti:e value of 
l!i:.t kiu vvk\1'';c whitli 1> th-; re ''wit of expc- 
i^vi.io — ;ir.i'', in r> i.Ti ]"!<)! t. ".lit a piiint as 1!jo 
C.iallitrii( 11 of liis coiirlry, he is Icaft dif- 
pofi^d to yield i<» il'j '1 henries of Speculative 
men. To tlm fyi^cm he adlierep, from 
Itron;; ronvidtion of i'.s excellence. I;ino« 
vatiou, pror^fcdin.^^ fr«:.) Isvity, he contcrnnss 
r.itcnded \\ii\\ .njuit.^'.*, cruelty, or public 
danger, he abhors. He loves his kin; with 
fomc reilri6l"ons, .•\.^:l Ins country without 
.T.y : nor w; 11 he Ij^'v.ly rife ngninll the of»©, 
rr throw t'tf cthi* in'o difc^rd and cnnfu- 
foii. lo I'o'i'ii.-! ho is aiU'ided, and not, 
ptTh.-«p.«:, fu:r!i"»iy avcifv: from p.irries. 
Miitj whct^ t!^r I i.!^liik is in diingcr, lieforgrti 
:-ll (t'lHi.ivifion^j and kno.^s no pany but his 
CO'.in'ry. 

Tins is th'» Truo R!-i*o:i. of ivhich de- 
frrij-ri. :i .-» l;«!?i! ni.iioiity ^ xiils in every cUTs 
of fori. 1 1 li.'c th>«i\'. !ioiiC I he liiUiAi). Mors 
<»r lt.-i<; fKi'ti:, ii..\id; b .' v-iuuig^li fo, to 
i'lK vi.is.i^ t.ic p- I- . ch..u;iCiij', and Lhcrebjr 
to dci'i:rve liie it*; ».cl and AlcliLiwU of the 
world. 



Mr. Urban. Drc. 14. 

GIVE :nt: Icdve, :hrovg|i the ciiannel 
of vour A1 ij?i:a'i:tf, to prefcnt my 
rclpeftful co;i.p!irr.er.rs d Mr. Blakcy, 
p. 1C041 r.i.d to bvivici>;3, p. 1002, and 
let urn tliLi:» my fuiCcitlt thanks for their 
favour.ihle opinions on the way of inr 
Hmurcmenis, in uii'ch I have been aU 
fiduoofly cmplcfViii honi niy yout-i^ and 
aliiK li hofu iTiy cicid!:-. Tlic pvjliiicji:< 11 
cf M;. 1V< *■ -'i !) 'oociicv "viih itic So- 
i.i;. i J i:.ii... :i', in vMUch Mr. Jac- 
o-i'.\ in^prt \'.i:..:it i.I tt^c pendulum is 
; » I cci'p/ w I •'■• ^"*'^' iir.ili.-uhfcdly aS 
1(1 J 1; I- ;i |>.>r-ii ;.i if pU.tiUic. i Uiould 
be iv.us.'. i>'.4i.d Ach knovviof; wlien I 
ij: .« ic,i:(-f.>i>iv (.xp-uu^ to Liijoy it} and 

r-.(p:ttl !ic V. ■!: \)k. !() kit.. I Ab lO|^l%e PiC 

li.c '.-"..-lit It in".: r?i.i-.!i n t.f iisaupeitrancs 
in pvihl.Ci t!u;j^')^ 1 rV.ei much rc^rci, 
111 ins put'.'.P;^ at t':ch ;>ii uuccttAin iijii- 
.-ir.C'i i:iC |.;V:i!'n of my anxK.'ui 
u Ahvr^ 10 un(i< rii lud tiit principl.ts, and 
coiriputc tl'.'j i:ttt.i''.l*( ot IIS conttr'j6ti(Dy 
as 1 ii/.vc n;t yi met with any wh^ch 
f«iiily prouiitLd 10 ul.idc tliis lett, wh^n 
rif;l.;'y n,. :.!':, m^ .;:):vcr :n pryft:tt, 
V. lun ;.i*| «.: I . Lim.p.iKd with the t:ar.rus 
.-: 1-' L.-iii: ;'lt-:iuL.- c>2 ::ic !un itnd iiais. 
/«^ !-. u ;citi:!}; ou: 1 '\a* vci y paiiial to the 
^ . ■!'-....>!) |-ciidiil>.ii'.., tiLd li.'j ».oi;-.putd- 
\ . [-. (It' U'> LiU..^ L>i^alt.d inc iiiuch. £ 
i:..\jua Lt.u ui iliiccj but tli«.ii accu- 



1 7?) 3*1 Csutttry Clergymafi^s Riiharh 

lacj in pradice frll very ihort of my ex- 
pcmtina» and convinced, mc, 1 btd 
omitted foffie requili:e d.ita m ralcuU- 
tin^ iti cffe£ls. Few cihm r.ic vtry 
Ilccle better than the comino;i fimile 
ft^cl or wcli-dri«*J miSio^iny >0i*, 
with a ball of coiifi durable ive'.(;1it, nor 
has an? one I hHvc ytt met wiii come 
up to ray f.it!sfanion. I am prrOiTdeil, 
that the mnde of fulV^nJin^ :1k per. da- 
lum, and ;he e? iU anl'mg from the ap- 
plication of the ciutih to tlie i(i«l, coa- 
trii)ute much to tlse irregular going of 
the clock. A d ffcrcnr and better cf- 
cjpement than :>fiv yet invented mud 
be applied. M*". G-aham**! deid beat, 
jrifcn in voL X.^IV. p. 3}:. w-th ruby 
fices to ii.5 pillcts, .TS no.v at Green- 
wich, cannot dc pcrfcft : for, diftl-rent 
pDw:ers,commjr.ic.«tdrn'ou^Wthi whole 

train of the clo'^k to the pa'lets, «ill 
aher tiic rare of its g'»ini^, and a dif- 
ference in the \veij;ht, vviien the b^o- 
me'cr is at 3 i and iS inclus, will alicAt 
it in the Oitic w.iv. Mr. Cumniin.;'* 
double pallets pic/c zne bcft, th&uuh 
they ha?e uot yc: i'^tn apinied in ihc 
btJl form, and wuli iLi ^i tat tit ad- 
vantage. 

However, I am p'lrf-.iu'Icd tlirtt no 
c!'>ck can be made i ^ k'j.;' tu.'.i. • ct .•- 
rately, upon any cr^!.:5ra'.iuja I h.;v5 
yet feen, cither cxccu;^ I os Jli;;r;r.:;c. ly 
dcfcribedy though W* 1:1.11 !i !.:;■; b.; .1 
dirne and ("Hid on the (\\Wy.rx In \'i. K. 
B^rtbould, in f'j«jr cj'jmio .'■•!u:-. j» , i-y 
Mr. A. Cj nmin^', Ljd.;'..;i, ■::'i 1 c *!::r 
anids, in der«.h d pitc-.-r, ; j'..i:{;» d ::i 
fcferal mirc-'.li.iti^ijus ..n 1 j-.-r:..i! ».*l 

works. I prciiir:.*: tiiC f-'" • ••'iML; .inn'i'- 

mcflTk are >tbr(>i.ii«.iv loi 1 ••'(., rtnd ii> y 
caGly be inrrodi-cd, \.7. liit- pi l*.''^ 
and crutch united into nac, wiihojt ';iy 
fri£tioo, or arbor, to cittiLr or iIic:ti, 
and the cfcapeme.it nuJu qui:-, clvfc, 
without being atVciUJ oy any i^...^'l:- 
nent, in anv pait '.F I'l; li-^in, !..'"> twin 
will quite fioptlic lu iL1u:i ot I'uc wltwcU, 
nnr rtc[uire i»ny oil in t!»e pirti imlih.1- 
I in J lime : th- m:»tivc t ;c.: mnl* hs, •;'" 
p leJ pfccijtly to the very c«.irLr «>: « \- 
cilLtiun of rhc pcndaiuni, iiuJ ir*; c>'> 'i- 
iiii; our, ahc( Mic elc.ipc:!iLiK 15 r.i.\';:, 
»s*l.iiill a^ p-.ilibic, all c j» iribjti^:/ u> 
iti drUiibitii^ very fraili arclic-, wo^h 
if a fxcixi rf>lviniai;c f'>r bi<nitii!iint' tii'j 
error :n b'ng vibrations, b'-Ciu'c \ i'vii- 
duJu.n vibrjrin^ Iccondi fi-r zv l'-"»>-''f 
in an arch reckoned in degjn-;, fr-fn 
the ]o%vttl po»iJi, ^r.il r«;p c-'n >fl i^y il c 
leg or a r:^bl ani;icd liunjjU; m.! il.c 
4fc^f;;C& vibiaccd in dny ^rvaici t*iCu ic<- 



«» TVauhes and Titnf'Ka'trr:. j^ 

prifcnied by the nvpoilicnnP' r»f i„e 
trisn -It ; rbtn ihc ri.jiMrc nf ii»e nthrr 
if^; muiti;>'ied into i,6.}6;4i. i»r -. 
nearly, will be the fccom'.s I.jfl in z[^ 
hniirs, by vibrii;i=.h: in tlic i>n-.'tr arcli : 
.'ind thtrtfo C, ll»..- ("lU^lirr lin: .«ic|irs. «!;« 
1( r> will be il.ftciiiM ill I'le loh^ci anh^, 
Tiiis p:\>vid*:i, ii: r.\c I" il m^trntr, 
R^^inft tlie iricjui 'riti:;s .iriiii:^ .'r,>;u 
the diff icnt diRTitics of the n)tdiijin 
in vijiich tlic ;.vn'.luI-.':» vin, .ti--; ; aiH 

tills chmpc cif its dtnTi'v r.nd repar-iy 

• r ■ ■' .' * 

app-.ri'S to l>C !!.(» jCtlCC'J D^ two Cj'J'cS, 

CvHubniitl toijcf Mcr, one frmn the (»pcr.\« 
li<»ns iif tae frrcl'tr*"'.' »:!:-!nrnrs i:n;*Iv 
amo:?;; then' r*.- 1 '•■.■■• ; F.:)d ;.'.■: c-hcr :;-.at 
prod'iceJ bv t!.-_ M'ijn,r;S 1 h.ivc rca.'ini 
to believe, in r!.-j larnc rr.r.r.r-.cr it tir .'\s 
the more dtp/'. iiicd-ij:ii of vv I'tr in iKe 
produ^i'»n of il.i.- ii.les. \v'u/*t tlir; c'\i 
account fiir \\- liiri-t'D'c l»r:;t,t||S nf the 
arch'.s •■ ibr.i'tt' .-• (Ticcn-vu!'.. j;;^ .rdod 
in l)r, Nl.fr.-. ;, ne's ob!c: v..t'( r.> ? And 
1 have ()l;l..:vc! tiiut.h k»iC'.!sr ii iow 
Lf::'J-i;.«, i. ■: *.:r from r!ic ciiu«'"r, 

liLfidLS, ;n ti i{ mo«fe of fi'Ti'cndin'r 
th- jKi) Ii: L».i , lie >rii.iiv«? f:.ri"-.: a<f*ing 
as ri«-j n. :t I ..• j.t i.iiiri.-L't 'i, and this 
iici'i'^ • !i" ii'.i. f iir-'c «^: lii-^ pi-:c-.ii!icn, 
it l-.*;'t ;''U'> ■.:■:• L',,Xjl i.;'.prv»vi-ajcnt, fo 
liiut.i ;,:;::•.: •. :^v v«-ii^ ^\:^^^ of Tui- 
] I :. ^: >.;;:....' :• . i.^ii'il iiutii u prc»c tHMg- 
i..^^'.I^ of vl-.iic uniui, jr» H (lib of 
Pitr.ilc, lltru-, S. . . r :;tl ils < if erf. Is s;e 
c ».i.j' .ie<i iv. i;', i\.v. " ■ . il ;:j;tj, m 
til; \ i\ I) r.:..! !.. .1 < 1 .i j " .vi^aiuiiia^ 
ttk..< •.■.>■• • 

A.-.- !^. : i» ''.I i"-:: <-j!'iik"-v of matter 
ar \ Ii!. •[."■» ji i' ii-i'i, ,;;:.! :; tjic ro.l or 

I ■■'• '■« ' »•- ; ' ■ ..TH, .: : ill 'orv dit- 

I -1. '% ri. . :".■■. ■ ;..i.,; I iUdi of 
t;. , •:..: r .; .1 . .i::ia .;i 1.1, ai'iiing from 
lij:'.C i'l:. I (-.1 '.».; . .:c' vr Ii:^ roin.ienlatcd 
foi li'.t'il; .: , 1.1 I'l c ). s ;•;:.' Mf al« timc^, 
bv il»c i>;>,''.i- •:• •;! * : . ^y «"•?•,' r mcthvxl 
uh'tcvtr. I Iii.y i' -j:', t'urefoic, be 
Coii-.i'i;.! Ii-i.'iy; < «: • MKitt ci*.!)er be 
c.jt:"wMtd, <'r J. I ■• : Ii ".iirlU luciepcn- 
I'.-.-t cf :hc ('•'•.. I, I ''.ire any correc* 

II w C4n be .<,•;•' w ! t>. i.,i liie ucceildry 
■ ■ . ';r.i,!t I ) i..c«itlici. 1 iiave ihvncc 
It.n Ic'j t.) C'jii. i«;i, .-nd invciligatey 
iii.Li I' ..lirui .: jV'Mii \* tn n the hall, by 
\vl. til it fi- ty Ic ft. (: Li.dcd, without 
Ji'if.r'n^j ^ "■ '..;•■ ;•/, ;:: Ui centre of ol« 
C'''.i".':!, -n an/ 1' ■■■■. .-< of txo?n- 

♦ Gti.t. '■'!■.. V;l. VI). p. 3i. :>;iiip- 
fcnVHiix. V..!. II. Pi.,:.. XXVIII. Cor. 
JV. p. r..,. 1 ;„!. i ! . ,Mi. Vol. LXl, 

p. -c 3. j-,\'^\ p. 2^-. L.\. \n. j>. 216— 

130. Imc;! 'ii'd .M'JCl^k.u, p. Si| 3ru; or 



40 An Apohgffor the ratiinal Amuftminls tfa Clergpium. [Jaiu' 



fion and contra£lion whatever; whence 
only a itmple corre£lion in the rod or 
rods alone will be wanted , which may 
be fatiifa&orily eflfefled, and made ex- 
adly correfpondent to the expanfion 
and contraftion of the rod or rods, in 
all cafety and at all times, by a correc- 
tor having the very fame dimcnnons, 
kind of matter^ figure, and motion, with 
the rod itfeif. 

But the great defideratum, fo much 
fought after, for determining the longi- 
tude of places, ftill remains with the 
portable time-keepers; wherein com- 
pounded e£fe6^s, producing irregulari- 
ties, have hitherto been corre£ied by 
fimple applications, and fimple cafes by 
a compound of effects. How fljangely 
diflimilar I Experience imprefles me 
with aflonifliment, at the going of Mr. 
Harrifon's time-piece, duiiog the two 
voyages it was carried. Nor do I enter- 
tain the rooft favourable opinion of Mr. 
Mudge's time-keepers, now the fubje^ 
of debate between his fon and Dr. M^f- 
kelyne, if they flopped, or fuffcred in 
their rate of going, by carrying them, 
almoR in any manner, from one room 
to another, as both thefe gentlemen 
fecm to grant % yet they are, as I have 
heard, to appear befoie parliament this 
feifion, on a claim to the reward for 
difcovering the longitude. It is much 
to be lamented there Ihould have hap- 
pened any caufe of complaint on unfair 
trials at the Royal Obfervatory, as well 
as on the unlimited power of the ho- 
nourable Board of Commiirion, to fend a 
time*piece, on trial, alternately, one 
year to Greenwich, and another on a 
voyage, as repeattdiy as they plcafe ; 
thereby keepmg every artilt from his 
leward, any number of years, at their 
option, even though his time-keeper 
perfectly anfwers every wi{h. 

The numerous equations for compu- 
ting the Moon's place, and the annuil 
patch-work of new ones, to heal tiie 
lores of the old, and keep thtm in a 
good humour, are a convincing proof 
to me, that the theory of hn motii/os 
is not well founded; and I veit y be- 
lieve, that ihe moves with much grearer 
fimplicity than is now afcribed to her. 
Yet any corre£lion m the lunar theory 
can only be rewarded by going on the 
fame old principles of gravitation \ nor 
is the time of the reward limited to lefs 
than 37 years, by the a^ of paihament 
not (pecifying the particular revolution 
of her node!7, from which to begin the 
computations* How gtcat are thtTe ot»- 



ihtcles, in dead of encouragemeats, t6 
artiftt and aflronomers I 

The ingenious naturalift Sjlvied^p 
who incurs the fame charge he bat 
brought againft me, may be aflored^ 
that I am not afbamed to countenance 
any rational and ufefiil amafementa 
with my namei and fince the excellcat 
mechanic Mr. B. thus expoftulacea with 
marked emphafis, '* I cannot think 
what littU imprtprittjf there could be in 
an ingenious gentleman letting the world 
know his name," 1 am led to conclude* 
they have very little apprebennona of 
the many onpleafant circumftancet and 
reflexions which attend the obfcur* 
(ituation of a country clergyman of mf 
iingular turn among the lower rank of 
people, and even frequently among 
thole who ought to know, better, and 
where I have not a fingle foul to light 
up one fpark of emulation, but enough 
to depreciate ; thefe readily catch at 
every thing which their uninformed 
minds may deem refle^iion, and inter* 
pret all they fee and hear quite conge* 
nial to their own wiihes for flanders 
their mifreprefentations are (bmetimct 
furprizing, and aflbrd now and then a 
vein of mirth ; at other times, they are, 
to a degree, as low and defpicab(c* I 
have often experienced more civility 
among the wild and uncivilixed part of 
mankind, where they never before had 
feen an European, than I fometimea 
meet with in my prefent fituation. 
Manv who rank in a better fphere of 
life have mod ungeneroufly refleAed 
on me, in rhe fenfe delivered by Dtm 
Young, in Night V. 
" Your learning, like the lunar beam, afibrdt 
'< Light, but nut heat ; it leaves you undevooC^ 
'* Frozen at heart, while fpecnlation (hines." 

But from this charge I (land fufficiently 
exculpated in Vol, XXXIX. p. 284—6. 
wherein is given ample tellimony how 
much 1 wi(h to make all natural and 
fcientlfic knowledge fubfervient to di- 
vinity, and to anfwer the beneficent 
ends; <-/ GOD, in his works of creation, 
by m<^king thefe the means of convey- 
ing hik j^r: ce to the heart. 

An upright confcience bears me up 
againft all unmerited afperiioas and ca<» 
lumny ; I regard them, as prudence 
and peace di£iate, with no other notice 
than imprciiing upon me adifpofition ta 
keep myfelf to, myfelf as much as nof* 
fible. 1 am confined to my prefent mu- 
ation by unfortunately entrufling my 
little pittance in bad hands, after roj 
return home. Yet, by cutting my ga(<» 

mcuc 



m ^ 

'i 



.■r 
tr 



r 



\ 






• i 



fe 
fr 

» 



r 
r 



''795*7 R^fff^i*^ Snrioton'j Tntttt'ft /«/# Norway, Denmark, &c; 4 

flicflt according to rov cloth, and a 
little clafc oeconomy, I have fuflficient 
to live tolerably comfortiible, without 
-incurring • (ingle debt. After a few 
youthful 6ighti ia the tnatliematical de- 

rtrtmeats or two or three publicationi, 
have bad no great ambition for au- 
diorfliipi I have therefore ufcd Taroius 
itined fignaturetf and thele reafon^ 
fiilT induce me to rcqucd leave to fi^n 
ay icif again, Youn, &c. \ff, 

P. S. I received a finccre pjeafure in 
feeing, upon p. 1039, the naone of my 
worthy friend, and your old correfpon- 
dent| 7- Miiis, from Cowbit. Having, 
many yeara ago, cDJoyed the da^i in 
iiabitsof pnreft friendlhip with him, [ 
BOW exceedingly Ument our great dift- 
aocefrom each other; and condole very 
cordially with,, and mnfV feelingly too, 
for him, in the great lofs fudained by 
the death of his good friend Dr. Buck* 
tuorth, Sumt UurjmM rtrum, it meniem 
aurtMiia taMgMJtt, He will undoubtedly 
recoiled his old friend, on afking, 
what if become of the learned Pih, 
that could teach Hebrew, and which 
he purchafed for that piirpafe, at the 
price of five (hillings ? - 



Mr. Urban, 7»(k n- 

I Have jufl lead a book of travels into 
Norway, Denmark, and Ruffia, lately 
puhliflicd by A. Swinton, E'q. and beg 
leave to communicate to you fome ex- 
trad s therefrom; not fo much xvith a 
' View of making my own remaiks there* 
on as to folicit infer mition, xvhere I 
hate not been able ro agree wiih, or 
perhaps comprehend, the writer. 

P. 55. *• But the hiflory of Iceland is 
not lels diAinguiflied by ;4nothcr circum- 
llanceof very gieatcm lofity and iippurt- 
acce. Of ancient naci^ins wc- know not the 
4>iginoing, of the modern we know not 
the end." it is in vam th^t 1 have en- 
deavoured to comprehend this pairage. 

P. 63. The author mentions in a note, 
rhat he is indebted to Dr. Thoikelin 
for the lifl of words, which arc of the 
fame import in the Icclatidir, as in thc 
language [poken now in tlirLowlandsot 
Scotland, andNorthern counties of Eng- 
land s and ptLCeeas to fay, ** a mnnu- 
kr'pt copy of itcfi U*W5 hns been Icic 
b.Di.T. with a l.tcuiy friend, in Lon- 
dgii ; who, tt is faid, has f^nie thoughts 
oi traofl tting and pubiifhin^ ihaiii, uith 
r.vtts hilluiical und phiUTophical, in 
Kugiifli." Q^what are the lawt hcic 
iiicnruiicd, to which, in the context, 

Ge:it. Mag. Janumj^ i793» 



there is not the leaft allufion ? I a 
fure, Mr. Urban, a folutson of th 
qut-niufi will be very inre relying to li 
veral oi yonr reader*^ who hwd the pic; 
fure of knowing Dr. Thorkelin whil 
in Kn^land. 

P. 73. It is mi:ch to be lamente< 
that an author, who has made fo bri 
lifint and rucceTsful adifplay of his hi 
mour, at the expence of Meff. W^ax^ 
and Ci.xe, fhoutd (ofar forfeit his cred 
with tlie reader, by defcendmg < 
the chniadler of a miferii(>I«; punftc 
in the pa^e here referred lo. \r. 
promiie^a Sheiidan, and terminates s 
O'Kccrfe. 

P. 90. " The watery clouds intc 
ccptcd the Sun's rays, and rolled fwifi 
along rlie firmament ; app:)rcnrly rifii 
from the ocean on one fide of the hor 
zon, and plunging again into it at tl 
opposite point on the other " How ful 
lime I Ft is to be hoped, Mr. Urba 
that none of your readeis will ever I 
without a tranfcrijrt of this paffage 
their pockets, in cafe they lliould ha| 
pen to be at lea. 

P. 109. '< 1 embarked on«boBrd 
fmall cart, I have not yet forgot my fe 
terms, for the metropolis of Livonia 
It is ro be hoped, the author's reg^ird f 
his hi^h literary reputation %v!ll indu 
hiintorcrgcr/>a/fr«jinhis nexteditio 

P. Ill, •* An army tnmbling ivi 
contempt at the RuifMU Empcior's a 
tuck." Thi^ exprtilion remindt me 
the (io'v of a Spanilh rhodomontude 
who, l>4:inj3r allied ivhy he Oi.iok fo at t! 
prolpcdt of L»cini» immediaiely led on 
battle, replied, tlirU he trembled at tl 
idea of ho-v iniirh blood his valo 
iliould occ-iivti) thf Iheoding on that da 

P. 125 A hninl Cyreig is elegant 
ftilcd rt ** IV. n /■« war.** it is to be hop' 
Mr. Crolt will not omii to <1o juftice 
this hi>e exprcffion, by introducing 
into hn new editior. of Dr. lohiiioi: 
didtioiiary. In tlic i.ime p..:i-, ihc a 
thor remtrkini; rli.-ti il.c world li«d co 
fiyned the mnnoiv ol Prtrr the: Git 
to pity or df! .li.r», f'-v, "c'.pero*^ whi 
mult be iCiiillv c"«. '.»•■.' t'l Irs iivAi 
Ihadt." 1 btj'. to l.e jrifii-mtd, wh 
ther I'lis p-'lj-'j^'. 's '-ri'^";, or t'.rTric 
being <pjii: a :. .• !■ tn fj-:n '•• opinin 

P. z-rz, i f.i .x?;Vf']. 'I'iie RiVi) 
has jiii^iv C't .'• •■• • d ivj;'. (,i'xv for • 
tr«»<iiKin^. I, v 1 'X' k (t tr.iVL s exri 
ntous jr. -in ^ V i* lies hcif »'o;^.;;itn I 
reproof : t.-i \-. i;.if 'las n Ion*; r.ocof.nt 
'i mriary 10 do, tu th*; h^.tida x^t a ci sr 



42 Jtimarki on Swintbn's IVtfv^/i.— P andsd Holmes, Vc. [Jan. 



ler wh6 appears never to have feen any 
part of the country. But thefe compi« 
Jationt do mod roarvellouily affid the 
fabrication of our modern booka of tra- 
vels ; befides, when a reader is tired with 
one country he may travel to another 
vritbout the trouble of moving off hia 
fear. Another very intereHing, and no 
Icfs convenient^ digrefFion, concerning 
fumptuary laws, may be found in p. 315. 

P. 318. '* I cannot, with any temper, 
behold Handel takmg fnuff, fcrewmg 
his pins» or rofining his fiddle-ftick." 
Many readers of this right pithy and 
profitable book will call this wit| but 
every body knows it is not truth. 

P. 3*2. •• He (Peter the Great) ef- 
tabiilhed an academy of fciences with 
ibeft lo*weis, by feizing the library at 
Mittau. We wifb we haH not to add, 
that, unlike a father, he torrefied his 
children With them." It is. proper to 
inform the reader, who may wonder 
what is meant by eflabli(hing an acade- 
my, and correfling children, with /aiiitfi[#, 
that they were the ^xe ami ihi/tvorJ, as 
iippears from p. 3*1. 

P» 365. *• I would, before this time, 
have given you lome account of the 
battles bttwten Rulfia and Sweden, in 
the courfe of lad Summer ; but, as there 
have been none, I found it difficult to 
draw up a hiflory of ihcm.*' I had 
f\ifpt£\t6, from two or three ciicum- 
itanccs occurring in the courfe of this 
deleflable book, that the author, who 
has taken care to inform uv that he was 
related to the Admiral Greig, was a 
Scotchman \ but the above ptfTa^'^e affords 
▼ery complete evidence that he is an 
Inihman. 

P. 403. " The in fide wr»!ls arc 
^V4iwjc0/tid with agate, j,iI()<M, and la- 
pi* lazuli " Another proof, Mr. Ur- 
ban, that (he remark concerning the au- 
thor's place ef nativity is not an idle 
conjt£luic. Yours, &:c. Q^ 

Mr. Urban, Jan, 17. 

VOLTAIRE'S "flimfy witiicilm," 
LXn.^08, is nwt oDiM'.^al/'Senantes 
i oit fort en gerdilopit, comme /utt t9us 
/r< *^ts que ont de la memoirt** Hamil- 
ittA't Memoirs du Compte dc Gram- 
nao.ii, cit. iv. p. 64. 

I'l the account of the cuAoms of 
Shrewfbury, p. 690, •* vigimi (^uatuor 
cabalios vicecomes Lcnteuide," is tranf* 
)ated ** the iheiitf Lenicurde fent 24 
horfcas/iff." i tiiirik it ihoiyld be the 
ikcritt 9f Leateurdc. Lanierdim^ as it 
is now ca led, was ai that time ia bhrop- 



ihfee, hnt it now makes part of Herer 
fordfliirc ; and perhaps tke-di(hi6il round 
it mieht have had a diftin6l; ihcriff. 

P. 716. "In the aoth year of Charles 
II. one Randal Holmes, a painter, was 
profrcuted by *' Norroy kin^ of armt M 
Stafford ti^(t%, for marihalling the fa* 
nera) of Sir Ralph Afliton [qu. AOoii ?] ; 
and obtained [we (hould read kjl'^ a vcr- 
di£^, and 20 I. damages" Biglan'd*! 
'* Obfervatioos on Marriages and Paio- 
chill Rcgillers,*' 1764, p* 91. The per* 
fon, of whom Mr. fi*s ifprii du corpj hat 
led him to iptak in fo contemptuous a 
m.inner, was a perfon of great merit ia 
his liiic, and of fome confequente; for* 
it appears from an handfome marble 
monument to lirs wife, in St. Mary's, 
Chefier, that he was *' fworo fervant, and 
gtnileman- fewer extraordinary of bi$ 
majelly's chamber, to king Charles II* 
and deputy to the king at aims.** He 
ftiarried ** Sarah, eidell daughter of Henry 
Solev, miniAer of the gofpel at Fenon, 
in the county of Salop/' who died 
April 5, 1661;, aged 36. On her mo- 
nument he is called '* Randie Hulmc," 
and hears» quarterly, i and 4« btrry of 
fix, Or and Az. on a canton Ermine a 
red rofe ; a and 3, Arg. a crcfs engrailed 
G. furmounted by a bend, Az. Oo aa 
cfcutcheon of pretence, Veit, a chevron 
between three foles natant, Or. 

P. 980. The duke of Bridgewater elid 
not get the loiV.ihips of Elielmere and 
Knochin by dtfctnt from iord Strange. 
His anccftor, the iorci-kie»>er ^gerton^ 
purchafed them, tr^tthtt with the neigh- 
bout ing loidlhip of Mi'd'e, from the 
fcoffbcCof VViilum carl oi Derby, whofe 
ancelior, Gcoige SianleVf mairied Joan, 
G-iughter and licir ol J>'hn lord Stranee, 
of Knochin, in the time of £dw. iV. 
Stiange cf Blackmeie, and Suange of 
Kncichin, were dcfcencied from two bro- 
therk, who came from Bretagne with 
Hcniy II. 

In addition to your correfpondent's 
information in p. 979, concerning the 
great eail of Shiuwfbury'^ tomb, I Tub- 
join *Ti extra£t from his will, lelating to 
ii ; wiiich is prelcrved in Sampfon Len- 
nard't coHeftions, Harl. MSS, xi7S{ 
and a Letter of that great warrior, cx- 
traf^cd fiom an ancient minute- lx<ok of 
the ch:>pter of Lichtield, beginn ng in 
April 1433, and ending in J<tnuary 1455; 
wUch 1 have la.ely had an opportuu.ty 
of cxantining. 

** Jolm carle of Shrew fbury, W4i>fori!, 
and WiUcrford, 1 >. lalbi»i, hwrnival .md 
bttau:)ge^ made bis will aiPoitc;muih tl^e 

idi/ 



»7W] ExtraRfrm the Willofthc Earl efT%\hoU 43 

i daf of September, an'o d'ni mcccci.ii- Wc undcrftoiu!c f-nJ w.itc ryght well bry eti- 

apfwiotid h?i bodie lo te buried att Black- formac'ou df uur cip-.IIcn* S' Roc* Stcdniao 

merr, in the parifch dierche, one the rygt that t!ie fayle fee of o!dc tyme was iliat he 

fide of the chaunceliej wher he willed a li-^ iiii ma-k- And now Ince our forte S' 

chappeil <rf Our Ladie and Sl George to be Xpofore T.ilbor*.of liis one h.ae allowed 

made, and a oolleUg ther to be foundyd*, hym a m*ie ovc* tlic fayde ii>i mark, to the 

tothOTalewof4ol. p. ann. over rhe valew wychc S* Xpofore we lj.tvc cyayd our 

of thepTonage of tlie fayd cherche. And power in our abfence iher of. So th.it bis 

tliac ibe fayd p*foiu!;e and othyr cherchet f^e of oli'e and ncwe grauute ysbut v ra'rk.?. 

goe tm the found.-»c'on of the feyd colletlg, to And wh*ir ns yc alfo wrytc that yoV tluercs 

pray lor him, h s wife, and all their children, of tlie faydi; chyrche fcfjuli'e be rc7fid axA 

aODceftors, and all otiiyr goode d<K)ers ; er brmi*.. tt» you undir our p'tccc'oii and yf 

eb to be biiried in the colledg of Warwyck, any dsfp'ace were of the faide dcwies ye 

in the new chappeU ther, the wycli Richard uudirltonde wc fchuld take yt as p'cclle of 

lauerleof Warwyk,hisC3dyr-ui-lawe, laie our fee. Wc remerahre ns ryght wcel of 

letcen, make, and urdeygne, in ca$ tliat i»ny fwychc a p'fre of our volunte to the wyche 

Ckne hereafter he may aiteigne to tlic name we thv nkc not contrarye but and any fwycho 

aad lordfchip of Warwyk as ryglit wolde." be we wyll fie i»wt the fee of S* Ric* Venion 

The following letter, from the pUcc it f '^^^ ^^ ,«"f f P^«^ ^^^^ *»« conrrubutorie. to 

occupies in the MS alH>.e alluded to, «ho fayde deip ne duetej a, weU as ^e, and 
»^ . - • . 'we fyrftc 1 ^rtd of our p ce a fore hem both^ 

appear! to have been written in ,442 ; ^ud wher as ye wry te alfo tkit certen due- 

Rcd I* appircntly •<l*<rejred to the dean ^^ ^^,,„,^,^ ,,, ^^.y,,^ ^^ ^^^ ^^ y^^^ ^^ ^^ 

and chapter of Lichfield. I exhibit it r„j,.j Hadfeldc aiul that our fayde depme 

with the coDtr^aioni and punftuation of fth-dde dyftreyne cvrteyn goot»es rpon hit 

the origin «1. gto^ind for the fayile duete to anfuere you 

* L'ra d'ni Talbot & Fur'iva*. ther of. yc f »ye .md certyfye that our coun- 

^ Trudy and well loved f s'es we gret fey 11 hnu dyffMifid tlie fayde foodet at her 

you wel ofte cymes. And yo'r I're to us y lufle ye nat fdty>fvtd. as co tli^ we be c'tv* 

fent by S* John Chetwynd' ou* of the vycars fyed by ihe f lyde S' Kog' liiat the fayde Had- 

of yoV chyrches we-f have conferred and felde made a zyfteuf al his londe and goodes 

nndy rflonde. And as to the artycles fent by to us at the p'ienicnt of LeyceAr' { for certen 

ynu by the fayde S* J«i)in the fyrfte reh'fyog ciufc. aiid we ther of at the fame tyme puf- 

that ye be credebly cnfbrined that our coun- fellid. :uid fuftVyd hym to occupye to iliac 

fallef wold dyfchsrge our depute of yoV ttie fiyde gojdes wer and ar ahydyng our 

ch'/rche of dahkewell w'l nutc yo'r alfeiite. dyfpuficyon. And na caufe of i^glu loiigyng 

Wyll ye wyte that we harde neve' of noire to you not w't ftniidyng th.-it ue wyll wryt« 

fw)che drfcharge of hym by us ne by our to our vlfycrrs ther that tlie leiit and duete 

Gyde couni'alle not w't ftandyng we under- long;- ng to you of t'le f.iyde gnmnd fchall be 

ilonde we may do yt. And as we fufiiiofe made teve to vo<i io that yoV wrytyng to us 

lAer werctufe for to difcharge hym and ye and the enfoi m.i-.yon titer up rxi y!> nat :ts y« 

niyght fyndc a l>eit' as we be certyfyetl. And have wr}teiin to us latyng you wytc that 

wher ye rcirfe in yo'r fayde I'icsihat our for as any waills longing to us feeiig the aU 

fayde depute had to fee viii marc by zere 10 louance that ye dcfire to be made to oure do- 

f* ue t^ie offyce and that tiie fayde fee hait-e pute and alfo to S' Ric' Vernon is but a fysn^- 

be w*c dr«twe by ui and by our counlcjii. pic guerdon N erles fo as we have o«:cup)ed 

* None of the reciuifitions here mentiooed were compl'rcJ with. N« fuch ccilli»j»,e w?f 
ever fonuded at VVhitdiurc!) ; in which porilli liLcknieic i^ fituate. The great eail^ ie« 
miins were buried in France, hut wcie at lenf^lh eiitoniiied in n fair chifMdi erci^tcti :ftt 
\V];iiclt«rch hy his prandfon Sir Gilherl Talbot, K.G. depucy of C»l.ii^. and embal}aJ>*r :o 
Rome t. nen. VU. (Leland's itin. IV. 23-) s and the earl never fncceeded to tlie f.lle nf 
W;.rwick. 

+ OMerve tlic atfe Aatii?n of roy.^l rtyle : " Tni^y and well beloved" — "we"— "our 
council." This Lift expr?lIion reteit to the notient cu turn of itie grsat peers liaving ia 
conltar.c atiendance a ccrt.^n number of harrl.lers. This ap(>earb from lUt. i^KicIi II. 
c. 12. and from ** t!ic Noithuniberl.irid Ilouleh 4d Book ;*' ulucii tells \l^, as \ir. Kainpg'ua 
(Obi. on AiiC. .Stat. p. 2 71. 3d edit.) has remarked, llut Aigrinon eail of No* ihumbtrlaiidf 
in the time of Hen. Viil had a le^ular e(labIi(hmeot of two h.<rniler«, and their icrv.ims* 
In ttie Paflf.n leiters, vol. III. pp. 6^, Sz* the duke of N'oifoik r|wf.-ik<: of <* ihe ierJei of our 
C(infa>le» mnd odtr of cur lonf.iyU ;" and, in Cuiiins's Peerage, I. lOj, it is faid, that/* KanilU/^ 
the •iiikcftf Ninf »lk's r'4i'^''<'//(&r was unpnfoncd," t. tliz. This affcdtation, as is nfual, df* 
fcendcd very low in focieiy ; for, in the Palton Leucis, I. 17-, o::c Hwury Wiudfii ri)«4i* 
tioiis •• my murtr of tf>c iollei»." 

* This Sir C!Tr:ft'ip!ier is calleil in the pedigrees a knijJ^t. 

I The parlixnenf of Leiccf^er Ha« holden 1426, 4 iieu. VI. Sir Richard Vernrn wag 
tko 3pt£Jcer of (be H«ufc of Cowmins at it. 

a*t 

5 



44 Mifiellatiious Obfirvaiions.'^Parlkmintarj PrMedttigs. 

ztt hcdyito and fer faftynaunce of the ryghc correfpondcot fecms to be i^i 

of yoV chyrchc we will cnf«»rcc us to Mo the nchncts and pi£(urcrquc I 

that niay'ljc hdpc and furthcr>'ng thcr of. Enghnd has juflly obtained it t 

And oiir lordc kcpc you. Wryu at London* ijiijun of « xhe Garden of the 

the xxiui day of Apryllc. I„ ci,^ yeir 1788, we had a 

John' l ord Talbo t and ffurnyvaUe." f^^-^^ ^/ ^^^^^^ fuDlhines, and 

,. ,, «, ftic«, and roaoy in 1791. In f 



w 



H ^T?".Ay EN ftcms (o pccu. ^-^^ ^^^ j^j^^^^^ ^^ ^.^j| ^^^ 
liarly fu^jea to the frtqucut ex- jj,;, kjnge^om. hut ftkms who) 



penence of violent naiuial plangmena, j^ partiality for fomc other, 

refulting not only from the heavens, but q^ What docs " A R.nibl 

from the carthohat 1 hope the compileri j, ^^^ ^^^.^ / p 1 1 14 

of the Hirtory of CumlKrrland will gite a -^^wo incidents tha^ happens 

ihort account of the vanolJ^ misfortunes ^^^^^^ j„^l^^^ ^^ ^^ ^'^ .^ 

erf thofe kinds with which thu import- ^^.^ ^j^,^ ^^^ phyficians and 

ant town has been vifitcd, vo.. LXII. ^^e not allowed t'l.e corpfcs . 

p. 1073- r 1. m/r crimhials that zvc exicuttd, V 

I am forry to fee the affair of the Ma. .^efc gentlemen to thorough] 

^Oocao Indians revived (p. 1000), as a ^.^^ ,*J,^ anatomization of^ili 

connexion wiui them wouW only he pro- ,,^;^ . j,„j ^.^^ ^^^ 1^^^^ ^^ ^ 

cfuaivc of mifcry to them, and Uricom- ,t,^„-, ^ fuflicient number or opp 

fiiurc to us. r , 1 T% I . -1 ^ acnuiiing that knowledge. 

. TothcpIanpropoledbyDcndroplulus, Yours &;c. R 
p. 1080, I fee one ma:eiia| oi>jcaion. 

Treei on th« edii;c% of the canaU would ■ ■ 

iocreaie that putridity in the air, which Mr. Urban, ; 

aiifts from the Haj;nat«d water. YN vol f.XlI. p. R79, there 

• Havib^ been accullomed to pcrufe the L ror, I tuppofe of the pre; 

Ittttrs of your cortc! pond cnt M ■ ■ 's letter from Mr. J«:rmy, refp* 

with advantage, plc»fure, and appioha- .tortoifc. The name of the pta 

tion, I was aftpniihed to obfcrve the field, nor ^ayf^c'd. This to; 

cljarges brought aj;anift his pieces by brought by Mr. Robert Swa 

" A Foreigner,** p. 10905 and imme- Smyrna in 16S3, and given I 

diately gave his letters it. ntw pcrufal, Mr. Jenny, of iJayfield, in N 

and could not difcovcr in them any thing July 16S6. She yearly, in T 

cliher funtijtil, dilnfive, paraaoxicaly or went under ground, where ihe 

trraneous. That Q^een Elizabeth was til) the latter end of March, 

learned herfelf, and an eacourager of (he oiiide a hole in a gravel 

learning and poetry 1 is deducibic from therein ulualiy laid nine eggs, 

moil cf the writings of her time, and not found dead in the earth, A| 

trom the rtvcries of M— r— s's brain, as You may depend upon the tru 

*1 A Foreigner" atferts. In fepiid to account. 

the fcencry of this country, your tv>reign Your?, 5lc. i 



■*■*- 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 17 

H. OP LORDS. whether ihe militia had he 

Thurfuay, J^ictmbir 13. emini'lied ; for, the act cx] 

HIS M^jefty caroe to the Houfe, veikd his Mijelty with that [ 

and opened the fedion with a moU in cafes of adtual invifmn, c: 

gracious Spceciu. (See vol. LXII. p. inriirrtt^:ii/)ns. Now, the Hrl 

1048.) ^ prrrt-ndcd to hive b?cn drca 

The Commons en'd their Speaker ns hf was totally ignorant of 

having retired, and Lord KeKVon, who having taken plaec, he wiHiC' 

fcit on the woolfacky having read the from Adminiftration wheie 

Speech; dcieCltd it: for, an inCurrc^ 

Lord Hard*w:cke moved, and Lord rot he a (ecrtt; and vet he 

U'a!/imK,i*um UccnCcA , the Addrefs, Was very neccl;',4iy jor then 

U he i^uk« oi Nwjylk had hi* doubts tlie fa<S\ to juAiiy their ccndu 



Jmi.] ' ParUamentary Precredings of Lords and Cemm§ns /<?r f 7 5 3. 45 



The Marquis of La»/d§u:m c-ntrrcd 

btot long detail of ihc modev wh.ch 

hid hitherto been purfued hy a!l .idmi- 

^tArationt under fimitar circuniriHiices, 

uid from which he cndtnvoured to 

draw a general blame upon Adminiftra- 

tioB. He diprccated the idea of going 

lAtvirwith Frince upon the quvdiun 

of opcDiDg the Scheldt, conceiving we 

had notbine to do with the buHncfs ;. 

aod that, it wc were bound by treaty, 

the treaty was a bad one; and, tbeie- 

fore, jhe fnoncr we ga«^e it up the bct- 

Ur. Hi» LordDiip then jillud*-d to ihc; 

petition of ihc Ciihoiicks in Iie'and, 

the onmpuints of thofe who were oor 

reprcfentcd in parliament, and upon 

tbeir being obliged to pay taxts to fup- 

pona plurality of p!«icts: and ihcRct he 

drew a Cfinciufiun, that, if \vc did go 

to war, an unanimity was neccilary; 

Dfid there would be noway fo certain to 

procure thit iinanimity as by lilUoiig 

to the complaints of the pto^lc ; and, 1^ 

tiiey wcffc jufl. to redrtis thtm. 

Lord Gremi'/iU c»'fTi'«>aic..1 the atgu- 
ments of the Nable Maiquik, an<{ then 
tovk a r^v.ew of the neccsV'tv thcie w^s 
for taking thw mtai'ures wliich had been 
done. U mob^ and tu:iiU:t!>, which 
the civil fH)\ver had been unaiiie to 
check wi'.iiout the inter fc.inLc of the 
fi'iiitaiy, were iblurret);cns, they had 
t^rn place in fcvcr^i (on^us : but i^iis 
%^as nut ail -, a fpirt of difc^ntcnt had 
Acwn itlcif among a num*;cT of uirkcd 
and drfigiiing nicn, and who, he wa^s 
fiirry ro iiy, verc fptritrrd up by the 
couurcrancc rJiev rtcciTnl ; rue*, lit v/as 
moie iuriy to tird tlicic was ait actual 
DcccJi'iiy ro fpcdk plainly out, for, in his 
fa:tnd, he held no lct:> i!i:-n ten pnpcis of 
a trraibr.«h!k' ca:ur?, vii.'.ih haJ been 
tiauhtiittcd to tht NHMniial ConvtiKtoU 
of Fia»;c»:, in ibe lifi riionth c* No- 
vember ri'l\, tfDm (!:rttrcnr clubs he'd 
in I'li k'r.L'iO'n. Hi* Lo'.dfl)tn tiicu 
read Ic^tiri tK«r.-'C^s rrom I'lclc jvi;'^:rs; 
one of M'tiicli, a::i.r.conip!nininj; ot ihe 
«ippr£irions i!.«.) i<«uuu/cd uader >n this 
country, a:ul CDiiipilnicniiap the Rc- 
pu'>iick ot'Frjn e, (ta'cd, itieic utre 
CC09 Citizens ready to cntorcc tliC 
Kik'.h:s of M/in ; others Itatcd iheii «Ijl- 
lii:i>f.i£)ion H ith tiic ruling ^ |mi\« eik, 
%vh:ch tht-y cai:cd an AiiiKitucy ; and 
rt^.ers, vih.ch even cxpi<i.;Icd an I^opc 
there v.n(ii!d Ci^rCw Lc a r^.ttionn! (Jon- 
%ciiiioii i.i iln> kii't^cloni. Tm. I'lciu'Ii, 
he faid, ii;td infr^n^id uptn our Aiiiev 
byde!r.and'ngtitcyi.ci:ir.^oi the Scheie. 
i^uw, if (his ^01 nt v^ds c'ariicJ^ it \vw>u!d 



pofiTibly enable them to extend the»r 
principles, overturn the Ignited St^tt-Sv 
eflahliHi a fimilar government toih«tr 
own, and thus add them ro their terii- 
torifs. To prevent this, was ceriainlf 
of the gicrteft iinportance to £n^Linds 
and, as they had attacked our aliies, it 
was nicf'fi.^ry to pro^c we held a refjKrfik 
fo' ircarirrs, and flinuld abide by ihem- 
The Duke of C/ar/'«r/ psifeGlv coin* 
cided with the noblo .Secrec»ry of State 
in al! the fentimenis xxhich he had ex-> 
prefled. For his own p^rt, hi had made 
,an ofTerof hi^ fcrvicci in Ms pr'ofeflionrfl 
line, in winch, he tii'^ugbr, he coiild lie 
moO benthcial 10 his couniry. To hint 
it alfo ^ppftared, thdt it was of little fig* 
nifirarion ^'heibTr rh*- opening of the 
Scheldt was of ?.ny c 'nflqucnce tou!»: 
ir was f'uflicient fo cur interfcrtuce, if 
the Dircli lu'.d ii to he f<» to them ; for, 
if the F.ti.ch I]it uid overturn that gt>- 
vernmcnr, niid afterwards have a dtli^o 
upon ou'i. We Miig'i: in that cafe n»c«-t 
Wichahe V Jtc!: iKet as enemies, wherens 
in the piclcnt, we Uiould a^ wiih them 
as frlt*:»s.i«. 

Lords S'.ormcntf FifK^illnfift Cer- 
iyitf a:)d the Marquis of ^'o^jonjtimi^ 
xvc-e in i^ppoit ot the Addicls. Loid 
t\t^ivd'*' ;M:d Stanhope wQvc ag-iinfl ii. 

7 li:: Aidrels was carried without a 
dlvillon. 



T-^ rhc C<inimon!», t!e fame dav, t!»€ 
S/iul^ tf Dciiig retuincd fro^n the l!(»uie 
rf Pfcrs, cIcciHied the writs li« iiad 
ili-'td (*u(ing the rtccl' j after wh«ch rhe 
c'm d-lt nt-r»'i»Uwry bill \v»& rend, prm 
f^rrd the fiill, and ordered to be rcjid 
a (ic'-tid lime. 

Mr. /'r/> Kiovcd the ilfuing of a writ 
for a Bar^cTs to (ervc in Pjihanuni f<ir 
the Uiiivei fitv of C^nbr <igc ; the R.g*^t 
Hon, William Pitt hjv:ng vaciita hts 
Ua; by a.:cepCing i!ic ntiic« of LoiJ 
Warden »»f the Cin<»M'- Port«. 

N?r. Jfkyil bfj:«.t:i :he attention of 
the lioule on a qucltion'of the ^leetcA 
inipurianc': reidlivc to tlicir priMlejies; 
and ohjffted to the a'.^th'Mit) by which 
i'ariiimcnt had been coiiVLncd- 

Mr. DuttJat aifurod the Hon. Gcn> 
tlcman, th^t his M ijufty's M.inlieii 
wi'iiid (Ticet that quell >(»n whenever k 
fiinuld be prop*rrly pr'»pr,lt(J, 

Th :; tif tal rr : he n 1 tad d is MajcAy*^ 
Ip'i.*. c!i iti ihc iiouk, witcn % 

1 he Lc'it Min»r of London requefled 
the indjt^^nce ^\ ilic Houic, as &c waa 
t'';iliy liiui/cd to pui iic ipcnking: be 
ivould Hoi hi*ve iiiuudtd u|>ou*thcii at- 



46 Parliamintary Pr$tiidings of.Lfrds and C^wmonsfor 1793* [J^n. 



tention, but that the important and 
refpoofible fituation which he held in 
Che City of London opened to him 
m«ny fourccs of information, which 
ivcrc not ituinable by others. He ad- 
▼rtted, with much tflfefV, to that part 
of hit Majefty's fpcech that laments the 
poffi^Ie continuation of burdens to fup- 
poit the exigency of an armament, and 
jvof!ible war j obferving, however, that 
tranquillity at home, ond refpefl Abroad, 
were the fureft mtans of p'ocuhng the 
jpermanent and extenfivc alievinti'Mi of 
thofe burdens. After farther aciveic* 
inf , in terms of (Irong encomium, on 
the peace in India, he cuncludtd by 
reading his motion; which, as ufual, 
was an eclio of li:s MajeHy's fpeech, 
fraught with much loyalty and zeal, 
and Hckrowlt^ging the expedience of 
the means taken. 

Mr. U^mllaci feconded the motion. 
Lord FitUv:g approved hij-hly of the 
condud of AdminilUation, in the fteps 
they had taken 10 prcfervethe tranquil- 
lity of the kingdom. 

iLd. If^ytembi declared it was impof- 
fible for him to vote in favour of the 
AAdft(% moved bv the Lord Mayor, 
becaufe it was impofTiblc for him to un- 
derhand it. 

Mr. Fox, as far as his own knowledge 
went, believed every alfertioo in tic 
fpeech to be wholly fatf'e and unfounded. 
Ue depiecatcd profecucin^ men for their 
opinion^ ( as adtions, not opinions, werc 
crimina). The fcrs of Government 
were not eviiicnt duk^ng the march of the 
Duke of Brunfwick, in whofe difco.iiB- 
ruie and retreat he (Mr. Fox) txul:ed 
and rejoiced ; for, that retreat was a tii- 
umph to every lover ot libcriv. He 
jonovcd, as an amen<iment, to rtje^ the 
whole of the AdJrefs, excepting fuch 
par: as protelTcd an attachment to his 
lilaitdv and the Conftliution. 

Mr. tfyntibiim HienuouOy fupported 
the Addiefs, and was aftoniUicd that his 
Right Hon. fnend could fee no danger 
to be appreliunded from iheinduiirv tx- 
crcifed in propy^^ting opinions fuhvcrfivc 
of the Gcvtrnmcnt and the Con(\itu- 
tioQ J it was to be icen in evtrv town, in 
every village; a man could not open his 
eye« withour feeing it, for it was evident 
as the noon -day fun. A f)ftcm of lub- 
yerlioa, to Government was adopted, 
which had never hefoie Inen thought < f , 
and which had its oiigin in the Confti- 
tutioiul Society j was improved by the 
French, and npw leturned to pioduce 
6iiii>ar efi*c£^k to thole it h^ produced in 



France. He coniidered the French td 
be trampling up m the righr* of all Ba« 
tions, and extending in ofl^eniive and 
ruinous war, which it was our.intereft 
to check { and they were promot.og fe« 
ditioR and rebellion, which our deareft 
rights called on us to guard againft. 

Mr. Grey fupported theyamendmeot^ 
and deprecated the conduct of Govern* 
mcnt in the wholo of their adminiftra* 
tton, but particularly in this meafure, 
which had excited a dangerous alarm 
throughout the country,- for feme wick* 
cd purpofeof Mmiftry. If grievances 
were complained of, remove them, and 
the matter o^ fedition would l>e difpt|fed. 
For this purpofe he had laft year ^iven 
notice ot his intention to move a retorin 
in Parliament, in which intention be 
continuid, and fhould embrace the firft 
oppoitunity of perfoiming. 

Mr. Secretary Dunda\ dated to the 
Houfe, that the meafurcs taken by his 
M^jcfty's MiniHer. were in confequence 
of many applications »o the Executive 
Goveinment, from pcrtons of the mcft 
extenfive trade and commerce in tlie ma* 
nufaOuriiig towns of Manchcfter, Nor- 
wich, &c. declaring thenifeives in dan* 
[»rr, from the fcniiments, too prevailing 
ai'no.-.^fy the common people, of equality 
and ievcllii^g. Mr. Dundes then read 
an Add:efk to the National Convention 
of France, from the Societies in Man* 
chefter, Norwich, and a Society called, 
** The Friends of the People;** it con- 
tained the mofl fcandalou^ and inflam- 
matory exprLllions towards the Conflitu- 
tion, and was encouraged and received 
with applaufe by the National Aircmbly, 
ordered by them to be printed, and co« 
pies fent to the different Comaiandcts of 
theii Armies. 

Mr. Sktridan faid, no infurrcftion had 
tr was likely to happen ; he condemned 
as illegaPthe alleuibliLg the Grand In- 
queft if the Nation for the purpofr of 
prcfenting a fa!fc bill agaiiift tJ;c people, 
an:l ch;>fgtd Adminiiliation with having 
fchemcs rhcy dared »ot manly to avow. 

Mr. Burkf compliiuented whe Lord 
Mayor fui his ahPe and elegant manner 
of moving the Addrafs. He congratu- 
lated the Huufe, the country, and the 
City of London in particular, that the 
firf^ Magiftrate of the faift city in the 
world Ihould upon this occafion come 
foiward, fpeaking the fcntimcnt of htj 
tcllow-citizens, tiom whole energy the 
publick had to expc6k, what they hadfre- 
fluently experienced, the moft elTeDiial 
icrvicei ia iuppon of that Monarchy 

which 



•*793»3 P^^^^*^^^ Procii£ngs §f Lrrdt and Commons for 1 793. 47 



whtdi h«d exiftcd for more thaa a thou* 
ftnd ycars^ vvitb the tnrcrmilBon of only 
twelve, which hid fervid 'o uiftruf^ ihe 
people of iinffland with Re MitilicaViifm. 
Xh« R'ghc Hoo. GenreinAD ihen, pro* 
cecdin^ to the qucHion, limened the 
indtfcreet warmth fr.me ^t n Icmen had 
fiieWD upon the queQittn ; Mr. FiiX and 
Mr. Shtridao had duuhted the WX of 
snfurredionsy and had ritifcuUd plots; 
awl the latter gentlcmin had alfertcd the' 
oedaratioQ of the eziHencc of infurrec- 
cioa$ CO be a grofs libel and calumny on 
tlie nation : hut it wa« io fa^^^ no fqch 
thiani for with the fame jutttce Ctcero 
milHbt have been charged with Iil)sl;ng 
aU Kooie, w'uen he anoounccit tiiC con- 
ffuracv of Cataltne ami htv conipamonSv 
and their intcniion to burn the city and 
malTacre the Seoace : inflead of charging 
die people with the crime, they were 
called on to fapprcfv itt they were called 
on to guard againft that French Liberty 
wfaicb fome men were infatuated with 1 a 
liberty which was t)T»nny ihe mod ne- 
farious ; a liberty which neither fccurcd 
pel font DOT properA' ; a iibeny which 
had deftroved one Bailille and cn^eodt r- 
ed chouUniisi which had deflroyed all 
rank and order, all fubordinationt all 
leligioo, an4 all focieiy. What was 
there to admire, or where was'the ground 
fur triumphant cauhation at the rccre;it 
ot tive Combined armies ? Cill them 
wh4t yua will 1 if they had conquered, 
aad cdabiiihed tiie flii£ieit Goirernm'.nt 
of their own country, it would have been 
merciful to France ; for in all Auflria, 
for oae hundred vears, there hare not 
fillcn av many vi^im^ a» in a (ingle week 
in a tingle department of Paris. In that 
fm/ourtd and bappy country, would any 
man wilh to have his (on educa-ed ? 
Whom would he pjint out for an tx- 
impie to imitate ? Would he give 
hini a C.»rra, a TvTirat, or a Rrbcr- 
fpierre, ajoidan Co»m> tetc, a Pethion, 
or Monf. d'Ejralit^ ? Nu, in prefcreucc. 
he niijsh: Ictk the dcepel\ abytl'c* of 
he'll; for woric mtn oetcr exifted j 
but they were fit for the nation of 
wretches they leai — a nation ofrufliaos, 
w ailallms, ot plunderers, of legicidcs. 
With ihefe men wc had worihy alfocia- 
tO!v. Af;tr alfcrtin^ that he knew rhat 
a tadlion ca;ficd in the country, whofe 
inient was to dellroy the Conflituion 
ihey piofclfrdto ma ntain, he conc.utied 
by dccUriiij', ;hatif u vva^ hislaJl bfcatu, 
tljat Drotlr *bou;d Ik in (upport of tlyc 

Aaorcfs. 
Alter fercral other grntlcoien Lad 



fpoken for and aeain^ the Addte(« and 
Ammdmen', the queAiun was* put. and 
the Houfc divided, Avet for die AroemU 
ment 50. Noel C90. Majority for th* 
Addre{» 240. Adjourned at four o'clock^ 

H. OF LORDS. 

Lord Kinjom came to the Houfe fooa 
after one, when (ercr^l petitions were 
read, ani oiderrd ti> lie -on the table. 

The L'^r(U with wnire Raves rcpoit* 
ed, tlict ^riev had Wittred iip<*n his Ma* 
j^fty, and that he hiici :'.pp<i!n cd this dav 
for leceiving ihe A<idic< ; upon whicfa 
the Hou'c wa; adjourned to Monday, 
and LwtHs Ktnyon. Hartrwich, ff^ai/ing' 
tarn, and Sali/bury proceeded therewith 
tu Sc. Jainck's. 

In the Commons, th fame dav, a neyir 
writ was ordered out for the elef^ton of 
a IVIcml>er ro (erve in ParliaMient for 
Gui'dford, in the room of the Hon. T. 
Onfloi^, he havini; accepierl the i>fiice of 
Out-R^ni'er of Windlqr Great Paik. 

Mr, Secrttary Dundas prefent':d iiis 
M^je^y^^ orders in Council, lelative to 
the prohi4>iiion of expniting cor.i. 

The petition againfl the Luw^e^fliatl 
elediiin Was oideicd to he conli cred oa 
.the 9th, and that of the Siockhhdge 
eUAion on the 29rh cf January. 

1 he Lo'd MA}or piefLnred the leporc 
of the Committee appointed to prepare 
the AwdrtTs; whch was received, and, 
00 the fecond reading, 

Mr. Fqx expreffed his difapprobation 
of it. lie ccn(ured the entire condu6^ of 
Addiio'ftration refpc^ling Continental 
Po'icics, and a{Tcitt4i thai the neutrality 
o'oifivcd was the etTi^A of fupincnels in 
Miniiler^y and llMt, intUad ot drpioiing 
t!ie apj;randizc'mcnt of the Frcno^i, thry 
fliould iuye let rhemfelves to check it ; 
this tluv fhou!d have done lu the fiitt 
i(ifl;ince hv negociarion and remonf trance. 
He concluded by propotint! anani'nd* 
mcnr, •* befcechiug his Majeliy to em- 
ploy cvcrv i\ieans of lu-nouiahle nc^<i« 
c .icion, f r tlic purpole ot prcveuiiog a- 
war wjtii Fi aiict..*' 

Mr. iibrrtJam fecondcJ the amend* 
ment, and laid, that, if the advice con* 
taincd therein was immedi.ucly a£l«d 
upon with Ipirit, it might picvent a war, 
and iiot (»i.ly ihi^, but cl.c U:e alio of 
ceitain unhappy j^rlon^gcs, whole life 
cxided bv a Ltiread. 

M-. Curke delivcrw-d his fcntiments in 
a fptech of upkvards of two hours fon;;» 
lie declared, I'.iat as foon asGre<tt Bn* 
tarn ackDO\%Ud;;cd Fiance, trum that 



1I« 



Affaciathni of Corporate Bodies^ OTr. 



nosienf, rtbus extaniibusy (he m\i(l bowr 
the neck' to that country. ThU was a 
€on<eq icnctfywhich he infinedywouid be 
the relult ot^ fuch an acknowledgement. 
It> her fyftcm of cundu6>, France has 
followed the condu6taf Mahomcty who, 
aiFtf\ing to preach peace, carried his 
-Koran m one hand,andJ)is (Vvordin the 
other, to pun I (h ^li who would not be- 
litve l»inf>. Thus a£led the French Rc- 
poblic. It publifhed a declaration of 
tbe Rights of M»o, and then propi- 
gai^d them byrhelWord. With regard 
to a war with France, he ali'ertcd, that 
war had already been declared by that 
ccAinrrj afainll this, by rhe pronnuIga> 
tion ot their decrees againfi al^the go- 
vcrnrpcnts of Europe. He concluded 
with expreffing his difapprobation of the 
amendment. 

Mr. Yorki was aflonifhed at the op- 
•portion made to rhe addrefs, for the 
purpofe of weakening rhe executive 
power, at a liine when the country was 
threatened by fedition within, and an 
iBfatt without; but, though tlix^uencc 
and abilities might be found on the 
other fide of the Houfe, he would not 
look there for patriotifm, moderation, 
or candour.' 

Mr. Adam deprec^ed the war, ccn» 
fored the mode of calling the pariia 
nent, dnd declared for theamenditicnt. 

Lord Carysjort wasa^aiott iheaint nd- 
fnent: he deprecated the condui^t of 
France, and iincercty hoped, that, if 
t%-e fliould be'^involved in a war againfl 
ovr old and inveterate encriiv, it iio^hs 
as oil our former wars with that nation 
had, end fucccfbrblly and honourably, 
••nd enable us to maintain the liberty of 
every country in Europe, and give 



equal freedom and prote^ion to 
Mr. Secretary Z>irWtfi, in r 
Mr. Fox, rontended, that the 
minifteri, far from being car 
their duty, had attended to it 
peculiar degree of punctuality, 
only conAru6lion, he fftid, thai 
be put upon the amendment wa 
vou were to throw yourfelvctat 
of France, and accept of the 
terms they might pleafe to impo( 
thought this country was not vet i 
to fo l#w a date of defpoitde/K 
be induced to make any fuch oin 
without even knowing whetht 
would be accepted. Every 
means would be taken to avoid 
that was confiflent with the dign 
honour of a great nation j but, 
was found to be indefpenfably ne 
he had not the fmalleft dfHjbt 
people of this country would difj 
fame bravery atid courage agaii 
old foes, by which their ancefto 
fo much celebrated in every battl 
the V "fought wi:h the French. 

Mr. Potvys confidercd the \ 
inrcnrion, declared by Mr. F03 
peculiirlv baneful to this countr 
his amendment would have th< 
if pafltd, or alienating the peop 
the executive pouer. To him 
ci'itign with France appeared iinj: 
to whom wns an ambalfador to i 
who was furc that .ihcv wh(5 h 
frribcd your king would accept 
bi^lTa !or fiom him? The addr 
h s !»tMiiy afftnt. 

Thtr cjiui^iTii, on the amcr 
was put ami negatived without at 
and ihc addtris aureedto. 

(To bi contiMnrJ ) 



J i{fl of CoKTOTi KTE HoDlKS, ^C. i 
^ putting tbi King and CoNSTlTUl 
in the T'Cr if 88. 

TH K Corporation of London. 
AiTcciatton for prefcrving Liberty 
and Pioperry (i?*:»n;rt Levellers artj Re- 
publ:cans, at ti.e Ciown «»»vj Anchor 
tavern, in the btrinul. 

Members of Pailiament, &c. -at St, 
A:^ans tavern. 

Mcichanrs, Bankers, &c. of London. 

Mcrch^iJS, ^C. at Lloyd's coti'ec- ho. 

General B')dyof Prorcfinir Uiilenteis 
in [.yndon ajid Wcftminiicr, 

D^puiHcS of Cougre^aiions of DiiTen- 
teis M Loiici'in. 

Tnn»ry-l:(ju!'c, London. 

M'ci* Irrtia PlJiuters and Merchaacs* 

Scotiilii Ilolp^sl, Loncion. 



hiii have ftffcfinird Jnr /"/ Pjfrftftfg 
ION, as tjiabiijhcU at tbi Rkvoi 

The Artillery Company. 
The foelovving Wards, nti 

AlJeate, BiMjfliaw, Bilh 
BitH(J- urect, lkid«:«, Brojit 
Crfudicwick, Caltle Baynatd;^ 
Coieman-!heet, Cordwaincrs, C 
Cn; p!egate, Faninj'dom Withi 
nnjjdnii WitnouT, I^angbwurn, 
tticcr, Portloken, Qweenhiibc, 
Vinrrv. 

Tlic following Livery Comp; 

Aj oiliccarit;Sj Butchers, Ol 
ktrs, l>\cri, Fclrmongcrs, F 
^'e-i, C/Jioeeii, Ironmoiip^eVs, 
. biiUeiS; Suiiouvrsi Viucuers. 

\ 



i. 

* ■ h 
■f- ",.■ 



rx 



»7930 Hevleto ef Hnv PuUicat'ms, ^* 



T 



mG^i mmd im-Frefcn^ cSfc. taken tijm /*»#..,.. r . 

Mf^, /iUn^erin, O^jl/es, and <^rhir I^Ues, T ^*^ ?' ^ '^ » «f/ ^^ fcvcral fubje 
9ecmt Kaitmi/ Demefius, J^ Aubin-Louis ^J* ^*^" ^scatt <lc(cnptions ihiv 
Millin, '"« Ixr'V fourccs, and fupporicd 



prilcntJtion 

T ^*^^g^^<^^n,«f ^he fcvcral fubjcas, and 

wo from 
hv the 



HEdcfign ot this work is ceriaiolv '"^^ rcfpi:i)al>lc tuihoiiiie^." Pro/pf£!MS, 

aiipxccilent rre— :bc N-:ion«l AC- ^*^"* ^^^ '*^* autl.or fpcaks Ike an 
.1.. 1 • «■ . . - i.^_^/i • . 



'i-i 



, ...... .<. ^••>«t i^wiibi^. out 

uereare inourntri-ltlc other ohjc^s, in- 

ttftftiog for ait- and hiftory, which can- 

»« be removed, and will fcon t»c rie- 

iirojred, or dgMminris, All national mo. 

ituiMoiH 'uch as caftlcs, i^hbcjs, monaf- 

leries, and ocheis, that icprc(«nt the 

HT^at CTcnts in our hiHorv. tombs, in- 

knpriont, pa>a;cd glafs, fliiines, rclicks, 

valet of r^ni^iiUr form, and ail that tx- 

citea the cunolity of thofc who wiih to 



their KHow-cit*>Z'.-nf , involvtil the t!emo- 
lition of their monunicms, whole merit, 
as woiks of an and hiHr-pc c»iHtncf, 
could nor pitfervc them. Eien D..vid, 
whofc engraving ha- contrihuicd tc, pie- 
fcrvc fo nianv, in the ze^l with uhich his 
btjr.g a national rcprcfcntaiivc ha% in- 
feiled him, ciits as Icud for tiub oi.rraj^e 
as the mol> it^noi ant Vandal aiiiorj«: his 
fcllnws. Men, that cou«d Tuft; r and 



enter ioto the details of oui hidory, wilt cnnnive at ihe dcOiui'.Ht.n of fome of 

he carefully attended to. Staturs and ^*'*''" ^'"^'''^ <^-tueN and monuments, may 

paintings on glafs will exhihit the por- !**^ fairly conftrucd guilty of com.i.and- 

irairs o? eminent men; ioml>s will recall *"J^ '^' 

the remembiance of their vices and vir- ^". ®"^ review of the fiifl fix number*, 

lues. Epitaphs and infcriptions afcertain '"•'^^^'^K ^^^ ^'^ volume of this ufeful 

tpochs, names of o£5c(S irt) longer exi ft- ^'-'^^ (^'^' LXI. p 563), wc « xprclird 

ing, and furnifli fa£ts and auccuorcs little ^ r«-Krct that the exctvt r jj or the platca 

known. Buildings will Hitw the pro- was Jo unecjual. M. Millin txpc.ftulated 

grcfsof archite£|uie, fiom the bt^inmng with us on the ccnfurc; and wi explained 

of monarchy; ornaments, va(c>, flirines, ourfelvts in our Index Indicdti.rius (ib, 

that of the arts of dcfijjn. Thtlc dif- P" "39. <« alfo p. K49). The plates 

fercnt objefls united wilJ prtfcnt a fciics ^^^^^ injproved in the (uccrcrim^ vo- 

of inlUumcnt^, civil, icli).'ious, and mi- ^un^es, whole contents, forming 17 arii* 



-....^-.. ...... ,y- ,,.4^,^, y^ ^„u in^, name: 

and ^ions of our ancefio»s. The Na- 
tional Alfcmbiy, in abolidiing hereditiry 
nobility, did not intend nor could hinder 
a name b^rne by pciron<» who have ren- 
dered it iliufliiouN fiom rccailinir gic^t 
lecolleaioos. We have left the aims on 
the tombs, i>tcaule they btlongc*! to the 
peiC^ns depofitcd in ihuie tombs, lhuMj»h 
»»w to nobody. The National AlUm- 
hly, in Its wife decrees, furb.'.d diltuib- 
iog the retreat ot the dead. This out- 
hoe of the work will fufSct to (hew 
ttlK-rein it diffcis from all that luve been 
hiti»cr:o pj|>li/bcd, ioiendtd only to df- 
f-rit>c vail i^uiJd.pgs, fquarcs, &c. Our 



the old bridjjc at Or//tfwj. rc-cift in i^>i 
(the fecond lij^urc c»(l ]n Frai:Cc), a« d, 
after being 30 \cais ot:: of fi^ht. ;u up in 
'\*s prcfent fjtuation in 177 1. Jf we are 
rightly infoinitd, it is n 'W entirely ilc- 
ftioycd, mcicl\, we hiiievc, htcau'e rhe 
fiifuic of k:n^ Chalks Vjl. mauc a 
pan of the j;roupe. 

The cafl c and church of rinc^nyiei. 
The dun( C'^n was nearly citmo'iihcd l»v 
the mob in 1791, lor ftai it fhould iWA 
be uied as a pidon. 'i he painted g-afa 
in the chapri was after dtr:t;ns of Ka- 
phael. and rewrefcrrtd F-rarjci" I an'i 



T rri.t'f '' "*^""' monuments, ties of En,l..nd-Mo.;a. co. Anv;hc;mu.i- 

iixtDglifli have let us the example. Anc.t|ia..*m Rejx,rtory— J>i>orr;M>bia Jiri- 

5Jnce tftc oelhuainn of the clergy and tann.ca- Nasnia Uiitaunica— UoiiVaiu.. of 

r.iuorki in iheir ifland, they have pub- .^mw-Arcbaiologiu," fcc. fcc. &c. 

Ct£nt. Mag. Januarj, 1793, Pjjjna 



jO Rtxnnv of New PuHiciithfU. [ J^* 

Diaina of Poitiers. The bronze bflptif- but that print bat efcuped our colkd)or« 

ttry of St. Louis, io its facrifty, may T )ic Cordeliers at FirrvM. 

compare with thofe of Winchefter and The church of St. Spire, at Corlnclf 

Lincoln for its ornaments, which are with the monument of Count Aymoat 

dmrnajked, or inlaid with filvcr, and bear- the three feats for the ^eiming frieMt 

ingan Arabic infcription, exprclTing that on the epifilt fide of the altar^ and cm 

it was the work of Mohammed, Ton of grotefques under the feats of the Oallt 

Ahzeny. (m'tfericordis), and the betuttful ftrine 

The abbey of Rffyaumcfit, where are of St. Spire, 

the tombs of feveral children of St. Poni rouge, at Paris. 

Louis. Vol. IIL contains the followii^ it ar« 

The ^convent of Bons-hommes tt tides, numbered in continuance from 

CbmWet, the preceding volume. 

Abbev of Barhiau, the Oone altar- The church of the Cordelien at 

piece ot whofe church is wonderfully MaMtes, 

rich, and before it the tomb of Louis Convent of the Great Augnftinety at 

Vn. of modern conOru6)ion, ^^which^, Paris. In this church was the diapd 

being threatened as well as the church, of the Holy Ghoit, errded in mcmoiy of 

with the de(\ru€tion which has already the order of the Holy Ghofl, inftititted 

(wept away many monuments of our therein by Henry t if. ij79l of which 

hiftory, the National AlFcmbly, at the there was a pi^ure, deftroyed hf the 

requeft of the department of Seine and Leaguers on the murder of the Gaifet. 

Marne, decreed that it ihould be re* In another chapel, ereAed by Philip de 

moved to Fontainbleau.^' Comines the hiOorian, are his and hit 

Convent of the Oratory, in the ftreet wife's and only daughter's monuments 

St. Honor^, with the tombs of Cardinal and figures. The knights of the H0I7 

BcruUe and Nicholas Harlay. Ghoil were indallcd in the choir, which 

The old cadle of Cor ^/f7. was adomcd with fevcn paintings, 16 

Fountains of Juvify, and the double fect^by it, of the ceremonial, &c. The 

arches there, in the road from Paris to two halls, decorated with memorials of 

Footainbleau. the knights, 1733* are now ufed for the 

The priory of the two lovers, in Nor* payment of reots) and receipt of comri« 

mandy. butions. A philanthropic fociety af<-' 

The gate of St. Birnard, and the pri- fembled in this convent in 1780, and at 

fon caUed La Tour mile , the prifon of prefeot relieves about 1000 fuperaoau* 

the gallev-flaves, at Paris. The elegant ated labourers, blind children, poor wo« 

ba^ reliefs of this eatc, the work of Tuhi men with 6ve children and ready to lie* 

the Roman^ in the reign of Louis XIV. in with a fixth, poor widows or widow* 

are very inditferently cxpiefTed in this ers with fix children ; which example 

engraving. has been followed in other cities of the 

Notre dame de Mantes, burnt by our kinedom. 

William the Conqucn r, and not lebuilt Monumcntsof ihetownof#Vr»w. Here 

till the reign o\ Louis IX. in a boM and were a collegiate church, three nunneries 

beautiful Oyle, by Ejdcs de Montreuil, of Udulines, Quns of the congregation 

who deiigned moft cf the chuiches of of Notre D^me, and one of Auguftines* 

that reipn. M. Millin, in his delcrip- founded by St. Louis, with an hofpital, 

tion of It, has flicwn liimfelf not inltnli- and two pari (h> churches of St. James 

blc to the merit of Gothic architeflure. and St, Genevieve; the firil of theie now 

Several flatues have been taken away dcltroycd, the other only hajf. In the 

f.om the door of the chapel of the Ro- collegiate church is the tombof William 

fary; it is not faid by whom, or what Vernon, with his figure inlaid in white 

has been done wirh them. m.irble, now leveled io the floor of the 

The old palace at Rouen, built hy nave, where it will foon be rubbed »uc 

Henry V. of England, with a view of tt by the feet, badly engraved by Ducarel, 

in its original it) le, from Ducarel, whofe from which is copied that of another 

inaccuracy is here ccnfuref-. By the William Vernon, now deftroyed, as 

call le is the ftatue of Henry IV. which were the fcreen between the nave and 

the populace- have decorated with the choir, and the ioclofure of the cloiders. 

bandeau and flag of liberty, without de- A beautiful new high altar was brought 

ilroying it. This cattle has been en- hither from the Carthufian chuich of 

graved by the Society of Antiquaries j Gailloni and the old one broken to 

pieces* 



ijfjgj Rmtw 9f New Publications. 

fkci. The tombs of the Vernon fs- 
milr wert in tbis cMr. There is only 
tliatof Maribal Bcllcide, 1761^ and his 
ioA iLilled 'at the battle of Crevcit, 17 $8. 
The'aniclc of Verpoa is Tcry full ; and 
M. Millin U uidcbted for many particu- 
Im to M. Goyotf a prieft, antieot canon 
of Sc. GneDault, at Corbet 1. This re- 
fpedaMe and ▼irtoous eccle(ia{HV:k h<s 
cmptoyed himfelf en the hiftorical and 
ttpo^raplitcal defcription of Normandy, 
aad ibe dvil and ccclefiaAical antiquities 
of France* 

Charch of the Holy Sepulchre at P^s- 
m, whofe altar-piece is the Refurrcflion 
of Chrlft, finely piictcd^jy Le Uruo. 

The collegiate church of *E€Ottfs, with 



5> 



US in the proofs and materials of (uch 
differtarions. 

Palace of tuflicc at Rttten, where the 
parliament of Normandy ufcd to afllm- 
ble. the hall of which is the laii^eft and 
beiJ lighted in the kingdom. The de- 
fcription irciudes an account of this and 
other parliaments, and of chimncjs. 

Church of the Mithurines at Paris, 
Of all the tf mbs dcfrrihed in it lire now 
to be fcen only thofe of the loyal A^athu- 
rio, the two fcholars hanged at Mont* 
faucon. ihat of Sacro Boico, ihe architect 
Roman, and thofo at the door of the chap- 
ter- houfe. The pi6lures have been re- 
moved, and the Ttii of the buildings de- 
ftroved,or fuc ucded by buildings or good 



the mooument of its founder, Euguenard cffc6^,de(i(XDe<i in V'l ugesarchiteAof the 

de Maugoy, who was put to dcVh, 13 1 $» new cluiArr, unciei wiiich the Univcrfity 

bf iht influence of Louis Comte de Va- of Pans ufed to hold ci>cir iedions every 

loU over L<jutt le Hutin. In a ptefs three months, and over it was the library, 

under the altar t» kept a wooden crofier, Thcfe alterations, we prcfume, were 

of haftlCy qurved wfth the hiftory of prior to the Revolution. 

Cbrifty and phages of "Scripture, in ;» Commandery otSt. Johnio Z'j^r. 

ipiral line. The head of it, here en- The pillory at Paris, 

graved, n very like that of Wykeham, St. drMi at Paris. 

at Hew College, Oxford. Tower and fouatain of the Maid of 

The church of St. Benedifl, at Paris, Orleans, at Roue»» The tower was her 

has in k a SDooument of Francis Fyoc prifon pieviuus to her ^execution in the 

Baron Mootpont, acommi(tioner in par- old marker, fince made the calf-marker, 

liamcDty who died in 1716. A figure of where was ettfled the crofs engraved 

Death, fufpeoded in the air, uncovering here and by the Society of Anoquaries 

an urn between two DeailA heads. The ( l^eiu/la Monum«nta, II.pl. XXXVllI); 

attitude of this figure, the foldings of the to which fucccedcd, 1755, a fione ptdcf* 

drapery, and cxpietllon of the heads, are tal, w:t)i her Aarue. 

truly admirable. We think the addition Vol. IV. onta^ns 13 articles* 



oi ^Miings to Death novel, to fav the lead. 
M* MiUin difcufTes the different aud 
more pleafiog manner in which the an« 
ttents rcprefenicd Death titan the mo* 
^ros. Perhaps ihey did not underhand 
enough of anatomy to reprefent it as a 
JktUUm* In thife clmrch is buried the 
famous medalid, f^uilianty an<i the cele- 
bratcd lawyer, Chopm, who ufed to fiuciy 
lying on the floc*r, furrounded hy iiii 
bookSy and died i6o6, under the opera- 
tion for the ftone j the anacomid, l^iir/- 
/ko, 1760, and many famous printers, 
particularly BaJius AJctpJins, Krrvir, and 
Cratmofjyi and eitgravers, as jjuifrau, 
Pmliy^ and htariettr ^ alf'>, Clauuc and 



Cha-^c! of St. Tvis, in Paris, 

The Caiihufian monaflcry of Lez 
Gai/loft. The* church w*s rebuilt in 
1764, after a fiie which deftroyed the 
monuments of the Counts of Soilfons- 
Bourbon. 

Jacohine convwit in St. James's- ft reet 
at Paris, aboumling with tombs of the 
houTe of B>)url)on. 

Ai)bcy oi Bonporty lM;longing, at prc- 
fcnr, to M, dc la Folic, who received 
the compiler with intiniie coidialitv, and 
permitted hint 10 draw the diftcrtut 
anicics. 

Ch-<nel of Sr. Julian of the minftrcls 
at Parts, \^iti) a curious drllcrtaiion on 



Ci'urlcs Pirrauit, and Baron the comic jongleurs and mtnlirel., and the anticnt 



a6b)r. 

The great clock at RoutM, and the 
fountains iist ^l»jfaers ano dr. iu Crojt, 
This clock emitted m 1409, bui ihe 
tower earlier. The dciciipii^n ut it is 
accompanicii with a cinigus (iitVcitatiou 
on clocks and witccnes in Kuropc. 1: i^ 
iurpntiDg how ihc French lueriti excel 



tHi«lle. 'llie altai -piece ot this ch>*rch, 
aCi^rift, by Lc Brun, bat bufn prefer Vfd, 
What is cone wi'h the chu:ch, and the 
re It c»f U5 a ppuiic nances, \yc arc jaot 
told. 

The town of Cbaumpnt, and the 4bl>ey 
of Comir tofi.itfif' l iic p«Mfli«church 
of Ciuuiiioni IS dedicated 10 £c. John; 

its 



52 Revitw of New Puhlicaiionsm [ J^Oi 

its winr!ows have many good paintine;s built by the (ide of the old one, which 

of the hlRory of St. Louis, &c. An- contained a number of old monumeotii 

other church i& St. Martin d'Aix— removed on rebuilding, and given here 

There is the priory of Aillcric, whofc fiom older drawines. 

church was decaving before tbc Rcvolu- The town of Pont d$ i^Arcbe^ with irt 

tion. The ruined church of our Lady caPlc lately deftroyed. 

in the fort, and the chuich of St. Peter's With this volume M. Millin clofes bii 

priorv. publication in numbers ; his puMiiher, 

£o«? Pont priory, whofc eftatcs were having lo'^ fo much bv thi* mode^ de- 
fold to Mr. Hoguer, i7()i, for 649,500 tcrmincs to publifh bv volumcsy to be 
livres, valued *t 4oS,S7 2 livres, and the paid for a*, thev cumt out, indtrad of 90 
church maHe parochial, after ihc three annu^il fnbfcription of four guineas eich| 
belU had been melted down. as bvfoie. 

This is almoft the only rclii'/ious houfe Wo liaye only to vvifli thatM. MiiliOi 

whofe difpofaV we" are toM of. Wc have if he is m»t afhitmrd or afj^H to -pctlc 

long; wilhcd to have an accouru cf ilieir t»ic truth, wou^d tell us what monuments 

falcs, and the dilpofition or d*-rtrudion of aniicnr and modern tafle and art have 

of ii;cir buildings and monuments. But aiieady fallen a facriBce to the national 

the PVench know bciter than to cnf.r m- frenzy. 
to a detail of their own havock. In the 

mean time wc commend M. M:ll:n*» in- x.TJfayi om the JJtHi and Writittgff ¥\tXxA)» 

tentioa to pieferv., as much as l»c can, oj Saltoun, and the Poff VUnnxUm, hicgra* 

the annent plory of his country in the f^ical, critical^ and foliticaI\ with fim 

monuments of their Pictyand LoyaUy— ■ ■P''''"'J ^f Thtwfon's nattr before pMified^ 

virtues now reduced to ol>foU?c iiui ob- ^ I^^vid Stuart Earlcf Buchan. 

noxious words: and we hope, in the ^ THE nob'c wiii^r opecs with ao 

large coUeiSiion which, he tcils us. he in:iodu6^ion, crn!a<n<ng an hinoricnl 

ha? by him, he has l)fen time cn<^ii^h to flt^tch of Li^cny In Scotland, "divided 

anticipate the ravages of ti)c <leltruftion. ^'^'o three pens, the Gothic, Puritaiiicaly 

i>*r^ir^j .9. /f.'«5jr, the library ot whole and Philofophxal ^ges,* unde'r which 

abl.ey is made a repofifory of the pic- thrtc htzds, without once mentioning 

t u res colic ^Ud in the N-rthcrn depart- the /ormidabti ind firofcri&ed vccahig, I 

ment; aniung which aic m^ny of the A^all endeavour to make it clear and 

Flemilh and fome of rht Ii.'.lian fclrjols. conxuxir.^, to lit mcanef) and moft ob- 

City and caiHe ot Giiws, On the "U'ae capacity, tr. at poiitical ene»gy and 

front of the parifh- church ar? two ti- fcntiment were never wholly (uppicifcd 

gures, habiicii in a phrt.cuUr manner, in »^v native cnuntry.** ' - 

and tilting ort n^iiicnt feats, beini:^ (iuiltcs " Great and hig booki have been vmtten 

rf the icuiptor troin anrvjue mDnumrnt^. to (httw that Kn^lilh law and liberty are as 

Within the church is a h;;u'^e of a dc.\d <>^^ '<i^ t'^c comniy. I iliflike^/]^ books; and 

or dying man, by Gonjon, the fitft na- Icave^ Lord Lytielton in podeHion of the 

tive fculpror of eminence in France; field" (p. vii). — •' Buchanan wa^; the father 

which M. Mi'lin recommends to i»c pre- *'^ W'»'SR«»7> as a fyfiem, in Britain, if not in 

ierve^l in a mufeum. Tnc hiftory of ^"'"r^ » he Lord Baton or Newton of poli- 

Gifors or rath: r part of Vexin Francoiv, ^'^^'^ *'='«"<^^ 3"** fent.mcnt, by far the great- 

b. Robert Deniaud. LL.D. remain, m "'J, Tt" • ^''' '' Napier was of hia 

MS. i. the liands of the Trinitarians of ^^ZV\^ZTT ,'" '!°^"''^ ^ r«>'^>«^ 
J luence is above all others id real import- 

tins city. f , o, i,M L . ance; with relived to wliich, we may fturlr 

C^rmcites of the ?/«</ Maubift at fet down every other with ao a^Ia of a 

Pans, in.luciinp: an hifiory of the order, h<i:td fmile .xut Jeeu,tdum, To women, fome 

and prints cf the halms, and of the bow or cl her,' wc have been indebted from 

heavy Oone altarrpiecc, created in the the licgimang for fo'tunate revolutions, fav- 

leign of Louis XIV. ing ;n :he cafe of Lady Adam, ;.nd even ^lat 

A cloidcr, vvich a ftone pulpit and co- is not earlonizjcd by the (Iridlefl tht:(]li>giiins. 

v^r, and the cpjraph of Giles Ci^rrozot, "^ ^ ''^® beauty, gaiety, a(id impniilence oF 

the ohiert dcfcriher of Paris, who i}i Kii Mary Stuart, the daughter of James V. we 

ip 1568. The King out chafed all the J»^c indebted for the prefent ftate of Britain, 

MSi. in rhcM library, for an aonuai a!- ["^'jas^t »s. Had Mary bc«n prudent, Scoi- 

lowAncc of !.• \r ^^"^ Ttw^w. have become a Popifh monrrchy. 

Convent of 'ifs Blanc ManUaux, at ^"S'^nd, at belV, would have been u,)d.r ita 

Pan., reouilr .685. The cl.u.ch.-.?-- )' W^-L^^^^^^ ""^i 

.. * , ' . -^ , tnc Maartsj and we ihould not \avt IuhI 

flUmmt aegrauci, was very bcauiiful, occafion to deprecae Gallic fi^du^p with 

,tUc 



iy93»] Rivifw 9f NiVD Vuhluauom. g^ 

the romdrous infinity of modem FiiRliih- cf the exile froiTi Britain, and particu- 
jnco, boc CO deplore ihe wart of it" (p. Urly thofe of his own country, in 0!^po. 

• •••V • • ■ 

XX)— xxijj;. fiiion to the arl»irr?iy mvafarcs of James 

Somucli for his Lon'fbip's Ovle. His II. *' But it docs not a.^pcar tluc^he 

political crtcd with rcfpcdi to Scotland pvffcn'ed much of the cotiuicnce of the 

U«l follows: P^'^y* ^^ ^3S unaccommodatiwg, and 

"A*.l think it unneccfT^ryto delineate tic ran exirwja^a^tlji on tiic piojc'it t.f Z^/- 

ijiriiof the times in Europe with refpedt to tin^ up a (ummonnveaith in Stoiland, or 

fOMromeDt, fo I think it tf>be indifpemably at lea{\ a iDo^a chv io liinitcii as hardly 

Teqared at aiy hands that 1 IbonlJ, with le- to bear any tctcmhlanceto a kin^^dom."— - 

lpe!a to Scotland, deprecate tlie lefufal of a *< ArovD's expedition,, conceited at thiC 

nikia 10 my country, the neceffiiy for w'-.ich ii,ne with Mnnm- uh and the partv, was 

w«.fo ekxjucmly fet forth by my favourite the mort inviriop to F. etcher ; but being 

Flcichers that 1 fhould maik with 117 Hack- diff^ti^fitd wirli the pi u of upcraiion and 

eft coal the game-licence aa, which is an hi. countrymen wi.oenjovcd i\Jooinouth'f 




of the people, Ut that iotje be ever fi ill ^rin.$fs Sophia to turn mt cut, fccn ii 

wfrvRed^ and deiTumd ever fo n^uch re- Lo'd RocliforuS hands, while fecrrtary 

fbtn<a:iui; thitt 1 ftiruld loudly proteft that of flate, which were afterwards in O'hcr 

a parliament ought to be allowed to die a hands tiiat metd not be mentiontd, and 

natm^i deoih j and tliat, if a parliament, ^grt probably treated a i be etich nueri 

CMireinpUting the foreboding of tilt: om.nous formerly, and as rgpubitcum art no^ 

imprrfecifois of the Coiil^ituiion, ihuuld. on ^y^^/,^ betyhmf otter Jkmgs,'' Ficidu 



lion wmcn niuii unuouniedy at iie, ana ii^ut r m « • i l 1 j 1 ^ i- 

«.fi/^,hom their poIii^cM fr^iichifes be.ng *" » ^^"T^v''? '''*"*^*' ^^j'V^ '^"^ "^' ^^'': 

brought 10 the level of hirroundiug n..iii»ns '""« "> *^>'' 'he miyor of Lynn, agamfi 

with a violent jeik. Lei I's n..t (r..id my ^be laivs of war, in the futkUn hc-t of 

admirable prcc^rfior an.' frit- ml, Ad^m J>m th, pallion, on account of coniumelious lan- 

wilior of tl'.e K//:ij or tie Jf',a,'t/jcfNatiomJ gua^e ufed to him by the ma) or on rc- 

Talhb believe ih;a Gieui Biiiani n, ca)>able claiming a hoife of liis th^t had b-.ca 

of fopnortjiig any burthen" (p. xxxv — imprelled by Fletcher'^ party. This un« 

xxxviii). guarded, uoioLiierlv, and urjuftihible 

<* I will not offer incenfe to the living, but a^\ of violence mult have rmdcicd hit 

totheilead. 1 infciibe ibis uiuitiie following future fervices on the expedition of little 

flieet.^ to the memory of Sir Ge«»ige Savile, coufetjucnce 10 Monmoutb," wMdIc Icr. 

vi RufToid-hall, 'M.P. for the county of ___^ 

^^'t^'" k How different the cliara<ftcrof William 
Andrew Fletcher, of Saltoun, was the Third, drawn by Dr. Somei-vile, in hit 
fen of Sir Robert Fletcher, of Sa-toun, clear, judicious, and impartial ** View of \V.9 
by Catharine, daughter of Sir Henry political Sute of this Countrv, ft "m the Re- 
Bruce, cf C^'ckniamDaD, lo tli-t he was ftoiation to the Death of that Monjrch i" 
Mternally dcfccndcd from the royal fa- " In the rliaradTer of VVilliiim we turn our 
ini;v of Biucc. His farltr kit h.in eyes lo ftei ling meii% n;.ktd;uid unnd;>riieil. 




to tUe Continent. He began h.s pubbc ^^^^^^ ^ deliber.Ke nfort ot the under- 

career bv oppofmg the Duke of Lnude. - ftj,„,,ing js necrltirv to perceive an.i clbmate 

dale's adminifliaiion, and ti.c aitiiirai'V j^g dcleVls. William, wiin all his vmues, 

dtljgns of the Court, for uhich he foon rcfpcdled abroad, rolpedod by poilet:iy, 

afterwards retired to England and Hoi- ^evcr obtained from his fuhji;<?lc ai:0 c*)ntem- 

land. He kept up a corulpondence with pinvtries at home the tribute o^ a!«.dion and 

the patriots at honic ; and ih iU>5 caire pLtiic adeqiuio tothe n»eritof hikviiUiesaad 

to the Hague, to alhll at ihe dclii>ciatiuca Uie impui unte of liii ferviceu*' 

vie: 




^4 Riview of Niw Publications. 

Vice he nulttecl, not on thit accouor, but 1698, great in the debates concerning 
becaufc he was proclaimed king at Tiun- fixinjy the fuccefTion, 1701.— -"He was 
tony which he confidered as treafun a- by far the niofi nerrous and corred 
gaioft the ju(\ rights of the nation, and fpeaker in the parliament of Scotland^' 
treachery on the part of Monmouth. He for he drew his fl\le from the pure mo- 
went to Spaini and was there imprifoned, dth of antinuity, and not from the' 
and releafcd in a miraeuhus mMntr, and groffer pra^ical oratory i>f his contem- 
cfcaped no lefs fo being rchbed and mur- poraries) fo that his fpteches and hH. 
dered by the twarning 0/ a ^voman of a language will bear a comparifon wiili 
nury nf^eQahU appear OMCi. Such was the heft fpeeches of the reign cf Queen 
the account he gave of both cfcapes to - Anne, the AuguHao age of Great Bri« • 
the then lord-marihal of Scotland. After tain, far fuperior to the meretricious^ in- 
Icnring as a volunteer in the Hungarian fluted, metaphorical flyle i.f our modem 
war. he joined the Prince of Orange. He orators » fi€>m which r<rmark I muft fet 
irefufed to accept of liberty as a royal fa* down Mr. Fox, member, fur *Weflmin« 
¥Our from James II. 1686, and remain- fl^r in the prefcnt parliament, as a woo- 
ed abroad. He made a manly, noble derfal exception. In many rerpe£ls Fox 
appearance in the convention which met refeinbles Fletcher; and may he dofe 
in Scotland, after the Revolution, for the his career fp as to deferve*an equal cha- 
fcttlement of the new government. rafter I*' (p. 58). 

Fletcher'); biographer takes every op- 'Mn his peifon Fletcher was of low 

rortunity of (hewing the conformity cf Oature, thin, of a brown complexion, 

is fentiments wiih thcfe of his hero, with piercing eyes, and a gentle frown of 

But, as much as he wifbes for reform in keen fenniiility appeared often upon htt- 

the Britifli Conditutirn, by the cqualiza- countenance*' (p. 62). His portrait^ 

tion of the rights of eUftion, and the prefixed tu this account cf him, painted 

abortion of the rights <>f primogeniture I)v Aikman, drawn by Anne Forties, and 

in private fucccllion, lK)th which, he fays imitatiJ bv the Earl of Buch/in (Bucha- 

(p. 40), will Jooa he dtvtakdid an'i ob^ nix corner imhavit), gives 00 very pleaf- 

taintd by the people, he '* would warn ii:g idea of him. ** To the menpory of 

his countrymen againfl every approach this extraordinary man J have reared this 

to haOy determination upon the mtihcds nionum^ni. Tl.e bodies of men aie 

of repairing the old houle, left it ihou'd frail dhu p::rifhing ; (o are their portraits 

tumble about tlieir eais"'( p. 41), as has and nionumcnib; but, upheld ky thi 

too facaily been the cafe with hib Lord- patver ot tbt Oe.'tert the form 9/ the ftul 

ikip'b favourite Giliic politicks. is ettmcl. Ties carnot be leprefented 

Fletcher was the cunrrivcr and mover by ttacues, or by pi£turcs, nor otherwife 

of the a£^ of the Sc(;tifh parliament to than by a cjtiform.tv of manners. May 

flop any fettlement of tl.c ctovvn til! the vvha:ever ums jgicac and truly valuable in 

ConAitution way foimed, and tb; righis Fierilu-r b<: for ever imitated by my 

of the people fecured ; and \\\% ipt-eclies countrymen 1 and may the fplendour cf 

on that occafion are here given. VVhic his virtues leflci^t honour upon his fa* 

others, whether Whigs or Tories, were nii!v> ancj gloriK hi& kindred chiougbout 

endeavouring to turn the I'cvo'ution in all gcntrafons I" (p. 62). Fourteen of 

Britain to the promotion of their own Mr. Fletcher's Ipccchcs clofe this ac- 

lielfifli purpofes, Fletcher neither aikcd count. 

net owaioed any emolument from the From the EfTay on the Life of Thorn* 

Court, but was continually attentive to fon we learn little new. No notice is 

the intertfl and honour of Scotland. He taken of his faiher; but his mother is 

ufed all his influence with the Duke of faid to ha»e been ** well educated, a 

Hamilton, 169a, to forget the caufcs of woman of uncommon fenHbiiity, and eo- 

his difguil, and cc-operate with the dowtd with fubiirae aflfc^ons." His 

friends of a free ConAttution. He was countrymen hive reafon to be proud of 

the firft fiiend and patron of Patcrfon their only poet of Genius; but what en* 

proje£lor of the Darieo Company. In diars him to his noble biographcry and 

(lis parliamentary condu^l, fioni this was the motive fi.>r placing him in com- 

bufy period till the meeting cf tic Union pa:ifon with Fletcher is ** his ait^cl ment 

parliament, he was uniform ard iudcfjii- to the caulc cf (x>Iitical and civil ItL»crty. 

gable, continually attentive to the I ij^hta A fl^e conOiiution of gcivrrnmenc, or 

of 'he people, a ttrenuous butunlucxcir- v-liat I would beg leave to call ihe Au^ 

fui advocate for a national miiiua, m /0rri7r/cf i he people, is the fAhoc^atf 

which he wrou a^Difcourie^ piiotcd in tMoral dijtmjti\ and, afur having i>cen 

5 Ibugiit 



17931 



Review of New PuhUcattons. 



5S 



fingbc for in Tain for ans, has been which he foon renounced, and wa«crown« 

find mikiS^fim of Tnttbf §M tit right cd by the Emperor, 1515. H« early 

mmltf Common Sen/if mmd at the feit became a champion of Luther, whom \ic 

^.Fhittfophfi the priming-prefs has been exceeded in warmrh of zeal, and wrote 

the difpeadry, and half the world have much in favour of the Reformation. 

kcomc voluntary patrons of this healing Erafmui, though his old acquaintance 

icmedy.*' Anacharfis Klootz could not and friend, lefufed a vitic from hini ac 



oitdo this rant. Unhappy France hat 
finmd this new-invented ConRitution the 
iovTce of all moral mifchief. His Lord- 
frip informs as, that Lord Chatham (then 



Bafil, for fear, as he pretended, of 
heightening the fufpicions which were 
entertained againfl him ; but his true 
reafon, a^he wrote to Melan£thon, was* 



Mr. Pitt), iS years after I'homfoo's that he (hould have been obliged to uke 

deatb, told him, that ** before the end under his roof that proud boatler, op- 

of this century, either parliament will prcfTed with poverty and the poz, who 

leform itfelf from within, or be refornt- only fought where he might quarter 

cd with a vengeance from without." He himfelf, and to borrow money of^ every 

adds, '* Nu wonder that when the brutal man he met *. This involved him io a 

Johnfcn tried to read liberty when it firft' fatirical controvetfy, which death pre- 

appeared, he foon defifted when John- vented Hutton from continuing. He is 

wo's countrymen try to read France's « iaid to have died, 1523, of the diforder 

liberty and defift."— All the reft is made alluded to, on an iftand of the lake Zu- 

op of private letters, and fcrap of poetry rich, where he had concealed himfelf for 

by and on Thomfon. The Eulogy de- fafety. Such is the outline of the hifiory 

lifcrtd on Ednam-hill, bv the Earl of of the htro of this rhapfodical tribute 

Bochan. when he crowned the firft edi- offered by the celebrated author of 7he 

tinn of 7*^/ ^#f/^M with a wreath of bays, Sorr§fws rf' tferter, who is io far from 

Sept. 11, 1791 (the buft of Thomfpn concealing the caiife of his death, thac 



feat by Mr. Coutts tor that purpofe 
kafiog been broken in a midnight fro- 
lick), was 6rft printed in our vol. LXL 
fp. ior9, 1083, with fcveral of his let- 
Mi) but, among other alterations and 
a4dirion« in the prefent copy, we have 
ikc following palTage : " All of them 
agree jn the tcflimuny of his being a 
ceMlcman at uU points, and a eentlemxn 



he fa\ s it was a difteroper which migbc 
be " very innocently acquired, and was 
fo much the mote dangerous in as muck 
as no remedy for it was as yet difcover- 
ed." Hutton's friends, thofe wealthy 
adventurer^ the Fuggcrs, haJ introduced 
the ufc of guiacum as a remedy j «nil 
Hutron wrote a trcatifc on its vif.uef^ 
1519, which wa*) (o.n tianflared urto 



If G§d as well a^ a poet hv Nature, fiir Engiifli. The admireis of modern Ger- 

above the degrees of our modern poets, man compofition will ceruinly think 

ikataie infuted into the houfe of Birds, themfelves obliged to Mr. Auticre &ir 

ia imitation of our modern fyOem of tranflating this riibutc to the memory of 

peerage." Tne reft cf the compilarioa a red-hot icformcr. 



IS made up of Thomfor^s letters^ which 
atepcrtc£ily u;iinterefting. 

3. ATrihufe f the Mtmory «/* Ulric of H\»t- 
ton, Cmtfmp^raryu/itb Erafinus and Luther, 
•■f ^the myi xtahtfs Ahtagvtijiiy 4s 'iuill of 
tht Prnpal V$Mnr at ef ail D^jpetic Govern- 
wtf, undone cf the imjielfgant Latiii Ww- 
tUrs if hi Time, Tranflated fnm tU Ger- 
man tf Gorthc. the celebrated Jhtthcr cf 
**Tbe Scrrnvs •f Werter," by Anthony 
Aufreie, ¥f^. iUmftrated ivitb Remarki by 
the Tianjl idr^ vt/ito an /ipfendiXf coritainiftg 
Extratfi f'cm fr/me of Hutt<>n's Verform,tnceif 
a Lijt^f hit // *r|j, and uber ixfianatvry nnd 
inttrep/ig^ Puj-tn, 

THK iul>j(.6t of this publication, of 
which we ought fooner to have yjven an 
account, it having appeared in 17S9, 
*•% a geni'cman cf Francoma, of un> 
tcmnion pans and learning, born i4££, 
Uiu\x by his father on a mjiitar) ii|c, 



4. Viffertatiom andmifellaneous Pfecft re/ttrrr^M 
ihe iiijioty and j^tttiquitiet^ the /trtiy iicitefcet^ 
and IJlnaturCf of Afu, iy Sir \\'^liiaxa 
Jones, W. Chambers, E/q W. Haftwigi^ 
£j'j. Ctncrai C;^mac, H. Vai filt.i) t, /://. 
C. Wilkins, Efj. J. Rawlins, 7/y. J.SIwAc, 
tff J. Williani , F/j. Archihitlii Keir, I-jf. 
C&hfifi Pcarfc, Jjiutei.2r.t'C9hnii PoliVi «W 
otbert. In Tiifo Vni'jmei. 

VOL. I. cuiitain^ fifteen diiTertations, 
by St William Joiic:, 

On the gods of Greece, Italy, and India. 
On the li'crature of Alia. 
The Hindus. 



« •• Qiiod Huironi coMixiuium dq)rccabar 
non invutia metpi tamurr) in caitfa fiiit; crat 
aiiud (;ui'Jdpm ilic egen^ et omnibus rebu'^de- 
lluuius quxrebat nidum aliquem ubi mirare- 
tur. £rat milii glorioftis if:e miles cum fua 
fckbie in xocs i<;c4>iciiuu^/ Itt,. 



i 



56 



RiVtiW of NiW Pullicathns. 



The Arabs. 
TbeTsiirars, 
The Pf rPan^'. 
The Cn'nrlc. 

Th^- ill^ntl of Hinzuan, or Johanna. 
The Chronology of the Hindos | with 
afopp^emerit. 

The Indian pame f f Cl'efs/ 
The •ecomidafTiC'.l hoi.k ofthtChinefe. 
The antiquity' of ihe Indian Zi>diack. 
The plants of ln'*ia. 
The fpikcnard of the annents. 
Thtfe havf appeared in the Afiatic 
"Rffiorebts^ or Tranfaf^ions of a Soc.;;ty 
inil'tuccd ai Calcutta, of which iwo vo- 
lunncs have already been puMi(b'-d (the 
firO reviewed in our vol. LtX p. ir2t» 
• LX. Ill, 220), but fo fp^ringW diftri- 
buced in Great Britain, that few haVe 
had the opportunity of being informed 
of their conrents, or of judging of their 
value. This, we are f:ee to confi-fs, has 
been the cafe with us, not having b^en 
able to procure a fight of the fecond vo- 
lume of the Rcfearches, though imported 
above a year by the London bo> kfclters, 
who have not been able to cocnplcLC ihe 
' fets for the pui chafers of vol. 1. 

The fecond ▼olume of thcfc " Mifccl- 
lInie^" contains 28 difTcrtations. 
*On the ruins at Mavalipuram. 
♦Interview with the youDg Lama. 
•Journey to Tibet. 
•On the Si'chs, and their college. 
♦The Indian trial by ordeal. 
♦The literature of the Hindus. 
The defccnt of the Afghans from the 
Jcwi. 

*On exnraClingtheefTentialoil of rofes. 
A defcriprion ot Aiam. 
On the mountaineers of Tipra* 
On the Indian Grots-beak. 
An account of Nepal. 
On two Indian fef)ivals/and the fphinx. 
On the iflc of Carnicobar. 
On the cure cf th:: clephantiafis. 
And of the bite of the (oakc. 
•On the city of Tagara. 
•Oo two royal grants. 
On an anticnt building at Happur. 
•On the dif)ihery at Ctiitra. 
- •On ilie Pangolin of Biihar. 
On the Lac micQi, 
^Five infCripiions. 

Thofc marked • arc from the firft to- 
lame in 4to. 

At the end of this volume is fubjoined 
the hymns to Camdeo and Narayena, 
by Sir William Jones, and accounts of 
. the embaliies and Icttcis between the 
Bmpeior of China and Sultan Sl\ahrokh, 
aod of the Maratu (late, by W. Cham- 



Our readers, by comparing tl 
in th' fiid volume, enumerati 
review, vol. LX pp. iii, aio, 
ferve, that, f them, articles J 
Xin. X:V. XVI. XXrL anc 
being en lubje6ts of natural h 
aftronomy, &c. aie omitied, a« 
babJy fcvtral fuch articles of vt 

5. Roman u4/tti^uities ; ok» yfn Aei 
MaK/tjn and Cujtoms of th( Rottv 
ing thtir Goam nment <, Ma^ijira 
Judicial Proceed! ng\y RetigiWy G. 
tiuy and NaVtd j^ffain^ Orefsj 
^ Ba/61 Marriages^ Divcrcetf Funcr, 
and Mettfureti I Mm, MetUJ 
flcufeSf Gardens^ Agriculture. Ctin 
lie BuilMng\y Umttsof the Empit 
cbiefy to iilu/irate the Latin CI, 
Alexander Adam, LL.D. R 
High SeU^l ef £dinbu( gb. 

OF the two compendia of R 
tiquiriei, by Nieuport and Ke 
A. prefers the fo»mcr, if it 
written in Latin, and abounc 
difficult phrafes, to the latter, v 
however, the addition of the Re 
and public buildingtw He beg 
fore, with forming a com pendii 
own ufe, but found it fo di(H< 
when Mr. Lcmpricre conintiii 
him his Claflical Di£tionary, 
voir LIX* p. 156, he wifhf.d hir 
mix Roman antiquities j but fi 
was impra^icable, he purfuec 
plan, which had engaged him 
years, and which lie was tl 
priming, waiting tor the afRl 
revifal ot fome pentletncn of 
nnd lafte. Hi'^ numerous auil 
wj'h reafon eOetrns the mol' 
pare of his lH>ok, and in whii 
is crolsly deficient. We hav. 
cafion to obfcrve, that Kirchm 
work on Roman funerals, h 
fully blundered in his refcrc 
quoting one book of an autlu 
other, and giving no number 
or verfe of any author. 

" The compiler has now, in a 
fure, completed what, above tv 
ago, he cunfidered was wanting 
mon plan of education in this ctii 
lirft attempt was to coimedk U)e i 
tin and Englifh grammar, whi 
proved by Mr. Harris and Dr. L 
has fince contrived, by a new bui 
rangcment, to include in tl;e U 
vocabulai y of the Ample and prii 
words, and of the mo<t commor 
and compounds, with an exj 
phrafef; and tropes. His ucxt i 
to joixi the knowledge of anciciit 



1793-1 



Riview of Nnu PMUattms, 



SI 



t, ind the priociplcs of hiRmy, nrmuir and dirinnme, enuipnine Beets 

wjthth.ftuj'y cl the cla.l,cks And now ,„., rfvicwing th^m.^urJiftTg^m"^ 

be liai tndeavoured to cxphmi difficult f.^ rKinlrim* n»«r» tk.- k- u: 7 ir 

Inn the oiftoms to which thejt y^Cr. How \r"^['!^ "['_ T'?''.'"?. •J'.""' P»r«««l.»f 
far be has fucceedeU tie muft leave others Co 



We hive not met w«h Dr. AN other 
poblicattons, but veniure :o recommend 
this work as equally ufcful tur fchools 
and cUtlical readers in general. 

6, The Jf/Jhry rf the Rn>o/ii/io« of France ; 

trHftflttf^ from the French rfM. Rab^iut Ue 

Sajm Ecieniie. 

TO what purpofe are we here pre* 
Inted with a Tindication of the French 
RerolgcioD, by the mod ditlinguiihed 
k^flucr aod orator in ihe Nitiooai Af- 
fcmbly, or one of the befl writers to the 
nation ? or with a tranflation of the faad 
tiadicaiiony with application of it to 
ourreWet, by James White, Efq. when 
tbe traoA.ieor himfelf is obliged to add 
to his other notas the ful lowing fliort 
and fcofible on^ ? '* Strange ic is, and 
truly to be lamented, chat fuch very able 
meoy who faw into other abufes with fo 
peactrating an eye, c^uld not diiciimi* 
Bite between the ufelefs lumber of reli- 
gioa and the pure and ineftimable rp:rit 
of Chriftianity. By a kinn cf infatua- 
tion they mil labpmred tp undtrmme fwbai 
kthfuery aaumi of fpcwj.** is there 
BOt the fame inconfiitcncv in the total 
fabrerfion of monarchy, wUhout quali- 
friiig and corrcfling its aiiufe^? Can 
ine kingdom, thus divided againft itfelf, 
ftand ? Thofe who conduct the theolo- 
gical controverfy among u*, and invali'- 
3lte the gieat dottnncs of Chrinianity^ 
iionid take care chey do not lay a foun- 
dation for a general contempt of all re-> 
figioo, to which nothing leads fo foon as 
making iti-ferrice, ;idmtrers, and minif- 
trrs, contemptible. The convcrfion of 
the Eng-iib Eftahliflied government to a 
Rcpobiicao torm wa^ of longer duration 
than that of France can be, for it was 
founded on better principles. The French 
Fimlicator trifles when he talks of bon ton 
and falhion as the eSe^ of moral (lavery. 

It is curious to hear how this corre* 
fpondent of Dr^ Pricflley talks of this 
country. " In England, the nation 
%»h9fe 4niirefi it woav is to ally berfttf 
wtb Frmftce, and who. it i« to be feared, 
bath imrmed bir tbovgbts to that alliance 
mrbtn it it too late, the nacien appeared 
fatisAed at beholding the birth and gruwth 
of a free people, <utbiU tbe minijiry Jeew 
id intemi upon obftmSing tbem, Pitt was 
C%Ur. Mac. Jethnarj^ 1793. 

8 



his navy, and Los ing"" India." The 
hiftoiy of this " rtn*^jifmed regemeraiiom^** 
if this writer thinks proper to continue 
it, will furnifli vtry different fads and 
pbfervations, circumflances which give 
little proipc£^ of (lability to the new re- 
gulation of the ftate, and lefs ro the per* 
manent happioefs of the people. In vain 
do their writers attempt to glofs orer the 
tranfafVions of AuguA to, as if the 
Kini; was accountable alone for them. 
On the feiies of mafTicres of prifoners 
dnd innocent perfons ( 100 prieffs, with 
the venerable, pious, and learned arch- 
biflinpof Aries and feur other bilhops ac 
their head), one may aflc, •• But who 
(lewahthefc?" y 

7. Thought t Off Da/King ; occafifrnttl hy fame lute 
Tranfaaicm amortg the Fe*tle called A&- 
tbodiftt. ^ M.Davis. 

THE faints having profcribed from 
their fociety all fchool-maflers and mif- 
treflTes who employed dancing- mafters in 
their fchools, and all parents whofe chiU 
dren are taught to dance, Mr. Davis, a 
ichool-mailer and a preacher among 
them, at Lavcon-ftonc, revolts fiom their 
decree, and (hews himfelf fupcrior to his 
brethren of chat perfua6on. 

8. The Benefit of Starviftg j or, The ^dvem- 
lantages of Hunger y Ci/J,, and Nakedmfi: 
iutemUd at a Cot dial for the Poor, and am 
yipology for tie Rich, Addrtjfcd to the Kco. 
Rowland Hill, M, A. By the Rev. W. 
Wolley, A/. A, 

AN unbeneficed clergyman draws a 
feeling and able pi£lurc of the ungene- 
rous »nd cruel treatment he has expe- 
rienced. 

9. The Order oh/erved at the Opening of the 
C(.untefi of Huntingdon's College at Chef- 
hunt, Hertfordfhire, on Friday, 24/^ Au- 
guft, I79z; 'With the admonitory Add'tji, 
or Charge, dtliveted to the Htudentt, PkJi* 
dent J and Tru/Jcex of t e Jame. By the Rev. 
Anthony Cnde, Mni/rer of I'mncis hall 
Meetings and the Sertnon fteuched on tie 
Oicaficn, by the Rn*. |ohu Kyre, Mnuf.et 
e/" Honierion CAu/r /, Hack ney. Emhcllijhed 
with a neat F.ng/avtng oj the College. Puh' 
lijled nt the RctjueJ: of JcrjeiulPetjw. ftejtnt. 
THE ci lege at i icvecka, nc.ir Tal- 

gaiii., in S..u-h Walo, cUabiilhc<» hy 
the late Cwuntcfs of Huniir.gdon, 1768, 
bciog likely to come to an end on lier 



S8 



Rtviiw of Ntw PuilitatitHi. 



ijm. 



deftchy 1 7 9.1 » for want of m endowment, the importance ef a due admtnift ration 

it wa<{ proEX>red, about four years before of juftice, and of the mie'tftrate's ofiioei 

her deceaie, to raifc a fubfciiption for and he handles his fubjefi with precifioa 

parryinfi: it on, under the management of and energy. Mr. L's merit in ti.e dut 

feven tiullees. Accordingly, 585!. three difcharge of his oan office has becD pro 



per cent, confolidatcd anouidcs, was 
raifed, and the fu!)lcrip*ions amouoted to 
not quite 70I. per annum : the leafe of 
their former houfc expiring at Lady^day 
179Z, they purchafcd a freehold-houfcy 
with feven acres of land, at Chefliunt, 
for 990I. and there fettled a preiident, 
tlie Rev. Mr. NichoHpn, and admitted 
feven ft udcnts. Tliis lioufe was con (c- 



porly noticed bv the Corporation^ who 
voted him a purfc of 50 guineat. 

X I . ^ general Reply to the Afgummts 0gab^ 
tbz Inquiry into rublic tf^crjhip. By Gilbert 
Wakefield, B. A, late FeUnu of JefoB Cd- 
lege, the Author of that Inquiry^ 

FEARFUL " left his filence fliould 
be conftrued into peninacity, cootemptu- 



crated Au(;uft 24, on the biith-day of oufnef:!, or even want of candour," Mr. 

their deeeafcd patronefs, by the ceremony W. vouchfafcs this general reply* and 

recited in the tirlupage, and a poToper <* another appearance on the ftage of 

intcrmixturp of reading and fxngiog. The controverfy." '< In fpite of revieweiit 

Rev. William Frc^itrick Piatt, miniftcr and all fuch declaimers, 1 fliall follow 

of Holywell Mount chapd, in a J'wett^ my own propenfuiet throughout, and. 



livtly, ftrvtni, ami tmrgetit prayer, (o- 
lemnly dccl:cated ibc h:ufc, rhc inftifj« 
cion, and all conceincd therein, to the 
firand prote^ion and bltlTing of GoJ, 
Mr. Crole then delivered his charge, in- 
ciudiri; a Latin addreU to the prelidcit, 
which is here given in ? free tranftation. 
.Then the truHces, pitPdLnt, and Uudents 
{gave their hearty alHnt and eonfent to 
the 15 (io£trinal aiticles ; and Mr. Eyre, 
from Rom. X. 13, 14, 15, delivered an 
extempore (ermon, of which the fubr 
ilance u here given, amended, by rcvi- 
fion, from defers of extemporary deli- 
very, with which (omc of our tiicnd , 
■who heard it. atiure us it abounded. It 
is, as mAV be cx'je6U'd, lavifh in the 
praifcs of the LViUntcf*, who fpent. an 



exhibit the undifguifed fugi^eftiont of 
ray heart.*' But does not Mr. W. for* 
get that reviewers on one ftde the quef* 
tion have an equal right to be heard 
with reviewers on the other? and that 
himfelf has pafled complimeius on re- 
viewers for their review of fomc of his 
writings ? Pray, Sir, have not Mr. Urban'l ■ 
reviexvers as good a right to repel your 
infinuations and errors, when yuu obv 
trude them on the pub:ick, as the Auf« 
tfians and PrufTians to repel the attacks 
of the: French Jacobinsy who have been 
taken in their crafiy devices for cor» 
r upline other nations by their leveling 
pnpciplcs? Is liberty cf a£ling and 
treedum if f)>caking made only for Mr. 
W. and not allowed to Mr, Urban ? Or 



{ocome of iiool. a-vcar on the fouls of is it to be cspcdtcd that the man who has 
men, leaving their bodies and temporal turned hi-j .urns againft his own corps 
wants to be iupplicd by '* the many be- fliould be Icfs eager in corobacing what 

he tiecrni the common enemy ? And i^ 
IVlr. Urban more adverfe to the caufe of 
tiue rcliifiua and virtue than his brethren 
qf the Monn'uly Review, or of ihe Euro- 
pean Magazine? to th^t of jufiice 
and found policy, becauis the one ad« 
mirs a defence of the £ftabli(hed Coa< 
ftitutiOQ in church and ftaCc, and the 
pther a refutation of the many arti6ctt 
employed by the abolitionifts ? All Ei). 
rope is by this time convinced that the 

an t\» 



nevolcnt perfons who have no religion. 
The ftifvicc concluded with a prayer by 
Mr. Kirkman, oi Spa-fields chnpel, and 
an hymn. The four miniftcrs who en- 
ftaged had all been (ludents at the col- 
lege ifl Wales. The whole fervice took 
up nearly three hours and an half, and 
there were prcfent 7 or hoo perfons, 
inany o^ tht-m v:rv rcfpc6lablc, i^botx- 
fre/fd tbi bi^beft Jaisfaflion I 



JO. A Serm 
St. Laui 



nrt prfeichf J at the PHriJi Church of fpirit of Democracy is the fpirit 

euccjcwr., bcfote the Right Ho- iccytion. Mr. W, is doubtlefs 

Houfub'r the Ln'd ^layory AUermcn, Sheriff i, cellcnt pleader for good u(age of Dr?. 

'^nd the rjvtfies of ftvtral C»pipanifi of the Pncftlcy and Price, when be hat given 



Cify rf Lonil.n, on Saturday, Sept." 29, [^^jj^ (^^i^ ^ 
1792, previcu/h to the FJeiVon tf a Lord ^|,jj.|^ j^ ^^ 
Mayor' jcr the Tf^r^nfuin^. By [^ l<^^' foothine am 



Wm. Llicas hi. A. CffitpUin to Ui L^rdftip, 

FROM the injuntVion of the good 

king jeiibfaphat, « Chronj xvii. 6, 7, 

ibct>rcacher ukes QCCj^Uoi) ;o ipculcace 



X • 



given 

drefling in <<a f^iutatioa" 
owns to be *' none of the ipqd 
g and complimentary kind, iq a 
pamphlet for plic purpok?* (p. 19). Dr. 
Priefiley is here (p. ;e) cbargtcj wit^ 
perfortalifiiJ, an^ (p.' f,S) yjfuU jJ::U* 



'^791^7 RtoiiW tf New Pki/icatU»S. gg 

JUJQ^ Hat. til the profecutioo of* the h tin Catbclic Laity of ZagXiKxdi tnAnfwtr 
DSBtBfeers charged on TA# Gimllfmsn*S '« ^^ Layman's Second letter to the CatbUic 



BL^mdme come oear Mr. W't avowed ^''frjry cf Englnnd. mtb Remarks m the 

^aioa W them i not to inflft on his un- (^tbsof Supranacy andMegianct, By tba 

mttcmanlike treatment of Mrs. B.? if«'. John Milncr, F. ^. .S. 
WK.W. has, in this General Reply, r/* A Controverfy iljout the diirine right 

«LwA/and appreciated the merit of his ^^ Ep fcopacy having itifm among the 

aatagonifby Drt. Difaey and Priefllevy Cachoiicks in this fceptical age, Mr. M. . 

Eufcbia and Mrs. Barbauld, Meflieurs offers fome fat ther arguments io defence 

Wilfon, Simpfon, Bruckner, and Popei of that right. Having before oppofed 

and of all theft he has, to ufe his own ** the Clergyman's Anfwer to the Lay- 

phiafe, 9TR0AKED only Mr. Simpfon. n»n*8 Letter on the Appointment of 

Bidiops/' he proceeds to give this, farther 

IS. Le LMttrm e Omdelabri d^^TCX^imo^ e eon- answer to the Layman's fccond letter; 

fnd iMcifi con quaUiebi ffiegaxioH€, Tom «nd contends for the original and apofto« 

Umico, Nafolijiyqi. fil. Heal Con (litution of the Catholic Churcht 

THIS is a iing!e addidonal rolume to f R»'°^ the leveling defigns infinuated in. 

tlieCoUcaion ot^ Antiquities of Hercu- ^/ "^^ C^njiituiiew rf tbi Chr^ pf 

laneum, already publilhed in Icveo, and f'^."''' « °"»^ ^-Ju*^'''^' '\^ ? '**^ 

conuins the virlous fpecimens of an- '^r'*'.."^ P "l 7a^^fT^^f'T 

lique lamps and candlcHicks found ?1 '*^f P"^"' ^'^''^'^ ^^^A*"^ '^'^ 

thire. The three fi.ft plates reprcfent ^*^"1'** ^^ F""" '! ""'V affeaingt 

the plan and furniture of a t$rcularum, ^ "The Church will not ^il to enroll in the 

01 wl-prefs, found at Stahia, 1789, ii- ^"l*'^^ r^?*^ "r ^% ^'^"^c ^V*",!?^'^ 

karated by the preface. • The lamps, of J?"^"* ''^'^^ P^*,^.' faihersof theGal .can 

. J J '^ .J- iL Church. Hour edjying, heycmd example. It 

earth and bronzr, cont.med m 57 pUtes. ^^^ ^ ,.-, j^ ^^^^^.^^^ \ ^^ demonlhative of 

fttmiih many unintcreftmg varicrics, ra- ^ paniailar providence over thofc to whom 

thcr of ornaments than ot defijins, as ar- j^e pisfervaiion and propagation of the 

biuary as thole on our pcrcelaine vales, Church principally bclo.ised ! When ftript 

00 which i^ would be lofs of literary of thtir clurtered rights and property, thef 

time and pains to fpori inierpreiacions. were a^ fi'cat as the Qieep before its (liearers; 

A very few exhibit, on the under lide, hut wlteu the facreU jurifdidlion whicliisne- 

tbe maker's name, ss on the paterx. ctlTary for the fpiriiual benelit of their flock 

Platen LIII. and LI V. reprelcnt bjon2c is infringed, they nobly raife their voices, and 

' velFeU to hold tl»e oil and pour it in?o chufe prol'criptioii,^ beggary, and the iKmoft 

the lamps. Plates LVllI. to LXIX. eflt.rts of lavage anarchy, rather than betray 

ointain ftands for lamps and candle their heavenly truft, by fubfcribing to an un- 

flicks. Among ihem are fevcral fingu- *^^;J"^ '^"^^^^ rtl "^'^ *".*"*• **'''^^- 

lar devices, rcfcmbling the flemsof l'oft«=nty wdl hardly behevc it, that m ,.90, 

. *, ^- L 1 I oat of III fuccclTors of the Apoftles, wh» 

vines and other trees with lamps pend- ^^^^ ^J^^ „,^ Church of Frailce, but four 

SDt at their branches by cha.ns, as others imitators o| JuJas ihuald have been foumi" 

from the tops of pillars by curved lines, /p^ . ^ \ 
Plates LXX. to XClli. comprehend 

vaiious patterns of bronze candelabri, on 14. Eahfiafica! Democracy deteaed; being a 
three feet. Rcvie-w |/ tU Ccntryveify between the Cicr-^ 

Of a beautiful new edition qf the An^ gyman arui the Layman^ ccnctming tbe E/fc- 
iiffHtttiM of Herculeineutriy of which the tiou '.f it/^^p^f unJ of Qtber MatUrs cwtained 

pUrcv are engraved by Tho. Paioli, at //» /A«f /;'»///»7gj e>/AVr J olm Throckmorton, 
Naples, 179 1, the thud volume, com- B^^rt. !> M«f /?rr. Jolm Miner, F.5.y*. 
pitting the cullt^ion of paintings, has THIS is a review of a controverfy 

appeared, enriched with a print not to which has l*een carried on for upwards 

Ic tuund in the origin?.! imprtliion. The of two yeirs, on the iubje^l announced 

fucceLding volumes will comprehend the in the tile, the profccjtioa cf which 

bulls, Haiues, halio-rciievos, Ucred and luhj'jdt we have occafioQaily noticed. It 

common uteniiU. The editor under- a!fo cout?i:iS ilridVures on an appendix 

takc\ to ({ch*cr a nuni!>cr, of f:x pla:cv, to a work uii^ch, %:nong thu' Roman 

with iltulttitionN, every luoniii, price Catholick;:, is k:iown by the name of 

fnur pjoli. Great care ha. been taken *• The Thir.J Blue liook ;" which ap- 

to omit nothing in the hiAorical and my* pendix immediately relates to the con- 

tholugicAl iliultrati^^s. du£t ot the ifulltor himCclf. 

lytic Di-uitu Rigbt of Efifctfatyi add^effU 15. Shift Rerautk* on a »uw Ti^'i/Iaticn tf 

lUiaU 



6o 



Reviiw 9f NiW Pullicati^Hs* 



CJm. 



Ifaiah, Uv a Toyman ; nvitb Notes fuppfrmerf oar Lord's refarreAion WM forced and mt* 
tary to thofe of Dr. Lowtti, Lite Bijhop of nntural. I therefore determined to tak« 
London, and contain: ng Remarh on many fome opportunity of publicly retradltiig my 
Tartt of bis Tr.mpatitn and Notes. In a errors ; an aft of juftice whuch I now gUdtjfA 
Litter to the yfuthor, Py John Sturr.cs, porfonn. 1 he reader wiJl find that I acc^ 
LL.D.' Cbmncelkr of th Diocffe of Win- to Dr. Benfon's hypothefis, which 1 th^ 
ctieller, and CbapMn in Ordinary to bis the mod fimple and natural of any yet id- 

yai'.ctd. Th;ir learned writer iirft puhli(hed 
it in an uftavo pamplilet, printed for VVaughp 
London, i7<'4t and afterwards infened it in 
his Lfe ofChrifl, 410, Waugh, Lon«loii, 1764. 



Maje/iy. 

THOSE whoiknow with what views 
he new tranflation of Kaiah, here re- 
errcd CO, V>y Michael Dodton, Efci. \\u^s 



made, ind thofe who confider it merely ? '" f'"7"'S methoil of arrmgng clus ttat 

« a new tranflaiion, will l,e alilce ple^C !'' P^^»"'' ^i"™"'-, =""? "^ .f»''J«'"ne a con- 

I -^u ^1.^ I II • 'L tinueil narration and notes, in one View, Will 

ed with the can«lour and learrnntr \nih ..,r,.v ►», a^^... -lu i-— ...^' .._ 



alful the reader in comprehending the plmi^ 
and in jiulging whether I am rightly per- 
fn:uled that it affords an eafy foliuion of all 
diificulties. Some of tlie notes :hre new, but 
the>'^i« moHly extrafted from the falto 
ll.irmony. I'he common £ngU(h verfion ii 
16. Eigbt Sermrns htfore tbe Vnivc^fiiy of Ox- altered where it fcemcd to admit of im 



which the Ren^ikcr examines ir. Mr. 
D. rcturped an anfwer, couched in 
terms.of e(|ual candour and libttahcy, in 
A Lilttr to 6r, ^'turgts, &c. 



fordf in tbe I'eur 1792, at tbe I'.efbrfs 
foumUd by tbe late Rev, John Bnmutou, 
Af.^'f. CanoM of Saliibury. Jiy J. kve- 
leigh, D, D, 

THE Provoft of Oriel, who has a 
beaten track to purfue, propofcs to take 
a view of our religion, with regard to its 
fubftance and htftory, the argumsnts in 
its coDfirmation» and the objeflions 
ftarted igainfl it. Sermon I. Aates the 
fubftance of our rclieion, from die ear- 
]:eft declaiatioos in ocripture to its com« 
plete publication after the refarredion 
of Chrift. ir. III. IV. A (ketch of the 
hidory of religion, from that period to 
the prcfent time, including the eflabliih- 
ment of Chriftianity bv Coodaotioe, and 
the Reformation. V. Arguments in 

groof of the truth of Chriftianity, the 
eing and attributes of God, and the 
credibility cf a divine revelation. VI. 
Proofs that it was accompanied with 
external and divine acteflati(4is of its 
'truth, and is diOinguifhed by it&univer- 
fality. yiL VIll. Objrai^iiis general 
and particular. — Dr. E's Oylc is correfitj 
and he difplays a fund of hit>orica1 in- 
formation. Some readers may deem his 
fermons too much encumbtied with 
notes, and his information not always 
derived from original authorities. 

17. A Review c/ fbe ebicf Diffi,:i!iies in tbe 
Gofptl Uijioty r fluting to our I.orJ j Jirftirrec 



provemsnt ; ai'd the arrangement fonieiimei ' 
requiresatrnnrpofition of [fie words. A folio 
page, containing f«ich additions andomiflioni 
as will adapt the notes to my prcfent opinion^ 
is printed for the purpofe of being dillrihutad 
gratis to the imtreirors of my Creek Uarmuny* 

kfiiterfoiJf Nov. 15, 1791." 

Though the <* Harmonv,*' puhliflied 
in 1778, did not come under our re« 
view, we cannot forbear giving our ap* 
probation to the candour which infpires 
this fupplement to it. 

18. jI Sermon freacbed before tbe Umverjity ^ 
Oxford, Nov, c, 1791. By Fdward Ta- 
tham, D. Z>. FeUorw of Lincoln College. 
DR. T, from Pialm Ixxii. 6, 7, taket 
occafion to illuHrate and applaud the 
glorious Revolution of 16S8, and itt 
commemoration on this day. It was, he- 
fays, " ^ fpecics of change, more pro- 
perly a Rfflitution and lmpr§vimfni, thin 
a Revolution. Not one true principle c/ 
antient polity was altered-^nit one in- 
gredient in the compound of tne old 
Confliiution- changed — for, though ne« 
cefiity dictated a change of perjoms, itt 
ol*je6^ was to prevent a change of the old 
Cuoflitution in things ; and, while we 
commemorate the event, we .ihould not 
be unmindful of the caufe which hrouiihc 
it forth I which was no other than tlie 
Ref9rmed RelfgioH of tbo State, as it was 
lau-fuiiy efiahTifhed*' (pp. 16. 17).— **So 
tn.ri: intendrdto rctmef fome Ern,>ic:':t,iined that, bv tnc Revolution of 168K. vvith- 



in tbe Aatby^ Grer-k Utt*-monyf ond :•> fl^e-w 
tKit Dr. Benfon's Ilypit/iffs /* fitifatl^iy. 
\£y William Newcome, D.D. Jiijbop of 
W.'iten'ord. 

'* KOT Inmg r'fcer my Ifa/wirry \f tfe Guf- 
ftU tv;<» puh»i(hcil, a review of the labject 
ctfotinced nie 'hat the manner in whicli L 
had etiuMvouied Cu reconcile Ihe accouHU of 



out the Church 6f England, we 
have no King; and wirhout • Kikq 
wc have no Constitution" (p 19). 

19. An Addr(f\ tr/ tbe ineenuot^x T^iufb of G real 
Britain : together luith a Body of Divinity in 
}Jin:aftire. To ivhicb ii fu'>iGi/::J, a l*/un of 
£dtKi»ii<Mp AJtipttd to tb€ Vfe of SJf.o/if and 

M*bic^ 



I793«l Xivitw of Niw PnbUcationt. f f 

•A.tA tax hfen earrifS f»f9 Kxtcntinn nfsr The clim?tc rF Dnminica is not Tcry 

¥iftyrftt, BytheRev.]iA\nKy\3^i\K\,Myl. warm, but the foil i«; fcriic z,n^ faricd. 

'■THE firil pnJ bil parts having hecn out H.imcane*: ami eirthquakcs are n'^-t fa 

of print almoft thirty years, they are now fcrcre i!it:re a*: in the othr Wcf> Indst 

bnwchtforu-nrd, at the reqiieft of feVeral of iH^nds. Irs rnu'c. hetn? nrindpallv wiih 

the aothiw'f: friends, under a new farm, and ^lyr^h Amcrici. declined in th- Am-rU 

with coniulewWe impnwemcnts. The pl^in can w;ir, and it was reduced to a mifera- 

ofedocainn iiei»brged,hy afnnplement.to Meftuein 1778. How the French ^reatcd 

twice Its onEinal fize: to make room for .:^j.,^:^„»k c ..,^^ • • j- V • 

wh^ ll« ^y of divinity is here prmtcd ;tdurintrthcfive vearsit .cm.uncd in their 

without the appoidix, but witli foch corrcc- ^^"*'' "*'V »»« f«-cn in ch.p. X. of thif 

tiom at.d additiofii as will render it more ac- 'V"°''5' 5 ^^'^^^-nce alfo we may learn that 

cqitiWe to the ptiMick tliaa tlie former odi- ^^^^ 5'-"'*^«' ^'^ that fncndfhip «n the 

tiam.* Ahftrtijtmfnt, * P^i^t of France towards England chat 

There are fo many plans of educaiicw, ^°"^« ^^''"^ p^iniots chufc rodcfne. The 

and fyfTemi of divinity, adopted in dif. "^.'*" ?V»''^« »«"« f'<i'ccndcd from rhe 

foeit fchook in the kinglooi, that it is i";j^"V '"«»^l^'f'"V '""""** ^^^'^^ ''" '^ 

alnofl impoflihic 10 determine on their ^}^ difco^rery by the Europeans, and aw 

relpcSive merits. Mr. R. was a minif- ^*^«^. PC'^pJe prorcrly called Carihf^s a 

reroftheBaptiftperfuafion, who kept a \""='' moncnfive people, of not more 

fdiool at Northampton, and afterwards ^^'^ \^ ^^ 3^ families, and feldom fcf.-o. 

itmoved to Enhcld, whence the above Tlh« Ncgrotj arc treated with parental 

•dferriferoent is dated. June t6, 179a, aftc«'on by the planters. Near two- 

and where he died June 24 the fame *"'*'^* ^^ »]^« o^"*^ ^'■« ^-^^^^^ "P ^'i^h « 

yeir(fceour vol. LXII. pp. 678, 863). «cc"unt nf the «pture ot \\^t ifland, 

Hi> portrait, engraved by Granger, it «778.a«"ltlieconduaoftheFrcnch whilft 

prt6zed. p<iir<:ircd of it. Upon tht v\hole, we 

recommern! this as a plan r.nd pp^'arcntly 

ft), rhi Wfcry cf Domim'ca; nntaimrifr a ^^^^^ nirr.-.t.ve. It wants a good map, 

Dcfiri^iM 6f its Situation, E\tf.':t, iUimate, on a larger Icalc thin that in our voU 

AkMtahttf lUverf, ami Natut,il Pryiu^Jiom : XLVII. p. 603. 

t^etber •with un ^count of the Civit (h- 

vtnauKff TiaJff Jjiiv\y dz/i^imif and Alr.n- 21. Cihhon's TTiJJorv. Vit. TK Clap. V, 4/9. 

wrri '.f t\^ di^ennt Inba-'-r.tnt^of th'tt JjlwJ, fJl.'. X C'.-.ip. 1. 1 J. S'^'o.J {CsfifzrmfJfrom 

it* i'infuejt h\ thf Fi«:icli, aid Rfjiorah-Mt ' V'.l. LXII. p. jioi,J 

htteHrn\Vu'D*miii'^t. /,> Tho. Atwood. PAOt: 39, 8vo. The following it 

DOMINICA is one of the Leeward one of the pa!ia).'C(: which it muf\ alwa^'t 

ifljnds, and fo advantageoufly fituated, be ufeful to cxtra6l from the body of « 

ID latitude little more than 15", that M. laree hiflorv, to p efent it in a more ac« 

Bouillc made an early conqucft pf it, in cefTible form. It is a tranfljtion of a 

tbe lift war. paper found in the clofet of the Caliph 

"Although fo very capable of bcinjrtn- Abdalrahman, of Cordova, after his 

^tred one of the chief if not the heft iflands decrafe. 

ttit Enjlilh have in the Weft Indies, yet, « i hare now reigned above fifty year* 

faxn a i^antof knowledge i>f us importance, {„ vi^ort or peace ; beloved by my fub- 

•r inattention, it is at this time almoft as j^^^,^ ^ic^iU,\ l>v mv enemies, and re- 

lUKb unfeitled as when it was ceded to f^^^ ^^. ^-^jj^^'^ j^;^,^„ j ,^^, 

k^l""^^ ""^t jJ:"L^^rIL'^^. rnn" «^««. po'vLT Pnd pleafupe, have waited 
the RM^re remni knhle, from the great con- '^n *^ 1 1 » » «- 

fcquencethe poifellion of it is to England in ^" "'X ^*''' "/^^ -^"X "l^^'^V McfTings ap- 
cafe of a lapture with France, it being ilic P"*^, «.« ^'J^' »^ Ixcn waning to my fehcity. 
key of the Bntifh dominion? in that pait of I" "''S "tuation I have diligently num- 
the world; and, from its fituation between b«rcd the d;us of puic and genuine hap. 
the two principal French feitlcmcnts, Mar- pintfs which hare fallen to my lot; they 
tini<)oearid Guadaltnipe, it is the only place amount to Fi>URTEEN. Oman! place 
kjr which tliere is a poliibilitv for Ctreat Bri- not thy confidence in this prcfcnt world." 
tain to ninintain the fovcrcit^iry of thofe leas. Tliv re c^n be no dvuSt that this defi- 
le lias mnny conveniences f<>i the fervicc of cicncv in liap|>intf> mull have been ere- 
kothanaimy arida fleet, wMich few oihcr ^j^d partly hv the u..rca(onablenefs of 
Weft India iflands can b...ift ; and, was it to u.rtftiaintd dcfires, and p.utly by the 
bt well fettled *iith Bntifh fvihjedis, would ^.celf.rv c^^res a.,:l f.ti2ur> of empire, 
be of m.ten.il ail.ft.mce to our other polfcf- ^j^^ j^, ^^^^ ^^ ^j^,^^ -^ f,,^^^^ ^^ .J 

frin<, by fiirnilRinff them wi?h many articles . , . .u i .. £ , . \ 1 ^.:- -^..^.f.^ 
. ..' . * ^. ., ..^|.. rah e as the latter, from a d'.li>ot!C crown. 

M whicli ihej are otLen gi wily m nrcti. • • * ti .^ . 

i^r'pJWif wi. ^^^^^^ '* °° private man, m a well-regu- 
lated 



62 Review of New PuHltaiions. [Jao. 

lated coODtry^ of good ^tuh, aod ratio- chael Pfcllus, on 14 playl of Meoandeff 
nil fcU'-governnienc, who will not very Aill extant in MS. at Cooflaotinople." 
' cordially pitv the Caliph. The hi dorian, This is one of thofe reponi which moft 
in a note, boafVs rhis own fupcriority in anxiouily excites the wifhes of the fcho- 
that refpc£i ; but it is the fuperioricy of lar. Menandcr is perhaps, of all aocienC 
a middle life, not any felicity peculiar to authors that of whole works the lofs it 
bim* inoft to be regretted; a large commco* 

P. 135. Thefe reflections on the natu- tary might lead almoft to the reftoratioB 
n1 limits of defpotifm are fagacious and of the plavs annotated in ir. But ub« 
ufcfulj '* Yet the exercife of boundlefs happily Mr. Gibbon appears to ha?e 
defpotifm is happily checked by the laws ihewn it to be but coo probable that the 
of nature and neccflity. In proportion report is without foundation. It is how- 
to his wifdom and virtue, the mifler of ever to be lamented th^tfuch hints (boutd 
an empire is confined to the pa:h of his not be fully purfued, till it can be de- 
facred and laborious duty. In proportion termined whether they are well or ill 
to his vice and folly, he drops the fcep* founded. 

trc too weighty for Wxi hands $ and the P. 188. We have here a feverejatyr 

tnotioAi of the royal image are ruled by againft the Reformers for not having, M 

the imperceptible thread of fome minir the pbiie/epber thinks, reformed enough, 

Her or favourite, who undertakes, for He is furpnzed at their timidity. Hit 

Ikit private intercll, to exercife the talk of bolder hand would have cut away the 

the public opprelfion. In fome fatal mo- belief of the old Teftament ; the doc- 

mcnty the mo(\ abfolute monarch may trine of the Trinity and IncarnatioOi 

dread the reafon or the caprice of a na- with thofe ef original (in, redemption. 

tion of Haves; and experience has proved, faith, grace, and predeflination; allot 

that whatever is gained in the extent, iv which Mr G, muft take in their reoft 

loft in the fafety and folidiiy of rc^al exaggerated form, to product any thing 

|)Ower." Tne laft claufe is a little ob- like the fevere condufion with which be 

licurei a fecond thought will inform the winds up this paragraph: ** Many a 

readerihat the author means to fay, that, fober Chriftian, fays he, would rather 

in proportion as the monarch's power is admit that a wafer is God, <han that 

floore abfolute, it is the lefa fcaice aad God is a cruel and capricious tvrant." 

permanent. All, (urely, would admit any thing ra- 

P. 144. *' Thefe fcruples of the Greeks ther than that mod blafphemous and hor* 

have been compared with the tea I sot the rid notion. But the eye of prejudice 

primitive Moolems when they were held alone c^n difcovcrfuch a phiotcm in the 

back from battle j and this contrail of Deity of the Reformed chuiches. Not 

bafefuperdition, andhigh-fpiritedenthu- is the critical balance held here with a 

fiafm, unfolds 10 a philofophic eye the fair or e^ual hand, Thefe dodirines arc 

hillory of the rival nations.*' The fcru- attributes to the Reformers as of theii 

pies, here fo flrongly ftigmatized, are invention, and to be fct againft the ab- 

thofe concerning the lawfulnefs of fhed- furdities of the Roman creed; whereas 

dinghumanbloodin war; which, though they were in truth doctrines retained 1 

carried too far, defer ved furely a milder for which the Romilh church waa ai 

name than bafe. But, in this decided much a;iiwerable as the Reformed, anc 

preference of a fanguinary fuperftition to w^ich indeed the former alfcrted in mucb 

atoofcrupulous humanity, derived from more unqualified terms. Such aUerati- 

the true principles of the Chril\ian doc- ons as would have pleafed Mr. Gibbi>i 

trines, we may fee, p:rhaps, the fource would have produced the Abolition, no 

of thofe bloody praaical Icflbns which the Reformation, ol Chriitianity ; and 

fome modern philofophers are now read- for the fake of throwing an odium upoi 

ing to the adoniihed aodd;fguQed nations Refurmeif, fo little to the tafte of a ^hl 

of Europe, To iuppofe that bloodlhed lofopbical hidorian, they are accufed o 

might pollute a man, is Ay led Laji\ to inTcnting that which they did not thiol 

be eager to gain profciytes by attack aod themfelves at libeity, or rather faw m 

flaughuer, i^ only high-fpiritcd enchu- reafon, to difcard ; that which, on tH 

fiaim. A Chriftian may cxcufe war j he contrary, they cnntirmed by fcnptura 

cannot, for it < own fake, love it. arguments as neceli.'ry to be received 

P. 160. *' Fiorn obfcitre and hear-fay The benefice of the Rctormation arc 

evidence, Gerard Voluus (<^e Pociis however, ftatcd aftrrwards, but vinth 

Giarcis), and le Clcrc (Bibl. Choii. a9, confi(*erable mixture of reproach. Th 

p. 285), mention a coaimcntaiy of Mi- ii^b 01 foiilc ot lubfcribe/s to ai deles, i 

a il 



1*^3*1 Riview $f NiW Pullieattonsm 

tk dofc of this chapter, hit been fuf* ibe Royal CoUtgt of Snrgions ut Edin* 

(kieotlv Dorced bv' ctheri. burgh. 

P. 3jS. The following; anecdote of the This new drug, which fcems to be t 

jaiticc and ma^nan'tmicy of the Sultan valuable ncquifirion to the mnteria me^ 

Mihmad, rhe tirfl who bore that citle, is dica, w.is fird dcfcribed in the tcuth vo« 

peatly ftriking: ^* As he fat in the Di- lume of Tkt Londom Medital Jaurnalf 

van, an unhappy fubje^ bowed before (ince which ic appears to hare .cvw.c i to 

th« throne :o accufe the infolencc of a very confKJcralTlc ufe in cifr*: in \.ii:ch 

Turkifli foldicr, who had driven him the Pciuvian bark hai brc^ hiihci-u rm- 

from bis houfc and bed. Sufpend your ployed. Mr. Wilkinfoo. in :)tc pr^ifnc 

daiDOurSy (aid Mahmud, ioform me of paper, gives a ju4!icious acu'Utit of tl.e 

hif next vifit, ind ourfelf in peifon will cafes and forms in whicli he n?^ a':' i- 

jodge and punilb the offender. The niflered ic ; and, in fon e inMancci cf m* 

Sainn followed his guide, invcfted the termitcents, he has found it f:cvK fu^x:* 

houfc with his guards, and, extinguifli- rior in efficacy t:» the Pi:i .inan ij V 

bg the torches, pronounced the death of XXII. A Caft of m<^itfi*ous Btrth. £p 

ibe criminal who had been feized in the Mr, Richard Dinnio c, Sw^^fa at\K c« 

lA of rapine and adultery. After the too, in Noif )lk. Commutt(a!tJ to Drm. 

cxtcution of his feotencethe lights were Simmons by Andrew Maiiha*, M. !)• 

ic-kbdied, Mahroud fell proflrate in MimbtroflbtCollfgeofPkffiaans, .nd 

prayer, and, riling from the ground, dc- Ktadtr of Anatomy in L "<ion. 

sanded fome hpmely fare, which he de- XXIII. Cajt of a frvt'ous Affe/:»i'*n 

toured with rhe voracioufnefs of hunger, of tbo Stomacb i *wi'b un Accnun* o* llȤ 

Tbc poor man, whofe injury he had Appearances on Dii/eSim, By Ri,l>erc 

tfenged, was unab!e to fupprefs his aflo- Grares, M. D. Pbrfician at Slierl>.rnc or 

liibment and curioficyf and the counc- Dorfetfliire, and Extra Licentiate of thg 

OBS monarch condefcended to explain the Col/rgf of Phyfieians, l^nd> n. 

IDotives of this iineular • behaviour. I XX IV'. Some Refeffions on the Parm* 

bad leafon to fufpea that none, except ctnttps of the Urinary Bladder \ nuitb m 

one of my fons, cou'd dare to perperrcite Dejcnption of an ImJIrumeni employed im 

fuch an outrage ; and I extinguifhcd the punSuring the Bladder tbrou^b the Ree* 

lights that mv juftice might be blind and turn. Communicated, in a Letter to Sa* 

lAcxorable. My prayer was a thankf- muel Foart Simmons, M. D. F,R.S, bf 

giving on the difcovery of the oftcndtr ; Mr, Henry Watfon, F. R,S. Surgeon /# 

aad (o painful was my anxiety, that I ibe VJ t.{[m\u^tx HofpitaU 

had paflcd three days without food fmce Of the inl\rumcnt here dcfcribed an 

the firl\ moment of your complaint." engraving is given, to which we muflb 

(To be continued.) refer our readers. Tiie whole of the pa* 

per contains much indruftive matter fjr 

ai. Th( London Medical fournaU Vol. XL chirurgical readers. 

Sip. (Cvitiruied ffom W. LXJL p, XXW. Account of a Wound of tbeUludt 

iiC5.y Artery f at the Wrtfit cured by tying it m^ 

ARTICLE XX. An Account of un- at fome Difianee from the Wound. Bf 

common Symptoms Jucceeding the Mtaflei\ Mr. Edward ford. Surgeon oftbe Weft* 

nunb fome adaitional Remarks on the In- mintler General Difpenfarjf. 

JeQion of Meafiei and Small -pox. By Mr. In this cafe the bad effe£ts which might 

James Luca^, one of tbe Surgeons of the have been expe£led from a dangerous af- 

Cen*jal Inhmary at Leeds. cident were obviated by a judicious 

M:. Lucas relates an inllance, which r.peration. 

Ibtw^ that the mcafles are iof;£lious XXVI. Account of a Calculus extraS" 

duiint; the eruptive fever; and, fpcak- edjrom a Cyfl in tbe Neck, By tbe fame. 

ing cf cr-nra^ious difeafes in general, he This concretion, of which an engraved 

Tcry fcnfibiy obfcrvcs, that <* the cuAom 6gure is given, was of a chalky nature, 

of pcrfons unnccclfariiy vi{itinginfe£lious XXVlI. Obfervations on tbe Treat* 

corpfcs, and inviting numbers to fuch ment of Gun-Jbot Wounds. Communicated^ 

funeral^, is ictriainly of more feiious in a Litter to Dr. Simmons, by Robert 

confcrjuencc than is generally imagined." Jackfon, M. D. Pbyficiam at Stockton,/« 

XXI. Objeritations on tbe ADgxidutt tbe County of Durham. « 

Bark. Communicated, in a Letter to Dr. Ab thcfe obfervations appear to be 

gimmons, F.R^S. by Mr, Q. Wilkinloc, highly dcferving the notice of the pub* 
Suryta eti SundcrUad, and Member of lick> and cannot be too generally known. 



Rtvlew cf New Puhtiiati$n$. 



«t fkzW here give them in the author's 
own w.ni^ : 

** J atn aware that the ciiftnm of t!i'at>r!g 
woonJ^ maile hy hvc ai m.s is lo gor.er.illy 
ft}0{V.ed by pradtiiioacrs, and fo formidably 
lii;>I>rtrtcu hy great amhjnties, that it re- 
i^:ires no fmall fli.ire of courage to raMc 
A>nhi« concerr.i:''^ its propritTv, or even its 
pcce;^i'y. I am iill'> aware that I am ill 
qu.ilf.vd to ilhTilr-tc tf:c fubie>t m a n-juLir 
atiit fyltemattc d-fcu'fion. J have Jitib ac- 
^f.iuintance with I11r3ic.1l writtrf, ant! cannot 
boal> a very extttnfiv;- rappje of experience : 
%iit I hope to he if)dul;;ed witli hlx.ny of re- 
lating a few fa^ls which occurred to me du» 
fling the late w.ir in Anr.ericiy and which 
leem to prove thit the cuftoniary dihitation 
#r uo'.inds niay be frequt^atly omittet', not 
«kn)y without detriment, but even witli ob- 
irious benefit to the patieat. 

" In the year 1779 a party of the Loj'al 
Xmerican mUitiai who had attacked a pod 
•f. th« enemy in the b ick parts of ihe pro- 
vince of Georgia, were obi gej to retire 
without cffeftrng their purpof?. A con- 
llderabie number of them were wounded ; 
and as their dif^ance from the itmiy pre- 
dhiJed them from furgicrl ail^.dance, their 
wounds w ere only bound ovrr with a bit 
•f rag. Sucii was the fa^ : rhe confe- 
qaenot was not what might have lieen ex- 
)peAedi ; lor among the number of wounds 
wbidi Z afterwards faw titcre Wei's feveral 
wtiich we fhuuld have expe<5lcd to be trou- 
Uefome and tedious in ciire, if treated ac- 
cordioy; to the comnv)n rule:, ot furgery, but 
in reality th«y heak-d fpeci'ily and well. 
jAnoiher a^ion was fought, fgmc time after, 
aC Brier Creek.. The gre.»ter number o\ the 
Wdundedwere conveyed to ti;c hofpi'.al, ar.d 
furniflied witli proprr acco'ui-otHinioiis nnd 
furgicat afiflance ; hvit there v ere a'.fo fome 
of the militia who remained lu tttc woods, 
and paid no other attention to their woimds 
than fimply to bind thtm up. The contralt 
m point of treatment waFohvions \n i!ic prc- 
feut cafe, and the dif!i?rcnce of efte«^t was 
not leiV remarkable ; for, in as f:ir as I could 
jndge firom thole e..:imples which 1 had ;tn 
opjMMtunity of compiling, thcpr«;rcls to- 
wards iifeaUiig war. not teh advanced in three 
weeks, wltere tlic-.e was not any thing 
^one, tl\an in five, where art and (kill were 
employed. There occurred hkcwife feveral 
accidental inf^ances dpriug the following 
camp»ign«, where the ufual formality of 
fu]4*ic:tl treatment' did not 3ppt.-ar to be at- 
tended with con fpicxious advantage ; bnt the 
faircft comj\t:'ui\'c trial whicli has yet fallen 
niidt-r ray o'»rervaiion was uft.r the allien at 
Cow pen, in bo.itli Ca»'ul!iia. in January, 
1781. Tlie 'ccfe of ihi<ai^bon was near the 
inmrntains, in a difln^ of cooairy alinoil un- 
inhabited. NiK fewer than an hundred and 
tweniy men lay wounded on tlie field, or 
^it^'Cifcd ihcmulves in the ngi^Ubuuihuod| 



where they accidentally fmind the f 
a hqt. As I was the only profefiioi 
fon w ho remained' on the fpot after 
feat, it WIS net in my power to vU 
ooe ; neither did I find out, till aftei 
days, tlie abode? to which many had 
1 m ly obfcrve, tjuit I dilated frci 
inafcd according to the ufual me 
furgeons, the wour.ds of fuch as[ fan 
but there was probably near a fifth 
wliole to wl^om, from their remol 
tion, immedi.ite help could not bi 
Other furgeons were aftcru'irdj iei 
the army by Lord Cornwall is and : 
Comniodations were provided for thev 
as a defolate coantiy could atlord. 
continued my aflirtance, and reaa 
this duty near fix week<, during 
time 1 had the opportunity of ohfervi 
thofe woumls to which little or noth 
been done generally healed more 
and werefeldom a'.tcndedwith fomi 
and inf^amm ition, as where dilatatio; 
licing, &:c. had been freely employed, 

** It appi'ai-s, then, that we ma 
conclude from the above fa^s, thai 
difcnminare ddaution of gun -(hot w 
not a mcafure of ne^clfity. I will ei 
that it often gives rife to pain, xtffiMC 
and many troublrfomc fymptoms, w 
not merely the clh<tt5of the wound, 
mention an obfervation in this plaoc, 
I have often' (ecu verified, and x 
fliould fuppofe can fcarcely be ove 
hy any one, viz. that tlie pain and ta( 
tion are greater, atid confecpiently 1 
cure is flower, in Ample Aefh ^»'Ouud! 
the furgf on h.is recoiu-fe to diLitatic 
where the knife is r.o: employed. T 
haps will he reckoned a fmall inconvi 
but 1 u ii! ad J firther, tliat the effcf 
btation are peculiarly pernicious in 
of the joints. It is well known thai 
c^fs of .ijr, which is favoured by an « 
menl of the onhce. is particularly h 
wounds whicli peneuatc into cavil 
the joint<, after being thus expo 
growth of fungous cxcrefccnces is fp 
be redrainrd, and anchylufis is tlie 1 
elfe<51 tu be expoclud . 

** But though it appears that the d 
of gwi-fbot wound> IS hurtful or fup 
in the cafes which I have mentioned 
aie certainly others in which it is I 
ceifary and proper. If, for in fiance, :i 
the fragment of a bone, 'can be extr; 
me.ms of an cnLrr.cment of the ori 
perfon will pretend to fay that fwch 
ment ougtit not to be made. It is ! 
proper, where wounds run fuj>cific 
der the (kin, ih,it lliey be laid open 
tlie whole of ihtir length ; i)nd in n 
feswlicreiiifi'imntatitxi comes upona\ 
limb, the nuilclt-.c of wtnch are ci>Te 
tendinous txpanfion, and, as it wen 
by it^ a deep and fiee dilataiioa is Uhi 



»79S-3 



Rtvittv tfNtw PiAEtatitHi* 65 



vioM ^nd grot fenrice. Soch ililatations, was probabljr gu-inj; to the bUiert baviog 

hMMMTi Might to be deferred till the occa> accefs to fpintiious liquors." 

^^?^ fet^; «, nw«^«„ .«, ,r« XXVI II. Cmfi i/ ¥r,a,rt tf itt 

.K. S±,^.^^ ^L^^rif S.?^ •^'««- C»mm,ni€atid, in m LtMr to Dr. 

tbe-advantases and diiau vantages Of dilating c:^^^„^ roc 7 lit r> «ifi . 

|ai»4hoC wounds. Thcrt are alfo other ^l'".'"^"*' '^•^•'^- h ^''i G^^»2f ^»»- 

pnCtos employed by ftirgeonr, u hich, in- '^'"{"J?; ^-'y'w -' SundetUnd, ^r. 

field of being produaive of benefit, oiten , ^^-^'v; •^'^•'. ^^o"^^ 9f « />f/?«/2? 

QCofiboDoiinallfliireofhariD. It appears i^m ohfervfti tn infants. Communis 

to be m axiom in fargery, that a warm fMeti, in a Litter to Dr, SitnmoBS, by ' 



in the firft flages of g«:ii-lhot Th^-mas Den man, M D. Lieentiau nt 

f'f is an application not to he difperifod Midiviftrj oftbt Rojul College of Pbjfi" 

vim.* I do not deny th^' io cold climates^ darns, London. 

mtert tb» fibre is ter.fe and rigid, they often XXX. Am Account of Two Cafts of 

lUatitfB paiu and promote dtseAinii j but I ritrovtrted Uttrus. Bj hlr. Richard 

nalfoofopinionythat,inthetropicnlclimates, Crcft, Surgtom in London. 
fir even in the ftMtbem provincetcif North XXXL Am Account of tbt fuccefsfut 

America, th^r ir. not only uiuicce«^firy, but jip^n^^^i^ ^j Ettariaiy in m Cafi of 
faiaetunes aftnalljr the ciiife of Jftry irou- ^^^^ ^^ \V\\\nm Gilby, M. O. ' 

Udome compamts. I Ijave obicrved, m pl^c^i .^ ^l r^ ^ t tj t^ . / . o- 

nrnnerous inSances, that j>ain and infUir^- f f^>^f *« '^ '^' ^'^'''•' ^•//'^'^ •' »*'• 
raaloo were ohrioully increafed by tlie ufc ' v^r v"/? M^r roi.L'r ^ , ,- 
rf warm poultices, and even tlwt fuppu- J^^i^^ll'AC^feofPktbtfsFttlmoHaltsi 

rjt-w,independentofthefuppuraiionoflhe y^'tb Rtmmrks. By Mr. Edmund Pitts 

wounds were fumetimes produced mgrely ^W«''» ^trgeomatMtrc, r« Wiltfljiie. 
fit» die heat and relaxation which that ap- Thw calc ferves to flicw ihe g.')od cf- 

plicsdon occafioned. Uefides, poultices are fe6^s of tonicks, under certain ciicum- ' 

inconvenient vn'\ unpleafant in warm wea* flancesi in tlie trearment of pulroonary 
tber,and mar he reckoned among the caufes^xonfumption. 

jUiieh pmm'fitc the 5«icr;ftinn of maKois. ^^^j ^^^^^^ittd the different arti- 

IfiHSht, therefore, J believe, fafely ajh-.f., ^^^^ contained in ilh volume, wc com? 

t^^^'?^-Sf ?"" I'lJJ-Z^Z^l^^^^^^^^^ n^-v to tiie conclufion o^ the xloik.in an 
n.tnhMied dimntes. 1 miglit even .tdil, that ■ • 1 r « ^ .1 .j ,, ■• . n n 

Ismfufficeniiy warranted to recomnie:..! a ^»^'^^^ « to the reader " wmch we Ihtll 

cmtrary one. 1 h;ui I have often round be- J'.'Vf *="•»»•*= i ?."»' «;j»|<^^» wc fhould peiufe 




cpnn the wounded hrob. i !:e p ujd 

of ihefe, in dlfpoTihg the wuuhUj to hoal, phyf:ck; n -c on]y in t1>ib hut in oCr.'.t 

Vere very remarkable. c )ji.:r:t', iriuil iav: tiLiivtd {<• ii.'ny 

"To the ah'wc obfervatia';_ I fhaW bep ? '.vm ''^c\ rroin Tiii; I on don Mkoi- 

IdvetoaddiiniAhcr, which I believe il net cal jvjURNAI, (fcr it !.;«■. been trar.f- 

comianly attended to. Reft and iiuict r.re ].,t,., ^j,^ rc^ulailv piit.lilhcd in d^ftjicnt 

'Mifannly fnpp-jled to be pn)per in t\,r ire.-xt- y^^,,,..^^^ laiiaiu-:-. ■^), anj th^ publ.ck 

nt,itofwou,ids. Whe^wound.spen.ri.te ; ,, ,^ .^^ i^, ;, ^ ulthr-aiclv. lb 

nmihecavrties of the body motion w. mid „,^„;,,,,^,,,,, , j,^ ,;,,, ^., f,,, ,,,,3, 

Mcabe daiiftennis : and w liere tlie Icrs or , ^ ' . ' , ■ 

ih^,hs are bToken, it cani-'Ot he aranj^.d T "^u.e in .r.n:.uno:i.:r ;.-, o«« , eaJcis n.c 

' «i.f. wiih g.cat cai«i«n: but, inihcoidi- \'^*'' ^"^ 'V'*'"'.'^''' ^ '1"'^ *^ }' ^ \" *'- 

wr/ clTCumft:.i.crt of ficOi ucninds, ilic ad- f ^ -.iuudUM. 1 h^ aJoitU L. lI.c iti,hi n 

vantages i^f moving about, even of travelling, •*^ "^■' 'W.- : 

ci cijiitin!;'ig to iiiiich, arc grciii ami ob.i- " T!.c i!M'i'^--f!t r'^n":»*r in v.I:'':h lie 

c-«i». hiX to LilJucc t!ie Amciican nvlitja 7.i»:A';.\/, . .. /V*/* ■; J in- icc:i ret eivjd by 

on 'y as a pitn^fof tins opinion, 1 Ihali men- l!ic ruhhc, linu ■. e nunuiu'J'. :.iiJ valu.-.bU; 

trn. thiit af:«-r the aAion of Guildford, in Conjmnnn..i:ii.ti- wiil» v.!ii«.h ih*: Udlusr h.iS 

^'irfTh Carol in ri, every m«n who wasi;ipa- b.-cn l«.o-iic^l by 1:- Cnner[y»ntlfnti, luve 

bi'e of being conveyed titber in litter, w.ir- inJuted hini Wi pci lev ;c in hiiuging it out, 

S<iji, oron lioifdiark, was carried uitiitho at P..il*;d iumi'.. .y pui iov's, rnnch longer 

aiiijy. The tie:diiig pio;»rtrb ^va^ n-piJ than ba. ucli kiud lii* o:\.tr nvoraiions, 

uhrle we were npi^n the marLh { 1 ir.ing ned Kut \\\\\ nv d<. of ) ubn^ ui.n having of btc 

Udi it priKeedeU more How ly v.licit we baU been a'.tti^'.c.l wiih ^A-a: inconvcaience both 

led fur a f6>v days at Croflcrcek ; imJ when — — — • 

VD c.*mc to fix our Itaiioii M W ilniKi-.-ti^n it * We luve leui I- IcTMih, German; FiwiAh, 

«a^, lu iLoie degree, retiogrjde: but Ibil aud Sp.iuii)|baullaiio:iSot iu 

UtkT. Mac. Janmarj^ 1793. to 



to his nrofeflioiul engagements and to ch« fhip with eipanJed fails appears in front, 
deliberau roanagemenc of the work, he flat- The moiio, ** RelinoD, Nloraliiy, Loy- 
tcrs hUnfclfhefeallnotbe fufpeAed of any ,ity. Obedience to the Laws, Imlepett. 
dunmution of zcalto fen-e the Pubhc, if ^ence, Pcrfonal Security, Jyftice.ln-t 
row. after haviHR brought tl^^ heritanee. Proitaion, Piope^v, lidUf- 

tbe end of Uie tenth year, lie OuNild be defi- ^__ -M^f-.^^^j D--.r^.:.„ is ' '^Ir li ■ 
reus of conduaing hit future laboun in a ''^^V J^fJT. .^^5^T^* "*PP'«c5-' 
way more convmicni and fatufciaory to .-^''^V ^J!''?"„ LIBERTY, ftalks 
l,^(^lf, nideoully a frantjc Beldam i in one hand 

•< He is aware that, by making fuch an at- * ^gg^^ in the other a Pike funnouns* 
•craiion in the iform of the Journal as might «<> ^y a hleediog head, and two hunaa 
enable him to continue it at his leifure, he hearts ; whilft on the back-ground a 
fhould retain the advantages which an etia- decently drclled figure is fufpended on i 
blifhed u-ork may be expe6ted to have over lamp-iron. Motto, ** Atheifro, Per* 
a new undertaking; but the refpea be jury* Rebellion, Treafon, Anarchy* 
owes to Ids readers (many of whom might. Murder, Equality, Madncfs, CruclcT» 
perhaps, coofidcr any farther change in the Iniuftice, Treachery, logratitude. Idle* 
moile of publication as too great a deviation nefs. Famine, Nauonal and Prifata Jtuia. 
from his onginal plan) mdnces bim rather Mifcry 

to bring the prefent work to a conclufion, ^' WHICH IS BEST ? 

and to begm a new colledhon, the arrange- 

mem of which, (b far as rcbtes to tlie peri- LITERARY INTiTT T TrwMrt? 
ods of publication, (haU be bettei- adapud ot tkL CUr^^L, p r • GENCE. 
His oth^ avocations. ^^ Clarendon Prefs is emplo^red upon 

" The IjmdM MiJieal Journal wiUaccord- » J^^JJ' edition of Strabo, which is to have 
ingly emi with ttic prefent volume ; aiid, to *." ^"^ advantages of Mr. Porfoo'i crk- 
corapUtc it, a Geiirral Index is added of the "«*' tcumtn, and laboripos f nveffigidon; ■ 
contenu tif the woi k. The learntil world expects its appcar- 

*•< Tlie Colle^^ioH that i; intended to fuc- aoce with foine degree of impatieoct \ 
cee«i it will be entituled AUJicat Faffs ami and, indeed^ a new edition ot this an* 
Olfj'trvations. Its objcA, like that of the tient Gergraf^er was much waatecfs 
prefent work, will be to contribute to the for, if we except the Bdiiio Ptinccps hf ' 
improvement and dimifion of roeiUcal know- Aldus, which is chicflv valuable for itl 
ledge ; and. like this, it will confift of on- bemg the (irft after the ibvcntion of 
ginal pApcrt communicated by Correfpon- printing, and the Amfterdam Folio, 
dents, or of materials ceUeaed from the :»k:-u u ar^ll .«»..».^ .— k .^ ■^"""» 
Tranlaftions of lear.»ed Societies and from ^Jj**,^ j* ™* P'?"?^' ^ have none that 
other printed works. t1 ^^"^k"'"^ *?•'*". ^^ Cafaubon. 

«« The Editor propofes tobringout a paitof I*)" "*"*? **y *•»!« 'canied commentator 
this new work as often as be (ball have gU "'^^J*' • "^'* " calnre of knowledge i we 
tt)gether maTcrlak fofficient to form aimall "J**"' however, rcitiaik, that in many. 
vuluroe,orfifteeuorrixteen(heet5,inoAavo; pi sees the Greek Text, li not accurate 
a volume of thi> rize,as it will eniible him to and corre6(. 

make tlie periods of publication more fre* The SiflerUniverHty of Cambridge ftp 
«iuent, fticming to be better calculated for w^ hear, on the point of obliging the 
tiiepurpufes of the work than one of greater lovers of Greek liierature with a new 
bulk. Communications forthe intended work edition of Suidas. The editor cannot 
n^ay be addrefled to Dr. Simmons, Poland- faM of deriving a moft elfential advantage 
Sorett, London. f ,om the labours of thac profound Grcfk 

Three yolumes of the new work have fchobr, Toup, whofc Emtndattoats in 
alieady made their appearances and cf Suidmm have placed him in the firfl cl-fi 
tliiiC', as well a% cf (ocCeedtne volumes, Ot ciiticifm. 

%vc ihall not fail to give an account. Mr. Bm jvell. Fellow of Trinity CoU 

leec, is employed upon the Memorabilia 

ti- The CdKTSAST. 1791. of Xcnophon. The ediiino, we add 

WH do not often review Prinji. But u.itn pleafure, t<; in great forwardnrfs; 

the pie rent one is fo appofue tn the tie Latin tranflation K revifed, and much 

titnrs, that we are induced to rceoni- impiov«d by that able cladical fcholar ; 

* m* r.d it to public notice. and the ntKts are exceedingly valuable. 

I'ndcr British Liberty, Britannia We deny not their juft praife toihe la* 

appears with her appiopnaie emblems, houis ot formtr iiditors, of a Oilman, a 

ilitr {cale of Juftice tn one hand ; in the Simpfon, and an Edwards : but (till a 

oilur Mugna Cbana, and a fptar fur* new edition of the Memorabilia was a 

Tr.oun:e<l by the cap ef Liberty. The detideratuji in critical literature: and the 

Uruilh Lion cottcfaei at herfeeti aod a (a& could AathaveUller. into beucrhand^:. 

INDEX 



1793-] INDEX INDICATORIUS. 6; 

INDEX INDICATORIUS. of the word (?/#. A GillisaDeU, orftMp 

A PRiLAaiTHKoriiTy who ragrcts the Valley, in the fide of a Moiiataim or Fell 

pkoAle fiiioftion of many of the cUfs of men down the muklle of which a brook, in tliat 

defeHhod In vol. LXII. p. 894, fug^eAs that country called a hect, uf jally runs. Rut water 

a .ramrOy f >r one macerial part of their does ntit form any part of the definition of a 

grievances Hm hecn fnrnifheJ by the zealeos Gill 1 fur one place, at lead, if not more, 

adivicy of Mr. Whitbresid ; by whofe exer- in that range of monntains, which he fpejiks 

cionti ill the year 17909 a:i aA of parliament of, is called Dry- Gilt, ^m the circumftanctt 

wv obtained ** to empower Tufticef, and of its wanting fuch a Beck. " The Parent 

ether Perfowy to vifit Pirifh work-honfes of a Gill/' is, therefore, in that country n* 

or Poor-hnufei, and examine and certify the thcr thought to be Noah's Flood, than a 

State and Condition of the Poor tlierein to Tarn. 

dw Qoaner Seliions {" wVach is profdiedly Mr. T. Eeles of Richmond, havinglong en- 

defigned to remedy the deiictencies of former tertained a particular defire of having fome in* 

adSy which had ii> certain inftances been Corroationconoeming the variation of the Mag* 

fcond ineffeAiial, '< cfpeciaUy when the netic Needle, without being able to obtain ic^ 

Poor aie a AiAed with contagious or infec- requeftf us to pnipofe a few Queries on that 

tiolif dtfeafcs, in which cafes particular at- fubjeA. i. What lias been the variation of 

tcation to their lodging, diet, and cloatlung, the needle fiy ihefe thirty years paft at Lon- 

badding, and medicines, is requifite.'* d«Mi, Edinburgh, Worcefter, and Paris I 

ACoKSTAVT RBADsa is ready to lend a. Inthofe places where the variation of th« 

JL p. (LXII. 1)84) WATaaiievsB's « Dif- needle has been long known to vary, or to 

eourfe and Defence of Arms and Armory," differ fnmi itfelf, how hr has this variatioA 

ea receiving direAions in what manner, and been obferved to he regular } 3. How far 

tt whom it is to be directed, with a promifis has the variation been obferved to be rvgular 

to return it, wltcn penifed, as he fets a value in iliflercnt parts of the world } 4. When 

opoa it, on account of its being fcirce. a fliip croffek the Equator, and appreachee 

In anfwer to a Qoerift, vol. LXII. p. 995, the South Pole, does the iiMdle continue ita 

whether a ruftling noife is not (om«times former direAion, or does it turn round and 

kordfimnntheqaick vibrations of the Aurora point towards the South Pole in the fame 

Borealis, Ah old Ship herd informs us, manner as it pointed towards the North PoU 

that one evening fisventl years fuice, in tha whilil it was North of tiie line ? 5. If tlie 

North of Lancattiire, being told that the needle turns towards the South Pule when 

ib e ai p crs were very bright, be took a walk Somh of the line, are its variations from this 

into a field fume 40 or 60 yards, perhaps, meridian the fame refpeftively in Souther^ 

aliove the level of a valley, which was as in Northern latitudes ? 6. Have their been 

brmndcd by hills facing him of a confulerahle any late experiments or difcoveries made 

heighL Stopping there a-while to obferve that tend to expbin the nature of magnc* 

their rcmark^le quick vibrations and vivid tifm ? And, laftly, what i& the prefent opi 

eolifDrs, he heard a ruftling, as if a great nuw of ttie learned concerning the caufe of 

figh: of fwifis fhirundt afusj had whilked tlie variation of tlie needle ? 

paft him. As he had never read or heard L. requeAs the communication of anyjpar- 

of any fucb thing before, he could not dc- ticulars refpe^ling tlie life or writings ofthe 

ttrminc in liis own mind wliether to attri- Rev. Mr. G:iy, who prefixed a DUrertatiofi 

kite that lulling to the Aoror.i Murealis or to Bp. Law's tranflation of <• King's Origin 

noL But whnt Itmck him vei y forcibly be- of Evil." It is a very mailerly compofition^ 

fore he left the field was, that after the and opened tlie way to a knowledge of the 

dreamers had difappeaird, or retired, and true principles of morality. Hii definitios 

be noticed tlie hills facing him, and i-cfleAed of virtue has been adopted by Mr. Paley^ 

en (he angle of the altitude of their tops, and many fubfequent moral writers. 

ind of (he bottom of tlie ftreameni, as lie In anfwer to A. L. Die believe the Italifli 

reniembeied t1.eir appearance (for tlie idea Tragedy mentioned in v(>l. LVII. pp 141, to 

did not (Irike him tilt ii«ey had drparteJ), he be as rare now a« M. was in 1787, We d» 

couIJ not help thinking the former feveral not know of its being republilbcd. 

de^n*' es hij;her than the latter, and Confe- C's kind hint on St. Cecilia, is anticipated, 

quenUy tha£ thofe Areamers or colours muft p- 33 i except that he refers 10 ■' Wheatlef 

have been becwixt him and thofe hills. But on the Common Prayer.*' 

k W.1S fo widely diffierent from the idea The favor of CAMBaENsis is received! 

which bimfelf and others have entertained but it is too late this month to give a full aa* 

about tlie diftance of the Aiiroin Burealis, fwer to his enr^uiry. The intelligence de- 

that he does nut krow whether he mention- fired (hall be given on the rft of M.irch. 

cd It to any perfun or not, and hus never Tlie Views uf Homton and Keodlis* 

liail an oppf)Ttenity of confirming iir confnt- ton arc engraving, aixl fhidl appear in our 

ing his notions by ohfervatioii fince. next; wiih the Porirnit of tl^e King of 

The fame onrefpondcnt defires us to in« rnillia; the Statue of Pbtei, tiie curious 

^•rm Thf P.ABi:<Lf!t. LXII. p. !j8«, rhAt he C.trvin,^ from N&w CoLi.fcoc, OikFiMii*, 

h..*, i' -kcd '.'-p :i:i eiruiiwo'i- idea or dcluntion and m»ny other Favours. 



fO SiUa Piitfy^ JnitM and M$dini, fir January, i jg j. 



Horace. Shmii.^ Venus now, as oacey focceed^ 

Anl nuiiunl fcntrments impart. 
And, in tht'j tati 'iiurper's fteadf 
My Lydia clain: my willing heart?' 

lydia. He's bright as Sol— your temper 
. wrou.^.ht 
Of fickle winds and Aormy feas ; 
Yet, long 8"? Life infpire? a ih<n^h% 
Your pre i«nre iiili and Love can pleafe. 
CumherlarJ, W. SlNOLtToK. 



/irg.jEmeUf. 

SPIRIT o{Him» chat (ang withdofficikill 
The crimfon triumphs of ihc grey-soofe 

quill, 
Thathoi'.g on Cheviot^hills his trophies high* 
ProuJ' theatre of antique archery ! 
Scc'It thoQ, from yon bright-fphere, fuperior 

.:..- now, 
Throa*<l, by the godhead of the filver bow, 
aceitthuu?— orarcthereChieSi below thy 

care ? [war i 

Thefe feather*chnmpions, and their arrowy 
A pUH/ race I unlike thy fons of Yew, 
Who with Herculean arm the tough bow 

drew: 
Heav'nsl with what fury on the foe beneath 
From Scotia's moimtatni Ibower'dthe mimie 

death I [arc, 

From no dark covert* theyt with lodiaii 
Murder'd by ftealih, or launc*d a potfoa'd 

dart; [wing — 

Death they approocli'd, and fiic'd him on the 
CW archers tremble at tlie twanging ftriqg. 
But, lol tlie fcene of fight, the ladies 

met, 
The meafur'd diflance mnrkM, the target fet; 
Lo ! the fwett bugle -honi ;— enchanting 

prize I 
Poize cv'ry ihaft, and leve! al' \ ■? ryes : 



But mental darkaeis dimi her curioe 
Ah ! tooAoit-fighted (he Co prophc 
Let this fuffice, for this (he dares to t< 
Lift 1 lift ! O Expc(ft.aion, tiptoe U 
** Spite (itheirboaided Britilh (ires o 
*^ Their hearts of oak, their linbs* gig 
« mould, I 

^' Our modems--ta!k as Mg, and rw4 

Phil< 

£Pim(AM. . 

TO Diaoi, to Yeaat, rich QflTki 
fent, 
Each goddefs of gifts has her part i 
■ But wiyg to his nymph can a poet pi 
But his ballad, his love, and his b 

AAHAOr 
*If^a Airftfir, roi ftir U^ ht^ YixA 

AXAcs n Soi lor^of i^vy IW^or, n rat. 

AkEpithalamicm?^ Haitn *hG 
(firmerfy Chap ma k) written by bet 
Walker. 

LONG may tliis morn in pteas'd 
brance rif« 1 
Hail each fenfiiiion, cherm'a at its 
WhilA fleeting time on airy pinions f 
Thy gentle breaft ma> know (Id c 
mourn I 

May Bartlett's name long prove thy 
theme 1 
Long may you live in plenty, pes 
May true content enliven eveiy fceni 
And thine the wilh to ftudy 
pleafe i 

Eafy the tafk whire ftrift aifeift'ion hi 
The fiedliog he;nt its dtd:»Ces will t 

May genuine Virtue harmonise ymir 
And Reafon's law exert ihetr utn^ 



The roarlhall'u bowmen liur, in rrn-' .iriy, 
Proud of their livery'd vcft, ^^ • «^ ■ ". t gay j 
Greater than pyjmies l^^hrni -.li'.- : rancsheen 

here, [war. 

Their unhatchM young (h.>''.!.i ti rmble at the ^" **"^y * fphere tl.y feet unerring m 

Ye won»«*n-w;iriiors! .'■.uicily worth die Caught from the eye eatli anxioi 

name) ' thought, 

Pluck iwt ilie palm of A.n:izonian f ime ; Byfympathetic care a daughter prov' 



The boail of diivalr>-, ths bow, foi uke, 
A fitter, prettier, bow* l.ke wcapuri lukef 
A weapon, iimocent ofhlviod or war, 
Let th^ f jor peaceful pcf g^n be your care I 
Ih fm.ut batialia rangV, each hcroltand ; 
This falhionable tcbe Iball grace >ourhanJ, 
And he I who lou'JctT pop5, (hall bear away 
A f'lver Squirt, — brij'-t emblem of tlie frav » 
Big wiih the glorious thouglir> my Mufe 

would pry 
Through the d»»rk vril nf lonf ruturity, 
To fing what Cli.c^, by njvel fUme in- 

fpir'd, 
Tlwir tiny inftrunr.cnt wiih ardolir fir* J, 
Or eke, with << '. uTei^eJ pailios, tell, 
S..4r'd at the thuuiiViUc; pop, what myriads 

fell. 

3 



Perfbrm'd the with before the 
bfx^ke. 

Still in fraternal love alike thou Ihon 
Nor did diilrcfs e'er fue t<i thee in 

The daughter, fif^er, friend, liv*d all 
And pity melted at the voice of pa 

Calm may thefe virtuef follow theetF 
Thy joy$ chief centered in Uiy B 
bread ! 

Combine tiiofc names now in a faithf 
To footh l:is caic;bccvVy wilhcoi 

Thv fifters litcu-ts in unifon will mo 
AfTedUiMi's power from ev'ry 
dream ; 

To fee thee fliine in viriu-s truth, ai 
WUl glad lIa: lorrUii fji tacli Ungu 



SikU Ptftry^ Antiint and Modern j far January^ 1 7^3, 7 1 



sfiw abof« the (iddf throng 
f *k vocariesy wbofe nncertaio joyf 
« bbfled at thqr paft along, 
tliB.of time «jch tiaofieoc ibene dt- 
eft- 

if WifiloiD all thy fteps attend 1 
joa*s power the cnuis thovight 
otrmil I [end, 

m ierane in peaceful evenings 
■fignatfen't aid direct the whole ! 

re fpring now decks the flow'ring 

Badff 

yioftk pafii in quick gradation roond; 

iptng fun to contemplation leads^ 

\ the mind where happinels isfoond. 

u purfne it with a fteady pace 
a't wide maxe to Tune's coocloding 
ene ! / fgrace, 

11 old age ihine with peculiar 
faaliing f eace review thy mind 
fene. 

I k cberiih'd innocence and tnithy 
er to guile and e/ry lower art ; 
oa's beams flione in thy early youth 
1 the errors of aooiher's heart. 

ry virtue added yean improve, 
d by wifdom to life's journey's end 1 
er paflions fix'd on things above, 
ial Ueillngs that on truth depend. 

tain hopes iball gild thy iettiog fuo, 
the ^loom of ficknefs and difeafe i 
that c^lro in which thy life begun, 
rake to joys of everliftiog peace. 



Can truth fpcak CUfehood ? Ood hireCelf de- 

ccive ? fHeav'n 

With gbnt-arm, that wars with Tn^h and 
The gloiious pyramid of Engliili hw 
Thou gladly would'ft reverie, and cniOi the 

crown 
Beneath the people's overwhelming bafe. 
Vain thought ! Uke Egypt's, Uie ftupendoua 

piiO 
Shall {land, the laftiiig wonder of the world. 

In vain doft thou artfea the teni»er hient 
Of bleeding iunocence ; wc fee the wo^ 
Hungry and grim, that, fhouW the (hcpherda 

ileep, 
.Would leap the fence, and defolate the fold. 
No wonder the audacious hand aflkil 
All tarthly Mgnitkt, Chat dares invade 
Heaven's awful conftitution, wreft th» 

crown 
Eternal from the Pow'r that gave thee breath. 
Thits loudly to blafpbeme, contemner vile 
Of whiit is facred deem'd io earth and heaven 
Bridle thy dragon lips; ■*« nor let thy fmoke ' 
Afcend fior even*' troubled ocean, ceaie 
Thy faaious foam, nor caft op «<endM 

mire I !" 
Pure was the breeze that fans tliii w §^ 

of arts," , 

Ere tainted by thy breath : in every ftreet 
Tike voice of labour Cmg away its cares i 
The churclwMid fe^taries harmonious breath*! 
The genuine fpirit of frateraal love t 
But when thy puritanic/«mi/ appear'd. 
The heavens grdw dark, and thy familiar 

fiend fpreft 

Fbm'd in the pulpit, thonder'd from the 
Till all was uproar, and ftroug veogeaocg 

hurl'd 



i POETICAL EFFUSION 

Itligious and Toiitical PriitcifUi cf Sedition's temples imokiog to the ground. 



i»hKi>wn hut net fofular CbaraSfer 

mptoous man! can thy ele^ic 
flafh 

he great artill'ry of the Iky, 
Kk the rolling tliuiiiler? Can thy 
teams 

bpbic ftdphur dim the blaze 
celeftial? Dares ihy torth-bom 

the Seraph choir«, thatceafelefsfing 
ud Hofanrahs to tlie Triuiic God } 
the duft ! thy optics cannot bear 
ial glory ; the meridian fun 
thy I'enfe : and yet thou dar'fl invade 
id recefTes of the higheft heavens, 
ith excefs of light, and furious tear 
nal Son from his Eternal Sire. 
ib^ reafoner I canft thou compre- 
end [grafs, 

reft works? the fmallefl blade of 
uks the dew, is myftery to thee ; 
ft tlmu Ie\-el, wi:h unfalt'nng h:invJ, 
i dim telefcupe at things diviiiCf 
ehenfibly fuWime ? Atvay 
lam's regimen, dark roanir, ar.d 
raw ! [v'fMd ? 

i*it ihvu queAion the AiuK^lrv s 



Sirminghamf 17921 



To A Lady dressed with A Ytay 
LAtCX Bou<^vxT. 

F Albion's the tyrant of mankind^ 
Whofe univerfal fway 
Can captive lead the willing mind. 
And in its filken fetters bind 
Vain mortals to obey. 

See Mira with the load opprefsM 

Of a whole garden's pride 1 
T^icnofegay totters at her bread. 
And, mifer-Jike, of we:dth pofleft'd^ 

its treafure feeks to hide. 

There fee the Jafmin, once fo meek« 

Eredt its filver heads ; 
No longer languid now, and weak^ 
It gains new luftra-from her cheek, 

And ten-fold whitenefs fpreads. 

The bluftiing Rofe, in contnft fweet, 

It^ifraPTant It.if ditp'av*; 
WUilft Pinlicj tha fp- r*ng bcr.rath hct feet, 
Kuw fetl licr he'irf wiih rapture bear, 

Wh.iltflic httf d^tye-. uuv^'y^. 

Go, 



7 1 S^i& Poitry^ Antiini and M$derH^ fir January, x 79 j. 



Gof piloAj flow'rsi nor i* defpight 

Prefume tliuCe charms to (bade % 
The Rifing Sun Hill puts to flight 
The envious clou*!:! of parting night. 
That would his reign inv:ul6. 

GO| feek tlie borom, fwnin with pride. 

Spleen, envy, .'lud defpair ; 
There fpi'e.id ym.! ..mplc fulii-ge wide. 
And, lilie the "rgm temple, hide 

The fieiui '.hat's worlhipM there. 



Battle's loud bray with what /n^yW/diq 

bear. 
And figbt of dead inen-^>dang1ing in thswr; 
Profufe of powder for their couiury's good, 
Siicdding, like Shylock, noc one drapol 

bltiod ; 
A mournf:il tale of Monarchy's o*ertIirow, 
Next fhc may tell, byy«ffs culttta and f^ 
How DcmucraLh \h clubs :tnd Uveitis mil. 
Turn felons looie, and fovereigiis fod CO 

jail; T'lread, 

How mejgre Jacobins feize chui-chniea't 
And exil'd pricfts <in foreign alms Mre fcil. 



;, 1792, ^v /A.Rtv. Dk. Barrow. I'*'^ ^"^Jtf"?^' imctrajiocornic nation, 
)• little rhyme or reafoa grace his ^'^^^ !^^*» P'~f«' «»f"fi<« rerfonnationi 



P R <) r. O G U E 
To the Sprect, 

I ftraViir '"■'*■"' *" ■-•»•«• 6"™ i<«t ne'er let Britons ape tlio nsvolutiort, 

Yearly the Bc'iman feels piwtlc pains ; ^*S,^*"*,P"^^.^ ^"'l our conftituiion. 
Sing, fing l>e mull with wayward Mufe or W*"*« >'*PP«r Prologues treats like thifo 

No fong, no Chriftmas beer, no Chriftmas ^e ftillprefeat die fame oW.fa[hion'd fare. 

But how (hall lalk-vcrfe keep its friends and ^^ ^^ "^^ "^"^"c'* ^"* ^"^ *««w ihi 



fault, 
And give ne feasTning but old Attic fait. 
Our court'oiu friends, we tnift, will boood 
tlicir wi(hes [diflies. 

To Gre^k ami Rom.ui, miic'd with EngU^ 
In treats, oi* books, we bow toclaflicrules» 
1 he dodlrine aud the difcipline of fchools. 
* One word at laft Indulge me on tlie 
ftate 



favour f • [ever* 

No voioe, no bell, can chime in tune for 
Ev'n birth-day bards tho* horeat fack in- 

fpire, [tire : 

Their "Pegafus, o^erflratn'd, at lad muft 
His annual heats let Gibber ride, or Pye, 
The fleed nay prance, but cannot Mways fiy. 
Worfe for the wea^^ will grow the choiceft 

things, ^- „ . . 

And Odes exhauft the virtiics^cven of kings. ^^ yo"*" V^"" Prologue s poorer ad vx:.ite, 
Since then no Chiiftmas-box nor royal ^rrnvn, like h.s thcine, a fii|icrannur»tc. 

I,3yj fways Seafon on lealon doomd thefe boards 

Can teach to fmg old fn*^je6ls in new / "*?' „ . ^ . , • 

No wonder, hackncy'd in this anmwl courfo, ^s fock or buikin, Greek or Laim, led. 

Piwr ProloRUS at »n(l fhouK! fnde his horfc ; To-niglit, the curtain droppM, I quit the 

Couderon'd to hobble o'er the fame dull ,.«/^^^l 

rtninil, [hound i ^^ difPreot fcenes my future cares engage. * 

The beaft will ceafe to ciirm and to But may my baik, lience vent'ring from tbe 

The proverb fpoil'd, the wkI's curie will . ^^^* . * - 

fyll,,^ Thro life's rude furgc nrw regions to explore^ ' 

" Semel in anno mn ritlet AiniUo." ^'"» ^^^^' ^^ f"*^"'^ ^^' *"*^ ^^^ expand, 

To luckier play-lioufe baiJs new ro.ittcr Not Ccnfure's tempefts wreck me on *« 
rifei, [prices:' _ '^rand. X^^^% 



} 



te 



Dnwn from new plnys, nowhmnVj, and new 

Their buftling Mufe may d.i^ lliiOJcli thick 
and thin. 

From Lifle to Metz, from Paris to Berlin ; 

Nay rhyme and reafon ruJcly ir.ay disjoint ; 

A'.id mifs her grammar, if ^\i hitf licr (Kjini ; 

Of Rhyme and Mufe make fLliwOiiian foun- 
tains, [niov ''.airs \ 

And r.hnnge ParnafTns forth« <'!-..n;».j!i:a 

Sing Rnmiwick's Duke w it! i co-iri^- jpenl 
in writing, 

And right keen appetite, but 

Ilom-ward retreating to (iib(t. 

Untaught to dine on freedom 

Theu, crnfs the Channel b(Mii 
will, 

To Rat;niot*> tented henth nnJ Rearon-S'.ill, 

Of braver Hrilons fing the fi':ri:e c.\mp... 

If not with bullet!^, pelted fore with rain ; 

Or march'd through Hartford- fia:s ia tirra 
array. 

Storming rcdjubts— or gallows by tlic way ; 



Farewel.— If you vonchfjfe the fpeeding 
Si :100th glules the W.irk, with wind and 

tide we J'ccr. 
And may this ilr.c;e, in long feccelfion 

rich, 
Wiih I'hghJer talents fill my vacint niche. 
\N h.ittf lur the part my futui^ fa:cs ;illign, 
l/.t comic n>irt;i or traj^ic cares be mine, 
i/''. lliali 1' III n\.M.<nv.u (hcfc dear IcriicsFe* 



AialVir.; u\>.'ro :^c Cieiii-)<:«.if the pS.ice. 




o"» 



* Mr. J. Rarwi*-, the fpraker of the 
r:\ilar.tic, wa:; on the point of quitting 
i: c fcliool, ai u I<:u'i t>(.en furnierly dif* 
tiij.:;uitVed as a pui fornic.- iu Uie pU^vs at 
tiid p.c^demy, ar.d latterly in the fpecches. 



*»* Th*? impoiition of whichW. G. P. cnn^pmn- w.t; /■;ri)/r.f'T.n impofition ; prob.'^f 
oi\r new nrrangemeat of the Poe'..cal Dc^'anmcu; wiii CAtlu-ie luch in future. 



r93-] 



C 73 ] 



XINUTE5 or the PROCEEDINOS of the NATTOVAL CONVENTION o* 

FRANCE, {\tfititucd/c'n p. 12 1 1.) 



IMiTi T3 ^^^ ^'* ^^ '^ n.ime of the 
^"^^ '• XS. C«mjmittcc of Tut''", pr#- 
ln.*jd a report on a number ur p:i{)ci » Liioiy 
faur^l ill the Thuilleiics. 

T!»e Convention procceJcfl on il'.c Or«!rr 
of Hit D iv, rcfprsftinj the trial of I .miie X V /. 

ii-i^'.f'.itx {"ii.c It a? hiN c»fvi»ion, lit it tlie 
AiTenMy, w illicit difctiHi'^s •'^■i* 'ii-^><-'r 
ire*4f:hyfical qiieftions, oupjit .it one lu 
ircreethnC the fric i»f Louis X^I (hu ]•{ S* 
fit at iffae ; a'm that, in lliive »' iv-, h-* 
f-.w!c he b un.! 'o bnnq; fnr^v.Til tl c ux* i=» 
Ot I;i« i!cf-:iKe. [ //Ir.'-i- fiUvwe.i f-mr tu** ■.!' \ 

: Jm'.'; .' I'cr.r €l*i': a '>c-ric jf Accui'iiifiu 
irai::il Lou ^ ';e XVl'M. 

A:':er order f»ad Uecn re'^TrJ, ^t AnJi'i 
fjkl-" Iz-ir? XVf hr^s bci*f n^c n'v j'.^'p.cJ 
f" tl* 'C'!i ^-f Aiig'.irt, uh' !i 'it c I 1" il :' 'II- 
(tnili of ft Z'. lis t(» bs aJi (iina»e.'. J'hc 
Phsi.iry A-ic"^ bliss l;avc cnfnsv*.' ^Vk.v 
j-\.'![*Ak:nt. A dc-'^ce --if i-.'-uvnii.- "■ «u» 
Ir-j^riicc fTiiv. Vu*n. !;• o pi-niiim.''. 
t--.: tic : . ru • n my nf h - • "in! i-\ .'* 

A:'. '.; ;■ . -.■ j i *lc, :in<^ f ;: " • e ' c " ■ i ni : c ' f n ■ 
ttl'jw :- ** * '.-r- isr.». ri'^fcil." f :■ ■ r u ; 
t'i i:i.,t.';..n*. t\\i< ••O'l . t;.:;i*i U i"» 1-- 
M*«.t' mll.v'c '' tv u Ts: Ijmi'* " ■= ■' ■- 
tViRclfoi "'I 1- -m'A; Louis ■ :iiiU'.'«''he 
F; icliPu.ji'c T. K-h.Is; \c -vXA in,^ tj 
p".'. i' tl,''ii. \\\e r tl ;f Lis brotl:cr lVi:"il.. t 
\i.- :. rtl th • P' »»; Ic •cch:t'd iirfl' ) be 
th^R.t'; Lo.:i' Ihcr.f-i J Ci .inn -.oiric-il; 
^■' ii '. .Illy M:nVm:-t:,L He iftcrv Midu 
l:":ciit)' ■ t'K.l of ''harLii;.« tint of 
J..' »', t', '!jry Qtieeii «»f Scots: tl:e 
t5r.T>ci, '.c . ■;.!, hjid btc i- tfrd as a pn-ce- 
d.'i'., f-M lo.-ign pictcocni", l.c .irj^'jcil, 
Ver- 1 1 1 ■ S»j a-iv-prcii by t'ict.. C'u- Its 
I cFiif'. • ;iv tri*»'. bv fudges ht the ditpofil 
'^CuniWf 1 ; ^!lly (^•i-*»'ii of Scct> was 
firrirircd l» the a^l^ll nn of Llizribctli. 
brMiic c:if:-. W.1S wi.lely iiiliercnt. Jn the 

ttlirlcR::: riifii of x.i-UtS niMtilCI' d fflCil'ty 

W'.f-,i-'t. \V':»r p'.inifb"-^v'« t viil >(ni in- 
fl'Cl? P:.tll: .■ too crucif » vcl .iiin J <nc. 
Nn, F'plw-^. an/'' i: 'iftf 1^ n' IJ l-e :\ SuirdLii. 



C .■•^-enir'iii tlt-.clj!" Irm a Trnitor to the 
F •liv.h i\ ti.in. .Mil! ciiin.nnl t nvarV.£ hiima- 
iiiiv. 1 di-.j.. d, t -r .IS f c'. he :iny affoi'J 
:i n»»kiiij;«.x..mp!c r-. the wc'.d on the very 
f.tme fpi»t ul'.'! '-n I'le t-'i (if Aii^uA (o 
tr^imy j^enerui'.* in.:itvr icli in the t.iiife of 
L:'-c:t\ ; and th/.' f:u<-..:rd> n nioir.nr.cni: 
nwr. h« crn*t04! i;i r-. 'o r«"n'iid ihe i'eppio 
of t' IMF r-phrs, n- ;pi ^r.-i-, on tl:c:r minds a 
hn-rnr for Tv*-.'!!! , an.I on t'.;it of Tyr.ir.ts 
ti c Liiut.try t-.-MO.- of tnc juiiice oi the Peo- 
ple." 

Pgrhu Tiii' — •* If vo ^ raf« a Dj^cree of Ac- 
c'.v. tH'H ap:iiii'^ Li v. > XV-\ \^..\\ wjU lake 
'Oil \ ui» t!ir t"iiicLM:i> of the Jiirv tf Acii:- 
fir OI'. . i)«' w:il tl.ii:> dic:de that you do not 
\^:*h 'o kiunv ;»nv ih',;f^ of tha queftion* 
whii^ 1* n.-r -.In- iotii.lii-pi of the Aliembiy ; 
t'-; ' riL'UM.i, to v.Ji.r.. v\>« icnjitihe aff;iir, 
u"ll r. r h; '. e III i,\if.i- it, becmfe a Tri- 
bu-. 1 . -n II. i, ;!p,-.l. f .»".iliii[!j laws, and tlie 
!'• u.il L«5i'* . -fwi'.. I ;Mcfeut furnifh any 
«■ r)t < i\.'ji\- '* lie ilijicfore deinandc(% 
t :iT »hi;y livMih' I rc^i.uiily dcxlarc, whf.hor 
! 1 . • a\'|. ci,; '.J b'j jiu'.^jcd, and uhofhould 

L-: ,t .id — f* Y.)i! Iinve a figii.U vengenoce . 
to '. X' :"ciic: pi", p u" an ctuuiici'ilion of the 
( 'fi." 1 ,«« of i.o-.ii.. XVL uml pronounce in 
Cj-: 1 q-. IP e ift'ct-. i'lKvices." 

AltM-.i l.»ii ■. vl r.iiJhon, it was demandod 
lli..t the prop-:ir't-..na of Robcrfp'orre ihoiiKI 
be n!:t lo tiitf \ «.!■?. TJ-.<r Ail'jnd)iy, 4 rt-r 
do ■ I- 1. 1' •'«•,. f,a\c ir'-'icrenccto the proiwfi- 
t o." cr !^'i"n. 

]■ :w-«-ojK)fc', as an amendment, that 
if . ,1,1 u. t«rtLucd, t! :t the Kmj? Ihould 
bi:i.! t l-v ;:ic Coiivcution. Tr is a:nei'd- 
r.i..i/ wjs ...; )prti:, and the deciee paliicd as 
foil'»v\s: 

I h • N.-.tional Convention decivcs, *< That 
Lo i? XVL be tried by them/' 

T:>!\i;i\ 4. The Coi!vcn:ion orccrcd, tVat 
the p'.jn of a decree 1hoi;ld be printed, rela- 
tive lo the ti ar.fl..ti(>M ol tl .eir Livvs iiitt • foi ci^ii 
l.:'.;;i.a^i".. .uul particularly the debates con- 



rormyfulJ, i "y*- K<ihirifpi»-: re, I willi tlic ce;" iipo Ih:. l.:to King. 

]>iiniibrr.ent *^\ <<e tit to be abolished, and By a decree illued upon the propofition 

h3vefn«d, thiHij»h in va"'i, to ctlcdl it ; but of Ihuiut, " All the provifionsand i>erfonal 

l.ere(r. i with rrgt^t 1 oi\n ihe Mlid truth/ pr(^perty beloni^ing to the bmigranfs, which 

is a cn'el cx«.ep:ion, owing t«> thr nuturj of fiiall l>c i.jken by the Ficnch arniie:», fliall 

>;is crmf* I-oiiis muft din; r;'t!ier Ih.m be c(;nti iced to the State." 

i:o,cco of J is petiple fhouid perifh— Li uis A DcpnUition fn)m Rel^ia and Lierc de» 

IBnrt, to lave- the C"untry ; a King, whole manded, " That the Frenth N.-.:! n IhrnilU 

lunie alone fiT piuns^ed his d ftr^dlcd coun- c:tg;i.';c, with the Helgic {>« )ple, net to fcTin 

Iiy ir.:-) a \v..r : neitlier hi-^ i'lii-r fonnient, any tre.it y with F- reisn Towers, unl'.fs the 

rf*: cX)'c, rr»i lendei hisexilU-ic»-iiu!itlcrcnt indcp<.r.«'enLt' of Iklgia Hiould be l.rfl .10* 

1} the p '>;■*: welfjie, l>e»;u'r the f.ite of knowlei'p'v! [^L(,uJ mj p/<iuj\:l. In {v.Jn cafe 

L/.i:.>, tticr7*'<:rr, immcdi.itely ; hi- wi'c^and 4'':,o©c' l.v'lj'i.-.;^;. wo*d<l co i)p«ra'e uirh th^ 

l!ic oilier ciipriTs, refer t«> tlw Tribun.ds. Fr-ncli, :*.Md noi lay ilown their jjrms fll: he 

Keep Irs fon il! the Tenipl« till peace ai»d ty'a:itsh.;d d f,ip)"H:aicL" The ]/epul:<tion 

innf^uilhty ;:re reitored tn t!i^ cnnniry. As l!;'.n iwore, in the n;!me of ilieirConititnentSf 

(or Lrui» himfelf, 1 mow :h..t ihie Notional to acknvwkdjCBo ttboriyiUn (Uaa l.ibcrty 

CftNT. Mag. yiiwuryi 1793. ata4 

10 



74 



Prociidiffgs oftht National Qonventlon ^France. 



and Equality, ami vowed an eternal hatred Rouhcl fupported the motion < 
to all cyrauis. Th:y hopcil that the war rcconinjemied liic juJgen»cnt \ 
^l^ould never be c(*.pt;lm'cd \:nt!l t«ra'.t5 willunit ailjonm hg. 
tbmild no longer cxift. \_Loud af.j-.'uuie.^ ^Urlin u .ib confidered a«; a 

** The Rcpnfentativvs of ti^e people of liaving dematled that, in the p 
Hainault ani Belgia,' cor.tiniied t!ie Pe- tl.e dtcrct*, it ihtnild he ftair<i, 
pntios, •* ba-e retolval to'breait y.l tie ties (hould not he ic eftahliihcd c 
whicii coiir.f<5t thcle two people w;th tl;e Pn.Piiry Alltmhlits. He excul 
Houfe of Aultr.ai toai^nul the Hel;:ic iit^ics hv f;.v:n:^, tltat on the loth o 
and all the .vovercign Councils cflahUihcJ in r«.giv.itea hut one ihinr, ii^- *' 
the rrv)vn;f.cs, except tho!e which cnianate 
from ll'.e p-.-oj^le. *1 hey alfo reccM?'.meod il, 
that, a'.t men '.»rting equal in ^he eye of t e 
•J^w, all dilii!i6l;t'nwiir a'w.laatd, as \\'A{ 
^s tlie rif^ht of niortnian, ar d \\\M c.erv m.m 
imy hun; ut^on his oirn <;;rouHls f. om ilie 
fir ft of S; ptcnibtr to the firl\ of M..rcl». 

The I'rtfulent .enlied a*i ft.llv>ws- : 



** ti' jj uljuliduvdU"! t)rutus." 
GauJii, o''fi.rvii)g t ir'.t Mc 
fition- ttiw'trd towanii anarchy, 
to dcfiHiitfin, den'aiuled tl'.c 
d.:y, — r.azire w.is KurriWni<:. — 
and Cluil>ot un(utctl;fuliy Uciua 
lpe<ik. , 

Tilt* onU'T of t'^e diy upo: 



" Cili/e 1 DcpuiicS'— Ytai poffcls i.T^mp^^c Hnzot't; pro; «>rjtions was adopt' 
trc.ifurcs and abb^rys. Recoltdt il^e matl'i- 
cres of Mons. and your fi>rnicr lyrai.t;. 
. All pco.Je are free wiio |M)lft;ls tU.it mtt<d 
which f. rmt f.ibrrs. Tlw lerm:^ Lirc:ty 
and E.jad.Tv compofe ah.»n^l o^ r.n'on nivi^h 
ft>on.;er thr.n the conui.xiou of Av:liiia. 
Choofe that free government wlr.ch Vvm 
coaicivc moll chEible. » he (\. Vf:nni>n 
1ms I'trl.ned tf at il will ?,rant pidlc^'i-oij and 
aiiiftancrloall j-kfople v li<»afjMrcl«> IrctiU m." in.;; t'jro*',: 

The IKputifS were invite ; to the urtinr, 
aind lecfcived the: faliitc of fiv^te^nity fr^'m tf>e 
Prefidcnt, in the midA of the moll lively 
apjdaufe. 

The ttp'or of the day was the difr n<T» n 
relative I'! fubfillcLCfS ; hot, after manv long 
d'H tes, the Convention d^*cre«d, Hiai ic 
flioolil give place it) ih« trial i)f the King. 

M(lin-t \vifhe»l to lefnioe tiie <iu»'flion re- 
late c to inviolability. " Phiiofopbers ('a s 
he), as wntci-sinf< rm U5, ctnfmed ib'i fe'u- 
ghfh fr having tried Chulcsl. Conf;<'tr, 
vhrher it luul not been better, i', niHcad 
of Ihor tuning the fcepi!^, ihc'y had dcilio\ed 
it. True Republicans would then ha^ e writ- 
ten tiieir Infloiy, and they would not havr; 
been ccnrurcd : I-^t thf (word cut ort lie 
life < f a Tyrant, and hllory \s i'.l be ji-ll to 
our fame. 

The Trefulcnt obfcrvinj; th.it rhe cp'.eJli'm 
«)f inviolability had bjen dcculed prewiouUy, 
.tl»e AfTemhly filcnced the fpeiker. 

BuMt requireil, that the Convention fhould 
decree, " tl at ht who fliould prefuine to 
fp'ak <»f re-cLlabhflnnv: Roya'ty, unJei* any 
form wh.itevrr, llioidd ba punilhod with 
death ;■* atid he dcitanded the «i//tv ;; w//;.i/ 
rdpri^^ing this prop fitu n. 

On ll.is, rdl the v'.enihers on the left, and 
p:irt ol thole on the rig'it f:d<- of I'tc Hill, 
mte v» ith a -Irrgrce of cuthuliaf.n, and calkd 
for the itppel frjminal. 

fifjirtut :vtiempJctl to oppofe this propofi- 
tion ; hut ll»e l.*onvcnti.»n vvoulU not hear 
him. Another Deputy pi o|W)fed. that tb.ey 

«* (honld pafs fenttnce on t'ne King bcfoie " the fjnience of the King, a 
Ihey broke *ip.'* LLmuI ucclamatiom mU iX' '[ relates to tlie BourtxHi family, 
tmv^ant a^^latffej y' o'clock iu tUo muruing |iU ^ 



K.itiona' C'>n*.tnLu»n thceed j* 
** U.e N.J it;iMl <- ;'nvtn'ion 
" whi.fo'Vcr w.iiirs to cHu^tif: 
*' FManov;, oi- uiioAJcver CLd-^.i 
** flci'vi It ii'.i'vn .'»i) f rm, or ^t 
** vvh .te-' I, ih .'I nx'KV Of aIIi.' 

'\ i»r* dtt. uMii) > '•''mn»C")Ced V 
pofi? o'. ;»f F':ni pp^M.-, .a)ujjed j 



*' \\m'. C<»nvcn'ioi; drcrct;r,tl 
" tinoe ntti'i ■ t-,!l it Ih ill \.:\\t \ 
*' Ini live icn'«.iice ;ipv.n l.owi< ? 

'}\.'i'.-!i propolcJ Uie h^nir of 
Ccfd «.'V('iy tlr/.' op .n till hnfi.r 

0,/t.'>H u-'nj.>::docl ri..'t i!.*- ful 
the la^A iclpcding i'.n»: m !>?s (1 
cerrd. d up(Ki without uitcnr. .lii 

(iuui'jn '".-Iievcd tliai Fir^nce 
h.u'e bj cat! fill tiie h'o ot all 
f smdy v^ ;<s deri 'ul npLMi 

R'!ff^iir'X, -'Jur many dij 
Uincil I Hearing ilt d'.ni ii; led 
be dccrecil, a< a fua^l.iment.;! p 
no i;.at!o:i ci/uld he govcrr.^d h 
The r:cfrJcir clLd him to lh» 
fore th.m, Wlictlicr the fitui 
I'cc.ied i^i»-ii;»;iuU .- — Roheri 
pn?rte'ev-: li i-, :;til»aps mictl 
I'^o (]'jeft;(;n in i iJtticul tei m\. ■ 
cipal point i^ to judge L(iui:»XV 
•depait. Il is al!o nr.»tuiialcok.i 
Louis XVI. wabnOt fcntcnceJ it 
of the infurre^liou of tlie rot! 
and, iffo, whctl:erhc ought i 
ft/.ntly puniHieil. 

Buzsf oppofed every motion • 
to prevent the Kin? fiom bcinj 
c lufc it wa^ ncceil.iry to know 
plif.es. 

VctizHi propofiiion was the 
follows : 

The Natiruial Convention dec 
" the Aliembly fh.dl he occup;« 
** cxclurively,aiu! withmit interi 



1793.] Proceedings if the Nathfial Convention of Tmnce. 75 

** iajf, until tlie bufinefs (hall be finally de- 5. Thnf, oq the hWow'xnz mominjf,' Lout 

•* terrine'.'* Caymt flinll l^e brm'^ht to f lie Krr of t!\c Coii- 

I>iT.4 Tl^HK.-it, F.verv day eminfjrles are veiitton, to hear rlw rrclarji^on re :d, ai)d te 



ftrlfrtni P irh t » the DepaitmeniSi to cir- 
ciiK'te liHels, inciting the pro)ile V.i demand 
tt*rtft«r.iiTfjn of l-.^yaky. Mcafures muil 
be i»i-..:i»»Iy t.;t- nt : l.;i-:piLf- t!icfe intiigues. 
t'r:;:.:. r r. — '\ II r..-.i,n V -CAiX s letter was 



anfwer lh«» «iucrtio;is to he pioooirU to him 
(MiU thiongh liic tiigui of rlje Prefi«!« it, 

6. rha? a c««py <5f t'nc iicj':ii.iji<jn n.l of 
tie fcrit^b of qiioiliMiis ih.pl '^e d-livercd ic 
Lmiis C:»)>ei ; ano tiwit il*e Prcfiuent Ih.ill mX- 



fait tome, wh:» h ri'.i'.icllcil a StaJtholdcr, journ il-.c procteJmg* lor tvVti dtys, to hoar 

win a ju:iru' of lo ceo mcu. his deft -itiv e «»jirvcr. 

TlieCouvrniJon decreed, thatlJie Miniftry 7. '1 1»..t, on ilic t'ay after !ii«i fi.*cord apnear- 

Aould puMifii SIS fpcediiy as podihle ihofe ance at iIi'.. br.r, the N.AU(»ua' 1 onv^nii.m 

forees which en-»dt the punilhmer.t of dc.th lh;dl prnp,{»ui. '.; i n the f .ti- it \. uis C s^ff 

onpnv ])erfiin who fhriU propofe to re-eila- by the ap^cl riomimuly e.iwli M.-rahcr .a his 

Kjlh Rtiyalty, or «*xport corn. name is cillsJ ajipoariiiii lucccoivtly ia llie 

Oincial .'ifpatcbfs were read, from L'.cu- Tribune. 
teUMt-GcnciMl Vairnce, p.tir.ouncin'^ the cap- 8- The N..tion.il Coiii-enliori charpes t!io 

lareof il»€ c-»lV.t$ of Njinur. one of which, Excailive Council, on '\'% rt/.onfihi!i:y, to 

Ihefort of Vitallc, w..it;>ktn hy aflault, after 'ake all msaiuics ncceir.ny fur the pi.blic 

llitr.iu^ of a ct)rps of ^->z.o Auftrians, en- feciirity clurinc; tli? tnr.! oi I-ui.is Cablet, 
trwicheil in the wot»d- of Aft'i. The garri- 2^e:. 7. A Djrutaiion of the Secli.»n oC 

£fl were all made prlfoneiT «?f war. the I hv.illtr e» w..i:ed on theCouncil-Geiie- 

Dic. c. A Icng debate cnftit^d, rcfpecling r::l of the Commons of Pjris, with the fol- 

tte diificwltie«, obt\arIes, aitd f rands, wliich lowing demands, among others, rtdative to 

ttiCc'd 111 Pai is with itgard lo corn. Many the gnard of the King: 
rerfons 0:1 iho;r way to Paris with orn had 1. I hat two Members of t!ic Council- 

bsrn tupped by p-rfoos unkfiown, ami General (hoii'.d remain, darinr: the niglUf, in 

oWgcd to return. 'I he Convmiitindecreed, t le cuamb'-r ot the ci-dcvant fviji;, inliejil 

th3!(he emillaries who prevented tl.c free ofun*-, which had !iitlie: to hce:i the loilc. 



circu'aiion of com in France Ihould, if dif- 
COTcrtd, be piit to dcuth. 

The Convention afterwards refiimed the 

^iwftinn to'iching the. mode in which the 

Kins is to he tr;cJ, when tlicy decreed as 

* fcUow*:— A coirm^fiim cxtraordiiury is to 

Reformed, on whofe report the Convention, 

on iMcn^fay the loth of December, arc to 



2. Tnat, as X.\\e ci-J^vant Kiii;^ had tlveuif- 
tom o» Ihaving himfelf, that hhcrty IhcniUl 
now be taken from hi'i) ; and that, hLe 
other prifoners, his beard ihould be cut willi 
fcifTors. 

The reafon given for the firft of thefe de- 
mands was, that the King Uimfelf bong a 
very powciful man, and liis Valet drf Cham- 



djcrec tfie dp.cftion of the acfi exhibiting the brc beini^ remarkably fo, a f;nr;le Coirmif- 
dwrges which have been pro\ed agaiiill fary might eafily he oveicom-j :mu1 murdered 



iuois; nnd oti Tiicfday thu of ftanng the 
iMernrjat 0:1s wl.'cli are to be put to him. 
The next day hr if to l>c bro'ight to the bar, 
iulieartlielad a<tt xt.^\}., :;r:d lo r.nfwcr tiie 
qodliuns wtiich the PrefulenC rr.ay put lo 
him. A copy of tli^ charges and the quef- 
tions will be given u> him, and ttvo davs al- 
km 3d him to pieparc hiv defence ; at the ex- 
piration of whith time, final judgement will 



by the m. \V':'.li regard to ijip lccoi\d di mnnd, 
it w.is fnundcd on the poliin.lity «?f the Kinij 
cuttiiiij his own throat, to r.iilelhtcompalii )ii 
of the peoi^lc in f.jvi>«nu^ hi«i fontli*^ Dauphin. 

The relii!t wi theiic'li>)crati«>n<:i)t tiie Couii« 
cil-General w.iS the foil )wing arret: 

I. Hvcry kind of cuuint'-infhunicnt, and 
I'll 3r:Tis oil n!ue or dvi::')'.ivt?, aiul evciy 
thin.? of which other pr.l'onMj, fiippofed 



bepaifed oil him by nominal api>cal, every criminal, arc deprived, Jhall he taken away 

Member jivin? his vcrdi«il. from the priioneis (;f the rcirpi;:. 

I)rc (t. '1 he Allcjnbly dcliheratcd on t!ie i. Thole who fcrve them, or come nrar 

Trill of the K ing : :.''cr a vai iciy of f»n.i>ofi- them, Ihall l>e luKi'Cl to ih- fame pr.vatio::. 
Cions, the foliriwing ivcrcalterijately decreed: 3« AH eat thltrs ih.dl be rnti filed by the 

I. That the Commillion of 2^, and the peifonsap|K»ii'ied for the iVrvice of the pri- 



Commiiteeof Lcjill. lion and General Safely, 
ihall ejtch na nc three Members, who Hull 
He re-uuited to the Committee of Twelve. 

«. Thatthef^ 21 Mem|?ers (hall prefent 
00 Moaday next a declaration Qtfff enor- 
t^'itifj of :lie crimes with which Lou's Cr.iiet 
ischargeil, and il\all ari*aiigei» due order the 
fr«eral parts of the evidence. 

3. TX\9i th«y fliall alfo prefent a feries of 
^onftions to be pro]H>fed to Louis Capet. 

4. That, in ilie fitting of Monday, the Con- 
Tcation will difcufs Wi*-. Declaraitua and Ui« 
iUelliwi to be pro]>o(ed* 



foners, fiu h as the c(K»k,s, coiifcctirners, Uc, 

4. Lve:y iliins: entering the lo" cr lh«l 
befcrurul »ully txannncd by tlic Conimjllai ie^ 
of the Temple. 

5. The Tirrcr, which orders lhr»t tiie Ci>m- 
milfaries of die Temple ihall uvtrv day give 
a written account ti the C.iuouil of what 
pallet III tint pnfon, fhall bcl^i icUy cxccut^^d. 

6. The Icrvanis fhall no lunger fleep ia 
the rower. 

Dec. 8. Two Icitcis were read from tbo 
Commiflioners fcnt to Dumourier's arm-.-. 
Ia the firit they acquainted thu Convention 



76 



Pnaedings cffhe N^itlonal Convention vfYnnct. [J*0. 



with their arrival ar Lie^e; an' t' :it, in 
confjtqnence of an orcii're!«e uh.ch they 
dcfnjcil of The ut-rnft •■ -. r.-qn-rc ■, t- ey h.il 
difpatcl.cd t civ.r-'-r cV.:-..f»'i'.'T. f/. i !i« 
occiirrc lc alhul . *o ut."; '.'..-.s: in th- ir w v 
loihearnny t t'v lo. .n' tli ; v<v'.iis Ovjin nl 
with volunt ts A\' I -^ 'ic iti'irn nc; lo 
Paris. In con f J- III nee o*" a i^'-vui iv.vinp, 
been circulated an- rtr;A t'u* 'i'^ 'p , th.it tlie 



//e7/;s. There thca exifted no law Co pn- 

veiit m«. 

Pif/i.itftf You ord ret» an miTiy to march 
a«ijiii\ ihn Ci'v zcr« of F.«i"c, in-.l mmy 6t 
Diem w^crc fl;.ii;rhured in t?.e Tliujlleries. 

L^v/t. I ivuUliC!! a light :o onlei the rr:)opi 
to march, bu'. I hjU nu imeii'.ufn of ihcdJios 
Wool. 

Vir/Ucif. Yon have lontij crnded rhc «i- 



C"ii\cn'ir!i had itfiii.- • a lUiV.r. ilcihiii.r; f'>rct;»iriiti>ftl'.C'lrcrwy'Sr;f uie i:ihof AuguO, 



co.icci luiiff the ah.'litio!) of pcriunal rerviliidr, 
Uk r-odaltjovcinmcnt, ant* t!ie tithes. Ynn 
refufev! for a Ion?, timi.' lo .irkrKiwlcd^e t\\9 
* PeclninTion of the Rifht? of M:-n," aw*- 
mtntid ys'vir yr\ :rd, and hTfrcrr«l, io ipomenti 
oi nv'l.'ijht revelry, the nat-otul €«ki de to 
be tr.mi^Ied under fm^t. TI e *'.hit':cock:ii!c 



the C'-UT^try to btr oir. nf dri.'.f;*--. . t' -^ \o m- 

tcers, c'l.ceivin.:; 'hcnifcIvtA n*- ^!i^n^ :'. tir 

)iiom'f?3 r.'id oat.':, wer* i- I'un';!^ 1 ■nje !o 

their fiimili s ^hon'd rii!<; oj>uii<-n ?; .n 

Jjto vmI, t'lrv a'*«K it wi' h'.t. 4 i1ii\un".l 

c.J|^^e.:t in t'jr :iiniii.E ; ajiU ihcirfore !cij»ii.rt 

fone av?:ms to he puitir^'d tnit t(» thcrn to 

prevent It. Thp remai' ■•trr of thi*; letter, wasrcpl'Ced,in 1 thenrtlion Mafphemt^: aiWk 

an«l thi- pi.rpen <ff tl-c fecotid, wcio to pi\c it \v..s not til! ' fter the dfcfe;ii cf vour guards 

an'accuif.t of th<? nvjiK-.v in the mil!:.iiy tliar von chi'n.ed ymir bn^n. ge, and re— 

chefts of Mons an'l fhiiiU'ls, and the fi:n.i- ncv ed ',o".!r pcifi.'ion«: prumiic^. 

tion of tl»e tr.». ps. v.'iih rcj'.ord to ilic /.j. / .. 1 made fxh olMcrvations as I 

money, they only found 10.400 hvc- in th;<tr.!,t well founded upon the two nrA de-> 

calh, and ^5,000 in nj/.'^nafs. Ab to the ci-ec<^ ; witli rcfpetfl to the cockade, thac 

foh'icrc, they are in a very b;ul condition. tr;'nradiiin did not take place in my pie— 

The fick in hofpitaU, they fay, wer^ modly fcncr. 

on the floor, without cit!»er matrraffcs or i'v/.Z-ffT At the Federation on the i4tboC 



coveilfS; :».nvl the foU'ieis on duty had mr.fl 
of them no br eches, tic \vaiftco:its ; and 
what tliey c;il1ed co ts corfil\id of .-* ihin 
pa'.chcd ^'..irmcnt : th*y had not c. tn • c!- ok, 



|i:l . , \ oi! took an oa:h which vou have bro— « 
ken; rnd end^nvourcd to cmrupt tiib publiC- 
by liw.- talf-nts of Mirat^au 

/av/i. I iio fjot now rccol'.ft what psfleA 



in cafe of ra-n, to cover t? eir fu:.ls. T***: n' tii.i! time ; hut all tlii-* was anterior to my 

cavfd of thcfc mi.Monunes they had n-.^t yet a^r ptioce '.f the Courtiiulitm. 

traced. V'^fiiUnt. Yfui liavc ;.ppi opriated roillicns 

Dc.jn, The fir in? co-^mcnce-.! ivith a tc hid»c P.-iHs^na tlie I'lov'nccsj you even 

depu'.aluMi fnjm the laux^wuirg '■: An'ivnr, en 'c :vo\ite.lii) make pf^;Mi!..Mty anong ne to 

ft.t'n? t-a* ti^e iiruinect OMs w tie I^ ;art- hibj- va'e 'he peMplv. Yo'i huig meditated 

m»r..t of Lure :';ul Lr-re .'.» *iu\ A I'cni.J ^'wg on a prnie^"* of rti^lit. A pl.ni u ;u ilelivcied 

a King.— 'I lie De|UUi"i :b were .-idinitled lo in you on tlie : j-l of Fcl^rM vw f»0'r.tlng out 

•the hotv>urs t.f tfic fi'.ii p. the i-».-,is, v hu:h yi.u ccRin^cntcd upua ia 

Thi<i wa'^ fii!Ii»w .' hv a 'edi- m har.n^Mc ni.<i'<*ii:.d notes. 

fp>ni M. Li I -lie', In tMr ivnie of the Ct»m- J cuis. i nrvcr fxj>cri<nccd pnTiter plea- 

m:t:eetif if, v.l,ei..:i le ir-':ipil>'l;iiid all "fuie than in t^,:ili)uin^ to thufc \\ho were 

llie ciimc: r;'lL^-i*! ;'j;.«inlt h iiis XVI. fiorii neieliVion; ; and wli..^ 1 then did lud no re- 

Ih.e c<;mnien''emrnl 01 the Kcvi l«si 00, fer i •'? '«» an*; n'td.tateti d'fiMi. 

/'.-■:. ir. T!'-^ :<v.'i:v, of tT a^: ol .icrufa- p.- fil'.t A h'-mh r of tjtc Mobility and 

linn ainiirt the Km^ hv i'asN.noi.'X. was fwUlxry -.Nerc «hrp*"'fjv1 t!>rouq!i rhe Thuil e« 

f ll'>\vcd by a lor^g liii. udion, ulvie.u tvvry tic . to f.ivciuriiui 11 ij^'' : . n-.l you artcrm]4ed 

d-;r.'.'y Tc{lifi:d hiv t j/tixj'n t'> liU^e a kitt ov. t! o I'fth .-Vp. il to k- .ve !'aJ■i^ aiid go to 

ai tilt unfoitunate M .oa'-th. ISl vj'o.ul. 

At liMV^th the Kmjj . ppe Tcd attheb'r, iAurs. This charpe is ahf.ird. 

frcKc'i-d by tire Cominaii lt n: Clntf, '-in- [•S're the I'rei'dcnt went over all th« 

tcrrc, rr.-ortcd by the '^Ir-yoi, :s:id ihv.- M'l 1- cm -ht tin noes refpeini;g the flight to Va- 

t.p;d ClTicer<. After he ua» tc;'.te , f'c 'n- rf:"^i-, }«iul exlnh-ied a ir.rmoiarulum of the 

llriin/jit of accuf.itJon ;v.u! 'lie uucMi»j:,H- 2 7«i j '; n.irv, « ith a mai^^i lal note in the 

(ori-r ucre rc::(l hy M. Nhi-llc Ri-c s lunj'«v Jtling ] 

Vr::'-ir'!t. Louis, y^ni "n ti'C ^rth 4.f iune, 1 i,u.i. I kr.ovv notlrrs of this memorrn- 

1780, v:o!r.»ed ilie Sovereii't:ty t.f I lie people, dum; uith rof'^^t to w^wX r-iatcr to my 

by Aifpcndinj;: the pr'»ccr<l-.np,s if li.eu rci re- journey to Van U'C-, \ mulV r-frr to wi^aC 



fcntntivcs, and cxpf^lhriR ihcrn- oy htrce fnm 
tiicidnceofthfirftttin^ Ycualfocndcavo-. red, 
on t*^r 27i!, f'> di'^t/t'? I.tw^ to tl-o oa- on. 
V« n f ;i rounded llx ileputic* v-iih r/i.^ri!^, .v. d 



I f..itl t(^ tlu; Ccnvn!fhoi'eri of the National 
Ci.nveriTion .!: 'f.at prr'o<l. 

VrsfuicTt. The blood of the Citizens was 
idcdllxileputic'.viih j:^i,.^n!s,.ii d fled on th;> !«j'^ o^ Jv!y in the Ch.imp Je 
picfoii'td rvvoioyal dccl.Talions fuhvcrrive i\/.ir:, in Cfifvcjnencc cf a criminal coalition 
lo liberty; and yi.ii commanded tUc repie- bciwcen y. u .loJ J-: h fir.-.rfc, to uhicli 
icni.ui\t: lo d:r;H;irv. Miiabcau alleuted. You have cadeavcurY-d, 



I793-] PrHitHngS:^/ tbi National C$nvtnti$H §f France. 77 

b^liScU0aspnnphlcts and jottrqab, to pervert cree for tho encampment off lOyOoo men 
thejiublic upinion. to U<*pr(;ciat« aific^nais^ near Paris. 

aaJrofti]^iit ihe caiife of ch« emigiaiits. iMth. 1 ilTued all neceifary orders to tho 

Lsaii. VVh4t palled on the 19th <>f July Hinifters for puninj^ the iruops unon the 
C3cnot in a'.iy de-.-ree affcA-oie. Of tiM leil i^ar cftabliihment ; tiie ellinn.ite!i wei'^e laid 
laaieiiLiiciV igni>raiit. hctore the AtHmhly ja December. If the 

Brtfidt;^ You concealed the particulars of MiniCtus were guilty of deceptioDi tliaC 
tbeoulicion of rtUiltZy till the very nioraent ought not lu he impuced to me. 
vr!:eD they were iLn«iwn to all Europe. . PnjiJfMt. You Tent oriicers to command^ 

L'Mi, 1 cc-nimunicated this as foon as I with intent 10 dilorgarjize the army, and 
kiKw tf : Mid, moreover, <;vcry thing re- to defeii thHr regiments, and to he devoted 
kti\t to l\iu tranfadlion apphes to the Mini- to yuur brother Leopold of Auflria. 
ficn. Luti:. There is not one word of truth ia 

PnjlJert, You ha\'e encourafi;cd tlie Coun- thi> ar.icle of accuOttion. 
ter-K::voi;tuins r>f Aile*:, hy» (endin{; three PitjlUnt, It is proved, by a letter from 
Cvii CuunililWnet*^, wtio wcio employed Choileul, cli;.t yu\t h.id commiilioncd your 
iBile«ond:uj the Rchek. diplornjuc agents to promote the coalition 

Lob/t. T!jc iiiftnifl'on of ths Commifli- of foreign i>otrnt3te< j particularly to cement 
oncii will pjov? wh:»i it:ey were cIum^^cU to the pc.jcc between Turkc) acd Auftria; i'»at 
prrfoim: jiti^ 1 lir.evv of none (»f the arii- the l.ittcr might Iw enabled to fend a greater 
da when ihcy uere picfcnied to me by the number of troops againit France. 
Biiiniiler>. U>ui*. M. de Choifeuil tus a.itfpdkea tht 

VrffJ/nt, Yo'J protra^cil for the fpace of truth. Tliis Wiis never the cife. 
anH.>uj> ilic cr.forctriroit of ^he decree for Fiffidcnt. It was not nn:;l poly i«, when 
tltj K-uuion of the O^ntat \ ?.nd, liiiru'g that SOy'^o -> Fruiluns hud commenced thetr march 
ir^r.ali thi:> C'.iwnrry was waitcti by civi^ againA France," that you ;;ave the legiil.uive 
«3r, and tliC Comni:iiiui;er;» icut ihiihcr by cori>sothcial information of ihisadVofhoi^ility. 
}03 tOsded Its dell rui^titin. Louiu 1 ilid nut know it myfHf till tiiaC 

Ujit. I do not iecoiie<^ what obftacle penod. All currtfpondence piiled tlirougU 
rttoidedtiu: exception of the decree, lite the Minifters- 

Utter part of ihi» ii.terrogatory relates to the ' Pu/uL-u.\ You confided tlie charge of tha 

perfiin^ fent, and thofe who feni them. >Var- Department to d' Abancourt, Calonn*;*s 

P*rf:Jatt. Yi-u did not cxeit yourfelf to nephew; and fo fuccc f ful was your cmifpi- 

cruih the germs of Counter-Kevoliuiou at racy, tliat Loiigw'i and VerJun were furren- 

Kimes, Mi'ntauban, MeRdes, &c. till the d«reil upon the f:rll approach of tlie enemy. 

co.\^piracy of S.ill.int br.'ke out. Lou'n. I ('id nst know that d Ab<inc)urc 

L'Mii- 1 ithied all the orders which ihe Ml- was M.dc Calonne*s nephew. Ic w:is not 

Aiflerd adviird. 1 th:it d:l'm incled theic idac.-s, nor have I 

Ft'/tJi-ut. You kept in p-iy your former any know UrilgctJiat they w re difmamlcd. 
^jK^f; *jr .TO'/'t :'t Coblfiiiz, an<l tranfmitted P.ffJinr. You have deJlroyifd our Marine 
Tcveral Turns of m(;ney to J^ouille, Choifcui, b/ ta/ourm^ tlie eaii;^ii;tioii of its uificeis, 
Kc^upic, I'flij^fiic, ai.d titiicr?.- whtntlij i-c,;ill.iriveC'n p iip.wed toyou, o« 

L u-i AfivHiivi knew th.kt my garja the Sih of Much, thit FciiianJ jr.iai.icd 
Jti^ ■' . .t'.!ciikbi»d on the i^iher fide the Kh.ne, pail'poi t*: every d^y. Von ivpl.cd, ttul you 
1 fi«y{x.: ilicir |^>y. Cf iln rci\, 1 have no wc^t very well fatisficd with liis fervices. 
recoil ^ction. /yju'x. I did all I could to retain the 

pr(f:J^.:t. Ycur brothcn, enemies of the oi)ii.<.i>. As for Bertrund, fince the Nati- 
coiiUiry, ra. lied tie Lni<g:anLs laiied r^gi- oivil Auembly did not exliibit any fpecihc 
fncn!5. ner/>'iLted I'on', ;iiiii fcrmcd u'.li uices, ua.uf.vjr.n a'.«u)(l Uim, I dul dol think ii w;ui 
in }o<:r n. ;i>e ; whu.h yon did not diiavow m'. dnty t(» fnperfcdc him. 
nil the m«.'nient when you coulil not marr Projhlfnt. You iuve Ciicourajjed Def{K)tic 
tbeir projects. AU thei'e circumdaiiCLS are Gitve-nnicnt in tlie Colonit:», where your 
proved ty a note in their own liaml- agcntu liavo univcrl'ally f.>mL'i;ic:l the Coun- 
wr-t-n^;. icr-Kcw.liHion theie, crtciled' at the very 

/^.-//f. I difavowcd all the tr.uifaAioiis of time \%hcn it wa^ cu the point of being ac- 
iry br(itl'kei<, follows "g 1 1 ^e hoc cIu-K.ed out coiApUiU;:d in Frmcc. 
hy the CcxitVitutun a- footi ab it wa^ defined Ix^t'.i. If there were any of mj agents in 
to mv. \ knov^ niiiiung ot the n-jie. the Ci'lonic , t:)ey h.ive not fj)oken ttic truth* 

PttfiMMt. Tiu army of itie line, which X krow UM'.tiin^of the buim*:!^. 
ouj:.hi ti» ha vr iH'^n luifed to the \>:ir elta- Prr^'i^nt You have avowe»l yourfelf the 
W {hmeiit. contr.rd oidy of 10 ,or.o mtMi at I'rotectt)! cf Fanatic wlio diftorhed the in- 
tfie clofc id Drce-i.ber •791 Vou in c;>;iMcd tei ur of rt< : State, th:it you niiglit recover 
to provide tui tlie external f.ifciy f tlie coun- your toi mtrv puwrr. 
try. YiXir a'gtnr. N-h". >.iik', dcm::nJed a L^'r,. 1 knt-w nothing about this plot. 
kvy of 50/ o^ m -n ; b.^t De did not recruit PujiJfi:. Vou I'urpe. id ed the execution o£ 
beyond -o,os.c, «-e...iii.^ th.it every tlimg the !/t'uee of the a^tit, rtdotive to tike Fac- 
was read/. Youir^fofed t« iaadtioa a de« ti^us Prieih. 



7« 



1 • . ■» 

Pnctedings of the National Convintlort of Fr^nie. f Jakil 



tmh. Th({ C(>n(!itution left me the free 
iaiictioii of Uie decrees. 

Prtjiicnf, You wrote a Lctior, exprtirivfs 
f)f larictiun, to jour gDartl aflcr ir vva^ dif- 
banded, and C(Hi:iniied to keen it in ]>:iy. 

Louin. i cn'y did thi% till it JliouKl bo nt w- 
iu*m'*IV*I, as tnc decree imrorteJ. 

Fffjuifnt You retained the Swif. Ginrds, 
cotiU*;iiv to the Coniliiution, and nt a rime 
uhL-n they wer« ordered to depart Iv the 
Lcgiflative AfTcmMy. 

Louii. 1 execuicd every decree relative to 
this fuhi«'<5l. 

PreJiMnt. You h^ve cniJoyed in Paris 
|iaiticid.a i^rfctos, to wmd up tf^e fprin?,'. ol" 
a C<»un:cr-i\ev..liiv".oM; ami given them pcn- 
ftcn*; out o< Liie C»vil Lui 

L'Mii J kne%v' iii»tliing of thc*r plot:, nnd 
I never cmjceived the idea of a Counter^ Ilu- 
voh.tioa. 

r. tjid- nt. You endeavoure<l hy coniu'craMe 
fums t" Iciluce many »f the Members of ihc 
Conftitu^nt atid Lcgiflaiivf Aficmhhes. 

Limii. iViany pcifous prefenttd fimilar Tub- 
jedis, *>nt I reie^cd them :dl. 

Prfji.irfif. You m.Kle no exertion to de- 
mand <a".kfadlii«ii fcr tl e injuiies furtained 
by Fr nee ftom diitcieiit Countries of 
liurope. 

Lwis. The Diplomatic Correfpondence 
will prove the contraiy. The reft cwncetns 
tne NlMiifter. 

Ptr/j.^^Kf. You reviewed the Sv,\U on tl c 
jolh ot An^xift at five in the morning, aud 
the Swifs- fired fnH upon tlw: Citizens. 

7>5.'//'. I revi'iwcd all the troops who were 
CnUeetei' ne.r hir ; I evt it i c<iiicfted a deputy 
from ilie Convention t«> come ihill.cr, ai»d 
;«fi«»rwai«jb I rcijitd nilo its hoUim with my 
f^imily. 

Vrtfident. Why did you colleA thefe troops 
liom'theC.iftle? 

Lauii. All the cooftirutrd authorities u ere 
apprjzeil o< it. The C.l^le v. as n.enrccd, 
an«l I, :ui one of the ct;nlti:u*ed autlu.nties, 
conceived it my duty to defend ir.yi'jlf. 

VnfiMnt, Why did yruftr.d •> r the M.^yor 
of l'iiri> i«» ilie Pabce in the night between 
the fith ;»nd loih of Auguftr 

Lcuix. 0\\ account of the rumours which 
wen< cwnilaed, 

Pu/tiU/ii. Yi.u liave fpUt the blood of the 
French. 

Lr-ru No, Sir, it wa< not I. 

Pi.^/Jifff.t. Yi'U h.ive auihorifcd Scpteuil to 
trade l:iitiwly ai riamhurgh in ^rain, fugar, 
and c«ttec. 

Lot/.'s. 1 do not nnderft^nd what you fay. 

ptrj\'7ent. Wliy did you put the Veto npixi 
the Decree for cftabl'lhing a camp of zc,vco 
nien? 

Ijmis. The conftitutirn gave mc the un- 
cootrouled cxcici'e of thi" power; and, even 
at this very period, 1 propofed a Camp at 
SoilTons. 

Afterthefcinterrogator.es, the Aflfcmbly 

pi'cfented to X^ius the original writkigs «a 

7 



which the prnccfs was prmundjd ; the prin- 
cip.ii pa! t (»f wliich he d^fa* owed, as n-it 
Uiving .-ny knowledge of ilium, icfcrviuj 
otiiei.'i whic'i wore fome lilt'.c :jpiv;iru!JCe «»f 
puihei«'icit» for fani.er cxplaiutum ; and h^ 
n jecied oll?rs ns anteriorto his acceptance 
of the Conft ruuon. 

Aficncrtdi'ip 'hcfe particulars, I.ouis with- 
drew into t«ie Hall of CtS'itercnce. After- 
vioh'it dehat<*s, wherein thi Ler,ifl?.ror», to 
\\{^ tli« Pr« fi''mr*' expretfiun, a,'>pe:i?*edmcrc 
hkc /»///(«>!.*«■ J than legiflators, the Cnnven- 
t\r.n decreed, '* lh.it Loujs Ihonld he per- 
mitiv.«l to chnfe a Connfel for h's dcfer.ce." 

Hef<4e Liuis appeare^l at the bar, tlie 
Convention ilecrecd, that the wives 2nd 
<1 up;hlcis oftl.c Fieicij cmi^^r. nl«i wl.o left 
Fr.ince flw-uld Kiifcr the f.ioie peiuUies as 
thiiir Lthers at'd hMibnn>is. 

f Tc /V '•fintitrwtl.j 

FOUFIGN Int LLLIOSNCK. 

Pa//i. y.;«. zr. " The National Convcn- 
tioM, a^ter fittiiig near 314 hours, has j«ft 
voted, tha: thi; p..nifliment «>f death IhaU bd 
intticteil on hrs M»'ft Ch. iunn Majefty. 

" J'his ju»lgt:niciit was carried hv a m jo- 
•.iry of rar!.cr uKue th:iii roo. Fifty of tiiis 
nui^ber, tluugh they vo'cd for death, i!if- 
fercd in opini:;n from tlie reft, in refp«^ id 
Ih*^ time when it ftiould be inflicted; fume 
tiiJnking it Ihould not he pat in extcotion tiU 
the rnd of the war; and others pn>pofii>g 
x\\\Ki it Ihould be pollponed till the fcnfe c^ 
the people Ihould be taken. Petiou, and 
many of the leading meaibers, voted for 
de^th with f.hel'e rcltriftions. 

**' AmazeiTent ar.d tenor appear unirer^ 
faily to prevail; and the confufii 11 of ihofe 
wli«» .lie known to he attiwhed to the R0y.1l 
Piifr.ner can more e.Tlily be in'..nr;incd than 
deiViih*"!. So g re tt was the gon-.ral tenor 
during this long (I'ting of the Convention, 
iJiat many •,>f 1I12 mcmlKri?, who went.tot^je 
HjU on Tiviioay niorniog with a pofitive re- 
fi-Iuiinn of favlii* iht Kinj if poflihle, fouml 
thcmfclves c<m)|ijllcil, hy ti»e moft tirgenC 
motives of |>ciioual iafety, to vote againft 
him. 

** There undoubtedly was great reafon f«>r 
this ap|n*chenfu.n; for a nioft formidable 
mob was colledtud, which opeidy threatened 
by name r^any of the njem;>ori>, to mvuder 
them on Uic (pot, if ihey did not vote for the 
dea'h of the King. 

" I caiiRfK cxprefs the horrnr which was 
painted in the Conntenance of every indivi- 
dual in the National Convention, w!icn l\j9 
I like of Orleans gave his vote for the death 
of his King and Relatttin. 

** Ti»c King is perfe<5^ly reconciled to his 
Fate. The fituatiiNi of her Majcfty, Madame 
Khz;.l)eth, and the Princefs Koyalj is me- 
lancholy indeed!" 

PUand. The General Confetleratron of 
Grodni* has iffued orders to arreft, pnd bring 
to puuiflkRteut,. all agitator? \ and vSia to pre- 



>y9J 1 -'"'^"''^ Intilligenci from varloHi Parts of the Continent. 79 

venttheAiTemhliagof dubs for Che difculTion found fahrcs, p()i';narc!c,.and every fpecies 

pfpijitiw. ' of'd»:(lru^t;w iuiliiniCiirc, many of which, 

Tl:e Viartd'.ils of the t«o United G"niTal licint; ni.ule iii a finj^ular minti^r, tcnified 

Cffi/v vi.itl n< hrtve wiicien a. letVi" to the the fpj-^^.irjirs. The otfiC^r.< of ll»e pi>)ic« 

•Xiw. (J . (I'anil, ftaiin/, i.Tnuihry pro- imai'diacely put the Captuia ,of the vefTcl 

po[i- ri) ^limiuiih Lh« numb'-*' of troops \>\ tie info irons, as well as the moi chant to whom 

Cpl'al. 1. To ic aih t.i;; ni^'mcrxi of Li- tliis l\range c.trgo was addrutled ; and the y 

l!u ". aM F v.i G'lau^, and "^e leTinriet't of fe zcd the whole. Sqmc days pri«>r toihi*, 

J.;C. TV I..: 'vrt;ie».<»mnv'»ni!"f M. P^i;ilviiil:i. a Fr<-nch !i .i» -drrlfcr Iwd been i^opp^, wlio 

/.:iu, 7 7.- . r'Hnilh f' 'i f;<ir.ih»ro»" M r ijy wa-^ h.Avkinj; .tivmt, as a p<illir, papers of 

(^urtti- 'J t .■ n-»'jik'o :rh -Ki t>f ■»■ ■:.»•%'. an .nc-Mili.tis ii..ti!re Thefe letters menti(Mi 

Tic ci r.c.li-'. n of ihiS Kei.c; i> as air-i, tli.»t luo <;t'«er hair drclfns from th« 

/.r.ms: (a-nff "ilacc: WMtr t.ken up at MaJiid fur a 

'• V jf V?i *.lv Tivi'l :••::. n. v.!ed?e, Ur.t {mi sii' o^'c u-i- afiw davshcjore 
I'r .' 'cifHr. \v^.lt iiy n'.iii"- 1 t"' («»ir r.;ar''.'na- There Lj\«t been twi» leveie fliirms at 

f.: 1 |j ■ • » i:r'i r!!c Kv'vol'.T.on i»f tl.r; ,i! of Jf-tv.hu.yh, \\\ rhe firft the fliippiug luf- 
K.'V. »l., .'.ci: all the h fc- \.lii(.Ii i-ivtJ tor t ii.ieil ih-.' pnncipal ilama:;e; but, in il»s Ira- 
II . !■ ,).»i>ti f. (lie kf;viM- ', .i:i«.! ».f its C '.mI tcr, all 'he P'.^'p'esof ihec! urcfie*;, and usher 
.iiul ".ii;f a" I.iHei :v, mv.';; y\c\ .i ! *,! to biiil. inj;v, wt-uMiJorc or Icl.'- ihmogcd. TI>o 
I;t|»;:Sl.i . i:i'.!..M t'lc yoke of M- ;).:ri.I» c.il flrttc W'-ic nrjirly h'led u ith luinsj and if 
rsi'/'otir.. K i^ in ••f)niL«ii»-n:«*uft!i=' prui- w.ts u :th ditliruitv that t'-e corn-magazine 
c;|t!r. f? 1'.,; Tiencral Co if-.iler.ilip:i of th.c was pieltwed. The damage is faid to k*e 
Iv.d y .1 . Ti v « -iiv .'(•- d. :^.ii not only ^our incrtu.b'.f. 
y.A\ '>. \. :i n J rive aiA c ^olKum to thtrfe n ■ 

mt;^!" r- . t*c:i'.eJ by prulii-.c; but t'^at *\VF5T«lNni a Intf lliofscip. 

y.ji- T.)'.;r:V.f, iMirn a nol.lc l*i>lc ind a free- Dep-i:!<:<^ fioni thein.uul:« of MirtiiiiM) and 
w n, all \^ '-yiing fox no hmp but the h..ppi- GuadaUmpe liavc l.jtcly ariived in Lofidon, 
n- f« o' \ i'.y Tiv, which is comncon to v-ai w.-io f »licit the protection of onr govcfrnmeiit 
wir'n '^ e .cit of ilie C'.iztus, will i.wL f pare to ihel'e two ill.uiils frotn ttte* pUi dtrci-s 
eit'ivf pi^iis or tffoit- to reoder iJie Co- whom the trerjch Republic iis difpof^^d to 
Vi-rrnunrtf 'Ivs Ke; uhhc, wliich you aie fend '.h."re, in order to place th<? inh ihitants 
con.ic«iU-*l \\'v.\\ hy Ui n'..iny l:c;, :.l t)iice or » the tame foo'.ing with St. Doiitmgo. Ic 
nHi.'e:ate, fre»». and dnr.iHic. Su-h, in r.tcl, is well known that Mar. inico aiui Guada- 
is rhe ooly aTihition whicii i^ permitted ro a loupe have driven away the lao.>bio Rocham- 
Kt.^. who K ir-.'ot n(>t to co.Midt'r himfe'f as be .u aiul hi< ^oo3 mm, who Were dcftined 
Ihf 'T,: Vr, but »•; tlic' Chief, of tht: St.vie tiJ reduce them to the fame Itite of anarchy 
C«>..r:v .«i r Vi^ caie. with tli<.- r«:tl of tiM: Ffcnc; iV-tilcnients. 

<;.'- ••• ' 6'''. r'»~5, jV.:-. ?9, I7{;2." Cap'' Fi.in.ri 'I'hi'. i.l-'ateii ifl.md •« in a 

'lit f-'P-'.t IS ill :r<ir^ '.'.ly u'tivf; p'-c- mcl.iiicii««ty iruat«io — murders and malfa- 
p1r.1i. ■ ' t» i- .1 ■'••. Io'.Ils ur ih'^ ' .1^ L.im- rres a'c w '.h .u'. n j:uber; ifie canes, on one 
t.i-. H'- « •.".''; I ■",T»?o rk;i. i iie piao'a' on oi -.rcri.cr, are u*.t on Are eery 

nu:.c!'- 01 .-i j':' .u '.v;'< h..J .-.ii-.i .c ::' o.'v<* u h b .ir M.;; k , Uj.h u'Iii» n are joined 
tic :> .»rc!i «' !i •' r^^-, lias i a'c' I'Tii g' • t lunbeis ot the M,il.ato<-s, between 
o-Jcr T I' • ' •'■-'■ ' '••■i-* Gc;:'.ia"i-. r.i'.n lo uh.im i-i i i>.c \Vh tcs, jo'n"d alfo by lh« 
h-j\C a;jr''e'' t f ' A\ V ■. \ t.i. e «.-..i.:in- M.j1.'.V«hs a.:d Biatks, are cout n- ^d (kir- 
g-T^f y. TI i. vi ';.; .e i-t H: ".Iw v. aiie' .b to mnhe-> : nd hatilcs. Ihc prifoner^ taken are 
cx.mm.:i -i' ;.c!<"v:rr- ...p,. p.jt to t'^.e njoft un!icari1-of cruel tortures : 

T'^e K*o? o Vr~J:'..i '•'i m.'. '•.. fome lari^e or.c f.iv-.>UMtc revi:n^»! ilicy pr.«<Jliie is, tlw 
jratU'Ve*- M m t ■ tl c 11- .ll.n tuA^p^. inr pf. lii gor Icrewiuij the uiifortunaie perion 

|i',t bra.*: i.or.Jucl a: \ vy .njit. "I «> f 'rne lo ruken be'wfen twolioards, and then f.iw- 
of tb'ir OsBcer he f.a b.';.iovicd honouiahle in.-^ tncm into fmail pieces, beginiung cither 
inaik'- of h;s"^| ,)»v>b -iuii. at the h:ad or f::cl, as cruelty or chance dic- 

The Dutch . re cxtrcm- ly bufy in pbci.ig t.itrs. The week bt fore he le»t tfie ifland, 
their mari;ie < i'. tiiC nmlt rerpe^ab m rixiling. t:".^: c vv .i'. a flghJ, in the town of Caj>e Fran- 
$e.er. I Ir '- »'f ha:ilc fii .■ am! fngites have <^ > f, be A'.ficn the Ariftocratic and the De- 
pwC:i ' tc'.y put in comn..ihon. miKr.it'.c parties, wherein iix of the princi- 

i-L.'l.-.-t Dcj. I 5. The I-re »ch J icobins had p A mcrch.mis were facnficcd; one of whom, 
atrc'-: red :•» i:;:JOi'uLo we.i[K«n: cjf ;i:i"iiV:na- Vupiwied the richeil tntM-e, aod a warm 
tioii : :o Sj. .n. A v.il. 1 fr.»m Fi.ai.e ;u*- frietidofthe old torm of g »vernment, was 
r:vo-J •Iier; , Iv'rn u :th a ^re.U luinioer of nianglcd and cut into fm.tll pieces, which 
cho^'i, wluchlhe C:apt.-.n ..i ci.tivd we:e full they ftuck on llic jxjint of tlieir fwords, or 
of fc.tiici :o '>c uicd :w the wti.Als One of fixed in their h its, and, fo decorated, para- 
rliefe chcfti having il pt fr»uii fome of tlie d d the town in triumph. Want of order 
people, wIjO were j:iI.'aJiiig thciti, broke and tuh.Mdif.ation reigned alfo 01 -hoard tlie 
hv its fall, and a qiiuititv of fword-blades men of war in the harbour, the crew having 
fell oji. Ttiii d.fcovei y I&l them tu oi^en command, and llM oilkers bein^^ fukijedt to 
tlie ocUcrSi wherei ioltcad of fcytbes; tiiey their caprice. 

Mat- 



? 



8o, IntetttgineifromAmtricfLy Sierra-Leone, tfni Ireland* [Jafi. 

^fart/ru'juf. The Governor who prefules as the Aomach will bear, immediatel/ aPer 
0ver tlie atfdrs of Che colony, with ihe gc- the f.iA paroxyfm, it clianges it into an in« 



neral approbation ot its inh;ihiui:t:-, undcr- 
ilaiiJin^ there were i>;oo troops, ami ilircc 
fCoiTimillk>iiei*5, c!cputcJ by the National Af- 
femhly, on their A'ay from QIU P'r !iice, dif- 
patched a frigate from the roaJ of St. Pierre, 
to meet the flee:, and acquaint ttte coin- 
maiuling officer, tUat the inh^hitHnis of the 
iil.in<l beinfi^ at length, after a Itraggle of iivo 
years, ina ftateof perfc*^ fecurity, ami ha- 



tcmiitic-iit fever, which n;:iy be then cared 
with ;ir mnch ccrtaii.tv as the common a^ne 
in Fniiliiiiil. The D»T^lor r.l'.rihntwf nuift of 
the m'irrahtv rothofe caufeswliich im'Q com* 
mon to all new colonics, and (nys, tlmC the 
cliiiMte, ;><^ fuV as he can jodge from his (hozt 
evp rience, is very ^ood. Of he noo 
free Vd.icks cmharkyd at Hahf.'X in Janu- 
ary, 1791, the foUoninv is' a re: J! 11 of the 



ving forgotten all i^litical animoftties, were dciihs up t(^ tiic 2d of S^(>re:nrcr, X7f>£> 



^ettrmine^l that no intrufion from France, in 
herprefcnt fituAtion, flicvild fu)>Jt'(t them to 
a renevval c f f(M mer difordcrs ; thai, when 
Fraice ihrndd he capable of governing her- 
iTelf, it would be time to acknimledge her 
fiipi^mrcy j and t!)?t at prefent not one 
would be fiiflbrcd to land. In coiife(|uence 
o' this raiflion, w hich wn5 aduall/ executed, 
|:ic Ihip lleered for Hifpaiiiola, and the 
J 800 troops arc now in C.npe Nichola Mole. 

America. 



which in the men a'-d women hrive teen 
princi|>jill>' old and ii^firm, a::d many of 
thofc: ^^\to died on fhore were landed in a 
difiMfed ftate. On thrir p.uTa^.e 35 rotn, 
18 uotuen, 7 bo^", and 5 j.iils: totil, 6c. 
Since thc«r arrival, 28 men, i3 woir.fMB 
21 lx>)s, and it girls: total, 99. Gcuei*^ 
U>tal, 164. 

Ikr.LAVD. 

Carn'rlmArfjft, /.Vf. 31. f.aft Sunday, 1 
numeixius and armed mob, calLd Defenders^ 



PiitJ^urjrbf Vitpnia, Wc are informed p-naded throug'i thi". to-An, and hence pro« 

that the Cornplauicr, N«w Arhiw, and fixiy cecilcd on the ro..d towards Ardec. Ncr- 

of tie Chiefs and wairioiT of llic Seneca oa- ir;ui Steele, EA). a m:4r;i(liate, havir.g been 

Cion, have fit out fi>r ih«* Miami Town, to ai>|>riftJ of ih<:n- meeting, :ind intention to 

Cftnnfcl with the hnliile Indian^, and to exert commit depreilations, fct off with a party of 

tiitiir influence to h\ ing about a pe«)ce be- the army aci'ofs the country to meet tlisro. 



(wceo them and tite United States. 

flTTLFMF-NT OP S I KRR A-L EOMV. 

On Saturday Inil .".d vices werx: icrcivetl at 
the Sieira- Leone lurafe, from t!iat fett'.e- 
ipent. da'cil Oi^t. 2C, Rivinjj a-favourahleiiC- 
cminl of the farther pnjgrtfj* of the cdcny. 
An ;^mic;d>le niectinj;, or palaver, h-.d h"-."! 
beldvMih the Chiefs on t':t^ fu-'j- d of tl)€ 
diHribution of tl.c hits of U'ui, of which a 
rtguiar furvcv v\ash:gi:n. '1 In.* iain> h;*.d 
ceafeti, ai'd the he-':!) of the Nova-Svio'ia 
KUcks was nuich impioved. It appears alfo 
by tliC return<i, thnt i le riirtdity arr.on^ 
them liad ncH becV. (o'vtiy r»'cat ms wa ap- 
preliended, only 9S American Bhrks l.a- 
Ying di«d, ftori l-.etnu* 'f J cir ItHvling ?o 
IIk 20th of Ootohcr: ll»c iiunih.r of them 
remaining .ilivn was 1 c : 6. Somcw' .aL more 
than 60 White*! ap|x ar in all to hn\c diod, 
the chief of whom wr^c of tl'c Inwcr ordtfr 
living on (hoi e. T lie Company's A ccount- 
aot, who re'uini'd on account of his health, 
died on his :irriv;;l in Fisi^'aod. 

Inform.iti, n ha-^ bteti letcived, by rlie 
Harpy, of »le C<.louy*s progrtfs up to the 
lot h of N ov tn : b'j r. 

Ti-e Com naiy'; hrirr Catli.:ri-ie, of 140 
tons, which wa>iiifnntcl<cd horfiewilh fome 
of tlie adventi.reiv t-i B:d;im, snd hi ought the 
difpatduT'sof tic sita of Odltibtr, haj bctii 
loft otf Biuetoid ui a i\orm, and one boy 
perifhed. 

From the rcprit of the phyfician, it ap- 
pears, that the dife.ife which iroi;hU'd the 



On comirif» up with them, he humanely en- 
deavoai (hi to peifuAde t!>em to difprrfe 
<iuirt'y, bi:t to no pmi ofc, L»r in a fliort 
timu ihey furnmndcd Mr.bteeic and his party 
and htcd on them. 

Mr. S't^l', in hi« own defence, and Co 
five the lives of thoie wi^h him, was ob- 
li. ■-•rl to r«.-:id '.\\K R.'» t A<.\\ tui'::.g which 
time ;> gioat i:um!*<-r t)f fliots wtrj tired oa 
the M-*|^/*««M.' i ?^ J ill-: f )!Jlcrv. 

At lev^'h I'C V. .'s omp'^llid to di-cfl 
fh<" arnv t'.i fit e, T!.' fovrr.d o^ t . :f- unfot'^ 
tun;ite n c;; xvf-K" l-.'r.d ;if'.d w. nt I'al. 

JmmeJ'atdy .»t-i, a party of the liglit 
hoife :iri \vd fnmi M.na.^'on, a'^l lidppilyi 
for the p' L'icn', re^'oieci tran.judhty. 

'7:.v;./..v, Jir ic, 171^3. 'fh'^ iVay his 

rxclitiicy T' '-i L"rd Lien'Lnan* wrnt 'iiiljlo 

to Mif I'o'.^c o* Vi « r, J. :' o ^neil lii« S-jtlitjn 

With the folh»w:ni; '^'pcccn t;om ilic 'i'hrone; 

** My Lorils, and Ge:nle;TCti, 

** 1 h;ue his M;;;t'ft»'^ ommards to meet 
yen in Parliament, rnd 'o cxpr^f* his fati»v 
f;:v.Ji<5n i ' rL*fritinr: to your co.inf<.Is in the 
p:efcnt Titration of '•tKiir^.. 

"His Vajerty fiels the titnioft amcero 
th;it \arious atiempls fhould have been oiade 
toexc.teafpintof Jirconr»"-»: and d'l^mba'ice; 
r.r.d rli-r npptnnMKc.'^ 'iMiuid h^ivc n'aM'feftcd 
tl;?mft.lvts, m :!n> part <^f this ki»*g om, of 
a cicfii^n to cft''Cl hy violence an altciAtion In 
ti:e ('on dilution. 

" It is an :td'.!it!nna^ ?fround of uneafincfc 
to his M.ijefty, lh.it vivw? of conquefl r.nd 
don'.iii'on fliould have incited Fr.ince to in- 



feitlers moft was a rc-mittant fever, and that" terfere with tlie Goven^ment of other coun- 
by adminiilering baik, at as ttxut iniervais tries, audto aJopt meafures with i-egard to 

his 



'793'J Jni^rsftimg lHiiUtge9ice/r§m Ireland tfW Scotland. 8i 

Ik Uajefty's Allies, th« States-GenenJy nei* this fiibje^l he relies od the wildom and Ji- 
tter confaraiaUe to the law of Noiuins^nor bcrahty of his Parliament, 
therafitivi; fti]iulatio< s of cxifting Treaties; *' I am ttiUy fendble of the repeated tef- 
cffMcially wheu h«h his Majefty anU the ti monies uhich I have received of yonr 
Swe5-0«neral hnd ohferved tlie ftri^d a]>probation ; and i will endeavour to merit 
DCLtnitfy with r^ganl to die af&irs of a cor.ciniunce of your good o])iiiion, by ftre* 
fruce. nuoufly eiei ting the |K>wer with which J am 
" Under thefe circnmftancesy I have or- entruited, for the maintenance of our txcel* 
jeralt hy his Vajefty's commands, an aug km Cnnltitntion in Church and Suie, as the 
RNntatioQ of tlie Cunxs upon this eftablilh- be A fecurity for the liberty of the iul^e^ 
BWK. and profj)enty of Ireland." 

''By the advice of the Priry •Council, Dublin, Jan. i. The accoonts from tha 

Bejfiutshave been taken to prevent the ex- county of Luuth, with refpe^ to the pro* 

^vttfjoanf corn, provifioas, and naval dorrs, ceedings of a banditti, calling themfelvei 

mnsaod ammunition. 7 he circumltances Defenders, grow daily naoieaLrming; near 

wfcich rendered thefe nieafures necelfary forty tiotife.s have been attacked belonging !• 

viU^ I tnift, juftify any temporary infringe* Proteftaiits, for the purpofe of plundering 

nent of the laws, and will induce you Do Uiem of their arms, and mod of tlte attacks 

pt dicm a parliamentary fan^tion. have been fucccfsful. Among thofe whofe 

" It will afiurd his Majefty the greateft houles were attacked was Mr. Owen's of 

bfibbAion, if by a temperate and firm con- Roxhorough, Mr. Henry Brabazon, Mr. J. 

ilud the bkliings of peace can be continued ; T. Foder, of Stooe>hou(e, Mr. Blacker^ 

bot he feei:> aflured of jrour zealous concur- Mr. H anion, Mr. M'Chntock, &c. At tbe 

Race h his determination to provide for the latter place they met with refi dance, and 

fccurity and intereds of his dominions, and were beaten off. This banditti were liiiked 

10 fiilfil thofe pofitive engagements to which togeiher by an. oath of fecrecy, and they have 

be is equally honnd by the honour of his their regular leaders and captains; they train 

Ctdmo, and the generals interefli of ihe £m- tliemfelves by night in the praAice of fire- 

piie. arms, or execute plans of robbery. Lad 

** Gentlemen of the Roufe of Commons, week thefe daring iofui^ents are laid to hava 

** I have ordered tlie national accounts to met in Dunieer m very great numlwn, per- 

k laid before you ; and I lave no doubt of ha|)S from 1500 to zooo, fome armed with 

juir rcadineis to grant fuch fupplies fur tlie guns, fome with pitclilorks; but it does not 

poblic fervice, as the honour and fecurity of appear they had any fettkd obje^ The 

2us Majedy*s Crown and Govemmei.t, and army were immediately diffiatdied from 

Cbe exigencies of the times^ may require. Dundalk, and on their ipproacli the mob 

*< My LcHTds, and Gentlemen, difperfed. On Saturday morning about thirty 

^ The agriculture, tl)e manufaAures,^and of thefe men were, about the liour of fix, 

particularly the linen maoufaduie, the Pro- fighting in the flrcets at Cadle-bellingham 

(eftant Charter- fclKwls, and otiier public in- when the Mail Coach arrived there from 

/biuxions, which have fo repeatedly been the DrogheJa, and the Mail Guard, having left 

ebje^ of your care, will, I doubt not, engage the pod bag at the Pod-of!ice, was returning 

your accudomed regard and libe^lity. to the iun, when be was violently attacked s 

*' 1 am to recommend to you, in his Ma- but having his pidols in his belt, he immo- 

jcily*s name, to adopt fuch meafures as may dbtcly fired one of them at the mob, and 

be mod advitahle for the maintenance of in- efieAed his retreat to the inn ; however the 

temal tranquUlity, and for tliis ptn pofe to door was foon forced, and overpowered by 

render more effiMitu.il the bw for etf ablifhing nMrrben, \\t was robbed of his piilols and 

a militia in this kingdom. cut aad oclkerwife abufeil, infomuch that hil 

** His Majefty lias the fulled confidence life is tiefpaired of; however it does not a|>- 

that you will, on all occafions^ fhew your pear ifiat there was the fmaUed intention oa 

firm determination to enforce due obedience the part of the rioters to ettackthe Mail, al 

to die laws, and to maintain the autliority of fi>me of tliem told the palfengers in the ciiach 

Government, inwliich you may depend upon tliat they took the Guard to be a military 

his Majedy's cordial co 0|>c atimi and fup- man^fiom his drefs. 

port : and I liave it in particubr command ■■ 

from hif Majedy to reoNiunend it to you, Scotland. 

to apply yoiufelves to the confuleratidn of Iq the courfe of the .lutumn 1792, Tho* 

fuch meafures as may be mod likely c» mas and fohn Carruthers and Robert Beat- 

drengjihen and cement a general union of tic, tackfmen nf a free-done quarry belong- 

fieotiineiit among all dalTes and defcnptioos ing to the Vifconut of Stormoni, lying at the 

of hi« MaJ«dy's fuhje^i^s, in fupport of the foot of the wnrcrof Kirile, m their progrefs 

eflablabed Condiiution. With tins view his of working tlie fnme, d^lcovered a mafs 

Majedy triid<> iliat the fituation of his Ma- of tar, incrulled on all fules with the rock. 

itfty's Cjthulic fubjeAs will engage your Tiie hollow in which it was found wihiU 

feriuus attention ; and in the coufUeiotiuU' oC have held about a gallon and a half Scotch mra- 

peMT. Mac. Jaiuiatjf 1793* furv^ 



81 l^ewsftom ScotLinJ, iht Ports^ and Country Tcii^ns* [Jan. 



futc; anJ the qurmt.iy of tr.r fovnd \v?.« 
about an iZn^luh pnu ;.nd a lialf. When rhe 
tar fi) fomid w-.'-tiied, it hu".it in nre like 
conK.ion lar cxfr'^.-.i fmm f*:, \-:i i'.ad n-'t 
the fsTitt rmcll; .' » ..s foft, ana b-c.-.me tlmd 
in their nrc. 

Th': Piclc ill w^'iich it was fviui:d i< a 
trhite f:"ffe Hone of a ?:ood quditv..— ThM-e 
was no fi '«• 'y'\vX in tl.e r;':k in wliiwli i.iS 
t«ir was iwUi'iU nc.^rti tlj.i'i tniee fccr. 

Th ^ « M.n. ins are of o;4vninn it ha? pro- 
cee ! vl ir..p.i n fpi i rc in the Vonh-v%cft: fide 
of ■»»»- q'.i.iriy, Th.s fpiini; leav**? a Mic'.^ 
fli'ny uiVlVt ce like t »i' j and :h'» f.;bf^a'.c-:, 



harli)iir. ller colours were not then hoift- 
a.I ; ihe B.ittery nn the Har-hoard fu»c fired 
a Ih'.r, ui.ict pafTcd over her. The C-iild- 
e: s rl en l;.);i^cd :hc Sriti/a coUuirs ; an J the 
Fort hii: ..i t'le N.tiotal Co'.uurii;, with a red 
pend.mt yi\\:v i\\t enfign, wh.Ji u\is anfwcr- 
ed 1)-^ tiie other iwu Foils. The Childers 
1%-?.: \\.c\ driven by l \e tide of Aiiod within 
h:Uf a ni :e of the Ports -, and Cape 
Bjrlow V ;i . ohi g-rd. it heln? calm, to bavo 
h<.r O.I'* o.;:. to ko:]) her fium dLi\ing too 
far Vl : '.mnjdiaie!y a L-Dfs heavy fir*: began 
hy fij ul f:or.5 the battc;*-. Foftunateiy t 
hiefri.e (>t '.vi.id fp'ang up, r.ad the Ch:!dcn 



they imar;ii.c, (;;vi::r- 'nrou. n tli<3 p.i.-? of xn'«de fail. SIk: hciuj a fmall objeft, onlj 

cl er:xk, .MS pre. luwC.l '. .c maf:».iwo.-e men- ooe (I'.ot hit her, u'hic>i pruvideiitialJ^ 

lir<rii*'i fVntck one nfiier guns, and fplti it in three 

7"; /.'/."'■ w ^.6. An cn»i.»ent r.'icr.-.*'. .^U;ct in pieces, without injuring a noin. The piecei 

this town •«:ivjiin iii,<...Cv. 1. 1^ It^i.i ;^ '-.m- were rollcded and flnngj and Clio ttioc 

picrv^. n'.wuifnc;ur.-d from bhc-.'.land Aia'!, u . ightrd 48 pounds. T1i« Chiklen arrifcd 

the "»v f r \\\i: ''cr '.':.jc;ty tI:o Quf n, and f.fe ;.t Fowey. Capt. Barlow fct off far 

th'* o.. cr for her Royal H..;l;:i i.; tl.c Lk.\\v.c.\. cxprcfs; and f.MV.ir. Mrnds wiked 

Dvi'c' C-. of Virk. '1 h-y i.avc :.!fi juft nn Ac..i;:i:dC'.>!;'y \vitiMt.i> intei efting intit- 

6iii]'>i I ^ery '•ir.df'mu and un:oRimor.ly ligciicc. ri.c (i:i|>: of Wat in Breit watBTi 

fir.r V. • pejeK-rh'^ Uoyal H p;h'-.<r t'lc with their f.i.ls btnt, wvcuo one of (hrM 

I': i. . of ^VJi"., a id n hca-jti'ii! j',o\v>pi.ce decks, one of two decksy and five ftoiH 

f« '. '-.I (Jr.uc ilie I)i t h*;s ofCurrdor, hf!h frigates. 

r c in. 1101 Scotch Worftcd. I'ncsM.ni^cd y.»//. cr This dr.y wa: conimiffiooed Hit 

hy tl.c ji it« ona.'.L' of t>trjo!n£Cs fo highly M;ijdt)'i fhip £.:;mont, 74 £uit», and Iht 

difl:np,iii(Vtul, wij ic.ty le.M'on.'.blv hi^pe locn coiim:isd given to Capt. A. DiX'in{ affotbt 

to 1C-. loc wo(.lIe-i iii.uiuf tCture ni!;ini a dc- A'arn'., '2 guns, Capt Kubeitfon. Oi'd«9 

grec of pet f..olinn liisherto unknown in this wcr« received in the Dock-yard by th'sday't 

coiinrry. A .* )ivn -piece, fimilai in pnttern Pull, t) get ready for commillion with all 

ti that of her M :irf^y, has been ordered poH'ihie d.f patch, the Captain, ColsfTuiy and 



lor li-i;: £r4ipr.jr;> o( i\a->i*:a 



Port N^\vs. 
P.V'-::/r'>, 1\,: 16. (Jll^r•; were rc- 
ceivcil •hi'- d.iv a-- tlifj dock->.i;d for ih*; 
?.ilifiCw*r; i'l ivtiv df-p Mtn^cut to u.t'c d');i. 
b!c'.i:ts; \.\m ihiiuv rljh'«; ^^cinm' till h.:lf 
p?.l> fcvcn 1 ."^ r-ij'.! r ri.i; g'.eaitil txi :!:o:i 
is ul:.d to ;,.o' i! . «r-.pi ri'..--y. 1 l.c Bovu- 
a!u! V^'indlor C »'.it: u'i g.;:is each, ;.nd i!ic 
li;;t%o .1 .!n.i CuiioilL-n, ^4 guiiS tach, r.ie 
gyvinj; r:.adv to he conimiip4."ieii. Tlio 
Nanr:lui> of 16 pnns, viai commilfiomd 
yc!*.jf*';iv, :i:.»I vicluri .i to be At cJ fiir i^.\ 
imiTi'.di.it-ly. T^c A'.a. rii,of 32 t^i wr.^ J»..v- 
ir.^^ ur.-lcijion: n 1 1 ion. -ugh rep.n) .:, hi -r.p.ht 
down tlie !^ rhoiM" to hi' o: r..iJ/ \\i:h the 
vlniort dfjvitrh f.r to;^ :.;■.: ;i:w 1 ; tic Syren 
ofily wai:"- for a f'dii '.\ inil c pr.!C>.'cJ to Spit- 
bend to h; \r% n^Ufid the Jit.C-toif.c's fe.iiren, 



illuftrion:., 74 guns each ; and at the Cune 
time ilie c.iuik«is wier^ fent on board the 
Roy-'l So'.'ereign of i\n ^M\'f and London 
of '^^i lo forward ihcni u ith :hc utmoft ex- 
pcJ:tii;n^ and tu prej>aic them for fea-fervico. 

i <^ V N i" ■'. \ News. 
7..-V ^"c;/, />.--. 2 1. Th «: af'ernoon, be- 
tw.i-i t;u- Jjriui n\ to ir ;mi I Myi, w.i lij.' a 
very drca !inl i;'i":v of .\ .:: . which, we 
fcir, h.is «'cno "•f:!r;dcrai>lc dan'ag*;. A- 
I'.'CTip.fl o'.Iir^r m;;i '-.', are the foliowins : 
ti-.** j^iip Charli r,,o»r, Piivia*-, fo;' Africa, 
l>in: :.: ar.ehoru:. i ihe .^lync, wa<. driven 
o;i fliurc .ii iv:,u'* If»:'.t, I'Ul will be got off 
:i-;:.;r. wtHi 1 • :ie uau..?,e: the Pt'ijgVj 
M-rn)v, fro.ii N3WI-, tii..t arrivf d ou Sj- 
tQ'-t'av cvinin'4, i^ 01 f^ioro near tl.c tidc- 
in.'I, h;i; \\v\ he ro: 01 r a^aiii wiilicnt da- 



n-v^e. ( »nc of 'he ti»r-«t.N and variw wtb 

fcni «Mi N>;ud t!"y O. i-.n and 11 n ^..bal, a' thV; blo.»n fro'u the i^ucj^U- o*"St. Pctei 's ctioich| 

St. Gcor^*; ii ordered for Sj::r'.iL::il iiTimc- wh'ch ^^okc t lou^h i! c rof, n^.T I'.c or- 

di.ilciy. .As {o"^n ;sS I'hc faih, liic Adn;!;.!! ^an-Io'r : r.j fer vice in -h;; church ytil«ni.iv 

ts «o hoiil his tl.T^ on boai\i the Powerful, in cv'.ltqicnjc. Two lari;'- trees in thd 

74 P.I r IS, ^r.y\y.. Hicks. *Koith V^'.iI'n were lo' n •^j' bv the ro;)U>, fe- 

y::n. 4. C.nc. ii.irK»wand Lieut. Mends, of vei-^l others nearly di:l.. Ip'id froi*» their na- 

the I'hiK'.^is fT:on of war. arc aii ivcd n on) tive earth, and a c.uifidwr »l:;ie part of the 

th.1t fo p, which wns left at Kowc). The paling blown down. A mM* walk'nj .iC3r 

P^iiivu'.iiisoKiui'.lit .lie of inf.niieini^ujrcaoou tiiis cop<'Oi'-woiks wa« taken o'^ h;^lbct bf 

at :!r..^ crifi';. Tl e C'l:.^!cr^crai/ed o/T Itreil the wind, and l*ad ^<<; kg biake n the fall : 

hirhour, ar.d lafl Wcdi ei'.i.iy aftcinoim, at he w.i.suiiniediatelycarrieil totlie Jiifirniaiy* 

two o ir'.o* k. the Cliildcrs (looil u ithinihiew*- The npi»er {tart of the ftiiiii wu;k, wliicti 

i^>?jn,ki ct a ir.ilc of ihrwj b«ateiies iu BrcA fupooried the Ibtn's wciA^ier^Taiic, gA ttic 

cog 



.i;93.] HSTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



^3 



Hop of Mr. France*' fslegant new warehoufes, 
GecKfe's «lock, w.is by the violence of the 
wind, broken off, and, with the vane, 
Arewn on the top o^ the bmldins* 

£(^ KMtford^ Ihtu. The prefent Heid 
UNff of itiii place, thoagh a very young 
■u, and enpi:*ed in trade, ha< had the 
cowBcnJable fpirit, in imitation of the late 
Inliffof Birminsham, to free their fmit- 
mtcts from a f|ieciet of frand too long 
pnAiied wkh impqnky, by totally fup- 
ynflinf the nfe of fhort and fraudulent raea- 
um^ which the ofi^dert, to favour the 
deoepcion, had caufed to be made higher 
tei oToaly but contraAed in breailtli. — [t 
am to be wiftied, ibaty wherever thefe il- 
k|al pmAices prevail, this example were 
Islowcd by Ciirife officers whofe duty it is lo 
fStoQi a like reformj in commifcraiion of 
the poor, and in juftioe to all other perfons 
liable to fufier by fuch abufes. 

The following accident liappened on 
WeJnefilay lafl, in Nitm.iH'Cwtt'Pttrk: 
Jilr. ThiiUethwayte't kf*eper had been af- 
iiHed by a f ouCman in driving tlie deer, one 
lif uhich pref Jilting itfclf a> a fair maik, 
the keeper fired, raid liii deer fell ; but he 
vrss'furpriftfd Cn obferve, at the fame in- 
AanCy the fom<nan run a ihort u<{bmcc, and 
lhe.1 Cam^\ on ap;noac!ii:ig him, he foim** 
that the ball, afiui- p.iirui; i!ir.i:.;h :>ie ! v\\: 
of the dcsr, had entered t!ic liinj;.. of Iki^i nu- 
Ibrtwute fcllow-ftirvai'.t, w'ki nc.cr fp -!<c 
after, having hrra'lxsd l^i' Uil hcf :c othcit 
of the faultily, w'o iih'.*:-ved c!ie traitfiClic<ri 
from the hoiire, ov.ld leach t:.e fpot to 
afiill in b::aring htx in. 

i^stl'C wocrkmcn belDn^ing to Mr. ITev- 
tcnod, of S>ir.fjrdf nc.li' Lhippin?:-Ncr:on, 
Oxfordfbirc, were t:)k;ng iliiwn n.i o!d 
houi'e, they found a l:ii^;c qii.mi.ty of go!d 
and lilrcr coir:, dutrily o( tl.e rtic;tis of 
.Q^»een t!»zabc'.li, K-ng |.iiTJCi 1. a'.d 
Ciuries 1. fome nt wli c:i were in vstctA pre* 
fervasion, iichcrs muc'.i d faced. W'li.u ren- 
ders it the more rem:irkablc i<:, tliat .ih.jut 
15 years ago tiie other part cf the lh)^re was 
repaired^ ond then wus found a fitnilar 
cpjanCxty uf money, of the fan*e re);;i)s \vi:h 
the above, which tlie thca worthy pru- 

pfietor^ Taylor, cfq. gave lothe work- 

mrn. It is fuppofed to have been fecrtied 
diii-n^ the civil w.iis. 

On ilie 17th iif Dccembcrwa? difcovcred, 
in a me.idow, va Fofr/riilf co. Warwick, bc- 
bniging lo Mr. J«dc|ili VVhitiii'^, of th:tt 
ft.icr, ID digging alienrli, about two feet 
hc!«iw the fiMrficij, an earl I len pot, con- 
tiiiiing upw.ird-i <»t" iftoo Ronu:) coppt-r 
cuiiiN, pnnctpaUy di' ihe luTipcrnt'S Ct>!il\an- 
lii»«, LiNilljm, CfMiftdiitius, and Ma^^nen- 
fi.r>j m«iU of which r«m:iin in the pjlfet- 
Cnih of Mr. Whiting, fiir tlte inrpe<5tujn of 
Ihe Ctii itiki«. And on the 12th of J.Knmry, 
in ciMit inning the fame iiench, lie found 
aiiuihrr citdieru jug, CMiitniu.ng a gi^^it 
^^tui^iiy oi •ar;:er cmn; but :he Lwlei were 
B giealcr p c I ej; wotiou . 



HlSTOrjCAL C^KONFCLE. 
AhfirAfl of an jiO fur fJiHl>liff'ir^'R'-^u!.iTh*fS 

rrf'prffhg AUem arrtvmp in this Kiftgdvn^ •r 

r^JiJcntf i'l cr* tain caff*. 

I. it is enabled, rhnt the ma(Ver of a 
vclliel arriving v.\ any port of thi> kingdom 
(hall immediately Ipecify in writi»g, tq the 
colle£l(u- of fuch port, the number, names, 
rank, and occupation, rf any foreigners 
which fhall he on board his ve(Tel. 

a. Under the penalty of toI. for every fo- 
reigner on board the vclM whom he (bail 
have neglcdled or refufed to dedart^. 

3. Tliat every Alien arriving in .iny port 
in tills ktngtloro, on or after the loih day of 
January 1793, ihall immediately declai-e in 
writing, to the coileif^or of inch port, his 01* 
her name, rank, and occupation, or, i£ 
Servanrs, the name, &.■:. of the r m.ifleis or 
miflrrflei, or fhail vtibal'y make facb de- 
dahttion to fuch officer to be reduced by him 
into writing:; and lh;dl alfo declare tlie 
country wliere they have princi^. !'./ refided 
lor lix months preceding tliei- nrx.v.d j and 
eveiy AUen negle^ing 10 rar.kc futli decla- 
ration, or m<ki)^s a f Jill'e dec!. "at;; on thereof, 
fltall l>c aOjwIi^cii to depart our of tivs realm, 
aiul, if :ifter%v.ird<: fbimd in this realm, ihall 
be ira'irp«»^til foi ! fr. 

4. Tnat every AUen, r-rriving as afnre- 
faid, flipll ohiiiin i-.'^m tl.c collec'.or of fiirh 
po't u ctrnificste 01 inch declaration in wri- 
tiiit'* 

<• TxcT prion of fiu'cJf.n Manner? cm- 
pl ■;. r;t in lixh fiiijij ceUii'icd by the mafter 
to thec:.lle»Hrjr. 

6. No «^)ien to import .iny iveapo'is, anns> 
gun^M.vdci, oi* aa.n:.iritio!i whalcver, other 
th::n .T^: mcicLnndize acc-onVt-i;; to l.iw ; and 
any officer of li.e cu icms njay ffize fuch 
wtapori.., Uc. tnkinj: an a'.c« Mut rbericf. 

7. In caftt \l\s M;ij\:fiy ihinli, by piocta- 
matiin or viri'icr, diredl i\ut Aliei>s (hall not 
Ikj l:.iu!i.d in tliis kinriinm, oi Ih.r.l only bo 
ian.ltd at r>:irl?cu!ar rla;:ts, tlii.n the mafter 
of cVv'iy iLip, hiving Aliens <,n bc^nrd, flirdl 
n.)C IVfi'-T li.em to hmJ conlraiy to fuch pro- 
chtm:itiun oi" order (uulcfs by errpicls per- 
milii*;:! of His Majefly\ under the r-nalty of 
5^1. tt>r tvery Alien fo Iruiding, and forfei- 
ture of tlie ihip. 

2. No Alie-i f^al! dspirt fnir. the place of 
his a:iivnl (ex.'.": :o ni.-.iLC i;»t dcci.'rntion 
aforofiiu') w.r-.uu: r' ta-.iiwi^ a pnirpostfiom 
tlrj M.iy« r cr o:h; r <-t:i-f M;:;:iitr:iij oi fiich 
placi', or from on.' J.iJ^cc or I'c.icc for the 
diftrii^^rcortain !it^ the i^^.tjc, rank, and oc- 
cupaticMi gt fuch Alir;:, and the town to 
w'.iich he pnipofes f; go. 

<). Aliens (ixccpt tc'.'at^lr: of Hritifh fuh- 
jcct';" aTtenilaiit on the'T m '(Ici^^ arrived in 
rhis kinrdcMU iincc the ill 'f Ja-iuarv 1792, 
or irfi\"ing in tut»-!re, den»'.>UN of ch:inj;ing 
thi-ir rel'idcULe, or of ({Uiicirg t!>e rot\-n at 
which they have arrived hv \ii-rue of their 
fird n.i(l|Mirt, fli.'til i-blain fiO.ii (lit- M.tytH', 
01 a julltce uf Waosc fur t:.c diflii^lt, a p.ilT- 

pwlt 



84 HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. fjaa, 

port txprtdCmz the name and <)e(criptioa of heying fuch order, to be commiiced to ttai 

fuch Alien, and alfo [he n:ime of the town county gaaU 

to which fuch Alien propofes to remove. 19. Eveiy Alien who has arrived ki 

(o. MagiftratfS may gr^nt pitrports to England finoe the ift of janiury 1792, (taalli 

Alien merch:'nu to pafs to and from all paru within ten days from the loth of linoary 

of the kingdom. I793i *^^ every Alien arriving in fobxn 

I r. The Mayor of any t^wn, or a Juftice fliall, within ten days after his nrrival ai cht 

of Peace of any difti ifV, mny require of any place ezpreded in bis palQiort, deliver i& 

' Alien arrived after the i ft of January 1792, the Chief Mngiflrans where he (ball be, oTi 

or, arriving in future (except fervants as if no Ciiief Magiftrate, to a Juftice of Peace 

atforefaid), who (hull he paiFing through or of the diftrift, aii account in writing of hil 

■found in (txchtown or dtftriA, to exhibit his name, rank, occupaiio-i, and place of abodep 

palfport; and in default thereof, or if he is and the place of iiis refidence for fix moaKbi 

notin tlie way to tlie town therein cxprelTed, preceding, and take a certificate thereof t 

of if fuch Mayor, &c. (hall fee caufe to ful* and in cafe of negleA or refufiil en niake 

peA that lie is not, hona JUr, proceeding fucli declaiation, or of delivering a fdfc ae« 

to fiicti town, or has landed contrary to fuch couiitj to he imprifoned. 

prudamatioti as afurefaid, fudi M-iyor, &c. 20. M.igiftnites may fumnMHi Alienf, foT* 

mav commit fuch Alien to gaol until notice |h*^Ia1 of not having drliverod fnch acconntf^ 

be feitf to His Majelly's Sectvtary of Stare ; before them, and caiife them to be arrefted. 

and, unlefs His Majefty fhall fign fy His plea- 21. Any JuAioe of the Peace, Mayor, er 

Cure fur tlie diCcharge of fuch Alien, he Ihall Chief Magiftrate, may, by notioe in writing* 

be detained in ga-U witiKjuc bail uu'.ii deli- retjuire of any hmifckeeper witlm their dii^ 

Vtfied by courfc of law. tr-i\ an account in writing of tlie oames^ 

1 2. Every Alien who (hall refufe to (bew rank, and uccupauofi, of all A liens refideni ift 
Ills pa(f|KMt, or wIk) Ihall be finind t)oC pro- their houfe*-. 

ceediiig to the town tlierein exprelfed, or x 2« Conies of aocoimtf delivered toCalloni> 

who (ball land contrary to His MajeAy's or- Imufe ofiicers, &c. and of paifporis and oer- 

der, ihall be imprifoned for any time n(it ex- tificates granted by Magiftrates, to be tranC^ 

ceeiling one motitii, and afterwards (hall de- mined to one of the Secretaries of State, 

ptrt the realm. aj. The Juftices of the couits of Weft* 

13. Any perfon forging or altering a paflT- minfter may admit Aliens to haiL 

port, or obtaining fuch palfpori under any 24. As may alfo any Juftice of Peace, 

otlier name than tlut ^^ liich lie (ball liave by authority of tlie Secretary of State. 

^clared to furh Cullom-houfe oflicer, &c. 25. All Aliens, arrived in this kingdom 

or fiKcly pretending to be the peifon menti- fmce tiie iftcf January 1792, (hall, if within 

oncd in fuch patfport, (ball be punifhed as in tlie limits of the Bills of MoruUty, ortlie pa- 

the preceding feci ion. rifhes of Marybone, Pancras, and Chelfea, 

14.. Notice of thcfe regulations to be prin- on tlie lothoif January 1793, or if out of 

ted in different languages, and affixed in ti«c thofe limitt, within ten days from the (aid 

different ptnts, and delivered to all fa- Toth of January, :uid every Alien arriving 

reigners ; but proof of fuch delivery not to in future (ball, witliin ten days after his ar* 

be neceflary to the convi^lion of any Alien rival, give to fome neighbouring Magifhate 

Offending againft this ad. an acconnt of all weapons, arms, gunpowder, 

15. Any Alien neglecting to depart the and ammunition, in their poircHion, and 

realm when ordered by his MajeA y fo to do, Ihall, within three days from fnch iioiioei 

to be committed to the county gjol. deliver up to fuch MagiArate all focb wea- 

I b. Any Alien, difobeying fuch procla^ pons, &c. except fuch only wliich they Oiajt 

maciun or order of His Majefty, (hall be im- have licence to keep from one of His Ma^ 

prifoned for a month, and Chen to dep:>n the je(Vy*s principal Secretaries of State. And 

realm within a time to he limited ; and if it (hall not be lawful for any fuch Ahen, after 

f()und wicliin the realm after focb time, to be fuch delivery, to buy, or to have in his pof* 

tranfported for life. felfion, or in the ixiffedion of others for hii 

17. Any Secretary of Staie^ who (hall ufe,any weap<nis,&c. And any perfon, neg- 

apprehcnd that immediate obedience will not letting or refufmg to obey the above di» 

be {^.lid to fuch pioclamation, may give any redtions, (hall, on con virion, be judged to 

Alien in charge to one of His Majefty's depart this realm, and, if found tlierein afbr 

mc'lTcngeis, to be conduiled out ef tlie king- fuch tinte, Ihall be iranfporccd. 

dum. 26. Magiftrates may retjuire Alieni refi<* 

I \i. His Majefty, by order in cunncil, or dent iu their jurifdiaions, or pafTuig through 

order under the Royal Sign Manual, my or- tlie fante, to deliver up aUl weafNins, &c. m 

dir .'.iiy Alien arrived fince the ill of |<'iin-> their pcilleilion, under pain of being orderei 

ary 1792, f)r airiving hcreaticr (exiej* to liep^trt tlie realm- 

Alitn merchants ;iik1 lervanrs of Briiiih fab- 27. Any of His M»jefty*s Secretariei of 

jfscld^i t«) rcfide iii iach diilriiSls ns His Ma- State, or any two [ufltcei> of Peace, or any 

jrl'i}' ihall Un:)k nvcelfuiy ; sm^ Aliens dilo- M<tjOt or Cliief Miigifliaic, maj «aufe any 

beufe^ 



17930 HISTORlCAt, CHRONICLE. 85 



hook, rrnifitl or <kc\i|mJ .by ny AlieiF, 
(except Alien merdiants), aiW auy lioufe in 
whicb any Alien fhali be a Icxlgcr or inmace, 
tAbe frarchcri in the il:iy-timc, in Uie pre- 
fcnce of a reace-oflicer, in ni'ikr to difcover 
Inj weapons &c* s^ to feizir t!ie fame. 

li. And ir.jy ret}uire, from lioufekeepcrs 
where Alirns may lodi'ei an accotmt in wh- 
Ifas of dl weapons, Ice. in Iheir huufes. 

19. His Majefty may fend out of the 
mlm any Alien who Oiall have been com- 
nimed to any gaM as albrefaid for any (jf« 
feoce a^iiinft ttiis aA. 

30. If any AKen fo fent out of the realm 
ft^ return, he thill, on convidion thereuf, 
be tmfponed for !i fe. 

II. In all queUkms refpc^ng offences 
apinfttbis a£tf the proof to lie on tiie party 
accufed. 

31. No perfon to be deemrj an Alien 
nerchant, except he (hall be ttcna fuie en- 
{^•d til carrying on trade, and feekins liis 
bins thereby. 

i^. Foreign ambaffidors and their fcr- 
var« duly regifteietl, and perfons natnn- 
Itzed, excepted out of tlii:; a6t. 

34* Aliens nut fourteen yean old ex- 
cepted. 

35. Certificates and palTports to be given 

36. Frefh palTports or ceitiftcatcs may be 
granted where the former ones are loft or 
niflald- 

37. Terfcins a-'jiidRrd to lie tranfporitd, 
tA he fent to fucli places as His Majelty (hall 
diredt 

3 8. If any peiTon, ordered or adjudged to 
he trauf ported, ihall be found ai largo wiiliin 
the realm, or, after fenienoe of tranfporta- 
tion pronoiuiced, he Ihall be guilty of felony, 
and (luil fufler deatli as a fielun, wiUieut be- 
nefit of ckriy. 

Fmrtinfar aceumt cf th Murder o/" Lo V IS XVL 
During tlie night of Jan. zo, Paris was il- 
laminated, and no perfon whatever was per- 
mitted to go abroiid in the ftreets. Large 
bodies of armed men patroled every part of 
that imraenfe metropolis, the rattling of 
coaches ceafed, the flreets were deferted, 
jnd the city was buried in profound fileoce, 
nnre horrid than expreilion can equal. 
About two oTcIocfc in the moraing of tlie fa- 
tal Monday the 21ft, voices were heard, 
flt intervals through the gloom, of lamen- 
feuon and Uiftrefs; but whence tt;ey pro- 
ceeded, or what they were, no perlbn has 
been able to difcover. This circumftatce, 
among many otiien, has greatly terrified 
the people. The unluppy Monarch palled 
■11 Sundty in preparations f(ir his approach- 
ing change. His calm rer)g''atioii» ami hi*: 
meek patience, difplayed the eminence of 
that fool which animated the tenemen: of 
day ; hut (he •nefnin^ and Che parting of hii 
hfnWj was a fcenr tuo painful, too dif- 
areAng to the feelings of humanity. The 
a 



poor Queen luing aniunJ tfie n^k of her 
deardciuiliiig Lord in »dcUrium of anguifti: 
the Princclu Koy;d graf|)ed lii^ iund, \.\\im 
Pan phi a embraced his knees, and MaJamo 
I .'.izabcth bathed his fuet with the torrent of 
her tears. TIte Queen was at laft removed 
from him in a fl.<te of infenfibility ; from 
vhich (he did not revive before two o'ckidc 
oa Mocday afternoon ; when flierai'ed, anJ 
cared upon the name of her miydered hat- 
band. The King exhibited on this (ad ooc>« 
fion all the tendernefs of a Hulband, a Fa- 
ther, a Bruiliert and, appearing more a& 
fefleil by Che afflidlion of perlotis fo dear 
and fo beloved tlian by his own miifortuuesy 
coafoled them with tlie moft foothiiis 
words. Having palfed tlut>ugh this tryii^ 
fcene, he now applied to his religious du- 
ties, and pre|ured to meet his God. Tlie 
convcrfation which he held with Ids Cou- 
felfor was piiras, fenfible, animated, and his 
hr^pe was hiU of immortality (de VimmartaUU 
hLnl^ureufc). He protefted his innocence, 
and foi gave from his hean his cruet enemies 
The clo.ks of Paris at length foiuuled eiglit 
on Mo!7ilajr mornin}', and the Royal \Lirtyr 
was funimoncd to his fate. He ifTued out of 
his prifon, and was comhiAeil to a coach 
belonging to the Mayor of I'.tris, in uiiicih 
were two foldiers of the GemLiineriti he 
was attended by his Confetlbr, and ailiAol C» 
(tep into the carriage by one or tuo of tfatt 
fentiiicU, who UimkI at the gates of the Tem- 
ple. But here an event ha]>|)encd, which 
mud icnd tlie nvoil obdurate heart with 
poignant fympathy. Soon after the Coadi 
was driven oft, and tlie King was condu^lin^ 
to death, the I>auphin efcaped finoffi thote 
wlio liad the care of him, and ran dowa 
flairs with great precipitation. Thefeminel 
at tlie bottom of the (tail?, v. ho appean t« 
have had a tender heart, ft<)|:])ed him, and 
faid, ** Where .ire you goii.>g, my deai', io 
fuch a limry ?" — ** F'sy, pi ay, le: iwa 
alone,** faid the innocent chit J ; " I'll go ia 
the (Itett, and fall down upon my kneeiy 
and beg die peo|>le not to kill my dear 
PaM." 

The Place de Louis» Qn-rze, now called 
the Place of tlie Revolunoti, was t!ie fjio: 
appointed fur the MURDEPv. Theplaca 
wa& fdled Willi p: odigioub multitudcsof peo- 
ple, and large bin': m of hoife and Tiot were 
drawn up to pro:c<!it the execution. The 
moft awful fiiencc pr^v.iili-d, wtiile tlie 
coach was aJvaiidng lluwly tounrds the 
fcalTbld. ll-.e dy:i g Mnaidi :iUended iC 
w:tlx licrDJc f<MtiiiKlf, with a firm ftep, and 
unJifmaycd iiniiitenance. He was accom- 
panied i>:i the l'c:itTold by h'-' Confellor, and 
two or ihicc Municipal Officers. In the 
niid.'lc tlood tlieblo« L, and ue;u- it two large 
ill-Kokii.g liruies, cnc of wtiom held the 
ar.e in hib h'.ihl. Th^ KngfDr a moment 
lov kc«t avvruuJ upon tli? pcupt<;, with eyes 
v.-h.cli bc'inicd foiv^iToncf" and love 1 and he 
wu^ prrpai n^ hinifcif to ad Jrels tl.e Ipef^a- 



86 



HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. fjan. 



tors, %\hen, horrid to icLiicI one of t'.c 
officers cried our, " No Si»rerhe< ; — r<»n>e, 
n«Si)tccl)es j" and fu.'denl-. :■. • drisms b mI, 
and tlie li"*!T)ivis foi.rnl««l. I j fj-ik', Inl 
all tite expi».- 1 initio tnul v luio he diftiiicily 
brard wtiellvjO^ : ** I foijjivr iny ciicdiit-^ : 
fn;ty Gml foig ve ihcni ; and nni l;iy my iu 
iMxent b'ood tc the charp.e of ihu isatioa : 
GodWcrroy P-oplei!!!" 

Tlie Confi-fToi W upon hiikiiocs, and im- 
plored the Ki 7,'s hlefinvi, uho k*»^c it hiin 
with .III afftciion:ucpibiKc. Tl* rollgi'Us 
and £;o('d Moi^urdi then laid his Ue^A upon 
t!jc h!.K-k \vit!i :idmii;iMc icienily ; and he 
ceafeJ lo live in this world. 

The Murder was pfifi/rmed lictween 
^e^'en nnd tu'cUe o'clock, on Niunday 
morning. 

1 he unfoitunate King, previous to his 
•xtciitio.i, wroie to tiio NAlii-nal Cci;vcn- 
tioHf ri:(.(ue(ling to t^ hurled nei*r to ids fa- 
ihrr, h) thr Catheih al of Scbf. The Con- 
vtjuioiiy uiiii cibd :ipaih>'> palled lo the 
CH'der of'.hc day. 

The I-XRCu ivc Couiuil of Frmcc having 
dire«^)ed M.Ch^nvKJin to prefciii a lit^te t-.i 
the RntiQ) M'.niiliy, ti> dentand, inlhcnamc 
«if tlie I^renih Republic^ a cle;ir, fpeedy, ;ind 
categorical ntiiwcri whcll'ie:- under the general 
clenomii\.itii>n (if rorcignerc meniitmed inilie 
Ali^n Bdl, the Ta;] .imcnt :.nd OiA-eriM-ni-nt 
of Great Kiitain mcr.nt alfo to innipreha:d 
the Frei.ch : and in cufe oi an :ii:lwer in the 
affirmat'v?, or if none was received in the 
C(>urfe of ilircc d..yy, w.^f to dt t'jsrr, that the 
Frei»th RepbMick canr.c-t confuler this con- 
^\i£i hut Si-* a m.xnifcfl infr:'.dion of tiie 
Commercial Trciity concluded in 176S; that 
U jConftqucntly ccnfes to think itftdf hound 
by that treaty ; and henceforth confulcrs it 
void i tho following anfwer has been riven. 

" Whitch.all, 7Vr. 31, 1792. 
. " I have received, Sir, fiora you a nutc, 
in which, flyling yourfclf MiniHcr llcnipo- 
tetitiary of France, you commur.icatc to m-.*, 
as the king's Secretary ( f St.V.e, l!ie nilliuc- 
Itons whicii you ft.ite to havB yo!irfflf re- 
ceived from tlie Executive Coutieil cf tjie 
French Rcpub'iv,k. You are not ignor.uit, 
ihat, fince the unhappy event'; of tlie loth of 
AuguH, the King has thought proper to 
fuf|)end all OtTicia! Communication with 
France. You are xouiieU no othcrv*. ifc 
acciedit;:d to t!ic K'w-Ji, than in ll;c name of 
his Moil Chriilian M;.j.:fty. The prupoli- 
tioii of receiving a M in lift. r,nf credited ^y any 
ulhcr autli- rity or pov. crin Fnnce, would 
be a nt V <p>eili<ui, wlucli, \Nhcnever it 
occurred, tlm King \v:.uld havr fe right to 
dciiidc .^1 f.oitliiig to II c intercf^s oi his fub- 
jedU, hi- .»wu di^ni'y, aid ihc rtgaid whxh 
h= owj^i to his alhcv, and to the gcntrd fyf- 
t m of l'".i lopc. I am ihtrcfore to inform 
vnu, Sii, in exprc(:i .>nd f«;imal terms. f!at 
I aikui>«v']cJp/j you in i-o fjtl'cr I'uj'ic 
Ut^*i<^l^r t'luu iL::t of Miiufler frun^ ilia 



Moft Chriftip.n Majef^y, and that confo- 
qnently you crrmot be ai'mif^cd to trr:it wuh 
ih*j King's MmK^crsin tt eqikdit) and under 
the form fi;'r<.c' ii» vcur Nore. 

*• Hut, otJierving that yi-u have entered 
into '•xp'r.i'^rions of fome of the CMTiim- 
fiancts which liavr gi« ci^ tfi Knj^land fucli 
fir-mv; {••. u"i'- of unr:M:ncfs and jealoufyt 
and tl a' vdu M>.-::k of the(e explanations M 
being '■'" ;t n.iMirc to b\w^. nui ».wo C4nititne$ 
nearer ; i h. ve Hecn unwilling to convey to 
you t" e iwjt'ficatio". 1^ iW I as dbo^'e, witlMOl 
at the i"rm»r«*p«' x- "titpg myfelf clearlf 
and u;iT.' <**!■ o"" i- e inbvct of what you 
have cor -.mu ■ -^-.ti t-- v*r. 'iKuigh under a 
form 'A h'-ch ;< i«« f' ■.» re-.-vi^ar nor oflTiclaL 

'' Yoiir exid.mai ions ill <: coutiiM:d to three 
points . 

" The f^rft is that of the Decree i>f the 
Niiti<>ncl GiiiVentiiM: o* the 19th i.f Novcni- 
bei « in 'iir: expiclf.on*^ '.f which all England 
faw rhc fi rnu' dccl .r.aioii of a dcfign to 
extend uivveriallv the rew principles of 
Government mU pted in France, and I;) cr- 
couraf;c tlifordcr and revolt in all countrieSy 
even in ihofr: which are neutral If t'^is ia- 
tbiprel.^in;:, w liiji you rcpreicnt as injuri- 
ous to !hc Convention, ccnild admit of 
ar.y doubt, it is button well juHitied by the 
conduct of the Convention itfelf. And the 
anplication of tlicfc principles to tl:c Kuig's 
d<inr.inions has l»etn Ihcwn unci^.uivoc-.l'.yi 
by the public receptiou given to the promo- 
ters of leJitiou in this country, and by the 
fpi'eche'? made to them precifely at li.e t'rnie 
of this Decree^ and fince on fevcral ditiereuC 
occafions. 

*< Yet, notwith(landing all thefe pr(?efs, 
fupported by other circumllunces which are 
but too notoriou<;, it would have been witt^ 
plcafurc that we Ihould Inve fcen here fuch 
cxplan-^tions, and fuch a condudl, as would 
have fatirfied the Dignity and Honour of 
Fngland with re!pe6l to what lias alrradf 
palled, and would have otfcred a fuf^'icient 
fccunty in future for the mainteaancr of tliat 
rcl'pedt towards the Rights, tlic Govern- 
ment, and the Tranquillity of Neutral Pow- 
ers, whirh th.ey have on every account a 
right to expert. 

*' Neither this fatisfadliofi, nor this fecn- 
ri^'f is fuvmd in the terms of an explanation 
which iliil declares to the Promotors of Se- 
dition in every Country, wiiat are the cafes 
in which they may count beforehand on- the 
fuppoit and (uccour ot France; and which 
^cfervc^ to tliat Country the right of mixing 
herfelf in our intortwd affairs whenever (he 
fhall judge it pr per; and on principles hw 
ccmpaiibio with itie political inftituliuiis of 
aU tl'.e ci'untrK's of kuro|>c. No one caa 
avoid perceiving h«)U' much' a decl.TatuiA 
like this is calculai.^d to encour^'ge difniiJer 
and revolt in every ciitintry. Ko one cm be 
igntiraiit how ciHitraiy it is to the ncfi^e^ 
wiiich is reciprocally due fiom IndeitemienC 
^laiiuiiSy uor 1k>w jcpugnaut to tltcfe prioci* 

pies 



I793.J H I S T O R I C A LC H R O N I C L E. 87 

]il«KhichtV.c King Iwis fbUowcd, on his hnvr hH'oiI..- 11 'lit to ftrt iir^'ceijinllv all (ho 
|Mfr, bj" at»il.'*in iiR Ht all limes from ;niy oiln r Vh.v-^ - bci-wi."., ;,■; i\,c jv,v^e»i of 
iiiCerrirerice U']M:>-vei in tin; iiuein.il ati.tii'S Eiirojic, and ;ill tl c i/Jii^r Ki>;iits o( Ki-.{;'- 
oT Frjncc. AtiJ t!uj cnnnall is alone fuf- latid, or of -ler Allj<.-s. She cu cvc:) hjve 
ii-itfntto fhcw. Mot Oi.Iy that Englrind can- no prrlcnce lo iiit.fcie in the queflicn of 
Ro:cuiir:i-tT Inch an ex^ilanatio 1 a^ faM^-fjc- ope.iir.g the Schjlilr, iinlefs ihe were tlie 
ti:r7,btii tha: fh? miifl 1<iik upoti it as :t h^lh S(>viTc;gr) of iiie Ljvv Cuimt. \c^, or iiad tlie 
avwal of tbole lilt poiit ions whiih Ihe fees ri^htti' diclute L;lV\^ to .t!l l''.ni'i)|)e. 
withfrtjuft an luie.ifmtfs anJ jchL u!"y. •* l-.nglanil ne cr w.ll tonfcut th:U Fr^mce 
" I pr>ctrccl to IJrr two other points of fti;'ll arn gate ih? jka'. er of aoiiulling at her 
Tpor explin<*tion, which cod cern the geis;- | Ij lure,. ai.J umlor the i)retciicc of a prc- 
rzl difpoiit'oiii. of Fra'ice with regard to the tcii".<l niilural li^ht, of which fhc ni..kc9 
aUin ol G:e::C-Brirain, nd the coiidiiA vf hi-ii-It the only jud,!;e, the i>oht cal Iyi7nu 
IheC-nvwitif.-n iind 'is ollicers reh'iveto ifie of Lnnipe, eihiMtlLcd hyfoltmii Trcaics, 
kheiilL The t^cL-ratu^n wr.icli yi u there and jinuranHcd hy the coiifcnt of all the 
fiMike, " ih.it France will not iitiatK. KoU pouer^:. This Oove'nment, adbeiing lo 
iaod fit long as that power (hall ohfurvc an the ni.iximf. whkli it his follovied fur more 
cuft iH:u:rahC}','* is conceived i.e.iily in the thitt a cu-vt-/, wiII alfo nei^er fee with in- 
fuoe terms witlitlul which \ou was charged ditiemxe tiiat Fr.'nce (hall make herfelf, 
(otnjke in the namcoi Hi-^ Molt ClriiVian eith.-r diredlly or iiuliie^Hiv, Sovereign of tlw 
Mi]t(ij in Che nioulh of J'Uie laA. Since Lo'v C oiintr-es, or general Arhitiefs of tho 
lluc firft declaration was m.ide, an oilicer, richb and liberties of Lurope. If France is 
fl^g hiiDfelf to be c:npl(iyed in the Venice really < .-fno ::b of maintaining friendfhip and 
rf France, has openly violated both tlic '.er- peace uith l'-ng!and, fhe niu(l ihew lierfelf 
iitory and the I'.ciitraJiiy of the Republic, in difpofo:l to i^i ounce her vicAS of aggreCTion 
{Ding up the Scheldt, to .itt.ck ::je C:t:niel and a^j^r.^id^emen*, r,nd to confine herfelC 
cf Antwerp, niuwitl.rtar.d ig He d(.t.r- within hi i ov.n territory, without infuUinj 
pinaxirn of the Govern:. lent not to jirart other Govfcmmci.ts, without djllurbingt'icir 
this paflage, and the fi rmal proiell by wiiicli iraiiquilliiy, without violating their rights, 
ftfy (^pofed it. Sif.te chf; farre dec''{i.ii!i';i • V.ihn.-fr'Ct ;o that charafler of ill-will 
Was made, the Convention has il; Mpjit lutlf v ^ •- :i i«; cn'^ca-opred to be found in the 
aoihoriz^jd to annul the liil^l^ or thr; Repuii- to,.vJL-<rt of i-ns!a!»d toward? France, 1 can- 
lie, exeic'fed within the .n. t of its i\\i ns-: di'v-ufs i:, beca'.rre you fpeak of it in ge- 
lenitory, and enjoyed i-v '. iirut- of tlie \,.n.e n-'il lernis oniy, u ithout ^Hedging a fingTe 
treaties by which her indi., -r.i'ciicc i^ iccuicd. t.ct. All i-l\ii'op« has feen the j>i-iice ai)4 
Ardacttie very n:iMT t:i' \»!iCM, under the tl.e ^/rnci of/ y which have charadlcrized the 
name of ;in.-nii. .'^«'.c 'J?:] '. I'l.i :v :i, jo\i leriLvV C'.iij>'« ^-t of tiie King. His Majcfty has al- 
UfWK in il.c i.iiiir i-riTi-. -..i-.: iti.i-i fc "f re- w !v > hrtn c^efnous of peiice. He defires it 
f c<^:m ^ .1.1 in 'e, •• i'dUi: riiid 'A. sfcl'-s <A ftili, 1-ai fuch as may be r*-al, and folid, and 
Eii'tJa :»i :iuc li»;|- ."■.Ihts. • .>,. ui.!. iiiocc lijOie, cinliilcKt with the inte i elt and d'gnf ty of his 
tiu: ..(Kile !i: wifi'c t..i:iic ;oi- 1 ':.ik iiKviid owit o:.iiii< i-)us, and with the general fecu« 
t" mjin:.iia ciic-fj oann :.iiu iij'iiioUd ;i^- litv nt i'.'.:rope. 

gifrtictir.. " On liic reft of your paper, I fay no- 

*' ll :> not ci'Tt'.ii'i.y on .\;c'' a i!-.\'l'.rAl!ii:i ihing. As to what relates to ine and to my 

2U :hi;>i, ih.^t ;in/ rcii..r.cc c.u U- i lacud for C« llcr^u*.', the King's Minilleis owe to his 

lli'j conti:iu.-ince v.l pui^lic '.i;.v(iui!l;t.-. M.-^L-Hy the account of th.ir conduA j and I 

«* But I am unwilling :. !':.;ve 'Aitlio'.;! a h..vc no anfwcr to give to you on this fub- 

ir.ore p;ii titular rtpl/, wlnt you f.iy on i!.e jei'-t, a-.y n^orc fhnn o:\ tl;at of the appeal 

liw ftiLjcct of ihc >ci^c!ili. It It u ere true which you pii;p;i:e to make to the Enghih 

ll.a*. t!.::; 4'jclt'ori v in ittv.'f of l.t'lL- imj"»r- nauon. This naiv.Mi, accoroing to that Con- 

rn wc, tl:r; v.-oi.ld only f- rve ti> piwt nM^c fti[ut:on by w»'.ich its lilnrrry and its profpe- 

dtJ-rly, th.:t :l wn^ bumj.'ir f.M-\v;Hd imly fi»r nty ;iri: 'ecurcd, and which ic vi ill always be 

Hi? p'.ii;-:.*'.*: "f i!!:\'i:i!i2 il.c -'liiLS of F.n;'.- ablti to 'lef«?nd .i^.iinft every attack, direct or 

lir'.J, by the iiuVii<^li.,n of ihe Ntutr.ihiy, inuiredl, will never h.ive with fnreign pow- 

aid ^-y t'le vijilu'.ino i>f t"- ;r Ui\;titf, which cr> (iMi'uClion or conefj»on»lence, except 

Tr- fiiii,! t>f Ti\;»;»e.> «• I .; > w- l- iM.iinM :!. thi'/ni'-whe oij^.in of its Kingj t\( a King 

B"it ^u!J v.*.i>n"t !w i^j:n:....'. ih .t ;ieri; :i.3 whoni it love; and revere';, and w-io has ne- 

uT.ioft intiM>r:.ince ij attaJud t;) tlif.fe prin- ver f or an inllant fep.irated his rights, his 

c:_il»:!> uh:cli l-r.;ncc \v:'.!.i\. :o 'vlti.hhfli hy intJiilli, and !iis jiappiiu-fs, from the rights, 

Cl<i» |';HfCCLJ.ii/,, .tpd ui tl'.fe c:Mife4i:cnccs ihciiitereft?, and llieliappin^-fsjof his pci-pie, 
uiiich ivo-ild f:.r-.:ral!y 'c'";;lr f:;'Ti ihv:n ; (-Jigiivd) *• GilLNVlLLE." 

aiii! tl:-: i'..»l oi'.iy ihffe ["iinf .i^!e> ::;u'. :h'»fe ^-^ ^— 

tcfcrpy-pcer w:!! ncvtr bv adniitrd by Kng- DOMESTIC OCCURRENCE''. 

lji*{i, 1 1.' ih. t Ihe IS, miiteiei- will be, ru.it ly Thrii-.y lo. 

luoppolc tlicin Mstha'l I er force. At a Common Lounirl this d.iy holdcn ii| 

«• Frirc* c .n »^^vc no ri*ht to annul the the C'i;:ir.bcr ol the Guihih.iU of the Ciry of 

iUpu'aiipns relative to Ihe Si'jhcUlt, uulcls ibc Lonatm, it wx un. n:r.^.jufly refjlvc:<?, that 

the 



88 DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES, Jan.] 

!?ie fum of Forty 5h*Ili» gs for tveiy aMcfea- ■ ilcor omn, hut no candle in the roomi in a 

in;^ti, anJ Tivciity S]iill:i)g^ ftT every ordi> cloi'et in the kitchen n large iron cheft on* 

nnry (camnny #ov'<.i iiiid iibove the hctinty 1u4.ktil, :i:ii< nochit^g in itbut a woodenbowly 

Kmcleclby bid M;!i.ienv, be given hy.-iml«!iii'irg And h iny.Ci\ iion chell fat) ened to the large 

t!ie pleafure of the Co-:ir, uiul i ot exceeding cue, M^.d UKkcd : In tlic front roomy one 

one month from thi^ «Lj\ , to every fuwh ti.'i- pair of flrtirSi a beaureau open» with tbt 

nan as fh;ill enter ai tl.e Guildhall of this i'r.wers out, and the {)a{>ers.in confiifwni 

City into the lei vice of Ins Majelly's navy ; and on the tloor a qiiaiitity of bedding fuldeA 

and that the Ilemenibrincer do immediately op, apparently taken from the bcdftead ia 

w;tit on the right Honourable the Karl of the next room. 

Chatham, Fiiil Lord Comm-.iV:oner of the Mr. Noith, Surgeon, on. examining the 

Admiralty, with a copy of the (aid refclii- body of Mr. Silva, found a dctp lacerated 

tion, faiily tranfcribcd, and I'l^nsd by the wuund beh«nd the left ear, a wound about 

Town Clerk j and fignify the rcqueft of the two inch*': lorg on the upper part of the 

Court iliat his Lordship will lay the fame be- head, with fradture and deprcflion of the 

foic his Majcily, as an humble icftiinfmy of (kutl, two tinalltr wounds on the left tcm* 

ttieir zeal and alTeAion for his moil facrcd pie, Uie temporal bone fractured, and very 

perfon and gnvemment, and of their uiilha- much beat in upon the brain. The deccalcd 

iLcn attachment to the glorious Conilitutioii languifhed till about half an hour after eight 

of thefe kingdcrms. on Thurfday morning. 

It having been noticed tliat the City of John Home faid, that Mary Williaof 

JLondon had not in the prefent cafe t<tken came to his (hop about half an hour after 

tbe lead, as ufually they do, in ofieni\g nine, when (he faid her mailer's ncplwir 

boonties ; it may be proper to obferve that was come to break fad with him, and hai 

the delay (if fuch it may be called) arofe brought a fine fowl fur dinner, 
from the peculiar period of time ; the Court Mary Newens faid, that Mary Williant 

of Common Council not being properly a came to her (hop al>out nine fc>r the ufual 

^Mly in exiftence till Tnefday tbe Sih, and quantity of roll*", and returned abont clctea 

tn^ir refolutions were pafTed on the icth, the for a penny brick, which Ihe (aid was fat 

earliefl moment in which tliey could poflibly her mailer's nrpiiew, either ame or eamitig, 

he convened. to brcakfaft ; but wliich of the two wurdt 

M^mUy 14. the witneis dees not rcLolIcA. That 

At aluHBoard of Admiralty, tlieEarlof Friday a man about 40 years of age 

Chatham, tlie firft Lord, reported, that the twice to her; faid he had pruraifedtobrnk- 

offer of the City of London, to grant boun- faft or dine with Mr. Silva, without fixing 

ties tofeamen, had been laid before his Ma- the day, but had been near him, and begged 

jefty s who had exprefTed great C^tisfadlion on his knees that the witnefs would not lay 

upon receiving that tcfiinionyof duty and af- anything mtire to injure him than the de* 

iiAiofl from his k>y:tl citizenii. ceafed Mai y Williams had (aid to her. 

Fn'itay 18. The Jury found averdidl of wilful mvrdv 

This day the Corc»ner held an inqueft on by pertons unknown. 
fhehcnVies of Mr. Silva and Mary VVdliams, Mr. Mendez, a nephew of Mr. Sihra*|y 
lu& fervaot. was taken up on (Mfpicion, and examined ^ 

Thomas Cobb, the nephew of Mary Wil- B<iw.(lieet. He proved by raoft refpeA* 
tiams, a boy of about twelve, who, with h:s able evidence that he was at home at thi 
fiilerr had been taken out of ctiaiity to be tme the mun'er was committed, and wat 

educaietl by Mr. Silva, faid that, on going liilwharged. He has fincc, IiomcvcTi do* 
out 10 fchool on Wednefi'ay morning, he left ftruyed lurofelfiTee p. 95. 
both ihu deceafc'd at brcakfaft ui the kitchen ; S,ithuLiy 1 6. 

that, on leturning about nL>on, and not be- A Crurt mrurnuig w;ts direAed for th« 
ing aWe to obtain admiitance, he wert down Fri^nch King ; whicli hai been almofl unU 
theai-ca, and in at the kitchen wim*ow, when vetully oblci-ved hy all ranks In tbe IM- 
he iatv Mr. Silva lying near the fire plare trnpolis. 
groaning, and his aunt lyms; ne.ir the dreircr , jVfcnilir i8. 

appareinly dead: th.1i he went up the (lairs, TIieTliree Commiili'Miers of the Great 
and mit at the (Irtci dnur to call foi hctp : Seal delivered it up to tlie King ; who fooii 
on palling tlie purlovuui>or, which \\ as gene- afterwards gave ic to Lord Loughhoroiig^S 
rally locked, he obl'crved ^t o|>en, :.pd a with the appointment of Lord High Chancxl* 
lighted cauOlc on i!.c fccond uiudow-feat, lor of Great Briuin. 

butdid no! fee or Iicar .'.ny pciTon in tl.e hcufe. Tlis day Lord George Gordon, tlie term 
Geoi^e SaunOT<i f--vnd the deccafed in of his Lordfhip's iinprifonment liavinf 
the kitchen, as dei'ciifccd by tl^c b«»y. On expired, was brought into ihc Court of 
lifting i:p Mary VViil'an-s, imie were f'^ns K'ns'^ Bench, for the purpofe of heins 
of life, but fne txpircd in two mlpuier-. ntirnrred to bail ; but the ttorney Qenerai 
Mr. Silva w:s alive, hui fpcechlefs ntul in- ohi^rCling to the bail proprled, and producing 
ftenfibie, and fo continued till he died on aflidavits of their incompetmc}', Ivs Lord* 
Thui (day morning. Ue found ihe parlour fbS^ was repoauded to jprifpp. 



Blrtbt and MurUgtt »f anfidiraUt Ptr/ttut 



89 



BlKTHI. 

.Y, the Hon. Mrs. Lindfay, a fon. 

Mdlineux, a d.-ias!iitfr. 

rforil, the Laily of itic late Simon 

q of Annfieldy ^ fon. 

vH-cnigh-ftrcbty die Ladjr of Jolin 

i{. h Ion. 

■Inn. Mrs. CoaH'Ti iter, a dnuph. 

f the Rcf. Or.Valpy, of Reai'ing, 

rltmi, in Ireland, the Duchefs of 

fiin. 

is Lnrdnii[»*t houfe in Hanover- 
ly RoJncy, a daughter. 

L<kly of Wna. Brander, efq. of 
xi-ey, a fon. 

lis houfc in Hercford-ftreet, the 
incii BulUr Yarde, efq. a daus'i- 

Marriages. 
,Y, at Duffeldorf. in G«Tinnny, 
r Sumer, efq. to Mifs Harrold, 
»r of Gen- H. of Dutreldorf. 
If, CO. Glamorgan, Tlio. Clumbre, 
lor in chaucsrry.tii Mif» Fit/n.y 
B(\ d lughcer «r tne Hon. and Rev. 
f Orkney. 

«gton, Jas. Barcliy, efq. of Great 
•. to Mifs Balchin,of Kenfingtfin. 
"edgewoDd, efq. jim- of Ecruna, 
, to Mifs Allen, eUleft d:»iig*icer 
llct A. efq. of Pembroke (hue. 
1 Fenn, of Cmiimll, to »^iifi Jor- 
menion. 

|ih Warker, grocer, of Notting- 
s. Walker, of Staotord-hiU, n4.ar 
i«h. 
field, Lieut. Bi-.aton, 10 Mifs 

in. 

r. Wcatherby, attorney, of New- 
Mifi Hill, cMc^ d.uighter of tlie 
:i4. Will. H. of CoMiir-rovv, Kirex. 
i.ncir Riuluid, M«. To*vi Smith, 
:, CO. N«nh.»mptoii, u» M;f«i M;>ry 
l-daughfer of J )!.n I\tl:iicr, efq 
4r. Wright, r-.fmc-, uf Ratrlilte, 
r, to Mif' N.cliol:.,of Lc?C'j!tei-. 
mKS Ht>gard, efq. <»f Mottoi, co. 
Mifs Sukey Cm>per, of Hurbacli, 
r, niece 10 Sir Jofeph M iwbey. 
liiiburgh, Rob. M'Qiiccn, efq. of 
lord j«f\ice d'-rk. to Mifs Kliz. 
f I ha late I-ord Chief Banui O. 
tiur Stone, of Leeds, in Kent, to 
Dixofi, of Lower Bn>ok- ftreet. 
Iiboum. CO. Dci'^y, J-fcp » Struit, 
3V, lo Mifs Douglas, datighier of 
0. efq "f Sm'-ly-bruckc. 
^ma^ Key, furgcon, of the Bo- 
^nthw.nu., lo Mifi Barry, of Iq- 
y FcnciturLh-fiire:. 
* Mapocher, efq. of Queen Annc- 
, to Miu Kufpini, eldeft daugtiter 
rR. of PaU-mall. 
a. CO. Warwick, the Rev. Tho. 
9(f Lidi^eld, to Mifs Woodward, 
r. Mac. Jmu^j^ i793* 

12 



d.i'JJih. of late Ch.n. W. efq. of Birmingham. 

8. At Ditcon, near Cambridge, Rev. Dr. 
Radclifle, prebenvlary of Ely, and vicar of 
Gillingliam, Kent, to Mif< Gooch, daughter 
of late Rev. D--. G. prcbendnry of Ely, &c. 

Rev. Mr. Godfrey, to Mifs Cooke, both 
of Burv. 

9. Mr. Jn. Meredith, of Church Stretton, 
^op, to Mifs Britton, of Clorkenwell dofe. 

IT. John Lloyd, ef]. of the Stamp-oflice^ 
to Mifs Dtiplan, of Walworth. 

1 1, Jolm Leefon, efq. nepliew to the Enri 
of Mdltown, to Mifs Ryleyi only daughter o£ 
Rev. John R. of SuAoIIl ftr. Cavendi(h-fq\i. 

Mr. Loxham, jun. of tfie Royel Exchange^ 
to Mifs Eliza L'>xhain, of Stickney,co. Line* 

At Derby, Wm. Strutt,efq. jun. to Miiii 
Evans, d.iu. of Tha £. efq. both of Derby. 

I y At Lambeth palace, by the Arcbbpi 
of Canterbury, and by fi^ecial licence. Rev. Dr* 
Turner, tiean of Norwich, to Mifs Dei-bylbire« 

15. At Saliibury-green, James Stark, efq* 
of Kingfdale, to Mifs Margaret 'Aiexandef 
Dick, younged daughter of Che late Sir Alex. 
D. bart. of Preflonfield. 

At Duffield, near Derby, John Edwia Bi£* 
coe, efq. to ^Ii^s E. Braddiaw, daugluer «if 
Joftph BaggeUy B.efq. of Holbrouke. 

Rev. Jam?s Webfter, to ^^ifs Gillard, oalf 
daugh. of Tho. G. efq. of Yarde, 00. Devon. 

16. At Lichfield, Major William-Chartei 
Madan, fon of tho Bifhop of Bridol, to Midi 
Falconer, daughter of the Rev. Dt, F. uf the 
Clofo, Lichfield. 

17. Rev. Tho. Butler, of the Univerfiiy of 
Cambridge, to Mifs Scout, of Lancifter. 

a I. Ac Peterborough, Levett lhbe:fon.efq. 
te Mifs Landen, only djiii^htorof the UieJii. 
L. efq. uf MiUon, ncur chti (ame place. 

.'\t \\x. feat of Lord H.irewo^J, in York* 
fhire, H*nry Junes, efq. to Mifs DavifoUf 
eKlcli da-.ighter of Dr. D. of J^eds. 

22. At M irwich, J'thn Bnckle, efq. al* 
derman of Mancmft ward, lo Mifs Do Hague, 
daughter of Hie late Town clerk of tliat city. 

24. At Gj^avefuiid, .Mr. Chprles BeckuCt, 
brewer, to Mifs Anne*Hli2.iborh Rogers^ 
daughter of Henry- Thomas K. cf4|. 

At Rridlingtoi), John Staniforth, efq. of 
New Broad'Oreet ft-jildinj-, to Mifs Pitts^ 
of Bndlington-quay. 

Mr. Stephen Gniombridge, wholefale li« 
nen-draper, in Well Smlthfirld. lo MiH 
Treacher, niece of Sir John f. of Oxford. 

Dkatns. 

1792* A ^ Lund, in Sweden, a;;ed 74, 
hUnh xT.jf\ Ki!iat\ SioSacus, M.D. pio« 
felTor «>f midw'itcry. 

Oi\. 7. AC his domain of G unfit in-h^I^ 
in Fairfax c;)Untv, Virp.in'ia, in ti.e 67Ui 
year of bis age, CA» C cargo Ma Ton. The 
following is an extract TPnti his will : — '* I 
recommend it to my fons, from my cxpeii^ 
ence in life, to prefer the happinels aad ia< 
dept ndenct of e pfiyafio lUtioa xa the tro'i- 



-^ Otittunj of cM/uUratli Ptrfim ; witb BUgr^pbUal Jnecdttit. [Jan* 

b\e<: and vexation oT public hufincfs { but if returns have been ever fincf. To fireqiMOt lod 
either their own inclinations, or ihe neceflUy violent, that he lus for the TjUI ten yean of 
of the times, fliould engage them in public his life been almoft totally deprived of tb0> 
affiiirsy \ charge them, on a Tuber's blc(Ting» ufe of his hmbei ; yet, fw cultivated was hi* 
never let the motive of private intereft, or uhJerrtatiding, fo incomparable his Cemper» 
ambition, induce (hem to betray, nor the tcr- fo waim his piety, fo fteady his refignaiioni 
rors of poverty and dirt;i'nce, or the fear of that confinemt^ut feemed lo lofe its biigiion, 
danger or death, deter ihem from afferting, and difeafo its furrows. A fnigle inftance bal 
the liberty of their countrv, and endeavour- perhaps fcldom appeared, wliich nnore com- 
ing to tr.mfmit to their podciity thofe facred plctcly evinced how ineftimahle are the plea- 
rights to which themfeWes weie bom." furc^ which may be obtained from the mind, 
Nw, 7. At Perth, Mr. David Smith. how powerful are the comforts which may 
30. Aged ^o, J:ick.fon Hernan, efq. of be derived from religiuu. A fchdar. a corn- 
Great Sufiblk-Aieet, Ctiaring-crofs, the panion, a friend, a &ther, an hulband, a mi- 
eldeft fon of the late Mr. H. formerly an nil^cr of the gofpel, in all the fc relations ht 
•;iiinent apothecary tiMi e. He had been af- with reafon was admired, beloved, and va- 
fCicked with ai> afthniatical complaint for forae lued. Wit without dl-natiu%, learning with* 
weeks, and was advifed by his phyfizian to out pedantry, mirth without folly, devotion 
clvinge his climate f<ir tlie winter. T his ad- without gloom, and viitne without aufterity, 
vice was fo unwelcome to him that he in- thefe \s ill be long remembered and regretted 
ftantly refolved to deflroy himfelf, and he by all who had the luppioefs of his acquaia- 
ihoi himfeU thrmigh the head ; the hull en- taiKe; and fcxiety has U.fi a liviog teAiraony 
tered below the right templt', and paflins out to tfte pi:aClical value of tlie <lo£trinei i>f 
!^ the crown of tlie I'xail it penetrated the Chriflianity, which was t(h> (Iriking fiir tfas 
wainfcot of the room ; he was not for fome mod cnrr!e1$ nut to remark, and too mieqiii- 
hours deprived of reafon ; h:s fenfes then left vocal for the mof\ penetruing and fcepticil 
him t ho launuiflied in .ill near 24 lumrs oKfervcrs of human condudl not to ackooir- 
and died. He alfohad been brought up to the ledge and revere. The admirers of Bp Tay- 
profefllon of phyfic, and had dcclineid prac- hvr will lameut that the above gentleman bat 
tice fome years. He was of mdd, gentle man- pnd^^bly lH.t:n prevented by death from lay* 
nen:, aitd much rcfpeAed. in^ beiVire them feveral paiiicniars which he 
Die, 24. At Winchefter, n^ed 30, Ignatius h:ul ludleAed refpedling the ttie life and wri- 
Geoha^n, efq. only fon of Ignatius G. efq. ting&of that emiiKnt prelate. Seep. 17. 
of Soho-fquare, by Antonina, one of the five x8. Mr. John Gr.\y, fecrctary to Che Weft- 
daughters of John Coibet, efq. LL. D. of minlter general difpcnfary. 
Higham -place, formerly of the county of Sa- Litefyf at Poi^tiefSjof grUf and poverty, M. 
lop, by Elizabeth, only fiHer and lieirefs of Co)'pe1, who had fled thither fn»n democn* 
of the Late Sir Hewit Aucher, bart. of High- tic rage, in an advanced llage of life, and 
am place aforefaid. Mr. G. uas end<iweil from affluence was reduced to extien^^ pe- 
with uncommon talentSy.hc h.id many amiable nury. He was of Uie f.mily of the celebrated 
qualities blended with a wild and romaittic Anthony Coypel, paintei of tlui fubCme 
mind. His mufical abilities were'vcry extraoi- piece, " Fame writingthe Lifeof L<Miis X4 V." 
dinaryi he could execlon any indrumem in Mrs. Fowler, wife of ihe Ardibiihop oC 
half as liule time as a middling performer DubUn. 

could learn his gamut. Having fome tern- In Harcourt-ftreer, Dublin, Colonel Jolm 

porary difference with his reUitions, lie re- Keane, M. P. in the Irifli parliament for llie 

folved, in one of his eccentric humours, to borough of Bangor in Ireland, 

marry, and took an amiable girl, tlie diu:gh- M ColleiTie, in Fifefhire, aged 108, Tho. 

cer of a tradefman in Dublin, about fevcn Garrick. A few mentlis before he' died he 

years ago ; flic was warned of his difpofition ; was in t he habit of walkinfc a mile a-day frsm 

lie fdon left her, bult in due time Ihe bore hU houfe ; and in liis 99ih year married a 

bim a fon, who, it is faid^ (hews aid) a won- thud wife 

fferfol genius for mufic Mr. G. was of a At Partney, co. Lincoln, aged 13, William 

delicate confUtutkm, and, for the (ake of Graves Johnfon, fon of Dr. J. of that place, 

health, fpent mudi of his time on the conti- and fecond coulin, or a near relation, of Jof. 

tient, generally in Switzerland ; be was fen- Noble, efq. banker, late of Melton Mowbray. 

Able of his levities and imprudence, and met Rev. C. Sowermire, rector of Cumber* 

his diflblutioa with a cool and penitent refif- worth, in the Well riding of Yorkihire. 

nati.tn- At his chambers m G ray's- inn, aged a4, 

16. At Caoterbury, agtd 67, Mr. Wil- Samuel Gott, efq. barhfter at law, third foo 

liem Adams. of ^ii' Henry G. of Newl.mds, near Chalfenc 

At Liverpool, of agradital decay of the vi- St. Giles; a young gentleman of very pro- 

tal powers, aged s^i <^c ^*^ Ralph Nichol* mifmg abilities and mod amiable difpofition. 

ioa, formerly a fellow of Brazen Kofe col- At Rocliefter, George Hicks, M.D. of Sf. 

kge, Oxford, and redbirof Dudcoce, Berks. James's palace, member of llie Royal College 

Tiiis amiable and excellent nun was ftrft at- of Phyficians, and phyficlan to the AXylum 

teekaed by cue soot at the age of 301 and iti and We(t.iiinller iafinnary. 

' «£ 



OUttunj $f i^nfidtrahU Perfins ; with Biographical jfneeAtis. 9 ^ 



iolent fever, Mr. Brett^ clJcft fur- 
a of Mrs. B. lallow- chandler at 
^.Herts. 

nlivich, ca Worcefter, EJw. Ce.ir- 
. a ne;ir rebtion of thr Knrriller. 
lircht wiitow of Rev. John Nev.lle 
Rnghsnif co. Lincoln, 
f lamenteiS aged 8 j» Mrs. Rence, of 
, o. Suffolk,. 

lingtield, aged t)7, Mrs. Elizabeth 
She was t!ie mother of 12 chit-.^ren ; 
J and daughtcrs-in-iaw> 77 grand - 
tnd 117 grtat grandchildren. 
Ihurl^, Mrs.Robfon, widow of Rev. 
.. rector of Sieadh.im and Heylhoc, 
•il'in, in that n-ighhoi«rhoovK 
cciiill, near Eilefmere, aged 77, 
(Hnftim, f>rroer}y known by the 
die Mooeland Boy, or Shroplhire 
He w:t< remarkably adlive for his 
a furitrifiiig height, hit coffin mea- 
wet X inciitis inftde. 
r old ma* I, ngcd near 8o, who fome 
X bur.ed two fons, who had been 
near Peele, in the Ifle of Man. 
g, n kw d.iys ago, acrofs the Rug- 
itains from vifiting their graves, ti»e 
>eath arretted him in his pntgref*:. 
afoi'dy CO. Lincoln, in an advanced 
to Fen wick. She died worth np- 
at40ol. the greateft part of which 
equeathed to public chanties. 
>hn Handy, the artift who executed 
red typ<rs i*f clit Iat« celebrated Mr. 
He; and wlio, for the lafl la year.s, 
erially atTifled in the eftabliftimciit 
refcnt cftccmed lelter-fouudery of 
aney, of Birmiu&ham. 
*owcr, filler to Richard P. efq. of 
re, CO. Waterford. 
th, Mrs. Tyadale; reliA of Geo. T. 
riftol. 

ironfhire-buildings, Bath» Mrs.Vigor^ 
f Rob. V. efq. of Briftol. 
seii's-row, Chelfea, James Cole, efq. 
jchard Wade, oilman, in St. Paul s 
aid. 

t Payne, eiq. of Gower-dreet. 
yoM, I. At Lyons in Fn^nce. Jof. 
efq. fecoiid Ton of the Uie Michael 
»f MapV:-Durham, co. Oxford. 
Vm. Reynolds Highmorc, coal*mer- 
ear London-b; idge. 
Frankfort, of the wounds be re- 
n the ad of December, at t!ie re- 
f that city, Prince Charles of Helfe- 
ihl. 

Liege^ Sir Alex. Strachan, hart. 
Ildbury hall, nenr Atherftone, in 
ity of Warwick, in his 48ih year, 
d Fanner Okeover, efq. a lineal dc- 
of an antient family of tlie Okeo- 
Okeovcr, in Sc^tifinllhire, the pt:di- 
wliom may be fecii id Eidefwick's 
i Staf!i>ri!fhire ; he was twice mar- 
t, to Mifs Langllon, daughter of 
L. L. ciq. tanker, London, and fiitcr 



I 



to John L. efq. member of Paiiiament for 
Bridge wattr, in Somcrfetlhire, liy whom he 
liaJ ilfiie two fnns, the e*deft now livings 
nnd (he youngefl the unfortunate young gen- 
tleman who died in N»v. iaft at Eton, by 
the fever which broke uiit at fchool there, 
(f-c the Obituary forth a month vol. LXU* 
p. 1 061). Tlie (hock wh ch he felt at thit 
afII;5lion, fri>m his great atfo^ion for hit 
children, is fupp«ifed to have haftened his 
own death. He married for his fecond wife 
iiJiih, third daughter of William Robinfnn, 
ite of Hill Ridv^'aie, in the county of Staf- 
ford, efq. deceafed, and widow of John Hol- 
de:i, jun. late of Shepey h.4l, in the ccninty 
of Lcicelter, efq. deceafe«i, by whom he had ' 
i'.Vue one fon. His extcnfive charity and 
CtiriPiian benevolence rendered him an ob« 
je^t of general ref^^e^t and efteem ; in him 
ttie poor Juiew their friend who liberally 
relieved their wants The writer of thisy 
from a thorough knowledge of him, confi- 
ders it but juftice to aJd, he was a kind 
relation, a fmcere friend, and cliearful com^ 
p.uiion. His remains were intenretl in tht 
family vault at Manceter, in Warwickfhire, 
on Saturday January la.—A beautiful view 
of Mr. Okeover's fiat feat at Oldbury has 
lately been prefented to the puhlick in Mr. 
Bartleit's •* Hiftory of Manceter.** 

Mrs. Buckwoith, wife of fheophilus B* 
efq. of Spalding, co. Lincoln. 

in his 3td year, at his father's houfe ^ 
Hackney, after a lingering ilkieftt, which he 
bore with the utmoft refig'iation, Mr. Geda- 
liah Cttfield, junior j for his amiahleoefs of 
manners very dererv<M]ly beWived by n\\ his 
acquaintance, and imcerely regretted by all 
wlu) knew him ftir his benignity of heart. 

At Straifurd-green, co. Ellex, Diederich 
Wackei bath, efq. 

4. Mr. Thomas Clapton, apothecary, of 
Great Queen (Ireet, Wenrainfler. 

At an advanced age. Major-general Col* 
lins, late commandant of the Plymouth divi- 
iion of marines. 

In Brompton-grove, the Hon. Francis 
TwifletonThompfon, uncle to Lord Say and 
Sele. He died fuddenly at the door of his 
h«ufe, and with this remarkable exclama* 
ti<Ni : ** I faw it as 1 cirne along, but I 
thought I (hould be here before it.'* Imme- 
diately upon uttering which, he fell dead ac 
the feet of bis fervanL 

At Bath, after only two days illnefs. Hoi- 
land Cookfey, efq. of Brace's Leigh, co« 
WorccHer, and father of Rxh. C. t:U\. who 
incurred the cenfure of the Houfe of Lords 
for hib letter to lord Coventry. See vol. LXU. 
pp. 7*6, 727, S19. 

At Haleiworih, in Suffolk, Mr. Robert 
Reeve, brewers in whom the \yoot liave lo(t 
a valuable fi ieiid, his familv a kind and m» 
diligent pirent, and whofe jmblic andpriv.ite 
clMr.tiler will ever be efteemed. 

Mrs. Buckiield, wife of Mr. B, fiu|;eoa, 
of Derb)'. 



9 % Obituary of {onjidsrahle Pirfins ; with Biographical Atuciottu [ 

?. At Lincoln, in hi^ 63th year, tbe Rev. however, at any time his duty woul 

Joim Gord<»n| D.D. F.S. A. precentor and fufFer him to be Almt, whiif^ the pui 

arctidcacon of Lincoln, and redlor of Hen- hir> o^vn clur.t^er ad^ed weigl>c 'o 

ftcad in the county of SnfFolL; hiRhly Uif- thing he faid, helo tempcrci' the fcfr 

tiiiguiihed hy Aroni; natur.il aSilitie^, an ri*pr()of with the miU!ncr$ of Chiiltian 

eminent fdwlar, a (irccre Cliri*\inn, ai'^d a ty, that he wes refpeded by a>l,w 

good man. He had been vifibly declining giving offt nee to an\ . As a refii'enti; 

ir\ hs he.dth for above a yrar, during which the church at Lincoln, his condudl \ 

time he had two or three f^lntiiig tits. A- le s ufeful and exemplary. Hi$ ohligati 

bout two m'Mitlis ago, after having attended the bifhop he repaid to the church, by h 

church, and t'lken his mnrnlng wa'kt he dui^y in cotidufting tbe repairs and im| 

was attacked by the fevered and the laft of ments of t\it f;ib> ic under the dtreA 

themi (heeffbdisof which on his intelleds the late Mr. Ellex of Ca>T>bri('ge. A 

continued the laft five weeks of his life, wiih- the fame time tha' he difcharged with 

our ho,"es of a recovery, his difoider being a Inr fidelity his pn^ffflion-d dniies, his fic 

4: ■ pfy in hi« bread. Dr. G. was born at Whit- tafte in Gcithic architecture gaic bi 

i%orth, in the county of Durhnm, in the latter many advan':'geou<: and highly ornai 

end of the year 1715, and received hi^cduca- improvements in that cathedral» uhi 

tion at the grammar-fclwol at Durham, under uniformly watched over with reve 

Mr. D'^ugworih, one of the firft fcholais of care, ft i«! not 'the 'nient of this narr.i 

that time. The great |)i*oficiency hehsie rec ,rd the viiiues of hisprivuttf liTc, r 

rnade inclaffici'l learning difplaycditfclf very deed would it be Oiify to recount the 

c^ly in his 3c;idemic») career, which com- exicllrv.crs of this kind which adorn 

menced in the fpring t»f the year 1 745. He clwi n-flir. Suffice i: to fay, t; i.-tt the < 

was admitted of Pctethuufc, Cambridge; but, has loit a>i able fupfiort, and mie 

on a controverted ele^lio -, the fide ou which g' eatc it ornaments ; the p(x>r a real 

he voted fading af fucccis, he removed to »nd mod kind benefactor; on that fubj 

£manuel college, wliere he proceedeil A. B. c^nntjy round h.«s baton** voice. He wj 

X748, A.M. 1752* S.T.P. 176^, and tif derly attached to all ihoie u horn he y 

which focieiy he afterwards became fellow, j;jtcd to, remaik:;ble for his hberal 1h 

and refided there till he was prff''i)tcd lity tomen of all miiksand drrcnprinn 

by liicm to the icdory of Hcuflrad, univeiTally the friend of his feilow-cie: 

which vacstetl his rellowfbip. In t'ltf year Ue was buried, hy his lady, in ihc 

xndif June u, he married Ai.nc, daugiJcr .jle of the choir, on the i2ih indant* 

Ol tlie Rev. Dr. Pig'iton of Ncwmnikt*, trn in the moining, with full choir fi 

and widow of Dr. J r/'-p Williams, formerly all the cWgy in the town attending, 

public orator of th» univ- : fity of dmbridsif, D«j;in u-id the fervice ; and there was ( 

4;)d rcdor of Bi'.now, Suffolk, who died Iv n .'ry tye ii the cntliedral. ■ It is m 

1761, leaving two dauchter*:. 0\\ this ■ c- here-., v eJtl-.Jt a man fo fLigularly ei 

cafvn Dr. G. had offered hinifdf a candit'i- cd, i.il 1 mc\\ amiable dilpoi.non?, 

for I tie oiaror's | l..ce, in comp^^tition wiiii niv'..irl^ar.di;,;; io higlily cul'.ivated, 

tl\e late Dr. iiarfurd who olu;iined it. Afier not luvt; .cfi bclitul l.;m more proilud 

his m;<rri.ige he 1 elided in the town of Cam- his psn to b ar Kltui-otiy to the gnoil 

Kridge. In the year 176^, lie w.is appointed hi; l:'.;ul ;ind hcut. One of his fird 

fhaplainto Dr. John Gretn, then bilhop of cations was a ticarile in two part? 

Lincoln. By the fncudlhip.'indp^itionageoft'iis lu'.ed. ** \ New Edima'e of Manne 

lcarnedpielaielww.ispiomoicdfi»ctKrti«eIyfo Pii Kicks' pnhlifhrd in the year i76« 

thearclulearrnr)' »f Bucks, the arfhde.icunry much ai tiiiiTit ux ri-r time fer the drei; 

o( Lincoln, .md ihc precemorlhip of f jnroln. .ti gnnirtit aM genuine wit with it was 

the two I.\lt of which he ht id till the time of ten, niKwithitanding it gave a prefert 

his death. His exemplary condt:^ in thefe the m'«le»n«i ova' ihe aniicnr* On thi 

im(K)rt:i;it fitualu^n? »vill long be iemvnibei\d conte'l for theliii h iUwar<*(hip of tlw u 

to his honour by all wl»o had any op)K>itu' fuy of C.^mhndge. 176,^, he puhlifV.cd 

nity of obfei ving it. In iri> archidiaconal cha- AddrcL to the ."Mcnibcry of the Senate 

ra^tjr he was ever attentive to ihc calK of Univcrfiiy of Cambridge, on an Attenti 

iluiy J anxious to piomute the glory of God to Woi ih of Charadi r from a Religiou 

by a carehd Hiteuiioii to the impnivcmctit of cty, w t'.i a vic»v to the enfulng fclefl 

the pUces fct' apart for his worthip, ;tnd High Sicwnrl ; to which is added, a 

warchhd fi»r the good of the clergy p'.iced from Mr Jolcph Mcde, formerly of C 

moKe immediately within his jurifdi^lion. College, ('p m y manuscript m the H; 

And, though no ojie could fet a m^rc Collection, f. 911) saving a very pari 

drikin; example of propriety in his own Account of th«; Circiimdjrces attendi 

tfinduil, or more deailily difcovinren;inced Duke of Kuckln^.i.m's tlccliou in 

every marked or gUi ing deviation from the Chailesthtr I'.rft's Timi, by a Mai 

iide of right in, the cleiical charadler, he Arts ivP4" ile alfo puhlifhed a fi:i 

was not rigid iu trifles, but always Icfs in- mons ; one beh>re the Goveinors of A 

fliatd to Mnfurc than comineu4. Wh«ni hrol^e'sbofpicalatCjUQbridgpf X767ii 



^ 



J 793* ] Obituary tfanfidirahU Ptr/ont \ with BUgtaph'ual AmedMSm ^ 



brother of the prefent Sir John Stewart, bai C 
of Cafttrlmilk. 

At Ch<-trenham, co. Gloiiceflery John De- 
Inbere, efq. in tlie cumnaillion of the peac« 
for that ciJimty. 

Ill Manchefler-ffreet, f.fanchefterfquaret 
Jof. Wiuler, j»in. cfq. Lite ftf Trinity Col* 
lege, CanibriJ^c. 

It. Ofadropfr, Mrs. Sufannah Warren* 
widow; nnJ, in alwut ig hours after, af a 
decline, her fifler. Mi?. Rebecca Luca«^ 
wife oi Henry L. efq. b:.rriller at law, uf 
C harlot te-i^reet, Rmhbone-|ilace. The fe* 
vrriry of thr (Irokc, aod fingrJarity of the 
c.-.fe^ nccafionfd the two hearfes to be at* 
Franks. A \^*^ p^r: cl^ara^f^aifed her vx- tended by a great concourfe of people^ who 
cdlence in cr^nipolVinii, intended lu re:«ch faw them dcptfitovl intl'*e famegraTei iatho 
the h*jn, by cMlfnj; her " a fecond Sapi>hu, new bnrying-gror.n:i of St. James, 
with a purer flame.' Rev. J')fep?i WhiitinRham, M.A. 35 years 

Mr. William Dampieri many years apo- vicaruf Bille.don, cu. Leic. andfaithfalinthtt 
theciry of-. St. George s hofpital, near Hyde* difkharge of all duties. He was well refpcA^ 
paik corner. by his friends, and tlit poor liave loll a kind 

Mr. Diiranci, of Drury-ianr theatre. and generotjs benefactor. 

6. Of a fever, after a ly ins-in, N! rs. B^tfon, i ^. At Brighthelmf tone, whither he went 



cQnd,onhisMajefty*sarce(lion, i77i> treat- 
iof on the fuhjcet of ** ObetUedce to thofe in 
AnriwntT," nnrk< in (troiig cnlours that inie 
fpirit of loyalty and a'.'.achnnent to tlic condi- 
ndoa vhich d*(liiigii.fhed the writer throvigh 
Ihewholec^turfcof hisli^c; and,th»\*g') writ- 
ten more iha^i nn« and twenty y«a: s a^o, 
ooocaias principles and reafoning* admirably 
olculdtrd to check the fatHious fpii it of (he 
dfaflcAed in the prefent tUii?. The third 
" On the Caufes and Confequences of evil 
^cakinj;/' 1771. 

At Miltefoenti in Trelaid, Mrs. GriiHth, 
reliAof Rich. G. eiq. and ju:n: author, witli 
trim, of the Letters br:twejn Henry a: id 



wife of Mr. John B. an Kminent uphollt<:rer 
■ul auAioiie^r, of St. M.vgarec's Bank, IV)- 
diefler, and daughter of Mr. Alderman >ii- 
cMfuOyofihatcity. 

8. At her Inilgings at Bath, aged 57» Je- 
mima Robinfon. wi^e of Henry R. oif Bury 
St Edmonils, Suffolk. 

At Langton, near Spilfby in Liocolnfhire, 



for the recovery of his health, John Tempel^^ 
efq. foil anc' heir of John T. efq. M. P. for 
the city of D-jrham. 

Nicholas i'axton, efq. who had been forty 
years in the Exchequer. 

Mr. Edw. Drury, formerly ke<»pcr of the 
Antw-yi p t.iveni, nfar the Royal Exchange. 

At Salcomb- home, near Sidmouth, Mrs. 



aged 8r, Mrs. Langtoti, relift of Ben^ict L. Brutton, w<fe of Rev. Mr. B. late of F.xeter. 

of Line con, efq. and eUie(\ daughter of the 14. Suddenly, at his feat at Eth, near 

Ctke late Late Edmnnd I'lunor, ofSt^)keRo«h- Loftuithlel, Andrew Qiiicke* efq.; a gen« 

ffardtco. Lincoln, efq. S!ie lefk ilfue one ion, tleman grraily refpe^d by all who liad the 

BeaofeC L. efq. LL.D. the friend of John- pleafore of his acquaintance. 

fon, and one daoghter, ni.irried to Che Rev. fu aw advanced a.e, Rev. Tobias Rn(lat| 

R(iienUved>de, D.D. of Stiuii:n. co. Suffolk 

After a very lont; illnefs, aged 72, Mrs. Ac her hrotjier's hcufe, in the Minories, 

Anne Bifhop, mother of Chailes B. efq. of Mrs. Jane Kout^uet. 

DuftiNS C«)m'^mons. Mr> Jackfon, wife of J;ime< J. efq of St. 

]o. Aged 80 y Mrs. Elii. Hall, of Alder- George's in the £&[t, vtrA niece to Sir Joha 

maniniry-Pott' rn. Henniker, b:irt. 

In Silk-itreet, Grub^Oreet, Mr. Thomas 15. In his 66ch ye.ir, Wm. Hnrft,. efq* 



Sdky, upwards of 33 years a clerk in tlie 
Bink nf England. 

At BUcktieath, Chriitopher Horsfall, efq. 
btt lieiiten<<m colonel of the 58th reg. 

In Miifcnvy -amrt, Great lower- hdl, 
Tlmtnas Haker^efq. 



of Hinckiey, co. Leiccfter, a gentleman of 
re-.il re fne^ ability. He ferved the office 
of high Oieriff in 1778, and was a deputy 
lieurcnant and juftice ot the peace for that 
countv. 

Af rr a life of piety and benevolence, Mrs. 



At KingltoQ, Surrey, aged 86, John Har- Giffard, i\\t much rei'peded wife of the Rev, 



rifon, efq. 

At Exeter, aged 75,Wm. Kennau-ay.erq. 
arefpeAablv merchant of that city, aod fa- 
ther <il Sir Jtihn K. of Hydrab^d, in the 
Eaillndiei. 

In an advanced age, Mrs. M>ry Rulloi-k, 
ftlift.uf Mr. Wm- B. of Mellis, co. Sot- 



Richard G. of l^otlield, near Dciby. 

At Newton Stewait, Cape. Jamear Max* 
well, late of the 46th rc^gimer.t. 

17 At her Father's houfe at Tewing, aged 
19, Mifs Anne Louifa Schrciber, youngeft 
datTghter of O. S. e(q. in conTcquence of the 
iniories i*eceived by hei c'.othes taking fire 



falk ; a la»fy remarkable for piety, chearfol- av (he was putting up foir.e p.iinf.n-^s over the 

im6i and fMeetnrifsuf temper, and for bene- chimney of lie r apirtmcnt on the 3d inft. 

folajce, temierneO, and grnerofity of heir t. and on the i4Lh flic was depofitcd in the fa- 

If. Much l.-imeoied hy all her fri''ods, niily vault at Enhcld. 

Mrs. Mary N ale, of Upp«r Seymour-itn-et, At B.tli, William ChaiHiv Grove, efq. of 

Fariinan-fqiiare. Ztal's-houfe, Wilts. 

At Langf^de, ne.ir Glafgow, Fran. Stiurt At Offley, co. Uert9, aged So, Thomas 

Cnwfiinl, efg. of Milton^ fea of the Ut« .ind Sheppard^ cCq. 



94 \OHtitary 9ftonJidirahU firfin$\ with Bhgraphical Aiucdolet. [Jan. 

At Penpound, Abergfavenny, Sir-Jamsi tlocelTors; but, in fifV, there was not atf- 

HArrinRton, bare. He is fucceeJcd \\\ title nunicprmctple in his charaAer, which over^ 

by hi3 fon, john-Ed'-.Vdrd H.cfq. colleclor of flov^od with benevolence and pa:crnal atlec* 

the revenues of Moorlhcdabad, in Bengal. tidu for his |>eople. (Sen an account of this 

Mifc K'^rby, of Upper Berkcley-flrcet, diabolical nnanler in p. 85). 
Portman-iciUtire. Wru. Audini M.D. of CeciUftreet, in the 

At Sfiareftors-hn'.l, co. Leicc(ler, Mifs S^r.^nl^, one of the phyficinnf: of St. Bartholo- 

Maria CharneU. A firtcr furvives her, and mevv*s hofpital. Of fuch Ikill and knowlet^ 

is the only one remaining of a name wl.ich ^^•^^i ihf? l)i>6lor in h»? profelfion, .uid of man* 

ha^, from t'.-.e eatliefl perioJs of hiftoiy, been n-' «; f > nrh.rfi'.*, and refpedabiJity fn great la 

eminent in that c- wntv. lii?. prirAic chamber, that, whc^i his intsn- 

In Garden-row, Chelfea, Mr. Aaron Fer- tion t(» cp»it OxtorJ was Unown, he received 

nandez da Silva; who, with his ferv.iiit, the offier oF i zcol. a-yeai , if he would rv 

Mary WilMams, were iiihiunanly mciUered lincpiiOi the i<lea. I he Do^^or, howeveTp 

(fee p. S?). dcciincii an ortv;r fo crcd-.ta^^le to the Univer- 

18. Mr. Charles Hougham, of Alderfgate- fity and Ivinifelf, aiul cime lu Londuni wliere 
ftreet, goldfmith. he fettled :is a prac\iiion*r, and fuccecded fo 

At Kirkcaldy, Andrew Cowan, cfq. mer- cm«ncHrly, that the yearly pninrsof his pro- 
chant, and provoft of that burgb. felTioiul attendance are faid to have been up* 

19. At Florence, Ttiomas Pitt Lord Ca- wards of 4no'>l. 

melf(ird. Baron Kocconoc, in the county of At Appleby, in WefVmorland, Jeremiah 
Cornwall; b*>m Mnrcli 3f 1737J married, Roblnfoo, efq. barrillcr at law, -recorder d 
Jtily 29, 1774, Anne, d.iughter and coheirefs the borough of Anpjeby, and one of the 
of Pinkney Wilkinfon, efij. of Burnham, co. benchers of Gray'* inn. 
Korfilk ; hy whom he lias left iffue Tho- At Gre.ii Wigftmi, co. Leicefter, after J 
mi^, now Lord Camelfoni, anci Anne, the long and piinful illnefs, Mr. John Rnrgeffi I 
piefent Lady Grenville. His Lord(hip wai welUknou-n, wonhy, and refi)e^ble iiicai< 
lirft coufin to the Earl of Chatham and bcrof die people callnlQnnkers. 
Mr. Pitt. a a. At her hoofe on brook-green, Ham 

, Jofep^i Townfend,efq. of Woodcnd, Great mcrfmith, in her 8oth year, Mn. Mathtws. 
MarliKv, Bucks. 23. Capt. de Burgh, of tlie ifl regiment c 

Mr. Thomas Birkett, merchant and dry- guards, only fon of Fyfh de B. eiq. of Wd 
faUc'-, Old Swan-A^airs, London-bridge. Dr;;yton, co. Middlcfex. 

ao. At Forty.hill, £nfi<ld, aftmr a long At Ii,iyrwater-houre,aged85, JohnTayloi 
illnefs, borne with uncommon fortitude and efq of Pai'dinston green. 
rcfi,;n:tt;oM, Richaid Price, efq. a refpc^ible At Bayfwarer-hall, Mrs. Kennedy, Ion 
cnenil'cr of the Bombay civil eftablifhrnent. known in the theatrical world as a celebrate 
lie y^*i buried at Enfield on the 26th ind. fmger. 

At Hertford, Mrs. Carr, wifeof Dr. Cthe At Bath, Carew Sanders, efq.of Croydoi 
Tery marterly tranfla.^or of Lucian. in Surrey. 

21. His Most Christian Majesty At h.ilfpaA five o'clock, at his houfe in Bet 

Louts thf. Sixtk enth. Born Aug. 25, court, Mo«>rfi Ids Mr. Mendei, the nepl'.cr 

1754, he was J9 years old. He began his of thel.iie Mr Silva, of Chelfe.i. He w 

reign May 10, 1774; was driven from the cxam-ned at Kow-llrect, as ftated p. 85, < 

.Thuillerie?, Aug. 10, 170'; thrown into fufpicion, and diimiifed on the evidence 

prif«n on the T4th, and dethroned Sept. 22 r< pit.tble witnelfes th-it be was i!i Moo 

following. He had reigned 18 years and j ficUI?: at the time the murder was comreittc 

months. —Th.'it this death is one of tlie mod Tins following circumAances have finco a 

atrocious a6ts that ever difgraccd the annals |>eAred. — A pot-boy had obferved a m 

of the wtirld ; tliar the manner in which it with a brown great-coat, endeavouring 

v^jin perpetrated, with all t'e circumftanccs <)|>en the outer gale of tl»c iKMife, withafm 

H'roci.ted to the hornd catttrtrophe, agg'-a- bundle in his h.»nd. Men. I a, the nephe* 

▼a:eb the guilt; and that the rulit'g men* in received notice uf his uncle's ileath on Thai 

France are moi>ftei$, fuch as civlliz«rd f«»ciety day niiht, as he faid, and not before, hut < 

never yet beheld: ate opini()n<i ^vhidi the nvt defcribe who gave him the tnelligrn 

iplcndid fenfeof Judice, and the bmigii fpi- Picviou5 to his examinat:on, he dirccnirl 

Tit of Humanity, that furm the glorittut :ind with the pnt hoy, w1k> !iad obferve4i a ni 

elcvaring diflinAion i*f the Britilh perple, at hi^ uncle s door, queftioned him as to 1 

will imprefi o \ every m»nd tiiroue'><»ui our ci lour and fort of gre..t-C(iat, and of&retl h 

hippy couiuiy. Tlx virtue- of thi-i umnUr- half a crnwn ■ for his defcriptioii ; but, 

cd King were his ruin. He hu> fulTcic*! f<»r f- irndly expoltnlation, the gift was recall 

having been atyr<ViL; urd, liad Ivc been a Swhfequent (o his relenfe, it has been UiCi 

!vr.''nr, he wouUl no: li.i.e fuflcrcd. lie vered that M-'iule? had converted with 

would tlien luvc procct'i'cd in that career of acqiiaint.^nce in l'i»?et- market, at fialfp 

Mnccntrouled fovcreigniy, :;nd have com- ten on U'edneulay moinmg, with a fowl 

fnnnded a continuance of tiiat fubmifTioji, hishand,fuying, iliai '*it wouldmtk^ a£< 

vrbich wailed upon the will of his royal pre- broili"* and be was going co eat it wi 

^ in 



I?93.] Ohituary.'^Pricu of Grain, — BUI fif Afortality. 



fncDi! in Che conntiy. He has fince been 

wJh Che fame peKon, aiid converfcd with 

hio ihiui the imcertninty as t > rhe day of 

Ceir previous coaverf.tiiun rwfpc^tiiiK the 

fcwl| Mexulez fnpimfiitg it Co be ftmrUiey, 

lhfurtierinfiflinj( th.«C it was cmi Weiinef- 

daf ; but there has been no accMint 2'vrn 

asibwKaC afterwanls hecarrie of thtt fowl. 

A diikl of Meiitiez w« burie<l on Tvieubv \ 

1 00 its going for interment, Memlerz oi>fcr- 

^ i«I, that he (houM not he long after it. 

On iti being menticNied to hkn the (fher 

itf lh3t he would probably be re-:4ppre- 

bndedy he ftid, *« Let them come, I aoi 

prepmrd for Uiem.*' He was, however, 

feeniinglf very well on Tuefifay cTcniiig at 

ftwB and fix o'clock conveiftng wiih hcs 

■dghbouTi in MoorfieUs witliout difcovcr- 

iosaay difference from hist ufual conUui^. 

He died on We«.'ntffday morning without :tuy 

frmpcoms of external or intci nal vlo'e ice. 

Mr. Langley, hi« anorh''cary, has given his 

epinioo, tiiac the death of Mvndez was o:- 

•afiontd bf the vifitatii q of God ; the caufe 

an apDp(c6t<c fit, or the bnrfting of a blood 

velM in the bend. He bss left a wife and 

turo or three children. His body tias fince 

b«n opened :tnd examined, when nearly h?.!f 

a pint <if while arfenicwts fbtmd in hisbO'JY ; 

«\«b-ch tlie Coroner found a vtrdidt, Ftlo 

dijei and lie lus been buried in the ht^h' 

way at Cheifea. 



. 95 

15. At Tunbriilge- wells, Walter Scotc, 
efq. of il.ifden. 

At his houfe in Hoi(ic1d-ro:U« near Bnf* 
tol, in his 7rlh yc.sr, Wm. HariViOg, efq. a 
captain in the Chuth.tiii divifuni 01' 'nji'inc:>., 

a6. Very fuJiieniy, at lii< homeia Worm- 
wod-ftreet, Mr. 'John N-wKold, coach* 
f(*under» and prim: u an.en of tlie Founders 
Company. Me hnd been p.iylng lus mcu» 
and afterwards fat down to l-.ipp?r, wh:ch 
he wxtt with eveiy appearance of being in good 
henich. 

At her h'lufe in Q^ieen Anre-ilreet, Ca- 
venJiOi fqHaie, m')ft fmc-rcly rej^tttod by 
all who kuew her, Mts. Well, widow of 
Temple W. efq. vice-admiiTil of thu White, 
cKie of the lords of the admiralty, anddaugh* 
tor of Admiral Sir John Balclien, whofo ua- 
fortanately loft hi< life in Che fervice of his 
country on board the Vi^ory, liaving pe- 
rifhed with a thoufand fouls. 

z;. At J)is lodf>:li);s in Gerrard-ftreeC, 
Soho, Major Ackland. 

Ga^aTTg Promottons. 

WM. Manners, efq. of Hnnby-Iull, co« 
Lincoln, creatf d a baronet. 
John Stbthorp, M. D. appftiotod Regius 
prnfeiior of bo:aKy in ihe Umveriliy of 
Oxford. 

Francis Drake, tfq. appoin:ed his Ma* 
jcf>y's rcfjJem ;il Vcniie. 



PRICES OF WHEAT, fcomthe Returns cudiug January 19, 1793, 
Firft Diftria, Lohdom, 5A d. being 3d. . 1 MARITIME COUNTIES. 
Isdt than our bft p^rt, vol. LX 1 1, p. 1 1 59-| 

INLAND COUNTIES. | 

d. 



Miildleiex 

Surrey 

Heitliird 

Bedlnrd 

Hintiogdon 

No:tluimptcKi 

Rotlaiid 

Leioefler 

Noningbani 

I^oivy 

Sbftird 



f. 

5 
5 
5 

5 
5 
5 
5 

5 

6 

6 
5 



8 Salop 5 

Z Hereford 5 

5 Worccfter 5 

z.VV;irwick < 

^•WilUi '6 

8 Berks 5 

7 0:cforJ 5 

10 Hucks 5 

a Brecon 6 

3 1 Montgomery 6 

I oj Radnor 6 



"I 

9l 

41 

7j 

4; 
1! 

III 

7i 

3| 



Diftrifts. 
Eifcx 



3 

4 

5 
6 



Kent 

SuWcx 

Siitfolk 

C.imhi idge 

Norfolk 

Lincoln 

York 

Purh 

Nor 

Cunibci 1. 

Wtftmoil. 

Lancalhife 

Chclhire 



J. 

5" 

5 
5 

5 

4 

4 
5 



J.iO 



{ 
\ 

2 Noril uml), 3 3'«o^ 5otticiO;t 6 

r 



I • 

I 

I \ 
I 
111 

li 
6 



6 
6 

«: 

6 

S 
6 

4 

S 
Gianvjfg.ui 7 



Flint 
4' .-^ I l)e'iH;;h 
4 d < Aiiglcica 
x\ I Cai! lilt ton 
L Mer'onclli 
^''ar 'i^'.an 
r'.:iiibi'okc 
Cai miu \1\. 



5 
6 

6 

6 



(^ Mouiiourh «> 

9' V l>i:v(Ki 6 

2!" i Cornwall 6 

cj 5 Do: fit 6 

'^l Hauls 



i 

8 

5 

5 

X 

9 
9 

a 

«; 
'i 

I 
I 

a 



I I nai.Ls 5 % 

Pel bufhel, 5*. icj*l. Per qiwrtcr, 2I. 6s. lod* 
OATMEAL, per Boll of I4plbs. Avoirda]H)is, il. ly. 6d. 
AVERAGE PRICE, by which Expobtation and Bounty are to be regulaLc^d. 



Total Average i»f Eagland and Wales. 



JBifiri^ 
• f - 

t — 

1 - 



/. 

a 
a 
1 



a. 

4 
o 

»9 



d. 
I 
7 



DUliias 

4 - 

5 - 

ft - 



y. 

a 
a 
z 



s. 
1 

a 
% 



d, 
11 

8 



Diflrids 

7 - 

8 - 

9 - 



L 

1 
2 
a 



8 
6 

X 



^.iDiftridH /. t. a 

6i 10 — 2 II 5 

loj It — a 9 r 



BILL ef 

Chrif^ened. 

Females 8i8J*^^'5 



MORTALITY, from 
Barud. 

!«•"• '3^.656 
34 J 



Females 8- 



Viiereof h*ve died aader two jean eld 444 
Feck l*ef sr 5d< 



January i to January 

a and 5 175 

1; and 10 65 

ID and zo fz 

so and -30 no 

3c tn^ 40 156 

40 end jo 198 




22, 1793. 

CO and 60 
60 and 70 
70 and 80 
83 and 9^ 
Qo and too 

EAQH 



M3 

4 



ti~ 


|-^ . 


' l-*-~|l '^lllll 


II 


P 


1 


1 


1 tl 


II 


II 


|j!-^ 


TilS^ ' 




= =1 = 


* 


* 


1 

1 




1 

1 








1 






i 









he Gentleman's Mi 


jgazim ; 




itACITTa 


Covontry 




>*LE*E>r. 


Cuaiberlind 




■ ETcmnB 


Derby, Fa.ieT 




Ml'lChTon. 


GbuLClJ.'. 




^bill EYen. 


Hereford, Hdl 




nCbiDii. 


Ipfwich 




n E»..nln,, 


IXI.AKD 




kr—Su? 


Leedia 






LnictlTll J 




vM.il 


Le«e. 




f» J..o«.. 


Liierpcnl 4 




rde L*Pd. 


KLidBooe 




Advmifci 


Maachefle, , 




Adrmllw 


Ncwciflle , 




trr.LeJ,^, 






lU'i Diirj 


H»r«icl. a 




.g Hcr.ld 


Ko,tioEh™ 




nsChr-n. 


0>lP»D 




— Hrilnn. 


Bcadinx 




— TllKM 


SaCliary 




Port— Sun 


ScotJvd 




iWrP.p«. 


Sheni.il. * 




., Britlol 4 


Shrtlwnc B 




«lu.l 


ShrewlWry 




-Bury 


SiimFord -r 






Winchefter ^ 




fc«f7 3 


Wl.it.(«ven " 




•f<>H 


Woicefl.. - 




For F E B R U A R Y, 


1793. 




CONTAIN ING 




wtoB-Dianef fof Jan. antl Feh. iju gS 


4 new QuBllioo en EMleTiaftieil Prfr.,,ien-e /i. 




ViiliwnionilieUcJihof lC-C1ui'lc'I- 99 


.\djeflivei.ir«!onlv« 


ithifingleiul.il,ni,veiiC 




irlcaWeProplie,;y-SouthBmF»uniii uo 


Ttic Clorafler of Mr 






Hawlc— FoiiiiJcr! Ki!.— Ve-( Tivei 101 


EliideKiB-.:!— BeauTr^— MTf.til«,ir, ,i\ 




— Birininslun>Ri<iB-A<:ADiWic V. ici 


ttcinvdirt fiH' Ciinis — 


"ayiMrd xnd 1 U: •> ; 1:1, 






D.>:'.i>l'..f«.Ti-.i-3l^ 


'-PUkey.mP..T.«,i.- 




Inn Church— Tlie Foiee of Cuft.im tc; 


Pan.ir' tl:e [cfdi:— Query rn Bp, S!«r:t'aa 1 1. 






'•»ri- Ccur-mi— .Mr. 


rtnnt!lry~.«ija!el>.n /i ' 




i.ndCluiraa«ru(SlrR..h.WLfemwi l:.; 


G.l.i!in™s''v«-!l3ne; 


e.v Riicn rxi^i.iiiittl miI 






Ori/.l-..4i •■i:a' and Mc:eor..l,«iia1 kems.ks ^.1 




hotn Mifs Seward 10 Mift Williams I^i 


P.'.rt of uii^iual Lcl^: 


f..«t.Dr.Do.id,idg« ,,fi| 




i«ing Story iif OffL^ ut Ilennuilt 1 10 


AWir*ic',lhrerreel 


.WrrohDr.P'jiMi*.!.,, 




>phical Defcript;- n..f H.-«iton, D«<m 1 • > 


Thmig'Uuiiiirt^'ntdifU'iifletlSl.iieDfPrs' c- iJi 




lulm'lMclyiiiwiieJ iii Wuftnxirelaid ri6 


ReniKlts 0.. ro!rifitMion.'.i«J onFoflM Plant- ii 




lorofLovelai:e^TI,<!>anii'y<'f Vai'X tir 


Pn«:i.-eilin£i i* jirefent 


SeirionofParliarafnl 141 




ifconniefiCwirtMay— Mr. T. Wjnwi 1 1 3 


Revif* prN«* P, 


»Lir*TtOM» I4i— ,(.. 




)UncenfMemaUndH-dily Powers 119 




»— (lusnes anfa-ered i(, 




B «rEWc<mlan!>of Arclibp. Crmmerno 


Select PorTK,-,an 


riniandmo.rcr.iifij— I'.i 




*P«lerthe<5r«t-Kift.ofCumbcrla«l iii 


For, Aftiis.DomeltleOccommces.&o.i'io— iS 1 




Bof laBMidpfefenlKmgsolPrulHj iij 


Anatmr.McLmofSI 


erif[',J»i-IS<M.CIreuii»iXj 








efcrAl.-nU, &c tSi— igu 




SAain wa< a NToi^liA. uoca Naturalill '£. 


AveraEfePHc^orCom-LBiIInf Vnrt.lrtv iO,| 




re at New College, Oxon, defcribed tij 


Daily V«.iMi..»M..il« 


PrircsoflheStui-lis i,. 






TON ChorcliWf tb« 




^oeof FiTEX THi CiiiAT,- PorEraic>oF ilie bCe 'ud prefenc 


Kiopof Pai»iiA| 




Eurious Carving fiom Ali, Souli, i>xo - ; ami a ;■ 


I At. 




ly $ r L F _AN U S U R B A 


jy, G«nt. 




iami bjrJOHN N^CHttL:!; « Ci«r,-t Head, Aed L,'u„'p 


iU£=, n.ei-llreet, 




Wbm»ll Letter* to the Editor are dcfired to be adJreirod, Poii-PAin. ' 1793. ^ 


^ 



^ iitttirtligieatDuruifirJxauujMd'Fcht'urff 1793. 

MiTsoKOLOoicAt Tablb for Fcbniary, 1703. 
RtltbtsfPihKohtii'tTb. H^ShtorPiliiedkait'at'Iitm* 



w 


Casv. MMhcmatifal In 


ftrument.Mdktr, oppofiw Atund el -Street, Stt 


T^ 


Wmd. 


Birum 


__ 


1 SweofWMiheru.janu.rr,i7,i: 


, 


Whrik 


19,50 




Jftomiy, ctein op, p, M. 




N Lakn 


*4 




clowlrmdtaa, litdelun 


3 


SE c>)m 




4° 


Wr fraft, fuiT, ud thick »tl 4» 


4 


E calm - 


4': 




IfmRy, lol clew, Tnow u nigts 


i 


S nimtcnt* 


S*^ 


40 


Ud picitlllt 


NW modcna 


!S 


4« 


«i7plea£»Ht 


1 


Rbrifk 


90 


♦' 


liahc 


S 


W IBOdMVU 


6<i 


44 


rn 


« 


SE citm 


9J 


4» 


rain.MBicht 




S brilk 


4° 


43 






i Builerate 


»c 


45 


yOioiTen 




W modcnw 


1<)7I 


43 


rain at nigbt 


I] 


Solm 


tg.io 


44 


tleafaol 


■4 


Nnii>.l«nt« 


5> 


43 




;i 


NKE calm 


30,8 


4> 




N calm 


»s 


4» 


ctein lip, fio) 


ij 


N Ola, 


30 


4« 


mild and lercM 


■i 


£ caln 


38 


]8 


IM, and calm 


>9 




33 


4> 


lay 


M 


SW^calm 


33 


43 


tbeaft^nxN. 


• 1 


Wbrilk 


jO 


45 


aodld^ilUit 




Waodenn 


30 


44 




■ J 


S ukm 


J 


43 


tout air Tua 


*4 


S ulm ■ 


*9>fi 


4S 




:i 


ME calm 


JO, 


43 


It 


E ranknM 




44 


Difht 


:! 


WoodonM 


4 


S 


efwaboDiDNn, ndaati 


Wbriflc 


>f>Ti 


ipaodluo, rainalm^ 


>9 


SiDDdmte 


S8 


46 


Doftpatti^thedar 


30 


SWnKMtanM 


58 


4< 


I floniH, and (MM hMl 


3t 


IV nodenle 


■s^ 


45 


iuLe raia 



5, Tb« T^fel ctratiimas tb« water, to fliow itM (iiuntitr of Ev^wntiaa in tna m 
the mooih, burft with th« (roft of UA hi&hL-^ %. The low-Jaodi ad«rinter, M 
■erdaj'c bit o( ruo, and qaiie iklosail. Ths ro*di too Cwinitiini Mi ibwitanM* 
The ditckct ui nunj placei quite overflow.— ij. Small binb ctu7>, the-ttmnik Im 
little at diflferent timet , the woodbine foliated, piimroTei in UoOn, Ins t^aed Wd 
br the wv*tb>r."tS. Stcon oFCiiow^ops and crocullM ^ovegroinid. — ThcfoovN 
Uoum, ID a warm flielioivd bink.— «^ A venr red Ikf in tlia Sotth abocl un tFi 
oicht. — 19. Tha horiuo verr rid and ciryat fuii'^TSb. 

V«(y Utib finituiDsnth. Tte tari Adl af wur sid Iki k ^QpgB. IMM 



THE 



(99 



enthman's Magazine: 

For FEBRUARY, 1793. 

ING THE SECOND NUMBER. OF VOL. LXIU. "PART L 



Ub.ba1«» LsmfUiJI, Jan, 30. 

«>f '*g HE Bewi of they«/««/- 
<«/ trinfa6^ioo at F^riV, 
OB rhc lift vofl. having 
juft reach<;d chefe pans, 
)6( I am impatient to com* 

gfW W municate to you the foU. 
lowing letter, which, 

be very peculiar nature of its 

Mf will, I truft, have an imme- 

ilertion in your cxteofively-cir- 
publicacion. Of archbidiop 

tf*# letters* I have many more in 

ffeiVion, all in his own hand- 
Tbey fliall be communicated 

lion may require. 

Mirsy &c. J— H W— — 8. 

^y honored Ladye, 
IE newes this weeke are of that na- 
at you muft knowe them long eri e 
\ great* blowe was given, upon 
r lafty at a fcafifoUl before White-ball 
fiot 4 of tlie docke, whereof the 
iu*ce is tof«Howe cive next weeke. 
#€ we heare little of it. Otlier priiit- 
cs yon have enclofed. 
ithawilb of myne, that (if all be 
if the ficknef^) you were at your 
NNife in Ghthctb, for fix roouthes, 
nrorid be fettled, and a ftrickt com- 
ipon your children, not to com at 
omfelves, bat as flrau'gers, and in 
I whatfoever, not to bringe, invite, 
race any ftnni'gers or cavileeres, to 
niliey unles they deiire your ruyn. 



** Madame, a Teryc tronMed and forowe« 
fuH man, 1 reft yonr ladyihipp's moft hum- 
hie fervau'i, <« Jo, Blot AC." 

** Moflqn f is not place for your ladylhipp 
to continue in- 

** Gvuydyr this fift of Febr. 1648. 

** [To my lionourahle the lady Mary 
Moftyn, att Mrs. Holland's, att HavotL 
theife.]" 

Mr. Urban, Hacknej^ Fih. 15. 

SEEING in your lafl, p. Si, an ex* 
crafl from a difcourfeof Mr. Robert 
Fleming, pubtiihed in the year 1701, £ 
fend you an extra^ from a book, inti- 
tuled, "A new Sy (lem of the Apocalypfe, 
or .plain and methodical Illuft nations of 
all the Vifions in the Revelations of St. 
John," written by a French minifteria 
the year 1685, and hmflied but two 
days before the dragoon k plundered him 
of all except this trcatife; and London 
printed 1688. 

On Rev. XI. ver. it, 12, xj, 
" I am much deceived, if it ddlh not fig- 
nify, that God, who is the mafter of all 
hearts^ (hnll change the heart of the king 
aod of his council, and that we (hall fee a 
revolution in France. As it is tlie kii^g of 
France wlio contributed mofl to the glory of 
the Papacy, fo it (hall be the king of France 
that fball contribute moft to its ruin. The 
tenth part of the city ftiall fidl (the^^ 
ijngdcmj, France itfelf will increaie both its 
ftrength and glory by that falling off and 



chbiftiop VVUliams did not loiig furvive the unfortunate Monarch. He died March 
iO» 9B^ 6S» ^ Gloddaeth, the feat of Sir Roger Mollyo, an eminent loyalift i 
l|dy warned him of the approach of death, the ftiyke of which \w received witk 
try piety, coora^t and refignation. See Mr. Pennani's Tour through Wales, and 
[e rhilips's Life of the Archbiftiop. To this lacy is tUe letter addrelfed. Slie was 
ft Slighter of Sir John Wynne, of Gloydir (not Gwedir) ; particulars of wliom, 
his family* have been republiihed by the hon. Daines Barrington, in his MifceL* 
mder the title of " The Hiftory of Gwedir Family." 
^M is the family feat of the Mtjfym n\ FUntfliire. 

m delayed,, the ground neither capaUe of bearing the cart, or in cnndUiun for th« 

ifntn 3 incites 5*ioihs« Bvaponlioofiocethe5tkwtieatbevtflfil was broke, linck. 
fh Mtdr LhMrfoot. J.Holt. 

withdnwmf 



loo A rmarkahU Propbicy.^LetUr of Southern Faunift. 



withdnwiog; ib chat, upon th« whole, I do 
not doubt but chat it U die cociverrion of chat 
beaacifol Kiogdom which is premifed in this 
place. The firft evenc is the death of feven 
thoufand mm» of mtn, which is a figure 
whciie feven rhoufand MtKs rf rrun are put 
for ftfvcn choufand mtn of /tamf, that is, qua- 
lity, rejfufatiortf anJ dignity : thsfe men of 
name are, doubtlefs, eitl^r the Doff$rs, who 
make a gi'eat deal of iu)ir« in Fi aace, Ih the 
Sorbonne, in the focicty of liie Oi-alory, of 
the Jefuitc«, and amoni^ft the cittrgy, or clfe 
ftrfons of quality %vb9 are djiinoui/hed from 
others hy their dirtb, and by their hwuir ; the 
number of feven thoufand denotes an indefi- 
nite number, but very confidcrable. The 
moaning is, tiiat they (hall no more dare to 
write or to fpeak in favour of Popery ag^inil 
the Ref >rmationi that their JiKietiesfhall be put 
dotvtf and that they fhaU hanijh tbemjch)t\ out 
ef the realm f upon their not fnding it tbeif in- 
tcreji to continuty all lubicb •will be a ileath unto 
them : tbit is, there fball be no mote of tbiit 
kind of Do&or% •ufbo are diji'tvguijhed by the fo' 
eieties and fraternttieiy no more monks, no more 
jefuites and, it may be, no more archbifbops, no 
more abbots^ and no more cardinals^ in this 
iingdom" 

There arc a number of other very 
ilriking paffages; but the above were (o 
very remarkable, I could notbutpar.i- 
cularly notice them ; if you think pro- 
per to publiOi them in )our Magazine, 
they arc at your fcrvicc for the purpofc, 
and, fhould any perfons be dclirous to 
fee the book (which may be, perh;*ps, 
Tcry difficult to be met with), he ihall 
bcwelcome to do it. 

Youn, &C. Richard Dann. 

Tatlir, No. 87. 
" There ts nothing .which 1 contemplate 
with greater pleafure than the dignity of 
human naure. 1 confider the foul of man 
as the ruin of a glorious pile of building, 
wUere, amidft heaps of nibbifh, you meet 
with noble fragments. Viitue and WifJoni 
aits continually employed in clvariog the 
ruins, removing thetc iliforderly heaps, re- 
covering tlic noble pieces that lie buried un- 
der them, and adjufting them, as well as 
p«>nrible, according ce their ancient fymme- 
try and beauty. A happy education, ron- 
verfition with the fineft fpirits, looting ab'ond 
into the imrks of Nature, and obfciTations 
upon mankind, are the great adiftances to 
this necefTary and glorious work. 

Mr. Urban, Fib. 3. 

IN your fixty -firft volume, p. iiao. 
Mr. T. Marec of Exmouih enquires 
conrerntng certain fliining obje6ls at- 
tHchcd to oyfter-Ihells, which he has 
been told are worms. As this enquiry 
has hitherto remained unanfwered, al- 
low mc to xcfcr Mr* Maret to Baket'i 





treat ifc on the Microfcope, whe 
will learn, that Monf. Auxanr i 
covered the bloifh flame al.'ud 
to proceed from three forts of ani 
la ; and for further paniculars rel 

is m.idctoPhil.Tranf. N«»ia. P 
is filent on the fubjcft. 

The natural hiftoiy of the (ilvc 
wo: m m;iy be fojnd in the. fam 
tifc, as it UMv alio in Hook's woi 

Dcndrophiljs (vol. LXII. p. 
fhould have acknowledged, that 
tciken the ookivaiions on trees, a 
idea of letting rows of them in the 
of raiuls, from White's 29th Lei 
the Natural Hiftory of Sclbornc, 
\\hich letter has been extiatlcd 
of your Magazines for the year 
Mr. Whue exprefsly fays, «• 
fa^ts may furnifli the inte'ligen 
hints concerning what fort of tree 
ihould plant round fmall ponds 
they would wi(b to be perec 
Some Qf the arguments urged in 
of the propoltd avenues arc good 
as thr expcnce of fetting and pi-ot 
the trees would confiderably k 
the charges incident to making t 
nals, I would advifc the undcrtafc 
tirft fee how the projected navig 
an fvver, before they incur cxtrj 
penccs. It is alfo to be confi. 
that in wet fummers the drippii 
the trees would probably be 
very troublefome to the men and I1 
and poHibly injurious to the com 
ties conveved. 

It would be very intercfting to 
cukuiifts and naturalifts, to kaow 
fucceff Lord Saltoun found ia the 
vation of the Carolina Grafs, fo 
bufljel of the feed of which his 
flup gaveMr.Ftaferfixty-feven pc 
four (billings. 

Does your valuable correfpoi 
Mr. Gough, p. 1 198, mean by tli 
carta njtrma the Piiewort or the 
nclwort? Doe-t be mean the mi 
female Mtrcurialii fertnnis t And 
plant dues he undcrfland to be the 
luria ntmorum ? I obferve, that 1 
head of the msHd plants Mr.C 
places the Galantbus uivalu^ wh« 
infer, that the inhabitants of Wef 
land are <6 fortunate, as to hav< 
immacui^te herald of the fpring tt 
digenous produft of our own coi 
If lo, Mr. Hudfon, Dr. Stokes 
Dr. Sovveiby, ftand juftified in p] 
it in the lilt of Britifb plants. As 
of your readers fay with " The V 
Curate," 



1793.] ^ R^jhl Hjwk.-^FounJirs Kin.^-^YiWs inilginous. loi 

• Ye bouniih, I cannot talk like you, hawk would be at another attempt ; and» 

Afrl pve to ev'ry flow'r its name and rank, after divert fuch aflTiultB. ufualiy, bj 



Taiislit bf Linnaeus,'' 

it is Bccclfary to (hv that T am writing 
pn the Snowdrop. \ would alfo a(k Mr. 
Goueh, uhether bv the Prtmnlm Vfris 
lie me^ns the Cowflip, Oxlip, or Prim- 
rofc? 

Such of your readers as keep hngt 
in^jf like to be inrnrmed, that i have 
lircly fared the !ife of a p'g, labouring 
underihe attack of i!ie contagious por* 
Cine difeafe, bf having recourfe to 



fome lucky hit or other, the hawk 
would bring her down; but, one day, « 
moft excellent hawk being at the game^ 
in the king's prcfence, mounted fo higk 
with his game, that both hawk and 
heron got out of fight, and were never 
feen more ; enquiry was nriade, not only 
all over England, but in all the foreign 
princes couns of Europe, the hawk 
having the king's jcfles, and marks fuf- 
ficicnr, vi> hereby it might be known ; but 



bletding, and the adminiftration of all iheir enquiries proved incffeaual- 



brimftone ; which mode of treatment, 
together with lepe^ied changes of diet, 
h^s renewed the animal's ftrength and 
liuith. Yours. 5lc. 

A SOUTHER.N Fa,UNIST. 



Mr. Urban, Feb. 15. 

IXtl.c beginning of September laft, a 
paragiaph appeared in feveral ne\vs« 
piptn, mentioning, th^t a hawk h^d 
becD found at the Cape of Good Hope, 
and bri»ught from thence by one of the 
lodis ihips, having on its neck a gold 
collar, on which was engrdvcn the rol- 
lowing words : 

" This goodlie hawk d "th belong to his 
Moft Excellenc Majeftie, Jame:i Kir.ga of 
Eiigland. A. D. 16x0." 

Oo feeing this account, an anecdote 
inmediately occurred to mc, which I 
bd lately met with in a cjrious old 
maoufcript, conuining fome remarks 
«nd obfcrvations on the migration of 
birJi, and iheir flying to far dillant 
regions; and which, if you think ic 
mty throw any light on a fubjcfl, now 
much attended to by natural ifls, or con- 
firm the opinion of lome, refpefling 
the longevity of birds of prey, it is mucii 
It your fervice. The words from my 
avthor are ai follows : <* And here I 
all to mind a flory of our Anthony 
Wcidon, in hit *' Court and Charafter 
of iCing James:" «' The King," faith 
be, ** k^ing at Newmaiket, delighted 
Ouch to fly his gofbawk at hernns ; and 
the manner of the conlii£l was this; 
liic heron would mount, and the gof* 
hawk would get much above it i then, 
«iien the hawk flooped at the game, 
the heron would turn up its belly, to 
receive him with his claws and Ihirp 
bill; which the hawk perceiving, woula 
Mffc and pafs by, rather than endan> 
|(tr iifelf. This p:illime being over, both 
tlie hawk and heron would i>ioun[ again, 
I'j chc uciuoft of tUcir powcr| till the 



Hoping, Mr. Urban, that the above 
communication may prove acceptable to 
fome of your readers, either at a matter 
of amufement, or occalioning fome fiar^ 
ther enquiry to be made after the hawk 
lately brought over from the Cape, I 
remain. Yours, &c« T. S. 



S 



Mr. Urban, FiS. 5. 

OME time ago I took the liberty 
of troubling you wi:h in enquiry re« 
latire to a dcctlion, fatd to have taktu 
placet by which the foucders kin are de- 
prived of the rdlowdiips of Ail Soult 
College, Oxford, direoed by the toan- 
dcr to be given to them in preference to 
all others. My quertion i» not of mere 
curiuficy i I am really intereflcd in it, 
and (hall take it as a favour if fome gen- 
tleman, who is able, will (late what has 
actually palfed, tnd if there has been 
fuch a decree, if he will, through your. 
very valuable pubMcmtion, inform the 
public of the particulars. 

Yours, &c« A. B. 



Mr. Urban, ^at. a&. 

A VARIETY of circumaances in- 
duce me to belive, with your cor- 
refpondent W. T. (p. 1105), ^«t the 
yew tree is indigenous to Great Britain, 
from having, a few years fince, frequent 
opportunities of viewing it flouriibing 
amidll the inacccfliblc northern impend- 
ing cliffs. Undcrbarrow Sear, near 
Kendal and Hudrwcll, and the oppo« 
fite Scars near Richmond, Yorkfhire, 
abound with it ; and in many of the nxkr 
mountains above UIirwatcr(one of wkicn 
is called Yew Cr^g) and Winandermere, 
where the winged inhabitants alone are 
vifitors i the yews and hollies enliven 
the fcene, and form a pleafing contrail 
of ever-grecns,to the gloomy brownneft 
of fur rounding rocks. Few in fuch lofty 
fituations arrive at that remarkable fize 
which we frequently fee them in church* 
yards; they iiavc the rugged bliils of 

Winter 



I ot BpUmical Oi/h^athns.-^Birminghzm Stats hmmui. 



Winter to contend with, which (amongft 
thofo mouotaiasy being hurled in codii* 
B.ual eddie?) frequently loofeo the roott« 
ifid evon ceir up both roeks ind trees : 
chofe ficuated in the accefllblc paru of the 
fnounttins tre generally cut down and 
brought to naarkct for chairs and Aeps of 
Itddera, for which ufe their durability 
renders them valuable. But the inhabi* 
tant of the church-yard (which adorns, 
tven BOWp many of the confecratcd 

S rounds in different pirts of the king- 
otn, paaicularly Kent, Wedaior eland, 
and Cumberland) alone is defpoiled by 
Timet a reinrential awe prcTents the^mu- 
tilacioo of a branch, and its expanding 
arms fieneraliy orerfliadow a feat, d«r- 
^ined ror the cottage— Sunday- afternoon 
policictaiis. The numerous inftaoces of 
the yew-tree growing amongft the rocks 
are, I think, ftrong iodicationa of its 
being thtre^ in its natural fituation ; and 
the rcafons above given why tkofe in a 
church-yard are larger thap thofe on the 
mountains, appear to me moft cogent; 
but my remarks I fubmit to the coofide- 
ration of fome other of your correfpon- 
>dcnts who may be better acquainted with 
tlie natnre of ttie yew-tree toaa 

Yours, &c. T. C. 

Mr. Urban, ftb. lo. 

A FIGURE of the^/ra«f«ai luculum 
having appeared in the a^th Num- 
ber of Englifli Botany, I was furprifud 
So 6nd the ibajpe of the leaf to differ, both 
from the fpecinc charaAerof L^oiiaeus,and 
fiom a fpecimen of the plant obtained 
from Mr. Curtis'a Botanic -garden. Lin- 
DSUS drfcribes the leaf, '< quinqualobis, 
** rocuadatis," which is juftly tranflaced 
by T>f. Withering, <* leaves tive-lobed,'* 
roonded, not leaves rounded and &ve- 
lobedf as in dw above work, in which 
the fpecific charade r is altered, to cor. 
refpond wiih the figure. Rcihaa, in his 
Flora Cant, defcribes the leaves as being 
Icidney-fhaped.' Mr. Woodward in the 
Bot. Arr. <* leaves kidoey-fhaped, with 
moftly 6ve lobes, lubes with generally 
three lobes, the middle one with ufually 
three fcollops, the tide ones entire." in 
Mr. Curtis's plant, the leaves are truly 
kidoey-ihaped, and the lobes rounded. 
The alK)v« Bgure, tlierefore, maft not be 
cuoiidered as the general appearance of 
the plant, but a variety, occafiooed by a 
change uf foil or (ituation, or both ; and 
tending to miflead the ftudent, ivho oa- 
tutally places a great degree of conh* 
deoce, where the authority is fo very re* 
(faaablfi. 



The figure of the cmmpmrnml^ 
I, in N" 4, does not accofd \ 
fpecific cliara6ter of Linnaeut, ^ 
bu« ciliatis, pedunculis trifidik,*' 
calyx i*> not ciliated, nor the pe 
tbtee- cleft. Yourr , &x. 

Mr. Urban, h 

I AM fony to fee in your Ma 
voL LXlI. p. 9 St* ar oppi 
t'iken. of renewii»r a lui>je£^, wiii< 
give pain to every modeiate mi 
ot ccnfuring the conduct of the 
tiates and clergy U|X>n the unh^f 
cafion aiiutied to. L. L. muft I 
little acquainted with human nat 
to know, that the language of c 
tion was much more likely to ap, 
inilatcd multitude, and put a fto 
enoimities they were committin 
that of invedive ; and mull has 
pofition of mind, for which he i 
be envied, not to believe, that fuch 
(inctre wifh of the obj^fts of hu 
ccnluie. It wa«; noi oh a rtligi 
count, as he alferts, that the \ 
Birmingham took place \ nor is 
bable, that even the well-known j 
principles cf fome of the Diflenter 
nave occafioned them, had there 
peared Orong indications of an 
to put them m practice, and had 
opportunity of celebrating the 
Revolution been choicn fur the p 
A few days previous to the ann 
of it, a moftfeditious hand-bill^ 
in circulation, the author of w 
Dilfenting Miniflcr, ioon after 
France I and on a door of ona 
principal churches was written, 
ihop to be lett on the t4ih of 
This may appear a triflng circum 
but it tends to fliew the difpofiiio 
pany. Dr. Prieilley, in kts lei 
Mr* Burke, f peaks eiukingly of 
pedation of the near appraach < 
he calls, tht grnU ififii tf ika^ 
his ^9kmtty, by whicb he avowedly 
. the total fuhveriion of the conn: 
and the eftablifbed religion of 
fays, that, dreadful as it appears i 
p<:6\, and though calamitous to 
perhaps to many inno«ient perfoni 
be a conlummation devoutly so be 
for ; ;ind that (peculations of th 
contiibute to exhilarate tistmrnd, 
tliey iiii^hc diihurb and diflrefs 
Mr. Bufkc* His fon (L. L. ac 
u^ ) ciotfes the fea5, and folictts th< 
oi cirtzcu>fliip among a fra ami 
people. He has been rather onto 
iL Lis dioicc qf epiiheu, fmcc t 



] BlrmiDghaiTi Rl§is.^^Thi Acadimic, Nc. }\ 102 



Aed m equally appHctble to any 
iec of pernd'iouf ruffians. The 
idiflbrcncc co all religion, which 
CMDfl ac the cooclulion of his Icc- 
«^ac will probably take place to 
ificd na:ton, has already cocn- 
amooi; the free a ad hrave fub- 
f bis panegyric, where Aiheifm 
:n publicly and vauntiof^ly pro* 
and the profefHog Atheift louiily 
led. 

I not one of the apologifts, Mr. 
whom L. L. alludes to, nor uo 
to defend the enormities perpe* 
It Birmingham, and in the neii^h- 
od of it; but regret, with )uur 
efpe^^ablc correfpondent J. M., 
ioieoce (hould have cxiftcd. I 
indeed have hoptd, and cxp-Aed, 
lie he had faid upon the (ubjc6t io 
Irlaji^azinc, vol. LXII. pp. 114. 
■uuld efFc£lually have prevenud 
rufion of it ay^iio upon the readers 
' valuable mifccllaDy, in order to 
. railing accufacion again (I parti- 
members of the £(la-»liflied 
ly ■« unjufl a« it i^ illibeial. 
Youn, &c. Chris ri ANUS* 

£ ACADEMIC. No. V. 

■jMurs iisK«y6p«f. Pindar* 
Urban, f«6. 6. 

£ notice, with which the Johmfo* 
mm JUmttmk (S'^tn p. 6. of Jan. 
hat vouchfitcd to honour liia 
wdient the Rtfarmfr, is too Aat- 
10 the vanity of a young author 
mfled over in ungrate .'u I file nee. 
ety much at the laid Rt former la 
t 10 him, for relcuing h<s '* Ad« 
horn the brink of Lethe's H^od, 
uring it at lea A one muucii*s more 
CB in the memory of yum leaders, 
I in the fincerity of his foul cou- 
Mt he entertains lufficient affec- 
n his good old Aima Mmter, and 
K refpeft for the Mkge of Hu 
ic Evmngel^, to wi(h, ihnt ** Can- 
■d cuher nc<\oiti«d himielf better 
r defence^ or had not entered the 
«ll. 

IC old ndnge be true, that in a good 
%Mj one may be elo^uent^ what 
m enufc be, which reds its fup- 

lii anilio ec defeiforibua Iftis t' 
a ** Cantab" may aiitcr his pro- 
aiaft this logic. He need not, 
^ wafte hit labour on a fecond 

10 evmce bis nor fuperiicMl ac» 
»oe with chc fag^iottt Locke/' 

I 



by quarrelling with the adage» or conteft- 
in g the cod verfe of the propufttioo, which 
mijght, by oblique implication, appear ta 
atfe£^ the credit of bis abiliciea. Hia 
familiarity with Loekt is alreetdf provc4 
beyond difpute, in that determinate 
cleamefs of language, and elegant pre- 
cilion of reafoQing, which pervade the 
whole compofition of his Letter. And 
no one will call in queftion, either his 
deep infight into the principles of Bktier, 
or his accurate adaption of them to his 
own purpofe, who (hail obferve, how 
ingeoioufly he manages the argument 
from analogy in theie propofitiona: 

Prop. I. 

*' Both tlie claflics and the various inbjeds 
of morality have a place in ibe psrfaau of 
the young gentlemen of Caaabridge.*' 

Demoiftration. « This I afliart ou my 
Own perfotial knowledge." 

Prop. IL 

In St. John's Coilegcy thero are ngtilar 
and intelugent leAuros read, moi itfy oa 
the Grecian and Roman authors ; Ut sifi 
there is a proper refpedt paid to the iaga- 
cious Locke, and the profound Butler " 

Dem. *' Ab ono difce omnes. Read my 
Letter." 

Prop. IIL 

M ^yitbokt douht, thero is a proper eflefm 
keldrf tliefe branches of fcieooe in tbi'$tber 

Dixiii' ego vobii in hoc cflfe Atiicam Ele« 
gantiam ? ^ 

Did I not tell you he would exhibit » 
fpLcimen of analogical reafoning, thnc 
mould furprife you > ButUr was a ftK>l 
tu him. He drew bis analogy from tbe 
metny to the Jenv* His bolder difciple, 
after quitting, aa it fliould feem, the un* 
tenable fortrefs of perfomal knewitJ^e, 
to eftablilb the general prevalency €d 
moral, oietaphyfical.and datiical fludics, 
in this UniveiHty, I'oars on the Pegafus 
of the inverted meibed^ and preliimea 
the eziftence of « U£k in J^een col- 
leges, becauie it is confefledly true ja 
one. 

But what is all this to the queftion ? 
Was any charge brought againft indivi- 
dual lehunrs^ or individual e^iU'^eit 
Was any negled of all other, except ma* 
thematical reading, urged again ft undtr" 
grmduaiejf The Job^owimit Acadtmie 
miftakes the purpofo oi my " Addj^ifi/' 
which involves two charges aeainft the 
members of the Senrnte. The /Ufl I meant 
to bring is, not that cither themiiBlvci are 
guilty of any remilTneis m the purfuit of 
their favourite fyftem, or that every en- 
couragement to hold it ianot held out t* 
UBdcr^grsuittatca, by the mod honourable 



r04 Mr. and Mrs. Gn&th.'^p^pn/uls.'^Rev. Math. Unwin ? [Feb. 



impartiality in the didribution of mathe- 
matical honours to the candidates for 
the firil degree of arts, — but, that an 
examination equally f'evere is not at the 
lame time ioflituted under the fdndlion 
oftheUniverficy, to difcoverand reward 
great artainmeott in left abftra^ and 
more neceflary branches of learning. 
My Mixi accuiation is of a higher kind, 
thaty whereas, in academical founda- 
tionS| liberally endowed, and pidufly 
defignedy to promote the interefls of 
mankind, not more by the c§mmumi€ation 
than the ixtenjion of knowledge, omnia 
novU operibns et uUtri9ribus progrelfi- 
bus circumftrepere debenr, we hear of 
little or any new and original inveOiga- 
tion in fciences, that evidently admit 
and call for advancement. 

Oxford engtoffes, with fewexceptl-^ 
ens, the Muiies of elegant and claiiicaJ* 
learning. Edinburgh hat produced, and 
ilill produces, the moft eminent matters 
in the theory and the art of medicine, 
and the whole philofophy of phyHcs. 
In that and the other Scotch univermies, 
M'Lauiin, Duncan, Simfon, and others, 
have been bred, whofe woiks arc here 
applauded for their ingenuity, and ho- 
noured by a reception into general ufe. 
That other more numerous dafs of pub- 
lic profeflbrs have carried much depth 
of* erudition, and much acutcncfs of 
inte!le£t, with fuccefs perhaps not ai- 
vvays equal, to refearches into the Tub- 
je£is ot Metaphyfics, Morals, Policy, 
Miftory, and the Belles Lettret. A- 
mongft modern names, need 1 mention 
Btatti€| Reid, and Stewart, chiefs of 
the fchool that rears its farmidable head 
•gainft the do^rines of Locke, Bruce, 
Campbell, Fergufon, Smith, Robeitron, 
and Blair, who muft at leaft be allowed 
the full merit of laborious endeavours 
to clafiify obfervationt into fcience, to 
advance 'beyond whil was difcovercd, 
and to illuftrate what was obfcure, in 
the various walks of knowUdge, often 
with an immediate reference to ufeful 
tnd important application ? 

How much of this praife can the almu 
mater Cantabrigigt clami for her fons, 
fupported by independent and ampler 
revenues, with every advantage of a 
more retired and dignified leifure, and 
a more ample accefs to the treafured 
ftorcs of anticnt and modern literature ! 
Yours, &c. A RkFORMEK.. 



death of Mr<. GiifEch, who has fo often 
given me plcafurc by her elegant writ- 
ings; but on reflection 1 could not help 
rejoicing at hcrdc.ith; feeing^ her men- 
tionrd as the reli& of Rich-^rd Griflith, 
Efq. I netcr heard heforc of hi*; dr^?h, 
and am certain, from the creai atfc6ti<^n 
(he had for him, that his ne.irU owplt to 
heconiidered by all her friends as a blcf- 
(ing. I (hall cftcem it a favour to h". in- 
formed when he died — he was not fo 
general a writer as his wife. I )>cliive 
The Qordian Knot, The Lfittcr-*, and 
The Triumviratf, are all he ever pul>- 
liihed i anti the laH I have received \'o 
much pleafiire from, that 1 wiih to co'o- 
municatc it to others, and I much won- 
der it is not more read, as it would l>e 
admired. Mrs. Griffich's (enciments on 
it being the fame as my own, I (hall 
take the liberty to copy part of them ; 
** it is rich erm to luxuriancy in matter, 
language, fentiment, folic, adventiiu, 
and furprife ; there are many pallageb in 
it which (eizc upon the heart unaware*", 
and leave the eyes to mourn its i.aptivi(y 
even without a wifh to fet ic fue. Hue 
there are palfaeek in it (fl:c adds) wh.ch 
oiFend me not fo much as a ciitic, a-, a 
woman and a mother; (ilic at u^ ^»c 
is certain he would not put i\\\^ iiiar.u- 
fcript (it was not at the time of her wilt- 
ing printed) into the hands of his ^on 
or daughter ; ho<A'ever, I believe he 
printed it w.thout the wiflicd-tor altera- 
tion ; and though 1 do not rtcoinmend it 
to the fair fex, yet I rliink that every 
eentleman will read it with pleafurc, ?nci 
1 truft without any injuiy to hi> moraU.'' 
I hope fonte correfpondent will infoim 
me when Mr.GnfTuh died; aiul iikewife 
theBriflol milk woman, with lome par- 
ticulars of her life and writings ; but I 
hope ihc is not dead, as I have l>cen in- 
formed, Your^, jC'c. Veritas. 



/ 



Mr. Ukbak, Feb. 7. 

N your Ob'nuMry, p. 93, I could not 
he/p /hiding uus on leadijog the 



Mr. Urban, Feb. 6. 

IN vol. LXIl. p. 1298, W. F. fecms 
to be a great Itickler for /poensjt^, 
and noiJp90Hjub. Were they two dif- 
tin£^ words, he certainly would be light, 
as we cannot fay fuUs i but as 1 t.ike 

/l^09tifMi (Mnt cuillcrcc Fr.) to be but one 
word, I fee no difficulty in writingyj^o^n- 

full in the plural. Here the fubflantive 
and adje£live joined make but one com- 
pound. The fame is to be faid oi bandm 

Jkif une poign^e in French. J. H. 

*«:* An old CoitESPONDINT Will bc 

much obliged hy any anecdotes of tfie H ev. 
Mat HI AS Unwin, who died reftor of 
Medley and i^uckUnd, in Kent, in 1756. 



I 



^ 



1 793.] Kedlcflon Church, — Thought on the Force ofCuJlom, lOj 



Mr. Urtian, Jan, 30. 

KtlDLKSTON church (fee plate I.) 
II a re'trtiv, <icc'!cart-(i co All 
S.i;ni<. Ti:t building is inoie it-mar- 
ka&U f<»r the a(lcni(liin;; load of ivv 
t-jng upon *ts \v<iiife thnn fr>r (ize or 
bs^iuty ot dtn^n. It it fLTioundi-d by 
Lord Scarflale'k nuble niaiifion and uf- 
ficcSp Slid lias been che place of fcpul- 
Mic -for hit anceitr-rs fi»r many aget. 
A number af mooumenft, fome antitnt 
!iid decayed,. and others^ quiic niiu*ern, 
adorn its mouldering wails. Thcie are 
in the pavwnitnt, near the altar, t^vo 
msfTy pieces of oak (crcuhr) with 
ringi to iii^t them. They txcired my 
curiufiiyi and Loid Scarfdale's fcrvant 
ohiii^ingly Iified them. They cloCrd two 
Gothic circles: at the bottom of one 
\v<?s a head of flonc in ch iin*armour ; 
in ths other, a fen^ale with drapery 
folded round the head. There is no 
infcription near, that may had to who 
they %veie, ihou^^h, no doubt, lome of 
the Currons. Whethir it wa\ a f^ncy 
of the defii^ner u\ the to<nh, or ih.it the 
pavement may have lieen r<iircdy is now 
Dr>t 10 be dilcovcrcd. 1 have never fee a 
any thing of the kmd i)cfore. Another 
antient t(»mb of the Curtont in this 
cliur«.h, on which aie the effigies of the 
perfons it wms intended to commemu- 
rate, with bn* reliefs of their children, 
as is cnnuiMin on nuniberieis altar- 
lonrbs, has given rife tu 1 know-not* 
vhat vulgar tradition of the lady's ha- 
ving h'lil a number «)f children at a 
biith, and one dropping fomewheie, 
and being loft. I do not contend that I 



ncceflary it is thofc liabitsfh^nlJ not be 
dangerous ones, that ihcv Oiould fuit 
C'ur circumn;inc^s and coidiiion, and, 
above ally he of (uch a n;.ti:ic as to hz 
us for an cterrtal ftnic. Upon rendmg 
his admirable oblci v.uivns on this fub- 
jc£^, 1 could not ht!p tliinking th^t, in 
this age, wc aie much more earned in 
difrountenancing cuAoms which are 
realty innocent, than thcfe which have 
the ncirrd connexion with our happi- 
ncfk in this world, and that which is co 
come. To fuch delicicv are we noiv 
aiiivcd, that the innocent anulerTKntK 
of f'moking tobacco, and taking InutF, 
with many other habits t(]ually h;i:m- 
leCs, are conAdcrtd as lii;Vi!y dii^uliir.^ 
and impolite. Gond Cm d, ?«!:. Ui- 
ban, is it rational, is it julK thnt m.ir. 
ters fo unimp(»rtant Ihouid be fo t'crupu- 
loufly avoided, while gaming and lU- 
biiuchtry of evtry fpecies are praCliCed 
and countenanced without controul } 
We live in fuch vcrv delicate and fai^i- 
dious times, that, if a m;in in genteel 
life vtr«re to fniokc a pipe of tobacco, he 
would be much more fcicrc y baited 
thin if he dchauihed aioilicr mnii't 
wife,, or fate up in St. Jitmc^'s ftrrec 
two nights and two davN, and ^c>t his 
legs fwelltd bv it, as I have kn >wn 
fome men do. I am a young man, Mr. 
Urban, and I fom^.time^ meet with 
bucks who laugh ac my f'moking; but, 
rt-gaiding them nr>t, [ puft'on, and thus 
1 moralize : Many young men have 
formed habits of gaming, otiicrs of 
drinking; fome are never happy unltTs 
with a laige company; mi-ny .ire extra- 



am quite correal in the paiticuUis of vag^mily fond of line apparel ; tome rake 



thi« wonderful fioi y, ihough it lias been 
repeated tomealtnoU every time 1 men- 
tioned the chu;ci) whe-n in Derby tin re. 
The t«%-o modern monuments, 1 think, 
weie dcfigned by Mr. Ad;]ms, the ai- 
chiteO. They arc lir^'c, of flatuary 
ntarbte, and bcautifiiliy fiulptured. 
Thofc are near the aitdr. The old 



all their delight m horCe-lU'ni, und nu- 
merous oiher habits, cq-jajly pernicious. 
All thcfe, fay I to m)relf, will, luor.er 
or later, produce had contl-quei-cek. 
Life is, on all hands, allowed to be 
fuller of bitteis than Iwctts ; etgo, if t 
can obtain one innocent fweet (whichv 
by-thc-byc, may probably prevent my 



tombs <sie iiiakind of chapel, foiii>ed of purfuing a real bitter, though an iipjia- 



the South trani'ept uf thecrofs, in which 
ihape the church is built. 

Yours, &c. J. P. Malcolm. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 14.. 

I HAVE iatejy been perufing that ex- 
cellent, 1 had almolt (aid fublinx, 
paper ot Mr. AddifonN, in the Si>i^.ta- 
tor, upon the foicc of cuOom. lie 
there points out in a vciy ftnkink^ man- 
ner the power habits we forni h.ivc o\i.i- 
Our nnnds, and piocecds to [}iew lio«v 
G£NT. Mag. ttlruarj, 1793. 



rent fweet), 1 am dtiermined to putf 
on while the power of puftinu; itmtins. 
Although 1 am a young man, vuu will, 
peihtp^, fay 1 am .'n old -t <ihioni.d U-S- 
low ; but 1 am Ui fully ptiln-ded t»f ti.c 
nuo.ei-'U:. evtls in Itle, 1l1.1t 11 i^ iin lni;i 
<r|>ini<tn every iniMireiu an-i-fi-inci.c 
Ih- i:!^! not Oi'iiy he .Jlowcd bui ciicoi:- 
rat'ed. A lid 1 dciirc )vu to tell <«il 
yoiii fiiuiju^ to '.ea\e t if teizin^^ p.> ^-.c 
.ilt«iut hich tiiiUs; for, if '.!.ey c.»!; iind 
1.0 ireucr tault:> to e.\paiutc vtij ihcy 



r04 Mr. and Mrs. Griffith— S'^M»/«ii.—--Rrv. Math. Unwii 



impartiality in the diAribution of mathe- 
matical honours to the candidates for 
the firft degree of arts, — but, that an 
examination equally fevere is not at the 
iiime time inAituted under the fdndlion 
oftheUniverHty, to difcoverand reward 
great attainments in lefs abftra£k and 
more neceiTary branches of learning. 
My mixt accufation is of a higher kind, 
that, whereas, in academical founda- 
tions, liberally endowed, and pidufly 
defigned, to promote the intereAs of 
mankind, not more by the c§mmumcation 
than the txtenfion of knowledge, omnia 
novU operibns et ulttri$ribus progreffi- 
bus circumftrepere debenr, we hear of 
little or any new and original inveOiga- 
tion in fciences, that evidently admit 
and call for advancement. 

Oxford engtofles, with few excepti- 
ons, the Muies of elegant and clallical * 
learning. Edinburgh has produced, and 
Aill produces, the moft eminent mailers 
in the theory and the art of medicine, 
and the whole philofophy of phy(ics. 
In that and the other Scotch univermies, 
M'Lauiin, Duncan, Simfon, and others, 
have been bred, whofe woiks are here 
applauded for their ingenuity, and ho* 
Boured by a reception into general ufe. 
That other more nu me rousdafs of pub- 
lic profeflbr« have carried much depth 
of* erudition, and much acutcncfs of 
intelle£l, with fuccefs perhaps not ai* 
^ays equal, to refearches into the fub* 
jeds of MetaphyHcs, Morals, Policy, 
Hiftory, and the Belles Lettres. A- 
mongft modern names, need I mention 
BtattiCy Reid, and Stewart, chiefs of 
the fchool that rears its formidable head 
BgaiflA the do^rines of Locke, Bruce, 
Campbell, Fergufon, Smith, Robeni'on, 
and Blair, who muft at lea'ft be allowed 
the full merit of laborious endeavours 
to ctaAify obfcrvations into fcience, to 
tdvance beyond whtfl wits difcovercd, 
and to illuftrate what was obfcure, in 
the various walks of knowledge, often 
with an immediate reference to ufcful 
and important application ? 

How much of this praifc can the abnti 
mattr Cantabr^im claim for her fons, 
fupportcd by mdepcndent and ampler 
revenues, with every advantage of a 
more retired and dignified leifure, and 
a more ample accefs to the treafured 
ftorts of antient and modern literature ! 
Yours, &c. A RbFORMEa. 



death of Mr<. Giiflfiih, who h 

given me pltafurc by her cicj 

in^s; hue on reflection I coul 

rejoicing at her dc.ith; feeing'* 

tioned Sb the reli& of Rich»n 

Efq. I nerer heard before of 

and am cotain, from the erej 

fhe had for him, tliac his deari 

hecoDfidered by all her friends 

fing. 1 (hall cfteem it a favou 

formed when he c!ied-^he w 

general a writer as his wife. 

The Qordian Knor, The h: 

The Tnumviratf, arc all he 

lilhed ; and the laH I have r 

much pleafure from, that I wit 

municatc it to otlierSi and I m 

der it is not more read, as it 

admired. Mrs. Grifiich's lent 

it being the fame as my owi 

take the liberty to copy part 

** it is rich even to luxuriancy 

langu:ige, fenitment, folic, i 

and furprifc ; there are many f 

it which (eize upon the heart 

and leave the cye> to mourn it* 

even without a with to fct it f 

there are pallaifcs in it (f]:c adi 

olFend me not lo much as a ci 

woman and a mother; (fhe 

is certain he would not put tl 

fcript (it was not at the time of 

ing printed) into the hands o 

or dau^ liter ; ho'.vcver, I b 

printed it without the wifhcd-ti 

tion ; and though I do not recG 

to the fair (ex, yet I think tl 

gentleman will read it with pie; 

1 truA without any injaiy to hi^ 

I hope fome correrpondcnr wi 

me when Mi . Griffith died j ant 

thcBriAol milk woman, wiih 1 

ticulars of her life and wridni; 

hope ihc is not dead, as I have 

formed. Yours, &c. V 



1 



Mr. Urbak, Fib, 7. 

N yovr Obituary, p. 93, I could not 
help llMding tears on reading tho 



Mr. Urban, 

IN vol. LXII. p. 1298, W. 
to be a great ftickler for 
and TioifpQonJuh, Wext they 
tin£^ words, he certainly would 
as we cannot fay fuUs ; but a 
fpo9nful {yiut cuillerec Fr.) tob 
word, I fee no difficulty in writ! 
fuh in the plural. Here the ft 
and adje£iive joined make but < 
pound. The fame is to be faid 
Jult une poign^e in French • 

*it* An old CoBBBSPOKDiir' 
much obliged by any anecdotes 
Math I AS Unwin, who died 
Medley and BuckJand, in Kent, i 



i 



■#•■ 



jr- 



Kedleflon Chmch, — Theughtt on the Force efCuftom. 



lOj 



BAW, Jan. 30. 

CSTON church (jtt platt I.) 

re*b»r\, dc^'caTcd to AH 
nc buiidini; is more remar- 
?he aftcmiliin^ load oF ivy 
1 its walla thno for fize or 
dLH^n. It it furioupdtd by 
':1«lc'« noble mansion and of- 
has been the place of fcpul- 
lit anceftfTS for many ages. 
of moDumenis, fome antienc 
ed,.and ocher& quite niixicrn, 
noulderiiig walls. There are 
r^nient, near the altar, t^xo 
;ck of oak (circul:ir) with 
Jt them. They excited my 
Jind Lord Scarldale's fervanc 
lifted them. They clufed two 
cles : at the bottom of one 
d of Hone in ch.iin*armour ; 
icr, a female w'v.h drapery 
nd the head. There is no 

near, that may had to %vho 

iliou)!h, no duubtp iome of 
ns. Whether it wa^ a fancy 
t;ner of the tomb, or ihai the 
may have been r-ctifcd, is now 
lifcovcred. I have never fcen 
*tf the kind before. Another 
ntb of the Curcons in this 
I Mhicli aie the effigies of the 
WMS intended to commemo* 
bas reliefs of their children, 
inion on numberlefs altar- 
f g'Tcn rife to 1 know-not- 
ar tradition of the lady's ha- 

a number ef children at a 
i one dropping fomewhcie, 
lofi. I do not contend that I 



ncceflfary it is thofc habits fh^nld tint be 
dangerous ones, that thev Ornuld fuit 
our circumHancrs and coidiciim, and, 
above all, be of inch a ndtuie as to n: 
us for an eternal ft ate. Upon rending 
his admirable obfcrv<itions on liiis Tub* 
jcft; 1 could not lielp thinkini; th^r, in 
this age, we aie iriuch more earned in 
difcountenaocing cuAoms which are 
realiy innocent, thao thnfe which have 
the nc^reft connexion with our happi- 
ntfi in (hit world, and that which is co 
come. To fuch delicacy are we no«v 
arrived, that the innocent an^uf'emcnta 
of fmoking toi)ac€o, and taking fnutf, 
with many other habits tqually harm- 
lefs, are cunfidercd as hirjily dil'iruDir.g 
and impolite. Good C?(;d, Mr. Ui- 
ban, is ic rational, i^ it jul). th<4t m.4r. 
tcrs fo unimportant fhould be fo fcrupu- 
loufly avoided, while gaming and dt- 
bauchtry of every fpeciet are pra£lif'ed 
and countenanced without controul } 
We live in fuch very delicate and falii- 
dious times, that, if a man in genteel 
life w«re to fmoke a pipe of tobacco, he 
wfiuld be much more fevereiy baited 
thjn if he debauched another mnn't 
wife,, or fate up in St. J^tiiics'sfireec 
two nights and two dayh, and got his 
legs fwelicd by it, as I have kn->wn 
fome men do. 1 am a voung man, Mr* 
Urban, and I fomciimc!* meet with 
bucks who laugh at my fmoking; but, 
regarding them not, I puft'on, and thus 
1 moralize 1 Many young men have 
formed habits of gaming, others of 
drinking} fome are never happy unlefa 



with a large company; m?ny are extra- 
corre£) in the p<irticuUrt of yaganily fond of hne apparel; fome take 
erful Hory, ihough it ha^been all their delight in horfc-flefh, and nu- 
3 me alrnofl every time J men- merous other habits, equally pernicious, 
r chuich when in Derbyfliire. All thefe, fay 1 to myfelf, will, foor.er 
tniide rn monuments, 1 think, or later, produce bad confequerceai* 
>ned by Mr. Adams, the ar- Life is, on all hands, allovicd to be 
They are tsr^e, of flatuary fuller of bitteis thanfweets; f/go, if £ 
and beautiftiify fcuiptured. can obtain one innocent fweet (which, 
e near the ^Itar. The old by-the-bye, may probably prevent my 
in a kind of chapel, formed of purfuing a real bitter, though an nppa- 
tranfept of ihecrofs, in which rent fweet), 1 am determined to puif 

on while the power of puffin;; rcm.tins. 
Although 1 atn a young man, you mi!!, 
peihips f»y 1 am .m old-frifhiorud leU 
low; hut 1 am fo fully ptrlnnded of the 
nutiici'juu evils in hie, ihdt it n my tiiia 
r pinion every innocent aniufcnKiiC 
lh"L)U! not on!y be allowed bui cncou- 
rat^ed. And L dclire you to tell all 
your fiicnds to leave c ff leaziug pccple 
about fuch triAcs ; for, if iliey cm\ hud 
i;o treatcr faults to expatiate on, ihcy 

iud 



church IS builr. 

i, &:c. J. P. Malcolm. 



iBAN, Jan. 14. 

'. lately been perufing that cx- 
, 1 had atmolt laid fublinu, 
4r, Addi(bn*fi, in the Spcita- 
the foice of cuOoni. lie 
IS out in a veiy ftnktng nQcin- 
wer habi:t we form h^vc oVi.r 
s, and proceeds to Dicw how 
Mau. iflruarj, 1793. 



1 10 Mfs Seward to Mifs Williams. — ^Ogier $f Denmark, 



but in Democraciet the pre] 
of tvil it inevitable. Inccffiti 
fantadic giddy change, cdi^ 
on fdndy and hopes built on 
thefe arc the effcfts of their 
Aability. May ED^lai>d' be 
from the dire expfnrncni I 

Adieu, my dear fiiend \ 
refpe6^ your' country h^^If as 



or of that barbarous^ lonely, and life- 
long, impiifonment, which fomcof thy 
perfecutors have advifed at a more po' 
iitic revenge on thy unreal guile than 
the bow Hrin^, the dagger, or the axe* 
You confefs the turpitude of the Sep* 
tembcf mafTvcres, but allege that they 
were peq>etiated by three wretches, 
more dire and infamous than the Ro- 
man Triumvirate, with about fifty more, love and refpeft you, and we 
86ting as their inArumcnts in that work ccafe to view you in a ft^te ol 
of death; thaN a gcncial conflernation cnatioD, and of impending d: 
had j'one fonh, n»i one knowing how __— ». 

far ti>e plan of' murder extended : but 
that thole viliiint have not yet lictn 
brought to jiilUce proves that Roland 
fpoke truth, when he :jlfcrttd to the 
National AlTcmbiv, that** THEIR LAWf 
V,'¥.V.¥ IN THE SLEfeP OF UEATH." 
Wretched, wretched ConAitutiuu, a- 
gainfl which tiiat dreadful charge is 
trtily brought I 

* Then fliill inf.'li.itc Tyranny range on 
Till each man drop by loiicry." 



OGIER OF DEN^ 

OGIER is well known by 
bis exploits perhaps not 
The remote period in whici 
and the diiercnt tafte of eai 
have reread a duOy veil of 
over. them, bopc'ering on obli 
Ogier left Brldwin, hisfav 
bv the hand of the fon of the 
lie was the firft-fruit of his 
the darling of his hcirt; the 
memorial of hU vouthfal yea 



Fly, dear Htlen, that land of car- 
nage ! from the pernicious influence of an unfuccersfuj attack of rcve 
that equalizing f> Hem, which, indcad of life of the murderer^ con6i 
difTafing univerfal love, content, and paUce of the Archbifhop 1 



happinefsy lifts every man's hand againft 
his brother. 

Politicks are almoft as much the ge« 
neral iheme here as with you. The 
reftlefs ambition of our fc^arict { the 
defperatiou of our garreticts and fpend- 
thrifts; the arrogant theories of empiric 
philofophert, who love Ipeculative I'yf. 
tcm much better than experienced po* 
Jicv ; thefc dancerou*: propcnfities were 
bt};inning to diffuic, w ith alarming fuc- 
ceis, the venom of ungrateful and re* 
bcllious piide amongft the ever eafily* 
dazzled vultiar i but 1 truft the fpirited 
and tinielv cxcition of our Legiuatr>rs, 
and the public rcjiouingb of true VVif* 
dom, hrtve thoioughly awakened our 
populace to liitir r/«/ inrercf^. Never 
. do I lemembcr fuch an univerfal glow 
of Lovalty, fucli a grateful and fervent 
fenle of the bkliings of our balanced 
Governmtnr, as (ccm no<w to pervade 
all the ordcis of Bmilb Jbciety. 

The frailly ul human* nature confi- 
d^red, we have certainly no moie right 
to expc£l pcrfci'ticn in Government 
than from individuals, in every per* 
fon, iu all inHUutiont, much of evil 
will be found intermingled with the 
puicll virtue. The prcpcuderance of 
^ood, which is licclarcd to be enough 
for Hea\€Oy ought to be enough for us| pslSon terminates in amazcai 



was obliged to reprefs bis ps 
guiih, and, rcfling in the co 
of a righteous caull, he wai 
whether his proccfs would b 
on in this period of exiflence 
red to the tribun^il ol crcrr 
fortunate ilfue of a finple ct 
the giant Bruhier, imporiani 
five to the fate of France, 
O^ier came off conqueror, 
h'm at length the v.ifhtd-fo: 
nity for giving vent at will i 
mentin^ emotions of h'.s he 
murderer of his B.ildwin is 
into his hands; the father is 
his judge; the confi-nt of ( 
Great, and the undiffcmbled 
of a whole FflVmbiy, are on 
his pain n\Ay now b'urft fortl 
heroifm only yielded to his 
W^o could here cxpeft any 
than that which f'ctmtd fa^oi 
very nature of the calc ? Og 
is drawn ; every eye is fij 
(Iroke ; at this moment its de 
nvull fall, and— 

Ala» I our tears fell bcfc 
bleeding he^ of the blamel 
but now we gaze at his ma 
The beams of his majeAic m 
moifteiied checks, and our n 



1 7 93«1 ^jp^'^H Story of Ogicr ef Denmark. 111. 

neimpirialUnt9uthehanksofthel.o\xQ. juflly be charccH ivith an error. The 
_, - , _ rM_ I ^ t word of an emperor is like the word of 

Charles /*/ Cr/ii/, Char!em|igre. ifr.*- ^,^,^,^ ^^,, ,,^^^.^, i„vi.,!al,lc .nd 

*j*? Turpin, Og.er, /Tirr^'A// ^;fJ ^,^^„^, Convince iia- nor of a xr.\?. kc. 
hobUs of tke Emptrt, a aorwd of p^, .^h^j ^.^u |,,v.: pron.-.fUl, ;ind ilcli- 
reopie, ^^.j. ^j, vour Ion. 

Charles ftattd % f» ^« n^ht-hnnd CharWs (paUfulh). Dcarlv »!< P thou 
jldJiis Ai/y^Ji : e>i iftf'i /#^/, the Arcbbijkop, mnkc mc pay for thy vi£>orv ! Oh ' that 
Hi raifii lumfif/.'} To thioe arm, my 1 could but rcflore it to t.';tt ! I 
Ogicr, I owe this j^lorious vi£\ory over hsvc ptirch-^fid a heaven for r.n- pco- 
ihc African, and the tianquillitv of our p|e by a hctl for my he^irt. Oh! by 
empire. The tribet of the Ilmihtn the Holy Tiiniiy, tlic h.iikfiin cannot 
h;ive already abandoned my bordrr». (Yand ! This baiter h^s ma<.fc \ou rich, 
and 1 behold only h.^ppy Kibjc^s aronr.d and be^'c.arcd me. Oijer ! by the (h.)de 
ine. Ii !j ihe fruii •f ihv valour. This of thy Pjcat foitfarher Oocim, by thy 
» day's fun rofc glorioufl) to you all ; Aill fame in arms, by the ciiivilrv thou 
nnie (rlorious to you wjll it ftt, Whe- hononrcft — may 1 fill! add — by ii»c love 
ther it will do fo u» me? Thr cimvn, thou bcirtft to thy kir.d mafur; I ad- 
alis ! weight hc^vy on my bend ; (here juie thee, rend not my parerna! heait* 
is fciice any red on the couch mf an Behold I I give thee up mv fun- 
emperor. Caret lie left gentle on the O^itr (Jitrnlj). And the murderer o6 
brow of a fovereign than on that of the fnine ! 

fubjed. But, alas) they are mild in- Charles. His youthful impetuofity 
deed in compiiifon of the c:rief of a fa- drove him to the derd. 
iher in danger of lofin^ the darling; of Og'ur. His died has made mc child- 
hiiheart. The imptriil purple vainly IcU. 
[ bides hit anguiOii hit pains are more Cbarlts (tuitb rinn^ paffion). And 
dreadful under if. I have given thee, aoi I« therefore, to i)c m^de chiUilcft 
0){iery my imperial word ; ah! re- too? Oh f the confideratc murderer I — 
turn it now to the Father, though thou What put the dasTgcr mro the hand of 
vou.'deft, perhaps, fcarcely do (o to the my fon muft ilrike it out of thine { what 
Emperor. In picfence of the princes excufcs my fon mull be thine accufa* 
ef my empire I gave thee this prumife, tion ; what Juftifics lum mud be thy 
tad thou didft accept it ; I dare not re- condemnatio'i. Mow ! have I brought 
toft it. But I d<ire to Itt my hcait him up daintily a> a M£lim to thy ven- 
'alced befoix thee, and thou niayell be* geance ? or, hafi thou conceited with 
hold it* wounds 1 Spcak^-what dod his mother? How! 
thou requite ? Ogier (unionctrnf^h), Ntithcr; but 

Ogur (€%ldly)* That you keep your you !ta»c given mc your WK.xiS. 
pre mite facred. Cbarlts (in a kurj} tj tajf.on). Now 

Charles. And neught but that?'— then let the ri>vci£i^:i (pc.k, if thoa 
Thy furrowed brt)w and ihy gloomy wilr not hcnrken to the fa; her. Baroa- 
eye fpuke long before thy tongue. It rian ; thr>u flia'l not have him. (Ht 
ii ru m R u red i h at t h o u w t r t o n c c m 1 o ve« g raifs bit Jvfor;f ; (h if r h oltHy fieps /^r- 
lovc in thee inuA have been an error of nuard to bim. Sullft murmurs among 
Vaiure. Thy heiirt is as hard as thine the piople). Heir mc, vallal ! 
aimour. Even Eliza's bofom could not ArtbLijbopl urpin (tn:erpoJing).VtdiCt^ 
fafliion it to a foftcr temper. IJuw oft, in the name oi God ! Hold, gracious 
«'hcn, in the rage of battle, thou rode (I Monarch I Back, O^ier I — Not long 
by my fide, and my fword was br;<n- ago we fang a hymn of praife to the 
diflitd over the head of the defencelaft, great Lord of Life and Death for the 
hift thou checked the flroke, and gentiy repofe he has granted his people after 
ptetfcd my right-hand to thee ! 1 then fo great toil and bloodllied ; fhall we 
Kxikedon thee— (aw thee fmile. This now provoke his wrath afrefli ? Pardon 
ever rejoiced my heart. Poor Empeior ! me, my gracious Liege ; I muft fpeak. 
that \V4S another Ot*ier; alike alone in thus. Your welfare is aboveall to mc* 
trmt and name. The former was a What is the outwaid fentbiaucc of con- 
ilcvout follower of Nature; in this (he cord, when animcffitv and difcoid make 
bi^ even vilified herfclf. Or doll thou ravages within? What but an ap^a- 
polfefi courage enough to fliew me chat rtntly fertile mountain, covered with 
lam miftikcn ? woods and ihrubs, whofe entrails ara 

O^Ur, If jfutt do not miftakci I may confumed by volcanic firci ? O, my fo- 

f crci^D ( 



112 



JiffeBing Siory ofOgicv £/* Denmark. 



Ttrcign ! it wounds my heart that I muft 
addiefs you thus. liui, were I filent, it 
vould be i* crime. 1 CtniK'C g've (duc- 
tion to wlat you u'tcr; for you have 
fuoin, ^nd you know \\\f (olcnin natuie 
cf un o^ih. Knighthood is virtual!/ 
ah,v.l;(hcd, when the imj)Ciial <vord bc- 
coiT.ts a ]c(\; the bi-»nd fh;it lits your 
people to vour hcAii i^ then rpuuti- 
rtauHy J-lForvcd, and fidelity becomes 
an empty name. O potent monarch! 
thou who h^n gained lo many vi£loiUs 
over the hin^hty f^c, gain one viftoiy 
o^ei thy^iiiijhiy heart. Give us an ex- 
ample, ibc ^reatn^ls whtiieuf Ibnll be 
the wont^er of aj!;t.s to conie, wbuJi ru- 
riK;ur uill not ioiicc;il, wliioh hifloiy 
will r.v<: p.iTs vVvtr. A^\ ni t'uch manner, 
til-it poiiviity uiay txcldim, amjiztd, 
•* \Vc tan but jufl conceive u j CtiarU; 
«lone could do it i" (A lottg pnu}r\ and 
thftt 'Uiih emphafts) ChaiicS the Ciitai ! 

Cbarhi. O Goc ! il»cn muft I 

( Interna I p tin prwcM.s hitn from fartbtr 
utif ranee.) 

Arcbtijiop. Ulcf.'vd he ihe mo-ncnt 
when mv Ifvereign (poke thus. 'Iherc 
fpdkc thviVif in cvtiy word !— And now 
(turnitt£ to O^itr) a few things to thee. 
0%ifr (iA!ttb averttd tvuntfnanct). 
Be bnef. 

Jrcbb'jlop. As brief as if I were to 
bid's fi»\ iTiOit..! foe.— Thou traceH back 
tl:y pedigree to the Round-table knights ; 
ha| py tor thee that thttu canll. But 
kiiOvv thou likewiic what rcmlercd ibeir 
renon n immortal. Thofe kntghts were 
not mtreHcjoes; thev wtre alfo hu- 
mane and magnanimous Men. Heroilm, 
without Humanity, is a naked fwoid in 
a boyiih hand ; and beioic deeds alone 
■re wafted away like the dull beneath 
thy hoifeS hoofs, and their memorial is 
perifh^d ere the fecond generation. 
Magnanimity it the line heioic valour 
ipms , and, when magnanimiiy has con« 
iummatcd its work, heioic deeds are 
formed into an uodecaying tiiTue. ^reat 
was the anguifh of thy paternal heait, 
whtn thy Baldwin was raviflied from it; 
that I know ; and that it was ju(\, I feci. 
But fay : the wounds which his death 
)!tfli£icd on thy heart canno: polfibly 
Aill bleed, or—thou hadA by liiis time 
bled thy life away. They muft have 
long been ciofed. And tell me, knii;bt, 
ivere thy woes f'o fweet (o thee, that thou 
canft fo ardently wiQi to iccall their 
image? Or thinked thou that imperial 
feelings are lefs human feelings, and im- 
pcfui tears Ids moving ihaJi tUc tcais of 
7 



knights? O^icr, how poor 
would all France be to iher, 
to rcnriunie thy claim, and atf 
forgive the nuirdercr of thy f 
ivarMib.) The higiK^l inju 
iiioft exalted forgif encfs readi 
in generous fouls ! For niwe 
heroic deeds together, ^nd » 
a^ainft t!te t^.o ^moi iitile « 
forgive r* Oh! thou would! 
which fcale would flnke, a 
at thyfclf, and thy un^eneroi 
Ogitr (iiffrcfit*d)» Bifhop, 
knight 'rflone. Thoul.tttckn 
is generous or ungenerous to t 
uf a knicht. 

AicLhi/Lof, (To tbi Empen 
giaci(tui» mon;4ich, my bufii 
to an endy youM to its beg 
know vdu are refoivcdj dcce 
eipef.ii(ti(>ns. 

Cka*Us (Inaloivtont). H 
Ar<kbt/bop (H^itb milatiebol 
at itr Empiror, and iben < 
Oj;Jtr! 

O^nr (Laying bis band on 
And 1 too dare not. 

abatiis (H^itb feemtHg « 

Give him my Car .... ( 

ibe ^A tj the nverdi he cover 

(Tbe Arcbb'jbop fi!iatiy gOt 

trimbling CarhmaM, and li 

tbi boKii to Ofiier, O^irr y 

liranvs bu brtaJ-fyoorJ luitl 

band, *u,biU biJut,io:jlf ft.ict 

by tke b&ir iv tb bis left. A 

in tbi njohoit ajjr.mbly, Tb 

It ft id. Tbe Emperor vinbi 

Htaf t'breal'iig /igbs of tbe m 

Ogier (Suddeniy Utiing go 

tbro ws a*way bis Jn/nord, 

nance cbami^es inioai^entie/m 

one iijojfuiiy Ju^prixid, or ^ 

bansefo jurprixtJ J'ome otbtr^ 

licgc lord ! (tbroiumg bim 

feet) behold me pioftittc b 

Pardon mc for the giicf I \ 

ihee to fetl ; but 1 did it id < 

.c.iufc the c greater. Look d( 

wat fove reign f Lo, here 1 

litre ft.iiids thy fon, whofe i 

rred to me as thy own \ All 

is at an end between us, on 

lure as 1 hope forgivenefs ol 

God ! Be comforted ! thy ' 

,lliii alive; there, take htm i 

my embtaccs. 

A general /tout oj^ Long 
noble Ogicr! 

(TinJicr imlffocei hitwui 
Jan.) 



kA«««a««^«»fl] 



I T90ogr^kUmi D^firiptkn •{ Homi- purchaft.obtainedthe manor; for, Hugh 

TOii. rvDETOliSHIitE. mHJreJtd t§ Courtenay, the fccond earl, gave it to 

tkltnr. Richard Polwhelb. h» fon Sir Philipj a proof the property 

IPv loHK FeltHAM. ^'* "^^ annexed to the title. With 

^ "^ * thif family it has continued ever fincc, 

«1|i»ftam the fte«p, •midft fcaUei'd fanni Willitm Lord Vifcount Courtenay be- 

'W-'-«iil|ro«e«^ ^ in^ the prefent proprietor. The parifli 

^ 1 ifau M iti HomtOQt far valley rovii-" include, feme fmal I /r manors". *^Bat- 

"' * *^' tifliorn, which Sir Oilberr Knovil r«- 

HQNETON, in the Sooth-eaft bor- ferved, had Humphry Arundel for its 
. lier of DcToa, cunflituting part hi lord, who headed the' Cornifli rebels in 
n-Astniinfter hundred, it 156 miles £<|ward the Sixth's reign. It wa< 
Wdft^i London, near the river Otter, bought by Walter Yonge, cfq. and be- 
«Udi hence, after a conrfe of len miles, i^ngg now to Sir George Yonge, K. B. 
iM peilinf the town of Ottery St. Ma* The town is on the great WeHern road, 
^uSi% into the Entlifb channel at Or- ,5 ^\\c% Eaft of Exeter, in one of the 
Urtln. U ia bonnded on the Eaft by f)„eft pans of the county, in a vale 
riiiri|Mrilhc&.of MonAon end Offwil, on adorned with the majcftic promontories 
Ae Snnih bt Farwny and Sidbury, on of Hembury fort, St. Gyres, and Git* 
HtWefthjGiiiifiiamand Awlifcombe, tilham hills, whofe variegated fides aU 
«d the river on the North divides it ^ays produce the charm of novelty % 
Inm Crorobrawleigh. The parifii it thefe, with a diftant ^iew of others be* 
AhII* being about eight milet in cir- yond Exeter and Cullumpton, give a 
cnmference, and it in good cultivation 1 f^yp d»ail, which, for graceful neft and 
At foil, which varies, it chiefly a rich beautiful fcenery, may vie with Italy *. 
inm mad ^*7» ^^^ moftly pafture and Honiton is a borough by prcrcription 
meadow land. About fi%e tons of but- from Edward the Firft's time; but, 
ttr am lent weekly to London, durii^ negleAini: its right near 400 years, it 
the fienfon, from the vicinity s of courfe ^vas, by William Pole, efq. in the i6th 
At cfaecfc ia defedive in quantity and Charles I. reftored to this diftinaive 
iliiy. The incloforet, which arc honour^; the right of e|e6lion being in 
11^ u« fcreened by loxunant hedges, tbofe paying fcot and lor, and houfe- 
ta, but not of a large kind, are nu- keepers potwallcrs, not receiving alms; 

toa. The cyder made in the adja- which right of the iatter was exercifed 
pariftea it greater and better than every fucceeding: clt£tion 1 and, on a 
!•• petition againfl Waiter Yonge, efq. ia 

^ The manor of Honiton was pofTefled 1701, it was confirmed by a Committee 
VvDrago, a Saxon, but was given by of Commons; but, in 1710, upon a 
WUIfam the Firft to his half-brother, fpecial return of Sir Williitm Drake, 
Robert, Earl of Moreton, afterwards bart. Sir Waiter Yonge, b^rt. and 
Earl of Cornwall, fon of Hddotta, the James Sheppard, efq. the portreeve re - 
Conqueror't mother { 10 whom fuc- terred the matter to the Houfe, who 
seeded William, hit fon, who, taking then decided it to be in thofe paying 
vift with Robert the Norman againft fcot and lot only i but, in 1724, it %vas 
Henry theFtrfl, was taken, and loft hit again fettled to be likewife in potwaU 
poffellions. The manor, now in the lers, not having received alms. This 
gift of Henry, wat prefented to pe borough, in common with many others, 
Redvcrtf'Sarl of Devon. Ifabella dc fuffered a total extinction of its antienc 
Fortibutp the Jaft of thit family, fold it rights by Jamet il. giring it a ebarttr^ 
to Edward the Firft, who then trans- and invefting the right of e!e£lion in 
ferred ii 10 Sir John Knovil, On the freemen only, all of whom were packed 
reftoration of Hugh Courtenay to the country gentlemen 4. The ufual rou- 
enildom of Devon, he, proba bly b y tine of officert were chofens, and met 

* Stuf ^ir Wi tV'^™ Pole VCoileClIons on Devonltaire, 410, Nichols, 1791. 

* Sea Baieiti't Tour to Itily, cum multis aliit. 

3 ^ £x dono Gulielmi Pole, armigeh, qui ex amnre banc oppi Jam, pcne 400 annis inter- 
rotsflfi, jam juri burgenfium relloravii in parhamcnto, i6to regis Carol!, ni nj Domini x6ic, 
fecundum antiquum figillum hujus burgis." Engraved round the bc^ou^h feal, with Qie 

arms of Pole. 

4 See BonMC't Hiftory of his own Times, vol. I. fol. p. 625, 1724. 

s Sir Thomas Putt, bart. was the firft mayor; but^ being alfo chcfen member, the king 
xcinaved hao, and John Pole, efq. was elc^eU. 
Gent. Mag. M'atfV} ■79i« in 



wnii 
ImII 



114 Topographical DifcriptUn of Honlton, DeYooflure. 

ID the t9<wn-bmlh but of that, or of the tower; which tradkimi rtporti 

records of the court, there are now no figure of Elizeai Har4iDr« dcri 

dire6( traces. On the Revolution, it in icij wai a grtacbcncficbrlo 

reverted to its old conftitution. At the the founder of, this edifice. Ic 

laft eIe£tion 373 pcrfons polled. A dicated to All Sainti. Tbtrean 

portreeve, chofen annually, 11 the re* byterian, an IndependeBC, ud i 

turning officer. The place conlint Baptift, meetings. The ptrift* 

principally of one large onen flreet, is half a mile diftanl, 00 « M 

paved, lighted, watered, and provided nence, the accefi to which it hf 

with common fewert, and in an impro* road and walk, which it veiy 1 

Ting ftate^. The buildings convey no The living is a redorj, chargfi 

trace of antiquity, being moAly new- king's books at 40I. 4s, ad. s tl 

built, the fires of 1747 and 1765 lea- fen t value about 400!. ffr ^umra 

ving fcarcely any part unburnt 1 thev parfonage is a little to the righi 

are moftly covered with (late, which church, it a good houfe, and 

gives them a pleafiog e£fe£t at a difiance. eztenfive glebe. The tithes an 

The tenures are renewable life-lcafes, kind, but are at jprefent paid bv 

poflefling the fpirit of feudalifm. The pofition of as. 3d. in the pouna, 

ftrmers are generally tenants at rack* ding to the real rent. Near the 

rent. The land-tax raifed annually in are ftablcs to accommodate th( 

the parilh is 614I. 19s. Sd.i the poers- ride. The chancel, the moft 

rate on an average 550 1, pir annum \ part, was probably a little ch 

the county rates at prefent about 20 1. mendicant friars: its fitu^tion i 

The workhoufe is large, neat, and road-fide favours this idea. Tli 

healthy. The market is on Saturday, confifting of a nave and ailfi 

and a tair \% held in July. The woollen added by degrees. Biihop Cm 

inanufa£U>ry it carried on, and rich lace lord of the manor about 1480, 1 

and edgioet made. A free-fchool it tower, which it fquare, embai 

endowed with a houfe and fmall falary. feet high, with five bellt. The 

A fchool of indufiry for girls is fup- including the chincel, is 75 fe 

ported by ladiet, and a, charity and and 48 feet broad. The church 

Sunday-fchool about to be efiablilhcd rather fmall, adorned with eij 

by fubfcription. The chapel, in which fpiral yews. It has few, but ft 

weekly duty, and fubfcription-ledure tombs; a headflone for Thoo 

on Sunday evenings, are performed, is kcr, a butterman, who was rob 

of uncertain antiquity, but fo ruinous murdered near Exeter, April 1 

in 17429 that it was completely taken In the North fide of the church 

down : at this time it had a low obtufe nument for Anne Baker, whodi 

fpire with three fmall bells. The new July, 1770 aged 15 ; alfo, Sufa 

chapel began re-building by fubfcrip- her mother, rcii£l of Rev. Thoi 

tion, and advanced foflowly, that little ker, re£tor of Hungerford, Berl 

more than a tower with a cupola and fix died 25th OAobcr, 1785, agei 

bells was finifiied in 1765, and which Near ibe door: a tomb for ' 

the great fire that year totally defiroyed. Maiwood, gent, phyfician to 

The prefent is a neat nru£lure, with a Eiiaabeih7, who died in the 

fquare embattled tower of flint with fix faith, iSth Sept. 16171^ ageda^i 

bells, a clock and chimes, which was Alfo, his wife Temperance, w 

completed and opened in 1769. The 9th 0£lober, 1644 [noage].— < 

tenor^ made with the melted metal of a door : a monument for Bridge 

larger fixe, hat this motto in allufion : great grand-daughter tothenbo' 

Corripuit me flamma vorax deprtjfare' mas Marwood, and reli^ of. 

furgo Ford, of Honiton, batchelor of j 

Ac au&o didici fortius or t hqui. who died 3d March, 174^, a 

The only remains of the antient Arms: Gules, a cafile, in bafi 

building is an effigy placed in an clc- p^tcc Or, for Ford, impaling, ( 

vat<'' niche at the VVcit end of the chevron Ermine, between thr 

^ By an a£t patTed 30 Geo. HI. for improving the town. 

7 During the progrcfc of Chnrlcs the Firlt in the Weft, on the 25th of July, 
ilept one nic^ht at Dr. Marwood's, a phyfician, in Hoiiitoa.. Ce!/effu?i,a Cmrhfm, vo 
Xiil. This was, doubtlel's^ the fon of the abwve. This houfo is now the piop 
refidence of W. J. Tucker, M.A. rector of Wid worthy, who is a mateinal deftmi 
koih Uiofe. The houfe was buill by Jeka MarwuoU, pkyrician, and l^id^et hie wi 



l/jjr] • Tdp^rapiical Defiripihn §f Hotiitonj DevonQiire. iij 



kmk flnfed proper, for M^rwood'^ 
If tW North -caft corner i a babdfoine 
■MBcat for John Bla^doo, efq. bu« 
iM loch December, 1714, aged 45, 
Mi ■ao? of the family. Arms : Aa. 
llRC,trcroila Argent, 00 achief inden- 
lid Oaks, tvro ananlets Or, for Btag^ 
Ihar orber fliieldi with alliances.-— 
te the South fide : a monumenc for 
Jsncs Sbeppard, efq. fcrjcanr at law, 
aid member for Uooiton* who died 
>7I0» agMl 49* Arms: Q^iartcrly, ift 
atd 41b, Sable, a fcfs Argcac, in chief 
duec bactleazes paleways of the fecood, 
with a label I id and 3d, Argent, a 
lioa rampant with fcir^'c of croiTlns 
fitthy, Gules t Creft, a dog feiant Ar. 
|CM, fpotted with blood, hoofed Or, 
ۥ a wreath Argent and S=tble. A 
faaJl marble fhield for Elijah BlampiD, 
fat. who died 4th December, 1787, 
a^ 59. A marble buft uf VVilham 
Gill, cfq« who died 4th December, 
1756, aged 711 with others of the fa- 
■ilj. Arms: Per fefs. Azure and 
Argent, on a bend Sable three qaairc- 
Coils of the fecoodi a lion's head erazcd 
aad crofHet fitchy, at top, and,*in bafe, 
munierc hanged. Oo a fldt flooe in the 
chancel, an elegant Latin infcription ' 
fcr Eara Cteaveland, B. D. rector of 
BoBRon, who died 7rh Auguft, 1740, 
'i|Ml to. On two pillars, the Couire- 
■lyanns, Topjz, thice toircaux. On 
1*0 pillars, in the chancel, Prayjtr tbi 
/mi 9/Jcbm 7akillt mnd Jont t}s wjffe, 
«hh a mildrine Sable between 9. 'i'he 
ilur.piece is of ftone, with gilt tablets 
ef the Creed, &c. 1 the railing laii'cd on 
Mack and white marble iozengy. The 
orcan-gallery and fcreen is Bnely paiii* 
M and gilt, and of curious woikman- 
Aip* The brafschandeliers were given 
by Sir William Yonge, K. B. The 
nnt it fmall, lined with lead. The 



pulpit plain ; over which, at angles, in 
the cieling, are four faces, carved and 
painted, habited feparately with nviitgj, 
H mtre^ a c§n»l, mud MrwtOMr ; perhaps 
dtfigued for St. Michael, the dedica- 
tory faint, the tifi^p, tbt tMiumSimtt and 
the pair$ft, embiemaclc as fupportcrs of 
the fa brick «®. 

Of Reaors.— In Edward Ift, Henry 
dc Pynkenee >>. In Edward Hid, Mr. 
Sowerdon. In Henrv Vlllth, Mat* 
thew Fayrman, Mr. Bile, Mr. Tripp, 
Mr. Parke died in 1564, Henry Stee* 
¥cns who fucceeded died within the 
year 1564, Mr. Slade, Mr. DowriOi, 
Andrew Cockram, who died 1598, was 
fucceeded by John Robins. 1605, ^^^* 
lip Nichols. 1613, John Eedes, B. D. 
who, being a Royal ift, was in 1648 fe- 
queftered, and fucceeded, pre tgrnpon^ 
by Francis Sourton, a celebrated prea- 
cher, who, on the nBt of uniformity 
pafling, rcfigned, and, in i66x, was 
fucceeded by Ozias Upcotc 1698, Ezra 
Cleaveland, B.D. 1740, Charles Ber- 
tie, M.A. 1788, Edward Hooywood, 
B.A. The patronaee in the Courtenay 
family. At the vintation of the Col- 
lege of Aims, in 1620, no perfon en- 
tered cither pedigree or arms from Ho- 
niton. 

Of BenefaAions — Thefe are prefer- 
red on two tablets in the church ; the 
moft remarkable of which is, the chapel 
of St. Margaict, with a leffer houle ad- 
joining, and tenements and lands for 
Its fupport, which w&s left in 1550 by 
Thomas Chaid, the laft abbot of Ford, 
who was born at Tracey, near Honiton, 
and took his degree of D.D. in St« 
John's college, 1505. By a decree in 
Chancery, it is now Tcfled in the ie£lor 
and churchwardens for the admiHion of 
prjor perfocs ■>• This chapel f/ei pimti 
I!,) has one fmall bell, is 33 feet long. 



* Of which, for particular reafons, we requeft the favoiu* of a copy. Em r. 

9 There are no armorial infignn recorded in Ihe College of Anns for TmhUf nor in Sir 
V<i Pole's CoUeAioa of Arms of Devooftiire funilies ; but tlie name is arranged in the lift* 
This Jbfao Takell was a perfon of propert y ^ who lived in Hooiton in Henry the Seventh's 
He was verfed in the law : and his only daughter nuuried Raid win MaUat, lulidtnr 



lo Henry VIII. On two flat ftooes, near the above pillars, are thefe infcripdoos : ** Hie 
J0Ctt JUmoiaTaie//, vidua, fiut ohiit 13 dIrV Jk/iV, 1529,** ^ Hie jacet mofifier JoUnnet 
Mjfgi, qmndam rtSor hujus ecdefiitj tbefaurui Criditvu** No date to the latter } but to each, 
* CmJMM mmwut fmrtti Dms, jimen," 

'o This beautiful church is in expe^Utkio of a piAnrefrom the pencil of Ozias Humphry* 
•fiq. as a tribute of refpeA and love for the place of his birth. 

' ' Who was prober for the Bifhop of £xetcr in the parliament held at Carlifle. See Ac- 
terhnry's Rights of an Engliih Convucatkui, p. 488. The earlier part of the lift of redors 
1 pnlentoo the authority of a memorandnm in an old regifter. 

sa A fioaaU acknowledgement is paid to Sir George Yonge, K. B. Ihe chapel having been 
hoik on a fjnt given from the manor of Baitifliom. A chapel of tlie Dune name, and a lef • 
fa* honfii adjoining, exUM «C Tauxtfop prior to Henry YUl. %m Touhnia'k Hiilory of 
Tjoamif ^/tOf 1791, 



1 16 Iiyi^'7 0/ Honiton. — Tumului aptntd in Wefimorltnc]. 



•M 



I] feet wide, containt id humble dc(k, 

a forcn, (ad bonki, Prajcn, by one of 

the chiritf, ire read twice i-week. 

Mr. Prince and Mr. Wood itTeit Tho- 

niji Chaid to be the founder ; bat Mr. 

Cle»»eUnd ■ffi.mi it to haTt ezilled b*. 

fore hit time 'i. Thofe whom the vio- 

di£li*e Jeffieyi hid executed u. Honi- 

tan, for faruuiioK Moomouth, wcie, 

near thii fpor, boiled ia_piich, and their 

limb* filiced on the fliimblet, and other 

public plictti Mr. rout, a iroung Tur- TTOWEVER rude the mc 

geoit, of Honiioo, died with great for- JTl oFour aticellon mayippe 

tilude**. The name of Honiton ii of eyri of ■ more civilized race, 

obfcure elymology. Titn (ignifio tf £a- nnr. hnt th« humtilt tnmnlut ^ 

bittilioH, m f(<K>«| bfni'i, in the old 

Noiinan Fiench, lignificd the fame at 

it«U doe. Bo>v, thit U,Jiamf or Jif- 

gfaci. An old legend rvlalei, that, at 

a certain lime, alition all the women of 

the place weie liaricn, and of courfe 

childlefti that, to remedy thii e»il, 

they were enjoined by llie priefll to 



of ihc brave aCI oni peifornu 

nificent and k^orgeuui matblea 

long after thofe aie defaced b] 
eriing hand of Time, the grei 
id grey-moffy ftnp 



pair 10 St. Martjaiei'i chipcl, and paft ihe aid of Tculpture, will U\ 



one whole day and nighi ihi 

become pregi 

abufed their lonuaence. 1 ne aims or 
the borough (fee the gtcat ftal, fl. II. 
fig. 1), which ate finguUr, feeni to al- 
Ijide to fomewhat of ihit kind, ihough 
perhipi of Saxon or gin. It reprefc 
a pregnant female mdevor 
iufiHclaui to paituiient ivuii.c, d,, uu- 
' flcirie band above beneath an hontyk 
I'uckle, ihe tvHote rurrounded »ith 
bead*. Theie ii now, ho.vevcr, no 
accafion for any invocaijoo to the iaint, 
the tvat, or fi>»mt iind Jijgrace, of the 
town, being long fmce completely done 
Bway. The vicinity, though not fo po- 
pulout ai iiioic inland ruuationt. boadt 
a neighbouiIiODd at lepUtc with friend- 
fliip, horpilaliiy, anrt potilepeft. The 
rtpiefcniiiivei aie, Sii George Yonge, 
KB. and George Templer, efq. The 
prevalent amulemenii ire dancing and 
crd-afTembliei, > ■■ ' 
I will conclode 



fleepi, on hit humble bed, a 
fiQii, they would At what peiiod one of the 1 
[be faint nerer defcni-ion (iaieir difcovered a 

TL <■ . ^^ ^^^ Lo^j gf ,^^ Minor . 

riot.inthecouniyof Weftn 
> b<:i;n raifcd, I know not 

, .limed with fuch antiquit 
Idol piobably be able, fiom the 

Six bodiei were calcd in &a, 
TKAdt al the n»i« commoa 
country. The bottom of e«t 
of Livoorthreedones.ell juii 
f;dc had fiom tivo to four, w. 
rather obliquely pUced, ov 
were laid Hones, limilirtothe 
the length i thcie ^ad not 
cement ufed, but each edge 
Bo inch over the other. O 
fix, earth and Hodci had be< 
about 6 inchei higher thiQ t: 
and iheo four oiheri eiafit 
iding rocieiiei, former (all due North and So 
~- of the Re- them, wMch were all cove 



giftcr for thefe lad twelie jcsrt. The two feet) there appeared no 
cjtlieft RegiHcr commencct in 1564". betQ any diQinQioD to nnj 

" Prince's Woiihics of Deron; Wood's Adien, Oxaii.| Cleareland'i Hid 
Ctu-ltaayi, folio. 

<4 Locke's Weflern Rebellion, Bvn, Tanrlon. 

" A tenement uf Sir Cieorjc Yonge't, in I^ppit, U called J/iw'wdL Thii 
uonl wat in ufc. 

'0 In lune, 17141 twenly-nine perfontdled of the fmall pox. In July, bft] 
fifty of the fame difonler. Ini7]i, nearly llie f.iins iiiimbsr in a moalh : itKH 
then little known. nSr, were many children of d.feafe. 1783, infioena 
Since Ihe uxon baptifni!, in 178)1 many pet (oni evfiil* tbe enieritiE by priv 

I7SS} ihreepeiloiiitverebuiieilia one week] wtiofe uniicd ages were lyt . 



ijgj] Arttieni Warriors. — Lovelace-— Ftf/w;/f ofVzyjx. 1 1 7 

bodr, at in that opened at Hal ford refpoBdent, I believe, has not men* 

Brtd^ Around the whole (which tioned, that fevcral copies of commeo* 

wnibout 10 yards in circumfertnce) dLitory Verfcs by Lovelace were prc- 

a circle of fl^t flo»es were placed eu]ge- Bxed to the Dramatic * Pieces of 

. vij, with their tops hut juft appearing Fletcher, whom he lecms greatly to 

al«ve the grctund. The bones of thole have admired f. Lovelace himfelf it 

that were op<;ned were not much dt« -faid to have written two plays, The 

catedj one ikull had apparently betn Scholar, a comedy, and The Soldier, « 

clnrcfl htlf down by a fiiarp inHru- tragedy, neither of which were printed, 

neor, and other bones mutilated { the Yours, &c. T. P. 

lecth in mod of them uere pcifefl. P. S. Can Cliffbrdienfis give any ac* 

Ku armour or cloatbing appt:ared to count of Robert Farlie, tvho pubiifted, 

hi«e been inhumed with the bodies, in 163S, a Kalendar of Man's Life, and 

Tjie whole lay open a few days, and Moral Emblems, Englilh and Latin, or 

tbctt was rtilored as nearly to \l% for- of the DavifonSf frr>m wliufe Mifctl. 

ner fiate as cou'd be. It i& fituated in lany Dr. Percy printed two Poemi^ 

a common pafiuic called Bullflat, uo- one by Sir VV. R;«leigh, the other bjf 

dera hill, around which the remains of Francis Ddvifon, of whom he only rc* 

a /oife are It ill in many places to be maiks, that << he was fon of that unfor- 

traced. At the top of the h til are two tunate feeretary of (late, who fuflfered 

■ore mounds, Irke the oihcr (chough fo much from the aflfjirof Mary Qucea 

wt fo large) v^hich have never been of Scots?" See Rcliques of Ancitnc 

opened, and which, I doubt not, are Engliih Poetry, Vol. L p. 218. 
fiinilar tumuli. Yours, &c. T. C. 



Mr. Urban, Dec, 6.^ 

AS your correfpondent Cliffuidieolis 
intimates a tear \t\\ his extended 
KCouDt of Lov/Iaci Oiould become tiic- 



Mr. Urban, Duhlifi, Jaw. 15, 

IN your vol. LXIL p. 901, J. M. aa 
. Exeter correfpoudent, propolcs (eve* 
ral queries concerning the antient fa- 
mily of Vaux in England, a branch of 
which fettled in Scotland, in the reiga 



iuoe, 1 beg to alTure him. that many ^ 

cosftant readers of the Gentleman's of David the ill. As I am fond "of 

. Magsxifie have been highly gracRed by looking into old pedigrees, I havetkkea 

his intelligent remaiks, and are Col ci- fome pains to obtam information on this 

(Ou« be (hould (\tll cxienJ ihtm to fuch rul)je£>, and have fuccecdcd in gather- 

oibcr |iociical writers cf the lad century ing the following pjiticulars : Nicholas 

IS have been too {lightly noticed, oral- Lord Vaux of Hano^^den was, it is 

toccthcr overlooked in tlic rcvcral mif- well known, (b created the i5[h Henry 

ceflancOus republications of oureailier VIIL His fon Thomas Lord Vaux, 

poets. It would diipiay a want of can- dyin^ in 1595, was (uccecded by Wil- 

dour 1 cannot fulpcfl in tlic modern liam hib fon and heir, whofe fon George 

editors of thd Biogiaphia, if they did married Elizabeth, daughter of John 

•01 avail them(elves of (uch commu- Roper Lord Teynham; but, dying in the 

aications ; and it is but common judice life-time of his father, he never had the 

to the memory of departed merit, that title, which, on the death of William, 

thofe who arc p<>ff^iXtd of critical or de(cended to his grand fon Edward, the 



biographical infor nation (hould at this 
time be literal in imparting it, to ad'ord 
M opportunity for incorporating (uch 
Cotledianea in 10 the body of our na- 
IJoDttl lepcfitory for the lives of eminent 
neo. Mr. H-^dley's obvious inatten- 
tion to H.ibin^:on is not coinpaiioie 
with his ufu^l diligence or good ta(\e. 
He has palTcd in filcncc and ne^le^i over 
the two til d parts of his c!eg'.nt ama- 
tory cffuii on s. entituledCadaiai and has 
even reprinted Lao^bninc's fcauty no- 
tices of the poet, without leftiring to 
the more copious inftirmation of Wcod, 
%ho has given many particulars refpt£t- 
ioghjm, in wliich every reader of his 
poetry laud ted intereued. Your cor- 



lad Lord Vaux, who dying in the year 
1661, without ilTue, left two furviving 

♦ To the eight following: Philadcr; 
Cudom of the Country ; Spanifh Curate ; 
Humorous Lieutenant; Mad Lover; Little 
Freeh Lawyer i Vaieutiniani andWoroau's 
Prize. 

t This we may gather from his Addre(s 
<* 10 Fletcher reviv'U." 

" How have 1 been i^eligious } What drange 

good 
Has fcap'c me that T never underdood ? 
Have 1 hell-gtiarded hxre(ie o ertlu'owne } 
Hcal'd wounded dates i Made kings and 

kingdixns one ? 
That fate (hould be fo merciful to me. 
To lit wm livt t* lave /aid I Lav* nod tUe ?'* 



1 18 Futnify ef Vaux. — Ladf Vifaunuji CourtBatj«— Waiton* [Fd». 

fiftert, Mary married to Sir George Si« pride of famil y or paidality of ftiwii fl 

mcoD, of Baldwin Bright well, Oxford- know, Mr. Urben, that yoa ait M, 

ihire ; and Catharine the wife of Henry above being influenced bjr the tmAai' 

Neville Loid Abergavenny; thedaugh- of gotdemr^J), too much vamiflihtfl 

ter and hciiefs of the former married occafionaliy injured tbc rcfbrnUiDcei 

Sir John Conyers of Sokeburn, whofc Alluw me alfo to ifk^ whether Ml 

daughter Anne, fole heir to her father, rcciral of a late iiagular dream (vok 

was wife of Francis Talbot, eleveoth LXI. p. 408), unlefs, powcr fu Hf an* 

Earl of Shrew(bury, whofe daughter thenricated, does not tend to owiA I 

Mary, at length heir, alfo fole heir to Super(\ition; and, if true, what good j 

her mother, was married to John Stoncr, can refult from it ? ■ 

Efq. of Stoner and VVatlington Park, From the article of commiRioBi per- 

in OxfordQiire, whofe immediate de- m it me briefly to difcuft what 1 thid^ \ 

fcendants in a diic£^ line are, I believe, eiTential to that of omiflioa. If, by a 

iiill in pofleffion of thofe eflates. As to great diftance and obfcurity of a plieti , 

Cathaiine, the other (ifler of the Uft and a confcquent paucity of European ia* ' 

Lord Vaux, and wife of Lord Aberga* tclli^ence, any public invtfligation of tbi 

^enny, fhe had by her marriage two amiable chara^cr of the late Vifcooaicft. 

font and three daughters, viz. John and Courtcnay hath hitherto efcaped HW, I 

George, Catharine, Fiances, and Eli- ihall gladly acquiefee in the refiitodi 

zabeth. The former, dying without of my intention ; if otherwise, peradt 

ifTuc, was fucceedcd in the title of Aber- me, with flriQ veracity to aflure yoa, I. 

favenny by George. As to the Afters, long and intimately knew her aa onM* 

can only learn that one was married ment to the flation in which it pleafed 

and had iifue, viz. Elizabeth wife of Providence to place her ; who religiouly 

Thomas Stoner, f<tther to the above- difcharged the refpedive duties oTwifi^ 

named John. Geinge Lord Abergaven- of parent, and of friend. I have knowi 

ny left two children, George and '* the blelitng of thein that were mdf 

Budget, the former d?jd without iflue to periOi come upon her," and have of* 

in 1694. The latter, heir to her brotheri ten fcen her *' to caufe the widow*! 

was married to Sir John Shelley, Bart, heart to (lug for joy." This many of 

of Mitcbeifgrove, Suifcx, whofe daugh- her neighbouring clergy were not ftyaD- 

ter Frances Shelley, an only child, was gers to, though oftentation was forcigi 

married to Richard Vifcount Fitzwil- to her character $ and I marvel at thev 

liams in this kingdom, grandfather to fupinenefs, in not pointing out fofliiniag 

the prefent Lord Vifcount Fitzwilliams, an example in a manner much fuperior 

by which it appears probable that the to the imperfe^, though wclUmeant, 

title of Vaux is held in abeyance be* endeavours of Yours, &c* W. 

tween tba: family and the Stoners. ■ 

A Genealogist. Mr. Urban, 0tterySt.MsrjfFik,\9n 

IN Du Halde's Account of Chiaai 
, , Hoeng Kong alked his minifter, 

** Di mortuii tni nifi vtrum,** What was to be mod feared in a Oo- 

V ALU ABLE as your Obituary is, vernment ? Nothing, replied he, if 

by being apparently the only pub- more ro be dreaded, than what thc| 

lie, general, and authentic, record of aW tbi rat in tbi/mitti. 

mortality', to which many might in fu- Query. Whether Mr. Warton, Utt 

tuic be induced co recur i it is not very Poet Laureat, and whofe memory bjON 

eafy to avoid the two extremes of pa« will ever be held in reverence, waa M 

negyric and cenfure. NotwithHand- obliged to this hint, for the very bea«« 

ing the old clamour of the degeneracy tiful fimile, introduced in that moft ex« 

oi the age, and that former times were cellent Poem, called the Triumph d 

better than thefe; 1 trult there exifls IHs? 

in Britain as much nal virtue in the u xhm in the iUely Oiip, that kxighasbon 

prelent as at any former period, and Briuin's viaorious crofsfromflKiretollMfii 

chat it will not fuflfer in comparifon with By chance, beneath her clofe fequelter'd cells, 

any country 1 and though many of your Sunie low-born worm, a lurking miicbief 

r»rtraits are fomewhat highly colouicd, dwells t 

have DO doubt they are liken efl*eb from Eats his blind way, and Caps with fecret toi 

nature: yet, hi fome late reprefenta The deep foundations of (be wai'tj pile, 

lions of high life, whetbci owing 10 ^^ vain, fcc kc" X. 



f93*l ttifmUatue •/ tU AiMal mid B§iEfy Fiwers, 1 19 

Mr, If 11 A V, Jm. 17. mind commonlT attiini iti ftationary 

pflOS£ who have made the fmalleft poUtr, and very utile advancei its p->w» 

L oumination of the powen of the era of reflcAioa, jud^mentf and ratio* 

Waad thofe of the body will imme- cinatioD." 

tfity confeft the great rcfcmblance The inference! that may be drawn 

M csifta between them, infomueh fo* from thcfe premifet ve extremely ma- 

tflMpat na to favour the opinion of nifbld. Oo the preltnt occafion, how- 

0fh who have aflertcd that the mind ever, I fliall confine myfelf to one ob* 

iftfB fitMB the body only in being a fcrvation, via. as the body may by ex* 

wmti m M% fubftantial nature. ercife be univerJaUj fir$ng^ io the mind 

If we trace this reiemblance «^ ovt, may be the fame ; as the body by tbe 

« fiall find, cxercife of its powers may be maae ca- 

L Aa the powers of the body may be pable of every corporeal exertion, fo the 

rig^ally flrong, {o may thofe of the mind may, by tbe fame caufe, be made 

iM i lo true is the adage that^e^/« c;)pable of every ment»l one. The mind 

nfdtmt^ M«^«-as Hercu'ct, fo Arong that can only exercifc one of it5 |M>wef s, 

faceiia corporeal powers, ftrangted a that can only frefcribtt that c<)n ooly 

trpcat in his cradle, in the like manner prtmcbf or can only plead, Ciinnot be 

'bpc, Milton, Cowley, and fome others, faid to be univerfally lUong, but only 

bawcd the vigour of their mental ones partially fo — at the flrength of the pu- 

Blhcirtery infancy. giliO may be confined ro tbe arms, and 

IL It is ezercife that adds (Ireneth to of the pedeilriHn to the moving powers 

bsflMvina; powers of the body, and the of the leg — a (tron^ miod has an uni- 



of its refpeAive faculties gives verlal capability . Dr. Johnfon, «bho 

ha grcateA vigour to the mind. The was himfclf of this clafs, has faid, that 

arporcmi powers of the bed- ridden are '* he was perfuaded that, had Newton 

NTT weak, indeed, and the unexercifed applied to poetry, he would have made 



of the indolent inhabitant of the a tine epic Poem— I could," he adds, 

Ayi diFmilms is affli£Ud with the moft ** as callly apply to Law as tu Tragic 

deplorable idiotifm.-*^' That the ficul* Poetry j a man that has vigour may 

Au of the underftanding," fays an able walk as eafily to the £aft as to the WcA^ 

viker, *^ are relaxed like the finewt of if he happens to turn his head that 

d» bndy by floth, and (Irengthened way." 

by cxercife, nobody will doubt; fhofe," If, Sir, it is necfflarv, in addition 

Kidds, *' who from their carlieft in- to thefe inftancts of Johnfon and Ncw- 

fiaey have found every thing provided ton, to give yuu any farther proof of the 

fiir them, tvho have not much ambi- validity of my opinion, 1 would remind 

ttM^ and therefore are feldom excited you of that inliance which, from its 

10 tay great exertion of their faculties, fingularity, has (o often been qucftion- 

feicrally feel thefe faculties dwindle ed, but is at prefent fully confirmed and 

id grow weak, for the fame reafon that gencially believed. I allude to the ad- 

I man's would become feeble, and at mirable Creigbun, of whom ic is iiiid 

kiphpeTfc£llyurelers,ifhe were to wear that there was not aa ait, theie exined 

thtm in a fcarf for any length of time." not a fcience, in which be was not fully 

III. The flrength of the mind, li^.e pioucieiu, and in which he did noccon- 
duftrength of the body, is increal'ed by tc(\, and bear away, the p^lm from thofe 
n interval of reft { et ery one know^ who had made them fingly the objeds 
duthe is corporeally ftronger in the of their particular atteniion. 

■oraing, and the morning is the time 1 have only lo add, thit if the refem- 

vlich the ingenious appropriate to the blancs between the mind and the body 

dcrtionof their mental }>ov\cis. be grc:\t as I have fuppo.'ed it, then thofe 

IV. As the power of the body is are likely to do the i^reateft fernce to 
kaowQ to incrcafe till it has gained its focirty ^\no do rot cunfinc their aiten- 
ism^, and then to decreaCe, lo a hmilar tion to one (ludv, but uho makethem- 
progrefs to its zenith, and decrease from felves mailer of a ktneial knowledge : 
(bat period, is obfeivable in the mind { who '?nf^e, li.ko Ncivton, uncor.fintd 
•*As tbe body," faid Dr. Johnfon, amid') i!:. worl-.h of fcience, and i\|io 
'*afur a certain time, gain% no incrcafe eathtr, Mc ]-»[\i\{ni%, the fwccts of 
ofheighl and little of llrengih, there is knowlcdi^c from aim-ill evc;y flower. 
hkewife a period, though more vnriible You.s, i':^c. if. C. P. 



hs external circumftauces, wh(.n the 



Mr. 



12Q EpUafhs rffomi Di/eenJanis $/ the Cranmere. 



three pelicans Tulning them, 
as many cinquefoifs. Or. 

Co tl'ttec ihields on litc fri 
die (hicid, quarterly, i ar 
three bars, Or. in dexter ch 



Mr. Urban, Jan, ii. 

IT feems rather Hngularth:!! your cor- 
refpondents D. H. and W. M. (hould 
differ f(i materially in the infcrlption on 
the tomb of Thomts Cranmer. Both 
accounts feem to conHder him as dying ton. Ermine. 
A* D. 1501. Bl* the words M* quin- jd and ^<l Cranmer, Left { 
jtf^//««l>rr«o, Biake it 1051 i and how loft) Az. on a fcf* btt^vccu 
s/L* ceuu/mo cam mean half a thoufand, zrnces, Sab. an annukr. 
or 500, I know not. I am inclined to Quartering Crammfr, ¥ 
think the word, in the original, inHiad quirccrly 1 and 4. Sab. % m 
€)i qmmquagejimo'xsqutngemtefimo D H. mer, 

calls the aims a chevron between three On two (liields below, 
cranes; whereas, in the drawing, they Norwood, viz. Er. a crofs 
are evidently a cievron bctwcm thice Gu. quartering Cranmer, ] 
pelicans vulning themfelves. I have 
lomewliere read, that Henry VIK. 
forefceing that Archbifhop Cranmer 
^vould flied his blood for the lerviceofthe 
Church, changed his arms from crunes 
to pelicans. 

To the lift of heraldic wrkers may 
be added Abraham Franfe, or Fran (us, 



Cidnmer only. 

On a mural Genotk 

" In memory 

of Sir William Cianmer, 

the fecoud f<Mi of tJ. ilium Crj 

defceiideil fnmi Kthr.wd Ci 

Archdeacon of Cinte-h 

and broil >er \n thnt ArctiT 



who wrote a fmall quarto, entitulcd, whofe name for eftabiiniin; ibf 



*' lafiguhm, Aroiorum, Emb/ematum, 
hisrQ^ljpbic^rumt et SfmhoturMm^^c, Ex» 
piUatior.** It was printed at London in 
1588. Yours, &c. Matthew Knapi*. 



Mr. Urban, 



Jan. 14. 



AS the following epitaphs, which 
^ were copied from the monuments 

in St. Mildred's Church, Cantcrbuiy, 
in part refolve the queries of W. M. 
Tol. LXII. p. 994, perhaps you will give 
them a place in your inftru6live Mif- 
cellany. 

On a mural Monument* 

'* Memurix facrum. 

Thomx Cranmero armigcro Etimvndi 

Archidiaconi Cantvarienfis filio Thomas 

Cranmeri Aixhiepi Cancvarienfis ex 

iratre nepoti eivfdem fedis archi'na^vs 

fidclifTimu regrario, viro fanflillima 

vita, fvaviilimis moribv!:y et fvpra 

quam dici poteft integro, pio, benefico, 

in pavperes mifcricordi, in omnes ivAo, 

Tolvptatvm honorvm diviiiarvm, rnvnervm^ 

contemptori feveriflimo, nKrtwmentvm, 

hoc in officiofae pietativ, aetemvm tei- 

timonivm mcbientes liberi et generi 

pof\Tre, qvi qvidem Ihomns geuitt^ex 

Anna vxore caftinima qvinqve Tiiijs, 

filiahvs c6\o in die. b. Trinirati iacro, 

eidem Trinitatifidelem animnm iu 

fvmma confcieiitix pace Inctvs 

tradidit, anno xtalis fvx 69, 

Salviis noftrae, 1 6^4. 

Viri mifericordiae coll gvntvr, neminca«lver- 

tcnte ante advtntvm mail iccipi iuHum. 

i/"W*r 57." 

Arms : On a ihield at the top, Crati" 
f viz, Ar. on a chcv. Az. bciwtcn 



in England 

(to xvhich he afterwards died i 

is juftly celebrated. 

Sir fn/Iism, being bred a Afen 

eminent, not only for his know 

profcflion, hut for his finjul; 

and integrity, .ilways ready ) 

the poore and opprcfied, and a 

of the liberty of his cm/ 

After having been for fevei 

Deputy Governor of the Ai 

Adventurers of Fr^f.inJ refidin 

Ho was in the year 1 691 1 

Goveriioi- of t!ie whole St 

which tiurt he difchni 

with grent fidelity unto ilie time 

which h.-ppened on the 21ft S 

1697, in the 6:iliycarB of 

He lived a fnigle hfipi and left 1 

Mr. yoifi KcKTick *, his ex 

who. Hi grat.ti.de 10 his m< 

erected thismonane 

He was boin In Lhis paiitb of 6 

in ( \ir:tcibuty : and lieb b 

in tlie p.iriih v. hurcli of Sf, 

Bi ofrit-v f in MidJltJe: 

Arms; CyantHcr as beft 
on a wirath Ar. dnd Az. a 1 



* Father of Clnyf^n Knn'.h^ 
Miitf.hrKu Kffiricky Ktq, ot Londi 
Ciafw.fr Krnruk, Hlq of Loo<i 
Krm't^ie^ i;(q. late M. 1*. Ux J 
«il llir Rev. M<ftU-iL' KiH!i\'if A 
Chiih.ar, Kent. 

f Where, in the church, h 
did la'tly) a h.ttcljnitn*. aiiti thr 
lor ihisbir William j tlx co.it, i 
ion Az. with three cinqucfoil!?j 
a: m.uiy pclican5^ S:(bi«. 



.f*v.^ 






• I 



Thf famous Eq't'Jlrlan Statue of Peter the Greats 12 1 



roper, Oiot thi'ou^ii die utok. 
irrow. 

ev. Mr Crnrimtr^ V;f.ir of .^''. 
^ondon, I .iru jirurcil, i^ a dc- 
of thiS raip.il V. 

kD. H. p 9o6,fcrhik inf<jrma- 
ttl • I, the Nuicmbcrg co'intcif 
L .••:«• iatlitr fially in his cen* 
he liniv.ine; of the coin of Ha- 
liou^h ceicainly it is but ind*f- 
ror, had he acrentively cumpartd 
ttings, he would haveobkrved 
' dimmitarity than could have 
im the badtief&of the drawinir : 
n Cainden, B. itannia 'njStti»gt 
fiatkiliMg . on one, her head is 
1 b? her hand, on the other it 
S. C. for Sntattts C9nfuito on 
the other omitted ; the bajla- 
ivc ihc irm on ont, below it on 
rrs one the great fliidd, the 
; common fine, &c. occ. pccu- 
iifllicienty I (hould have thought, 
ronvinced him of its being a diU 
•in $ mi I conceived it to be, or 
ever hate fent it forinfcrtion. 
Yours, Kec. Z. Cozens. 



?. I feet, on 42 in lengthi and 34 in 
briij'rii 

The vfrv iJca of moring fuch a mifs 
V. .1:. Lnoiij'.l) fo tcnify a common rnin«i. 
l>ut. undtr *he reign of Kathaiine II. 
difficuitits ncxfr defr^rrhe eiecution of 
a piirpo'e. T.iis poj.£l, fo bold, fo 
worthy ot the incicnt Romans, of tr^nt- 
porting this rock lu the centre of the 
capital, w:>s imtnediately formed. 

In this view, they began digging 
about it to difcover its depth. It whs 
natural to thirk, that what appeared 
above the morals, was only the fttmrnit of 
a rock :hi(C defcended firintothe buwcls 
of the e.iirh. But hdw great was their 
riirprifc, oti perceiving, that this mals 
of Aone wa* ablolutely infulated from 
ir, r.nd pl^iced upon the ground ax if 
by a miracle ! 

To ill f. fingularity was added another, 
in no cicurcc lefs iemjik.«hic| \vhic!i is, 
that in a'l this vail morifs, r.nd its en- 
virons, theic is not 10 be found another 
iinglc (lo::c; n^y, nut evtn ).'ravel «'r 
land, or pny other matter an^! >^>.ius 10 
this winderfc' rock: or tiiat could 
— -.-^— I'crre to the formuii^n of it. 

on of the famous S/jite, 'U'tich Wh«rnii»ft atK died ricifons with aOo- 
for n PiJfftai to the Statut of nill;iHMit, whs the inieiior t»f thr itoiic. 
1 TI^E GrcAT, t't Si Te- a Tu.'-kc of ii»«i:itlcr hjd dimagcd i: cm 

0!ic fioe. For whith rciif.i;!, it ha<l 
ft)r' li i!i> a^cs pnI: b'j..n o-'itd, by tiid 
btt'^rs ot the vi:;.!.,es in iis *UMiiit<-. 'The 
^iuKitir HcoHtm On liiil^ii •; i-lt' cri.k 
iliiiltticd ptcce. theie »pj:c'4rt(1, luTcid 
ot hoTnt»gct)e« us pa*'is, a i^'jiii.stv of 
a*l (mts of hoc and pi(.C!uus Itoncs. 
.whohridihechirfrejt'cxtciini'jj Crvftais, agates, g-anatt*, ttpizes, c. :- 
jmcrt jiTi5iiiintd ;i new kind'. *;•'-- nolMii^, and anicthyfts, atf.ii;ljd a li*:!it 

to tiiecunous no let's mai;nir ex i.t tiicni 
ncwi while, to the uaturaiiits, it w.is 
an cLJtdi of the moH inteicliint^ iiivcf- 
lijliiionv. 

So many P.rikinc feculiaritie<, tini»ed 
bk Nau r« in th!> nt.e rock, v.ctc |•(-.^^l-i• 
fui motives, tor Iparsn*; nciiher p4ins, 
nor expenie, por Ub.jur, to dnr.v u 
from us bed, and einpli'V it in a nuinii- 
mttit, uncxA.-.!p!cd in the woild, an.t 
worthy of pcrpLiu^iing the mein(>ry of 
the gieatcft of monarcn:. ''. 

The rirlt ^iilctivcrv of lUk ftonc was 'n 
m. A rock was found, which the month of November, 176S. The m- 
lad placed in a vHtt inoi.>(s, not ctlluiy wcm1;s were carried on witii t*ui-!\ 

br.ti^itv, liiar, in the month of Ma ch 
liiil.jv. .ng, liic workmen were enAUied nj 
r»le It iictin the ciifth, by plac.ng it on 
a k lui t'i fU'dHe, i'lid be^inniiig its mo- 
ri».ii rowmni Peirrlburj;. 



Kt'iiG; of ivhicb a heautijul 
'Vittg has LexK gi*V'n nt Vol. LUI. 
i {and ite Vol. XIV. p, 4^1. ; 

xyii.p.vy^) 

pre fent KTiprcfs, IC:ttha:inc J I. 
'ing rtfolve^ ;oe.-e6t un iq:iti- 
uc to I'crtr the Great j Sttilxn 



the nob c iTiodeihe Ma \ ti.iiittd. 
ftecp r^ifshaptn rock; whereby 
: indtcAte to potterity, \^llClKe 

of A Je^.ll.itor took liii. nJw, and 
Ucles he at Ici.-^/.h lii(r.';ountLd. 
ea, thus origiii<ti wnd lubiiinc, 

the nppinbition of every be- 

Kut .he ditiRculrv Wd% tf> liiid 
>f ftonc .ideqmie, both m form 

to ttic );rai'deur ot the dttign. 
le, which always favours f^icat 
.but 



ilwics noiiiin;: for 



inteiio- 



rph in 10 tiic aliiltance of rhis 



a bav uhich the Gu:t ot Km- 
m$. At the vtry li'll Iri^ht it 
ned pioper tor llic lxliu ion of 
jn of t'.ju ariiU. Tc p*c were 
nealure it; u ho found that its 
:aken in a li<.riZoiir:il imc. was 
. Mag. f^v.'iTj'jt ' * . %. 



Sctj li .ttt 111. Iif:. I. 



Or.c 



122 Statui of Peter tht GreaU — Hi/lory $f Cumberland. [Feb, 

One cannot fufficiently admire the it in fcribed the modeft epigram, ''Petro 

ardour and celerity with which fo ex- primoCatharina fccundi, 178a," ia La- 

traordinaryan enterprife was completed, tin on one (idc, and in Ruffian on the 

in (o fliort a fpace of time, and in the other. Two or three epigramt appeared 

tnofl inclement feafon. But what re- on the occaiion. Among them the foi- 

ni.iincd to be done was fliil more difB- lowing may be thought noc unworthy 

cult to perform. of preferv^tion : 

This immenfe ftone was found at the iEs formnm Petro, hafm dat petrai quid ila 
dift^ncc of eleven Ruffian verfis.or about Subilius ? Regni gloriai P«re, Cui. 
41.250 Engl lOi feet, from the fprn where Yours, &c. £vES.AKD. 

the ftatue wat to be piaccd, which it was ■ 

intended to fupport. Mr. Urban, Carii/U, Fib. i. 

Before ,t could r«ch rhc place of its • „ ^y^ fomewherc read or heard oft 

<W ft ^.tion. ,t was to pafs ovtr nfrng j ^ ^^^ ^^ .^g.,,. 

erouuds, crol^fwamns, and boi^ev places. ..**/• ^ • n. ^^ tr^ t 

^ t-Mw ,wi .1 a.. |.,«. *?f'',*^ , * mencsin lomeof thepetivftatcsofltaiv, 

hc,r.n,pc,r.cdcverr.vcr., cmhaiktdoij ^^ ^^^^ criB.iniU. They m bncD 

the Ntv,,. unn..pptd. and then carried ^.^^ ^ ^f f^^^ ^,,j^^'. rf„^ 

by I .net to the ,|. .cc .pprmicd for ir. ,„ f„^,, * ,,,,,' ^ ^^^^ Jf tttemil 

Any pwloD that chul« to form a no- ,,„,„„ ' ^^j,^ „ ^^ ;, 

t.o., ..f the vaftuels of this undertaking, ^^^ ^^.^^*'^^ ^^^^^^ ^ j^^' ^ 

B..H the hbours It required, h..'nr, more f^,f ^^ ,„^, ^een thut biHigMloed br 

to <.o t.ian to confider that t.e «;c.r. .t j^ ^ ;„ ^.^^^ ,^^ December MieatiM. 

of r!... tnormoui maft, gcoa.ctric.lly Nnrhine, perhaps, i» direaiyfMtfthat it 

clciilatc!. aniounto to t!I»ke Mil- particularly txciptioMWe | ,et, enough 

LION. Tvo HUNDRED THoi;s*KD fs ,„u„,Med, oriiiuf.«ie.l, oJ iofinuatS, 

^mnds. Ths jigca obc.u.: i:. the ,„ i.urt the credit of the county hiOorv, 

w.,..d, that « l.ich Conftantm*. the fon ^,,^^1, „ , vaftexccnce, I am endcarour- 

of Conltant.ne the Great, caufed t-, be j ,„ yifl,; iDd thereby to injure bit 

vr^nlported from Alcxui'Iria to Rome, :„,* -^a- 

u in weight but 907,7^;^ ?ouni\i, wh.ch , i„,„,t r^ ^^ yourfelf, Mr. Urban, 

.. not a thiro pa.t ot lae wtij-ht of the ^.^j ^j,, jjjj^.^ j^ j„ ^,,, ^jjj^,„^ „^ 

luck of Pctci(barg. ^^^^jf^ ^^^ j^j^^^^ ,3 believe, that no 




«n this rock, ftands n an iiregubr as from thcini-.ialsof his namcfnbfcribed 

Iquaie, ff.rn»ed on the left by the Senate j„ j^^ rcmaiks one is led to fufped may 

Houlc Mid other edihcu:;, on the n^jhi j,,^^ ^^^ ihe cafe, he cannot be infen. 

bv the Admiralty, to the back by a niae- f,„;c ot the many difficulties that (land la 

n.ficcnt marble church, (which, thci-ii ^^.^ ,,.^y ^f , couniv hiftorian : though 

iti Uir.datinn w;«s laid ;.bout tli riy ^^^ ^.^y not know, nor do I wifli to in- 

years aft.>, i. not ytc con^petcd,) in hr- tercft him by communicating CO him, 

nour of Si. IUbq ; and lu front of the „„nv that probiblv are prcufiar to the 

llatue run* r..e nobie nvcr Neva, the tompilers of the hi«orv of Cumberland. 

like of which, for the clcaincls of its inlUad, therefore, of anticiuting and 

waters, the conftant fuinels of its bed, triumphing o¥er their iuppofed failure, 

and,withal,thcdillaDCcofitslhort:s. no one might have hoped he would have 

ciry in Eurc^^c has to boall of. The had ciie candour to hare fympathifed 

liaiucisat a proper dilUncc from the uiih his fcllow-ad venturer?, and, if in 

foot of the great bridge of pontons, ex- his power, havelottened the difappoint- 

tendmg acrols the Neva, to an oppofits nient of the public, 

ifland, forming part of the city, and VViih refpeft tothccrofs at Bewcaftle, 

called Valhli oftrof, or Balil's iHand. and the font at Bridckirk, I am forty to 

The ftatue, together tvith the tranfport have to inform R. G. and others, that, 

of the ftoHc whereon it ftands, coft the whatever may be the fcntiments of the 

Emprcfs r..>i kfs than 425,000 rubhes, public, the compilers arc very far from 

which, at 42 pence the ruble, as the ex- having (atisfied themfclves. They hire 

clunyc uai at that time, amounts to procured new drawings, and a tac-Gmile 

74'375 puundft lUrliug. On this Hone of (he infciiptioosi and have alio rejd 

•a 
5 



.] ImSifidid Hifl$ry ^Cumberland. — Thg Great King j/'Pruffia. 123 

Dt&ifli, M well at other works, into by anonymous reniarken, and un- 
co Ckrow any light upon the fub- neUfTarily dragged before the pubHc ? 
Mity hitherto, as they have afTurcd Ywu:s, &c. Fran. Jollis. 

ich much coDcern, to very little — — ■ ■ 

a. They hope, it will be remena- Mr. Urban, Fih, 14. 

bow very little aflliAaoce is to be TOEING at Berlin laft fumnier, I 
I, in thefe iovefligationb, fiom ths ^ met with the two little engravings 
\ of their predece(ibrs : even the of the Great Kine, as he is fomctimcs 
licion of Camden, with all the called by his peopFe. The one (pL IIL 
T advantages of the et^itor, has fig* 2) rcprefentt him, as he ufuaily ap- 
srced to retail all the old, meagre, pearcJ, (irtiog, after his infirmities had 
fatiifying conje£lures nf former difabled him from ufmg much motion; 
iries, uiithout a tingle io;<i of new during %vhich period he was heard at 
fill information. In addition to times to fay, Dans ftuje n^approcberai 
ic antiquities themfelves are now, de toi. To what or to whom he alluded 
nT the lapfe of time, becoming by the exprcliion,is left for the worldto 
ftperfcd:*! and nciiner the com- conjeAure. Fig, 3. exhibits him ex* 
nor the publiflier, are likely to piring. The principal figure ftanding 
any fuch patronage, as would in- by him is bis prefent Majefty of Pruf- 
f them for exploring thoroughly, iia ; the next is intended for Baron 
^ng, many remains, perhaps both Hertzberg 1 and the third, the prefent 
Ban and Saxon antiquities, vet Prince of Pruflia. If yon chufc to give 
dried at Bewcaflle. Something a copy of them in your Magazine, they 
way, however« they have done, are at your fervice. M. M* 

I continue : and, more for the fake ■ 

oblic, than their own, ihey will Mr. Urban, Ftb, ti. 

tf their labours arc fuccefsfui. ^OME days sgo, paBing through 
3 the fneerty towards the clofe of O Kingfgare Street, which leads from 
remarks, no one of the editors Little Tu r n (If le, Hoi born, into Lincoln's 
*omberland hiftory, they are un» Inn Fields, I obfervcd an hitchmenc 
of R. G. i aud I am afiiamcM to over a door in that Areet, with this 
them in fuch a way as yet 1 f ci motto, Habto, ntn babt$r. By reafon of 
ught. Bat the gentleman, who, its fiiigularity, 1 em|uired in the neigh- 
eaionthat he is confcious r-f, ex- l)Ourlu>ocl concerning tlie deceafed gen* 
that lie is an antiquary, and that tleman; and rccci\ed this account, that 
i trade fu feUlom agree, (eems to he w.is a cUrgynian of the name of 
curred R. G's dif-efteem, needs Bo(.th ; who, horn low circumAances, 
feeble pen to defend him. His Cimc to the policHionof 4 veiv large for- 
as well as R. G's, are in the tune by the death of a friend, 
n of (he public. What there is Now, Sir, I fliill be obliged to your 
works thai has incuricd K. G*s coirefpnndent, whofe fignatuie in your 
irc« I am at a lofs to conje£ture ; laH Magazine, p. 33, is rhe Greek letter 
be* thar their author has ihewn Cbi^ tu give the conllru£tion ; or, to any 
mnon anxiety to puhlifli them at other corrcfpondcnt, for anecdotes re- 
-aie price. You, Mr. Urban, fpefling this fame clergyman; part of 
an antiquary, I alfure myfelf, whole houfchold goods were lold pub* 
id and toointelligent not readily hcly nut long fmce by Mr. Chiidic. 
(that, as an author, he well dc- As to the motto of bdmond Ludlow, 
be indulgence of the public, mentioned in tite f)rrcited page (33), 
s^has fo long experienced. Mr. Addifon, in his Travels, 4th cuit. 

\ too much regard for you, Mr. p. 265. fa\s, the houfe that Lud ow in- 
ind too much refpe£t for your habited in the canton of Bern has th^ji 
to take up your valuable pages inicription oter the door: 
hiflory of a meie private tranl- Omnefolu-n forti pati'ia 

Suffice it, that 1 alfure you and ^si\z paths. 

ic, that, wheoeter it ii proper, xhe firft part i^ a pitce of a verfcin Offd, 
lory account can, and will, be the Ull is a csnt of Lis own. Mr, Ad- 
: the delay of the publication of dif^n tl.tn rel ic , •« I.e ib buiico in the 
volume of rhcHinory of Dur- ^a ^\ t»ic tliui^i.cs. v^itb il.c following 
[ow would k. G., or any txjdy cpirapj^j" which. b<.ing lou lung for your 
r to have all thcii piivaie trauf- mfcnion, I ••.i-f. 
riih booki«l]crs,or otUR», ralud An uLDCoRUESPONOfiNT. 

Mr. 



124 Swallows not t9Tpid, — W. de Britain nst a NaturaKjI. [Feb. 

Mr. Urban, Ftb, 7. Icfs produced from the fame csufe. The 

THE infciiption, vol. LXIl. pi. LIT. fprcuiin^ and the decav of the /Mgi it 

p. 1079p is pi ES8UR, EN FAiTt the caui'c of rht vi^id verdure. 
D^A RMS5 \ tVe old French fo: />;/ afu^e, V )1. [JCII. p. 44. mcntiooi ths loo* 

gm fMts d*armes\ iirm foot, or f«cure ^cvicy of a tortoiit: 60 years. There it 

ground, in miUtasy emcrprze<(. upon rccoid the lun^rvity of a rortoi&p 

It is to be regretted that ]. N. LXIT. in the s^arrifon of Mtnoica, co have cs« 

p. I200, did nuc afcertain ihc numtier, cceded 300 years; hut wheie [ do not 

quality, and (ize, of the bones, which at this moment recoil t£i. 
he mentions as having been found io a Yaars, &c. A Paiish PRIEIT. 
cave digging for oaker. Probably he ■ 

fnay recoiled if any teeth were found, Ve fuUr ultra crei^tdam* 

which would infallibly prove the fpecies Mr. Urban, F/^.4. 

of the animaU 0\^ ^" filler' iiin fo is^norant anii ju- 

I have for many years paid ertat at- ^J quaiiticd as that ot <n aiinii- nius 

teotion to the pra£tical Hudv of zoologv; eritic in page loRa of youL I ire Su «- 

and I am one of thofc who entertain nr> menc, nor vet ot \\k. m$tivn »• • 

fmall doubt as to the torpid (late of thor, I Ihouid n»c havr t^k-n * 

fwallows; a fynonyroous wonder to the tice, if it had nor coinr n r>, 

toad in a block of ftone; both which aie tionabic ibii.K'' of firpL •• * -:, 

apparently attefted with (Irong evidence; ezrcunvr it: J ng, am' .t 

but with no fuch evidence a« may emiiely wouhi h-vehiei itr-n . c 

preclude all poirihility of doubt. I have t.> h'lve ucen miPaki .^: 

trcq*iently caufed the hole, of (a-^d. cliffs of the au(h<» ar»' c:^ : -I 

to We probed, and drawn w'th Voog hazS- Thr bork •• ^: .. . ' ■ 

twig:, in winter, fit at the end, and (v\hirh Y a;', r V. . . ,; 

turned round to <*rag o t a fpccick r/ iht Pi 'pr. ''v 0:1 

birundinek, called the /«««/ mar /M,\\ hid: ,;« ;,, »' (;|-|,, ... r 

conftantly breed in theiii in lummrr ; hv: ,/. pio;rit!nli' a- ■'■'. \^^■ »er- 

I have nrvtr found t*em in a'l rp d tU'c. ,iri ot fbm^s, &■ •. ... . .; ,yi* j'jy, 

The illufive conception -f n.cir torpi;! f:>r ao^-t 1 yo'- \. .1*1; b c. ** i ihed 

naure m^'v . i'.;iv.:''y \r^\^ iii.:n f m int». h lin^ulft," but i;« rli • i^fe, ic is 

their l:cintfc:n»- cniw 111: ij h^lct. v)ri ctrs.nn. " ,• li hctn ci.i.tiv I^c! .way 

the 8;ii ot N ■vcn!i,er, 1791. ' .u.ii'i iIjc bv Uu *i>, .iiMcivl ni ic-.U •. ht u not a 

dep?ru'p 1 ft%ail:v.A^nu insi.j. in my wiut n.-irui- r'.* in..ik he is -iniinir tij 

2ici);hbo«. .. M'fl. O1 fhr. w:h. .4 If I ere ih.ia ilu p.K»i m-.n, who i.itcd about 
ftorm trrii:i liij S.vV. ar"'c m ihe • v.n- A f-x.iiulcr the Cuppri'-mth. \vhiit his 

ing, and which ^(.r.iwii'c.! -.m-I' .;.."vio- ani;ij;onift Ad* tnlkin^ of AU-\:iaderthe 

lence ti.l three ir. lb.- :: -. \\\.-j. Oi ;hc CJieai !— Hur, not t. ^niiae him io un- 
i8ti:, lobfcrvedNl lb itaiv Ivv.viow llyiiio qmhtid Hifcri.oM'. I repeat ii, that W. 
under my *irdevv 11. a *^ ..im fun. vciy de Biitain, in tiic Lo" Dutch language, 
fccbk- in flij;l.i. \u ,uiiui. of aN fee he is not a n*i»iroliit, but a moraliD ; and 
win^-^cd f?ie,. He irmaii.td wiih mc tiil mc bo.»k in q«!trtion, not that roen- 
the 15:! .) »vl,:.*o /i^v tlic b.VV. cor.t!- li.n.il bv the < rir-c, but that %»htch I 
nucd. .11 rlit i^^h, a N.W. wmd look l.avc iU-'^A 11 to !c, vii.j a %vork upon 
place, and he di!*t,^;j-.-aicd. My houle is \\\>: pr9'p,ritv, and n-^: the fropgriUs, O^ 
a K.iit 30 ml'.s trjn the <e.i coaft of tlunjjs. In ihc German I ikewiCe, it bears 
Hanipftiir*. , trrin whence he hid been pro thr nrlc wf Dfr Knfl woJurck eim Mtmfch 

bably pr:^cllcd ry fhs llorm. i he nil. jrii ^/urkkoibfmpir JrirrgtwAMm. Thofe 
grationot iw.«iiowi appears to I* a. ccr- who know rhis lun-u.i^e ar^ the only 
uma^tl.:'! 't tf.c uo dtock ir. ihi-^ifl.^r.d, perfons who can dLteiinine upon the 
and iiit it^-rk in Hoila..«i. If it c-n he .agreement of this title wuh the other, 
pn.icd (he Hork and uo-Uto^k wcieevir though txpitflcd bv a circumlu^ution j 
foui«l turpd in mud, 1 will itaciiy he- howc\ei, the lolh.ui.n; qumailon from 



■f. 



-» 




pt _ 

jtai ieicral tuc:*^ or thim. hut chicHy other'*. Ic is a folly wnicn ao bellcboic 
iirrevM..ar. Oi i.own 5 ina commons the can cure j and ihtufuic, if you arc a 
/irarjjiarc m»tfo laigeas in paOurc ground, perion of this caf;, 1 can tell you >our 
whuc the 10 1 u more congchiut 10 exu- fortune, without pretending to be a 
beraat vcgautiooi but iht) .icnevcrthe. loothliiyer. Whatever you liiiard, or 



gam. 



1793.] Sttdfture at New College, Oxon.^EccLjtaftUal Prtcedena. i c j 



|!aui, by this cnii4u£^, is like the drift- 

fiad, which is difpcrfed in thetwiokiing 

of in eye ; or a pyramid of fnow, dil- 

fchred by the fun." Impartial reader ! 

is (bit the laoguage of a Pliny, or a So- 

cnttt ? But, a!as ! for fome people, the 

6naiic W. Prynne, of the lift century, 

wa« Aylcd, by anothi-r of that defcrip- 

libn, the Homer 9J EngloHdl 

Tours, &c« W. Hamilton Reid. 

Mr. Urian. ^ June 20. 

" O'er y*uthfiil (ins the rererend abbefs 

weefu. 
Tilt hiory fa'heroftheconTent fleeps. 
Vov. Satan mark« his tim^ .inil leering runs 
To Ijte withluHful bait the tickliih num. 
Id h.ilUiw*d pew their W4iulering fouls be- 
witches 
With c^mal thoughts of man and worldly 
riches, &c ANONYM. 

IN my way through Oxfor^i, I lately 
vifited che chc^pel of New College, to 
fee i\i reftur;:tion of its antient ipUQ- 
dour^ fet like an antique jewel in a pre- 
cious cafe of modern workmanihip, un- 
der the dire£lion if the ingenious Mr. 
Wyatt, whofe dillinguiflied merits c«cd 
not my praifc} but of whom I (hall ob- 
fenre, that his (kill and judgemenc m 
rci^ard to Guihic architc^tuic are as 
tCbly unequalled by any artill i'lnce ihe 
iatroduC^ion of the Grecian and Konian 
orders into tliis country, as the ciiaOe 
clq^aoce and clailical iimplicicy of liis 
Grecian fiiu^ures are fuperior to the 



the oppofite (ide of the batclemcots. A 
fecond prefcnts you with two gigantic 
armed heaHs, frowning over the para- 
pets of barbicans, or watch -rowers ; in 
the center h the ^ate of a cafl^e : a da- 
ring warrior, in the heat a£ batt'e, has 
fpurrcti his fteed under it. The Port- 
culIiK has l)L-en loofcd in an inflant. Its 
iron fangs have forced ihcir way through 
the Kg of the unfortunate adventurer, 
and aie funk ro their full length in the 
bro.td loins of the hoife, that is (inking 
in agony beneath the infupixor tabic prt^N 
furc. A (hird, fiom which I took the 
haftv (ketch of vi hich I beg your ac- 
cep-ance, (ptaUllL) gives us two nun^ 
coflverfing in a pew, on tlie fides of 
which ih'.j- rofaiies arc carelcfsly fuf- 
pended. The ikuarion of the devil hardly 
leaves us room to guefs at the tenor of 
their collnqjv, wiiile the prior is found 
?(1<^ep on the one iiand, and the venerablt 
ahbtfs inutcerinty gvtr her beads on the 
other. PkREGRINE Le MOINE. 



Mr. Urban, 

HAVING been for many years a h- 
bourer in the vineyiird^ without 
Re^lory, without Vicarage, 9r without 
a regular Curacy (though I flatter my* 
feif, and that I iruH without vanity, 
that mv labours, aud literary publica- 
tions, would be .icknowied'ed, were I 



to fign my name, to give me a fair claim 
to a (:ublic rcMrard) and lent in only 

Vanbuigh-like aipempts at grandeur of \vhcn I could meet with any lord of a 

looDe of his liii^hly favoured coniempora- vineyard, who was willing to hire me. 

rics. Amon«iril (.>:her excellent altera- even for the lalt hour of the day j but 

tiuns at this place, he hab dragged from this, from a very refpeotable and nu- 

their obfcunty undci a dark row ot back meious acquaintance, very frequently. 

feats, and placed m a confpicuous point in aacndin;^ at various churches m 

of view, a great number of aiimiialily- this great city, 1 have often obferved an 

wrought wooden mtaiilaturev, well woi- inatieution to the rubric; particularly iii 

chy the aacnron of the fculpior and the theio.iimunionlervicefjin kneelmgdown 

aciiquar). Thev appear to have been iu the prayer for the king, and in turn* 

placed in the chapel under the leign of ing to tiie Cv^mniunion-table, inlUad of 

Charles the Firtt ; and contain many in- the congregation, in reading the com- 

tcreAing illullrsrioDS of unticnt archtcic- mandments. On this fubjed) this is (uf- 

ture, fuitificaticin, miiitary snd ccclcH- Hcicnt to remind the clergy, who may 

aftical drcfTcs. t'vc &c. btiidc abundance not have attended to the ruoric. 
of iudiciou^ ;.i uHons to tiie mummeries But the realon of my addrelfing yi»u 

and dcbaucheli'-^ of inonacliifm. One, is relpe^ting another part of the praaice 

for inHance, reprefents a Gothic cattle of the clergy, which 1 tind to vary ia 

furrouuded by its ialHa or ou* -wi ik& j many churches, and in refpefV of whiol) 

as defer it icd in Captain Giolc's pret.ice ih« rubuc u blent. The part 1 allude to 

to his Antiquities 01 England and U^'ale^. u the eiiquctte which ought to be ob- 

A biihop appc-sis lipon a di<iwiiiidge, ferved by the clergy on entering the 

haianguing a multitude, wlioie itead>, chuichj whether it tb right for the reader 



highly exprcfTive of various emotions, 
aie crowccd on one i\dt of the tablet : 
while 00 the other appears a cardinal 
kauing ao attentive tram of faliowtcs 10 



ot prayers, or foi ;he preacliLr, 10 take 
the precedency, in my opinion, and in 
my practice, I ta^ e it a& a ngki tu the 
leadci i but in ottc chuicxi> where [ 

ire. 



1^6 Particular AdjtRives^ ufed only 

frequently attend, the leQurer rcfufes to 
follow me I to avoid. vvhich» he always 
flajFi in the veflry five or Hx niinutet 
after I have gone into the church, lo 
this refpcA 1 wifli to be fet right. I 
look iip«n the prayers to the Deity of 
fo much more conilquenccand rcfpcfla- 
btlity than the addrcfs to tntfti that, ex* 
ccpt an opihion w given decidedly againft 
it, I (houid think I afted unworthy of my 
ininillry in fubmitting in preccdcncv to 
kif/bopj reBoff *uicart CMraig, t USu^ery 



with a Jingle Subflanfivesm [Feb. 

as PRSACREKS. If i am wroi\g, I 
will chearfuliy fubmit ; if right, I have 
no obje6Hon to wave my right, to com- 
pliment and ro follow my fupcrion ia 
rank in the church. I wift to be better 
informed, that I may know the place I 
have a right to claim, and that the bene- 
ficed clergy may know, whether prece- 
dency is uivcn tathem out of their right 
to it, or out of compliment. Infoma- 
tion on this fabjed will oblige 

Yours, &c. A Friend to Order. 



Mr. Ureak, /■#*. 7. 

THERE are certain adje£^ives in onr language, which are feldom or never ap- 
plied, unlefs perhaps metaphorically, to more than one ptRicuUr fubfttn- 
tire % and 1 here propoft to fend you a lift of them* 

A chopping boy. May wine. 

A boiktrous wind. Brackifh water. 

Hazy weather. Troublous times. 

A hare-brained^ or crack- Foundrous roadf. 

brained, or Ihake-bnuoed A cate|;orical anfwer. 



fellow. 
A (allow complexion. 
Menial fervonts* 
A httnous fm or crime* 
A feared confcience. 
Piping hot. 
A lumping penny-worth. 



Lsckerd blood. 

A wall-eyed liorfe. 

A (kittirh horib. 

Bandy-legged. 

Pur*blind. 

A (heepilb fellow. 



Hare-lipped. 

A wild-gcx>fe chaee. 

A termagant woman* 

Cotton-jawed. 

Cater-coufina. 

A hen-pecked fdk>w# 

A ialty bitch. 

A peftilent falkmr. 

A hnm-drum fellow. 

Aubournhair, 



Rabbit -mouthed. 

Thefe are what I at prefent recolle6l, but fuch as are attentive in reading or 
«onverfation, will probably meet with many other exprcfTions of the kind. L« £• 



CharaStr 9/ Mr. Wright. 
(C9ntinutd frtm p, 11 ) 

IN 1743. Mr. Wnj^ht was attacked 
with a v'olent fcvtr at Lord Lime- 
rick's; and, in the beginning of rhe fol- 
lowing year, we find him con^tUioing 



to his friends of an ill Oate of heal|b» 
which continued to diftreis him *. 

In 1746, Mr. Wright made a voyage 
to litland, where we 6nd him under the 
patu<nage of lord .Limerick and the 
bifliop of Riphoe. He continued the 



* Mr. Wrijrhi*s vifits in this 211 J the two fr,l!owing years were, 1747, to Old Windfor, 
taught lady Gi«y, lord Glcnoichy, and the two mifs Townfcnds, Caiolmc and Abinea; to 
lord Middleton's, and accompanied him to hpf(.m races; to Mr. Duck, atKew; Mr. 
Holmes's, Tottenham High-ci ofs ; ro Cafl!ohui7, and Ad\on Wells, with Mr. Evansi to 
lord Limerick's; to eol. Selwm's, in Krnt; tr) (hr M«at, near Canterbury, with tUe han. 
Mr. Townfrnd, tovifit Mr. (lowpcr; invri-.L«d and drew, for (he duchcfs oC JCent, the 
two fronts of her new bour<K; u\\^\\\ Mis. I'hipps, and Mils Davers; 1744, at CaOiobury, 
with lady ElTex; went toblthann, and {'urve)eil the old palace; Old Windlor; vKited Mr. 
Godolphin, loi-d Middleton, Moor park) New Town, near Limingron, Hams, , with Mr. 
Mitford; Ifle of Wight, Poitfmoutli, Southampton, Salifbury, Wilton, Ambtrfbnryi 
Stooc-licn^e, Winchcfler, Pc|'p«rham, Petuorl'.^ and dined with an Indian king { Mew- 
in^ton, Kew, MufFjt;:, in Ilenfurdlhiie, with tlie hon. Mr- Cowpcrj earl Cowjfier, aC 
Cole Cireen, Heiiford, St. EJniimU'.Nbiiry, Culford, lord Cornwalhs'b, Eufton, Ickworth, 
tlie earl of Eiillors, Rainham in Nor.-(i]k, Icrd Town(end*s, taught his (on Roger naviga- 
tion, and hi« daugLhlcr afh-onomy; Mrs. TounferidV, loitl Hubbard's, Hor. Walpole'Sy efq. 
Lynn, dniiik out of icing foV.r's cnp j lady Davers at RnOibroke^^^ambridge ; lord Gvdol- 
ph\n*s, »t Gil-: Mapo^ ; the r!ce-ch;:ncclloi^, Dr. King. 1745, taught Mifs ^ar. and Ann 
Townfcnd, Mifs Abinia Townicnd, lac^y Sophia Grey, the roarchionefs Grey, Mifs Com- 
walhs, Mifs Havers ; Mr. Egcrton, navigation. Invited this year lo Ickwurk, Rufhbroka, 
Culford, Dntifon, Hi>nniiigha»p, Ranham, Wrcft, Camhndgc-Kew, Newtown, Pepper- 
haira, Newmg^on, Wilton, Mutfeis, Calli bury, Old vVmdi'>r, and Whitchurch. Diack. 
A Aon wa^erSi came co town 10 folait (hy bdy Comwallis's advice) a imall place vacant 
by fhe de:»th of Grry L<'n-cviUr, e(n. Vvci;t to the Moat near Canterbury, aC Chfiftmas, 
10 ViAt the rev. aud huii. Mr. Cowpcr : law a valuable fnendf M:is Caiter. 

winter 



\1^%'Y^^^*^ *f ^^^^^^^ cfintinued. — Anecdote ofD^mz Joane. 1 27 

winter at Dusd^tlk, ind returned to Mr. Urban* titfv. ^. 

Eiigland the 16th of June, 1747- D"- T Cannot inform you of Dame Jr^^m;'* 

xw% hU ftay in IrtUod, be wa& engaged X lurname, p. 893 ; but I believe J c.\ft 

in vificiofi; placet of anti(]uity, and col- acquaint you with the iocldent that in- 

Icfting drawings and materials for his duccd Charles II. to reckon her in the 

Lonshiana, the firft volume of which, number of his friends. A few day& bc- 

with m mnltitude of cuiioui plates, he fore or alter Charles's concealment in 

puUilhcd in the year 1748 *• In 1750, the oak, be happened to fetk re^\:f.f: la 

Mr. Wright publiihed his Theory of a farm-houfe, the miftrefs of which (£ 

the Univerfc, illuminated with a great imagine Z>tfav# Joane) drelTcd him like a 

many plates. clown, and fet him to turn the fpit. His 

In I75it began to prepare for his re- purfuers, having an idea of his being im 

treat, and build his houfe at Byer's the premifesyexamined them very clolciyy 

Green, but continued his ramhling life and in their fearch entered the kitclien. 

till the year 176a, when he retired into On their approach, Charles laqjccd 

the councrvy as he notes it, ** to finilh round 1 which the protefVrefs obfcrvinij, 

hi« Audiei." ihe feiaed the baning-ladie, and with it 

In this retirement, we 6nd Mr. gave the kmga feverebldwoo the b^tck* 

Wright little noticed $ his genius was laying to him very angrily, *< And wlut 

Dot adapted to the humour of his coun- du you ftare at, you dog you; whf 

try neighbours. When Dr. Egerton do not you mind wh»t you arc about ?" 

came to the fee of Durham, he, as well This reprimand furnifhed Charles with 

n lady Sophia, paid an honourable at* a pretext for keeping his eyes fixul 

tention to their old preceptor, and he downwards upon the fpit; which atti* 

was frequent at their hnl'pitable table, tude, together with the Houclicd har. 

He died at b*s houfe at Byer's Green, cffcQually concealed him from the rocog« 

and was interred at the church of St. nizance of his enemies. No doubt, 

Andrew, Auckland, on the 15th of the regifler at White Ladies (if extant) 

February, 1786, leaving a nntural can fapply the fuiname of thifc bolpit« 

daughter, who furvivcd htm only 18 abie dame. 

months. By his will and telHment, his This anecdote has been often recited 
munfion- houfe, and the reft of his real to me, by an ancient perfon ot veiacity 
efhue, was ordered to be fold, and the lately dcceafed, who was born at Stuur- 
produce diftrtbuted to his neareft rela- bridge in 1714, and was brought up at 
tioBSy who were all nece(?irous people. Bilfton hy a giandmother, from whorfi 
In his early life, he had contracted a ihe pro03t)lv hud the relation, and who 
pedantick fliffneft of manners, which might pr.Hibly have been acqiiaintirti with 
was not poliflied down by his frequent Dmme Joame. My iniormer reiiicinbcted 
intercourle with people of falhion; on the Royal-Oik, hut in ?. ilate nf decav : 
the contrary, he rather affeficd 10 keep it wa» then fenced round, and her mo- 
it up, though ^cc(.:npanied with the tiKr had a tubiifcn-ftoppcr made of its 
countenance of good humour. His \\or>d : ilie was alfo well ac(]u.iii.tcd 
temper was gentle and i*ifab!i:, ard his with uvircob»:!-Houf'c, White- LaUies, 
mad was generous; but hts lludiis Wullall, and Wolverhampton. 
leading him out of the common :r»ck Yours, &c. A. Al. R. 
of human afi>iirk, left him v-ry little — ^.— .• 
converfant with the ordinal y dutirs of M:'. Urban, Fch. S. 
]ifc( Theic was fomething P.ighty and T Reiidily excufe the omilTion of my 
eccentric in hts notions, and a wiitlm Cs X Itctcr, .is yr*ur cor.'efpon dents ^arfrr- 
of fancy followed even his Old iflary [MO- ^vtfjr, t^arviaJiSi and Simpiiaitiy have 
jtGi%% fo that bis houte was not built ur 16 very aoly conhited the atieiiions of 
fitted up, upon the model, or in the your (ild corrcfpur dent (now no more), 
order, of other men's buikliri^«. A dc- and proved fo cIlah) the fjliicy i)f his 
fcription fif it, iound among his MoS, reflections on the 1.. action ot iheiabwui:- 
and which appears to have been writitn ing pr or of this kink>d<im. 
lor fome particular friend, (ball conclucic Mr. Ruggles niulT be niiOiiken, in h's 
this article in our neat. delcnbing EiiAiibeth dc B'jr^h to he the 

widow of Lionel, Duke ot Cldience, fine 



* Th* fecoad volume, with the drawings yet reroaiolng unpuhlilhcd, to;;ettier with l vo- 
kune of aatinuitics colkAed in fingUnd, are boiU now in Mr. AUu/:k p^f leliiwo. 



I3l8 Eliz. de Burgh. — Beau Traps. — MifitUanfUi Rtmarls. [Feb. 



ihc died before him, and he afterwards 
married Violaate, an Italian lady ; with 
her he only lived 5 months, his life bein^ 
iioitened, as it fuppofed^by the feaAing 
and hif;h living that fucceedcil the ce- 
lebration of that n>arri^i!e in Italy. On 
hit death he wnt brougiu back to Eng- 
land, wtA buried near hit former wife, 
the faid Kliubcth de Burgh, at Clare in 
SoflR>lk. She was the daughter of Wil- 
liam de Buri;h. an Irifh nobleman, and, 
I helieve, Earl of Ulfter, for the Duke 
of Clarence afTiinied chat title in right 01 
hit wife. Neither can 1 conceive how 
your coirefpondcnt can prove her to be 
the grandaughter ttf Gilbert de Clare, 
for he was Carl of Gloucefter, and was 
(liin at the b4ttle of Banockbourn ; and 
wat fon of Joanna de Acres, Edward 
the Second's HOer. 

^au TrapSf which your correfpondent 
Remigius enquires after, were, I believe, 
irft invented and made by the chairmen 
at Bath, who Hill contioae the fame 
praAice, by loofening a flat (lone in the 
foot- way, that in rainy weather thofe, 
who choofe to fave chair-hire by walk- 
ing, may, by treading on the loofc ftone, 
throw up all the dirty water fettled 
undcrit, upon their flioci, (lockings, &c. 

I cannot but obfcrve, Mr. Urban, that 
though ^he almofl univerfal difptay of 
loyalty through the land has obliged 
the grumblers and levellers to hide the!r 
heads, yet they will ftill poke out their 
hornt. That, one whufe fignaturc is 
Sigia, efficiouilv reprehends your cor- 
refpondent A. Z. for too lightly ufiog 
a facred name in his Itttei, (u far, in- 
deed, with foroe (how of juOice, as cer- 
tainly that hallowed name (hould not be 
ufed or expre(red 6n lii;ht occafions; but 
it foon appears, that this pitce of deli- 
«icy is only introduced for the purpofe 
of making invidious reflections on the 
whole of that very candid and feniible 
letter. In the fame indircd manner is 
Mr. Burke refle£led on by another, 
whofe fignaturc is M^s. 

Thefe (kits are undoubtedly of little 
confequence ; but it ihewt what the 
party would be at; but i hope the hydra 
heaat of fuftion are now fo wounded 
and difmayed, that they will never be 
able to rife again to difiurb the peace 
and happincfs of the good people of this 
kingdom \ but that loyalty to our king, 
love for oar conftitution, and good 
will amongftourfelves, will reignthrough 
ail ranks of peoplcp and continue \o to 
the end of time, in fpite of all the wicked 
Mtumptt wMde to the contrary. 

Yomtp &C. Algii. 



Mr. Urban, 7«r. 10. 

YOUR correfpondent, LXII. p. 210I9 
will not, I believe, meet With apartU 
cular account of Mr. Thomas F.dell in 
any biographical work. Indeed, he does 
not fecm to have been a man of much 
celebrity, but is only known to the prp- 
f«<{ion by a fmall book, which he pub* 
lifhed about the year 1654, entitled^ 
" A Perfe£l Guide for a (ludious young 
Lawyer." It confifts principally of pre- 
cedents in conveyancing, which in the 
title are faid to have been "colte£led to- 
gether by the care and induflry of Tbo« 
Fidell, of Furnival's Inn, ecnt. who, at 
fpare hours, had made it nis (ludy for 
above thirty years." The portrait, men- 
tioned by Conqui(itor, was doubtlefs 
prefixed to this work, originally printed 
in 4to. 

P. 1089. P. Q^fiyt that the pilgrims 
mlierid the Greek (igma into a C : he 
probably forgets, that the figma in latter 
ages was exprefTed by a character per- 
fe£lly refembling the Roman C. It isy 
therefore, more likely, that whoever 
was the tranfcriber, or (culptor, they bad 
no occafion to alter any of the litters, 
but that the original infcription had ic 

thus IHC. 

P. 1107. The infcriptioo at Bilton has 
not the letters blended in the manner 
D. H. reprefents them ; but each word 
is feparated by a flour i(h fame what in 
the following way> PiefurJcnJ FaicsJ 
darases. 

The placing N. inftcad of M. in the 
fourth word of the Bid line, and £. in- 
Read of T. in the (econd line, are. no 
doubt, errors of the prcfs. 

Yours, &c. ExONlKNsit. 



Mr. Urban. Ftk, 14. 

THE failure of Mr. Young's experi- 
ments on fpiderk, vol. LXII. p, 62, 
mud certainly be owing to fume acci- 
dental Crtufe ; for, the 6th of laft month« 
having enticed a fpid«:r out of its hole in 
a wall, 1 put it into a phial, which. I 
corked pretty clofc. At two diflfcrent 
times, the fccwTid hting a d>iy tu two 
only from the lirli, 1 put another iuio 
the fame viitlj but found, the foliowipg 
day, that the fiifl Ipidcr, which was 
larger than ciiher ot the others, had 
killed it, and wms fvcding upun, or per- 
hp.ps, lucking its b'xGd. 1, after that, 
forgot my fpidcr, till the Cth of thia 
mouth \ when, looking at it, it gave me 
ple«fure to fee it ^iivc, and feemingiy 
as iar^e as when firil put in. Fron 
ncgle£lia^ it for fo Wag a time, it- it^ 

obTioos 



t793*l yarhta RimeJiisfor Corns'. — fiaynard and Thorpe. 129 



obviouf it had nmbiDg to feed upon. I 
hiTC not jrt given it any thing ; and I 
ihall carefully obfervc Ih>w long it will 
lire in conKnemcnr, and without food. 

I %«as much troubled wiih corns in 
the winter of 9x« The remedy I made 
nfc of was this: I wetted a p>ece of lint, 
a fuScicncy to cover the exteefcence, in 
fptriis of hartibom» laid it on the corn 
(ccnfioed by meant of a bandage of 
clotb) line wing it every nig he and 
norniog. How Jong 1 continued thii 
couric I do not recoTle£L This I can 
Uyt /have felt no inconvenience from 
them Ancc. It it to be obferved, nnne 



heel. I frould be obliged to ^iny of vour 
correfptinHrnts i^r a cnt^tin cute for 
watts uM the ban Jb*. M my charm' are 
u!ed, fonu- may ha^e fuccccdidy not ^I* 
w<i\ft to bi' depended en, f. uiii one ^^ho 
his tur k \our miivnz'nes fro"< thcii ti ft 
being publ ftie.*. You's, &:r. \% \ Z. 
P. J9i ccL I, I. 452, for ** d^^wi^g•^&om/* 
read " dJuing*riM>m." 



were of that kind denominared bmrd tor coins. 



Mr . U B B A N , 6« 'bam^ Surrty, Feb, ^ 

I Am ba^py ihMt I have it in ii}f 
power to communicRie, by your 
me;tns, to X. Y. Z- and the public, a 
certain, fpeedy, eafy, and cheap, curv 



corns i whether it anfwers in fi/t ones, 
1 do not know. 

If X. Y. Z. vol. LXII. p. 1163, ba> 
no objeQion to try the above remedy, I 
add, to cake caie that the fpirit doe* not 
extend beyond the com, as it might 
coirode the more tender fk.n. Some 
iccommend a piece of raw beef, applied 
by way of plaifter, frcouently changing 
it. But the iiioft effedhiai remedy la 
generally allowed to coolift iu bathing 
the feet nftca in warm water, and pa* 
ring the hardened (kin, fo as not to draw 
blood, which, were it done, might ba 
followed by fatal coafequcnces. 

P. T168, voJ. 4a. i Cake the liberty 
of referring Mr. Jackfon, fok* the piu- 
babic etymology of London, to a work 
pftnicd in ib67, entitled, *■ Londino- 
polit I An Htflorical Dilcourfe Cer Per* 
luAratioA of the City of Loudoii, the 
Imperial Cliamber,and chief Emporium 
of &reat Britain," &c. by John Uowcl^ 

•fq. YoUfS, &C. EVEIARD. 



Mr. Urban,S//. U^emrm9tith,Fibsi%. 

IN youi Uft volume, X Y. Z. rcquetts 
a cure for corns. I have liven cur* 
nentcd with them Mr tn^ny years, 1 itcly 
bv tight Ihues had an addiiioo of them. 
Employing my tervanc to cut them, ifae 
look a needle (;iFicr cutting off' the hard 



I fuflfered very much by them for 
fevci-.ii years, and was fo lame th/lt C 
could not walk without a ftick to fup- 
pin me. By the application of fuft 
brown paper, muiAened with fpittlc, £ 
found immediate relief, and wai per- 
fectly cured by a few drcflingi. I have 
recommended ibis fimple remedy to 
many of my friends, and bave never 
known it fail. Yours, 5cc. 

James GoooriRji 

Mr. Ukban, Fih »U 

IN your December Mag. p. iioi. W. 
& D. notices an inaccuracy of ea- 
prcffion with regard to Mr. Bavttard'a 
afliftiag Dr. Thorpe in the puiutmim 
of the ** Regiilrum R( IFenlc ^" bii Ton, 
the late Mr, Thorpe, having in ftt^ 
been |be tditor of that curioua collec- 
tion. But it was at leafl prtpared hf 
the Po^tor; and Mr. Baynard cold mcp 
that he tranfcribed a coafideflabie p«rf 
of it, panicularly many articles that 
abounded with abbreviations. The 
" Cuftumale,*' I believe, he never faw, 
till Mr. Thorpe prefenttd it to him. 

But this I Ihould have palTed ovcft 
had It nut been for an error, which t 
fiud uncorredled in your Supplement, 
and Jduuaiy Magazine, whether of 
the 




part 
Tag, J^Srtfor/g ti^i. 



t W. & D. Iptt uvrtiQeck "ft. 1E.UIT . 



b«m& 



I JO Dodd's Prifin Thughts. — Blakcy 9n Pnmps end Piflms. [Fc}v 



h^jndfide^ the produ6lion of that unfor- 
tunate Divine; and was, (hciefore, ex- 
tremclv furpr'ucd, the other day, in a 
mixed company, to hear it ferioufly af- 
fcrted, that the nal And /§U author v. .-s 
the celebrated Dr. Samuel Jolinlou, thnt 
he pompolcd them gratuuoufly for Dr. 
D. and that the piofiisof ihc falc (which 
«vA8 uncommonlv rap'd) were applied to 
the relief of the Doctor's necc|{itic*i d«j- 
ringhia melancholy eijnBncment ! The 
alTertion was ftrange, but p'.aul'ihle, and, 
I own, daggered my former belief; and 
I fubfequcnt pcrufal of the excellent 
poem in qucHiun has increafed my fuf* 
picibos. It Terms hardly probab e, that 
9 man of Dr. Dodd's cxquifuc fenfibiixy, 
placed in fuch an uocommon and *ni°g 
muacion, and buoyed up by the'rAila- 
ciout expe£lancy of pardon^ could fct 
down with a calm refolutioo to write a 
long p§im, in bUnk vtrf§i and ^»cb a 
poemy efpeciallyt as the one in quef- 
tion ; fo replete with poetical imagery, 
and expredive of laborious mcdiiatiun ! 
On the contrary, I Ctinnot reconciic the 
£«f// of deceiving iht public, with the 
fv««rfxrr# of Dr.'D'^s. ^Lncru! ch:i'j^.\er. 
Fame, to a dying man^ is but a vanity at 
the beftl to Dr* D, it would be fu- 
perfiaous, for he was /uperfaturared \y'id\ 
It* Wishing fome of your more intcl* 
rigient conrefpondents would develope 
thii myftery, 1 remain, Your's, &c. 
A SINCERE Well-wisher to 
Truth. 



Mr. Urban, Jan. 31. 

HERE is a letter I fent to Moofieur 
le Roy, member of-thc Royal Aca- 
demy of Sciences at Paris, in which are 
critical remarks «»a the concUlVms of 
itie Academy of Sciences at Peteifburg, 
nvho have crowned a had amalyfis of 
fome parts of Newcomen's engine for 
rtie theory of fire machineiy. 
Dear Sir, and Old Friend, 

As you have lived with the celebrated 
Def'aguliers, who has demoivflidtcd the 
tlicory and practice of the levtr-cngine, 
you are bct'cr able to jddgc ilian any 
body of a work which is jud come 
out, under the nd^ne of Tbeorj tf Ma* 
cbinti put in motion by (ttam. Ic u to 
be had atjomberi's, Rue Dauphine, a 
raris, 

I have made foir.e obferrations on this 
writing, which I (tud you, in order to 
know whether the Academy at Paris 
would have concluded as that of Peterf- 
burg. 1 had heard of this iome time 
pait; hut, in Qiy Uft^ Comce Bithiany 



fent me a profpcftus as a fore-mnncr ot 
this work, in which the Lieutenant Co- 
loncl d'Arnal boafts of his knowledge ia 
fire-engines, and fays, ** There was ■!•• 
thing wanti.d by engipe«>builderi but 
rules founded on a good theory, to makt 
pe'fc''> hre-m^inesuf all dimenfions. 

This made me the more dcfiroui to 
fee this work, as yx>u may think, efpe- 
ci<4ily after fuch a po^ive conclunoa 
made by an engineer io the Empcror^t 
fervice, who, I thought, muft have 
known fomething of the laws of expao- 
fion and condenfation of fleam, at well 
as tbofe of the elafliciry of air, and that 
he knew how to put them in aAioSf 
witiiout the number of mechanical iA* 
plements made ufe of at prefeoi. 

At lall the work came to band, and I 
was fuiprifed to find nothing but an 
an<<lyns ofromeparisofNewcomen's and 
Cawley's lever-engine, inAcad of a 
theory, written in a bold manner, as if 
the writer had been a roan of the mod 
profound experience. But, as the Aca- 
demy of Pcteriburg had given its jodg- 
mcnc quite diflfcrent from mine, it made 
me look into the affair much mure than 
I fhould have done, had it been the de- 
cifion of a private perfon. 

So, without any more preying, I 
fhall fojlovv my examination in the fame 
order the writer has made his analyfit, 
and begin my leview on what he Otyt of 
pumps and piftons. He enters on hit 
lubjeft thus : *« We muft obferve, that 
the ctTcfts of fleam is entirely employed 
to make the piflon life in the cylinder { 
but it makes no impreilion on the beam, 
fo as to caufe it to fall towards the pumps, 
nor on the rods, to make them. plunge 
further into thofe pumps. 

Of pumps andpijlons. 

Pjmps arc, without doubt, of the 
greatfeit conlcquence in lerer- engines, 
fince it is with them that water is railed 
out of mines, for which reafoo I fhall 
mention in what manner 1 conceive they 
fhould a£l. 

Pump-rods, kc. in fire-engines, mufl 
be heavy enough to more than counter- 
balance the weight of the piflon in the 
cylinder, in order that the piflonsof the 
lifting pumps may immerge as far as 
they can, to bring up as much water at 
polfible. 

This over-weight makes the beam 
fait on the iidc of the pumps when the 
engine is flopped, by which means the 
rods are at the lowefl, and the piAon, 
in the cylinder, at its hif;hell pitch 1 
confequenil), whtw the itcain comet 

into 



'7930 Blakcy's Olfcrvatlons on Pumps and Pijlons. 13 1 

inio Che cylinder, it can fill its capicity li««i been pivm bv Brighton ind Defa- 

without any rtiiftancc; but, if the beam guUcrs lo"g Cn cc : (o tlK\c what the can- 

is overloaded on the pump^fide, it didate brin^^ in for new and difficult 

would be fo much againft ihe power was (hewn in a plain and ealy manner 

wh:cb ii to bring up the water; never- fixtv vears palK 

tbelefa, the load on the pump-rods, &c. On the ofcenfion oftifion in tit Q/t/idfr^ 

nuft be greet enough to over-power the ThouKi> I \>a\%, faid a*, much as is ne- 

^reet pifton, that of the pumps, and the cclTarv <n tiiis nwucr, yet I flyll fcllcw 

ineriial refifiance of the ' heavy beam, the ur tcr in liis own or<icr, ami faiv, 

witboutany danger thar the (team fliou Id that it ha? b:cn found that long liU« 

force (he |fiflon out of its cylinder, biing up rnoie water than fljort oncs^ 

Here U whit Defaguliers faid on thcfe wuhout any W'ti:hcraft in it ; for which 

BUttera : rcaCon, cylinders uf twelve feet have been 

"When the regulator is open, the fleam caft to m:ike i\\fi pirton run nine; hut 

gives ■ pu(h • on the infidc of ihc piKon, care muft be uktn nor to make thcni 

wfaichretfes it up a little way, the fleam too lone, Iwcaule rhcy would condenfe 

weupyiog more fpace, balance! the out- ihc fleam *jc*brc ir eot up to the top, or 

ward ail, thus oniy fuflains the pifton ; it mul> be hoittrth.in ufunl, which would 

but the over- wtight of the pump-rods at r'-qu'rc moic fiic; for which reufon a 

the contrary end of the beam, bi, draAS cvlindT murt not have too much Icagth, 

up the pifton C as far a% W ; the ftc.im 10 *voi(l thir condenfat:on of them by 

then expanded, foasrotiil all thecylin- conra6t in li.e cyliocfer, which coudcn- 

der, would not quite fupport i , if it was fation iimft Ik by no other means than 

£ot for the over- weight mentioned. If that of the injection of cold water, as 

this wai not true, when the end of hi is ^emg the quickcft manner known to ob- 

itown as low ai it is to go, and fits upon tain a vacuum 

the beam that bears its center, the chain Ofi tbi proportions of the hoiitr^ and tbi 

LH, above the pifton, would grow (lack, ^•''^ which contains tbtfitam. 

•pd the pifton might fomctimcs be pufli- H<?re the writer gives four page? or 

cd Out of ibe cylinder, which never calculations, and fix others in rtmaiks, 

liAppcns. which muft be f'cen in this work, ;i5they 

X>«faguliers could have f^id " it can '"'^y he akjreciblc to ihofc wh» love long 

»cvi.r happen," for the lUnni ihtn would problems for liiiie matters; but 1 (hail 

^ fo Arong as to burft the boiler. f^y» ^hat the upper part of the boiler, 

£\r*LM^^ M L K^i J M sL j^c which is iMiiitd Alambic in the French 

^ ^TT*^t.V!uT . '*'' -^ ^^'^"^^ '^ °^ •"«^« '"■ ''•«•« fi«» «cord- 
tbi hiam apfo,Me the pump,: -^^ .^/^,^ ^^, .,^^., ,^„^^ . ,,^^ J,^^ ,^^g^^. 

The writer here give^ four pages of \i .^^ fi,c more ftrarn ic coninins, and 

calculations, which muft be ftudiej iti xvhich rviiis throui^ii the rt-ijuUtor with 

ihc work iifclf to undirftand what it riorc equal velocity j fur which rcafot^ 

means; for which re-fon 1 (liall not en- it is belter to have tiiis p..rr contain tx:n 

ler into any detail on this (uljjca, all times inoic flenm than the cvlindcr, in 

that I Ihall lay is. that the load on the \\cu of fix. as cnir writer fays, ihnuph 

end of the licam near the cylinder he has never (ecn a firecngme; b-it I 

ought not to be fo great as to hinder the |i,-,il fay, that ihc moft expcntrtctd ma- 

^mp rods from gomg down, which has rufa^urer of thLlc cuijincs told me, 

Uea ihewn already, and which theory ii^^t 11 was the cuftom to have the dia- 

* The pu(hagainft the pifton, a< Def:i{>;i.}liers faysi can h: but tli<* tenth of tJie weight of 
the atniofpliere, according toilie Doctor's own i-ules, beciufc ttie i^fety-w.ive can keep in 
ftcam of no greater force. Kut, to fatisfy you morei>)::n wirii a b.trc CjuuLiiion, I (hull 
fappofc the onfice of the rt'!*idui'>r tci be twelve inci;e> in di.im^t.:, tl;:: (tram coming 
through having but the tenth p.iit more power tli.an t!ie v.-'.-ghi of tin- .irnw>;'p:icro, it ran 
iliike with a force of but 1:0 |y>aiiiUagaiii(l the IrKtoni d ilu: ptlhin: >'<nd, .u tli.> piiton 
lut^ three feet diameter, As furf..cc i*: nioe cu cnlar fe:t, i>t on'\ (c •.icii ftwa oti:d i . ccive hiu 
a little more than fixtecn ponm'.s pulh, if ilic ftenni '.v:is loiLI ; biif, -4^ it is itiin and fluid, 
vhich the leaft cold cundcufc-, v.:...: lorl of .•. piiih cm hi. ii :t ituid riv, u!,':i u ilnkcs 
the furfacec»f a pifton Hut wcipha niorc tiun ;-3'^ p'u.nu., wills .» I ).ul u ...I'ci w.iclj is 
never lei's Uiaii fix inclMsiiuek, aiul vi.i.jli cooii ciu* piit<!i ictdy 'v ui'dn.:' i:i. n'A f)«ani 
if ;t orf^rs to pufti ngainft it > ferulii h icafon, tliC \Vi: r.-rtn pituiifrl.i cimuvi on tho 
punr.p-rods to m;tke tUe pilton nfe :i<v i.*\\ a-, i .c itonn k.s. r:i'(i 'S*^ i>>« icivii Uui , nut ttuiy 
In Cave time, but to hiniirr the oni:*^ of ihc licmi ..;: ...It ;:x ^.iluii, wlu^h hu .Id coii- 
dkitfc it, and ef cauilccaute a g:r«i i.unluni;>tiou wl iuvi. 



iiKtei 



Blakcy*t O^fervatims 9h Pumps and Pi/I§m. [Feb, 



meitr of fhe boiler three times that- of 
the cylinder, without any other rujc 
than to create fteam at fift as polFible. 

I fball make no mention of the mod 
perfe6^ rire-engtne in F- ^ncc, which the 
writer fpeaks of, as I have f«en none 
but in print, which are nothing; more 
than the old ones, as Belidore, the En* 
CTclopedia, See, who copv one another 
like compilers, to give accoun.s of things 
they never (kw. 

Cm ibefifii wbicb are n the rover dftht 

hiHitrt^ 

This writer makes caleutations and 
xemarkt, one after another, on parts 
which can only ferve to amufe thofe 
who find pleafiirc in jumbling numbers 
to fill up timcf but I (kalTfayp that 
everyone of thoCi pipes have their place, 
one for a fafety-valve, tha other to let 
off fleam, and the other he mentions to 
feed the boiler, ill fo tafy to conceiTC, 
tbttt they need oo ezplaoition. 

I fhall not entfr into any calculation 
"vf cbe (Ireagth of fteam » as the writer 
docs; every one who has feeo an engine 
fluft know the farety-vaWe fkews it; 
fof^ when the fteam is flrong enough, it 
forces up the clock of this valve, which 
gives notice to the workmen to fet their 
engine at uork* The other p<pe for 
letting ofF the fteam has no more occa- 
Tion for caTculations, than the will of 
him who intends to flop the engind. 
Of tki boiler. 

Utrt the writer gives himfetf the 
pieafuie, in eignt pages, to fliew, that 
a boiler, of 13 f«er diameter, gives 133 
cubical feetof fl^ami we ihall only fsv, 
that a little more or lefs heat alters the 
power of the fleam, and renders the 
calculations more variable, which may 
five pleafure to thofe who love them. 
I fliall not enter into the detail of the 
fixe or ihape of the boticr which the 
candidate fpeaks of, as I know nothing 
of them, and you know 1 don't love to 
read long defcriptions in Belidore, and 
the tranflations of other compilers, 
which arc lalways woife for being re* 
Cranflated, as it is with Vitruvius, who 
U thereby become, in fume parts, uoin* 
telhgiblc. 

Of tke iyeSi§». 

The c^indidare has given nine whole 
r of ca!c.:iatioas on injc^ion. A« 
I li^ive made mire chan Ave-hyndicd 
injections, without having had the icjil 
need of addition or rubtra£linD, &c. 
with fii>urcs, I fliall fay, that I always 
mitdc tticm to favc as much water as 1 
eould, fh trying to have a complcat va- 

5 



cuum, and as quick aspoffible; and thic, 
by openings and ihuttmg the paffaecof 
the injef^ion water, according at flaw 
the if^ik of it in working the enfpBe. 
I have even put ice in the refervoir, ia 
fumm'er, to chill my in je^lion -water t 
but I cooftantly found, that the greatcft 
velocitv of the injeftion had more effed 
than cold. However, as this U an eafy 
matter to manage, I (ball take ao Amre 
notice of vijtSiom te the Be/I mdwaitmge^ 
as the writer calls it, tliough he had 
never Teen one when he compofed bit 
treat ifc. 

On pipes through wohieh the ityeJfhm' 
nvmttr is evmeumteel* 

The writer beiog a great (over gjl 
numbers, he gives calculations en vm 
weight of the armofphere on each valvei 
I cannot underftand for why *i I fhould 
therefore fay little or nothing, waa tt 
not neceffary to take nor ice of this arti* 
cle, according to the order the candidate 
puts his worK in ; I fhatl fay then, the 
man, who attends the engine, opens or 
ftiuts this feeding cock as he lees his 
boiler wants water, and lets the wafte 
water run off. 

Of the provi/kuarf rffervohr^ 

This contrivance is only to have «a* 
ter ready for the boiler af:ec it has been 
cleaned ; but as the writer has loaded 
this article with calculations, they mufl 
be fee* in the work to underftand their 
merit. 

On the change nnhich eewui to them mfhiie 
the injeSiOM it mBing, 

This matter the C4odidatc has treated 
in twelve pages, where he afl'ures us, 
that " as the little change which mav be 
feen iu the piflon may make calculators 
too Icrupuloys, ard give them doubt re- 
garding the fore.eiven forms, we fliaU 
a(Ti^n reafons which will make them fee, 
that, being ruled by thefe forms, the mo* 
tion of the pifton will in pradice I'ubmit 
to thefe changts. 

After fuch a decifiveconclufifln, bolder 
than that of a man of experience, *Cf»me 
calculations to prove what he conjec« 
ture&i hut to riglitiv UnderfUid him 
you mutt look iiito his uork ; in the 
mean time I fhall Ut you know what 
praf^-ce has given me have to fay. . 

In the fiiii rnflaot that cold warer is 
injcftcU into ihe cvlindcr. it luirrs up 
and makes a liolt through the fteMin from 
the ht.foin to the top of tbt* vcfici, and 

^ If ihetiiteuf ilus article .d>ies not an- 
fwei to the fahjecjt in hattJ, let it he noticed, 
we follow ilie (iriier the writer lias fettled ia 
bis titles. 

ibac 



I793f] Vidk^ft Olfervathm on Pumps and PiJIons, 13 j 

dUK bipnt the cofWIcaririoa 1 rhe 3<c nf tfncal foot of water wtigh^ 48 pound u 
dflflicr afaiiifl ?he inwanl p^rt of Thii theory I knew no:hing of till Prac- 



lltt pilloB with force, which water fnlls rice had had ibcwn ic mc. You muft 
doWB like ratfi 00 the rcmainm^ (^eam, know I make ufe cf no other than Ens;. 



Md tloia fioiflici the condeofatioa ia the 1«fli mcafure, v^hich has civen me rules 
•heU diamcicr of ihe cylioder. for fir dine out one unite rial meafuie ia 



Okfnvaihwt 9m iki tackU. folid% as in fluid*^, which you faw in tnj 

Reie the cauididace gives fire p^pes of letter of ti c loch of Ap.il, 1780. 

miirkt. ohrcrv;it::'M on calcuUcions, But to come to The purp.ifie of know* 

»Uch nekea m« fay, chat when a niiAii ing what force \\ wnrcd for rsiiine a 

CM kava the pjiicrtcc to ftudy them, he column of skater f>f la inrhef diamctrr 

Bay tifid a ooofrqucace which we can- fiuui a dtpih of tco tcct. I mulcipl/ 

m'i but I fhall fav, that what the wij- 48 |H. (w)iicli istie \4ii: h: of a cvlindri* 

Icr has t^ken potice of here k knowo pa! foor of this fluid) \,\ ton, which 

bf rverv UHniDon workman, fince ti>e gives 4800. this dicwi tin: wri^iht of the 

wlk^lc CiMiiifts in only hallaDCin)? the co'umn cf wa^er; and a. I muft have 

ogiop rod^y &c! with the cyliudcrk pif* double th'-t power in 4 fite en^fine to 

raife fuch a weight, in onier to mafl'.-r 



Yoti will fay I ^ive myfelf much the ufua' fn£lion in the c^lin'ier,ns well 

trimblc by entering into fuch a lor)s de- av the ineriial rtKin^nre of all the heavy 

tail. 1 ihall ^ofivcr, that this work hav* nutrtials which are ma'c u'e of in ihnfe 

iflg been crowned bv the acad-my ar Pe« machines, I multiply ^S^o hy a, wiiich 

rerfburgi aotl I alio havipf^ wr'tten the fliewt that my a£livc powci n'lud have 

biMury and art ol making ilvofc^eni^>nei, 9600 pt»und of force. 
I coQ'd do DO ochcn^ile than look into Havneihtn found my rfiPne i-vowirr, 

the whoUy clfe it mi^ht ha^-c been laid anct regulated my adivc foic, 1 divide 

that I Was ignorant of the mattery but 9600 by 150c to find the furface of the 

at by what you have fern ic is tdain 1 piflon in the ciltndcM this ^tves me 

have run over the cardidate** writings, I lomethtce more thin fix fett and a half ; 

fliall (9\ that I oelieve the Academy ne** but as I i;ever take noi.cc rf fra£(ion>(in 

ver ItKikcH into his works, fo loaded m4chincrv I alt^ays git'e the ad vintage 

wi:li numliers and al^ebriical chara£ler»9 t>(he atlini; power), I mu'tipiv icoo 

that thry frightened iliofr who were ap- by 6 and a half, uhiwh givc& fomcthing 

poiBxd to give their report : but let that moie than double the wei^^hc of the at- 

bc at ii maVf a public company (h(>uid mofphere on tlie pif^on to make it work 

but be (o negligent a^ to overlook things freely^ as I hj«c faid 1 and fo much the 

brought befoie tliem, or judge in matters ipoie feely, as there is 250 pjimd force 

thc% do noi undtrft^nd. above double the power of the refusing 

Thif, my good fnenJ, it what Ith nk part* in motion : winch aniwcrs 10 my 

of a very i>4d M»aiyjii» whirh is given rule of pivin^ the advantage to :hc ac* 

lor a ite^ry^ and what I think of the tivc povvcrs, as experience teaches true 

judgeneni of the academy at Petcrf* cneinecrs to do. 

buigi but though -I lauga at tlieorifls Htre is affiher manner of caUulatvigth§ 
(oinetiauty 1 would not have you think Jorte of a tvlin^er naJy muA*, 

1 have Out received fomc favours from I Ihall fuppofe a cylinder (f ih*u ftct 

that ftale mthlt coquettes Theory, who is diameter 1 its furface will be «.Mr iwhich, 

nore cartflcd by ^nit mmhrts ihtn by betne multiplied by i^oo. makes i|s*^o 

I though I a(Turc you I am much pouncfd wt:ght of atniolpheie on ihc nil. 



ID love with the olo mother Piac- ton when the vaiuuin is fonnv 1^ thisdt- 

ticCf who as always bufy in the exercife vidcd in two, gives 6730 pi>unj< foice 

aiC truths^ and w|k> woui^ Ipend herleif for half the atlive power; divide tins 

10 oeaih OD thero» did not day light run again by a cylindiieal foiit of w^t- r, 

away from her lu cblig'. this real fchool vvnich is 48 pounds, th'S will fheujt 

of aics and frici\ce> lo take rcft« colnmn ot a little more rhan 14.0 Ui>(. 

But to ihcw youp as 1 faid, that this From which 1 fay a column of «v««ci n 

CO^U-tte Thcoiy has bcftowed ftimc fa- inches di^oi'-tttVi and 140 fe^t hii;h, is 

tours 00 me» (though I confeU my g(K>d in cquibbnum with a fTce ut (>7^9| 

inother Practice has corriMed my taults fiooi which I coDclu-ie th:tt my engine 

Theory bad (hewn nc), 1 fliall let you can raiic a column of water 140 teet, and 

know DOW 1 fiad my pailivc and adive keep W(*iking lounrily. 
yu w e is ia hyerauhc, Ike. This manner of tindinz out pafHvc and 

jKspcrisiici has told me that 1 cyltn* aftive powers ii^ Jo plain, toac it needs 

BO 



1 34 Parfonf the Jefuit. — Sheridan,— Cijr^/j/» Courtney, pF'cb. 



noexplanacion ; which made me lay ifide 
all meafures by cubes, to be after rc- 
ductU into cyUndeis» with fractions, 
which 00 1 y fe'rve to puzzle even thufe 
who think ihcic is a merit in knowing 
liow nuTiy /kipt :i Jisa cm rrakc from 
Mot'cow 10 Pckii), and that Ti.;::c is no 
undcrflanding of aris wiihoui ntakini^ 
life uf hieroglvpl/ic hgurc^ to iind uuc 
bow cm and cm make /<u-9. 



cf rhe Voyigei round the world bySng- 
liih nari);ators, (publiflied in 1773 ^f 
Mr. Kewbery, London,) fayt, thic 
" Captain Cour:t.ey' was a man of birtb^ 
fortune, and injiny amiable qualities.** 
It I am not inifiaken he wa^ a nacivf of 
Ireland; I (hou!d like to know if John 
C<)unneyt £(>[. mcm!)er for Tamwoith* 
is <f ihe faine fjmi!;, and, if be ii| lA 
wiiat rk^ree related to the captain. 

HaviuL' lately pcru'.ed a trial between 
Mr. James Anncflcy and Richard Earl 



For which re^tfon 1 (hdll always make 
vfc of my manner of meafuring by cy- ^ 

lindiical fcct.of waier, one of which of Angkfea, wliich happened in Ireland 

vrciglus48 pound, or the fame fluid tour in 1743. and lal\cd twelve days, at the 

inches diameter, and three feet long,, to end of which time a verdi£l was giren 

weigh 16 pf)und. for Ml Anncflcy, wiih 6d. damages and 

1 am, my good old friend, 6d. cods, iind havint^ never fcen (in iny 

your humble ftrvant, reading) any farther account cf Mr. An- 

W. Blakey. i^ftcy j I fhould be glad to be informed 

— -— — what became of him after the laid trial* 

Mr.UR.BAN9 Dfr, 8, 1792. and whether he enjoycU the lands he fucd 

YOUR corrcfpondent, p. 63a, may for till his death. , 

learn fome particulars refpedlingRo- In addition to what has been obfenred 
ben Parfons the Jcfuit, by perubng a refpefling fome of the baronets having 
ivork written by him in 1596, intituled, fupporters to their aims; I mufl obfcrve 
" A Memorial for the Ruformation of that Sir J. Goodricke and Sir A. Ed- 
England, &c." This work was pub* innnftone have no: only fupporters, but 
lifhed in 1690, by £dw;«rd Gee, rcftor nUoMucal coronets; and, were it not for 
of St. Benedid, Paul's Wharfi witb ani- the' red hand being rec^intd in their 

arms, it would be difficult for a perfoa 
not fkil!cd in heraldry to tell the differ* 
cnce berwifn their aims andthofeoft 
duke; I ihould be thankful to fee this 
mar.cr explained, and alfo why lord 
vifcouiit Cullcr/c are always rcprtfented 
without fupporters. Yours, &c. J. G. 



madverfions. In one of the noics (p 112) 
n is faid to have been found in the dole: 
•f the unfortunate King Jamev, after his 
abdication. In the introduihon to the 
work, are fome mtmons cH Robert Par- 
fon<, not much to his credit, and it con- 
cludes thus : 

" As I Like the Jefuits to be the very 
worft of men, fo 1 think the prcceilirg .ic- 
coviat'^ have proved F.ither Parluns to be tLie 
Tery word of Jefuiu." 

Some account is requefttd of Dr. W. 
Sheridan, bilhop of Kilmore and Ar- 
magh, who was deprived at the Rcvo- 
■«lution, becaufe he could not take the 
oaths to the new government, and whe- 
ther \\c was not father to Dr. Sheridan, 
the fiiend of Dean Swift } If fo, he was 
f^randfathcr to the late celebrated The- 
■iiical Manager, and g:c.it grandi'ail>i.i' 
tv R. B. S. E!*|. member toi Stafford*. 
Pretixtd tu three volumes of the Bi- 
fliop's Sertnoni., 1720, a portrait \v::h 
anns unwcr i., viZ. Az Jic a li.in raiiw 
psnr bciwe»-n thtrc tnf ils flipped Ai|^. 

He a)ri< puhliiitcd, in his hfe-umc, a 
f] i;le rcin.r#n, i6u(«, ** uii ihc dcat.^ of 
b r h/l. EuUacc.'* b^me account i^ ^Ifo 
ri'^utlicd I'i Captain biephcn Couitmy, 
V ho, iu i7c!>, luiicl lound the wurid :n 
.1 ■ii*.i calltd tilt DutciicU. The wnuv 
^ ■•" rniTis A (^\ very ger.cf.-.lly known. . 



Mr. Urban, F/*. 17. 

THE pedigree of the Middiet^^n U* 
inily ki^tving lately been made m 
fuhjcdl of difcutiinii in your valuable 
repon.cuy, and as the. dilficiiity does 
not yet (cem t>i he g- t over, I defire to 
fubmit the fui.owmg infoim^ition for 
the pcrulat of fuch of your coitefpon- 
dents Hi may be intcrcfled in finding our 
the preU-nt itpicfcntative of the great 
man who w^s lo confidcrablea benefa^ 
tor to ouiJl'Ui iraui^ mctrupoiis.. 
' Oa a giavt-ilonf, in the church of 
St. Lauiencc, Wincheiter, is the foi- 
lovving infcription: 

** In memory of J9HN Middle ton, G^of. 

whode|»3|icd ihis life, Sept. 15, 1749, 

aged 70 ycirs." 

Queic, if ihts was not the fon of a 
litiCdl uttcindaut ui Sir liugli Middle- 
ton, and tne Ucher of ibe Rev. Mr. 
Middleton, rcclur of LyndhvrLl, in tbe 
NeA-torcU ; a gentlem^Q who gcner^Uy 
.boafted hit delceut fium the tNicw.ri%cr 
MiddiKLon^ and who, 1 bcliuvc, a: trie 

tiOie 



I79J.] Gtlatinwi Suhjlanci near Rivirs ix^lained.-^OrnUUhgy. 1 35 



IMof h» dcccafcy enjoyed a (hare or 
flbarctio the New liver company. 

Your inferciag the abore in your Ma- 
iptiae for the next month may perhaps 
iadocc information, that the gentlemen 
who have hitbeno been concerned in the 
iaveflisacionyarenotawareof; and will, 
II the lame time, be obi igin^ an old cor- 
rcfpondcnt and admirer of Mr. Uiban*! 
public»f|<ritcd publication. L. M. A. 



Mr. U&BAN, 



r 



Fib. 13. 



H£ querf of P. P. P. (LXIL 
1 163) ts ratisf«i£torily 



anfwercd by 
ibe foll(i%ving note f:nm the H'uanic 
Gardca, Utely pubhflied by Dr. Drfrwin, 
pit fl canto I. 

"The Tremtlla N^lw, or ftnr-jcily, is a 
lioailage voided by lienins after th^y li.ive 
otcn frogs. Hence it has the :ippe:ir.iiice of 
haring been prelfed through a hole, nno the 
limbs of frogs are faid foiner.nnes in he 
ftnuid annong it ; it is always feen on pLiifis, 
or by Che fiJe of watei-places, which licrons 
generally freifueiiL" 
■ Your correfpondcnt (^ in yoor lad 
Migaxme, {vige 40, has proiluced I'ome 
curious prfffjigcs from Swinton'^ Tim vcls ; 
Kiit the moft cuiious, and, I .-Tuy \vi:h 
truth add, ihemoA fallc and tcuuUlous, 
be has cm tted. Ii is thus ihat xMr. 
Swrinton writes, p. 7S. 

'* The Daniih ladies are not rem.irkr.h!e 
for their beauty. It m«ft be from the Si'xo-.i 
femjlcs that the molt conr:(.'...*r.iV'lc p:-.i't of 



•iir fjir country ivomtn iiiliL:i: the. r c?.jrm«. jci'v hy ii.irii rain. 



the form of firings of beads, co^^^d up 
within the folds of the plant. W. P. 

Mr. Urban, Ftb. 15.^ 

MY opinion conccrnini; the migra* 
tion of the Hirundens remainrH un- 
fcttled, till 1 pcrufed the letter of T. P. 
p. ii6zi which, I think, contains ob« 
iervations in favour of migration that 
are dccihve, as it cannot be (uppofed 
that the plumage of thefe birds could 
attain perfection during torpidity. 

The ft4r-jeliy, mentioned bv P.P. P. 
p. I i6ji I have found feveral times upoa 
molly kfrcenfword. As 1 hivc thus aJ* 
ways found it in damp places, nnd have 
ob'.ervcd it to afpire in the nij^ht, I gueft 
it to be produ:rd by rruifturcj and yet 
there ieems Ihrnethins; reHnoui andfolid 
m its natuie, fincc I have feme now 
Iving bcfuie me lU^i J have prcferreiUA 
paper ever fiiicc I nicktJ it up upon a 
humid bo^lin^-giecn in Surrey, in Sep* 
tcmber, 17 So, unc Ihowcry moroisg 
be .'ore break lail. I remember, that a 
portion of the bowlin^-prten was co» 
vereJ with it, <ind ih.it a ^\la\ part of it 
diC^ppcaicd bcfuic nu;Iir. ';4m. 1 wa$ 
very curious in m\ cmjuuir^ about it^ 
but rniiid griin no itricr inf.>rmation, 
rh^n 'JiHt ir w»s often iccn dxie, and 
ti)»t the vulval though: it Tel! from the 
nnr-i. It m.iy he a fu>igii<>, tor 1 have 
tdkcn ootict', that tv\o oi rhrce kmdsof 
fun^ii arc fuojcit to be C!>nvLrted into 



Ttie higltcr clatres of the Lugl.rii, «idtliO 
lower ranks of 1^10 Scolcli, women, aie, no 
doui't, of Daiulh extradliuti, if wc 1112;* 
judge from a pa; :ty of iiglinefs." 

Yours, &c. W.W. P. 

Mr. Urban, /•."'». 1?. 

S££1NG an ubfervation in vour Ud 
fOJume, p. 1163, concern »n>j :* gc- 
latinous fubil^nce found by the iidcc of 
lifcift, I beg leave to inform P. P. P. it 
\* generality thought to he a vegetable 
fubAjace, and is called by liotanifts 
Trtmiiim N^Jiocj fome n«ive Utely allVrt- 
cd, that it IS of animal origin, but how 
far this can be fupported by is^ is not 
|et determined. 

Theie IS a fnnilar produ£)ion from 
the cfle£t of I'cvcre fruhs, naiuciy, fro- 
Yca frogs, but it may be dittingu*fhed 
by itf not ihritelliog up in dry weather, 
as ihc TntmtUm does, and the biihcs of 
frof a are generally to be found in it. 

Michel I9 aa eminent boianilt (witti 
the affiftaiice of a microfcope), inroima 
us, he difcoTcrcd the feeds as lymj^ in 



I: wciiilH be imgraic'-:! apathy not to 
coniiimniciTc to Mr. J'kiu (y'Migh, of 
KcidjI^p. iiq7,),ilie knowledge of the 
gr<.»r picaliiic 1 (Liivid tiom liis very* 
inriru^ive, riccui i:c, »nH crHcrcaining^ 
rtTiarks made on the vpuhtr, and on 
n;j:ural hidory, ai K.'.r.J..I. For the 
htociic <»f rill your rvmlLr:*, I hope they 
will be conciiiucd. J:^5)rmau^n of the 
kir.ci they coiitiiiii, I h .vc been wifhiog 
to MCtivc from tliolc pins many years s 
and 1 ni>w have the graiihcition of re- 
ceiving It from a very ir.ieil t^uoc hand; 
yo-j may theitfore );uc(s, Nir. Urban, 
the rdtiit«£)ion 1 1 tiivc tioui ir, efpe- 
cialiy as it very p.iiticula.Iy rciacck to 
birds. 

In Jann.iry, 1701, I faw a great many 
chatRnchc< (fnn^ ilia caltv 5 > , •j- n h m al c 
andfcmalc} but, in Januaiy 1792, and 
January 171^}, a bcH only nowandiben^ 
and larj^e companies of corks. On the 
3 It) q\ Jnui^iy, 1791* ariived a large 
Cf>mpany of hens, whi^h i'or>a after 
pHirfd crl' with the cocks. 1 cannot 
«iiUvei .Mr. (jurig'i'-. ^.lei)- « jncernmg 

Uvc 



136 Curicus Original Liitirs fnm Dr. DMnige. [Feb. 

the cock chaffinch's fong, but wii[ keep which will do more en form their no» 

it in miod. A Southern Faunist. noii»» tnd to charm jheir imincioos, thin 

the moll ricionil tod isoft piou» dif. 

tart of a curhus Liitsr 'written bf Mr. courfet of yoyr owo. 

(ajUr<mards Dr.) DoDDBiDGE /0 1 rejoice to think whtcdiufl^hters, and 

Mrt.'&.Q^oH htroputiitrmjcbool, wivc&, and mothen, and miftrelfeiy the 

Jkii 30, iTz6. pretty creatures will make in confCquenee 

YOU fpcak with you; ufual t?o«>d of tliofe inaKJms whicli they would hhve 

fenfe aoc difcretion, when you call imbihed f )r you. if there were ebv 

tcacliiog a large r«.hoiH a ^reat unW'-r- thing in the worlds madam, which could 

taking. It i« certainly, inauum, an office make me concent to refxi^ii ell the privi- 

of gieat labour and difficuity i b'<t, to be lege^ of my fcx» it would \yt that I might 

iure.vou aie frequently d.pporting your- go through a couifc of education with 

ftiif under it with iliis rcflcV^ion, th^t it you, &nd he formed under fuch a govern* 

Ui poft of the muO liooonrabte and im- mcnt. NiiCure vnXi not allow of fuch 

portent fervice. which any of your lex a change 1 however, madamy 1 would 

cpn be engaged -ni nor aie thctc many hopc,thit io an.>-h«r way 1 may 6nd my 

emplovmencN of -lie* male uorld which account in your «-nreriog into foch a bu- 

are bv any niean^ tu l>c compared wiiit it. finefs < for by rhis meant you will paia 

It you are fciious in aiking my advice, a (liil more exteciive aci^uaintaoee with 

which I can hardly imagine, 1 am lure the young ladies, yon will fee into thtir 

it muft he only an cxc f> of liutmiiiy true chara.*.ter>^, ^od no doubt fecure a 

which could lea<l you tu it; and it would vciy conrioerablc place in thcic afftfiionSy 

be an equal exccfs el inloleuce in me to and fo may poliibly have it in your power 

prstcjid to diflate to a lady fiom ulium to fitid me a miftrers among your pupils 

I ought to retum it niy honour and my fw»in«: years hence, when J may have lei- 

happiocfa to leceive tnilru'T^ion. And furc to attrnw to thole tender amafc* 

theicfore, midiim, inlleiul of putting on ments, which, for a while. Xhavc rcfo- 

a erave f^ice and preaching to yuu, I lutelv difmiireri. I entreat you, madtnu 

will rather, from my very heart, congra- to luuk around upon the little thouitht- 

tulate the happincfs of thole who are Isfs chaimers in this vieWf and if y<Ml 

placed under your care They might <^i^cern the dawning of a cb/uraAer which 

poffibly have K>un<l fome other midrcfs may be likely to make me happfybeAQW 

equally capable rf inflru£^ing them in fome pecu>iarcuiiivatioB upon ttinnegard 

the curioGtirs of the needle, or in thofc to Your moO aflfiAiooate friendy 

ether arts, which it is generally expcAed and moft obedient humble feiTBDt*. 

tbev ihould learn at fchoul; thought. PhILIP DODDAIDGK. 

believe there are few that would have - 

the vanity to pretend to rival you in Mr. Urbaw, Dartimgf^ FH. r^. 

thefci Hut I can hatdly conceive that T>)f the letter which accooiptpied the 

they could have tound a more bcauritul O drawings of the curious Miii, &c. 

patron of judicious tafte, elegant ftnii- from Margate, infcrted in your B4iga« 

menri and polite bieluvimirf mucli lefs zme for October, your correfpoiulcnc 

could they piohahly have U\ en into the (ecms to confiderthe fpeeiineii, of whiclv 

hands of a perfon who wouid be equally hg. 3. is m copy, a petrificatiOD of a teat 

capable, and equally foiiciious to form CHterpillar. All Naturalifh are Tcry 

them betimes to the knowledge and love rnucb divided m their opiaioa rtfpeft- 

of pra£^ical religion, without any of the ing thoic produ£lioBs. 1 hope ivokm of 

aukward, though fafliionabie, mixture of the numerous correfpondcntt to your 

affcaation and cenrorioufne(s, fupeirti- valuable Mifcclbny will be ki»d enough 

tion, or bigotry. You, madam, will to favour your readers ivith fome pro-^ 

cafily find out the moft natural and bahk conjeaures on this curioui fub- 

fraccful method of infmuaiin^ into their jefts. The foHil plants (aa tliey ire 
cartb, bv gentle degrees, a reverence of called) which are plencitui in Coal- 
God and a reliA for virtue ; and will brot.kdalc in Shropfliire^ and many 
teach them, by the familiarity of daily other places, are flatted add expeaded 
difcourfe^ what thaiaCtcrs are honourable with as much cxadnefs aa fpecitneat ia 
and amiable, and what in ditfercnt de- the Herbarium of the curious Bottnift 
grees are contemptible and haetul. And How is this regularity, and nice amneel 
then they wtll have continually in ment, to be accounted ibr, if we fup- 
their fight an example of all the moft pofe them to have been real planu? 
Uvel;)r branchei of the Chtinian umper. The fubftance which y«ui corrrfpon- 

deaf 



the abfurd name of '* FmlUn Stars,*' 

Yours, &c. £. R. 



1793 J '' Warwicklbirc FruboUbr en Dr. Pricftlcy's Jfpial. 137 

dent P. P. P- taquim ifter, in jrour of the damages occafloned by the riot s 
SflpplcaeBV P« <>63f ^^b his defcrip- and, if I had beeo guilty of fedici^ny I 
tion appears to be a plunt of the Tn* ought to have been accuftd as fuch, and 
mgUm kind 1 I fuppofe the T'nmiUm Aiffered the penalties of the law." So 
iV(^l0C ^ of Linnaeus, which is common much for the counfe). *' The legal 
in meadows and paflures in wet weather, proof of the articles of my lofs wav pe* 
cfpecially in autumn 1 it is of quick culiaily difficult from the nature and 
growth and fliort duration. Id the North multiplicity of them, nothuig of the 
of £nglaod this fubftance is generally kind having ever, as I believe, come 
known amongfi the country people by before a court before. It was deemed 

neeeflary that I ihould prove my having 
bten in poifefTion of more than 1000 
different articles, and at the time of the 
riot. One friend or other could have 
attcfted my having had mofi of the in-* 
ftruments, though not the chemicsl 
fubHanccs, but it was neceffary they 
ihimld all b? prefent in court. Their 
certificates in writing were reje£led as 
no legal evidence; and, when a num- 
ber of the articles in my laboratory 
were clafl'ed together, the oppofite 
counfel diTerted themfclves and the 
court, expofing their own ignorance 
juff as fo mxny Goths and Vandals 
would have done. My own leading; 
counfel was as little qualified to defend 
me, being equally ignorant of philofo- 
phy, and declaring in court, that he 
had not read any of my theological or 
political writings." The judge, though 
no chemift, was willing to make allow* 
ance for the fingular difficulty in my 
caufe, as both the catalogue of my 
books, and the index of fubftanccs in 
the laboratory, were deftroyed, toge- 
ther with the books and inAruments } 
and, had any regard been paid to his 
opinion, confiderably more would have 



Mr. U H B AN, Feb, io« 

DR. PRIESTLEY, in that raih and 
paliinnate publication, called the 
fccoad part of his Appeal, has infinu- 
ated charges againft the honour and j jf- 
tice of his country, which indicate disap- 
pointment of the deepeft fenfe, and re- 
icntment of the ipod malignant com- 
plexion { the intepity of the judge, the 
ooanrel, and the jury f, are impugned 
in the mofl barefaced manner, notwith- 
flanding he fcts out with faying, p. gi, 
*' We do not complain of the inUmtiom 
of the law, or of the difpoficion of the 
judges {" yet in the next page we ait 
cold, -''Our adverfaries, not content 
with the counfel that ufually attended 
the circuit^at a great expence employed 
Mr. Hardingc, the Queen's folicitor, 
whoy to firve ikimp ntgliSiJ his duty 
as a judge on the Welch cireoir, and 
Jpargd tnikimg to imflMmt tbi cowrt and 
jurj agmiwfi •!, quoting, not only in my 
caufe, but in thofe of the other fuffe- 
rcis, paflagcs from my writings, calcu- 
lated to reprefent me as the pell of foci* 

cty, and unworthy of protection or of been awarded me. Om vubM principli 
recoffl pence. The firft judge, Baron tbe jury proeudid is btft kno^jun to tbem^ 



Thompiba, endeavoured in vain to 
check his violence, and tbtrefort Baron 
£yrc, u is tbougbt^ iasho donvsi on pur" 
fo/e I but, though he did it in the caufe 
of the other fuflferen, when my own 
Cauie came before the court he ^mu per" 
msittod to dnlaim again ft me and my 
writings (of which he mppf-mrodto imonm 
Botbing moi% than the extra6ls with 
which he had been furniihed for the 
purpofe of his abufc% without any re- 



fikjes'f but I believe that very little was 
allowed for my books bccaule many of 
them were deftroyed in another hun- 
drtd, whither they had been conveyifS 
by my friends, though the deftruAion 
began at my own houfe ; and they (}id 
not fay what claim I had on the other 
hundred, /a gouersl I thought the 
•udge impartial in fumming up the evi* 
dence ) but in fiwse r^tQs^ confidiring 
tbt manifiji dsj^ofiiion 0/ tbe >ry, it 



ftraint, though there was nothing pro- tndid togrvo too sssucb cokssr to tbiir iss^ 
perly before the court but the cAimate ji^ico* The catalogue of my library 

being deftroyed, together with the li- 



* See a defcription of this 



mg and Stukes's Botanical 
vol. III. p. 2x7. 



f The foreman is called an Ugb-clurch' 
mmrtg p. 88, wliich fwms quite enough re- 
proach with foHM folkf. 

ii£Kr. ^i AO, fgbruaiji 1793. 



lis pbnt in Wither- ^.^^'f "^**^» ' ^°"*'* only make out « 
ical Arrangement, ^^^^^ ^^^ books that were waiting from 

my own recollection of them, my 
friends not being able to atteft their 
knowledge of more than a few of them, 
fuch as they had occaficnaily feen or 

boi* 



1 38 A Warwlctftxi re F/ uholdtr on Dr. Priefftcy's JppeaL [Feb. 

borrowed, thoutrh the number of the money is often given when the damage 

books loft wa( fufficient^y afcert^ined. is by no means of a pecuniary naturCt 

* This eiiumcniiion^' {M the judge* and tbfrt cm9 be mo rtafon mfhy this 

'coming ^rnnr, *.\it piaintifF hirnfelf, and Jbonld n9t bavi bittg dont in mv emfe. 

nrt rr: \c.} h. ^tny witncfs, 1 was bound When we were at Warwick, and fpund 



to f« :-.-r,i evifleiicc of thdt kind, and 
couM not (uffer it to be reciived.* Mr, 
F^ivne, mv wimefs, \\nt\ fer n v^lue 0:1 
440 other vo:urrcs whicii *vcre pr<»wtil 



tut bad to tmcounttr tbe mojl diterminid 
opfo/iii^K of tiitr tnemiiS, u-ho came pre- 
paid to litii?a:e tvery article, and !h!4t 
the law itfcif, riqearoyflf imttrprtttd as 



to be mi (Tip K (ih«-.i:gh 1 ««/./»ff/ «v/«// it *ui:^u!d 6f, was not calculated to rit- 



drcfs our wron^rs, we all reduced our 
claims much btilow our firft clliniiJe," 
p. 90. 

** Oi) t!ie whole it is evident thar, ^y 
*wk^ttvfr rule tbe jury ^t Warwi. k 
<ujfMt, ihcv allowed me lirtlc nr nothing 
for mv books, philofophical mftrumcnts, 
or MSS, 3« the (urn that was awarded 
aJdingi howercr, that, as the plamtitf rne would do little more thqn re-furniOi 



prrttnd to recoilt^ njuhat thfy ^werc) by 
fuff^finz them to be of ih** famfv-iluf^ 
OKt ivith OKstbfr, ivitb books of /^v umi 
fiT.9 in tjLbat ftmaiHed of tbi lifuptv. 
This, the iuJpc faid, was no m tain re «if 
v.)iue ar all, a6 it w.is ink{':''^ihie l'> to 
eft im are book$» and thciehiie he fitund 
bimfrlf bound \o vv'y.tX that evidence; 



could n<*it have been ftippofcd to have 
aolltfled trafti. ihty m:jL;ht, if itry 
th^uj^bt p*of*erj mtke lijine addition tt» 
tin: fum upon the ground nf danugi-' to 
the library. Bur, difpcjid as thry 'ur^f, 
tiiey wtre y«>v to allow m.th.i'.'.j on ihnt 
ttccounr. 1 h;ivr htraid of a jtidei- Jc- 
cidmk! very diflVitnilv in a ca!c not 
much unlike this of mine. A bf.v hjd 
been robbed oi a ieai whicii iidd con- 
t lined Tm^e precious flouc. of the na- 
tuie and value of which the buy himfc'f 
was wholly ienorant, bcinp only ah!e to 
pio«^.acr ilie focket in which it had been 
lit. The juilg^, however, obfcrved, 
ili-it tUi caTc tiinuld be: in'eipretcd in 
i7ii !^ K Ti 11 fra n Juf^ris i a ti d he d i r u '"-i «; d 
t\\M the b,n' ihojid receive the value I'f 
ih£ fine it diiinonil th'^t would till th.-t 
fjtkci, bccauic ths fiuMu f:i.\bi \\6\z 
bts;i I'l ili'i v.iiue. Mr. Hiidiniic ^llo 
(whole v!iii:int dccUivnijon, the jtidge 
J:iiultlj onfwivL.I, nns'jr, ior any thing 
t'ljic apprnrd m crurt, bz mere cilum* 
}u ) lii'M'.id ntic have bucn futfercd to 
^locced a> he did, tioce it could only 
ti'.d t'j piLju.'.ce the mini!^ of the jury 
■ai, f.u; i:it, md •r,.j|l-)u!i, ih'.m 10 do 
Jul Cv;," p. 0;— 96. 

** In riii^ I riimiite nothing was char- 
grd :C-. r»i\ MSS more than the money 
rnat wi jii.1 h.^ve been given fur them 



the houfe as it was before. They re- 
fufed to f-y uh.u ihev allowed for the 
i'eparate articles of my lofs, except on 
account of the bcuji, which I was un4!er 
obligation to rc*build. For this, uhicb 
i»as not mine, it was thought that ihe 
a-lowance w.2s ample enough, being 
957I. iS^.'* p 97. 

The LHimaic given in of the Dolor's 
Kifs w.is, 

Books - • 

Philolbphical apparatus 

MSS 

HouHiold, including 
Ihclvcs, ^c. 

Tofil - . ^.2686 I J 6 

. *' B>jc this was far from being the 
whcj'e of mv lofs, or of /^f indimatfiai^ 
t^^fi that J teas emit /td to receive on ibg 
idea of hilnff replaced as I bad beew ^- 
jare on tbe fame fpot { which in equity 
ought to be the rviie of proceeding in 
the rafc. Nothing was charged for the 
earriage or package of fuch things as 
could only have been procured from 
London or other diD.^ct places, which, 
in my cafr, could n(»c have been tcfs 
than 4c I. Ninhing for damage to books, 
HCft malerialiy mutiiatedoT injured, which 
will make the book» that were prtferved 



£' 


i. 


d. 


43* 


"5 


6 


605 


«7 





370 


"5 





1277 


6 






(about sooo) of lei's value, if ever they 
bv a b{"jk>(.ilt:r after mv death. M/ .iliould be fold, by, I Hiould fuppofe, 
icr^lo^^, Un- inilar.ce, wt^re only citar- 50!. Nothing was charged for the re- 
^ed IialF a c'jmca apiece, tbonj^b the cuvcry of goods difpcrfcd by the rioters, 
J.fmos of a a Jinx preait\'r out>bt^ iu wiiich, to my ftlf or friends, could not, 
/uM/o, t7 hi charged mueb hrgber"*. For I think, have been Icfs than 40I. No- 



1 woild ob2i:;ve on this occafion, 
tbit, tucauCe the \h\.v can give no re- 
compence iorany injuiies be lid c s ma^/jr. 



* Nfaiv/ a living preacher hardly receives 
fo much for deliver 103 a fermun. 



thii^v; was charged for pamphltts, 
which, I think, mud have been worth 
so'. While I was at W'tirwiik, I re- 
colIeAsd articles in my laboratory, nut 
mentioned in the inventory, wortK 
about 2^1. New that I aoi rcfuming 

my 



J 793'] ^ Waxwicklhire Freeholder on Dr. Prieflky's jfppcaL i -q 



my experiipents, I recolleft manyotlierS 
as I hnd the want of them, and I ex* 
pe^ CO do fo for feme time ro come *. 
The amount of tbcfe I fhould conjec- 
ture Co be about 20I. more. Tiic lonfe 
of my boufe, which hitd rifcn miTcl) in 
value Sifter I took it, was worth at tic 
leaft lool. . If to this be mlded the ex- 
pence attending my flight from Bir- 
mingham, my removal to Londun uith 
my family, and the ciniage of the 
goods I rccoveicdf which would necef- 
iarily attend my fcitlemcnt in a pl^ce fo 
diOant as'London,. which can hardly be 
cliin?.ated at le('» thin lool. ; the amount 
of the aiticlcs not char^'.-d in my efli* 
mare will be 389I., and will make my 
Vfhoite lofs to be 3066!. 13s. 6d." p. S9. 

Now, Mr. Urban, put the cafe that the 
damage had been accidental, and the pro- 
perty infured at a firc-ofHcc; would everj^ 
demand have been accepted without exd- 
mioation, and, in cal'e of doubt, an 
oath ? But it fceins cxpef>cd that, in 
fuch as the preftnt, Govemmcnt is to 
pay the utmufi fartbiagi and this, from 
a (urmife, almoft made to amount to a 
prcfumpiion, that the rioters were fet on. 

This ferics of complaints concludes : 
'* This detail I thought it neceiTary to 
go into in order to explain the confe. 



bctn allowed in their full oxtcnr, avi? nj 
oi-'poirJi^n had been n»:ide to t!;cm.*' 

The piir ges in lai.cks will fM-v»c 
for themfclves without .-.;^y c:n.n:-. :: 
f"*m yrur cor.ftaM ic'4u:i ; b-ji wIj.p 
Dr. P. derates he ihin!;* it the »j»-.-«.v;7 
b^itourio have been cte6^cd a member 
ot the pnfeAt Na:m9.rJ Com^cnt'-cn (p. 
iir. nute), do hii principles and ooini- 
ens, or tlicir masifc-^ tendency, iViiid 
in net'] o\ any heii'.h:;.oing by 
A WAxwic'KSKiRE Freeholder. 



Mr. Urban, 



Fib, 



12. 



WHEN the unforriinarc L.*uii re- 
proached him (elf with finning 
the decree againil the cooftitutional 
pricfts, does it not remind you of the rc« 
morfe that Charles 1. felt for fij^ning 
the lestcnce againil StaftWd ) But cnn 
you find any conformity between thft 
judges or the funic nee of the two king<; ? 
Say. if you pteaf'e, that the King of 
France deceived the niiion by folcmu 
engagements whirh he never meant to 
keep, but took every f»ppouuniiy ro 
break, and thm thtKin^of Kngi.ind ni.iiic 
pron^ifes which he never obforit-d : 
tay the conduct of both to the weaknefs 



of human n.iture, and the hope of rman. 

cipating themfclves from forced oblig^- 
quencci of the riot, and the date of our, tioos, and put both monarchs in the 
laws, ^nd of the aSuai admiaifiratioH oi Iicuation of a man making a promKc 



tbea Iff mj cm/e, that thofc who think 
it a proper object may provide a more 
^eQu^l remedy for a fimilar evil in fu- 
ture time.-— The law, as nQ^»» adminif^ 
ieridf may do very well for Cburcbmen % 
but I have found by experience that it 
is not calculated to prote^ Dtlfcntcrs as 
fucb, or to procure a redrefs of the 
wrongs done to tbem,** pp. 97, 98. Is 
the Do£tor, then, furc that no Diffitt- 
itrt were included in the redrefs \\t\ ihc 
riots in 17S0, which he extols as 'io 
much, more equitably proportioned than 
that for the Birmingham riots ? 

'* A committee was appointed by the 
hundred in which the riots took place, 
lor the purpofe of defending thcmf«.lvcs 
aj^alnft our claims; and they executed 
their truCi fo cticflually, that they even 
put the hundred to confiderable ex- 
pence to do it. It is even fuppofed that, 
notwithdanding their fucccis in this 
meafure^ by which they reduced our 
claims to between onc-fdurth and one- 
thiid, the hundred WiU have li:tle ir »t 



a'i icfft to pay than if our claiirs h. d 



or a vow to a highwayman; flili will 
yftu not 6nd it a hard matter to juflify 
the cruel infulting treatment of the King 
during his imprifonmenr, the equity of 
his tiul, or the policy of his execution. 
Can it be paralleled by any behaviour 
of the Englilh faAion, \ot it was only a 
f&£liuD who pall fcnience on Chailcs, 
who, perhaps, fufTereil more lor con- 
tempt of the court iliin for ticaf'ii 
again fl the nition, uhiic Louis, who ac- 
knowledged the authority of hi^ judges, 
and made a manly defence, and wau 
even allowed counliel, fell a facrifice to 
a faflion, who awed his judges to pjfs 
llntcnceon htm. The judges of Charles 
Icii by ihehandof ti^e executioner after 
a legal trial r.t the Rcitoraiion ; while 
thole of Louist arc (alilnj; gradually by 
the fwoid ot avenguig f.wyaiifts, who 
have no other relourtc. U chappy Fiance 
rams only ja CkoHVv LLL to pur an tr.d 
to her diiixaclion*. Winlc cviry ijj.iji 
icis up for leader, it is as iin^v-lliMc go- 
vernment Hiciuid t;u rn, as it would r^e 
ir the crew v.cic \\j\k i.\i i!,e iudJi.i v^t 



* C« uli' tl^c'e Invr ^-t n i.i ltC' .1 i 
e f^ • n:ate t tft?; c : 1 c y v. cr-r .-. c ■. • iX c ; U <* ; 



- ir;*: b*:;* vtli-.i -i a l^' ;j^'-r«>us Itoim, 
aiiU, hivi"i; h^vc \.\\^. ll crs m sn cvcr- 
W'5.k.J, itki. 11.^1 tj feu.wt ihe VLfitl Lf 



I40 Tbcugks on the di/braSlid Siati of France. [Feb* 

turns, or, in the difpute for the rudder, gnicioui forbearance of leaving giddf 

bresk and dcftroy their only chance of mortals to try their own esperinicDCs, 

riding through the ftorm, or reaching that, while they think themfetves wife, 

the port. What times of civil confu- they may be found fools. A fenfe of 

fion in this miferable kingdom can one fucfi a forbearance or dirc£iion of hei« 

compare with thele ? In all her civil ren appeared to influence all former 

wars, in all her leagues, flie had leaders convuinons in the kingdoms of the 

,**... . .. howeter 

the hap« 

>e looked 

\vas re-cllabliflied. But in the confli6ls for from barefaced impiety and avowed 



wars, m all her leagues, me naaieaciers convulhons m the kmgdoms i 

cm both fidcF, who picvailed in their earth. Relieion and morality, h< 

tarns, liil th*: lawful authority, by pro- abufcd, produced in the end th 

per fuppoit of the friends to M9harchy picft effi&. But what is to be 



of Republicans with one another, what 
does the mod impartial hiftory tell us, 
1)Lit that, tired of cutting one anoihcr's 
throats, they funk at laft under the hand 
of a maftcr, either from among them- 



athcifm, which, from the facrifice of 
his minifters, dares, if one may ufe the 
bold and aim oft profane ezprcffion, to 
offer God himfcif on the altar of li^ 
berty, bur fcenes too fliocking to anti- 



ielves or fcrangers ? Docs the hiftnry cipate^ven in idea. Whether Europe 

of Greece or Fvome contr^difl this alVcr- fit dill and leave the French to 611 up 

lion, ihofc greqteft and lon^;crt-lived their meafure by cutting one another's 

Republics in the known world. If throats, which, if Europe could bear 

wt, confult our own hiftory where tli is to remain a calm fpe^atoroF outrages ib 

lylicm of government maintained Itfclf provoking to humanity^ might, perhaps, 

for a very Ihort period, on the ruins of be the heft policy, or, combining alL 

long-cftanlilhcdaiflrcrcnt fyfiem, is there her force, makes all her efforts to cru(h 

anything in our contefts that Ihould themonfter, or confine her to her hor* 

make ourfelves, or any part of Europe, rid den, fuppoling Ihe were not driven 

renew the example } Can this be the to the mod ratal and deftruAive defpc* 

cafe with us, who have always (trove to ration, muft be left to the great Difpofer 



keep the balance between the King and 
the people e<|ual, whether in the barons 
wars, or thole between the rival houfes, 
or in the contefts of the laft century, 
frefh in our memory \ or could it be 
fuppofcd of France, enamoured of (no- 
narchy to a proverb, and every other 
nation who have a king, not except Hol- 
land, whofc Conftitution, limited and 
formal as it is, requires a Sudtholder? 

Shall we afcribe thit awful event to 
the total decline of principle, both in 
prince and people, a decline rapid be- 
vund parallel ? for it muft be dattd 
only fince the death of Louis XLV. the 
Auguftan age of France for every im- 
provement of genius, fcience, arts, man- 
ners, political and commercial flrcngth, 
extent of conqucft and legiflation. The 
utmoft point was obtained, the fummit 
was afccaded : Alas, how fudden the 
fall ! Luxury and dilFipation enervated 
the whole fyftem ; intiiiiuc, chicjnf, 
oppreirion concurred, and i: religion and 
impiety crowned the whole. 

It will fpeedily (more fpccdily, per- 
haps, than the unthinking muliitude, 
or the unrcafoning fpcculati.t, urea ware) 
be fecn how long <uch a fyftem, if the 
incoherent mafs can be called a I'yllem, 
can maintain its ground. 1 tby not 
Ihrtll htfufftrtd lo maintain its ground, 
buch pcrunliion applied to licentious in- 
llitutions IS too bold a term ; «nd the 
Diviitc Providence permits unly by the 



of events. In the tatter cafe, how can 
one look far for an application of thefe 
prophetic words addrefied to ungrateful 
Ifrael. <* But ye gave the Naaaiiteswine 
to drink i and commanded theprophets^ 
faying, Prophefy not. Behold7«at/r«|Sr^ 
undfTfUt mt M €mrt is prefftd fhmi U full 
•J /ktavis. Therefore the flight fliali 
perilh from the fwift, and the ftrong 
ihall not ftrengthen his force, neither 
(hall the mighty deliver himfeJf : nei- 
ther (hall he ftand that handleth the 
bow i and he that is fwift sf foot (hall 
not deliver himfcif, neither he that ri- 
deth the horfe deliver himfelf. And he 
that is courajgeous among the mishty 
ftiall flee away naked in that day, Uith 
the Lord.'' Amos, ii. 12— 1 6. 

Mr. Urban, Jan. 13. 

I CONFESS myfelf for the firft time 
informed by Mr. Mofeley, that the 
ftorv of William TelTs archery is ^9t» 
tMid fuhul§u5. But, as he has produced 
one exactly limilar, of older date, there 
is very great probability that the one 
rofe out of the other, i Ihould be glad 
to fee Bonfrere's authority for his ftorj. 
Mczzabarba dcfcribes the hgure at 
the foot of the trophy on the reverfe of 
the coins of Conftantine the Great 
which have gavdivm romanorvm, 
and FRANCIA, or FRAN, as a woman 
weeping, leaning on her right arm. 
I'hc fame 6gurc is feuud on the coins 

with 



1793-1 Maurice, Bljhop tf Oflbry. — ZWCamclford. 141 

a cnntinuaricnof the ferici in Beatfon'i 
folitictl Index. Bp. Miuiice was pro- 
moted to the fee of Oflbry ia 1754, and 
died in 1756. 

The late Lord C^metFord married in 
1771, and nor, as your Obituary (94), 
1774. He was appnioted one of the 
Lords of ihc Admunfry 1763 ; advan- 
ced to the peerage 1783. If is mother 
was fifter tf* tlie late George Lord Lyt- 
telton, Charles bte Bi(hop of Carlifle, 
and Sir Thomas Lyttelton, our en vuy to 
the Court of Portugal, whither he was 
accompanitd hy his nephew, whofe 
obfervations on his tour in Spain and 
Portugal, particularly on the monu- 
ments of Gothic and Moicfque archi. 
ttfluie would be a very acceptable prc- 
fcnt to the publick. Carlifle cathedral 
ihews maiks of Iiis taHc in the wainfctu- 
tingof the flail dcfi^ned by him. The 
prefcnt L«rd CaniCifdid was on board 
the Gorgon at ihc time of her fliip« 
wreck, and is ftill in the navy. 

Yours, &c. D. H. 



with the dme legend, and aleman- 
KIA. She fupporti her head with her 
pight hand, ino extends her left, poin- 
ting to the bottom of the trophy behind 
her, which, in the 6rA inflance, Iccmt 
to end in' a tri/npulat fwnU in the fe. 
cond, in a broader bafe, like a club. 
The firft may have deceived Mr. Cam- 
den (/{«««•/ M Britmm) if he took it 
from any nprifeiimhrn of the coin, and 
not from the coin itfclf. 

By meant of the Index to your laft 
volume, Tour correfpondent L. E. p. 
B 195, will be enabled to extricate him- 
felf from bis difficulty, and know that 
the Bifliop of Oflbry alluded to was Dr.. 
£dward Maurice; that hit tranflation 
of Homer was firft mentioned in ^our 
vol. LXIL 1&2, by A bvuer %f Juti^ni' 
ties t funber treated of by Aeadcmttutt 
307 s and ftill further by G. M. 6oi, 
A ferict of prelates of th^t fee to Up. 
Kfle induiiTe, 1735, ^^y ^^ found in 
Mr. Harris's edition of Sir James 
Ware's Hiftory of Ireland, 1764; and 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 179a. (CMutimuid from p. ifi.) 

H. or LOR 1> 8/ eloriout and fuccefsful manner in which 

DiCiw^er 17. i he concluded the war." 

LORD L$t^khcr§tigb called the atten* Lord GnwuiUi feconded the motion, 
tioB of uie Houfe to a cirumfiance and it palfed unaniinoufly. 
which had efcaped their notice previous ' The thanks of the Houfe were alfo 
to the prorogation of the laft feflion of' voted to Generals Medows and Aber- 
parltamcnt. Id the year 1738, a tem- crombie, and to all the officers and men 
porary ad palfed the Legiflatufe, en- un^ler their command. 
titling perfbns charged in execution in Lord Rrnnjodon could not fufftr tlie 
a fum lefs than 200 1, to their enlarge- vote relative to the Noble Marquis to 
meat, upoiv making a 5#ir^ /Cc/r furrcn- paTs without declaring hit moil heaiiy 
der of their e^eAs for the benefit of ' concurrence; and, chiefty, btcaufe he 
their creditors. This a£l, after under- had the honour to ferve under him in 



goiDg various revifals and modifications, 
extended the fum to tool. The time 
of its duration expired laft feflion ; and 
the Legiflature, irom the contemplation 
of a bill upon a larger fcale, had omit- 
ted to revive this ^ (o that many debtors 
uere precluded the benefit of this falu- 
rary a6l, after having been at the ex- 
peace of petitioning. The Noble Lord 
produced a bill extending the fum to 
300 1. ; which he conceived would nttct 
the approbation of the Houfe, as that 
addition was prbpoitionate to the in- 
creafed extent of credit. 

Read the frrft time. 

Lord Cmrhjlf, after paying a grea 
compliment co Lord Cornwallik, movtd 
•• 1 nat the thanks of the Hr>ult be pit- 
fcnted 10 Marquis Corn uai lis, foi U 
cm mens lervict-^ in iaUia, and for ih 



America, and had been an eye-witncfs 
to his gallantry when the tide of fortune 
was adverCe. 
The votes paffed mmitii dijtntiente. 

In the Commons, the fame day, Mr. 
Grey adverted to an infinuation he ha'l 
lately thrown out again ft the f'ervaius 
of the Crown, for want of a£iivitv in 
taking care that ct^ual protection fhould 
be afforded to all ci:- lies of his M^jtlty's 
i'ubje^li; and, on a fuller enquiiy, he 
was ready to go faither, and cht*rgc 
them with a criminal iriatter.iion. 
They had abufed the a£t of pailianfiLiit, 
and deceived the pubiick, in making 
ulc of the w<»rd iuf'irritiioni for rlic pm - 
-)o!c of callinj; out 'he militia, ar.d con- 
vrn*rg li'ic p^rli.intni ; uhtic;)s li.e 
:cii utt:gn iva^ tu inTth ihtr iirpu<fc ot 



142 Parlhmtntary Proceidings of Lords and Cmmonsfor 1795. 



the national loyalty, to draw the Houfe 
into raeafures which, upon fomc cool 
reflexion, they would have reafon to 
repent of. Among other riots that had 
happened, he adverted to one that had 
occurred at Manchcrtcr, which was 
caufed hy a new Airoci«tion for prcfcr- 
ving property, &c. againft Republicans 
and Leveilers. In the ch:iir of that 
meeting was a member of rhat Houfe, 
Mr, Pet Ic, re pre ft nt alive for Tarn worth, 
whom he wai then glad to fee in his 
place. He then icad a paragraph from 
an evening paper, defcribing this meet* 
jng, and giving an account of Mr. 
Pcelc's fpeech, in which he obferves, 
that it was time for good citizens to 
roufe themfclvc*:, as a number of per* 
fons, enemies to all order, and foes to 
the Conflitution, had aiTociated under 
the name of Reformers, &c. &c. He 
requeftcd that Mr. Pecle would be good 
enough to declare, whether he ufed 
this incendiary language; and, if he 
did, CO name the peifons whom he ac- 
cufed of fuch difpofitions. In the even- 
. ing after thiw fpccch, the ricts commen- 
ced, and the houfes of Mr. Cooper and 
Mr. Walker were de(lio\ cd. He then 
mentioned the little pamphlet, iflued 
by the Society at tbe Crown and An- 
chor, called, "A Penny wonh of Truth 
from Thomas Bali lo John Bull," and 
read a paflage from it, which afcribed 
the American war, the national debt, 
&c. to the DifTenters, in order to in- 



Mr. Fqx verv eagerly urged the pro- 
pi iery of Mr. Grey's mofion. The 
principles which a6^uated fome of the 
aflbciations were not, in his opinion, 
very laudable. They circulated papers 
among the inhabitants, which they de- 
fired to have figncd, ns teftimnnies of 
their loyalty to the Kmg, and attach- 
ment to the Conftitution. Some of his 
tradefmen and others applied to him to 
know what they iliould do. He advifed 
chem by all means to fign every paper 
pre fen ted, becaufe, if they re f ufed, they 
would be pointed out to tnc populace ns 
obje£(s of refentmenr, and mi^ht be 
ruined in their vocations. This he 
thought thev might do without any al- 
teration of their real fentiments.' Their 
perfonal lafety demanded it. He con* 
demned afTociations by which all men 
who differed from them were expofed to 
the grcateft calumny anil danger. 

Mr. 99ymdbam fa id, the Houfe had 
dire£)ed no profecutions on cither fide, 
and therefore could not be charged with 
partiality. The law was equally open 
in all cafes. The indignation excited 
again (I Mr. Walker %v.is much more 
fairly imputable to his political opinions 
than to his being a DifTenter. Ic was 
natural, and even juflifiablCy for men 
to feci indignation againft ihofe who 
promulgated doArines threatening all 
that was valuable and dear in focitty ; 
and, if there were not means of redrefs 
by law, even violence would be Juflih* 



flame the minds of the people againd able. Bat we had laws ; therefoie vio 



them. He moved, that ;he Attorney 
general be ordered to prolccutc the au- 
thor of this libel. 

Mr. Peeli did not think an anony- 
mous news-paper paragrjpli fufficient 
auihoii:y for accufmga member of p:ir- 
Jiament} but, as it had been mentioned, 
he ailuiei! the Hourc ihM not one woid 
of the paragraph w.)s true, except that 
in his I'pcech he faid *' God favc the 
King." He added, that Tom Paiae's 
iind other feditious woiks, wcic put 
i/'.to the h:mds of all the people, bjt 
without n talking any im pic If: on on ihen!. 

The At tur.cj -general, hiwiug no- 
thing to do on luch occafiun^ but to 
obty ihc oidcrs of the Houfu when he 
Ktceivcd ihcm, wiflicd barely to Tut;-', ft 
th.it, when gentlemen moved forprole- 
ciiit.tns iox libel >, they would give fuf- 
ficient noiice, ih-^C meniuer^i mi^ht con- 
lidcr of them, as nothiPi; leiler.ed the 
1: lenity of tiic H-)*jlc of Comir.or.a lo 
t::<i(h Jl \,idcrin|( pi«)kcUii.jOj^ dnJ Ic- 
j:i^ iititirwardb dc'f*dUd» 



Jence ought to be puniflicd ^ and on 
this ground he defended' the alTocia- 
tions, as tending to prevent violence by 
giving vigour to the law. 

Mr. Dundas cxprclTed his regret that 
Mr. P'nx had not given a mure honeft 
advice to ihuf'c who confulttd with him. 
I'or his iccommcndation infmuaied 
Orongly an opinion tJtat danger was tJ 
be apprehended from the friends of 
Covbicmenr, and may induce men of 
ail priiui. •!(.!>, ti;.:ii.i . <<<» \\<i\\ as others, 
to MiKi.;:-j IP,'. i:i!(,ivcs with ptrloui 
\v!i.:!c \!ti's iiid titligns were the pn- 
fcivaiiou of p^i'tpcity, tranquillity, and 
Older. 

Mr. Scijcant Uond^ MtflTrs. Sc9tt^ 
Ai't«;tf.jB/, Mi/J'»ra, EJfi, Drakg, Duk- 
dasy and Anjiruthtr^ fevcrally fpoke^ 
when the moiiun was negattvea without 
a divil'ion. 



H. OF LORDS. 



Lord Cr€n\i: t 



1 •■ .•^... 



ia 3 bill ft"'r 
iii futiii^ 



Parl-amgntary Proceidlngi of L^rds and Commons for 1793. 

1^ ceitain re"*i£lions on aliens the Lords aft bill; when it wa 



3g ceitain re"*i£lions on aliens 
f .n th s kiogdom. His Lord- 
L:e'' hat the vaft ioflux of fo- 
rt iof.! this country, in conftf- 
: of th* ^'Orafl- /ns on theConti- 
h^d f^^<-ired do fmall alarm in his 
y% ? iHer>, wh ) had rcafon to 
end .■!;.: am^Ri; thr:a were p*-r- 
ilafi'eftcd *n tht Gavernmcnt of 
>uncrv For the prefervaiion, 
>rc« of pull ic traoquilhty, it had 
hoQght expedient to make this 
on bv means of an A£l- Al- 
I he ciioceivcd that his MajcRy, 
:uc of hik prerotrative, might coin- 
,is end ; yet, as that extcniiv)ii of 
had not been cxeited for a luiii; 
of years, it was almoft obliilcte, 
quired a revifal. Read the fiid 



;he Commons, the fame day, the 
r informed tJic Houfc th it, from 
immuoication with gentlemen in 

the carlieft hour for the com- 
ment of public bufinel's would be 
I'clock i that between ihree and 
ime the prirate bu/inefs might be 
3ed ; that he himfelf would in 

cake the chair at two, half pad 
H three o'clock^ according to the 
icv of ^flFairs ; and that he hoped 
lamation would be attended to by 
: members* 

e CbaMCilUr of tbi Excbequir^ who 
efterday taken his feat for the 
rfity of Cam bridge, pledged him- 

abjde by the regulation now prc- 
i; afTirming, that all perfonal con- 
ICC (hould be relinquiflied for the 

intereft, and that he would con- 
r endeavour to be punctual. 
. Dundas^ after a fliort I'peech, in 
he enumerated the important 
es which the Marquis Cornwaiiis 
endered to his country in India, 
I the thanks of the Houfc to that 
nan. 

e Cbancfllor $f tbi Excbtquer fe* 
d the motion. 

ay members united in paving very 
iMBecomplimenis to his I.nrd(hip; 
le Speaker was defned to tranl'niit 
me to his Lordihip. 
e thanks of the Houfe were alio 

to Generals Medows, Aber- 
lie, and the fubalterns and dX^ 

aft well BfiriOi as native. 



H. OK L o a D s. 
D.-^r/m^^r 20. 
r Houfc ivcac Into a Commiitce on 



143 

the Lords aft bill ; when it was read, 
and afterwards reported. 

In the Commons, the fame day, Mr. 
liobart brought up the report from the 
Committee of Supply for 25,000 Tea* 
men, including 5,030 marinc9, fur the 
fervice of the year 1793. 

Mr. Sbif it/an hoped it would not be 
fiippofed that he had any intention 
whatever of oppofing this report. There 
uas nothing, in hi* opinion, more de- 
firablc than peace ; but, if we muft have 
w.ir, he wiflied all Europe to under- 
(land and feel that Great Britain was to 
B^ht with no feeble arm. In the pre« 
fent criHs he could not approve of half- 
mcafures, or half-exertions; and vet 
he could not give up the opinioni tnat 
the calamities of war may yet be aver- 
ted by negociacion, if the honour of 
our country could admit of our negoci- 
ating. There was no ipan of feelins; or 
humanity who mud not be ihocked at 
the melancholy event which was ex« 
pefted foon to difgrace France, 2nd to 
which ail Europe looked %vieh an ho- 
nourable anxiety. Whatever may be 
the violence into which the French 
were impelled by the new-born impulfe 
of frttdam, great as may be their ez- 
celTcs, he had hopes that there ftil! re« 
mained amongft them principles of ju/- 
iice, mercy, and mi^tumimity, which 
would ic^ft the opinions ofthis gre^t 
and free nation, whenever thofe opini- 
ons may be unanimoufly exprcfled. 

Mr. Burki obl'erved, that juftice, 
mercy, and magnanimity, were quali- 
ties which, whoever looked for them 
in the prefcnt rulers of France, muft 
cettainl^ look for them in vain; and 
which no pcrfon could with reafon ex- 
pedl, who paid any attention to the 
courfc of their proceedings. Withie- 
fpcQ. to the vote, he cpuld like it better 
if it were for 40,000 men, which, he 
believed, was the number raifcd at the 
time of the difputes about Falkland 
Iflands i an objea of very little magni- 
tude when compared to the prefcnt 
quarrel. 

Mr. Fox agreed with Mr. Burke in 
his readinefs to vote for 49,0001 but he 
would make no motion for the augmen- 
tation, as his Majcfty's Miniders muft 
be the bed judges of the number re- 
quired; and, as the vote of this daj 
did not preclude them from increafi^ng 
the number whenever xltcv^i^V^t ^^^m^^ 
expedient. Recurring xo t\\t TEvtX^ti- 
choiy catadioptie «r\i\c\i Ic^tictxVT^^- 



1 44 Parliamtntary Prwiidlngi of Lords and Commons for 1 795. 



cned to difpUyy there w;is no unpreju- 
xliccd man who could poffibly behold it 
without indignation and horror. He 
wiflicd hit fenttments not to be miOa- 
ken when he pronounced, that the pro- 
ceedtngs againft the royal family of 
France were founded in iojuftice, hor- 
ror, and puBtlanimity. This he be- 
lieved to be the univerfal and unani- 
mous opinion of all people in England ; 
andy if the knowledge of that opinion 
was likely to make any intprefTion in 
France, he (hould be happy to concur 
in any means by which it could be pro- 
mulgated. 

The CbaMCilhr of tbi Exchequer faid, 
that, white he was in the fituation of 
one of their conftituents, without any 
fett in the Houfe, he was informed of 
proceedings, which, had he been a 
member, he would have (trenuoufly op- 
fiofed by every tffott in his power. The 
one was an amendment propofed to the 
AddreM, and the other a motion for 
fending an nmbalTador to France. No 
means had been, or would be, negle£^ed 
by hts Majefty's Miniflers to terminate 
. the differences with France in a pacific 
manlier; but he could not hear, without 
indignatior, of a prbpofition fo extrava- 
gant, fo humiliating, and fo bafe, as our 
fending them an AmbMifador. 

The number of men (tated in the pre- 
fcnt vote was fuch at was deemed fuin- 
cient at th« prefent moment, and fuch 
•s it was mod convenient imdicdia:cly 
to raife ; but, flioutd hoRiliiies take 
pUce, a number would be required in 
addition to thefr, which may, he trultcd, 
render the Dr:tilh arms fuccef^ful. He 
then iimply propoled <' that an humble 
Addfefs be prefcnted to his M:ijcfly, 
mod humbly befcechini; jins M.ijciiy to 
order a copy or exirart of the initruc- 
tions, tranfmiitcd to L>'>id Gcwcr onh:s 
leaving P.iris, lo be prefcnted to the 
Houfe." The motion was carried, 
and fuch mimbers as are of his Ma- 
jei^y'b Privy Council were ordered to 
picfeni the fame. 

H. OF LORDS. 

December 21. 

The Houfe met at four a clock, pur- 
^.'int to iummons. 

T.ord RoJney and the Bilhop of Exfter 
to>>k the arcullomed oaths at the tabic, 
andthcii feats a'coidmgly. 

X^wACre^ville^ without any preface, 
moved the fccoud r<^ding of ihc ai«en- 
hiil. • 



The Marquis of Lamfdonvne apolo* 
gized to the Houfe for offering a few 
obfervatioQs which bad occurred to bira 
previous to the fecond reading of this 
unprecedented bill, which was not mors 
reprehenfible in principle than the pre- 
cipitancy with which Minit)ers attempt- 
ed to hiiiry it through the Houfe; but 
confeiled that the influx of foreigners 
into this kingdom, in confequence of 
the diftra£lious upon the Continent, 
called loudly for the interference of 
Parliament, in making fome ialutary 
provifions for thofe who had found an 
afylum amongft us, and depended only 
upon the charitable donations of a ge- 
nerous public. When h= went for the 
purpofc of fuhfcribing his mite, he was 
aftonilbed to find no lef& than 8000 upon 
the lid. The bankers had informed him, 
that it required 1000 1. a week tojfurniih 
each with his pittance. The provifiiMi 
held out by the bill to thofe linrortunate 
perfons was by Ao means congenial to 
his lordfhip'sjentiflients, inafmoch as ic 
impofed refiriflions which were incom* 
patibic with the general principles of our 
Conflitutioo. He wns exceedingly forty 
to 6nd fuch a reludance in the majority 
of both Houfes of Parliamens to appoint 
a Mini tier to negotiate with the prefent 
Executive CounciLof the French Nation; 
for by fuch an embalTy alone could a 
good underfianding be effected between 
the two nations. An.embady to France 
nii^hc alfo produce an alliance between 
the Belligerent powers upon the Conti- 
nent, and flop the efi'uiioo of bio-d. ^ 
Another object luiijht be accompliihed 
Viy negetiation, which, to every man of 
felling, would not be theJead important? 
an unhappy monarch was in a ftate of 
great humiliation and danger— a mo- 
narch, who had uniformly ftudied the 
interell of hi;* pco^^le, and might juAIr 
he called x\\c-R^&rtT of Liberty to France, 
wns degraded beneath the dijenity of man. 
By thi> lime, perhaps, his fate was detcr- 
nnned ; yet atimeiy interference on our 
part might avert the execution of the 
fent'ence. The noble Marquis flated, 
that he had two Re(olutiont to make to * 
the above cffc^, which, he trufted, 
would meet with the concurrence of the 
Houfe. If they did not, he would dif<- 
charge his duty by introducing them 1 
and, if they were negatived, he could 
-only thank God that the odium did not 
reft at his door.— T^^r Re/Gluttons sf tbi 
nobii Marquis fhcil be give u m our next. 



lygj,] Review of New Publications. 14^ 

14. j4m Apftml /• thf VuhUck en the SuhjeB of and well-itican'ng man ; tlu>ugh I never 

rAr Ri9t* in Krmingliani. To tfbirh i% thou(;ht him the mud prudent. // it /q tU 

A^detit ^'4 Letter ftwn W. Ruff el, Ff*h to dif^rarr tf bii aurtty that fucb a perjon imnder 

the ji/thor. By Jofepli Prieftley, L.L.,p. tl\ n€cej/:ty cf Jcaiirg it** (p- 47J. 

F. R S, fe'f. <. The gener..lity of the chv:rch-peoplc of 

*• /^H that mine •drcr'ary had \yritren 5irmingh.im wtic far from favruring Iho 

V-/ n book !" was the exc1amatio:j of rioters; nor ha^c I ever given tliat idea of 

holy Job, coDfcious of his innocence un- them. The promcters of the riot were a 

iter'his agf^raTatcd ealr.m'.tic>. Bot here few, but certainly all of them church- men" 

U a hook which completely anfvicrs (p* 49)< 

tl.c puipc/e of having the mofi iuvcte- « it is therefore in this fenfc (by m'frv- 

tA\^mdiferfary for in auilior — a f-ir- prefcnt.ition of ilic Vnitnri.'.n Diileurers, and 

rago c»f evidence foumlrd on hcaifay, myiVlf In partiailaf). tluiiu'.h in this t»nly, 

formifrs, probabilities, tittle- taitle abi»ut that I accjiic the Clergy of Birmingii.sm, :«nJ 

a clergyman dinip}^ at an inn, anoihrr cfnccially Mr. M:u1ai, as havinp been th« 

of the clergy is jmd. Ire. one of the promoters uf the I'ict; -.mil^ifitJlcuUtfiml' 

maiiiOratcs fjixd, one man was beard to ^"tt in thtt ch/ifu.'Jisn v.--!h zi^iuh I am Jiilt 

fav to another, others came as they faid, t^rtatemd, Ifiall cbnrgc them ivitb b*:ug tU 

a bov faid. .1 ycuni^ man of my conere- '^fi ^f^V ''"'^ (P- 42). 

Ration faid. aDciTon in a green coat*. We mull tranfcnbe a whole feflion, to 

three gcnr^emeti on horfehack, a pcrfon flaie the chargts brought againft the na- 

who had the appearance of a ^enilem:»n, tional juftice, the imputations on tl.c 

his linen being fine, and wiih ruffles counfeUnd judecs, p. 82; notwithfland- 

curncd up, a perfon difguifed in a gnat ing which, it is f^id, 

coar, a perfon above the lower clafs, *' In this coimtiytlien, the Government o! 

virh a ritfing-coat buttoned up, a lady ^*»''c»» '« f« '""'-'h boafted of, it has not been 

ID a mixed combiny, alhes of the meet- "y/^^* to receive cither prweaion or re- 

lag folicited by oJe cKrRNman ot an- f/f^*/ «nd all n,y feliou-fufferrrs may faf 

OtEer, t red-hot brick fom it to be lent *^,/*'"*\, ^^ ^° "^ T^JI^'^r!^ *"? 

1» • tentionottlclaw, or of the difpofition of 

M the Archbilhop of Canterbu. y, the ^^ . ^^^ ^ ^.^^ unabatedmalice of 
■ difcourfe of fome officers at Brij^hthtlm- ^^^ ^,,^,j,,^,^ and the influence they had oa 
none.&c&c. " Few »fl«/iaie brought j,,^ ^^^.^j^y in general. They fparcd no 
forward, for fear of m.fchicf to the per- ^neans to prevent our having any rcdrefs ; 
fons ; hut every name chat is alluded to a^j o„r fuflerings were fofar from Ibfteninjc 
SB this work is ready to be produced, if them, anU exciting any degree of com paffion, 
necefTjrv'* (preface, p. r). Biqotry and that the greated fufferen were expi>fed to 
Hureircby \Tt hrptly infilled on through- the greeted infu'ts. I harJly know an in- 
cut the work ; the extreme ignorance ftance of any men dcferving better of any 
and profligacy of the people in manulac- town than Mr. Rnlle:! and .Vr. Hnttonj 
turine towns, wheie the poor are taught "»-" ^hc mod difmterefted, public-fpirited, 
. nothine but thtir particulai art or trade, ^"d indefatigable in public buOncfs : and yet 
and w&re they have no Uifure or means ^y ^^^e Hie perfons on whom the extreme 



of acquiring general knowledge (p.cf. f ."^'f'^J"^ ^rofs abnfc chiefly fell. Kct 

'•ijL \ucX\y m all ages, and m all countries, haa 

p. vii;i-. , ^ ,, . . . ^ been Hie la'^ of g«cat and ad^ive worth" 

««Th€ fufpicion of the fabrication of the Q,p ^,^ ^^j 




advice. Tlus, iKJwever, \ will fay for hin. : fxnrtO> my prcfent dMe.minanon ij, to ht 

that, though be thought fieely on tl»c fub- ^^o^" ^''t*' the iofs. and notto trouble the 

jeaa of government and religion, l^c was as c«"n«ry on the fubicd. TA^ /^ ,7. rmv ad^ 

Sr from any Ujinp ftoptrly fiditi*m as Mr. »»'''^7«'. ^<y ^ -{^ -^'CT *^'«f" / • Clm,cb men, 

Pum himfelL I believe him to be an lioneft ^"J ^,^/ Z^""^' "y '^ ^>'«, tb'^t it /, rxt 

„«_ — ■ ■ ealcuUitid to frotcH D'/Jciten^ u\ fucby tr to 

* Tlii« rerfjn, or Mr. trooke, is candidly ptocutc a rcJTLj'i of tU -wr'^ngi di'ic i-j them" 

let off with ** This, however, they mi;;ht (p. 98). 

have (aid with refpeft to a perfon wi'h yy^^ ^^^^ ^,^^ ^.^^,^ ^ j^. 

HlKjrn they had no previous commuoica- p^^^^j.^y ,„,■, J^ ^^^^y^ ,^^ ^j . .,1,^. 

**^ Tbiy tovc furely teacher* enough, of fides hc^ng d riven into a lefs plcaGng 
all forts and opiniens, at L^irmingham. # lu: (^q o. i^. 



14^ 



Riview §/ New PublicutUm* 



[Feb. 



and much more ezpenBve Gtoation than 
I was in licfore** (p. 91). The Philofo- 

£hical Society at Manchefbr, aod the 
Loval Sopiecy of London, arc brought la 
for their Ihare of the Do6bor's reflc6tioDS 
(p 105— X09). Ejected membtrs of the 
latter are vindicated 1 and of the Prefi- 
dent it is obferved, " If the Society mud # 
be both philofophical and royal, I do not 
know wheie we Ci>u1d find a more pioper 
prefident" (p. 109). 

** In this alrooft unlverfal prevalence of a 
fpirit fo extremely hoftiie to me and my 
friends, and which would be gratified by my 
deftruiiion, it caimot he any matter of iur- 
prize that a fon of mine (hoold wi(h to 
abandon a country in which his father has 
been ufed as I liave been t efp«fi.illy when it 
is confidered that tliis fon was prefent at the 
riot in Birmingharr, exerting bimfelfp all the 
dre&dful night of the r4th of July, to faw 
what he could of my mod valuable property { 
Char, in confequeoce of this, his lifte was in 
imminent danger, and another young man 
was nearly killed becaufe he was miltaken 
for him. This would probably have been 
his fate if a friend had not, almoft perfnrce, 
kept him concealed Tome days, fo that nei- 
ther myfelf nor his mother knew wlut was 
become of him. I hr^d not, however, the 
ambition to court the honour that has been 
ihcwn him by the National AlTembly of 
France, and even declined the proi>ofal of 
his naturalization. At the moft, 1 fuppofed 
it would have been dooe without any t'-Iat ; 
and I knew nothing of i: being done in fo 
honourable a wuy till 1 fa w it in the public 
news-paper. To wliatever countiy tiiis Ion 
of mine Iball chufc to attach himfelf, I tnifl 
that, from tlie good priacipUs and the fpii it 
that he has hitheitoihewn, he willdifclain^e 
the duties of a good citizen. As to myfelf, ( 
cannot be fuppofed to feel much attachment 
to a country in which I have neither ft)U.)d 
protcdion nor redrefs. But 1 am too old, 
and my habits too fixed, to remove, as I own 
I (lioul'J otherwifc li."ive been difpofed to do, 
to Fiance or to America. The little tliat I 
am cain-iMe of doing muft be in Engl?.nd, 
where I (hall tiierefore continue as lon^ as it 
ihall ple.ife tlie Supreme Dif|x>fer of all 
things Co permit me. Since this was wi it- 
tea, 1 have r.r/felf, wiihoiit any f«>Iicitarion 
on my p:nt, been m?.de a citizen of France, 
snd, ra:)ri,'over, c'.ectjd a member of the 
piefent GonvenTio.v.d .Alfcmbly. Thtftt I 

/j9f».v.M J though, for the rca ions which ai« 
now m.uie public, 1 liave declined accepting 
the latter" (pp. no, 11 1, and note). 

If it be 1*0 honourable to have fellow - 

iliip with and a feat among Atheifts and 

Inhdels, among Brutes and Savages, who 

iiave lefc merey on their own fpecies 

r/un Bnicmi hue /c^* fibp biDU CIMUOB » 



and if it be thas htghlv fpoken of by t 
mini Her of the gofpel ot peacc» who le- 
fents in fuch flron^ terms the cooipara- 
tiyely Icfs flit re of injury and mifdiicf 
than has fallen on any individual who 
cannot fubmtt ro the prefent mode of go* 
vcroment in Fr«nee; from fvch honour- 
able company, God, of hit infinite mer- 
cy, deliver this nation, p'ay we; mod let 
all the people fay Amem ! 

After a brief vindication of his politi- 
cal piinciples, as favouring our ptglcBC 
foinr- of goveinmin% he thus concludes : 

'' A very groat majority of EngUlhmen, I 
am well perfuaded, are friends to what art 
called high triMxims %f Gwernment, They 
would chufe to have ths power of tho 
Crown rather enbrgrd than reduced; and 
would ratlK-r fee all the Diflenten hanifhed 
than any reformation made in the Church* 
A dread of every thing tenliog to Rifuhli" 
canifm is manifeilly increafed of lare yean» 
and is likely to increafc ftill more. The 
very term is become one of the mod oppro- 
brious in the Hnglifh Inngiuge. The Clergy 
(ivhofe near alliance witli the Court and the 
pi-u!<.;:t Royal Family, after having been al« 
mod a century hnftilc to them, is a remark- 
able event in the prcf^^nt reign,) have ooa- 
tributed not a little to tiutt leaning to arbi- 
trary power in the Crown which liai lately 
been growing upon us. Tliey preach i^i 
the dudnnes of padive obedience and mm- 
refinance with as little difguife as their ao- 
cellors did in the reign of the Siuirtsi and 
their adulation of the King and of the Mi- 
niHcr is ahjc^l in the extreme. Both Mr» 
Mad-au's Sermon and Mr. Bum's Reply to 
my .^ppenl Uifcm-cr the fame fpirit t and 
any fentiment in favour of liberty, that is at 
all hold uoJ manly, fuch as till of late was 
deemed Incoming Inglifhmeo and the difd* 
pies of Mr. I.o^kc, is now reprobated as fe* 
d't oiis. In liiefc circumfhrnces it would be 
nothing lei*:! tlian madnefs ferioufly to at- 
tempt a change in the Conftitution ; and X 
hope 1 am not abfolutely infaue. 1 fineerely 
wilh my countrymen, as part of the human 
race (though 1 own 1 feel no particular at- 
tachment to them on any otitergrotmd), the 
unililbirhed enjoyment of that form oif go- 
vernmeitt which they loevidoitly apfirove; 
and, as l have no favour to aik of rbem, or 
of their governorr, befide^ mere prote^iiony 
as to a flrauger, wtule I violate no known 
law, and have not this to a(k for any Ung 
term, 1 hope it will be granted me. Ifnot^ 
J mult, like many otben, in all ages and alt 
nutioiis, Cnbmit to wlutever the Snprenie 
Heing, wbofe eye is upoti us all» and who, I 
believe, intends, and will, in his own timCy 
l>i iog abu\it I lie good ot' allg (hail ap^KHnt^ and 
by their means execute" (pp 113, ii4). 

How different the concluding Ipiik 
Iron) that which aaimiu* the prttacc I 



I79S-] Mevlm cf New PuHicathns. 147 

« UoCnroiinblc aJ the prefent times arc to ^tx^^ of jht DifltDteri in England to ih? 

Uniliruns and Diflea'cra, they may chaose Sufferers in the Riot at Birmingham, 

ID cur ftvour, and even in a fliort fpaca. finned E. Tefferiei, and tiie Anfwer by 

Eraisarepowerfal and fpccdy mitruaorf, the Sutfererb— Account of the Alarm 

aodj^iiccimpurtai^ changes mthi» f«iu. ,„^ Lo^, ^^ j^j^ Carpencer. of Wood- 

f^u ^^ ~'**^''i ^^^ ^-f' T^ ^ ^^^'^ « • J«ter from bis hrothcr-^nd 

Icen both in America and m France. This is '«..«» ^r .l. li: u r^u 1! r •! 

anafieoTRevohitiunsi and (houW teach the 1".*'^°', °^ ^^^ "/?5J* Church fp.nt 

High Cluirch party in this country not info- ^**'«'» *^*» *o»g prevai.cd at Stourbridge. 
tence hut moderaticn At all events, men 

IbDoU do juflice^ ii/hate ver t»^; futui^^^^^^^^^^^ 15. 7^. wpry and ^./;>///« 0/ Nafthy, in 

ation may be i and .t i» ""ly jurt ce that the \j^ ^ouity if Northampton. ^ ^^ /A. i«,. 

Difleoters of Birmingham aA of the.r coun- j^„ j^^^ ^ ^ ^ 

trymen. But they liare not yet found ir, -> MAcrov r 1 . • 

txccpt with regard to the demolition of the , NASE8 Y, on fe v.ral accounts, is very 

new metfing-houfo; though all damages c^nfpicuous m hiftory -s/.d its natural pro- 

done to riotkn Ihould be mod amrly repaid ^^•^^•""s are various and plcafmg. It affordi 

by the <*^t«y which is ronftiuucd for the '*» ? contemplative mind recreations fuhftan* 

wy porp<»fe of preventing or redrefling the ^l'^ and mftruaivcf and aAs its part in the 

wmm U individuals. Jt is n..torio«s that deroonftrjiion of a God. In botany it cx- 

tlM courts of law have by no mear^ given us ""' I J-odocmg a plant « not t«« be found in 

compleu indemiufication. We t.uft, how- V'l "^^"^^ P***^ V^ f'"* '"*^* ,'^*^«»^^»> 

evo-, tli«r« IS iUll io much juaice in the na- [P""fis» pcat-earih, &c. are of no fmall note, 

tioQ that our repref. ntativcs will, on coolw ''=*^»n5 attached the attention of a very emi- 

r«fleaion, do for ns uhat uas d.>ne for tlie ^^'^\ "^'^^^^,"^•"7^'' fearching mto t!ie anti- 

f^dkrtn by the riots in i-^8i, and punifti n»;"«and hiftoncal records of my place of 

Cboie wbo may be proved to have l»c.n r«/'*»<^nce was at firft intended only to p.ra. 

chargeable Hitb a neglca of duty" (pp. ^Ify 17 own curiofity ; but, upon inveftiga- 

^\ # >»» tj„g (-„^^ circiimftanccs that afforded me 

'■' . . ^ . f ^ more information than was exp«^d, I 

•• As yet this country has but an impcrfeft prtCuwc to fubm:i the following ftiects with 

i«!r« of the magmlude aiid extent of this ^,1 ^l,^i, impcMedlions about them, to the 

mifcbief In due time 1 hope that all the candour of my numerous and moft refpca». 

vi mid will have an opportunity of feeing it ; y^ fu!,fcribcis/' Pufucr, 

jiHl let our enemies indulge themfches in ^..^u :- %/r n/i a- » * r u-^ 

!he contemrlaMon of it, if they fed them- , S"ch is Mr. Mafltn's 'ccount of hit . 

felves fo difpofcd. I hope it u ill he the laft ""'V^"* "«^ ^\^ "op''" ^^^ haodling ir, 

grati6cation thai they will have of the k.nd. which he has done in a very faiisfaaory 

Iixlcc«1, tlieir wrath is .v grcu: as rftlfj i/jsw "**""^'*' . 

fhmt their time watjli^t (Rev. xii. 1 0- Their The paiifh IS one large common field, 

VMlcnce wdl only precipiute their ru n. ao inilc:> r(>und, and near 6000 acres, on 

Tlieir beft policy would be niodernrion, and an elcvarcd fituation, fuppof^d to he the 

a hearty concurrence in the repeal of the hij;hfft giound in England, from which 

impolitic Corporal ion and Teft A as, which tlircc rivcisj iijuc, and from which 40 

lifem l^iJTcMter will e^.rr trtuble the rMntty churches niav lie fecn in a clear d-ty, and 

witl pttlti(,ning the ef^r.uy for any mere. I irlt:inccs tf longcvitv are vciv frc4'.icnr. 

nev€rfrvp»fedattyiipflkationtotbe l^gijlatwe Sraicely a recolkaicn of Vac battle 

frtUif^rrf*, and I truft Ml the Dillervers uk.ch dcicrmincd the fate of ihc royal 

will now feci as Paul did when 1«J had heen „„^^ here. ,645, remains. A particular 

ewav Its own difgrace, and provide hT its . _. r •. • • r 1 r 1 6 » "" 

vmri ptMt {ec.ri-.r by doi.s os jullico" ' P' " "^ " " P^''^"'"'- 

(pp. xiv. xv). ^ conduft and writings of Dr. P ), « hich 

The Appendix is made up of repub- \Nou:d fill as many volumes as wc publiih 

Ikations from news-papers, copies rf monthly mifcelbnits. In vind.c;ition of our 

forged letters and letters iniendtM* to be imparii.ility,ari-.ii'»r!fdby Dr p wemighiic- 

addieffed to the Birming^iam Clcrjrv — fcr to a vaiieiyofadilreircstohim, which we 

Addrefs of the D (Ttntcrs * ind I)-lc- adluaiiy have printed j and even to himf'.if, 

« — '■ — whether any .micle tl.at he or any of Ins m- 

♦ Op. defutiti^ Who tliefe d«?pmics nnd tim..te f- iei d' ever fi-.nt ;is, authenticated by a 

Megates ai c u c know not. but the fisnaturc li^nature, iiai b-ien difregarded. Edit. 

we know.^ — If fuch an addrefr was fer.r to us * *• Genifta humifula. Nova. ang. ii. This 

(which we really do not reconr6>), it \vas pi.inc wa^ liever fo^nd in Eng'and before, and 

probably laid on the fhelf, among the innu- was firft difcovered by Mr. Dickfon, 1788." 

menlde articlei of a like kind (wc may f 'The Rev. Mr. N*.ovU.t\." 

UkUj Mf and many mun of ccnfare oa tho l " Avmi, iten, ^mjk HdbcooVn;* 

1^. An 



148 



Review cf New Puiricatlons. 



[Feb. 



26. j4ri j^ctount cf the ScaU of ths Kings f 
Royal Burgbsy umJ Magnntts cf Scotland. 
By Thomas AlUc, £/y. F.RS. anH F.S /f. 
6ne rf the CuraUrs of the UritiOi Mufeum, 
and Ketfer <f the Records in the Tower of 
London. Witb Five Plates, foU 



be^finioft of f^chi ceotisry. 

Phtc V, Tvienty-twoof like peribn<^ 
ages in the i6th century. 

The accouQt of them is drawn up by 
Mr. A, from whofe co.le^Vioo <everal of 



^..,^ , .... , . ^tm are taken; the re.l froofi ttxChap- 

THIS work, uhich is noihi >g more tcr-houfe at Wcfl minder, and orhcrpub^ 
►r lei than a part of the third volume jj^ offices. Many curiouv UBtv in the 



nor 

of the Vitufa Ujnumenta of the Society 
of Antiquaries, the glares liein? number- 
ed XXVI— XXX of thaioccafit.nal col- 
Icfti'^n, as well a^ for fcparaie publication, 
would not hav.' '.tlkn under our icviicw 
ha 1 it not been r.^iiccd l)^ foiue of ojr 
brethren bcf»)re the Society thcmfclvcs 
had declared i: pubilci juris ^ and cfMrcd 
at to public falc with a price affixed. 
However ioterening and laudable the 



hiftory of the two nanonv art elucidarrd 
by this publication . Kiic "he intciipiiom 
of feveral are net (tattd :n the :txt. Wc 
doubt If in plate H. a tree u n t mif- 
tikcn -iT a 



P.-ic iV. 



hiiVie { and if the legend on 
b .ith'iy Hated— rightly 



3* 

printed it ccr ainly i* not. 

To vngiave ftaU o\\ copper reqairet 

as much nicety as. to draw them; and 

there is as much difference t>etwcen the 



^/tf«roay be, when wc compare it to a outlines ..f Andeifon and Touncv'-ae 
ftmilar but le(s arranged (ct of plaits, j^erc is between tl.c p.cfent plates and 



publifhed in the firil volume of the fame 
colledioo, and engraved by that able 
artift Mr. Vertue, we cannot be fo lavilh 
in our commendations of its exicuthn. 
Far be it from us to depicciate the &iU 
of the Engr.iver, who has talents 
equal to the taik ; we will rather fufpe6l 
that his talenta have betm checked, or 
that this is a precipitate exertion of them, 
unworthy the liberality of a public body, 
poflelfed of funds equal to any literary 
undertaking. We penetrate not the fe- 
crets of the Council, or the Committee 
' appointed for conducting this detign ; 
but we moft heaitilv vvilb that, if it is 
intended to be purfued, it may be exe- 
cuted in a manner more worthy of the 
undertakers. 

plate I. contains ftals of Kings Rn 



thole above alluded to ; or between the 
Society's "plates ot coins and thcfe of 
Withy and Ryal— we had almoft added 
thofc cf Snelling. but that they fcaiccly 
defcrre the name of engravings. 

27. The HtjUry and Jntiqmties of the Cmmty 
of Srtmci Tct, colUeiedfrmn authentic Reeords, 
and an a6hial Survey m^de hy the late Mr, 
Edmund Rach: ador*ud%vith a hhp eftb§ 
County y and Engravings of Ronaan am other 
Reliques, Town feals, Baths, Churehes, ami 
Gentlemen* s Seats. By the Rev, Jbhn CoU 
ltnft)n, F.A.S. Vicar of Long Afhton, Cw 
rate of Filton, alias Vl^hitchurch, in thi 
Coun/yof Somerfr.t, and JOcar of Clanfield^ 
in the County ^f Oxford. In Three Volkmti, 

AFTER feveral endeavours to form 
a topographical hiflory of this eztenfive 



bertl. and II. David II. Kdward Baliol, county, the talk has lallcn to the lot of 

^iry queen of James IV. and Maiy. » itrcrcnd gentleman who, notwith* 

plate II. feals of royal burghs, Edin- Aaiuling his honourable title of F. A.S. 

burgh, Roxburgh, Shilling, Ptrih, A- has» >^<>t. in tlw: rourfr of ten year* fincc 

bcrdccn, Grail, Dundee. his propofals firQ appeared f (and he 

Plate III. Twenty-one of illuftrious ought, in juftUc to his undcitaking, to 

pcifonagcs ♦in the 1 3ih century, including have allowed himftif at itaft as many 

Pairick fifih Earl tf Dunbar, Dervor- more previous to the circulation of hit 

gilU, wife of Jobn Baliol, foundrcf* of propolals), been able to give fuch an 

Baliol college at Oxford. From 5 to la account of it as becomes the dignity and 

inclufive arc the feals of the eight com- cluty of a county hiilorian in ibis im- 

peiitors for the crown of Scotland, of pioved ara of topographical refearch» 

whom a particular account is given, when everything that can he come at on 



Thofc from 13 to to arc appendant to 
an inftrumenr, prin'cd in Rymer** Frg^ 
der^f II. S99, of arriclet between Ed- 
ward I. and the guardians of Scotland, 
previous to the marriage of his fun* 
Prince Edward, with Margaret grand- 
daughter of the late King Alexander II I. 
Plate IV. Thirty* three of eminent and 
noble peifonages in the I4rh, 15th, and 



*^jyJMcdl/ ciUcd, io the titie-pa^e^ Mag" peb. i <, in^i* 



* See tbe wretched engraving of the feal 
of Odo biihop of Bayeiix, in /iiehtt^ogia^ U 
336, and compare it with the reft engraved 
in the fucceeding volumes. 

f The propofali for this work, in one vo- 
lume folio, bore date 1781 ; but we have 
good authority for faying it was to be put to 
prefs in 1 784, when altm e^l to throe volume! » 
at three guineas, and adiuAlly was put ia 
1786. Mr. C's ^oadjuiuri Mr. Ra«k^ 4ie4 



>icA 



'793"1 Riviiw of New Puhlhaiiim. 14^ 

tYnt ful>)e£l is carefuUv laid befcre the of ahich thev wers profcflbit, will be 

public k. F.ir it he fr6in u& to intend totiliy out of falhioD : and wc tremble 

the Icaft prtjudice en Mr. C's labours, for tbt Sate «>^ liie hinory of VVilrlhire« 

The rcrpcdable lift of fubfciibcr^, ;«l>ovc wbici) Mr.C. annuunccsas prep^ri.'.g for 

cop, ought to fet bun abnre pecuniary tiie prcft. 

foU. But whco we compare him with Tlie pl»^c of this hiftory are priDci* 

his hrethreo in the fame u':lk, they (ball p.illv mariiir'.i.i ufes *, a few churches, 

be iiks jurv} his impt;!'tM sec ^unt of the f.rg^- ai h.:v cf Old Cicvef, and aa 

fuch pUcc5 as Wci'x, ^ii«lU.iiburv, <(Dd uuintuctiinu ir.cr.ument or two, and 

Hin:cn St. GcorL"*. v:t: tvid:rce a(;aiii(l [\\\\ niirc u: '.r.:crcAing modern altar* 

hiin : and the Socttcy ot Aniiiiuarits uf piece in the chu*ch ^f a inarket-rowB—* 

Loniiori his Judges. ail drawn and en^^AVcd by Mi. Bonnor. 
Ciukfs of au'.hori:ic5. or unknowing Mr. C. infcrii.ws 'nis work to his 8o« 

how CO u(e them, ai^. it al! tlta: he ad- vercign, and in his piefacc, after de« 

vances refl^on printed books, cr his own fcanting on the utility of county hiftory^ 

aiTcrttcns. A ficncial but concle de- and of *' fepulkhrstl tombs and moou* 

fciiption of the pari:bi an txTr».H hom mer!^^," and natUT.i) hillrry, acknow* 

the N»rmam rtC9ra, as he caiU Doiiief* ledj^es his obli^a:ions u : is deceafed 

day; an unfupported account of (uccecd* fiicnd rnd coaujuto-, ^^ . Edn^tund 

ing propricioiSf a (hoit Ucfcription of Rack §, and to F^ri l^.[.i't.:', the Mar« 

the ciiuich, and copies of epitaphs, with- c]ui«: of Bath, tic iNiv \' ct Rath aiid 

out an enumeration I f vical^ (except of Wells, Copleltor.,* Warrc *j3^;f'. Idc, 

hii own partfli of Long Alhirn, and Hu(>li and Jc.hn Acland;!, K. jr.. Mrs. 

nftnry of T«ert)from tlie RLfoimaiion; M.'ltt, Sir J«)hn Ilukh Sm^'r., Tart, 

a dry iiA ot prcpiieror?, wi:h"ut ciatev or jiiintrs Bemard,* RoI.eic Biyan:, Iljnii 

dtfcentt, forms the lum total ot each ar- Koiic, J Berkeley BurUid, Paul Mc- 

I'cle. As Mr. C. acknowled^eii h!S ob- thuen, Efejrs.; Mr. Plana Si.d Mr. 

ligation* to the Bifliopof Bath and Welts, Aylcough, for affiOance at the B'itifli 

ID v^hofe diucc(e t lie whole Counts is, we Mufconi} P.ichard (soug^, ct EntieM, 

are t!«e more fuipiifcd at thi^ dcBciencv, Craven Ord, William Bray, and £d* 

which he has avoided in hi^ own pariHi, mund TunuT, Eftjrv. Jor ixtraBi from 

of vi-hich he has given a fuil account, publtc cffires^ to vihirh only tlit- (econd 

He has DOt given tlib lift (f mtml>ers of of thtfe ^cmitmen belongs i Do^.^ort ^ 

parliament, excipt for the courty and Hinin^ton and I'^a'cunar, and Mr. Sule^ 

vath* The whole account of Cvlaflon- apothecary lit Bath; Kcv. Dr. Wills, 

bury is compiii-t! in 37 i'^<"*5, of Weils warden of WadKam, R«v, George Bca- 

c^vio 30, anticf Hir!'o:i >t. (7ei rpe in 4. vtr, Richard Paget, iVI. D. R;:v. Mr. 

Mr. C. is a mere ci.i:i;:!-r f <m fritved Graves, of Ciaverton, Rev. Mr.Wylde, 

Inioks, borrowing ertn i»i^ df'c*ip!i.:n ct ard Mr. Abraham Crocker; and to fe<- 

fcact and grounds from Arlur Yr.uR^r, vcral other Uarneo anti ingenious rontri- 

that uniteif^l tout ill ; an<l, wc cit^ul't it, butors. With all thefe ivw he is i'enii- 

had Mr. Pennar.t jcHirneved oser li-e ble pf many errors and imperfections, 

fame traiik, he would ha\e inaiic as large from the extent of territory and ambU 

rxctrpts from him. W^ mccin ni-t to guity of rccordbj but moft, .ind which 

derogate fiom the merit (f thcfe travel- he mod lament^;, from his own inability 

\tv<.\ bu: from the hiihjran of a county to do Juiiice to a taik which, in regard 

far more is txi^^ied. Vv'c dwell nor ou of the places and perfons it has to icpre-* 

rcrfes to bclUrinizers, on vulg.1i iiaiii- fcnt, is in itfcif lb impoiianc and ho* 

tkiOf, on uncandid ch;:rgrs. founded on- nuuiable." 
I) on the Biographical Dictionary, a- The Introduction contains the general 

Uainft Polydore VcTtfil. Wc 'pare Mr.C. : :; -"t: ' 

the pain of entering into farther details, * ^hy is tlie fine old one at BnmpCo« 

leaving his work to the more clofc and ^'"1"^.,; ^, /» v j .u 

arcf«l.x.min3f.on.,fo-he.c.iMck.inhi. t Why ^'^"""^"'y'J"^^ "^^ ™»^ 

J ^ 11 I • . I £ • were n«»t immoitalized by Mr. Ilonnor* we 

dcpaitmer.t. It the UQi:eitaKt.i!i of tnc ., . .-. ^ .««^..:„. 

,.1T . tr I c %->. A ai"c at a Ioi> to conc'-ive. 

hiftoriei df the counpts cf Dcvcn and * gj^^j^j ,,e ^^^ bavc faid "tombs and 

Hant« pitfcr Ti.Jo plan to tnofc of fcp„lchral monumenls?" 

Dugdaie and Chj-uncty i». tic lall, ar I j Of this benevolent and induftrious man 

Biidgas and Hmcl.ins and even il.fled's ^e luve memoirs by Mr. Polwliele, vuLI. 

io the prefent, ctnrury, uc dct-moui- p. ^7^—82. 

fc Wei warranted to foretell that, in ibe || TotUelaft for the »£t q£ \Ya Vi^.^ "^t^ 

next cc&iur» tbefcicnct; of Tvpogmphv, Pjliner's calkAiflDS. 

4 ' \wSlk 



»50 



Riv'uw tf Nfw PablieatuMt, 



[Feb. 



form of the county, rifcrs» mountains, 
foreihy produ6tions, minerals, vceeca- 
bles, birds ; Roman, Saxon, and Nor* 
■lan, hiAory, alias concife as podiblc; 
liftsof reprefentatires and iheriffs; liftof 
aobility and gtntry in the reign of Hen- 
ry Vll. and of jufticcs 1787, earls and 
dukes, tbivftlitn fif bommes dtmark^ 17 
Edward I.; temporal and ecclcfiaOical 
divifions; Domefday-book, wiiW an in- 
dex comparing the antienc and modern 
nanir*. of places.. 

Tbe Hiftory opens with the city of 
B4Tri. ^rifol was left to Mr. Barreir; 
and ho'iv he has fuccccdcd in it may be 
fcen in vo). LIX. p. 921. Then follows 
an account of every paiiflt, ranged al- 
phabetically in the feveiai •hundreds, 
compiled entirely from prinUd auchoii- 
ties, and an actual view rf tUc fpots. 

Mr. C. failing in his application for 
the papers of Nlr. Strachey, which, by 
all accounts, are extremely valuable, and 
being engaged in extenfive parochial en- 
gagementf, aflually dtclincd his part of 
tne work, the hiflorical and ecclefiallical, 
in 178a i but Mr. R. purfued his part, 
and had nearly completed it, except a 
few towns and patilhes, when Mr. C. 
refumed it, and continued i: till Mr. R's 
death, 1787 (fee vol. LVII. p. 276). 
Forty plates were promifed ; and tliey 
intended as many more at their own ex* 
pence, if the fuhfcription admitted. No 
lift of the plates is given. 

18. The frejent State of Hudfon*s Bay ; ew 
tairthtg a full Difcriftim if that Settltmeni 
0nd the adjacent Countryy mnd liki-wife of the 
Fur-trade, wit^ Hintt for its Im^r^ement, 
Tq ivh:ch are addtd. Remarks and Ohjrnia" 
tiom made in the irdand Partif during a Refi" 
dence of near Four Tenri\ a Specimen o/" Fri't 
Indian Languagn, and a Jwrnal of a 'fot*^' 
meyfrom Montreal to New York. By Ed« 
ward Umfrevllle, Eleven Tean in the Ser. 
vice of the Hudfon's Bay Company, and Futr 
Temri in the Canada Fur-trade, 

MR. U. undenakes to prove that, 
iincc the failure of Mr. Dobbs's attempt, 
1749, to lay open the trade to Hudlon't 
Bay, the Company have remained in 
<iuiet polTcfTion of their extenfive tcrrito- 
iies, to the great injury of this country, 
ItB tfadc and manufactures. He entered 
into the Company's fervice as a writer, 
at a falaryof 15I. per annum, and comi* 
nued eleven years; but, at the reftora- 
lion of the (ettlement, fome difappoint« 
ment arifing in point of falary, he quit- 
ted them, andy in 1783, made a voyage 
to Quebec, to acquire a knowledge of 
thefur-trtdciD thit quwrtcr. He com* 
jf/aigs of Uw WMBt of fxtcniioa of the 



Company's trade { and he appears to h* 
well acquainted with his fubje£l. It it| 
however, more than probable that the 
Hudfon's Bay and North Weft Canada 
Companies have but one view, and will 
CO- operate in forminft a permanent cf- 
tablifhment on the Weft caaft, and t 
ready communication with the Eaft. Mr* 
U. gives a brief account of the climate^ 
foil, &G. of the country on the coaflt of 
Hudfon's Bay, the manners and cuftomt 
of the Indians near the coaftsj a coociA 
account of the trade to Hudfon's Bay, 
with the method purfued by the Com- 
pany in carrying it on; reJBe£kions on 
the Company's trade, ibewing in what 
Dianner it may be improved to the gene* 
ral benefit of*^ the nation ; fome account 
of tlie Company's officers, guvercora, 
and inferior fervants. If what he (ayt 
on this head he true, the Company's fer* 
vice is a fyftem of abominable tyranny 
and opprcmon. Next follows an account 
of the taking of tlie fettlement by ibt 
French, 1783; remarks on the inland 
partv of Hudfon's Bay, during four yean 
refidence ; the face of the country, foiU 
climate, natural produAiont, and ani* 
maU ; the Indians, their cuftoms, and 
the piefcnt ft ate of the trade carried on 
among therp. He concludes tvith a 
journal of a journey from Montreal to 
New York, in 1788. 

29* Tie WJlory of Derby, from the remit 
yfges of jrlnti^ity to the Tear 1 79 1 ; dir- 
ferihing its Situativt and Soil, tVater, Strettt^ 

' Buildingt, and Governrnentt wth tkt i/h^ 
tri'Mi Families luhieh han*e inherited its £n* 
Hours: alffi, tie Eeelefiafiieai Wfhey, the 
Trade, Amufewunts, Remarhahie Octwrrwees^ 
the eminent Men, with the ndfaeeni Seait if 
the Gentry, llluftrated tuitb Plates, Sjf 
William Button, F.W.5.5. 
THE Hifioiy of Birmngbmrn, which 

has gone through two editions, with im* 

f>rovements, is a proof of Mr. H's ta- 
ent at enlivening a dry fubjc^ Within' 
a narrower compafs than the hiftonans of 
Taunton (vol. LXII. p. 241) and Ti* 
verton have taken, he gives us a great 
deal of lively information refpe£king tht 
place of his attachment, where he . wat 
borif in 17^3, and bound apprentice to 
the (ilk-mills and hofiery. He has di« 
kribcd it, in all its pans and honours, 
minutely. We are forry to obferve, that- 
he falls into the too frequent error of 
tranilating miUani villa/ns, iailcad of 
vUlojii, they being the inhabitants of 
nfitlee. The account of this town io 
Domefday-book giv^ it a confequeoca 
tq>u\ IQ lU fitVeu\\ uid it had i^reat 



1793*1 Riview of NiW Publicathns. tjf 

inaiuiiiticf, fbanded on antient chartert to London to (hun ir. Talenti, and a 

0r |ireicripaoos» ccmfirmed by James I. field co improve chem, furnifhed biia 

t6ti. It vTis incorporated by Charles I. with a fortune of io,ocol. Othen, lit 

16389 ind fcBt members to parliament juftty (uppofed, might feel, iabisnacivt 

from 11949 in the reign of Edward I. A place, chat difhrefs which he bad felt 

coarc of confdence, or requefls, was ef- himfelf { therefore he left 4000]. to the 

taUtftcd here in 1766. *'So long as it corporation for charities: and there it 

Aall be deemed prndent to put a period not a pauper in the borough who is e 

to quarrels among neighbours, fo long Araneer to CroJbauSs dole. The infant 

will ■ court of coofcience be ufeful The moutn, unable to feed, icielf, which hat 

prifilege of going to law is the birth- been fed by hi« bounty, may live to re* 

right of an Bnglilhman; lop off this turn a tribute of gratitude to ity htnefac* 

fruitful branch of Britifli freedom, and cor. He left 20 1, per annum for a Icc- 

the tiec of libsny will be left naked, tuce every Friday. He died in 1631. 

As the espences' of the court are exceed- This amiable chara£ier is faid to have 

ingly fmiu, he enjoys his birthright at ftaid in London during a plague, to ad* 

an cafy price" (p. laa). The fix minider comfort to diftrefs, and efcapcd 

.churches that were formerly in thiit town the contagion.— The next monument to 

are now reduced to five, the chief of this belongs to a pcrfon of the name of 

which is AH Saints, whofe tow«:r was Wheeler, who quitted London to fliun 

eleeantly rebuilt in the reign of Henry that dreadful ca amity in 1665, but died 

VIII. Upon a fillet en the North, in at Derhv the following year: tiiougb 

eld Sfigllfli, eafih r^ad, is Toung Men he travelled far, he could not travel 

mmd Mmids. Tradition cells us, that the out of the reach of Death" (p. 157).-* 

Iteeple was ercAed to that height by the The parochial bequens to this Bngle 

Yolaotary contributions of the youth of parifh are now wortn more than loool. 

bodi fezes. On the South fide is anoth^ per annum (p. 163) ; others lejl to the 

infcriptiony at/ eafily read; but which, feveral parifhcs amount to a3al. per an- 

we fliould fuppofe, was a continuation of num (p. 165). The Ump clofe (p. 1 68) 

this text, from Pfalm cxlviii. 12, ij, was to maintain one or more lamps or 

Old man and hmbis praifi the lord. The lights in one of the churches, perhaps 

church was rebuilt in 1722, from a de- th<it of the Nunnery, not, as Mr. H. 

figaof Gibbs, for which he received 25I. feems to mifapprthend, the lamps in the 

jyvm Hutchinfon, the curate, fubfcribcd town. '• The Mcthodifts ere^ed a 

40L and folicited 3249]. iis. 6d. ; of meettng-hou!e in St. Michael's lane, 

which, 137I. 16s. 6d. not l)eing pji»I, unJcr that gre:it divine, J. Wtflcy, 

59S I. $s. 6d. more was added by a brief; who, dif^Lrinc; in fcniimcnc fro:u the 

faults and feats produced 48 1 1. 19s. more; Un\% of the Churcli, covets not wealth, 

total 41911* 19s. 6d.i but, difagrecingwirh though all he poffeifes is not of more 

the panA, he threw up the manngemcnt, confeqnence than the fmall dufl of the 

and left the parilhioners involved in per- ba-.ncr; but he covets more religion, 

plezities and a conliderable expsnce, of tluiugh already poiTenVd of more than 

tbeirowA creating. ** In the dormitory bait the brnch of bifiiops" (p. 169} ; 01, 

of the Dcvonfliire family lie the worrhies as one r>f his fuccefTors declaied at the 

of Liberty, ivho poiTeffcd the name cf confecr^tion of the Huntingdonian cha* 

Caveodifli. Here, at full length, is fcen p"! tt Chefhurit (fee our vol. LXII. p. 

the monument of the Countels of 860), thsn tyserAy arcbhtjbops, — Mr. H. 

Shrcwibury, conOrufled under her own inclines to fix Djihy tor the birth-place 

lafpedion, in the diefs of her day. She of the cclc'Hated phyHctan, Linaccr. or, 

purchafed this lafl feat of the family from as he Tpdls is, Linaccr; whom others, 

the corporation, into which 29 of the wiih more probability, fix at Cbefterfieid^ 

dead have found their way. She faw the in the fame county. John FlamUead, 

cad of four bufbandt, procured a dowry the great mathematician, who, in 167$, 

Iram each, was immenfely rich, per- was concerned in creeling the obfervatory 

formed many works of charity and mag- in Grenwich-park, and, in the uigns of 

iLficcBCe, continued a widew fevenreen Anne and George I. prefided over ic a$ 

yean, and died in 1607, in extreme a^e" affronomer-roy'U, was bora here, 1646, 

(p. 137).^** The noted Richard Cro- continued here tiil 1670, and died 17199 

■aw, with his nail-hammer and leathern aged 73. Of him, Mr. H. talis a re- 

dubiety has alfo a monument. He, like, markable anecdote : that he wa«, when a 

^Mne ochen of his lownfmen, feeing only young man, tried and eondemne'J (be 

portrcyia*.acprorot6i before him/ ffr»c a h ij^h way- robbery , but ^\^cm«^ V^^ 



»5a 

Charles II. ; which circumftanre was 
fori^otten till the pardon was t'oan'l a- 
Bioog his papere after his death. Lord 
Chancellor Macclesfield bet;an his pro- 
lefTional career here. Here alfo rcfided 
Joho Parker^ a ftockiig-maker and phi- 
lofophical writer, and Joho Wlntcliu'-!^ 
the naturalifl ; of whom, fee vol . XLVlJ (. 
pp. i62y 363. The next rcfpe^Aablc 
and emincDt chara£ler is Robert B«i^c, a 
writer of novels, which have bccci iranf- 
larcd into German. 

Havioe *• WJinlered w»th the rcad«r 
into every Hrctt and comer of what has 
O^en \>^tn ptonounccd ♦ a pr-tty town, 
'thoui^U not a large one/ and what is 
BOW a thriving ^nc, examined it« anti* 
quitirs, with not onlv irs antient and mo- 
dern ftru6turcSy but called inro exin*fnce 
thofe that are gone, (een its chaic s, 
police, and honours, the nature ot its 
governmcnr, and its religious condu^, 
which lad did not (hine in the moO ami* 
able light, followed the arts in their rife 
and progrefs, the amufements of the in- 
babitanty, the occurrences of the times, 
and the produdions ot Genius," Mr. H. 
concludes with enumerating the families 
tad their feais which lurround it. 



Rivitw of Niw Publuaiiius. 



[Feb. 



30. The Diffiailtia ami the Rffourett tf the 
CbrifiioH NVmflry in the frefrnt Timet. A 



UtTu 2. Of the Oftpre<j^:*m ofth* Innemlfetittp 
tt^' Ph'-ilifhy tyw:rd% fheir SubjHtvtet, j. 
Of thr mhr'^ib^e Sttte '/ thf CH>atet. wheje 
iV«/«,'/#fi 4*f fo t.yw ii'f^'rttporeiomtte f9 the 
Valut r.j the Beiffi.'f^ «f tr.»i' F.mf^ioyrrt. Bj 
M Jitntfl.fJ Clergy m,iH %/ tU Uttiverjitj «r 
Cambridge. 

UNDER the fir A head are confideged 
archicpilcopil difpcnfations to hold two 
liv:ng« ; opiions ; commcmlams ; non- 
rcfidcncei b>fho.>5 inrcr-crio(r in pr»liticks 
ar.ii onrr.vcrred cIcMjon* ; the B»lbou 
ut Lonil.>n v C'ini())iint;n:ed i^n lii> run- 
W^tn rclulcuce WIIC4C hi^^ /iiit\ rc(|itircs} 
tlic lofs of America renders orninariuns 
Icfk numerous ; .<d 1 the author rccon- 
mends aopointiiig ch;xpljiDs to £, India- 
men. Under t\\^ fecond, tjie reformer 
Couchts on SMnonipcal contiads, plura* 
lirics ma !e ma:ria,:c.'-jx)rtioni, collufivc 
rcfignation>. Wc ptrf«£ilw agree with 
him, tliat cnfoicing the ichdeiice of in* 
cumbcncK in their refiie^ive p^rilbet 
more (Iridlv, where their ciqty rcquiict 
them, would hare a l>etier ctfcd '\a im* 
proving and reforminix the morals of the 
prcfcnt age than a thoufand proclama. 
tions ilTued by the King, and Piifv 
Council ; and we lament the inclEcacy 
of the pruclamaiion illUed four veart 
The caic of the poor curates it 



ago- 

— ._, ,.^ ^ ,j _. ,. very feelingly and forcih y reprcfeored ; 

Simwt, preached bef ire the Chincellor and the nnd we (i icerelv hope t-.c arguments cf 
C'ergy of the Deanry rf Sudbarv, at Bury tt.is ecclefi-itical reformer will have tbcir 
St. Edmund's, at the Piimaty \')fitatiw if due weight. 
the Right Rerererui Fat'er /Vt God, George, 



Lord BiJL;>p cf Ni rwich, May 31, 1791. 
Fuhlijled at the Retjuejl of the Cha/tcellor .-. •■J 
the Clergy, hy William Jones, M.j4. and 
Chaplain to the Right Reverend the Lord Bi- 
JhTf of Norv\ ich, 

MR. J. give< a melaociioly and too 
true pi£lure of the flate of irrrligion and 



32. Ecrlefiafiieal Refearcheu 
By Robert Robuifon. 

THIS may he ccnfidered as i ftcnnd 
Tolume of The HtJIsrj; 9/ Battifm^ hv tl\e 
fa:rc author, publifhed Uf^'year, siid re- 
viewed in our vol. LXIl. p. 1016. The 
hiftory ot* that rite '♦ is a great objea in 



thefc very corruptions. The encoura^cl ** *^ '* degrading to the parent. But to 

ment, therefore, to the miniftcr^ of the *^*^'^ purpoic 1* it proved that the fpiink- 

Gofpel in the prcfcnt dav is not Irfs than ^^^" ^^ "" '"f*°^ ^v"*' w"^'' »' not 1 

it was to the firft preachers of the Gof- tcnprural ordinancr, and that barifm 

pel. Sceafcrmon by the fame author (•'^ rhe im-nerli-n of the body under 

onihecorruptionsof the times vol. LX. warrr) is :t prctcnt, and hath always 

p. 58. He IS alfo author of LeBmret on ^^'\* ^''^^ ptadHcw tf the Greeks, while 

ibi figurmtlw Language of Hcriptun, ^'•- >»inorancc (it patents lulTcrs them t» 

b'j deluded vvith vain fears forthcii chil- 

3r. Ecciefiafiical Refirm. ^^ prtfent Stat: tf dreii's faJciy, and tlic pciformancc of a 

the Clergy of the FjUhiifhd <^hirch cwfder. ceremeny liaiiering ibc vanity, or fa- 

•d. In Thrre Parti: 1. i)f the va'icui vour^bJe to the iorert-fi, of the aflilUnts, 

^^Jh occaJlMedly the Combief of ^r Pre* IS aa eafy fubfliruic t'jr ;iic pra"-!ite of 



Jttvitw tf Niw Pmblkatms. 



'5$ 



was printedi in fix volumoB ft>liO| at Com* 

plutum, now called Alcala» in New Caftile. 
Ic contains the Scriptures in four languages, 
Hehi-ew,' Clulilee, Greek, and Latin. It 
was firft publiihed in fifteen handred and 
fourteen, and the three following years. The 
Greek, of the New Te(bment is printed at 
it is written in antient MSS. without ;ic- 
ccnts. The whole is uuv'oubtedly a noble 
W(u:k» and doe^ honour to the nation and 1 js 
eminence, who fpareJ neither pains nor coft 
to execute it; but thi.- grand woik is dif- 



f^ntual rcl'gion?" The editor? of the fe 
Rv-fcarchrs conceive tlut Mr. R. was 
■lore •*fupeil«r to the prejudices of the 
times he lived in than the bcft wriirrs to 
aU aeetff who have been led too fre- 
auentiy to ev©^ the fpUndour of an ex- 
ternal church, and either to ovrilo*)k or 
ill ireaithofe fi6ts which, uiderrhc dc- 
iK>m:n«(lnn of Hcrtticks, cntffiaintd 
jufter tvnions of Chnftianity, Onr au- 
thor has, with indffangahle pairs, ex- 
plored the r cords of an»t<^uity,and pro» « d graced with epiftles. prologues, and prefacei 
that rlierc never hare heen wan»inir n>cn of blclfed St. Jerom, who was a wretched 
to ftiod up in the defence of rhe G ^r ^ expofiior of Sciipiure, and a tot^l <ii3ngtr 
and to oppofe that (pirit of don.n.a:i(»n to ii.u.Ml c.non5 of criticifro^ened|a Arias 
and perfecution which reii;n, in ilx Mm.trinus is another Spjunard to w»«mlu^ 
anu F*"*- J* ^.^'^i .1 . Pp I. guifts have great obi igatliios. Several places 

RomiO. and the grrartr part of t lie Pr - 8^^^.^^^ ^J^^^^ j^^^^s^ ^^ ^^ ^^^ 

teftani churches. Whvrtver diat Ipirit cre. k cities did for that of Homer. He was 
appears. It is, in the following paHCs, ^j^ f^,, of a poor gcntleinan, and was edii- 
juflly leprolate*! j neither the fenvur oi ^^^y ^^ j,^^ ^^^^^^ ^f ^^^^ citizens of Se- 
Luther*s *ea', nor ihc puier doannes ot ^m^ ^^e aaiuirtd the knowledge of (eveiMl 
Socious, caft a veil o%cr il»rir intole- languages', and underftiMxl CI reek, Lai in, Sy- 
rance; and we are fired with pin|>«r in- riack, C'hnldcc, Arabick, Hebrew^ Frcmh, 
digaation at the treacherous cmdud of Dutch, < erm;iii, Eogiiih, :mJ Italian. Hav- 
Caivin, the murdcic* of Stivctu^•" irg made himlelf kiuiwn by federal learned 

The work being pofVhumoui>, the rdi- vorks, he wa*; emjdoyed by Philip II. to 
tore reeret that it diil not receive tic au- print the fcomd Pcilygloir,vwhich he exccu-cd 
tkor's fintlhiDe hand. It is divided ioio in eight fuho v.ilumes, auil puMilhed at Ant- 
i6 chapters, i. On the eaution mcef- werp, m fifteen hun.li-ed fixty-nlne, and the 
fary to a reader of tccicfi^nical hidorv, 
in regard to ^ju^rds. eontradiSli§Hit //>/- 
th0iit rbetori€k, ai:eJlattom, am J fi^urhm 
mofilimgi, a. A v«^ncrat view of the 
Roman empire, at the birh nf Chrift. 
3, A general view of Jutia^a, n the hune 
period. 4. A view ot ihe new eccuormy 
introduced by John the B-«ptil\. 5. J-lus 
Chrift, his baptifm, minillrv, aJcciifion 
. into heaven. 6. The Grlik church. 



three fiillowing year^. This cipit^l work 
contains the Polyglott of C\irdinal Ximenes 
and .1 Chaldee |>ait of tlie Old Teftament, 
wliich the Carditi»l h:id l.iid np in the iibraiy 
of the Univei fuy of Ci>mphitiim. not fu^lging 
it proper to pi lit it, for pniticubr reafons. 
Muiit.iiius incurred the tlifpleafure of the 
Couii for puWliihing it. The work ouitains 
alio a Svriac vcifion of tlw New I ellanienr, 
wi'h a Latin int(Mpit;t..tion, and the Latin 
veifwnof Piignin, coi 1 c«^ted by Montanus f 
],/f he A^Jrican chuich. The clurch of to all \\ hich arc ;«dd«rd, grammars, vocabiila- 



KoMfc: 9. The church of A>«i/«. 10. 

ChaichC) of Nmvurrt •n*\ B/cay, 11. 

Church of limly. 11. Chuich of Pted- 

m§Mt' 13 Bohemia. 14. Mwfitr, 15. 

F§immd. 16. 7ram/\hania. 

The reader will find that Mr. R. has 
iCcurrcd to all fuch reading as was 
icarccly ever read, and improved it, by 
** the livclinefs of hiv imagination and 
baniKMiiou> fl\le,'' into a connected and 
HOC uneotcrtainine lierail of the riie, 
progfcfs, and coriujitionb of ChriiHinitv. 



iie<, :ti:d various diflVit itioiis. Great iium- 
b^rn of men of eminent literature of various 
k'l'i's ^iKiin b.ilh pr(Hliue«l, maihenintxiitOK, 
hiftorians, poets, but no critical divines ; for 
the reli.ion of the country aHe^s critical li- 
teral mr as it d«»es every thing elfe — it either 
wU>ll}' binds It, or fcl^Cls the part tli.it di th 
Hot nuit the e(>i«bli(hmcfit, and llirows the 
reft a'Aay. in the 1 7ih century, Dr. Niclw 
Antonio, a a^ive of Seville, and beneficed 
in th;*i I* hurt. h, laid the plan of that cnpit:*! 
work which contains an account of all the 



Sp.unlh writers who fluinlhed f:om the 

Incoriedntls or (\>le 10 fuch a writer, reign of tlie empcior Auguftii3 to the year 

and his vague manner of citing hii^ au- «ne tlioufaud fix hundred and feventy, or 

thorilies, mult l)e overlooked in a poflhu- theieibous. In the piofecuiion of this 

Bious publicatii»n. ^o*"*^ »'« ^l^'^' h.. f.Iary anw life. His whole 

'^ , r 11 • c coropl.itiori conliiib oi hiiu- folio Volumes { 

Mr. R. gives the following account ot ^^ ^^^ j^^^ of which he publiihed at Rome, 

tlie editions of the Pol^glott. and of the ^here alfo Cardinal d'Agurre publiihed the 

literature 1 f Spain (pp. 268, 169) : other two after hii vleceife. Thofe publiihed 

« Cardinal Ximenes was the firft Euro- firft conuin the autlwrs of tlie laft one hun- 

pcaa who publiihed a PolygloU Sible. it drcd and le*cni| ^ean*) »Df\\VM>U v^iBKk^«A 

GsNT.MilO* Frhfkary, / 7^ J. \r| 

8 



»54 



Rivitw »f New PuhBeatitMU 



[Feb. 



by Che Cardinal ccmtim thofe of the firft fif- 
teen InUHlred. Were thefe ^rtteis divided 
into two claffes, the one Pagans. Jews, 
Moors, .-'.I'd llcT ;tick«-, and the other Catho- 
licks, and cont/adcd, either as member* of 
fociety or as authors, itie d ntraft uouid be 
much to the dif:idvantage of the biter. The 
woiksofM. Antoninus, Seneca, Quimiliar-y 
Maital, and Lucan (to fay rot^'ip't oi 
Jews, Arabs, or Herctick«>), ai-e ;is for fu •«- 
rior to bookb upon rcUcks iiiid miracic^, and 
the immacuiate conception of the lady mo- 
ther cf God, as the nKiraU of the Emp -r r 
Trajan were i*) thofe of Pope Alexander VI. 
It is lumentahic to fee the genius of one of 
the firft kingi!oms in Europe A) mifeiiibly 
pcrveited and despraded by fuperftition." 

Another fp'.cimen of Mr. U's manner 
we (hall give in his dcfciiption of Gra- 
nada under the Moor« (p. 255)7 

" The efTe^ of the fatal and invariable 
cfFe^ of defpoiifm on temporal pn«fperity 
are no where mere confpici^ous than in 
Spain. What an at.tient prophet faid of an 
Eaftern army of banditti may, with great 
truth, be appUed to the ecdefiailicks of the 
Catholic Church : * Before them tl.e land is 

* as the garden of Eden, and hetund them a 

* defolate wilderaefs ' In tlie times o\ the 
MiMirf, the city of Granaila and its environs 
unfurled the beauties of an tailhly paiadife. 
The city, thronged like* a hive, was a rtoic- 
houfe of plenty. There the wealthy Jews 
dif^hbuted raw filk to the manufaAurcrs, 
IV ho returned it wrought, and recciveit and 
enjoyed tlie fruit of their labour. There ihe 
farms, and village;, ^tnd hamlets, of twenty 
miles round, met with a ready fale for corn, 
and figs, and raifins, and every fpecies of 
fruits, fi-efti and prefeived. l*hitlier the 
mir.crs conveyed fi'.ver and gold, the precious 
produce of the mountains ; and there f{)ec;e 
was in greater plenty than in any c<Aintiy i>f 
Europe. Ever>' flreet had its fountain, and 
every hc-ufe itt pipe of water. Here huge 
warehoufes, richly inured, or royal arfenals, 
lifted their beads; and thcie the magnificent 
houies of meich^ints, magiilraies, otfi<.crs of 
the army, ar.d niat»uf tourers, filled itie eye 
with ohjedts of ait, opulence, and e^i'e. 
Eighty thoufiind fnm:nes inhabited the city ; 
and they frequently feni oni xrnnes of 30,^00 
foot and io,''oo hoife. The LO'.intiy round 
was divided intohtile freeholds, allrlad with 
verdure and vegetable produAions, or into 
gardt^ns and viuevards, io the higiiett culti- 
vaiion, or into larpe farms, where flocks 
and herds, and hetb-ige ar.d corn, rewarded 
the induftricns hufb.rdman. Within the 
city Aood mofque$> <uid churches y and (chiKds, 
and within fight of the walls %\ere reckoned 
50 colleges ard places of worfliip, a:.d above 
300 water mills. Over all the royal pal.u c 
of Al^imbra, built witli red bricks c>n a 
Jui^bM, /lood iht Jih'er tt»wers, tjliner-ns 

^MkeMiUi jmaag the iJ€9i» Thtu tntyti ^e. c 



no heretickt tt Onnada. In Ihe fame Iftraet 
a man m.ght fee, witliont wottderiog ac ilie 
fight, the fmig Monk trudging along, with 
his crown (haven, and in the habit of hie or- 
der, ihe Muifuiman failing lit his ihiped 
robes of Perfian filk or cotton, the Rabbi 
plodding in the difplay of his filver beard^ 
the Nut) tripping in Iter weeils and tier veil, 
and the hone(\ Mxnichran carrying home 
his woi k to A^ron the Jew.*' 

Tlis dt (Clip! ion is hoi rowed, hut not 
improved, from that of an Ai^tbian wri* 
rer, quoted bv Mi. Swinhtirre, in his 
Travrh tbr^itpb Sfiaim, leitci XXI. The 
cLurchts are midaken for eaflUi^ and the 
fiiver towcis A th«: AMiambra t"i>r the 
teauf'tful ones. Tbe painting of the dif- 
ftrcnt pcifona^es \\ Mi. R's own. The 
piefent melnncholy levcrfc of thi*^ pic- 
ture p, by Mr. Swintmrr.e, tfcT'ljcd to 
their tafy and voluptuous li«ek$ their 
uib;inirv and lefinemcnt hc1|>cd to accc* 
lerarc ihtir ru.n. 

Speaking' of the Archbifbcnpof Vierne^ 
who parroirzed Servrrys, Mr. R. hat 
this nmarkable (entMpeni : 

^* This prelate ffcms to have been one ef 
thole, of whom there lave been nunibers ia 
the Catholic Church, who think freely, but 
who do not a*^) confiileiiil>, who rtgujaiv 
the.r own p:ivatc condud by pripcipTes the 
moll viitnous and liberal ; but who, for rea- 
fons befl known to themfelvcs, adjult dlltlie 
pnh'ii: ineafvnes by e(\abli(bed rules of de- 
fjHirifm, which they inwnrdly diiapprove. It 
belong,*: to the gre.it Being alone to combine 
all the circumllances th;'r go 10 make up the 
met i: or dcmei t of fuch men; and to Him 
alone it mufl be left to pafs ttie definitive 
fcntence: — If thou doeft well, fbalt thou 
ni>t Wc aice|>ie.i } aiuS if thou 6uiL not welly 
fin heth at the door*' (p. 333). 

I he tiilc of SrrveLu^' chief work, 
"ChiiOiDn imi /^^iiA/ra." remindt u> of 
the HccbrtjIfafttsiiMg of the world, by his 
fol nwer^, in the pielent day. SeifCCttft 
put r\:ithcr his ow.^ Oi'me nor thai of the 
piHiiri [(^utioultj, nor of the place 
whcte it Mas prin'ef. CVieont]. It was 
executed fo fecietly, that no pcrfon in 
Viennc krewof :ti and both the priotcr 
and iKKjkltnrr were with difficuhv pie> 
veiled on t.^ iMiderrakeit. The fanious 
pa(la|!e cocii- .inintj; the eirtuiaiiom 9f lh€ 
h.'oodU in the fifrh hc<ok of the 6rft pin: 
JiU I biff us a j^ttiflro €ordis vemtncuh 
A*tetiM lotius iorp9ris deindt trohsfum^ 
dtiur, &:, 

The letrer of Calvin, ^i^ated for 
W:l.!am 'I ric, to his corretpondeot 
Arnie, at Iaoo^, coi^ta.ns the do^nncs 
revived in the prefcnt century, the Cer« 
tcru? Triniy, ihc idol CiiriXt, kc. &c. 



»793] 



Rmiw of NewPubUcathns: 



155 



" Mmt Juive pretended to apologize for Servetus' wordi, in Stndiuf, Bibl. 

Calvin: but who i$ John CiJyin, an.I what Antitrin. tre, " Summa fitmmarum ut 
are his miftrunn! ••••'- 

OPpRffiolli 

biu«d»-.< l.,n,! 5ervet,«WMmrt»fubjea ^,„,.„ ,^^, ^.^ j^^ ^ . ,./ J^,^. 

)hc uf Geneva, he hail conim It- , ^ a . 'J . 1 ^ ^• 



lui wiiu w jtinu ^.nvin, ami wnat Antitrin. tre, •• Summa fumma*um ut 

wftVuins which end in t)ranny ar.d f^as quo tendat animus mrus, exctttfi ilh 

\ H'at the great voiw of n.itiire „„i,^ Johannis ^erbodiu u rtVit fas f crip. 

drowned in the dm of a vain bah- .,.^^, ^ ^ ^ ../■-..- .j . /,. 1 /-!..; 0- 




chjirch, he wa<; an ufeful, an honourable, 
member of fociefy, he was a man of un im- 
peached morality, he was then the admira- 
tion of numbers of good JQ;!ges, who after- 
wards pleaded his caufe, fur (rom him pro- 
ceeded partly* if not wholly, the Umrariau 
Baprtft churche* in mod pans of Europe. 
Cadvia's hard heart never relented at the re- 
cole^'ion of this blo-xly .idtion. On the 
contrary* lie juitified it by publiihing, after 
the rXfrcutioH, a book, entitled, " A faithful 
•* Acr4Mjnc of the EiTors of Michael Serve- 
** tu^, with a ihon Confutation of them, 
•* m whicli it is proved that her«fy oujht to 
" be ret^rained with the iword." Scbafiian 
Caftilio* or Laelius Socinus, confuted this 
book. Bcza anfwered, and jollified tiie put- 
ting heretics to death. The |>opuIar clamour 
was £q grvat agaioil the judges, that CoUa- 
den, one of tJiem, tranuaied Beza's btx>k 
into Frendi, and printed it to |iacify- the 
people. Several endeavoured to fandify ijie 
crime by Scripture texi!» and godly woi ds, 
iDd many have aUempted aficr thefe exam- 
ples to do tlie fame. I'hey go To far f.ime 
of them as to attribute the del^ni^lioo of 
Serveius to a f|iecial providence of GckI. Is 
it ptjfllhle for enthufialls to fay more, anJ 
cao Llic nice ft critic teil wher^ill this diii*!:!^ 
from tliefpirit and the dyle ot the Papal in- 
«|uifition ? Writers liave not ngrre 1 in 
which cbMt of heietics to place this Spa-.iih 
phyriciany and it is hot the bufinefs of ih'S 
wotk to enquire ; for ihey are men of vn- 
tuc, not opini<initt5, \ii which this hillory is 
in pnrfuit. His'notionsof a Chriftian chuich 
were gre.it, and he protelled a{;ain(l all do- 
Biininn over confcience. fie was a con- 
fiimed Bapcift, and confidered the baptii'm 
of little infants in a Yeiy fevere and ferious 
ligliC He calls it a deteiiable abomination, 
an extinction of tlie fpirit of God, a defoln- 
tion of the church, a fubverfiun of the 
whole profeflion of ChrifHanity, an abohtloa 
cf that regeneration, which Chrift had inHi- 
luted, and the annihilation of li;s kingdom. 
, He thought none ought to be baptifed till 30 

Sn of age, after the example of Jefns. 
was a detertnined Unitarian, and lield 
the doArine of Trinity in abhorrence. He 
thought Jefus was a man, but, like Paul of 
Samofata, he could never get over the firft 



from the leil of the Unitarian^, who are 
now for the mo(^ pare diUinguilhcd by 
the name of Socinians. 342, 343. 

33. Sermant amd Trmyeri for Vrifins : to nuhich 
are added Prmyer* for the Ufe */" Prifoners im 

fsJiury Ccnfuumefit, By fobn Ibvwfter, 
M. A, CbapluiH to Lord Fifcouni Falkland, 
and Lcetkffr of Stockton upon lees. 
Stockton. 

THESE fermons are infcribed to 
the memorv of John Hoa^ard, efq. the 
p'ifunei's friend, a perufal of ^hoft tra- 
vels ynd benevolent labours ^ave life to 
a train of remiments which m this pub- 
lication the author h.13 attempted to pur- 
fuc. Wc commend his pra.fcworthy dc- 
fign, and heaitily wifh it m<«y be ieceivc4 
with iuccefs. 

34. Clrijiian Politics { or the Origin [of Fewer 
and GrciiMd of Sub^rdfrtn/Jon ; a Sermon 
f reached in the Parijh Church of All S.iints, 
NortlMimpton, on Suiulay, i>ept. 2, 179X. 
JjyWcn, Abutter, M A. ^Si. Mary Miig- 
d;den college, Oxford. 

Mr. A. vcrv properly expofes the fal- 
lacv of nxHiern Equaiitv. 

"The lowed and w orft of all forms of 
govcrnmtnt is the RefkblicM; in which 
pafiion and pride produce a (Irange aufl in- 
colierent mixture; wlieie r.M are willing to 
gitvern, and none to be governed; where 
are all ihs evils of tyranny without the re- 
fponfihil.ty of greatnefs of the reputation of 
gcodnefs ; where are manv ready to opprefs 
and infult, but none invefled with poiver 
i^d the prerog2itive of mercy; where th« 
people .ire deluded with the name of hbeny, 
whUft they groan under the levciefl tyran- 
ny of licentioufnefs, and are inl'ulteti by the 
loweft of the peoole. Whete i^ |xiwer to 
do mifchief, but no power to proteA the 
weak, to defend ttie worthy, or to punifh 
pidfpcr(>us iniquity 5 fuch ^ovrmmcnif. are 
conducted by fadlion inftead of law, by dif- 
order in!) ead of wifdom, by violonce inftead 
of jui\ice, by fnfpicion and fear inftead of 
energy and power.** — " There arc many a^ 
mongus who admire tfie French revolution. 



chiptor of St. John, and tlierefore fometimes ' th^Te ore many who wifh to introduce the 
called him God, and accounted for doing fo, fame dilorder arooiie ourlel^e& \ b\\\. \»« tmt 
by foine fublime fort of inhabitatiaii of this deceived { the Frchth bt^iv viVi^ tk^^^^"^ 



MSJitsma, 



«S6 



Xivinff ff Viw PuhPuat^nu 



[Feb. 



tain tlKy will not long honour the iT/iff.— Still 
the complaint returns, we want zReformatiofu 
Here 1 will join iffue with yon, and iay, w# 
do .'untnt a Reformation ; but where ? in the 
church ? the ftaic > the conditution ? nay, 
hut wc w.int a reformation in oorfclvcs, in 
our lives, aftciSlions, aiid converCatinn. Wc 
w.int more of Chriftian temper, more fu- 
briety of raind,.more rcfignation to the di- 
vine ^vill, more conlciiiinent in ourfelvcs, 
more integrity in bufmcfr., more vcraci'y in 
converfation, more honour and attt^Hiouafe 
regard in the conjugal life, more pijce, «.on- - 
lidence. and friendihip, among men Thcfe 
are real want*, but they arc wants which 
every man has it in his power !o retlrefs." 

" Thefyftem of modem equoliiy agrees 
with the condudt of the Ephefians t« wards 
Hermodorus, whofe fupremc merit fo of- 
fended his fellow citizens that they h.«ni(hcd 
him, and made the following decree, • Let 
DO perfon among us excel ihe reft { if fuch 
X man can be found let him depart and 
dwell eUewhere.* This was one mciluxl of 
lis veiling and preventing equality. 

34. r1 Charge iUliveted to the Clerpy of the 
Di(,irfe of Durii.im. Jt the primary f'i/'tuticn 
cfthat hioctft ifi tic rear iTf^l^ i^ Shute 
iMid Bi/hof c/'DiUlum. 
WE rccomnund 10 pcntral pcrufil 
tlie excellent advice contained in this ad- 
dref> to the cleiev < f the rich and cx- 
tcniive diocefe of Durham, 10 which its 
cUocefan maintaicsi the charaflerwc were 
induced to give 0/ him by that to his foi- 
mer diocefe of a primitive bifli 'p (v«>l. 
LIX p. 1025—1027). His Majciiv's 
p>ocUmation, the « ccurence? which gavt* 
rife to ijt, and the cooccin which she cler- 
gy have in it as civil magiflratcs and 
roiniitcrs ot rtli>»iou arc properly noticed. 
« The blcfiings of peace and profperity 
which diftinguidi this couutry from the reft 
of Eun>pe as much as the prefcnt day from 
former peiimls in its own hiflory, it might 
have been expelled, would huve precluded 
all grounds of difconu nt i yet this has-been 
the moment cliofen by our dumellic and fo- 
reign enemies for Iheir attempts to raife 
ideal jealoufies in the mindi of the people, to 
alienate their affections from the laws and 
conftitutiort of ihs country, to depreciate 
and vil»fy tbc principles on which it was 
•(VabliOied, and> in (hort, to deprive all na- 
tional experience of its authority, and all po« 
litical knowledge of the (bbility of tried and 
approved principles. Sagacious and pene- 
trating obfcrvei-s had watched the progrefs 
of thefecret machinations employed for thefe 
purpofcs, they had founded the alarm againft 
them, probably cffeaually, ihey had open- 
ly denounced thefe confpiracies againft the 
pubiicpexe Mod welfare ; but the people at 



perity and the fecurtty of Tieir rights, wert 
infenfible to thefe early admonitioDS, they 
were deaf to remonflances of which tbey Ml 
not the neceflity. Encouraged by tlie pub- 
lic acquiefcence, and tlie total revutfion of 
all political forms and principles in a neigh- 
bouring kingdom, our innov:«rm's openly a- 
vowed the mod antimovirchical fetiiimei»ts 
indulged the moft invidious ndmirtfion of 
fyftcms fubverfive of thoir tiwn governmenti 
haznrded the mod gnmndlefs projeAs, and 
bnilt their theories nor <ni tlie bafis of ex^ve* 
rience but on the viiions of experiment. 
Reform was the fijtn^l of innovation ; reform 
the im]H)ring habit which violence and felf- 
intered often alfume fn effeA their objeAs. 
It is much to be lamenteil that good princi- 
ples ftiould be capable of being pervei ted to 
pernicious purpofcs ; btit the lame xEi which 
repels a mifchievous meafure appe;irs to re- 
je^ the principle on which is was fmmded. 
Nothing can be more f:tluTary in itfelf than 
the principle of reform. Thch'»p»>y Conili- 
tuli«»n which we polfef has gradually growa 
to its prefeiit fymmetiy and beauty fptm a 
fucc^Tifion of reforms. The glorious revolu- 
ticn itfelf was but a reform ; it gave the 
people no new rights, it innovated no po« 
litiial principles ; but it prefaued the peqpltf 
with a more regular di^efl of their right! 
than they before poffclfcd, and fecured them 
by repofmg the adminlUrationof them in a 
family whofe princes hav« uniformly maile 
the Itappinefs of their people infeparble from 
their OMP. Put this falutary principle may 
lie injudicioufly applitd ; it may be partially 
diiciiled, or unfeaf.^nahly nfcd; it may ba 
applied on merely fp culative and impradt- 
cahle views ; it may be .applied for alteration 
without the means of amendment, for tho 
altera:i'>n of exiAing forms without any im- 
provement in principle ; ii may be applied 
for the pretended purfHjfe of ferving the 
caufe of ilie |>eople without the means of ad- 
ding to the dock of liberty any one fub* 
fifling right which they do not now pof- 
fef», or any fccurity fur thofe rights whicU 
the prefent laws have not am(4y providec*. 
It may be directed, n<iC to the good of the 
community, but to the interefts -of a fmall 
part of it ; it nuy be urged at undnfonable 
jundhires, which a concurrence of formidable 
and dangerous circumdances may render 
highly unfit for hazarding great and effiBC- 
tual changes in tlie conrfe «>f things. The 
mod viituous intentions require the con« 
current fitMefs of place :ind feafon. Tlief 
ought too to have a dear and definitive ob- 
je6l of reform ; a fpirit of indefinite reform 
is pregnant with nn infinity of mifcKief 1 it 
expofes the public mind to dangeroos im- 
preflions ; it promotes diCafleAion to the 
fubfiHing government ; it tends to encourage 
tumult and diforder ; and often degenerates 
brom the widi to reform and impfove to a 
softcf \ay% If cbangf indittMvaueiL'* 



»:53-] 



Rtview ef Nrm PuUiertiiHu 



»57 



His lordlhip recommends to his clergy 
to preach the doAnoes of bith without 
1« panting them from thofe of w«rk&. 

** All rlint diftiiign'iflies Chriftianity from 
other rehgimis is do^inal ; a.Cliriftian's 
Impe^ and cmifobitMMis, his ohlig:(tions :tnd 
Bititive*, are di>Ariiial poiiits; the very 
means and end uf liis (iilvation, tlie many 
obje^ of his mod eaineft iiiteiuion are 
all points of faith and duArine. Dived 
Cliriilianitv of its (aV\ and Uodlrines, and 
vuu de^imil ii i>f Mt t\i<n is peculiar to it In 
Ss mociveSy it's con fobr ions, its r<in<5lions, and 
its duties. Ytm diveft it of a! I that mailc 
jievfiLition nc<e(r.iry ; you redure ic to the 
cold and inefle6lual fuhftsMce of what is 
cUIed Phili>fo|»hy ; that philufup'iy whicli 
Ins of Lite (hewn itfcif not the friend of re- 
ligion, learning, and civil order, but of a- 
u^irhy, conceit, and otheifm ; you reduce it 
to ilie iibfcure glimmerings of human know- 
lei*gi! } that knowlctlge which tV.e greeted 
of tf-e antient philoCcplitis conlcileJ to be 
totjiiy infutficirnt to far:-f>' ilie doubts and 
f(ui*citLide of an enquiring mind, and looked 
lurward with a kind of proplietic exultation 
to itie peiiod wlwn Divine Provitlence, m 
cumpallion to the w er'knefs of onr natnrCi 
fliouki enligritrn mankind by tl>c revelation 
of himfcif, which modern philofophers re- 
ject" P. 18—19. 

His lorofliip proceeds to define religi- 
ous indru£tion, p^rricularly in paro- 
th;al conprev!aTion»i. in th*^ furjrd, //i;?- 
guo^e, tjM\form, of if; a> d lecommcnds 
deiAiiing and cxp>>uniling iu fcrmons fuc- 
cclTive portions of fcnpt jr<r, in the fr)nn 
of paraphrafc and iruOntiiDn, t!ic advnn- 
tai^et of wlitch nxidc he ;il^ty details. 
•• The faithful di(chHr»:e of a mini(Ur*s 
duties wil! enfuic refped'^t and ilte ten- 
dence *and habitual intcicouife which 
that fidelity implies will add ^Hc^tion to 
lltt charaQer." P. at). 

The Cuarge conclude^ with advice to 
caodidaics for Itoly outers. 

* 

'36. j1 Vifcriftrve yf.cwrit of a Dffcfnt made 
inf Pen Park Hole, m tU Paiijh c/ Weft- 

■ bury upon Trim, in the dunty of Glou« 
cefter, in the Timr 1775, mwfitjt puhlijhed\ 
nvftieb is addeJ a Ctfpet'fltt*' Engrat'fng 
af fifit remMrkahle C.ivf^n ; n/fo the Narra- 
rivet ^ Caftaim Srurniy * and Collins, rwi- 
iumng their Defcritfiats of the fane in the 
Tears 1669 emd 1 6«i f . By George Symes 

THE melancholy circumflance of the 
lev. Mr. Newnam falling init* this ca- 

* He died of a fever ciur;hc in the furvey. 
t PiiblJQMd in Fbil. Tranf. No. f^j. 



vern March 17, 177$! is here repeated tf 
having excited the public curionty, Mr. 
C. tnade two difivrcnt furveys of . it 
within a month after the accident, and 
fiiund that the mouth ruos neatly EaO; 
and Wefi, 35 feet by 14, and is, if we 
may fo fpeak, bedridden by a large afh 
tree, whofe roots reach from the North 
to the South bank, 12 yards below the 
furfacc, a fmaller cavity runs WeAward. 
The entrance is deep for about 17 feet^ 
and the roof in fomc places not 3 fc:ec 
liijy;h. About 30 feet loaer is a large 
cavern 00 each fide the i(.<i k ) that on trie 
Wed running 30 foet long, and 8 or 10 
broad at the entrance. Frrm theie ca* 
vrrns you defcend a deep of 30 or 40 feet . 
to the bottom s the whole didance 10 
wlticlt from the top when the water is 
low l>cing about 100 feet.' The lower 
Wed cavity runs 78 feet io tengrh by 16 
in hicpdih, and another to the Eid near- 
ly fimitar. The depth of water at the 
bottom of the hole is in many places 7 or ft 
fathom, and in a dry fcafon n< t more than 
one. There is a lateral cavity alwut 120 
feet Eafl of Pen park hole, eader of ac- 
ctfs, and at 13 yards from the fui face 
dividing into two brancbts* Two letters 
from the late Dean of Exeter approving 
the author's relearches are fubjoined. An 
accurate plan by Mr. William White, 
very different as well as that hire given 
from that engraved in the Philofophical 
Traalatftions, may be feen in Rudder. 

37. -.-y Letter f the Veofle ff Ireland, ar/tw 
the inteutied Apfl/cution tf the Roman CW-^ 
th-^fict to Fartiantentf for the E>ereife of tbs 
eletlti:e Franehifa, From William KnoX 

MR. K.. has been introduced to the 
acquaintance of our readers on, two for- 
mer occalioiiS as a writer onccci«-fiadical 
and poiicical matters, vol. LIX. 1419 
93 X. In a pamphlet he publifhed in 
1777, entitled: CmfiJifatiom 9ntbe State 
of In/am^f which at that time cfcaped 
us, he undertook to prove that the righc 
of Ireland to all the privileges of Eng* 
liflimen on the ground of being §ne pt§* 
fie with them I but, (ince the Iillh were 
cm ibat ground admitted into a partici* 
pation in the Colony trade and dfiieries, 
they thought tit to turn the rabies upon 
Ef^gland^ and declare themfelves an inde- 
pendent kinyrdoin, on which account he 

X See Rudder's Glouced;er(hire, 796 ; 
the Briltol and Hotwell Guide ; our vol. 
XLV. 20 1| X50 \ C^undfttC^ ft^^ i, x']^ 



iS« 



Rimtw tf Nnu PuUiattuHM, 



fFeb. 



BOW pronounces they canjtnt lay claim nefl caufei and wlien the inflnimeDtf 
to all the privileges aud ad? aDia|res of employed are not prcrtoufl^ dipped io 



Engliihmtn. By a natural confcquencc 
of independent and fcparate kingdoms* 
Mr. K. recommends, that the Culiulic^, 
who are three to one in it, fliould be ad- 
mitted to f (hare in the gorcroment. In 
the mean lime he thinks it would per- 
haps be prudent to'coDBnc their icqueft 
for the elective franchife to (uch quali- 
fied voters as can read the Lord's prayer 
io Eoglifli when they come lo vote ; and 
if that ibould be found a fufiicicnt in- 
ducement for all who arc able to put 
their children to fchool, it would pro- 
duce a happy effed. The fum ot the 
whole is, Mr. K. wiibcs for an Union 
of Ireland with England, which he 
planned, 1778, as appear^ from his date 
papers above referred tu. 

in a Poftfcripi Mr. K- more eamcftlv 
recommends the defireu conceiTion 10 the 
Irifli Catholics. 

The lift of publications annexed to 
the pr.fent announces Mr. K.. as a vo- 
luminous and ready writer. 

3?. Jf Letter frfm the lOfbt lUmwahle 
Charles James Fox to thr hVorthy and InJt- 
fendvtt EU&ort %f thr City mil Uhetty of 

Weftminiler. 

THE novelty of Mr. Fox appearing 
as a writer could nor fail to nccite miuh 
curiofuy. Accordingly we find that his 
letter has aUcarlv rt^ctied t)iC c!evcmh 
edition. Ic is writt n in a manner « cry 
diflPcreoc from what moA readers nii^ht 
have been inclined lu cxpeA fiom th< pen 
of this great orator. It is nuitltcr ma''*'- 
ed bv torcible inve£Hve, nor brilliant de- 
clamatiop. It profelles as its obje^ to 
remove tl^ofe nifconeeptions and mifrc- 
preieoutioos, which had taken place with 
tefpe£V to the (iifl'crtnt motions which he 
had ma:tc in the 6rft days of the lelhon i 
and for this purpofe dates with the ut« 
moft perlpicuity and fimplicity of lan« 
pruage what wa^ the prectlc nature and 
cxt nt of thole motions, and what were 
the motives and arguments upon which 
they were founUeu. The temper with 
which it is written, fo unufual in pohti- 
cal diiicuHion, def^rves much praifej and 
the fimplicity of the ftyle atfords an ad- 
mirable contraft, to that falfe lafte with 
which mod modem writings arc infe£^ed. 
Wc fdTbear to give any extracts from a 
publication, which is already in the hands 
•f every body« 

39. tu Bavlad. Amw Edition, 

SATlIl£f whcA cxcrcifcd ioaaho* 

■ 



the venom of fa: (hood, may prove of 
great evenrual benefit. Of the prcfent 
p-rforniance we fliall only remark that 
it h replete with malignity and faiflioed* 
it cert4inly contains m.irks of a itron^ 
mind, hut of a mind alfu whofc delights 
we cannot cnvv« and wlicfe fr.cadfliip we 
ihould dread — 
Hie lugir tfli bunr lu, R§MUUi, cmmitt* 

40. Infam SaMjstiofi, an FJpay^ to frwe tbt 

od/vatiom of nii %vho die in Imfaitey* 

THE writer of this lingular tra£t is 
doubtiefs a well-meaning man. It is a 
qucfltou to which there will pmlMihly he 
found hut few opp<»lcrs. The motive of 
the publication is the Confolation of be- 
reaved Parents. If theic he any parents 
wl'O ei;tcrrain unexfy doubts upon the 
fubje£t, this ira6^ will probably fatis!y 
and fodtb them. 

41. The Narcotic and Privatt TUatrit^lu 
Two DrMnatic Pteca. By James Powell^ 
^ tl}e CuHom houfe. 

IF thefe were compofcd for ih.e pri- 
vate aroufement of the author, ai.d prin- 
ted to circulate among his frien(i»i, wo 
have ooihing to fay againft fo innocent a 
motive. TTiey certainly have 00 man- 



ner of claim to 
publick. 



the attention of the 



41. Dramatic DiuU^et fur the Uje of yaM)| 
Pcrjom. By the .-iutbor of the BiiMdCLtd. 

W'E have befoie had occaiiun to fpealt 
of this writer as entitled to conliderahW 
refpe^t. Our cHeem and good opinion 
is materially incteafcd by the prelenc 
work. Wc may venture to recommend 
it as a very ufeful book for children, in* 
culcating the punft morality, and wrttteo 
in a f^miliari and by no means inelegant 
fiyle. We trull th# laljours of the au* 
thoi will not here ceafe, but will conti« 
nue to t>e direfied to the noble end o\ 
national inflru6lion, and confcc^ueotly of 
national benefit* 

43* Religion amd Loyalty \ m Stnmm. By 
Charlei Stuig*^ M. A» Printed ct the 
the RtfU'J offtmerai refpe&able lmbakit0Mi» 
of the Parijb of St. Mary's Reading. 

THE motive which induces the pob* 
lication of thefe and fimilar difcourles it 
in the higheft degree amiable. We ap« 
prove of thcoi aUogeiher. It is hardly 
confident with the ipirit or profielHoo of 
criticifm to be extreme to mark the de* 
h€i% of what is principally ioteoded for 



the uolcrfboahiffft of die cominon peo- 47. Difcmrfti en feagrci Suhjeat. By Robert 
pte. The abovt it a Icnfible compofi- FUmmg, K A M LoiHlon,^«W>r 
boo, and well calculattU for ih« tml to Andr. Bell, -f rA. Bihle and Crofs Keys 

HAVING given in our lil^y p. 8, t 
^^.Oifitthell^rf^thelmtnieetmpli/hedattd fmall exira£l from this curious volumep 
le LouiU HiinMay. ^ Mn, Robinfon. containing a predi^^ioo of what was t9 



-„« . . ^ .^ a i- r -I, happen to the French Monarch about 

WE ha^e before had occifiont.fpeak, ^J^ f^„^ j^d . ^^ h^..^ fi^ce re 

and lo cecms of eftetmandpraile ot this ^ »^^ ^^ enquiries on the fubjea, 

il abiliucs. 1 his tribute of ,Ja„^^\ .« „:.- , -««,-\,., 



lady's poetical 
tcflderncts will by nomeani» dimiailh her 
claims upon us and the publick. We 
fui»join I he following fpectnien : 

" When o'crthc worltl black Midnight fteals, 
And evciy eye in temporary deaih, 
Exliaollcd Nature kindly feals, 

When on tlie confine of the grave, no 

breatii 
Afiails eold Meditation's ear, 
Frieodlhip ihall cUi(jp Uty urn, and drop a 
• Silent teai'. 

" There Refigoation, pcnfivc, fad, 

Shall plant around ihc buds ot Spring, 
And innocence, in fitowy vcllmcnr cla ', 
The dews of Heaven Ihill Icaiter liom 
her wing, 
And there ih dl weeping virgins throng, 
And there Religion's holy fong, 
In foft v;brati(in& round the fli' inc (hall die. 
To emuUte oii e^rili tlie mnilli «.!» of the iky." 

* 

4 c. y^ Set men an the Nature mnd GhiigtUion of 
'J-Mth in tU A/y/tM^i c/" Rnealeu ticligian. 
Breached at the tanjh U^u-cb oj IaUc;Utei, 
9n Trinity Sunday t i79»» 

THE wiiter of thi* fermon infifts 
priDCipaily for his proof of ihe m\nciy 
which he » indicates, on the w i -knuvvu, 
but difputcd ttxcot I Joim, v. 7 Iti 
tcit may not perhJj;i l.c aircgtMic! .e 
ccfliiry for the purpolc 10 which it has 
been k> lei^^^oiy applied ^ b t in ll 
certain it is that the writer ul the piibli* 
catKui before us had never f'co iVli. I'or- 
iou*kicpty to ArchdeaconTiavis. 

46. j1 Sdefiiwij from tbtllarteiaii MifceVanyof 
Traits which frincipally regard the Englijh 
Hi/:»'y i 0/ which many are referred to hy 
Hume. 

TliE title fufiiciewly explains the 



thai we aic induced to gi?e a more par- 
ticular account of rhe Difcourfe^. 

fn the firf^ of them, intituled, " Aa 
Ep:t!o!ary Difcourle; conraining, bcfides 
other inci<Unul Matters, a new Rcfolu- 
tinn anri Impiurcimnr, both theorttical 
and ptaAtcal, ct .he {{rand Apocalypti- 
cal Qut-tiion, conctming tiic Rife and 
Fall o\ R«nie Papal," Mr. F. cndcavoura 
to pro'-c mat tiit kiogdcm of the Papal 
Ant.ciiiin, i^hich began in 75S, will 
coni.nue 1260 prophetical years, i.e. 
ot 3^)0 da>« each, and' therefore will ez- 
piie cxa£^lv in the \cai 1000, when the 
Mull mum will commence. He then 
pioccciis to improve this refolution of 
tlu c|ueflion ; tiiQ, wi:h itfpcdt to •* the 
uniidd.ing of the Apocnlypt'ca! times and 
pcrou^.'' And here he ^iv^k a geneial 
iccoun. of the connexion of the three 
(epieiiaries of feals, trumpets, and vials* 
in the Revelation of St. John. 

«< The Seven Seals," he fays,- " relate ta 
the ChriAian chai ch dui ing the ftate of Uw 
Roman Lmp re. 

*< Thi- Seven Triumphs give an account 
of the Aate of the church in relation to the 
giacual incteafe of her Antichriftiati cti^ 
mies. 

^ The Seven Vials are the laft Plaguei 
and Juiigenr<ents on Rome Papal. The 
tiun)|M:b> raifed Aiittchriil up: the Viab 
mull pull him down. And as the Viala 
fuppofe a ilrug^le between the Popifh and 
Kefurroed Parties, every Vial is the cnn- 
dudon of foroe new period ic;il ;iitack of die 
hilt (^arty upon the other, the ilfue of which 
proveb at leiig:h favourable to the latter 
again H the former. 

*« 1 he firrt V al be fuppofes to have begua 
with ih« Kefoi mtitton. 

*• The feconO an. 1 566. 

«* The third an. 1617. 

•< i lie tourih at or a little after the year 



Ue^ioo. '^4^* ^^ ^^'^ Peace of Munfter, denoting 

K-f— ' - .^.,1,. „ «^n,Ki» in the Wars that followed that Peace, with 

It is arranged as nearly as polhble n ^^^ .^^^^^^^^j occurrences. 1 he Sun an4 

chronological order, and contan^i about ^^^^^ Luminaries of He.ven are the etn- 

a filth part of the whote Mifcellanv j ^j^^^^ ^^^ p^„^^ ^^^ Kuiguoms. And the 

winch )S now beconie (carcc, and conle- ^^^\^^^ ^ut of this Vial on the S'ln (Rev. 

qucDtly dear. We think ilie p an a very ^^^j^ ^ j denotes the humiliation of fome emi- 

good oiiei and Ihoulci like to fee the ^^^^^ Potentates of the Romilh interefti 

ubcr cUlTcs in i&kc manner coilcAcd aad which mult he principally the houfes of 

amogcd. Auftria and Bomboni tliough not exclufive 



i6o 



Riview 9/ New PuklicdtUns. 



[Feb. 



of other Popilh Princes. We fee (fays the 
autlKy) thts vial has already taken place in 
darkening the glory of Kiog James (wtiom 
tlie PapilU expe^ed great C4)iiquin& fioiu) 
by the hand of King WiUiam ; by whom 
alfo Ood put a Hop 10 the career of ihe 
French monarch in his conquells in V landers 
and on the Rhine. And we fee it fuiU^r 
poured out in tlte eclipfe of the Aulhian 
family I by the lofs of Spain and iisilq)endei:t 
principalities, as alfo in defeating the wicked 
de6gns of the three confederdte moiurdiSi 
of Poland, Denniai k| 9nd RnUia. 

<* Having thus marked out the time pre- 
fent," he fays, *< 11 is time aUo to pui an 
end to our apocalyptical tltoughts; feciiicr no 
man can pretend, upon any juft ground-, to 
calciUate future times. However, feeing I 
have eome fo far, t itaall adventure to pre- 
fent you fuilher with (bme cinijeAuial 
thoughts on this head, for I am fa: friiin the 
prefumptidn of fonie men, to give tl»em any 
highei' chat a6ter. 

<* And, firft, Kt to the remaining part of 
this Vial, 1 do humbly fuppufe tliat it will 
come to its liip;hell pitch ahont an. 171-, 
and that it will 1 un out about the year 179;. 
The reafoKs for the firft conjedlure are (wo. 
T!ie firft is, becaufe I find that the Papal 
kini;doni got a confiderable acceOion to its 
power upon the Roman Wefteni Empiic's 
being deitroyedan. 4759 to uhich tl>c Hf; u!i 
Aicceedetl tlie year following, nod the Ollm- 
Goths afterw;ird. Now if from this le- 
mukahle year we begin the calciil:ition of 
the 1 160 years, they lead us down to an. I7i5» 
^hich in prophetical account is this very 
year 17 17. The fecond is, bocaufe this 
year leads us down to a centrn;iry Resolu- 
tion. For is it not obfervable that John Huis, 
and Jerora ot Fr;igue (to run this up no fur- 
ther) u ere burited an. 1717; alter which 
tlie true religion iu Bohemia and other places 
was more and more oblcured and fuppreifed 
until that famous year 151 7^ when Luttier 
aiofe, and gave the Refomiaiion a new re- 
iorre^un : according to tlut remaikablu 
prediction of Jerome of Prague, <* Centum 
aunis revolutis Deo lcfpondebitl^: & mihi," 
which the Bolieniians afterwards lliimped 
upon (heir coin as tht^ir motto. From which 
vear (tie Reformrd interell did ]\ill increale 
(whatever p.4rticiil:ir flops aT>d troubles it 
nint vwith) till the year 1617; about which 
time tlie German and Kohemian wars began 
to bre:ik uvit- And it is but too obvious 
what a'l ebb hath followed fmcethat time to 
this, liotwithftandlng tlie pouiing out of ilie 
fecond, third, itnd fiturtli, Vials. So tliat there 
I*' groiiin' lit hii|»ey thar,ab(»ut the beginitiHg 
of aiuxner tuUi ceiiiuiy, things in;>y again 
altet for cue better: for I cannot but hii|Ms 
thai fome new mornticaCion of the chief 
lupporters of Antitkrift wdl then happen ; 
and perhaps the French Monarchy may begin 
to hr. Cfiifnltfrjbiy iiuniblofl about that time ; 
Umc wiMn ttdt the pnfeiu Franch king [l^)ui^ 



XIV.1 tifkes the Sun fiir hi^ emblem» and 
if.ii foi his motto, "Nee pluri^'us impar,* 
lie n;.i> it Icgth, or n-ther hi*; fncreitbi-Ss 
and the monarchy iifelf (.1/ /ra^lejcrf eheyemr 
1794) ^ forced to s«:kiik'Wledge, iti.ii (in rc- 
fpe4^ toneiglihounng I'cten ates) lie is even 
** fingulis im|»:ir." 

•* Put a*- 'o tlie expiiidion of this Vial, I 
do feat *l will not be until (he \cAr i~94« 
The rc:!f<Mi of w' u'h coiijediuie is this; that 
1 fnur.d the Pi'pe got a nr»r founc'ation uf 
exaltitiun, ^Irn JuOinian, upon his coii- 
qiieA i^f lialy» left it i n a great menfurc to 
the Popes nnn.igK.i.ent, ben g uiUing to 
eclipfe hi$ own autiion-v, to advaire that of 
his haughty PreLitv. Now this t>eiug in tl)e 
year ^^i ; thif, hy the addilinn of tlw 12^ 
y^nrs, reaches to ih-. year i^ii ; which, 
according to prophdical account, is rtie ye.«r 
1794. Aid then J do fuppcife the f-urtii 
Vial will end, :ind thi' fihh commence, by a 
new moitific.iii,>n of tl.e J'apacy, after limits 
Vial has hilled 14'^ years." See moiT, p. 68^ 

The author add«: fooie fuitlier con- 
Je.^uiLS. Aiiiung them is t^e fullowir|; 1 

'* If any eiKpiiie whrtl.er the Sun of the 
Popifh kingdom i>^ iif! lo hoeclipf::d birafelf 
at lengtli ; 1 nwd pofitively ^ihcrt, he will : 
elfe this Vial were not a ji:dgement upoti 
him and the Romifb party. But if yet 
a^iiin the q.el^ion ht-, when tl.is i^ to fall 
out and how ; 1 mun (ell you, that I have 
n«thing fuiiher toadi- ko uhati liave faid 
as to time. But as to the manner, how this 
is to be done, our text dues lay a fonndsitinn 
c»f fome more d:Clin6^t th(»ughis. The»efort,m 
tlic fourth and laft place, v^e m.iy ji:llly iup* 
pitft , fli t tie Fuj.cti nioiiai ch}, alter it has 
torched otl ers, wiH Ulcif confumeby doing 
fo; It:: fire, :a;d tliai \%hichbthe fuel tltat 
maintains it, wafting infenfibly, till it be 
exhiufted at lalt towards the end of this 
century, a<: the Spnnifh moo..rchy did befdret 
towards the end of the fixteenth age." 

We (bail conclude rh«s article with a 
flitrrt quotation from Lacy's*' Ptophetic 
Warnings, Lond. 1707,'* pan II. p. 4a. 

" ^'e5 J that Veriailes, which tlion hall 
mide for the gloi7 ctf thy namcsi 1 will 
throu ro the f round, and all your infolcnt 
infcnptions, figures, abominable pictures* 
And I'aris; Pans iL't imptnal city I will 
:.tlhcl it dieadtully. Ves; I will afRiA tha 
RovjI Family. Yes, I will avenge the 
iniquity uf tlie Ku*g upon bis Gnu.d-chiV- 
dien." 

48. 7/v gamine Ttec rf Uhcrty \ tr ihe K»>«/ 
Ofik 9j Grc.'it Biiiaio. Ly tU Aofc W. 
Hctt, W. .U. 

TH£ author of this Oiatiop (for fuch 
it is, and not a Seimnp) if we mifiaka 
nor, IS one of the Stnioi Vicars of the 
c<iiiM:d\tl u Liuculoi but liic icct.nienis 



1 793-] Reviiw (f Niw Puhlications. t6i 

of loyalty here tranfmitted to the preft *' Bretliren, (ays he, and neighbours, the 

wcw delivered by him, not in his ecclefi- taxes are indeed very heavy ; and if thofe 

ndical captcity, but at an individual of liid onus by government were the only ones 

« a meeting of his MajcRy's roott taith- ^^ *»^ 'o pay, we might more eafily Uif- 

ful and lovat fuhjeas at the Guildhall of ^^^^"^ ^™ J »>"^ ^« have many ottjen^, 

the city ot Lincoln. Dec. 19, 1791." S)** """"*' TJ^- S'"'*"''"' /° ^°"*'. ,f "Z' 

Of the Monarch who (o contclTrdly We ate taxed tw.ce^ much by cmr,^^^^^ 

. r . I J -1 »r tr J three times as much by our prule, and four 

dcfcrvcs, and fo emsnentlv polftflcs, the jj^„ ^ ^^^^ ^^ ^,^ ^,,,j ^^^^ j?.,,^ j,^^^^ 

affiaions of a frtc and hkppy Naiion, taxes the commil\ioi>ers cannot eafe us by aU 

Mr. Hett layi, lowing any abatement."— «• Before any one 

" In his priv:«e chara6ier, our mod gra- (fays Mr. H.) exclaims againft the taxes im- 

cious Sovereign holds up to his (ubjcdks a pofed by government, be would do well to 

model of every fecial, of every Chiiftian inform himfelf whether ihefc mentioned by 

viitue. He is a kind husband, a tender pa- honell Richard Saunders be not the real 

rent, an«l a faithful friend ; a zealous advo- caufe of his diflatisfaAion." 

catc for the advancement of the Chriftian Mr, H^jj 5|juj concludes : 

?l!l!i^'L"^i!lr^!rf ^"^'^'^^'^ 1^.tfT " *^^'« have heard much of planting the 

JT^ Let ihofe, 'i»'0J.rc/<>rw,%** '"^ tree of liberty in this kingdom! Th? tree 

tprcntbe,rmuuU.saga.nft their UwM ^^ ,.^ /j^^ and i^iained in its 

reign, pra«ifc rt>e fame vn tu«, and be filent. ^^^, \;^^ ^ ^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^, -^ 

In hic pubhc cpMity, he has ever mam- the natural prodie of thisifla^d, has takrn 

feftedhimfclf ready to adopt and 10 pot uito j^ ^^ jj, it 3„d has brought forth a.i 

«xecaCKin iliofc piaiis, for the happincls and abundance of noble and generous fruit ; the 

(I« irf^«»Uge of h« fubieas, which have v^-ealth, the feairity, and the liberal and in- 

been before digefted, and are fuKm.tied to dependent fpirit of individuals, together ^vith 

his approbation, by his good and fa.ihful the profperiiy and honourable cltimaiinn of 

Miif. iors : and the fupcnor excellence of n.^ comhiunity in which it has flourilhcd. 

ihefe plaiib cinnx be belter afcertamcd than wiiat our Gallic neighbours recommend to 

by their eftc«s in promoiins and exaltmg ^ ^„^ the above fpccious title U the wUd, 

tlie kinadnm i.f Greal Bniam above all the uncultivated ftock of licenlio-ifnefs ; the 

natiQiis of the earth. Our mlemal peace is genuine produce of which is anarchy, ra- 

io firmly ro^ed, tliat, were it not for tlie pjnc, murder^ and every evil whicli can 

malicious eflbrts of the faaious, and the harrafs and diftrefs human foc.ety. To che- 

Akwtfemed amongft us, eViery man, in the rjfh and to protca the growth of this iiidige- 

charromg Liiiguage of Scrij>ture, might live „ous tree of liberty, improved and melio- 

laWy under his vine and under Ins fig-tree, rateii by cuUivatioa, this original royal oak 

«»loying the fi-uits of his own IkmicA in- of the foil, is the intention of this rclpefta- 

dullry, and laying up a mtiderate provifion ^le meeting." 
fur his dear dcfcenJants. Our external pioi* 

perity is of tliat exicnfive nature, that Great 5 ija ,f Premiums tffered by tit S'^iety f.r 

Britain is, at this time, tlie emfofium of the ,1^ Imtfwment of Naval ^-ircbtutlmV. T. 

world. Tliat which the proud imperial ^hich n anmxtd, an ^ccottnt c/.Vr. John 

Rome «incc boafted Ihe liad elftaed by the ^^^^^ MttMtf f.ubph.g the Fiogfej.d' Fire 

force of arms, the fubjugation of all nations ^^ j^^^j ^j ^^^,, iihputcd hy un P.n^ra^ 

Grcjt Britain 1ui& really atcomplifhed by the ^^ 
fir more humane and le(s deftmd^ive efinrts 

of induftry and fail-dealing. She lias bmught WE congratulate the puhlick on the 

Aout this noble Dwqiieft by the indcf.iiiga- progrefs of this txccllent inrtitution ; 

Ue exertions of her hwbandmen and me- and are happy to anuounce the vrrv 

claiLcs ill the improvement of the agrictil- luD<!l'ome ptvniiuins >Ahtch they have of- 

tveand tlieaits of this iilund ; and by the fcrcd to the publick. 

caicrprizing and liberal Ipirlt of her nicr- _.. ,1^11 1 r - .1 - u-n. 

eh*.'; wlSexi»ertherprodu^lio.»s,naiur.l , ?' The gold medal, or locl for thebeft 

»iartWial,toevc,ycii;artcroftheglobe- f-nes of experiments wuhdedncW^ 

' ' * ** ding titalctrrtam the laws of riiiitunce or 

Soire peitincm remarks are intioducsd water to inXvA% of Jitfe^ent form>, in all vu- 

ttithe excellence of our Con!litu:ion ; rieiics rf ciicuroftance*. A rtatcmm* is 

M on the ncctflity tf tajtaiion for the requj-cd of tltc reipc^bve dimenlions and 

Corpofe of general fecuritv I on v\Ijich velocities ma^lcuia of in the cxpeiiniems. 

eadhecffets to connderaiion the fol- , »• l^je ftlver meilal and twenty guineas 




Gejit. Mac. Frlrtfarj, tj^j» -^^ T>a» 

9 



l62 



RiviiW ffNtW PuUkaiipnSn 



[Feb, 



3. The gold medaly or fifty guitie^isa for 
the bed plan, without any coufulenMc il'i- 
mimuion of the ftrcngth of a lhip*s ain- 
ftrudlion, or her capacity for (towage, to 
make fulUbodied (hips, particularly when 
lightf weather ry, that v, deviaie or fall off 
tlie leaft from Uie diredlion of their lutendeU 
courfcs. 

4. The gold medal and fifty guineas for 
the bed and moft pradlicalile method of free- 
ing (hips from water, either by manual la- 
bour, or any ot}ier natural agent. 

5. Tlie gold medal, or thirty guineas, 
for the bell metliod of afcsrtainiug the re- 
I'ptdlive fituation, due proportion, and num- 
ber 0/ ihe refpective mad and yards, fuita- 
blc to veirds of every claf'; and defcripiion. 

6. The filvcr medal and twenty guineas 
for I'.c niiid immediate and exi^ditious me- 
ihnd ^'f lloppingthe progrefs of fire, on board 
of fliip - *. 

7. Tlis filver medal and twenty iruineas 
for ihc heft and moft ready method of fa- 
vinr; a Ihip when by any accident ihe may 
be id : mm- lent danger or i'liucing. 

$. T:ij filver medal and twenty guineas 
for f c b;:ll and mott rea^iy metiiod for »«?- 
Cur.iif; mafaziiieo, lazarectof, (lore aiul (p\- 
rii room;, and other dangerous places, ftom 
takiiip: i\re on board of (h<ps. 

9. I He 2'^id medal and twenty gunioens 



fcript of the celebrated Author* with 
two Appendixes, feveral Documents, 
various Readiogs, fome Notes, and a ne- 
cclfary Index : by G. H. Martini. 8vo. 
675 p'^es, bciide the Preface and lodcz. 
1790. The learned reader koows that 
Moiheim has meniioned a treatlfe on the 
bc^hards and beguines as nearly com* 
plcied. by him : but as more than thirty 
years had elapfed (ince his deifh» there 
remained little hope of its publication. 
On the death of the au'hor's fon, the ma- 
nufciipt fell into the hands of the editor, 
who btflowed fome pains on it, to render 
it more complete, and ceruiply dcferves 
our tiianks tur what he has done. The 
author's etymology of the name» from 
the old German btggtUt * to pray wiih 
zeal and pei (eve ranee,' has already btea 
wvll receiTtd ; but the origin of the fed 
has cfcaped all the refcarchcs both of him 
and his editor* The female fe£l, or that 
of the bejjuincs, was the elder ; but few 
traces of it are to he found previous to 
the twelfth century ; in the thirr<:eDth 
V. was ipread over all Europe. About 
the year 1240 a (e£l appeared at Cologne, 
under the fame name, but cfTentially dif* 
fcrenc, avowing opinions declsredly ini« 



for the Ltd me:hod of con(lni6ting made- ' mical to thoCe of the church of Kome, 

and conunding foi * a certain freedom of 
thinking.' The hiflory of thefe people 
it very ubfcuie : but in 1306 a fevere c- 
did was ilTned againll them, under the 
appellation o£ ^/y^arr/i, by the aichbi- 
(hop cf Cologne; and in it u ere included 
Come other {c£larics, by the name of 
ap9fiUs. They weie perfccuied in vari- 
ous places, till abou: the middle of ihe 
hfte nth ceniury, when they feemtohave 
b<:cn externrinated. Jo France they were 
known by the name cf turtufins* Mr. 
M's fiifl appendix is a fupplcmeot to 
Mo(heim, and reachts from p. 48 1 to p. 
615 : then follow decrees tf council' » 
britfs, and ordinances cif popes and oihcr 
bilbops, SiC. Jen. Allg, Lii. Ztit. 



n^alt,, io as to combine the greateit ilei^ree 
ot (ti jo^ih with all potlible li^htnels. 

ir. Tiic geld medal, or rhir(y guine.is, for 
911 invention of a machine the bell ada|>ted tt> 
tlif. various furchafes required on boaid of 
(hip«. either by an improvement of ttie 
r.Aptlu!is and windlail'cs now in ufe, or by 
((.i-ditoting fome better anu more applicable 
ir.\cntl<>n. 

II. Ships boats being very liable to be 
(luve, particularly in cafes of emergency , Uy 
whic'i liuny lives am endangered; tWe foci- 
•Cy oil ;r itie gold medal^ or thiity guineas, 
for a boat, or di'awing 01 model of one, fo 
• .onurucl^d .IS to anfwer all the purpolrs 
<•( iliofc now lu ufe, as tig^'T, pnd at the fame 
^iiiit LJ.e lead iub>e6l to the accident above- 
invniioned' 

C;!!>iiid ue; to deliver in t'leir papers (free 
nf p«>f\.ij«ri on or lisfo/e Oct. i, 1793, to 



II)'. -i.l, 



^ - ... Kr.»v.ubjnl:, the ftcietary, No. i, 
K%j\ r'j'.U-lli e» r, in the Strand. 



FoRiKiV Lll ETARV 1 NT ELLIO BNCK. 

i.EriSic. J Law, a Mojttim^ &c, 
Jt Hr^hikran H K.!^ui*tabus Commenta- 
rj.iJ. t?<". An Account of the Bt^hards 
r. iJ Wr'-uinc^t by J. L. iMo(heim,Criaii. 
kr trv <,t li.c UnivMlJry of Gottingcn : a 
K' ,:n.{.;.t, puhli»>(rt from the IVtai>u- 

' \\j ..: . I>aj«py to r.dd, that this lib=r.il 
ittiii lu.. .;!; .;;uly juikii'ctfd one very ut'clul 
1-. !i:.:i, wI-IlIi iii.dl be giveu allonge, 
Ik ;;. . .; ; ■/ i.'f^ ;/j cuf tiexL £ Ul T. 



Errata in Vd, LXU, 

P. 332, col. a, 1. 34, for "clnps" read 
«» drips." 

P. 333, col. 2, 1. 4®, for " lai-geft" rc:id 
«* longelt." 

P. 334, col. 1, 1. 6, for " varietiek" read 
** rarities;." 

P. 415, col. I, 1. 29, f»r " elm'* read 
" ebon ; for " huus" rc.id ** Iww^.*' 

P. 4:6, col. If 1. ;7, for *• llipiwy" read 
« dlveiy." 

P. 594, col. 2, 1.61, for «' indeed" read 
"ended." 

P. 505, col. 2, I. 41, for •• mdd" read 



INDEX INDrCATORIUS. 



i?93-I INDEX IND 

p. 37S9 eol. T, k i3, for « knew" rsad 
^* know s" coL a, L ii, for << fuitnr" rtaA 
« fwitch ;" L 3 1 , for << mind" read « tiind." 

P. 884. coL 2, 1. X, for •« Martnick" read 
« Martwick" 

P. 974, coL Sf L 1 J, eradicate the com- 
Tna placet) after <* ihreatenliig/' and put it in 
after'' induftrious" in 1. 14,. 

P. I coo, col. i| L 39 for Sraadat, read 
Bfa»Jt. 

lb. co^ 1. 1. 16 — 1 S, " Epifcnpacy :" with 
a colon. ' " Stand upuni*' only a cbinma in- 
fteadof afoll ftop. 

P. ti75> col. 1, 1. 43, for ** rheums" read 
*• rheum " 

P. 1184, c. If L 37, for " 905" read 
** 907 ;" col. a I 1. 4, for •* pL;CCi*' rcjd 
*• i^laces." 

INDEX INDICATOR rUS. 
In foitie few copies of the prefrnt month's 
Mitgazine, hj an incTiLihie ace dent at the 
preis, the two l.ift lines of p. in, col. 2, 
are ftrangely mutilatrd, and Ihoiild he read 
thu5t '* woods and fhrubf, utiofe entrails 
are confunied by voL.inic fircf I O, my (n- 
vereign !** — P. 117, 1, i a, re:id " FarA^." 

We re^iUy admiic the u it of '* Laputa and 
John BiiU ;'* but, at a peritKl wticn tlie u- 
nned exertioni of every lover of his country 
are in the ftrongeil degree to be wiftied for, 
we are fure the benevolence of JL. L. will 
readily pardon mir dt dining to print fo (e- 
vere a fatire. Hi» Ictcef of Feb. 23, is this 
RMKncm received, aiul ihall appear foon. 
The private P. S. u*e ^ilfnre him, is without 
foimdia un» p ic89ari()nj;rnlely trom p. 987. 
CAMBat^.NSis is rccjnt-Acd tn give Once- 
t'-ons iiow a letter may btr cnnvtyetl (o him. 
The Gentlemen concerned tliink tluc it 
wouIdbeimprn|)er ni prcicnt to b« more par- 
ticular. A Commirrce will l>e .1; 'pointed in a 
(hiyicttme, when the Jcfiqn and pian (hall 
be fiiliniitrcJ topuMic infpecii<><i. 

\V. & I), nfVs if il.ere wa?: any church or 
:dtar in Kr^lanJ dedir.ited to St. Cecilia, or 
is there ^t tiace of -^ny mulic.:l meecmg lliat 
recognized h»r tarnon-c |>ov\er» previous 
to tltat I It id in St.uioTier^ h^td in the rnign 
of Ch;Tle< M. as rr!.a';d in oui vvl. Llil. p. 
k}:, frrm Sir Joh'i IJ.iv.k ns? 

Mr. Thoipe, in 1-is Antiquiiitrs printed 
«ith Cuftumair RMf^r.fr, p 25c, nituiicns 
theic Itaving hei'n a v'.r'-.it iinmlvii cf coins 
turned up in the B..c!>t'!ei<!>, Sonttiflcct. See 
vol. LXII. p. 119^, «.o!. .:. 

Tlie follii ItfMie in l!.e ari'!i of the v.-inlr in 
trh.ch Mrs. 1 h««r|.e was ii.ieiicil, p. 1 r9v> 
li nix cei! at p. (^7*. 

P. 1221, c;.l. I. I. jt. f'T •= Chii-h-ner** 
read " tx«Icr." 1 l.c acr.«>'.:it i»f l:ti«eniint 
jrncrjl CHrii, r»«-n :n t' .' ;ij'»- J",i ini-ir- 
reit; ht U-J-, hi!. .:. i.i»' r. > \\ '■•■itu-'iant r^o- 
*e;:.oi- ci Qw b ( : ii' r <. 1.' I cvsri ii ar of 
ti^f hein;; licLtT-n.-i.t ,;ov»:i 'i'>r ot J.im.iX.i. 
lliif otiice w;i.-, l"iv*':vir, held by hiu 
balf brother (as ti*c tv:iu r) m.*jvr ^ctierA 
6 



163 



Alured Cbrke, who was appointed, in May 
1791, colonel commandant of one of ilie bat- 
taUions of the octh regiment of infantry, and 
is tlie prefeot lieutenant governor of Qiie- 
'>^c. w. u ^, 

C. obferver, that, in pilTing through a 
large town, a few days fince, in the Weft 
part of York (hire, he f;.w a very fplendid 
procefllon of wool-combers in honour of 
biaiopBlazei and uilhcs to he informed 
wliere he m-iy find xn account of the ortjin 
of this pradiice, or the hinory of (hat bi- 
fhop. In anfwer, we refer h.im to our vol. 
XHU. p. 3?4, acd vol. X LI V. p. 247. 

Vi RITAS fays, «« Thai a woman's e..ting 
theafhesof her hulhaiui Ihould he mention- 
ed as a proof of regar^t (fee p. 5) aftoniflies 
me I I Ihall he anfwere*!, it is a fadt; yet it 
is a proof of maehuftf not love. But this 
flory reminds me of a gentleman, who, 
ulien dying, ordered his heirt to be fcnt to 
the obcit of hi^ affe^lioas (a. married wo- 
man) ; and the hufband of the lady firft re- 
ceived the mcliage, wIhi gave orders to tlie 
cook to mince it and ferve it for dinner. 
The lady afe greedily of the difh ; but, be- 
ing infoimed by Iter hulband what it was, 
fhe lived hut a few days to lament his lufs, 
and her hufband's cniel (thougli fome may 
pcrha|>s think juft) conduct' 

We ihidl titaiik our Lichfield corrcfpon- 
dent C. B. fur the volume ot tlie Monthly 
Mifcellany fo kiiiiily ofibred us. 

R. L. fays,** The m;irriage of Mr. Cham- 
brf, p. 84, muft, 1 think, be en oncuu^.— 
I. If the lady were the ^'augliter of an earl, 
(he would l>e La^iy Fftzny^ not iW> — i. If 
If her father were an eiri, lie would he rhs 
Jiit^ifJ ihn. n.it the lion. — 7. 1 he family 
name of tlieii'lcof i Orkney is not Crofrey^ 
hut llamlltin — 4. There Ills been no Ean of 
Oikiiey fince George Hamilton, cita'ed Fnrl 
of O. m i6doy ami who died in 1737. i^is 
dau{;hter Anne Countefs of lnch.(}u.n ; ii s 
griinl-iiaiighlcr, Maiy, the late Countch of 
Inch'.quin ; and h.^ great grand dauglitrrf 
M;ir}-, t!ie wife <if the Hun. Tho Fitzm.>u« 
rice, have ali fucceedrd to the litlis of Ccuii- 
tefs of in their own right. 

A CoUNTKY C'l.rkcvMAN jo'ins ill the 
reipieli, for infurm.itio'i on the initi.il Ict'ers 
tu rheoM vcrfjon of ilie Tfalms; and alks for 
iiifprma'ioii iviih teipe^ to the title page 
prelixcd to that veifiu:) ; which telh us it was 
** la foiC'>, ;:iu! atlowed to he lung in 
cluu-che^, of all t!ie people together, before 
and after Murnm^ and hveniug Prayer, and 
alio lH;for^ and aU-r f.TiTio'i^." He wiflics 
toknowpfiom 'uiwr one well acquaint e<l with 
t' V I'iiltJiy i.i ('111 i-alr^aftic;!'. cltah!ilhnK:.t, 
Uii ,..iul/v .1 ^f, i.uJ /^ iu'.„t i.-.o'i**./;/), 
l!i:s vf :-.":.>n \\ .v. \. i 1 .-t'-, .uul .ilii>-\f-»| to he 
\\V'^ 'A .'.;l ».'-ii:'.- !■* I'l" all the p^iplc, liC. 

K. ii. o\\ '. e il.vi>ry of fr/wi! jir Ihall 
itaw. \\.x*' in our i":xt ; wi'.li Aki noiiu- 
Lv: : ra-u:eu Gial» frutu LliA.i.v.\ k^xuv^ 



164 Sili^ Putrj^ AntBmt and Mtdgrn^ for February, 1 793* 



THE EPICURE. 

OK his fick couch, behold, tht Olutton 

With wearied palate and with languid eyes, 
Alas 1 I now, exclaims he with a figh, 
No more IhaU tafte the Eel or Vcn'fon pic ; 
Nor thou, great BurgcCs ! whofe capacious 

mind 
<* Takes every creature in of every kind," 
Whofe coAIy (belres each foreign dainty 

hoard. 
Whatever the Weft and burning Kaft zffordf 
Where theproud Mango, like an Eaftcm God, 
Bends the Itrocig branches with the (lattly 

nod. 
In vain, immortal BurgcCt, may'ft tho« drive 
To keep the left, bed, fenfe of man alive. 
Bnt thou, my fon, ihp comfort of my years, 
Refin'd, inibee, thy father's tafte appcan ; 
Attend my words with faultering voice, he 

cried, 
And drew a huge receipt book from his fide; 
This precious gift to thee I now refipn, 
One parting kjok— eTer 'tis for ever ihine ; 
** In this is every art, is every cliarm, 
■* To win the wifeft, and the coldeft warm," 
Whoe'er in this with juft attention looks, 
Shall boad the knowledge of a thoufand 

cooks: 
And, O my fon ! toWefs thy future life, 
Join with nke care the howftkeepcr and wife; 
Wit, wifdom, beauty, 'u the fcx o'ei look, 
MiKh we admire the beauty, more the cook i 
From tafte and prudence give that nymph 

thy heart, 
Whofe (kill, experienc'd in the favVy art, 
Whofe pickles, paf^ry, and ragouis, prciuge 
UnfiaJing joys to tliy maturcr age ; 
The ralh Apicius took, to rule his roaft, 
A young coquette, a beauty, and a toall, 
Now mark him, fcowling at his bluiiJerin^ 

bride, 
A beau, and captain, giggling at her f>de ; 
She talks, and carves, and lielps Uim wi(h a 

ti»fs, [faucc I 

And, oh ! the word of wives, forgcui the 
V.iinlefs he hopes her heeJlefs I'o^l to d^unt. 
With privatie le^ure or with public Ltunt, 
How vain, alas I to frown, to fict, to fcold, 
For, all thi< time, the viands become cold ; 
Lean lo*)k the ducks and all the ^reen peas 

fpoil'd, 
Too •rnich the roaft, too little done the boil'd i 
Anxious he fees the fecond courfe appear ; 
No game !— No fweetbrcad I — What 1 how's 

tilis, my dear? 
No brawn I — no fturgeon I with defpair, be 

cries I 

And d s his folly with uplif'cd eyes. 

Beauty foon fade<^, but fj^icci never cloy, 
>\nde.ich i;ew difh iball biiug a vary'd joyi 
Deht,ht^ like thefe with life alone cau end, 
\^'irh thefe the lover melts into the friend. 
By (>: v:deoce, then, irecui*e of juys at home, 
Mark well my precepts wheii abroad you 

ro.'im { 
Polite your manners as a private gued, 
"vget politeoeis at a public feaft ) 



Rough are the maimers of a city-dumcry 
Where cuckold elbo ws cuckoU, finncr finner | 
Lee wifdom, then, fupply the place of foroet 
Chufe well your featy and calcubte each 

coiu^e, [rage { 

Manceuvering now, you know, is all the 
Be fure, at dinner, get the weather-gage ; 
Then if the ills the doming haunch, ooofia'dy 
" Burd ftirious out, andjH>if«in all the wind,** 
Secure you fit, whild leeward (lomachs Caily 
And half tlie table fickens at the gale i 
Timely advis*d, the coming pheafant wait* 
Nor high with beef, incHUtious, tieap your 

plate, [handy 

With winning fmile, but with deteiinin*d 
Cijole the ruffians whom you can*i commaodt 
U fome n'ce thing at didance tempt your ejey 
Catch as it flies the dainty pafling by. 
And if fome talon pounces on the dUb, 
That holds your favourite fowl or favourite 

Alh, 
At once cry our, The Prince, Sir> drinki 

your health, 
And, as he bows, feeure the prize by fteaith^ 
Of him who carves how dreadful is the fate 1 
Arm crolfes arm, and plate fucceeds to plate^ 
Cut there — jud there Sir — where yo« dick 

your fork ; ^ 

I beg your pardon Sir, — the Duke of York,— 
The Prince mud fird be helped,— God d^ 

e*m both. 
Exclaims this fon of freedom, with an oath.-" 
Twas [ catrd vurzt, — vurzt come vurzt (anr'd t 
Becaufe the Prince is here mud 1 he daived ? 
Curs'd be the man, how well fo e'er he t^ilks, 
Whofe ilUtim'd wit our on^er hungei baulks. 
Who fets the fenfelefs table in a roir. 
And dares to jed e'er half the dinner's o'crj 
Or oil fomft favourite topic fondly «iw«lts. 
And, fpitc of all repulfc, his dory tells. 
Your manners vary with thgtime and pLioet 
Norlofc vi»ur dinner whtld you aim at grac^ 
For fort- ign food to foreign cltm.ites roam, 
L»ve not fupinely on ragouts at home ; 
To France, to Italy, to Spain, repair, [care; 
Taile every nifh, and juvlge with anxious 
Soon fliall your gei\eruus toil encreafe your 

fame, [name* 

And Prieds and Cnt^ks immortalize your 
Say, did Leander hefirate to dare, [fair ? 
The foamiuj^^rge to meet his amorout 
Say, could the charms of lovely Hero vie 
Wi:h a fiat turtle, or a ven'fiMi pie. 
One fecret ipore, my f>n, 1 would impart^ 
'' And the lad pang (hall tear it from tnf 

heart ;** 
When joint of mutton fmonks upon the board. 
Two weil-knouncutsthefhouldercan afford |. 
Rut one remains conceard from mortal eyes; 
Peep near the bone the precions model lies | 
Thepvrple veins, the Ihrinking finew5,(hun( 
Where croiiing tibrcs 'tangle as they run i 
Purfue the grain, my fun-— lie would have 

faid,— 
But fiidiien palfy twitch'd his aged head | 
With eager gafp, in vain to fpeak he cries,— 
Aad tlie great le^ret^ withits Autbor,diesi-^ 

EPX. 



StUa Putry^ Antitni mnd MUifn^ for February, 1793. 16; 

EPITAPH £| i^vy arXayx^^tif elfty %^%^(raai ^ 

fimd fy m CMTims andmnvh im.tnted methU ^^^y «»• HotiliJ TUf wa^i^MKCf , if«, 
•f taAmlme/it^ mre the Uj^il cf UrfinJ iuf" Ovx or' t^w Tomcra, ^iv, tt ^Ai» raO« 
{oWs ^'^ Mttentim, Xvrtffi^ij 

AXA' 011 oremiriK if^oty i/^iyi XvTi|y« 

On a RoUqjffKT OF CoWILIPt. 

Now frum your cups wKo Tips the 
hnnewM Jew ? [rpriaSf 

No more, gay children of the gUiwing 



HEREi nniotomVd^ Vanbutcbel's con- 
faitlies 
- eil her hofband't g^ie^ chnrm bis eyesl 
Faintleif and [nire her body dill remains. 
And all tn former eleganie retains. 



Long had dUeafc bern preyinS on herchirrns, ,j-^^ y^^^^j. ^^ ^^, ^^^ fafcinnting view. 



TiH flow (he (hrunk in DvMtii's exped!ing 

arms{ 
WhenHunter*' (kill, in fpite of Nature's laws, 
Her beauties tticwi fi om ctirruption's ja^ s ; 
Bade tlie pale rofes of her cheek levive, 



No mof^ yiwir pofies to younj; Fhira bring* 

The vcrunl Fairies, in their wanton rounds, 
No mni-e(hall couit your innoceiu perfame, 

Pertnps like you, eiv moniiog mufick fonndy 
Your pcnfive poet may explore his tomb. 



And her ihriink frarures feem a^ nin to live : 

—Hunter, wlio firft conceivd the happy Dear emblems of life's tranfitory fcene, 

thought, To you fad Elegy devotes her lay ; 

And here at length to full perfeiAion brought. Ko longer blooms your topas-tindtur'd mien. 

The breathing |ionrait of the vivid May. 



CM hicky hulband ! Bled of Heav*n, 
To thee the privilege is giv'n 
A mnch- lov'd wife at home to keep, 
Carefs, touch, talk to, even deep 
Clofe by her H.^e, whene'er you will, 
As quiet as if living dill : 
And, ftraiige to tell, that fairer die, 
And (weeter, than alive ihould be ; 
Firm, plump, and juicy, as before, 
And full as tr.i6>aMe, or more. — 
Thrice happy mortal ! envied lot ; 
What a rj re tre.iiure thou had got I 
Wbo to a t\ onun cand lay cLiim, 
Whofc temper's ev'ry day the (ume I 

iJci^J-CUje, Fth.^f 1793. W. Gaovi. 



Tom firoro your em'rald beds, to Pleafure's 

eye, ffiide ; 

You dirtek, you languidi, and mutt ever 

So he, wlio marks your fat«, diaU dniop and 

die, [Oiaile! 

Leave Nature's landfcape, and beoome a 

ViRStS WBITrRN UNDIR THR YiCTUai 
OP AN Ass. 

MEEK animal, whuCe fimple mien 
Provokck the'infutcins eye of ^een, 
To nu>ck (lie nielauchuiy tr.tit 
Of patienc: , ia thy front difpUy'd 
By thy great author hdy fo port ray 'd 
To character the ioi rows of thy fjtel 

Say, heir of Mifery, w^at to thee 
Is life? a loiigt loii^', gloomy dnge, 

IN one of your late Magazine^, is a diort Through the faU ^At of l.ihtiur and of pain ; 

Paper ujhmi Martial's Epigram on Arria No pleafure Ii^itli iliy youili, noried ny age; 

and Pxi-js, mentioning an Ob^Tvalion of Jor- Nor, in the vally muiid of this tunc-re, 
tirfs of the ditficii ty of giving :ui Epigramma- A fnend ti» fci ili : : free. 

t;c point to the words, Hot mibif Ptcfc, JMt^ Tillderttli, |x;ihu|»:.M lale, 

in any other •anguage; with an attem|)t to- Inili t dai k evening of thy cheirlefs day, 
wards a Grtsek Epigram on the fnbjedl. If Stall cake thee f unciiig in tiie wav, 

1 nntlcrdiiiid the force of the ohfervation, it From the wide d irm of uiir^fnted h.«'c. 

lies in the ambigu'.ry of the word .hJet. But yet da. cs ih' erroneous cro.vd to mark 

the faipe anibigiiit> is, I think, to be found ^^^^ ,;,„y t, adp.icd r ace, 

in oth«r lauEiMgesj at leail (to give your Tii' lu.g »vcrnaHlc ..ack! lliai 
Correi|)ondeni hi revenge) I have attempted 
to diew it both in an Englidi and Greek 
tiaod^tion, or imitation, call then* which 
yiiu pUafe. As to the etymology of .s-^.m; 
and his Greek, 1 pioted ihcy are beyond my 
Bdcrdaoding and my Lexicon. 

iV.6, 1790. Yours, &c. R. B» 



Mr. URB«*i, 

N one of your late Magazine*:, is a diort 



g ivcrnaMc nacK! lliat birk 
With impious liowling<;in Heavec.'s awful face 
H r'er 00 their imp^aient head 
ArIit^l:on's bitter Ihower is ihed. 



But 'lis the weaknef-: of thy kind 
Meekly to be.ir th' inevit.«b'e I'vjy | 
l*he wild'jii of the Hum in mind 
Is to murmur and oSey. 



WHEN Arria frtxn ber bowels drew the 
fword. 
And gave it. reeking, to her much-lov'd Lord, 
From my own wound 1 find no pain at aU» 
Sheisidj bur feel forUiat by whidi you'll foil* 



EPIGRAM, BY A r-AT>y. 
What means this i^hienfy mthc Na tim'sbrjiia } 
The anfweKs apt, the evil corner from P aik t : 
If Fame our he id and vita! p.trts alfail. 
No wonder if tlie Coudiiuuou fail. 

Aoroi 



]66 Siliif P9itry^ Antiini and M9dir9i^for Februaryi I79J. 



AOrOI ETTITA^IHOT. 

f Continued from ^•69.^ 
Qnnm bene callehanc terrain diffinderc amcro, 

Et larga autunuii munera ferre domutn I 
<^3m bene Aaveolasrhedisimponore nielTcs, 

Jit validiitn in fylvis fteniere robvir hiioii 1 

Obfcuram agricolum fortcnn, temicfque labores 
Ipfa vel Ambitiu non fine laiklc iioCct : 

Tem|>eret ct ftolidos tcinulenta SuperMa rifu?, 
Pum vin?e annates ruQtca mufa cautC. 

Iffaquid Ambitio, qnidccIfaSupcrbia piillel? 

Quid regiiiu gazx, pl.:ria, fama, Accw-, 
Si nihil iropendens fiUimi difPTre vnleHir, 

Cum demiim fxvx jaiiua nioicis hiat ? 

^idy quod maroioieo non dantiu* m.nibra 

iepukhro ? 

Quid, quod rcUiquias nulbtiophx 1 icgiMir, 

Vt moSf quil grandco refer uiitui ad org^na 

cantui*! 

Diun mens coeleAcm gelVit adirc ihronum ? 

An renovara auunam^ aut cstcis revucaie 
latcbrisy 

Divitis egregii fculnrilis urn? poteft ? 
Fruftra pallentes vel fi auv iiitercinit umbras, 

Vel graviore fotio clamitat accr bancs. 
FoiTuan ignoto jacct hie fuS ccfpire. qu-jni tu 

OnuAi egregiis dutibus, slnie Dcus ! 
Cui frensregali neciuativi.im inUigm coroni, 

Cui vel cxkAi dexiera digna lyiA. 

Scd fera pauperras, bnmialis more pruinac, 
Ingrato mentis frigore (Iriiixit o|icsy 

lUvines fontes do^rinx ''eiTc:i clajfu, 
£t larga ingenii munera fix:t humi. 

LiJcida fic cryftallus ii'oi maiedct nni ahum 
l^nota, et nunqucir.i confpitje-jJa, j icct— 

Sic tmftra ambrorioi>exh:iIat ;T>yr'us oiloies 
Qua, valle oblcuru, devia fylva vueL 

RufticnF hie forfan Cato, Virgiliufve q-jicfcit. 

Difcolur at fa'aim, m.^ns licet una, fui:. 
Sttenuus illc quidcni p;t:i-ii deferifor a^LHi — 

llicy vatcs ncmoium, diiicc, a: :'grclle 
canens. 

*■* Mundiiiis fitnplex, propriiqoe ignaia 
, decorir, 

Hoc foi Inn tumulo nympha piulica jicet, 
Cur mens, ut divx vfticrus linx'n- Minei v.v, 

Forma venuila Helen.*-, rtiiclorca fiots. 

* Imitated from the prefcut ArA-IViilljop 
of VorK's famous copy of L«:nt vf 1 ict, 

** From Or. Ed\vard.'.'s beaiiiuil i^anzas 
«://-/ to tl'C cMigi'ial poi:m of Mr. Gr^y, 
^\ iich we fi'Mt>iii, as lef^ peuci A.iy kuoiN ii : 

** Scmf k: r/\> fti'f *::-V/j .v ../f. ?-{/,■'•«,»■• 

•* Ij'bc-lchc.juty *K!^ot h.tie /.V/V a y.eracl .- limSj 

•* T'iSit intn-.h'.c'htautv iL'.inn'f! an A'.-/*-^ ii.i-?, 

•' yfnii cbt'a^*n the lacxfur hj n f.uf'-fui J-juJif 
** n'hit i'irtv€t f'>rwCtl tvc'!€*\ J.^*:fnt p/vt 



Candida, fua vis, amans vixit, pia, fedulacoDJaz» 
Gaudia fumma fui delicizque viri : 

Virtntifque facram pia mater l.impada proli 
Tradidir, et robur, purpurrunnque dacus» 
(To be continued ) 



Mr. Urb4k, 



Fth. z« 



AFTER entertainments given 00 ferae 
panicular occafions near the City of 
Wuichefter, it i«: cuHomary to introduce a 
'' Focnium C;«iitatif,*' filled %vitli a kind of 
beer cal'.etl A.iff The origin of this iiAine 
his for fome >e;irs been merely matter of 
conje6lu'« : bt,? the following verfes, which 
requ-jft tljc favt)-ir of -our notice, will ex- 
plain whence the lerm is derived. 

Your'f, H. C W. 

Extra.a from " The Art of Longevity" 

written by F.dn'uruiC.iytjn, 1659. 

Chap. viii. Of Alf. 

Diiuk famous, iuf.tmouj:, prats'danddifpraisM, 

Fi om St\f^riin :nke<,ih<it'!)^Ukkly Aa/&>wrjrais*4 

From conmion Ihores and faiher ^rjvi'adveu- 

lur««, ■ / [eater: 

How dar'll tliou boyled cogg or * muzzles 
But wiien tlic keen LiieroketU f blows fat 

bumpkin. 
Who will lefuf^ i )di ink thee into rumkin| ? 
Fiiou(;li is wi iittn I'or thee, f>ro and coftf 
Ycc fmcc U^ t cpmb iliy name is almoft gone; 
Kut tiiat the .VMtman halhclcns'd thy tide. 
And niakv;. u- uili iluc yet amongft as biiep 
And IJuff of f.uiious nicniur>', that iiufff 
Who to hi-; . /.V h ul no fign but his Ruf: 
1\idX, and his -/.'.• mol^ fmooth, did fo well 

woik, [Turk; 

The honfc wjs full of Chiiftian and of 
And in demulfixg Lubrick mornings draft 
A good clbti iiiro Old Hufwus quaft. 
Whjt is .V V go;>d for } Look againft his 

doorc"^, [(howers s 

And you iha'l I'^r, them rotted with Ale- 
It hath tl'-F tpeci:ill commendation. 
To cicnfe ilis \\:i:t r, aiiJ break the flrnne : 
1 iTi ■{, :j f,a i;f,-. !>:■,! iiu- tlint iloili brt-ak, 
Sli rh otl»'.-i lioDc voiii N'-'ib i)&i(;/;-y/'> plike; 
Thy mother Ai'/-. IS in enemy [tliee^ 

'to ih' nervt>, :!m: rn.ikes m-.n Cagger after 
Prnnk hevot;»I ///.//"'. Jc^nen/ufn, who did ftinC 
In* urultir Ruff 1.1*. *iit:lU utito a pint, 
(tf It Ml iMK- Sefiioo) )c'- j^o fotth, ;iT\d face 
Abouni, and ihcii ytv.i mi'^tit uke tother glafs. 

An r.PITA^^H CK ti-ut ttn/l tvt*/nr%iitiiiry 
C/\r:.fht. I o h N E L \v > s » b iq. c^Marchcni, 

r.crki, ij :./ S'olte, SuiTolk. 

'J'JERF, \n .Man's honour, and to Man's 
X i dif;;!:ice, ■ 

1 «c-j a ft:«Mi.', fjchirc nf the hnmnn mce— 
Inr Lw F.^*^^^.) i;i:v\'i».>i*cf;"«iiit,;ve.tjt,;>:i.l minJ, 
Vu:i:e and vice iu firincll li.its conahin'd. 



* r«ohah'y we (hn^iU; rs;:d iu' for or, 
f TUh means the Unions Siracco windy 
•* TU 6ca!:hy cff^ifrirtgtl^: a.iiirf-'u vjr i^.'i'i, for .10 ;ycnm»tof w!\icii confute Hrydone. 

i). X l^umi^rii menn. what in Norfolk and 
other|^lausi;i Lulled rummer^ a di inking gUi«* 



SileaPMry^ JnUmt and Ahdern, for February, 1793. 

Eoi^wsKhemk, bat Wended deep wiih " No furcly-but 1 : -ccthccanfo- 
^^^ or* " 'Tis my imperial ftate th.it awes. 



16/ 



And bafethe niiift that manf a diamond bore- 

Ueaniie(s to grandeur, folly join 'd 10 fcnfc, 

Avarictf miced with benevolence. [tnift^ 

Whefe lips ne*ei broke ^ truth, nor hands a 

Werefometlmcs warmly kind and always juft. 

Willi powers to reach ambition's higbelt birth, Xnd'iliVrii^ w vaTner I'.y defc«, 



*< r»ty mi;;hc Vm fet at nought for; 
" The fntc of Scmclc they dread, 
<< Who funk with glories round her he^ 

*' Her own fond with had foughtlor."* 

*Tvn* thus the fop tiimfelf wouklc 



He funk a wretch that grovel'd to the earth. 

Loft in the luft of adding pelf to peU, 

hnt to the pocv, ftiU |mx>i er to himfelf. 

Topleafure'sjoy, he virtue's joy deny M, 

M'aotalibis fca- , and richrs all liis priJ.e. 
-A fee to none, to many ufta friend, 

CiUoitt to give, hilt liberal to lend. 

Whole wants that nearly bent to all but 
(teahh, [wealth. 

Ne'er in his Country's plunder fought for 
Call'd by her voice, but call'd without ex- 
pence. 
His nobler naciuc rous'd in her defence. 
And in the fenaie, labouring in her caufc. 
The ftri^eft guaidian of the piuuil laws 



And loftier from each fall ; 
For, though each prnd<rht fair deny*^ 
Yet ftill, with unabating; pride, 

He pertly courted alL 

At length the gay Narciffa came 
She felt tlio fympathetic flame 

Invade her glowing mind; 
For, liad he fearchM tiie globe sbcoqi^ 
A female was not to be found 

Of more congenial kind. 

Happy Narciflus in a m.itel 
How kind, bleA couple, is the fata 
Th tt haks fuch fouls together I 



He flood ; anl, each inftinclive uint above, Thrice Iwppy, to<., the Nymph and Swjie^ 



Who, by the clinching of your chain. 
Have 'fcap'd the fnares oreithcr 1 

L>ong may yon live, aufpiciout pair! 
And may a num'rinis othpring fhare 

The virtues ^ou adorn ! 
So folly lh*i!l ey.tend her !inc, 
And future O s aitd C y*s-lkine 

Thro'j;;h ages yet unborn 1 



To every bribe preferr'd a people's love. 
Yet Hill, with no ftern patimtifm fir\'. 
Wrapt np in wealth, to wealth again re tir*d : 
By pen'ury gnanled from pride's fickly traini 
Living a length of d.-i^.s witlioul a pain ; 
And, addingtotli<!;miIIi(Mi ncvi rti7*d, [dy*d. 
Lov'd, pity*d, fcorn'd, andjiououi'd, Llvvls 
Learn, from this proof, iha^ in lifc'&tempi- 

mg fcene, 
M<in is a compmind of the great and mean. 
Difcordant qn.d.ties tot^eih' v tyM, 
Virtues in him u -.th vicc<; are ally *d : 
The fport of fuilies, or of crin.cs the heir. 
Each nuid the mixture nf an Klwi« Oi.ttc. 
Pondering his fau is, h>s merits not difown. 
But, in his nature, recolicdl (hir.e (mn ; 
And think, lor life and pardon, where to iVX ^'^ tell you the pl.iin i-eafou whys 

trul^, [liud. Why, all the female b^nH united 

Wew God not mercy, when his creature's Arc of the gentle fair fo Ihy. 

You've (r.*tn the ftats, tl.cir ircmbling ligtt^ 
And iiU:tTc6tual bcanH liirplay ; 

Together ^linim'i n:g t!.; . ^^jj t lie night, 
Avoi*lu:g tiMS L.i^^ht l.c'c jjrii.jy. . 



Om THF. BrAUTtFULL MRS. D 

(JF>:::<',,u Mjt!ra£, hy Mr. Teppiwo.) 
*•/ Suff.cient RcaJ'^n. 

MYRTILLA by hrr fx is flip,hted; 
niiel 



N 



Epithalamium. 
(H 'r.tten at Madr;/ . / 



ARCISSUS long, from (..irtofair, 
Had ftill prcfciT'd his amriius piayV, Our f.iir-oncs thus Myrt.'.r. ilre.vf, 



But fonnO rei)nlfe the falhton : 
For why ? — Facti cautions m Hd could uU 
Narciflus k>v*d tnuifcll too well 

For her to flure his pairi»>n. 

R "jested oft, lie oft return 'd ; 

Still lued ; and was at often fcurn'd, 

Yet ne'er took warning by't : 
For (illy fupk^ when Women fiotvn, 
lnr.|>oteto hue tl>e caufe alone 

Of fuch infuliing Uighl t 

''Can I," (he to himfelf would f<y) 
•* bo ta!!, fo ftr;iTght. fofprncc, fo gay, 

*' MeeCau^hi but love .md •arturekl 
'* 1, whom NaK'bs dcligttt (o bribe, 
«* W.le D— n'» £UU wifrr fcrihc, 

<* Waut Wit fur paultiy captuics ! 



And her cXLel!ing luflri ihun , 
For, zv.'W. that Cy:i:hja's .it thf^rr heaJ; " 
Yet ihe to Cynthia is the Sun I 

Could fcmilc fpitc heriT.vp the charrser 
Of heiitr.y th..! .'.11 hcnjti hcgviilcs. 

Each Woman would with joy difarm bar, 
Andtriunj'ii in the !ov*;ly fpiiils!' 

O! could 'h«y ftenleach matchltfs fciitujr. 
Her ch.ck, her lips, hrr fpt;ikiM;». r\e' 

And wear hrr Imilcof iwcct good-nainrci^ 
Th4»t fooihcs — while it irrdain-; to diu I 

Soon envy, *.\\-\x fo lonp h i*^ ftunj t!)cm, 
Wo"! J vM«>', w .t'l jealous fea; *, to vt-xj 

Myillla's .!:.i;ns-- if ih;»'.'d .laipn^ t!i-m 
Would lic* fy tuiidili half tlie i ^\ 

Mr- 



SM£i Potiry^ Aniitnt andMiJtm^ for February, 1793. 

Tht Cwdrmmd CHndnaPt S§li'f9fityt pdi ^ 
havthttn found in the Ctll •f tot mifwtumatt 

M A s s c V, after his ntatti^Hm 



168 

Mr.UKBAK, Feh. 13. 

1NDEP1NDBNT of the intrinric merit of 
the fallowing Epitaph, it will undouhteilly 
be thooftlH'^urioU'', as the production of the 

celefcmted Lord Falkland, it is prefized to OH ALL he ignohly in a ro|)« expire 
a ftmeral Sermoii preached at A(hby-de-la- O Whofe hand cnn waketo extacythe lyre? 



Shall lie he branded with tlw roob*s harih 

cnrfr, 
Who oft* Iwith ponr'd the fiveetly-vary'd 

verfc? 
Wliofe manly Mufe» indignant of cootroul, 
Can wake ftich notes as harrow op tlia 
■ fcml > 



Zouch, Febb9yi6)3. Yoiir*s3cc. M.GaiSM. 
Am 'EpiTAru vpon thb Excsllknt 

CoTNTzssc or Hu:tTiMoi>oii. 
THE eheife perfeftions of both Sexet joyn'di 
With lieither's vice nor vanity combin*d. 
Of this our age the wtioder, love, and care, 
Theexample of the foUowing, and difpaire. 
Sudi beauty, that fiom all hearts Unie roull Or paint, with focial fympatliy immvftt 
Such majefty , that none durft tell her fo. [flow: The rapturous anguifh of a lo ver*s breaft ? 
A wifdome of fo large and potent fw^y. Yes, fay, (hall one, eadow'd with gifts like 

RooM^t Smate might have wiiht, ber Conclave tl^fe, 

may. Wit, fenfe, ;ood hnmonr, elegance, and eafey 

Wliichdidtoeartli^y tttoughts fo feldomehow, For e< ring onte amiiift the dorms of Unfe, 
Alivey^ fcarce was leffe in heaven, then now. Be ruilely blotted from tlie book of life ? 
So voyd of the leaft pride, to her alone Tho' Juibce, leaning from her feat fubliniey 

Thefe radiant excellencies feem'd unknowne. Demands a due atonement (or each crime ; 
Such once there was: hut let thy griefeapiieare Yet doom me not to mingle with the dead 



. By him who faies wliat he faw. 
Reader, there is not : lIuntingiiMi lies here. 



V lists add efftd to ttuo [uadr'etf tuho fmt a 
Letter to tht yiutbor in llieioglyphics. 

CHAKM'D hy your (kill,' by your in- 
ifulgence won. 
O'er Egypt's facre.t chiraflf rs I run ; 
But grieve 
Thedaikeft 
With fecret 
Unfeen a(!Ut us^ and unknuu ti befriend : 
Kor feek tve thefe, airiu*d thut heavenly 

pow'i-s 
Elude the graCp of knowlcilt^e wc.ik. as oui*?. 
But Angels, tliat in t.mole boUieik UwcU, 
Caunot be irac'd luu foon, oi* known too welL 
% bENAR. 



With aU my imperfeAionson my liead { 
Let me t<i e.irth's extremsft verge he driv'n^ 
That penitence may fmooth my way lo 

iieav'n s 
Ah ! no, what fatace cm evidence give 
To one condemn'd in infamy to irve ? 
Who, fcnrn'd hy otheis— of himfelf a(hara'dy 
Is (honnM, and fpoke of— only to be blam'd. 




to ftray, 

Becomes the fole compan'*on Of oar way* 
Yet, tho' degmdcd to a (tite like this. 
And reft of '.'K:ia1 nnd domeftic blifi, 
If doom'd to viiit that opprobrious laud 
Where imp'ous exjies form adefpcarate band| 
Some fober fchemc I'll (hidioufly enforce^ 
Am), felf-repcnting, tread in virtue's courfe | 
A httle ufcful feminai7 found. 
And fpread the flame of reformation round, 
ln(^ru''\ the ofhpring ot ilUfated hinds, 
And low tlie feeds of wifdom in their minds. 
Teach them Co teem with fympoUietic 

thonpl^ts. 
And w«rcp m pity oVr another*sfuiUs, 



Dignifime E-iitcr, 

CaLU^t. A. D. 1792, mifi ad te litera*: 
cominentes Epigramma fequenti tliefi ac 
tittdo infipittum. 

Thef. *• Purpura vcnJit 

" CaufuJicum." Juv. 

Titul. 'H w^ifl'*? t5 Rq;4.A!o;r«» " A(it,tcuv»» Till, \\ jfd toprudeiicc bv their parentsQiama 

In eodem menie epl(^o!a roea una cum car- The>' grow amotions ot a virtuous name, 

mine a te edeb;tt-ir, fed noa fme eriYH-ibus Buc, ah 1 what favour can I hope to find ? 

typographids. Ncque tanisu putabam hos No glimpie- of pardon d2iwns upoD my mtnd^ 

alus, qui magU vitio hominibus liabetuli, F;<rc calls my trembling Ipirit to the (ki«k, 

occafionero elle daiuros. In I'upplemento AniUgnoiffliiiousdej'Ji mutt fealmiiteeye^f 

anni 1791, quidam vir (^J M.) Epigrammati To thci, great God, whule piercing eve can 
Anglic^ reddilo, quful fai^c utir.am laudare dart [heart, 

liceret, fuSjiingit notahim hujufroo^i, Thron,'»h ihe dark windin;;s of the huroaii 

** InulL lin. 2. lip. pro /L-.-rra*; leg. uilu'v." To thee I pour my fuppUcating cries— 

li nolo elfe corre^lnr intcrpre!i> et coniec- Ft^r liiou art, yet, as merciful as wiCs 1 



Qui 

toris noitnc Mui'ar, &)as tu, dm iy|)Ographi 

tui. 

•• P. 941. coL X. 1.9- pro *' jiiiTans*' leg, 
« julferis." 

L. penult. Epig — «' /.c^Trw"— " ..^r.;;*.." 
Ca9iabrigi<T, N on. Feb. A.D. 1793. 

Dicasix AcAusMictsj 



1 vieign from thy etiierial tlirooe to hear. 
The mvocAtion of a foul fuicere 
Aiui,fince thy goodnefv has allow'd me tinie. 
To lee my error, and repent my crime^ 
O ! graxit an earnelt of eternal day, 
Kor caJt thy pnii^rate penitent away! 
I't'b. II. i;9j. 



ir93-] 'C »69 ] 

MINUTES or the FHOCEEDTNGS op tub NATIONAL CONVENTION or 

FRANCEf ( continue J from p. 74.) 

/:Sft.nnH£ Ele^fum of a Prefiilenc took having uken it, he retrn^tf, he ihall be coil* 
'4* J place, ubea Fernioiu was eiedetl. fiilrreU as liaving abdicated the Royalty.'* 
Mirtf was a canJkUief but liaU only one Tlie Nation liere hath forefecn a crime 
vue. and enacted a foiieicure ; bot tliere is not a 
Dfc.i^. It was decreed, tliar, in all the. fingle wrrd to be found concerning either 
Ciuirrics occupied by ilie arnnies of tlie Re- trial or judgement. However, as, without 
puMic, tiie Gcu«raU Qull proclaim peace, retracing on unth, a King might betray and 
frjteniitv, aiid equality 1 abfililh t:tlics, iiobi- favour criminal and hoftile principles againit 
litf, jod ^u*lal fervicef, and ciinv«>ke Pri- theStite, the Nation hath been aware of this, 
mary AflieinbLies ; but tliat none of the pri- and tiie Conllitution hath provided againit it* 
vJegcd order (hall be allowed tn vote until Art. VI. •< If the Kin^ places himfelf at 
ihey have Iworu to renounce all tl^ii' prir tlie head cf an army, and directs the iorces 
Tildes. again (I the Nation ; or if lie d«>e8 nut op|K>fe 
Dee. 16. After a long debate, it was L<e- liimKU, hy a formal ndV, to any enterprife of 
creed that all the Members of the fuinily of ttii^ kind ni:«de in his name, l»e (hall be con- 
Bout boD-Capet, then in France, except thofe fidered i< h.\v'mz abdicated tlte Royalty.** 
c<infin?il in the Temple, whofe fate the Con- <* I befeech you to reflet on the heinout 
vtntion are to i'ecide upon, (houUI quit tlie natare of this otfence { there cannot be « 
department of Paris in 24 hours s and the niore criminal one. It foppoies all th»- 
Ierritui7 of the Republic, and the tcni-oiy maciiinaiionf, all the perfidies, alltlietrea- 
occupied hy its armies, in three days." f(>n>» all the horrors, all the calamities o£ 
Dk. 26. Central Santerre announced, blcody civil w^r. And yet what does the 
** Louis Cap?t is arrived, and waits the Conftitucion pi onounce ? The prcfump ioa 
orderk of ilie Couveution: after .whicli, tlio ofluving abdicated ttie Royalty I** 
Prefu'e-it faid: Art. VII. « If tlie King, having left the 
** I announce to this AfTcmbly, that Louis kingdom, fliall not return immediately after 
aiul his Couiifcl aie rcidy t<i appear at the an invitation made to him by the Legjllltiv« 
btf, and tlierehy prohibti the Galleries from Body, then, &c." 

ixhiblting eiilicr their opinion^, or their What does tlie Conflitution pronounce 

wiihes, by any muvcmeut of difcontunt or upm this occafion ? Tlie prefumptioh of 

approbation.*' having ahdicnted tlie Royalty. 

A profound filonce having then enfiicd, Art.VHL fays, " That afteran ahdica- 
LouivXVi. appealed at the Bar, with his tinn, either exprefs or implied, tlie Kiiijir 
CounfeL Ihall clien be :i ied, in tliii.fame manner as ail 
The P,if.Ieru, •* Louif, tl.e Convrntion has other Citizens, for fuch crimes as he may 
decreed, That joufliaU be heard debnttively j^ommit after his abdication. Louis is accufcd 
Cii^iUy." of fundry ofivnies. Hcj is accufed in the 
!*.<* Xn. '* I here prefent one of my nnme of the Nation Now, cither thcie 
CtHir.fcl lo yov; — (.it tlie fame time positing ctrsnceb have been forefcen by the Conftitu- 
<>.t M. Komjine Udezt) — ^lie %vid icad my tioiul Act, and then tlie correfpondcnt 
ilcfer.ce.** puuu'hment is to be applied to them ; or they 
7a ."rf/./:^/. " Lruif, youmay bcfeotcd." liavcm»tj and, if fo, it follows, that iu» 
OntlMS Louis XVi. and his CnuiUel fat piii:iihniciu can bo inriii^led for their corn- 
down on cluii's prepareti for tliein 0:1 the niiliion. But I fay, that the moll atrocious 
mrfide uf ii*e hiir i and M. Dvfeze re.id his of :ill (>oflihle cfl^enccs hath been forefcen— 
Defrnce, from which we here iiiieit iuroe of that of a cruel war agninfl the Nation ; and 
Uie iDoft fiircible paflages. thih furely includes all inferior crimes, and 
" ia 1789 tlie people of France demanded coi.tcquoatjy points out ttie extent of all con* 
aMonarcliical fuiiu of Governmeii:. Njw, Hic.tiional puuifhrnents." 
a Monarchica! Government re(|uires the As foon as M. Defeze had concluded, 
iariolahiUty of the Chief, and thib iuviolabi- Lojis XVI. anife, and i[H<ke a<; follows : 
Iiiy was el!abli(hc:|, not in behalf of the <• Citizens! You have heard my Defence; 
King, but (rf" the Nation. I open the Book I fhaii not therefore refume the particulars of 
of Che Cooftitutioa, and in the fecoud cliap- it, S|)eaking to you, as 1 now do, perhap» 
tcr, under the title F^jalfj, I there find, for the lafl time, 1 think it nectfTiry to de- 
fhat t!ie King is inviolable : there is not any clare, that my own coiifcience does not re- 
cxoeptiob Co, nor any modification of, this prouch me with the commiiiion of any crime* 
article. But certao circuroftances may oc« My Advocate has, on this fnhje^^, teid you 
cur, when the flrft public fun^ionjiy may nothing more than the tnith. My heart is 
•cafe to enjoy this chaia^Hr of inviolability, torn at feeing my felt fufpedted of having 
The fbUowiog is the firft inltance : cauled the blood of tlie people to be fpilt r 
Title iii. Chap. ii. Sect. i. Art. v. " If and more efpecially, of having been thought 
tbc King ftaall not take die oatti, or, after t^c author of what occurred on the icih of 
BiyiT.ldAQ.fdrM'Yf 1793. A.'gvft. 

10 



1 70 PfHiidlngs ofihi NatUnal Ctnvintm 9f France. f Feb. 

AuguLt 1 franlLly avow to you, that the hdd private ooiiferences with Malcflwrbe^ 
muUiplied proofs o( my love for tlie people one of the Kiog's Cotinfel. ^ 
ought, m my opinion, to have annihilated The Prerident repelled the invedive with 
tbif fufpicion ( fur more tlvin once 1 have dignity, and chaileaged .iny man to prove 
not beep afraid of expiiAng my own perfoo that he haii cunverfeU with Maklhertie^y hni 
in order to Ipare their lives." « Cur the purpofe of fettling the mode of re- 
After a long aiHl tumuUuom debate, the ceivmg the Coanfel ^t the bar. 
Convention reCglved, •« That Louis CapeL he A/. Ctuithm mnved, that the dircuflirm 
remanded s and Uut all other public bufinefs ihuuld he opened immediMvly, and coo« 
ceafe until after hual judgement,*' tiiiued» in preference to all other roattent 
Immediately after the late Monarch and till judgement wasgiven. 
, bb Advocates had left the bar, M. Manuel Many Members, conceiving that this pre* 
moved, '' That tlie accufation and defence of venied referring tl;e vrltoie to the Primary 
Louis might lie upon the uble, for the in- AlIemhlie:,wi(heutofubftiiutr, forjutlgneat 
fpeAion of the Convention, jud that the lat- given, pruiuiuiicing on the Fate uf liie King. 
far might he printed and dillributed among The fame party wlio had before dtilurhed 
the Members, and Uaufmitted to the 84 the Convaitioni anJ maJe it ap|ieur rather 
Departments." lil^e an area of Gladiators than mi Atfembly 
^L Dubem (aid^ that tlie mmnent the occupied about tlie judgement of a King, here 
trial was overy he (huuld move Cui^ putting again, by me«us4if tlieir tumultiMiu^ move- 
the queftion of GMiity^ or Net Gm/ty, (l^law menis, enUeavonred to prevei.t all debbera^ 
diti/rwif the G^hy,) tions ; and, horrible to rctite, party oppoicd 
M. Bmzire wiOied that Louis might be in* tberoCielves to partyi^ and by tlietr reprunciies, 
ftaotly judged* menaces, and gelliculations, feemed u«tcr- 
M. Laijuimsisn I hope tliat the ferocious mined to decide the queAion by tlie Areiigih 
4ays of domeilic flaughtcr are over, and that of tlieir arms. 

we (ball be hurried to no decree that may At length, order being in fome meaforc 

diihiaiour ust and t)iat we fiuU on no ac- reftured, 

tooot come to any determination before we M. Peeion rofo— Is it thus. Citizens, tlwtt 

lu^ maturely cenfidered tlie defence which we treat the great inteivils of the Stafe } 

now lies on your table, efpecially as it moft (hturruption.) It is not with thefe violenccsp 

cffiBoUally concerns the public weaL Let it with tiiefo paffions, tliatwe cm judge men 

Aeverbe faidy thai Louis was judged by the or things. It is imixiffible to get into this 

Confpiratorsoft}ie/>o/ydayofthefecond of Tribunal without landing the mark for 

September. ( Uen loud munmunffom the Gai- the moft atrocious calumnies. Thqp call out 

Uf fia»d fame cfitd lit f*^ Let him be Jemi to pri^ •« The Enemy 1 The Royalill !" if we are 

>«.'V n* of tljcir party, and others fpeak' of 

itf. LaHJmimtit proceeded — " Tliefe are not liberty. Can we give it to others^ Uf we are 

ippcHations of my creating ; they have been flaves ourfelves ? Who among yoi| is there 

frequently ufed io this tribune by Barbarcu» that wifhes a King ? 

«nd others. — Lq^i^^ators! You cannot bniig All tlie Membersmowrofe, crying^ « AW/ 

liirwani accu£atiors, and apply the law to Nom ."* 

thertt 1 You ought not to act the charaaer After a fpeech of fome length, tending to 

<rf judge and jury, liaving already fet forth invite tlie Alfembly to a farther examination 

yo« opinions to the world. The law ouglit of this impmtant fubjedl, 

to prvferve the molt fcrupulous forms 1 and The Convention decreed, « that Oie fur- 

I truft tJie majoniy of us would mudi rather ther difcuilion of the proceedinga aga nft 

die» than comtemnthe moft flagitious tyrant Louis XVI. is open^ and (hall be continued 

|py rules that did not apply to evei7 Citizen." without any other bufiocts interieriog till 

The Pxefident now put the queAion of judgement be proiiouuced upon him. 

ftdjouramentt and declared it was carried Dee. 27. The Convention refumed the 

ID the affirmative. diiculfiun refpedling cbft d^faice of Lou.s 

n{erf a moji ctiiia mmi difgractful fxnt en- Capet. 

jJd^^tbt people in the Galleria^ who feemed ^'* 7^ opened tlie debate in a long fpeeth, 

to be in Uague with a party in the jljmkly^ in which lie argued, Uiat» if Louis was ui^ 

atclnimed agmnfi ibis dedjkn, mnd fime ^ the noccnt, the people muA bo guilty 1 he con- 

iatter a&MoUy ran up towardt fix Prefidcmt^ rt^ eluded \y moving, ilvat eacli Member AivNi'd 

'miltd him with^ fife mafi cpptUfritu epttUti, mount ilie Tribunal, and declare aloud 

and aduaily threattMed bi* perfm <ufitb violencf.'] tliat Louis is goilty, or Louis is ionocent! 

M Juhen ((Sized tlie op|>ortunity of in- Many otlier Members afterwanis f|vi|Lc, and 

veighing againft the l^fidcui and tlie Arifio- the debate w:is adjounied tUl iIm next djiy. 

crat), as wifbing to dilfolve the Republic In tlvc Seflion uf the 18th; i&u«#, Ltwim 

He cieiiredthM the Preiideot might be turned «/o, JUbaud^ and Raberfpientt were tW 

out of the Chair, as unworthy of the con- fpeakers ; Buxat and Rtiaud for, and th« 

fidcnce with which his oolleagiies had reA againft, an appeal to tlie pooiile, refma» 

lHH]oiK«dliim|.^ch»r|edhimwiUil.aving in|r Um verdi^ oa Louis CapeL jj/ort de- 

. . mkJtrxA^d 



< 743*] Pr§aeduigs $ftbt NaiUmU C$wenihn •/ France. 171 

Ruiided Khb report of tho decree by which made in that cotmtiT \ the debates 10 P^uw 

Che Cmventian declared itfelf t}ie Judge in liament, wkh rifpeA to Frances the detea* 

the aftiir, and wiOied that the verdkt <bou)d tion of two French veflels, loaded with com| 

Ve given in an open Court confifting of 84 and die means ufed to prevent the circidacion 

Lawfen, apponted by the 84 Eledloral of French paper in En^Lind* He then re* 

Ccirps. DmhMtel was, on the contrary ^ for cited foroe daufesof the Bill juft pafled» 1^ 

Kuiiflimenc. The bufineft nvas adjoorned fpe^ing foreigners in England, 

till the next day. , The Executive Council of France ha-J de^. 

A letter wa* read from the Court of Ma- cided, x. That the MiniAer of the French 

drid, addreflcd to the Foreign MinK^cr, in Republic at London (boiild preient a note le 

favour of tlw d 4rvaiii Xing : The Aflembly, the Briiilh Mioiftry, in which he fliould de^ 

however, vafled on m the order of tlie day. roand, in the name of the^rencli Republic^ 

fn the Seflinn of the 29th fix Membera * clenTf ready, arwl cate^^cal anfwer upen 

Cpoke, aiuft of wl om were for the baniih- this qneftimiv ^ Whether the general deno» 

ment of Louis Cipet 1 the reil were for mination of Foreigners, ufed in the new Bill^ 

pittirtg him to deaths but all except one w.isnseant to co*i>prife Frenchmen, a. If 

we«e for Lraving the final judgement of tlie so aflirraatiTe aiifwer (hould be retumedy 

si'Jfvttnt King to the Primary AfTemblies. or if none fliould be received within three 

Ac 30. A/. Mmuiel moved that the cele- d^ys, the Minifter fliall he anthorifed to de- 

brttion cif Twelfth-day (Fttedes Ru'sJ (hould dare, that the French Republic cjnnoc bic 

be pmhiHtcd througtiout the territories of conMer fuch condu^k as an infhiAtnn of the 

Chtf Republic. This motion was difiHiled of treaty of 1786) and that, in confeqtience^ 

by callmg for the ociler of the day. flie (hould ceafe to ooniider herfolf as bound 

M. ^hie'fit g»ve notice of the (late of hy it. This report of the Minifter was re* 

paper-money, viz. Amount of aflignats burnt, ferred to the Marine and Oiplometic Cooa- 

44 1 millious of Itvres; aAisnats in circulation, mittees. 

1 ir.illiards, zo6 miilionsy 231 thoufand, 645 Jan, i, 1793. The report of the above 

Uvres. Committees was read, in which it was ihewn. 

The Miniftrr at War annouooed, that a that the detention of the two velCels laden 

Citiien svifhed to raife a body of troops, with corn might not be an hoilile a^l on 

under the name of Leghn Batave % but on the part of England ; for that the ekpofw 

4he oKervation of feveral Members that tation of com was prohibited Uiere. The 

the Repuhl-c was not at war with HoUarni, Coiwention accordingly decreed, << That the 

1^ mattfr was referred to the Military Exeaitive Power (hould give an account of 

Committee. the oHlcial declarations m-ide to the £ngli(h 

Albert S.imate, a Foli(h Oilicer, appeared Miniftry upon this fubje^, and of the 

at die bur, and invoked the alii (lance of the anfwers received in cunfe<|iienGe of them. 

^efHililic, ill behalf of his unfortunnte coun* The report then went on to propofe a de« 

trv, now groaning under the oppreflion of an dnration, tliat;the French were ready for 

anhitioiis Woman, the enemy to the Liberty war, or for alliance, with Ungland^ aiid to 

nf all Nations. M.Snmate was received with demand that 30 fail of the line :ind S4frigatcs 

great pulitcnefs, and his petition was referred (hooKI be immediately armed j as well as 

10 Uie Diplomatic Committee. that Commiriioners (hould be fent to al^ 

Dec. "it. A/. ^gwViia- fupported, nt great tiie Maritime Dep:u-tments. The laftpropc* 

length, Che propofal for referring to the fal, made by the report, Tint a Cumroiltce 

Primary AfTemblies ^ decifion relative to of general defience (hould be formed, wae 

ll« onfiirtunate Louis. Af. Cot tin Fullier decreed by tlie AfTembly; the utheis weie 

was for the f:<me meafure^ which MM. Af^^ referred to that Committee. 

nmn and Duboix CrMr« oppofed. The AC- JaM.x, Upon the propofitionof ^r^/i^^, 

fembly liftened attentively to all tbe fpeakers. the Convention decreed, " Tlmt the fecoiid 

St. Aodi« fpoke againft the appeal to the year of the Republic ihall he dated fr<im the 

people. firil of January 179} ;" this alteration ap- 

Tlie (ediien of Cbamps^Efyfi^ have pafTed pearing necelfary, to make the xra of the 

a vote of cenfure againh thole fe^ions which Reptiblic coincide with the common xra. 

Inve codiavoiiredto inftuence'the Conven- The Convention having rcfumed the dif* 

tionj and to procure a decifion againft Louis. cu/Tion relative to Louis X Vi. Marat der 

Ruptute wth Eng/ar>J, manded to fpeak, but was (topped by a de« 

Tnaneftranidinaryfittingafi Monday nightj ereethat he (hould not be Iteard. He ex« 

Decsfytlie Minifter for Foreign Affairs made claimed, w:is greatly agitated, and declared 

a report upon the difpo(itions of a Bill, that this proceeding was abominable and 

trbich^ he faid^ was before the Pariiametic of fcandnlons. His anger excited much laughters 

Kagland. relacive to foreigners in that king- Gmli^.itt, after liaving obfervcd Uinc 

dooB. He begani by promiffing, for the 6th Lmits not only merited ueath, but even worfc 

inftnCy his general recapitulatiun and (tate- tonuresthan Damiens, orjames Clement, had 

iiNDt of the roeafures ufed by tlie Executive experienced, proceeded to examine whether 

Qovemment with refpeift to England, when it would not be more advanugeous for the 

In ftooMa^b nine th4ho^e preparations Nation to ooadeina him to perpetual im- 



172 Pnaedings iff the Katlonal Qmvention d/f ranee. [Feb* 

priibnment. The ileath of a King, faid he, of iht prefent month of Jaatury, laUl violent 

does not deftmy Royalty I and the llranshng hands on, and barbaroufly murOered, our 

of a Sultan never reftor*^ liberty to Afia.^ dearly-beloved and highly«hoiiourad brother 

Perpetual imprifonroent has in it fonKihing and Sovereign the King, Lonis the XVlth 

very degrading, which is very proper to by name — We declare, that the DanpliiUf 

excite difguft againft Tyramiy. Po not Louis Charles, bom the 17th cl^ of March* 

think that fuch a puniihment is a favour, the year of our Lohl 1785, is King of France 

Vifit cur dungeons ; and you will hear the and Navarrs, under . the name of Louts ttie 

grsaleA crininals, condemned to perpetual XVIlth. We furthermoie declare, in viitue 

imprifonment, foliciting death as a relief of our birth-right, and tlie fundameotal laws 

from their fuherings. Detain Louis a pri- of the kingdom of France, thnt we are, ami 

fooer, and you will fee him become Tifiare- will aft as Rci^ent of France during tl>e mi* 

trvw to all Sovereigns of Europe. He con« nority of tlie King, our nepliew and Sove- 

chided by moving, tliat Louis flionld be tried reign Lord. 

by the Convention, and that their fentence Thus invefted with t\\d exercife of the 

might be referred to the Sovereign People, riglits and powers of the Someignty in 

«ifonibled ,in the Primary Affemblies, for France, and of the fupreme admioiftr^tiioa 

their fauftion* of Roy.il juftice thnmglKrat the f id king- 

Csrrn confidered the defence of LouisXVT. dom, we, in oonfequetice of cMir «ri>ligaiiiine 

made by Defeze, as a feries of fubterfuges, and duties fo to do, lake tt|KMi ouifelves the 

l>aradoxes, and falfehnods. ** They fpeak faid charge of Regent, 

to you," faid he, '< of new defpots 1 but We are Uierefore determined, with the 

who will dare to raife himfelf above liis fcl- afllAance of Divine PiT>vi-(tace, and thnt of 

low-citizens, if you condemn the tyrant to our good and loyful fuhtefts of all rmks and 

death ? but, pn the contrary, who will be orders, aided by the pinverful fuccinirs of the 

deterred from thinking of it, if you leave allied Sovereigns for ihe f.«me pnri'oie, to do 

Capet alive ? As foon as tlie head of this our utmoft endeavours to recover tlie libeny 

-traitor (hall hive fallen, other King<, and of oar Royal n^-pheu- King Loui$ XVIlth f 

even Mr. Pitt, will feel wliether theirs be of her MajeAy, h<s augull mother and giur^ 

upon their flioulders. 1 confider the appeal dian ; of tlifi frincefs Royal, Maria Therefi, 

to the People as an inconfiftency, as it would his fifter aod our niece; and of her Royal 

be giving to the aftairs of an individual tcm Highnefc the Princefs Elisabeth, hii aunt an^ 

much importance, and as it would tend to our deareft fifter ; all held in the fevered 

iet the French People at variance with their captivity by the chiefs of a fadion. 

Reprefentatives." We are likewife determ'-ned and refolved 

Genfinnet faid, that Louis was guilty, and to effect the re-el\ab4(hmeiit of the French 

defened deatli ; but being perfuaded that the Monarchy on tlie unatte* able bafi<( of tlie 

fovereignty of the People was violated in French Conftitution, with a reform of tho^e 

eveiy inllance, when that which could be abufesthat may have been introduced in tlie 
done by them was clone by delegates, he was public adinniftratinn. We will likewife 

for the appeal to the People. exert ourfelves in the refturotion of tlie rcli- 

■ ' , gion of our forefathers to ic> original pority» 

ORIGINAt STATE PAPERS. according to tlie canonical difcipline of the 

DzcLAKATioN OF THE RscENT OF church. Wc will, moreovcf, re-eftabli(h 

FRANCE. ^he Magiftrature, fo cffeniial to tlie revival 

Lewis Stan'flaui Xavier, tf Frame, Sen cf ^^^ Sj?"^' "'•*'^«; ?"i.^«^« «»«« »"? rcgula- ad- 

• France. V^cU to ibe frefj King, and Rrgeni "^>">l^'-al:on of juft.ce ; we a fo p.om.fe to 

./■ tbt KJ.gd^:-^ToJtl>.Jc Jho may tTrufe f^'^f ^te all and every ttefcnption of pcrtors 

ebefe tr,fin/s, Prutlng. ' ' m the fuU enjoyment of the.r property, 

■^ ^ -^ ' * BOW ufurpeJ ; and m the free exercile of 

WHEREAS the rooft criminal of men their lawful rights, of which they may have 

have, by the perpetration of the moil atn)- been illegally deprived. In order to enforce 

cious of crimes, completed the weight of the law, we fhall piwifh crimes with fevc- 

their iniquities ; We, ftmck with horrour on rity, and in an exemplary manner, 
receiving the infoiiiiation, have invoked the in fine, for the fulfilling of tliis folennii 

Almighty to enable us, by his gracious engagement, wc have thought proper to af- 

afliftaoce, to fupprefs the emotions of our fume the reins of government, in eoni^naion 

juft indignation, caufcd by the fentiments of with our deareft brother Charles Philip of 

the profi>\ii>d grief which had overwhelmed Fn^nce, Count of Artois ; to whom areuni- 

us; to the end that we might the better ted our dear nephews, grandfons of France, 

fulfil thofe effential duties tliat are, in cir- tlicir Royal Highnelfes Louis Anthony, 

curaftances ft> weighty, the firft in order Duke of Angoulemc, and Charles Feitlinand, 

amongjtliofe obligations which the unchange- Duke of Berry ; and our obufiiis, their Royal 

«blo Uws of tlic French Monarchy impofe Highncfles Louis Henry of Bourbon, Prince 

nP«» "S* of Conde j Ixmis Henry Jofeph of Bourbon, 

The fierce uforpers of the fovereign au- Duke of Bourbon 1 and Louis Anthony 

thority i& Franpe,- having, op the a ift day Heoiy of Bourbon, pi^ke ' of £aghetn ; 

Fiiace(| 



*7930 Dtclaretion of the R'^gmt of France. lyj 

Princcfs of t^*e Blood Rcyyal — onnform;«b1f Tt^i^ fird kS\. of the Regmcy \re aflanw 

to the ticclararion we conjitintty addi-elTetl lo iliew-5y according co (lie wi(h of cmr hearty 

the late Km!* the roMi of S.'ptemher, 179 IV ^^^^ ^^^^ confitience we luve in yoii 

and every Cher a6l fi^ed hy 115, to be confi- On tl>cfe caufes, and for tliete lumouniMe 

«^red as the ilccl.'iacuins of ocir un*fnrm ends .uid purpoCes, we have appointed and 

priiiciples and <t:iu;rrient« : nnd w« inviria- conftitucrd you hy thefe prefents L. O. 

Hy norfii^ ;n rlo'e ' urfaid afls, fur tiie pur- of t1>e kingd'im of France ; invefting yoo 

p^ics anden%ts afortf :-ii. wich all thuCe powers that the Regait of 

We dierefoie order and dire^ all the na- Franre can delegate, and particularly of coar« 

tivr«of Kraii'.p, fingly and colledlively, to manding in our ahfencr, and in otir prefenoe 

oSey the comnund^ ch«!y may :uid will re- under our mtliority, ttie armies of the Kin^ 

cenre fronn nson the part of the King. VVe Be it underftood chat all the olTicers of his 

firthermore enjoin nil the lovtm: fuhje^ of Msi..(Vy in rhe militay line, or mag'ftenal 

th:< onr king.loiY), to (hew rtbc^i^nce to the capacity, as well ar all Frenctimeny the fub- 

orders ttiat ciDy '•nd \v\\\ he ifTtied hy our jedb of the King, are to obey yonr com- 

dea*eft bro^hf-r. Chnri*.-s Phibp of France, niands gi.en by you in ihi: name of the King 

Cuunt of Anois, named and coniUtuted hy us or Regent of France. It i^ our pleafure thac 

JLicuCeoaat-General of tite kingdom, in the you afllft at al the Crtuncih of Stat«?, Jutliooy 

fumrandon Che part ot' the King and Re- and Adminillr.ttioii, aid rrhersthat it may 

gent of France. be judged necediry to (>f>a> i.rh ;' the fame to 

fn fine, we dtreA and enjoin a!1 the King's be prefi^ied Hy you in our ..'i." -.'•x' ; all which 

Oflkrrs, whether military or m^gifterial, to powers (hall continue m f r- c jii long as our 

pnMi(h and notify tiiis our prefi-nt decU- Regency lalh, unleis reftidiatil or annulled 

r Jtinn to allchfife to whom it miy pertain, by our autlioriry. 

mi'.horifiPg ard empowering them to make In virtue of thtfe prefrnt^, all Lettei-s Pa- 
it known in Friiice ; and when ciraimft:in- tent illued in the ordinary form, a-, d ad- 
ces permit the fererat Courts of Jnftice to drelfed to the Oniits of Juftire of the king- 
re-atTiime their fundlion in their refpcdtive dom, wh-n itf-eft iblilhcd m their rcfpefti^'C 
jiirifdi6)ion<y the laid declaraDon, as foon as Juhfii^iops, are to be tliereui legalized, en- 
eo^»eii»«r.Tly may be, is to be i^nmediately regifteic J, puhliihcd, a-id executed. 
Ii;g;i:izcd. pahlilhcd and executed. Given ;ii Ham iii Wrl^phala, unJer our 

GiTeo dt Ham, in VVe(\ph»iia» under onr h.tndiand common Seal, and cnuntcrfij^ned by 

#ral ; wbicli is wliat we make ufe of in the the Marihals rtroglio and CafVrie«, -mr Mi- 

fi*nm; of fnvereign a»*ts, till t'le feal«! of ilie ni'lers of Si are, the iSih day of the mniith of 

kinsdnm, dedruyed by the reigning faftion, Jmi:a'y, anno 1-9^^ and n^e liift yuir of 

are le-mnde : to be likewifc cnunt«2r-r!gnetl the rei n of h-s nrcfviut Mnj«;fty. 

by the Marihals Hroglio an-l Caftrifs, onr (■''C'>«'*) l-oui? Si anm»-i.au'> Xavier. 

Mtnifteps of Sra'e, Hie 28th day of J -nnary, {Underfigned,by order of tl:cK. rg' m of •■ ranee) 

in lite year of gr.^ci* 1793, and tlie ill of the The Vaifinil B.<oci.io, 

nign (if Louis XV if. Mnrih.ill de Ca^triis. 



Signed, Louis STAyin.AusXAViBi. 



The LAST Will am-Testamint of 



Letter Pat:?it ijfidt.i hy fh€^e.ge\Mcf France, Hisi. Axr mostChristtan Majesty. 

Jtt the naming a Luutenant-Gcural of the IN the iiime of tijc Holy. Trinity, the Fa- 

krngthm. ther, bi»n, and Holy Giiod; Fhi^ day« 

Louis Staniflau^ Xavier, Sen of France, Unctc D;c. 2T. 1792,1 Louis XVI King of France, 

to the Kiftgf iind Ifr^rnf of the hir.rihm \ to hnvin-:; btzw for more t!i:»n Fo«r Moatlis 

cur drttr bt^thtiy Ctiarle^ Philip of Fra'ue, fhut up with my Family in the Tower of 

fotiif Fr.vice, Count tf .*1ftQi\y Greeting. the 1 en pi 3 at Paris, hy thofe ulin were 

Ihe God of our fa'.hers, t:ie Coil \i^ St. my Siihic(f^s, a:ui deprived cif eveiy kind of 

Louis, who ha<fo long protend the French co.nniimic.ttion with my Family fmce tlie 

Monarchy, will certainly noC permit its final ztth of t!us month ; and being moreover 

^eflni^ioii by the Ir.nds of a fet of factious involved in a 1 ri.i!, of which, from the paf- 

snen, a« execr.it>le by their impious audacity fijus of Mankind, it is impoHiMe to foiefea 

as by the enc^rmity of the crimes ihey have the event, nnd trr which n^sither pretext 

committed. Heaven has affuredly, and it is nor precedent can he fo nJ in any exiding 

our grrateil hope, deftined us co be the mi- Law; having no Witnefs of my thuuglus 

nifters of his juftice, to revenge the blond but God, and no one but Him to whon 1 

of the King our brother, which thefe mon- can adtlrtri's my'elf, 1 here decla.e, in His 

ilers have dared to fpill with the rpoft alto- prefence, ;iiy I.1II ^^ .1; an J Semim^nt^ 

nilhing ferocity. It is therefore to place onr ile.re my So d ro God, my Cna'or : I 

nephew and Sovereign on the throne of his implore Him to rc.er. e it in Hts Mercy, and 

teher, to rc-ii»ftate and mai;Kain him in the not to judije it according to its merits, but 

pofleflion of all tiieriglits and prerogatives of according to thel'c of otir Lord Jeius Chrift, 

his crown, tlat we »U upon you, Ciiarles who ottered H.-nfelf as a Sacrifice to God^ 

Philip of Francei Count d'ArtoaSi to aid and His Father, for us Men. unworthy as we 

sUliA us. were, aud erpft:'uUy myfdif. I di« in the 

Com- 



1 74 The lafl IV'tll cf Lou is the Sixtttntb. [Feb. 

CoromaAieii of onr Cathnllc, ApoAAlic. ano aii^t my SiHcr, who have for ib long a tiiiM 

Homan Mather Church, n-hich holds its Ai/Teie^l with mo— to fufiport tliem hy his 

l^owers by an nnhiteTniptecl SucceflHon from Gi ace, flmulU they happen to lofe fiM, fo 

%tt Peter, to whom JefusChriA had entruHed long as tlity (hall rtmatp ui this ptrilhable 

tAem. I firmly heliercy and 1 confefs, all World. 

th^t is fcontnined in the Commamlment!; of 1 recommend my Children to my Wife : 

God and the Churcl-.— in the Sacraments ?nd X liave never iloubted of Iter macerojil ten- 

^Tyfteries wliich the Church teaclM:s, and dcrncfs for them. 1 lecommeniied to Iter to 

\aik always tanght. I have never pi-efumed m^tce them g'KMJ Cliriltaus and iMinoft ; to 

to make myfelfa )udcr(r as to the diffisrcnt induce them lo coofidc'r the Graiideuri of 

manners of -explamrn^ the Doctrines which this World ((htmld tliey he coni^omned tu 

dSvide the Chmch of Jefos Chrift; bul I make trial of them) as no oilier thaii daoge- 

liavd always referred niyfelf, and Iball al- roiB and peiifliahle podeflioos ; and to lum 

Drays refer myfelf, if God (hall grant me tl^ir view to the only folid and dttrahlc 

Life, to the Decifions which the Superior GUm y oC Eternity. 

EcclefiaOics united to the Holy Catfxdic 1 befeech my Sifter to be pleafed to coti* 

Gliurch give» and fli;iU gi e conformably to timie her Csrulernefs to my Children, and to 

fll0 IXfcifline of the Church, foikywed fmce vpply to tliem the place of a Mother, 

J«fu« Chriit flionld they Itave Uie mi|i6rcuiie to lofe tbeir 

I lament trith my whole Heart our Bre- own. 

Unrn who may be in Error : but I do not i befeech niy Wife to foiT^ive me all thofc 

fvreiume to judjce them ; and I do not tlie evils which Oie fiifTcfj for me, and the un«i- 

left love tltem all in Jefns Chrift, agreeably rmelfes whici) I may liave given her in tlie 

to what Chrii^'nn Clurity teaches us. courfe of our unitm ; at ihe mjy be alTureii^ 

f implore God to pardon me all my Sins, that I retain nothing in my mind refpoAmg 

t have en«fcavoiired fcrupulouHy to know her, flxnild Ihe imagine that ihe l)a!t any reik* 

, them, to deleft tlxm, and to humble myfelf ion to repro *cli lierfelf with ref}>o^ to vu9i 

in His prrfence. 1 ean)eftly recommend to my CliiUrei. 

Not havmg it in my power to avail myfelf after what tl«ey owe to God, which the^ 
of the Miniftry of a Catholic Prieft, I im- oonhi;, to coitfider as prior to •very thiiy 
plore God to receive the Confetfion which T elfe, to renruin always united among tbeni* 
have made to Him s and, above all, my fclvef, fubraiifive and obedient to tbeir Mo- 
ptofound rpp^ntance for having put my thei', and grateful to her for all tho paint flit 
JN: me (althotigh it was contrary to my Will) takes for them, und in memory of nne. 
to thofe Adis which mav he contrary to the I Iwfeech tliem to confidcr my Sifter as a 
difcipline and the belief of the Catliclic fecond Mother. I recommend to my Son* 
Church, to which 1 have always remained fhoiiUl he have the mis^Mtune to become a 
fu cerely united in my hwart. I implore King, to ref)e<^ that lie owes hirofelf en- 
Go^ to receive the firm rcfoution 1 enter- tiiely to tlie liappinefs of his FeUow-CiSf 
taiu, fhould He grant me Life, to avail my- zeiis \ tliat lie ought to 6>rget all liatred ami 
li'lf, as foon as it fhall be in mv power, of refentn*ent, and ef|)ecially all which ha« a 
tl.e Mioiftry of a Catholic Phcft, to nccufe reA-ieiKe to tite mihfortunes and miferies 
myfelf of all my Sim, and to receive the Sa- which 1 vxperiencoi that he canikit efle^ 
crameiit of Penitence. the happintfs of his people, but hy reigning 

I befeech all ihofe whom by inndverence accoiding to the laws; tliat, at the f^me 

I may have oflfe'^dcd (for 1 do not r^'>l]ei5) t*me, h Kiii|^ canmit m^ke ihofe refpe^£le|}| 

•ver knowingly to have committed an of- (^r do ih^ gotKl which is in his heart, uiloifs 

fence againft any one), or thofe to wliom 1 ^e p " clles the nece(r!i7 atUlNuity ; and 

may have given a bad example, oi* occafion th:ii titiierwife being confined in his apentr 

for fcamlal, to pardon me the evil which tit»n^, and Dtmmanding no refpe^t, he is 

Cliey think I may have done them. nioi e Hurtful U^in ufcful. 

X befeecli nil thofe wtw have Charity, to I recommend to my Son to take care nf 

unite their Prayers to my own, to obtain all tliofe perfons who have been attached to 

.lirona God the pardon of my Sins. me, as far as the circumftances in which ho 

I pardon, wiilf my whole heart, thofe may find himfeif (hall give him an oppor« 

who have m:ide thcrofelves my enemies, tunity { to refle^l that this is a facred debt 

without my having given them any caufe ; which I have contra^ed towards the chil- 

and I pray to God, that he will pardon dren or the relations of thofe who havo 

them, as well as thofe who, by a falfe 2e.1l, perifhed fi*r my fake, and towards tliofe wlio 

or by a zeal tU-underftood, have done me have become mifcr^ble on my account. 

miicli evil. 1 kiK^w there ar^ leveral perfous in tlyi 

I recommend to God, my Wife, my number of thofe who were attached to me. 

Children, my Sifter, my Aunts, my Bro- who liavc not behaved towards, me as tb^ 

fliers, and all thofe who are attached to roe ooght to have done, and who liafe evQn 

•Vy the ties of Blood, or in any other manner ihewn ingratitude towards me : but 1 forgiyo 

nehatfoever. them, (for, in the aooments of trouble and 

I cfpccially iniplore God to caft the Eyes effervefcencc, one is not always ipafter pf 

«! 1^ Mercy upon mv Wife, say Childrtn one's fclf ;} and Ibtfeech my SoD| iboald he 

6t^ 



1^^3-1 ^'''' of Louis XVU—Kwsfrtm tht Contintnt. 175 

find w opponiinit]r» to reflcA oiily on their ^med tlie line of batt'.e, arid Che reft were 

m'ttfartunet. 1 wiih I cuuU here icftify my ahout tu follow them, when a greater aua.« 

tluRkfulnefslothoiiew'liohavemaDifeltedto- her of the SarUnimis defcendcd fnira tbs 

wenU one a true and difincerelled attach- niountaUis, mid atLickcJ them. Jn teis thao 

mem. On the one hand, if 1 have been half an hcMir, tfaefe 1500 men were killed^ 

fenfiUy alfefted by the insratitnde and dif< or made prifoneni. f he Iflanders tim 

loyjdty df ihofe Co wluim I have never aAed pointed tlieir guns againft the French ihifMy 

but with kindnefs as well to themfelves and kept up fo qiiik a fire, as obliged 

as to tlieir relations an-i frirods i on the them to retire to a diftance from (hurie. Ai 

ocher« f have had the conCidatian to ice the tlie fame tiqne a teiriblo dorm arote, wbidi 

volnncary attachment and iiuereft which continued twenty- four hours. Many ve(» 

many iMrGms have (hewn me. I befeech felt were deftruyod, as well npon tht Ctmh 

them to*receive all my clonks for this. In of Sardinia, as upon tiie llldod of Uparit 

the fituition in which things yet are, I fonie were driven upon the Coeft of Africa. 

Ihould lear to cnnimit them, were 1 to fpeak Of the wliole fleet, two only rode out tlia 

more explicitly 1 but I effiecially recommend florm, vix. the Langnednc of 90 guns, aiid 

10 my fon to fedc opporumuies of being able 1' Cntreprenant, of 74. They returned on ch« 

CO acknowledge tliem. a stli into the port of Narles, without eithar 

I ihouldy however, conceive, that I €»• mafts or fails; diey even wcm obliged tti 

lomniatted Che fentiments of the nation, were throw their guns and (lores overbjanl. 

I now openly to recommend to my Son Vtmetf Dtci-n. There has b^en in Chit 

M. M.deChtmilly and Hoe, whofe Ancert place a confideraMe iuuudatio» for 

attachment to me has indticed tliem to fhuc fovea or eight houirs, and die water wm 

Ihemfelfes up w^ith me in this forrowful within two indies as high as in 1783. It 

abode, and who liave been in danger of be* was caufcd by a violent ftoitn in the Adriatlci 

coning the unliappy vi^ims of thnt attach- accompanied by a very high wind, which 

nent. I alfa reommend to him Cler>', drove ttie water into Lagunes, and kept it 

with whofe attentio:i 1 have every reafon tlirre at a certain height. Nearly one tialf 

to be fatisfied fince he has been with roe to of Venice was inundateti, and the inhabi* 

10 Hit end. 1 befeech M. de la Commune tacts went to the fquarc of St. Marc. Sum- 

ID deliver to bim my elSeds, my hooks, my bci-s of the cillerus weie fjioileci, and filled 

watch, and the other little articles of my with falc water. 

propert)', which have been depofited with Coptr.hageny 'Jan. 3. Ky a Royal Edt6l of 

the Coofeil de Commune. tlie 7tli of N«>vemher, 179s, the trade with 

f moreover fully pardon thof^ wim have tlie Danifh Settlements upon the Coaft of 

gnarded me— the ill-trcarment and harfbnefii Guinea is declared free u> all nations wh;ic- 

whicb thy have thought it theu duty to «fe fiiever, witliout exception, trading in to* 

ttwirds me. reign-built fhi^vs, and without any refU'ainr 

I have found fome feeling and comp;)fn- refpe^ing tlie ai tides <if importation or <^ 

totte fouls: May thefe enjoy in their hearts Expoitaiion, incUuliMg Negroes; it bein; 

that tranquillity to which t!ieir mode of underftood, however, tb:it tlir-fe fhall nut 

thinking (hoold entitle them i be ex|x>rted till the end uf the year iSos* 

I befeech M. M. dc Malefherbes, Tron- oonfoiiuably to ttie Decree of March 16, 

chcty and Defeze, to receive here my iitrooft 1 792. 

thanks, and tlie eicpreirion of my fenfibility, r * a r^ *t v - r.' tr ^t 

IwiSihe pains aiid trouble they have been ^v/.-,??,/rc«r tU R^g^jur oj toe Ternj^. 

at on my account. y**"* * ^ • There api>eared before o?, thr 

1 conclude, by declaring, before God, atd Citizen Clergy, Vabt de Chambrc of Lovitf 
^eini ready to appear before him, tliat 1 do Capet, wh»> wilhed to m.ike adiCcoverytf 
not rtpcoach my (elf with any of thofe three ai tides, which he iiad been this mom* 
^imet which have been charged againft me. m entiufted with by Louis Capet, in pee. 
DupboKesof this inftruroent made at the f«vce t>f feveiwl Commuiioners, who bOCf 
Tower of the Ttrnplty tht aift of Decern* witnefs therein; which aitic'csare, a gold 
Itr, 1792. >^^'^S> ii^ ^^c infidu of which are engraved iht 

(Signed) LOViS. the letters M. A. A. A. $th Aprilis, 17709 

(Infcribed) B'\UDRA1S. iMu" Ant, Ar<iH,e Aujina] whicli rkoi^ 

Mmucipal Officer. Louis dire6led to be givtiu to hi.; fpouie, iay» 

I i .g, at the f^roe time, that it was with regr^ 

FoaiiOH iMTaLLiQittcs. tlut he partedwith it. Moreover, a gold watek 

lUfkif VtCntu The feaft of St Tho- feal, opening on three fales, on one eff 
«M$ h« been very onfortunate to Frauce. which were engraven tlw arms of France^ 
The French fleet* confifting of 44 fail, ap- on the fccond L. L- and un tlie third the 
JMtd tlMK OMxning on the coaft of Sar- head of a child, with ;i iielmct on ; which fie4 
glinaf not tax Irom Cil^iari, and endeavoured he ordered to be given to his fon ; and, lafUy^ 
In debark. Tht Iflanders allowed about a fmall paper, upon which was wntcen, in 
icon m^ to land* who, nn coming on (lie hand- wri'. lag of Louis Capet, &i'>^«^ 

bC% Wfn dw 910 '! '^ ''* '" T^^* .'^'A 



■ 

176 f/tU/ii^encf/rom¥t:xnc^f Poland, JJotany Bay, (^r . [Feb. 

vfife, my^^'^j anj m- ehLUen^ and coiiiaining; 



fuur fmuli paiLcl$uf luiri wlilcti lie unicrcJ 
CiciV to deliver 10 his F^i.-jufe, .iiulto cell liu'» 
Ihat lie t>ej;5ed her )urJon fur i;uc luving 
feuC £urlHT iliis moniing, wliicti was only 
4ouc wiih ir.tuiic Co lave tier ilie ^nui; ut fo 
cruel a I'eparation. 

Tlie Cutiticil, iltlibersringupon the demand 
of Citizen Cleiy, have left liim Dc[X)fitary 
•f the ariiclc^ before meuiitMicd, till it Ihall 
beoUierwife utdtfred by tlic Council Geiienil 
df the Coiimion«, 10 wlium the nutter ib re- 
ferred, ^\v^ ha>i ngncU with u-'. 

[Signed hy the Comniilliuiierf compoiing 
the CuUiicil of the Tcniplcj 

Mooficur, the eldeit br< titer ot the late 
Kiu^ of France, was forcncriy complimented 
istlie Regent of ir'rauvc, on the p;i:t of the 
kmprefs oif kufiLi, by the Count d.: Roman- 
zow, who held the cliara6ter of Hnvov Ex- 
traordinary from her Jn.peri;.! Mijc-ity, iail 
yeai', at Coblen:z. It \i iiiul that the fame 
ceremony was to be performed on the next 
<by, in the name of the Ln-*t)Cior and Kin^ 
of Pruflia. Since tlic retreat of the ci<ni^ .ned 
armies lailyeai from the piai ;sof Cli: m^kiL^uc, 
the French Princes have takci leiuge 111 the 
fmall town of Ham, on tne tiver Lippe, in 
ttie circle of vVe(\p'iaiia in German} . 

The uew> from Poland becomes daily 
more iropoitanc. 

yoH, 24. A PrufTian regiment advanced 
to it)oro, and cmired tlie Uiver by the 
biidge 00 tl>e ou(fide of tlie town. On the 
fame dayi tiM: regiment of Schwerin advan- 
ced xottie. Xx^vi\\'% and the Major coming to 
th" gate, demanded a paflage for his troops. 
The M.<giAratei Anted their piivikges, de- 
fired him to pafs ovei the bndgo^is tiic other 
irgimcnt had done, and declared tiiat ihey 
muA refifl, if he perfiflcd in his demand. 
The Major retiring, ihe MagUlia't*; ordered 
the gates to be fhut The M?j(«r immedi- 
ately planted two pieces of cuiUiMi ag:.rnit 
the gateat whicli he had Jcinanded eniiaiice, 
and fent a booy of carpjuieis «> cm 11 down 
With their axes. They did fo, and the Ma- 
jor then entered with h's iCji-mei.t, dilainied 
tKe bui'ghcrs, and to;)k pvifl'iiiion of the 
town in tlie name of his Piuili..!i Majelly. 
On the 261I1 it was refolvc*! i»t \Vai"f:tw, to 
oppofethe entrance of the Prufilin troops by 
force of arms. The canr.on were taken out 
of the arfenal, and troops lent olf; m ihort, 
a vigorous refillance was refulvcd on, and 
the confleniation becams umverfai; but 
firengtii was wanting, and every thmg palfcd 
quietly. 

The anfwer of the General Confederation 
Pruilian Slate Pnper mention*, that the ap- 
prchenfions of fielh troubles bre;tk!ng wut in 
F<daod were ungrounded, and that the Con- 
federation did not doubt but his PrufTian Ma* 
jcfty , on being informed, would couniermand 
the orders he had gives. At Kranftadt the 
Polifti troops fuffered ihen\felves to be fum* 
i^piHtd^ and maichcd out a\ lait. 



ExtfuS of a htter ftxm Ma^mk Cmosf, Df 
futy G'AfCfmr 'j JJitumy iLj, JuteU i>jJ*trj, 
^'ip'il 2, 1791. 

** 1 la.iJed With my fan:ily M :I»'S place, 
the r;th .:t Kchruary, an.!, t(7 m} Rr*.ai com- 
fort and aftoriilhmeut,r 1 find tlici c J^ iieiibrr 
tueicai-city tha: w :s rqM<;lentcJ u. me, nor 
the barren fandi 1 was tauglit to im.igine I 
ihould fire ; the wluils place is a gurt'en, on 
whiCh fruit an\l ve;':^H-ss of every defcrip- 
tiongiowin the grc:.-teit luxuiiaiice. No- 
tliiug is wanting here but coj-n and black 
cattle } within nve miles of my h-ibittioii 
there is food in abimdancc for :n inr tlioufund 
head of cattle, and we have not twenty cows 
in the Coiotsy. Couki vie ouce he fupplitd 
withcdtiie, 1 do not believe we fhould hr.ve 
occaTion to Uou'nle Old Englaiid a^iin. I 
live in as SiX)d a honfe as I delinr, :.nd the 
farm of my predecelK>r, uhicli \^.,^ been gi- 
ven to ir.o, j».cViUtes a fnfticificy nf every 
thing for niy family. The chnuie, though 
very hot, is not unwhoicfonie; we have 
pleniy of ndi and thcK; is good ih<x)t!iig. I 
receive evei7 atteniion raid accommoilation 
from tlie Governor, which is hi liis power 
to render me. I.1 fhoit, 1 have ih» aun- 
glaint tj make, exce^King that I am ratlier 
fanher from England tinn I wifh to be. 
You may reft alioreu, that hunger and mi- 
fery attack none here but tluife who are too 
idle Co helpthcmfclves." 

East [NOtA Intellxoikce. 
Captain William Wright Bampton, in the 
Jane, arnved here from China, fell in with 
the Keifey, on the 1 5th of May, a fuow^ 
belonging to James I'ate, efq. of tliis place, 
the commander and officers oi which were 
bnrbarouily murdered by ttiA gunner. Sea* 
cunnies, and fome Malays, w!io liad formed 
the diabolical fcheme of caiiym^ th^ vclfel 
off. Captain NcUon fn.Ud vvitii tlis l^ctfcy, 
from Rimbay, in February laft, b-'wd for 
the Well coail of Sum tira and Batavia; a 
few d;»ys after his let i-ig !<e^ci>olcn, tlie 
guiii.er, Se^nnnie«, and lorn* M..- 1. , having 
pKKurcd arms in the nip.hc, '^'iiiiig the chief 
mate's w.uch, came aft <.• ithe nuarter-oecka 
wruiuted him on b6t^ ! 1. (uios,* :'.nd cut him 
fe\<iral time> in the iijuk ; the noife he mad« 
caufed an alarm. The fercHid officer waa 
difp^tcbed immediately vju cuning up, ami 
the rh ri' 1 .ined overboard, .-"..l fwam for 
the liMg boar, then towing a-ftem. Cap- 
tain Mr •'on, tlnding eveiy ".hin? loft, leaped 
out of the cabin window, a:*u g .ined lYm 
long boa:, though there is rw.u'ou to think 
lie wa» wounds d before he got fnmi the ca* 
bin. Unhappily they had no knife wit|| 
them to cut Ihe boat's painter; they :hr6i# 
therefore ove! board the maft .ind fome cari^ 
and committed themfelves Co this laft; jC 
day-light they wei-e difcovered, and a boaf 
with the gunner, forac Seacunntes and Ma- 
Jay b, wci^ lent with mniketf, v^ith which 
lUc) (hu: bochc«p:.tiii £>ielion:iiidUie officer. 

On 



1 7 93.] Authentic htelSgenci from the Eaft and Weft .Indies. jyf 



On the VtoaC*s return on boardi there were 
Uire* Caffresy of Whom the gunner feemed 
apprchenfivcy and they were therefore feized 
mod put to immediate death. The Serang, col- 
leAnof a from the converfition betwern the 
fanner and the Seacunniesi that they intend- 
ded to carry the vcflel to Manilla, begnn to 
be apprehenfiveforiiis own and the Lafcar's 
iafetyi lod Ibrmed the rcfolution of retaking 
the vdTel on the firA opportunity. This oc« 
cured fnon afterwards ; for, on making tlie 
landy and a boat fting in fight, tlie gunner 
Ivilh Cow of the Seacunnies, llic carpenter 
and his mate, and fome of tlie Malays, went 
in the Betfiq^'t bone to purchafe provifions, 
and tiie Ferang embraced this occafion, put 
the SeiKunnies that remained on board to 
dekhy and happily gained potfeilion of the 
vefEd. It is not exa^y known how far 
the guilt of this horrible tranfaAion reaches 1 
but we are aflured that the Beifey did not 
nuke any fignalwhen captain Hampton bore 
duwn,but liif only inducemtnt to this i^iea- 
fure was the extraordinary courfe ihe was 
fteering. The crew of the Betfcy endea- 
V VDured to avcnd buing uoaij^d, and cnptain 
BnniXQo therefore eflfeAed it by manning 
lus bott with twenty Europeans, and when 
on board, the appearance of things prefent- 
ly erincol the neccAity of taking immediate 
^iflcilion. There arc few inP.ances uf the 
kind happen in this country-, in whicti ti:e 
Malays (n^hofe perfidy and ihiiftof bl(x>d is 
bccoine proverbial) are not |}rimaiily, or ve- 
ry deeply, concerned. The Betfey h:id 30C0I . 
ftcrlingii) f|>ecie on hoard ; and with hci u hole 
orio was eftimated at ne.11 ly 25,3^.]. The 
eoQcemedroade fome liheial i'om|K>iifa(ion 
to Qptaio fi&mpion and tl:c crew of the Jaivc 

West-Ispia Intfllicr::cb. 

Kikgf-cn, J^iTK.iUa, By a velfcl finm the 

Havaaoa,. accounts are icceivcd, thai during 

moflpariof the lall m(-n:h they experienced 

aliuoft iiicfllant 1 ..ln% accumpanled by vei y 

iMipefliUius weather, which incicafed hy 

wry icmpcft :ous wcatlier, wl.ich mcreiifed 

^y il>e 29th to a hairicane, and did confidcr- 

•*^le niircliief. Near 350 houfes, on the 

Sui;h fide of tVie ti*wn, are faid to be ua- 

lotiTeJ, and feveral veifcls in the li ly left ; 

fcien werediiven out to fea, only two of 

uLich tod returned on ti.e 3d in ft ant. All 

tl;c plantain- tvalkc aie deilroyed, and mndi 

d-triK^eUone to the giound-provifions. To 

aJJ tu the calair.icy, feveral live?, both in 

tmnanJ country, were loft. A Gentle- 

m.iii lately from the H:ivanra alfcrts, that, 

U iif\-.ch htf the City fuKered by the late 

hurrirane, th«^re is fcarccly one Iica/o, of 

thcte left ftanding after the ftDini, wiiich it 

ii tkMi necelTary to fitpport b>y props. Hun> 

drtdsof cattle were drowned while grazing 

i;i (he ficUlr, and there is no inhabitant but 

wliai is, iu fome meafure a futteier in this 

draidfiil calamity. 

Cc .NT. Mag. Ftlryity^ 1793. 



Dee. 2. The caterpillar has done prodi- 
gious mifchief throughgut the country to the 
cotton-uecs, not only (Iripp.ng them of the 
leaves and brandies, but talCTig off ihr Ixirk 
from top to bottom. The crop of (otion 
will, in confequence, fall very Ihort nideed 
of what was expelled. Tlie laft advices 
from Cape Fr.in^ois mentioni, that the Na* 
tional troops liad pofTcnion of, and werv 
encamped on a high hill, about 15 miles 
from the town, having with them near 800 
black pioneers from tlie neiglibourhood of 
the Cape. 

Dec 1 5. Thurfday forenoon the ceremony 
of opening ttie 1 emple, in which is placed 
the ftatute of Lord Rodney, took place a( 
Spani(h*Town, with much pomp. In tli« 
evening tliere was a grand illumination. 

Dee. 11, Thei-e has lately been a prodi- 
gious flood at Honduras. Great quantities of 
wood, that were cut, and ready for (hipping, 
were loft ; ^d the price of that article has, 
in confequence, ril'en from 10/. to 12/. ioj. 
During the (pace of three months, commen- 
cing the latter end of July, it rained there 
almoft incelfantly. Tlie flood at length be- 
came fo great, the river rifmg mora than ^9 
feet above its afual level, that the inhabitants 
were compelled to quit their houfes, and go 
on board their flat-boUomed boats, in which 
they rvfided feveral days. Many Negroes 
periftied, and nearly the whole of the ftock 
was deftroyed. The lofsof maliogany,carricd 
into tiie fea hy the flood, is computed at 
moie tlian two million feet. De:. 31, the day 
on which th.e fcliooner AAive faded fnim 
the Cay of Honduras, the river wa* ftdl 40 
feet above fifee cuftomary level.*' 

America. 

ri:.\tiLij h'.t. y^ifi.^ Our worthy Pre- 
fi Jent ha!> been un;inimon(ly re-eie^ted j not 
a voice tlimugh all the Coiv.inenc againlt 
him. Our Vice-prefident has alio been re- 
cle^leJ, but hy a nirijoiity ofafciv voices 
only. 1 he j>uhlick Uaw. pointed him out as 
aullior of letters in .'uifwer ti» Mr. I'aine, 
figned" r.. /..;.'■/./;" but Mr. Adi>ni$,by pub- 
he advcrtilement, declared he was not the 
amlicr of thcic leiters. His friends alfo re- 
minded tlie Americans of his h:iving been 
profecutcd by tlie Court of Great Britain. 
Had it not been ftir tlxcfo things, Mr. Clin- 
ton w(»ulil h.itr hccn Vice prefu'cni ; he was 
within a few votes of hi:n as it was. Trade 
iy at preltnt veiy hi ilk; hut, owing to the 
building of our new Cdpiial, and i:uiiing fun- 
dry ra-ials, w.igcs of woi k-pe(iplc are cnor- 
moufly higli. W'riglits and maibus are now 
not c<»niciu with two dollars a ilay. 

The w;ir u r.h ihc Ini!i ins continues with 
unabated foj y }■ it ib feared that a general 
ccnfedciatu'ii li.id bren formeJ, amonr the 
Southern ai.d Noittiemfndian nations, tn at- 
tack tlie Ann en can frontier at once from 
booth Vj Noitli i which was the n<cre to be 

di cabled 



JI 



178 hurifilng IntiUigence from Ireland and^zoiUuA. - [Feb. 

<!rraJe«l on account of the difficrity of uuUinp l>is Lordfliip, we hcrjr, has requefted iiDine 
the different Provinces in a n'.m of s^ncral time to confider it. 



defenctt. 

Blan.-harJ. t]ie celebrated A'.-rcmnnt, is 
now here. Though the h^i!'r,r!.Kn >';..•>;/.; is not 
fo rtroi*.^ here r.s it was l\)mc yt^ar-. ago in 
i\,c 'JJ \uorU, ihj re is however fcicncc, cu- 
riofity, and Ubcmlitv, enov.^'h to atlrtr 1 rro 



7''»- 31. in copfeqHence of the unfortu- 
nate affair near KtWsp between a number of 
low peafanis, calling themfclves Defender':, 
and tlie military, in which Pime of the for- 
mer loft their lives, and others were com- 
mitted prsfnn, upwards of one thoufand of 



tfftion to enterprizing pjcniusand interclllng 'their friends formed into aboily, and, with 



difcoverv. On the feventh of Jaiiini v l.ift, 
he was to aCccnd from thi> pl.ic« , and up- 
wards of two hundred gentlennjin Ind fub- 
fcjib^d five hnndrcd dollars c-»ch for the 
piirpofc of fcrtiiiR the balloon fiUf d. T! ere 
XV'A'i .llfoCKpL'i^cd .1 v.ift crfu d of ipT'^Viroi s, 
who wne to pay for adniiiliun wi*h'n cer- 
tain limll-- to fee the velH t.ikc flic;!it. ft 
was p»o^»3hle th.\t this c::|ierimcnt: would 
iioi be tr-.-icited for a confidirah!? time, r.s 
PK»iich:'.id had ne^ledcd to take tic chcmicd 
articl'-s necclT;\i7 U)r inflating hi.; Inlloon to 
i\m«ricr», conct'ivinp; that he could He ampl/ 
fiipphrd in that (pinner of the Wi>rUI. 1 he 



five pieces of artillciy, proceeded towards 
Dublin, to releufe their comrades in the gaol 
of Kilmainham. An exprefs having been 
fcnt to Government, the military of couife 
has been ordered out to fupprefs the infur- 
gcnts. As they belong to the loweft order 
of the commuuity, and are tot:illy unnc- 
qu tinted with the ufe of artillery, the moft 
mtLincholy :.pprehenrions are entertiined 
that in the conflidl many lives will he luH. 
Thefe riiHiirbances hive c;iured the moft 
lively enurtions in the Senate, which has vo- 
tcil an Addrefs to the Lnnl Lieutenant, that 
witl^ their lives and fortunes they will fup- 



fii<?l however is, that l;c h^is been obli;/,e 1 to port (Jovcmmem in the prcfcnt trying and 
fpnd to F.urope for moft of the materials rc- 
qiiifirc ftir fuiure operatitMis. 



alarming crifis. 

/".'■.a. Mondiy laft the honfes of the 
f !lr^.\i'ij; gentlemen were pluntlered of fire- 



IkEI. AND. 

Dw'iny Yim. 59. — Karly in tlie forrM-vvi 
of StiMday'laft, a rron:; vlr-»a':hrj'-T.: t'r.nn 
th** H^.rrni'k m'irrhc ♦ into t''e liulc Bair.iJ^- watrs houfe at r>un(han?;hhn was attempted 
yard \\\ the Lower Ca'.He, wlicre they r«- on Fru'ay nipht, but tlwt gentleman being 



a:::-, by the Dcfcndeis: Mr. Wainiighl'r, 
Mr. iirazington's. Mr. Ca!!'?, Mr. Pagan's 
Mr. riJfa's, .Mr. O. Lou titer's. Mr. Nor- 



m.iiucd vnider a»ms ; .nt the f.isncTitii? 1 Pi- 
<|ucT of fjfiv A\f«> f»oin ih^ H uT.irk !■»!:; roft 
on ':\\f. ir'acis n:ipt»htL tV." ri<*;Vny't.M' iCf, 
where t!>ey pi fd t'leir tiicWi: ks ; :ii«s 'op.;: 
was further ftren?*.l«.^nH hv :» il(t.u.l.."t:i.*:;t 
of the Artillsrv in the<'h\i'i.iiice ynr-l. 'vlvre 
twi> field pjcr.r*: wtre tlr.i'.vn oMt '^t 'hp ,\r- 
U'wA. A City Mariftrrrt, nit>jin!r.l h? tlic 
Volic*? Hip;h l\m!tt»^''e, incn n-o-c^edod to 
tl^ pnrtuU' of the Liberty Aitu'ciy. and 
GoldfiYiilh's VoUj;jJ<"ei Corp> — in St. Mi- 
r.hat'l, Uppolcs, Ship-ftrect, wliere '.Iv.i Ma- 
f^iftrate in a fiicndly tone informed ili-i Vo- 
tvinteerson parade, .ihout thitty in number, 
th.-it they m\ift not march in nulitar/ arr.v/ 
ihrougli ih.: llieets, it being a;;iinft the 
fi^fc .ind tt':v:>r rf a Government I'roc'a- 
niDion : and :h;»r, if they pcriifted to do fo, 
ih-.ir oilice.s w. mid be tdcen into cuftot'.y, 
arul hrnw!!^t h'/'>rc the Li»rd Chief j-jnice. 



pr.'p.red torrriftthcm,on their appratch he 
fux'\ atul h;»vinjr tilled one man and 
^•iiiideti snotlep. whom he took, the paity 
t^^. A c<uporal and fix of the cavalrj' 
w/r-: on Wednelilnv ordered from the hnr- 
ra'l: of D; bjin to DuiiJhau'.hl'M, and next 
dav twenty of the infmtrv' un.| rthe com- 
muid of a iuhafteni (»rticcr marcljcd to fup- 
p-ut the m.iviiftncy in that n^ighbfiuHKXKl. 
At Cnftleblany fpvcral other honfes have 
been robbed. The inhabitants have (brnicd 
a ni:;htly patrole for their |>roie<5ti.in.— Tfie 
country exhibits the pr«-ateft diftrefs, from 
the number of defeited hibiiations, and the 
teiTpr which prevails among people who 
remain in it. 



ScOTLAVn. 



Sc*.ic.'*i, Ffb. 2. The fiillowing hand bin 



is circuhitcd in town ; and yefterdiy the 
Thi-. officers pn-'.^nl f.jid, lie mic;lii tiicn .".p- mounung was veiy general amotig allrankf: 
prebend !h'»m if he tfuxife. 0\^ ih's the but it* is impoiFiMe for any outward token 
Wasjiftnte withdrew • and nft'.r ;i lonr «!(?- fniticiently to cxprcfs the deep regret that 
bate jm- np. the V'>l»nfc-p'» it WIS deterniMjcd is imprcffcd f>n every breaft by the niehirx- 
ihcy Oiooh! trien dfpe* fe, whi^h t'l-.v ncc ^r- cholv nccomus of the aTocious murder of 
dingly did. Vivlviday, in ■"onr-r'j-.'ciuo of the un'^ortiMLite Louis XVL ** It is re- 
ihr ;^1m)V'- m.:*t»T, :» rrntiiipof fli." i\'pir cs qtieftej, that fuch of the inhnbit.^nts of ihis 
i>f t)\K l>ab!in V'ol;::!tet;r ('f)ips liili vm'io- cttv :md neighbourhood, p.s difapprovc of he 
di d, •'. k plare .It the Ko^mI .''X':hnj^f, ha^ exlraordinary pioc'^edings in Fran*, 
whf'ii ccTf»'n itrt^hitions wcic a%\k:'i\ h;, wil', as a trihutc of rf.f.fT<^ to Hie memnry 

■»t-ar 
nex: 



;-H'.l <-,iir'^i »o t*"- Ivu I of v:harlemont, of hi- lite Mv^Chrifti-n M.-je-^l-, appt-a 

C;.. '. 1 1 m'it i'l Clrrr of the V«<lantf<.'is lu in mo'irr.itiij i-urii 2 thj courfe of the nex 

hi- 1- ■«. t.-j hir. t. i'.i':l<on :iti<l .''ppr'>h.i:ion. wu;k.'* 
Aa i/:^jn..iti.r w.;- :; r.aw -nJ very £tive vhic, A inafs was l\:ns a: the Rumaa Catholic 



Cl;a{ el 



'793-3 ^tf''* /rtm Scotland, /£/ Perls, and Country Tevins. 



179 



Chapel in Lomber-ftreet, for the late K-ng 
n( France i and a moft excellent Sermon iipc>!) 
fubniflion to Higher Powers was preached 
fay the Rev. Mr. Pennington. 

The G<»vemorand Dirr^ors of the Aber- 
deen Mofical Society gave a moitrntng con- 
cert. Ladies and Gentlemen dreffed in 
mourning were admitted witlioiit tickets; 
and the meeting was very nuroci uus and re- ciew of the brig. 
Ipcdablflu 



tvhp, feeling a ftrong refentmcni at their 
b-.td ufage, and adhiated by the impulfe of 
the m'>nient to retaliate in their turn, I'eized 
the Frenchmen's ciitlalTe.., an«! cut f:vcral 
flfthem down ; and, iud it n{»c been for the 
timely inferference of the Officer in the 
Juno's boat, feveral of the privateer's mtii 
muft have fallen vi^iims to the exaffcra.cid 



— ^"^-^ Country News. 

Poet Kkws. The repairs of the Cat bed lal at ITaff.^d 

9yhitib0vtmyFth.it. \Vc had as tempeftu* are advancing: the groinde arches oi tl}e 



ous weather on Saturd.iy and Sum' ay, as was 
eveir knewn at this feafon ; par tic alar ly on 
the latter day, when thei« was a continncd 
ftorm of wind and rain from the N. W. from 
9 in the morning till 7 at nigl.t. Much 
damage has been done in this harbour ; four 
boats were dalhed in pieces ; one vclfel 



nave arc in great forwardncfs, but the new 
paving which is to cofl 50c/. is not yet begun. 

The South tranfept l:as been in a moft 
alarming Aate : the w;ills beginning to I'pread, 
butireffes have been run up on the outiidey 
but it is by no menns fecurc. 

The workmen, ^% ho pn^pofed tailing out 



waihtnl otf the blocks ; fome other veliels, the window- frames, look off the old roof and 
under repair, were with great dif)icul y lowered it, to correspond with the nave, and 
iecured. The Peggy, of Greencck, laden added all the new work, even the windows 



with fpiritSy fruit, fcc. from Dublin, was 
wrecked on the ontfide of ilte Noi ih wall ; 
the Crawford, of Irvine, I:iden with coal*, 
funk between tlie North Wall and the Bul- 
wark; the Wells, Rotliery, wns forced up 
to the foot of Duke-ftreet, and it is feared 
noft be difchargcd. Several other veilcls 



and a fmall circular (not Gothic) window 
over the I.irj;e South one, tlie frame of 
which was intended to be taken down ; but 
when this was done and the workmen were 
beginningto take out the old frame, and remove 
the kry flono at the t()p, fo much danger 
wns apprehended, that they were obliged tn 



wereiojured. Happily no lives were lolt. dcfift till the lurveyor was recalled, who had 

A fifhing-boat belonging to this lt>\\ n was not been down foi* feveral montlis. Not- 

loft on Friday, near Rave nglafs, and John wi:h]\.mding the fum of 4000/. was raifed by 

Curuen, the Mailer, known m.my years A6t of Parliament, a fccond fuhfcripiiua ts 

here for bis induftry in that line, perifhed now circulated in the Hereford pa|)crs, and 

^*^tttigh the inclemency of the we^^ther. proceeds with more fpirit than could have 

^^fca, in the opinion of many people, was been expedlcdj fuch is the rage forrenewing 

'"^'^ agitated during the a.'od-tide on Suu- this ai.cicnc Ani^ture, that it feems doubtful, 

«^Jf than had ever been obferred. if tf^e whole may be able torehil the experi- 

^»tJ9Kuth 18. This morning his Majcfty's raents intended to be prad^ifed on it. 

^'P Juno, Capt. Samnel lIooJ, arrived at Cjm/rL-ige 'Jan. 29. Some dCorderly pcr- 

Sfntheady and brought in with her a French fcMi.^ from this town, as it appeared, took 

pnvatccr, called rtnticpicnnnt, Miciiacl it into their heads to go to the neighbouring 

*ra«^oi« Vaniere Commajuler, burthen 40 village of Cheftenon, where, after fmging 

Jj"*» Wjih 30 men, moinning four guns, •• f i ba^* thcv difcharged a gun into the 

"'*H' 'wivele, and armed with blundeibnffes, houlc of the Rev. Mr. Manfel, one of the 

?*"'*l^'^ts, pitloL*:, and daggers. She la' led Mi'g'ftrates for this couiuy. Mr. Manfel, 

'*^ Havrc-dc-Cti-acc a few days fmce ; and happening at the fame time tol)e near a door, 

^ ^ttu^^y mon:ing had captured oil the fuddenly opened it, aud ( uuld juft perceive 

*«ulcs the brig Glory, of Chepllow, John two men making oii w.ili great precipitation 

*nran^ Mafter, burden too tons, l)oiuid thj ough the clmrch-vard to Cambridge. He 

'or Briaol, laden with timber, which had 

^''f*» from the D.>wns on Saturday morning, 

"*'^'' convoy of the Iphigtnia. This brig 

J*'^ *t tin; tame time reca|>turcu, and fcnt in 

^^, J. P. Maxwell, and, John M'Anhur, 

J^^^t'tis, are appointed joint .^i;tMts for the 

J"^ prizes. Th^abcvc privaitti hadfired 

* "^Icn Ihot at the biig, and hiiding ihe 

woul^ not bring-to, boari'cd licr with fif- 

^^** iDco, who bound Mr. Bcnfon, the 

"^^'ir, hands and feet, and UHied hint dow n 

*A * *^^*^^> putting all fiib cicw in iron'', 

■'^'l^ping ihcm of every article, and othci- 

wilcmai treating them. But the inftant tlic 

Junubiobglitthe privateer and biig to, ilic 

^ iVriUei \ cotn rtd6MfeJ ttiv mA£ter a/id citw^ 



immediately got upon I. is horfe, went round 
tiie ro<<d-way, and airtved in lime to locure 
them both as ihey were coming into town, 
and C'jndu^led them that night to the Caitlc. 
They pioved to be Jatueb Gcrcio:), :\n attor- 
ney of this place, and Thomas Ocarle, 3 
t«ir:cr. 

C\it,i-Ma!l, Fth, 5. Several tawns in this 
anintry were vifited by large bodies of miners 
fioni the different works, in fearch of con- 
cfaifd c'MM, which they infift is inten^ied for 
exportation to France. AtWndcbridge, tl»ey 
found about 25,000 bulbeh in Itore, which 
tl.cy obliged the owners to fell at reduced 
price?.. At Looe, \i^>K;!k\<\s \l^^ bc*»\i>aSv\€vs 
of grain wert fto^)^d\>^ vYv^sm l\wcv Xmixw-^ 



I 



i8o 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [Feb, 



Slipped I but we do not bear of their com- gitimate diild was not i crime Iff tlie Umjk 

mitting any other outrage. Part of the (irft -..-.-' ,, . .^_. .*<• 

regiment of dragoons is gone from Devou- 
fliire to aiTift the Magiftrates ia rcfioriog 
peace. 

Stitffordy Feb. I a. As' Mr. Thomas Ward, 
Attorney, was returniag home, aboot two 
miles froin this place he was Hopped by two 
footpads w1m> fir ft cut his pocket acrofs, 
and, on liis making an cxclamaciou» (hot 
him with apiftol, and robbed him of 18 gui- 
neas, 23s. and his watch ; he was found by 
two other gentlemen » who had been robbed 



near the fame place by four men, two of looging. 



England. Lord Kenyon obfisrved, that if n* 
continence was not a crime (he hmd indbed 
a venial one), all the proceedings had in the 
Ecdefiaftical CoiMt| fmce ita inftitution, 
were en^oneous. The Court iffimed the 
order'of cooimitinenc. 

Ffidi^ 8. 

The following Addrefs was thb day pre- 
feuted to the King by a DeputatioQ finko 
the Quakers. 

« To George the Third| King of Great 
Britain, and the Dominions thereto be« 



wh()m anfwered to Mr. VVard*s defcription. 
He died in a very little time after lie was 
Sound. 

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES, 

Thuijdayf Jan. 31. 
A dreadful tire broke out, a little beiore 
four o'clock this morning, at Lady Dover's, 
in Hill-llrcci, Berkely-fqukre, which de- 
itroyeil that huule, and damaged the adjoin- 
ing one. U was with great diHiculty that 
the lives of Lddy Dover and Iver niece, t'^e 
Baronefs Hompelch, who was in the honfe, 
wei*e faved. They were taken out at the 



" May it pleafe the King I 
<<The dutiful fubje^b, the rBligiom fo- 
ciety of Friends, called Qnaken, have felt 
their minds deeply affe^M with the cala- 
mities attendant on war, and the incorf* 
fiftency thereof with the Dodlrine of Chrift, 
the Prince of Peace. We apprehend W(^ 
cannot at this time difcharge our duty to 
God, to tiiee, and to our fellow-fubjc^ts, 
many of whofe ^ecious li\'cs may be the 
vidlims of tlie impending hoililtties, wiihciiiC 
befeeching ttiee to exert thy conftitutional 
power tu prevent a meafore which roaf 
confign to danger and to death Ihoufandi of 



windows of the upper rooms by two fervants our couniiymen, nnany of whom, alas I may 



beUHiging to Mr. CafwtU and Captain Bal- 
four, at the rifque of their lives. A maid- 
fervant jumped out of a twopair of ftairs 
window, broke her thigh, and is iince dead. 
>So «ither.life was lofl ; but the young Lady 
is much burnt, a^ the flames had fprcad far 
into the room wliere (he ua^ befuie fhe 
could be taken out. 

lTlidrirj\iAy i Fth. 6. 
Mr. Temple, keeper of Auildh.ill, at- 
tended the CommiiTioners of the Lottery, 
when the following regnKttions were agired 
upon, wliich, it c;innut be doubted, will be 
highly bcneficiuL Ko perfons to be fuf- 
fiered to take down numbers, hut fuch Clerks 



be but too little prepared for that iblegna 
eveut, even in the moiv gradail way of na- 
tural uifiimity. 

« 1 he prote^ion and fupport of kingdom t 
and of govei nments are not in the multi- 
tude of an hoft, but in the Lord Almighty. 
IMay tlxrcrore thy councils feek his protec* 
tiont>y tliat righteoufnefs which exalts a na- 
tion, :uid by continuing to oppofe that tor- 
rent of vice and immorality which hath long 
prevailed, and which thou, O Kin:*, as be- 
came a Chrillian ruler, haft, not long fmco^ 
lamsnted, confuted, and endeavoured to re- 
train. 

'* Permit us here, before we clofe this our 



ns are employed by Uceafcd OtEoes, amltlieir earned and affeiftionote addrefs, refpeAfully 

names to be given in to the ConamifTioners. to mention the canfe of our fellow-creatureSp 

No flips allowed to be fent out *, but the nuni- the AfriLuns. We have petitioned the Houfe 

l)ers are to be taken down by one Clerk in of Commons on this aflfiedling fubje6i, and 

€int book. Mr. Steel's liil to be abuhlhed, although ure dcfire that tlie delibrratkms of 

and a recumpence to be made for it. The Parliament may at all times be free, we ar« 



Magiflrates have likewise refolved to ap- 
prehend all fufpicious perfoii.^, who fhall be 
feen tjking eaily numl)ers, and to call u|H>n 
tiicm for an account of thcmfelve^. 
Tlurfday 7. 



A queflion cr.ruc before the Court of of his people. 



engaged to prefs it upon tliy mind, to con- 
fider u hcther no acceleration of relief can 
be obtained for that grievoufly opprelled 
race fix>m the influence which a beloved 
King hath, and ought to lave, on the minds 



King's Bench, ratht* r of a curioui) natvirc.— 
A piivate f(ld:tr had been committed by a 
Magi{lr;tte for want of iurety for the main- 
tenance ot an illegitimate (.h.ld, of which he 
was (woin to be the father. It wa-> con- 
tended, on the part of the foUlier, that he 
Was not liable to this commitment ; for that 
hv the Mutiny Adl it was provided, that no 
foK'ier Oi'ould be imprifonrd, except for a 
ci inic, or for a debt amounting to toL and 
tlut Che chaige of being the father of an iUe« 



'< Thus may the bleillng of the peace-ma- 
k«rs, and of thofe who love riglueoufnefs, be 
thy happy portion aud immoital crown. 
'' Signed on belialf of the Meeting for 
Sufferings, held in Lonilon, tlic 26th day 
of the ill nK>nth, 1793.'* 
The King's anfwer : 
'' Wliatever ileps 1 may feel myfelf bound 
to take for the fecurity of My people, I am 
not the lefs inclined to judge favourably of tho 
motivot which have led you toprefent this AU- 

drefs; 



i793>] DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. i8i 



drefs ; and jou may dcpeod upon the contU 
nuance of my protedlkm." 

Suiufduy 9* 

Ifhitehall. Intelligence has been received 
that War has been declai^ in France a^sunft 
Great-Rriuin aud Holland. 

The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor. 
" My Lord, m-tebJl, Feh. 9. 

" 1 have the honour to acquaint your 
l^ordlhip, that it ap|icart by the accounts 
received this murning from France^ ttiat 
War againft Gi&it Britain and Holland was 
decreed in the National Convention on the 
Arft ln(l.int. 1 ref|ue(l that your Lonlihip 
will take the pru^icr me^ifurefi to make pub* 
Tic th:s lute iligence. 1 liave the honour to 
be vkith great refpe^» My Lord, your 
LordAiip*s mod obedient humble Servant, 

(Signed) GKENVILLE. 

TueJJ.iy I a. 

This being t1i« lall day of term, the 
SoliciCar-Gtueral |>rayed iliejudgemeiit of the 
Court of King's Bunch upon the Rev. Richnrd 
Burgh, James Davics, J. Cummings, Tho- 
mas Townly M'Can, and John Boilrne, 
i^'ho lud been tried and cunvi^led of a con- 
f piracy to eff^-ti ttieir own, and the cfcape 
oi tlie other piifoners legally confined for 
debt, and for ttut purpofe iettiiig fire to, 
and attempting ti> deltroy, t!ie v/nlh of tlie 
King's Bench Piifon ; when tiicy werefeve- 
lally fentenced to rhiee ye.^r<> imprifonment, 
at the expiration of which they are 10 f:nJ 
fecurity for tlieir g(K)J hchaviotir fur three 
years; Knrgh, in 2'..1. and two fnreties in 
root, each; anJ ilie (>t!;cn prifuners in tool, 
each, :uid two l'urc(i<.\> in ^::1. each. 

A Court of Con^.mon Co'.mcil was this day 
held, expreisly called fur the purpofe of cnn- 
fidering of a«:drefling his Maj^iiy on ihcpre- 
lentda'.e of affairs. Tlrre were prefcnt the 
Lord-Mayor, eigU Aldcimen, the Rccoriler, 
and a great num'.»cr of Coi.m:»ners. The 
Lord-Mayor aj^ologized to the Court for the 
ihortnefs i)f the putice, and for his tlien call- 
ing them together. Mr. Deputy Birch, in a 
fpeech of fom<*. length, and replete with loy- 
alty to the Ku)^, arid a^rMchmcntto theCon- 
ftitution, moved, ** That an humble and du- 
tiful Aiidrefs be prefeiiled to his Majetly, 
thanking him for tlie paternal care taken by 
his Majefly for the picfvrvation of tlis pub- 
lic tranquillity, expreflive of .ibhorrcnco of 
the la:e atrocious a^s zi Paris, and alluring 
his Maicfly of the rea.:incfs ai.d dctcrmina* 
tuu of hi» faitlifiil ciliZCMS to fuppoit the lio- 
noiir of his Crown and t\\e welfait; of his 
kingdixns againtl tlie ambitious ilci'trjis of 
Fiance in tlieir Dechuration of \\?r againll 
tliis Country. 

Af r. Deputy I^eekey fccondcd the motion, 
which Mr. Powel very ably fupportcd ; 
qooting leveral pallages from a circular let- 
ter addrefled to the French Clergy and Re- 
fugees by the late Bifliop of Leon, wheiciii 
4ie extols the bleffings of this Cojuniry and its 
Conftitutioa, and recommeuds ibe gratitude 



of his fellow-fufferer;, and that their prayen 
may be offered up to the Almighty to avert 
the evils of eivil difcord ever taking root ia 
Great- Britain; . 

The Court unanimoufly agreed to addrefit 
his Majefty; and ap^xiinted the Aldermem 
Wilkes, Kewnham, Boyfiell, Anderfon, 
Cur^s, \V.itfon, and Glyn, with tlie Com- 
moners Bnxh, Leekey, Powd, Niclu>ls« 
Merry, Parilh, Wi-ench, White, Young, 
Syms, Kcmble, Sutherland, I>owling, and 
Bulcock, to be a Commiuee, to draw up tJM 
fame { which, being d4)ne, was read and una* 
nimoully .ipproved of, and ordered to bt 
prefenieJ by tlie whole Court. 
Saturday i6« 

This day the lord mayor, aldermen, flw 
riffe, and commoft-council of London, wait- 
ed upon his Majefly, with the following jid« 
drefs, which was read by the recorder : 

To the KING'S Moft Excellent Majefty^ 

The humble addrefs of the lord mayoff 
aldermen, and CDmntons of the city 
of London, in common councU aflem- 
bled. 

Mofl Gracious Sovereign, 

WE, }-our .Majcfty'smoft dutiful and loyal 
fuVije<^^^, the lord mayor, aldermen, aud 
commons of t*ie city of London, in commoa 
couiKil affemhkd, beg leave to renew our 
moil foTemn afliicances of firai allegiance im 
your Majcfty's facrcd pcifon and govern- 
ment, and of attachment to the confiitutiuB 
of thefe kingdoms as by law ellabliihed. 

Dec])ly impretTcil with fencinicnts of vo- 
neiaiit^ii for a fyllcni of government, wifely 
framed to perpct'.-.ate the profperit; andlup* 
pincfs of every in.'iviJual fubjcdl to its an* 
tho:i:y, and in ccuifcqucncc fecurc by ati 
prcteilion ; grc;.t nnift have been our con- 
cern :t \.ht late ncf.ti IkUj and daring fliides 
of defpcraic and uicked men towards the 
fubvcrlion of U^e peace and order of civil 
foci;,ty, who, wi:h t'.u blackcfl uigratituJe^ 
were availi':;; iheral":ivc:. of the freciiom aud 
privileges o\ this highly-favoured land tu 
compafs its dc(lru£tit)u. 

With inci c.ifcd inJicnation we were boimd 
to deplore, that, to attain this treafonable 
purpofe, they had dared, in open concert 
with perfons in the lix'xurive Government 
of I'Vance, to ofUr their prin-iples and pro- 
ceedings a*^ a hi^^jeCt of admiiai.on Cu a free^ 
loyal, and 'uippy pi o]>le. 

To ul.aL fatal even's the mifchlevom .nd 
obdurate c«>uncils «if tint unhappy C(.i.n:ry 
luivc led, li.e p.-\goof hiilijiy, d.irkcned wi:li 
the f.iiiUft deed th.t ever cy.«.i''.d horror in 
the luiman hcJil, will hnr too faithfully re- 
cord : I he I'Ue dreadful inilance of their 
fnngninnry m.ilic.; will be remembered as 
Ion;; a-; pcrfrcnrcd Virtue Ihall deferve their 
pity, and dehbcrutc Cruelty the execration, 
of ma ikind. 

The p vernal regard for the peace aud 
welfare uf voui pco^^iley which induced your 



«8a.] DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. [Feb. 



Majefty to embody the mlficia and convene 
jaar parliament at a moft importaut con- 
jan&.urt^ cannot but warm every loyal bread 
with fentiments of the moft lively gratitude : 
And we can with confidence affure your Ma- 
jefty, that it is the united voice of your Ma- 
jefty's faitliful citizens of London, wlien we 
itodarey thtf, beins fcnfible of the neceflity 
of Tigoroiiily oppofmg the perfidy, ambi- 
tion, and ap^^andizemetit of France, now 
evinced by her declaration of war and com- 
mencement of hoftilities againft rhis countr>'} 
ki order to maintain the fecurity and honour 
•f your Maje{l)*s crown, and to preferve 
itiviolate tlie con{litution of tliefe realms, 
tJie facred fource, under Providence, ot ail 
our blcifinss, wc aie ready to facrifice our 
dcarefl intcrcfts in the defence of your M.i- 
jefty's crown and pcrfon, and of that fub- 
Itantial freedom which the UihjedH of the 
Bntiih eropirv arc confcici^s they enjoy. 
Signed, by order of Couit, 

WILLIAM RiX." 

His Majcfty's moft garcious anfwcr. 

** 1 receive with gr cat fatisfadtion this duti- 
ful and loyal addtefs. 

The affuraucc: of the city of LoiuIom of 
their firm allegiance to my perfon, and (>f 
tiieir attachment to our happy conftitution, 
caumoc but be highly acceptable to mc ; ar.d 
I rely with confidence tliat their attention 
win conftaotly be dire<51ed towards the fup- 
preffion and difcouragement of every pro- 
ceeding whicli might tend to the fubver- 
fion of the peace and order of civil fociety. 
The city of LonJon may always depend up- 
on ray favour and countenance, and my con- 
Kant care not only to ni.iintain and defend 
the rights of my crown, but to prote(5t and 
encourage the tiaue and ccmmcrce of tins 
kingdom, and to preferve inviolate the cuu- 
fticutiun as by law eftablifhed." 

They were all ^received vei7 gracioufly, 
and had the honour to kifs liis Majofty's 
band. 

Friiiiy 15, 

A vefpe^lable meeting was this day held 
at the Crown and Anchor Tavern, purfuant 
lo advcrtifemcnr, for tlie purpofe of con- 
fijftiing of a plan to rew«ird Sailors and 
J*oKfi< !•$ who fh.iU be maimed in the prefent 
war with Frame; and, in c\lc of dca'li, to 
raifc a fund for the widows and oipiians of 
fuch Sailors and Soldici's as many tall in the 
fervice of ilieir country. W. Dcvnyncs, Efq. 
M.P. was calleil to tlie Chair, and a Com- 
mit e of ^5 Gentlemen were appointed to 
coiidvict thebufinefs. A number of annual 
fubfcrptious were given in, to be p.iid as 
long a" the war (hall continue, befiUes other 
temporary douaiiuns. 

Saturday 16. 

Lord Kcnyon laid down an important 

/!//* fur the rt^uJation of the candudl of 

Atro.i.ies. Hin Lnrd/bip QiJ, he verily 

bchevttii thiu tiw majoiity of Attoruits were 



honourable men, andoffrrviceto the com- 
munity ; W there were many others who 
were the greateft pefts to fociety. He de- 
fired Attomies to take notice, that they were 
bound to give their die&ts the beft advice in 
their power, and to condiidt the caafes ea- 
tnifted to them as if they were their own. 
If an Attorney, inftead of honeftly and 
fairly advifing his clients, advifed them to 
prbfecute greundlef; or frivolous actions, for 
the fake of the colh, all fuch Attomiet 
would be compelled to pay . the expenses 
themfelves. This rule alarmed feveral At- 
tomies who were prefent,but was applauded 
by the Counfel as replete with wifdom and 
jufticc. 

Tuefday 26. 

Mr. Wilberforce in the Houfe of Com- 
mons, moved, for the Houfe to take intocen- 
fideration, on Thurfday Feb. 28 the circum- 
ffances of the African Slave Trade ; the 
qucftion, after a long debate, was negatived 
by 6 1 againft 53. But this decifiun doesjiot 
preclude the fubie6l being refumetffoo a future 
d.iy ; which at prefent ftanus over to the 7th 
of Match. 

}l'fdnffday 17, 

The climate of England, in the opinion of 
many, has, of late years, tindergene a con- 
fiderable cirange. Formerly we ufed to have 
fmart frofts in Winter; and hot, aftd fome- 
times dt y Siunmers. For fome years tuck 
both wintei-s and fummsrs liave generally 
been wet, with fo little ice, that luxui y, by 
its agents, lias been obliged topmcui'e it from 
foreign paits. In the coiu-fe of laft' year, 
ihofe wlio kept a rcgiftcr of the weather tell 
us, there were but one hundred and three 
diy days. For the little that is paifed of the 
prcfcnt year, we have fcarcelybad fix dry 
days. . 

The Rev. Mr. Edgcworth, who filled the 
office of C()nrell<>r to the unfortunate Louis 
XVI. on the fcaffold with fuch dignified 
benevolence, arrived fafe in London. This 
gcntlcnKui is a native of Ird.md, and of an 
at)cic«it and very rrfpciitnble family in the 
county of Longford, \vMei*e he inherited a 
handiome patrimony; but, having fome years 
ago embraced tlie Roman CathQlic eommu- 
nion, fcttleil in Paris. 

The Vfffelof the late Mr.Romfey, to fail 
againft wind and tide, has lately been tried, 
and was found lo fail four knots an hour. The 
following is the priticiple upon which it 
moves; A pump of two feet diameter, 
wronght by a ftcam-engine, forces a quantity 
ef water up through the keel. The valve is 
then (hut by :hc return of tlie ftroke. which 
at the fame time forces tlie water througli a 
channel or pipe of about fix inclies fqii:irc, 
King above and parallel to the kelfon, out at 
the ftern, under the rutUler, which ha^ a 
icfs dip than ufual to permit the exit of the 
water. The impetus of the water, forced 
through the fqoare channel, againft the ex- 
terior waier, «^ «& asi vtr^Wwm^ v^>^«c 
upou lV»e \e\\d. 



1193-1 Sbififfi app^ifUiifir tit Year 1 793-— >*'*' drcuUs. 183 

Thtffit^ 18. ftxffcrs kfs than was ipprebendcJfroratfiepri- 

Nonews of any kinU arrived yefterday frcwi vatccrs of the enemy ; and thai many of ih« 

Hid CotftUMit. We arc happy lofind by tlie latter have already been picked up by oar 

acooQDts from Ibe ports^ that the Britiih trade cruifci*s. 



SHERIFFS apftinteJ hy bis Majrfly in Cotmcii 

far the Tear 1793. 
BeHtfiirt4 Tbo. Goodlake, of Barton Rcgtf , efq. 
Bt^ifi^ Tbo. Crofle, of Bramlingliam, efq. 
BHcii. Francis Peter MaUec, of ChalfbnC St. 

Peters, efq. 
C«rff» Lnil. Tho. Pattefifcin, of ^tel vervy, efq. 
Cltfiitt. John Eg«n«ni, of Oulion, efq. 
CmJmip and Utmtingdvt. Tbomas Cole, of 

Doddington. efq. 
DerxHjhire. Win. Barber,of Frcmi ngton, efq. 
Dv/tt/f'ire. James Frampion, of Moreton,«fq. 
DrrhrJLtr. Saclieverell Holc,of R atll>o«rn. «(q. 
i/rA. Staines Cttan^beilayne, of Hatfield 

Brood Onk, vfq. 

C.'ag^, Chr. Coilringtonof DrHMioPton, eft]. 

He»tt. Cw». Will. Prefcott, of llieobnlJs, efq. 

Hrr^rAfl'. J. Kcyfull, of Bmmon Court, efq. 

Kfft. Geo. Norman, of Bromley C<>tDnion. ctq . 

L'utfi. J. Koon, of Boiuton on the WonlJ* , efq. 

Ltm. Rich ElIifon,of Sudbrooke Holme, efq. 

MiynKnSifi ir€, J. Honbury Williams, of Hol- 

hmke, efq. 
fii^fiUat^. Hen. Collingwooi', of Liibnm, cf«|. 
Nt^'thumfton. J. Drydcn, of Canons Aflihy ,e!q. 
Nvff'Jk, ij^luard Roger Tnitl, of RvI^mi, clq. 
NK,uinfhiVfHfKtf£. Hon. Rich, l.iurlcy Sa-.iilc, 

of Rutforil. 
Qyf'irdfirf, John C:iill»>uJ, of Afton, efq. 
RutUndPtrt. I tio. B;ii foi>t, of Ayftog, efq. 



SlropJJ^re, John Corbett, of Sunden, efq. 
Stmerfet/h, Sam. Bad ward, of HorfingtoD,ef|. 
iVu//o/</.G.Malioeux,ofWolverhampton,efi|. 
Suffolk. Geotgt Doughty, of Leifton, efq. 
Southamfttrt, Sir George Ivefon Tapps, df 

Hinton Admiral, Bait. 
Suni^'. ] J?OilfdonDurand,cf Car(haIton,ef(|. 
Sul/c'x. Tho.Richardfon, of Warminghurft,eiiij. 
// u; \vLlJ)\ Evcly rf Shirley , i>f Katington, ef^. 
}f\i i^f.ajhbe. Sam. Stewai J, of Stone, efq. 
/I' .'/> J . Clifford, of Weftu loil and 1 ford,<^^. 
I'ifH/'-r^. Rich.Men.Beaumont, of Whitley ,e£qfb 

South Walgs. 
Cutnuvtl'cti. J. Williams, of Wcunalt, 0(4. 
VokI ■ ',U. \u\\n Iliggon, of Scolton, efq. 
Cui .;'.V i«. 1"l .a- l/iiiyd, of Brcnwydd, cCq. 
(iluM'i'i^^un. John Lucas, of Stout tiall, ef^. 
rif::n. Ji/hn Lloyd, of Aberonalt, efq. 
Keid^i^r. Wm. SymonJs, of G lafcomb, efq. 

Nor I H Wai es. 

.-^v-'v'i. Kv«:i LUivdjOl Maes y Poi:h,ef»|, 
(..". -..r .- ;f . VVil!i:»m Owen, of Pencrui?, c!q. 
.\ .':■•••,■•..■••'. W.li.J L^rJth.^1,<;f Uchc'uiicNeiq, 
M-"*.: *yr y. P.ivid Pn7.h, of Bryndtfnven.cfti. 
j\\'- fihf'.ite. Filw. t')ii«ji,»;r Evtivi H.i'l.cf^- 
} ■' r .*. Ki« iii'rd Piiiclliui, of Umia'i, ciq. 

illL.KlFl- .:»/K/':."iA> ///. Kouil liifrlrtj. the 
C: ' r a J.'.'. Fi . Gi.iu\ illr. of Catc{ ifl v:Jt h, efq. 



CIRCUITS OF THK J U D G K S. 



LENT 
CIRCCIT. 



Fiiil. Mar. i. 
Morulay 4 
WcJncfd. 6 
Friday 8 
Saturday q'Lancafts.T 

Mond'^y 1 1 . 

VVcdnetd. 13 
TluirfJ.iy 14 
kS;itiird.Ty if. 



NonTHERN- NoRror.K.i Mii i.A. \..\ Hume. AVri-i feK.N.1 O.xFoUi/. 

L.CluP.i.- jr.. C.I;.,..ojiJt. r,„...l..'. j. Allihuul. j. VVUfon. 
B. Ptii v.». B.Tlionr.fon. B. Hollunm. [. Hcilh I . GiotV. 

'_ I I \i ii 



L. Kfnvon. 
J. Biillcr. 



He It foul 



Noithanipt. Cl;cl.iitr>rd ' Rculing 

W'iji. IiiAcr Oxfojd 



Oaklnm 



Aylelt ury Line. :'* City ' S.iriun . 

M.iMAonc 1 



jWorc^Cityi 



Bedford 



N^utt&i Town- 



■jHunMn^vlon. I^crby | 



Monday i^jYork&Ciry — 

,Tiicf('ay 19' C:mibriv'7tf \ , 

Thk:rfd. ail i — L«.:c. .♦.- iV>;: KlurlVj'i 



DorcL.ft^r SiaiToril 



; L. (^j-jnflcair F.xon .^ City \ — ; 



— .Shif v/<^ I ry 



I liJay XI 

S<>turd:iy 2-1'— 
Monday 2: — 
Tiicf. • if'i— . 
WcJnefd. iTj — 
'. .nrfd. 231 — 



■Thf:crord 



— .Bury St. F.il., 



Cevcptry ; — 
.Warwicr: i — 



--'L.iuiKxllon Ucrcfuid ' 



Saturday 3c! 



;T.iunton JMonmouth 
:Gloti.&Ci'Y 



/: 



/ 




'N^iU 



t«4 



BirAi and MsrrtMgii rf tinJUfrsiU Pgr/mu. 



Vol. LXIL p. 1*19. The following: clr-» 
dunftances reftite tht seneraUy*recetvcd opi- 
mon, both in England and Franne, Uiat Lady 
Edward FiUgerald is nearly related to tho 
tt'devmt Duke of Orleans: — It was part of 
the excellent plan, laid down hy Madame 
Genlis, f»r the education of the yovmg Prin- 
ceis of Orleans, that (he (hould have fom« 
young perfon.to iharc with her the adtan* 
tageK of tuitioo, that emulation Inight be ex- 
cited, and the habits of fociety rendered fa« 
miliar by the earpeft experience. In a little 
tillage* between Whitchurch and Southamp* 
ton* Ihc was dttfained, feveral years fmce, by 
accident, for one night j and it was there 
that, from fomc circumftances not e3ca£tly 
Hated, fhe was induced to adopt a beautiful 
child, ef very poor parents, for the purpofe 
•r this involuntary aifii^kance in her plan of 
cdttcatidn. The Duchefr of Orleans was not 
then feparatcd from the Duke, or, at leaft, 
not fo farhnt that they conferred together on 
the education of their childreo. She received 
the chiJd with fondnefs equal to that of Ma- 
dame Goilis, and gave her the nanw of 
ToMttU* Why it was always hinted that this 
child was related to M. d'Oricans, is not toW ; 
lut it taay be depended upon, thnt P<>.mela 
was legitimately born of Fnglilh parents and 
that it is lier v^ ho has recently become Lady 
Zdward Fitigcrald. 

VoL LXIII. p. 03. Mrs. Robinfon was 
•ducated in the CalvMiiftic doctrines, and 
CQfitinned in that perfuafion till within a few 
years of her deceafe. VVi:h the greater part 
of mankind opinions formfd in youth, and 
matured by time, arc indilVoluMe. Mrs. R. 
did not, as Ihe advanced in years, l.iy afide her 
reafoning faculties, but exeitcd ilurm to the 
laft. The refult was, a gradual change of opi- 
nion; the fecyliar do^tiftes, which were be- 
fore thtjifie qua non of falvation, became in 
her mind derogatory to the charafler of a 
}iift and merciful God. Being n^tturally of a 
benevolent heart and extenfive charity, fhe 
found her creed at variance with the ideas 
file had formed of juftice and equity and 
abandoned it. She was a woman of uncom- 
mon fenfibilitv and penetration, accompanied 
with a found judgment. She was in temper 
mild and generous, whicli redered her be- 
loved by all her acquaintance while living, 
and lamented now dead. Charitable almoil 
to a fanlt, tlie poor of her neighbourhooil will 
deplore herlofs; her children liave lo(l an 
afteflionate mother, and her huiband a vir- 
tuous and amiable companion. 



Dixon, efq. rf 



Births. 
7*«.nPllE Lady of — 
29- 1, Spi»(by, Line, two male children. 

30. Ar hts houfe in Htntman-fquare, the 
Lady of Col. Harper, a daup,i)ter. 

L.itf'!y^ in Powis-placc, ihc Lady of Francis 
Fou nes Luttrirll, efq. a d.»ughter. 

The [.atty of Edw. Cokf , e(q. of l«ongforJ, 
M.1'. fur Derby, a fon it,\A l»tM\ 



Mrs. Indedon^ wife of Mr. I. of 
garden theatre, two daughter!. 

Fih. 3. The Lady of Wm. Wood 
of Bury St. Edmund's^ a l<Mi and hei 

5. The Lady of the Rev. Mr. Tw 
of Little Cafterton, co. Line, two da 

9. At his tionfe in Great Comber] 
the Lady of Wou Buihby, efq. a fon. 

Ac his houfe in Welbeck-ftreet, 
diifa-fquare, the Lady of Capt. Blais, 

z 3. In Oover-llreet, PiocadiU/y Mi 
of Parisy a daughter. 

Makriaoes. 
Jaru A T the hotel of the gritifti 
11. jr\_ fador to the Court of 
CaptTpoote, of the royal ivivy, to M 
Henries, daughter of Sir Rob. H^ boi 
Mr. Edwards, of New Bond-ftreei 
Cliapman, of Exton, co. Rutland. 

17. Mr. Arthur Windus, of the 
fice, to Mifs Burtenfhaw, of Queen i 
a8. Mr. Charles Latham, jun. of 
Mowbray, to Mifs Sarah Healey, c 
CO. Leiceflcr. 

3 1 . Samnel Knipe, efq. of Epfom 

Sampfon, dau. of chelate Jas. S. efq.< 

At LiiboQ, Mr. Robert Smith, jii 

Paul's Church-ya. to Mifs Bowden.c 

T. B. Luxmoore,cfq. to Mifs Cai 

both of Okehampton. 

I^tttyy Sir BoiH'rhier Wray, bart 
A. On>ot ne, youngefV daughter of 
Tho. O. efq. of Monk's-hill, co. Gk 
Mr. Moody, brother to Samuel 5 
Queen- fquare, Blm>mfbury, to Mifs 
Rev. Tho. Methold, re6lor of $ 
Afpal and Wetherenfel, co. Suiiblk 
Maria Turner, of Stuke-hall, in fan 
At Aylelbury, Bucks, Mr. Tlw. 
to Mifs A. Gouge, both ofth.it plac 
By fpecial licence, at Summer- 
feat of Mr. Rowley), Henry Stc« 
M. P. for il>e bor(>ur;li of Longfor 
Hon. Mifs Pakenham, eldeft dai 
the late Lord Lorgford. 

Rev. Mr. Thomj?, to Mifs Wyi 
of Holt, CO. Lincoln. 

Ftb.i. Mr. Geo. Hod;;fan,nephfl 
H. coroner of the county of Mid* 
Mifs Eliza Tcbhs, fecond daugh. r)f 
T. knt. one of the IberiH^ of l^ndr 
Rich. Hole, efq. of Okeliampt(»r 
Mary MelhniAi, daughter of Rev. 
of WithcriOge. 

T^. Rev. Sam. SntUer, v«rr\rofSan 
Mifs P-irfon*, daughirr of the l.iie 
P. reflor of Biimpfield, co. GL>nc< 
4.. At Bath, WcTV Kutfell, cfq.o 
to Mifs Packlngton, d-.«Mg!ncr of Si 
Perrott P. of Weftwootl, in Lime c 
By fpcci.1l licence, M.iUlicw G 
of Jerfey, to Mifj» Grace Kr.inkl.in 
eA daughter of the U\c Ad.nlral Si 
p. K'lrt. 

Robert Selbv, efq. of Argvle 
MiL Talbo:, fiitei- to the Earl of St 



17933 Marrittgis and Deaths ef confiJerable firfinu 185 

At Saltan Cdldtield, Rev. Gdmund Wil- of liis life, a fufTiercr by many diibrder*^ 

lumfeii^ redlor of Cam|>ton, ca BedfbrU, to chiefly the goixt. About ten years Hnce, he 

MifsRilMid* youngeft daughter of the Rev* was reckoned atnong the iineft fining men 

R. B. R. late reAor of Sutton Coldfield. of the day, for ac^ompliftiments and figure. 

5. Rev. Mr. Furfter, «>f Ayftont co. Rut- Soon aftei-\v;u*dsy he was feized with a fit of 
lukl, to Mifs GtMjdfeHow, of North Lufieti- tlie gout, unufualiy violent and long, and had 
bam, in the fame rmtnty. ever fiiice beenT nearly a cripple. His long 

6. Mr. Wm. Crifp, rihbon-weaver, ml rcfidence abroad, and the aillierence of the 
F«fter-]ane, CheapCde, to Mifs ColUnfon ;— fomily to the Catholic perfuaTion, by whic*i 
al6)» Mr. J. Bulmer, linen-diaper, of White- they are kept from parliament, have prc« 
diapel, t.> Miis Agnes Collinfon, fiftcr of the Tdnted their being much known ; but their 
afurefaid, and both daughters of Mr. Eilw* eftates are very ample. 

C of Lcymbard.ftreet. 2 ^. Rev. Mr. VVhitchurft, reAor of Hop* 

7. Mr. George Cdoch, attorney, to Mifs ton Wafer?, co. Salop. 

Williams, both of Newport Pagnel, Bucks.- At Lichfield, Rev. John Harrifon, vicar of 

At Ladbroke, co. Warwick, Rev. Henry Penn, H.imerwich, and Wichnor. 
Cile,chaplamtotheFrinceof Wales, to Mrs. 24 Aged about 70, fohn Neale, efq. of 
Morewood, cf Alfreten-holl, co. Derby, re- Altelley-park, co. Warwick, a few years 
lift of Geo. M. efq. fince fbcntf of that county, and formerly co- 
Mr. Smitliemaaf of Dagenham, Effex, to louel of a cohYpany in the third regiment 0/ 
Mi&EflharSeagcr, daughter uf John S.efq. fool-guards, flefuccecded his broclier, Jo* 
of Greenwich. f^ph Mac Phtrfon Noale, in that c-iUte, who 

8. At Newtown Linford, co. Leicefter, had been like wife colonel of a company In 
lev. Mr. Comthwaiie, curate of Ratby and the fame regiment. He was endowed with 
Newtown, to Mrs. Tnieman, widow. great natural humoiu*, and was a warm and 

II. Mr. Jaroet Scott, to Mils bnaith, both lleady friend where he profefTed frieudihip. 

of Vaaxball. He was the Ia(^ of the line of the Neales fi- 

Th(iiiasKing,efq. of Cofilngton, to Mifs tu.ited at Atlefiey, who had long podefled 

Aniold, (tf Loughborough. th it place and its exrenfive manor. 

19. jtbn Charles Middleton.efq. of Hin- At her hmifc in ElT(*x, in her 76th year^ 

ton Ampmer,' Hants, to Mifs Charlotte Mrs. Eliz. Nicliulls, relitt of Geo. N. efq. 
Beckford, of PorCinan-fquare. 95. At Norton, lo the great gf*ief of all 

At Low Layton, Mr. Jolm Pickering, who had the pleafore of her acquaintance, 

■wrchint, of Watling-ftreet, to Mif> A. and in the prime «»f life, after a Iht.rt illnefs. 

Wood, of LaytoD- ftone. Mifs Hogr, fitter of John H. efq. of Norton,' 

10. B]r fpecial licence, the Hon. Thomas co. Durham. 
Wradfor, hrocher to the Farl of Plymouth, a In Brook-ftrcet, Bath, Mrs. Rooper, relift 

c^m in the royal navy, to Mifs Bagnall, of Godolphin R. efq. 

daiLof Jolui B. ef<i.of tarly-court, Berks. 26. At Cheltenham, Geo. Monck B^rke- 

21. AntlMXiv Bolhby B.icon, eftf. of Gla- ley, efq. of tlit Inner Temple, LL. B. only 

n'OTpnlhire, near Cardiff, to M.fs Ramf- fon of Dr. B. prebendary of Canterbury, and 

^>''«oni,of Alderfgae-Ilreet. editor of the "Literary Rclicks," reviewed 

Mr. Waters, of Old Bond-ftrect, to Mifs vol. LIX, pp. 154,137. 
f**ying, you. uaugh. of the laie Admiral F. In her 68th year, alter a fhort but painful 
Kidnrd Samler, efq. of Bridga llreet, to illnefs, which fhe bore with patience and re- 
Mils S. Law, of Leeds, in Yorklhirc. fignation, Mrs. Mary t:heflyn, of Dyfe wortli, 

■ CO. Leiceller. Her friends greatly regret her 

Deaths. death, which will be much felt hy the poor. 
1791. A T Bombay, Dr. Alex. Grant 17. At Wandfworth, Surrey, Mrs. Eai- 

y^^ii-JrV. Clugfton, furgcon-genend to chard, wife of John B. efq. 
ihc army on that eflablifhment. Mrs. Parker, wife of Chriftopher P. efq. 

J>tc. . . At Poit-Royai, in Jamaica, Capt. of Milk- llreet. 
lX)bfon, of the 20th regiment. After a long illnefs, Mr. W. SrfFvcRfon, 

X, At Jamaica, Capt. Bateman, of the tanner, and cHie of the aldermen of St.imford. 

lah regiment He fervcd the office of pii.iyor in i-»go j and 

1793. ^fiff. 3f. ^^ Vienna, in his 65th his death is puniculaily regretted as :t lofs to 

year, Field-marfhal Lieutenant Baron Wallis, the poor, for the relief he afforded ihem was 

colonel proprietor of a regiment of cuirallicrs, not lefs th.in 50I. a-ycar. He was a puudual 

knisht <>f ili« order of Maria Therefa, and tiV-efman, .ind a truly honed man. 
fovemor-gencral of Croatia. 28. Mr. Jcremiali Hargrave, many years 

15. At Munich, in Bavaria, Hugh Lord proprietor of the Rainbow cofirce-houfc in 

Cifflbrd, of Chodleigh; bom in 1756 ; and ComhiU. 

ouurried, in 1 j^o, to Apollonia, daughter of Mrs. H.iwley, of the Swan ion at M«lton 

the late Lord Largdale. The barony and Mowhj-ay, co. Leioeder. 
•ftaces defcend to his Lordfhip's brother, Rev.W.Carr, vicar of Loftby, co. Leiccf- 

Cbarles. He had been, for the latter years ter, and ri^M* of HarkAon, co. Northampt. 
. Oknt. Mac. Ftf^fMOi^i I793« At 

12 



1 86 Obituary of confiderable Ptrfom 

At Appleby, Wcftmorcland, Jeremiah 
Pfbinfon, efq. barnfler at lau-, recorder 
of the borough of Appleby, and one of the 
benchers of the hon. fociet)i<of Grays-inn. 

19. At hit houfe» the dorner of Bridse- 
ftreet, Blackfriai'^, Mr. Edwaid Kicholfon, 
linen-draper. 

Rev. Coote Leicefter, vicar of Htmpnall, 
CO. Norfolk. 

At Iflington, in her 74th year, Mrs. 
Mary Voyce. 

At the fame place, in his 7511'* year, Mr. 
Wm. Watfon, nurfciyman. 

At his ht/ult' on ilic Long row, Nolf ng- 
ham, Mr. lewis Allf.p, dr.ipcr, fon of Mr. 
A. formerly an .it.iMM^-y .it Lou^lilujrough, 
and brother of l.ady Goidou, of Gticnutwi- 
hall, CO. Leicefler. 

30. Athis cl»an»bcis in MitnNcn\.it, Tem- 
ple, Andr«w Paiiot, k.U\. of La.cham, en. 
Mid^ilefex. 

After an illnefs of a few dav?^, Mrs. \Ve- 
therall, wife of Mr. Thomas W. i>{ Gaiuibo- 
rough. If univei fal benevolence ran cnfin e 
thcrefpedl, and i)iAin?:niflied hoi'j)iL3!ity tic 
gratiiude of mankind i hor nicnic ry will Ve 
honoured, in Lite town in which ihc lived, af- 
ter her name i.^ foi goucn. 

31. Mrs. M.iynaul, of Clapha-n. 

Aged 77, J'whn Cirinfton, cfq.iif IJnjoIn. 

Mr. Lucas, furt;tfon and apoilccri y, of 
Walton, CO. Lciccjl^er, 

At Nottinghani, in his 71ft vcar, Tl.o-r;.s 
Plowman, gent. cTeputy- re filler ol the arcU- 
i'eacoory of Notting!:nm. 

At Mr. Nolth^, on D'.-.lvvich conimrn, 
aged 60, Mr. Arthur SratV, ftMnuily an 
eminent brazier in Gmcedn.rcli-f^rcet. 

LaiflVf .U lii."; fta: at Mcpkin, ii: S(?uih 

Ca'-dlma, in liis 7^th year, the H(mi. }Teniy 

Laurens, formerly pufidcm of the Co:'.ti- 

ncntnl Co: grcfs of -Amencr., .-"ikI a'l'b.ilf.dor 

from thence to the U'.:tfi! St.iic^ -f Ih^llniid. 

On his piffngc Ihithc!-, I e wa-; tiptnr'.d by a 

BniiHi Ihipof war, rj>ti brousi«t to Kngl.iud, 

where he w.'is coma.itfcd lo \m. To'^-er, as a 

llntc p^ ifoncr, by t:ie F.ntih Nsiiiirt'Y. and 

vc;r .lined fo tbrfoujtfcn nn^'.t-'^, u'.iiii hs 

w:is bju'ed. 'J irii w a<: n.'.>i!;r-.l i.piMj \\,^ 

n-ws of the i\-Jr\\ of Earl Cuiiual'i^ at 

Yorlc to'.vn, in V i7,lnJ;», nl-e:e Mr. i.au- 

rcns'F fon, a ci.!o"cl in the An.triiaij army, 

fignnli^'^d liinii- II in avlir.n. and drew up Xh^ 

terms cr cnpitui: tii-nof the h.ulai'tJ hi<;arniy. 

Vf hat nis«*i thiv; iip/ular was ihnt F.nil Coin- 

wallis w.« il'.v" f'.vfir.or of ih.5 To'A'rr of 

London, uhcri Cohmtl Lrairr nr.*sfvi*''"*r\vas 

at the fame time confmed. Cilontl LauretiS 

was afterwaid; killed in a^ on with the Bri- 

lifli in South Caroliiu, jull at thcciofc of the 

V a: , after havin:j dil^:ngu:fhed himfclf up-)n 

various occafio!.'. fo :.s to r.'-'" ^^^^ *'.'!nk <f 

Genera!, Lv i\\z rj.po'ntra''nt of Congrefs, 

which he dcclir.cd arcep»ing. Two more 

difinterefted chara«^crs tlian the fa'her and 

fon never appe.ired during the American 

war, as ncithiV would receive eilUcr pay or 



I with Biographical Jtnecdotis. [Feb. 

profit for their fervices. At the clt»fe of the 
Wir, Mr. Laurens, the fitlier. retired, Cin- 
cinnatus like, to his country- feat, aiul refufed 
all appointments of profit or honour. Mr. 
L's boify, according to tlte directions of his 
will, was burnt to afhes two day« after his 
death, in a firt. kindled by eight favourite 
Ne«!n»c';. 

In the MalTichufas' co'or.y* N-ntli .Ame- 
rica, ai'.ed io.|, Mr. Michael Fclert'on; wh.t, 
with a very tritiin;;'ed2cution, had moft in- 
duHrioufly explored the operations of Na* 
tore, and h.nd written a vei7 inflrudtivtt 
tr.ct <?n the hiw of animal growth. 

At his viha n :ar 0»'^-}ct, in Franche 
Comte, M. Savan, who h d wiiltcn fome 
very in;»eni*)U!. pieces, particularly •* i he 
D.-u'/Ts •>» a Scvlcnt.-^ry Life." He was the 
dc^''-n<lanr of the crlcbratrd Savary, trarrlla- 
tor of ih'f K<»ran, nuthor of an Arabic Dio- 
t!»>nary, and culler works of msinal l^bwir. 

At Orgon, in Piovipcc, M. Tilfot, author 
of *' Sketches of Sociity,"* ** Modem Dc- 
inavity," iiC 

In Irel.fnJ, Richard L<l. Vifcount Powerf- 
cou't. He w.'is born in i;62, add fuccccded 
t.ufje title in 178S. 

I:i rM.mby-row, Dublin, Col. Hiigh Cane, 
M. p. hr the Iwrough of Talla£.h. 

.\i;i.\| I./), Dennis O'Grady, «f Thorles, 
CO. Ill pera* y, farmer. He never experienee-d 
any \ti > ijvere illnefs from his ch»ldhf>d, 
^;ul M ♦..•.•. .c.i hi« faifcs to the laU. His wife 
i^ >n !ier o t'l y.:T. ' 

.\t l\\ h.ii,«», Mr. Jus. Cumyng, keeper 
of " .? I.) y.\ recoii'.s, and fecrct*r; to the So- 
cict> of ^-^orilh Anlit;nMics. 

At i- ;r:v>u:h, co. D.-yon, Mr. ^J^'iUiani- 
C-pl^'ph r Burchr.ril, foa of Mr. B. of 
W.-.ni'.f-.t j:th, :n S^iiVcy. 

/.t W.'.'er h 11, c:>. York, in an a^'vanced 
rj'?, Sir Jof pi I'cnni! rion, bait. His c.late 
«^n'-.iv,'^ I ^ :-v f :i Jn'.n, who, in 1783, was 
cie.'.rcd L 'pl Mt:nt.ii?er. 

At Eveiion, co. hJcjford, the Rev. John 
Ren-i';,ie, M.a. vicir nf ih.it plac*, and one 
of the p!c<cl Ci'i of To'.fnliam-coujt chapeL 

In l■.i^ > tij yea-, |»u-ph loll'-, efq. mayor 
t»r C ili.'c;, in hi> th. ul n>.»yorHl:y, .•»!ii) m tl»c 
co.r.iim.'on i.f iho n/.»,c f'.?r x\\t Cinmly of 
C li'iibi'ilaii'l. 

M»!ch I -nicntcvh iNJr. James TTiig-j, fcve- 
T.X yens \\\\\ em of i:.« J4tli regiment. He 
u s .ilf(» one (••' the pi^r Lial gen'lcjwcn in the 
l.'.c voy.iC" ..nicii" Icn hv c!ie late c: !c*>r.«ted 
C >\-X. Co' 1^ : anii "o.- ^\ho^e joint endeavours 
ih.e tiea'tli <f c.^c!. ijrpe<flive fhip'^ r:e»v was 
lb f'lcrcf fa ly prjfervcd a? to Ixj almuA un- 
preccdcntrd :n the .annali of nautical pra«*ricc- 

Kev. M:-. John Prxc, of Great Bouijhton, 
near Choiler. 

Ag«*tl 93, ^Tr John Warbrick, of Lan^ 
cjftcr, !i J Ml I'r.sper, «^nc of the Cv>rp«»ralion 
of that lM»r(Hi.vi J he was fpt.'n.!inj tbe even- 
ing at a frici'd's honfe in gtVKl heoltlt and 
fpirits, when he fcU from his chair, aud ex- 
pired fuuu aftei'. 

ReT. 



1 793. ] Ohltuary^fconjiltrahle Ptr/ofts \ xvtth Bi' graphical Anecdtiis. 1 87 



Reir. Wm. Hill, a canon of U'elis. 

Within 24 HmUi-s of e^cii othtT, ihre? chil- 
dren of Mr. Wiliiam Ry.i!!, of Sut.dtrUiiJ. 

Mrs. £ujb.ige» wife ot Mr. Is. piiiiter of 
the No(tiii);h im jomnal. 

At Lincohi, ar^cil 102, the w'd.jw Pane. 

At Ltnco'.ii, ligol 92, the uiJow liuder. 



«. At Baih, in Fiis 71ft ycnr, the Right 
Hon. iwiil Rev. John Lord Vifcount Tracy, 
D.D. Vi<c mntyiu) L.tron Tracytif Ra'hcoole, 
CO. Diinlin, :hi('. warden of All Souls ■Collet^*. 
His loidlTip's \ery t^cevolriu tiifp 'fition and 
inj«?j{riiy of hem b.«d eng.-iged him :he eftc?i^ 
and ;iffcdion flf all w1r> knew hini, and par- 



Rev. D. O II.11&, ipallcr of il»e fiee-fcho«d ticularly that of the locie'.y in which he fo 



at Tamw:irthy AjiJ vicar of King (bury and 
Drayton Riifct. 

At Ripley-Green, in Surrey, aged 29, 
Mil's .Margaret Mildred. 

At Kcw, after a lia^oring illncfs, Mr. 
Aitoiiy fup^ri'itcndant uf ciie mV'al hotim c:d 
g.^rd ns at th .t phce j of whom foma furtlicr 
pmticui.'.r:^ ih 'II be ^iven 

At lllewonli, aj.d 77, Mr. [amcs Tew, 
in in 7 years ::n ems::e::t attornsy in L>i)u's- 
iiin. and che<}l(*e!l n>>on Che hit. 

Tib, I. At Kciitoii, near f^xcier, afier a.i 
iIlne:'s<Tf a few da.'J, Mts. Pi.lAhcttf, wt*c of 
the Rev. R.'jh.r: I*, of IM.vht-'.c m Corn- 
wail, anti ia-e of Chnll Church o'.lc...-.\ Ox- 
^iwd, to wiuifc ta'ents 'A\z iniMii.k ou'.- m:iny 
v.«Iua»dtf h:ei.iry WDik-', ni-.it of whxh hue 
been imiicrd in mir prccedin:: numhrrs. '^.Ts. 
P. W.W 01 the family nf VV.ifitn. Shy has 
Icfi i'uie a foil and iwo .larglv*;;?. v\ith 
thofc del' <:;*£•' and a'ni.ibtc ns.nuer*, ilut n:t- 
live fu'eetnef-k of ihi'i»<)riti.»n, which cdmc!- 
liates afft'tlion and erteeTi, wtri nlen-ied in 
her the w<ti-mtli uid ficailii.f^ ot fiieii-Hhip, 
ami ihnt comp^i'UiMiaie teehnt^ ^m' tlii\ich-, 
whkh «firts iti'cll in adlvc lH:iiev ilencc. 

At l-.ii h'M'.fe in C;nei iiili-rv-u-ro, the 
right h>r. VViUixti \V.idin.in IJ. niat'Dn, 
vii count har ling: ou of .Aid Mi'T-, ar.d i^aron 
Ba-tm;tan of Ncv(.'.llle— hiih tiles. His 
l*«lth'p wis bom m 17175 murned, S-p- 
lemhtrr 1-4.'', M-.^f tl ii'.gliter .-nd her. l*- of 
Henry yoi-ngc t 'W.w ot Sti Sal ithicl Lovfl, 
•i»e nf tl ? iwei c r»«!Te««' in rhc rf::n <if 
Xi?««n Aiitit:, w:J;Av' wf ^.i-iAuel, (on .mkI Isrir 
^ ^Villiam viicoiuir Giimrto^*. (In l.uiy- 
ftipdicilin 1764, kavin-. no illii*^. \\\^ lonl- 
fhipliad a jieofitMi uf ?.'vvj l. p';r annnin-rio:n 
Ipvetnmeji:, which i* l.ipleil ; ati.l Mr. 
I*'r4nc« Bjiri.'igton, eUlell fun of the i uc 
Geijc;jl B.iiniiftt n, lutcccds toth-* i.tic jiid 
eiUtcs. tie was a man <>f grt.tt woth .ind 
ho»»»ur, and e;lecmc.l amon^ ll\« hcll bicd 
n^en of the jsc V.c \\ d formtily 'crved 
his cciintrv in vitriou-i tl.if.ons of fccre^.-ry at 
War, &c. but ?.asl for lomc ytars rctiicd to 
enjuj- hi* '^thm :%%r l^/rfjfc vrv.h a fi;lj>*t num- 
ber of friends. He paU'il nu:ch ot fii'^ tirne 
at his feat at Bcckct, in th-j vale <■( Hcik- 
(hire; wh^re tha po«)r wdl grca'h- l.iment 
the lofs of a lib-M.d henef i^tor. H« belonged 
fifty years to one club, of which he wa*. the 
father. This chib ct»nfirts of thr mod ic- 
fpeclable chara^er** in the ctuiotry, and is 
remarkably feleA. Thty aic hn vivants, and 
much alt. ched to the ci'.gancies of the table. 
Hiii'dth is extremely deplore«l by his inti- 
mates, 'A I o have lo'.i a It -dfail fi iead| and 
a mo^ cbtarful coropaniqn. 



i»»ng prehded. In forac of the ^public 
pap rs he has bt sn called J»hn Le:gh. 
His elder hmther took, the n.ime of Leigh, 
but th^ w.irdfn ne • r diJ. It ha»> htren 
fjid in oii-er- th:it h; left a conlisler.iblc le- 
gacy to h»> nephew, liie Rev Mr. Hemu«; 
bur he ha.l no rt-lation of that name 5 and 
befi U'.s, no wi I h.is bern yet ^oimd, in ro*^- 
fwjue ceof which his pro;>ery wdl d^vol/t 
to [ii> hioihri, Iknry, now Vi'coimt Tr.xy,- 
who ha*' fir.ce o^ -rained tfie royal licenle to 
alfiime the j'nrn?me, and hen the amis, of 
Lrigh onlv, .mA the ln>n Mr. . Frances T- acy. 

At i'oinrir -rrove, Totteiidgc, c«). Hert^, 
Ml-. Williams »«-l!'^ "f Edw. Williams, eUj. 
fo: mer'y of il-.i Inner Temp'e, b.itrjiler. 

Su'J*?ij1v, at i:l.ngUM», atred 78, Robert 
Hui?^f -n, cfq. 

At Poiiimonth, Mr.- Don 'la*, carpenter 
of ins Majc:ly s Oiip Vi.^lory. A waiTant, 
appomtiiig hin) bniUlerof H.difix-yard, camo 
d'^wn the mi.niinij of hist!sath. 

At Spil.'Tjy, cj Lmic. Mr. |..hn ^. i.lt-rby. 

At L>!b >n, in a ilocp deJ.ne, in h:r 20th 
year, Mifs Kmin 'iiofvcnor, youngeit dan. 
of ' ho. G. cf'j. of S'Vfll conrt, co. Som^rlet, 
and of \V;»ltb^mOow, Klfcx, M.P. forChcf- 
tcr, and br.it her to Lord G. 

3. On R'chnnnd-j^reen, Mrs. Swinden, 
ith^t of Rev. Samuel TraiicioS. 

At I a;ig;ttjfr, aged 07, RtiUeit f^^mbert. 

4. Rev. Ihoiuas 8oycc« MA. icct.>r of 
Worljngham .M.^^r.a ci;n> Po.-;*, co. Suiiulix, 
and chapla:n tJ ili-^ Ll.ii ', ,jf SultMk 

At Lichfield, Mrs. :-'utlwend;;e, wife, forry 
y^-nrs *»f the Rev. ( heo. .KnC'j dgv, maimer 
of v.. J,.hn s 'lo'i'ii. I. Her d-hghts were in 
\\f\ dom«ift!C 'JCMipition*, wnch ihe i-ttend- 
cd to uiih .-n aiVuii!:ry I'liiloin pr.iCliceil. Sho 
b'oughtiiptl^irteenchildren, tl ;venof whom 
\\\?. hved to bury (t>e vol. LIX. p. 2!^-). 
S:»e w.is th-s daughter of Jofuh Ourani, hte 
rc^or of Ha. k-y. and fiMcr to t'lc ptefci>C 
rf.rt^.r, and of Geo Dm.^nt, of I'.hjc ».-4 ile, 
ci") dtceufej, laia'.y nicndr-.r of p.«iii.»inn.e 
for tveiham 

5. \t M.lden. in Ktfox, Thorn ,3 Pigoft, 
cfq of t!iai town, fi:rmerly an officer in tlic 
Ikrit re^;^m nt of dragoon-r.naids. 

In vV'Mcettcr, GiIl-s, cf(|. an .V.der- 

man or that corpwr t on, w ho feived the of- 
hcf of mayi>r in 1 7J t. 

At lisfa-htrrs hoo:'? in Vlhenvnle-fti-cct, 

in his Sin year, Ivw-d , vIurray,iliuU f, i 

of I he Diik-iof Aihol. 

Mis. C.)l::m.4n. wife of M. . Rob.rl C. j..n. 
of Qixen''- r»ara<ie, HrandiM,-ui!i, Hn.l. !. 

6. At VValcot-p:ace, Ldmbc^h. .,sr .j ^2* 
John Jackionj cfq. laic of HaUoiv-'^c;v.'- ...' 



K-i.--^ 



[88 Obituary of corJiderahleP iff Oil i I mth Biographical AmcdsUs. [Feb. 



Ageil 9-^ Mary Rail, nf Lanpitoft. 

Mrs. Wraiiams, wife of Rev. Win. W. of 
Lew iiham- hilly Hlackheath. ' 

7. Mrs. Margar«t Davus, fiftcr of ibe Rev. 
Richard D. reclor of Highclere, Hants. 

At hi« apartments in St. Jmi«s*s.|!abce, 
Sir Wm. HiUmnn, knt. fecoiid clerk of the 
Board of Green Cloih. 

At Walworth, after a lonji: illnefs, Mrs. 
Alhmorc, wife of Mr. Peter A. bruTh ma- 
)Ler, nn Snow hill. 

At his I»oufe in Hill-ftrcet, Fcikeley-fqua. 
Wm. Balfour, efq. laicof ilic B'>ardof Rcve- 
pue at Madras. 

At Ripley Green, in Suirey, agetl 40, 
Mr. Richard White. 

8 At Market Orton, co. Rutland, Mr. 
Thonjas Hopkinf« n, defcrvcclly regretted 
by all l)i}. friends and acqwainianee. 

At Hallaton, «o. Leic. Leonard Vovve, cfq. 

10. At her houf« in Durhan» phice, Hack- 
pey-road, Mrs. Pitiencc Hinds, an elderly 
maiden lady, much eftecmed and refpedled 
i>y all her friends and acq; ainiance. 

At Glerffteld,cn. Leic, aged 74, Mrs Lillcy, 
nifc of the Rev. Mr. L. re^or of GlcnficU', 
Braundon, and Kirby. More than a com- 
mon tribute of refpcft is due to the rocmory 
of tlus amiable woman from thofc moft im- 
mediately connedlfd with her. 

11. At Loughborough, CO Lciceftcr,much 
rcfpeftcd, Mrs. Shaw, fiClcr of Mr. Cumber- 
land, of Leicefter, hofier. 

At Little Green, Suffcx, Mrs. Phipps, wi- 
dow of Tho. P. efq. of Hey wo(k1, Wilts. 

11. AthishoufeonWcrton green, Surrey, 
aged S8, Ceo. Jarvis,cfq. 

At Leicefter, Mrs. Firmadgc, wife of Mr. 
F. of that place. 

Rev. John fones, re^or of Hanvootl, and 
curate of Prefton-Gubb.ils, ne.nr Shrew r. ury. 

Mrs. Mitchell, wife of Mr. M. bricklayer, 
of Enfield. 

In his 7:th year, Jn. Walkinfhaw Craw- 
ford, ef*! of Crav\foKl!.»r.d —The cft.Me ot 
Cr^wfordland has bee«i tianfmitted from fa- 
ther tM fon, all of the name oJ John, for 22 
gone rat ioi>6. 

1 3. Alex. Diincan, ef<j. of C.smbei^wcll. 
At Plaiftow, Elfex, Mr. Bi idger, furgeon. 

14. Capt. Fergufon, heutcnam-goveinor 
of Green VI ich-hofpital. 

Aged 22, Mr. Gr.lfridus James M*Gcorge, 
^toiney .r. l.iw', of Scarborough. 

At Luitcrwoith, co. Le»cei*ver, in his 89lh 
ycaj, Mr. Worml«ightonj a refpei'lablo roan. 

14. E.-.ily this morning, in his Ooth year, 
in his hoiife in Clwtham- place, Biafs Crofby, 
cfq. a'dtrmanfor the ward of Bread-ftreet ; 
prefi^'cni of the royal hofpitals of li ride well 
an»l Bclliiem, g<»vcinorof iho Irilh Society, 
Yice-prehdent of the L» nUon Workhoufe, 
acd chairman of the four pnncipal city com- 
nntiecs, viz. i. ihc City antl Bridge-houfc 
eftaces; 2. the Thames Navigati«;n ; 3. the 
Control over the Coal r.nd Corn meters ; 
4^ Gcccral Purpcfesj a trullec (as ttpe of 



' the fcnior alder meii) forGreentvich bofpital, 
WiIfon*s charity, &c. &c. ; in the com- 
mifTion of tie peace for Kent, and chair- 
man of th^ quarter (eflrons of the Eaftem 
divifjon of th.-.t courty. Mr. C. was bom 
at S'oik»on uprn Tees in r7a5, and 
bred to ti:e pidfeiTion of tlie law; but 
came cuily in lif^ to London, where 
he prad^ifed feveral years jis an .ittumey, 
firft in the Little Minorie.*:, and aNiut 
1752 removed to Seethini; lane . He laid t1 e 
foundation of his ample fortune by marrying 
the rich uidoiv of a taylor and falefmar, 
wlio had united to his otlier trades the 
more profitable employment of a dealer in 
Teamen's tickets. On her de.ith Mr. 
C. married the wiilow of Mr. Cooke, 
who had acquit ed a handfonic com[)e- 
tcncy as co)lai-m;ker to the Office t'f 
Ordrjuice. In 1758 he \\as eleAed one of 
the common-council for lower ward ; in 
1760 purchafed for 3,600!. the office of ciTf 
remembrancer, which in 1761 he was per- 
mitted to icU sgain; in 1764 was a vo- 
lunteer candld.nte for the office of (herifi', 
and obtained it; and in February 1765 was 
without oppofttion chofen alderman of tlie 
ward of Kread-ftrtet. Jn tlie parliameit 
which met in 176c, he was returned for 
the borough of Honiton \ at the general 
eleAion for Lomion in 1774 was an onfuc- 
cefsiul candidate; and^gain in 1784, when, 
on the death of aldeim.nn Bull, he fingly^ 
oppofed Mr. Watfon. He was ele£lt;d lord 
mayor, Sept. 24, 1770s and, in bis ad« 
drels (if thanks, cbpping his hand oo his 
heart, he allured his fellow citizens, *^ that, 
at the lifque of his life, he would prote^ 
them in tlicir jult privileges and liberties." 
That this profeflion was not a mere parade 
of wirds, uas evinced by his conduA in 
M.irch 1771, in the cafe rf the pioclitma- 
lion r.g.iinlt Whtble snd other printer* 
The pieiVnt worthy C h.iniberiatn, it will be 
recolieded, completely bafited every attempt 
to implicate him in the cenfure. Mr. Oli- 
ver uas ccmmited to the Tower; and Mr, 
C. (tl.en h.rd mayrr) was ort'ered into t)>e 
C'ii\oi'y of ti>e fcrjeant at am)s ; but, on his 
fpiiiitidy (.hfcrving, tlwt, •• if any offences 
liad been committed, he was Ui« greotbft of- 
fender, an«l that he longed to join his brother 
in oi!ice 1^ an order was figncd fur his com^ 
mitment to t ho Tower, ptrmitting hin', how- 
ever, to fleep that night at tlie M;«nrion- 
houfe. It appears from our voL XLU. p, 
139, where this tranr;?Aion is fully detailed, 
that ]oid North and Mr. Vox (uliowere 
not then looked up to as Champions of 
the Fn'fntfi of FrreJcm) expertCiiccd on that 
otcafion ft»me p.iitiLutar mortifications. 
1 he th.inkb of the com t of a^mmon- council 
wtre given to the lord mayor, aid to the 
."Idcrmen Wilkes and Oliver, " for having 
fupported on this impoitantoccafion the li- 
berties of the corporation, and for liaving de- 
fended tbc coDlliuition.** Dwnag the* timo 

Pi 



I79S0 OHimMrj$fanfiiiraUiPirfins\ with Biographical AneedHtt. 189 



•f his imprifoniikenr, ths Uird mayor wns ho- 
otMited whb the freedom '^.the city of Wor- 
cefter ami ctie town of Bedfonl ; with ad- 
A«flfes from tlw rouncies of C:»rnia- then, 
P«mbrok«, anU C^rOtican ; from the towns 
of Ncwcaftle, Scmcfnnl, and Honiinn ; 
fmm th« common -council of almnft every 
ward in the city of l^ondnn, and from ma- 
ny picriotic cluhs. The pariiament was 
pmmpieJ on the z^d of July ; when tiie 
ksffO n^ayoTy betns i eleafed of coii» f«. was 
carried from the Tmver to t!ic Maniiun- 
hniife wirh every imflTiMc muik of the np- 
pmiKiricm of his fellow-, it. zciis ; aiu'^ after 
the expiration t>f his m -m r.iky, v^as a- 
San rewarded bi^ tl>e thanks of to*; corpora- 
tion^ and a cop uf >ooUm value (v' 1. X LIT. 
p- 44). He received a few d.<y« aft< r a 
moi-e AlSAannal reward. Mr^ Tr-trfKall, 
tlie widow of a lite rcftor of Uuiton, 
Lilly in htr own r glil (by the pit of iirr 
ftther James Mcid, wine mr^rch^inc, of Lon- 
don, who piirclini'cd it in 17 53,) of the manor 
of Cbt'lesfiold Coitrt, Kent, an excellent un- 
man, anil paflVrlfed of a j •inture from l>«r for- 
mer hulLand of locol. a year« bellowed 
on him her hand and foitiuie, Feh. 9, i-yi* 
(ib. p. Q9); and after a iippy u li mi of 
one and twenty yearf, fuivivcsto bment his 
lofs. He was ele£led prefKlent of Bride- 



fh^e, ufed only on folemn occafions like the 
prefenc. 

15. At Harpfden conrt, near Henley, Ox- 
ford, in his 7^d year, Tho. Hall, cfq.; and, 
on the 2 2d, his remains were depoAted in 
the bnrying-ground of the Diflcating meet- 
Ing-huufe at Henley, near thofe of his friend 
and paftor, the Rev. Mr. Gainlborongh. 

16. At Bith, «f 3 decline, Anna- Maria- 
Frances, the third wife of Philip Stowey, tfq. 
formerly of Madras, now of Kenbury, co. 
Devon, and fiftcr of John ^hcljinn, cfq. 
F.K.S. profelfor of anatomy in the myal aca- 
demy of aits. She was bv>rn Od. 8, 1764s 
marrieil Jan. 15, 1791 ; ami was interred 
with the remains of her fiftcr, tlic late Mrs, 
Stov/ey , in tlie chancel df the {Mi ilh church 
of Exniinder in Devon. She had no ilfue. 

AcOirby, CO. Line- Mr. Rich.ird Kirkc, 
an eminent tanner of thnt place, iiged ^S ; 
who hid acquired a conridorahk p-oprrty by 
unremitting induftry, ar,dailri<5l punciualityf 
in a very exterfive line of buTiijcfs. 

At his houfc on l«ower College^greeii, 
Biifto^, Rev. Dr. Aylmer, prabendat y of tliat 
cathtdf aly and re^fUM* of Bradford, Wilt^:. 

In his 6 jd year, Rev. W. Fryer, icClor of 
St. M'ch;;el, Spurricrgatc, York. 

After a Ihort illncfs, in Sloanc-ftreet, 
KiURhLn)ru!g.\ Mr. John Gold, (ict^retary lo 



well and Bethlem in 1.772, on the death of St. George's hofpital, and to the Hy4lc-parlc 
ablerman Kennect, and governor of the Iriib truCl. 



Society, on the death of aUl:rman Alfop, in 
17*5. Mr. Crofby has left no ilTuc j but 
t%To of h!S filters are living. One of them 
wai iranied, March 17, 1771, to ciptain 
Brown, mailer of a vcffel in the Sunderland 
trade (vol. XLl. p. 19[)- Mrs. f^rookes, 
of toe Fox in Kmglbnd road, isan<y!icr. To 
tliefe two iijlcrs, and to the reprcfentarives 
ef a dere.ifed hi other and filler, we uiulcr- 
fVan>}, tlie hidk ui the .-4lJennan*> foituiie 
(■t»<*ut i;.G»'X)L be:rig given in fpciific le- 
g•ce^) i« bequca'hed, in four iKucs, by 
a will mnie \i\ 1784. His ndlivr.y as a 
Riagiftrafe, and his llriifl attendance on 
tlwvaiiety^ public ftations whch lic fill- 
ed* arc almuft proverbial. Poirclcd t.f an 
uncommon degree of p.iticnce, ir»te;;rity, 
and fagaciout penetration, few mm li:ive ever 
been better qratined to prclide at a public 
meeting; and his eminent abilities and lui'e- 
peikleni fpirit will loog b<s remen)bered to 
his hononr. His fpeecti to adnnral Keppel, 
on prefenting him with the freedom of Lon- 
don, is printed in vol. L. p. 49* He was 
buried, with grcut funeral {Min^p, on i!ie 2 1 il, 
in Chellesfield church; the funeral being .at- 
tended by all the aldermen who have palTcd 
t^e chair, the common -council of Buad- 
Areet, and his neighbour Peter Perchard, 
efc. Tiie body lay in ilate at Chatliam- 
pUce ; and ihe piTjcelfion, confiding of 10 
c«tfche8 and fix, and the empty carriages of 
fcveral of tlie mourners, was preceded by 
Che two city marfbals and by the city 



livorU- bearer, cairyini^ Ci? black (word of Rybot. 



17. After a (hort iUnefs, refpe^led by all 
his acquaintance, Mr. Holmes, hofier^ of 
Pai liament-ftreet, Nottingham. 

At the Admir.ilty, the only fon of Lord 
Allien. 

M r. Henry Hol^ attorney at law^ of Palf- 
grave pUice, Temple-bar. 

At Spccnhamland, on his way from Lon* 
(liMi to Berkeley, Rev. Dr. Anibrofe Kent, 
recior of San<1ertun, Bucks, and of heike- 
lep, CO. Si/nicrfet. 

1 3. Mrs. Heale, of Lciceftcr, mother of 
Mr. AUcrraan li. 

Aged 66, Mr.\V;ilkcr, engravei-j anartifl; 
of confiderable merit. Some account of him 
fhall he given in our next. 

At Clapham, Mrs. Pearfon, wife of Mr. 
P. folicitor, in Balinghall-ftreet. 

19. At Folkflone, Mr. Thomas Farley, 
Ih-pwright, wie of the jurats of that tou'a. 
He ierved the oiVice of mayor eight times. 

At Market Deeping, co. Lincoln, aged 
■.al'out 78, Mr. John Tliorpc. He had been 
a (choolmafter there upwards of 4* ye.irs. 

Mis. A fpinall, an elderly lady, of Newark. 

20. Dropped down dead at his b-inker'Sj 
Mr. Yvon Thomas, one of the duedlors of 
the London AfTurance. 

Mrs. Sarah Sand^srd, relidl of Rev. Dan. 
S. LL.D. of Sandford, co* Salop. 

Mr. Holbud, of Chit wick, brother to the 
late Mr. H of Drury-lanc theatre, and father 
of .Mr. Cha. H. of the Ba;h thcitrt. 

At hvr fon's bouffj in Cheapfidej Mrs, 



At 



igO GdZeiti and Gvll Promotions. — Ecchjtafttcal PnfirmiHts. [Feb. 



At Stamfordy Mr. AUcrman Hunt; of 
witich town he ferved the oiTlce uf m r/or 
ill i:SS. 

Mr. frcLmJ, ot Mark.«: Deq^ing. >re fell 
4k>wn fomc rtpps in his gr.tiiuy, whereby 
his fkull was fradhireii, and he died imme- 
diately.' 

Suddenly, Mr. Samuel Hooper, bookfcUcr, 
in High Holhom; the well k'».>un pubhftier 
of Captain Gi"ofe*s Ant* qu: ties, and other 
works. He kept a fhop fome time in the 
Strand, and afterwards in Lu<!gatc-Ili est. 

21. In Frii!ay-rtre-i, C'leapfide, Mr. Pe- 
ter Bennett, one of :iie common-council of 
Bread- Aieet w:ud. 

At Kingfwood, Buck«,a5ed io3, Mr. Ro« 
beit Williams. 

At Tottenham Ki^h-cmf?, Mr. John Guil- 
lemard, 'ormcrly an eminent iilk-wtaver in 
Spital- field?, and brother :jnd paiiner of Mr. 
Ifaac G. of the fame pu»ce. 

25. hi his houfe in Southampton-row, 
Bloorolbory, Gouli\on Brucre, ek). 

24. At hi* apartments in slure-la'ic,Tem- 
plc-har, Richard Holfoid, eU\. of llhud, bro- 
ther to the Mafterin Chancery. 

25. Mr. Richard Johnl'on^ uf Bride-Une, 
Fkec-l\rcet. 



Gazette FKoMo^toNS. 

HIS Ro}al Hishncls the Prince of Wales 
.'ippointed a colonel in the army^ by a 
comminion bearing date Nov. k;, I'i'^ii 
alfo, colonel-command.uit of the icth (or 
Prince of Wales's own) regiment of light 



i!r;»SOons. 



Kt.Hon. Alexin:'er Lord Loughhoronsh, 
appointed loul hi^h chancellor of Great Bri- 
tain, vice Lord ThurU)W, refigned. 

Rob. Grah.im, clq. of the Inner Temple, 
and John AnArullu r, elcj. of LiriC^»ln\— inn, 
appointed, by ilie Prime of Wales., attorney 
and folicitor-cci)eral to his Ru/al Highnefs, 
x'iee Erlkine «:id P'goit. 

Rev. FoUiutt Hertiert Wa'.k«r Cornwall, 
P.O. ap|H>inied dean of C.inierbury, 'vUe 
tii'ler, piomded to the fee of Exeter. 

Rev. Edward Wallby, D.D. appointed 
canon or prebendai7 of Canteibury, vice 
Buckwoith, dec. 

Tlio. Coxhcad, cfq. of Epping, co. Eflcx, 
knighted'. 

Mr. Daniel Cox, appointed chcmift to his 
Majelly at Gloucei^cr. 



worth, carpenter to St. Paul's CathedraU 
buth vice Hall, dec. 

Mr. jolui Addifon Newniant keeper of 
Ludg I'e, ete^ed keeper of the New Comp- 
ter in Gihfpur-Aroet, via Kirby, prtMnotoU 
to that of Newgate. 

Mr. John Brooke, attorney, of Birming* 
ham, elected corooer of the countjr of 
W.irwick. 

Capt. Wm. Lncker, appointed liey tenant- 
governor of Grccnwich-hofpital, %/ice Fcr- 
gufon, dec. 

Ecclesiastical Pkepermikts. 

F> hV. llw. Clapluro, B.A. Fdkirk V. 
V. CO York, vice Marfden, refigned. 

Rev. Robert Scott, M. A. Eaa Cowum V, 
CO. York. 

Rev. John Temple, M. A. Aihwicken 
cum Lefutc RR. co. Norfolk. 

Rev. Wm. Ireland, Frome-Selwood V. co. 
Somerfet, vice Rofs, bifhop of Exeter, decs 
with ttje donative of New Chuich, in 
Frome- Woodlar»d«:. 

Rev. Rob. PorteiTf, Biflicp's Wickham R, 
Effex, virt Hdl, liec. 

Rev. John Jackfon, M.A. ChtduU R. 
c.>- Stalford. 

Rev, John Jaques, M. A. Great Packing- 
ton R. buckf. 

Rev. Mr. Gerard, e*e6led Saturday 
wi(»ntidy ledurer at St. Bartholomew's^ be- 
hind the Royal i.xch«ngc, and chaplain to 
the Ironmongcj^* ulms-houfes in Ktngf- 
l.uid-ror.d. 

Rev. Jolin Prettym.-ui, Lincoln aichilea- 
coniy an«l procentorfhip, t/V* Gordon, dec. 

Rev. Tho. Zouch, Se)riughamR. in tlie 
K»rt riding of Vorkihirc, vice AUanfoii, dec. 

Rev. John Calberd, LL.B. VVhuflauton 

R. «.(). ElfrX. 

Rrv. Claries Sntton, B.D. Alberg R. co. 
Norfolk, vice Cole, dec. 

Rev. Geo. All.'rfon, .M.A. Malpas Lower 
R. in ClieQiip*, "ice Townfon, dec. 

lUv. J\dius Drake Hrockmai, Clieriton 
R . w ith Ncwingion V. near Hyilic, in Kent, 
vice Backhoufe, dec. 

Rev. Th')n as ShtrilTe, LL. B. Kirftead 
R. CO. Norfolk. 



M 



Civil Promotions. 
R. Rolf?, appointed carpenter to the 
City of London ; and Mr. Winck- 



DlSHENSATlONS. 

REV. William Focord Vfidiell, M. A, 
of Oriel college, Oxfoid, chapUm to 
Lord Crave'i, and redlor of Thixiwle»gh, co. 
Devon, m hold Lidford R. in fame county. 

Rev. Thomas I oiler Hurft, M. A. to liold 
Carl by and Braceburgh RR. co. Lincoln. 



BILL ©f MORTALITY, from 



ChiiOcned, 
Miles 857? 
Females 667 J '5M 



Buried. 
Males 
Females 






January 29 to 

and 
and 
and 



Wllcrcof have died under two years old 525 
Peck Loaf 2s. jd* 



c 
0Q 



2 

5 

TO 

ao and 
30 and 
49 and 



February 

5 lio 

67 
53 

»3f 

1S8 



JO 

20 

40 
SO 



19, 1793. 
50 anc 60 



60 and 
70 and 
80 and 
90 and 
103 



189 

x6t 

8S 

50 
7 

PRICES 



70 

So 

90 

100 



PrUis of Grain. — Theairual RegtJIar, i^i 

OF WHEAT, from the Returns ending February i6, 170}. 



1 793^] 

PRICES 

Firft Diftri^l, LnNDON» 5s. 4d. being iJ. 
left cliaii our hH re|)oit, p. 95. 

INLAND COUNTIES. 

9 Salop 
8; Hereford 
7jWorcefter 

VWjIts 
10 Berks 

6|Oxf(>rd 
lOjKucks 

i:Brec'>n 

51 Montgomery 
ii:Radnor 



Middlefex 


J. 


Surrvy 




Her^lbnl 




Bedford 




Htincingdon 




Notthampcofi 




Rutland 




LekeAer 




Notdngham 




Derby 




Stafford 





i. 

5 

5 

5 
6 

6 

5 

5 

5 
6 

6 

5 



J 

8 

4 

9 

o 

z 

10 
6 
6 

I 
II 



MARITIME COUNTIl 8. 

Diftricls, *. J. g i' Flint 6 

Flfex 5 6jPJUeiihigh 6 

Kent <; 2 8^ Anglcfea 

5 3 

5 » 



111 

{ 



SuCTex 
Suffi.lk' 
Cambridge 4 10 



3 

4 

S 
6 



Koifolk 
icoln 



Durham 
Northumh. 



! 



J Linco] 
I York 

1 

J Cumbcrl. 
I W t 

1 



ftmoii 
Lancalhirc 
Chcihire 



5 

5 
5 
5 
5 
6 

m 

:> 
5 



I Canurvoii 6 
L Merioneth 7 
r <'ai'iJlgnn 6 
1 J'tinbroke 4 
^ I Cnrnunh. 5 
LCl.nrnfM-g.ixi 7 
C Gloiitedtr 6 
ijio< Somorfet 6 
71 C Mpf-T)outh 6 
II ^ Devon 6 

Hi J Cornwall 5 
10} : C t)rtrf«< 6 



I 

3 
o* 

10' 



12 



Hants 



Total Average of England and Wales. Per bufhcl, 55. lod. Per quarter, 2I. 6f. gy, 

OATMEAL, per Boll of i4olhs. Avoirdupi)is, il. 1 rs. id. 
AVERAGE PRICE, by which Exportation and Bounty are to be reg* dated. 



It 
3 

X 

5 
9 

S 

9 

% 

I 

6 

ri 

• 
10 

X 

10 



Diftrias 


/. 


f. </. 


Diftrias 


/. s. d. 


I — 


'2 


3 7 


4 — 


1 19 9 


a — 


a 


10 


5 — 


a 1 4 


3 — 


1 


1 


4 — 


284 



Diftrid^s 

7 — 

8 — 

— 



X 6 

2 12 

» 5 



10 
II 
12 



2 
2 
2 



i. 

xo 
8 

6 



I 
10 

8 



THEATRICAL REGISTER. 



y««. Dkury (Hay-Mar ret). 
If The Pirates — Wbo's the Dupe ? 

2. The Te»ppeft — Harlequin's Invafion. 

3. The Pirates— Tit fur Tat. 

4. Douglas— The Cheats of Scupin. 

5. The Pirates— The Divorce. 

7. The Regent— -Harlequin's In afion. 

8. Bellas Stratagem — Harlequin^ Invafion. 

9. The Foundling — The Di vorce. [Supper. 

10. Madi Ado about Nothing — Ni* Soripj No 

11. Knowyourown Mind — CheaLs..f ^^..pin. 

12. The Pirates— Ti: for Tat. 

14. The Fugitive — llarle^piin's InMifi^n. 
I 5. The Pirates — Tfie Divorce, 

16. The Chances — Richard Coeur de Li^n. 

17. The School for Scimlal — The Friloner. 

18. The Heircfs— No Song No Supper. 

19. The Pnates — The Chents of Scapiu. 

21. Artixentes— The Ghoft. 

22. The Pirates — Catherine :md Pecruchio. 

23. CyiTion— The Deaf Lover. 

25. Cymon — Tl'C Gho^. 

26. [ane Shore — The Cheats of Sc.ipin. 

28. Cyro<Hi— The IJar. 

29. The Gam^fter— Tlie Divorce. 
31. Cymon — Bon Ton. 

Feb. I. Ditto — 1 he Huuiourift. 
2. TheOrccunDanghter — ViiginUnmnfk'd. 

4. The Pirates— Tit for Tat. 

5. Mourning Bride — NoSon^ No SuppsV. 
c. Cymon — The Apprentice. 

7. The Fugitive — Richaid Cocur ilc \.'\o\\. 
i. Cymon — The Firft Floor. [per. 

9. Mary Qneen of Scots — No Fong Xo Sup- 

1 1. Tl:cPiia*fS — The Cheats rifScapiti. 

12. King John — No Song Nt) Sunprr. 

14. f lie Cii^jptcr of Accidents — Tit foi Tat. 
I -. Grand Scle^ion of Sacred iViufi<:k. 
16. Kiog Leai- — The Chciii of S^c.>in. 
x8. TheSdiool for Scandal— Xnc Prifjncn 



Jun. Co vent-Garden. 

1. Columbus — Harlequin's Mufeiifn. 

2. Slie Stoops to Conqutr — Ditto. ' ' 

3. Columbus — Ditto, 

4. The RoaJ to Ruin — Ditto. 
5» Ct»!umhus — r 'to. 

7. Romeo and Juliet — Ditto. 

8. Ct»l'.imhus — Ditto. 

9. The C.iJtle of AiidaUifia— Ditto. 
? Columbus — Diito. 
I . The Road to Ruin — Ditto. 
1 Co'umbu'! — Ditto. 
4. The DiftreiVd Mother — Ditto. 
c. Co4' mb:i? — Ditfo. 

6, The Oaei»na — Hartford Bndgr. - 

7. C'»lii nhus — Hai Ifquin's Mufeum, 
?. The Road to Ruiu — Ditto. 
9. Coiirmhus — D:tto. 

21. The Orplian— Ditto. 

22. Colunihu'^ — Ditto. 
2 ^. Not :»iK-ty — i:iito. 

24. Ccilumbus — Diuo. 

25. Love in a Vill.jge — Ditto. 
2i). Columbus — Di:to. 

2*^. Ditto— Ditto. 

29. y.vcty One b.ii i.!i F.iu/t — Tlic Farmer. 
31. Di:to — Harifonl Eri.tge. 
J'eL I. Ditto— Ditto. 
2. Ditto — Harlequin's Mufcum. 

4. Notoriety — Ditt >. 

5. Kvery Que ha.s bi^ F.iult—Di'ly. 
6 Di:to — i)it:o. * 

7. Ditto — Haiiford Bndge. I 

8. Ditto— Harlequin's Mufeum. ■ 

9. Ditto— Ojit). 

1 :. Columbus — Di'to. 

II. Every One hus his Fault — D;ito. 

14. Di'.to— Ditto. 

15. Grand SelcC) ion of Sacred jVuQck. 

16. Every One has Ids Fault-^Hatlcq. MuC 





M M M M 


M 1 
>• 


M M 


DO<4 1 


»W» ^ M 1 


>• •• 1 <0 00%4 "'V 






s 












s 

t 












c 

S 
























III 


» 
* 


4 M M •» r- U< 


»vj ^ >j •*» 

^^ M »J - 








• 


J 


1 '-^ 




-4 ^ » " " 




^ 1 




5* 


— 






















-— 


— 




1 " 






1 




L 




J?- 






1 
• 




















— 




— 










ft- 

So 






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he Gentleman'^ Magazine ; 



M'tChron. 
!bUl Etcd. 

«.CIlT'l>. 



tfti J"ori«. 



Dirhj, Kinc 
LeMtt 



Nurxhimpton 
Ndrwich 1 



Sitiftorr 
Slicreld 1 



For M A 

C O N T 
rdDg. IXmSs for FcU. nnd Mar. 1793 
FtheFouni'eriKiit Jt All Soul;, O.'.ou 
■ DO Ilia Chai-Mlei' uf Dr. J'ltmrifli 
r»o(Camhri.lje— M.iliine'!Shil;l']ieare 
IDC of Bjubjii, Mil MAilagarcT Uulici 
to lut Soiij— I'he M,tlJn ol 5oiC>]iiJ 
rk( Oil a Variely of Coiiniy Hiftinie" 
ntoC Mr. Fleming and hit Di!.;^ii>lcs 
ft* fro™ HjrrinJlDTl anil Monta-.jiaa 
iphiral Nmices of Hcrildic Wiiruit 
ickiof the Sufoni for Winter 1711-} : 
S 5u, a new Method nf rnpprcllin:;. 
rniwell'i Sword -Family ol GwsIlyiD 
liilw on th« SnRbnHhire ColJrc!UMi« : 
u Ml Qnailes, wilh maoy 3p«' -oent . 
'right') beaiiiif*! Vilb it BysrV Ureen i 
knfe of /fb«.'— Epimiih m r^rincatler . 
utcfainfon on \.\m Hi]<i>r)r ci! Djrtiam 
hi on I>r Eyre snd on .^Jr. Un-.vin . 
plantednearC:3n.i:£^K. t:iniu'sH»w|[ : 
hiluitinwilhthelnple^ix'nMdGwyon. 
> MutUht Tnur ia Scutlind contiiiued : 
iraiigaictiriggtIuifiiiallvrEifhorricki : 
ibe]Iilli..*J wlih a Rqirtfi-outi 



1793- 



RCH, 

A I N I N 

104 I ASiimerfetUiireTenur! — PriefUEy's Appeal i 

l^iiEed ULiE.Frum ll^a'eV'H''i< Lincalhire , 
Hiftnr? :-iid Ti'lc^ of Ko^iin Ho id examined i. 
L:!:liudEi and l-cnEKa(klcr(ev<.'i'.d Cliuich^saiy: 
Acadc-Bical Query — KiiisfmmLaiilw.lMiJMib. 
Ur.arBgury'sLifai>(C.anDn<>ii vind^cjttd :aJi: 
Oukefif Mt>ni!iu.th'knngin)i Atrh'7v«rra3C*if ; 
Y\*a f<)i' cliR Enkunragamrnt of focJ Sirvutt iv 

S Ahp-Cr.nnierVArms— VHcdUn.Kemarkiiju' 

? Hiirrinstiin's Tlieory of Fixed Air i?:i;rtrsiej 1 ; . 

I Dr.Dndd was AuEh'-i' of the Prir,i[ilii..nliii i ^ , 

' Shnn KinCMilie Ab(ids<Tof Bi!hoji 1 .ijlur ij'. 
ieN3mc«FSTAin''roluCi'aw1--yrrrieA.itiL:ii. 

1 CullinJwi'ii'Hinai'rnfSTmeti'e-.Riiredcf.-odeJi). 

I Froceediagsof prcfeiit SctTuiii u( fjili.imcDt ii' 

■ - iewofM; - 



> lK1 



'S^ 



■nd Lone I 



It rem 



X lvnic*roii!ii — Qneriei 

■CT PoTTRV.ai^^icnlandrrnJemjSo— ■.-' 
I For.AflS'ts,DomefticOcciirTeoceT,S:c,;6; — 17; 
[ Marriiges, Deaths, Piefermi ult, sc. 179—. 
: Duly Variationiin tha Pricouflhe Scocki j 

ov for flo|)ping the Pm~:'c<s uf Fii^ti 

i; SlALII AlLM>; t^z. he. 



STLKJNUS U R B J N, 



«w 


AftMir(A>{w«/ I>f«r»i /if Febnuiy m^ Mirdi, 1793. 


tbT« 


Wind. 


Baron. 


Thwin 


SumefWutlMrlnFalnHy im* 


, 


ibriik 


»S.»o 


46 


orereaft, heaiT r«iil P. M. 




S modent* 


ifi 


44 


OYBTOift, heavy rain P. M. 




Sntoderwe 


.8„t 


4* 


while cloorf^raLD at nijte 




Simdeni* 


19 > 4 


4J 


whita diH>j!, fiir withoot fmt 




Scalm 


t6 


4> 


frod, rain u aieht 


4 


W modcnut 


40 


44 


while clwdsfnir it; aodniikt 


•J 


W c«ln 




45 


/lolt, ckar M>d Ibr., bail-ftono ami nia Uriite 


8 


S nMxlerata 




45 


ilack doudi, Ihovten 


9 


Whrilk 


If 


44 
4» 


•lack tlouAi, nin and h«U florau 
black c1cw.<s, haJi AmH nd {bowcn 


It 


NW brik 


JS 


41 


black dou.'], flipwera [niiht 




Wbrilk 


>9 


4S 


ivl.il* and black doodi, cold foftr di?, nin tt 


•1 


NW caljTi 


66 


47 


DTOTCift, raintfniibt 


>4 


S ulm 


5' 




black clau<)t, fun in ih« day, famen ar nigtx 


;i 


S modsrate 


45 


44 


blue (kr. fun, bright Olr-lisbt Dichl 


MWcabn 


73 


41 


hua. r,«i, «d pica&nE 


■7 


tulni 


94 


4' 


lr<i(\. char tkj, nin al oight 


■t 


W dim 


5* 


44 


ibcklkr. birilavandniibt 


19 


W calm 


h 


44 


shfcure Iky, fun mi pleafant 


•SlSwlm 


94 


4S 


nbrcure fty, fm and pleaiant 


• ( |S modcrit* 


80 


4S 


Dbfcur* fky, cold tufty day withoM fiw 


a* Smoderiu 


9' 


47 


Dhfcure, gbKKny dark, day, no IJm 


»j Wcdm 


»• 


49 


clear Iky, niaaU (ho atoDMo 


S4 Wawdtnu 


30,0" 


49 


fpecUeJ Iky, fun A.M. tloway P.M. 


US'.'? 


»9,6o 


5' 


Mack ckiodi, dark «n] aid, nia at artfl 


7 


46 


whkc clmdt, hir aad iloomr 


«, Shrilk 


St 


59 


daikfty, raiaP.M. 


>£ 


r- 


t.i 


J7 


clear Iky, fua and plMf!mt 



|. Attnn Bmali* at night.— 9. A 
Hi^iil with TKilant hail-florms and Oiov 
•fli^mdwEaft^^ij. Thermnmetor 
kwi fiKNtiiis aboBi out of tlieir hives.—] 
•tCheDiooii, but neiiber moon or flari 
Fall of rain llui luonthr 3 indic 

Walim, mv Livirftit, 



in Um ereninf allv T«ry baary n.11, w> 

vers of rain.— II. Pilb«tU iaUoom.— i^ SnqM 
fiood a( 39' out of doon about ess o'clock. "B* 
13. A veiy fiery boriaonufonliR. — 15. An tcfipfa 

i 5-iottit. ETaparaieoi * inCbM I'loCB*. 

J. H O L T. 



MiTEOKSLOGicAL Table for Marcfa, i793< 
HwBbt of Fahrenb«It'iThe[m»acLer. ~ leifhi of Pahienheit't 






, sew Norfolk-Strceif Simd. 



-N>-*- 



T. H E 



7»£ — 



tlemans Magazine 

i^or MARCH, 1793. 

FHE THIRD NUMBER OF VOL. LXIII. PART L 



, Lubfitid, Mareh 5. 

OUR corrtfpoDdcnt 

A. B. p* 10 fa has re- 

ouefted to know, whe- 

nker the decinoD, faid 

lately rt> have t.iken 

place, be true, by which 

the founder's kin are 

fellowfliips of AH Souls 

iL I Bill forry I cannot 

ify his enquiry. I have 

: the arthbifliop of Can- 

nfinned a decree, which 

Cornwallis had made, to 

T of ftllows to be ele£^ed 

leir relationlhip to the 

her the rifitor can claim 

prTvile)»e to alter or 

tes of the college accord - 

pleafure, as I do not he- 

bundation, and have 00 

chives of that fociety, 1 

ifcd to know ; and con- 

not prefume cither to 

fare his determinatioD. 

jtheatic document in my 

ivc to two decifions of 

iotfoD and Wake, I can 

that the prefent vifitor 

ve exercifed a power 

great characters above 

Same. The paper to 

has been tran(cribcd for 

ent of your academical 

n yours, F. H. 

s comrooiucation. (Kali a|v 

number. The two letters 

t are for the prefent more 

B enquirer's purpofe. £01 t . 



f London, Mureb 6. 
in cnqfuiry in p. 101, I 
» inform A. B. that the 
elative to the fellowlhips 
liege, Oxford, of which 
lid a^ually take place : 
rxtcDt of excludm^ tha 
Uiutei 't kittditd. 



It is now, I believe, upwards of half 
a year ffnce I was prefent at DoAort 
Commons, when this caufe came on t^ 
be heard ; I cannot therefore, at tbst 
dillance of time, promife a very accu- 
rate Oatement: bur, (hould my detail 
prcve. incorre6V, it m^y perhaps be the 
means of Simulating fome perfon,beuer 
informed, to give your correfpondent a - 
more perfpicuous and correal account* 

From the argument of the learned 
advocate it appears, that archbifliop 
Chicheley, anno 1438, obtained a grant 
from king Henry VI. for founding tha 
college of All Souls, in Oxford, and bf 
which he was alfo impowered to make 
fiatutcs and ordinances for the regula- 
tion of his foundations : that by one of 
the ordinances (made in puifuaace of 
the authority delegated to him by fuch 
grant) he dire6ked, that, in all ele£iiona 
of oerfoMs to the fellowlhips in AH 
Souls College, regard ihould be firft had 
to thofe who claimed to be of hit kin- 
dred, Ji qui tales /«/, without limita- 
tion as to time or number, or any. other 
reftri£tion whatfoevcr : that he pre- 
fcribed an oath to be taken by all the 
members of his foundation j one of the 
articles of which was, that ihe perfcti 
fo fworn *< fijoulJ abide by the (latutcs 
of Chicheley ,'* and he appointed the 
archbilbop of Canterbury, for the time 
being, vimor of bis college, and inter- 
preter of (he (latutts. 

That the co'.legc, in co)>formity witk 
the will of their founder, in all eleckiont, 
had regard to the claim of kindred, as^ 
by the llatutes they were enjoined | un-* 
til, by long cxpeiicnce, they found that 
the claims of confanguinity, and cha 
remotenefs of the period from which 
the candidates had to trace their defcent, 
rendered their lituation peculiarly irk- 
fome, infomuch as it was extremelf 
difficult to afccrtain, with any degree of 
precifion, who was mod neatly \«U\t4. 
and beft qualiBcd 10 {ucct%^\ a^^ ^ix. 



196 Foundtr^s Kiw^ State of a Dectjfon at All Souls College. [March, 



therebT. That, to obviate this difii- 
culiy, in the year 1776, they had rc- 
cnurCir to their vifiror (itrclibiflifjp Corri- 
vralii»), and reprerci^ted to him the in- 
coDveniencet they iaboured under; at 
iY)e fame time praying, that he wouid 
endeavour to apply a remedy. 

That, in conft-qucnce of this applica- 
tion, the archbilhop, as vificor ot the 
college and interpreter of the flatutet, 
iTfadt; a decree, th^t, thenceforth, the 
number of fellows to be admitted on 
claim of kindred, fliouIJ be ftmited to 
twenty jandthar, on any future vacancy, 
(twenty perfons 1 elated to the founder 
being at the time of fuch vacancy fel- 
lows of the faid colle^^e,) the college 
ihould proceed to the election, without 
paying anv regir<j to the claim of con- 
liznguinityjand uuHncklcd by any other 
re^.raint. 

That a vacancy afterwards happening 
8T a rime when twenty perfons of the 
founder's kindred were in polfelTion of 
felloovlhips in the college, a gentleman 
nor related to archbiniopChicheley,and 
agentleman claimingtobeof his kindred, 
offered themfcl/cs candidates; and that 
the college, agreeably to the regulation 
mqde by archbiihopCornwallis's decree, 
cle.Mcd the gentleman not iclated to the 

founder. 

Oo this eleftion, the validity of the 
decree was ftiA c;;lled in quelton { and 
the chancellor of the univerfiiy, wh^fc 
troviiicc it w^s to decide bttw\ctn the 
parties, g^vc h\% opinion, that the artli- 
birti'^p, in iHikuitj the decree, had ex- 
ceeded h s iiith-'iicy, and ihi^t the c<>n- 
fsngun-t U'. |>trl"n ought to have l^cn 
clccttd. 

Fiom this defiHo:! the co'Ici;c ap. 
ptaltd rf> iluir viiimr ; nnd, on thi- ap- 
iifftT, the thsn aiiomcy-ecncial (Mac- 
jn-oih), Dr. Lawicocc. rtt d fomc o:hcr 
^in.li-uKu, wci*: tngaj^td as advociites 
oil bcha.r«'f the crlltge j and the (then 
fiihci'or no'*) alt(.r:)cy general (fir 
Jf hn Scou), his brother Dr. Scoit, and 
Imne oilier jjeiHltniiMi, were advocdtes 
for tb'j re jiivc of ihz founder; who 
fcvcrd!'y p:occed«.J to adduce juch ai- 
gumttits <iS they conctived bell adc^ptcd 
to the imc'tft <.f tluir rcf'ptftive clients ; 
>inil, z^*^-'>T his ^ratc tl.c archbifli'.p oi 
Cault Imj y, rfllill.d '.^y ihe (ihtn) cii tf 
b»ron E'":. ihc n.ll cor:kaiitLo;*tr of ii.c 
j^reat |nl,jn«' Dr. Wvniic, judge of the 
CDUit it! .Icltg'iie^, ha * he;ird the aigu- 
nici^'' of couir.el on both fides, it was 
dcrir:nined, that the ar;hbi(hop*s decree 
'Aa;: vati^ \ and ii was accordingly by 



this decifioi) fufly ratified and confirmed* 
The arguments made ufe of by the 
advocates for the founder's kindred 
weut cliicdy to Ihew, that the coiic|^c 
ought to be bound by the Aatmctof 
their founder ; inafmuch ai they ivert 
feverally fworn to abide by fuch fiitutes, 
&c. And thofe adduced en behalf of 
the college may be found in Judf^e 
B'ackflone's <* Tra£^t on Confaogui- 
nity," and in '• Burn's £cclefiaftica( 
Law," title Colleges \ wherein aie 
detailed the arguments made ufe of on 
a (imilar occafion, relative t« Wiachcf- 
ter College, founded by William of 
Wykcham. 1 am, fir, your humbla 
ifii vant, J. K • • • Ht 



Mr. Urban, 



Msrcb 7, 



IN compliance with the renewed rt* 
queft of A. B. refpcAittg the late 
caufe concerning theele£^ion of a felloir 
at All Souls college in Oxford* I hare, 
with as much brevity and corrrdneft at 
I can, tranfmit to you the ftare of that 
queftion, together with us deternian* 
tion. 

The matter cama on for hearinf at 
Do£lors Commons on July a4, 17929 
before the archbiihop of Caaurbury, 
whofe alfelTors on this occafioA were 
the lord commif&oner £yie, and Sir 
Wiliam Wynne, dean ot thcA'chas. 
The cafe Hated was this. On Nov. 3^ 
1791, an eleflion took place of thrca 
fellows of All Souls college) there 
i\cic eleven candidates, four of whom 
were of founder's km i the warden and 
fellows ele^cd Edwaid Cooper» B4l* 
w;«rd Ddwkins, and John Henry New^ 
boitf the two former of kin, the latter 
not («. 

Mr. J. Whalley Mafterp one of thofe 
gcnticmen rcjirdUd, appealed to the 
archb.lbup, as *' vilitor and interpreter 
of the Qatutes," ccmplaming of the e« 
lc£lion of J. H. Newbold aa not being 
of km; aii'eriiug his own kindred*, 
and alleging that the flatutet of Chi* 
chele, the founder of the college, ex« 
preHly dirt£)ed tli.it, in elcAions^ ihe 
candidates of the blood and lineage of 
the founder Ihould principally, and be* 
flic all others, be preferred. 

The warden and feliows contended 
that iliey had lithcr ;aws befidea the fta« 
lutcs ot Chichele, of equal weighty for 
that the aichbilhops ot Cantcrouryt as 
'* co-founders," in puiluancc of autiie- 
ii:y veiled in them by the charter of 

* His kiodixd was ngt denied. 

founds* 



1793-1 FctmJer'i Kin^ Stat$ of a Decljion 0t All Souls College. I97 

■ I 

liaaadstioo and by the ftkrutes of their chcle ; and therefore approving of, aod 
fiNiBdcry had given iojuDAioos and or* ratifying, and confirming, the faid in* ' 
dtsaaces, which became part qF the ge- junAion 1 and the faid injun£lion, if va« 



Dcni laws by which they were govern- 
ed 1 that archbifhop Cornwallis, by in- 
jiuiAian, dated May ii» i777» had 
ordaisedy that, fo long as they had ten 
lellowa who had been admitted on their 



lid, concluding againft the prefent ap* 
peal ; by bis interlocutory decree, ha? ing 
the force and effeA of a definitive fen* 
tence in writing, pronounced againft thn 
prefent appeal, made and interpofed \fk 



cJaim of founder's kin, they fliouid not this behalf by John Whalley MaAert 
be bound to prefer fuch candidates as G, Bogg's party ; and confirmed the 
■udc that claim ; that, noiwitOanding le£tion already made by the laid warden 



this injunAion, they had at the laft elec 
tioB (though they felt themfelves under 
BO legal ncceflitv of attending to the 
claim of any founder's kinfman) ele£^« 
ed two out of four candidates who had 
ptcfented pedigrees of their lineage and 
confaoguinity to the founder. 

It was replied, 00 the part of Mr. 
Matter, that the chaner, or rather li- 
cenfe, of incorporation, did not, and in* 
deed could nor, give power to the vifi- 
tors to make ordinances repugnant to 
misinal itatutcs of the founder. 



and fellows uf the faid college, his th« 
faid Stevens's parties ; and difmifled then 
from all farther obfervance of judgt« 
ment in this behalf. 
An occasional Corrbspomdent» 



Mr. Urban, Match is. 

THE inimitable excellence of Mift 
Seward's letter to Mifs Williams, 
on the favage and furious proceedings 
of the French revolutiooiftsy induces 



me to tranfmit to you the following ad- 
mirable extra£ks. To the major part 
The following was the archbiihop't of your readers the fubjeft» howescr 



fentence : 

His Grace, having heard the advo- 
cates, counfel, and pro6kors, on both 
fides i and having feen and confidered 
die jpjun^oo of archbiihop Cornwall is; 
and finding, that, by the charter of in- 
corporation of this college, power is is no one who has delineated the por* 
civcn to the fuccelTors of archbiihop trait of that literary CololTus, Dr. John- \ 



different, is no lefs intereflingi and^ 
though it has been agiuted by writers 
wholie tafte and genius enable them to 
flied a peculiar lufire on every thine 
they undertake to elucidate, yoo will 
neverthclefs agree with me, that there 



Chichelc, to make (latutcs and ordi- 
Btnces for the government of this col- 
lege I snd conftrumg this power to be a 
power to make ftatutes not repugnant to 
the ftatutes of archbiihop Cbicheie, but 
Jitcumdmm ordia^ionum ftriem^ to in- 
forcc, explain, and adapt, from time to 
time, the ftatutes of the faid archbiihop 
Chichcle to the circumftances produced 
by n fluxion of time, materially a£Fe6t> 



fen, with fuch ilrength of colouring, or ' 
exhibited the leading features of his 
charaAer in fo many varied points of 
view, as the elegant and accomplilhed 
Authorcfs of Louiia. You will likewife 
be equally ft ruck with the obicrvations 
contained in the replies of Mr. Haylcy. 
Though they breathe not the fame de- 
gree of fervor I of enthufiafm I ofin- 
fpiration I wiiich charadcrize the pro- 



ing the general fcope and meaning of du£tions of Mil's S. they manifeit, in no 



the (aid ftatutes, and his foundation in 
general, in order to reconcile as far as 
nay be the whole of luch ftatutes, and 
to prefcrve the general plan of his foun- 
dation, and the integral and feparate 
parttofit, thereby to give ftabiiity to 
the whole body of the laid ftatutes and 
the whole of the faid foundation! and, 
judging this injun£kion to be a good 
execution of the faid power, and that 
the fame is a prudent and necelTary pro- 



inf trior degree, a mmd replete with 
critical acumen, ornamented . and fet 
olf with all the graces which a poUftied 
and well-regulated Imagination alono 
can give. Yours, &c. ♦ • • ♦, 

ExtrttQsfr%m Luttrs tbatpmftd betHuem 
Mifs Sewaro and Mr, Hayley, 
on Dr. Johnson, fa tbiytmr 178a. 

1. Mifs Seward /# Mr, Hayley. 

<' YOU have feen Dr. John- 



▼ifion, in re/pe^l of (he rapid locrcai'eof fon*s Lives of the Poets; they have 
thofe of the blood of the founder having excited your generous indignation j m 



a dire£t tendency to exclude the order 
of fcholars from the (aid fouadation, 
and, confequently, all probation of fel- 
lows in the laid college, contrary to the 
|Jain inunt of the laid archbiihop Chi* 



heart like Mr. Haylcy's would flirink. 
back aftooiibed to perceive a mind, (b 
enriched with the powers of Genius^ 
capable of luch cool malijgnity. Yet 
ths Gcfideman's Magstias pratfed 

chelc 



tgt Original Liiurs 9nihi CharaSer rf Dr. Johnfon. f March, 

tbefe unworthy efforts to blif^httbe laurels decry the geniuf of others will maVc 

of decided fame. O that the venom may the multitude ever flattered by feeing 

fall where it ought I that the breath of levelled rhofe fuperioritics 'which thvy 

public contempt might blow it from the have grudgin(»ly allowed, and to. give 

pcanieous wreaths it was intendtd to ten- fold credit to the abilities of the lt« 

wither! and, if it muft fall fomewhere, Teller. People fancy his judgement muft 

that it might canker his own to larefl needs be mfallible, who can prove 



pofierity. I am afraid, my dcnr Sir, 
that you will fee but little of the Ser/KM- 
/^ini in this warm anathema ; hot in 
fuch ■ caufc who would not allow a few 
terkles to ftart from the zone? I turn 
mm this Comet in Literature to its 

1. Mr. H. to Mifs S. Aug. 5. 



with fair (how of argument, that fcarct 
any Author's works are worth attention 
except his own. For ioilance, till the 
Lives of the Poets were publiflied, our 
card-playing wits were contented with 
defpifing fnch poets fters as myfelf. 
When they faid Mifs Seward's writings 
are obfcure and romantic, however I 



^ 1 hrfve indeed read the Lives of might hope they we*e a little too hard 
the Poets, with as much indignation as upon them ; yet, did I never confider 
yea can give me credit for, with a the decifion as infufTerably prefump- 
ilrange mixture of deteOation and dc- tuous—fince their" O ciertaioly f*' was 
light. When I fee hnn vilifying an vouchfafed to the powers of a Milton 
•salted and immorral pocr, 1 confider and a Pope— a Prior and a Gray— and to 
him as the 9atan of Milton curGng the all the poets whofe reputation the ap- 
Soa for ihinirig in that fphere from plaufe of fucceeding generations had 
which he is for ever excluded. But as placed a (hot above the malice of Igno- 
biabnguage, to give the devil his due. ranee. But now, under Johnfon's au* 
is freiquenily fublimc, and enrichta thority, they fet no bounds to their ^^* 
with certain diabolical graces of his ring— tfnd who can patiently hear ever/ 

(trutting jay affirm, that there is tittui 
Itren^th m the wine of the Eagle, or 
mufic in the voice of a Nightingale } 

*• Till Tiiefday laft I fsm- not fincc 
he ainved this Champion of Poetic De- 
faiiMtinn— thrft day he was my Father's 
^uelt by invitation-— and it became mj 
duty. to (htw him every civility and st- 
tention— he will not bear the flrghteft 
diircnt of o|)inion without becoming in- 
(olcnt. ] am now giown callous QL^* 
Kgrat to the injuftice of his decinoiil. 
I bore to hear him (ay Beattte's Minflrel 
\v;ii a (iuil heavy fragment, whofe Se- 
cond Rook htr cnuld never prevail upoa 
himfeifcoread — bore it without any other 
comment than, " 1 gUtlTed you would 
(ay (o." With the fame phi!ofophy and 
laboured in(ignificance he pronounced 
the Canie fen re nee upon Mafon's de- 
lightful Eoglilh Garden. Not csring, 
however, to truft mv floicifhi fo far as 
10 htar him fpcak of you, I fervently 
wifhed you tir^bi not be named through 
the day-^toi 1 fuppoled his piefump^ 
tion would carry him any length. A 
Gtnrlrman who was of the paicy aiked 
him if he had read youi Works. 1 rofe 
from my chair, intending to leave the 
room while that theme lafled*-but my' 
apron entangling in his buckle, 1 
could not dilcng^ge myfelf before F 
heard him fay, ** Hayley, Sir, is a Maa 
uf Gen. us— -but I have read nothing of 
his except his P.flay on Hil^ory."— 
" How do you like that Poem ?"— 

Indeed 



I, I continue to I.flen lo him, when- 
ever he fptjks» with ail equal ratxtuie 
of admnratinn »nd abhorrence/' 

3* Mijs S. to Mr. H. Sef^U 7. 
** Itchariiik if)c to Hud you ex]?refling 
ever Johnfon*s critical work)( tbofc ktU 
lags which have Co nuny timc& ftrui^^led 
in my bofom**— not th««t 1 have hem hi- 
rherto able to itud the whole of the 
naw volumes— but, in the p<«rtsof tlicm 
which 1 have peruled, 1 (ee niuih to 
execrate, and (ome things to admire. 
X yet dread to pcrufe them at larger, fof 
the venom of Envy c<it rodent mv pe.^cu 
when 1 fee it thrown by (o able a hutd 
upon the beautil-ul woiks, to which my 
under Aanding «i^d plcdlurcs arc lo 
largely indebted." 

4. Mifs S. 10 Mr. H. 0/7. 3. 
" immmn$ Pompojo, as Ctiurchill 
ealls him, has been in Lichfield 10 
days. I am intitnaiely acquainted with 
bis daughtcJ Mi!». Porter, \vho(e gucft 
be is ; and I have been Hccuncincd t<> 
pay my rtfpt^s to him. But my mind 
IS fore about the envy he has (hewn, 
and the real mifchief he has done, to the 
literary fame of my favourite Bards in 
his late work. And. under the influ- 
ence of an unfalhionable fincerity,* 1 
conld not prevail u|»on myfelf to pay 
my ufual homage at his (brine. De- 
votion is paid Mt chat flirine more zca- 
loiiily, mote oniverfally, than 1 ever 
remember it to. have been at any of 
in formal rifits. Se uuc it is that to 



*7^3*1 Origlml LitUrs en the CharaSfer of Dr. JohiWbn* 



Indeed ic wfis not T who afked the quef- 
tion !^" 1 like his reproof tDG»bl>on— 
I'cflceoi the rnan for it." " And is that 
•n cbai thno haft to fay ?*' muttered I 
to myfelf^-^irf to bis tar.l kept am /'«• 
^nmmt JiUncf, 

•;. Mr. H. to Mi/s S. Oa. 25. 
,•• Your account of PoMPOso dc- 
lifhtt mc— thst ooble Leviachao of Cri- 
cicirm» who lathes the troubled Waters 
into a fublime but mifchievcus florin of 
lurbulence and mud. With all his 
mightv powers, he is, I think, a very ^ 
odd fifti— but I reverence him as the 
lord of his element. Why do you nc t 
put on the anne of Serena, and fit pi* 
tiendy to hear him dilaccrate the po^ms 
of your frnrnd ? He is heanily wel- 
come to tear them as the Lion tears the 
Kid. All I have rn hope is, that he 
will not live to write my Life ; yet, if 
be (hould, my Ghoft will be appeafed, 
if it has but the happinefs of knowing 
tkaijOM ar£ the CommtMfator. 
6. Mifs S. to Mr. H. 
*' 1 am dubiousabout the epithet «9^// 
"-but aothmg can be better imigined 
than the Leviathan Hmile, being lo he- 
terogencoufly con&ruded«*at once the 
m6A liberal and moft ungenerous ; the 
moft enlightened and the mod dark 1 
the moft compalfionate and the mofl un* 
tecUogi the moll friendly and the lead 
fiscerc ; ibe beft humound »nd the moft 
acrimonious ; roe mod Toothing ^nd the 
noft abuHve; the mod i;ratefui and the 
•oft ungrateful ^ of mankind. 

"Libera'i bec^ufe his bountv, which 
is never witnheid fro'n the nccJy, has 
Wca kuown to divide his lad t^uinca 
With a being fome few degrees more 
^iftrcfled than himfclt— anU tiny at a 
time when he earned his very bread by 
ihe labours of his pen. Ungenerous, 
for that be dckeus with envy over litc- 
^y fame, as liis Lives of ilic Poti* \\i\- 
licicQtly evince. The mod cn!i>^htcncd, 
fiace bis prodigious gtnlu& and cxttnfive 
l<VBing can tnrow iuOre even uj^jn the 
{loom of his own malignity. The mod 
^k,for bis fuperOliion and bigoiry pafs 
Nief. The moll h.i)m^a!r;i>naie, becaul'e 
he weeps for the uufurtunate if their 
nuferits a rife from difeaf'e or pwvcrty, 
Ud will exert hypfelf to relieve them. 
"^htiDoft unfeeling, becaufe he laughs 
>t foirow which proceeds from any 
ether iource-*bas no mercy upon repu* 
btion o[ any lorr, and exults ovei the 
di(j{rice of* tho(e whofe religious or 
pvty principles have been different from 
iiis ow^n. The mod friendly, becaufe 
^ wili ferv^ wiiii alacrity thofe whoa 






199 

pecuniary didrefs leads to fblicit bi» 
a di dance. I'he lead fin cere, becaufe ia 
their abfence he delights to fneer tod 
render contemptible the very people 
whofe fociety he feeks— whom he cbe-, 
rilhes with tendernei's, and whofe inte* 
reds he promotes. The heft humoured^ 
becaufe to unlettered dmpticicv be it 
ever chearful!y and uniformly iodulgeac;. 
The mod acrimonious, for his invc^ives 
are frequently unproroked and bitter* 
The mod foothine, fince no man's man* 
ners are more affeflionate, while iat« 
pticit alTcnt is given to his opinions. 
The n^o'.t abufive, fince, from the in* 
d«nt that the flighted oppodtion is madci 
to any of them, he exalts his voice int* 
thunder, and *< Don't talk nonfenie," 
and *• It is falfe," and •• Sir, or Madam^. 
if you think fo, you think abfurdly," 
is the laiit'uage wTiich he iniermixe*: 
with his imperious dogmar. The moft 
grateful, for he will dedicate his iimft 
and attentions to very ftupid people^. 
from whom, or whofe families, he eycr 
received kindnetii and aindance in the 
days of his diftrels and poverty. Thu 
mod urgrotcful, becaufe he would a». 
foon ridicule the memory of his grcateft 
hcnefiAors as thofe of inditfrrent pen* 
pie — M'»en!fv thefc foibit4 into crimes, 
and t.iv'.di upon them ihe talcs of 
B.ockhead, Fool, &c. &c. &c. 

Mr. Urban, CamOria, March re, 

REFORMER, holding, p. 103, of 
S.ofcb eitucation and licerarv ca« 
icnts, dioutd have confined himfelf to 
the medical l:nc. But he names Sins* 
fon, Duncan, and MacJaurtni al(i» 
Be;i;iie, Reid, Stewart, Cambell, BUir^ 
Scr.th, l*'ei-gufbn, and Rubealbn ; thcA 
irJultir.gly demands, ** IIow mudi of 
tins praife can Alma Mater Caniabri« 
jTx claim for hrr foiis ?— Wliat I Can* 
HOC Gianta, without counting pcrfons of 
minrr note, ns Jlrael Lvobs and WiU 
liaai I.udlam, reckon a Bp. Fcarcc, Bp, 
Ntwion, Bp, Waifon, Bp. Horfley^. 
Bp. L:iw • a Jortin, Ogden, Powcl, 
liatclfv, Srukcicy, Waiini;, Rownini^ 
Cutc:i, Long, Smith, and Rutheiforth ; 
cbfciv'j the high prices of their books. 
Of the pocis I name Giay, Mafoo^. 
Suiart, Fianklin, Robert Llovd, Au- 
dcy, and H^^yiey. Even the ichoUfiic 
biutr, Dr. J'ihnfun (whofe ill manner* 
prompted him to r.iil at Cambridge 
Wiieucvsr Can tabs were prcl'cni) pre- 
ferred Ogdcn on F«ifh, for bis cmer- 
tainment during his lour to the Hr* 
brides, to all the vaunied wncers uf 
Scc'tiicd. Bui thcj have biflL^^ inca«> 



ftoO EmiftintCtntzhspdinUd6ttt.^^Mz\on^^8 Shakfpeare. [Marcb, 



ftlves in the fuB-beams, \vhich of late 
years have been peculiarly kind to the 
"jrSic hearsi A ""il^^^y »**<* partial 
Thane poured the Pa&oIu!( almoft 
entirely into North Britain; whilH num- 
beileft votaries of the prefent fuccef* 
iion ptiently ** fieh'd and look'd," yes, 
•«. figh!d and look'd again," quire fa- 
miOied and in utter defpair; yet Hlenc 
«nd Aibmiilive even to the prefent hour. 
A few only, who veered with the wind, 
and fervilely fawned on the fai'ourite, 
prevented the fhipwreck of their youth- 
ful hopes and fair pretenHons. Dif- 
coorsgement begot defpondence ; hut it 
sever generated difaflfeftton, though 
unmerited Prejudice frowned on one 
hiand, and triomphant Infult taunted on 
the other. 

But is it for Scotland to fneer at the 
nurfery of Walton, Hyde, and Caftell i 
of Tillotfon,Pcarfon, StiUinglleer. Cud- 
worth, Beverege, Poole, vVatertand, 
Cuioberland, Clarke, Pirtrick, Wollaf* 
ton, and the t%vo Sherlocks ; of Hor- 
roz, Oughtred, Seth Ward, Wilkini, 
Wallla, Briggs, Flamfled, Sanderfon, 
and Sir Ifaaci Newton i of Leiand, Sir 
Robert Cotton, Sir Henry Spelman, 
Sir Robert Twifden, Whelock, Phil- 
pot, Dr. Caius, Dr. Gale, Thomas 
Stanley, and :Sherin£ham ) of Barnes 
and Bentlev ; of WilToughby, Kay, and 
Lideri of Sir Francis W:4l(in^hani, 
Lord Burleigh, Wentworth Loid Straf- 
ford, Cary Lord Falkland, Sir Francis 
Bacon, Sir Edward Coke, Sir Wil- 
liam Temple, Oliver Cromwell; Spen- 
fer, Milton, Ben Jonfon, Cowley, 
Dryden, Waller, CIciveUnd, Nathaniel 
Lee, Sir George Etherege, Sir Samuel 
Garth, Ambrofe Philips, Oiway. and 
Prior? To crown all, the Bifhopi Cran- 
xner, Ridley, and Latimer ? 

Nor let it be imagined that thefe are 
all tbc great men that have ever been 
produced by Cambridge. France, ac- 
cording to the lift of literati fet down by 
Voltaire, in his Life of Louis XIV. 
cannot fumilh us with more than loo 
/eM perfons of eminent parts. Saint 
John's College has prefented us with 
more than half that number; the whole 
Uaiveriity has afforded us near 300, of 
whom, with their particular colleges and 
fnerita, I would, if agreeable, t&ke ano- 
ther opportunity of giving a fummaty 
accounu Yours, &c« W. 

Mr. UxBAN, Mmrcb i. 

On going lately into a bookfellcr's 
(hop in tbt Strand, I found a work 
afcdbad to 0^ in wbioh 1 hat Uo kind 



of concern, and which I have already 
public'y diirlalmed ; I mean, an edi* 
tion of ShakfpeAre publiOied bv ih« 
bookfcliers of London, in fnftnvolnmitf 
dnodtcimo. To prevent this impofitioa 
from being pra^ifcd on the pubiick fof ' 
the future, (for, an impofition undjubt- 
edly i^ is, though I am fatisfied it hal 
f)rocccdcd from ignorance, and not from . 
any intention to deceive,) or to leave 
tbofe who fhall pr^^tife it without ex- 
cufe, I fend you an ExtraCt from the 
fetond edition of *• A Letter to the 
Rev. Dr. Farmer, M<<fter of Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge, reUtive to the edi- 
tion of Shakfpeare pu!)li(bed in 1790." 
By giving it a place in' your widely -cir- 
culating Mifcelliny, vou will oblige 

Yours, &c. Edmom) Malone. ' 

'< The Bookfellers wIk> puUiHied my 
edition of Stuk.f]x:are's Works in zlkvin 
voLUAfc?, crown oAavo, liaving alfopub- 
liihed :<n edition of his Plays only, in Jf^Mi 
vo/utfifkf 1 2mo, which in ni.tny of the anmial 
London catalogues has brtrn impruperif 
afcrihed to m<;, I take this rtpportonity to 
fay, that this fmall edition is not my work. 
I am, thereforr, not intitled to its merits, 
whntcver they m;iy be, nor anfwerable for 
any of its defe^h. It is, I make no doubt, 
carefully executed; but, being intended 
merely to accommodate lu«;h perfons as wifti 
for a clieap edition of this poet, it contains 
neither my HiOory of the Sta^e, nor any of 
tlie other Dilleita'ions which accompany my 
Worky nor the Author's Poems i and, tu« 
itead of ttxe copious iiot<rs whi.h I have gi- 
vcn, (liort verbal explications are, in ge»»c- 
ral, fubjoined to the text. 

•' A flight mi(\ake in one of the notes oa 
Curiolatius having cfcaped me while I was •< 
printing my Applni>ix, in which I endea- 
voured as much as ]>oi1ible to fave the gnale 
c^itick trouble, by pomting out my ovi'n er- 
rors, thofe who are polfelfed of my edition 
of Shakfpcarcare requeued tooorreA it thus. 

<< III vol. Vlf. p. £to, is tbefolJowinKiwte x 

* Sic. Toujlew tm nmcb ^ tbat^ &C.J This 
fpeech is given in the old copy to CoroiDiia. 
It was rightly aithbuted to Siciuius by Mr. 
Theobald/ 

" This note, with the change of only one 
word, belongs in fafl to a preceding line, 
beginning with the fame perfonal pronoun^ 
to wlucli it ought to liave bsen rei^rted % 
[« Yt»u art iiki to do fitch hv/fttfs,*'] and each 
•f thefe lines beginning with Hit lame word 
was in fome meafure the caufe of the mif- 
takc. The reader is, therefore, defired to 
expung* the note above quoted, and to fub- 
Itituie the following: in its (lead : 

«• Cor. Tou mre Iiki fdoj'ucb bufimft.'] This 
fpeech is given in the old copy to Cominius. 
It was rightly attributed to Coriobnus by 
Mr. Theoteld. M4Lon£." 

Mr. 



//„//,y/-/ ///-■ r,i/' ■ ■\ii,,"vii-"y n„y.M<N/.u 



'?9j'J ^"t 'f Baubm. — Madagafc^r Leiletc — Kbig Cyrut. aoi 

Mr. Ukban, Stfil. ;. t;tt. ■ happ; life. And ytia nay be nfTureth 

THE drawingi which accmptny O C m'.vfe!, that ilii, g.ilJm fceptre i5 not 

ilii* Hti.- uki-n on the rp''[ « fe>v Ihe fccuniyif a klnE>Iom, but tlu! fiilliful 

moniht 4E->. »nd »in«d in EoeUnd fn^i^siu-" tlu traoft and Ofeft ftepnc [« 

Ite oihc. dij-! rhif neif the arr^afe- ^'"S'- J- «■ 



itnt»n ingrniouiyouniiEi 
•BdartfiiJ ' ' 



-lr. rr* 7, 



th,.il.n,i„f M...l.,..rr^r. «^n.i.eH,r. ' ii^n-1. br.f ,.f Frai.cd -c Iv fuffercd. 



: '.Hand at Mjda^ ifcir, 
• ingd. 



ii fflid. 



here preftn. y..u « ,!h .he kin^ ,.f -hi. ''''"> ■!,.,o«.-...- nt ,- , b.t ir appei,, 
pi.i df ih* ifljnd, »'h..re cM.f rcl\- '" ^^-' .''f" ^'^^ l^"" « "''"^■' ™" f"^' 
Sn«, or F»l«e, i. ai T..l<:ar. «Hi.-l. i. "'"'^ V '" V""^ f°' '^^ P""'*' 
14 nr ■; n.iitt to .he N^^.th Btft ft^.n '"'■'■.' "' t'a.i.'s. and i.icre « l.d a 
fc. AuguBin*. He i> li.l.rg in [\-ie, «■'"'- i ""d "f'-'Ji'-li ih. follo^ioj i» 
nceiiing homage. Hit lic»d m covifed '" •="'*' rtpitki.tasion. 
with ■ (lofc cap, or conl, iit biight 
fcarlcT, ivbith it, as you fti. buund 
«uh a chaplcl, nr tva-dih, oF ii,vi:le. 
HiirabcittdL'cp yellou,, iliipd. :.i.d 
drawn clofe in h<* biiriy in ^'\.k iffi\% \>j 
btini; tucked .ip and ibro.vn iniu a 
pooch bcliind hin. Ifi^ l..r:n litmi 
intW pmpnriiuneU. nnd Ms frj-uiti par- 
take more of ibi: b'lri'u^tn Lh.in ihe 
Ar.icin. The c."> }<Uaiun vf ihife 
jflandcfs it ot ■ bright ci-pper hui. nnt 
Mfi-y ennveytd on pn^f-i. Th< ciifli 
9n which ihe ihiec laiiicn nr* cmployid 
ii, 1 think, Ihe Indioi i.<.rn, uliict) 
(hey grind i.oo UW fuud wiih Acki 
■n a iTuugh, cr boi tur. P. 



Mr. UlBA«. f.<.«fiV. A,'.-r.i 8. 




XX/HAT hii liu M It L-,...i\i.in 
VV Mijefty („td 10 111. cb.idr-o 




bring* iniu my mind nhal Cmu-. I.id 


A The li.lfL-ier.~-R. Tlie ]>i|!t<.f.— . 


W hia Ii.ni before bo dull., X<:n<,- 


C. The »ir.— U. The p.g, to which 


pbgn, Hutehi.ifiifk tdiiio.i, pi 50J, 


li.c roi^ei. lixcd after the Hxe it drawn 


which may be iliuwn.ril .led t 


up; -vhich bcin^. cut by the e«cii. 


- « Yoon. OrnHfet. he \hr K-i);Jnm, 


ci'.ncf, the ale liUi wi.h gretl vvJo- 


Ibi Oals ami mffrlf (lu f. r as in me lie.) 


r.iiy, anJ a: one llrnke fttirt the head 




fri-m the body. 


aUT«f, I mjfce g'>.eri.<T oier .iie Med i, 


When ihe old LovJ Lov3t wai un- 




der lenience of dtejpiutjin in lh« 


llN(*lhinsllgiVctn]F..ui MibeeMLibiu. 


Tuner, l>..ing ii>rorni,:J there w»i a re- 


dtar I le«^c a grcjler empire and llw rums 


p(,ri tii.,t luch .-in engine ww deilg.ied 


•r a kinsJon. ; bm to yi.i. m..re b.j-p n:i» 




■ndtr»lerrn»dinif..>ni ti..i>b1e. Indt .', 


iiit;ided th<i LUntriv.iiice; for, laid lie. 


Ida nut Tee what bmiuii f ti't'.aii<ii >lu 


uitii i!.c lame JDCuUiiiy ihnt he car- 


ttn wKiK I fur, ytiu will luve e<e:yiliiii^ 


ried ^vi;!. liiin e*cn on the UifSM, 


IhK afliirdf r1ejf..r« to men. Hu;iolo^e 




thinp that -iti twnl to be at.ainet!, uid lu hr 


liontr wilt be pi.i'i'led to\lnd it out 


fbliciiovc ab<iutan»dt>pbei[i <.t .ii.ni^., and 


not K> b« Jila to eui:>y •\m-A, lliiuuiit^J by 


1,, mii\. V f r. .,i'^^ ,r „ \i' n... li - 


»netnukiiiniifiFin7i,.X|>:i»is, atimfl.int en- 


n=me of Lord Lu.a''. M.i<!:n." I 


iea^iHii- IV fiirpriie, or apiuebeifi-.u of 


baiiii; fii. ft it'i : lliefa Itiiiigl, 1 fiv. mult 


hLi«*i.hltndy..ua rr.-'^li fK^reli cf ir. 


nwK;i.ilr attend bim, whu p<>ll-eh«'i :< 


aiitprtlenied inihe printi ol .ti:ii time. 




by which v»u mil Ice thai tti^X'cll/ 


kt.iiu- ceit3iiil)f, are grea liimlr.intei W 


iGitmblct the dcfcripticD th^t bat btca 


Gent. Mac. Afdni, i7i)j. 


givca 



0.OZ DifcriptUn of the Scottifb Inftrumcnt called a Maiden* [Nf trcb. 

gi%'ea of the inichtnc, which has been bey of FurDeft, in LancaOkirc/' to be 
renrlered fo intereflin^ to our curlofi(y pubiiflied in the courfc of oext year, in 
under the name of La Guiihtifte ; ex- two rolumct 410, compared with thofe 
cept that the culprit fcems here to have for <* A new and cnmpleie Hiftory of 
been placed in a kneeling |)o(luret Cumberland," iffued bf Mr. Jollicy 
which certainly was more decent and with the fame name, dated Carlifle, 
fuirable than that aukward proftrate April, 1791, in 25 numbers of 40 pages 
pofition, in which the royal fufFerer is each; to he pubiiflied every two weeks, 
defcribed to have been executed in at one (hi'ling and one (hilling and two- 
France, pence each number ; with thofe repeated. 
It is faid too th^t the unfortunate November, 1791, under the fame names, 
Louis was a corpulent man, and, like on the fit A plan of one (killing and one 
J^oid Lovar, had likcwife a veiy fliort (hilling and /ifrr/^-pence eich number, 
neck : but I doubt whether his cruel in 30 numbers, wjtli .t iill of about 170 
judges had Co much huinanWy -"s to fiihfi risers ; and txiih ^ fourth fet of 
adopt this indrumi'iu for the piirpofc of Propofals, d:ted CHrlide, Jan. 3, 1792, 
rendering the Fital ilroke more expe- in two voUimes, 4to, in Jlx f^aris, e<«ch 
ditious and certain. 'Tis moie pro- containing 1^ (heers; the chempff^ 5s* 
bable that no one could e^fily be found each} the next, 6s. 3d.; the (upcrtine 
fu callous as to undertake the odious medium, 7s. 6.1. 1 and the fuptr- royal p 
ofRce in the ordinary way, after it had Svo, 6s. 6d. eai h p^rt, to be paid for en 
been declined, as is faid, by the com* delivery, by Wm. Hutchinfon, F.A.S. 
mon executioner. the MS. being almoft ready for prefs; 
I beg leave however, Mr. Urban, to om may ff*rm fome judgemtut af tbmJ0^k» 
obferve, that in your account of this In the Propofals of April, 1791, the 
ihocking tranfa^lion in your Migazine curs were to be executed f« tbi sm* 
f-T January, p. 85, you have reprc- tiint manner^ on wood, by 7*. Brtwrii* 
fcnted this tragical citaftrophe as at- but, in thofe of 179Z, wd leant <*tbe 
tunded by" two ilUlookins^ brutes, one publisher has engaged an experiencid 
of whom held the axe ;" which would engra^ver on the woik," without teilior 
perhaps have been more accuraf-ly ex- us his n;ime. To the Propofals of April, 
prtded by " gui(!ed the machine." If 1791, wcie fubjoined queries, and ^^r- 
you can favour us with an account of miums for anfwers, rejtrred t$ in thofc 
the real inventor of the Maiden^ or for 1792. Thofe of April, I79t, have 
CuilUtime^ you will probably fatisfy tnj»o tditions^ materially dilferent ; to 
loany of your readers, as well as one of them is fuhjoined Mr. Hutchin* 
ScKL'TATOR Vai;vic£nsis. fon*s letter, olferiiig his MS, with an 
■ ■ ■ ■ account of his plan, and correfl ct>piet 
Mr. Urban, Feb. i'^, of the monuments and infcriptions pub* 

IF the charge of petuLncc falls on liflird by Camden, Gordon, Hoifley, 

any man, it mult be on the head of and Gough, dated jfnly 7, 1791, it be* 

him who figns his name in your lift ing ftven years fmce \\z vifued the 

month, p. i9, to the illiberal attack on C'.?unty on the Ir.ll !i»'i-. iicy. 

Bp. Tanner's Cohesions ; which, if his Such, Mr. UiImh, i> the flate of the 

Loidfliip's otv* ^r&/i&/r'/ tf^r/f0ff, at the intended lliflory of Cumberland, of 

end of the Preface to his Nodtia Mo- which ** Mr. II. engages to be one of 

mttfticBt is to be believed, may b^ f.iiily the editors, to digefl rTie new materials, 

pre fumed to be M.l. \\\ ihx: VioJUian li- am! incorporate them with his own." 

brur^ nt Oxjfiiti. Sec .ill;> ins Life in You hive hi en told hy your correfpon* 

the Biograpbia Drita>in.ca\ in the new denr R. G. vol. i.Xli. p. 1105, tbu 

editidn of whi-h, I hope, it will be Mr. II. Hamis pirJ^tdf a& the fafliina- 

confidcrahly improved and enlari'^cd. able pliraCe i$, 10 complete the Hiftory 

Nor, therefore, the man who defends of Durham by ^ third volume; and of 

"Bp. Tanner's accuracy nnd ezadnefs, his fiittcry of Njrthumbcrland you have 

but he who calls it in queftion, is petu- luu a review by a correfpondent, vol. 

Jant. That 1 may not, however, be XL VII I. pp. 373, 507. I have fince 

thought fever e on tmbryo caunty-biftc- fccn a Propoial, dated December i, 

rians, I Ihull proceed to examine the 17S7, and a receipt of the fame date, 

pretenfinns and promifc': of one of them, in which he promifes to deliver a third 

From Propof<U l-y Mr. W. Hutchin- volume of Durhim gratis, and gives a 

♦on, dated 17-8, fur " A Vitw of Cum- l.li «»f plates intended for It. There ia 

bcrland, with an JixcUiUon to the Ab- no doubt Mr. H'l fubfcribcri would 

4 have 



1793»J Rmaris 9n County HlftoyUs. — Fleming's Difc9urfes» aoj 



bivc confidercJ his cafe, and chcaifullv 
^«ji/for thii tUiid v« lunie, cfpcciaily \f 
OBC 1114 V juc1;>e by liie rciidinefs with 
ikhich lubfcnhcri lo fuch ivoikt have 
fubmicud to be ma^t ^* P^J "^ advanced 
price to ochci iiiiurv. If what it here 
fuggcftcd be dcefpcd petulant, 1 am 
free to confcfs 1 do l\c!C approve fuch 
mdhodt of making comity btftortu, ei- 
ther in defcripiion or icprelcntation. 
If 1 *ere to call fuch proceedings tqui- 
«ocal, I Uiould not think I faid too 
mucli ; and 1 do hereby call rn fuch 
compilers to redeem tl.rir ^.!icK:cd faith. 
Mt chcler rifc& when I n.^,f\ ili<it the 
r&ik. does nor devolve iiito al>!er h^n^ls^ 
or that abler hands 6i} not dtci ti.Liii* 
iilves to undcrtike it. 

Such fhilitn^ tf ^louiid ci:i l*.' no 
credit to the undertakers of c:iu:'-% lti(- 
tones; and yc: this ch^iafter rtip! {., to 
more th^n one undcit«ikcr. Wiu.c^s 
the Hifterians of Someilcr, Dc\uii, niid 
Striffbrdlhire, who v\eie At I •tile -^c- 
quaicied with.tiic n.iiure of ttieir un- 
dertaking, ih.it ihey twice changed 
their plan and then Propofais. I ven- 
ture to affirm, that every iMlhxnn 
Ihould c'^nHder maturely wh^'.t he is 
about, zpd fhouid bring forward no dc- 
f]^:! till be has all his rn.i-erials duly a"- 
lan^cd. He Iknuld not deal rui Lis 
woiks by bumdrttht or by numUrs^ p.s 
if he Ihrunk fiom t!:e •.ntttprizc, or 
\v«$ dea-ing out a f-anu:-'. H'h i m .■\ 
E'^cycUjiiita, fie (l.t^ulil rut itiltii.li his 
ma'.er:?.Is, as il>c Huioii;in cf IV. r. y- 
(h'.ie Miih ail his hit.ft r.;>]>e.;rs to dd, in 
the rrHexiuns he Cdfls un a cirp.. itcd 
?iniU\sXAT\'{ Btlie\e mc, Mr. Liiu", 
the Collections of cicT-'^ii'.d Aniqu - 
lies will ever outweib!), in iniiinl-c 
merir, all that n.oi'ein coile^UtMS irukc 
fjcii d parade .tb«>ur» But rl:c. '^rund Se- 
cret ot all this is, that the fHlii:<>iKi(<(c 
ipirit of botk-maJIfinii pervade* the wh<)!c 
circle of fcience. \\ l»y cH'c li..vc wc one 
man's gigantic ni(^uaici<> K-t ki ri.ip(v»rt 
the weight of tiirtc r<<Mti:<'rn ccuiitic:, 
or an<>ther'5 that of i.w) WcrTtm (ii:ls, 
any cnc of which wojU! Imve <>cs.up!ed 
the lilc of a genuine AntHj'i.try ? \Vtiy 
clfe are we to have couni:c> duift out 
by hundred'^, which Mi.M>iti)t liiil 
lit the example ol, and, wiitin;; for 
boi^fcllers, wmie accoidin^ly } To 
what foorcc, bj! ili7.r of piotit to the 
writer or publifhtr, «ie we to atciibe 
the many lour^, journey:*, environs, 
pi^iurcfquc beauties, and the long it 
Cgetira of defciipiion and anecdote, 
which niuitipiy upoa us ? So tiiat^ iium 



the grand (ctues of rivrrs to the piAu- 
refque beauties of the New River, wc 
m^y by and by expe^ the fcencry fui- 
niihed by the banks of every canal, from 
the Duke of Bridgewatti's to Hampton- 
Gay canal, if peradventure it fucceed. 
To thift fourcc mufl be afcribed fi^itiout 
fcenery, or falCe reprefentation i of 
which iniUnres enough might be quo* 
ted in our engravingf. G« 

Mr. U K B A N , Cbtfiti nt^ Mareb 7 • 

IOhftivc a very flioii extia£t, p. S, 
itniukibiy prophetic, from Mu 
FUir.ir^'s Dikourfcs puhliHied in 1701. 
^I>)ny of your leadeis will perhaps be 
gl.ul to fee a little more full account of 
\Mi:it Mr. Fleming advanced in his in« 
tei-pii:tat:on oi' the p.iHage he was dif* 
(:oui!iii;r upon. 1 have not his book: 
h.ic a more r/ithf^d<irv intelligence 
c:^.i!'I huril-y be iiopc-d foi !;t fecond-hand 
lluin the (oiloiMiig. 

In ** il,c Hi.Moi y of the Works of 
thr Li«trnc(l, or an imp.irii.il Account 
of Uo.ks" V.:. Ml. N». lV.(wh.ch is 
the Number tui Apii. 1791), thofe Ke« 
viewers give a ioiiy account, for which 
they liope the cui:wri:\ o^ the fubjtfb^ 
and his new mcihod of handling it, 
will atoncy of 

" Difcourfcs on fcvrral Suljefli: the firft 
contnihnig a new Aici'iint of the Rife and 
Fall of rhc P;ip.»iy, h<c. (cc. fcy Kobeit 1-le- 
miup \ . D. M. London, printed for 
A. Bell, at the Hihle aiid Crui^Kcy^i in 
Coinlill, 1701." 

** luM pis-lin. i>:»ry cor.fiderations. 

I. 'J I at V.\c tliicc granj Apucaiyptiwat 
Kun:l'-M ', izto d.iyb, 4i niontlii lime nmcs 
aiul a li^tr, ;ir.-: lyiicLioiiical, an«! OiUil !>« 
interpiceil propi.elic.tUy, lo as yeai* mull 
b::ii!ulcrlVoJ by da>:., tc. 

II. TluC, in order to isndcrfland Che Pro- 
pi .etic.il years- artr.ht, tltey tntilt he i^uccd 
to Jul: in ye.-.rs. — f'lovuleiice 1.;.; fciven us 
the* ex:i«5l coni','ai:i of the Hioplieluiii year in 
the Kcvclaiuv'.s, by lixii'g the l)nchton;im 
ot tho Ltu'cc :iuni*H:i.-> ali t^e meiitiot^ed :-* 
30 tl.ws make a monih; ai^.d li ftTcli 
moi.i' % a \t.i\ i — whicli m.ikcs them (/. «. 
the 120.) ill the Pr.>i'heta:.il lockoiiing 
I c> yt ars lluiit it fuli d\ ye.ii!* : — adding the 
3 ycais a .d a l.a;f «t 360 days fer amt, 
nuLcs :2^o i^ay: ; r.vlJ.ug tl'.e liinne at 
3<'»5 davs /.» «i»;v. it a)me.^ to 1278 days. 
If AnricKiiLt iK'i'.aii hit rcij^ii in (o'^, 1260 
Julian yeai'.s adicd woiild bring us to iS66y 
as his lall peiio'l ; but deduttn g iS ycars^ 
the (tet ioil uuill k>o 1 S48." 

After t-xpl.iining the Seven Sealt^ 
Seven Trumpets, and FiiH^ Second, 
and Thiidi Yiai| he goes on. 



«04 Ac€9unt (f Mr. Fleming. — Prophecy from Harrington. [Marcfap 



" The Fourth WA pourrd upon the Sim 
denotes the w:)r5 Chat foSlowc'tl the Pe.^ce of 
Munfler, 16^8; — and the hiimlliat'on of 
feme eminent Romifli PiJtcr.tnt<;5, whn fop- 
pt)ic the papal caufc, niul p^ncipully the 
houfes of Aurtiia and Kouihon; aiwi, as 
France was ra^de ufe of to fcoich both 
branches of the i^uftiim f;m iy, fo France 
itfelf \v:i<: fccicbi^d uht:!i tl-.or kinj wa< 
forced to l-'^vc Moli^nJ uh.cli le i».d .1!.: oft 
furprized in 1672, and cfp ci.i'ly vylic.i 
ottli'scd 10 lefijn li» m>it,!» (>f h s cunqirfls by 
the Peace of Ref'v ck. The remaininj; 
part »^f thU Vi;d will come :o its hg'ielt 
pitch arv'Vi' 1717, :in.l inns out abi-ni 1704. 
Pk.rhapsthcFienc!i Moi;.ii\-'r, my ^e lumi- 
blcd a^-out tlat timer: v i-.cKja.-. !!>e piifeiiC 
French king tnkeN the S.in for hi> cirbl^m, 
and thif for his mi)tlo. iVr ihoil' ^ /';;/».;', lie 
or his fiiCCtfTrrs n>:ty b,; to? ced to a'.kium'- 
le<^ge that, i;i icfpcc>t'> hi* n'.'ij:h*'oiiiin^ Fo- 
tent.irc* , th<.y .'.1 tfi'ivul '^r^u. 1 l'rcx}»ji .ilit»a 
of t'•.i^ N'i.ii will 120 he iili 1 70,4, Hec.ulV Jifti- 
ni;in ♦•clii'fc*! Iiis nun .v.iilVv'riiy to iiivance 
tha' «)f il-e Poj^e in :.:?.; r.> wir.ch if ive a-.Id 
1260 Prophcital yt »i>, it '>nPKs u-. d.>-.vnto 
1794 *» itnd tlien t!;c 1 ou.ih.Vint '.vill end, 
ami tht ri::h comn.tucc by a tiwW moiti- 
^c.uion of ihc Paj^iviy. 

The Fifrh Vial i-oured 00 1 on the feat of 
tlic beaft d'-noreiiliej'.! 'ttrr-vtits to be p:>urcd 
out upon tlie dominions 111 t more immedi- 
ately belong to tiic; Koinan Sec : i: u i!I h?gin 
abf'ot 1794 *» and frxpiie ahoiit 
1848; ad.lrng 12C0, l'ro|ihetic.il 
^cirs to r'le year 6:- 6, v.h'.;^ t'C 
Pope iccclved tiic tiiij of fui:iC:iic 

[hec w v.- 'wy 'i 'n alK>ve from Irs 
■ ■■ — fc;,f>nd prtluirii :•. , '• It /iiii.cl.rirt 
'794 htgan his, ^z\ '{.. 203.] 

Yours, &c. W. H. 



♦55* 
1260 

i8'i 
18 



Another C<\rrcrpondc:it a«"!i!«', 

i\jr. R'jhcrt rien:i.ig {\\ tl)3 ^'CL'Ic.it'cn ff 
his volurrc of Difcourfcs to Jj..i i.turu^iuu!^ 
principal Stcrct.ir> ofSia'efni Scr-.-'.-xn-!, md 
c'»ancellor * f ihi College of Glaii^t.-A ) men- 
tions l"S being rcl.«!ed to his loivihip, ,\v.i\ 
acknow'ei'gf;s liis »)Wriga'ions for tJe oficr of 
fo confiJci.ibltt an ortict as ih;»l u{ principal 
of the Collcre of Gln^^ovv : \vhti.li \'try lio- 
nouiable .»nd hcncficid fitua^ion he Jrcliiicd, 
bcint; a DilTtnlcr from the Church of bcut- 

land. 

His EpiOoUiy Difcourfc conccrninjj tlie 
Riic and vXA of P/ipacy, (in 177 p.i^e!.), 
whence ■■'' extra^ls h .Vi ho-n n.-ide is a 
prcf.ice to tlrifc DifuHufes nn ac cd by lum 
at the OvW n«eetinr,pl;*rc in /.c'hfo'/, :it tlie 
cloftf « f I' c lart an«l the btpmni' g of the 
pri'fent centiyv. It la addi>'lud to thole 
vho c.» nipofe the Church 10 wh'ch he \%as 



the Eii?Hdi Church of LtfJen, and th» 
Scots Ciuuch in RcttfrJam, where he had 
1>een paftor ; and it is d-ited from LondMi, 
January f, 1671 : — i-x'-lufivc of his very 
learnc'l and c\n ious f.!mon« of the Api^ca- 
lyptic.1l Prcphcries, aftlrs time fo prcuharlf 
intcrcfling t'» i!i»: f|*eoi!.irive mi?id, hi^ pre* 
l»mii>nrv iyifc.)i:ife exhihirs a Irberhrv of 
ft*niinient in m.utcrs of rclij^ioa*; faiih .iMd 
doeliint; and lays vlown fuch cx.rUcnt 
ruhs forth? improvcnv.niofume, from the 
confidcra'ioii of its uor:h and value, at ca'i- 
not but uttii*c the atiii.r.r tu a very cob^pi- 
cvvni p'acft atioiig.'t the diviuesof the age ia 
wiiich he lived. 



A third Corrcfpc-idcnt refers us to 
the ** TacicAu de Paris, 178*." for 
another kiiid of Piophecy, which it 
fomsvi hat cuiious: 

" Q^»e dcvien'ra Pari.. ? Eft-cc la 

guerjc, cVce In pjlle, cft-cc la famine^ 
ci»-ce un tnrfndii». ell-c»*' nn revolution 
publupif, qui Muca-rra c«itc fupeibe ville ? 
... On, p.u»6:, phifieurs cujfes r^unies 
opeiesoiiL-elies ceite vafte deftru^on V* 



Mr. U R n A N , FrS. 8. 

TH E remarkably prophetic paflfagc, 
p. 8, reminds nir of another, e* 
qu tlly Angular, in Hiirf in^ron*s OeemKm^ 
which has nit yet been' noticed in your 
Mifc:!! tnv ; 

" L«Mik yiMi to it : whrre there is twra* 
brn;?, and lolling upon tin; bed of fickneS, it 
mil ft « \\\ in I'eAth or recovery. Thtiugh 
the peop!« nf thtt woiid. in the dregs of the 
Gothic c >ipne, be yet tnmblji!^ and tofling* 
upon the bed of fickntf-^, thcv cmnot dy, 
imi- i< tl.i.re any mcios of leco.cry for them 
b'.it byaiiciMit pnidcocp, whcntvof ncceihiy 
It niuil c;»m to p.ils thtt this «hng be heller 
known. JfKtin(.e, It.ny, :md Spiin, were 
not all Tick, ?^\ corrup e I together, ilicrc 
would 1-^ r"^:u of ihem lo; for the ficlt 
would n<>t be .ihle to wit lift. ind the foimd^ 
n)r the lound to prrfcrve tlicjr hetltti with- 
out cur in.:; of the hck. I'he firft of tlttife na- 
tions («A h:ch, if you ftay her leif*ire, will, 
in my mind be FraiiC«') that recovers th« 
he.dth of antient pro fence, (kail cenainlf 
gov-ein the vvoild. Fur what did Italy wlica 
the had it f* And as you were in that, >ou 
(hill in :hc like cafe be reduo^d tu a pro- 
vince. 1 do not fiiciik at random.*' Oetana^ 
edit. 1747, p. 203. 

This piifage Will not appeur fo extra* 



Uiift 



* Milton icenis to have borrowed 

image in Parjthic Loft, XI. 4.89: 

" J)ii c w.is the t(^/tg, deep the groans ; D»- 

i?:^^' [couch." 

x«luied as mioiftcfj particuhtily to thuieof Tended the ikk^ biiiieft^ from couch to 

orduury 



I 

V 



• 



17Q.3.] Entrap from Montaigne. 

ordinary a proof of political fiigi^city as 
at fir0 flgUt It ferms to be, uhch ii is 
rememherei), that, ar the rime wbtrn 
liarrink-'ton wioiCt Frrince wns I ut juft 
recorded fiom initfline con^motions of 
Bcaily as great virJtnce ns thoft wluch 
9\ prercnt dit^foO ihif !jnT:i!p|'y conn- 
ti V ; 111 ihr Cf'ttrff.- of .\\ h ch (as \%c)I <is 
^wwvk^ tit b'Jy Ufigut (f the prccco'in^ 
centur) ) rcpuhiiCdn piiiu'ij>it$ wt-tc as 
openly avo\^c<J as thc% n4>w are. and 
wliich migtit have p.otiircrd (rvr.ts a^ 
ariocif'iis fls tlic l:«tt <!(.i(fUI)Ii' mur<!oi- 
ifi Luma XVI. h;:d n- t tlic ling then 
<-n ttic llnoiie iffe^tcd h.s tiipap;: IrtiHi 
Paris will) git^ter lucccu ihdD hi^ un- 
fortunali- fiicrtflor. 

OU\ M'snTai^-nc, \\\ the asd (.IVav <'f 
hi» fi>t! bf.'K, Ifs ni^ny p.iil t^rs viiy 
applic«ilit« lo the Ihil rcvcpii-on :n 
Frjncc, SiD'.l m.tiiy (rn ihe d.m^^ci t:f in- 
novation, utjich mii'hc be leaf' uabiy 
re-|;i«ntid nt the pit!' nt junftiirc ((«rc 
paiticuUrU p. 157—1^12, tdit. A^lrt^r- 
d4ni, 17S1). That ih- Nillf'Wirip rib- 
iervAiton has l>ecn rem at kali! v conhr- 
fneJ» ihnft wl.o rtttjl|t<^» il^c *jtc of 
M M. de U Roch^touca' Ic, F^yerte, 
Ltaocourt, thewncihLd Duke ot 0«- 
Icans^ &c. &c. will not h«.i) 4ii. t(< hJhiik^ 

" Ce\iX, quiTdonnent le brnxile a 1111 eAirf, 
fiiot voK>Mlier> le«^ premitrr. abu.'ibcz en la 
raine. I.c fnii^Jt On iH.iPvt nc . .fmcure 
gurre a crlm q;« I'a cirr- ; il hat U. 
brouiMe I'c.su poi.r i'\.iitrc«: p ictituii." Ei- 
Caif de N!orc.>igne, vol. 1. p. 1 59. 

p. 3c. 1> not ••ch^nccijt" m^fl htn 
for ** citanicrif ,*' i.c. Lx.Axwxy * 1'he 
letrers c and / aic fo very liniiiiir in o!i! 
wiii.rg^, th 't it IS in 1* file c^fcfc Hulo- 
]ute!> injpf fiib'e 10 d;itin;:utlh liven . 

P, 3-1. The fame not«. u. that \VM- 
iiam if*t' Ni>rinan 6\<S n<>t /:«jvy,v<r Mw^- 
land, IS entcrt'titicil bv Sir VV'ii'iani 
IjlackftofiC s who (ayt ^Ccninenrn. b. 
2> c. 15;, that the n:kn)c iOM^uaJicr m 
)ittr>bu:^d to tliat p'lnLe <>iiiv m the 
feud.'il (enfc ivf conqu^Jiio (fHriilor to tl'e 
purchatt of our coii.ifoii lawyer^i as 
cppoicil to dfjitni)^ winch dtnotcs any 
ITiear.:» ot a«.qutring an tiV.ic c^cC c^ the 
coniiMuri com It of inl-tiitcincc'. It is 
cciiain that the word lOrgmrcr had 
f.>ioeiiinLft this quaiihtd n«;nincatiOr, as 
in Piers I'lou^hniiiO, hk,ii. F f i : 

** Child uiih his cTuiXe cm^Locr o( Chrif- 
teuiionie" 

And that the Norman received his ap- 
peiiation froiiv Ins obtaioinj; the c:own, 
as puritsjir under the will of the Con. 
fcltufi wguid Iciin to be coQUiined by 



the eximple of Edric (Gougli't C^m 
dm. vol. I. p. a':9), \^t\o was cn^'ei 
Sireon, i c. aeqni/ihr, from 3 P.m. la 
ciictjn>fl-incc, u le it not tiai the con 
tempora v hiO^ i:ai> ^^f the hil) C'ufadi 
(apiid M tbili 1) MutKLim It licum 
v«il. I. p^rs 2, p. 13., & alit)i) l^ay 
r*ylrs oui m« narch (iulu mirj Expu((um 
t'.-r & Hfx An^hrum. N '^v I •f>,<rc 
liLi.d th tt rh-^ uoid tx^u^ttu'or c\\ 
t>eru no other mc.ii ini; thin 1) h' •! rj-^vi- 
qii«for, in its Tcnfe i \ *v:iior, \* \ 
trulv vord-rfui (if any Jitn ' car bt fi 
fro:"ri fdvvnin^ Ci;urriers or h''i ^e-<'e4 
J iriizai.''). iha: ih:< vcca. cr'ficifn 
l}j<'uld h vc htcn »n 4<!c b' H» Af oni 
of the jzr u.iHs toi jamts W^ iIa«ii.s u 
aibitiaiv p.)v\Lr, and that ir (1-: i. Id hpv« 

been |r:r'4ldtd v\ Itil APV thlH:' ••d: ilitD 

conrt-iT-pr hv hi» anjjiy .wi u»Us,i?.l an 

P ;3 Lii<ll«»\vN iT;(»tfo (whicri I a( 
V j»\f i»f,Kii*i (;(l in tilt ::i.|f- 'jntn ti 
ir by -.our t(»rrc(| on.I; :•) jicii.-i to b< 
tal^cn fr«Hn f(n»cp.»^i j 1 iJjt.uld s-c fl.ii 
t'> know ffoiTi \» i'l :i.. It; '< it:nitht i 
cxi^iv .'ike :h-.T ' : Tlii'wdjrics (-n thi 
funt'^I o, Hon ui P«.ri<:'c-, 11 Ji l:b. a 
Crij> xi'.) ; Arl^a:y iTipa»&y 99,90. 79 
tsk^'i.* NuGA10R« 

I 

Mr. Ursan. ftb, 6. 

YOUR i:jcti":.n:s coire^porden 
rp.Rn. Sta:.llY hiviii^ i..iicon' 
tinned tM> Bioy'i.-'j/^i-cai Litt v.\ Htialdii 
Wrrcrs, I, leml w.iu,_bv u.:- or Sup 
I ciM-r>t u) his .qc-(i<uiir, a tew 1^ ^ i t no 
t:i.es rn.it.ie to i>iiiie aulhi-r:* uh« ni h( 
h '% lior nienuoned. in this Ct .-logue 
indctil, 1 iT««\'.- not Cor.tincd nis i.lf eii' 
liftly I' the Ir.tMce of i'iia/oii. but havi 
ini.v.ocd leveiai \vj<ctis i>ii rr i Pcciagi 
and Knit'luhwod i fubju^/. j 01. doubted! j 
v.ilh-.n the pii'vi: cc 'Jt tt.t r itioiirfn o 
1-j'jialdiy. Wiiai 1 ha\e to con niuni 
Cite Will c^«Uii^ of vciv little bclidi 
iinines, date*, and rc^emuts; aiid wil 
be bfou^iit down only Xo (• e bc^i'niunj 
of the piticni cci.iui). Kut thctc niie 
and Hilt iv fk("«.tK'k mav pollil)iv be tm 
iTiCHii" !•.♦ ;'U|r vin^ ion c ctrcuoiltHricd 
uhich n\f.s h.ij'.* «.K'<4|c the 1 dotuy o 
^ji. lJ«.l.nva\, li.e l| te<fy ,uL.lti.iiKi 
ot ulioie .'Oik 1 riir l>a| py i«> lee an 
nounCcd in the i.cv\> japn^ Mv cmI 
lcCi.('it>, lucti 'A\i ihiy aie, ilu>u:d luv 
bviii iianiiiiiitc.d ioi^g a^'^'» M^- Liuan 
hid I not been in mom hi y liope aij( 
expcCi^tion k[ iit.nj^ Ali. bi.rncy rC' 
iuiiie hik cuiuus ard <«n ulim (Uteti.i. 

Yours, &i. n. IP. 



lo6 Bltgraphkal Natlces ofewinent HtraUi^ lyriitns, ' [Marcb* 

Nuh^lai Upfn it the moft ancient of the who7e art of Heraldry. Bidiop 

author of our nation whofe works on Tanntr, in hit Biiltoibgea^ favs the 

ihe fubjefl of Heraldry are now extant, fame things and addt, *' floruit circa 

His book was firft primed in Englifliy A.D. 1450." The p:iflr<ige of Legb, 

at Weft mind er, 1496, by Wynkyn de thus rcffrrrid to, is in his Picface, or 

Worde (Ames's Typogr. Annq. orig. rqihtr Dedication, to the Inns of 

edit. p. 85). This is not in the Bod Cou^^ bpeaking of *' auncicnt here* 

Ician library, nor have [ ever been able haughtes/'he fays, "of which fort 1 will 

to meet with ittlfewhere. In i6f4 was (hewe fo many as 1 have HUfhorized 

publiflted, in one volume folio, ** Ni- this pamphilet bv. And thefe are of 

colai Uptoni dc Studio Militari, Lib 4; number IX. as foilowen : 1. Nicholas 

Johannis de Bailo-auico Tra^atus dc Uptcn« dcf'cribed blafonne; a. Nicholas 

Armis, cum Ffancilc© dc Fuvctsi & Wardc, wrote uf the whole woork," &r. 

Henrici Spelni.inni Afpiit'gi.i. Notis The other fevennieall rorci|j[neis, ex* 

iiluflravit E^loaidus B.iVaeus." Concer- cept, perhaps, Fraunces of Fora. 

nirtfr the rcfpeJlive authors of thefc Juhana Barnts. In 1496, Wynkya 

three trearires, the editor U^i givtn us dc Woide reprinted, in fmall folio, a 

ii>int; inf»ini.iiu.n in ri Piefiicc. Ot* I'p- b-:ok coiniiionly Cr^lled ** The Gcu- 

trn wc aie told, that Jr. Ins yo\!rh ^^•'. tltni;u: s Acidcm*.." or, •* Book of 

was a jToldier, a-'.d 7n ^ucridun; on riio St. Aibin'.^," 111 which town it was 

mas de M<iniai utc, LaiI ot-Sjium, who oriuiii.illy printed with hit old malter 

xv:i!^ killed at O leans in 1420. (.^n the C':ixL(iii\ typts, in 1486. Both thefe 

Erul'i death, Huniphrey Duke oF Giou- beconnng txtremcly Icarce, another 

cufter patronized our auii.or, who ha- was puDliditd in i;<)^ by G. M. fuppo* 

ving, by thai Princess ntri'uarion, taken fed to be Gcrvafe MAikham. Thi* cu- 

hoiy orders, wa» made Cdnon of Wells lious work contains trails on hunting, 

and Sarum, and prtcc:u(>r of ilie tautr ha\>king, and hfliinp, and two on He- 

caihcdra!. In 145^1 he was cmp'oycd raldry. In one '* is determined of tl»a 

by thrit church to folicit die cdMon:za- Lynagc of Cote Armuris)*' and the 

tioo of their BifiiopOi'mund i for which other is intituled, ** Of the Blafynge of 

pu»po(e he was obliged to take a joui- Arincs.'' It is to be rcmaiked, fays 

ncy to Rome to wait on Pope Nicholas IMr. Baliaid, that the Blafynge of 

v.; but before the bufinefs wa^ fipifiied Aimc.<:, which is not in C<ixton's cdi- 

Upton was recalled, and probabiy died tion, ciirifiHs in uotliing but abftraAs 

loon after. Bysibe fuppofts him to have (mm the fourth book of Upton. This 

been the author of the other tra6\ in this trafl is in Latin, French, and Kngtilh , 

publication, which goes under the evi- which explains what Gorv means by 

denily h&tiiioos name of Joannes de (^^virvi:. a% he does in his Catalogue, that 

Bado-aureo. Bifliop Tanner telU us, W de Worde ** armorum primus aitcm 

from Wood's MSS, that Upton was of protuhr, & ternis linguis illuflravit." 

an anticnt DevonOiire or S«Mnerretniite Mr. (rorc fecms nor to have known any 

family, that he was fellow of New Col- thing of CixtonS publication. G. M's 

lege, and graduated in civil law; that edition of the Book of St. Alban*s, bat 

he was btneiiccd in the diocefc of Bath nLiiher of the earlier ones, is in the 

and Wells; and th-it he died in 1457. Bodleian. This literary olio, though 

(Biblictiiec.i Britannico-Hibcrn. ike, p. treating of fubje6)s fo decidedly: mafcu* 

742). Upton's work is undoubtedly line, was nevcrthelcfs the produAion of 

iureiifting on account of the a^e in a lady, and that lady a monadic, ycle* 

which it was written; hut it fceiiis to pLd Jui>an$, or Juliana, Berners,Bcrnca, 

contain much irreicv.inc matter, and or Baiiies. Slic was pnorcfs of the 

inaiiv tiifiing conceits, though, as 1 nunnery of Sopwci), near St. Albau's, 

have never turned it over but m a cur- and was alfu by birrh a perfon of couft* 

i'nry manner, i am by uo means qa&li- derable tank and quality, being daugh* 

fiLi! 10 xlccide on us metit«. ter of Sir J:imes Bcrneri, of Berners* 

SuhQiai Wardei writings are moll RodiuL;, in Kile x, and ftfier to Richard 

probably not new in being, either in Loid Berners. Dame Juliana is Ayled 

^IS. or in print} and that they weie by Pits, *' virago przclaris naturae do* 

never printed is alfo highly probable, tibus imbuta, Muiervam tludiis, Dia- 

from the fiience of Ames concerning nam vcnationibus imirati,*' &c. A fi- 

thcm. G<i:e tells us, in h.s Catalogue, ntilar ch.ir.titTer is bellowed on our ht< 



(hat oi^e Nic. Whtuc is ineuticncd in roic authore!» by Ijalc; and (he is like* 
Cur. Lcgb's Picfacc, as h.iviog wiuieu wlIc highly cxioilcU by other old writers. 

la 



>793*1 Cbrmclis 9/ the Seajons for tbi irtntir 1791-3. soy 



la the Biogropbim Briiammra, art. Cax- 
too, note L, a full aud particular ac- 
cooBt is giren of her book. See alfo 
WartMi's Hiflory of En^lifh P<x:rry, 
- vol. II. pp. 191,172; B;iilard's Me- 
moir! of Ladies; Amcu's Typogra- 
phical Aociquities; Hawkins's Life of 
laaak Waltoo j and a note in Ht-arne's 
Preface to Hcmingford's Chronicle. 
(To hi coHtinutd,) 

The Chronicles op the Seasons^ 
Winter, 1792-3* 

March 19. 

OPEN .weather may be Paid to have 
prevailed throughout the winter, 
lor the interruptions of froft u ere too 
flight and too (hort to be p.uticularly 
noticeable. Farenheit's thermometer 
(out of doors in the (hade) was but 
twice below 30' in the day tiint:;.ice 
never remained entire th'ce d.^ys tot^e- 
thcr, and but one opportunity (Jin. 21.) 
occurred of houfmg any. The prog- 
noftications therefore of a froRy (nowy 
winter, that werediawn from the abun- 
dance of haws, and from the flying vi- 
£ts of Tea- gulls, fland confuted ^ yet, 
perhaps, the apgearancc of the guih 60 
miles inland forefliewcd the (lorminefs 
of the feafon. A fuppofition of the 
Ancients has alfo been difproved : they 
deemed flormy weather inimical to the 
ktngiiAers; yet in the months of Ja- 
nuary and February I faw a greater 
number of thofe birds than I ever 'lid 
befoge, though for fomc years b.^ck 
they have bctn Icfs frequently leen here 
than formerly. Herons alfo appeared 
feveral in company at a time ; but 
fieldfares were fcarce; and fmalt birds 
in general did not afTemble in fuch 
coniiderable flocks as they did in the 
foregoing winter. 

On the 2 2d of Dec. we were viHied 
by a furious hurric:ine from the weli. 
accompanied with driving fhccts of 
rain and fleet. During the rem.iindcr 
of that month, the weather w^s much 
the fame as in the preceding parr, with 
the exception, that Chrillmas-HTy was 
diftinguillied by its natural ch.4i:ir\'jr!l1:ic 
ihow, the only fnow that re.'clicd tlic 
ground falling on that day, and di(- 
folving before night. The dcHcicrcy 
of foow, combined tvith the aqueous 
coldnefs of the cirth, llarved t!io wii^-ir, 
and io many inflances rendeifd vcrrr. 
tation back warder th<in it w.i<i If-^ y-.:.'-, 
Dotwiihflandibg the fupeiior miljin-iis 
of the ftaiuD. Vet it i^ to be. obicrvti:, 



that the indigenous plants that had pre- 
maturely blown in autumn* continued 
flo%vering till the regular epanoviflii- 
ment commenced. 



Joylefs iKnvy 



The morning fun fcarce feen, and cloudei 

eve, 
Ko genial influence Iheds noon eclipsV. 

Uunlis. 

Thefe lines, deflgned to be defcrip- 
tivc of the month of December only, 
are flriflly applicable to almoft the 
whole of the ye<ir 17^1, wb<ch will 
probably be denominated the wet year, 
till another, equally entitled to the fame 
dcfcription, comes; and perhaps poets, 
aflrologers, and enthuiiafls, will draw 
an analogy between the gi>omv ap^ 
pearancc worn in it by the atmotphere 
and the terrific lltuation of human af* 
fiir^, and will compare the natural 
florms with the political. It feemed 
extiQordinary, that, in a year fo dark, 
wet, and cold, butterflies and moths 
fhould abound, as they did, both in 
number and viriciy. Befldes the cab* 
ba<»e-b.ittcrftics, the fm.i!l blue foit 
was numerous } alio the brown and 
yellow fmall fwallow.tailed, and fonoc 
others of great beauty. It was wonder* 
ful to obferve n i:h what cafe and cele- 
rity rlic lirtlc moths pei formed volitioa 
in the thick November fog, c'»ntrar|r 
to their habit, flaying abroad during the 
continuance of it. ail'day, and Teeming 
to enjoy themfelves in it greatly. How 
thefe two kinds of inre6ls efcape embar* 
rafment in humid weather is inconcei- 
vable, without we fuppofc them fur- 
Riflied with an oily fluid flmilar to that 
emitted by the f^nat when in its middle 
llite, and which indeed the gnat moft 
probably poflcfl'es in its laft flate, as we 
fee this infefA in a fog equally adtifc 
with the morh. 

Chen y plumb trees were not defo* 
li.it-;d till no if Chriftmas, and fomc 
leaves q'jivefed cm the weeping-willows 
ii'I :he bcg-.nnii.^ of il.e new year. So 
f!)OTta tunc wvis the i iii-namtd tree in a 
iVire o!" abljluio dcn-jdity, that ex* 
pand«:<? Ic?.vcg rigain j>iaced its fpray on 
rl!t i3:h d Alarch, when no other de- 
(.iduo'.b tree or (liiub whatever had a 
leaf, <*xccp: tlic ooofcberry, which had 
began foliating :)n the 9th of February. 
The corni:' bloiromcd on Feb. 13, and 
the a^'ficot on March 5. 



* Vol. LiXU'p. H75. 



The 



5b8 Chrmichs of the Seafons fir the Tf^nter 1792-3. [March; 



» The extraordinary verdure which the 
futnmcr rains hid given to the ever- 
greens continued undi.ninlbcd through 
•the winter, nnd the honevfwckles of 
that cl.ifs never ctalVd flowrring. 
Lauruflines pci turned the hvenialian 
bldftsy and the knec-h«illy exhibited its 
fmgularly placrd flowers on ChriOm«s- 
day. This fli ub comes fo little under 
obfervation, that vcrv few people know 
that it< bioflTonis protrude ihcmlclvet 
from the midribs of the leaves, on the 
upper fides. The box poiU£ted its 
feeds kindly, and the Norway firs and 
Scorch pines had many cones. The 
plain hollies weie berried profufety, but 
were foon dripped by the mice, which 
snimali, as well as rats, were more than 
ufually numerous. The mile yew 
fiowered near the end of February, 
Without any hefuAiion whatever, Mr. 
Gilpin ftyles the ytw *«a pure native of 
Britain," and inclines Orongly towards 
giving it pre-eminence above the 
mighty cedar of Lebrfuon ♦. I think 
vritbjuftice. To cdrroborare what has 
been advanced by Mr. Ur ban's corrc» 
fpondenis W. T. and T. C. f con- 
cerning the native fituation of the yew, 
I mud digrefs to remark, that I lome 
time fince faw fome riven trees of rliat 
fpecies growing on a chalky declivity 
near Peiersfield, that I am fitisficd niuft 
be the fpomancous piodu6l of iht (pot j 
fincc no utility could cvci have been 
expert i fiom fctiioii i^cm there, lup- 
polin^ that human ftwt c<itld ever have 
had footing upon the Uckp. 1 cannot 
iorbcar adtliiw, that 1 wii'ji ti.o inge- 
nious Mr. Mrilcolm wouJd alwtys prc- 
fcrvc the rtlcmblancc cf the yews that 
he i'cei grow.t'.'^ near the ciuiches lie 
delipu:atts; for as vet there are few 
church-yards but what have their yew- 
trees. 

The difpofition to humidity which 
narked the old year ex'endcd to the 
new, at leaft to the beginning of ir, as 
January opened wuh lamy, fi)jigy, raw, 
weatljcr. On the E|)>pl;any, the baro- 
meter and theiinoincicr jolc together; 
a circumflance unfrcquent in winter. 
The former hurried up to 30' — i — 10, 
and fljortly after fe.l ilucc degrees 
at once, when a heavy defccnt c»f rm 
deluged the earth, which \\ as followed 
for Icvtral weeks hy frequent repeti- 
tions. Thefe rains drenched the earth, 

J. . - - I -I m^ -» ■■ - ■ ■ 

* Foreft Scenery, voL 1. pp. 92- 94. 

f V0I.LXU. p. ii03.a»d Vol.LXlII. 

p. lOI* 



and made the rivers overflow, whilfi 
in its turn every wind in heaven raved. 
The fh rove tide of this year wis it re- 
markable for wind as the laft was for 
frof^, but the wind wns very aceeptablCy 
putrid dif'orders OiM prevailing, and the 
ground fo wet that rite operations of 
agriculture could not b« performed. 
Things continued in this fiate till the 
middle of February, when the winds 
fubfidcd, the ground b«came fit for 
bean-fetting, vegetation came on, the 
fojir rays giew powerful, and the bees 
turned out, though fome mornings weire 
very froliy, and fome days fliowery. 
March entered roaring; truly like « 
lion : on the firfl and fecon^ days the 
wind floimed mofl tremtndoufly, and 
bluftrous weather fet in, greatly how- 
ever to our advantage, in tegard to. pu- 
rifying the air and drying the earth* 

Whether the old ttugs died in the 
autumn^ I cannot fay, but none were 
fecn in the winter : the young and 
their davaiUtioos were bur to0 plainly 
vifible: though few of them were an 
inch long, their voracioufoefs wa« ia« 
credible, and unfortunately the deli- 
cacy of their tafle led them to attack 
the peafe and cauliflowers in particular, 
whole crops of which have been de« 
ft roved by them repeatedly. There it 
but one way of extirpating tbeiDy and 
that is by laying wooden planks, cab- 
bage-leaves, or tiles, near the lows of 
p'-afe and caul'Bovvcrs, pl.'icmg them fo 
that they may he holluw enough to ad- 
mit the flags to trawl under ihcm, 
which tliey will do at day-break, after 
h.iv:ng i^iulloniztd on the crops. Vific 
thcfc traps the fnil th.ng in a morning, 
and cut t)ic niauriaudeis quite ihron^h 
with a (harp knife. Upon a board 
5 feet long and one foot broad, I have 
iound fro(n 7 to 150 in a morning i 
^'ou\ithl< iRiiing thefe animala. fo 
abound, I never have had the gratifi* 
cation of feeing one deiccnd from a 
bouuh through the air, by a thread, id 
the manner delcribcd in the Linneaa 
Tranfaciions by Dr. 3havv and Mr* 
Hoy j a tight that mud be truly curious. 

Lord, who hath praifc enough, nay, wh» 

ti.uh any ? 
None can exprefs thy worits, but he that 

knows lliem ; 
And none can knonr thy wrrks, they are 

fo many, 
And fo conipleie, but only he tliat owei 

•Item. 

A SoilTHIRIfFAL' Nisr. 



iSt^itvJUir^/J^Ji 




JITJokn Jiiadf nuA^d t^^j'Wppinff Ae pregrtjif -ef Tv^ on A 



\.K.rhg Tbpj- of die Pip^.r fn if/iich ifu l^rfr.t.C £ .art lixed a ^ 

Uuf .rtrcani tf f/it ptui tm Fire : ' 

R.Q.f4t.re^ te secure Ok -Fipej /Hissiiu) diiv' t^e Pgcks tTCm uyury. 





i 793 3 Stopping Vrogrtfs of Fires at Jrfl.-;— Cromwell^s Sword* 209 

Explanation o^ a ^ew inven- pcarance of hnving been the property oP 

TiON^ FOR sioppiNO THE PRO- Oliver Ciomwcll ; orwheiher it is atall 

OR ESS OP FIRE ON BOAR.D OP known to tliofe who hftve made the 

SHIPS, BY Mr. John Read op greateft enquiries after what belonged 

Woolwich. to that family. If there is no other ac- 

FROM the great confuHoa occa- count of it, accept of the following im- 

Honed by the all rm of fire on board perfect one, if woitli your iurcrtion, 

a (hip, with the difficulty often of af* from your confmnt reader^ H. J. 

certaioing the precife fpot where it it, It is from hilt, to point 2 j| inches long, 

it appeaif almoft impoiflble to devife the handle 5 inches long. The bUde is 

any means to prevent the progrcfs of a inches broad : there is a date on it 

fuch an accident when once it hat got lengthways on both fides oppofice each 

*"^u I ^ • .u.r . ^c other, thus, '^^^J^; between the date 
The on! V means that feem to promife ' ' 1652' 

fucccfs is, to convey water to any pait ;)nd the hilt on the ri):ht Hde acrofs the 
of the fliip according to the fuliowing blade are, in C'tpital letters, SPES mea. 
method :-— To place Qrong pipfs £8T DEO{ next the etiigies of a half- 
throuf^h the decks, clofe to the Hdes lengtk figure, fcethingly with flowing 
df the vefleh-^hofe going to the hold hair, and round it an infcription, 
muft be cafed, to prevent their being Oliver cromweLl pao pa&liam 
dai>aged by moving flores between the general } next, acrolt the blade, 
dicks. Thefe may be fo diftribuied> vincerb aut mori; and, between 
that every part between tiie decks may that and the hilt, the effigies of a war- 
be within chc reach of a Aream of water rior on borfeback. 
iflTuing frotB them. The magatine and On the left fide of the blade, next the 
place where fptriu and inflamm3hle date, SOLI DEo gLoriai iheie a 
ilorea arc kept ought to have the greareft fimilar effigies to that oii the right fide, 
auinber of pipes about them, tu pi event with the fime infcription round it; 
the fire teaching thofe parts. then, acrofs the blade, fide, seu cut 

Streams of water to the part on fire vidb ; then to the hilt a limilar effigies 

liiay bediredcd by a lever fixed on the of a warrior on hnrfeback. The hilt 

top of the pipe, the end of which cor- and guard are of fteel, gilt with g^'d, 

rclpondingwith the aperture beiovv, the the handle of Ihagreen with hlver 

lame vertical plane will pals through the threads round it, one of which only rc- 

ievei- and the (Iream. mains at p.tfent. The gilding is partly 

Small engines, fuch as thofe ufed for ofi# being corroded with rufl, whicfi 

wattring gardens, will be luflficient for has alfo confiderably atfe6tcd the blade, 
the purpofe. Two men only will be re* It was long in the poliel!ion of the 

C|uircd for the fervice of each pipe, one family of the VVhitmores,or ThirOallon, 

to fupply ir, and the other to dire£l the in Wirral, Cb^ffiire. How it came inio 

JUream. JOHN READ. that family I know not ; but it fccntv 

i(9yai Miiitary RifBfitoryt Wo§l*wicb, that it was hif^hty prized by chem, as 

' ^ the lall Joicph IVhiiinore, Eii4. is fdid 

Mr. UaBAN, Hanvaniffif Jaiif 3* to have rcfufcd fafiy guineas for tr from 

"T DO nm know whether any of your a gtntlcman in London, who wilhed to 

-^ CorrefpMiidenrs have lent you intur- have it to be dipuliied in I'ome public 

xnation ot a Sword + which has the iip- mufeum. 

— ""—-: : ■; — - 1^ »> now in the ponellion and the 



P.cmi.in.; ;.iid to him ii muft ever be a ^"^^ formcily of Brcwei's Hall near 

«r.iiif>.iig irHeaion, that he has contributed ^'^dtcr. He was (on ol J^hn Wright, 

s means to prcfcrve fearaen fiom one of (tie ^'4- "^ Brewer's Hdll, and married to 

moft dreadful calaniitits attending Navi- l>«* ^^ft wife, Mary, the fifth d.iug liter 

gallon.. Edit. of the above Jole}'h V/hitmorc, Efq. 

t I do not know whether I call it pro- ^^^o by his hd will left it to his (on- 

perty ; or i: is a cullaf* or hiingeri but, Jn-law, John Ignatius Wright, Eiq. on 

from the nnnezed (ketch of it, /'P/d/t //./> £.y account of the relationlh:p ^hich his 

you will be able to fay what is the proper mother, Mary, daughter of Sir Julm 

Jjimcit ihould be called by. Gwillym, of Hartflicaih near Mold, 

GfcNT. Mag. Mank, 1793, %^a; 



no Tbi Gwillyms.— Fcildc's StafFordfliirc Cottialont. [March, 

was fuppofed to bear to the famvy of public, I have never been able ro drfco* 



Oliver Cromwell, 

The family of the Whitmorci, of 
Thirftafton, I can give no account of. 
But the f-niily of the Wrights came 
orii^inallv from Yorkfliire, and fettled at 
Bicklev in Chcihire. Jnhn» the fc- 
venth jn dcfcrnt from the Writ^ht who 
firft fettled at Bickley, ^ixit, a* the pc- 
di»;rce ha« it. ic8? His fr-n Richard 
Wright, of Brickley, was fcrgeant at 
arms, anno 1601. 

Sir St. John Gwillvm, whois reported 
to have come from YorkOiire, married 
Mifs Cacharine IJovd, folc daughter 



▼ert Dor hat he yet condefcendcd to 
favour me with anv an Aver to mr other 
letter communicated foon after through 
the fame free chaooel. Now, Mr. Ur« 
bin. if thai worthy *«Well-%vi(herio To- 
pography in eeneral" will have the 
goodnefs to come forward, uodifguifed 
by any fiAitioui Hgnature, and avow 
his nurft reafont for iDfertin^ fuch a let« 
ter, it will confer the highed obligation, 
both on myfelf, and on the perfoat 
whom he dared to aflcrt *\ would not 
fuffer th. ife MSS lo any (bape to meet 
the public eye.** Of what unpardooabie 



and heirefs of Edvvard Llovd, Efq. of injury fuch anonymous epiftles (if at 

He'trtCheath, bv Mifs Catharine Wright, tended to) are to Society at large, and 

of Br(>wer\ Hall ; had iflfue Richard to the curious enquirer io particular, is 



Lloyd Gwiilym, who fomc tim* lived 
at Golbourn, in Chefliire, and the 
aforefaid Mary, mother of John Igna- 
tius Wright, Efq. Richard Lloyd 
Gwillym, Eftj. married a Mifs Whitley 
(probably of AHon, in the parilh of Ha- 
warden, Flintflaire), whofe only Ton 
Richard Lloyd Gwillym, Efq. married 
Mifs Jones, of Burton, Flintfliire, 
whofe only daughter, Catharine, was 
married to Francis Wardic, Efq. of 
Chefter, whofe only fon Gwillym Lloyd 



evident from the fortunate fuccefs that 
has at length crowned my wiOies, in 
fpite of all his treacherous arts to pre- 
vent it. The plain truth, in fliort, it. 
Sir, chat the whole of thofe valuable 
Collefttons have been fince prefented to 
me, for the ufe of my intended Htftorv^ 
upon terms the moft liberal and praife- 
worthy i and I ana proud to add, that, 
both in quantity and quality, thev ^r 
exceed my moft faneuine expe£latioat. 
If it were not trefpailing too much upon 



Wardle, Efq. married Ellen, daughter your time and paper, I (bould be glad 



and co-heiref* of — Parry, Efq. of 
Wernfaw, Caernarvonfliire, and was 
HiehSheriflFof Flintfhire, 1791. 

There is a good half-length piflure 
ef SirSt.J«hii Gwillym at Hartflieath. 

Your's, &c. • * ♦ 

Mr. Urban, March i, 

THE Public having been troubled 
fome months back with a corrcfpon- 
dence in the Gentleman's Magazine, 
refpefling the MSS formerly colle£ied 
by Dr. Wilkes, and theRev. T. Feilde, 
for a Hillory of Stafford (hi re; permit 
me again to intrude upon your readers 
what I have now more particularly to 
advance upon that fubjc£t } and at 
the iXme time to ackno-.vled«c the great 
obligation due to your very liberal pub- 
lication, for the elleniial fcrvice thetcby 
obtained lor myfelf ami that county. 

My Qjorie* rcfpc6\ing the above 
colledlions, you mjy remember, were 
rather farcdnicHlIyy as well as mod illi- 
berally and falfely, anf.vered in the fol- 
lowing? month, (page 231.) by a 
Air. A. p. who was pleafe 1 to date his 
very iHgenioui and in^tnuout epiftle from 
Dtrby. But whether that place had 
really the honor of giving birth, or refi- 
4«Qce, 10 fo good aJriiuU to mc and the 



here to o£Fer fome trifling juftice to the 
memory and labours of my predecef- 
fori, in a (light (ketch of their contcnit; 
psrticularly as fuch various and unjaft 
opinions of them have batn hitherta 
propagated, very much to the injurv of 
the feveral meritorious colleAorf. The 
earlieft MSS, I now find, were by Mr. 
Huntbach, of Fetherftone, or Seawall^ 
in the hundred of Seifdon, %vho died 
1704. They con It ft of the molt valu- 
able church -notes, cxtraQs from old 
deeds, innumerable pedigrees, and re- 
gular hiftorics of moft of the paridics io 
that pait of the county. The Rer. 
Thomas Loxd/ile, vicar of Leek, 
communicated his colle^ions and cu- 
rious additions to Erdefwick, at the re- 
que(l of the then Bifliop of Lichfield 
and Covenrry, as appears by his letter 
te Dr. Wiikcs. Mr. Hurdman, of 
Spot Grange, 16S9, and of Stone, 169^, 
left alio an adnirablc copy of Eidef- 
wick. wit 11 his addition}, now in the 
pollcliion of Charlew Toilet, of Beiley, 
Efq. who, amon^n other friendly con- 
tributions, was pleafed to offer me tiie 
ufe of that MS, which I heie find, 
(with rhe permillion of his late brother, 
George Toilet, Efq., an ingenious anti- 
quai)), copied by Dr. Wilkes, to 

wiiofe 



'7930 CoHe^ions/lir Suffordthirc-'^Cniifiie ^n Quarles. 211 

«hoft excellent and indefatigable pen I curlarly do I feel S. D't polite manner 

am alfo indebted for an iueihauilible of again iiluH rating the fubje^^, after 

fond of other information, from the the aj^/^/^/|fr«w^^innru£^ioni of R. S. 

earliefl and mod obfcure ages to his own (p. 1088), whoever he may be, but cer- 

tifnt$« drawn up in fo maAtrly and per* tainly no real encourager of Topo- 

ipic4iOiis a ft\ie, as at once evinces the grnphy. S SHAW. 

mofmi«id fchotar and eUgant antiquary. A^ 19, Tbornbaugb-JI. Btdftrd-'Jquari, 

This juft opinion 11 not only founded ■ 

vpon his abundant writings in my-pof- Mr. Urban, ^ftfr^^ 2, 1793. 

feffioDy but alfp confirmed by the vari- ' I ''HE notice of T. P. p. 11^, is too 

out communications and correfpondence -I flattering to fufTer me to continue 

upon the fubje^^by his conteinporanes, filent regarding our forgotten Poets | 

the learned Bifliop Lyttelton, Dr. Ver- but having left all my books on the Tub* 

BOO, &c. v« ho fpcak of him as peculiarly je£l in the country, books not eaiily 

qualthcd for luch an undertaking. But^ met with, and procured by me at Tome 

fs I do not now intend todifpfay all the labour and expence, I muft content 

merits of my induftrious predrcLfl'ors, I myfcif at prcfent with fending you a 

iball only add that the above collc£lions paper on S^udries^ which has fome time 

were, at the death of Dr. Wilkes, (old lain by me, in confequence of a doubt^ 

by bis executor, the Rev. Mr. Unett, of whether his merits were a fubjed fufii- 

Sufford, for upwards of i«ol. to the ciently novel to engage your attention. 

Rev, T. Ftilde, who greatly enlarged And here I take the opportunity of 

and mcrhodrzed them for the prefs, and, changing my iignature Ciiffordienjii 

as is very well known in the county of fiur the more appropriate one of 

Suffurd, obtained i'ome fubfcriptions for FfiRDl NANDO Stanley. 

pobliihiog its Hifiory. But, whatever — — ■ — 

was the caufe of tliofe propoffils then Eight or nine years ago I procured 

proving uufuccefsful, (whether from a copy of Quailcs's Emblems, at« 

llUgroundcd prejud ce. i>r the Imall re- trailed, if I rccollefV, by the notice ta* 

lifii that formerly cxiiied for f'*ch ufeful ken of liim in Jackfbn's Letters, though 

work»,xoirpartd will, ihe prelent n^ore X do not remember having fince feea 

cnii|(h(eiied and opulent period, when the latter book ; nor can I recall to my 

cvary laudable effort of the Arts and mind any particuiars of ihe authot't 

Sciences is mod Aarterinj^lv fuppcrted)» Criucifms on them, which, as 1 am 

fufficient ibit for me 10 fay ho^v much 1 about to make feme felc£tions from the 

mm indebted for the invaluable trealure fame undefeivedly-obrcure poec, [ men- 

thus commifted to my charge ,* and, tjon in ^polrt^y for any poliiulc coinci- . 

in compliance with the wifhes of tlie dence of txtrȣls and remarks. In 

jgencrous Donor, I gladly embrace th?s your vol. LVl. pp 666, 926, C. T. O. 

firft opportunity to inform the original (now known to have been th: fi^naiure 

CDCOuragers oi Mr. Feitde's Hiftory, of the larem^enious Mr. He:idlc\ ), en- 

thattheywili be entii'ed to become fub- dcayouied to prove the merit, <'>Dd le- 

Icribers to the prefcnt work, with the vive the memory, of the famr ill- fiarred 

^ledudion of their former payment, bard j for which attempts boih critics 

Soty as it would be improper here to are very liberally attacked by a perfon 

enlarge upon my own plan, I Oiall con* uodei the fignature of Sharp, m vour 

dude with referring y6ur readers to an fame vol. p. 1106. When 1 tooK up 

intended advertifement on the cover of the poems myfcU, I waf> delighted with 

ifOMT next, and to thi: full propofals the very cxtraordinaiy variety and ner« 

i»hich I mean, btfoie that lime, tocircu- -voufnels of Sluarlti^i verfiticatiouy 

late in piinted lettnstothe nobiiity and with the vigour and origina'ity of his 

gentry, &c. ot Stafi'ofdfliire. thoughts, and frequently with the 

P. S. Allow me this opportunity of fiiength of bis language ; Itill, however, 

adding my fmcertit thanks to S. D. for i ditruftcd my own judgement) but 

hu truly candid anfwer (p. iiii4) to my now that 

h^Ay remarks upon the 1 H C in- « vt _ ^ ^ • >. 

r -^ c u- u I -. .. ^« 1; ii„ " Nonum prcmatur in annum," 

icriptton, of which i now mult co:dully ' ' 

concur with biin in opinion, nut only and that after fo long a period, during 

froma. futi coavi^ion of his iuperior which, at mtcrvals lufficiently diAant to 

ikiU in luch fubje6ls, but alfo from a lea«e no prejudice troin former im- 

pievious infpe^ion of a fimilar and preifions, 1 have repeatedly examined ' 

te^h pUiner iofcripiioo. More parti* the book, to form ray opinion Irom the 



&I-2 Critique on Quarles^ ilhtftraUdwitb Spuimim^ [Mascht 



peruftt oF the moment ; no\v, that I ftill 
cuatinue, and have upiformly continued 
rr> think the fame, I add my mod 
hearty teftimony to his merits. That 
ti,ie fined pafTages are too often dcbafed 
by vulgar images, and metaphois, 
drawn from artificial obje£li, fenti- 
znencs, manners,, and exprellions, I 
cannot deny. Hut from this fault what 
poet, fu ancient, is free ? Is Spen fer, 
or Shakfiieare, or Cowley? Certainly 
not. Mr. Headiey has not, I think, 
dpne him juflice; the pirticular paf- 
fdges he has fcle^ted are not the mod 
Arikin{|[ which might be found ; but, if 
they were, here and there an excellent 
paHage will not conditute a good poem. 
I think there are whole poems, that, 
mixed with a few faults, are yet on the 
^hole fuperiacivily excellent. 

Book r. Emblem HI. is the print of a 
f hild difturbing a neft of wafps. 

ProT. xiv. 13. Evin in Uut^bitr tbi 
heart is forronAfful^ amd iht ind of that 
mirth ii b€9vi9*/s. 

Alas, fond child 1 
How are thy thoughts begiiil'd 
To hope for honey from a neft of wafps ! 
Th<»u m.ty'ft as well 
Go feek f.>reafie in Hell, 
Qr fprightly nedtar from the mouths of afp'j 

The world's a hive, 
From whence thcu drift licrive 
K o gooc, hv»t what thy foul's vex;'.tioii brings : 
Put cafe, thou meet 
Sonrc i>cfti-i>ciii-rweer, 
t:jchdroj) is guarded with a thoufand ftiugs. 

Wh" doft thou make 
Thcfe murm'r.ns troops forf.»ke 
The fafs piote^ion of their waxen homes ? 
Their hive on'.ii'^s 
No fwcet tliat's wor:!) thy p;iins ; 
Thcre'snothing here, alas ! but empty combes. 

For trafh and toys, 

A ml ghef-cngcnd'ring joyp, [blood ! 

What torment fccms too flurp for fleih and 

Whit bluer p'lls, 

Compofcd cf re.il ill*;, [gooti ! 

Men fw.iUow down to purchafe one falfe 

The vhinties licre 
Are leatl what tliey appear, 
Though fwect in hope?, yef in fruition four : 
The fruii that's > cllow 
Is fovinii not nluays mellow ; 
Tiic faireft tulip's not the I'weeteft Rower. 

Fonil youth, give o'er, 
Antl vex ihy foul no more 
In feoking wlut were better far unfound ; 
Ala**! thy gains 
Ara on)y prehut pains. 
To ^a£Jwr fcorpions for a future wouad* 



What's earths or in it 
That longer than a minute 
Can lend a free delight that can endure ? 
Or who would droily 
Or delve in fuch a foil 
Wliere gain's uncertain, and the pain h fura ? 
Of the following quotation, the three 
laft lines are mentioned by Headiey, u( 
fupra, p. 9«7s but the whole paffage if 
fo wonderfully fine, that it ought not 
to be fcparated. 
The world's a crafty (Irumpet, mod af^ 
feeing, [rejea Ymj 

And clofely following thofe thnt mo(r 
But fec'ming carelels, nicely uifrefpe^ing. 
And coyly flymg thofc that molt affea 
ber: [a»*s frea^ 

If thou be free, (he's fh-ange ; if ibringe» 
Than (he there's none more coy, tnere*| 
none more fond tlian (he *. 

O what a Crocodilian we< Id is this, 
Compn«'il of treacheries, and infnarin^ 
wiles! 
She cloathc deftru6lion in a formal kifs. 
And lodges death in her deceitful fmiiesi 
She hugs the foul (he hates; and 
there does prove [vows ti» Live, 
The verycft tyrant, when (he 
And is a ferpcnt mot), when mofti (he feemt 
a dove. 

Thrice h.iipy he, whofc nobler thoughti 
def;vifc 
To make an ohjVdl of fo eafy gains ! 
Thrice happy he, who fcoriis fu poor a 
prize [pains I 

Should he the crown of his. heroio 
Thrice happy lie, that ne'er waa 
horn to try [boro, did lie 

Tier frowns and fmiles; or» b«ui§ 
In his fad nurfc's arms an hour or two. and 
die ! 

The 10th £mi:)lem of B. I. with % 
print of Cupid, Satan, and iVlaramoDt 
playing bo^vis, contains a ftrong in- 
(lance of a fa fe ta(te, and perverfion of 
figurative laagua^e, for which, thuugH 
it IS by no means general through th^ 
work, the chara£icr of the writer haf 
been damntd. it ends with tHe fou|p 
following ridiculous linei. 

Good God ! turn thuu my brazil tlioughta 
anew; [<rue ; 

New fole my bowlc^ and make tlieir bias' 
I'll ce^ife to game till fairer ground be given. 

Nor wifli to win uuiil tlie mai k be Heaven. 

In E'nbiem 14. iome unufualiy hat 
verfes are dchaled by the foUowiug pai'<» 
fage. 

— When, when will ^ay 

Begin to dawn, wUofe new-born ray 

May gild the weaihci -cocki of our devotxWi 
And give^our unfuul'd fouls new motiiMi? 
* i his is aioioit a iraulUiion ot a iamoa 

V,'itU 



Vy^SO Critipii in Quarlas, Wi^nafJ mtb ^ctm0tu^ S 1 3 

With the 1 ^th Emblem eiid« the firft Whit moan doH fouii in this high m